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1

Sensible” Slavery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examining Matthew Lewis's Journal of a West India Proprietor, this article explores the juncture of slavery and sensibility to gain a better understanding of late eighteenth-century cultural philosophies and their effects on politics and literature. It sheds light on eighteenth-century practices of slave discipline by tracing the mind\\/body contradiction from Enlightenment discourse through sensibility. Sensibility had a major impact on

Lisa Ann Robertson

2007-01-01

2

Sense and Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two sisters of opposing temperament but who share the pangs of tragic love provide the subjects for Sense and Sensibility. Elinor, practical and conventional, the epitome of sense, desires a man who is promised to another woman. Marianne, emotional and sentimental, the epitome of sensibility, loses her heart to a scoundrel who jilts her. True love finally triumphs when sense

Jane Austen

2005-01-01

3

Towards more sensible physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

To make physics more sensible it should be recognized that physics along with all other sciences deals with information in the form of sense impressions. With displacement, time and force as basic undefined quantities the subject of mechanics can be described in a more sensible manner than is possible with length, time and mass as basic quantities. All of mechanics

J G Winans

1972-01-01

4

A Dictionary of Sensibility  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The language of sensibility in eighteenth-century Europe encompassed a number of interconnected vocabularies and offered manifold and varied meanings to terms such as virtue, imagination, sublime, character, and community. This online dictionary, hosted by the University of Virginia English Department, allows users to explore these vocabularies and meanings through excerpts from primary texts of sensibility. The Dictionary offers a list of terms (currently 24) pertaining to sensibility, each of which links to an introduction and a collection of annotated relevant excerpts. Source and critical bibliographies are also provided. Readers are invite to contribute to the Dictionary, and submission details are included at the site.

5

Sense and clinical sensibility.  

PubMed

Abstract I call attention to the metapsychology of sense, and the role sense plays-phenomenologically and symbolically-in the life of the clinician and the group. Each group member asserts influence in taking a role as the perceiver and the perceived, the senser and the sensed. We reach for sense, for without sense reference, we cannot grasp or even talk about psychic reality. It serves as sign and symbol, as metaphor, analogy, illustration, and model. Sense fixes experience yet may fixate experience and interfere with developing abstract thoughts. Clinical vignettes illustrate how the leader may utilize his or her particular clinical sensibility to reach the group and focus attention, to link sense to psychic qualities: to the personality of the members, the group culture and process, and the live clinical interaction. PMID:24004010

Billow, Richard M

2013-10-01

6

Epistemic Sensibility: Third Dimension of Virtue Epistemology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author tries to argue how epistemic sensibility as virtue sensibility can complement virtue epistemology. Many philosophers interrelated virtue reliabilism (e.g., Brogaard, 2006) and virtue responsibilism (e.g., Code, 1987) to virtue epistemology as two dimensions with many diverging and a few converging characters. The possible new dimension…

Belbase, Shashidhar

2012-01-01

7

TOXICIDAD DE ACEITES, ESENCIAS Y EXTRACTOS VEGETALES EN LARVAS DE MOSQUITO CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS SAY (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se evaluaron 51 especies de plantas del estado de Oaxaca, México; 39 como extractos acuosos al 5 y 15% y 21 al 25%, y como extractos acetónicos tres especies con cinco dosis (0.1, 0.01, 0.001, 0.0001 y 0.00001%). Además de ocho aceites vegetales a tres dosis (0.1, 0.01 y 0.001%) y 11 esencias vegetales comerciales con cuatro dosis (0.1, 0.01,

Rafael PÉREZ-PACHECO; Cesáreo RODRÍGUEZ HERNÁNDEZ; Joel LARA-REYNA; Roberto MONTES BELMONT; Gustavo RAMÍREZ VALVERDE

8

SENSIBLE QUANTUM MECHANICS: ARE ONLY PERCEPTIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum mechanics may be formulated as Sensible Quantum Mechanics (SQM) so that it contains nothing probabilistic, except, in a certain frequency sense, conscious perceptions. Sets of these perceptions can be deterministi- cally realized with measures given by expectation values of positive-operator- valued awareness operators in a quantum state of the universe which never jumps or collapses. Ratios of the measures

Don N. Page

9

How do children develop their aesthetic sensibility?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The objective of this research is to understand how children develop their aesthetic sensibility. This question will be examined using modern art pictures and logos. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study refers to a qualitative method based on interviews with children aged 7 to 12. A total of 24 children were questioned. In order to reinforce the corpus, the authors

Pascale Ezan; Joëlle Lagier

2009-01-01

10

Indigenous Metissage: A Decolonizing Research Sensibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a report on the theoretical origins of a decolonizing research sensibility called Indigenous Metissage. This research praxis emerged parallel to personal and ongoing inquiries into historic and current relations connecting Aboriginal peoples and Canadians in the place now called Canada. I frame the colonial frontier origins of these…

Donald, Dwayne

2012-01-01

11

Nonsense and Sensibility: Inferring Unseen Possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do we distinguish the sensible yet unlikely (blue ba- nanas) from the nonsensical (hour-long bananas), given observations only of what is true in the world (e.g., yel- low bananas)? Judgments like these may be supported by the M constraint: the assumption that ontological categories are organized into a predicability tree, and that properties apply to different subtrees within this

Lauren A. Schmidt; Charles Kemp; Joshua B. Tenenbaum

12

[Sensible family planning: pitfalls and dilemmas].  

PubMed

In a recent article in this journal it was stated that Dutch women were sensible in having their first child between the ages of 25 and 35 years. One of the conclusions was that associated health risks increase after the age of 35 but are still acceptable even at the age of 40. We demonstrate that these conclusions were based on flawed assumptions. Postponing pregnancy until after the age of 30 increases the risks of infertility and breast cancer. Motherhood at a later age is associated with an increase in obstetrical complications, miscarriage and other adverse effects on the child. Therefore, for couples planning a family with 2 children or more, it would be sensible to have the first pregnancy not long after the mother reaches the age of 30 years, or even earlier. Couples should be informed on the risks of late parenthood in order to be able to take the right decisions concerning family planning. PMID:19102431

te Velde, E R; Merkus, J M W M; van Leeuwen, F E; Verloove-Vanhorick, S P; Braat, D D M

2008-11-29

13

An objective method for the measurement of skin sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of the return of sensibility in transplanted skin as a functional necessity for the success of a surgical reconstruction, especially in the hand, has led to many studies to develop a technique for the evaluation of postoperative sensibility, in which the application of the sensory stimulus is constant, controlled, and the degree of sensibility recorded without the subjective

M. L. Barberis; F. Demichelis; W. A. Giaretti; S. Teich-Alasia

1977-01-01

14

Cambios vegetales holocenos en la región mediterránea de la Península Ibérica: ensayo de síntesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

La Palinolog ía se ha revelado como una de las disciplinas más útiles para la reconstrucción de los paisajes vegetales del pasado. En la Península Ibérica, durante la última década se ha producido un número elevado de secuencias polínicas, obtenidas a partir de sedimentos naturales, que además disponen de un número suficiente de dataciones absolutas, hecho que permite encuadrar en

S. Riera Mora

15

Sensible appliances: applying context-awareness to appliance design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensible appliance is an appliance which understands user's situation and takes appropriate actions to provide a high-quality user experience. A sensible appliance should be able to collect and infer relevant contexts to understand the user's situation. It is important for designers to understand context- awareness and its impact on design. In this paper we introduce what context and context-awareness are

Sung Woo Kim; Sang Hyun Park; Jung Bong Lee; Young Kyu Jin; Hyun-mi Park; Amy Chung; Seung Eok Choi; Woo Sik Choi

2004-01-01

16

Sacred cinema: exploring Christian sensibilities within popular Hollywood films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous Christian sensibilities have permeated the popular cinema, but they are frequently undetected, unappreciated or unwanted by those fearful of the cinema’s potentially corrupting effect. Yet, a postmodern religious education requires the embracement of this communication media, not its rejection, employing discernment not denial. A first step in this corrective process is to raise the profession’s consciousness about the possibilities

Anton Karl Kozlovic

2007-01-01

17

What Develops in Moral Development? A Model of Moral Sensibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The field of moral psychology would benefit from an integrative model of what develops in moral development, contextualized within the larger scope of social science research. Moral sensibility is proposed as the best concept to embody stated aims, but the content of this concept must be more finely articulated and conceptualized as a dynamic…

Sherblom, Stephen A.

2012-01-01

18

Naturalistic Sensibility and Modern Korean Literature: Kim Tongin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the origin of the naturalistic sensibility in modern Korean literature. To this end, this study focuses on the Korean writer Kim Tongin and his analogous relationship with his western forerunners of naturalism. An established opinion is that Korean naturalism is nothing but another name for fatalism, and that Korean naturalists misunderstand the

Hyunsue Kim

2007-01-01

19

Estimation of wet surface evaporation from sensible heat flux measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method is proposed to estimate wet surface evaporation by means of measurements of sensible heat flux and of air temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed at one level only. This formulation is made possible by the linearization of the Bowen ratio, a common assumption in other methods, such as Penman's model and its derivatives. The method will be

Nikki Vercauteren; Elie Bou-Zeid; Hendrik Huwald; Marc B. Parlange; Wilfried Brutsaert

2009-01-01

20

Thermoeconomic analysis of sensible heat, thermal energy storage systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the advantages of employing a thermoeconomic analysis for describing the complete charging–discharging cycle of sensible heat, thermal energy storage systems. The main task is to find the performance of the storage systems at the minimum total cost of owning, maintaining, and operating such systems. The effect of different monetary values on optimum number of heat transfer units,

Roman Doma?ski; Giuma Fellah

1998-01-01

21

Analysis of thermally degraded sensible heat storage hydrocarbons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat treated samples of three candidate fluids for sensible heat storage were analyzed using gel-permeation chromatography and infrared spectrophotometry. Comparison of this data with previous work reveals that: The oil is undergoing large-scale thermal cracking that is probably catalyzed by the presence of degradation products. The oil is possibly experiencing some amount of dehydrogenation. There is a very small amount

Burolla

1977-01-01

22

Heat Pipe Cooling System with Sensible Heat Sink.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A heat pipe cooling system which employs a sensible heat sink is discussed. With this type of system, incident aerodynamic heat is transported via a heat pipe from the stagnation region to the heat sink and absorbed by raising the temperature of the heat ...

C. C. Silverstein

1988-01-01

23

Building Awareness of Dispositions: Enhancing Moral Sensibilities in Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this paper is to explain why and how dispositions can operate as a mechanism for enhancing teacher candidates' moral sensibilities. Dispositions conjoin the knowledge and skills of teaching with the commitments one has to achieve intended purposes. Dispositions build candidates' awareness of their own perceptions (and…

Schussler, Deborah L.; Knarr, Lea

2013-01-01

24

Estimates of sensible heat flux from observations of temperature fluctuations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Comparisons between sensible heat flux measured using eddy correlation instrumentation and estimated using the temperature fluctuation method are presented for four types of surface in West Africa. Agreement between measured and estimated values is good. Regression of estimated on measured sensible heat flux gave a mean slope of 0.98 with a mean r 2 of 0.94 for bare soil, mature millet, fallow savannah and tiger bush. Estimates of heat flux from temperature fluctuations measured by an instrument mounted beneath a tethered balloon are also shown to be in close agreement with eddy correlation measurements made at the surface (regression slope = 0.98, r 2 = 0.84). The results provide evidence that the ratio ??/?×is indeed a universal function of z/L for all the surface types considered.

Lloyd, C. R.; Culf, A. D.; Dolman, A. J.; Gash, J. H. C.

1991-12-01

25

FFT analysis of sensible-heat solar-dynamic receivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of solar dynamic receivers with sensible energy storage in single-phase materials is considered. The feasibility of single-phase designs with weight and thermal performance comparable to existing two-phase designs is addressed. Linearized heat transfer equations are formulated for the receiver heat storage, representing the periodic input solar flux as the sum of steady and oscillating distributions. The steady component

Kurt O. Lund

1992-01-01

26

Relative Implant Volume and Sensibility Alterations After Breast Augmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Recent studies have provided diverging results regarding the factors that may affect sensibility after primary breast augmentation.\\u000a Implant volume is believed to be an important factor, but the relation of implant size to breast volume has not been adequately\\u000a addressed. In addition, the literature shows that a conflict exists when the periareolar and inframammary approaches are compared.\\u000a This study aimed

Ivo Pitanguy; Michel Vaena; Henrique N. Radwanski; Daniel Nunes; André F. Vargas

2007-01-01

27

Subjectivity and vulnerability: reflections on the foundation of ethical sensibility.  

PubMed

This paper investigates the possibility of understanding the rudimentary elements of clinical sensitivity by investigating the works of Edmund Husserl and Emmanuel Levinas on sensibility. Husserl's theory of intentionality offers significant reflections on the role of pre-reflective and affective intuition as a condition for intentionality and reflective consciousness. These early works of Husserl, in particular his works on the constitution of phenomenological time and subjective time-consciousness, prove to be an important basis for Levinas' works on an ethics of alterity and infinite responsibility for the other person. In fact, it is difficult to understand the core of Levinasian ethics, of vulnerability as proximity, of ethical sensitivity as passivity and a suffering for the suffering of another, without understanding the influence from Husserl's work. Crucially, the paper will, on the basis of Levinasian ethics, establish an understanding of sensibility as vulnerability and receptivity that is fundamental also for understanding significant intuitions in clinical nursing. Clinical sensitivity and carefulness in nursing are shaped by the concrete and also bodily expressions of vulnerabilities in a receptivity that is pre-reflective and pre-ontological. PMID:12969452

Nortvedt, Per

2003-10-01

28

Novel sensible thermal storage material from natural minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novel sensible thermal storage materials (TSM) were first synthesized via thermally treating the green compact obtained using clay, kaolin tailings, and hematite as major raw materials. The samples were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric, X-ray diffraction, thermal conductivities, petrography analysis, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The thermal conductivity of the green compact reached 1.11-1.64 W m-1 K-1 after thermally treated at 200-1,000 °C. The clay component was proven to have a predominant effect on the thermal conductivity of the green compact. Kaolin tailings could act as a "modulator" for adjusting the thermal conductivity from 1.42 to 1.92 W m-1 K-1. Affecting mechanism of microstructural change of main components during sintering on thermal conductivity of TSM was prominently investigated. TSM could provide a potential candidate for thermal energy storage systems of concentrated solar power.

Li, Chuanchang; Ouyang, Jing; Yang, Huaming

2013-10-01

29

The Sensibility of the Ear to Small Differences of Intensity and Frequency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensity and pitch sensibilities of the ear as functions of loudness and frequency.-Intensity sensibility is defined, as usual, as the ratio of the least perceptible difference of energy to the total energy of that tone, DeltaEE, while pitch sensibility is the ratio of the least perceptible difference of frequency to the frequency of the tone, DeltaNN. There are considerable discrepancies

Vern O. Knudsen

1923-01-01

30

Sensible Living for the 90's : a Portfolio of Case Studies from RCDP Cycle 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensible Living for the 90s'' means designing and building homes that are energy efficient, comfortable and economical. Following are examples of sensible homes. All the homes shown are electrically heated. They were constructed to meet or exceed Model Conservation Standards -- energy efficient building standards developed by the Northwest Power Planning Council for new electrically heated commercial and residential buildings.

Eklund

1990-01-01

31

Tactile, thermal and pain sensibility in burned patients with and without chronic pain and paresthesia problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abnormal return of cutaneous sensibility is common after burn injuries and many patients complain of painful and\\/or paresthetic sensations in their healed wounds. However, little is known about the exact nature and severity of these problems. The present study was designed to provide a quantitative evaluation of the cutaneous sensibility in burned patients. Tactile, thermal and pain thresholds were measured

Annie Malenfant; Robert Forget; Rhonda Amself; Jacques Papillon; Jean-Yves Frigon; Manon Choinièrea

1998-01-01

32

Anterior insular cortex mediates bodily sensibility and social anxiety.  

PubMed

Studies in psychiatry and cognitive neuroscience have reported an important relationship between individual interoceptive accuracy and anxiety level. This indicates that greater attention to one's bodily state may contribute to the development of intense negative emotions and anxiety disorders. We hypothesized that reactivity in the anterior insular cortex underlies the intensity of interoceptive awareness and anxiety. To elucidate this triadic mechanism, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and mediation analyses to examine the relationship between emotional disposition and activation in the anterior insular cortex while participants evaluated their own emotional and bodily states. Our results indicated that right anterior insular activation was positively correlated with individual levels of social anxiety and neuroticism and negatively correlated with agreeableness and extraversion. The results of the mediation analyses revealed that activity in the right anterior insula mediated the activity of neural correlates of interoceptive sensibility and social fear. Our findings suggest that attention to interoceptive sensation affects personality traits through how we feel emotion subjectively in various situations. PMID:22977199

Terasawa, Yuri; Shibata, Midori; Moriguchi, Yoshiya; Umeda, Satoshi

2012-09-13

33

Development of composite latent/sensible heat storage media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results of an on-going program to develop a composite latent-sensible thermal energy storage medium, trade marked CompPhase, are presented. The target application area was periodic kiln energy recovery. The concept is that of a composite salt/ceramic material processed such that the medium maintains its shape and mechanical integrity through the salt melting temperature. As such, the media can be fabricated into a variety of shapes suitable for packed beds, fluidized beds, or direct contact heat exchangers. The properties of ten carbonate salt or eutectic mixtures of carbonate salts were reviewed to select the most appropriate candidates for development. Three salts and two ceramic materials were evaluated in laboratory tests to select the final material, a composite of sodium-barium eutectic/magnesium oxide, for development. Two methods of processing the constituent powders for fabrication into storage pellets were developed, and one method was applied to pellet fabrication by commercial processing equipment. Two different preliminary cost estimates bracketed the expected cost of commercially fabricating storage pellets. Also, two modifications to the material processing method were suggested to reduce costs. Thermal cycling was conducted on laboratory produced experimental pellets and on prototype pellets fabricated by commercial processes. Detailed laboratory tests to determine composite mechanical and thermal properties were conducted. It is concluded that further laboratory, field, and economic studies are required before the concept of composite storage media can be considered fully developed for commercialization.

Petri, R.; Ong, E. T.; Kardas, A.

1990-12-01

34

Sensible and latent heat flux predictions using conditional sampling methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conditional sampling formulation typically used in eddy accumulation flux measurements was tested at two sites using velocity, temperature, and specific humidity time series measurements. The first site was at Owen's Lake in southern California, and the second site was an irrigated bare soil field at the Campbell Tract facility in Davis, California. The constant ? relating the turbulent flux to the accumulated concentration difference between updrafts and downdrafts was related to the statistics of the vertical velocity. It was found that this formulation for ? reproduces the extreme fluxes (both sensible and latent heat) better than previous ? formulations. The overall comparison between eddy correlation measured fluxes and conditional sampling predicted fluxes for a wide range of atmospheric stability conditions was excellent (R2 = 0.97). On average, the mean ? obtained from our experiments for temperature and water vapor is in good agreement (±4%) with other reported ? values for carbon dioxide, water vapor, ozone, and temperature. These results suggest that the conditional sampling formulation used in eddy accumulation methods is useful for routine flux measurements of passive greenhouse gases.

Katul, Gabriel; Albertson, John; Chu, Chia-Ren; Parlange, Marc; Stricker, Han; Tyler, Scott

1994-11-01

35

Some Aspects of the Effects of Sensible Heating on the Development of Summer Weather Systems over the Tibetan Plateau.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The influence of sensible heating from the earth's surface on the development of summertime vortices over the Tibetan Plateau was investigated using a numerical model. It was found that sensible heating could cause local intensification of vortices over h...

R. Shen E. R. Reiter J. F. Bresch

1986-01-01

36

An intercomparison study on models of sensible heat flux over partial canopy surfaces with remotely sensed surface temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using remotely sensed surface temperature to estimate the sensible heat flux over partial canopy covered surfaces, one faces the problem of how the bare soil and plant foliage temperatures contributing to the radiometric surface temperature are related to the turbulent transport of sensible heat across the surface-atmosphere interface. To solve this problem, several sensible heat models, using radiometric surface temperature,

X. Zhan; W. P. Kustas; K. S. Humes

1996-01-01

37

Aircraft and tower-based fluxes of carbon dioxide, latent, and sensible heat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of carbon dioxide, water vapour, and sensible heat obtained over a grassland ecosystem, during the First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP) Field Experiment (FIFE), using an aircraft- and two tower-based systems are compared for several days in 1987 and in 1989. The tower-based cospectral estimates of CO2 (WC), sensible heat (WT), water vapour (Wq), and momentum (WU),

R. L. Desjardins; R. L. Hart; J. I. MacPherson; P. H. Schuepp; S. B. Verma

1992-01-01

38

"Lesbians are not women": feminine and lesbian sensibilities in Harmony Hammond's late-1970s sculpture.  

PubMed

Harmony Hammond's wrapped fabric sculptures are placed in context of the theories of gender and sexuality that circulated among lesbian and straight feminists at the time they were made, the late 1970s. Hammond has cited in particular Monique Wittig's novels, such as The Lesbian Body, and her essays including "The Straight Mind" where Wittig concludes that the lesbian is not a woman. The critique to which Wittig's lesbian separatism has been subjected by Judith Butler in her consideration of the appeal and limitations of essentialism also applies to Hammond's art. Hammond's use of vaginal imagery was instrumental to visualizing a lesbian sensibility, but the proposition of such a sensibility established a new problematic: a new essential category. The article concludes that because Hammond's work was produced in the context of a complex set of discourses, lesbian, feminist, and aesthetic, it resisted reduction to a singular meaning. Her sculptures avoided the pitfall of substituting one essence for another, lesbian for feminine sensibility, but activated both. The sculptures effectively queered vaginal imagery: When Hammond used vaginal imagery to represent lesbian sensibility, she subverted the equation of sex and gender and the essentialist notion of feminine sensibility. PMID:19042751

Thompson, Margo Hobbs

2008-01-01

39

Sensible Heat Flux from the Earth's Surface under Natural Convective Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A value for the exchange speed of sensible heat CHU under natural convective conditions was determined by both indoor and field experiments. Regardless of the type of experiment, the relationships for the CHU were obtained as CHU = b(TS T)1\\/3. For a wet surface, Tv should be substituted for (TS T). Here, TS is the ground surface temperature, T the

Junsei Kondo; Sachinobu Ishida

1997-01-01

40

Numerical evaluation of subsurface soil water evaporation derived from sensible heat balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recently introduced measurement approach allows in situ determination of subsurface soil water evaporation by means of heat-pulse probes (HPP). The latent heat component of subsurface evaporation is estimated from the residual of the sensible heat balance. This heat balance method requires measurement of vertical soil temperature and estimates of thermal properties for soil water evaporation determination. Our objective was

Masaru Sakai; Scott B. Jones; Markus Tuller

2011-01-01

41

Mean surface temperature prediction models for broiler chickens—a study of sensible heat flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Body surface temperature can be used to evaluate thermal equilibrium in animals. The bodies of broiler chickens, like those of all birds, are partially covered by feathers. Thus, the heat flow at the boundary layer between broilers' bodies and the environment differs between feathered and featherless areas. The aim of this investigation was to use linear regression models incorporating environmental parameters and age to predict the surface temperatures of the feathered and featherless areas of broiler chickens. The trial was conducted in a climate chamber, and 576 broilers were distributed in two groups. In the first trial, 288 broilers were monitored after exposure to comfortable or stressful conditions during a 6-week rearing period. Another 288 broilers were measured under the same conditions to test the predictive power of the models. Sensible heat flow was calculated, and for the regions covered by feathers, sensible heat flow was predicted based on the estimated surface temperatures. The surface temperatures of the feathered and featherless areas can be predicted based on air, black globe or operative temperatures. According to the sensible heat flow model, the broilers' ability to maintain thermal equilibrium by convection and radiation decreased during the rearing period. Sensible heat flow estimated based on estimated surface temperatures can be used to predict animal responses to comfortable and stressful conditions.

Nascimento, Sheila Tavares; da Silva, Iran José Oliveira; Maia, Alex Sandro Campos; de Castro, Ariane Cristina; Vieira, Frederico Marcio Corrêa

2013-07-01

42

Breast sensibility after bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction: A prospective study.  

PubMed

The demand for risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) to avoid breast cancer has increased over the last several years, and knowledge of the outcome after this prophylactic surgical procedure is important. The primary aim of this study was to prospectively compare breast sensibility before and after RRM in a consecutive series of women. The study also investigated whether the nipples were less numb if the nipple areola complexes (NACs) were spared compared with regrafted nipple tips. Forty-six women who selected bilateral RRM with immediate reconstruction using implants at the Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden, were included in the study. The median patient age at the time of surgery was 39 years (range 26-58). All patients were evaluated preoperatively and at least 2 years postoperatively (median 29 months). Tactile, thermal and nociceptive cutaneous sensibilities were studied with quantitative techniques. The patients at the postoperative evaluation completed a questionnaire about subjective feelings in both breasts. The results showed that breast sensibility is significantly impaired after RRM. Additionally, the ability to experience sexual sensations in the breast is often lost. An NAC-sparing surgery did not result in better nipple sensibility. PMID:23953096

Gahm, Jessica; Hansson, Per; Brandberg, Yvonne; Wickman, Marie

2013-08-13

43

Discussion on calculation methods of sensible heat flux during GAME/Tibet in 1998  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on previous research on sensible heat flux, we investigate it from different aspects using GAME/Tibet data measured during 6 June-13 September, 1998. This work consists of the derivation of the surface heat flux equation, analysis on counter-gradient heat transference, comparison between two different methods to compute the sensible heat flux, and investigation on the calculation scheme of sensible heat flux in the Simple Biosphere model 2 (SiB2) with relevant simulation. By improving two previous formulations, an integrated formulation for calculating surface heat flux is given. Secondly, using the measured data, the counter-gradient heat flux is clarified, leading to the fact that buoyancy plays an important role in the sensible heat transfer process. It is concluded that (1) energy imbalance is a common phenomenon resulting from the use of the traditional closure scheme on the heterogeneous underlying surface because the measured ensemble heat fluxes by eddy correlation contain the effect of nonlocal parcel movements; and (2) nonlocal parcel movement deserves more attention in any future heat flux study.

Gao, Z. Q.; Bian, L. G.; Wang, J. X.; Lu, L. G.

2003-05-01

44

Thomas Hardy's Victorian Gothic: Reassessing Hardy's Fiction and His Gothic Sensibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Proposing that Thomas Hardy's fiction exhibits strong Gothic sensibilities which offer insight into his artistic vision and add to the power of his fiction, creating a new form of the Gothic, a Victorian Gothic, this dissertation reassesses the Gothic strains in Hardy's fiction. The dissertation is in eight chapters: (1) Introduction to Hardy's…

Goldstein, Norma Walrath

45

Phonics, Spelling, and Word Study: A Sensible Approach. The Bill Harp Professional Teachers Library Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This concise book shares several sensible, logical, and meaningful approaches that guide young children to use the written coding system to read, spell, and make meaning of the English language coding system. The book demonstrates that phonics, spelling, and word study are essential parts of literacy learning. After an introduction, chapters are:…

Glazer, Susan Mandel

46

Test of a Sensible Heat Flux Radiometric Surface Temperature Relationship for Hapex-Sahel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The estimation of the sensible heatflux from thermal infrared temperature requires anestimate of the excess resistance to be added to theaerodynamic resistance to the transfer of heat fromthe surface. This excess resistance can be expressedin terms of kB-1. An earlier studysuggested that the sensible heat flux over semi-aridregions could be derived from satellite thermalinfrared temperature using a value of kB-1= 7. Values of kB-1 were derived frommeasurements of sensible heat flux, radiometricsurface temperature, air temperature and wind speedtaken over millet, savannah and open forest sitesduring HAPEX-Sahel. These were comparable to valuesderived over similar sites during a previous study. Sensible and latent heat fluxes were estimated usingno excess resistance, kB-1 = 7 andkB-1 set to the values derived from theHAPEX-Sahel data set. There was an improvement on theestimated fluxes when an excess resistance wasincorporated. However, there was no apparentdifference between the errors in the estimated fluxeswith kB-1 set to either the derived orfixed values. This provides additional support forthe use of kB-1 = 7 in the derivation ofsurface fluxes from satellite data for sparsecanopies.

Burke, E. J.; Stewart, J. B.

47

An investigation of sensible heat fluxes at a green roof in a laboratory setup  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last few years, several models have been proposed for the calculation of green roof thermal behavior, but the validation studies of such models are lacking a comprehensive set of highly accurate data. In this study, an experimental laboratory setup was used to create different environmental conditions and to measure sensible heat fluxes to\\/from a vegetated roof assembly. This

Tahir Ayata; Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco; Jelena Srebric

2011-01-01

48

Controls on sensible heat and latent energy fluxes from a short-hydroperiod Florida Everglades marsh  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Little is known of low-latitude energy balance and its drivers in wetland ecosystems. Eddy covariance data were collected in a short-hydroperiod Everglades marsh. The dominant mode of energy dissipation from the marsh varied seasonally. Net radiation was a strong driver of sensible heat and latent energy fluxes. Everglades restoration will shift marsh fluxes toward increased latent energy fluxes.

Schedlbauer, Jessica L.; Oberbauer, Steven F.; Starr, Gregory; Jimenez, Kristine L.

2011-12-01

49

From Novel to Screenplay to Film: The Adaptation of Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of Sense and Sensibility comprising three main sections and a concluding appendix, arises out of the current interest in the adaptation of Jane Austen's novels for the cinema. A comparison of the novel with the final production, a comparison that has as its objective the identification of those areas of convergence and divergence, additions and omissions, becomes possible

Grazyna Antoszek

1996-01-01

50

Non-turbulent fluxes of carbon dioxide and sensible heat—A comparison of three forested sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advection initiative ADVEX within CarboEurope-IP conducted advection experiments at three European coniferous sites in 2005 and 2006. All experiments shared the same geometry and instrumentation. Data of the ADVEX experiments were used to calculate advective fluxes of carbon dioxide and sensible heat using exactly the same method. However, the advective flux of sensible heat can be assessed more easily

Uta Moderow; Christian Feigenwinter; Christian Bernhofer

2011-01-01

51

The Discursive Constitution of the UK Alcohol Problem in "Safe, Sensible, Social": A Discussion of Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we critically reflect on the constitution of the UK's alcohol problem in the government's "Safe, Social, Sensible" policy document, referring to findings from a 3-year ESRC funded study on young people, alcohol and identity. We suggest that discursive themes running throughout "Safe, Sensible, Social" include "shared…

Hackley, Chris; Bengry-Howell, Andrew; Griffin, Christine; Mistral, Willm; Szmigin, Isabelle

2008-01-01

52

Determining the Effectiveness of Take Off Pounds Sensibly (TOPS), a Nationally Available Nonprofit Weight Loss Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity is a major public health issue in the United States. Many commercial weight loss programs are available, but their costs prohibit some people from participating. This study evaluated the effectiveness of Take Off Pounds Sensibly (TOPS), a low-cost, nonprofit weight loss program. Longitudinal mixed-effects repeated-measures modeling of the TOPS national database was used to model changes in weight for

Nia S. Mitchell; L. Miriam Dickinson; Allison Kempe; Adam G. Tsai

2011-01-01

53

Experimental test for interpreting the increase in sensibility of doped CR-39  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years the sensibility of CR-39 to nuclear tracks has been increased by doping the corresponding monomer with dioctyl phtalate. At this regard, two theoretical approaches are current managed to explain this phenomenon: either the doping react with the active radicals in the chain blocking them, stopping crosslinking between chains, or alternatively that the doping gets between them giving wider space between the crosslinkined chains.

Laville, A.; Perez-Peraza, J.; Alvarez, M.; Estrada, M. R.

1985-08-01

54

A formative evaluation of the American Diabetes Association's Choosing Health and Sensible Exercise childhood obesity intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The increasing prevalence of overweight among youth in the United States, and the parallel rise in related medical comorbidities has led to a growing need for efficient weight-management interventions. Purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Choosing Health and Sensible Exercise (C.H.A.S.E.) childhood obesity prevention program on Body Mass Index (BMI), physical activity

Corinne Ulrich

2008-01-01

55

Estimation of urban sensible heat flux using a dense wireless network of observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The determination of the sensible heat flux over urban terrain is challenging due to irregular surface geometry and surface\\u000a types. To address this, in 2006–07, a major field campaign (LUCE) took place at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne\\u000a campus, a moderately occupied urban site. A distributed network of 92 wireless weather stations was combined with routine\\u000a atmospheric profiling, offering

Daniel F. Nadeau; W. Brutsaert; M. B. Parlange; E. Bou-Zeid; G. Barrenetxea; O. Couach; M.-O. Boldi; J. S. Selker; M. Vetterli

2009-01-01

56

Use of segmented sensible heat thermal storage devices for near isothermal operation  

SciTech Connect

A study has been performed to assess the capability of sensible heat thermal storage devices (TSDs) for cryogenic applications requiring close temperature control. The advantages obtained by segmentation have been quantified for TSDs used for fluid thermal tempering for periodic flow devices. Such devices offer an attractive alternative to TSDs employing phase change materials (PCMs). Finally, the use of segmented TSDs is applied to a Periodic 10 K Sorption Cryocooler. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Barr, K.P. [AlliedSignal, Aerospace Equipment Systems, 2525 W. 190th St., M/S TOR-36-1-93140, Torrance, California 90504-6099 (United States)

1996-03-01

57

Airborne flux measurements of CO2, sensible, and latent heat over the Hudson Bay lowland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the Northern Wetlands Study (NOWES) in the summer of 1990, 30 flights were conducted with the National Research Council (NRC) Twin Otter research aircraft to quantify the spatial and temporal variations of CO2, H2O, and sensible heat fluxes over the Hudson Bay lowland. These consisted of two regional runs of approximately 100 km in length from James Bay to the Kinosheo Lake and 13-km runs in the form of "L" and grid patterns near the Atmospheric Environment Service (AES) tower in the Kinosheo Lake area. An examination of the average fluxes shows that day-to-day differences were larger than the spatial differences. Significant correlations were found between the fluxes of CO2, sensible heat and latent heat, and selected environmental characteristics, such as air temperature, vapor pressure deficit, surface temperature minus air temperature, and incident solar radiation, for different sections of the NOWES area. The presentation of the spatial variations of aircraft-based fluxes of CO2, sensible heat, and latent heat over a 13 km × 13 km area near Kinosheo Lake permits an evaluation of the spatial representativeness of the AES tower observations.

Desjardins, R. L.; MacPherson, J. I.; Schuepp, P. H.; Hayhoe, H. N.

1994-01-01

58

Soil-Water Evaporation Dynamics Determined From Soil Sensible Heat Transfer Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil-water evaporation is important in both the hydrologic cycle and the surface energy balance and for processes ranging from microbial ecology to global climate change. Yet, routine measurements are unable to capture rapidly shifting near-surface soil heat and water transfer processes involved in soil-water evaporation. Recent advancements in fine-scale measurement of soil thermal properties provide a new opportunity to observe heat transfer associated with soil-water evaporation in the upper centimeters of the vadose zone. The objective of this study was to determine the depth and location of the evaporation zone within soil using observations of sensible heat transfer. Three-needle heat-pulse sensors were used to monitor soil heat capacity, thermal conductivity, water content, and temperature below a bare soil surface in Central Iowa during natural wetting/drying cycles. Soil heat flux and changes in heat storage were calculated from these data to obtain a balance of sensible heat components. The residual from this balance (i.e., the net heat flux minus the change in heat storage) was attributed to latent heat from water evaporation, and thus, provided estimates of in situ water evaporation. As the soil dried following rainfall, results showed divergence in the soil sensible heat flux with depth. Divergence in the heat flux indicated the location of a heat sink associated with soil-water evaporation. Evaporation estimates from the sensible heat balance provided depth and time patterns consistent with observed soil-water depletion patterns. Evaporation occurred near the soil surface immediately after rainfall and the evaporation zone proceeded below 3 mm in the profile within 2-3 d of rainfall events. As the soil dried, the evaporation zone continued to penetrate deeper into the soil extending below 13 mm within 6 d after rainfall. Peak evaporation rates as high as 0.42 mm/h were observed at the 3-mm depth near midday, with evaporation declining by late afternoon. Evaporation occurred simultaneously at multiple soil depth increments, but with time lag between peak evaporation rates for the deeper depths. Daily heat-balance evaporation estimates compared well with microlysimeter evaporation estimates taken 3 or more d after rainfall providing root mean square error of 0.11 mm/d and r2 = 0.90. Implementation of fine-scale measurement techniques for the soil sensible heat balance provides a new opportunity to improve understanding of soil-water evaporation.

Heitman, J. L.; Horton, R.; Sauer, T. J.; Desutter, T. M.

2007-12-01

59

Improved sensible and latent heat flux estimation of community land model by using ensemble Kalman filter assimilation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate estimation of variability of the surface heat fluxes is very important in the hydrological, meteorological, and agricultural applications. Community land model (CLM) may be used to continuously predict the temporal and spatial sensible and latent heat flux, however, its output is contaminated by uncertainties of the model's parameters, model structure and forcing data. The aim of this paper is to improve the sensible and latent heat flux prediction of CLM by using data assimilation schemes with Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) algorithm. The data assimilation results are compared against eddy-covariance observations collected at three sites (Arou, Guantan and Yingke) in the northwest of China including grassland, forestland, and cropland cover types. The CLM usually overestimates the sensible heat flux while underestimates the latent heat flux at the three observation sites. The comparison results indicate that data assimilation method improves the estimation of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes from the model, with clear reduction in the resulting uncertainty of estimated fluxes. The average reductions in the RMSE and MAE values of all sites are 40.62 and 25.83 W/m2 while the average decline of MAE values were 33.80 and 26.92 W/m2 for sensible and latent heat fluxes, respectively, while the most significant reductions in the RMSE values are 67.70 and 30.40 W/m2 for sensible and latent heat flux with EnKF algorithm, respectively. Although this study clearly implies that the assimilation of sensible and latent heat fluxes EnKF algorithm has the potential to improve the surface heat fluxes predictions of CLM, further research is required to make definitive conclusions when assimilation of sensible and latent heat fluxes derived from real remote sensing data into CLM. Furthermore, the good approximation of the model and measurement errors and the assimilation multi-source data simultaneously into the CLM may produce better results.

