Sample records for technology case study

  1. Aerospace Mechanisms and Tribology Technology: Case Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miyoshi, Kazuhisa

    1999-01-01

    This chapter focuses attention on tribology technology practice related to vacuum tribology and space tribology. Two case studies describe aspects of real problems in sufficient detail for the engineer and the scientist to understand the tribological situations and the failures. The nature of the problems is analyzed and the range of potential solutions is evaluated. Courses of action are recommended.

  2. Technology development productivity : case studies in technology transition

    E-print Network

    Taplett, Amanda Kingston

    2007-01-01

    Development of new technology is critical to the growth and success of technology-driven companies. New technology is generated in a number of ways, one of the most important being the company's own internal research and ...

  3. Offshoring Technology Innovation: A Case Study of Rare-earth Technology

    E-print Network

    Veloso, Francisco

    Offshoring Technology Innovation: A Case Study of Rare-earth Technology BRIAN J. FIFAREK Carnegie Innovation: A Case Study of the Rare-earth Technology Forthcoming at Journal of Operations Management home base. The analysis uses patents in the rare earth element industry, a high tech area which

  4. Improving inventory accuracy using RFID technology: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Hellström; Mathias Wiberg

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to explore and describe the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on inventory accuracy within a production and assembly plant, and to propose a model for assessing the impact of the technology on inventory accuracy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical investigation, based on case study research, focuses on an RFID implementation at a supplier of

  5. A case study of technology transfer: Cardiology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schafer, G.

    1974-01-01

    Research advancements in cardiology instrumentation and techniques are summarized. Emphasis is placed upon the following techniques: (1) development of electrodes which show good skin compatibility and wearer comfort; (2) contourography - a real time display system for showing the results of EKGs; (3) detection of arteriosclerosis by digital computer processing of X-ray photos; (4) automated, noninvasive systems for blood pressure measurement; (5) ultrasonoscope - a noninvasive device for use in diagnosis of aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valve disease; and (6) rechargable cardiac pacemakers. The formation of a biomedical applications team which is an interdisciplinary team to bridge the gap between the developers and users of technology is described.

  6. You and Technology, A High School Case Study Text.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Damaskos, Nickander J., Ed.; Smyth, Michael P., Ed.

    This second draft of a manuscript for a high school engineering and technology course uses case studies as its format. The principles associated with various engineering problems are presented along with their effects on daily life. Topics include the computer, the automotive power system, satellite communications, the petroleum industry, water…

  7. Hurdling barriers through market uncertainty: Case studies ininnovative technology adoption

    SciTech Connect

    Payne, Christopher T.; Radspieler Jr., Anthony; Payne, Jack

    2002-08-18

    The crisis atmosphere surrounding electricity availability in California during the summer of 2001 produced two distinct phenomena in commercial energy consumption decision-making: desires to guarantee energy availability while blackouts were still widely anticipated, and desires to avoid or mitigate significant price increases when higher commercial electricity tariffs took effect. The climate of increased consideration of these factors seems to have led, in some cases, to greater willingness on the part of business decision-makers to consider highly innovative technologies. This paper examines three case studies of innovative technology adoption: retrofit of time-and-temperature signs on an office building; installation of fuel cells to supply power, heating, and cooling to the same building; and installation of a gas-fired heat pump at a microbrewery. We examine the decision process that led to adoption of these technologies. In each case, specific constraints had made more conventional energy-efficient technologies inapplicable. We examine how these barriers to technology adoption developed over time, how the California energy decision-making climate combined with the characteristics of these innovative technologies to overcome the barriers, and what the implications of hurdling these barriers are for future energy decisions within the firms.

  8. Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program Case Studies: Demonstrating Program Outcomes, Volume III

    EPA Science Inventory

    This booklet, ETV Program Case Studies: Demonstrating Program Outcomes, Volume III contains two case studies, addressing verified environmental technologies for decentalized wastewater treatment and converting animal waste to energy. Each case study contains a brief description ...

  9. Reporting intellectual capital flow in technology-based companies : Case studies of Canadian wireless technology companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Artie W. Ng

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The paper seeks to explore the development of an intellectual capital flow statement based on a framework that harnesses contemporary research on intellectual capital. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Case studies of wireless technology companies based in Canada are adopted to examine the interrelationship between intellectual capital components with a resource-based view as well as deficiencies in their current financial reporting

  10. Specificationbased Testing of Reactive Software: A Case Study in Technology Transfer

    E-print Network

    Porter, Adam

    Specification­based Testing of Reactive Software: A Case Study in Technology Transfer Lalita be effective in practice. The case study illustrates that technology transfer efforts can benefit from that limit formal methods technology transfer. We also found that there is often a tension between the scope

  11. Technology Integration in the Schools of Guyana: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacKinnon, Gregory; MacKinnon, Paula

    2010-01-01

    The following study examines the implementation of learning technologies in Guyana, South America. Specifically, the study addresses the impact of using interactive radio instruction for teaching mathematics and SuccessMaker software for enhancing literacy skills. The research results were based on surveys, interviews, classroom observations, and…

  12. INL - NNL an International Technology Collaboration Case Study - Advanced Fogging Technologies for Decommissioning - 13463

    SciTech Connect

    Banford, Anthony; Edwards, Jeremy [National Nuclear Laboratory, 5th Floor Chadwick House, Birchwood Park, Warrington WA3 6AE(United Kingdom)] [National Nuclear Laboratory, 5th Floor Chadwick House, Birchwood Park, Warrington WA3 6AE(United Kingdom); Demmer, Rick; Rankin, Richard [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83401(United States)] [Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID 83401(United States); Hastings, Jeremy [National Nuclear Laboratory, Central Laboratory Sellafield, Seascale, Cumbria CA20 1PG (United Kingdom)] [National Nuclear Laboratory, Central Laboratory Sellafield, Seascale, Cumbria CA20 1PG (United Kingdom)

    2013-07-01

    International collaboration and partnerships have become a reality as markets continue to globalize. This is the case in nuclear sector where over recent years partnerships commonly form to bid for capital projects internationally in the increasingly contractorized world and international consortia regularly bid and lead Management and Operations (M and O) / Parent Body Organization (PBO) site management contracts. International collaboration can also benefit research and technology development. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the UK National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) are internationally recognized organizations delivering leading science and technology development programmes both nationally and internationally. The Laboratories are actively collaborating in several areas with benefits to both the laboratories and their customers. Recent collaborations have focused on fuel cycle separations, systems engineering supporting waste management and decommissioning, the use of misting for decontamination and in-situ waste characterisation. This paper focuses on a case study illustrating how integration of two technologies developed on different sides of the Atlantic are being integrated through international collaboration to address real decommissioning challenges using fogging technology. (authors)

  13. Internal offsets and technological innovation: Six case studies, volume 9

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mogee, M. E.

    1982-04-01

    The experiences of six industrial firms with the new Federal policy of internal offsets are described. Offsets, regulatory reforms initiated by the Environmental Protection Agency and called by the generic title of emission trading, were introduced to allow continued economic growth in nonattainment areas and to stimulate innovation in pollution control and process technology by making it profitable for firms to create more reductions than the law now requires. The problems of defining and measuring innovation as well as presenting industrial firm perceptions of innovation associated with offset cases are discussed.

  14. Analysis of environmental factors affecting technology deployment: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. D. Meyers; E. H. Pechan

    1979-01-01

    A study was conducted for the Office of Resource Applications, US Department of Energy (DOE), to assess the potential market and possible market penetration of four electric baseload generating technologies employing coal combustion, in three selected geographic areas of the US, within the time frame between the present and the year 1998. The major focus was on quantification of environmental

  15. Studying Classroom Practice: Case Development for Professional Learning in Technology Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mouza, Chrystalla; Wong, Wilkey

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the efficacy of case development as an instrument for teacher learning in technology integration. In particular, the study investigated whether case development can help teachers (a) develop the ability to integrate technology with content and pedagogy, and (b) cultivate skills required to reflect on their own teaching with…

  16. D38.3.1 (Final) Case studies: technology enhanced public spaces for

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    D38.3.1 (Final) Case studies: technology enhanced public spaces for intergenerational learning Main;Summary This deliverable undertakes the analysis of four case studies in the three key dimensions of La learning 2 Contents 1. Introduction 3 2. Context of the study 3 2.1.Decisions for selecting the cases 3 2

  17. BICAPA case study of natural hazards that trigger technological disasters

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boca, Gabriela; Ozunu, Alexandru; Nicolae Vlad, Serban

    2010-05-01

    Industrial facilities are vulnerable to natural disasters. Natural disasters and technological accidents are not always singular or isolated events. The example in this paper show that they can occur in complex combinations and/or in rapid succession, known as NaTech disasters, thereby triggering multiple impacts. This analysis indicates that NaTech disasters have the potential to trigger hazmat releases and other types of technological accidents. Climate changes play an important role in prevalence and NATECH triggering mechanisms. Projections under the IPCC IS92 a scenario (similar to SRES A1B; IPCC, 1992) and two GCMs indicate that the risk of floods increases in central and eastern Europe. Increase in intense short-duration precipitation is likely to lead to increased risk of flash floods. (Lehner et al., 2006). It is emergent to develop tools for the assessment of risks due to NATECH events in the industrial processes, in a framework starting with the characterization of frequency and severity of natural disasters and continuing with complex analysis of industrial processes, to risk assessment and residual functionality analysis. The Ponds with dangerous technological residues are the most vulnerable targets of natural hazards. Technological accidents such as those in Baia Mare, (from January to March 2000) had an important international echo. Extreme weather phenomena, like those in the winter of 2000 in Baia Mare, and other natural disasters such as floods or earthquakes, can cause a similar disaster at Târn?veni in Transylvania Depression. During 1972 - 1978 three decanting ponds were built on the Chemical Platform Târn?veni, now SC BICAPA SA, for disposal of the hazardous-wastes resulting from the manufacture of sodium dichromate, inorganic salts, sludge from waste water purification and filtration, wet gas production from carbide. The ponds are located on the right bank of the river Târnava at about 35-50m from the flooding defense dam. The total amount of toxic waste stored in the three ponds is about 2500 tons, equivalent at 128 tons expressed in hexavalent chromium. The ponds contour dikes are strongly damaged in many places, their safety is jeopardized by leakages, sliding slopes and ravens. The upstream dike has an increased failure risk. The upstream dike has an increased failure risk. In that section the coefficients of safety are under the allowable limit, both in static applications, and the earthquake. The risk of failure is very high also due to the dikes slopes. The risk becomes higher in case of heavy rainfall, floods or an earthquake.

  18. A case study of Tangible Flags: A collaborative technology to enhance field trips

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    A case study of Tangible Flags: A collaborative technology to enhance field trips Gene Chipman 1 environments. Figure 1 ­ The Tangible Flags technology in use. Our solution is the Tangible Flags technology. On a field trip, each child (or team) is given a set of Tangible Flags and a wireless tablet computer

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION (ETV) PROGRAM CASE STUDIES: DEMONSTRATING PROGRAM OUTCOMES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program evaluates the performance of innovative air, water, pollution prevention and monitoring technologies that have the potential to improve human health and the environment. This bookle...

  20. Environmental Technology Verification Program - ETV - Case Studies: Demonstrating Program Outcomes

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program evaluates the performance of innovative air, water, pollution prevention and monitoring technologies that have the potential to improve human health and the environment. This cd con...

  1. Science and Technology in School Curricula. Case Study 4: India.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Science, Technical and Environmental Education.

    A global survey was conducted by Unesco in 1986 on the place occupied by the teaching of science, mathematics, and technology, with the data indicating that mathematics and science are firmly entrenched in school curricula worldwide, but the place of technology is much more tentative. It was decided to probe more deeply into the adequacy of these…

  2. Case Studying Technology Transfer in an Objective 1 Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavery, N.; Stratford, G.

    2003-01-01

    Two major initiatives are in place in Wales that aim to create a strong and internationally competitive small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector. These are the Technology Exploitation Programme (TEP) and the Centres of Excellence for Technology and Industrial Collaboration (CETIC) programme. The Materials Centre of Excellence at the…

  3. Technology Utilisation in Elementary Schools in Turkey's Capital: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karaca, Feride; Can, Gulfidan; Yildirim, Soner

    2013-01-01

    A case study was conducted to explore teachers' current technology use in elementary schools in Ankara, the capital of Turkey. The data were collected through a survey, and participants included 1030 classroom teachers across eight districts. The present study results revealed that significant challenges remain with regard to technology use…

  4. Technology management: case study of an integrated health system.

    PubMed

    Dahl, D H; McFarlan, T K

    1994-12-01

    Technology management has assumed a role of vital importance in today's health care environment. Capital reserves and operating income have been stretched by pervasive and expensive technologies, while overall reimbursement has been reduced. It is imperative for hospitals to develop and consistently use technology management processes that begin prior to a technology's introduction in the hospital and continue throughout its life cycle. At Samaritan Health System (SHS), an integrated health care delivery system based in Phoenix, technology management provides tools to improve decision making and assist in the system's integration strategy as well as control expenses. SHS uses a systemwide technology-specific plan to guide acquisition and/or funding decisions. This plan describes how particular technologies can help achieve SHS' organizational goals such as promoting system integration and/or improving patient outcomes while providing good economic value. After technologies are targeted in this systemwide plan they are prioritized using a two-stage capital prioritization process. The first stage of the capital prioritization process considers the quantitative and qualitative factors critical for equitable capital distribution across the system. The second stage develops a sense of ownership among the parties that affect and are affected by the allocation at a facility level. This process promotes an efficient, effective, equitable, and defensible approach to resource allocation and technology decision making. Minimizing equipment maintenance expenditures is also an integral part of technology management at SHS. The keys to reducing maintenance expenditures are having a process in place that supports a routine fiscal evaluation of maintenance coverage options and ensuring that manufacturers are obligated to provide critical maintenance resources at the time of equipment purchase. Maintenance service options under consideration in this report include full-service contracts with the manufacturer, insurance coverage, time and materials, and independent service vendors/in-house support. Careful consideration of all the ramifications of each option is warranted because there are substantial cost differences among these methods. At SHS, technology management efforts resulted in equipment purchases and maintenance negotiations representing savings of more than $1.5 million in a single year. SHS undertakes an intensive review of purchases and maintenance expenditures, using the techniques described in this report, with the objective of reducing expenses by 10% per year. This report describes the technology management methods that SHS uses to achieve these results. PMID:10139509

  5. Healthcare Reform, Quality, and Technology: ADHD as a Case Study

    PubMed Central

    Epstein, Jeffery N.; Kelleher, Kelly

    2013-01-01

    The concepts of healthcare reform and population health are shifting the emphasis from traditional, volume-based care to a model in which value, or quality, predominates. High quality care will be increasingly rewarded, with financial consequences for poor performance. This shift will be accelerated by the use of healthcare technology, a rapidly growing industry with tools ranging from electronic health records to smart phones and web portals. In this article we highlight pertinent legislative reforms followed by a review of technologies that may play a role in the implementation of these reforms. Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is used as an example given the large number of proposed tools for this condition. While the evidence base is weak for some technologies, research regarding web portals is better developed and will be presented as an example of a technology that may allow practitioners and organizations to improve healthcare quality in several dimensions. PMID:23712720

  6. Teaching Science with Technology: Case Studies of Science Teachers' Development of Technology, Pedagogy, and Content Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guzey, S. Selcen; Roehrig, Gillian H.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the development of technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge (TPACK) in four in-service secondary science teachers as they participated in a professional development program focusing on technology integration into K-12 classrooms to support science as inquiry teaching. In the program, probeware, mind-mapping tools (CMaps),…

  7. Teaching Science with Technology: Case Studies of Science Teachers' Development of Technology, Pedagogy, and Content Knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Selcen Guzey; Gillian H. Roehrig

    This study examines the development of technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge (TPACK) in four in-service secondary science teachers as they participated in a professional development program focusing on technology integration into K-12 classrooms to support science as inquiry teaching. In the program, probeware, mind-mapping tools (CMaps), and Internet applications ? computer simulations, digital images, and movies — were introduced to

  8. Systemic Shifts in Instructional Technology: Findings of a Comparative Case Study of Two University Mathematics Departments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jarvis, Daniel H.; Lavicza, Zsolt; Buteau, Chantal

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the findings of an international case study in which researchers examined two mathematics departments (Canada/UK) in which the sustained use of technology was strategically established in a mathematics degree program. This case study forms part of a larger research initiative which involved an extensive literature review…

  9. A technology management perspective on collaborations in the Indian automobile industry: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zafar Husain; Sushil; R. D Pathak

    2002-01-01

    A study was conducted to analyze technology management practices of firms in the automobile industry in India. The case studies of three firms which collaborated in post Indian independence (i.e. after 1947) period and after the economic reforms began (i.e. after 1985) have been presented. The cases were prepared using interviewing and observation techniques. Profitability, liquidity, and turnover ratio analyses

  10. Focus on Games & Simulations: Trends+Technologies+Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Margery

    2010-01-01

    The youngest workforce generation seems to crave games and simulations, and even older workers are coming to enjoy them. But what do new trends in these areas mean for the company, the learners, and the organization's strategic goals? In this article, two experts in the field, Clarissa Graffeo and David Metcalf of the Mixed Emerging Technology

  11. Reorganization of Instructional Technology Services: A Syracuse University Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiedemann, David

    1998-01-01

    In 1994, Syracuse University merged its Audio Visual Support Service and Computer Service's Faculty Support Center to form Faculty Computing and Media Services (FCMS). The core mission was refocused on the support of classroom use of technology. Discusses the expansion of classroom services, Syracuse University improving quality (SUIQ), and…

  12. Diffusing New Technology Without Dissipating Rents: Some historical case studies of knowledge sharing

    E-print Network

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    with rivals, including in steam engines, iron and steel production and textile machinery. In case studies "extremely puzzling." Von Hippel (1987) finds sharing of knowledge among steel mini-mills "novel." Lerner technological improvements in key technologies such as textile machinery, steam engines, iron and steel

  13. Acquisition of technological capability in development: A quantitative case study of Pakistan's capital goods sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henny Romijn

    1997-01-01

    There is by now a substantial body of literature that points to the importance of technological capability acquisition for industrial development. This literature, however, is almost exclusively based on qualitative case studies. This paper addresses the lack of objective quantitative measurement and testing. Using data from a survey among capital goods manufacturers in Pakistan, it develops quantitative proxies for technological

  14. Supporting Classroom Discussion with Technology: A Case Study in Environmental Science

    E-print Network

    Anderson, Richard

    1 Supporting Classroom Discussion with Technology: A Case Study in Environmental Science Natalie technologically enhanced with a classroom interaction system developed in the Computer Science department participate in classroom discussions; in previous deployments it was used to support other pedagogical goals

  15. Multiculturalism in Technology-Based Education: Case Studies on ICT-Supported Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia-Penalvo, Francicso Jose

    2013-01-01

    Our differences in language, cultures, and history around the world play a vital role in the way we learn. As technology-based education continues to be used worldwide, there is an ever growing interest in how multiculturalism comes into effect. Multiculturalism in Technology-Based Education: Case Studies on ICT-Supported Approaches explores the…

  16. A Hands-on Approach to Teaching Civil Engineering Technology Design Courses: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maher M. Murad

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the pedagogical aspects of developing and teaching civil engineering technology design courses using a hands-on approach and the positive impact this has on student learning. The Highway Surveying and Design was selected as a case study. The elective course is offered at the senior level in the Civil Engineering Technology (CET) at the University of Pittsburgh at

  17. Green technology and eco-innovation : Seven case-studies from a Russian manufacturing context

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dean Bartlett; Anna Trifilova

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe seven case studies of university-industry cooperative partnerships at Nizhny Novgorod Architecture and Civil Engineering State University in Russia. It examines the relationship between green technology and innovation in order to explore how green technologies are developed into successful eco-innovations following the liberalisation policy which started in the 1990s in the

  18. Industrial deployment of multi-agent technologies: review and selected case studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michal Pechoucek; Vladimír Marík

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on industrial deployment of multi-agent systems and agent technology. It provides an overview of several application domains and an in-depth presenta- tion of four specific case studies. The presented applications and deployment domains have been analyzed. The analysis indicates that despite strong industrial involvement in this field, the full potential of the agent technology has not been

  19. Functional materials for sustainable energy technologies: four case studies.

    PubMed

    Kuznetsov, V L; Edwards, P P

    2010-01-01

    The critical topic of energy and the environment has rarely had such a high profile, nor have the associated materials challenges been more exciting. The subject of functional materials for sustainable energy technologies is demanding and recognized as a top priority in providing many of the key underpinning technological solutions for a sustainable energy future. Energy generation, consumption, storage, and supply security will continue to be major drivers for this subject. There exists, in particular, an urgent need for new functional materials for next-generation energy conversion and storage systems. Many limitations on the performances and costs of these systems are mainly due to the materials' intrinsic performance. We highlight four areas of activity where functional materials are already a significant element of world-wide research efforts. These four areas are transparent conducting oxides, solar energy materials for converting solar radiation into electricity and chemical fuels, materials for thermoelectric energy conversion, and hydrogen storage materials. We outline recent advances in the development of these classes of energy materials, major factors limiting their intrinsic functional performance, and potential ways to overcome these limitations. PMID:19943280

  20. An Evaluative Case Study on Professional Competency of Preservice Information Technology Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabakci Yurdakul, Isil

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate preservice Information Technology (IT) teachers' professional competency in the teaching process. The study was designed on the basis of evaluative case study. The participants of the study consisted of seven preservice IT teachers attending the department of Computer Education and Instructional…

  1. Interactions of Science and Technology in the Innovative Process: Some Case Studies. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH. Columbus Labs.

    This is the final report of the latest effort in a series sponsored by the National Science Foundation on the innovation process. It adds to the store of retrospective case studies by documenting historically the significant events in several technological innovations of high social impact. These cases, drawn together by the Battelle Columbus…

  2. The Student Impact Study of the Alliance+ Project: Three Case Studies in K-12 Technology Integration

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Yepes-Baraya, Mario

    This report presents a general framework for the evaluation of an in-service internet education program for K-12 teachers. Based on the literature of effective integration of technology in the classroom and formative evaluation studies conducted over the past four years, the framework identifies specific criteria for the effective integration of unique and compelling applications of the internet in the classroom. The criteria encompass six distinct categories that define the teaching and learning environment: (1) clearly defined learning objectives; (2) alignment of those objectives with national curriculum standards, state curriculum standards, or both; (3) inquiry-based learning tasks that rely on both group and individual work; (4) appropriate student use of diverse technology tools and resources; (5) appropriate use of assessment to guide and measure student learning; and (6) students? sharing of results with an audience beyond the classroom as a means to connect classroom learning with the local community and larger communities of learners. Three case studies from the Alliance+ project are presented to illustrate an application of the framework. The study should be of interest to policymakers and all those working on diverse approaches to school reform, including student-centered learning, inquiry-based learning, project-based learning, and the effective integration of technology in the classroom. Target Audience: High School Faculty/Administrators, 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

  3. Commercial feasibility of embryo transfer technology: a case study.

    PubMed

    Martin, D L; Knutson, R D; Blake, R W; Tomaszewski, M A

    1987-10-01

    The owner of a 500-cow Holstein herd requested economic assessment of his embryo transfer program. Actual net economic benefit was determined from marginal cost and present value of lifetime milk predicted from first lactations of 24 cows produced by embryo transfer compared with those of their 51 contemporaries sired by artificial insemination. Actual average pregnancy rate was 60% by embryo transfer or AI. An average of 5.5 transferable embryos was obtained per collection, which produced 1.37 cows in first lactation. Additional milk from embryo transfer cows was from more intensive selection of sires. Additional milk from the donor cows did not differ from zero. Actual marginal cost of a replacement by embryo transfer was +215, but it would have been +200 with same +25/unit semen price as contemporaries. If donors had been from the elite 5% for transmitting ability in milk, present value of gain in milk (5% real interest rate) ignoring additional feed costs would have been less than the cost of embryo transfer. For management and costs similar to this case, embryo transfer is not economically justified for producers earning income primarily from the sale of milk. PMID:3680740

  4. A Case Study of a National University Research Project and Its Technological Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ziegel, Melina

    2012-01-01

    This case study examined the implementation of a major research endeavor in an institution of higher education, Trinity College, Dublin, in Ireland, with particular focus on the change process during the initiation of the project and the subsequent needs assessment and implementation of technological solutions. This study identified the stages,…

  5. TECHNOLOGY REPORT Case Studies of Ends-Out Gene Targeting in Drosophila

    E-print Network

    Quake, Stephen R.

    TECHNOLOGY REPORT Case Studies of Ends-Out Gene Targeting in Drosophila Haiyang Chen,1 Zhiguo Ma,1 com- plete targeting vector for use in a mass crossing ends- out gene targeting study. Importantly June 2008; Revised 13 October 2008; Accepted 11 December 2008 Summary: Ends-in and ends-out gene

  6. Secondary injury potential of assistive technologies used by farmers with disabilities: findings from case studies.

    PubMed

    Mathew, Samuel N; Field, William E; French, Brian F

    2011-01-01

    In order to complete essential tasks, farmers with disabilities often make and use assistive technology (AT), which itself may cause further injuries known as secondary injuries. A set of 19 case studies was used to investigate the potential for injury on home-fabricated assistive technologies (ATs) used by farmers with disabilities. The case studies consisted of close-ended and open-ended interviews that were designed to help understand the farmers' perception of potential for injuries and safety measures implemented or not implemented. The qualitative study used grounded theory principles and the collected data were analyzed to arrive at a list of features on ATs that have substantial potential to cause injury to the user. Based on the case study results, AT user characteristics and environmental factors were also considered as factors that contribute to potential injuries. Findings were used to develop an instrument for use by rehabilitation professionals to evaluate ATs for potential injury causing hazards. PMID:21728872

  7. Small-scale energy-technology projects in the Pacific Territories: a case-study review

    SciTech Connect

    Case, C.W. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA); Actouka, M.K.

    1981-09-01

    During 1978, 1979, and 1980, 28 small-scale energy projects were funded in the Pacific Territories. The projects attempt to be appropriate for developing Pacific island communities by using local labor and materials, using renewable resources, incorporating simple technologies, and being culturally sensitive. Most of the projects are completed now and are at the technology transfer stage. During the last three years the projects were monitored. Five case studies have been prepared which illustrate elements and define features which contribute or hinder technology transfer. Case studies include a typhoon-proof greenhouse on Guam, wood stoves and small solar devices on Yap, various devices built at a youth educational facility on Ponape, an unusual solar hot water system on Majuro, and a solar fish drying facility on an outer Truk island. Conclusions from these studies are extrapolated to all 28 projects.

  8. Evidence, appropriateness, and technology assessment in cardiology: a case study of computed tomography.

    PubMed

    Redberg, Rita F

    2007-01-01

    As the volume, complexity, and cost of new medical technology increase, the need for evaluating benefits and risks becomes increasingly important. Once the formal requirements for Food and Drug Administration approval and insurance coverage are met, however, few systematic criteria are applied to ensure patient benefit. A more systematic policy approach regarding new technologies is needed, with input from balanced groups reviewing evidence of clinical outcomes data to determine patient benefit. This paper examines cardiac computed tomography angiography as a case study; it proposes procedures designed to ensure that the benefits of new technologies justify their costs. PMID:17211017

  9. Technology Integration in a One-to-One Laptop Initiative: A Multiple Case Study Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Marsha B.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this multiple case study analysis was to examine teachers' experiences and perceptions in order to understand what actions and interactions supported or inhibited technology integration during a one-to-one laptop initiative. This research sought to gain teachers' perspectives on the challenges and successes they faced as classroom…

  10. Case Study: Employee Use of Information and Communication Technologies in a Healthcare Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aponte, Jorge I.

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative case study explored the employee use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in a southern Puerto Rico healthcare organization. Thirty-two employees of a southern Puerto Rico healthcare organization provided their perspectives regarding their use of ICT in the workplace. The findings distinguished how employees use ICT…

  11. Implementing Web 2.0 Technologies in Higher Education: A Collective Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Sue; Bishop, Andrea; Dalgarno, Barney; Waycott, Jenny; Kennedy, Gregor

    2012-01-01

    Web 2.0 technologies are becoming more popular in the everyday lives of students. As a result, teachers and designers have begun to explore their use in formal education. This paper presents evaluation findings from a collective case study of six Web 2.0 implementations in Australian higher education. The research was undertaken as part of a…

  12. Digital Storytelling in Writing: A Case Study of Student Teacher Attitudes toward Teaching with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bumgarner, Barri L.

    2012-01-01

    This case study investigated how preservice teachers taught digital storytelling to students who often possessed more technology skills than the teachers. During the spring semester of 2011, two secondary-level language arts teaching interns and their cooperating teachers taught a digital storytelling project. The participants and their students…

  13. Involving family members in the implementation and evaluation of technologies for dementia: a dyad case study.

    PubMed

    Lazar, Amanda; Demiris, George; Thompson, Hilaire J

    2015-04-01

    An increasing number of individuals worldwide are affected by dementia and it is important to examine nonpharmacological care approaches. A dyadic case study of a 6-month evaluation of a technology designed to engage individuals with dementia in activities in a memory care unit is presented. Findings show one caretaker of an individual with dementia (i.e., her mother) used the computer in a manner consistent with her usual style of interaction and supportive care; she continued to maintain awareness of her mother's activity preferences and cultivated her mother's quality of life by using the provided technology. These findings demonstrate a use for technology to support activities of older adults with dementia while engaging family and provide future directions for technology design and research in this population. PMID:25800405

  14. A Case Study of Pre-service Teachers Learning to Teach with Technology during Internship

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Nolan; David Friesen; Vi Maeers; Alec Couros

    The iTeacherEd project is a three-year action research process in a Faculty of Education at a Canadian University. The overall goal of the project is to develop a model for the integration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) into the teacher education curriculum. As part of the iTeacherEd project, a case study was designed to understand the development of pre-service

  15. Upgrading Technology Towards the Status of a High School Matriculation Subject: A Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kolberg, Eli

    Technological education in high schools is undergoing reform in relation to its status, goals and teaching/learning strategies. This trend is an important part of the worldwide general reform process aiming to make school education more meaningful, intellectual and creative. Real world problems, interdisciplinary approaches, project oriented learning, team cooperation and authentic assessment have become the highlights of recent curriculum innovations. Curriculum design in technology, to a greater extent than in many other disciplines, calls for a variety of social, economic, historic-cultural and psychological considerations in addition to pedagogical factors (Waks, 1995). Diverse situations in different countries have led to the development of various models of technology education. A comparative study of approaches to teaching technology in England, France and the United States (Gradwell, 1996) indicates that differences originate in the history of the nations. Lewis (1996) compared technology education systems in the U. S. and U. K. and pointed out that there is great value in discussion and comparison of the different educational approaches among nations. He called for a cross-national comparison of case studies of specific technology programs that can aid in constructing a grammar for communicating about the subject across cultures.

  16. Space Technology: A study of the significance of recognition for innovators of spinoff technologies. A case study on the impact of the space technology hall of fame award

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    This report represents the preliminary effort in studying the significance of recognition for innovators of spinoff technologies. The purpose of this initial year's effort in this area was to gather preliminary data and define the direction for the remainder of the research. This report focuses on the most recent recipients of the Hall of Fame Award, the developers of liquid-cooled garments. Liquid-cooled garments technology and its spinoffs were used as a case study to define and explore the factors involved in technology transfer and to consider the possible incentives in developing commercial applications including the Hall of Fame Award. Through interviews, views of award recipients were obtained on factors encouraging spinoffs as well as impediments to spinoffs. The researchers observed complex inter-relationships among the significant entities (government, individuals, large and small business), the importance of people, the importance of resource availability, and the significance of intrinsic motivation; drew preliminary conclusions pertaining to the direct and indirect influence of recognition like the Hall of Fame Award; and planned the direction for next year's follow-on research.

