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1

Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy and Dermopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graves’ ophthalmopathy [thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO)] and dermopathy [thyroid-associated dermopathy (TAD)] are\\u000a extrathyroidal manifestations of Graves’ disease, which should be viewed as a multisystem autoimmune disease involving thyrocytes\\u000a but also orbital and pretibial fibroblasts. Smoking is a risk factor for TAO, and cessation of smoking is useful in the primary,\\u000a secondary and tertiary prevention of TAO. The immunopathogenesis of TAO and

Wilmar M. Wiersinga

2

A musculoskeletal model of low grade connective tissue inflammation in patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO): the WOMED concept of lateral tension and its general implications in disease  

PubMed Central

Background Low level connective tissue inflammation has been proposed to play a role in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The aim of this study was to investigate this postulate by a musculoskeletal approach together with biochemical parameters. Methods 13 patients with TAO and 16 controls were examined. Erythrocyte levels of Zn, Cu, Ca2+, Mg, and Fe were determined. The musculoskeletal evaluation included observational data on body posture with emphasis on the orbit-head region. The angular foot position in the frontal plane was quantified following gait observation. The axial orientation of the legs and feet was evaluated in an unloaded supine position. Functional propioceptive tests based on stretch stimuli were done by using foot inversion and foot rotation. Results Alterations in the control group included neck tilt in 3 cases, asymmetrical foot angle during gait in 2, and a reaction to foot inversion in 5 cases. TAO patients presented facial asymmetry with displaced eye fissure inclination (mean 9.1°) as well as tilted head-on-neck position (mean 5.7°). A further asymmetry feature was external rotation of the legs and feet (mean 27°). Both foot inversion as well as foot rotation induced a condition of neuromuscular deficit. This condition could be regulated by gentle acupressure either on the lateral abdomen or the lateral ankle at the acupuncture points gall bladder 26 or bladder 62, respectively. In 5 patients, foot rotation produced a phenomenon of moving toes in the contra lateral foot. In addition foot rotation was accompanied by an audible tendon snapping. Lower erythrocyte Zn levels and altered correlations between Ca2+, Mg, and Fe were found in TAO. Conclusion This whole body observational study has revealed axial deviations and body asymmetry as well as the phenomenon of moving toes in TAO. The most common finding was an arch-like displacement of the body, i.e. eccentric position, with foot inversion and head tilt to the contra lateral side and tendon snapping. We propose that eccentric muscle action over time can be the basis for a low grade inflammatory condition. The general implications of this model and its relations to Zn and Se will be discussed. PMID:17319961

Moncayo, Roy; Moncayo, Helga

2007-01-01

3

Selenium supplementation in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy: an update  

PubMed Central

The therapeutic effect of selenium (Se) has already been proven in thyroid disease and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). In spite of clear scientific proof of its benefits in TAO, there appears to be no clear agreement among the clinicians regarding its optimum dose, duration of the treatment, efficacy and safety to date. In this review, the author summarises the findings of 135 English language articles published on this subject over the past four decades from 1973 to 2013. The regulation and metabolism of thyroid hormones require a steady supply of Se and recent studies have revealed several possible mechanisms by which Se improves the severity of thyroid disease and TAO. These mechanisms include 1) inhibitory effect of HLA-DR molecule expression on thyrocytes; 2) profound reductions of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibodies (TSHR-Ab) and TPO antibodies (TPO-Ab); 3) prevention of dysregulation of cell-mediated immunity and B cell function; 4) neutralising reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibition of redox control processes required for the activation, differentiation and action of lymphocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, natural killer cells involved in both acute and chronic orbital inflammation in TAO; 5) inhibition of expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and 6) inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis. An increased oxidative stress has been observed in both acute and chronic phases of thyroid disease with raised tissue concentrations of ROS. The benefits of Se supplementation in individuals with TAO appear to be proportionate to the degree of systemic activity of the thyroid disease. The maximal benefit of Se supplementation is therefore seen in the subjects who are hyperthyroid. Restoration of euthyroidism is one of the main goals in the management of TAO and when anti-thyroid drugs are combined with Se, the patients with Graves' disease (GD) and autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) achieved euthyroidism faster than those treated with anti-thyroid drugs alone. Se status of normal adult humans can vary widely and Se supplementation may confer benefit only if serum Se levels are insufficient. The author recommends that serum Se levels of patients with TAO to be assessed prior to and during Se supplementation at regular intervals to avoid potential iatrogenic chronic Se overdose. PMID:24790886

Dharmasena, Aruna

2014-01-01

4

Are Ethnicity, Social Grade, and Social Deprivation Associated With Severity of Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy?  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Previous studies have extensively investigated the pathophysiology, genetics, and lifestyle risk factors of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The aim of this study was to investigate the independent contribution of ethnic origin, social grade, and level of social deprivation to TAO severity in a large, multiethnic, and urban population. Methods: Retrospective case note review of all TAO patients seen at Birmingham and Midland Eye Centre, United Kingdom over a 14-year period. Ethnicity (White, Asian, or Black) was recorded, and residence postcode was used to determine social grade (National Readership Survey classification) and level of social deprivation (Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007). TAO severity was defined by European Group on Graves’ Orbitopathy criteria. Moderate-to-severe: necessity for TAO treatment with oral or intravenous steroid, long-term immunosuppressants, or orbital radiotherapy. Sight-threatening: presence of dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) or need for urgent orbital decompression surgery. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to measure the independent influence of ethnicity, social grade, and social deprivation on indicators of severe TAO. Results: Lower social grade was significantly associated with increased odds ratio (OR) of TAO patients having severe TAO, including treatment with oral (OR: 2.3 (95% CI 1.1–5.1) p = 0.03) and intravenous steroid (OR: 2.6 (95% CI 1.0–7.0) p = 0.04) and DON (OR: 4.0 (95% CI 1.2–12.7) p = 0.02), compared with those of highest social grade. Similar results were observed for social deprivation. Ethnicity had no independent association with any measure of TAO severity. Conclusions: In this cohort, lower social grade and higher social deprivation, but not ethnicity, had independent, statistically significant association with more severe TAO. PMID:24608325

Huntbach, Julie A.; Durrani, Omar M.

2014-01-01

5

Current Concepts in the Molecular Pathogenesis of Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Graves' disease (GD) is a common autoimmune condition. At its core, stimulatory autoantibodies are directed at the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), resulting in dysregulated thyroid gland activity and growth. Closely associated with GD is the ocular condition known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The pathogenesis of TAO remains enigmatic as do the connections between the thyroid and orbit. This review highlights the putative molecular mechanisms involved in TAO and suggests how these insights provide future directions for identifying therapeutic targets. Genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors have been suggested as contributory to the development of GD and TAO. Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) are expressed at higher levels in the orbital connective tissue from individuals with TAO than in healthy tissues. Together, they form a functional complex and appear to promote signaling relevant to GD and TAO. Orbital fibroblasts display an array of cell surface receptors and generate a host of inflammatory molecules that may participate in T and B cell infiltration. Recently, a population of orbital fibroblasts has been putatively traced to bone marrow–derived progenitor cells, known as fibrocytes, as they express CD45, CD34, CXCR4, collagen I, functional TSHR, and thyroglobulin (Tg). Fibrocytes become more numerous in GD and we believe traffic to the orbit in TAO. Numerous attempts at developing complete animal models of GD have been largely unsuccessful, because they lack fidelity with the ocular manifestations seen in TAO. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of TAO and development of improved animal models should greatly accelerate the identification of medical therapy for this vexing medical problem. PMID:24651704

Wang, Yao; Smith, Terry J.

