The casestudies contained herein are the products of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without ephasis on media or industry in order to provide an open program where ground-breaking concepts were given a fair opportunity. The P2SB provided awards of up to $25,000 to assist small businesses for conducting their own demonstrations of pollution prevention techniques and technologies, and for advancing their products towards a practical stage.
The casestudies contained herein are the products of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without ephasis on media or industry in order to provide an open program where
Various reasons are brought forward for the demise of companies in the face of fundamental technological change. Most often blamed is an insufficient technology intelligence process. However, existing research is contradictory on how this process should be organised. Therefore it is the objective of this casestudy to derive insight into the organisation of the technology intelligence process by analysing
This chapter focuses attention on tribology technology practice related to vacuum tribology and space tribology. Two casestudies describe aspects of real problems in sufficient detail for the engineer and the scientist to understand the tribological situations and the failures. The nature of the problems is analyzed and the range of potential solutions is evaluated. Courses of action are recommended.
This book contains the following casestudies on the integration of technology in education: (1) "First Steps toward a Statistically Generated Information Technology Integration Model" (D. LaMont Johnson and Leping Liu); (2) "CaseStudies: Are We Rejecting Rigor or Rediscovering Richness?" (Cleborne D. Maddux); (3) "Electronic Expressions: Using…
Johnson, D. LaMont, Ed.; Maddux, Cleborne D., Ed.; Liu, Leping, Ed.
of this study is to explore the criteria of effective information technology governance processes employed in universities and their impact on the diffusion of appropriate technology to the base level users. From6 A CASESTUDY OF IMPROVING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY GOVERNANCE IN A UNIVERSITY CONTEXT Michael Hicks
If technological roadmapping is important in the process of rapid technology commercialization, and if a method tailored to roadmapping nascent disruptive technologies does not exist, and if these very same disruptive technologies portend to be the future economic engines for firms, countries, and regions, then there is cause for concern. This article seeks to shed some light on the process
energy supply is based on solar thermal collectors, a photovoltaic system, as well as building technology such as outside temperature and solar radiation. At periodic intervals, the system will make automatic adjustments
Development of new technology is critical to the growth and success of technology-driven companies. New technology is generated in a number of ways, one of the most important being the company's own internal research and ...
Offshoring Technology Innovation: A CaseStudy of Rare-earth Technology BRIAN J. FIFAREK Carnegie Innovation: A CaseStudy of the Rare-earth Technology Forthcoming at Journal of Operations Management home base. The analysis uses patents in the rare earth element industry, a high tech area which
This article is a casestudy of an integrated, experiential approach to improving pre-service teachers' understanding and use of educational technologies in one New Zealand teacher education programme. The study examines the context, design and implementation of a learning activity which integrated student-centred approaches, experiential…
This second draft of a manuscript for a high school engineering and technology course uses casestudies as its format. The principles associated with various engineering problems are presented along with their effects on daily life. Topics include the computer, the automotive power system, satellite communications, the petroleum industry, water…
Damaskos, Nickander J., Ed.; Smyth, Michael P., Ed.
The crisis atmosphere surrounding electricity availability in California during the summer of 2001 produced two distinct phenomena in commercial energy consumption decision-making: desires to guarantee energy availability while blackouts were still widely anticipated, and desires to avoid or mitigate significant price increases when higher commercial electricity tariffs took effect. The climate of increased consideration of these factors seems to have led, in some cases, to greater willingness on the part of business decision-makers to consider highly innovative technologies. This paper examines three casestudies of innovative technology adoption: retrofit of time-and-temperature signs on an office building; installation of fuel cells to supply power, heating, and cooling to the same building; and installation of a gas-fired heat pump at a microbrewery. We examine the decision process that led to adoption of these technologies. In each case, specific constraints had made more conventional energy-efficient technologies inapplicable. We examine how these barriers to technology adoption developed over time, how the California energy decision-making climate combined with the characteristics of these innovative technologies to overcome the barriers, and what the implications of hurdling these barriers are for future energy decisions within the firms.
Payne, Christopher T.; Radspieler Jr., Anthony; Payne, Jack
1 Interactive Technologies in a Large Enrollment Class A CaseStudy in Information Technology appropriate way for children to learn science is through hands-on activities. Yet many universities provide Cycle is the use of technology. During both the exploration and the application phases students
The Innovative Clean TechnologiesCaseStudies contained herein are the product of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without emphasis on media or industry in order to provide an
The Innovative Clean TechnologiesCaseStudies contained herein are the product of the 'Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business' Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in their industries. The P2SB focused on high-risk concepts without emphasis on media or industry in order to provide an open program where ground-breaking concepts were given a fair opportunity. The P2SB provided awards of up to $25,000 to assist small businesses for conducting their own demonstrations of pollution prevention techniques and technologies and for advancing their products towards a practical stage. In its second year, the P2SB funded projects in a variety of industries across the nation. The publication provides a history of the P2SB and lists case histories of the projects funded in the second year.
As a result of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident, radioactive fission products have contaminated the food chain in the Ukraine. The highest doses to humans are a result of cesium contamination in milk. The milk produced in the Ukraine contains radioactive cesium at levels up to 10 times the acceptance standards. Bradtec has developed and demonstrated technology for the US Department of Energy for the treatment of groundwater and effluent water. This technology has also been tested and demonstrated for the Ukrainian government for the purpose of treating contaminated milk. Bradtec, a small business offering specialized technologies in the field of environmental remediation and waste management, has successfully worked with a consortium of businesses, National Laboratories and DOE Headquarters staff to develop and implement a technology demonstration strategy which has led to the implementation of a series collaboration agreements with Ukrainian officials. This paper describes, in a casestudy approach, the path followed by Bradtec and its collaboration partners in successfully implementing a technology transfer strategy. Also presented is an update on new programs that can provide benefit to private sector companies as DOE seeks to assist the private sector in joint venture/technology transfer relationships with the NIS (New Independent States). This paper should be of interest to all businesses seeking to participate in business opportunities in the NIS.
Dunn, M.J. [Bradtec, Atlanta, GA (United States); Walker, J.S.
Hurdling Barriers Through Market Uncertainty: CaseStudies in Innovative Technology Adoption technologies. This paper examines three casestudies of innovative technology adoption: retrofit of time process that led to adoption of these technologies. In each case, specific constraints had made more
This paper proposes a framework for developing a national strategy for information technology development and diffusion in support of economy-wide competitiveness. The specific country case is India, a developing economy with substantial promise to become...
This study investigated the gap that exists between the technological knowledge and skills preservice teachers possess and their confidence in using them to successfully integrate technology in their classrooms. Specifically, this study addressed whether a model of instructional delivery using the integration of technology practices into the…
This paper describes elements of success for demonstration, evaluation, and transfer for deployment of innovative technologies for environmental restoration. They have been compiled from lessons learned through the US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Technology Development`s Volatile Organic Compounds in Arid Soil Integrated Demonstration (VOC-Arid ID). The success of the VOC-Arid ID program was determined by the rapid development demonstration, and transfer for deployment of technologies to operational sites that improve on safety, cost, and/or schedule of performance over baseline technologies. The VOC-Arid ID successfully fielded more than 25 innovative technology field demonstrations; several of the technologies demonstrated have been successfully transferred for deployment Field demonstration is a critical element in the successful transfer of innovative technologies into environmental restoration operations. The measures of success for technology demonstrations include conducting the demonstration in a safe and controlled environment and generating the appropriate information by which to evaluate the technology. However, field demonstrations alone do not guarantee successful transfer for deployment There are many key elements throughout the development and demonstration process that have a significant impact on the success of a technology. This paper presents key elements for a successful technology demonstration and transfer for deployment identified through the experiences of the VOC-Arid ID. Also, several casestudies are provided as examples.
Brouns, T.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Koegler, K.J. [Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Richland, WA (United States); Mamiya, L.S. [USDOE Richland Operations Office, WA (United States)
Educational research has documented that technology can enhance student acquisition of discrete skills through drill and practice. This document presents case-study profiles from a study that examined whether technology could provide significant support for constructivist, project-based, teaching and learning approaches. The study also identified…
This paper reports on a five-year study of a technology-enhanced educational reform initiative at a university in eastern China. A faculty team attempted pedagogical and curricular reform to better prepare English majors for international communication, collaboration, and research using new technologies. The effort resulted in the development of several project-based courses as well as incorporation of technology as a supplement
All the health care facilities examined in the casestudies addressed several important organizational issues before and during the installation of their systems. All the facilities examined employee commitment. The prudent managers considered how easily their employees adapt to changes in their jobs and work environment. They considered how enthusiastic cooperation can be fostered in the creation of a liberated and reengineered office. This was determined not only by each individual's reaction to change, but also by the health care facility's track record with other system installations. For example, document image, diagnostic image, and coded data processing systems allow the integration of divergent health care information systems within complex institutions. Unfortunately, many institutions are currently struggling with how to create an information management architecture that will integrate their mature systems, such as their patient care and financial systems. Information managers must realize that if optical storage technology-based systems are used in a strategic and planned fashion, these systems can act as focal points for systems integration, not as promises to further confuse the issue. Another issue that needed attention in all the examples was the work environment. The managers considered how the work environment was going to affect the ability to integrate optical image and data systems into the institution. For example, many of these medical centers have created alliances with clinics, HMOs, and large corporate users of medical services. This created a demand for all or part of the health information outside the confines of the original institution. Since the work environment is composed of a handful of factors such as merged medical services, as many work environment factors as possible were addressed before application of the optical storage technology solution in the institutions. And finally, the third critical issue was the organization of work. "Organizations that understand their business processes are having no trouble whatsoever justifying the cost of optical storage-based information management systems," said Thornton May, director of imaging research at Nolan Norton Institute. "It is only confusing to organizations that do not have a feel for what is happening in the flow of work in the company. If an organization has on-line performance measurements with regard to time, cost, quality, error rates, and customer service, the move to optical image and data management technology is a no-brainer."(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:10119028
Findings from a three-year study to determine the ratio of male and female graduates employed in industrial-related jobs after completing industrial technology programs at Black Hawk College, Moline, Illinois, show no significant difference in the employability rate. Several factors may limit the study validity. (MF)
The following study examines the implementation of learning technologies in Guyana, South America. Specifically, the study addresses the impact of using interactive radio instruction for teaching mathematics and SuccessMaker software for enhancing literacy skills. The research results were based on surveys, interviews, classroom observations, and…
The experiences of six industrial firms with the new Federal policy of internal offsets are described. Offsets, regulatory reforms initiated by the Environmental Protection Agency and called by the generic title of emission trading, were introduced to allow continued economic growth in nonattainment areas and to stimulate innovation in pollution control and process technology by making it profitable for firms to create more reductions than the law now requires. The problems of defining and measuring innovation as well as presenting industrial firm perceptions of innovation associated with offset cases are discussed.
A Key Technology Evaluation CaseStudy: Applying a New Middleware Architecture on the Enterprise, firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Decisions for key technologies, like middleware, for large scale projects are hard, because the impact and relevance of key technologies go beyond their core technological
In this paper, we perform a casestudy of secondary batteries research and technology to develop a method of detecting gaps between science and technology via a combination of citation- and expert-based approaches. Scientific research tended to be basic, whereas patents focused on applied technology developed from the basic research. Of five science research fronts and five areas of technology,
The report discusses technical, environmental, and other issues associated with using landfill gas as fuel, and presents casestudies of projects in the U.S. illustrating some common energy uses. he full report begins by covering basic issues such as gas origin, composition, and ...
Industrial facilities are vulnerable to natural disasters. Natural disasters and technological accidents are not always singular or isolated events. The example in this paper show that they can occur in complex combinations and/or in rapid succession, known as NaTech disasters, thereby triggering multiple impacts. This analysis indicates that NaTech disasters have the potential to trigger hazmat releases and other types of technological accidents. Climate changes play an important role in prevalence and NATECH triggering mechanisms. Projections under the IPCC IS92 a scenario (similar to SRES A1B; IPCC, 1992) and two GCMs indicate that the risk of floods increases in central and eastern Europe. Increase in intense short-duration precipitation is likely to lead to increased risk of flash floods. (Lehner et al., 2006). It is emergent to develop tools for the assessment of risks due to NATECH events in the industrial processes, in a framework starting with the characterization of frequency and severity of natural disasters and continuing with complex analysis of industrial processes, to risk assessment and residual functionality analysis. The Ponds with dangerous technological residues are the most vulnerable targets of natural hazards. Technological accidents such as those in Baia Mare, (from January to March 2000) had an important international echo. Extreme weather phenomena, like those in the winter of 2000 in Baia Mare, and other natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes, can cause a similar disaster at Târn?veni in Transylvania Depression. During 1972 - 1978 three decanting ponds were built on the Chemical Platform Târn?veni, now SC BICAPA SA, for disposal of the hazardous-wastes resulting from the manufacture of sodium dichromate, inorganic salts, sludge from waste water purification and filtration, wet gas production from carbide. The ponds are located on the right bank of the river Târnava at about 35-50m from the flooding defense dam. The total amount of toxic waste stored in the three ponds is about 2500 tons, equivalent at 128 tons expressed in hexavalent chromium. The ponds contour dikes are strongly damaged in many places, their safety is jeopardized by leakages, sliding slopes and ravens. The upstream dike has an increased failure risk. The upstream dike has an increased failure risk. In that section the coefficients of safety are under the allowable limit, both in static applications, and the earthquake. The risk of failure is very high also due to the dikes slopes. The risk becomes higher in case of heavy rainfall, floods or an earthquake.
Boca, Gabriela; Ozunu, Alexandru; Nicolae Vlad, Serban
The mismatch between the print-based literacy focus of most classrooms and the lived electronic lives of teenagers prompted our casestudy of educational blogging. We conducted classroom observations in an eighth- and a ninth-grade English class over a two-month period and conducted thematic analyses of blogs created by the teacher and 28 eighth-grade students. We observed that the students were
Judith C. Lapadat; Willow I. Brown; Glen Thielmann; Catherine E. McGregor
The Role of Books, Libraries, Technology, and Culture in Children's Lives: An International case, as well as collecting drawings from children, this casestudy describes the role of books, libraries understand the role of books, libraries, technology, and culture in children's lives. The goal
collaborative technology was developed, used by children, and evaluated in an authentic setting -- a U of a technology to support and encourage young children (grades K-4) to concurrently explore, collaborateA casestudy of Tangible Flags: A collaborative technology to enhance field trips Gene Chipman 1
A changing mindset combined with changing technology is driving the use of games and simulations. People are becoming more open to using games and simulations for learning, and, at the same time, the technologies are making the development of games and simulations easier and faster than a mere five years ago. Together, the changing mindset and the…
Technology management has assumed a role of vital importance in today's health care environment. Capital reserves and operating income have been stretched by pervasive and expensive technologies, while overall reimbursement has been reduced. It is imperative for hospitals to develop and consistently use technology management processes that begin prior to a technology's introduction in the hospital and continue throughout its life cycle. At Samaritan Health System (SHS), an integrated health care delivery system based in Phoenix, technology management provides tools to improve decision making and assist in the system's integration strategy as well as control expenses. SHS uses a systemwide technology-specific plan to guide acquisition and/or funding decisions. This plan describes how particular technologies can help achieve SHS' organizational goals such as promoting system integration and/or improving patient outcomes while providing good economic value. After technologies are targeted in this systemwide plan they are prioritized using a two-stage capital prioritization process. The first stage of the capital prioritization process considers the quantitative and qualitative factors critical for equitable capital distribution across the system. The second stage develops a sense of ownership among the parties that affect and are affected by the allocation at a facility level. This process promotes an efficient, effective, equitable, and defensible approach to resource allocation and technology decision making. Minimizing equipment maintenance expenditures is also an integral part of technology management at SHS. The keys to reducing maintenance expenditures are having a process in place that supports a routine fiscal evaluation of maintenance coverage options and ensuring that manufacturers are obligated to provide critical maintenance resources at the time of equipment purchase. Maintenance service options under consideration in this report include full-service contracts with the manufacturer, insurance coverage, time and materials, and independent service vendors/in-house support. Careful consideration of all the ramifications of each option is warranted because there are substantial cost differences among these methods. At SHS, technology management efforts resulted in equipment purchases and maintenance negotiations representing savings of more than $1.5 million in a single year. SHS undertakes an intensive review of purchases and maintenance expenditures, using the techniques described in this report, with the objective of reducing expenses by 10% per year. This report describes the technology management methods that SHS uses to achieve these results. PMID:10139509
The concepts of healthcare reform and population health are shifting the emphasis from traditional, volume-based care to a model in which value, or quality, predominates. High quality care will be increasingly rewarded, with financial consequences for poor performance. This shift will be accelerated by the use of healthcare technology, a rapidly growing industry with tools ranging from electronic health records to smart phones and web portals. In this article we highlight pertinent legislative reforms followed by a review of technologies that may play a role in the implementation of these reforms. Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is used as an example given the large number of proposed tools for this condition. While the evidence base is weak for some technologies, research regarding web portals is better developed and will be presented as an example of a technology that may allow practitioners and organizations to improve healthcare quality in several dimensions. PMID:23712720
1 Supporting Classroom Discussion with Technology: A CaseStudy in Environmental Science Natalie two academic departments: offerings of Environmental Science and Resource Management courses, Environmental Science, Tablet PC. INTRODUCTION In this paper, we describe a collaborative project between
Two basic ways in which NASA-generated technology is being used by the fire safety community are described. First, improved products and systems that embody NASA technical advances are entering the marketplace. Second, NASA test data and technical information related to fire safety are being used by persons concerned with reducing the hazards of fire through improved design information and standards. The development of commercial fire safety products and systems typically requires adaptation and integration of aerospace technologies that may not have been originated for NASA fire safety applications.
This paper deals with the experimental compari- son among the performance indexes of different photovoltaic technologies, which are obtained by means of a specifically designed monitoring system. A description of the monitoring system is provided by focusing attention towards its metrological management, which allows traceable results to be obtained that are qualified in terms of measurement uncertainty. Preliminary results are
For many, e-learning and blended learning are seen as a technical solution to improve teaching. It is commonly viewed as neutral - just another tool in the lecturer's kit bag. This we believe is a naïve view and hides the extent and complexity of change required at universities (8, 9). Technology is not just another way of delivering course content.
The fundamentals of technology diffusion are introduced in this paper. Mathematical and heuristic (loose) modeling are defined and illustrated with real data. Starting with the embryonic phase, diffusion undergoes growing and mature phases and ends in the aging phase. The cumulative adoption function (of time) denoting the total number of users of a certain product is the output of the
The youngest workforce generation seems to crave games and simulations, and even older workers are coming to enjoy them. But what do new trends in these areas mean for the company, the learners, and the organization's strategic goals? In this article, two experts in the field, Clarissa Graffeo and David Metcalf of the Mixed Emerging Technology…
The general chemistry course at Harvey Mudd College presents chemical principles and addresses technology's impact on society. Students consider environmental and economic implications of chemical scenarios in real-world casestudies created for team-based analysis and discussion. Casestudy design, implementation, and assessment are presented.…
with rivals, including in steam engines, iron and steel production and textile machinery. In casestudies Innovation" may be a recent management fad and Open Source Software may be a recent development technological improvements in key technologies such as textile machinery, steam engines, iron and steel
We draw on interactional community theory to analyze the relationship between information technology and local development through a casestudy of a geographically isolated and economically disadvantaged rural school district. This district has used state-of-the-art information technology infrastructure in a broad-based community and economic…
Schafft, Kai A.; Alter, Theodore R.; Bridger, Jeffrey C.
This paper analysis a successful casestudy about knowledge and technology transfer (KTT) that can be taken into consideration by the universities wishing to improve their KTT models. Indeed, once the factors that foster the knowledge and technology transfer between universities and firms are identified, it will be possible to act accordingly in order to convert the new knowledge generated
This paper reports on industrial deployment of multi-agent systems and agent technology. It provides an overview of several application domains and an in-depth presenta- tion of four specific casestudies. The presented applications and deployment domains have been analyzed. The analysis indicates that despite strong industrial involvement in this field, the full potential of the agent technology has not been
This is the final report of the latest effort in a series sponsored by the National Science Foundation on the innovation process. It adds to the store of retrospective casestudies by documenting historically the significant events in several technological innovations of high social impact. These cases, drawn together by the Battelle Columbus…
Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH. Columbus Labs.
This article presents a casestudy of e-tutoring teaching practice during a 20-week e-tutoring program aimed at improving the English proficiency of targeted students. The study revealed what and why certain online tools were used by e-tutors and investigated how different technological proficiency and face-to-face (f2f) teaching experience shaped…
This casestudy investigates how well secondary preservice teachers are prepared to use technology in teaching in China. The study focuses on a teacher education program that is a representative of many of those in mid-sized Chinese universities. It examines participants' experiences with, perspectives of, and expectations about the use of…
This study used a casestudy methodology to document an example of how technology was used to engage students in an experiential eLearning (eeLearning) process in order to enhance student learning, student engagement, course relevance, and interaction in an undergraduate course delivered online. While online course delivery has become an accepted…
This autobiographical casestudy is concerned with the personal journey of the author as he attempts to implement a technology-based innovation within the HE institution in which he teaches. This study scrutinises the author's role as "change agent" and examines his personal situational power base in the context of the institution's dynamics. It…
Ethnographic studies of domestic environments have shown the fun- damental role that contextual locations play in helping people understand and manage communication information. Yet it is not clear how this knowledge can be applied to the design of home technologies to effectively support the routines of home inhabitants. For this reason, we present two casestudies in home tech- nology
This paper presents techniques for examining communities at risk within the analytical framework of linear communities, a concept developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) researchers for cases in which technologies affect long, narrow geographic areas. Linear communities are defined solely by their proximity to these technological intrusions rather than by political boundaries. The research methods discussed in this paper were used in a recent ORNL study undertaken to define and analyze impacts resulting from US Air Force training flights conducted in designated low-altitude airspaces. First, four issues had to be addressed: (1) defining community boundaries; (2) designing an effective strategy for selecting casestudy sites within time, personnel, and budgetary constraints; (3) choosing a representative sample of respondents within each casestudy site; and (4) describing and analyzing the impacts of linear technologies on linear communities. Then, ORNL addressed the problem of community boundary definition by limiting data collection to the area within flight corridors. A representative sample of casestudy sites was selected from a population of 600 routes using a stratified sampling process. Respondents were chosen within each casestudy corridor by creating a sampling frame consisting of road segments, drawing a proportional, random sample of road segments from this, and selecting individual structures from each segment with a random number table. Finally, the problem of analyzing impacts on linear communities was solved by aggregating survey responses by route.
Schweitzer, M.; Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Energy Division); Braid, R.B. (Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States))
Web 2.0 technologies are becoming more popular in the everyday lives of students. As a result, teachers and designers have begun to explore their use in formal education. This paper presents evaluation findings from a collective casestudy of six Web 2.0 implementations in Australian higher education. The research was undertaken as part of a…
Bennett, Sue; Bishop, Andrea; Dalgarno, Barney; Waycott, Jenny; Kennedy, Gregor
The purpose of the qualitative positivistic casestudy was to explore whether resource communication technology has helped or would help the marketing of textile products in the U.S. textile industry. The contributions of human capital in the marketing department, the marketing-demand information system function, and the product supply chain…
The purpose of this qualitative casestudy was to analyze enabling factors in the technology integration change process in a multi-section science methods course, SCIED 408 (pseudonym), from 1997 to 2003 at a large northeastern university in the United States. We used two major data collection methods, in-depth interviewing and document reviews.…
This paper investigates the current and future uses and payoffs of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) in Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs), based on a small-scale survey and two casestudies. The main conclusion is that Chinese SOEs are very keen to implement AMT and replace their outdated equipment. However, owing to the lack of financial resources and experience, the percentage of
This paper discusses the use of a university spin-out firm to bring a potentially disruptive technology to market. The focus for discussion is how a spin-out can build a technology ecosystem of providers of complementary resources to enable partner organizations to build competence in a novel and potentially disruptive technology. The paper uses the illustrative case of Cambridge Display Technology
1 A Stochastic Optimization CaseStudy using ILOG CPLEX Concert Technology: Dual Sourcing Model for Managing Supply Chain Disruptions Vikas Argod Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania Computing and Cyberinfrastructure (RCC), Information Technology Services (ITS), The Pennsylvania State
This report represents the preliminary effort in studying the significance of recognition for innovators of spinoff technologies. The purpose of this initial year's effort in this area was to gather preliminary data and define the direction for the remainder of the research. This report focuses on the most recent recipients of the Hall of Fame Award, the developers of liquid-cooled garments. Liquid-cooled garments technology and its spinoffs were used as a casestudy to define and explore the factors involved in technology transfer and to consider the possible incentives in developing commercial applications including the Hall of Fame Award. Through interviews, views of award recipients were obtained on factors encouraging spinoffs as well as impediments to spinoffs. The researchers observed complex inter-relationships among the significant entities (government, individuals, large and small business), the importance of people, the importance of resource availability, and the significance of intrinsic motivation; drew preliminary conclusions pertaining to the direct and indirect influence of recognition like the Hall of Fame Award; and planned the direction for next year's follow-on research.