Liu, Chaoshun; Shu, Shijie; Gao, Wei

2013-09-01

60

Enhancement of tropical ocean evaporation and sensible heat flux by atmospheric mesoscale systems  

SciTech Connect

The enhancement of monthly averaged evaporation by atmospheric mesoscale systems is estimated form long-term hourly observations of surface meteorological data from the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) buoy moorings over the equatorial Pacific Ocean and a bulk aerodynamic flux algorithm developed as a result of the TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE). It is shown that mesoscale enhancement is due primarily to the lack of wind steadiness on subsynoptic timescales and is associated with periods of significant precipitation. The magnitude of the mesoscale enhancement of monthly averaged sea surface evaporation is found to be {approximately}10% or less of the total. During occasional periods with weak and variable winds over the western Pacific warm pool and the other major precipitation zones in the equatorial Pacific, the mesoscale enhancement of monthly averaged evaporation can reach 30% of the total evaporation. A similar result is obtained for mesoscale enhancement of diffusive air-sea sensible heat transfer using data form TOGA TAO moorings. However, a comparison of results from the colocated TAO and Improved METeorological measurements (IMET) moorings during TOGA COARE, and results previously reported form a pre-COARE cruise in the western Pacific warm pool region, indicate that processes in addition to mesoscale wind variability may be important contributors to the mesoscale enhancement of the sensible heat flux. It is suggested that the most important effects of atmospheric mesoscale systems on tropical ocean evaporation and sensible heat flux are represented in existing climatologies. 34 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

Esbensen, S.K. [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (United States); McPhaden, M.J. [NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Lab., Seattle, WA (United States)

1996-10-01

61

Nonclassical mesoscale circulations caused by surface sensible heat-flux gradients  

SciTech Connect

Significant spatial heterogeneities of daytime surface sensible heat flux are common over land within mesoscale domains. Thermally induced circulations, similar to the sea/lake breeze [termed nonclassical mesoscale circulations (NCMCs)], are anticipated in these situations. Growing research interest in NCMCs has developed in the recent decade. In this article, general quantifications of NCMC characteristics are surveyed based on modeling and observational studies, along with further elaborations on specific NCMCs. The numerical modeling studies have indicated NCMCs with intensity comparable to the sea breeze in the ideal situations of sharp contrast between extended wet soil or crop and adjacent dry land areas. Similar results were obtained when contrasts of cloud with clear sky and with snow-free areas were considered. For less ideal contrast, as well as for thermal contrasts generated by some other types of forcing, weaker NCMCs were simulated. The limited observational studies have suggested that, for some potential NCMC situations, noticeable horizontal thermal gradients are produced within the lower atmosphere. In general, however, pronounced NCMC flows have not been indicated with great certainty. In many of the potential NCMC situations, the small sizes of the areas in which sensible heat flux is modified compared with the surrounding areas suggest reduced intensity of circulations in the real world, particularly in the presence of an opposing background flow. Additionally, nonuniformity of the surface sensible heat fluxes in one or both of the contrasting surfaces is likely to be an important factor in reducing the real-world intensity of NCMCs. It is concluded that emphasis on observations is essential for further progress in quantification of real-world NCMCs. 44 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Segal, M.; Arritt, R.W. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States))

1992-10-01

62

Scintillometer-based estimates of sensible heat flux over row oriented vineyard trees  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The estimation of average turbulent surface fluxes over large areas under different spatial patterns has been addressed under different field experimental conditions. This objective cannot be fulfilled without deploying a network of several single point measurements of surface fluxes such as eddy covariance and Bowen ratio flux towers or applying spatially distributed remote sensing models. Among these methods, the scintillation method is able to measure aerially averaged sensible heat fluxes over path lengths of several hundred meters which are comparable to the plot and satellite pixel scales. The use of the scintillometer is based upon the consideration that the refractive index structure parameter measured by the scintillometer (C2n) can be related to the structure function parameter of temperature (C2T) which is used to derive sensible heat flux. However due to the use of average values of crop or vegetation height and terrain along the path, the results of the measured values of sensible heat are usually underestimated when compared to fluxes from eddy covariance systems. The objective of this work is to apply a correction model which better represents the surface roughness, the roughness length and the effective height along the path of the scintillometer and study its ability to correct the sensible heat fluxes over a low cover row crop such as a vineyard. For this purpose, an experiment was conducted over a drip irrigated vineyard during the summer and fall of 2007 in Central Spain (390 17'N, 10 59'W, 700 m amsl). The scintillometer (BLS900 Scintec model) was set with a 600 m path length and resulted in a slanted path between the emitter and the receiver. The development of the canopy varied slightly during the experiment, ranging from a fraction of ground cover (fc) equal to 0.26 and height (hc) of 1.61 m on June 20th to fc=0.31 and hc=1.76 m, reached during the first days of July and remained constant until the end of the experiment, on October. The crop grew homogeneously throughout the field (26 ha), in a 1.5x3 m pattern and was supported by a trellis system. The area has a Mediterranean climate with scarce rain (a total of 13 mm was measured throughout the season) and high air temperatures (230C on average for 2007) during the summer. The results were compared to an eddy covariance station, taking into account that the vegetation cover was monitored in terms of energy balance, crop architecture, phenology and soil water balance.

Piqueras, J. G.; Geli, H. M.; Neale, C. M.; Balbontin, C.; Campos, I.; Calera, A.

2010-12-01

63

Areola-Nipple Perception Threshold to Faradic Electricity: A New Measure of Sensibility of the Breasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  We describe a new method to study the sensibility of the nipple-areola complex of the breast with faradic electricity delivered\\u000a through an electromyographic device used to monitor peripheral nerve conduction.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The objective results of faradic pulses (2–50 mA per pulse) delivered to the nipple-areola complex of the breast through a\\u000a Nihon-Kohden II machine (Evoked potential\\/Electromyographs, Nihon-Kohden Co., Japan) were evaluated in

Arturo Prado; Patricio Andrades; Susana Benitez; Franciso Parada

2008-01-01

64

Using Scintillometry to Estimate Sensible Heat Fluxes over Water: First Insights  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An extra large aperture scintillometer (XLAS) was used over several months across the Thau Lagoon (South of France) to retrieve one-wavelength scintillation and, thence, sensible heat flux. We present the experiment with the XLAS, an eddy-covariance station and meteorological stations measuring on or near the Thau Lagoon. Changes implemented to adapt the scintillometry processing schemes to the above water conditions are presented together with a full error budget, including sensitivity tests to the relevant parameters of the scintillometer processing scheme. The XLAS error budget amounts to 16% (systematic part) ±50% (random part). Sensible heat fluxes obtained using the XLAS under unstable atmospheric conditions are then compared to eddy-covariance estimates used as a reference. The scintillometry technique proved to perform satisfactorily in such a watery environment. Some discrepancies observed between the XLAS and eddy-covariance measurements were investigated according to the lagoon fraction of the source area, to discriminate whether they were related to deviations from the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory or to different atmospheric conditions at the respective instrument locations. Local atmospheric conditions agreed well with the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory, especially measurements with source areas largely composed of the lagoon surface. Retaining only the measurements with almost only the lagoon surface in the source area improved the agreement between the XLAS and eddy-covariance measurements. The remaining discrepancies are interpreted as being due to significant location differences between the two instruments, resulting in different atmospheric conditions, and to size differences in the source areas.

Bouin, M. N.; Legain, D.; Traullé, O.; Belamari, S.; Caniaux, G.; Fiandrino, A.; Lagarde, F.; Barrié, J.; Moulin, E.; Bouhours, G.

2012-06-01

65

Measured And Simulated Latent And Sensible Heat Fluxes At Two Marine Sites In The Baltic Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, turbulent heat flux data from two sites within the Baltic Sea are compared with estimates from two models. The main focus is on the latent heat flux. The measuring sites are located on small islands close to the islands of Bornholm and Gotland. Both sites have a wide wind direction sector with undisturbed over-water fetch. Mean parameters and direct fluxes were measured on masts during May to December 1998.The two models used in this study are the regional-scale atmospheric model HIRLAM and the ocean model PROBE-Baltic. It is shown that both models overestimate the sensible and latent heat fluxes. The overestimation can, to a large extent, be explained by errors in the air-water temperature and humidity differences. From comparing observed and modelled data, the estimated 8-month mean errors in temperature and humidity are up to 1 °C and 1 g kg-1, respectively. The mean errors in the sensible and latent heat fluxes for the same period are approximately 15 and 30 W m-2, respectively.

Rutgersson, Anna; Smedman, Ann-Sofi; Omstedt, Anders

66

Estimation of sensible heat, water vapor, and CO2 fluxes using the flux-variance method.  

PubMed

This study investigated the flux-variance relationships of temperature, humidity, and CO(2), and examined the performance of using this method for predicting sensible heat (H), water vapor (LE), and CO(2) fluxes (F(CO2)) with eddy-covariance measured flux data at three different ecosystems: grassland, paddy rice field, and forest. The H and LE estimations were found to be in good agreement with the measurements over the three fields. The prediction accuracy of LE could be improved by around 15% if the predictions were obtained by the flux-variance method in conjunction with measured sensible heat fluxes. Moreover, the paddy rice field was found to be a special case where water vapor follows flux-variance relation better than heat does. However, the CO(2) flux predictions were found to vary from poor to fair among the three sites. This is attributed to the complicated CO(2) sources and sinks distribution. Our results also showed that heat and water vapor were transported with the same efficiency above the grassland and rice paddy. For the forest, heat was transported 20% more efficiently than evapotranspiration. PMID:18379829

Hsieh, Cheng-I; Lai, Mei-Chun; Hsia, Yue-Joe; Chang, Tsang-Jung

2008-04-01

67

Lidar Measurement of Boundary Layer Evolution to Determine Sensible Heat Fluxes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The estimation of large scale fluxes of heat and water vapor is crucial for a number of reasons, including weather prediction, climate, agriculture, and water resources management. It is known that these fluxes are not uniform and that the distribution of the surface heat fluxes is a major factor in producing and modifying mesoscale atmospheric flows, turbulence and evaporation. Local variability in the values is the result of variations in soil type, moisture content, type of vegetative cover, and wind speed, among other factors. Obtaining high quality data requires expensive equipment that needs periodic maintenance and attention. So while point sensors cannot be extensively deployed because of cost, conventional measurements represent the surface fluxes over very limited areas. This work evaluates a method where, with a relatively simple, vertically staring lidar, larger scale estimates of the sensible heat flux can be inferred. The estimation of a spatially integrated sensible surface heat flux and the determination of regional heat fluxes over heterogeneous land surfaces is needed to address a number of problems concerning long-range and mesoscale transport models of pollutants and parameterizations in climate models.

Nichols, J. J.; Eichinger, W. E.; Cooper, D. I.; Hipps, L. E.; Holder, H. E.; Kustas, W. P.; Prueger, J. H.

2004-12-01

68

Eddy covariance measurements of sensible and latent heat flux over snow in complex alpine terrain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An eddy covariance system for measuring vertical fluxes of sensible / latent heat and momentum over snow was set up in summer 2011 at the Weissfluhjoch field site close to Davos in the Swiss Alps at 2450 m a.s.l. The field site itself is located on a flat part of a south-east facing slope which is imbedded in complex alpine terrain with nearby mountain ridges overtopping the study plot by ~ 100 - 200 m on the three remaining sides. The final objectives of the eddy covariance measurements are twofold. Firstly, to investigate the air-surface exchange of sensible / latent heat and relate it to the local boundary layer structure given the fact that diverse footprints will play a role depending on wind and stability and secondly, to estimate the turbulent flux contributions to the snow pack energy budget, which ultimately drive the snow metamorphism (Stoessel et al. 2010). Here we present the eddy covariance data collected within 5 months of the winter season 2010/2011 in a primarily methodological framework. The eddy covariance measurements are analysed as to the implications of different data quality assurance and processing methods on sensible / latent heat flux estimates. In particular, the effects are investigated of (i) mean wind speed, turbulence intensity and well developed turbulence, (ii) stationarity and averaging intervals, and (iii) despiking, detrending and spectral correction algorithms. The methodological study is motivated by the fact that most investigations of this type have been performed for grasslands or forested landscapes in homogeneous terrain at low altitude sites in moderate or warm climates rather than for snow covered surfaces at complex alpine sites. However, due to considerable differences in ambient conditions between these types of sites, it appears advisable to pursue a critical analysis of the effect of different data quality assurance and processing methods on flux estimates and to establish specific rules for such sites (e.g. Reba et al. 2009). Beyond the methodological study, first results are presented which show that a few characteristic boundary layer developments cover most of the situations at the site and relate to typical scenarios of snow surface energy and mass exchange such as surface hoar formation, sublimation or intensive melt.

Lehning, M.; Gromke, C.

2011-12-01

69

Improving hand sensibility in vibration induced neuropathy: A case-series  

PubMed Central

Objectives We report a long-term series of nine workers suffering from vibration-induced neuropathy, after many years of exposure to hand-held vibrating tools at high or low frequency. They were treated with temporary selective cutaneous anaesthesia (EMLA® cream) of the forearm repeatedly for a period up to one year (in two cases four years). The aim was to improve their capacity to perceive touch and thereby improve hand function and diminish disability. The treatment principle is based on current concepts of brain plasticity, where a deafferentation of a skin area results in improved sensory function in adjacent skin areas. Methods All participants had sensory hand problems in terms of numbness (median touch thresholds > 70 mg) and impaired hand function influencing ADL (mean DASH score 22). After an initial identical self-administered treatment period of 8 weeks (12-15 treatments with increasing intervals) they did one treatment every 2-3 month. Results After one year sensibility (touch thresholds and tactile discrimination) as well as hand function (mean DASH score 13) were improved in a majority of the cases. Seven of the participants choose to continue the treatment after the first year and two of them have continued at a regular basis for up to four years. A surprising, secondary finding was diminishing nocturnal numbness of the hand and arm in eight of the nine subjects from "frequently" to "hardly ever or never". Conclusions Our observations open new perspectives for treatment of impaired sensibility and hand function in a group of patients with vibration induced hand problems where we have no treatment to offer today.

2011-01-01

70

Effects of cold fronts on MODIS-derived sensible and latent heat fluxes in Itumbiara reservoir (Central Brazil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work we investigate the cold front passage effects on sensible and latent heat flux in a tropical hydroelectric reservoir. The study area, Itumbiara reservoir (Goiás State/Brazil) at the beginning of the austral winter, is characterized by the presence of a weak thermal stratification and the passage of several cold fronts from higher latitudes of South America. Sensible and latent heat fluxes were estimated considering the atmospheric boundary layer stability. In situ and MODIS water surface temperature data were used to adjust the coefficients for momentum and heat exchanges between water and atmosphere and spatialize the sensible and latent heat fluxes. The results showed that during a cold front event the sensible heat flux can be up to five times greater than the flux observed before. The latent heat flux tends to decrease during the cold front but increase again after the passage. The highest values of heat loss were observed at littoral zone and some Reservoir's embayment. The heat loss intensification can be separated in two moments: first, during the cold front passage, when the wind speed increases and the air temperature decreases; second, after the cold front passage, with air humidity decreasing. This can be considered a key process to understanding the heat loss in the Itumbiara reservoir.

Curtarelli, Marcelo; Alcântara, Enner; Rennó, Camilo; Stech, José

2013-11-01

71

Air-sea exchange of water vapor and sensible heat: The Humidity Exchange Over the Sea (HEXOS) results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surface layer fluxes of sensible heat and water vapor were measured from a fixed-platform in the North Sea during the Humidity Exchange over the Sea (HEXOS) Main Experiment (HEXMAX). Eddy wind stress and other relevant atmospheric and oceanic parameters were measured simultaneously and are used to interpret the heat and water vapor flux results. One of the main goals of

J. DeCosmo; K. B. Katsaros; S. D. Smith; R. J. Anderson; W. A. Oost; K. Bumke; H. Chadwick

1996-01-01

72

The Views of the Classroom Teacher Candidates Related to the Environmental Science Course and the Environmental Sensibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research has been performed to determine the effects of the "Environmental Science Course" within the curriculum of Classroom Teacher Program in Education Faculty on the environmental sensibilities of the students, and the ideas of the students related to the effectiveness of their environmental education. The research has been performed on…

Yenice, Nilgun; Saracaloglu, A. Seda; Karacaoglu, O. Cem

2008-01-01

73

Experimental investigation on a combined sensible and latent heat storage system integrated with constant\\/varying (solar) heat sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present work is to investigate experimentally the thermal behavior of a packed bed of combined sensible and latent heat thermal energy storage (TES) unit. A TES unit is designed, constructed and integrated with constant temperature bath\\/solar collector to study the performance of the storage unit. The TES unit contains paraffin as phase change material (PCM) filled

N. Nallusamy; S. Sampath; R. Velraj

2007-01-01

74

Available potential energy generation due to sensible heating and frictional dissipation of kinetic energy in an Arabian sea cyclone  

Microsoft Academic Search

The generation of available potential energy (APE) due to sensible heating and fractional dissipation of kinetic energy for three times during the life cycle of a cyclonic system over the Arabian sea are studied. The diagnostic advective model as suggested by Johnson [4] and used by Bullock and Johnson [1] for extra tropical cyclones is used. The limited volume containing

K. D. Prasad; G. B. Pant

1978-01-01

75

EDDY Covariance (EC) over snow in a mountainous environment to determine sensible and latent heat and mass fluxes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sensible and latent heat and mass fluxes can represent a significant component of the snowcover energy and mass balance in mountain environments. Though these fluxes are computed in energy balance snow models, few measurements exist for comparison or validation. This research investigates the meth...

76

Modeling impacts of roof reflectivity, integrated photovoltaic panels and green roof systems on sensible heat flux into the urban environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents results of a modeling effort to explore the role that sustainable roofing technologies play in impacting the rooftop energy balance, and the resultant net sensible heat flux into the urban atmosphere with a focus on the summertime urban heat island. The model has been validated using data from a field experiment conducted in Portland Oregon. Roofing technologies

Adam Scherba; David J. Sailor; Todd N. Rosenstiel; Carl C. Wamser

77

Increased pressure pain sensibility in fibromyalgia patients is located deep to the skin but not restricted to muscle tissue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was aimed at comparing pressure pain sensibility in different tissues in fibromyalgia patients. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) were assessed in 16 fibromyalgia (FM) patients bilaterally at the bony part of epicondylus lateralis humeri, at the belly of m. extensor carpi ulnaris and at m. brachioradialis where the radial nerve branches pass underneath. Following a double-blind design, either a

Eva Kosek; Jan Ekholm; Per Hansson

1995-01-01

78

Using sonic anemometer temperature to measure sensible heat flux in strong winds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sensible heat flux (H) is a significant component of the surface energy balance (SEB). Sonic anemometers simultaneously measure the turbulent fluctuations of vertical wind (w') and sonic temperature (Ts'), and are commonly used to measure H. Our study examines 30-min heat fluxes measured with a Campbell Scientific model CSAT3 sonic anemometer above a subalpine forest. We compare H calculated with Ts to H calculated with a co-located thermocouple and find that for horizontal wind speed (U) less than 8 m s-1 the agreement is ?±30 W m-2. However, for U >? 8 m s-1, the CSAT3 H becomes larger than H calculated with the thermocouple, reaching a maximum difference of ?250 W m-2 at U ? 18 m s-1. H calculated with the thermocouple results in a SEB that is relatively independent of U at high wind speeds. In contrast, the SEB calculated with H from the CSAT3 varies considerably with U, particularly at night. Cospectral analysis of w'Ts' suggest that spurious correlation is a problem during high winds which leads to a positive (additive) increase in H calculated with the CSAT3. At night, when H is typically negative, this CSAT3 error results in a measured H that falsely approaches zero or even becomes positive. Within a broader context, the usefulness of side-by-side instrument comparisons are discussed.

Burns, S. P.; Horst, T. W.; Blanken, P. D.; Monson, R. K.

2012-01-01

79

From sensibility to pathology: the origins of the idea of nervous music around 1800.  

PubMed

Healing powers have been ascribed to music at least since David's lyre, but a systematic discourse of pathological music emerged only at the end of the eighteenth century. At that time, concerns about the moral threat posed by music were partly replaced by the idea that it could over-stimulate a vulnerable nervous system, leading to illness, immorality, and even death. During the Enlightenment, the relationship between the nerves and music was more often put in terms of refinement and sensibility than pathology. However, around 1800, this view was challenged by a medical critique of modern culture based on a model of the etiology of disease that saw stimulation as the principal cause of sickness. Music's belated incorporation into that critique was made possible by a move away from regarding music as an expression of cosmic and social order toward thinking of it as quasi-electrical stimulation, something that was intensified by the political and cultural changes unleashed by the French Revolution. For the next hundred and fifty years, nervousness caused by musical stimulation was often regarded as a fully fledged Zivilisationskrankheit, widely discussed in psychiatry, music criticism, and literature. PMID:20219729

Kennaway, James

2010-03-09

80

The Influence of Aircraft Speed Variations on Sensible Heat-Flux Measurements by Different Airborne Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crawford et al. (Boundary-Layer Meteorol 66:237-245, 1993) showed that the time average is inappropriate for airborne eddy-covariance flux calculations. The aircraft's ground speed through a turbulent field is not constant. One reason can be a correlation with vertical air motion, so that some types of structures are sampled more densely than others. To avoid this, the time-sampled data are adjusted for the varying ground speed so that the modified estimates are equivalent to spatially-sampled data. A comparison of sensible heat-flux calculations using temporal and spatial averaging methods is presented and discussed. Data of the airborne measurement systems M^2{AV}, Helipod and Dornier 128-6 are used for the analysis. These systems vary in size, weight and aerodynamic characteristics, since the M^2{AV} is a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), the Helipod a helicopter-borne turbulence probe and the Dornier 128-6 a manned research aircraft. The systematic bias anticipated in covariance computations due to speed variations was neither found when averaging over Dornier, Helipod nor UAV flight legs. However, the random differences between spatial and temporal averaging fluxes were found to be up to 30 % on the individual flight legs.

Martin, Sabrina; Bange, Jens

2013-08-01

81

The sensibility of SPE induced atmospheric photochemical response to the ionization rate variations.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During Solar proton event (SPE) energetic particles affect neutral atmospheric chemistry (Jackman et al. 1990, Krivolutsky A.A. et al. 2001 ets. ). The calculations results for [NO] and [O3] changes have qualitative suitability with observations data from satellites (UARS, HALOE for N.P.), although the simulated result differs in value from observed ones for nitrogen compounds. It seems potential probable reasons for this diversity exist. The sensibility of SPE induced atmospheric response to the ionization rates was investigated. The solar proton fluxes data from two satellites were used for ionization rate calculations by the method Vitt and Jackman (1996): geo-stationary GOES-10 (orbit height ? 40000 km) and CORONAS (orbit height is ? 400 km) for period of SPE 28.10. 2003. Calculated time integral ion creation during SPE using low and high orbit data differs for 1.5. Differences in ionization rate vertical distribution from GOES and CORONAS were found. Using this different ionization data the atmospherical composition response has been simulated with 1D photochemical model. The corresponding differences are discussed.

Krivolutsky, Alexei A.; Kukoleva, Anna; Kuminov, Alexander; Maygkova, Irina

82

Technical approach to finalizing sensible soil cleanup levels at the Fernald Environmental Management Project  

SciTech Connect

The remedial strategy for addressing contaminated environmental media was recently finalized for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP) following almost 10 years of detailed technical analysis. The FEMP represents one of the first major nuclear facilities to successfully complete the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) phase of the environmental restoration process. A critical element of this success was the establishment of sensible cleanup levels for contaminated soil and groundwater both on and off the FEMP property. These cleanup levels were derived based upon a strict application of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) regulations and guidance, coupled with positive input from the regulatory agencies and the local community regarding projected future land uses for the site. The approach for establishing the cleanup levels was based upon a Feasibility Study (FS) strategy that examined a bounding range of viable future land uses for the site. Within each land use, the cost and technical implications of a range of health-protective cleanup levels for the environmental media were analyzed. Technical considerations in driving these cleanup levels included: direct exposure routes to viable human receptors; cross- media impacts to air, surface water, and groundwater; technical practicality of attaining the levels; volume of affected media; impact to sensitive environmental receptors or ecosystems; and cost. This paper will discuss the technical approach used to support the finalization of the cleanup levels for the site. The final cleanup levels provide the last remaining significant piece to the puzzle of establishing a final site-wide remedial strategy for the FEMP, and positions the facility for the expedient completion of site-wide remedial activities.

Carr, D.; Hertel, B. [Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corp., Cincinnati, OH (United States); Jewett, M. [Brown and Root (United States); Janke, R. [USDOE Fernald Area Office (United States); Conner, B. [Smith Environmental (United States)

1996-02-01

83

Using sonic anemometer temperature to measure sensible heat flux in strong winds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sonic anemometers simultaneously measure the turbulent fluctuations of vertical wind (w') and sonic temperature (Ts'), and are commonly used to measure sensible heat flux (H). Our study examines 30-min heat fluxes measured with a Campbell Scientific CSAT3 sonic anemometer above a subalpine forest. We compared H calculated with Ts to H calculated with a co-located thermocouple and found that, for horizontal wind speed (U) less than 8 m s-1, the agreement was around ±30 W m-2. However, for U ? 8 m s-1, the CSAT H had a generally positive deviation from H calculated with the thermocouple, reaching a maximum difference of ?250 W m-2 at U ? 18 m s-1. With version 4 of the CSAT firmware, we found significant underestimation of the speed of sound and thus Ts in high winds (due to a delayed detection of the sonic pulse), which resulted in the large CSAT heat flux errors. Although this Ts error is qualitatively similar to the well-known fundamental correction for the crosswind component, it is quantitatively different and directly related to the firmware estimation of the pulse arrival time. For a CSAT running version 3 of the firmware, there does not appear to be a significant underestimation of Ts; however, a Ts error similar to that of version 4 may occur if the CSAT is sufficiently out of calibration. An empirical correction to the CSAT heat flux that is consistent with our conceptual understanding of the Ts error is presented. Within a broader context, the surface energy balance is used to evaluate the heat flux measurements, and the usefulness of side-by-side instrument comparisons is discussed.

Burns, S. P.; Horst, T. W.; Jacobsen, L.; Blanken, P. D.; Monson, R. K.

2012-09-01

84

An Optimal Inverse Method Using Doppler Lidar Measurements to Estimate the Surface Sensible Heat Flux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inverse methods are widely used in various fields of atmospheric science. However, such methods are not commonly used within the boundary-layer community, where robust observations of surface fluxes are a particular concern. We present a new technique for deriving surface sensible heat fluxes from boundary-layer turbulence observations using an inverse method. Doppler lidar observations of vertical velocity variance are combined with two well-known mixed-layer scaling forward models for a convective boundary layer (CBL). The inverse method is validated using large-eddy simulations of a CBL with increasing wind speed. The majority of the estimated heat fluxes agree within error with the proscribed heat flux, across all wind speeds tested. The method is then applied to Doppler lidar data from the Chilbolton Observatory, UK. Heat fluxes are compared with those from a mast-mounted sonic anemometer. Errors in estimated heat fluxes are on average 18 %, an improvement on previous techniques. However, a significant negative bias is observed (on average -63 %) that is more pronounced in the morning. Results are improved for the fully-developed CBL later in the day, which suggests that the bias is largely related to the choice of forward model, which is kept deliberately simple for this study. Overall, the inverse method provided reasonable flux estimates for the simple case of a CBL. Results shown here demonstrate that this method has promise in utilizing ground-based remote sensing to derive surface fluxes. Extension of the method is relatively straight-forward, and could include more complex forward models, or other measurements.

Dunbar, T. M.; Barlow, J. F.; Belcher, S. E.

2013-10-01

85

The correspondence of aircraft-measured fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat, CO 2 and ozone to the surface characteristics in the San Joaquin Valley of California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat, CO2 and ozone over a variety of land surfaces, based on 5 km-averaged near-surface airborne data, are examined within the 1991 California Ozone Deposition Experiment (CODE) in the San Joaquin Valley of California. It is found that the fluxes of sensible heat, latent heat and CO2 are well correlated and correspond significantly to the

Y. Guo; R. L. Desjardins; J. I. Macpherson; P. H. Schuepp

1995-01-01

86

The farming system sensibility of the Normandy in connection with the Climatic Change (2000-2100)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The French agricultural economy is closely connected with weather-climatic conditions. For example, dryness caused by the heat-wave of 2003 seriously affected the vegetation leading to a significant slowdown of photosynthetic activity. This resulted in logical decrease of agricultural production, in particular for arable lands and fodders. The Global warming that has begun at the end of the 19th century and seems to continue and even intensify during the 21st century (GIEC, 2007) arises a question of farming system sensibility when faced with Climate Change in the future. In France, recent studies (Cloppet and al, 2009) have conducted to the probable climate features spatialization on the national territory according to different scenarios. Whatever the scenario considered, it seems that the present Norman climate type is going to disappear by the end of century to be supplanted by a type of weather influenced by raising evapotranspiration, minimal and maximum temperatures as well as a raising speed of wind and solar radiation. Globally, this could emphasize agriculture soil dryness negative impact on large cereal land and pastures production (Butault, 2009, Ruget & Brisson, 2007). However, this climatic evolution could bring some production gain when the available water content of soils allows preventing or strongly limiting the hydrous stress emergence. For the current period and horizon 2100, according to the scenario A1B of the GIEC, the evaluation and the mapping with fine spatial resolution of this pedo-climatic indicator present a capital stake to appreciate the sensitivity of the agriculture of the Normandy in connection with the climatic evolution announced for the end of the 21st century. This exploratory work has been undertaken for the departmental territory of Calvados (5500 km²). For that purpose, it has been necessary beforehand to work out a precise mapping of soils on the basis of 7514 soil boreholes. The treatment of the soil database has allowed to design a map of the available water content of soils for the 1:25,000 scale. Thereafter, the modelling and the mapping of the local evapotranspiration conditions as well as the departmental mapping of rainfalls have permitted to elaborate a calculation algorithm of hydrological balance with fine spatial resolution. The estimate and the cartographic representation of the soil dryness (hydrous deficit) for the current period and 2100 according to the scenario A1B have been obtained then by requests of the pedo-climatic database. For the current period, as far as Calvados is concerned, the results show that, the dryness of the agricultural soils of low intensity concerns a little more than 1100 km², which means one the third of the agricultural area (3500 km²). The soil dryness of strong intensity appears very circumscribed since it extends only on 182 km² (approximately 5% of agricultural area). For 2100, the results are particularly alarming. They testify to a spectacular increase in the agricultural area touched by soil dryness with a strong intensity. These would represent nearly 2500 km², which represents 70% of the agricultural area. If this kind of scenario was to be confirmed, it is all the agricultural economy of Normandy which would be deeply affected.

Le Gouée, Patrick; Cantat, Olivier; Bensaïd, Abdelkrim; Savouret, Edwige

2010-05-01

87

Some safe and sensible shortcuts for efficiently upscaled updates of existing elevation models.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Danish national elevation model, DK-DEM, was introduced in 2009 and is based on LiDAR data collected in the time frame 2005-2007. Hence, DK-DEM is aging, and it is time to consider how to integrate new data with the current model in a way that improves the representation of new landscape features, while still preserving the overall (very high) quality of the model. In LiDAR terms, 2005 is equivalent to some time between the palaeolithic and the neolithic. So evidently, when (and if) an update project is launched, we may expect some notable improvements due to the technical and scientific developments from the last half decade. To estimate the magnitude of these potential improvements, and to devise efficient and effective ways of integrating the new and old data, we currently carry out a number of case studies based on comparisons between the current terrain model (with a ground sample distance, GSD, of 1.6 m), and a number of new high resolution point clouds (10-70 points/m2). Not knowing anything about the terms of a potential update project, we consider multiple scenarios ranging from business as usual: A new model with the same GSD, but improved precision, to aggressive upscaling: A new model with 4 times better GSD, i.e. a 16-fold increase in the amount of data. Especially in the latter case speeding up the gridding process is important. Luckily recent results from one of our case studies reveal that for very high resolution data in smooth terrain (which is the common case in Denmark), using local mean (LM) as grid value estimator is only negligibly worse than using the theoretically "best" estimator, i.e. ordinary kriging (OK) with rigorous modelling of the semivariogram. The bias in a leave one out cross validation differs on the micrometer level, while the RMSE differs on the 0.1 mm level. This is fortunate, since a LM estimator can be implemented in plain stream mode, letting the points from the unstructured point cloud (i.e. no TIN generation) stream through the processor, individually contributing to the nearest grid posts in a memory mapped grid file. Algorithmically this is very efficient, but it would be even more efficient if we did not have to handle so much data. Another of our recent case studies focuses on this. The basic idea is to ignore data that does not tell us anything new. We do this by looking at anomalies between the current height model and the new point cloud, then computing a correction grid for the current model. Points with insignificant anomalies are simply removed from the point cloud, and the correction grid is computed using the remaining point anomalies only. Hence, we only compute updates in areas of significant change, speeding up the process, and giving us new insight of the precision of the current model which in turn results in improved metadata for both the current and the new model. Currently we focus on simple approaches for creating a smooth update process for integration of heterogeneous data sets. On the other hand, as years go by and multiple generations of data become available, more advanced approaches will probably become necessary (e.g. a multi campaign bundle adjustment, improving the oldest data using cross-over adjustment with newer campaigns). But to prepare for such approaches, it is important already now to organize and evaluate the ancillary (GPS, INS) and engineering level data for the current data sets. This is essential if future generations of DEM users should be able to benefit from future conceptions of "some safe and sensible shortcuts for efficiently upscaled updates of existing elevation models".

Knudsen, Thomas; Aasbjerg Nielsen, Allan

2013-04-01

88

Early use of artificial sensibility to improve sensory recovery after repair of the median and ulnar nerve.  

PubMed

Artificial sensibility based on use of a "tactile glove" which substitutes for lack of sensory afferent inflow with acoustic feedback, was used early after repair of the median and ulnar nerves in a 21-year-old man. After six and 12 months the functional outcome exceeded what is expected in adults, and analysis with calculations for the minimal detectable change (MDC) in tactile gnosis showed a true change. This case highlights the timing of sensory re-education after nerve repair and also emphasises the importance of early restitution of afferent inflow from a denervated hand during rehabilitation. PMID:12625396

Rosén, Birgitta; Lundborg, Göran

2003-01-01

89

Spatial and temporal variations of the fluxes of carbon dioxide and sensible and latent heat over the FIFE site  

SciTech Connect

Airborne measurements of flux densities of carbon dioxide CO2, sensible heat, and latent heat (H2O) obtained over the First ISLSCP Field Experiment (FIFE) site during three intensive field campaigns in 1987 and one in 1989 are examined to characterize the spatial and temporal variations of CO2 and energy transfer processes. These data were collected by the National Research Council Twin Otter using low-level flight patterns, all flown at constant pressure altitude during relatively clear days. The spatial variations are larger in 1989 than in 1987 and a higher correlation is observed between the fluxes and the surface features. The temporal patterns are easier to characterize with the relatively homogeneous situation of 1987. Functional relationships obtained between fluxes of CO2 and latent heat, CO2 fluxes and greenness index, latent heat fluxes and greenness index, and between sensible heat fluxes and surface air temperature differences are presented for one day in 1987 and one in 1989 as an example of the kind of information that can be obtained from grid flights at constant pressure altitude. 20 refs.

Desjardins, R.L.; Schuepp, P.H.; Macpherson, J.I.; Buckley, D.J. (Agriculture Canada, Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Ottawa (Canada) McGill Univ., Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue (Canada) National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Canada) Agriculture Canada, Centre for Food and Animal Research, Ottawa (Canada))

1992-11-01

90

Subjective face recognition difficulties, aberrant sensibility, sleeping disturbances and aberrant eating habits in families with Asperger syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background The present study was undertaken in order to determine whether a set of clinical features, which are not included in the DSM-IV or ICD-10 for Asperger Syndrome (AS), are associated with AS in particular or whether they are merely a familial trait that is not related to the diagnosis. Methods Ten large families, a total of 138 persons, of whom 58 individuals fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for AS and another 56 did not to fulfill these criteria, were studied using a structured interview focusing on the possible presence of face recognition difficulties, aberrant sensibility and eating habits and sleeping disturbances. Results The prevalence for face recognition difficulties was 46.6% in individuals with AS compared with 10.7% in the control group. The corresponding figures for subjectively reported presence of aberrant sensibilities were 91.4% and 46.6%, for sleeping disturbances 48.3% and 23.2% and for aberrant eating habits 60.3% and 14.3%, respectively. Conclusion An aberrant processing of sensory information appears to be a common feature in AS. The impact of these and other clinical features that are not incorporated in the ICD-10 and DSM-IV on our understanding of AS may hitherto have been underestimated. These associated clinical traits may well be reflected by the behavioural characteristics of these individuals.