2014-01-01

6

Contrast Sensitivity of Thyroid Associated Ophthalmopathy Patients without Obvious Optic Neuropathy  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To compare the contrast sensitivity levels of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) patients without obvious optic neuropathy with those of healthy people. Methods. Forty eyes of 20 TAO patients without dysthyroid optic neuropathy and 40 eyes of 20 healthy subjects were evaluated in this prospective case-controlled study. The contrast sensitivity functions (CSFs) of all subjects were measured by the functional acuity contrast test (FACT) in five frequencies which were 1,5 cpd (A), 3 cpd (B), 6 cpd (C), 12 cpd (D), and 18 cpd (E). Results were compared for both groups, and a correlation of CSF with Hertel and clinical activity scores was assessed. Results. There was no statistically significant difference between TAO patients and control groups for age and sex. TAO patients had lower levels than the control group in all the frequencies of CSFs (P < 0.05) and the difference in contrast sensitivity functions between the groups seems to be more significant in higher frequencies (B, C, D, and E) (P < 0.001). Conclusions. TAO patients without DON can have contrast sensitivity loss and this would probably imply subtle optic nerve dysfunction in early disease phase. PMID:24453927

Beden, Ümit; Kaya, Sümeyra; Yeter, Volkan; Erkan, Dilek

2013-01-01

7

T cells and fibroblasts in affected extraocular muscles in early and late thyroid associated ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

AIM—To determine whether there are differences in the lymphocytic cell infiltrate present in affected extraocular muscles (EOM) during early and late stages of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO).?METHODS—17 biopsies of affected EOMs were collected from two groups of TAO patients (n=14): the first of five patients with early, active TAO, and the second of nine patients with late, inactive TAO. The control group was of EOM biopsies taken from 14 non-TAO patients undergoing squint surgery. Immunohistochemical analysis was undertaken using the relevant monoclonal antibodies and an avidin-biotin system and the three groups compared.?RESULTS—Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were found in the cellular infiltrate in early, active TAO specimens which were much less evident either in late, inactive stage disease or in control tissue. There was also a significant increase in both CD45RO+ and CD45RB+ cells and macrophages in early TAO compared with the others. Increased expression of HLA-DR antigen by interstitial cells including fibroblasts was detected in both early and late disease but the EOM fibres remained morphologically intact and did not express MHC class II antigens at any time.?CONCLUSION—These results demonstrate that T cells are only significantly present in early disease but increased HLA-DR antigen expression on fibroblasts is observed at all stages. This suggests that T cells are much more involved in the early than the later stages of the disease process and that early activation of fibroblasts occurs. Early intervention with immunosuppressive therapy to downregulate cytokine production by T cells may significantly influence the sequelae caused by EOM fibrosis.?? PMID:10781517

Pappa, A.; Lawson, J.; Calder, V.; Fells, P.; Lightman, S.

2000-01-01

8

Patient Information in Graves' Disease and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: Readability Assessment of Online Resources  

PubMed Central

Background: The Internet is a vital source of information for patients hoping to learn more about their disease. Health literacy of the general population is known to be poor, with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) recommending that patient-oriented literature be written at a fourth- to sixth-grade reading level to optimize comprehensibility. In this study we assessed the readability of online literature specifically for Graves' disease (GD) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: Readability of the content of the top 20 English-language GD patient-oriented online resources and top 30 of the equivalent TAO resources returned by Google search was analyzed. Web pages were identified using the Google search terms “Graves' disease” and “Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy,” respectively. Extraneous text (e.g., hyperlinks, affiliations, disclaimers) was removed. Relevant text proceeded to readability analysis using four validated measures: Flesch Reading Ease Score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, and Gunning-Fog Index. Readability was compared with USDHHS standards. Results: Overall, median word count (with interquartile range [IQR] and range) was 990 (IQR 846, 195–3867), with a median of 18 words per sentence (IQR 4.0, 7.5–28). Median Flesch Reading Ease Score was 46 (IQR 13, 24–64), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 11 (IQR 3.0, 7.2–17), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook 13 (IQR 2.0, 9.6–17), and Gunning-Fog Index 13 (IQR 3.0, 9.2–19), each equivalent to a reading level of >11th grade and “difficult” on the USDHHS classification. None of the web pages evaluated had readability scores in accordance with published guidelines. There was no significant difference with the country of origin of each web page, website commercial status, or with pages predominantly focused on GD or TAO. Conclusions: Readability scores for online GD and TAO patient-focused materials are inferior to those recommended. Screening of this online material, as well as subsequent revision, is crucial to increase future patient knowledge, satisfaction, and compliance. PMID:24040878

Denniston, Alastair K.; Boelaert, Kristien; Franklyn, Jayne A.; Durrani, Omar M.

2014-01-01

9

Increased Expression of TSH Receptor by Fibrocytes in Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy Leads to Chemokine Production  

PubMed Central

Context: The molecular basis for anatomically dispersed clinical manifestations in Graves' disease (GD) eludes our understanding. Bone marrow-derived, pluripotent fibrocytes represent a subset of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and infiltrate the orbital and thyroid tissues in GD. These cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Objective: The objective of the study was to quantify fibrocyte display of functional cell surface TSH receptor (TSHR), identify the profile of chemokines they express after TSHR activation, and determine whether circulating TSHR+ peripheral blood fibrocytes are more frequent in situ in patients with TAO. Design/Setting/Participants: Using a newly developed technique, fibrocytes were directly identified in peripheral blood from 31 patients with TAO and 19 healthy subjects receiving care at a multidisciplinary academic center. Main Outcome Measures: The frequency in situ of fibrocytes (collagen 1+, CD45+, CD34+, CD14+, CD86+ peripheral blood mononuclear cells) was assessed by multiparameter flow cytometry and correlated to clinical disease activity and smoking status. Levels of TSHR-displaying fibrocytes and their response to TSH and TSHR-activating antibody, M22, were measured by flow cytometry, Luminex, and real-time PCR. Results: The levels of TSHR expression by fibrocytes are substantially higher than those found in orbital fibroblasts. Moreover, the frequency of TSHR+ fibrocytes in patients with TAO was greater than that in healthy subjects in situ. Their abundance is not influenced by disease activity or smoking history. These cells produce high levels of several cytokines and chemokines including IL-8, regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 when treated with TSH or M22. TSH induces IL-8 production at the pretranslational level. This induced cytokine can be detected in intact fibrocytes ex vivo. Conclusions: Frequency of circulating TSHR+ fibrocytes is markedly increased in patients with TAO, and they express proinflammatory chemokines in response to TSH. Because they infiltrate both orbit and thyroid in GD, they may represent the link between systemic immunoreactivity and organ-specific autoimmunity. PMID:22399514

Gillespie, Erin F.; Papageorgiou, Konstantinos I.; Fernando, Roshini; Raychaudhuri, Nupur; Cockerham, Kimberly P.; Charara, Laya K.; Goncalves, Allan C. P.; Zhao, Shuang-Xia; Ginter, Anna; Lu, Ying; Smith, Terry J.