Environmental modelers are testing and evaluating a prototype land cover characteristics database for the conterminous United States developed by the EROS Data Center of the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Nebraska Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. This database was developed from multi temporal, 1-kilometer advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data for 1990 and various ancillary data sets such as elevation, ecological regions, and selected climatic normals. Several casestudies using this database were analyzed to illustrate the integration of satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems technologies with land-atmosphere interactions models at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. The casestudies are representative of contemporary environmental simulation modeling at local to regional levels in global change research, land and water resource management, and environmental simulation modeling at local to regional levels in global change research, land and water resource management and environmental risk assessment. The casestudies feature land surface parameterizations for atmospheric mesoscale and global climate models; biogenic-hydrocarbons emissions models; distributed parameter watershed and other hydrological models; and various ecological models such as ecosystem, dynamics, biogeochemical cycles, ecotone variability, and equilibrium vegetation models. The casestudies demonstrate the important of multi temporal AVHRR data to develop to develop and maintain a flexible, near-realtime land cover characteristics database. Moreover, such a flexible database is needed to derive various vegetation classification schemes, to aggregate data for nested models, to develop remote sensing algorithms, and to provide data on dynamic landscape characteristics. The casestudies illustrate how such a database supports research on spatial heterogeneity, land use, sensitivity analysis, and scaling issues involving regional extrapolations and parameterizations of dynamic land processes within simulation models.
Steyaert, Louis T.; Loveland, Thomas R.; Brown, Jesslyn F.; Reed, Bradley C.
This qualitative casestudy describes a unique online professional development program utilizing Web 2.0 technologies for teachers of German using the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) model as a theoretical framework to promote technology literacy, expand German language proficiency and cultural knowledge, and integrate…
Summary.-Recent literature has shown the possibility of enabling individuals with multiple disabilities to make telephone calls independently via computer-aided telephone technology. These two casestudies assessed a modified version of such technology and a commercial alternative to it for a woman and a man with multiple disabilities, respectively. The modified version used in Study 1 (a) presented the names of the persons available for a call and (b) reminded the participant of the response she needed to perform (i.e., pressing a microswitch) if she wanted to call any of those names/persons. The commercial device used in Study 2 was a Galaxy S3 (Samsung) equipped with the S-voice module, which allowed the participant to activate phone calls by uttering the word "Call" followed by the name of the persons he wanted to call. The results of the studies showed that the participants learned to make phone calls independently using the technology/device available. Implications of the results are discussed. PMID:25153758
Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Boccasini, Adele; La Martire, Maria L; Lang, Russell
Abstract Purpose This study explored the impact of personal digital assistant (PDA) features, users' perceptions, and other factors that may have hindered PDA acceptability and usability as technology advances in e-health diabetes self-management. Study Design and Results An ongoing study on PDA usage is set within the context of the advancements of Web 2.0 for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management e-interventions. Advancements in technology as it relates to the future of T2DM mobile applications are discussed as possible deterrents of PDA acceptability and usability. Conclusions This casestudy illustrates the importance of addressing factors that may impede the adoption of electronic devices intended for sustained health behavior change. Recognizing the importance of individual perception within the context of rapid technological advancements is imperative for designing future health interventions. Incorporating electronic devices that individuals are more inclined to utilize, such as smartphones, as the platform for health interventions is a promising strategy to improve acceptability and usability, allowing researchers to more accurately assess the health benefits of self-management programs. PMID:23013155
Huber, John C.; Bolin, Jane N.; Ory, Marcia G.; Moudouni, Darcy M.; Helduser, Janet; Begaye, Dawn; Bonner, Timethia J.; Forjuoh, Samuel N.
Energy Information Systems (EIS), which can monitor and analyze building energy consumption and related data throughout the Internet, have been increasing in use over the last decade. Though EIS developers describe the capabilities, costs, and benefits of EIS, many of these descriptions are idealized and often insufficient for potential users to evaluate cost, benefit and operational usefulness. LBNL has conducted a series of casestudies of existing EIS and related technology installations. This study explored the following questions: (1) How is the EIS used in day-to-day operation? (2) What are the costs and benefits of an EIS? (3) Where do the energy savings come from? This paper reviews the process of these technologies from installation through energy management practice. The study is based on interviews with operators and energy managers who use EIS. Analysis of energy data trended by EIS and utility bills was also conducted to measure the benefit. This paper explores common uses and findings to identify energy savings attributable to EIS, and discusses non-energy benefits as well. This paper also addresses technologies related to EIS that have been demonstrated and evaluated by LBNL.
Motegi, Naoya; Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Dewey, Jim
This paper investigates ways to obtain consumer preferences for technology products to help designers identify the key attributes that contribute to a product's market success. A casestudy of residential photovoltaic ...
This thesis investigates ways to obtain consumer preferences for technology products to help designers identify the key attributes that contribute to a product's market success. A casestudy of residential solar PV panels ...
The case for introducing new energy technologies in a country highly dependent on imported energy is examined. Results are given for three runs of the EFOM-12C model aimed at reducing energy import costs. The following candidate technologies are included in the database for the model: coal liquefaction, conversion of power stations from oil to coal, wood burning power stations, and
When Does Variable Rate Technology for Agricultural Sprayers Pay? A CaseStudy for Cotton herbicides, insecticides, plant growth regulators and harvest aids. Many of these inputs are applied required to pay for investments in VRT. To illustrate this framework, a casestudy for cotton production
Objectives To understand organisational technology adoption (initiation, adoption decision, implementation) by looking at the different types of innovation knowledge used during this process. Design Qualitative, multisite, comparative casestudy design. Setting One primary care and 11 acute care organisations (trusts) across all health regions in England in the context of infection prevention and control. Participants and data analysis 121 semistructured individual and group interviews with 109 informants, involving clinical and non-clinical staff from all organisational levels and various professional groups. Documentary evidence and field notes were also used. 38 technology adoption processes were analysed using an integrated approach combining inductive and deductive reasoning. Main findings Those involved in the process variably accessed three types of innovation knowledge: ‘awareness’ (information that an innovation exists), ‘principles’ (information about an innovation's functioning principles) and ‘how-to’ (information required to use an innovation properly at individual and organisational levels). Centralised (national, government-led) and local sources were used to obtain this knowledge. Localised professional networks were preferred sources for all three types of knowledge. Professional backgrounds influenced an asymmetric attention to different types of innovation knowledge. When less attention was given to ‘how-to’ compared with ‘principles’ knowledge at the early stages of the process, this contributed to 12 cases of incomplete implementation or discontinuance after initial adoption. Conclusions Potential adopters and change agents often overlooked or undervalued ‘how-to’ knowledge. Balancing ‘principles’ and ‘how-to’ knowledge early in the innovation process enhanced successful technology adoption and implementation by considering efficacy as well as strategic, structural and cultural fit with the organisation's context. This learning is critical given the policy emphasis for health organisations to be innovation-ready. PMID:22492183
Casestudies of five French firms illustrate the impact of new work technologies on training. Liquid Corporation has embarked on changes in production technology in response to market needs. Four aspects of the change process are as follows: creating the climate for change, selecting operators, defining new training requirements, and training for…
Rapid technological enhancements and changes necessitate people who can understand the relation between science and technology and perceive as well as comment on technological enhancements. The aim of the present study was to determine physics students comprehension of the operation principles of wired telephone, mobile phone, and latest medical…
The goal of this study is to provide a framework for analyzing air quality events in the state of Georgia on a regional scale by combining remote sensing technologies and continuous PM2.5 concentrations (particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in diameter). Our approach involves analyses of ground-based PM data, satellite observations as well as optical modeling. We use the PM2.5 data that are available on an hourly basis for late spring 2004-2007 from across Georgia. Satellite data include Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) and True Color Images from MODIS (available twice daily since 2002) and vertical aerosol profiles from CALIPSO (available since June 2006). The PM2.5 and AOD data are used to calculate multi-year averages and frequency distributions of elevated data measurements. To determine how the optical properties of urban aerosols and biomass burning affect satellite retrieval-derived products e.g. AOD, an optical model is used to predict theoretical values of AOD and PM2.5. The casestudied here presents multiple bad air quality events that occur in Georgia throughout April and June 2007 due to a large wildfire within the Okeefenokee Wildlife Refuge. This casestudy highlights the advantages gained from the merging of ground based measurements with remotely sensed data to more accurately describe bad air quality events.
There are many influences on a child's identity. Photobook technology purposefully prepared around science explorations presents a modern opportunity to repeatedly trigger memories that reinforce the "me, as scientist" viewpoint. Semi-structured interviews at 6 and 8 years of age were conducted with a child who was the subject of a photobook of everyday science activities to gain insights into his thinking about the nature of science and how he interprets his younger self participating. Interview data were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using dimensions from the previously established parameters for the nature of science. The child's statements about his participation in the photos were matched to these dimensions to consider how he sees himself "doing science" through his early years. Preliminary findings suggest that the child recognizes elements of science and regards himself as an active participant. In both interviews, the child reinforces these views by the opportunity to revisit the experiences in the photobook. Affective components may motivate further science involvement as well: the child enjoyed the time and attention that the photos and discussion provided; the child took pride in being the subject of a book. This casestudy suggests that there is a fertile field of research to investigate how, for whom, and in what ways internet photobook technology may enhance a child's developing identity as capable science explorer.
The effective utilization of the limited scarce bandwidth resources allocated by a spectrum regulator usually the Nigerian Communications Commissions (NCC) in Nigeria universities is paramount in maximizing the usage of the expensive scarce bandwidth resources. A significant bandwidth allocation is needed in order to meet up with the challenges of the day and the task of networking, communicating and reaching the word in our universities. Therefore, bandwidth management becomes necessary and essential. This paper contributes in that direction by surveying the bandwidth utilization at Federal University of Technology Minna campus with the hope of proffering a general solution that can be adopted in Nigerian universities for effective bandwidth management. Also, factors that hindered the development of most Nigeria universities are also examined. The federal university of technology minna which is structured like all other universities in the country in terms of the bandwidth requirement was choosing as a casestudy for this research work. Furthermore, some policies which can be adopted in order to effectively manage the scarce bandwidth resources in Nigerian universities are also proposed.
Haq, A.; Bello Salau, H.; Aibinu, A. M.; Onwuka, E. N.
The work done at ORA for NASA-LRC in the design and formal verification of a hardware implementation of a scheme for attaining interactive consistency (byzantine agreement) among four microprocessors is presented in view graph form. The microprocessors used in the design are an updated version of a formally verified 32-bit, instruction-pipelined, RISC processor, MiniCayuga. The 4-processor system, which is designed under the assumption that the clocks of all the processors are synchronized, provides software control over the interactive consistency operation. Interactive consistency computation is supported as an explicit instruction on each of the microprocessors. An identical user program executing on each of the processors decides when and on what data interactive consistency must be performed. This exercise also served as a casestudy to investigate the effectiveness of reusing the technology which was developed during the MiniCayuga effort for verifying synchronous hardware designs. MiniCayuga was verified using the verification system Clio which was also developed at ORA. To assist in reusing this technology, a computer-aided specification and verification tool was developed. This tool specializes Clio to synchronous hardware designs and significantly reduces the tedium involved in verifying such designs. The tool is presented and how it was used to specify and verify the interactive consistency circuit is described.
The purpose of this study is to identify the level of technology acceptance among school teachers from the components of awareness and motivation, training and courses, training design, and supports and facilities. This study also aims to investigate whether teachers' acceptance of technology could influence their readiness for the pedagogical use…
A study examined the impact on newspaper managers of three emerging technologies: videotex, personal computer networks, and pagination. The study predicted that: (1) the greater the relative advantage and compatibility of a technology, the less likely will the manager need to pursue motivational and controlling measures in getting subordinates to…
The successful development and application of an assisted breeding program in any animal relies primarily on a thorough understanding of the fundamental reproductive biology (anatomy, physiology and behaviour) of the species in question. Surely, the ultimate goal and greatest hallmark of such a program is the efficacious establishment of a series of reliable techniques that facilitate the reproductive and genetic management of fragmented populations, both in captivity and in the wild. Such an achievement is all the more challenging when the reproductive biology of that species is essentially rudimentary and without adequate reproductive models to compare to. Using the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) as a casestudy, this chapter provides some personal insights into the evolution of a concept that began as a small undergraduate student project but that subsequently evolved into the first-ever successful artificial insemination of a marsupial. Apart from this historical perspective, we also provide a brief review of the current reproductive biology of the koala, discuss technical elements of current assisted breeding technology of this species, its potential application to the wombat, and the future role it might play in helping to conserve wild koala populations. There is little doubt that the unique reproductive biology and tractability of the koala has in this case been a benefit rather than a hindrance to the success of artificial breeding in this species. PMID:25091911
This paper reports an experience of the author teaching high school 3D geometry with origami. In this case, students were originally expected to construct a 3D-hexaflexagon by imitating video tape so that they can understand some related math concepts better. However students demonstrated strong willing of exploring the concerned enchanting paper craft. They did not want to just memorize the folding procedures or be limited within verifying some math concepts. The teacher had then to extend the class time to 2 class periods, so that a series of creative activities are invited in. After the primary goals have been reached, two extra activities were launched. First, by exploring a torus forming animation, they explored a different algorithm of forming a hexaflexagon. Secondly, when another animation of Hexaflexagon made by the teacher was presented, the students can then explore the function of the slope of the creases. Some smart students found hexaflexagons with different shape or even different type. So the thinking level of the students reached the highest creating level by curriculum re-design. This casestudy comes to the conclusions that origami as well as good questions motivate students' higher level thinking. As students' scaffolds, video and animation technology are essential in helping the learners understanding origami in right perspectives.
The objectives of this research are to improve raw material and energy consumption efficiency, as well as reduce defects and the use of chemicals in the arm coil assembly process of hard disk drive manufacturing in the casestudy company by applying the Cleaner Technology concepts. The four main sequential steps used in this research were: (1) pre-assessment, (2) assessment, (3) feasibility study, and (4) implementation. In the first step, raw data, such as process flows, raw material usage and defects data were collected. In the second step, the loss during production and causes of loss were analyzed. Opportunities to reduce raw material, chemical and energy wastage could then be recommended. The next step was to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a particular Cleaner Technology opportunity. Finally, in the last step, after a thorough evaluation and implementation of the opportunities to apply Cleaner Technology, the results showed that arm coil defects could be reduced by improving the production process using the ECRS technique. ECRS stands for Eliminate, Combine, Rearrange and Simplify. This improvement reduced arm coil defect rates from 0.48% to 0.15%, thus saving approximately 139,638 Thai Baht per month. In addition, production stoppage decision made by workers was used to increase employee involvement in defect detection. Allowing workers to participate in such a decision was an effective way to reduce defect rate and could motivate workers to produce a better quality job. This resulted in arm coil defects reducing from 0.41% to 0.025%, with about 74,562 Thai Baht per month saving. Additionally, an increase in the efficiency of electricity consumption occurred, by increasing the speed of the infrared oven conveyor belt, improving average productivity from 533 pieces/hour to 560 pieces/hour, without adversely affecting product costs and quality, thus producing products of up to the value of 206,242 Thai Baht per month. Furthermore, the new two-layer curing equipment was designed, developed and used. The upper layer of the equipment was used for arm curing and the lower layer was used for arm coil curing. The result of using such equipment led to a saving of approximately 25,502 Thai Baht per month in electricity costs, without affecting product quality. The outcome of these Cleaner Technology applications was that total costs of approximately 239,702 Thai Baht per month were able to be saved.
Science and technology constitute very important parameters in social evolution. The unprecedented rapidity of their development since the last century, in combination with the absence of a philosophical approach and the presence in some cases of criminal usage, poses a danger for humanity and for the planet. In contrast to the classical…
Tsirigotis, Georgios; Papadourakis, George M.; Karasavoglou, Anastasios; Hope, Erica
The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) published a series of casestudies from 28 states to showcase examples of how ARRA EETT ("American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Enhancing Education Through Technology") grant funds have impacted teaching and learning. SETDA collected data for the casestudies through a variety…
State Educational Technology Directors Association, 2012
Objective: To report the processes and outcomes of a casestudy on digital technology, diabetes and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. Design: The qualitative study was based on a literature review, consultations and testing of a framework through workshops and an interactive information session. Setting: Consultations,…
O'Mara, Ben; Gill, Gurjeet K.; Babacan, Hurriyet; Donahoo, Daniel
Nine casestudies are presented in a report that was designed to identify and obtain operational data from ongoing and completed remediation efforts. he casestudies are presented as appendices, and provide process descriptions, performance, operational and cost data. he nine app...
This qualitative casestudy investigates Chinese university English in the context of foreign language (EFL) learners' attitudes about video-aided instruction (VAI), video recording instruction, and mobile phone instruction (learning technologies). When I was working as an English teacher in Mainland China, several instructors and students stated…
Graduates in the areas of Science and Technology are believed to have traditionally been employed in a number of specific industries, but the recent restructuring of some industries may have affected this phenomenon. In order to examine the trends concerning employment issues in more detail, a casestudy was conducted by surveying employment…
A study of the role of the modern language program at Michigan Technological University looks at perceptions of administrators, faculty, and students concerning the program and language learning needs, and student motivation in studying languages. Concludes that despite language enrollment and retention problems, modern language courses are both…
Boschetto-Sandoval, Sandra M.; Deneire, Marc; Sandoval, Ciro A.
This casestudy is the latest in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. The casestudies document the activities, savings, and lessons learned on these projects.
This casestudy is one in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. This casestudy documents the activities, savings, and lessons learned on the food processing facility project.
, groundnuts, and sesame. Peanuts have historically been the main revenue crop grown on the farm. The average annual rainfall in Mopti is between 400 to 600 mm with a 90 to 120 day rainy season. The household contains 12 people, 7 of whom are working age... for N'Tenimissa and Seguetana Technology From Mali ASM for the Crops Grown on the TIES Case Farms as Percenatge Changes From the Base Seguetaua N'Tenimissa Crop Mopti Cowpea Grounduuts Millet Peanuts Sesame Sorghum -24. 16 -38. 63 -51. 36...
This paper studies the technology factors that companies consider important in deciding to adopt and deploy wireless devices designed for mobile telephony and information services, the extent of current use of wireless cell phones, the extent of existing utilization and\\/or planning for web- enabled cell phone use, the constraining factors in their deployment decisions, and how such decisions are made,
SUMMARYThe past few decades have witnessed a widening of the digital divide among countries in the world. Bridging this global digital divide has now become an important development policy of many governments in the developing world. Differing from previous studies that look at the Internet's popularity, this paper focuses on the speed of diffusion of such technologies over the period
Texas Schools, Inc. (TSI) developed a pilot program in bilingual education for Mexican-American vocational workers in the Department of Diesel Mechanics at Texas Tech University. This study assesses the transfer of technology in that environment using quantitative and qualitative measures. TSI, a technical and vocational school in Lubbock, Texas,…
This study deals with the use and effects of Information Technology (IT) in the field of Facilities Management (FM). The positives and negatives related to the use of IT were identified, and the reasons for using IT in those organizations were...
A longitudinal study of information technology (IT) managers at a Fortune 200 company in the Southwest United States was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a training program at bridging the perceived business skills gap for IT employees. A needs assessment was carried out, resulting in a 4-module training program. The program was evaluated…
Describes six types of instructional technology used in the nuclear industry: Study Pacs, computerized test banks, computer-based training, interactive videodisc, artificial intelligence, and full-scope simulation. Each description presents the need, training device, outcomes, and limitations or constraints on use. (SK)
Purpose: This study aims to examine the experience of 31 university students who were issued tablet PCs for their use during an academic year. The primary research problem which drove this project revolved around the student perceptions of the benefits of technology to provide opportunities to restructure their learning experiences.…
van Oostveen, R.; Muirhead, William; Goodman, William M.
. This study explored the following questions: 1) How is the EIS used in day-to-day operation? 2) What are the costs and benefits of an EIS? 3) Where do the energy savings come from? This paper reviews the process of these technologies from installation through...
As clientele needs diversify, Extension educators are examining new technologies, including online tools, to deliver educational programming and resources. Using agritourism as the educational topic, the study reported here sought to evaluate participants' acceptance of online educational programming (webinars) and the effectiveness of the…
Rich, Samantha Rozier; Komar, Stephen; Schilling, Brian; Tomas, Stacy R.; Carleo, Jenny; Colucci, Susan J.
The objective of this study is to explore the criteria of effective information technology governance processes employed in universities and their impact on the diffusion of appropriate technology to the base level users. From this analysis, we hope to develop a set of best practice guidelines for IT governance and related processes in respect of universities. This will realize significant benefits by providing a reference model or benchmark based on the key characteristics of IT governance that are most effective in achieving high levels of IT and business goal alignment, effective use of IT resources, and IT risk management.
The main problem for health professionals and patients in accessing information is that this information is very often distributed over many medical records and locations. This problem is particularly acute in cancerology because patients may be treated for many years and undergo a variety of examinations. Recent advances in technology make it feasible to gain access to medical records anywhere and anytime, allowing the physician or the patient to gather information from an “ephemeral electronic patient record”. However, this easy access to data is accompanied by the requirement for improved security (confidentiality, traceability, integrity, ...) and this issue needs to be addressed. In this paper we propose and discuss a decentralised approach based on recent advances in information sharing and protection: Grid technologies and watermarking methodologies. The potential impact of these technologies for oncology is illustrated by the examples of two experimental cases: a cancer surveillance network and a radiotherapy treatment plan. It is expected that the proposed approach will constitute the basis of a future secure “google-like” access to medical records. PMID:19718446
Quantin, Catherine; Coatrieux, Gouenou; Allaert, Francois Andre; Fassa, Maniane; Bourquard, Karima; Boire, Jean-Yves; de Vlieger, Paul; Maigne, Lydia; Breton, Vincent
Objective: To report the processes and outcomes of a casestudy on digital technology, diabetes and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities.Design: The qualitative study was based on a literature review, consultations and testing of a framework through workshops and an interactive information session.Setting: Consultations, workshops and an information session conducted in western regions of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Method: A framework
Ben O’Mara; Gurjeet K Gill; Hurriyet Babacan; Daniel Donahoo
This publication is one in series of casestudies for "Laboratories for the 21st Century," a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program. It is intended for those who plan to design and construct public and private-sector laboratory buildings. This casestudy describes the Science and Technology Facility, a new laboratory at NREL that incorporated energy-efficient and sustainable design features including underfloor air distribution in offices, daylighting, and process cooling.
