Note: This page contains sample records for the topic ten-year follow-up study from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Follow-up study of ten-year-old boys with police records  

Microsoft Academic Search

A follow-up study was made of 207 boys who as ten-year-olds in 1948 had been the subjects of complaints to the Detroit police. Only 43 of this group had been in trouble with the police during 1950. The items recorded at the time of the first contact which proved predictive of repeating were (a) having 2 or more brothers, (b)

William W. Wattenberg; Frank Quiroz

1953-01-01

2

Radiological progression and lung function in silicosis: a ten year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chest radiographs and spirometric tests were performed on 81 patients who had silicosis from two granite quarries in 1975, 73 of whom were followed up for two to 10 (mean 7.2) years. Each patient's initial and most recent chest radiographs were assessed independently by three experienced readers, and the yearly declines in forced expiratory volume in one second and forced

T P Ng; S L Chan; K P Lam

1987-01-01

3

Ten-Year Follow-Up Study of Patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lit tie fol low-up data has been pub lished on in di vid u als with dissociative iden tity dis or der (DID). In this study, DID was di agnosed in 25 pa tients by two sea soned dissociative dis or der clinician\\/researchers be ginning in 1986. The initial evaluationin cludedacomprehensive med i cal and psy chi at ric eval

Philip M. Coons; Eliz abeth S. Bowman

2001-01-01

4

Executive functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorder patients and their unaffected siblings: a ten-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Executive dysfunction represents a core deficit that is associated with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). However, the longitudinal course of executive deficits in SSDs is still controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the executive performance of 34 SSD patients in relation to 34 of their unaffected siblings over a period of 10 years. Both groups completed psychopathological and executive assessments. Thirteen healthy controls were assessed using the same instruments. At baseline, the SSD patients differed significantly from siblings and controls in their performance on the Trail Making Test-B (TMT-B) and the number of categories in which they succeeded in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). They also differed significantly from the controls in the total number of errors in the WCST. The siblings did not differ in executive functioning from the controls over the follow-up. Longitudinally, the patients demonstrated significant improvement only for the TMT-B. However, only 14.71% of the patients showed reliable and clinically significant improvements for the TMT-B, and 8.82% made more errors on the WCST at the follow-up evaluation. Less than 3% of the patients showed either improved or worse results on the remaining measures of the WCST. A stabilisation pattern for the WCST was observed in the three groups. The patients performed worse than their siblings and controls on both executive tests. Some patients exhibited significant improvements in the TMT-B over time, but this improvement was reliable and clinically significant for less than 15% of the sample. Thus, we conclude that the patients exhibited stable impairments over time in the executive functions assessed. PMID:23265775

Sánchez-Torres, Ana M; Basterra, Virginia; Moreno-Izco, Lucía; Rosa, Araceli; Fañanás, Lourdes; Zarzuela, Amalia; Peralta, Victor; Cuesta, Manuel J

2012-12-21

5

Ten-year follow-up study of thyroid function in euthyroid patients with simple goiter or Hashimoto's thyroiditis.  

PubMed

In an attempt to study the natural course of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and simple goiter, 74 euthryroid patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 212 patients with simple goiter were followed for 10 years. In 204 patients with simple goiter (96.2%) it remained as a simple goiter throughout the observation period, whereas 8 patients (3.8%) later had Hashimoto's thyroiditis as evidenced by the appearance of circulating thyroid autoantibodies. These 8 patients had HLA typing significantly different from that of control subjects. None of the patients with simple goiter had hyperthyroid Graves' disease despite the fact that 17.5% of those patients had mild to moderate exophthalmos with either Moebius' sign or von Graefe's sign. In contrast, 12 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (16.2%) had exophthalmos with Moebius' sign and/or von Graefe's sign, and 4 of 12 such patients later had hyperthyroid Graves' disease. TSH binding inhibitory immunoglobulin was detected in 3 of 4 such patients with hyperthyroid Graves' disease. Forty-nine patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (66.2%) still remained euthyroid but 20 of those (27.0%) turned into hypothyroidism during the 10-year follow-up. PMID:7647404

Sato, A; Aizawa, T; Koizumi, Y; Komiya, I; Ichikawa, K; Takemura, Y; Yamada, T

1995-05-01

6

Can we predict long-term sequelae after fractures of the clavicle based on initial findings? A prospective study with nine to ten years of follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this long-term, prospective study was to identify risk factors associated with the outcome of clavicular fractures. During 1989 through 1991, 245 patients aged 15 years or older with a radiographically verified fracture of the clavicle were included. Clinical and radiographic examinations were standardized. Of the 208 patients seen at the 9- to 10-year follow-up, 112 (54%) had

Jan Nowak; Margareta Holgersson; Sune Larsson

2004-01-01

7

Randomized Trial of Treatment for Children With Sexual Behavior Problems: Ten-Year Follow-Up  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study prospectively follows 135 children 5–12 years of age with sexual behavior problems from a randomized trial comparing a 12-session group cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) with group play therapy and follows 156 general clinic children with nonsexual behavior problems. Ten-year follow-up data on future juvenile and adult arrests and child welfare perpetration reports were collected. The CBT group had significantly

Melissa Y. Carpentier; Jane F. Silovsky; Mark Chaffin

2006-01-01

8

Parental and peer influences on smoking among young adults: ten-year follow-up of the Oslo youth study participants.  

PubMed

This study was designed to investigate the impact of family and peer role models during the early adolescent years on smoking onset and on subsequent daily smoking among young adults. Baseline data were collected from a sample of 827 students and their parents in 1979. Participating students were recruited among 5th, 6th and 7th graders (11-14 years old) attending six schools in Oslo, Norway. The same students were invited to participate in a 2-year follow-up survey in 1981 and in a 10-year follow-up survey in 1989 when their average age was 23.4 years. Both at baseline and in 1981, smoking (experimental or regular) was strongly associated with smoking behaviour of friends and siblings. Parental smoking and parents' educational level were not significant predictors of their offspring's smoking in 1979. While friends' smoking in 1979 or 1981 remained a significant bivariate predictor of daily smoking in 1989, mother's baseline smoking emerged, in multivariate analysis, as the most important long-term predictor of daily smoking among young adults. These results point to the importance of including parents in smoking prevention efforts targeting adolescents. PMID:7773119

Oygard, L; Klepp, K I; Tell, G S; Vellar, O D

1995-04-01

9

Ten-year follow-up of 50 patients with bulimia nervosa.  

PubMed

Long-term outcome studies for people suffering from bulimia nervosa are few. Ten years after presentation, we followed up 50 patients (49 women, 1 man) who were originally involved in a double-blind, controlled trial of the antidepressant mianserin. Standardised interviews and questionnaires were used to assess eating attitudes and behaviour, psychiatric status and social functioning. A DSM-III-R diagnosis was given where appropriate. Sufficient information to make a diagnosis was obtained for 44 subjects (88%). Of patients traced, 52% had recovered fully and only 9% continued to suffer the full syndrome; 39% continued to experience some symptoms. Significant predictors of favourable outcome were younger age at onset, higher social class and a family history of alcohol abuse. Outcome for bulimia nervosa continues to improve over ten years with the majority of patients eventually making a full recovery or suffering only moderate abnormalities in eating attitudes. Although predictors of recovery were few, it would appear that intervention has a significant impact on ultimate outcome. PMID:8137114

Collings, S; King, M

1994-01-01

10

Five to Ten Years Follow-up after Coiling of 241 Patients with Acutely Ruptured Aneurysms  

PubMed Central

Summary Endovascular treatment has assumed a role of first choice in the management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. We describe the clinical and morphological data after the treatment of 258 ruptured intracranial aneurysms in 241 patients, in order to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of the endovascular treatment. Two hundred and forty-one patients with saccular ruptured aneurysms were treated at our institution between 2000 and 2005. After the endovascular treatment a clinical and angiographic follow-up was conducted. The clinical follow-up was carried out with a medical examination and telephonic interviews and mRS was used for evaluation. Two hundred and forty-nine acutely ruptured aneurysms were successfully treated and immediately after the endovascular procedure 81.9% of the aneurysms resulted completely occluded, 12.1% had a residual neck and 6% revealed a residual sac. The evolution of each grade was evaluated at six months and two years. During the follow-up we observed five early and one late re-bleedings. Twenty-four patients underwent a second procedure. After the discharge and up to ten years 73.1% of patients had a good clinical outcome (mRS0-1), 8.9% died and the remainder showed moderate-severe disability (mRS2-3). The long-term stability of the anatomical result is a critical issue of this approach because eventual re-bleedings may occur even after several months or years. A careful clinical and radiological follow-up for up to two years after the embolization may prevent recurrences but may not be sufficient.

Consoli, A.; Renieri, L.; Mura, R.; Nappini, S.; Ricciardi, F.; Pecchioli, G.; Ammannati, F.; Mangiafico, S.

2012-01-01

11

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up

Michael B. Pitton; Tobias Scheschkowski; Markus Ring; Sascha Herber; Katja Oberholzer; Annegret Leicher-Dueber; Achim Neufang; Walther Schmiedt; Christoph Dueber

2009-01-01

12

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term\\u000a follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage.\\u000a From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 ± 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated\\u000a with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits,

Michael B. Pitton; Tobias Scheschkowski; Markus Ring; Sascha Herber; Katja Oberholzer; Annegret Leicher-Düber; Achim Neufang; Walther Schmiedt; Christoph Düber

2009-01-01

13

Ten-year follow-up of endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 +/- 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 +/- 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 +/- 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 +/- 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks (Delta at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not. PMID:19636615

Pitton, Michael B; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Düber, Annegret; Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther; Düber, Christoph

2009-07-28

14

Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 {+-} 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 {+-} 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 {+-} 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 {+-} 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P < 0.01). Patients in whom all aneurysm side branches were occluded prior to stent-grafting showed a significantly reduced incidence of large endoleaks. Endoleaks >10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks ({Delta} at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not.

Pitton, Michael B., E-mail: pitton@radiologie.klinik.uni-mainz.de; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Dueber, Annegret [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Germany); Dueber, Christoph [University Hospital of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

2009-09-15

15

Family religion and psychopathology in children of depressed mothers: Ten-year follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background Previously we found that transmission of religion from mother to adult offspring as measured by correlations on ratings of personal importance of religion and frequency of attendance at religious services was hindered by maternal depression. Concordance of denomination, a measure indicating successful transmission of denomination within a mother and offspring pair, was associated with a 71% decreased risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) in offspring. This study attempts to replicate the findings in a younger generation of mothers who were the original offspring or spouse of the original offspring in the previous study, and their offspring. Methods Mothers (N=45) and offspring (N=78) were assessed for MDD and anxiety using semi-structured clinical interviews (The Diagnostic Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Modified for the Anxiety Disorders) at two points across a ten-year interval. Religiosity was assessed by report of personal spirituality, frequency of attendance at religious services, and religious denomination Results Results partially replicate previous findings that maternal depression hinders the transmission of importance but not attendance or denomination to offspring. Concordance of denomination is protective, decreasing by 91% the likelihood of childhood anxiety or depression, independent of maternal depression. Limitations include small sample size that represents few denominations, limited assessments of religiosity, and inability to control for the possible confound of a close relationship between mother and offspring in our analyses. Conclusions Family agreement and practice of religious denomination may be a robust protective source from MDD or anxiety for youth, independent of the effects of maternal depression.

Jacobs, Martha; Miller, Lisa; Wickramaratne, Priya; Gameroff, Marc; Weissman, Myrna M.

2012-01-01

16

Ten-Year Follow-Up of the First Megatrial Testing Thrombolytic Therapy in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results of the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto-1 Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—We conducted a 10-year follow-up of the 11 712 patients with acute myocardial infarction randomized in the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto-1 study, the first large trial assessing thrombolytic therapy. Methods and Results—Information on survival at 10 years was obtained for the 93% of all randomized patients through the census offices of their towns of residence. The

Maria Grazia; De Vita; Enrico Geraci; Antonio Lotto; Aldo P. Maggioni; Francesco Mauri; Fausto Rovelli; Gianni Tognoni; Maria Grazia Franzosi; Mario Negri

17

Ten-year follow-up of thyroid epidemiology in Slovenia after increase in salt iodization  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess iodine supply and follow thyroid epidemiology for ten years after an iodine increase from 10 to 25 mg of potassium iodide per kilogram of salt in 1999. Methods In 2002 and 2003, we determined the thyroid size by palpation and ultrasound and measured urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in 676 schoolchildren from 34 schools throughout Slovenia. From 1999 to 2009, we followed the incidence of diffuse and nodular goiter, thyroid autonomy, Graves’ disease, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis among adults in the stable catchment area of the University Medical Centre Ljubljana with 1?000?000 inhabitants. Results In children, only 1% had a goiter grade 2 (visible and palpable thyroid gland), median thyroid volume was 5.8 mL, and median UIC was 148 µg/L. In adults, the incidence of diffuse goiter and thyroid autonomy decreased significantly (2009 vs 1999, rate ratio [RR], 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.12-0.21 and RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.62-0.86, respectively), with a lower incidence in younger participants in 2009 (P?

Zaletel, Katja; Gaberscek, Simona; Pirnat, Edvard; Krhin, Blaz; Hojker, Sergej

2011-01-01

18

Graft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation: ten years of follow-up.  

PubMed

Previously we reported the presence of portal fibrosis in 31% (n = 84) of the grafts in protocol biopsies 1 year after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx). To assess the natural history of graft fibrosis after pediatric liver transplantation, we extended the analysis of graft histology in follow-up protocol biopsy specimens obtained 5 and 10 years after transplantation. We correlated histological results with clinical parameters at the time of LTx and during follow-up, to allow identification of risk factors for the development of fibrosis. From 1 year to 5 years after LTx, the prevalence of fibrosis increased from 31% to 65% (n = 66) but remained stable thereafter (at 10 years, 69%, n = 55). At 10 years after LTx, however, the percentage of patients with severe fibrosis had increased from 10% (at 5 years) to 29%. Of the 69% of children without fibrosis at 1 year post-transplantation, 64% (n = 39) had developed some degree of fibrosis at 10 years. Fibrosis was strongly related to transplant-related factors such as prolonged cold ischemia time, young age at the time of transplantation, high donor/recipient age ratio, and the use of partial grafts (P < 0.05). Fibrosis was not significantly related to rejection, chronic hepatitis, or the nature of the immunosuppressive therapy. Conclusion: Biopsies after pediatric LTx show that most grafts developed fibrosis within 5 years. At 10 years after LTx, the graft fibrosis had progressed to severe fibrosis in at least 25% of the patients. Development of fibrosis, starting either before or after the first year post-LTx, was strongly related to transplant-related factors, indicating the importance of these factors to long-term graft prognosis. PMID:19101912

Scheenstra, Rene; Peeters, Paul M G J; Verkade, Henkjan J; Gouw, Annette S H

2009-03-01

19

Ten-year follow-up of photorefractive keratectomy for myopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term (10-year) outcome of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on\\u000a myopic eyes.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This retrospective study included 42 eyes of 29 patients (13 male, 16 female; mean age 33.4 years, range 21 to 60) who were\\u000a treated with myopic PRK at St. Luke’s International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan, from May 1 1995 to December

Junko Koshimizu; Raksha Dhanuka; Tatsuo Yamaguchi

2010-01-01

20

Emerging pathogens in cystic fibrosis: ten years of follow-up in a cohort of patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), there is an increasing incidence of some uncommon respiratory pathogens, such as Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, and Achromobacter xylosoxidans. In order to evaluate the prevalence and the clinical impact of these pathogens, we retrospectively studied a total of 109\\u000a patients followed in our center from 1996 to 2006 and reviewed the results

L. Spicuzza; C. Sciuto; G. Vitaliti; G. Di Dio; S. Leonardi; M. La Rosa

2009-01-01

21

Five to ten years follow-up after coiling of 241 patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms. A single centre experience.  

PubMed

Endovascular treatment has assumed a role of first choice in the management of ruptured intracranial aneurysms. We describe the clinical and morphological data after the treatment of 258 ruptured intracranial aneurysms in 241 patients, in order to evaluate the safety and the efficacy of the endovascular treatment. Two hundred and forty-one patients with saccular ruptured aneurysms were treated at our institution between 2000 and 2005. After the endovascular treatment a clinical and angiographic follow-up was conducted. The clinical follow-up was carried out with a medical examination and telephonic interviews and mRS was used for evaluation. Two hundred and forty-nine acutely ruptured aneurysms were successfully treated and immediately after the endovascular procedure 81.9% of the aneurysms resulted completely occluded, 12.1% had a residual neck and 6% revealed a residual sac. The evolution of each grade was evaluated at six months and two years. During the follow-up we observed five early and one late re-bleedings. Twenty-four patients underwent a second procedure. After the discharge and up to ten years 73.1% of patients had a good clinical outcome (mRS0-1), 8.9% died and the remainder showed moderate-severe disability (mRS2-3). The long-term stability of the anatomical result is a critic-al issue of this approach because eventual re-bleedings may occur even after several months or years. A careful clinical and radiological follow-up for up to two years after the embolization may prevent recurrences but may not be sufficient. PMID:22440595

Consoli, A; Renieri, L; Mura, R; Nappini, S; Ricciardi, F; Pecchioli, G; Ammannati, F; Mangiafico, S

2012-03-16

22

Ten-Year Follow-up of Laser In Situ Keratomileusis for Myopia of up to 10 Diopters  

Microsoft Academic Search

? PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia of up to 10 diopters (D). ? DESIGN: A long-term (10-year) follow-up retrospec- tive, interventional case series. ? METHODS: The study included 97 eyes of 70 patients with a preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of up to 10 D treated with myopic LASIK at the Instituto

JORGE L. ALIÓ; ORKUN MUFTUOGLU; DOLORES ORTIZ; JUAN JOSE PÉREZ-SANTONJA; ALBERTO ARTOLA; MARIA JOSE AYALA; MARIA JOSE GARCIA; GRACIA CASTRO DE LUNA

23

Regenerative Treatment of a Cemental Tear Using Enamel Matrix Derivatives: a Ten-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

A patient presented with chronic periapical periodontitis on tooth 45. The root canal was re-treated and a wide apical perforation was closed with MTA® as an apical plug. At reevaluation six month later, the tooth presented with increased mobility, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depths of 9 mm. Despite good periapical healing radio graphically, the tooth showed signs of localized marginal bone loss that was diagnosed as being due to a cemental fracture. The tooth was splinted, a muco-periostal flap was raised and the fragment of cementum was removed. The defect was treated in a regenerative approach, using enamel matrix derivatives (EMD). Six month after therapy, the probing pocket depths decreased to values of ? 3 mm and a defect fill was radiographically visible. The 10-year follow up showed a stable situation. It can be concluded that the occurrence of a local delamination of the root surface may contribute to the development of plaque-induced periodontal destruction. Its removal and the regenerative conditioning of the root surface with EDTA and EMD may result in a, at least partial, resolution of the problem and regeneration of bone at the affected the site.

Schmidlin, Patrick R

2012-01-01

24

Regenerative Treatment of a Cemental Tear Using Enamel Matrix Derivatives: a Ten-Year Follow-up.  

PubMed

A patient presented with chronic periapical periodontitis on tooth 45. The root canal was re-treated and a wide apical perforation was closed with MTA® as an apical plug. At reevaluation six month later, the tooth presented with increased mobility, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depths of 9 mm. Despite good periapical healing radio graphically, the tooth showed signs of localized marginal bone loss that was diagnosed as being due to a cemental fracture. The tooth was splinted, a muco-periostal flap was raised and the fragment of cementum was removed. The defect was treated in a regenerative approach, using enamel matrix derivatives (EMD). Six month after therapy, the probing pocket depths decreased to values of ? 3 mm and a defect fill was radiographically visible. The 10-year follow up showed a stable situation. It can be concluded that the occurrence of a local delamination of the root surface may contribute to the development of plaque-induced periodontal destruction. Its removal and the regenerative conditioning of the root surface with EDTA and EMD may result in a, at least partial, resolution of the problem and regeneration of bone at the affected the site. PMID:23056160

Schmidlin, Patrick R

2012-09-20

25

Ten years' experience with a pyrocarbon prosthesis replacing the proximal interphalangeal joint. A prospective clinical and radiographic follow-up.  

PubMed

We prospectively assessed the subjective, objective, and radiographic results at 1, 2, and 5 years in 65 patients who had pyrocarbon proximal interphalangeal prostheses inserted between 2001 and 2010. Further operations were done on 10 of the 89 joints (four for prosthetic extraction and arthrodesis, two for component changes, and four for soft tissue procedures). At 1 year, the visual analogue scale score for pain at rest had improved to 0 cm from a pre-operative 4 cm, pain at activity from 6 to 1.8 cm, and Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score from 40 to 25. Range of movement and grip strength were unchanged. At 5 years, 31 joints (21 patients) had a complete radiographic follow-up. Seven proximal and 12 distal components showing zones of osteolysis at 1 year had stabilized and were inert or integrated at 5 years. Three proximal and three distal components had osteolytic zones at 5 years. Forty-seven of 59 patients were pain-free at rest at 1 year, and 19 of 21 at 5 years. No late revisions or loosening occurred. PMID:23461909

Tägil, M; Geijer, M; Abramo, A; Kopylov, P

2013-03-01

26

Postoperative adhesions: Ten-year follow-up of 12,584 patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: Postoperative adhesions are a significant problem after colorectal surgery. However, the basic epidemiology and clinical burden are unknown. The Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research Study has investigated the scale of the problem in a population of 5 million. METHODS: Validated data from the Scottish National Health Service Medical Record Linkage Database were used to define a cohort of 12,584

Michael C. Parker; Harold Ellis; Brendan J. Moran; Jeremy N. Thompson; Malcolm S. Wilson; Don Menzies; Alistair McGuire; Adrian M. Lower; Robert J. S. Hawthorn; Fiona O'Brien; Scot Buchan; Alison M. Crowe

2001-01-01

27

The First Epidemic and New-emerging Human Fascioliasis in Kermanshah (Western Iran) and a Ten-year Follow Up, 1998-2008  

PubMed Central

Background: Fascioliasis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases in Iran and other parts of the world. Although the largest epidemic of this disease has occurred in northern provinces of Iran (Guilan) during the past two decades and a few cases have also been reported in Tehran and the other provinces, there has been no evidence of its’ occurrence in western provinces of Iran such as Kermanshah before the outbreak which is being reported. Methods: The study was conducted by teamwork of infectious disease specialist, parasitologist, general practitioner, entomologist, and laboratory technician. It is an “epidemic investigation” and a cross sectional descriptive one. Clinical data and para-clinical changes are recorded considering all of the population of a village in Kangavar, one of the suburbs of Kermanshah (western Iran). Results: The mean age was 21.65, (SD=12.44). Fifty three percent were female, and all of them were farmers. Eighty two percent had a history of watercress ingestion in a period of 1-2 months before the admission and 18% consumed other vegetables. The average of eosinophils was 32.35% (SD=26). The patients’ Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and Counter Current Immuno-electrophoresis (CCIE) serological tests were reported positive by the department of parasitology, Pasteur Institute of Iran. Treatment response to triclabendazole was excellent. A ten-year clinical and laboratory follow-up revealed no evidence of abnormality in treated patients. Conclusions: It was the first case of human fascioliasis in west Iran and was a real epidemic and an emerging infectious disease for this area at that time. The clinical symptoms were less severe compared with other reports. Health education to inhabitants and health care workers can lead to rapid detection of such outbreaks.

Hatami, Hossein; Asmar, Mahdi; Masoud, Jafar; Mansouri, Feizollah; Namdaritabar, Hengameh; Ramazankhani, Ali

2012-01-01

28

Ten-year experience with endomyocardial biopsy in myocarditis presenting with congestive heart failure: frequency, pathologic characteristics, treatment and follow-up.  

PubMed

The present study summarizes our ten-year (1985-1995) experience with endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) in patients with idiopathic congestive heart failure (CHF), with specific reference to frequency of myocarditis, treatment policy, relative benefits, and follow-up. Of the 601 patients who constituted our series, 38 were clinically suspected of having myocarditis on the bases of a very recent onset of congestive heart failure and/or of arrhythmias and/or of conduction disturbances, and of a close-to-recent history of flu-like febrile illness. Corresponding EMBs showed myocarditis in 16 of the 38 cases (42.1%). A further 10 EMBs, from patients with a recent onset of congestive heart failure without prior infection episodes, showed myocarditis. Therefore, biopsy-proven myocarditis occurred in 26 of the 601 patients (4.3%). Of the 26 cases, 21 were lymphocytic, 1 was necrotizing granulomatous, 1 was eosinophilic and occurred in a patient who later developed overt zoonosis, 1 had some giant cells within endocardial inflammatory infiltrates, and 2 were borderline forms. In active myocarditis, inflammatory cells mostly constituted of T-lymphocytes (CD45RO+) with sparse macrophages (CD68+) and a few B cells (CD20+). B-lymphocytes and macrophages, along with activated T-lymphocytes, all expressed MHC class II HLA DR molecules, which were also expressed "de novo" by activated endothelial calls of capillaries and of small intramural vessels. HLA DR revealed itself as a very useful marker for the detection of activated inflammatory and endothelial cells. We also noted an increase in the number of perivascular and interstitial mast cells. Ultrastructural study was helpful for the characterization of myocyte damage and of interactions between inflammatory cells and myocytes. In 4 cases (1 of whom was later revealed as HIV positive, and subsequently died of AIDS), we found microreticulotubular structures in endothelial cells of small vessel and capillaries; in 7 cases, there were myocyte changes similar to those described in polymyositis; in 1 case, we observed subplasmalemmal buddings, but no viral particles; in 6 cases, there was extensive myocyte damage with myofibrillar lysis and focal adipous metaplasia; the remaining 6 cases showed myocyte damage of differing extent and severity; in the borderline forms, such damage coexisted with interstitial fibrosis. One of the 21 lymphocytic myocardites was not treated because during hospital screening the patient proved to be HIV positive; of the remaining 20 active myocardites, 11 were treated with a 6-month tapered steroid and azathioprine protocol (one was treated for 24 months), while 9 were not treated. The corresponding follow-up was: 6 deaths (congestive heart failure), 2 cardiac transplants and 3 survivals (1 with pace-maker) in the treated group, and 3 deaths (2 of congestive heart failure and 1 of sudden death), 1 cardiac transplant and 5 survivals (1 on the waiting list for transplantation) in the non-treated group. One of the 2 patients with borderline myocarditis died of congestive heart failure, and 1 is alive. Of the 22 patients with clinical diagnosis of myocarditis and negative biopsy, 7 died of congestive heart failure (2 on the waiting list for transplantation), 4 underwent cardiac transplantation, and 11 are alive (1 is awaiting transplantation). Of the 20 patients currently alive, 1 was originally in NYHA class III, 15 were in class II and 4 were in class I. Of the 20 overall patients who died, 12 were originally in NYHA class IV, 6 in class III, 2 in class II; of the 8 patients who underwent transplantation, 6 were originally in NYHA class IV and 2 in class III. Our overall experience shows that the frequency of myocarditis diagnosed according to Dallas criteria is high in patients with clinical diagnosis of myocarditis, while it is extremely low in dilated cardiomyopathy patients. This finding suggests that, although non-specific, recent onset of symptoms and prior febrile infe PMID:9199949

Arbustini, E; Gavazzi, A; Dal Bello, B; Morbini, P; Campana, C; Diegoli, M; Grasso, M; Fasani, R; Banchieri, N; Porcu, E; Pilotto, A; Ponzetta, M; Bellini, O; Lucreziotti, S; Viganò, M

1997-03-01

29

Ten years follow-up of health and disability in people with acute traumatic hand injury: pain and cold sensitivity are long-standing problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate health and disability in people with acute traumatic hand injury 10 years after the accident. A consecutive sample of patients from the Department of Hand Surgery was followed up by means of a postal questionnaire containing the instruments EQ-5D for assessment of health and DASH for assessment of disability. Questions were added

M. Gustafsson; L. Hagberg; M. Holmefur

2011-01-01

30

Use of interactive lecture demonstrations: A ten year study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The widely held constructivist view of learning advocates student engagement via interactivity. Within the physics education research community, several specific interactive strategies have been developed to enhance conceptual understanding. One such strategy, the Interactive Lecture Demonstration (ILD) is designed for large lecture classes and, if measured using specific conceptual surveys, is purported to provide learning gains of up to 80%. This paper reports on learning gains for two different Projects over ten years. In Project 1, the ILDs were implemented from 1999 to 2001 with students who had successfully completed senior high school physics. The learning gains for students not exposed to the ILDs were in the range 13% to 16% while those for students exposed to the ILDs was 31% to 50%. In Project 2, the ILDs were implemented from 2007 to 2009 with students who had not studied senior high school physics. Since the use of ILDs in Project 1 had produced positive results, ethical considerations dictated that all students be exposed to ILDs. The learning gains were from 28% to 42%. On the one hand it is pleasing to note that there is an increase in learning gains, yet on the other, we note that the gains are nowhere near the claimed 80%. This paper also reports on teacher experiences of using the ILDs, in Project 2.

Sharma, Manjula D.; Johnston, Ian D.; Johnston, Helen; Varvell, Kevin; Robertson, Gordon; Hopkins, Andrew; Stewart, Chris; Cooper, Ian; Thornton, Ronald

2010-07-01

31

Use of interactive lecture demonstrations: A ten year study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The widely held constructivist view of learning advocates student engagement via interactivity. Within the physics education research community, several specific interactive strategies have been developed to enhance conceptual understanding. One such strategy, the Interactive Lecture Demonstration (ILD) is designed for large lecture classes and, if measured using specific conceptual surveys, is purported to provide learning gains of up to 80%. This paper reports on learning gains for two different Projects over ten years. In Project 1, the ILDs were implemented from 1999 to 2001 with students who had successfully completed senior high school physics. The learning gains for students not exposed to the ILDs were in the range 13% to 16% while those for students exposed to the ILDs was 31% to 50%. In Project 2, the ILDs were implemented from 2007 to 2009 with students who had not studied senior high school physics. Since the use of ILDs in Project 1 had produced positive results, ethical considerations dictated that all students be exposed to ILDs. The learning gains were from 28% to 42%. On the one hand it is pleasing to note that there is an increase in learning gains, yet on the other, we note that the gains are nowhere near the claimed 80%. This paper also reports on teacher experiences of using the ILDs, in Project 2.

Sharma, Manjula D.; Johnston, Ian D.; Johnston, Helen; Varvell, Kevin; Robertson, Gordon; Hopkins, Andrew

2010-12-23

32

Chronic fatigue syndrome: a follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-six of 47 patients diagnosed as having chronic fatigue and offered treatment four years previously were followed up. Twenty-nine patients were interviewed, three patients refused an interview, and information on the remaining 14 was obtained from their general practitioners. All the instruments used at interview had been used in the initial study. The long-term prognosis for patients with chronic fatigue

D Bonner; M Ron; T Chalder; S Butler; S Wessely

1994-01-01

33

Ten-Year Study of a Wilson's Disease Dysarthric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10-year longitudinal case study describes the history, speech therapy program, and treatment results for an adult male with Wilson's disease, a genetically based metabolic progressive neurological disorder which includes severe speech problems. (DB)

Day, Linda Susan; Parnell, Martha M.

1987-01-01

34

Parent training, home environment, and early childhood development: A long?term follow?up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Families and children who participated in a primary prevention experiment called Home Oriented Preschool Education (HOPE) were assessed during a follow?up study approximately ten years following the experiment. Home environment and social class were assessed for families, and children's ability and achievement test scores and grade point averages were obtained from school records. Home environment was shown to be only

Edward E. Gotts

1987-01-01

35

Food Service Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bakersfield City College reports on a followup study done to evaluate their Food Service Management Program. The program offers courses in three areas: certification and skill updating for those already employed in school cafeteria work, an A.A. degree program, and avocational courses for extended day students. Identical questionnaires were sent…

Scott, David C.

36

Procedures for Follow-Up Studies of Teacher Education Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers systematic procedures for designing and conducting follow-up studies of teacher education graduates. Also offered are recommendations for formulating instrument questions and scales, determining questionnaire length and appearance, writing the cover letter, planning the follow-up reminder procedures, and comparing respondents…

Lindsay, Michael

1985-01-01

37

A CLINICAL AND FOLLOW UP STUDY OF ATYPICAL PSYCHOSES  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Twenty-two cases who fulfilled the criteria of having atypical manifestation at any stage of illness and had minimum follow up of three years were studied in detail. Their family history and follow up was analysed. The findings of the present study suggest that the cases showing admixture of schizophrenic and affective symptoms are probably a variant of affective disorders although a possibility of their being a third independent psychosis cannot be ruled out.

Singh, Gurmeet; Sachdev, J. S.

1980-01-01

38

Schizoaffective psychoses in childhood: A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A follow-up study of 16 schizo-affectives (part of a group of 57 children originally diagnosed as schizophrenic) is reported. All 57 patients were under 14 years. They were reinvestigated after an average follow-up period of 16 years (range 6 to 40 years). Of the 57 psychoses 28% had a typical schizoaffective character. In contrast to purely schizophrenic psychoses, we found

Christian Eggers

1989-01-01

39

Flouride. Ten-year prospective study of deciduous and permanent dentition.  

PubMed

A ten-year longitudinal prospective study compared the effect of fluoride on dentition of 1,500 children from infancy through age 10 years. In Kalamazoo, Mich, and Oneida, NY, parallel groups were given a fluoride-vitamin supplement from infancy and from age 4 and compared with fluoridated water and control groups. Incidence of new caries activity in both deciduous and permanent teeth was measured by mean number of new decayed and filled teeth, as well as percentage of children with no caries throughout the periods studied. Prevalence of caries was also studied in six-year molars. The results indicate a consistent (and, for selected groups, a statistically significant) diminution in caries activity for both deciduous and permanent teeth for groups ranked from greatest retardation of caries to least: infant fluoride group, water fluoride group, age 4 fluoride group, and controls. PMID:1096595

Margolis, F J; Reames, H R; Freshman, E; MaCauley, C D; Mehaffey, H

1975-07-01

40

Follow-up after intensive care: a single center study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To study health problems, quality of life, functional status, and memory after intensive care. Setting Adult patients ( n=346) discharged from a university hospital ICU. Design and methods Prospective cohort study. Follow-up patients were found using the ICU database and the Peoples Registry. Quality of life (QOL) was measured with the Short Form 36 (SF-36) 6 months after ICU discharge.

Reidar Kvåle; Atle Ulvik; Hans Flaatten

2003-01-01

41

Peat Production Follow-Up and Studies. Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The second phase of the project -Peat production follow-up and studies- has been carried through during the 1984 production season. As in the earlier phase this project is co-financed by the Swedish Peat Research Foundation and National Energy Administrat...

R. Hansen

1985-01-01

42

Student & Employer Follow-Up Studies for 1988-89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, a follow-up study was conducted of former students of Lane Community College (LCC) and their employers. The survey targeted three groups of former LCC students: all 1988-89 graduates who earned degrees or certificates, all no-formal-award leavers with 70 or more credits, and all early leavers who had earned less than 70 credits while…

Matsen, Marie

43

Graduate Follow-Up Study 1948-73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a follow-up study of the graduates of Hagerstown Junior College during its existence (1948-1973 inclusive) are provided. During the 26-year period, 1,797 people received either a degree or a one-year certificate from the college. Questionnaires were mailed to all graduates, and 1,359 (77%) were returned. The data are tabulated as to…

Behrendt, Richard L.

44

The Graduate Follow-Up Study, 1993-1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In fall 1994, Owens Community College (OCC), in Ohio, conducted a follow-up study of all 956 graduates from 1993-94 to determine their level of educational satisfaction, employment status, and other background information. Completed surveys were returned by 664 of the graduates, for a response rate of 70%. Survey results included the following:…

Kiger, Derick M.; And Others

45

Follow-Up Study of Pupils with Differing Preschool Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A follow-up study of the Early Childhood Education Project (ECEP) was conducted in Richmond, Virginia to determine the effects of preschool experiences on selected aspects of pupil performance at the beginning and completion of grade 1. EPEC is a Head Start type program organized for the regular school year. The sample was divided into three…

Turner, Robert V.; DeFord, Edward F.

46

Medical School Attrition-Beyond the Statistics A Ten Year Retrospective Study  

PubMed Central

Background Medical school attrition is important - securing a place in medical school is difficult and a high attrition rate can affect the academic reputation of a medical school and staff morale. More important, however, are the personal consequences of dropout for the student. The aims of our study were to examine factors associated with attrition over a ten-year period (2001–2011) and to study the personal effects of dropout on individual students. Methods The study included quantitative analysis of completed cohorts and qualitative analysis of ten-year data. Data were collected from individual student files, examination and admission records, exit interviews and staff interviews. Statistical analysis was carried out on five successive completed cohorts. Qualitative data from student files was transcribed and independently analysed by three authors. Data was coded and categorized and key themes were identified. Results Overall attrition rate was 5.7% (45/779) in 6 completed cohorts when students who transferred to other medical courses were excluded. Students from Kuwait and United Arab Emirates had the highest dropout rate (RR?=?5.70, 95% Confidence Intervals 2.65 to 12.27;p?studies). Qualitative analysis revealed recurrent themes of isolation, failure, and despair. Student Welfare services were only accessed by one-third of dropout students. Conclusions While dropout is often multifactorial, certain red flag signals may alert us to risk of dropout including non-EU origin, academic struggling, absenteeism, social isolation, depression and leave of absence. Psychological morbidity amongst dropout students is high and Student Welfare services should be actively promoted. Absenteeism should prompt early intervention. Behind every dropout statistic lies a personal story. All medical schools have a duty of care to support students who leave the medical programme.

2013-01-01

47

A Follow-Up Study of Women with Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological and social consequences of having a diagnosis of cancer can continue beyond the initial year of diagnosis. However, very few empirical studies examine the long-term adjustment of cancer survivors and the factors that promote survivors' well-being. This paper presents an 18 month follow-up study of 26 women who were treated for various types of cancer at a major

Karen Kayser; Mary Sormanti

2002-01-01

48

Gender Role and Feminism Revisited: A Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this follow-up to our earlier study (Toller, Suter, & Trautman, Gender role identity and attitudes towards feminism, Sex Roles, 51, 85–90, 2004) we examine the interrelationships among gender role, support for feminism, and willingness to self-label as feminist. Ten percent of college students previously surveyed participated in qualitative interviews, which elicited characterizations of feminists, whether students self-identified as feminist,

Elizabeth A. Suter; Paige W. Toller

2006-01-01

49

Ute Unit: Study Guide and Follow Up Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study guide and follow-up activities were designed primarily to give students a feeling of Ute life in the San Luis Valley in Colorado. The unit begins with six Southern Ute stories about the wolf and coyote, the race between the skunk and the coyote, the frog and the eagle, why the frog croaks, the bear (Que Ye Qat), and the two Indian…

North Conejos School District, Capulin, CO.

50

Chronic musculoskeletal pain predicted hospitalisation due to serious medical conditions in a 10 year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim was to examine if self reported chronic regional pain (CRP) and chronic widespread pain (CWP) predicted inpatient care due to serious medical conditions such as cerebrovascular diseases, ischemic heart diseases, neoplasms and infectious diseases in a general population cohort over a ten year follow-up period. METHODS: A ten-year follow up of a cohort from the general adult

Hans Lindgren; Stefan Bergman

2010-01-01

51

Ten year recurrence after first ever stroke in a Japanese community: the Hisayama study  

PubMed Central

Background: Very few population based cohort studies have focused on the long term recurrence of stroke. Objective: To examine 10 year cumulative recurrence rates for stroke in a Japanese cohort according to pathological type and clinical subtype of brain infarction. Methods: During a 32 year follow up of 1621 subjects ?40 years of age, 410 developed first ever stroke. These were followed up prospectively for 10 years after stroke onset. Results: During follow up, 108 (26%) experienced recurrent stroke. The cumulative recurrence rates were 35.3% at five years and 51.3% at 10 years. The 10 year recurrence rates of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), brain haemorrhage, and brain infarction were 70.0%, 55.6%, and 49.7%, respectively; the difference between SAH and brain infarction was significant (p = 0.004). Most recurrent episodes after SAH or brain haemorrhage happened within a year after the index stroke, whereas recurrence of brain infarction increased consistently throughout the observation period. Cardioembolic stroke had a higher recurrence rate (75.2%) than lacunar infarction (46.8%) (p = 0.049). The 10 year risk of stroke recurrence increased with age after lacunar or atherothrombotic brain infarction, but not after the other types or subtypes. After atherothrombotic brain infarction, cardioembolic stroke, or SAH, the type and subtype of most recurrent strokes were the same as for the index stroke, but recurrence after lacunar infarction or brain haemorrhage showed divergent patterns. Conclusions: Japanese people have higher recurrence rates of stroke than other populations. Recurrence rate after a first brain infarct increases consistently through the next 10 years.

Hata, J; Tanizaki, Y; Kiyohara, Y; Kato, I; Kubo, M; Tanaka, K; Okubo, K; Nakamura, H; Oishi, Y; Ibayashi, S; Iida, M

2005-01-01

52

A Test of Gottfredson's Theory Using a Ten-Year Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational aspirations of a longitudinal sample of students were examined over a ten-year time period, from second to twelfth grade. Hypotheses from Gottfredson's theory of career development (1981, 1996) and from social learning theory (Lent, Brown & Hackett, 1994) were examined. The social value of children's occupational aspirations increased into the early high school years and started to fall by

Andrew A. Helwig

2001-01-01

53

Education On Prehospital Pain Management: A Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The most common reason patients seek medical attention is pain. However, there may be significant delays in initiating prehospital pain therapy. In a 2001 quality improvement (QI) study, we demonstrated improvement in paramedic knowledge, perceptions, and management of pain. This follow-up study examines the impact of this QI program, repeated educational intervention (EI), and effectiveness of a new pain management standard operating procedure. Methods: 176 paramedics from 10 urban and suburban fire departments and two private ambulance services participated in a 3-hour EI. A survey was performed prior to the EI and repeated one month after the EI. We reviewed emergency medical services (EMS) runs with pain complaints prior to the EI and one month after the EI. Follow-up results were compared to our prior study. We performed data analysis using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. Results: The authors reviewed 352 surveys and 438 EMS runs with pain complaints. Using the same survey questions, even before the EI, 2007 paramedics demonstrated significant improvement in the knowledge (18.2%; 95% CI 8.9%, 27.9%), perceptions (9.2%; 95% CI 6.5%, 11.9%), and management of pain (13.8%; 95% CI 11.3%, 16.2%) compared to 2001. Following EI in 2007, there were no significant improvements in the baseline knowledge (0%; 95% CI 5.3%, 5.3%) but significant improvements in the perceptions of pain principles (6.4%; 95% CI 3.9%, 9.0%) and the management of pain (14.7%; 95% CI 11.4%, 18.0%). Conclusion: In this follow up study, paramedics’ baseline knowledge, perceptions, and management of pain have all improved from 6 years ago. Following a repeat educational intervention, paramedics further improved their field management of pain suggesting paramedics will still benefit from both initial and also ongoing continuing education on the topic of pain management.

French, Scott C.; Chan, Shu B.; Ramaker, Jill

2013-01-01

54

"Cold calling" in psychiatric follow up studies: is it justified?  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To decide if cold calling was ethically justifiable and, if so, to set guidelines for researchers. Design: The study was a cohort study of patients with neurotic disorder treated initially for 10 weeks in a randomised controlled trial. Findings: At follow up by a research medical practitioner 18 of the 210 patients had died and of the remaining 192 patients 186 (97%) were seen or had a telephone interview. Four patients refused and two others did not have interviews but agreed to some data being obtained. However, only 104 patients (54%) responded to letters inviting them to make an appointment or to refuse contact and the remainder were followed up by cold calling, with most patients agreeing readily to the research interview. The findings illustrate the dilemma of the need to get the maximum possible data from such studies to achieve scientific validity (and thereby justify the ethics of the study) and the protection of subjects' privacy and autonomy. Conclusions: More attention needs to be paid to consent procedures if cold calling is to be defended on ethical grounds but it is unreasonable to expect this to be obtained at the beginning of a research study in a way that satisfies the requirements for informed consent. A suggested way forward is to obtain written consent for the research at the time that cold calling takes place before beginning the research.

Tyrer, P; Seivewright, H; Ferguson, B; Johnson, T

2003-01-01

55

Charnley total hip arthroplasty. A ten- to 14-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The long-term results of 325 consecutive Charnley total hip arthroplasties (THAs) were assessed at an average of 62 and 140 months (five-year and ten-year follow-up examinations) postoperatively. Cases developing deep infection during the first five years were not included. Pain, walking ability, and mobility were rated as advocated by Charnley. The results were then graded as excellent, good, fair (clinically successful), and failure. At the five-year follow-up evaluation, 77 hips were excluded; 92% (228/248) of the results were successful. At the ten-year follow-up examination, interest was focused on the 228 hips graded as successful after five years. Sixty-six were excluded, one that had not been included at the five-year evaluation was traced, and 92% (150/163) were again clinically successful. The failure rate owing to mechanical causes during the first five years and between the five-year and ten-year follow-up examinations was 6.9% and 6.7%, respectively. The clinical results were considered highly satisfactory because only 50% of the hips judged successful at the ten-year examination had roentgenographically intact components. There is good reason to have great confidence in the Charnley THA. PMID:3370865

Wejkner, B; Stenport, J

1988-06-01

56

A Study in Critical Listening Using Eight to Ten Year Olds in an Analysis of Commercial Propaganda Emanating from Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected eight to ten year old Maryland children were used in this study measuring the effect of lessons in becoming aware of propaganda employed by commercial advertisers in television programs. Sixteen 45-minute lessons directed to the propaganda techniques of Band Wagon, Card Stacking, Glittering Generalities, Name Calling, Plain Folks,…

Cook, Jimmie Ellis

57

Benzene-induced chromosome aberrations: a follow-up study.  