Nieminen-von Wendt, Taina; Paavonen, Juulia E; Ylisaukko-Oja, Tero; Sarenius, Susan; Kallman, Tiia; Jarvela, Irma; von Wendt, Lennart

2005-01-01

91

Applying a simple three-dimensional eddy correlation system for latent and sensible heat flux to contrasting forest canopies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple eddy correlation system is presented that allows on-line calculation of latent and sensible heat fluxes. The system is composed of a three dimensional propeller anemometer, a thermocouple and a capacitance relative humidity sensor. Results from two contrasting sites demonstrate the capability of the system to measure turbulent fluxes under varying conditions. A dry mixed (dominantly coniferous) forest in hilly terrain in Austria is compared to a well irrigated, heavily transpiring, deciduous pecan orchard in the Southwest of the US. The US site shows insufficient closure of the energy balance that is attributed to non-turbulent fluxes under advective conditions in a stable boundary layer (Blanford et al., 1991) while the Austrian site exhibits almost perfect closure with the use of the very same instruments when the boundary layer is convective and advection is negligible.

Bernhofer, Ch.

1992-06-01

92

A comparison of CO2 and sensible heat flux measurements from aircraft and tower-based platforms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eddy covariance fluxes of CO2 from a twin-engine Beechcraft Duchess were compared to the Ameriflux tower- based platform over a northern hardwood, deciduous forest between June 21 and July 24, 2006. Vertical wind was measured using a combination of a hemispherical pressure sensor probe and GPS/INS system on the aircraft and a sonic anemometer on the tower. The platforms employed NDIR analyzers to measure CO2 concentrations. Six flight legs, 5km in length, were averaged at heights of 150, 210, and 275m and compared with 30min averaged CO2 and sensible heat fluxes at the top of the 46m flux tower. Aircraft-based flux measurements as a function of altitude allow for assessment of flux divergence. In this paper, we compare the aircraft and tower data sets, and assess the differences in averaged fluxes, based in part on the footprint of the two platforms and flux divergence.

Martins, D. K.; Shepson, P. B.; Jacox, M.; Smith, J.; Hahn, M.; Garrity, S.; Vierling, L.; Schmid, H. P.; Vogel, C.; Zimmerman, J. R.; Wyss, P.; Santini, R.; Stirm, B.

2006-12-01

93

Effects of surface tension and contact angle on sensible heating and boiling incipience in dielectric falling films  

SciTech Connect

Predicting the point of incipient boiling is of paramount importance for reliable operation of liquid-cooled microelectronic heat sources during power transients. This study focuses on heat transfer from a simulated multichip module to a falling film. Experiments have been performed to develop an understanding of the influence of surface tension and wetting characteristics in sensible heat transfer and boiling incipience in free-falling dielectric (FC-72) liquid films. A correlation for the space-average heat transfer coefficient is presented which shows clear departure of FC-72 data from correlations obtained for fluids with higher surface tension. The boiling results reveal that the vanishingly small contact angle of FC-72 precluded the application of correlations currently employed to predict incipience. Also, the temperature overshoot commonly encountered upon boiling incipience in wetting fluids was nonexistent in all the experimental runs. 14 refs., 12 figs.

Marsh, W.J.; Mudawwar, I.

1988-01-01

94

Comparisons of sensible and latent heat fluxes using surface and aircraft data over adjacent wet and dry surfaces  

SciTech Connect

In June 1991, a field study of surface fluxes of latent and sensible heat over heterogeneous surfaces was carried out near Boardman, Oregon (Doran et al., 1992). The object of the study was to develop improved methods of extrapolating from local measurements of fluxes to area-averaged values suitable for use in general circulation models (GCMs) applied to climate studies. A grid element in a GCM is likely to encompass regions whose fluxes vary significantly from one surface type to another. The problem of integrating these fluxes into a single, representative value for the whole element is not simple, and describing such a flux in terms of flux-gradient relationships, as is often done, presents additional difficulties.

Doran, J.C.; Hubbe, J.M.; Shaw, W.J. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Baldocchi, D.D.; Crawford, T.L.; Dobosy, R.J.; Meyers, T.J. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Air Resources Lab. Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Div.

1992-01-01

95

A Bayesian analysis of sensible heat flux estimation: Quantifying uncertainty in meteorological forcing to improve model prediction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The influence of uncertainty in land surface temperature, air temperature, and wind speed on the estimation of sensible heat flux is analyzed using a Bayesian inference technique applied to the Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) model. The Bayesian approach allows for an explicit quantification of the uncertainties in input variables: a source of error generally ignored in surface heat flux estimation. An application using field measurements from the Soil Moisture Experiment 2002 is presented. The spatial variability of selected input meteorological variables in a multitower site is used to formulate the prior estimates for the sampling uncertainties, and the likelihood function is formulated assuming Gaussian errors in the SEBS model. Land surface temperature, air temperature, and wind speed were estimated by sampling their posterior distribution using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. Results verify that Bayesian-inferred air temperature and wind speed were generally consistent with those observed at the towers, suggesting that local observations of these variables were spatially representative. Uncertainties in the land surface temperature appear to have the strongest effect on the estimated sensible heat flux, with Bayesian-inferred values differing by up to ±5°C from the observed data. These differences suggest that the footprint of the in situ measured land surface temperature is not representative of the larger-scale variability. As such, these measurements should be used with caution in the calculation of surface heat fluxes and highlight the importance of capturing the spatial variability in the land surface temperature: particularly, for remote sensing retrieval algorithms that use this variable for flux estimation.

Ershadi, Ali; McCabe, Matthew F.; Evans, Jason P.; Mariethoz, Gregoire; Kavetski, Dmitri

2013-05-01

96

Evaluation of momentum and sensible heat fluxes in constant density coordinates: Application to superpressure balloon data during the VORCORE campaign  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Expressions for momentum and heat fluxes using density as the vertical coordinate are derived. These are applied in the evaluation of fluxes using data from super-pressure balloons drifting on constant density surfaces in the Antarctic lower stratosphere during the VORCORE campaign (September 2005 to February 2006). We focus on the core months of October and November. Vertical fluxes of zonal and meridional momentum are calculated using wind, pressure and height data and the vertical flux of sensible heat is calculated using temperature and height data. Calculations were performed in three band passes covering 1-13 h. We find that the largest fluxes are in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula. In October the fluxes in the low period band pass (1-5 h) account for the main part of the total flux of zonal momentum, consistent with topographically forced waves. During November the vertical fluxes of zonal momentum are found mainly in longer period band passes, consistent with weaker winds. The peak campaign-averaged flux of zonal momentum in the vicinity of the Antarctic Peninsula is ˜-30 mPa. These values are ˜60% larger over the peninsula than those inferred by other authors. The flux of zonal momentum provides a zonal body force of ˜5 m s-1 day-1 assuming a saturated spectrum. We infer downward sensible heat fluxes of ˜3 W m-2. The corresponding cooling rates assuming a saturated spectrum are ˜0.6 K day-1, a significant fraction of the net radiative imbalance in the springtime Antarctic lower stratosphere.

Walterscheid, R. L.; Gelinas, L. J.; Mechoso, C. R.; Schubert, G.

2012-05-01

97

Second law optimization of a sensible heat thermal energy storage system with a distributed storage element. Part 2; Presentation and interpretation of results  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the behavior of a flat- slab, sensible heat thermal energy storage system, the physical design and operation of which have been optimized to minimize the production of entropy by thermodynamic irreversibilities. This part includes a description of the numerical model and the presentation and interpretation of the results of a system optimization study. The major results of

M. J. Taylor; R. J. Krane; J. R. Parsons

1991-01-01

98

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY ON THE CARBON DIOXIDE, WATER, AND SENSIBLE HEAT FLUXES ABOVE A PONDEROSA PINE PLANTATION IN THE SIERRA NEVADA, CA. (R826601)  

EPA Science Inventory

Abstract Fluxes of CO2, water vapor, and sensible heat were measured by the eddy covariance method above a young ponderosa pine plantation in the Sierra Nevada Mountains (CA) over two growing seasons (1 June¯10 September 1997 and 1 May&#...

99

Temporal-spatial characteristics of area-averaged sensible heat flux by Large Aperture Scintillometer over Hai River Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the wide and deep application of Large Aperture Scintillometer (LAS), the scintillation method exhibits as a robust technique in measuring area-averaged sensible heat fluxes. As the path length of LAS is comparable to the pixel size of satellite images and grid scale of hydrological models, the measurements are helpful for validation. Meanwhile LAS has the potential to explore the scale effect, especially to bridge the gap from local to regional flux measurement. In our analysis, the ground measurements including LAS, Eddy Covariance (EC) system and Automatic Weather System(AWS), as well as TM/MODIS satellite in Miyun, Guantao and Daxing sites over Hai River Basin from 2008-2009 were selected, which can represent three different heterogeneous surfaces in Hai River Basin. After data processing and quality control, continuous sensible heat flux (Hlas) data on Kilometers Scale were obtained over various surfaces. Based on the footprint model of LAS, the distribution of source area for LAS measurements had been analyzed over Miyun, Guantao and Daxing sites in January, April, July and October, 2008. And then the daily variation of Hlas in January, April, July and October in 2008 over the three sites have been analyzed; the value and tendency of variation in these months are different among these sites, which are in accordance with the local crop phenophases. From the comparison of daily mean net radiation (Rn) and Hlas from 2008-2009 over the three sites, it can be seen the seasonal variation of Hlas are consistent in these two years, however, Miyun site shows a single peak while Guantao and Daxing sites show double-peak variation of Hlas, which mainly due to the different crop phenophases and irrigation conditions. At last, the difference between Hlas and Hec in Miyun and Guantao sites had been discussed separately. In accordance with the underlying surfaces, the reasons for the difference between Hlas and Hec can be attributed to the energy balance ratio of EC, the heterogeneity of the underlying surfaces as well as the relative weights of the overlap area between EC and LAS measurements. While in Guantao site, apart from the above reasons mentioned in Miyun site, the atmospheric instability may be one of the main reasons that contribute to the difference between Hlas and Hec. Key words: Large aperture scintillometer, Hai River Basin, Data processing and quality control, Temporal-spatial characteristics

Bai, J.; Liu, S. M.; Xu, Z. W.; Jia, L.; Ding, X. P.

2010-09-01

100

Evaluation of sensible heat fluxes derived from Large Aperture Scintillometer measurements over irrigated and dryland cotton during BEAREX08  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The path integrating capabilities of scintillometer over heterogeneous landscapes makes it a powerful tool for validating satellite-based evapotranspiration (ET) maps. Numerous studies have evaluated the accuracy of sensible heat fluxes (H) derived from Large Aperture Scintillometer (LAS) measurements using eddy covariance (EC) measurements. EC systems have the energy balance closure problem (Rn-H-LE-G?0) up to 20 percent. For that reason we chose to evaluate the accuracy of the LAS-based ET fluxes against lysimeter data. Data used in this study was collected during the Bushland Evapotranspiration and Agricultural Remote Sensing Experiment 2008 (BEAREX08). The BEAREX08 was conducted at the USDA-ARS Conservation and Production Research Laboratory (CPRL) in Bushland [350 11' N, 1020 06' W; 1,170 m elevation MSL] located in the semi-arid Southern High Plains of Texas, USA during the 2008 summer cropping season. The CPRL is equipped with four large (3 x 3 x 2.5 m) monolithic lysimeters, with each lysimeter located in the center of 210 x 225 m fields arranged in a block pattern. One LAS was deployed across two dryland lysimeter fields (designated as NW and SW) and another on two irrigated lysimeter fields (designated as NE and SE), and all four fields were planted to cotton. The structure parameter of the refractive index of air was monitored at a 1-min interval and averaged for 15-minute periods between 10 July and 30 August, synchronized with weather station and lysimeter measurements. In addition, net radiation (Rn) and soil heat fluxes (G) were measured in all four lysimeter fields. Sensible heat fluxes (H) were derived from LAS measurements using a heat flux source area function and estimated ET fluxes as a residual from the energy balance were compared against lysimeter data. Trends in the LAS-based ET fluxes closely followed those in the observed data. However, LAS-based ET fluxes were over predicted by 10-35%. Differences between lysimeter- and LAS-based ET estimates over dryland cotton may be partly due to non-uniform vegetation growth on the NW and SW lysimeter fields. Overall, results indicate that the LAS is a promising tool for estimating ET fluxes.

Gowda, P.; Hartogensis, O.; Howell, T.; Scanlon, B.

2009-09-01

101

Thermoregulation during flight: body temperature and sensible heat transfer in free-ranging Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis).  

PubMed

Bat wings are important for thermoregulation, but their role in heat balance during flight is largely unknown. More than 80% of the energy consumed during flight generates heat as a by-product, and thus it is expected that bat wings should dissipate large amounts of heat to prevent hyperthermia. We measured rectal (T(r)) and surface (T(s)) temperatures of Brazilian free-tailed bats (Tadarida brasiliensis) as they emerged from and returned to their daytime roosts and calculated sensible heat transfer for different body regions (head, body, wings, and tail membrane). Bats' T(r) decreased from 36.8°C during emergence flights to 34.4°C during returns, and T(s) scaled positively with ambient temperature (T(a)). Total radiative heat loss from bats was significantly greater for a radiative sink to the night sky than for a sink with temperature equal to T(a). We found that free-ranging Brazilian free-tailed bats, on average, do not dissipate heat from their wings by convection but instead dissipate radiative heat (L) to the cloudless night sky during flight ([Formula: see text] W). However, within the range of T(a) measured in this study, T. brasiliensis experienced net heat loss between evening emergence and return flights. Regional hypothermia reduces heat loss from wings that are exposed to potentially high convective fluxes. Additional research is needed to establish the role of wings in evaporative cooling during flight in bats. PMID:21034204

Reichard, Jonathan D; Fellows, Spenser R; Frank, Alexander J; Kunz, Thomas H

2010-10-29

102

Effect of light wavelength on motility and magnetic sensibility of the magnetotactic multicellular prokaryote 'Candidatus Magnetoglobus multicellularis'.  

PubMed

'Candidatus Magnetoglobus multicellularis' is a magnetotactic microorganism composed of several bacterial cells. Presently, it is the best known multicellular magnetotactic prokaryote (MMP). Recently, it has been observed that MMPs present a negative photoresponse to high intensity ultraviolet and violet-blue light. In this work, we studied the movement of 'Candidatus Magnetoglobus multicellularis' under low intensity light of different wavelengths, measuring the average velocity and the time to reorient its trajectory when the external magnetic field changes its direction (U-turn time). Our results show that the mean average velocity is higher for red light (628 nm) and lower for green light (517 nm) as compared to yellow (596 nm) and blue (469 nm) light, and the U-turn time decreased for green light illumination. The light wavelength velocity dependence can be understood as variation in flagella rotation speed, being increased by the red light and decreased by the green light relative to yellow and blue light. It is suggested that the dependence of the U-turn time on light wavelength can be considered a form of light-dependent magnetotaxis, because this time represents the magnetic sensibility of the magnetotactic microorganisms. The cellular and molecular mechanisms for this light-dependent velocity and magnetotaxis are unknown and deserve further studies to understand the biochemical interactions and the ecological roles of the different mechanisms of taxis in MMPs. PMID:23828178

de Azevedo, Lyvia Vidinho; de Barros, Henrique Lins; Keim, Carolina Neumann; Acosta-Avalos, Daniel

2013-07-05

103

Determination of Area-Averaged Sensible Heat Fluxes with a Large Aperture Scintillometer over a Heterogeneous Surface Flevoland Field Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To test the applicability of the scintillation method over a heterogeneous area an experiment was carried out in the summer of 1998 in Flevoland (The Netherlands). In the patchy area only four crops were grown namely sugar beet, potatoes, wheat and onions. From eddy covariance measurements it was found that the heterogeneity was mainly caused by differences in thermal properties. No variations in the aerodynamics roughness length were observed. Two large aperture scintillometers were installed at a height of 11.6 and 20.4 m. A good resemblance was found between the sensible heat fluxes derived from both LAS instruments and the area-averaged fluxes obtained from the in-situ eddy covariance measurements. The slight underestimation of the lower LAS could be assessed using a blending height model and an analytical footprint model. The results also indicated that when scintillometer measurements are made below the blending height the violation to Monin-Obukhov Similarity Theory is small and that reasonable fluxes can be obtained from path-averaged structure parameters.

Meijninger, W. M. L.; Hartogensis, O. K.; Kohsiek, W.; et al.

104

Towards More Sensible Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizes that physics, like other sciences, deals with information in the form of sense impressions. Concepts of mass length and time are not sensory experiences and should substitute instead the terms of force, displacement and time for better understanding. (PS)

Winans, J. G.

1972-01-01

105

Recycling rubber products sensibly  

SciTech Connect

This article examines processes for surface treating ground rubber from tires and other sources to enhance its ability to chemically bond with an uncured elastomer matrix during vulcanization. The topics discussed are environmental effects, processing and physical and chemical properties, mesh size, compounding, loading study, mineral fillers, and applications.

Fesus, E.M.; Eggleton, R.W.

1991-03-01

106

Biosensors: sense and sensibility.  

PubMed

This review is based on the Theophilus Redwood Medal and Award lectures, delivered to Royal Society of Chemistry meetings in the UK and Ireland in 2012, and presents a personal overview of the field of biosensors. The biosensors industry is now worth billions of United States dollars, the topic attracts the attention of national initiatives across the world and tens of thousands of papers have been published in the area. This plethora of information is condensed into a concise account of the key achievements to date. The reasons for success are examined, some of the more exciting emerging technologies are highlighted and the author speculates on the importance of biosensors as a ubiquitous technology of the future for health and the maintenance of wellbeing. PMID:23420144

Turner, Anthony P F

2013-02-19

107

Definition and use of the experimental sensible parameters to characterize sensitivity and precision of a generic oxygen optical sensor.  

PubMed

Experimental data, obtained with an oxygen optical sensor constituted by a polysulfone layer embedding ruthenium(II)(4,7-diphenyl-l,l0-phenanthroline)octylsulfate (Ru(dpp)OS), were rationalized by using the digital simulation technique and generalized for different sensors. The experimental, asymmetric, emission shape was used to define two sensible parameters, ASY (asymmetry factor) and DeltaI(%) (percent variation of emission intensity), to characterize the sensitivity of a generic oxygen optical sensor (represented by the Stern-Volmer constant, K'(sv)). Correlations between ASY and K'(sv) and between DeltaI(%) and K'(sv) were established, and a double working curve was proposed to evaluate with a single light emission measurement the K'(sv) value with the best precision. Sensitive membranes (-log K'(sv) = pK'(sv) < 0.5) had high precision only for low %O(2) values; poorly sensitive membrane (pK'(sv)> 2.5) had constant but scarce precisions in a large %O(2) interval. For %O(2) up to 21% (air) good values are pK'(sv)= 0.5-1.0. In order to monitor a wider %O(2) range, pK'(sv) = 1.5-2.0 are good choices. A simple mathematical model allowed one to estimate the oxygen diffusion coefficient inside the layer, D(O2), and its solubility in the polymer matrix, s(O2), from the simple measurement of the membrane thickness, response time, t(90), and luminescence lifetime. D(O2) = 2 x 10(-8) cm2 s(-1) and s(O2) = 2.2 x 10(-3) mol atm(-1) dm(-3) [corrected] were estimated for our membranes. The proposed working curves gave very good results even with literature data. PMID:18275221

Badocco, Denis; Pastore, Paolo

2008-02-15

108

Effects of climate variability on the carbon dioxide, water, and sensible heat fluxes above a ponderosa pine plantation in the Sierra Nevada (CA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of CO2, water vapor, and sensible heat were measured by the eddy covariance method above a young ponderosa pine plantation in the Sierra Nevada Mountains (CA) over two growing seasons (1 June–10 September 1997 and 1 May–30 October 1998). The Mediterranean-type climate of California is characterized by a protracted summer drought, with precipitation occurring mainly from October through May.

A. H. Goldstein; N. E. Hultman; J. M. Fracheboud; M. R. Bauer; J. A. Panek; M. Xu; Y. Qia; A. B. Guenther; W. Baugh

2000-01-01

109

Long-Term Monitoring of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Using Eddy Covariance at a High-Arctic Permafrost Site on Svalbard, Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land-atmosphere interactions are an important element in the energy and water budget in permafrost regions. We present long-term measurements of sensible and latent heat fluxes at a high-arctic continuous permafrost site on Svalbard, Norway, using the eddy covariance method. The site is situated in hilly tundra at the foot of two major glaciers, and is characterized by sparse vegetation alternating

K. Piel; S. Westermann; J. Lüers; J. Boike

2008-01-01

110

The impact of anthropogenic land-cover change on the Florida Peninsula Sea Breezes and warm season sensible weather  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During the twentieth century, the natural landscape of the Florida peninsula was transformed extensively by agriculture, urbanization, and the diversion of surface water features. The purpose of this paper is to present a numerical modeling study in which the possible impacts of this transformation on the warm season climate of the region were investigated. For three separate July-August periods (1973, 1989, and 1994), a pair of simulations was performed with the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System. Within each pair, the simulations differed only in the specification of land-cover class. The two different classes were specified using highly detailed datasets that were constructed to represent pre-1900 natural land cover and 1993 land-use patterns, thus capturing the landscape transformation within each pair of simulations. When the pre-1900 natural cover was replaced with the 1993 land-use dataset, the simulated spatial patterns of the surface sensible and latent heat flux were altered significantly, resulting in changes in the structure and strength of climatologically persistent, surface-forced mesoscale circulations-particularly the afternoon sea-breeze fronts. This mechanism was associated with marked changes in the spatial distribution of convective rainfall totals over the peninsula. When averaged over the model domain, this redistribution was reflected as an overall decrease in the 2-month precipitation total. In addition, the domain average of the diurnal cycle of 2-m temperature was amplified, with a noted increase in the daytime maximum. These results were consistent among all three simulated periods, and largely unchanged when subjected to a number of model sensitivity factors. Furthermore, the model results are in reasonable agreement with an analysis of observational data that indicates decreasing regional precipitation and increasing daytime maximum temperature during the twentieth century. These results could have important implications for water resource and land-use management issues in south Florida, including efforts to restore and preserve the natural hydroclimate of the Everglades ecosystem. This study also provides more evidence for the need to consider anthropogenic land-cover change when evaluating climate trends. ?? 2004 American Meteorological Society.

Marshall, C. H.; Pielke, Sr. , R. A.; Steyaert, L. T.; Willard, D. A.

2004-01-01

111

Uma Particao de Fluxos de Calor Sensivel E de Calor Latente Acima DA Floresta Amazonica de Terra Firme (A Partition of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Above the Terra Firma Area in the Amazon Forest).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The partition of net radiation to sensible and latent fluxes above the Amazonian forest is studied. The Bowen ratio daily variability is discussed and its values are compared when calculated by different methods and distinct height above canopy. The varia...

L. Deanedeabreusa A. O. Mansi Y. Viswanadham

1986-01-01

112

Estimating sensible heat flux using surface renewal analysis and the flux variance method: A case study over olive trees at Sástago (NE of Spain)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The eddy covariance technique for measuring surface fluxes is often not affordable outside experimental research institutes. Therefore knowledge of the performance of alternative methods for determining surface fluxes is valuable. The performance of surface renewal (SR) analysis and the flux variance (FV) method for estimating sensible heat flux has been evaluated in an experiment carried out over a heterogeneous canopy (olive orchard, 50% ground cover) at a semiarid climate in a windy area. Measurements were made at a single level close to the canopy top. SR analysis was accurate under both stable and unstable conditions. The FV method also showed a good performance under unstable conditions, but it was uncertain near neutral conditions and was not applicable under stable conditions.

Castellvi, F.; Martínez-Cob, A.

2005-09-01

113

Development of a Computational Thermal Manikin Applicable in a Nonuniform Thermal Environment—Part 1: Coupled Simulation of Convection, Radiation, and Smith's Human Thermal Physiological Model for Sensible Heat Transfer from a Seated Human Body in Radiant Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

To predict the thermal sensation of people located in a nonuniform environment, it is very important to clarify the local heat transfer in detail. In this context, the coupled simulation of convection, radiation, and the multi-element thermal physiological model established by Smith is investigated. The sensible heat transfer from the surface of a human body placed in uniform and front-back

Shengwei Zhu; Shinsuke Kato; Ryozo Ooka; Tomonori Sakoi

2007-01-01

114

Particao de Fluxos de Calor Sensivel E de Calor Latente Acima DA Floresta Amazonica de Terra Firme (Metodo DOS Gradientes) (A Partition of Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes Above the Terra Firma Area in the Amazon Forest (Gradient Method)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A partition of net radiation to sensible and latent heat fluxes above the Amazon Forest canopy is studied. The observational site (2 degrees 57 minutes S, 59 degrees W) of the Terra firma area in the Amazon forest is near Manaus, AM. The Bowen ratio value...

L. Deanedeabreusa A. O. Manzi Y. Viswanadham

1986-01-01

115

Pediococcus acidilactici isolated from the rumen of lambs with rumen acidosis, 16S rRNA identification and sensibility to monensin and lasalocid.  

PubMed

A lactic-acid producing bacterium was isolated from the rumen of lambs with rumen acidosis. The cells were gram-positive, nonmotile, nonsporing, catalase negative spherical, 1.5-2.0 ?m in diameter, and occur in pairs and tetrads. Analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA indicated that the rumen bacterium was a strain of Pediococcus acidilactici with 99% of nucleotide homology. This bacterium was sensible to monensin and lasalocid at the unique dose tested of 300 ppm. The concentration of lactic acid and DM degradation decreased (P<0.05) when monensin or lasalocid were added to the culture media after 24, 48 and 72 h of incubation. In contrast, total VFA concentration and pH were higher (P<0.05) in the culture media added with the ionophores. Up to now S. bovis is considered the main ruminal bacterium related with rumen acidosis, but the importance of P. acidilactici should be also reconsidered in experimental studies focused on the control rumen acidosis. PMID:20553885

Cobos, M A; Ley de Coss, A; Ramirez, N D; Gonzalez, S S; Ferrera Cerrato, R

2011-02-01

116

Sensitive ants are sensible ants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an approach to evolving computer programs using an Attribute Grammar (AG) extension of Grammatical Evolution (GE) to eliminate ineffective pieces of code with the help of context-sensitive information. The standard Context-Free Grammars (CFGs) used in GE, Genetic Programming (GP) (which uses a special type of CFG with just a single non-terminal) and most other grammar-based system are

Muhammad Rezaul Karim; Conor Ryan

2012-01-01

117

Conversation Simulation and Sensible Surprises  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I have entered the Loebner Prize five times, winning the "most humanlike program" category in 1996 with a surly ELIZA-clone named HeX, but failed to repeat the performance in subsequent years with more sophisticated techniques. Whether this is indicative of an unanticipated improvement in "conversation simulation" technology, or whether it highlights the strengths of ELIZA-style trickery, is as an exercise for the reader. In 2000, I was invited to assume the role of Chief Scientist at Artificial Intelligence Ltd. (Ai) on a project inspired by the advice given by Alan Turing in the final section of his classic paper - our quest was to build a "child machine" that could learn and use language from scratch. In this chapter, I will discuss both of these experiences, presenting my thoughts regarding the Chinese Room argument and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in between.

Hutchens, Jason L.

118

Nuclear energy: a sensible alternative  

SciTech Connect

This book presents information on energy futures; energy demand, energy supplies; exclusive paths and difficult choices--hard, soft, and moderate energy paths; an energy-deficient society; energy shortages; economics of light-water reactors; fast breeder reactor economics; international cooperation in the nuclear field; nuclear recycling; alternative fuels, fuel cycles, and reactors; the nuclear weapons proliferation issue; paths to a world with more reliable nuclear safeguards; the homemade bomb issue; LWR risk assessment; accident analysis and risk assessment; the waste disposal risk; radon problems; risks in our society; health effects of low-level radiation; routine releases of radioactivity from the nuclear industry; low-level radioactivity and infant mortality; the myth of plutonium toxicity; myths about high-level radioactive waste; the aging reactor myth; the police state myth; insurance and nuclear power--the Price-Anderson Act; and solar and nuclear power as partners.

Ott, K.O.; Spinrad, B.I.

1985-01-01

119

Validating Patterns in Large Scale Sensible and Latent Heat Flux Estimates from a Remote Sensing-based Model and Aircraft-based Flux Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A remote sensing field experiment conducted in the Southern Great Plains in 1997 (SGP97) in central Oklahoma, had aircraft-based flux observations as well as remotely sensed data collected over one of the main study sites in central Oklahoma. This agricultural region contains primarily grassland/pasture and winter wheat, which was recently harvested leaving a significant number of fields either as wheat stubble or plowed bare soil. Multi-spectral data obtained by aircraft provided high resolution (30 m) spatially-distributed vegetation cover and surface temperature information over an area approximately 10 km north-south by 30 km east-west. The spatial variations in these surface states strongly affect the partitioning of surface fluxes between sensible and latent heat. These data, together with coarser resolution (5 km) satellite data, are used in a remote sensing-based energy balance modeling system that disaggregates flux estimates to the 30 m resolution. From the aircraft-based measurements collected along the 15 km transect, "segmented" flux values over 1 km sampling intervals were computed, which were then sub-sampled using a 250 m moving window using a new scheme for estimating time-space dependence of aircraft surface fluxes. From these two estimates of the large scale heat flux patterns, a comparison is made for exploring consistency in flux distributions. This type of comparison involves estimation of the flux-footprint or source area for the aircraft flux observations in order to weight the upwind model pixels within the aircraft sensor footprint. Highest correlation between aircraft and modeled estimated heat and water vapor fluxes were obtained using different flux-footprint estimates with the source-area for heat estimated to be much closer to the aircraft flight line than for water vapor. Factors that may be contributing to these results are discussed.

Kustas, W. P.; Anderson, M. C.

2005-05-01

120

Global patterns of land-atmosphere fluxes of carbon dioxide, latent heat, and sensible heat derived from eddy covariance, satellite, and meteorological observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We upscaled FLUXNET observations of carbon dioxide, water, and energy fluxes to the global scale using the machine learning technique, model tree ensembles (MTE). We trained MTE to predict site-level gross primary productivity (GPP), terrestrial ecosystem respiration (TER), net ecosystem exchange (NEE), latent energy (LE), and sensible heat (H) based on remote sensing indices, climate and meteorological data, and information on land use. We applied the trained MTEs to generate global flux fields at a 0.5° × 0.5° spatial resolution and a monthly temporal resolution from 1982 to 2008. Cross-validation analyses revealed good performance of MTE in predicting among-site flux variability with modeling efficiencies (MEf) between 0.64 and 0.84, except for NEE (MEf = 0.32). Performance was also good for predicting seasonal patterns (MEf between 0.84 and 0.89, except for NEE (0.64)). By comparison, predictions of monthly anomalies were not as strong (MEf between 0.29 and 0.52). Improved accounting of disturbance and lagged environmental effects, along with improved characterization of errors in the training data set, would contribute most to further reducing uncertainties. Our global estimates of LE (158 ± 7 J × 1018 yr-1), H (164 ± 15 J × 1018 yr-1), and GPP (119 ± 6 Pg C yr-1) were similar to independent estimates. Our global TER estimate (96 ± 6 Pg C yr-1) was likely underestimated by 5-10%. Hot spot regions of interannual variability in carbon fluxes occurred in semiarid to semihumid regions and were controlled by moisture supply. Overall, GPP was more important to interannual variability in NEE than TER. Our empirically derived fluxes may be used for calibration and evaluation of land surface process models and for exploratory and diagnostic assessments of the biosphere.

Jung, Martin; Reichstein, Markus; Margolis, Hank A.; Cescatti, Alessandro; Richardson, Andrew D.; Arain, M. Altaf; Arneth, Almut; Bernhofer, Christian; Bonal, Damien; Chen, Jiquan; Gianelle, Damiano; Gobron, Nadine; Kiely, Gerald; Kutsch, Werner; Lasslop, Gitta; Law, Beverly E.; Lindroth, Anders; Merbold, Lutz; Montagnani, Leonardo; Moors, Eddy J.; Papale, Dario; Sottocornola, Matteo; Vaccari, Francesco; Williams, Christopher

2011-09-01

121

Central receiver solar thermal power system, Phase 1. CDRL Item 2. Pilot plant preliminary design report. Volume V. Thermal storage subsystem. [Sensible heat storage using Caloria HT43 and mixture of gravel and sand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed 100-MWe Commercial Plant Thermal Storage System (TSS) employs sensible heat storage using dual liquid and solid media for the heat storage in each of four tanks, with the thermocline principle applied to provide high-temperature, extractable energy independent of the total energy stored. The 10-MW Pilot Plant employs a similar system except uses only a single tank. The high-temperature

R. W. Jr. Hallet; R. L. Gervais

1977-01-01

122

Los Pigmentos Vegetales y la Fotosíntesis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

En esta lección se examinarán las dos principales clases de pigmentos fotosintéticos: las clorofilas y los carotenoides. Se analizarán sus estructuras bioquímicas y su biosíntesis, y se explicará además la organización de estos pigmentos en los sistemas fotosintéticos, que son complejos proteicos que colectan y convierten la energía luminosa en energía química.

123

A Sensible Approach to Wireless Networking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses radio frequency (R.F.) wireless technology, including industry standards, range (coverage) and throughput (data rate), wireless compared to wired networks, and considerations before embarking on a large-scale wireless project. (EV)|

Ahmed, S. Faruq

2002-01-01

124

Environmental assessment of packaging: Sense and sensibility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The functions of packaging are derived from product requirements, thus for insight into the environmental effects of packaging the actual combination of product and package has to be evaluated along the production and distribution system. This extension to all related environmental aspects adds realism to the environmental analysis and provides guidance for design while preventing a too detailed investigation of parts of the production system. This approach is contrary to current environmental studies where packaging is always treated as an independent object, neglecting the more important environmental effects of the product that are influenced by packaging. The general analysis and quantification stages for this approach are described, and the currently available methods for the assessment of environmental effects are reviewed. To limit the workload involved in an environmental assessment, a step-by-step analysis and the use of feedback is recommended. First the dominant environmental effects of a particular product and its production and distribution are estimated. Then, on the basis of these preliminary results, the appropriate system boundaries are chosen and the need for further or more detailed environmental analysis is determined. For typical food and drink applications, the effect of different system boundaries on the outcome of environmental assessments and the advantage of the step-by-step analysis of the food supply system is shown. It appears that, depending on the consumer group, different advice for reduction of environmental effects has to be given. Furthermore, because of interrelated environmental effects of the food supply system, the continuing quest for more detailed and accurate analysis of the package components is not necessary for improved management of the environmental effects of packaging.

Kooijman, Jan M.

1993-09-01

125

Including the nonrational is sensible midwifery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the subordination of midwifery by medicine and nursing in the 19th and 20th centuries the standard approach to childbirth has been dominated by rationality. This approach proceeds by creating dichotomies and then prioritising one half of the dichotomy whilst rejecting the opposite term. Rationality itself is prioritised, for example, by contrasting it with the rejected opposite: irrationality.\\u000aExpert clinical

Jenny A. Parratt; Kathleen M. Fahy

2008-01-01

126

Adolescent satanist: A sensible law enforcement approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A considerable amount of attention has been given by the media to the perceived increase in the amount of juvenile Satanic\\u000a involvement. However, there is very little evidence of a national epidemic of this type of criminal activity. This article\\u000a discusses the types of actual adolescent involvement seen in the United States as well as the various points of view

Gordon A. Crews; Reid H. Montgomery

1996-01-01

127

The New Sensibility about College Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relating college architecture to campus evolution requires saving the best old buildings through renovation and adaptive use, having noticeably modern buildings relate to older buildings, and respecting the historic composition of buildings and land. Princeton University, the Morristown (New Jersey) Free Public Library, and Lawrenceville School…

Farewell, Michael; Manning, Cecilia

1990-01-01

128

Deriving sensible requirements for UAV sense-and-avoid systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are becoming more prevalent in military applications and through the success of these applications, many commercial usages have been derived. However, due to the recent development of UAVs, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not yet been able to develop performance requirements for the Detect, Sense, and Avoid (DSA) system of UAVs. For this reason, this

Jerry N. Simon; Michael S. Braasch

2009-01-01

129

A Facial Control Method Using Emotional Parameters in Sensibility Robot  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The “Ifbot” robot communicates with people by considering its own “emotions”. Ifbot has many facial expressions to communicate enjoyment. These are used to express its internal emotions, purposes, reactions caused by external stimulus, and entertainment such as singing songs. All these facial expressions are developed by designers manually. Using this approach, we must design all facial motions, if we want Ifbot to express them. It, however, is not realistic. We have therefore developed a system which convert Ifbot's emotions to its facial expressions automatically. In this paper, we propose a method for creating Ifbot's facial expressions from parameters, emotional parameters, which handle its internal emotions computationally.