Background The success or failure of a computer information system (CIS) depends on whether physicians accept or resist its implementation. Using casestudies, we analyzed the implementation of such systems in 3 hospitals to understand better the dynamics of physicians' resistance to CIS implementation. Methods We selected cases to maximize variation while allowing comparison of CIS implementations. Data were collected from observations, documentation and interviews, the last being the main source of data. Interviewees comprised 15 physicians, 14 nurses and 14 system implementers. Transcripts were produced; 45 segments of the transcripts were coded by several judges, with an appropriate level of intercoder reliability. We conducted within-case and cross-case analyses of the data. Results Initially, most staff were neutral or enthusiastic about the CIS implementations. During implementation, the level of resistance varied and in 2 instances became great enough to lead to major disruptions and system withdrawal. Implementers' responses to physicians' resistance behaviours played a critical role. In one case, the responses were supportive and addressed the issues related to the real object of resistance; the severity of resistance decreased, and the CIS implementation was ultimately successful. In the other 2 cases, the implementers' responses reinforced the resistance behaviours. Three types of responses had such an effect in these cases: implementers' lack of response to resistance behaviours, antagonistic responses, and supportive responses aimed at the wrong object of resistance. Interpretation The 3 cases we analyzed showed the importance of the roles played by implementers and users in determining the outcomes of a CIS implementation. PMID:16717265
's Media Lab, is to "create educational opportunities for the world's poorest children by providing each-depth look into the core electronics yields more information that can lead to an interesting casestudy these electronics away from the lap of the user and more able to dissipate. In tropical climates, this can
After a brief introduction delineating the scope of the casestudy, chapter 1 summarizes findings and conclusions about the costs and effectiveness of neonatal intensive care in the United States. Chapter 2 inventories the national supply of neonatal intensive care units and describes recent trends in use and costs. Chapter 3 reviews mortality and…
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.
This edited volume presents casestudies from Europe, North America, Asia, and the Middle East in which teachers have adapted and pioneered teaching innovations. The book is divided into 4 parts, 12 chapters, and an introduction. Part one, "Building a Computer Learning Center," has two chapters: "Guerilla Tactics: Creating a Mixed-Media ESL Lab…
Managing a company for longevity is dierent than managing for the stock price, the former requires flexibility, the latter requires a very short term (quarterly) focus. This paper describes some of the challenges to the management of industrial complexes brought about by the explosion of innovations in the informations system world. It focuses on a casestudy of a large,
A major challenge for Information Technology (IT) programs is that the rapid pace of evolution of computing technology leads to frequent redesign of IT courses. The problem is exacerbated by several factors. Firstly, the changing technology is the subject matter of the discipline and is also frequently used to support instruction; secondly, this…
The purpose of this single casestudy is to describe and document the implementation of a 1:1 laptop program for a middle school with a unique school-university partnership. The goal of this study is two-fold; one being to describe the implementation of a 1:1 laptop program and to document the lessons learned in leading a 1:1 laptop program. This…
Biotechnology has figured prominently in recent Medicare coverage and payment policies. Biotech treatments push policy boundaries for several reasons: They attract strong patient demand; they often treat rare or life-threatening diseases; they may have uncertain evidence of health benefits; and they are often costly. This paper considers casestudies of Medicare coverage for off-label uses of biotech cancer drugs and payments for anemia biopharmaceuticals. The cases suggest Medicare's ongoing challenge to balance access considerations, the role and strength of evidence, and cost consequences of new treatments. PMID:16966721
Keenan, Patricia Seliger; Neumann, Peter J; Phillips, Kathryn A
Starting with Feynman's "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom" prophetic lecture at Caltech in the 1960s, the term "nanotechnology" was first coined in the scientific literature in the 1980s. This was followed by the unprecedented growth in the corresponding scientific field in 2000 due to the financial incentive provided by President Clinton in the US, followed up by similar efforts in Europe, Japan, China and Russia. Today, nanotechnology has become a driving force for economic development, with applications in all fields of engineering, information technology, transport and energy, as well as biology and medicine. Thus, it is important to forecast its future growth and evolution on the basis of two different criteria: (1) the government and private capital invested in related activities, and (2) the number of scientific publications and popular articles dedicated to this field. This article aims to extract forecasts on the evolution of nanotechnology, using the standard logistic equation that result in familiar sigmoid curves, as well as to explore the effect of time delay on its evolution. Time delay is commonly known from previous biological and ecological models, in which time lag is either already known or can be experimentally measured. In contrast, in the case of a new technology, we must first define the method for determining time delay and then interpret its existence and role. Then we describe the implications that time delay may have on the stability of the sigmoidal behavior of nanotechnology evolution and on the related oscillations that may appear.
The escalation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) in India into a veritable fertility industry is the result of a multitude of reasons. This paper places the bio-genetic industry within the larger political economy framework of globalisation and privatisation, thus employing a framework that is often omitted from discussions on ARTs, but has direct and significant bearings on the ART industry in India. As markets for human organs, tissues and reproductive body parts experience unprecedented growth, the limits of what can or should be bought and sold continue to be pushed. As such, bodies have emerged as sale-worthy economic capital. Commercial flows of reproductive material create and deploy the division of the body into parts over which ownership is claimed, in the process following 'modern routes of capital' and raising issues of structural inequality.This paper presents a brief picture of India's fertility industry with specific focus on its ground-level operation, nature and growth. It aims to explore the industry dimensions of ARTs, by highlighting the macro picture of health care markets and medical tourism in India, the proliferation of the ART industry, market features such as the social imperative to mother, costs, promotion and marketing, unverified claims, inflated success rates, deals and offers, actors and collaborations in the field, and finally, the absence of standards. This paper presents findings from the research 'Constructing Conceptions: The Mapping of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in India', by Sama, a Delhi-based resource group working on gender, health and rights. This research was conducted from 2008 to 2010 in the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu in India, and is one of the first of its kind, highlighting unethical medical practices and making a case for the regulation of the ART industry. As such, it forms a significant part of Sama's ongoing work on women and technologies, particularly policy-level advocacy. PMID:21838866
The present scenario of the INDEST Consortium among engineering, science and technology (including astronomy and astrophysics) libraries in India is discussed. The Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences & Technology (INDEST) Consortium is a major initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The INDEST Consortium provides access to 16 full text e-resources and 7 bibliographic databases for 166 institutions as members who are taking advantage of cost effective access to premier resources in engineering, science and technology, including astronomy and astrophysics. Member institutions can access over 6500 e-journals from 1092 publishers. Out of these, over 150 e-journals are exclusively for the astronomy and physics community. The current study also presents a comparative analysis of the key features of nine major services, viz. ACM Digital Library, ASCE Journals, ASME Journals, EBSCO Databases (Business Source Premier), Elsevier's Science Direct, Emerald Full Text, IEEE/IEE Electronic Library Online (IEL), ProQuest ABI/INFORM and Springer Verlag's Link. In this paper, the limitations of this consortium are also discussed.
This purpose of this paper is to describe efforts of recruiting women into computer technology courses. It illustrates the experience of one technology program in a university located in Western Pennsylvania and their successful efforts into recruiting women into a technology course. The Technology Support and Training (TST) program at Eberly College of Business (ECOBIT) - Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. …
This paper summarizes efforts within the Joint Advanced Health and Usage Monitoring System (JAHUMS) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) Program to demonstrate advanced helicopter health and usage monitoring technologies and to validate an open systems approach from a technology insertion perspective. The JAHUMS ACTD technology insertion efforts capitalize on the availability of a commercial health and usage monitoring system (HUMS)
This paper intends to explore the opinions of 9-13 year old students' perspective regarding the interaction with classroom technology (CT) in Science and Technology (S&T) lessons in Kilis city of Turkey. The issues discussed here can provide some ideas for educators to improve their teaching. Two types of students are used from private schools:…
A number of broad perspective technology roadmaps have been developed in the last few years as tools for coordinating nation-wide research in targeted areas. These roadmaps share a common characteristic of coalescing the associated stakeholder groups into a special-interest community that is willing to work cooperatively in achieving the roadmap goals. These communities are key to roadmap implementation as they provide the collaborative energy necessary to obtain the political support and funding required for identified science and technology development efforts. This paper discusses the relationship between roadmaps and special-interest communities, using the recently drafted Department of Energy's Long-Term Stewardship Science and Technology Roadmap as a casestudy. Specific aspects this roadmap's design facilitated the development of a long-term stewardship community while specific realities during roadmap development impacted the realization of the design.
Less-developed countries always lack well-developed industrial clusters, and nurturing such clusters is essential to their economic development, especially for technology-based industries. Consequently, location specific cluster formation should be promoted, including efficient technological infrastructure, mature innovation–production interaction, and competitive advantages. These factors have a positive accumulative effect on the selected district, and firms in the district compete for these resources through
The effect of hydrologic uncertainty on field irrigation technology (FIT) choices is studied within this paper. A two-stage stochastic programming model (SPM) is developed to incorporate hydrologic uncertainties related to both water requirements and water availability through a probabilistic scenario-based approach. The SPM can provide a mechanism with which model solutions can be adjusted to account for variations in water availability and water requirements. Moreover, the two-stage decision process is combined with risk aversion analysis in field irrigation choices, which helps balance the risk of profit loss in dry years and the risk of excess capital cost in wet years. The model can be used to generate decision information to individual farmers or farmer associations, regarding long-term field irrigation technology choices and crop pattern planning and short-term water allocation among crops under specific hydrologic scenarios. The model is applied to an irrigation district in the Maipo River Basin, Chile. It is found that higher levels of FIT are more profitable for higher-valued crops and decisions on FIT choices for low-valued crops are less sensitive to hydrologic uncertainties. The annualized capital cost per hectare in the district should be within in range of US$105-130, which is a range for tradeoff analysis between maximizing the expected profit and minimizing the risk of profit loss under drought conditions.
Engaging students in active techniques that promote learning and socialization in nursing may be achieved using Voki technology. The authors discuss a project, and its outcomes, that used avatar-assisted casestudies. Instructors looking for a new teaching technology that can be integrated into casestudies are encouraged to explore this venue as an active learning technology. PMID:23608909
Anderson, Judy K; Page, Angela M; Wendorf, Deborah M
Women have historically been underrepresented in the field of information technology. The literature related to the underrepresentation of women in information technology has focused on developing strategies for attracting more females into the industry. Despite these efforts, the number of women in information technology has been declining. The…
This paper addresses the question of how technological transitions (TT) come about? Are there particular patterns and mechanisms in transition processes? TT are defined as major, long-term technological changes in the way societal functions are fulfilled. TT do not only involve changes in technology, but also changes in user practices, regulation, industrial networks, infrastructure, and symbolic meaning or culture. This
Though technology holds significant promise for enhanced teaching and learning it is unlikely to meet this promise without a principled approach to course design. There is burgeoning discourse about the use of technological tools and models in higher education, but much of the discussion is fixed upon distance learning or technology based courses. This paper will develop and propose a
associated with the education of two children who have used assistive technologies developed at our. For these two children the costs of the technologies and special teachers hired are offset by savings from have developed and deployed two new technologies (EagleEyes and Camera Mouse) to enable children
It is acknowledged that factors of environment, software and hardware, learners and teachers are the key elements to influence modern educational technology assisted foreign language teaching and learning. Educational technology may be the threshold of foreign language teaching reform. The survey and interviews were carried out in four universities in Hunan, which may present the current application of educational technologies
Nowadays, the development of Digital Earth has made a tremendous impact on all aspects of human social life, and a series of effective work around Digital Earth, which attracted wide attention, have been carried out by people with different background. Meantime, exploitation of the popularized technology is constantly being mature with the development of Google Earth. However, users still have many difficulties in constructing and operating 3D scenes on web, because of the limitation of network speed. This paper aims to provide a more convenient method for the client users to interact with the 3D models, thus to promote popularization of Digital Earth technology and apply it in many aspects of social life. In this research, Ajax was utilized as a newly emerged network technology, since it could provide a good solution for application in developing of virtual reality technology based on Web. This paper analyzed the principles and key technologies of Ajax, explored how Ajax can be used in construction of interactive virtual reality scenes through casestudy, in order to enhance access speed of virtual scenes on Web page, and increase the authenticity, interactivity and extensibility of virtual scenes. This paper introduced the whole process of virtual model construction and proposed an efficient way to achieve interactive scene. The results showed that the combination of SAI (Scene Access Interface) method and Ajax technology could effectively save network bandwidth and enhance user experience, which laid the foundation for the development of virtual reality technology based on Web and the popularization of Digital Earth technology.
The ability to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has enabled new exploration of how genetic variations contribute to health and disease etiology. However, historically GWAS have been limited by inadequate sample size due to associated costs for genotyping and phenotyping of study subjects. This has prompted several academic medical centers to form “biobanks” where biospecimens linked to personal health information, typically in electronic health records (EHRs), are collected and stored on large number of subjects. This provides tremendous opportunities to discover novel genotype-phenotype associations and foster hypothesis generation. In this work, we study how emerging Semantic Web technologies can be applied in conjunction with clinical and genotype data stored at the Mayo Clinic Biobank to mine the phenotype data for genetic associations. In particular, we demonstrate the role of using Resource Description Framework (RDF) for representing EHR diagnoses and procedure data, and enable federated querying via standardized Web protocols to identify subjects genotyped with Type 2 Diabetes for discovering gene-disease associations. Our study highlights the potential of Web-scale data federation techniques to execute complex queries. PMID:23304343
Pathak, Jyotishman; Kiefer, Richard C.; Bielinski, Suzette J.; Chute, Christopher G.
The ability to conduct genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has enabled new exploration of how genetic variations contribute to health and disease etiology. However, historically GWAS have been limited by inadequate sample size due to associated costs for genotyping and phenotyping of study subjects. This has prompted several academic medical centers to form "biobanks" where biospecimens linked to personal health information, typically in electronic health records (EHRs), are collected and stored on large number of subjects. This provides tremendous opportunities to discover novel genotype-phenotype associations and foster hypothesis generation. In this work, we study how emerging Semantic Web technologies can be applied in conjunction with clinical and genotype data stored at the Mayo Clinic Biobank to mine the phenotype data for genetic associations. In particular, we demonstrate the role of using Resource Description Framework (RDF) for representing EHR diagnoses and procedure data, and enable federated querying via standardized Web protocols to identify subjects genotyped with Type 2 Diabetes for discovering gene-disease associations. Our study highlights the potential of Web-scale data federation techniques to execute complex queries. PMID:23304343
Pathak, Jyotishman; Kiefer, Richard C; Bielinski, Suzette J; Chute, Christopher G
Quality assurance technology is a formal control mechanism aiming at increasing the quality of the product exchanged between vendors and customers. Studies of the adoption of this technology in the field of system development rarely focus on the role of the relationship between the customer and vendor in the process. We have studied how the process of adopting quality assurance technology by a small Danish IT vendor developing pharmacy software for a customer in the public sector was influenced by the relationship with the customer. The casestudy showed that the adoption process was shaped to a high degree by the relationship and vice versa. The prior high level of trust and mutual knowledge helped the parties negotiate mutually feasible solutions throughout the adoption process. We thus advise enhancing trust-building processes to strengthen the relationships and to balance formal control and social control to increase the likelihood of a successful outcome of the adoption of quality assurance technology in a customer-vendor relationship.
This research investigates students' peer interactions in the Design and Technology (D&T) environment supported by "Knowledge Forum". The sample comprised of 15 students who had no prior experience in using "Knowledge Forum" to mediate their D&T learning. Their interaction with peers occurred in three stages: design situation, ideation and…
The Upper Stage (US) section of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Ares I rocket will require internal access platforms for maintenance tasks performed by humans inside the vehicle. Tasks will occur during expensive critical path operations at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) including vehicle stacking and launch preparation activities. Platforms must be translated through a small human access hatch, installed in an enclosed worksite environment, support the weight of ground operators and be removed before flight - and their design must minimize additional vehicle mass at attachment points. This paper describes the application of a user-centered conceptual design process and the unique challenges encountered within NASA's systems engineering culture focused on requirements and "heritage hardware". The NASA design team at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) initiated the user-centered design process by studying heritage internal access kits and proposing new design concepts during brainstorming sessions. Simultaneously, they partnered with the Technology Transfer/Innovative Partnerships Program to research inflatable structures and dynamic scaffolding solutions that could enable ground operator access. While this creative, technology-oriented exploration was encouraged by upper management, some design stakeholders consistently opposed ideas utilizing novel, untested equipment. Subsequent collaboration with an engineering consulting firm improved the technical credibility of several options, however, there was continued resistance from team members focused on meeting system requirements with pre-certified hardware. After a six-month idea-generating phase, an intensive six-week effort produced viable design concepts that justified additional vehicle mass while optimizing the human factors of platform installation and use. Although these selected final concepts closely resemble heritage internal access platforms, challenges from the application of the user-centered process provided valuable lessons for improving future collaborative conceptual design efforts.
The report discusses technical, environmental, and other issues associated with using landfill gas as fuel, and presents casestudies of projects in the U.S. illustrating some common energy uses. The full report begins by covering basic issues such as gas origin, composition, and means of collection; environmental and regulatory background is presented. Properties of landfill gas as a fuel are reviewed; equipment that can utilize landfill gas is discussed. The report then describes experience with six projects in the U.S. where landfill gas has been used for energy. It also references literature on other landfill gas energy projects of interest. Conclusions regarding uses of landfill gas for energy are presented.
In this paper we explore the possibility of using Web 2.0 technology, specifically social networking technology, to support a community of practice in a graduate-level classroom setting in order to enhance learning. For our experiment, we utilized Facebook as a learning resource for an MIS course for learners to share prior knowledge and experience. We present the results of our
This paper addresses the influence of information technology in human resources management (HRM) and specifically on training policy through the experience of a Spanish telecommunications firm, "Telefonica". The characteristics of the training model designed by this firm to face new environments is considered and the technologies used, the key…
in an everyday application are clearly evident. Clothes carry with them cultural standards of appearance and use to house technology, without requiring a change in the aesthetic appearance of the individual garments or altering the user's perception of the garment system. Creation of stand-alone technology units in the form
During the late nineteenth century, technologies to measure the quality of the milk in butter production became available, enabling creameries to pay suppliers of raw milk according to quality. Having identified the advantages to the creameries in terms of incentive provision, we demonstrate that the diffusion among the cooperative creameries was relatively slow, particularly relative to other technologies adopted by
Investigates the impact of technology-focused grants funded by state lottery proceeds on four schools in a Midwestern state. Findings highlight the differences in resources among large and small schools, the impact of individuals on a school's culture, the role of the state's educational support services, and the role of technology in educational…
Malaysia is experiencing changes in its economic structure, forging ahead into the era of an industrialized nation. This process of change will be continuous and will make additional new demands on higher-levelled technological skills and technological developments as well as on high-quality manpower that is capable and alert in adjusting to the changing industrial environment. Such developments require Universiti Teknologi
Illegal transfer of technology (ITT) is one of the major policy formulation, industrial management, and law enforcement issues of this decade. It includes industrial espionage, the piracy of; software, logos, and hardware designs and it overlaps with issues of terrorism and those involving weapons of mass destruction. It is of concern at corporate, national, and world-body levels. Technology herein is
This article addresses an important need--the dissemination of information relating to technology as a public relations tool--and the associated exigency for administrator and teacher technology training. Specifically, we identify the increased expectations for the performance of school leaders and teachers, as well as unresolved issues in public…
Mullen, Carol A.; Kealy, William A.; Sullivan, Ashley
Public and private organizations try to forecast the future of technological developments and allocate funds accordingly. Based on our interviews with experts from MIT's Entrepreneurship Center, Sloan School of Management, ...
United Technologies Corporation (abbreviated UTC, NYSE ticker symbol UTX) is a large, industrial conglomerate that designs, manufactures, and services a broad range of products, ranging from air conditioners and elevators ...
In spite of a ‘digital divide’, Aboriginal groups in Australia, as internationally, are increasingly using information and\\u000a communication technologies (ICTs) to maintain their cultures, communicate, archive knowledge, empower their communities, develop\\u000a skills and generate income. Each community uses the technologies differently in accordance with their particular needs and\\u000a the opportunities available. The use of ICTs in Aboriginal youth empowerment is
Guy Singleton; Maria Fay Rola-Rubzen; Kado Muir; Deeva Muir; Murray McGregor
In recent years, there have been growing interest and activities of introducing wireless technologies into healthcare industry.\\u000a Successful development and deployment of wireless e-Health (WEHealth) systems is geographically dependent in respect of national\\u000a regulations, regional economic development, and available medial infrastructures and resources, etc. In this paper, the applications\\u000a of wireless technologies into healthcare industry are investigated in China and
Guixia Kang; Li Zhang; Shanghong Li; Ping Zhang; Said Boussakta
While required by federal and state law, full access at the community college level for students with assistive technology\\u000a (AT) and alternate media needs presents multiple challenges. Programs must be carefully planned to not only instruct students\\u000a in assistive technologies which will enable them to access instructional materials, but entire campuses and college systems\\u000a must work as cohesive units in
This paper explores the notion of educational partnerships and reports on research on client provider partnerships between full primary schools and external technology education providers for Year 7 and 8 New Zealand students (age range approx. 12 to 13 years). Educational reforms in New Zealand and the introduction of a more holistic technology education curriculum in 1995 changed the nature of the relationship between the technology education partners. The research sought to identify, from the perspective of the primary schools (clients), factors that contribute to successful partnerships between them and their technology education provider. A mixed methods approach consisting of a survey of client schools, in-depth interviews and a series of four in-depth casestudies (drawing on issues derived from the survey) was employed. Issues relating to teacher subculture, leadership roles and inflexibility of official processes all surfaced. The research points to an absence of commitment, shared understanding, shared power, leadership, communication and accountability in many educational partnerships that were the focus of this work.
Subsidy programs for new energy technologies are motivated by the experience curve: increased adoption of a technology leads to learning and economies of scale that lower costs. Geographic differences in fuel prices and climate lead to large variability in the economic performance of energy technologies. The notion of cascading diffusion is that regions with favorable economic conditions serve as the basis to build scale and reduce costs so that the technology becomes attractive in new regions. We develop a model of cascading diffusion and implement via a casestudy of residential solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for combined heating and power. We consider diffusion paths within the U.S. and internationally. We construct market willingness-to-pay curves and estimate future manufacturing costs via an experience curve. Combining market and cost results, we find that for rapid cost reductions (learning rate = 25%), a modest public subsidy can make SOFC investment profitable for 20-160 million households. If cost reductions are slow however (learning rate = 15%), residential SOFCs may not become economically competitive. Due to higher energy prices in some countries, international diffusion is more favorable than domestic, mitigating much of the uncertainty in the learning rate. PMID:23815497
The aims of this study were to develop the kinetic model and determine kinetic parameters describing ethanol production from sweet sorghum juice using very high gravity technology in the batch fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP01. The obtained experimental data were tested with four different types of model, based on the experimental data, accounting for the substrate limitation, substrate inhibition, product inhibition, and the combination of those three effects, respectively. The optimization technique to find kinetic parameters was non-linear regression using Marquardt method performed through numerical procedure. The chosen model with its kinetic parameters obtained in the batch mode was validated and tested against the other independent experimental data in the small batch-scale and large-scale fermenter, in order to investigate the applicability and scale-up effect of the model, respectively. Then, the obtained model with its parameters was applied in the simulations of the continuous and fed-batch operations to examine the concentration profiles of fermentation components with the variations in operating parameters such as the dilution rate, feed-flow rate, start-up time, and feed concentration. The results indicated that the kinetic model (the substrate limitation with substrate and product inhibition effects) was suitable to describe ethanol fermentation. In the continuous mode, using the dilution rate of 0.01 h(-1), the maximum ethanol concentration obtained was, approximately, 90 g/l whereas the simulated results from the fed-batch operation revealed that the maximum ethanol concentration at quasi-steady state condition was, approximately, 96 g/l. The start-up time of 21 h was the fastest time to reach the steady-state and quasi-steady state for both the continuous and fed-batch modes, respectively. PMID:23832188
GFP technology was applied to the biocontrol agent (BCA) Pseudozyma flocculosa to study its development and interactions at the tritrophic level plant-powdery mildew-BCA. Transformation experiments with GFP led to the production of a strongly fluorescent strain, Act-4, that displayed biocontrol traits typical of P. flocculosa WT. Following inundative applications, growth of P. flocculosa Act-4 was closely and almost exclusively associated
Bertrand Neveu; Caroline Labbé; Richard R. Bélanger
This study is an investigation of the uses of music technology in music education programs in two universities. The purpose of this study was to discover the ways in which music technology was used in two schools of music across the entire music curriculum for music education students. This study detailed the ways in which music technology was…
These two casestudies assessed technology-based programs for promoting walking fluency and improving foot-ground contact during walking with a man and a woman with multiple disabilities, respectively. The man showed breaks during walking and the woman presented with toe walking. The technology used in the studies included a microprocessor with…
Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; La Martire, Maria L.; Oliva, Doretta; Groeneweg, Jop
Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement were assessed in single-casestudies involving two men with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Study I involved a 51-year-old man with a virtually total loss of his motor repertoire and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) write and send out…
Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Ferlisi, Gabriele; Ferrarese, Giacomina; Zullo, Valeria; Addante, Luigi M.; Spica, Antonella; Oliva, Doretta
Background Factors of IT adoption have largely been discussed in the literature. However, existing frameworks (such as TAM or TTF) are failing to include one important aspect, the interaction between user and task. Method Based on a literature study and a casestudy, we developed the FITT framework to help analyse the socio-organisational-technical factors that influence IT adoption in a health care setting. Results Our FITT framework ("Fit between Individuals, Task and Technology") is based on the idea that IT adoption in a clinical environment depends on the fit between the attributes of the individual users (e.g. computer anxiety, motivation), attributes of the technology (e.g. usability, functionality, performance), and attributes of the clinical tasks and processes (e.g. organisation, task complexity). We used this framework in the retrospective analysis of a three-year casestudy, describing the adoption of a nursing documentation system in various departments in a German University Hospital. We will show how the FITT framework helped analyzing the process of IT adoption during an IT implementation: we were able to describe every found IT adoption problem with regard to the three fit dimensions, and any intervention on the fit can be described with regard to the three objects of the FITT framework (individual, task, technology). We also derive facilitators and barriers to IT adoption of clinical information systems. Conclusion This work should support a better understanding of the reasons for IT adoption failures and therefore enable better prepared and more successful IT introduction projects. We will discuss, however, that from a more epistemological point of view, it may be difficult or even impossible to analyse the complex and interacting factors that predict success or failure of IT projects in a socio-technical environment. PMID:16401336
Schools employ educational technology to comply with pressures for greater accountability and efficiency in conducting operations. Specifically, schools use "management information systems" designed to automate data collection of student attendance, grades, test scores, and so on. These management information systems (MIS) employed widespread use…
This article analyzes the current state of green technologies in optical telecommunications networks, analyzing in detail the basic structure of a hybrid network (Optical-Wireless), taking into account energy consumption by proposing a mathematical model is presented to establish the optimum number of ONUs in a network.