PubMed Central

To study the evolution of cytogenetic damage from past exposure to high concentrations of benzene and its health significance, chromosome aberrations (CA) in lymphocytes were reinvestigated after approximately 20 years in four subjects with past severe hemopathy and in seven controls studied in the late 1960s. Increased chromosome-type aberrations were still present up to 30 years after benzene toxicity, but blood counts were normal. The vital status at the end of 1993 was ascertained for 32 subjects with a history of benzene toxicity and for 31 controls studied for CA from 1965 to 1970, who differed significantly for CA rates. Of the 32 benzene-exposed subjects, 1 was lost to follow-up, 20 were still alive, and 11 had died at ages 36 to 83, between 1 and 20 years after the last CA study. Five deaths were from neoplasia (acute erythroleukemia, brain tumor, cancer of lung, paranasal cavity, esophagus). The decreased subjects had significantly higher rates of chromosome-type aberrations than those alive, and those who died of neoplasia had the highest rates of these aberrations in the last study before death or diagnosis of cancer. Out of the 31 controls, 12 had died from 4 to 23 years after the CA study. Three deaths were from neoplasia (two lung cancer, one brain tumor). Even if this is a small sample, the results suggest a higher risk of cancer for the benzene-exposed cohort, who had persistently high CA rates in lymphocytes.

Forni, A

1996-01-01

58

Follow up study of workers manufacturing chrysotile asbestos cement products.  

PubMed Central

A cohort study has been carried out of 2167 subjects employed between 1941 and 1983 at an asbestos cement factory in England. The production process incorporated the use of chrysotile asbestos fibre only, except for a small amount of amosite during four months in 1976. Measured airborne fibre concentrations available since 1970 from personal samplers showed mean levels below 1 fibre/ml, although higher levels had probably occurred previously in certain areas of the factory. No excess of lung cancer was observed in the mortality follow up by comparison with either national or local death rates, and analyses of subgroups of the workforce by job, exposure level, duration of employment, duration since entry, or calendar years of employment gave no real suggestion of an asbestos related excess for this cause of death. There was one death from pleural mesothelioma and one with asbestosis mentioned as an associated cause on the death certificate, but neither is thought to be linked to asbestos exposure at this factory. Other suggested asbestos related cancers, such as laryngeal and gastrointestinal, did not show raised risks. Although the durations of exposure were short in this study, the findings are consistent with two other studies of workers exposed to low concentrations of chrysotile fibre in the manufacture of asbestos cement products which reported no excess mortality.

Gardner, M J; Winter, P D; Pannett, B; Powell, C A

1986-01-01

59

A Follow-up Study: The Registered Nurses Program, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-seven (77.1%) of the thirty-five 1977 graduates of the South Georgia Colleges' Division of Nursing responded to a follow-up survey, producing the following information: (1) 17 were employed full-time, two were employed part-time, and eight were unemployed; (2) 88.9% agreed they were prepared adequately for the state board examination; (3)…

Kondwros, Jerry M.

60

A follow-up study of synthetic rubber workers.  

PubMed

Although 1,3-butadiene (BD) has been classified as an animal carcinogen, epidemiologic research has reported inconsistent results on the relationship between BD and lymphopoietic and other cancers in humans. This study evaluated the mortality experience of 15649 men employed for at least 1 year at any of eight North American styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) plants. About 75% of the subjects were exposed to BD; 83% were exposed to styrene (STY). During 1943-1991, the cohort had a total of 386172 and an average of 25 person-years of follow-up, with 3976 deaths observed compared to 4553 deaths expected based on general population mortality rates (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 87, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 85-90). More than expected leukemia deaths occurred in the overall cohort (48 observed/37 expected, SMR = 131, CI = 97-174) and among ever hourly subjects (45/32, SMR = 143, CI = 104-191). The excess was concentrated among ever hourly subjects with 10+ years worked and 20+ years since hire (28/13, SMR = 224, CI = 149-323) and among subjects in polymerization (15/6.0, SMR = 251, CI = 140-414), maintenance labor (13/4.9, SMR = 265, CI = 141-453) and laboratories (10/2.3, SMR = 431, CI = 207-793), three areas with potential for relatively high exposure to BD or STY monomers. Some cohort sub-groups had slight increases in deaths from lymphopoietic cancers other than leukemia, but mortality patterns by race, years worked and process group within the SBR industry did not indicate a causal association with occupational exposures. These results indicate that exposures in the SBR industry cause leukemia. PMID:8901897

Delzell, E; Sathiakumar, N; Hovinga, M; Macaluso, M; Julian, J; Larson, R; Cole, P; Muir, D C

1996-10-28

61

Nd Isotopic Provenance of Sedimentary Rocks Along Margins of North America: ten Years of Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ten years of effort, principally employing Nd isotopes, have resulted in substantial advances in understanding of the movements of sedimentary material around North America from Cambrian to Cretaceous time. This synthesis has depended upon work of current and former students S. Samson, J. Gleason, N. Boghossian, C. Garzione, M. Roth, B. Canale and E. Rosenberg, as well as collaborators W. Dickinson and A. Embry, among others. Nd isotopes are particularly good at documenting movements of sedimentary material on the largest (continental) scale and over extended times. What has emerged is a picture of a largely exposed North America-Greenland craton from Neoproterozoic to Ordovician time, a partial to complete burial by detritus from Caledonian-Appalachian mountains starting in the Ordovician, a gradual exhumation during Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic time, followed by a partial burial with Cordilleran detritus during Late Jurassic to Tertiary time. One current question is the nature of the Mesozoic and Tertiary sedimentary material eroded from the North American Cordillera, and its relevance for Cordilleran orogenesis. Another current question is the extent to which Caledonian-Appalachian detritus covered the craton in Devonian-Carboniferous time, and the timing and manner of its removal during Mesozoic time. At first glance, available Nd isotopic data appear to suggest that the Canada-Greenland Shield was largely covered during most of Mesozoic time, a conclusion that would have profound effects on models of dynamic topography. However, this conclusion is also very dependent on the relationship between topography and erosion, because in certain situations a geographically-restricted cover sequence could dominate over low-relief cratonic terrain as a sediment source.

Patchett, J.; Ross, G. M.

2001-12-01

62

A 10 year follow-up study after Roux-Elmslie-Trillat treatment for cases of patellar instability  

PubMed Central

Background A retrospective study concerning patients presenting with patella instability, treated using a Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation and followed up for 10 years following surgery, is presented. Methods Pre-operative and follow-up radiographic evaluation included the weight-bearing anteroposterior and merchant views. Evaluation was carried out using the Insall-Salvati index, sulcus and congruence angle. The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation was performed on 18 patients. The clinical evaluation at follow-up was performed using the Knee-Society-Score (KSS) and Tegner-Score. Results Subjective results of the operation were classed as excellent or good in 16 of the 18 patients ten years after surgery; persistent instability of the patella was recorded in only one of the 18 patients. The majority of patients returned to the same level of sporting activity after surgery as they had participated in before injury. Conclusions The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat procedure could be recommended in cases presenting with an increased q-angle, trochlea dysplasia or failed soft tissue surgery. In the present study the majority of patients report a return to previous sporting activity ten years after surgery.

2011-01-01

63

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a follow-up study in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background Acute?disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, whose epidemiology, clinical presentations and functional outcome are incompletely understood in Asian populations. Objective To assess the clinical presentations, predisposing factors and functional outcome of ADEM in Taiwan. Methods 50 patients initially diagnosed with ADEM (male, 19; female, 31) were enrolled from 1991 to 2005. Diagnosis of ADEM or multiple sclerosis was established during a follow?up period of 2–120?months. 8 adult patients were noted to have taken the immunomodulatory drug, levamisole, within 3?months before onset of symptoms. The remaining 42 patients (male, 17; female, 25) were categorised by age as children (<16?years, n?=?12), young adults (16–49?years, n?=?21) and elderly adults (?50?years, n?=?9). The clinical manifestations, predisposing factors and radiological findings were compared between different age groups and adult patients with or without levamisole use. Functional outcome was compared by a log?rank test. Results Preceding upper respiratory tract infection was evident in 21 (50%) patients and only one young?adult patient had received Rubella vaccine immunisation. The frequency of fever was higher in children (p?=?0.04) and psychiatric symptoms were more prevalent in elderly patients (p?=?0.03). Functional recovery was faster in children than in adults (p?=?0.002). Initial Expanded Disability Status Scale score (odds ratio (OR) 1.9, p?=?0.03) and no fever (OR 0.04, p?=?0.06) were associated with poor outcome (modified Rankin scale ?2). After a mean (SD) follow?up of 31.8 (9.9)?months, 4 (9.5%) patients developed multiple sclerosis (3 (25%) children, 1 (4.7%) young adult, p?=?0.03). The neurological disability, radiological and cerebrospinal fluid findings did not differ between patients with and without levamisole use. One elderly adult patient previously receiving levamisole developed multiple sclerosis of relapse?remitting type after a mean follow?up period of 36.9?months. Conclusion The clinical presentations, functional outcome and risk of developing multiple sclerosis differed between different age groups. Functional recovery was faster in children than in adults. Poor functional outcome was related to initial high Expanded Disability Status Scale score and absence of fever.

Lin, C-H; Jeng, J-S; Hsieh, S-T; Yip, P-K; Wu, R-M

2007-01-01

64

The course of anxiety disorders other than PTSD in patients with borderline personality disorder and axis II comparison subjects: a 10-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

The objectives of this study were to assess the rates of comorbid anxiety disorders other than PTSD in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and axis II comparison subjects over ten years of prospective follow-up and to determine time-to-remission, recurrence, and new onset of these disorders. The SCID I was administered to 290 borderline patients and 72 axis II comparison subjects at baseline and at five contiguous two-year follow-up waves. The rates of anxiety disorders for those in both groups declined significantly over time, although they remained significantly higher among borderline patients. By ten-year follow-up, the rates of remission for borderline patients who met criteria for these disorders at baseline were high, while the rates of recurrences and new onsets were moderate. These results suggest that anxiety disorders are very common over time among borderline patients. They also suggest that these disorders have an intermittent course among those with BPD.

Silverman, Merav H.; Frankenburg, Frances R.; Reich, D. Bradford; Fitzmaurice, Garrett; Zanarini, Mary C.

2012-01-01

65

Social functioning and survival: A 10-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Although otherwise extensively researched, one aspect of social functioning in older people that has received less attention is its association with staying at home for as long as possible. This 10-year follow-up examines factors of social functioning that support older people's independent living in their own homes and that reduce the risk of mortality. The data were collected in 1991 by a postal questionnaire that was sent to all residents of Turku, Finland, born in 1920. A physical examination was also conducted. Ten years later, in 2001, the mortality rate of this population was determined. The data were examined statistically. Female gender reduced the risk of mortality. In addition, daily outdoor activities, and not needing help (from different sources) were associated with a reduced risk of mortality. No need for help and a more positive attitude towards life reduced the risk of mortality of women. There were found only non-significant trends for men. Having plans for the future also reduced the risk of mortality. The findings of this study offer useful clues for planning the services provided by home health care personnel. In planning these services it is important that home health care workers take into account the differences between women and men customers: men may need and want different things from the home health care service than women do. PMID:18207580

Arve, Seija; Lavonius, Sirkku; Savikko, Niina; Lehtonen, Aapo; Isoaho, Hannu

2008-01-18

66

Ten Year Study of Drug and Alcohol Usage at Middle Tennessee State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved the third administration of a survey of drug and alcohol use among students at Middle Tennessee State University. The original study was completed in 1977 (N=1,551), the second in 1983 (N=1,198), and the third in 1987 (N=1,535). Findings from the 1987 survey revealed that females and fraternity and sorority members were…

Heritage, Jeannette

67

A Ten Year Longitudinal Study Comparing 1980 Freshman Students' Persistence to Graduation at Two Selected Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the retention, progression, graduation, and attrition rates of first time freshman enrolled in four-year undergraduate programs at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), and Pittsburg State University (PSU), Pittsburg, Kansas. The characteristics of both schools and the limitations of the study are presented…

Davidson, Barry S.; Muse, Charles T.

68

Ten Year Study of Drug and Alcohol Usage at Middle Tennessee State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study involved the third administration of a survey of drug and alcohol use among students at Middle Tennessee State University. The original study was completed in 1977 (N=1,551), the second in 1983 (N=1,198), and the third in 1987 (N=1,535). Findings from the 1987 survey revealed that females and fraternity and sorority members were…

Heritage, Jeannette

69

Western Perceptions of Hong Kong Ten Years on: A Corpus-Driven Critical Discourse Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article studies the Western perceptions of and relations with Hong Kong a decade after the reversion of the sovereignty from Britain to China in 1997. Previous studies have demonstrated that the West had a significantly negative view on the future of Hong Kong with respect to the handover. According to recent observations, however, the…

Cheng, Winnie; Lam, Phoenix W. Y.

2013-01-01

70

Self-Report Stability of Adolescent Cigarette Use across Ten Years of Panel Study Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the first to examine adolescent cigarette report stability over 10 years. Six waves of data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. This study examined internal/logical consistency and external consistency. Report stability was higher for lifetime use reports than the age of onset reports. Wave-by-wave…

Shillington, Audrey M.; Reed, Mark B.; Clapp, John D.

2010-01-01

71

Self-Report Stability of Adolescent Cigarette Use across Ten Years of Panel Study Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is the first to examine adolescent cigarette report stability over 10 years. Six waves of data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. This study examined internal/logical consistency and external consistency. Report stability was higher for lifetime use reports than the age of onset reports. Wave-by-wave…

Shillington, Audrey M.; Reed, Mark B.; Clapp, John D.

2010-01-01

72

Self-Report Stability of Adolescent Cigarette Use Across Ten Years of Panel Study Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the first to examine adolescent cigarette report stability over 10 years. Six waves of data were utilized from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. This study examined internal\\/logical consistency and external consistency. Report stability was higher for lifetime use reports than the age of onset reports. Wave-by-wave differences revealed stability increased across time, with one-third denying use

Audrey M. Shillington; Mark B. Reed; John D. Clapp

2010-01-01

73

Ten-Year Trend Analysis of Autism Severity: A Nationwide Population-Based Register Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The severity of autism spectrum disorder was strongly related to the education and service outcome. Without a clear profile of autistic population and its change, efforts to understand its nature and improve the quality of service or education will be impossible. The present study aims to describe the over time reported rate of autism severity…

Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Chien, Wu-Chien; Su, Sui-Lung; Wu, Jia-Ling

2011-01-01

74

Ten-Year Trend Analysis of Autism Severity: A Nationwide Population-Based Register Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The severity of autism spectrum disorder was strongly related to the education and service outcome. Without a clear profile of autistic population and its change, efforts to understand its nature and improve the quality of service or education will be impossible. The present study aims to describe the over time reported rate of autism severity…

Lin, Jin-Ding; Sung, Chang-Lin; Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Chien, Wu-Chien; Su, Sui-Lung; Wu, Jia-Ling

2011-01-01

75

Azo dyes and related compounds as important aquatic contaminants: a ten-year case study  

EPA Science Inventory

Mutagenicity has been found in several aquatic systems in the world; however, this activity usually is not associated with any of the compounds that are currently regulated. Attempting to identify these hazardous compounds, an integrated study was conducted, employing several dif...

76

Osteogenesis imperfecta: A clinical study of the first ten years of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary One hundred twenty-seven children with osteogenesis imperfecta (O.I.) were studied during the first 10 years of life. According to Sillence, 40 patients were assigned to type I, 39 to type III, and 48 to type IV O.I. Centiles for height, weight, and the annual number of fractures could be established for the different types of O.I. The development of

U. Vetter; B. Pontz; E. Zauner; R. E. Brenner; J. Spranger

1992-01-01

77

Rheumatic symptoms in childhood leukaemia and lymphoma-a ten-year retrospective study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The initial symptoms of childhood leukaemia and lymphoma are often similar to those of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In our study, we analyzed the frequency and characteristics of musculoskeletal complaints as the initial presenting symptoms of newly diagnosed leukaemia and lymphoma patients in the past 10 years in our clinic. METHODS: Using the Hungarian Tumour Register, we performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 166 new leukaemia and 95 new lymphoma pediatric patients treated from 1999 to 2009 at the 2nd. Dept. of Paediatrics of the Semmelweis University in Budapest. RESULTS: Twenty percent of the leukaemic (33 children) and 2% of the lymphoma patients (2 children) had musculoskeletal symptoms at first presentation. Two-thirds of both groups of patients had other general symptoms like fever and/or fatigue. The hip was the most frequently affected joint (7/33) in the leukaemic patients. Twenty-four percent of all the children had been previously evaluated by an orthopaedist; 12% had visited another rheumatologist prior to diagnosis. Imaging had been done in an unexpectedly low number of patients prior to referral to our unit (radiographs: 16 or 48%, ultrasound: 5 patients or 15%). Radiographs of the affected joints were abnormal in only one case (1/16, 6%). The joint ultrasound was abnormal in only three children of 5 studied (3/5, 60%). Anaemia (26/32, 6%), thrombocytopenia (78%) and LDH elevation (3--4 times the normal count) were frequent in the leukaemic patients. Half of the cases had a normal leukocyte count. The lymphoma group had similar results. Two patients of the leukaemia group received steroid treatment before the final diagnosis. Severe pain out of proportion to physical findings is another clue. CONCLUSIONS: Haematologic malignancies must be excluded before initiation of therapy for childhood arthritis among children presenting with musculoskeletal signs and symptoms, particularly in atypical cases. Malignancies are to be suspected when pain is disproportionately severe compared to the physical examination findings, and when anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and an elevated LDH level are present. Diagnosing leukaemia early is important because the use of steroids and immunosuppressive medications may mask and delay its diagnosis. Additionally, pre-treatment of presumed JIA patients with these drugs who eventually are diagnosed to have a malignancy may lead to the malignancy being steroid-resistant and more difficult to treat. PMID:23641776

Zombori, Luca; Kovacs, Gabor; Csoka, Monika; Derfalvi, Beata

2013-05-01

78

Rheumatic symptoms in childhood leukaemia and lymphoma-a ten-year retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Background The initial symptoms of childhood leukaemia and lymphoma are often similar to those of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In our study, we analyzed the frequency and characteristics of musculoskeletal complaints as the initial presenting symptoms of newly diagnosed leukaemia and lymphoma patients in the past 10 years in our clinic. Methods Using the Hungarian Tumour Register, we performed a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 166 new leukaemia and 95 new lymphoma pediatric patients treated from 1999 to 2009 at the 2nd. Dept. of Paediatrics of the Semmelweis University in Budapest. Results Twenty percent of the leukaemic (33 children) and 2% of the lymphoma patients (2 children) had musculoskeletal symptoms at first presentation. Two-thirds of both groups of patients had other general symptoms like fever and/or fatigue. The hip was the most frequently affected joint (7/33) in the leukaemic patients. Twenty-four percent of all the children had been previously evaluated by an orthopaedist; 12% had visited another rheumatologist prior to diagnosis. Imaging had been done in an unexpectedly low number of patients prior to referral to our unit (radiographs: 16 or 48%, ultrasound: 5 patients or 15%). Radiographs of the affected joints were abnormal in only one case (1/16, 6%). The joint ultrasound was abnormal in only three children of 5 studied (3/5, 60%). Anaemia (26/32, 6%), thrombocytopenia (78%) and LDH elevation (3–4 times the normal count) were frequent in the leukaemic patients. Half of the cases had a normal leukocyte count. The lymphoma group had similar results. Two patients of the leukaemia group received steroid treatment before the final diagnosis. Severe pain out of proportion to physical findings is another clue. Conclusions Haematologic malignancies must be excluded before initiation of therapy for childhood arthritis among children presenting with musculoskeletal signs and symptoms, particularly in atypical cases. Malignancies are to be suspected when pain is disproportionately severe compared to the physical examination findings, and when anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and an elevated LDH level are present. Diagnosing leukaemia early is important because the use of steroids and immunosuppressive medications may mask and delay its diagnosis. Additionally, pre-treatment of presumed JIA patients with these drugs who eventually are diagnosed to have a malignancy may lead to the malignancy being steroid-resistant and more difficult to treat.

2013-01-01

79

Patient preferences at ten years following initial diagnosis of atrial fibrillation: the Belgrade Atrial Fibrillation Study  

PubMed Central

Background Many atrial fibrillation (AF) patients have a poor understanding of the management of this condition. We investigated patient attitudes towards AF and a potential invasive treatment following an average 10-year period of prospective rhythm control in a cohort of newly diagnosed AF patients. Methods This was a prospective registry-based study. At the regular annual visit in 2007, patients were asked at random to answer several AF-related questions. Results Of 390 patients, 277 (71.0%) reported symptom reduction over time, but only 45 (11.5%) reported that they had “got used” to AF; 201 patients (51.5%) stated they would always prefer sinus rhythm, and 280 (71.2%) would accept an invasive AF treatment. Independent predictors for choosing an invasive procedure were younger age, impaired career/working capacity, and male gender (all P < 0.05). Conclusion Our findings suggest that most AF patients prefer sinus rhythm and would readily accept an invasive procedure if it offered the possibility of a cure for their AF.

Potpara, Tatjana S; Polovina, Marija M; Mujovic, Nebojsa M; Kocijancic, Aleksandar M; Lip, Gregory YH

2013-01-01

80

Epidemiology of mesothelioma in Egypt. A ten-year (1998-2007) multicentre study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mesothelioma is a cancer strongly linked to exposure to carcinogenic minerals, especially asbestos. The aim of the study was to detect the incidence of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in Egypt, to clarify the impact of occupational and environmental risk factors, and to characterise its demographic features. Material and methods They were 584 cases diagnosed as MPM detected in Cairo University Hospitals and National Cancer Institute from 1998 to 2007. Unfortunately, full epidemiological data were only available for 165 cases due to absence of a reliable registration system. Results A steady increase in the number of cases was detected, from 24 in 1998, peaking at 82 cases in 2005, followed by a gradual decline (though still high) with 68 cases in 2006 and 51 cases in 2007. Male/female ratio was 1.35/1 (p > 0.05). The occupational exposure to asbestos was 13.9%. Residential exposure plays a major role in two regions, Helwan and Shoubra (27.3% and 20.6% respectively), while in Upper and Lower Egypt the level was 12.7% and 17.5% respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival for sex, residence and the pathological types epithelioid, biphasic and sarcomatoid was insignificant. The median survival for different grades and treatment modalities was significant (P < 0.001). Conclusions There was a steady increase in the incidence of MPM from 1998 to 2005 followed by a decline during 2006-2007. Mesothelioma in Egypt is mainly concentrated in areas of high environmental pollution. The decline within the last 2 years may be attributed to recent strict industrial preventive measures. However, a better environmental control programme would benefit Egypt.

Akl, Yosri; Kaddah, Safy; Abdelhafeez, Ahmed; Salah, Randa; Lotayef, Mohamed

2010-01-01

81

New polyethylenes in total hip replacement: A ten- to 12-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Between 1999 and 2001, 90 patients underwent total hip replacement using the same uncemented acetabular and femoral components with a 28 mm metallic femoral head but with prospective randomisation of the acetabular liner to either Durasul highly cross-linked polyethylene or nitrogen-sterilised Sulene polyethylene. We assessed 83 patients at a minimum follow-up of ten years. Linear penetration of the femoral head was estimated at six weeks, six and 12 months and annually thereafter, using the Dorr method, given the non-spherical shape of the acetabular component. There was no loosening of any component; only one hip in the Sulene group showed proximal femoral osteolysis. The mean penetration of the femoral head at six weeks was 0.08 mm (0.02 to 0.15) for the Durasul group and 0.16 mm (0.05 to 0.28) for the Sulene group (p = 0.001). The mean yearly linear penetration was 64.8% lower for the Durasul group at 0.05 mm/year (sd 0.035) for the Sulene group and 0.02 mm/year (sd 0.016) for the Durasul (p < 0.001). Mean linear femoral head penetration at ten years was 61% less in the Durasul than Sulene group. Highly cross-linked polyethylene gives excellent results at ten years. PMID:23450015

García-Rey, E; García-Cimbrelo, E; Cruz-Pardos, A

2013-03-01

82

The Longitudinal Study (LAS): Thirteen Year Follow-Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the fifth assessment in an 18-year longitudinal study begun in 1986 to follow a group of Montessori students who attended the Franciscan Montessori Earth School in Portland, Oregon. Participating were 45 students with an average age of 18 years, about half of whom were in high school and half in college. Students completed an online…

Glenn, Christopher M.

83

The Behavior Modification School Follow-up Study(ASAP).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of the study was to determine what effects, if any, the Behavior Modification School had upon the lives of its graduates. BMS, one of five treatment methods within the Rehabilitation Countermeasure, is designed for the problem drinke...

1975-01-01

84

A Follow-Up Study of Non-Returning Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1987, a study was conducted at Monroe Community College (MCC) to determine the factors which influence attrition and retention, with particular focus on the reasons why students who have not graduated fail to return for succeeding semesters. Questionnaires were mailed to 452 former students, requesting information on students' rankings…

Cotnam, John D.; Ison, Sherrill

85

Epidemiologic follow-up studies of breast augmentation patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although hundreds of thousands of women in this country have had augmentation mammaplasty, little is known about long-term effects. Clinical studies have documented a decreased ability to detect breast lesions in women with implants, leading to concerns regarding breast cancer risk. There is also anecdotal evidence that implants might have effects on a variety of immune conditions. More recently, concern

Louise A. Brinton; Paolo Toniolo; Bernard S. Pasternack

1995-01-01

86

3-Year Follow-up of the NIMH MTA Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: In the intent-to-treat analysis of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA), the effects of medication management (MedMgt), behavior therapy (Beh), their combination (Comb), and usual community care (CC) differed at 14 and 24 months due to superiority of treatments that used the MTA medication algorithm (Comb+MedMgt)…

Jensen, Peter S.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Swanson, James M.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.; Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoza, Betsy; March, John S.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy; Gibbons, Robert D.; Hur, Kwan

2007-01-01

87

A Follow-Up Study of Non-Returning Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spring 1987, a study was conducted at Monroe Community College (MCC) to determine the factors which influence attrition and retention, with particular focus on the reasons why students who have not graduated fail to return for succeeding semesters. Questionnaires were mailed to 452 former students, requesting information on students' rankings…

Cotnam, John D.; Ison, Sherrill

88

FINAL REPORT: NATIONAL CHILDREN'S STUDY FOCUS GROUPS - FOLLOW-UP  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this work assignment was to add to our knowledge of the issues that will affect recruitment and retention of pregnant women into the National Children's Study by conducting 14 focus groups comprised of pregnant women, couples, and parents of young chi...

89

Collodion baby: a follow-up study of 17 cases.  

PubMed

Seventeen cases of collodion baby are reported. Clinical aspects, complications, treatment, final outcome and family history were studied. We did not observe any clinical features in the collodion baby that could serve as a clue in predicting the final diagnosis. Infections were observed in nine, hypothermia in five and hypernatraemic dehydration in four cases. Skin infection mainly occurred in babies treated with emollients (petrolatum, lanolin and cetomacrogolis cream were used). We therefore recommend treating the collodion baby in a humidified incubator, if necessary with intravenous rehydration, but not to use emollients. The final outcome of these study patients was erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in seven cases (41%), non-erythrodermic autosomal recessive lamellar ichthyosis in three cases (18%), Sjögren-Larsson in one case (6%), epidermolytic hyperkeratosis in one case (6%), acute neonatal variant of Gaucher disease in one case (6%) and normal skin in four cases (24%). PMID:12428840

Van Gysel, D; Lijnen, R L P; Moekti, S S; de Laat, P C J; Oranje, A P

2002-09-01

90

Type I Latex Allergy: A Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract Background: There are several studies that deal with the evolution of patients with occupational rhinitis\\/asthma as a result of immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated allergy to latex. However, none have focused on the course of this illness in non-occupational settings. Objective: To ascertain patient compliance in individuals diagnosed with latex allergy with respect to following avoidance measures, as well as

J Azofra García

91

A follow-up study of synthetic rubber workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although 1,3-butadiene (BD) has been classified as an animal carcinogen, epidemiologic research has reported inconsistent results on the relationship between BD and lymphopoietic and other cancers in humans. This study evaluated the mortality experience of 15649 men employed for at least 1 year at any of eight North American styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) plants. About 75% of the subjects were exposed

Elizabeth Delzell; Nalini Sathiakumar; Mary Hovinga; Maurizio Macaluso; Jim Julian; Rodney Larson; Philip Cole; David C. F. Muir

1996-01-01

92

3Year Follow-up of the NIMH MTA Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:In the intent-to-treat analysis of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA), the effects of medication management (MedMgt), behavior therapy (Beh), their combination (Comb), and usual community care (CC) differed at 14 and 24 months due to superiority of treatments that used the MTA medication algorithm (Comb+MedMgt) over those that did not (Beh+CC). This report examines 36-month outcomes,

PETER S. JENSEN; L. EUGENE ARNOLD; JAMES M. SWANSON; BENEDETTO VITIELLO; HOWARD B. ABIKOFF; LAURENCE L. GREENHILL; LILY HECHTMAN; STEPHEN P. HINSHAW; WILLIAM E. PELHAM; KAREN C. WELLS; C. KEITH CONNERS; GLEN R. ELLIOTT; JEFFERY N. EPSTEIN; BETSY HOZA; JOHN S. MARCH; BROOKE S. G. MOLINA; JEFFREY H. NEWCORN; JOANNE B. SEVERE; TIMOTHY WIGAL; ROBERT D. GIBBONS; KWAN HUR

2007-01-01

93

Major complications of laparoscopy: a follow-up Finnish study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine recent figures on major laparoscopic complications in Finland.Methods: This was a nationwide record-linkage study from January 1995 through December 1996 including all Finnish hospitals performing gynecologic laparoscopies. Data files of the National Patient Insurance Association and the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register were used. Data were compared with previous results from 1990 to 1994.Results: Among 32,205 gynecologic laparoscopies,

Päivi Härkki-Siren; Jari Sjöberg; Tapio Kurki

1999-01-01

94

Gamma-ray follow-up studies on ? Carinae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: Observations of high-energy ?-rays recently revealed a persistent source in spatial coincidence with the binary system ? Carinae. Since modulation of the observed ?-ray flux on orbital time scales has not been reported so far, an unambiguous identification was hitherto not possible. Particularly the observations made by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) posed additional questions regarding the actual emission scenario. Analyses show two energetically distinct components in the ?-ray spectrum, which are best described by an exponentially cutoff power-law function (CPL) at energies below 10 GeV and a power-law (PL) component dominant at higher energies. Methods: The increased exposure in conjunction with the improved instrumental response functions of the LAT now allow us to perform a more detailed investigation of location, spectral shape, and flux time history of the observed ?-ray emission. Results: We detect a weak but regular flux decrease over time. This can be understood and interpreted in a colliding-wind binary scenario for orbital modulation of the ?-ray emission. We find that the spectral shape of the ?-ray signal agrees with a single emitting particle population in combination with significant absorption by ?-? pair production. Conclusions: We are able to report on the first unambiguous detection of GeV ?-ray emission from a colliding-wind massive star binary. Studying the correlation of the flux decrease with the orbital separation of the binary components allows us to predict the behaviour up to the next periastron passage in 2014.

Reitberger, K.; Reimer, O.; Reimer, A.; Werner, M.; Egberts, K.; Takahashi, H.

2012-08-01

95

Affective Psychosis: A Follow-Up, Retrospective Classification and Heredofamilial Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A follow-up, retrospective classification and heredofamilial study on affective psychosis is reported. Since 1958 704 cases (1.2% of the total admissions) of affective psychosis have been encountered, with 595 cases followed up for 11 years in average. In...

X. Zhenyi Z. Mingdao Y. Heqin

1980-01-01

96

Career Program Completers. 1989-90 Long-Term Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In summer 1994, a long-term follow-up study was conducted of 1989-90 graduates of career programs at Johnson County Community College (JCCC) in Kansas. A survey was mailed to 536 graduates, certificate holders, and students who left JCCC with marketable skills to assess their satisfaction with JCCC and their jobs. With telephone follow-up, a…

Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Office of Institutional Research.

97

The RETHINK Parenting and Anger Management Program: A Follow-Up Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is the first follow-up assessment of the RETHINK Parenting and Anger Management Program. Parent participants (N = 168) reduced their anger, violence, and family conflict levels from posttest to follow-up, on average, at 2.5 months on 13 of 15 dependent variables. Current findings are consistent with a small, albeit growing body of…

Fetsch, Robert J.; Yang, Raymond K.; Pettit, Matthew J.

2008-01-01

98

The RETHINK Parenting and Anger Management Program: A Follow-Up Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the first follow-up assessment of the RETHINK Parenting and Anger Management Program. Parent participants (N = 168) reduced their anger, violence, and family conflict levels from posttest to follow-up, on average, at 2.5 months on 13 of 15 dependent variables. Current findings are consistent with a small, albeit growing body of…

Fetsch, Robert J.; Yang, Raymond K.; Pettit, Matthew J.

2008-01-01

99

Ten-year fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction incidence in elderly populations in Spain: the EPICARDIAN cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background In Spain, more than 85% of coronary heart disease deaths occur in adults older than 65 years. However, coronary heart disease incidence and mortality in the Spanish elderly have been poorly described. The aim of this study is to estimate the ten-year incidence and mortality rates of myocardial infarction in a population-based large cohort of Spanish elders. Methods A population-based cohort of 3729 people older than 64 years old, free of previous myocardial infarction, was established in 1995 in three geographical areas of Spain. Any case of fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction was investigated until December 2004 using the "cold pursuit method", previously used and validated by the the WHO-MONICA project. Results Men showed a significantly (p < 0.001) higher cumulative incidence of myocardial infarction (7.2%; 95%CI: 5.94-8.54) than women (3.8%; 95%CI: 3.06-4.74). Although cumulative incidence increased with age (p < 0.05), gender-differences tended to narrow. Adjusted incidence rates were higher in men (957 per 100 000 person-years) than in women (546 per 100 000 person-years) (p < 0.001) and increased with age (p < 0.001). The increase was progressive in women but not in men. Adjusted mortality rates were also higher in men than in women (p < 0.001), being three times higher in the age group of ? 85 years old than in the age group of 65-74 years old (p < 0.001). Conclusion Incidence of fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction is high in the Spanish elderly population. Men show higher rates than women, but gender differences diminish with age.

Gabriel, Rafael; Alonso, Margarita; Reviriego, Blanca; Muniz, Javier; Vega, Saturio; Lopez, Isidro; Novella, Blanca; Suarez, Carmen; Rodriguez-Salvanes, Francisco

2009-01-01

100

Cohort Profile of the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study at Final Follow-up  

PubMed Central

The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study) was established in the late 1980s to evaluate the risk impact of lifestyle factors and levels of serum components on human health. During the 20-year follow-up period, the results of the study have been published in almost 200 original articles in peer-reviewed English-language journals. However, continued follow-up of the study subjects became difficult because of the retirements of principal researchers, city mergers throughout Japan in the year 2000, and reduced funding. Thus, we decided to terminate the JACC Study follow-up at the end of 2009. As a final point of interest, we reviewed the population registry information of survivors. A total of 207 (0.19%) subjects were ineligible, leaving 110 585 eligible participants (46 395 men and 64 190 women). Moreover, errors in coding date of birth and sex were found in 356 (0.32%) and 59 (0.05%) cases, respectively, during routine follow-up and final review. Although such errors were unexpected, their impact is believed to be negligible because of the small numbers relative to the large total study population. Here, we describe the final cohort profile at the end of the JACC Study along with selected characteristics of the participants and their status at the final follow-up. Although follow-up of the JACC Study participants is finished, we will continue to analyze and publish study results.

Tamakoshi, Akiko; Ozasa, Kotaro; Fujino, Yoshihisa; Suzuki, Koji; Sakata, Kiyomi; Mori, Mitsuru; Kikuchi, Shogo; Iso, Hiroyasu

2013-01-01

101

Prediction of psychopathology and functional impairment by positive and negative schizotypy in the Chapmans' ten-year longitudinal study.  

PubMed

The present study examined the predictive validity of psychometrically assessed positive and negative schizotypy in the Chapmans' 10-year longitudinal data set. Schizotypy provides a useful construct for understanding the etiology and development of schizophrenia and related disorders. Schizotypy and schizophrenia share a common multidimensional structure that includes positive and negative symptom dimensions. Recent cross-sectional studies have supported the validity of psychometric positive and negative schizotypy; however, the present study is the first to examine the predictive validity of these dimensions. The Chapmans' longitudinal data provided an ideal opportunity because of the large sample size, high reassessment rate, and extended interval between assessments. A total of 534 psychometric high-risk and control participants were initially assessed, and 95% of this sample was reinterviewed 10 years later. As hypothesized, positive and negative schizotypy uniquely predicted the development of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. At the reassessment, both positive and negative schizotypy predicted psychotic-like, schizotypal, and paranoid symptoms, as well as poorer adjustment. The positive dimension was associated with mood and substance use disorders and mental health treatment. Negative schizotypy was associated with schizoid symptoms and social impairment at the follow-up. The results extend the growing validity findings for psychometrically assessed positive and negative schizotypy by demonstrating that they are associated with the development of differential patterns of symptoms and impairment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24016018

Kwapil, Thomas R; Gross, Georgina M; Silvia, Paul J; Barrantes-Vidal, Neus

2013-08-01

102

Predictors of changes in sick leave in workers with asthma: a follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate predictors of 1-year changes in sick leave in workers with asthma.\\u000a Methods: The initial cohort consisted of 111 workers with asthma. One-hundred and one participants completed the follow-up after\\u000a 1 year. Self-reported sick leave over the past 12 months was reported at baseline and at follow-up. At the start of this study,

Cécile R. L. Boot; Jan H. M. M. Vercoulen; Karin H. Orbon; Jos M. Rooijackers; Chris van Weel; Hans Th. M. Folgering

2005-01-01

103

ALCOHOLISM: A LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF PARTICIPANTS IN AN ALCOHOL TREATMENT PROGRAMME  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a long-term follow-up study of 112 alcoholic patients admitted to an intensive 1-month residential programme. Outcomes at the 6-month and 1-year stages were reported in an earlier paper (G. K. Shaw et al. (1990) British Journal of Psychiatry 157, 190-196). The length of the follow-up period in this study was an average of 9

G. K. SHAWf; S. WALLER; C. J. LATHAM; G. DUNN; A. D. THOMSON

104

Neuropsychological assessment in multiple sclerosis: a follow-up study with magnetic resonance imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nineteen moderately impaired patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis and an initially relapsing-remitting course were included in a neuropsychological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow-up study. The average test\\/re-test interval was about 2 years. The neuropsychological findings were indicative of a very mild overall impairment; the patients, as a group, showed no evidence of cognitive deterioration in the follow-up period.

C. Mariani; E. Farina; S. F. Cappa; G. P. Anzola; L. Faglia; L. Bevilacqua; R. Capra; F. Mattioli; L. A. Vignolo

1991-01-01

105

Therapeutic community drug treatment success in Peru: a follow-up outcome study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of drug abuse treatment in Peru that used the therapeutic community (TC) model. Program directors and several staff members from all study treatment facilities received two to eight weeks of in-country training on how to implement the TC treatment model prior to the follow-up study. METHODS: This outcome study

Knowlton Johnson; Zhenfeng Pan; Linda Young; Jude Vanderhoff; Steve Shamblen; Thom Browne; Ken Linfield; Geetha Suresh

2008-01-01

106

Methods used for successful follow-up in a large scale national cohort study in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Ensuring successful follow-up is essential when conducting a prospective cohort study. Most existing literature reviewing\\u000a methods to ensure a high response rate is based on experience in developed nations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Findings  We report our 4-year follow-up success for a national cohort study examining the health transition underway in Thailand. We\\u000a began the cohort study in 2005 with a baseline postal questionnaire sent

Sam-ang Seubsman; Matthew Kelly; Adrian Sleigh; Janya Peungson; Jaruwan Chokkanapitak; Duangkae Vilainerun

2011-01-01

107

Depressive symptoms in first episode psychosis: a one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Depressive symptoms are common in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) and have serious consequences for them. The main aims of this study were to examine the course of depression in FEP patients and explore whether any patient characteristics at baseline predicts depressive symptoms after one year. Method A total of 198 FEP patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were assessed for depressive symptoms with Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) at baseline and 127 were followed for one year. A CDSS score [greater than or equal to] 6 was used as a cut-off score for depression. Results Approximately 50% of the patients were depressed (CDSS[greater than or equal to]6) at baseline. At follow-up approximately 35% had depression. The course of depressive symptoms varied, 26% was depressed at both baseline and follow-up, 9% became depressed during the follow-up, 22% remitted from depression during the 12 months and 43% was neither depressed at baseline nor at follow-up. Poor childhood social functioning, long duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and depressive symptoms at baseline predicted depression at 12 months follow-up. Conclusion Depressive symptoms are frequent in the first year after onset of psychosis. Patients with poor social functioning in childhood, long DUP and depressive symptoms at baseline are more prone to have depressive symptoms after one year. These patients should be identified and proper treatment provided.

2013-01-01

108

Sierra Leone's Former Child Soldiers: A Follow-up Study of Psychosocial Adjustment and Community Reintegration  

PubMed Central

This is the first prospective study to investigate psychosocial adjustment in male and female former child soldiers (n=156, 12% female). The study began in Sierra Leone in 2002 and was designed to examine both risk and protective factors in psychosocial adjustment. Over the two-year period of follow up, youth who had wounded or killed others during the war demonstrated increases in hostility. Youth who survived rape had higher levels of anxiety and hostility, but also demonstrated greater confidence and prosocial attitudes at follow up. Of the potential protective resources examined, improved community acceptance was associated with reduced depression at follow up and improved confidence and prosocial attitudes regardless of levels of violence exposure. Retention in school was also associated with greater prosocial attitudes.

Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Borisova, Ivelina Ivanova; Williams, Timothy Philip; Brennan, Robert T.; Whitfield, T. Hatch; de la Soudiere, Marie; Williamson, John; Gilman, Stephen E.

2009-01-01

109

Managerial quality, administrative performance and trust in governance revisited : A follow-up study of causality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on a follow-up study of the relationship between managerial quality, administrative performance and citizens’ trust in government and in public administration systems. The study was based on a survey of 502 Israeli citizens conducted during 2002 and was compared with a similar study that was conducted during 2001 among 345 Israeli citizens. The research tried to validate and replicate

Eran Vigoda-Gadot; Fany Yuval

2003-01-01

110

The Course and Outcomes of Episodic Endogenous Psychoses with Juvenile Onset (a follow-up study)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A clinical follow-up study (mean follow-up period 16.8 ± 6.4 years) of 278 patients with juvenile-onset endogenous episodic\\u000a psychosis (Endogenous Psychosis Episodic Type, EPET – ICD-10 F20.03, F20.23, F25) with first episodes in 1984–1995 was performed.\\u000a The period of the most intense occurrence of repeated episodes occurred during the first five years from the initial episode\\u000a (almost all repeat episodes

V. G. Kaleda

2009-01-01

111

Follow up Study of Moderate Alcohol Intake and Mortality among Middle Aged Men in Shanghai, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the risk of death associated with various patterns of alcohol intake. Design: Prospective study of mortality in realtion to alcohol consumption at recruitment, with active annual follow up. Setting: Four small, geographically defined communities in Shanghai, China. Subjects: 18 244 men aged 45-64 years enrolled in a prospective study of diet and cancer during January 1986 to

Jian-Min Yuan; Ronald K. Ross; Yu-Tang Gao; Brian E. Henderson; Mimi C. Yu

1997-01-01

112

Pre-Placement Anxiety among Foundation-Year MSW Students: A Follow-up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Field Note presents a follow-up to a pilot study that explored pre-field placement anxiety for 1st-year MSW students. Previous studies report that students experience significant anxiety as they anticipate their field placement, and research indicates that anxiety has the potential to affect learning. A sample of 204 students reported…

Rosenthal Gelman, Caroline; Lloyd, Chrishana M.

2008-01-01

113

Sierra Leone's Former Child Soldiers: A Follow-Up Study of Psychosocial Adjustment and Community Reintegration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the first prospective study to investigate psychosocial adjustment in male and female former child soldiers (ages 10-18; n = 156, 12% female). The study began in Sierra Leone in 2002 and was designed to examine both risk and protective factors in psychosocial adjustment. Over the 2-year period of follow-up, youth who had wounded or killed…

Betancourt, Theresa Stichick; Borisova, Ivelina Ivanova; Williams, Timothy Philip; Brennan, Robert T.; Whitfield, Theodore H.; de la Soudiere, Marie; Williamson, John; Gilman, Stephen E.

2010-01-01

114

A follow-up study of heroin addicts (VEdeTTE2): study design and protocol  

PubMed Central

Background In Italy, a large cohort study (VEdeTTE1) was conducted between 1998–2001 to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments in reducing mortality and increasing treatment retention among heroin addicts. The follow-up of this cohort (VEdeTTE2) was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments on long-term outcomes, such as rehabilitation and social re-integration. The purpose of this paper is to describe the protocol of the VEdeTTE2 study, and to present the results of the pilot study carried out to assess the feasibility of the study and to improve study procedures. Methods The source population for the VEdeTTE2 study was the VEdeTTE1 cohort, from which a sample of 2,200 patients, traced two or more years after enrolment in the cohort, were asked to participate. An interview investigates drug use; overdose; family and social re-integration. Illegal activity are investigated separately in a questionnaire completed by the patient. Patients are also asked to provide a hair sample to test for heroin and cocaine use. Information on treatments and HIV, HBV and HCV morbidity are obtained from clinical records. A pilot phase was planned and carried out on 60 patients. Results The results of the pilot phase pointed out the validity of the procedures designed to limit attrition: the number of traced subjects was satisfactory (88%). Moreover, the pilot phase was very useful in identifying possible causes of delays and attrition, and flaws in the instruments. Improvements to the procedures and the instruments were subsequently implemented. Sensitivity of the biological test was quite good for heroin (78%) but lower for cocaine (42.3%), highlighting the need to obtain a hair sample from all patients. Conclusion In drug addiction research, studies investigating health status and social re-integration of subjects at long-term follow-up are lacking. The VEdeTTE2 study aims to investigate these outcomes at long-term follow-up. Results of the pilot phase underline the importance of the pilot phase when planning a follow-up study.

