Sample records for tertiary level science

  1. Algebra at the Tertiary Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbeau, Edward

    1995-01-01

    Presents a summary report of the Algebra Working Group's discussion subgroup on tertiary algebra at the Seventh International Conference on Mathematical Education held in Quebec City, Canada in August 1992. (MKR)

  2. Understanding and Enhancing Learning Communities in Tertiary Education in Science and Engineering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forret, Michael; Eames, Chris; Coll, Richard

    2007-01-01

    This research aims to build upon current research in the area of teaching and learning at tertiary level and explore the nature of learning communities in tertiary science and engineering. This study uses a sociocultural approach to address the following question: "What are teachers' and learners' perceptions of the nature of the learning…

  3. Accountability of Tertiary Education at the National Level: A Chimera?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay, Alan; O'Byrne, Garry

    1979-01-01

    The concept of accountability and its application to Australian higher education are discussed. It is suggested that due to political, financial, and educational characteristics of tertiary education at the national system level there are fundamental and insoluble problems associated with achieving accountability. (SF)

  4. Tertiary-Level Telehealth: A Media Space Application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Duncan Roderick Stevenson

    2011-01-01

    A media space provides the communications channels to support the interactions between people at different locations using\\u000a video and audio links and shared access to data. This paper looks at a telehealth implementation of outpatient consultations\\u000a for tertiary-level paediatric surgical patients, consultations which exercise a high degree of interpersonal and data-sharing\\u000a communication between the participants. Framing the telehealth situation as

  5. Attitudes of Tertiary Students towards a Group Project in a Science Unit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartle, Emma K.; Dook, Jan; Mocerino, Mauro

    2011-01-01

    This study focused on the attitude of tertiary students, in a science discipline, towards completing collaborative learning tasks. Two samples of students, enrolled in different units across different tertiary institutions, were considered. Students in sample 1 were required to work in small groups to produce an information poster on an allocated…

  6. Mathematical Under-Preparedness: The Influence of the Pre-Tertiary Mathematics Experience on Students' Ability to Make a Successful Transition to Tertiary Level Mathematics Courses in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hourigan, M.; O'Donoghue, J.

    2007-01-01

    Internationally, the consequences of the "Mathematics problem" are a source of concern for the education sector and governments alike. Growing consensus exists that the inability of students to successfully make the transition to tertiary level mathematics education lies in the substantial mismatch between the nature of entrants' pre-tertiary

  7. HIGH LEVELS OF MONOAROMATIC COMPOUNDS LIMIT THE USE OF SOLID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION OF METHYL TERTIARY BUTYL ETHER AND TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL

    EPA Science Inventory

    Recently, two papers reported the use of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) with polydimethylsiloxane(PDMS)/Carboxen fibers to determine trace levels of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and tertiary butyl alcohol (tBA) in water. Attempts were made to apply this technique to th...

  8. INDIGENOUS EDUCATION STATEMENT The Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (the Department

    E-print Network

    University of Technology, Sydney

    INDIGENOUS EDUCATION STATEMENT OVERVIEW The Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary Education (the Department of Innovation) requires information from higher education providers achievement in higher education. These responsibilities include assessing and reporting on progress towards

  9. An Integrated Skills Approach Using Feature Movies in EFL at Tertiary Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuncay, Hidayet

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a case study based on an integrated skills approach using feature movies (DVDs) in EFL syllabi at the tertiary level. 100 students took part in the study and the data was collected through a three - section survey questionnaire: demographic items, 18 likert scale questions and an open-ended question. The data…

  10. Evaluation of Tertiary Level Institutions: A Reference System and Basic Instruments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Bertoni, Alicia N. L.; de Margurno, Josefina A. S.

    A conceptual framework and practical approach are presented focusing on the possibility of making an evaluation of tertiary educational institutions by means of different levels, categories, and criteria of analysis. The paper is a preliminary reference design of evaluation whose theoretical approach is summarized with a more extensive…

  11. Teacher-Student Verbal Interaction Patterns at the Tertiary Level of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inamullah, Hafiz Muhammad; Ud din, M. Naseer; Hussain, Ishtiaq

    2008-01-01

    The main objective of the proposed study was to explore Teacher--Student verbal interaction patterns at tertiary level education in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan using Flanders' Interaction Analysis system. This study was significant because its findings and conclusions may stimulate teachers to improve their teaching behaviour in…

  12. English as a Foreign Language Instructors' Induction: Early Practices of Language Teachers Teaching at Tertiary Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozturk, Mustafa; Yildirim, Ali

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the nature of the induction process of English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers teaching at tertiary level through individual interviews. In order to gather intended data, fifteen novice instructors teaching at four different public universities in Ankara were interviewed on a basis of two criteria: (a) having 1…

  13. Effects of Glosses on Vocabulary Gain and Retention among Tertiary Level EFL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Azari, Foroogh; Abdullah, Faiz Sathi; Heng, Chan Swee; Hoon, Tan Bee

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on a study that aimed to investigate the effects of textual glosses on the lexical development of EFL learners. Given the importance of the English language for tertiary level study, it is necessary for EFL learners to read independently and to acquire the vocabulary they need for disciplinary study. Many studies have reported…

  14. Cross-National Differences in Participating in Tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annemarie van Langen; Hetty Dekkers

    Summary In many western countries attention is currently being given to the participation of students in tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. This is a result of internationally competing economic ambitions, coupled with acute shortages on the STEM labour market, a declining interest among students for STEM education and a long-lasting under-representation of women. However, despite similarities concerning

  15. Cross?national differences in participating in tertiary science, technology, engineering and mathematics education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annemarie van Langen; Hetty Dekkers

    2005-01-01

    In many western countries attention is currently being given to the participation of students in tertiary Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. This is a result of internationally competing economic ambitions, coupled with acute shortages on the STEM labour market, a declining interest among students for STEM education and a long?lasting under?representation of women. However, despite similarities concerning policy

  16. Issues of teaching science to nurses in the tertiary sector

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strube, Paul

    1991-12-01

    The shift of nurse education from the hospitals to higher education institutions has resulted in a large pool of students within the Universities requiring basic science instruction. Most of these students are female, often mature age, with limited science backgrounds. This paper discusses the type of science education demanded by the nursing profession, the view of science as a subject held by these students, and the key role played by constructivist thinking in dealing with both of these.

  17. Science Curriculum Guide, Level 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newark School District, DE.

    The third of four levels in a K-12 science curriculum is outlined. In Level 3 (grades 6-8), science areas include life science, earth science, and physical science (physics and chemistry). Conveniently listed are page locations for educational and instructional objectives, cross-referenced to science area (i.e., life science, animals, genetics)…

  18. Indwelling urinary catheters: pattern of use in a public tertiary-level Australian hospital.

    PubMed

    So, Karina; Habashy, David; Doyle, Breda; Chan, Lewis

    2014-01-01

    An audit of charts from patients identified as having an indwelling urinary catheter (IDC) was conducted in a 450-bed, tertiary level hospital (Concord Repatriation General Hospital) in Australia. Documentation of relevant information regarding IDC in the medical record included indication for catheterization, insertion and removal dates, use of antibiotics, place of insertion, designation of inserter, catheter type, availability of IDC kits, and use of catheter fixation devices. PMID:24919244

  19. Emotions or Science? Pre-Tertiary Males' Accounts of Psychology as a Subject Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercer, Jenny; Sander, Paul; Williams, Stella; Jones, Tim

    2013-01-01

    It is well established that the number of males studying psychology in the UK, both at A-level and on degree courses, is disproportionately low compared to females. There is a paucity of research, however, which discusses how psychology is viewed by this group. The present study employed focus groups with 35 pre-tertiary males (some of whom were…

  20. Customer satisfaction survey with clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services at a tertiary care unit level.

    PubMed

    Koh, Young Rae; Kim, Shine Young; Kim, In Suk; Chang, Chulhun L; Lee, Eun Yup; Son, Han Chul; Kim, Hyung Hoi

    2014-09-01

    We performed customer satisfaction surveys for physicians and nurses regarding clinical laboratory services, and for outpatients who used phlebotomy services at a tertiary care unit level to evaluate our clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services. Thus, we wish to share our experiences with the customer satisfaction survey for clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services. Board members of our laboratory designed a study procedure and study population, and developed two types of questionnaire. A satisfaction survey for clinical laboratory services was conducted with 370 physicians and 125 nurses by using an online or paper questionnaire. The satisfaction survey for phlebotomy services was performed with 347 outpatients who received phlebotomy services by using computer-aided interviews. Mean satisfaction scores of physicians and nurses was 58.1, while outpatients' satisfaction score was 70.5. We identified several dissatisfactions with our clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services. First, physicians and nurses were most dissatisfied with the specimen collection and delivery process. Second, physicians and nurses were dissatisfied with phlebotomy services. Third, molecular genetic and cytogenetic tests were found more expensive than other tests. This study is significant in that it describes the first reference survey that offers a survey procedure and questionnaire to assess customer satisfaction with clinical laboratory and phlebotomy services at a tertiary care unit level. PMID:25187892

  1. The Role of Tone-Management in Improving Classroom Interaction in a Tertiary-Level EFL Teaching Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubdy, Rani; Hui, Leng

    2003-01-01

    Investigates what constitutes effective and ineffective tone management in English-as-a-Foreign-Language classrooms with specific reference to tertiary level context in China. Findings indicate that effective tone management is likely to lead to a more congenial and contingent pattern of classroom interaction, where students become symmetrical…

  2. A Changing Paradigm in Language Planning: English-Medium Instruction Policy at the Tertiary Level in Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ali, Nor Liza

    2013-01-01

    The literature shows that English-medium instruction (EMI) programmes at the tertiary level in various parts of the world have positioned EMI as a language-planning tool to promote students' mastery of English. English proficiency is believed to be intertwined with the overall economic development of a country. In addition to internationalising…

  3. Demographics of Thoracolumbar Fracture in Indian Population Presenting to a Tertiary Level Trauma Centre

    PubMed Central

    Khurjekar, Ketan; Hadgaonkar, Shailesh; Kothari, Ajay; Raut, Rishikesh; Krishnan, Vibhu; Sancheti, Parag

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Purpose Spine traumata are devastating injuries, which may result in serious disabilities and dire consequences. The current study involves a detailed analysis and description of patients, who were operated at a tertiary care, urban level 1 Spine Centre in India. Overview of Literature Various studies in literature have discussed the epidemiology and patterns of these injuries in trauma patients. However, literature describing the demographic profile and distribution of these traumata in the Indian population is scarce. Methods The current study was conducted as a prospective trial involving patients, who were treated at our Spine Centre in India between July 2009 to December 2012. We studied 92 patients with thoraco-lumbar spine fracture, who were operated with short or long segment posterior stabilization. Epidemiological details, pre- and post-hospitalisation care received and other injury pattern factors were studied. Results Fall from height (46 patients, 50%) was the most common mechanism observed in the patients. Sixty-three percent injuries belonged to AO type A fractures, while 16.2% and 19.4% of the patients had suffered from AO types B and C injuries, respectively. Conclusions We identified interesting epidemiological data and prevailing inadequacies in Emergency Spine care management in the study patients. These observations could facilitate implementation of the changes required to improve current standards of patient care.

  4. Effect of Constructivist-Based Teaching Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Integrated Science at the Junior Secondary School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.

    2010-01-01

    Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…

  5. A Study of First-Year Chemistry Students' Understanding of Solution Concentration at the Tertiary Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Berg, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on students' understanding of sugar concentration in aqueous solutions presented in two different modes: a visual submicroscopic mode for particles and a verbal mode referring to macroscopic amounts of sugar. One hundred and forty-five tertiary college students studying some form of first-year chemistry participated in the…

  6. Student Attitudes to the Learning of English at Secondary and Tertiary Levels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Anson; Lau, Lucas

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the attitudes students have towards English before and after their tertiary studies. Follows 35 students in their university studies and provides another avenue for examining the language situation in Hong Kong. Findings suggest that students were generally comfortable with the language environments and courses offered in secondary and…

  7. Making a Map of Science: General Systems Theory as a Conceptual Framework for Tertiary Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulyaev, Sergei A.; Stonyer, Heather R.

    2002-01-01

    Develops an integrated approach based on the use of general systems theory (GST) and the concept of 'mapping' scientific knowledge to provide students with tools for a more holistic understanding of science. Uses GST as the core methodology for understanding science and its complexity. Discusses the role of scientific community in producing…

  8. Emulsifying and interfacial properties of vicilins: role of conformational flexibility at quaternary and/or tertiary levels.

    PubMed

    Liang, Han-Ni; Tang, Chuan-He

    2013-11-20

    Although the functionality of plant proteins (and soy proteins in particular) has been widely investigated in the last decades, the importance of conformational characteristics to their functionalities is still far away from being understood. The aim of the present work was to unravel the role of conformational flexibility at the quaternary and/or tertiary levels in the emulsifying and interfacial properties of phaseolin, an ideal vicilin (or 7S globulin) from red kidney bean. The conformational flexibility at quaternary and tertiary levels of phaseolin was modulated by urea with increasing concentrations from 0 to 8 M, as characterized by using dynamic light scattering (DLS), intrinsic fluorescence and derivative UV spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The emulsifying and interfacial properties, including emulsifying ability, flocculated state of oil droplets (in fresh emulsions), emulsion stability against creaming, and adsorption dynamics at the oil-water interface, were characterized at a specific protein concentration of 0.5% (w/v). The results indicated that increasing the urea concentration resulted in a progressive dissociation of trimeric phaseolin molecules into monomeric subunits, and even a structural unfolding of dissociated subunits; the urea-induced conformational changes at quaternary and/or tertiary levels were reversible, and the molecules at high urea concentrations shared similar structural features to the "molten globule state". On the other hand, increasing the urea concentration progressively improved the emulsifying ability of the protein, and flocculated extent of oil droplets in the fresh emulsions, but led to a progressive decrease in interfacial protein concentration. The improvement of the emulsifying ability was not related to diffusion (during initial adsorption) and penetration at the interface, but highly dependent on ease of structural rearrangement of the adsorbed proteins. These observations clearly confirmed that the flexibility of phaseolin at quaternary and/or tertiary levels plays a vital role in its emulsifying ability, mainly through the way of affecting the ease of structural rearrangement of adsorbed proteins at the interface. The findings could provide an in-depth understanding of the importance of conformational flexibility for the emulsifying properties of oligomeric storage globulins, and thus are of great help to guide the modifications of the proteins for better emulsifying properties. PMID:24151988

  9. Effects of Small-Group Reading Instruction and Curriculum Differences for Students Most at Risk in Kindergarten: Two-Year Results for Secondary- and Tertiary-Level Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamps, Debra; Abbott, Mary; Greenwood, Charles; Wills, Howard; Veerkamp, Mary; Kaufman, Jorun

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the implementation of small-group reading instruction as secondary- and tertiary-level components of a three-tier model of prevention and intervention. The study consisted of 83 students who were targeted in the winter of kindergarten as being at high risk for reading failure. Intervention consisted of evidence-based…

  10. A Report on Language Problems of Tertiary Level Students Using English as a Second Language in Papua New Guinea. Teaching Methods and Materials Centre Research Report 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, R. K.; And Others

    This is a collection of comments and research on the problems of students studying at the tertiary level through the medium of a second language. It includes sections on vacabulary, reading skills, syntax, and speech. It also contains several studies of actual students and conditions at the University of Papua and New Guinea. (HW)

  11. Biostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic, and stratigraphic sequence analysis of Lower Tertiary marine sediments of Alabama for indicators of sea-level change

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, P.R. (ARCO Oil and Gas Co., Plano, TX (United States)); Baum, G.R. (ARCO Alaska, Inc., Anchorage (United States))

    1991-03-01

    Early Eocene to late Oligocene marine sedimentary units in southwestern Alabama were sampled at closely spaced intervals to derive a precise time-stratigraphic framework and to determine the paleoecological and mineralogical responses to fluctuations in sea level. Paleontologic control consisted of planktonic, smaller and larger benthonic foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellates, and megafossils. Paleomagnetic reversals were delineated in two boreholes which, when supplemented by strontium isotope dates and the biostratigraphic control, provided a robust in situ chronostratigraphy for the Gulf Coast lower Tertiary. Paleoecologic trends in regression and transgression can be clearly correlated across major regional facies changes. Using the chronostratigraphy developed here, the second-, third-, and fourth-orders of Vail's global sea-level cycles can be recognized and demonstrate the influence of sea-level change on sedimentation. Stratigraphic systems tracts (SSTs) and bounding surfaces in outcrop were determined by lithologic variations and paleoecologic trends, and additionally by gamma logs in the cores. The lower sequence boundary occurs at a contact where an older, relatively fine-grained, deep-water, fossiliferous unit was abruptly succeeded by a coarse-grained, shallow-water, poorly fossiliferous unit. The transgressive surface occurs at the base of a fining- and deepening-upwards unit that was commonly glauconitic and very fossiliferous. Transgression culminated with a pulse of planktonic microfossils in a bed having reduced clastic sedimentation; on the log the surface of maximum starvation was marked by a gamma spike.

  12. High-level and novel mechanisms of carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from tertiary hospitals in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ogbolu, D O; Webber, M A

    2014-05-01

    To determine the occurrence and molecular basis of carbapenem resistance in Gram-negative bacteria from tertiary hospitals in Nigeria, 182 non-duplicate Gram-negative bacterial isolates were investigated for antimicrobial susceptibility, presence of carbapenemases (tested phenotypically and genotypically), random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) typing, plasmid sizing and replicon typing. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of carbapenems showed a high degree of resistance, with 67 isolates (36.8%) being resistant to all carbapenems, of which 40 (59.7%) produced enzymes able to hydrolyse imipenem. PCR and sequencing identified only 10 isolates (5.5%) carrying known carbapenemase genes, including bla(NDM), bla(VIM) and bla(GES). The majority of phenotypically carbapenem-resistant and carbapenemase-producing isolates did not carry a known carbapenemase gene. Transconjugant or transformant plasmid sizes were estimated to be 115 kb for bla(NDM)- and 93 kb for bla(VIM)-carrying plasmids. These plasmids were untypeable for replicon/incompatibility and transferred various other genes including plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes and bla(CTX-M-15). Typing showed that the isolates in this study were not clonally related. There is a high level of carbapenem resistance in Nigeria. As well as the globally relevant carbapenemases (bla(NDM), bla(VIM) and bla(GES)), there are other unknown gene(s) or variant(s) in circulation able to hydrolyse carbapenems and confer high-level resistance. PMID:24613608

  13. Natural background levels and threshold values for groundwater in fluvial Pleistocene and Tertiary marine aquifers in Flanders, Belgium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coetsiers, Marleen; Blaser, Petra; Martens, Kristine; Walraevens, Kristine

    2009-05-01

    Aquifers from the same typology can have strongly different groundwater chemistry. Deducing the groundwater quality of less well-characterized aquifers from well-documented aquifers belonging to the same typology should be done with great reserve, and can only be considered as a preliminary approach. In the EU’s 6th FP BRIDGE project “Background cRiteria for the IDentification of Groundwater thrEsholds”, a methodology for the derivation of threshold values (TV) for groundwater bodies is proposed. This methodology is tested on four aquifers in Flanders of the sand and gravel typology. The methodology works well for all but the Ledo-Paniselian aquifer, where the subdivision into a fresh and saline part is disproved, as a gradual natural transition from fresh to saline conditions in the aquifer is observed. The 90 percentile is proposed as natural background level (NBL) for the unconfined Pleistocene deposits, ascribing the outliers to possible influence of pollution. For the Tertiary aquifers, high values for different parameters have a natural origin and the 97.7 percentile is preferred as NBL. The methodology leads to high TVs for parameters presenting low NBL, when compared to the standard used as a reference. This would allow for substantial anthropogenic inputs of these parameters.

  14. A single center multioperator initial experience of 4195 patients at a primary radial intervention program in a tertiary level center

    PubMed Central

    Gokhroo, Rajendra K.; Kaushik, Satish K.; Padmanabhan, Deepak; Bisht, Devendra; Gupta, Sajal

    2014-01-01

    Background There has been an increase the acceptability and the number of the procedures via the radial approach. We present our experience pertaining to the clinical characteristics, procedural details and post procedural outcome of patients undergoing radial artery access, coronary angiographies over a period of 4 years at a primary care tertiary level center. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis of all the coronary artery procedures during the last 4 years was done and the various parameters related to these procedures noted. Results In 4195 procedures performed, success in radial artery procedures was achieved in 3975 (94.8%) procedures. The average puncture time and total procedure time was 9.5 + 3 min (min) and 15 + 2.5 min in the initial 500 patients, whereas the times taken in the final 695 patients were just 1.5 + 0.5 min and 3.0 + 1.5 min respectively. The total fluoroscopy time was not significantly different among the groups, when performed by an operator with training in the femoral route for angiography. Cardiology fellows needed more fluoroscopy time when mastering the radial route. Crossover of access sites was seen in 220 patients (5.2%). Conclusions After 100 procedures, radial access coronary angiographies take less than 4.5 min, with first attempt radial artery access and negligible complication rates. Prior experience of coronary angiography helps in the reduction of fluoroscopy time during the learning curve. PMID:24814110

  15. The Importance of Production: An Expanding Focus in Secondary and Tertiary Science Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seale, T. S.

    1983-01-01

    Encourages science educators to consider engaging students in science projects resulting in socially useful products. Educational presentations meant to perform social functions (soft products) and preparation/execution of environmental manipulations (hard products) such as pollution analysis, plant breeding, or administering medical tests are…

  16. Cultural Differences of Female Enrollment in Tertiary Education in Computer Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Britta Schinzel

    2002-01-01

    Since the establishment of computer science courses within the last 30-40 years both female enrollment and its development differ strongly between various continents, countries, cultures, religions and languages. It is very remarkable that female participation is extremely low in German (and Dutch) speaking countries, in Scandinavian countries and Great Britain, but that this is not the case to the same

  17. Ciencia: Nivel A (Science: Level A).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duron, Dolores; And Others

    A teacher's manual was developed for an elementary level science course in Spanish as part of an immersion program for English speaking children. The Level A manual is designed for kindergarten and grade 1 pupils. The five units cover the basic concepts of the weather, colors, animals, plants, and the five senses. Each unit includes vocabulary,…

  18. Hydrogeology, groundwater levels, and generalized potentiometric-surface map of the Green River Basin lower Tertiary aquifer system, 2010–14, in the northern Green River structural basin

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Bartos, Timothy T.; Hallberg, Laura L.; Miller, Cheryl E.

    2015-01-01

    The groundwater-level measurements were used to construct a generalized potentiometric-surface map of the Green River Basin lower Tertiary aquifer system. Groundwater-level altitudes measured in nonflowing and flowing wells used to construct the potentiometric-surface map ranged from 6,451 to 7,307 feet (excluding four unmeasured flowing wells used for contour construction purposes). The potentiometric-surface map indicates that groundwater in the study area generally moves from north to south, but this pattern of flow is altered locally by groundwater divides, groundwater discharge to the Green River, and possibly to a tributary river (Big Sandy River) and two reservoirs (Fontenelle and Big Sandy Reservoirs).

  19. Assessment and Evaluation: Middle Level Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This reference for teachers describes the phases of the evaluation process, assessing student progress, student assessment in science, performance-based evaluation in science, record-keeping, program evaluation, and curriculum evaluation. It contains many "how-tos" for teachers. The reader is guided through the evaluation process phases, which include preparation, assessment, evaluation, and reflection. In the preparation stage, the teacher is given examples of what is good to evaluate. The assessment stage helps the evaluator to identify information-gathering strategies, construct or select instruments, administer them to the student, and collect information on student learning progress. In the evaluation phase, the information gathered is used to make judgements about student progress. And in the reflection phase, the evaluator decides what was or was not useful from the previous three phases. The document also has a chart detailing what types of evaluation methods are good for evaluating specific skills. For example, a portfolio is suggested for use in understanding a student's grasp of key concepts and science processes, as well as the student's values and attitudes. The sections on program and curriculum evaluation discuss how the Saskatchewan Board of Education is revamping its middle-level science program and lists what they will do and why they feel it will work to improve science education in that province.

  20. Descriptive Epidemiology of Unintentional Burn Injuries Admitted to a Tertiary-Level Government Hospital in Nepal: Gender-Specific Patterns.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Narayan Prasad; Duke, Janine M; Lama, Bir Bahadur; Thapa, Buland; Dahal, Peeyush; Bariya, Nara Devi; Marston, Wendy; Wallace, Hilary J

    2015-07-01

    This study describes the epidemiology of unintentional adult burn injury admissions in a tertiary hospital in Nepal, from 2002 to 2013, focusing on gender-specific patterns. Chi-square tests and Wilcoxon Rank Sum tests were performed. There were 819 unintentional burn admissions: 52% were male and 58% younger than 35 years. The median percentage total body surface area burned (interquartile range) was greater in females than in males (P < .001): 28% (17-40) versus 20% (12-35), and female mortality was higher (32% vs 11%). A higher proportion females were illiterate than males (48% vs 17%). Burns occurred at home (67%), work (28%), and public places (5%); gender-specific patterns were observed. Flame burns accounted for 77%, electricity 13%, and scalds 8%. Kerosene (31%) and biomass (27%) were the major fuels. Cooking, heating, and lighting were the main activities associated with burn injury. Results support interventions to reduce the use of open fires and kerosene and to promote electrical safety. PMID:25957289

  1. System-level musings about system-level science (Invited)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, W.

    2009-12-01

    In teleology, a system has a purpose. In physics, a system has a tendency. For example, a mechanical system has a tendency to lower its potential energy. A thermodynamic system has a tendency to increase its entropy. Therefore, if geospace is seen as a system, what is its tendency? Surprisingly or not, there is no simple answer to this question. Or, to flip the statement, the answer is complex, or complexity. We can understand generally why complexity arises, as the geospace boundary is open to influences from the solar wind and Earth’s atmosphere and components of the system couple to each other in a myriad of ways to make the systemic behavior highly nonlinear. But this still begs the question: What is the system-level approach to geospace science? A reductionist view might assert that as our understanding of a component or subsystem progresses to a certain point, we can couple some together to understand the system on a higher level. However, in practice, a subsystem can almost never been observed in isolation with others. Even if such is possible, there is no guarantee that the subsystem behavior will not change when coupled to others. Hence, there is no guarantee that a subsystem, such as the ring current, has an innate and intrinsic behavior like a hydrogen atom. An absolutist conclusion from this logic can be sobering, as one would have to trace a flash of aurora to the nucleosynthesis in the solar core. The practical answer, however, is more promising; it is a mix of the common sense we call reductionism and awareness that, especially when strongly coupled, subsystems can experience behavioral changes, breakdowns, and catastrophes. If the stock answer to the systemic tendency of geospace is complexity, the objective of the system-level approach to geospace science is to define, measure, and understand this complexity. I will use the example of magnetotail dynamics to illuminate some key points in this talk.

  2. Kindergarten Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for kindergarten students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, kindergarten benchmarks, assessments, and…

  3. Third Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for third grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, third grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  4. Fifth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fifth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fifth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  5. Second Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for second grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, second grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  6. Fourth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for fourth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, fourth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  7. First Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for first grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, first grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  8. Sixth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for sixth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, sixth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  9. Seventh Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for seventh grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, seventh grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  10. Eighth Grade Level Science Sample Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    This document presents a sample of the Arkansas science curriculum and identifies the content standards for physical science systems, life science systems, and Earth science/space science systems for eighth grade students. Each content standard is explained and includes student learning expectations, eighth grade benchmarks, assessments, and…

  11. West Hackberry Tertiary Project

    SciTech Connect

    Gillham, Travis H.

    1999-01-14

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the concept that air injection can be combined with the Double Displacement Process to produce a tertiary recovery process that is both low cost and economic at current oil prices.

  12. Teaching College-Level Science and Engineering

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mahajan, Sanjoy, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    How does one teach science and engineering at the college level? It can be a daunting question, particularly for newly minted PhDs, but this rather fine course from the OpenCourseWare initiative at MIT offers high-quality suggestions. The site includes a syllabus, calendar, readings, video discussions, assignments, and other related resources. In the Syllabus area, visitors can learn about the basic lesson plans for the course. The Readings area has some great material, including sections on Teaching Equations, Course Design, Lecture Planning and Performing, and Political Barriers To Educational Change. Visitors should look over the Video Discussions area, which includes conversations with Professor Sanjoy Mahajan about the material. Finally, the site includes links to helpful books and other materials that will be most useful for those seeking further edification. [KMG

  13. Rethinking the tertiary mathematics curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Petocz; Anna Reid

    2005-01-01

    Mathematics curriculum at the tertiary level is located within a range of social and cultural theories, and is often constructed by academics seeking to promulgate a particular view of mathematics. We argue that such a curriculum should incorporate a real acknowledgement of the different ways in which students understand the nature of mathematics and its role in their professional lives.

  14. Rethinking the Tertiary Mathematics Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petocz, Peter; Reid, Anna

    2005-01-01

    Mathematics curriculum at the tertiary level is located within a range of social and cultural theories, and is often constructed by academics seeking to promulgate a particular view of mathematics. We argue that such a curriculum should incorporate a real acknowledgement of the different ways in which students understand the nature of mathematics…

  15. Biostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic, and stratigraphic sequence analysis of Lower Tertiary marine sediments of Alabama for indicators of sea-level change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. R. Thompson; G. R. Baum

    1991-01-01

    Early Eocene to late Oligocene marine sedimentary units in southwestern Alabama were sampled at closely spaced intervals to derive a precise time-stratigraphic framework and to determine the paleoecological and mineralogical responses to fluctuations in sea level. Paleontologic control consisted of planktonic, smaller and larger benthonic foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellates, and megafossils. Paleomagnetic reversals were delineated in two boreholes which, when

  16. Becoming an Urban School Middle-Level Science Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeanpierre, Bobby

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to document the journey of three novice career change science inductees as they became middle-level science teachers in urban low socioeconomic status (SES) schools and included post-internship employment status data on all nine science teachers who completed the alternative certification program, up to the time…

  17. Factors influencing exemplary science teachers' levels of computer use

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hakverdi, Meral

    This study examines exemplary science teachers' use of technology in science instruction, factors influencing their level of computer use, their level of knowledge/skills in using specific computer applications for science instruction, their use of computer-related applications/tools during their instruction, and their students' use of computer applications/tools in or for their science class. After a relevant review of the literature certain variables were selected for analysis. These variables included personal self-efficacy in teaching with computers, outcome expectancy, pupil-control ideology, level of computer use, age, gender, teaching experience, personal computer use, professional computer use and science teachers' level of knowledge/skills in using specific computer applications for science instruction. The sample for this study includes middle and high school science teachers who received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching Award (sponsored by the White House and the National Science Foundation) between the years 1997 and 2003 from all 50 states and U.S. territories. Award-winning science teachers were contacted about the survey via e-mail or letter with an enclosed return envelope. Of the 334 award-winning science teachers, usable responses were received from 92 science teachers, which made a response rate of 27.5%. Analysis of the survey responses indicated that exemplary science teachers have a variety of knowledge/skills in using computer related applications/tools. The most commonly used computer applications/tools are information retrieval via the Internet, presentation tools, online communication, digital cameras, and data collection probes. Results of the study revealed that students' use of technology in their science classroom is highly correlated with the frequency of their science teachers' use of computer applications/tools. The results of the multiple regression analysis revealed that personal self-efficacy related to the exemplary science teachers' level of computer use suggesting that computer use is dependent on perceived abilities at using computers. The teachers' use of computer-related applications/tools during class, and their personal self-efficacy, age, and gender are highly related with their level of knowledge/skills in using specific computer applications for science instruction. The teachers' level of knowledge/skills in using specific computer applications for science instruction and gender related to their use of computer-related applications/tools during class and the students' use of computer-related applications/tools in or for their science class. In conclusion, exemplary science teachers need assistance in learning and using computer-related applications/tool in their science class.

  18. Science question level and its relationship to seventh graders' interest and achievement in science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Santine Cuccio-Schirripa

    1999-01-01

    Science question level and its relationship to science topic interest level and achievement in reading, mathematics, and science\\u000a were explored for eight classes of seventh graders (n=106). Each student completed a science topic interest rating scale,\\u000a wrote four science questions (two on least interesting topics, and two on most interesting topics), and completed scholastic\\u000a aptitude tests. The questions were rated

  19. Field Trips as Cognitive Motivators for High Level Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurley, Marlene M.

    2006-01-01

    Using a composite example of field trips from several years of traveling to Yellowstone with high school biology students, the author illustrates how to raise the cognitive level of science instruction and student learning through science field trips. The author examines what teachers can do to raise the level of both teaching and learning in all…

  20. Educational Initiatives at the Tertiary Level for Black South Africans: Constraints, Changes, and Challenges. South African Information Exchange, Working Paper Number 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuel, John, Ed.; Micou, Ann McKinstry, Ed.

    Looking primarily at the issues of black students at South African universities and of access and bursaries, the seven articles contained in this document focus on access to tertiary education, the kind of support provided to students once they have gained access, and the roles for which people are being educated. Following an introduction by John…

  1. Experimental Science Projects: An Introductory Level Guide

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Morano, Associate Professor at Mankato State University, has put together this introductory resource on experimental science projects. Organized into fourteen sections, this guide walks the user through the basics of hypothesis testing, from the inception of an idea through its experimental test. For each section, a brief summary is provided: Observations, Information Gathering, Title, Purpose, Hypothesis, Procedure, Materials, Data, Recording Observations, Results, Calculations, Questions, and Conclusions. To illustrate the process outlined in the guide, the site includes an example of a science project (The Effect of Salt on the Boiling Temperature of Water), with explanations of how thinking is formulated (or tested) at each stage. This resource is simple in format and will be a useful learning tool for honing critical thinking in beginning scientists.

  2. Becoming an urban school middle-level science teacher

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bobby Jeanpierre

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to document the journey of three novice career change science inductees as they became\\u000a middle-level science teachers in urban low socioeconomic status (SES) schools and included post-internship employment status\\u000a data on all nine science teachers who completed the alternative certification program, up to the time of this writing. All\\u000a teachers participated in a

  3. Project Water Science. General Science High School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Water Education Foundation, Sacramento, CA.

    This teacher's guide presents 12 hands-on laboratory activities for high school science classes that cover the environmental issue of water resources in California. The activities are separated into three sections. Five activities in the section on water quality address the topics of groundwater, water hardness, bottled water, water purity, and…

  4. BEST: Bilingual environmental science training: Kindergarten level

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This booklet is one of a series of bilingual guides to environmental-science learning activities for students to do at home. Lesson objectives, materials required, procedure, vocabulary, and subjects integrated into the lesson are described in English for each lesson. A bilingual glossary, alphabetized by English entries, with Spanish equivalents in both English and Spanish, follows the lesson descriptions, and is itself followed by a bibliography of English-language references. This booklet includes descriptions of six lessons covering the senses of touch and sight, the sense of smell, how to distinguish living and non-living things, cell structures, the skeletal system, and the significance of food groups. 8 figs.

  5. Measuring Science Teachers' Stress Level Triggered by Multiple Stressful Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halim, Lilia; Samsudin, Mohd Ali; Meerah, T. Subahan M.; Osman, Kamisah

    2006-01-01

    The complexity of science teaching requires science teachers to encounter a range of tasks. Some tasks are perceived as stressful while others are not. This study aims to investigate the extent to which different teaching situations lead to different stress levels. It also aims to identify the easiest and most difficult conditions to be regarded…

  6. Turkish Middle School Students' Cognitive Development Levels in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cepni, Salih; Ozsevgec, Tuncay; Cerrah, Lale

    2004-01-01

    Students' abstract reasoning abilities can differ from one society to another. Students' profiles play significant roles in these differences. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between middle school students' cognitive development levels and their profiles (age, gender, and science achievement) using the Science Cognitive…

  7. West Hackberry Tertiary Project

    SciTech Connect

    Gillham, T.; Cerveny, B.; Kragas, T.

    1997-04-08

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the concept that air injection can generate tertiary oil recovery through the Double Displacement Process. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil through gravity drainage. The novel aspect of this project is the use of air as the injection fluid. In Gulf Coast oil reservoirs with pronounced bed dip, reservoir performance has shown that gravity drainage recoveries average 80% to 90% of the original oil in place while water drive recoveries average 50% to 60% of the original oil in place. The target for tertiary oil recovery with the Double Displacement Process is the incremental oil between the 50% to 60% water drive recoveries and the 80% to 90% gravity drainage recoveries. The use of air injection in this process combines the benefits of air`s low cost and universal accessibility with the potential for improved oil recovery resulting from spontaneous in situ combustion. If successful, this project will demonstrate that utilizing air injection in the Double Displacement Process will result in an economically viable tertiary process in many Gulf Coast oil reservoirs where other tertiary processes are presently uneconomic. The West Hackberry Tertiary Project receives matching funds from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the DOE`s Class I Program for the development of advance recovery technologies in fluvial dominated deltaic reservoirs. The goal of the West Hackberry Tertiary Project is to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of combining air injection with the Double Displacement Process for tertiary oil recovery. The concept is being field tested in low pressure (350 to 800 pounds per square inch (psi)) reservoirs on the north flank of the field and high pressure reservoirs (2500 to 3300 psi) on the west flank of the field.

  8. Turkish Pre-Service Elementary Science Teachers' Scientific Literacy Level and Attitudes toward Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavas, Pinar Huyuguzel; Ozdem, Yasemin; Cavas, Bulent; Cakiroglu, Jale; Ertepinar, Hamide

    2013-01-01

    In order to educate elementary students scientifically literate as expected in the science curricula in many countries around the world, science teachers need to be equipped with the diverse aspects of scientific literacy. This study investigates whether pre-service elementary science teachers at universities in Turkey have a satisfactory level of…

  9. Human health screening level risk assessments of tertiary-butyl acetate (TBAC): calculated acute and chronic reference concentration (RfC) and Hazard Quotient (HQ) values based on toxicity and exposure scenario evaluations.

    PubMed

    Bus, James S; Banton, Marcy I; Faber, Willem D; Kirman, Christopher R; McGregor, Douglas B; Pourreau, Daniel B

    2015-02-01

    A screening level risk assessment has been performed for tertiary-butyl acetate (TBAC) examining its primary uses as a solvent in industrial and consumer products. Hazard quotients (HQ) were developed by merging TBAC animal toxicity and dose-response data with population-level, occupational and consumer exposure scenarios. TBAC has a low order of toxicity following subchronic inhalation exposure, and neurobehavioral changes (hyperactivity) in mice observed immediately after termination of exposure were used as conservative endpoints for derivation of acute and chronic reference concentration (RfC) values. TBAC is not genotoxic but has not been tested for carcinogenicity. However, TBAC is unlikely to be a human carcinogen in that its non-genotoxic metabolic surrogates tertiary-butanol (TBA) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) produce only male rat ?-2u-globulin-mediated kidney cancer and high-dose specific mouse thyroid tumors, both of which have little qualitative or quantitative relevance to humans. Benchmark dose (BMD)-modeling of the neurobehavioral responses yielded acute and chronic RfC values of 1.5 ppm and 0.3 ppm, respectively. After conservative modeling of general population and near-source occupational and consumer product exposure scenarios, almost all HQs were substantially less than 1. HQs exceeding 1 were limited to consumer use of automotive products and paints in a poorly ventilated garage-sized room (HQ = 313) and occupational exposures in small and large brake shops using no personal protective equipment or ventilation controls (HQs = 3.4-126.6). The screening level risk assessments confirm low human health concerns with most uses of TBAC and indicate that further data-informed refinements can address problematic health/exposure scenarios. The assessments also illustrate how tier-based risk assessments using read-across toxicity information to metabolic surrogates reduce the need for comprehensive animal testing. PMID:25629921

  10. High Satisfaction Rating by Users of Private-for-profit Healthcare Providers—evidence from a Cross-sectional Survey Among Inpatients of a Private Tertiary Level Hospital of North India

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Sanjeev; Haque, Anwarul; Tehrani, Hassan Y

    2012-01-01

    Background: Evaluation of outcomes can help improve the quality of provision of services within a healthcare setting. There is limited report on patient satisfaction in private-sector in India although they provide three-quarters of healthcare services. Aim: The study was designed to report the level of satisfaction among inpatients of a private tertiary care hospital in India. Materials and Methods: A total of 102 participants were recruited and their socio-demographic, health-seeking behavior, and satisfaction rating on various aspects of healthcare were elicited. A five item Likert scale was used to obtain the satisfaction rating. Data analysis was done with the help of Stata version-9. Proportions for the discrete variables and means with Standard Deviation for the continuous variables were obtained. Results: All the participants were urban and from upper-middle or upper socio-economic strata. The participants reported a high level of overall satisfaction (93%) as well as high satisfaction with physicians (95%), the doctor's interpersonal skills (99%), nursing-care (93%), general services (94%), and pharmacy (88.1%). Conclusion: There was a high level of satisfaction reported by the participants at this tertiary level hospital. This might reflect the actual good quality services being provided by the provider or the nonannoying response, which cannot be ruled out. PMID:23050252

  11. Levels of Description and Explanation in Cognitive Science*

    E-print Network

    Bechtel, William

    in discussions of cognitive science, especially in discussions of the relation of connectionism to symbolic at that level. Key words. Connectionism, symbol processing, levels of organization, reduction, mechanistic of psychology or artificial intelligence, tend to prefer the labels connectionism or parallel distributed

  12. Intermediate Level Science Core Curriculum, Grades 5-8

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This guide is intended to assist teachers and supervisors for grades 5-8 as they prepare curriculum, instruction, and assessment for intermediate-level content and skills of the New York State Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology. This Core Curriculum is not a syllabus. It addresses only the content and skills to be tested by the Intermediate Level Science Assessment. The document identifies process skills and describes their alignments with standards, key ideas, and performance indicators. It includes a description of the content of the Intermediate Level Science Examination and a set of examples of activities intended to build skills to support standards on scientific inquiry, the living environment, and the physical setting.

  13. Investigation of Inquiry-based Science Pedagogy among Middle Level Science Teachers: A Qualitative Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiland, Sunny Minelli

    This study implemented a qualitative approach to examine the phenomenon of "inquiry-based science pedagogy or inquiry instruction" as it has been experienced by individuals. Data was collected through online open-ended surveys, focus groups, and teacher reported self-reflections to answer the research questions: 1) How do middle level science teachers conceptualize "inquiry-based instruction?" 2) What are preferred instructional strategies for implementation in middle level science classrooms? And 3) How do middle level science teachers perceive the connection between science instruction and student learning? The participants within this research study represent 33 percent of teachers in grades 5 through 9 within six school districts in northeastern Pennsylvania. Of the 12 consent forms originally obtained, 10 teachers completed all three phases of the data collection, including the online survey, participation in focus groups, and teacher self-reflection. 60 percent of the participants taught only science, and 40 percent taught all content areas. Of the ten participants, 50 percent were certified teachers of science and 50 percent were certified as teachers of elementary education. 70 percent of the research participants reflected having obtained a master's, with 60 percent of these degrees being received in areas of education, and 10 percent in the area of science. The research participants have a total of 85 collective years of experience as professional educators, with the average years of experience being 8.5 years. Analysis of data revealed three themes related to research question #1) How do middle-level science teachers conceptualize inquiry-based instruction? and sub-question #1) How do middle-level science teachers characterize effective instruction? The themes that capture the essence of teachers' formulation of inquiry-based instruction that emerged in this study were student centered, problem solving, and hands-on . Analysis of data revealed one theme related to research question #2) What are preferred instructional strategies for implementation in middle level science classrooms? and topical sub-question #2) How do middle level science teachers structure instruction. The theme that emerged was needs of students. Analysis of the data revealed one theme related to research question #3) How do middle level science teachers perceive the relationship between science instruction and student learning? and topical sub-question #3) How do middle level science teachers view their role in relation to student learning? This theme is meaning making. Analysis of the data related to meaning making revealed two sub-themes of application and relationships. It is clear that middle level science teachers have a vision for inquiry-based science instruction, but implementation is inhibited by a variety of factors including curricular programming that is very broad and lacks depth, the scheduling of time and resources for science, and the absence of a clear model of inquiry-based instruction. In addition, only one participant referenced students investigating their own authentic questions and no participants reflected on the importance of students using evidence in their explanations of scientific phenomenon. Additionally, participants continually reflected on the needs of their students informing instructional practices, and it is wondered if there is a clear understanding among middle level teachers of how students learn science. Real world applications were recognized as important within science learning and the researcher questions whether teachers of science have adequate opportunities to explore real world application of science concepts throughout their careers in order to foster connections within the classroom. These findings support the need for strong, job-embedded professional development, the cultivation of learning communities dedicated to the investigation and implementation of inquiry-based science, the focusing of curricular programming to allow for in depth investigation of scientific concep

  14. The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Santine Cuccio Schirripa

    1997-01-01

    The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher

  15. Tertiary oil recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Byham, D. E.

    1985-03-05

    An improved method for the recovery of tertiary oil from oil formations containing connate waters having a high brine concentration. A stable alcohol external microemulsion is formed from specific brine-soluble surfactants and alcohols for employment as a chemical slug. Such a microemulsion may be used to efficiently and effectively recover tertiary oil from formations in high brine concentrations. Specific examples of surfactants which may be employed to form the microemulsions of the present invention include amphoteric surfactants such as bis-2-hydroxyethylcocoamine propane sulfonate and bis-2-hydroxyethyloctadecyl amine propane sulfonate.

  16. Advancing the science of community-level interventions.

    PubMed

    Trickett, Edison J; Beehler, Sarah; Deutsch, Charles; Green, Lawrence W; Hawe, Penelope; McLeroy, Kenneth; Miller, Robin Lin; Rapkin, Bruce D; Schensul, Jean J; Schulz, Amy J; Trimble, Joseph E

    2011-08-01

    Community interventions are complex social processes that need to move beyond single interventions and outcomes at individual levels of short-term change. A scientific paradigm is emerging that supports collaborative, multilevel, culturally situated community interventions aimed at creating sustainable community-level impact. This paradigm is rooted in a deep history of ecological and collaborative thinking across public health, psychology, anthropology, and other fields of social science. The new paradigm makes a number of primary assertions that affect conceptualization of health issues, intervention design, and intervention evaluation. To elaborate the paradigm and advance the science of community intervention, we offer suggestions for promoting a scientific agenda, developing collaborations among professionals and communities, and examining the culture of science. PMID:21680923

  17. Advancing the Science of Community-Level Interventions

    PubMed Central

    Beehler, Sarah; Deutsch, Charles; Green, Lawrence W.; Hawe, Penelope; McLeroy, Kenneth; Miller, Robin Lin; Rapkin, Bruce D.; Schensul, Jean J.; Schulz, Amy J.; Trimble, Joseph E.