Knowledge management (KM) practices of Healthcare Alarm Systems (HAS, pseudo name), a technology company providing medical alarm systems to predominately elderly people living at home alone, are examined to generate insights on if and how this company gains and uses knowledge from elderly users. Data were collected through interviewing HAS employees. Major findings include that HAS had significantly under-utilized elderly
An innovative method for teaching creativity and leadership to adults was presented to engineers and executives within a high-technology corporation who wished to overcome fear of failure and the inhibiting influences of stress within their industry. The methodology developed was based upon prior research conducted in the area of self-directed…
Discusses the three-step implementation of an instructional technology tool and associated pedagogy to support teaching and learning computer programming concepts. The Flowchart Interpreter (FLINT) was proven through experiments to support novice programmers better than the traditional textbook approach. (EV)
An Open Door Policy has encouraged foreign direct investment (FDI) into the People's Republic of China (PRC) since the late 1970s. Cultural affinities and geographic proximities help to explain the dominant investment role of the Nanyang Chinese to date. The PRC is now actively seeking greater participation from Western and Japanese firms. Their technology is deemed critical for further modernization
Synopsis - This article begins with short histories of international FINRRAGE and FINRRAGE in Victoria, Australia. The second section presents the effect of FINRRAGE\\/Victoria on policy, media\\/public debate, and practitioners of the technologies. The third section evaluates whether FINRRAGE could increase its influence. This section also includes a feminist critique of FINRRAGE. It is based on personal interviews with 6
Examines the changes surrounding information technology as it relates to staffing issues at Wake Forest University (Winston-Salem, North Carolina). Highlights include: revision of organizational structure; decentralization of human resources processes; a survey of personnel attitudes; and trends for the human resources department. (AEF)
Technology-based education is learning primarily based in constructivist styled pedagogies. It is neither good nor bad; its value is inherent to the user and environment where it is placed. While some churches place a high value on the benefits gleaned from its use, others abhor it in religious education. Why churches incorporate or reject…
Because Function Point Analysis (FPA) has now been in use for a decade, and in spite of its increasing popularity has met with some recent criticisms, it is time to review how appropriate it still is for today's technologies. A critical review of the FPA approach examines in particular the pioneering and continuing work of Albrecht and more recent work
This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…
As India aspires to become the information and communication technology (ICT) leader in the world, the education of its children is a primary concern. While India's policymakers expect ICT to usher in promising education changes, there is a limited understanding of how computers are used and negotiated in India's schools. This…
Public acceptance is one of the most critical factors affecting carbon dioxide capture and geological sequestration (CCS). Of the several reasons for public skepticism towards adoption of this technology, safety and reliability are leading concerns. Since the public’s environment and standard of living can be directly affected through the implementation of carbon capture and geological storage, it is imperative that
Taiwan is an island located at a tectonically active collision zone between the Eurasian Plate and the Pacific Plate. Also, the island is in the subtropical climate region with frequent typhoon events that are always accompanied by intense rainfalls within a short period of time. These seismic and climatic elements frequently trigger, directly or indirectly, natural disasters such as landslides on the island with casualties and property damages. Prompted by the urge for minimizing the detrimental effects of such natural disasters, Taiwan government has initiated and funded a series of investigations and studies aimed at better understanding the causes of the natural disasters that may lead to the formulation of more effective disaster contingency plans and possibly some forecasts system. The hydrogeology of a landslide site can help unveil the detention condition of storm water entering the aquifer system of the slope as well as its groundwater condition which, in turn, plays a critical role in slope stability. In this study, a hydrogeologic investigation employing a series of subsurface exploration technologies was conducted at an active landslide site in the vicinity of Hwa Yuan Village in northern Taiwan. The site, which covers an area of approximately 0.14 km2 (35 acres) and generally ranges between 25 to 36 degree in slope, was initially investigated with ground resistivity image profiling (RIP) and electrical logging in order to determine the lithology and possibly the water-bearing capacity of the geologic units beneath the slope surface. Subsequently, both acoustic and optical borehole loggings were then applied to identify potentially significant fracture features at depth and their hydrogeologic implications. In addition, flowmeter loggings and hydraulic packer tests were conducted to further characterize the hydrogeologic system of the site and quantitatively determine the hydraulic properties of major hydrogeologic units. According to the ground resistivity profiles combined with rock core data, the geologic units can be primarily categorized into colluvium and weathered rock at depths of 4-23 m and 23-80 m, respectively. An approximately 20 m shear zone at depths of 45-65 m was found based on the detection outcome of low electrical resistance. Also, according to the borehole electrical logging, the layer of sandstone was identified in the interval of 48-59 m and 68.5-74 m and showed low water-bearing capacity. In addition, the electrical logging identified the layer of shale was in the interval of 59-68.5 m, which possessed a high water-bearing capacity. The velocity profile along the borehole was obtained from the flowmeter logging. A relatively high velocity zone (1.36~2.23 m/min) was measured in the interval of sandstone and relatively low velocity zone (0.12~0.78 m/min) was measured in the interval of shale, which is similar to those found in electrical logging. Moreover, 198 discontinuity planes were identified from the borehole image logging. The orientations of all discontinuities were calculated and compiled to draw a stereographic projection diagram. Judging from the discontinuity clusters on the stereographic projection diagram, a plane failure may possibly occur based on Hoek and Brown's criteria. This is a good demonstration that slope failure geometry and type can be determined by stereographic projection diagram analysis. The borehole images also clearly showed the structures of discontinuities at depth. They not only helped to characterize the results of the above investigation technologies but also provided useful indication in selecting specific geologic intervals for packer tests. The packer tests were conducted and the intervals were isolated based on the results of borehole and flowmeter logging. They indicated that the hydraulic conductivities of the shale and sandstone intervals are respectively 1.37Ã-10-8 m/sec and 2.68Ã-10-5-3.76Ã-10-5 m/sec, which are in good accordance with the hydraulic characteristics inferred by flowmeter logging. The aforementioned investigation results, incl
The purpose of this qualitative casestudy was to examine the modeling of technology by mathematics professors in two universities in teaching required courses for secondary level pre-service mathematics teachers. Six professors participated in this casestudy. Their responses were documented in pre- and post-interviews and data were gathered from…
Denmark is one of the world's leading countries in the use of health care technology. Virtually all primary care physicians have electronic medical records with full clinical functionality. Their systems are also connected to a national network, which allows them to electronically send and receive clinical data to and from consultant specialists, hospitals, pharmacies, and other health care providers. Under the auspices of a nonprofit organization called MedCom, over 5 million clinical messages are transferred monthly. One of the most important innovations has been the "one-letter solution," which allows one electronic form to be used for all types of letters to and from primary care physicians; it is used in over 5,000 health institutions with 50 different technology vendor systems. PMID:20232528
Under a Multi-Vendor Biotreatability Demonstration Program, SBP Technologies, Inc. (SBP) conducted a field demonstration of a microbiologically enhanced in situ groundwater and soil treatment technology at the Sweden-3 Chapman Superfund Site, Brockport, New York. The Sweden-3 Chapman site is an inactive landfill used to dispose of construction/demolition debris and hazardous wastes between the years of 1970 and 1978. Site investigations conducted in 1985 by NYSDEC indicated that drums were buried throughout the landfill. These drums and on-site soils were sampled in 1987, indicating elevated levels of trichloroethylene (TCE), methylene chloride, tetrachloroethylene (PCE), and acetone among other volatile organics (VOCs) and semi-volatile organics (SVOCs). In 1992, a remedial investigation identifies source areas and determined the extent of vertical and horizontal migration of contaminants at the site. Information and data generated during these investigations set the foundation for conducting the multi-vendor biotreatability demonstration.
In recent years, great economic output of land has been achieved in economic-technological development areas in China, but\\u000a the intensity of land use in some of these areas is very low. The degree of the low intensity of land use needs to be evaluated.\\u000a The current method of comprehensive evaluation and grading by one index system has the limitations due
In this paper we show how to exploit energy-delay trade-offs that exist due to the variation of the technology parameters for the implementation of interconnect wires. We also evaluate how these trade-offs can be propagated to the memory module level, so we can minimise the power consumption of the entire memory organisation (i.e., memories and connections between them). Our approach
Antonis Papanikolaou; Miguel Miranda; Francky Catthoor; Henk Corporaal; Hugo De Man; David De Roest; Michele Stucchi; Karen Maex
The purpose of the NASA funded project, `Utilizing 3 Dimensional Data Views to Access Data and Discover Relationships Between Multiple Heterogeneous Data Sets Along the A-Train Tracks' (Kempler, PI, NASA ROSES NNH07ZDA001N ACCESS Proposal) was to employ the latest 3 dimensional visualization technology to explore and provide direct data access to heterogeneous A-Train datasets, `operationally', along, and on either side
P. M. Smith; S. J. Kempler; G. G. Leptoukh; A. Chen
The purpose of the NASA funded project, ‘Utilizing 3 Dimensional Data Views to Access Data and Discover Relationships Between Multiple Heterogeneous Data Sets Along the A-Train Tracks’ (Kempler, PI, NASA ROSES NNH07ZDA001N ACCESS Proposal) was to employ the latest 3 dimensional visualization technology to explore and provide direct data access to heterogeneous A-Train datasets, ‘operationally’, along, and on either side of the A-Train tracks. Google Earth (tm) provides the foundation for organizing, visualizing, publishing, and synergizing Earth science data in virtual 3 dimensions, for this project. Successful integration of Google Earth (tm) into the A-Train Data Depot (ATDD), resulted in: a) visualizing two-, three- and four-dimensional Earth science data on Google Earth (tm); b) visualizing and synergizing analyzed results derived from the Giovanni online analysis system; and c) visualizing results derived from other standard web services (e.g. OGC WMS). These implementations produce KMZ files that can be opened and visualized via a Google Earth (tm). Integrating A-Train data on Google Earth (tm) through ATDD (http://disc.gsfc.nasa.gov/atdd) affords users the ability to more efficiently discover, access, manipulate and analyze A-Train atmospheric data. The integration of Google Earth (tm) into the ATDD came with anticipated and unanticipated challenges, and solutions, insulated far beneath the easily obtainable ATDD Google Earth (tm) images and data downloads. In addition, some components of integration went rather smoothly. This presentation will discuss the challenges and non-challenges encountered and innovative solutions implemented to enable displaying NASA vertical and horizontal Earth science data within Google Earth (tm) technology. Findings discussed, include: - Interoperability between ATDD and Google Earth (tm) - Required enhancements to existing systems - Reuse of infused technology - Making the total greater than the some of the parts It is hoped that lessons learned and presented can be directly applied or extrapolated to better understanding and overcoming information technology infusion roadblocks.
Smith, P. M.; Kempler, S. J.; Leptoukh, G. G.; Chen, A.
Recent neuropsychological studies demonstrate that cognitive dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis. In many cases the presence of cognitive impairment affects the patient's daily activities to a greater extent than would be found due to their physical disability alone. Cognitive dysfunction can have a significant impact on the quality of life of both the patient and that of their primary caregiver. Two cognitively impaired male MS patients were given a visual discrimination task before and after a one hour cooling period. The subjects were presented a series of either red or blue circles or triangles. One of these combinations, or one fourth of the stimuli, was designated as the "target" presentation. EEG was recorded from 20 scalp electrodes using a Tracor Northern 7500 EEG/ERP system. Oral and ear temperatures were obtained and recorded manually every five minutes during the one hour cooling period. The EEG ERP signatures from each series of stimuli were analyzed in the energy density domain to determine the locus of neural activity at each EEG sampling time. The first subject's ear temperature did not decrease during the cooling period. It was actually elevated approximately 0.05 C by the end of the cooling period compared to his mean of control period value. In turn, Subject One's discrimination performance and cortical energy remained essentially the same after body cooling. In contrast, Subject Two's ear temperature decreased approx. 0.8 C during his cooling period. Subject Two's ERROR score decreased from 12 during the precooling control period to 2 after cooling. His ENERGY value increased approximately 300%, from a precooling value of approximately 200 to a postcooling value of nearly 600. These findings might be interpreted by the following three-part hypothesis: (1) the general cognitive impairment of MS patients may be a result of low or unfocused metabolic energy conversion in the cortex; (2) such differences show up most strongly in reduced energy in the occipital region during the initial processing of the precooling period visual stimulus which may indicate impaired early visual processing; and (3) increased postcooling activation in the le ft angular gyrus may result in enhanced higher-level reasoning related to processing visual task information. By this hypothesis the superior performance of Subject Two following body cooling may be a result of increased neural activation in his early visual recognition and processing centers.
Montgomery, Leslie D.; Ku, Yu-Tsuan E.; Montgomery, Richard W.; Kliss, Mark (Technical Monitor)
The aim of this paper is to compare different end-of-life tire (ELT) treatment technologies in China from an environmental and economic perspective. Four treatment technologies were evaluated: ambient grinding, devulcanization, pyrolysis and illegal tire oil extraction. Life cycle assessment (LCA) was applied to evaluate the potential environmental impact of each treatment based on the Eco-indicator 99 (Hierarchist approach) method provided by GaBi 4 software. The final result shows that pyrolysis represents the environmentally benign option while illegal tire oil extraction caused the worst damages. For the three legal treatments, although high credit was obtained when considering avoided impacts from recycled materials and energy, they have great impact as to respiratory effects (inorganic) dominantly contributed by energy production stage, which implies that the emphasis on environmental policies related to ELT treatment should shift from the control of emissions from treatment process to the reduction of energy consumption. A simplified comparison of net benefits and total impacts shows that the most eco-effective ELT treatment technology is pyrolysis, followed by dynamic devulcanization and ambient grinding. The illegal tire oil extraction, however, must be prohibited immediately because of its highest environmental pollution and lowest net benefit. PMID:20615682
In this work, it has been studied the use of conductive-diamond electrochemical oxidation (CDEO) as a refining technology to assure the quality of the effluents of door manufacturing processes (DMP). To do this, the raw effluents of these factories have been treated by a combination of physicochemical, biological and CDEO treatments. CDEO was found to be a feasible alternative to the refinement of a wooden DMP waste. It can successfully decrease the organic load of the effluents of the biological oxidation with low energy requirements. In addition, in case of incidents in the biological process, CDEO can treat successfully the effluents of the coagulation process. The effluents of the biological treatment have also been treated by CDEO in order to check the possible use of electrochemical technology to increase the biodegradability of the effluents and their possible recycle to the biological treatment. Unfortunately, electrochemical technology was found to be not adequate to increase the biodegradability of the effluents of a biological treatment. The hard oxidation conditions generated during CDEO do not lead to the accumulation of intermediates but to the almost direct formation of carbon dioxide. Lowering the current density or changing the electrodes can not enhance the biodegradability of the effluents of an electrochemical cell. PMID:18501407
Cañizares, Pablo; Beteta, Alberto; Sáez, Cristina; Rodríguez, Lourdes; Rodrigo, Manuel A
The dissertation addresses the focus of Astronomy in Science, Technology and Society [STS}, which the author calls the STS-Astro. Observes the International Year of the Astronomy 2009 [IYA 2009] as one of the greatest experiences STS worldwide, causing unprecedented integration between science, technology and humanities, with positive impacts in many sectors of society and are still worthy of study, specially in Brazil due to the implementation of the International Year of Astronomy, Brazil 2009 [IYABrazil-2009}. Astronomy is also investigated in the area of Education, based mainly on theoretical aspects of educational socio-interacionist of Lev Semenovich Vygotsky (Vygotsky, 1991, 2008 and 2012, p. 103-117) and socio-historical cultural of Paulo Reglus Neves Freire (1979, 1982 and 1996), but when necessary and still keeping the field of constructivism, properly taking advantage of the interactionism and transdisciplinarity of Jean William Fritz Piaget (1983). Concerning Distance Education [DE], it is noted significant growth at the graduate and postgraduate courses. New challenges arise, with the establishment of an increasingly accustomed to Information and Communication Technologies [ICT] and the teaching methodologies to be used and developed, with Astronomy becoming an important instrument in the teaching-learning process associated technologies. Using the methodology of action research, we proceeded with a casestudy involving 26 students of the discipline of Astronomy Topics applied to Education, between November 1 and December 17, 2012, of the postgraduation courses in Distance Education at the Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul [Southern Cross University]. The results obtained permit statistical surveys therefore quantitative, but also qualitative information about the teaching-learning Astronomy by DE. Analyses of performance and progress of each student and set permit a finding interaction among those involved in the mediation of the teacher-tutor who, in turn, as a researcher also went through changes to processes meet also inserted in the role of agent or actor, while also influences and is influenced.
In early 2004, the Hilton Hotels Corporation (HHC) required that all of its hotels (both owned and franchised) install high-speed Internet access (HSIA) in all of their rooms by June 2004. This case focuses on how one of its franchise properties located on the northern gulf coast of Florida (the Hilton Sandestin Beach Golf Resort &…
Platt, Richard G.; Carper, William B.; McCool, Michael
India has made appreciable progress and continues to demonstrate a strong commitment for establishing and operating a disease surveillance programme responsive to the requirements of the International Health Regulations (IHR). Within five years of its launch, India has effectively used modern information and communication technology for collection, storage, transmission and management of data related to disease surveillance and effective response. Terrestrial and/or satellite based linkages are being established within all states, districts, state-run medical colleges, infectious disease hospitals, and public health laboratories. This network enables speedy data transfer, video conferencing, training and e-learning for outbreaks and programme monitoring. A 24x7 call centre is in operation to receive disease alerts. To complement these efforts, a media scanning and verification cell functions to receive reports of early warning signals. During the 2009 H1N1 outbreak, the usefulness of the information and communication technology (ICT) network was well appreciated. India is using ICT as part of its Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) to help overcome the challenges in further expansion in hard-to-reach populations, to increase the involvement of the private sector, and to increase the use of other modes of communication like e-mail and voicemail. PMID:21143821
This exploratory casestudy examined information technology (IT) staff perceptions of their self-efficacy--as viewed through the lens of Bandura's (1997) framework "mastery experience, vicarious experience, and social persuasion"--to instruct faculty to employ technology in their pedagogy. Twenty seven respondents at a graduate school of education…
The purpose of this paper is to explore how a firm's value-creation ability, internal operation efficiency and competitive advantage can be improved by adoption of a new technology. This work draws on four case-studies of public Israeli firms, traded on international courses, and operating in global markets. The firms are Comverse, Ormat Technologies, Tower Semiconductor, and Radvision. They are engaged
Summarizes findings from studies comparing classroom and technology-based approaches to training and the respective Return on Investment (ROI) data. Highlights several advantages of technology-based training. Offers information and initial ROI numbers on the use of technology-based training at Advanced Micro Devices, a global manufacturer of…
The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Industrial Concepts Division (AICD) under the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) supports interdisciplinary applied research and exploratory development that will expand the knowledge base to enable industry to improve its energy efficiency and its capability to use alternative energy resources. AICD capitalizes on scientific and technical advances from the United States and abroad, applying them to address critical technical needs of American industry. As a result, AICD research and development products are many and varied, and the effective transfer of these products to diverse targeted users requires different strategies as well. This paper describes the products of AICD research, how they are transferred to potential users, and how actual transfer is determined.
There has been a steady increase in the number of telerehabilitation programmes, as well as studies of telerehabilitation technology development, efficacy and effectiveness. However, few studies have examined the impact of telerehabilitation when it is actually implemented in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was therefore to explore how the properties of the technologies used for telerehabilitation affect
In August 1996 the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) commissioned a six-month research study of IT-assisted teaching and learning (ITATL) in higher education. This was to inform policy and also to provide evidence to the Review of Higher Education in the United Kingdom (Dearing, 1997). The research study was led by the Telematics Centre at the School of
The UK's bioscience research base is one of the country's genuine long-term economic assets. It is critically important for the UK not to repeat past mistakes, when financial exploitation of innovative and groundbreaking bioresearch went overseas. This study reviews commercialization from the Department of Biological Sciences at Warwick University…
The transfer of NASA technolgy to rehabilitative applications of artificial limbs is studied. Human factors engineering activities range from orthotic manipulators to tiny dc motors and transducers to detect and transmit voluntary control signals. It is found that bicarbon implant devices are suitable for medical equipment and artificial limbs because of their biological compatibility with human body fluids and tissues.
South Africa is currently faced with the challenge of undesirably low through put rates in higher education. The need to keep students interested and motivated to succeed are key objectives of many lecturers and institutions. Empirical studies have shown that one of the factors influencing student success at university is student engagement. This…
This study re-visits an organisation that defined its knowledge-management strategy in 2008-9 applying an established strategy-intellectual capital alignment framework. It addresses questions "How has knowledge management evolved at ENTEL, and what lessons can be learnt? Does the strategy-knowledge management alignment framework applied at…
The main aim of this study was to examine how a group of elementary students perceived their engagement in a project-based science intervention investigating the water quality of a local lake. The students collaborated with a scientist to conduct various experiments and used handheld computers to collect and analyze data in order to examine the…
This study discusses the approach of NASA managers in the assessment of risk in three critical decisions: the Apollo 8 decision to orbit the Moon in 1968, the servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope in 1993, and the privitization of the Space Shuttle in the latter 1990s.