2012-01-01

10

Acetazolamide and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy; a Preliminary Tested Hypothesis in a TertiaryReferral Center  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated the effect of acetazolamide on thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Patients with a VISA classification index equal to or more than four were enrolled in the study and were randomly assigned into two groups. In both groups, treatment was initiated using prednisolone. Patients in the case group received acetazolamide tablets 250 mg daily in addition to prednisolone. Three months later, the VISA inflammatory score of patients in both groups were determined. Subsequent to intervention with acetazolamide, the VISA inflammatory score of patients in the case group were reduced as follows; orbital pain (57.1% versus 41.7%, P=0.736), eyelid edema (42.8% versus 27.1%, P=0.67), chemosis (53.3% versus 33%, P=0.31), injection of the eyelids (60% versus 41.6%, P=0.342), and conjunctival injection (50% versus 46.13%, P=0.73). However, these reductions were not statistically significant when compared with those observed in the control group (P=0.246). In conclusion, the effect of acetazolamide on all the parameters of the VISA inflammatory score was examined independently. All patients in the case group revealed a reduction in VISA inflammatory score following intervention. However, these reductions were not statistically significant. Further studies with large sample sizes are required. PMID:24822231

Khataminia, Gholamreza; Ostadian, Farshad; Noroozzadeh, Mohammad; Latifi, Mahmoud; Khataminia, Masoud

2013-01-01

11

Interleukin-6 Production in CD40-Engaged Fibrocytes in Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: Involvement of Akt and NF-?B  

PubMed Central

Purpose. CD40–CD40 ligand (CD40L) interactions appear to play pathogenic roles in autoimmune disease. Here we quantify CD40 expression on fibrocytes, circulating, and bone marrow–derived progenitor cells. The functional consequences of CD40 ligation are determined since these may promote tissue remodeling linked with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods. CD40 levels on cultivated fibrocytes and orbital fibroblasts (GOFB) from patients with Graves' disease (GD), as well as fibrocyte abundance, were determined by flow cytometry. CD40 mRNA expression was evaluated by real-time PCR, whereas response to CD40 ligation was measured by Luminex and RT-PCR. Protein kinase B (Akt) and nuclear factor (NF)–kappa B (NF-?B) signaling were determined by Western blot and immunofluorescence. Results. Basal CD40 expression on fibrocytes is greater than that on GOFB. IFN-? upregulates CD40 in both cell types and its actions are mediated at the pretranslational level. Fibrocytes produce high levels of cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), TNF-?, IL-8, MCP-1, and RANTES (Regulated on Activation, Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted) in response to CD40L. IL-6 induction results from an increase in steady state IL-6 mRNA, and is mediated through Akt and NF-?B activation. Circulating CD40+CD45+Col1+ fibrocytes are far more frequent in vivo in donors with TAO compared with healthy subjects. Conclusions. Particularly high levels of functional CD40 are displayed by fibrocytes. CD40L-provoked signaling results in the production of several cytokines. Among these, IL-6 expression is mediated through Akt and NF-?B pathways. The frequency of circulating CD40+ fibrocytes is markedly increased in patients with TAO, suggesting that this receptor might represent a therapeutic target for TAO. PMID:23092922

Gillespie, Erin F.; Raychaudhuri, Nupur; Papageorgiou, Konstantinos I.; Atkins, Stephen J.; Lu, Ying; Charara, Laya K.; Mester, Tunde; Smith, Terry J.; Douglas, Raymond S.

2012-01-01

12

Semiautomatic Regional Segmentation to Measure Orbital Fat Volumes in Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Summary This study was designed to validate a novel semi-automated segmentation method to measure regional intra-orbital fat tissue volume in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Twenty-four orbits from 12 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy, 24 orbits from 12 controls, ten orbits from five MRI study simulations and two orbits from a digital model were used. Following manual region of interest definition of the orbital volumes performed by two operators with different levels of expertise, an automated procedure calculated intra-orbital fat tissue volumes (global and regional, with automated definition of four quadrants). In patients with Graves' disease, clinical activity score and degree of exophthalmos were measured and correlated with intra-orbital fat volumes. Operator performance was evaluated and statistical analysis of the measurements was performed. Accurate intra-orbital fat volume measurements were obtained with coefficients of variation below 5%. The mean operator difference in total fat volume measurements was 0.56%. Patients had significantly higher intra-orbital fat volumes than controls (p<0.001 using Student's t test). Fat volumes and clinical score were significantly correlated (p<0.001). The semi-automated method described here can provide accurate, reproducible intra-orbital fat measurements with low inter-operator variation and good correlation with clinical data. PMID:24007725

Comerci, M.; Elefante, A.; Strianese, D.; Senese, R.; Bonavolonta, P.; Alfano, B.; Bonavolonta, G.; Brunetti, A.

2013-01-01

13

Thyrotropin Receptor and CD40 Mediate Interleukin-8 Expression in Fibrocytes: Implications for Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To better understand the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) through elucidating the role of thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) and CD40 in the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in peripheral blood fibrocytes. Fibrocytes infiltrate the orbit of patients with TAO, where they differentiate into fibroblasts. Fibrocyte precursors occur with increased frequency in the peripheral blood expressing TSHR and CD40 in TAO patients. We hypothesize that in vitro derived fibrocytes and peripheral blood fibrocyte precursors express proinflammatory chemoattractant molecules including IL-8 initiated by TSHR and CD40 signaling. Since nearly all TAO patients express activating antibodies to TSHR, this is particularly relevant for activation of peripheral blood fibrocytes. Methods: TSHR and CD40 expression on peripheral blood fibrocytes was determined by flow cytometry. IL-8 RNA was quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. IL-8 protein production was measured by Luminex and flow cytometry. Thyroid-stimulating hormone and CD40 ligand–stimulated phosphorylation of Akt in peripheral blood fibrocytes was studied by flow cytometry. Results: Both TSHR- and CD40-mediated signaling lead to IL-8 expression in mature fibrocytes. Fibrocyte precursors assayed directly from circulating peripheral blood demonstrate intracellular IL-8 expression with addition of thyroid-stimulating hormone or CD40 ligand. TSHR- and CD40-induced IL-8 production is mediated by Akt phosphorylation. Conclusions: Peripheral blood TSHR+ and CD40+ fibrocytes express IL-8 and may promote the recruitment of inflammatory cells, mitogenesis, and tissue remodeling in TAO. TSHR- and CD40-mediated IL-8 signaling is mediated by Akt. Delineating the molecular mechanisms of fibrocyte immune function may provide potential therapeutic targets for TAO.

Douglas, Raymond S.; Mester, Tünde; Ginter, Anna; Kim, Denise S.

2014-01-01

14

Thyroid-associated orbitopathy is linked to gastrointestinal autoimmunity.  

