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Sample records for teaching math grades

  1. Math Matters: Understanding the Math You Teach. Grades K-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chapin, Suzanne, H.; Johnson, Art

    This book is designed to help teachers in the elementary grades deepen their understanding of the mathematics they have to teach. It is based on the belief that teachers cannot teach what they do not understand well, and it addresses several fundamental questions: (1) What math concepts and skills are important in the elementary grades?; (2) Why…

  2. Teaching Math in the Primary Grades: The Learning Trajectories Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarama, Julie; Clements, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    Children's thinking follows natural developmental paths in learning math. When teachers understand those paths and offer activities based on children's progress along them, they build developmentally appropriate math environments. The authors explain math learning trajectories and why teaching math using the trajectories approach is effective. A…

  3. Teaching Strategies for Effective Fifth Grade Math Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zank, Alicia A.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to determine what effects explicit and systematic math intervention instruction will have on student's performance on math assessments. The study will focus on a small group of fifth grade students that have been identified as needing targeted intervention (tier 2) and intensive interventions (tier 1) through the…

  4. Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin

    2012-01-01

    The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math

  5. How to Assess while You Teach Math: Formative Assessment Practices and Lessons, Grades K-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Islas, Dana

    2011-01-01

    "How to Assess While You Teach Math" is the ideal resource for further understanding the process of formative assessment in addition to improving your teaching of mathematics. All lessons are correlated to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and Standards for Mathematical Practice. In this multimedia resource, award-winning teacher…

  6. Investigating the Relationships among Primary Teachers' Math Profile, Math Teaching Efficacy, and Math Content Pedagogical Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roettinger, Theresa Marie

    2014-01-01

    Kindergarten, first and second grade teachers play an important role in the development of a student's understanding of mathematics. Consequently, in order to improve student achievement in mathematics, it is important to investigate the relationships that may exist among primary teachers' math profile, math teaching efficacy, and math pedagogy…

  7. Investigating the Relationships among Primary Teachers' Math Profile, Math Teaching Efficacy, and Math Content Pedagogical Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roettinger, Theresa Marie

    2014-01-01

    Kindergarten, first and second grade teachers play an important role in the development of a student's understanding of mathematics. Consequently, in order to improve student achievement in mathematics, it is important to investigate the relationships that may exist among primary teachers' math profile, math teaching efficacy, and math pedagogy…

  8. Five Keys for Teaching Mental Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, James R.

    2015-01-01

    After studying the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and brain-based learning research, James Olsen believes mental math instruction in secondary school mathematics (grades 7-12) and in teacher education programs needs increased attention. The purpose of this article is to share some keys for teaching mental math. Olsen also…

  9. Five Keys for Teaching Mental Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, James R.

    2015-01-01

    After studying the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and brain-based learning research, James Olsen believes mental math instruction in secondary school mathematics (grades 7-12) and in teacher education programs needs increased attention. The purpose of this article is to share some keys for teaching mental math. Olsen also…

  10. Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

  11. Grade-Aligned Math Instruction for Secondary Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browder, Diane M.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Trela, Katherine

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of grade-aligned math instruction on math skill acquisition of four middle schools with moderate intellectual disability. Teachers were trained to follow a task analysis to teach grade-aligned math to middle school students using adapted math problem stories and graphic organizers. The teacher…

  12. Shoring up Math and Science in the Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galley, Michelle; Jacobson, Linda

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss a three-year math program for elementary school teachers at the University of Vermont. The goal of the program is to make mathematicians out of teachers. Responsible for teaching many subjects, teachers of the lower grades often lack the in-depth math knowledge they need to help their pupils meet the higher…

  13. Math Process Standards Series, Grades 3-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    NCTM's Process Standards support teaching that helps upper elementary level children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every intermediate-grades teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require prior math

  14. Teaching Math Is All Write

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staal, Nancy; Wells, Pamela J.

    2011-01-01

    Both writing and math require purposeful teaching. This article describes how one teacher discovered that she could teach math in a way that paralleled how she taught writing by researching what students know and then nudging them ahead to the next level of understanding. Just as effective writers employ creativity, perseverance, and revising,…

  15. Teaching Math Is All Write

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staal, Nancy; Wells, Pamela J.

    2011-01-01

    Both writing and math require purposeful teaching. This article describes how one teacher discovered that she could teach math in a way that paralleled how she taught writing by researching what students know and then nudging them ahead to the next level of understanding. Just as effective writers employ creativity, perseverance, and revising,…

  16. Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

  17. Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 6-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melanese, Kathy; Chung, Luz; Forbes, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This new addition to Math Solutions "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class series" offers a wealth of lessons and strategies for modifying grades 6-8 instruction. Section I presents an overview of teaching math to English learners: the research, the challenges, the linguistic demands of a math lesson, and specific strategies and…

  18. Tips for Teaching Math to Elementary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarpello, Gary

    2010-01-01

    Since most elementary school teachers do not hold a degree in mathematics, teaching math may be a daunting task for some. Following are a few techniques to help make teaching and learning math easier and less stressful. First, know that math is a difficult subject to teach--even for math teachers. The subject matter itself is challenging. Second,…

  19. Tips for Teaching Math to Elementary Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarpello, Gary

    2010-01-01

    Since most elementary school teachers do not hold a degree in mathematics, teaching math may be a daunting task for some. Following are a few techniques to help make teaching and learning math easier and less stressful. First, know that math is a difficult subject to teach--even for math teachers. The subject matter itself is challenging. Second,…

  20. Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

    2008-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

  1. Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

    2008-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

  2. The Power of Probability: Poster/Teaching Guide for Grades 6-8. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Actuarial Foundation, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "The Power of Probability" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) and Common Core State Standards, which gives students opportunities to practice their skills and knowledge of the mathematics of probability. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, the program's lessons and worksheets motivate…

  3. Math and the Real World: Fun and Games. Teaching Math.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    May, Lola

    1993-01-01

    Describes three simple games that do not involve numbers and that can be used to teach children problem-solving strategies and math skills. The games are Tick-Tack-Toe; Jest, a game that uses a blocking strategy; and Nim, a game that uses a capturing strategy. All three games force students to plan ahead and calculate possible outcomes using…

  4. Perceptions of preparedness of LBS I teachers in the state of Illinois and graduates of Illinois State University's LBS I program to collaborate in teaching grade 7--12 math, science, and social science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caldwell, Janet E.

    The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher certification program in LBS I perceive their preparedness to teach these subjects. Participants provided information about coursework and life experiences, and they made suggestions about teacher preparation and professional development programs. Six key items forming the composite variable focused on level of preparation in (a) best practices, (b) selecting materials, (c) selecting objectives, (d) adapting instructional strategies, (e) planning lessons, and (f) and evaluating outcomes. Only 30 LBS I teachers of the 282 contacted by e-mail completed surveys. Of 115 graduates contacted, 71 participated in the original survey and 23 participated in a follow-up survey. Data were analyzed to learn more about the teachers' self-perceptions regarding preparedness to teach math, science, or social science. There was a correlation between perceived level of knowledge and the composite preparation variable for all subjects, but no correlation with length of teaching. Both groups indicated high school content courses were important in preparation to teach. Teachers also indicated collaboration and graduates indicated grade school learning. The most frequent recommendation for both teacher preparation and professional development was additional methods courses. A survey distributed to math, science, and social science teachers of Grades 7--12 asked about their perceptions of the preparedness of LBS I teachers to teach their area of content. Few surveys were completed for each subject so they were examined qualitatively. There was variability among participants, but generally the content area teachers rated themselves as more prepared than the LBS I teachers.

  5. A Comparative Study of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Math Curriculum to Improve Math Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yuliang

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study was to design, develop, and implement one multimedia math lesson in third grade to improve students' math learning. The non-equivalent control group design was used. The experimental group had 11 third grade students and the control group had 15 third grade students in an African American predominated elementary…

  6. A Comparative Study of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Math Curriculum to Improve Math Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Yuliang

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study was to design, develop, and implement one multimedia math lesson in third grade to improve students' math learning. The non-equivalent control group design was used. The experimental group had 11 third grade students and the control group had 15 third grade students in an African American predominated elementary…

  7. Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades K-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bresser, Rusty; Melanese, Kathy; Sphar, Christine

    2009-01-01

    More than 10 percent of the students in our nation's public schools are English language learners, and this number grows each year. Many of these students are falling behind in math. "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades K-2" outlines the challenges ELL students face when learning math and provides a wealth of specific…

  8. Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Nancy; Chapin, Suzanne; O'Connor, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    "Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6" provides preservice and inservice instructors, coaches and facilitators with real, classroom-based video examples that illustrate the principles and practices covered in the authors' best-selling book, "Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grade K-6,…

  9. Teaching Math to the Talented

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Woessmann, Ludger

    2011-01-01

    Maintaining America's productivity as a nation depends importantly on developing a highly qualified cadre of scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, and other professionals. To realize that objective requires a system of schooling that produces students with advanced math and science skills. To see how well schools in the United States do at…

  10. Doubts Cast on Math, Science Teaching Lures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2007-01-01

    Few strategies for luring more students and working adults into math and science teaching have proved as popular among elected officials as financial incentives, which try to make one of the least appealing aspects of the job--low pay--a little less daunting. Lawmakers on Capitol Hill are considering a number of bills that would expand existing…

  11. Teaching Young Children To Think about Math.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, Alice P.

    2001-01-01

    Constructivist teachers are guided by three basic principles when teaching math to young children. They encourage students to think about their answers, conceptualize how they resolved the problem, and represent their thinking with words, pictures, or symbols. Demonstrating mathematical logic is more important than memorizing rules. (MLH)

  12. Doubts Cast on Math, Science Teaching Lures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2007-01-01

    Few strategies for luring more students and working adults into math and science teaching have proved as popular among elected officials as financial incentives, which try to make one of the least appealing aspects of the job--low pay--a little less daunting. Lawmakers on Capitol Hill are considering a number of bills that would expand existing…

  13. Introduction to Problem Solving, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan

    2008-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

  14. Math and Economics: Implementing Authentic Instruction in Grades K-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Althauser, Krista; Harter, Cynthia

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to outline a partnership program that involved a local elementary school district, an institution of higher education, the local business community, and a state economic education advocacy group to integrate economics into math in grades K-5. The "Economics: Math in Real Life" program was provided in…

  15. Determinants of Grades in Maths for Students in Economics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappellari, Lorenzo; Lucifora, Claudio; Pozzoli, Dario

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the determinants of grades achieved in maths by first-year students in economics. We use individual administrative data from 1993 to 2005 to fit an educational production function. Our main findings suggest that good secondary school achievements and the type of school attended are significantly associated with maths

  16. Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Benchmark Assessment Data to Predict Student Math Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Lawanna M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this correlational quantitative study was to examine the extent to which teachers perceive the use of benchmark assessment data as effective; the extent to which the time spent teaching mathematics is associated with students' mathematics grades, and the extent to which the results of math benchmark assessment influence teachers'…

  17. Math Academy: Are You Game? Explorations in Probability. Supplemental Math Materials for Grades 3-6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimbey, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the themed program "Are You Game? Math Academy--Explorations in Probability," which teachers can use to…

  18. First Grade Study Groups Deepen Math Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloane, Marie W.

    2007-01-01

    Experts say that good mathematics instruction engages all students as active learners (NAEYC & NCTM 2002). It begins with their current skills and builds new knowledge that is meaningful and appropriate for each child (Baroody 1998). Effective math instruction allows children to develop positive attitudes toward math instead of negative ones…

  19. Reworking the Workshop: Math and Science Reform in the Primary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heuser, Daniel

    This book offers a plan to improve how students construct math and science understanding. Underpinning this book are three important ideas based on research and classroom experience: (1) some ways of teaching help students understand math and science better; (2) good math and science teaching resembles good literacy teaching; and (3) math and…

  20. More than Numbers: Teaching ELLs Mathematical Language in Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sistla, Michelle; Feng, Jay

    2014-01-01

    Teaching English Language Learners (ELL) academics while they are acquiring English language skills is a challenge for teachers. This action research examines the use of Response To Intervention (RTI) in teaching ELLs mathematical language and its effect on students' math achievement in primary grades. It shows that when mathematical language…

  1. First Grade Math Skills Set Foundation for Later Math Ability

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cognitive skills as memory, attention span, and general intelligence. The researchers found that by seventh grade, children ... between the two groups were not related to intelligence, language skills or the method students used to ...

  2. The Relationship of Grade Span in 9th Grade to Math Achievement in High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, John; Miller, Mary Lou; Myers, Jim; Norton, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    Purpose, Scope, and Method of Study: The purpose of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between grade span for ninth grade and gains in math achievement test scores in 10th grade and 12th grade. A quantitative, longitudinal, correlational research design was employed to investigate the research questions. The population was high…

  3. Performing Big Math Ideas across the Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadanidis, George; Hughes, Janette M.

    2011-01-01

    A storied math context helps students engage both emotionally and cognitively with mathematics and helps show that mathematics develops out of human experience. Children's literature also models mathematical storytelling for students, and creates opportunities for them to retell and extend stories. This article describes mathematics investigations…

  4. Performing Big Math Ideas across the Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gadanidis, George; Hughes, Janette M.

    2011-01-01

    A storied math context helps students engage both emotionally and cognitively with mathematics and helps show that mathematics develops out of human experience. Children's literature also models mathematical storytelling for students, and creates opportunities for them to retell and extend stories. This article describes mathematics investigations…

  5. Project TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edwards, Leo, Jr.

    1993-01-01

    The goal of this project is to increase the scientific knowledge and appreciation bases and skills of pre-service and in-service middle school teachers, so as to impact positively on teaching, learning, and student retention. This report lists the objectives and summarizes the progress thus far. Included is the working draft of the TIMS (Teaching Integrated Math/Science) curriculum outline. Seven of the eight instructional subject-oriented modules are also included. The modules include informative materials and corresponding questions and educational activities in a textbook format. The subjects included here are the universe and stars; the sun and its place in the universe; our solar system; astronomical instruments and scientific measurements; the moon and eclipses; the earth's atmosphere: its nature and composition; and the earth: directions, time, and seasons. The module not included regards winds and circulation.

  6. From Reading to Math: How Best Practices in Literacy Can Make You a Better Math Teacher, Grades K-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siena, Maggie

    2009-01-01

    Are your students engaged and motivated to read and write but hesitant during math instruction? Do you want your students to be as excited about math as they are about literacy? This unique resource explores how best practices for teaching reading and writing can help you become a better math teacher. Drawing on the work of such educators as…

  7. From Reading to Math: How Best Practices in Literacy Can Make You a Better Math Teacher, Grades K-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siena, Maggie

    2009-01-01

    Are your students engaged and motivated to read and write but hesitant during math instruction? Do you want your students to be as excited about math as they are about literacy? This unique resource explores how best practices for teaching reading and writing can help you become a better math teacher. Drawing on the work of such educators as…

  8. Differentiating Instruction with Menus Grades 3-5: Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westphal, Laurie E.

    2007-01-01

    "Differentiating Instruction With Menus Grades 3-5" offers teachers everything they need to create a student-centered learning environment based on choice. Addressing the four main subject areas (language arts, math, science, and social studies) and the major concepts taught within these areas, these books provide a number of different types of…

  9. Seasoning Math & Science: Spring & Summer. Second Grade Book B.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiebe, Arthur, Ed.; And Others

    The activities in this booklet were designed to provide second grade children with opportunities to explore areas of natural interest to them while gaining knowledge and practice in math skills and with science processes. The lessons are most appropriate for the second half of the school year and are grouped into units on life science, earth-space…

  10. Math Manipulatives to Increase 4th Grade Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Couture, Katie

    2012-01-01

    This research project was completed with twenty-nine fourth grade students from Shawnee Elementary, a school in the Chippewa Valley School District. It began in April 2012 and the data collection was completed by June 2012. The purpose of this project was to see if utilizing math manipulatives in an elementary classroom will increase student…

  11. Seasoning Math and Science: Fall & Winter. Second Grade Book A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiebe, Arthur, Ed.; And Others

    The activities in this booklet were designed to provide second grade children with opportunities to explore areas of natural interest to them while gaining knowledge and practice in math skills and with science processes. Seasonal activities which are appropriate for the first half of the school year are offered on the topics of: holidays, seeds…

  12. Connecting Math Website Evaluation to an Authentic Learning Activity for Teaching Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziegenfus, Robert G.; Smith, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article will discuss two teacher training functions: One function is to give the teacher candidates practice in evaluating currently available mathematics websites used in grades K-8 for mathematics instruction. The second function is the evaluation of data by teaching candidates of 13 commonly used math sites by middle and elementary…

  13. Effects of Direct Teaching Using Creative Memorization Strategies To Improve Math Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bielsker, Staci; Napoli, Lori; Sandino, Melissa; Waishwell, Lesa

    This report describes a program for enhancing direct teaching using creative memorization strategies in order to improve retention and quick retrieval of math facts. The targeted population consisted of first and second grade students in two separate districts in middle class communities. Analysis of probable cause data revealed that students were…

  14. 3 Lessons by Marilyn Burns: Using Storybooks to Teach Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Marilyn

    2005-01-01

    For many teachers, the storybook shelf is not the first place that they go to when they start to plan a math lesson. But children's books can be a great math teaching tool. They spark students' imaginations in ways that exercises in textbooks or workbooks often don't. In this article, the author shares three possible lessons based on favorite…

  15. Perceptions of Preparedness of LBS I Teachers in the State of Illinois and Graduates of Illinois State University's LBS I Program to Collaborate in Teaching Grade 7-12 Math, Science, and Social Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caldwell, Janet E.

    2011-01-01

    The expectations for no child to be left behind are leading to increased emphasis on teaching math, science, and social science effectively to students with disabilities. This study utilized information collected from online surveys to examine how current LBS I teachers and individuals graduating from the Illinois State University teacher…

  16. Pet Care Teaching Unit: 1st-3rd Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peninsula Humane Society, San Mateo, CA.

    Activities in this unit are designed to familiarize primary grade students with the responsibilities involved in pet ownership. Teaching plans are provided for a total of 12 lessons involving social studies, language arts, math, and health sciences. Activities adaptable for readers and non-readers focus on pet overpopulation, care of pets when…

  17. Pet Care Teaching Unit: 1st-3rd Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peninsula Humane Society, San Mateo, CA.

    Activities in this unit are designed to familiarize primary grade students with the responsibilities involved in pet ownership. Teaching plans are provided for a total of 12 lessons involving social studies, language arts, math, and health sciences. Activities adaptable for readers and non-readers focus on pet overpopulation, care of pets when…

  18. The relation between 1st grade grey matter volume and 2nd grade math competence.

    PubMed

    Price, Gavin R; Wilkey, Eric D; Yeo, Darren J; Cutting, Laurie E

    2016-01-01

    Mathematical and numerical competence is a critical foundation for individual success in modern society yet the neurobiological sources of individual differences in math competence are poorly understood. Neuroimaging research over the last decade suggests that neural mechanisms in the parietal lobe, particularly the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are structurally aberrant in individuals with mathematical learning disabilities. However, whether those same brain regions underlie individual differences in math performance across the full range of math abilities is unknown. Furthermore, previous studies have been exclusively cross-sectional, making it unclear whether variations in the structure of the IPS are caused by or consequences of the development of math skills. The present study investigates the relation between grey matter volume across the whole brain and math competence longitudinally in a representative sample of 50 elementary school children. Results show that grey matter volume in the left IPS at the end of 1st grade relates to math competence a year later at the end of 2nd grade. Grey matter volume in this region did not change over that year, and was still correlated with math competence at the end of 2nd grade. These findings support the hypothesis that the IPS and its associated functions represent a critical foundation for the acquisition of mathematical competence. PMID:26334946

  19. Grade One: Math Computation. Case Study #1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Sarah R.; Seethaler, Pamela M.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to highlight the integral role that progress monitoring (PM) plays throughout any Response to Intervention (RTI) process. This example uses a three-level, responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI) method for identifying students with learning difficulties. Using a fictional first-grade classroom as the setting for…

  20. Math Academy: Play Ball! Explorations in Data Analysis & Statistics. Book 3: Supplemental Math Materials for Grades 3-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimbey, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Play Ball! Explorations in Data Analysis & Statistics," which teachers can use to…

  1. Math Academy: Dining Out! Explorations in Fractions, Decimals, & Percents. Book 4: Supplemental Math Materials for Grades 3-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rimbey, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Dining Out! Explorations in Fractions, Decimals, and Percents," which teachers can use…

  2. Teaching with Techology. Math and Science Motivators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Denise

    1997-01-01

    Profiles new CD-ROM technologies for middle schoolers, in the fields of mathematics and science, aimed at motivating and holding student interest. Describes three titles (Math Heads, Sunny Math, and The Ultimate 3-D Skeleton) in terms of manufacturer, capabilities, platform, and price. Several additional titles are described more briefly. (SD)

  3. Teaching Quantitative Methodology to the Math Averse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchler, Justin

    2009-01-01

    Many political science students struggle in quantitative methods courses because they have never been taught how to learn math. Learning math is different from learning in other fields, so the techniques students have used successfully in other classes are inappropriate in mathematically oriented classes. However, most students have never been…

  4. TEAM TEACHING IN ELEMENTARY GRADES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Research Service, Arlington, VA.

    INFORMATION ON THE PRACTICE OF TEAM TEACHING IN THE ELEMENTARY GRADES DRAWN FROM A SURVEY OF SCHOOL SYSTEMS HAVING SUCH PROBLEMS IS PRESENTED IN THIS CIRCULAR. OVER 400 SCHOOL SYSTEMS WITH ENROLLMENTS OF 12,000 AND ABOVE WERE INITIALLY SURVEYED, AND THE 169 WHICH INDICATED THEY USED SOME TEAM TEACHING WERE SENT QUESTIONNAIRES. THE PROGRAMS OF 76…

  5. Teaching Day by Day. Math and More...

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching Pre K-8, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This column describes suggestions for daily activities in a calendar format. This month's theme is math and more. Among other things, this column features several web sites for mathematics activities.

  6. Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 3-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bresser, Rusty; Melanese, Kathy; Sphar, Christine

    2009-01-01

    More than 10 percent of the students in our nation's public schools are English language learners, and this number grows each year. Many of these students are falling behind in math. "Supporting English Language Learners in Math Class, Grades 3-5" outlines the challenges ELL students face when learning math and provides a wealth of specific…

  7. "Lettuce" Learn Math: Teaching Mathematics with Seeds and Centimeters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rickard, Laura N.; Wilson, Colette

    2006-01-01

    "Lettuce Learn Math" is an interdisciplinary program that has effectively linked a small-scale agricultural production system to a sixth-grade mathematics and science curriculum. The mathematical concepts and skills, including measurement and geometry, taught in this project met and often exceeded the standards set by New York state for…

  8. Toast, Anyone? Project Teaches Electricity Basics and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quagliana, David F.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes an electrical technology experiment that shows students how to determine the cost of using an electrical appliance. The experiment also provides good math practice and teaches basic electricity terms and concepts, such as volt, ampere, watt, kilowatt, and kilowatt-hour. This experiment could be expanded to calculate the cost…

  9. Toast, Anyone? Project Teaches Electricity Basics and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quagliana, David F.

    2010-01-01

    This article describes an electrical technology experiment that shows students how to determine the cost of using an electrical appliance. The experiment also provides good math practice and teaches basic electricity terms and concepts, such as volt, ampere, watt, kilowatt, and kilowatt-hour. This experiment could be expanded to calculate the cost…

  10. Teaching Critical Literacy Principles to Math and Science Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darvin, Jacqueline

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the attitudes of math and science educators toward incorporating literacy activities into their teaching and offers suggestions for ways that teacher educators can encourage the integration of critical literacy principles into their lesson and unit planning. Emphases placed on textbooks, correct answers, multiple choice or…

  11. UNCF, Thurgood Marshall Collaboration Encourages Teaching Careers in Math, Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black Issues in Higher Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund, the United Negro College Fund, and the Siemens Foundation have collaborated to establish the Siemens Teacher Scholarships, aimed at encouraging minority students to pursue teaching careers in math and science. This brief article discusses the details of the new program.