    2011-01-01

    Community interventions are complex social processes that need to move beyond single interventions and outcomes at individual levels of short-term change. A scientific paradigm is emerging that supports collaborative, multilevel, culturally situated community interventions aimed at creating sustainable community-level impact. This paradigm is rooted in a deep history of ecological and collaborative thinking across public health, psychology, anthropology, and other fields of social science. The new paradigm makes a number of primary assertions that affect conceptualization of health issues, intervention design, and intervention evaluation. To elaborate the paradigm and advance the science of community intervention, we offer suggestions for promoting a scientific agenda, developing collaborations among professionals and communities, and examining the culture of science. PMID:21680923

  18. Investigation of Inquiry-Based Science Pedagogy among Middle Level Science Teachers: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiland, Sunny Minelli

    2012-01-01

    This study implemented a qualitative approach to examine the phenomenon of "inquiry-based science pedagogy or inquiry instruction" as it has been experienced by individuals. Data was collected through online open-ended surveys, focus groups, and teacher reported self-reflections to answer the research questions: 1) How do middle level science

  19. STEM: Science Technology Engineering Mathematics. State-Level Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnevale, Anthony P.; Smith, Nicole; Melton, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    The science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) state-level analysis provides policymakers, educators, state government officials, and others with details on the projections of STEM jobs through 2018. This report delivers a state-by-state snapshot of the demand for STEM jobs, including: (1) The number of forecast net new and…

  20. Source Level Static Branch Prediction Department of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Wong, Weng Fai

    Source Level Static Branch Prediction W. F. Wong Department of Computer Science School of Computing-4580 Email: wongwf@comp.nus.edu.sg March 24, 1999 Abstract The ability to predict the directions of branches, especially conditional branches, is an important problem in modern computer architecture and advanced

  1. CONVENTIONAL TERTIARY TREATMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Tertiary treatment on effluent from the EPA-DC Pilot Plant's step aeration activated sludge system included two-stage or single-stage lime clarification, air stripping of ammonia, dual-media filtration, neutralization, and activated carbon adsorption. With a good secondary efflue...

  2. Tertiary oil recovery processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Blackwell

    1978-01-01

    A tertiary oil recovery (TOR) process must satisfy several requirements, such as overcoming capillary forces, and contacting as much of the reservoir as possible. Guidelines for selection of TOR candidate methods are listed, using screening parameters to screen their suitability. The parameters are oil viscosity, oil gravity, depth, net zone thickness, temperature, average permeability, salinity of formation brine, oil saturation,

  3. Smart Utilization of Tertiary Instructional Modes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, John; Tee, Singwhat

    2010-01-01

    This empirical research surveys first year tertiary business students across different campuses regarding their perceived views concerning traditional, blended and flexible instructional approaches. A structural equation modeling approach shows traditional instructional modes deliver lower levels of student-perceived learning quality, learning…

  4. A Three Level Autonomous Software System for Increased Science Return

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robinson, P. I.; Mancinelli, R. L.; Landheim, R.

    2005-12-01

    The development of smart science instruments for autonomous operation (on Earth or in space) has the potential to increase science return and reduce the risk of experiment failure. When researchers are confronted with unexpected data/results of the experimental test system, they must determine whether the experimental setup has failed, or scientific discovery is being made. These two classes of events could have the same time series signature. To directly address this issue, we have developed a three-level software system referred to as E3, which consists of an engineering level, an experiment level, and an executive level. Each level of the software system is designed in a modular fashion using model based feedback controllers. The same feedback control mechanism is used for each level; the model itself determines the level. To determine if failure of the experimental setup can explain the data/results, researchers run calibration tests for hardware (e.g., sensors and actuators) as well as verify that the software (e.g., controls and analog to digital conversion routines) is running as planned. If anomalies are found, then modifications are made to the experimental setup, or the anomaly is accepted as the new baseline state of the instrument. The engineering level of the E3 software system is responsible for this process. To determine if scientific discovery, as opposed to failure, can explain the data/results, a researcher tries to explain the difference between the observed and expected results. These explanations are terms of the basic processes of nature to determine the rate limiting step(s) of a complex set of processes, where the flux could be due to heat transfer, mass transfer, momentum transfer, or chemical reaction processes. Once the differences are understood, modifications are made to the software control of the experiment, as well as to the model the researcher is building over the course of repeated experiments. The experiment level of the E3 software system is responsible for this process. Regardless of whether the experimental setup, or the experiment protocol must be modified in order to maximize science return, it is desired to continue to gather scientific value for an experiment even when it is not going according to plan. In order to accomplish this task, the researcher may fix or float different parameters in the experiment, or modify the experimental conditions to continue to acquire data. The executive level of the E3 software system is responsible for this process. The software system has been developed using a bioreactor - useful for modeling planetary atmospheres, as well as life-support systems. As an example, for the bioreactor studies, the engineering level regulates the performance of the experimental setup, including the bioreactor vessel, temperature control hardware (cooler, heater, lights), light controller (lights), ion-specific electrode hardware, as well as the sample loop hardware. The experiment level regulates the fixed parameters as defined by the researcher (e.g., pH and CO2, O2, etc.). The executive level regulates performance of both the engineering and experiment levels to determine which parameters to fix or float in order to maximize the science return.

  5. West Hackberry Tertiary Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kenneth Haley; Travis Gillham; Demetrios Yannimaras

    1999-03-31

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the concept that air injection can be combined with the Double Displacement Process to produce a tertiary recovery process that is both low cost and economic at current oil prices. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil by gravity drainage. In reservoirs with pronounced bed dip such as those found in West Hackberry and other Gulf Coast salt dome fields, reservoir performance has shown that gravity drainage recoveries average 80% to 90% of the original oil in place while waterdrive recoveries average 50% to 60% of the original oil in place. The target for tertiary oil recovery in the Double Displacement Process is the incremental oil between the 50% to 60% waterdrive recoveries and the 80% to 90% gravity drainage recoveries. In previous field tests, the Double Displacement Process has proven successful in generating tertiary oil recovery. The use of air injection in this process combines the benefits of air's low cost and universal accessibility with the potential for accelerated oil recovery from the combustion process. If successful, this project will demonstrate that utilizing air injection in the Double Displacement Process will result in an economically viable tertiary process in reservoirs (such as Gulf Coast salt dome reservoirs) where any other tertiary process is presently uneconomic. Air injection on the West Hank began in November of 1994. Although West Flank air injection has increased reservoir pressure by 500 pounds per square inch (psi), production response has not yet occurred. The gas cap on the West Flank has not expanded sufficiently to push the oil rim down to the nearest down structure well. Cumulative injection to date is 1.6 BCF, only approximately 50% of the projected volume required to establish oil production response. Additional air injection is required to further expand the gas cap and thereby bring about oil production. Air injection rates have been restricted due to iron oxide plugging in the injectors. To spread risk among multiple reservoirs, the project was expanded in 1996 to include air injection in low pressure reservoirs on the North Flank of the field. The project reservoirs on the West Flank are much higher pressure (2500-3300 psi) than the project reservoirs on the North Flank (300-600 psi). Air injection began on the North Rank in July of 1996. While West Flank air injection has not yet yielded oil production, air injection has increased oil production in all three low pressure North Hank reservoirs. Production increased in the North Rank after only two months of air injection, much quicker than anticipated. Between July of 1996 and July of 1999, cumulative air injection of 0.9 BCF increased North Flank oil production by 224,000 barrels above the normal decline. As of July, 1999, air injection was generating 270 barrels of oil per day (BOPD) of incremental oil production from the three low pressure reservoirs on the North Flank of the field.

  6. CS0++ BROADENING COMPUTER SCIENCE AT THE ENTRY LEVEL: INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith Bayard Cushing; Richard Weiss; Yoshiya Moritani

    The National Science Foundation has noted declining enrollments in computing, increasing workforce needs for graduates, and changes in the computing education needed in the future. They thus sponsored four regional workshops which each suggested ways to increase enrollments: multiple entry points to the undergraduate major, better presentation of computing careers, interdisciplinary courses and projects, and innovative approaches to computer science

  7. Investigating Returns to Investments in Education: An Empirical Study Estimating Returns to Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Education for Countries at Different Levels of Economic Development 

    E-print Network

    Lozano, Ricardo Viviano

    2012-07-16

    refer to where in education governments should invest in order to obtain the highest returns, based on the specific characteristics of their countries (i.e. level of economic development). The purpose of this dissertation is to estimate and determine...

  8. Speculations on real sea-level changes and vertical motions of continents at selected times in the Cretaceous and Tertiary Periods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard Bond

    1978-01-01

    Percentages of continental areas that were flooded during a transgression plotted on the corresponding hypsometric curves may be used to distinguish between (1) substantial posttransgressive change in continental hypsometries and (2) a transgression caused by a sea-level rise followed by little change in continental hypsometries. The method, applied to percentages of flooding during Albian, late Campanian to early Maestrichtian, Eocene,

  9. Practical Considerations for Integrating Alternate Reality Gaming into Science Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellocchi, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    In this article, I present my experience with integrating an alternate reality gaming (ARG) framework into a pre-service science teacher education course. My goal is to provide an account of my experiences that can inform other science education practitioners at the tertiary and secondary levels that wish to adopt a similar approach in their…

  10. Tertiary serpentinite tectonics in northern Hispaniola

    SciTech Connect

    Nagle, F.; Draper, G.

    1985-01-01

    At least 4 types of serpentinite bodies are found in N. Hispaniola, by different inclusion and Tertiary deformation styles: (1) Narrow slivers occurring on Tertiary faults, rarely containing inclusions, which occur throughout the region. (2) Massive fractured serpentinites associated with a Cretaceous volcanic plutonic and metamorphic basement, and containing rodingite dikes, occurs in the Puerto Plata region. (3) Massive, fractured, but coherent bodies containing Tertiary limestone clasts which apparently the same as nearby limestone overlying the serpentinite occur west of Puerto Plata. (4) Diapirically emplaced bodies in the Gaspar Hernandez region containing both brecciated and massive zones and containing a variety of inclusions. Type 4 bodies protrude into the clastic Upper Eocene Altamira Fm. The most common tectonic inclusions in these bodies are rounded cobbles of diorite and gabbro. Amphibolites are also common, but friable greenschists and blueschists are rare, as are blocks of clastic sediments. The authors suggest that large blocks of the Altamira Fm. were incorporated into the serpentinite during their past Eocene diapirism and that these blocks were deformed in a brittle manner into gouge zones by internal movements in the diapir. Type 4 serpentinites may therefore have incorporated inclusions at high crustal levels by brittle processes. Type 2 bodies, in contrast, may have incorporated inclusions by ductile flow of serpentinite at lower crustal levels. Type 33 bodies are the most enigmatic. They may be sedimentary, but alternatively may have incorporated limestone in a gouge (as for type 4), which has later healed to a coherent mass.

  11. Running head: Assessing Students' Reasoning across Disciplines in Entry-Level Science Courses

    E-print Network

    Zollman, Dean

    gain an even greater variety of subject areas. The variety of the science courses and question contexts in Entry-Level Science Courses 4 open ended questions on their final exam. The whole approach towardRunning head: Assessing Students' Reasoning across Disciplines in Entry-Level Science Courses 1

  12. Alcohol consumption in tertiary education students

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Heavy alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults is an issue of significant public concern. With approximately 50% of young people aged 18-24 attending tertiary education, there is an opportunity within these settings to implement programs that target risky drinking. The aim of the current study was to survey students and staff within a tertiary education institution to investigate patterns of alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, knowledge of current National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) guidelines for alcohol consumption and intentions to seek help for alcohol problems. Methods Students of an Australian metropolitan university (with staff as a comparison group) participated in a telephone interview. Questions related to knowledge of NHMRC guidelines, drinking behaviour, alcohol-related problems and help-seeking intentions for alcohol problems. Level of psychological distress was also assessed. Results Of the completed interviews, 774 (65%) were students and 422 (35%) were staff. While staff were more likely to drink regularly, students were more likely to drink heavily. Alcohol consumption was significantly higher in students, in males and in those with a history of earlier onset drinking. In most cases, alcohol-related problems were more likely to occur in students. The majority of students and staff had accurate knowledge of the current NHMRC guidelines, but this was not associated with lower levels of risky drinking. Psychological distress was associated with patterns of risky drinking in students. Conclusions Our findings are consistent with previous studies of tertiary student populations, and highlight the disconnect between knowledge of relevant guidelines and actual behaviour. There is a clear need for interventions within tertiary education institutions that promote more effective means of coping with psychological distress and improve help-seeking for alcohol problems, particularly among young men. PMID:21740593

  13. Computing Science and The eLearning Paradigm Technology Focus or Goal? Marie Devlin, Chris Phillips, Lindsay Marshall

    E-print Network

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Computing Science and The eLearning Paradigm ­ Technology Focus or Goal? Marie Devlin, Chris.marshall@ncl.ac.uk Abstract: Today's prospective entrants to Computing Science degrees have grown up surrounded by technology to technology and eLearning provision in Computing Science at tertiary level. In this paper, we describe our

  14. Science self-efficacy of African Americans enrolled in freshman level physical science courses in two historically black institutions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prihoda, Belinda Ann

    2011-12-01

    Science education must be a priority for citizens to function and be productive in a global, technological society. African Americans receive fewer science degrees in proportion to the Caucasian population. The primary purposes of this study were to determine the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American nonscience majors, the difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors, the relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, the relationship between gender and science self-efficacy score, and the relationship between science self-efficacy score and course withdrawal. This study utilized a Likert survey instrument. All participants were enrolled in freshman level courses in the physical sciences at a historically black institution: a college or university. Participants completed the pretest survey within two weeks after the 12th class day of the semester. Initially, 458 participants completed the pretest survey. The posttest was administered within two weeks before the final exam. Only 245 participants completed the posttest survey. Results indicate that there is a difference in science self-efficacy of science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant difference between the pretest and posttest science self-efficacy scores of African-American science majors and nonscience majors. There was no significant relationship between science self-efficacy and course grade, gender and science self-efficacy score, and course withdrawal and science self-efficacy score.

  15. State Restrictions on Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (released in AEO2006)

    EIA Publications

    2006-01-01

    By the end of 2005, 25 states had barred, or passed laws banning, any more than trace levels of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in their gasoline supplies, and legislation to ban MTBE was pending in 4 others. Some state laws address only MTBE; others also address ethers such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME). Annual Energy Outlook 2006 assumes that all state MTBE bans prohibit the use of all ethers for gasoline blending.

  16. The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cuccio Schirripa, Santine

    The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher on a measure of science question level, than when they are not interested; and high achieving students in mathematics, reading or science would outperform students who are not high achievers on a measure of science question level. Eight classes of normally achieving seventh graders (n = 106 students), from a middle school in west central Florida, were randomly assigned to two treatments. One group received instruction in writing researchable questions in science, the other group did not receive instruction. Each student in each of the eight classes completed "The Middle School Students' Science Topic Interest Rating Scale", developed for this study (test-retest reliability, rsbs =.84), rating each of the thirteen topics from one to three. All students selected two topics in which they were least interested, and two topics in which they were most interested. They then wrote researchable questions for each topic. All students took the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) in reading, mathematics and science. The questions were rated using the four levels described by "The Middle School Students' Science Question Rating Scale", developed for this study (inter-rater reliability, rsbs =.96). The scores for each question were averaged for two raters then summed for each interest level for each student The means and standard deviations were computed for questions generated at a low level of interest, questions generated at a high level of interest, reading SAT scores, mathematics SAT scores, and science SAT scores. The data were analyzed for main effects and interaction effects using general linear modeling procedures. The variable modeled was question level. There was one within subjects factor, science topic interest, and four between subjects factors: instruction, science achievement, mathematics achievement and reading achievement. The results, consistent with the hypotheses, indicate that students who received instruction in researchable questioning outperformed those students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; when students were interested in a science topic their question level was significantly higher than when they were not interested; and students who were high achievers in mathematics, reading or science outperformed those students who were not high achievers on a measure of science question level.

  17. Organizational health and the achievement level of students in science at the secondary-level schools in Sri Lanka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pakkeer-Jaufar, Pakkeer Cadermohideen

    This study sought to identify those organizational health factors that might have overriding influence on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. This study involved 752 students, 33 science teachers, and 10 principals from two different districts, Ampara and Colombo, in Sri Lanka. Ten Tamil medium, secondary level, public schools were selected to participate in this study. Data were collected using four types of instruments: a questionnaire for pupils; interview schedules for science teachers and principals; checklists for classroom/school facilities, science laboratory facilities, and science practicals; and a science achievement test. The analysis focused on the collective perceptions of students, science teachers, and principals. Regression and path analyses were used as major analysis techniques, and the qualitative data provided by science teachers and principals were considered for a crosschecking of the quantitative inferences. The researcher found teacher affiliation, academic emphasis, and instructional leadership of the principal, in descending order, were the overriding influential factors on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. At the same time a similar descending order was found in their mean values and qualities. The researcher concluded that increasing the quality of the organizational health factors in Sri Lankan secondary schools would result in improved better achievement in science. The findings further indicate that instructional leadership of the principal had both direct and indirect effects on students' achievement in science when academic emphasis and teacher affiliation were taken into account. In addition, the resource support of the principal did not make any difference in students' science achievement and the findings stress the availability of the resources for individual students instead of assuming the general facilities of the school are available to all students of the school.

  18. Is This the End of the English Tradition of Practical A-Level Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Ian

    2014-01-01

    From September 2015, schools in England will be teaching new A-level science specifications that have been developed by examination boards to encompass new higher levels of demand developed by the Department for Education. Integral to these new specifications is a radical change to the contribution of practical science to the A-level grade of the…

  19. Gains in Content Knowledge, Confidence and Comfort Levels from a Physical Science Course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Wormer, Laura; Sorrick, Roxanne

    2009-10-01

    Physical Science for Everyday Thinking (PSET) is a guided inquiry approach to teaching physical science. Pre and post survey data were collected during four years of using PSET. The course was taught in an intensive format at a small, private liberal arts college; at least half the students were education majors. The surveys assessed content knowledge and confidence in the answers, attitudes toward science and understanding of the process of learning science. Analysis indicated significant increases in content knowledge, confidence in content knowledge and comfort levels with physical science; also significant changes in identification as a science person, what is a fact, objectivity of scientists and science as a solitary pursuit.

  20. Unified Science Approach K-12, Proficiency Levels 1-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oickle, Eileen M., Ed.

    Presented are first-revision materials of the K-12 unified science program implemented in the public schools of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Detailed descriptions are given of the roles of students and teachers, purposes of bibliography, major concepts in unified science, processes of inquiry, scheme and model for scientific literacy, and…

  1. Unified Science Approach K-12, Proficiency Levels 7-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oickle, Eileen M., Ed.

    Presented is the second part of the K-12 unified science materials used in the public schools of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Detailed descriptions are made of the roles of students and teachers, purposes of the bibliography, major concepts in unified science, processes of inquiry, a scheme and model for scientific literacy, and program…

  2. Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

    2012-01-01

    Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not…

  3. The Abstract Thinking Levels of the Science-Education Students in Gaza Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darwish, Ata H.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the abstract thinking levels of the science students attending the first and fourth year at two Palestinian Universities (Al-Aqsa and Al-Azhar). The sample consisted of 133 students from Science Education Departments (SE). The tool, used to measure abstract thinking, was one of the Science Reasoning Tasks…

  4. Degree Level Expectations for Graduates Receiving the Degree of Bachelor of Applied Science

    E-print Network

    Prodiæ, Aleksandar

    Degree Level Expectations for Graduates Receiving the Degree of Bachelor of Applied Science Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering University of Toronto Revised: May 28, 2008 1 Introduction This document of Toronto. This document addresses the Bachelor of Applied Science degree for all programs in the Faculty

  5. The effects of student-level and classroom-level factors on elementary students' science achievement in five countries

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaya, Sibel

    The interest in raising levels of achievement in math and science has led to a focus on investigating the factors that shape achievement in these subjects (Lamb & Fullarton, 2002) as well as understanding how these factors operate across countries (Baker, Fabrega, Galindo, & Mishook, 2004). The current study examined the individual student factors and classroom factors on fourth grade science achievement within and across five countries. Guided by the previous school learning models, the elements of students' science learning were categorized as student-level and classroom-level factors. The student-level factors included gender, self-confidence in science, and home resources. The classroom-level factors included teacher characteristics, instructional variables and classroom composition. Results for the United States and four other countries, Singapore, Japan, Australia, and Scotland were reported. Multilevel effects of student and classroom variables were examined through Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) using the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2003 fourth grade dataset. The outcome variable was the TIMSS 2003 science score. Overall, the results of this study showed that selected student background characteristics were consistently related to elementary science achievement in countries investigated. At the student-level, higher levels of home resources and self-confidence and at the classroom-level, higher levels of class mean home resources yielded higher science scores on the TIMSS 2003. In general, teacher and instructional variables were minimally related to science achievement. There was evidence of positive effects of teacher support in the U.S. and Singapore. The emphasis on science inquiry was positively related to science achievement in Singapore and negatively related in the U.S. and Australia. Experimental studies that investigate the impacts of teacher and instructional factors on elementary science achievement are needed. For all the countries investigated, with the exception of Singapore, the between-class variance was much smaller than the within-class variance. Japan had the smallest variation in science achievement among classrooms which indicates the homogeneity across classrooms in Japan. Increasing awareness and knowledge of gender neutral instructional techniques, providing a non-threatening, rich and supportive environment for both genders in classrooms by elementary teachers are to be encouraged. To improve students' self beliefs about science, it is recommended that teachers model science activities and accommodate students' needs and abilities (Bandura, 1997; Britner & Pajares, 2006). Schools and teachers are recommended to develop a successful home-school partnership for improved student learning and positive attitudes toward science (Eccles & Harold, 1996; Epstein & Salinas, 2004). Furthermore, developing a knowledge base for teachers regarding the influences of classroom and school composition is highlighted (Honig, Kahne, & McLaughlin, 2001; Murrel, 2001). At the classroom- and school-level, policy efforts could focus on the distribution of educational resources (Condron & Roscigno, 2003; Goesling, 2003) to compensate for poor family background.

  6. A Study of Secondary Science Teacher Efficacy and Level of Constructivist Instructional Practice Implementation in West Virginia Science Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knapp, Amanda Kristen

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of use of selected constructivist instructional practices and level of teacher efficacy in West Virginia secondary science classrooms. The study next sought to determine if a relationship existed between level of use of the constructivist practices and teacher efficacy. In addition the study…

  7. Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE): Drinking Water

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    MTBE, a gasoline oxygenater additive, has been detected in ground water sources throughout different parts of the country. These ground water sources are often the source of drinking water, and the presence of methyl tertiary butyl ether in even minute quantities can make the water undrinkable. Research to date has not conclusively identified any quantitative level at which serious health risks may occur. This site provides information on behalf of the Environmental Protection Agency on the concerns and occurence of MTBE in drinking water.

  8. Effective science teachers' professional development: A multiple-case study of district-level science supervisors' perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schaben, Chris Jay

    At its heart, science teachers' professional development is about continual growth and improvement (Yager, 2005). Conducting research to understand what constitutes effective professional development is inherently complex (Hewson, 2007). The imperative to link research on professional development to student achievement (Fishman, Marx, Best, & Tal, 2003) increases complexity of research on the topic. These complexities require multiple research approaches and indicate that all stakeholders could provide insights to identify what constitutes effective professional development. District-level science supervisors' voices are missing from the data on effective science teachers' professional development and this provides a potential gap in the literature (Banilower, Heck, & Weiss, 2007; Elmore & Burney, 1999; Shroyer, Miller, Hernandez, & Dunn, 2007). The purpose of this multiple-case study was to gather information from six district-level science supervisors from six different school districts in six different states to gain a deeper understanding of their insights on what constitutes effective professional development. The empirical data examined in this study resulted from interviews, participant drawings, observations, and document review. The major finding was that the district-level science supervisors mostly confirmed what was known in the field. However, this finding could be used in a variety of ways to support future research; such as providing a potential data source to corroborate self-reported teacher survey data. The findings from this study also identified a few nuances to what is known about effective science teachers' professional development research. Specifically, a finding suggests that researchers may need to reconceptualize the amount of time before which science teachers' professional development can impact student achievement. Another nuance identified relates to the, already known, understanding that district-level science supervisors' beliefs (Borman, 2005) and position power can impact their actions (Spillane, 2000). This nuance suggests that district-level science supervisors may desire that the teachers in their districts teach as they taught. If so, future research should identify what teaching approaches the district-level science supervisors utilized when they were teaching.

  9. The Petasis Reaction: Microscale Synthesis of a Tertiary Amine Antifungal Analog

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koroluk, Katherine J.; Jackson, Derek A.; Dicks, Andrew P.

    2012-01-01

    Students prepare a tertiary amine antifungal analog in an upper-level undergraduate organic laboratory. A microscale Petasis reaction is performed to generate a liquid compound readily characterized via IR and proton NMR spectroscopy. The biological relevance of the product is highlighted, with the tertiary amine scaffold being an important…

  10. Connecting Teachers and Students with Science and Scientists: The Science Learning Hub

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Beverley; Cowie, Bronwen; Jones, Alister

    2010-01-01

    National and international data is raising concerns about levels of student interest and engagement in science in school and student retention into tertiary study. For today's students the Internet plays an important role as a source of information and means for communication with peers. This paper reports on a Ministry of Research Technology and…

  11. The Elementary Level Science Methods Course: Breeding Ground of an Apprehension toward Science? A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duschl, Richard A.

    1983-01-01

    Documented training and educational activities of preservice elementary education majors (N=20) to determine what (if any) aspects of their science training contribute to developing the apprehension elementary teachers have toward science, science education, and science instruction. Results, conclusions, and implications are reported from the…

  12. The effect of teacher education level, teaching experience, and teaching behaviors on student science achievement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Danhui

    Previous literature leaves us unanswered questions about whether teaching behaviors mediate the relationship between teacher education level and experience with student science achievement. This study examined this question with 655 students from sixth to eighth grade and their 12 science teachers. Student science achievements were measured at the beginning and end of 2006-2007 school year. Given the cluster sampling of students nested in classrooms, which are nested in teachers, a two-level multilevel model was employed to disentangle the effects from teacher-level and student-level factors. Several findings were discovered in this study. Science teachers possessing of advanced degrees in science or education significantly and positively influenced student science achievement. However, years of teaching experience in science did not directly influence student science achievement. A significant interaction was detected between teachers possessing an advanced degree in science or education and years of teaching science, which was inversely associated to student science achievement. Better teaching behaviors were also positively related to student achievement in science directly, as well as mediated the relationship between student science achievement and both teacher education and experience. Additionally, when examined separately, each teaching behavior variable (teacher engagement, classroom management, and teaching strategies) served as a significant intermediary between both teacher education and experience and student science achievement. The findings of this study are intended to provide insights into the importance of hiring and developing qualified teachers who are better able to help students achieve in science, as well as to direct the emphases of ongoing teacher inservice training.

  13. Tertiary oil recovery: potential application and constraints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geffen

    1978-01-01

    The technology of tertiary oil recovery methods is described and potential economic and environmental constraints to future commercial application are identified. Oil recoverable by tertiary techniques represents a domestic resource of between 11- and 42-billion barrels. Estimates of additional oil supplies from tertiary methods by the year 2000 range from 1 to 8 million barrels per day, depending on the

  14. Category: Physical and Life Sciences Degree Level: Ph.D.

    E-print Network

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    #miza#on of pharmaceu#cal proper#es of a lead compound targe#ng human African trypanosomiasis by nanoformula, Department of PharmaceuRcal Sciences, Boston, MA, 02115. ABSTRACT Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT trypanosomiasis (HAT) · 60 million people at risk, affects 36 countries in subSaharan Africa · 100% fatal

  15. Discovering Animal Ways, Elementary School Science, Level Three, Teaching Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Helen E.

    This pilot teaching unit is one of a series developed for use in elementary school science programs. This unit is designed to promote children's natural curiosity and to help those who show a reluctance to work with animals to overcome some of their fears. The student activities employ important scientific processes, such as observation,…

  16. A Critical Appraisal of State Level Science Exhibition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nath, Baiju K.

    2007-01-01

    Science exhibitions are really great opportunities to students as well as teachers to disseminate knowledge that they have, and to experience a variety of new inventions and innovations that also need wide dissemination. The great significance of exhibition is that it fosters acquisition of different process skills leading to the development of…

  17. CalfScience: Extension Education at Many Levels

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Dale A.; Tellessen, Kathlyn; Sischo, William M.

    2010-01-01

    The issue of antimicrobial resistance in food animal agriculture was addressed by conducting clinical trials to assess alternatives to antimicrobials in dairy calf-raising and developing outreach to three different audiences. Current research was integrated into Extension programs for calf-raisers, animal science and veterinary students, and food…

  18. PARENTAL BONDING AND PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP AMONG TERTIARY STUDENTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TAM CAI LIAN; YEOH SI HAN

    Parental bonding is an important predictor that gives a lot of insight into parent-child relationship. Studies have demonstrated the importance of parent child relationship for adjustment, ranging from attachment during infancy, indiscipline style during childhood and adolescence to parenting style during adulthood. This paper aims to investigate the relationship between parental bonding and parent-child relationship among tertiary level students in

  19. The Science Advancement through Group Engagement Program: Leveling the Playing Field and Increasing Retention in Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Donna M.; Curtin-Soydan, Amanda J.; Canelas, Dorian A.

    2014-01-01

    How can colleges and universities keep an open gateway to the science disciplines for the least experienced first-year science students while also maintaining high standards that challenge the students with the strongest possible high school backgrounds? The Science Advancement through Group Engagement (SAGE) project targets cohorts of less…

  20. Computers and Traditional Teaching Practices: Factors Influencing Middle Level Students' Science Achievement and Attitudes about Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odom, Arthur Louis; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Stoddard, Elizabeth R.; Wrobel, Jerzy M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of middle school student science achievement and attitudes toward science with student-reported frequency of using computers to learn science and other classroom practices. Baseline comparison data were collected on the frequency of student-centred teaching practices (e.g. the use of group…

  1. Even Low Levels of Alcohol during Pregnancy Can Affect Fetal Brain Development. Science Briefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2008

    2008-01-01

    "Science Briefs" summarize the findings and implications of a recent study in basic science or clinical research. This brief reports on the study "Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on GABAergic Neurons" (V. C. Cuzone; P. W. L. Yeh; Y. Yanagawa; K. Obata; and H. H. Yeh). Study results indicate that even exposure to low levels of alcohol during…

  2. Do higher cost reserve levels for space science missions ensure good cost performance?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Jacobs; S. Hayes

    2006-01-01

    Recent efforts to improve cost performance for space science missions have included a fairly significant minimum cost reserve level. However, many projects that start with a strong reserve posture appear to experience as much or more cost growth than projects that have begun with less reserves. This study investigates cost reserves and performance for several space science missions and attempts

  3. Low-level radioactive waste regulation: Science, politics and fear

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1988-01-01

    An inevitable consequence of the use of radioactive materials is the generation of radioactive wastes and the public policy debate over how they will be managed. In 1980, Congress shifted responsibility for the disposal of low-level radioactive wastes from the federal government to the states. This act represented a sharp departure from more than 30 years of virtually absolute federal

  4. Optical sensing systems for primary-level science education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markey, Adam; Tyers, Bernard; Shepherd, Roderick; McEvoy, Aisling K.; MacCraith, Brian D.; Mikhak, Bakhtiar; Strohecker, Carol

    2003-03-01

    In the last three years, a number of Irish primary schools have been using LEGO Mindstorms technology in order to investigate the use of project-based learning as an alternative teaching tool. This has involved the use of LEGO bricks combined with standard electronic motors and some commercial sensors (e.g. temperature). In order to develop this project into the area of science education, we have developed a range of miniaturized optical sensors, which are compatible with the LEGO platform. This paper describes two such sensors that have been developed and fabricated for use with the LEGO platform, a collaboration between the MIT Media Lab and the National Centre for Sensor Research. In particular a working oxygen sensor has been designed and fabricated. The principal design features were compatibility with the programmable LEGO platforms and robustness for classroom use. This sensor uses the method of intensity quenching to determine oxygen concentration. In addition, simple color sensors have been produced. The aim of developing such sensors is to familiarize students with the concept of colour detection and to introduce them to the basic principles of spectroscopy. The performance of both sensor types and preliminary classroom results are reported.

  5. Cretaceous-Tertiary findings, paradigms and problems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Officer, C. B.; Drake, C. L.

    The asteroid hypothesis has stimulated numerous studies of the paleontological record at Cretaceous/Tertiary time as well as of geological indicators of environmental crisis preserved in the rock record. Both extinctions and geological anomalies often occur at times that do not appear to be synchronous or instantaneous. The record includes paleontological indicators of dinosaurs, terrestrial flora, marine planktonic organisms, and shallow water marine macrofauna and geological phenomena include occurrences of iridium and other platinum metals, trace elements, clay mineralogy, shocked minerals, soot, microspherules, and isotopes of osmium, strontium and carbon. These findings are reviewed in the context of the alternate hypotheses of an exogenic cause, involving either a single asteroid impact or multiple commentary impacts, and an endogenic cause, involving intense global volcanism and major sea level regression.

  6. FAMILY AND CONSUMER SCIENCES TEACHERS: LEVEL OF PREPARATION TO TEACH PREGNANT AND PARENTING TEENS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bettye P. Smith; Karen H. Jones; Helen C. Hall

    The purposes of this study were to determine family and consumer sciences (FCS) teachers' level of preparation for teaching parenting and employability skills, and the effect of years of teaching experience on their perceptions of their level of preparation to teach parenting and employability skills. A total of 309 (45%) participants responded to the questionnaire developed from a review of

  7. Effects of Brain-Based Learning Approach on Students' Motivation and Attitudes Levels in Science Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyurek, Erkan; Afacan, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of brain-based learning approach on attitudes and motivation levels in 8th grade students' science classes. The main reason for examining attitudes and motivation levels, the effect of the short-term motivation, attitude shows the long-term effect. The pre/post-test control group research model…

  8. Teaching "Digital Earth" technologies in Environmental Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Griffiths, J. A.

    2014-04-01

    As part of a review process for a module entitled "Digital Earth" which is currently taught as part of a BSc in Environmental Sciences program, research into the current provision of Geographical Information Science and Technology (GIS&T) related modules on UKbased Environmental Science degrees is made. The result of this search is used with DiBiase et al. (2006) "Body of Knowledge of GIS&T" to develop a foundation level module for Environmental Sciences. Reference is also made to the current provision geospatial analysis techniques in secondary and tertiary education in the UK, US and China, and the optimal use of IT and multimedia in geo-education.

  9. Endosymbiotic Gene Transfer in Tertiary Plastid-Containing Dinoflagellates

    PubMed Central

    Imanian, Behzad; Hehenberger, Elisabeth; Hirakawa, Yoshihisa; Maruyama, Shinichiro

    2014-01-01

    Plastid establishment involves the transfer of endosymbiotic genes to the host nucleus, a process known as endosymbiotic gene transfer (EGT). Large amounts of EGT have been shown in several photosynthetic lineages but also in present-day plastid-lacking organisms, supporting the notion that endosymbiotic genes leave a substantial genetic footprint in the host nucleus. Yet the extent of this genetic relocation remains debated, largely because the long period that has passed since most plastids originated has erased many of the clues to how this process unfolded. Among the dinoflagellates, however, the ancestral peridinin-containing plastid has been replaced by tertiary plastids on several more recent occasions, giving us a less ancient window to examine plastid origins. In this study, we evaluated the endosymbiotic contribution to the host genome in two dinoflagellate lineages with tertiary plastids. We generated the first nuclear transcriptome data sets for the “dinotoms,” which harbor diatom-derived plastids, and analyzed these data in combination with the available transcriptomes for kareniaceans, which harbor haptophyte-derived plastids. We found low level of detectable EGT in both dinoflagellate lineages, with only 9 genes and 90 genes of possible tertiary endosymbiotic origin in dinotoms and kareniaceans, respectively, suggesting that tertiary endosymbioses did not heavily impact the host dinoflagellate genomes. PMID:24297445

  10. Ketene reactions with tertiary amines.

    PubMed

    Allen, Annette D; Andraos, John; Tidwell, Thomas T; Vukovic, Sinisa

    2014-01-17

    Tertiary amines react rapidly and reversibly with arylketenes in acetonitrile forming observable zwitterions, and these undergo amine catalyzed dealkylation forming N,N-disubstituted amides. Reactions of N-methyldialkylamines show a strong preference for methyl group loss by displacement, as predicted by computational studies. Loss of ethyl groups in reactions with triethylamine also occur by displacement, but preferential loss of isopropyl groups in the phenylketene reaction with diisopropylethylamine evidently involves elimination. Quinuclidine rapidly forms long-lived zwitterions with arylketenes, providing a model for catalysis by cinchona and related alkaloids in stereoselective additions to ketenes. PMID:24359525

  11. Decision-Making in Secondary and Tertiary Interventions of School-Wide Systems of Positive Behavior Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Terrance M.; Alter, Peter J.; Rosenberg, Michael; Borgmeier, Chris

    2010-01-01

    Although the conceptual foundations of PBS at the universal level have been widely described and presented in the literature, secondary and tertiary interventions have been presented through very limited examples. This paper defines the key features of secondary and tertiary interventions and presents a decision-making process to guide schools…

  12. The effectiveness of take-home science kits at the elementary level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gennaro, Eugene; Lawrenz, Frances

    A major reason for the lack of scientific and technological literacy in this country is the lack of emphasis on high-quality science education at the elementary school level. The National Science Board Commission on Precollege Education in Mathematics, Science, and Technology states in its report (1983) that formal study of science must be reinforced by a wide range of activities outside the school. Learning in the home appears to be an excellent way to enhance elementary school science programs. Students who study with their parents or whose parents are involved in school activities achieve more in school. This study describes and presents evaluation data for a program that encourages elementary school students and their parents to study science topics in a hands-on, inquiry fashion in their own homes. The analyses of the data indicate that the program is viewed very positively by both the students and their parents, that there are gender and grade-level differences in the students, and that the program seems to be more effective for girls, a group at risk for continuing in science.

  13. Tertiary hypothyroidism in a dog

    PubMed Central

    2007-01-01

    A nine-year-old male entire Labrador was diagnosed with pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism. Following seven months of successful mitotane therapy, the dog presented with marked weight gain, seborrhoea and alopecia. Routine clinicopathological analyses revealed marked hypercholesterolaemia. Serum total and free thyroxine (T4) concentrations were below their respective reference ranges. Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (cTSH) concentration was within reference range. TSH and thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) response tests revealed adequate stimulation of total T4 in both, and cTSH in the latter test. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass arising from the pituitary fossa, with suprasellar extension. A diagnosis of tertiary hypothyroidism was made. Following four weeks of levothyroxine therapy, circulating cholesterol concentration had declined, weight loss had ensued and dermatological abnormalities had improved. Euthanasia was performed four months later due to the development of neurological signs. A highly infiltrative pituitary adenoma, with effacement of the overlying hypothalamus was identified on post mortem examination. Tertiary hypothyroidism has not been previously reported in dogs. PMID:21851691

  14. Asymmetric synthesis of tertiary thiols and thioethers

    PubMed Central

    MacLellan, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Summary Enantiomerically pure tertiary thiols provide a major synthetic challenge, and despite the importance of chiral sulfur-containing compounds in biological and medicinal chemistry, surprisingly few effective methods are suitable for the asymmetric synthesis of tertiary thiols. This review details the most practical of the methods available. PMID:21647256

  15. Tertiary Education Fees Public Opinion Poll, Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNair Anderson Associates Pty., Ltd., (Australia).

    The public reaction to the proposal that the Australian government should reintroduce fees for tertiary education was surveyed in 1985. The influence of the proposal on the way people would vote in a federal election was also investigated. The fee would be between $900 and $1,500 per year for full-time tertiary education. As part of a McNair…

  16. Report [of the] Committee on Tertiary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Australia.

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a Western Australian report on higher education in that state. The Committee recommended that a "Tertiary Education Commission" be established as an on-going body, to advise the Government on developments over the whole field of tertiary education and to encourage…

  17. Adapting Cooperative Learning in Tertiary ELT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ning, Huiping

    2011-01-01

    An updated guideline for tertiary ELT in China has shifted the emphasis to the development of learners' ability to communicate in English. Using group work and getting learners actively involved in the actual use of English are highlighted more than before. This article focuses on adapting cooperative learning methods for ELT with tertiary

  18. Tertiary Education and Training in Australia, 2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

    2012-01-01

    This publication presents information on tertiary education and training during 2010, including statistics on participation and outcomes. The definition of tertiary education and training adopted for this publication is formal study in vocational education and training (VET) and higher education, including enrolments in Australian Qualifications…

  19. Mixed-Sector Tertiary Education. Research Overview

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moodie, Gavin

    2012-01-01

    This research overview provides the key messages arising from two related projects investigating tertiary education institutions that have recently begun to offer tertiary programs outside the sector of their initial establishment and the sector of the majority of their enrolments. These are TAFE institutes offering higher education programs,…

  20. Understanding Secondary-Tertiary Transition in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Megan; Lovric, Miroslav

    2009-01-01

    In Clark and Lovric ("Suggestion for a theoretical model for secondary-tertiary transition in mathematics", "Math. Educ. Res. J." 20(2) (2008), pp. 25-37) we began developing a model for the secondary-tertiary transition in mathematics, based on the anthropological notion of a rite of passage. We articulated several reasons why we believe that the…

  1. Catalytic asymmetric synthesis of sterically hindered tertiary ?-aryl ketones.

    PubMed

    Doran, Robert; Guiry, Patrick J

    2014-10-01

    The catalytic asymmetric synthesis of a series of tertiary ?-aryl cyclopentanones and cyclohexanones has been accomplished via a Pd-catalyzed decarboxylative protonation of the corresponding ?-aryl-?-keto allyl esters. Enantioselectivities of up to 92% ee and 74% ee were achieved for cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone substrates, respectively. The route described gives access to these important structural motifs in moderate to high levels of enantioselectivity. In particular, this is only the second direct approach for the preparation of tertiary ?-aryl cyclopentanones. The synthetic approach allows for simple modification of the aryl group. Significantly, substrates containing sterically hindered aryl groups gave the highest levels of enantioselectivity, and these aryl groups were readily installed by a Pb-mediated arylation of a ?-keto allyl ester. PMID:25233274

  2. Extraterrestrial Cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary Extinction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luis W. Alvarez; Walter Alvarez; Frank Asaro; Helen V. Michel

    1980-01-01

    Platinum metals are depleted in the earth's crust relative to their cosmic abundance; concentrations of these elements in deep-sea sediments may thus indicate influxes of extraterrestrial material. Deep-sea limestones exposed in Italy, Denmark, and New Zealand show iridium increases of about 30, 160, and 20 times, respectively, above the background level at precisely the time of the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinctions, 65

  3. Earth Science Education in Cameroon: a case study from the University of Buea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. N. Ayonghe

    1999-01-01

    Cameroon is a bilingual country with French and English being the official languages. This bicultural status is linked to pre-independence colonisation of the territory. Consequently, two educational systems exist in formal schools, colleges and the university sector. Studies of Earth Science Education curricula in these systems show completely divergent approaches in colleges and at the Tertiary level. An assessment of

  4. Impact on the Implementation of bilingualism in science and mathematics teaching in Malaysian school system

    E-print Network

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Impact on the Implementation of bilingualism in science and mathematics teaching in Malaysian Understanding bilingualism in mathematics education and developing a principled instruction is a pressing issue. It is vital to examine the view of instructors from tertiary level, who are bilingual themselves, about

  5. ALMA Band 10 tertiary optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gonzalez, Alvaro; Uzawa, Yoshinori; Fujii, Yasunori; Kaneko, Keiko

    2011-11-01

    The ALMA Band 10 (787-950 GHz) receiver is a dual-polarization heterodyne system based on NbTiN superconducting technology. The coupling of energy from the secondary mirror of the ALMA Cassegrain antenna to the Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor (SIS) mixers used for down-conversion is achieved by a frequency-independent optical system composed of two elliptical mirrors to focus and redirect the incoming radiation, a wire-grid to separate orthogonal linear polarizations and two corrugated horns, one for each polarization and SIS mixer. In this paper, we present the ALMA Band 10 tertiary optics design and evaluate its performance by quasi-optical techniques, Physical Optics simulations and measurements. Detailed results of secondary aperture efficiency and beam-squint are provided. The characterization procedure described in this paper can be used for any optical system at around 1 THz.

  6. Computational techniques in tribology and material science at the atomic level

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferrante, J.; Bozzolo, G. H.

    1992-01-01

    Computations in tribology and material science at the atomic level present considerable difficulties. Computational techniques ranging from first-principles to semi-empirical and their limitations are discussed. Example calculations of metallic surface energies using semi-empirical techniques are presented. Finally, application of the methods to calculation of adhesion and friction are presented.

  7. Pre-Service Teachers' Knowledge and Teaching Comfort Levels for Agricultural Science and Technology Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wingenbach, Gary J.; White, Judith McIntosh; Degenhart, Shannon; Pannkuk, Tim; Kujawski, Jenna

    2007-01-01

    Self-efficacy beliefs are defined as context-specific assessments of one's competence to perform specific tasks, influence one's efforts, persistence, and resilience to succeed in a given task. Such beliefs are important determinants when considering agricultural science teachers' subject matter knowledge, teaching comfort levels, and their…

  8. Pedagogical Issues in Teaching Upper-Level Science Courses at a "Community University"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deutch, Charles E.; Jurutka, Peter W.; Marshall, Pamela A.