PubMed

Common autoimmune disorders tend to co-exist in the same subjects and cluster in families. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of autoimmune co-morbidity in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) with and without thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). This was a cross-sectional study conducted at an academic tertiary referral centre. Of 1310 patients with AITD [n?=?777 or 59% with Graves' disease (GD) and n?=?533, 41% with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT)] followed at a specialized joint thyroid-eye out-patient clinic, 176 (13·4%) had an adult type of the autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, 129 (9·8%) type 1 diabetes, 111 (8·5%) coeliac disease, 60 (4·6%) type A autoimmune gastritis, 57 (4·4%) vitiligo and 25 (1·9%) Addison's disease. Coeliac disease and autoimmune gastritis were associated positively with GD [odds ratio (OR)?=?2·18; P?=?0·002 and OR?=?6·52; P?TAO, 584 (95·7%) and 26 (4·3%) had GD and HT, respectively (P?TAO was most prevalent in GD patients with coeliac disease (94%, OR?=?1·87, P?TAO while type 1 diabetes, Addison's disease and alopecia areata were protective for TAO. In patients with TAO, coeliac disease is the most prevalent co-morbid autoimmune condition and rates are increased compared to GD patients without TAO. PMID:24903731

Ponto, K A; Schuppan, D; Zwiener, I; Binder, H; Mirshahi, A; Diana, T; Pitz, S; Pfeiffer, N; Kahaly, G J

2014-10-01

15

The TAOS Robotic Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation survey (TAOS) operate four small telescopes in central Taiwan to search for occultations by small (~1 km diameter) Kuiper Belt Objects. The system is fully robotic, requiring human intervention only in the event of hardware failures. However, the status of the system during observations is monitored remotely via smart-phone. A successor survey, the Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II) is currently being constructed. This next generation survey will be more than one hundred times as sensitive as the earlier survey. In this paper, we summarize the science goals of the surveys, describe the two surveys, and discuss the lessons learned in automating the TAOS observations.

Lehner, Matthew; Wen, C.-Y.; Wang, J.-H.; Marshall, S. L.; Schwamb, M. E.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Bianco, F. B.; Gimmarco, J.; Porrata, R.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Wang, S.-Y.; Yen, W.-L.; Rice, J. A.; de Pater, I.; Szentgyorgyi, A.; Geary, J.; Norton, T.; Reyes-Ruiz, M.

2011-03-01

16

Teaching in the Tao.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book shares the philosophy that what a teacher learned through the martial arts form, Aikido, allowed him to look beyond aggressive acts without responding aggressively himself, viewing the student behind the angry behavior. The teacher notes that compassion works better than any form of discipline he has ever encountered in education. Tao,…

Christie, Patrick

17

The 64-Kilodalton Eye Muscle Protein Is the Flavoprotein Subunit of Mitochondrial Succinate Dehydrogenase: The Corresponding Serum Antibodies Are Good Markers of an Immune-Mediated Damage to the Eye Muscle in Patients with Graves' Hyperthyroidism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is a progressive eye disorder associated with thyroid autoimmunity, particularly Graves' hyperthyroidism, which is generally considered to have an autoim- mune etiology. Eye muscle membrane proteins reportedly of 55 and 64 kDa are the best markers of the ophthalmopathy. The main focus of our recent studies has been to purify the pertinent proteins from porcine eye muscle

S. Kubota; K. GUNJI; B. A. C. ACKRELL; B. COCHRAN; C. STOLARSKI; S. WENGROWICZ; J. S. KENNERDELL; Y. HIROMATSU; J. WALL

1998-01-01

18

The Taos Blue Lake Ceremony.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Blue Lake Ceremony of the Taos Pueblo Indians of New Mexico. Reproduces the 1906 account of the ceremony by anthropologist Matilda Coxe Stevenson and notes modern verification and change. Discusses the importance of this annual August pilgrimage and initiation rite to the preservation of Taos culture. (SV)

Bodine, John J.

1988-01-01

19

The Tao of Rhetoric: Revelations From The Tao of Steve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars have increasingly noted that classical Taoist (Daoist) thought offers important insights on rhetoric. The present study contributes to the development of a Taoist perspective on rhetorical theory and criticism through an analysis of the film The Tao of Steve. While the film appears to be a simple story of how a good girl saves a bad boy, it is

Steven C. Combs

20

Rituximab therapy in steroid-resistant severe hypothyroid Grave's ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Association of Grave's ophthalmopathy with hyperthyroidism is well known, and it has also been reported in euthyroid or hypothyroid autoimmune thyroiditis, which rarely requires treatment. Here, we report a case of bilaterally symmetrical severe corticosteroid-resistant hypothyroid Grave's ophthalmopathy successfully treated with rituximab. PMID:23776919

Pandit, Aditi; Gundgurthi, Abhay; Kharb, Sandeep; Brar, Karninder S.; Garg, M. K.

2013-01-01

21

Radiation retinopathy after orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent reports indicate that orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy is sometimes beneficial, particularly for dysthyroid optic neuropathy, and is not associated with serious complications. We are aware, however, of four patients who were found to have radiation retinopathy after orbital irradiation for Grave's ophthalmopathy. All four patients have decreased central acuity, and three of the four are legally blind in

J. L. Kinyoun; R. E. Kalina; S. A. Brower; R. P. Mills; R. H. Johnson

1984-01-01

22

Granulomatous and lymphocytic thyroiditis associated with a follicular adenoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 44-year-old woman came to medical attention with right thyroid lobe enlargement and weight loss. Thyroid scan and ultrasound\\u000a demonstrated a nodule in the right thyroid lobe; a right hemithyroidectomy was performed. Histologic examination documented\\u000a granulomatous and lymphocytic thyroiditis associated with a follicular adenoma. No inflammation was apparent within the adenoma.\\u000a The parallels between granulomatous thyroiditis and lymphocytic thyroiditis, including

Meora Feinmesser; David Murray; Nicholas Colapinto; Sylvia L. Asa

1992-01-01

23

Lessons from the Tao for Birthing Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The metaphysics of the Tao Te Ching, as the basic structure of the universe, is used to examine birthing as creation. Lessons from the Tao regarding cultivating naturalness are drawn upon to provide suggestions for women in preparation for birthing, as well as for the nurses and midwives who attend them. Compatibility of this metaphysical view of birthing with Rogers's

Barbara Overman

1994-01-01

24

Radiation retinopathy after orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Recent reports indicate that orbital irradiation for Graves' ophthalmopathy is sometimes beneficial, particularly for dysthyroid optic neuropathy, and is not associated with serious complications. We are aware, however, of four patients who were found to have radiation retinopathy after orbital irradiation for Grave's ophthalmopathy. All four patients have decreased central acuity, and three of the four are legally blind in one or both eyes. Computer reconstruction of the dosimetry, based on computed tomography and beam profiles, shows that errors in dosage calculations and radiotherapy technique probably account for the radiation retinopathy in three of the four patients. Radiotherapy for Graves' ophthalmopathy should be administered only by competent radiotherapists who are experienced in the treatment of this disease. Similar errors in dosage calculations and treatment techniques may account for other reports of radiation retinopathy after reportedly safe dosages.

Kinyoun, J.L.; Kalina, R.E.; Brower, S.A.; Mills, R.P.; Johnson, R.H.