  12. Minimum Teaching Essentials: Grade 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

    This guide presents the "minimum teaching essentials" published by the New York City Board of Education for grade 6. Covered are the following subject areas: (1) art; (2) bilingual education; (3) career education; (4) health education; (5) library media; (6) mathematics; (7) music; (8) physical education; (9) science; and (10) social studies. Work…

  13. Trying To Understand Teaching Math for Understanding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bracey, Gerald W.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews evidence that refutes unfavorable portraits of American mathematics teachers in two books, "The Teaching Gap" (James Stigler and James Hiebert) and "Knowing and Teaching Elementary Mathematics" (Liping Ma). Young students' difficulty with the "equals" concept can be addressed by teaching algebraic concepts throughout the elementary years.…

  14. Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

    2010-01-01

    The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…

  15. Using Food as a Tool to Teach Science to 3rd Grade Students in Appalachian Ohio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffrin, Melani W.; Hovland, Jana; Carraway-Stage, Virginia; McLeod, Sara; Duffrin, Christopher; Phillips, Sharon; Rivera, David; Saum, Diana; Johanson, George; Graham, Annette; Lee, Tammy; Bosse, Michael; Berryman, Darlene

    2010-01-01

    The Food, Math, and Science Teaching Enhancement Resource (FoodMASTER) Initiative is a compilation of programs aimed at using food as a tool to teach mathematics and science. In 2007 to 2008, a foods curriculum developed by professionals in nutrition and education was implemented in 10 3rd-grade classrooms in Appalachian Ohio; teachers in these…

  16. An Analysis of Math Congress in an Eighth Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotsopoulos, Donna; Lee, Joanne

    2012-01-01

    A "math congress" is a pedagogical approach in which students present their solutions from their mathematical work completed individually, in pairs, or in small groups, and share and defend their mathematical thinking. Mathematical artifacts presented during math congress remain on display as community records of practice. Math congress has four…

  17. A Math Intervention for Third Grade Latino English Language Learners at Risk for Math Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orosco, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    Word problems for English language learners (ELLs) at risk for math disabilities are challenging in terms of the constant need to develop precise math language and comprehension knowledge. As a result of this, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading and linguistic support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a…

  18. A Math Intervention for Third Grade Latino English Language Learners at Risk for Math Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orosco, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    Word problems for English language learners (ELLs) at risk for math disabilities are challenging in terms of the constant need to develop precise math language and comprehension knowledge. As a result of this, ELLs may not only need math support but also reading and linguistic support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a…

  19. Teaching German through Science, Math, and Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kathriner, Susan I.

    1976-01-01

    Discusses the development of multi-subject teaching units combining German with science, mathematics and art. Three such units are reproduced here, including procedures, student activities, and evaluation. (CHK)

  20. The Effects of Personalized Practice Software on Learning Math Standards in the Third through Fifth Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Angela Nicole

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "MathFacts in a Flash" software in helping students learn math standards. In each of their classes, the third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade students in a small private Roman Catholic school from the Pacific Northwest were randomly assigned either to a control group that used…

  1. Reactivity to Stress and the Cognitive Components of Math Disability in Grade 1 Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacKinnon McQuarrie, Maureen A.; Siegel, Linda S.; Perry, Nancy E.; Weinberg, Joanne

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship among working memory, processing speed, math performance, and reactivity to stress in 83 Grade 1 children. Specifically, 39 children with math disability (MD) were compared to 44 children who are typically achieving (TA) in mathematics. It is the first study to use a physiological index of stress (salivary…

  2. Hot Math: Promoting Mathematical Problem Solving among Third-Grade Students with Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Prentice, Karin; Burch, Mindy; Paulsen, Kim

    2002-01-01

    This article describes "Hot Math," a third-grade intervention conducted with small groups of students with disabilities or in inclusive classrooms that fosters mathematical problem solving. Hot Math integrates two promising practices to promote mathematical problem solving, explicit instruction about transfer and self-regulation strategies.…

  3. Supermath: An Alternative Approach to Improving Math Performance in Grades 4 through 9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogrow, Stanley

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author shares a decade's worth of experience in developing an approach to teaching math to upper-elementary and middle school students that simultaneously increases basic skills, improves problem solving, raises test scores, and sparks student interest in math. Sections include: (1) Background Of Supermath; (2) Description Of…

  4. Math Fluency: Accuracy Versus Speed in Preoperational and Concrete Operational First and Second Grade Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos-Christian, Vanessa; Schleser, Robert; Varn, Mary E.

    2008-01-01

    Cognitive abilities as well as math fluency play an important role in mathematical skills. Understanding the relationship between cognitive abilities and mathematical skills is imperative to teaching effective arithmetic skills. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between cognitive ability and math fluency with 38 first and…

  5. Math Problem

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oguntoyinbo, Lekan

    2012-01-01

    Many experts give the nation's schools a poor grade for their approach to teaching mathematics and for their preparation of mathematics teachers. While many policymakers make much of data that suggest children in the United States lag behind many other advanced countries in math, many experts call for a change in mathematics education,…

  6. Algebra Readiness Outcomes of Sixth-Grade Boys and Girls Placed in Challenge Math Based on Measured Math Ability Compared to Sixth-Grade Boys and Girls Placed in Challenge Math Based on Teachers' Recommendations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemphill, David C.

    2011-01-01

    The first pretest-posttest hypothesis was tested using the dependent t test. Null hypotheses for test score improvement over time were rejected for the end of fifth-grade pretest compared to ending sixth-grade posttest math Essential Learner Outcome scores converted to standard scores for randomly selected sixth-grade girls meeting measured test…

  7. Relations between Achievement Goal Orientations and Math Achievement in Primary Grades: A Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magi, Katrin; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Kikas, Eve

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate children's achievement goal orientations and their relations to math achievement in the primary grades. The sample consisted of 179 children who were in the 2nd and 3rd grades during the first measurement and in the 3rd and 4th grades during the second measurement. Children's self-ratings were…

  8. Learning to Love Math: Teaching Strategies that Change Student Attitudes and Get Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, Judy

    2010-01-01

    Has it ever seemed to you that some students are hardwired to dislike math? If so, then here's a book that explains how negative attitudes toward math get established in the brain and what you can do to turn those attitudes around. Math teacher and neurologist Judy Willis gives you over 50 strategies you can use right away in any grade level to:…

  9. Cognitive Correlates of Math Skills in Third-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mannamaa, Mairi; Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu

    2012-01-01

    Math achievement is not a unidimensional construct but includes different skills that require different cognitive abilities. The focus of this study was to examine associations between a number of cognitive abilities and three domains of math skills (knowing, applying and problem solving) simultaneously in a multivariate framework. Participants…

  10. Cognitive Correlates of Math Skills in Third-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mannamaa, Mairi; Kikas, Eve; Peets, Katlin; Palu, Anu

    2012-01-01

    Math achievement is not a unidimensional construct but includes different skills that require different cognitive abilities. The focus of this study was to examine associations between a number of cognitive abilities and three domains of math skills (knowing, applying and problem solving) simultaneously in a multivariate framework. Participants…

  11. Teaching Inuktitut to Grade 2. Interim Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Liz Apak; McDairmid, Jim

    This teacher's guide for a second grade Inuktitut language arts program has 30 units based on concepts in social studies, science, math, and health; and emphasizes development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. The vocabulary and unit concepts are based on themes familiar to the children, including ships, plants, rocks, animal…

  12. Examining Item Functioning of Math Screening Measures for Grades 1-8 Students. Technical Report Number 08-04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Kimy; Ketterlin-Geller, Leanne R.; Yovanoff, Paul; Tindal, Gerald

    2008-01-01

    BRT Math Screening Measures focus on students' mathematics performance in grade-level standards for students in grades 1-8. A total of 24 test forms are available with three test forms per grade corresponding to fall, winter, and spring testing periods. Each form contains computation problems and application problems. BRT Math Screening Measures…

  13. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 2 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the second grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 2 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics,…

  14. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 4 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the fourth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 4 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics,…

  15. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 1 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document Agency is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the first grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 1 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics,…

  16. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 7 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the seventh grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 7 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…

  17. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 3 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the third grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 3 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics,…

  18. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 5 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the fifth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 5 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…

  19. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 6 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the sixth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 6 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…

  20. Guidelines for Teaching Grade 8 Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    This document is designed to assist teachers and other school personnel in the planning and teaching of the eighth grade mathematics course. Contents include: (1) Overview of Grade 8 Mathematics (mission statement, purpose and philosophy, goals, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' Professional Standards for Teaching Mathematics, and uses…

  1. Teaching Math to Young Children. Educator's Practice Guide. What Works Clearinghouse. NCEE 2014-4005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frye, Douglas; Baroody, Arthur J.; Burchinal, Margaret; Carver, Sharon M.; Jordan, Nancy C.; McDowell, Judy

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this practice guide is to offer educators specific, evidence-based recommendations that address the challenge of teaching early math to children ages 3 to 6. The guide provides practical, clear information on critical topics related to teaching early math and is based on the best available evidence as judged by the authors. The guide…

  2. Co-Teaching vs. Solo Teaching: Comparative Effects on Fifth Graders' Math Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witcher, Melissa; Feng, Jay

    2010-01-01

    Current educational reform in K-12 schools in this nation is much driven by the No Child Left Behind Act. One central goal of NCLB is to "bring all students (including special education children) up to grade level in reading and math, to close the achievement gap and to hold schools accountable for results"(ed.gov). Varied innovative efforts are…

  3. A Descriptive Analysis of the Impact of Co-Teaching on the Reading/Language Arts and Math Achievement of Selected Middle School Students in a Middle Tennessee School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maultsby-Springer, Barbara Michelle

    2009-01-01

    This research examined the impact of collaborative teaching (co-teaching) on the Reading/Language Arts and Math achievement of Middle Tennessee students in grades 5-8, as measured by the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) Achievement test. Within the context of this study, the co-teaching model of instruction is defined as the…

  4. Teaching Both Sides of the Brain: Book III: Math/Social Studies/Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombrower, Jule; And Others

    Part of a program to increase the academic growth of preschool and primary grade children through the utilization of brain hemisphere research, this volume contains lessons for improving math, social studies, and science learning. Material is divided into two major sections. Section 1 contains 11 chapters covering the following math skills:…

  5. Instructional Communication Predictors of Ninth-Grade Students' Affective Learning in Math and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…

  6. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 7, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional aids for classroom use and worksheets which may be reproduced for individual seatwork are included in these support materials for unit seven of the science/math strand developed for Spanish-speaking students in grade three. They are designed to be used with the teacher's guide to the unit, which contains a timetable for their use.…

  7. Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, Ashley M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

  8. Instructional Communication Predictors of Ninth-Grade Students' Affective Learning in Math and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mottet, Timothy P.; Garza, Ruben; Beebe, Steven A.; Houser, Marian L.; Jurrells, Summer; Furler, Lisa

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how students' perceptions of their teachers' instructional communication behaviors were related to their affective learning in math and science. A survey was used to collect perceptions from 497 ninth-grade students. The following conclusions were yielded from the data: (1) students' perceptions of their…

  9. Accelerated Mathematics and High-Ability Students' Math Achievement in Grades Three and Four

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley, Ashley M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the use of a computer-managed integrated learning system entitled Accelerated Math (AM) as a supplement to traditional mathematics instruction on achievement as measured by TerraNova achievement tests of third and fourth grade high-ability students. Gender, socioeconomic status, and…

  10. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 1, Grade One, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    As a supplement to the teacher's guide for the first unit of a bilingual program in science/math for grade one, these instructional aids and ditto sheets are designed to help the teacher carry out instructional activities for kits one through four referred to in the guide. Emphasizing resources found in the classroom, the visual aids and…

  11. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Unit 10 of a Spanish science/math curriculum for grade three, composed of kits 37-40, has as its theme "communities around the world". The unit's teacher's guide contains both learning and assessment activities, with the focus, objective, and materials needed for each activity listed. Specific attention is placed on four spiraling questions…

  12. Effects of Ability Grouping on Math Achievement of Third Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Emily; Feng, Jay

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of heterogeneous and homogeneous grouping on the mathematical achievement of students in third grade. Participants were 16 third graders in a self-contained classroom, assigned to either small homogeneous or heterogeneous group for math instruction for 7 weeks. Pretest-posttest scores and growth…

  13. Improving Upper Grade Math Achievement via the Integration of a Culturally Responsive Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajkos, Diane; Klein-Collins, John

    This report describes an intervention program for increasing mathematical achievement of African American students. Within the targeted population, it was evident that the disparity in math achievement between African American and White students was increasing each year. The targeted population consisted of sixth, seventh, and eighth grade

  14. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    A supplement and ditto packet for use with unit 10 of the bilingual science/math strand developed for grade three contains both visuals for classroom use and worksheets for students which may be reproduced for individual seatwork. The timetable for when these materials are to be used is given in the teacher's guide for this unit. Instructional…

  15. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math, Unit 10, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Unit 10 of a Spanish science/math curriculum for grade three, composed of kits 37-40, has as its theme "communities around the world". The unit's teacher's guide contains both learning and assessment activities, with the focus, objective, and materials needed for each activity listed. Specific attention is placed on four spiraling questions…

  16. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade Two, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    The teacher's guide for unit four of a Spanish science/math strand for second graders contains instructional and assessment activities for kits 13-16. Each designed for a two- to three-week teaching period, the kits' activities are geared toward guiding the child to discover correct answers through methods provided and, by putting materials in his…

  17. Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…

  18. Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…

  19. Learning Geography Promotes Learning Math: Results and Implications of Arizona's GeoMath Grade K-8 Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorn, Ronald I.; Douglass, John; Ekiss, Gale Olp; Trapido-Lurie, Barbara; Comeauz, Malcolm; Mings, Robert; Eden, Rebecca; Davis, Cathy; Hinde, Elizabeth; Ramakrishna, B.

    2005-01-01

    The "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) legislation has resulted in declining classroom time dedicated to geography instruction, especially in grades K-8. To combat this problem, a National Geographic Society Grosvenor grant provided resources allowing 28 teacher-authors to generate a package of more than 80 lessons that combine the teaching of…

  20. Learning Geography Promotes Learning Math: Results and Implications of Arizona's GeoMath Grade K-8 Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorn, Ronald I.; Douglass, John; Ekiss, Gale Olp; Trapido-Lurie, Barbara; Comeauz, Malcolm; Mings, Robert; Eden, Rebecca; Davis, Cathy; Hinde, Elizabeth; Ramakrishna, B.

    2005-01-01

    The "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) legislation has resulted in declining classroom time dedicated to geography instruction, especially in grades K-8. To combat this problem, a National Geographic Society Grosvenor grant provided resources allowing 28 teacher-authors to generate a package of more than 80 lessons that combine the teaching of…

  1. The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Grade 7 Math and Science Scores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaffer, Donna

    There has been a decline of math and science assessment scores consecutively over the past 2 years at a local middle school. This mixed method study incorporated a sequential qualitative-quantitative explanatory strategy with the intent of enhancing and altering the instructional process to increase student achievement. The qualitative portion of the study explored the process of differentiated instruction and perceptions of those who were involved within the development of a nontraditional approach to instruction in the 7th grade content areas of math and science. For the quantitative portion of the study, assessment data were collected for 2010 and 2011 for the 7th grade math and science content areas. Constructivism served as the theoretical foundation for the study. The results of the qualitative analysis suggested that the majority of the participants believed that differentiated instruction positively impacts student scores for the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP). The result of an independent t test indicated that students receiving differentiated instruction had higher math and science TCAP test scores for Grade 7 One recommendation is for future research to be conducted regarding differentiated instruction's impact on student achievement so that the gap in scientific research in this area may be bridged. Implications for social change include the potential for enhancing the instructional process that could result in improved student achievement.

  2. Teaching Literacy in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapp, Diane; Flood, James; Moore, Kelly; Nichols, Maria

    2005-01-01

    First grade is a year of important new experiences for students and teachers alike. Some students will arrive knowing how to read, others will know a few letters of the alphabet, and most will be somewhere in between. Including dozens of reproducibles, this book guides first-grade teachers in the many decisions they face about how to orchestrate…

  3. 12 Math Rules That Expire in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.

    2015-01-01

    Many rules taught in mathematics classrooms "expire" when students develop knowledge that is more sophisticated, such as using new number systems. For example, in elementary grades, students are sometimes taught that "addition makes bigger" or "subtraction makes smaller" when learning to compute with whole numbers,…

  4. Grade Three: Math Concepts/Applications. Case Study #2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Sarah R.; Seethaler, Pamela M.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to highlight the integral role that progress monitoring (PM) plays throughout any response to intervention (RTI) process. This example uses a three-level, responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI) method for identifying students with learning difficulties. Using a fictional third-grade classroom as the setting for…

  5. 12 Math Rules That Expire in the Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Karen S.; Bush, Sarah B.; Dougherty, Barbara J.

    2015-01-01

    Many rules taught in mathematics classrooms "expire" when students develop knowledge that is more sophisticated, such as using new number systems. For example, in elementary grades, students are sometimes taught that "addition makes bigger" or "subtraction makes smaller" when learning to compute with whole numbers,…

  6. The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9: Concepts, Skills, Standards, and Assessments. Second Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solomon, Pearl Gold

    2007-01-01

    In a new edition of her standards-based math workbook, author Pearl Gold Solomon covers essential concepts and skills as defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for learners in middle schools. Designed as a comprehensive resource for planning curriculum, instruction, and assessment, The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9,…

  7. How preschool executive functioning predicts several aspects of math achievement in Grades 1 and 3: A longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Viterbori, Paola; Usai, M Carmen; Traverso, Laura; De Franchis, Valentina

    2015-12-01

    This longitudinal study analyzes whether selected components of executive function (EF) measured during the preschool period predict several indices of math achievement in primary school. Six EF measures were assessed in a sample of 5-year-old children (N = 175). The math achievement of the same children was then tested in Grades 1 and 3 using both a composite math score and three single indices of written calculation, arithmetical facts, and problem solving. Using previous results obtained from the same sample of children, a confirmatory factor analysis examining the latent EF structure in kindergarten indicated that a two-factor model provided the best fit for the data. In this model, inhibition and working memory (WM)-flexibility were separate dimensions. A full structural equation model was then used to test the hypothesis that math achievement (the composite math score and single math scores) in Grades 1 and 3 could be explained by the two EF components comprising the kindergarten model. The results indicate that the WM-flexibility component measured during the preschool period substantially predicts mathematical achievement, especially in Grade 3. The math composite scores were predicted by the WM-flexibility factor at both grade levels. In Grade 3, both problem solving and arithmetical facts were predicted by the WM-flexibility component. The results empirically support interventions that target EF as an important component of early childhood mathematics education. PMID:26218333

  8. Teaching Music, Grades 5, 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

    This curriculum guide has been prepared for use by both the music specialist and the classroom teacher in New York City. It outlines areas of musical subject matter appropriate for students in grades five and six. The materials are presented in six sections. "Rhythmic Experiences" introduces students to a variety of meters and rhythms through…

  9. Cowboys Count, Monkeys Measure, and Princesses Problem Solve: Building Early Math Skills through Storybooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilburne, Jane M.; Keat, Jane B.; Napoli, Mary P.

    2011-01-01

    Nervous about teaching math to young children? Too pressed for time to teach all of the math concepts children need to know? Now there's a practical, stress-free guide to one of the most effective ways to enhance children's mathematical thinking in pre-K-Grade 3--by weaving math concepts into storytime. Ready for any educator to pick up and start…

  10. Teacher Candidates' and Master Math Teachers' Personal Concepts about Teaching Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Barba A.; Fry, Jane; Klages, Carol

    2008-01-01

    "I really don't like mathematics, but I can teach it to elementary students without any problem." These words are frequently voiced by elementary teacher candidates. "It's just elementary school math it's not like I'm teaching anything really difficult. Otherwise, no way would I do it." These words are powerful in terms of teacher beliefs about…

  11. Teaching Language Arts, Math, and Science to Students with Significant Cognitive Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browder, Diane M., Ed.; Spooner, Fred, Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Under NCLB, students with severe disabilities are expected to make progress on state academic content standards in language arts, math, and science. But what material should educators teach from these three content areas, and how should they teach it? With this groundbreaking textbook, future educators will finally have the answers they need. The…

  12. Student Math Achievement and Out-of-Field Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Jason G.; Dalton, Ben

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the distribution of math teachers with a major or certification in math using data from the National Center for Education Statistics' High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09). The authors discuss the limitations of existing data sources for measuring teacher qualifications, such as the Schools and Staffing…

  13. The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach For America and the Teaching Fellows Programs. NCEE 2013-4015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…

  14. Does Learning-Centered Teaching Promote Grade Improvement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mostrom, Alison M.; Blumberg, Phyllis

    2012-01-01

    When the grade distribution within a course shifts towards higher grades, it may be due to grade inflation or grade improvement. If the positive shift is accompanied by an increase in achievement or learning, it should be considered grade improvement, "not" grade inflation. Effective learning-centered teaching is designed to promote student…

  15. Knowing is half the battle: teaching stereotype threat as a means of improving women's math performance.

    PubMed

    Johns, Michael; Schmader, Toni; Martens, Andy

    2005-03-01

    We tested whether informing women about stereotype threat is a useful intervention to improve their performance in a threatening testing situation. Men and women completed difficult math problems described either as a problem-solving task or as a math test. In a third (teaching-intervention) condition, the test was also described as a math test, but participants were additionally informed that stereotype threat could interfere with women's math performance. Results showed that women performed worse than men when the problems were described as a math test (and stereotype threat was not discussed), but did not differ from men in the problem-solving condition or in the condition in which they learned about stereotype threat. For women, attributing anxiety to gender stereotypes was associated with lower performance in the math-test condition but improved performance in the teaching-intervention condition. The results suggest that teaching about stereotype threat might offer a practical means of reducing its detrimental effects. PMID:15733195

  16. Middle School Math Acceleration and Equitable Access to Eighth-Grade Algebra: Evidence from the Wake County Public School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Shaun M.; Goodman, Joshua S.; Hill, Darryl V.; Litke, Erica G.; Page, Lindsay C.

    2015-01-01

    Taking algebra by eighth grade is considered an important milestone on the pathway to college readiness. We highlight a collaboration to investigate one district's effort to increase middle school algebra course-taking. In 2010, the Wake County Public Schools began assigning middle school students to accelerated math and eighth-grade algebra based…

  17. Attracting students and professionals into math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades: Final report, September 1, 1992--February 28, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    Flick, L.B.

    1995-12-31

    This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include documenting activities and procedures for the purposes of evaluation and dissemination of descriptive information, generating case studies of the students going through this program to provide research and evaluation data on the process of attracting technically qualified people into elementary and middle school teaching, establishing a program of mentoring between scientists, engineers, and mathematicians and prospective teachers in the program, and establishing a program of mentoring between master teachers in area schools and prospective teachers.

  18. WWC Review of the Report "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater…

  19. WWC Review of the Report "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 study, "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Programs," examined whether students taught by teachers in the "Teach for America" ("TFA") and "The New Teacher Project Teaching Fellows" ("Teaching Fellows") programs had greater…

  20. Instant Math Storymats with Hands-on Activities for Building Essential Primary Math Skills, Grades K-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spann, Mary Beth

    This book contains 18 reproducible Math Storymats which can be a refreshing addition to any early elementary math program. Each storymat is accompanied by two separate read-aloud story selections that guide children in using plastic disk-shaped markers to interact with the mats in specific and open-ended ways. Together the mats and the…

  1. Instant Math Storymats with Hands-on Activities for Building Essential Primary Math Skills, Grades K-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spann, Mary Beth

    This book contains 18 reproducible Math Storymats which can be a refreshing addition to any early elementary math program. Each storymat is accompanied by two separate read-aloud story selections that guide children in using plastic disk-shaped markers to interact with the mats in specific and open-ended ways. Together the mats and the…

  2. NAEP Scores Put Spotlight on Standards: Flat Math Results Also Spur Calls for Teaching Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2009-01-01

    Fourth grade math scores stagnated for the first time in two decades on a prominent nationwide test, prompting calls for new efforts to improve teacher content knowledge and stirring discussion of the potential benefits of setting more-uniform academic standards across states. The results on the National Assessment of Educational Progress,…

  3. NAEP Scores Put Spotlight on Standards: Flat Math Results Also Spur Calls for Teaching Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2009-01-01

    Fourth grade math scores stagnated for the first time in two decades on a prominent nationwide test, prompting calls for new efforts to improve teacher content knowledge and stirring discussion of the potential benefits of setting more-uniform academic standards across states. The results on the National Assessment of Educational Progress,…

  4. A Survey Study of Early Childhood Teachers' Beliefs and Confidence about Teaching Early Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jie-Qi; McCray, Jennifer; Adams, Margaret; Leow, Christine

    2014-01-01

    This study reports on results from the Early Mathematics Beliefs and Confidence Survey, administered to 346 preschool teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest. Survey results depict a much more positive view of teachers' beliefs and confidence in early math teaching than previously reported. Results also suggest that teacher…

  5. A Survey Study of Early Childhood Teachers' Beliefs and Confidence about Teaching Early Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jie-Qi; McCray, Jennifer; Adams, Margaret; Leow, Christine

    2014-01-01

    This study reports on results from the Early Mathematics Beliefs and Confidence Survey, administered to 346 preschool teachers in a large public school system in the Midwest. Survey results depict a much more positive view of teachers' beliefs and confidence in early math teaching than previously reported. Results also suggest that teacher…

  6. Under Construction: Benchmark Assessments and Common Core Math Implementation in Grades K-8. Formative Evaluation Cycle Report for the Math in Common Initiative, Volume 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flaherty, John, Jr.; Sobolew-Shubin, Alexandria; Heredia, Alberto; Chen-Gaddini, Min; Klarin, Becca; Finkelstein, Neal D.