  17. Building a Technology Inclusive Agency: A Case Study of Technology Use by Women in Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, James H., II.

    2009-01-01

    The development of low cost and practical information and communication technologies (ICT) has led to increased pressure on social workers and other human service providers to insure their clients are not digitally disenfranchised. In fact, the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) and Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Standards for…

  18. Case study: simulation of the call center environment for comparing competing call routing technologies for business case ROI projection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine Miller; V. Bapat

    1999-01-01

    The paper describes how simulation was used for business case benefits and return on investment (ROI) projection for the procurement and rollout of a new call routing technology to 25 call centers. With investment costs of about 17 million dollars and annual operating costs of about 8 million for the new technology, we needed to determine if the technology would

  19. Integration of environmental simulation models with satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems technologies: case studies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Steyaert, Louis T.; Loveland, Thomas R.; Brown, Jesslyn F.; Reed, Bradley C.

    1993-01-01

    Environmental modelers are testing and evaluating a prototype land cover characteristics database for the conterminous United States developed by the EROS Data Center of the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Nebraska Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. This database was developed from multi temporal, 1-kilometer advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data for 1990 and various ancillary data sets such as elevation, ecological regions, and selected climatic normals. Several case studies using this database were analyzed to illustrate the integration of satellite remote sensing and geographic information systems technologies with land-atmosphere interactions models at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. The case studies are representative of contemporary environmental simulation modeling at local to regional levels in global change research, land and water resource management, and environmental simulation modeling at local to regional levels in global change research, land and water resource management and environmental risk assessment. The case studies feature land surface parameterizations for atmospheric mesoscale and global climate models; biogenic-hydrocarbons emissions models; distributed parameter watershed and other hydrological models; and various ecological models such as ecosystem, dynamics, biogeochemical cycles, ecotone variability, and equilibrium vegetation models. The case studies demonstrate the important of multi temporal AVHRR data to develop to develop and maintain a flexible, near-realtime land cover characteristics database. Moreover, such a flexible database is needed to derive various vegetation classification schemes, to aggregate data for nested models, to develop remote sensing algorithms, and to provide data on dynamic landscape characteristics. The case studies illustrate how such a database supports research on spatial heterogeneity, land use, sensitivity analysis, and scaling issues involving regional extrapolations and parameterizations of dynamic land processes within simulation models.

  20. Technology installation review. A case study on energy-efficient technologies

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    2001-12-31

    The purpose of this Technology Installation Review is to provide an overview of hybrid geothermal heat pump systems. It presents the results of recent research on these systems, looks at system types, energy savings, maintenance considerations, and measured technology performance from several examples. Using the ground as a thermal energy source and/or a heat sink for heat pumps has long been recognized to have a number of advantages over the similar use of ambient air. Ground temperatures at about 3-ft depth or lower are much less variable than ambient air temperatures. Further, soil or rock at these depths is usually warmer than ambient air during the coldest winter months and cooler than ambient air during the summer months. This fact leads directly to cooler condensation temperatures (during cooling operation) and warmer evaporating temperatures (during heating) for a heat pump with consequent improved energy efficiency. It also results in increased heating and cooling capacity at extreme temperatures, thereby reducing or eliminating the need for auxiliary heat.

  1. Describing an Environment for a Self-Sustaining Technology Transfer Service in a Small Research Budget University: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nieb, Sharon Lynn

    2014-01-01

    This single-site qualitative study sought to identify the characteristics that contribute to the self sustainability of technology transfer services at universities with small research budgets through a case study analysis of a small research budget university that has been operating a financially self-sustainable technology transfer service for…

  2. Training to use a commercial brain-computer interface as access technology: a case study.

    PubMed

    Taherian, Sarvnaz; Selitskiy, Dmitry; Pau, James; Davies, T Claire; Owens, R Glynn

    2014-10-01

    Abstract Purpose: This case study describes how an individual with spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy was trained over a period of four weeks to use a commercial electroencephalography (EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI). Method: The participant spent three sessions exploring the system, and seven sessions playing a game focused on EEG feedback training of left and right arm motor imagery and a customised, training game paradigm was employed. Results: The participant showed improvement in the production of two distinct EEG patterns. The participant's performance was influenced by motivation, fatigue and concentration. Six weeks post-training the participant could still control the BCI and used this to type a sentence using an augmentative and alternative communication application on a wirelessly linked device. Conclusions: The results from this case study highlight the importance of creating a dynamic, relevant and engaging training environment for BCIs. Implications for Rehabilitation Customising a training paradigm to suit the users' interests can influence adherence to assistive technology training. Mood, fatigue, physical illness and motivation influence the usability of a brain-computer interface. Commercial brain-computer interfaces, which require little set up time, may be used as access technology for individuals with severe disabilities. PMID:25270615

  3. Developing Critical Implementations of Technology-Rich Innovations: A Cross-Case Study of the Implementation of Quest Atlantis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Michael K.; Barab, Sasha A.; Tuzun, Hakan

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the tensions surrounding the implementation of a technology-rich educational innovation called Quest Atlantis (QA) in a local public elementary school. Three qualitative case studies of three classrooms implementing the innovation and a subsequent cross-case analysis were undertaken to illuminate: 1) the reasons why teachers…

  4. Use of information technology in facility management practices: a case study 

    E-print Network

    Dayal, Richa

    2001-01-01

    this study were as follows: Recognizing the optimum workflow automation, training of users and compatibility of a technology, refining work processes, upgrading the technology to suit the change in needs. Research into the impacts of human factors...

  5. The Contribution of Technology to the Implementation of Mathematics Education Reform: Case Studies of Grade 1-3 Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, John A.; Hogaboam-Gray, Anne; McDougall, Douglas; Bruce, Cathy

    2002-01-01

    This case study of three primary grade teachers investigated how access to computers and math teaching software influenced mathematics education reform. Discusses technology as a strategy for reducing barriers to implementation and reports results that showed technology's impact on helping teachers expand the scope of their programs and promoting…

  6. The Impact of New Work Technologies on Training. Five Case Studies in French Industry. Discussion Paper No. 81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Araujo e Oliveira, Joao Batista

    Case studies of five French firms illustrate the impact of new work technologies on training. Liquid Corporation has embarked on changes in production technology in response to market needs. Four aspects of the change process are as follows: creating the climate for change, selecting operators, defining new training requirements, and training for…

  7. The Effect of Internet Usage on Technology Comprehension of Physics Students: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guzel, Hatice

    2011-01-01

    Rapid technological enhancements and changes necessitate people who can understand the relation between science and technology and perceive as well as comment on technological enhancements. The aim of the present study was to determine physics students comprehension of the operation principles of wired telephone, mobile phone, and latest medical…

  8. Identification of Quality Characteristics for Technology Education Programs: A North Carolina Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Aaron C.; Wenig, Robert E.

    1999-01-01

    A Delphi panel of 19 technology teachers/administrators reached consensus on 25 quality indicators for technology education. Similarities with a Maryland study and with the Technology for All Americans project were found. Results may be used to establish program benchmarks. (SK)

  9. A Case Study of Institutional Reform Based on Innovation Diffusion Theory through Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szabo, Michael; Sobon, Sonia A.

    2003-01-01

    Explains the Training, Infrastructure and Empowerment System (TIES), a theory-based system of educational reform through instructional technology, and discusses results of a study at a Canadian university that investigated the vision for instructional technology, learning technologies and alternative delivery systems, and adoption of innovation.…

  10. SETDA Case Studies 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Educational Technology Directors Association, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) published a series of case studies from 28 states to showcase examples of how ARRA EETT ("American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Enhancing Education Through Technology") grant funds have impacted teaching and learning. SETDA collected data for the case studies through a variety…

  11. Verifying an interactive consistency circuit: A case study in the reuse of a verification technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bickford, Mark; Srivas, Mandayam

    1990-01-01

    The work done at ORA for NASA-LRC in the design and formal verification of a hardware implementation of a scheme for attaining interactive consistency (byzantine agreement) among four microprocessors is presented in view graph form. The microprocessors used in the design are an updated version of a formally verified 32-bit, instruction-pipelined, RISC processor, MiniCayuga. The 4-processor system, which is designed under the assumption that the clocks of all the processors are synchronized, provides software control over the interactive consistency operation. Interactive consistency computation is supported as an explicit instruction on each of the microprocessors. An identical user program executing on each of the processors decides when and on what data interactive consistency must be performed. This exercise also served as a case study to investigate the effectiveness of reusing the technology which was developed during the MiniCayuga effort for verifying synchronous hardware designs. MiniCayuga was verified using the verification system Clio which was also developed at ORA. To assist in reusing this technology, a computer-aided specification and verification tool was developed. This tool specializes Clio to synchronous hardware designs and significantly reduces the tedium involved in verifying such designs. The tool is presented and how it was used to specify and verify the interactive consistency circuit is described.

  12. Investigation of Technology Integrated Instruction in Art Education: A Case Study of Exploring Learning Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Szu Hsin; Tseng, Hui Ching

    2008-01-01

    In today's studies of how computer technologies are used in college art lessons, limited examples are focused on both digital instructional technology design and learning achievement. This study attempts to measure the learning achievement of college students from two intact groups in an art class when a multimedia form of instruction was utilized…

  13. Technology Integration in a Title I Elementary School: An Exploratory Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radecki, Barbara Louise

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how technology was integrated into the curriculum of a Title I high achieving elementary school in a large school district in the Southwestern United States. Three research questions guided the study: How did teachers integrate technology and curriculum in a Title I, high achieving elementary school? How…

  14. Cleaner Technology in the Hard Disk Drive Manufacturing Industry: A Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moolla, Premchai; Chompu-inwai, Rungchat

    2010-10-01

    The objectives of this research are to improve raw material and energy consumption efficiency, as well as reduce defects and the use of chemicals in the arm coil assembly process of hard disk drive manufacturing in the case study company by applying the Cleaner Technology concepts. The four main sequential steps used in this research were: (1) pre-assessment, (2) assessment, (3) feasibility study, and (4) implementation. In the first step, raw data, such as process flows, raw material usage and defects data were collected. In the second step, the loss during production and causes of loss were analyzed. Opportunities to reduce raw material, chemical and energy wastage could then be recommended. The next step was to evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a particular Cleaner Technology opportunity. Finally, in the last step, after a thorough evaluation and implementation of the opportunities to apply Cleaner Technology, the results showed that arm coil defects could be reduced by improving the production process using the ECRS technique. ECRS stands for Eliminate, Combine, Rearrange and Simplify. This improvement reduced arm coil defect rates from 0.48% to 0.15%, thus saving approximately 139,638 Thai Baht per month. In addition, production stoppage decision made by workers was used to increase employee involvement in defect detection. Allowing workers to participate in such a decision was an effective way to reduce defect rate and could motivate workers to produce a better quality job. This resulted in arm coil defects reducing from 0.41% to 0.025%, with about 74,562 Thai Baht per month saving. Additionally, an increase in the efficiency of electricity consumption occurred, by increasing the speed of the infrared oven conveyor belt, improving average productivity from 533 pieces/hour to 560 pieces/hour, without adversely affecting product costs and quality, thus producing products of up to the value of 206,242 Thai Baht per month. Furthermore, the new two-layer curing equipment was designed, developed and used. The upper layer of the equipment was used for arm curing and the lower layer was used for arm coil curing. The result of using such equipment led to a saving of approximately 25,502 Thai Baht per month in electricity costs, without affecting product quality. The outcome of these Cleaner Technology applications was that total costs of approximately 239,702 Thai Baht per month were able to be saved.

  15. Ethical currents in a career in science and technology: A case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodney W. Nichols

    2010-01-01

    Ethical principles are at the heart of the scientific and technological enterprise. That may not always seem to be the case. Doubts become especially emotional when there are deep disagreements as to how much weight should be given to conflicting ethical principles. But in the conduct of their research and in their assessment of applications, scientists and engineers demonstrate a

  16. Incorporating the Philosophical Dimension in Technology Education: A Case Study from Greece

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsirigotis, Georgios; Papadourakis, George M.; Karasavoglou, Anastasios; Hope, Erica

    2010-01-01

    Science and technology constitute very important parameters in social evolution. The unprecedented rapidity of their development since the last century, in combination with the absence of a philosophical approach and the presence in some cases of criminal usage, poses a danger for humanity and for the planet. In contrast to the classical…

  17. Improving the Technology Integration Skills of Prospective Teachers through Practice: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulbahar, Yasemin

    2008-01-01

    Rapid developments in invented technologies lead educational institutions to effectively integrate these technologies into the teaching-learning processes. However, both institutions and individuals face different obstacles because of these integration processes. By taking various precautions maybe overcome. Thus, this study was designed to…

  18. School Finance and Technology: A Case Study Using Grid and Group Theory to Explore the Connections

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, Stephoni; Harris, Edward L.

    2014-01-01

    Using grid and group theory (Douglas 1982, 2011), the study described in this article examined the intersections of technology and school finance in four schools located in districts differing in size, wealth, and commitment to technology integration. In grid and group theory, grid refers to the degree to which policies and role prescriptions…

  19. Insights into the Intrinsic and Extrinsic Challenges for Implementing Technology Education: Case Studies of Queensland Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finger, Glenn; Houguet, Belinda

    2009-01-01

    This study, embedded within the "Researching School Change in Technology Education" (RSCTE) project in Queensland, Australia, aimed to gain insights into the intrinsic and extrinsic challenges experienced by teachers during the implementation of technology education within primary school settings. The official publication and launch of the…

  20. Using Information Communication Technologies to Develop Dynamic Curriculum Frameworks for Diverse Cohorts: A Case Study from Event Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadley, Bree Jamila

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the role of information communication technologies (ICTs) in establishing a well-aligned, authentic learning environment for a diverse cohort of non-cognate and cognate students studying event management in a higher education context. Based on a case study which examined the way ICTs assisted in accommodating diverse…

  1. A comparative case study of the characteristics of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focused high schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine Elizabeth Scott

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the characteristics of 10 science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) focused high schools. A comparative case designed was used to identify key components of STEM school designs. Schools were selected from various regions across the United States. Data collected included websites, national statistics database, standardized test scores, interviews and published articles. Results from this study indicate that

  2. Digital Technology, Diabetes and Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Communities: A Case Study with Elderly Women from the Vietnamese Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Mara, Ben; Gill, Gurjeet K.; Babacan, Hurriyet; Donahoo, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To report the processes and outcomes of a case study on digital technology, diabetes and culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. Design: The qualitative study was based on a literature review, consultations and testing of a framework through workshops and an interactive information session. Setting: Consultations,…

  3. Technology Diffusion: the Case of Agent Technologies

    E-print Network

    Atkinson, Katie

    Technology Diffusion: the Case of Agent Technologies Jez McKean , Hayden Shorter , Michael Luck , Peter McBurney§ and Steven Willmott¶ August 7, 2007 Abstract Despite several examples of deployed agent systems, there remain barriers to the large-scale adoption of agent technologies. In order to understand

  4. INNOVATIVE OPERATIONAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR APPLICATION TO SUPERFUND SITES (9 CASE STUDIES)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Nine case studies are presented in a report that was designed to identify and obtain operational data from ongoing and completed remediation efforts. he case studies are presented as appendices, and provide process descriptions, performance, operational and cost data. he nine app...

  5. Determining effective technology transfer mechanisms: A case study in the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E. [Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States); Edgar, D.E.; Johnson, D.O. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1992-11-01

    In order to transfer technology efficiently, it is essential to define the cultural context in which the technologies have been developed and currently reside. As a participant in the International Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), the Environmental Planning Group, Inc. (EPG), had the opportunity to study environmental and energy programs in Russia. EPG found that the unstable political situation in Russia, the inadequate funding in the Russian scientific community, and the withdrawal of government support for research have created new opportunities for accessing technology. EPG concluded that knowledge of the structure of the government and the organization of the scientific community and an understanding of current business practices are fundamental to the creation of successful technology transfer mechanisms.

  6. Determining effective technology transfer mechanisms: A case study in the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    Colangelo, R.V.; Reistroffer, E. (Environmental Planning Group, Inc., Elk Grove Village, IL (United States)); Edgar, D.E.; Johnson, D.O. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

    1992-01-01

    In order to transfer technology efficiently, it is essential to define the cultural context in which the technologies have been developed and currently reside. As a participant in the International Technology Exchange Program (ITEP), the Environmental Planning Group, Inc. (EPG), had the opportunity to study environmental and energy programs in Russia. EPG found that the unstable political situation in Russia, the inadequate funding in the Russian scientific community, and the withdrawal of government support for research have created new opportunities for accessing technology. EPG concluded that knowledge of the structure of the government and the organization of the scientific community and an understanding of current business practices are fundamental to the creation of successful technology transfer mechanisms.

  7. The promise of mobile technologies and single case designs for the study of individuals in their natural environment

    PubMed Central

    Vilardaga, Roger; Bricker, Jonathan; McDonell, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Mobile technologies are growing rapidly around the world to broad demographics of society. These technologies hold great promise for their integration with Single Case Designs (SCDs) and the study of individuals in their natural environment. This paper discusses the theoretical, methodological and analytic implications of these tools for the advancement of the contextual behavioral etiology of behavioral disorders, and their remediation. We hope this paper will highlight the scientific advantages of combining mobile technologies and SCDs and encourage their adoption among CBS scientists. PMID:24949285

  8. A case study of four biomass conversion technologies in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Marsidi; Simona Negro; Floortje Alkemade

    2008-01-01

    Abstract The negative impact of our current energy system on the environment, has led to the search for more,renewable,energy,sources. Although an increase in markets,for sustainable technologies has been observed, the change of the total fossil fuel regime towards,sustainable energy,has been,very slow. To effectively stimulate,the development,and,diffusion of renewable,technologies,more,insight is needed regarding the underlying mechanism,of such transitions. This study increases insights on

  9. Installation of Reverse Osmosis Unit Reduces Refinery Energy Consumption: Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) BestPractices Petroleum Technical Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    U.S. Department of Energy

    2001-08-06

    This case study is the latest in a series on industrial firms who are implementing energy efficient technologies and system improvements into their manufacturing processes. The case studies document the activities, savings, and lessons learned on these projects.

  10. A Case Study of Chinese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Students' Attitudes toward Learning Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Kenneth Michael

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative case study investigates Chinese university English in the context of foreign language (EFL) learners' attitudes about video-aided instruction (VAI), video recording instruction, and mobile phone instruction (learning technologies). When I was working as an English teacher in Mainland China, several instructors and students stated…

  11. One Science Teacher's Professional Development Experience: A Case Study Exploring Changes in Students' Perceptions of Their Fluency with Innovative Technologies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebenezer, Jazlin; Columbus, Russell; Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Zhang, Lin; Ebenezer, Devairakkam Luke

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this case-study is to narrate a secondary science teacher's experience of his professional development (PD) education and training in innovative technologies (IT) in the context of engaging students in environmental research projects. The sources from which the narrative is derived include (1) the science teacher's reflective…

  12. The process of knowledge retrieval : A case study of an American high-technology research, engineering and consulting company

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefania Mariano; Andrea Casey

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the individual employee's role in the process of knowledge retrieval in a US high-technology research, engineering and consulting company, using a constructivist perspective. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study design was used and employed three methods of data collection: interviewing, observation, and document analysis. Using these data gathering methods provided data

  13. Case Study of Employment Trends across 25 Years of Graduates of a Japanese Science and Technology University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakayama, Minoru

    2014-01-01

    Graduates in the areas of Science and Technology are believed to have traditionally been employed in a number of specific industries, but the recent restructuring of some industries may have affected this phenomenon. In order to examine the trends concerning employment issues in more detail, a case study was conducted by surveying employment…

  14. AN INDUCTION MODEL OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENABLED KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SHOUHONG WANG; HAI WANG

    Knowledge management (KM) has become an important discipline in the field of management. Yet, few induction models of IT enabled KM are available for research and teaching in the literature. This paper presents the development of an induction model based on five real-life cases of successful KM. Based on a so-called Joint Qualitative Analysis, this case study has identified several

  15. A Case Study of Blog-Based Learning in Korea: Technology becomes Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Inae; Bonk, Curtis J.; Kim, Myung-Chun

    2011-01-01

    The unique technological functions of a weblog have earned it a growing reputation as a pedagogical tool for educators across fields of study. While using the blog as a communicative and pedagogical platform in two different graduate classes in Korea, this study explored the premise of a weblog as a place for networked individuality. The classes…

  16. A Post-Intentional Phenomenological Case Study of Pedagogical Awareness of Technology Integration into Secondary Science Teaching

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benson, Thor Kristoffer

    Pre-service teachers continue to matriculate through content and methods courses without sufficient attention to how these disciplines merge in the practice of teaching with technology. Consequently, a disconnect exists between learning what to teach and the act of teaching with technology. In order to develop this proficiency, Niess (2005) and others (Beck and Wynn, 1998; Becker, 2001; Duhaney, 2001; Flick and Bell, 2000) suggest investigating the pedagogical decisions that teachers make and how technology integration must inform those decisions. Using Vagle's (2010) post-intentional phenomenological approach, this study examined the practice of two pre-service science teachers and the tentative manifestations of their pedagogical awareness of technology integration in secondary science student teaching. This study investigated the what, how and why surrounding the pedagogical decisions with technology and how these pre-service teachers came to understand the impacts to their teaching. Additionally, this study examined the challenges that existed in identifying the participants' pedagogical awareness of technology integration into teaching. Utilizing Mishra & Koehler's (2006) framework of technological pedagogical content knowledge (TCPK), the participants provided insight into their perception of how their TPCK changed throughout student teaching through observed lessons, interviews and the reflexive phenomenological practice of bridling. Single-case and cross-case analysis indicated that the participants perceived a deeper understanding in their TPCK, greater student engagement through student-centered technology integration and greater comfort levels with technology integration in their teaching. This study also indicated existent challenges in how pre-service teachers decipher their own pedagogical awareness from that of their cooperating teachers. These results have implications for science teacher preparation, cooperating teachers and student teaching supervisors as these constituents conglomerate into more effective science teacher preparation. Situating pre-service teachers in the reflexive practice of bridling provides both time and space to investigate their pedagogical understandings that inform the practice of teaching.

  17. ASSESSMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE SURFACE IMPOUNDMENT TECHNOLOGY CASE STUDIES AND PERSPECTIVES OF EXPERTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The available data were gathered for a large number of case studies of hazardous waste surface impoundments (SI). Actual and projected performances were compared. This collection, analysis and dissemination of the accumulated experience can contribute significantly to improving S...

  18. Distance Learning Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bruce O.

    The Office of Technology Assessment authorized a series of case studies in 1989 to investigate how technologies, services, and programs are implemented in distance education projects. The studies were also intended to look at the role of local, state, and federal agencies, and other public and private entities in providing educational services to…

  19. A Case Study in Effectively Bridging the Business Skills Gap for the Information Technology Professional

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorman, Michael F.

    2011-01-01

    A longitudinal study of information technology (IT) managers at a Fortune 200 company in the Southwest United States was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a training program at bridging the perceived business skills gap for IT employees. A needs assessment was carried out, resulting in a 4-module training program. The program was evaluated…

  20. Social Learning and Digital Divides: A Case Study of Internet Technology Diffusion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meng-chun Liu; Gee San

    2006-01-01

    SUMMARYThe past few decades have witnessed a widening of the digital divide among countries in the world. Bridging this global digital divide has now become an important development policy of many governments in the developing world. Differing from previous studies that look at the Internet's popularity, this paper focuses on the speed of diffusion of such technologies over the period

  1. A Case Study: Information and Communication Technologies Adoption in Higher Education in China and India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lu Xiao; Haiyan Huang; Karthikeyan Umpathy

    2005-01-01

    Human knowledge and intellectual capital are essential in economic growth and social development of a country in knowledge economy, and a higher premium is often placed on education especially on higher education. China and India play significant roles in the globalization of knowledge economy. In this ongoing research study, we investigate how sociocultural factors influence technology adoption in college education

  2. Teachers' Pedagogical Designs for Technology-Supported Collective Inquiry: A National Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakkala, M.; Lallimo, J.; Hakkarainen, K.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze teachers' pedagogical designs, plans of organized technology-supported, collective student inquiry. Ten teachers in Finland designed and implemented eight, inquiry-learning units ('designs') in 12 primary and secondary level classrooms in various subject domains. The guiding principles behind the designs…

  3. Case Studies of Energy Information Systems and Related Technology: Operational Practices, Costs, and Benefits 

    E-print Network

    Motegi, N.; Piette, M. A.; Kinney, S.; Dewey, J.

    2003-01-01

    . This study explored the following questions: 1) How is the EIS used in day-to-day operation? 2) What are the costs and benefits of an EIS? 3) Where do the energy savings come from? This paper reviews the process of these technologies from installation through...

  4. A case study of data integration for aquatic resources using semantic web technologies

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gordon, Janice; Chkhenkeli, Nina; Govoni, David L.; Lightsom, Frances L.; Ostroff, Andrea; Schweitzer, Peter N.; Thongsavanh, Phethala; Varanka, Dalia E.; Zednik, Stephan

    2015-01-01

    Use cases, information modeling, and linked data techniques are Semantic Web technologies used to develop a prototype system that integrates scientific observations from four independent USGS and cooperator data systems. The techniques were tested with a use case goal of creating a data set for use in exploring potential relationships among freshwater fish populations and environmental factors. The resulting prototype extracts data from the BioData Retrieval System, the Multistate Aquatic Resource Information System, the National Geochemical Survey, and the National Hydrography Dataset. A prototype user interface allows a scientist to select observations from these data systems and combine them into a single data set in RDF format that includes explicitly defined relationships and data definitions. The project was funded by the USGS Community for Data Integration and undertaken by the Community for Data Integration Semantic Web Working Group in order to demonstrate use of Semantic Web technologies by scientists. This allows scientists to simultaneously explore data that are available in multiple, disparate systems beyond those they traditionally have used.

  5. Knowledge mobilization in the context of health technology assessment: an exploratory case study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Finding measures to enhance the dissemination and implementation of their recommendations has become part of most health technology assessment (HTA) bodies' preoccupations. The Quebec government HTA organization in Canada observed that some of its projects relied on innovative practices in knowledge production and dissemination. A research was commissioned in order to identify what characterized these practices and to establish whether they could be systematized. Methods An exploratory case study was conducted during summer and fall 2010 in the HTA agency in order to determine what made the specificity of its context, and to conceptualize an approach to knowledge production and dissemination that was adapted to the mandate and nature of this form of HTA organization. Six projects were selected. For each, the HTA report and complementary documents were analyzed, and semi-structured interviews were carried out. A narrative literature review of the most recent literature reviews of the principal knowledge into practice frameworks (2005-2010) and of articles describing such frameworks (2000-2010) was undertaken. Results and discussion Our observations highlighted an inherent difficulty as regards applying the dominant knowledge translation models to HTA and clinical guidance practices. For the latter, the whole process starts with an evaluation question asked in a problematic situation for which an actionable answer is expected. The objective is to produce the evidence necessary to respond to the decision-maker's request. The practices we have analyzed revealed an approach to knowledge production and dissemination, which was multidimensional, organic, multidirectional, dynamic, and dependent on interactions with stakeholders. Thus, HTA could be considered as a knowledge mobilization process per se. Conclusions HTA's purpose is to solve a problem by mobilizing the types of evidence required and the concerned actors, in order to support political, organizational or clinical decision-making. HTA relies on the mediation between contextual, colloquial and scientific evidence, as well as on interactions with stakeholders for recommendation making. Defining HTA as a knowledge mobilization process might contribute to consider the different orders of knowledge, the social, political and ethical dimensions, and the interactions with stakeholders, among the essential components required to respond to the preoccupations, needs and contexts of all actors concerned with the evaluation question's issues. PMID:22472141

  6. Teaching Information Security with Workflow Technology--A Case Study Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Wu; Kshirsagar, Ashish; Nwala, Alexander; Li, Yaohang

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the demand from professionals in different areas for improving the curricula regarding information security. The use of authentic case studies in teaching information security offers the potential to effectively engage students in active learning. In this paper, the authors introduce the…

  7. Neonatal Intensive Care for Low Birthweight Infants: Costs and Effectiveness. Health Technology Case Study 38.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

    After a brief introduction delineating the scope of the case study, chapter 1 summarizes findings and conclusions about the costs and effectiveness of neonatal intensive care in the United States. Chapter 2 inventories the national supply of neonatal intensive care units and describes recent trends in use and costs. Chapter 3 reviews mortality and…

  8. Technology-Enhanced Learning Environments. Case Studies in TESOL Practice Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hanson-Smith, Elizabeth, Ed.

    This edited volume presents case studies from Europe, North America, Asia, and the Middle East in which teachers have adapted and pioneered teaching innovations. The book is divided into 4 parts, 12 chapters, and an introduction. Part one, "Building a Computer Learning Center," has two chapters: "Guerilla Tactics: Creating a Mixed-Media ESL Lab…

  9. Cooperative Efforts to Introduce New Environmental Control Technologies to Industry- A Case Study for Brayton Cycle Heat Pump Technology 

    E-print Network

    Enneking, J. C.

    1991-01-01

    New environmental control technologies are rare, partly because it requires a very large expenditure of money, people and resources, and a commitment over an extended period of time. The Brayton Cycle Technology for Solvent Recovery and Pollution...