1984-10-01

25

Latest Results from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TAOS operates four telescopes at Lulin Observatory in Central Taiwan to search for occultations of distant stars by small Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). In this presentation, the TAOS project will be described and the latest results will be presented.

Lehner, M. J.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Wang, J.-H.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; de Pater, I.; Granados, A. P.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S. L.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2012-05-01

26

MAXIMAL MULTILINEAR OPERATORS CIPRIAN DEMETER, TERENCE TAO, AND CHRISTOPH THIELE  

E-print Network

MAXIMAL MULTILINEAR OPERATORS CIPRIAN DEMETER, TERENCE TAO, AND CHRISTOPH THIELE Abstract. We: Primary 42B25; Secondary 37A45. 1 #12; 2 CIPRIAN DEMETER, TERENCE TAO, AND CHRISTOPH THIELE or the closely

Demeter, Ciprian

27

TAOS/LS1 development final report  

SciTech Connect

The Laser Sensor No. 1 (LS1) is a system designed and built by Sandia to detect and report laser illumination of an orbiting satellite. It was launched March 1994 as part of the U.S. Air Force Phillips Laboratory, Technology for Autonomous Operational Survivability (TAOS) satellite program. The engineering details of the system are described in this report. Operation characteristics and results have been reserved for inclusion in a classified Air Force report prepared by the TAOS Program Office of Phillips Laboratory.

Phipps, G.S.; Gentry, S.M.; Falls, J.M.; Claassen, P.J.; Alder, G.J.

1997-12-01

28

Web transaction analysis and optimization (TAO)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the TAO project we develop metrics, models, and infrastructure to effectively manage the performance of Web applications. We use WebMon, a novel instrumentation tool to obtain profile data for web interactions, from end-user and system component perspectives. Our analysis techniques help determine important classes of web users and their transactions. The analysis is embedded in visualization and optimization modules,

Pankaj K. Garg; Ming Hao; Cipriano A. Santos; Hsiu-Khuern Tang; Alex Zhang

2002-01-01

29

Contrast sensitivity function in Graves' ophthalmopathy and dysthyroid optic neuropathy.  

PubMed Central

Contrast sensitivity function was measured by a computer automated method on 38 eyes with dysthyroid optic neuropathy and 34 eyes with Graves' ophthalmopathy only. The results were compared with 74 healthy control eyes. Disturbances of contrast sensitivity functions were found in both groups when compared with controls. The eyes affected with dysthyroid optic neuropathy showed pronounced loss of contrast sensitivity in the low frequency range, which facilitates differentiation between the two groups. PMID:8280684

Suttorp-Schulten, M S; Tijssen, R; Mourits, M P; Apkarian, P

1993-01-01

30

QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY  

PubMed Central

Purpose To assess the quality of life in patients with Graves ophthalmopathy by means of a prospective questionnaire with validation. Methods A questionnaire containing 105 items was sent to 325 patients seen in our university-based oculoplastic clinic. Two hundred three questionnaires were returned and were suitable for analysis. Fifty-three consecutive patients with Graves disease who presented to the clinic for examination also completed the questionnaire. The questionnaire was validated by administering it to 33 healthy subjects who had no history of Graves disease or thyroid disorder. The results were compared with those of normal subjects and with national norms for visually impaired populations. The relationship of individual questionnaire items to measures of clinical severity was subsequently assessed. Results Patients with Graves ophthalmopathy report greater impairment in both physical (44.4 versus 51.9; P < .001) and mental (43.8 versus 51.8; P < .001) health; poorer self- image (P < .001); and significantly more disturbance in their sleep, social function, and work function (P < .001) than controls. Afflicted patients also experience significantly more diplopia, blurred vision, and dry eye symptoms than controls (P < .001). Individual questionnaire items were found to correlate with clinical disease severity scores and were used to establish a Graves ophthalmopathy quality-of-life questionnaire with disease severity validation. Conclusions Patients with Graves disease are significantly impaired in their social and vocational function because of the ophthalmic manifestations of the disease. A short questionnaire that correlates with clinical measures of disease severity may be a useful measure of quality of life in this disease. PMID:17057811

Yeatts, R. Patrick

2005-01-01

31

Tao Psychotherapy: Introducing a New Approach to Humanistic Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces a relatively new and unknown approach to humanistic psychotherapy, called Tao Psychotherapy that was founded by a Korean psychiatrist, Dr. Rhee Dongshick, in 1974. Today, Tao psychotherapy is a synthesis of Eastern and Western psychotherapies seeking to integrate psychoanalytic, existential, humanistic, and transpersonal, and Eastern perspectives in a single coherent approach. The article opens with a brief

Erik Craig

2007-01-01

32

Glucocorticoid-Induced Disappearance of Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator in the Ophthalmopathy of Graves' Disease.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effect of glucocorticoid therapy on serum longacting thyroid stimulator (LATS) was studied in 3 subjects. In a patient with severe ophthalmopathy and pretibial myxedema, prednisone treatment induced a clinical remission and disappearance of an initial...

N. J. Snyder, D. E. Green, D. H. Solomon

1964-01-01

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Use of corticosteroids to prevent progression of Graves' ophthalmopathy after radioiodine therapy for hyperthyroidism  

SciTech Connect

We studied the effects of radioiodine treatment of hyperthyroidism due to Graves' disease on Graves' ophthalmopathy and the possible protective role of corticosteroids. Between June 1985 and June 1988, 26 patients were randomly assigned to treatment with radioiodine alone (group 1) and 26 to treatment with this agent and concomitant administration of systemic prednisone for four months (group 2). The initial dose of prednisone was 0.4 to 0.5 mg per kilogram of body weight for one month; the drug was gradually withdrawn over the next three months. All patients were evaluated at 3-month intervals for 18 months after they underwent radioiodine therapy. Ocular changes were assessed with the ophthalmopathy index; patients with moderate-to-severe changes (scores greater than or equal to 4) were excluded from the study. Before treatment, 10 patients in group 1 and 5 in group 2 had no evidence of ophthalmopathy: in none of them did ocular symptoms appear after radioiodine therapy. Among the patients in group 1 with an initial ophthalmopathy index greater than or equal to 1, ocular disease worsened in 56 percent (mostly involving soft-tissue changes and extraocular-muscle function) and did not change in 44 percent. In contrast, ophthalmopathy improved in 52 percent and did not change in 48 percent of group 2. The mean ophthalmopathy index increased from 1.5 to 3.0 in group 1 (P less than 0.005) and decreased from 2.2 to 1.3 in group 2 (P less than 0.05). We conclude that systemic corticosteroid treatment prevents the exacerbations of Graves' ophthalmopathy that occur after radioiodine therapy in a substantial proportion of patients with hyperthyroidism who have some degree of ocular involvement before treatment.