    2014-01-01

    Math in Common® (MiC) is a five-year initiative that supports a formal network of 10 California school districts as they implement the Common Core State Standards in mathematics (CCSS-M) across grades K-8. As the MiC initiative moves into its second year, one of the central activities that each of the districts is undergoing to support CCSS…

  7. An Alternative Path to Becoming a Successful Middle Grades Math and Science Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeanpierre, Bobby; Lewis, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In 2003, the University of Central Florida began a Transition to Mathematics and Science Teaching (T-MAST) program, a one-year, fast-track program that prepares and certifies bachelor's degree holders who will work as teachers in a job-sharing paid internship, while completing a Master of Arts degree in middle grades (5-9) mathematics education or…

  8. Effect of Computer-Aided Instruction on Attitude and Achievement of Fifth Grade Math Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoemaker, Traci L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study was to test theories of constructivism and motivation, along with research-based teaching practices of differentiating instruction and instructing within a child's Zone of Proximal Development, in measuring the effect of computer-aided instruction on fifth grade students'…

  9. An Alternative Path to Becoming a Successful Middle Grades Math and Science Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeanpierre, Bobby; Lewis, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In 2003, the University of Central Florida began a Transition to Mathematics and Science Teaching (T-MAST) program, a one-year, fast-track program that prepares and certifies bachelor's degree holders who will work as teachers in a job-sharing paid internship, while completing a Master of Arts degree in middle grades (5-9) mathematics education or…

  10. Effect of Computer-Aided Instruction on Attitude and Achievement of Fifth Grade Math Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shoemaker, Traci L.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group study was to test theories of constructivism and motivation, along with research-based teaching practices of differentiating instruction and instructing within a child's Zone of Proximal Development, in measuring the effect of computer-aided instruction on fifth grade students'…

  11. Comparing the Achievement Patterns of Native Hawaiian and Non-Native Hawaiian Grade 8 Students in Reading and Math. Issues & Answers. REL 2012-No. 120

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammond, Ormond W.; Wilson, Melly; Barros, Corrin

    2011-01-01

    Native Hawaiian students represent the largest single ethnic group in Hawai'i, at 27 percent of the student population in 2008/09. This REL Pacific report, "Comparing the Achievement Patterns of Native Hawaiian and Non-Native Hawaiian Grade 8 Students in Reading and Math," reports the reading and math proficiency rates of grade 8 Native Hawaiian…

  12. The Effect of Direct Instruction Strategy on Math Achievement of Primary 4th and 5th Grade Students with Learning Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Makahleh, Ahmad Abdulhameed Aufan

    2011-01-01

    This study seeks to verify the effect of direct instruction strategy on Math achievment of students with learning difficulties in the fourth and fifth grade levels and measure the improvement in their attitudes to Mathematics. Sample consisted of sixty (60) students with Math learning difficulties attending 4th and 5th grade level resource rooms…

  13. A Can of Coke Leads to a Piece of Pi: A Professional Development Exercise for Educators Is an Adaptable Math Lesson for Many Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Marilyn

    2004-01-01

    Teaching teachers to become observers and inquirers into mathematics will help change how they teach math to students. Essential to all professional development in mathematics is the idea that making sense of mathematics is key to learning. Just as learning to read calls for bringing meaning to the printed page, learning math calls for bringing…

  14. Contextual Factors Related to Math Anxiety in Second-Grade Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jameson, Molly M.

    2014-01-01

    As the United States falls farther behind other countries in standardized math assessments, the author seeks to understand why U.S. students perform so poorly. One of the possible explanations to U.S. students' poor math performance may be math anxiety. However, math anxiety in elementary school children is a neglected area in the research.…

  15. Contextual Factors Related to Math Anxiety in Second-Grade Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jameson, Molly M.

    2014-01-01

    As the United States falls farther behind other countries in standardized math assessments, the author seeks to understand why U.S. students perform so poorly. One of the possible explanations to U.S. students' poor math performance may be math anxiety. However, math anxiety in elementary school children is a neglected area in the research.…

  16. Upper Elementary Math Lessons: Case Studies of Real Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graeber, Anna O.; Valli, Linda; Newton, Kristie Jones

    2011-01-01

    Engaging students in worthwhile learning requires more than a knowledge of underlying principles of good teaching. It demands considerable practice as well as images of what good teaching in particular situations and for particular purposes might look like. This volume provides these images. These cases were written from authentic, unrehearsed…

  17. Upper Elementary Math Lessons: Case Studies of Real Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graeber, Anna O.; Valli, Linda; Newton, Kristie Jones

    2011-01-01

    Engaging students in worthwhile learning requires more than a knowledge of underlying principles of good teaching. It demands considerable practice as well as images of what good teaching in particular situations and for particular purposes might look like. This volume provides these images. These cases were written from authentic, unrehearsed…

  18. A Case Study Approach to Increasing Teachers' Mathematics Knowledge for Teaching and Strategies for Building Students' Maths Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, T.; Harris, G.; Aguirre-Munoz, Z.; Cobbs, L.

    2009-01-01

    Teachers of middle school mathematics should have a deep conceptual understanding of the elementary mathematics taught in middle school, should possess the mathematics knowledge for teaching that is required to effectively teach mathematics in middle school and should have the ability to effectively teach mathematics to, and enhance the maths

  19. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 8, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Built around a theme of communities in the nation, this teacher's guide for unit eight of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking children in grade three contains both learning and assessment activities. This unit addresses what the elements are, how needs and wants are satisfied, how change occurs, and what the results of change are. The guide…

  20. The Effectiveness of the Rocket Math Program for Improving Basic Multiplication Fact Fluency in Fifth Grade Students: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rave, Kristen; Golightly, Amy F.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the impact of a commercially available math fluency intervention program on the basic multiplication fluency of three classrooms of fifth grade students. Baseline assessment and progress monitoring of thirty-three regular- and eleven special education students occurred over nine weeks. Within-group analyses revealed significant…

  1. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 7, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional and assessment activities for unit seven of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking students in grade three focus on the extended community. Activities support four spiraling questions on the elements, wants and needs, change occurrence, and results of change. For each activity, the focus, objective, and materials needed are…

  2. The Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Motivation and Engagement in Fifth-Grade Gifted Math and Music Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Merissa R.; Pickett, Matt T.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this action research project report was to increase student motivation and engagement. There seemed to be an increasing disconnect between student potential and performance, especially among gifted math and beginning music students. Two teacher researchers carried out this research with 25 fifth-grade students at two different sites…

  3. Boys' and Girls' Weight Status and Math Performance from Kindergarten Entry through Fifth Grade: A Mediated Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gable, Sara; Krull, Jennifer L.; Chang, Yiting

    2012-01-01

    This study tests a mediated model of boys' and girls' weight status and math performance with 6,250 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Five data points spanning kindergarten entry (mean age = 68.46 months) through fifth grade (mean age = 134.60 months) were analyzed. Three weight status groups were identified: persistent…

  4. The Effectiveness of the Rocket Math Program for Improving Basic Multiplication Fact Fluency in Fifth Grade Students: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rave, Kristen; Golightly, Amy F.

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the impact of a commercially available math fluency intervention program on the basic multiplication fluency of three classrooms of fifth grade students. Baseline assessment and progress monitoring of thirty-three regular- and eleven special education students occurred over nine weeks. Within-group analyses revealed significant…

  5. Boys' and Girls' Weight Status and Math Performance from Kindergarten Entry through Fifth Grade: A Mediated Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gable, Sara; Krull, Jennifer L.; Chang, Yiting

    2012-01-01

    This study tests a mediated model of boys' and girls' weight status and math performance with 6,250 children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Five data points spanning kindergarten entry (mean age = 68.46 months) through fifth grade (mean age = 134.60 months) were analyzed. Three weight status groups were identified: persistent…

  6. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 8, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Built around a theme of communities in the nation, this teacher's guide for unit eight of a science/math strand for Spanish-speaking children in grade three contains both learning and assessment activities. This unit addresses what the elements are, how needs and wants are satisfied, how change occurs, and what the results of change are. The guide…

  7. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional and assessment activities in unit three of a Spanish science/math curriculum for first graders are built around the central theme of the school. Kits 9-12, each designed for a two to three week teaching period, contain activities which also support who the child is, what his needs and wants are, what his resources are, and how he…

  8. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional and assessment activities in unit three of a Spanish science/math curriculum for first graders are built around the central theme of the school. Kits 9-12, each designed for a two to three week teaching period, contain activities which also support who the child is, what his needs and wants are, what his resources are, and how he…

  9. The Impact of a Computer Based Math Instruction Program on Fifth Grade Student Academic Performance on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills in One School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abel, Brian B.

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the differences between two groups of fifth grade students' performance on the 2010 fifth grade Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) math test. The sample consisted of a group of fifth grade students receiving the traditional instruction from their classroom teacher and a group of fifth grade

  10. An Analysis of Language Arts Teaching Practices in Grade Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacNaughton, Dolores Elaine

    This study surveyed the teaching practices of instructors of grade six language arts in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Teacher characteristics of (sex, number of university courses in language arts, length of teaching experience, and number of language arts inservice courses) were correlated with the frequency of use of selected teaching practices. One…

  11. Learn about Seabirds. Teaching Packet, Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish and Wildlife Service (Dept. of Interior), Anchorage, AK.

    This teaching packet is designed to teach Alaskan students in grades 4-6 about Alaska's seabird populations, the worldwide significance of seabirds, and the environmental conditions to which seabirds are sensitive. The packet includes a curriculum guide (containing a teacher's background story and 12 teaching activities), a separately published…

  12. Teaching Partnerships: Early Childhood and Engineering Students Teaching Math and Science through Robotics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology…

  13. ''Math in a Can'': Teaching Mathematics and Engineering Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narode, Ronald B.

    2011-01-01

    Using an apparently simple problem, ''Design a cylindrical can that will hold a liter of milk,'' this paper demonstrates how engineering design may facilitate the teaching of the following ideas to secondary students: linear and non-linear relationships; basic geometry of circles, rectangles, and cylinders; unit measures of area and volume;…

  14. ''Math in a Can'': Teaching Mathematics and Engineering Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Narode, Ronald B.

    2011-01-01

    Using an apparently simple problem, ''Design a cylindrical can that will hold a liter of milk,'' this paper demonstrates how engineering design may facilitate the teaching of the following ideas to secondary students: linear and non-linear relationships; basic geometry of circles, rectangles, and cylinders; unit measures of area and volume;…

  15. The long-term impact of a math, science and technology program on grade school girls

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sullivan, Sandra Judd

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a math, science, and technology intervention program improved grade school girls' attitudes and stereotypes toward science and scientists, as well as participation levels in science-related activities, two years after their participating in the program. The intervention program evaluated was Operation SMART, developed by Girls Incorporated. Participants were recruited from the 6th and 7th grades from two public middle schools in Northern California. One hundred twenty-seven girls signed up for the survey and were assigned to either the SMART group (previous SMART participants) or Non-SMART group (no previous experience with SMART). The survey consisted of five parts: (1) a background information sheet, (2) the Modified Attitudes Toward Science Inventory, (3) the What Do You Do? survey, (4) the Draw-A-Scientist Test-Revised, and (5) a career interests and role models/influencer survey. Results indicated that there were no significant differences between the SMART and Non-SMART groups on any of the test measures. However, middle school attended did have a significant effect on the outcome variables. Girls from Middle School A reported more positive attitudes toward science, while girls from Middle School B reported higher participation levels in extracurricular science activities. Possible explanations for these findings suggest too much time had passed between treatment effect and time of measurement as well as the strong influence of teacher and school environment on girls' attitudes and stereotypes. Recommendations for future research are discussed.

  16. Measuring Math Growth: Implications for Progress Monitoring. Research Brief 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alonzo, Julie; Irvin, P. Shawn

    2013-01-01

    Achievement growth in math is often framed in the context of monitoring student progress within a Response to Intervention (RTI) approach to teaching and learning. In this research brief we report on a study that examined initial status and within-year growth for fourth grade students who received short progress-monitoring assessments in math

  17. Expedition Zenith: Experiences of eighth grade girls in a non-traditional math/science program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulm, Barbara Jean

    2004-11-01

    This qualitative study describes the experiences of a group of sixteen, eighth grade girls participating in a single-sex, math/science program based on gender equity research and constructivist theory. This phenomenological case study highlights the individual changes each girl perceives in herself as a result of her involvement in this program which was based at a suburban middle school just north of New York City. Described in narrative form is what took place during this single-sex program. At the start of the program the girls worked cooperatively in groups to build canoes. The canoes were then used to study a wetland during the final days of the program. To further immerse the participants into nature, the girls also camped during these final days. Data were collected from a number of sources to uncover, as fully as possible, the true essence of the program and the girls' experiences in it. The data collection methods included direct observation; in-depth, open-ended interviews; and written documentation. As a result of data collection, the girls' perceived outcomes and assessment of the program, as well as their recommendations for future math/science programs are revealed. The researcher in this study also acted as teacher, directing the program, and as participant to better understand the experiences of the girls involved in the program. Thus, unique insights could be made. The findings in this study provide insight into the learning of the participants, as well as into the relationships they formed both inside and outside of the program. Their perceived experiences and assessment of the program were then used to develop a greater understanding as to the effectiveness of this non-traditional program. Although this study echoed much of what research says about the needs of girls in learning situations, and therefore, reinforces previously accepted beliefs, it also reveals significant findings in areas previously unaddressed by gender studies. For example, when girls feel supported they can experience success in math and science-based projects that are challenging, especially when such projects offer an opportunity to appreciate a sense of real-life relevancy. Positive effects can be seen when such projects build upon previous student experiences. But when an experience is new, investigating a scientific phenomenon in a less structured manner before developing more in-depth, formal studies provides an initial foundation upon which to build. Also, this study emphasizes the need for role models. Both teacher and parent involvement play a very important role in a girl's development.

  18. Reinforcing Math Knowledge by Immersing Students in a Simulated Learning-By-Teaching Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenat, Douglas B.; Durlach, Paula J.

    2014-01-01

    We often understand something only after we've had to teach or explain it to someone else. Learning-by-teaching (LBT) systems exploit this phenomenon by playing the role of "tutee." BELLA, our sixth-grade mathematics LBT systems, departs from other LTB systems in several ways: (1) It was built not from scratch but by very slightly…

  19. Reinforcing Math Knowledge by Immersing Students in a Simulated Learning-By-Teaching Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenat, Douglas B.; Durlach, Paula J.

    2014-01-01

    We often understand something only after we've had to teach or explain it to someone else. Learning-by-teaching (LBT) systems exploit this phenomenon by playing the role of "tutee." BELLA, our sixth-grade mathematics LBT systems, departs from other LTB systems in several ways: (1) It was built not from scratch but by very slightly…

  20. Curbing "Math Anxiety" with Galileo While Teaching Physicists, too

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwartz, Brian P.

    2006-12-01

    Carthage College's introductory physics course caters to both freshmen in our program and students in general education. While "Understandings of Physics" is a conceptual overview of our discipline, physical science is necessarily quantitative. Galileo's "Dialogue Concerning the Two New Sciences" provides us with a novel way to teach the fundamentals of motion both to students who "fear" mathematics, as well as those who are adept at solving algebraic equations.

  1. The Sum of All Fears: The Effects of Math Anxiety on Math Achievement in Fifth Grade Students and the Implications for School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruff, Sarah E.; Boes, Susan R.

    2014-01-01

    Low math achievement is a recurring weakness in many students. Math anxiety is a persistent and significant theme to math avoidance and low achievement. Causes for math anxiety include social, cognitive, and academic factors. Interventions to reduce math anxiety are limited as they exclude the expert skills of professional school counselors to…

  2. The Effect of Cognitively Guided Instruction on Primary Students' Math Achievement, Problem-Solving Abilities and Teacher Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medrano, Juan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to impact the teaching and learning of math of 2nd through 4th grade math students at Porfirio H. Gonzales Elementary School. The Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) model serves as the independent variable for this study. Its intent is to promote math instruction that emphasizes problem-solving to a greater degree…

  3. The Effect of Cognitively Guided Instruction on Primary Students' Math Achievement, Problem-Solving Abilities and Teacher Questioning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medrano, Juan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to impact the teaching and learning of math of 2nd through 4th grade math students at Porfirio H. Gonzales Elementary School. The Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) model serves as the independent variable for this study. Its intent is to promote math instruction that emphasizes problem-solving to a greater degree…

  4. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach for America and the Teaching Fellows Program"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The study examined the impact of Teach for America (TFA) and The New Teacher Project's Teaching Fellows (TF) programs on the mathematics achievement of students in grades 6-12. TFA and TF provide alternative routes to teacher certification and aim to provide high-quality teachers to schools in low-income areas. TFA and TF were studied separately,…

  5. Math Birds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swope, Darcy M.

    2008-01-01

    Times change in education, and the recent focus on math enrichment has led to the development of new ideas that integrated math with art. This article describes a "hands-on" activity where the concept of fractions is made more "real" to first-grade students. (Contains 1 online resource.)

  6. The Unintended Consequences of Grading Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Holly

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the possibility of a "Teaching Assessment Exercise" and attempts to quantify teaching quality as part of performance management schemes for academics. The primary sources of data are identified as student evaluation of teaching (SET) and peer observation of teaching (POT). The conceptual and empirical issues in developing…

  7. The Unintended Consequences of Grading Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Holly

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the possibility of a "Teaching Assessment Exercise" and attempts to quantify teaching quality as part of performance management schemes for academics. The primary sources of data are identified as student evaluation of teaching (SET) and peer observation of teaching (POT). The conceptual and empirical issues in developing…

  8. Project Math-Co. Career Based Math Text Book Produced Entirely by Eighth Grade Students at Wiscasset Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiscasset Middle School, ME.

    This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…

  9. Project Math-Co. Career Based Math Text Book Produced Entirely by Eighth Grade Students at Wiscasset Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiscasset Middle School, ME.

    This career-based mathematics text book was written for eighth grade students by eighth grade students at Wiscasset Middle School, Wiscasset, Maine. The text has an innovative format and features interviews with various townspeople of Wiscasset concerning their occupations; from the interviews, information is presented about training needed,…

  10. A quantitative examination of school configurations in Tennessee using sixth grade math, reading, science, and social studies standardized test scores

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramsey, Whitney J.

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in standardized test scores, expressed as percentage passing, in math, reading-language arts, science, and social studies by comparing 6th grade students in K--8 schools with those in 6--8 schools. The data were gathered from an analysis of 6th grade students' scores on the 2006--2007 TCAP standardized assessment test in the state of Tennessee. The relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient, proficient, or advanced level in each subject area was examined. The analysis was based on 5 research questions. A t-test for independent samples was used to identify the relationships between the independent variables, configuration of the school (K--8 or 6--8), and the dependent variables, the percent of students scoring below proficient, proficient, or advanced. A chi square analysis was used to identify the relationship between the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP. The study showed no relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level in math, reading-language arts, and social studies. Similarly, there was not a significant difference between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level in math and reading-language arts and the advanced level in math, reading-language arts, and science. However, there was a significant relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level and the proficient level in science and the percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level and advanced level in social studies. In science, a lower percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored below proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In science, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In social studies, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. However, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in 6--8 schools scored advanced than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. The study showed a significant difference in the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP.

  11. Math and Reading Differences between 6-8 and K-8 Grade Span Configurations: A Multiyear, Statewide Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, David M.; Slate, John R.; Combs, Julie P.; Moore, George W.

    2013-01-01

    We analyzed the effect of grade span configurations (i.e., 6-8 versus K-8) on reading and math performance in Texas public schools for the last 5 school years. Participants in this study were 628 Texas schools (i.e., 314 middle schools and 314 K-8 schools) distributed across the 5 school years examined. Schools configured as K-8 schools were…

  12. WWC Review of the Report "A Multisite Cluster Randomized Trial of the Effects of CompassLearning 'Odyssey[R] Math' on the Math Achievement of Selected Grade 4 Students in the Mid-Atlantic Region"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The study featured in this What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) Quick Review examined whether exposure to "Odyssey[R] Math," a web-based mathematics curriculum and assessment tool, improved mathematics achievement of fourth-grade students. The study analyzed data from 2,456 fourth-grade students in 122 classrooms in 32 elementary schools in Delaware,…

  13. Effective Teaching and Student Independence at Grade 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayres, Paul; Sawyer, Wayne; Dinham, Steve

    This study investigated how five Australian teachers, who were considered to be exemplary in helping students develop independence, influenced and guided their students to extremely high grades in 12th grade. Teachers were observed teaching a lesson and then interviewed. The interviews asked them to identify successful outcomes of the lesson and…

  14. Accountability: Teaching through Assessment and Feedback, Not Grading

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormeli, Rick

    2006-01-01

    Grading policies such as refusing to accept late work, giving grades of zero, and refusing to allow students to redo their work may be intended as punishment for poor performance, but such policies will not really teach students to be accountable, and they provide very little useful information about students' mastery of the material. This article…

  15. Focus in Grade 8: Teaching with Curriculum Focal Points

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schielack, Jane

    2010-01-01

    This book describes and illustrates learning paths for the mathematical concepts and skills of each grade 8 Focal Point as presented in Curriculum Focal Points for Prekindergarten through Grade 8 Mathematics. It includes representational supports for teaching and learning that can facilitate understanding, stimulate productive discussions about…

  16. Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

    2010-01-01

    Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…

  17. Science Teaching Methods Preferred by Grade 9 Students in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Uitto, Anna; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

    2010-01-01

    Students find science relevant to society, but they do not find school science interesting. This survey study analyzes Finnish grade 9 students' actual experiences with science teaching methods and their preferences for how they would like to study science. The survey data were collected from 3,626 grade 9 students (1,772 girls and 1,832 boys)…

  18. THE TEACHING OF LITERATURE, GRADES 7-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CRABB, ALFRED L., JR.; WARD, WILLIAM S.

    THE COMMITTEE ON STANDARDS OF THE KENTUCKY COUNCIL OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH PRODUCED A REPORT ON THE TEACHING OF LITERATURE, GRADES SEVEN THROUGH 12, WITH CONCRETE SUGGESTIONS FOR DEVELOPING APPRECIATION, PERCEPTION, AND A CRITICAL FRAMEWORK FOR LITERATURE. FOLLOWING AN OVERVIEW WHICH ASSESSES THE DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO THE TEACHING OF LITERATURE…

  19. The Effectiveness of Secondary Math Teachers from Teach For America and the Teaching Fellows Programs. Executive Summary. NCEE 2013-4016

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Melissa A.; Chiang, Hanley S.; Silva, Tim; McConnell, Sheena; Sonnenfeld, Kathy; Erbe, Anastasia; Puma, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Teach For America (TFA) and the Teaching Fellows programs are an important and growing source of teachers of hard-to-staff subjects in high-poverty schools, but comprehensive evidence of their effectiveness has been limited. This report presents findings from the first large-scale random assignment study of secondary math teachers from these…

  20. The "Responsive Classroom" Approach and Fifth Grade Students' Math and Science Anxiety and Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Merritt, Eileen G.; Patton, Christine L.

    2013-01-01

    Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as…

  1. The "Responsive Classroom" Approach and Fifth Grade Students' Math and Science Anxiety and Self-Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Merritt, Eileen G.; Patton, Christine L.

    2013-01-01

    Self-efficacy forecasts student persistence and achievement in challenging subjects. Thus, it is important to understand factors that contribute to students' self-efficacy, a key factor in their success in math and science. The current cross-sectional study examined the contribution of students' gender and math and science anxiety as well as…

  2. Using Math Apps for Improving Student Learning: An Exploratory Study in an Inclusive Fourth Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Meilan; Trussell, Robert P.; Gallegos, Benjamin; Asam, Rasmiyeh R.

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have seen a quick expansion of tablet computers in households and schools. One of the educational affordances of tablet computers is using math apps to engage students in mathematics learning. However, given the short history of the mobile devices, little research exists on the effectiveness of math apps, particularly for struggling…

  3. Math Intervention: Building Number Power with Formative Assessments, Differentiation, and Games, Grades PreK-2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor-Cox, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Useful for small groups or one-on-one instruction, this book offers successful math interventions and response to intervention (RTI) connections. Teachers will learn to target math instruction to struggling students by: (1) Diagnosing weaknesses; (2) Providing specific, differentiated instruction; (3) Using formative assessments; (4) Offering…

  4. Using Math Apps for Improving Student Learning: An Exploratory Study in an Inclusive Fourth Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Meilan; Trussell, Robert P.; Gallegos, Benjamin; Asam, Rasmiyeh R.