Vigna-Taglianti, Federica D; Mathis, Federica; Diecidue, Roberto; Burroni, Paola; Iannaccone, Antonio; Lampis, Fabio; Zuccaro, Piergiorgio; Pacifici, Roberta; Versino, Elisabetta; Davoli, Marina; Faggiano, Fabrizio

2007-01-01

115

Proportional hazards regression in epidemiologic follow-up studies: an intuitive consideration of primary time scale.  

PubMed

In epidemiologic cohort studies of chronic diseases, such as heart disease or cancer, confounding by age can bias the estimated effects of risk factors under study. With Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling in such studies, it would generally be recommended that chronological age be handled nonparametrically as the primary time scale. However, studies involving baseline measurements of biomarkers or other factors frequently use follow-up time since measurement as the primary time scale, with no explicit justification. The effects of age are adjusted for by modeling age at entry as a parametric covariate. Parametric adjustment raises the question of model adequacy, in that it assumes a known functional relationship between age and disease, whereas using age as the primary time scale does not. We illustrate this graphically and show intuitively why the parametric approach to age adjustment using follow-up time as the primary time scale provides a poor approximation to age-specific incidence. Adequate parametric adjustment for age could require extensive modeling, which is wasteful, given the simplicity of using age as the primary time scale. Furthermore, the underlying hazard with follow-up time based on arbitrary timing of study initiation may have no inherent meaning in terms of risk. Given the potential for biased risk estimates, age should be considered as the preferred time scale for proportional-hazards regression with epidemiologic follow-up data when confounding by age is a concern. PMID:22517300

Cologne, John; Hsu, Wan-Ling; Abbott, Robert D; Ohishi, Waka; Grant, Eric J; Fujiwara, Saeko; Cullings, Harry M

2012-07-01

116

Follow-Up Study of 1994 Nursing Graduates. Volume XXIV, Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an evaluation of the effectiveness of its nursing program, William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) in Illinois conducted a follow-up study of program graduates from 1994. One year after their graduation, questionnaires were sent to all 114 graduates from 1994, soliciting information on their employment status, future educational plans, and…

Lucas, John A.; Dincher, Judy

117

The George Engelmann Mathematics & Science Institute. A Follow Up Study and Evaluation: 1992 Alumni.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A follow-up study and evaluation were done on the effect of an annual 4-week academically intensive program for 50 St. Louis (Missouri) area high school junior and senior students. The program consists of two summers, the first offering general scientific experience and education, and the second providing students with the chance to conduct…

Granger, Charles R.; Mares, Kenneth R.

118

Freshman to Senior Year: A Follow-Up Study of Identity, Narcissism, and Defense Mechanisms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The identity status, narcissism, and use of defense mechanisms of 89 college seniors who had previously been assessed as they entered college (Cramer, 1995) was determined. As compared to earlier follow-up studies, fewer students were found in the Foreclosed status, and more students remained in Moratorium. Support was found for the previously made predictions that change in identity status would

Phebe Cramer

1998-01-01

119

Secondary Preventive Interventions with Preschool Children: A Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The long term effects of a preschool intervention program for an experimental group of high-risk, black, low income children were assessed and compared to a high-risk placebo control group and low-risk "normal" controls. Seventy first grade children were involved in this 2-year follow-up study. Of these children, 42 were involved in the preschool…

Rickel, Annette U.; Dyhdalo, Louise L.

120

Long-term follow-up study of children with chronic ITP  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 126 children with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, including 35 splenectomized cases, were investigated in a long-term follow-up study, with regard to residual hematologic and immunologic abnormalities, complications and physical growth. Such hemorrhagic symptoms as petechiae, ecchymosis and epistaxis were still observed in about 22% – 28% of the patients with a period of morbidity ranging from 3

Jun-ichi Akatsuka; Koji Fujisawa; Naoko Ishidoya; Nobuyuki Taguchi; Ichiro Tsukimoto; Giichi Tsujino; Takeshi Nagao; Tatsutoshi Nakahata; Sumio Miyazaki; Takeo Takeda; Taro Akabane

1989-01-01

121

Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1974 R.Ns. a Year After Graduation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of 41 registered nursing graduates of the 1974 class at Bakersfield College was surveyed in the summer of 1974 as part of a nursing education follow-up study. In the summer of 1975, the same group was surveyed again in order to compare the perceptions and aspirations reported by the graduates one year after graduation with those reported…

Scott, David C.

122

What patients think about ICU follow-up services: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: UK policy recommendations advocate the use of intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up services to help detect and treat patients' physical and emotional problems after hospital discharge and as a means of service evaluation. This study explores patients' perceptions and experiences of these services. METHODS: Thirty-four former ICU patients were recruited throughout the UK, using maximum variation sampling to achieve

Suman Prinjha; Kate Field; Kathy Rowan

2009-01-01

123

The natural course of myasthenia gravis: a long term follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long term follow up study is presented of 73 patients with myasthenia gravis, living in Amsterdam between 1926 and 1965. In the period 1961-65 the annual incidence was 3.1, the prevalence 53 per million. Maximum severity of the disease occurred during the first seven years after onset in 87%. Eighteen (29%) patients died, of whom eight had a thymoma

H J Oosterhuis

1989-01-01

124

A multicentre follow-up study of 1152 patients with myasthenia gravis in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multicentre retrospective study was carried out on the characteristics and course of myasthenia gravis (MG) in Italy. Data from 1152 patients, fairly representative of the myasthenic population seeking medical advice, were analysed for diagnostic criteria, clinical aspects and therapeutic approaches. Mean follow-up was 4.9 years. The disease was correctly diagnosed within 2 years of the onset in 80% of

R. Mantegazza; E. Beghi; D. Pareyson; C. Antozzi; D. Peluchetti; A. Sghirlanzoni; V. Cosi; M. Lombardi; G. Piccolo; P. Tonali; A. Evoli; E. Ricci; A. P. Batocchi; C. Angelini; G. F. MicaglioS; G. Marconi; R. Taiuti; L. Bergamini; L. Durelli; F. Cornelio

1990-01-01

125

Education Longitudinal Study of 2002: Base-Year to First Follow-Up Data File Documentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual has been produced to familiarize data users with the procedures followed for data collection and processing for the base year and first follow-up of the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002). It also provides the necessary documentat...

D. J. Pratt E. S. Stutts J. E. Rogers P. H. Siegel S. J. Ingels

2005-01-01

126

Suicidal Behavior in Adolescent Ex-Inpatients: A Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a 1991 Gallup poll, 6 percent of American adolescents admitted to suicide attempts. This follow-up study focused on the suicidal behavior before and after admission to a private psychiatric hospital of adolescent inpatients (N=25) who were part of an original sample of 150 inpatients. Compared to the non-respondent group, the respondent group…

Ahmadi, Kate S.; And Others

127

Follow-Up Study of 1990 Nursing Graduates. Volume XX, No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1990, a follow-up study of nursing program graduates was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) in Palatine, Illinois, to examine their employment patterns, further education plans, and evaluate particular aspects of their WRHC experience. All 98 nursing students who earned 48 credit hours in 1990 were mailed questionnaires 1 year…

Lucas, J.; Meltesen, C.

128

Antecedents of teenage pregnancy from a 14-year follow-up study using data linkage  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Many western nations continue to have high rates of teenage pregnancies and births, which can result in adverse outcomes for both mother and child. This study identified possible antecedents of teenage pregnancy using linked data from administrative sources to create a 14-year follow-up from a cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data were drawn from two sources - the 1993 Western Australian

Jennifer Gaudie; Francis Mitrou; David Lawrence; Fiona J Stanley; Sven R Silburn; Stephen R Zubrick

2010-01-01

129

The Preschool Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment Study (PATS) 6-Year Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the clinical course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity and diagnosis from ages 3 to 5 up to 9 to 12 years during a 6-year follow-up after the original Preschool ADHD Treatment Study (PATS). Method: A total of 207 participants (75% male) from the original PATS, assessed at baseline (mean age,…

Riddle, Mark A.; Yershova, Kseniya; Lazzaretto, Deborah; Paykina, Natalya; Yenokyan, Gayane; Greenhill, Laurence; Abikoff, Howard; Vitiello, Benedetto; Wigal, Tim; McCracken, James T.; Kollins, Scott H.; Murray, Desiree W.; Wigal, Sharon; Kastelic, Elizabeth; McGough, James J.; dosReis, Susan; Bauzo-Rosario, Audrey; Stehli, Annamarie; Posner, Kelly

2013-01-01

130

Nursing Education Follow-Up Study--1974 R.Ns. a Year After Graduation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A group of 41 registered nursing graduates of the 1974 class at Bakersfield College was surveyed in the summer of 1974 as part of a nursing education follow-up study. In the summer of 1975, the same group was surveyed again in order to compare the perceptions and aspirations reported by the graduates one year after graduation with those reported…

Scott, David C.

131

The association between gout and nephrolithiasis in men: The Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between gout and nephrolithiasis in men: The Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study. Approximately 10 million adults in the United States have experienced the passage of a kidney stone, and up to 5 million have been diagnosed with gout by a physician. Previous reports have suggested that gout increases the risk for the development of kidney stones, but there are

Holly J. Kramer; Hyon K. Choi; Karen Atkinson; Meir Stampfer; Gary C. Curhan

2003-01-01

132

Applying Hierarchical Linear Modeling to Extended Longitudinal Evaluations: The Boys Town Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strategies are presented for analyzing longitudinal research designs with many waves of data using hierarchical linear modeling. The approach defines well-focused parameters that yield meaningful effect size estimates and significance tests. It is illustrated with data from the Boys Town Follow-Up Study. (SLD)|

Osgood, D. Wayne; Smith, Gail L.

1995-01-01

133

Career Program Completers, 1993-94: A Long-Term Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This long-term follow-up study, conducted in the summer of 1998 by Johnson County Community College (JCCC, Kansas) focused on graduates, certificate recipients, and students identified by career program administrators as leaving with marketable skills in 1993-94. Since first administering this type of survey in 1989, JCCC has gained a broader…

Conklin, Karen A.

134

Career Program Completers, 1991-92: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In summer 1996, a long-term follow-up study was conducted of 1991-92 graduates of career programs at Johnson County Community College (JCCC), in Kansas. Questionnaires were mailed to 646 graduates, certificate holders, and students who left JCCC with marketable skills to assess their satisfaction with their educational experiences and their…

Conklin, Karen A.

135

Clinically diagnosed childhood asthma and follow-up of symptoms in a Swedish case control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma has risen dramatically not only in the western societies and now forms a major and still increasing public health problem. The aims of this study were to follow up at the age of ten the patterns of asthma symptoms and associations among children with a clinically diagnosed asthma in a sizeable urban-rural community and to in compare

Eduardo Roel; Åshild Faresjö; Olle Zetterström; Erik Trell; Tomas Faresjö

2005-01-01

136

A Four-Year Follow-Up Study of Underachieving College Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-year follow-up study of underachieving college freshmen measured changes in the self-concept of those still in college and those who had dropped out. Significant differences generally favored college seniors. Findings also indicate that dropping out of college may be a positive experience. (Author)

Valine, Warren J.

1976-01-01

137

Leadership Challenges Converting a Large High School to Small Schools: A Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This follow-up study presents findings from 11 structured interv iews that were conducted with principals engaged in a conv ersion from a large comprehensiv e high school to six small schools. Key findings are (a) the greatest barrier to improv ement was entrenched instructional patterns and (b) goals of college readiness and social\\/ emotional dev elopment, espoused by principals, only

James H. Nehring; Jill H. Lohmeier

2010-01-01

138

Follow-Up Study of 1986 Nursing Graduates. Volume XVI, No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 1987, a follow-up study of nursing program graduates was conducted at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) to examine employment patterns, further education plans, and graduates' evaluation of particular aspects of their WRHC experience. Questionnaires were mailed to 112 nursing students who graduated with an associate degree in 1986.…

Dincher, J.; Flaherty, A.

139

A Follow-Up Study of the ABRACADABRA Web-Based Literacy Intervention in Grade 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports the follow-up of a randomised control trial study of the ABRACADABRA web-based literacy intervention that contrasted synthetic versus analytic phonics (Comaskey, Savage & Abrami, 2009) in kindergarten children from urban low-SES backgrounds. Participants who received a "synthetic" phonics+phoneme awareness training (n = 26) or…

Di Stasio, Maria Rosaria; Savage, Robert; Abrami, Philip C.

2012-01-01

140

Long-Term Follow-up Study of Children Developmentally Retarded by Early Environmental Deprivation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a 14-year follow-up study of two developmentally retarded Japanese children, a brother and sister, who had been kept shut up in a small shack before being rescued (at ages 5 and 6 respectively). Following birth they consistently suffered malnutrition, maternal deprivation, social isolation from adults, language deprivation,…

Fujinaga, Tamotsu; And Others

141

Retained Thorium Dioxide Media in Seminal Vesiculography. A Follow-Up Study with Dose Estimates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A brief review of the English and Japanese literature as to the past use of thorium dioxide-containing media is presented. Physical and laboratory findings including roentgenography in a follow-up study of 23 cases who received such contrast material for ...

W. J. Russell F. Hattori L. B. Morrow H. Yoshinaga T. Kogure

1964-01-01

142

Surgical removal of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in pathologic myopia: a 12-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to review the 12-year visual outcomes of patients who underwent surgical removal for subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) attributable to pathologic myopia. This retrospective study included 14 patients, with a mean age of 45.8 years, high myopia (>6 D) and classic subfoveal CNV. They were treated with pars plana vitrectomy and surgical removal of CNV. All patients were followed up every 3 months for 2 years, with visual acuity (VA), fundus examination, and fluorescein angiography and then every year for 5 years. Ten patients underwent a final visit with VA and fundus examination after a minimum 12-year follow-up. The main outcome measurement was VA and the secondary outcome measurement was the lesion size. After 12 years of follow-up, the mean VA did not significantly change over time, with a mean gain of 0.22 logMAR at 1 year, and 0.18, 0.12 and 0.05 at 2, 5 and 12 years, respectively. The anatomical evolution was characterized by a significant enlargement of the lesion size at 5 years. This study showed that final VA after surgical treatment with 12 years of follow-up was poor, due to the significant CNV scar enlargement over time. These results should prompt a prospective randomized study of other medical treatments, particularly anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. PMID:23539478

Hera, R; Chiquet, C; Romanet, J P

2013-03-29

143

Eight-Year Follow-Up Study of Black Hawk College's Non-Traditional Degree Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During 1980, Black Hawk Community College conducted a follow-up study of the 92 students who had graduated with an Associate in Liberal Arts (ALS) degree since 1973. The degree differs from the college's more traditional degrees in emphasizing less restrictive residency requirements, opportunities to develop a personalized course of instruction,…

Stevens, Mary A.

144

Tracing Beginning Teachers’ Use of an Online Communitiy: A Follow-Up Study. Presentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study follows-up with beginning teachers who were involved in the Inquiry Learning Forum (ILF) during their pre-service education. The ILF is an online professional development community for teachers built on the theoretical foundations of situated cognition (Lave & Wenger, 1991) and communities of practice (Wenger, 1998). Online communities would appear to have great potential to connect new teachers into

Julie A. Moore; Boyoung Chae

2006-01-01

145

Oxamniquine Treatment for Schistosomal Polyposis: A 1-2 Year Follow-Up Study,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A follow-up was carried out into the study of schistosomal colonic polyposis reported in the last article. Eighteen patients with schistosomal colonic polyposis were treated with oxamniquine and their progress was evaluated for 2-3 weeks after treatment, ...

N. A. El-Masry Z. Farid S. Bassily M. E. Kilpatrick R. H. Watten

1986-01-01

146

A Follow-Up Study on Teacher Evaluation in China: Historical Analysis and Latest Trends  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research study follows up on previous investigations of the ongoing curriculum reform in China and its repercussions (actual and potential) on the effectiveness of the teacher evaluation process there (Liu & Teddlie, 2004, 2005). With the full implementation of the new curriculum reform throughout the country, teacher evaluation is becoming…

Liu, Shujie; Teddlie, Charles

2005-01-01

147

WHI and WHIMS follow-up and human studies of soy isoflavones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent follow-up analyses of the previous findings from the Women's Health Initiative and the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study confirmed some health benefits of estrogen- containing hormone therapy (HT) in women within 10 years from the onset of menopause. However, the potential risks associated with long-term administration of HT, such as breast cancer and stroke, remain a concern for therapy

Liqin Zhao; Roberta Diaz Brinton

148

Observational study on Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy: clinical features, diagnosis, prognosis and follow-up  

PubMed Central

Objectives The present study attempts to identify appropriate elements that may contribute to clarify the broad clinical features (diagnosis, care, complication and prognosis) of Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy for improving its management. Design study Observational study. Setting Primary level of care referred to the emergency department of Vannini Hospital, Rome, Italy. Participants The study population consisted of 75 patients, 72 of the them were women and 3 were men with a mean age of 71.9±9.6?years. Methods From February 2004 to November 2010, prospectively included 84 consecutive patients diagnosed for suspected Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy. To be eligible, patients had to meet all the Mayo clinic criteria in the absence of neurological trauma or intracranial haemorrhage. Moreover, those patients that at follow-up still presented alteration of acute phase at ECG and echocardiogram were excluded. Thus, 75 patients comprised the study population. To follow-up 19 patients were lost. Results None of 75 patients died in acute phase. All patients were promptly discharged (8.4±4.4?days), since they recovered their normal functional status without symptoms. Follow-up information was available for 56 patients. At a mean follow-up time of 2.2±2?years (range, 0.1–6.8?years) two octogenarian patients (2.6%) died because of sudden cardiac death and pulmonary embolism, respectively. The Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy recurred in one patient. Conclusions The results of this study support the previous reports about the good prognosis, also in critically ill patients, of Takotsubo-like cardiomyopathy. Further assessment will be needed to determine a careful and sustained follow-up for choosing the best care and foreseeing the recurrences of this emerging condition.

Cacciotti, Luca; Passaseo, Ilaria; Marazzi, Giuseppe; Camastra, Giovanni; Campolongo, Giuseppe; Beni, Sergio; Lupparelli, Fabrizio; Ansalone, Gerardo

2012-01-01

149

A follow-up study of women in the synthetic rubber industry: study methods.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Concerns about the possible toxic effects of workplace exposures in the synthetic rubber industry have centered on 1,3-butadiene (BD), styrene and dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDTC). Our previous mortality studies of over 17,000 male synthetic rubber workers found an excess of leukemia that may be due to BD or BD plus other chemicals. Experimental studies have shown that BD produces mammary tumors in female mice and rats and ovarian tumors in female mice. AIM: This paper presents the methods of a follow-up study that evaluates the mortality experience of women employed in the North American synthetic rubber industry. METHODS: Women employed for at least 1 day at any of eight North American styrene-butadiene rubber plants were followed up from 1943 to 2002. Identifying and work history information were obtained from personnel records. Estimated quantitative exposure to BD, styrene and DMDTC, developed for our previous study of men, were used in this study. External analyses use the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) to compare the cohort's cause-specific mortality rates to the rates of the female general population of the states or the province where the plants are located. Internal analyses use the Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazards models to examine specific cancer mortality rates in relation to BD, styrene and DMDTC exposure, by comparing an exposed cohort subgroup with the rate of unexposed cohort members. PMID:17229413

Sathiakumar, Nalini; Delzell, Elizabeth

2006-11-23

150

Predictors of Persistent ADHD: An 11-year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Despite the existence of several follow-up studies of children with ADHD followed up into adulthood, there is limited information on whether patterns of persistence and remission in ADHD can be predicted over the long-term. The main aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of persistence of ADHD in a large sample of boys with and without ADHD followed prospectively for 11 years into young adulthood. Method Subjects were Caucasian, non-Hispanic boys with (N=110) and without (N=105) ADHD who were 6 to 17 years old at the baseline assessment (mean age 11 years) and 15 to 31 years old at the follow-up assessment (mean age 22 years). Subjects were comprehensively and blindly assessed with structured diagnostic interviews and assessments of cognitive, social, school, and family functioning. Results At the 11-year follow-up, 78% of children with ADHD continued to have a full (35%) or a partial persistence (subsyndromal (22%), impaired functioning (15%), or remitted but treated (6%)). Predictors of persistence were severe impairment of ADHD, psychiatric comorbidity, and exposure to maternal psychopathology at baseline. Conclusions These findings prospectively confirm that persistence of ADHD over the long term is predictable from psychosocial adversity and psychiatric comorbidity ascertained 11 years earlier.

Biederman, Joseph; Petty, Carter R.; Clarke, Allison; Lomedico, Alexandra; Faraone, Stephen V.

2011-01-01

151

Scabies increased the risk of chronic kidney disease: a 5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The most documented complication of scabies has been reported to be infection by group A streptococci, which has in turn been suggested to contribute to the development of glomerulonephritis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) subsequent to scabies utilizing a population-based dataset in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective matched-cohort study included 5071 subjects with scabies and 25 355 randomly selected comparison subjects. We individually tracked each subject for a 5-year period to identify those who subsequently received a diagnosis of CKD during the follow-up period. Stratified Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to compute the hazard ratio (HR) of CKD during the 5-year follow-up period. RESULTS: The incidence rate of CKD during the 5-year follow-up period was 9.66 (8.51-10.93) per 1,000 person-years and 6.24 (5.82-6.69) per 1000 person-years for subjects with and without scabies respectively. The HR for CKD during the 5-year follow-up period for subjects with scabies was 1.34 (95% CI = 1.15-1.56) that of comparison subjects after adjusting for monthly income, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, stroke, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tobacco use disorder, hyperlipidemia and alcohol abuse during the 5-year follow-up period. Male subjects with scabies were 1.40 (95% CI = 1.14-1.71) times more likely than comparison subjects to suffer from subsequent CKD, and female study subjects were 1.27 (95% CI = 1.05-1.61) times more likely. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that there was an increased risk for CKD among patients suffering from scabies. PMID:23374101

Chung, S-D; Wang, K-H; Huang, C-C; Lin, H-C

2013-02-01

152

Replacement of restorations in subjects with symptoms associated with dental restorations; a follow-up study.  

PubMed

The aim of this follow-up study was to assess the long-term development of symptoms and their social consequences among patients referred for diagnosis and treatment of symptoms believed to be related to dental-restorative materials. A questionnaire was sent to 614 such patients containing questions on civil status, present health, changes between baseline and follow-up, current employment situation, and consequences of the problems. The results showed that patients with complex symptoms at baseline had a worse prognosis (i.e. more symptoms remaining) at follow-up than patients with local symptoms only. Replacement of dental materials seemed to have the largest impact on the alleviation of the symptoms reported. Those with remaining complex symptoms had more often stopped working or had decreased their work hours because of their symptoms. Only one-sixth of the patients were symptom-free at the follow-up. Our results indicate a relationship between patients with complex symptoms and social consequences in daily life. Therefore, social factors must be taken into consideration when examining the patients. Dental, medical, and social factors have to be considered simultaneously when examining a patient with symptoms that they relate to dental materials, in order to recommend appropriate care-management programs for this group of patients. PMID:18705804

Tillberg, Anders; Mårell, Lena; Berglund, Anders; Eriksson, Nils

2008-08-01

153

Effects of art therapy with prison inmates: A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pilot study conducted to measure the effects of art therapy with prison inmates (Gussak, 2004) demonstrated marked improvement in mood. The results of this study encouraged a quantitative follow-up study the following year. This study used the Formal Elements Art Therapy Scale (FEATS) and the Beck Depression Inventory-Short Form (BDI-II) as pre and post-test assessments to assess the effects

David Gussak

2006-01-01

154

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Increases the Risk of Stroke A 5Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose—No previous study has investigated the incidence or risk of cerebrovascular diseases developing after the sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). This study sets out to estimate the risk of stroke development among SSNHL patients during a 5e-year follow-up period after hospitalization for acute episodes of SSNHL. Methods—Our study design features a study cohort and a comparison cohort. The

Herng-Ching Lin; Pin-Zhir Chao; Hsin-Chien Lee

2010-01-01

155

THE LIE\\/BET QUESTIONNAIRE FOR SCREENING PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLERS: A FOLLOW-UP STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Szrmmary.-This study follows up one in which was derived a nvo-item screening questionnaire for pathological gambling. In the previous study, the nvo-item screening questionnaire had sensitivity of .99 and specificity of .91. In this study, testing 295 men (116 pathological gamblers and 179 controls) and 128 women (30 pathological gamblers and 98 controls). sensitivity was 1.00 and specificity .85. In

EDWARD E. JOHNSON; ROBERT M. HAMER; RENA M. NORA

1998-01-01

156

Working conditions and weight gain: a 28-year follow-up study of industrial employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal studies observing working conditions and weight gain are rare. We aimed to study whether weight gain can be predicted\\u000a by working conditions or changes in them in a 28-year follow-up. The study population consisted of working-aged industrial\\u000a employees (n = 449). Data on height and weight were collected in clinical examinations in 1973, 1983 and 2001, and information on working\\u000a conditions

Tea Lallukka; Sirpa Sarlio-Lähteenkorva; Leena Kaila-Kangas; Janne Pitkäniemi; Ritva Luukkonen; Päivi Leino-Arjas

2008-01-01

157

Delirium in elderly home-treated patients: a prospective study with 6-month follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delirium usually occurs during hospitalisation. The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of delirium in “hospital-at-home”\\u000a compared to a traditional hospital ward and to assess mortality, hospital readmissions and institutionalisation rates at 6-month\\u000a follow-up in elderly patients with intermediate\\/high risk for delirium at baseline according to the criteria of Inouye. We\\u000a performed a prospective, non-randomised, observational study

Gianluca Isaia; Marco A. Astengo; Vittoria Tibaldi; Mauro Zanocchi; Benedetta Bardelli; Rossella Obialero; Alessandra Tizzani; Mario Bo; Corrado Moiraghi; Mario Molaschi; Nicoletta Aimonino Ricauda

2009-01-01

158

Parenting and psychosocial development of IVF children: a follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This report details a follow-up study of the parent-child relationship and the child's psychosocial development after IVF. The pilot study compared 31 IVF families and 31 families with a naturally conceived child when the children were aged 2 years. Twenty-seven IVF and 23 control families participated again when the children were aged 8-9 years. METHODS: Fathers and mothers completed

H. Colpin; S. Soenen

2002-01-01

159

Sexual dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: a 2-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and objective. Sexual dysfunction severely affects the quality of life of patients, but longitudinal studies of sexual function in multiple sclerosis are lacking. We performed a study on a group of patients with multiple sclerosis to evaluate the change in sexual function and to examine the relationship between sexual dysfunction and other clinical variables over time.Methods. A 2-year follow-up

M Zorzon; R Zivadinov; L Monti Bragadin; R Moretti; R De Masi; D Nasuelli; G Cazzato

2001-01-01

160

Dimensions of Post-Stroke Fatigue: A Two-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the course of poststroke fatigue in a cohort of first-time stroke patients compared to the general population, and to identify clinically relevant features of post-stroke fatigue. Methods: We performed a follow-up study of 165 patients with first-time stroke admitted to acute stroke units at the Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. A reference

Doris Christensen; Soeren Paaske Johnsen; Torquil Watt; Ingegerd Harder; Marit Kirkevold; Grethe Andersen

2008-01-01

161

Health factors and longevity in men and women: a 26-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health factors have the power to prevent and postpone diseases and death; however, studies using the same methodology in both\\u000a men and women are sparse. We aimed to study the ability of health factors to prevent mortality in a population-based, 26-year\\u000a follow-up of Swedish men and women. During 1969–70, a health-screening programme was offered to a stratified sample of 3,064

Axel C. Carlsson; Holger Theobald; Per E. Wändell

2010-01-01

162

Replication of genetic linkage by follow-up of previously studied pedigrees  

SciTech Connect

Independent replication of linkage in previously studied pedigrees is desirable when genetic heterogeneity is suspected or when the illness is very rare. When the likelihood of the new data in this type of replication study is computed as conditional on the previously reported linkage results, it can be considered independent. The authors describe a simulation method using the SLINK program in which the initial data are fixed and newly genotyped individuals are simulated under [theta] = .01 and [theta] = .50. These give appropriate lod score criteria for rejection and acceptance of linkage in the follow-up study, which take into account the original marker genotypes in the data. An estimate of the power to detect linkage in the follow-up data is also generated. 13 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Gershon, E.S.; Goldin, L.R. (National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States))

1994-04-01

163

Follow-up study of a nation-wide neonatal metabolic screening program in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nationwide neonatal sreening program for phenylketonuria (PKU), maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), homocystinuria, histidinemia and galactosemia was started in Japan in 1977. The total number of infants screened had reached 6,311,754 by March, 1982. A follow-up study revealed the incidence of the disease in Japan: 1\\/108,823 for PKU; 1\\/450,840 for hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA); 1\\/1,577,939 for biopterin deficiency; 1\\/525,980 for MSUD;

K. Tada; H. Tateda; S. Arashima; K. Sakai; T. Kitagawa; K. Aoki; S. Suwa; M. Kawamura; T. Oura; M. Takesada; Y. Kuroda; F. Yamashita; I. Matsuda; H. Naruse

1984-01-01

164

Symptomatic internal carotid artery occlusion: a long-term follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundInformation on outcome of patients with occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is limited by the short duration of follow-up and lack of haemodynamic studies on the brain.MethodsThe authors prospectively investigated 117 consecutive patients with transient or moderately disabling cerebral or retinal ischaemia associated with ICA occlusion between September 1995 and July 1998, and followed them until June 2008.

Suzanne Persoon; Merel J A Luitse; Gert Jan de Borst; Albert van der Zwan; Ale Algra; L Jaap Kappelle; Catharina J M Klijn

2010-01-01

165

Capturing Teachers’ Generative Change: A Follow-Up Study of Professional Development in Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study documents how teachers who participated in a professional development program on understanding the development of students’ mathematical thinking continued to implement the principles of the program 4 years after it ended. Twenty-two teachers participated in follow-up interviews and classroom observations. All 22 teachers maintained some use of children’s thinking and 10 teachers continued learning in noticeable ways. The

Megan Loef Franke; Thomas P. Carpenter; Linda Levi; Elizabeth Fennema

2001-01-01

166

Improvement of Report Workflow and Productivity Using Speech Recognition—A Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech recognition (SR), available since the 1980s, has only recently become sufficiently reliable to allow utilization in\\u000a medical environment. This study measured the effect of SR for the radiological dictation process and estimated differences\\u000a in report turnaround times (RTTs). During the transition from cassette-based reporting to SR, the workflow of 14 radiologists\\u000a was periodically followed up for 2 years in a

Mika P. Koivikko; Tomi Kauppinen; Juhani Ahovuo

2008-01-01

167

Alexithymia and suicidal ideation: A 12-month follow-up study in a general population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alexithymic features are often associated with depression, which is the most important risk factor for suicidal behaviors. Nevertheless, little is known about the associations between alexithymia and suicidality. In this 12-month follow-up study we investigated the relationship between alexithymia and suicidal ideation in a sample of the general population (N = 1,563) using the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and

Jukka Hintikka; Kirsi Honkalampi; Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen; Risto Antikainen; Antti Tanskanen; Kaisa Haatainen; Heimo Viinamäki

2004-01-01

168

Follow up exercise studies in paediatric obesity: implications for long term effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine the effects of exercise training on paediatric obesity immediately after training and at a one year follow up and to provide recommendations for future research.Methods: Studies that met the following criteria were included in a meta-analysis: (a) at least six subjects per group; (b) subject groups consisting of children in the 4–17 year age range; (c) pre-test

M T Maziekas; L M LeMura; N M Stoddard; S Kaercher; T Martucci

2003-01-01

169

Meniscus allograft transplantation using posterior peripheral suture technique: a preliminary follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to describe the indication, planning, technique, rehabilitation, and clinical results after cryopreserved allograft meniscus transplantation. Forty consecutive patients, 33 men and 7 women (mean, 37.3 years of age), were evaluated at 1-year follow-up post surgery. Symptoms, patient satisfaction, ROM (range of motion), surgical time, blood loss, and surgical history were evaluated. Thirty-eight (95%) patients

Kazumasa Fukushima; Nobuo Adachi; Joon Y. Lee; Vladimir Martinek; Mark Urquhart; Junnosuke Ryu; Freddie H. Fu

2004-01-01

170

Maternal hypothyroxinaemia during early pregnancy and subsequent child development: a 3-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of maternal hypo- thyroxinaemia during early gestation (fT4 below the lowest tenth percentile and TSH within the reference range: 0·15-2·0 mIU\\/l) on infant development, together with any subsequent changes in fT4 during gestation. DESIGN A prospective 3-year follow-up study of pre- gnant women and their children up to the age of 2 years. MEASUREMENTS

Victor J. Pop; Evelien P. Brouwers; Huib L. Vader; Thomas Vulsma; Baar van A. L; Vijlder de J. J. M

2003-01-01

171

A cost study of new media supported near oral anticoagulant treatment follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: In this study we sought to develop a comparative cost evaluation between conventional and new media, e.g. web, mobile communication technology and digital television, and near patient testing supported anticoagulant (ac) treatment follow-up in a primary health care setting. Method: The comparison was done for two patient groups, self-care and home-care patients, on oral ac treatment in the primary

Samuli Niiranen; Heikki Lamminen; Kirsi Niemi; Heikki Mattila; Seppo Kalli

2003-01-01

172

Patient education in type 2 diabetes—A randomized controlled 1-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of empowerment group education on type 2 diabetes patients’ confidence in diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, satisfaction with daily life, BMI and glycaemic control compared with the impact of routine diabetes care on the same factors at a 1-year follow-up. In this randomized controlled trial, conducted at 7 primary care centres

Eva Thors Adolfsson; Marie-Louise Walker-Engström; Bibbi Smide; Karin Wikblad

2007-01-01

173

Comparing effect sizes in follow-up studies: ROC Area, Cohen's d, and r.  

PubMed

In order to facilitate comparisons across follow-up studies that have used different measures of effect size, we provide a table of effect size equivalencies for the three most common measures: ROC area (AUC), Cohen's d, and r. We outline why AUC is the preferred measure of predictive or diagnostic accuracy in forensic psychology or psychiatry, and we urge researchers and practitioners to use numbers rather than verbal labels to characterize effect sizes. PMID:16254746

Rice, Marnie E; Harris, Grant T

2005-10-01

174

A Follow-Up Study of Girls With Gender Identity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provided information on the natural histories of 25 girls with gender identity disorder (GID). Standardized assessment data in childhood (mean age, 8.88 years; range, 3–12 years) and at follow-up (mean age, 23.24 years; range, 15–36 years) were used to evaluate gender identity and sexual orientation. At the assessment in childhood, 60% of the girls met the Diagnostic and

Kelley D. Drummond; Susan J. Bradley; Michele Peterson-Badali; Kenneth J. Zucker

2008-01-01

175

Panic disorder and subthreshold panic in the light of comorbidity: a follow-up study.  

PubMed

Especially in the presence of agoraphobia and comorbid conditions, panic disorder causes significant impairment in life quality. Although there are several studies about epidemiology and clinical features, subthreshold symptoms and courses of comorbidity have not been studied sufficiently in panic disorder. The current study assessed the courses of panic disorder and subthreshold panic symptoms in consideration of the major and subthreshold comorbid conditions. Patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-diagnosed panic disorder were assessed using the panic disorder follow-up questionnaire, Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders was used to determine comorbidity, and all participants were received to 1-year follow-up. Comorbidity assessment showed that the threshold comorbidity decreased, while the subthreshold comorbidity increased at 1-year follow-up. Panic disorder symptom severity was decreased, but subthreshold panic symptoms continued to be present within the course of the illness. Presence of agoraphobia and duration of disease were significantly related with higher Panic and Agoraphobia Scale scores in the second assessment, and these relationships were independent from the treatment process. Even if the comorbidity and the severity of panic decrease with treatment, subthreshold panic and comorbid symptoms may still resist in panic disorder. PMID:22425529

Oral, Elif; Aydin, Nazan; Gulec, Mustafa; Oral, Meltem

2012-03-16

176

Developing COPD: a 25 year follow up study of the general population  

PubMed Central

Background Smokers are more prone to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non?smokers, but this finding comes from studies spanning 10?years or less. The aim of this study was to determine the 25?year absolute risk of developing COPD in men and women from the general population. Methods As part of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 8045 men and women aged 30–60?years with normal lung function at baseline were followed for 25?years. Lung function measurements were collected and mortality from COPD during the 25?year observation period was analysed. Results The percentage of men with normal lung function ranged from 96% of never smokers to 59% of continuous smokers; for women the proportions were 91% and 69%, respectively. The 25?year incidence of moderate and severe COPD was 20.7% and 3.6%, respectively, with no apparent difference between men and women. Smoking cessation, especially early in the follow up period, decreased the risk of developing COPD substantially compared with continuous smoking. During the follow up period there were 2912 deaths, 109 of which were from COPD. 92% of the COPD deaths occurred in subjects who were current smokers at the beginning of the follow up period. Conclusion The absolute risk of developing COPD among continuous smokers is at least 25%, which is larger than was previously estimated.

L?kke, A; Lange, P; Scharling, H; Fabricius, P; Vestbo, J

2006-01-01

177

An electronic clinic for arthroplasty follow-up: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Most outpatient orthopedic follow-up visits for patients who had total joint arthroplasty are routine among those with well-functioning implants. The technology and resources now exist to enable patient assessment without requiring attendance in hospital. We tested an electronic clinic for routine follow-up in a small cohort of arthroplasty patients. Methods We randomly assigned primary arthroplasty patients scheduled for routine annual outpatient review into 2 groups: group A completed a Web-based assessment 4 weeks after the clinical assessment, whereas group B completed the Web-based assessment first. Standard clinical questionnaires were included. We also collected radiographic data and information on assessment duration and cost. Results Forty patients participated in the study. The average age of participants was 58 years. There were 12 men and 8 women in each of the 2 groups. The average total time spent by patients on an outpatient visit was 115 minutes, compared with 52 minutes for the electronic assessment. Participants reported the electronic assessment to be more convenient and less costly. Conclusion This pilot study supports the practical use of an electronic clinic for the follow-up of arthroplasty patients. Further studies examining the complex interaction of factors involved in patient clinics are needed.

Wood, Gavin; Naudie, Douglas; MacDonald, Steve; McCalden, Richard; Bourne, Robert

2011-01-01

178

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: FOLLOW UP QUESTIONNAIRE (UA-D-11.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the Follow Up Questionnaire. This questionnaire was developed for use in the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Household and individual follow-up data were combined in a single Follow-up Questionnaire data...

179

Newly diagnosed incident dizziness of older patients: a follow-up study in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background Dizziness is a common complaint of older patients in primary care, yet not much is known about the course of incident dizziness. The aim of the study was to follow-up symptoms, subjective impairments and needs of older patients (?65) with incident dizziness and to determine predictors of chronic dizziness. Furthermore, we analysed general practitioners' (GPs') initial diagnoses, referrals and revised diagnoses after six months. Methods An observational study was performed in 21 primary care practices in Germany, including a four-week and six-month follow-up. A questionnaire comprising characteristic matters of dizziness and a series of validated instruments was completed by 66 participants during enrolment and follow-up (after 1 month and 6 months). After six months, chart reviews and face-to-face interviews were also performed with the GPs. Results Mean scores of dizziness handicap, depression and quality of life were not or only slightly affected, and did not deteriorate during follow-up; however, 24 patients (34.8%) showed a moderate or severe dizziness handicap, and 43 (62.3%) showed a certain disability in terms of quality of life at the time of enrolment. In multivariate analysis, n = 44 patients suffering from chronic dizziness (dependent variable, i.e. relapsing or persistent at six months) initially had a greater dizziness handicap (OR 1.42, 95%CI 1.05-1.47) than patients with transient dizziness. GPs referred 47.8% of the patients to specialists who detected two additional cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Conclusions New-onset dizziness relapsed or persisted in a considerable number of patients within six months. This was difficult to predict due to the patients' heterogeneous complaints and characteristics. Symptom persistence does not seem to be associated with deterioration of the psychological status in older primary care patients. Management strategies should routinely consider BPPV as differential diagnosis.

2011-01-01

180

Therapeutic community drug treatment success in Peru: a follow-up outcome study  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of drug abuse treatment in Peru that used the therapeutic community (TC) model. Program directors and several staff members from all study treatment facilities received two to eight weeks of in-country training on how to implement the TC treatment model prior to the follow-up study. Methods This outcome study involved 33 TC treatment facilities and 509 former clients in Lima and other cities in five providences across Peru. A retrospective pre-test (RPT) follow-up design was employed in which 30-day use of illegal drugs and alcohol to intoxication was measured at baseline retrospectively, at the same time of the six-month follow-up. In-person interview data were collected from directors of 73 percent of the eligible TC organizations in January and February 2003 and from former 58 percent of the eligible TC former clients between October 2003 and October 2004. Drug testing was conducted on a small sample of former clients to increase the accuracy of the self-reported drug use data. Results Medium to large positive treatment effects were found when comparing 30-day illegal drug and alcohol use to intoxication before and six months after receiving treatment. As a supplemental analysis, we assumed the 42 percent of the former clients who were not interviewed at the six month assessment had returned to drugs. These results showed medium treatment effects as well. Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling (HGLM) results showed higher implementation fidelity, less stigma after leaving treatment, and older clients, singly or in combination are key predictors of treatment success. Conclusion This study found that former clients of drug and alcohol treatment in facilities using the TC model reported substantial positive change in use of illegal drugs and alcohol to intoxication at a six-month follow-up. The unique contribution of this study is that the results also suggest attention should be placed on the importance of implementing the TC drug abuse treatment model with fidelity. Further, the results strongly suggest that TC drug abuse treatment programs should incorporate follow-up activities that attempt to neutralize community negative reactions (perceived stigma) independent of other factors.

Johnson, Knowlton; Pan, Zhenfeng; Young, Linda; Vanderhoff, Jude; Shamblen, Steve; Browne, Thom; Linfield, Ken; Suresh, Geetha

2008-01-01

181

A selective follow-up study on a public health survey  

PubMed Central

Background: The non-response rates in surveys are increasing which is problematic as it means that a progressively smaller proportion of the population represents the majority, and it is uncertain how health survey results are affected. This follow-up was performed on the non-responders to the postal questionnaire in the public health survey Life and Health, conducted in Örebro County Council, Sweden, where large differences in response rates had been found between different socio-demographic groups and geographical areas. The main objective was to analyse non-response bias regarding self-rated health. Methods: This follow-up study was conducted as a census to all non-responders in the area that had the lowest response rate and, in one other geographical area used as a control. It was carried out by telephone interviews, 49.3% (580 individuals) answered the follow-up. The outcome variable was self-rated health, a main variable in public health surveys. Differences in response patterns between responders and initial non-responders were approximated by prevalences with confidence intervals and adjusted odds ratios. Results: Poor health was more common in the initial non-response group than among the responders, even with consideration given to sex, age, country of birth and education. However, good health was equally common among responders and initial non-responders. Conclusions: Public health surveys can be biased due to certain groups being under-represented or not represented at all. For this reason, in repeated public health surveys, we recommend selective follow-ups of such groups at regular intervals.

Persson, Carina

2013-01-01

182

Glucose testing and insufficient follow-up of abnormal results: a cohort study  

PubMed Central

Background More than 6 million Americans have undiagnosed diabetes. Several national organizations endorse screening for diabetes by physicians, but actual practice is poorly understood. Our objectives were to measure the rate, the predictors and the results of glucose testing in primary care, including rates of follow-up for abnormal values. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 301 randomly selected patients with no known diabetes who received care at a large academic general internal medicine practice in New York City. Using medical records, we collected patients' baseline characteristics in 1999 and followed patients through the end of 2002 for all glucose tests ordered. We used multivariate logistic regression to measure associations between diabetes risk factors and the odds of glucose testing. Results Three-fourths of patients (78%) had at least 1 glucose test ordered. Patient age (?45 vs. <45 years), non-white ethnicity, family history of diabetes and having more primary care visits were each independently associated with having at least 1 glucose test ordered (p < 0.05), whereas hypertension and hyperlipidemia were not. Fewer than half of abnormal glucose values were followed up by the patients' physicians. Conclusion Although screening for diabetes appears to be common and informed by diabetes risk factors, abnormal values are frequently not followed up. Interventions are needed to trigger identification and further evaluation of abnormal glucose tests.

Kern, Lisa M; Callahan, Mark A; Brillon, David J; Vargas, Maryelena; Mushlin, Alvin I

2006-01-01

183

Surgical treatment for chronic Achilles tendinopathy: a prospective seven month follow up study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To prospectively assess the early results of surgical treatment of chronic Achilles tendinopathy. Methods: This seven month prospective follow up study assessed the short term results of surgical treatment of chronic Achilles tendinopathy and compared the subjective and functional outcome of patients with Achilles tendinopathy without a local intratendinous lesion (group A) with that of similar patients with such a lesion (group B). Forty two of the initial 50 patients were examined before surgery and after the seven month follow up. Evaluation included an interview, subjective evaluation, clinical tests, and a performance test. Results: At the follow up, physical activity was fully restored in 28 of the 42 patients (67%), and 35 patients (83%) were asymptomatic or had only mild pain during strenuous exercise. In clinical tests, significant improvements were observed in climbing up and down stairs and the rising on the toes test. Surgical treatment also seemed to be successful from the total test score, which was excellent or good in 35 patients, compared with before surgery when it was excellent or good in one patient only. Patients in group A fared better than those in group B, whether evaluated by recovery of physical activity after surgery (88% v 54%) or the complication rate (6% v 27%). Conclusions: Surgical treatment of chronic Achilles tendinopathy gives good and acceptable short term results. A lower complication rate and a trend to better recovery was observed in patients with peritendinous adhesions only than in those with peritendinous adhesions combined with an intratendinous lesion.

Paavola, M; Kannus, P; Orava, S; Pasanen, M; Jarvinen, M

2002-01-01

184

Patient relationship management: an overview and study of a follow-up system.  