Shibata, Hiroshi; Kanoh, Masayoshi; Kato, Shohei; Kunitachi, Tsutomu; Itoh, Hidenori

130

The Philadelphia Flower Show and Its Dangerous Sensibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter puts forth the notion of biophilia as a holistic dimension with physiological, biological, psychological, and\\u000a existential components. It involves the drive to satisfy embodied needs concerning attunement to natural ecological rhythms\\u000a and elements and bonding\\/caring\\/interrelations with other forms of life. Biophilia is shown to be interrelated with embodied\\u000a aesthetic needs that entail the geography of the imagination. The

Gary Backhaus

131

Portraits of Early Moral Sensibility in Two Children's Everyday Conversations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two children's conversations with adults were examined for reference to moral issues using transcripts of archived at-home family talk from the Child Language Data Exchange System (CHILDES) database (MacWhinney, 2000). Through target words (e.g., good, wrong, mean) in transcripts of two children between ages 2.5 and 5.0 years, 1,333 moral…

Wright, Jennifer Cole; Bartsch, Karen

2008-01-01

132

Synergy and Sensibility: A Course on Entrepreneurship in Gerotechnologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Health, Technology, and Aging" is a course developed to address three significant contemporary trends: aging populations, increasingly ubiquitous technology, and the economic imperative to encourage entrepreneurship. Course content is a blend of gerontology, informatics, and entrepreneurship designed for nonbusiness majors. Six interdisciplinary…

Lorenzen-Huber, Lesa; Allen, Patricia; Kennedy-Armbruster, Carol

2010-01-01

133

Community Writing, Participatory Research, and an Anthropological Sensibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory research is a radical praxis through which marginalized people acquire research capabilities that they use to transform their own lives. In this article, I examine how parent writers incorporated facets of community writing into their research practice as they developed their practices and identities as researchers. I also consider…

Hurtig, Janise

2008-01-01

134

Towards a sensible comprehension of severe community-acquired pneumonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four different rules have been suggested and validated for intensive care unit (ICU) admission for community-acquired pneumonia:\\u000a modified American Thoracic Society (ATS) rule, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)\\/ATS rule, España rule, and SMART-COP.\\u000a Their performance varies, with sensitivity of around 70% and specificity of around 80–90%. Only negative predictive values\\u000a are consistently high. Critical methodological issues include the appropriate

Santiago Ewig; Mark Woodhead; Antoni Torres

2011-01-01

135

Sensible heat observations reveal soil-water evaporation dynamics  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Soil water evaporation is important at scales ranging from microbial ecology to large-scale climate. Yet, routine measurments are unable to capture rapidly shifting near-surface soil heat and water processes involved in soil-water evaporation. The objective of this study was to determine the depth a...

136

Sensibility study in a flexible job shop scheduling problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes the impact assessment of the jobs order in the optimal time of operations in a Flexible Job Shop Scheduling Problem. In this work a real assembly cell was studied: the AIP-PRIMECA cell at the Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambrésis, in France, which is considered as a Flexible Job Shop problem. The problem consists in finding the machines operations schedule, taking into account the precedence constraints. The main objective is to minimize the batch makespan, i.e. the finish time of the last operation completed in the schedule. Shortly, the present study consists in evaluating if the jobs order affects the optimal time of the operations schedule. The genetic algorithm was used to solve the optimization problem. As a conclusion, it's assessed that the jobs order influence the optimal time.

Curralo, Ana; Pereira, Ana I.; Barbosa, José; Leita~o, Paulo

2013-10-01

137

Sensible Heat Flux Measurements Near A Cold Surface.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A unidirectional sonic anemometer with a fine-wire thermocouple in conjunction with a hot film anemometer were employed to measure the turbulent fluctuating velocities of W', U', and the fluctuating temperature T'. Covariances were evaluated to compute th...

Y. Yen

1995-01-01

138

Sensibility of Linkage Information and Effectiveness of Estimated Distributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The probabilistic model building performed by estimation of distribution algorithms (EDAs) enables these methods to use advanced techniques of statistics and machine learning for automatic discovery of problem structures. However, in some situations, it may not be possible to completely and accurately identify the whole problem structure by probabilistic modeling due to certain inherent properties of the given problem. In

Chung-Yao Chuang; Ying-ping Chen

2010-01-01

139

Caloric restriction and heart function: is there a sensible link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Calorie restriction (CR) is defined as a reduction in calorie intake below the usual ad libitum intake without malnutrition. Ample of clinical and experimental evidence has demonstrated that CR is capable of retarding aging process and development of cardiovascular disease. Although suppression of reactive oxygen species production and inflammation plays a central role in the favorable cardiovascular effects of CR,

Xue-feng Han; Jun Ren

2010-01-01

140

Enhancing college students’ environmental sensibilities through online nature journaling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing alienation of today’s children from the environment has been termed ‘nature-deficit disorder’. Research suggests this disconnect can adversely impact young people’s physical and psychological well-being. This paper explores whether online multimedia journaling about nature can increase the amount of time students spend outdoors, enhancing their environmental awareness and changing their nature-related perceptions. Students in a 60-person introductory environmental

Gwen Arnold

2012-01-01

141

Enhancing college students’ environmental sensibilities through online nature journaling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing alienation of today’s children from the environment has been termed ‘nature-deficit disorder’. Research suggests this disconnect can adversely impact young people’s physical and psychological well-being. This paper explores whether online multimedia journaling about nature can increase the amount of time students spend outdoors, enhancing their environmental awareness and changing their nature-related perceptions. Students in a 60-person introductory environmental

Gwen Arnold

2011-01-01

142

Long Term Sensibility of the NiCo Protein Chip  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the metal ion affinity chromatography, the nickel is used to capture the histidines(his)-tagged protein to make up a rapid purification system from the organism lysate. In this study, based on the optimization approach of Taguchi method, we developed a Ni-Co protein chip whose intermediate metal surface could capture the recombinant protein successfully. Thus, the proposed Ni-Co chip can provide

Yaw-Jen Chang; Yeon-Pun Chang; Cheng-Hao Chang; Chih-Yu Hu

2009-01-01

143

Energy and the environment: A sensible, no regrets'' proposal  

Microsoft Academic Search

America, it seems, uses too much energy. Thus, the government prepares to issue a new round of federal energy efficiency standards for all manner of household appliances. The Sierra Club insists that the federal government increase Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for automobiles and trucks. Other groups push electric cars. The Clinton Administration, for its part, wants the federal

Adler

2009-01-01

144

Towards a sensible comprehension of severe community-acquired pneumonia.  

PubMed

Four different rules have been suggested and validated for intensive care unit (ICU) admission for community-acquired pneumonia: modified American Thoracic Society (ATS) rule, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)/ATS rule, España rule, and SMART-COP. Their performance varies, with sensitivity of around 70% and specificity of around 80-90%. Only negative predictive values are consistently high. Critical methodological issues include the appropriate reference for derivation, the populations studied, the variables included, and the time course of pneumonia. Severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) may evolve because of acute respiratory failure or/and severe sepsis/septic shock. Pneumonia-related complications and decompensated comorbidities may be additional or independent reasons for a severe course. All variables included in predictive rules relate to the two principal reasons for SCAP. However, taken as major criteria, they are of little value for clinical assessment. Instead, a limited set of minor criteria reflecting severity seems appropriate. However, predictive rules may not meet principal needs of severity assessment because of failure in sensitivity, ignorance of the potential contribution of complications or decompensated comorbidity to pneumonia severity, and poor sensitivity for the lower extreme in the spectrum of severe pneumonia, i.e., patients at risk of SCAP. We therefore advocate an approach that refers to the evaluation of the need for intensified treatment rather than ICU, based on a set of minor criteria and sensitive to the dynamic nature of pneumonia. Intensified treatment such as monitoring and treatment of acute respiratory failure or/and severe sepsis/septic shock is thought to improve management and possibly outcomes by setting the focus on both patients with severity criteria at admission and those at risk for SCAP. PMID:21080155

Ewig, Santiago; Woodhead, Mark; Torres, Antoni

2010-11-16

145

Addressing Attribution through Contribution Analysis: Using Performance Measures Sensibly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that performance measurement can address attribution questions in studying accountability for results and outcomes in studies of public administration. Describes the steps necessary to produce a credible "contribution story" so that managers, researchers, and policy makers can arrive at conclusions about the contribution a program has…

Mayne, John

2001-01-01

146

Decision Making in ADR: Science, Sense and Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research about how we make decisions reveals that our decision-making is influenced by many factors. We are conscious of some of these factors and unconscious of others. Some theorists suggest that the processor of the brain is divided into two distinct systems that dictate how we think and make decisions. One system is fast, intuitive, reactive, emotional and often unconscious.

Tania Sourdin

2012-01-01

147

Bodily sensibility: vocabularies of the discredited male body  

Microsoft Academic Search

Warning: this article contains strong language.This paper explores how men might interpret and respond to a masculine bodily aesthetic in the wake of the putative obesity epidemic that reportedly affects most men in Western nations. This aesthetic, legitimated through discourses of health and risk management, is also shaped by popular representations of lean, toned and hard male bodies and their

Lee F. Monaghan; Michael Hardey

2009-01-01

148

Utilization of Basalt Stone as a Sensible Heat Storage Material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal energy storage plays an important role in the conservation of thermal energy in many processes, such as waste heat recovery and load leveling at power plants, including those utilizing alternative energy sources. The objective of this study is to investigate many aspects of basalt stone as a material of heat storage. Belonging to gabbro volcanic group, magmatic basalt rock

Huseyin Gunerhan; Arif Hepbasli

2005-01-01

149

Synergy and sensibility: a course on entrepreneurship in gerotechnologies.  

PubMed

"Health, Technology, and Aging" is a course developed to address three significant contemporary trends: aging populations, increasingly ubiquitous technology, and the economic imperative to encourage entrepreneurship. Course content is a blend of gerontology, informatics, and entrepreneurship designed for nonbusiness majors. Six interdisciplinary faculty modeled synergistic teamwork for the student teams. Findings suggest that students appreciated the interdisciplinary approach to teaching and learning and perceived gerotechnology as a promising market for business development. An external panel of judges scored student projects as well described, persuasive, and creative. Two plans of the four projects were judged to have potential for funding. PMID:20509064

Lorenzen-Huber, Lesa; Allen, Patricia; Kennedy-Armbruster, Carol

2010-01-01

150

Lessons of Solitude: The Awakening of Aesthetic Sensibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the contextual value of solitude in learning; in so doing, it attempts to suggest an alternative method of instruction that is based on aesthetics as the reciprocal relationship between emotions and intellect, and between action and contemplation. Such an aesthetic education or method seeks to guide the student towards the…

Caranfa, Angelo

2007-01-01

151

The a-B-C-ds of sensible sun protection.  

PubMed

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a carcinogen that also compromises skin appearance and function. Since the UV action spectra for DNA damage, skin cancer, and vitamin D photosynthesis are identical, and vitamin D is readily available from oral supplements, why has sun protection become controversial? First, the media and, apparently, some researchers are hungry for a new message. They have also drawn attention to the emerging evidence of possible vitamin D benefits other than for bone health. Second, the controversy is fueled by a powerful special interest group: the tanning industry. This industry does not target the frail elderly or inner-city ethnic minorities, which are the groups at greatest risk of vitamin D deficiency, but rather fair-skinned teenagers and young adults, who are at highest risk of UV photodamage. Third, evolution does not keep pace with civilization. When nature gave humans the appealing capacity for cutaneous vitamin D photosynthesis, life expectancy was less than 40 years of age; long-term photodamage was not a concern, and vitamin D deficiency, with its resulting skeletal abnormalities (rickets), was likely to be fatal in early life. This article briefly reviews the pseudo-controversy , as well as the data supporting a revision of the recommendations for vitamin D supplementation. It concludes with a suggested message for patients, many of whom are understandably confused by recent media coverage of the topic. PMID:18648712

Gilchrest, B A

2008-06-01

152

The Northwest Environmental Education Center: From Site to Sensibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Development of the Northwest Environmental Education Center (NEEC) is described in this two-part narration. Part One outlines its 13 year history, starting with the need for setting aside a 600-acre site as an educational reserve on Whidbey Island in the Puget Sound, Washington. Procedures followed and resulting problems associated with fund…

Ryan, Roberta

153

Control in vitro de garrapatas (Boophilus microplus; Acari: Ixodidae) mediante extractos vegetales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Control in vitro tick (Boophilus microplus; Acari: Ixodidae) through plant extracts. Hydro-alcohol extracts of ten tropical plants were tested by the immersion method on mature ticks (Boophilus microplus Canestrini 1887). The biological evaluation was made with raw hydro alcoholic extracts (R-OH) to determine the most promissory compounds, which later were fractioned in their polar and non-polar parts. The polar parts

Víctor Álvarez; Jorge Loaiza; Roberto Bonilla; Mariano Barrios

154

Fibras Vegetales y su Produccion en America (Vegetable Fibers and Their Production in America).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The book lists 45 fibrous plants that are useful for commercial fiber production. Cotton and linen are excluded since they are well-known and in popular use. Fibers are classified by their structure and location in the plant: hard fibers with a rigid text...

L. H. Dewey

1964-01-01

155

Microdosage Rapide et Sensible de Proteines Immobilisees sur Support Insoluble: Applications aux Anticorps Immobilises sur Polystyrene  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram antibodies immobilized on polystyrene is proposed. A procedure of protein staining on polystyrene with coomassie, brilliant blue G 250 follows Beer's law after release of the coloured complex. The lower limits of detection are determined.

R. Couturier; B. Perrin; G. Favre-bonvin; A. Ville

1985-01-01

156

Differential type VSM by subtracting diamagnetism of substrate sensible down to 10 ?5 emu  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sensitive differential type vibrating sample magnetometer (DVSM) was developed for the net magnetization measurements of a deposited sample subtracted by the substrate magnetization. The pick-up coils of the DVSM were composed of two pairs of coils at one side of the pole, which is effective also for vibration noise suppression.

Koji Yamada; Yasunori Kikuchi; Kazuhiko Onda

1995-01-01

157

Voice over Internet protocol for the orthodontic practice: a sensible switch from plain old telephone service.  

PubMed

Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) is a revolutionary new technology that is causing a stir in the telecommunications industry and threatening the existence of traditional telephone service providers. Based on a simple method of converting analog audio signals into digital data before being transmitted over the Internet, VoIP has gained immense popularity among consumers. The technology is now regarded as an alternative to traditional telephone service for the orthodontic office. When the economics are considered, it is cost-effective, especially for a busy orthodontic practice where the call volumes both in and out are always high. VoIP has the potential to reduce costs, break the barriers between local vs long-distance calling, and make life easier for the office staff. However, deploying VoIP requires a cautious and thought-out process. Users should fully understand the risks and benefits before switching from the public switched telephone network. VoIP customers and service providers are vulnerable to many of the same impersonation-based attacks by those who attempt toll fraud, and identity and information theft. In this article, VoIP is introduced to orthodontic practitioners, who might be unfamiliar with this technology. Internet protocol based private branch exchange systems that are currently marketed as open-source technologies are also reviewed. Additionally, VoIP is compared with the traditional public switched telephone network technology and evaluated for its potential applications in an orthodontic office for both increased efficiency and cost savings. PMID:18331949

Mupparapu, Muralidhar

2008-03-01

158

Sensible Tools of Engagement: Three Channels for Online Education, and Why You Should Use Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

In teaching both traditional undergraduates(17-25 years old) and non-traditional graduate students, I've found that age is not necessarily the deciding factor for judging a student's comfort level with technology. Some of my more media-savvy students have been my age or older, while some of those who struggled most were younger. In my experience, the following three types of technology (beyond

Debra Beck

2009-01-01

159

Making Longevity in an Aging Society: Linking Ethical Sensibility and Medicare Spending  

PubMed Central

An aging U.S. society, a growing array of life-extending medical interventions, Medicare policy and an ethic of individual decision-making together contribute to the deepening societal tension between controlling health care costs and enabling health consumer use of life-sustaining technologies. The activities that constitute longevity making, like so many other socio-medical practices, constitute a site for the governing of life and the emergence of new forms of ethical comportment and social participation. Those activities – including the necessity of treating risk, the difficulty of saying ‘no’ to evidence-based interventions and the responsibility of choosing among clinical options -- also lie at the heart of debates about health care rationing and reform. Cardiac procedures, organ transplantation and cancer treatments are three examples of medicine’s success in extending life and are emblematic of the existential and societal quandaries that result. A perspective from medical anthropology shows the ways in which the making of life is linked to health care spending and the ongoing debates about age-based rationing.

Kaufman, Sharon R.

2010-01-01

160

Improve accuracy and sensibility in glycan structure prediction by matching glycan isotope abundance.  

PubMed

Mass Spectrometry (MS) is a powerful technique for the determination of glycan structures and is capable of providing qualitative and quantitative information. Recent development in computational method offers an opportunity to use glycan structure databases and de novo algorithms for extracting valuable information from MS or MS/MS data. However, detecting low-intensity peaks that are buried in noisy data sets is still a challenge and an algorithm for accurate prediction and annotation of glycan structures from MS data is highly desirable. The present study describes a novel algorithm for glycan structure prediction by matching glycan isotope abundance (mGIA), which takes isotope masses, abundances, and spacing into account. We constructed a comprehensive database containing 808 glycan compositions and their corresponding isotope abundance. Unlike most previously reported methods, not only did we take into count the m/z values of the peaks but also their corresponding logarithmic Euclidean distance of the calculated and detected isotope vectors. Evaluation against a linear classifier, obtained by training mGIA algorithm with datasets of three different human tissue samples from Consortium for Functional Glycomics (CFG) in association with Support Vector Machine (SVM), was proposed to improve the accuracy of automatic glycan structure annotation. In addition, an effective data preprocessing procedure, including baseline subtraction, smoothing, peak centroiding and composition matching for extracting correct isotope profiles from MS data was incorporated. The algorithm was validated by analyzing the mouse kidney MS data from CFG, resulting in the identification of 6 more glycan compositions than the previous annotation and significant improvement of detection of weaker peaks compared with the algorithm previously reported. PMID:22882827

Xu, Guang; Liu, Xin; Liu, Qing Yan; Zhou, Yanhong; Li, Jianjun

2012-07-16

161

Effect of Atropine on Local Skin Wettedness and Sensible Heat Loss.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examined arm skin wettedness (w) and dry heat loss (arm R+C) responses during atropine injection (2 mg im, vastis lateralis) or saline injection in heat acclimated subjects. Six male subjects dressed in shorts and sneakers, each exercised (1h t...

R. R. Gonzalez M. A. Kolka L. A. Stephenson

1984-01-01

162

Organizationally Sensible vs. Legal-Centric Responses to the Eroding Employment At-Will Doctrine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most private sector American employers have responded to the uncertainty created by the erosion of the employment at-will doctrine by adopting tactics aimed at avoiding the perceived costs associated with salient legal concerns (e.g., requiring written agreements to preserve the at-will relationship and defeat implied-contract claims). This article discusses the limitations of such a highly legal-centric approach, and provides an

Mark V. Roehling; Patrick Wright

2004-01-01

163

Marketing Outputs as Art? Bringing an Aesthetic Sensibility to the Marketing Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Can marketing outputs--advertising, packaging, product design, and retail environments--be considered a form of art? This paper explores the potential for incorporating the theories and concepts of aesthetics in the marketing curriculum in order to facilitate students' capacity to interpret marketing outputs and develop effective practical…

Petkus, Ed, Jr.; Budeva, Desislava; Chung, Christina; Dzhogleva, Hristina

2011-01-01

164

Sense or Sensibility?: How Commitment Mediates the Role of Self-Service Technology on Loyalty  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been well documented that employing self-service technology (SST) results in considerable cost savings but few studies have examined its impact on consumers’ behavior. We apply a well-recognized model from the field of services marketing in an SST context. We examine how the established relationships between satisfaction, affective and calculative commitments, and loyalty are affected when the service is provided through a technology interface as opposed to service personnel. We then present two alternative perspectives on the role of SST. The first is based on the predominant assumption that SST is a moderator of the relationship between customer loyalty and its drivers, while the other rests on the assumption that SST is just another context and that its role in affecting customer loyalty is mediated by drivers of loyalty. A cross-sectional study conducted in the banking industry shows that SST does not change everything. The classical model of how customers evaluate services and the predictors of loyalty are replicated in the SST setting. Interestingly, SST does not have a direct influence on loyalty by itself but its effects are mediated by commitment. However, it is the affective commitment that is more important in forming loyalty toward the service provider.

Singh, Sangeeta; Olsen, Line Lervik

165

No sense; no sensibility--a tale of two adult hairdrier burns.  

PubMed

Hot air burns resulting from hairdriers held against the skin are rare. The largest published clinical series relates to burns in children injured by the use of hairdriers at home. Adults are assumed not to be at risk because the pain associated with thermal injury would normally stimulate acute action to prevent further skin damage. We present two adult patients in whom the normal protective mechanisms were inactive. There was loss of consciousness resulting from an epileptic fit in one case, and the local absence of sensation in a flap used to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy, in the other. The temperatures generated by hairdriers were experimentally assessed and the results are reviewed. We emphasize that hairdriers are a potentially dangerous source of hot air and can cause burns. PMID:9426919

Aslam, A; Khoo, C T

1997-08-01

166

Air flow and associated sensible heat exchanges in a naturally ventilated greenhouse  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the three-dimensional nature of the air flow within the greenhouse, a three-dimensional sonic anemometer was used for the direct measurement of air and heat exchange inside the greenhouse and through the vent of a twin-span greenhouse equipped with a continuous roof vent at the gutter. Measurements were carried out both in the vent opening itself and

T. Boulard; G. Papadakis; C. Kittas; M. Mermier

1997-01-01

167

CLASH! Superheroic yet Sensible Strategies for Teaching the New Literacies Despite the Status Quo  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book offers ideas that secondary teachers, university content faculty, and teacher educators can use to challenge traditional literacy practices and demonstrate creative, innovative ways of incorporating new literacies into the classroom, all within a strong theoretical framework. Teachers are trying to catch up to the new challenges of the…

Vavra, Sandra, Ed.; Spencer, Sharon L., Ed.

2011-01-01

168

Making Longevity in an Aging Society: Linking Ethical Sensibility and Medicare Spending  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aging society, a growing array of life-extending medical interventions, Medicare policy, and an ethic of individual decision making together contribute to the deepening societal tension in the United States between controlling health care costs and enabling health consumer use of life-sustaining technologies. The activities that constitute longevity making, like so many other sociomedical practices, comprise a site for the

Sharon R. Kaufman

2009-01-01

169

Comprehension from the Ground Up: Simplified, Sensible Instruction for the K-3 Reading Workshop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author cuts through the pressurized, strategy-overloaded, fluency-crazed atmosphere surrounding reading instruction to lay out the reading and writing workshop practices that are most effective in developing readers in the primary grades. She shares the daily how-tos needed to sustain a literacy block that engages children in authentic…

Taberski, Sharon

2010-01-01

170

Sensible Proof of Spirits”: Ghost Belief during the Later Seventeenth Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines beliefs about ghosts from 1650 to 1700 as an area in its own right, as distinct from, albeit related to, earlier post-reformation beliefs. It particularly considers the approach of anti-sadducean writers to ghosts and spirits, and seeks to explore the historical context for such beliefs.

Jo Bath; John Newton

2006-01-01

171

Sensory electroneurographic parameters and clinical recovery of sensibility in sutured human nerves  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 37 patients with traumatic transection of median or ulnar nerves at the wrist (total 41 nerves) were examined clinically and electrophysiologically 4–59 months after primary or secondary suture or grafting. There was a significant increase of cumulative amplitude with the time after suture, whereas maximum sensory nerve conduction velocity and maximum amplitude of nerve action potentials did

W. Tackmann; J. Brennwald; H. Nigst

1983-01-01

172

Developing a Framework for Sensible Regulation: Lessons from OSHA's Proposed Ergonomics Rule  

Microsoft Academic Search

Injuries caused by workplace activities that involve repetitive motion, known as musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), increasingly concern workers, employers, and regulators because of their frequency and high treatment costs. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently proposed a national rule designed to reduce the workplace risk of MSDs. OSHA estimates there were about 626,000 MSDs in 1997, representing about one-third

Robert W. Hahn; Petrea R. Moyle

2000-01-01

173

[Determining health policy for sensible mobile phone use--current world status].  

PubMed

Mobile phones have become the leading communication system, with more than 4.5 billions users around the world. The sharp increase in the number of users, and its penetration to all populations, including children, has raised concern about possible adverse health effects, particularly cancer This article reviews the public health policies introduced in Israel and several other countries regarding mobile phone use in view of the lack of clarity concerning the safety of this new technology. The data show that most countries have adopted the precautionary principle as the leading guideline, recommending the use of simple and low-cost safety measures which could substantially reduce exposure to the brain and other body organs from mobile phones. These include the use of text messages, hands-free kits, and/or the loud-speaker mode of the phone. Accordingly, recommendations, guidelines, standards, and legislation aimed at the general population, drivers, state institutions and the industry have been formulated. For children, who are considered to be more susceptible to cancer development following exposure to carcinogens, there is widespread consensus for a stricter approach. In some countries, measures such as banning use of mobile phones in schools, prohibiting sales/advertisements targeted at young age groups, expanding warnings on phones/ packages, and encouraging educational campaigns have been adopted for this population. Regulations regarding phone use while driving have been instituted in most countries. In conclusion, many public health practitioners have moved from the theoretical level (adoption of the precautionary principle) to an active phase of introducing regulations, with specific emphasis to various populations. PMID:21574350

Sagi, Omer Itzhak; Sadetzki, Siegal

2011-03-01

174

Poem as Proposition in the Analects: A Whiteheadian reading of a Confucian sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

I suggest that ubiquitous references made by Confucius to poetic songs in the Analects reveal an important aspect of his philosophy. This aspect involves the assumption that things in the world “resonate” with one another. Using elements of Alfred North Whitehead's thought, as well as metaphysical insights from the Han Dynasty text, Huainanzi, I first present an aesthetic theory along

Jim P. Behuniak

1998-01-01

175

Correction to “Numerical evaluation of subsurface soil water evaporation derived from sensible heat balance”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat balance method for subsurface evaporation determination was evaluatedImproved accuracy from tighter near-surface temperature measurement spacingHeat pulse probe is more accurate using locally determined thermal conductivity

Masaru Sakai; Scott B. Jones; Markus Tuller

2011-01-01

176

Commentary: Sense and sensibility: the role of specialists in health care reform.  

PubMed

How to redesign the incentives structure in the United States to reward effective coordinated care rather than production volume is a staggering public health policy challenge. In the mind of the public, there is a fine distinction between health care rationing and rational health care. Specialists have a vital but underappreciated role in reining in health care costs, but specific incentives to elicit behavior change with positive social outcomes remain ambiguous. It is imperative, therefore, that redesigning the incentives structure is thoughtfully considered, modeled, and tested prior to implementation, lest an inferior-quality model is inadvertently adopted and costs are only marginally contained. Quality metrics need to be universal and reflect real patient outcomes instead of the degree of investment by the institution in the reporting tools. Still, specialists should take immediate action to implement safe and efficient procedures and to assess their long-term impact on patients' quality of life. Scientific evaluations should guide both the assessment of the appropriateness and the safe delivery of care. Investment in high-quality data architecture and the science of health delivery implementation is an imperative if health care reform is to achieve its goals. Coordination and collaboration between specialists and primary care physicians is essential to this enterprise. Specialists can champion these efforts as they pertain to their areas of expertise by considering their care episodes in the context of the patient as a whole, working closely with generalists, and returning to the mindset of the specialist as a family doctor. PMID:22373614

Schwann, Nanette M; Nester, Brian A; McLoughlin, Thomas M

2012-03-01

177

Problem Solving: A Sensible Approach to Children's Science and Social Studies Learning--and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|West outlines the scientific method as a proven problem-solving method for young children across the curriculum and in all areas of life and learning. She emphasizes that doing, thinking, and talking with peers when problem solving are as important as writing conclusions. The article walks readers through a second grade class's experiment in…

West, Martha

2007-01-01

178

Divergent Approaches and Converging Views: Drawing Sensible Linkages between Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge management (KM) and organizational learning (OL) have developed in both divergent and convergent ways. In particular, these fields have relatively distinct intellectual traditions and conditions that gave rise to disciplines, as well as a certain level of disparity in research focus and view of knowledge. For example, KM focuses more on the content of knowledge and products of managing

Jing Zhang; Sue R. Faerman

2003-01-01

179

Learning through Ritual: An Exploration of the Tea Ceremony Provides Insight into Japanese Sensibilities of Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers how mitate, the act of drawing an analogy between two seemingly unrelated things, was used to give students a 'way in' to designing an addition to the main hall of a Shinto Shrine in Japan. The challenge of the project was to create places that celebrate local identity; yet without the opportunity to visit Japan, how then

Robert Brown

180

Sensibility Study of St Andrew Bay Rapid Response System for Naval Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rapid assessment of littoral ocean physical and chemical conditions has represented a great challenge in recent years. For the physical part, time constraint may limit to using the barotropic mode. But because rain can be significant in St Andrew Bay syst...

P. Pauly

2005-01-01

181

Sensibility of male rats fertility against olive oil, Nigella sativa oil and pomegranate extract  

PubMed Central

Objective To clarify the modulatory effects of daily consumption of pomegranate extract (PE), olive oil (OO) and Nagilla sativa oil (NSO) on antioxidant activity, sperm quality and pituitary-testicular axis of adult male wistar rats. Methods Thirty-two adult male Wistar rats were divided into four equal groups, eight rats each. Using rat gastric tubes, 1.0 mL distilled water, 1.0 mL PE, 0.4 mL NSO and 0.4 mL OO were orally administered daily for 6 weeks in the first, second, third and fourth groups, respectively. Reproductive organs, body weight, sperm criteria, testosterone, FSH, LH, inhibin-B, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant enzyme activities were investigated. At the end of the study protocol, analyses occurred at the same time. Data were analysed by ANOVA test and P<0.05 was considered to be a significant value. Results In all studied groups, malondialdehyde level was significantly decreased accompanied with an increases in glutathione peroxidase and glutathione. Rats treated with PE showed an increase in catalase activities accompanied with an increase in sperm concentration which was also observed in NSO group. In PE treated group, sperm motility was also increased accompanied with decreased abnormal sperm rate. NSO, OO and PE treated groups shows an insignificant effect on testosterone, inhibin-B, FSH and LH in comparison with control group. Conclusions These results show that administration of PE, NSO and OO could modify sperm characteristics and antioxidant activity of adult male wistar rats.

Mansour, Sherif W.; Sangi, Sibghatullah; Harsha, Sree; Khaleel, Mueen A.; Ibrahim, A. R. N.

2013-01-01

182

Sense and Sensibility: The Case for the Nationwide Inclusion of Engineering In the K-12 Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitive status of the United States is inextricably linked to innovation just as innovation is inseparable from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. To stay competitive in innovation requires that the United States produce a 21st century workforce complete with requisite education, training, skills, and motivation. If we accept a priori that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education and are

Robert E. Lindberg; Thomas E. Pinelli; James G. Batterson

183

Resolution and sensibility increase in CR-39 plastic cosmic ray detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The best resolution and sensitivity thus far achieved in a solid-state nuclear track detector for the registering of cosmic rays have been obtained with a polymer of dietylene glycol bis allyl carbonate. It has been empirically determined that the resolution and sensitivity of these detectors are modified when the material is doped with such additives as dioctyl phthalate. These effects are presently discussed with a view to further enhancements of resolution and sensitivity.

Laville, A.; Perez-Peraza, J.; Lopez, D.; Balcazar-Garcia, M.; Lopez, A.

1987-05-01

184

Translating culture, transcending difference? Cosmopolitan consciousness and Sufi sensibilities in New York City after 2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on Muslims for whom tasawwuf (Sufism) was the most authentic practice of Islam, the key to authentic Americanness after 2001, and necessary for creating harmonious communities worldwide. Like many other Muslims, the New York Sufis discussed here saw distinguishing between religious universals (“authentic Islam”) and particular ethnic and national traditions (“culture”) as part of multicultural and cosmopolitan

Rosemary R. Hicks

2008-01-01

185

BREAKING RECORDS - SENSIBLE MANAGEMENT HELPS ALABAMA'S LONG-TERM EXPERIMENTS NET RECORD YIELDS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Alabama's Old Rotation Experiment (circa 1896) and the Cullars Rotation Experiment (circa 1911) at Auburn University have set record or near record crop yields for these experiments over the last few years. Researchers contributing to the Old Rotation and Cullars Rotation experiments attribute high...

186

Leaving No Warriors Behind: The Ancient Roots of a Modern Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ethos of leaving no one behind has traditionally animated military forces distinguished by elite status, closed cultures, and frequent operational isolation (e.g., the French Foreign Legion, US Marines, and US Army Rangers). With the recent approval of the Soldier’s Creed, however, the exhortation to leave no one behind has been formally disseminated throughout the US Army. This creed, embraced

Elizabeth D. Samet

2005-01-01

187

Improving hand sensibility in vibration induced neuropathy: A case-series  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  We report a long-term series of nine workers suffering from vibration-induced neuropathy, after many years of exposure to\\u000a hand-held vibrating tools at high or low frequency. They were treated with temporary selective cutaneous anaesthesia (EMLA® cream) of the forearm repeatedly for a period up to one year (in two cases four years). The aim was to improve their capacity\\u000a to

Birgitta Rosén; Anders Björkman; Göran Lundborg

2011-01-01

188

The role of coherent flow structures in the sensible heat fluxes of an Alaskan boreal forest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accelerations in the flow over forests generate coherent structures which locally enhance updrafts and downdrafts, forcing rapid exchanges of energy and matter. Here, observations of the turbulent flow are made in a highly heterogeneous black spruce boreal forest in Fairbanks, Alaska at ~2.6 h (12 m) and ~0.6 h (3 m), where h is the mean canopy height of 4.7 m. Wavelet analysis is used to detect coherent structures. The sonic temperature and wind data cover 864 half-hour periods spanning winter, spring, and summer. When mean global statistics of structures are analyzed at the two levels independently, results are similar to other studies. Specifically, an average of eight structures occurs per period, their mean duration is 85 s, and their mean heat flux contribution is 48%. However, this analysis suggests that 31% of the structures detected at 2.6 h, and 13% at 0.6 h, may be influenced by wave-like flow organization. Remarkably, less than 25% of the structures detected occur synchronously in the subcanopy and above canopy levels, which speaks robustly to the lack of flow interaction within only nine vertical meters of the forest.

Starkenburg, Derek; Fochesatto, Gilberto J.; Prakash, Anupma; Cristóbal, Jordi; Gens, Rudiger; Kane, Douglas L.

2013-08-01

189

Regulating transgenic crops sensibly: lessons from plant breeding, biotechnology and genomics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The costs of meeting regulatory requirements and market restrictions guided by regulatory criteria are substantial impediments to the commercialization of transgenic crops. Although a cautious approach may have been prudent initially, we argue that some regulatory requirements can now be modified to reduce costs and uncertainty without compromising safety. Long-accepted plant breeding methods for incorporating new diversity into crop varieties,

Kent J Bradford; Allen Van Deynze; Neal Gutterson; Wayne Parrott; Steven H Strauss

2005-01-01

190

Sex and Sensibility: A Parent's Guide to Talking Sense about Sex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children who grow up in an atmosphere of openness about sexuality grow up more slowly and more responsibly. This book offers parents a new framework for talking honestly about sex and sexuality with their children. The first part of the book examines new ways of thinking and talking, while the second part addresses concrete ways of raising…

Roffman, Deborah M.

191

Real Estate Pricing: Spreads & Sensibilities: Why Real Estate Pricing is Rational  

Microsoft Academic Search

Executive Summary. Some investors believe real estate has become overpriced because cap rates seem numeri- cally low when compared with historical rates. Cap rates do not, by themselves, signal an over- or under-priced market, or a cyclical or secular trend. One needs to look at the connections between the capital markets and the real estate markets, and to look at

Jun Chen; Susan Hudson-Wilson; Hans Nordby

192

EXPLORING, SENSIBILITY AND WONDER SCIENCE WITH YOUNG CHILDREN AND USING THE SENSES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five years ago I was a firm believer in a process-approach to primary science. We were impressed of the rapidly growing amount of information the children were immersed in (especially by the influence of the TV) and by the rapidly expanding and changing sciences. A proverb we used frequently was: 'knowledge is like fish, it is rotting soon.' We also

Alfred North Whitehead; Lazer Goldberg

1997-01-01

193

You Can't Do It All! A Sensible Way to Distribute School Leadership Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the demands on school leaders expand, it's becoming more and more important to lead from one's strengths. The authors' review of literature on essential school leadership responsibilities led them to write "Differentiated School Leadership: Effective Collaboration, Communication and Change through Personality Type," which revealed 26 separate…

Kise, Jane; Russell, Beth

2009-01-01

194

A legislative proposal: Why not enact a law that would help us set sensible priorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental decisions are difficult in any circumstance, and especially so when the economy is weak and there is competition for resources both in the private sector and in government. People want a clean environment, but they don't want to pay more than is necessary. Man can't do everything at once. The question of priorities arises, almost unbidden. The choice is

Moynihan

2009-01-01

195

Photo-sensible (thymine containing) azo-polysiloxanes: synthesis and light induced effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

. The paper presents the possibility to obtain azo-polysiloxanes modified with thymine and their light induced processing with potential interest in opto-electronics or biomolecules nanomanipulation. The presence of the thymine group in the polymeric structure can confer to material biological properties, in the same time the capacity of tymine to generate H-bonds being useful to the relief geometry stabilization in time. The investigated polymers were obtained in a two step reaction, starting from a polysiloxane containing chlorobenzyl groups in the side chain. The azopolysiloxanes' photochromic behaviour was investigated in solid state, using thin films etalated on the surface of a quartz slide. The effect of surface relief structuration process under the action of UV (355 nm) laser radiation was studied. Laser induced effects on the material surface depends on the incident laser fluence and number of pulses.

Enea, R.; Apostol, I.; Damian, V.; Hurduc, N.; Iordache, I.