    2008-01-01

    The authors teach upper-level science courses in cell biology, genetics, and biochemistry at a public, four-year "community university" that serves a demographically diverse population of traditional and nontraditional students. In this article, they describe some of the issues they have found to be particularly significant at their "community…

  9. Probing the Natural World, Level III, Teacher's Edition: Winds and Weather. Intermediate Science Curriculum Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonar, John R., Ed.; Hathway, James A., Ed.

    This is the teacher's edition of one of eight units of the Intermediate Science Curriculum Study (ISCS) for level III students (grade 9). This unit focuses on weather, its measurement and prediction. Optional excursions are given for students who wish to study a topic in greater depth on an individualized basis. An introduction describes the…

  10. Probing the Natural World, Level III, Teacher's Edition: Investigating Variation. Intermediate Science Curriculum Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonar, John R., Ed.; Hathway, James A., Ed.

    This is the teacher's edition of one of the eight units of the Intermediate Science Curriculum Study (ISCS) for level III students (grade 9). This unit focuses on diversity in human populations, measurement, and data collection. Optional excursions are described for students who wish to study a topic in greater depth. An introduction describes…

  11. Population Education in Science: Some Sample Lessons for the Secondary Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    This booklet consists of six sample lessons integrating population education into science instruction. It is one of four in a series. Materials differ from those in an earlier series (1980) in that lessons are presented at the secondary level only; there is no duplication of lessons from the earlier series in terms of content and teaching…

  12. The Levels of Inquiry Matrix in developing written lesson plans for laboratory-centered science instruction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, William Robert

    This study examines the effectiveness of a full-semester inservice program in reforming the lesson planning practices of science teachers. The Levels of Inquiry Matrix was used as a model of inquiry focused, laboratory centered science instruction throughout the inservice program. Effective planning is crucial to the development and execution of good instruction and the Levels of Inquiry Matrix may serve as a tool toward reaching this goal. Thirty practicing science teachers completed courses designed to reform their teaching toward a greater emphasis on inquiry. The inservice teachers completed a background survey and wrote three lesson plans. The first was prepared prior to course treatment, the second was prepared at mid-course, and the third was prepared as a final project. A set of "Guidelines for Using the Levels of Inquiry Matrix" was prepared to aid in the objective classification of the level of inquiry planned for in each written lesson plan. Also, a list of permutations of the Levels of Inquiry Matrix was developed in order to classify the level of inquiry demonstrated by written lesson plans that did not match a sequence of student and teacher responsibility found on the Levels of Inquiry Matrix. The study demonstrated that inservice teachers in one of the two courses significantly improved in ability to write lesson plans that reflect greater levels of inquiry as defined by the Levels of Inquiry Matrix. The inservice teachers, in both courses, believed that they were planning for higher levels of inquiry than they actually demonstrated through the written lesson plans. They also believed they were improving in their ability to write lesson plans that reflected higher levels of inquiry whether they actually achieved this or not. No correlation was found between the inservice teachers' years of experience teaching science, educational background, certification status and the level of inquiry demonstrated by the lesson plans. Finally, the Inquiry Lesson Plan Form, developed for use in these courses, was found to be ineffective in focusing planning to reflect higher levels of inquiry.

  13. Application of CIPP model for evaluating the medical records education course at master of science level at Iranian medical sciences universities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nooshin Mohebbi; Faezeh Akhlaghi; Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian; Masumeh Khoshgam

    2011-01-01

    The data attempting to determine the acceptability level of context, inputs, processes, and outputs of the Medical Records Education Course at Master of Science Level at four Iranian Medical Sciences Universities have been gathered through the questionnaires that were developed by the researcher based on the CIPP evaluation model. As a result of the research it is found that all

  14. The understanding levels of preservice teachers’ of basic science concepts’ measurement units and devices, their misconceptions and its causes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özgül Keles; Hülya Ertas; Naim Uzun; Mustafa Cansiz

    2010-01-01

    In this study it is aimed to determine preservice science teachers’ and elementary teachers’ level of understanding about measurement units, and devices; and misconceptions about basic science concepts (mass, weight, density, heat, temperature, energy, specific heat etc.). The sample included 92 undergraduate students who are second year preservice elementary teacher; and first and second year elementary science teacher. In this

  15. Running head: STUDENTS' REASONING & LEVEL OF INTERACTIVITY 1 Students' Reasoning and the Level of Interactivity in Science Content Courses for Future

    E-print Network

    Zollman, Dean

    Running head: STUDENTS' REASONING & LEVEL OF INTERACTIVITY 1 Students' Reasoning and the Level #12;STUDENTS' REASONING & LEVEL OF INTERACTIVITY 2 Abstract As part of a study of the science preparation of elementary school teachers, we investigated the quality of students' reasoning and explored

  16. Tertiary aralkyl urethanes and isocyanates derived therefrom

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, B.; Chang, L.W.; Forgione, P.S.

    1984-03-27

    Production of tertiary aralkyl isocyanates, such as tetramethyl xylylene diisocyanates, by thermal cracking of corresponding urethanes formed by addition of corresponding olefins and carbamic acid esters at moderate temperatures and in the presence of acid catalyst.

  17. Tertiary paleomagnetic results from east Kalimantan 

    E-print Network

    Lumadyo, Leonard E. D

    1991-01-01

    (Fig. 1). Two groups of conflicting models concerning Tertiary rotation of Borneo exist in the literature. Based on plasticine models, land geology, and satellite observations in eastern Asia, Tapponnier et al. (1982; 1986) and Peltzer and Tapponnier...

  18. The Cretaceous/Tertiary Extinction Controversy Reconsidered.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCartney, Kevin; Nienstedt, Jeffrey

    1986-01-01

    Reviews varying positions taken in the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/Y) extinction controversy. Analyzes and contests the meteoritic impact theory known as the Alvarez Model. Presents an alternative working hypothesis explaining the K/T transition. (ML)

  19. The Changing Infrastructure of Tertiary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PEB Exchange, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Presents summaries of presentations delivered at the Programme on Educational Building seminar "The Changing Infrastructure of Tertiary Education", including topics on facility and educational quality, university building ownership, and indicators on strategic performance and equitable financing. (Contains Seminar conclusions.) (GR)

  20. Fractal Dimension and Tertiary Structure of Proteins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daniel, M.; Baskar, S.; Latha, M. M.

    We calculate the fractal dimensions of a set of 97 proteins selected from four different structural classes and establish their relationship with the local and global folding of the tertiary structure of these proteins.

  1. West Hackberry Tertiary Project, Class I

    SciTech Connect

    Haley, Kenneth A.; Gillham, Travis H.; Yannimaras, Demetrios

    2002-03-04

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the concept that air injection can generate tertiary oil recovery through the Double Displacement Process. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil through gravity drainage. The novel aspect of this project is the use of air as the injection fluid. In Gulf Coast oil reservoirs with pronounced bed dip, reservoir performance has shown that gravity drainage recoveries average 80% to 90% of the original oil in place while water drive recoveries average 50% to 60% of the original oil in place. The target for tertiary oil recovery with the Double Displacement Process is the incremental oil between the 50% to 60% water drive recoveries and the 80% to 90% gravity drainage recoveries.

  2. Concentrating aqueous acetate solutions with tertiary amines 

    E-print Network

    Lee, Champion

    1993-01-01

    Water may be extracted from aqueous calcium acetate or sodium acetate solutions using low miscibility, low molecular weight tertiary amines, e.g. triethylamine (TEA) and N,N- dietliylmethylaniine (DEMA). This novel extraction technology...

  3. The Next Generation of Scientists: Examining the Experiences of Graduate Students in Network-Level Social-Ecological Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michele Romolini; Sydne Record; Rebecca Garvoille; Yevgeniy Marusenko; R.Stuart Geiger

    2013-01-01

    By integrating the research and resources of hundreds of scientists from dozens of institutions, network-level science is fast becoming one scientific model of choice to address complex problems. In the pursuit to confront pressing environmental issues such as climate change, many scientists, practitioners, policy makers, and institutions are promoting network-level research that integrates the social and ecological sciences. To understand

  4. Government of India Department of Science & Technology

    E-print Network

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Government of India Department of Science & Technology Department of Biotechnology Australian for bilateral collaboration in science Jointly managed by Australian and Indian governments Supports & Technology (DST), Government of India & Department of Industry, Innovation, Science, Research and Tertiary

  5. Linguistic Resources Used in Grade 8 Students' Submicro Level Explanations—Science Items from TIMSS 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frändberg, Birgitta; Lincoln, Per; Wallin, Anita

    2013-12-01

    Explanations involving submicro levels of representation are central to science education, but known to be difficult for students in secondary school. This study examines students' written explanations of physical and chemical phenomena regarding matter and changes in matter, in a large-scale test. This is done in order to understand linguistic challenges in constructing submicro level explanations involving the particle model of matter. Drawing from systemic functional linguistics, the lexicogrammatics used in explanations for realising experiential meaning in student explanations were analysed. We used answers to two partly constructed response items from the Swedish part of Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies 2007, grade 8, to sort out explanations referring to the particle model of matter. These answers (86 from 954) were analysed regarding choices of vocabulary and grammar to distinguish between macro and submicro level of representation. The results show that students use a wide variety of lexicogrammatical resources to realise what happens on both macro and submicro level of representation, with greater diversity of verbs on the submicro level of explanation. The results suggest an uncertainty about the distinction between macro and submicro level of explanation.

  6. Alternative scheduling models and their effect on science achievement at the high school level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dostal, Jay Roland

    This study will evaluate alternative scheduling methods implemented in secondary level schools. Students were selected based on parent selection of programs. Traditional scheduling involves numerous academic subjects with small increments of time in each class and block scheduling focuses on fewer academic subjects and more instructional time. This study will compare office referral numbers, absence frequency, and Essential Learner Outcome (ELO) science strand scores in the 8th-grade (pretest) to the same students office referrals, absence frequency, and ELO science strand scores in the 11th-grade (posttest) between Seven Period Traditional Scheduling (SPTS) and Four Period Block Scheduling (FPBS) in the hopes that no matter what schedule students are a part of, the achievement results will be similar. (Study participants had completed both grade level ELO assessments and were continuously enrolled in one high school through their junior year.

  7. Conductance quantization: A laboratory experiment in a senior-level nanoscale science and technology course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tolley, R.; Silvidi, A.; Little, C.; Eid, K. F.

    2013-01-01

    We describe a simple, inexpensive, and robust undergraduate lab experiment that demonstrates the emergence of quantized conductance as a macroscopic gold wire is broken and unbroken. The experiment utilizes a mechanically controlled break junction and demonstrates how conductance quantization can be used to understand the importance of quantum mechanics at the nanoscale. Such an experiment can be integrated into the curriculum of a course on nanoscale science or contemporary physics at the junior and senior levels.

  8. Multiple-choice exams: an obstacle for higher-level thinking in introductory science classes.

    PubMed

    Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F

    2012-01-01

    Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not see the need to modify their study strategies for critical thinking, because the MC exam format has not changed. To test the effect of exam format, I used two sections of an introductory biology class. One section was assessed with exams in the traditional MC format, the other section was assessed with both MC and constructed-response (CR) questions. The mixed exam format was correlated with significantly more cognitively active study behaviors and a significantly better performance on the cumulative final exam (after accounting for grade point average and gender). There was also less gender-bias in the CR answers. This suggests that the MC-only exam format indeed hinders critical thinking in introductory science classes. Introducing CR questions encouraged students to learn more and to be better critical thinkers and reduced gender bias. However, student resistance increased as students adjusted their perceptions of their own critical-thinking abilities. PMID:22949426

  9. Multiple-Choice Exams: An Obstacle for Higher-Level Thinking in Introductory Science Classes

    PubMed Central

    Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F.

    2012-01-01

    Learning science requires higher-level (critical) thinking skills that need to be practiced in science classes. This study tested the effect of exam format on critical-thinking skills. Multiple-choice (MC) testing is common in introductory science courses, and students in these classes tend to associate memorization with MC questions and may not see the need to modify their study strategies for critical thinking, because the MC exam format has not changed. To test the effect of exam format, I used two sections of an introductory biology class. One section was assessed with exams in the traditional MC format, the other section was assessed with both MC and constructed-response (CR) questions. The mixed exam format was correlated with significantly more cognitively active study behaviors and a significantly better performance on the cumulative final exam (after accounting for grade point average and gender). There was also less gender-bias in the CR answers. This suggests that the MC-only exam format indeed hinders critical thinking in introductory science classes. Introducing CR questions encouraged students to learn more and to be better critical thinkers and reduced gender bias. However, student resistance increased as students adjusted their perceptions of their own critical-thinking abilities. PMID:22949426

  10. Moving toward equitable, systemic science education reform: The synergy among science education and school-level reforms in an urban middle school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Kathryn Kelly

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the relationships among school-level and science education reform efforts and how, collectively, they contribute to the progress of equitable, systemic science education reform. A case study research design was employed to gather both qualitative and quantitative data between 1995 and 1999. The site of this study is a non-selective,

  11. "Actually, I 'May' Be Clever Enough to Do It". Using Identity as a Lens to Investigate Students' Trajectories towards Science and University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krogh, Lars Brian; Andersen, Hanne Moeller

    2013-01-01

    We have followed a group of students in the potential pipeline for science through their last years of upper secondary school and in the context of a university mentorship program. The student group is defined by their choice of Mathematics at A-level which is mandatory for admission to tertiary STEM education in Denmark. Rich data (repeated…

  12. A Science Faculty's Transformation of Nature of Science Understanding into His Teaching Graduate Level Chemistry Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Sevgi

    2015-01-01

    This is an interpretive case study to examine the teaching of an experienced science faculty who had a strong interest in teaching undergraduate and graduate science courses and nature of science specifically. It was interested in how he transformed knowledge from his experience as a scientist and his ideas about nature of science into forms…

  13. Lecturers' Job Satisfaction in a Public Tertiary Institution in Singapore: Ambivalent and Non-Ambivalent Relationships between Job Satisfaction and Demographic Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, Emily Pakivathy; Phua, Seok Kheng

    2011-01-01

    Increasing lecturer turnover rates and fewer qualified recruits choosing a career in academia threaten the integrity of the tertiary education system in Singapore. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the relationship between lecturers' job satisfaction levels in a public tertiary institution and selected demographic variables. The study…

  14. Teaching English as a Second Language: A Handbook for Science. Curriculum Bulletin Number 75CBM5, Secondary Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Azios, Maria Leticia; And Others

    This course guide is intended for classroom use by teachers of secondary level science to Spanish-speaking students of English as a second language (ESL). Both science instruction and acquisition of English scientific terminology are emphasized, within the framework of increasing overall student proficiency in English. The book is prefaced with a…

  15. Elementary Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Science: Role of Grade Level, Gender, and Socio-Economic Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karaarslan, Guliz; Sungur, Semra

    2011-01-01

    This study examined grade level and gender difference with respect to elementary students' science and technology self-efficacy. Additionally, relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and self-efficacy was examined. A total of 145 elementary students participated in the study. Self efficacy towards Science and Technology Scale was used to…

  16. Hierarchical Effects of School-, Classroom-, and Student-Level Factors on the Science Performance of Eighth-Grade Taiwanese Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Liang-Ting; Yang, Chih-Chien

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to understand the effect of student-, classroom-, and school-level factors on the science performance of 8th-grade Taiwanese students in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 by using multilevel analysis. A total of 5,042 students from 153 classrooms of 150 schools participated in the TIMSS…

  17. Relationships of Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values, Ethical and Cognitive Developmental Levels, and Views of Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akerson, Valarie L.; Buzzelli, Cary A.

    2007-01-01

    This study explored relationships between preservice early childhood teachers' views of nature of science (NOS), cognitive developmental levels, and their cultural values. Using the Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire (VNOS-B) and interviews, we assessed views of NOS. The Learning Context Questionnaire (LCQ) was used to determine the…

  18. The Influence of Two Languages of Instruction on Students' Levels of Cognitive Development and Achievement in Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehindero, Olusola J.

    1980-01-01

    Examines whether instructing Nigerian primary children in science in their mother tongue (Yoruba) is any more efficacious than instructing them in science in the English language. Also assesses and compares the levels of cognitive development of two groups of Yoruba-speaking children, one instructed in Yoruba and another in English. (CS)

  19. Strategic Alliance to Advanced Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scarborough, Jule Dee

    2004-01-01

    This document (book) reports on the Strategic Alliance to Advance Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level, funded by National Science Foundation. It was a collaborative partnership involving the Rockford Public Schools, Rock Valley College, and Northern Illinois…

  20. A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

  1. The Science and Technology Pre-Service Teachers' Self-Efficacy Levels and Opinions about Alternative Assessment and Evaluation Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sasmaz Oren, Fatma; Ormanci, Ummuhan; Evrekli, Ertug

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to determine the science and technology pre-service teachers' self-efficacy levels and their opinions about alternative assessment and evaluation approaches. The study was carried out with the participation of 53 science and technology pre-service teachers studying in the Faculty of Education at Celal Bayar University. As…

  2. A Comparison of Middle and Junior High Science Teachers' Levels of Efficacy and Knowledge of Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum and Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schriver, Martha; Czerniak, Charlene M.

    1999-01-01

    Explains the relationship between middle school practices and teachers' self-efficacy beliefs. Studies the differences in science teacher efficacy and outcome expectancy, and compares teachers' self efficacy levels in middle and junior high schools. (Contains 57 references.) (YDS)

  3. 40 CFR 721.10669 - Tertiary amine alkyl ether (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Tertiary amine alkyl ether (generic). 721.10669 Section 721... § 721.10669 Tertiary amine alkyl ether (generic). (a) Chemical substance...identified generically as tertiary amine alkyl ether (PMN P-13-78) is subject to...

  4. Synthesis of secondary-tertiary acetylenic ? -glycols

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. A. Favorskaya; A. S. Medvedeva; V. M. Vlasov; G. G. Chichkareva

    1967-01-01

    1.The condensation of 1-pentyn-4-ol with different ketones gives secondary-tertiary d-glycols according to the Favorskii reaction. 1-(1-Hydroxycyclopentyl)-1-pentyn-4-ol was synthesized by the reaction of cyclopentanone and the Iotsich reagent from 1-pentyn-4-ol.2.The substitution of tetrahydrofuran for ether makes possible the increase of yields of glycols.

  5. Residual oil saturation and tertiary oil recovery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Blackwell

    1978-01-01

    Methods are needed for determining accurately the total amount and the distribution of oil remaining in a reservoir at the beginning of a tertiary oil recovery project. This work presents the state of the art of residual oil saturation measurements. It conveys a clear picture of how such measurements are made, their accuracy, and reliability. Finally, it presents an overall

  6. Constraints act as guide in tertiary planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Baijal

    1981-01-01

    Tertiary recovery methods often look promising, but the economic success of such operations largely depends on reliable evaluation of several parameters. Mathematical simulation can solve many of the problems if based on reliable parameters. Better results may be had if the results are checked by laboratory analysis of representative cores. At a minimum, data required for deciding on the type

  7. Tertiary Nothofagus macrofossils from Cethana, Tasmania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert S. Hill

    1984-01-01

    Two new Tertiary species of Nothofagus from the Early Eocene-Oligocene deposit at Cethana represent the first reports of fossil species which are not closely related to the extant Australian species N. moorei and N. cunninghamii. N. cethanica sp. nov. is most closely related to the extant New Zealand species N. fusca and N. truncata and gives further evidence of the

  8. Nothofagus macrofossils from the Tertiary of Tasmania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert S. Hill

    1983-01-01

    Leaves assignable to Nothofagus from two fossil deposits in Tasmania represent the first macrofossils of this genus from the Tertiary in southeastern Australia. One fossil species, N. johnstonii, is closely related to the extant Australian species N. cunninghamii while the other fossil species, N. tasmanica, has very close affinites with the extant Australian species N. moorei. All four of these

  9. Revisiting Examination Questions in Tertiary Academic Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Marilyn; Starks, Donna

    1997-01-01

    Evaluates Horowitz's (1989) test question categories in a different context from his North American study. Examines questions from two tertiary institutions in New Zealand and compares differences between New Zealand and American institutions. Results suggest that assessment workshops within an institution may be useful for standardizing…

  10. Indigenous Rights and Tertiary Education in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gale, Peter

    This paper examines the discourse on Aboriginal higher education in Australia from the 1960s through the 1990s through an analysis of educational reports and government policy documents on tertiary education. Early in this period, the focus was on education as "welfare," but the emphasis shifted towards equity in higher education policy during the…

  11. Palynological and iridium anomalies at Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, south-central Saskatchewan

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nichols, D.J.; Jarzen, D.M.; Orth, C.J.; Oliver, P.Q.

    1986-01-01

    The Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in south-central Saskatchewan is marked by coincident anomalies in abundance of iridium and fern spores at the extinction level of a suite of Cretaceous pollen taxa. Evidence of disruption of the terrestrial flora includes the fern-spore abundance anomaly and local extinction of as much as 30 percent of angiosperm species. The reorganized earliest Tertiary flora is made up largely of surviving species that assumed new roles of dominance. Persistence of climatically sensitive taxa across the boundary indicates that if paleoclimate was altered by the terminal Cretaceous event, it returned quickly to the pre-event condition.

  12. JUNE 2007 REDUCTION OF TERTIARY AMIDES TO TERTIARY AMINES 249 CHEMTRACTS--ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 20: 249252 (2007)

    E-print Network

    Charette, André

    2007-01-01

    and commentary by R.M. Kellogg, Syncom BV Condensation of the Research Purpose of the Study To develop a mild, metal-free synthetic method for the reduction of tertiary amides to tertiary amines Background At first from the condensation of ethyl acetoacetate, ammonia, and formaldehyde. #12;250 REDUCTION OF TERTIARY

  13. First Inversion: A Rationale for Implementing the "Flipped Approach" in Tertiary Music Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    For several reasons, current models of tertiary education seem unviable. A shifting educational landscape with rising student numbers, an increasingly diverse student cohort, and high levels of student disengagement have led to concerns about the continued relevance of "traditional" teaching and learning methods. At the same time, the…

  14. Chinese Tertiary English Educators' Perceptions of Foreign Teacher Involvement in Their Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleistein, Tasha Maria

    2013-01-01

    China continues to invite expatriate tertiary-level English language educators to teach. Foreign English language teachers and local Chinese English educators who wish to develop professionally have an ever-increasing body of research regarding Chinese culture, education, professional development, and intercultural communication; however, research…

  15. Occurrence and Implication of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) in tertiary wastewater Effluents Page 1 of 6

    E-print Network

    Brody, James P.

    GU, APRIL Occurrence and Implication of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) in tertiary wastewater wastewater effluents L. Liu1 , D. S. Smith2 , M. Bracken3 , J.B. Neethling4 , H.D. Stensel5 and S. Murthy6 levels (e.g. TPwastewater treatment plants. A few previous studies (Benisch et al., 2007

  16. Tertiary Success for the Aboriginal Student: The Numerous Factors Impacting on the Dream.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eltchelebi, Wadda

    This paper presents an overview of Aboriginal education in the state of Victoria, Australia, as a frame for the role of the Aboriginal Tertiary Support Unit (ATSU) at La Trobe University, Bendigo. At the elementary and secondary levels, Aboriginal advocacy and support are provided by the Victorian Aboriginal Education Association, which promotes…

  17. Achievement motivation level in students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and its influential factors

    PubMed Central

    KAVOUSIPOUR, SOMAYEH; NOORAFSHAN, ALI; POURAHMAD, SAEEDEH; DEHGHANI-NAZHVANI, ALI

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Many studies have investigated the relationship between motivation and educational outcomes. The present study was conducted to determine whether the students’ motivation in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS) decreases during educational years. Methods: 770 students in SUMS were selected by multi-stage stratified random sampling from each field and entrance year. The first questionnaire contained 57 questions on the effect of economic, social, educational, geographical and personality factors on the students’ motivation. The second one was based on 50 incomplete sentences. The validity and reliability of these questionnaires were approved by the experts and Cronbach's Alpha coefficients (85% and 90%, respectively). In this cross-sectional study, ANOVA, t-test and Chi-square tests were applied for data analysis at the 0.05 significance level. Results: Six factors with the most effect on academic motivation were "family attitudes", "getting good jobs in future", "respect for themselves", " the ability to learn", "believing their role in victory and defeat" and "the tendency toward optimism about themselves". In addition, comparing professional doctorate and basic sciences’ results revealed no significant relationship between academic motivation and educational years (F=0.819, p=0.397). But comparing field by field showed that Dentistry and Hospital Management and Medical Information (HMMI) had a significant decrease in motivation score by increase in educational years (F=3.991, p=0.015). Conclusion: Achievement motivation level in SUMS students was higher than average and did not decrease during educational years. Also, the results showed that personal, social and educational related factors affected motivation level more than economic and environmental factors. PMID:25587552

  18. Stressors to student nurses beginning tertiary education: an Australian study.

    PubMed

    Thyer, S E; Bazeley, P

    1993-10-01

    Stress placed upon student nurses entering tertiary education during a period of rapid change in the Australian system was examined. Overall findings were consistent with research elsewhere, for example, regarding students' experience of anxiety created in particular through assessment requirements. Older students experienced greater anxiety than others in relation to the science components of the curriculum; other groups were also found to experience particular problems. Changes in course design and appropriate support strategies which reduce stress for beginning students are likely to contribute to an improvement in student performance and a decrease in student attrition, and are deemed to be essential if nursing is truly to be viewed as a caring profession. PMID:8232141

  19. The effect of the development of an emergency transfer system on the travel time to tertiary care centres in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Miwa, Makiko; Kawaguchi, Hiroyuki; Arima, Hideaki; Kawahara, Kazuo

    2006-01-01

    Background In Japan, the emergency medical system is categorized into three levels: primary, secondary, and tertiary, depending on the severity of the condition of the patient. Tertiary care centres accept patients who require 24-h monitoring. In this research, the average travel times (minutes) from the centroids of all municipalities in Japan to the nearest tertiary care centre were estimated, using the geographic information system. The systems affecting travel time to tertiary care centres were also examined. Regression analysis was performed to determine the factors affecting the travel time to tertiary care centres, using selected variables representing road conditions and the emergency transfer system. Linear regression analysis was performed to identify specific benchmarks that would be effective in reducing the average travel time to tertiary care centres in prefectures with travel times longer than the average 57 min. Results The mean travel time was 57 min, the range was 83 min, and the standard deviation was 20.4. As a result of multiple regression analysis, average coverage area per tertiary care centre, kilometres of highway road per square kilometre, and population were selected as variables with impact on the average travel time. Based on results from linear regression analysis, benchmarks for the emergency transfer system that would effectively reduce travel time to the mean value of 57 min were identified: 26% pavement ratio of roads (percentage of paved road to general roads), and three tertiary care centres and 108 ambulances. Conclusion Regional gaps in the travel time to tertiary care centres were identified in Japan. The systems we should focus on to reducing travel time were identified. Further reduction of travel time to tertiary care centres can be effectively achieved by improving these specific systems. Linear regression analysis showed that a 26% pavement ratio and three tertiary care centres are beneficial to prefectures with an average time longer than the mean score, to achieve a reduction of travel time. Measures for reducing travel time need to be considered in policy-making to re-evaluate the current locations of tertiary care centres to provide equality of access to emergency medicine. PMID:16749943

  20. Clusters, Innovation and Tertiary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madgett, Paul; Belanger, Charles H.; Mount, Joan

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the integration between research findings produced at the University and Community College levels and local SMEs (small and medium enterprises) as it impacts regional innovation systems and in particular the prospect of cluster formation. The paper explores certain factors that have been identified in…

  1. An investigation of factors affecting elementary female student teachers' choice of science as a major at college level in Zimbabwe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mlenga, Francis Howard

    The purpose of the study was to determine factors affecting elementary female student teachers' choice of science as a major at college level in Zimbabwe. The study was conducted at one of the Primary School Teachers' Colleges in Zimbabwe. A sample of two hundred and thirty-eight female student teachers was used in the study. Of these one hundred and forty-two were non-science majors who had been randomly selected, forty-one were science majors and forty-five were math majors. Both science and math majors were a convenient sample because the total enrollment of the two groups was small. All the subjects completed a survey questionnaire that had sixty-eight items. Ten students from the non-science majors were selected for individual interviews and the same was done for the science majors. A further eighteen were selected from the non-science majors and divided into three groups of six each for focus group interviews. The same was done for the science majors. The interviews were audio taped and transcribed. Data from the survey questionnaires were analyzed using Binary Logistic Regression which predicted factors that affected students' choice of science as a major. The transcribed interview data were analyzed used using domain, taxonomic and componential analyses. Results of the study indicated that elementary female students' choice of science as a major at college level is affected by students' attitudes toward science, teacher behavior, out-of-school experiences, role models, gender stereotyping, parental influence, peer influence, in-school experiences, and societal expectations, namely cultural and social expectations.

  2. Integrating Hands-On Undergraduate Research in an Applied Spatial Science Senior Level Capstone Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kulhavy, David L.; Unger, Daniel R.; Hung, I-Kuai; Douglass, David

    2015-01-01

    A senior within a spatial science Ecological Planning capstone course designed an undergraduate research project to increase his spatial science expertise and to assess the hands-on instruction methodology employed within the Bachelor of Science in Spatial Science program at Stephen F Austin State University. The height of 30 building features…

  3. Ethanol and tertiary butanol induced microcephaly in the neonatal rat: comparison of brain growth parameters.

    PubMed

    Grant, K A; Samson, H H

    1982-01-01

    Neonatal rats were reared using an artificial feeding technique from postnatal day 4 through 18. On Postnatal Days 4 through 7, corresponding to the onset of the brain growth spurt, some animals were administered either ethanol or tertiary butanol in the milk formula, with the remaining animals serving as controls. The alcohol dosages were equated to each other by membrane to buffer partition coefficients. Following the 4 day alcohol exposure, all animals were given the plain milk formula until Day 18, when they were decapitated and various organ weights measured. The only significant weight differences between alcohol-exposed animals and controls were absolute brain weights and brain weight/body weight ratios, which were decreased in both alcohol groups. Biochemical analysis of the brains showed similar DNA levels for the ethanol, tertiary butanol, and control group forebrain samples. Both alcohol groups had significantly lower DNA levels than the control group for the hindbrain samples. Cholesterol levels and cholesterol/DNA ratios indicated that ethanol, but not tertiary butanol, impaired myelination and/or arborization. Total protein and protein/DNA ratios suggested that ethanol interfered with protein production and/or incorporation. The tertiary butanol animals did not show this deficit. The results imply that while exposure to either alcohol during the brain growth spurt can lead to microcephaly, the ethanol-induced alteration of myelin formation and protein production in neonatal brain tissue may be due to additional properties of ethanol. PMID:7099351

  4. Archival Legacy Investigation of Circumstellar Environments (ALICE). Candidates point sources and high-level science products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choquet, Elodie; Chen, C.; Debes, J. H.; Golimowski, D. A.; Hagan, J.; Hines, D. C.; Lonsdale, S.; Marois, C.; Mawet, D.; Mittal, T.; Moerchen, M.; N'Diaye, M.; Perrin, M. D.; Pueyo, L.; Rajan, A.; Reid, I. N.; Schneider, G.; Wolff, S.; Soummer, R.

    2014-01-01

    The Archival Legacy Investigation of Circumstellar Environments (ALICE) project (HST/AR program 12652; PI Soummer) is currently conducting a comprehensive and consistent reprocessing of HST-NICMOS coronagraphic survey data to search for point sources and disks using advanced PSF subtraction. The Karhunen-Loeve Image Projection (KLIP) algorithm based on principal component analysis was developed for this project. We present the main concept for the pipeline, reduction strategy, and PSF subtraction implementation and performance. The ALICE pipeline was designed to process automatically approximately 400 targets in the NICMOS coronagraphic archive, and to deliver High-Level Science Products (HLSPs) back to the MAST archive at STScI. The HLSPs are defined in collaboration with other similar projects to define a standard format for high-contrast imaging. We present and discuss the ALICE point source candidates detected in the NICMOS archive together with a statistical analysis of the population of background objects.

  5. Study of cardiovascular risk factors among tertiary hospital employees and their families?

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Divya; Vatsa, Manju; Lakshmy, Ramakrishnan; Narang, Rajiv; Bahl, Vinay Kumar; Gupta, Sanjeev Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among administrative employees working at a tertiary hospital (All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi) and their families. Methods and results A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a total of 453 individuals aged 30 years and above. The mean age of the study group was 43.3 ± 9.5 years. There was a high prevalence of major cardiovascular risk factors – current smoking 58 (12.8%), tobacco consumption 26 (5.7%), family history of coronary artery disease 79 (17.4%), diabetes mellitus 25 (5.8%), hypertension 94 (20.7%), hypercholesterolemia 110 (25.7%), hypertriglyceridemia 148 (34.5%), physical inactivity 180 (39.7%), body mass index ?23 kg/m2 350 (77.3%), central obesity 201 (80.1%) of males and 163 (80.7%) of females, inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption 387 (85.4%), heavy drinking 12 (2.6%), and stress 58 (12.7%). Conclusion This indicates an urgent need to initiate a comprehensive health promotion and cardiovascular disease prevention programme at workplace and community level. PMID:22929817

  6. NASA Top-level Science Question: What are the effects of gaseous and particulate emissions and climate variability and change on global atmospheric composition,

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    NASA Top-level Science Question: What are the effects of gaseous and particulate emissions Question Mission Science Questions Mission Science Objectives 1. What are the emission patterns in atmospheric composition affect ozone, climate, and regional/global air quality? Elements of the Science

  7. Longitudinal Investigation of Elementary Students' Science Academic Achievement in 4-8th Grades: Grade Level and Gender Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bursal, Murat

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the change of the science academic achievement by grade level and gender where 222 elementary students' science and technology course scores between the 4th and 8th grades and science success percentages in 6th and 8th grades Level Determination Exam were longitudinally analyzed. Based on the findings of this study,…

  8. PROBLEM SOLVING AND WEB RESOURCES AT TERTIARY LEVEL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Cazes; Ghislaine Gueudet; Magali Hersant; Fabrice Vandebrouck

    We organised two experimental teaching designs involving web resources in two different French universities. In this paper, we describe these experiments and analyse the students' behaviours. Our aim is to observe whether the use of specific online resources favours the development of problem-solving activities.

  9. International Education: A Tertiary-Level Industry Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidoo, Vikash

    2006-01-01

    Recent developments in the international education industry are notable in three respects. First, international student mobility has more than doubled in the last two decades or so. Second, programme mobility encompassing distance education has also led to new forms of cross-border education. Third, institution mobility through such commercial…

  10. Mid-tertiary ash flow tuff cauldrons, southwestern New Mexico

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elston, W. E.

    1984-01-01

    Characteristics of 28 known or suspected mid-Tertiary ash-flow tuff cauldrons in New Mexico are described. The largest region is 40 km in diameter, and erosional and block faulting processes have exposed levels as far down as the plutonic roots. The study supports a five-stage process: precursor, caldera collapse, early post-collapse, volcanism, major ring-fracture volcanism, and hydrothermal activity. The stages can repeat or the process can stop at any stage. Post-collapse lavas fell into two categories: cauldron lavas, derived from shallow defluidized residues of caldera-forming ash flow tuff eruption, and framework lavas, evolved from a siliceous pluton below the cauldron complex. The youngest caldera was shallow and formed from asymmetric subsidence and collapse of the caldera walls.

  11. A response to the problems of teaching a highly technical subject to students without A-level Maths or Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E H Billett; W G Owen

    Brunel University offers a BSc in Industrial Design with a high technology content. Crucially we teach the Mechanics, Electrics and Materials in the same language as would be used to teach engineers. Ideally this course has recruited students who had A-level Maths as well as a good portfolio of Art and Design work, together with additional Science or D&T A-levels.

  12. Lower Tertiary laterite on the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge and the Thulean land bridge

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Nilsen, T.H.

    1978-01-01

    CORES of a lower Tertiary lateritic palaeosol resting on basalt were recovered1 from Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 336 (Leg 38) on the north-east flank of the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge (Fig. 1), a major aseismic oceanic ridge that, together with Iceland, forms the Icelandic transverse ridge 2. The transverse ridge extends from the West European continental margin to the East Greenland continental margin, forming the geographic boundary and a partial barrier to flow of water between the Norwegian-Greenland Sea to the north and the northern North Atlantic Ocean to the south. The palaeosol indicates that at least part of the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge was above sea level during early Tertiary time3. Palaeogeographic and palaeooceanographic reconstructions suggest that it formed the main part of the Thulean land bridge that connected South-east Greenland and the Faeroe islands during the early Tertiary4. This report summarises the subsidence history of the Iceland-Faeroe Ridge relative to early Tertiary seafloor spreading, basaltic volcanism, and the development of the proposed Thulean land bridge. ?? 1978 Nature Publishing Group.

  13. Perceptions and Perceived Knowledge Levels of Texas Public School Superintendents Regarding the Agricultural Science and Technology Program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dwayne Pavelock; Paul Vaughn; Lance Kieth

    2001-01-01

    The superintendent is a public school district's highest academic officer. The success of an agricultural science and technology program can be dependent on whether the superintendent recognizes the program as a vital part of the school and society. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions and perceived knowledge levels of Texas public school superintendents regarding

  14. A study of the levels of understanding of physical science concepts of K--8 preservice and inservice teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Tillman Kennon

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the level of understanding of basic physical science concepts of four groups of K--8 inservice and preservice teachers. The groups included in the study were as follows: Milken national award winning teachers, Arkansas K--8 teachers, and two groups of preservice teachers at an Arkansas university. The test and questionnaire instrument

  15. A Study on Prospective Science Teachers' Knowledge and Achievement Levels in Mathematical Logic in Electricity-Related Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Ismail

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to reveal prospective science teachers' knowledge and achievement levels in electricity-related subjects. The data for the study were collected from 44 prospective teachers using three measurement tools. The data were then analyzed using software developed for the Probability and Possibility Calculation Statistics…

  16. Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002) 203231 Sea-level changes at the LGM from ice-dynamic reconstructions of

    E-print Network

    Huybrechts, Philippe

    2002-01-01

    Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002) 203­231 Sea-level changes at the LGM from ice cycles, to reconstruct their thickness and extent at the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), and to estimate with grounding line changes of the West Antarctic ice sheet. At the LGM, the grounding line extended close

  17. Vibrational analysis of tertiary alkyl bromides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crowder, G. A.; Richardson, Mary Townsends; Gross, Lorelei

    Infrared spectra have been obtained for 2-bromo-2-methylpentane and 3-bromo-3-methylpentane. Both compounds exist in THHH and TCHH conformations. Normal coordinate calculations were made for these two compounds and for 2-bromo-2-methylbutane, using the 44-parameter modified valence force field that was used for tertiary chlorides. Fifteen force constants were adjusted to fit 169 frequencies below 1500 cm-1 of six molecules (two each for the three named compounds) with an average error of 5.6 cm-1. Vibrational assignments are presented.

  18. Vibrational analysis of tertiary alkyl bromides

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crowder, G. A.; Richardson, Mary Townsends; Gross, Lorelei

    1982-11-01

    Infrared spectra have been obtained for 2-bromo-2-methylpentane and 3-bromo-3-methylpentane. Both compounds exist in THHH and TCHH conformations. Normal coordinate calculations were made for these two compounds and for 2-bromo-2-methylbutane, using the 44-parameter modified valence force field that was used for tertiary chlorides. Fifteen force constants were adjusted to fit 169 frequencies below 1500 cm -1 of six molecules (two each for the three named compounds) with an average error of 5.6 cm -1. Vibrational assignments are presented.

  19. Tertiary Paleogeography and Tectonic History, Central Arizona

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ronald Blakey

    This website presents images and text depicting the paleogeography and tectonic evolution of central Arizona during the Tertiary period. Emphasis is on an evolving Oligocene to Miocene drainage system that documents the existence of the Mogollon Rim, the southern physiographic boundary of the Colorado Plateau. The goal of this page is to demonstrate the evolution of stream systems in relation to complex, dynamic, tectonic events in the Southwest including the Laramide orogeny, Cenozoic core complexes, Basin and Range faulting, and Cenozoic volcanism. This is done through photographs, stratigraphic columns and cross-sections of area geology.

  20. Families, Economies, Cultures, and Science Achievement in 41 Countries: Country, School, and Student-Level Analyses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ming Ming Chiu

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the links between students' families and science achievement across many countries. Science tests and questionnaire responses of 107,834 fifteen-year-olds in 41 countries were analyzed with multilevel analyses. Students had higher science scores if they were native born, lived with two parents, lived without grandparents, lived with fewer siblings (especially older ones), had more educational resources, had more

  1. 40 CFR 721.10090 - Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic). 721...Substances § 721.10090 Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic). ...identified generically as tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (PMN...

  2. Evaluation of constructivist pedagogy: Influence on critical thinking skills, science fair participation and level of performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robbie Evelyn Foxx

    2001-01-01

    Science education reform, driven by a rapidly advancing technological society, demands the attention of both elementary and middle school curriculum-developers. Science education training in current standards (National Research Council [NRC] Standards 1996) emphasize inquiry, which is reported to be a basic tenet of the theory known as constructivism (NAASP, 1996; Cohen, 1988; Conley, 1993; Friedman, 1999; Newman, Marks, & Gamoran,

  3. Elementary Science Supplement to the Syllabus. Level I (Ages 4 through 7).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    Developed to complement existing elementary science programs, the materials in this first volume of New York's Elementary Science Supplement to the Syllabus emphasize a direct experience, hands-on approach for children of ages 4 through 7. Major sections include: (1) guidelines for program activities (explaining the organizational format of the…

  4. Science Seeker: A New Model for Teaching Information Literacy to Entry-Level Biology Undergraduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petzold, Jacquelyn; Winterman, Brian; Montooth, Kristi

    2010-01-01

    In order to integrate library instruction seamlessly into an introductory biology course, two librarians collaborated with a biology faculty member to create a three-part series of instruction sessions known as the Science Seeker. The Science Seeker taught students about the structure of scientific information by tracing the path that discoveries…

  5. Correlated Curriculum Program: An Experimental Program. Science Level 1 (9A, 9B, 10A).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loebl, Stanley, Ed.; And Others

    The unit plans in Correlated Science 1 are intended to be of use to the teacher in both lesson and team planning. The course in science was designed for optimum correlation with the work done in business, health, and industrial careers. Behavioral objectives, class routines, time allotments, student evaluation, and the design of the manual are…

  6. Unified Science Approach K-12, Proficiency Levels 13-21 and Semester Courses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oickle, Eileen M., Ed.

    Presented is the third part of the K-12 unified science materials used in the public schools of Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Detailed descriptions are presented for the roles of students and teachers, purposes of bibliography, major concepts in unified science, processes of inquiry, scheme and model for scientific literacy, and program…

  7. Determining the Effectiveness of the 3D Alice Programming Environment at the Computer Science I Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sykes, Edward R.

    2007-01-01

    Student retention in Computer Science is becoming a serious concern among Educators in many colleges and universities. Most institutions currently face a significant drop in enrollment in Computer Science. A number of different tools and strategies have emerged to address this problem (e.g., BlueJ, Karel Robot, etc.). Although these tools help to…

  8. The Development of a Proposed Model for Secondary School Level Physical Science Content Structure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Gary Dean

    Developed was a diagrammatic model of basic physical science content structure which included substantive components common to physics and chemistry selected from the Physical Science Study Committee (PSSC) physics and the Chemical Education Materials Study (CHEMS) chemistry texts. A descriptive rationale for the model was written which gave a…

  9. Testing the Waters in Teaching: A Qualitative Study on Graduate-Level Intern Science Teachers' Motivations for Entry into Teaching in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hsiou-Huai

    2011-01-01

    The teaching profession has difficulties in recruiting high-quality science teachers in many countries and many beginning science teachers would leave after their first year of teaching. As Taiwan has recently been able to recruit many graduate-level science students into teachers' training programs, it is important to investigate if these…

  10. Developing partnerships for implementing continental-scale citizen science programs at the local-level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Newman, S. J.; Henderson, S.; Ward, D.

    2012-12-01

    Project BudBurst is a citizen science project focused on monitoring plant phenology that resides at the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON, Inc). A central question for Project BudBurst and other national outreach programs is: what are the most effective means of engaging and connecting with diverse communities throughout the country? How can continental scale programs like NEON's Project BudBurst engage audiences in such a way as to be relevant at both the local and continental scales? Staff with Project BudBurst pursued partnerships with several continental scale organizations: the National Wildlife Refuge System, the National Park Service, and botanic gardens to address these questions. The distributed nature of wildlife refuges, national parks, and botanic gardens around the country provided the opportunity to connect with participants locally while working with leadership at multiple scales. Project BudBurst staff talked with hundreds of staff and volunteers prior to setting a goal of obtaining and developing resources for several Refuge Partners, a pilot National Park partner, and an existing botanic garden partner during 2011. We were especially interested in learning best practices for future partnerships. The partnership efforts resulted in resource development for 12 Refuge partners, a pilot National Park partner, and 2 botanic garden partners. Early on, the importance of working with national level leaders to develop ownership of the partner program and input about resource needs became apparent. Once a framework for the partnership program was laid out, it became critical to work closely with staff and volunteers on the ground to ensure needs were met. In 2012 we began to develop an online assessment to allow our current and potential partners to provide feedback about whether or not the partnership program was meeting their needs and how the program could be improved. As the year progressed, the timeline for resource development became more of a suggestion than a set schedule. Maintaining flexibility was critical to the success of the partnerships. Unanticipated fieldwork, new priorities within organizations, and differing levels of involvement from partner staff, advisory boards, or Friends groups, led to varying resource development timelines. The distributed nature of and the willingness of partner staff and volunteers to implement Project BudBurst at their facilities have broadened the participation of the public in this program more than could have been accomplished alone. The new partners benefit from the free and customized education and outreach materials provided by Project BudBurst, while Project BudBurst benefits from the local knowledge and contacts with the public from the partner organizations.

  11. Content, format, gender and grade level differences in elementary students' ability to read science materials as measured by the cloze procedure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Richard L.; Yore, Larry D.