PubMed

Customer relationship management research is utilized to explain the need for a more patient-oriented support in patient care. This article presents a European study on how various hospital units of a single healthcare organization have utilized a patient relationship management system--in particular a patient treatment follow-up system--and how it affects patient care and the knowledge work performed by the medical staff. Eight physicians were interviewed at a university hospital on whether patient treatment was improved through a follow-up system that had been in use in the case organization for three years. The interviewees represented various hospital units, and all of them had used the system at their own unit. The results indicate that it is possible to improve patient care through more personalized treatment. The follow-up treatment system seems to be a tool to create and maintain better communication with the patients rather than just a technological solution. It may help better understand and analyze both individual patients and patient groups. For individual physicians it provides a way to reflect professional skills. The system was lacking in its support for one-to-one communication with patients. Nevertheless, the system is an example of patient relationship management which may help healthcare units to move towards a more patient-oriented care. PMID:19267028

Oinas-Kukkonen, Harri; Räisänen, Teppo; Hummastenniemi, Niko

2008-01-01

185

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information concerning the activities within the household during the sampling week. The information is from 201 Follow-up Questionnaires for 91 households. Medication and supplemental dietary information is provided. The Follow-up...

186

Disaster exposure as a risk factor for mental health problems, eighteen months, four and ten years post-disaster - a longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Disaster experiences have been associated with higher prevalence rates of (mental) health problems. The objective of this study was to examine the independent relation between a series of single disaster experiences versus the independent predictive value of a accumulation of disaster experiences, i.e. a sum score of experiences and symptoms of distress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods Survivors of a fireworks disaster participated in a longitudinal study and completed a questionnaire three weeks (wave 1), eighteen months (wave 2) and four years post-disaster (wave 3). Ten years post-disaster (wave 4) the respondents consisted of native Dutch survivors only. Main outcome measures were general distress and symptoms of PTSD. Results Degree of disaster exposure (sum score) and some disaster-related experiences (such as house destroyed, injured, confusion) were related to distress at waves 2 and 3. This relation was mediated by distress at an earlier point in time. None of the individual disaster-related experiences was independently related to symptoms of distress. The association between the degree of disaster exposure and symptoms of PTSD at waves 2 and 3 was still statistically significant after controlling for symptoms of distress and PTSD at earlier point in time. The variable ‘house destroyed’ was the only factor that was independently related to symptoms of PTSD at wave 2. Ten years after the disaster, disaster exposure was mediated by symptoms of PTSD at waves 2 and 3. Disaster exposure was not independently related to symptoms of PTSD ten years post-disaster. Conclusions Until 4 years after the disaster, degree of exposure (a sum score) was a risk factor for PTSD symptoms while none of the individual disaster experiences could be identified as an independent risk factor. Ten years post-disaster, disaster exposure was no longer an independent risk factor for symptoms of PTSD. Since symptoms of PTSD and distress at earlier waves perpetuate the symptoms at later waves, health care workers should aim their resources at those who still have symptoms after one and a half year post-disaster, to prevent health problems at medium and long-term.

2012-01-01

187

Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort study: follow-up processes at 20 years  

PubMed Central

Background In 1987, a prospective study of an Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort was established focusing on the relationships of fetal and childhood growth with the risk of chronic adult disease. However as the study is being conducted in a highly marginalized population it is also an important resource for cross-sectional descriptive and analytical studies. The aim of this paper is to describe the processes of the third follow up which was conducted 20 years after recruitment at birth. Methods Progressive steps in a multiphase protocol were used for tracing, with modifications for the expected rural or urban location of the participants. Results Of the original 686 cohort participants recruited 68 were untraced and 27 were known to have died. Of the 591 available for examination 122 were not examined; 11 of these were refusals and the remainder were not seen for logistical reasons relating to inclement weather, mobility of participants and single participants living in very remote locations. Conclusion The high retention rate of this follow-up 20 years after birth recruitment is a testament to the development of successful multiphase protocols aimed at overcoming the challenges of tracing a cohort over a widespread remote area and also to the perseverance of the study personnel. We also interpret the high retention rate as a reflection of the good will of the wider Aboriginal community towards this study and that researchers interactions with the community were positive. The continued follow-up of this life course study now seems feasible and there are plans to trace and reexamine the cohort at age 25 years.

2009-01-01

188

Total antioxidant capacity intake and colorectal cancer risk in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To examine the association between total antioxidant capacity (TAC) intake and colorectal cancer incidence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  TAC intake was assessed in 1986 and every 4 years thereafter in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, a prospective cohort\\u000a study of 47,339 men. Between 1986 and 2004, 952 colorectal cancer cases were diagnosed. Cox proportional hazards regression\\u000a models were used to estimate relative risks (RR) and

Rania A. MekaryKana; Kana Wu; Edward Giovannucci; Laura Sampson; Charles Fuchs; Donna Spiegelman; Walter C. Willett; Stephanie A. Smith-Warner

2010-01-01

189

Mental Health and Social Isolation Among Survivors Ten Years After a Suicide in the Family: A Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate mental health and social isolation in surviving family members (n=56) 10 years after a suicide as compared to sex and age matched general population controls. Minor mental disorders were more common among suicide survivors than among general population controls (30% vs. 16%), especially in surviving spouses (39% vs. 11%). Suicide survivors had

Pirjo Irmeli Saarinen; Jukka Hintikka; Johannes Lehtonen; Jouko K. Lönnqvist; Heimo Viinamäki

2002-01-01

190

Intracranial Hemorrhage in Acute and Chronic Childhood Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura over a Ten-Year Period: An Egyptian Multicenter Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a rare but major cause of death in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The authors reviewed data of 1,840 patient with ITP, from 5 pediatric hematology centers in Egypt from 1997 to 2007, to study the incidence and risk factors of ICH. Ten cases of ICH were identified with a median age at presentation of 7.5 years;

Mohsen Elalfy; Nancy Elbarbary; Normine Khaddah; Magy Abdelwahab; Farida El Rashidy; Hoda Hassab; Youssef Al-Tonbary

2010-01-01

191

Postoperative Complications in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study During Five Years of Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Purpose To describe postoperative complications encountered in the Tube Versus Trabeculectomy (TVT) Study during 5 years of follow-up. Design Multicenter randomized clinical trial. Methods Settings Seventeen clinical centers. Study Population Patients 18 to 85 years of age who had previous trabeculectomy and/or cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and uncontrolled glaucoma with intraocular pressure (IOP) ?18 mm Hg and ?40 mm Hg on maximum tolerated medical therapy. Interventions Tube shunt (350-mm2 Baerveldt glaucoma implant) or trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC 0.4 mg/mL for 4 minutes). Main Outcome Measures Surgical complications, reoperations for complications, visual acuity, and cataract progression. Results Early postoperative complications occurred in 22 patients (21%) in the tube group and 39 patients (37%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .012). Late postoperative complications developed in 36 patients (34%) in the tube group and 38 patients (36%) in the trabeculectomy group during 5 years of follow-up (P = .81). The rate of reoperation for complications was 22% in the tube group and 18% in the trabeculectomy group (P = .29). Cataract extraction was performed in 13 phakic eyes (54%) in the tube group and 9 phakic eyes (43%) in the trabeculectomy group (P = .43). Conclusions A large number of surgical complications were observed in the TVT Study, but most were transient and self-limited. The incidence of early postoperative complications was higher following trabeculectomy with MMC than tube shunt surgery. The rates of late postoperative complications, reoperation for complications, and cataract extraction were similar with both surgical procedures after 5 years of follow-up.

Gedde, Steven J.; Herndon, Leon W.; Brandt, James D.; Budenz, Donald L.; Feuer, William J.; Schiffman, Joyce C.

2013-01-01

192

A forty-five year follow-up EEG study of Qigong practice.  

PubMed

A follow-up EEG study was conducted on a subject with 50 years of experiences in Qigong. Resting EEG at present showed frontally dominant alpha-1 as compared to occipitally dominant alpha-2 described in 1962. During the Qigong practice alph-1 enhanced quickly and became far more prominent than 50 years ago. Compared with baseline, these activities remained to be higher at rest after the Qigong practice. These results suggest that extended practice in meditation may change the EEG pattern and its underlying neurophysiology. It remains to be explored as to what biological significance and clinical relevance do these physiological changes might mean. PMID:19229721

Qin, Zhen; Jin, Yi; Lin, Shin; Hermanowicz, Neal S

2009-01-01

193

Weight loss and incident dementia in elderly Yoruba Nigerians: a 10-year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background The relationship between weight and dementia risk has not been investigated in populations with relatively low body mass index (BMI) such as the Yoruba. This study set out to achieve this objective using a prospective observational design. Methods The setting was Idikan Ward in Ibadan City, Nigeria. The participants were all aged 65 years or older and were enrolled in the Indianapolis-Ibadan Dementia Project. Repeated cognitive assessments and clinical evaluations were conducted to identify participants with dementia or MCI during 10 years of follow-up (mean duration: 5.97 years). BMI measures, information on alcohol, smoking history, cancer, hypertension, diabetes, heart attack, stroke and depression were collected at each follow-up evaluation. Mixed effect models adjusted for covariates were used to examine the differences in BMI among participants who developed dementia or MCI and those who remained cognitively normal during the follow-up. Results This analysis included 1559 participants who had no dementia at their first BMI measurements. There were 136 subjects with incident dementia, 255 with MCI and 1168 with normal cognition by the end of the study. The mean BMI at baseline was higher for female participants (22.31; SD = 4.39) than for male (21.09; SD = 3.61, p < 0.001). A significantly greater decline in BMI was found in those with either incident dementia (p < 0.001) or incident MCI (p < 0.001) compared to normal subjects. Conclusion Decline in BMI is associated with incident MCI and dementia in elderly Yoruba. This observation calls for close monitoring of weight loss in elderly individuals which may indicate future cognitive impairment for timely detection and tailored interventions.

Ogunniyi, Adesola; Gao, Su; Unverzagt, Frederick W.; Baiyewu, Olusegun; Gureje, Oyewusi; Nguyen, James Tat; Smith-Gamble, Valerie; Murrell, Jill R.; Hake, Ann M.; Hall, Kathleen S.; Hendrie, Hugh C.

2010-01-01

194

Recovery Potential of a Western Lowland Gorilla Population following a Major Ebola Outbreak: Results from a Ten Year Study  

PubMed Central

Investigating the recovery capacity of wildlife populations following demographic crashes is of great interest to ecologists and conservationists. Opportunities to study these aspects are rare due to the difficulty of monitoring populations both before and after a demographic crash. Ebola outbreaks in central Africa have killed up to 95% of the individuals in affected western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations. Assessing whether and how fast affected populations recover is essential for the conservation of this critically endangered taxon. The gorilla population visiting Lokoué forest clearing, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Republic of the Congo, has been monitored before, two years after and six years after Ebola affected it in 2004. This allowed us to describe Ebola's short-term and long-term impacts on the structure of the population. The size of the population, which included around 380 gorillas before the Ebola outbreak, dropped to less than 40 individuals after the outbreak. It then remained stable for six years after the outbreak. However, the demographic structure of this small population has significantly changed. Although several solitary males have disappeared, the immigration of adult females, the formation of new breeding groups, and several birth events suggest that the population is showing potential to recover. During the outbreak, surviving adult and subadult females joined old solitary silverbacks. Those females were subsequently observed joining young silverbacks, forming new breeding groups where they later gave birth. Interestingly, some females were observed joining silverbacks that were unlikely to have sired their infant, but no infanticide was observed. The consequences of the Ebola outbreak on the population structure were different two years and six years after the outbreak. Therefore, our results could be used as demographic indicators to detect and date outbreaks that have happened in other, non-monitored gorilla populations.

Gatti, Sylvain; Levrero, Florence; Bigot, Elodie; Caillaud, Damien; Pierre, Jean-Sebastien; Menard, Nelly

2012-01-01

195

Recovery potential of a western lowland gorilla population following a major Ebola outbreak: results from a ten year study.  

PubMed

Investigating the recovery capacity of wildlife populations following demographic crashes is of great interest to ecologists and conservationists. Opportunities to study these aspects are rare due to the difficulty of monitoring populations both before and after a demographic crash. Ebola outbreaks in central Africa have killed up to 95% of the individuals in affected western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) populations. Assessing whether and how fast affected populations recover is essential for the conservation of this critically endangered taxon. The gorilla population visiting Lokoué forest clearing, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Republic of the Congo, has been monitored before, two years after and six years after Ebola affected it in 2004. This allowed us to describe Ebola's short-term and long-term impacts on the structure of the population. The size of the population, which included around 380 gorillas before the Ebola outbreak, dropped to less than 40 individuals after the outbreak. It then remained stable for six years after the outbreak. However, the demographic structure of this small population has significantly changed. Although several solitary males have disappeared, the immigration of adult females, the formation of new breeding groups, and several birth events suggest that the population is showing potential to recover. During the outbreak, surviving adult and subadult females joined old solitary silverbacks. Those females were subsequently observed joining young silverbacks, forming new breeding groups where they later gave birth. Interestingly, some females were observed joining silverbacks that were unlikely to have sired their infant, but no infanticide was observed. The consequences of the Ebola outbreak on the population structure were different two years and six years after the outbreak. Therefore, our results could be used as demographic indicators to detect and date outbreaks that have happened in other, non-monitored gorilla populations. PMID:22649511

Genton, Céline; Cristescu, Romane; Gatti, Sylvain; Levréro, Florence; Bigot, Elodie; Caillaud, Damien; Pierre, Jean-Sébastien; Ménard, Nelly

2012-05-23

196

Sensitivity of staphylococci from farm animals to antibacterial agents used for growth promotion and therapy. A ten year study.  

PubMed

The following results were obtained during the period of 1970 to 1979-1980 in a study of 1040 Staphylococcus aureus strains in Belgium from cattle, poultry and pigs and 138 Staphylococcus hyicus strains from pigs, using the agar dilution technique and different penicillinase test methods: -- The incidence of penicillinase-positive strains increased in bovine and porcine S. aureus strains but decreased in poultry strains. From 1974 on more than 75% of S. aureus strains from cow udders produced penicillinase. -- The numbers of tetracycline-resistant strains steadily decreased during the period under investigation. -- Strains resistant to the macrolides and lincomycin were most frequent among S. hyicus and S. aureus strains from pigs isolated in 1973-1975. They were less numerous in 1979-1980. The inducible type of macrolide-resistance was found only among strains from poultry and cattle. In 1979-1980 strains resistant to lincomycin but susceptible to macrolide-antibiotics were detected. -- Two types of sensitivity to bacitracin were discovered: highly sensitive strains were frequent in cattle and rare in poultry. Intermediately sensitive strains dominated in poultry and pigs. These two groups of strains belonged to distinct chemotypes. Only one poultry strain was highly resistant to bacitracin. -- Number of neomycin-, sulphonamide- and chloramphenicol-resistant strains and strains resistant to the penicillinase-stable penicillins and cephalosporins were low and did not increase. -- Novobiocin resistance was only found among strains from broiler breeders and broilers. -- All strains tested were sensitive to the nitrofurans and related compounds (furazolidone, nitrovin), flavomycin, carbadox, trimethoprim, rifamycin and the virginiamycin combination. PMID:7337397

Devriese, L A

1980-01-01

197

Predictors of Attendance and Dropout at the Lung Health Study 11-Year Follow-Up  

PubMed Central

Participant attrition and attendance at follow-up were examined in a multicenter, randomized, clinical trial. The Lung Health Study (LHS) enrolled a total of 5, 887 adults to examine the impact of smoking cessation coupled with the use of an inhaled bronchodilator on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Of the initial LHS 1 volunteers still living at the time of enrolment in LHS 3 (5,332), 4,457 (84%) attended the LHS 3 clinic visit, a follow-up session to determine current smoking status and lung function. The average period between the beginning of LHS 1 and baseline interview for LHS 3 was 11 years. In univariate analyses, attenders were older, more likely female, more likely to be married, smoked fewer cigarettes per day, and were more likely to have children who smoked at the start of LHS 1 than non-attenders. Attenders were also less likely to experience respiratory symptoms, such as cough, but had decreased baseline lung function compared with non-attenders. Volunteers recruited via mass mailing were more likely to attend the long-term follow-up visit. Those recruited by public site, worksite, or referral methods were less likely to attend. In multivariate models, age, gender, cigarettes smoked per day, married status, and whether participants’ children smoked were identified as significant predictors of attendance versus non-attendance at LHS 3 using stepwise logistic regression. Treatment condition (smoking intervention or usual care) was not a significant predictor of attendance at LHS 3. Older females who smoked less heavily were most likely to participate. These findings may be applied to improve participant recruitment and retention in future clinical trials.

Snow, Wanda M.; Connett, John E.; Sharma, Shweta; Murray, Robert P.

2006-01-01

198

Multidisciplinary integrated headache care: a prospective 12-month follow-up observational study.  

PubMed

This prospective study investigated the effectiveness of a three-tier modularized out- and inpatient multidisciplinary integrated headache care program. N = 204 patients with frequent headaches (63 migraine, 11 tension-type headache, 59 migraine + tension-type headache, 68 medication-overuse headache and 3 with other primary headaches) were enrolled. Outcome measures at baseline, 6- and 12-month follow-ups included headache frequency, Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), standardized headache diary and a medication survey. Mean reduction in headache frequency was 5.5 ± 8.5 days/month, p < 0.001 at 6 months' follow-up and 6.9 ± 8.3 days/month, p < 0.001 after 1 year. MIDAS decreased from 53.0 ± 60.8 to 37.0 ± 52.4 points, p < 0.001 after 6 months and 34.4 ± 53.2 points, p < 0.001 at 1 year. 44.0 % patients demonstrated at baseline an increased HAD-score for anxiety and 16.7 % of patients revealed a HAD-score indicating a depression. At the end of treatment statistically significant changes could be observed for anxiety (p < 0.001) and depression (p < 0.006). The intake frequency of attack-aborting medication decreased from 10.3 ± 7.3 days/month at admission to 4.7 ± 4.1 days/month, p < 0.001 after 6 months and reached 3.8 ± 3.5 days/month, p < 0.001 after 1 year. At baseline 37.9 % of patients had experience with non-pharmacological treatments and 87.0 % at 12-month follow-up. In conclusion, an integrated headache care program was successfully established. Positive health-related outcomes could be obtained with a multidisciplinary out- and inpatient headache treatment program. PMID:22790281

Wallasch, Thomas-Martin; Kropp, Peter

2012-07-12

199

Chronic idiopathic orofacial pain. A long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

Patients suffering facial pain that does not fit with the traditional diagnostic criteria and which does not respond to dental treatment constitute a clinical problem. These patients lack a proper diagnosis and are frequently exposed to excessive and inadequate invasive treatment. The aim of this investigation was to study the long-term development of pain and the result of treatment in a cohort of patients suffering chronic idiopathic facial pain. The 74 patients referred to the Facial Pain Diagnostic Group at the Karolinska Institute School of Dentistry between 1981 and 1992 were invited to take part in a follow-up study. As 16 subjects were unwilling or unable to take part in the study and 13 had died, the remaining 45 were interviewed either in accordance with a standard protocol or by filling out a questionnaire mailed to them. The interview revealed that 10 were free of orofacial pain, but only 2 were totally free of pain. Over the 9-19 years' follow-up period the relationship between facial pain and pain in the rest of the body had changed substantially. Of 14 patients and more than 100 extractions, permanent pain relief was felt by only 3 patients. It is concluded that a diagnosis was given in only 2 cases. The distribution of the pain has changed dramatically. The low success rate of invasive treatments suggests that such therapeutic methods are to be considered contraindicated in patients suffering from idiopathic orofacial pain. PMID:15198384

Allerbring, Madeleine; Haegerstam, Glenn

2004-04-01

200

Musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers: a one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are an important cause of functional impairments and disability among construction workers. An improved understanding of MSDs in different construction occupations is likely to be of value for selecting preventive measures. This study aimed to survey the prevalence of symptoms of MSDs, the work-relatedness of the symptoms and the problems experienced during work among two construction occupations: bricklayers and supervisors. Methods We randomly selected 750 bricklayers and 750 supervisors resident in the Netherlands in December 2009. This sample was surveyed by means of a baseline questionnaire and a follow-up questionnaire one year later. The participants were asked about complaints of the musculoskeletal system during the last six months, the perceived work-relatedness of the symptoms, the problems that occurred during work and the occupational tasks that were perceived as causes or aggravating factors of the MSD. Results Baseline response rate was 37%, follow-up response was 80%. The prevalence of MSDs among 267 bricklayers and 232 supervisors was 67% and 57%, respectively. Complaints of the back, knee and shoulder/upper arm were the most prevalent among both occupations. Irrespective of the body region, most of the bricklayers and supervisors reported that their complaints were work-related. Complaints of the back and elbow were the most often reported among the bricklayers during work, whereas lower arm/wrist and upper leg complaints were the most often reported among the supervisors. In both occupations, a majority of the participants perceived several occupational physical tasks and activities as causes or aggravating factors for their MSD. Recurrent complaints at follow-up were reported by both bricklayers (47% of the complaints) and supervisors (31% of the complaints). Participants in both occupations report that mainly back and knee complaints result in additional problems during work, at the time of follow-up. Conclusions A substantial number of the bricklayers and the supervisors report musculoskeletal disorders, mainly back, knee and shoulder/upper arm complaints. The majority of the bricklayers and half of the supervisors believe that their complaints are work-related. Irrespective of occupation, participants with MSDs report substantial problems during work. Workplace intervention measures aimed at occupational physical tasks and activities seem justified for both occupations.

2012-01-01

201

A follow up study on the efficacy of metadoxine in the treatment of alcohol dependence  

PubMed Central

Background We carried out a three months follow-up study on the efficacy of metadoxine in a cohort of alcoholics admitted to the Alcohol misuse Long-term Treatment (ALT) Unit – University of Pisa (Italy). We analyzed the clinical data, psychometric tests and blood tests of 160 alcoholics on admission and after 3 months of treatment. We compared 58 pts treated with metadoxine (MET) with 102 pts who did not receive (NULL) any drug as an adjunct to the psycho-educational interventions provided by the ALT Unit. Results At follow-up, the patients in treatment with metadoxine showed a significant improvement in the rate of complete abstinence (44.8% vs. 21.6%; chi square: 8.45, df = 1, p < 0.0037). Furthermore, the number of drop-outs at three months of treatment was also significantly lower in the MET than in the NULL group (17% vs. 57%; chi square of 23.22, df = 1, p < 0.001). Conclusion Our findings support the use of metadoxine in the management of alcohol dependence. However, randomized clinical trials are necessary to confirm and replicate them. This study raises the importance of identifying new pharmacological compounds effective on the outcome of alcoholism in order to help patients to best adhere to treatment programs and to prevent the development of mental and physical complications due to chronic and heavy use of alcohol.

Guerrini, Irene; Gentili, Claudio; Nelli, Gloria; Guazzelli, Mario

2006-01-01

202

Controlled trial of antituberculous chemotherapy in Crohn's disease: a five year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Background—It has been suggested that Mycobacterium paratuberculosis is the cause of Crohn's disease. In a previous report the immediate effect of two years treatment with antituberculous chemotherapy showed no clinical benefit. ?Aims—To assess both the immediate and longer term effect of treatment on the disease. ?Methods—Patients were followed for five years from their date of entry to the study. One hundred and thirty patients entered the initial study, and of these 111 (81%) were followed regularly. ?Results—Overall, there was no evidence of consistent benefit or disadvantage from antituberculous chemotherapy in any of the assessments made, including the number of acute relapses, surgical episodes, hospital admissions, disease activity, blood tests, or medication required for Crohn's disease during the follow up period. ?Conclusion—The absence of any benefit at the end of the initial two year trial period, and during the three year subsequent follow up, fails to support the hypothesis that mycobacteria play an important part in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease, or that antituberculous chemotherapy may be of benefit. ?? Keywords: Crohn's disease; mycobacteria; antituberculus chemotherapy

Thomas, G; Swift, G; Green, J; Newcombe, R; Braniff-Mathews, C; Rhodes, J; Wilkinson, S; Strohmeyer, G; Kreuzpainter, G

1998-01-01

203

Recovery of aphasia after stroke: a 1-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Semantics, phonology, and syntax are essential elements of aphasia diagnosis and treatment. Until now, these linguistic components have not been specifically addressed in follow-up studies of aphasia recovery after stroke. The aim of this observational prospective follow-up study was to investigate semantic, phonological, and syntactic recovery in aphasic stroke patients. In addition, we investigated the recovery of verbal communication and of aphasia severity. We assessed 147 aphasic patients at 1, 2, and 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months, and 1 year after stroke with the ScreeLing, a screening test for detecting deficits on the three main linguistic components, the aphasia severity rating scale (ASRS), a measure of verbal communication, and the Token test, a measure of aphasia severity. We investigated the differences in scores between the six time points with mixed models. Semantics and syntax improved up to 6 weeks (p < 0.001) after stroke, and phonology up to 3 months (p ? 0.001). ASRS improved up to 6 months (p < 0.05) and the Token test up to 3 months (p < 0.001). We conclude that in aphasia after stroke, various linguistic components have a different recovery pattern, with phonology showing the longest period of recovery that paralleled aphasia severity, as measured with the Token test. The improvement of verbal communication continues after the stabilization of the recovery of the linguistic components. PMID:22820721

El Hachioui, Hanane; Lingsma, Hester F; van de Sandt-Koenderman, Mieke E; Dippel, Diederik W J; Koudstaal, Peter J; Visch-Brink, Evy G

2012-07-22

204

Post-Secondary Developmental Studies Programs for Occupational Students: A Follow-up Study. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic objective of this third research phase was to verify and further delineate factors that are constant and valid contributors to the success of postsecondary occupational students enrolled in developmental programs. Follow-up research on a longitudinal basis was conducted on nontraditional students at six New York colleges. Of…

State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.

205

Plasma catecholamines: follow-up on 10-year study in health and cardiovascular disease  

PubMed Central

The predictive value of blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and catecholamines in terms of any subsequent development of cardiovascular disease was investigated. Systolic (S) and diastolic (D) BP, HR, epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured three times a year in 1980, 1984, and 1989 on 20 clinically healthy subjects, 18 patients with ‘essential hypertension’, and 22 patients with angina pectoris. Of the 22 patients in the latter group, 15 died during a 2-year follow-up (1990–1991). Each individual data series was analyzed by single cosinor to assess the circannual variation. Results were summarized by population-mean cosinor for each group. Parameter tests were used to compare the circannual rhythm characteristics among the different patient groups. A circannual rhythm was invariably demonstrated on a group basis (P < 0.05). Differences in MESOR and/or circannual amplitude were found among the different groups. In particular, patients with angina pectoris who will die within the 2-year follow-up differ in terms of their E and NE from all other patient groups, a difference already detected at the beginning of the study, more than 10 years before they die. A similar separation is not achieved in terms of BP or HR.

Prikryl, P.; Cornelissen, G.; Otsuka, K.; Halberg, F.

2008-01-01

206

A follow-up study of the community near the McColl waste disposal site.  

PubMed Central

To assess the effect of interim clean-up measures on the current health of a community, we conducted a follow-up survey of 193 residents living near the McColl waste disposal site and a comparison area located approximately 5 miles from the site. Results from this survey were compared with results from a similar survey conducted 7 years earlier. Odors were detected at least once per week by 32.7% of "high-exposed" respondents in 1988 compared with 68.5% in 1981, but prevalence odds ratios (PORs) comparing symptom reporting between "high-exposed" and comparison-area respondents were greater than that of the 1981 survey for 89% of symptoms. PORs comparing symptom reporting between these two areas were greater than 2.0 for 64% of symptoms assessed in the current survey. Symptoms reported in excess did not represent a single organ system or suggest a mechanism of response. PORs comparing respondents who were very worried about the environment and those reporting no worry were greater than 2.0 for 86% of symptoms. These finding, along with environmental data from the area, suggest that living near the waste disposal site and being very worried about the environment, rather than a toxicologic effect of chemical from the site, explain excess symptom reporting found in this follow-up study.

Lipscomb, J A; Goldman, L R; Satin, K P; Smith, D F; Vance, W A; Neutra, R R

1991-01-01

207

Workplace bullying and sleep difficulties: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to investigate whether being subjected to bullying and witnessing bullying at the workplace was associated with concurrent sleep difficulties, whether frequently bullied/witnesses have more sleep difficulties than occasionally bullied/witnesses, and whether there were associations between being subjected to bullying or witnessing bullying at the workplace and subsequent sleep difficulties. METHODS: A total of 3,382 respondents (67 % women and 33 % men) completed a baseline questionnaire about their psychosocial work environment and health. The overall response rate was 46 %. At follow-up 2 years later, 1671 of those responded to a second questionnaire (49 % of the 3,382 respondents at baseline). Sleep difficulties were measured in terms of disturbed sleep, awakening problems, and poor quality of sleep. RESULTS: Bullied persons and witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than those who were neither bullied nor witnesses to bullying at baseline. Frequently bullied/witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than respondents who were occasionally bullied or witnessing bullying at baseline. Further, odds ratios for subsequent sleep difficulties were increased among the occasionally bullied, but not among witnesses. However, the associations weakened when adjusting for sleep difficulties at baseline. CONCLUSION: Being subjected to occasional bullying at baseline was predictive of subsequent sleep difficulties. Witnessing bullying at baseline did not predict sleep difficulties at follow-up. PMID:23460184

Hansen, Ase Marie; Hogh, Annie; Garde, Anne Helene; Persson, Roger

2013-03-01

208

Unilateral proptosis in thyroid eye disease with subsequent contralateral involvement: retrospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this retrospective follow-up study is to evaluate the prevalence of patients with thyroid eye disease presenting with apparent unilateral proptosis and determine the occurrence of exophthalmos in contralateral non-proptotic eye over the time. Associated features with this event were evaluated. Methods A cohort of 655 consecutive patients affected by thyroid eye disease with a minimum follow-up of 10 years was reviewed. Exophthalmos was assessed by using both Hertel exophthalmometer and computed tomography (CT). The influence of age, gender, hormonal status and of different therapies such as corticosteroids, radiotherapy and surgical decompression on this disease progression was evaluated. Results A total of 89 patients (13.5%) (95% confidence interval [CI] 15%-10%) had clinical evidence of unilateral exophthalmos at the first visit. Among these, 13 patients (14%) (95% CI 22%-7%) developed subsequent contralateral exophthalmos. The increase of protrusion ranged from 2 to 7 mm (mean of 4.2). The time of onset varied from 6 months to 7 years (mean time: 29 months). Smoking status, young age and surgical decompression are significantly associated with development of contralateral proptosis (p< .05). Conclusions Asymmetric thyroid eye disease with the appearance of unilateral exophthalmos at the initial examination is a fairly frequent event, while subsequent contralateral proptosis occurs less commonly. However, physicians should be aware that young patients, particularly if smokers, undergoing orbital decompression in one eye may need further surgery on contralateral side over time.

2013-01-01

209

Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS): Prospective Studies of Diet and Cancer in Men and Women  

Cancer.gov

The grant provides for continued follow-up for and research on the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) of 51,529 men who completed an extensive dietary questionnaire first in 1986 and again in 1990, 1994,1998, 2002, 2006, and 2010. The program project grant also supports the food composition database and nutrient analysis system used by the Nurses' Health Study, Nurses' Health Study II, and many other studies.

210

HIV infection in children born to seropositive mothers: a laboratory and clinical follow-up study.  

PubMed

Several serological techniques may be used for the detection of HIV infection, however, in the case of infants, there are no methods that are effective prior to the loss of maternal antibodies. Thus, in such cases, a completed series of serological and virological assay of HIV antibodies should be performed in follow-up studies. Twenty children living in Modena (Italy) were studied since 1985. Seven of these children were of ages ranging from 3 to 10 years. Only one of them was found to be seropositive for HIV. The remaining 13 children were studied from birth. Six had lost maternal antibodies to HIV at a median age of 15.1 months. Four showed decreasing levels of the anti-body by Western blotting. HIV antigen was detected in serum samples from 2 children. The data reported stress the need for longitudinal studies that could lead to reliable methods of diagnosing HIV infections in newborns. PMID:2491302

De Rienzo, B; Borghi, V; Cocchi, I; Frigeri, G; Cavazzuti, G B; Pecorari, M; Pietrosemoli, P; Lami, G; Squadrini, F

1989-01-01

211

Nurse-led follow-up on demand or by a physician after breast cancer surgery: a randomised study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of routine follow-up with frequent visits to a breast cancer specialist—both in terms of detection of recurrence and patient satisfaction—has been questioned.The aim of this study was to compare nurse-led follow-up on demand versus physician follow-up after breast cancer treatment with regards to patients’ well-being, satisfaction, access to medical care and medical safety.Two hundred and sixty-four consecutively selected

I.-L Koinberg; B Fridlund; G.-B Engholm; L Holmberg

2004-01-01

212

Fish consumption and severely depressed mood, findings from the first national nutrition follow-up study.  

PubMed

The evidence obtained from prospective studies to support the hypothesis that fish consumption may improve mental status remains limited. The current study prospectively assessed a low frequency of fish consumption as a risk factor for depressed mood. Included were 5068 adults aged 25-74 years examined in 1971-1975 as the baseline of the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Follow-up Study. Frequency of eating fish at baseline was obtained using a 3-month food frequency questionnaire. Severely depressed mood (SDM) was defined as the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale scores ?22 or taking anti-depressants. After an average of 10.6 years of follow-up, among men (n=2039), the percentage of individuals with SDM was 11.7%. Compared with frequent consumers (more than once a week), the odds ratios (ORs) were 1.43 (95%CI=0.66-3.11) and 2.08 (1.08-4.09) respectively for the men eating fish once a week and less than once a week (p for trend=0.03). Among women (n=3029), the percentage of individuals with SDM was 17.89%. The ORs were 1 (reference), 0.91 (0.68-1.22) and 1.15 (0.83-1.59) respectively for the women eating fish more than once, once, and less than once a week. These estimates were obtained after adjustment for indicators of social deprivation and major physical diseases. The study concluded that independently from social deprivation and physical diseases, low fish consumption was a risk factor for SDM among men. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and elucidate mechanisms for the difference between men and women. PMID:21628074

Li, Yanfeng; Dai, Qi; Ekperi, Linda I; Dehal, Ahmed; Zhang, Jian

2011-05-31

213

Risk follow-up by probabilistic safety assessment—experience from a Finnish pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk follow-up by probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) provides a systematic method to analyze incidents. Events can be evaluated from the safety point of view to get feedback from operating experience, for the identification of risk contributors and for the verification of PSA models. This paper is concerned with the risk follow-up methodology, which is based on a marked point process

Jan Holmberg

1996-01-01

214

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--FOOD FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONNAIRE DATA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Food Follow-up Questionnaire data set provides information on the eating patterns and the food identification and preparation methods that occurred during the period the food sample was taken. The information is for 86 Food Follow-up Questionnaires for 86 households. In the...

215

Recruiting Adolescent Girls into a Follow-up Study: Benefits of Using a Social Networking Website  

PubMed Central

Background Recruitment and retention of adolescent research participants presents unique challenges and considerations when conducting epidemiological studies. Purpose To describe the use of the social networking website in the re-recruitment and tracking of adolescent girls into a follow-up study of the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls (TAAG) at the University of Maryland field site. Methods 730 girls were recruited as 8th graders into TAAG. Re-recruitment efforts were conducted when they were 11th graders (TAAG 2). Traditional methods, including mailings and school visits, were conducted. A TAAG 2 Facebook site was created to search for girls not found through traditional recruitment methods. Chi-square and t-tests were conducted to identify differences in characteristics between those found and “friended” through Facebook and through traditional recruitment methods. Results There were 175 girls we were unable to locate using traditional recruitment methods. Of these, 78 were found on Facebook, 68 responded to our friend request, and 43 girls (6% of the girls previously recruited) participated in the study. Demographic data were similar for those who friended us on Facebook and traditional methods. 8th grade body mass index and percent body fat were lower for those recruited from Facebook (p = 0.03 and 0.04, respectively). Number of daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity tended to be lower among the TAAG 2 Facebook friends (19 ± 11 vs 21 ± 11, p = 0.06). Conclusions Loss to follow-up was minimized by contacting potential participants through Facebook. Social networking websites are a promising method to recruit adolescents.

Jones, Lindsey; Saksvig, Brit I.; Grieser, Mira; Young, Deborah Rohm

2011-01-01

216

Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes for Gastric Bypass Surgery: Results from a Comprehensive Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) surgery markedly increases percent excess weight loss (%EWL) and obesity-related co-morbidities.\\u000a However, poor study quality and minimal exploration of clinical, behavioral, and psychosocial mechanisms of weight loss have\\u000a characterized research to date.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We conducted a comprehensive assessment of n=100 LGB patients surveyed 2–3 years following surgery using standardized measures.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Mean %EWL at follow-up was 59.1±17.2%. This

Garry Welch; Cheryl Wesolowski; Sofija Zagarins; Jay Kuhn; John Romanelli; Jane Garb; Nancy Allen

2011-01-01

217

Onset Pattern and Long-Term Prognosis in Schizophrenia: 10-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Background Although the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) plays an important role in the short-term prognosis of patients with schizophrenia, their long-term prognosis generally is not determined by DUP alone. It is important to explore how other clinical factors in the early stage are related to DUP and consequent disease courses. Methods A total of 664 patients with untreated psychosis were surveyed for this study. At the first examination, we divided them into the severe positive symptoms cases (SC) or the less severe cases (NonSC) and compared the prognosis among the two groups after a 10-year follow-up. In all, 113 patients in the SC group and 43 patients in the NonSC group were follow-up completers. Results Whereas DUP was not different between the two groups, patients with nonacute onset in both groups had significantly longer DUP than those in patients with acute onset. For all clinical measures, there was no difference in prognosis between the two groups or among the four groups classified by mode of onset (MoO) and initial severity of positive symptoms. However, the degree of improvement of global assessment of functioning (GAF) was significantly smaller in the NonSC-nonacute group than in the SC-acute and SC-nonacute groups. Conclusions These results suggest that neither DUP nor MoO alone necessarily affects the initial severity of positive symptoms. Moreover, it is possible that patients with low impetus of positive symptoms onset within long DUP experience profound pathologic processes. Therefore, the current study results indicated that long DUP and nonacute onset were related to poor long-term prognosis, regardless of initial positive symptoms.

Kanahara, Nobuhisa; Yoshida, Taisuke; Oda, Yasunori; Yamanaka, Hiroshi; Moriyama, Toshihiro; Hayashi, Hideaki; Shibuya, Takayuki; Nagaushi, Yasunori; Sawa, Takashi; Sekine, Yoshimoto; Shimizu, Eiji; Asano, Makoto; Iyo, Masaomi

2013-01-01

218

Sleep Disordered Breathing and Gestational Hypertension: Postpartum Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Gestational hypertension (GH) is a newly recognized risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events later in life. Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is an established risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. Recent research has suggested that women with GH may have an increased rate of SDB during pregnancy, but it is not known if this higher rate of SDB persists into the postpartum state. Objective: To assess whether women with GH continue to have an increased rate of SDB compared to healthy pregnant women, after the physiologic changes of pregnancy resolve. Methods: We previously studied women with GH and uncomplicated pregnancies with sleep questionnaires and level 1 polysomnography. Participants were invited to participate in repeat testing 1-2 years postpartum. Respiratory disturbance index (RDI) differences were assessed. Results: Eighteen subjects (11 GH and 7 healthy) had complete follow-up data available for comparison with antepartum data. This group was representative of the initial antepartum cohort. Women with GH experienced a decrease in mean RDI from antepartum to postpartum (12.0 ± 12.3 vs 2.9 ± 2.9; P = 0.02). Healthy women did not experience the same change (2.8 ± 5.3 vs 2.1 ± 3.2; P = 0.81). Postpartum comparisons showed the mean RDI of women with GH had decreased to be similar to that of healthy women (P = 0.75). Conclusions: SDB in women with gestational hypertension improved in the postpartum state to levels indistinguishable from our healthy subjects. This suggests that the physiologic effects of pregnancy may have had a pathologic role in the development of antepartum SDB in women with GH. Citation: Reid J; Glew RA; Skomro R; Fenton M; Cotton D; Olatunbosun F; Gjevre J; Guilleminault C. Sleep disordered breathing and gestational hypertension: postpartum follow-up study. SLEEP 2013;36(5):717-721.

Reid, John; Glew, Riley A.; Skomro, Robert; Fenton, Mark; Cotton, David; Olatunbosun, Femi; Gjevre, John; Guilleminault, Christian

2013-01-01

219

Pain Following Stroke: A Population-Based Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose Chronic pain is increasingly recognized as a consequence of stroke. This study aimed to describe the prevalence and pain types of new onset chronic pain (“novel pain”) in patients with stroke compared with a randomly selected reference group from the general population and to identify factors associated with pain development in stroke patients. Methods In a population-based follow-up design, development of chronic pain after stroke was assessed by a questionnaire sent to consecutive stroke patients, registered in a Danish national stroke database, two years after their stroke. A randomly selected sex- and age-matched reference group from the same catchment area received a similar questionnaire about development of new types of chronic pain in the same time period. A total of 608 stroke patients and 519 reference subjects were included in the study. Results Development of novel pain was reported by 39.0% of stroke patients and 28.9% of reference subjects (OR 1.57, CI 1.21-2.04), and was associated with low age and depression in a multivariate model. Daily intake of pain medication for novel pain was reported by 15.3% and 9.4% of the stroke and reference population, respectively. Novel headache, shoulder pain, pain from increased muscle stiffness, and other types of novel pain were more common in stroke patients, whereas joint pain was equally common in the two groups. Conclusions Development of chronic pain is more common in stroke patients compared with sex- and age-matched reference subjects. Evaluation of post-stroke pain should be part of stroke follow-up.

Klit, Henriette; Finnerup, Nanna B.; Overvad, Kim; Andersen, Grethe; Jensen, Troels S.

2011-01-01

220

What Affects Reintegration of Female Drug Users after Prison Release? Results of a European Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main objective of this follow-up study is to explore factors influencing the success or failure of women in reintegrating after their release from prison. Female drug users in five European cities were tracked after being released from prison. Out of 234 female prisoners contacted in prisons, 59 were included in the follow-up study.…

Zurhold, Heike; Moskalewicz, Jacek; Sanclemente, Cristina; Schmied, Gabriele; Shewan, David; Verthein, Uwe

2011-01-01

221

Can Follow-Up Examination of Tuberculosis Patients Be Simplified? A Study in Chhattisgarh, India  

PubMed Central

Background Each follow-up during the course of tuberculosis treatment currently requires two sputum examinations. However, the incremental yield of the second sputum sample during follow-up of different types of tuberculosis patients has never been determined precisely. Objectives To assess the incremental yield of the second sputum sample in the follow-up of tuberculosis patients under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) in Chhattisgarh, India. Methodology A record review of tuberculosis (TB) patients registered in 2009 using a structured proforma from two sources, Tuberculosis and Laboratory Register, was undertaken in the six districts of Chhattisgarh, India. Results In smear positive cases, of 10,048 follow-up examinations, 45 (0.5%) were found to be smear positive only on the second sputum when the result of the first sample was negative. In smear negative pulmonary and extra pulmonary TB patients, of 6,206 follow-up smear examinations, 11(0.2%) were found to be smear positive. Conclusions The incremental yield of a second smear examination was very low, indicating that examination of one sputum sample is enough during follow-up among TB patients. There is insufficient yield to support sputum smear microscopy for monitoring smear negative pulmonary TB and extra pulmonary TB patients. These results indicate that the follow-up smear microscopy can be substantially simplified with favourable resource implications.

Kundu, Debashish; M. V. Kumar, Ajay; Satyanarayana, Srinath; Dewan, Puneet Kumar; Achuthan Nair, Sreenivas; Khaparde, Kshitij; Nayak, Priyakanta; Van den Bergh, Rafael; Manzi, Marcel; Enarson, Donald A.; Deshpande, Madhav Rao; Chandraker, Sachin

2012-01-01

222

1-year follow-up study of endothelial cell density loss after penetrating keratoplasty.  

PubMed

High endothelial cell density (ECD) is essential for the corneal graft clarity. We evaluated ECD loss in 120 eyes that underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in Eye Clinic Svjetlost in a one year follow up period. Patients were divided into 3 groups of high (N = 35), intermediate (N = 31) and low risk (N = 54) for graft failure. Postoperative central endothelial density, coefficient of variation in cell area (polymegathism), percentage of hexagonal cells (pleomorphism) in comparison to preoperative donor cell measurements were determined in the following postoperative time-points of 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. There were no significant differences in the preoperative ECD values, storage time, donor age or surgical procedures between groups. Throughout all time points intermediate group had the greatest statistically significant ECD loss as compared to high and low risk groups. There were no significant differences between high and low risk group. After 12 month post PK, intermediate risk group had 28.38% ECD loss as compared to 24.07% in high and 23.03% ECD loss in low risk group. Coefficient of variation in cell area (CV) was for high risk group 0.34, intermediate 0.40 and low risk 0.31 which was not significantly different between groups. Percentage of plemorphism in high risk was 54%, intermediate 58% and in low risk 48% which was significantly different as compared to other two groups. Our study showed that corneal pathology is among others, very important prognostic factor for ECD after PK. However, longer follow up period is needed. PMID:22220396

Draca, Natasa; Covi?, Ana; Pauk, Maja; Pasali?, Adis; Dekaris, Iva

2011-09-01

223

Childhood Predictors of Male Criminality: A Prospective Population-Based Follow-up Study from Age 8 to Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To study childhood predictors for late adolescence criminality. Method: The follow-up sample included 2,713 Finnish boys born in 1981. Information about the 8-year-old boys' problem behavior was obtained from parents, teachers, and the children themselves. The follow-up information about criminal offenses was based on the national…

Sourander, Andre; Elonheimo, Henrik; Niemela, Solja; Nuutila, Ari-Matti; Helenius, Hans; Sillanmaki, Lauri; Piha, Jorma; Tamminen, Tuula; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Moilanen, Irma; Almqvist, Frederik

2006-01-01

224

Childhood Predictors of Male Criminality: A Prospective Population-Based Follow-up Study from Age 8 to Late Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To study childhood predictors for late adolescence criminality. Method: The follow-up sample included 2,713 Finnish boys born in 1981. Information about the 8-year-old boys' problem behavior was obtained from parents, teachers, and the children themselves. The follow-up information about criminal offenses was based on the national…

Sourander, Andre; Elonheimo, Henrik; Niemela, Solja; Nuutila, Ari-Matti; Helenius, Hans; Sillanmaki, Lauri; Piha, Jorma; Tamminen, Tuula; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Moilanen, Irma; Almqvist, Frederik

2006-01-01

225

Asperger Syndrome and Autism: A Comparative Longitudinal Follow-Up Study More than 5 Years after Original Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis. Instruments used at follow-up included overall clinical assessment, the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and Global…

Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

226

Asperger Syndrome and Autism: A Comparative Longitudinal Follow-Up Study More than 5 Years after Original Diagnosis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prospective follow-up study of 70 males with Asperger syndrome (AS), and 70 males with autism more than 5 years after original diagnosis. Instruments used at follow-up included overall clinical assessment, the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, and Global…

Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher

2008-01-01

227

Purchase Intention, Purchase Behavior and the Active Solar Market: A Follow-Up Study. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

By following up on some prior respondents to solar surveys, solar energy purchase intentions are related to actual purchase behavior. Also examined is the relationship between attitudinal and demographic variables and trends in intention variables. Two se...