    2015-01-01

    Recent years have seen a quick expansion of tablet computers in households and schools. One of the educational affordances of tablet computers is using math apps to engage students in mathematics learning. However, given the short history of the mobile devices, little research exists on the effectiveness of math apps, particularly for struggling…

  5. The Relationship of Peer Collaboration on Third Grade Student Math Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilgus, Brandi Colleen Percifield

    The purpose of this study was to provide statistical evidence to demonstrate that peer collaboration on math homework increases academic performance in math. This study examined the benefits of peer collaboration on two unit tests on multiplication. It compared the results of students who worked collaboratively on homework and those who did not.…

  6. Math as a Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, Dara V.

    2000-01-01

    Provides a rationale for approaching mathematics as a second language. Gives teaching suggestions: begin in early childhood, stress similarities between math and language, use spoken math before written, use authentic assessment, and focus on real-life math use. (SK)

  7. Social Studies Grade 3: Teaching Systems I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.

    This publication has been prepared by the Curriculum Development Center (The University of the State of New York) in response to many requests from teachers for help in implementing the new social studies. Suggestions are given for the teaching materials which are available for use in such teaching. The nature of the relationship between man and…

  8. China: A Teaching Unit for Primary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClain, Janet; And Others

    Understanding the culture of other nations contributes to the development of responsible citizens in a democratic society. A classroom teaching team proved these activities to be successful. Five initial lessons introduce students to the study of China by teaching Chinese geography. To enhance cultural understanding, 10 additional lessons focus on…

  9. Measuring the Teaching Self-Efficacy of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Graduate Teaching Assistants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeChenne, Sue Ellen; Enochs, Larry

    2010-01-01

    An instrument to measure the teaching self-efficacy of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) GTAs is adapted from a general college teaching instrument (Prieto Navarro, 2005) for the specific teaching environment of the STEM GTAs. The construct and content validity and reliability of the final instrument are indicated. The final…

  10. Achievement Gap Patterns of Grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native Students in Reading and Math. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 073

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    This document presents a summary of a larger report that focuses on student proficiency reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07. The report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and…

  11. Achievement Gap Patterns of Grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native Students in Reading and Math. Issues & Answers. REL 2009-No. 073

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Steven; Greenough, Richard; Sage, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    Focusing on student proficiency in reading and math from 2003-04 to 2006-07, this report compares gaps in performance on state achievement tests between grade 8 American Indian and Alaska Native students and all other grade 8 students in 26 states serving large populations of American Indian and Alaska Native students. In response to a request by…

  12. The Relationship between Students' Performance on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and the Fourth and Fifth Grade Reading and Math Achievement Tests in Ohio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warnimont, Chad S.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the relationship between students' performance on the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and the fourth and fifth grade Reading and Math Achievement Tests in Ohio. The sample utilized students from a suburban school district in Northwest Ohio. Third grade CogAT scores (2006-2007 school year), 4th…

  13. Teaching Partnerships: Early Childhood and Engineering Students Teaching Math and Science Through Robotics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bers, Marina U.; Portsmore, Merredith

    2005-03-01

    This paper presents an innovative approach to introducing pre-service early childhood teachers to math, science and technology education. The approach involves the creation of partnerships between pre-service early childhood and engineering students to conceive, develop, implement and evaluate curriculum in the area of math, science and technology by using robotics and the engineering design process. In this paper we first present the theoretical framework for the creation of these partnerships. We then introduce an experience done at Tufts University in which three different forms of partnership models evolved: the collaborator's model, the external consultant's model and the developer's model. We also present different case studies from this experience and finally we conclude with some remarks and observations for making this work scalable and sustainable in other settings and universities.

  14. Examining the Effects of Math Teachers' Circles on Aspects of Teachers' Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Diana; Donaldson, Brianna; Hodge, Angie; Ruff, Adam

    2013-01-01

    Math Teachers' Circles have been spreading since their emergence in 2006. These professional development programs, aimed primarily at middle-level mathematics teachers (grades 5-9), focus on developing teachers' mathematical problem solving skills, in line with the Common Core State Standards-Standards of Mathematical Practice. Yet, to…

  15. The Development of Counting Cards: A New Maths Aid for Teaching Place Value, Addition and Subtraction up to 1 Million

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Christian

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a new maths aid for teaching place value, addition and subtraction up to 1 million. The need for a resource to help his wife understand place value motivated the author to create "Counting Cards". Here, he shares his invention, in the hope that it will help others. (Contains 4 figures.)

  16. Teaching the Classics in the Middle Grades: Connecting with the Roots of Western Civilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Robin H.

    1998-01-01

    At a New Jersey school, students spend one year studying each of three time periods: ancient Egypt in fourth grade; Greece in fifth grade; and Rome and the Middle Ages in sixth grade. The history curriculum becomes the focal point for other areas (art, music, drama, language arts, science, geography, and math). Teachers use primary sources and…

  17. Teaching the Classics in the Middle Grades: Connecting with the Roots of Western Civilization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Robin H.

    1998-01-01

    At a New Jersey school, students spend one year studying each of three time periods: ancient Egypt in fourth grade; Greece in fifth grade; and Rome and the Middle Ages in sixth grade. The history curriculum becomes the focal point for other areas (art, music, drama, language arts, science, geography, and math). Teachers use primary sources and…

  18. Teaching Literacy in Sixth Grade. Tools for Teaching Literacy Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Karen; Mraz, Maryann

    2005-01-01

    Sixth grade marks the transition to middle school and, for many students, the transition to early adolescence. The sixth-grade classroom is a place where problem-solving and abstract thinking skills can flourish as teachers devise creative ways to integrate language arts with effective content-area instruction. This book walks the reader through…

  19. Co-Teaching Math Content and Math Pedagogy for Elementary Pre-Service Teachers: A Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Pari; Strawhecker, Jane

    2011-01-01

    With a national need to improve Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education (STEM), elementary pre-service teachers must be provided with ample opportunities to increase their own knowledge and confidence in STEM disciplines. This article describes a Math Block experience developed for a special population of non-traditional…

  20. Origami in Education Enhanced by Computer Technology: A Case Study of Teaching Hexaflexagon in Math Class

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Wenwu

    This paper reports an experience of the author teaching high school 3D geometry with origami. In this case, students were originally expected to construct a 3D-hexaflexagon by imitating video tape so that they can understand some related math concepts better. However students demonstrated strong willing of exploring the concerned enchanting paper craft. They did not want to just memorize the folding procedures or be limited within verifying some math concepts. The teacher had then to extend the class time to 2 class periods, so that a series of creative activities are invited in. After the primary goals have been reached, two extra activities were launched. First, by exploring a torus forming animation, they explored a different algorithm of forming a hexaflexagon. Secondly, when another animation of Hexaflexagon made by the teacher was presented, the students can then explore the function of the slope of the creases. Some smart students found hexaflexagons with different shape or even different type. So the thinking level of the students reached the highest creating level by curriculum re-design. This case study comes to the conclusions that origami as well as good questions motivate students' higher level thinking. As students' scaffolds, video and animation technology are essential in helping the learners understanding origami in right perspectives.

  1. Teaching Environmental Pollution, Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phoenix Union High School District, AZ.

    This guide is activity oriented and designed to provide environmental experiences for children in grades four through six which will involve them in making value judgments relative to their own community. Content covers problems dealing with air pollution, water pollution, solid wastes, and the aesthetics of visual pollution. Five to fourteen…

  2. Teaching Vocabulary and Morphology in Intermediate Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palumbo, Anthony; Kramer-Vida, Louisa; Hunt, Carolyn V.

    2015-01-01

    Direct vocabulary instruction of Tier 2 and Tier 3 words in intermediate-grade curricula is an important tool of literacy instruction because English is a language grafted from many roots and has not developed a one-to-one phoneme-grapheme correspondence. In addition to knowing graphemes and phonemes, students must formally learn words that cross…

  3. Social Studies, Grade 3. Teaching Systems II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.

    The overall social studies recommended program is described in SO 000 675; the nature of this guide, and the emphasis and organization of the units are described in SO 000 679. The three units in this part of the third grade course are: Tropical Rainforest, Mountain Communities, and Grassland Communities involving the typical climatic conditions,…

  4. Retired Chemists Teach Grade School Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1986

    1986-01-01

    Retired chemists in Delaware have become involved in volunteer program to teach science to elementary and secondary students. A description of the program is provided. Also provided are descriptions of five lessons developed for the program. One of the lessons deals with birthday candles. (JN)

  5. Do I Have to Teach Math? Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers' Fears of Teaching Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Alan B.; Latham, Nancy I.; Kim, Jin-ah

    2013-01-01

    Eighty-nine early childhood pre-service teachers were asked to identify their specific fears towards mathematics and explain why they had those specific fears. The results showed that they possess a wide variety of fears towards mathematics including having a lack of confidence in their teaching ability, a lack of teaching methods, an inability to…

  6. Teaching About India. A Guide for Ninth Grade Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    The teaching and resource guide on India for ninth grade students is intended to supplement and enrich "Social Studies 9: Asian and African Culture." It is designed as a flexible set of suggestions for incorporating concepts, understandings, objectives, strategies, and available materials. Emphasis is upon inductive methods which encourage…

  7. Teaching Economics through Children's Literature in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Yana V.; Hawthorne, Shelby; Wheeler, Ronald C.

    2007-01-01

    Primary-grade students can gain exposure to a wide range of economic concepts in state standards if teachers use reading strategies that embrace children's literature with economic content. This approach allows teachers to teach their students reading strategies and economics simultaneously. Almost all states have content standards in economics,…

  8. Teaching Gifted Students Literature in Grades Seven through Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covey, Barbara L.

    Prepared for use by teachers of mentally gifted students in grades 7 through 9, the booklet offers a curriculum design for the teaching of literature. Considered is the difficult developmental stage in late childhood and early adolescence when children begin to assert their roles as individuals and often have no adult model other than the friendly…

  9. Physical Education Teaching Units for Program Development, Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Logsdon, Bette J.; And Others

    This teaching manual features instructional units prepared specifically for kindergarten through the third grade. These units focus on dance, games, and gymnastics and serve as realisitc materials to assist teachers in the time-consuming task of developing effective physical education programs. Every unit contains specific objectives that pinpoint…

  10. Teaching of Administrative Law in the New Grade of Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DomĂ­nguez Alonso, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    The teaching of Administrative Law in the new grade of law poses numerous challenges and opportunities in the new model of Bologna. It's really important work of research and students in class presentations. It is also important to motivate students to study the issues and cases brought before classes and to use virtual platforms to interact with…

  11. Gobble Up Math: Fun Activities To Complete and Eat for Kids in Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mogard, Sue; McDonnell, Ginny

    This book uses foods as catalysts for learning mathematical concepts. Each hands-on activity in this math center suggests accessible, healthful, and easy-to-prepare foods to be used in school or at home. An introduction to parents and teachers includes supplies list, gobble-up germs poster, and food guide pyramid and serving information. The…

  12. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Designed to help the teacher in presenting the material of unit nine's science-math strand for third graders, this supplement and ditto packet contains both group visual aids and seatwork activities for individual students. Notations in the teacher's guide indicate when the supplementary materials should be used. Concepts explored in the four kits…

  13. Gobble Up Math: Fun Activities To Complete and Eat for Kids in Grades K-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mogard, Sue; McDonnell, Ginny

    This book uses foods as catalysts for learning mathematical concepts. Each hands-on activity in this math center suggests accessible, healthful, and easy-to-prepare foods to be used in school or at home. An introduction to parents and teachers includes supplies list, gobble-up germs poster, and food guide pyramid and serving information. The…

  14. The Effects of Balanced Math Instruction on the Holistic Mathematics Achievement of Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhoton, Stephanie

    2010-01-01

    Research suggests low mathematics achievement is due to unfocused, unbalanced methods of instruction teachers have used in traditional methods of instruction. Balanced mathematics programs were developed as an answer to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of traditional math instruction…

  15. The Predictive Validity of Critical Thinking Disposition on Middle-Grades Math Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaVenia, Mark; Pineau, Kristina N.; Lang, Laura B.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the predictive validity of students' levels of critical thinking disposition, as measured by the California Measure of Mental Motivation (CM3; Giancarlo, Blohm, & Urdan, 2004) for students' math achievement, as measured by the Mathematics assessment included in the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). The CM3 is a…

  16. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 4, Grade 2, Supplements & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Designed for use with unit four of the science/math strand for second graders, the supplement and ditto packet contain visuals, worksheets, and instructional aids referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. The brief introductions to kits 13-16 are written in both English and Spanish; all classroom materials for students are in…

  17. Mind-Bending Math and Science Activities for Gifted Students (For Grades K-12)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Callard-Szulgit, Rosemary; Szulgit, Greg Karl

    2005-01-01

    This book is a reference and guide for teachers and parents who may not be aware of the resources available to help their students succeed. This book examines the many aspects of gifted thinking in relation to math and science and features competitions and curricula that can be easily adapted to students lifestyles outside of the classroom.…

  18. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 1, Grade One, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Each of the four kits in this teacher's guide to a Spanish science/math strand for first graders provides for the development of mathematical competencies needed to function in science. Instructional and assessment activities in the bilingual curriculum are pupil centered, and contents are designed to enable the child to develop skills in the…

  19. Math on the Menu: Real-Life Problem Solving For Grades 3-5. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Jacqueline; Beals, Kevin; Bergman, Lincoln

    There is plenty of "math on the menu" in the series of activities featured in this book. Students help the Rosada family start a Mexican restaurant featuring a variety of tostadas. Over the course of the unit, students apply different problem-solving strategies as they plan and expand the menu, determine different combinations of ingredients,…

  20. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional aids and ditto masters for unit three of a science/math curriculum in Spanish for first graders are included in this supplement and ditto packet. Encompassing kits 9-12, these materials are designed for use with learning activities referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. Illustrations and materials for both…

  1. Math Literacy through French Language Learning: Connecting with the Common Core in the Lower Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis-Wiley, Patricia; Miller, Roy V.

    2013-01-01

    Among the reported proven positive results of early world Language (WL) study are improved cognitive abilities and "higher achievement test scores in reading and math" (Stewart: 11), which are expected student performance outcomes for the Common Core Standards. The future viability of Foreign Language in Elementary Schools (FLES)…

  2. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 9, Grade 3, Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional and assessment activities in science and math for third graders are presented in this teacher's guide to unit nine. Focus, objectives and materials for each activity are in English and Spanish, while teacher instructions are only in Spanish. The unit's theme is "the nation as a community"; related to the theme are the four spiraling…

  3. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 3, Grade One, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    Instructional aids and ditto masters for unit three of a science/math curriculum in Spanish for first graders are included in this supplement and ditto packet. Encompassing kits 9-12, these materials are designed for use with learning activities referred to in the teacher's guide corresponding to this unit. Illustrations and materials for both…

  4. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 6, Grade 2, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    The supplement and ditto packet to the science-math strand of unit six for second graders features visual materials to help the teacher carry out the instructional and assessment activities for the unit's four kits. Illustrations are provided to help stimulate oral language and conceptual development. Some are designed to be cut out for…

  5. Educational Investment, Family Context, and Children's Math and Reading Growth from Kindergarten through the Third Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheadle, Jacob E.

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, this study used IRT modeling to operationalize a measure of parental educational investments based on Lareau's notion of concerted cultivation. It used multilevel piece-wise growth models regressing children's math and reading achievement…

  6. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 8, Grade 3, Supplement & Ditto Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    A supplement to the teacher's guide for unit eight of a math/science strand for Spanish-speaking third graders, these instructional aids and ditto masters are designed to help the teacher carry out the instructional and assessment activities for kits 29-32. The guide gives the timetable for when these materials are to be used. Basic theme for the…

  7. Conversions Rock! Lessons & Worksheets to Build Skills in Equivalent Conversions. Poster/Teaching Guide. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Actuarial Foundation, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Welcome to Conversions Rock" is a new math program designed to build and reinforce the important skills of converting fractions, decimals, and percents for students in grades 6-8. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building, real-world math to help students become successful in the classroom and beyond. [A…

  8. Getting Manipulative about Math.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scheer, Janet K.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Math manipulatives that are made from inexpensive, common items help students understand basic mathematics concepts. Learning activities using Cheerios, jellybeans, and clay as teaching materials are suggested. (DF)

  9. Shake, Rattle, & Roll: Teaching Guide & Poster. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Actuarial Foundation, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Shake, Rattle, & Roll" is a new program developed by The Actuarial Foundation with Scholastic, provides dynamic real-world math content designed to build student skills while showing students the relevance of math to understanding their world and planning for their future. Math skills are increasingly important for students. According to the U.S.…

  10. Preparation, Placement, Proficiency: Improving Middle Grades Math Performance. Policy and Practice Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Trish; Haertel, Edward; Kirst, Michael W.; Rosin, Matthew; Perry, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Early in 2010, EdSource released a landmark study on middle grades education in California. "Gaining Ground in the Middle Grades" looked at the critical 6th- to 8th-grade years in the context of standards-based education. The analysis identified a comprehensive set of practices that differentiated higher from lower schoolwide academic achievement…

  11. Effect of Video Assisted Instruction on Parent, Teacher and Student Perceptions of a Quality 5th Grade Math Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Donald Roy

    2010-01-01

    This research has been conducted in response to struggling math students and parents who become frustrated while trying to help their student at home. A need remains for a treatment that can increase math success and lower the anxiety level associated with math. The rationale for this research is an attempt to increase students' math success by…

  12. Gender, Previous Knowledge, Personality Traits and Subject-Specific Motivation as Predictors of Students' Math Grade in Upper-Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peklaj, Cirila; Podlesek, Anja; Pecjak, Sonja

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between gender, previous knowledge, different personality traits, subject-specific motivational dimensions and students' math grade in secondary school. A total of 386 first-year students (142 boys and 244 girls) from secondary schools in Slovenia (mean age was 15.7 years) participated in the…

  13. The Effects of a Research Based Intervention on Math CCRCT Scores of NCLB Subgroups: Implementation of Successmaker(TM) in Eighth Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathis, Anita Cannon

    2010-01-01

    The research literature on computer based (assisted) instruction is mixed. Some researchers say it improves and motivates student achievement. Some researchers say it has no effect on learning. Alarmingly, the data on eighth grade performance in math is low across the United States. In the state of Georgia there are gaps in the performance of…

  14. Gender, Previous Knowledge, Personality Traits and Subject-Specific Motivation as Predictors of Students' Math Grade in Upper-Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peklaj, Cirila; Podlesek, Anja; Pecjak, Sonja

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between gender, previous knowledge, different personality traits, subject-specific motivational dimensions and students' math grade in secondary school. A total of 386 first-year students (142 boys and 244 girls) from secondary schools in Slovenia (mean age was 15.7 years) participated in the…

  15. The Use of Fuzzy Theory in Grading of Students in Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjelica, Momcilo; Rankovic, Dragica

    2010-01-01

    The development of computer science, statistics and other technological fields, give us more opportunities to improve the process of evaluation of degree of knowledge and achievements in a learning process of our students. More and more we are relying on the computer software to guide us in the grading process. An improved way of grading can help…

  16. Female teachers’ math anxiety affects girls’ math achievement

    PubMed Central

    Beilock, Sian L.; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Ramirez, Gerardo; Levine, Susan C.

    2010-01-01

    People’s fear and anxiety about doing math—over and above actual math ability—can be an impediment to their math achievement. We show that when the math-anxious individuals are female elementary school teachers, their math anxiety carries negative consequences for the math achievement of their female students. Early elementary school teachers in the United States are almost exclusively female (>90%), and we provide evidence that these female teachers’ anxieties relate to girls’ math achievement via girls’ beliefs about who is good at math. First- and second-grade female teachers completed measures of math anxiety. The math achievement of the students in these teachers’ classrooms was also assessed. There was no relation between a teacher’s math anxiety and her students’ math achievement at the beginning of the school year. By the school year’s end, however, the more anxious teachers were about math, the more likely girls (but not boys) were to endorse the commonly held stereotype that “boys are good at math, and girls are good at reading” and the lower these girls’ math achievement. Indeed, by the end of the school year, girls who endorsed this stereotype had significantly worse math achievement than girls who did not and than boys overall. In early elementary school, where the teachers are almost all female, teachers’ math anxiety carries consequences for girls’ math achievement by influencing girls’ beliefs about who is good at math. PMID:20133834

  17. TEACHING LITERATURE IN GRADES TEN THROUGH TWELVE. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH CURRICULUM STUDY SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DAGHLIAN, PHILIP B.; JENKINSON, EDWARD B.

    A CONTINUATION OF "TEACHING LITERATURE IN GRADES 7 THROUGH 9" (SEE ED 013 804.), THIS BOOK OFFERS A TEACHING APPROACH WHICH EMPHASIZES THE CLOSE READING OF LITERARY WORKS IN A SEQUENTIAL ORDER OF INCREASING COMPLEXITY. EACH OF THE FIRST THREE SECTIONS ("POETRY,""SHORT STORY," AND "DRAMA", PRESENTS A PROGRAM FOR THE TEACHING OF THAT GENRE IN GRADES

  18. How Do Teachers' Beliefs Predict Children's Interest in Math from Kindergarten to Sixth Grade?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math

  19. The Warm Body in the Math Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lederer, Eric

    2004-01-01

    There are more math classes than there are math teachers to teach them. School administrators often decide how to cover such classes by selecting a person from a pool of other teachers, counselors, and administrators. This can inhibit student progress in math because an appointed math teacher cannot do the job as well as a real math teacher.…

  20. Math: Data Relationships. Graphs, Ratios and Proportions, Statistics and Probability. Grades K-9. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructional Objectives Exchange, Los Angeles, CA.

    To help classroom teachers in grades K-9 construct mathematics tests, fifteen general objectives, corresponding sub-objectives, sample test items, and answers are presented. In general, sub-objectives are arranged in increasing order of difficulty. The objectives were written to comprehensively cover three categories. The first, graphs, covers the…

  1. Cognitive Processes and Math Performance: A Study with Children at Third Grade of Basic Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campos, Isabel S.; Almeida, Leandro S.; Ferreira, Aristides I.; Martinez, Luis F.; Ramalho, Gloria

    2013-01-01

    The present study aims to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and mathematical achievement in primary education. Participants were 103 Portuguese third grade students, aged 8 and 9. All participants completed a battery for working memory (WMTB-C), a test of general intelligence (Raven's Progressive Color Matrices), a selective…

  2. Cognitive Processes and Math Performance: A Study with Children at Third Grade of Basic Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campos, Isabel S.; Almeida, Leandro S.; Ferreira, Aristides I.; Martinez, Luis F.; Ramalho, Gloria

    2013-01-01

    The present study aims to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and mathematical achievement in primary education. Participants were 103 Portuguese third grade students, aged 8 and 9. All participants completed a battery for working memory (WMTB-C), a test of general intelligence (Raven's Progressive Color Matrices), a selective…

  3. Analyses of Eighth Grade Math Texts and Achievement (Evaluation Report). What Works Clearinghouse Brief Study Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report reviews a study of the effects of "Saxon Algebra 1/2" on the mathematics achievement of 8th-grade students and a comparison of textbook content between the intervention and comparison curricula (Crawford & Raia, 1986). Crawford and Raia conducted three analyses with different subsets of the overall sample, but only one analysis is…

  4. "M4", Math-Methods-Materials-'Magination. A Program of Mathematics for the Elementary Grades. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wichita Unified School District 259, KS.

    This elementary school mathematics program presents an activity approach with maximum involvement of students. Teaching strategies, interest center activities, appropriate games, and a measuring device are suggested for each elementary mathematics topic. Each activity is identified as part of the concrete, semiconcrete, semiabstract, or abstract…

  5. Introduction to Communication, Grades PreK-2. The Math Process Standards Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan; O'Connor, Kelly

    2007-01-01

    In this book, the authors offer suggestions for teachers to help students explore, express, and better understand mathematical content through talking and writing. They offer an array of entry points for understanding, planning, and teaching, including strategies that help students put their ideas into words, clarify them, elaborate on them, and…

  6. Introduction to Communication, Grades PreK-2. The Math Process Standards Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, Susan; O'Connor, Kelly

    2007-01-01

    In this book, the authors offer suggestions for teachers to help students explore, express, and better understand mathematical content through talking and writing. They offer an array of entry points for understanding, planning, and teaching, including strategies that help students put their ideas into words, clarify them, elaborate on them, and…

  7. The Effects of Clickers on Math Achievement in 11th Grade Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Lucinda Ann

    2013-01-01

    Due to the increased access of Pods, Internet, games and communication devices, teachers are finding that students are less receptive to traditional teaching methods. One rural Northeast Georgia high school purchased a wireless student response system, "clickers," for teachers to use to engage students. The purpose of this study was to…

  8. The Effect of Three Noise Levels on Task Attention and Performance in Reading and Math with Fifth and Sixth Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Jo Ann; Wurster, Stanley R.

    For this study, a 5th and 6th grade team taught classroom of 66 children was chosen. Three equivalent groups of 22 children each were matched on the basis of a pretest in math. Each group was given a different noise level treatment: quiet (45-55 decibels), average (55-70 decibels), and noisy (75-90 decibels). A tape recording of actual classroom…

  9. Attracting students and professionals into math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades: Annual report, September 1, 1992--August 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Flick, L.B.

    1995-12-31

    This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include developing a model laboratory/classroom for teacher education, providing financial incentives for students with technical majors to complete the program, and emphasizing issues of equity and minority participation in mathematics, science and technology education through recruitment procedures and in course content.

  10. An Interdisciplinary Inservice Model for Teaching Reading in the Content Areas: Grades 7-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granite School District, Salt Lake City, UT.

    The model outlined in this document describes the development of an integrated approach to teaching content reading skills to teachers. Methods and materials applicable to texts and media currently used in classrooms were produced by inservice teachers of science, math, and social studies at a Salt Lake City junior high school. This document…

  11. Experiences Teaching Stoichiometry to Students in Grades 10 and 11

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bridges, Cynthia Denise

    Many students have problems learning stoichiometry, a complex mathematical chemistry concept used to determine how much product will be produced or formed from a given quantity of reactants. The problem addressed in this study was teachers' lack of understanding of how to teach stoichiometry in a Midwestern urban school district. The conceptual framework of the study was based upon constructivist theory. A qualitative narrative approach was used to obtain the perceptions of 5 high school chemistry instructors related to their experiences, successful or unsuccessful, in teaching stoichiometry to students in Grades 10 and 11. Data were gathered through face-to-face interviews, which were analyzed via an inductive approach to reveal 6 themes: a difficult subject to teach, presentation of stoichiometry, relevancy, students' reactions, barriers, and gender differences. Findings suggested the need for teachers to be knowledgeable, creative, and resourceful in their subject areas to help their students to learn stoichiometry. Findings also revealed the need for teachers to adapt their instructional strategies and modes of delivery to reflect their students' individual learning styles. Understanding how the participating teachers explained stoichiometry to their students might help other chemistry teachers to examine and adapt their own instructional styles and delivery methods of the concept. This understanding might, in term, help to improve student achievement in stoichiometry in particular and chemistry in general.