  10. Tracking techno-science networks: A case study of fuel cells and related hydrogen technology R&D in Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antje Klitkou; Stian Nygaard; Martin Meyer

    2007-01-01

    This study explores boundary-crossing networks in fuel-cell science and technology. We use the case of Norwegian fuel cell\\u000a and related hydrogen research to explore techno-science networks. Standard bibliometric and patent indicators are presented.\\u000a Then we explore different types of network maps — maps based on co-authorship, co-patenting and co-activity data. Different\\u000a network configurations occur for each type of map. Actors

  11. Globalisation of birth markets: a case study of assisted reproductive technologies in India.

    PubMed

    Sarojini, Nadimpally; Marwah, Vrinda; Shenoi, Anjali

    2011-01-01

    The escalation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) in India into a veritable fertility industry is the result of a multitude of reasons. This paper places the bio-genetic industry within the larger political economy framework of globalisation and privatisation, thus employing a framework that is often omitted from discussions on ARTs, but has direct and significant bearings on the ART industry in India. As markets for human organs, tissues and reproductive body parts experience unprecedented growth, the limits of what can or should be bought and sold continue to be pushed. As such, bodies have emerged as sale-worthy economic capital. Commercial flows of reproductive material create and deploy the division of the body into parts over which ownership is claimed, in the process following 'modern routes of capital' and raising issues of structural inequality.This paper presents a brief picture of India's fertility industry with specific focus on its ground-level operation, nature and growth. It aims to explore the industry dimensions of ARTs, by highlighting the macro picture of health care markets and medical tourism in India, the proliferation of the ART industry, market features such as the social imperative to mother, costs, promotion and marketing, unverified claims, inflated success rates, deals and offers, actors and collaborations in the field, and finally, the absence of standards. This paper presents findings from the research 'Constructing Conceptions: The Mapping of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in India', by Sama, a Delhi-based resource group working on gender, health and rights. This research was conducted from 2008 to 2010 in the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu in India, and is one of the first of its kind, highlighting unethical medical practices and making a case for the regulation of the ART industry. As such, it forms a significant part of Sama's ongoing work on women and technologies, particularly policy-level advocacy. PMID:21838866

  12. Globalisation of birth markets: a case study of assisted reproductive technologies in India

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    The escalation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) in India into a veritable fertility industry is the result of a multitude of reasons. This paper places the bio-genetic industry within the larger political economy framework of globalisation and privatisation, thus employing a framework that is often omitted from discussions on ARTs, but has direct and significant bearings on the ART industry in India. As markets for human organs, tissues and reproductive body parts experience unprecedented growth, the limits of what can or should be bought and sold continue to be pushed. As such, bodies have emerged as sale-worthy economic capital. Commercial flows of reproductive material create and deploy the division of the body into parts over which ownership is claimed, in the process following 'modern routes of capital' and raising issues of structural inequality. This paper presents a brief picture of India's fertility industry with specific focus on its ground-level operation, nature and growth. It aims to explore the industry dimensions of ARTs, by highlighting the macro picture of health care markets and medical tourism in India, the proliferation of the ART industry, market features such as the social imperative to mother, costs, promotion and marketing, unverified claims, inflated success rates, deals and offers, actors and collaborations in the field, and finally, the absence of standards. This paper presents findings from the research 'Constructing Conceptions: The Mapping of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in India', by Sama, a Delhi-based resource group working on gender, health and rights. This research was conducted from 2008 to 2010 in the three states of Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Tamil Nadu in India, and is one of the first of its kind, highlighting unethical medical practices and making a case for the regulation of the ART industry. As such, it forms a significant part of Sama's ongoing work on women and technologies, particularly policy-level advocacy. PMID:21838866

  13. A systematic technology forecasting approach for New and Emerging Science and Technology: Case study of nano-enhanced biosensors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lu Huang; Ying Guo; Alan L. Porter

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the topic of anticipating likely development paths for a particular żNew and Emerging Science & Technologyż (NES&T). Characteristics of NES&T - technological uncertainty and contextual dynamics - pose challenges for technology management and forecasting practices. Researchers, technologists, R&D managers, staff in funding agencies and policy makers żneed to knowż future prospects. This requires better ways to capture

  14. Commitment to Cybersecurity and Information Technology Governance: A Case Study and Leadership Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Scipiaruth Kendall

    2012-01-01

    The continual emergence of technologies has infiltrated government and industry business infrastructures, requiring reforming organizations and fragile network infrastructures. Emerging technologies necessitates countermeasures, commitment to cybersecurity and information technology governance for organization's survivability and…

  15. Metlab Plan-Wide Assessment. Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) BestPractices Assessment Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2002-08-01

    This OIT BestPractices case study describes the methods and results of a plant-wide energy assessment at Metlab's aircraft component manufacturing plant in Wyndmoor, PA. Recommendations derived from the assessment, if implemented, can save an estimated $528,400 annually, reduce natural gas use by 50,070 MMbtu per year, and reduce electrical use by 329,400 kWh per year.

  16. Technology Transfer: A Case Study of Programs and Practices at NASA, DOD, DOC, and Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blood, John R.

    2009-01-01

    Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. …

  17. An evaluation of soil erosion hazard: A case study in Southern Africa using geomatics technologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eiswerth, Barbara Alice

    Accelerated soil erosion in Malawi, Southern Africa, increasingly threatens agricultural productivity, given current and projected population growth trends. Previous attempts to document soil erosion potential have had limited success, lacking appropriate information and diagnostic tools. This study utilized geomatics technologies and the latest available information from topography, soils, climate, vegetation, and land use of a watershed in southern Malawi. The Soil Loss Estimation Model for Southern Africa (SLEMSA), developed for conditions in Zimbabwe, was evaluated and used to create a soil erosion hazard map for the watershed under Malawi conditions. The SLEMSA sub-models of cover, soil loss, and topography were computed from energy interception, rainfall energy, and soil erodibility, and slope length and steepness, respectively. Geomatics technologies including remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) provided the tools with which land cover/land use, a digital elevation model, and slope length and steepness were extracted and integrated with rainfall and soils spatial information. Geomatics technologies enable rapid update of the model as new and better data sets become available. Sensitivity analyses of the SLEMSA model revealed that rainfall energy and slope steepness have the greatest influence on soil erosion hazard estimates in this watershed. Energy interception was intermediate in sensitivity level, whereas slope length and soil erodibility ranked lowest. Energy interception and soil erodibility were shown by parameter behavior analysis to behave in a linear fashion with respect to soil erosion hazard, whereas rainfall energy, slope steepness, and slope length exhibit non-linear behavior. When SLEMSA input parameters and results were compared to alternative methods of soil erosion assessment, such as drainage density and drainage texture, the model provided more spatially explicit information using 30 meter grid cells. Results of this study indicate that more accurate soil erosion estimates can be made when: (1) higher resolution digital elevation models are used; (2) data from improved precipitation station network are available, and; (3) greater investment in rainfall energy research.

  18. Building Energy Information Systems: State of the Technology and User Case Studies

    E-print Network

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    technologies either did not provide model-based forecasting,and forecasting methods are not universally understood across users and technologyforecasting and normalization features, with experience indicating that the technology

  19. Persistence Factors of Women in Information Technology--A Multiple Case Study Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hua, David M.

    2010-01-01

    Women have historically been underrepresented in the field of information technology. The literature related to the underrepresentation of women in information technology has focused on developing strategies for attracting more females into the industry. Despite these efforts, the number of women in information technology has been declining. The…

  20. Septic tank crisis: a case study of science, technology and society education in an elementary school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erminia Pedretti

    1997-01-01

    Proponents of science, technology and society (STS) education advocate a literacy grounded in the context of ethical, individual and social responsibility. Accordingly, STS programs and themes have been designed and developed in an effort to interpret science and technology as complex socially embedded enterprises, and to promote the development of a critical, scientifically and technologically literate citizenry capable of understanding

  1. Popularisation of Science and Technology Education: Some Case Studies from Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savage, Mike, Ed.; Naidoo, Prem, Ed.

    Science and technology, and science and technology education, play an important role in the development of a country's economy, environment, social relations, and other sectors. African countries recognize this role and many have committed considerable resources to the development of science and technology and their educational systems. In African…

  2. Methodology for Evaluating a Novel Education Technology: A Case Study of Handheld Video Games in Chile

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolis, Jesse L.; Nussbaum, Miguel; Rodriguez, Patricio; Rosas, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    Many school systems, in both the developed and developing world, are implementing educational technology to assist in student learning. However, there is no clear consensus on how to evaluate these new technologies. This paper proposes a comprehensive methodology for estimating the value of a new educational technology in three steps: benefit…

  3. Selection of renewable energy technologies for Africa: Eight case studies in Rwanda, Tanzania and Malawi

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marie-Louise Barry; Herman Steyn; Alan Brent

    2011-01-01

    Renewable energy technologies need to be implemented to improve the current lack of access to energy on the African continent. However, the implementation of renewable energy technologies in Africa often fails, or the technologies are found to be unsustainable in the longer term. Previous research determined eleven factors that should be taken into account for the selection of sustainable, renewable

  4. Adopting Quality Assurance Technology in Customer-Vendor Relationships: A Case Study of How Interorganizational Relationships Influence the Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heeager, Lise Tordrup; Tjřrnehřj, Gitte

    Quality assurance technology is a formal control mechanism aiming at increasing the quality of the product exchanged between vendors and customers. Studies of the adoption of this technology in the field of system development rarely focus on the role of the relationship between the customer and vendor in the process. We have studied how the process of adopting quality assurance technology by a small Danish IT vendor developing pharmacy software for a customer in the public sector was influenced by the relationship with the customer. The case study showed that the adoption process was shaped to a high degree by the relationship and vice versa. The prior high level of trust and mutual knowledge helped the parties negotiate mutually feasible solutions throughout the adoption process. We thus advise enhancing trust-building processes to strengthen the relationships and to balance formal control and social control to increase the likelihood of a successful outcome of the adoption of quality assurance technology in a customer-vendor relationship.

  5. Commercial feasibility and impact of embryo transfer technology on the diary industry: case study 

    E-print Network

    Martin, Daniel Lee

    1985-01-01

    Embryo transfer (ET) is the removal of embryos from one female and implantation of single embryos into uteruses of recipients. This procedure makes it possible to produce up to 20 calves per year from a single donor. Embryo transfer is a potentially... Technology involves transformation of the material environment into a flow of goods and services to satisfy human wants (Rosen- burg, 1977). Technological change enables farmers to produce more output with the same or smaller quantity of inputs. Technology...

  6. Investigating Design and Technology Students' Peer Interactions in a Technology-Mediated Learning Environment: A Case study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeo, Tiong Meng; Quek, Choon Lang

    2011-01-01

    This research investigates students' peer interactions in the Design and Technology (D&T) environment supported by "Knowledge Forum". The sample comprised of 15 students who had no prior experience in using "Knowledge Forum" to mediate their D&T learning. Their interaction with peers occurred in three stages: design situation, ideation and…

  7. Enhancement of Cognitive Processing by Multiple Sclerosis Patients Using Liquid Cooling Technology: A Case Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montgomery, Leslie D.; Montgomery, Richard W.; Ku, Yu-Tsuan; Luna, Bernadette (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Cognitive dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). This can have a significant impact on the quality of life of both the patient and of their primary care giver. This case study explores the possibility that liquid cooling therapy may be used to enhance the cognitive processing of MS patients in the same way that it provides temporary relief of some physical impairment. Two MS patients were presented a series of pattern discrimination tasks before and after being cooled with a liquid cooling garment for a one hour period. The subject whose ear temperature was reduced during cooling showed greater electroencephalographic (EEG) activity and scored much better on the task after cooling. The patient whose ear temperature was unaffected by cooling showed less EEG activity and degraded performance after the one hour cooling period.

  8. Using Technology in Science Education: Case Studies from Chemistry and Physics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bacon, Richard; Drury, T. Adam

    1998-01-01

    Describes experiences of the Computers in Teaching Initiatives (CTI) centers for chemistry and physics which provide support to academic staff in universities in the United Kingdom who are using communications and information technology. Topics include funding by the Teaching and Learning Technology Programme (TLTP); courseware development; and…

  9. Human Aspects of the Management of Technological Change: A Case-Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorman, Liam; Mullan, Cathal

    1973-01-01

    Describes the switchover from an outdated cargo warehouse using shelves and forklifts'' technology to a new semi-automatic facility with electronically controlled freight storage and retrieval, and an associated computerized documentation system. Illustrates the management of the personnel aspects in introducing technological change. (Author)

  10. Integrating New Technologies into Established Systems: a case study from Roman Silchester

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire R Fisher; Melissa Terras; Claire Warwick

    2009-01-01

    Introducing new ways of working into well establish ed systems can be problematic, especially if the ch ange involves the introduction of unfamiliar technology. This pap er focuses on the adoption of digital field recordi ng systems at the Roman site of Silchester and explores how the implementation of new technology has impacted on the workflow of the site. The

  11. Understanding the End User Perspective: A Multiple-Case Study of Successful Health Information Technology Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behravesh, Bardia

    2010-01-01

    The United States continues to lag behind other countries in its adoption of health information technology. A failure to increase adoption will jeopardize the nation's ability to reduce medical errors, address the rapid growth of healthcare costs, and enact effective healthcare reform. Health information technology (HIT) implementation success…

  12. Perceptions of Students' Learning Critical Thinking through Debate in a Technology Classroom: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Sophia

    2008-01-01

    Critical thinking is often a desired competency for graduates of a technology program. Organizational members have uttered concern about students' inability to think critically. Although traditional pedagogical techniques, such as lectures and examinations, center on knowledge acquisition, debates in the technology classroom can effectively…

  13. Using the iPhone for Assistive Technology: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Chelsea; Rabe, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Parent and teacher collaborated to use the Apple iPhone as assistive technology to meet the needs of Bill, a 20-year-old student in the Saline Young Adult program, part of the Saline Michigan School System. Bill has an intellectual disability and this technology provided an effective, flexible and moderate cost solution that helped him meet his…

  14. Consortia for Engineering, Science and Technology Libraries in India: A Case Study of INDEST Consortium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. K. Pathak; N. J. Deshpande

    2007-01-01

    The present scenario of the INDEST Consortium among engineering, science and technology (including astronomy and astrophysics) libraries in India is discussed. The Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences & Technology (INDEST) Consortium is a major initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. The INDEST Consortium provides access to 16 full text e-resources and 7 bibliographic

  15. Emerging Media in Engineering Technology: A Case Study in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostler, Karl B.

    2013-01-01

    Technical illustration, 3D modeling, and design drafting under the discipline of engineering technology face rapid change and advancements in technologies such that educational leaders must continually anticipate change and make intelligent choices in providing a quality educational experience to adult students. However, how successful program…

  16. The effects of multimedia communication technology on non-collocated teams: a case study.

    PubMed

    Carletta, J; Anderson, A H; McEwan, R

    2000-08-01

    Collaborative teams are becoming increasingly important for industry, both within and across companies. There is a need for communication technology to support teams because many teams are non-collocated, or 'virtual'. Two automotive supply chain teams were observed while they were experimenting with multimedia conferencing in order to determine what support non-collocated teams need and the potential effects of introducing technologies on their group processes. The observations included meeting recordings and other sources that show the organizational factors affecting teams. Working in teams requires very close collaboration. Communication technology can help teams if it is used to foster close and relatively informal person-to-person interaction. Organizational constraints on how the technology is introduced favour high-technology, special-purpose installations, but teams can best be supported using relatively modest equipment with desktop access. PMID:10975182

  17. Health Information Technology Systems profoundly impact users: a case study in a dental school.

    PubMed

    Hill, Heather K; Stewart, Denice C L; Ash, Joan S

    2010-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to increase our understanding of the impact of Health Information Technology Systems (HITS) on dental school users when the systems are integrated into chair-side patient care. We used qualitative research methods, including interviews, focus groups, and observations, to capture the experiences of HITS users at a single institution. Users included administrators, clinical faculty members, predoctoral students, support staff, and residents. The data were analyzed using a grounded theory approach, and nine themes emerged: 1) HITS benefits were disproportionate among users; 2) communicating about the HITS was challenging; 3) users experienced a range of strong emotions; 4) the instructor persona diminished; 5) there were shifts in the school's power structure; 6) allocation of end-users' time shifted; 7) the training and support needs of end-users were significant; 8) perceived lack of HITS usability made documentation cumbersome for clinicians; and 9) clinicians' workflow was disrupted. HITS integration into patient care impacts the work of all system users, especially end-users. The themes highlight areas of potential concern for implementers and users in integrating a HITS into patient care. PMID:20388817

  18. An analytical approach to building a technology development envelope (TDE) for roadmapping of emerging technologies: a case study of emerging electronic cooling technologies for computer servers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Gerdsri; D. F. Kocaoglu

    2003-01-01

    This paper proposes a systematic approach to help technology managers to strategically identify and select emerging technologies in which to invest in order to achieve technological competitiveness in their new product development. The combination of Delphi method and hierarchal decision model is used in building a technology development envelope (TDE) - a curve representing a series of technologies with maximum

  19. Modeling cascading diffusion of new energy technologies: case study of residential solid oxide fuel cells in the US and internationally.

    PubMed

    Herron, Seth; Williams, Eric

    2013-08-01

    Subsidy programs for new energy technologies are motivated by the experience curve: increased adoption of a technology leads to learning and economies of scale that lower costs. Geographic differences in fuel prices and climate lead to large variability in the economic performance of energy technologies. The notion of cascading diffusion is that regions with favorable economic conditions serve as the basis to build scale and reduce costs so that the technology becomes attractive in new regions. We develop a model of cascading diffusion and implement via a case study of residential solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for combined heating and power. We consider diffusion paths within the U.S. and internationally. We construct market willingness-to-pay curves and estimate future manufacturing costs via an experience curve. Combining market and cost results, we find that for rapid cost reductions (learning rate = 25%), a modest public subsidy can make SOFC investment profitable for 20-160 million households. If cost reductions are slow however (learning rate = 15%), residential SOFCs may not become economically competitive. Due to higher energy prices in some countries, international diffusion is more favorable than domestic, mitigating much of the uncertainty in the learning rate. PMID:23815497

  20. Exploring educational partnerships: a case study of client provider technology education partnerships in New Zealand primary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weal, Brenda; Coll, Richard

    2007-04-01

    This paper explores the notion of educational partnerships and reports on research on client provider partnerships between full primary schools and external technology education providers for Year 7 and 8 New Zealand students (age range approx. 12 to 13 years). Educational reforms in New Zealand and the introduction of a more holistic technology education curriculum in 1995 changed the nature of the relationship between the technology education partners. The research sought to identify, from the perspective of the primary schools (clients), factors that contribute to successful partnerships between them and their technology education provider. A mixed methods approach consisting of a survey of client schools, in-depth interviews and a series of four in-depth case studies (drawing on issues derived from the survey) was employed. Issues relating to teacher subculture, leadership roles and inflexibility of official processes all surfaced. The research points to an absence of commitment, shared understanding, shared power, leadership, communication and accountability in many educational partnerships that were the focus of this work.

  1. Technology-Based Programs to Promote Walking Fluency or Improve Foot-Ground Contact during Walking: Two Case Studies of Adults with Multiple Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; La Martire, Maria L.; Oliva, Doretta; Groeneweg, Jop

    2012-01-01

    These two case studies assessed technology-based programs for promoting walking fluency and improving foot-ground contact during walking with a man and a woman with multiple disabilities, respectively. The man showed breaks during walking and the woman presented with toe walking. The technology used in the studies included a microprocessor with…

  2. Technology-Aided Programs for Assisting Communication and Leisure Engagement of Persons with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Two Single-Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Ferlisi, Gabriele; Ferrarese, Giacomina; Zullo, Valeria; Addante, Luigi M.; Spica, Antonella; Oliva, Doretta

    2012-01-01

    Technology-aided programs for assisting communication and leisure engagement were assessed in single-case studies involving two men with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Study I involved a 51-year-old man with a virtually total loss of his motor repertoire and assessed a technology-aided program aimed at enabling him to (a) write and send out…

  3. The domestication of an everyday health technology: A case study of electric toothbrushes

    PubMed Central

    Carter, Simon; Green, Judith; Thorogood, Nicki

    2013-01-01

    Using the electric toothbrush as an example, this article examines the growing acceptability of domestic health technologies that blur the traditional boundaries between health, aesthetics and consumption. By using empirical material from individual and household interviews about people's oral health practices, this research explores the relationships between an everyday artefact, its users and their environments. It investigates the ways in which oral health technologies do, or do not, become domesticated in the home environment. We conclude that the domestication of oral health technologies is not inevitable, with the electric toothbrush often becoming an ‘unstable object' in the domestic setting. PMID:24260016

  4. Walker devices and microswitch technology to enhance assisted indoor ambulation by persons with multiple disabilities: three single-case studies.

    PubMed

    Lancioni, Giulio E; Singh, Nirbhay N; O'Reilly, Mark F; Sigafoos, Jeff; Oliva, Doretta; Campodonico, Francesca; Buono, Serafino

    2013-07-01

    These three single-case studies assessed the use of walker devices and microswitch technology for promoting ambulation behavior among persons with multiple disabilities. The walker devices were equipped with support and weight lifting features. The microswitch technology ensured that brief stimulation followed the participants' ambulation responses. The participants were two children (i.e., Study I and Study II) and one man (i.e., Study III) with poor ambulation performance. The ambulation efforts of the child in Study I involved regular steps, while those of the child in Study II involved pushing responses (i.e., he pushed himself forward with both feet while sitting on the walker's saddle). The man involved in Study III combined his poor ambulation performance with problem behavior, such as shouting or slapping his face. The results were positive for all three participants. The first two participants had a large increase in the number of steps/pushes performed during the ambulation events provided and in the percentages of those events that they completed independently. The third participant improved his ambulation performance as well as his general behavior (i.e., had a decline in problem behavior and an increase in indices of happiness). The wide-ranging implications of the results are discussed. PMID:23643772

  5. Early growth technology analysis : case studies in solar energy and geothermal energy

    E-print Network

    Kaya Firat, Ayse

    2010-01-01

    Public and private organizations try to forecast the future of technological developments and allocate funds accordingly. Based on our interviews with experts from MIT's Entrepreneurship Center, Sloan School of Management, ...

  6. Problem Solving with an Icon Oriented Programming Tool: A Case Study in Technology Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavonen, Jari M.; Lattu, Matti; Meisalo, Veijo P.

    2001-01-01

    Finnish eighth graders used computer control software to find creative solutions to technological problems. The learning environment encouraged problem-centered and creative approaches. More systematic teaching of programming skills before problem solving was recommended. (Contains 32 references.) (SK)

  7. United Technologies Corporation: Achieving Competitive Excellence (ACE): Operating System Case Study

    E-print Network

    Roth, George

    2010-11-30

    United Technologies Corporation (abbreviated UTC, NYSE ticker symbol UTX) is a large, industrial conglomerate that designs, manufactures, and services a broad range of products, ranging from air conditioners and elevators ...

  8. ASSESSMENT OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR METAL FINISHING POLLUTION CONTROL: THREE CASE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    This research program was initiated with the objective of bringing information concerning performance and cost of new wastewater treatment technologies to the attention of the metal finishing community. Many novel approaches to treatment of electroplating wastewater have been eva...

  9. Using technology to bring abstract concepts into focus: A programming case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thad Crews; Jeff Butterfield

    2002-01-01

    TECHNOLOGY is a valuable instructional tool for teaching and learning fundamental concepts such as mathematics, reading, and\\u000a writing. The teaching of advanced topics with abstract concepts can also benefit from instructional technology. For example,\\u000a computer programming involves the design and development of problem-solving algorithms. Algorithms are inherently abstract\\u000a ideas. The physical representation of algorithms can take on many forms (e.g.,

  10. Farm level technology assessment in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study in Mali 

    E-print Network

    Feldman, Paul A.

    1999-01-01

    that international development agencies utilize to aid small holder farms is the creation and implementation of new agricultural technologies. These technologies are designed to make agricultural production more eAicient, thereby raising the farm family... in a farm interview process. In this process an agricultural economist familiar with TIES accompanied by the local extension agent interviews the operator of each farm. The interviewer is aided by an extensive survey that was developed specifically...

  11. Diffuse light potato seed storage as an example of technology transfer: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael J. Potts

    1983-01-01

    An example of the adoption of a new technology, namely the storage of potato seed tubers in diffuse light, is described under\\u000a conditions typical of many developing countries: lack of financial and technical resources etc. Progressive stages are shown\\u000a within one farm. In addition, farmer awareness of seed-tuber quality and confidence in new technologies were increased so\\u000a that other related

  12. The Role of Information Technology in Education Sector (A Case Study of Faisalabad - Pakistan)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Rizwan Safdar; Falak Sher; Shabbar Iqbal; Khaliq Ali Shakir

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the theoretical approaches of educated people about the role of information technology in the development of education sector, with particular context of Pakistan. Quantitative (measured scale) variables and qualitative thematic variables generated from open-ended responses were analyzed by applying statistical measures, i.e. SPSS, to find out the outcomes. About 91.7% of the respondents signify information technology as

  13. Problem Solving with an Icon Oriented Programming Tool: A Case Study in Technology Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lattu, Mattie

    In 1995, the authors started the Empirica Control for Technology Education (ECTE) project in the Department of Teacher Education at the University of Helsinki with the purpose of widening the possibilities for creative problem solving in technology education. First, an icon-oriented visual programming tool was developed to teach computer control technology, along with an appropriate computer interface. Authors developed the new programming tool to minimize the need for direct guidance from the teacher and to reduce the need for rote memorization of programming rules. It was also designed to allow for constructive and creative activities by the students. Along with the software and hardware, handbooks for creative problem solving in control technology were written and in-service training was organized to support teachers in their efforts to develop creative problem solving through technology education programs in Finnish comprehensive schools. The development of this new computer control system led to an interest among the authors in finding out how pupils learn the basics of control technology and programming and how they creatively solve problems within the context of computer control. Target Audience: 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators

  14. Construction of an Automotive Technology Competency Analysis Profile for Training Undergraduate Students: A Case Study of Automotive Body Electrical Technology Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weerayute Sudsomboon

    2008-01-01

    The purposes of this study was to construct an automotive technology competency analysis profile for training undergraduate students of Mechanical Technology Education program at King Mongkut‘s University of Technology Thonburi and to identify the tasks list of automotive body electrical technology systems. The qualitative and quantitative data was collected through observations, in-depth interviews, document analysis, and DACUM (Developing a Curriculum)

  15. Evolutionary strategy to apply information and communication technology: a case study in the apparel industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jyh-Hong Ding; Ping-Shun Chen; Jung Lyu

    2011-01-01

    The apparel industry is a demand-driven and highly globalised industry. Apparel manufacturers must adjust their strategies and redeploy supply chain positions in order to meet the customer demand. This research adopts the value chain theory and value proposition theory to analyse the development stage of e-business of the apparel case company. The case company applies the suitable information and communication

  16. IT-adoption and the interaction of task, technology and individuals: a fit framework and a case study

    PubMed Central

    Ammenwerth, Elske; Iller, Carola; Mahler, Cornelia

    2006-01-01

    Background Factors of IT adoption have largely been discussed in the literature. However, existing frameworks (such as TAM or TTF) are failing to include one important aspect, the interaction between user and task. Method Based on a literature study and a case study, we developed the FITT framework to help analyse the socio-organisational-technical factors that influence IT adoption in a health care setting. Results Our FITT framework ("Fit between Individuals, Task and Technology") is based on the idea that IT adoption in a clinical environment depends on the fit between the attributes of the individual users (e.g. computer anxiety, motivation), attributes of the technology (e.g. usability, functionality, performance), and attributes of the clinical tasks and processes (e.g. organisation, task complexity). We used this framework in the retrospective analysis of a three-year case study, describing the adoption of a nursing documentation system in various departments in a German University Hospital. We will show how the FITT framework helped analyzing the process of IT adoption during an IT implementation: we were able to describe every found IT adoption problem with regard to the three fit dimensions, and any intervention on the fit can be described with regard to the three objects of the FITT framework (individual, task, technology). We also derive facilitators and barriers to IT adoption of clinical information systems. Conclusion This work should support a better understanding of the reasons for IT adoption failures and therefore enable better prepared and more successful IT introduction projects. We will discuss, however, that from a more epistemological point of view, it may be difficult or even impossible to analyse the complex and interacting factors that predict success or failure of IT projects in a socio-technical environment. PMID:16401336

  17. Harnessing Technology for School Accountability: A Case Study of Implementing a Management Information System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enomoto, Ernestine K.; Conley, Sharon

    2007-01-01

    Schools employ educational technology to comply with pressures for greater accountability and efficiency in conducting operations. Specifically, schools use "management information systems" designed to automate data collection of student attendance, grades, test scores, and so on. These management information systems (MIS) employed widespread use…

  18. Using Mobile Technologies for Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings: Outcomes of Five Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dearnley, Christine; Taylor, Jill; Hennessy, Scott; Parks, Maria; Coates, Catherine; Haigh, Jackie; Fairhall, John; Riley, Kevin; Dransfield, Mark

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the outcomes of the Mobile Technologies Pilot Project for the Assessment and Learning in Practice Settings (ALPS) Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL). ALPS is a partnership of five Higher Education Institutions (HEI) that aims to develop and improve assessment, and thereby learning, in practice settings for…

  19. Considerations of resource availability in technology development strategies: The case study of photovoltaics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anton Zuser; Helmut Rechberger

    2011-01-01

    Photovoltaic (PV) technologies have experienced considerable growth rates of up to 70% in the last years. This has been possible because of low total CO2 emissions and a positive overall energy balance for PV. Several institutions have developed future scenarios which show an increase in global electricity demand from 17000TWh in 2005 to some 60000TWh by 2050. A significant part

  20. A case study in high-end communications technology in distance learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. van Dam; A. Barr; D. Greenberg; R. Riesenfeld; H. Fuchs

    1996-01-01

    The five principal investigators (PIs) of the graphics and visualization center, a distributed NSF science and technology center, report on the lessons learned from reaching an interactive graduate-level seminar involving their five sites over a high-end communications infrastructure. The experiences related will be of value to institutions presently conducting or considering distance learning. Although the experiences reported here are based

  1. The Role of Books, Libraries, Technology, and Culture in Children's Lives: An International case study

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    and continually go to their school libraries; use technology (e.g., Internet applications or local software a strong appreciation of public libraries. 2 #12;1. Introduction Researcher: If you could wave a magic wand in inner-city Chicago, and attends a U.S. public school. He has never been to a public library; and has

  2. A Case Study of the Use of Internet Photobook Technology to Enhance Early Childhood "Scientist" Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Phyllis

    2011-01-01

    There are many influences on a child's identity. Photobook technology purposefully prepared around science explorations presents a modern opportunity to repeatedly trigger memories that reinforce the "me, as scientist" viewpoint. Semi-structured interviews at 6 and 8 years of age were conducted with a child who was the subject of a photobook of…

  3. Refrigeration: A Case Study of the Role of Science in Technological Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Ross

    1994-01-01

    Technological devices are often used by science teachers to illustrate scientific principles in a way that implies that the devices are simple products of science. The refrigerator is used as an example of a device for which science offers an explanation of its workings, but this should not be seen as the reason why it exists. (15 references)…

  4. Scaffolding 6th Graders' Problem Solving in Technology-Enhanced Science Classrooms: A Qualitative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Minchi C.; Hannafin, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    In response to the calls to improve and deepen scientific understanding and literacy, considerable effort has been invested in developing sustainable technology-enhanced learning environments to improve science inquiry. Research has provided important guidance for scaffolding learning in mathematics and science. However, these reports have…

  5. Innovative Staffing To Meet Technological Changes: A Case Study at Wake Forest University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganzert, Robin Roy; Watkins, Dawn Adele

    1997-01-01

    Examines the changes surrounding information technology as it relates to staffing issues at Wake Forest University (Winston-Salem, North Carolina). Highlights include: revision of organizational structure; decentralization of human resources processes; a survey of personnel attitudes; and trends for the human resources department. (AEF)

  6. Reading Teachers' Beliefs and Utilization of Computer and Technology: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Remetio, Jessica Espinas

    2014-01-01

    Many researchers believe that computers have the ability to help improve the reading skills of students. In an effort to improve the poor reading scores of students on state tests, as well as improve students' overall academic performance, computers and other technologies have been installed in Frozen Bay School classrooms. As the success of these…

  7. A Conceptual Model and Evaluation Process for Educational Technology Learning Resources: A Legal Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDonald, Jacquie; McPhail, Janelle; Maguire, Michael; Millett, Bruce

    2004-01-01

    The University of Southern Queensland (USQ), Australia, has more than 25 years experience in distributed education. More recently, USQ has embraced information and communication technologies to delivery learning resources in a more integrated and interactive environment to on-campus and external students. To understand the complex reactions of…

  8. Creativity, the Individual and Society: A Teaching Case Study within a High-Technology Firm.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edelson, Paul J.

    An innovative method for teaching creativity and leadership to adults was presented to engineers and executives within a high-technology corporation who wished to overcome fear of failure and the inhibiting influences of stress within their industry. The methodology developed was based upon prior research conducted in the area of self-directed…

  9. Screening Methodologies to Support Risk and Technology Reviews (RTR): A Case Study Analysis

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Clean Air Act establishes a two-stage regulatory process for addressing emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) from stationary sources. In the first stage, the Act requires the EPA to develop technology-based standards for categories of industrial sources. We have lar...

  10. Advancing Geospatial Technologies in Science and Social Science: A Case Study in Collaborative Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. A. Williams; J. N. Morris; M. L. Simms; S. Metoyer

    2007-01-01

    The Advancing Geospatial Skills in Science and Social Sciences (AGSSS) program, funded by NSF, provides middle and high school teacher-partners with access to graduate student scientists for classroom collaboration and curriculum adaptation to incorporate and advance skills in spatial thinking. AGSSS Fellows aid in the delivery of geospatially-enhanced activities utilizing technology such as geographic information systems, remote sensing, and virtual

  11. STS-Astro: Astronomy in the focus of Science, Technology and Society and Case Study in Education Distance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferreira, O. R.