P. E. Johnston G. L. Lilien

1982-01-01

228

A Ten-Year Study of Meroplankton in North Carolina Estuaries: Assessment of Environmental Factors and Sampling Success Among Bothid Flounders and Penaeid Shrimps.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Biweekly nighttime samples of macroplankton were collected for a ten-year period (1957-66) from North Carolina estuaries. Establishment of stations, methods of sampling, and hydrographic climates are discussed. Assessment of effects of environmental facto...

A. B. Williams E. E. Deubler

1968-01-01

229

Social networks and longevity. A 14 year follow-up study among elderly in Denmark.  

PubMed

The hypothesis of the study was that social contacts to close friends and relatives and perceived social integration was able to delay mortality in general and cardiovascular mortality in particular. Altogether 1752 males and females, aged 70-100 years were interviewed by trained nurses in 1972 to 1974. The study group was based upon a random sample of all elderly in the town of Odense, Denmark. More than 80% participated in the survey which included data collection on social networks and health at the time of interviewing. By means of linking the study group to national registries on mortality and causes of mortality practically all in the cohort were traced until 1987. During follow-up 1501 persons died. Most of the association between social networks and mortality were weak and statistically insignificant but had the expected sign. After adjusting for initial health status only the interviewer's assessment of the quality of the network was statistically significant associated with longevity. A feeling of loneliness was found to be associated with cardiovascular mortality, especially for males. PMID:1767289

Olsen, R B; Olsen, J; Gunner-Svensson, F; Waldstrøm, B

1991-01-01

230

Periods of recovery in deficit syndrome schizophrenia: a 20-year multi-follow-up longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Periods of recovery were examined in patients with and without deficit syndrome schizophrenia. Fifty-six patients with schizophrenia were studied, 39 of whom were divided into deficit and nondeficit syndrome schizophrenia subtypes using a proxy method. We also studied 39 nonpsychotic depressive comparison patients. Patients were evaluated as part of the Chicago Follow-up Study, which prospectively examined patients at regular intervals over a 20-year period. Using standardized instruments, patients were evaluated for the deficit syndrome, global recovery, rehospitalization, social dysfunction, occupational disability, and symptom presentation. Recovery was examined at 6 time points measured at 2-, 4.5-, 7.5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year postindex hospitalization. Cumulatively, over the 20-year period, 13% of patients classified as meeting criteria for the deficit syndrome showed 1 or more 1-year periods of global recovery, in comparison to 63% of nondeficit schizophrenia patients and 77% of depressed patient controls. Results indicate that the deficit syndrome represents a persistently impaired subsample of schizophrenia patients, with continuous social, occupational, and symptom impairment. In contrast, nondeficit syndrome schizophrenia patients showed at least some periods of remission or recovery, with the likelihood of these periods increasing as they became older. Findings provide further support for the validity of the deficit syndrome concept and suggest that deficit status is characterized by a more persistently impaired course of illness and particularly poor long-term prognosis. PMID:19095758

Strauss, Gregory P; Harrow, Martin; Grossman, Linda S; Rosen, Cherise

2008-12-18

231

Why do the results of follow-up studies in delusional disorders differ?  

PubMed

In this paper 4 studies on the course of delusional disorders of midlife, partly diagnosed as 'late schizophrenias' in the sense of M. Bleuler, published up to the 70s and 3 studies on the same topic which were published in the 80s, all European, are analysed with regard to differences in their results in order to find out factors operating on these differences and to propose standards to be followed in such studies. Four such factors are stressed: different follow-up times leading to different rates of loss of probands by death, unreliable use of diagnostic terms and, probably more influential, unreliable use of terms describing the course, and different preconditions of the recruiting process by differences in the care systems the probands are collected in. Four conclusions are derived from this finding: the need for comprehensive and valid information, for reliable use of terms describing the course, for information about the care system the patients come from as an important precondition of the process of recruiting probands, and probably for the further development of a 'language' for the description of course. PMID:1784706

Gabriel, E; Schanda, H

1991-01-01

232

Family intervention therapy in alcohol dependence syndrome: One-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background: Among the various treatment modalities, family intervention is the most notable current advance in the area of psychosocial treatment of alcoholism. Aim: To assess the impact of family intervention therapy as an adjuvant to pharmacotherapy in alcohol-dependent subjects in a case-control study design. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients who satisfied DSM-IV Criteria for alcohol dependence syndrome were given the right package of family intervention therapy. Thirty age-, sex- and ‘marital status’-matched patients who satisfied the same diagnostic criteria were given only brief supportive psychotherapy. Both groups were assessed at base line, six months and at one year using Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Motivation Scale, Rotter's Locus of Control, Family Intervention Pattern Scale and Presumptive Stressful Events Scale. Primary efficacy variable was cumulative abstinence duration, and secondary efficacy variables were relapse rate and time to first drink. Results: Family intervention therapy significantly reduced the severity of alcohol intake, improved the motivation to stop alcohol and changed the locus of control from external to internal in the study group. Control group experienced more severe stressful life events than the study group during the follow-up periods. Drop-out rate was comparable in both groups. Conclusion: Combining pharmacological treatment with appropriate psychosocial therapies focusing on the specific problem of the patient provides better outcome than either of these therapies given alone.

Suresh Kumar, P. N.; Thomas, Biju

2007-01-01

233

Inpatient rehabilitation for hip or knee osteoarthritis: 2 year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine the course of pain, physical function, and other health dimensions after a comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation intervention in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee. Methods: An observational, prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline (entry into clinic), 1 (discharge from inpatient rehabilitation), 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after baseline. Consecutively referred patients to an inpatient rehabilitation centre fulfilling the inclusion criteria were studied. 3–4 week comprehensive rehabilitation intervention, including strengthening exercise, flexibility training, endurance training, relaxation strategies, and consultations for preventive measures, was carried out. Individual home rehabilitation programmes were taught. Generic health status was measured using the SF-36, condition specific health was measured with the WOMAC questionnaire. Effects were analysed with sensitivity statistics (effect size, ES) and non-parametric tests. Results: Data from 128 patients with complete follow up data were analysed. Both pain and physical function improved moderately (WOMAC pain: ES = 0.56, WOMAC function ES = 0.44) until discharge. Although the effect in pain reduction remained significant by month 24 (WOMAC: ES = 0.26), physical function deteriorated close to baseline values after 12 months. Conclusions: Comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation of patients with OA of the hip or knee may improve pain and physical function in the mid-term, and pain in the long term.

Weigl, M; Angst, F; Stucki, G; Lehmann, S; Aeschlimann, A

2004-01-01

234

Predictive accuracy of the HESI Exit Exam: a follow-up study.  

PubMed

This follow-up study compares the accuracy of the HESI Exit Exam (E) in predicting NCLEX success for the academic years 1996-97 (N = 2,809) and 1997-98 (N = 3,752) and is designed to replicate the study of Lauchner et al and to implement recommendations suggested by the authors for further research. The E was again found to be highly predictive of licensure success, regardless of the type of program tested: associate degree, baccalaureate degree, diploma, or practical nurse programs. The predictive accuracy of the E was 98.27% for the RN group and 99.34% for the PN group. The E was again found to be significantly more accurate when administration of the exam was monitored than when it was not monitored (P = 0.05). In the 1997-98 academic year, NCLEX success of low-scoring E students was examined. Significantly more (P = 0.001) of the low-scoring E students failed the licensure exam than high-scoring E students. However, significantly fewer (p = 0.05) of these low-scoring E students failed the licensing exam when the E was used as a benchmark or guide for remediation. PMID:18791385

Newman, Mary; Britt, Robin B; Lauchner, Kathryn A

235

Dietary Acid-Base Balance in Adolescent Sprint Athletes: A Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Sprinters are advised to include additional protein sources in their diet. Basal metabolism and vigorous physical activities generate hydrogen ions that need to be buffered. The present follow-up study estimates the dietary potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) in adolescent sprint athletes. Seven-day food diaries and anthropometrics of 60 adolescent sprint athletes (mean age at start 14.7 ± 1.9 years) were collected every six months over a three year period. Comparisons were made between athletes with a negative (PRAL(?)) versus positive PRAL (PRAL(+)). For the entire sample, mean PRAL values of up to 6 mEq/day were slightly positive despite a relatively high protein intake of around 1.5 g/kg. The NEAP ranging between 42 and 46 mEq/day remained stable during the study period. Athletes with a PRAL(?) (?8 to ?10 mEq/day) consumed significantly more fruit and fruit juice than athletes with a PRAL(+) (+9 to 14 mEq/day). Athletes with a PRAL(+) did not consume more meat, fish and poultry than athletes with a PRAL(?). Grains and dairy products were only discriminative between the two groups on one measurement occasion. Lowering the PRAL can be obtained by increasing the consumption of potatoes, fruits, vegetables and vegetable soup.

Aerenhouts, Dirk; Deriemaeker, Peter; Hebbelinck, Marcel; Clarys, Peter

2011-01-01

236

Involvement in bullying and suicidal ideation in middle adolescence: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to ascertain whether involvement in bullying increases the risk for subsequent suicidal ideation. A total of 2,070 Finnish girls and boys aged 15 were surveyed in the ninth grade (age 15) in schools, and followed up 2 years later in the Adolescent Mental Health Cohort Study. Involvement in bullying was elicited at age 15 by two questions focusing on being a bully and being a victim of bullying. Suicidal ideation was elicited by one item of the short Beck Depression Inventory at age 17. Baseline depressive symptoms and externalizing symptoms, age and sex were controlled for. Statistical analyses were carried out using cross-tabulations with Chi-square/Fisher's exact test and logistic regression. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was 3-4 times more prevalent among those who had been involved in bullying at age 15 than among those not involved. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was most prevalent among former victims of bullying. Being a victim of bullying at age 15 continued to predict subsequent suicidal ideation when depressive and externalizing symptoms were controlled for. Being a bully at age 15 also persisted as borderline significantly predictive of suicidal ideation when baseline symptoms were controlled for. Findings indicate adolescent victims and perpetrators of bullying alike are at long-term risk for suicidal ideation. PMID:23053774

Heikkilä, Hanna-Kaisa; Väänänen, Juha; Helminen, Mika; Fröjd, Sari; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu

2012-09-29

237

Clinicochemical follow-up of broiler rearing--a five-week study.  

PubMed

Commercial broilers were raised in a 5-week period and a detailed clinicochemical follow-up was carried out, to characterise a flock selected for one-sided muscle mass production. Blood samples were drawn at the ages of 1 day, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 weeks, and plasma enzyme activities, metabolite and ion concentrations were determined. Early increases were found for all plasma nitrogenous compounds (total protein, albumin, creatinine and urate). Triglyceride showed a posthatch peak with a significant effect of age. Plasma total cholesterol was characterised by a marked post-hatch concentration peak, while during the first week its concentration decreased markedly. Plasma AST showed an increase during the rearing, while a one-magnitude increment was found for creatine kinase activity during the study. The main results of the study outlined a typical precocial bird (post-hatch triglyceride peak; decreasing cholesterol and early peaking plasma protein and urate concentrations) with very quick skeletal muscle mass growth (increasing creatine kinase and AST activities, slight hyperkalaemia). PMID:18277704

Szabó, A; Milisits, G

2007-12-01

238

The natural course of allergic rhinitis: a 32-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Abstract Conclusion: Early intervention may change the natural course of allergic rhinitis, preventing the progression to asthma. In particular, immunotherapy guarantees remission of local symptoms and valid protection against local and bronchial complications. Symptomatic treatment represents a valid alternative; it is always to be preferred to abstention from any treatment. Objectives: Data emerging from various studies on the increase of the prevalence of allergic rhinitis in recent decades appear to be widely dishomogeneous. Another point that needs clarification is the relationship between allergic rhinitis and lower airways pathologies such as asthma or bronchitis. Methods: We followed the evolution of allergic rhinitis in a group of patients for the last 30 years to highlight the efficacy of different treatments in the prevention of complications, specifically asthma. After 32 years (1980-2012), 46/73 (63%) patients completed the follow-up. Results: Symptomatic drugs exhibited maximum efficacy from the third to the eighth year, with 13 of 15 patients reporting an improvement of symptoms; immunotherapy achieved the best efficacy starting from the sixth to the tenth year (8 of 10 patients recovered). Subsequently, improvements decreased in the two groups, to a steady level of 11 of 15 and 6 of 10 recovered patients. Asthma developed in 3 of 46 patients and only among patients that were not treated. PMID:24125190

Passali, Giulio Cesare; Bellussi, Luisa Maria; De Corso, Eugenio; Passali, Francesco Maria; Passali, Desiderio

2013-11-01

239

Long term follow-up of patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated surgically: a preliminary subjective study.  

PubMed

An 8 to 14-year follow-up study of 51 surgically-treated patients with idiopathic scoliosis was performed to determine the impact upon their total life styles, and the differences in comparable but non-surgically-treated patients. Forty-nine per cent were already married and raising families and 70 per cent had been educated beyond high school. Ninety-four per cent were actively employed although 20 per cent had met with some type of job discrimination. None of the unemployed was rejected because of back symptoms. Eighty-six per cent of the patients experienced either no back symptoms or just an annoying but nonrestrictive type of low back pain. Most of the patients experiencing significant back pain were found to have tight hamstrings. Only 4 per cent of the patients required hospitalization for back symptoms and another 4 per cent relied on the use of a lumbar corset to relieve their back strain. Seventy-eight per cent of the patients were quite active in sports and other strenuous activities. Fifty-one per cent of the patients were motivated for cosmetic reasons to undergo the corrective surgery. Postoperatively, 33 per cent were still self-conscious of their scar and 43 per cent were bothered with a residual deformity. Only 10 per cent, however, expressed an overall dissatisfaction with the total result. PMID:1277665

Grouw, A V; Nadel, C I; Weierman, R J; Lowell, H A

1976-06-01

240

Older men's lay definitions of successful aging over time: the Manitoba follow-up study.  

PubMed

The concept of "successful aging" has become widely accepted in gerontology, yet continues to have no common underlying definition. Researchers have increasingly looked to older individuals for their lay definitions of successful aging. The present analysis is based on responses to five questionnaires administered to surviving participants of the male Manitoba Follow-up Study cohort (www.mfus.ca) in 1996, 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006 (n = 2,043 men were alive at a mean age of 78 years in 1996). One question on each survey asked: "What is YOUR definition of successful aging?" Applying content analysis to the 5,898 narratives received over the 11 years, we developed a coding system encompassing 21 main themes and 86 sub-themes defining successful aging. We quantitatively analyzed trends in prevalence of themes of successful aging prospectively over time. Our findings empirically support colleagues' past suggestions to shift from defining successful aging in primarily biomedical terms, by taking lay views into account. PMID:23855184

Tate, Robert B; Swift, Audrey U; Bayomi, Dennis J

2013-01-01

241

Childhood ADHD and the Emergence of Personality Disorders in Adolescence: A Prospective Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Adults with ADHD experience considerable functional impairment. However, the extent to which comorbid Axis II personality disorders contribute to their difficulties and whether such comorbidities are associated with the childhood condition or the persistence of ADHD into adulthood remains unclear. Methods: This study examined the presence of personality disorders in a longitudinal sample of adolescents diagnosed with ADHD when they were 7 – 11 years-old, as compared to a matched, never-ADHD, control group. Participants were 16-26 years old at follow-up. Based on a psychiatric interview, the ADHD group was subdivided into those with and without persistent ADHD. Axis II symptoms were assessed using the SCID-II. Data were analyzed using logistic regression and odds ratios (OR) were generated. Results: Individuals diagnosed with childhood ADHD are at increased risk for personality disorders in late adolescence, specifically Borderline (OR = 13.16), Antisocial (OR = 3.03), Avoidant (OR = 9.77), and Narcissistic (OR = 8.69) personality disorders. Those with persistent ADHD were at higher risk for Antisocial (OR = 5.26) and Paranoid (OR = 8.47) personality disorders when compared to those in whom ADHD remitted, but not the other personality disorders. Conclusion: Results suggest that ADHD portends risk for adult personality disorders, but the risk is not uniform across disorders, nor is it uniformly related to child or adult diagnostic status.

Miller, Carlin J.; Flory, Janine D.; Miller, Scott, R.; Harty, Seth C.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2009-01-01

242

Conflict resolution patterns and longevity of adolescent romantic couples: a 2-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

This study examined the predictors of longevity among 40 late adolescent romantic couples (mean age males=17.71 years; mean age females=17.18 years). Subjects were given a revealed differences task where they were asked to solve their disagreements. The joint task was recorded, transcribed and analysed by two raters. At 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after this procedure, partners were contacted by telephone and asked whether their relationship was still intact. A cluster analysis was performed on couples' interaction indices and yielded three distinctive conflict resolution patterns. The Downplaying pattern was characterized by a high tendency to minimize the conflict. The relationships of the adolescents displaying this pattern stayed intact for a period of 9 months. Half of them were still together after 24 months. The adolescents displaying the Integrative pattern, which shows a good ability to negotiate differences tended to stay together over a period of 24 months. Those showing the Conflictive pattern, characterized by a confrontative interaction, were separated by the 3 months follow-up. Results are discussed within the context of developmental perspectives of conflict resolution tendencies and adolescent romance. PMID:16198410

Shulman, Shmuel; Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka; Levran, Elisheva; Anbar, Shmuel

2005-09-29

243

Do neuroleptic drugs hasten cognitive decline in dementia? Prospective study with necropsy follow up.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contribution of neuroleptic drugs to cognitive decline in dementia. DESIGN: Two year prospective, longitudinal study consisting of interviews every four months, with necropsy follow up. SETTING: Community settings in Oxfordshire. SUBJECTS: 71 subjects with dementia, initially living at home with informant. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cognitive function (score from expanded minimental state examination); behavioural problems (physical aggression, hallucinations, persecutory ideas, and disturbance of diurnal rhythm); and postmortem neuropathological assessment (cortical Lewy body pathology). RESULTS: The mean (SE) decline in cognitive score in the 16 patients who took neuroleptics was twice that in the patients who did not (20.7 (2.9) v 9.3 (1.3), P = 0.002). An increased rate of decline was also associated with aggression, disturbed diurnal rhythm, and persecutory ideas. However, only use of neuroleptics and severity of persecutory ideas were independently associated with more rapid cognitive decline when all other variables were adjusted for. The start of neuroleptic treatment coincided with more rapid cognitive decline: median rate of decline was 5 (interquartile range 8.5) points per year before treatment and 11 (12) points per year after treatment (P = 0.02). Cortical Lewy body pathology did not account for association between neuroleptic use and more rapid decline. CONCLUSIONS: Neuroleptic drugs that are sometimes used to treat behavioural complications of dementia may worsen already poor cognitive function. Randomised controlled trials are needed to confirm a causal relation.

McShane, R.; Keene, J.; Gedling, K.; Fairburn, C.; Jacoby, R.; Hope, T.

1997-01-01

244

The garland type of acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis: morphological characteristics and follow-up studies.  

PubMed

Among 44 patients with acute post-infectious GN, we found 11 cases (10 male, 1 female) displaying an immunohistologically and electron microscopically characteristic "garland pattern". Numerous sub-epithelial deposits of the "hump" type with characteristic patchiness correspond in the electron micrograph to densely packed deposits (IgG, always combined with C3, more rarely also with IgM) demonstrable immunohistologically on the peripheral loops. On the other hand, sub-endothelial, mesangial and intramembranous deposits are less prominent. Clinically, the patients have a strikingly high proteinuria. Follow-up studies have revealed that in a proportion of the patients both the clinical and the morphological findings can regress after a month long course. These are mainly younger patients. On the other hand, in another group of cases (mainly older patients) both the clinical and the morphological findings persist even after months. Within acute post-infectious GN, the "garland type" appears to form a particular group in which a large proteinuria (with or without nephrotic syndrome) and a tendency to chronicity or at least to a protracted course is present in a relatively high percentage. PMID:6883817

Sorger, K; Balun, J; Hübner, F K; Köhler, H; Olbing, H; Schulz, W; Seybold, D; Thoenes, G H; Thoenes, W

1983-07-01

245

Counselling for Patients and Family Members: A Follow-Up Study in the Emergency Department  

PubMed Central

Although the research indicates that patients and family members are not fully satisfied with the counselling they receive, little is known about the quality of counselling in more detail. The purpose of the study was to describe patients' and their family members' experiences about counselling in emergency department, and follow how these experiences possibly change after the educational intervention for the whole nursing staff of the ED ward. The pre-test-post-test follow-up design was implemented including online continuing education for ED staff. The data were collected via questionnaires from patients and their family members in two phases and analyzed statistically. After online education of staff, experiences of patients and family members concerning counselling were better than before the education. Especially, family members' satisfaction had increased. However, our results also indicated that patients and family members desire more information for example, regarding medications. Care practices had developed towards family-centeredness, which patients and family members appreciate. Online education proved also in some degree its usefulness in educating ED staff, by offering the same education to a staff which works in shifts. Furthermore, family presence and participation practices should be developed by offering possibilities for families to stay with each other on ED ward.

Paavilainen, Eija; Salminen-Tuomaala, Mari; Leikkola, Paivi

2012-01-01

246

Periosteal flaps and grafts in primary cleft repair: a follow-up study.  

PubMed

A long-term follow-up study of maxillary clefts operated on primarily with the maxillary periosteal flap (67 patients) and the free tibial periosteal graft (23 patients) showed a definite bone bridge in 64 versus 85 percent of the patients. Still, secondary bone grafting was indicated in both in over 70 percent. Lateral crossbite was observed in all and anterior crossbite (mostly dental) was seen in over 80 percent of both groups. There were no statistically significant differences in the cephalometric angular measurements between the groups. Inside the maxillary periosteal flap group the maxillary growth was more retarded in unilateral and especially bilateral complete clefts than in alveolar clefts only. The maxillary growth seemed to be on average better than in primarily bone-grafted materials. The primary use of periosteum had been abandoned in our unit already in 1974, because it did not fulfill the expectations of prevention of maxillary collapse, lesser need for secondary bone grafting, and better midfacial growth. PMID:2909063

Rintala, A E; Ranta, R

1989-01-01

247

Long-term follow-up study of browlift for treatment of facial paralysis.  

PubMed

Browlift for patients with irreversible paralysis of the frontalis muscle was evaluated in a review of 40 patients who had undergone follow-up studies for durations of more than 3 years. The procedure consists of a lazy S-shaped excision above the upper border of the eyebrow and upward fixation of the lower skin margin. The results were as follows: (1) The percentage of patients for whom symmetrical positioning of the eyebrow was achieved was 65%. (2) The greater the preoperative severity of ptosis, the more often did recurrence occur. (3) Recurrence progressed rapidly during the first postoperative year, but thereafter recurrence was seen only in those patients in whom the affected eyebrow was still in a position higher than its counterpart. (4) No relationship could be seen between age at the time of surgery and postoperative position of eyebrow. (5) Improvement in contraction of the visual field was seen in 85% of patients postoperatively, and complaints were eliminated in 50%. (6) Careful preservation of the sensory nerve is required. (7) The postoperative scar was acceptable. This procedure is a simple and effective method of correction of paralytic ptosis. Although a degree of skill is required to obtain satisfactory results and a surgical scar remains at the upper border of the eyebrow, the advantages of the procedure surpass its disadvantages. It is believed that this method should be used more often in the treatment of facial paralysis. PMID:8192367

Ueda, K; Harii, K; Yamada, A

1994-02-01

248

Risk factors for criminal recidivism - a prospective follow-up study in prisoners with substance abuse  

PubMed Central

Background Substance use in general has been shown to predict criminal recidivism. The present study aimed to examine potential predictors of criminal recidivism, including substance-specific substance use patterns, in prisoners with substance use. Methods A cohort of prisoners with substance use problems (N?=?4,152) were assessed with the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) in the Swedish criminal justice system. Clients were followed for an average of 2.7?years. Criminal recidivism was defined as any return to the criminal justice system. Results During follow-up, 69 percent (n?=?2,862) returned to the criminal justice system. Recidivism was associated with amphetamine and heroin use, with an additive risk for injectors, and with polysubstance use. Also, recidivism was negatively associated with alcohol, other opioids than heroin/methadone and with hallucinogenic drugs, and positively associated with previous psychiatric in-patient treatment, violent behaviour, and with a shorter index sentence. Associations remained when controlling for type of crime. Conclusions Even when controlling for type and severity of crime, and for psychiatric problems, risk of criminal relapse was increased by substance use variables, including amphetamine, heroin and polysubstance use, and an additional risk was shown for injection drug users. These findings have implications for the need for substance abuse treatment after release from prison.

2012-01-01

249

Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity: Follow-Up Study. Manual of Procedures. Volume 2, Phase 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is the manual of procedures for the Phase II follow-up study of cryotherapy for retinopathy of prematurity. It details the rationale, design, current status, and procedures used in the study.

1992-01-01

250

Long-term follow-up study of patients with refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder.  

PubMed

The authors prospectively followed patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Between 1988 and 1995, 56 patients with a history of inadequate response to oral clomipramine received 14 infusions of intravenous clomipramine. The follow-up period ranged from 4 to 11 years after treatment. Of the 44 subjects interviewed at follow-up, 70.5% had current OCD and 29.5% had sub-threshold OCD. Almost half reported feeling much improved or very much improved compared to their state prior to treatment with intravenous clomipramine. PMID:19196930

Ross, Stephen; Fallon, Brian A; Petkova, Eva; Feinstein, Suzanne; Liebowitz, Michael R

2008-01-01

251

Particulate Matter Exposures, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The association of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes with air pollution exposures has been well established in the literature. The number of studies examining chronic exposures in cohorts is growing, with more recent studies conducted among women finding risk estimates of greater magnitude. Questions remain regarding sex differences in the relationship of chronic particulate matter (PM) exposures with mortality and cardiovascular outcomes. Objectives: In this study we explored these associations in the all-male Health Professionals Follow-Up Study prospective cohort. Methods: The same spatiotemporal exposure estimation models, similar outcomes, and biennially updated covariates were used as those previously applied in the female Nurses’ Health Study cohort. Results: Among 17,545 men residing in the northeastern and midwestern United States, there were 2,813 deaths, including 746 cases of fatal coronary heart disease (CHD). An interquartile range change (4 µg/m3) in average exposure to PM ? 2.5 µm in diameter in the 12 previous months was not associated with all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.94; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.87–1.00] or fatal CHD (HR = 0.99; 95% CI, 0.87–1.13) in fully adjusted models. Findings were similar for separate models of exposure to PM ? 10 µm in diameter and PM between 2.5 and 10 µm in diameter and for copollutant models. Conclusions: Among this cohort of men with high socioeconomic status living in the midwestern and northeastern United States, the results did not support an association of chronic PM exposures with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in models with time-varying covariates. Whether these findings suggest sex differences in susceptibility or the protective impact of healthier lifestyles and higher socioeconomic status requires additional investigation.

Hart, Jaime E.; Suh, Helen; Mittleman, Murray; Laden, Francine

2011-01-01

252

Are breast implants anticarcinogenic? A 14-year follow-up of the Los Angeles Study.  

PubMed

Despite decades of use, the long-term safety of breast implants in women remains a concern. While the incidence of breast cancer among women has increased dramatically in the past decade, the implant-related risk of carcinoma of the breast only recently has received widespread attention. An additional concern is that the presence of the implant may delay tumor detection. This study allows examination of breast cancer risk and detection issues among patients with long-term exposure. We conducted a record linkage cohort study of cosmetic breast implant patients. We abstracted the records of the private practices of 35 broad-certified plastic surgeons in Los Angeles County, California. We included 3182 white women who received cosmetic breast implants between 1953 and 1980. Spanish-surnamed women, nonresidents of Los Angeles County, and patients with prior subcutaneous mastectomy or breast cancer were excluded. Cancer outcomes through 1991 have been ascertained through record linkage with the Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program. With a median follow-up of 14.4 years, 31 breast cancer cases were observed, compared with 49.2 expected, based on Los Angeles County population-based incidence rates (standardized incidence ratio = 63.0 percent; 95 percent confidence limits: 42.8 and 89.5 percent). The distribution of stage of disease at diagnosis among women with implants did not differ from that of all similar breast cancer patients in Los Angeles County. In Los Angeles County, augmentation mammaplasty patients experience a significantly lower than expected risk of breast cancer and no delay in breast cancer detection after an average of 14.4 years of exposure. While the linkage methodology allows the possibility of failing to detect diagnosed cancer cases and does not permit collection of some pertinent risk factors, the six other published epidemiologic studies on the topic also report breast cancer risk to be at or below the expected rate. PMID:9105362

Deapen, D M; Bernstein, L; Brody, G S

1997-04-01

253

Overweight in Midlife and Risk of Dementia: A 40-Year Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examines if overweight in midlife increases dementia risk later in life. Methods In 1963 Body Mass Index was assessed in 1152 participants of The Swedish Twin Registry, then at the age of 45 to 65 years. These participants were later screened for dementia in a prospective study with up to 40 years follow-up. A total of 312 participants were diagnosed with dementia. Results Logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographic factors, smoking and alcohol habits, indicated that men and women categorized as overweight in their midlife had an elevated risk of dementia (OR = 1.59; 95% CI: 1.21 to 2.07, p = .002), Alzheimer’s disease (OR = 1.71; 95% CI: 1.24 to 2.35, p = .003), and vascular dementia (OR = 1.55; 95% CI: 0.98 to 2.47, p = .059). Further adjustments for diabetes and vascular diseases did not substantially affect the associations, except for vascular dementia (OR = 1.36; 95% CI: 0.82 to 2.56, p = .116), reflecting the significance of diabetes and vascular diseases in the aetiology of vascular dementia. There was no significant interaction between overweight and APOE ?4 status, indicating that having both risk factors does not have a multiplicative effect concerning dementia risk. Conclusions This study gives further support to the notion that overweight in midlife increases later risk of dementia. The risk is increased for both Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, and follows the same pattern for men and women.

Hassing, Linda B.; Dahl, Anna K.; Thorvaldsson, Valgeir; Berg, Stig; Gatz, Margaret; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Johansson, Boo

2011-01-01

254

Serum Adiponectin and Type 2 Diabetes: A 6-Year Follow-Up Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Background Studies on factors which may predict the risk of diabetes are scarce. This prospective cohort study was conducted to determine the association between adiponectin and type 2 diabetes among Korean men and women. Methods A total of 42,845 participants who visited one of seven health examination centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi province, Republic of Korea between 2004 and 2008 were included in this study. The incidence rates of diabetes were determined through December 2011. To evaluate the effects of adiponectin on type 2 diabetes, the Cox proportional hazard model was used. Results Of the 40,005 participants, 959 developed type 2 diabetes during a 6-year follow-up. After the adjustment for age, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference, the risks for type 2 diabetes in participants with normoglycemia had a 1.70-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21 to 2.38) increase in men and a 1.83-fold (95% CI, 1.17 to 2.86) increase in women with the lowest tertile of adiponectin when compared to the highest tertile of adiponectin. For participants with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), the risk for type 2 diabetes had a 1.46-fold (95% CI, 1.17 to 1.83) increase in men and a 2.52-fold (95% CI, 1.57 to 4.06) increase in women with the lowest tertile of adiponectin. Except for female participants with normoglycemia, all the risks remained significant after the adjustment for fasting glucose and other confounding variables. Surprisingly, BMI and waist circumference were not predictors of type 2 diabetes in men or women with IFG after adjustment for fasting glucose and other confounders. Conclusion A strong association between adiponectin and diabetes was observed. The use of adiponectin as a predictor of type 2 diabetes is considered to be useful.

Ahn, Chul Woo; Park, Jong Suk; Park, Chang Gyu; Kim, Hyon-Suk; Lee, Sang-Hak; Park, Sungha; Lee, Myoungsook; Lee, Chang Beom; Park, Hye Soon; Kimm, Heejin; Choi, Sung Hee; Sung, Jidong; Oh, Seungjoon; Joung, Hyojee; Kim, Sung Rae; Youn, Ho-Joong; Kim, Sun Mi; Lee, Hong Soo; Mok, Yejin; Choi, Eunmi; Yun, Young Duk; Baek, Soo-Jin; Jo, Jaeseong; Huh, Kap Bum

2013-01-01

255

A follow-up study on word and non-word reading skills in Down syndrome.  

PubMed

The current study was designed to trace changes in the relationship between non-word reading and irregular word reading on the one hand, and between phonological awareness and non-word reading on the other, through a follow-up study of a group of individuals with Down syndrome. Twelve individuals with Down syndrome, whose data were originally reported in Roch and Jarrold (2008), were seen four years later, and were given the same tasks as in the previous study evaluating phonological awareness, non-word reading and irregular word reading. After four years, an improvement was observed in all the skills of interest. Furthermore, the pattern of relationships among the three skills was observed to change considerably across the four year period. At the first time point, a weak association between non-word and irregular word reading was found, but there was a strong association between these two measures at the second time point. In contrast, a strong relationship was found at Time 1 between non-word reading and phonological awareness, which became weaker at Time 2. Longitudinal associations between the three skills were also examined in order to explain this changing pattern of associations. The results indicated that the ability to decode non-words plays a marginal role on later irregular word reading. In contrast, irregular word reading is a longitudinal predictor of later non-word reading. Phonological awareness was not longitudinally related to non-word reading. The results indicate that developing word knowledge can facilitate later non-word reading in Down syndrome, perhaps by a process of reading by visual analogy to known lexical items. Learning outcomes: Readers will be able to (a) explain the development of word reading, non-word reading and phonological awareness in Down syndrome; (b) explain the longitudinal changes in the relationships among the three skills; (c) explain the relevance for education of the influence of word reading for the improvement in non-word reading. PMID:22176835

Roch, Maja; Jarrold, Christopher

2011-11-25

256

Impact of Early Programming for the Handicapped: A Follow-Up Study into the Elementary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Follow-up data from school records, teacher ratings, and parent ratings were obtained for a sample of 86 handicapped children who had been enrolled during 1973-1979 in a preschool program organized by the Rural Champaign County Special Education Cooperative and the University of Illinois. Results indicate that, in general, these children made a successful transition into elementary school. Only 20% were

Merle B. Karnes; Allan M. Schwedel; George F. Lewis; Darryl A. Ratts; D. Ruth Esry

1981-01-01

257

Re-Evaluating the University Attrition Statistic: A Longitudinal Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following up on the transition to university and university persistence, 119 (44 males; 75 females) students who had not graduated (within seven years) from a large, commuter Canadian university were interviewed. "Leavers" were not a homogenous group but could be divided into categories of departure: transferred to another university (29.4%),…

Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Bowers, Colleen; Gordner, Nicole; Lange, Liora

2006-01-01

258

Academic Performance of the Community College Transfer Student: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an attempt to measure the efficacy of a college parallel program, a follow-up of 204 community college students was conducted. Grades earned by those students at both colleges correlated +.65. GPA dropped during the first semester after transfer, indicating the effects of transfer shock. (Author)|

Nolan, Edwin J.; Hall, Donald L.

1978-01-01

259

Communication Audits and the Effects of Increased Information: A Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how communication audits are typically presented as one-shot events, whose impact is not measured. Employs a follow-up audit to track the effects of an initial audit upon a major health care organization. Illustrates how the audit can play a useful role in an organization's communication strategy. (SG)

Hargie, Owen; Tourish, Dennis; Wilson, Noel

2002-01-01

260

Communication Audits and the Effects of Increased Information: A Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers how communication audits are typically presented as one-shot events, whose impact is not measured. Employs a follow-up audit to track the effects of an initial audit upon a major health care organization. Illustrates how the audit can play a useful role in an organization's communication strategy. (SG)|

Hargie, Owen; Tourish, Dennis; Wilson, Noel

2002-01-01

261

Loss to Follow-Up in a Longitudinal Study on Urogenital Tract Symptoms in Dutch Older Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe loss to follow-up (LTFU) in a longitudinal community-based study on urogenital tract dysfunction in older men. Patients and Methods: A cohort study of men recruited from a Dutch municipality was performed. A baseline study and two follow-up rounds – all with questionnaires and additional measurements – were performed with, on average, 2.1-year intervals. Baseline characteristics were compared

Marco H. Blanker; Jennie Prins; J. L. H. Ruud Bosch; Boris W. V. Schouten; Roos M. D. Bernsen; Frans P. M. J. Groeneveld; Arthur M. Bohnen

2005-01-01

262

Co-morbidities among silicotics at Shakarpur: A follow up study  

PubMed Central

Context: Studies have revealed high morbidity and mortality among agate stone workers of Shakarpur due to silicosis. Besides the fatal disease, the workers also suffer from debilitating co-morbidities especially tuberculosis and under nutrition. Aims: The present study describes few co-morbidities and their influence in mortality in cases of silicosis that were followed for 30 months at Shakarpur. Settings and Design: Shakarpur, Khambhat of Gujarat. Materials and Methods: Spirometry for lung function, chest X-ray, anthropometry, body fat % measurement, record of tuberculosis status and ILO classification of pneumoconiosis were done among 53 chest symptomatic patients above 15 years of age who were followed for 30 months. Results: Out of 53 participants (35 men), with an average duration of exposure to free silica of 16.8 years, more than half of the male workers were underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m2) at enrollment. Thirteen participants died in less than 3 years of follow up. While 11 of them were silicosis positive out of which 10 had tuberculosis. The odds ratio for association between silicosis and tuberculosis was 2.75. A majority (81.1%) of the 37 silicosis positive cases showed a mixed pattern in spirometry suggesting co-existence of restrictive and obstructive pathology. On regression analysis, TB and nutritional status were found to have strong influence on mortality. Conclusions: Screening for early diagnosis of silicosis as well as co-morbid conditions and managing them would go a long way in prolonging the lives of the agate stone workers who are prone to die early due to silicosis.

Chaudhury, Nayanjeet; Paliwal, Rajiv; Phatak, Ajay

2012-01-01

263

Quality of Life of Stroke Survivors: A 3-Month Follow-up Study.  

PubMed

The assessment of stroke survivors' quality of life (QoL) is essential for planning poststroke therapy strategies. This study aimed to assess, compare, and identify predictors of unsatisfactory QoL in different dimensions of stroke survivors at 1 month and 3 months poststroke. A total of 125 stroke survivors were recruited from 4 public hospitals under the auspices of the Department of Medical Services, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, Thailand, and followed for 3 months. QoL was assessed using the self-administered SF-36 Health Survey, version 2.0. Six specific dimensions of QoL-physical function, role-physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, and role-emotional-were significantly improved at 3 months poststroke; however, 2 dimensions-social function and mental health-were not. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that at 1 month poststroke, significant predictors of unsatisfactory QoL were being dependent (Barthel Index score <80), severe cognitive impairment (Canadian Neurological Scale score <7), right hemisphere lesions, being single or widowed, age ?60 years, and being unemployed poststroke. At 3 months poststroke, significant predictors of unsatisfactory QoL were being dependent (Barthel Index score <80), severe cognitive impairment (Canadian Neurological Scale score <7), being single or widowed, being unemployed poststroke, and self-supporting/other support for treatment fees. This follow-up study demonstrated a significant improvement in QoL from 1 month to 3 months poststroke. Predictors of QoL varied both over time poststroke and over the specific dimensions of QoL being considered. PMID:22749628

Rachpukdee, Sangkaew; Howteerakul, Nopporn; Suwannapong, Nawarat; Tang-Aroonsin, Smarn

2012-06-29

264

Suicide following the death of a sibling: a nationwide follow-up study from Sweden  

PubMed Central

Objectives The death of a sibling can trigger grief and depression. Sibling deaths from external causes may be particularly detrimental, since they are often sudden. We aimed to examine the association between the death of an adult sibling from external causes and the risk of suicide among surviving siblings up to 18?years after bereavement. We adjusted for intrafamily correlation in death risks, which might occur because of shared genetics and shared early-life experiences of siblings in the same family. Design A follow-up study between 1981 and 2002 based on the total population. Setting Sweden. Participants Swedes aged 25–64?years (n=1?748?069). Primary and secondary outcome measures Suicide from the Swedish cause of death register. Results An increased risk of mortality from suicide was found among persons who had experienced the death of a sibling. In women, the suicide risk was 1.55 times that of non-bereaved persons (95% CI 0.99 to 2.44), and in men it was 1.28 times higher (95% CI 0.93 to 1.77). If one sibling committed suicide, the risk of the remaining sibling also committing suicide was 3.19 (95% CI 1.23 to 8.25) among women and 2.44 (95% CI 1.34 to 4.45) among men. Associations with other main causes of death—such as external other than suicide, cardiovascular diseases or cancer—were generally much smaller and statistically not significant in either sex. We found no clear support for a specific time pattern according to time since a sibling's death. Conclusions Our study provided evidence for suicide risk associated with the death of a sibling at adult age, revealing that bereaved persons’ risk of suicide is higher when siblings die from suicide, even when adjusting for intrafamily correlation in death risks.

Rostila, Mikael; Saarela, Jan; Kawachi, Ichiro

2013-01-01

265

The natural history of Noonan syndrome: a long-term follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objective To define better the adult phenotype and natural history of Noonan syndrome. Design A prospective observational study of a large cohort. Results Data are presented for 112 individuals with Noonan syndrome (mean age 25.3 (range 12–71)?years), who were followed up for a mean of 12.02?years. Mutations in PTPN11 were identified in 35% of probands. Ten subjects died during the study interval; three of these deaths were secondary to heart failure associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Pulmonary stenosis affected 73 (65%) subjects; 42 (58%) required no intervention, nine underwent balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (three requiring further intervention) and 22 surgical valvuloplasty (three requiring further intervention). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy affected 21 (19%) patients, which had remitted in two cases, but one subject required cardiac transplant. No subjects died suddenly or had symptoms suggestive of arrhythmia. The mean final adult height was 167.4?cm in males and 152.7?cm in females. Feeding problems in infancy were identified as a predictor of future outcome. The mean age of speaking in two?word phrases was 26?months for those with no feeding difficulties, compared with 39?months for those with severe problems requiring nasogastric feeding. Attendance at a school for children with special needs for the same groups was 12.5% and 58%, respectively. A statement of special educational need had been issued in 44% overall; however, academic achievement was broadly similar to that of the general population. Implications Although the morbidity for some patients with Noonan syndrome is low, early predictors of poorer outcome have been identified, which will help ascertain those most in need of intervention.

Shaw, A C; Kalidas, K; Crosby, A H; Jeffery, S; Patton, M A

2007-01-01

266

Ergonomic stressors and upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in automobile manufacturing: a one year follow up study  

PubMed Central

Aims: To estimate the one year cumulative incidence and persistence of upper extremity (UE) soft tissue disorders, in a fixed cohort of automotive manufacturing workers, and to quantify their associations with ergonomic exposures. Methods: At baseline and at follow up, cases of UE musculoskeletal disorders were determined by interviewer administered questionnaire and standardised physical examination of the upper extremities. The interview obtained new data on psychosocial strain and updated the medical and work histories. An index of exposure to ergonomic stressors, obtained at baseline interview, was the primary independent variable. Cumulative incidence and persistence of UE disorders (defined both by symptoms and by physical examination plus symptoms) were analysed in relation to baseline ergonomic exposures, adjusting for other covariates. The incidence of new disorders was modelled using multivariate proportional hazards regression among workers who were not cases in the first year and the prevalence on both occasions was modelled by repeated measures analysis. Results: A total of 820 workers (69% of eligible cohort members) was examined. Follow up varied slightly by department group but not by baseline exposure level or other characteristics. Among the non-cases at baseline, the cumulative incidence of UE disorders was 14% by symptoms and 12% by symptoms plus examination findings. These rates increased with index of physical exposures primarily among subjects who had the same jobs at follow up as at baseline. Increased exposure during follow up increased risk of incidence. The persistence of UE disorders from baseline to follow up examination was nearly 60% and somewhat associated with baseline exposure score. Conclusions: These longitudinal results confirm the previous cross sectional associations of UE musculoskeletal disorders with exposure to combined ergonomic stressors. The exposure-response relation was similar for incident cases defined by symptoms alone and those confirmed by physical examination.

Punnett, L; Gold, J; Katz, J; Gore, R; Wegman, D

2004-01-01

267

Relationships between Reading, Phonological Skills and Language Development in Individuals With Down Syndrome: A Five Year Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Details language, memory, and reading information gathered for a five year follow up study of 30 children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Concludes that early learning skills may be significant predictors of mean length of utterance five years later. (PM)|

Laws, Glynis; Gunn, Deborah

2002-01-01

268

NIH-Funded Study Examines Frequency of Follow-Up Bone Mineral Density Tests in Older Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... funded study examines frequency of follow-up bone mineral density tests in older adults What Osteoporosis is ... care professionals have long known that low bone mineral density (BMD) is an important risk factor for ...

269

WHI and WHIMS follow-up and human studies of soy isoflavones on cognition.  