    Present instructional trends in science indicate a need to reexamine a traditional concern in science education: the readability of science textbooks. An area of reading research not well documented is the effect of color, visuals, and page layout on readability of science materials. Using the cloze readability method, the present study explored the relationships between page format, grade level, sex, content, and elementary school students ability to read science material. Significant relationships were found between cloze scores and both grade level and content, and there was a significant interaction effect between grade and sex in favor of older males. No significant relationships could be attributed to page format and sex. In the area of science content, biological materials were most difficult in terms of readability followed by earth science and physical science. Grade level data indicated that grade five materials were more difficult for that level than either grade four or grade six materials were for students at each respective level. In eight of nine cases, the science text materials would be classified at or near the frustration level of readability. The implications for textbook writers and publishers are that science reading materials need to be produced with greater attention to readability and known design principles regarding visual supplements. The implication for teachers is that students need direct instruction in using visual materials to increase their learning from text material. Present visual materials appear to neither help nor hinder the student to gain information from text material.

  12. Molecular epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated from non-tertiary-care and tertiary-care hospitals in Korea.

    PubMed

    Jung, M K; Ahn, S H; Lee, W G; Lee, E H

    2014-11-01

    This study compared the molecular characteristics of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) isolates recovered from 20 non-tertiary-care hospitals (36 isolates) and three tertiary-care hospitals (26 isolates) in diverse geographical areas of Korea from October 2010 to April 2011. All isolates carried the vanA gene only, but 42% and 73% of non-tertiary and tertiary-care isolates expressed the VanB phenotype (teicoplanin minimum inhibitory concentration ?16 ?g/ml). All isolates harboured insertion sequences, IS1542 and IS1216V, within Tn1546. The isolates from tertiary-care hospitals tended to have reduced Tn1546 lengths by deletion of sequences adjacent to IS elements. Multilocus sequence typing revealed eight sequence types within clonal complex 17 (CC17), but DNA fingerprinting by rep-PCR did not show clonal relatedness between the intra- and inter-hospital isolates. These results suggest that vanA, which has prevailed in tertiary-care hospitals of Korea since the 1990s, had been transferred horizontally to non-tertiary-care hospitals while the genetic rearrangement driven by evolutionary adaptation to adverse environments may have occurred in tertiary-care hospitals. PMID:25267406

  13. Pre-Service Science Teachers' Written Argumentation Qualities: From the Perspectives of Socio- Scientific Issues, Epistemic Belief Levels and Online Discussion Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isbilir, Erdinc; Cakiroglu, Jale; Ertepinar, Hamide

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between pre-service science teachers' written argumentation levels about socio-scientific issues and epistemic belief levels in an online discussion environment. A mixed-methods approach was used: 30 Turkish pre-service science teachers contributed with their written argumentations to four…

  14. LLview: User-level Monitoring in Computational Grids and e-Science Infrastructures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolfgang Frings; Morris Riedel; Achim Streit; Daniel Mallmann; Sven van den Berghe; David Snelling; Vivian Li

    2007-01-01

    Large-scale scientic research often relies on the collaborative use of Grid and e-Science infrastructures that oer a wide variety of Grid resources for scientists. While many production Grid projects and e- Science infrastructures have begun to oer services for the usage of computational resources to end-users during the past several years, the absence of a widely accepted standard for tracing

  15. Aqueous flooding methods for tertiary oil recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Peru, Deborah A. (Bartlesville, OK)

    1989-01-01

    A method of aqueous flooding of subterranean oil bearing formation for tertiary oil recovery involves injecting through a well into the formation a low alkaline pH aqueous sodium bicarbonate flooding solution. The flooding solution's pH ranges from about 8.25 to 9.25 and comprises from 0.25 to 5 weight percent and preferably about 0.75 to 3.0 weight percent of sodium bicarbonate and includes a petroleum recovery surfactant of 0.05 to 1.0 weight percent and between 1 and 20 weight percent of sodium chloride. After flooding, an oil and water mixture is withdrawn from the well and the oil is separated from the oil and water mixture.

  16. Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Groundwater Contamination

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), a fuel additive, is highly mobile in groundwater, dissolving and traveling faster than the other petroleum constituents which tend to biodegrade and adsorb to soil particles. This unit will introduce the problem of pollutants as they move through the various soil layers and contaminate the groundwater and challenge the students to investigate the effects of MTBE spills in the environment by researching the available literature on fuel oxygenates and learning their mode of transport through the soil. Experimentally determined data, obtained in lab activities, will facilitate building models of the contamination process of the groundwater. Mathematics modeling will involve the use of spreadsheet analysis of real-world-data obtained online.

  17. Multi-Level Models of Internalizing Disorders and Translational Developmental Science: Seeking Etiological Insights that can Inform Early Intervention Strategies.

    PubMed

    Allen, Nicholas B; Dahl, Ronald E

    2015-07-01

    This commentary discusses the articles in this special section with an emphasis on the specific utility of multivariate, multi-level models in developmental psychopathology for ultimately contributing to both etiologic insights and translational advances. These issues are considered not only in terms of the specific papers, but also within a larger set of questions regarding the opportunities (and challenges) currently facing the field. We describe why we believe this an exciting time for integrative team-science approaches to tackle these challenges-a time that holds great promise for rapid advances in integrative developmental science that includes a biological level of mechanistic understanding. In order to facilitate this, we outline a range of approaches within both translational neuroscience and translational developmental science that can be used as frameworks for understanding how such research can provide etiologic insights regarding real-world targets at the level of social, behavioral, and affective processes that can be modified during key developmental windows of opportunity. We conclude that a "construct validity" framework, where biological data form a critical, but not privileged, component of key etiological mechanisms, combined with a developmental perspective on key period of sensitivity to intervention effects, is most likely to provide significant translational outcomes. PMID:25947071

  18. Enabling New Students To Examine Their Expectations of Distance Learning. Some Examples from British and Australian Tertiary Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkwood, Adrian

    Any advice and guidance offered to students about to embark on tertiary level distance education courses should help them to address problems that are not only practical and organizational, but also educational and intellectual. Students need to consider the suitability of distance education for their needs and circumstances as well as the…

  19. Suffering for one's art: Performance related musculoskeletal disorders in tertiary performing arts students in music and dance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dianna T. Kenny; Justine Cormack; Rosemary Martin

    2009-01-01

    The study reports the results of an intake questionnaire assessing point prevalence of performance related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMD) and pain in 151 tertiary level performing arts students in music and dance. Forty percent reported having received a medical diagnosis for a condition related to playing their instrument or performing their dance style. The most common diagnoses for music students were

  20. Comparison of anxiety levels of students in introductory earth science and geology courses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Westerback, Mary E.; Gonzalez, Clemencia; Primavera, Louis H.

    Students in geology and earth science courses were not anxious about taking these courses as measured by the State-Triat Anxiety Inventory. Students in each course were split into two grade groups. It was shown that students whose grades were in the higher group had low anxiety, which continued to be reduced during the course. Students in the lower grade group had high anxiety, which increased during the course. There was no difference between anxiety scores of males and females. In general, students who planned to elect additional courses had lower state anxiety and higher grades than students who did not plan to elect additional courses in geology and earth science.

  1. Unheard voices: outcomes of tertiary care for treatment-refractory psychosis

    PubMed Central

    Sarkar, S. Neil; Tracy, Derek K.; Fernandez, Maria-Jesus Mateos; Nalesnik, Natasza; Dhillon, Gurbinder; Onwumere, Juliana; Prins, Anne-Marye; Schepman, Karen; Collier, Tracy; White, Thomas P.; Patel, Anita; Gaughran, Fiona; Shergill, Sukhwinder S.

    2014-01-01

    Aims and method In up to a quarter of patients, schizophrenia is resistant to standard treatments. We undertook a naturalistic study of 153 patients treated in the tertiary referral in-patient unit of the National Psychosis Service based at the Maudsley Hospital in London. A retrospective analysis of symptoms on admission and discharge was undertaken using the OPCRIT tool, along with preliminary economic modelling of potential costs related to changes in accommodation. Results In-patient treatment demonstrated statistically significant improvements in all symptom categories in patients already identified as having schizophrenia refractory to standard secondary care. The preliminary cost analysis showed net savings to referring authorities due to changes from pre- to post-discharge accommodation. Clinical implications Despite the enormous clinical, personal and societal burden of refractory psychotic illnesses, there is insufficient information on the outcomes of specialised tertiary-level care. Our pilot data support its utility in all domains measured. PMID:25237502

  2. Core Principles and Test Item Development for Advanced High School and Introductory University Level Food Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laing-Kean, Claudine A. M.

    2010-01-01

    Programs supported by the Carl D. Perkins Act of 2006 are required to operate under the state or national content standards, and are expected to carry out evaluation procedures that address accountability. The Indiana high school course, "Advanced Life Science: Foods" ("ALS: Foods") operates under the auspices of the Perkins Act. However, no broad…

  3. COURSE OUTLINE FOR THIRD SIX WEEKS OF SCIENCE-LEVEL II, TALENT PRESERVATION CLASSES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston Independent School District, TX.

    UNIT III (SIX WEEKS) CONCERNS PLANT LIFE, AND DEALS WITH THALLUS PLANTS, MOSSES, FERNS, AND SEED PLANTS. UNIT IV (SIX WEEKS) COVERS AIR AND SPACE, WITH SUBTOPICS ON ASTRONOMY AND WEATHER. "THE CHANGING EARTH," DEALING WITH GEOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, COMPRISES UNIT V (6WEEKS). THE LAST, UNIT VI (6 WEEKS), DEALS WITH CONSUMER SCIENCE--BIOLOGICAL AND…

  4. Science Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies, K-12. Revised

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

    2004-01-01

    The science component of the North Carolina Standard Course of Study (SCS) is designed to provide learning opportunities for all students to become scientifically literate. Scientific literacy implies an understanding of the scientific concepts and processes needed for personal decision-making, participation in civic affairs, and economic…

  5. Elementary School Children's Level of Attainment of Selected Classificatory Science Concepts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voelker, Alan M.

    Reported is a study on the measurement of concept attainment for the purpose of developing a measuring system and a model of attainment abilities and establishing relationships between learned concepts and cognitive abilities. Thirty concepts, ten for each of the biological, earth, and physical science areas, were selected from six fourth grade…

  6. The Policy Determinants of Investment in Tertiary Education. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 576

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martins, Joaquim Oliveira; Boarini, Romina; Strauss, Hubert; de la Maisonneuve, Christine; Saadi, Clarice

    2007-01-01

    This paper assesses how policies and institutions affect private returns to invest in tertiary human capital, the ability of individuals to finance this investment and the institutional characteristics of tertiary education systems. Focusing on core tertiary education services, the paper presents new measures of private returns to tertiary

  7. Elevated K/T palaeotemperatures throughout Nortwest England: three kilometres of Tertiary erosion?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Cherry L. E.; Green, Paul F.; Carter, Andrew; Hurford, Anthony J.

    1992-08-01

    Apatite fission track analysis of samples from Northern and Central England demonstrates that most rocks presently at outcrop were subjected to palaeotemperatures greater than 90°C in the latest Cretaceous or early Tertiary. Available data indicate that Late Cretaceous/early Tertiary palaeogeothermal gradients were similar to present values, suggesting that heating was due to burial and that significant Tertiary erosion has removed approximately 3 km of overburden from the entire region. The Irish Sea and Cheshire Basins appear to have lost between 2.7 and 3.3 km of sediment but, more surprisingly, several kilometers of sedimentary cover may also have been removed from surrounding highs such as the Lake District and the Pennines. Further evidence for kilometre-scale erosion is found in fission track data from sediments in contact with the Tertiary Butterton dyke. While zircon fission track ages date the time of intrusion of the dyke at 61 ± 2 Ma, a reduced apatite age of 53 ± 1 Ma supports evidence that the present exposed levels experienced ambient temperatures of around 90°C at the time of intrusion. The cause of this widespread erosional event is considered to have been related to rifting in the North Atlantic and compression resulting from the Alpine orogeny. At 65 ± 5 Ma the timing and amount of cooling identified in this study fits well with a model of doming over a mantle hot-spot, immediately prior to rifting in the North Atlantic. However, associated with this rifting event was the Laramide pulse of the Alpine orogeny, which is known to have caused significant early Tertiary inversion of many basins in northwest Europe. The possibility that, by the end of the Cretaceous, up to 3 km of post-Triassic sediments lay across the Pennines, the Lake District and the Cheshire and Irish Sea basins demands considerable revision of ideas concerning the Late Cretaceous/early Tertiary geology of the region and leaves questions unanswered as to the tectonic and geomorphic processes which caused this regional event.

  8. MultiLevel Modeling of Dyadic Data in Sport Sciences: Conceptual, Statistical, and Practical Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick Gaudreau; Marie-Claude Fecteau; Stéphane Perreault

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this article is to present a series of conceptual, statistical, and practical issues in the modeling of multi-level dyadic data. Distinctions are made between distinguishable and undistinguishable dyads and several types of independent variables modeled at the dyadic level of analysis. Multi-level modeling equations are explained in a non-technical manner. A database of 66 athletes regrouped in

  9. Science instruction at the secondary level: implications for students with learning disabilities.

    PubMed

    Woodward, J; Noell, J

    1991-05-01

    Designing appropriate content area instruction for secondary students with learning disabilities is a challenging endeavor. Even if these students are mainstreamed into algebra, history, or science classes, special educators are likely to expect only a minimal grasp of the material. To go beyond this, to teach higher order thinking through these subjects, would be regarded by most practitioners as too labor-intensive. The authors of this article argue that, through a comprehensive revision of traditional materials, secondary students with learning disabilities can learn content area subjects--earth science and introductory chemistry, particularly--in an integrated manner. These students can achieve a firm understanding of the subject, as well as learn how to solve complex, domain-specific problems. For this kind of integrated instruction to be feasible, the curriculum must be designed and field-tested by professional curriculum developers. PMID:2045724

  10. Tertiary ice sheet dynamics: The snow gun hypothesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Prentice; R. K. Matthews

    1991-01-01

    We observe strong negative correlation between Tertiary low- to mid-latitude planktonic foarminiferal delta18O and the difference between the data and coeval benthic foraminiferal delta18. Late Quaternary data do not show this correlation. Coupling statisical model\\/delta18O comparisons and evidence for Antarctic ice and ocean temperature variation, we infer that Tertiary ice volume, recorded by tropical planktonic delta18O, increased as the deep

  11. Referrals to tertiary psychotherapy services: A road to nowhere?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marco Chiesa

    2008-01-01

    Market?oriented changes within the NHS in the last 15 years have increasingly created difficulties with funding of referrals to tertiary psychotherapy health providers. The often?cumbersome, time?consuming and expensive bureaucratic procedures now required by the Primary Care Trusts to fund patients referred to tertiary care services leads to lengthy delays in the pathway from assessment to treatment. This paper describes a

  12. Graduate student involvement with designing inquiry-based Earth science field projects for the secondary-level classroom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McDermott, J. M.; Scherf, L.; Ward, S.; Cady, P.; Bromley, J.; Varner, R. K.; Froburg, E.

    2008-12-01

    In a secondary-level Earth System Science (ESS) curriculum, the most authentic learning is achieved through the inquiry-based application of real-world research methods in the context of modern understanding of the interconnected components of the Earth System (e.g. lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere). Following the intensive ESST-1 summer institute at UNH, during which teachers enhance their ESS content knowledge via interactions with UNH faculty, staff, and graduate students, each participating teacher is paired with one graduate student fellow for the duration of the school year. This graduate fellow provides a continuing link between the secondary-level school teaching environment and university resources, facilitating the implementation of new content knowledge and current scientific research methodology into the classroom setting. According to the National Science Education Standards (1), scientific inquiry is the central strategy for teaching science. "In successful science classrooms, teachers and students collaborate in the pursuit of ideas... Students formulate questions and devise ways to answer them, they collect data and decide how to represent it, they organize data to generate knowledge, and they test the reliability of the knowledge they have generated. As they proceed, students explain and justify their work to themselves and to one another, learn to cope with problems such as the limitations of equipment, and react to challenges posed by the teacher and by classmates." To speak to these goals, an ongoing local wetland field study has been conceptualized and implemented in three example classrooms (seventh grade general science, ninth grade physical science and tenth grade biology) in two school systems (Oyster River Middle School in Durham, NH and Berlin High School in Berlin, NH). These field studies were conducted using authentic scientific equipment to collect data, including a Li-Cor 840 infrared CO2 analyzer and handmade sediment coring devices. Students utilized GPS and Google Earth technology both to facilitate the generation of research questions and for accurate geographic location during their field studies. An emphasis was placed on maintaining organized records of observations and data using field notebooks. Every site visit was followed by teacher-guided data analyses, and students communicated their results through a variety of formats, including posters, written reports, and oral presentations. These authentic research experiences create an initial data set which may be referenced in future classroom studies, while effectively engaging students in ESS topics that meet national and state educational standards. (1) National Research Council, 1996.

  13. Process-Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning Strategy Enhances Students’ Higher Level Thinking Skills in a Pharmaceutical Sciences Course

    PubMed Central

    Verlinden, Nathan; Kruger, Nicholas; Carroll, Ailey; Trumbo, Tiffany

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To determine if the process-oriented guided inquiry learning (POGIL) teaching strategy improves student performance and engages higher-level thinking skills of first-year pharmacy students in an Introduction to Pharmaceutical Sciences course. Design. Overall examination scores and scores on questions categorized as requiring either higher-level or lower-level thinking skills were compared in the same course taught over 3 years using traditional lecture methods vs the POGIL strategy. Student perceptions of the latter teaching strategy were also evaluated. Assessment. Overall mean examination scores increased significantly when POGIL was implemented. Performance on questions requiring higher-level thinking skills was significantly higher, whereas performance on questions requiring lower-level thinking skills was unchanged when the POGIL strategy was used. Student feedback on use of this teaching strategy was positive. Conclusion. The use of the POGIL strategy increased student overall performance on examinations, improved higher-level thinking skills, and provided an interactive class setting. PMID:25741027

  14. Tertiary Aquifer Modeling Within the Mississippi Embayment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Csontos, R.; Waldron, B.; Anderson, J.

    2008-12-01

    The geologic and hydrogeologic characterization of the aquifers and their recharge area within the Central United States in west Tennessee, northern Mississippi and eastern Arkansas are poorly understood. Previous investigations have utilized overly generalized outcrop boundaries of the primary Tertiary aquifers based on sparse well log information and stream down-cutting to show formation location. Acquisition of data in the form of deep oil and gas wells along with shallow lignite borehole data from the North American Coal Company is enabling us to improve upon these prior formational boundaries and recharge area delineations. Additionally, utilization of those geophysical logs with numerous well log curves is allowing us to characterize each geologic unit as to the sand/clay composition, porosity, and depiction of facies changes within a three- dimensional context. This is made possible through the utilization of the oil industry standard mapping package, Petrel®. We use a combination of methods to illustrate the presence of clay bodies within the primary drinking water aquifer, historically modeled solely as a sand unit. Identification of these clay bodies will impact ground-water flow patterns and assist water utilities in reducing contamination threats. We will illustrate aquifer thickness variability owning to faulting and paleo-erosion that again may impact ground-water pathways.

  15. Aqueous flooding methods for tertiary oil recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Peru, D.A.

    1989-04-04

    A method is described for flooding of a subterranean petroleum bearing formation for tertiary oil recovery, comprising the steps of providing at least one production well having at least one inlet within the subterranean petroleum bearing formation, and at least one injection well having at least one outlet within the subterranean petroleum bearing formation, injecting into the petroleum bearing formation through the injection well, a low alkaline pH aqueous sodium bicarbonate flooding solution having a pH in the range of from about 8.25 to about 9.25 comprising from about 0.25 to about 5 weight percent of sodium bicarbonate, from about 0.05 to about 1.0 weight percent of petroleum recovery surfactant, and from about 1 to about 20 weight percent of sodium chloride, based on the total weight of the aqueous flooding solution, withdrawing through at least one inlet of the production wells, an oil and water mixture comprising petroleum from the subterranean petroleum bearing formation and at least a portion of the low alkaline pH sodium bicarbonate aqueous flooding solution, and separating the oil from the aqueous oil and water mixture.

  16. Sea Level Rise Summit June 20-22 in Boca Raton FAU's Center for Environmental Studies within the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science will host a "Risk

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Sea Level Rise Summit June 20-22 in Boca Raton FAU's Center for Environmental Studies within the Charles E. Schmidt College of Science will host a "Risk and Response: Sea Level Rise Summit" on Wednesday planning of agencies, institutions and civic society to sea level rise and compare the Florida situation

  17. Biochemical effects of methyl tertiary-butyl ether in extended vapour exposure of rats.

    PubMed

    Savolainen, H; Pfäffli, P; Elovaara, E

    1985-09-01

    Male Wistar rats exposed to 50, 100 or 300 ppm methyl tertiary-butyl ether vapour for 2-15 weeks, 6 h daily, 5 days a week, showed a dose-dependent blood ether concentration after 2 weeks' exposure. Blood concentrations of tertiary-butanol, were also dose dependent indicating metabolic breakdown of the ether in vivo. The blood ether concentrations decreased after 6 weeks of exposure at the 50 ppm dose level and remained unaffected at higher doses while tertiary-butanol concentrations increased after 6 weeks with all doses, and began to decrease thereafter. Exposure caused a transient increase in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activities in liver and kidney microsomes, almost no effects on hepatic cytochrome P-450 concentrations and a minor induction of kidney microsomal cytochrome P-450 content. Exposure produced almost no effect on brain succinate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase or acetylcholinesterase activities, while early inhibition of muscle creatine kinase activity was noted, accompanied by increased activity at the end of exposure. PMID:4091653

  18. Carbonate reservoirs at the Mesozoic-Tertiary unconformity, northeast Spain

    SciTech Connect

    Esteban, M.

    1988-08-01

    Carbonates at the Mesozoic-Tertiary unconformity in northeast Spain show four types/stages of evolution of reservoir properties: karstification, coastal reworking, Miocene organic buildups, and Pliocene burial. Subaerial exposure during Paleogene-early Miocene rifting developed a complex fracture-controlled paleokrast facies, showing up to three evolution levels with well-developed cavern and vuggy porosity (1). During the Miocene, the paleokrast profile was intensively reworked into a variety of breccias, conglomerates, and calcarenites in both alluvial and coastal depositional settings. Gravitational displacement of largely karstified hillsides was common. These reworked paleokarst deposits (2) present excellent reservoir properties. The Miocene formations onlap the karstified Mesozoic and the reworked facies; these formations include coral reefs and foramalgal buildups (3) with primary and secondary porosity. Finally, a late fracture event (attributed to the Pliocene) affected the buried and lithified paleokarst deposits and lower-middle Miocene formations (4). This fracture event is associated with vuggy corrosion, dolomitization, ore mineralization, and leaching of Mesozoic to middle Miocene carbonates. Several horizons with chalky microporosity are also tentatively related to this Pliocene event. These four phases of reservoir evolution are also recognized in northern Morocco and southern Italy.

  19. Epidemiologic study of ankle fractures in a tertiary hospital

    PubMed Central

    Sakaki, Marcos Hideyo; Matsumura, Bruno Akio Rodrigues; Dotta, Thiago De Angelis Guerra; Pontin, Pedro Augusto; dos Santos, Alexandre Leme Godoy; Fernandes, Tulio Diniz

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the epidemiology of ankle fractures surgically treated at the Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo. METHODS: Medical records of patients admitted with foot and ankle fractures between 2006 and 2011 were revised. Seventy three ankle fractures that underwent surgical treatment were identified. The parameters analyzed included age, gender, injured side, AO and Gustilo & Anderson classification, associated injuries, exposure, need to urgent treatment, time to definitive treatment and early post-operative complications. Study design: retrospective epidemiological study. RESULTS: Male gender was predominant among subjects and the mean age was 27.5 years old. Thirty nine fractures resulted from traffic accidents and type B fracture according to AO classification was the most common. Twenty one were open fractures and 22 patients had associated injuries. The average time to definitive treatment was 6.5 days. Early post-operative complications were found in 21.3% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Ankle fractures treated in a tertiary hospital of a large city in Brazil affect young people victims of high-energy accidents and present significant rates of associated injuries and post-operative complications. Level of Evidence IV, Cases Series. PMID:24868187

  20. Where can we find future K-12 science and math teachers? a search by academic year, discipline, and academic performance level

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura J. Moin; Jennifer K. Dorfield; Christian D. Schunn

    2005-01-01

    Responding to the increasing math and science teacher shortage in the United States, this study intended to determine which science, engineering, and math (SEM) majors during which years in their undergraduate education and from which academic performance levels are most interested in K-12 teaching. Results may aid policymakers and practitioners in making most effective use of this traditional undergraduate candidate

  1. Uranium mineralization along a fault plane in tertiary sedimentary rocks in the McLean 5 Mine, Live Oak Conty, Texas 

    E-print Network

    Bomber, Brenda Jean

    1980-01-01

    of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Geology URANIUM MINERALIZATION ALONG A FAULT PLANE IN TERTIARY SEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN THE MCLEAN 5 MINE, LIVE OAK COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by BRENDA JEAN BOMBER Approved... as to sty1e and content by: Chairman of Committee Member Memb r H o De artment December 1980 ABSTRACT Uranium Mineralization along a Fault Plane in Tertiary Sedimentary Rocks in the McLean 5 Mine, Live Oak County, Texas. (December 1980) Brenda Jean...

  2. Study of the kinetics of the gas-phase, iodine catalyzed elimination of HBr from isobutylbromide: the tertiary C-H bond dissociation energy in isobutylbromide.

    E-print Network

    Jirustithipong, Pongsiri

    1975-01-01

    STUDY OF THE KINETICS OF THE GAS-PHASE, IODINE CATALYZED ELIMINATION OF HBr FROM ISOBUTYLBROMIDE THE TERTIARY C H BOND DISSOCIATION ENERGY IN ISOBUTYLBROMIDE. A Thesis by PONGSIRI JIRUSTITHIPONG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A...&M University in partial fulfillment of the -equi rement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Chemi-. try STUDY OF THE KINETICS OF THE GAS-PHASE, IODINE CATALYZED ELIMINATION OF HBr FROiM ISOBUTYLBROMIDE; THE TERTIARY C-H BOND...

  3. Restructuring support staff classification levels for academic health sciences library positions.

    PubMed Central

    McCann, J C; Davis, S E; Trainor, D J; Waller, D K; Greenblatt, R B

    1990-01-01

    Nonprofessional library support staff traditionally hold what are considered to be low-paying, nonchallenging positions. These negative factors make retaining creative and productive employees difficult. This article outlines the approach taken at the Medical College of Georgia's Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library to devise a structure of library staff positions that becomes progressively more demanding. A new nine-level Library Staff Classification Plan resulted. This plan also enables and encourages employees to acquire more skills and to accept more responsibility in order to qualify for higher-level library positions or to advance their present position to receive comparable rewards. The plan expresses the level of responsibilities expected, the employee qualifications desired, and lists representative duties across the spectrum of typical library tasks. PMID:2393758

  4. Restructuring support staff classification levels for academic health sciences library positions.

    PubMed

    McCann, J C; Davis, S E; Trainor, D J; Waller, D K; Greenblatt, R B

    1990-07-01

    Nonprofessional library support staff traditionally hold what are considered to be low-paying, nonchallenging positions. These negative factors make retaining creative and productive employees difficult. This article outlines the approach taken at the Medical College of Georgia's Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library to devise a structure of library staff positions that becomes progressively more demanding. A new nine-level Library Staff Classification Plan resulted. This plan also enables and encourages employees to acquire more skills and to accept more responsibility in order to qualify for higher-level library positions or to advance their present position to receive comparable rewards. The plan expresses the level of responsibilities expected, the employee qualifications desired, and lists representative duties across the spectrum of typical library tasks. PMID:2393758

  5. Using seismology to raise science awareness in kindergarten and elementary levels, with the help of high school students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rocha, F. L.; Silveira, G. M.; Moreira, G.; Afonso, I. P.; Maciel, B. A. P. C.; Melo, M. O.; Neto, R. P.; Gonçalves, M.; Marques, G.; Hartmann, R. P.

    2014-12-01

    Teaching students, aged from 4 up to 18 years old, is a challenging task. It continuously implies new strategies and new subjects adapted to all of them. This is even more evident, when we have to teach natural-hazards scientific aspects and safe attitudes toward risk. We often see that most of the high-school students (16 -18 years old) are not motivated for extra-curricular activities implying science and/or behaviours changes. But, they have a very positive response when we give them some responsibility. On top of that, we also realised that young children are quite receptive to the involvement of older students in the school environment Taking this into consideration, our project use the k12 students to prepare scientific activities and subjects, based in questions, which they need to answer themselves. The students need to answer those questions and, only then, adapt and teach the right answers to the different school-levels. With this approach, we challenged the students to solve three questions: How to use a SEP seismometer at school, and its data? How to set up a shaking table? How to introduce waves and vibrations contents to all ages of students? During the project they developed many science skills, and worked in straight cooperation with teachers, the parents association and the seismology research group at Instituto Dom Luíz. As a result, it was possible to reach all school students with the help of the k-12 ones. This is an outcome of the project W-Shake, a Parents-in-Science Initiative to promote the study of seismology and related subjects. This project, supported by the Portuguese "Ciência Viva" program, results from a direct cooperation between the parents association, science school-teachers and the seismology research group at Instituto Dom Luíz.

  6. Impact of Source-Level Loop Optimization on DSP Architecture Design Dept. of Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Su, Bogong

    Impact of Source-Level Loop Optimization on DSP Architecture Design Bogong Su Dept. of Computer architecture which can fit most DSP programs and how to generate a custom-fit DSP processor are important new DSP architectures have been announced recently [Eyre98, Step98]. How to select an architecture

  7. Diagnostic Assessment of Preparedness of Level One Sports Science Students for Biomechanics Modules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Sharon J.

    2005-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the use of a diagnostic test to assess the preparedness of level one students for a sports biomechanics module. During their first week at university, a cohort of 108 students completed a diagnostic test at the end of their first lecture in sports biomechanics, with no prior notice. Upon…

  8. Communicating Climate Change Science to Stakeholders for Assessments of Impact and Adaptation: Experiences at the Municipal Level in Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, P. R.; Mate, D.; Tansey, J. D.

    2004-12-01

    The assessment of climate change impacts and the identification of adaptation strategies require understandable communication of climate change science and its uncertainties to a diverse group of stakeholders. This paper will report on the experience being gained from a set of municipal case studies conducted in Canada, where climate change impacts such as water resource depletion, permafrost melting and coastal sea level rise are being addressed. Two aspects will be discussed: the local process of stakeholder interaction and the effort to bring the local experiences to a national level through development of municipal best practice guides. Ideally, stakeholders are engaged at the local level through a structured process. This is to avoid the common problem that pre-existing tensions between stakeholders tend to dominate unstructured discussions and distract attention from the target issue. One-on-one interviews with the stakeholders and research into the socio-economic history of the communities provide background on the issues that may arise before group workshops are attempted. When workshops involving stakeholders are held, they are professionally facilitated and the science delivery is carefully rationed into digestible portions that enable informed discussion of specific climate change scenarios. Municipalities can be engaged at political, practitioner and public levels not only as major stakeholders, but also as key partners in the communication process. We have used presentations to council, direct involvement of city planning departments and public events such as Science and Technology Week to nurture two-way communication. We have also put considerable thought into the effort to communicate these experiences to the over one thousand communities across the country that will not benefit from a case study. Our initial approach was to develop best practice guides on climate change topics based on the successes and lessons learned in the case studies. While the idea has been generally welcomed by organizations representing Canadian municipalities and professional planners, the large matrix of user groups and climate change issues makes the development of generic climate change best practice guides extremely challenging. An alternate approach would be to contribute climate change sections to existing and future best practice guides developed by the professional organizations concerned with municipal infrastructure, environment and land use. We are presently organizing a national workshop to canvas user groups on the best form for the guides.

  9. System-Level Verification of Science Instruments Prior to Installation at TMT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebbets, Dennis; Lystrup, Makenzie

    2014-07-01

    Science instruments for TMT will share many similarities with those built for large space observatories such as HST and JWST. They will be physically large, scientifically sophisticated and technologically complex. They will represent very significant investments of time and money by PI-led teams with common scientific interests, but from many academic institutions, industry partners and even nations. These teams will verify the basic functionality and performance of their instruments, but may not each have facilities to test the many complex interfaces to and interactions with the observatory. Once installed on the telescope and commissioned, the instruments will be expected to function for many years with very limited opportunities for servicing. These and other considerations argue that a common facility that provides reasonably high fidelity simulation of the TMT mechanical and optical environments, AO system interfaces, operations and data management systems and other critical functions would enable a confidence-building final step in the Integration and Test process. This poster illustrates how high-quality Ground Support Equipment was used to prepare seven instruments for Hubble, develop and validate wave-front sensing and control algorithms for James Webb, simulate the optical characteristics of JWST, conduct vibration and modal surveys, and produce performance data that were compared with predictions of integrated models. Analogous capabilities could be developed to support TMT, ensuring delivery of fully qualified instruments to the observatory.

  10. Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Patients with Maxillary Defects in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Omo, JO; Sede, MA; Enabulele, JE

    2014-01-01

    Background: Maxillary defects are managed by prosthodontic rehabilitation using obturators. This rehabilitation goes through various stages, which invariably affects the quality-of-life of the patients. Aim: This study aims to analyze the types and design of obturators used in the rehabilitation of maxillary defects at a tertiary health institution in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of all patients with maxillary defects treated at a tertiary institution between the period of October 2010 and May 2013. The data of interest collected from the patient's register and case notes include age, gender, type of defects, design of obturators and conditions for which treatment was offered. The collected data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16.0 (Chicago, Illinois, 2010) and result presented in frequencies and tables. Results: A total of 19 case notes were retrieved. The age range was 5-73 years with the mean age of 46.37 ± 19.02 and peak age incidence at 41-60 years. The male: female ratio was 1:1.4. Surgical defects were the most common type of maxillary defects seen; accounting for 89.5% (17/19) of the cases, which were mostly associated with malignant tumors. Immediate surgical obturators were provided for 63.2% (12/19) of the subjects. Majority 70.6% (12/17) of those with surgical defects received immediate surgical obturators while all those with congenital defect were given feeding plate. There was a statistically significant association between the type of maxillary defect and type of obturator provided (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that majority of the obturators fabricated for patients with maxillary defect at the Tertiary health institution in Nigeria were immediate surgical obturators. Pre-surgical patient education and follow-up care is advocated. PMID:25221718

  11. Three-dimensional tertiary structure of yeast phenylalanine transfer RNA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kim, S. H.; Sussman, J. L.; Suddath, F. L.; Quigley, G. J.; Mcpherson, A.; Wang, A. H. J.; Seeman, N. C.; Rich, A.

    1974-01-01

    Results of an analysis and interpretation of a 3-A electron density map of yeast phenylalanine transfer RNA. Some earlier detailed assignments of nucleotide residues to electron density peaks are found to be in error, even though the overall tracing of the backbone conformation of yeast phenylalanine transfer RNA was generally correct. A new, more comprehensive interpretation is made which makes it possible to define the tertiary interactions in the molecule. The new interpretation makes it possible to visualize a number of tertiary interactions which not only explain the structural role of most of the bases which are constant in transfer RNAs, but also makes it possible to understand in a direct and simple fashion the chemical modification data on transfer RNA. In addition, this pattern of tertiary interactions provides a basis for understanding the general three-dimensional folding of all transfer RNA molecules.

  12. A program to prepare minority students for careers in medicine, science, and other high-level professions.

    PubMed

    Slater, M; Iler, E

    1991-04-01

    The Gateway to Higher Education program is a comprehensive four-year high school program with specially designed enrichments and supports. Its principal goal is to increase the number of minority students who will be prepared to enter training for high-level professional careers, especially in medicine and science. The program was established in September 1986 to demonstrate that minority students who perform at least at grade level can begin a rigorous curriculum in the ninth grade and achieve outstanding results, provided that the necessary support systems are in place. For 1990-91, 750 students are enrolled in Gateway programs at five New York City public high schools, and the first 119 students graduated in June 1990. The graduates have demonstrated significant achievement compared with that of their peers, as measured by standardized tests and the graduates' participation in research mentorships and college acceptances. In order to expand on its initial success, the program has increased its scope of activity to include over 400 students at the junior high school level. PMID:2012654

  13. Training Master's-Level Graduate Students to Use Inquiry Instruction to Teach Middle-Level and High-School Science Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilman, Sharon Larimer; Hitt, Austin M.; Gilman, Craig

    2015-01-01

    Through the GK-12 program of the National Science Foundation, graduate student fellows in a coastal marine and wetland studies program were trained to present targeted science concepts to middle- and high-school classes through their own research-based lessons. Initially, they were taught to follow the 5-E learning cycle in lesson plan…

  14. Impacts of an Inquiry Teaching Method on Earth Science Students' Learning Outcomes and Attitudes at the Secondary School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mao, Song-Ling; Chang, Chun-Yen

    This paper summarizes two companion studies that were designed to investigate the impacts of an inquiry teaching method on Earth science students' achievement and attitudes towards Earth science in secondary schools. Subjects were 557 students (9th grade) enrolled in 14 Earth science classes. Two Earth science units, including topics of astronomy…

  15. Late Tertiary paleogeographic and tectonic evolution of the Mediterranean area

    SciTech Connect

    Arnott, R.J.; Haan, E.A.

    1988-08-01

    The present geography of the Mediterranean Sea is the result of late Tertiary tectonic processes and hardly reflects its Mesozoic and early Tertiary evolution. This paper outlines a plate tectonics model for the Mediterranean area from the Oligocene to the Pliocene. Seismic and well data have been integrated into the regional structural framework to produce a set of paleogeographic maps, which includes the Oligocene, early and middle Miocene, late Miocene, and Pliocene. These maps highlight the changes in sedimentation patterns in response to the tectonic development of the Mediterranean area. Special attention will be given to the Messinian desiccation event.

  16. The tertiary gustatory center in sunfishes is not nucleus glomerulosus.

    PubMed

    Wullimann, M F

    1988-03-21

    Injection of horseradish peroxidase into the secondary gustatory nucleus of the green sunfish, Lepomis cyanellus, resulted in retrogradely filled neurons bilaterally in the viscerosensory column of the brainstem and in anterograde transport revealing ipsilateral terminal fields in the preglomerular tertiary gustatory nucleus, the nucleus of the torus lateralis and the central and periventricular nucleus of the inferior lobe. Thus, the glomerular nucleus of percomorph teleosts is not a tertiary gustatory center. It is proposed that the term 'nucleus glomerulosus' be reserved for the nucleus involved with vision and that the preglomerular subdivision involved in gustation be termed 'nucleus gustatorius tertius'. PMID:3362429

  17. Long-range tertiary interactions in single hammerhead ribozymes bias motional sampling toward catalytically active conformations

    PubMed Central

    McDowell, S. Elizabeth; Jun, Jesse M.; Walter, Nils G.

    2010-01-01

    Enzymes generally are thought to derive their functional activity from conformational motions. The limited chemical variation in RNA suggests that such structural dynamics may play a particularly important role in RNA function. Minimal hammerhead ribozymes are known to cleave efficiently only in ?10-fold higher than physiologic concentrations of Mg2+ ions. Extended versions containing native loop–loop interactions, however, show greatly enhanced catalytic activity at physiologically relevant Mg2+ concentrations, for reasons that are still ill-understood. Here, we use Mg2+ titrations, activity assays, ensemble, and single molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) approaches, combined with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, to ask what influence the spatially distant tertiary loop–loop interactions of an extended hammerhead ribozyme have on its structural dynamics. By comparing hammerhead variants with wild-type, partially disrupted, and fully disrupted loop–loop interaction sequences we find that the tertiary interactions lead to a dynamic motional sampling that increasingly populates catalytically active conformations. At the global level the wild-type tertiary interactions lead to more frequent, if transient, encounters of the loop-carrying stems, whereas at the local level they lead to an enrichment in favorable in-line attack angles at the cleavage site. These results invoke a linkage between RNA structural dynamics and function and suggest that loop–loop interactions in extended hammerhead ribozymes—and Mg2+ ions that bind to minimal ribozymes—may generally allow more frequent access to a catalytically relevant conformation(s), rather than simply locking the ribozyme into a single active state. PMID:20921269

  18. Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Maritime Sciences The Graduate School of Maritime Sciences at Kobe University will provide high-level

    E-print Network

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Curriculum Policy of the Graduate School of Maritime Sciences The Graduate School of Maritime. The Graduate School will educate researchers, educators, and maritime specialists who utilize their abundant, the Graduate School of Maritime Sciences consist of three divisions; Maritime Management Sciences, Maritime

  19. Print exposure and performance on the exit level science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills: A correlational study of secondary students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Radloff, Michael Everett

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the pleasure reading habits and the science achievement of secondary students. The goal of this quantitative and non-experimental study was to examine the relationship between students' pleasure reading habits and their 11th-grade science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills scores. Pleasure reading habits were measured via relative levels of exposure to print, using the Title Recognition Test and Author Recognition Test, considered valid and reliable measurements of relative exposure to print. Science achievement was measured through the spring 2007 science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills. The sample population included 454 students enrolled in one large suburban high school in north Texas. Data analysis results revealed statistically significant correlations between exposure to print and science achievement.

  20. A Comparison of Career Success between Graduates of Vocational and Academic Tertiary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backes-Gellner, Uschi; Geel, Regula

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyses whether tertiary education of different types, i.e., academic or vocational tertiary education, leads to more or less favorable labor market outcomes. We study the problem for Switzerland, where more than two thirds of the workforce gain vocational secondary degrees and a substantial number go on to a vocational tertiary degree…

  1. Atmospheric Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) at a Rural Mountain Site in California

    E-print Network

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Atmospheric Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) at a Rural Mountain Site in California Gunnar W in 1995­ 1996, reporting a range of 0.4 to 13.2 ppbv in the LosMethyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE in surface Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) is widely waters. If the latter is true, concentrations

  2. Improving Incentives in Tertiary Education in Belgium. OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 587

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoj, Jens

    2007-01-01

    The tertiary education system has been transformed from an elite-oriented system to a system providing tertiary education to a much larger share of each new generation. This re-orientation has contributed to raising education attainment in Belgium. However, in many respects the organisation of the tertiary education systems has not been changed…

  3. 40 CFR 721.10090 - Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic...Chemical Substances § 721.10090 Tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (generic...substance identified generically as tertiary amine salt of glycol succinate (PMN...

  4. Remote I\\/O Optimization and Evaluation for Tertiary Storage Systems through Storage Resource Broker

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaohui Shen; Wei-keng Liao; Alok Choudhary

    Large-scale parallel scientific applications are generating huge amounts of data that tertiary storage systems emerge as a popular place to hold them. SRB, a uniform interface to various storage systems including tertiary storage systems such as HPSS, UniTree etc., becomes an important and convenient way to access tertiary data across networks in a distributed environment. But SRB is not optimized

  5. A New Synthesis of Tertiary Alkyl N-Arylcarbamates from Isocyanates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, William J.; Griffith, James R.

    1978-01-01

    The method involves the dissolution of a small piece of metallic lithium in a small quantity of tertiary alcohol followed by addition to a mixture of the isocyanate and the tertiary alcohol in ether. This should be useful in organic chemistry laboratory courses for the identification of tertiary alcohols. (Author/BB)

  6. Development of physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for methyl tertiary-butyl ether and tertiary-butanol in male Fisher-344 rats.

    PubMed

    Borghoff, S J; Murphy, J E; Medinsky, M A

    1996-04-01

    Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) and its metabolite tertiary-butanol (TBA) both cause renal tumors in chronically exposed male rats. Knowledge of the kinetic behavior of MTBE and TBA in rats and its comparison to the kinetics of these chemicals in humans will aid in assessing human risk. The objective of this study was to develop a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for MTBE and TBA in rats that will form the basis for a human model. Physiological parameters such as blood flows, tissue volumes, and alveolar ventilation were obtained from the literature. Chemical-specific parameters such as the solubility of MTBE and TBA in blood and selected tissues and metabolic rate constants to describe whole-body metabolism of MTBE in rats were measured using vial equilibration and gas uptake techniques, respectively. MTBE metabolism was described in the model as occurring through two saturable pathways. The model was able to predict gas uptake data (100 to 2000 ppm starting concentrations) and levels of MTBE in blood of rats exposed to MTBE by inhalation (400 to 8000 ppm, 6 hr), i.v. (40 mg/kg), and oral (40 or 400 mg/kg) administration. Two different models to describe the dosimetry of TBA in a rat were tested for their ability to predict TBA blood levels after MTBE exposure. TBA blood levels were predicted best at low MTBE exposure concentrations using a two-compartment model. The pharmacokinetics of TBA appear to be far more complex than those of MTBE, and additional experimental data on TBA distribution and elimination will be necessary to refine the submodel. With a quantitative description of the important determinants of MTBE and TBA dosimetry understood, a better assessment of the potential toxic and cancer risk for humans exposed to MTBE can be made. PMID:8812274

  7. A Conceptual Approach for Blended Leadership for Tertiary Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Sandra; Harvey, Marina; Lefoe, Geraldine

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 20 years, the tertiary education sector has adopted new administrative management approaches, with the aim of improving accountable and strategic focus. Over the same period, the question of how to build leadership capacity to improve learning and teaching and research outcomes has led to discussion on what constitutes academic…

  8. Secret Cults in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: An Appraisal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aluede, Raymond O. A.; Oniyama, Hope O.