    2014-02-01

    The dissertation addresses the focus of Astronomy in Science, Technology and Society [STS}, which the author calls the STS-Astro. Observes the International Year of the Astronomy 2009 [IYA 2009] as one of the greatest experiences STS worldwide, causing unprecedented integration between science, technology and humanities, with positive impacts in many sectors of society and are still worthy of study, specially in Brazil due to the implementation of the International Year of Astronomy, Brazil 2009 [IYABrazil-2009}. Astronomy is also investigated in the area of Education, based mainly on theoretical aspects of educational socio-interacionist of Lev Semenovich Vygotsky (Vygotsky, 1991, 2008 and 2012, p. 103-117) and socio-historical cultural of Paulo Reglus Neves Freire (1979, 1982 and 1996), but when necessary and still keeping the field of constructivism, properly taking advantage of the interactionism and transdisciplinarity of Jean William Fritz Piaget (1983). Concerning Distance Education [DE], it is noted significant growth at the graduate and postgraduate courses. New challenges arise, with the establishment of an increasingly accustomed to Information and Communication Technologies [ICT] and the teaching methodologies to be used and developed, with Astronomy becoming an important instrument in the teaching-learning process associated technologies. Using the methodology of action research, we proceeded with a case study involving 26 students of the discipline of Astronomy Topics applied to Education, between November 1 and December 17, 2012, of the postgraduation courses in Distance Education at the Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul [Southern Cross University]. The results obtained permit statistical surveys therefore quantitative, but also qualitative information about the teaching-learning Astronomy by DE. Analyses of performance and progress of each student and set permit a finding interaction among those involved in the mediation of the teacher-tutor who, in turn, as a researcher also went through changes to processes meet also inserted in the role of agent or actor, while also influences and is influenced.

  12. Enhancement of Cognitive Processing by Multiple Sclerosis Patients Using Liquid Cooling Technology: A Case Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montgomery, Leslie D.; Ku, Yu-Tsuan E.; Montgomery, Richard W.; Kliss, Mark (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    Recent neuropsychological studies demonstrate that cognitive dysfunction is a common symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis. In many cases the presence of cognitive impairment affects the patient's daily activities to a greater extent than would be found due to their physical disability alone. Cognitive dysfunction can have a significant impact on the quality of life of both the patient and that of their primary caregiver. Two cognitively impaired male MS patients were given a visual discrimination task before and after a one hour cooling period. The subjects were presented a series of either red or blue circles or triangles. One of these combinations, or one fourth of the stimuli, was designated as the "target" presentation. EEG was recorded from 20 scalp electrodes using a Tracor Northern 7500 EEG/ERP system. Oral and ear temperatures were obtained and recorded manually every five minutes during the one hour cooling period. The EEG ERP signatures from each series of stimuli were analyzed in the energy density domain to determine the locus of neural activity at each EEG sampling time. The first subject's ear temperature did not decrease during the cooling period. It was actually elevated approximately 0.05 C by the end of the cooling period compared to his mean of control period value. In turn, Subject One's discrimination performance and cortical energy remained essentially the same after body cooling. In contrast, Subject Two's ear temperature decreased approx. 0.8 C during his cooling period. Subject Two's ERROR score decreased from 12 during the precooling control period to 2 after cooling. His ENERGY value increased approximately 300%, from a precooling value of approximately 200 to a postcooling value of nearly 600. These findings might be interpreted by the following three-part hypothesis: (1) the general cognitive impairment of MS patients may be a result of low or unfocused metabolic energy conversion in the cortex; (2) such differences show up most strongly in reduced energy in the occipital region during the initial processing of the precooling period visual stimulus which may indicate impaired early visual processing; and (3) increased postcooling activation in the le ft angular gyrus may result in enhanced higher-level reasoning related to processing visual task information. By this hypothesis the superior performance of Subject Two following body cooling may be a result of increased neural activation in his early visual recognition and processing centers.

  13. Evaluating technologies in reproductive health: case studies of a consumer protection approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. D. Silver; S. R. Castilho

    1998-01-01

    Objective: A consumer-protection assessment and action program aimed at improving reproductive health technologies is reviewed. Methods: Evaluations employed both literature review, synthesis, market analysis and laboratory testing for conformity to standards of a wide range of products which affect reproductive health on the Brazilian market 1995–1997. Anti-infective gynecological products, ampicillins, condoms, pregnancy tests, hormonal contraceptives, infant formulas, selected teratogens, bromocriptine

  14. Lean diesel technology and human health: a case study in six Brazilian metropolitan regions

    PubMed Central

    de André, Paulo Afonso; Veras, Mariana Matera; Miraglia, Simone Georges El Khouri; Saldiva, Paulo Hilário Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Due to their toxicity, diesel emissions have been submitted to progressively more restrictive regulations in developed countries. However, in Brazil, the implementation of the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy (Euro IV standards for vehicles produced in 2009 and low-sulfur diesel with 50 ppm of sulfur) was postponed until 2012 without a comprehensive analysis of the effect of this delay on public health parameters. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the delay in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy on health indicators and monetary health costs in Brazil. METHODS: The primary estimator of exposure to air pollution was the concentration of ambient fine particulate matter (particles with aerodynamic diameters <2.5 µm, [PM2.5]). This parameter was measured daily in six Brazilian metropolitan areas during 2007-2008. We calculated 1) the projected reduction in the PM2.5 that would have been achieved if the Euro IV standards had been implemented in 2009 and 2) the expected reduction after implementation in 2012. The difference between these two time curves was transformed into health outcomes using previous dose-response curves. The economic valuation was performed based on the DALY (disability-adjusted life years) method. RESULTS: The delay in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy will result in an estimated excess of 13,984 deaths up to 2040. Health expenditures are projected to be increased by nearly US$ 11.5 billion for the same period. CONCLUSIONS: The present results indicate that a significant health burden will occur because of the postponement in implementing the Cleaner Diesel Technologies policy. These results also reinforce the concept that health effects must be considered when revising fuel and emission policies. PMID:22760904

  15. A Case Study of the Use of Internet Photobook Technology to Enhance Early Childhood “Scientist” Identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phyllis Katz

    2011-01-01

    There are many influences on a child’s identity. Photobook technology purposefully prepared around science explorations presents\\u000a a modern opportunity to repeatedly trigger memories that reinforce the “me, as scientist” viewpoint. Semi-structured interviews\\u000a at 6 and 8 years of age were conducted with a child who was the subject of a photobook of everyday science activities to gain\\u000a insights into his thinking

  16. MWD: A Case Study in Applying New Technology in Norwegian Block 34\\/10

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. G. Teige; E. Undersrud; M. Rees

    1986-01-01

    Developments in measurement while drilling (MWD) technology have led to the successful operation of a multisensor, negative-pulse telemetry system in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. This paper describes the MWD system and discusses its application on three wells drilled in Block 34\\/10 and its advantages over a more conventional drilling program. Particular attention is paid to Well 34\\/10-20,

  17. Evaluating oversight systems for emerging technologies: a case study of genetically engineered organisms.

    PubMed

    Kuzma, Jennifer; Najmaie, Pouya; Larson, Joel

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. oversight system for genetically engineered organisms (GEOs) was evaluated to develop hypotheses and derive lessons for oversight of other emerging technologies, such as nanotechnology. Evaluation was based upon quantitative expert elicitation, semi-standardized interviews, and historical literature analysis. Through an interdisciplinary policy analysis approach, blending legal, ethical, risk analysis, and policy sciences viewpoints, criteria were used to identify strengths and weaknesses of GEOs oversight and explore correlations among its attributes and outcomes. From the three sources of data, hypotheses and broader conclusions for oversight were developed. Our analysis suggests several lessons for oversight of emerging technologies: the importance of reducing complexity and uncertainty in oversight for minimizing financial burdens on small product developers; consolidating multi-agency jurisdictions to avoid gaps and redundancies in safety reviews; consumer benefits for advancing acceptance of GEO products; rigorous and independent pre- and post-market assessment for environmental safety; early public input and transparency for ensuring public confidence; and the positive role of public input in system development, informed consent, capacity, compliance, incentives, and data requirements and stringency in promoting health and environmental safety outcomes, as well as the equitable distribution of health impacts. Our integrated approach is instructive for more comprehensive analyses of oversight systems, developing hypotheses for how features of oversight systems affect outcomes, and formulating policy options for oversight of future technological products, especially nanotechnology products. PMID:20122100

  18. Cape Wind: A Case Study in the Politics of Technology Choice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John C. Berg

    Cape Wind is a proposed commercial venture to generate electricity from 130 wind turbines mounted in a small area of Nantucket Sound. The project is generally supported by the environmentalist movement. However, its opponents have also based their case on environmental values, arguing that it would desecrate a beautiful area of great natural beauty. Proponents argue that it is no

  19. Outsourcing a High Speed Internet Access Project: An Information Technology Class Case Study in Three Parts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Platt, Richard G.; Carper, William B.; McCool, Michael

    2010-01-01

    In early 2004, the Hilton Hotels Corporation (HHC) required that all of its hotels (both owned and franchised) install high-speed Internet access (HSIA) in all of their rooms by June 2004. This case focuses on how one of its franchise properties located on the northern gulf coast of Florida (the Hilton Sandestin Beach Golf Resort &…

  20. Return on Investment and Technology-Based Training--An Introduction and a Case Study at Advanced Micro Devices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masumian, Bijan

    1999-01-01

    Summarizes findings from studies comparing classroom and technology-based approaches to training and the respective Return on Investment (ROI) data. Highlights several advantages of technology-based training. Offers information and initial ROI numbers on the use of technology-based training at Advanced Micro Devices, a global manufacturer of…

  1. Information and communication technology in disease surveillance, India: a case study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    India has made appreciable progress and continues to demonstrate a strong commitment for establishing and operating a disease surveillance programme responsive to the requirements of the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]). Within five years of its launch, India has effectively used modern information and communication technology for collection, storage, transmission and management of data related to disease surveillance and effective response. Terrestrial and/or satellite based linkages are being established within all states, districts, state-run medical colleges, infectious disease hospitals, and public health laboratories. This network enables speedy data transfer, video conferencing, training and e-learning for outbreaks and programme monitoring. A 24x7 call centre is in operation to receive disease alerts. To complement these efforts, a media scanning and verification cell functions to receive reports of early warning signals. During the 2009 H1N1 outbreak, the usefulness of the information and communication technology (ICT) network was well appreciated. India is using ICT as part of its Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) to help overcome the challenges in further expansion in hard-to-reach populations, to increase the involvement of the private sector, and to increase the use of other modes of communication like e-mail and voicemail. PMID:21143821

  2. Selected case studies of technology transfer from mission-oriented applied research

    SciTech Connect

    Daellenbach, K.K.; Watts, R.L.; Young, J.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Abarcar, R.B. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

    1992-07-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Industrial Concepts Division (AICD) under the Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) supports interdisciplinary applied research and exploratory development that will expand the knowledge base to enable industry to improve its energy efficiency and its capability to use alternative energy resources. AICD capitalizes on scientific and technical advances from the United States and abroad, applying them to address critical technical needs of American industry. As a result, AICD research and development products are many and varied, and the effective transfer of these products to diverse targeted users requires different strategies as well. This paper describes the products of AICD research, how they are transferred to potential users, and how actual transfer is determined.

  3. Advancing Geospatial Technologies in Science and Social Science: A Case Study in Collaborative Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, N. A.; Morris, J. N.; Simms, M. L.; Metoyer, S.

    2007-12-01

    The Advancing Geospatial Skills in Science and Social Sciences (AGSSS) program, funded by NSF, provides middle and high school teacher-partners with access to graduate student scientists for classroom collaboration and curriculum adaptation to incorporate and advance skills in spatial thinking. AGSSS Fellows aid in the delivery of geospatially-enhanced activities utilizing technology such as geographic information systems, remote sensing, and virtual globes. The partnership also provides advanced professional development for both participating teachers and fellows. The AGSSS program is mutually beneficial to all parties involved. This successful collaboration of scientists, teachers, and students results in greater understanding and enthusiasm for the use of spatial thinking strategies and geospatial technologies. In addition, the partnership produces measurable improvements in student efficacy and attitudes toward processes of spatial thinking. The teacher partner training and classroom resources provided by AGSSS will continue the integration of geospatial activities into the curriculum after the project concludes. Time and resources are the main costs in implementing this partnership. Graduate fellows invest considerable time and energy, outside of academic responsibilities, to develop materials for the classroom. Fellows are required to be available during K-12 school hours, which necessitates forethought in scheduling other graduate duties. However, the benefits far outweigh the costs. Graduate fellows gain experience in working in classrooms. In exchange, students gain exposure to working scientists and their research. This affords graduate fellows the opportunity to hone their communication skills, and specifically allows them to address the issue of translating technical information for a novice audience. Teacher-partners and students benefit by having scientific expertise readily available. In summation, these experiences result in changes in teacher/student perceptions of science and scientists. Evidence of the aforementioned changes are provided through external evaluation and results obtained from several assessment tools. The program also utilizes an internal evaluator to monitor participants thoughts and opinions on the previous years' collaboration. Additionally, graduate fellows maintain a reflective journal to provide insight into experiences occurring both in-class and among peers. Finally, student surveys administered prior to and concluding the academic year assess changes in student attitudes and self-perception of spatial thinking skills.

  4. Development and Evaluation of Senior High School Courses on Emerging Technology: A Case Study of a Course on Virtual Reality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chi-Tung

    2012-01-01

    In Taiwan, the National Science Council has implemented the High Scope Program (HSP) since 2006. The purpose of this study was to analyze the development and effectiveness of senior high school HSP courses on emerging technology. This study used a course on virtual reality as an example, to investigate the influence of emerging technology courses…

  5. Using electrocoagulation–electroflotation technology to treat synthetic solution and textile wastewater, two case studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Belkacem Merzouk; Khodir Madani; Abdelkrim Sekki

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the operating parameters, such as pH, initial concentration (Ci), duration of treatment (t), current density (j), interelectrode distance (d) and conductivity (?) on the treatment of a synthetic wastewater in the batch electrocoagulation (EC)–electroflotation (EF) process. The optimal operating conditions were determined and applied to a textile wastewater. Initially

  6. A case study of technology transfer: Rehabilitative engineering at Rancho Los Amigos Hospital. [prosthetic devices engineering

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hildred, W.

    1973-01-01

    The transfer of NASA technolgy to rehabilitative applications of artificial limbs is studied. Human factors engineering activities range from orthotic manipulators to tiny dc motors and transducers to detect and transmit voluntary control signals. It is found that bicarbon implant devices are suitable for medical equipment and artificial limbs because of their biological compatibility with human body fluids and tissues.

  7. External examiners in new roles: a case study at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dag Myrhaug; Walter Lian; Vidar Gynnild

    2004-01-01

    Norway has a long tradition of using external examiners during examinations and grading. However, a recently passed higher education reform requires a different use for external examiners. The Quality Reform of Higher Education calls for more learning?oriented assessment methods, allowing more feedback for students during the course of their studies. Examples of such methods are modular examinations, projects, and portfolios.

  8. A Case Study: Teaching Engineering Concepts in Science. Research in Engineering and Technology Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stricker, David R.

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to describe a teacher developed high school engineering course, to identify teaching strategies used in the process of delivering math and science literacy through this course, to identify challenges and constraints that occurred during its development and delivery, and to describe the strategies that were used to overcome…

  9. Technology Transfer in HEIs: A Case Study of Bioscience Commercialization at the University of Warwick

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gohir, Tas; Palmer, Grier

    2005-01-01

    The UK's bioscience research base is one of the country's genuine long-term economic assets. It is critically important for the UK not to repeat past mistakes, when financial exploitation of innovative and groundbreaking bioresearch went overseas. This study reviews commercialization from the Department of Biological Sciences at Warwick University…

  10. Case Studies in NASA High-Technology Risk Assessment and Management

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lambright, W. Henry

    1998-01-01

    This study discusses the approach of NASA managers in the assessment of risk in three critical decisions: the Apollo 8 decision to orbit the Moon in 1968, the servicing of the Hubble Space Telescope in 1993, and the privitization of the Space Shuttle in the latter 1990s.

  11. Science-Technology-Society literacy in college non-majors biology: Comparing problem\\/case studies based learning and traditional expository methods of instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John S. Peters

    2006-01-01

    This study used a multiple response model (MRM) on selected items from the Views on Science-Technology-Society (VOSTS) survey to examine science-technology-society (STS) literacy among college non-science majors' taught using Problem\\/Case Studies Based Learning (PBL\\/CSBL) and traditional expository methods of instruction. An initial pilot investigation of 15 VOSTS items produced a valid and reliable scoring model which can be used to

  12. Case study of a Suzhou pilot project on the suitable treatment technology for scrap computers in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jinhui Li; Huabo Duan; Wenyi Yuan

    2009-01-01

    The authors introduce their latest fruits focusing on the research of suitable treatment technology for scrap computer under present situation of China, and a case of Suzhou pilot project is constructed. The newly designed methods or combination techniques in this pilot project include: the manual-assisted dismantling procedure; the method and special equipment for separating funnel and panel glass of CRT

  13. Information technology governance domains in hospitals: a case study in Iran.

    PubMed

    Shahi, Mehraban; Sadoughi, Farahnaz; Ahmadi, Maryam

    2015-05-01

    IT governance is a set of organizational structures ensuring decision-making rights and responsibilities with regard to the organization's IT assets. This qualitative study was carried out to identify the IT governance domains in teaching hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Sciences. There were 10 heads of IT departments and 10 hospital directors. Semi structured interviews used for data collection. To analyze the data content analysis was applied. All the interviewees (100%) believed that decisions upon hospital software needs could be made in a decentralized fashion by the IT department of the university. Most of the interviewees (90%) believed that there were policies for logistics and maintenance of networks, purchase and maintenance, standards and general policies in the direction of the policies of the ministry of health and medical education. About 80% of the interviewees believed that the current emphasis of the hospital's IT unit and the hospital management for outsourcing of services were in the format of specialized contracts and under supervision of the university Statistic and IT department. A hospital strategic committee is an official organizational group consisting of hospital executives, heads of IT and multiple functional areas and business units in a hospital. In this committee, "the head of hospital" acts as the director of IT activities and ensures that IT strategies are alignment with the hospital business strategies. PMID:25948446

  14. Wearable monitoring devices for assistive technology: case studies in post-polio syndrome.

    PubMed

    Andreoni, Giuseppe; Mazzola, Marco; Perego, Paolo; Standoli, Carlo Emilio; Manzoni, Simone; Piccini, Luca; Molteni, Franco

    2014-01-01

    The correct choice and customization of an orthosis are crucial to obtain the best comfort and efficiency. This study explored the feasibility of a multivariate quantitative assessment of the functional efficiency of lower limb orthosis through a novel wearable system. Gait basographic parameters and energetic indexes were analysed during a Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT) through a cost-effective, non-invasive polygraph device, with a multichannel wireless transmission, that carried out electro-cardiograph (ECG); impedance-cardiograph (ICG); and lower-limb accelerations detection. Four subjects affected by Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) were recruited. The wearable device and the semi-automatic post-processing software provided a novel set of objective data to assess the overall efficiency of the patient-orthosis system. Despite the small number of examined subjects, the results obtained with this new approach encourage the application of the method thus enlarging the dataset to validate this promising protocol and measuring system in supporting clinical decisions and out of a laboratory environment. PMID:24469354

  15. Camera-Based Microswitch Technology for Eyelid and Mouth Responses of Persons with Profound Multiple Disabilities: Two Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Bellini, Domenico; Oliva, Doretta; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff

    2010-01-01

    These two studies assessed camera-based microswitch technology for eyelid and mouth responses of two persons with profound multiple disabilities and minimal motor behavior. This technology, in contrast with the traditional optic microswitches used for those responses, did not require support frames on the participants' face but only small color…

  16. The History, Technology, and Care of Papier-Mache: Case Study of the Conservation Treatment of a Victorian"Japan Ware"

    E-print Network

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    The History, Technology, and Care of Papier-Mache: Case Study of the Conservation Treatment to the grain of the wood. In conjunction with the treatment, the following study was undertaken to identify-mâché" literally means masticated paper, but it is also used to describe objects made of very different types

  17. Persons with Multiple Disabilities Exercise Adaptive Response Schemes with the Help of Technology-Based Programs: Three Single-Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancioni, Giulio E.; Singh, Nirbhay N.; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Oliva, Doretta; Campodonico, Francesca; Lang, Russell

    2012-01-01

    The present three single-case studies assessed the effectiveness of technology-based programs to help three persons with multiple disabilities exercise adaptive response schemes independently. The response schemes included (a) left and right head movements for a man who kept his head increasingly static on his wheelchair's headrest (Study I), (b)…

  18. A Qualitative Study on Classroom Management and Classroom Discipline Problems, Reasons, and Solutions: A Case of Information Technologies Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogan, Mehmet; Kursun, Engin; Sisman, Gulcin Tan; Saltan, Fatih; Gok, Ali; Yildiz, Ismail

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate classroom management and discipline problems that Information Technology teachers have faced, and to reveal underlying reasons and possible solutions of these problems by considering the views of parents, teachers, and administrator. This study was designed as qualitative study. Subjects of this study

  19. Teaching science to 8th graders by engaging them in a design and technology activity: A case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sidawi, Mai M.

    This study described how students can apply science concepts to a Design and Technology task. It also examined whether the students could transfer their scientific knowledge to their design of technology. The study was conducted at an urban school in Philadelphia where a sample of 36 eighth grade students were taught a science unit, Energy, Machines, and Motion, and engaged in a technology design task that was chosen based on the scientific content of the unit. Two approaches of relating teaching science to technological design were observed and described. Through the first approach, the students were given technology lessons in addition to their science lessons. This was to provide them with the technological knowledge that they needed in designing technology such as learning about the design process, selection of appropriate materials, and selection of appropriate tools and how to use them. Also, the students were taught the social skills that will enable them to develop an effective collaborative relationship with their peers such as conflict-management and brainstorming. Through the second approach, the students were taught the science unit and then at the end of the unit the students were given the design task as an assessment of their scientific knowledge. The students' experience of designing technology for each approach was described. The study was conducted using multiple tools and instruments such as observation, videotaping, interviews, and testing. The students were also given the survey PATT-USA to measure their attitude toward technology. The study showed that the students' learning of science was impacted by their weak prerequisite knowledge in science, their poor verbal and written communication skills and their style as dependent learners. Also, the study showed the great impact of the school and classroom cultures on the participation of the students in a Design and Technology activity. The students in this study showed great resistant to participating in a Design and Technology activity. The study linked that to the culture of the classroom where the technology period was considered by the students a period of "free time" to be spent mainly on the computer, playing educational games or engaged in short term, non-demanding projects.

  20. Mapping Research Activities and Technologies for Sustainability and Environmental Studies--A Case Study at University Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hara, Keishiro; Uwasu, Michinori; Kurimoto, Shuji; Yamanaka, Shinsuke; Umeda, Yasushi; Shimoda, Yoshiyuki

    2013-01-01

    Systemic understanding of potential research activities and available technology seeds at university level is an essential condition to promote interdisciplinary and vision-driven collaboration in an attempt to cope with complex sustainability and environmental problems. Nonetheless, any such practices have been hardly conducted at universities…

  1. Study of smart card technology and probe user awareness about it: A case study of Middle Eastern students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hamed Taherdoost; Mazdak Zamani; Meysam Namayandeh

    2009-01-01

    Right now, in most of the countries, inside the people's wallet, they probably have a couple of credit cards, an identification card, automatic machine teller cards (ATM card), and maybe a few other plastic cards. Without realizing it, these plastic cards have become a very important part of their life. Although smart card technology improves security and convenient but it

  2. Renewable energy and its potential for carbon emissions reductions in developing countries: Methodology for technology evaluation. Case study application to Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Corbus, D.; Martinez, M.; Rodriguez, L.; Mark, J.

    1994-08-01

    Many projects have been proposed to promote and demonstrate renewable energy technologies (RETs) in developing countries on the basis of their potential to reduce carbon emissions. However, no uniform methodology has been developed for evaluating RETs in terms of their future carbon emissions reduction potential. This study outlines a methodology for identifying RETs that have the potential for achieving large carbon emissions reductions in the future, while also meeting key criteria for commercialization and acceptability in developing countries. In addition, this study evaluates the connection between technology identification and the selection of projects that are designed to demonstrate technologies with a propensity for carbon emission reductions (e.g., Global Environmental Facility projects). Although this report applies the methodology to Mexico in a case study format, the methodology is broad based and could be applied to any developing country, as well as to other technologies. The methodology used in this report is composed of four steps: technology screening, technology identification, technology deployment scenarios, and estimates of carbon emissions reductions. The four technologies with the highest ranking in the technology identification process for the on-grid category were geothermal, biomass cogeneration, wind, and micro-/mini-hydro. Compressed natural gas (CNG) was the alternative that received the highest ranking for the transportation category.

  3. Technology Acceptance and Social Presence in Distance Education--A Case Study on the Use of Teleconference at a Postgraduate Course of the Hellenic Open University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mavroidis, Ilias; Karatrantou, Anthi; Koutsouba, Maria; Giossos, Yiannis; Papadakis, Spyros

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines specific technological and pedagogical parameters in relation to teleconference, namely the "perceived ease of use", the "perceived usefulness", the "social presence" and the "intention to use". A case study was conducted involving postgraduate students from a modular course of the School…

  4. Personal Security and Safety In Academic Libraries: A Case Study of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Library, Kumasi, Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yaw Senyah; Richard Bruce Lamptey

    2011-01-01

    This case study aims at a critical examination of the security risks to which staff of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) Library are exposed and measures put in place to deal with them. It also assesses the personal safety measures already in place with the objective of identifying their adequacy. Literature on personal security and safety in

  5. A Case Study of an Academia-Industry Partnership to Meet the Education and Training Needs in a Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics (STEM) Field

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Joseph Carl

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to provide a description of the characteristics of an academia-industry partnership that works together with industry to meet the education and training needs in a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) field. After the launch of Sputnik in 1957, U.S. pursued efforts to compete in STEM fields on…

  6. Gueudet, G. (2008). Learning mathematics with e-exercises: A case study about proportional reasoning. International Journal of Technology in Mathematics

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01

    Gueudet, G. (2008). Learning mathematics with e-exercises: A case study about proportional reasoning. International Journal of Technology in Mathematics Education, 14 1 Learning mathematics with e in class of Internet resources which propose mathematical exercises to the students' activity and learning

  7. Case study: strategic planning process used by the Texas A&M University Career Center when creating technology initiative project 

    E-print Network

    Vermillion, Mary Gail

    2005-02-17

    There is a plethora of research and literature focusing on strategic planning yet there few case studies have been done that describe the strategic planning process for university career centers. No effective strategic ...

  8. Talking Technologically in Preschool and School: Three Case Examples.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleer, Marilyn

    1996-01-01

    Three case studies provide insight into the sort of technological language that can be fostered in early childhood. The studies highlight how: (1) an early childhood teacher comes to think about and plan for technology education; (2) very young children can participate in technology education; and (3) primary grade children can become…

  9. Staff Perceptions of the Role of Technology in Experiential Learning: A Case Study from an Australian University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Challis, Di; Holt, Dale; Rice, Mary

    2005-01-01

    This paper reports on a cross-disciplinary comparative study that examines the interplay between information and communications technologies (ICT) and experiential learning, in the context of seven fields of professional practice in undergraduate education. Our central claim is that academic teachers' framing of the meaning and nature of…

  10. "Kaizen" and Technology Transfer Instructors as Work-based Learning Facilitators in Overseas Transplants: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elsey, Barry; Fujiwara, Asahi

    2000-01-01

    A study of 240 instructors of kaizen (continuous quality improvement) and technology transfer in overseas assignments for Toyota found that commitment to work and corporate cultural values were significant. Instructors recognized the responsibility and challenges of communicating and transferring their know-how across cultures. (SK)

  11. Geothermal Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Young, Katherine

    2014-09-30

    The US Geological Survey (USGS) resource assessment (Williams et al., 2009) outlined a mean 30GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal resource in the western US. One goal of the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is to accelerate the development of this undiscovered resource. The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) Blue Ribbon Panel (GTO, 2011) recommended that DOE focus efforts on helping industry identify hidden geothermal resources to increase geothermal capacity in the near term. Increased exploration activity will produce more prospects, more discoveries, and more readily developable resources. Detailed exploration case studies akin to those found in oil and gas (e.g. Beaumont, et al, 1990) will give operators a single point of information to gather clean, unbiased information on which to build geothermal drilling prospects. To support this effort, the National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) has been working with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a template for geothermal case studies on the Geothermal Gateway on OpenEI. In fiscal year 2013, the template was developed and tested with two case studies: Raft River Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Raft_River_Geothermal_Area) and Coso Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Coso_Geothermal_Area). In fiscal year 2014, ten additional case studies were completed, and additional features were added to the template to allow for more data and the direct citations of data. The template allows for: Data - a variety of data can be collected for each area, including power production information, well field information, geologic information, reservoir information, and geochemistry information. Narratives ? general (e.g. area overview, history and infrastructure), technical (e.g. exploration history, well field description, R&D activities) and geologic narratives (e.g. area geology, hydrothermal system, heat source, geochemistry.) Exploration Activity Catalog - catalog of exploration activities conducted in the area (with dates and references.) NEPA Analysis ? a query of NEPA analyses conducted in the area (that have been catalogued in the OpenEI NEPA database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  12. Global Assessment of Hydrogen Technologies – Tasks 3 & 4 Report Economic, Energy, and Environmental Analysis of Hydrogen Production and Delivery Options in Select Alabama Markets: Preliminary Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Fouad, Fouad H.; Peters, Robert W.; Sisiopiku, Virginia P.; Sullivan Andrew J.; Gillette, Jerry; Elgowainy, Amgad; Mintz, Marianne

    2007-12-01

    This report documents a set of case studies developed to estimate the cost of producing, storing, delivering, and dispensing hydrogen for light-duty vehicles for several scenarios involving metropolitan areas in Alabama. While the majority of the scenarios focused on centralized hydrogen production and pipeline delivery, alternative delivery modes were also examined. Although Alabama was used as the case study for this analysis, the results provide insights into the unique requirements for deploying hydrogen infrastructure in smaller urban and rural environments that lie outside the DOE’s high priority hydrogen deployment regions. Hydrogen production costs were estimated for three technologies – steam-methane reforming (SMR), coal gasification, and thermochemical water-splitting using advanced nuclear reactors. In all cases examined, SMR has the lowest production cost for the demands associated with metropolitan areas in Alabama. Although other production options may be less costly for larger hydrogen markets, these were not examined within the context of the case studies.

  13. Using spatial information technologies to select sites for biomass power plants: A case study in Guangdong Province, China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xun Shi; Andrew Elmore; Xia Li; Nathaniel J. Gorence; Haiming Jin; Xiaohao Zhang; Fang Wang

    2008-01-01

    Biomass is distributed over extensive areas. Therefore, transportation cost is a critical factor in planning new biomass power plants. This paper presents a case study of using remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS) to evaluate the feasibility of setting up new biomass power plants and optimizing the locations of plants in Guangdong, China. In this study, the biologically available

  14. Cases on Interdisciplinary Research Trends in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: Studies on Urban Classrooms. Advances in Educational Technologies and Instructional Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lansiquot, Reneta D.