PubMed

Recent follow-up analyses of the previous findings from the Women's Health Initiative and the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study confirmed some health benefits of estrogen-containing hormone therapy (HT) in women within 10 years from the onset of menopause. However, the potential risks associated with long-term administration of HT, such as breast cancer and stroke, remain a concern for therapy recipients, underlying the need for an alternative treatment that is functionally equivalent but with a greater safety profile. Owing to their structural and functional resemblance to mammalian estrogens and lack of evident adverse effects, research interest in plant-derived phytoestrogens has increased in the past decade. While multiple health-promoting benefits of phytoestrogens have been proposed from basic science, the clinical data remain inconclusive. This review provides a comparative analysis of human studies on the effects of soy-based isoflavones on cognition. Of the eight studies published in 2000-2007, seven were conducted in postmenopausal women, four of which revealed a positive impact of isoflavones on cognitive function. Multiple factors could have contributed to the discrepant outcomes across studies, such as variation in the composition of phytoestrogen interventions and the heterogeneous characteristics of the study population. Thus, a well-designed clinical study based on a standardized stable formulation in a well-characterized study population is required in order to reach a clinical consensus. A formulation composed of select estrogen receptor beta-selective phytoestrogens with a rationally designed composition would avoid the potential antagonism present in a mixture and thus enhance therapeutic efficacy. In addition, inclusion of equol in a study formulation offers a potential synergistic effect from equol in both equol-producing and nonproducing individuals, as well as added benefits for men. With respect to the design of study population, a clinically consistent effect could potentially be achieved by stratifying populations based on genotype, age, hormonal history and even diets. Development of an effective phytoestrogen formulation would benefit both women and men to prevent or treat hormone-dependent conditions and, most of all, to improve neurological health and reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease. PMID:17997703

Zhao, Liqin; Brinton, Roberta Diaz

2007-11-01

270

Physical Activity and Survival After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine whether higher physical activity after prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis decreases risk of overall and PCa-specific death. Patients and Methods We evaluated physical activity in relation to overall and PCa mortality among 2,705 men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study diagnosed with nonmetastatic PCa observed from 1990 to 2008. Proportional hazards models were used to evaluate physical activity and time to overall and PCa-specific death. Results Among men who lived at least 4 years after their postdiagnosis physical activity assessment, we documented 548 deaths, 20% of which were a result of PCa. In multivariable analysis, men who were physically active had lower risk of all-cause mortality (Ptrend < .001) and PCa mortality (Ptrend = .04). Both nonvigorous activity and vigorous activity were associated with significantly lower overall mortality. Those who walked ? 90 minutes per week at a normal to very brisk pace had a 46% lower risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 0.54; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.71) compared with shorter durations at an easy walking pace. Men with ? 3 hours per week of vigorous activity had a 49% lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.72). For PCa-specific mortality, brisk walking at longer durations was suggestively inverse but not statistically significant. Men with ? 3 hours per week of vigorous activity had a 61% lower risk of PCa death (HR, 0.39, 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.84; P = .03) compared with men with less than 1 hour per week of vigorous activity. Men exercising vigorously before and after diagnosis had the lowest risk. Conclusion In men with PCa, physical activity was associated with lower overall mortality and PCa mortality. A modest amount of vigorous activity such as biking, tennis, jogging, or swimming for ? 3 hours a week may substantially improve PCa-specific survival.

Kenfield, Stacey A.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Giovannucci, Edward; Chan, June M.

2011-01-01

271

Survival, Functional Limitations, and Self-rated Health in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, 1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relative hazards for mortality and functional limitations according to poor self-ratings of health using prospective data from the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, a representative sample of US adults aged 25-74 years that has been followed since the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) was conducted in 1971-1975. Follow-up data were taken from death

Ellen L. Idler; Louise B. Russell; Diane Davis

272

Exeresis and Brachytherapy as Salvage Treatment for Local Recurrence After Conservative Treatment for Breast Cancer: Results of a Ten-Year Pilot Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the long-term results of a pilot study assessing excision and brachytherapy as salvage treatment for local recurrence after conservative treatment of breast cancer. Methods and Materials: Between December 1990 and March 2001, 36 patients with breast-only recurrence less than 3 cm in diameter after conservative treatment for Stage I or II breast carcinoma were treated with local excision followed by high-dose rate brachytherapy implants (30 Gy in 12 fractions over a period of 5 days). No patient was lost to follow-up. Special attention was paid to local, regional, or distant recurrences; survival; cosmesis; and early and late side effects. Results: All patients completed treatment. During follow-up (range, 1-13 years), 8 patients presented metastases (2 regional and 6 distant) as their first site of failure, 1 had a differed local recurrence, and 1 died of the disease. Actuarial results at 10 years were as follows: local control, 89.4%; disease-free survival, 64.4%; and survival, 96.7%. Cosmetic results were satisfactory in 90.4%. No patient had Grade 3 or 4 early or late complications. Of the 11 patients followed up for at least 10 years, all but 1 still had their breast in place at the 10-year stage. Conclusions: High-dose rate brachytherapy is a safe, effective treatment for small-size, low-risk local recurrence after local excision in conservatively treated patients. The dose of 30 Gy of high-dose rate brachytherapy (12 fractions over a period of 5 days twice daily) was well tolerated. The excellent results support the use of breast preservation as salvage treatment in selected patients with local recurrence after conservative treatment for breast cancer.

Guix, Benjamin, E-mail: bguix@imor.or [IMOR Foundation, Medical Institute for Radiotherapy and Oncology, Barcelona (Spain) and Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); Lejarcegui, Jose Antonio; Tello, Jose Ignacio; Zanon, Gabriel; Henriquez, Ivan; Finestres, Fernando; Martinez, Antonio; Fernandez-Ibiza, Jaume; Quinzanos, Luis; Palombo, Pau; Encinas, Xavier; Guix, Ines [IMOR Foundation, Medical Institute for Radiotherapy and Oncology, Barcelona, Spain, and Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain)

2010-11-01

273

Prospective follow-up study lasting 2 years in patients with panic disorder with and without depressive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 52 patients presenting at an outpatient unit for anxiety disorders were included consecutively in a prospective 2-year follow-up study. Patients were administered to a structured interview for DSM-III-R diagnoses, a follow-up interview (LIFE), and various other ratings. Sociodemographic and illness-history characteristics, levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms, as well as psychosocial impairment, were evaluated at baseline and

Gabriele Scheibe; Margot Albus

1994-01-01

274

Relationship between hospital infection and long-term mortality in general surgery: a prospective follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A prospective study of 1431 patients admitted to a general surgery department were followed up for a median of 6.2 years after discharge (7679 person-years of follow-up). We collected information on underlying conditions, including severity of illness, and healthcare-related variables. Relative rates of death and their 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using person-years as the denominator. Multiple-risk factors adjusted

A Cosano; M. Á Mart??nez-González; M Medina-Cuadros; G Mart??nez-Gallego; S Palma; M Delgado-Rodr??guez

2002-01-01

275

A Pilot Study of a Family-Based Treatment for Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa: 18- and 36Month Follow-ups  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study evaluated the outcome of family-based treatment for female adolescents with anorexia nervosa (N?=?32), at the Anorexia-Bulimia Outpatient Unit in Göteborg, Sweden. Patients\\/parents were assessed pre-treatment, at 18- and 36-month follow-ups concerning eating disorder symptoms, general psychopathology, family climate and BMI. At the 36-month follow-up, 75% of the patients were in full remission with reduction in eating disorder

Gunilla Paulson-Karlsson; Ingemar Engström; Lauri Nevonen

2008-01-01

276

Follow-up care amongst long-term childhood cancer survivors: A report from the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, we aimed to assess the proportion of long-term survivors attending follow-up care, to characterise attendees and to describe the health professionals involved. We sent a questionnaire to 1252 patients, of whom 985 (79%) responded, aged in average 27years (range 20–49). Overall, 183 (19%) reported regular, 405 (41%) irregular and 394 (40%) no follow-up.

Cornelia E. Rebholz; Nicolas X. von der Weid; Gisela Michel; Felix K. Niggli; Claudia E. Kuehni

2011-01-01

277

Achieving a 96.6 percent follow-up rate in a longitudinal study of drug abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal studies can be hampered by poor follow-up rates, seriously reducing generalizability of the findings. Understanding the barriers, as well as approaches to overcome and adapt to these impediments, resulted in a 96.6% 18 month follow-up rate of 479 drug abusers enrolled in an NIDA funded demonstration project aimed at reducing HIV transmission among St. Louis' most vulnerable drug-using population.

Linda B. Cottler; Wilson M. Compton; Arbi Ben-Abdallah; Malaika Horne; Daniel Claverie

1996-01-01

278

Follow-up care by patient's own general practitioner after contact with out-of-hours care. A descriptive study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the care process after patients have contacted a GP cooperative for out-of-hours care. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of patients who seek follow-up care after contact with a GP cooperative for out-of-hours care, and to gain insight into factors that are related to this follow-up care. METHODS: A total of

Caro JT van Uden; Paul J Zwietering; Sjoerd O Hobma; Andre JHA Ament; Geertjan Wesseling; Harry FJM Crebolder

2005-01-01

279

One-year follow-up study to a worksite weight control program.  

PubMed

Follow-up weights were obtained from 149 participants from two worksite weight control programs 1 year after the end of treatment. These participants regained, on average, 75% of the weight they had lost during treatment. Only 21% of this population maintained their post-treatment weight or continued to lose. We conclude that worksites do not appear to offer special advantages over clinic settings in aiding weight-loss maintenance. PMID:3362799

Forster, J L; Jeffery, R W; Snell, M K

1988-01-01

280

Physicians taught as residents to conduct smoking cessation intervention: a follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The influence of residency training on use of smoking cessation intervention (SCI) in future practice is unexamined.Methods. We surveyed 291 physicians who participated in SCI research during residency between 1986 and 1996. Half received SCI training; half did not. Best practice included: (1) identifying smokers; (2) advising cessation; (3) assisting with a plan; (4) arranging follow-up.Results. Forty-two percent of

Katherine E Hartmann; Amy Espy; Melissa McPheeters; Linda S Kinsinger

2004-01-01

281

A follow-up study of cognitive bias in generalized anxiety disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) without concurrent depression (n = 11) and normal controls (n = 17) were tested twice, about 2 months apart, on a modified Stroop colour-naming task, which presented anxiety-related, depression-related and neutral words in masked and unmasked exposure conditions. GAD patients received cognitive behaviour therapy in the test-retest interval, and were also retested at follow-up,

Karin Mogg; Brendan P. Bradley; Neil Millar; Jim White

1995-01-01

282

A follow-up study of 201 children with autism in Kyushu and Yamaguchi areas, Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

A follow-up survey was conducted on 201 young adults with autism who were 18 or older (mean age, 21.5). All had participated previously in intensive therapeutic camping or had therapeutic involvement at medical consultation agencies to evaluate their outcome. Their social outcome was better than that previously reported in Japan. Although 31.5% had shown marked deterioration during adolescence, 43.2% had

Ryuji Kobayashi; Toyohisa Murata; Kazuhiko Yoshinaga

1992-01-01

283

Psychosocial sequelae of motor vehicle collisions: A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

One-hundred-and-forty-nine motor vehicle collision trauma victims were interviewed one year after discharge from a Regional Trauma Unit. Follow-up data indicated major post trauma problems such depression, anxiety, family stress, financial problems and driving fears. Almost 40% reported drinking driving after the crash with a greater proportion of alcohol (blood alcohol content) positive drivers engaging in drinking driving than blood alcohol

Evelyn Vingilis; Edward Larkin; Gina Stoduto; Adele Parkinson-Heyes; Barry McLellan

1996-01-01

284

Childhood predictors of smoking in adolescence: a follow-up study of Montreal schoolchildren  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The factors that cause children to become smokers in adolescence remain unclear. Although parental smoking and peer pressure may play a role, physiological factors such as lung volume have also been identified. Methods: To investigate these and other possible childhood pre- dictors of teenage smoking, we gathered follow-up data on 191 Montréal schoolchildren, aged 5-12 years (average 9.2 yr)

Margaret R. Becklake; Heberto Ghezzo; Pierre Ernst

2005-01-01

285

The Maudsley early onset schizophrenia study. Predictors of psychosocial outcome at 4-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine the contribution of premorbid function, duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), age of onset, severity of symptoms at presentation, and number of subsequent hospitalisations to the outcome of early onset schizophrenia (EOS; onset before 17th birthday). Method Twenty-three EOS patients (mean age at onset 15.16 ± 1.39 years) were re-assessed after a mean interval of 4 ± 1.08 years. At baseline and follow-up clinical

Nora S. Vyas; Michael Hadjulis; Sophia Frangou

2007-01-01

286

Allergy risk in an enzyme producing plant: a retrospective follow up study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of enzyme sensitisation and clinical allergy in workers exposed to enzymes at Novo Nordisk A/S. METHODS: The study was a retrospective follow up study based on medical history and test data originally collected at routine screenings for enzyme allergy by the Occupational Health Service (OHS) of Novo Nordisk A/S during the period 1970-92. Workers were exposed to proteases, lipases, cellulases, and carboxyhydrases. Medical records of 3815 subjects were registered in the OHS database. According to criteria including possible enzyme exposure, allergy tests at the time of engagement, and participation in the allergy screening programme 1064 were selected for the present study. Outcomes were allergy symptoms, specific IgE test (radioallergosorbent test (RAST)) to enzymes, skin test reactions to common allergens and enzymes, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and forced vital capacity (FVC). Potential risk factors were smoking habits, workplace, type of job, age, and sex. RESULTS: Sensitisation occurred to all types of enzymes handled in the plant, most often in production areas and laboratories; 8.8% developed clinical enzyme allergy during the first three years of employment. The risk declined during the period. The frequency of enzyme sensitisation, expressed as RAST values > 0.5 SU, was 36%, and the frequency of significant RAST values > or = 2 SU was 8%. Ranking diagnoses of enzyme allergy by severity, the frequency of asthma was 5.3%, rhinitis 3.0%, and urticaria 0.6%. Half of the cases occurred within the first 15 months of exposure. Smoking was an independent risk factor for clinical enzyme allergy (odds ratio (OR) = 2.3 (95% exact confidence interval (95% CI) 1.4 to 3.9), measurable RAST > or = 0.5 SU (OR = 1.5 (95% CI 1.1 to 2.1)), and RAST > or = 2 SU (OR = 4.5 (95% CI 2.2 to 8.4)). Atopic predisposition at the time of engagement was not a significant risk factor for enzyme allergy. This could be due to various selection mechanisms.

Johnsen, C R; Sorensen, T B; Ingemann Larsen, A; Bertelsen Secher, A; Andreasen, E; Kofoed, G S; Fredslund Nielsen, L; Gyntelberg, F

1997-01-01

287

Distal tibiofibular synostosis after ankle fracture. A 14-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Over an eight-year period up to 1983, a total of 322 consecutive patients had operations for ankle fractures; 176 were Weber type B and 128 type C. We were able to review 230 of these patients after a mean follow-up of six years (1 to 11) including 128 with Weber B and 102 with Weber C fractures. We used an ankle score which combined symptoms and clinical and radiological findings, with a maximum score of 100 points. The mean score for all 230 was 92 (68 to 100). Fifteen of these patients had developed a distal synostosis between the tibia and fibula, three after a Weber B and 12 after a Weber C fracture. In 13 of these 15 ankles the synostosis had been visible radiologically within three months of the operation. In the other two there had been radiologically visible calcification at the three-month follow-up. In 1993, we were able to review nine of the 15 patients with synostosis using the same scoring system. At a mean follow-up of 14 years (12 to 18) the mean score for those with synostosis was 91 (71 to 100), much the same as this group's previous score and the mean score of the whole group of operated patients. We conclude that distal tibiofibular synostosis after ankle fracture usually causes few symptoms and does not generally require any treatment. PMID:8666636

Albers, G H; de Kort, A F; Middendorf, P R; van Dijk, C N

1996-03-01

288

Retained intracranial splinters : a follow up study in survivors of low intensity military conflicts.  

PubMed

With improvements in the ballistic physics, patient evacuation, imaging, neurosurgical management and intensive care facilities, there has been overall improvement in the survival of patients with missile injuries of the brain. Patients with retained intracranial fragments have been followed up and the sequelae of such fragments were analysed. We present our observations in 43 such patients who had survived low velocity missile injuries of the brain during military conflicts and had retained intracranial fragments. Over a follow up period of 2 to 7 years, suppurative sequelae (brain abscess, recurrent meningitis) were seen in 6 patients, two of these progressing to formation of brain abscess. Three patients developed hydrocephalus and one seizures. Patients with orbitocranial or faciocranial wound of entry had a higher incidence of suppurative complications (3 out of 4), while those with skull vault entry had a lower incidence of such sequelae (7 out of 30). Nine patients were lost to follow up. Other determinants of suppurative complications were postoperative CSF leak and intraventricular lodgement of the fragment. PMID:11303238

Bhatoe, H S

2001-03-01

289

Post-Stroke Epilepsy in Young Adults: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about the incidence and risk of seizures after stroke in young adults. Especially in the young seizures might dramatically influence prognosis and quality of life. We therefore investigated the long-term incidence and risk of post-stroke epilepsy in young adults with a transient ischemic attack (TIA), ischemic stroke (IS) or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods and Findings We performed a prospective cohort study among 697 consecutive patients with a first-ever TIA, IS or ICH, aged 18–50 years, admitted to our hospital between 1-1-1980 till 1-11-2010. The occurrence of epilepsy was assessed by standardized questionnaires and verified by a neurologist. Cumulative risks were estimated with Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate relative risks. After mean follow-up of 9.1 years (SD 8.2), 79 (11.3%) patients developed post-stroke epilepsy and 39 patients (5.6%) developed epilepsy with recurrent seizures. Patients with an initial late seizure more often developed recurrent seizures than patients with an initial early seizure. Cumulative risk of epilepsy was 31%, 16% and 5% for patients with an ICH, IS and TIA respectively (Logrank test ICH and IS versus TIA p<0.001). Cumulative risk of epilepsy with recurrent seizures was 23%, 8% and 4% respectively (Logrank ICH versus IS p?=?0.05, ICH versus TIA p<0.001, IS versus TIA p?=?0.01). In addition a high NIHSS was a significant predictor of both epilepsy and epilepsy with recurrent seizures (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.03–1.11 and 1.08, 95% CI 1.02–1.14). Conclusions Post-stroke epilepsy is much more common than previously thought. Especially patients with an ICH and a high NIHSS are at high risk. This calls upon the question whether a subgroup could be identified which benefits from the use of prophylactic antiepileptic medication. Future studies should be executed to investigate risk factors and the effect of post-stroke epilepsy on quality of life.

Arntz, Renate; Rutten-Jacobs, Loes; Maaijwee, Noortje; Schoonderwaldt, Hennie; Dorresteijn, Lucille; van Dijk, Ewoud; de Leeuw, Frank-Erik

2013-01-01

290

Inconvenience due to travelers' diarrhea: a prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Limited data exist documenting the degree to which travelers are inconvenienced by travelers' diarrhea (TD). We performed a prospective follow-up study at the travel clinic of Leiden University Medical Center in The Netherlands to determine the degree of inconvenience and to determine how experiencing TD affects travelers' perception. Methods Healthy adults who intended to travel to the (sub)tropics for less than two months were invited to take part. Participants filled out a web-based questionnaire before departure and after returning home. TD was defined as three or more unformed stools during a 24-hour period. Results 390 of 776 Eligible travelers completed both questionnaires. Participants' median age was 31 years and mean travel duration 23 days. Of 160 travelers who contracted TD (incidence proportion 41%, median duration of TD episode 2.5 days) the majority (107/160, 67%) could conduct their activity program as planned despite having diarrhea. However, 21% (33/160) were forced to alter their program and an additional 13% (20/160) were confined to their accommodation for one or more daylight days; 53 travelers (33%) used loperamide and 14 (9%) an antibiotic. Eight travelers (5%) consulted a physician for the diarrheal illness. When asked about the degree of inconvenience brought on by the diarrheal illness, 39% categorized it as minor or none at all, 34% as moderate and 27% as large or severe. In those who regarded the episode of TD a major inconvenience, severity of symptoms was greater and use of treatment and necessity to alter the activity program were more common. Travelers who contracted travelers' diarrhea considered it less of a problem in retrospect than they had thought it would be before departure. Conclusion Conventional definitions of TD encompass many mild cases of TD (in our study at least a third of all cases) for which treatment is unlikely to provide a significant health benefit. By measuring the degree of inconvenience brought on by TD, researchers and policy makers may be able to better distinguish 'significant TD' from mild TD, thus allowing for a more precise estimation of the size of the target population for vaccination or stand-by antibiotic prescription and of the benefit of such measures.

2011-01-01

291

Follow-up study of chrysotile textile workers: cohort mortality and exposure-response  

PubMed Central

Objectives This report provides an update of the mortality experience of a cohort of South Carolina asbestos textile workers. Methods A cohort of 3072 workers exposed to chrysotile in a South Carolina asbestos textile plant (1916–77) was followed up for mortality through 2001. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were computed using US and South Carolina mortality rates. A job exposure matrix provided calendar time dependent estimates of chrysotile exposure concentrations. Poisson regression models were fitted for lung cancer and asbestosis. Covariates considered included sex, race, age, calendar time, birth cohort and time since first exposure. Cumulative exposure lags of 5 and 10 years were considered by disregarding exposure in the most recent 5 and 10 years, respectively. Results A majority of the cohort was deceased (64%) and 702 of the 1961 deaths occurred since the previous update. Mortality was elevated based on US referent rates for a priori causes of interest including all causes combined (SMR 1.33, 95% CI 1.28 to 1.39); all cancers (SMR 1.27, 95% CI 1.16 to 1.39); oesophageal cancer (SMR 1.87, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.99); lung cancer (SMR 1.95, 95% CI 1.68 to 2.24); ischaemic heart disease (SMR 1.20, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.32); and pneumoconiosis and other respiratory diseases (SMR 4.81, 95% CI 3.84 to 5.94). Mortality remained elevated for these causes when South Carolina referent rates were used. Three cases of mesothelioma were observed among cohort members. Exposure?response modelling for lung cancer, using a linear relative risk model, produced a slope coefficient of 0.0198 (fibre?years/ml) (standard error 0.00496), when cumulative exposure was lagged 10 years. Poisson regression modelling confirmed significant positive relations between estimated chrysotile exposure and lung cancer and asbestosis mortality observed in previous updates of this cohort. Conclusions This study confirms the findings from previous investigations of excess mortality from lung cancer and asbestosis and a strong exposure?response relation between estimated exposure to chrysotile and mortality from lung cancer and asbestosis.

Hein, Misty J; Stayner, Leslie T; Lehman, Everett; Dement, John M

2007-01-01

292

Coffee Consumption and Prostate Cancer Risk and Progression in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Background Coffee contains many biologically active compounds, including caffeine and phenolic acids, that have potent antioxidant activity and can affect glucose metabolism and sex hormone levels. Because of these biological activities, coffee may be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Methods We conducted a prospective analysis of 47 911 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who reported intake of regular and decaffeinated coffee in 1986 and every 4 years thereafter. From 1986 to 2006, 5035 patients with prostate cancer were identified, including 642 patients with lethal prostate cancers, defined as fatal or metastatic. We used Cox proportional hazards models to assess the association between coffee and prostate cancer, adjusting for potential confounding by smoking, obesity, and other variables. All P values were from two-sided tests. Results The average intake of coffee in 1986 was 1.9 cups per day. Men who consumed six or more cups per day had a lower adjusted relative risk for overall prostate cancer compared with nondrinkers (RR = 0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.68 to 0.98, Ptrend = .10). The association was stronger for lethal prostate cancer (consumers of more than six cups of coffee per day: RR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.22 to 0.75, Ptrend = .03). Coffee consumption was not associated with the risk of nonadvanced or low-grade cancers and was only weakly inversely associated with high-grade cancer. The inverse association with lethal cancer was similar for regular and decaffeinated coffee (each one cup per day increment: RR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.88 to 1.01, P = .08 for regular coffee and RR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.83 to 1.00, P = .05 for decaffeinated coffee). The age-adjusted incidence rates for men who had the highest (?6 cups per day) and lowest (no coffee) coffee consumption were 425 and 519 total prostate cancers, respectively, per 100 000 person-years and 34 and 79 lethal prostate cancers, respectively, per 100 000 person-years. Conclusions We observed a strong inverse association between coffee consumption and risk of lethal prostate cancer. The association appears to be related to non-caffeine components of coffee.

Kasperzyk, Julie L.; Rider, Jennifer R.; Kenfield, Stacey; van Dam, Rob M.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Giovannucci, Edward; Mucci, Lorelei A.

2011-01-01

293

[Results of various operations for syndactylia (follow-up studies and statistical evaluation of 101 primary operations)].  

PubMed

101 cases of syndactyly in 34 male and 14 female infants who were aged three months to seven years at the time of their initial surgery were reviewed one to 9.5 years thereafter. The web space was formed by a palmar and a dorsal flap; in 50% of all commissures the result was found satisfactory in the follow-up series. Straight incision - performed in two thirds of our cases - caused scar contractures and deformities of several fingers. In contrary, zig-zag or wavy incisions showed good results. Using almost exclusively full thickness skin grafts from the arm, the donor site looked poor because of non-cosmetic scares and keloids. After surgery two thirds of all patients used a special splint for finger abduction for an average of about one year; neither an amelioration of insufficient primary surgery was achieved nor reappearance of syndactylism could be avoided by this device. The mobility of joints was partially decreased regardless of the pre-operative condition. Combined functions in grasping, however, were not restricted to a considerable degree. There was no difference between cutaneous and osseous syndactylism with respect to the abduction ability. Even slight impairment of wound healing caused reappearance of syndactylism; reseparation of fingers was necessary 32 times during a ten year period of follow-up. Scar contractures - especially after necrosis of skin grafts and deep infections - required early correction, while slowly developing secondary webs had to be separated some years later. Disturbance of wound healing must, therefore, be treated adequately, or better should be avoided by precise surgery and careful management of postoperative dressing. PMID:211072

Neff, G; Plaue, R; Aulbach, D

1978-01-01

294

Yersinia enterocolitica arthritis in southern Sweden: a four-year follow-up study.  

PubMed Central

Thirty-eight cases of suspected yersinia arthritis occurring in southern Sweden in 1975-6 were reviewed four to five years later. In 31 cases the diagnosis was confirmed. At follow-up three of the patients had definite ankylosing spondylitis, three radiologically confirmed sacroiliitis, three extensor tenosynovitis, five isolated articular joint disease, and 10 localised arthralgias; one patient had developed seropositive rheumatoid arthritis. Only six of the 31 patients were free of joint symptoms. These results suggest that although the acute symptoms of yersinia arthritis disappear within 12 months, the long-term prognosis may be less favourable than previously thought.

Marsal, L; Winblad, S; Wollheim, F A

1981-01-01

295

Bone Marrow Micrometastases in Breast Cancer Patients: A Long-Term Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

In 125 early breast cancer patients who underwent multiple bone marrow aspirates, there was no significant difference in terms of disease-free and overall survival after a median follow-up of 163 months between the patients with or without micrometastasis at the time of primary surgery. However, when the time-dependent evolution of the bone marrow aspirates was taken into account, some evidence for a longer disease-free and overall survival was found for the patients with negative bone marrow

Molino, Annamaria; Giovannini, Monica; Micciolo, Rocco; Auriemma, Alessandra; Fiorio, Elena; Santo, Antonio; Cetto, Gian Luigi

2008-01-01

296

Oligometastases Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy: Long-Term Follow-Up of Prospective Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To analyze the long-term survival and tumor control outcomes after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for metastases limited in number and extent. Methods and Materials: We prospectively analyzed the long-term overall survival (OS) and cancer control outcomes of 121 patients with five or fewer clinically detectable metastases, from any primary site, metastatic to one to three organ sites, and treated with SBRT. Freedom from widespread distant metastasis (FFDM) was defined as metastatic disease not amenable to local therapy (i.e., resection or SBRT). Prognostic variables were assessed using log-rank and Cox regression analyses. Results: For breast cancer patients, the median follow-up was 4.5 years (7.1 years for 16 of 39 patients alive at the last follow-up visit). The 2-year OS, FFDM, and local control (LC) rate was 74%, 52%, and 87%, respectively. The 6-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 47%, 36%, and 87%, respectively. From the multivariate analyses, the variables of bone metastases (p = .057) and one vs. more than one metastasis (p = .055) were associated with a fourfold and threefold reduced hazard of death, respectively. None of the 17 bone lesions from breast cancer recurred after SBRT vs. 10 of 68 lesions from other organs that recurred (p = .095). For patients with nonbreast cancers, the median follow-up was 1.7 years (7.3 years for 7 of 82 patients alive at the last follow-up visit). The 2-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 39%, 28%, and 74%, respectively. The 6-year OS, FFDM, and LC rate was 9%, 13%, and 65%, respectively. For nonbreast cancers, a greater SBRT target volume was significantly adverse for OS (p = .012) and lesion LC (p < .0001). Patients whose metastatic lesions, before SBRT, demonstrated radiographic progression after systemic therapy experienced significantly worse OS compared with patients with stable or regressing disease. Conclusions: Select patients with limited metastases treated with SBRT are long-term survivors. Future research should address the therapeutic benefit of SBRT for these patients.

Milano, Michael T., E-mail: MTMilano@yahoo.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Katz, Alan W.; Zhang Hong [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Okunieff, Paul [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2012-07-01

297

A follow-up study on familial polyposis coli in black patients.  

PubMed

We have updated our experience concerning eight families (24 patients) with FPC, 11 of whom had FPC with carcinoma and 13, FPC only. The importance of biopsy to prove the presence of an adenoma (tubular, villous or tubulovillous) was emphasized. Although we prefer total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis as definitive treatment, total proctocolectomy also has been recommended. The value of careful follow-up examination to detect carcinoma in the retained rectal segment and the periampullary region has been stressed. No racial differences were noted. PMID:6635909

Leffall, L D; Chung, E B; Nagel, S; Levette, A; Cornwell, E E; DeWitty, R L

1983-11-01

298

Long-term follow-up study of gastroduodenal lesions after radioembolization of hepatic tumors  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the long-term natural history of the gastroduodenal lesions secondary to extrahepatic embolization with Ytrium 90 (90Y) spheres. METHODS: From September 2003 to January 2012, 379 procedures of liver radioembolization (RE) using resin microspheres loaded with 90Y were performed in our center. We have retrospectively compiled the data from 379 RE procedures performed in our center. We report a comprehensive clinical, analytical, endoscopic and histologic long-term follow-up of a series of patients who developed gastroduodenal lesions after the treatment. RESULTS: Six patients (1.5%) developed gastrointestinal symptoms and had gastrointestinal lesions as shown by upper endoscopy in the next 12 wk after RE. The mean time between RE and the appearance of symptoms was 5 wk. Only one patient required endoscopic and surgical treatment. The incidence of gastrointestinal ulcerations was 3.75% (3/80) when only planar images were used for the pre-treatment evaluation. It was reduced to 1% (3/299) when single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images were also performed. The symptoms that lasted for a longer time were nausea and vomiting, until 25 mo after the treatment. CONCLUSION: All patients were free from severe symptoms at the end of follow-up. The routine use of SPECT has decreased the incidence of gastrointestinal lesions due to unintended deployment of 90Y particles.

Rodriguez-Lago, Iago; Carretero, Cristina; Herraiz, Maite; Subtil, Jose C; Betes, Maite; Rodriguez-Fraile, Macarena; Sola, Jesus J; Bilbao, Jose I; Munoz-Navas, Miguel; Sangro, Bruno

2013-01-01

299

Cariogram validity in schoolchildren: a two-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The validity of Cariogram in relation to caries increment over a 2-year period was evaluated. In 2007, the caries risk profile in a group of Sardinian schoolchildren (957) aged 7-9 years was assessed using the Cariogram software. A re-examination using the same criteria was performed 2 years later on 861 individuals from the original sample (drop-out 10.0%). The possible correlated variables were analyzed using the principal component analysis (PCA). The performances of Cariogram in predicting caries increment were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. At follow-up examination, 54.4% of the sample had developed new carious lesions (mean DFS 1.6, 95% CI 1.5-1.8). The mean caries increment (?DFS) was 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.5. PCA showed that Cariogram, gingival status and dietary sugar frequency, both at baseline and at follow-up, tend to form a separate cluster (goodness of fit ?0.75). Sensitivity and specificity measured by ROC analysis were 0.83 and 0.85, respectively, so the gain in certainty was 1.68, while the area under the ROC curve was 0.93. A strong correlation between caries risk profiles at baseline and caries incidence in the permanent teeth after 2 years was found. The validity of Cariogram was confirmed, the software fulfilling the criteria for a good risk assessment model: precision, accuracy and ease of use. PMID:22222621

Campus, G; Cagetti, M G; Sale, S; Carta, G; Lingström, P

2012-01-04

300

Hepatic disease in the Spanish toxic oil syndrome. A thirty months follow-up study.  

PubMed

Clinical and biological evidence of liver disease was found in 99 out of 242 (40%) patients hospitalized with acute manifestations of the Spanish toxic oil syndrome. No patient was alcoholic. According to the severity of liver involvement, patients were classified in 3 groups and followed up for at least 30 months. Group I included 65 patients with a transient increase of serum aminotransferase activity as the only evidence of liver disease. This abnormality disappeared within 2 months in all these patients. Group II included 18 patients with raised aminotransferases and alkaline phosphatase. At the end of follow-up, liver tests remained slightly abnormal in 4 patients of this group (22%) and a liver biopsy revealed minor changes in 3 of them. Group III included 16 patients with raised aminotransferases, alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin. Thirty months after the acute episode, liver function tests remained abnormal in 8 patients (50%); a liver biopsy, performed in 5 cases, showed changes suggesting chronic biliary disease in 2, and fibrosteatosis, chronic hepatitis and minimal changes in each of the remaining 3. Pulmonary, cutaneous, vascular, neuromuscular and other extra-hepatic disturbances were noted in a large number of patients but no relationship was observed between the degree of hepatic disfunction and the presence and severity of systemic manifestations of the toxic oil syndrome. PMID:3745885

Velicia, R; Sanz, C; Martinez-Barredo, F; Sánchez-Tapias, J M; Bruguera, M; Rodés, J

1986-01-01

301

Follow-Up Study of the Use of Refrigerated Homogenous Bone Transplants in Orthopaedic Operations  

PubMed Central

Philip Duncan Wilson was born in Columbus, Ohio. His father was a family physician who held the Chair of Obstetrics in the Sterling Medical School [1]. The young Philip graduated from Harvard College in 1909 and then served as President of his graduating class at Harvard Medical School. He spent two years as a surgical intern at MGH, after which he returned to Columbus to practice. During WWI he was invited back to Boston to join the Harvard Unit under Harvey Cushing, and served with that unit when it was housed in the Lycée Pasteur. (The members of that unit included Marius Smith-Petersen, who also spent many years at the Massachusetts General Hospital and also became AAOS President.) He rejoined MGH on the staff in 1919. In 1925 he published an influential monograph with W.A. Cochrane (formerly of the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary), entitled, “Fractures and Dislocations” [5]. Toward the end of his years in Boston he helped found the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In 1934 he was appointed as Surgeon-in-Chief at the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled in New York City. Dr. Wilson was active in many organizations, and reorganized and renamed the hospital he served (Hospital for Special Surgery), oversaw the building of a new hospital at its current site on the Cornell University medical campus, and raised money for a large research building. His zest inspired generations, and he was known for his gracious hospitality. Dr. Wilson was one of three of the first fifteen Presidents (the others being Drs. John C. Wilson, Sr. and Melvin Henderson) whose son (Dr. Philip D. Wilson, Jr.) succeeded him as a President of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Dr. Wilson had a long interest in bone grafting and wrote numerous research papers, a few of which are referenced here [2–4]. In the article reprinted in this issue [3], he described the rapid increase in use of a bone bank he developed at the Hospital for Special Surgery in 1946: 19 operations using grafts in 1946, 48 in 1947, 106 in 1948, 134 in 1949, and 259 in 1950. He describes his animal experiments with autogenous grafts in which grafts rapidly incorporated. He further describes biopsies of previously implanted autogenous and homogenous bone transplants in patients undergoing serial fusions for scoliosis. The pathologist (Dr. Milton Helpern) commented they found “...no evidence that the cells in the bone transplants survived...” Autogenous grafts, his evidence suggested, incorporated more rapidly that homogenous grafts, but “...in the end the results are the same.” His followup studies suggested successful incorporation of graft in 210 of 248 cases. Philip Duncan Wilson, MD is shown. Photograph is reproduced with permission and ©American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Fifty Years of Progress, 1983. References Philip Duncan Wilson, MD 1886–1969. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1969;51:1445–1447. Wilson PD. Experiences with a bone bank. Ann Surg. 1947;126:932–945. Wilson PD. Experience with the use of refrigerated homogenous bone. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1951;33:301–315. Wilson PD. Follow-up study of the use of refrigerated homogenous bone grafts in orthopaedic operations. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1951;33:307–323. Wilson PD, Cochrane WA. Fractures and Dislocations. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1925.

2008-01-01

302

A ten-year study of meroplankton in North Carolina estuaries: Assessment of environmental factors and sampling success among bothid flounders and penaeid shrimps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biweekly nighttime samples of macroplankton were collected for a ten-year period (1957–66) from North Carolina estuaries.\\u000a Establishment of stations, methods of sampling, and hydrographic climates are discussed.\\u000a \\u000a Assessment of effects of environmental factors (salinity, temperature, current velocity, wind direction, mechanical clogging\\u000a of nets, and lunar phase) on sampling success for postlarvae of shrimps (Penaeus) and flounders (Paralichthys) indicates that current

Austin B. Williams; Earl E. Deubler

1968-01-01

303

Maintaining Superior Follow-Up Rates in a Longitudinal Study: Experiences from the College Life Study.  

PubMed

Longitudinal studies are often considered to be a gold standard for research, but the operational management of such studies is not often discussed in detail; this paper describes strategies used to track and maintain high levels of participation in a longitudinal study involving annual personal interviews with a cohort of 1,253 undergraduates (first-time, first-year students at time of enrollment) at a large public mid-Atlantic university. PMID:22247739

Vincent, Kathryn B; Kasperski, Sarah J; Caldeira, Kimberly M; Garnier-Dykstra, Laura M; Pinchevsky, Gillian M; O'Grady, Kevin E; Arria, Amelia M

2012-01-01

304

Follow-up studies by large intestinal biopsies and necropsy in dogs with clinical signs of large bowel disease.  

PubMed Central

The results of follow-up studies in 77 dogs with clinical signs of large bowel disease are presented. In 32 dogs colonic and/or rectal biopsy follow-up studies were done, combined with necropsy in seven dogs. In 45 dogs a follow-up necropsy only was done. The time between the first and the last series of biopsies varied from three to 729 days and between the first series of biopsies and necropsy from one to 980 days. Colitis found in 45 dogs in the initial biopsies was still present in 29 cases in the follow-up biopsy studies and/or at necropsy. Eleven cases showed hystiocytic ulcerative colitis. In general, adenoma, carcinoma and lymphosarcoma were confirmed in the follow-up examination, except for one adenoma, which appeared to be a carcinoma at necropsy. In cases in which the differential diagnosis was adenoma or carcinoma, the necropsy diagnosis was always carcinoma and in cases of a differential diagnosis of lymphosarcoma and/or colitis, lymphosarcoma was always diagnosed at necropsy. Several dogs without colonic changes in the initial biopsies had other gastric or small intestinal lesions at necropsy such as gastritis and enteritis of the small intestine, or tumors, in these areas.

van der Gaag, I; Happe, R P

1989-01-01

305

Parapartum mental illness: a long-term follow-Up study.  

PubMed

All mothers (n = 79) in the county of Stockholm who gave birth to a child during 1976-77 and were also hospitalised for the first time in a psychiatric clinic were followed up after a mean interval of 15 years. The sample was classified according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria. Comparisons were made with matched obstetric controls. Five patients had died. The recurrence rate was 51% and 7. 3% relapsed after a subsequent childbirth. No difference was found between psychotic and non-psychotic mothers regarding mean sick-leave days per year. The majority of the women with a depressive disorder at index admission suffered from a minor depressive disorder. The women in the group with an unspecified functional psychosis showed a less severe course of illness than the women in the schizophrenia group. PMID:9730784

Bâgedahl-Strindlund, M; Ruppert, S

1998-01-01

306

Electrical aversion therapy with alcoholics: a comparative follow-up study.  

PubMed

A group of alcoholics treated by partially reinforced electrical escape conditioning were found to have a significantly better outcome on follow-up than a selected control group, who showed a parallel level of motivation, and were treated by conventional methods. No sex differences in outcome were found for either group. In the experimental group, better prognosis was associated with higher social class and older age, and poorer prognosis with single marital status. There were no variations in outcome for age in the control group. In the age range 20-40 aversion therapy showed no better results than conventional therapies, but with subjects above this age range it was very significantly superior. The results are discussed with reference to the application of aversion therapy to alcoholism. PMID:843777

Glover, J H; McCue, P A

1977-03-01

307

Characteristics of DUI recidivists: a 12-year follow-up study of first time DUI offenders.  

PubMed

77 individuals convicted of a drinking and driving (DUI) offense were screened for recidivism approximately 12 years following their first offense. At the time of the initial DUI conviction, participants were administered the MAST and the MMPI-2. Participants' drinking history and driving history and arrest at the time of screening and at a 12-year follow-up were also reviewed. The results indicate that, among DUI recidivists, on average 6 years elapsed between their first and second DUI offenses. Driving history prior to the first DUI offense was predictive of later recidivism. The only significant finding from the MAST and MMPI results was that repeat offenders tended to have higher scores on the L and K validity scales of the MMPI. These results are discussed in the context of Jessor's Problem-Behavior Theory and as well their clinical implications for screening and treatment decisions involving first time DUI offenders. PMID:16876960

Cavaiola, Alan A; Strohmetz, David B; Abreo, Sandra D

2006-07-28

308

SLUDGE BATCH 4 FOLLOW-UP QUALIFICATION STUDIES TO EVALUATE HYDROGEN GENERATION  

SciTech Connect

Follow-up testing was conducted to better understand the excessive hydrogen generation seen in the initial Sludge Batch 4 (SB4) qualification Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank/Slurry Mix Evaporator (SRAT/SME) simulation in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Shielded Cells. This effort included both radioactive and simulant work. The initial SB4 qualification test produced 0.59 lbs/hr hydrogen in the SRAT, which was just below the DWPF SRAT limit of 0.65 lbs/hr, and the test produced over 0.5 lbs/hr hydrogen in the SME cycle on two separate occasions, which were over the DWPF SME limit of 0.223 lbs/hr.

Pareizs, J; David Koopman, D; Dan Lambert, D; Cj Bannochie, C

2007-08-23

309

Anemia after gastrectomy for early gastric cancer: Long-term follow-up observational study  

PubMed Central

AIM: To identify the incidence and etiology of anemia after gastrectomy in patients with long-term follow-up after gastrectomy for early gastric cancer. METHODS: The medical records of those patients with early gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 2006 and October 2007 were reviewed. Patients with anemia in the preoperative workup, cancer recurrence, undergoing systemic chemotherapy, with other medical conditions that can cause anemia, or treated during follow up with red cell transfusions or supplements for anemia were excluded. Anemia was defined by World Health Organization criteria (Hb < 12 g/dL in women and < 13 g/dL in men). Iron deficiency was defined as serum ferritin < 20 ?g/dL. Vitamin B12 deficiency was defined as serum vitamin B12 < 200 pg/mL. Iron deficiency anemia was defined as anemia with concomitant iron deficiency. Anemia from vitamin B12 deficiency was defined as megaloblastic anemia (mean cell volume > 100 fL) with vitamin B12 deficiency. The profile of anemia over 48 mo of follow-up was analyzed. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-one patients with gastrectomy for early gastric cancer were analyzed. The incidence of anemia was 24.5% at 3 mo after surgery and increased up to 37.1% at 48 mo after surgery. The incidence of iron deficiency anemia increased during the follow up and became the major cause of anemia at 48 mo after surgery. Anemia of chronic disease and megaloblastic anemia were uncommon. The incidence of anemia in female patients was significantly higher than in male patients at 12 (40.0% vs 22.0%, P = 0.033), 24 (45.0% vs 25.0%, P = 0.023), 36 (55.0% vs 28.0%, P = 0.004), and 48 mo (52.0% vs 31.0%, P = 0.022) after surgery. Patients with total gastrectomy showed significantly higher incidence of anemia than patients with subtotal gastrectomy at 48 mo after surgery (60.7% vs 31.3%, P = 0.008). The incidence of iron deficiency was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients at 6 (35.4% vs 13.3%, P = 0.002), 12 (45.8% vs 16.8%, P < 0.001), 18 (52.1% vs 22.3%, P < 0.001), 24 (60.4% vs 20.9%, P < 0.001), 36 (62.5% vs 29.2%, P < 0.001), and 48 mo (66.7% vs 34.7%, P = 0.001) after surgery. CONCLUSION: Anemia was frequent after gastrectomy for early gastric cancer, with iron deficiency being the major cause. Evaluation for anemia including iron status should be performed after gastrectomy and appropriate iron replacement should be considered.