2008-03-01

196

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in sports medicine: guidelines for practical but sensible use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction:Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are commonly used in sports medicine. NSAID have known anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and antithrombotic effects, although their in-vivo effects in treating musculoskeletal injuries in humans remain largely unknown. NSAID analgesic action is not significantly greater than paracetamol for musculoskeletal injury but they have a higher risk profile, with side-effects including asthma exacerbation, gastrointestinal and renal side-effects,

J. A. Paoloni; C. Milne; J. Orchard

2009-01-01

197

Sensibility of hydrous ethanol adulteration detection using ultrasonic parameters validated in a metrological base  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study is to identify possible changes in fuels, in this case hydrous ethanol, through ultrasonic parameters such as attenuation and propagation speed. The system setup and method were implemented at Inmetro's Laboratory of Ultrasound. Experiments and method uncertainties were assessed accordingly to ISO/IEC Guide 98 1:2009 (Uncertainty of measurement - Part 1: Introduction to the expression of uncertainty in measurement). Mixtures of ethanol and water varying from 90% to 94% of alcohol in mass were used as testing samples. Attenuation and propagation speed were accurately measured and uncertainties evaluated. The accordingly to Brazilian biofuel regulations, the concentration of water in hydrous ethanol can be accepted at a maximum concentration of 93.8 and minimum of 92.6 of alcohol in mass. To achieve that figure, a functional combination of tested parameters should be implemented. Those results could be used as a tool to identify adulteration of biofuel, even in analysis performed on site.

K-K Figueiredo, Monique; Costa-Felix, Rodrigo P. B.; Maggi, Luis E.; Alvarenga, André V.; Romeiro, Gilberto A.

2011-02-01

198

Roy Schafer's contributions to psychological testing: from clinical sensibility to the analytic attitude.  

PubMed

The author reviews Schafer's contributions to psychological testing, emphasizing his development of the test battery, his significant contributions to psychoanalytically oriented Rorschach interpretation, and his understanding of the complex interpersonal dynamics involved in psychological test interpretation. The author also discusses his use of Schafer's writing in his own teaching and academic work, noting that Schafer's contributions have not only provided innovative methods for examining test data, but have also promoted a respectful, humanistic, and individualized approach to the patient in testing and treatment. The author asserts that Schafer's later seminal contributions to psychoanalysis had their origins in his early career as a psychologist applying psychoanalytic ideas to testing. PMID:23457096

Fritsch, Richard C

2013-01-01

199

From "Therapeutic" to Political Education: The Centrality of Affective Sensibility in Critical Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the need for humanising education is pressing in neoliberal societies, the conditions for its possibility in formal institutions have become particularly cramped. A constellation of factors--the strength of neoliberal ideologies, the corporatisation of universities, the conflation of human freedom with consumer satisfaction and a wider…

Amsler, Sarah S.

2011-01-01

200

Beyond the Sensible World: A Discussion of Mark Zuss' The Practice of Theoretical Curiosity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Gene Fellner reviews Mark Zuss's recently published "The practice of theoretical curiosity" (2012) and provides a synopsis of the book's structure. These two sections are followed by a metalogue in which Mark Zuss, Welsey Pitts, and Fellner discuss curiosity and the conundrum of establishing limits beyond which curiosity should…

Fellner, Gene; Pitts, Wesley; Zuss, Mark

2012-01-01

201

A field study of the effects of inhomogeneities of surface sensible and latent heat fluxes  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, the problem of characterizing turbulent fluxes of heat, momentum, and moisture over inhomogeneous surfaces has received increasing attention. This issue is relevant to the performance of general circulation models (GCMs), in which a single grid element can encompass a variety of surface and topographical features. Although considerable progress has been made in describing the energy balance at a surface partially covered by vegetation, less is known about how to treat adjacent regions of sharply contrasting surface characteristics. One difficulty is the scarcity of suitable data sets with which to study the problem, particularly on scales of tens to hundreds of kilometers.

Doran, J.C. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Barnes, F.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Coulter, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Crawford, T.L. [Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, TN (United States)

1992-01-01

202

CARACTERIZACIÓN DE LAS COMUNIDADES VEGETALES EN UN ÁREA AFECTADA POR DERRAMES DE HIDROCARBUROS Characterization of Plant Communities in an Area Affected by Hydrocarbon Spill  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The petroleum industry development in the Mexican southeast has caused pollution of its environment due to oil spills, which affect several components of the ecosystems where its infrastructure is located. At present, methods to evaluate the botanic quality of polluted areas are being developed in a specific level or considering the whole ecosystem. The objective of this study was

Eustolia García-López; Joel Zavala-Cruz; David J. Palma-López

2005-01-01

203

Tactile sensibility in the human hand: receptive field characteristics of mechanoreceptive units in the glabrous skin area.  

PubMed Central

1. Impulses in tactile units innervating the glabrous skin of the hand recorded from the median nerve of adult human subjects. The recording electrodes which were made of tungsten were inserted percutaneously in the upper arm. 2. The units were classified on the basis of their sensitivity to sustained identation and to remote stimuli. Two types of rapidly adapting units and two types of slowly adapting units were found. In accordance with earlier reports they were denoted RA and PC units, and SA I and SA II units. 3. The sensitivity profiles of the receptive fields were analysed by measuring the extent of the receptive field as a function of the identation amplitude. 4. The RA and SA I units had receptive fields with several zones of maximal sensitivity distributed over an approximately circular or oval area typically covering five to ten papillary ridges. Within this area the sensitivity was high, whereas the sensitivity diminished steeply with increasing distance from this area. 5. The PC and SA II units had receptive fields with a single zone of maximal sensitivity and gentle continuous threshold increase outside this zone. 6. The relation between the identation amplitude and the receptive field size of a unit was described by a power function. The power exponent for the RA and SA I units was well below unity, whereas the PC and SA II units had exponenets greater than unity. The variation in exponent was very small among the RA and among the SA I units. Their average exponents were therefore regarded as characteristics of the unit type. 7. The SA II units were qualitatively studied with regard to their sensitivity to lateral skin stretch. Three different types of SA II units were described with regard to the directional pattern of this sensitivity. 8. The relation of the present findings to the problem of correlation between morphological structures of nerve end-organs and physiologically defined unit types is considered. 9. Moreover, the findings, indicate that the RA and SA I units are well suited for the analysis of mechanical events on the skin surface with a high degree of spatial selectivity, whereas the PC and SA II units are suited for analysis of other mechanical events, e.g. vibration and various forms of tension in the skin and related tissues.

Johansson, R S

1978-01-01

204

Experimental study on optimized composition of mixed carbonate salt for sensible heat storage in solar thermal power plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty six kinds of mixed carbonate molten salts were prepared by mixing potassium carbonate, lithium carbonate, sodium carbonate in accordance with different proportions. The data of melting point, decomposition temperature, specific heat are measured by the analysis of the TGA and DSC curves of 36 kinds of salts, which show that melting points of major ternary carbonate are close at

Yu-ting Wu; Nan Ren; Tao Wang; Chong-fang Ma

2011-01-01

205

PS2-43: Sensible Use of ICD-9 Diagnosis of Observational Data in Breast and Endometrial Cancer Research  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Utilization of administrative data (such as EHR data) in population-based research is resource advantageous, despite its potential limitations. Few studies have fully assessed the validity and efficiency of EHR-retrieved data. We developed ICD-9 based algorithms and operational processes to evaluate applicability of EHR-derived cancer data. Methods We retrieved data between 01/01/2002–12/30/2011 from 4 different EHR sources and developed 3 ICD9-based diagnostic algorithms (1+, 2+ and 5+). Women were classified into breast or endometrial cancers or benign breast conditions (BBC). One trained abstractor manually reviewed medical records and recorded data into a structured database. Every 10 observations were selected and reviewed. Basic descriptive statistical analyses were conducted; observations with questionable values were flagged for re-evaluation. The final dataset was considered the “gold standard” and used to validate the algorithms and to assess the duration between the diagnostic and administrative dates. Results A total of 1,056 women contributed to this study. Of these, 189 were diagnosed with breast and 40 with endometrial cancers. An additional 268 women had BBC. For breast cancer, using the first algorithm we calculated a sensitivity of 95.2% and specificity of 96.4%. Application of the second algorithm yielded a sensitivity of 94.2% and specificity of 97.6%. For the third one, our calculations indicated 89.0% sensitivity and 97.9% specificity. Our analyses based on the same algorithms yielded similar sensitivity and specificity for endometrial cancer. For BBC, we calculated a sensitivity of 82.5% and specificity of 56.7% based on the first, 73.1% sensitivity and specificity of 71.9% for the second, and 38.8% sensitivity and specificity of 90.5% for the third algorithm. The average duration between diagnostic and administrative dates for incident breast, endometrial cancers and BBC was 0.65, 0.01, and 0.31 years, respectively. Conclusions Our initial findings confirm the validity and potential utility of EHR for population-based cancer research. The algorithm of “2+ ICD-9 Coding System” yielded the most efficient process. The observed lower sensitivity and specificity for BBC potentially can be attributed to the wider pathologic spectrum of BBC. The relatively short duration between the EHR and diagnostic dates suggests unbiased interchangeability of dates.

Feng, Wen; Yan, Xiaowei (Sherry); Colonie, Ryan; Prichard, Jeffrey; Gogoi, Radhika; Stark, Azadeh

2013-01-01

206

PS2-43: Sensible Use of ICD-9 Diagnosis of Observational Data in Breast and Endometrial Cancer Research.  

PubMed

Background/Aims Utilization of administrative data (such as EHR data) in population-based research is resource advantageous, despite its potential limitations. Few studies have fully assessed the validity and efficiency of EHR-retrieved data. We developed ICD-9 based algorithms and operational processes to evaluate applicability of EHR-derived cancer data. Methods We retrieved data between 01/01/2002-12/30/2011 from 4 different EHR sources and developed 3 ICD9-based diagnostic algorithms (1+, 2+ and 5+). Women were classified into breast or endometrial cancers or benign breast conditions (BBC). One trained abstractor manually reviewed medical records and recorded data into a structured database. Every 10 observations were selected and reviewed. Basic descriptive statistical analyses were conducted; observations with questionable values were flagged for re-evaluation. The final dataset was considered the "gold standard" and used to validate the algorithms and to assess the duration between the diagnostic and administrative dates. Results A total of 1,056 women contributed to this study. Of these, 189 were diagnosed with breast and 40 with endometrial cancers. An additional 268 women had BBC. For breast cancer, using the first algorithm we calculated a sensitivity of 95.2% and specificity of 96.4%. Application of the second algorithm yielded a sensitivity of 94.2% and specificity of 97.6%. For the third one, our calculations indicated 89.0% sensitivity and 97.9% specificity. Our analyses based on the same algorithms yielded similar sensitivity and specificity for endometrial cancer. For BBC, we calculated a sensitivity of 82.5% and specificity of 56.7% based on the first, 73.1% sensitivity and specificity of 71.9% for the second, and 38.8% sensitivity and specificity of 90.5% for the third algorithm. The average duration between diagnostic and administrative dates for incident breast, endometrial cancers and BBC was 0.65, 0.01, and 0.31 years, respectively. Conclusions Our initial findings confirm the validity and potential utility of EHR for population-based cancer research. The algorithm of "2+ ICD-9 Coding System" yielded the most efficient process. The observed lower sensitivity and specificity for BBC potentially can be attributed to the wider pathologic spectrum of BBC. The relatively short duration between the EHR and diagnostic dates suggests unbiased interchangeability of dates. PMID:24085963

Feng, Wen; Yan, Xiaowei Sherry; Colonie, Ryan; Prichard, Jeffrey; Gogoi, Radhika; Stark, Azadeh

2013-09-01

207

Vibration generating apparatus and method introducing hypersonic effect to activate fundamental brain network and heighten aesthetic sensibility  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A means is provided for generating a vibration or a vibration signal, which contains audible range components that are vibration components in the audible frequency range and super-high-frequency components within a range exceeding the audible frequency range up to a predetermined maximum frequency, and which has an autocorrelation order represented by at least either one of a first property and a second property. By applying the vibration or an actual vibration generated from the vibration signal to a human being, a fundamental brain activation effect activating the fundamental brain network system constituted of a fundamental brain including the brain stem, thalamus and hypothalamus that are regions to bear the fundamental function of the human being and the fundamental brain network of neuronal projection from the fundamental brain to various brain regions is introduced.

2012-05-01

208

Membrane Dehumidifier: High-Efficiency, On-Line Membrane Air Dehumidifier Enabling Sensible Cooling for Warm and Humid Climates  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: ADMA Products is developing a foil-like membrane for air conditioners that efficiently removes moisture from humid air. ADMA Products’s metal foil-like membrane consists of a paper thin, porous metal sheet coated with a layer of water-loving molecules. This new membrane allows water vapor to permeate across the membrane at high fluxes and at the same time, blocks air penetration efficiently resulting in high selectivity. The high selectivity of the membrane translates to less energy use, while the high permeation fluxes result in a more compact device. The new materials and the flat foil-like nature of the membrane facilitate the mass production of a low-coast compact dehumidification device

None

2010-09-01

209

TACTILH SENSIBILITY IN THE HUMAN HAND: RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE DENSITIES OF FOUR TYPES OF MECHANORECEPTIVE UNITS IN GLABROUS SKIN  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY 1. Single unit impulses were recorded with percutaneously inserted tungsten needle electrodes from the median nerve in conscious human subjects. 2. A sample of 334 low threshold mechanoreceptive units innervating the glabrous skin area of the hand were studied. In accordance with earlier investigations, the units were separated into four groups on the basis of their adaptation and receptive

R. S. JOHANSSON; A. B. VALLBO

210

Synthesis of soluble rare-earth metal bisphthalocyanines and their Langmuir–Blodgett films for gas sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present work, the synthesis of octa-4-(2,4-di-tert-pentylphenoxyl)-substituted rare-earth bisphthalocyanine with Sm, Er and Nd as central metal atom, respectively, is described. These compounds have improved solubility in organic solvents, and can form homogenous and relatively stable films at the air\\/water interface. The Langmuir film can be transferred by vertical dipping onto substrates with Z-type configuration. In Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) films,

Bingjie Liang; Chunwei Yuan; Yu Wei; Yin Zhang; Dapeng Jiang; Shaogong Zhang; Ande Lu

1997-01-01

211

Study of Cultural and Biochemical Characteristics of Bacilli of the Type 'Hemophilus Hemolyticus Vaginalis': Their Sensibility to Antibiotics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work shows us that the small Gram-negative bacilli frequently found in vaginal smears and capable of causing leucorrhea formerly considered non specific, are bacilli of the genre Hemophilus. They are glucidophilic and possess hemolytic properties more...

A. Lutz O. Grootten T. Wurch

1968-01-01

212

A Good Catholic is Hard to Find: Roamin' Catholic Sensibility in Toole, McCarthy, and DeLillo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of Catholic American literature have preferred analyses of authors whose work demonstrates a reverence to the faith they openly acknowledged. However, with the exception of Paul Giles’s American Catholic Arts and Fictions, most studies have ignored the Catholic influence in works of nonpracticing Catholics. This neglect limits the scope and undermines the complexity of Catholic American fiction to works

Peter Christopher Kunze

2008-01-01

213

You see me, but do you hear me? The science and sensibility of trans-species dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

Talking with animals comes naturally and happens the world over. Traditional indigenous peoples depend on their abilities to understand the birds, grazers, and hunters who share their land and waters and we converse intimately with the dogs, cats, birds, and other animals with whom we live. Nonetheless, science and society cast a skeptical eye on claims that animals think and

GA Bradshaw

2010-01-01

214

Eine sensible Komplementbindungsreaktion (KBR) zum Nachweis des Au\\/SH-Antigens und ihr Vergleich mit dem Agargeltest und der Gegenstromelektrophorese  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Some parameters of Au\\/SH antigen micro CFT were investigated: dependance of maximum titer on complement dosis, incubation time and temperature; kinetics of the complement fixing antigen-antibody-reaction at +4°C; characterisation of the antigen-antibody-reaction in the two-dimensional CFT on the basis of the 50% hemolysis (isofixation curves); comparison of antigens of different concentration by means of the isofixation technique. The highest

J.-F. Kapp; P. G. Höher; E. Kuwert; O. Thraenhart; D. Paar; W. Hengstebeck; H.-J. Roggenbach

1971-01-01

215

The Impact of Anthropogenic Land-Cover Change on the Florida Peninsula Sea Breezes and Warm Season Sensible Weather  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the twentieth century, the natural landscape of the Florida peninsula was transformed extensively by agriculture, urbanization, and the diversion of surface water features. The purpose of this paper is to present a numerical modeling study in which the possible impacts of this transformation on the warm season climate of the region were investigated. For three separate July-August periods (1973,

Curtis H. Marshall; ROGER A. PIELKE SR; Louis T. Steyaert; Debra A. Willard

2004-01-01

216

Ethics in the Societal Debate on Genetically Modified Organisms: A (Re)Quest for Sense and Sensibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Via a historical reconstruction, this paper primarily demonstrates how the societal debate on genetically modified organisms\\u000a (GMOs) gradually extended in terms of actors involved and concerns reflected. It is argued that the implementation of recombinant\\u000a DNA technology out of the laboratory and into civil society entailed a “complex of concerns.” In this complex, distinctions\\u000a between environmental, agricultural, socio-economic, and ethical

Yann Devos; Pieter Maeseele; Dirk Reheul; Linda Van Speybroeck; Danny De Waele

2008-01-01

217

Nature, daylight and sound: A sensible environment for the families, staff and patients of neonatal intensive care units  

Microsoft Academic Search

In healthcare environments, elements like nature, daylight and sound have been found to significantly influence the healing process of patients, by enhancing the quality of their recovery, shortening their hospital stay and consequently reducing hospital costs. For instance, it has been shown that exposure to nature triggers positive responses in people, daylight affects human psychology, and different sounds have varying

Ana Praskach

2009-01-01

218

An assessment of the latent and sensible heat flux on the simulated regional climate over Southwestern South Atlantic Ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Regional Climate Model (RegCM3) 10-year (1990–1999) simulation over southwestern South Atlantic Ocean (SAO) is evaluated\\u000a to assess the mean climatology and the simulation errors of turbulent fluxes over the sea. Moreover, the relationship between\\u000a these fluxes and the rainfall over some cyclogenetic areas is also analyzed. The RegCM3 results are validated using some reanalyses\\u000a datasets (ERA40, R2, GPCP and

Michelle Simões Reboita; Rosmeri Porfírio da Rocha; Tércio Ambrizzi; Ernesto Caetano

2010-01-01

219

Diurnal and vertical variability of the sensible heat and carbon dioxide budgets in the atmospheric surface layer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diurnal and vertical variability of heat and carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmospheric surface layer are studied by analyzing measurements from a 213 m tower in Cabauw (Netherlands). Observations of thermodynamic variables and CO2 mixing ratio as well as vertical profiles of the turbulent fluxes are used to retrieve the contribution of the budget terms in the scalar conservation equation. On the basis of the daytime evolution of turbulent fluxes, we calculate the budget terms by assuming that turbulent fluxes follow a linear profile with height. This assumption is carefully tested and the deviation from linearity is quantified. The budget calculation allows us to assess the importance of advection of heat and CO2 during day hours for three selected days. It is found that, under nonadvective conditions, the diurnal variability of temperature and CO2 is well reproduced from the flux divergence measurements. Consequently, the vertical transport due to the turbulent flux plays a major role in the daytime evolution of both scalars and the advection is a relatively small contribution. During the analyzed days with a strong contribution of advection of either heat or carbon dioxide, the flux divergence is still an important contribution to the budget. For heat, the quantification of the advection contribution is in close agreement with results from a numerical model. For carbon dioxide, we qualitatively corroborate the results with a Lagrangian transport model. Our estimation of advection is compared with traditional estimations based on the Net Ecosystem-atmosphere Exchange (NEE).

Casso-Torralba, Pau; Vilã-Guerau de Arellano, Jordi; Bosveld, Fred; Soler, Maria Rosa; Vermeulen, Alex; Werner, Cindy; Moors, Eddy

2008-06-01

220

Timolol maleate release from pH-sensible poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) hydrogels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multifunctional polymeric materials were obtained from poly(methacrylic acid-co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), to be used as a raw material in the manufacture of contact lens and as drug delivery systems. Poly(methacrylic acid-co-2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) was prepared by free-radical polymerization in aqueous solution at 60 °C using potassium persulfate (KPS) as initiator and N,N?-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS) as cross-linker agent. The dynamic and equilibrium swelling properties of

D. M Garc??a; J. L Escobar; Y Noa; N Bada; E Hernáez; I Katime

2004-01-01

221

Latent and sensible load distributions in conventional and energy-efficient residences. Final report, January 1983-January 1986  

SciTech Connect

The effects of moisture adsorption and desorption in residential buildings is studied in detail. Energy-conserving and conventional residences are examined, and building loads are disaggregrated into their thermal moisture and source components. The report covers significant new analytical and experimental work. A detailed building-moisture-analysis technique is developed to be incorporated into the NBS building analysis program TARP. The model is validated against field and laboratory data with good results.

Fairey, P.; Kerestecioglu, A.; Vieira, R.; Swami, M.; Chandra, S.

1986-05-01

222

Physical and moral regeneration after the Terror: medical culture, sensibility and family politics in France, 1794–1804  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical and moral regeneration was one of the great aspirations of the French Revolution. Revolutionaries fashioned new cultural practices to emphasize collective rebirth and the individual citizen’s own break with a degenerate past. Often associated with radical politics, this article emphasizes regeneration’s conservative manifestations after the Reign of Terror and the Thermidorean reaction of 1794. Against the backdrop of revolutionary

Sean Quinlan

2004-01-01

223

Consecuencias de la ruptura de mutualismos planta-animal para la distribución de especies vegetales en las Islas Baleares Consequences of the disruption of plant-animal mutualisms for the distribution of plant species in the Balearic Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The alteration of a habitat such as that caused by the introduction of exotic animal species that displace the native ones, reducing their populations or leading them to extinction, can result in the disruption of species interactions which may have evolved during millions of years. The insular ecosystems are especially vulnerable to such disturbances, as they are usually less complex

ANNA TRAVESET

224

Uso y mejoramiento del analisis por activacion neutronica (metodo absoluto) para el estudio del contenido de nitrogeno en muestras vegetales. (Use and improvement of neutron activation analysis (absolute method) for the study of the nitrogen content in vegetal samples).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The experimental procedure which permit the evaluation of the contribution to the neutron flux originated by neutrons with energy lower than 14 MeV during the application of the absolute method when the irradiation geometry ca not be considered as an scat...

R. L. Soto Moran S. Szegedi J. L. Llopiz

1996-01-01

225

FTIR spectroscopy combined with chemometrics for analysis of lard adulteration in some vegetable oils Espectroscopia FTIR combinada con quimiometría para el análisis de adulteración con grasa de cerdo de aceites vegetales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was aimed to develop a fast technique of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy for detection and quantification of lard adulteration in some vegetable oils, namely canola oil (Ca?O), corn oil (CO), extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), soybean oil (SO), and sunflower oil (SFO). The FTIR spectra associated with Ca?O, CO, EVOO, SO, and SFO as well as their

A. Rohman; Yaakob B. Che Man; P. Hashim; A. Ismail

2011-01-01

226

Spectra of the Temperature and Humidity Fluctuations and of the Fluxes of Moisture and Sensible Heat in the Marine Boundary Layer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Temperature and humidity fluctuation data were collected on the R\\/V Flip during BOMEK (Barbados Oceanographic and Meteorological Experiment) in May 1969 and during a pre-BOMEX trial cruise near San Diego in February 1969. The program was a cooperative one with a number of groups on board. In a companion paper with the personnel from the University of British Columbia, the

G. T. Phelps; S. Pond

1971-01-01

227

Restoration of sensibility in irreparable ulnar and median nerve lesions with use of sensory nerve transfer: Long-term follow-up of 20 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prospective study was conducted to evaluate patient outcomes following sensory nerve transfer. Twenty patients with irreparable ulnar or median nerve lesions underwent the procedure. Nerve involvement was bilateral in 5 cases. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 29 years. The mean paralysis time and the average length of follow-up were 59 and 78

Türker Özkan; Ka?an Özer; Ayan Gülgönen

2001-01-01

228

Making Sense Sensibly in Crisis Communication: How Publics’ Crisis Appraisals Influence Their Negative Emotions, Coping Strategy Preferences, and Crisis Response Acceptance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of affect in persuasion and strategic communication decision making, there is a lack of a systematic and integrated approach to understanding how discrete emotions publics experience in crises and their behavioral tendencies are associated with their cognitive appraisals. A 2 (predictability: high and low) × 2 (controllability: high and low) between-subjects experiment using a random general public

Yan Jin

2010-01-01

229

Simulated and observed fluxes of sensible and latent heat and CO2 at the WLEF-TV tower using SiB2.5  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three years of meteorological data collected at the WLEF-TV tower were used to drive a revised version of the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB 2.5). Physiological properties and vegetation phenology were specified from satellite imagery. Simulated fluxes of heat, moisture and carbon were compared to eddy covariance measurements taken onsite as a means of evaluating model performance on diurnal, synoptic, seasonal,

Ian Baker; A. Scott Denning; Niall Hanan; Lara Prihodko; Marek Uliasz; Pier-Luigi Vidale; Kenneth Davis; Peter Bakwin

2003-01-01

230

"Help Wanted, Inquire Within": Estimation. Activities and Thoughts That Emphasize Dealing Sensibly with Numbers through the Processes of Estimation. (Grades 1-6). Title I Elementary Mathematics Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed for elementary teachers, this activity unit is designed to teach students the importance of estimation in developing quantitative thinking. Nine ways in which estimation is useful to students are listed, and five general guidelines are offered to the teacher for planning estimation activities. Specific guidelines are provided for…

Gronert, Joie; Marshall, Sally

231

GP73, a resident Golgi glycoprotein, is sensibility and specificity for hepatocellular carcinoma of diagnosis in a hepatitis B-endemic Asian population.  

PubMed

Golgi protein-73 (GP73) is a newly identified candidate serum marker for HCC, but GP73 study now is lesser in Asian population. The aims of this study were to determine how GP73 is detected in the serum of healthy, hepatitis B, cirrhosis and HCC by western blotting and RT-PCR, and to establish the sensitivity and specificity of serum GP73 protein and RNA for diagnosing HCC. Serum GP73 was detected by western blotting and RT-PCR, and quantified by densitometric analysis. GP73 was measured in serum from 124 patients with various forms of liver. AFP was tested using commercially available electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The median sGP73 in patients with HBV-related HCC was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than in healthy individuals and in patients with other diseases. When sGP73 protein was used to detect HBV-related HCC, it had a sensitivity of 77.4% and a specificity of 83.9%, at the optimal cut-off value of 7.4 relative units. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.89. GP73 RNA in patients with HBV-related HCC had a sensitivity of 87.1% and a specificity of 83.9% and AUROC of 0.92. AFP in patients with HCC had a sensitivity of 48.4% and a specificity of 96.8% and AUROC of 0.77. GP73 protein and RNA can be found in the serum of patients with HBV-related HCC obviously higher than of other liver diseases in Asian. GP73 was better than AFP for the diagnosis of HBV-related HCC. RT-PCR is a more sensitive and superior method of quantification than Western blot. Furthermore, our data need to be confirmed in larger cohorts of patients. PMID:19399652

Hu, Jin-song; Wu, De-wu; Liang, Shuo; Miao, Xiong-yin

2009-04-28

232

Sensibility of Isomeric Ratios and Excitation Functions to Statistical Model Parameters for the (4,6,8HE, N, 3N)-REACTIONS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The calculations of the isomeric ratios ?m/?g and excitation functions for the reactions 109Ag(?, 3n)110 mgIn, 107Ag(6,4He, n, 3n)110mgIn and 128, 130Te(8,6He, 3n, n) 133mgXe in the framework of the statistical theory of nuclear reactions were performed. The model of Hauser-Feshbach, the exciton Griffin model and the recently developed statistical model code EMPIRE-2.181 with full angular momentum coupling were used. For the reactions induced by ?-particles we used the Gilbert-Cameron level densities and the Multi-Step Compound approach. The fusion cross sections of the reactions induced by 6,8He projectiles were calculated in terms of the simplified coupled channels method (CCFUS code). The new results of the calculations ICSR for the reactions 130Te(4He,n)133mgXe (1) and 128Te(6He,n)133mgXe (2) on the statistical code EMPIRE-18 are shown in the Table 1. The results for the reactions 128Te(8He,3n)133mgXe (3) and 130Te(6He,3n)-133mgXe (4) are shown in Table 2. The results are in a good agreement with the experimental data for ?-particles induced reactions obtained 2 at Moscow State University (INP)... Note from Publisher: This article contains the abstract and references only.

Chuvilskaya, T. V.; Shirokova, A. A.; Herman, M.

2004-09-01

233

S.674, The Sensible Advertising and Family Education Act. Hearing before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Congressional hearing discusses legislation that would require health warnings to be included in advertisements of alcoholic beverages. Opening statements are included from Senators Hollings, Burns, Danforth, Thurmond, and Simon, and from Representative Kennedy. Testimony is included from two panels of witnesses, whose members include: (1)…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation.

234

Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes and Temperature Gradients Deduced from Sonic Anemometer/Thermometer and Radiometric Data Obtained During the Sixth EEC Campaign at Fos - France.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A three-dimensional ultrasonic anemometer/thermometer and radiometers were installed at a distance of 1 km from the Berre pond shore during the 6th European Air Pollution Measuring Campaign near Fos, France, in June 1983. Twenty seconds and thirty minutes...

S. Cieslik H. Hasenjaeger

1985-01-01

235

Sensibility Analysis of the Effect of Various Key Parameters on Fission Product Concentration Mass Number 127 to 132 and Xe - 133 M).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analytical sensitivity analysis has been made of the effect' of various parameters on the evaluation of fission product concentration. Such parameters include cross sections, decay constants, branching ratios, fission yields, flux and time. The formula...

A. Sola

1978-01-01

236

Female rats show an increased sensibility to the forced swim test depressive-like stimulus in the hippocampus and frontal cortex 5HT 1A receptors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affective disorders are more common in women. The forced swim test acts like a depressive stimulus. Hippocampus and frontal cortex 5-HT1A receptors of female and male Wistar rats subjected to the forced swim test were compared with a sham group. The forced swim test diminishes (P<0.05) the hippocampus 3H-8OH-DPAT bound in the female rats (184±16 fmol\\/mg protein) with respect to

Inmaculada Bellido; A Gomez-Luque; P Garcia-Carrera; F Rius; F. Sanchez de la Cuesta

2003-01-01

237

A verification of some methods to determine the fluxes of momentum, sensible heat, and water vapour using standard deviation and structure parameter of scalar meteorological quantities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of micro-meteorological data collected over a horizontal, uniform terrain (the plain of La Crau, France) in June 1987 is analysed. Conditions were predominantly sunny and arid, while due to the “Mistral” the wind speed could exceed 10 m\\/s. Verification of several methods to evaluate surface fluxes of heat, momentum and water vapour from the standard deviation of temperature,

H. A. R. DE BRUIN; W. Kohsiek

1993-01-01

238

Cancer épithélial de l’ovaire avancé : une nouvelle chimiothérapie disponible chez les patientes en rechute sensible. Un changement de paradigme ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Abstract  Advanced ovarian cancer is such a serious condition that any new treatment is noteworthy. The responsiveness to alternative\\u000a chemotherapy of a relapse is classified in comparison with sensitivity to platinum salts. In the event of a relapse with sensitivity,\\u000a the classical policy is to resume first-line treatment, which presents a problemof safety in the long term. Some results from\\u000a recent

E. Pujade-Lauraine; J. Chidiac; J. Alexandre

2010-01-01

239

Eddy covariance measurements of CO2 and sensible and latent heat fluxes during a full year in a boreal pine forest trunk-space  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eddy covariance method was used to determine turbulent heat fluxes and CO2 flux below a boreal Scots pine canopy 3 m above the forest floor. Data were filtered using standard deviation of the vertical velocity as a measure of the turbulent mixing in the trunk space along with the non-stationary criterion. The turbulent transfer in the trunk space was

Samuli Launiainen; Janne Rinne; Jukka Pumpanen; Liisa Kulmala; Pasi Kolari; Petri Keronen; Erkki Siivola; Toivo Pohja; Pertti Hari; Timo Vesala

240

Early exposure to caffeine affects gene expression of adenosine receptors, DARPP-32 and BDNF without affecting sensibility and morphology of developing zebrafish ( Danio rerio)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adenosine receptors are the most important biochemical targets of caffeine, a common trimethylxanthine found in food and beverages. Adenosine plays modulatory action during the development through adenosine receptors and their intracellular pathways activation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate if caffeine gave to zebrafish in the very first steps of development is able to affect its direct targets, through

Katiucia Marques Capiotti; Fabiano Peres Menezes; Luiza Reali Nazario; Julhana Bianchini Pohlmann; Giovanna M. T. de Oliveira; Lidiane Fazenda; Maurício Reis Bogo; Carla Denise Bonan; Rosane Souza Da Silva

241

"Help Wanted, Inquire Within": Estimation. Activities and Thoughts That Emphasize Dealing Sensibly with Numbers through the Processes of Estimation. (Grades 1-6). Title I Elementary Mathematics Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for elementary teachers, this activity unit is designed to teach students the importance of estimation in developing quantitative thinking. Nine ways in which estimation is useful to students are listed, and five general guidelines are offered to the teacher for planning estimation activities. Specific guidelines are provided for…

Gronert, Joie; Marshall, Sally

242

Spatiotemporal variations in growing season exchanges of CO2, H2O,and sensible heat in agricultural fields of the Southern GreatPlains  

SciTech Connect

Climate, vegetation cover, and management create fine-scaleheterogeneity in unirrigated agricultural regions, with important but notwell-quantified consequences for spatial and temporal variations insurface CO2, water, and heat fluxes. We measured eddy covariance fluxesin seven agricultural fields--comprising winter wheat, pasture, andsorghum--in the U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP) during the 2001-2003growing seasons. Land-cover was the dominant source of variation insurface fluxes, with 50-100 percent differences between fields planted inwinter-spring versus fields planted in summer. Interannual variation wasdriven mainly by precipitation, which varied more than two-fold betweenyears. Peak aboveground biomass and growing-season net ecosystem exchange(NEE) of CO2 increased in rough proportion to precipitation. Based on apartitioning of gross fluxes with a regression model, ecosystemrespiration increased linearly with gross primary production, but with anoffset that increased near the time of seed production. Because theregression model was designed for well-watered periods, it successfullyretrieved NEE and ecosystem parameters during the peak growing season,and identified periods of moisture limitation during the summer. Insummary, the effects of crop type, land management, and water limitationon carbon, water, and energy fluxes were large. Capturing the controllingfactors in landscape scale models will be necessary to estimate theecological feedbacks to climate and other environmental impactsassociated with changing human needs for agricultural production of food,fiber, and energy.

Fischer, Marc L.; Billesbach, David P.; Berry, Joseph A.; Riley,William J.; Torn, Margaret S.

2007-06-13

243

Obtención de una fracción crotálida con actividad hemoaglutinante y evaluación in vivo e in vitro del probable daño a tejidos Purification of a hemagglutinant fraction from crotalid venom: in vitro and in vivo evaluation of cell damage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some crotalid venoms have a hemagglutinant fraction with affinity to cell receptors. This can be used as an antiviral agent that blocks adsorption of the virus in the cell membrane. One of these fractions was isolated and its innocuity compared to the effect of complete venoms. A. piscivorus, A. contortix and C. scutulatus venoms were tested, with the first exhibiting

Arcelia Alvarado Islas; Octavio de Paz Villafána; Yolanda León Campos; Álvaro Aguilar Setién

244

Transdiferenciación de células mesenquimales del tejido adiposo: hacia una terapia celular para enfermedades degenerativas de la retina Transdifferentation of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue: Through a cellular therapy for degenerative retinal diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To obtain adult mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue to be used in cellular therapies aimed to retinal regeneration. Material and Methods: isolation of adult mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue of green fluorescent pro- tein transgenic mice. Recipient mouse eyes were transplanted with these cells by using intravitreal and subreti- nal procedures. We have used a mice model

Marcos S; Jaén A; González D; Andreu S; Avilés M; Fernández E

245

Sensibilità e specificità degli anticorpi anti-? ?2-glicoproteina I per l'impegno ostetrico della sindrome da anticorpi antifosfolipidi Sensibility and specificity for pregnancy morbidity of anti-? ?2-glycoprotein I antibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the anti-?2-glycoprotein I antibodies for preg- nancy morbidity in the antiphosoplipid syndrome (APS). Methods: 335 women were recruited and on the basis of their clinical features were subdivided into 2 groups homoge- nous for number and age. The first (study) group contained the women whose pregnancy complications satisfied

M. Tonello; A. Ruffatti; M. Favaro; T. Del Ross; D. Zamboni; P. Grypiotis; A. Cavazzana; M. Ciprian; S. Todesco

246

Infectividad de Metarhizium anisopliae en contra de cepas de garrapata Boophilus microplus sensible y resistente a los organofosforados Infectivity of Metarhizium anisopliae to susceptible and organophosphate-resistant Boophilus microplus strains  

Microsoft Academic Search

The infectivity of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) was tested against one organophosphate (OP)-resistant and one susceptible Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) strains, by an in vitro assay with engorged B. microplus adult females recently detached from cattle, using the ECS1 strain of M. anisopliae. M. anisopliae micromycete showed to be highly infective against both the susceptible and the OP-resistant strains

Manuel Fernández-Ruvalcaba; Elyes Zhioua; Zeferino García-Vázquez

247

Direct near-surface measurements of sensible heat fluxes in the Arctic tundra applying eddy covariance and laser scintillometry—the Arctic Turbulence Experiment 2006 on Svalbard (ARCTEX-2006)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent climate warming in the Arctic requires improvements in permafrost and carbon cycle monitoring, accomplished here by\\u000a setting up long-term observation sites with high-quality in situ measurements of turbulent atmospheric energy fluxes applying\\u000a the eddy covariance method and\\/or laser scintillometry in Arctic landscapes. Accurate quantification and well-adapted parameterizations\\u000a of turbulent energy fluxes, e.g., during neutral to stable stratified conditions, are

J. Lüers; J. Bareiss

2011-01-01

248

Contribuicao ao estudo dos mecanismos de reparacao em Staphylococcus epidermidis: caracterizacao de mutantes sensiveis as radiacoes ultravioleta. (Contribution to the safety of repairing mechanisms in Staphylococcus epidermidis: characterization of mutants sensible to ultraviolet radiation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mutants obtained from N - methyl -N' - nitro - N - nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) treatment of the W(sub 5) strain or Staphylococcus epidermidis and selected for their increased UV - sensitivity were characterized according to their capacity to repair DNA damage...