    2013-01-01

    Involving two or more academic subjects, interdisciplinary studies aim to blend together broad perspectives, knowledge, skills, and epistemology in an educational setting. By focusing on topics or questions too broad for a single discipline to cover, these studies strive to draw connections between seemingly different fields. Cases on…

  15. Case Study: Ellen's Choice

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)

    2001-04-03

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  16. Case Study: Shark Attack

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Herbert House (Elon University Biology)

    2002-05-24

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the upper extremity. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  17. Case Study: Missing Link

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elizabeth Strasser (Sacramento State Anthropology)

    2000-09-02

    This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in physical anthropology. In particular this case study explores skull anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  18. Native American Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Evergreen State College

    The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

  19. Building the business case for group support technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brad Quinn Post

    1992-01-01

    As groupwork gains recognition, emerging group support technologies raise questions about the merits of these systems relative to group performance and return on investment. Business case variables of efficiency, quality, effectiveness, customer satisfaction and decision-making are useful in measuring the potential contribution that group support technologies offer. The author presents findings from a recent field study that used business case

  20. Operation of service quality system in academic libraries: A case study of Wuhan University of Technology Library

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pan Juying

    2011-01-01

    Providing readers with high quality information services is a forever subject for an academic library.Enhancing Total Quality Management in the academic library is not only the inevitable requirements of the era development , but also the urgent needs of scientific management of academic libraries.Using methods of document analysis and case study, this paper presents the operation of service quality system,

  1. Clusters of High Technology SMEs: The Dutch Case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Egbert Wever; Erik Stam

    1999-01-01

    WEVER E. and STAM E. (1999) Clusters of high technology SMEs: the Dutch case, Reg. Studies 33 , 391?400 . This paper examines the relevance of high technology clusters in the specific Dutch spatial context: a relatively small and homogeneous country. In this context the spatial pattern of high technology firms is congruent with, or closely follows, the general spatial

  2. Using remote sensing and GIS technology for an improved decision support: a case study of residential water use in El Paso, Texas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hongjie Xie

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of using remote sensing and geographic information system technology for extracting green-surface areas of a residential neighborhood (933.20 acres) of El Paso, Texas. Four IKONOS images (September 2000) and a parcel layer were used to identify the green-surface areas which is an important variable in modelling the outdoor water use of individual households. The

  3. The case study approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah Crowe; Kathrin Cresswell; Ann Robertson; Guro Huby; Anthony Avery; Aziz Sheikh

    2011-01-01

    The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value\\u000a of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services\\u000a research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of\\u000a case study

  4. Case Study: Football Fanaticism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

    2003-07-03

    This is a case study for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  5. LITEE Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The LITEE team has developed case studies designed to enhance student learning through direct participation in the decision-making process and development of higher-level cognitive skills. Case studies increase student interest in the engineering field and improve retention in engineering programs. Case Studies include lessons incorporating several different types of business models and are available to view online for free.

  6. Redefining Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob VanWynsberghe; Samia Khan

    In this paper the authors propose a more precise and encompass- ing definition of case study than is usually found. They support their defini- tion by clarifying that case study is neither a method nor a methodology nor a research design as suggested by others. They use a case study prototype of their own design to propose common properties of

  7. Case study research.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Ruth; Thomas-Gregory, Annette

    2015-06-10

    This article describes case study research for nursing and healthcare practice. Case study research offers the researcher an approach by which a phenomenon can be investigated from multiple perspectives within a bounded context, allowing the researcher to provide a 'thick' description of the phenomenon. Although case study research is a flexible approach for the investigation of complex nursing and healthcare issues, it has methodological challenges, often associated with the multiple methods used in individual studies. These are explored through examples of case study research carried out in practice and education settings. An overview of what constitutes 'good' case study research is proposed. PMID:26058651

  8. Measuring efficiency and productivity growth of new technology-based firms in business incubators: the Portuguese case study of Madan Parque.

    PubMed

    Grilo, A; Santos, J

    2015-01-01

    Business incubators can play a major role in helping to turn a business idea into a technology-based organization that is economically efficient. However, there is a shortage in the literature regarding the efficiency evaluation and productivity evolution of the new technology-based firms (NTBFs) in the incubation scope. This study develops a model based on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology, which allows the incubated NTBFs to evaluate and improve the efficiency of their management. Moreover, the Malmquist index is used to examine productivity change. The index is decomposed into multiple components to give insights into the root sources of productivity change. The proposed model was applied in a case study with 13 NTBFs incubated. From that study, we conclude that inefficient firms invest excessively in research and development (R&D), and, on average, firms have a productivity growth in the period of study. PMID:25874266

  9. Application of 3D laser scanning technology in historical building preservation: a case study of a Chinese temple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chang, Yu Min; Lu, Nien Hua; Wu, Tsung Chiang

    2005-06-01

    This study applies 3D Laser scanning technology to develop a high-precision measuring system for digital survey of historical building. It outperformed other methods in obtaining abundant high-precision measuring points and computing data instantly. In this study, the Pei-tien Temple, a Chinese Taoism temple in southern Taiwan famous for its highly intricate architecture and more than 300-year history, was adopted as the target to proof the high accuracy and efficiency of this system. By using French made MENSI GS-100 Laser Scanner, numerous measuring points were precisely plotted to present the plane map, vertical map and 3D map of the property. Accuracies of 0.1-1 mm in the digital data have consistently been achieved for the historical heritage measurement.

  10. DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS CASE METHODOLOGY GUIDE & WORKBOOK

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, Ken; Lawrie, Sean; Hart, Adam; Vlahoplus, Chris

    2014-09-01

    Performance advantages of the new digital technologies are widely acknowledged, but it has proven difficult for utilities to derive business cases for justifying investment in these new capabilities. Lack of a business case is often cited by utilities as a barrier to pursuing wide-scale application of digital technologies to nuclear plant work activities. The decision to move forward with funding usually hinges on demonstrating actual cost reductions that can be credited to budgets and thereby truly reduce O&M or capital costs. Technology enhancements, while enhancing work methods and making work more efficient, often fail to eliminate workload such that it changes overall staffing and material cost requirements. It is critical to demonstrate cost reductions or impacts on non-cost performance objectives in order for the business case to justify investment by nuclear operators. This Business Case Methodology approaches building a business case for a particular technology or suite of technologies by detailing how they impact an operator in one or more of the three following areas: Labor Costs, Non-Labor Costs, and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Key to those impacts will be identifying where the savings are “harvestable,” meaning they result in an actual reduction in headcount and/or cost. The report consists of a Digital Technology Business Case Methodology Guide and an accompanying spreadsheet workbook that will enable the user to develop a business case.

  11. The Socialization of Technology Teachers: Two Unique Cases.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Ron

    1998-01-01

    Two case studies of beginning technology teachers who used reflective practices illustrate their predispositions about teaching and learning, problematic aspects of professional socialization, and the relationship between socialization and experiential learning; (SK)

  12. The implications of cost-effectiveness analysis of medical technology. Background paper number 2: case studies of medical technologies. Case study number 13: cardiac radionuclide imaging and cost effectiveness

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-05-01

    Cardiac radionuclide imaging is a new and rapidly expanding diagnostic technology that promises to make significant contributions to the diagnosis and management of heart disease. Dynamic changes are occurring in the technology at the same time diffusion is taking place. The combination of diffusion and technological development creates an imperative for careful evaluation and prospective planning. Clinical applications of cardiac imaging include the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, evaluation of cardiac function abnormalities, verification of the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), and monitoring of patients under treatment for establishing cardiac disease. The report describes the dimensions of the technology of cardiac radionuclide imaging. Information is summarized on the industry producing radionuclide imaging equipment, on clinical applications of technology, and on the costs and efficacies of the various techniques. Finally, formulation of some of the issues involved in the assessment of the technology's cost effectiveness is presented.

  13. Economic impact of stimulated technological activity. Part 3: Case study, knowledge additions and earth links from space crew systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1971-01-01

    A case study of knowledge contributions from the crew life support aspect of the manned space program is reported. The new information needed to be learned, the solutions developed, and the relation of new knowledge gained to earthly problems were investigated. Illustrations are given in the following categories: supplying atmosphere for spacecraft; providing carbon dioxide removal and recycling; providing contaminant control and removal; maintaining the body's thermal balance; protecting against the space hazards of decompression, radiation, and meteorites; minimizing fire and blast hazards; providing adequate light and conditions for adequate visual performance; providing mobility and work physiology; and providing adequate habitability.

  14. Perspectives on Educational Technology. Educational Technology Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

    Conducted by the State Office of Education in cooperation with IBM Corporation, this study was designed to examine the uses of technology in Utah schools and how the implementation of technology could greatly assist the educational process. Six objectives are specified in Section I: (1) design state-of-the-art technological models to be offered by…

  15. HURI SURI: Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The HURI SURI project is developing a regional biotechnology workforce pipeline by expanding and supporting biotechnology research experiences for Jamestown Community College (JCC) undergraduates and disseminating these research experiences and materials to area high school teachers and students. This page includes two case studies, "Mosquito and walbachia" and "Heartworm Experimental Design." Students will examine these case studies and then complete the worksheet for the SCA in class case study

  16. Research on the role of Industrial Technological Innovation Service Platform in regional innovation: A case study of Hangzhou Platform of Apiculture Technological Innovation Service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaodong Zheng; Yueqian Xu

    2010-01-01

    Industrial Technology Innovation Service Platform is an important content in the technological innovation system, in accordance with the requests of system integration, allocation optimization and sharing, in order to integrate a wide range of innovative carriers and resources and provide public innovation services within the region. This paper, Hangzhou Platform of Apiculture Technology Innovation Service as an example, analyzed the

  17. An application of multiattribute decision analysis to the Space Station Freedom program. Case study: Automation and robotics technology evaluation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Jeffrey H.; Levin, Richard R.; Carpenter, Elisabeth J.

    1990-01-01

    The results are described of an application of multiattribute analysis to the evaluation of high leverage prototyping technologies in the automation and robotics (A and R) areas that might contribute to the Space Station (SS) Freedom baseline design. An implication is that high leverage prototyping is beneficial to the SS Freedom Program as a means for transferring technology from the advanced development program to the baseline program. The process also highlights the tradeoffs to be made between subsidizing high value, low risk technology development versus high value, high risk technology developments. Twenty one A and R Technology tasks spanning a diverse array of technical concepts were evaluated using multiattribute decision analysis. Because of large uncertainties associated with characterizing the technologies, the methodology was modified to incorporate uncertainty. Eight attributes affected the rankings: initial cost, operation cost, crew productivity, safety, resource requirements, growth potential, and spinoff potential. The four attributes of initial cost, operations cost, crew productivity, and safety affected the rankings the most.

  18. Holocaust and strategic bombing: case studies in the psychology, organization, and technology of mass killing in the twentieth century

    SciTech Connect

    Markusen, E.R.

    1986-01-01

    After preliminary discussion of the unprecedented scale of mass killing in the twentieth century, the threat of nuclear war, and the widespread neglect of these issues, the literature on two major types of government sanctioned mass killing is reviewed; genocide, in which a government slaughters its own citizens or subjects, and total war, in which two or more governments slaughter each other's civilian citizens or subjects. This literature review reaches two basic conclusions: (1) there is considerable inconsistency and ambiguity among definitions of genocide and total war; and (2) there is a controversy regarding how distinct or similar the two forms of mass killing actually are. A comparative historical analysis was undertaken in which the Nazi Holocaust was selected as an example of genocide, and the Allied strategic bombing campaigns during World War II were selected to exemplify total war. The two cases are compared in terms of a conceptual framework of five hypothesized facilitating factors. On the basis of this comparative analysis, four or the five hypothesized facilitating factors are found to have played important roles in both cases. The findings of the study are discussed, and their implications for the threat of nuclear holocaust are explored.

  19. Case study evaluation.

    PubMed Central

    Keen, J.; Packwood, T.

    1995-01-01

    Case study evaluations, using one or more qualitative methods, have been used to investigate important practical and policy questions in health care. This paper describes the features of a well designed case study and gives examples showing how qualitative methods are used in evaluations of health services and health policy. Images p446-a PMID:7640596

  20. TECHNOLOGICAL STUDIES THE STARFISH

    E-print Network

    favorable. Star- fish spawning usually starts in June, some two to six weeks earlier than oyster spawningTECHNOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE STARFISH FISHERY LEAFLET 391 FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE United States OF THE STARFISH FISHERY LEAFLET 391 FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE United States Department oi the Interioi Washington

  1. Geosynchronous Technology Infusion Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hilliard, L.; Jenstrom, D.; Chesters, D.; Racette, P.

    1997-01-01

    NASA and NOAA are now sponsoring Advanced Geosynchronous Studies (AGeoS), technology work that will lead to the next generation of space sensors located in geosynchronous orbit. This report briefly describes the initial steps being taken to investigate the high priority geosynchronous measurement needs identified so far.

  2. Teachers' Interpretations of the Internet. An Applied Case Study for the Evaluation of Technological Frames of Reference

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Camilleri, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    In 1994 Orlikowski and Gash articulated Technological Frames of Reference as a systematic theoretical lens to examine technological developments in organisations. A decade later, in 2004, Davidson and Pai expressed concern that while the lens was widely cited in academic discourse, the incidence and adoption of the model as an analytical framework…

  3. Linking Learning Activities and Assessment Activities to Learning Outcomes and Assessment Standards When Teaching Technology: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potgieter, Calvyn

    2013-01-01

    In this article the results of a critical reflection on the analysis of 564 technology education lesson plans are discussed. The critical reflection draws on the responses of approximately 120 South African technology education teachers in a teaching practice workbook where they had to choose a project and base five lessons on the project. The…

  4. Title: Tailoring Food Science and Technology to endogenous patterns of Food Supply - A case study in Northern Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wilhelmina Quaye

    An on-going interdisciplinary PhD interdisciplinary research aimed at tailoring Food Science and Technology to endogenous patterns of Food Supply is being implemented in Ghana, India and Ecuador. The interdisciplinary team comprised of plant breeder, food technologist, nutritionist and social scientist who influence each other. The research hypothesis is that conventional technology practices, developed from the idea of global chains, are

  5. Knowledge management impact of information technology Web 2.0/3.0. The case study of agent software technology usability in knowledge management system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    So?tysik-Piorunkiewicz, Anna

    2015-02-01

    How we can measure the impact of internet technology Web 2.0/3.0 for knowledge management? How we can use the Web 2.0/3.0 technologies for generating, evaluating, sharing, organizing knowledge in knowledge-based organization? How we can evaluate it from user-centered perspective? Article aims to provide a method for evaluate the usability of web technologies to support knowledge management in knowledge-based organizations of the various stages of the cycle knowledge management, taking into account: generating knowledge, evaluating knowledge, sharing knowledge, etc. for the modern Internet technologies based on the example of agent technologies. The method focuses on five areas of evaluation: GUI, functional structure, the way of content publication, organizational aspect, technological aspect. The method is based on the proposed indicators relating respectively to assess specific areas of evaluation, taking into account the individual characteristics of the scoring. Each of the features identified in the evaluation is judged first point wise, then this score is subject to verification and clarification by means of appropriate indicators of a given feature. The article proposes appropriate indicators to measure the impact of Web 2.0/3.0 technologies for knowledge management and verification them in an example of agent technology usability in knowledge management system.

  6. Case Study: A Case of a Pheochromocytoma

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2004-10-29

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores endocrinology mechanisms. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  7. Case Study: Case of the Crying Baby

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kari Mergenhagen (James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Infectious Disease)

    2003-09-15

    This is a case study for undergraduate, graduate and professional students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the renal anatomy and physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  8. Preparation to teach agricultural mechanics: a qualitative case study of expert agricultural science and technology teachers in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Ford, Richard Kirby

    2006-04-12

    Since federal legislation in 1917 and the widespread program growth in the 1930?s, agricultural mechanics has been a major part of the high school agricultural science and technology curriculum. Local programs integrated ...

  9. A case study in science and technology diplomacy : understanding diplomats' technical competency and interaction with technical experts

    E-print Network

    Newsome, Sherrica Shawnyae

    2010-01-01

    As science and technology are increasingly at the center of global issues, diplomats are less capable of effectively completing their work without heavily relying on scientists and engineers for clarification and insight. ...

  10. Design and deploy : iterative methods in adapting mobile technologies for data acquisition : a case study in St. Louis, Missouri

    E-print Network

    Butts, Kuan

    2014-01-01

    Advancements in mobile technology provide the opportunity to explore not only how data gathering (e.g., surveying) can be eased through digital input mechanisms, but also how such devices can bring new resolution to data ...

  11. Ally or Acquire? Case Studies of Compaq and Cisco as Additional Tests of the External Technology Life Cycle Model

    E-print Network

    Roberts, Edward B.

    2003-09-16

    In our first paper we proposed a dynamic theory relating alliances and acquisitions to the evolution of a technology and the market it serves. Industry structure and critical success factors change as the underlying ...

  12. Case Study: Trigger Cases Versus Capstone Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2008-12-01

    Is it better to use a case at the beginning of a topic or at the end? To answer this, we need to examine both trigger and capstone cases in terms of their goals. The answer is not so inscrutable--it clearly depends upon your goal. Both trigger and capstone cases have their place, but the author would contend that if you wish to really engage a student in a subject, one can hardly do better than to start with an interesting, current, and controversial topic. And even if you sneak in a bunch of scientific lingo that initially doesn't make sense, a trigger case can surely prompt a student to want to learn more about the topic. And that is one heck of a great way to begin a day.

  13. Pathology Case Study: Hydrocephalus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

  14. Low cost monitoring from space using Landsat TM time series and open source technologies: the case study of Iguazu park

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nole, Gabriele; Lasaponara, Rosa

    2015-04-01

    Up to nowadays, satellite data have become increasingly available, thus offering a low cost or even free of charge unique tool, with a great potential for operational monitoring of vegetation cover, quantitative assessment of urban expansion and urban sprawl, as well as for monitoring of land use changes and soil consumption. This growing observational capacity has also highlighted the need for research efforts aimed at exploring the potential offered by data processing methods and algorithms, in order to exploit as much as possible this invaluable space-based data source. The work herein presented concerns an application study on the monitoring of vegetation cover and urban sprawl conducted with the use of satellite Landsat TM data. The selected test site is the Iguazu park highly significant, being it one of the most threatened global conservation priorities (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/303/). In order to produce synthetic maps of the investigated areas to monitor the status of vegetation and ongoing subtle changes, satellite Landsat TM data images were classified using two automatic classifiers, Maximum Likelihood (MLC) and Support Vector Machines (SVMs) applied by changing setting parameters, with the aim to compare their respective performances in terms of robustness, speed and accuracy. All process steps have been developed integrating Geographical Information System and Remote Sensing, and adopting free and open source software. Results pointed out that the SVM classifier with RBF kernel was generally the best choice (with accuracy higher than 90%) among all the configurations compared, and the use of multiple bands globally improves classification. One of the critical elements found in the case of monitoring of urban area expansion is given by the presence of urban garden mixed with urban fabric. The use of different configurations for the SVMs, i.e. different kernels and values of the setting parameters, allowed us to calibrate the classifier also to cope with a specific need, as in our case, to achieve a reliable discrimination of urban from non urban areas. Acknowledgement This research was performed within the framework of the Great relevance project " Smart management of cultural heritage sites in Italy and Argentina: Earth Observation and pilot projects funded by the Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale --MAE, 17/04/2014, Prot. nr. 0090692, 2014-2016

  15. A case study in technology utilization: Industrial products and practices. [summary of benefits to national economy resulting from space programs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    In pursuit of such missions as Apollo, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration has called into being unique equipment that obviously has little direct application beyond the achievement of mission objectives. Yet, to assume that further direct application of space program hardware is somehow a measure of the industrial benefits accruing to the nation is to misunderstand how the creation of new technology affects modern industrial capability. This document presents a profile of the significant ways in which technological developments in response to aerospace mission requirements have been coupled into industrial practice, with the result being that improved products and processes are now being utilized to benefit the nation.

  16. Evaluating odour control technologies using reliability and sustainability criteria--a case study for water treatment plants.

    PubMed

    Kraakman, N J R; Estrada, J M; Lebrero, R; Cesca, J; Muńoz, R

    2014-01-01

    Technologies for odour control have been widely reviewed and their optimal range of application and performance has been clearly established. Selection criteria, mainly driven by process economics, are usually based on the air flow volume, the inlet concentrations and the required removal efficiency. However, these criteria are shifting with social and environmental issues becoming as important as process economics. A methodology is illustrated to quantify sustainability and robustness of odour control technology in the context of odour control at wastewater treatment or water recycling plants. The most commonly used odour abatement techniques (biofiltration, biotrickling filtration, activated carbon adsorption, chemical scrubbing, activated sludge diffusion and biotrickling filtration coupled with activated carbon adsorption) are evaluated in terms of: (1) sustainability, with quantification of process economics, environmental performance and social impact using the sustainability metrics of the Institution of Chemical Engineers; (2) sensitivity towards design and operating parameters like utility prices (energy and labour), inlet odour concentration (H2S) and design safety (gas contact time); (3) robustness, quantifications of operating reliability, with recommendations to improve reliability during their lifespan of operations. The results show that the odour treatment technologies with the highest investments presented the lowest operating costs, which means that the net present value (NPV) should be used as a selection criterion rather than investment costs. Economies of scale are more important in biotechniques (biofiltration and biotrickling filtration) as, at increased airflows, their reduction in overall costs over 20 years (NPV20) is more extreme when compared to the physical/chemical technologies (chemical scrubbing and activated carbon filtration). Due to their low NPV and their low environmental impact, activated sludge diffusion and biotrickling filtration are in general the most cost-effective, and probably the technologies to be considered first for odour treatment in a wastewater treatment or water recycling plant. When, in an economical and risk evaluation, the reliability is counted to be as relevant as the overall costs, a hybrid technology (biotrickling filtration with activated carbon polishing) would be comparable to biotrickling filtration and activated sludge diffusion as the most preferred technologies, when all technologies are designed to have a 99% reduction of H2S and a 95% reduction of the odour concentration. PMID:24718332

  17. New and Innovative Library Services: Moving with Web 2.0 / Library 2.0 Technology, a Case Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahu, H. K.; Pathak, S. K.; Singh, S. N.

    2010-10-01

    We give an overview and definition of Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 technology, especially addressing how it changes access to collections for users. We also describe its unlimited possibilities. The various components of Library 2.0 viz blogs, wikis, RSS, instant messaging, social networking, podcasting, and tagging are briefly summarized. Initiatives at three special information centers and libraries (IUCAA — Astronomy and Astrophysics; IIT — Science and Technology; and NIV — Viral Diseases) are described. We conclude with a futuristic view of Library 2.0.

  18. MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS CASE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The case studies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...

  19. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  20. From consultation to deliberation? A qualitative case study of governing science and technology projects for the public good

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Theo Papaioannou

    2012-01-01

    The concept of ‘public consultation’ and the idea of ‘democratic deliberation’ describe different forms of engagement of various citizens and stakeholders in the governance of science and technology projects (STPs). On the one hand, public consultation is concerned with enhancing the quality of decisions through public understanding of a complex STP. On the other hand, democratic deliberation is concerned with

  1. From consultation to deliberation? A qualitative case study of governing science and technology projects for the public good

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Theo Papaioannou

    2011-01-01

    The concept of ‘public consultation’ and the idea of ‘democratic deliberation’ describe different forms of engagement of various citizens and stakeholders in the governance of science and technology projects (STPs). On the one hand, public consultation is concerned with enhancing the quality of decisions through public understanding of a complex STP. On the other hand, democratic deliberation is concerned with

  2. Elementary Teachers' Perceptions of Technology as a Catalyst for Constructivist Practices in the Classroom: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menard, Lynne Brown

    2010-01-01

    This research described and analyzed teachers' perceptions of technology as a catalyst for stimulating classroom constructivist practices. The teachers were located at multiple schools in one Florida county. The teachers were selected based on participation in the Education through Dynamic Global Experiences (EDGE) program. This One-to-One program…

  3. Technology Enhanced Learning: Virtual Realities; Concrete Results--Case Study on the Impact of TEL on Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Khatib, Hayat

    2011-01-01

    Technology Enhanced Learning is a feature of 21st century education. Innovations in ICT have provided unbound access to information in support of the learning process (APTEL, 2010; Allert et al, 2002; Baldry et al, 2006; Frustenberg et al, 2001; Sarkis, 2010). LMS has been extensively put to use in universities and educational institutions to…

  4. In-Service Assistive Technology Training to Support People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Assistive technology (AT) benefits many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The appropriate application of accommodation solutions, whether they involve the use of AT or not, can be a complex process involving a team of people with various backgrounds. This article describes an in-service AT training program that…

  5. Information Technology Infusion Case Study: Integrating Google Earth(Trademark) into the A-Train Data Depot

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Smith, Peter; Kempler, Steven; Leptoukh, Gregory; Chen, Aijun

    2010-01-01

    This poster paper represents the NASA funded project that was to employ the latest three dimensional visualization technology to explore and provide direct data access to heterogeneous A-Train datasets. Google Earth (tm) provides foundation for organizing, visualizing, publishing and synergizing Earth science data .

  6. State-of-The-Art Technologies Used in Training Delivery and Administration at the Institute of Public Administration: Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewain, Saleh A. S.

    2005-01-01

    The Institute of Public Administration (IPA), in Saudi Arabia, is a well renowned training institution designated for training civil servants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This paper mainly discusses the uses of technologies in the administrative aspects of the IPA. The author also points out the obstacles faced and lessons learned from the…

  7. The processing technology and electronic packaging of CVD diamond: a case study for GaAs\\/CVD diamond plastic packages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip M. Fabis

    2002-01-01

    The demand for increased performance, increased reliability, and low cost from commercial off-the-shelf electronics technologies has increased the viability assessment efforts for a plethora of new materials targeting the electronics packaging industry. Over the last decade, a widening acceptance of CVD diamond (CVDD) as an engineered material has been due, in part, to its demonstrated performance advantages in monolithic, discrete,

  8. Twenty-First Century Learning in Schools: A Case Study of New Technology High School in Napa, California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearlman, Bob

    2006-01-01

    When one walks into the classrooms at New Technology High School (NTHS) in Napa, California, he or she will see that students there are always at work: writing journals online, doing research on the Internet, meeting in groups to plan and make their Web sites and their digital media presentations, and evaluating their peers for collaboration and…

  9. Integrating active, passive and EMI-filter functions in power electronics systems:a case study of some technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacobus Daniel van Wyk; Fred C. Lee; Zhenxian Liang; Rengang Chen; Shuo Wang; Bing Lu

    2005-01-01

    Assemblies of power semiconductor switches and their associated drive circuits are at present available in modules. Upward into the multi-kilowatt range, mixed mode module construction is used. This incorporates monolithic, hybrid, surface mount, and wirebond technology. However, a close examination of the applications in motor drives and power supplies indicates that there has been no dramatic volume reduction of the

  10. The Limits of Empowerment in Anti-Nuclear Advocacy: A Case Study of Adult Education for Technological Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Regnier, Robert; Penna, Phillip

    1996-01-01

    Using a theory of technological literacy, analysis of a project to oppose uranium mining in Saskatchewan revealed how the potential for empowerment is often overstated. Informing citizens to participate in critical discourse does not always lead to decisions reflecting their interests. (SK)

  11. Twenty-first century learning in schools: A case study of New Technology High School in Napa, California.

    PubMed

    Pearlman, Bob

    2006-01-01

    The most pertinent question concerning teaching and learning in the twenty-first century is not what knowledge and skills students need--that laundry list was identified over a decade ago--but rather how to foster twenty-first century learning. What curricula, experiences, assessments, environments, and technology best support twenty-first century learning? New Technology High School (NTHS) in Napa, California, is one example of a successful twenty-first century school. In this chapter, the author describes the components of this exemplary high school, illustrating an environment that will cultivate twenty-first century student learning. New Technology High School began by defining eight learning outcomes, aligned with the standards of the Partnership for 21st Century Skills; to graduate, students demonstrate mastery of these outcomes through an online portfolio. To help students achieve the outcomes, NTHS employs project- and problem-based learning. Whereas in traditional classrooms students work alone on short-term assignments that do not lend themselves to deep understanding, the project-based learning approach has students working in teams on long-term, in-depth, rigorous projects. Students' work is supported by the school's workplace-like environment and effectiv use of technology. Meaningful assessment is essential to project-based learning; students receive continuous feedback, helping them become self-directed learners. In fact, NTHS uses outcome-based grading through which students constantly know how they are performing on the twenty-first century outcomes. Research has shown that NTHS graduates are better prepared for postsecondary education, careers, and citizenship than their peers from other schools. To facilitate twenty-first century learning, all schools need to rethink their approach to teaching and learning. New Technology High School is one way to do so. PMID:17017260

  12. Applying Task-Technology Fit Model to the Healthcare Sector: a Case Study of Hospitals' Computed Tomography Patient-Referral Mechanism.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ping-Shun; Yu, Chun-Jen; Chen, Gary Yu-Hsin

    2015-08-01

    With the growth in the number of elderly and people with chronic diseases, the number of hospital services will need to increase in the near future. With myriad of information technologies utilized daily and crucial information-sharing tasks performed at hospitals, understanding the relationship between task performance and information system has become a critical topic. This research explored the resource pooling of hospital management and considered a computed tomography (CT) patient-referral mechanism between two hospitals using the information system theory framework of Task-Technology Fit (TTF) model. The TTF model could be used to assess the 'match' between the task and technology characteristics. The patient-referral process involved an integrated information framework consisting of a hospital information system (HIS), radiology information system (RIS), and picture archiving and communication system (PACS). A formal interview was conducted with the director of the case image center on the applicable characteristics of TTF model. Next, the Icam DEFinition (IDEF0) method was utilized to depict the As-Is and To-Be models for CT patient-referral medical operational processes. Further, the study used the 'leagility' concept to remove non-value-added activities and increase the agility of hospitals. The results indicated that hospital information systems could support the CT patient-referral mechanism, increase hospital performance, reduce patient wait time, and enhance the quality of care for patients. PMID:26126414

  13. Case study: technology initiative led to advanced lead optimization screening processes at Bristol-Myers Squibb, 2004-2009.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Litao; Cvijic, Mary Ellen; Lippy, Jonathan; Myslik, James; Brenner, Stephen L; Binnie, Alastair; Houston, John G

    2012-07-01

    In this paper, we review the key solutions that enabled evolution of the lead optimization screening support process at Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) between 2004 and 2009. During this time, technology infrastructure investment and scientific expertise integration laid the foundations to build and tailor lead optimization screening support models across all therapeutic groups at BMS. Together, harnessing advanced screening technology platforms and expanding panel screening strategy led to a paradigm shift at BMS in supporting lead optimization screening capability. Parallel SAR and structure liability relationship (SLR) screening approaches were first and broadly introduced to empower more-rapid and -informed decisions about chemical synthesis strategy and to broaden options for identifying high-quality drug candidates during lead optimization. PMID:22425710

  14. The Research of Integrating Information Technology with Problem-based Learning in Engineering Education: A Case study of English Instruction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shao-Tsu CHU; Yu-Wen CHU; Yo-Ming CHENG

    This research aimed at exploring the instructional efficacy of integrating information technology with problem-based learning (PBL) in English instruction. This research adopted self-made multi-media creative teaching materials and designed various teaching activities, including brainstorming skills, creative thinking instruction, movie instruction, group discussion, creative menu design, radio drama, English songs, games and homework sharing time. Learning objectives were set by students

  15. Water pollution control technology and strategy for river–lake systems: a case study in Gehu Lake and Taige Canal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yimin Zhang; Yongchun Zhang; Yuexiang Gao; Houhu Zhang; Jianying Cao; Jinbang Cai; Xiangji Kong

    2011-01-01

    The Taoge water system is located in the upstream of Taihu Lake basin and is characterized by its multi-connected rivers and\\u000a lakes. In this paper, current analyses of hydrology, hydrodynamics and water pollution of Gehu Lake and Taige Canal are presented.\\u000a Several technologies are proposed for pollution prevention and control, and water environmental protection in the Taihu Lake\\u000a basin. These

  16. Ground Improvement Technologies and Case Histories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. F. Leung; R. F. Shen; J. Chu

    This book includes the keynote lectures written by international renowned researchers and specialists which reflect the state-of-the-practice on the topics discussed on Ground Improvement Technologies and Case Histories. It is heartening to note that 94 papers from 22 countries are included in this book. These papers were selected after a rigorous review process and these papers provides a platform for

  17. Nuclear medicine case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, H.N. Jr.

    1986-01-01

    This text presents case studies in nuclear medicine which emphasize the diagnosis of the patient's problem rather than the technical performance of the procedure. The book is arranged by organ systems and each section begins with a description of the technique and findings in a normal study.