Bartalena, L.; Marcocci, C.; Bogazzi, F.; Panicucci, M.; Lepri, A.; Pinchera, A. (Univ. of Pisa (Italy))

1989-11-16

34

TRUTH AND ACTION OSMOSIS (THE TAO COMPUTATION MODEL)  

E-print Network

TRUTH AND ACTION OSMOSIS (THE TAO COMPUTATION MODEL) ANT â?? ONIO PORTO, VASCO T. VASCONCELOS by the database. Commands always execute and as an e#ect may change the database. We thus have the osmosis

Vasconcelos, Vasco Thudichum

35

TAOS: An Occultation Survey of the Outer Solar System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation survey (TAOS) operate four small telescopes in central Taiwan to search for occultations by small (?1 km diameter) Kuiper Belt Objects. The system is fully robotic, requiring human intervention only in the event of hardware failures. However, the status of the system during observations is monitored remotely via smart-phone. A successor survey, the Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II)1 is currently being constructed. This next generation survey will be more than one hundred times as sensitive as the earlier survey. In my talk I will present the results of TAOS I, discuss the future plans of the survey, and provide a detailed description of the TAOS II project.

Lehner, M. J.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; de Pater, I.; Geary, J. C.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Marshall, S. L.; Norton, T.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Ruiz Reyes, M.; Schwamb, M. E.; Szentgyorgyi, A.; Wang, J.-H.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-W.

2011-10-01

36

Trajectory analysis and optimization system (TAOS) user`s manual  

SciTech Connect

The Trajectory Analysis and Optimization System (TAOS) is software that simulates point--mass trajectories for multiple vehicles. It expands upon the capabilities of the Trajectory Simulation and Analysis program (TAP) developed previously at Sandia National Laboratories. TAOS is designed to be a comprehensive analysis tool capable of analyzing nearly any type of three degree-of-freedom, point-mass trajectory. Trajectories are broken into segments, and within each segment, guidance rules provided by the user control how the trajectory is computed. Parametric optimization provides a powerful method for satisfying mission-planning constraints. Althrough TAOS is not interactive, its input and output files have been designed for ease of use. When compared to TAP, the capability to analyze trajectories for more than one vehicle is the primary enhancement, although numerous other small improvements have been made. This report documents the methods used in TAOS as well as the input and output file formats.

Salguero, D.E.

1995-12-01

37

Manifold Dual Contouring Scott Schaefer, Tao Ju, Joe Warren  

E-print Network

1 Manifold Dual Contouring Scott Schaefer, Tao Ju, Joe Warren Abstract-- Dual Contouring, and the neighborhood of a vertex Texas A&M University, College Station, TX Washington University, St. Louis, MO Rice

Schaefer, Scott

38

Meta-analysis of methylprednisolone pulse therapy for Graves' ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of methylprednisolone pulse therapy for Graves' ophthalmopathy. Eight studies involving 376 patients were included. A higher effective rate was found for patients treated with intravenous glucocorticoids (IVGC) over oral glucocorticoids (OGC) (risk ratio [RR]?=?1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]?=?1.18-1.86). The combined IVGC and orbital radiotherapy (OR) was markedly more effective than OGC+OR (RR?=?1.40; 95% CI?=?1.11-1.77). IVGC resulted in an obvious reduction of clinical activity score (CAS) compared with OGC, with a weighted mean difference (WMD) of 0.86 (95% CI?=?0.53-1.18). The WMD for the reduction of the CAS between IVGC+OR and OGC+OR was 0.66 (95% CI?=?0.30-1.02). IVGC is an effective treatment and cause fewer adverse events. Limiting the total cumulative dose of methylprednisolone, careful patient selection and monitoring the condition of patients during treatment are necessary. PMID:24617953

Gao, Guohong; Dai, Jinhui; Qian, Yifeng; Ma, Fei

2014-11-01

39

Surgical Gesture Segmentation and Recognition Lingling Tao, Luca Zappella, Gregory D. Hager and Rene Vidal  

E-print Network

Surgical Gesture Segmentation and Recognition Lingling Tao, Luca Zappella, Gregory D. Hager and Ren,7,8,9,10,11,12] use different models for the observations associated with #12;2 Lingling Tao, Luca Zappella, Gregory D

Vidal, René

40

THE THIRD HOMOLOGY OF THE SPECIAL LINEAR GROUP OF A KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO  

E-print Network

THE THIRD HOMOLOGY OF THE SPECIAL LINEAR GROUP OF A FIELD KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO Abstract. We­theory, Special Linear Group, Group Homology . 1 #12; 2 KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO Of course, since SL 1 (F

41

THE THIRD HOMOLOGY OF THE SPECIAL LINEAR GROUP OF A KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO  

E-print Network

THE THIRD HOMOLOGY OF THE SPECIAL LINEAR GROUP OF A FIELD KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO Abstract. We-theory, Special Linear Group, Group Homology . 1 #12;2 KEVIN HUTCHINSON, LIQUN TAO Of course, since SL1(F) = {1

42

The TAOS Project: High-Speed Crowded Field Aperture Photometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have devised an aperture photometry pipeline for data reduction of image data from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS). The photometry pipeline has high computational performance, and is capable of real-time photometric reduction of images containing up to 1000 stars, within the sampling rate of 5 Hz. The pipeline is optimized for both speed and signal-to-noise performance, and in the latter category it performs nearly as well as DAOPHOT. This paper provides a detailed description of the TAOS aperture photometry pipeline.

Zhang, Z.-W.; Kim, D.-W.; Wang, J.-H.; Lehner, M. J.; Chen, W. P.; Byun, Y.-I.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; de Pater, I.; Giammarco, J.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Marshall, S. L.; Porrata, R.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2009-12-01

43

Automated differential photometry of TAOS data: preliminary analysis  

E-print Network

A preliminary data analysis of the stellar light curves obtained by the robotic telescopes of the TAOS project is presented. We selected a data run relative to one of the stellar fields observed by three of the four TAOS telescopes, and we investigate the common trend and the correlation between the light curves. We propose two ways to remove these trends and show the preliminary results. A project aimed at flagging interesting behaviors, such as stellar variability, and to set up an automated follow-up with the San Pedro M\\'artir Facilities is on the way.

Ricci, D; Ayala, C; Ramón-Fox, F G; Michel, R; Navarro, S; Wang, S -Y; Zhang, Z -W; Lehner, M J; Nicastro, L; Reyes-Ruiz, M

2014-01-01

44

Prognostic factors in the radiotherapy of Graves' ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Between April 1968 and February 1988, 311 patients with symptomatic and progressive Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with megavoltage orbital radiotherapy. The patients were divided into three groups: I treated with 20 Gy/2 weeks; II treated with 30 Gy/3 weeks, and III received 20 Gy/2 weeks. The degree of eye involvement was evaluated numerically before and after therapy for each of five parameters: soft tissue signs, proptosis, eye muscle impairment, corneal involvement, and sight loss. Pre-treatment and current thyroid diagnosis and status were also noted. To evaluate the effects of radiotherapy alone, follow-up was terminated at the time any eye surgery was done; for those not treated surgically the minimum follow-up was 12 months. Because there were significant demographic differences between the patient groups, the results of each group were analyzed separately. A stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to determine if there were any significant variables affecting outcome. Based on these data formulae were derived which enable outcome to be predicted in any patient. Before therapy more than 90% of patients in all groups had soft tissue and eye muscle involvement, whereas 65-75% had proptosis and about half 50% had some degree of sight loss. Radiotherapy arrested progression of ophthalmic parameters in all but 1-6% of the patients. Objective and symptomatic improvement was noted for all parameters assessed, but there was marked individual variability. The best responses were noted for soft tissue, corneal involvement, and sight loss; however over half the patients had some improvement in eye muscle function and proptosis. Factors which resulted in less favorable outcome included male gender, advanced age, need for concurrent therapy for hyperthyroidism, and no history of hyperthyroidism. No complications have been observed.