H. C. Rocha Guillobel

1985-01-01

249

Closed Brayton cycle advanced central receiver solar-electric power system. Volume III. Development plan for a commercial-scale closed Brayton cycle Advanced Central Receiver Power Plant with coupled sensible heat storage. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A development plan is presented to advance the closed Brayton cycle, storage-coupled, Advanced Central Receiver Power Plant conceptual design to an initial commercial-scale operational plant in 1985. The plan describes the development approach utilized, the major program elements in the development path, and the technology items which must be improved and\\/or verified. The plan covers three sequential program phases. Phase

Halvorson

1978-01-01

250

El cáncer según su ubicación en el cuerpo: Endocrino y neuroendocrino  

Cancer.gov

Lista de los tipos de cáncer que se forman en los tejidos neuroendocrinos y tejidos del cuerpo que secretan hormonas. Esta página contiene enlaces e información sobre tratamiento, estudios clínicos y otros temas.

251

Comparisons in Soft-Tissue Thicknesses on the Human Face in Fresh and Embalmed Corpses Using Needle Puncture Method Comparación en el Grosor del Tejido Blando de la Cara, con el Método de Punción con Aguja, en Cadáveres Frescos y Conservados  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: The aim of the present study is to analyze the differences in the soft facial tissue thicknesses measured in corpses without fixing, with recent death, and in embalmed corpses. 30 male human corpses were used; they were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of a conservation method. Fifteen bodies, without any method of conservation, with

Iván Claudio; Suazo Galdames; Mario Cantín López; Daniela Alejandra; Zavando Matamala; Francisco Javier Perez Rojas; Sebastián René; Torres Muñoz

252

Sensitive Topics - Sensitive Questions: Overview of the Sociological Research Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thèmes sensibles - Qnestions sensibles: Synthèee de la littérature de recherche. Tous les modes d'enquête de recherche par questionnaire -- face à face, papier et crayon, par téléphone, par ordinateur -- sont confrontés avec des problèmes associés avec le questionnement concernant des thèmes sensibles. Pour fournir une synthèse et une structure possible de la recherche sur des thèmes sensibles et

Karl M. van Meter

2000-01-01

253

Closed Brayton cycle advanced central receiver solar-electric power system. Volume II. Evaluation, selection, conceptual design, and assessment of a closed Brayton cycle advanced central receiver solar-electric power plant with coupled sensible heat storage. Final report, September 30, 1977November 30, 1978  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance and design requirements for one type of terrestrial solar thermal electric power system are described. Each of the system's major subsystems are analyzed in terms of concept and performance. The method of selecting the preferred commercial-scale system is described. The preferred commercial system conceptual design is described, and its technical and cost performance evaluated. Comments on the preferred

W. S. Davidson; C. E. Kercher; B. W. Knutson; A. E. Kofal; D. F. Plummer; J. H. Roberts; J. B. Schroeder; G. L. Vieth

1978-01-01

254

Closed Brayton cycle advanced central receiver solar-electric power system. Volume II supplement. Evaluation and assessment of a helium closed Brayton cycle for use in an advanced central receiver solar-electric power plant with coupled sensible heat storage. Final report for the period September 30, 1977November 30, 1977  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of helium as the working fluid for a closed Brayton cycle solar electric power plant is described. Subsystem impacts are evaluated, and a preferred plant size identified. The design characteristics of a 130 MWe helium-working-fluid plant are described. The performance of the plant is evaluated in terms of economics, limitations to development, and a possible development plan. Appendices

K. W. Halvorson; B. W. Knutson; A. E. Kofal; F. O. Mahony; D. F. Plummer; J. H. Roberts; G. L. Vieth

1979-01-01

255

Atividade antibacteriana de extrato de gervão frente cepas de Staphylococcus aureus oxacilina-sensíveis e oxacilina-resistentes isoladas de amostras biológicas* Antibacterial activity of gervão extract against Staphylococcus aureus oxacillin-sensible and oxacillin-resistant strains isolated from biological samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY - Gervão (Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl.), from Verbenaceae family, has been extensively used in the folk me- dicine in leishmanial lesions treatment. Leishmanial lesions usually come along with secondary bacterial infection. Nevertheless, its antibacterial effect has not been published. This work reports the antibacterial activity of gervão aerial parts collected in Buriticupu- MA. The hydroalcoholic extract was submitted to

Luiz Mário da Silva; Luzilene Sousa Rosas; Roberto Sigfrido; Gallegos Olea; Carneiro Gonçalves

256

Pentose monophosphate shunt dehydrogenases and fatty acid synthesis in late rat pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Se estudiaron las actividades de glucosa-6-fosfato dehidrogenasa y 6-fosfogluconato dehidrogenasa en hígado y tejido adiposo de ratas preñadas, al día 19 de gestación, alimentadas y en ayunas de 48 h, relacionando los resultados obtenidos con la velocidad de síntesis de ácidos grasos en el tejido adiposo de los mismos animales.

E. Herrera; R. H. Knopp

1972-01-01

257

Vistazo General de la FDA y el CBER  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Los productos biológicos tienden a ser sensibles al calor, y son increíblemente sensibles a la contaminación microbiana. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/internationalactivities

258

Recalage des Modeles de Batiment (Reanalysis of Structure Models).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study is to develop a software to optimize structural models and describe as accurately as possible real structures. A method, named sensibility method, which allows estimating the structure's dynamical behavior sensibility to changes i...

B. Supriyadi

1993-01-01

259

Refrigeration Requirements for Ice Cream Freezing1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The heat removed from an ice cream mix during freezing is a function of several variables with composition predominating. This investigation compared experimental calorimetric results with predicted refrig- eration requirements. The predictions were obtained by adding the contributions of sensible heat of mix above the initial freezing point, sensible heat of unfrozen mix portion, latent heat and sensible heat of

D. R. Heldman; T. I. Hedrick

1970-01-01

260

CONDICIONES METEOROLÓGICAS Y DINÁMICA VEGETAL DEL ECOSISTEMA COSTERO LOMAS DE ATIQUIPA (CARAVELÍ - AREQUIPA) EN EL SUR DEL PERÚ METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND VEGETAL DYNAMICS OF THE ATIQUIPA LOMAS (CARAVELÍ - AREQUIPA) COASTAL ECOSYSTEM IN THE SOUTH OF PERÚ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Los ecosistemas costeros de Lomas están constituidos por comunidades vegetales desarrollándose bajo influencia de neblinas invernales. Para explorar este enunciado se determinó la relación entre las condiciones meteorológicas y la dinámica vegetal en las Lomas de Atiquipa, cerros Barrera y Lagunillas (15º46' LS y 74º22' LO, a 800 msnm aprox) entre Febrero 2005 y Febrero 2006. En cada cerro

Diego A. Sotomayor Melo; Percy Jiménez Milón

261

Use of conventional taxonomy, electrophoretic karyotyping and DNA--DNA hybridization for the classification of fermentative apiculate yeasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

A taxonomic study was conducted that considered strains of the genera Hanseniaspora\\/Kloeckera held in the Industrial Yeasts Collection (DBVPG) of the Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale of the Universita' di Perugia, Italy. Standard phenotypic as well as molecular criteria were considered in a effort to revisit the classification of these strains, some of which have been in the collection for about

Ann Vaughan-Martini; Paola Angelini; Gianluigi Cardinali

2000-01-01

262

Cumplimiento y Calidad del Producto  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... de tejidos. En enero 31 de 2006, Biomedical Tissue Services, o “BTS”, recibió una orden de cesar la fabricación. El 18 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/internationalactivities

263

A Dynamic Systems View of the Transformational Process of Mirroring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic systems theories, such as complexity and nonlinear dynamic systems theories, provide increased flexibility in approaching psychological phenomena with a less rigid, more fluid sensibility. They provide us with process language that moves away from linear directionality in construing psychoanalytic action in favor of a sensibility of emergence. This paper situates the concept of mirroring within the realms of systems

Nancy VanDerHeide

2009-01-01

264

DISTRIBUTED SOFTWARE DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR HETEROGENEOUS COORDINATION IN CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL RESPONSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

During detection and response to a Chem-Bio incident, heterogeneous groups, who may not ordinarily interact, must form a team. A Sensible Agent is a type of software agent (a Distributed Artificial Intelligence component that uses sensing, reasoning, and acting capabilities to achieve a set of goals) with additional coordination capabilities. For the Chem-Bio terrorism domain, Sensible Agents can offer the

K. Suzanne Barber; Matthew T. MacMahon; Cheryl E. Martin

265

Numerical Evaluation of Heat Pulse Technology for Estimation of Evaporation Rates from a Subsurface Drying Front  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil water evaporation plays a crucial role for both the soil surface energy balance and the hydrologic cycle. Recently introduced heat pulse probes (HPP) allow in-situ measurements of subsurface soil water evaporation. The sensible heat component is calculated from soil heat flux densities measured at two depths and the change in sensible heat storage between these depths is measured by

M. Sakai; S. B. Jones; M. Tuller

2009-01-01

266

Gap filling strategies for long term energy flux data sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present a network of over 100 field sites are measuring carbon dioxide, water vapor and sensible heat fluxes between the biosphere and atmosphere, on a nearly continuous basis. Gaps in the long term measurements of evaporation and sensible heat flux must be filled before these data can be used for hydrological and meteorological applications. We adapted methods of gap

Eva Falge; Dennis Baldocchi; Richard Olson; Peter Anthoni; Marc Aubinet; Christian Bernhofer; George Burba; Reinhart Ceulemans; Robert Clement; Han Dolman; André Granier; Patrick Gross; Thomas Grünwald; David Hollinger; Niels-Otto Jensen; Gabriel Katul; Petri Keronen; Andrew Kowalski; Chun Ta Lai; Beverley E Law; Tilden Meyers; John Moncrieff; Eddy Moors; J William Munger; Kim Pilegaard; Üllar Rannik; Corinna Rebmann; Andrew Suyker; John Tenhunen; Kevin Tu; Shashi Verma; Timo Vesala; Kell Wilson; Steve Wofsy

2001-01-01

267

Evidence on the importance of diabatic heating as a divergence factor in the Mediterranean  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of diabatic heating in the Mediterranean is emphasized. Based upon a simple dynamic theory, a formula is derived for a rough estimation of divergence production due to sensible heat flux. Divergence amounts, comparable to those due to rather strong synoptic systems, can be produced by sensible heat flux in some extreme but not rare cases. On the other

D. A. Metaxas

1978-01-01

268

Visit a Farm? Surely Not!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Popular myth has it that visiting a farm can be dangerous, but there are only a few occasions when children have become ill during a school visit to a farm. Simple, sensible precautions, including wearing appropriate clothing, such as trousers and wellington boots (if wet) or sensible shoes, and careful hand-washing, are all that is required. The…

Graham, Bill

2012-01-01

269

Research on energy storage for solar thermal conversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal energy storage (TES) for solar thermal energy conversion to electric power was studied. Major emphasis was placed on determining the relative merits of latent, sensible, and hybrid latent-sensible storage systems. The thermal energy storage systems evaluated are compatible with 10 MW and 100 MW steam power plants with TES delivery temperature ranges of 400 to 600 F and 900

J. L. Clayton

1978-01-01

270

Research on energy storage for solar thermal conversion. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal energy storage (TES) for solar thermal energy conversion to electric power was studied. Major emphasis was placed on determining the relative merits of latent, sensible, and hybrid latent-sensible storage systems. The thermal energy storage systems evaluated are compatible with 10 MW and 100 MW steam power plants with TES delivery temperature ranges of 400 to 600 F and 900

1978-01-01

271

Steam traps; A vital link to energy control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two types of heat are present in steam - sensible and latent. Sensible heat is heat that can be sensed with a thermometer. Latent heat cannot be sensed, but it is still present and is given off when steam condenses. A steam trap stops or traps the steam until it gives up its latent heat and condenses. The steam trap

Giovanetto

1991-01-01

272

Ethics and the criminal justice curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, it is argued that ethics is not only a valuable addition to a criminal justice curriculum, but also essential for undergraduate or graduate degrees. If a university education is designed to aid students in becoming professionals, one should develop a moral sensibility as well as accumulating knowledge and acquiring skills in reasoning, analysis, and communication. This sensibility

Joycelyn M. Pollock

1993-01-01

273

Christianity and punitive mentalities: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to David Garland (1990) scholars should be concerned about the cultural foundations of punishment in modern western society, such as religion. To this end, Garland conceptualizes punitive mentalities and sensibilities that provide the cultural support for structural systems ofpunishment. Punitive mentalities are ways of thinking about punishment, whereas punitive sensibilities are ways of feeling about punishment. Garlandsuggests that religious

Kimberly J. Cook

2003-01-01

274

Some evaluations of drag and bulk transfer coefficients over water bodies of different sizes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three recent experiments allow evaluation of the bulk transfer coefficients for momentum, water vapour and sensible heat over water bodies of different sizes. As part of a study of evaporation rates from a swamp, measurements of latent and sensible heat fluxes were made over Lake Wyangan in southern N.S.W., Australia. This lake is of several kilometers diameter. In a later

B. B. Hicks

1972-01-01

275

Review of thermal storage materials from the view point of solar energy application  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thermal energy storage and chemical storage of solar energy are reviewed for evaluating the feasibility of its practical utilization in the solar energy devices for agricultural use. Sensible heat and latent heat storage media are considered for high and low thermal storage, and performances of sensible and latent heat materials are compared by investigating their heat capacities, melting points,

P. C. Pande; H. P. Garg

1979-01-01

276

Two Examples of Planetary Boundary Layer Modification Over the Great Lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft measurements of sensible and latent heat fluxes, surface and air temperature, mean wind and humidity were used to examine the boundary layer structure over the Great Lakes for two cases in late fall when the water was warmer than the air above. The sensible and latent vertical turbulent heat fluxes at the surface were in the range 5-10 mW

D. H. Lenschow

1973-01-01

277

Ordered Images: Cooking Reality in Cops  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a comparative content analysis of the reality-based television program Cops to illustrate changes and continuities influenced by official policy and other cultural indicators. Cops is seen to reflect contemporary changes in policing policy on the handling of incidents. Our analysis also reveals the perpetuation of a 'crime sensibility.' This crime sensibility is based on an image

Daniel O'Connor

2008-01-01

278

Advanced thermal energy storage concept definition study for solar Brayton power plants. Volume II. Thermal energy storage system sizing computer program, July 1December 31, 1976. [Thermal energy storage sizing model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the computer program used in conceptual studies of phase change and sensible heat thermal energy storage systems. The model assumes the phase change media is contained in a tube-in-bath configuration. The sensible heat medium is contained in high pressure tanks. The program has been used in conjunction with, but is not necessarily limited to, a high temperature,

Gintz

1976-01-01

279

Advanced thermal energy storage concept definition study for solar Brayton power plants. Volume II. Thermal energy storage system sizing computer program. Period covered: July 1, 1976December 31, 1976  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the computer program used in conceptual studies of phase change and sensible heat thermal energy storage systems. The model assumes the phase change media is contained in a tube-in-bath configuration. The sensible heat medium is contained in high pressure tanks. The program has been used in conjunction with, but is not necessarily limited to, a high temperature,

Gintz

1977-01-01

280

SIMULATION SOFTWARE TO DESCRIBE THE THERMAL ENVIRONMENT OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BASED ON DETAILED PHYSICAL MODELS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simulation software called THERB has been developed for the purpose of estimating the thermal environment of residential buildings. THERB can simulate dynamic fluctuation of temperature, humidity, sensible temperature such as PMV or SET* (Predicted Mean Vote or Standard Effective Temperature) and heating\\/cooling load by taking into account both the air temperature and the sensible temperature for multiple zone buildings.

Akihito Ozaki; Toshiyuki Watanabe; Shigeki Iwaoka; Shuho Takase

281

Evapotranspiration fluxes over mixed vegetation areas measured from large aperture scintillometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Routine measurement of spatially averaged surface fluxes of sensible heat (H) in river basins is now feasible. These fluxes, when combined with net radiation estimates, can be used to derive areally averaged actual evapotranspiration (ET). The scintillation method is shown to be promising method for estimating areally averaged sensible heat fluxes. The large aperture scintillometer (LAS) is an optical device

H. M. Hemakumara; Lalith Chandrapala; Arnold F. Moene

2003-01-01

283

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program facilities newsletter, May 2002.  

SciTech Connect

Eight eddy correlation (ECOR) flux measurement systems are now deployed throughout the ARM SGP CART site. These systems are used to determine the flux (flow) of sensible heat, the flux of latent heat, and air momentum just above cropland a few hundred feet upwind of the ECOR locations. Sensible heat is energy we feel as warmth. Latent heat is the energy that evaporated water vapor measured in the atmosphere. The ECOR systems actually measure wind velocity and temperature fluctuations, water vapor, and barometric pressure. The surface flux values for sensible heat, latent heat, and momentum are calculated from these measurements.

Holdridge, D. J.

2002-06-03

284

[Deaths in the center of life: reflections on curing and non-curing in Jesuit-Guarani missions (1609-75)].  

PubMed

The article investigates the impact of Western Christian concepts of disease and death on indigenous Guarani sensibility and their translation into social representations and practices in the Jesuit-Guarani missions of Paraguay's Jesuit Province during the seventeenth century. This research is based on a re-reading of the Cartas Anuas da Província Jesuítica do Paraguai, which encompass the 1609-75 period. The study seeks to ascertain how expressions of Guarani sensibility were appropriated by Jesuit discourse as part of the process of conversion to Christianity. It also accesses observable changes in Guarani sensibility as a result of this new mission reality. PMID:15700355

Deckmann Fleck, Eliane Cristina

285

Colera Morbus y cólera divina. Miedo a la muerte e imaginario religioso en Tucumán (Argentina) a fines del siglo XIX  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio analiza las actitudes y los discursos en torno a la muerte que se suscitaron en Tucumán (Argentina) en 1886-1887, como consecuencia de la epidemia de cólera que impactó en esa provincia. La experiencia de la muerte anónima, despersonalizada, y el caos que ocasionó la peste provocaron una alteración de las relaciones humanas desestructurando el tejido social. A partir

Cynthia Folquer

2010-01-01

286

Las Células Dendríticas y su Papel de Centinelas del Sistema Inmune  

Microsoft Academic Search

La historia natural de estas células se divide en dos: células inmaduras y células maduras. Las CDe inmadu- ras se encuentran distribuidas ampliamente en tejidos linfoides y no linfoides y con una tasa de recambio rela- tivamente rápida (vida media menos de dos días). Esta alta tasa de recambio está asociada a una de las carac- terísticas particulares de esta

Melitza Iglesias

287

Airbreathing Pulse Detonation Engine Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents performance results for pulse detonation engines (PDE) taking into account the effects of dissociation and recombination. The amount of sensible heat recovered through recombination in the PDE chamber and exhaust process was found to b...

L. A. Povinelli S. Yungster

2002-01-01

288

Advanced Desiccant Cooling System Development. Final Report, September 1982-June 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A gas-fueled cooling system based on the concept of desiccant dehumidification was developed. The system uses a solid desiccant to perform dehumidification. After removal of the moisture, the air is sensibly cooled by heat exchange and evaporative cooling...

B. Cohen M. Ross R. Arora J. Swanson P. Sarkisian

1990-01-01

289

Storage of Low Temperature Heat: Solar Energy Thermal Storage.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The major means available for thermal storage of solar energy are reviewed. The general conditions for heat storage are discussed. The various types of sensible and latent heat storage are covered. (ERA citation 03:008230)

G. Wettermark J. Kowalewska

1976-01-01

290

SURFACE HEAT FLUX DERIVED FROM SODAR AMPLITUDE AND FREQUENCY DATA: A COMPARISON  

EPA Science Inventory

Sensible heat flux measurements were made in an agricultural setting near Champaign, Illinois by using doppler sodar, eddy correlations and profile methods during convective conditions during an experimental study called VOICE, (Vertical Observations Involving Convective Exchange...

291

Dental Pulp Testing: A Review  

PubMed Central

Dental pulp testing is a useful and essential diagnostic aid in endodontics. Pulp sensibility tests include thermal and electric tests, which extrapolate pulp health from sensory response. Whilst pulp sensibility tests are the most commonly used in clinical practice, they are not without limitations and shortcomings. Pulp vitality tests attempt to examine the presence of pulp blood flow, as this is viewed as a better measure of true health than sensibility. Laser Doppler flowmetry and pulse oximetry are examples of vitality tests. Whilst the prospect is promising, there are still many practical issues that need to be addressed before vitality tests can replace sensibility tests as the standard clinical pulp diagnostic test. With all pulp tests, the results need to be carefully interpreted and closely scrutinised as false results can lead to misdiagnosis which can then lead to incorrect, inappropriate, or unnecessary treatment.

Chen, Eugene; Abbott, Paul V.

2009-01-01

292

Definition of the Mesoscale  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a working definition of mesoscale meteorology. The module briefly touches on many topics crucial to forecasting mesoscale weather phenomena, such as non-hydrostatic processes, the importance of terrain, NWP model resolution, and impact on sensible weather.

Spangler, Tim

1999-05-01

293

Possible Measurement Errors in Calibrated AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Visible and infrared meteorological satellite data are a primary source of global cloud observations. Such data are calibrated in order to provide its users with a method for converting from 'raw' measurements, called counts, to physically sensible measur...

R. P. d'Entremont T. J. Kleespies

1988-01-01

294

Mathematical model for infiltration heat recovery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Infiltration has traditionally been assumed to affect the energy load of a building by an amount equal to the product of the infiltration flow rate and the sensible enthalpy difference between inside and outside. However, laboratory and simulation researc...

C. R. Buchanan M. H. Sherman

2000-01-01

295

Introductory essay: Evolutionary science and the study of religion  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we introduce the general rationale behind the evolutionary cognitive science of religion, answer some sensible humanistic objections to it and defend the promise of a ‘consilient’ approach to advance the academic study of religion.

Edward Slingerland; Joseph Bulbulia

2011-01-01

296

29 CFR 1910.213 - Woodworking machinery requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS Machinery and Machine Guarding § 1910.213 Woodworking machinery requirements. (a) Machine construction general. (1) Each machine shall be so constructed as to be free from sensible...

2013-07-01

297

Report of the Defense Science Board/Defense Policy Board Task Force On Theater Missile Defense.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report highlights the progress that the Task Force found in TMD since the Gulf War, but also raises concerns about current deficiencies The Task Force addressed the problem of coping with uncertainties about the future threat Its sensible recommendati...

1996-01-01

298

Wet canopy evaporation from a Puerto Rican lower montane rain ...  

Treesearch

Source: Journal of Hydrology. ... E was also derived using the energy balance equation and the sensible heat flux measured by a sonic anemometer (Hs). ... The best agreement with the observed E was obtained when using the measured ga ...

299

Public Relations for Small Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses economically feasible and sensible methods of school-community relations for implementation in small schools; a multifaceted communication approach should be implemented which includes news releases, newsletters, advisory committees, and internal communication. (Author/LC)|

Seifert, Edward H.; Lott, Chester N.

1981-01-01

300

Force Health Protection: Nutrition and Exercise Resource Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is my great pleasure to present the first edition of 'Force Health Protection: Nutrition and Exercise Resource Manual .' Wellness and health promotion are high priority goals for the Navy. Maintaining personal fitness and sensible nutrition habits is e...

A. Singh P. A. Deuster T. L. Bennett

1999-01-01

301

Choice of Working Fluid and Operating Conditions for Energy Conversion with Geothermal Heat Sources.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of electric power generating cycles which can be used in conjunction with a low-temperature geothermal energy (sensible heat) source is presented. Investigators at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory have proposed a steam/isobutane dual cycle capable...

K. R. Landgraf K. I. Kudrnac R. Solares

1973-01-01

302

Exploring Common Ground in Liberal and Professional Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shared values of liberal and professional educators can form the basis for integrating liberal learning into professional education. Liberal education outcomes are identified: communication competence, critical thinking, contextual competence, aesthetic sensibility, professional identity, professional ethics, adaptive competence, leadership…

Stark, Joan S.; Lowther, Malcolm A.

1989-01-01

303

Economic Analysis of Mobile Pyrolysis for Northern New Mexico Forests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the interest of providing an economically sensible use for the copious small-diameter wood in Northern New Mexico, an economic study is performed focused on mobile pyrolysis. Mobile pyrolysis was selected for the study because transportation costs limi...

A. L. Brown C. D. Mowry P. D. Brady T. T. Borek

2011-01-01

304

To Sustain Life--Schools' Concepts of Adult Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many educators have pointed out that education has many higher and more intrinsically worthwhile aims than preparation for work. This concept is discussed in view of increased ecological sensibility that is altering the conventional concept of adult work. (LBH)|

Chanan, Gabriel

1976-01-01

305

Recent joint developments in cross-section uncertainty analysis at Los Alamos and EIR (Eidgenoessiches Institut fuer Reaktorforschung)  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses recent developments and future plans for the SENSIBL code (the successor to the SENSIT(6) and SENSIT-2D(7) codes), along with associated covariance data and cross section libraries. 34 refs. (DWL)

Davidson, J.W.; Dudziak, D.J.; Muir, D.W.; Stepanek, J.; Higgs, C.E.

1986-01-01

306

Generic Studies of Advanced Fluid Bed Air Heater Technology. Topical Report Number 2. Task 2. Circulating Fluid Bed Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Report presents the design and performance information for a circulating fluid bed (CFB) cogeneration plant. The CFB system conceptualized in this work utilizes the sensible heat from the circulating solids to indirectly heat compressed air, which is...

R. V. Garland D. G. Turek

1985-01-01

307

Interstellares HCN, HNC und HCO+ Stabilitaetsuntersuchungen mit den Akusto-Optischen Spektrometern (Interstellar HCN, HNC and HCO+: Stability Experiments with Acoustooptic Spectrometers).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Astronomical measurements realized with the KOSMA (Cologne Observatory for Submillimeter Astronomy) telescope are presented. The acoustooptic spectrometers were used as backends, and heterodyne-sensibility system was used as front-end in the frequency are...

A. Piciorgros

1988-01-01

308

78 FR 14629 - 10th Anniversary of the United States Department of Homeland Security  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...lasting partnerships with stakeholders at home and abroad, DHS has worked to streamline our legal immigration system, stem the tide of illegal immigration, and chart a course toward sensible reform. And in a decade marked by national...

2013-03-06

309

A two-source time-integrated model for estimating surface fluxes using thermal infrared remote sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an operational two-source (soil+vegetation) model for evaluating the surface energy balance given measurements of the time rate of change in radiometric surface temperature (TRAD) during the morning hours. This model consists of a two-source surface component describing the relation. between TRAD and sensible heat flux, coupled with a time-integrated component connecting surface sensible heating with planetary boundary layer

M. C. Anderson; J. M. Norman; G. R. Diak; W. P. Kustas; J. R. Mecikalski

1997-01-01

310

Research on energy storage for solar thermal conversion. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study is an evaluation of thermal energy storage (TES) for solar thermal energy conversion to electric power. Major emphasis has been placed on determining the relative merits of latent, sensible, and hybrid latent-sensible storage systems. The thermal energy storage systems evaluated are compatible with 10 MW\\/sub e\\/ and 100 MW\\/sub e\\/ steam power plants with TES delivery temperature ranges

J. L. Clayton; W. D. Moudy; F. D. Stooksberry

1978-01-01

311

Hybrid HVAC systems with chemical dehumidification for supermarket applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

HVAC systems in supermarkets must assure both thermal comfort for occupants and suitable climatic conditions for refrigerated cases, which operate better with low ambient relative humidity (40–45%).Since open display cases substantially reduce sensible load and moderately reduce latent load, ambient sensible\\/total heat load ratio is less than usual. Thus, if dehumidification is carried out with a traditional cooling coil, over-sizing

Alfonso Capozzoli; Pietro Mazzei; Francesco Minichiello; Daniele Palma

2006-01-01

312

Waste heat driven absorption refrigeration process and system  

DOEpatents

Absorption cycle refrigeration processes and systems are provided which are driven by the sensible waste heat available from industrial processes and other sources. Systems are disclosed which provide a chilled water output which can be used for comfort conditioning or the like which utilize heat from sensible waste heat sources at temperatures of less than 170.degree. F. Countercurrent flow equipment is also provided to increase the efficiency of the systems and increase the utilization of available heat.

Wilkinson, William H. (Columbus, OH)

1982-01-01

313

A Bulk Turbulent Air–Sea Flux Algorithm for High-Wind, Spray Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensible and latent heat can cross the air-sea interface by two routes: as interfacial fluxes controlled by molecular processes right at the interface, and as spray fluxes from the surface of sea spray droplets. Once the 10-m wind speed over the ocean reaches approximately 11-13 m s1, the spray sensible and latent heat fluxes become significant fractions (i.e., 10% or

Edgar L Andreas; P. Ola G. Persson; Jeffrey E. Hare

2008-01-01

314

Holograms in colored dichromate gelatin with natural colorant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The holographic properties of dichromate gelatin (DCG) doped with natural colorants, in order to change the absorbance spectrum profile, and increasing the material sensibility, obtaining a good photo sensibility in other spectral emission line laser as blue. We showed some basics studies referent possible mechanism to storage information with this doping, and reported results. We show a light description technique to obtain holograms with these colored materials, as some experimental results.

Páez-Trujillo, G.; Olivares-Pérez, A.; Garay-Hernández, M. P.; Fuentes-Tapia, I.; Ponce Lee, E. L.; Ruiz-Limón, B.

2007-03-01

315

Federico Delpino and the foundation of plant biology  

PubMed Central

In 1867, Federico Delpino, with his seminal work Pensieri sulla Biologia Vegetale (Thoughts on Plant Biology) established plant biology by defining it not in the broad general sense, namely as the science of living beings, but as a branch of natural science dedicated to the study of plant life in relation to the environment. Today, the figure and achievements of this outstanding plant scientist is almost unknown. In the following pages, I will concisely describe the main realizations of Federico Delpino and outline the significance of his work for modern plant science.

2010-01-01

316

Evapotranspiration under advective conditions.  

PubMed

Arid and semi-arid regions are heterogeneous landscapes in which irrigated fields are surrounded by arid areas. The advection of sensible heat flux from dry surfaces is a significant source of energy that has to be taken into consideration when evaluating the evaporation from crops growing in these areas. The basic requirement of most of the common methods for estimating evapotranspiration [Bowen ratio, aerodynamic and Penman-Monteith (PM) equation] is that the horizontal fluxes of sensible and latent heat are negligible when compared to the corresponding vertical fluxes. We carried out measurements above an irrigated tomato field in a desert area. Latent and sensible heat fluxes were measured using a four-level Bowen machine with aspirated psychrometers. Our results indicate that under advective conditions only measurements carried out in the lowest layer are satisfactory for the estimation of latent heat fluxes and that the use of the PM equation with an appropriately parameterized canopy resistance may be preferable. PMID:15647907

Figuerola, Patricia I; Berliner, Pedro R

2005-01-13

317

Sampling errors in the vertical fluxes of potential temperature and moisture measured by aircraft during FIFE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The First International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP) Field Experiment (FIFE) was carried out over a 15 × 15 km area in central Kansas [Sellers et al., this issue]. The site size was constrained by land use characteristics, topography, and, importantly, the ability to field a reasonable network of surface observations of plant physiology, soil moisture, and radiative characteristics as well as surface observations of meteorological observations, including vertical fluxes of sensible heat and moisture. As described by Kelly [this issue], aircraft flying within the atmospheric boundary layer over the FIFE site played an important role: they provided direct measurements of the vertical fluxes of sensible heat and moisture above the FIFE site. Potential temperature flux and sensible heat flux differ by the constant ?dcp, where ?d is the dry air density (which is nearly constant in the atmospheric boundary layer) and cp is the specific heat of dry air at constant pressure.

Grossman, Robert L.

1992-11-01

318

A Simple Model for the Afternoon and Early Evening Decay of Convective Turbulence Over Different Land Surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple model to study the decay of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the convective surface layer is presented. In this model, the TKE is dependent upon two terms, the turbulent dissipation rate and the surface buoyancy fluctuations. The time evolution of the surface sensible heat flux is modelled based on fitting functions of actual measurements from the LITFASS-2003 field campaign. These fitting functions carry an amplitude and a time scale. With this approach, the sensible heat flux can be estimated without having to solve the entire surface energy balance. The period of interest covers two characteristic transition sub-periods involved in the decay of convective boundary-layer turbulence. The first sub-period is the afternoon transition, when the sensible heat flux starts to decrease in response to the reduction in solar radiation. It is typically associated with a decay rate of TKE of approximately t -2 ( t is time following the start of the decay) after several convective eddy turnover times. The early evening transition is the second sub-period, typically just before sunset when the surface sensible heat flux becomes negative. This sub-period is characterized by an abrupt decay in TKE associated with the rapid collapse of turbulence. Overall, the results presented show a significant improvement of the modelled TKE decay when compared to the often applied assumption of a sensible heat flux decreasing instantaneously or with a very short forcing time scale. In addition, for atmospheric modelling studies, it is suggested that the afternoon and early evening decay of sensible heat flux be modelled as a complementary error function.

Nadeau, Daniel F.; Pardyjak, Eric R.; Higgins, Chad W.; Fernando, Harinda Joseph S.; Parlange, Marc B.

2011-11-01

319

Sensory substitution in prosthetics.  

PubMed

Use of arm and hand prostheses may be essential for many amputees to facilitate activities of daily life and interaction with society. A major drawback that reduces the use of prostheses, however, is the lack of sensibility. Current strategies for sensory feedback in commercially available prostheses are based on force and slip sensors in the mechanical hand for independent grasp control in an opening and closing function. Developing principles for providing conscious sensibility is discussed, including new techniques where hearing is used as substitution for sensation based on sense substitution. PMID:11599215

Lundborg, G; Rosén, B

2001-08-01

320

Feature Extraction on Brain Computer Interfaces using Discrete Dyadic Wavelet Transform: Preliminary Results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this work is to evaluate different feature extraction alternatives to detect the event related evoked potential signal on brain computer interfaces, trying to minimize the time employed and the classification error, in terms of sensibility and specificity of the method, looking for alternatives to coherent averaging. In this context the results obtained performing the feature extraction using discrete dyadic wavelet transform using different mother wavelets are presented. For the classification a single layer perceptron was used. The results obtained with and without the wavelet decomposition were compared; showing an improvement on the classification rate, the specificity and the sensibility for the feature vectors obtained using some mother wavelets.

Gareis, I.; Gentiletti, G.; Acevedo, R.; Rufiner, L.

2011-09-01

321

Process for vaporizing a liquid hydrocarbon fuel  

DOEpatents

The object of the invention is to provide a process for vaporizing liquid hydrocarbon fuels efficiently and without the formation of carbon residue on the apparatus used. The process includes simultaneously passing the liquid fuel and an inert hot gas downwardly through a plurality of vertically spaed apart regions of high surface area packing material. The liquid thinly coats the packing surface, and the sensible heat of the hot gas vaporizes this coating of liquid. Unvaporized liquid passing through one region of packing is uniformly redistributed over the top surface of the next region until all fuel has been vaporized using only the sensible heat of the hot gas stream.