  12. How Do Teachers' Beliefs Predict Children's Interest in Math from Kindergarten to Sixth Grade?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upadyaya, Katja; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigated to what extent teachers' beliefs about children's achievement contribute to the development of children's math interest. In addition, the extent to which other possible predictors, such as performance in math, gender, and race/ethnicity would contribute to the development of children's math…

  13. Effectiveness of Mastering Math Facts on Second- and Third-Grade Students with Specific Learning Disabilities in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fries, Karen M.

    2013-01-01

    Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in mathematics can typically experience long-lasting problems when developing fluency with basic math facts despite the use of evidence-based practices. One recently developed intervention to promote memorization and fact-fluency is Mastering Math Facts (MMF). MMF is a commercially-available…

  14. Effects of Fact Retrieval Tutoring on Third-Grade Students with Math Difficulties with and without Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fact retrieval tutoring as a function of math difficulty (MD) subtype, that is, whether students have MD alone (MD-only) or have concurrent difficulty with math and reading (MDRD). Third graders (n = 139) at two sites were randomly assigned, blocking by site and MD subtype, to four tutoring…

  15. Inhibitory Control in Preschool Predicts Early Math Skills in First Grade: Evidence from an Ethnically Diverse Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam

    2015-01-01

    Preschoolers' inhibitory control and early math skills were concurrently and longitudinally examined in 255 Chinese, African American, Dominican, and Mexican 4-year-olds in the United States. Inhibitory control at age 4, assessed with a peg-tapping task, was associated with early math skills at age 4 and predicted growth in such skills from…

  16. International and Interstate Gaps in Value-Added Math Achievement: Multilevel Instrumental Variable Analysis of Age Effect and Grade Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jaekyung; Fish, Reva M.

    2010-01-01

    Merging National Assessment of Educational Progress and Trends in International Math and Science Study math data, this study examines the extent and sources of variation in value-added academic growth patterns among different nations and U.S. states. Applying hierarchical linear models with an instrumental variable method, the study disentangles…

  17. Criterion Validity Evidence for the easyCBM© CCSS Math Measures: Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1402

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Daniel; Rowley, Brock; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    The easyCBM© CCSS Math tests were developed to help inform teachers' instructional decisions by providing relevant information on students' mathematical skills, relative to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This technical report describes a study to explore the validity of the easyCBM© CCSS Math tests by evaluating the relation…

  18. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 2, Grade One, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    The second unit of instructional and evaluation activities for a science/math curriculum in Spanish developed for first graders make up this teacher's guide. Kits five-eight, each covering a period of two to three weeks, present science and math instruction around the family. The guide lists focus, objective, and materials in English and Spanish…

  19. Effects of Fact Retrieval Tutoring on Third-Grade Students with Math Difficulties with and without Reading Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fact retrieval tutoring as a function of math difficulty (MD) subtype, that is, whether students have MD alone (MD-only) or have concurrent difficulty with math and reading (MDRD). Third graders (n = 139) at two sites were randomly assigned, blocking by site and MD subtype, to four tutoring…

  20. Effectiveness of Mastering Math Facts on Second- and Third-Grade Students with Specific Learning Disabilities in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fries, Karen M.

    2013-01-01

    Students with specific learning disabilities (SLD) in mathematics can typically experience long-lasting problems when developing fluency with basic math facts despite the use of evidence-based practices. One recently developed intervention to promote memorization and fact-fluency is Mastering Math Facts (MMF). MMF is a commercially-available…

  1. Inhibitory Control in Preschool Predicts Early Math Skills in First Grade: Evidence from an Ethnically Diverse Sample

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, Florrie Fei-Yin; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Sze, Irene Nga-Lam

    2015-01-01

    Preschoolers' inhibitory control and early math skills were concurrently and longitudinally examined in 255 Chinese, African American, Dominican, and Mexican 4-year-olds in the United States. Inhibitory control at age 4, assessed with a peg-tapping task, was associated with early math skills at age 4 and predicted growth in such skills from…

  2. The Effects of the Elevate Math Summer Program on Math Achievement and Algebra Readiness. REL 2015-096

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snipes, Jason; Huang, Chun-Wei; Jaquet, Karina; Finkelstein, Neal

    2015-01-01

    The Effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness: This randomized trial examined the effects of the Elevate Math summer program on math achievement and algebra readiness, as well as math interest and self-efficacy, among rising 8th grade students in California's Silicon Valley. The Elevate Math summer math…

  3. Operating a Math Lab.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Elementary Curriculum Development.

    The rationale behind the use of mathematics laboratories is stated, then directions for organizing and implementing a math lab are given. Topics such as housekeeping, keeping an inventory, noise level, record keeping and assignments, giving grades, correlating textbooks with a math lab, and finding meaningful laboratory problems are each discussed…

  4. The Influence of Experiencing Success in Math on Math Anxiety, Perceived Math Competence, and Math Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansen, Brenda R. J.; Louwerse, Jolien; Straatemeier, Marthe; Van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klinkenberg, Sharon; Van der Maas, Han L. J.

    2013-01-01

    It was investigated whether children would experience less math anxiety and feel more competent when they, independent of ability level, experienced high success rates in math. Comparable success rates were achieved by adapting problem difficulty to individuals' ability levels with a computer-adaptive program. A total of 207 children (grades 3-6)…

  5. The Influence of Experiencing Success in Math on Math Anxiety, Perceived Math Competence, and Math Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansen, Brenda R. J.; Louwerse, Jolien; Straatemeier, Marthe; Van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klinkenberg, Sharon; Van der Maas, Han L. J.

    2013-01-01

    It was investigated whether children would experience less math anxiety and feel more competent when they, independent of ability level, experienced high success rates in math. Comparable success rates were achieved by adapting problem difficulty to individuals' ability levels with a computer-adaptive program. A total of 207 children (grades 3-6)…

  6. Math Anxiety and Math Ability in Early Primary School Years

    PubMed Central

    Krinzinger, Helga; Kaufmann, Liane; Willmes, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    Mathematical learning disabilities (MLDs) are often associated with math anxiety, yet until now, very little is known about the causal relations between calculation ability and math anxiety during early primary school years. The main aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the relationship between calculation ability, self-reported evaluation of mathematics, and math anxiety in 140 primary school children between the end of first grade and the middle of third grade. Structural equation modeling revealed a strong influence of calculation ability and math anxiety on the evaluation of mathematics but no effect of math anxiety on calculation ability or vice versa—contrasting with the frequent clinical reports of math anxiety even in very young MLD children. To summarize, our study is a first step toward a better understanding of the link between math anxiety and math performance in early primary school years performance during typical and atypical courses of development. PMID:20401159

  7. Why Understanding 1-3/4 divided by 1/2 Matters to Math Reform: ABE Teachers Learn the Math They Teach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brover, Charles; Deagan, Denise; Farina, Solange

    This paper explains the investigative attempts of The New York City Math Exchange Group (MEG) on elementary mathematics teachers' content knowledge in Adult Basic Education (ABE). The study is comparative in nature and took place in a workshop at the Adults Learning Maths Conference in Boston. The new members of the MEG professional development…

  8. Teaching 5th grade science for aesthetic understanding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Girod, Mark A.

    Many scientists speak with great zeal about the role of aesthetics and beauty in their science and inquiry. Few systematic efforts have been made to teach science in ways that appeal directly to aesthetics and this research is designed to do just that. Drawing from the aesthetic theory of Dewey, I describe an analytic lens called learning for aesthetic understanding that finds power in the degree to which our perceptions of the world are transformed, our interests and enthusiasm piqued, and our actions changed as we seek further experiences in the world. This learning theory is contrasted against two other current and popular theories of science learning, that of learning for conceptual understanding via conceptual change theory and learning for a language-oriented or discourse-based understanding. After a lengthy articulation of the pedagogical strategies used to teach for aesthetic understanding the research is described in which comparisons are drawn between students in two 5th grade classrooms---one taught for the goal of conceptual understanding and the other taught for the goal of aesthetic understanding. Results of this comparison show that more students in the treatment classroom had aesthetic experiences with science ideas and came to an aesthetic understanding when studying weather, erosion, and structure of matter than students in the control group. Also statistically significant effects are shown on measures of interest, affect, and efficacy for students in the treatment class. On measures of conceptual understanding it appears that treatment class students learned more and forgot less over time than control class students. The effect of the treatment does not generally depend on gender, ethnicity, or prior achievement except in students' identity beliefs about themselves as science learners. In this case, a significant interaction for treatment class females on science identity beliefs did occur. A discussion of these results as well as elaboration and extension of the pedagogical model used in teaching for aesthetic understanding is discussed.

  9. Class Meeting Schedules in Relation to Students' Grades and Evaluations of Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Robert C.; Leierer, Stephen J.; Lee, Donghyuck

    2014-01-01

    A six-year retrospective study of a university career course evaluated the effect of four different class schedule formats on students' earned grades, expected grades and evaluations of teaching. Some formats exhibited significant differences in earned and expected grades, but significant differences were not observed in student evaluations of…

  10. Increasing Math Milieu Teaching by Varying Levels of Consultation Support: An Example of Analyzing Intervention Strength

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsicano, Richard T.; Morrison, Julie Q.; Moomaw, Sally C.; Fite, Nathan M.; Kluesener, Courtney M.

    2015-01-01

    The current study used a single-case design to examine two performance feedback conditions varying in intensity on the frequency of naturalistic math instruction in preschool classrooms during non-instructional times (transition, lunch, free play). Three Head Start teachers received professional development that combined information on four…

  11. A World of Difference: Classrooms Abroad Provide Lessons in Teaching Math and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiebert, James; Stigler, James W.

    2004-01-01

    An international study of mathematics and science education tells us more about what we need to know to improve math and science professional development. Students need regular opportunities to explore mathematical relationships to develop high levels of understanding in addition to developing skills. Teachers in high-achieving countries offer…

  12. Using CRA to Teach Algebra to Students with Math Difficulties in Inclusive Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witzel, Bradley S.

    2005-01-01

    The importance of algebra instruction has increased in the United States in the past few years. Thus, in most states, middle school students are required to take Algebra 1. Middle school students with math difficulties in inclusion algebra settings may require a different instructional approach. The purpose of this research was to compare student…

  13. Innovative Teaching Games: Climbing the Hills of Math Skills. California Demonstration Mathematics Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pittsburg Unified School District, CA.

    The card games in this publication are an alternative activity to help students master computational skills. Games for operations with whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, integers, and square roots are included. They can be used to introduce math topics and for practice and review, with either the whole class or in small groups with 2 to…

  14. Increasing Math Milieu Teaching by Varying Levels of Consultation Support: An Example of Analyzing Intervention Strength

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsicano, Richard T.; Morrison, Julie Q.; Moomaw, Sally C.; Fite, Nathan M.; Kluesener, Courtney M.

    2015-01-01

    The current study used a single-case design to examine two performance feedback conditions varying in intensity on the frequency of naturalistic math instruction in preschool classrooms during non-instructional times (transition, lunch, free play). Three Head Start teachers received professional development that combined information on four…

  15. Teaching Money Computation Skills to High School Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities via the TouchMath[C] Program: A Multi-Sensory Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waters, Hugh E.; Boon, Richard T.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of the TouchMath[C] program (Bullock, Pierce,&McClellan, 1989) to teach students with mild intellectual disabilities to subtract 3-digit money computational problems with regrouping. Three students with mild intellectual disabilities in high school received instruction in a special education mathematics…

  16. Helping Students Get Past Math Anxiety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarpello, Gary

    2007-01-01

    Math anxiety can begin as early as the fourth grade and peaks in middle school and high school. It can be caused by past classroom experiences, parental influences, and remembering poor past math performance. Math anxiety can cause students to avoid challenging math courses and may limit their career choices. It is important for teachers, parents…

  17. Math and science illiteracy: Social and economic impacts

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, J.L.

    1994-05-01

    Today`s highly competitive global economy is being driven by increasingly rapid technological development. This paper explores the problems of math and science illiteracy in the United States and the potential impact on our economic survival in this environment during the next century. Established educational methods that reward task performance, emphasize passive lecture, and fail to demonstrate relevance to real life are partly to blame. Social norms, stereotypes, and race and gender bias also have an impact. To address this crisis, we need to question the philosophy of an educational system that values task over concept. Many schools have already initiated programs at all grade levels to make math and science learning more relevant, stimulating, and fun. Teaching methods that integrate math and science learning with teamwork, social context, and other academic subjects promote the development of higher-order thinking skills and help students see math and science as necessary skills.

  18. "Finding the Joy in the Unknown": Implementation of STEAM Teaching Practices in Middle School Science and Math Classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quigley, Cassie F.; Herro, Dani

    2016-02-01

    In response to a desire to strengthen the economy, educational settings are emphasizing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) curriculum and programs. Yet, because of the narrow approach to STEM, educational leaders continue to call for a more balanced approach to teaching and learning, which includes the arts, design, and humanities. This desire created space for science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics (STEAM) education, a transdisciplinary approach that focuses on problem-solving. STEAM-based curricula and STEAM-themed schools are appearing all over the globe. This growing national and global attention to STEAM provides an opportunity for teacher education to explore the ways in which teachers implement STEAM practices, examining the successes and challenges, and how teachers are beginning to make sense of this innovative teaching practice. The purpose of this paper is to examine the implementation of STEAM teaching practices in science and math middle school classrooms, in hopes to provide research-based evidence on this emerging topic to guide teacher educators.

  19. Maths in the Board Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Scott

    2012-01-01

    The author has recently been experimenting with having students work at a set of six blackboards mounted on the walls of a maths teaching space. In this article, he describes this project which he started because he had become impatient with, and aggravated by the usual setup of a maths teaching space. He had started to question why there are…

  20. Setting the Stage with Geometry: Lessons & Worksheets to Build Skills in Measuring Perimeter, Area, Surface Area, and Volume. Poster/Teaching Guide. Expect the Unexpected with Math[R

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Actuarial Foundation, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Setting the Stage with Geometry" is a new math program aligned with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards that is designed to help students in grades 6-8 build and reinforce basic geometry skills for measuring 2D and 3D shapes. Developed by The Actuarial Foundation, this program seeks to provide skill-building math

  1. Experimental Results of Teaching First Grade Children Strategies for Nonvisual Seriation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padilla, Michael J.; Smith, Edward L.

    1979-01-01

    Investigates the effects of teaching 120 first grade children specific strategies for nonvisual seriation on their performance on post-tests and retention tests. Results show that simple seriation can be learned and retained. (HM)

  2. Trajectories of Math and Reading Achievement in Low Achieving Children in Elementary School: Effects of Early and Later Retention in Grade

    PubMed Central

    Moser, Stephanie E.; West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of retention or promotion in first grade on growth trajectories in mathematics and reading achievement over the elementary school years (grades 1–5). From a large multiethnic sample (n = 784) of children who were below the median in literacy at school entrance, 363 children who were either promoted (n = 251) or retained (n = 112) in first grade could be successfully matched on 72 background variables. Achievement was measured annually using Woodcock-Johnson W scores; scores of retained children were shifted back one year to permit same-grade comparisons. Using longitudinal growth curve analysis, trajectories of math and reading scores for promoted and retained children were compared. Retained children received a one year boost in achievement; this boost fully dissipated by the end of elementary school. The pattern of subsequent retention in grades 2, 3 and 4 and placement in special education of the sample during the elementary school years is also described and their effects are explored. Policy implications for interventions for low achieving children are considered. PMID:23335818

  3. Teaching and Learning Information Technology Process: From a 25 Year Perspective--Math Regents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis Sanchez, Louise

    2007-01-01

    This paper will describe the Teaching and Learning Informational Technology Process (TLITP). Before present day strategies, teaching and learning relied on transformations based on quantification to measure performance. The process will be a non-linear three construct of teacher, student and community. Emphasizing old practices now is the…

  4. Math as a Way of Knowing. Strategies for Teaching and Learning Professional Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohanian, Susan

    This publication is part of a series of monographs on the art of teaching. Each volume, focusing on a specific discipline, explores theory in the context of teaching strategies connected to evaluation of both teachers' and students' learning. Three techniques are offered for use of the guide: dialogues (as self-evaluation and in study groups),…

  5. Teaching with Videodiscs [and] Teaching Fractions with Videodiscs [and] Mainstreaming Students with Learning Disabilities for Videodisc Math Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Presented is an introduction to laser videodisc technology, covering both hardware and courseware considerations and technological applications to special education. Described is the application of videodisc courseware to the teaching of fractions, and results of a successful program to teach fractions to eight mainstreamed students with learning…

  6. Reading First: Impact on Third Grade Student Performance in Reading, Math, Science Before, During, and after Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Vikki Renee

    2012-01-01

    Critical issues are confronting educators regarding increasing student achievement levels in reading, math and science in United States' public schools. Educators and legislators are attempting to make radical changes in instructional methodology and to find viable and sustainable solutions to problems associated with poor student…

  7. Differential Effects of Three Computer-Assisted Instruction Programs on the Development of Math Skills among Primary Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erkfritz-Gay, Karyn N.

    2009-01-01

    Past research has documented that the effectiveness of three different math strategies delivered to students via one-on-one instruction (i.e., cover-copy-compare (CCC); e.g., Skinner, Turco, Beatty, & Rasavage, 1989, traditional drill and practice (TDP); e.g., Cybriwsky & Schuster, 1990, and constant time delay (CTD); Kulik, 1994). This study…

  8. Reading First: Impact on Third Grade Student Performance in Reading, Math, Science Before, During, and after Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Vikki Renee

    2012-01-01

    Critical issues are confronting educators regarding increasing student achievement levels in reading, math and science in United States' public schools. Educators and legislators are attempting to make radical changes in instructional methodology and to find viable and sustainable solutions to problems associated with poor student…

  9. The Relation between Students' Math and Reading Ability and Their Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry Examination Grades in Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje

    2015-01-01

    Word problems are math- or science-related problems presented in the context of a story or real-life scenario. Literature suggests that, to solve these problems, advanced reading skills are required, in addition to content-related skills in, for example, mathematics. In the present study, we investigated the relation between students' reading…

  10. SCDC Spanish Curricula Units. Science/Math Strand, Unit 6, Grade 2, Teacher's Guide--Multi-Ethnic Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanish Curricula Development Center, Miami Beach, FL.

    The science-math strand of unit six for second graders deals primarily with the concepts of conservation, relativity, adaptation and ecology. This teacher's guide to Kits 21-24 presents instructional and assessment activities revolving around the basic theme of the neighborhood as a community. Focus, objective, and materials for each activity are…

  11. An Analysis of the Impact of Single-Sex Schools on Seventh Grade Math and Reading Tasks Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groves-Redwood, Tarawa F.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant mean difference in math and reading student performance by types of schools. The types of schools were identified as all-male and all-female public middle schools. Specifically, this study examined the impact of public single-sex schools on the mathematics and…

  12. The Relation between Students' Math and Reading Ability and Their Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry Examination Grades in Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korpershoek, Hanke; Kuyper, Hans; van der Werf, Greetje

    2015-01-01

    Word problems are math- or science-related problems presented in the context of a story or real-life scenario. Literature suggests that, to solve these problems, advanced reading skills are required, in addition to content-related skills in, for example, mathematics. In the present study, we investigated the relation between students' reading…

  13. The Relationship between Principal Turnover and Student Achievement in Reading/English Language Arts and Math Grades Six through Eight

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berrong, Darren Andrew

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between principal turnover rate, percentage of minority students, percentage of students with disabilities, and percentage of students who are economically disadvantaged and student achievement in reading/English language arts and math measured by Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) on the Georgia Criterion…

  14. Mardi Gras Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eubanks-Turner, Christina; Hajj, Najat

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Christina Eubanks-Turner and Najat Hajj describe a planning process that they used to create a fun-filled eighth-grade math activity that focused on parade planning. The activity was designed to enhance and supplement the eighth-grade algebra curriculum on linear equations and functions, help students use mathematical habits of…

  15. Mardi Gras Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eubanks-Turner, Christina; Hajj, Najat

    2015-01-01

    In this article, Christina Eubanks-Turner and Najat Hajj describe a planning process that they used to create a fun-filled eighth-grade math activity that focused on parade planning. The activity was designed to enhance and supplement the eighth-grade algebra curriculum on linear equations and functions, help students use mathematical habits of…

  16. How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach--A First Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben Maj

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers a tentative snapshot of Grade 6 mathematics classroom practices in Rwanda based on twenty video recorded lessons. It has an objective of investigating through evaluation, the teaching strategies used by Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics teachers in their classrooms. In the absence of sufficient instruments to measure Pedagogical…

  17. A Guide to Concept Teaching, United States History, Grade 9. (From Reconstruction to the Present).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madison Public Schools, WI.

    GRADES OR AGES: Grade 9. SUBJECT MATTER: United States history. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The conceptual approach forms the basis for each of four sections: Defining and Implementing a Conceptual Approach to Teaching Social Studies; Social Studies Skills To Be Developed and Reinforced by the Learner; Classroom Curriculum Planning; and…

  18. Teaching the Middle School Grade-Level Outcomes with Standards-Based Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avery, Marybell; Rettig, Brad

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the grade-level outcomes to be assessed on middle school (grades 6-8) physical education. Specifically, the article describes how to teach basic tactics and strategies while applying fundamental movement patterns to the various game and movement categories (invasion, net/wall, target, fielding/striking, dance/rhythms, &…

  19. Do Student Evaluations of Teaching Depend on the Distribution of Expected Grade?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matos-Diaz, Horacio; Ragan, James F., Jr.

    2010-01-01

    Prior research suggests that student evaluations of teaching may depend on the average grade expected in a class. We hypothesize that, because of risk aversion, student ratings also depend on the distribution of expected grades. As predicted, student ratings at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamon are significantly and negatively related to…

  20. An Action Research Approach to a Contradiction in Teaching: Reconciling Grades with Democratic Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Placier, Margaret

    1996-01-01

    An action research project emphasized the centrality of teachers' values in teaching decisions. After identifying grading papers as a source of tension, a teacher opened decisions about grading to democratic decision making, resulting in more positive professor-student relationships, more emphasis on learning, and improved student evaluations of…

  1. Making Sense of Census 2000. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 9-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD.

    The United States Census Bureau's mission is to be the preeminent collector and provider of timely, relevant, and quality data about the nation's people and economy. The Census 2000 teaching guide (grades 9-12) aims to help teachers bring the census to life for students. The guide teaches skills that correlate with national standards; fulfills…

  2. Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The Role of Teaching Experience and Country

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Sarah I.

    2015-01-01

    The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2?×?2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as…

  3. Science: Curriculum Guide for Teaching Gifted Children Science in Grades One Through Three.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrison, Charlotte

    The curriculum guide for teaching science to gifted primary grade children in California focuses on natural science, with an emphasis on ecology. Provided are a general overview of the unit, a set of behavioral objectives, a list of generalizations and concepts, a sample teaching-learning plan for the complete unit, and eight sample lesson plans.…

  4. Studying Gender Bias in Physics Grading: The Role of Teaching Experience and Country

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofer, Sarah I.

    2015-01-01

    The existence of gender-STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) stereotypes has been repeatedly documented. This article examines physics teachers' gender bias in grading and the influence of teaching experience in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany. In a 2?×?2 between-subjects design, with years of teaching experience included as…

  5. Predictors of Mothers' and Fathers' Teaching of Reading and Mathematics during Kindergarten and Grade 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silinskas, Gintautas; Leppanen, Ulla; Aunola, Kaisa; Parrila, Rauno; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the present longitudinal study was to investigate factors contributing to mothers' and fathers' teaching of reading and mathematics to their children during kindergarten and Grade 1. It was assumed that mothers' and fathers' teaching during kindergarten would be influenced by their socioeconomic status and their own learning…

  6. Middle Grades: Quality Teaching Equals Higher Student Achievement. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottoms, Gene; Hertl, Jordan; Mollette, Melinda; Patterson, Lenora

    2014-01-01

    The middles grades are critical to public school systems and our nation's economy. It's the make-or-break point in students' futures. Studies repeatedly show when students are not engaged and lose interest in the middle grades, they are likely to fall behind in ninth grade and later drop out of school. When this happens, the workforce suffers, and…

  7. Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.

    2013-01-01

    Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…

  8. Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.