Background This article analyzes several key issues in the debate: the acceptability of in vitro fertilization; regulation of assisted reproduction and the possibilities of reimbursement for assisted reproduction treatment in Lithuania. Method Two groups of respondents participated in the survey: fertile women and women with fertility disorders. 93 completed questionnaires from women with fertility problems and 146 from women with no fertility problems were analysed. Results Fertile respondents more frequently perceived the embryo as a human being (Fertile Individuals – 68.5%; Infertile Individuals – 35.5%; p < 0.05) and more frequently maintained that assisted reproduction treatment should be only partly reimbursed (Fertile Individuals – 71.3%; Infertile Individuals – 39.8%; p < 0.05). Respondents with fertility disorders more frequently thought that artificial insemination procedure could also be applied to unmarried couples (Fertile Individuals – 51.4%; Infertile Individuals – 76.3%; p < 0.05), and more frequently agreed that there should be no age limit for artificial insemination procedures (Fertile Individuals – 36.3%; Infertile Individuals – 67.7%; p < 0.05). The majority of respondents in both groups (Fertile Individuals – 77.4%; Infertile Individuals – 82.8%; p < 0.05) believed that donation of reproductive cells should be regulated by law. Fertile respondents more frequently considered that strict legal regulation was necessary in case of the number of transferred embryos (Fertile Individuals – 69.2%; Infertile Individuals – 39.8%; p < 0.05) and freezing of embryos (Fertile Individuals – 69.9%; Infertile Individuals – 57.0%; p < 0.05). Conclusion Fertile respondents were statistically more likely to believe that the IVF procedure should be applied only to married couples or women who had a regular partner, the age limit should be defined and the psychological assessment of the couple’s relationship and their readiness for the IVF procedure was necessary. In contrast, infertile couples were statistically more likely than fertile respondents to maintain that the IVF procedure should be fully reimbursed by the state. Fertile respondents were statistically more likely to be categorical with respect to the number of embryos and the freezing of embryos. Meanwhile there is a statistically significant difference in opinions of infertile respondents who were in favour of stricter regulation on donation of reproductive cells. PMID:24684746
The primary concern of this study was to examine if there are significant difference in teachers' perceptions and students' attitudes toward technology integrated into the science classroom based on their school group and grade level. In addition, this study also examined students' opinions toward technology as a tool of learning in the science classroom and to what extent students' attitudes toward technology and their perceptions of the classroom environment influence their intention to pursue technology. Four research questions were established to guide the data collection: (1) Is there any significant difference in teachers' perceptions toward technology based on their school group and grade level? (2) Is there any significant difference in students' attitudes toward technology based on their school group and grade level? (3) What are students' opinions about technology as a tool of learning in the science classroom and to what extent their attitudes toward technology and their perceptions of the classroom environment influence their intention to pursue technology? (4) What are the factors that affect technology integration into the science classroom? This study detected that most of the teachers from the traditional school have less intention in using technology than the modern school. In addition, traditional school students also view the method of using technology as interesting and fun. While most tenth-grade, eleventh-grade and twelfth-grade students planned to select technology as a tool to support their field in the university, this study found that students made this decision because they like and enjoy learning technology. Ironically, a majority of traditional school students in the twelfth-grade who are taking science as their major did not have any intentions at all to pursue technology majors in the university. Furthermore, the study also found that students, regardless of their school group and grade level differences, expected a more positive classroom environment climate during learning using technology. As composed to statistically significant differences between the modern school and traditional school that students' perceptions of their classroom environment climate during learning using technology has been found in which modern school students experience a more positive classroom climate than traditional school students.
\\u000a Technology can be used as an intervention of unhealthy lifestyles, but designing such a technology is challenging – usability\\u000a as well as the ability of changing the user’s behavior needs to be considered. The design and evaluation process of a future\\u000a generation persuasive healthy lifestyle assistance technology which involves physiology, environment monitoring, and automation\\u000a was studied in this paper.Several challenges
Jie Xu; Ping-yu Chen; Scott Uglow; Alison Scott; Enid Montague
These two studies assessed camera-based microswitch technology for eyelid and mouth responses of two persons with profound multiple disabilities and minimal motor behavior. This technology, in contrast with the traditional optic microswitches used for those responses, did not require support frames on the participants' face but only small color…
Lancioni, Giulio E.; Bellini, Domenico; Oliva, Doretta; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff
This study examined the characteristics of 10 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focused high schools. A comparative case designed was used to identify key components of STEM school designs. Schools were selected from various regions across the United States. Data collected included websites, national statistics database, standardized test scores, interviews and published articles. Results from this study indicate that there is a variety of STEM high school programs designed to increase students' ability to pursue college degrees in STEM fields. The school mission statements influence the overall school design. Students at STEM schools must submit an application to be admitted to STEM high schools. Half of the STEM high schools used a lottery system to select students. STEM high schools have a higher population of black students and a lower population of white and Hispanic students than most schools in the United States. They serve about the same number of economically disadvantaged students. The academic programs at STEM high schools are more rigorous with electives focused on STEM content. In addition to coursework requirements, students must also complete internships and/or a capstone project. Teachers who teach in STEM schools are provided regularly scheduled professional development activities that focus on STEM content and pedagogy. Teachers provide leadership in the development and delivery of the professional development activities.
The impact of new technologies on occupational profiles in the banking sector was examined through casestudies in four European countries: Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and France. In each country, three types of banking institutions were studied: merchant (Eurobank); "counter" (universal) bank; and telebank (bank operating…
Vitali, Laurence; Freiche, Jeanine; Matthews, Alison; Warmerdam, John
and experiences that were associated with their success. This study used qualitative measures to identify factors that enabled certain agricultural science and technology teachers who were more noted in teaching of agricultural mechanics to be more successful than...
Systemic understanding of potential research activities and available technology seeds at university level is an essential condition to promote interdisciplinary and vision-driven collaboration in an attempt to cope with complex sustainability and environmental problems. Nonetheless, any such practices have been hardly conducted at universities…
This study described how students can apply science concepts to a Design and Technology task. It also examined whether the students could transfer their scientific knowledge to their design of technology. The study was conducted at an urban school in Philadelphia where a sample of 36 eighth grade students were taught a science unit, Energy, Machines, and Motion, and engaged in a technology design task that was chosen based on the scientific content of the unit. Two approaches of relating teaching science to technological design were observed and described. Through the first approach, the students were given technology lessons in addition to their science lessons. This was to provide them with the technological knowledge that they needed in designing technology such as learning about the design process, selection of appropriate materials, and selection of appropriate tools and how to use them. Also, the students were taught the social skills that will enable them to develop an effective collaborative relationship with their peers such as conflict-management and brainstorming. Through the second approach, the students were taught the science unit and then at the end of the unit the students were given the design task as an assessment of their scientific knowledge. The students' experience of designing technology for each approach was described. The study was conducted using multiple tools and instruments such as observation, videotaping, interviews, and testing. The students were also given the survey PATT-USA to measure their attitude toward technology. The study showed that the students' learning of science was impacted by their weak prerequisite knowledge in science, their poor verbal and written communication skills and their style as dependent learners. Also, the study showed the great impact of the school and classroom cultures on the participation of the students in a Design and Technology activity. The students in this study showed great resistant to participating in a Design and Technology activity. The study linked that to the culture of the classroom where the technology period was considered by the students a period of "free time" to be spent mainly on the computer, playing educational games or engaged in short term, non-demanding projects.
This article presents an actual case history of a situation that was mismanaged and re sulted in a very large settlement for the patient who was severely impaired neurologically as a result of poor crisis intervention. The casestudy acts as a resource for pediatric home health care providers to develop standards from a risk management perspective. It also points
This casestudy aims at a critical examination of the security risks to which staff of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Library are exposed and measures put in place to deal with them. It also assesses the personal safety measures already in place with the objective of identifying their adequacy. Literature on personal security and safety in
INFORMATION CONCERNING EFFICIENT PLANT OPERATION AND ECONOMIC FACILITY EXPANSION TO BEST ACCOMMODATE INCREASED STUDENT ENROLLMENTS AT URBAN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES WAS GENERATED FROM A CASESTUDY OF THE DREXEL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. GENERAL AREAS INVESTIGATED WERE--(1) SPACE REQUIREMENTS WHICH WILL MEET ANTICIPATED INCREASES IN ENROLLMENT, (2)…
demonstration. Motion sensors were installed to provide maximum coverage of the site, ensuring lights operateEXTERIOR LIGHTING CASESTUDY CALIFORNIA LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY CENTER, UC DAVIS PHONE: (530) 747.S. health care facilities to install an energy-efficient, ultra-smart outdoor LED lighting system. The award
This article presents a quantitative study on gender differences in attitudes toward the usage of Information Technology (IT) related tools and applications. The study was conducted at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia, with 73 female and 29 male student teachers involved as participants. They were each presented with a questionnaire to relate…
This article presents a quantitative study on attitudes toward the usage of Information Technology related tools and applications. The study was conducted at a private university, Turkey, with 97 female and 113 male students involved as participants. They were each presented with a questionnaire to relate their attitudes toward IT and after…
Technological development is seen as one of the fundamental forces in shaping the modern economies. The effects and the role of technological development are also central questions in many issues of environmental protection. This paper presents the results of a life cycle assessment study of the Finnish pulp an paper industry. Three comparative scenarios are drawn. Two scenarios describe the technological levels and production volumes of 1993 and 1997. A comparison scenario with the production volumes of 1997 and the technological level of 1997 describes the effects avoided by improvements. The results demonstrate that technological development has had considerable effects on the material flows of the industry within a relatively short period of time. Changes in most material flows result from various improvements. The environmental performance of the industry has been improved by both changes in operative practices as well as capital investments. The study fails to describe some aspects of realized developments and thus indicates that factors connected to technological change are highly problematic for LCA modelling.
This casestudy is one in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. This casestudy documents the activities, savings, and lessons learned on the Caterpillar's Pontiac Plant project.
This casestudy is one in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. This casestudy documents the activities, savings, and lessons learned on the textile manufacturing mill project.
This paper reports results from a study of resource degradation and conservation behavior of peasant households in a degraded part of the Ethiopian highlands. Peasant households' choice of conservation technologies is modeled as a two-stage process: recognition of the erosion problem, and adoption and level of use of control practices. An ordinal logit model is used to explain parcel-level perception
This paper reports on a cross-disciplinary comparative study that examines the interplay between information and communications technologies (ICT) and experiential learning, in the context of seven fields of professional practice in undergraduate education. Our central claim is that academic teachers' framing of the meaning and nature of…
A study of 240 instructors of kaizen (continuous quality improvement) and technology transfer in overseas assignments for Toyota found that commitment to work and corporate cultural values were significant. Instructors recognized the responsibility and challenges of communicating and transferring their know-how across cultures. (SK)
Teaching computer programming to young children has been considered difficult because of its abstract and complex nature. The objectives of this study are (1) to investigate whether an innovative educational technology tool called Scratch could enable young children to learn abstract knowledge of computer programming while creating multimedia…
Previous research has indicated that women areavoiding the `hard' end of computer studies on coursesin higher education. In this paper we challenge someof the descriptions of computing and suggest thatcomputing is best understood as a concrete sciencecharacterised by the acquisition of artistry. Wereport findings from a casestudy of men and women onIT courses in one higher education institution in
Involving two or more academic subjects, interdisciplinary studies aim to blend together broad perspectives, knowledge, skills, and epistemology in an educational setting. By focusing on topics or questions too broad for a single discipline to cover, these studies strive to draw connections between seemingly different fields. Cases on…
Our study group has developed a unique combined biological technology to treat high-strength organic wastewaters from the industries of dyestuff, pharmaceutical, chemical engineering and zymolysis by using the principles of anaerobic ecological niche and bio-phase separation. The study obtained five national invention patents and eight patent equipments. This technology contains four kernel processes - two-phase anaerobic-aerobic process, hydrolysis-acidification-oxidation process, UASBAF-oxidation process, and internal cycling-hydrolysis-oxidation process. Fifteen pilot projects were accomplished in the basins of Tai Lake, Huai River, Liao River and Songhua River, and their total capital investment reached 185.214 million Yuan (RMB). Compared to conventional wastewater treatment technology, the innovative technology is more cost-effective for high-strength organic wastewater treatment, can save capital investment by 15% 30%, lessen land usage by 20% to 40% and decrease the operating cost by 10% to 25%. The operating cost of treatment per cubic meter industrial wastewater could be below 0.6 to 1.4 Yuan (RMB).
Purpose – This paper reports a study conducted longitudinally to investigate group communication media choice and the use of a web-based learning tool, as well as other types of communication media, such as e-mail, telephone, and face-to-face, for communication and collaboration to complete given tasks. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study was designed following the casestudy research methodology and design of
The New Zealand Human Assisted Reproductive Technology (HART) Act became law in 2004. In this article, we provide a retrospective analysis of New Zealand case law from September 1990 to March 2004, leading up to the creation of the HART Act. We examine the new understandings of parenting (developed through the routine use of ART in New Zealand) which the case law attempted to test. We examine these concepts against the previous understandings of family enshrined in the pre-existing legislation, which formed the basis for judicial rulings in the various cases to which we refer. In conclusion, we provide a brief summary of the 2004 HART legislation and draw comparisons between the old and new legislative and bureaucratic frameworks that define and support New Zealand family structure. We suggest that a change in cultural backdrop is occurring from the traditional western ideology of the nuclear family towards the traditional Maori concept of family formation, which includes a well-accepted traditional practice of guardianship and a more open and extended family structure. This 'new' structure reflects the contemporary lived experience of family kinship in western societies as individualized and open to choice. PMID:16963485
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this casestudy explores the anatomy of the upper extremity. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This is a casestudy for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy of the pituitary and symptoms and diseases associated with pituitary tumors. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Eric Ribbens (Western Illinois University Biological Sciences)
This is a casestudy for high school, undergraduate and/or professional students in physiology and anatomy. In particular this casestudy explores reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Laura Lorentzen (Kean University Science and Technology Education)
The Native American CaseStudies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.
College, The E.; College, Northwest I.; College, Salish K.; College, Grays H.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this casestudy explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)
The case histories of five students enrolled in a university course in how to study are reported. The students ranged in age from 18 to 35, included two males and three females, and varied in school experience from no college in one case and some college in two cases to college degrees in two cases. Students were initially taught to chart their…
With the social networking and network socialisation have brought more text information and social relationships into our daily lives, the question of whether big data can be fully used to study the phenomenon and discipline of natural sciences has prompted many specialists and scholars to innovate their research. Though politics were integrally involved in the hyperlinked word issues since 1990s, automatic assembly of different geospatial web and distributed geospatial information systems utilizing service chaining have explored and built recently, the information collection and data visualisation of geo-events have always faced the bottleneck of traditional manual analysis because of the sensibility, complexity, relativity, timeliness and unexpected characteristics of political events. Based on the framework of Heritrix and the analysis of web-based text, word frequency, sentiment tendency and dissemination path of the Huangyan Island incident is studied here by combining web crawler technology and the text analysis method. The results indicate that tag cloud, frequency map, attitudes pie, individual mention ratios and dissemination flow graph based on the data collection and processing not only highlight the subject and theme vocabularies of related topics but also certain issues and problems behind it. Being able to express the time-space relationship of text information and to disseminate the information regarding geo-events, the text analysis of network information based on focused web crawler technology can be a tool for understanding the formation and diffusion of web-based public opinions in political events.
Among various technological developments, the use of wireless technologies is emerging rapidly in the developing and industrialized economies. Healthcare environment is no exception to this phenomenon, whereas the healthcare environments have unique characteristics and uptake of wireless handheld technologies in a healthcare environment is complex and exceptional. For example in healthcare environment, individuals are trying to save lives instead of
Abdul Hafeez-Baig; Raj Gururajan; Joseph M. Mula; Meng Kuan Lin
Introduction Today, health information technologies are base of health services and Electronic Medical Record is one of them. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) on EMR at Central Polyclinic Oil Industry that is a pioneer in implementation of EMR in Isfahan. Methods This study was an applied and analytical survey that it was done at the Central Polyclinic Oil Industry. Because statistical population were limited, sampling bas been done by conducting the census and the sample was according to the population. The data was collected by a researcher-made questionnaire that it was validated by experts and its reliability was confirmed by test retest. The questionnaire was developed in 5 scopes including external factors (data quality and user interface), perceived usefulness, perceived ease of usefulness, attitude toward using, and behavioral intention to use. The Results analyzed by SPSS. Results There was a significant relationship between data quality with PU(r=/295, p0001) and PEU(r=/499, p0001). Also there was a significant relationship between user interface with PU(r=/543, p0001) and PEU(r=/477, p0001). PU and PEU had a significant relationship with attitude respectively (r=/590, p0001; r=/605, p0001). In addition attitude had a significant relationship with behavioral intention to use (r=/734, p0001). There was no significant relationship between data quality with attitude (r=/161, p>/005). Discussion The survey of the scopes in the polyclinic showed that there is relationship among user interface, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of usefulness, attitude toward using, and behavioral intention to use, but data quality has no relationship with attitude. It seems the system designers didn’t consider to data quality characteristics. It is proposed that they consult with health information management professionals for improvement the existing system. PMID:23572857
NASA and NOAA are now sponsoring Advanced Geosynchronous Studies (AGeoS), technology work that will lead to the next generation of space sensors located in geosynchronous orbit. This report briefly describes the initial steps being taken to investigate the high priority geosynchronous measurement needs identified so far.
Hilliard, L.; Jenstrom, D.; Chesters, D.; Racette, P.
The casestudy approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the casestudy approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related casestudies, we reflect on the different types of casestudy design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting casestudy research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of casestudy reports. PMID:21707982
The casestudy approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the casestudy approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related casestudies, we reflect on the different types of casestudy design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting casestudy research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of casestudy reports. PMID:21707982
"Ensemble" is an interdisciplinary research and development project exploring the potential role of emerging Semantic Web technologies in case-based learning across learning environments in higher education. Empirical findings have challenged the claim that cases "bring reality into the classroom" and that this, in turn, might provide the basis…
Casestudy-based teacher education has been advocated since the mid-1980s. The evolution of technology-facilitated, casestudy-based professional development for adult education professionals may be traced by examining three projects involving the National Center on Adult Literacy and the International Literacy Institute at University of…
The HURI SURI project is developing a regional biotechnology workforce pipeline by expanding and supporting biotechnology research experiences for Jamestown Community College (JCC) undergraduates and disseminating these research experiences and materials to area high school teachers and students. This page includes two casestudies, "Mosquito and walbachia" and "Heartworm Experimental Design." Students will examine these casestudies and then complete the worksheet for the SCA in class casestudy.
Strock, J.*, Brown, A.J., "Methods for Naval Ship Concept and Propulsion System Technology Methods for Naval Ship Concept and Propulsion Technology Exploration in a CGX CaseStudy ABSTRACT Propulsion Study (APS) for surface combatants and amphibious warfare ships. The study looked at current
Effective integration of learning technologies into classrooms is a continuing issue, with many instances of new technologies making minimal impacts on classroom practice. Reports on the introduction of interactive whiteboards into UK schools over the past decade have revealed that their impact on both pedagogy and learning is at best neutral.…
This article introduces technology training designed for university professors who work with preservice and emergency teachers at a College of Education of a state university. The technology training was delivered in multiple ways: (a) large group workshops, (b) small group meetings, (c) individual mentoring, and (d) just-in-time training. Service…
This paper explores the notion of educational partnerships and reports on research on client provider partnerships between full primary schools and external technology education providers for Year 7 and 8 New Zealand students (age range approx. 12 to 13 years). Educational reforms in New Zealand and the introduction of a more holistic technology education curriculum in 1995 changed the nature
Knowledge sharing visibility (KSV) is a critical environmental factor which can reduce social loafing in knowledge sharing (KS). This is especially true in ICT [information and communication technology]-based KS in learning organisations. As such, it is imperative that we better understand how to design technology enabled knowledge management…
The new engineering educational paradigm requires more active teaching strategies and more emphasis on student problem solving, collaboration, and communication. Use of instructional technology (IT) is integral to this paradigm; however, many engineering faculty resist using IT due to heavy faculty workloads, lack of time to learn new technology, lack of release time, lack of appropriate resources, no forum for
The present three single-casestudies assessed the effectiveness of technology-based programs to help three persons with multiple disabilities exercise adaptive response schemes independently. The response schemes included (a) left and right head movements for a man who kept his head increasingly static on his wheelchair's headrest (Study I), (b) left- and right-arm movements for a woman who tended to hold both arms/hands tight against her body (Study II), and (c) touching object cues on a computer screen for a girl who rarely used her residual vision for orienting/guiding her hand responses. The technology involved microswitches/sensors to detect the response schemes and a computer/control system to record their occurrences and activate preferred stimuli contingent on them. Results showed large increases in the response schemes targeted for each of the three participants during the intervention phases of the studies. The importance of using technology-based programs as tools for enabling persons with profound and multiple disabilities to practice relevant responses independently was discussed. PMID:22240142
Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Oliva, Doretta; Campodonico, Francesca; Lang, Russell
The casestudies presented in this volume offer comparative examples of undergraduate international education innovations in a wide variety of categories: curriculum, study abroad, community outreach, faculty development, and international students. The studies were conducted in the mid-1990s, and programs had to meet several criteria: they had to…
Technology holds the key for bridging the gap between access to quality education and the need for enhanced learning experiences. This book contains casestudies on divergent themes of personalized learning environments, inclusive learning for social change, innovative learning and assessment techniques, technology and international partnership…
As science and technology are increasingly at the center of global issues, diplomats are less capable of effectively completing their work without heavily relying on scientists and engineers for clarification and insight. ...
How does one teach ethics? It can be a difficult subject and different fields (medicine, law, and so on) all have different ethical considerations and issues. This fine collection of engineering casestudies from the Pennsylvania State University College of Engineering brings together resources from a variety of universities that have worked to address this matter. The cases are divided into separate areas that include Developing and Using CaseStudies, General Science Cases, and Research Integrity Cases. Visitors shouldn't miss the bulk of the material covered in the General Engineering Cases area, which includes high-quality and contemplative materials on engineering practice ethics from SUNY-Buffalo and the National Science Foundation. The site is rounded out by a number of helpful cases developed in-house by Penn State engineering students.
Purpose – This paper seeks to discuss the authors' experiences of multidisciplinary practice in relation to developing home-based assisted living technologies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper draws on almost three years' experience of working within an ongoing, large, multi-sited and multidisciplinary Irish national research programme: the Technology for Independent Living Centre. This involved industry and academic partners. Teams of clinicians, physical
Cathy Bailey; Julie Doyle; Susan Squires; Cliodhna ni Scanaill; Chie Wei Fan; Cormac Sheehan; Clodagh Cunningham; Ben Dromey
The materials and processes available for the fabrication of single mode integrated electrooptical components are described. Issues included in the study are: (1) host material and orientation, (2) waveguide formation, (3) optical loss mechanisms, (4) wavelength selection, (5) polarization effects and control, (6) laser to integrated optics coupling,(7) fiber optic waveguides to integrated optics coupling, (8) souces, (9) detectors. The best materials, technology and processes for fabrication of integrated optical components for communications and fiber gyro applications are recommended.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy and physiology of the brain. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate, graduate and professional students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores the renal anatomy and physiology. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Kari Mergenhagen (James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Infectious Disease)
Technologies for odour control have been widely reviewed and their optimal range of application and performance has been clearly established. Selection criteria, mainly driven by process economics, are usually based on the air flow volume, the inlet concentrations and the required removal efficiency. However, these criteria are shifting with social and environmental issues becoming as important as process economics. A methodology is illustrated to quantify sustainability and robustness of odour control technology in the context of odour control at wastewater treatment or water recycling plants. The most commonly used odour abatement techniques (biofiltration, biotrickling filtration, activated carbon adsorption, chemical scrubbing, activated sludge diffusion and biotrickling filtration coupled with activated carbon adsorption) are evaluated in terms of: (1) sustainability, with quantification of process economics, environmental performance and social impact using the sustainability metrics of the Institution of Chemical Engineers; (2) sensitivity towards design and operating parameters like utility prices (energy and labour), inlet odour concentration (H2S) and design safety (gas contact time); (3) robustness, quantifications of operating reliability, with recommendations to improve reliability during their lifespan of operations. The results show that the odour treatment technologies with the highest investments presented the lowest operating costs, which means that the net present value (NPV) should be used as a selection criterion rather than investment costs. Economies of scale are more important in biotechniques (biofiltration and biotrickling filtration) as, at increased airflows, their reduction in overall costs over 20 years (NPV20) is more extreme when compared to the physical/chemical technologies (chemical scrubbing and activated carbon filtration). Due to their low NPV and their low environmental impact, activated sludge diffusion and biotrickling filtration are in general the most cost-effective, and probably the technologies to be considered first for odour treatment in a wastewater treatment or water recycling plant. When, in an economical and risk evaluation, the reliability is counted to be as relevant as the overall costs, a hybrid technology (biotrickling filtration with activated carbon polishing) would be comparable to biotrickling filtration and activated sludge diffusion as the most preferred technologies, when all technologies are designed to have a 99% reduction of H2S and a 95% reduction of the odour concentration. PMID:24718332
Kraakman, N J R; Estrada, J M; Lebrero, R; Cesca, J; Muñoz, R
In pursuit of such missions as Apollo, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration has called into being unique equipment that obviously has little direct application beyond the achievement of mission objectives. Yet, to assume that further direct application of space program hardware is somehow a measure of the industrial benefits accruing to the nation is to misunderstand how the creation of new technology affects modern industrial capability. This document presents a profile of the significant ways in which technological developments in response to aerospace mission requirements have been coupled into industrial practice, with the result being that improved products and processes are now being utilized to benefit the nation.