    2009-01-01

    Cultism has remained a problem for tertiary institutions in Nigeria and the Larger Nigerian society since the first decade of the existence of university education in Nigeria. It has been worrisome to have children on campuses and several measures had been adopted to curb cultism some of such measures were the expulsion of the cultists caught and…

  9. An extraterrestrial event at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Smit; J. Hertogen

    1980-01-01

    Closely spaced samples from an uninterrupted calcareous pelagic sequence across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary reveal that the extinction of planktonic Foraminifera and nannofossils was abrupt without any previous warning in the sedimentary record, and that the moment of extinction was coupled with anomalous trace element enrichments, especially of iridium and osmium. The rarity of these two elements in the crust of

  10. Recognising tertiary students in place-making for urban spaces

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Fincher; Kate Shaw

    The presence of students in large numbers in cities is 'planned' for to different degrees, from not at all in some contexts, to overly-determined 'student' places in others. There is general agreement that the lived experience of tertiary students, including their accommodation, social opportunities and experience of place beyond the campus boundaries, is part of their learning. Planning for good

  11. SPECIAL CONSIDERATION FOR APPLICANTS WITH TERTIARY STUDIES (SCATS)

    E-print Network

    Blennerhassett, Peter

    SPECIAL CONSIDERATION FOR APPLICANTS WITH TERTIARY STUDIES (SCATS) Semester 1 2012 Admission Instruction Sheet (Please keep for reference) What is SCATS? UNSW provides the SCATS Scheme for Australian or the Juris Doctor (JD) program via UAC Postgraduate. SCATS is intended for two groups of applicants: those

  12. Reflections on the Tertiary Education Sector in Australia. Conference Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karmel, Tom

    2009-01-01

    The split between higher education and vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is not clean. This paper discusses a number of aspects of this tertiary education sector: the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF), which describes the qualifications offered by the three education sectors: schools, higher education and VET; student…

  13. The Introduction of New Technology in Tertiary Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroder, M.

    1979-01-01

    New information-processing technologies are seen as solutions to problems for tertiary educational administrators. Two case studies are recounted. The introduction of word processing (stand-alone micro computer based) and computer output microfilm cataloging in the library of Armidale College of Advanced Education are described. (MLW)

  14. Tertiary tectonic evolution of the external East Carpathians (Romania)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Matenco; G. V. Bertotti

    2000-01-01

    Paleostress calculation and analysis of mesoscopic structures are integrated with depth interpreted geological profiles based on seismic studies and well correlation to derive a Tertiary tectonic model for the East Carpathians. Following Early Miocene and older orogenic phases, the first tectonic event that affected the studied area is characterised by a WSW–ENE-oriented shortening of Middle Miocene (Late Burdigalian) in age.

  15. Single Query Optimization for Tertiary Memory Sunita Sarawagi Michael Stonebraker

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    Resources, United States Geological Survey, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL) of the U of massive amounts of satellite data [STO91]. The Earth Observation System (EOS) [DOZ91] alone is expected as an archival storage system to be written once and rarely read. With the inclusion of tertiary memory

  16. The Place of VET in the Tertiary Sector. Conference Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beddie, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    The utilitarian spirit of Australian education has meant that since the nineteenth century the notion of tertiary education has embraced all post-school learning, delivered in sandstone universities or working men's institutes or on the job. This is not the definition the peak bodies TAFE (Technical and Further Education) Directors Australia (TDA)…

  17. Drug Utilization Review on a Tertiary Palliative Care Unit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lea Renina Llanes; Konrad Fassbender; Vickie E. Baracos; Sharon Watanabe

    2006-01-01

    Drugs are indispensable for the management of symptoms in palliative care patients, and account for a significant proportion of expenditures on a Tertiary Palliative Care Unit (TPCU). Drug expenditures for Edmonton's TPCU increased by 40% in 2002 compared to 2001. Fifty-five percent of the increase was attributable to injectable fentanyl, oral and injectable ondansetron, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN). As

  18. Mechanism of Tertiary Oil Recovery by Aqueous Chemical Flooding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krishna Kamath; Anthony Zammerilli; Joseph Comberiati; Billy Taylor; Franklin Slagle

    1982-01-01

    The tertiary recovery of oil by chemical flooding is a complex process involving both micro and macroemulsions. Relying on fundamental considerations of theory, operation and economics it is suggested that in situ emulsification of the immobile residual oil (and mobile secondary oil) in the petroleum reservoir and its transport as such to the producing well is feasible and has many

  19. Food Insecurity: Is It an Issue among Tertiary Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallegos, Danielle; Ramsey, Rebecca; Ong, Kai Wen

    2014-01-01

    Insufficient access to food is known to compromise tertiary studies. Students often belong to groups known to have poor food security such as those renting or relying on government payments. The present study administered a cross-sectional survey incorporating the USDA food security survey module (FSSM) to 810 students at a metropolitan university…

  20. Predictors of Attrition and Achievement in a Tertiary Bridging Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whannell, Robert

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the attrition and achievement of a sample of 295 students in an on-campus tertiary bridging program at a regional university. A logistic regression analysis using enrolment status, age and the number of absences from scheduled classes at week three of the semester as predictor variables correctly predicted 92.8 percent of…

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Light-mimicking cockroaches indicate Tertiary

    E-print Network

    Papaj, Daniel

    ORIGINAL PAPER Light-mimicking cockroaches indicate Tertiary origin of recent terrestrial . Cockroaches Introduction Bioluminescence in marine habitats is widespread, and is also present in a freshwater webs and (3) virtually unstudied, the recently dis- covered adult cockroaches of the genus

  2. Careers Advice and Tertiary Decision-Making "Downunder" in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hesketh, Beryl

    1998-01-01

    Three sets of data collected from Australian Year 12 students making tertiary education decisions showed considerable indecision in the first wave; in the second wave, the influence of the university-admissions handbook inhibited choice of technical education. The uniquely Australian university admission system and the pressures of Year 12 limit…

  3. Constructing Knowledge Societies: New Challenges for Tertiary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmi, Jamil

    2003-01-01

    The principal set of challenges facing tertiary education today is that set which links it to the construction of knowledge societies. Governments, the private sector, and the World Bank have specific tasks to perform in meeting these challenges. Countries--depending upon whether or not they are transition economies, low-income countries, or small…

  4. The tertiary gustatory center in sunfishes is not nucleus glomerulosus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mario F. Wullimann

    1988-01-01

    Injection of horseradish peroxidase into the secondary gustatory nucleus of the green sunfish, Lepomis ~Tanellus, resulted in retrogradely filled neurons bilaterally in the viscerosensory column of the brainstem and in anterograde transport revealing ipsilateral terminal fields in the preglomerular tertiary gustatory nucleus, the nucleus of the torus lateralis and the central and periventricular nucleus of the inferior lobe. Thus, the

  5. WHAT CAN I DO A tertiary education is a wise

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    and they can earn more in the long term than those without tertiary education. Employers will value you UC provides a choice between professional academic training, in areas such as Engineering, Accounting Fairs. So get connected and discover your options! For more information phone +64 3 364 3310 or go

  6. A new Tertiary borax deposit in the Andes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. N. Alonso; C. Helvac?; R. J. Sureda; J. G. Viramonte

    1988-01-01

    The Loma Blanca borate deposit was formed in the muds of playa-lake environments during the Late Miocene and is the fourth Tertiary commercial borax deposit discovered within the borate districts of the world. It is the only South American deposit known to contain any of the minerals colemanite, inyoite, ulexite, borax, tincalconite and teruggite with a unique and characteristic mineral

  7. Further Observations on Tertiary Dentin in Human Deciduous Teeth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Randi Furseth Klinge

    2001-01-01

    The structure of reparative tertiary dentin in human deciduous teeth has been studied. Reparative dentin is secreted by a new generation of odontoblast-like cells which have been subject to strong stimuli, e.g., trauma or deep active caries lesions with associated pulp inflammation. Ground sections of 25 teeth were prepared, and contact microradiographs were produced. Another 30 teeth were demineralized, embedded

  8. Synthesis of unsymmetric tertiary amines via alcohol amination.

    PubMed

    Pang, Shaofeng; Deng, Youquan; Shi, Feng

    2015-05-26

    The first one-pot selective synthesis of unsymmetric tertiary amines is reported by the amination of two types of alcohols with primary amines via the development of a simple CuAlOx-HT catalyst and enables the synthesis of unsymmetric amines in a wide variety of primary amines and alcohols. PMID:25959718

  9. Creating Infrastructure Resilience from Information Chaos: The City and County of San Francisco's Approach to Sea Level Rise Science and Adaptation Planning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Behar, D. H.; Pfeffer, W. T.; May, K.; Mote, P.; Cayan, D. R.

    2014-12-01

    During one 17 month period ending October 2013, three major reports on sea level rise from three highly respected science providers produced three differing, in some cases wildly divergent, estimates of sea level rise through the year 2100. These reports, by the National Research Council, the IPCC, and the National Climate Assessment, collectively flummoxed the lay reader seeking direction on sea level rise projections to incorporate into adaptation planning. Guidance documents soon emerged from state entities, including regulatory agencies, which caused further confusion. The City and County of San Francisco, surrounded by water on three sides, began developing City-wide sea level rise guidance in 2013. A Sea Level Rise Committee featuring representatives of key infrastructure managers met over a nine month period, and their work included an in-depth review of the science of sea level rise. To convert divergent scientific reports into "actionable science" required not only a close reading of each but extensive expert elicitation to tease out the meaning behind each of the numbers and the associated uncertainties. In the end, sufficient consistency between the differing projections, fortified by political exigencies, allowed a "scientific consensus" with actionable science value for the City to surface. The resulting document, "Guidance for Incorporating Sea Level Rise into Capital Planning in San Francisco," begins by providing a scientific underpinning for planning, guidelines for incorporating uncertainty - particularly for accommodating multiple projections for any particular time slice - and outlines a four step process for assessment and adaptation. It also relies on new state-of-the-art inundation maps produced as part of the SFPUC's capital improvement program. Together, the Guidance and associated tools provide a road map for successful assessment and adaptation to sea level rise. We will also draw lessons from the experience that may be of value to science leaders seeking to make contributions in the decision making domain.

  10. The City and County of San Francisco's Approach to Sea Level Rise Science and Adaptation Planning: Creating Infrastructure Resilience from Information Chaos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Behar, D. H.; Pfeffer, W. T.; May, K.; Mote, P.; Cayan, D. R.

    2014-12-01

    During one 17 month period ending October 2013, three major reports on sea level rise from three highly respected science providers produced three differing, in some cases wildly divergent, estimates of sea level rise through the year 2100. These reports, by the National Research Council, the IPCC, and the National Climate Assessment, collectively flummoxed the lay reader seeking direction on sea level rise projections to incorporate into adaptation planning. Guidance documents soon emerged from state entities, including regulatory agencies, which caused further confusion. The City and County of San Francisco, surrounded by water on three sides, began developing City-wide sea level rise guidance in 2013. A Sea Level Rise Committee featuring representatives of key infrastructure managers met over a nine month period, and their work included an in-depth review of the science of sea level rise. To convert divergent scientific reports into "actionable science" required not only a close reading of each but extensive expert elicitation to tease out the meaning behind each of the numbers and the associated uncertainties. In the end, sufficient consistency between the differing projections, fortified by political exigencies, allowed a "scientific consensus" with actionable science value for the City to surface. The resulting document, "Guidance for Incorporating Sea Level Rise into Capital Planning in San Francisco," begins by providing a scientific underpinning for planning, guidelines for incorporating uncertainty - particularly for accommodating multiple projections for any particular time slice - and outlines a four step process for assessment and adaptation. It also relies on new state-of-the-art inundation maps produced as part of the SFPUC's capital improvement program. Together, the Guidance and associated tools provide a road map for successful assessment and adaptation to sea level rise. We will also draw lessons from the experience that may be of value to science leaders seeking to make contributions in the decision making domain.

  11. Tertiary metamorphic core complexes in Sonora, northwestern Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nourse, Jonathan A.; Anderson, Thomas H.; Silver, Leon T.

    1994-10-01

    Several ranges encompassing more than 35,000 km2 of Sonora, Mexico, contain distinctly lineated and foliated granitic and metamorphic rocks that constitute the lower plates of metamorphic core complexes. Penetrative deformation is characterized by gently dipping mylonitic foliation across which northeast trending stretching lineation is everywhere developed. Prominent northwest trending fractures, dikes, and normal faults are orthogonal to the lineation. Most kinematic indicators in lower plate mylonitic rocks record top-to-the-southwest sense of shear. Upper plate stratigraphic sequences include Mesozoic supracrustal rocks, Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary rocks, and allochthonous Precambrian basement. Tilted blocks of upper plate strata generally overlie the mylonites along gently dipping detachment faults. Previously published U-Pb and K-Ar ages from lower plate granitic orthogneisses, upper plate volcanic sequences, and crosscutting dikes constrain the time of mylonitic deformation and detachment faulting in several of these areas to late Oligocene-early Miocene. Partitioning of extensional strain in Sonora was influenced by pre-Tertiary crustal structure. The belt of core complexes developed across two contrasting blocks of continental crust separated by the N60°W striking Mojave-Sonora megashear. Portions of the southern Papago block (northeast of the megashear) consisting of Jurassic magmatic arc rocks and Upper Jurassic-Cretaceous siliciclastic and carbonate strata resting upon a concealed, tectonically fragmented Precambrian basement were especially susceptible to crustal attenuation. Some core complexes of the southern Papago block occur within zones trending northwest that may coincide with Late Jurassic lineaments. In the Caborca block (southwest of the megashear), core complex-related rocks and structures have not been identified where surface exposures of Middle Proterozoic basement and overlying Upper Proterozoic-Paleozoic platform strata are common. However, extensional mylonitic fabrics are locally developed along the margins of a Tertiary two-mica granite batholith. Core complexes on both sides of the megashear appear to be preferentially developed where Tertiary granites have intruded regions of crust with basement disrupted by pre-Tertiary structures. Sonoran core complexes preserve an extensional tectonic history comparable with that described from core complexes farther north in the United States and Canadian Cordillera. The timing of mid crustal extension in Sonora (25-18 Ma) is contemporaneous with the timing of core complex development in Arizona, Nevada, and Utah. Extension occurred later in these areas than in the Pacific Northwest-British Columbia region but earlier than in the Mojave Desert-Death Valley region. Middle Tertiary mylonitic fabrics of similar style and orientation have not been recognized farther south in Mexico. The southern terminus of the mid-Tertiary Cordilleran core complex belt appears to be in Sonora.

  12. Regulation and 3 dimensional culture of tertiary follicle growth.

    PubMed

    Cheon, Yong-Pil

    2012-09-01

    It has been revealed that multiple cohorts of tertiary follicles develop during some animal estrous cycle and the human menstrual cycle. To reach developmental competence, oocytes need the support of somatic cells. During embryogenesis, the primordial germ cells appear, travel to the gonadal rudiments, and form follicles. The female germ cells develop within the somatic cells of the ovary, granulosa cells, and theca cells. How the oocyte and follicle cells support each other has been seriously studied. The latest technologies in genes and proteins and genetic engineering have allowed us to collect a great deal of information about folliculogenesis. For example, a few web pages (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov; http://mrg.genetics.washington.edu) provide access to databases of genomes, sequences of transcriptomes, and various tools for analyzing and discovering genes important in ovarian development. Formation of the antrum (tertiary follicle) is the final phase of folliculogenesis and the transition from intraovarian to extraovian regulation. This final step coordinates with the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. On the other hand, currently, follicle physiology is under intense investigation, as little is known about how to overcome women's ovarian problems or how to develop competent oocytes from in vitro follicle culture or transplantation. In this review, some of the known roles of hormones and some of the genes involved in tertiary follicle growth and the general characteristics of tertiary follicles are summarized. In addition, in vitro culture of tertiary follicles is also discussed as a study model and an assisted reproductive technology model. PMID:23106040

  13. WICS @ SFU: assessing the impact and outcomes of a women in computing science student group at the college level

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Tsoukalas; Winona Tin Wing Wu

    2009-01-01

    In 2002, Women in Computing Science at Simon Fraser University (WICS) was established first as an email list and later as a full-fledged student group for individuals with a wide diversity of backgrounds with the following goals: first, to promote women in Computing Science; second, to support women throughout their study of Computing Science; third, to build a strong network

  14. Atoms and Molecules. 'O' Level. Teacher's Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mandizha, George

    The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

  15. Forces. 'O' Level Study Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Udwin, Martin

    The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a five-part unit…

  16. Forces. 'O' Level Teacher's Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Udwin, Martin

    The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

  17. Considerations and Recommendations for Implementing a Dual-Enrollment Program: Bridging the Gap between High School and College Level Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukes, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    Dual-enrollment (DE) science courses offer a way to strengthen the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics pipeline between high school and college. These courses offer high school students the opportunity to experience college science in a more supported environment, allowing them to adjust to the different academic and social demands…

  18. Design of a compliant passive magnetic bearing for use in SIRTF's Tertiary Mirror Assembly

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cannon, David M.; Brereton, Margot; Dill, Harry; Sullivan, Mark

    1990-01-01

    A proposed baseline design for the Space Infrared Telescope Facility includes a Tertiary Mirror Assembly (TMA) which selectively redirects the telescope's converging science beam to each of several instruments. The TMA's mirror rotates on an axis coincident with the beam's axis, and is held steady during observation by a kinematic mount. A bearing has been designed whose compliance causes minimal interference with the precision of the kinematic mount, and which is well suited to the particular requirements of a cryogenic satellite such as SIRTF. The bearing suspends its rotor by taking advantage of the repulsion between a superconductor and a magnet. It potentially eliminates problems associated with mechanical bearings that arise in similar applications, such as lubricant loss or failure, bearing wear, and sensitivity to particulates, and does so without imposing the thermal load of a bearing heater or active magnetic bearing. The bearing shows promise of offering an alternative to ball bearings in cryogenic applications where some compliance is acceptable or advantageous.

  19. Use of Treated Municipal Wastewater as Power Plant Cooling System Makeup Water: Tertiary Treatment versus Expanded Chemical Regimen for Recirculating Water Quality Management

    SciTech Connect

    David Dzombak; Radisav Vidic; Amy Landis

    2012-06-30

    Treated municipal wastewater is a common, widely available alternative source of cooling water for thermoelectric power plants across the U.S. However, the biodegradable organic matter, ammonia-nitrogen, carbonate and phosphates in the treated wastewater pose challenges with respect to enhanced biofouling, corrosion, and scaling, respectively. The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits and life cycle costs of implementing tertiary treatment of secondary treated municipal wastewater prior to use in recirculating cooling systems. The study comprised bench- and pilot-scale experimental studies with three different tertiary treated municipal wastewaters, and life cycle costing and environmental analyses of various tertiary treatment schemes. Sustainability factors and metrics for reuse of treated wastewater in power plant cooling systems were also evaluated. The three tertiary treated wastewaters studied were: secondary treated municipal wastewater subjected to acid addition for pH control (MWW_pH); secondary treated municipal wastewater subjected to nitrification and sand filtration (MWW_NF); and secondary treated municipal wastewater subjected nitrification, sand filtration, and GAC adsorption (MWW_NFG). Tertiary treatment was determined to be essential to achieve appropriate corrosion, scaling, and biofouling control for use of secondary treated municipal wastewater in power plant cooling systems. The ability to control scaling, in particular, was found to be significantly enhanced with tertiary treated wastewater compared to secondary treated wastewater. MWW_pH treated water (adjustment to pH 7.8) was effective in reducing scale formation, but increased corrosion and the amount of biocide required to achieve appropriate biofouling control. Corrosion could be adequately controlled with tolytriazole addition (4-5 ppm TTA), however, which was the case for all of the tertiary treated waters. For MWW_NF treated water, the removal of ammonia by nitrification helped to reduce the corrosivity and biocide demand. Also, the lower pH and alkalinity resulting from nitrification reduced the scaling to an acceptable level, without the addition of anti-scalant chemicals. Additional GAC adsorption treatment, MWW_NFG, yielded no net benefit. Removal of organic matter resulted in pitting corrosion in copper and cupronickel alloys. Negligible improvement was observed in scaling control and biofouling control. For all of the tertiary treatments, biofouling control was achievable, and most effectively with pre-formed monochloramine (2-3 ppm) in comparison with NaOCl and ClO2. Life cycle cost (LCC) analyses were performed for the tertiary treatment systems studied experimentally and for several other treatment options. A public domain conceptual costing tool (LC3 model) was developed for this purpose. MWW_SF (lime softening and sand filtration) and MWW_NF were the most cost-effective treatment options among the tertiary treatment alternatives considered because of the higher effluent quality with moderate infrastructure costs and the relatively low doses of conditioning chemicals required. Life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis along with integration of external costs of emissions with direct costs was performed to evaluate relative emissions to the environment and external costs associated with construction and operation of tertiary treatment alternatives. Integrated LCI and LCC analysis indicated that three-tiered treatment alternatives such as MWW_NSF and MWW_NFG, with regular chemical addition for treatment and conditioning and/or regeneration, tend to increase the impact costs and in turn the overall costs of tertiary treatment. River water supply and MWW_F alternatives with a single step of tertiary treatment were associated with lower impact costs, but the contribution of impact costs to overall annual costs was higher than all other treatment alternatives. MWW_NF and MWW_SF alternatives exhibited moderate external impact costs with moderate infrastructure and chemical conditioner dosing, which makes them (especially

  20. A Delphi study: Practitioners' perceptions of how the science curriculum is differentiated for academically gifted students at the middle school level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kelley, Jean Mary

    The purpose of this study was to identify, analyze, and compare the perceptions of selected district science educators and teachers of middle school science students regarding the following issues: (1) Current methods of differentiating science instruction for gifted middle school students. (2) Strengths of the current methods of differentiating science instruction for gifted middle school students. (3) Weaknesses of the current methods of differentiating science instruction for gifted middle school students. (4) The types of training/experience needed to prepare teachers to effectively differentiate science instruction for gifted middle school students. (5) The steps need to develop an effective differentiated science program at the middle school level. (6) Trends for the future development of differentiated science programs at the middle school level. The panel of educators was identified using the Delphi technique and asked to participate in the study by responding to the research questions. The responses to the first round were condensed into two lists of discrete statements, and in the second round, each group of panelists was asked to rank each statement on a Likert scale. A third round was sent to each group of panel members showing the median and interquartile ranges of the second round. Panelists could adjust their responses based on the results of the second round. The analysis of the data was computed using the computer program Statistics Package for the Social Sciences. Based on the data obtained, the following results and conclusions were determined. The coordinators and the teachers both considered training of teachers, strategies for differentiation, and future trends to be the most important considerations. The areas with the most differences were those dealing with the current methods of differentiating science instruction at the middle school level. There were several limitations identified in this study. Among them were the makeup of the sample of panelists and different definitions of the same term(s). If we are to address the needs of middle school students who are academically gifted in science, teachers and coordinators need to communicate more about expectations in the classroom and what is really happening.

  1. On the importance for climate science communication - the climate office for polar regions and sea level rise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Treffeisen, Renate; Lemke, Peter; Dethloff, Klaus

    2010-05-01

    Climate change presents a major challenge for national and international action and cooperation. A wide variation in the vulnerability is to be expected across different regions, due to regional differences in local environmental conditions, preexisting stresses to ecosystems, current resource-use patterns, and the framework of factors affecting decision-making including government policies, prices, preferences, and values. Thus, considerable regional impact differences will be faced as a result of climate change. Being aware will help to prepare for these inevitable consequences in time. Climate change is nowhere more strongly expressed than in the polar regions which respond to even small changes in climate. Given the major role played by these regions within the Earth's climate system the climate office for polar regions and sea level rise is hosted by the Foundation Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) which conducts research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and at temperate latitudes since 1980. The major goal of the climate office is to encourage the communication and dialogue between science and public. Primarily, this is done by the unique close contact and cooperation to the research center scientists. A continuous exchange is supported beyond the research center towards universities and authorities at state and federal level. The climate office represents polar aspects of climate related research based on the scientific expertise from the hosting research institute e.g. the understanding of the ocean-ice-atmosphere interactions, the animal and plant kingdoms of the Arctic and Antarctic, and the evolution of the polar continents and seas. The climate office translates the scientific work into English, making complex issues accessible to policymakers and the public. It compiles, evaluates, comprehensively process and transparently communicate the latest findings from polar related climate research. The paper will present different aspects of this work.

  2. High level science products from deep ACS and WFC3/IR imaging over the CDF-S/GOODS-S region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Illingworth, Garth

    2013-10-01

    The CDF-S, with its extensive datasets that include the well-known HUDF, GOODS and CANDELS fields, is a remarkable resource for studying distant galaxies. CDF-S is a unique region in the sky. An astonishing 6 Msec of Hubble data {nearly 2600 orbits of WFC3 and ACS data alone}, 6 Msec of Spitzer IRAC images, and 4 Msec of Chandra data, plus ground-based spectra, imaging and, now, ALMA observations, make this one of Hubble's key legacy areas. Remarkably, while the major areas, HUDF, GOODS and CANDELS are available as high-level data products, over 40% { 1000 orbits} of HST data are unavailable to the community as high-level science products and catalogs in MAST. This includes several deep fields, including the parallel field HUDF09-2 which reaches as deep in ACS { 400 orbits} as the HUDF. We propose to use our extensive experience processing and delivering HST ACS and WFC3/IR datasets to STScI MAST to now deliver a complete processed and aligned dataset of all deep fields and the deeper, but as-yet-unused, SNe follow-up and parallel datasets across the CDF-S. The same will be done for the much smaller but similar dataset on the HDF-N region. These data products will add substantially to our understanding of the build up of galaxies to z 6 in the first Gyr during reionization, and their impact on reionization, the development of galaxies over the subsequent Gyr to to the peak of the star formation rate in the universe around 2-3 Gyr after the Big Bang at z 2-3, and the transition of early star-forming galaxies to the full splendor of the Hubble sequence since z 2. These Hubble Legacy Field datasets will be of great value as the Frontier Fields are used by the community.

  3. A comparison of the oral and silent reading methods of standardized science test delivery on the performance level of fifth-grade African American students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merenda, Gloria Louise

    This study compared two methods of standardized test administration, oral delivery using an audio tape and the standard silent reading by the student, on the performance level (test score) and science understanding (right answer/right reason) of urban fifth grade African American students. The effect of reading ability, special needs, and socioeconomic status were also examined as possible confounding variables. A randomized post-test only control group design was used with data for the sample (N = 106) collected from student files at two Detroit Public Schools, which included the Michigan Education Assessment Program (MEAP) reading and science scores. In addition, face-to-face interviews were completed with a small subsample to determine reasoning for selecting their answers. Six hypotheses were developed to determine if there were significant differences in science performance level and understanding in fifth grade urban African American students when the standardized science test, MEAP, Area Specific Portions, Physical Science and Earth/Space Science, were delivered orally, using the audio tape, and silently, which is the present standard delivery method. Significant differences in scores were found favoring the oral over the silent test group. A significant association was also found for reading and science MEAP scores, with students who had higher scores on the reading test achieving higher scores on the science test. Although socioeconomic status did not appear to result in differential outcomes among the students, a significant interaction was found between test administration type and socioeconomic status. The conclusion that was reached was that students who have difficulty in reading the printed material could benefit from having standardized tests administered orally (except for reading tests).

  4. Anhydrous aluminum chloride as an alkylation catalyst: identification of mono- and dialkyl-benzenes from the condensation of tertiary butyl alcohol with benzene.

    E-print Network

    Scoggins, Lacey E

    1959-01-01

    LIBRARY a a w c"I. I. SI - O~ TI:YAf ANHYDROUS ALUMINUM CHLORIDE AS AN ALKYLATION CATALYST: IDENTIFICATION OF MONO- AND DIALKYIZENZENES FROM THE CONDENSATION QF TERTIARY BUTYL ALCOHOL WITH BENKENE IACEY EUGENE SCOGGINS 4 A Thesis Submitted... to the Graduate School of' the Agricultural snd Mechanical College of Texas In Partial Fulfillment of' the Requirements f' or the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Major Subject: Chemistry January 1959 ANHYDROUS ALUMINUM CHLORIDE AS AN ALKYLATION CATALYST...

  5. A Comparison of Indirectness in the Teaching of Science at the Elementary, Junior High, and High School Levels by Means of Interaction Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perreault, Conrad Arnold

    A comparison was made of indirect and direct verbal interaction of science teachers in elementary, junior high, and senior high school levels. Also analyzed were the mean ratios of indirectness compared to teacher experience, knowledge of curricula, and self-perception of teaching method. Data were collected by means of Flanders' Interaction…

  6. A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION (CAI) VERSUS CLASS ROOM LECTURE (CRL) FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE AT ICS LEVEL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tayyaba KAUSAR; Bushra Naoreen CHOUDHRY; Aijaz Ahmed GUJJAR

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of this research were based

  7. Prospective Turkish Elementary Science Teachers' Knowledge Level about the Greenhouse Effect and Their Views on Environmental Education in University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kisoglu, Mustafa; Gürbüz, Hasan; Erkol, Mehmet; Akar, Muhammed Said; Akilli, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The fundamental factor of environmental education is teachers who are well-informed about environmental issues. This research aimed to determine prospective Turkish elementary science teachers' knowledge level about causes, consequences and reducing of the greenhouse effect and to investigate the effect of gender, information source and…

  8. The Effects of Performance Objectives on the Achievement Level of Selected Eighth-Grade Science Pupils in Four Predominantly Black Inner City Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Napoleon, Jr.

    Reported is a study to determine the effects of performance objectives on the achievement level of low achieving science pupils in four predominantly black inner city schools. Six teachers and 210 pupils were involved in the study. Three teachers were trained to develop and use performance objectives as an instructional technique. Pedagogical…

  9. A Comparative Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) versus Class Room Lecture (RL) for Computer Science at ICS Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kausar, Tayyaba; Choudhry, Bushra Naoreen; Gujjar, Aijaz Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CAI vs. classroom lecture for computer science at ICS level. The objectives were to compare the learning effects of two groups with class room lecture and computer assisted instruction studying the same curriculum and the effects of CAI and CRL in terms of cognitive development. Hypothesis of…

  10. Association of oil source algae in some Tertiary basins, northern Thailand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ratanasthien, Benjavun

    1999-04-01

    A coal petrographic study of sediments, including coals, oil shale, and oil source rocks, in the fossil fuel deposits of northern Thailand revealed changes in alginite associations. In the Lower part of these Tertiary deposits, especially in the Fang oilfield, alginite A (a Botryococcus sp.) was the only type of alga found. Later, the association of Botryococcus braunii, Pila algae, thick-walled alginite B, and temperate palynomorphs were recognized in many coalfields, as well as in the middle part of the deposits in the Fang Basin. Their ages were Late Oligocene (?) to Early Miocene. In the upper part of the fossil fuel deposits, alginite B is dominant in many basins, together with Botryococcus-related taxa such as Pila algae, Reinschia and fresh-water-dwelling ferns. In the Mae Sod Basins Reinschia was found to be dominant in the northern part, whereas lamaginite dominated in the south, showing different environmental conditions in different parts of the basin during deposition. These different associations indicate changes in depositional environments in northern Thailand, resulting from climatic and/or sea level changes during Tertiary time.

  11. Quantification of tertiary structural conservation despite primary sequence drift in the globin fold.

    PubMed

    Aronson, H E; Royer, W E; Hendrickson, W A

    1994-10-01

    The globin family of protein structures was the first for which it was recognized that tertiary structure can be highly conserved even when primary sequences have diverged to a virtually undetectable level of similarity. This principle of structural inertia in molecular evolution is now evident for many other protein families. We have performed a systematic comparison of the sequences and structures of 6 representative hemoglobin subunits as diverse in origin as plants, clams, and humans. Our analysis is based on a 97-residue helical core in common to all 6 structures. Amino acid sequence identities range from 12.4% to 42.3% in pairwise comparisons, and, despite these variations, the maximal RMS deviation in alpha-carbon positions is 3.02 A. Overall, sequence similarity and structural deviation are significantly anticorrelated, with a correlation coefficient of -0.71, but for a set of structures having under 20% pairwise identity, this anticorrelation falls to -0.38, which emphasizes the weak connection between a specific sequence and the tertiary fold. There is substantial variability in structure outside the helical core, and functional characteristics of these globins also differ appreciably. Nevertheless, despite variations in detail that the sequence dissimilarities and functional differences imply, the core structures of these globins remain remarkably preserved. PMID:7849587

  12. Tertiary and Quaternary Research with Remote Sensing Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Conel, J. E.

    1985-01-01

    Problems encountered in mapping the Quaternary section of the Wind River Region using remote sensing methods are discussed. Analysis of the stratigraphic section is a fundamental aspect of the geologic study of sedimentary basins. Stratigraphic analysis of post-Cretaceous rocks in the Wind River Basin encounters problems of a distinctly different character from those involved in studying the pre-Cretaceous section. The interior of the basin is predominantly covered by Tertiary and Quaternary sediments. These rocks, except on the basin margin to the north, are mostly flat lying or gently dipping. The Tertiary section consists of sandstones, siltstones, and tuffaceous sediments, some variegated, but in general poorly bedded and of great lithologic similarity. The Quaternary sediments consist of terrace, fan, and debris tongue deposits, unconsolidated alluvium occupying the bottoms of modern watercourses, deposits of eolian origin and tufa. Terrace and fan deposits are compositionally diverse and reflect the lithologic diversity of the source terranes.

  13. Characteristics of tertiary lymphoid structures in primary cancers

    PubMed Central

    Goc, Jérémy; Fridman, Wolf-Herman; Sautès-Fridman, Catherine; Dieu-Nosjean, Marie-Caroline

    2013-01-01

    Tumors are sustained by complex networks of interactions between malignant cells, stromal cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells. These networks differ from patient to patient in terms of nature, composition and organization as well as with regard to the precise localization of tumor-infiltrating cells. Of note, the heterogeneity of the immunological component of the tumor microenvironment, as opposed to its mere abundance, has been shown to influence disease outcome. However, a key question remains: where does the activation of tumor-specific T cells take place? The recently described, tumor-associated lymph node-like entities termed “tertiary lymphoid structures” exhibit a structural organization that is reminiscent of secondary lymphoid organs, and thus may imprint the local immune contexture. Here, we discuss how cancer-associated tertiary lymphoid structures impact on the tumor micro-architecture, immune microenvironment, and ultimately, patient survival. PMID:24498556

  14. Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Tertiary Structure Ensembles of Amyloid-? Peptides

    PubMed Central

    Ball, K. Aurelia; Phillips, Aaron H.; Nerenberg, Paul S.; Fawzi, Nicolas L.; Wemmer, David E.; Head-Gordon, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    The interplay of modern molecular simulation and high-quality nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments has reached a fruitful stage for quantitative characterization of structural ensembles of disordered peptides. Amyloid-? 1–42 (A?42), the primary peptide associated with Alzheimer’s disease, and fragments such as A?21–30 are both classified as intrinsically disordered peptides (IDPs). We use a variety of NMR observables to validate de novo molecular dynamics simulations in explicit water to characterize the tertiary structure ensemble of A?42 and A?21–30 from the perspective of their classification as IDPs. Unlike the A?21–30 fragment that conforms to expectations of an IDP that is primarily extended, we find that A?42 samples conformations reflecting all possible secondary structure categories and spans the range of IDP classifications from collapsed structured states to highly extended conformations, making it an IDP with a far more heterogeneous tertiary ensemble. PMID:21797254

  15. Tertiary side resonant DC/DC converter with integrated magnetics

    SciTech Connect

    Jain, P. [Concordia Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)] [Concordia Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Jain, P.; Quaicoe, J. [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John`s, Newfoundland (Canada)] [Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John`s, Newfoundland (Canada)

    1996-09-01

    This paper presents a constant frequency tertiary side resonant dc/dc converter topology. The proposed converter topology gives the opportunity to integrate all the resonant inductors with the output transformer and provides greater flexibility in selecting the resonant capacitors. The harmonic equivalent circuit model and frequency domain analysis, which incorporates the effect of the leakage inductance of the high frequency transformer are presented. Steady state characteristics curves are presented to describe the effect of the leakage inductance and resonant circuit parameters on the performance of the converter. It is shown that with a tuned parallel resonant circuit on the tertiary winding the converter can be operated at higher frequencies. Finally, the experimental results show a higher than 80% efficiency for a 500 W, 48V to 5V dc/dc converter operating at 128 kHz.

  16. The debate over the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Alvarez; F. Asaro; L. W. Alvarez; H. V. Michel

    1988-01-01

    Large-body impact on the Earth is a rare but indisputable geologic process. The impact rate is approximately known from objects discovered in Earth-crossing orbits and from the statistics of craters on the Earth's surface. Tektite and microtektite strewn fields constitute unmistakable ejecta deposits that can be due only to large-body impacts. The Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary coincides with an unusually severe

  17. A sequence of events across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Smit; A. J. T. Romein

    1985-01-01

    The lithological and biological sequence of events across the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K\\/T), as developed in thick and complete landbased sections and termed the standard K\\/T event sequence, is also found in many DSDP cores from all over the globe. Microtektite-like spherules have been found in almost every core or outcrop with an iridium anomaly, forming a worldwide strewnfield. These ``microtektites'' are

  18. Deccan flood basalts and the Cretaceous\\/Tertiary boundary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Courtillot; G. Féraud; H. Maluski; D. Vandamme; M. G. Moreau; J. Besse

    1988-01-01

    Courtillot et al.1 have presented palaeomagnetic, palaeontological and K-Ar data for the Deccan flood basalts which suggest that > 106 km3 of basalt may have been erupted in < 1 Myr, mostly in a reversed magnetic chron. This chron is argued to be 29R, the one which contains the Cretaceous\\/Tertiary boundary. Here we aim to test the hypothesis1-5 that the

  19. Impacts, tsunamis, and the Haitian Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary layer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Florentin J.-M. Maurrasse; Gautam Sen

    1991-01-01

    The marker bed at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary of the Beloc Formation (Haiti) contains abundant coarse-grained microtektites and minor amounts of shocked quartz grains in the basal part. The upper part is composed of medium-grained marl with amalgamated microtektite lenses and finer-grained marl lenses disseminated throughout. Field and petrographic observations, and the distribution of planktonic foraminifera suggest that the bed formed

  20. Secondary and Tertiary Voltage Regulation based on optimal power flows

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Hu; Claudio A. Cañizares; Mingbo Liu

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes a combined Secondary and Tertiary Voltage Regulation (SVR+TVR) methodology based on real-time optimal power flows (OPFs) to periodically update the generators' voltage regulator set points. Minimum active power losses (MAPL) and maximum loadability (ML) OPF approaches are used for the proposed SVR+TVR control. The presented technique is compared against a “classical” SVR control, where the pilot-bus set

  1. Professional Competencies: Perspectives and Challenges for the Tertiary Sector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shirley M. Yates

    \\u000a This chapter discusses the perspectives and challenges of professional competencies for the tertiary sector with examples\\u000a drawn from studies of speech pathology and paramedic university professional degree programmes in Australia. While attempts\\u000a to describe work performance in terms of competencies date from the behavioural objectives movement in the United States in\\u000a the 1950s (Bowden and Masters 1993), competency-based training (CBT)

  2. Major wildfires at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anders, Edward; Wolbach, Wendy S.; Gilmour, Iain

    1991-01-01

    The current status of the reconstruction of major biomass fire events at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary is discussed. Attention is given to the sources of charcoal and soot, the identification of biomass and fossil carbon, and such ignition-related problems as delated fires, high atmospheric O2 content, ignition mechanisms, and the greenhouse-effect consequences of fire on the scale envisioned. Consequences of these factors for species extinction patterns are noted.

  3. Using Science Teaching Case Narratives to Evaluate the Level of Acceptance of Scientific Inquiry Teaching in Preservice Elementary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wagler, Ron

    2010-01-01

    The National Science Education Standards have outlined flexible processes children perform when engaging in scientific inquiry. Cases narratives are a common component of many university science education courses but rarely are they used as a tool to evaluate the preservice teachers within these courses. This article describes the construction of…

  4. What Third-Grade Students of Differing Ability Levels Learn about Nature of Science after a Year of Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akerson, Valarie; Nargund-Joshi, Vanashri; Weiland, Ingrid; Pongsanon, Khemmawadee; Avsar, Banu

    2014-01-01

    This study explored third-grade elementary students' conceptions of nature of science (NOS) over the course of an entire school year as they participated in explicit-reflective science instruction. The "Views of" NOS-D (VNOS-D) was administered pre instruction, during mid-school year, and at the end of the school year to track…

  5. General allylic C-H alkylation with tertiary nucleophiles.

    PubMed

    Howell, Jennifer M; Liu, Wei; Young, Andrew J; White, M Christina

    2014-04-16

    A general method for intermolecular allylic C-H alkylation of terminal olefins with tertiary nucleophiles has been accomplished employing palladium(II)/bis(sulfoxide) catalysis. Allylic C-H alkylation furnishes products in good yields (avg. 64%) with excellent regio- and stereoselectivity (>20:1 linear:branched, >20:1 E:Z). For the first time, the olefin scope encompasses unactivated aliphatic olefins as well as activated aromatic/heteroaromatic olefins and 1,4-dienes. The ease of appending allyl moieties onto complex scaffolds is leveraged to enable this mild and selective allylic C-H alkylation to rapidly diversify phenolic natural products. The tertiary nucleophile scope is broad and includes latent functionality for further elaboration (e.g., aliphatic alcohols, ?,?-unsaturated esters). The opportunities to effect synthetic streamlining with such general C-H reactivity are illustrated in an allylic C-H alkylation/Diels-Alder reaction cascade: a reactive diene is generated via intermolecular allylic C-H alkylation and approximated to a dienophile contained within the tertiary nucleophile to furnish a common tricyclic core found in the class I galbulimima alkaloids. PMID:24641574

  6. Structural Biology for A-Level Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philip, Judith

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between the structure and function of proteins is an important area in biochemistry. Pupils studying A-level Biology are introduced to the four levels of protein structure (primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary) and how these can be used to describe the progressive folding of a chain of amino acid residues to a final,…

  7. Population-level assessments should be emphasized over community/ecosystem-level assessments. Environmental Sciences Division Publication No. 1535. [Concerning the impact of power plants on fish populations

    SciTech Connect

    Van Winkle, W.

    1980-01-01

    Arguments are presented in favor of emphasizing population-level assessments over community/ecosystem-level assessments. The two approaches are compared on each of four issues: (1) the nature of entrainment/impingement impacts; (2) the ability to forecast reliably for a single fish population as contrasted to the ability to forecast for an aquatic community or ecosystem; (3) practical considerations involving money, manpower, time, and the need to make decisions; and (4) the nature of societal and economic concerns. The conclusion on each of these four issues is that population-level assessments provide the optimal approach for evaluating the effects of entrainment and impingement mortality.

  8. Measuring Effectiveness of a College-Level Environmental Earth-Science Course by Changes in Commitment to Environmental Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, John R.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses a study conducted to determine whether college students in an environmental earth science course changed their commitment to environmental issues. The development of the environmental commitment scale used is also described. (WB)

  9. From History to Human and Social Sciences: The New Curriculum Framework and the End of History for the General Education and Training Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seleti, Yonah

    Seen as a vehicle for transforming the pre-tertiary education and training system of South Africa, the new Curriculum Framework of 1997 looks to empower people for participation in a democratic society. This paper contends that, although the Curriculum Framework policy document articulates the need for a partnership between parents, teachers, the…

  10. The Effect of Set Induction on student knowledge, attitude, and engagement levels of high school agricultural science students

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Tiffany Sarah Lavern

    2010-01-14

    of their efforts for success (Beeland, 1992). Many have heard the reference made of good teaching as an art and a science. In relation to agricultural education programs, Phipps and Osborne (1988) drew conclusions that a critical element to a well rounded... lies in the hands of the teacher. Myers & Dyer (2004) made reference to good teaching as an art and a science. In relation to the agricultural education programs, Phipps and Osborne (1988) drew conclusions that a critical element to a well...

  11. Marine Science Teaching at the University Level. Report of the Unesco Workshop on University Curricula. Unesco Technical Papers in Marine Science No. 19.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Div. of Marine Sciences.

    A group of marine science education educators from several countries were requested to provide guidelines for the education and training of marine scientists and formulate recommended curricula in the following disciplines: marine biology (including fisheries biology), physical oceanography, and marine geology. Included in the report are: (1)…

  12. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science DMTCS vol. 10:3, 2008, 122 Counting descents, rises, and levels, with

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , rises, and levels, with prescribed first element, in words Sergey Kitaev1 and Toufik Mansour2 and Jeff of descents, levels, and rises according to whether the first letter of the descent, rise, or level lies in Ni some of the results by Burstein and Mansour. Keywords: descent, level, rise, set partition, word

  13. Copper and copper(II) porphyrins of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Stevns Klint (Denmark)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Premovi?, Pavle I.; Nikoli?, Nikola D.; Tonsa, Ivana R.; Pavlovi?, Mirjana S.; Premovi?, Miroslav P.; Dulanovi?, Dejan T.

    2000-04-01

    High levels of copper(II) (Cu 2+) were found with the major part (>90%) of the total Cu located in the smectite (Cu: 175 ppm) and kerogen (Cu: up to 1000 ppm) of the basal black marl of the Cretaceous-Tertiary (KT) boundary informal type sedimentary rock: the Fish Clay at Stevns Klint, Denmark. Anomalous abundance (4000 ppm) of the kerogen Cu 2+-porphyrins in this marl was detected by electron spin resonance. A model is proposed in which the enormous acid rains (caused by the KT asteroid impact) washed out the humics (already enriched with Cu 2+/Cu 2+-porphyrins) of the top horizon of the nearby oxic soil into the Fish Clay Basin during the KT event.

  14. Tertiary siRNAs mediate paramutation in C. elegans.

    PubMed

    Sapetschnig, Alexandra; Sarkies, Peter; Lehrbach, Nicolas J; Miska, Eric A

    2015-03-01

    In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, different small RNA-dependent gene silencing mechanisms act in the germline to initiate transgenerational gene silencing. Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) can initiate transposon and gene silencing by acting upstream of endogenous short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which engage a nuclear RNA interference (RNAi) pathway to trigger transcriptional gene silencing. Once gene silencing has been established, it can be stably maintained over multiple generations without the requirement of the initial trigger and is also referred to as RNAe or paramutation. This heritable silencing depends on the integrity of the nuclear RNAi pathway. However, the exact mechanism by which silencing is maintained across generations is not understood. Here we demonstrate that silencing of piRNA targets involves the production of two distinct classes of small RNAs with different genetic requirements. The first class, secondary siRNAs, are localized close to the direct target site for piRNAs. Nuclear import of the secondary siRNAs by the Argonaute HRDE-1 leads to the production of a distinct class of small RNAs that map throughout the transcript, which we term tertiary siRNAs. Both classes of small RNAs are necessary for full repression of the target gene and can be maintained independently of the initial piRNA trigger. Consistently, we observed a form of paramutation associated with tertiary siRNAs. Once paramutated, a tertiary siRNA generating allele confers dominant silencing in the progeny regardless of its own transmission, suggesting germline-transmitted siRNAs are sufficient for multigenerational silencing. This work uncovers a multi-step siRNA amplification pathway that promotes germline integrity via epigenetic silencing of endogenous and invading genetic elements. In addition, the same pathway can be engaged in environmentally induced heritable gene silencing and could therefore promote the inheritance of acquired traits. PMID:25811365

  15. Tertiary siRNAs Mediate Paramutation in C. elegans

    PubMed Central

    Miska, Eric A.