  18. Press-to-zirconia: a case study utilizing cad/cam technology and the wax injection method.

    PubMed

    Helvey, Gregg A

    2006-10-01

    Computer technology is increasingly becoming an effective tool in restorative dentistry. Whether chairside or laboratory-fabricated, computer-aided design/ computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) engineering has become widely accepted in the fabrication of dental restorations. Zirconia has been successfully used in medical therapy and is now considered a viable alternative to metal as a substrate in single- and multiple-unit fixed restorations. Proper tooth preparation and handling of this material is essential for a successful outcome. This presentation will discuss how CAD/CAM systems can utilize zirconia frameworks to provide treatment of a maxillary anterior restoration. PMID:17139944

  19. Ventilation technologies scoping study

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2003-09-30

    This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the needs of California, determining residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and level of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).

  20. Remote sensing technology transfer in enviromental management: application of a theory of information; a case study of moose habitat assessment for gas field development planning

    SciTech Connect

    Aronoff, S.

    1982-01-01

    Use of the information theory is illustrated by a case study of the application of Landsat visual and digital analysis to the identification of critical winter moose habitat in the foothills of west-central Alberta, Canada.The potential benefits of the study are considered in relation to the information needs of the client, Amoco Canada. These needs include a biophysical inventory and route and site location. The remote sensing application development process is related to the objectives and criteria for effective technology transfer. A ''user-driven'' approach in which the application development follows from the changing information needs of the planning project is identified as one of the key elements of a successful transfer process. Specialists associated with organizations producing remotely sensed data products, in an effort to promote the use of the technology, can compromise the effectiveness of environmental planning process. However an independent application scientist, freed of the transfer mission, may be more flexible. The products of remote sensing are informaion products that, by their nature, can be a source of power. As a consequence, the availability of remote sensing products and analysis capability has important political power in favor of resource development. In view of their political nature, decisions affecting the price of image data in the public domain should be considered as public policy decisions and not simply as economic decisions.

  1. Case Study of PBL Seminar Class Applying Small Team-Based Competition Approach in Kushiro National College of Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ishiyama, Toshihiko; Nakajima, Yoko; Kamiya, Akimoto

    This paper describes the PBL (Project-Based Learning) method which is applied to the seminar class at the Advanced Course of Electronic and Information Systems Engineering in Kushiro National College of Technology. The PBL method is an educational technique used for students to develop problem-solving skills through a self-directed learning process, in which students are responsible to identify problems and explore possible solutions. A small team-based competition approach which is applied by companies in developing trial product is employed in the seminar, aiming at developing students? problem-solving skills. Subjects which contain two solutions or more are applied for the seminar class. During the problem-solving process, the students are also expected to learn the practical knowledge and skills.

  2. The roles of information technology in global chain supply: a multiple case study of multinational companies of China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Mao; Duan, Wanchun

    2007-12-01

    Nowadays many Chinese companies have being becoming more and more international. Therefore, these Chinese companies have to face global supply chains rather than the former domestic ones. The use of information technology (IT) is considered a prerequisite for the effective control of today's complex global supply chains. Based on empirical data from 10 multinational companies of China, this paper presents a classification of the ways in which companies use IT in SCM, and examines the drivers for these different utilization types. According to the findings of this research, the purposes of using of IT in SCM can be divided into 1) transaction processing, 2) supply chain planning and collaboration, and 3) order tracking and delivery coordination. The findings further suggest that the drivers between these three uses of IT in SCM differ.

  3. Adoption of Computer Aided Software Engineering (CASE) Technology: An Innovation Adoption Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Premkumar; Michael Potter

    1995-01-01

    This study examines the impact of various organizational and technology characteristics on the adoption of computer aided software engineering (CASE) technology. Based on research in innovation adoption and IS implementation, the study develops a research model comprised of seven factors that are important for the successful adoption of CASE technology. The data for the study were collected through a field

  4. Track and Trace Case Studies Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Kelepouris; Tom Baynham; Duncan McFarlane

    2006-01-01

    Report Abstract: As part of the track and trace theme of the Aero-ID programme, a series of case studies are being undertaken to establish the role of identification technologies can play in improving tracking and tracing. This report presents some initial results from two case studies focused on track and trace operations, which took place at a distribution centre for

  5. Pathology Case Study: Epilepsy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    French, Jacqueline A.

    This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 27-year-old female presents with a history of seizures. A detailed patient history along with gross and microscopic images of the patientâ??s brain are included in this case study. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  6. Group Communication Media Choice and the Use of Information and Communication Technology to Support Learning: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdul Karim, Nor Shariza; Heckman, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This paper reports a study conducted longitudinally to investigate group communication media choice and the use of a web-based learning tool, as well as other types of communication media, such as e-mail, telephone, and face-to-face, for communication and collaboration to complete given tasks. Design/methodology/approach: This study was…

  7. Case Study: Ecosystem Transformations

    E-print Network

    Nippert, Jesse

    142 Chapter 15 Case Study: Ecosystem Transformations Along The Colorado Front Range: Prairie Dog-tailed prairie dog. Directional changes in climate and atmospheric chemistry are altering the environment foothills and mixed-grass to short-grass prairie. Among these direc- tional changes are elevated average

  8. Case Studies in Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeakes, Samuel J.

    1989-01-01

    A case study writing exercise used in a course on parasitology was found to be a powerful learning experience for students because it involved discipline-based technical writing and terminology, brought the students in as evaluators, applied current learning, caused interaction among all students, and simulated real professional activities. (MSE)

  9. Geothermal Case Studies

    DOE Data Explorer

    Young, Katherine

    database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  10. Remedial Reading: Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentall, Grace

    1972-01-01

    This monograph discusses actual case studies which demonstrate that children learn in many different ways. The methods used are discussed, and wherever possible, the results of the work are cited. The pamphlet also points out that team work among the medical professions, the parents, the child, and the teacher is needed. The areas covered by the…

  11. Unionfining: Technical case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Nguyen, T.A.; Skripek, M. [Unocal Fred L. Hartley Research Center, Brea, CA (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Hydrotreating improves the quality of FCC feeds by reducing sulfur, nitrogen, metals, asphaltenes, and polynuclear aromatic content. Four case studies presented in this paper show the benefits of hydrotreating FCC feeds: higher conversion and gasoline yield, better quality products, and lower SO{sub x} emissions.

  12. The resolution of reservoir dynamics with noise based technologies: A case study from the 2006 Basel injection experiment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hillers, Gregor; Husen, Stephan; Obermann, Anne; Planes, Thomas; Campillo, Michel; Larose, Eric

    2014-05-01

    We explore the applicability of noise-based monitoring and imaging techniques in the context of the 2006 Basel stimulation experiment using data from five borehole velocimeters and five surface accelerometers located around the injection site. We observe a significant perturbation of medium properties associated with the reservoir stimulation. The transient perturbation, with a duration of 20-30 days, reaches its maximum about 15 days after shut in, when microseismic activity has ceased; it is thus associated with aseismic deformation. Inverting relative velocity change and decorrelation observations using techniques developed and applied on laboratory and local to regional seismological scales, we can image the associated deformation pattern. We discuss limits of the the frequency- and lapse-time dependent resolution and suggestions for improvements considering the 3-D network geometry together with wave propagation models. The depth sensitivity of the analyzed wave field indicates resolution of perturbation in the shallow parts of the sedimentary layer above the stimulated deep volume located in the crystalline base layer. The deformation pattern is similar to InSAR/satellite observations associated with CO2 sequestration experiments, and indicates the transfer of deformation beyond scales associated with the instantaneously stimulated volume. Our detection and localization of delayed induced shallow aseismic transient deformation indicates that monitoring the evolution of reservoir properties using the ambient seismic field provides observables that complement information obtained with standard microseismic approaches. The results constitute a significant advance for the resolution of reservoir dynamics; the technology has the potential to provide critical constraints in related geotechnical situations associated with fluid injection, fracking, (nuclear) waste management, and carbon capture and storage.

  13. Identifying barriers to Science, Technology, Society and environment (STSE) educational goals and pedagogy in science education: A case study of UMASS Lowell undergraduate engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phaneuf, Tiffany

    The implementation of sustainable development in higher education is a global trend. Engineers, as gatekeepers of technological innovation, confront increasingly complex world issues ranging from economic and social to political and environmental. Recently, a multitude of government reports have argued that solving such complex problems requires changes in the pedagogy of engineering education, such as that prescribed by the Science, Technology, Society, and education (STS) movement that grew out of the environmental movement in the 70s. In STS students are engaged in the community by understanding that scientific progress is innately a sociopolitical process that involves dimensions of power, wealth and responsibility. United States accreditation criteria now demand "the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context" (ABET Engineering Accreditation Commission 2005). With such emphasis on STS education as necessary to address complex world issues, it is vital to assess the barriers in the traditional engineering curriculum that may inhibit the success of such educational reform. This study identifies barriers to STS goals and pedagogy in post secondary science education by using the Francis College of Engineering at UMASS Lowell as a single case study. The study draws on existing literature to develop a theoretical framework for assessing four hypothesized barriers to STS education in undergraduate engineering. Identification of barriers to STS education in engineering generates a critical reflection of post secondary science education and its role in preparing engineers to be active citizens in shaping a rapidly globalizing world. The study offers policy recommendations for enabling post secondary science education to incorporate STS education into its curriculum.

  14. Pathology Case Study: Petechiae

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lopez-Plaza, Iliana

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Seizures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology of a 51 year-old man with epilepsy. Images and results from a neurological examination are provided in this case. The patientâ??s diagnosis is found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section, which also includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Fevers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kulich, Scott

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. In this case, a 68-year-old male patient experiencing fevers, chills, an associated non-productive cough, and weight loss was admitted to the hospital for examination. The â??Gross Description,â?ť â??Microscopic Description,â?ť and â?? Microbiologyâ?ť sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientâ??s diagnosis. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment from the contributing doctors.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Headache

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 79 year old male with headaches and sinus problems is evaluated. The patient previously had "an inverted papilloma resected." Using the gross description, microscopic description, and images provided, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical problem. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

  18. A case study review of technical and technology issues for transition of a utility load management program to provide system reliability resources in restructured electricity markets

    SciTech Connect

    Weller, G.H.

    2001-07-15

    Utility load management programs--including direct load control and interruptible load programs--were employed by utilities in the past as system reliability resources. With electricity industry restructuring, the context for these programs has changed; the market that was once controlled by vertically integrated utilities has become competitive, raising the question: can existing load management programs be modified so that they can effectively participate in competitive energy markets? In the short run, modified and/or improved operation of load management programs may be the most effective form of demand-side response available to the electricity system today. However, in light of recent technological advances in metering, communication, and load control, utility load management programs must be carefully reviewed in order to determine appropriate investments to support this transition. This report investigates the feasibility of and options for modifying an existing utility load management system so that it might provide reliability services (i.e. ancillary services) in the competitive markets that have resulted from electricity industry restructuring. The report is a case study of Southern California Edison's (SCE) load management programs. SCE was chosen because it operates one of the largest load management programs in the country and it operates them within a competitive wholesale electricity market. The report describes a wide range of existing and soon-to-be-available communication, control, and metering technologies that could be used to facilitate the evolution of SCE's load management programs and systems to provision of reliability services. The fundamental finding of this report is that, with modifications, SCE's load management infrastructure could be transitioned to provide critical ancillary services in competitive electricity markets, employing currently or soon-to-be available load control technologies.

  19. Using Technology and Instructional E-Material among Technical Teacher and Student into Teaching and Learning: A Qualitative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hashim, Mohamad Hisyam Mohd.

    2015-01-01

    The development of instructional electronic material or e-material for electrical and electronic studies was developed by many companies and institutions. However, the quality of the designed and the potentiality to use as a tool in teaching and learning is still doubtful. For this reason, the aim of this research was to understand the using…

  20. Virtual Teams and E-Collaboration Technology: A Case Study Investigating the Dynamics of Virtual Team Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Theresa

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent the use of e-collaboration tools when used as a primary channel of communication affected virtual team members' trust and motivation, in a spatially dispersed environment. Structured interviews were conducted with 18 project managers, who were responsible for leading virtual projects…

  1. Academic failure of first-year engineering and technological students in India and assessment of motivation factors – a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reena Cheruvalath

    2012-01-01

    This study has been conducted to show that there is a recent trend in engineering colleges in India that students who are considered to be highly intelligent show poor academic performance during their 1st year. This article is proposed to examine the role of motivation factors such as teaching methods and learning material in the academic performance of engineering and

  2. Physical Science Connected Classrooms: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving, Karen; Sanalan, Vehbi; Shirley, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    Case-study descriptions of secondary and middle school classrooms in diverse contexts provide examples of how teachers implement connected classroom technology to facilitate formative assessment in science instruction. Connected classroom technology refers to a networked system of handheld devices designed for classroom use. Teachers were…

  3. Information security curriculum creation: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bradley Bogolea; Kay Wijekumar

    2004-01-01

    Information Security is a critical part of the technology infrastructure. A survey of undergraduate degree programs in Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Information Science, and others show a lack of emphasis on security issues in their curriculum. The purpose of this paper is to present a case study on our approach to creating an undergraduate curriculum that will enhance existing

  4. Lifelong Learning in SMEs: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holden, Rick; Smith, Vikki; Devins, Dave

    2002-01-01

    Learning centers using information-communications technologies were established in three British industrial estates. A case study of one organization shows the center contributed to lifelong learning and enhanced information technology training and employee confidence. Transfer of training and productivity improvements were not as clear. (Contains…

  5. Flash Flood Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    COMET

    2007-06-26

    This module takes the learner through seven case studies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.

  6. The Scientific and Technological area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification. Critical analysis of the available materials and a case study in Segovia province

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leal Insua, Maria Pilar

    This thesis is focused on the Scientific area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification, one of the Government actions for the attention to diversity in compulsory Secondary Education, established in the General Education Law (LOGSE: Ley de Ordenacion General del Sistema Educativo) of 1990. It has been carried out in Spain. In the thesis two different lines of work can be distinguished: (A) The analysis of material elaborated specifically for the mentioned area. We intent to know what materials have been elaborated and to analyze them; to this purpose we study the material spread in Congresses or Conferences, and also the articles published in magazines or specifically designed to be used in the Scientific area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification until year 2003. The analysis is made after classifying the material according to the format in which it appears (books, CDs, "Didactic Units"). (B) Two case studies, of evaluative character, carried out in two Secondary Schools in the province of Segovia (Spain), one of them in the city and another one in a rural population. The case studies are centered in the Scientific Area of the Programs of Curricular Diversification that last for two years. In the first of these Centers eight students took part in the Program; in the second, a total of seven. Throughout the investigation we observed that students who took part in the Programs obtained good academic results. Programs are proved to be effective in generating processes of academic success in pupils who were previously in situation of school failure and at risk of social exclusion. The success of these programs is fundamentally due to the following reasons: the low number of students involved, the fact that they are focused on basic knowledge, the reduced number of subjects studied. Besides, to offer the students the chance of a closer relationship with a few teachers increases their motivation and involvement in the programs. Key words: Attention to Diversity, Didactics of Experimental Sciences, Programs of curricular diversification, Scientific Technological Area

  7. Novel sensor technologies towards environmental health monitoring in urban environments: a case study in the Niger Delta (Nigeria).

    PubMed

    Obinaju, Blessing E; Alaoma, Alozie; Martin, Francis L

    2014-09-01

    The Niger Delta (Nigeria) is an exemplar of a legacy of environmental pollution. Limited knowledge on spatial and temporal pollutant distributions in the region highlights the need for biomonitoring approaches to study impacts on sentinel organisms. This study evaluated whether infrared (IR) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis could detect alterations in biomolecules in samples in differing exposure scenarios, i.e., spatial and temporal using African catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis) or water spinach (Ipomea aquatica). Significant spectral differences between tissues isolated from African catfish based on site or season were observed; in a region where fish appeared not to be present, water spinach was used as a surrogate sentinel organism. Using one-way ANOVA, the spectral categories were significant (P < 0.0001). The applicability of IR spectroscopy to detect subtle changes in target biological molecules within sentinel organisms along with its low-cost yet high-throughput potential suggests that biospectroscopy permits real-time evaluation of environmental exposure effects. PMID:24602761

  8. Coastal Management case study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anne Jefferson

    To prepare for the case study, lecture material on coastal landforms and processes is presented. Particular attention is paid to barrier islands, such as the Outer Banks. During the lecture, typical coastal engineering structures, such as groins, breakwaters, and jetties, are introduced. The case study is introduced with a brief overview of North Carolina's coastal management laws, Figure Eight Island's geography, and the current controversy over whether to build a terminal groin. Students are then broken down into small groups and presented with two opposing editorials. The groups are instructed to try to come to consensus as to whether the terminal groin should be allowed or disallowed or to suggest a third alternative. After approximately 25 minutes, each group informally reports out to the rest of the class.

  9. Innovative technologies to understand hydrogeomorphic impacts of climate change scenarios on gully development in drylands: case study from Ethiopia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frankl, Amaury; Stal, Cornelis; Abraha, Amanuel; De Wulf, Alain; Poesen, Jean

    2014-05-01

    Taking climate change scenarios into account, rainfall patterns are likely to change over the coming decades in eastern Africa. In brief, large parts of eastern Africa are expected to experience a wetting, including seasonality changes. Gullies are threshold phenomena that accomplish most of their geomorphic change during short periods of strong rainfall. Understanding the links between geomorphic change and rainfall characteristics in detail, is thus crucial to ensure the sustainability of future land management. In this study, we present image-based 3D modelling as a low-cost, flexible and rapid method to quantify gully morphology from terrestrial photographs. The methodology was tested on two gully heads in Northern Ethiopia. Ground photographs (n = 88-235) were taken during days with cloud cover. The photographs were processed in PhotoScan software using a semi-automated Structure from Motion-Multi View Stereo (SfM-MVS) workflow. As a result, full 3D models were created, accurate at cm level. These models allow to quantify gully morphology in detail, including information on undercut walls and soil pipe inlets. Such information is crucial for understanding the hydrogeomorphic processes involved. Producing accurate 3D models after each rainfall event, allows to model interrelations between rainfall, land management, runoff and erosion. Expected outcomes are the production of detailed vulnerability maps that allow to design soil and water conservation measures in a cost-effective way. Keywords: 3D model, Ethiopia, Image-based 3D modelling, Gully, PhotoScan, Rainfall.

  10. Integrated technology wing design study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hays, A. P.; Beck, W. E.; Morita, W. H.; Penrose, B. J.; Skarshaug, R. E.; Wainfan, B. S.

    1984-01-01

    The technology development costs and associated benefits in applying advanced technology associated with the design of a new wing for a new or derivative trijet with a capacity for 350 passengers and maximum range of 8519 km, entering service in 1990 were studied. The areas of technology are: (1) airfoil technology; (2) planform parameters; (3) high lift; (4) pitch active control system; (5) all electric systems; (6) E to 3rd power propulsion; (7) airframe/propulsion integration; (8) graphite/epoxy composites; (9) advanced aluminum alloys; (10) titanium alloys; and (11) silicon carbide/aluminum composites. These technologies were applied to the reference aircraft configuration. Payoffs were determined for block fuel reductions and net value of technology. These technologies are ranked for the ratio of net value of technology (NVT) to technology development costs.

  11. UCLA Statistics Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Draper, David

    Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of case studies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.

  12. Transforming research case studies into teaching cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavel Štrach; André M. Everett

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to encourage consideration of the multiple factors affecting dual use of case studies for both research and teaching, and conversion between the two types; to encourage development of a case transformation protocol to add rigor to this process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature review with discussion. Findings – Noting that insularity diminishes the potential

  13. Pathology Case Study: Hyperammonemia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Diven, Warren

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a female neonate only two days old became lethargic and developed focal seizures. Visitors are given the high performance liquid chromatography, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

  14. Pathology Case Study: Seizures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dickman, Paul S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 24-day-old baby is failing to thrive and experiencing seizures. Visitors are given the microscopic description, with images, the results of the postmortem examination, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Hemoptysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Holst, Valerie

    This is a pulmonary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55 year old female has spontaneously occurring hemoptysis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  17. Making a Case for Technology in Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodds, Kathrin; Callender, Donell; Henry, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    Interested in connecting users with the latest resources aimed at advancing intellectual inquiry and discovery, researchers from Texas Tech University Libraries decided to embark on a study to explore the practicality of the latest technology, the iPad, within the varying functions of academia. Using an online survey and focus groups, the…

  18. Conducting and Reporting Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtman, Merilyn; Taylor, Satomi Izumi

    Issues and elements of case study research are explored and illustrated with the example of a case study of a kindergarten in a suburb of Tokyo (Japan). Case study research is a type of qualitative research that concentrates on a single unit or entity, with boundaries established by the researcher. The case is an example drawn from a larger class,…

  19. Considerations for an integrated wind turbine controls capability at the National Wind Technology Center: An aileron control case study for power regulation and load mitigation

    SciTech Connect

    Stuart, J.G.; Wright, A.D.; Butterfield, C.P.

    1996-06-01

    Several structural dynamics codes have been developed at, and under contract to, the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). These design codes capture knowledge and expertise that has accumulated over the years through federally funded research and wind industry operational experience. The codes can generate vital information required to successfully implement wind turbine active control. However, system information derived from the design codes does not necessarily produce a system description that is consistent with the one assumed by standard control design and analysis tools (e.g., MATLAB{reg_sign} and Matrix-X{reg_sign}). This paper presents a system identification-based method for extracting and utilizing high-fidelity dynamics information, derived from an existing wind turbine structural dynamics code (FAST), for use in active control design. A simple proportional-integral (PI) aileron control case study is then used to successfully demonstrate the method, and to investigate controller performance for gust and turbulence wind input conditions. Aileron control results show success in both power regulation and load mitigation.

  20. Case Study: A Typical Cold?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brent JF Hill (University of Central Arkansas Biology)

    2005-02-02

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with cell physiology and tissue anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  1. Case Study: Ice Hockey Injury

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

    2004-04-19

    This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  2. Risk disparities in the globalisation of assisted reproductive technology: the case of Asia.

    PubMed

    Ha, Jung-Ok

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the disparities in risks associated with biomedical technology focusing on the results of assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART among biomedical technologies transferred to Asia is a representative case that reveals in its clinical use and related scientific research the global politics of technology. This study notes the global politics at work in the recognition of and reaction to such risks. While many Asian countries aggressively pursue technological development, weak legislative and administrative regulations have created various problems and controversial cases. This study asserts that risks associated with technology are characterised as social facts not natural ones or mere 'side effects', since technological development and risk are closely intertwined. PMID:23941180

  3. Social Determinants and Land Use Correlates of Agricultural Technology Adoption in a Forest Frontier: A Case Study in the Brazilian Amazon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen G. Perz

    2003-01-01

    Despite new research on agricultural intensification, we still have limited knowledge of the determinants of technology adoption in low-density, limited-market regions, particularly in humid tropical forests. This lacuna has led to divergent opinions about the impacts of intensification on land use in the Brazilian Amazon, well-known for deforestation of fragile tropical ecosystems. This paper takes up the case of the

  4. Environmental rebound effects of high-speed transport technologies: a case study of climate change rebound effects of a future underground maglev train system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Spielmann; Peter de Haan; Roland W. Scholz

    2008-01-01

    The implementation of new high-speed transport technologies re-shapes the demand balance between transport modes and rebound effects may occur. In this paper first a definition of environmental rebound effects of high-speed transport is presented and various cases are discussed. Second, a method is developed to determine and quantify the environmental rebound effects employing life cycle assessment. The method is illustrated

  5. Competencies in Two Sectors in which Information Technology (IT) Exerts a Strong Influence: Telecommunications and Administration/Offices. Case Studies in Italy, France and Spain. Final Report. CEDEFOP Panorama.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Lazaro; Gatti, Mario; Tagliaferro, Claudio

    As part of a larger effort to pinpoint emerging training needs, case studies of the telecommunications and administration/offices sectors were conducted in Spain, Italy, and France to identify new information technology (IT) competencies required of employees in those fields and determine whether IT has similar consequences in individual European…

  6. PREDICT : A CASE STUDY.

    SciTech Connect

    Kerscher, W. J. (William J.) III; Booker, J. M. (Jane M.); Meyer, Mary A.

    2001-01-01

    Delphi Automotive Systems and the Los Alamos National Laboratory worked together to develop PREDICT, a new methodology to characterize the reliability of a new product during its development program. Rather than conducting testing after hardware has been built, and developing statistical confidence bands around the results, this updating approach starts with an early reliability estimate characterized by large uncertainty, and then proceeds to reduce the uncertainty by folding in fresh information in a Bayesian framework. A considerable amount of knowledge is available at the beginning of a program in the form of expert judgment which helps to provide the initial estimate. This estimate is then continually updated as substantial and varied information becomes available during the course of the development program. This paper presents a case study of the application of PREDICT, with the objective of further describing the methodology. PREDICT has been honored with an R&D 100 Award presented by R&D Magazine.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Lymphocytosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Contis, Lydia C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 72-year-old white male who presented to an outside facility with chest pain of 24 hours duration." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, including images. They are also given flow cytometry and cytogenic data as well as molecular genetics, with images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  8. Case Study: The Business End of Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2005-11-01

    This article takes a retrospective look at how the folks in business schools look at the case method. The legacy of cases in business may seem short in the eyes of some but it is positively ancient when compared to the use of the case study in the sciences, which began to take hold in the 1990s. Surprisingly, in spite of its impeccable academic pedigree, there seems to be little literature on the success of the method; virtually no assessment data in business, law, or public policy teaching seems to exist.

  9. Advanced Cogeneration Technology Economic Optimization Study (ACTEOS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nanda, P.; Ansu, Y.; Manuel, E. H., Jr.; Price, W. G., Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The advanced cogeneration technology economic optimization study (ACTEOS) was undertaken to extend the results of the cogeneration technology alternatives study (CTAS). Cost comparisons were made between designs involving advanced cogeneration technologies and designs involving either conventional cogeneration technologies or not involving cogeneration. For the specific equipment cost and fuel price assumptions made, it was found that: (1) coal based cogeneration systems offered appreciable cost savings over the no cogeneration case, while systems using coal derived liquids offered no costs savings; and (2) the advanced cogeneration systems provided somewhat larger cost savings than the conventional systems. Among the issues considered in the study included: (1) temporal variations in steam and electric demands; (2) requirements for reliability/standby capacity; (3) availability of discrete equipment sizes; (4) regional variations in fuel and electricity prices; (5) off design system performance; and (6) separate demand and energy charges for purchased electricity.

  10. Ethnographic Study: @ONE Technology Training Project Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obler, Susan; Schiorring, Eva

    This report presents findings from an ethnographic study of technology integration and diffusion in two California community colleges. The study was commissioned to examine whether faculty behavior and student learning outcomes have changed as a result of @ONE instructional technology training and resources. The California Community Colleges…

  11. Development and transfer of forage production technologies for smallholder dairying: case studies of participatory evaluation of species and methods of establishment in western Kenya

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. N. MUYEKHO; L. MOSE; D. T. CHERUIYOT

    Inadequate feed and low soil fertility are impor- tant constraints to dairy cattle and crop produc- tivity on smallholder farms in western Kenya. This paper presents 3 case studies on partici- patory evaluation of forages with smallholder farmers. Study 1 evaluated 12 forage species\\/ varieties at 2 sites in the Trans Nzoia District. Study 2 evaluated methods of napier grass

  12. Case studies for software engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dewayne E. Perry; Susan Elliott Sim; Steve Easterbrook

    2006-01-01

    The topic of this full-day tutorial was the correct use and interpretation of case studies as an empirical research method. Using an equal blend of lecture and discussion, it gave attendees a foundation for conducting, reviewing, and reading case studies. There were lessons for software engineers as researchers who conduct and report case studies, reviewers who evaluate papers, and practitioners

  13. Case Studies for Software Engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dewayne E. Perry; Susan Elliott Sim; Steve M. Easterbrook

    2004-01-01

    The topic of this full-day tutorial was the correct useand interpretation of case studies as an empiricalresearch method. Using an equal blend of lecture anddiscussion, it gave attendees a foundation for conducting,reviewing, and reading case studies. There were lessonsfor software engineers as researchers who conduct andreport case studies, reviewers who evaluate papers, andpractitioners who are attempting to apply results frompapers.

  14. Big Sky Geophysics: Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clark Jorgenson

    This site from the website of Big Sky Geophysics presents four case studies in geophysical exploration. Each case study examines the use of a particular exploration method: electrical, GPR, gravity, and magnetic/EM. The case studies lay out the circumstances of the exploration, the science behind the method and then displays the data that was gathered during the exploration.

  15. UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/

    E-print Network

    UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Sustainability Office CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Campus Sustainability Office #12;UBC CASE STUDY / Social

  16. Issues in Estimating Program Effects and Studying Implementation in Large-Scale Educational Experiments: The Case of a Connected Classroom Technology Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shin, Hye Sook

    2009-01-01

    Using data from a nationwide, large-scale experimental study of the effects of a connected classroom technology on student learning in algebra (Owens et al., 2004), this dissertation focuses on challenges that can arise in estimating treatment effects in educational field experiments when samples are highly heterogeneous in terms of various…

  17. The Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Vocational Competencies and Training. Case Studies in Italy, France and Spain. Synthesis Report. CEDEFOP Panorama.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gatti, Mario; Gonzalez, Lazaro Garcia; Mereu, Maria Grazia; Tagliaferro, Claudio

    This study is a consolidation of the findings acquired in the course of three parallel surveys conducted in France, Italy, and Spain on the impact of new technologies in the telecommunications and administration/office sectors. Data are from an ad hoc interview questionnaire directed at the people in charge of functional areas of the firm and…

  18. The Influence of Peer Tutors and Technology-Actuated Reading Instruction Process on Third-Grade Students' Self-Perceptions as Readers: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daw, Brenda Shill

    2011-01-01

    Driven by Lev Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory (1986), my study investigated the self-perceptions and interactions of seven underperforming, third-grade readers while using Technology-Actuated Reading Instruction (TARI). Partnered with same-age peer tutors, readers used digital tools to listen to, read/record, and playback oral reading…

  19. The Perceptions of the Automotive Supply Industry Related to Information Technology Utilization and Creating Barriers to Competitive Market Entry: A Case Study of the Implications for Strategic Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cargal, Joseph L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine information technology/systems strategy related factors in the automotive supply industry based on responses to the Strategic Planning and Business Performance Survey provided to automotive suppliers. This population produces supplies to the automotive industry with products valued at hundreds of billions…

  20. Teaching Pharmacology by Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Sue

    1997-01-01

    Using pharmacology case studies with nursing students encourages theory-practice links and infuses real-life content. Cases provide rich qualitative data for evaluating curriculum. However, they are not a substitute for evidence-based practice. (SK)

  1. The Case Study: Senior Seminar

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patrick R. Field

    2003-02-01

    Incorporating a case study format into a senior seminar course is a novel method of teaching the components of a successful seminar. Within this format, seminar presenters familiarize their audience with relevant background information, present a case stu

  2. Discovering Identity Problems: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Gang Wang; Homa Atabakhsh; Tim Petersen; Hsinchun Chen

    2005-01-01

    Identity resolution is central to fighting against crime and terrorist activities in various ways. Current information systems and technologies deployed in law enforcement agencies are neither adequate nor effective for identity resolution. In this research we conducted a case study in a local police department on problems that produce difficulties in retrieving identity information. We found that more than half

  3. Smart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann

    E-print Network

    Smart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann ETH Zurich, Switzerland christof@boumann.ch Stephan Holzer and Subject Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications:]: Process con- trol systems General Terms Smart energy-aware devices and appliances, Demand- response technologies for smart-meter/smart-grid integration

  4. Biometrics in banking security: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sitalakshmi Venkatraman; Indika Delpachitra

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – To identify and discuss the issues and success factors surrounding biometrics, especially in the context of user authentication and controls in the banking sector, using a case study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The literature survey and analysis of the security models of the present information systems and biometric technologies in the banking sector provide the theoretical and practical background for

  5. WATER TREATMENT COST CASE STUDY LIBRARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Resource Purpose: The case study library is a collection of "real-world" examples of detailed water treatment costs for a variety of treatment technologies and water system sizes. This library allows comparisons between EPA's modeled water treatment costs and actual treatme...