Lim, Chul-Hyun; Kim, Sang Woo; Kim, Won Chul; Kim, Jin Soo; Cho, Yu Kyung; Park, Jae Myung; Lee, In Seok; Choi, Myung-Gyu; Song, Kyo-Young; Jeon, Hae Myung; Park, Cho-Hyun

2012-01-01

310

Follow up study of haematological effects in workers exposed to 2-methoxyethanol  

PubMed Central

Aims: To examine the association between 2-methoxyethanol (2-ME) exposure and haematological effects, as well as the recovery from these haematological effects with continuous reduction in exposure to 2-ME. Methods: Twenty nine exposed and 90 non-exposed workers were recruited. Haematological parameters, eight hour full shift personal exposure to 2-ME, and urinary 2-methoxyacetic acid (MAA) were repeatedly measured in three consecutive surveys within six months. Results: Results of haematological examination in the first exposure survey showed that haemoglobin, packed cell volume, and red blood cell count in the male exposed workers were significantly lower than those in the comparison workers. The frequency of anaemia in the exposed group (42%) was significantly higher than that in the comparison group (3%). The haematological effects were significantly associated with the urinary MAA of exposed workers. The haematological effects had returned to normal in the first follow up survey 2.5 months later, when a reduction in 2-ME exposure was noted. Haematological results of the second follow up examination six months later remained normal. The mean airborne exposure of 2-ME in the three surveys dropped from 35.7 to 2.65, then to 0.55 ppm. The mean urinary MAA of exposed workers in the three surveys was reduced from 57.7 to 24.6, then to 13.5 mg/g creatinine (n = 29). The reduction in exposure through both inhalation and potential dermal contact with 2-ME might account for the haematological recovery. Conclusion: 2-ME is a haematological toxin which leads to anaemia in exposed workers. However, the toxic haematological effects of 2-ME persist for only a short period of time after cessation or reduction of exposure.

Shih, T; Hsieh, A; Chen, Y; Liao, G; Chen, C; Chou, J; Liou, S

2003-01-01

311

Stability and relapse after orthodontic treatment of deep bite cases--a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this long-term follow-up study was twofold-firstly, to assess prevalence of relapse after treatment of deep bite malocclusion and secondly, to identify risk factors that predispose patients with deep bite malocclusion to relapse. Sixty-one former patients with overbite more than 50% incisor overlap before treatment were successfully recalled. Clinical data, morphometrical measurements on plaster casts before treatment, after treatment and at long-term follow-up, as well as cephalometric measurements before and after treatment were collected. The median follow-up period was 11.9 years. Patients were treated by various treatment modalities, and the majority of patients received at least a lower fixed retainer and an upper removable bite plate during retention. Relapse was defined as increase in incisor overlap from below 50% after treatment to equal or more than 50% incisor overlap at long-term follow-up. Ten per cent of the patients showed relapse to equal or larger than 50% incisor overlap, and their amount of overbite increase was low. Among all cases with deep bite at follow-up, gingival contact and palatal impingement were more prevalent in partially corrected noncompliant cases than in relapse cases. In this sample, prevalence and amount of relapse were too low to identify risk factors of relapse. PMID:23197574

Danz, J C; Greuter, C; Sifakakis, L; Fayed, M; Pandis, N; Katsaros, C

2012-11-28

312

Comparison of Three Techniques for Repair of Involutional Lower Lid Entropion: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify the efficacy of three different surgical techniques for entropion repair in a 3-year follow-up study: (1) the Fox procedure, (2) everting sutures and (3) a modified technique of lower lid retractor plication. Methods: We included in our study 32 eyelids of 32 consecutive patients with involutional lower lid entropion; 10 lids

Michele Altieri; Michele Iester; Francesca Harman; Roberta Bertagno; Paolo Capris; Davide Venzano; Franco Baldi; Gianguido Altieri

2003-01-01

313

Serial changes of minimal stent malapposition not detected by intravascular ultrasound: follow-up optical coherence tomography study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphologic changes of small-sized post-stent malapposition have not been sufficiently evaluated. We investigated serial changes\\u000a of minimal post-stent malapposition with a follow-up optical coherence tomography (OCT) study. Post-stent OCT and intravascular\\u000a ultrasound (IVUS) and follow-up OCT were performed in 26 patients with minimal post-stent malapposition. Serial changes of\\u000a number and percent of malapposition struts, and mean extra-stent malapposition area were

Won Ho Kim; Byoung Kwon Lee; Sahng Lee; Jae-Min Shim; Jung-Sun Kim; Byoung-Keuk Kim; Young-Guk Ko; Donghoon Choi; Yangsoo Jang; Myeong-Ki Hong

2010-01-01

314

A 10 year follow-up study after Roux-Elmslie-Trillat treatment for cases of patellar instability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  A retrospective study concerning patients presenting with patella instability, treated using a Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction\\u000a operation and followed up for 10 years following surgery, is presented.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Pre-operative and follow-up radiographic evaluation included the weight-bearing anteroposterior and merchant views. Evaluation\\u000a was carried out using the Insall-Salvati index, sulcus and congruence angle. The Roux-Elmslie-Trillat reconstruction operation\\u000a was performed on 18 patients. The clinical

Stefan Endres; Axel Wilke

2011-01-01

315

Midterm follow-up study of laparoscopic dissection of uterine vessels for surgical treatment of symptomatic fibroids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study aimed to assess laparoscopic dissection of uterine vessels (LDUV) for symptomatic fibroids in women. Methods: A total of 69 women entered the study between March 2000 and June 2003. In this case series, 68 consecutive women underwent LDUV using ultrasonically activated sheers or electrosurgery for the treatment of fibroids over 3 years (median follow-up period, 14.5 months).

Z. Holub; A. Jabor; J. Lukac; L. Kliment; Š. Urbanek

2004-01-01

316

Use of dietary supplements in Olympic athletes is decreasing: a follow-up study between 2002 and 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of use of dietary supplements (DS) among large sample of elite Finnish athletes and to describe possible changes in dietary supplement use between the years 2002 and 2009. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted on Olympic athletes. The first survey was conducted on Olympic athletes in 2002 (N

Anni Heikkinen; Antti Alaranta; Ilkka Helenius; Tommi Vasankari

2011-01-01

317

The Consistency of Definitions of Successful Aging Provided by Older Men: The Manitoba Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

: In the absence of a universally agreed-upon definition of successful aging, researchers increasingly look to older adults for layperson views of aging and definitions of successful aging. To use lay definitions in studies of aging, however, researchers must address the definitions’ consistency. In 2004, surviving members of the Manitoba Follow-up Study male cohort (mean age: 83 years) were asked

Robert B. Tate; Brenda L. Loewen; Dennis J. Bayomi; Barbara J. Payne

2009-01-01

318

The Consistency of Definitions of Successful Aging Provided by Older Men: The Manitoba Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the absence of a universally agreed-upon definition of successful aging, researchers increasingly look to older adults for layperson views of aging and definitions of successful aging. To use lay definitions in studies of aging, however, researchers must address the definitions’ consistency. In 2004, surviving members of the Manitoba Follow-up Study male cohort (mean age: 83 years) were asked twice

2009-01-01

319

Extended anterior cervical decompression without fusion: a long-term follow-up study.  

PubMed

We report the long-term outcome in 80 patients who had undergone extended anterior cervical decompression without fusion for cervical nerve root or spinal cord compression. Follow-up ranged from 2 years 4 months to 13 years. Five patients had died from causes unrelated to the original pathology or the surgery. Of the remaining 75 patients, 66 (88%) were symptom free or clearly improved, eight (10%) were unchanged and one patient (1.5%) was worse. Sixty-eight patients (91%) were satisfied with the outcome of treatment. Nineteen patients (25%) had some degree of residual neck pain, but in none was this a major problem. Three patients had required subsequent surgery for cervical disc protrusions at levels adjacent to the first operation, while two patients had developed foraminal stenosis at the level of the surgery and had undergone foraminotomy. One patient had developed a symptomatic flexion deformity. Radiological assessment revealed bony fusion in 71%, some degree of flexion deformity in 13% and some degree of foraminal stenosis in 38%. Our results suggest that the initial good results of extended anterior cervical decompression without fusion are maintained long-term. Although a small number of patients eventually develop problems that might be avoided by an initial spacing procedure/formal fusion, these are no greater than the immediate problems associated with the harvesting and insertion of a bone graft. PMID:10627778

Maurice-Williams, R S; Elsmore, A

1999-10-01

320

Scintigraphic follow up of autologous splenic grafts: An experimental and clinical study  

SciTech Connect

The risk of overwhelming sepsis in splenectomized patients is well known and autotransplantation of splenic tissue might be considered as a prophylactic approach. Little is known, however, of the success of grafting in man. In six patients with autologous grafts after emergency splenectomy the ''trapping function'' (TF) was measured by sequential scintigraphy with heat damaged red cells every third month. To correlate TF with blood flow and histology, different experiments were done in pigs: ligation of the splenic artery or partial splenectomy or total splenectomy with grafting of fragments either subfascially or in the greater momentum. TF, blood flow with Rb-86 and immune response was measured at different times after surgery. Remnants left at the main vessels did not grow, while splenic tissue left at smaller vessels increased in size. There were great differences in blood flow per gram splenic tissue, but a significant correlation between TF and blood flow. All experimental grafts showed a normal function both of the white and the red pulp. In patients there was a growth of grafts in four, while in two no TF could be measured. TF is an indicator of relative blood flow to splenic grafts and therefore useful in the follow up of grafted patients.

Reilmann, H.; Creutzig, H.; Pabst, R.; Kamran, D.

1984-01-01

321

Nurse-led follow-up on demand or by a physician after breast cancer surgery: a randomised study.  

PubMed

The value of routine follow-up with frequent visits to a breast cancer specialist-both in terms of detection of recurrence and patient satisfaction-has been questioned. The aim of this study was to compare nurse-led follow-up on demand versus physician follow-up after breast cancer treatment with regards to patients' well-being, satisfaction, access to medical care and medical safety. Two hundred and sixty-four consecutively selected women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, classified as UICC stage I or stage II, were randomised to follow-up at two hospitals in Sweden, either by routine medical follow-up, the physician group (PG, n=131), or on demand by a specialist nurse, the nurse group (NG, n=133). Measures were done at baseline and twice a year over a period of 5 years by means of a questionnaire containing the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), and the Satisfaction and Accessibility (SaaC) scale. Number of contacts with the health care services, number of diagnostic procedures, and time to recurrence or death were monitored. The ratings of HAD and SaaC did not show any statistically significant differences between the groups. The levels of anxiety and depression were generally low and levels of patient satisfaction high. There were no differences between the groups concerning time to recurrence or death. This study indicates that women with breast cancer in stages I to II can be followed up by a specialist nurse with high patient satisfaction and good medical safety. PMID:15171968

Koinberg, I-L; Fridlund, B; Engholm, G-B; Holmberg, L

2004-06-01

322

Loss of Control over Eating Predicts Outcomes in Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective 24-Month Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined the clinical significance of loss of control over eating (LOC) in bariatric surgery over 24 months of prospective multi-wave follow-ups. Method Three-hundred sixty-one gastric bypass surgery patients completed a battery of assessments before surgery and at 6, 12, and 24 months following surgery. In addition to weight loss and LOC, the assessments targeted eating disorder psychopathology, depression levels, and quality of life. Results Prior to surgery, 61% of patients reported LOC; post-surgery, 31% reported LOC at 6-month follow-up, 36 % reported LOC at 12-month follow-up, and 39% reported LOC at 24-month follow-up. Preoperative LOC did not predict post-operative outcomes. In contrast, mixed models analyses revealed that post-surgery LOC was predictive of weight loss outcomes: patients with LOC post-surgery lost significantly less weight at 12-month (34.6 vs. 37.2% BMI loss) and 24-month (35.8 % vs. 39.1 % BMI loss) post-surgery follow-ups. Similarly, post-surgery LOC significantly predicted eating-disorder psychopathology, depression, and quality of life at 12- and 24-month post-surgery follow-ups. Conclusions Pre-operative LOC does not appear to be a negative prognostic indicator for post-surgical outcomes. Postoperative LOC, however, is a prospective predictor of significantly poorer post-surgical weight and psychosocial outcomes at 12- and 24- month following surgery. Since LOC following bariatric surgery significantly predicts attenuated post-surgical improvements, it represents an important target for clinical attention.

White, Marney A.; Kalarchian, Melissa A.; Masheb, Robin M.; Marcus, Marsha D.; Grilo, Carlos M.

2010-01-01

323

A comparative study of "plasmacup" and "porous-coated" acetabular components: survival after 10 to 12 years of follow-up  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to compare the long?term survivorship rates and the rates of successful osseointegration between two different types of uncemented acetabular components. INTRODUCTION: Two types of alloys have primarily been used for the manufacture of the uncemented acetabular components: titanium?based and cobalt?based alloys. A titanium?based alloy appears to be more effective with regard to interface stress transfer to the host bone because of its lower elastic modulus relative to a cobalt?based alloy. This supposed mechanical advantage of a titanium?based alloy component motivated this comparative study. METHODS: Two uncemented acetabular components, a porous?coated acetabulum and a Plasmacup®, were compared with a focus on long?term prosthesis survivorship and the development of acetabular osseointegration. Five radiographic signs of osseointegration were evaluated at the last follow?up appointment: (1) absence of radiolucent lines, (2) presence of a superolateral buttress, (3) medial stress?shielding, (4) radial trabeculae, and (5) an inferomedial buttress. We considered the presence of any three of these radiographic signs, in the absence of acetabular dislocation or symptoms, to be indicative of successful acetabular osseointegration. RESULTS: Among 70 patients implanted with the porous?coated acetabulum, 80% achieved osseointegration over a mean follow?up time of 11.9 years versus 75.3% of the 73 patients who received a Plasmacup insert over a mean of 10.7 years. Prosthesis survivorship rates were not different between the two groups. Revision surgery due to mild or severe acetabular osteolysis, polyethylene wear, and aseptic loosening occurred in eight patients (11.4%) with a PCA versus nine (12.3%) with a Plasmacup. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, during the first ten years after surgery, there is no significant difference between these two types of uncemented cups with regard to either prosthesis survivorship or successful osseointegration.

Vicente, Jose Ricardo Negreiros; Ulhoa, Carlos Antonio Soares; Katz, Marcio; Addeo, Renato Dainesi; Croci, Alberto Tesconi

2010-01-01

324

Using Facebook to Maximize Follow-Up Response Rates in a Longitudinal Study of Adults Who Use Methamphetamine  

PubMed Central

This study examines the process and effects of using facebook (FB) to locate and re-contact study participants targeted for follow up in a longitudinal study of adult methamphetamine users (N = 649). A follow-up interview was conducted in 2009–11 approximately 8 years after previous study participation. Our paper describes re-contact efforts involving FB, including IRB regulatory issues and the effectiveness of using FB compared to mailings and phone calls. A total of 48 of the 551 surviving non-incarcerated participants who agreed to be contacted for follow up studies were contacted via FB, of whom 11 completed the follow-up interview. Those contacted through FB were more likely to be younger, female, relocated out-of-state, and reported somewhat higher rates of anxiety and cognitive problems compared to those not located on FB. Although participants contacted through FB are likely to differ demographically from those contacted by phone or mail, FB provides a potentially effective means to expand conventional methods of correspondence for contacting hard to reach participants.

Bolanos, Franklin; Herbeck, Diane; Christou, Dayna; Lovinger, Katherine; Pham, Aurora; Raihan, Adnan; Rodriguez, Luz; Sheaff, Patricia; Brecht, Mary-Lynn

2012-01-01

325

A case of primary progressive aphasia. A 14-year follow-up study with neuropathological findings.  

PubMed

Primary progressive aphasia has been clinically defined as a progressive language deficit leading to the dissolution of almost all language functions with relative preservation of other cognitive functions until late in the course of the disease. Two types of language impairment have been described for primary progressive aphasia, which differ with respect to the degree of fluency of spontaneous speech. Whereas some authors have emphasized non-fluency as a defining characteristic of primary progressive aphasia, others have proposed that phonemic rather than semantic paraphasias in naming, both in the fluent and the non-fluent subtype, should be used as a criterion to distinguish primary progressive aphasia from slowly progressive aphasia in other forms of degenerative brain disease. Patients with fluent speech and semantic dementia, as typically seen in Alzheimer's disease, produce semantic paraphasias and circumlocutions rather than phonemic errors in naming. This paper reports the long-term follow-up of a patient with fluent aphasic speech, whose language profile over a decade was similar to that of patients with semantic dementia. Neuropathological examination revealed no evidence of Alzheimer's disease. Pick's disease or Pick variant, but showed spongiform changes of cortical layers (II and III) in temporal and, less severely, in frontal gyri. The present case indicates that semantic dementia is not a reliable indicator of probable Alzheimer's disease and supports the notion that there are different subtypes of primary progressive aphasia which cannot be defined by fluency or by the presence of phonemic paraphasia. Progress in identifying the neuropathological correlates of these subtypes in cases with lobar atrophy and spongiform changes should be expected from hereditary variants of progressive disorder. PMID:9549492

Schwarz, M; De Bleser, R; Poeck, K; Weis, J

1998-01-01

326

Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Jinja, Uganda: A Six-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction We report on the adherence experience of a group of people living with HIV on ART over six years in Uganda. Methods Between 2005 and 2009, we followed up 41 participants who were also part of a clinical trial comparing home and facility based delivery of ART in Jinja, eastern Uganda. We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews at enrolment, 3, 6, 18 and 30 months to capture experiences with adherence over time. In 2011 we returned to these participants to find out how they were fairing with long term adherence. We managed to retrace 24 participants and interviewed them about their experience. We thematically analysed the data and compared findings over time. Results Initially there were few barriers to adherence and many followed the adherence guidance closely. By year six, relaxation of these rules was noticeable although self-reported adherence continued to be high. Alcohol consumption was more common than before. Some relatives of the participants who had died claimed that some deaths were a result of alcohol. While participants reported that ART had allowed them to reclaim independence and return to work the changes in work and social routines created new challenges for adherence. Side effects like lipodystrophy were not only causing some stigma but for some tested their faith in the drugs. Many participants reported resumption of sexual lives but apart from those who selected same status partners, disclosure to new partners was minimal. Conclusion Good adherence practice to ART wanes over the long-term, and people who may have disclosed at initiation find it difficult to do so to new partners once they are healthy. Further adherence interventions and support with disclosure over the course of therapy may need to be considered. (Words: 283)

Mbonye, Martin; Seeley, Janet; Ssembajja, Fatuma; Birungi, Josephine; Jaffar, Shabbar

2013-01-01

327

The natural history of nonalcoholic fatty liver: a follow-up study.  

PubMed

Nonalcohol-induced fatty liver is widely believed to be a benign condition with little or no risk of disease progression. There have been occasional reports of progression to cirrhosis but none in the absence of preexisting fibrosis on the index biopsy specimen even when co-existing hepatitis was present (steatohepatitis). From our histological database (1978 to 1985), we identified 161 patients with fatty liver seen at our institution and traced the case notes of 156. One hundred five patients were initially excluded as having an alcohol-induced cause, and the remaining 51 either were seen in the clinic (37) or had died, in which cases copies of their death certificates were obtained (14). A further 7 patients were excluded after clinic attendance gave evidence of alcohol excess and another 4 after review of their initial biopsy showed the presence of fibrosis or steatohepatitis. The apparent cause of the steatosis in the 40 included patients with strictly nonalcohol-induced pure fatty liver was obesity in 12, diabetes in 4 (1 obese patient), and cachexia associated with extrahepatic malignancy in 6. Four of the remaining 19 had serological evidence of an autoimmune disorder, but none of these had any clinical or histological features of autoimmune liver disease. Nine patients had evidence of hyperlipidemia, 3 of whom were also obese. At a median follow-up of 11 years (7 to 16), 12 of 26 living patients had abnormal results of liver blood tests and had repeat liver biopsies performed. None had progressed to steatohepatitis or cirrhosis; 1 obese patient had developed mild fibrosis 9.8 years after her index biopsy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7489979

Teli, M R; James, O F; Burt, A D; Bennett, M K; Day, C P

1995-12-01

328

Perceptions of Teachers of Students with Visual Impairments regarding Assistive Technology: A Follow-Up Study to a University Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The study presented here examined the learning outcomes of graduate students in visual impairment who were enrolled in an assistive technology course in three university programs. Methods: The students' perceptions of learning were evaluated using pre- and posttests administered during the course. A follow-up questionnaire was…

Kamei-Hannan, Cheryl; Howe, Jon; Herrera, Robyn Rene; Erin, Jane N.

2012-01-01

329

Occupational Physical Activity, Overweight, and Mortality: A Follow-Up Study of 47,405 Norwegian Women and Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This population-based 24-year follow-up study evaluated the association of occupational physical activity (OPA) with overweight and mortality in 47,405 men and women, healthy at baseline, and reporting OPA as sedentary (reference), light, moderately heavy, or heavy. The adjusted odds ratio for overweight was slightly less than 1 for all…

Graff-Iversen, Sidsel; Selmer, Randi; Sorensen, Marit; Skurtveit, Svetlana

2007-01-01

330

Concurrent Validity of a Stress-Vulnerability Model of Suicidal Ideation and Behavior: A Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducted follow-up study to test concurrent validity of stress-vulnerability model of suicidal ideation and behavior. College students (N=202) completed self-report measures of life stress, loneliness, depression, dysfunctional cognitions, reasons for living, hopelessness, current suicide ideation, and predictions of future suicide probability.…

Rich, Alexander; Bonner, Ronald L.

1987-01-01

331

Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study: First Follow-Up 1996-98 (BPS:96/98) Methodology Report. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the methods and procedures used for the full-scale data collection effort of the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study First Follow-Up 1996-98 (BPS:96/98). These students, who started their postsecondary education during the 1995-96 academic year, were first interviewed during 1996 as part of the National…

Wine, Jennifer S.; Whitmore, Roy W.; Heuer, Ruth E.; Biber, Melissa; Pratt, Daniel J.

332

Long-Term Follow-Up Study of Legal Tech Graduates, 1984-1988. Volume XVIII, No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to provide information for the 1989-90 program review at William Rainey Harper College (WRHC) and to fulfill American Bar Association accreditation guidelines, a long-term, follow-up study was conducted of all Legal Tech program alumni who graduated between 1984 and 1988. A telephone survey generated usable responses from 106 (73%) of the…

Lucas, John A.; Hildebrandt, Sharrie

333

A Follow-Up Study of Transfer Students from Southern West Virginia Community College to Marshall University: 1967-1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to evaluate the efficacy of the college parallel program at Southern West Virginia Community College (SWVCC), a follow-up study was conducted of all students who had attended SWVCC between 1967 and 1972 and had subsequently transferred to Marshall University. Each of the 204 students in the sample had earned at least 30 semester credit…

Nolan, Edwin J.; Hall, Donald L.

334

Lane Community College Student Follow-Up Study, Spring 2001. 1999-2000 Students: One Year Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2001 follow-up study conducted in the spring of 2001 and reported in the fall of 2001,targeted 2 groups of former Lane Community College (LCC) (Oregon) students. Surveys were mailed to all 1990-2000 graduates (students who earned a degree or certificate). The second group contacted were students who had achieved no formal award (NFA). These…

Sandoz, Sylvia J.

335

Educational Goal Attainment: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study of Nonreturning 1985-86 JCCC Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, a follow-up study of non-returning students who had attended Johnson County Community College (JCCC) during fall 1985, spring 1986, or summer 1986 was conducted to assess the former students' achievement of their educational goals. A target population of 7,910 long-term leavers was surveyed regarding their opinions and perceptions of…

Johnson County Community Coll., Overland Park, KS. Office of Institutional Research.

336

Handarm vibration syndrome with use of anti-vibration chain saws: 19-year follow-up study of forestry workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) consists of vascular and neurological component. Musculoskeletal component has not been delineated yet. In the present follow-up study, we evaluated the prevalence of HAVS and the cumulative exposure to vibration among a cohort of forestry workers. Special interest was given to numbness and musculoskeletal disorders of upper extremity and neck in forestry workers. Methods: A

Päivi Sutinen; Esko Toppila; Jukka Starck; Anthony Brammer; Jing Zou; Ilmari Pyykkö

2006-01-01

337

A follow?up study of one group of achievers and underachievers four years after high school graduation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four?year follow?up study comparing gifted achievers and underachievers examined college attendance, academic performance, involvement in campus activities, type of institution attended, number of declared majors, career direction, and satisfaction with life developments since high school. All achievers attended college, were more sure of career direction, completed more years of college, and were more involved in campus activities than were

Jean Sunde Peterson

2000-01-01

338

Pulsed radiofrequency for the treatment of occipital neuralgia: a prospective study with 6 months of follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Occipital neuralgia is a paroxysmal nonthrobbing, stabbing pain in the area of the greater or lesser occipital nerve caused by irritation of these nerves. Although several therapies have been reported, no criterion standard has emerged. This study reports on the results of a prospective trial with 6 months of follow-up in which pulsed radiofrequency treatment of the

Pascal Vanelderen; T. P. H. Rouwette; Pieter De Vooght; Martine Puylaert; René Heylen; Kris Vissers; Jan Van Zundert

2010-01-01

339

Temporal Stability of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Dimensions in an Undergraduate Sample: A Prospective 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The temporal stability of obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions was studied in a nonclinical student sample. The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory--Revised was administered twice to 132 undergraduate students during a 2-year period. There were no significant changes in symptom dimension scores between the baseline and follow-up, except for the…

Fullana, Miquel A.; Tortella-Feliu, Miquel; Caseras, Xavier; Taberner, Joan; Torrubia, Rafael; Mataix-Cols, David

2007-01-01

340

Morbidity and mortality in compensated cirrhosis type C: A retrospective follow-up study of 384 patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few data are available concerning the long-term prognosis of chronic liver disease associated with hepatitis C virus infection. This study examined the morbidity and survival of patients with compensated cirrhosis type C.METHODS: A cohort of 384 European cirrhotic patients was enrolled at seven tertiary referral hospitals and followed up for a mean period of 5 years. Inclusion

G Fattovich; G Giustina; F Degos; F Tremolada; G Diodati; P Almasio; F Nevens; A Solinas; D Mura; JT Brouwer; H Thomas; C Njapoum; C Casarin; P Bonetti; P Fuschi; J Basho; A Tocco; A Bhalla; R Galassini; F Noventa; SW Schalm; G Realdi

1997-01-01

341

A Five Year Follow-up Study of Entering Fall 1970 Basic Skills Students at Queensborough Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to ascertain the effect of open admissions by investigating the graduation rate of basic skills students, a follow-up study was conducted of the 1,728 students who entered Queensborough Community College in fall 1970 and who were assigned to remedial reading and/or writing. Of a total enrollment of 3,230, 24% or 774 students were…

Bergman, Irwin

342

The effects of strength training among persons with hand osteoarthritis: a two-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Hand exercise is recommended for hand osteoarthritis (OA) management, but few efficacy studies have been published. The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of two years of whole body strength training and gripper exercise on hand strength, pain, and function in adults with radiographic evidence of hand OA. Older adults (N=55; 71.5+/-6.5 years; 80% female) participated in a two-year, three times per week strength training regimen. Bilateral gripper exercise weight (i.e., isotonic grip strength), isometric grip strength, pain, and self-reported hand, and finger function were recorded at baseline and 24 months. Isotonic grip strength increased 1.94 kg (20.14 kg baseline, 22.09 kg follow-up; p<0.0003). Right and left isometric grip increased 3.62 kg (25.83 kg baseline, 29.45 kg follow-up; p<0.002) and 2.95 kg (22.73 kg baseline, 25.65 kg follow-up; p<0.0005), respectively. Hand pain decreased from 4.77 to 2.62 (p<0.006). Hand and finger function scores showed minimal dysfunction at baseline and follow-up. Results suggest strength training safely increases dynamic and static grip strength and reduces pain in older persons with hand OA. PMID:17658418

Rogers, Matthew W; Wilder, Frances V

343

Body Structures and Physical Complaints in Upper Limb Reduction Deficiency: A 24-Year Follow-Up Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe upper body structures associated with upper limb reduction deficiency and the development of these structures over time, to examine the presence of physical complaints in this population, and to compare body structures and complaints between groups based on prosthesis use. Design Prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of 24 years, with matched able-bodied controls. Subjects Twenty-eight patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency fitted with myoelectric prostheses, aged 8–18 years at inclusion. Method Measurements of upper arm, trunk and spine were performed and study-specific questionnaires were answered at baseline and follow-up; the Brief Pain Inventory and the Quick Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaires were answered at follow-up. Results Both at baseline and follow-up, within-subjects differences in structures of the arm and trunk were shown in patients but not in controls. Spinal deviations, although small, were greater in patients compared to controls. Self-reported disability was higher in patients compared to controls. Differences in back pain and effect of prostheses use could not be shown. Conclusions Patients with unilateral below-elbow reduction deficiency have consistent differences in upper body structures. Deviations of the spine, probably of functional origin, do not progress to clinically relevant scoliosis.

Postema, Sietke G.; van der Sluis, Corry K.; Waldenlov, Kristina; Norling Hermansson, Liselotte M.

2012-01-01

344

Photorefractive keratectomy in patients with mild to moderate stable keratoconus: a five-year prospective follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual outcome of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in patients with mild to moderate stable keratoconus and to assess the risk of progression of the disease after the excimer laser procedure. Methods In this prospective study, carried out at the Clemenceau Medical Center, an affiliate of Johns Hopkins International, in Beirut, Lebanon, 119 eyes from 72 patients with grade 1–2 keratoconus (Amsler–Krumeich classification) underwent PRK. Forty-seven patients had both eyes treated and 25 patients had one eye treated. The procedure was done using the Wavelight Eye Q Excimer laser. Uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity, corneal topography, and pachymetry were assessed before the procedure and 3, 6, 12, 36, and 60 months after the procedure. Results Mean uncorrected visual acuity showed a statistically significant improvement (P < 0.05) at one, 3, and 5 years follow-up. One hundred and seventeen eyes (98.3%) showed no progression while two eyes (1.7%) showed progression of the disease at 5 years follow-up, as documented by corneal topography and pachymetry. These two eyes were treated with corneal collagen crosslinking. Conclusion PRK in mild to moderate keratoconus is a safe and effective procedure for improving uncorrected vision in patients with mild refractive errors. However, close follow-up of patients is needed to detect any progression of the disease. Longer follow-up is needed to assess the overall effect of this procedure on progression of the disease.

Chelala, Elias; Rami, Hala El; Dirani, Ali; Fadlallah, Ali; Fakhoury, Omar; Warrak, Elias

2013-01-01

345

Ten-year health service use outcomes in a population-based cohort of 21,000 injured adults: the Manitoba injury outcome study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To quantify long-term health service use (HSU) following non-fatal injury in adults. METHODS: A retrospective, population-based, matched cohort study identified an inception cohort (1988-91) of injured people who had been hospitalized (ICD-9-CM 800-995) aged 18-64 years (n = 21 032) and a matched non-injured comparison group (n = 21 032) from linked administrative data from Manitoba, Canada. HSU data (on hospitalizations, cumulative length of stay, physician claims and placements in extended care services) were obtained for the 12 months before and 10 years after the injury. Negative binomial and Poisson regressions were used to quantify associations between injury and long-term HSU. FINDINGS: Statistically significant differences in the rates of HSU existed between the injured and non-injured cohorts for the pre-injury year and every year of the follow-up period. After controlling for pre-injury HSU, the attributable risk percentage indicated that 38.7% of all post-injury hospitalizations (n = 25 183), 68.9% of all years spent in hospital (n = 1031), 21.9% of physician claims (n = 269 318) and 77.1% of the care home placements (n = 189) in the injured cohort could be attributed to being injured. CONCLUSION: Many people who survive the initial period following injury, face long periods of inpatient care (and frequent readmissions), high levels of contact with physicians and an increased risk of premature placement in institutional care. Population estimates of the burden of injury could be refined by including long-term non-fatal health consequences and controlling for the effect of pre-injury comorbidity.

Cameron, C. M.; Purdie, D. M.; Kliewer, E. V.; McClure, R. J.

2006-01-01

346

Overweight and obesity trends among Japanese adults: a 10-year follow-up of the JPHC Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Limited data are available regarding longitudinal changes in body weight. Here, we describe changes in the prevalences of overweight and obesity and calculated the incidence of these indices during a 10-year follow-up period for a large-scale cohort study in Japan.Design:Longitudinal analysis of data from a population-based cohort study, the Japan Public Health Center (JPHC) Study.Participants:A total of 65 095 Japanese

Y Matsushita; Y Takahashi; T Mizoue; M Inoue; M Noda; S Tsugane

2008-01-01

347

Skinfold thickness, body mass index, and fatal coronary heart disease: 30 year follow up of the Northwick Park heart study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To examine the effect of baseline body mass index (BMI) and skinfold thickness (ST) on fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and all cause mortality after 30 years of follow up.Design: Prospective cohort study.Setting: Northwick Park heart study (NPHS) designed to investigate the role of haemostatic variables on CHD.Participants: 1511 men and 691 women enrolled in NPHS aged 40

Joseph Kim; Tom Meade; Andy Haines

2006-01-01

348

Long-term follow-up after laparoscopic management of endometrial cancer: a 15-year cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term oncological outcomes of laparoscopic management of endometrial carcinoma\\u000a (EC) in a large series of consecutive patients from two referral cancer centres. The study is a large retrospective study\\u000a with 15-year follow-up. The clinical records of 207 consecutive women with clinical stage I EC managed by laparoscopy between\\u000a 1990 and 2005 were

Benoit Rabischong; Demetrio Larraín; Guillaume Le Bouëdec; Michel Canis; Christophe Pomel; Kris Jardon; Fabrice Kwiatkowski; Jean-Louis Achard; Jacques Dauplat; Gerard Mage

349

Social inequalities in self reported health in early old age: follow-up of prospective cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To describe differences in trajectories of self reported health in an ageing cohort according to occupational grade.Design Prospective cohort study of office based British civil servants (1985-2004).Participants 10 308 men and women aged 35-55 at baseline, employed in 20 London civil service departments (the Whitehall II study); follow-up was an average of 18 years.Main outcome measures Physical component and

Tarani Chandola; Jane Ferrie; Amanda Sacker; Michael Marmot

2007-01-01

350

A follow-up study on the effects of calcium-supplement withdrawal and puberty on bone acquisition of  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent calcium supplementation trials in chil- dren have confirmed a positive but moderate effect of calcium intake on bone mineral accretion. However, the lasting effect of a higher bone mineral mass after calcium-supplement withdrawal is not known. This is an I 8-mo follow-up study conducted after an I 8-mo controlled calcium supplementation trial to study the per- sistent effect of

Warren TK Lee; Sophie SF Leung; Jack CY Cheng

351

Outcome of depression in later life in primary care: longitudinal cohort study with three years’ follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To study the duration of depression, recovery over time, and predictors of prognosis in an older cohort (?55 years) in primary care.Design Longitudinal cohort study, with three years’ follow-up.Setting 32 general practices in West Friesland, the Netherlands.Participants 234 patients aged 55 years or more with a prevalent major depressive disorder.Main outcome measures Depression at baseline and every six months

E Licht-Strunk; H W J Van Marwijk; T Hoekstra; J W R Twisk; M De Haan; A T F Beekman

2009-01-01

352

Intimal hyperplasia thickness at follow-up is independent of stent size: A serial intravascular ultrasound study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the thickness of the intimal hyperplasia (IH) layer that accumulates within Palmaz-Schatz stents is dependent on stent size. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and quantitative angiographic (QCA) studies were performed after stent implantation and at follow-up (5.4 ± 3.8 months) in 161 patients with 177 lesions treated with 221 Palmaz-Schatz stents. Stent and

Rainer Hoffmann; Gary S. Mintz; Augusto D. Pichard; Kenneth M. Kent; Lowell F. Satler; Martin B. Leon

1998-01-01

353

EXTREMITY SARCOMA SURGERY IN YOUNGER CHILDREN: TEN YEARS OF PATIENTS TEN YEARS AND UNDER  

PubMed Central

Sarcoma surgeons face unique challenges in younger patients with significant skeletal growth remaining. The heightened concerns regarding radiation in the very young and the drastic changes expected in the lengths and cross-sectional areas of bones affect the decision-making for both soft-tissue and bone sarcomas in this population. Nonetheless, there is sparse literature focused on sarcoma surgery in this age group. The records of one tertiary regional sarcoma treatment program were reviewed to identify all patients ten years old or younger at the time of local control surgery for limb or limb-girdle sarcomas. Demographic information, diagnosis, surgery performed, complications, and general outcomes were gleaned from the medical records. 43 patients were identified, including 15 with osteosarcomas, 11 Ewing’s sarcoma family tumors, five rhabdomyosarcomas, and two synovial sarcomas, among others. Location of tumors varied widely, but demonstrated a predilection for the upper extremity more than is typical in adolescents with the same tumor types. Survival was favorable overall, with only five patients dying from disease. Most patients continued to function well at latest follow-up, but 16 experienced additional surgical interventions following the index procedure. Sarcoma surgery in the younger growing child presents challenges for the surgeon, patient, and parents, but is usually successful in the long-term.

Israelsen, Ryan B; Ilium, Benjamin E; Crabtree, Susie; Randall, R Lor; Jones, Kevin B

2011-01-01

354

In vivo animal follow-up studies on intrastromal surgery with near-infrared nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the histological results of in-vivo animal follow-up studies on refractive femtosecond laser surgery. Non-invasive flap-free intrastromal ablation as well as flap generation has been performed with MHz nanojoule near infrared femtosecond laser pulses. In particular, the dynamics of corneal wound healing have been studied. Wound-healing effects could be detected up to 90 days post-operation in the case of lasermediated flap generation. The flap-free intrastromal cavity was identified until the 28th day post-treatment. Interestingly, eosinophil granulocytes were observed. The follow-up studies confirmed that the near infrared femtosecond laser at near-nanojoule pulse energy is a highly precise and an attractive tool for intraocular refractive surgery, especially for flap-free intrastromal surgery.

Wang, Baogui; Riemann, Iris; Halbhuber, Karl-Juergen; Schubert, Harald; Kirste, Sigrun; Koenig, Karsten

2005-04-01

355

A Follow-up Study on U.S.-Trained Iranian Faculty Members: Satisfactions and Dissatisfactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Iran was one of the major contributors to the international student population in the United States. For some years, the number of Iranian students studied in America mounted such that there were more Iranians studying at colleges and universities in the United States than from any other foreign country. This study examined the satisfaction of…

Arasteh, Hamidreza

2009-01-01

356

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Physical Therapists: A Prospective Cohort Study With 1-Year Follow-up  

PubMed Central

Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) have a significant impact on physical therapists, but few studies have addressed the issue. Research is needed to determine the scope of the problem and the effects of specific risk factors. Objectives: The objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the 1-year incidence rate of WMSDs in physical therapists and (2) to determine the effects of specific risk factors. Design: This was a prospective cohort study with 1-year follow-up. Methods: Subjects were randomly selected American Physical Therapy Association members (N=882). Exposure assessment included demographic data, physical risk factors, job strain, and specific physical therapy tasks. The primary outcome was WMSDs, with a severity rating of at least 4/10 and present at least once a month or lasting longer than a week. Results: The response rate to the baseline questionnaire was 67%. Ninety-three percent of the subjects who responded to the baseline questionnaire responded to the follow-up questionnaire. The 1-year incidence rate of WMSDs was 20.7%. Factors that increased the risk for WMSDs included patient transfers, patient repositioning, bent or twisted postures, joint mobilization, soft tissue work, and job strain. Limitations: The primary limitation of this study was the number of therapists who had a change in their job situation during the follow-up year. Conclusions: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are prevalent in physical therapists. Physical therapy exposures, patient handling, and manual therapy, in particular, increase the risk for WMSDs.

Campo, Marc; Weiser, Sherri; Koenig, Karen L; Nordin, Margareta

2008-01-01

357

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Threshold and Subthreshold Anorexia Nervosa: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Few long-term follow-up studies have evaluated the response to psychotherapeutical interventions in anorexia nervosa (AN). The effectiveness of individual cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and the possible predictors of outcome in outpatients suffering from threshold and subthreshold AN (s-AN) were evaluated. Methods: At the beginning (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1), and 3 years after the end of treatment

Valdo Ricca; Giovanni Castellini; Carolina Lo Sauro; Edoardo Mannucci; Claudia Ravaldi; Francesco Rotella; Carlo Faravelli

2010-01-01

358

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With LARS Artificial Ligament: A Multicenter Study With 3- to 5Year Follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by use of the Ligament Advanced Reinforcement System (LARS) artificial ligament (Surgical Implants and Devices, Arc-sur-Tille, France) with 3- to 5-year follow-up. Methods: From August 2004 to July 2006, 159 patients with ACL rupture underwent arthroscopic ACL recon- struction with LARS

Kai Gao; Shiyi Chen; Lide Wang; Weiguo Zhang; Yifan Kang; Qirong Dong; Haibin Zhou; Linan Li

2010-01-01

359

Depression and Suicidal Ideation After Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease: A Two-Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study reports a two-year follow-up of psychological effects of predictive testing for Huntington's disease. Questionnaires assessing depression, general health, well-being, self injurious behavior, life satisfaction, and lifestyle were completed by 35 carriers and 58 non-carriers before the predictive test, and 2, 6, 12, and 24 months afterwards. Both carriers and non-carriers showed high suicidal ideation before the predictive

Maria U. Larsson; Mary A. Luszcz; Tarja-Brita Robins Wahlin

2006-01-01

360

Follow-up study on the motion range after treatment of degenerative disc disease with the Bryan cervical disc prosthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  This study examined effect of a new intervertebral cervical disc prosthesis in relieving the neurological symptoms and signs,\\u000a improving the patients’ ability to perform daily activities, reducing pain, and maintaining the stability and segmental motion.\\u000a From December 2003 to October 2004, 12 patients, who had received 14 replacements of cervical artificial discs, were followed-up\\u000a for 2 to 8 months (with

Shuhua Yang; Yong Hu; Jijun Zhao; Xianfeng He; Yong Liu; Weihua Xu; Jingyuan Du; Dehao Fu

2007-01-01

361

Secondary malignancies after treatment for indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a 16-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Relatively little information is available on the incidence of secondary cancer in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The aim of this long-term follow-up study was to determine the incidence, the time free of second tumors, and risk factors for developing secondary cancer in a homogeneous group of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Design and Methods We evaluated a total of 563 patients with

Stefano Sacchi; Luigi Marcheselli; Alessia Bari; Raffaella Marcheselli; Samantha Pozzi; Stefano Luminari; Marco Lombardo; Gabriele Buda; Antonio Lazzaro; Paolo G. Gobbi; Caterina Stelitano; Fortunato Morabito; Giovanni Quarta; Maura Brugiatelli; Orsola Ciarcia; Caterina Mammi

2008-01-01

362

The Leros PIKPA Asylum Deinstitutionalization and Rehabilitation ProjectA follow-up study on care staff fears and attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a three-year follow-up study on the results from the Deinstitutionalization Project of the Leros PIKPA asylum regarding job-related fears of care staff of the institution as well as their attitudes towards people with learning disabilities. We expected that changes in staff would occur in a way congruent with previously published findings indicating that after a year of intervention

John Tsiantis; Stavroula P. Diareme; Gerasimos Kolaitis

2000-01-01

363

Reading, metacognition and motivation: A follow-up study of German students in Grades 7 and 8  

Microsoft Academic Search

This follow-up study to van Kraayenoord and Schneider (1999) examined the performance in reading, metacognition and motivation\\u000a related to reading of students in Grades 7 and 8. Results showed significant correlations between all of the variables. A\\u000a multivariate analysis of variance showed that “good” and “poor” readers differed in reading self-concept and metacognitive\\u000a measures related to reading and memory. A

Annette Roeschl-Heils; Wolfgang Schneider; Christina E. van Kraayenoord

2003-01-01

364

Reduction in Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality Extended Follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale: A large body of epidemiologic literature has found an association of increased fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with acute and chronic mortality. The effect of improvements in particle exposure is less clear. Objectives: Earlier analysis of the Harvard Six Cities adult cohort study showed an association between long-term ambient PM2.5 and mortality between enrollment in the mid-1970s and follow-up

Francine Laden; Joel Schwartz; Frank E. Speizer; Douglas W. Dockery

365

Favourable long term prognosis in stable angina pectoris: an extended follow up of the angina prognosis study in Stockholm (APSIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the long term prognosis of patients with stable angina pectoris.Design: Registry based follow up (median 9.1 years) of patients participating in the APSIS (angina prognosis study in Stockholm), which was a double blind, single centre trial of antianginal drug treatment.Patients: 809 patients (31% women) with stable angina pectoris < 70 (mean (SD) 59 (7) years at inclusion)

P Hjemdahl; S V Eriksson; C Held; L Forslund; P Na?sman; N Rehnqvist

2006-01-01

366

Clinical relevance of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adolescents with severe mood disorder: evidence from a follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the limited knowledge on the long-term outcome of adolescents who receive electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), the study aimed to follow-up adolescents treated with ECT for severe mood disorder. Eleven subjects treated during adolescence with bilateral ECT for psychotic depression (n = 6) or mania (n = 5), and ten psychiatric controls matched for sex, age, school level, and clinical diagnosis, completed at least 1

O. Taieb; M.-F. Flament; S. Chevret; P. Jeammet; J.-F. Allilaire; P. Mazet; D. Cohen

2002-01-01

367

Cilazapril Treatment in a Cohort of Seven Patients with Congestive Heart Failure: A Seven-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown to prolong life in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF), the prognosis of these patients remains poor.Objective: The purpose of the study was to reevaluate a cohort of patients with CHF after 7 years of follow-up with cilazapril therapy to assess the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), anatomic and functional capacity of the

?eref Demirel; Osman Erk; Mehmet Ünal; Sezai Vatansever; Hüseyin Oflaz; ?lker Yücesir; Nursal Florinal?; Kamil Adalet

2003-01-01

368

School’s out: a comprehensive follow-up study on parents’ perceptions of their child’s school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study set out to examine the changes that took place in parents’ evaluations of their child’s school in\\u000a the course of the child’s complete 9-year-long compulsory education. Over the follow-up period, academically educated and\\u000a vocationally educated mothers and fathers (N?=?326) were asked to indicate their degree of satisfaction with aspects of their child’s school every 2 years. It was

Hannu Räty

2010-01-01

369

Long-term follow-up of patients with persistent\\/recurrent, isolated haematuria: A Hungarian multicentre study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A retrospective multicentre study of 341 children with persistent\\/recurrent, isolated haematuria is described. The haematuria was isolated for at least 6 months at the beginning of observation. The duration of follow-up was 2–5 years in 201, 5–10 years in 119, 10–15 years in 19, and over 15 years in 2 cases. Of these patients 47.8% became symptom-free. In 18.4% the

S. Túri; M. Visy; Á. Vissy; V. Jfiszai; Zs. Czirbesz; I. Haszon; Zs. Szelid; I. Ferkis

1989-01-01

370

Dietary diversity and subsequent mortality in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study13  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the relation of dietary diversity to subsequent all-cause mortality by using data from the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES I) Epidemiologic Follow-up Study, 1982- 1987. The analytic co- hort consisted of 4 160 men and 6264 women (including 2556 deaths), 25-74 y at baseline ( 197 1- 1975). Twenty-four-hour di- etary recalls were evaluated for

K Kant; Arthur Schatzkin; Gladys Block

371

Obsessive–compulsive disorder: A 3-year prospective follow-up study of patients treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to evaluate the long-term course of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients treated with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and to identify predictors of clinical outcome. Seventy-nine patients fulfilling DSM-IV criteria for OCD were followed prospectively for 3 years. Baseline information was collected on demographic and clinical characteristics, using standardized instruments. During the follow-up period, the clinical status of

Francesco Catapano; Francesco Perris; Mariangela Masella; Flavia Rossano; Marco Cigliano; Lorenza Magliano; Mario Maj

2006-01-01

372

A follow-up study of early onset psychosis: Comparison between outcome diagnoses of schizophrenia, mood disorders, and personality disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the outcome of youth previously diagnosed with psychotic disorders at a public-sector tertiary care hospital. Of 95 children and adolescents retrospectively identified, follow-up information (mean interval 3.9 years) was obtained on 24 subjects with an outcome diagnosis of schizophrenia, 9 with psychotic mood disorders, 5 with personality disorders (antisocial or borderline), and 1 with schizo-affective disorder. The

Jon M. McClellan; John S. Werry; Mark Ham

1993-01-01

373

Interspinous Process Decompression With the X-STOP Device for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis A 4Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-STOP is the first interspinous process decompres- sion device that was shown to be superior to nonoperative therapy in patients with neurogenic intermittent claudication secondary to spinal stenosis in the multicenter randomized study at 1 and 2 years. We present 4-year follow-up data on the X-STOP patients. Patient records were screened to identify potentially eligible subjects who underwent X-STOP implanta-

Dimitriy G. Kondrashov; Matthew Hannibal; Ken Y. Hsu; James F. Zucherman

374

Depression in relation to purpose in life among a very old population: A five-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between purpose in life and depression and, in a five-year follow-up investigate whether purpose in life, adjusted for different background characteristics, can prevent very old men and women from developing depression.Methods: A cross-sectional study included 189 participants (120 women and 69 men) 85–103 years of age living in a county in northern Sweden. Those who

Pia Hedberg; Yngve Gustafson; Lena Alèx; Christine Brulin

2010-01-01

375

Risk of autism spectrum disorders in children born after assisted conception: a population-based follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo assess the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children born after assisted conception compared with children born after natural conception.DesignPopulation-based follow-up study.SettingAll children born alive in Denmark 1995–2003.Participants588 967 children born in Denmark from January 1995 to December 2003. Assisted conception was defined as in vitro fertilisation (IVF) with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection and ovulation induction (OI)

D. Hvidtjorn; J. Grove; D. Schendel; L. A. Schieve; C. Svaerke; E. Ernst; P. Thorsen

2010-01-01

376

Muscle fiber-type distribution predicts weight gain and unfavorable left ventricular geometry: a 19 year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle consists of type-I (slow-twitch) and type-II (fast-twitch) fibers, with proportions highly variable between individuals and mostly determined by genetic factors. Cross-sectional studies have associated low percentage of type-I fibers (type-I%) with many cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We investigated whether baseline type-I% predicts left ventricular (LV) structure and function at 19-year follow-up, and if so, which are the

Jouko Karjalainen; Heikki Tikkanen; Miika Hernelahti; Urho M Kujala

2006-01-01

377

Homeopathic treatment of patients with chronic sinusitis: A prospective observational study with 8 years follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An evaluation of homeopathic treatment and the outcomes in patients suffering from sinusitis for ?12 weeks in a usual care situation. METHODS: Subgroup analysis including all patients with chronic sinusitis (ICD-9: 473.9; ?12 weeks duration) of a large prospective multicentre observational study population. Consecutive patients presenting for homeopathic treatment were followed-up for 2 years, and complaint severity, health-related quality

Claudia M Witt; Rainer Lüdtke; Stefan N Willich

2009-01-01

378

[Level of smoking of 3rd and 4th grade students studying health and related factors: follow-up study].  