    2013-01-01

    Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…

  9. Making Early Math Education Work for All Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuson, Karen C.; Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Preparing children to be successful in mathematics begins with what they learn before they reach 1st grade. Math knowledge in prekindergarten and kindergarten predicts school achievement in math and in other topics, such as reading. Indeed, early math knowledge is one of the strongest predictors of math grades in high school, high school…

  10. Too Much Is Not Enough: Teaching Maths through Useful Applications with Local and Global Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alsina, Claudi

    2002-01-01

    Explores the challenge of providing all future citizens with an appropriate quantitative literacy by means of teaching mathematics through useful applications with local and global perspectives. (Author/KHR)

  11. Effects of Fact Retrieval Tutoring on Third-Grade Students with Math Difficulties with and without Reading Difficulties

    PubMed Central

    Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of fact retrieval tutoring as a function of math difficulty (MD) subtype, that is, whether students have MD alone (MD-only) or have concurrent difficulty with math and reading (MDRD). Third graders (n = 139) at two sites were randomly assigned, blocking by site and MD subtype, to four tutoring conditions: fact retrieval practice, conceptual fact retrieval instruction with practice, procedural computation/estimation instruction, and control (no tutoring). Tutoring occurred for 45 sessions over 15weeks for 15–25 minutes per session. Results provided evidence of an interaction between tutoring condition and MD subtype status for assessment of fact retrieval. For MD-only students, students in both fact retrieval conditions achieved comparably and outperformed MD-only students in the control group as well as those in the procedural computation/estimation instruction group. By contrast, for MDRD students, there were no significant differences among intervention conditions. PMID:19448840

  12. Improving Teaching and Learning of Basic Maths and Reading in Africa: Does Teacher Preparation Count?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyeampong, Kwame; Lussier, Kattie; Pryor, John; Westbrook, Jo

    2013-01-01

    Teacher education has an important role in ensuring quality of learning especially for the poorest children. The article draws on a study of teacher preparation for the early primary grades in six African countries--Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda--in reading and mathematics. Initial teacher education had the strongest impact on…

  13. Improving Teaching and Learning of Basic Maths and Reading in Africa: Does Teacher Preparation Count?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyeampong, Kwame; Lussier, Kattie; Pryor, John; Westbrook, Jo

    2013-01-01

    Teacher education has an important role in ensuring quality of learning especially for the poorest children. The article draws on a study of teacher preparation for the early primary grades in six African countries--Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania and Uganda--in reading and mathematics. Initial teacher education had the strongest impact on…

  14. Who's Teaching Math to Our Most Needy Students? A Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosas, Clarissa; Campbell, Lisa

    2010-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandates that every classroom be staffed with a "highly qualified teacher." Research supports that teachers' content knowledge affects student achievement. However, the special education population continues to be taught by teachers who do not have the content area background they teach. In addition,…

  15. Activities for Teaching K-6 Math/Science Concepts. Classroom Activities Series - Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Walter A.; Farrell, Margaret A.

    This book is a revised edition of one of the products of a project, "Teaching Mathematics and Science Concepts, K-6, funded by the New York State Education Department. The project was a collaborative effort by mathematics and science education faculty at the State University of New York at Albany and representatives of eight school districts in…

  16. Creating a Down-to-Earth Approach to Teaching Science, Math and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Robert; Smoak, Ellen

    1999-01-01

    Down-to-Earth is a program designed to increase 9- to 12-year olds' critical thinking and problem solving by teaching gardening through the scientific method. The combination of multi- and interdisciplinary topics has increased achievement and resulted in attitudinal and behavioral changes. (SK)

  17. Professional Development + Coaching = Enhanced Teaching: Increasing Usage of Math Mediated Language in Preschool Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudd, Loretta C.; Lambert, Matthew C.; Satterwhite, Macy; Smith, Cinda H.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to determine the most efficacious manner to deliver professional development training to early childhood educators, this study investigated the effect of a 2-h workshop followed by side-by-side classroom coaching. Twelve early childhood educators with 4-year degrees teaching in a university child development center participated in the…

  18. Developing Number Knowledge: Assessment, Teaching and Intervention with 7-11 Year Olds. Math Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Robert J.; Ellemor-Collins, David; Tabor, Pamela D.

    2011-01-01

    This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the…

  19. TIMSS: What Have We Learned about Math and Science Teaching? ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Beth D.; Herman, Marlena; Haury, David L.

    This digest discusses the results of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), conducted during the 1994-95 school year, in relation to teaching and suggests resources for further study. The digest includes a description of the study, data collection methods of the study, key results, and details of TIMSS-R, a repeat study…

  20. Activities for Teaching K-6 Math/Science Concepts. Classroom Activities Series - Number 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farmer, Walter A.; Farrell, Margaret A.

    This book is a revised edition of one of the products of a project, "Teaching Mathematics and Science Concepts, K-6, funded by the New York State Education Department. The project was a collaborative effort by mathematics and science education faculty at the State University of New York at Albany and representatives of eight school districts in…

  1. What Goes on inside Latin American Math and Science Classrooms: A Video Study of Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Näslund-Hadley, Emma; Loera Varela, Armando; Hepworth, Katelyn Ann

    2014-01-01

    Beyond common associated factors, such as teacher characteristics and socioeconomic background of students, little is known about how student achievement relates to differences in the pedagogical approaches used in Latin American classrooms. This paper highlights the main findings from a qualitative study on cross-country differences in teaching

  2. Professional Development + Coaching = Enhanced Teaching: Increasing Usage of Math Mediated Language in Preschool Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudd, Loretta C.; Lambert, Matthew C.; Satterwhite, Macy; Smith, Cinda H.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to determine the most efficacious manner to deliver professional development training to early childhood educators, this study investigated the effect of a 2-h workshop followed by side-by-side classroom coaching. Twelve early childhood educators with 4-year degrees teaching in a university child development center participated in the…

  3. Equity in Math and Science: A Technology-Supported Teaching and Learning Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Qing

    2008-01-01

    In this article, I propose a technology-supported teaching and learning model that aims to bridge the gender gap identified in areas such as mathematics and science. Further, this model promotes collaboration between teacher educators and K-12 teachers. The focus of technology is on the use of video conferencing. This model is further tested by a…

  4. Problem Fields in Mathematics Teaching. Part 3: Views of Finnish Seventh-Grades about Mathematics Teaching. Research Report 108.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pehkonen, Erkki

    This study was conducted to examine the views of seventh-grade students in Finland with regard to the teaching and learning of mathematics. Data were gathered by a questionnaire survey, with follow-up interviews to validate response reliability. Fifty junior high school mathematics teachers in southern Finland were asked to present the…

  5. Smith college secondary math and science outreach program

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, J.A.; Clark, C.

    1994-12-31

    The Smith College Secondary Math and Science Outreach Program works collaboratively with front-line educators to encourage young women students of all abilities, especially underrepresented and underserved minorities, to continue studying math and science throughout high school. The program includes three main components: (1) Twenty-five to thirty teams of math/science teachers and guidance counselors participate in a year-long program which begins with a three-day Current Students/Future Scientists and Engineering Workshop. This event includes a keynote address, presentations and workshops by successful women in science and engineering, and hands-on laboratory sessions. Each participant receives a stipend and free room and board. Returning to their schools, the teacher-counselor teams implement ongoing plans designed to counteract gender bias in the sciences and to alert female students to the broad range of math, science, and engineering career choices open to them. A follow-up session in the spring allows the teams to present and discuss their year-long activities. (2) TRI-ON, a day of science for 120 ninth- and tenth- grade girls from schools with a large underserved and underrepresented population, is held in early spring. Girls discover the excitement of laboratory investigation and interact with female college science and math majors. (3) Teaching Internships, initiated in 1991, involve ten to fifteen Smith College math and science majors in teaching in public schools. The teaching interns experience the rewards and challenges of classroom teaching, and they also serve as role models for younger students.

  6. Study of the Reliability of CCSS-Aligned Math Measures (2012 Research Version): Grades 6-8. Technical Report #1312

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Daniel; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    In this technical report, we describe the results of a study of mathematics items written to align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in grades 6-8. In each grade, CCSS items were organized into forms, and the reliability of these forms was evaluated along with an experimental form including items aligned with the National Council of…

  7. Math Club Starting in Kindergarten

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Ann M.

    2011-01-01

    Starting a math club as early as kindergarten and having a range of grade levels in attendance can be successful. With the help of the older students, the varied age groups are entertained and excited about attending math club. The purpose of the club is to enrich the classroom mathematics curriculum with hands-on activities and to have members…

  8. Math Fact Strategies Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boso, Annie

    2011-01-01

    An action research project was conducted in order to determine effective math fact strategies for first graders. The traditional way of teaching math facts included using timed tests and flashcards, with most students counting on their fingers or a number line. Six new research-based strategies were taught and analyzed to decide which methods…

  9. Intergenerational Effects of Parents' Math Anxiety on Children's Math Achievement and Anxiety.

    PubMed

    Maloney, Erin A; Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L

    2015-09-01

    A large field study of children in first and second grade explored how parents' anxiety about math relates to their children's math achievement. The goal of the study was to better understand why some students perform worse in math than others. We tested whether parents' math anxiety predicts their children's math achievement across the school year. We found that when parents are more math anxious, their children learn significantly less math over the school year and have more math anxiety by the school year's end-but only if math-anxious parents report providing frequent help with math homework. Notably, when parents reported helping with math homework less often, children's math achievement and attitudes were not related to parents' math anxiety. Parents' math anxiety did not predict children's reading achievement, which suggests that the effects of parents' math anxiety are specific to children's math achievement. These findings provide evidence of a mechanism for intergenerational transmission of low math achievement and high math anxiety. PMID:26253552

  10. Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Saxon Math" is a textbook series covering grades K-12 based on incremental development and continual review of mathematical concepts to give students time to learn and practice concepts throughout the year. A distinguishing feature of "Saxon Math" is its use of a distributed approach--spreading practice and instruction for any single math content…

  11. Teaching with Newspapers (Second Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Province Newspaper, Vancouver (British Columbia).

    The guide presents teaching suggestions and resource lists for using newspapers as a learning tool in elementary and middle grade classes and adult education situations. Over 75 activities are listed in art, drama, health, language arts, library skills, math, modern languages, music, science, and social studies. For example, science students can…

  12. Effects of Grading Leniency and Low Workload on Students' Evaluations of Teaching: Popular Myth, Bias, Validity, or Innocent Bystanders?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Herbert W.; Roche, Lawrence A.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses two studies that debunk the popular myths that student evaluations of teaching (SETs) are substantially biased by low workload and grading leniency. Results imply teaching effects were related to SETs. Contrary to predictions workload, expected grades, and their relations to SETs were stable over 12 years. (Author/MKA)

  13. Matching of Learning Styles and Teaching Styles: Advantage and Disadvantage on Ninth-Grade Students' Academic Achievements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

    2013-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to identify learning styles of ninth-grade students, to identify teaching styles of four subject teachers, and to compare four academic achievements between different matching conditions of students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles. The research participants comprised of 3,382 ninth-grade

  14. Singapore Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2009

    2009-01-01

    "Singapore Math" is a collection of math curricula originally developed by Singapore's Ministry of Education and private textbook publishers for use in Singapore schools. "Singapore Math" curricula were developed under a national framework centered on problem solving that emphasizes computational skills as well as conceptual and strategic thinking…

  15. Everything You Need To Know To Teach First Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dragan, Pat Barrett

    This book presents a step-by-step guide to creating a smoothly functioning, literacy-rich first-grade classroom. It helps teachers do such things as bond with their new classes, create happy and cohesive environments, develop students' organizational skills and self-control, keep students motivated, integrate children's literature and the arts…

  16. Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zousel, Miranda L.; Rule, Audrey C.; Logan, Stephanie R.

    2013-01-01

    This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N = 46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental…

  17. Teaching Gifted Children Art in Grades Four Through Six.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luca, Mark C.; Allen, Bonnie

    The guide for teachers of gifted children in grades 4 through 6 gives concepts and suggestions for development of an art program. Art instruction is said to benefit all gifted children by developing awareness of art contributions to the cultural heritage. An introduction to art education centers on aspects such as identification of gifted…

  18. Activities for Teaching about Aging: Primary and Intermediate Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwood, H. Mason, Ed.

    Over 350 activities are suggested for primary and intermediate grade students to learn about aging and older adults. They have been designed for with use with already existing curricula, so that teachers will not feel a need to plan an entire unit on aging. Interdisciplinary in nature, the activities are listed according to the subject areas for…

  19. Teaching Gifted Children Science in Grades Seven Through Twelve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandwein, Paul F.

    One of a series of publications for teachers, consultants, and administrators, the guide offers recommendations for curriculum development and science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-12. Discussed in the introductory chapter is creation of a school environment that fosters skills of interdependence (Communication with other scientists)…

  20. Teaching Gifted Students Social Sciences in Grades Seven Through Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Curriculum Services.

    Intended for use by teachers, consultants and administrators, the booklet discusses social science instruction for gifted students in grades 7-9. An introductory section provides an overview of goals and parameters of the social sciences (psychology, sociology, and anthropology). The scientific research process is described in terms of five steps,…

  1. Practice What You Teach: Writers' Lunch Club in First Grade

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCarry, Beth; Greenwood, Scott

    2009-01-01

    McCarry, a first grade teacher, formed a voluntary writing group, Writers' Lunch Club, that met the developmental and individual needs of children and inspired enthusiasm and writing success. In the article, she explains the guidelines, compares the club's writing strategies with those in the classroom, and lists tips and benefits.

  2. Teaching Grade 5 Life Science with a Case Study Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olgun, Ozlem Sila; Adali, Belgin

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a case study approach on students' achievement and attitudes towards viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protista. Fifth-grade students (N = 88) from two different classes were involved in the study. One intact class was assigned as the experimental group, whereas the other intact class…

  3. Everything You Need To Know To Teach First Grade.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dragan, Pat Barrett

    This book presents a step-by-step guide to creating a smoothly functioning, literacy-rich first-grade classroom. It helps teachers do such things as bond with their new classes, create happy and cohesive environments, develop students' organizational skills and self-control, keep students motivated, integrate children's literature and the arts…

  4. Teaching Units on Smoking, Grades 4, 5, 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Helen M.

    Smoking, tobacco, and health are presented in this resource unit for grades four, five, and six. One of three units on smoking, drugs, and alcohol, this guide for teachers outlines information about the physiological and socio-economic effects of smoking, effects of smoking on physical performance, man's use of tobacco and tobacco production,…

  5. Teaching Literature Grade 9: Integrating the Communication Arts. Drama. Experimental.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabas, Gertrude; Leinwein, Rochelle

    Designed to demonstrate a variety of ways in which listening, speaking, reading, and writing activities can be built around the study of the drama in the classroom, this collection of materials, lessons, and activities deals with one of the plays most frequently taught in New York City ninth-grade classrooms. The document begins with a general…

  6. Teaching for Real Learning: Classroom Applications, Grades 4-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devlin-Scherer, Roberta

    2005-01-01

    Here is a roadmap to success affecting the growth and achievement of all students. This book integrates research about teaching and learning using a variety of sources, both popular and academic, to create a readable text. The author offers: (1) A description of current practices in schools that successfully promote positive relationships; (2)…

  7. Collaborative Teaching in the Middle Grades: Inquiry Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Helaine

    2005-01-01

    This book allows the reader to team teach with a science specialist to drive home key library and media curriculum goals. Eight detailed chapters provide background and complete lesson plans that cover both library and general science skills and benchmarks. Included are reproducible student worksheets, tools for assessment, and a suggested…

  8. Animating Inquiry-Based Teaching in Grade-School Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinash, Shelley

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes interpretive empirical research with five teachers who: a) articulate their pedagogy as defined by an inquiry-based stance, b) use digital technologies within their teaching, and c) engaged in online and/or face-to-face professional development with the Galileo Educational Network (GENA). Four questions guided the inquiry:…

  9. The Joys of Teaching the Upper Elementary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reifman, Steve

    2009-01-01

    Teaching upper elementary school students is a joy because they are still enthusiastic about learning and will contribute energy and invest themselves completely in worthwhile projects; will engage in higher-level challenges; work with a greater sense of future purpose; and can develop enduring habits of mind and habits of character. In this…

  10. Teaching with Computers: Strategies That Work in Grades K-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jay, M. Ellen; Jay, Hilda L.

    This book focuses on designing instruction that integrates the use of computer assisted resources. There are 19 chapters in four parts. Part 1, "Strategies for Teaching with Standard Utility Software Programs," includes (1) "Paint Programs"; (2) "Graphic Organizers"; (3) "Graphing Programs"; (4) "Timelines"; (5) "Word Processing"; (6) "Databases";…

  11. Teaching Chemistry with TOYS. Activities for Grades K-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarquis, Jerry L.; And Others

    This document is a collection of some of the chemistry activities used in the Teaching Science with TOYS professional development program for teachers. The TOYS activities have been compiled into this document as a resource for teachers who want to use toy-based physical science activities in the classroom. The activities do not assume any…

  12. Teaching for Real Learning: Classroom Applications, Grades 4-12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devlin-Scherer, Roberta

    2005-01-01

    Here is a roadmap to success affecting the growth and achievement of all students. This book integrates research about teaching and learning using a variety of sources, both popular and academic, to create a readable text. The author offers: (1) A description of current practices in schools that successfully promote positive relationships; (2)…

  13. Collaborative Teaching in the Middle Grades: Inquiry Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Helaine

    2005-01-01

    This book allows the reader to team teach with a science specialist to drive home key library and media curriculum goals. Eight detailed chapters provide background and complete lesson plans that cover both library and general science skills and benchmarks. Included are reproducible student worksheets, tools for assessment, and a suggested…

  14. Teaching ESL Content through Kite Making for Grades K-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, N.

    Ideas for teaching elementary and secondary students of English as a Second Language (ESL) through a unit on kites and kite-making are offered. First, unit objectives are outlined. These include objectives for cognitive skill development (classification, comparison), psychomotor skills (constructing a kite), mathematical operations (measuring,…

  15. Algebra: Challenging Existing Assumptions about Teaching and Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovitt, Charles; Clarke, Doug

    1987-01-01

    Presented is an activity for teaching linear algebra to grade 7 or grade 8 students. The activity is taken from the "Victorian Secondary Reality in Maths Education" (RIME) Pack. The activity called "Backtracking" builds on intuitions and understandings that students already possess. (RH)

  16. A longitudinal analysis of science teaching and learning in kindergarten and first-grade

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Olgan, Refika

    This study attempted to determine how often science is taught in the early grades as well as the science topics taught in these grades. A related purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between science teaching and students' science achievement. In doing so, the analyses took into consideration the influence of gender, socioeconomic status (SES), and race/ethnicity on children's academic performance in science. By using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) kindergarten and first-grade data files, children's science Item Response Theory Scores (IRT) and Academic Rating Scores (ARS) were examined to measure the relationship between children's early science experiences in schools and their achievement on the "General Knowledge Assessment Battery". According to this study's findings science teaching and learning in kindergarten level is somewhat limited. Additionally, the science content taught in kindergarten is narrow. The results of cross-sectional and longitudinal multilevel analyses revealed that several student and school level factors can influence young children's science achievement in kindergarten and first-grade. Although there were inconsistent conclusions about male and female students' science achievement as assessed by direct and indirect assessment batteries, there was no association between children's science scores and their gender and the amount or degree of science practices in school. While results of the analyses clearly showed that socioeconomic status (SES) had the most influence on both kindergarten and first-grade children's science achievement, the findings related to the effects of different science practices on science achievement were inconsistent. The results showed that science instruction effects some children's science achievement more than others. The findings have important implications for policies governing the teaching of science in the early grades. A clear demand exist for extension of science resource materials to include broader topics, more child-selected activities, integration with other subject areas, and more quality time for science teaching and learning in the early grades.

  17. Measurement of math beliefs and their associations with math behaviors in college students.

    PubMed

    Hendy, Helen M; Schorschinsky, Nancy; Wade, Barbara

    2014-12-01

    Our purpose in the present study was to expand understanding of math beliefs in college students by developing 3 new psychometrically tested scales as guided by expectancy-value theory, self-efficacy theory, and health belief model. Additionally, we identified which math beliefs (and which theory) best explained variance in math behaviors and performance by college students and which students were most likely to have problematic math beliefs. Study participants included 368 college math students who completed questionnaires to report math behaviors (attending class, doing homework, reading textbooks, asking for help) and used a 5-point rating scale to indicate a variety of math beliefs. For a subset of 84 students, math professors provided final math grades. Factor analyses produced a 10-item Math Value Scale with 2 subscales (Class Devaluation, No Future Value), a 7-item single-dimension Math Confidence Scale, and an 11-item Math Barriers Scale with 2 subscales (Math Anxiety, Discouraging Words). Hierarchical multiple regression revealed that high levels of the newly discovered class devaluation belief (guided by expectancy-value theory) were most consistently associated with poor math behaviors in college students, with high math anxiety (guided by health belief model) and low math confidence (guided by self-efficacy theory) also found to be significant. Analyses of covariance revealed that younger and male students were at increased risk for class devaluation and older students were at increased risk for poor math confidence. PMID:25133460

  18. Statistics Aren't Static: A 1992 Statistical Abstract Teaching Supplement for Grades 5-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of the Census (DOC), Washington, DC. Economics and Statistics Administration.

    This teaching supplement from the U.S. Census Bureau is designed for educators in grades 5 through 12. The Bureau offers it as a way of addressing the needs and concerns of teachers as they attempt to include statistical information about the everyday world in an effort to meet new educational standards. The supplement is presented in order to…

  19. Productive Instruction & Authentic Assessment, Grades 3-6. Effective Strategies To Improve Classroom Teaching and Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karges-Bone, Linda

    This booklet contains helpful hints and teaching tips to enable the teacher in grades 3 through 6 to move toward new instructional and assessment standards across the curriculum. Following an introduction, the chapters are: (1) "What Is Productive Instruction?"; (2) "Preparing for Productive Instruction"; (3) "Planning Productive Instruction"; (4)…

  20. Using the Text Structures of Information Books to Teach Writing in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sarah K.; Jones, Cindy D.; Reutzel, D. Ray

    2013-01-01

    Teaching children in the primary grades the text structures and features used by authors of information text has been shown to improve comprehension of information texts and provide the scaffolding and support these children need in order to write their own information texts. As teachers implement the "English Language Arts Common Core State…

  1. Astronomy: Minds-on the Universe. Supplemental Teaching Activities for Grades K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marble, Stephen; Fowler, Marilyn, Ed.

    This teachers guide contains activities and materials created to teach astronomy concepts to children from grades K-8. It is organized into four units: (1) Earth and Stars; (2) Spheres and Orbits; (3) Stars and Gravity; and (4) Scales and Measurement. Activities are arranged within each unit around six content topics: (1) Earth; (2) Solar System;…

  2. Successful Strategies for Teaching Reading to Middle Grades English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolos, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…

  3. Taking Science to School: Learning and Teaching Science in Grades K-8

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duschl, Richard A., Ed.; Schweingruber, Heidi A., Ed.; Shouse, Andrew W., Ed.

    2007-01-01

    What is science for a child? How do children learn about science and how to do science? Drawing on a vast array of work from neuroscience to classroom observation, "Taking Science to School" provides a comprehensive picture of what we know about teaching and learning science from kindergarten through eighth grade. By looking at a broad range of…

  4. Teaching Global Awareness Using the Media. Grades 6-12, Global Awareness Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamy, Steven L.; And Others

    This teaching guide on global awareness contains 15 media-related activities for students in grades 6-12. The objective is to help students see how the media affect their opinions and the roles the media plays in world affairs. The activities are divided into five sections. The first section contains a general survey of the students' knowledge of…

  5. Using the Outdoors to Teach Social Studies: Grades 3-10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Clifford C.; And Others

    Third in a series on utilizing outdoor education methodologies to enhance the academic curriculum, the guide contains lesson plans and case studies for teaching grades 3-10 social studies. The lessons are designed to further student awareness of personal and social responsibility toward the environment through the use of outdoor experiences which…

  6. Enter Teaching! The Essential Guide for Teachers New to Grades 3-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kitagawa, Mary M.

    Based on the assumption that learning to teach means learning to trust one's intuitions, keen observations, and thoughtful reflections, this book presents collegial advice for new teachers of grades three through six. The topics addressed in the book are setting up the classroom, building community, oral communication, exploring reading and…

  7. An Evaluation of Grading and Instructional Feedback Skills of Graduate Teaching Assistants in Introductory Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doe, Sue R.; Gingerich, Karla J.; Richards, Tracy L.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored graduate teaching assistant (GTA) grading on 480 papers across two writing assignments as integrated into large Introductory Psychology courses. We measured GTA accuracy, consistency, and commenting (feedback) quality. Results indicate that GTA graders improved, although unevenly, in accuracy and consistency from Time 1 to 2…

  8. Global Geography: Activities for Teaching the Five Themes of Geography (Grades 3-9).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Social Science Education Consortium, Inc., Boulder, CO.

    This document presents a set of activities for teaching students in grades three through nine about geography. The book presents the activities under the five major geographic themes of location, place, relationships within places, movement, and regions. Extensive student readings, maps, and other diagrams appear within the book. The document…

  9. Perceptions of Teaching as a Career by Bahamian Grade 12 Students in College-Preparatory Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enger, John M.