  6. A Case Base Reasoning System on the Internet for Reference of Information Technology Education for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okamoto, Toshio; Nakagawa, Masaki

    This paper describes the development of a case-based system for information technology (IT) education, to be used in high schools across Japan, so that teachers can share a common knowledge about IT education. The first section covers the study purpose and describes the case-based system, including registration of cases, searching cases, and…

  7. Proceedings of the 2007 Aging Aircraft Conference Integration of Technology Roadmapping Information and Business Case

    E-print Network

    Sandborn, Peter

    and Business Case Development into DMSMS-Driven Design Refresh Planning of the V-22 Advanced Mission Computer describes a business case analysis for ascertaining the value of the resulting refresh plans. A case study business case analysis. The integration of technology roadmap information into MOCA's decision analysis

  8. Superfund Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Tait Chirenje

    In this exercise, students must navigate their hometowns and find the nearest superfund site to their homes (there is no shortage of superfund sites in NJ - 114 of the 1200 sites in the US are found in NJ). They then evaluate the information provided by the NPL websites to determine the activities that led to the pollution of the sites, the type of pollutants at the site and their transformation in soil and water. They then deal with risk assessment issues and describe the main health threats posed by those pollutants. An understanding of soil and pollutant chemical properties is then required to evaluate the efficacy of the remediation technologies used at that site. Each student is required to suggest at least one alternative remediation technology (physical, chemical, biological or thermal).

  9. Twenty-three Years of Evolving "State-of-the-Art" CORK Borehole Geophysical Monitoring: A Review of Technologies and Case Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, E. E.; Becker, K.; Meldrum, R.; Heesemann, M.; Villinger, H. W.; Kinoshita, M.; Paros, J. M.; Inderbitzen, K. E.

    2014-12-01

    The first successful attempt to instrument an Ocean Drilling Program borehole for formation pressure and temperature monitoring and fluid sampling was accomplished in 1991 in Hole 857D, and the system there has been in nearly continuous operation since that time. This hole and others that followed have provided many new insights into ocean crustal and subduction zone hydrogeology and geodynamics, while at the same time being the "proving ground" for a number of technological advances in ocean borehole monitoring, including 1) the CORK scheme itself for sealing holes for hydrologic recovery to natural-state conditions after drilling; 2) the use of absolute pressure sensors for monitoring both relative formation pressures and changes in seafloor depth; 3) multi-level completions for pressure monitoring that leave cased borehole interiors open for other instrumentation; 4) the development of ultra-high-precision, low-power digital recording systems for examining the effects on the formation of seismic and microseismic loading; and 5) the proof-of-concept of an optical communications system that eliminates dependence on submersibles or ROVs for data download operations (see Tivey et al., this session). Relatively low-sample-rate data spanning the first part of the more than two decades of operations have shown how large anomalous pressures generated thermally and by deformation can be; how seafloor tidal loading influences formation pressure and can drive an "a.c." component of flow; and how seismogenic and slow strain can be observed by way of formation-fluid pressure transients. More recent instrumentation has allowed much higher fidelity observations (1 Hz sampling at a resolution of 10-8 of full-scale), and thus is permitting complementary studies of hydrologic, oceanographic, seismic, and microseismic phenomena. Plans for the future include connections to shore via observatory cable systems, such as those of NEPTUNE Canada and DONET, for unlimited power supply and real-time data acquisition (the first having been connected in 2009), and incorporation of quartz sensors, under development at Paroscientific Inc. and Quartz Seismic Sensors Inc., that are coupled to acceleration for monitoring tilt and ground motion.

  10. A fuelwood plantation site selection procedure using geographic information system technology: A case study in support of the NASA Global Habitability Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roller, N. E. G.; Colwell, J. E.; Sellman, A. N.

    1985-01-01

    A study undertaken in support of NASA's Global Habitability Program is described. A demonstration of geographic information system (GIS) technology for site evaluation and selection is given. The objective was to locate potential fuelwood plantations within a 50 km radius of Nairobi, Kenya. A model was developed to evaluate site potential based on capability and suitability criteria and implemented using the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan's geographic information system.

  11. Compressed Air System Retrofit Increases Productivity at a Petroleum Packaging Facility. Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) Petroleum BestPractices Project Case Study

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2002-01-01

    This case study highlights a compressed air improvement project implemented at the Mobil lubricating-blending plant in Vernon, California. The project reduced the plant's energy production and maintenance costs, and increased reliability due to increased efficiency of the compressed air system.

  12. The intersection of discipline and roles: Dr. Pauline Mack's story as an instrumental case study with implications for leadership in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Winnifred Gail Younkin

    2009-01-01

    Widespread concerns currently exist regarding our nation's ability to attract, educate, and retain talented, diverse individuals in STEM fields. These concerns are exacerbated by globalized competition and critical economic conditions. With these issues in mind, this instrumental case study was designed to examine the life story of Dr. Pauline Beery Mack in order to inform secondary and tertiary educational leadership

  13. Arsenic Removal: Adsorptive Media and Coagulation/Filtration Case Studies

    EPA Science Inventory

    This presentation provides information on the results of three case studies from USEPA arsenic demonstration program. The first case study presented is on the Rimrock, AZ project that used an adsorptive media technology (E33 media) to remove arsenic. The second case study is on...

  14. Case Studies in Economic Sanctions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the Institute for International Economics, Case Studies in Economic Sanctions presents, at present, eight in-depth case studies of the effects of economic sanctions in countries including Cuba, Libya, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Myanmar. Each case study is presented in three compact pages beginning with a detailed timeline of the history of the sanctions. The second page offers more information, including the chronological goals of the sender country, response of the target country, attitude of other countries, and legal notes. The final page contains economic statistics, assessments by economists, and concise authors's summaries. Worthy of note are the lengthy bibliographies that accompany each case study.

  15. A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study

    E-print Network

    Köbben, Barend

    A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study Open Source, Open Standards, Open Data by Brent Alexander Wood NIWA, New Zealand. pcreso@pcreso.com Abstract The National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) is New Zealand's leading agency providing freshwater, ocean, climate, atmosphere

  16. Case Study: Case Studies and the Flipped Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Schiller, Nancy A.

    2013-01-01

    This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue discusses the positive and negative aspects of the "flipped classroom." In the flipped classroom model, what is normally done in class and what is normally done as…

  17. The Big Read: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Endowment for the Arts, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Big Read evaluation included a series of 35 case studies designed to gather more in-depth information on the program's implementation and impact. The case studies gave readers a valuable first-hand look at The Big Read in context. Both formal and informal interviews, focus groups, attendance at a wide range of events--all showed how…

  18. Information Technology Resources @ Case David M. Pilasky

    E-print Network

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    (HCM) System https://hcm.case.edu:8710/psp/hcprd VoIP Phone ­ http://www.case.edu/its/voip Unified and some outside spaces. Case's wireless system is completely open, meaning no security on it. VPN ­ VPN Macintosh computers ­ update your operating system regularly Windows computers ­ WindowsXP or newer Make

  19. Greenhouse gas and air pollutant emission reduction potentials of renewable energy--case studies on photovoltaic and wind power introduction considering interactions among technologies in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Yu-Ming; Fukushima, Yasuhiro

    2009-03-01

    To achieve higher energy security and lower emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and pollutants, the development of renewable energy has attracted much attention in Taiwan. In addition to its contribution to the enhancement of reliable indigenous resources, the introduction of renewable energy such as photovoltaic (PV) and wind power systems reduces the emission of GHGs and air pollutants by substituting a part of the carbon- and pollutant-intensive power with power generated by methods that are cleaner and less carbon-intensive. To evaluate the reduction potentials, consequential changes in the operation of different types of existing power plants have to be taken into account. In this study, a linear mathematical programming model is constructed to simulate a power mix for a given power demand in a power market sharing a cost-minimization objective. By applying the model, the emission reduction potentials of capacity extension case studies, including the enhancement of PV and wind power introduction at different scales, were assessed. In particular, the consequences of power mix changes in carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, and particulates were discussed. Seasonally varying power demand levels, solar irradiation, and wind strength were taken into account. In this study, we have found that the synergetic reduction of carbon dioxide emission induced by PV and wind power introduction occurs under a certain level of additional installed capacity. Investigation of a greater variety of case studies on scenario development with emerging power sources becomes possible by applying the model developed in this study. PMID:19320274

  20. A case for Large Space Systems Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huckins, E. K., III

    1980-01-01

    The NASA Large Space Systems Technology (LSST) program, devoted to the development of Space Shuttle-deployable orbiting structures, is reviewed. The LSST program elements are: antennas, space platforms, assembly equipment and devices, surface sensors and control, control and stabilization, and analysis and design systems. Among the specific prospective applications for this technology base may be counted: multipurpose platforms, materials experimentation facilities, energy satellites, large optical and radio arrays, and communications platforms.

  1. Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  2. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (DENVER PRESENTATION)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  3. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (CHICAGO, IL)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  4. Pathology Case Study: Postmenopausal Bleeding

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chen, Lei

    This gynecologic pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientâ??s history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  5. Frictionless Technology Diffusion: The Case of Tractors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodolfo E. Manuelli; Ananth Seshadri

    2003-01-01

    Empirical evidence suggests that there is a long lag between the time a new technology is introduced and the time at which it is widely adopted. The conventional wisdom is that these observations are inconsistent with the predictions of the frictionless neoclassical model. In this paper we show this to be incorrect. Once the appropriate driving forces are taken into

  6. Technology Integration: A Case of Professional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nisan-Nelson, Paula D.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated whether a professional development session, teachers' learning styles, or an individual's personal appraisal of problem-solving abilities can be indicators of how technology will be integrated into instructional practices. Topics include Kolb's learning styles; the Problem Solving Inventory; and personal control style. (Author/LRW)

  7. Case-based reasoning is a methodology not a technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian D. Watson

    1999-01-01

    This paper asks whether case-based reasoning is an artificial intelligence (AI) technology like rule-based reasoning, neural networks or genetic algorithms or whether it is better described as a methodology for problem solving, that may use any appropriate technology. By describing four applications of case-based reasoning (CBR), that variously use: nearest neighbour, induction, fuzzy logic and SQL, the author shows that

  8. The Case Study: Professional Development Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dava Coleman

    2006-09-01

    A professional development case in college science teaching bridges the gap between educational theory and practice. A good case poses an interesting dilemma involving instructors, students, and administrators. Case discussions can help instructors take charge of their own professional development and create a community of shared professional support within their colleges. These discussions help overcome the sense of isolation that many instructors, particularly new ones, can experience.

  9. Responsibility and Responsiveness. Case Studies in Further Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kedney, Bob, Ed.; Parkes, David, Ed.

    These eight case studies illustrate the capacity of United Kingdom Colleges of Further Education to respond effectively to training needs of local industry and commerce. Case 1 demonstrates shifts across a range of local authority colleges towards provision in the new information technologies and the service industries. Case 2 illustrates a…

  10. Composites in manufacturing - Case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, A.B. (Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States))

    1991-01-01

    The papers presented in this volume focus on 19 cases of applied technology in composites design and manufacturing, all of them dealing with specific products. Topics covered include design using composite in aerospace, innovative materials and processing, tooling, fasteners and adhesives, finishing, repair, specialty applications of composites, and applications in the automotive industry. Papers are presented on the filament winding of isogrid fuselage structures; design and use of aramid fiber in aircraft structures; resin transfer molding of a complex composite aircraft structure; and field repair of an advanced helicopter vertical fin structure.

  11. Applying technology strategy with enterprise architecting : a case study in transformation planning for integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace

    E-print Network

    Richardson, Kristina L. (Kristina Lynn)

    2009-01-01

    The research presented in this thesis combines Enterprise Architecture and Technology Strategy for analyzing, evaluating, and recommending appropriate solutions for integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the ...

  12. Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

    2013-01-01

    A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case

  13. Strategies for Creating Web-based Engineering Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Falkenburg, Donald

    The Greenfield Coalition is developing and deploying case studies to support its programs in manufacturing engineering and technology. Linking academic learning with real-world experiences motivates students and significantly impacts depth of learning. The Greenfield case study methodology extends learning by focusing on real-world environments and fosters thinking at all higher levels of abstraction. This paper describes the Greenfield case methodology, and presents a four-step design process used to author an engineering case.

  14. Case Study: Sex and Vaccination

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2008-05-01

    This case study is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Sensory Abnormalities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Duggal, Neil

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This particular case focuses on a 30-year-old man with a history of focal numbness, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and progressive sensory abnormalities. The patientâ??s history, images from an MRI, microscopic images of a specimen collected during his laminectomy, and final diagnosis are provided in this case for your review. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

  16. Case Study of Apple, Inc. for Business Law Students: How Apple's Business Model Controls Digital Content through Legal and Technological Means

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reder, Margo E. K.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes a six-week long exercise that incorporates a dynamic learning approach into an e-commerce or Internet technology business law elective course; the exercise pursues an entrepreneurial approach to the use of an appropriate business model by emphasizing the interaction between technology, business, and law. This active learning…

  17. Can We Get National Labour Market Information into the Classroom Faster? The Information Technology Professional Program. An Association of Canadian Community Colleges Sponsored Sectoral Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diakun, Denyce; Phillips, Rodger

    The Software Human Resource Council (SHRC) is a nonprofit sectoral council that speaks for software professionals throughout the Canadian economy. The SHRC's mission is to increase the number of Information Technology (IT) workers in Canada. This paper gives a brief overview of the evolution of SHRC's Information Technology Professional Program…

  18. USAGE OF ONLINE COLLABORATION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY TO ACHIEVE SUCCESS AND GAIN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN VIRTUAL TEAMS: A CASE STUDY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    BURCIN BECERIK

    In today's world people no longer need to be in the same building or even on the same continent to work together. With the assistance of Information Technology (IT), project teams can become more flexible, adaptive and competitive by improving their performances. This paper presents the implementation and usage of online collaboration and project management (OCPM) technology as an enterprise

  19. A Qualitative Case Study on the Acquisition and Use of Educational and Information Technologies in a New High School in Southern New Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grijalva, Norma

    2013-01-01

    This research explores various aspects of technology in education, including learning applications, equipment, infrastructure, and pedagogy. Technology can be used for course delivery, assessment, communications, research and other learning activities. As educational institutions transition more of their academic courses, resources, and services…

  20. Interpersonal Consulting Skills among Instructional Technology Consultants at an Institution of Higher Education in the Midwest--A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Leusen, Peter

    2013-01-01

    As new developments in digital technologies rapidly influence our society, higher education organizations are under increasing pressure to utilize new instructional methods and technologies to educate students (Educause, 2005; Phipps & Wellman, 2001; U.S. Department of Education, 2010). The task to integrate these tools into teaching and…

  1. Technology and the Politics of Change at Work: The Case of Dalebake Bakeries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawson, Patrick; Gunson, Nicky

    2002-01-01

    A case study of automation in the British baking industry illustrates several perspectives: (1) technological change as inevitable due to external market forces; (2) selection and implementation of technology as an outcome of strategic choices; and (3) awareness of the need for change as part of a political process in which choices are made among…

  2. Case Study Research in School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kratochwill, Thomas R.

    1985-01-01

    Case study investigation refers to the relatively uncontrolled and subjectively described study of a single case. Several different types of case studies are reviewed including nontherapeutic, assessment, and therapeutic/intervention. Suggestions for improving case study investigations and recommendations for future case study research in school…

  3. A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process

    E-print Network

    Omwenga, Brian Gichana

    2009-01-01

    The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

  4. Health care for the elderly: two cases of technology diffusion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander Dozet; Carl Hampus Lyttkens; Paul Nystedt

    2002-01-01

    Diffusion of medical technology and the growing proportion of elderly people in the population are generally regarded as major contributors to the increasing health care expenditure in the industrialised world. This study explores the importance of one specific factor in this process, the change in the use of technology among elderly patients. In some instances, a new technology is first

  5. Pathology Case Study: Cystic Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dunn, Jean

    This cytogenetics case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 21-year-old male presented with a mass in his right thigh. Prior to this, the patient was healthy and had no major health concerns. The tumor was removed and the attending doctor ordered a cytogenetic analysis of the specimen. The results from that analysis along with microscopic images and electron photomicrographs of the tumor are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  6. Social Studies Teachers' Perspectives of Technology Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Yali

    2007-01-01

    This qualitative research investigated the perspectives and experiences of 17 social studies teachers following technology integration training. The research indicated that the teachers held a variety of views of technology integration. These views influenced their use of technology in the classroom. Four major categories of technology-related…

  7. Global Hakka: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessieca Jones

    2010-01-01

    This paper is based on a case study of a small group of Hakkas who have left the village-town of Beruas in the state of Perak on the west coast of the Malaysian Peninsula to make their homes overseas – mostly in cultures which are very different from the Hakka environment in which they grew up. It looks at: the

  8. Case studies of uncommon headaches.

    PubMed

    Evans, Randolph W

    2006-05-01

    The following interesting and uncommon headache disorders are presented through case studies: exploding head syndrome, hypnic headache, neck-tongue syndrome, "Alice in Wonderland" syndrome, nummular headache, red ear syndrome, burning mouth syndrome, spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome, and cardiac cephalalgia. PMID:16684636

  9. Case study: Maritime domain awareness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. E. White; S. K. Semy

    2010-01-01

    We show how sharing of maritime information available from various data producers can strengthen marine domain awareness across agency boundaries and therefore enhance homeland security. This is based on a 2006-2007 pilot project implementing information sharing in the maritime domain which was documented in a Harvard Kennedy School case study. We emphasize those instances where complex systems engineering principles apply

  10. Case Studies in Broadcast Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Howard W.

    This collection of case studies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…

  11. Case Studies in Applied Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematical Association of America, Washington, DC.

    This collection of nine case studies in applied mathematics was written primarily for the use of the instructor by a Conference sponsored by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). Each chapter contains exercises of varying degrees of difficulty and several include student projects. The materials were used on a trial…

  12. WeSaySo Case Study: Designing and Implementing a Case Study for Use in an Instructional Design Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Rick; Barnett, Mardee; Gamble, Yolanda; Kolak, Mike

    A case study was used in an instructional design class to facilitate the transfer of conceptual knowledge to concrete concerns and to aid instructional technology graduate students' understanding of the steps involved in designing, analyzing, and implementing an effective needs analysis. The case study involved real events at fictitious company…

  13. Study of bump bonding technology

    SciTech Connect

    Selcuk Cihangir et al.

    2003-10-17

    Pixel detectors proposed for the new generation of hadron collider experiments will use bump-bonding technology based on either indium or Pb/Sn solder to connect the front-end readout chips to the silicon pixel sensors. We have previously reported large-scale tests of the yield using both indium and Pb/Sn solder bump [1]. The conclusion is that both seem to be viable for pixel detectors. We have also carried out studies of various effects (e.g. storage over long period, effect of heating and cooling, and radiation) on both types of bump bonds using daisy-chained parts on a small scale [2], [3]. Overall, these tests showed little changes in the integrity of the bump connections. Nevertheless, questions still remain on the long-term reliability of the bumps due to thermal cycle effects, attachment to a substrate with a different coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and radiation.

  14. Technology-Mediated Open and Distance Education for Agricultural Education and Improved Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa. Country Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alluri, Krishna, Ed.; Zachmann, Rainer, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    The Learning for Livelihoods Sector of the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) addresses the major challenges related to learning and skills development that are key for living and for improvement of livelihoods. Developing conceptual frameworks, influencing policy, enabling technology-mediated learning, and strengthening networks and partnerships are…

  15. Which are my Future Career Priorities and What Influenced my Choice of Studying Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics? Some Insights on Educational Choice—Case of Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregor Cerinsek; Tina Hribar; Natasa Glodez; Slavko Dolinsek

    2012-01-01

    This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to identify different important factors (i.e. key

  16. The Impact of Information Behavior in Academic Library Service Quality: A Case Study of the Science and Technology Area in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinto, Maria; Fernandez-Marcial, Viviana; Gomez-Camarero, Carmen

    2010-01-01

    This research explores the extent of service quality in Spanish university science and technology libraries, based on the expectations and perceptions of their users: faculty and researchers. Users' information behavior is analyzed with the specially designed BiQual tool, which reveals specific needs such as the greater importance of electronic…

  17. Regulatory processes necessary to commercialize a seizure prediction technology promises and pitfalls of biosignal analysis: seizure prediction and management (A case study)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Poutsma

    2001-01-01

    This presentation will focus on the regulatory process followed when commercializing technology designed to predict\\/detect seizures. The author will describe the general requirements required to commercialize implantable medical products in the various regions of world. He will contrast the differences in the requirements for different regions and describe efforts to harmonize those requirements between the European Community and the United

  18. Kindergarteners Can Do It--So Can You: A Case Study of a Constructionist Technology-Rich First Year Seminar for Undergraduate College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beisser, Sally; Gillespie, Catherine

    2003-01-01

    "Constructionism" is a theory of learning proposed by Seymour Papert of MIT. Co-instructors for a first year seminar for undergraduate students provided education students with a one-semester constructionist experience to learn by engaging with technology. Students used LEGO[R] construction bricks and pieces to solve problems by building, working…

  19. Using Technology to Develop a Collaborative-Reflective Teaching Practice toward Synthecultural Competence: An Ethnographic Case Study in World Language Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webber, Dana E.

    2013-01-01

    Using technology to develop a collaborative-reflective teaching practice in a world language education methods course block for teaching certification creates unique opportunities for world language education undergraduates to learn to develop synthecultural competence for education. Such a program allows undergraduates to expand their capacity to…

  20. Employment after Vision Loss: Results of a Collective Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crudden, Adele

    2002-01-01

    A collective case study approach was used to examine factors that influence the job retention of persons with vision loss. Computer technology was found to be a major positive influence and print access and technology were a source of stress for most participants (n=10). (Contains 7 references.) (Author/CR)

  1. New surveillance technologies and their publics: A case of biometrics.

    PubMed

    Martin, Aaron K; Donovan, Kevin P

    2014-02-01

    Before a newly-elected government abandoned the project in 2010, for at least eight years the British state actively sought to introduce a mandatory national identification scheme for which the science and technology of biometrics was central. Throughout the effort, government representatives attempted to portray biometrics as a technology that was easily understandable and readily accepted by the public. However, neither task was straightforward. Instead, particular publics emerged that showed biometric technology was rarely well understood and often disagreeable. In contrast to some traditional conceptualizations of the relationship between public understanding and science, it was often those entities that best understood the technology that found it least acceptable, rather than those populations that lacked knowledge. This paper analyzes the discourses that pervaded the case in order to untangle how various publics are formed and exhibit differing, conflicting understandings of a novel technology. PMID:24510921

  2. Under Which Conditions Do Technology Intermediaries Enhance Firms' Innovation Speed? The Case of Belgium's Collective Research Centres

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirjam Knockaert; André Spithoven

    2012-01-01

    Knockaert M. and Spithoven A. Under which conditions do technology intermediaries enhance firms' innovation speed? The case of Belgium's collective research centres, Regional Studies. So far little research has analysed the role of technology intermediaries in enhancing firms' innovation speed. This research aims to fill this gap by studying a specific type of technology intermediary, namely the collective research centres

  3. Pathology Case Study: Lymphoplasmacytic Infiltrate

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Whisnant, Richard

    This hematopathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 40-year-old woman presenting with a nodule in the skin on the left jaw line. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of these images, and the patientâ??s immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  4. Eco Audit Bottle Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ashby, Mike

    2011-02-01

    10 minute excerpt from a web seminar with Mike Ashby (February 2011) describes a case study that can be used to introduce sustainability concepts to introductory level students. Based on Powerpoint lecture unit 12 which can also be found on the Granta Design site at http://teaching.grantadesign.com/open/eco.htm or on MatDL at http://matdl.org/repository/view/matdl:1058.

  5. Stochastic efficiency: five case studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proesmans, Karel; Van den Broeck, Christian

    2015-06-01

    Stochastic efficiency is evaluated in five case studies: driven Brownian motion, effusion with a thermo-chemical and thermo-velocity gradient, a quantum dot and a model for information to work conversion. The salient features of stochastic efficiency, including the maximum of the large deviation function at the reversible efficiency, are reproduced. The approach to and extrapolation into the asymptotic time regime are documented.

  6. Simulations of Technology-Induced and Crisis-Led Stochastic and Chaotic Fluctuations in Higher Education Processes: A Model and a Case Study for Performance and Expected Employment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmet, Kara

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a simple model of the provision of higher educational services that considers and exemplifies nonlinear, stochastic, and potentially chaotic processes. I use the methods of system dynamics to simulate these processes in the context of a particular sociologically interesting case, namely that of the Turkish higher education…

  7. Context Matters: Increasing Understanding with Interactive Clicker Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundeberg, Mary A.; Kang, Hosun; Wolter, Bjorn; delMas, Robert; Armstrong, Norris; Borsari, Bruno; Boury, Nancy; Brickman, Peggy; Hannam, Kristi; Heinz, Cheryl; Horvath, Thomas; Knabb, Maureen; Platt, Terry; Rice, Nancy; Rogers, Bill; Sharp, Joan; Ribbens, Eric; Maier, Kimberly S.; Deschryver, Mike; Hagley, Rodney; Goulet, Tamar; Herreid, Clyde F.

    2011-01-01

    Although interactive technology is presumed to increase student understanding in large classes, no previous research studies have empirically explored the effects of Clicker Cases on students' performance. A Clicker Case is a story (e.g., a problem someone is facing) that uses clickers (student response systems) to engage students in understanding…

  8. Terahertz applications in cultural heritage: case studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giovannacci, D.; Martos-Levif, D.; Walker, G. C.; Menu, M.; Detalle, V.

    2013-11-01

    Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and imaging is a non-destructive, non-contact, non-invasive technology emerging as a tool for the analysis of cultural heritage. THz Time Domain Spectroscopy (TDS) techniques have the ability to retrieve information from different layers within a stratified sample, that enable the identification of hidden sub-layers in the case of paints and mural paintings. In this paper, we present the THz TDS2 system developed in the European Commission's 7th Framework Program project CHARISMA [grant agreement no. 228330]. Bespoke single processing algorithms; including a deconvolution algorithm can be deployed to increase the resolution and the global performance of the system. The potential and impact of this work is demonstrated through two case studies of mural paintings, where the capability to reveal the stratigraphy of the artworks is demonstrated.

  9. Case Study Research and Theory Building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry M. Dooley

    2002-01-01

    The problem and the solution. This chapter overviews case study research and proposes a manner in which case study research can contribute to theory building in applied disciplines. Although theory building using case study research has been discussed previously in the literature, there is no clarity as to how case study research can be used to build theory. Moreover, it

  10. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Nodules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Arnold, Sonya

    This pediatric pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. The learning objectives located at the top of the page are a great way for students to evaluate their learning progress. This case involves a 12-year-old girl presenting with recurrent lung nodules. Images from chest x-rays and a lung biopsy provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of these images is also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  11. Case Study: A Case of Seasonal Affective Disorder

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2004-10-29

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with seasonal affective disorder (retina, pineal gland, melatonin). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  12. Case Study: A Case of Spinal Cord Injury

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2005-12-02

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with spinal cord injury (plegia, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, dermatome, stretch reflex). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  13. A case for case studies: exploring the use of case study design in community nursing research.

    PubMed

    Bergen, A; While, A

    2000-04-01

    The case study has become an accepted vehicle for conducting research in a variety of disciplines. However, the meaning behind the term is not always made explicit by researchers and this has given rise to a number of assumptions which are open to challenge, and to questions about the robustness of the method. This paper explores some of the issues arising from one particular definition of case study research, used in a study by Yin which examined the practice of case management in community nursing. Four main areas are discussed. First, defining 'case' is seen to pose questions about the relationship of the phenomenon to its context, the degree of researcher control over case definition, the limits to what may constitute a 'case' and what is meant by the term 'unit of analysis'. Second, the relevance of external validity to case study research is supported through the use of a number of tactics, in particular Yin's concept of replication logic, which involves generalizing to theory, rather than to empirical data. Third, the use of method triangulation (multiple methods of data collection) is advanced as a means of enhancing construct validity in research where data converge around a particular theory. Finally, the relationship of the case study to theory construction, through the prior development of 'propositions' is discussed. Each of these issues is applied to the design and conduct of a research study based closely on Yin's multiple case study framework. Thirteen 'cases' were selected of case management practice and data were collected through interviews and examination of literature and documentation, to explore the suitability of community nurses for the role. It is concluded that, given the appropriate subject matter, context and research aims, the case study method may be seen as a credible option in nursing research. PMID:10759989

  14. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Hypertension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Horn, Kevin D.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 20-year-old man has a history of pulmonary hypertension. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Chronic Hypertension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a clinical chemistry case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old female has longstanding hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Visitors are given catheterization procedure data and retroperitoneal ultrasound findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Intraventricular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 22-year-old previously healthy woman was admitted to the hospital following a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Visitors are given admission data, CT scan images as well as microscopic description and images in order to provide the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Lung Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in learning. A 59-year-old patient with a history of smoking was admitted for a biopsy of his recently transplanted liver. Laboratory results, X-ray images, microscopic descriptions and images are provided to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The doctor's official conclusions and references are included in the "Final Diagnosis" section. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Testicular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Fowler, Jason C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

  19. Pathology Case Study: Flank Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ohori, N. Paul

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man noticed a large and painful mass on his right flank. A previous mass had been removed surgically but developed a post- operation fever and related difficulties. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of clinical microbiology.

  20. Pathology Case Study: Macrocytic Anemia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bahler, David

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older man suffering from chronic bronchitis and macrocytic anemia also developed persistent flu symptoms. Visitors view the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  1. Pathology Case Study: Chronic Sinusitis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Becich, Michael J.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Hepatitis C

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richert, Charles A.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old male with Hepatitis C has had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

  3. Pathology Case Study: Metastasizing Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rao, Uma N. M.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  4. Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ejadi, Samuel

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hardy, Hunter T.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

  6. Pathology Case Study: Mediastinal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Fowler, Jason C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Renal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christakos, Peter

    This is a pediatric pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Cervical Lymphadenopathy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Contis, Lydia C.

    This is a hematopathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 17-year-old female has cervical lymphadenopathy. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  9. Pathology Case Study: Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    DeFrances, Marie C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  10. Pathology Case Study: Skin Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Holst, Valerie

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman with uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma with focal squamous differentiation arising in complex atypical hyperplasia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

  11. Small Engine Component Technology (SECT) study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larkin, T. R.

    1986-01-01

    The objective of this study is to identify high payoff technologies for year 2000 small gas turbine engines, and to provide a technology plan to guide research and technology efforts toward revolutionizing the small gas turbine technology base. The goal is to define the required technology to provide a 30 percent reduction in mission fuel burned, to reduce direct operating costs by at least 10 percent, and to provide increased reliability and durability of the gas turbine propulsion system. The baseline established to evaluate the year 2000 technology base was an 8-passenger commercial tilt-rotor aircraft powered by a current technology gas turbine engine. Three basic engine cycles were studied: the simple cycle engine, a waste heat recovery cycle, and a wave rotor engine cycle. For the simple cycle engine, two general arrangements were considered: the traditional concentric spool arrangement and a nonconcentric spool arrangement. Both a regenerative and a recuperative cycle were studied for the waste heat recovery cycle.