PubMed

The levels of smoking of 1st and 2nd year students at Faculty of Medicine and Manisa School of Health at Celal Bayar University were investigated in 2006-2007. This study is carried out in order to see if there is a change in the same students' level of smoking while they are in 3rd and 4th year. In addition, the study aimed to examine the factors affecting the level of use and attitudes towards the law effectuated in July 19, 2009. This is a follow-up study with 80.42% return rate. A 26-item structured questionnaire was administered. The participants filled out the questionnaires under supervision of the researchers in their classrooms. The University Institutional Review Board approved the study. The total of participants (263) of the follow-up study included 189 female and 74 male. The rate of experimenting with smoking was 49% with the mean age of 15.7 (SD= 4.01 years). The mean age of experimenting with smoking was the earliest on male students studying at faculty of medicine. The level of smoking was found to be the most on females, studying at faculty of medicine and staying at the dormitory, with smoking parents (p< 0.05). The most important reason to begin smoking was curiosity (55.2%) while bad breath and yellowing of teeth were the reasons to quit (91.7%). 83.3% of the students thought that the law will be effective on quit smoking. The level of both experimenting and use of smoking has been increased over time. It is suggested that medical students' awareness about the danger of smoking should be raised at earlier grades. In addition, lectures should be offered to students at School of Health and they should be encouraged to unite in order to fight with smoking. PMID:22233305

Göktalay, Tu?ba; Cengiz Özyurt, Beyhan; Sakar Co?kun, Ay?in; Celik, Pinar

2011-01-01

379

Predicting outcome in patients with chronic stroke: findings of a 3-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is based on the findings of the FuPro-Stroke study (the Stroke section of the Functional Prognostification and disability study on neurological disorders), which is a multicentre, prospective cohort study among patients with stroke, who were included during inpatient rehabilitation. The aim of the research reported on in the present thesis was to investigate the long-term prognosis of chronic

I. G. L. van de Port

2006-01-01

380

Stability of childhood anxiety disorder diagnoses: a follow-up naturalistic study in psychiatric care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined the stability of major psychiatric disorders in pediatric psychiatric clinical populations. The\\u000a objective of this study was to examine the long-term stability of anxiety diagnoses starting with pre-school age children\\u000a through adolescence evaluated at multiple time points. Prospective cohort study was conducted of all children and adolescents\\u000a receiving psychiatric care at all pediatric psychiatric clinics belonging

Juan J. CarballoEnrique; Enrique Baca-Garcia; Carlos Blanco; M. Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez; Miguel A. Jimenez Arriero; Antonio Artes-Rodriguez; Moira Rynn; David Shaffer; Maria A. Oquendo

2010-01-01

381

Employment grade differences in cause specific mortality. A 25 year follow up of civil servants from the first Whitehall study  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE—To test the hypothesis that the association between socioeconomic status and mortality rates cuts across the major causes of death for middle aged and elderly men.?DESIGN—25 year follow up of mortality in relation to employment grade.?SETTING—The first Whitehall study.?PARTICIPANTS—18 001 male civil servants aged 40-69 years who attended the initial screening between 1967 and 1970 and were followed up for at least 25 years.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE—Specific causes of death.?RESULTS—After more than 25 years of follow up of civil servants, aged 40-69 years at entry to the study, employment grade differences still exist in total mortality and for nearly all specific causes of death. Main risk factors (cholesterol, smoking, systolic blood pressure, glucose intolerance and diabetes) could only explain one third of this gradient. Comparing the older retired group with the younger pre-retirement group, the differentials in mortality remained but were less pronounced. The largest decline was seen for chronic bronchitis, gastrointestinal diseases and genitourinary diseases.?CONCLUSIONS—Differentials in mortality persist at older ages for almost all causes of death.???Keywords: mortality; socioeconomic factors; cause of death.

van Rossum, C. T M; Shipley, M.; van de Mheen, H.; Grobbee, D.; Marmot, M.

2000-01-01

382

Overtime Work as a Predictor of Major Depressive Episode: A 5-Year Follow-Up of the Whitehall II Study  

PubMed Central

Background The association between overtime work and depression is still unclear. This study examined the association between overtime work and the onset of a major depressive episode (MDE). Methodology/Principal Findings Prospective cohort study with a baseline examination of working hours, psychological morbidity (an indicator of baseline depression) and depression risk factors in 1991–1993 and a follow-up of major depressive episode in 1997–1999 (mean follow-up 5.8 years) among British civil servants (the Whitehall II study; 1626 men, 497 women, mean age 47 years at baseline). Onset of 12-month MDE was assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) at follow-up. In prospective analysis of participants with no psychological morbidity at baseline, the odds ratio for a subsequent major depressive episode was 2.43 (95% confidence interval 1.11 to 5.30) times higher for those working 11+ hours a day compared to employees working 7–8 hours a day, when adjusted for socio-demographic factors at baseline. Further adjustment for chronic physical disease, smoking, alcohol use, job strain and work-related social support had little effect on this association (odds ratio 2.52; 95% confidence interval 1.12 to 5.65). Conclusions/Significance Data from middle-aged civil servants suggest that working long hours of overtime may predispose to major depressive episodes.

Virtanen, Marianna; Stansfeld, Stephen A.; Fuhrer, Rebecca; Ferrie, Jane E.; Kivimaki, Mika

2012-01-01

383

Long-term safety of budesonide nasal aerosol: a 5.5-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

The effects of prolonged treatment with intranasally applied budesonide was studied in twenty-four patients with perennial allergic or non-allergic rhinitis. Patients on continuous treatment were followed up for 5.5 years. At entry and follow-up visits, rhinoscopic findings, nasal symptom scores, blood chemistry, haematology, urine analysis and determination of plasma cortisol levels, before and after stimulation with ACTH (Synacthen, Ciba-Geigy AG, Basel, Switzerland), were registered. Biopsies of the nasal mucosa were taken before entry into the study, after 1 year of treatment, and after varying time intervals ranging from 2.5 to 5.5 years during the treatment. The biopsy specimens were examined blindly by an independent pathologist. The analyses revealed no histopathological changes in the nasal mucosa. All nasal symptom parameters assessed by the patients were significantly reduced from the baseline during the entire follow-up period. No clinically significant changes in the haematological and blood chemistry parameters were observed. Plasma cortisol analyses before and after challenge with ACTH revealed no influence on the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. The present study suggests that intranasal budesonide in the dose of 200-400 micrograms/day is also a safe treatment for prolonged treatment of perennial rhinitis. PMID:3396194

Pipkorn, U; Pukander, J; Suonpää, J; Mäkinen, J; Lindqvist, N

1988-05-01

384

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CODING: FOLLOW UP QUESTIONNAIRE (UA-D-11.0)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to define the coding strategy for the Follow Up Questionnaire. This questionnaire was developed for use in the Arizona NHEXAS project and the Border study. Household and individual follow-up data were combined in a single Follow-up Questionnaire data f...

385

Stresses Experienced By Psychiatrists and Their Role in Burnout: a National Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Many studies have looked at sources of stress in psychiatrists, yet the role played by different factors in the causation of burnout in psychiatrists remains unclear. We had two aims, first, to develop a predictive model for the onset of burnout. Second, we aimed to study the differences in the perception of what caused stress between psychiatrists who rated

Shailesh Kumar; Simon Hatcher; Gaelle Dutu; Jesse Fischer; Etuini Mau

2011-01-01

386

Students' Thinking and Alternative Conceptions of Transport Systems in Plants: A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to explore students' alternative conceptions and their associative thinking regarding internal transport in plants through administration of a refined diagnostic test. Questions of associative thinking and explanation were added to form a third tier of the previous two-tier test. The study found three terms related to…

Wang, Jing-Ru

2007-01-01

387

Adjustment to Spinal Cord Injury: A Comprehensive Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document reports a comprehensive followup study to describe postservice life status of former vocational rehabilitation clients and to develop an empirical index of postservice adjustment to spinal cord injury. Significant findings, conclusions, and implications are found at the beginning. The introduction section summarizes followup studies

Cook, Daniel; And Others

388

Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study: Second Follow-up Field Test Report, 1996. Technical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B:93) tracks the experiences of a cohort of recent college graduates, those who received the baccalaureate degree during the 1992-93 academic year and were first interviewed as part of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study. The experiences of this group in the areas of academic enrollment,…

Veldman, Cynthia; And Others

389

The Bounce Back Retention Program: One-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study provides results regarding the effectiveness of the Bounce Back Retention Program (BBRP), a semester-long voluntary course for students on academic probation (AP). This is the first phase of a longitudinal study of spring 2007 freshmen at San Diego State University (SDSU). Results were analyzed for three samples: 1) "AP BBRP-Credit"…

Hanger, Maria Andujo; Goldenson, Julie; Weinberg, Marsha; Schmitz-Sciborski, Amy; Monzon, Reynaldo

2012-01-01

390

Adjustment to University and Academic Performance: Brief Report of a Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study presents data that extend an earlier analysis of predictors of academic performance from one to three years. None of the adjustment and other psychosocial variables (help-seeking, academic motivation, self-esteem, perceived stress and perceived academic overload) could predict success at university at the end of three years of study.…

Petersen, Il-haam; Louw, Johann; Dumont, Kitty; Malope, Nomxolisi

2010-01-01

391

Adjustment to Spinal Cord Injury: A Comprehensive Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports a comprehensive followup study to describe postservice life status of former vocational rehabilitation clients and to develop an empirical index of postservice adjustment to spinal cord injury. Significant findings, conclusions, and implications are found at the beginning. The introduction section summarizes followup studies

Cook, Daniel; And Others

392

A 5 to 8 year follow-up study of the Rotaglide mobile bearing total knee arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

We report the medium-term outcomes of the Rotaglide mobile bearing total knee arthroplasty (RTK). Between 1994 and 1999, 357 RTK prostheses were implanted at our institution. Of 150 knees attending for follow-up, none had needed revision. Mean American Knee Society Score (AKSS), Oxford knee score and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score at 8 years were 153.6, 23.1 and 16.5, respectively. Radiological analysis revealed no prosthesis with signs of impending failure requiring revision. Survivorship was 100% in those attending. However, we are aware of two failures requiring revision, both of which were due to infection. We have no reported failures requiring revision due to aseptic loosening. This may be a result of the implant design. Limitations of the study include loss to follow-up and radiological analysis. The RTK gives good to excellent medium-term results and we support its continued use.

Kunasingam, Kumar; Ricketts, David; Bush, John

2008-01-01

393

Loss to follow-up occurs at all stages in the diagnostic and follow-up period among HIV-infected patients in Guinea-Bissau: a 7-year retrospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To describe loss to follow-up (LTFU) at all stages of the HIV programme. Design A retrospective cohort study. Setting The HIV clinic at Hospital National Simão Mendes in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau. Participants A total of 4080 HIV-infected patients. Outcome measures Baseline characteristics, percentages and incidence rates of LTFU as well as LTFU risk factors at four different stages: immediately after HIV diagnosis (stage 1), after the first CD4 cell count and before a follow-up consultation (stage 2), after a follow-up consultation for patients not eligible for antiretroviral treatment (ART; stage 3) and LTFU among patients on ART (stage 4). Results Almost one-third of the patients were lost to the programme before the first consultation where ART initiation is decided; during the 7-year observation period, more than half of the patients had been lost to follow-up (overall incidence rate=51.1 patients lost per 100 person-years). Age below 30?years at inclusion was a risk factor for LTFU at all stages of the HIV programme. The biggest risk factors were body mass index <18.5?kg/m2 (stage 1), male gender (stage 2), HIV-2 infection (stage 3) and CD4 cell count <200 cells/?L (stage 4). Conclusions In this study, LTFU constituted a major problem, and this may apply to other similar ART facilities. More than half of the patients were lost to follow-up shortly after enrolment, possibly implying a high mortality. Thus, retention should be given a high priority.

H?nge, Bo Langhoff; Jespersen, Sanne; Nordentoft, Pernille Bejer; Medina, Candida; da Silva, David; da Silva, Zacarias Jose; ?stergaard, Lars; Laursen, Alex Lund; Wejse, Christian

2013-01-01

394

Meanwhile, At Home: A Follow-up Study of Mentally Ill Vocational Rehabilitation Clients. Part II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An appendix to a study (May 1965-April 1968) of mentally ill clients of the California Department of Vocational Rehabilitation 2 years after case closure reproduces abbreviated copies of the two principal research instruments, a case record schedule and a...

F. T. Schlamp C. Raymond

1971-01-01

395

Gender differences in outcomes of acute mania: a 12-month follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to assess short-term (12 weeks) and long-term (12 months) gender differences in the outcomes of patients\\u000a experiencing an episode of mania in the course of bipolar disorder. European Mania in Bipolar Longitudinal Evaluation of Medication\\u000a was a 2-year, prospective, observational study of the outcomes of patients with a manic or mixed episode conducted in 14 European\\u000a countries. Data were

Laia Miquel; Judith Usall; Catherine Reed; Jordan Bertsch; Eduard Vieta; Ana González-Pinto; Jules Angst; Willem Nolen; Inge van Rossum; Josep Maria Haro

2011-01-01

396

Suicide following an inpatient hospitalization for a suicide attempt: a Canadian follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study contributes a Canadian perspective to a growing body of international studies examining suicide among cohorts\\u000a of suicide attempters, and a much more limited literature on the epidemiology of suicide in Canada. We evaluated the 13-year\\u000a mortality experience of a regional cohort of 876 first-ever inpatient hospital admissions for a suicide attempt admitted between\\u000a 1979 and 1981. Compared to

H. L. Holley; G. Fick; E. J. Love

1998-01-01

397

Suicidal ideation in the Finnish general population. A 12-month follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The epidemiology of suicidal ideation has remained a relatively unstudied area. The aim of this study was to investigate\\u000a the incidence, prevalence and persistence of and recovery from suicidal ideation in a sample of the Finnish general population.\\u000a Methods Postal questionnaires including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were mailed to the study subjects (n = 1,593) at baseline\\u000a and

J. Hintikka; T. Pesonen; P. Saarinen; A. Tanskanen; J. Lehtonen; H. Viinamäki

2001-01-01

398

A 35Year Follow-Up Study on Burnout Among Finnish Employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This three-wave 35-year prospective study used the Job Demands-Resources model and life course epidemiology to examine how life conditions in adolescence (1961–1963) through achieved educational level and working conditions in early adulthood (1985) may be indirectly related to job burnout 35 years later (1998). We used data (N = 511) from the Finnish Healthy Child study (1961–1963) to investigate the

Jari J. Hakanen; Arnold B. Bakker; Markku Jokisaari

2011-01-01

399

Parental Narratives About Genetic Testing for Hearing Loss: A One Year Follow Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies examine whether and how parental attitudes towards genetic testing change over time. In this study we interviewed\\u000a parents of 14 children with newly identified hearing loss at two time points: after referral to genetics and 1 year later.\\u000a Qualitative analyses of parental narratives indicate that parental attitudes did not change significantly over this time.\\u000a Parents who perceived genetic testing

Girija Kaimal; Annie G. Steinberg; Sara Ennis; Sue Moyer Harasink; Rachel Ewing; Yuelin Li

2007-01-01

400

Early Dexamethasone Therapy in Preterm Infants: A Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To study the outcome at 2-year corrected age of infants who participated in a double-blind controlled trial of early (<12 hours) dexa- methasone therapy for the prevention of chronic lung disease (CLD). Methods and Materials. A total of 133 children (70 in the control group, 63 in the dexamethasone-treated group) who survived the initial study period and lived to

S. Hsieh; Yu J. Lien; Tsu F. Yeh; Yuh J. Lin; Chao C. Huang; Yung J. Chen; Chyi H. Lin; Hong C. Lin

401

The validity of self-reports in a follow-up study with drug addicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reports continue to be the most commonly used method in studies on the effectiveness of treatments for drug addiction. Nevertheless, the validity of this procedure has been called into question, so that subjects' reports are often compared with data from other sources. This study compares the data collected from the self-reports of 207 subjects that had participated in a drug-free

Roberto Secades-Villa; José Ramón Fernández-Hermida

2003-01-01

402

Can Contrast Effects Regulate Emotions? A Follow-Up Study of Vital Loss Decisions  

PubMed Central

Although many studies focus on the how contrast effects can impact cognitive evaluations, the question of whether emotions are regulated by such contrast effects is still the subject of considerable debate, especially in the study of loss-related decisions. To address this gap in the literature, we designed three decision making loss conditions: (i) both losses are trivial (TT), (ii) one loss is trivial and the other loss is vital (TV), or (iii) one loss is trivial and the other loss is routine (TR). In study 1, which compared the difference between the negative emotion ratings in TT and TV, we found that negative emotions were affected by the contrast effects. In study 2, which compared the difference between the importance of trivial options in TT and TV, we found that the contrast effects differentially changed the importance of trivial options in the two conditions, which in turn down-regulated negative emotions. In study 3, the impact of decision difficulty was controlled by predetermining the items to be lost. In this study, we found that, when comparing the differences between the negative emotions of losing trivial options in TV and TR, the contrast effects still modulated the loss-related emotions. We concluded that the contrast effects could down-regulate emotions. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that contrast effects can alleviate negative affect in loss-related decision making. This study will enrich and extend the literature on emotion regulation theory, and it will provide a new cost-effective mitigation strategy for regulating negative emotions.

Liu, Xianyun; Luo, Jing

2012-01-01

403

Ten years of MODIS land surface phenology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Green leaf phenology, the study of seasonal leaf development, senescence and abscission, is known to be an indicator of climate change. Most studies based upon remote sensing, field studies and atmospheric CO2 measurements suggest a changing climate will lead to an earlier spring onset and longer growing season. These changes in phenology have important implications for ecosystem function and biosphere-atmosphere interactions. Phenological variability directly affects year-to-year variability in many aspects of land-atmosphere interactions, in particular carbon and water cycling, along with atmospheric boundary layer properties and dynamics. Despite the direct impact of phenology on ecosystem function, recent studies have shown that terrestrial biosphere models are typically unable to adequately explain the observed interannual variability in deciduous canopy phenology and associated lagged effects. Given the synoptic overview of satellite remote sensing data across both across space and time, remote sensing data is instrumental to understanding phenology at both landscape and global scales. In the current presentation, we give an overview of ten years of land surface phenology anomalies for Northern America, using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) phenology product. Focusing on anomalous phenological variability, we assess the ability of the MODIS phenology product to successfully capture differences in phenological regimes due to topography, or natural disturbances such as a late spring frost. We elucidate the driving forces behind these anomalies and examine possible implications in terms of carbon cycling and sequestration. The presented results therefore are prime candidates to further optimize and validate current day terrestrial biosphere models.

Hufkens, K.; Keenan, T. F.; Friedl, M.

2012-04-01

404

Arsenic Reduction in Drinking Water and Improvement in Skin Lesions: A Follow-Up Study in Bangladesh  

PubMed Central

Background: Chronic exposure to arsenic is associated with skin lesions. However, it is not known whether reducing arsenic exposure will improve skin lesions. Objective: We evaluated the association between reduced arsenic exposures and skin lesion recovery over time. Methods: A follow-up study of 550 individuals was conducted in 2009–2011 on a baseline population of skin lesion cases (n = 900) previously enrolled in Bangladesh in 2001–2003. Arsenic in drinking water and toenails, and skin lesion status and severity were ascertained at baseline and follow-up. We used logistic regression and generalized estimating equation (GEE) models to evaluate the association between log10-transformed arsenic exposure and skin lesion persistence and severity. Results: During the study period, water arsenic concentrations decreased in this population by 41% overall, and 65 individuals who had skin lesions at baseline had no identifiable lesions at follow-up. In the adjusted models, every log10 decrease in water arsenic and toenail arsenic was associated with 22% [odds ratio (OR) = 1.22; 95% CI: 0.85, 1.78] and 4.5 times (OR = 4.49; 95% CI: 1.94, 11.1) relative increase in skin lesion recovery, respectively. In addition, lower baseline arsenic levels were significantly associated with increased odds of recovery. A log10 decrease in toenail arsenic from baseline to follow-up was also significantly associated with reduced skin lesion severity in cases over time (mean score change of –5.22 units; 95% CI: –8.61, –1.82). Conclusions: Reducing arsenic exposure increased the odds that an individual with skin lesions would recover or show less severe lesions within 10 years. Reducing arsenic exposure must remain a public health priority in Bangladesh and in other regions affected by arsenic-contaminated water.

Seow, Wei Jie; Pan, Wen-Chi; Kile, Molly L.; Baccarelli, Andrea A.; Quamruzzaman, Quazi; Rahman, Mahmuder; Mahiuddin, Golam; Mostofa, Golam; Lin, Xihong

2012-01-01

405

Functional disability in medication management and driving among individuals with HIV: a 1-year follow-up study.  

PubMed

Approximately 50% of individuals with HIV report cognitive deficits that can affect social or occupational functioning. The present study used a longitudinal design (1 year) to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and incidental functional deficits in medication management and driving ability among a cohort of 101 HIV+ participants. Participants were classified into groups of functionally "stable" and "disabled" for each laboratory-based functional task (i.e., Medication Management Task-Revised, MMT-R, and PC-based driving simulator). We hypothesized that participants who exhibited a functional deficit in either MMT-R or driving at follow-up assessment would demonstrate significantly poorer baseline cognitive performance at study entry than participants who remained functionally stable. As hypothesized, participants who demonstrated significantly lower baseline performance in learning/memory and executive functioning also demonstrated functional disability on the MMT-R at follow-up when compared to functionally stable participants. Poor baseline performance in speed of information processing was associated with a deficit in driving ability at follow-up assessment. Our results suggest that lower baseline cognitive functioning predicts downstream functional disability, and that deficits in learning/memory and information processing speed are particularly predictive of deficits in medication management and driving ability. PMID:23237014

Thames, April D; Arentoft, Alyssa; Rivera-Mindt, Monica; Hinkin, Charles H

2012-12-14

406

Genome-wide linkage and follow-up association study of postpartum mood symptoms  

PubMed Central

Objective Family studies have suggested that postpartum mood symptoms might have a partly genetic etiology. The authors used a genome-wide linkage analysis to search for chromosomal regions that harbor genetic variants conferring susceptibility for such symptoms. The authors then fine-mapped their best linkage regions, assessing single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for genetic association with postpartum symptoms. Method Subjects were ascertained from two studies: the NIMH Genetics Initiative Bipolar Disorder project and the Genetics of Recurrent Early-Onset Depression. Subjects included women with a history of pregnancy, any mood disorder, and information about postpartum symptoms. In the linkage study, 1,210 women met criteria (23% with postpartum symptoms), and 417 microsatellite markers were analyzed in multipoint allele sharing analyses. For the association study, 759 women met criteria (25% with postpartum symptoms), and 16,916 SNPs in the regions of the best linkage peaks were assessed for association with postpartum symptoms. Results The maximum linkage peak for postpartum symptoms occurred on chromosome 1q21.3-q32.1, with a chromosome-wide significant likelihood ratio Z score (ZLR) of 2.93 (permutation p=0.02). This was a significant increase over the baseline ZLR of 0.32 observed at this locus among all women with a mood disorder (permutation p=0.004). Suggestive linkage was also found on 9p24.3-p22.3 (ZLR=2.91). In the fine-mapping study, the strongest implicated gene was HMCN1 (nominal p=0.00017), containing four estrogen receptor binding sites, although this was not region-wide significant. Conclusions This is the first study to examine the genetic etiology of postpartum mood symptoms using genome-wide data. The results suggest that genetic variations on chromosomes 1q21.3-q32.1 and 9p24.3-p22.3 may increase susceptibility to postpartum mood symptoms.

Mahon, PB; Payne, JL; MacKinnon, DF; Mondimore, FM; Goes, FS; Schweizer, B; Jancic, D; Coryell, WH; Holmans, PA; Shi, J; Knowles, JA; Scheftner, WA; Weissman, MM; Levinson, DF; DePaulo, JR; Zandi, PP; Potash, JB

2013-01-01

407

What do predict anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients? A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Psychological adjustment following cancer occurrence remains a key issue among the survivors. This study aimed to investigate\\u000a psychological distress in patients with breast cancer following completion of breast cancer treatments and to determine its\\u000a associated factors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  This was a prospective study of anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients. Anxiety and depression were measured using\\u000a the Hospital Anxiety

Mariam Vahdaninia; Sepideh Omidvari; Ali Montazeri

2010-01-01

408

Minimally invasive spinal surgery using nucleoplasty: a 1-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Nucleoplasty is a minimally invasive percutaneous intradiscal coblation therapy option in patients with chronic discogenic\\u000a low back pain. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the effectiveness of nucleoplasty in our patients up to\\u000a 1 year after treatment.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  All patients included in this study suffered from established back pain and\\/or radiating pain in the lower extremities. Age,\\u000a gender, weight,

Ferass Al-Zain; Johannes Lemcke; Tim Killeen; Ullrich Meier; Andreas Eisenschenk

2008-01-01

409

Cognitive Deficits Associated with Acquired Amusia after Stroke: A Neuropsychological Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent evidence on amusia suggests that our ability to perceive music might be based on the same neural resources that underlie other higher cognitive functions, such as speech perception and spatial processing. We studied the neural correlates of acquired amusia by performing extensive neuropsychological assessments on 53 stroke patients with a…

Sarkamo, Teppo; Tervaniemi, Mari; Soinila, Seppo; Autti, Taina; Silvennoinen, Heli M.; Laine, Matti; Hietanen, Marja

2009-01-01

410

Follow-up Analytic Study of a Three-City Upgrading Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study is reported of the longer term impact of high intensity training, 7 to 12 months after completion, particularly as to the wages of HIT trained workers who left the organization in which they had been trained; the educational experience was obtaine...

1971-01-01

411

The Impact of Arbitration Intervention Services on Psychosocial Functioning: A Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We report the impact of case management services on drug use and self-reported delinquency for youths involved in a clinical trial of the Juvenile Arbitration program. The project evaluated an innovative intervention service providing 16 weeks of intensive case management services to youths and their families. The present study examines interview…

Dembo, Richard; Wareham, Jennifer; Poythress, Norman G.; Cook, Brittany; Schmeidler, James

2006-01-01

412

Determinants of ochratoxin A exposure--a one year follow-up study of urine levels.  

PubMed

Dietary exposure to the ochratoxin A (OTA) occurring in Portugal is characterized by a high frequency of contamination of the consumed foodstuffs, although at low levels. The exposure bears significance for the total food consumed, and not for a particular one. Biomonitoring studies are thus fundamental in simplifying the evaluation of exposure, with no need to examine the entire range of consumed foodstuffs. Biomonitoring studies further allow the identification of host factors as predictors of OTA exposure in epidemiologic studies, the results of which are merited for targeting intervention strategies by public health authorities and advising official regulatory decisions. Using a longitudinal approach, this study examined factors related to OTA exposure in the adult population over a one-year period. Anthropometric measures, season of the year and region were the selected factors correlated with OTA exposure biomarker. Urine samples from 95 inhabitants from six Portuguese main geographical areas were assayed through spectrofluorimetric detection. Exposure to OTA proved to markedly increase in winter, and gender differences were observed only in summer, which might be related to different dietary patterns not only between seasons, but also between genders. The same rationale may also serve the observed statistically significant differences between some regions. No other strong association upon the remaining determinants under testing was observed. These observations reinforce the need for OTA exposure evaluation, possibly specifically targeting the staple foods or dietary habits that sustain potential predictors or determinants of exposure. PMID:22237049

Duarte, S C; Alves, M R; Pena, A; Lino, C M

2012-01-09

413

STAR Follow-Up Studies, 1996-1997: The Student/Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Student/Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) Project first investigated the effect of small class size on student achievement with over 6,000 Tennessee primary students in 1985 through 1989. The study found a consistent and significant benefit of small classes for all students, with the greatest advantages for minority, inner-city students from…

Pate-Bain, Helen; Boyd-Zaharias, Jayne; Cain, Van A.; Word, Elizabeth; Binkley, M. Edward

414

Physical Fitness of Adults with an Intellectual Disability: A 13-Year Follow-up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined changes in physical fitness of middle-aged adults with mental retardation over 13 years. The subjects had participated in a physical fitness study in 1983. They were re-evaluated for cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Fitness levels declined over the 13 years and were low…

Graham, Andrew; Reid, Greg

2000-01-01

415

The relation of parent alcoholism to adolescent substance use: A longitudinal follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study tested parent alcoholism effects on growth curves of adolescent substance use and examined whether parent and peer influences, temperamental emotionality and sociability, and stress and negative affect could explain parent alcoholism effects. Longitudinal latent growth curve modeling showed that adolescents with alcoholic fathers, boys, and adolescents with drug-using peers had steeper growth in substance use over time

Laurie Chassin; Patrick J. Curran; Andrea M. Hussong; Craig R. Colder

1996-01-01

416

Activity limitations among young adults with developmental disabilities: A population-based follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental disabilities are a heterogeneous group of chronic conditions that may result in substantial activity limitations. The type and number of limitations may vary by impairment characteristics. Economic and social constraints may impact activity limitations beyond those attributable to their impairment. Using the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), Disability, and Health conceptual framework, this study tests the hypothesis that activity

Kim Van Naarden Braun; Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp; Donald Lollar

2009-01-01

417

Persistence of bullying from childhood to adolescence—a longitudinal 8-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine factors associated with bullying and victimization from age 8 to 16.Method: An 8-year longitudinal study included questions about bullying and victimization at age 8 and 16. Children were evaluated with Rutter scales by parents and teachers and with the Child Depression Inventory filled in by the children at age 8. When the children were at the age

Andre Sourander; Leila Helstelä; Hans Helenius; Jorma Piha

2000-01-01

418

Allergy to mammal's meat in adult life: immunologic and follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Allergy to bovine meat and Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is exceptional, especially in the adult life. BSA is considered a minor allergen in cow's milk allergy, but there is little information about this antigen in reactions produced by other beef products as meat. To our knowledge, evolutive studies of beef's allergic patients have not been reported. Objective. To present one

V. Fuentes Aparicio; I. Sánchez Marcén; A. Pérez Montero; M. L. Baeza; M. de Barrio Fernández

2005-01-01

419

Conflict Resolution Patterns and Longevity of Adolescent Romantic Couples: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictors of longevity among 40 late adolescent romantic couples (mean age males=17.71 years; mean age females=17.18 years). Subjects were given a revealed differences task where they were asked to solve their disagreements. The joint task was recorded, transcribed and analysed by two raters. At 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24…

Shulman, Shmuel; Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka; Levran, Elisheva; Anbar, Shmuel

2006-01-01

420

Follow-Up Study of Schools Implementing Comprehensive School Reform in the Southwest. Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) programs were implemented in 1998 in five states working with the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL). SEDL's five-state region includes Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. This study examined the implementation status of CSR programs since funding ended. Two hundred and…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

421

Early predictors of career development: A 10-year follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents empirical findings from a 10-year longitudinal study of the educational and occupational socialization of 445 participants who were about 7 years old when first tested, and about 17 years old at the fourth time of measurement. In addition to collecting psychological measurements from the participants, behavioral reports were collected from significant others, specifically parents and teachers. Findings

Joaquim Armando Ferreira; Eduardo J. R. Santos; António C. Fonseca; Richard F. Haase

2007-01-01

422

Follow-up Study after Atrial Switch Operation for Complete Transposition of the Great Arteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Since the introduction of atrial switch operation, the outlook for patients with complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA has improved dramatically. However, many survivors are afflicted with postoperative complications and continue to demand medical attention. We therefore performed the study for the evaluation of the clinical course in the patients with complete TGA after atrial switch operation. Methods:We analyzed

Youn-Woo Kim; Chung-Il Noh; June Huh; Myung-Ja Yun; Ho-Sung Kim; Jung-Yun Choi; Yong-Soo Yun; Sei-Won Yang; Jeong-Ryul Lee; Yong-Jin Kim; Joon-Ryang Rho

423

UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTERS' FOLLOW?UP STUDY OF ADULT AND YOUNGER STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how adult students aged 25 or older at the time of leaving the two?year University of Wisconsin Centers compare to younger students in terms of their goals, where they go on to school, or the barriers to going on.More than 450 former Center students who left the Centers after the Spring 1979 or Spring 1980 semesters with

Dennis Fredrick

1985-01-01

424

A Comparative Follow-Up Study of B.S. Graduates in Criminal Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine if the students who graduated from Ferris State University (Michigan) with a bachelor's degree in criminal justice were satisfied with their education and career choices. A questionnaire was mailed to all graduates of Ferris State University's Bachelor's program in criminal justice between 1991 and 1994.…

Jamieson-Inderbitzin, Liselotte M.

425

Natural History of Thyroid Function in Adults with Down Syndrome--10-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The natural history of thyroid function in adults with Down syndrome (DS) is unknown. Method: This study investigated annual thyroid function tests in 200 adults with DS over a 10-year period. Results: Transient and persistent thyroid dysfunction was common. The 5- and 10-year incidence of definite hypothyroidism was 0.9%-1.64% and…

Prasher, V.; Gomez, G.

2007-01-01

426

Meanwhile, At Home: A Follow-up Study of Mentally Ill Vocational Rehabilitation Clients.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study (May 1965-April 1968) of 307 mentally ill clients 2 years after case closure found that, in general, the services were useful, especially for those who had received pre-release treatment and whose cases had been closed rehabilitated; 70% of these ...

F. T. Schlamp C. Raymond

1971-01-01

427

Emotional Psychopathology and Increased Adiposity: Follow-Up Study in Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on data from a three-year longitudinal study, we assess the effect, according to gender, of emotional psychopathology in preadolescence on anthropometric and body composition parameters in adolescence (N = 229). Psychopathology was assessed using the "Screen for Childhood Anxiety and Related Emotional Disorders, the Children's Depression…

Aparicio, Estefania; Canals, Josefa; Voltas, Nuria; Hernandez-Martinez, Carmen; Arija, Victoria

2013-01-01

428

Cognitive Deficits Associated with Acquired Amusia after Stroke: A Neuropsychological Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent evidence on amusia suggests that our ability to perceive music might be based on the same neural resources that underlie other higher cognitive functions, such as speech perception and spatial processing. We studied the neural correlates of acquired amusia by performing extensive neuropsychological assessments on 53 stroke patients with a…

Sarkamo, Teppo; Tervaniemi, Mari; Soinila, Seppo; Autti, Taina; Silvennoinen, Heli M.; Laine, Matti; Hietanen, Marja

2009-01-01

429

Follow-Up Study of Fiscal Year 1997 Occupational Program Graduates, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides information from graduates of selected occupational programs regarding the effectiveness of their Illinois community college experience. The study surveyed a pool of 2,190 occupational program graduates, which yielded a usable response rate of 58.6%. The majority of graduate respondents (64.5%) came from programs in four…

Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

430

School Bus Stop-Arm Violations in Florida: A Follow-Up Study. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the original stop-arm violation study completed in February 1996, the Florida Department of Education (DOE) and Florida's 67 school districts have been involved in various efforts to educate the motoring public about Florida's school bus stop law (F...

2000-01-01

431

Continuity of motivation in higher education: A three-year follow-up study 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the question how the quality of students' learning motivation changes within a period of 3 years. Of special interest is which conditions of the learning environment are responsible for the stability or respectively the change of learning motivation. Deci and Ryan's (2002) self-determination theory (SDT) provides the theoretical foundation of this paper. It allows a differentiated analysis

Florian H. Müller; Marko Palek

2005-01-01

432

Polybrominated diphenyl ether exposure to electronics recycling workers – a follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workers at an electronics recycling plant have previously been shown to have elevated serum levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) compared to referents without occupational PBDE exposure. Subsequent structural changes and industrial hygiene measures at the plant were applied to improve the work environment. The present study aims to assess the impact of these work environment changes on the occupational

Kaj Thuresson; Åke Bergman; Klaus Rothenbacher; Thomas Herrmann; Sverker Sjölin; Lars Hagmar; Olaf Päpke; Kristina Jakobsson

2006-01-01

433

FOLLOW UP STUDY OF CAREER-ORIENTED CURRICULUMS 1968--PHASE I, JOB ENTRY OR TRANSFER.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PHASE ONE OF THIS STUDY IS A FOLLOWUP, BEGINNING MARCH 1968, OF GRADUATES OF OCCUPATIONAL CURRICULUMS. OF THE 429 GRADUATES QUESTIONED, 211 (49.18 PERCENT) REPLIED. INFORMATION WAS SOUGHT ON THE JOBS THEY TOOK, THE SALARY RANGES, THE KIND OF FIRMS HIRING THEM, HOW MANY WENT ON TO 4-YEAR SCHOOLS, WHICH SCHOOLS THEY WENT TO, AND WHETHER ON A FULL-…

Suffolk County Community Coll., Selden, NY.

434

Blackfoot Disease in Taiwan: A 30Year Follow-up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blackfoot disease is an endemic peripheral vascular disease found among the inhabitants of a limited area on the southwest coast of Tai wan, where artesian well water with a high concentration of arsenic has been used for more than eighty years. The natural history of blackfoot dis ease, based on a prospective study of 1,300 patients, is presented. The overall

Wen-Ping Tseng

1989-01-01

435

Spontaneous abortions among dental assistants, factory workers, painters, and gardening workers: a follow up study.  

PubMed

This investigation was conducted to test the hypothesis that exposure of pregnant women to chemicals increases the risk of spontaneous abortion. The chemical risk factors under study to which dental assistants, factory workers, painters, and gardening workers were exposed were nitrous oxide, inorganic mercury, organic solvents, and pesticides. The study was carried out within the Danish county of Funen. It included all dental assistants employed in private or public dentistry. A comparable reference group was made up by employees less exposed to chemicals. Further study groups included all women painters within the county, women factory workers from selected factories, and about 50% of the women gardening workers within the county. Shop assistants and packers formed their control group. Information was obtained through a postal questionnaire study in May 1980 and from hospital records. Only among factory workers and painters was the odds ratio of spontaneous abortion found to be significantly increased. Neither among these women nor among dental assistants and gardening workers, however, was the reported exposure to any single chemical during pregnancy associated with a significantly increased odds ratio of spontaneous abortion. PMID:6747515

Heidam, L Z

1984-06-01

436

Developmental Enamel Defects in Children with Different Fluoride Supplementation – a Follow–Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intake of fluorides with water, food, dental fluoride preparations, or in particular fluoride supplements, such as NaF tablets, may lead to dental fluorosis. In the present study conducted in a nonfluoridated area in Germany, developmental enamel defects were examined using the Modified Developmental Defects of Enamel Index (Mod DDE Index), which subdivides enamel defects into the categories demarcated (Mod

G. Wilfart; G. Schmalz

1998-01-01

437

The Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP) Follow-up Study  

Cancer.gov

Study subjects were participants in the Breast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project (BCDDP), a breast cancer screening program conducted between 1973 and 1980. Sponsored by the American Cancer Society and the NCI, the BCDDP provided up to five annual breast examinations to 283,222 women at 29 screening centers in 27 cities throughout the United States.

438

Educational Goal Attainment: A One-Year Follow-Up Study of Nonreturning JCCC Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, a study was conducted at Johnson County Community College (JCCC), in Kansas, of "leavers," those students who were once enrolled at JCCC, but did not graduate, transfer to another institution, or complete a career program. Questionnaires were mailed to 1,860 students identified as leavers who had been enrolled at JCCC during fall 1990,…

Conklin, Karen A.

439

Religious Explanatory Models in Patients with Psychosis: A Three-Year Follow-Up Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: Spirituality and religiousness have been shown to be highly prevalent in patients with psychosis. Yet the influence of religious denomination as it affects coping methods and\\/or as an explanatory model for illness and treatment remains to be determined. This study aims (1) to investigate if religious denomination is associated with explanatory models, (2) to assess the evolution over time

P. Huguelet; S. Mohr; C. Gilliéron; P.-Y. Brandt; L. Borras

2010-01-01

440

Pubertal Timing and Substance Use in Middle Adolescence: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Earlier research has associated early puberty with emotional and behavioral symptoms particularly among girls, while among boys, findings have been contradictory as to whether risks are associated with early or late pubertal timing. We studied the association between pubertal timing and substance use behaviors in middle adolescence in a 2-year…

Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; Marttunen, Mauri; Frojd, Sari

2011-01-01

441

Bilateral deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease: a multicentre study with 4 years follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is associated with significant improvement of motor complications in patients with severe Parkinson's disease after some 6-12 months of treatment. Long-term results in a large number of patients have been reported only from a single study centre. We report 69 Parkinson's disease patients treated with bilateral DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN, n= 49) or globus

M. C. Rodriguez-Oroz; J. A. Obeso; A. E. Lang; J.-L. Houeto; P. Pollak; S. Rehncrona; J. Kulisevsky; A. Albanese; J. Volkmann; M. I. Hariz; N. P. Quinn; J. D. Speelman; J. Guridi; I. Zamarbide; A. Gironell; J. Molet; B. Pascual-Sedano; B. Pidoux; A. M. Bonnet; Y. Agid; J. Xie; A.-L. Benabid; A. M. Lozano; J. Saint-Cyr; L. Romito; M. F. Contarino; M. Scerrati; V. Fraix; N. Van Blercom

2005-01-01

442

Psychological follow-up study of 5-year-old ICSI children  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The developmental outcomes of children born after ICSI are still a matter of concern. The purpose of the present study was to investigate psychological outcomes for 5-year-old children born after ICSI and compare these with outcomes for children born after spontaneous conception (SC). METHODS: Three hundred singleton children born after ICSI in Belgium, Sweden and the USA were matched

I. Ponjaert-Kristoffersen; T. Tjus; J. Nekkebroeck; J. Squires; D. Verte; M. Heimann

2004-01-01