    2015-01-01

    In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, different small RNA-dependent gene silencing mechanisms act in the germline to initiate transgenerational gene silencing. Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) can initiate transposon and gene silencing by acting upstream of endogenous short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which engage a nuclear RNA interference (RNAi) pathway to trigger transcriptional gene silencing. Once gene silencing has been established, it can be stably maintained over multiple generations without the requirement of the initial trigger and is also referred to as RNAe or paramutation. This heritable silencing depends on the integrity of the nuclear RNAi pathway. However, the exact mechanism by which silencing is maintained across generations is not understood. Here we demonstrate that silencing of piRNA targets involves the production of two distinct classes of small RNAs with different genetic requirements. The first class, secondary siRNAs, are localized close to the direct target site for piRNAs. Nuclear import of the secondary siRNAs by the Argonaute HRDE-1 leads to the production of a distinct class of small RNAs that map throughout the transcript, which we term tertiary siRNAs. Both classes of small RNAs are necessary for full repression of the target gene and can be maintained independently of the initial piRNA trigger. Consistently, we observed a form of paramutation associated with tertiary siRNAs. Once paramutated, a tertiary siRNA generating allele confers dominant silencing in the progeny regardless of its own transmission, suggesting germline-transmitted siRNAs are sufficient for multigenerational silencing. This work uncovers a multi-step siRNA amplification pathway that promotes germline integrity via epigenetic silencing of endogenous and invading genetic elements. In addition, the same pathway can be engaged in environmentally induced heritable gene silencing and could therefore promote the inheritance of acquired traits. PMID:25811365

  16. Use of Earth Observing Satellite Data for the Development of "Learning Exercises" for College-Level Science Courses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joyce, Armond T.

    1998-01-01

    This paper is based on experiences being gained through a project entitled "The Mississippi Community College Pilot Project". The project was labeled "pilot" because it is thought that lessons learned during the implementation of this project may aid similar endeavors in other states. The objective of the project is to provide curriculum enrichment and associated faculty enhancement through the use of earth observations data in biological and physical sciences courses. The premise underlying the objective is that information from earth observations from satellite and aircraft platforms provides an effective means of illustrating and explaining science topics/phenomena in a new and/or different perspective. It is also thought that the use of data acquired from space may also serve to captivate the students interest and/or inquisitiveness about the particular science issue.

  17. Ignition of global wildfires at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Melosh, H. J.; Schneider, N. M.; Zahnle, K. J.; Latham, D.

    1990-01-01

    The recent discovery of an apparently global soot layer at the Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary indicates that global wildfires were somehow ignited by the impact of a comet or asteroid. It is shown here that the thermal radiation produced by the ballistic reentry of ejecta condensed from the vapor plume of the impact could have increased the global radiation flux by factors of 50 to 150 times the solar input for periods ranging from one to several hours. This great increase in thermal radiation may have been responsible for the ignition of global wildfires, as well as having deleterious effects on unprotected animal life.

  18. Eutrophication potential of secondary and tertiary wastewater effluents 

    E-print Network

    Ivy, James Thomas

    1972-01-01

    Eutrophi cati on Potenti al of Secondary and Tertiary Wastewater Effluents INTRODUCTION Objective The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different types of wastewater treatments on the growth of algae. It was anticipated that an opt1... of the Dallas drinking water supply. This study was not concerned with the public health aspects of such recycled water, but was concerned instead w1th f1nding modes of treatment that would prevent an obv1ous growth of algae in the hold1ng reservo1r...

  19. Epidemiology of Injuries at a Tertiary Care Center in Malawi

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan C. Samuel; Adesola Akinkuotu; Andres Villaveces; Anthony G. Charles; Clara N. Lee; Irving F. Hoffman; William C. Miller; Paul Baloyi; Mariah Hoffman; Lillian B. Brown; Arturo P. Muyco

    2009-01-01

    Background  Injury surveillance is an ongoing process required for primary, secondary, and tertiary injury prevention. In Malawi, hospital-based\\u000a injury data are not available.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  From February to June 2008 we collected data on injured patients presenting to Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi.\\u000a The sample (n = 1,474) was predominantly male (75.7%), and age distribution was bimodal (peak age groups <5 years and 26–30 years). Road-traffic

  20. Synthesis of bicyclic tertiary alpha-amino acids.

    PubMed

    Strachan, Jon-Paul; Whitaker, Regina C; Miller, Craig H; Bhatti, Balwinder S

    2006-12-22

    Novel bicyclic alpha-amino acids, exo and endo-1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic acid, 1-azabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-7-carboxylic acid, and 1-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane-2-carboxylic acid have been readily synthesized for the generation of neuronal nicotinic receptor ligands. Alkylation of glycine-derived Schiff bases or nitroacetates with cyclic ether electrophiles, followed by acid-induced ring opening and cyclization in NH4OH, allowed for the preparation of substantial quantities of the three tertiary bicyclic alpha-amino acids. PMID:17168622

  1. Science Instructors' Views of Science and Nature of Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karakas, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study examined how college science faculty who teach introductory level undergraduate science courses including the fields of chemistry, biology, physics, and earth science, understand and define science and nature of science (NOS). Participants were seventeen science instructors from five different institutions in the…

  2. Stable isotope evidence for gradual environmental changes and species survivorship across the Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barrera, Enriqueta; Keller, Gerta

    1990-12-01

    High-resolution ?13C and ?18O records have been generated from analyses of the planktonic foraminiferal species Heterohelix globulosa and the benthonic foraminiferal taxon Lenticulina spp from 3 m of a cored section spanning the Cretaceous/Tertiary (K/T) boundary at Brazos River, Texas. These are the first stable isotope records across the K/T boundary based on monospecific and monogeneric foraminiferal samples. They show a gradual decrease in ?13C values of about 2.5 permil beginning at the K/T boundary, as defined by the first appearance of Tertiary planktonic foraminifera, and continuing 17-20 cm above the boundary, approximately 40,000 years later. Gradual 13C depletion contrasts with the sudden ?13C drop at the K/T boundary observed in many deep-sea sections. The surface-to-bottom ?13C gradient decreased to less than zero approximately 25,000-30,000 years after the K/T boundary and remained negative for at least the next 140,000 years. Concomitant with change in ?13C values is a gradual decrease of about 2.5 permil in ?18C values which has not been observed at other localities. This 18O depletion suggests changes in temperature and/or salinity in the earliest Paleocene Gulf of Mexico. No extinction of foraminiferal species is associated with the K/T boundary or the onset of 18O and 13C depletions. Instead, two phases of Cretaceous species extinctions occur. One extinction phase is below the K/T boundary and below the tsunami bed of Bourgeois et al. [1988] and may be linked to sea level regression and environmental perturbations. The second extinction phase coincides with the minimum in ?13C and ?18O values in the Early Danian (Zone P0/Pla) and appears directly related to environmental changes reflected in the isotopic record. H. globulosa, which is commonly present in Maastrichtian and Danian sediments, exhibits significantly lower 18O/16O and 13C/12C ratios in Tertiary sediments relative to specimens from Maastrichtian sediments, demonstrating the survival of this important Cretaceous taxon after the K/T boundary event.

  3. Sex, Grade-Level and Stream Differences in Learning Environment and Attitudes to Science in Singapore Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peer, Jarina; Fraser, Barry J.

    2015-01-01

    Learning environment research provides a well-established approach for describing and understanding what goes on in classrooms and has attracted considerable interest in Singapore. This article reports the first study of science classroom environments in Singapore primary schools. Ten scales from the What Is Happening In this Class?,…

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2006 2839 Overview of the High-Level Trigger Electron

    E-print Network

    Anjos, André

    strip detectors (SCT) and transition radiation detectors (TRT). The tracking detectors are surroundedIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2006 2839 Overview of the High) detector [1] is one of the two mayor multi-purpose detectors currently under construction at the Large

  5. 500 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 2, APRIL 2006 Implementation and Performance of the Third Level

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the Euro- pean Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland. The ATLAS detector [1] has crossing rate at LHC (40 MHz) and the very high radiation environment in which all the detectors500 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 53, NO. 2, APRIL 2006 Implementation and Performance

  6. An Extraction from the King Report of Entry-Level Competencies Needed by Library and Information Science Professionals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VanMeter, Vandelia L.

    The knowledge, skills, and attitudes expected of library and information professionals were the focus of a major study that culminated in a work entitled "New Directions in Library and Information Science Education" (1986), commonly called the King Report. This study resulted in the identification of sets of competencies in knowledge, skill, and…

  7. Physiologically based toxicokinetic modeling of inhaled ethyl tertiary-butyl ether in humans.

    PubMed

    Nihlén, A; Johanson, G

    1999-10-01

    A physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) model was developed for evaluation of inhalation exposure in humans to the gasoline additive, ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE). PBTK models are useful tools to relate external exposure to internal doses and biological markers of exposure in humans. To describe the kinetics of ETBE, the following compartments were used: lungs (including arterial blood), liver, fat, rapidly perfused tissues, resting muscles, and working muscles. The same set of compartments and, in addition, a urinary excretion compartment were used for the metabolite tertiary-butyl alcohol (TBA). First order metabolism was assumed in the model, since linear kinetics has been shown experimentally in humans after inhalation exposure up to 50 ppm ETBE. Organ volumes and blood flows were calculated from individual body composition based on published equations, and tissue/blood partition coefficients were calculated from liquid/air partition coefficients and tissue composition. Estimates of individual metabolite parameters of 8 subjects were obtained by fitting the PBTK model to experimental data from humans (5, 25, 50 ppm ETBE, 2-h exposure; Nihlén et al., Toxicol. Sci., 1998; 46, 1-10). The PBTK model was then used to predict levels of the biomarkers ETBE and TBA in blood, urine, and exhaled air after various scenarios, such as prolonged exposure, fluctuating exposure, and exposure during physical activity. In addition, the interindividual variability in biomarker levels was predicted, in the eight experimentally exposed subjects after a working week. According to the model, raising the work load from rest to heavy exercise increases all biomarker levels by approximately 2-fold at the end of the work shift, and by 3-fold the next morning. A small accumulation of all biomarkers was seen during one week of simulated exposure. Further predictions suggested that the interindividual variability in biomarker levels would be higher the next morning than at the end of the work shift, and higher for TBA than for ETBE. Monte Carlo simulations were used to describe fluctuating exposure scenarios. These simulations suggest that ETBE levels in blood and exhaled air at the end of the working day are highly sensitive to exposure fluctuations, whereas ETBE levels the next morning and TBA in urine and blood are less sensitive. Considering these simulations, data from the previous toxicokinetic study and practical issues, we suggest that TBA in urine is a suitable biomarker for exposure to ETBE and gasoline vapor. PMID:10543020

  8. Collapse of florisitic diversity coincident with a fungal spike and iridium anomaly at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in New Zealand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vajda, V.; Raine, J. I.

    2003-04-01

    Analysis of pollen and spore assemblages from both terrestrial and near-shore marine sediments in New Zealand had revealed an instant, extensive destruction of land plants directly associated with the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (KTB) event, (Vajda et al., 2001). A recent palynological investigation, based on millimeter resolution sampling of the terrestrial KTB sediments at Moody Creek Mine, Greymouth coalfield, New Zealand has been carried out. The sediments were deposited in a terrestrial wetland environment and the KTB is defined within a coal seam. Preliminary results of the high-resolution investigation reveal a diverse vascular plant spore/pollen flora (>80 species) that was replaced by an assemblage impoverished in vascular plant pollen and spores, but rich in fungal spores. The "barren" layer is coincident with the extinction of several miospore taxa and contains an iridium abundance of 3ppb. The fungal spike covers 5 mm, and is followed by a 40-cm interval with abundant fern spores. The relative abundance of fern spores, increases from 25% below the boundary to 98% in the sediment following the KTB. We argue that the abrupt palynofloristic changes at this high southern palaeolatitude site are evidence of massive disruptions to terrestrial plant communities as a consequence of the Chicxulub impact. Palynofloristic evidence indicates that the complex mire and forest vegetation was totally devastated at the time of impact. Global cooling and several months with extremely low light levels following the impact, perhaps in combination with extensive wildfires would explain the devastation of the vegetation. The "barren" layer at the KTB corresponds to immediate post-impact conditions with low light levels and dust-related cooling unfavorable to forest growth but favoring saprophytic fungi. The recovery succession is initiated by opportunistic species of ground ferns, the plants best adapted to low light, lowered temperatures and high acidity. Vajda, V., Raine, I. &Hollis, C. (2001). Science, Vol. 294, p. 1700-1702.

  9. Vertebrate extinctions and survival across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buffetaut, Eric

    1990-01-01

    A critical analysis of the fossil vertebrate record across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary shows that the available evidence is far less accurate than that concerning invertebrates and microfossils. Far-reaching conclusions have been drawn from generalisations about vertebrate extinctions in the continental realm based on the local record from western North America, but little is known about patterns of terminal Cretaceous vertebrate extinctions in other parts of the world, and even the western North American record is ambiguous. Despite this unsatisfactory record, it clearly appears that terminal Cretaceous vertebrate extinctions were highly selective, with some groups (e.g. dinosaurs) becoming completely extinct, whereas others seem to be virtually unaffected. This argues against devastating catastrophes of the kind postulated by some recent impact scenarios. However, the survival of groups known to be sensitive to climatic deterioration (such as crocodilians and other non-dinosaurian reptiles) indicates that alternative hypotheses involving gradual but fairly important climatic changes on a world-wide scale are not convincing either. The pattern of extinction and survival among vertebrates across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary may be explained as a consequence of the disruption of some food chains following a crisis in the plant kingdom, which itself may have been the result of the atmospheric consequences of unusual extraterrestrial or internal events.

  10. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - Northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-12-01

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type. 14 figures.

  11. Conjoined twins: experience in an Irish tertiary centre.

    PubMed

    McCarthy, C M; O'Donoghue, K

    2014-04-01

    Conjoined twins are rare, with a reported incidence of 0.19 per 10,000 pregnancies in Europe. We discuss four spontaneous conjoined twin pregnancies presenting to a tertiary referral centre from 2005 to 2011, diagnosed on antenatal dating ultrasound. The cases were monitored closely throughout pregnancy by a multidisciplinary team, with serial surveillance, including ultrasound, fetal echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, amniocentesis and further referral to cardiology and paediatric surgery specialists, where indicated. Three female sets were determined antenatally to be not surgically separable; these infants were managed palliatively following a live birth. The male set of conjoined twins was accepted for surgical separation at Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, which was successfully performed electively at 4 months. Of interest, all four parents reside within 20 km of each other, representing a possible cluster of cases. The incidence of conjoined twins in our local population is approximately 0.63 per 10,000 over an 8-year period from 2005 to 2012. This case series highlights a cluster of conjoined twins, managed to viability and delivered in a tertiary referral centre. PMID:24484468

  12. Source rock in the Lower Tertiary and Cretaceous, deep-water Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, B.E.; Sofer, Z.; Claxton, B.L. [Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Amoco drilled three wells in the deep-water Gulf of Mexico in 1993. One well, in Mississippi Canyon Block 84 (W.D. 5200 ft), drilled a structural feature. The well penetrated Cretaceous section and crossed the middle Cenomanian unconformity. Six sidewall cores from 14,230-15,200 ft (subsea) contained TOC values from 2.6 to 5.2% with hydrogen indices front 360 to 543 ppm in lower Tertiary and Cretaceous shales. All six cores were thermally immature, for oil generation, based on biomarker ratios and vitrinite reflectance measurements. Organic extracts from cores in the Cretaceous had biomarker characteristics similar to oil reservoired in the Miocene. The oil was probably generated from a similar, but more mature, source rock. The high structural position of the well prevented the lower Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous section from entering the oil window at this location. There are over 2000 ft of structural relief and an additional 6000-8000 ft of Lower Cretaceous section below the level penetrated by the well. It is probable that an equivalent section off structure is in the oil window. Prior to drilling, estimates of expected thermal maturities and temperatures were made using {sub BASINMOD}, a hydrocarbon generation/expulsion modeling package. The model predicted higher well temperatures (e,g., 225{degrees}F vs. 192{degrees}F) and lower vitrinite maturity (0.44% vs. 0.64%) than encountered in the well. Vitrinite reflectance equivalents of 0.41% and 0.43% were calculated from biomarker ratios of the Cretaceous core extracts, matching the {sub BASINMOD} predicted value of 0.44%.

  13. Clinical and Audio Vestibular Profile of Meniere's Disease in a Tertiary Care Centre in India.

    PubMed

    Selvakumar, Paul; Balraj, Achamma; Kurien, Regi; Krishnan, Thenmozhi

    2012-12-01

    The aims of this study are to determine the frequency of patients presenting with Meniere's Disease(MD) in an Indian setting, using the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO) diagnostic criteria, and to describe the clinical and audio vestibular profiles of these patients. The study was based on prospective case series design in the settings of a tertiary referral hospital. The study included all consecutive patients aged between 5 and 75 years presenting with the history of hearing loss, vertigo, tinnitus and or aural fullness as participants, satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria for MD (AAO 1995) recruited over a 12 month period. Main outcome measures comprised the evaluation of epidemiological profile, clinical features, and results of audio vestibular investigations like Pure Tone Audiometry with and without glycerol, Impedance Audiometry, Electrocochleography (ECohG), Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission and Electronystagmography (ENG). The results of the study are as follows: The frequency of MD was 15.6%, being commoner in males than females (2.6:1) and occurring more in the age group 40-49  years among males and 30-39 years among females. High frequency tinnitus was commoner than low frequency tinnitus. Extra tympanic ECohG had a positive predictive value of 76% for endolymphatic hydrops. ENG was useful for demonstrating canal paresis pattern of nystagmus in 61%. Indian patients with MD commonly present to tertiary care at the functional level scale of 3. The results of this study revealed that the frequency of MD is not as low in the Indian ENT setting as earlier believed. There is a high chance of missing cases in the routine ENT outpatient clinic setting unless a structured proforma incorporating the AAO 1995 diagnostic criteria is used. PMID:24294577

  14. Student Expectations of Tertiary Institutions: A Case Study of the Fiji National University (FNU)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khan, Shana Nigar

    2012-01-01

    Education is a human right and Fiji's tertiary education board recently declared that all tertiary institutions in Fiji must abide by the framework in order to meet student-customers' needs. The Fiji National University's (FNU's) destiny to be Fiji's leading higher education provider could be a reality if students and staff's expectations are…

  15. Innovation in Indonesian language teaching: an evaluation of the TIFL tertiary curriculum materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julia Elizabeth Read

    2002-01-01

    This dissertation evaluates the TIFL (Teaching Indonesian as a Foreign Language) tertiary curriculum materials. The TIFL tertiary curriculum materials were produced by a project which was initiated by the Asian Studies Council, funded by the then Commonwealth Department of Employment, Education and Training, and implemented at the University of New South Wales in 1992-1994. This study is the first research

  16. Must a Developed Democratic State Fully Resource Any Tertiary Education for Its Citizens?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scholes, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    This article takes a parsimonious conception of a developed State operating under a minimalist conception of democracy and asks whether such a State must fully resource any tertiary (post-compulsory) education for its citizens A key public policy barrier to arguing an absolute obligation for the State to resource any tertiary education is…

  17. New surfactant classes for enhanced oil recovery and their tertiary oil recovery potential

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    New surfactant classes for enhanced oil recovery and their tertiary oil recovery potential Stefan We investigate four different types of surfactants for effectiveness in tertiary oil recovery (TOR conditioned to residual waterflood oil saturation prior to surfactant slug injection. This was followed

  18. Entrepreneurship Education in Delta State Tertiary Institution as a Means of Achieving National Growth and Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osakwe, Regina N.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined entrepreneurship education in Delta Sate tertiary institutions as a means of national growth and development. Two research questions were asked to guide the study. The population comprised all the 1,898 academic staff in eight tertiary institutions in the state. A sample of 800 lecturers was drawn through the multi stage and…

  19. The Cretaceous/ Tertiary boundary: sedimentology and micropalaeontology at El Mulato section, NE Mexico

    E-print Network

    Royer, Dana

    The Cretaceous/ Tertiary boundary: sedimentology and micropalaeontology at El Mulato section, NE-8109, USA Introduction Numerous researchers have focused investigations on Cretaceous / Tertiary (K / T and therefore formation over a long period of time. Bolide impact is also the most widely accepted explanation

  20. CretaceousTertiary geodynamics: a North Atlantic exercise Trond H. Torsvik,1,2

    E-print Network

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    Cretaceous­Tertiary geodynamics: a North Atlantic exercise Trond H. Torsvik,1,2 Jon Mosar1 reconstructions are presented for the Cretaceous­Early Tertiary North Atlantic using a combination described misfits between the North Atlantic Plate elements at successive intervals during this time period

  1. New Tertiary paleomagnetic poles from Mongolia and Siberia at 40, 30, 20, and 13 Ma

    E-print Network

    Cogne, Jean-Pascal

    New Tertiary paleomagnetic poles from Mongolia and Siberia at 40, 30, 20, and 13 Ma: Clues of a paleomagnetic study of 490 cores from 59 sites, corresponding to 52 distinct basaltic flows from Mongolia Tertiary paleomagnetic poles from Mongolia and Siberia at 40, 30, 20, and 13 Ma: Clues on the inclination

  2. The School-Tertiary Interface in Mathematics: Teaching Style and Assessment Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Michael O. J.; Klymchuk, Sergiy

    2012-01-01

    Issues arising in the transition from secondary school to tertiary mathematics study are increasingly coming under scrutiny. In this paper, we analyse two practical aspects of the school-tertiary interface: teaching style; and assessment. We present some of the findings arising from a 2-year national project in New Zealand titled "Analysing the…

  3. Application of a moving bed biofilm reactor for tertiary ammonia treatment in high temperature industrial wastewater

    E-print Network

    Application of a moving bed biofilm reactor for tertiary ammonia treatment in high temperature 2012 Available online 17 February 2012 Keywords: Moving bed biofilm reactor Industrial wastewater biofilm reactor (MBBR) as a tertiary treatment step for ammonia removal in high temperature (35­45 °C

  4. Faculty and student orientations to tertiary education: A case study of a filipino university

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Watkins; Belen C. Malimas

    1980-01-01

    This paper compares the attitudes towards the methods and purposes of tertiary education of 104 faculty and 240 students at a Filipino university. Some major areas of disagreement were found but the degree of congruence showed little relationship to performance in tertiary examinations. The implications of these findings are discussed and the Filipino results are contrasted with the results of

  5. Information Literacy: The Link between Secondary and Tertiary Education Project and Its Wider Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, John; Irving, Christine

    2007-01-01

    The study reviews a research project which, inter alia, is constructing an information literacy framework linking secondary and tertiary education and arises out of research conducted in both the secondary and tertiary sectors. The Project is firmly situated in a Scottish context but draws on UK and indeed worldwide experience. It began in October…

  6. Cost-Sharing Reform of Tertiary Education in China and Its Equity Impact

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Catherine Yan

    2013-01-01

    China has made huge strides in expanding access to higher education since the 1980s. The main approach to achieve mass higher education was cost-sharing reforms of tertiary education. This article examines the policy reforms that affected tuition, fees and subsidies for tertiary students since the end of the 1980s and looks at the effects in terms…

  7. Paleoecology of the Cretaceous^Tertiary mass extinction in planktonic foraminifera

    E-print Network

    Keller, Gerta

    Paleoecology of the Cretaceous^Tertiary mass extinction in planktonic foraminifera Gerta Keller a Paleobiogeographic patterns of the Cretaceous^Tertiary (K^T) mass extinction in planktonic foraminifera in Tunisia; K^T planktonic foraminifera 1. Introduction The mass extinction in planktonic foraminifera across

  8. Protonation of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is required for stabilization of RNA tertiary structure

    E-print Network

    Thirumalai, Devarajan

    Protonation of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is required for stabilization of RNA tertiary, USA H I G H L I G H T S · Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is known to stabilize RNA tertiary struc- ture. · Constant pH MD simulations indicate that RNA leads to the presence of pro- tonated TMAO. · The presence

  9. Biopolitical science.

    PubMed

    Arnhart, Larry

    2010-03-01

    This article develops a theoretical framework for biopolitical science as a science of political animals. This science moves through three levels of deep political history: the universal political history of the species, the cultural political history of the group, and the individual political history of animals in the group. To illustrate the particular application of biopolitical science, this essay shows how this science would help us to understand Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. PMID:20812796

  10. Differential Item Functioning by Gender on a Large-Scale Science Performance Assessment: A Comparison across Grade Levels.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holweger, Nancy; Taylor, Grace

    The fifth-grade and eighth-grade science items on a state performance assessment were compared for differential item functioning (DIF) due to gender. The grade 5 sample consisted of 8,539 females and 8,029 males and the grade 8 sample consisted of 7,477 females and 7,891 males. A total of 30 fifth grade items and 26 eighth grade items were…

  11. Describing students of the African Diaspora: Understanding micro and meso level science learning as gateways to standards based discourse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Lehner

    2007-01-01

    In much of the educational literature, researchers make little distinction between African-American students and students\\u000a of the African Diaspora who immigrated to the United States. Failing to describe these salient student differences serves\\u000a to perpetuate an inaccurate view of African-American school life. In today’s large cities, students of the African Diaspora\\u000a are frequently learning science in settings that are devoid

  12. Protonation of Trimethylamine N-Oxide (TMAO) is required for stabilization of RNA tertiary structure

    PubMed Central

    Denning, Elizabeth J.; Thirumalai, D.; MacKerell, Alexander D.

    2013-01-01

    The osmolyte trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) stabilizes the tertiary but not the secondary structures of RNA. However, molecular dynamics simulations performed on the PreQl riboswitch showed that TMAO destabilizes the tertiary riboswitch structure, leading us to hypothesize that the presence of RNA could result in enhanced population of the protonated form, TMAOP. Constant pH replica exchange simulations showed that a percentage of TMAO is indeed protonated, thus contributing to the stability of the tertiary but not the secondary structure of PreQl. TMAOP results in an unfavorable dehydration of phosphodiester backbone, which is compensated by electrostatic attraction between TMAOP and the phosphate groups. In addition, TMAOP interacts with specific sites in the tertiary RNA structure, mimicking the behavior of positively charged ions and of the PreQl ligand in stabilizing RNA. Finally, we predict that TMAO-induced stabilization of RNA tertiary structures should be strongly pH dependent. PMID:24012912

  13. Outbreak of Carbapenem-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Producing VIM8, a Novel Metallo Lactamase, in a Tertiary Care Center in Cali, Colombia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. P. Crespo; N. Woodford; A. Sinclair; M. E. Kaufmann; J Turton; J. Glover; J. D. Velez; C. R. Castaneda; M. Recalde; D. M. Livermore

    2004-01-01

    The prevalence of imipenem resistance among Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates at a 195-bed tertiary care medical center in Cali, Colombia, rose from 2% in 1996 to 28% in 1997 and to over 40% in 2003. Many isolates showed high-level multiresistance, and phenotypic characterization suggested the spread of a predominant strain with minor variants. Sixty-six resistant isolates collected between February 1999 and

  14. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF STANDARD AND TRANSMISSION-BASED PRECAUTIONS OF DOCTORS AND NURSES IN TERTIARY AND SECONDARY HEALTH CARE SETTINGS OF MALDIVES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nazeera Najeeb; Surasak Taneepanichsakul

    2008-01-01

    Compliance with infection control practices relating to health care associated infections is a major public health concern. The aim of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of standard and transmission-based precautions among doctors and nurses in secondary and tertiary health care settings of Maldives. This was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2008. A self-administered

  15. The impact of introductory science and English courses on the level of logical thinking of community college students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard M. Bowers

    1997-01-01

    In fall semester 1996, the Group Assessment of Logical Thinking Skills (GALT short form) was administered to 216 men and 244 women enrolled in entry-level physics, chemistry, biology, or English courses from 6 public community colleges representing differing geographical regions of Texas. This study examined the combined predictive effects of gender, age, ethnicity, and standardized test results on the level

  16. UNLOCKING THE TREASURE CHEST OF LEVEL-II RADAR DATA: LESSONS IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER POLICY FOR THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    P 1.6 UNLOCKING THE TREASURE CHEST OF LEVEL-II RADAR DATA: LESSONS IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER POLICY This analysis of Level-II radar data presents a great success story about partnerships in technology transfer could serve as a future model for meteorological information transfer between the sectors

  17. An investigation of components of the studio model and supplemental online materials, on student achievement and attitudes in science at the high school level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faro, Salvatore T.

    With the increase of the student population, and meeting the demands driven by society public schools are scrambling to find ways to enhance learning and improve student achievement (Lee, 1993). Schools are examining and investing more time in the development of new approaches needed to strengthen, reach, and spark the interest of students both in and outside of classroom. One direction public schools are taking is to incorporate technology and more peer-directed group activities into instruction. Technological advancements today have enhanced the learning process by providing alternatives that stimulate the interest of the learner. Having these technology options available, allows the student to move at his or her own pace giving them time to reflect and make connections between what they already know and what they have learned in class. Using the conceptual framework of the Studio Model, which was developed in the 1980s at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute for undergraduate and graduate level science courses, this study investigated the nature and extent to which the components in the Studio Model (cooperative collaboration and online materials) can be extended to the high school science level. A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was selected for this study. Classes were randomly assigned to one of the four treatment groups, an experimental "Studio Model" condition in which students worked cooperatively and had access to online materials, an "Augmented Only" condition in which students had access to online materials only, a "Cooperative Only" condition in which students worked in cooperative groups only, and a "Control" condition in which students neither had access to online materials nor worked cooperatively. The data was collected for this study using 77 ninth-grade students studying Earth Science. Students were trained for a period of 20 weeks in the procedures of their particular treatment. To determine the effects of each treatment on student achievement three separate tests (aptitude, pretest and posttest) were administered over a seven-month period. Twelve interviews were also carried out at the end of the eight weeks to determine whether the students' attitude about science had changed since the beginning of the year. This study provides evidence supporting the usage of the Studio Model to raise student achievement and student attitudes about science at the high school level.

  18. Science of Alcohol Curriculum for American Indians (SACAI): An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of the Science of Alcohol for Upper Elementary and Middle Level Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Indian Science and Engineering Society, Boulder, CO.

    This curriculum provides American Indian youth with a framework for learning about the effects of alcohol on the body and the community. The curriculum stresses the development of scientific thinking skills and was designed for upper elementary and middle level students. The guide consists of four units: How Does Alcohol Circulate through the Body…

  19. Snowmobile trauma: 10 years' experience at Manitoba's tertiary trauma centre

    PubMed Central

    Stewart, Rena L.; Black, G. Brian

    2004-01-01

    Introduction According to the literature, the increased recreational use of the snowmobile has resulted in an increasing number of musculoskeletal injuries. We wished to examine whether previously described risk factors continue to be associated with snowmobile trauma and to identify previously unrecognized risks and specific patterns of injury. Methods We carried out a chart review of all snowmobile-related injuries over a 10-year period at the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg, the only level 1 trauma centre serving the Province of Manitoba, with particular attention to the risk factors of suboptimal lighting, excessive speed and alcohol consumption. Results We identified 480 injuries in 294 patients, and 81 (27.6%) of these patients died. Collisions accounted for 72% of the injury mechanisms. Of the injuries sustained, 31% occurred on roads. Excessive speed was a risk factor in 54% of patients, suboptimal lighting in 86% and a blood alcohol level greater than 0.08 in 70%. Musculoskeletal injuries accounted for 57% of those recorded. There were also brachial plexus injuries (3%) and knee dislocations (2%). To our knowledge, this is the largest study detailing injury associated with recreational use of snowmobiles in Canada. Conclusions Because snowmobile trauma is caused principally by human errors, it is potentially preventable. Efforts aimed at prevention must focus on the driver, who controls the common risk factors. The danger of snowmobiling while intoxicated must be emphasized. Trail-side monitoring is likely to be ineffective, as the majority of accidents do not occur on designated snowmobile trails. PMID:15132460

  20. Building the e-Science Grid in the UK: Middleware, Applications and Tools deployed at Level 2

    E-print Network

    Allan, R.; Baker, D.; Boyd, D.; Chohan, D.; Cox, S.; Eres, H.; Fowler, R.; Furmento, N.; Giddy, J.; Harmer, T.; Hayes, M.; Hill, N.; Hillier, J.; Jensen, J.; Keane, A.; Krznaric, M.; Lee, W.; McKeown, M.; Mills, A.; Newhouse, S.; Pickles, S.; Pinning, R.; Richards, A.; Saleem, A.; Watt, J.

    Allan,R. Baker,D. Boyd,D. Chohan,D. Cox,S. Eres,H. Fowler,R. Furmento,N. Giddy,J. Harmer,T. Hayes,M. Hill,N. Hillier,J. Jensen,J. Keane,A. Krznaric,M. Lee,W. McKeown,M. Mills,A. Newhouse,S. Pickles,S. Pinning,R. Richards,A. Saleem,A. Watt,J. Proceedings of the UK e-Science All Hands Meeting 2003 pp 532-539

  1. Interactive online simulations and curriculum for teaching and learning fundamental concepts in molecular science at the undergraduate level

    E-print Network

    Ashe, Colin Alexander

    2010-01-01

    The number of research disciplines that focus, at least in part, on the atomic or molecular level is rapidly increasing. As a result, the concepts that describe the behavior of atoms and molecules, known collectively as ...

  2. The Effect of Set Induction on student knowledge, attitude, and engagement levels of high school agricultural science students 

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Tiffany Sarah Lavern

    2010-01-14

    The purpose of this study was to determine if applying set induction to the beginning of a lesson would have an effect on student knowledge, attitude, and/or engagement levels throughout the lesson. Researchers addressed specific objectives...

  3. Undergraduate Biotechnology Students' Views of Science Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edmondston, Joanne Elisabeth; Dawson, Vaille; Schibeci, Renato

    2010-01-01

    Despite rapid growth of the biotechnology industry worldwide, a number of public concerns about the application of biotechnology and its regulation remain. In response to these concerns, greater emphasis has been placed on promoting biotechnologists' public engagement. As tertiary science degree programmes form the foundation of the biotechnology…

  4. Pattern of traumatic brain injury treated by general surgeons in a tertiary referral hospital.

    PubMed

    Chattopadhyay, Shankar Das; Karmakar, Nisith Chandra; Sengupta, Ritankar; SenGupta, Tamal Kanti; Ray, Debasis; Basus, Shibaji

    2013-09-01

    The number of polytrauma patient with associated brain injury or commonly referred as 'head injury' has increased tremendously in recent times courtesy to road traffic accident or other causes. This prospective observational study was conducted in patients of head injury admitted through emergency in the department of general surgery in NRS Medical College, Kolkata during the year 2011 to determine the pattern of head injury patients admitted and nature of intervention. A total number of 3861 patients were admitted in a single year. Obviously this represents the tip of the iceburg. Traumatic brain injury was the highest in the age group of 31-40 years (33.5%) followed by 21-30 years (29.1%) in the most fruitful phase of life. The traumatic brain injury death was more common in males. The maximum number of cases was from rural areas ie, farmers and labours. To minimise the morbidity and mortality resulting from head injury there is need for better maintenance of roads, improvement of road visibility and lighting, rigid enforcement of traffic rules and imparting road safety education to school children. Despite valiant efforts and advancement in medical sciences and infrastructure in the form of neurosurgery departments and trauma care units to cope with the changing world of trauma, there still remains a huge responsibility and a definite part to be played by the general surgeons to manage head injury patient even in tertiary hospitals. PMID:24968524

  5. Comparison of Topical Versus Sub-Tenon's Anesthesia in Phacoemulsification at a Tertiary Care Eye Hospital

    PubMed Central

    Rashmi, Shambhu; Akshaya, Kibballi Madhukeshwar; Mahesha, Sarpangala

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of topical and sub-Tenon's anesthesia in providing pain relief during phacoemulsification. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was carried out at a tertiary eye care hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Patients who underwent phacoemulsification through self-sealing clear corneal incision with foldable intra-ocular lens implantation were randomized into two groups. Group 1 (n = 100) received topical anesthesia with 0.5% proparacaine (Paracaine, Sunways India Pvt. Ltd., India) drops. Group 2 (n = 100) received sub-Tenon's infiltration with 2% lignocaine (Xylocaine, AstraZeneca Pharma India Pvt. Ltd., India). As per study criteria, patients graded the pain during administration of anesthesia, during surgery and after surgery on a visual analogue pain scale. The surgeon graded overall patient co-operation. The complications were also noted. Data analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 11. Student's t-test and Chi-square test were used for comparison of variables between the groups. Results: Sub-Tenon's anesthesia provided statistically significant better intra-operative pain relief and patient satisfaction than topical anesthesiat. No statistically significant difference was noted between the two groups regarding pain during administration, postoperative pain, and surgeon satisfaction. Conclusion: Sub-Tenon's anesthesia provides better pain relief than topical anesthesia during phacoemulsification. PMID:25667734

  6. Optimization of effects-assessment of greenside darter (Etheostoma blennioides) exposed to tertiary treated municipal wastewater based on seasonal changes of reproductive endpoints.

    PubMed

    Tetreault, Gerald R; Bennett, Charles J; Servos, Mark Roy; McMaster, Mark E

    2014-05-01

    The present study describes the seasonal changes in reproductive endpoints of the greenside darter (Etheostoma blennioides) and its implications for environmental monitoring. Fish collections conducted at the appropriate time for the site-specific sentinel fish species can provide a wide variety of population-level information including recruitment, reproduction, and energy storage. The objectives of the present study were to: 1) characterize seasonal changes in reproductive endpoints of the greenside darter (both sexes) to determine the appropriate period for monitoring of this sentinel species; and 2) evaluate the effect of exposure of this sentinel species to tertiary treated municipal effluent at the selected monitoring period. Based on the selected parameters (gonadosomatic index [GSI], liver somatic index [LSI], condition factor, and in vitro gonadal steroid production [testosterone (T) in both sexes; estradiol (E2) in females; and 11-ketotestosterone (11KT) in males]), the present study provides evidence for the value of collecting darters during recrudescence (late fall/early winter) to ensure temporal stability, minimum variability, and stable steroid production capacity. Darters exposed to tertiary treated municipal effluent tended to be larger and heavier relative to reference fish but did not demonstrate any consistent responses in terms of condition or relative liver size. No effect on gonadal development was observed, even though these tertiary-effluent-exposed fish demonstrated a significant reduction in the ability to produce hormones. The present study suggests that although fish exposed to tertiary treated effluent demonstrate no population-level effects, they are still responding at a physiological level. Documentation of the reproductive cycle of sentinel species allows for selection of the most appropriate sampling period to reduce variability and greatly enhances the reliability and interpretation of biological responses. PMID:24459008

  7. West Hackberry Tertiary Project. Annual report, September 3, 1995--September 2, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Gillham, T.; Cerveny, B.; Turek, E.

    1997-05-01

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the concept that air injection can be combined with the Double Displacement Process to produce a tertiary recovery process that is both low cost and economic at current oil prices. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil by gravity drainage. In reservoirs with pronounced bed dip such as those found in West Hackberry and other Gulf Coast salt dome fields, reservoir performance has shown that gravity drainage recoveries average 80% to 90% of the original oil in place while waterdrive recoveries average 50% to 60% of the original oil in place. The target for tertiary oil recovery in the Double Displacement Process is the incremental oil between the 50% to 60% waterdrive recoveries and the 80% to 90% gravity drainage recoveries. In previous field tests, the Double Displacement Process has proven successful in generating tertiary oil recovery. The use of air injection in this process combines the benefits of air`s low cost and universal accessibility with the potential for accelerated oil recovery from the combustion process. If successful, this project will demonstrate that utilizing air injection in the Double Displacement Process will result in an economically viable tertiary process in reservoirs (such as Gulf Coast salt dome reservoirs) where any other tertiary process is presently uneconomic.

  8. Formation Mechanism of NDMA from Ranitidine, Trimethylamine, and Other Tertiary Amines during Chloramination: A Computational Study

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Chloramination of drinking waters has been associated with N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation as a disinfection byproduct. NDMA is classified as a probable carcinogen and thus its formation during chloramination has recently become the focus of considerable research interest. In this study, the formation mechanisms of NDMA from ranitidine and trimethylamine (TMA), as models of tertiary amines, during chloramination were investigated by using density functional theory (DFT). A new four-step formation pathway of NDMA was proposed involving nucleophilic substitution by chloramine, oxidation, and dehydration followed by nitrosation. The results suggested that nitrosation reaction is the rate-limiting step and determines the NDMA yield for tertiary amines. When 45 other tertiary amines were examined, the proposed mechanism was found to be more applicable to aromatic tertiary amines, and there may be still some additional factors or pathways that need to be considered for aliphatic tertiary amines. The heterolytic ONN(Me)2–R+ bond dissociation energy to release NDMA and carbocation R+ was found to be a criterion for evaluating the reactivity of aromatic tertiary amines. A structure–activity study indicates that tertiary amines with benzyl, aromatic heterocyclic ring, and diene-substituted methenyl adjacent to the DMA moiety are potentially significant NDMA precursors. The findings of this study are helpful for understanding NDMA formation mechanism and predicting NDMA yield of a precursor. PMID:24968236

  9. Effects of discipline-based art education and interdisciplinary art education on artistic development and production, higher-level thinking, and attitudes toward science and social studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Lisa Lessenberry

    This research was conducted to assess the effectiveness of discipline-based art education (DBAE) and interdisciplinary art (IA) teaching methods on art production, higher level thinking skills, and attitudes toward science and social studies. Two of the sixth-grade classes at a rural West Tennessee school were taught using the DBAE method and two were given the IA treatment. The evaluation of art production was two-fold using an Evaluation of Student Art Projects (Herberholz & Herberholz, 1994) which anonymously measured each group of projects on creativity, expressiveness, organization of elements and principles of art, craftsmanship, and how the artwork related to academic content. The second appraisal of art products involved emergent categorization with reference to Herberholz and Herberholz's (1994) categories of styles and student artistic development. Higher level thinking skills were determined from the Evaluation of Student Essays which measured academic knowledge, composition, and Bloom's higher level thinking stages of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Student attitudes toward social studies and science before and after treatment were measured using the Estes Attitude Survey (Estes, Johnstone, & Richards, 1975). T-tests, an analysis of variance (Anova) and data analysis were used to evaluate art production. T-tests were also used to evaluate student essays before and after each treatment. Analysis of data indicated no significant differences between the art products of students in DBAE or IA. There were no significant differences in the attitudes or higher level thinking skills between students undergoing the DBAE or IA treatment. The emergent categorization of art production showed that DBAE produced more overall creativity and originality than IA. The researcher believes that students can benefit from a combination of both methods.

  10. The Hyper-Commons: how open science prizes can expand and level the medical research playing field.

    PubMed

    Hynek, Paul

    2008-12-01

    The largest industry in America is increasingly incapable of serving its customers. Over-fencing of the information commons has led to unaffordable medicine, for want of which millions of Americans and people around the world go without lifesaving treatments. Eliminating patent distribution exclusivity altogether, however, is not feasible, given the entrenched nature of the health-care industry. This paper proposes a program of voluntary Open Science Prizes that would draw large numbers of new players, who would in turn produce much new medical innovation, provide academic priority recognition, and develop a growing body of patent-beating prior art that would serve as public domain firewalls on a new supranational Hyper-Commons. PMID:19119862

  11. Safer Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roy, Ken

    2011-01-01

    This column provides best safety practices for the science classroom and laboratory. In this month's issue, pregnancy policy in the laboratory is discussed. One can't ignore the fact that student and faculty pregnancies--and the resulting potential hazards in the science laboratory--exist at the high school level. Science teachers need to be…

  12. Transient capacitance measurement of deep defect levels in GaAs and Si. Physical sciences research papers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. T. Schott; H. M. DeAngelis; W. R. White

    1976-01-01

    An understanding of the defects intentionally or unintentionally introduced in semiconductor crystals by crystal growth or device fabrication procedures or by operation in nuclear and space radiation environments is essential to insure proper performance of electronic and optoelectronic systems. The use of diode capacitance measurement techniques for the study of deep defect levels in semiconductors is discussed, including a recently

  13. Science. Predrafted Individual Short-Term Plan/Records (Secondary Level): Directions for Resource Teachers, Teachers and Aides.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Merced, Comp.

    Developed by experienced migrant education teachers incorporating Sight and Sound Program concepts, this volume presents predrafted individual short-term Plan/Records for secondary level chemistry, biology, and physics, plus step-by-step directions for their use by Oregon resource teachers, classroom teachers, and aides. The approach assumes that…

  14. Macro-Level Approaches to HIV Prevention among Ethnic Minority Youth: State of the Science, Opportunities, and Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prado, Guillermo; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Brown, C. Hendricks

    2013-01-01

    The HIV epidemic continues to disproportionately affect ethnic minority youth. These disconcerting health disparities indicate that although existing HIV preventive strategies for ethnic minority youth have been efficacious, they have not significantly reduced the impact of the epidemic in this population. Macro-level interventions, such as…

  15. Quaternary Science Reviews 26 (2007) 21132127 Modelling Antarctic sea-level data to explore the possibility of a

    E-print Network

    Huybrechts, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    the possibility of a dominant Antarctic contribution to meltwater pulse IA S.E. Bassetta,1 , G.A. Milnea,Ã, M if the available data preclude the possibility of a dominant Antarctic contribution to meltwater pulse IA (mwp deglaciation histories indicate that the sea-level data do not rule out a large Antarctic source for this event

  16. It's not Easy being Green--Adaptation is our Theme: Inquiry Teaching in the Middle-Level Science Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Ann; Skinner, Charlotte; Fillippino, Tonja

    2005-01-01

    Implementing true inquiry teaching is challenging. Many teachers confuse hands-on activities with inquiry and fail to provide opportunities for students to think critically and analytically. As with any teaching, teachers must guide, focus, challenge, and encourage students to continue questioning and exploring. The level of inquiry that a teacher…

  17. An Investigation of School-Level Factors Associated with Science Performance for Minority and Majority Francophone Students in Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandilands, Debra; McKeown, Stephanie Barclay; Lyons-Thomas, Juliette; Ercikan, Kadriye

    2014-01-01

    Minority Francophone students in predominantly English-speaking Canadian provinces tend to perform lower on large-scale assessments of achievement than their Anglophone peers and majority Francophone students in Quebec. This study is the first to apply multilevel modeling methods to examine the extent to which school-level factors may be…

  18. Earth Science Education in Cameroon: a case study from the University of Buea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayonghe, S. N.