    A questionnaire was administered to 1403 twelfth grade students in the Bahamas who were described as potentially eligible to pursue college-level work leading to teacher certification. Student opinions were sought on teacher training programs at the College of the Bahamas, conditions of teaching employment, characteristics of students in secondary…

  10. After Early Intervention, Then What? Teaching Struggling Readers in Grades 3 and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormack, Rachel L., Ed.; Paratore, Jeanne R., Ed.

    Noting that early intervention is insufficient for many children because they struggle in learning to read for an array of reasons, this book highlights the need for expert, intensive, and focused instruction in reading beyond the primary years in addition to identifying and describing effective practices for teaching those students in grades 3 to…

  11. Using Simulations to Teach Middle Grades U.S. History in an Age of Accountability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiCamillo, Lorrei; Gradwell, Jill M.

    2012-01-01

    In this year-long qualitative study we explore the case of two eighth grade U.S. History teachers who use simulations on a regular basis to teach heterogeneously-grouped students in a high-stakes testing environment. We describe the purposes the teachers espoused for implementing simulations and provide detailed portraits of three types of…

  12. A Comparison of Two Methods for Teaching Keyboarding on the Microcomputer to Elementary Grade Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sormunen, Carolee

    1986-01-01

    This study compared two software programs for teaching keyboarding to students in grades four, five, and six and compared speed achievement when students were grouped by sex. One program was an educational game. The other used traditional psychological motor skill development theory as applied to typewriting instruction. Results are reported and…

  13. Team Teaching. A Descriptive and Evaluative Study of a Program for the Primary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Harvey R.; Reasoner, Robert W.

    Team teaching was introduced in a summer academic program for grades one through three in Concord, California. Each team was composed of three or four teachers and a teacher aide. A total of 410 children were assigned to four teams, and curriculum was basically enrichment oriented with assistance for those with remedial problems. The curriculum…

  14. Teaching Methodology in a First-Grade French-Immersion Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akcan, Sumru

    2004-01-01

    This micro-ethnographic classroom-based case study explores the teaching methodology in a first-grade French-immersion class. This study was carried out in a public elementary immersion school in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where English-speaking children throughout the school learn the school curriculum through a second language (French), starting in…

  15. A National Study of Teaching and Assessing Writing in Canadian Middle Grades Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Shelley Stagg; McClay, Jill

    2014-01-01

    This article reports comprehensive findings from a national study of the teaching and assessment of writing in classrooms across ten Canadian provinces and two of three territories. Through interviews with 216 grade 4-8 teachers and observations and interviews in 22 classrooms (1 to 3 classrooms in each province), we gathered information about…

  16. Teaching Skills to Second and Third Grade Children to Prevent Gun Play: A Comparison of Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelso, Pamela D.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Waters, Marit A.; Egemo-Helm, Kristin; Bagne, Angela G.

    2007-01-01

    A posttest only control group design was used to investigate the effects of two programs to teach firearm injury prevention skills to second and third grade children. Children were taught the safety skills "Stop. Don't touch. Leave the area. Tell an adult." should they ever find a firearm. The effectiveness of the National Rifle Association's…

  17. Classroom Behavior of Participants with ADHD Compared with Peers: Influence of Teaching Format and Grade Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, Naomi J.; Sheldrick, R. Chris; Frenette, Elizabeth C.; Rene, Kirsten M.; Perrin, Ellen C.

    2014-01-01

    Few studies examine the classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with classroom peers and which teaching formats best support classroom engagement. Observations (N = 312) of second- and fourth-grade students with ADHD and their randomly selected classroom peers were conducted using a…

  18. Commercial Software Programs Approved for Teaching Reading and Writing in the Primary Grades: Another Sobering Reality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lovell, Meridith; Phillips, Linda

    2009-01-01

    This article reports the results of a systematic and comprehensive evaluation of the suitability of 13 commercially available, authorized software programs for teaching reading and writing in the primary grades. These programs were assessed on interface design, content, instructional design, whether manufacturers' educational claims were supported…

  19. Successful Strategies for Teaching Reading to Middle Grades English Language Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolos, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    The author reviews exemplary strategies for teaching reading to middle grades English language learners (ELLs) derived from 21 peer-reviewed journal articles and professional books. The author presents an in-depth look at three successful categories of reading strategies: interactive read-alouds to model fluent reading and engage learners, the…

  20. Developing Essential Understanding of Multiplication and Division for Teaching Mathematics in Grades 3-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otto, Albert; Caldwell, Janet; Hancock, Sarah Wallus; Zbiek, Rose Mary

    2011-01-01

    This book identifies and examines two big ideas and related essential understandings for teaching multiplication and division in grades 3-5. Big Idea 1 captures the notion that multiplication is usefully defined as a scalar operation. Problem situations modeled by multiplication have an element that represents the scalar and an element that…

  1. An Evaluation of Grading and Instructional Feedback Skills of Graduate Teaching Assistants in Introductory Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doe, Sue R.; Gingerich, Karla J.; Richards, Tracy L.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored graduate teaching assistant (GTA) grading on 480 papers across two writing assignments as integrated into large Introductory Psychology courses. We measured GTA accuracy, consistency, and commenting (feedback) quality. Results indicate that GTA graders improved, although unevenly, in accuracy and consistency from Time 1 to 2…

  2. Teaching Global Awareness Using the Media. Grades 6-12, Global Awareness Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamy, Steven L.; And Others

    This teaching guide on global awareness contains 15 media-related activities for students in grades 6-12. The objective is to help students see how the media affect their opinions and the roles the media plays in world affairs. The activities are divided into five sections. The first section contains a general survey of the students' knowledge of…

  3. What Do Reading Teachers Teach in First Grade Classes?: A Study of Questions Teachers Ask.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayes, Bea

    Eighteen first grade reading classes in the Bedford-Stuyvesant section of Brooklyn were studied for differences in teacher verbal behavior in various types of reading programs. Nine of the classes were using the Direct Instructional System for Teaching Arithmetic and Reading (DISTAR) and nine of the classes were using the less structured…

  4. Using the Text Structures of Information Books to Teach Writing in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Sarah K.; Jones, Cindy D.; Reutzel, D. Ray

    2013-01-01

    Teaching children in the primary grades the text structures and features used by authors of information text has been shown to improve comprehension of information texts and provide the scaffolding and support these children need in order to write their own information texts. As teachers implement the "English Language Arts Common Core State…

  5. Classroom Behavior of Participants with ADHD Compared with Peers: Influence of Teaching Format and Grade Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, Naomi J.; Sheldrick, R. Chris; Frenette, Elizabeth C.; Rene, Kirsten M.; Perrin, Ellen C.

    2014-01-01

    Few studies examine the classroom behavior of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with classroom peers and which teaching formats best support classroom engagement. Observations (N = 312) of second- and fourth-grade students with ADHD and their randomly selected classroom peers were conducted using a…

  6. The Effects of Direct Teaching Styles on Motor Skill Acquisition of Fifth Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberger, Michael; Gerney, Philip

    1986-01-01

    This study tested the effects of three teaching styles on the motor skill acquisition of fifth grade children from low and high socio-economic status. Results revealed that, while one style was most productive with average children, exceptional children prospered under another style. (Author/MT)

  7. Teaching Skills to Second and Third Grade Children to Prevent Gun Play: A Comparison of Procedures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelso, Pamela D.; Miltenberger, Raymond G.; Waters, Marit A.; Egemo-Helm, Kristin; Bagne, Angela G.

    2007-01-01

    A posttest only control group design was used to investigate the effects of two programs to teach firearm injury prevention skills to second and third grade children. Children were taught the safety skills "Stop. Don't touch. Leave the area. Tell an adult." should they ever find a firearm. The effectiveness of the National Rifle Association's…

  8. The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades K-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.

    This teaching guide for grades K-1 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…

  9. The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 2-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.

    This teaching guide for grades 2-3 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…

  10. The Greatest Educational Change America Has Ever Seen. [Teaching Guide]. Grades 4-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United States Mint (Dept. of Treasury), Washington, DC.

    This teaching guide for grades 4-6 focuses on the 1999-2000 United States Mint 50 State Quarters Program, which includes new quarter designs for the following states: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, and Virginia. The guide includes six lesson plans that fit easily…

  11. Bowland Maths--Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Quentin

    2011-01-01

    The March issue of "Mathematics Teaching" included an article by Alice Onion about Bowland Maths, focussing on the nature and use of the Professional Development modules that the Bowland Trust has developed--there are now seven such CPD modules on the Bowland website. The article also mentioned that the Bowland Trust had recently conducted a…

  12. Bowland Maths--Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Quentin

    2011-01-01

    The March issue of "Mathematics Teaching" included an article by Alice Onion about Bowland Maths, focussing on the nature and use of the Professional Development modules that the Bowland Trust has developed--there are now seven such CPD modules on the Bowland website. The article also mentioned that the Bowland Trust had recently conducted a…

  13. Marilyn Burns: Mental Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Marilyn

    2007-01-01

    Everyday, people face situations that call for adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing, and at least half of the time, these calculations are accomplished without the use of pen, paper, or calculators. Because figuring "in your head" is such an important life skill, it should have a regular role in classroom math teaching. This article…

  14. The Constructivist Teaching Inventory: A New Instrument for Assessing Constructivist Teaching Practices in the Elementary Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Margaret A.; Hudson, Lynne M.; Wiersma, William

    An instrument to evaluate the effectiveness of constructivist teaching methods, the Constructivist Teaching Inventory (CTI), was developed and assessed, the assessment focusing on the validity and reliability of the instrument. A pool of items measuring the presence of identified elements of constructivist teaching was developed; items were…

  15. Home Economics Curriculum Guide. Tentative Supplement No. 3. All-Purpose Teaching of Home Economics, Grades 7, 8, and 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gary City Public School System, IN.

    GRADES OR AGES: Grades 7, 8, and 9. SUBJECT MATTER: Home economics. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The introductory material includes identification of an all-purpose teaching program, content areas and rotation of students, space and equipment, an all-purpose floor plan, and guidelines for meeting pupil needs. The units for each grade are…

  16. Visual Arts Teaching in Kindergarten through 3rd-Grade Classrooms in the UAE: Teacher Profiles, Perceptions, and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buldu, Mehmet; Shaban, Mohamed S.

    2010-01-01

    This study portrayed a picture of kindergarten through 3rd-grade teachers who teach visual arts, their perceptions of the value of visual arts, their visual arts teaching practices, visual arts experiences provided to young learners in school, and major factors and/or influences that affect their teaching of visual arts. The sample for this study…

  17. Extending Research on a Math Fluency Building Intervention: Applying Taped Problems in a Second-Grade Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windingstad, Sunny; Skinner, Christopher H.; Rowland, Emily; Cardin, Elizabeth; Fearrington, Jamie Y.

    2009-01-01

    A multiple-baseline, across-tasks design was used to extend research on the taped-problems (TP) intervention with an intact, rural, second-grade classroom. During TP sessions an audio recording paced the class through a series of 15 or 16 addition facts four times. Problems and answers were read and students were instructed to attempt to provide…

  18. Global Warming & the Greenhouse Effect. Grades 7-10. Teacher's Guide. Great Explorations in Math and Science (GEMS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hocking, Colin; And Others

    This series of educational activities is intended to help teachers communicate basic scientific concepts related to global warming and the greenhouse effect to students grades 7-10. Seven sessions provide laboratory activities, simulations, and discussions that can be used to improve student understanding of a number of important scientific…

  19. The Alignment of the easyCBM Grades K-2 Math Measures to the Common Core Standards. Technical Report #1228

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irvin, P. Shawn; Park, Bitnara Jasmine; Alonzo, Julie; Tindal, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    Within a response to intervention system of teaching and learning, important instructional decision-making (e.g., implementation of targeted intervention) is regularly tied to the results of formative assessments administered to students throughout the academic year. The validity of these instructional decisions depends to an extent on the…

  20. Quest for Gold: Math/Science Curriculum Resource Units for Gifted and Talented Youngsters: Grades Eight-Twelve.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Donald G.; Dockery, Linda B., Ed.

    Twelve resource units are presented for the teaching of science and mathematics to gifted students in secondary school. The units present an introduction, tips for teachers, objectives, activities, and materials lists. The units include: "Functions, Relations, and Graphs" (Priscilla Watts); "More Wham to the Gram (A Study of the Metric System)"…

  1. Beyond the Bubble: How to Use Multiple-Choice Tests to Improve Math Instruction, Grades 4-5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice

    2011-01-01

    Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…

  2. Beyond the Bubble, Grades 2-3: How to Use Multiple-Choice Tests to Improve Math Instruction, Grades 2-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wickett, Maryann; Hendrix-Martin, Eunice

    2011-01-01

    Multiple-choice testing is an educational reality. Rather than complain about the negative impact these tests may have on teaching and learning, why not use them to better understand your students' true mathematical knowledge and comprehension? Maryann Wickett and Eunice Hendrix-Martin show teachers how to move beyond the student's answer--right…

  3. Aviation. Fifth Grade. Anchorage School District Elementary Science Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defendorf, Jean, Ed.

    This unit of study is designed to teach the science of flight to students in the intermediate grades. Included are a list of materials for the unit, a discussion of the use of process skills, a list of unit objectives, vocabulary, teacher background information, 12 lessons, 5 quizzes, math problems, and a unit test. Lessons are oriented toward…

  4. Elementary Acid Rain Kit, Interdisciplinary, Grades 4-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stubbs, Harriett S.; And Others

    An interdisciplinary approach for teaching about acid rain is offered in this curriculum guide for teachers of grades 4-8. Skill and concept areas of science, math, social studies, art, and the language arts are developed in 12 activities which focus on the acid rain problems. A matrix of the activities and subject areas indicates the coverage…

  5. Elementary Acid Rain Kit, Interdisciplinary, Grades 4-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stubbs, Harriett S.; And Others

    An interdisciplinary approach for teaching about acid rain is offered in this curriculum guide for teachers of grades 4-8. Skill and concept areas of science, math, social studies, art, and the language arts are developed in 12 activities which focus on the acid rain problems. A matrix of the activities and subject areas indicates the coverage…

  6. Cardboard Boat Building in Math Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omundsen, John

    2014-01-01

    If you want to get the attention of a group of eighth grade math students, tell them they are going to build a life-size cardboard boat. To increase interest, follow up this statement by telling them that two to four of them will actually be rowing this boat across a small pond. Eighth grade math students at Oasis Charter Middle School in…

  7. Saxon Math. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Saxon Math", published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, is a core curriculum for students in grades K-12. This report includes studies that investigate the potential impact of "Saxon Math" for students in grades 6-8. A distinguishing feature of the curriculum is its use of an incremental approach for instruction and assessment. This approach limits…

  8. On the relationship between math anxiety and math achievement in early elementary school: The role of problem solving strategies.

    PubMed

    Ramirez, Gerardo; Chang, Hyesang; Maloney, Erin A; Levine, Susan C; Beilock, Sian L

    2016-01-01

    Even at young ages, children self-report experiencing math anxiety, which negatively relates to their math achievement. Leveraging a large dataset of first and second grade students' math achievement scores, math problem solving strategies, and math attitudes, we explored the possibility that children's math anxiety (i.e., a fear or apprehension about math) negatively relates to their use of more advanced problem solving strategies, which in turn relates to their math achievement. Our results confirm our hypothesis and, moreover, demonstrate that the relation between math anxiety and math problem solving strategies is strongest in children with the highest working memory capacity. Ironically, children who have the highest cognitive capacity avoid using advanced problem solving strategies when they are high in math anxiety and, as a result, underperform in math compared with their lower working memory peers. PMID:26342473

  9. The Impact of MOVE IT Math(TM) and Traditional Textbook Instruction on Math Achievement Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Angela Stephens

    2010-01-01

    One recommendation of government, education, and business leaders is an increased emphasis on math and science instruction in public schools. The purpose of this quantitative study using a posttest, quasi-experimental design was to determine if the Math Opportunities, Valuable Experiences, and Innovative Teaching (MOVE IT Math(TM)) program…

  10. Elementary teachers past experiences: A narrative study of the past personal and professional experiences of elementary teachers who use science to teach math and reading

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Acre, Andrea M.

    This qualitative study investigated the experiences of four elementary teachers who have elected to use science to teach math and reading/language arts in an attempt to identify what motivates them to do so. Identifying what experiences have motivated these teachers to go against the gain and teach elementary science in this current era of high-stakes tests is of the upmost importance given that science is being eliminated from the elementary curriculum and it is during the elementary years that students' nurture and develop their interest in science. Additionally, the United States is failing to produce enough college graduates in STEM areas to fill the thousands of STEM jobs each year. Through a review of the literature, the past trends and current trends of elementary science education were explored as well as teacher training. Furthermore, the literature reviewed inquiry teaching which is considered to be the most effective teaching method when teaching science at any level. Using John Dewey's Interest and Effort Relationship Theory and the Self-Determination Motivation Theory to guide this study, there were five prominent themes which emerged from the reconstructed stories of the four teachers: positive experiences with science, neutral/negative experiences with science, seeks meaningful professional development, influence and support from others, and regret/wants to do more.

  11. Exploring caves: teaching packet for grades K-3

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    1998-01-01

    "Exploring Caves" is an interdisciplinary set of materials on caves for grades K-3. Caves entail at least five scientific disciplines: earth science, hydrology, mapping, biology, and anthropology. Each of these disciplines involves a unique content area as well as the development of particular intellectual skills. This unit aims at helping teachers to sort and organize the most important ideas in this rich scientific area. Detailed lesson plans serve as ways to pass these ideas on to very young students. Most American caves are big holes that form in limestone rock. The holes begin as cracks in limestone. The cracks get bigger and bigger. They grow into underground streams, rivers, and even lakes. When water drains away, the waterways turn into open cave tunnels, passages, and caverns. It takes 10,000 to 100,000 years to form a cave big enough for people to move around inside. Water drips constantly in caves. The drips dissolve limestone minerals in one part of the cave. As water dries out, the minerals build up in other places. In this way, beautiful cave rock formations and crystals grow over thousands of years. These rock formations change dark limestone caves into hidden fantasy lands.

  12. Math's Double Standard. Math Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achieve, Inc., 2013

    2013-01-01

    Far too many students in the U.S. give up on math early because it does not come easy and they believe only students with innate ability can really be "good" at mathematics, a notion that is all too often reinforced by adults who believe the same thing. There is a serious gap between how Americans value math generally and how they value math for…

  13. The Effects of Using Flashcards with Reading Racetrack to Teach Letter Sounds, Sight Words, and Math Facts to Elementary Students with Learning Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erbey, Rachel; McLaughlin, T. F.; Derby, K. Mark; Everson, Mary

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of reading racetrack and flashcards when teaching phonics, sight words, and addition facts. The participants for the sight word and phonics portion of this study were two seven-year-old boys in the second grade. Both participants were diagnosed with a learning disability. The third participant…

  14. Cross-Discipline Teaching for English Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upczak-Garcia, Anne

    2012-01-01

    The author works as a biliteracy teacher in a bilingual school that serves students from K-5th grade. She and her coteacher provide instruction in both English and Spanish to 4th and 5th graders. They have two language arts blocks so that students receive literacy instruction in both their native and second languages, and they teach math, social…

  15. Parrot Math.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    Parrot math (memorization) seeks to control children through external rewards and punishments, rather than harness their intelligence and curiosity. Recent standardized test results document parrot math's failure. Activities-based approaches, supported by a constructivist philosophy (involving classifying, inferring, generalizing, and…

  16. Math Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lorenzi, Natalie

    2012-01-01

    Math games bring out kids' natural love of numbers. Yet in the waning days of school, students can't wait for that final bell to ring. Each summer, most students lose about two months of mathematical computation skills. So how do teachers keep their students focused on math up till the end? Before sending them off for the summer, get them hooked…

  17. Math Wars.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abreu, Julio

    2000-01-01

    Four decades ago following Russia's Sputnik satellite launching, the nation embraced "new" math as part of its commitment not to fall behind its global neighbors. Issues addressed in "new-new" math include equal access to challenging learning, problem solving, reasoning and proof, communications, multiple ways to solve problems, and the influence…

  18. Commercially Published Elementary Math Curricula and Their Related Effects on Third- and Fourth-Grade Student Achievement on the South Dakota Test of Educational Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaler, Cheryl D.

    2013-01-01

    Since the United States Congress enacted the No Child Left Behind Act in 2001, school districts have been charged with ensuring that all students are proficient in reading and math by 2014. Schools failing to achieve are labeled as failing or needing improvement. This study sought to determine if commercially produced elementary math curricula…

  19. Teaching Minds, Healing Bodies: A Canadian College Encourages Students to Enter Health Careers by Emphasizing Math and Science Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jalan, Rahael

    1992-01-01

    Describes Saskatchewan Indian Federated College's preprofessional, university-level science program and its focus on building math and science skills and on Indian culture, traditional medicine, current and future health care needs, and the goals of Indian people. Reports departmentwide enrollment increases. (DMM)

  20. Effects of Course Experiences on Self-Efficacy in Teaching Math: A Case Study of Preservice Elementary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogden, Michele A.

    2012-01-01

    Elementary students' math achievement in the United States is mediocre in comparison to that of students in other countries. Students in California perform below the national average on standardized tests. Reform efforts in mathematics education aim at proficiency in fact fluency, procedural knowledge, conceptual knowledge, and application of…

  1. Integrating Math & Computer Skills in the Biology Classroom: An Example Using Spreadsheet Simulations to Teach Fundamental Sampling Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ray, Darrell L.

    2013-01-01

    Students often enter biology programs deficient in the math and computational skills that would enhance their attainment of a deeper understanding of the discipline. To address some of these concerns, I developed a series of spreadsheet simulation exercises that focus on some of the mathematical foundations of scientific inquiry and the benefits…

  2. Games as Formative Assessment Environments: Examining the Impact of Explanations of Scoring and Incentives on Math Learning, Game Performance, and Help Seeking. CRESST Report 796

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delacruz, Girlie C.

    2011-01-01

    Due to their motivational nature, there has been growing interest in the potential of games to help teach academic content and skills. This report examines how different levels of detail about a game's scoring rules affect math learning and performance. Data were collected from 164 students in the fourth to sixth grades at five after-school…

  3. Great Explorations in Math and Science[R] (GEMS[R]) The Real Reasons for Seasons. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Great Explorations in Math and Science"[R] ("GEMS"[R]) "The Real Reasons for Seasons" is a curriculum unit for grades 6-8 that focuses on the connections between the Sun and the Earth to teach students the scientific concepts behind the seasons. The unit utilizes models, hands-on investigations, peer-to-peer discussions, reflection, and…

  4. Attitudes of eighth-grade honors students toward the conceptual change methods of teaching science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heide, Clifford Lee

    1998-12-01

    The study researched the attitude of eighth grade honors science students toward the steps of the conceptual change teaching method. The attitudes of 25 students in an honors 8th grade science class in the Greater Phoenix metropolitan area were assessed using a multi-method approach. A quantitative method (student survey) and a qualitative method (focus group) were triangulated for convergence. Since conceptual change is a relatively new reform teaching modality, the study assessed students' attitudes utilizing this method. Conceptual change teaching is characterized by connections between concepts and facts which are organized around key ideas. Knowledge connected through concepts is constantly revised and edited by students as they continue to learn and add new concepts. The results of this study produced evidence that the conceptual change method of teaching science and its six process steps have qualities that foster positive student attitude. The study demonstrated that students' attitudes toward science is positively influenced through the conceptual change teaching method by enabling students to: (1) choose problems and find solutions to those problems (student directed); (2) work together in large and small groups; (3) learn through student oral presentations; (4) perform hands-on laboratory experiences; (5) learn through conceptual understanding not memorization; (6) implement higher order learning skills to make connections from the lab to the real world. Teachers can use the information in the study to become aware of the positive and negative attitudes of students taught with the conceptual change method. Even if the conceptual change teaching strategy is not the modality utilized by an educator, the factors identified by this study that affect student attitude could be used to help a teacher design lesson plans that help foster positive student attitudes.

  5. AN OBSERVATION ABOUT HAWTHORNE EFFECT IN AN EXPERIMENT IN THE TEACHING OF READING IN FIRST GRADE--A HYPOTHESIS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCCRACKEN, ROBERT A.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE IF A HAWTHORNE EFFECT WERE PRESENT IN A 3-YEAR LONGITUDINAL STUDY WHICH COMPARED TWO METHODS OF TEACHING READING IN FIRST GRADE. THE INITIAL SUBJECTS WERE TWO TEACHERS AND FIVE FIRST-GRADE CLASSES OF RANDOMLY ASSIGNED STUDENTS WHO COMPOSED ONE EXPERIMENTAL, ONE CONTROL, AND THREE SUBCONTROL GROUPS.…

  6. The Effect of Using Computer Games in Teaching Mathematics on Developing the Number Sense of Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…

  7. The Effect of Using Computer Games in Teaching Mathematics on Developing the Number Sense of Fourth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nejem, Khamis Mousa; Muhanna, Wafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using computer games in teaching mathematics on developing the number sense of fourth grade students. To achieve this purpose a study sample of (81) students was selected from the fourth grade. This sample was divided into two groups. One group was randomly chosen to be the experimental…

  8. Observation in a School without Walls: Peer Observation of Teaching in a 2nd-12th Grade Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salvador, Josephine

    2012-01-01

    What happens when teachers start to observe each other's classes? How do teachers make meaning of observing and being observed? What effects, if any, does requiring peer observation have on the teaching community? This research explores these questions in a qualitative study of peer observation of teaching (POT) in the 2nd-12th grades of an…

  9. Identifying Statistical Concepts Associated with High and Low Levels of Self-Efficacy to Teach Statistics in Middle Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrell-Williams, Leigh M.; Sorto, M. Alejandra; Pierce, Rebecca L.; Lesser, Lawrence M.; Murphy, Teri J.