Szydlowski, Donald F. (East Hartford, CT); Kuzminskas, Vaidotas (Glastonbury, CT); Bittner, Joseph E. (East Hartford, CT)

1981-01-01

322

The mindlessness of ostensibly thoughtful action: The role of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conducted 3 field experiments to test the hypothesis that complex social behavior that appears to be enacted mindfully instead may be performed without conscious attention to relevant semantics. 200 Ss in compliance paradigms received communications that either were or were not semantically sensible, were or were not structurally consistent with their previous experience, and did or did not request an

Ellen J. Langer; Arthur Blank; Benzion Chanowitz

1978-01-01

323

Les anticorps anti-peptides cycliques citrullinés (anti-CCP) : intérêt diagnostique et pronostique dans la polyarthrite rhumatoïde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto-immune disorder which diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological and biological criteria. Disease progression is characterized by appearance of bone erosions and progressive articular deformations which attenuate functional mobility. Only rheumatoid factor is actually considered as biological factor among recognized diagnostical criteria despite its weak sensibility and specificity rates. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibodies are directed toward

BIOLOGIE CLINIQUE; L. Tant; S. Steinfeld

324

Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia: No Relation between Sensory Disturbance and Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trigeminal nerve microvascular decompression (MVD) relieves the pain in a great majority of patients. However, there has been a debate regarding whether the pain-relieving effect is due to the decompression itself or a surgical trauma to the nerve. In 37 consecutive patients, the facial sensibility was quantitatively assessed and the function of other cranial nerves was investigated before and after

A. T. Bergenheim; P. Shamsgovara; P.-Å. Ridderheim

1997-01-01

325

Relation between sensory disturbance and outcome after retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The relation between postoperative sensory deterioration and surgical outcome in 54 patients treated by retrogasserian glycerol rhizotomy for trigeminal neuralgia was studied. The facial sensibility was assessed one day and three months postoperatively. Thresholds for perception and pain were determined quantitatively using transcutaneous electrical stimulation and clinically by light touch and pinprick tests. At a follow-up one year after

A. T. Bergenheim; M. I. Hariz; L. V. Laitinen; M. Olivecrona; L. Rabow

1991-01-01

326

Comparing Productivity Simulated with Inventory Data Using Different Modelling Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lime Stone National Park in Austria was established in 1997 to protect sensible lime stone soils from degradation due to heavy forest management. Since 1997 the management activities were successively reduced and standing volume and coarse woody debris (CWD) increased and degraded soils began to recover. One option to study the rehabilitation process towards natural virgin forest state is

M. Klopf; S. A. Pietsch; H. Hasenauer

2009-01-01

327

Monitoring and modeling growing season dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phenology, the study of recurring biological cycles and their connection to climate, is a growing field of global change research. Vegetation phenology exerts a strong control over carbon cycles, weather, and global radiation partitioning between sensible and latent heat fluxes. Phenological monitors of the timing and length of the growing season can also be used as barometers of vegetation responses

Michael Aaron White

1999-01-01

328

Critical Comedy: Satire, Absurdity and Ireland's Economic Crash  

Microsoft Academic Search

Satirical humour increasingly plays a part in the public sphere, particularly in anglophone countries, and quite remarkably so during Ireland's economic crash. While this satire is ostensibly and avowedly critical, irreverently satirising figures of authority and hegemonic discourses, it is argued that the consequences of critical comedy do not necessarily emancipate, but do inculcate critical sensibility and a world-image of

Tom Boland

2012-01-01

329

Swelling soils monitoring through PSI and DINSAR interferometry : Applications on eastern Paris surroundings (France)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swelling soils may induce small surface displacements under various climatic conditions, that may affect individual buildings. The aim of this work, funded by MAIF foundation (Insurance foundation), is to monitor those small seasonal-dependant displacements through DINSAR and persistent scatterer interferometric methods. The eastern paris basin is locally composed of outcropping Marne de Pantin and Argiles Vertes particularily sensible to swelling

F. Kaveh; B. Deffontaines; B. Fruneau; R. Cojean; M. Audiguier; A. Arnaud; J. Duro

2009-01-01

330

Trade circles: aspirations and ethnicity in commercial sex in Laos  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contours of commercial sex in Lao PDR are significantly shaped by forces facilitating the entry of women from one ethnic group, the Khmu, into this service industry niche. Agricultural transitions, development policies, changing gender roles, ethnic hierarchies, snowballing recruitment networks and growing capitalist sensibilities collectively prompt poor Khmu women to aspire to material gain via selling beer and sex.

Chris Lyttleton; Sisouvanh Vorabouth

2011-01-01

331

Impression-Oriented Music Courseware and Its Application in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the design and implementation of music courseware that features a music search system that uses impression keywords. The paper applies the courseware to "Kansei" (sensibility) development for elementary and junior high school students. The objectives of this courseware are to cultivate children's…

Sasaki, Shiori; Watagoshi, Kiku; Takano, Kosuke; Hirashima, Kazuo; Kiyoki, Yasushi

2010-01-01

332

Children and Technology: Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research on children's use of computers and the Internet, educational benefits of information technology, problems with using technology with young children, and teachers' adoption and use of technology. Identifies Internet sites that provide guidelines for sensible Internet use and lists children-appropriate, instructional, and…

Wright, Carol

2001-01-01

333

Studies on a Laser Doppler Interferometry gravity mission by a semi-analytical approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade, three satellite missions (CHAMP, GRACE and GOCE) have been successfully launched for the Earth gravity field observation from space. In particular, GOCE will provide a very accurate static model in terms of spherical harmonic expansion up to degree 200 and beyond, while GRACE is more sensible to time variations of the gravity field at lower resolution.

Pertusini Lisa; Reguzzoni Mirko; Sansò Fernando

2010-01-01

334

Design and Thermal Analysis for Space Deployable Antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

sensibility and thermal stability. But deployable antenna always enters into and leaves the earth shadow periodically when it orbits the earth, and it is affected by the shadows of itself Thus a key design for the antenna structure is to control its deformation in a limited range. Obviously, thermal analysis is very important for such structure to maintain its high

Fu-Ling Guan; Jiang Huang; Shu-Jie Zhang

2002-01-01

335

Postmodern Texts and Emotional Audiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chabot Davis analyzes contemporary texts that bond together two seemingly antithetical sensibilities: the sentimental and the postmodern. Ranging across multiple media and offering a methodological union of textual analysis and reception study, Chabot Davis presents case studies of audience responses. Chabot Davis argues that sentimental postmodernism deepened leftist political engagement by moving audiences to identify emotionally with people across the

Kimberly Chabot Davis

2007-01-01

336

Lipoabdominoplasty with Selective and Safe Undermining  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our objective is to present a new surgical concept for the aesthetic treatment of the abdominal region using the principles of liposuction associated with the traditional abdominoplasty. Lipoabdominoplasty is different from other techniques because it has the advantages of conserving perforator vessels of the abdominal wall, it preserves suprapubic sensibility, results in better abdominal contouring, has a low rate of

Osvaldo Ribeiro Saldanha; Ewaldo Bolívai De Souza Pinto; Wilson Novaes Mattos; Carlos Eduardo Pazetti; Erika Mônica Lopes Bello; Yuri Rojas; Madeline Ramos dos Santos; Ana Carolina O. de Carvalho; Osvaldo Ribeiro Saldanha Filho

2003-01-01

337

A new approach in the repair of a myelomeningocele using amnion and a sensate perforator flap.  

PubMed

Soft-tissue coverage over the neural repair of a large myelomeningocele was obtained using an autologous amnion graft and a sensate perforator flap. This new technique provides a watertight closure and tension-free, stable, soft-tissue coverage. Protective sensibility in the reconstructed area and minimal donor-site morbidity are additional advantages. PMID:23266019

de Weerd, L; Weum, S; Sjåvik, K; Acharya, G; Hennig, R O

2012-12-21

338

Canada's renewable energy resources: An assessment of potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rising costs of conventional, frontier, and nuclear energy production and the prospect of future shortages have prompted a resurgence of interest in alternative, renewable energy technologies. Principal sources of renewable energy (solar radiation, wind, and biomass), as well as waves, thermal gradients, and, sensible heat sources are reviewed to establish, in general terms, their significance in the Canadian context. Next,

P. Middleton; R. Argue; T. Burrell; G. Hathaway

1976-01-01

339

The Influence of Vitamin D on Bone Health Across the Life Cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D deficiency is now recognized as an epidemic in the United States. The major source of vitamin D for both children and adults is from sensible sun exposure. In the absence of sun exposure 1000 IU of cholecalciferol is required daily for both children and adults. Vitamin D deficiency causes poor mineralization of the collagen matrix in young children's

Michael F. Holick

340

(Re)telling: A Narrative Inquiry into Pre-Service TESOL Teachers' Study Abroad Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning to teach ESL entails not only knowledge of linguistics, pedagogy, and curriculum, but it also entails negotiating challenges to identity, cultural sensibilities, and emotional relations. In order to make sense of these challenges, I inquire into the experiences of pre-service TESOL teachers teaching and learning experiences in a study…

Marquardt, Sheila K.

2011-01-01

341

Roots and role of imagination in Kant: Imagination at the core  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kant's critical philosophy promises to overturn both Empiricism and Rationalism by arguing for the necessity of a passive faculty, sensibility, and an active faculty, understanding, in order for cognition to obtain. Kant argues in favor of sense impression found in standard empirical philosophies while advocating conceptual necessities like those found in rational philosophies. It is only in the synthesis of

Michael Thompson

2009-01-01

342

Inverting the Inverted Pyramid: A Conversation about the Use of Feminist Theories to Teach Journalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching is always challenging, and for some teachers who are feminists, teaching journalism is difficult. The tenets of good journalism--objectivity and neutrality--are often antithetical to their feminist values. Educators face the dilemma of how to incorporate feminist sensibilities into teaching journalism--a profession that strives for…

Walker, Danna L.; Geertsema, Margaretha; Barnett, Barbara

2009-01-01

343

Sizing phase-change energy storage units for air-based solar heating systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple method for sizing phase-change energy storage (PCES) units for air-based solar heating systems is presented. An effective heat capacity for the phase change unit is obtained as a function of its mass, latent heat, specific heat, and melting temperature. The effective heat capacity can then be used, along with any convenient design method for systems with sensible heat

J. J. Jurinak; S. I. Abdel-Khalik

1979-01-01

344

Research Output in Australian University Economics Departments, 1974-83  

Microsoft Academic Search

The move towards greater public-sector efficiency has meant considerable changes in resource allocation to higher education. An efficient and equitable restructuring of the sector will be greatly assisted by the sensible use of appropriate performance indicators. This article extends previous work, which looked at the quantity of refereed publications, by developing research performance indicators based on citations, research grants, and

Geoffrey Thomas Harris

1988-01-01

345

Planning for Lake and Lake Shore Tourism: Complexity, Coordination and Adaptation  

Microsoft Academic Search

It may appear sensible for just one organisation to have sole responsibility for all aspects of planning for lake basins, including for tourism. In practice, however, many public agencies are often involved that have varying interests and priorities. This paper examines one instance of relatively complex governance arrangements in order to examine the coordination of its tourism planning. A relational

BILL BRAMWELL; GILL POMFRET

2007-01-01

346

Solar hybrid cooling system for high-tech offices in subtropical climate – Radiant cooling by absorption refrigeration and desiccant dehumidification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar hybrid cooling design is proposed for high cooling load demand in hot and humid climate. For the typical building cooling load, the system can handle the zone cooling load (mainly sensible) by radiant cooling with the chilled water from absorption refrigeration, while the ventilation load (largely latent) by desiccant dehumidification. This hybrid system utilizes solar energy for driving

K. F. Fong; T. T. Chow; C. K. Lee; Z. Lin; L. S. Chan

2011-01-01

347

Retirement.  

PubMed

Retirement should be carefully thought through and sensible plans made for the future. It is a time of challenge for what lies ahead not disappointment at what has been. As you shut one door another will open and it is up to each individual to ensure that this will lead to a productive, satisfying and enjoyable way of life. PMID:2595977

Gripper, J

1989-11-11

348

Buying greenhouse insurance. The economic costs of CO{sub 2} emission limits  

SciTech Connect

This book contains an economic analysis of various options in managing a potential global warming problem, arguing that sensible public policy requires balancing benefits and costs. The authors focus on two major questions: what will reductions in emissions buy in terms of reduced environmental damages and what will the price tag be?

Manne, A.S.; Richels, R.G. [eds.

1992-12-31

349

Context and Critical Perspective: Meeting Black Autobiography Halfway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Black autobiography can only be viewed sensibly in the classroom if an attempt is made to come to terms with the social and historical milieu in which the work was produced and with the persona and ethos of the writer. Critical failure to do so puts critic and text at a serious disadvantage because such failure restricts critical vision to the…

Davidson, Phebe

350

Confessions from the Performatively Confused  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Confessions" begins with an auto-ethnographic account of my learning-through-movement in a relationship that was intimate, therapeutic, embodied and instructive--with a teacher called Annie. It seems sensible to start with a choreographic teacher of Feldenkrais therapies and theatre-movement to think about the meanings I import from my roles as…

Williams, Rose

2007-01-01

351

Hemingway Among the Bohemians: A Generational Reading of The Sun Also Rises  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This article investigates how The Sun Also Rises speaks for its generation both thematically and formally. Hemingway undertakes narrative experiments that expand the reader's linguistic range of reference, making available to subsequent generations a modernist bohemian sensibility. The article also explores ways in which readers have assessed the novel according to the standard of fidelity to a murky but compelling

Michael Soto

2001-01-01

352

Technology Shocks and Robust Sign Restrictions in aE uro Area SVAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a model-based identification strategy to estimate the impact of technology shocks on hours worked and employment in the euro area. The restrictions applied in the SVAR analysis are consistent with a large class of DSGE models and are robust given a sensible range of parameterization. In contrast to most of the existing literature for the United States, our

353

Technology Shocks and Robust Sign Restrictions in a Euro Area SVAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a model-based identification strategy to estimate the impact of technology, labor supply, monetary policy and aggregate demand shocks on hours worked and employment in the euro area. The restrictions applied in the SVAR analysis are consistent with a large class of DSGE models and are robust given a sensible range of parametrization. In contrast to most of the

G. PEERSMAN; R. STRAUB

2005-01-01

354

Assessing the usability of open verifiable e-voting systems: a trial with the system Prêt à Voter  

Microsoft Academic Search

?Abstract ? E-voting systems - the combination of vote-casting, ballot transmission and counting, auditing and monitoring systems - have been gaining much attention from the international community as a suitable solution for preventing errors issued from human reliability on vote counting. Whilst many reports have said about currently available pilots and proposals are sensible, some fundamental issues remain unresolved such

Marco Winckler; Regina Bernhaupt; Philippe Palanque; David Lundin; Kieran Leach; Peter Ryan; Eugenio Alberdi; Lorenzo Strigini

355

The biology of religion: A Darwinian gospel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vigor of religious feelings, and the fact that most, if not all, cultures include a system of spiritual belief, suggest that humans have an innate predisposition towards religiousness. There are several possible adaptive advantages that may help explain such a disposition; religions promote cooperative relations, they induce people to obey sensible rules, and they soothe the minds of their

Bjorn Grinde

1998-01-01

356

Submerged cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum biomass and immunostimulatory effects of fungal polysaccharides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Original Ganoderma lucidum strain MZKI G97 isolated from Slovenian forests was cultivated in a liquid substrate based on potato dextrose and olive oil. The influences of inoculum and oxygen partial pressure in batch and fed batch cultivation in a 10-l laboratory stirred tank reactor were studied. Fungal biomass was found to be oxygen and shear sensible. Using a 17% (wet

Marin Berovi?; Jožica Habijani?; Irena Zore; Branka Wraber; Damjan Hodžar; Bojana Boh; Franc Pohleven

2003-01-01

357

A critical assessment of the sensitivity concept in geomorphology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The landscape sensitivity concept concerns the likelihood that a given change in the controls of a system or the forces applied to the system will produce a sensible, recognisable, and persistent response. The idea is an essential element of the fundamental proposition of landscape stability. This is described as a function of the spatial and temporal distributions of the resisting

Denys Brunsden

2001-01-01

358

Ecosystem management decision support for federal forests in the United States: A review 1 Presented at the Firest Biennial North American Forest Ecology Workshop, 23–26 June 1997, Raleigh, NC. 1 2 The opinions expressed by the author do not mecessarily represent the policy or position of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or the Forest Serviece. 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecosystem management has been adopted as the philosophical paradigm guiding management on many federal forests in the United States. The strategic goal of ecosystem management is to find a sensible middle ground between ensuring long-term protection of the environment while allowing an increasing population to use its natural resources for maintaining and improving human life. Ecosystem management has all the

H. Michael Rauscher

1999-01-01

359

Emotion Work, Shame, and Post-Soviet Women Entrepreneurs: Negotiating Ideals of Gender and Labor in a Global Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on ethnographic research among Russian women traders or “shuttle traders” (chelnoki), I examine discourses on shame as a type of emotion work and consider links to ideal gender roles among Russian women entrepreneurs. In a post-Soviet era increasingly shaped by transnational mobility, as well as by a persistent legacy of Soviet sensibilities, a focus on emotion among women traders

Alexia Bloch

2011-01-01

360

Player Character Design Facilitating Emotional Depth in MMORPGs  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can we create computer games facilitating emotional depth in the playing experience? When entering into a persistent virtual game world the player leaves the body behind. It is up to the game designer to create a virtual body with skills, needs and drives necessary for survival and pleasure in the game world. Would it be sensible also to create

Mirjam Eladhari; Craig A. Lindley

2003-01-01

361

Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive evaluation of energy balance closure is performed across 22 sites and 50 site-years in FLUXNET, a network of eddy covariance sites measuring long-term carbon and energy fluxes in contrasting ecosystems and climates. Energy balance closure was evaluated by statistical regression of turbulent energy fluxes (sensible and latent heat (LE)) against available energy (net radiation, less the energy stored)

Kell Wilson; Allen Goldstein; Eva Falge; Marc Aubinet; Dennis Baldocchi; Paul Berbigier; Christian Bernhofer; Reinhart Ceulemans; Han Dolman; Chris Field; Achim Grelle; Andreas Ibrom; B. E. Law; Andy Kowalski; Tilden Meyers; John Moncrieff; Russ Monson; Walter Oechel; John Tenhunen; Riccardo Valentini; Shashi Verma

2002-01-01

362

Simulation and theory of two-phase flow in porous media  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-dimensional network model of a porous medium is used to compute relative permeabilities and capillary pressures in drainage and imbibition. In contrast, the invasion-percolation model of drainage with trapping does not make a sensible prediction for the relative permeability of either the displaced or injected phases since it fails to represent the fluid connectivity correctly. We describe two realistic

Martin Blunt; Michael J. King; Harvey Scher

1992-01-01

363

Observed effects of horizontal radiative surface temperature variations on the atmosphere over a midwest watershed during CASES 97  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between ?10-km scale horizontal variation of radiometric surface temperature (Ts) and aircraft-derived fluxes of sensible heat (H) and moisture (LE) is the focus of this work. We use aircraft, surface, and satellite data from a Cooperative Atmospheric-Surface Exchange Studies (CASES) field program, which took place in the southern part of the 60 × 100 km Walnut River (Kansas)

Robert L. Grossman; David Yates; Margaret A. LeMone; M. L. Wesely; Jie Song

2005-01-01

364

Observed effects of horizontal radiative surface temperature variations on the atmosphere over a midwest watershed during CASES 97  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between ~10-km scale horizontal variation of radiometric surface temperature (Ts) and aircraft-derived fluxes of sensible heat (H) and moisture (LE) is the focus of this work. We use aircraft, surface, and satellite data from a Cooperative Atmospheric-Surface Exchange Studies (CASES) field program, which took place in the southern part of the 60 × 100 km Walnut River (Kansas)

Robert L. Grossman; David Yates; Margaret A. LeMone; M. L. Wesely; Jie Song

2005-01-01

365

Images and the History Lecture: Teaching the History Channel Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No sensible historian would argue that using images in history lectures is a pedagogical waste of time. All people seem to accept the idea that visual elements (paintings, photographs, films, maps, charts, etc.) enhance the retention of historical information and add greatly to student enjoyment of the subject. However, there seems to be very…

Coohill, Joseph

2006-01-01

366

I've Just Seen a Face: Portraits. [Lesson Plan].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Image has always been important to the powerful. Their portraits have traditionally been designed to impress people with the gravity of the subject, but changing sensibilities and media have tended to introduce more intimacy and spontaneity. Creating visual and literary representations of people has proved to be an enduring human activity. This…

National Endowment for the Humanities (NFAH), Washington, DC.

367

Process heat from solar energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Solar Tower System, solar energy is reflected from a field of tracking mirrors or heliostats to a central receiver. Here the concentrated sunlight is absorbed and the energy used in a process, or it is converted to sensible heat and brought to the ground. Heliostat fields have been used to collect solar energy via optical transmission to a

Vant-Hull

1982-01-01

368

Short-term environmental controls of heat and water vapour fluxes above a boreal coniferous forest: model computations compared with measurements by eddy correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eddy correlation and stem flow measurements were coupled with detailed microclimate and soil measurements made in a boreal Scots pine forest in the late growing season of 1998 to determine sensible and latent heat fluxes from the soil and the canopy separately. A ‘resistance\\/energy’ model is constructed and parametrized in order to reproduce the dynamics of water and heat exchange

Seppo Kellomäki; Kai-Yun Wang

1999-01-01

369

Autoimmune chronic urticaria: transferability of autologous serum skin test.  

PubMed

At least 30 % of children with chronic urticaria have an autoimmune aetiology with a positive autologous serum skin test (ASST). ASST is cheap, easy to perform and has good sensibility and specificity in detecting autoantibodies. In case of concern about reliability of ASST because of antihistamine medications, test transferability seems to be feasible. PMID:23334606

Pastore, Serena; Berti, Irene; Longo, Giorgio

2013-01-20

370

Researching geoengineering: should not or could not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is geoengineering a feasible, sensible, or practical stopgap measure for us to have in our arsenal of potential responses to global warming? We do not know at this point and so it seems hardly contentious to claim that we should find out. I evaluate a moral argument that we should not try to find out and a methodological argument that

Martin Bunzl

2009-01-01

371

Radiometric and equivalent isothermal surface temperatures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analytical solution for the heat flux from an anisothermal canopy developed from K theory by Brutsaert and Sugita [1996] (hereinafter referred to as B&S) has been extended to provide a parameterization of the difference between the radiometric and the equivalent isothermal surface temperature. The latter is the isothermal temperature at which a canopy would give the correct sensible heat

Richard D. Crago

1998-01-01

372

'Kids from the Local School ?'? Tele-pedagogy and the Rock Eisteddfod Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools and teachers are increasingly confronted by, and engaging, the challenge of techno-popular culture and postmodernity more generally. This paper addresses one manifestation of the postmodern condition in contemporary education and schooling: the emergence of a distinctively new visual and performative sensibility in educational practice, and a new articulation with media practice and popular culture. This is addressed here specifically

BILL GREEN

2003-01-01

373

Progress in Determining the Thickness and Distribution of Volcanic Materials on Mars.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volcanic plains and constructs comprise over half the surface of Mars. Volume estimates require sensible estimates of the thickness of volcanic materials. The completion of the 1:2 M Viking photomosaics and a refined geologic map based on Viking photograp...

R. A. Dehon

1987-01-01

374

Philosophy as Translation: Democracy and Education from Dewey to Cavell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dewey's idea of "mutual national understanding" faces new challenges in the age of globalization, especially in education for global understanding. In this essay Naoko Saito aims to find an alternative idea and language for "mutual national understanding," one that is more attuned to the sensibility of our times. She argues for Stanley Cavell's…

Saito, Naoko

2007-01-01

375

Transmission par bistabilit e nonlin eaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

R esum e. La nonlin earit e, induite par la d ependance de l'indice de r efraction a l'intensit e, peut ^ etre un moyen de concevoir des d etecteurs de lumi ere sensibles a une tr es faible excitation. Cela provient des propri et es de bistabilit e de l' equation de Schrodinger nonlin eaire soumise a des conditions

D. Chevriaux

376

Experimental heat and mass transfer of the separated and coupled rotating desiccant wheel and heat wheel  

SciTech Connect

The experimental evaluation of the separated and coupled rotating desiccant wheel and heat wheel is reported. The study aims to investigate the performance of the desiccant wheel and of the heat wheel both when operated separately and jointly. The performance evaluation of the desiccant wheel is based on its moisture removal capacity (MRC), moisture removal regeneration (MRR), and moisture mass balance (MMB). In addition, the study used the total energy balance (TEB), sensible coefficient of performance (COP{sub Sensible}), latent coefficient of performance (COP{sub Latent}) and, total coefficient of performance (COP{sub Total}). The performance of the heat wheel is based on its effectiveness. The COP{sub Sensible}, COP{sub Latent} and, COP{sub Total} are used in the performance evaluation of the coupled desiccant wheel and heat wheel. The general results of the study show that the MRC, MRR and MMB coupled with the TEB, COP{sub Latent}, COP{sub Sensible} and COP{sub Total} predict adequately the performance of the desiccant wheel. In addition, the coupled operation of the desiccant wheel and heat wheel, contributed to the reduction of the external thermal energy requirement for the regeneration of the desiccant wheel. This study can be applied in other researches seeking evaluation of the desiccant wheel, heat wheel, and their combined operation. Moreover, the data presented here are significant for the desiccant wheel benchmarking and for evaluation of the desiccant wheel models. (author)

Enteria, Napoleon; Yoshino, Hiroshi; Mochida, Akashi; Takaki, Rie [Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Satake, Akira [Technical Research Institute, Maeda Corporation, Tokyo 179-8914 (Japan); Yoshie, Ryuichiro [Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo Polytechnic University, Atsugi 243-0297 (Japan); Mitamura, Tiruaki [Faculty of Engineering, Ashikaga Institute of Technology, Ashikaga 326-8558 (Japan); Baba, Seizo [Earth Clean Tohoku Co., Ltd., Sendai 984-0038 (Japan)

2010-07-15

377

TRANSPORT OF OZONE BY TURBULENCE AND CLOUDS IN AN URBAN BOUNDARY LAYER  

EPA Science Inventory

The turbulent fluxes of ozone and latent and sensible heat are computed from fast-response measurements made aboard a NOAA aircraft over downtown Philadelphia and the surrounding suburbs during the afternoon and evening of 22 August 1979. The normalized variances and spectra of v...

378

Das Forschungsprojekt: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stocks of white peat (slightly humified Sphagnum-peat) in Western and Central Europe are nearly depleted. Alternatives for this raw material in professional horticulture are absent. The pressure on pri- stine bogs increases. The sustainable cultivation of peat mosses (Sphagnum) seems a sensible solution ensuring a lasting supply of white peat as raw material. Sphagnum material looses more and more

GRETA GAUDIG

379

Enhanced Reflection to Encourage Healthy Living  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the Persuasive Mirror, an example of persuasive technology, created at the Accenture Technology Labs, which aims at encouraging people to keep up a healthy lifestyle. Personal reflection and visual awareness of daily activity are the means used to motivate people to do regular exercise and eat sensibly.

Ana C. Andrés del Valle; Agata Opalach

380

On the education of the senses: synaesthetic perception from the ‘democratic art’ of chromolithography to modernism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the emergence of art education in the USA in the late nineteenth century. Focusing on the issue of colour perception, it traces the aesthetic tropes shared between discussions of educating students' colour sensibilities and the concurrent clinical and literary experiments with synaesthesia. It then makes the case that early twentieth-century works of ‘visual music’ often combine the

Joshua Yumibe

2009-01-01

381

Love and hate in European eyes: Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman on America  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the wake of September 11, a classic European disdain for American sentiment became apparent. Even American intellectuals, like Susan Sontag and Gore Vidal, issued pronouncements that reflected a profoundly European sensibility, one embedded in notions of tradition and memory. Yet within the contemporary European critiques of America there frequently lurks a distinct affection. Note the ambivalence of many commentators

Anthony Ashbolt

2003-01-01

382

Context and Critical Perspective: Meeting Black Autobiography Halfway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black autobiography can only be viewed sensibly in the classroom if an attempt is made to come to terms with the social and historical milieu in which the work was produced and with the persona and ethos of the writer. Critical failure to do so puts critic and text at a serious disadvantage because such failure restricts critical vision to the…

Davidson, Phebe

383

Vitamin D and Sunlight: Strategies for Cancer Prevention and Other Health Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem. The major source of vitamin D for most humans is sensible sun exposure. Factors that influence cutaneous vitamin D production include sunscreen use, skin pigmentation, time of day, season of the year, latitude, and aging. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) is the measure for vitamin D status. A total of 100 IU of

Michael F. Holick

2008-01-01

384

Building umbrellas or arks? three alternatives to carbon credits and offsets  

SciTech Connect

Carbon credit markets suffer seemingly inescapable flaws that may justify alternative approaches such as carbon taxes, a complete phase-out of carbon dioxide emissions, or a global carbon fund. In the years to come, we must remember that credits are not the only sensible policy options for responding to climate change. (author)

Sovacool, Benjamin K.

2010-03-15

385

It'll Only Hurt a Second? Microeconomic Determinants of Who Gets Flu Shots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appreciating how propensities to be immunized against the flu depend on individual characteristics and environments is essential if policies regarding influenza control are to be sensibly formulated. Beyond epidemiology, there are some important economic issues that must be addressed if the determinants of this form of preventive care are to be comprehensively understood. One concerns the relationship between labor supply

John Mullahy

1998-01-01

386

The New Nonfiction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses a contemporary literary movement, "New Nonfiction." New Nonfiction is described as a reaction against the hermeticism of the modern novel, the abstractions of historical scholarship, and the impersonal, sensational, and formulaic reports of the mass media. It is a written narrative that connects private sensibility with…

Lennon, J. Michael

387

Teaching a Faulkner Novel Using Research from the Discipline of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students cannot be trained to perceive the complicated richness of literary art, but they may be educated to align their sensibilities with writer's clues when a literary work requires an intuitive reading. For instance, William Faulkner admired Keats's "Ode to a Grecian Urn" and various commentators have noted the urn-like imagery in Faulkner's…

Ford, Daniel G.

388

A Numerical Investigation of the Long-Term Transient Behavior in a Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A two-level, quasi-geostrophic atmospheric model on a midlatitude Beta-plane with a single wave in the x-direction was coupled with a three level primitive equation ocean model through the exchange of sensible heat and momentum to investigate the effect o...

W. R. Lambertson

1972-01-01

389

China's Role in the Revived Bretton Woods System: A Case of Mistaken Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the way in which China is portrayed in the revived Bretton Woods thesis (BW2) is not consistent with several important trends in, and features of, the Chinese economy; nor does the strategy in the BW2 seem sensible for China's long-term economic development. Whether it is the behavior of China's real exchange rate, the costs of sterilizing

Morris Goldstein; Nicholas R. Lardy

2005-01-01

390

Naviglio's Principle and Presentation of an Innovative Solid–Liquid Extraction Technology: Extractor Naviglio®  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, starting from a new solid–liquid extractive principle an innovative solid–liquid extractor is showed. Extractor Naviglio® works at room temperature and it does not need to heat the extractive system; this fact is important in the field of officinal plants and in many other cases when the objective of the extraction are the active principles or compounds sensible

Daniele Naviglio

2003-01-01

391

Epithelium–mesenchyme compartment interaction and oncosis on chemotherapy-induced hair damage  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known that chemotherapy induces alopecia in humans, with important psychological and social implications in spite of its reversibility. Among chemotherapeutic drugs, anthracyclines are widely used, yet cause severe alopecia. One of the causes for the elevated sensibility of hair follicles to anthracyclines, and to drugs in general, is the high proliferation rate of follicular epithelium and the long

Silvia Selleri; Francesca Arnaboldi; Laura Vizzotto; Andrea Balsari; Cristiano Rumio

2004-01-01

392

Determining Muon Detection Efficiency Rates of Limited Streamer Tube Modules using Cosmic Ray Detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Babar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the existing muon detector system in the Instrumented Flux Return gaps is currently being upgraded. Limited Streamer Tubes (LST) have been successful in other projects in the past, and are thus reliable and sensible detectors to use. The tubes have been assembled into modules to strengthen the mechanical structure [2].

2004-01-01

393

Wet periods in northeastern Brazil over the past 210kyr linked to distant climate anomalies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tropics are the main source of the atmosphere's sensible and latent heat, and water vapour, and are therefore important for reconstructions of past climate. But long, accurately dated records of southern tropical palaeoclimate, which would allow the establishment of climatic connections to distant regions, have not been available. Here we present a 210,000-year (210-kyr) record of wet periods in

Xianfeng Wang; Augusto S. Auler; R. Lawrence Edwards; Hai Cheng; Patricia S. Cristalli; Peter L. Smart; David A. Richards; Chuan-Chou Shen

2004-01-01

394

Intercomparisons between SSMI-POES-derived, in situ, and model-based Specific Humidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The upper ocean is of particular interest as the zone of oceanic and atmospheric energy exchanges. The transfer of latent and sensible heat at the air\\/sea interface has consequences for several key upper ocean features. In the initial planning for NPOESS, a net heat flux product was proposed with potential for application to numerical ocean prediction of near-surface processes. In

Neil Van de Voorde; Clark Rowley

395

Estimation of marine meteorological parameters from the satellite data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The simple estimation methods of air temperature and specific humidity at the sea surface are investigated using buoy and satellite data. Air temperature and specific humidity obtained by the regression equations are validated through the comparison with sea truth data. And also in order to certify this method, sensible and latent heat fluxes are compared with those of other methods.

Gi-Man Hong; Byung-Hyuk Kwon; Young-Ho Han; Young-Seup Kim

2003-01-01

396

Conservation and the industrial customer  

SciTech Connect

Obvious differences between nonresidential and residential water customer markets call for a different marketing program for industrial, commercial, and institutional sectors. Although basic marketing tenets must be adhered to, the strategies are more complex, the communications are more vertical, and the message focuses more on costs and return on investment than on ethical or environmental sensibilities.

Ploeser, J.H. [City of Phoenix Water Services, AZ (United States)

1996-01-01

397

“Check on it”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyoncé Knowles is a hip hop icon. She is known more for her voluptuous body than her body of work that crisscrosses multiple culture industries. Unlike her hip hop contemporaries, Beyoncé successfully performs a range of Black femininities, speaking at once to Black working and middle class sensibilities while fulfilling her dynamic roles as both a hip hop belle and

Aisha Durham

2011-01-01

398

Indirect evaporative cooling potential in air–water systems in temperate climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments have prompted a review of evaporative cooling technology as an effective means of cooling modern deep plan buildings. Prominent among these developments is the success of high temperature sensible cooling systems, particularly, chilled ceilings, which require a supply of cooling water at 14–18°C. Crucial to the success of evaporative cooling technology, as a significant means of cooling in

Ben Costelloe; Donal Finn

2003-01-01

399

Storage of heat: A survey of efforts and possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various methods are described for storing heat. Topic areas discussed include the following: the role of heat storage in different energy systems; heat storage with passive and active solar heat systems; sensible heat; latent heat - phase change; thermochemical reactions; the American program for storage of heat.

G. Wettermark; B. Carlsson; H. Stymne

1979-01-01

400

Dyslexia and the Studio: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally accepted that art and design related disciplines attract a higher proportion of students with dyslexia than traditional academic counterparts. Combined with this is a prevalent perception that dyslexia predominantly affects students' writing and linguistic ability and it is this, as well as an increased visual-spatial sensibility,…

Alden, Sandy; Pollock, Venda Louise

2011-01-01

401

More Than a Mascot.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how several school districts have coped with protracted and contentious community debate over the retirement of high school Native American team names and mascots, when Native American sensibilities clash with high school rituals and traditions. Offers tips on how to deal with the Native American mascot issue. (PKP)

Riede, Paul

2001-01-01

402

Metonyms of modernity in contemporary Syrian music and painting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines painting and music in modern Syria as cultural practices that give voice to modernist sensibilities. I argue that two important spatial and temporal tropes structure the aesthetics of authenticity in Syrian visual and musical arts: the old city and the countryside. Through recourse to these metonymic representations and evocations, Syrian artists articulate a vision of modernity in

Jonathan H. Shannon

2005-01-01

403

Separating Wheat from Chaff: An Introduction to Evaluating Picture Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that librarians, teachers, and parents can and should become book critics, since all perform acts of criticism when they select picture books to read aloud or to recommend to children. Discusses limitations of book criticism, skills or sensibilities needed, and the steps involved. Outlines four activities that help develop analytical…

Burns, Mary

1998-01-01

404

The influence of fuel composition and spray characteristics on particulate formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of tests are conducted in a tubular, continuous flow combustor containing a 15 cm diameter combustion liner. Fuel is supplied to the flame zone through a circular array of 30 equispaced miniature airblast atomizers. The objective is to achieve a sensibly uniform mixture strength in the fuel-air mixture entering the flame zone. This, in turn, ensures uniform conditions

K. K. Rink; A. H. Lefebvre; R. L. Graves

1987-01-01

405

An investigation of the accuracy of the Merkel equation for evaporative cooling tower calculations. Waste heat management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exact differential equations governing heat and mass transfer and air flow in an evaporative, natural-draft cooling tower are presented. The Merkel equation is then derived starting from this exact formulation and showing all the approximations involved. The Merkel formulation lumps the sensible and the latent heat transfer together and considers a single enthalpy-difference driving force for the total heat

G. Yadigaroglu; E. J. Pastor

1974-01-01

406

Utilization of waste heat from the kitchen furnace of an enclosed campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research is to study the waste heat recovery potential sources at the enclosed campus of Mu'tah University. Based on certain criteria, the kitchen of the students' club was identified as a good source of waste heat recovery. A coil heat exchanger was designed, manufactured, installed and analyzed to utilize the sensible heat contained in the exhaust

T. M. Alkhamis; M. A. Alhusein; M. M. Kablan

1998-01-01

407

Ethical Deliberation as Dramatic Rehearsal: John Dewey's Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses John Dewey's theory on ethics in education and the theory of deliberation, examining his views on emotion and ethical deliberation; emotion and aesthetic sensibility; use of research results in ethical deliberation; use of the scientific approach and scientific results; and emotion and aesthetics in scientific discovery. (SM)

Caspary, William R.

1991-01-01

408

A Community of Learners: Linking Scientific Patterns of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nature of science encompasses the entire world and within that realm, patterns of life can be observed, interpreted, and organized into a sensible arrangement of understanding. By discovering, through an intricate process, how shapes and images form into a complete design or sequence, students related similar scientific patterns to their own…

Greenspan, Yvette F.

409

Recent Improvements in Retrieving Near-Surface Air Temperature and Humidity Using Microwave Remote Sensing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Detailed studies of the energy and water cycles require accurate estimation of the turbulent fluxes of moisture and heat across the atmosphere-ocean interface at regional to basin scale. Providing estimates of these latent and sensible heat fluxes over th...