    1999-05-01

    Cameroon is a bilingual country with French and English being the official languages. This bicultural status is linked to pre-independence colonisation of the territory. Consequently, two educational systems exist in formal schools, colleges and the university sector. Studies of Earth Science Education curricula in these systems show completely divergent approaches in colleges and at the Tertiary level. An assessment of the factors that influence these divergences shows their relationship to the cultural background and to available expertise. From 1962 to 1992, Earth Science Education at the Tertiary level was limited to the unique University of Yaoundé and was based on the French system, even though the University served both systems. The curriculum was not related to the major priority needs of the country with respect to its natural or mineral resources and this handicap is being felt today. However, the creation in 1993 of six independent government universities in the country, with one — the University of Buea — being of an 'Anglo-Saxon' tradition, has resulted in the development of varied curricula in Earth Science Education in five of these universities. The varied approach is aimed at meeting manpower needs in priority areas of the subject in future. A comparison of the Earth Science curricula from 1993 to 1998 in the Universities of Yaoundé I, Douala and Buea is used to identify the divergent approaches and the expected advantages of each curriculum. A more detailed evaluation of the curriculum in the University of Buea is used to highlight the attempt being made to train geoscientists who will be capable of exploiting the natural resources of the country and equally ensure the conservation of the environment for future generations.

  19. A one-generation reproductive toxicity study of ethyl tertiary butyl ether in rats.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Sakiko; Yabe, Kaoru; Furukawa, Masatoshi; Matsuura, Masao; Aoyama, Hiroaki

    2010-11-01

    A one-generation reproductive toxicity study was conducted to evaluate the effects of ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE), a bio-fuel, on reproduction of parental rats, as well as development and growth of their offspring at dose levels of 0, 100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg-d by gavage. No treatment-related changes were observed in either F0 parents or their F1 offspring in the 100 and 300 mg/kg groups in any parameters examined. Some parental animals in the 1000 mg/kg group exhibited transient salivation, possibly a reflex to a bitter taste of ETBE, immediately after dosing, although their body weights, food consumption, reproductive parameters, and gross pathological findings were not affected. Their absolute and relative liver weights increased significantly in the 1000 mg/kg group, suggesting enhanced activities of metabolic enzymes. Pup viability was slightly reduced during the early lactation period in the 1000 mg/kg group. These results lead to the conclusion that the no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) of ETBE on both parental rats and their offspring is 300 mg/kg-d under the current study condition. PMID:20438832

  20. Disposition, metabolism, and toxicity of methyl tertiary butyl ether, an oxygenate for reformulated gasoline.

    PubMed

    Hutcheon, D E; Arnold, J D; ten Hove, W; Boyle, J

    1996-04-01

    Studies of the toxicology of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) were reviewed as a possible information base for evaluating the health effects of evaporative emissions from reformulated gasoline (RFG). The major metabolites of the oxidative demethylation of MTBE in vivo were methanol and tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA), whereas formaldehyde and TBA were the principal products of hepatic microsomal oxidation by cytochrome P-450. Pharmacokinetic studies in rats treated with intragastric MTBE in corn oil gave an initial disposition T1/2 for MTBE of 0.32 h. The decline in the serum drug versus time curve for MTBE in rats was accompanied by a progressive increase in serum methanol concentrations to levels more than 50-200 times those of the parent compound. Repeated exposure of MTBE vapor by inhalation in rats resulted in dose-dependent increases in MTBE in the blood, brain, and adipose tissue compartments. Blood concentrations of TBA were also dose dependent and provided an estimate of the total amount of MTBE distributed to peripheral drug metabolizing compartments. Perirenal fat/blood MTBE concentration ratios ranged from 9.7 to 11.6 after 15 wk of intermittent exposure. During an oxyfuels program in Fairbanks, AK, blood levels of occupationally exposed workers were 0.2-31.5 microgram/L MTBE and 1.6 to 72.2 microgram/L TBA with a mean TBA:MTBE blood concentration ratio of 4.2. In patients who received MTBE by percutaneous, transhepatic puncture for the dissolution of cholesterol gallstones, concentrations of MTBE in fat tissue reached 60 and 300 microgram/g at a treatment time when mean blood MTBE was less than 20 microgram/ml. The results of laboratory and clinical studies indicate that metabolites of MTBE may contribute to the nephropathy, neoplasms, and other pathological changes associated with repeated exposure to MTBE in experimental animals. It is concluded that such studies can provide a well-defined database for quantitative safety comparisons and health risk-benefit analyses of MTBE and other oxygenates in RFG. PMID:8614015

  1. ELSEVIER Earth and Planetary Science Letters 141 (1996) 227-236 Reconciliation of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral

    E-print Network

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    1996-01-01

    at the site of RC17-177 were negligible Because the Huon Peninsula is situated near the during the last 140 ka, and also assumes that the equator and has no continental shelf, the hydro-iso- residual variation of 6 I80 from equatorial core RC17-177, and subtracting these from the V19-30 The isotopic sea levels agree qui

  2. Teaching-Focused Science Academics Supervising Research Students in Science Education: What's the Problem?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Academics who specialise in improving the teaching of "hard" sciences like chemistry, biology, maths and physics are increasing in number and influence at Australian universities. Those in academia who have channelled their energies into teaching are delighted with this development. It means that many committed tertiary teachers can now look…

  3. BachelorofScience BiologicalSciences

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    of several fields, including Biology, Botany, Cell Biology, Ecology and Zoology, and supports courses or a Physical Science course (e.g., Biology 30, Science 20) at the 20 level or above. Statistics 1770BachelorofScience BiologicalSciences Calendar Year: 1998/1999 Faculty: Arts & Science

  4. Upconversion in Er3+-doped Bi2O3-Li2O-BaO-PbO tertiary glass.

    PubMed

    Tripathi, Garima; Rai, Vineet Kumar; Rai, D K; Rai, S B

    2007-04-01

    Radiative properties of Er3+-doped tertiary bismuth glass has been analyzed by the Judd-Ofelt theory. NIR to visible upconversion in the Er3+-doped glass has been reported. The mechanism for the upconversion is explained on the basis of quadratic dependence on excitation power and on the energy-matching scheme. Energy transfer is noted as the dominant process including the long-lived 4I11/2 level as the intermediate state for the green and red upconversion emissions. The effect of temperature on the fluorescence intensity of the two bands due to 2H11/2-->4I15/2 and 4S3/2-->4I15/2 transitions as well as on the transitions due to Stark components of the 4S3/2 level have been monitored and it is concluded that their intensity ratio may serve as better temperature sensing device. PMID:16920009

  5. Paving Pathways: shaping the Public Health workforce through tertiary education

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Public health educational pathways in Australia have traditionally been the province of Universities, with the Master of Public Health (MPH) recognised as the flagship professional entry program. Public health education also occurs within the fellowship training of the Faculty of Public Health Medicine, but within Australia this remains confined to medical graduates. In recent years, however, we have seen a proliferation of undergraduate degrees as well as an increasing public health presence in the Vocational Education and Training (VET) sector. Following the 2007 Australian Federal election, the new Labour government brought with it a refreshing commitment to a more inclusive and strategic style of government. An important example of this was the 2020 visioning process that identified key issues of public health concern, including an acknowledgment that it was unacceptable to allocate less than 2% of the health budget towards disease prevention. This led to the recommendation for the establishment of a national preventive health agency (Australia: the healthiest country by 2020 National Preventative Health Strategy, Prepared by the Preventative Health Taskforce 2009). The focus on disease prevention places a spotlight on the workforce that will be required to deliver the new investment in health prevention, and also on the role of public health education in developing and upskilling the workforce. It is therefore timely to reflect on trends, challenges and opportunities from a tertiary sector perspective. Is it more desirable to focus education efforts on selected lead issues such as the "obesity epidemic", climate change, Indigenous health and so on, or on the underlying theory and skills that build a flexible workforce capable of responding to a range of health challenges? Or should we aspire to both? This paper presents some of the key discussion points from 2008 - 2009 of the Public Health Educational Pathways workshops and working group of the Australian Network of Public Health Institutions. We highlight some of the competing tensions in public health tertiary education, their impact on public health training programs, and the educational pathways that are needed to grow, shape and prepare the public health workforce for future challenges. PMID:20044939

  6. Descriptive analysis of patients undergoing shoulder surgery at a tertiary care military medical center.

    PubMed

    Walsworth, Matthew K; Doukas, William C; Murphy, Kevin P; Bimson, William; Mielcarek, Billie J; Michener, Lori A

    2009-06-01

    Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Patients with shoulder pain who are seeking care in a military tertiary setting in the United States have not been previously described. This study describes the clinical features of 55 patients (47 men, 8 women) undergoing shoulder surgery at a tertiary care military medical center. Patients presenting to a military medical center are different than other previously described samples in the literature. Specifically, the patients in this study had a known mechanism of injury (n = 42; 76%), multiple structures involved (n = 46; 84%) and a high prevalence of glenoid labral involvement (n = 44; 80%). Further research is needed to determine if these patient characteristics identified in this study warrant different management strategies and resource utilization in both the tertiary care center, and in the primary care center where these patients are typically seen before referral to a tertiary care center. PMID:19585780

  7. Traditional versus Computer-Based Dissections in Enhancing Learning in a Tertiary Setting: A Student Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Sue; Peat, Mary; Lewis, Alison

    2002-01-01

    Describes a study that investigates both the use and usefulness of laboratory dissections and computer-based dissections in a tertiary, first-year human biology course. Explores attitudes toward dissection. (DDR)

  8. Stochastic Programming Approach to Hydraulic Fracture Design for the Lower Tertiary Gulf of Mexico 

    E-print Network

    Podhoretz, Seth

    2013-07-27

    In this work, we present methodologies for optimization of hydraulic fracturing design under uncertainty specifically with reference to the thick and anisotropic reservoirs in the Lower Tertiary Gulf of Mexico. In this analysis we apply a stochastic...

  9. Stochastic Programming Approach to Hydraulic Fracture Design for the Lower Tertiary Gulf of Mexico

    E-print Network

    Podhoretz, Seth

    2013-07-27

    .......................................................................................... 1 Deep-water Lower Tertiary Background ............................................. 3 Research Objectives ............................................................................. 7 Literature Review... ....................................... 47 Finite Conductivity Fracture Approximation ..................................... 52 Proppant Allocation in Multilayer Reservoirs .................................... 53 vi IV STOCHASTIC OPTIMIZATION...

  10. Consumer involvement in the tertiary-level education of mental health professionals: a systematic review.

    PubMed

    Happell, Brenda; Byrne, Louise; McAllister, Margaret; Lampshire, Debra; Roper, Cath; Gaskin, Cadeyrn J; Martin, Graham; Wynaden, Dianne; McKenna, Brian; Lakeman, Richard; Platania-Phung, Chris; Hamer, Helen

    2014-02-01

    A systematic review of the published work on consumer involvement in the education of health professionals was undertaken using the PRISMA guidelines. Searches of the CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsychINFO electronic databases returned 487 records, and 20 met the inclusion criteria. Further papers were obtained through scanning the reference lists of those articles included from the initial published work search (n = 9) and contacting researchers in the field (n = 1). Thirty papers (representing 28 studies) were included in this review. Findings from three studies indicate that consumer involvement in the education of mental health professionals is limited and variable across professions. Evaluations of consumer involvement in 16 courses suggest that students gain insight into consumers' perspectives of: (i) what life is like for people with mental illness; (ii) mental illness itself; (iii) the experiences of admission to, and treatment within, mental health services; and (iv) how these services could be improved. Some students and educators, however, raised numerous concerns about consumer involvement in education (e.g. whether consumers were pursuing their own agendas, whether consumers' views were representative). Evaluations of consumer involvement in education are limited in that their main focus is on the perceptions of students. The findings of this review suggest that public policy expectations regarding consumer involvement in mental health services appear to be slowly affecting the education of mental health professionals. Future research needs to focus on determining the effect of consumer involvement in education on the behaviours and attitudes of students in healthcare environments. PMID:23586597

  11. Profile of injury cases admitted to a tertiary level hospital in south India.

    PubMed

    Uthkarsh, Pallavi Sarji; Suryanarayana, S P; Gautham, M S; Shivraj, N S; Murthy, N S; Pruthvish, S

    2012-01-01

    Injuries now rank among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality the world over. Injuries are steadily increasing in developing countries like India. Systematic and scientific efforts in injury prevention and control are yet to begin in India. Data on injuries are very essential to plan preventive and control measures. The objective of this study is to know the profile of the injury cases admitted to M S Ramaiah hospital, Bangalore, India, using a cross-sectional study design for six months, i.e. from Oct 2008 to April 2009. The mean age of the study population was 35.3 years (SD = 15.38), 69.1% were injured in road traffic accidents (RTA), 28.7% due to falls and 2.2% due to burns. Nearly 14.4% were under the influence of alcohol. Nearly 73.6% of RTA cases were two-wheeler users, 48.5% had not followed sign boards and 56.5% had not obeyed the one-way rules, 63.5% of the two-wheeler users did not use helmets. Also, 38% of two wheelers had two pillion riders, whereas 57% of four-wheeler users had not used a seat belt. Among falls, 58% occurred at home, 49% occurred due to slippery surface. Road traffic accidents were the most common cause for injuries, in which two wheelers were most commonly involved. Strict enforcement of traffic rules and education on road safety are very essential to prevent injuries. PMID:21812707

  12. Clinico-investigative Profile of Patients of Hirsutism in a Tertiary Level Institution

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Divya; Shanker, Vinay; Tegta, Gitaram; Gupta, Mudita; Verma, Ghanshyam Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Hirsutism has a significant impact on the quality of life and serves as a marker of underlying hormonal and systemic conditions. The aim of this study was to study the clinical, biochemical characteristics of these patients and other associations. Materials and Methods: Fifty (n=50) consecutive newly diagnosed patients of hirsutism were assessed during a period from August 2009 to July 2010 using modified Ferriman Gallwey (mF-G) score. Results: Idiopathic hirsutism (IH) was found in 30 (60%) patients followed by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) in 19 (38%) patients. Other causes included late-onset classic adrenal hyperplasia in two (4%) and hypothyroidism in four (8%) patients. The mean age at presentation was 23.8±6.657 years. Total (T) and free testosterone (fT), 17-hydroxyprogesterone was significantly higher in PCOS than IH. Conclusion: The present data show IH as the commonest cause of hirsutism in our study population. Face, chest, and lower abdomen have a higher impact on the hirsutism score while upper back, abdomen, and lower back are rarely involved. PMID:23180912

  13. Morbidity pattern and mortality of neonates admitted in a tertiary level teaching hospital in Bangladesh.

    PubMed

    Islam, M N; Siddika, M; Hossain, M A; Bhuiyan, M K; Ali, M A

    2010-04-01

    This retrospective study was conducted to determine the morbidity and mortality pattern of neonates admitted in to Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH). A total of 4826 neonates were admitted and reviewed during the period January 2003 to December 2003 in MMCH. Neonatal admission comprises 31.6% of total paediatric admission. Majority of the patients were 1 to 3 days of age and male. The top five causes for neonatal admission in MMCH were perinatal asphyxia (38.7%), low birth weight (25.7%), septicemia (19.2%), neonatal jaundice (5.9%), meconium aspiration syndrome (2.9%). The death rate of neonatal admission was 20.6%. The mortality was found among the neonates admitted with low birth weight (28.1%), perinatal asphyxia (22.8%), septicemia (18.9%). The average duration of hospital stay was higher among the septicemia patients than neonates suffering from other diseases. The finding of this study could be used by professionals, managers and policy makers to design neonatal health programmes to achieve millennium development goal (MDG) by the year 2015. PMID:20395904

  14. Resources for Eye Care at Secondary and Tertiary Level Government Institutions in Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Al Motowa, Saeed; Khandekar, Rajiv; Al-Towerki, Abdulelah

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the number of healthcare personnel and equipment resources for eye care at government institutions in different administrative zones of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and to recommend measures for increasing resources to address deficiencies. Materials and Methods: Data on resources (personnel and equipment) for eye care were collected from all governmental eye units in 2012. The data was regrouped by zones and administrative areas. The mid-2012 population projections were used to calculate the ophthalmologist to population ratio and optometrist to population ratio. The equipment available for eye care was reviewed. Results: All 60 institutions in 13 administrative areas and five zones of KSA participated in this study. There were 407 ophthalmologists and 147 optometrists. The ophthalmologist to population ratio was 1:43,000 (1:12,900 in the northern zone to 1:80,300 in the western zone). By 2015, 700 ophthalmologists will be required, and by 2020, 1,100 ophthalmologists will be required. The optometrist to population ratio was 1:95,000 (1:34,100 in the northern zone to 1:146,700 in the western zone). Nearly 2,800 and 4,400 allied eye care personnel will be needed by 2015 and 2020. Diagnostic and treatment equipment such as lasers, electrophysiologic and ultrasound equipment, and fundus cameras were not available at all institutions. Conclusions: Data from the private sector need to be included to draw conclusions on the human resource index for eye care in the Kingdom. An unequal distribution of resources in different zones and administrative areas requires attention. Better utilization of available resources is recommended before fulfilling the demand for additional resources. PMID:24791105

  15. Dehydration of primary-tertiary acetylenic ? -glycols of the acyclic series

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. M. Vlasov; T. A. Favorskaya; A. S. Lozhenitsyna; T. S. Kuznetsova

    1966-01-01

    1.Primary-tertiary acetylenicd-glycols undergo dehydration when distilled in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid, KHSO4 or concentrated H2SO4, with the formation of enynic alcohols.2.The dehydration of the indicated glycols goes mainly in harmony with the Wagner-Zaitsev rule. If unlike radicals are found attached to the tertiary carbon atom, then the dehydration also goes in part contrary to the rule with the formation

  16. Surfactant enhanced injectivity of xanthan mobility control solutions for tertiary oil recovery

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, J.W.; Tate, B.E.

    1983-09-27

    An aqueous mobility control solution for tertiary oil recovery from saline oil fields comprises from about 200 to 2000 ppm xanthan biopolymer in the form of clean, unreconstituted fermentation broth and from about 20 to 200 ppm of a selected water-soluble polyglycol-based surfactant. A process for tertiary oil recovery which comprises the injection of the mobility control solution into saline oil-bearing subterranian formations is also disclosed.

  17. West Hackberry Tertiary Project. Annual report, September 3, 1997--September 2, 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Gillham, T.H.

    1997-09-10

    The following report is the Project Management Plan for the fifth year of the West Hackberry Tertiary Project. The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is one of four mid-term projects selected by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the DOE`s Class 1 Program for the development of advance recovery technologies in fluvial dominated deltaic reservoirs. The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the idea that air injection can be combined with the Double Displacement Process to produce a low cost tertiary recovery process which is economic at current oil prices. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil by gravity drainage. The Double Displacement Process is based upon the concept that in fields such as West Hackberry waterdrive recoveries are typically 50%-60% of the original oil in place while gravity drainage recoveries average 80%-90% of the original oil in place. Therefore, by injecting a gas into a watered out reservoir, a gas cap will form an additional oil can be recovered due to gravity drainage. Although the Double Displacement Process has been shown to be successful in recovering tertiary oil in other fields, this project will be the first to utilize air injection in the Double Displacement Process. The use of air injection in this process combines the benefits of air`s low cost and universal accessibility with the potential for accelerated oil recovery due to the combustion process. If successful, this project will demonstrate that the use of air injection in the Double Displacement Process will result in an economically viable tertiary process in reservoirs where tertiary oil recovery is presently uneconomical.

  18. Presence or Absence of Tertiary Dentinogenesis in Relation to Caries Progression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Bjørndal

    2001-01-01

    Studies have shown that dental caries may or may not be associated with tertiary dentin formation in the pulp. On the basis of histological examinations of 69 clinical well-defined caries lesions, a hypothesis is proposed on the dynamics of the hard-tissue responses of the pulp to caries. In active non-cavitated lesions, the formation of tertiary dentin seems to be initiated

  19. Mineralogy and diagenesis of Gulf Coast Tertiary shales Ann-Mag Field, Brooks County, Texas

    E-print Network

    Bott, Winston Frederick

    1985-01-01

    of hydrocarbons out of shale units and into reservoir rocks. Geochemical and mineralogic analyses suggest that depth related diagenetic changes and hydrocarbon generation vary among sediments of the same age within th same ba si n as we 1 1 as between Tertiary...MINERALOGY AND DIAGENESIS OF GULF COAST TERTIARY SHALES ANN-MAG FIELD, BROOKS COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by WINSTON FREDERICK BOTT, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  20. Awareness, perceptions and knowledge of strabismus among patients visiting a tertiary eye clinic in Southwest Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Isawumi, Michaeline A; Ulaikere, Mildred; Adejumo, Olubusayo O; Adebayo, Modupe; Kekunnaya, Ramesh

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions, knowledge of the causes, implications and treatment of strabismus in a black population. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study utilizing a total sampling technique. Face-to-face interviews were performed using a structured questionnaire. Socio-demographic characteristics, awareness, perceived causes, effect and treatment of squint were investigated. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential (bivariate and binary regression) analysis. A total of 405 respondents (49.6 % male, 50.4 % female) were interviewed. Ages ranged from 11 ± 90 years (mean 41.26 ± 19.00). Modal age group was 17-44 (56 %). Levels of education showed that 22.0 % had no education, while primary, secondary and tertiary levels were 12.6, 31.6 and 33.8 %, respectively. Approximately 75 % of patients were aware of strabismus. Perceived causes were unknown to 53 % while 18.0 and 12 % mentioned eye disease and congenital-related, respectively. There was no knowledge of treatment in 54 % of patients, while 21 and 25 % knew about medical and surgical treatment, respectively. The effects on social and family life were stigmatization/social misfit (23 %), psychosocial/self pity/depression/inferiority complex (88 %), burden (economic/time) (7 %), and poor cosmesis (5 %). Females were significantly more aware than males (p = 0.043, OR 0.6, CI 0.399-0.986). Age (p = 0.187) and level of education (p = 0.321) had no significant relationship with the levels of awareness. Respondents who had no education were 1.25 times less likely to be aware of squint than those who had education (OR 0.8, CI 0.693-1.642). The awareness of the cause, effects and treatment of strabismus is poor in this population. Females were more aware than males. PMID:24442764

  1. Study of COROT 310266512: A Light Curve with Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Eclipses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernández, Javier Fernández; Chou, Dean-Yi

    2015-05-01

    We present the photometric study of an interesting target in the COROT exoplanet database, COROT 310266512. Its light curve shows primary, secondary, and tertiary eclipses. The primary and secondary eclipses have the same orbital period, 7.42 days, and the tertiary eclipse has an orbital period of 3.27 days. The properties of the light curve indicate that this multiple-eclipse light curve corresponds to two physically separate systems. The primary and secondary eclipses belong to a binary system, and the tertiary eclipse belongs to the other system. The tertiary eclipse has a flat part inside the eclipse which is about half the duration of the eclipse. The system of tertiary eclipse consists of two objects; one is smaller than another by a factor of 0.13-0.28 in radius, derived from the JKTEBOP code. The smaller object could be a giant planet or a dwarf star. Two of the tertiary eclipses fall within a primary eclipse and a secondary eclipse.

  2. Textural and mineralogical study of sandstones from the onshore Gulf of Alaska Tertiary Province, southern Alaska

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Winkler, Gary R.; McLean, Hugh; Plafker, George

    1976-01-01

    Petrographic examination of 74 outcrop samples of Paleocene through Pliocene age from the onshore Gulf of Alaska Tertiary Province indicates that sandstones of the province characteristically are texturally immature and mineralogically unstable. Diagenetic alteration of framework grains throughout the stratigraphic sequence has produced widespread zeolite cement or phyllosilicate grain coatings and pseudomatrix. Multiple deformation and deep burial of the older Tertiary sequence--the Orca Group, the shale of Haydon Peak, and the Kulthieth and Tokun Formations--caused extensive alteration and grain interpenetration, resulting in low porosity values. Less intense deformation and intermediate depth of burial of the younger Tertiary sequence--the Katalla, Poul Creek, Redwood, and Yakataga Formations--has resulted in a greater range in textural properties. Most sandstone samples in the younger Tertiary sequence are poorly sorted, tightly packed, and have strongly appressed framework grains, but some are less tightly packed and contain less matrix. Soft and mineralogically unstable framework grains have undergone considerable alteration, reducing pore space even in the youngest rocks. Measurements of porosity, permeability, grain density, and sonic velocity of outcrop samples of the younger Tertiary sequence indicate a modest up-section improvement in sandstone reservoir characteristics. Nonetheless porosity and permeability values typically are below 16 percent and 15 millidarcies respectively and grain densities are consistently high, about 2.7 gm/cc. Low permeability and porosity values, and high grain densities and sonic velocities appear to be typical of most outcrop areas throughout the onshore Gulf of Alaska Tertiary Province.

  3. West Hackberry tertiary project. Annual report, September 3, 1994--September 2, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Gillham, T.; Cerveny, B.; Turek, E.

    1996-05-01

    The West Hackberry Tertiary Project is a field test of the idea that air injection can be combined with the Double Displacement Process to produce a low cost tertiary recovery process which is economic at current oil prices. The Double Displacement Process is the gas displacement of a water invaded oil column for the purpose of recovering tertiary oil by gravity drainage. The Double Displacement Process is based upon the concept that in fields such as West Hackberry waterdrive recoveries are typically 50%-60% of the original oil in place while gravity drainage recoveries average 80%-90% of the original oil in place. Therefore, by injecting a gas into a watered out reservoir, a gas cap will form and additional oil can be recovered due to gravity drainage. Although the Double Displacement Process has been shown to be successful in recovering tertiary oil in other fields, this project will be the first to utilize air injection in the Double Displacement Process. The use of air injection in this process combines the benefits of air`s low cost and universal accessibility with the potential for accelerated oil recovery due to the combustion process. If successful, this project will demonstrate that the use of air injection in the Double Displacement Process will result in an economically viable tertiary process in reservoirs where tertiary oil recovery is presently uneconomical.

  4. Electronic polarization stabilizes tertiary structure prediction of HP-36.

    PubMed

    Duan, Li L; Zhu, Tong; Zhang, Qing G; Tang, Bo; Zhang, John Z H

    2014-04-01

    Molecular dynamic (MD) simulations with both implicit and explicit solvent models have been carried out to study the folding dynamics of HP-36 protein. Starting from the extended conformation, the secondary structure of all three helices in HP-36 was formed in about 50 ns and remained stable in the remaining simulation. However, the formation of the tertiary structure was difficult. Although some intermediates were close to the native structure, the overall conformation was not stable. Further analysis revealed that the large structure fluctuation of loop and hydrophobic core regions was devoted mostly to the instability of the structure during MD simulation. The backbone root-mean-square deviation (RMSD) of the loop and hydrophobic core regions showed strong correlation with the backbone RMSD of the whole protein. The free energy landscape indicated that the distribution of main chain torsions in loop and turn regions was far away from the native state. Starting from an intermediate structure extracted from the initial AMBER simulation, HP-36 was found to generally fold to the native state under the dynamically adjusted polarized protein-specific charge (DPPC) simulation, while the peptide did not fold into the native structure when AMBER force filed was used. The two best folded structures were extracted and taken into further simulations in water employing AMBER03 charge and DPPC for 25 ns. Result showed that introducing polarization effect into interacting potential could stabilize the near-native protein structure. PMID:24715046

  5. Tertiary lymphoid tissues in the colon: friend and foe.

    PubMed

    Lochner, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    In mammals, a variety of different lymphoid tissues have evolved as an integral part of the immune system that allows the host to survive in a sometimes hostile environment. While the development of secondary lymphoid organs is programmed in the fetus, the induction of other lymphoid structures like isolated lymphoid follicles (ILFs) in the gut or tertiary lymphoid tissues (tLT) need additional external triggers after birth. It is well established that for the development of secondary lymphoid organs, as well as ILFs, RORgt expressing lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells play an important role. Yet, the requirement of these cells for tLT induction, especially in the gut, was less clear. Here, I will discuss recent data demonstrating that RORgt expressing LTi cells are not required for the development of tLT in the colon. In contrast, such structures even develop spontaneously in the absence of RORgt. In RORgt (-/-) mice, this is part of the host's strategy to establish a viable homeostasis between the intestinal microbiota and the host, despite the loss of important components of the intestinal immune system in these mice. Although this highlights the amazing capacity of the immune system for adaptation, I will also discuss the adverse effects of such a compensatory immune mechanism for the host. PMID:21869608

  6. Candida isolates in tertiary hospitals in northeastern Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Hinrichsen, Sylvia Lemos; Falcão, érica; Vilella, Tatiana Aguiar Santos; Rêgo, Leandro; Lira, Conceição; Almeida, Luciano; Martins, Mízia; Araújo, Carmem; Duarte, Marcelo; Lopes, Geraldo

    2009-01-01

    Candida is an opportunistic pathogen that affects high–risk patients who are either immunocompromised or critically ill and is associated with almost 80% of all nosocomial fungal infections, representing the major cause of fungemia with high mortality rates (40%). Candida albicans is the main cause of candidemia and among the non-albicans species C. parapsilosis, C. glabrata and C. tropicalis are the most frequent agents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of Candida species in two tertiary hospitals in Recife, Northeastern Brazil. It began by surveying all positive Candida cultures processed by the microbiology laboratory from September 2003 to September 2006. The cultures, originated from various types of biological material (blood, urine, tracheal, catheter and others), were processed by Vitec® system (Biomerieux SA, France). A total of 1.279 (hospital A: 837; hospital B: 442) sample isolates were positive for Candida. The most frequent species in both hospitals were: C. albicans (367), C. tropicalis (363), C. parapsilosis (147), C. glabrata (81), C. krusei (30) and C. guillermondii (14). The isolates were obtained from 746 hospitalized patients. A total of 221 positive hemocultures were detected in 166 different patients in both hospitals, and 113 (68.1%) of these patients with positive hemocultures presented Candida in other body sites. This study shows that Candida non-albicans was the main isolated agent and evidences the importante of C. tropicalis in nosocomial fungal infections. PMID:24031366

  7. Seawater strontium isotopes at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macdougall, J. D.; Martin, E.

    1988-01-01

    Anomalously high values of Seawater Sr-87/Sr-86 near the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary have been reported. However, few of the data from the literature are from a single continuous section, and perhaps the most complete study of the boundary region, from a shallow marine limestone sequence in Alabama, showed elevated Sr-87/Sr-86 but no pronounced spike. Thus, in order to investigate the cause of the change in strontium isotopic composition, it is important to determine the exact nature and magnitude of the increase by studying in detail continuous sections through the boundary. If there is indeed a Sr isotope spike at the K-T boundary, it requires the addition of a large amount of radiogenic Sr to the oceans over a short time period, a phenomenon that may be linked to other large-scale environmental disturbances which occurred at that time. In order to address this question, a high-resolution strontium isotope study of foraminifera from three Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) cores which recovered the K-T boundary section: Site 356 in the South Atlantic, Site 384 in the North Atlantic and Site 577 from the Shatsky Rise in the Pacific was initiated. The isotope measurements are being made on either single or small numbers of forams carefully picked and identified and in most cases examined by SEM before analysis. Because this work is not yet complete, conclusions drawn here must be viewed as tentative. They are briefly discussed.

  8. Predictors of Patient Satisfaction with Tertiary Hospitals in Korea

    PubMed Central

    Ham, Hye-Sook; Peck, Eun Hee; Moon, Hee Soo; Yeom, Hye-A

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the general and system-related predictors of outpatient satisfaction with tertiary health care institutions in Korea. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was employed. The subjects were 1,194 outpatients recruited from 29 outpatient clinics of a university medical center in Korea. Measurements included 5 outpatient service domains (i.e., doctor service, nurse service, technician service, convenience, and physical environment of facility) and patient satisfaction. Of the five domains, nurse service was the domain with the highest mean score (M = 4.21) and convenience was the domain with the lowest mean score (M = 3.77). The most significant predictor of patient satisfaction was the constructs of convenience (? = 0.21). The results of this study suggest that the concept of patient satisfaction with health care institutions in modern hospitals reflects an integrative process that includes not only the concerned health care personnel but also improved convenience such as user-friendly reservation system and comfortable waiting areas. PMID:25722886

  9. Tertiary structure of conotoxin GIIIA in aqueous solution.

    PubMed

    Lancelin, J M; Kohda, D; Tate, S; Yanagawa, Y; Abe, T; Satake, M; Inagaki, F

    1991-07-16

    The three-dimensional structure of conotoxin GIIIA, an important constituent of the venom from the marine hunting snail Conus geographus L., was determined in aqueous solution by two-dimensional proton nuclear magnetic resonance and simulated annealing based methods. On the basis of 162 assigned nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) connectivities obtained at the medium field strength frequency of 400 MHz, 74 final distance constraints of sequential and tertiary ones were derived and used together with 18 torsion angle (phi, chi 1) constraints and 9 distance constraints derived from disulfide bridges. A total of 32 converged structures were obtained from 200 runs of calculations. The atomic root-mean-square (RMS) difference about the mean coordinate positions (excluding the terminal residues 1 and 22) is 0.8 A for backbone atoms (N, C alpha, C). Conotoxin GIIIA is characterized by a particular folding of the 22 amino acid peptidic chain, which is stabilized by three disulfide bridges arranged in cage at the center of a discoidal structure of approximately 20-A diameter. The seven cationic side chains of lysine and arginine residues project radially into the solvent and form potential sites of interaction with the skeletal muscle sodium channel for which the toxin is a strong inhibitor. The present results provide a molecular basis to elucidate the remarkable physiological properties of this neurotoxin. PMID:2069951

  10. The debate over the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alvarez, W.; Asaro, F.; Alvarez, L. W.; Michel, H. V.

    1988-01-01

    Large-body impact on the Earth is a rare but indisputable geologic process. The impact rate is approximately known from objects discovered in Earth-crossing orbits and from the statistics of craters on the Earth's surface. Tektite and microtektite strewn fields constitute unmistakable ejecta deposits that can be due only to large-body impacts. The Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary coincides with an unusually severe biological trauma, and this stratigraphic horizon is marked on a worldwide basis by anomalous concentrations of noble metals in chondritic proportions, mineral spherules with relict quench-crystallization textures, and mineral and rock grains showing shock deformation. These features are precisely compatible with an impact origin. Although only impact explains all the types of K-T boundary evidence, the story may not be as simple as once thought. The original hypothesis envisioned one large impact, triggering one great extinction. Newer evidence hints at various complications. Different challenges are faced by the occupants of each apex of a three-cornered argument over the K-T event. Proponents of a non-impact explanation must show that the evidence fits their preferred model better than it fits the impact scenario. Proponents of the single impact-single extinction view must explain away the complications. Proponents of a more complex impact crisis must develop a reasonable scenario which honors the new evidence.

  11. High-Mg Tertiary basalts in Southern Sardinia (Italy)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mattioli, Michele; Guerrera, Francesco; Tramontana, Mario; Raffaelli, Giuliana; D'Atri, Mario

    2000-06-01

    High-Mg basaltic pillow lavas, important for an understanding of the petrogenetic evolution of the Tertiary volcanism of Sardinia, have recently been recognized in the lower part of the Early-Burdigalian volcano-sedimentary succession of the Villanovaforru (VF) area (Southern Sardinian Trough). Their textures vary from porphyritic to highly phyric types (doleritic) and the paragenesis is represented by Pl+Ol+Cpx±Opx±Opq. These basalts are sub-alkaline with a tholeiitic tendency; they display high MgO ( mg-number 64-68), high Ni and Cr contents and their geochemical features are related to subduction-related magmas, with large-ion lithophile element enrichment and negative Nb, Zr and Ce spikes in mantle-normalized diagrams. The mineralogical and geochemical characteristics indicate that the VF basalts crystallized from primitive magmas within an extension-dominated tectonic setting. The presence of primitive basalts suggests crustal thinning in association with the Burdigalian extensional tectonics affecting the Sardinian Trough.

  12. Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreak at a tertiary referral eye care clinic.

    PubMed

    Montessori, V; Scharf, S; Holland, S; Werker, D H; Roberts, F J; Bryce, E

    1998-08-01

    An outbreak of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) occurred at a tertiary referral eye care clinic between late September and mid-November 1995. Before the outbreak, instruments were cleaned with 70% isopropyl alcohol and handwashing between patients was not routine. Infection control measures were implemented when the outbreak was recognized in mid-October. Control measures included triaging suspected cases to a separate waiting area, cohorting cases to a specific examining room, endorsing the use of gloves and handwashing during examinations of patients, and cleaning instruments with a buffered bleach solution. Thirty-six cases were diagnosed before the infection control measures were taken, and 3 cases were seen after the control measures were taken. Also, numerous secondary cases occurred in the community. No additional cases were diagnosed from DEcember to February 25, 1996. Acquisition of the infection was linked to visits to 4 of 20 physicians in the eye clinic with 61% of cases associated with visits to 1 of those 4 physicians. The use of diagnostic lenses applied directly to the eye was associated with infection (odds ratio = 2.83, 95% confidence interval = 0.79 to 10.4), although this did not reach statistical significance. The use of tonometers, ophthalmic solutions, or laser therapy was not associated with infection, and all environmental cultures were negative. This outbreak emphasizes the need for implementation of routine infection control guidelines to prevent nosocomial transmission of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis and stresses the need for appropriate disinfection of instruments. PMID:9721392

  13. A new Tertiary borax deposit in the Andes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alonso, R. N.; Helvac?, C.; Sureda, R. J.; Viramonte, J. G.

    1988-10-01

    The Loma Blanca borate deposit was formed in the muds of playa-lake environments during the Late Miocene and is the fourth Tertiary commercial borax deposit discovered within the borate districts of the world. It is the only South American deposit known to contain any of the minerals colemanite, inyoite, ulexite, borax, tincalconite and teruggite with a unique and characteristic mineral sequence among the other Argentinian borate deposits. The Loma Blanca deposit is characterized by abundant Ca, Na and B, very low Cl and relatively high As, S and Mg concentrations compared with other borate deposits. Thermal springs and hydrothermal solutions associated with local volcanic activity are thought to be the source of the borates. The early colemanite, inyoite, ulexite, borax and teruggite nodules and crystals appear to have been formed directly from brines penecontemporaneously within the unconsolidated sediments, and they continued to grow as the sediments were compacted. Later generations of borate minerals occur in vughs, veins and as thin layers. Diagenetic alterations include the partial replacement of borax by ulexite and tincalconite; when weathered, borates are often almost completely replaced by calcite.

  14. Postoperative Residual Neuromuscular Paralysis at an Australian Tertiary Children's Hospital

    PubMed Central

    O'Dea, Brendan; Meyerkort, Luke; Hegarty, Mary; von Ungern-Sternberg, Britta S.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. Residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is known to be a significant but frequently overlooked complication after the use of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA). Aim of this prospective audit was to investigate the incidence and severity of RNMB at our Australian tertiary pediatric center. Methods. All children receiving NMBA during anesthesia were included over a 5-week period at the end of 2011 (Mondays to Fridays; 8?a.m.–6?p.m.). At the end of surgery, directly prior to tracheal extubation, the train-of-four (TOF) ratio was assessed quantitatively. Data related to patient postoperative outcome was collected in the postoperative acute care unit. Results. Data of 64 patients were analyzed. Neostigmine was given in 34 cases and sugammadex in 1 patient. The incidence of RNMB was 28.1% overall (without reversal: 19.4%; after neostigmine: 37.5%; n.s.). Severe RNMB (TOF ratio < 0.7) was found in 6.5% after both no reversal and neostigmine, respectively. Complications in the postoperative acute care unit were infrequent, with no differences between reversal and no reversal groups. Conclusions. In this audit, RNMB was frequently observed, particularly in cases where patients were reversed with neostigmine. These findings underline the well-known problems associated with the use of NMBA that are not fully reversed.

  15. The Rotational Spectrum of Tertiary-Butyl Alcohol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, E. A.; Drouin, B. J.; Valenzuela, E. A.; Woods, R. C.; Caminati, W.; Maris, A.; Melandri, S.

    2009-06-01

    Tertiary-butyl alcohol is a nearly spherical rotor for which the internal rotation axis of the t-butyl group is close to the c molecular axis in the ac plane. Methyl group torsional spittings are not observed in the ground state. Its 8 to 40 GHz rotational spectrum was reported at this meeting by Valenzuela and Woods in 1974 and in more detail in 1975. The parameters derived at that time from a fit to the E states with J,K? 20 have provided the basis for extending the measurements to > 500 GHz. The combined data set extends to J,K > 50 and is fit with the program SPFIT using a common set of parameters for both the A and E states. The general features of the spectrum and the fitting procedure will be described. The resulting molecular constants and their interpretation will be discussed. E.A. Valenzuela, and R. C. Woods, Abstract MF6, International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, Columbus, OH, 1974 E.A. Valenzuela, and R. C. Woods, Abstract RG15, International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, Columbus, OH, 1975 E.A. Valenzuela, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1975. H. M. Pickett, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 148 (1991) 271-377.

  16. Evaluation of virulent multidrug resistant Klebsiella infection status in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India.

    PubMed

    Chatterjee, Sumanta; Adhikari, Anjan; Ghosh, Reena Roy; Chatterjee, Nilay; Bhattacharyya, Kumkum; Bhattacharya, Sujata

    2012-11-01

    Klebsiella especially Klebsiella pneumoniae is gaining renewed interest because of emergence of multidrug resistance among klebsiellae associated with infections.These are now being recognised as one of the major threats to effective management of patients in hospital, especially in developing country like India. Pathogenic mechanism of klebsiella Infections are associated with virulence factors such as capsule and mucoid phenotype, etc. The present study was designed to determine the virulence factors and antibiogram of klebsiellae, isolated from various clinical specimen in a tertiary care hospital of West Bengal, India. A total of 2370 clinical specimens which include blood, urine, wound swab, sputum were processed for isolation and identification of klebsiella to the species level. For each klebsiella isolate demonstration of capsule was done by capsule relief stain and detection of mucoid phenotype was done by string test. Antibiogram was studied by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) guidelines. The results showed that klebsiella species were isolated and identified from 139 clinical samples (5.9% prevalence rate) among which 4 (2.9%) were Klebsiella oxytoca and the remaining 135 Isolates (97.1%) were Klebsiella pneumoniae. Out of 139 klebsiella isolates, capsule was demonstrated in 118 (84.9%) and 116 (83.4%) were positive for string test. Antibiogram revealed that most of isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae were multidrug resistant. PMID:23785917

  17. Smoke-free policies in New Zealand public tertiary education institutions.

    PubMed

    Robertson, Lindsay A; Marsh, L

    2015-04-01

    The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control mandates the creation of smoke-free environments to protect non-smokers from second-hand smoke and reduce demand for tobacco. We aimed to examine the extent and nature of smoke-free campus policies at tertiary education institutions throughout New Zealand, and examine the policy development process. Stage one comprised an audit and content analysis of smoke-free policies. In stage two, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted to investigate the process of developing and implementing policies. Qualitative content analysis was undertaken on interview notes. Policies were identified for most institutions (n = 26/29), though varied widely in nature. Only nine mandated 100% smoke-free campuses without exceptions and few prohibited the sale of tobacco on campus, or connections with the tobacco industry. During interviews (n = 22/29), cited barriers to developing a 100% smoke-free policy included enforcement challenges and anticipated opposition from staff and students. However, participants from institutions with 100% smoke-free policies reported having encountered few challenges. Varying levels of compliance with 100% smoke-free policies were reported yet, overall, these policies were viewed as being effective. Smoke-free campus policies could be strengthened to better reflect a completely tobacco-free organization. Other institutions and workplaces could use these findings to develop 100% smoke-free policies. PMID:25686846

  18. Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary event, El Kef Tunesia: a foraminiferal response

    SciTech Connect

    Chi, W.R.; Keller, G.

    1985-01-01

    The Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary extinction event affected benthic communities less than planktonic faunas. Only 9% of benthic species comprising 20% in relative abundance of the total population became extinct, but most species declined in abundance. Only one species, Gavelinella eriksdalensis rapidly increased in abundance through the Danian and Loxostomum and Alabamian dorsoplanata are common in the boundary clay. Two further extinction events of lesser magnitude are observed in the upper A. mayaroensis Zone where 2% of the species go extinct, or 9% of the population, and in the Globigerina engubina Zone where also 2% of the species go extinct or 4% of the population. Significant species abundance changes also accompany these extinction events. Similar stepwise extinction events are also observed in the planktonic foraminifers. Benthic foraminifers indicate that the C/T boundary event was accompanied by a shallowing environment from middle slope to outer shelf. Reducing conditions prevailed during deposition of the boundary clay as suggested by the abundance of pyrite. The authors study of the El Kef section suggests that the observed population turnovers in benthic and planktonic communities could be explained by a sea level fall and/or geotectonically induced changes in oceanic circulation accompanied by temperature and salinity fluctuations. Although they cannot rule out the possibility of impact induced extinction events, have found no evidence of microtektite-like spherules in the boundary clay.