  12. Theory-Testing Using Case Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bas Hillebrand; Robert A. W. Kok; Wim G. Biemans

    2001-01-01

    In a recent issue of Industrial Marketing Management, Johnston, Leach, and Liu made a strong case for the use of case studies. Although they convincingly argued that researchers should follow a rigorous and systematic approach in conducting case studies, they failed to address the most important criticism of case studies, i.e., their alleged lack of generalizability. In this reaction to

  13. Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patrick Field (Kean University Department of Biological Sciences)

    2001-10-01

    This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in anatomy. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the nervous system. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  14. Case Study: Wearing on Her Nerves

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)

    2011-05-23

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  15. The curious case of case study: a viewpoint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malcolm Tight

    2010-01-01

    Case study is widely referred to and applied within social research, but its status remains unclear. Is it a method, a methodology, a strategy, a design, an approach or what? What does its employment in social research signify? This article critically reviews both the generic social research methods literature, and the work of two of case study’s most fervent recent

  16. The role of nuclear microprobes in the study of technology, provenance and corrosion of cultural heritage: The case of gold and silver items

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guerra, M. F.; Tissot, I.

    2013-07-01

    This work gives an overview of the main questions raised by gold and silver items kept in museum collections and of the role of nuclear microprobes in their study and conservation. The different approached questions are illustrated by examples; analytical data is given and discussed; and the advantages of IBA are considered: spatial resolution, penetration depth, limits of detection, mapping, etc.

  17. Studying Research Collaboration Patterns via Co-authorship Analysis in the Field of TeL: The Case of "Educational Technology & Society" Journal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zervas, Panagiotis; Tsitmidelli, Asimenia; Sampson, Demetrios G.; Chen, Nian-Shing; Kinshuk

    2014-01-01

    Research collaboration is studied in different research areas, so as to provide useful insights on how researchers combine existing distributed scientific knowledge and transform it into new knowledge. Commonly used metrics for measuring research collaborative activity include, among others, the co-authored publications (concerned with who works…

  18. The LSST sensor technologies studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Geary; D. Figer; D. K. Gilmore; P. O'Connor; J. Oliver; V. Radeka; C. Stubbs; P. Takas; J. A. Tyson

    2006-01-01

    The LSST project has embarked on an aggressive new program to develop the next generation of silicon imagers for the visible and near-IR spectral regions. In order to better understand and solve some of the technology issues prior to development and mass-production for the huge LSST focal plane, a number of contracts have been written to imager firms to explore

  19. Lunar Outpost Technologies Breakeven Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perka, Alan

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation compares several Lunar Outpost (LO) life support technology combinations, evaluates the combinations for two clothing options, (i.e., Disposable clothing, and using Laundry to clean the soiled clothing) and evaluates the use of the Advanced Life Support Sizing and Analysis Tool (ALSSAT) to estimate Equivalent System Mass (ESM)

  20. Towards a more realistic appraisal of IT impacts and outcomes a case study analysis based on the structurational model of information technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wee Beng Geok; Kenny Lee; Richard Loh

    1994-01-01

    This paper attempts to conceptualise the various issues in the IT-change process within the framework of Olikowski and Robey's (1991) structurational model of IT. This model is derived from Anthony Gidden's interpretation of social reality in his theory of structuration and provides a meta-theoretical framework which allows for a broad-based systemic approach to the study of organisations. From Gidden's concept

  1. Damage Assessment Model for Freshwater Consumption and a Case Study on PET Bottle Production Applied New Technology for Water Footprint Reduction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masaharu Motoshita; Norihiro Itsubo; Kiyotaka Tahara; Atsushi Inaba

    \\u000a The effects of freshwater consumption will differ from country to country depending on the availability of freshwater resource\\u000a and adaptability to water scarcity. In this study, damage assessment model focused on human health and social asset damage\\u000a caused by freshwater consumption was developed based on statistical data analysis. Calculated damage factors showed that undernourishment\\u000a damage due to agricultural water scarcity

  2. Privacy, technology, and norms: the case of Smart Meters.

    PubMed

    Horne, Christine; Darras, Brice; Bean, Elyse; Srivastava, Anurag; Frickel, Scott

    2015-05-01

    Norms shift and emerge in response to technological innovation. One such innovation is Smart Meters - components of Smart Grid energy systems capable of minute-to-minute transmission of consumer electricity use information. We integrate theory from sociological research on social norms and privacy to examine how privacy threats affect the demand for and expectations of norms that emerge in response to new technologies, using Smart Meters as a test case. Results from three vignette experiments suggest that increased threats to privacy created by Smart Meters are likely to provoke strong demand for and expectations of norms opposing the technology and that the strength of these normative rules is at least partly conditional on the context. Privacy concerns vary little with actors' demographic characteristics. These findings contribute to theoretical understanding of norm emergence and have practical implications for implementing privacy protections that effectively address concerns of electricity users. PMID:25769852

  3. Pediatric sepsis: a case study.

    PubMed

    Umbriaco, Francesco; Andreoni, Colleen

    2013-01-01

    Abdominal pain with vomiting is a common pediatric complaint in the emergency department setting that can lead to a more insidious disease state. The article depicts a case study of a 21-month-old male child presenting with these signs and symptoms that ultimately resulted in a diagnosis of septic shock. The importance of physical assessment, rapid response to findings with time-constrained empirical interventions, the relevance of pediatric sepsis to the provider, the consideration of access to health care, and a holistic approach to treatment of the patient and the family are highlighted. The application and explanation of evidence-based guidelines is also depicted in the management of the patient. PMID:24176830

  4. Pathology Case Study: Dog Bites

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Driscoll, Eileen

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Stillborn Fetus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Klatt, Edward C., 1951-

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.

  6. Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Distention

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rao, Uma N. M.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Immunoglobulin Deficiency

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lopez-Plaza, Iliana

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 60-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with severe back pain. The patientâ??s medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. Results from laboratory tests are also provided in a table. After looking at the â??Patient Historyâ?ť and â??Laboratory Investigationsâ?ť sections, students should proceed on to the â??Questionsâ?ť section, where they can test their knowledge of diagnostics. Then test your answers with the official findings in the â??Diagnosisâ?ť section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of transfusion medicine.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Bilateral Pneumonia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Davie, James

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

  9. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gregorio, Remigio

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 46-year-old gentleman with a persistent right lower lobe pulmonary mass after a successfully treated cavitary pneumonia 5 months ago." Visitors are given patient history along with radiology findings and images. They are also given gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

  10. Teaching Engineering Ethics Through a Nanoscale Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Hipp

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a nanoscale case-study that applies an integrative approach to teaching engineering ethics. This case study involves an NSF-sponsored report on converging technologies for improving human performance. Public debate is widening, policy makers are demanding explicit consideration of ethical, legal, and social aspects, and popular books are explaining the achievements and promises of nanoscience. Since ethical decision-making is

  11. The sony corporation: A case study in transnational media management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Gershon; Tsutomu Kanayama

    2002-01-01

    The following paper is a case study analysis of the Sony Corporation; a leading transnational media corporation in the production and sale of consumer electronics, music and film entertainment and videogame technology. There are two main parts to this study. Part I, examines the history and development of the Sony Corporation. This paper argues that the business strategies and corporate

  12. An Ethics Primer: Case Studies Teaching Background

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to case studies and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of case study methodology that can be used with a wide variety of scenarios.

  13. The case for case studies in management research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Patton; Steven H. Appelbaum

    2003-01-01

    It is commonly asserted that qualitative research in the organizational sciences lacks the rigor and objectivity of the quantitative approach. Case studies, while commonly used for educational purposes, have been viewed in a less favorable light in terms of research. This paper suggests that case studies represent an important research track in organizational science, not only as a method of

  14. Dialogic Global Studies for Multicultural Technology Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durakovic, Emina; Feigl, Britta Marion; Fischer, Bettina Marion; Fleck, Christopher; Galler, Lisa-Maria; Heinrich, Johannes; Kulmer, Karin; Kurzweil, Birgitta; Scholze, Markus; Sperl, Raphael Stefan; Unterkofler, Rene; Remele, Kurt; Matzenberger, Julian; Ahamer, Gilbert

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show a practical case of dialogic web-based learning that has provided a set of questions analysing two complex technological projects in "southern" countries with effects on multicultural equity. Design/methodology/approach: Structured online review processes in multicultural and systems science curricula…

  15. RISK AND TECHNOLOGY REVIEW (RTR) RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGIES: FOR REVIEW BY THE EPA'S SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD - CASE STUDIES - MACT I PETROLEUM REFINING SOURCES AND PORTLAND CEMENT MANUFACTURING (EPA-452/R-09-006)

    EPA Science Inventory

    A compilation of risk assessment methodologies for review by EPA's Science Advisory Board, including 2 case study assessments; one for Petroleum Refineries and one for Portland Cement Manufacturing....

  16. Technology assessment for clean energy technologies: The case of the Pacific Northwest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tugrul Daim; Diane Yates; Yicheng Peng; Bertha Jimenez

    2009-01-01

    This study presents a technology assessment for clean power generation in the Pacific Northwest. Our goal is to incorporate clean production principles into the evaluation process for power alternatives. Two types of technologies are considered: one is for a renewable energy source (wind) and the other is for a traditional, fossil fuel based energy source (coal). The Analytical Hierarchy Process

  17. Users' contributions to radical innovation: evidence from four cases in the field of medical equipment technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Lettl; Cornelius Herstatt; Hans Georg Gemuenden

    2006-01-01

    This paper focuses on contributions of users in early phases of radical innovation projects. In a multiple case study analysis in the field of medical equipment technology, we identify characteristics of users who contribute substantially to the development of radical innovations by being their inventors and (co)-developers. These innovative users have high motivation to seek new solutions, possess a diverse

  18. Assistive Technology as an Accommodation for a Student with Mild Disabilities: The Case of Alex

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brackenreed, Darlene

    2008-01-01

    This case study investigated the impact of selected types of adaptive and assistive technology (AT) on the learning gains and academic achievement levels of a female student with mild disabilities in her sixth and seventh grades in a Catholic school board in northeastern Ontario. Interviews were conducted with the parent, student, and pre-service…

  19. An Examination of the Effectiveness of Case Method Teaching Online: Does the Technology Matter?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Sharon; Sutton, Jann Marie

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the effectiveness of the case method when teaching online by comparing synchronous and asynchronous communication technologies with respect to how well they each embody Chickering and Gamson's Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. The authors also present their empirical study of the effectiveness of…

  20. The case study of biomaterials and biominerals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Del Hoyo Martínez, Carmen

    2013-04-01

    The teaching of biomaterials as case study by on-line platform , susceptible to develop both individually and in groups, got different objectives proposed by the European Higher Education System, among which include: participate actively in the teaching-learning process by students, interpreting situations, adapt processes and solutions. It also improves oral and written communication, analytical skills and synthesis and also the ability to think critically. Biomaterials have their origin in biominerals. These are solid inorganic compounds of defined structure, consisting of molecular control mechanisms that operate in biological systems. Its main functions are: structural support, a reservoir of essential elements, sensors, mechanical protection and storage of toxic elements. Following the demand of materials compatible with certain functional systems of our body, developed biomaterials. Always meet the condition of biocompatibility. Should be tolerated by the body and do not provoke rejection. This involves a comprehensive study of physiological conditions and the anatomy of the body where a biomaterial has to be implemented. The possibility of generating new materials from biominerals has a major impact in medicine and other fields could reach as geology, construction, crystallography, etc. While the study of these issues is in its infancy today, can be viewed as an impact on the art and future technology. Planning case study that students would prepare its report for discussion in subgroups. Occurs then the pooling of individual analysis, joint case discussion and adoption by the subgroup of a consensual solution to the problem. The teacher as facilitator and coordinator of the final case analysis, sharing leads to group-wide class and said the unanimous decision reached by the students and gives his opinion on the resolution of the case. REFERENCES D.P. Ausubel. Psicología Educativa. Un punto de vista cognoscitivo. Trillas. Ed. 1983. E.W. Eisner. Procesos cognitivos y currículum. Una base para decidir lo que hay que enseńar. Martínez Roca Ed. 1987. C.O. Oriakhi. Polymer Nanocomposition Approach to Advanced Materials, Journal of Chemical Education. Vol. 77. 2000. 9-16. G. Lagaly & T. J. Pinnavaia.Clay Mineral-Polymer Nanocomposites, Applied Clay Science. Vol. 5. 1999. G. Gibbs. Changing lecturer's conceptions of teaching and learning through action research,. SRHE Press, 1995.

  1. The Case Study: An Open or Shut Case? Contrasting Approaches to Case Study Design

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leslie M. Nesbitt

    2005-01-01

    The hallmark of an open-ended case study is the possibility of multiple outcomes to the problem at hand. This adds to its realism, provokes higher-order thought, and attracts many instructors to case analysis. Yet, there are circumstances in which a closed-ended approach, having a single correct answer, may be preferred. This article weighs the advantages and disadvantages of both approaches.

  2. Knowledge Consolidation Analysis: Toward a Methodology for Studying the Role of Argument in Technology Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyehouse, Jeremiah

    2007-01-01

    Researchers studying technology development often examine how rhetorical activity contributes to technologies' design, implementation, and stabilization. This article offers a possible methodology for studying one role of rhetorical activity in technology development: knowledge consolidation analysis. Applying this method to an exemplar case, the…

  3. Case Study: Anyone Who Had a Heart

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

    2004-12-04

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in animal physiology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with the cardiovascular system (fetal and adult). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  4. Small Transport Aircraft Technology /STAT/ Propulsion Study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heldenbrand, R. W.; Baerst, C. F.; Rowse, J. H.

    1980-01-01

    The NASA Small Transport Aircraft Technology (STAT) Propulsion Study was established to identify technology requirements and define the research and development required for new commuter aircraft. Interim results of the studies defined mission and design characteristics for 30- and 50-passenger aircraft. Sensitivities were defined that relate changes in engine specific fuel consumption (SFC), weight, and cost (including maintenance) to changes in the aircraft direct operating cost (DOC), takeoff gross weight, and empty weight. A comparison of performance and economic characteristics is presented between aircraft powered by 1980 production engines and those powered by a 1990 advanced technology baseline engine.

  5. Technological innovation in neurosurgery: a quantitative study.

    PubMed

    Marcus, Hani J; Hughes-Hallett, Archie; Kwasnicki, Richard M; Darzi, Ara; Yang, Guang-Zhong; Nandi, Dipankar

    2015-07-01

    OBJECT Technological innovation within health care may be defined as the introduction of a new technology that initiates a change in clinical practice. Neurosurgery is a particularly technology-intensive surgical discipline, and new technologies have preceded many of the major advances in operative neurosurgical techniques. The aim of the present study was to quantitatively evaluate technological innovation in neurosurgery using patents and peer-reviewed publications as metrics of technology development and clinical translation, respectively. METHODS The authors searched a patent database for articles published between 1960 and 2010 using the Boolean search term "neurosurgeon OR neurosurgical OR neurosurgery." The top 50 performing patent codes were then grouped into technology clusters. Patent and publication growth curves were then generated for these technology clusters. A top-performing technology cluster was then selected as an exemplar for a more detailed analysis of individual patents. RESULTS In all, 11,672 patents and 208,203 publications related to neurosurgery were identified. The top-performing technology clusters during these 50 years were image-guidance devices, clinical neurophysiology devices, neuromodulation devices, operating microscopes, and endoscopes. In relation to image-guidance and neuromodulation devices, the authors found a highly correlated rapid rise in the numbers of patents and publications, which suggests that these are areas of technology expansion. An in-depth analysis of neuromodulation-device patents revealed that the majority of well-performing patents were related to deep brain stimulation. CONCLUSIONS Patent and publication data may be used to quantitatively evaluate technological innovation in neurosurgery. PMID:25699414

  6. Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Granderson, Jessica; Piette, Mary Ann; Ghatikar, Girish

    2010-03-22

    Measured energy performance data are essential to national efforts to improve building efficiency, as evidenced in recent benchmarking mandates, and in a growing body of work that indicates the value of permanent monitoring and energy information feedback. This paper presents case studies of energy information systems (EIS) at four enterprises and university campuses, focusing on the attained energy savings, and successes and challenges in technology use and integration. EIS are broadly defined as performance monitoring software, data acquisition hardware, and communication systems to store, analyze and display building energy information. Case investigations showed that the most common energy savings and instances of waste concerned scheduling errors, measurement and verification, and inefficient operations. Data quality is critical to effective EIS use, and is most challenging at the subsystem or component level, and with non-electric energy sources. Sophisticated prediction algorithms may not be well understood but can be applied quite effectively, and sites with custom benchmark models or metrics are more likely to perform analyses external to the EIS. Finally, resources and staffing were identified as a universal challenge, indicating a need to identify additional models of EIS use that extend beyond exclusive in-house use, to analysis services.

  7. Practicing Technology Implementation: The Case of an Enterprise System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Awazu, Yukika

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on four theories of practice--Communities of Practice (CoP), Bourdieu's theory of practice, Pickering's mangle of practice, and Actor Network Theory (ANT), the study provides an in-depth understanding about technology implementation practice. Analysis of an Enterprise System implementation project in a software manufacturing…

  8. Citizen Science Case Study: Galaxy Zoo / Zooniverse Nathan R. Prestopnik

    E-print Network

    Crowston, Kevin

    Citizen Science Case Study: Galaxy Zoo / Zooniverse Nathan R. Prestopnik Syracuse University napresto@syr.edu Abstract Galaxy Zoo and other "Zooniverse" websites are citizen science projects designed Zoo and its sister citizen science websites as interactive technology artifacts, with emphasis placed

  9. Rural Telework: Case Studies from the Australian Outback.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simpson, Lyn; Daws, Leonie; Pini, Barbara; Wood, Leanne

    2003-01-01

    Case studies of rural teleworking in an Australian government department and a community organization found that a key constraint is lack of telecommunications and services infrastructure. Teleworkers had differing views of working in isolation, depending on the nature of work roles, attitudes toward technology, and personal life experiences.…

  10. A Recap of the 2011 ISPI University Case Study Competition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Karen; Blake, Anne

    2012-01-01

    In early 2011, the International Society for Performance Improvement (ISPI) invited three universities--University of North Carolina, Charlotte; Purdue University; and Wayne State University--to participate in the third annual University Human Performance Technology (HPT) Case Study Competition. Each university put together a team of three or four…

  11. Case Studies of Action Research in Various Adult Education Settings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhne, Gary W.; Weirauch, Drucie; Fetterman, David J.; Mearns, Raiana M.; Kalinosky, Kathy; Cegles, Kathleen A.; Ritchey, Linda

    1997-01-01

    Six case studies illustrate action research in adult education: faculty development in a museum, participation in a church congregation, retention of literacy volunteers in a corrections center, learner participation in a homeless shelter, technology innovation in a university, and infection control in a hospital. (SK)

  12. Configurable Process Models: Experiences from a Municipality Case Study

    E-print Network

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands. {f.gottschalk, m.h.jansen-vullers, w in previous research, this paper presents a case study in which these techniques were extensively tested. Although legislation is establishing the important steps, some freedom is left regarding the concrete

  13. Merging Computers and Communication: A Case Study in Latin America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oeffinger, John C.

    1987-01-01

    Discusses access to information through merging computers and new communications technology and its influence in developing nations. Highlights include a case study of InterNet/LACRIP (Latin American Cancer Research Information Project), a microcomputer-based international network involving institutions in the United States and Latin America that…

  14. Case Study: eCoaching in a Corporate Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warner, Teri L. C.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative particularistic case study was an exploration and evaluation of an online, asynchronous, non-human coaching system called an "eCoaching system." Developed by the researcher, the eCoaching system combined performance coaching with the latest technologies in eLearning. The coaching was based on the appreciative inquiry approach, and…

  15. Using Case Studies to Teach Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid (University at Buffalo, State University of New York; )

    2005-05-01

    This article inspires educators to understand how case study teaching has gained a strong foothold in science education. Advances in the field include variations on methodology, from whole class discussion to the jigsaw approach, an increase in educational resources on the topic, over a thousand studies that show improved learning when case studies are used, and a survey that illustrates students enjoy and benefit from case studies.

  16. Small Engine Component Technology (SECT) study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Singh, B.

    1986-01-01

    Small advanced (450 to 850 pounds thrust, 2002 to 3781 N) gas turbine engines were studied for a subsonic strategic cruise missile application, using projected year 2000 technology. An aircraft, mission characteristics, and baseline (state-of-the-art) engine were defined to evaluate technology benefits. Engine performance and configuration analyses were performed for two and three spool turbofan and propfan engine concepts. Mission and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analyses were performed in which the candidate engines were compared to the baseline engines over a prescribed mission. The advanced technology engines reduced system LCC up to 41 percent relative to the baseline engine. Critical aerodynamic, materials, and mechanical systems turbine engine technologies were identified and program plans were defined for each identified critical technology.

  17. Case Study: Solar science communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Sánchez-Andrade Nuńo

    2008-01-01

    The gap between scientific research and society is obvious. Unfortunately in most cases we are not able or don't pay enough attention to communicating the marvels of the Universe in which we all live to the public. In solar physics we are living in a privileged era, not only because we are pushing our observational limits further, but also because

  18. Knowledge Transformation through ICT in Science Education: A Case Study in Teacher-Driven Curriculum Development-Case Study 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    La Velle, Linda Baggott; McFarlane, Angela; Brawn, Richard

    2003-01-01

    Reviews issues in the development of an instructional design initiative to further understanding of knowledge transformation in science education through ICT (information and communications technology), and presents a case study of current ICT use in science education in the United Kingdom that involved collaboration between teachers, researchers,…

  19. [Methods of psychotherapy case studies: current perspectives].

    PubMed

    Kramer, Ueli

    2011-01-01

    There is a renewal of interest among psychotherapy researchers and psychotherapists towards psychotherapy case studies. This article presents two paradigms that have greatly influenced this increasing interest in psychotherapy case studies : the pragmatic case study and the theory-building case study paradigm. The origins, developments and key-concepts of both paradigms are presented, as well as their methodological and ethical specificities. Examples of case studies, along with models developed, are cited. The differential influence of the post-modern schools on both paradigms are presented, as well as their contribution to the field of methods of psychotherapy case studies discussed and assessed in terms of relevance for the researcher and the psychotherapist. PMID:21983911

  20. Making Extension Efforts More Effective: A Case Study of Malian Shea Butter Producers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Assa Kante; Carl G. Igo; Martin J. Frick

    The researchers conducted an ethnographic case study in three villages in Mali (West Africa) to ascertain shea butter producers' perceptions toward technologies that improve the efficiency of shea butter production. The study revealed that the appropriateness of time and labor saving technologies for Malian women who produce shea butter depended on: 1) the relative cost of the technologies; 2) the

  1. The Ability of Automakers to Introduce a Costly, Regulated New Technology: A Case Study of Automotive Airbags in the U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle Market with Implications for Future Automobile and Light Truck Regulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ethan Abeles

    2004-01-01

    A case study was conducted to better understand automaker behavior in response to regulation. In this case, it was found that the potentially costly impact of the rules was largely offset by a variety of automaker behaviors and strategies, and by shifts in consumer demand for safety.

  2. Academic Planning: Four Institutional Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kieft, Raymond N.

    As part of a project studying intrainstitutional planning, management, and evaluation, four case studies were undertaken in 1976 of academic planning at Villa Maria College, Kansas City Metropolitan Community College District, West Virginia University, and Western Washington University. The case studies were part of an ongoing project, the…

  3. Arsenic Removal - Adsorptive Media and Coagulation/Filtration Case Studies - Slides

    EPA Science Inventory

    This presentation provides information on the results of three case studies from USEPA arsenic demonstration program. The first case study presented is on the Rimrock, AZ project that used an adsorptive media technology (E33 media) to remove arsenic. The second case study is o...

  4. Rethinking the role of the state in technology development: DARPA and the case for embedded network governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erica R. H. Fuchs

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the role of the state in re-architecting social networks and thereby new technology directions in the United States. It draws on a case study of DARPA's Microsystems Technology Office from 1992 to 2008. Leveraging one of the most radical directorships in DARPA's history, I argue that the perceived “death” of DARPA under Tony Tether was because past

  5. Using CASE to Exploit Process Modeling in Technology Transfer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Renz-Olar, Cheryl

    2003-01-01

    A successful business will be one that has processes in place to run that business. Creating processes, reengineering processes, and continually improving processes can be accomplished through extensive modeling. Casewise(R) Corporate Modeler(TM) CASE is a computer aided software engineering tool that will enable the Technology Transfer Department (TT) at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to capture these abilities. After successful implementation of CASE, it could then go on to be applied in other departments at MSFC and other centers at NASA. The success of a business process is dependent upon the players working as a team and continuously improving the process. A good process fosters customer satisfaction as well as internal satisfaction in the organizational infrastructure. CASE provides a method for business process success through functions consisting of systems and processes business models; specialized diagrams; matrix management; simulation; report generation and publishing; and, linking, importing, and exporting documents and files. The software has an underlying repository or database to support these functions. The Casewise. manual informs us that dynamics modeling is a technique used in business design and analysis. Feedback is used as a tool for the end users and generates different ways of dealing with the process. Feedback on this project resulted from collection of issues through a systems analyst interface approach of interviews with process coordinators and Technical Points of Contact (TPOCs).

  6. Information Technology and the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Searles, John E.

    1983-01-01

    The information revolution is making various impacts on social studies. Students are children of this age and are learning social ideas from technology. The information revolution should be part of the social studies curriculum. Unresolved questions (e.g., Who should write computer software?) and some thoughts on the future are discussed. (RM)

  7. Vasovagal Syncope Case Study/Laboratory Supplement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Jan Foster (North Greenville University Biology)

    2012-05-01

    This is a case study emphasizing neural control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to be completed during an undergraduate anatomy and physiology laboratory period on the study of blood pressure and hemodynamics. This case study involves guided student exploration in understanding of the autonomic nervous system, heart rate, total peripheral resistance, cardiac output, blood pressure, and autoregulatory range. This study also includes an optional section on cardiovascular responses in pregnancy.

  8. BATEC Information Technology Workforce Skills Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Broadening Advanced Technological Education Connections (BATEC) is a regional partnership between business, industry, government and community that is a development system for information technology. This system is an attempt to attract a diverse workforce for the promotion of lifelong learning in this discipline. This specific resource explores "the implications of the shift in corporate valuation from physical to intellectual capital for technical workers, and provides detailed suggestions regarding the responses required for education at all levels that educates our technological workforce." The PDF is broken down into a research methodology, data presentation, findings/observations, regional employment outlook and conclusions/recommendations. This study is a thorough introduction into professional development in the field of information technology.

  9. Case Study: Youth Perceptions of Citizenship 

    E-print Network

    Bryant, Marie Jolliff

    2012-10-19

    This study examines the perceptions of citizenship of youth involved in a community civic engagement program. The UP-BEAT Youth Health Leadership program trained youth participants in public speaking, technology, youth mapping, leadership...

  10. Education R and D Information. Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    The Council of Europe's Documentation Center for Education in Europe sponsored case studies of research and development information systems for education in Finland, France, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The resulting case studies are each divided into the following six sections: (1) the problem of information and documentation in…

  11. Successful Principal Leadership: Australian Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurr, David; Drysdale, Lawrie; Mulford, Bill

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide an Australian perspective on successful school leadership. Design/methodology/approach: The paper focuses on case studies in two Australian states (Tasmania and Victoria). Case studies for each state were developed independently and are reported separately. Findings: The findings show a remarkable degree of…

  12. A Constructive Controversy Approach to "Case Studies"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Sharon R.; Erickson, Karla A.

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of analysis of student responses to a case study titled "Drinks and Dinner," the authors evaluate the pedagogical potential of using constructive controversy case studies to teach about inequality. "Drinks and Dinner" is designed to capture the complexity of social interactions that defy simple solutions to engage students in…

  13. Case-Control Study of Writer's Cramp

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roze, E.; Soumare, A.; Pironneau, I.; Sangla, S.; de Cock, V. Cochen; Teixeira, A.; Astorquiza, A.; Bonnet, C.; Bleton, J. P.; Vidailhet, M.; Elbaz, A.

    2009-01-01

    Task-specific focal dystonias are thought to be due to a combination of individual vulnerability and environmental factors. There are no case-control studies of risk factors for writer's cramp. We undertook a case-control study of 104 consecutive patients and matched controls to identify risk factors for the condition. We collected detailed data…

  14. Crowdsourcing for e-governance: case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neeta Shah; Ashutosh Dhanesha; Dravida Seetharam

    2009-01-01

    In this case study, we share our experience with creating and running a large scale initiative in the state of Gujarat in India wherein Crowdsourcing [1] was used to develop e-Governance applications. The case study provides details on the methodology used, lessons learnt, key success factors, challenges faced, and recommendations for future usage of crowdsourcing for building e-Governance applications. In

  15. Twenty Techniques for Teaching with Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sudzina, Mary R.

    2005-01-01

    Problem-based learning and teaching with case studies are instructional approaches that are increasingly being applied in a variety of disciplines, such as business, law, medicine, and education. Instructors who have experienced traditional, teacher-centered instruction are often looking for ways to successfully integrate case studies, a…

  16. Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and

    E-print Network

    Zheng, Chunmiao

    Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and Application to the North China Plain this study focuses on the NCP, it illustrates a general modeling framework for analyzing the sustainability

  17. Are nested case-control studies biased?

    PubMed

    Langholz, Bryan; Richardson, David

    2009-05-01

    It has been recently asserted that the nested case-control study design, in which case-control sets are sampled from cohort risk sets, can introduce bias ("study design bias") when there are lagged exposures. The bases for this claim include a theoretical and an "empirical evaluation" argument. We examined both of these arguments and found them to be incorrect. We describe an appropriate empirical evaluation method to explore the performance of nested case-control study designs and analysis methods from an existing cohort. This empirical evaluation approach relies on simulating case-control outcomes from risk sets in the cohort from which the case-control study is to be performed. Because it is based on the underlying cohort structure, the empirical evaluation can provide an assessment that is tailored to the specific characteristics of the study under consideration. The methods are illustrated using samples from the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort. PMID:19289963

  18. Technology choice using FHDM: a case of iron-making technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Ramsha Prabhu; K. Vizayakumar

    2001-01-01

    The choice of technology is generally based on a techno-economic feasibility study. The scenario at the local, as well as at the global, level is changing, and that necessitates the consideration of factors, such as environmental and social, in addition to the techno-economic factors. This leads to a multicriteria decision making (MCDM) situation. Some authors have used the analytical hierarchy

  19. ITHEA IJ 2009 1 A USE CASE SCENARIO FOR TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING THROUGH

    E-print Network

    Borissova, Daniela

    ITHEA IJ 2009 1 A USE CASE SCENARIO FOR TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING THROUGH SEMANTIC WEB SERVICES presentation of semantic Web services for technology- enhanced learning has been developed in the frames of the SINUS project "Semantic Technologies for Web Services and Technology Enhanced Learning"1. The main

  20. CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Graduate Studies Office

    E-print Network

    Greer, Julia R.

    CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Graduate Studies Office Medical Leave Petition UID: Last to submit medical or other evidence in connection with an application to return. Students should also refer to the Graduate Student CheckOut Procedures and Conditions for Students on Medical Leave