Is it better to use a case at the beginning of a topic or at the end? To answer this, we need to examine both trigger and capstone cases in terms of their goals. The answer is not so inscrutable--it clearly depends upon your goal. Both trigger and capstone cases have their place, but the author would contend that if you wish to really engage a student in a subject, one can hardly do better than to start with an interesting, current, and controversial topic. And even if you sneak in a bunch of scientific lingo that initially doesn't make sense, a trigger case can surely prompt a student to want to learn more about the topic. And that is one heck of a great way to begin a day.
Technology Enhanced Learning is a feature of 21st century education. Innovations in ICT have provided unbound access to information in support of the learning process (APTEL, 2010; Allert et al, 2002; Baldry et al, 2006; Frustenberg et al, 2001; Sarkis, 2010). LMS has been extensively put to use in universities and educational institutions to…
The Institute of Public Administration (IPA), in Saudi Arabia, is a well renowned training institution designated for training civil servants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This paper mainly discusses the uses of technologies in the administrative aspects of the IPA. The author also points out the obstacles faced and lessons learned from the…
The use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) to bridge the communication gap between teacher and learner has been identified as a major characteristic of Open and Distance Learning (ODL). In many developing counties, including Nigeria, several barriers prevent OD learners from maximising the potentials of ICTs to enhance their learning.…
This article explores whether WebCT, a virtual learning technology, meets organisational and customer goals at Coventry University Business School (CBS). Lecturer and student perceptions about the benefits of WebCT as a teaching and learning resource are examined as well as the goals of WebCT for the university as an organization. CBS students…
When one walks into the classrooms at New Technology High School (NTHS) in Napa, California, he or she will see that students there are always at work: writing journals online, doing research on the Internet, meeting in groups to plan and make their Web sites and their digital media presentations, and evaluating their peers for collaboration and…
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of internet filtering, and its impact on marginalized groups including non-governmental organizations, female activists, ethnic, and religious minorities, the younger generation and the increase of the digital divide in Iran. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper raises two main questions: to what extent do information and communications technologies (ICTs) and
Interest in construction industry (CI) innovation, particularly in information communication technology (ICT), has been steadily growing with the advent and widespread use of the Internet. However, despite its potential for delivering competitive advantage, many companies have failed to effectively realize promised benefits from ICT due to misunderstanding the relationship between factors and processes influencing ICT implementation. Results from recent in?depth
Assemblies of power semiconductor switches and their associated drive circuits are at present available in modules. Upward into the multi-kilowatt range, mixed mode module construction is used. This incorporates monolithic, hybrid, surface mount, and wirebond technology. However, a close examination of the applications in motor drives and power supplies indicates that there has been no dramatic volume reduction of the
Jacobus Daniel van Wyk; Fred C. Lee; Zhenxian Liang; Rengang Chen; Shuo Wang; Bing Lu
Assistive technology (AT) benefits many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The appropriate application of accommodation solutions, whether they involve the use of AT or not, can be a complex process involving a team of people with various backgrounds. This article describes an in-service AT training program that…
Using a theory of technological literacy, analysis of a project to oppose uranium mining in Saskatchewan revealed how the potential for empowerment is often overstated. Informing citizens to participate in critical discourse does not always lead to decisions reflecting their interests. (SK)
The Taoge water system is located in the upstream of Taihu Lake basin and is characterized by its multi-connected rivers and lakes. In this paper, current analyses of hydrology, hydrodynamics and water pollution of Gehu Lake and Taige Canal are presented. Several technologies are proposed for pollution prevention and control, and water environmental protection in the Taihu Lake basin. These included water pollution control integration technology for the water systems of Gehu Lake, Taige Canal and Caoqiao River. Additionally, river-lake water quality and quantity regulation technology, ecological restoration technology for polluted and degraded water bodies, and water environmental integration management and optimization strategies were also examined. The main objectives of these strategies are to: (a) improve environmental quality of relative water bodies, prevent pollutants from entering Gehu Lake and Taige Canal, and ensure that the clean water after the pre-treatment through Gehu Lake is not polluted before entering the Taihu Lake through Taige Canal; (b) stably and efficiently intercept and decrease the pollution load entering the lake through enhancing the river outlet ecological system structure function and water self-purifying capacity, and (c) designate Gehu Lake as a regulation system for water quality and water quantity in the Taoge water system and thus guarantee the improvement of the water quality of the inflow into Taihu Lake. PMID:21516445
This poster paper represents the NASA funded project that was to employ the latest three dimensional visualization technology to explore and provide direct data access to heterogeneous A-Train datasets. Google Earth (tm) provides foundation for organizing, visualizing, publishing and synergizing Earth science data .
-of-systems technologies will enable decisive maneuver, both horizon- tal and vertical, during day and night, and in all, there is also an escalation of the "dark side of the force" in the form of cyber terrorism, which is the use
Nowadays, the development of Digital Earth has made a tremendous impact on all aspects of human social life, and a series of effective work around Digital Earth, which attracted wide attention, have been carried out by people with different background. Meantime, exploitation of the popularized technology is constantly being mature with the development of Google Earth. However, users still have
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of casestudies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The casestudy provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.
There is a growing emphasis on the research-teaching nexus, and there are many innovative ways to incorporate research materials and methods in undergraduate teaching. Solar Physics is a cross-disciplinary subject and offers the ideal opportunity for research-enhanced teaching (1). In this presentation, I outline i) how student-led teaching of research content and methods is introduced in an undergraduate module in Solar Physics, and ii) how electronic learning and teaching can be used to improve students' learning of mathematical concepts in Solar Physics. More specifically, I discuss how research literature reviewing and reporting methods can be embedded and developed systematically throughout the module with aligned assessments. Electronic feedback and feedforward (2) are given to the students in order to enhance their understanding of the subject and improve their research skills. Other technology-enhanced teaching approaches (3) are used to support students' learning of the more quantitative components of the module. This casestudy is particularly relevant to a wide range of pedagogical contexts (4) as the Solar Physics module is taught to students following undergraduate programs in Geology, Earth Sciences, Environmental Geology as well as Planetary Science with Astronomy in the host Department. Related references: (1) Tong, C. H., Let interdisciplinary research begin in undergraduate years, Nature (2010) v. 463, p. 157. (2) Tong, V. C. H., Linking summative assessments? Electronic feedback and feedforward in module design, British Journal of Educational Technology (2011), accepted for publication. (3) Tong, V. C. H., Using asynchronous electronic surveys to help in-class revision: A casestudy, British Journal of Educational Technology (2011), doi:10.1111/j.1467-8535.2011.01207.x (4) Tong, V. C. H. (ed.), Geoscience Research and Education, Springer, Dordrecht (2012)
the economic viability of reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination of brackish-groundwater as a potable water source. By including brackish- groundwater, there may be an alternative water source that provides municipalities an opportunity to hedge against droughts...), this research also concludes that reverse-osmosis (RO) desalination of brackish-groundwater is economically competitive with conventional surface-water treatment in this region. Economies of Size in Municipal Water-Treatment Technologies: A Texas Lower Rio...
Boyer, Christopher N.; Rister, M. Edward; Rogers, Callie S.; Sturdivant, Allen W.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Browning, Charles Jr.; Elium III, James R.; Seawright, Emily K.
Financial service institutions are pursuing organizational agility in the face of an increasingly competitive marketplace,\\u000a and are consequently looking infrastructure technologies that enable process and infrastructure agility. Service-oriented\\u000a computing (SOC) appears to provide flexibility and agility, not just in systems development but also in business process management.\\u000a This paper empirically examines the decision to adopt SOC as an enterprise strategy
Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three casestudies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...
The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The casestudies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...
This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the needs of California, determining residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and level of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).
This paper describes the PBL (Project-Based Learning) method which is applied to the seminar class at the Advanced Course of Electronic and Information Systems Engineering in Kushiro National College of Technology. The PBL method is an educational technique used for students to develop problem-solving skills through a self-directed learning process, in which students are responsible to identify problems and explore possible solutions. A small team-based competition approach which is applied by companies in developing trial product is employed in the seminar, aiming at developing students? problem-solving skills. Subjects which contain two solutions or more are applied for the seminar class. During the problem-solving process, the students are also expected to learn the practical knowledge and skills.
Data collection and analysis in the areas of air transportation, aircraft manufacturing and sales, airline operations, market projections, internal trade, and energy consumption; legislation and regulations, technology needs; surveys; decision-making; cost analyses; and technology transfer are discussed.
Objectives To assess the impact of technology-based changes on student learning, skill development, and satisfaction in a patient-case workshop. Design A new workshop format for a course was adopted over a 3-year period. Students received and completed patient cases and obtained immediate performance feedback in class instead of preparing the case prior to class and waiting for instructors to grade and return their cases. The cases were designed and accessed via an online course management system. Assessment Student satisfaction was measured using end-of-course surveys. The impact of the technology-based changes on student learning, problem-solving, and critical-thinking skills was measured and compared between the 2 different course formats by assessing changes in examination responses. Three advantages to the new format were reported: real-life format in terms of time constraint for responses, a team learning environment, and expedient grading and feedback. Students overwhelmingly agreed that the new format should be continued. Students' examination scores improved significantly under the new format. Conclusion The change in delivery of patient-case workshops to an online, real-time system was well accepted and resulted in enhanced learning, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills. PMID:19777101
Electronic waste (e-waste) management is pressing as global production has increased significantly in the past few years and is rising continuously at a fast rate. Many countries are facing hazardous e-waste mountains, most of which are disposed of by backyard recyclers, creating serious threats to public health and ecosystems. Industrialization of state-of-the-art recycling technologies is imperative to enhance the comprehensive utilization of resources and to protect the environment. This article aims to provide an overview of management strategies solving the crucial problems during the process of industrialization. A typical casestudy of electrostatic separation for recycling waste printed circuit boards was discussed in terms of parameters optimization, materials flow control, noise assessment, risk assessment, economic evaluation and social benefits analysis. The comprehensive view provided by the review could be helpful to the progress of the e-waste recycling industry. PMID:23129606
This paper focuses on a process to design and build a web-based system to assist staff in day-to-day management and contemporaneous documentation of their work. Other groups that want to use web technology to support their work could apply the approach presented here, but the design itself pertains to a particular set of issues in a unique context. Each user must apply the approach to identify their objectives and design a site to meet them. The main question that the Energy Efficiency Standards Group addressed was: ''How can we facilitate documentation of interim results and final products while conducting a complex, interdependent set of analyses by multiple authors under time pressures for delivering a final product?'' The approach to address this question includes categorization of the components of the work, discussions with staff, development of infrastructure support for documentation, implementation of the documentation process and integration with the workflow, and follow- up with staff. The search for a solution raised a number of issues such as the need for a thorough understanding of the work, consensus building by inclusion of key staff, and deliverable scheduling to allow for contemporaneous documentation. Documentation results vary among the product analyses, from extensive internal and external use to much slower adoption. Complaints include the length of the input forms and pressure from clients to deliver results. But with repeated demand for interim output, the need for thorough contemporaneous documentation still remains. Accordingly, as problems arise there is continued commitment among the staff to address them.
Benenson, Peter; McMahon, James E.; Brown, Stephen R.
Hydrocarbon containing soil was bioremediated at a combination wastewater and slop oil skim evaporation pond utilizing cost effective low technology resources. Fluids and sludge from the football field-sized pond were extraction procedure toxicity and purgeable organics tested, and total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentrations determined. An impact risk analysis was performed, and a corrective action plan developed and implemented. The three year project was closely coordinated with the Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) and the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) who established the closure level. The impacted soils at the pond were completely excavated and closure was immediately granted by KDHE for the excavated area. The 24,000 cubic yards of excavated soil were then surface spread on adjacent Mobil property. A nutrient and microbial base was applied to bioaugment the soil. The preapplication land surface and the subsequently land farmed soil was periodically disced and chiseled. A job safety plan including industrial hygiene measures to eliminate workforce exposure was developed and implemented. The final remediation cost analysis amounts to $1.48 per cubic yard compared to the $30 to $150 per cubic yard industry o estimates for similar projects. Several factors were critical in ailing costs to remain so low: (1) assessment and implementation by local in-house staff, (2) conservative remedial action plan and sampling strategy; (3) local contractors; (4) locally available soil amendment; and (5) effective regulatory coordination. The methods described can be used to cost effectively characterize and bioremediate other sites where hydrocarbon-impacted soils exist in similar dry-land environments.
This study examines the impact of various organizational and technology characteristics on the adoption of computer aided software engineering (CASE) technology. Based on research in innovation adoption and IS implementation, the study develops a research model comprised of seven factors that are important for the successful adoption of CASEtechnology. The data for the study were collected through a field
This paper aims to discover how Mook, a publishing company, connects with their users through a new tourism platform named Tripass. This platform has set some new functions, in which encourages users to participate, such as, trip planning, itinerary discussions, etc., are including new innovation services, Using Mook as a study object. This paper examines the relationships between the company
The report, based on a six-month study as a participant-observer, discusses developments now under way in West Germany's Adult Education Centers movement. The article offers a comparative approach that takes account of trends in Europe and North America. It puts these developments into a philosophical framework, noting that Germany may provide a…
In 1994, the United States Federal Highway Administration funded a consortium of companies and universities to research and develop automated highway systems (AHS). If carried to completion, an AHS would enable vehicles to travel on limited access highways under full automation. This paper reports on a study completed as part of the FHWA's Precursor Systems Analyses (PSA) program, to assess
This neuropathology casestudy, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 27-year-old female presents with a history of seizures. A detailed patient history along with gross and microscopic images of the patientÃ¢ÂÂs brain are included in this casestudy. The official diagnosis found in the Ã¢ÂÂFinal DiagnosisÃ¢ÂÂ section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
The Niger Delta (Nigeria) is an exemplar of a legacy of environmental pollution. Limited knowledge on spatial and temporal pollutant distributions in the region highlights the need for biomonitoring approaches to study impacts on sentinel organisms. This study evaluated whether infrared (IR) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis could detect alterations in biomolecules in samples in differing exposure scenarios, i.e., spatial and temporal using African catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis) or water spinach (Ipomea aquatica). Significant spectral differences between tissues isolated from African catfish based on site or season were observed; in a region where fish appeared not to be present, water spinach was used as a surrogate sentinel organism. Using one-way ANOVA, the spectral categories were significant (P < 0.0001). The applicability of IR spectroscopy to detect subtle changes in target biological molecules within sentinel organisms along with its low-cost yet high-throughput potential suggests that biospectroscopy permits real-time evaluation of environmental exposure effects. PMID:24602761
Obinaju, Blessing E; Alaoma, Alozie; Martin, Francis L
Utility load management programs--including direct load control and interruptible load programs--were employed by utilities in the past as system reliability resources. With electricity industry restructuring, the context for these programs has changed; the market that was once controlled by vertically integrated utilities has become competitive, raising the question: can existing load management programs be modified so that they can effectively participate in competitive energy markets? In the short run, modified and/or improved operation of load management programs may be the most effective form of demand-side response available to the electricity system today. However, in light of recent technological advances in metering, communication, and load control, utility load management programs must be carefully reviewed in order to determine appropriate investments to support this transition. This report investigates the feasibility of and options for modifying an existing utility load management system so that it might provide reliability services (i.e. ancillary services) in the competitive markets that have resulted from electricity industry restructuring. The report is a casestudy of Southern California Edison's (SCE) load management programs. SCE was chosen because it operates one of the largest load management programs in the country and it operates them within a competitive wholesale electricity market. The report describes a wide range of existing and soon-to-be-available communication, control, and metering technologies that could be used to facilitate the evolution of SCE's load management programs and systems to provision of reliability services. The fundamental finding of this report is that, with modifications, SCE's load management infrastructure could be transitioned to provide critical ancillary services in competitive electricity markets, employing currently or soon-to-be available load control technologies.
database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional casestudies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.
Presents a casestudy demonstrating successful behavioral treatment of a depressed older man using group and conjoint therapy. Two major issues in dealing with the aged are addressed: dealing with resistance to therapy, and distinguishing between disability due to organic brain syndrome and that due to depression. (Author/RC)
Report Abstract: As part of the track and trace theme of the Aero-ID programme, a series of casestudies are being undertaken to establish the role of identification technologies can play in improving tracking and tracing. This report presents some initial results from two casestudies focused on track and trace operations, which took place at a distribution centre for
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.
Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection caused by trematodes (flatworms). It is second only to malaria in public health significance, with an estimated 200 million people infected worldwide. Schistosoma haematobium is endemic in Africa and the Middle East. This casestudy discusses a 36-year-old Somalian male who immigrated to a Northeastern city in the United States from a refugee camp in Kenya. He presented with episodic gross hematuria and flank pain, and was eventually diagnosed with urinary tract schistosomiasis, which was successfully treated with praziquantel. While the disease is not common in the United States, this case is presented for both its urological and cultural considerations. PMID:19331272
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology of a 51 year-old man with epilepsy. Images and results from a neurological examination are provided in this case. The patientÃ¢ÂÂs diagnosis is found in the Ã¢ÂÂFinal DiagnosisÃ¢ÂÂ section, which also includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.
The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology casestudies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 79 year old male with headaches and sinus problems is evaluated. The patient previously had "an inverted papilloma resected." Using the gross description, microscopic description, and images provided, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical problem. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.
Taking climate change scenarios into account, rainfall patterns are likely to change over the coming decades in eastern Africa. In brief, large parts of eastern Africa are expected to experience a wetting, including seasonality changes. Gullies are threshold phenomena that accomplish most of their geomorphic change during short periods of strong rainfall. Understanding the links between geomorphic change and rainfall characteristics in detail, is thus crucial to ensure the sustainability of future land management. In this study, we present image-based 3D modelling as a low-cost, flexible and rapid method to quantify gully morphology from terrestrial photographs. The methodology was tested on two gully heads in Northern Ethiopia. Ground photographs (n = 88-235) were taken during days with cloud cover. The photographs were processed in PhotoScan software using a semi-automated Structure from Motion-Multi View Stereo (SfM-MVS) workflow. As a result, full 3D models were created, accurate at cm level. These models allow to quantify gully morphology in detail, including information on undercut walls and soil pipe inlets. Such information is crucial for understanding the hydrogeomorphic processes involved. Producing accurate 3D models after each rainfall event, allows to model interrelations between rainfall, land management, runoff and erosion. Expected outcomes are the production of detailed vulnerability maps that allow to design soil and water conservation measures in a cost-effective way. Keywords: 3D model, Ethiopia, Image-based 3D modelling, Gully, PhotoScan, Rainfall.
Frankl, Amaury; Stal, Cornelis; Abraha, Amanuel; De Wulf, Alain; Poesen, Jean
It is an undeniable fact that isolated areas lack sufficient energy resources and that energy supply is central in order to achieve sustainable development goals. On the other hand, agricultural materials, whose trade profit fluctuates in low levels, are produced locally in wide range. As a result, the implementation of an alternative, more effective approach, which ensures the sustainability in social, economical and environmental dimension, is a crucial issue for developing countries. In this particular study, in order to cover the local energy needs, the possibility of installing a small biodiesel plant in a rural area of Cameroon, has been analyzed. The final biodiesel product can also be disposed directly to the market leading to an additional local income. In this paper, both the monthly potential of palm oil in Mango’o region and the recommended biodiesel production process are presented. Some significant benefits that can be achieved are independence from fossil fuels, mechanization of palm oil production process and additional prevention of local depopulation.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a 74 year old man with a history of diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, inferior wall myocardial infarction, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. He was admitted for a left femoral-popliteal bypass graft. The casestudy provides both gross and microscopic descriptions along with pertinent laboratory studies in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.
This module takes the learner through seven casestudies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.
The technology development costs and associated benefits in applying advanced technology associated with the design of a new wing for a new or derivative trijet with a capacity for 350 passengers and maximum range of 8519 km, entering service in 1990 were studied. The areas of technology are: (1) airfoil technology; (2) planform parameters; (3) high lift; (4) pitch active control system; (5) all electric systems; (6) E to 3rd power propulsion; (7) airframe/propulsion integration; (8) graphite/epoxy composites; (9) advanced aluminum alloys; (10) titanium alloys; and (11) silicon carbide/aluminum composites. These technologies were applied to the reference aircraft configuration. Payoffs were determined for block fuel reductions and net value of technology. These technologies are ranked for the ratio of net value of technology (NVT) to technology development costs.
Hays, A. P.; Beck, W. E.; Morita, W. H.; Penrose, B. J.; Skarshaug, R. E.; Wainfan, B. S.
This document contains the following papers on simulations and casestudies from the SITE (Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education) 2002 conference: "3-D Virtual Classroom Technology" (Kimberly Arseneau Miller, Angela Glod); "Simulated Lesson Design Studios" (Willis Copeland); "Lights, Camera, Integration: Presentation Programs and…
This study aims to show how music technology mediated (or music software mediated) music teaching and learning can provide an effective pedagogy in music education. It also seeks to demonstrate that music technology mediated teaching is in accordance with socio-educational trends for both postmodern values and IT mediated learning. The new…
A goal of evidence-based software engineering is to provide a means by which industry practitioners can make rational decisions about technology adoption. When a technology is mature enough for potential widespread use, practitioners find empirical evidence most compelling when the study has taken place in a live, industrial situation in an environment comparable to their own. However, empirical software engineering
To prepare for the casestudy, lecture material on coastal landforms and processes is presented. Particular attention is paid to barrier islands, such as the Outer Banks. During the lecture, typical coastal engineering structures, such as groins, breakwaters, and jetties, are introduced. The casestudy is introduced with a brief overview of North Carolina's coastal management laws, Figure Eight Island's geography, and the current controversy over whether to build a terminal groin. Students are then broken down into small groups and presented with two opposing editorials. The groups are instructed to try to come to consensus as to whether the terminal groin should be allowed or disallowed or to suggest a third alternative. After approximately 25 minutes, each group informally reports out to the rest of the class.
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of casestudies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. In this case, a 68-year-old male patient experiencing fevers, chills, an associated non-productive cough, and weight loss was admitted to the hospital for examination. The Ã¢ÂÂGross Description,Ã¢ÂÂ Ã¢ÂÂMicroscopic Description,Ã¢ÂÂ and Ã¢ÂÂ MicrobiologyÃ¢ÂÂ sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientÃ¢ÂÂs diagnosis. Clicking on the Ã¢ÂÂFinal DiagnosisÃ¢ÂÂ provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment from the contributing doctors.
Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of casestudies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.
This report documents a set of casestudies developed to estimate the cost of producing, storing, delivering, and dispensing hydrogen for light-duty vehicles for several scenarios involving metropolitan areas in Alabama. While the majority of the scenarios focused on centralized hydrogen production and pipeline delivery, alternative delivery modes were also examined. Although Alabama was used as the casestudy for
Fouad H. Fouad; Robert W. Peters; Virginia P. Sisiopiku; Sullivan Andrew J; Jerry Gillette; Amgad Elgowainy; Marianne Mintz
More than 20 casestudies exemplifying innovative techniques in the use of closed circuit television for employee training in organizations not primarily dedicated to education have been collected. Casestudies have been selected from the military, the medical professions, sports, and business organizations, primarily in Great Britain. Uses of…
The status and near term potential of materials and processes available for the fabrication of single mode integrated electro-optical components are discussed. Issues discussed are host material and orientation, waveguide formation, optical loss mechanisms, wavelength selection, polarization effects and control, laser to integrated optics coupling fiber optic waveguides to integrated optics coupling, sources, and detectors. Recommendations of the best materials, technology, and processes for fabrication of integrated optical components for communications and fiber gyro applications are given.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 26-year-old woman has had a 13-year history of poorly controlled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Visitors are given both the patient history and laboratory results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.