  19. Direct medical cost of stroke: findings from a tertiary hospital in malaysia.

    PubMed

    Nor Azlin, M N; Syed Aljunid, S J; Noor Azahz, A; Amrizal, M N; Saperi, S

    2012-10-01

    This study aimed to estimate cost of in-patient medical care due to stroke in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. A retrospective analysis of stroke patients admitted to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) between January 2005 and December 2008 were conducted. Cost evaluation was undertaken from the health provider's perspective using a top-down costing approach. Mean length of stay (LOS) was 6.4 ± 3.1 days and mean cost of care per patient per admission was MYR 3,696.40 ± 1,842.17 or 16% of per capita GDP of the country. Human resources made up the highest cost component (MYR 1,343.90, SD: 669.8 or 36% of the total cost), followed by medications (MYR 867.30, SD:432.40) and laboratory services (MYR 337.90, SD:168.40). LOS and cost of care varied across different stroke severity levels (p<0.01). A regression analysis shown significant influence of stroke severity on cost of care, with the most severe stroke consumed MYR 1,598.10 higher cost than the mild stroke (p<0.001). Cost of medical care during hospital admission due to stroke is substantial. Health promotion and primary prevention activities need to take priority to minimise stroke admission in future. PMID:23770861

  20. Disposition, metabolism, and toxicity of methyl tertiary butyl ether, an oxygenate for reformulated gasoline

    SciTech Connect

    Hutcheon, D.E.; Hove, W. ten; Boyle, J. III [UMDNJ, New Jersey Medical Schook, Newark, NJ (United States)] [UMDNJ, New Jersey Medical Schook, Newark, NJ (United States); Arnold, J.D. [Arnold & Arnold, Inc., Kansas City, MO (United States)] [Arnold & Arnold, Inc., Kansas City, MO (United States)

    1996-04-05

    Studies of the toxicology of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) were reviewed as a possible information base for evaluating the health effects of evaporative emissions from reformulated gasoline (RFG). Perirenal fat/blood MTBE concentration ratios ranged from 9.7 to 11.6 after 15 wk of intermittent exposure. During an oxyfuels program in Fairbanks, AK, blood levels of occupationally exposed workers were 0.2-31.5 {mu}g/L MTBE and 1.6 to 72.2 {mu}g/L TBA with a mean TBA:MTBE blood concentration ratio of 4.2. In patients who received MTBE by percutaneous, transhepatic puncture for the dissolution of cholesterol gallstones, concentrations of MTBE in fat tissue reached 60 and 300 {mu}g/g at a treatment time when mean blood MTBE was less than 20 {mu}g/ml. The results of laboratory and clinical studies indicate that metabolites of MTBE may contribute to the nephropathy, neoplasms, and other pathological changes associated with repeated exposure to MTBE in experimental animals. It is concluded that such studies can provide a well-defined database for quantitatitive safety comparisons and health risk-benefit analyses of MTBE and other oxygenates in RFG. 39 refs., 1 tab.

  1. Fossil gap analysis supports early Tertiary origin of trophically diverse avian orders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bleiweiss, Robert

    1998-04-01

    Recent molecular studies have cited the general incompleteness of the fossil record to support claims that most extant avian orders diverged in the mid-Cretaceous, some 40 m.y. before their first fossil appearances in the early Cenozoic. To evaluate these assertions, I used gap analysis to estimate confidence intervals for the beginnings of the observed stratigraphic ranges for the related extant avian orders Strigiformes (owls), Caprimulgiformes (goatsuckers), and Apodiformes (swifts, hummingbirds), and for the origin of the common ancestor to this larger megaclade. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the origins of these groups extend no more than 2 m.y. before the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary and are contained within the Paleocene for strigiforms, apodiforms, and the common ancestor to the megaclade. The confidence level that these orders diverged from a common ancestor after the K-T boundary exceeds 99%. Thus, the quality of the fossil record is consistent with the classical view that trophically diverse extant bird orders arose and diversified rapidly following the widespread extinction of other terrestrial groups at the K-T boundary.

  2. The effect of online discussion forums on student learning and student perception of learning in a science course at the community college level

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryan, Rachel Syring

    Institutions of higher education are feeling the pressure to offer a greater number of courses through alternative methods of instructional delivery including hybrid and online courses in an attempt to meet the needs of their students. Among institutions of higher education, community colleges have become a forerunner in online education, in many cases incorporating the development of online education into the institution's strategic plan. To some educators, hybrid course offerings provide the best of face-to-face education with electronic transfer of information. One of the greatest challenges which exists in the development of a hybrid course is the development of instructional methodologies which utilize cooperative and active learning. All learning management systems utilized by institutions of higher education have some form of online discussion forum as a key component. Online discussion forums have been suggested as an effective pedagogical tool which requires both cooperative interaction amongst students while simultaneously requiring individual active reflection of knowledge. However, current studies have focused on the effectiveness of online discussion forums at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The aim of the current study was to determine the effectiveness of online discussion forums in an upper level science course at the community college level in terms of student satisfaction and student achievement. Analysis of the data acquired from this study determined that the incorporation of online discussion forums as well as individual written reflections as a post-reflective assignment effectively improved student achievement and understanding of scientific topics and concepts related to Microbiology. In addition, it was determined that the students' attitudes towards the online discussion forum as a cooperative learning experience were somewhat positive. Thus, it can be concluded that the incorporation of online discussion forums into courses at the community college level can be considered as an alternative pedagogical tool which can effectively improve student learning.

  3. Quaternary and tertiary quinuclidine derivatives as inhibitors of choline uptake.

    PubMed

    Sterling, G H; Doukas, P H; Ricciardi, F J; O'Neill, J J

    1991-08-01

    The uptake of choline into cholinergic neurons for acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis is by a specific, high-affinity, sodium- and temperature-dependent transport mechanism (HAChU). Of several quaternary quinuclidinol derivatives tested, the N-allyl derivative proved to be most potent. Though the methyl, ethyl, and isopropyl derivatives were less potent at comparable concentrations, at higher concentrations they also maximally inhibited HAChU. The benzyl, hydroxyethyl, and methoxyethyl derivatives failed to inhibit HAChU by greater than 50% at concentrations up to 100 microM. N-Allyl-3-quinuclidinol (NAQ) proved to be a specific inhibitor of HAChU (IC50 = 0.9 microM) and a poor inhibitor of both sodium-independent transport (IC50 = 680 microM) and choline acetyltransferase activity (Ki = 200 microM). The NAQ exhibited noncompetitive type inhibition compared with N-methyl-3-quinuclidinol, a competitive inhibitor of HAChU. Thus, substitution at the N-functional group not only alters potency, but may change the mechanism by which inhibition is produced. The optical isomers of NAQ and several derivatives were prepared and employed to examine the stereochemical selectivity for inhibition of choline uptake. The S(+)-isomer of NAQ (IC50 = 0.1 microM) had approximately 100-fold greater inhibitory activity for HAChU than the corresponding R(-)-isomer (IC50 = 10 microM). With all other quinuclidinols tested, the S(+)-isomers were also more potent than the corresponding R(-)-isomers. In an effort to obtain a tertiary inhibitor of HAChU that would be expected to cross the blood-brain barrier following peripheral administration, 3-biphenyl-3-quinuclidinol (BHQ) and 3-naphthyl-3-quinuclidinol (NHQ) were synthesized and evaluated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1791542

  4. Macromolecular ab initio phasing enforcing secondary and tertiary structure

    PubMed Central

    Millán, Claudia; Sammito, Massimo; Usón, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Ab initio phasing of macromolecular structures, from the native intensities alone with no experimental phase information or previous particular structural knowledge, has been the object of a long quest, limited by two main barriers: structure size and resolution of the data. Current approaches to extend the scope of ab initio phasing include use of the Patterson function, density modification and data extrapolation. The authors’ approach relies on the combination of locating model fragments such as polyalanine ?-helices with the program PHASER and density modification with the program SHELXE. Given the difficulties in discriminating correct small substructures, many putative groups of fragments have to be tested in parallel; thus calculations are performed in a grid or supercomputer. The method has been named after the Italian painter Arcimboldo, who used to compose portraits out of fruit and vegetables. With ARCIMBOLDO, most collections of fragments remain a ‘still-life’, but some are correct enough for density modification and main-chain tracing to reveal the protein’s true portrait. Beyond ?-helices, other fragments can be exploited in an analogous way: libraries of helices with modelled side chains, ?-strands, predictable fragments such as DNA-binding folds or fragments selected from distant homologues up to libraries of small local folds that are used to enforce nonspecific tertiary structure; thus restoring the ab initio nature of the method. Using these methods, a number of unknown macromolecules with a few thousand atoms and resolutions around 2?Å have been solved. In the 2014 release, use of the program has been simplified. The software mediates the use of massive computing to automate the grid access required in difficult cases but may also run on a single multicore workstation (http://chango.ibmb.csic.es/ARCIMBOLDO_LITE) to solve straightforward cases. PMID:25610631

  5. Carcinogenicity of methyl-tertiary butyl ether in gasoline.

    PubMed

    Mehlman, Myron A

    2002-12-01

    Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) was added to gasoline on a nationwide scale in 1992 without prior testing of adverse, toxic, or carcinogenic effects. Since that time, numerous reports have appeared describing adverse health effects of individuals exposed to MTBE, both from inhalation of fumes in the workplace and while pumping gasoline. Leakage of MTBE, a highly water-soluble compound, from underground storage tanks has led to contamination of the water supply in many areas of the United States. Legislation has been passed by many states to prohibit the addition of MTBE to gasoline. The addition of MTBE to gasoline has not accomplished its stated goal of decreasing air pollution, and it has posed serious health risks to a large portion of the population, particularly the elderly and those with respiratory problems, asthma, and skin sensitivity. Reports of animal studies of carcinogenicity of MTBE began to appear in the 1990s, prior to the widespread introduction of MTBE into gasoline. These reports were largely ignored. In ensuing years, further studies have shown that MTBE causes various types of malignant tumors in mice and rats. The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors' Report on Carcinogens Subcommittee met in December 1998 to consider listing MTBE as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen." In spite of recommendations from Dr. Bailer, the primary reviewer, and other scientists on the committee, the motion to list MTBE in the report was defeated by a six to five vote, with one abstention. On the basis of animal studies, it is widely accepted that if a chemical is carcinogenic in appropriate laboratory animal test systems, it must be treated as though it were carcinogenic in humans. In the face of compelling evidence, NTP Committee members who voted not to list MTBE as "reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen" did a disservice to the general public; this action may cause needless exposure of many to health risks and possibly cancers. PMID:12562634

  6. Profile of intractable epilepsy in a tertiary referral center.

    PubMed

    Singhvi, J P; Sawhney, I M; Lal, V; Pathak, A; Prabhakar, S

    2000-12-01

    This study was undertaken to find out the profile of intractable epilepsy (IE) in a tertiary referral centre. 100 patients (males 67; females 33) with IE attending the epilepsy clinic were evaluated. Detailed history, examination, investigations like EEG and CT scan and details regarding pharmacotherapy were analysed. The age of the patients ranged from 5 to 70 yrs (mean=23.2 yrs). Mean duration of seizures was 11.44 years. Commonest seizure type was partial seizures (74%). Amongst patients with generalised seizures (26%), 14% had multiple seizure types. The seizure frequency was 12.39 +/- 21.57 (mean +/- SD) per month. Fifty seven patients were in the symptomatic group with CNS infections being the leading cause (19%) of epilepsy. Fifty patients had one or more abnormal predictors of IE. There was no difference in the severity of epilepsy in patients with no abnormal feature when compared with patients having abnormal features. EEG was abnormal in 69% cases with background abnormality in 20% and focal abnormality in 36% cases. CT scan was abnormal in 41% cases with commonest abnormality being neurocysticercosis (11%) followed by gliosis (9%) and chronic infarct (9%). Sixty patients were receiving a combination of two drugs, 32 patients 3 drugs and 8 patients were on 4 drugs. There was no difference in seizure control in patients who were on 2 drugs or more than 2 drugs. Partial seizures were the commonest seizure type leading to IE; CNS infection being the leading aetiological factor. The presence or absence of predictors of intractability does not predict severity of epilepsy. Addition of third primary drug to existing combination only increases adverse effects without better control of seizures. PMID:11146600

  7. Cathodoluminescence of shocked quartz at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Owen, Michael R.; Anders, Mark H.

    1988-01-01

    Empirical studies have documented an association between rock type and the cathodoluminescence color of constituent quartz grains. Quartz from extrusive igneous sources luminesces uniform pale blue. Quartz from intrusive igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks generally luminesces darker purple-blue, whereas quartz recrystallized under low-grade metamorphic conditions luminesces reddish-brown. Quartz grains in most sandstones luminesce a heterogeneous mixture of these colors because the grains were derived from a variety of ultimate source rocks. If shocked quartz found at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary is volcanic in origin, its cathodoluminescence should be predominantly pale blue. Alternatively, quartz grains derived from bolide impact upon, and ejection of, mixed igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks should luminesce a variety of colors. Grain mounts of sand collected at the K-T boundary horizon from the Clear Creek North site in the Raton Basin, Colorado were examined. Shocked quartz luminesced a variety of colors and very few grains luminesced the pale blue color that is typical of volcanic quartz. It was concluded that the shocked quartz was derived from a petrologically diverse source region without substantial volcanic contribution. Most shocked grains apparently were derived from low-grade metamorphic rocks, with a slightly smaller contribution from high-grade metamorphic and intrusive igneous rocks. Rare quartz grains with brown-luminescing rims reflect a minor addition from detrital sedimentary sources. The apparent relative abundances of intrusive (and rare extrusive) igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary ultimate source rocks suggested by CL colors of shock-deformed quartz at the K-T boundary is consistent with a crustal/supracrustal origin for the grains.

  8. Identification of tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA)-utilizing organisms in BioGAC reactors using 13 CDNA stable isotope probing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denise Aslett; Joseph Haas; Michael Hyman

    2011-01-01

    Biodegradation of the gasoline oxygenates methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) and ethyl tertiary-butyl ether (ETBE) can cause tertiary butyl alcohol (TBA) to accumulate in gasoline-impacted environments. One remediation option for TBA-contaminated groundwater\\u000a involves oxygenated granulated activated carbon (GAC) reactors that have been self-inoculated by indigenous TBA-degrading\\u000a microorganisms in ground water extracted from contaminated aquifers. Identification of these organisms is important for

  9. Science for Real Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammerman, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    State and national standards identify what students should know and be able to do, including what it means to "do" science, the historical significance of science achievement and its ethical underpinnings, and science from the human perspective. Middle level science programs that address the full range of science standards and connect learning to…

  10. Toxicological and ecotoxic impact of secondary and tertiary treated sewage effluents.

    PubMed

    Petala, M; Kokokiris, L; Samaras, P; Papadopoulos, A; Zouboulis, A

    2009-12-01

    Secondary sewage effluents are discharged in significant quantities in aquatic environments delivering pollutants that were not removed during treatment; yet advanced treated effluents are not lacking of contaminants. In this study, biochemical biomarkers were measured in liver and kidney of rainbow trout (Oncorynchus mykiss) exposed to unchlorinated, chlorinated and tertiary treated secondary sewage effluents. In addition, organic matter, nitrogen and suspended solids were assayed, while a common bioassay, Daphnia magna 21d reproduction test was also applied in order to examine potential relation between the performed bioassay and the biomarkers. Processes using oxidative conditions, such as ozonation and chlorination, resulted in significantly increased breeding rate (up to 74%) of the organism. Biomarkers measurements incorporated the determination of total glutathione (GSH), glutathione S-transferases (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and an innovative biomarker in such applications, haem peroxidase. In general, the response of biomarkers was dependent upon the treatment method and it was tissue specific. Secondary effluents inhibited liver GST and haem peroxidase, while GSH levels and LPO were significantly provoked in liver. Ozonation provoked hepatic peroxidation, in terms of haem peroxidase and LPO, and GST; while the protective (to Reactive Oxidant Species - ROS) GSH was depleted, suggesting extended ROS attack to the organism. Similar response of biomarkers (but to a lesser extend) was observed after exposure of trout to effluents submitted to both coagulation and ozonation, emphasizing the significance of removing the residual organic matter by other methods than oxidative ones. Ozonation also enhanced renal LPO and GPX; however the former employment of coagulation limited the peroxidation phenomena. Chlorination mainly affected the levels of total GSH in both tissues. PMID:19767054

  11. Political science focuses on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state, national, and international levels. We are dedicated to developing

    E-print Network

    Kaminsky, Werner

    Political science focuses on the theory and practice of government and politics at the local, state received a top 20 rating in the Princeton Review 2010 list of "great schools to study political science typically develop expertise in at least two of the five major fields in political science: political theory

  12. CAPTEM concerns about the Planetary Science Division's restructuring of R&A Given current funding levels, we recognize that the number of existing R&A programs

    E-print Network

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    CAPTEM concerns about the Planetary Science Division's restructuring of R&A programs: Given current examine each of the 20 existing programs to see whether its goals are aligned with the planetary science return missions (such as OSIRIS-Rex and Mars sample return). The five planetary science questions do

  13. Anti-Nuclear Antibodies in Daily Clinical Practice: Prevalence in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Care

    PubMed Central

    Avery, Thomas Y.; van de Cruys, Mart; Austen, Jos; Stals, Frans; Damoiseaux, Jan G. M. C.

    2014-01-01

    For the diagnosis of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARD), patients are screened for anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA). ANA, as assessed by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), have a poor specificity. This hampers interpretation of positive results in clinical settings with low pretest probability of SARD. We hypothesized that the utility of positive ANA IIF results increases from primary to tertiary care. We retrospectively determined ANA, anti-ENA, and anti-dsDNA antibody prevalence in patient cohorts from primary (n = 1453), secondary (n = 1621), and tertiary (n = 1168) care settings. Results reveal that from primary care to tertiary care, ANA prevalence increases (6.2, 10.8, and 16.0%, resp.). Moreover, in primary care low titres (70% versus 51% and 52% in secondary and tertiary care, resp.) are more frequent and anti-ENA/dsDNA reactivities are less prevalent (21% versus 39% in secondary care). Typically, in tertiary care the prevalence of anti-ENA/dsDNA reactivities (21%) is lower than expected. From this descriptive study we conclude that positive ANA IIF results are more prone to false interpretation in clinical settings with low pretest probabilities for SARD, as in primary care. Whether alternative approaches, that is, immunoadsorption of anti-DFS70 antibodies or implementation of anti-ENA screen assays, perform better, needs to be determined. PMID:24741596

  14. Comparing Chronic Pain Treatment Seekers in Primary Care versus Tertiary Care Settings

    PubMed Central

    Fink-Miller, Erin L.; Long, Dustin M.; Gross, Richard T.

    2015-01-01

    Background Patients frequently seek treatment for chronic nonmalignant pain in primary care settings. Compared with physicians who have completed extensive specialization (eg, fellowships) in pain management, primary care physicians receive much less formal training in managing chronic pain. While chronic pain represents a complicated condition in its own right, the recent increase in opioid prescriptions further muddles treatment. It is unknown whether patients with chronic pain seeking treatment in primary care differ from those seeking treatment in tertiary care settings. This study sought to determine whether patients with chronic pain in primary care reported less pain, fewer psychological variables related to pain, and lower risk of medication misuse/abuse compared with those in tertiary care. Methods Data collected from patients with chronic pain in primary care settings and tertiary care settings were analyzed for significant differences using Wilcoxon rank sum tests, Fisher exact tests, and linear regression. A host of variables among populations, including demographics, self-reported pain severity, psychological variables related to pain, and risk for opioid misuse and abuse, were compared. Results Findings suggest that primary care patients with chronic pain were similar to those in tertiary care on a host of indices and reported more severe pain. There were no significant group differences for risk of medication misuse or abuse. Conclusion It seems that primary care physicians care for a complicated group of patients with chronic pain that rivals the complexity of those seen in specialized tertiary care pain management facilities. PMID:25201929

  15. Planktonic benthonic foraminiferal ratios: Modern patterns and Tertiary applicability

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gibson, T.G.

    1989-01-01

    The abundance of planktonic specimens in foraminiferal assemblages was determined in numerous bottom samples from inner neritic to deep oceanic depths along the Atlantic margin of the northeastern United States. The results augment previous studies in other areas that have shown a general increase in percentage of planktonic specimens in total foraminiferal bottom assemblages as water depth increases. The patterns found in this area of complex shelf bathymetry and hydrography illustrate the influence on the planktonic-benthonic percentages of water depth, distance from shore, different water mass properties and downslope movement of tests in high energy areas. The patterns found in the 661 samples from the Atlantic margin were compared with results from 795 stations in the Gulf of Mexico, Pacific Ocean and Red Sea. The relative abundance of planktonic specimens and water depth correlates positively in all open oceanic areas even though taxonomic composition and diversity of the faunas from different areas is variable. The variation of planktonic percentages in bottom samples within most depth intervals is large so that a precise depth determination cannot be made for any given value. However, an approximate upper depth limit for given percentages can be estimated for open ocean environments. A decrease in planktonic percentages is seen in the lower salinity and higher turbidity coastal waters of the Gulf of Maine. Planktonic percentages intermediate between the lower values in the less saline coastal waters and the higher values in the normal open oceanic conditions occur in the transitional area between the Gulf of Maine and the open marine Atlantic Ocean to the east. Similarly lowered values in another area of restricted oceanic circulation occur in the high salinity, clear, but nutrient-poor waters of the Gulf of Aqaba off the Red Sea. A comparison of the similarity of modern planktonic percentage values to those found in earlier Tertiary assemblages was made to confirm the usefulness of this measure in the fossil record. In some stratigraphic sections in upper Paleocene and lower Eocene strata of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, water depths inferred from trends and values of planktonic percentages consistently match paleobathymetry constructed from physical stratigraphic characteristics and paleogeographic relationships. ?? 1989.

  16. Deccan volcanism at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Courtillot, V.; Vandamme, D.; Besse, J.

    1988-01-01

    The accuracy with which one can claim that Deccan trap volcanism occurred at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary (KTB) over a very short time interval is of key importance in deciding whether a volcanic origin of the KTB events should be taken seriously. In the two years since paleomagnetic, paleontological and geodynamic evidence was published, further data have become available and the case now appears to be well constrained. The Ar-40/Ar-39 results from six labs have yielded some 24 reliable plateau ages that narrow the age range to 65 to 69 Ma. Moreover, it appears that a significant part of this range results from inter-lab spread and possible minor alteration. Paleontology demonstrates that volcanism started in the Maestrichtian, more precisely in the A. mayaroensis zone. Paleomagnetism shows that volcanism spanned only 3 chrons and only one correlation remains possible, that of the main central reversed chron with 29R. Therefore, whereas Ar-40/Ar-39 is able only to restrict the duration of volcanism to some 4 Ma, paleomagnetism restricts it to 0.5 Ma. Using some geochemical indicators such as C-13 as proxy, it is suggested that volcanism actually consists of a few shorter events of unequal magnitude. Extrusion rates may be as high as 100 cu km/yr and fissure lengths as long as several 100 km. Such a scenario appears to be at least as successful as others in accounting for most anomalies observed at the KTB. Particularly important are Iridium and other platinum group elements (PGE) profiles, Sr-87/Sr-86, C-13, 0-18, other exotic geochemical signatures, spherules, soot, shocked minerals, selective and stepwise extinctions. The environmental impact of CO2 possibly released during explosive phases of volcanism, and SO2 released during effusive phases, and the ability of volcanism to ensure worldwide distribution of KTB products are now all addressed. In conclusion, the case for a causal link between internal hotspot activity, birth of the Reunion hotspot itself as the Deccan and KTB events appears to rest on an increasingly stronger basis.

  17. Genesis of clay mineral assemblages and micropaleoclimatic implications in the Tertiary Powder River Basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect

    Flores, R.M.; Weaver, J.N. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA)); Bossiroy, D.; Thorez, J. (Liege State Univ. (Belgium))

    1990-05-01

    An x-ray diffraction (XRD) study was undertaken on the clay mineralogy of the early Tertiary coal-bearing sequences of the Powder River basin. The vertical and lateral distribution of alternating fluvial conglomerates, sandstones, mudstones, shales, coals, and paleosols reveals a transition from alluvial fans along the basin margin to an alluvial plain and peat bogs basinward. Samples included unweathered shales and mudstones from a borehole and a variety of corresponding surface outcrop samples of Cambrian to Eocene age. Samples older than Tertiary were collected along the basin margin specifically to determine the potential source of parent material during Tertiary sedimentation. XRD analyses were performed on the <2-{mu}m fraction prepared as oriented aggregates. To investigate the materials in their natural state, no chemical pre-treatments the authors applied before the analysis. A series of specific post-treatments, consisting of catonic saturation (Li+, K+), a solution with polyalcohols, heating, acid attack and hydrazine saturation was selectively applied. These post-treatments permit a good discrimination between the mimetic clay minerals such as smectite and illite-smectite mixed layers that constitute the bulk of the clay fraction in the Tertiary rocks. When analyzed only using routine XRD, these swelling minerals are apparently uniformly distributed in the fluvial sedimentary rocks and are better interpreted as a single smectitic population. However, the post-treatments clearly differentiate both qualitatively and quantitatively this smectitic stock. Other clays include illite and kaolinite, which have different degrees of crystallinity, and minor interstratified clays (i.e., illite-chlorite, chlorite-smectite). The clay minerals in pre-Tertiary (and pedogenic) materials are different from those in the Tertiary rocks.

  18. A Study of the Association of Attitudes to the Philosophy of Science with Classroom Contexts, Academic Qualification and Professional Training, amongst A-Level Biology Teachers in Harare, Zimbabwe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gwimbi, Eric; Monk, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Investigates the association between attitude towards the philosophy of science and academic qualification professional training. Analyzes responses from 33 A-level biology teachers to a questionnaire and reports from teachers in Harare on their school contexts. Suggests that the differential distribution of facilities and resources across school…

  19. Seres Vivos. Nivel I. Basado en el curso de estudios de Ciencia de Montgomery County Public Schools. (Living Beings. Level 1. Based on the Montgomery County Public Schools Science Studies Program).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senger, Graciela

    This curriculum unit, developed by the Montgomery County Public Schools, Maryland, was designed for use in the elementary level foreign language immersion program. It is geared toward the first grade science classroom. The unit includes instructional and performance objectives, necessary vocabulary lists, optional language structure sections,…

  20. T- and R-state Tertiary Relaxations in Sol-gel Encapsulated Haemoglobin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uri Samuni; Camille J. Roche; David Dantsker; Joel M. Friedman

    Tertiary relaxations within the T and R quaternary states of human adult haemoglobin (HbA) are compared for sol-gel encapsulated\\u000a samples bathed in buffer with either 25% or 75% (v\\/v) glycerol. T-state tertiary relaxations are initiated by adding CO to\\u000a an encapsulated T-state deoxyHbA sample, thus generating liganded T-state species. The conformational evolution of the liganded\\u000a T-state samples is followed by

  1. Clay mineralogy of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary clay. [in search for asteroid ejecta

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rampino, M. R.; Reynolds, R. C.

    1983-01-01

    Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary layer clay samples from four localities were subjected to analyses which imply that they are neither mineralogically exotic nor distinct from locally derived clays above and below the boundary. The anomalous iridium-rich ejecta component predicted by the asteroid impact scenario of Alvarez et al (1980) was not detected. It is proposed that volcanic material be considered as an explanation of the geochemical anomalies of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. A model which involves a period of intense volcanism at the end of the Cretaceous would generate a variety of climatic and biological effects consonant with the geologic history of that period.

  2. Calcareous nannofossils from the uppermost Cretaceous and the lowermost Tertiary of central Texas 

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Ming-Jung

    1980-01-01

    . The extinction of all Cretaceous spec1es is abrupt and simultaneous. Subsequent Tertiary assemblages consist of a rapid but orderly succes- sfo fdf te fo sad pp t I tl peels. ~fh o ha ~im fo t pt Tho ace ph po. , adTh ph op I t probably cysts of d1... (1958). At that time the Danian was still considered as uppermost Cretaceous. However, on the basis of the calcareous nannofossils, Bramlette correlated the Danian with the Tertiary Midway Group of the southern United States. He then compared...

  3. Antispasmodic activity of the tertiary base of Daucus carota, Linn. seeds.

    PubMed

    Gambhir, S S; Sen, S P; Sanyal, A K; Das, P K

    1979-01-01

    A nitrogen containing base responding to Mayer's test and Dragendorff's reagent for tertiary bases has been isolated from the seeds of Daucus carota Linn. The effects of the base as its bromide have been studied on smooth muscles of ileum, uterus, blood vessels and trachea of different species of animals. The tertiary base has been found to have papaverine like nonspecific smooth muscle relaxant and spasmolytic activity, but its activity was found to be about one-tenth of that of papaverine. PMID:521127

  4. ProRegIn: a regularity index for the selection of native-like tertiary structures of proteins.

    PubMed

    Thukral, Lipi; Shenoy, Sandhya R; Bhushan, Kumkum; Jayaram, B

    2007-01-01

    Automated protein tertiary structure prediction from sequence information alone remains an elusive goal to computational prescriptions. Dividing the problem into three stages viz. secondary structure prediction, generation of plausible main chain loop dihedrals and side chain dihedral optimization, considerable progress has been achieved in our laboratory (http://www.scfbio-iitd.res.in/bhageerath/index.jsp) and elsewhere for proteins with less than 100 amino acids. As a part of our on-going efforts in this direction and to facilitate tertiary structure selection/rejection in containing the combinatorial explosion of trial structures for a specified amino acid sequence, we describe here a web-enabled tool ProRegIn (Protein Regularity Index) developed based on the regularity in the Phi, Psi dihedral angles of the amino acids that constitute loop regions. We have analysed the dihedrals in loop regions in a non-redundant dataset of 7351 proteins drawn from the Protein Data Bank and categorized them as helix-like or sheet-like (regular) or irregular. We noticed that the regularity thus defined exceeds 86% for Phi barring glycine and 70% for Psi for all the amino acid side chains including glycine, compelling us to reexamine the conventional view that loops are irregular regions structurally. The regularity index is presented here as a simple tool that finds its application in protein structure analysis as a discriminatory scoring function for rapid screening before the more compute intensive atomic level energy calculations could be undertaken. The tool is made freely accessible over the internet at www.scfbio-iitd.res.in/software/proregin.jsp. PMID:17426381

  5. Adventitial Tertiary Lymphoid Organs as Potential Source of MicroRNA Biomarkers for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Spear, Rafaelle; Boytard, Ludovic; Blervaque, Renaud; Chwastyniak, Maggy; Hot, David; Vanhoutte, Jonathan; Staels, Bart; Lemoine, Yves; Lamblin, Nicolas; Pruvot, François-René; Haulon, Stephan; Amouyel, Philippe; Pinet, Florence

    2015-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an inflammatory disease associated with marked changes in the cellular composition of the aortic wall. This study aims to identify microRNA (miRNA) expression in aneurysmal inflammatory cells isolated by laser microdissection from human tissue samples. The distribution of inflammatory cells (neutrophils, B and T lymphocytes, mast cells) was evaluated in human AAA biopsies. We observed in half of the samples that adventitial tertiary lymphoid organs (ATLOs) with a thickness from 0.5 to 2 mm were located exclusively in the adventitia. Out of the 850 miRNA that were screened by microarray in isolated ATLOs (n = 2), 164 miRNAs were detected in ATLOs. The three miRNAs (miR-15a-3p, miR-30a-5p and miR-489-3p) with the highest expression levels were chosen and their expression quantified by RT-PCR in isolated ATLOs (n = 4), M1 (n = 2) and M2 macrophages (n = 2) and entire aneurysmal biopsies (n = 3). Except for the miR-30a-5p, a similar modulation was found in ATLOs and the two subtypes of macrophages. The modulated miRNAs were then evaluated in the plasma of AAA patients for their potential as AAA biomarkers. Our data emphasize the potential of miR-15a-3p and miR-30a-5p as biomarkers of AAA but also as triggers of ATLO evolution. Further investigations will be required to evaluate their targets in order to better understand AAA pathophysiology. PMID:25993295

  6. Study of patient satisfaction in a surgical unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital

    PubMed Central

    Mishra, P.H.; Gupta, Shakti

    2012-01-01

    Background The hospitals have evolved from being an isolated sanatorium to a place with five star facilities. Patients and their relatives coming to the hospital not only expect world-class treatment, but also other facilities to make their stay comfortable in the hospital. This change in expectation has come due to tremendous growth of media and its exposure, as well as commercialization and improvement in facilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of patient/relatives satisfaction at tertiary care teaching hospital and feedback from them for improvement of the same. Methods The study was conducted by 1. Review of available national and international literature on the subject. 2. Carrying out survey amongst 50 patients and their relatives at one of the surgical unit by using structured questionnaire. 3. By analyzing the data using appropriate statistical methods. Results Eighty two percent people were satisfied with the service at admission counter while 81% were satisfied with room preparation at the time of admission. The nursing services satisfied 80% of people while 92% were satisfied with explanation about disease and treatment by doctor. The behavior of nurses, doctors and orderlies satisfied 92, 92 and 83% of people. The cleanliness of toilets satisfied only 49% while diet services satisfied 78% of people. Conclusion The five major satisfiers were behavior of doctors, explanation about disease and treatment, courtesy of staff at admission counter, behavior and cooperation of nurses. The five major dissatisfiers were cleanliness of toilets, quality of food, explanation about rules and regulation, behavior of orderlies and sanitary attendant and room preparedness. PMID:25983455

  7. Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Antarctic: Climatic cooling precedes biotic crisis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stott, Lowell D.; Kennett, James P.

    1988-01-01

    Stable isotopic investigations were conducted on calcareous microfossils across two deep sea Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sequences on Maud Rise, Weddell Sea, Antarctica. The boundary is taken at the level of massive extinctions in calcareous planktonic microfossils, and coincides with a sharp lithologic change from pure calcareous ooze to calcareous ooze with a large volcanic clay component. The uppermost Maestrichtian is marked by a long-term decrease in delta value of 0 to 18 which spans most of the lower and middle A. mayaroensis Zone and represents a warming trend which culminated in surface water temperatures of about 16 C. At approximately 3 meters below the K-T boundary this warming trend terminates abruptly and benthic and planktonic isotopic records exhibit a rapid increase in delta value of 0 to 18 that continues up to the K-T boundary. The trend towards cooler surface water temperatures stops abruptly at the K-T boundary and delta value of 0 to 18 values remain relatively stable through the Paleocene. Comparison of the Antarctic sequence with the previously documented deep sea records in the South Atlantic reveal shifts of similar magnitude in the latest Maestrichtian. It is indicated that the Southern Ocean underwent the most significant, and apparently permanent, climatic change. The latest Cretaceous oxygen isotopic shift recorded at Maud Rise and other deep sea sites is similar in magnitude to large positive delta valve of 0 to 18 shifts in the middle Eocene, at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary and in the middle Miocene that marked large scale climatic transitions which ultimately lead to cryospheric development of the Antarctic. The climatic shift at the end of the Cretaceous represents one of the most significant climatic transitions recorded in the latest Phanerozoic and had a profound effect on global climate as well as oceanic circulation.

  8. Evaluation of Unpreparedness When Issuing Copies of Medical Records in Tertiary Referral Hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Myong-Mo; Seo, Sun-Won; Park, Woo-Sung; Kim, Yoon; Kim, Sung-Soo; Choi, Eun-Mi; Park, Jong; Park, Il-Soon

    2010-01-01

    Objectives As a baseline study to aid in the development of proper policy, we investigated the current condition of unpreparedness of documents required when issuing copies of medical records and related factors. Methods The study was comprised of 7,203 cases in which copies of medical records were issued from July 1st, 2007 through June 30th, 2008 to 5 tertiary referral hospitals. Data from these hospitals was collected using their established electronic databases and included study variables such as unpreparedness of the required documents as a dependent variable and putative covariates. Results The rate of unpreparedness of required documents was 14.9%. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed the following factors as being related to the high rate of unpreparedness: patient age (older patients had a higher rate), issuance channels (on admission > via out-patient clinic), type of applicant (others such as family members > for oneself > insurers), type of original medical record (utilization records on admission > other records), issuance purpose (for providing insurer > medical use), residential area of applicant (Seoul > Honam province and Jeju), and number of copied documents (more documents gave a lower rate). The rate of unpreparedness differed significantly among the hospitals; suggesting that they may have followed their own conventional protocols rather than legal procedures in some cases. Conclusions The study results showed that the level of compliance to the required legal procedure was high, but that problems occurred in assuring the safety of the medical information. A proper legislative approach is therefore required to balance the security of and access to medical information. PMID:21818431

  9. Critical care issues in solid organ injury: Review and experience in a tertiary trauma center

    PubMed Central

    Sawhney, Chhavi; Kaur, Manpreet; Gupta, Babita; Singh, P. M.; Gupta, Amit; Kumar, Subodh; Misra, M. C.

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aim: Solid organ (spleen and liver) injuries are dreaded by both surgeons and anesthesiologists because of associated high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this review is to describe our experience of critical care concerns in solid organ injury, which otherwise has been poorly addressed in the literature. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort of solid organ injury (spleen and liver) patients was done from January 2010 to December 2011 in tertiary level trauma Center. Results: Out of 624 abdominal trauma patients, a total of 212 patients (70%) were admitted in intensive care unit (ICU). Their ages ranged from 6 to 74 years (median 24 years). Nearly 89% patients in liver trauma and 84% patients in splenic trauma were male. Mechanism of injury was blunt abdominal trauma in 96% patients and the most common associated injury was chest trauma. Average injury severity score, sequential organ failure assessment, lactate on admission was 16.84, 4.34 and 3.42 mmol/L and that of dying patient were 29.70, 7.73 and 5.09 mmol/L, respectively. Overall mortality of ICU admitted solid organ injury was 15.55%. Major issues of concern in splenic injury were hemorrhagic shock, overwhelming post-splenectomy infection and post-splenectomy vaccination. Issues raised in liver injury are damage control surgery, deadly triad, thromboelastography guided transfusion protocols and hemostatic agents. Conclusions: A protocol-based and multidisciplinary approach in high dependency unit can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with solid organ injury. PMID:25538517

  10. Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills: Profile of Acceptors in a Tertiary Hospital in South-South Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Abasiattai, A. M; Utuk, M. N; Ojeh, S. O; Eyo, U E

    2011-01-01

    Background: Combined oral contraceptive pills were the first contraceptive method to provide sexual freedom of choice for women through reliable, personal and private control of fertility. They are the most widely used hormonal contraceptives and also the most popular non-surgical method of contraception. Objective: To review the profile of acceptors of combined oral contraceptive pills at the University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo. Methodology: An 8 year review of all clients that accepted combined oral contraceptive pills in the family planning clinic. Results: There were 1,146 new contraceptive acceptors during the period of study out of which 309 (27.9%) accepted the pills. Majority of the clients were between 20 and 29 years of age (54.0%), were multiparous (72.8%), Christians (99.7%) and 61.2% had tertiary level education. Two hundred and fifty-five women (82.5%) desired to use combined oral contraceptive pills to space births while 7.8% wanted to limit child bearing. There was a high discontinuation rate among the women (45.0%) and out of these 87.9% of the clients changed to other contraceptive methods. All the clients commenced their pills within seven days of menstruation and only the low dose monophasic preparations were available in the family planning unit and thus were given to the clients. Conclusion: Women who accept to initiate combined oral contraceptive pills in our center are young, well educated, multiparous women who want to space their pregnancies. However, due to the high discontinuation rate among the clients, there is need for further studies evaluating reasons for the high discontinuation rate, exploring interactions between clients and providers’ and also providers’ attitude towards combined pills in our environment. PMID:21969170

  11. Staff Perception of Relative Importance of Quality Dimensions for Patients at Tertiary Public Services in Oman

    PubMed Central

    Alrashdi, Ismail; Al Qasmi, Ahmed

    2012-01-01

    Objective This research attempted to explore the public healthcare providers understanding the quality dimensions and patient priorities in Oman. It also addresses the issue of risks confronting health professionals in management without "a customer focused" approach. Methods A descriptive study was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire distributed around two tertiary public hospitals. A total of 838 respondents from several specialties and levels of hierarchy participated in the study. The data was analyzed to compare the perception of two groups; the group of junior and frontline staff, as well as of managers and senior staff involved in management. Results The results showed that 61% of the junior and frontline staff, and 68.3% of the senior staff and managers think that cure or improvement in overall health is the single most important quality dimension in healthcare. Both groups perceive that technical dimensions have greater importance (to patients) over interpersonal aspects such as communication with the exception of dignity and respect. There was no significant difference between the perception of the managers and senior staff vis-à-vis the perception of junior and frontline staff on the importance of technical dimensions and the interpersonal aspects of service quality. Despite the proven contribution of empathy to patient satisfaction, it was ranked by both groups as the least important among the dimensions examined. Conclusion The findings of this research are therefore informative of the need to implement strategies that deal effectively with such attitudes and create the platform and programs that reinforce the culture of good quality service amongst healthcare providers, managers in particular, and to improve patient satisfaction. PMID:23074550

  12. Predictors of obesity among post graduate trainee doctors working in a tertiary care hospital of public sector in Karachi, Pakistan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sajid Mahmood; Muhammad Kazim Rahim Najjad; Nasir Ali; Naeem Yousuf; Yasir Hamid

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To identify the predictors of obesity among post graduate trainee doctors working in a tertiary care hospital of public sector at Karachi, Pakistan.METHODS: A cross sectional analytical study was conducted at one of the tertiary care hospitals of public sector in Karachi. Information was collected from 117 post graduate trainee doctors via pre-tested self administered questionnaire and standard tools

  13. Early Tertiary Eurekan palaeostresses in the Eastern Sverdrup Basin (Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg Island, Canadian Arctic Islands)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Lepvrier; J. T. van Berkel; W. M. Schwerdtner

    1996-01-01

    Two successive and independent stress regimes related to the Late Cretaceous to Early Tertiary Eurekan Orogeny have been identified in Upper Palaeozoic and Lower Tertiary strata of the Eastern Sverdrup Basin in the northeast Canadian Arctic (Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg Island), using small-scale tectonic structures. The oldest, minor event is related to a NE-ENE orientation of the maximum stress ?1.

  14. The tertiary endodermis in barley roots: Fine structure in relation to radial transport of ions and water

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. T. Clarkson; A. W. Robards; J. Sanderson

    1971-01-01

    The presence of numerous pits containing plasmodesmata in the inner tangential wall of the tertiary endodermis in barley roots is demonstrated by electron microscopy. The pit floor is covered by a thin layer of material which is continuous with and resembles the tertiary wall. The plasmodesmatal pore is constricted at its ends so that the plasmalemma lining the pore is

  15. Silver-catalyzed amidation of benzoylformic acids with tertiary amines via selective carbon-nitrogen bond cleavage.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiaobin; Yang, Wenchao; Wang, Lei

    2013-06-14

    A novel approach towards the synthesis of ?-ketoamides using tertiary amines as nitrogen group sources via C-N bond cleavage has been developed. In the presence of Ag2CO3 and K2S2O8, ?-keto acids reacted with tertiary amines to afford the corresponding ?-ketoamides in good yields. PMID:23598925

  16. Exploding the Myth: Enhancing the Expression of Faith and Spirituality through the Study of Dance Composition in Christian Tertiary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Lucinda

    2011-01-01

    For dance educators engaged in teaching choreography in Christian tertiary institutes, encouraging students to develop foundational compositional skills whilst exploring personal expression of the Christian faith is undoubtedly a challenging objective. In 2005, a Christian tertiary education provider in South Australia enrolled six female dance…

  17. Improving Tertiary Student Outcomes in the First Year of Study: What Your Students May Not Tell You

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewart, Bonnie; Rowan, Linda

    2008-01-01

    There has been increased interest in retention and completion with regard to tertiary student outcomes in relation to students' successful completion of their study and what influences this. In New Zealand, the government through the Tertiary Education Commission (TEC) has made it clear that it expects institutions to meet retention and completion…

  18. Randomized Controlled Trial of the Prevent-Teach-Reinforce (PTR) Tertiary Intervention for Students with Problem Behaviors: Preliminary Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iovannone, Rose; Greenbaum, Paul E.; Wang, Wei; Kincaid, Don; Dunlap, Glen; Strain, Phil

    2009-01-01

    Although there is literature supporting the effectiveness of tertiary behavioral supports, the majority of the studies have been conducted with single-subject designs. The Prevent-Teach-Reinforce (PTR) model is a standardized model of a school-based tertiary intervention. This study reports initial results from a randomized controlled trial to…

  19. Involvement of a Tertiary Foreland Basin in the Eurekan Foldbelt Deformation, NW Coast of Kane Basin, Ellesmere Island, Canada

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karsten Piepjohn; Franz Tessensohn; Chris Harrison; Ulrich Mayr

    Summary: Along the NW eoast of Kane Basin (Ellesmere Island), a flatlying eonglomerate sueeession of a Tertiary foreland basin is overthrust by thiek Early Paleozoie sediments during the Tertial')' Eurekan deformation. In the sourhern study area between Franklin Pierce Bay and Dobbin Bay, Cambrian to Silurian sediments are thrust over the Tertiary basin along the Parrish Glaeier anel Cape Hawks

  20. An Evaluation of the Knowledge and Utilization of the Partogragh in Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Care Settings in Calabar, South-South Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    Okokon, Ita B.; Oku, Afiong O.; Agan, Thomas U.; Asibong, Udeme E.; Essien, Ekere J.; Monjok, Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    The challenge to maternal well-being with associated maternal wastages especially in labor has remained unsurmountable across the three tiers of health care delivery in Nigeria. This study aimed to determine and compare the factors that influence utilization of the partograph in primary, secondary, and tertiary health care delivery levels in Calabar, Nigeria. This was a descriptive study, using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire on 290 consenting nonphysician obstetric care workers, purposively recruited. The mean age of the respondents was 40.25 ± 8.68 with a preponderance of females (92.4%). Knowledge of the partograph and previous partograph training had statistically significant relationship with its utilization among respondents from the tertiary and general hospitals. The level of knowledge was higher among workers in the general hospital than those working in the university teaching hospital. Nurses/midwives in the three levels of care were significantly more knowledgeable in partograph use than other nonphysician obstetric care workers. Lack of detailed knowledge of the partograph, its nonavailability and poor staff strength in the study centers were factors militating against its ease of utilization. The authors recommend periodic in-service training and provision of partograph in labor rooms in all maternity wards in our environment. PMID:25298892