J. B. Roberts

2010-01-01

410

Recent improvements in retrieving near-surface air temperature and humidity using microwave remote sensing (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed studies of the energy and water cycles require accurate estimation of the turbulent fluxes of moisture and heat across the atmosphere-ocean interface at regional to basin scale. Providing estimates of these latent and sensible heat fluxes over the global ocean necessitates the use of satellite or reanalysis-based estimates of near surface variables. Recent studies have shown that errors in

J. B. Roberts

2010-01-01

411

Negotiating Gender Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument at the heart of this paper is a struggle over the construction of the feminist composition teacher. There are traces of her construction in countless unrecorded verbal exchanges; every reference to student fears of professors, to "sensitive" men, to maternal women, to sensible feminists is such a trace. Generally speaking,…

Sullivan, Mary

412

Emission of climate-relevant trace gases and succession of microbial communities during open-windrow composting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Municipal solid-waste composting is a process of increasing importance, based primarily on augmentation of microbial activity. The composting of organic matter leads not only to a reduction in waste but a sensible recycling of residuals to their origin. Carbon dioxide derived from plant matter degradation does not contribute to global warming. However, emitted nitrous oxide and methane molecules contribute to

BETTINA HELLMANN; LASZLO ZELLES; A. Palojaervi; Q. Bai

1997-01-01

413

Segment-specific association between cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) and degenerative joint disease (DJD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) is a recently described phenomenon of unknown etiology and clinical significance. Global assessment of pillar hyperplasia of the cervical spine as a unit has not shown a relationship with degenerative joint disease, but a more sensible explanation of the architectural influence of CPH on cervical spine biomechanics may be segment-specific. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this

Maja Stupar; Cynthia K Peterson

2006-01-01

414

Conceptualizing Learning from the Everyday Activities of Digital Kids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper illustrates the intensified engagement that youth are having with digital technologies and introduces a framework for examining "digital fluency"--the competencies, new representational practises, design sensibilities, ownership, and strategic expertise that a learner gains or demonstrates by using digital tools to gather, design,…

Hsi, Sherry

2007-01-01

415

Why the audiogram is upside-down.  

PubMed

Two quite sensible ways of recording audiometric threshold data emerged in the early 1920s. They were advanced by Edmund Prince Fowler, an otologist, and by Harvey Fletcher, a physicist. Either would probably have been better than the present system, and would have preserved scientific tradition relative to the orientation of the ordinates of graphs. PMID:23316997

Jerger, James

2013-01-15

416

The Stubborn Logic of Regular Gamblers: Obstacles and Dilemmas in Cognitive Gambling Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive studies into gambling behaviour have shown that many gamblers misinterpret the odds of gambling activities, hold false beliefs about skill and luck, and over-estimate their subjective chances of success. Accordingly, providing accurate information about gambling in venues, or on slot-machines, would appear to be a sensible way to enhance the ‘safety’ of gambling products. Unfortunately, such ideas for educating

Paul Delfabbro

2004-01-01

417

Transparency of the meat chain in the light of food culture and history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current patterns of meat consumption are considered to be unsustainable. Sustainable development may require that consumers choose to eat smaller quantities of meat as well as meat that is produced in a more sensible way. A policy tool directed at consumer behaviour is that of enhancing consumer-oriented transparency of the production chain. Transparency is expected to allow people to make

Carolien T. Hoogland; Joop de Boer; Jan J. Boersema

2005-01-01

418

A river-coastal sea ice interaction model: Mackenzie River Delta  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been observed that arctic coastal regions which receive river discharge show significant ice regression in advance of other coastal areas without this source of sensible heat. This phenomena has been particularly apparent on satellite imagery. The work reported here attempts (1) to quantify and assess the influence of springtime river discharge on the removal of nearshore ice and

Craig Searcy; Kenneson Dean; William Stringer

1996-01-01

419

The periodic table model of the gender transpositions: Part I. A theory based on masculinization and defeminization of the brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students of human sexuality have long tried to make sense of atypical masculinity, femininity, sexual object choice, gender identity, or clothing choice. In Part I of this paper, we propose a theory to organize and to make sensible most of the major facts about these gender transpositions—a periodic table model of the gender transpositions. People have neural substrates that have

Richard C. Pillard; James D. Weinrich

1987-01-01

420

Moist Convection and the Thermal Stratification of the Extratropical Troposphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulations with an aquaplanet general circulation model show that sensible and latent heat transport by large-scale eddies influences the extratropical thermal stratification over a wide range of climates, even in relatively warm climates with small meridional surface temperature gradients. Variations of the lapse rate toward which the parameterized moist convection in the model relaxes atmospheric temperature profiles demonstrate that the

Tapio Schneider; Paul A. O'Gorman

2008-01-01

421

Surprising bedfellows: Vai??ava and Sh?‘a alliance in Kavi ?riph’s ‘Tale of L?lmon’a alliance in Kavi ?riph’s ‘Tale of L?lmon’  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature of the so-called 'Hindu-Muslim' holy figure of Satya lair has eluded analysis because it presents an image of religiosity that seems to violate contemporary sensibilities regarding what is supposedly proper for the religions' constituents. It is precisely this problematic aspect that makes Satya Pir a potentially important window into the processes by which these two dominant Bengali religious

Tony K. Stewart

1999-01-01

422

Re-Searching Music Education for Civic Activism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I am nurtured by indigenous African musical arts education philosophy and practice, and encountered literary music education and scholarship in adulthood. It is with dual musical sensibilities that I ponder the human mission of school music education. My reflections will derive from experiences of applying African indigenous musical arts in…

Nzewi, Meki

2007-01-01

423

The scintillation method tested over a dry vineyard area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of a scintillometer device mounted at 4 m above a dry vineyard area in La Mancha, Spain, are used to obtain an average sensible heat flux densityH. Averaging is over a rectangular area determined by the distance between the scintillometer light source and receptor (875 m) and some upwind distance governed by the horizontal wind speed perpendicular to that

H. A. R. DE BRUIN; W. Kohsiek

1995-01-01

424

La spécialisation touristique des petites économies insulaires en développement est-elle une voie de croissance durable ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many small developing islands have opted to develop through tourism specialization. A sensible choice for places ill-fitted for manufacturing activities and endowed with natural tourism assets raises long term issues Is this growth sustainable ? A review of theoretical and empirical analysis on the topic shows that tourism specialization means short term growth. In the long run, its effects are

Kinvi Logossah; Marie-Antoinette MAUPERTUIS

2007-01-01

425

"The Writers Are Getting Kind of Desperate": Young Adolescents, Television, and Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that adolescents have tacit understandings about television as a system of communication with specific values and purposes. Suggests that students' everyday, informal knowledge of popular media can be an informal resource for developing more of their critical and creative sensibilities and expressiveness. Offers strategies to help students…

Fisherkeller, JoEllen

2000-01-01

426

EFFECTS OF LEAF AREA PROFILES AND CANOPY STRATIFICATION ON SIMULATED ENERGY FLUXES: THE PROBLEM OF VERTICAL SPATIAL SCALE. (R827676)  

EPA Science Inventory

We investigated the effects of the shape of leaf area profiles and the number of canopy layers on simulated sensible and latent heat fluxes using a gradient diffusion-based biometeorological model. Three research questions were addressed through simulation experiments: (1) Given ...

427

Patterns of contact heat evoked potentials (CHEP) in neuropathy with skin denervation: Correlation of CHEP amplitude with intraepidermal nerve fiber density  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveContact heat evoked potentials (CHEPs) provide an objective approach to investigate cerebral responses to thermal stimuli mediated by A? fibers. Skin denervation is often associated with reduced thermal sensibilities. We aimed to investigate the influences of skin denervation on CHEPs in neuropathic patients.

Chi-Chao Chao; Song-Chou Hsieh; Ming-Tsung Tseng; Yang-Chyuan Chang; Sung-Tsang Hsieh

2008-01-01

428

The Role of Attribute Selection in GIS Representations of the Biophysical Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article questions the arbitrary selection of input attributes for the definition of landform classes and other fiat objects that are used to represent the biophysical environment in geographic information science. It suggests that attribute selection influences the characterization of both geographic and attribute space in these applications. Hence digital elevation model-based fuzzy c-means landform classification relies on sensible selection

Y. X. Deng; J. P. Wilson

2006-01-01

429

Facebook: The New Classroom Commons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been much discussion about the issue of boundaries on Facebook. Some suggest faculty members can resolve potential dilemmas in relation to students by making sensible decisions about what to post and by fine-tuning privacy settings. But the challenges and opportunities run deeper. For those who want to be appropriately accessible to…

Schwartz, Harriet L.

2010-01-01

430

Multichannel matched filtering for spherical gravitational wave antennas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the performance of a multidimensional matched filter as a follow-up module of the coherent method recently developed by two of us for the detection of gravitational wave bursts by spherical resonant detectors. We have tested this strategy on the same set of injections used for the coherent method and found that the matched filter sensibly improves the determination

Carlos Filipe Da Silva Costa; Stefano Foffa; Riccardo Sturani

2009-01-01

431

Social Work Education in Wonderland: Stoesz and Karger Reply  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors respond to the invited commentary addressing their paper "Reinventing Social Work Accreditation" published earlier in this issue. Many of the comments provided were sensible and sober appraisals of the critical state of social work education and of the profession, largely congruent with the authors' analysis. They judge the response…

Stoesz, David; Karger, Howard J.

2009-01-01

432

Does a SAR respond to both phase speed and orbital velocity in ocean sensing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method for improving the apparent wave contrast when processing airborne SAR imagery of ocean waves is examined. By changing the focus adjustment in proportion to one half of the phase velocity of the dominant wave, the apparent wave contrast of experimental data is improved. However, this focus response cannot be predicted theoretically, based on the coherently sensible velocity of

R. K. Raney; P. W. Vachon

1987-01-01

433

Fluxes of carbon, water and energy over Brazilian cerrado: an ...  

Treesearch

... trees and grasses forms a vegetation with a leaf area index of 1·0 in the wet season ... energy was equally dissipated between sensible heat and evaporation , but in ... Ecosystem surface conductance gs in the wet season rose abruptly to 0· 3 ...

434

Energy partitioning over the West African savanna: Multi-year evaporation and surface conductance measurements in Eastern Burkina Faso  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seasonal variability of the energy partitioning was analyzed with a combination of eddy fluxes of sensible and latent heat and weather data on intensely farmed land in the savanna area of Eastern Burkina Faso, West Africa. The analysis covers two rainy seasons (May October 2003 and 2004), one dry season (December April 2004), one dry to wet transition period (May

Fafre Bagayoko; Samuel Yonkeu; Jan Elbers; Nick van de Giesen

2007-01-01

435

The temperature variance method: a powerful tool in the estimation of actual evaporation rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The usefulness of the temperature variance technique for the estimation of actual evaporation rates under humid tropical conditions was tested with a set of micrometerolo gical data collected above a 6- year-old pine plantation in Viti Levu, Fiji. Values for the sensible and latent heat fluxes obtained from the standard deviations of fast responding dry and wet bulb thermocouples during

H. F. VUGTS; M. J. WATERLOO; F. J. BEEKMAN; K. F. A. FRUMAU; L. A. BRUUNZEEL

1993-01-01

436

Spatial and Temporal Variability in Microclimate and Evaporation over Lake Kinneret: Experimental Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microclimate characteristics and latent and sensible heat fluxes were measured continuously and simultaneously over Lake Kinneret, Israel, during two consecutive summers at the eastern (Ein Gev) and western shores (Sapir) of the lake. The data were used to characterize the variability in basic meteorological variables (air temperature and humidity, water surface temperature, and wind velocity) and in evaporation rates. Analysis

S. Assouline; Y. Mahrer

1996-01-01

437

Mathematics Suggested by a Logo: Both Rich and Beautiful?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider here the plethora of mathematical ideas arising from something as apparently banal as an association logo. This example is used to illustrate the fact that a potentially rich task may also have the capacity to appeal, in a powerful way, to learners' aesthetic sensibilities. It is to be hoped that both teachers and lecturers will find…

Griffiths, Martin

2010-01-01

438

PV tracking data needed in the optimal design of the azimuthal tracker’s Control program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The energetic efficiency of the PV panels can be sensibly increased using tracking systems. In their control program design the main parameters are the motions amplitude and the tracking steps number which are subject of optimization based on maximization of the received direct solar radiation on panel, on minimization of the driving energy for tracking, on PV type and on

I. Visa; D. V. Diaconescu; A. Duta; V. Popa

2008-01-01

439

Fatty Acids as Phase Change Materials (PCMs) for Thermal Energy Storage: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies in general and phase change materials (PCMs) in particular, have been topic in research for the last 20 years. Traditionally, available heat has been stored in the form of sensible heat (typically by raising temperature of water, rocks, etc). Latent heat storage on the other hand, is a novel and developing technology, which has found

D. Rozanna; T. G. Chuah; A. Salmiah; Thomas S. Y. Choong; M. Saari

2005-01-01

440

Real time repeated video sequence identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a real time system for detecting repeated video clips from a live video source such as news broadcasts. Our system utilizes customized temporal video segmentation techniques to automatically partition the digital video signal into semantically sensible shots and scenes. As each frame of the video source is processed, we extract auxiliary information to facilitate repeated

Kok Meng Pua; John M. Gauch; Susan E Gauch; Jedrzej Z. Miadowicz

2004-01-01

441

The Past Is All before Us: The History of Education in Hard Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author explores these questions--from what position, with what focus, and through what methods can a history be produced that is sensible of the conflicts and passions of its own time, and that can illuminate those of the past?--estimating that the books under review in several ways invite such a demanding reading. Gary…

Jones, Ken

2012-01-01

442

Asthma.  

PubMed Central

Asthmatics should be encouraged to increase the quality and intensity of exercise gradually in order to allow the body to adapt to the training load. If sensible precautions are taken and if adequately controlled with medication, asthmatics can reach the top in even the most arduous of sports.

Thomas, P L

1989-01-01

443

Heat transfer enhancement in water when used as PCM in thermal energy storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficient and reliable storage systems for thermal energy are an important requirement in many applications where heat demand and supply or availability do not coincide. Heat and cold stores can basically be divided in two groups. In sensible heat stores the temperature of the storage material is increased significantly. Latent heat stores, on the contrary, use a storage material that

L. F. Cabeza; H. Mehling; S. Hiebler; F. Ziegler

2002-01-01

444

Thermal energy storage and regeneration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newest techniques and theories covering the design and management of thermal energy storage systems in the areas of heat recovery and in circumstances where energy availability does not coincide chronologically with demand are presented. Techniques that predict the performance of sensible heat storage units in a broad range of operating conditions and methods for designing energy storage units for

F. W. Schmidt; A. John Willmott; Frank Kreith

1981-01-01

445

A review on phase change energy storage: materials and applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent heat storage is one of the most efficient ways of storing thermal energy. Unlike the sensible heat storage method, the latent heat storage method provides much higher storage density, with a smaller temperature difference between storing and releasing heat. This paper reviews previous work on latent heat storage and provides an insight to recent efforts to develop new classes

Mohammed M Farid; Amar M Khudhair; Siddique Ali K Razack; Said Al-Hallaj

2004-01-01

446

Review on sustainable thermal energy storage technologies, Part I: heat storage materials and techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of available thermal energy storage (TES) technologies and their individual pros and cons for space and water heating applications. Traditionally, available heat has been stored in the form of sensible heat (typically by raising the temperature of water, rocks, etc.) for later use. In most of the low temperature applications, water is being used as

S. M. Hasnain

1998-01-01

447

Effects of different eddy covariance correction schemes on energy balance closure and comparisons with the modified Bowen ratio system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eddy covariance (EC) and modified Bowen ratio (MBR) systems have been shown to yield subtly different estimates of sensible heat (H), latent heat (LE), and CO2 fluxes (Fc). Our study analyzed the discrepancies between these two systems by first considering the role of the data processing algorithm used to estimate fluxes using EC and later examining the effects of atmospheric

Adam Wolf; Nick Saliendra; Kanat Akshalov; Douglas A. Johnson; Emilio Laca

2008-01-01

448

Personal privacy through understanding and action: five pitfalls for designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

To participate in meaningful privacy practice in the context of technical systems, people require opportunities to understand the extent of the systems' alignment with relevant practice and to conduct discernible social action through intuitive or sensible engagement with the system. It is a significant challenge to design for such understanding and action through the feedback and control mechanisms of today's

Scott Lederer; Jason I. Hong; Anind K. Dey; James A. Landay

2004-01-01

449

A solution for simultaneous turbulent heat and vapor transfer between a water surface and the atmosphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interaction between sensible heat and water vapor diffusion in the lower atmosphere leads to the necessity of solving two simultaneous turbulent diffusion equations. This solution is obtained by the construction of Green's function which when incorporated in the boundary conditions produces two integral equations. These are solved by transformation into two algebraic equations by means of the Laplace Transformation. The

Gour-Tsyh Yeh; Wilfried Brutsaert

1971-01-01

450

Increased sensitivity of tissues to stimuli in an autotransplanted limb  

Microsoft Academic Search

120 experiments were made on 20 dogs to study the effect of adrenalin, acetylcholine, caffeine and sodium bromide (subcutaneous and intravenous) on the rheobase and chronaxie of motor nerves and muscles in healthy and autotransplanted limbs. The sensibility of denervated tissues towards the mentioned agents was shown to be increased and of a different nature; it decreased as the tissues'

E. V. Gurova

1957-01-01

451

Influence of Model Physics on NWP Forecasts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module describes model parameterizations of sub-surface, boundary-layer,and free atmospheric processes, such as surface snow processes, soil characteristics, vegetation, evapotranspiration, PBL processes and parameterizations, and trace gases, and their interaction with the radiative transfer process. It specifically addresses how models treat these physical processes and how they can influence forecasts of sensible weather elements.

Spangler, Tim

1999-11-24

452

VAIK? DARŽELIO PEDAGOGIKOS SPECIALYB?S STUDENTAI KAIP MENO DALYK? UGDYTOJAI  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we report formation and testing of a new model focusing on kindergarten teachers' work contentment, work sensibility, and generally work satisfaction as art educators. The model is ba- sed on work satisfactory research in connection with self-conception and motivation models. It is built on three elements which are in strong interaction with each other. The most important

Heikki Ruismäki; Antti Juvonen

453

Conceptualizing Learning from the Everyday Activities of Digital Kids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates the intensified engagement that youth are having with digital technologies and introduces a framework for examining digital fluency—the competencies, new representational practises, design sensibilities, ownership, and strategic expertise that a learner gains or demonstrates by using digital tools to gather, design, evaluate, critique, synthesize, and develop digital media artefacts, communication messages, or other electronic expressions. A primary

Sherry Hsi

2007-01-01

454

THE EOSINOPHIL LEUCOCYTES AFTER FRACTIONATED SHORT PERIOD WHOLE BODY IRRADIATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author indicates the blood picture changes by means of average ; values that have been found with 20 rats after undergoing fractionated short-time ; irradiations of the whole body of doses that amounted to 50 r five tlmes, and ; were applied within 14 days. The special sensibility of the eosinophil ; leucocytes, even towards fractionated irradiation, is stressed.

Widmann

1958-01-01

455

Remote measurement of energy and carbon flux from wildfires in ...  

Treesearch

... Photo and Video Gallery, Publications, Recreational Activities, Research and ... Description: Temperature, intensity, spread, and dimensions of fires burning in ... first in situ airborne measurements of sensible heat and carbon fluxes in fire plumes ... These estimators provide a means to determine rates of fuel consumption ...

456

The surface energy, water, carbon flux and their intercorrelated seasonality in a global climate-vegetation coupled model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sensible and latent heat fluxes, representatives of the physical exchange processes of energy and water between land and air, are the two crucial variables controlling the surface energy partitioning related to temperature and humidity. The net primary production (NPP), the major carbon flux exchange between vegetation and atmosphere, is of great importance for the terrestrial ecosystem carbon cycle. The

Li Dan; Jinjun Ji

2007-01-01

457

The Teaching of Modern English Prose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher of English prose is responsible for teaching students three skills: the ability to react with appropriate sensibility to prose literature, the ability to understand written prose, and the ability to write prose that can be understood. A study of the precision and demands of the best modern novelists (Joyce, Lawrence, Woolf, Faulkner,…

Gordon, Ian A.

1967-01-01

458

Extended Fuzzy C-Means and Genetic Algorithms to Optimize Power Flow Management in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for personal transportation must be harmonized by considering the impact of so huge number of vehicles on the environment. The adoption of hybrid electric vehicles can provide a sensible improvement from an environmental viewpoint, but at the same time makes more difficult the definition and implementation of the overall powertrain control mechanism. In fact, powertrain control problems are

Lucio Ippolito; Vincenzo Loia; Pierluigi Siano

2003-01-01

459

Fuel Ethanol from Agricultural Crops. A Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For oil-importing countries with surplus capacity for production of agricultural crops, the conversion of sugar or starch containing biomass to ethanol for fuel use appears to be a sensible supplement to other ways of reducing the strain on trade balance ...

1981-01-01

460

A Non-parametric Dirichlet Process Prior specified for Premiums based on Automobile Insurance Data (3rd Conference in Actuarial Science and Finance,SAMOS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the techniques that can be considered typically non-life actuarial is experience rating by credibility theory. In particular credibility theory, statistical methods with a Bayesian flavor have long been used in the insurance industry as part of the process of estimating risks and setting premiums. The Bayesian approach can be used to devise prediction procedures that are more sensible

Albertus L. Pretorius; Abrie J. van der Merwe

461

Making Foreign Investment Safe: Property Rights and National Sovereignty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1980s and 1990s brought new protections to foreign investors in risky countries. Yet, the assurances failed to meet investors needs, imposed sometimes inordinate costs on poor countries, and widely rankled nationalistic sensibilities. The book's case histories suggest reforms for international arbitration and official investment insurance and offer lessons for managers who want to make their investments more secure. Available

Louis T. Wells; Rafiq Ahmed

462

Efficient Computation of Minimum Exposure Paths in a Sensor Network Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exposure of a path p is a measure of the likelihood that an object traveling along p is detected by a network of sensors and it is formally defined as an integral over all points x of p of the sensibility (the strength of the signal coming from x) times the element of path length. The minimum exposure path

Hristo N. Djidjev

2007-01-01

463

Humanity and nature in light of recent bishops' pastoral letters and trends in ecological theology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scientists agree that overconsumption, the exploitation of resources, pollution, and overpopulation deplete the life sources of land, sea, and air, and cause the extinction of many species. The Pope and the bishops in their recent letters from both the first and third world set out goals that challenge us to create a new ecological sensibility that addresses our destructive,

Suzanne E Franck

2006-01-01

464

Jane Austen and celebrity culture: Shakespeare, Dorothy Jordan and Elizabeth Bennet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jane Austen imitated Shakespeare throughout her entire career, from Sense and Sensibility to Sanditon. To make up her characters, she mapped material from Shakespeare and other authors on to family members and celebrities. For Elizabeth Bennet, I argue that she remembered Dorothy Jordan, the most famous comic actress of her day. Jordan was particularly renowned for her roles in Much

Jocelyn Margaret Harris

2010-01-01

465

Sun: Friend and Foe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the benefits and hazards that the sun provides. Describes activities which focus on the power of the sun and on the development of "Sun-sensible" behavior. Also included is a poster which contains puzzles and additional information and activities on safe sunning. (ML)

Froschauer, Linda K.; Boudrot, Barbara

1986-01-01

466

Doing Better with Less Energy: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New energy-responsible buildings will not only use less energy, but will be more comfortable, more closely attuned to nature, and will create a better learning and living environment. The most cost-effective planning decisions have to do with good passive solar design and sensible operations. (MLW)

Brubaker, C. William

1982-01-01

467

Investigation of Initial Fouling Rates of Calcium Sulfate Solutions under Non-Boiling Conditions (Work-in-Progress)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study initiates an experimental investigation of how process variables such as temperature and velocity affect the initial precipitation fouling rate of the inverse solubility salt, calcium sulfate, under sensible heating conditions. The effect of fluid velocity and temperature on the delay time is also being measured.

Feridoun Fahiminia; A. Paul Watkinson; Norman Epstein

2004-01-01

468

A Method of Style Discrimination of Oil Painting Based on 3D Range Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted an experiment about “Kansei”, which is sensibility of each person. Our goal was to extract an artist's style in the oil painting. A style is determined by color skill and other key elements. Our methods paid particular attention to the characteristics of touch, one of the skills. Texture of the oil painting is very different from watercolor painting

Naoya Masuda; Kazuhiko Yamamoto; Kunihito Kato; Hideki Tanahashi

2001-01-01

469

A small aircraft gust-probe system for studies of boundary layer convection and transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of large multiengine aircraft for simpler or relatively local experiments is impractical. For such investigations, small aircraft are most cost-effective and mobile, and they may readily be equipped with only the limited instrumentation required for the specific experiment. An airborne gust probe system for measuring atmospheric eddy motions and corresponding fluxes of sensible heat, water vapor or latent

R. O. Gilmer; R. E. McGavin; R. F. Reinking

1978-01-01

470

Kripke on Color Words and the Primary\\/Secondary Quality Distinction  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. The Lockean primary\\/secondary quality distinction and Kripke's reaction to it. Many philosophers have thought that the sensible properties of objects divide into two very different kinds. For these philosophers, determinate properties of color, sound, heat or cold, taste and smell are in a way subjective or less real than properties such as solidity and determinate shape, motion and mass.

MARIO GÓMEZ-TORRENTE

471

MODIFICATION OF A GAUSS DISPERSION MODEL FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF ODOUR SENSATION IN THE VICINITY OF LIVESTOCK BUILDINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentration of odoriphores can be handled like other volatile pollutants. The dispersion of airborne emissions can be described by dispersion models (eg Gaussian model). To apply a dispersion model to odour emissions, the odour concentration and the volume flow of the outlet air have to be known. The emission model is based on a steady-state balance of the sensible

G. Schauberger; M. Piringer; E. Petz

472

Letter To My Daughter: The Art of True Conversation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five types of social talk are identified as self-expression, recreating information, competition, expressions of curiosity, and entertainment; then, social talk is dismissed as insufficient to keep one truly alive. Spirit talk--comprised of emotional generosity, the search for solutions, and the pursuit of mystery--sharpens the sensibilities,…

Gatto, John Taylor

1997-01-01

473

Engaging Teachers in Ed Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher engagement is crucial to the success of education reforms. Not only can teachers serve as policymakers' eyes and ears on the ground, sharing firsthand knowledge of challenges in the classroom, but their advocacy can be instrumental to passing smart, sensible policies, and their buy-in can make or break reform implementation. Ongoing…

Steans, Robin

2012-01-01

474

Commentary: Implementation, Sustainability, and Scaling up in School Contexts--Can School Psychology Make the Shift?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of a broader focus on prevention and school psychology, there is no question that Elias, Zins, Graczyk, and Weissberg (2003) raise key issues in the movement toward a sensible approach to creating school and classroom environments that are responsive to children's developmental needs. The Elias et al. article argues convincingly for…

Pianta, Robert C.

2003-01-01

475

Energy Dependence of the gamma Detection Efficiency for CaSO sub 4 (Dy) and BaSO sub 4 (Dy) Thermoluminescent Detectors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the work was to make thermoluminescent detector with abnormal sensibility to low energy gamma-rays. Detectors made of BaSO sub 4 (Dy) phosphorus were synthesized. Response functions of BaSO sub 4 (Dy) and CaSO sub 4 (Dy) detectors were measured...

V. I. Tsovbun Y. Khenniger Kho Gi Khon

1983-01-01

476

Acquiring Double Images: White Preservice Teachers Locating Themselves in a Raced World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, Barbara Seidl and Stephen Hancock introduce the concept of a double image, which they argue is central to the development of a mature, antiracist identity for White people. Similar in some ways to Dubois's (1903) concept of "double consciousness," a double image is a sensibility or consciousness that gives White people a deeper…

Seidl, Barbara L.; Hancock, Stephen D.

2011-01-01

477

Remaining phosphorus and sodium fluoride pH in soils with different clay contents and clay mineralogies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The remaining phosphorus (Prem) has been used for estimating the phosphorus buffer capacity (PBC) of soils of some Brazilian regions. Furthermore, the remaining phosphorus can also be used for estimating P, S and Zn soil critical levels determined with PBC-sensible extractants and for defining P and S levels to be used not only in P and S adsorption studies but

Marcelo Eduardo Alves; Arquimedes Lavorenti

2004-01-01

478

Model correction control strategy for direct drive permanent magnet synchronous motor servo system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it has many advantages such as high mechanical rigidity, fast dynamic response and high efficiency, a direct drive permanent magnet synchronous servo motor is sensible to non-linearity, variety of parameter and external disturbance. This paper presents a model correction control strategy, which corrects the unmodeled dynamics of control system and suppresses disturbances by a unique control structure with a

Liangsong Huang; Daokui Qu; Fang Xu

2010-01-01

479

Trajan's Rome: The Man, the City, the Empire. A Unit of Study for Grades 6-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The integration of the study of art and history in a broad context of social, cultural, and political meaning cultivates a students' creative, aesthetic, critical and art historical sensibilities. This unit of study explores the time of the Roman Emperor Trajan, the decades from A.D. 98 to 180, a period considered to be the height of civilization.…

Anderson, Stephen S.; Flanders, Claudia; Landers, David

480

Facebook: The New Classroom Commons?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been much discussion about the issue of boundaries on Facebook. Some suggest faculty members can resolve potential dilemmas in relation to students by making sensible decisions about what to post and by fine-tuning privacy settings. But the challenges and opportunities run deeper. For those who want to be appropriately accessible to…

Schwartz, Harriet L.

2010-01-01

481

Development of Incipient Slip Measurement System for Walking Analysis with High-speed Camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a method of measuring the incipient slip of the sole in order to clarify the relation between a plantar tactile sensibility and a stabilization mechanism for a slip. The incipient slip measuring device for walking analysis by using high-speed cameras and acceleration sensor is developed. The measurement device can be measured the plantar skin deformation during a

H. Uno; H. Takemura; H. Mizoguchi; T. Ogasawara

2006-01-01

482

Parameterization of subsurface heating for soil and concrete using net radiation data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The variability of surface sensible heat flux depends strongly on the heating rate of the material beneath the surface. This variability is expected to be large in urban areas where the surfaces are layered with a variety of man-made materials. Parameterization of the ground heat storage as a function of surface materials is presented based on analyses of data obtained

Dennis Doll; J. K. S. Ching; Jack Kaneshiro

1985-01-01

483

One world versus many: the inadequacy of Everettian accounts of evolution, probability, and scientific confirmation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a compelling intellectual case for exploring whether purely unitary quantum theory defines a sensible and scientifically adequate theory, as Everett originally proposed. Many different and incompatible attempts to define a coherent Everettian quantum theory have been made over the past fifty years. However, no known version of the theory (unadorned by extra ad hoc postulates) can account for

Adrian Kent

2009-01-01

484

Experimental use of Land Surface Models in the La Plata Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil moisture is a key variable that controls the partitioning between sensible and latent heat flux, and under favorable conditions, it can modulate precipitation. The overlying boundary layer can be affected by soil moisture anomalies when persisting for an enough period of time. Several studies have shown the influence of surface processes in the South American atmospheric circulation and precipitation

L. Goncalves; J. Z. de Mattos; L. F. Sapucci; D. L. Herdies; E. H. Berbery

2009-01-01

485

A theory for the scalar roughness and the scalar transfer coefficients over snow and sea ice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the bulk aerodynamic transfer coefficients for sensible (CH) and latent (CE) heat over snow and sea ice surfaces are necessary for accurately modeling the surface energy budget, they have been measured rarely. This paper, therefore, presents a theoretical model that predicts neutral-stability values of CH and CE as functions of the wind speed and a surface roughness parameter. The

Edgar L. Andreas

1987-01-01

486

BAD ENDINGS: American Apocalypsis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Apocalypticism and millennialism are the dark and light sides of a historical sensibility transfixed by the possibility of imminent catastrophe, cosmic redemption, spiritual transformation, and a new world order. This essay briefly surveys work by anthropologists and like-minded scholars that focuses directly on endtime movements. It then reviews at more length a varied literature focusing on American apocalypticisms and

Kathleen Stewart; Susan Harding

1999-01-01

487

Domain Conditions in Social Choice Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wulf Gaertner provides a comprehensive account of an important and complex issue within social choice theory: how to establish a social welfare function while restricting the spectrum of individual preferences in a sensible way. Gaertner's starting point is K. J. Arrow's famous 'Impossibility Theorem', which showed that no welfare function could exist if an unrestricted domain of preferences is to

Wulf Gaertner

2001-01-01

488

Recent Consideration of World Government in the IR Literature: A Critical Appraisal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because recent contributions on world government in the international relations (IR) literature have focused on relatively nebulous issues, they are of limited usefulness for illuminating whether or not an actual world government would advance the human prospect. This question cannot be sensibly addressed unless in the light of a specific institutional proposal. Along the authority-effectiveness continuum separating the relatively ineffectual

James A. Yunker

2011-01-01

489

ARE SINGLE-SOURCE, REMOTE-SENSING SURFACE-FLUX MODELS TOO SIMPLE?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Both one-source and two-source parameterizations of surface sensible heat flux exchange using radiometric surface temperature have been proposed. Although one-source algorithms may provide reliable heat fluxes, they often require field calibration and hence are unable to accommodate the diverse ran...

490

The seasonal water and energy exchange above and within a boreal aspen forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

The seasonal water and energy exchange of a boreal aspen forest underlain by a hazelnut understory is described. Measurements of above-aspen latent and sensible heat, short-wave and net radiation, and photosynthetically active radiation are compared to those measured above the hazelnut understory. Understory radiation measurements were made using a tram system. Energy storage at each measurement height was determined, and

P. D. Blanken; T. A. Black; H. H. Neumann; G. den Hartog; P. C. Yang; Z. Nesic; X. Lee

2001-01-01

491

A pasture simulation model for dry matter production, and fluxes of carbon, nitrogen, water and energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mechanistically based ecosystem model for managed productive pastures was developed to simulate the annual production of plant biomass and the nitrogen balance, and seasonal patterns of growth, and of fluxes of latent, sensible and soil heat. The model is composed of submodels for plant growth, microclimate, soil biology, and soil physics. At a time step of one hour, above-

Marcel Riedo; Anton Grub; Marc Rosset; Jürg Fuhrer

1998-01-01

492

Reconciling the Self and Morality: An Empirical Model of Moral Centrality Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-interest and moral sensibilities generally compete with one another, but for moral exemplars, this tension appears to not be in play. This study advances the reconciliation model, which explains this anomaly within a developmental framework by positing that the relationship between the self’s interests and moral concerns ideally transforms from one of mutual competition to one of synergy. The degree

Jeremy A. Frimer; Lawrence J. Walker

2009-01-01

493

Aerodynamic Optimization of a Solar - Bio Diesel Hybrid Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy efficiency is the most critical aspect for a successful solar powered automobile and much can be gained from the reduction of aer odynamic drag on such a vehicle. Yet, for a solar car to be practical to the everyday driver, it has to be ergonomically feasible, financially sensible, and aesthetically pleasing. This research compares aerodynamic drag calculations produced by

Neal A. Allgood

494

Set Point Identification and Robustness Testing of Electrostatic Separation Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of the optimal operating conditions and evaluation of their robustness are critical issues for the industrial application of electrostatic separation techniques. In spite of extensive investigations performed in recent years, no standard procedure is available for guiding the research of the set point and for minimizing the process sensibility to changes in certain critical factors. The aim of this

Karim Medles; Amar Tilmatine; Farid Miloua; Abdelber Bendaoud; Mohamed Younes; Mostfa Rahli; Lucian Dascalescu

2007-01-01

495

Set point identification and robustness testing of electrostatic separation processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of the optimal operating conditions and evaluation of their robustness are critical issues for the industrial application of the electrostatic separation techniques. In spite of extensive investigations performed during recent years, no standard procedure is available for guiding the research of the set point and for minimizing the process sensibility to changes in certain critical factors. The aim of

Karim Medles; Amar Tilmatine; Farid Miloua; Abdelber Bendaoud; Mohamed Younes; Mostéfa Rahli; Lucian Dascalescu

2004-01-01

496

Microwave–vacuum drying kinetics of carrot slices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The kinetics of microwave–vacuum drying of thin layer carrot slices was studied by introducing a theoretical model. The model is based on the energy conservation of sensible heat, latent heat and source heat of microwave power. The model was tested with data produced in a lab microwave–vacuum dryer in which the materials to be dried could rotate in the cavity.

Zheng-Wei Cui; Shi-Ying Xu; Da-Wen Sun

2004-01-01

497

Solar heat conversion panel and method of assembly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The panel for converting solar energy to sensible heat of a working fluid comprises a thermally-insulated and impervious base member overlayed with and spaced from a solar-collecting member or collector. The collector is in turn overlayed with and spaced from a pair of mutually spaced impervious films which are essentially transparent to incident solar radiation and substantially opaque to radiation

C. A. Homsy; P. T. Homsy

1981-01-01

498

Bending relaxation properties of human hair and permanent waving performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

between the change of the bending stiffness and that of the extensional stress during reduction suggests that a non-uniform Young's modulus distribution is induced in the fiber during the reducing step. The evalua- tion of two simple types of distributions (linear and quadratic) leads to results that are consistent with the experimental data, giving sensible estimates for the local moduli

F.-J. WORTMANN; I Aachen; N. KURE; Bunka Sumida-ku

499

Pudendal nerve decompression in perineology : a case series  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Perineodynia (vulvodynia, perineal pain, proctalgia), anal and urinary incontinence are the main symptoms of the pudendal canal syndrome (PCS) or entrapment of the pudendal nerve. The first aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of bilateral pudendal nerve decompression (PND) on the symptoms of the PCS, on three clinical signs (abnormal sensibility, painful Alcock's canal, painful \\

Jacques Beco; Daniela Climov; Michèle Bex

2004-01-01

500

Antioxidant supplementation and endurance training: Win or loss?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Typically, free radicals are thought of as perpetrators of cell damage, ageing, even cancer, whereas antioxidants are seen as the defence against these threats. Accordingly, antioxidants are among the most common sports supplements used by amateur and professional athletes. However, the sensibility of this practice has recently been challenged in the scientific literature. This article briefly summarizes both positive and

Micah Gross; Oliver Baum; Hans Hoppeler

2011-01-01