Petersen, I.A.; Kriss, J.P.; McDougall, I.R.; Donaldson, S.S. (Stanford Univ. School of Medicine, CA (USA))

1990-08-01

45

Discrimination of airborne material particles from light scattering (TAOS) patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two-dimensional angle-resolved optical scattering (TAOS) is an experimental method which collects the intensity pattern of monochromatic light scattered by a single, micron-sized airborne particle. In general, the interpretation of these patterns and the retrieval of the particle refractive index, shape or size alone, are difficult problems. The solution proposed herewith relies on a learning machine (LM): rather than identifying airborne particles from their scattering patterns, TAOS patterns themselves are classified. The LM consists of two interacting modules: a feature extraction module and a linear classifier. Feature extraction relies on spectrum enhancement, which includes the discrete cosine Fourier transform and non-linear operations. Linear classification relies on multivariate statistical analysis. Interaction enables supervised training of the LM. The application described in this article aims at discriminating the TAOS patterns of single bacterial spores (Bacillus subtilis) from patterns of atmospheric aerosol and diesel soot particles. The latter are known to interfere with the detection of bacterial spores. Classification has been applied to a data set with more than 3000 TAOS patterns from various materials. Some classification experiments are described, where the size of training sets has been varied as well as many other parameters which control the classifier. By assuming all training and recognition patterns to come from the respective reference materials only, the most satisfactory classification result corresponds to ? 20% false negatives from Bacillus subtilis particles and <= 11% false positives from environmental and diesel particles.

Crosta, Giovanni F.; Pan, Yong-Le; Videen, Gorden; Aptowicz, Kevin B.; Chang, Richard K.

2013-05-01

46

COMPRESSIVE IMAGE FUSION Tao Wan Nishan Canagarajah Alin Achim  

E-print Network

COMPRESSIVE IMAGE FUSION Tao Wan Nishan Canagarajah Alin Achim Department of Electrical their performance on CS reconstruction. We then propose a new image fusion algorithm in the compressive domain different sampling patterns and their potential use in image fusion. The study demonstrates that CS

47

Music Data Mining: An Introduction Tao Li and Lei Li  

E-print Network

Music Data Mining: An Introduction Tao Li and Lei Li October 17, 2010 #12;2 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Music Data Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 An Introduction and Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.3 Music Data Mining

Li, Tao

48

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-print Network

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4 to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth parking rates and other incentives on the uptake of electrical cars. The goal of this case study

Aickelin, Uwe

49

TRUST DOCUMENT DISTRIBUTION IN MANETS Tao Jiang John S. Baras  

E-print Network

TRUST DOCUMENT DISTRIBUTION IN MANETS Tao Jiang John S. Baras Institute for Systems Research,baras} isr.umd.edu ABSTRACT Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) are used in battle- fields where no network transmissions in MANETs. Because of the mobility and dynamics of MANETs, the validity and value of trust

Baras, John S.

50

The TAO algorithm for virtual network management Andy Collins  

E-print Network

that encrypt tra#c before allowing it to traverse the network (a so­called virtual private network, which, the major commercial application of virtual network technology has been the creation of virtual privateThe TAO algorithm for virtual network management Andy Collins acollins@cs.washington.edu Ratul

51

Detection of Flare Stars in TAOS 2-year Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyzed 2 years of data from the Taiwan-American Occultation Survey (TAOS, Lehner et al. 2009), accumulated during 2005 and 2006, and found 3 flare stars. All of them are known x-ray sources. Among the detected flare stars, 1RXS J044712.8+203809 shows three recurrences of flare events within a month.

Kim, D.-W.; Protopapas, P.; Alcock, C.; Byun, Y.-I.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Wang, J.-H.; King, S.-K.; Wen, C. Y.; Lehner, M. J.; Bianco, F. B.; Coehlo, N. K.; Mondal, S.; Axelrod, T.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; de Pater, I.; Porrata, R.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S. L.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S. Y.

2009-04-01

52

Management of Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy: Results of a Survey among Members of the European Thyroid Association  

PubMed Central

Background An optimal management of maternal hyperthyroidism is important for positive pregnancy outcome, and to this end, the Endocrine Society published their guidelines in 2007. This survey aimed to investigate to what extent the clinical practice relating to the management of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy in Europe is uniform and consistent with the guidelines. Materials and Methods: We e-mailed an online questionnaire survey based on clinical case scenarios to 605 members of the European Thyroid Association. We analysed 190 responses from 28 European countries. Results For a woman with newly diagnosed Graves' disease (GD) and wishing pregnancy, 78% of the responders would initiate antithyroid drugs (ATDs), while 22% would recommend definitive treatment with radioiodine or surgery. In case of a relapsed GD before pregnancy, 80% preferred definitive treatment. For a woman with newly diagnosed GD during pregnancy, 53% would treat with propylthiouracil, 12% with methimazole, and 34% with propylthiouracil initially and switch to methimazole after the first trimester. Responders used several combinations of tests to monitor the dose of ATDs, and the thyroid test results they targeted were inconsistent. For a lactating woman with GD, 68% would give ATDs without stopping lactation. Conclusions Variation in the clinical practices surrounding the management of hyperthyroid pregnant women in Europe still exists.

Poppe, Kris; Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Alicja; Laurberg, Peter; Negro, Roberto; Vermiglio, Francesco; Vaidya, Bijay

2012-01-01

53

Status of the Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II) will aim to detect occultations of stars by small (~1 km diameter) objects in the Kuiper Belt and beyond. Such events are very rare (< 10-3 events per star per year) and short in duration (~200 ms), so many stars must be monitored at a high readout cadence. TAOS II will operate three 1.3 meter telescopes at the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional at San Pedro Mártir in Baja California, México. With a 2.3 square degree field of view and a high speed camera comprising CMOS imagers, the survey will monitor 10,000 stars simultaneously with all three telescopes at a readout cadence of 20 Hz. Construction of the site began in the fall of 2013.

Lehner, Matthew J.; Wang, Shiang-Yu; Alcock, Charles A.; Cook, Kem H.; Furesz, Gabor; Geary, John C.; Hiriart, David; Ho, Paul T.; Lee, William H.; Melsheimer, Frank; Norton, Timothy; Reyes-Ruiz, Mauricio; Richer, Michael; Szentgyorgyi, Andrew; Yen, Wei-Ling; Zhang, Zhi-Wei

2014-07-01

54

The TAOS Project: Results from Seven Years of Survey Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to detect serendipitous occultations of stars by small (~1 km diameter) objects in the Kuiper Belt and beyond. Such events are very rare (<10-3 events per star per year) and short in duration (~200 ms), so many stars must be monitored at a high readout cadence. TAOS monitors typically ~500 stars simultaneously at a 5 Hz readout cadence with four telescopes located at Lulin Observatory in central Taiwan. In this paper, we report the results of the search for small Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) in seven years of data. No occultation events were found, resulting in a 95% c.l. upper limit on the slope of the faint end of the KBO size distribution of q = 3.34-3.82, depending on the surface density at the break in the size distribution at a diameter of about 90 km.