    2015-01-01

    Previous mathematics and science education research indicates that knowledge and beliefs, including teaching efficacy, affect teachers' actions and effectiveness in a classroom. Our middle grades and high school Self-Efficacy to Teach Statistics (SETS) instruments, aligned with the statistical concepts in national and state guidelines such as the…

  10. An Interaction of Learning and Teaching Styles Influencing Mathematic Achievements of Ninth-Grade Students: A Multilevel Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damrongpanit, Suntonrapot; Reungtragul, Auyporn

    2014-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to explore students' learning styles and teachers' teaching styles and study the effects and interaction effects of learning styles and teaching styles on mathematics achievements. The subjects were 3,382 ninth-grade students and 110 mathematic teachers. The main results revealed that most students were…

  11. Observation in a School without Walls: Peer Observation of Teaching in a 2nd-12th Grade Independent School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salvador, Josephine

    2012-01-01

    What happens when teachers start to observe each other's classes? How do teachers make meaning of observing and being observed? What effects, if any, does requiring peer observation have on the teaching community? This research explores these questions in a qualitative study of peer observation of teaching (POT) in the 2nd-12th grades of an…

  12. The Effects of Three Styles of Teaching on the Psychomotor Performance and Social Skill Development of Fifth Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberger, Michael; And Others

    1982-01-01

    The effectiveness of three teaching styles in promoting motor skill acquisition and social skill development were examined in 96 fifth-grade students. Styles B, C, and E from Mosston's "Spectrum of Teaching Styles" appeared to be beneficial in helping students learn motor skills. (CJ)

  13. A Teaching Model for Scaffolding 4th Grade Students' Scientific Explanation Writing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Hsiu-Ting; Wang, Kuo-Hua

    2014-08-01

    Improving students scientific explanations is one major goal of science education. Both writing activities and concept mapping are reported as effective strategies for enhancing student learning of science. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a teaching model, named the DCI model, which integrates a Descriptive explanation writing activity, Concept mapping, and an Interpretive explanation writing activity, is introduced in a 4th grade science class to see if it would improve students' scientific explanations and understanding. A quasi-experimental design, including a non-randomized comparison group and a pre- and post-test design, was adopted for this study. An experimental group of 25 students were taught using the DCI teaching model, while a comparison group received a traditional lecture teaching. A rubric and content analysis was used to assess students' scientific explanations. The independent sample t test was used to measure difference in conceptual understanding between the two groups, before and after instruction. Then, the paired t test analysis was used to understand the promotion of the DCI teaching model. The results showed that students in the experimental group performed better than students in the comparison group, both in scientific concept understanding and explanation. Suggestions for using concept mapping and writing activities (the DCI teaching model) in science classes are provided in this study.

  14. Teaching Fractions: Strategies Used for Teaching Fractions to Middle Grades Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naiser, Emilie A.; Wright, Wendy E.; Capraro, Robert M.

    2004-01-01

    Fractions are often difficult for students to fully comprehend. Teachers must find a variety of strategies to use in the classroom for teaching fractions. This study was conducted to identify effective strategies used by middle school teachers in order to find ways to improve fraction instruction. For four months, data were collected in 12…

  15. Teaching nature of science explicitly in a first-grade internship setting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akerson, Valarie L.; Volrich, Morgan L.

    2006-04-01

    This case study focused on a preservice teachers' (Morgan) efforts to explicitly emphasize nature of science (NOS) elements in her first-grade internship classroom. The study assessed the change in first grade students' views of the inferential, tentative, and creative NOS as a result of the explicit instruction. Morgan held appropriate views of NOS, had the intention and motivation to teach NOS, and had a supporting experience explicitly emphasizing NOS embedded in physics content to peer college students. Data sources included weekly classroom observations of explicit NOS science lessons taught by Morgan, interview of Morgan to determine that her views of NOS were informed and that she would have the NOS content knowledge to teach in line with recommended reforms, and interviews of the first-grade students pre- and postinstruction to determine the influence of Morgan's instruction on their views of observation and inference, the tentative NOS, and the creative and imaginative NOS. Data were analyzed to determine (a) the approaches Morgan used to emphasize NOS in her instruction, and (b) students' views of NOS pre- and postinstruction to track change in their views. It was found that Morgan was able to explicitly emphasize NOS using three teacher-designed methods, and that the influence on student views of the inferential, tentative, and creative NOS was positive. Implications for teacher development are provided.

  16. The Effect of Co-Teaching on Student Achievement in Ninth Grade Physical Science Classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    LaFever, Karen M.

    Co-teaching is a method that is increasing within schools across the US as educators strive to leave no child behind. It is a costly method, having two paid instructors in one classroom, with an average of 24 students shared between them. If it significantly increases the achievement of all students, it is well worth the costs involved. However, few studies have analyzed the effectiveness of this method on student achievement. This research follows the academic accomplishments of students in a ninth grade physical science course. Nine sections of the course "Force and Motion" were taught with a single teacher, and two additional sections were co-taught, one led by a science-certified and special educator, and another co-taught by two science certified teachers. Subgroup achievement performance was analyzed to determine whether significant differences exist between students with or without IEPs, as well as other factors such as free and reduced lunch status or gender. The results show significance with the presence of a co-teacher, while there is minimal effect size of co-teaching in this study for students with IEPs. The benefactors in these ninth grade co-taught classes were the students without IEPs, an unintended result of co-teaching.

  17. Teaching-as-Research Internships: A Model for the Development of Future Chemistry Faculty and the Improvement of Teaching in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillian-Daniel, Donald L.; Walz, Kenneth A.

    2016-01-01

    Over the past decade, the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) and Madison Area Technical College (Madison College) partnered to create an internship pathway for graduate students pursuing careers as future science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) faculty members. Since 2003, 10 doctoral students from the university completed…

  18. Teaching-as-Research Internships: A Model for the Development of Future Chemistry Faculty and the Improvement of Teaching in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillian-Daniel, Donald L.; Walz, Kenneth A.

    2016-01-01

    Over the past decade, the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison) and Madison Area Technical College (Madison College) partnered to create an internship pathway for graduate students pursuing careers as future science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) faculty members. Since 2003, 10 doctoral students from the university completed…

  19. Continuing French in Grade Four: MLA Teacher's Guide. A Course of Study Including Methods, Materials, and Aids for Teaching French to Fourth-Grade Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Mary P.; And Others

    This teacher's guide for use in a fourth-grade French course concentrates on the development of basic audiolingual skills. Twelve lessons, each containing an exposition, dialogue, teaching procedures, and dialogue adaptation, emphasize the use of French during classroom instruction. Lessons include: (1) a review unit, (2) "La chemise neuve," (3)…

  20. Mathematics Education in the Middle Grades: Teaching To Meet the Needs of Middle Grades Learners and To Maintain High Expectations. Proceedings of a National Convocation and Action Conferences (Washington, DC, September 25-27, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

    In September 1998, the Math Science Education National Board held a convocation on middle grades mathematics that was co-sponsored by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), the National Middle School Association (NMSA), and the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The convocation was structured to present the teaching…

  1. Curriculum Connections: Linking Literature and Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasko, Michelle

    2006-01-01

    Action research involving curricular integration of Math and reading is described in a personal account. Research supporting the benefits of subject integration is illustrated. An Action Research project in a third grade classroom of 26 participants was designed to determine and analyze students' connections between math and literature. The…

  2. Why the Common Core Changes Math Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulkner, Valerie N.

    2013-01-01

    The Common Core math standards promote several important differences in how math concepts are taught and should be talked about. These changes will make it easier for younger students to comprehend and adapt to more complex concepts in the later grades. This guide should help elementary teachers make changes and adaptations that are in line the…

  3. Using Concurrent Verbalization to Measure Math Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambeth, Cathryn Colley

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated variability in student performance on a concurrent verbalization measure based on a grade-level sample math word problem and sought to determine to what extent the variability in verbalization scores is related to scores on a reliable measure of reading (DIBELS Next) and math (easyCBM) and to student factors (e.g.…

  4. Math 110 Sticker Caper: A Retention Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd, Vivian; And Others

    Students enrolled in two sections of college algebra (Math 110) at the University of Maryland in spring 1984 were informed about assistance available from the Math Lab. They were also informed that a sticker would be attached to any one of the four semester exams when grades indicated that the student should pursue one or more of the Lab services.…

  5. Making the Math/Science Connection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Laurel Galbraith

    1989-01-01

    Suggestions are made for activities that combine the teaching of math and science. Math concepts include: graphing, estimating, measurement, statistics, geometry, and logic. Science topics include: plant reproduction, solar system, forces, longitude and latitude, Earth's magnetic field, nutrition, and heat. (IAH)

  6. The Adoption of Tablet and E-Textbooks: First Grade Core Curriculum and School Administration Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Mashaqbeh, Ibtesam; Al Shurman, Muneera

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of using e-textbooks, activities, games, and worksheets that loaded onto students tablets on first grade students' achievement on their core curriculum (science, math, English, Arabic) compared to the use of the traditional teaching method. It also, investigated the school administration reflection toward…

  7. A Study of First Grade Children and Their Recall Memory When Using Active Learning in Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fife, Britiney Michelle

    One of the most important concepts in the first grade math curriculum is learning addition facts. In schools today, teachers use many different methods to teach addition and subtraction concepts and the memorization of basic facts. A new movement in education advocates using movement to aid in rote memory of facts. In this project the researcher…

  8. From Biology to Mathematical Models and Back: Teaching Modeling to Biology Students, and Biology to Math and Engineering Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiel, Hillel J.; McManus, Jeffrey M.; Shaw, Kendrick M.

    2010-01-01

    We describe the development of a course to teach modeling and mathematical analysis skills to students of biology and to teach biology to students with strong backgrounds in mathematics, physics, or engineering. The two groups of students have different ways of learning material and often have strong negative feelings toward the area of knowledge…

  9. Math in Motion: Origami in the Classroom. A Hands-On Creative Approach to Teaching Mathematics. K-8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearl, Barbara

    This perfect bound teacher's guide presents techniques and activities to teach mathematics using origami paper folding. Part 1 includes a history of origami, mathematics and origami, and careers using mathematics. Parts 2 and 3 introduce paper-folding concepts and teaching techniques and include suggestions for low-budget paper resources. Part 4…

  10. A Comparison of Three Instructional Methods for Teaching Math Skills to Secondary Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billingsley, Glenna; Scheuermann, Brenda; Webber, Jo

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective of three instructional methods for teaching mathematics to secondary students with emotional and behavioral disorders. A single-subject alternating-treatments research design was used to compare three instructional methods: direct teach, computer-assisted instruction, and a combination…

  11. Accelerated Math[TM]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2011

    2011-01-01

    "Accelerated Math"[TM], published by Renaissance Learning, is a software tool used to customize assignments and monitor progress in math for students in grades 1-12. The "Accelerated Math"[TM] software creates individualized assignments aligned with state standards and national guidelines, scores student work, and generates reports on student…

  12. Math Is in the Eye of the Beholder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Judith

    A researcher surveyed 161 students in adult education math classes at four community colleges in Illinois and 13 adult education math teachers. Both groups were asked to complete the survey from the viewpoint of a student. The respondents were asked what should math classes teach; what kind of problems they most enjoy working on in class; whether…

  13. An Experimental Evaluation of Four Elementary School Math Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the effectiveness of four elementary school math curricula: (a) "Investigations in Number, Data, and Space"; (b) "Math Expressions"; (c) "Saxon Math"; and (d) "Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Mathematics" ("SFAW"). These curricula are distinct from one another and represent many of the diverse approaches used to teach

  14. Beating the Odds: The Real Challenges behind the Math Achievement Gap--And What High-Achieving Schools Can Teach Us about How to Close It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberger, Susan

    2008-01-01

    One of the most persistent inequities in U.S. education is the gap in math achievement along income and race lines. Yet some secondary schools beat the odds, producing consistently strong math performance with students who likely would fail in traditional settings. This report advocates that the math achievement gap is not the result of poor and…

  15. Opportunities for Learning Math in Elementary School: Implications for SES Disparities in Procedural and Conceptual Math Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachman, Heather J.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Castle Heatly, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined whether multiple opportunities to learn math were associated with smaller socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in fifth-grade math achievement using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD; N = 1,364). High amounts of procedural math instruction were associated with higher…

  16. Opportunities for Learning Math in Elementary School: Implications for SES Disparities in Procedural and Conceptual Math Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachman, Heather J.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Castle Heatly, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    The present study examined whether multiple opportunities to learn math were associated with smaller socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in fifth-grade math achievement using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD; N = 1,364). High amounts of procedural math instruction were associated with higher…

  17. Web-based virtual microscopy in teaching and standardizing Gleason grading.

    PubMed

    Helin, Henrik; Lundin, Mikael; Lundin, Johan; Martikainen, Paula; Tammela, Teuvo; Helin, Heikki; van der Kwast, Theo; Isola, Jorma

    2005-04-01

    Gleason grading forms the basis of prognostic and therapeutic assessment in prostatic carcinoma despite its subjective nature and substantial interobserver variation. The accuracy of Gleason grading can be improved by the use of educational tools such as reference images. However, conventional microscopy images are of limited educational value because it is neither possible to view the sample at different magnifications nor to navigate into different areas of the specimen. This limitation can be overcome by the use of virtual microscopy, which allows viewing entire digitized microscope slides. We created an interactive Web site ( www.webmicroscope.net/gleason ) featuring a comprehensive set of prostatic needle biopsies as virtual slides, which can be viewed with a standard Web browser (Internet Explorer or Netscape). To evaluate the validity of Web-based virtual microscopy for Gleason grading, an experienced uropathologist (TK) scored a series of 62 biopsies from the original glass slides and 6 weeks later from virtual slides on the Web site using an ordinary desktop computer. The intraobserver agreement was excellent, with identical Gleason scores found in 48 of the 62 cases ( kappa = 0.73). The 14 remaining scores differed only by 1 point on the Gleason scale (2-10). The virtual slides were viewed by 2 other uropathologists (PM and HH), with interobserver kappa coefficients ranging from 0.55 to 0.62, which is within the range of previously reported studies using glass slides. The 3 uropathologists' Gleason scores were included as reference scores on the Web site, which now serves as a publicly open platform for self-testing and learning of Gleason grading. We conclude that Web-based virtual microscopy is a promising new tool for teaching and standardizing Gleason grading. PMID:15891999

  18. Career Related Math Units for General Math 9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grotenhuis, Paul; Purcell, Carol

    In this collection of four career-oriented units designed to enhance a ninth grade general math curriculum, the objectives listed are (1) to provide a job oriented environment in which students are encouraged to develop responsible attitudes toward employer and self and to find interest areas to use as the basis for career choices, (2) to provide…

  19. Mobile Math: Math Educators and Students Engage in Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Teresa; Peng, Li-Wei

    2008-01-01

    The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch[R] was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope,…

  20. Mobile Math: Math Educators and Students Engage in Mobile Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Teresa; Peng, Li-Wei

    2008-01-01

    The public and educational communities are aware of the continuing crisis in math education in our middle schools and the convergence of technologies for teaching and learning. This paper presents a case study in which iPod Touch[R] was used to help middle school students learn about algebraic equations and, in particular, the concept of slope,…

  1. Tangible Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarlatos, Lori L.

    2006-01-01

    Educators recognize that group work and physical involvement with learning materials can greatly enhance the understanding and retention of difficult concepts. As a result, math manipulatives--such as pattern blocks and number lines--have increasingly been making their way into classrooms and children's museums. Yet without the constant guidance…

  2. Tangible Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarlatos, Lori L.

    2006-01-01

    Educators recognize that group work and physical involvement with learning materials can greatly enhance the understanding and retention of difficult concepts. As a result, math manipulatives--such as pattern blocks and number lines--have increasingly been making their way into classrooms and children's museums. Yet without the constant guidance…

  3. Math Makeover

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delmore, Patrick

    2005-01-01

    A survey of Georgia O'Keeffe Middle School math classes five years ago would have revealed ability-grouped classes, with lower level classes populated by poor, minority students; an eclectic curriculum based upon teacher-selected content and pedagogy; and a significant percentage of students scoring less than proficient on state standardized…

  4. Talking Maths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Jenny

    2006-01-01

    Discussion in maths lessons has always been something encouraged by ATM but can be difficult to initiate for non-specialist and inexperienced teachers who may feel they need material in books to get them going. In this article, the author describes resources aimed at encouraging discussion among primary mathematicians. These resources include: (1)…

  5. Penguin Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Daniel; Kearney, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Emperor penguins, the largest of all the penguin species, attain heights of nearly four feet and weigh up to 99 pounds. Many students are not motivated to learn mathematics when textbook examples contain largely nonexistent contexts or when the math is not used to solve significant problems found in real life. This article's project explores how…

  6. Penguin Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Daniel; Kearney, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Emperor penguins, the largest of all the penguin species, attain heights of nearly four feet and weigh up to 99 pounds. Many students are not motivated to learn mathematics when textbook examples contain largely nonexistent contexts or when the math is not used to solve significant problems found in real life. This article's project explores how…

  7. A Study Determining Significant Differences in TerraNova Reading and Math Scores between Eighth Grade African and European American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Barriett Jackson

    2011-01-01

    The participating school system's minority population, notably African Americans, ranked in the top five school systems in academic performance in reading and math when compared to other states and other African American populations across the United States. These measurements were taken from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…

  8. A Study Determining Significant Differences in TerraNova Reading and Math Scores between Eighth Grade African and European American Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Barriett Jackson

    2011-01-01

    The participating school system's minority population, notably African Americans, ranked in the top five school systems in academic performance in reading and math when compared to other states and other African American populations across the United States. These measurements were taken from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).…

  9. The Effects of Observation of Learn Units during Reinforcement and Correction Conditions on the Rate of Learning Math Algorithms by Fifth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neu, Jessica Adele

    2013-01-01

    I conducted two studies on the comparative effects of the observation of learn units during (a) reinforcement or (b) correction conditions on the acquisition of math objectives. The dependent variables were the within-session cumulative numbers of correct responses emitted during observational sessions. The independent variables were the…

  10. Everything You Need To Know about Math Homework. A Desk Reference for Students and Parents. Fourth to Sixth Grades. Scholastic Homework Reference Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeman, Anne; Kelly, Kate

    This book is written to answer commonly asked homework questions of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders. Included are facts, charts, definitions, explanations, examples, and illustrations. Topics include ancient number systems; decimal system; math symbols; addition; subtraction; multiplication; division; fractions; estimation; averages; properties;…

  11. The Effects of Observation of Learn Units during Reinforcement and Correction Conditions on the Rate of Learning Math Algorithms by Fifth Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neu, Jessica Adele

    2013-01-01

    I conducted two studies on the comparative effects of the observation of learn units during (a) reinforcement or (b) correction conditions on the acquisition of math objectives. The dependent variables were the within-session cumulative numbers of correct responses emitted during observational sessions. The independent variables were the…

  12. Using Math Journals to Enhance Second Graders' Communication of Mathematical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kostos, Kathleen; Shin, Eui-kyung

    2010-01-01

    As an action research project, using mixed methodology, this study investigated how the use of math journals affected second grade students' communication of mathematical thinking. For this study, math journal instruction was provided. The data gathering included pre- and post- math assessment, students' math journals, interviews with the…

  13. Errors in Multi-Digit Arithmetic and Behavioral Inattention in Children with Math Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raghubar, Kimberly; Cirino, Paul; Barnes, Marcia; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fletcher, Jack; Fuchs, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    Errors in written multi-digit computation were investigated in children with math difficulties. Third- and fourth-grade children (n = 291) with coexisting math and reading difficulties, math difficulties, reading difficulties, or no learning difficulties were compared. A second analysis compared those with severe math learning difficulties, low…

  14. Errors in Multi-Digit Arithmetic and Behavioral Inattention in Children with Math Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raghubar, Kimberly; Cirino, Paul; Barnes, Marcia; Ewing-Cobbs, Linda; Fletcher, Jack; Fuchs, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    Errors in written multi-digit computation were investigated in children with math difficulties. Third- and fourth-grade children (n = 291) with coexisting math and reading difficulties, math difficulties, reading difficulties, or no learning difficulties were compared. A second analysis compared those with severe math learning difficulties, low…

  15. The Effects of the Multiple Intelligence Teaching Strategy on the Academic Achievement of Eighth Grade Math Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, Onika; Burton, Kimberly Smith; Reese-Durham, Nancy

    2008-01-01

    Education has been the platform of many individuals in and out of politics. Often, the topic is focused on school test scores, student achievement, and the demand for highly qualified teachers in the classroom. The No Child Left Behind legislation mandates school systems to adhere to a curriculum that promotes academic growth. Therefore, teachers…

  16. Hard-To-Teach Science Concepts: A Framework to Support Learners, Grades 3-5. Hard-to-Teach Science Concepts Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koba, Susan B.

    2011-01-01

    Authors Susan Koba and Carol Mitchell introduce teachers of grades 3-5 to their conceptual framework for successful instruction of hard-to-teach science concepts. Their methodology comprises four steps: (1) engage students about their preconceptions and address their thinking; (2) target lessons to be learned; (3) determine appropriate strategies;…

  17. Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Sekundarstufe 2 (Foreign Language Teaching in Secondary Grade 2. On the Critique of Konrad Schroeder for the Education Commission of the German Education Council)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zapp, Franz Josef

    1976-01-01

    Refers to a critique of FL teaching at Secondary Grade 2; discusses questions of teaching objectives, organization and content of curricula, sequence of foreign languages taught, and effects of the upper level reforms on Secondary Grade 1. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  18. Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) Brining STEM Research to 7th-12th Grade Science and Math Classrooms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radencic, S.; McNeal, K. S.; Pierce, D.

    2012-12-01

    The Initiating New Science Partnerships in Rural Education (INSPIRE) program at Mississippi State University (MSU), funded by the NSF Graduate STEM Fellows in K-12 Education (GK12) program, focuses on the advancement of Earth and Space science education in K-12 classrooms. INSPIRE currently in its third year of partnering ten graduate students each year from the STEM fields of Geosciences, Engineering, Physics and Chemistry at MSU with five teachers from local, rural school districts. The five year project serves to enhance graduate student's communication skills as they create interactive lessons linking their STEM research focus to the state and national standards covered in science and math classrooms for grades 7-12 through inquiry experiences. Each graduate student is responsible for the development of two lessons each month of the school year that include an aspect of their STEM research, including the technologies that they may utilize to conduct their STEM research. The plans are then published on the INSPIRE project webpage, www.gk12.msstate.edu, where they are a free resource for any K-12 classroom teacher seeking innovative activities for their classrooms and total over 300 lesson activities to date. Many of the participating teachers and graduate students share activities developed with non-participating teachers, expanding INSPIRE's outreach of incorporating STEM research into activities for K-12 students throughout the local community. Examples of STEM research connections to classroom topics related to earth and ocean science include activities using GPS with GIS for triangulation and measurement of area in geometry; biogeochemical response to oil spills compared to organism digestive system; hydrogeology water quality monitoring and GIS images used as a determinant for habitat suitability in area water; interactions of acids and bases in the Earth's environments and surfaces; and the importance of electrical circuitry in an electrode used in sediment analysis. INSPIRE is striving to create synergy with other education focused grants at MSU, including those that focus on climate literacy and Earth hazards. Graduate students create at least one lesson plan that links their STEM research to climate related topics to share in their assigned K-12 classrooms. They also assist with a science day sponsored at MSU centered on Earth hazards where local middle school students participate. In addition to the development of interactive experiences that bring current STEM research into the classroom, INSPIRE also creates and organizes inquiry activities for National GIS Day each year. Graduate students not only design the GIS explorations focused on hazards, but they also guide middle school students through these explorations. Additionally, all graduate students involved with INSPIRE are required to participate in at least one Science Fair event either at the local school level or at the regional competitions. Participating teachers have noted that several students had science fair projects that included some aspect of the STEM research topics they had learned about from the graduate students in the classroom.

  19. A Mindset for Math. Techniques for Identifying and Working with Math-Anxious Girls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Genshaft, Judy; Naglieri, Jack

    Described in this guide are the techniques used in a mathematics anxiety treatment project. All eighth- and tenth-grade students in two junior high schools and two high schools in a large urban school district were evaluated to determine their "math-anxiety" and "math-achievement" levels. Forty-five junior high and 45 high school girls were…

  20. Evaluation of the MIND Research Institute's Spatial-Temporal Math (ST Math) Program in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendt, Staci; Rice, John; Nakamoto, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    The MIND Research Institute contracted with the Evaluation Research Program at WestEd to conduct an independent assessment of mathematics outcomes in elementary school grades across California that were provided with the ST Math program. Spatial-Temporal (ST) Math is a game-based instructional software designed to boost K-5 and secondary-level…