Anhalt, John P.; Macauley, Robert; Pasculle, A. W.; Sheaffer, John; Torbenson, Michael
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a female neonate only two days old became lethargic and developed focal seizures. Visitors are given the high performance liquid chromatography, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 24-day-old baby is failing to thrive and experiencing seizures. Visitors are given the microscopic description, with images, the results of the postmortem examination, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 7-year-old girl is experiencing episodic seizures. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including neuroimaging results, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology. [ASC
This is a pulmonary pathology casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55 year old female has spontaneously occurring hemoptysis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.
The implementation of new high-speed transport technologies re-shapes the demand balance between transport modes and rebound effects may occur. In this paper first a definition of environmental rebound effects of high-speed transport is presented and various cases are discussed. Second, a method is developed to determine and quantify the environmental rebound effects employing life cycle assessment. The method is illustrated
Michael Spielmann; Peter de Haan; Roland W. Scholz
Technology advances needed for an overall mission model standpoint as well as those for individual shuttle payloads are defined. The technology advances relate to the mission scientific equipment, spacecraft subsystems that functionally support this equipment, and other payload-related equipment, software, and environment necessary to meet broad program objectives. In the interest of obtaining commonality of requirements, the study was structured according to technology categories rather than in terms of individual payloads.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy and physiology associated with cell physiology and tissue anatomy. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Brent JF Hill (University of Central Arkansas Biology)
This is a casestudy for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this casestudy explores the anatomy of the brain. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Today, technology education in Sweden is both a high-status and a low-status phenomenon. Positive values such as economic growth, global competitiveness and the sustainability of the welfare state are often coupled with higher engineering education and sometimes even upper secondary education. Negative values, on the other hand, are often…
As part of a larger effort to pinpoint emerging training needs, casestudies of the telecommunications and administration/offices sectors were conducted in Spain, Italy, and France to identify new information technology (IT) competencies required of employees in those fields and determine whether IT has similar consequences in individual European…
Describes the curriculum at Frost Lake (Minnesota) Magnet School of Technology and Global Studies, which integrates technology, basic skills, and global education to teach respect for diversity and justice and peace issues in multicultural education. Objectives, activities, and resources for three sample lessons are presented. (LRW)
This report presents findings from an ethnographic study of technology integration and diffusion in two California community colleges. The study was commissioned to examine whether faculty behavior and student learning outcomes have changed as a result of @ONE instructional technology training and resources. The California Community Colleges…
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 72-year-old white male who presented to an outside facility with chest pain of 24 hours duration." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, including images. They are also given flow cytometry and cytogenic data as well as molecular genetics, with images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.
Delphi Automotive Systems and the Los Alamos National Laboratory worked together to develop PREDICT, a new methodology to characterize the reliability of a new product during its development program. Rather than conducting testing after hardware has been built, and developing statistical confidence bands around the results, this updating approach starts with an early reliability estimate characterized by large uncertainty, and then proceeds to reduce the uncertainty by folding in fresh information in a Bayesian framework. A considerable amount of knowledge is available at the beginning of a program in the form of expert judgment which helps to provide the initial estimate. This estimate is then continually updated as substantial and varied information becomes available during the course of the development program. This paper presents a casestudy of the application of PREDICT, with the objective of further describing the methodology. PREDICT has been honored with an R&D 100 Award presented by R&D Magazine.
Kerscher, W. J. (William J.) III; Booker, J. M. (Jane M.); Meyer, Mary A.
system that can be embedded into advertising billboards. The camera monitors people who come within a few of video analysis technology. This software-based technology can scan video footage and extract information By linking the video analysis software to a small camera, the NICTA research team has created a monitoring
This study is a consolidation of the findings acquired in the course of three parallel surveys conducted in France, Italy, and Spain on the impact of new technologies in the telecommunications and administration/office sectors. Data are from an ad hoc interview questionnaire directed at the people in charge of functional areas of the firm and…
Gatti, Mario; Gonzalez, Lazaro Garcia; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio
Using data from a nationwide, large-scale experimental study of the effects of a connected classroom technology on student learning in algebra (Owens et al., 2004), this dissertation focuses on challenges that can arise in estimating treatment effects in educational field experiments when samples are highly heterogeneous in terms of various…
The Web 2.0 technologies and standards enable web as a platform by allowing the user participation in web application. In the realization of Web 2.0, new knowledge and services are created by combining information and services from different sources which are known as ‘mashups'. The present study focused on spatial mashup solution for disaster management using open source GIS, mobile
Harish Chandra Karnatak; Reedhi Shukla; Vinod Kumar Sharma; Y. V. S. Murthy; V. Bhanumurthy
Purpose: The study's purpose was to determine the degree to which connoisseurship and educational criticism exists in student work evaluation; to identify master teachers' methods utilizing verbal feedback; and to determine the degree that project-based learning (PBL) principles serve as a "model of practice" for selected PBL technology arts…
Examines the paradox of casestudies' abilities to understand the complexity in particular contexts while not being generalizable. Argues that the pressure for quantification and multisite casestudy design in policy research has weakened the original utility of the casestudy method for understanding complex educational phenomena. (DSK)
Widespread concerns currently exist regarding our nation's ability to attract, educate, and retain talented, diverse individuals in STEM fields. These concerns are exacerbated by globalized competition and critical economic conditions. With these issues in mind, this instrumental casestudy was designed to examine the life story of Dr. Pauline Beery Mack in order to inform secondary and tertiary educational leadership in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Dr. Mack's life story was written from the interpretive view and analyzed through a number of theoretical frameworks appropriate to understanding the complexity of an individual in time and place: the psychobiosocial model, constructivism, creativity, perspective of the field, and the capstone framework of leadership. Data for the construction of Dr. Mack's life story were obtained from Pennsylvania State University Archives, The Women's Collection at Texas Woman's University (TWU), original publications, news media archives, and other sources. Interviews conducted for TWU's archives and interviews conducted by the author provided personal insight into Dr. Mack's life and work. Dr. Mack (1891-1974) lived, learned, created, and taught in a STEM arena that was predominately male. She pursued research with zeal, and was highly adept in attracting jobs, funding, students, and the right people to get the jobs done. Her longitudinal nutrition research, based on a methodology she invented, was innovative in its scope and scale. She served as an advocate for consumers, the undernourished, women, and minorities. Along the way, she changed perceptions of what women could accomplish. Bone density, school lunches, Victory Gardens, flammability, textile industry scandal, and space travel. Dr. Mack with her insatiable need to know was involved in it all. Her multiplicity of roles and contexts yielded a rich and complex life from which to draw implications for educational leadership in secondary and tertiary STEM fields. Implications for educational leadership in secondary and tertiary STEM fields that emerged from this study, relating to both affective and academic spheres, range from STEM valuing, discipline-related expertise, divergence value modeling, and expectations. Among the other implications addressed are levels of thinking, scaffolding for attribute development, and working on the work.
The development of a Dewar system for handling liquid helium under weightless conditions is described. Porous plug designs for the prevention of superfluid creep out of the dewar through the vent line were evaluated. For the purpose of designing a neck to provide a transition from the cold cavity to the outside, the loads carried by the neck and equipment supports were studied. Temperature, pressure, and mass flow instrumentation for monitoring Dewar performance were also evaluated. In addition, multilayer blankets consisting of aluminized Mylar separated by Dacron net sheets were designed to insulate the pressure vessel. The dewar system is suggested for use with the star tracking telescope aboard the relativity satellite.
The paper discusses the objectives of a hydrogen energy systems technologystudy directed toward determining future demand for hydrogen based on current trends and anticipated new uses and identifying the critical research and technology advancements required to meet this need with allowance for raw material limitations, economics, and environmental effects. Attention is focused on historic production and use of hydrogen, scenarios used as a basis for projections, projections of energy sources and uses, supply options, and technology requirements and needs. The study found more than a billion dollar annual usage of hydrogen, dominated by chemical-industry needs, supplied mostly from natural gas and petroleum feedstocks. Evaluation of the progress in developing nuclear fusion and solar energy sources relative to hydrogen production will be necessary to direct the pace and character of research and technology work in the advanced water-splitting areas.
This paper describes the development of a case-based system for information technology (IT) education, to be used in high schools across Japan, so that teachers can share a common knowledge about IT education. The first section covers the study purpose and describes the case-based system, including registration of cases, searching cases, and…
This report centers around a plant-level study of the development and utilization of human resources in the context of technological change and industrial restructuring in the crankshaft production area of Ford Motor Company's Dearborn Engine Plant (DEP). The introductory chapter describes how the study was conducted, provides an introduction to…
A study undertaken in support of NASA's Global Habitability Program is described. A demonstration of geographic information system (GIS) technology for site evaluation and selection is given. The objective was to locate potential fuelwood plantations within a 50 km radius of Nairobi, Kenya. A model was developed to evaluate site potential based on capability and suitability criteria and implemented using the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan's geographic information system.
The concentration of power and the potential for abuse inherent in modern technology mandates the development of a personal and socially responsible ethic. The development and examination of this ethic should be reflected and integrated throughout social studies instruction. Historical examples of traditional virtues (sobriety, thrift, industry)…
Health Information Technology Systems (HITS) are becoming more widely integrated into patient care in the dental school setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a chairside HITS on users in the dental school setting. Qualitative techniques, including interviews, focus groups and observations, were used. Using grounded theory, we saw 9 themes emerge. One theme of particular interest was that “training and support needs of end-users were significant.” This paper explores this theme in detail and discusses the implications. PMID:21346989
Hill, Heather K.; Stewart, Denice C. L.; Ash, Joan S.
This site contains casestudies relevant to chemistry and related scientific areas, all using problem based learning methods. The casestudies are in the form of downloadable pdf files that include materials to give to students as well as instructor guides.
: The Case of Carbon Capture and Storage By Eleanor Ereira Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division on Coal-fired Power Plants with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) as a casestudy of a new high-cost energyAssessing Early Investments in Low Carbon Technologies under Uncertainty: The Case of Carbon
The objective of this volume of contributed chapters is to present a series of applications of geostatistics. These range from a careful variographic analysis on uranium data, through detailed studies on geologically complex deposits, right up to the latest nonlinear methods applied to deposits with highly skewed data contributions. Applications of new techniques such as the external drift method for combining well data with seismic information have also been included. The volume emphasizes geostatistics in practice. Notation has been kept to a minimum and mathematical details have been relegated to annexes.
Investigated whether a professional development session, teachers' learning styles, or an individual's personal appraisal of problem-solving abilities can be indicators of how technology will be integrated into instructional practices. Topics include Kolb's learning styles; the Problem Solving Inventory; and personal control style. (Author/LRW)
Students work in a jigsaw format, they start in an expert group analyzing one particular aspect of the earthquake that occurred (e.g., tsunami, geologic maps, damage assessment). After analyzing the data/information provided, students get into their new groups, which are a "consulting team" to make recommendations to key governmental officials about the earthquake they studied and implications for future development. These are presented in a poster session style event, which then leads to individual papers that are written about the same topic, which are peer reviewed and revised. Students are asked to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses in the process and to consider changes for future opportunities, as well as connect the curriculum to the overall process of science.
Interactive casestudy discussions were an integral part of the program at the 3rd Annual Canadian Urology Forum (2013). The following is a summary of discussions pertaining to a case illustrating the difficulties in the management of pelvic floor disorders. PMID:24523847
Very large reflective surfaces are required by future spacecraft for such purposes as solar energy collection, antenna surfaces, thermal control, attitude and orbit control with solar pressure, and solar sailing. The performance benefits in large membrane reflector systems, which may be derived from an advancement of this film and related structures technology, are identified and qualified. The results of the study are reported and summarized. Detailed technical discussions of various aspects of the study are included in several separate technical notes which are referenced.
This project is to definitely prove that the resistivity of geological formations can be measured from within cased wells and to license the relevant patents and technology to major wireline service companies.
The attached presentation discusses the fundamentals of bioventing in the vadose zone. The basics of bioventing are presented. The experience to date with the del Amo Superfund Site is presented as a casestudy....
A case-control study conducted in Taiwan between 1991-1994 among approximately 1,000 individuals to examine the role of viral, environmental, and genetic factors associated with the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three casestudies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...
Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three casestudies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...
Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three casestudies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...
The research presented in this thesis combines Enterprise Architecture and Technology Strategy for analyzing, evaluating, and recommending appropriate solutions for integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the ...
Abstract The purpose of this collective casestudy was to describe the communication behaviors of five people with chronic aphasia when they retold personal narratives to an unfamiliar communication partner using four variants of a visual scene display (VSD) interface. The results revealed that spoken language comprised roughly 70% of expressive modality units; variable patterns of use for other modalities emerged. Although inconsistent across participants, several people with aphasia experienced no trouble sources during the retells using VSDs with personally relevant photographs and text boxes. Overall, participants perceived the personally relevant photographs and the text as helpful during the retells. These patterns may serve as a springboard for future experimental investigations regarding how interface design influences the communicative and linguistic performance of people with aphasia. PMID:25420490
This chapter presents the casestudy of the Avio Brindisi plant where a profound process of change has been in progress for a number of years. We use the TEKNE Project methodology of change to analyze the different aspects of the case, highlighting the firm's strategic, organizational and technological characteristics and the environment it operates in. In particular, we envisage a change in the plant's business model in response to the expansion of its client segments and a potential new approach to MRO operations based on advanced fleet management practices that would radically change the firm's organization and value network with respect to its MRO service offering, thereby yielding extensive global market opportunities.
This article describes a six-week long exercise that incorporates a dynamic learning approach into an e-commerce or Internet technology business law elective course; the exercise pursues an entrepreneurial approach to the use of an appropriate business model by emphasizing the interaction between technology, business, and law. This active learning…
The case shares the turn-around story in leveraging Knowledge Management (KM) at Enterprise Application Services (EAS), a major business unit (BU) in Wipro Technologies. The case depicts the approach taken in enrolling the employees onto the KM systems and practices. The turnaround was the result of a project that ran for 6 months, and the comparisons are drawn based on
A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case…
These eight casestudies illustrate the capacity of United Kingdom Colleges of Further Education to respond effectively to training needs of local industry and commerce. Case 1 demonstrates shifts across a range of local authority colleges towards provision in the new information technologies and the service industries. Case 2 illustrates a…
This casestudy is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.
The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...
.) Review of Literature...........................................................9 3.) The Minnesota Model;Curriculum Integration CaseStudies 3 8.) 2007 Report (Van Deusen): The University of California, San DiegoCurriculum Integration CaseStudies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case
A casestudy of automation in the British baking industry illustrates several perspectives: (1) technological change as inevitable due to external market forces; (2) selection and implementation of technology as an outcome of strategic choices; and (3) awareness of the need for change as part of a political process in which choices are made among…
The most recent guide from Inc.com offers casestudies in business ethics and includes coverage of businesses striving to become more environmentally aware, provide community growth, and activate global change. One of the casestudies follows Fetzer Vineyards, a California winery committed to reducing its own waste; another describes the way that the Philadelphia restaurant White Dog Cafe donates ten percent of its $4.4 million profit to a variety of nonprofit organizations. The casestudies are generally quite short and easy to read; additionally, they link to several online polls that test users's business ethics skills. For more information on Guides @ Inc.com, see the August 10, 2000 Scout Report for Business and Economics.
online services are established with the assistance of local governmentonline services and basic comput- erization of processes within the government.online trans- actions. The Friends study indicated that single- counter e-government
This worksheet, created by Beth Chance and Allan Rossman, provides students with four exercises in designing a casestudy. Each exercise presents a difference scenario and asks a series of questions about study design. This is a great introduction to applied statistics for any mathematics classroom.
LYONS D. (1995) Agglomeration economies among high technology firms in advanced production areas: the case of Denver\\/Boulder, Reg. Studies29, 265–278. Research on the agglomeration economies generated by high technology industry has tended to focus on either core high technology areas or fabrication clusters. This paper directs attention to intermediate or advanced production areas through an investigation of the agglomeration advantages
This cytogenetics casestudy, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 21-year-old male presented with a mass in his right thigh. Prior to this, the patient was healthy and had no major health concerns. The tumor was removed and the attending doctor ordered a cytogenetic analysis of the specimen. The results from that analysis along with microscopic images and electron photomicrographs of the tumor are included in the casestudy to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
This gynecologic pathology casestudy, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientÃ¢ÂÂs history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the casestudy to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to identify different important factors (i.e. key
Gregor Cerinsek; Tina Hribar; Natasa Glodez; Slavko Dolinsek
Managing R&D and the innovation process is closely linked with technology transfer and the commercialization of research results. This is especially so in the context of publicly-funded R&D laboratory systems in developing countries, such as India's Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Inefficiencies in the transfer process and a…
The Instructional Systems Technology Distance Master of Science program is one of the first degrees of its kind to be offered at Indiana University. Other than an initial on-campus orientation, it can be completed entirely via the Internet. The first course for this program was offered Fall of 2000 with 18 students enrolled. This same semester, a…
This research explores the extent of service quality in Spanish university science and technology libraries, based on the expectations and perceptions of their users: faculty and researchers. Users' information behavior is analyzed with the specially designed BiQual tool, which reveals specific needs such as the greater importance of electronic…
Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Marcial, Viviana; Gomez-Camarero, Carmen
Although significant research has been completed that examines the effectiveness of process drama as a pedagogical approach for developing additional languages and further work has focused on the affordances of digital technologies within drama work, scant attention has been paid to the possibilities which a combination of these approaches might…
This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to…
Literature review shows minimum ability levels of Information Technology (IT) resources in use are currently essential to administrators and to professionals overall. As effective as Internet may be, new milestones for economic competition and company survival are being created. It is thus required that individual IT abilities are continuously reformulated to be adequately and creatively used, and new information sources
The paper describes the findings from a study of students’ use and experience of technologies. A series of in-depth casestudies were carried out across four subject disciplines, with data collected via survey, audio logs and interviews. The findings suggest that students are immersed in a rich, technology-enhanced learning environment and that they select and appropriate technologies to their own
Grainne Conole; Maarten De Laat; Teresa Dillon; Jonathan Darby
This collection of nine casestudies in applied mathematics was written primarily for the use of the instructor by a Conference sponsored by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). Each chapter contains exercises of varying degrees of difficulty and several include student projects. The materials were used on a trial…
Mathematical Association of America, Washington, DC.
A recognition and analysis of the complexity involved in trying to understand what creativity is and how the creative process works is the essence of this paper. I chose to record as a casestudy the creative process involved in developing a children’s book based upon the achievements and experiences of three Massachusetts women who participated in the All American
OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This casestudy set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below:
This collection of casestudies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…
This article presents a due process hearing casestudy of a mother who contended that his son, D.J., has been denied of a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) of his School District after being suspended from school. D.J., an elementary student, had been described as hyperactive, inattentive, defiant, and often volatile. He was identified…
With this Career and TechnologyStudies (CTS) curriculum guide, secondary students in Alberta can do the following; develop skills that can be applied in their daily lives; refine career-planning skills; develop technology-related skills in construction; enhance employability skills, especially in construction industries; and apply and reinforce…
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Curriculum Standards Branch.
This study investigated the potential of a professional development program centered on case development to help urban teachers: (a) integrate technology with content and pedagogy and (b) cultivate habits of reflection required to learn from practice. Qualitative analysis revealed that case development helped teachers develop an understanding of…
This neuropathology case, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, illustrates the process of diagnosing the cause of a patientÃ¢ÂÂs progressive weakening of the limbs. Microscopic images of a biopsy specimen are included in the casestudy along with a gross description and image of the specimen. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with the diagnostic process and techniques.
This report presents a conceptual Thermal Treatment Technologies Feasibility Study (FS) for the Savannah River Site (SRS) focusing exclusively on thermal treatment technologies for contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge remediation projects.
An engineer and a computer expert from Goddard Space Flight Center were assigned to provide technical assistance in the design and installation of a computer assisted system for dispatching and communicating with fire department personnel and equipment in Baltimore City. Primary contributions were in decision making and management processes. The project is analyzed from four perspectives: (1) fire service; (2) technology transfer; (3) public administration; and (5) innovation. The city benefitted substantially from the approach and competence of the NASA personnel. Given the proper conditions, there are distinct advantages in having a nearby Federal laboratory provide assistance to a city on a continuing basis, as is done in the Baltimore Applications Project.
Information Technology (IT) provides the infrastructure for communication and collaboration tools for virtual teams, but Henttonen and Blomqvist (2005) suggest that it is the relational com- munication and factors of trust, commitment and communication that attention. This casestudy presents a team building strategy for such interaction. Off-campus students in an undergraduate course apply technological design concepts for social mechanisms
This hematopathology casestudy, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 40-year-old woman presenting with a nodule in the skin on the left jaw line. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientÃ¢ÂÂs diagnosis. A description of these images, and the patientÃ¢ÂÂs immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
This is a neuropathology casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 49 year old woman has visual disturbances. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.
Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-; Horvath, Eva, Ph.D.; Kovacs, Kalman; Syro, Luis; Uribe, Humberto; Vidal, Sergio
This article describes how casestudies have been successfully implemented in an introductory biology course of 300+ students using available technologies ranging from WebCT, used to assign students to permanent small groups (as well as assign groups to regions of a larger lecture hall), to hand-held response systems (aka "clickers"), which students use to collaboratively solve cases during class.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man with a history of prostatic adenocarcinoma is presented with left flank pain. Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of a needle biopsy of the pancreas are provided in the Ã¢ÂÂPreoperative StudiesÃ¢ÂÂ section. A Ã¢ÂÂFinal DiagnosisÃ¢ÂÂ section is also found here, which includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
The objective of this study is to identify high payoff technologies for year 2000 small gas turbine engines, and to provide a technology plan to guide research and technology efforts toward revolutionizing the small gas turbine technology base. The goal is to define the required technology to provide a 30 percent reduction in mission fuel burned, to reduce direct operating costs by at least 10 percent, and to provide increased reliability and durability of the gas turbine propulsion system. The baseline established to evaluate the year 2000 technology base was an 8-passenger commercial tilt-rotor aircraft powered by a current technology gas turbine engine. Three basic engine cycles were studied: the simple cycle engine, a waste heat recovery cycle, and a wave rotor engine cycle. For the simple cycle engine, two general arrangements were considered: the traditional concentric spool arrangement and a nonconcentric spool arrangement. Both a regenerative and a recuperative cycle were studied for the waste heat recovery cycle.
This pediatric pathology casestudy, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. The learning objectives located at the top of the page are a great way for students to evaluate their learning progress. This case involves a 12-year-old girl presenting with recurrent lung nodules. Images from chest x-rays and a lung biopsy provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientÃ¢ÂÂs diagnosis. A description of these images is also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorÃ¢ÂÂs findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientÃ¢ÂÂs conditions.
Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and imaging is a non-destructive, non-contact, non-invasive technology emerging as a tool for the analysis of cultural heritage. THz Time Domain Spectroscopy (TDS) techniques have the ability to retrieve information from different layers within a stratified sample, that enable the identification of hidden sub-layers in the case of paints and mural paintings. In this paper, we present the THz TDS2 system developed in the European Commission's 7th Framework Program project CHARISMA [grant agreement no. 228330]. Bespoke single processing algorithms; including a deconvolution algorithm can be deployed to increase the resolution and the global performance of the system. The potential and impact of this work is demonstrated through two casestudies of mural paintings, where the capability to reveal the stratigraphy of the artworks is demonstrated.
Giovannacci, D.; Martos-Levif, D.; Walker, G. C.; Menu, M.; Detalle, V.
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The Ramsar site, Kolleru wetland ecosystem, in Andhra Pradesh, India, has been evaluated for its habitat using the geomatics technology. Wetlands are of considerable economic importance in view of the biotic diversity and in to the preferred habitat for a variety of resident and migratory birds. The boundary of the lake is derived from the topomaps of 1:25K and the Joint survey records of Forest and Revenue Departments. There location of the boundary is not possible due to conventional techniques, because of the inaccessibility of the areas. The extent of ponds to be demolished is ascertained and the boundary is relocated within permissible limits. The habitat conditions prior to demolition (Feb'2006) and post demolition of fishponds is evaluated using IRS LISS II 1988,LISS III + PAN 1996, IRS LISS III + PAN 2002, IRS LISS IV 2004, IRS LISS III +PAN 2006, Cartosat 2006 data. The Image restoration for all data is done using various Image Processing Techniques. Expert classifiers, NDWI, PCA, and filtering Techniques are used to delineate the Land use / Land cover Classes and the boundaries of fish ponds. The periodic data revealed a highly degraded state of the Kolleru Lake clearly indicating that about 54
A number of implied technologies for a deep probe mission was examined; i.e., one that would provide the capability to scientifically examine planetary atmospheres at the 1000 bar level. Conditions imposed by current Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus atmospheric models were considered. The major thrust of the measurements was to determine lower atmosphere composition, even to trace constituents of one part per billion. Two types of instruments having the necessary accuracy to meet the science objectives were considered and integrated into a deep probe configuration. One deep probe option that resulted was identified as a Minimum Technology Development approach. The significant feature of this option is that only three technology developments are required to enable the mission, i.e., (1) science instrument development, (2) advanced data processing, and (3) external high pressure/thermal insulation. It is concluded that a probe designed for a Jupiter mission could, with minor changes, be used for a Saturn or Uranus mission.
The adoption and impact of curriculum innovation are most commonly researched in terms of roles that teachers and school administrators are expected to play. A study in New Zealand focused on the responses of students. This integrated studies project developed alternative approaches to the traditional junior secondary school curriculum. It…
Design-based research is a burgeoning research paradigm holding the promise of introducing more socially responsible studies to transform education. However, there is a lack of methodological standards and established research processes to inform this type of study. Although there are general principles and procedures on design-based research,…
Providing a complete portal to the world of casestudy research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text CaseStudy Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the casestudy method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 casestudies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative
This is a casestudy for undergraduate and graduate students in biology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy and physiology associated with reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Joann B Powell (Clark Atlanta University Biological Sciences)
This is a casestudy for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular, neural, muscular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy and physiology associated with spinal cord injury (plegia, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, dermatome, stretch reflex). Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This viewgraph presentation compares several Lunar Outpost (LO) life support technology combinations, evaluates the combinations for two clothing options, (i.e., Disposable clothing, and using Laundry to clean the soiled clothing) and evaluates the use of the Advanced Life Support Sizing and Analysis Tool (ALSSAT) to estimate Equivalent System Mass (ESM)
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman with a 20-year history of gait disorders and dizziness. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chronic renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has had two kidney transplants. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 65-year-old man is complaining of abdominal pain. Visitors are given the radiology, gross and microscopic descriptions, flow cytometry, and molecular diagnostics, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man has abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss but no significant past medical history. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 74-year-old man has been referred to the hospital for renal insufficiency complicating scleroderma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman with uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma with focal squamous differentiation arising in complex atypical hyperplasia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 34-year-old is experiencing complications following a liver transplant. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.
This is a clinical chemistry casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old female has longstanding hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Visitors are given catheterization procedure data and retroperitoneal ultrasound findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 20-year-old man has a history of pulmonary hypertension. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.
The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology casestudies to aid students and instructors in learning. A 59-year-old patient with a history of smoking was admitted for a biopsy of his recently transplanted liver. Laboratory results, X-ray images, microscopic descriptions and images are provided to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The doctor's official conclusions and references are included in the "Final Diagnosis" section. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman with a history of morbid obesity and gastric bypass surgery complains of fatigue, sore throat, and rash. Visitors are given the physical examination results and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older man suffering from chronic bronchitis and macrocytic anemia also developed persistent flu symptoms. Visitors view the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.
Bahler, David; Kulich, Scott; Shekhter-Levin, Sofia
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old male with Hepatitis C has had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman who presented with two months of back pain. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.
Fowler, Jason C.; Halpern, Melissa B.; Rao, Uma N.
This is a pediatric pathology casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.
Arsenic is a highly dangerous metal that has been linked to a number of adverse health effects in both adults and children, including birth defects. Yet few epidemiologic studies have examined the relationship between arsenic levels in the soil and the risk of birth defects. The purpose of the authors' study was to examine this association among people exposed to environmental pollution in a developed area of China. The authors used global positioning system to locate the coordinates of 80 villages in 40 towns for soil sampling. Soil samples were analyzed for arsenic content. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationship between exposure to arsenic and birth defects, controlling for potentially confounding factors. The authors found that exposure to arsenic in any amount increased the risk of birth defects. The positive association found between arsenic exposure and birth defects warrants further study, and future large-scale population-based studies are needed with an emphasis on individual-level exposure and confounding variables. PMID:22187854
Nowadays, some of the key aspects to consider during a manufacturing process are the ones related to its energy study. Choosing the most appropriate process allows to optimize not only technological and economic, but also it influence in sustainability and suitability of the process. In the current work a comparative technological-economic analysis between forming processes and machining processes is developed. We can find that drawing (forming process) has more advantages in most cases.
DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGYSTUDIES HPSC Module Catalogue 2014-15 Overview This catalogue describes HPSC modules offered by UCL Science and TechnologyStudies (STS) for the 2014-15 session. Detailed the latest edition of the module catalogue and the on-line timetable prior to formally registering on modules
GPU COMPUTING IN FINANCE: SOME CASESTUDIES Dept. of Quantitative Finance, Natl. Tsing'S AGENDA * CPU Computing v.s. GPU Computing * Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation * Case I: Joint Default Probability Estimation - importance sampling + GPU *Case II: Calibration to Implied
This is a casestudy for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy of the cardiovascular and muscular systems. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Michael Hudecki (University of Buffalo Biological Sciences)
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this casestudy explores female reproductive physiology. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this casestudy explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)
This is a casestudy for undergraduate and graduate students in anatomy. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy of the nervous system. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Patrick Field (Kean University Department of Biological Sciences)
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this casestudy explores the cardiovascular system . Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Lisa Marie Rubin (VA Western New York Health System Formulary Management)
This is a casestudy for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this casestudy explores brain anatomy and physiology, hemostasis and blood clotting. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
Much research has been conducted in the past decade and a half on the effectiveness of Laboratory for Innovative Technology and Engineering Education (LITEE) CaseStudies in engineering education. A casestudy, as defined in this study context, is an online, multimedia tool designed to bring real-world problems into the classroom. Much past and…
In this paper the focus is on the strategy formulation processes, specifically supportive methods and structures, which address various managerial issues concerning discontinuous technologies and radical innovation in the early phase of strategic decision-making. In three in-depth casestudies how companies proceeded with discontinuous technology and radical innovation ideas in strategy formulation was investigated ex-post. Based on literature and the
Gaston Trauffler; Cornelius Herstatt; Hugo Tschirky
A picture, they say, is worth a thousand words. If a mere picture is worth a thousand words, how much more are "moving pictures" or videos worth? The author poses this not merely as a rhetorical question, but because she wishes to make a case for using videos in the traditional casestudy method. She recommends four main approaches of…
This site contains two casestudies presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology: one in which a man was experiencing increased pain in his left flank over the course of three weeks, and the second one in which a women experiencing persistent right lower quadrant pain shows a retroperitoneal lesion on CT scan. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patients. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.
Dorvault, Christine; Fernandes, Shaila; Yousem, Sam
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.
Iscoll, Eileen; Lourduraj, Leena T.; Pasculle, A. W.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 54 year-old woman presented with a Ã¢ÂÂleft breast nodule.Ã¢ÂÂ Visitors are given the patientÃ¢ÂÂs history, mammogram image, and the results from a fine needle aspiration (including images), and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Students can check their conclusions by clicking on the Ã¢ÂÂFinal DiagnosisÃ¢ÂÂ section, which provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease.
The Shuttle CaseStudy Collection (SCSC) has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. The SCSC provides educators with a new tool to teach real-world engineering processes with the goal of providing unique educational materials that enhance critical thinking, decision-making and problem-solving skills. During this third phase of the project, responsibilities included: the revision of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) source code to ensure all pages follow World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards, and the addition and edition of website content, including text, documents, and images. Basic HTML knowledge was required, as was basic knowledge of photo editing software, and training to learn how to use NASA's Content Management System for website design. The outcome of this project was its release to the public.
Started in 2005, the peer-reviewed, open-access journal Pragmatic CaseStudies in Psychotherapy (PCSP) provides "innovative, quantitative and qualitative knowledge about psychotherapy process and outcome, for both researchers and practitioners." The publication is sponsored by the Rutgers University Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, and first-time visitors can get a feel for their work by looking over the table of contents of the current issue on the right-hand side of their homepage. Visitors should also feel free to browse through the archives, register to receive the latest edition of PCSP via email, and also learn about their submission policies. Additionally, visitors can also sign up for their RSS feed and create their own collection of PCSP articles.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 46-year-old gentleman with a persistent right lower lobe pulmonary mass after a successfully treated cavitary pneumonia 5 months ago." Visitors are given patient history along with radiology findings and images. They are also given gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.
Gregorio, Remigio; Johnson, Douglas R.; Nodit, Laurentia; Yousem, Sam
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.
This is a casestudy presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.
We present two controlled experiments conducted with master students and practitioners and a casestudy conducted with practitioners to evaluate the use of MELIS (Migration Environment for Legacy Information Systems) for the migration of legacy COBOL programs to the web. MELIS has been developed as an Eclipse plug-in within a technology transfer project conducted with a small software company .
Massimo Colosimo; Andrea De Lucia; Giuseppe Scanniello; Genoveffa Tortora
This study examines how a case-based learning approach was used and facilitated in online business education. Perceptions of students and instructors regarding the practices of case-based learning in online environments are explored in terms of instructional design, facilitation, and technology support. This study finds case-based learning to be a…
Lee, Seung-hee; Lee, Jieun; Liu, Xiaojing; Bonk, Curt J.; Magjuka, Richard J.
The paper describes the findings from a study of students' use and experience of technologies. A series of in-depth casestudies were carried out across four subject disciplines, with data collected via survey, audio logs and interviews. The findings suggest that students are immersed in a rich, technology-enhanced learning environment and that…
Conole, Grainne; de Laat, Maarten; Dillon, Teresa; Darby, Jonathan
Although casestudy methods remain a controversial approach to data collection, they are widely recognised in many social science studies especially when in-depth explanations of a social behaviour are sought after. This article, therefore, discusses several aspects of casestudies as a research method. These include the design and categories of casestudies and how their robustness can be achieved.
A study to assess the technological response of chlorine\\/caustic soda manufacturers to environment regulations and energy constraints is summarized. In order to pinpoint specific technological innovations in chlorine manufacturing resulting from energy and environmental issues, all aspects of the manufacturing process were investigated. In addition, information was compiled on production rates, energy sources, electricity price and consumption patterns, and other
's Garden City Central Office With more than 67 million customers nationwide, Verizon Communications is one operations and could result in losses in excess of $1 million/minute.1 In 2005, Verizon Communications-1-1 emergency call services. The Central Office also houses a critical network-monitoring center servicing
OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This casestudy set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.
What is the relation between the process of adopting new technologies, and its impact on business value, in situations of high internal and external uncertainty? Whereas technology adoption is generally fairly well understood, the models do not seem to hold in situations of high uncertainty. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of this uncertainty, using a casestudy on the introduction of a new technology in a large Egyptian public bank. After exploring the most relevant uncertainty factors and their impact on the adoption process, the paper ends with a general discussion and conclusion.
This article is based on a casestudy that follows the trajectory of a technological device aimed at environmental education from the engineering laboratory in which it was designed into the contexts in which it is used. "Greendrive" is a driving simulator that accurately reproduces the performance of a vehicle in terms of fuel consumption and…
This casestudy investigated the impact of selected types of adaptive and assistive technology (AT) on the learning gains and academic achievement levels of a female student with mild disabilities in her sixth and seventh grades in a Catholic school board in northeastern Ontario. Interviews were conducted with the parent, student, and pre-service…
This column provides original articles on innovations in casestudy teaching, assessment of the method, as well as casestudies with teaching notes. This month's casestudy focuses on the chemistry of cocaine to teach a number of core concepts in organic chemistry. It also requires that students read and analyze an original research paper on…
Casestudies described in this book reflect conditions present in today's public schools. Situations described in these casestudies are intended to introduce education students to the variety of problems existing in today's schools. The 38 casestudies highlight: student cheating; teacher's observation by administrator; inclusion; contract…
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Graduate Studies Office Detached Duty Petition UID: Last also refer to the Graduate Student CheckOut Procedures. Effective dates. ________________ _______________________________ Date Student Signature Recommended Not Recommended
CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Graduate Studies Office NonMedical Sabbatical Petition UID should also refer to the Graduate Student CheckOut Procedures. Effective dates of leave. ________________ _______________________________ Date Student Signature Recommended Not Recommended
the technology with the inventor(s)/author(s) according to its regulations. Inventor's/Author's Signature Date _________________ Technology disclosed to and understood by: ___________________________________________________________ DateUNIVERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS TECHNOLOGY DISCLOSURE Case No. (for office use only) Submit
This paper is a collection of research reports of 1993 regarding very high temperature technology published by Japan Science and Technology Agency. High-frequency thermal plasmas (RF plasma), under the very high temperature generation method in the very high temperature (4000-10000 C) processing technology that has recently been attracting attention of the industry, have various features. The highly-reactive chemical species in plasma have the same important reaction as found in diamond thin film synthesis. As an application technology, the torch is essential for generating plasma for a long time. The torch for creating the characteristic chemical species should be developed as an important factor. The measurement technologies were developed involving these generation technologies. The main study of the very high temperature station is the development of the very high temperature generation mechanism and the application technologies. The study overview presents the development of generation system, plasma stability, measurement control, application technologies, simultaneous emission of RF plasma and UV laser, phase transfer of alpha-alumina in plasma, and more. Related research is separately collected and attached to the paper as the supplement. As a result of this research, 43 reports were presented and 4 patents were applied for in Japan.
The teaching of biomaterials as casestudy by on-line platform , susceptible to develop both individually and in groups, got different objectives proposed by the European Higher Education System, among which include: participate actively in the teaching-learning process by students, interpreting situations, adapt processes and solutions. It also improves oral and written communication, analytical skills and synthesis and also the ability to think critically. Biomaterials have their origin in biominerals. These are solid inorganic compounds of defined structure, consisting of molecular control mechanisms that operate in biological systems. Its main functions are: structural support, a reservoir of essential elements, sensors, mechanical protection and storage of toxic elements. Following the demand of materials compatible with certain functional systems of our body, developed biomaterials. Always meet the condition of biocompatibility. Should be tolerated by the body and do not provoke rejection. This involves a comprehensive study of physiological conditions and the anatomy of the body where a biomaterial has to be implemented. The possibility of generating new materials from biominerals has a major impact in medicine and other fields could reach as geology, construction, crystallography, etc. While the study of these issues is in its infancy today, can be viewed as an impact on the art and future technology. Planning casestudy that students would prepare its report for discussion in subgroups. Occurs then the pooling of individual analysis, joint case discussion and adoption by the subgroup of a consensual solution to the problem. The teacher as facilitator and coordinator of the final case analysis, sharing leads to group-wide class and said the unanimous decision reached by the students and gives his opinion on the resolution of the case. REFERENCES D.P. Ausubel. Psicología Educativa. Un punto de vista cognoscitivo. Trillas. Ed. 1983. E.W. Eisner. Procesos cognitivos y currículum. Una base para decidir lo que hay que enseñar. Martínez Roca Ed. 1987. C.O. Oriakhi. Polymer Nanocomposition Approach to Advanced Materials, Journal of Chemical Education. Vol. 77. 2000. 9-16. G. Lagaly & T. J. Pinnavaia.Clay Mineral-Polymer Nanocomposites, Applied Clay Science. Vol. 5. 1999. G. Gibbs. Changing lecturer's conceptions of teaching and learning through action research,. SRHE Press, 1995.
Small advanced (450 to 850 pounds thrust, 2002 to 3781 N) gas turbine engines were studied for a subsonic strategic cruise missile application, using projected year 2000 technology. An aircraft, mission characteristics, and baseline (state-of-the-art) engine were defined to evaluate technology benefits. Engine performance and configuration analyses were performed for two and three spool turbofan and propfan engine concepts. Mission and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analyses were performed in which the candidate engines were compared to the baseline engines over a prescribed mission. The advanced technology engines reduced system LCC up to 41 percent relative to the baseline engine. Critical aerodynamic, materials, and mechanical systems turbine engine technologies were identified and program plans were defined for each identified critical technology.
The enrollment and assessment of performance of National diploma students in Science Laboratory Technology Programme in Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria were studied. The study covered ten academic sessions: 1995-2005. Sample means, percentage and students T-test were employed to analyze the data obtained for the study. The enrollment of male and…
Issues emerging from instructional innovation are inevitable, yet basing any curriculum shift on a theoretical framework is paramount. This paper grounds the case-based pedagogy in three learning theories: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The three theories are described and situated in relation to the casestudy method. An…
This book is designed as a resource for educators who teach business content in a variety of instructional settings. It contains casestudies representing all functional areas of business, including corporate training, for grades 7 through graduate education. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the casestudy method. The history of the case method,…
This is a casestudy for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and anatomy and physiology. In particular this casestudy explores anatomy and physiology associated with thermoregulation, inflammation and structures of the knee. Users of the National Center for CaseStudy Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, casestudy, teaching notes and answer key.
This article describes how casestudies have been successfully implemented in an introductory biology course of 300+ students using available technologies ranging from WebCT, used to assign students to permanent small groups (as well as assign groups to regions of a large lecture hall), to hand-held response systems (aka "clickers"), which…
Measured energy performance data are essential to national efforts to improve building efficiency, as evidenced in recent benchmarking mandates, and in a growing body of work that indicates the value of permanent monitoring and energy information feedback. This paper presents casestudies of energy information systems (EIS) at four enterprises and university campuses, focusing on the attained energy savings, and successes and challenges in technology use and integration. EIS are broadly defined as performance monitoring software, data acquisition hardware, and communication systems to store, analyze and display building energy information. Case investigations showed that the most common energy savings and instances of waste concerned scheduling errors, measurement and verification, and inefficient operations. Data quality is critical to effective EIS use, and is most challenging at the subsystem or component level, and with non-electric energy sources. Sophisticated prediction algorithms may not be well understood but can be applied quite effectively, and sites with custom benchmark models or metrics are more likely to perform analyses external to the EIS. Finally, resources and staffing were identified as a universal challenge, indicating a need to identify additional models of EIS use that extend beyond exclusive in-house use, to analysis services.
Granderson, Jessica; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish
Although interactive technology is presumed to increase student understanding in large classes, no previous research studies\\u000a have empirically explored the effects of Clicker Cases on students’ performance. A Clicker Case is a story (e.g., a problem\\u000a someone is facing) that uses clickers (student response systems) to engage students in understanding the meaning of the science\\u000a contained within the story. Using
Mary A. LundebergHosun; Hosun Kang; Bjørn Wolter; Robert delMas; Norris Armstrong; Bruno Borsari; Nancy Boury; Peggy Brickman; Kristi Hannam; Cheryl Heinz; Thomas Horvath; Maureen Knabb; Terry Platt; Nancy Rice; Bill Rogers; Joan Sharp; Eric Ribbens; Kimberly S. Maier; Mike Deschryver; Rodney Hagley; Tamar Goulet; Clyde F. Herreid
This article inspires educators to understand how casestudy teaching has gained a strong foothold in science education. Advances in the field include variations on methodology, from whole class discussion to the jigsaw approach, an increase in educational resources on the topic, over a thousand studies that show improved learning when casestudies are used, and a survey that illustrates students enjoy and benefit from casestudies.
Clyde Freeman Herreid (University at Buffalo, State University of New York;)
The four 2004 Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) casestudies were developed by the Consortium for School Networking, thanks to a grant from the U.S. Department of Education and the cooperation of the casestudy school districts. These casestudies are presented in the same format as the 2003 studies, but also have a focus on additional technologies…
The teaching unit is designed to help senior high school and college students learn about national development in Brazil. In this casestudy, development is defined as advances in social well-being and economic growth. Brazil was chosen as an example of a developing nation which depends upon foreign markets, technology, and capital. The country…
Four casestudies of gifted education programs in England are described, including the development of a teacher handbook based on the principles behind accelerated learning, the identification of students with musical ability and the provision of musical instrument lessons, and the development of a portable information communication technology…
In early 2011, the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI) invited three universities--University of North Carolina, Charlotte; Purdue University; and Wayne State University--to participate in the third annual University Human Performance Technology (HPT) CaseStudy Competition. Each university put together a team of three or four…
Sustainable Design Engineering and Science: Selected Challenges and CaseStudies S.J. Skerlosa , W.R. Morrowa , and J. J. Michalekb a Environmental and Sustainable Technologies Laboratory (EAST) b Optimal. INTRODUCTION As an instrument of sustainable development, sustainable design intends to conceive of products
A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).
Presents a lesson for secondary students which teaches that the U.S. Constitution has changed in a variety of ways and that it has a direct effect upon the lives of citizens. Provides a worksheet and a lecture outline covering three methods of constitutional change and Supreme Court cases such as Dred Scott and Brown vs. Board of Education. (GEA)
Broadening Advanced Technological Education Connections (BATEC) is a regional partnership between business, industry, government and community that is a development system for information technology. This system is an attempt to attract a diverse workforce for the promotion of lifelong learning in this discipline. This specific resource explores "the implications of the shift in corporate valuation from physical to intellectual capital for technical workers, and provides detailed suggestions regarding the responses required for education at all levels that educates our technological workforce." The PDF is broken down into a research methodology, data presentation, findings/observations, regional employment outlook and conclusions/recommendations. This study is a thorough introduction into professional development in the field of information technology.
Created by James Filliben and Alan Heckert, this part of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Engineering Statistics handbook contains casestudies for the process improvement chapter, which deals with design of experiments. More specifically, these casestudies consist of: the Eddy current probe sensitivity study and Sonoluminescent light intensity study. Besides an introduction to experimental design, the author states a secondary goal of "giv[ing] the reader an opportunity to run the analyzes in real-time using the Dataplot software package." This is a great lesson for applying statistical theory to actual practice.
Chorioangioma (chorionic angioma) is the most common non-malignant placental tumor Taking into account its morphological structure, it can have significant influence on fetal condition and pregnancy depending on its size. In the presented case a substantial placental tumor was diagnosed and complications typical for chorioangioma, such as fetal hemodynamic disorders, polyhydramnios, gestational diabetes and premature labor were observed. The applied treatment led to normalization of the fetal and maternal condition and to prolongation of the pregnancy PMID:24783437
Educators should jettison organization-theory definitions of technology as "neutral." Technology helps steer institutions' organizational assumptions, and should be co-opted to educational ends. Outlining specific strategies, a casestudy suggests how a professional-development unit might provide leadership in a "knowledge organization" (a New…
With the emphasis on faculty experiences and efforts to enhance higher learning in less-developed regions, "Teaching with Educational Technology in the 21st Century: The Case of the Asia-Pacific Region" is a comprehensive study of teaching applications involving educational technology. The book encourages collaboration across geographical borders…
This handbook is designed to assist instructors in training human service workers who come into contact with older adults. The 250 casestudies are actual cases collected by research staff in the field. Suggestions are offered for a variety of methods the instructors may use in presenting the cases. Recommendations are made for forming working…
The public policy schools adopted the method of case teaching pioneered at the Harvard Business School. Public policy teaching cases serve two important pedagogical purposes for the feminist teacher. First, they offer real stories of the women's movement or gender issues in a women's studies field increasingly dominated by feminist theory. Second, cases examine policy issues from women's perspectives. Using