Zhang, Z.-W.; Lehner, M. J.; Wang, J.-H.; Wen, C.-Y.; Wang, S.-Y.; King, S.-K.; Granados, Á. P.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; de Pater, I.; Kim, D.-W.; Lee, T.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S. L.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.

2013-07-01

55

First Results From The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS)  

E-print Network

Results from the first two years of data from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) are presented. Stars have been monitored photometrically at 4 Hz or 5 Hz to search for occultations by small (~3 km) Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). No statistically significant events were found, allowing us to present an upper bound to the size distribution of KBOs with diameters 0.5 km < D < 28 km.

Z. -W. Zhang; F. B. Bianco; M. J. Lehner; N. K. Coehlo; J. -H. Wang; S. Mondal; C. Alcock; T. Axelrod; Y. -I. Byun; W. -P. Chen; K. H. Cook; R. Dave; I. de Pater; R. Porrata; D. -W. Kim; S. -K. King; T. Lee; H. -C. Lin; J. J. Lissauer; S. L. Marshall; P. Protopapas; J. A. Rice; M. E. Schwamb; S. -Y. Wang; C. -Y. Wen

2008-08-14

56

Randomized double-blind trial of prednisone versus radiotherapy in Graves' ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Corticosteriods are usually given for management of Graves' ophthalmopathy, but they have many and serious side-effects. By comparison, retrobulbar irradiation is well tolerated, although its efficacy has been evaluated only in uncontrolled studies. Therefore, the authors did a double-blind randomized trial, in which 28 patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with a 3-month course of oral prednisone and sham irradiation, and 28 received retrobulbar irradiation (20 Gy) and placebo capsules. Therapeutic outcome, assessed twenty-four weeks after the start of treatment, was determined by the change in the highest NOSPECS class. A successful outcome was observed in 14 prednisone-treated and in 13 irradiated patients. Responders to treatment (but not nonresponders) in both groups showed improvements in total and subjective eye score and a decrease in eye-muscle volume. Response to either treatment was due largely to changes in soft-tissue involvement and eye-muscle motility. Radiotherapy and oral prednisone appear to be equally effective as initial treatment in patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. In view of its better tolerability, radiotherapy should be considered the treatment of first choice.

Prummel, M.F.; Mourits, M.; Blank, L.; Berghout, A.; Koornneef, L.; Wiersinga, W.M. (Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands))

1993-10-16

57

The optimal range of RET mutations to be tested: European comments to the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association  

PubMed Central

In the 9th ETA-CRN Meeting (September 2009, Lisbon) some recommendations from the American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for the management of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) were discussed by an European Panel of Experts (EPE). Among the 12 ATA recommendations related to hereditary MTC and to the optimal range of RET mutations to be tested (recommendations 1-5 and 9-15), 7 were shared and 5 were not shared by the EPE. In the present paper, the related comments and suggestions will be reported and discussed. PMID:23514012

2013-01-01

58

Finding Maximum Degrees in Hidden Bipartite Graphs Yufei Tao Cheng Sheng  

E-print Network

Finding Maximum Degrees in Hidden Bipartite Graphs Yufei Tao Cheng Sheng Chinese University of Hong Kong {taoyf, csheng}@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Jianzhong Li Harbin Institute of Technology lijzh Anal- ysis, Instance Optimality Yufei Tao and Cheng Sheng were supported by grants GRF4161/07, GRF 4173

Tao, Yufei

59

Pliocene Volcanic Evolution of the Taos Plateau, New Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New geologic mapping (1:24k-1:50k scale) and high precision 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of volcanic rocks from the Taos Plateau in northern New Mexico reveals nearly 4 million years of predominantly mafic (basalt to andesite) volcanism associated with the Pliocene to Quaternary Rio Grande rift. A nearly continuous record of volcanism is recorded from ~5 to ~1 Ma with two major pulses of magmatism observed at ~4.5 Ma and ~3 Ma reflecting eruption from more than 50 mapped centers and an unresolved number of centers buried by intercalated rift volcanics and sedimentary basin fill. Volcanism, both outflow thickness and vent locations, is strongly controlled by the same north to northwest trending fault systems defining the Rio Grande rift graben. However, active loci of volcanism can be linked to sub-basins within the broader graben structure. Large composite volcanoes ranging in composition from basaltic andesite to andesite, such as Guadeloupe Mountain (~4.5-5 Ma), Ute Mountain (~3.9 Ma), and San Antonio Mountain (~3 Ma) formed over time intervals of about 300 ka during the most voluminous stages of activity. Similar time intervals are recorded in each of three Servilleta basalt flow packages (lower (~4.5 Ma), middle (~4 Ma), and upper (~3.5 Ma)) observed at the Rio Grande gorge just north of Taos that first began erupting at ~ 4.7 Ma. Distinctive reddish paleosols between each Servilleta flow package represent time intervals between eruptions of ~0.5 Ma. Late stage volcanic activity (< 3 Ma) is recorded as small volume Servilleta basalt volcanoes and numerous small basalt to basaltic andesite cinder cones and associated lavas flows. Mesita Cone, dated at ~ 1 Ma and offset by middle Pleistocene faulting, represents the youngest volcanic activity within the Taos plateau segment of the Rio Grande Rift. The Pliocene to Quaternary volcanic rocks of the Taos Plateau are locally underlain by 1) Precambrian crystalline granite basement, 2) Oligocene calc-alkaline volcanic and associated intrusive rocks of the southern Rocky Mountain volcanic field, 3) a mafic to intermediate composition Miocene volcanic platform in the northern part of the plateau, or 4) Miocene to Quaternary basin-fill deposits in actively subsiding extensional sub-basins of the eastern plateau. The stratigraphic relationship of this Pliocene volcanism to the earlier igneous activity, mapped faults, and erosional unconformities establishes temporal constraints on regional extension prior to Pliocene rifting. Preliminary 40Ar/39Ar results and integrated mapping support an interpretation of contemporaneous rift sub-basin development and Pliocene volcanism as the primary manifestation of continental rifting vs. regional extension in northern New Mexico.

Cosca, M. A.; Thompson, R. A.; Turner, K. J.; Lee, J. P.

2012-12-01

60

Audiomagnetotelluric data, Taos Plateau Volcanic Field, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey is conducting a series of multidisciplinary studies of the San Luis Basin as part of the Geologic framework of the Rio Grande Basins project. Detailed geologic mapping, high-resolution airborne magnetic surveys, gravity surveys, audiomagnetotelluric surveys, and hydrologic and lithologic data are being used to better understand the aquifers. This report describes a regional east-west audiomagnetotelluric sounding profile acquired in late July 2009 across the Taos Plateau Volcanic Field. No interpretation of the data is included.

Ailes, Chad E.; Rodriguez, Brian D.

2011-01-01

61

UNM-TAOS LIBRARY L:\\pub\\Forms\\Instruction Sheet Masters\\Accessing LIBROS.doc 11/22/2011  

E-print Network

UNM-TAOS LIBRARY L:\\pub\\Forms\\Instruction Sheet Masters\\Accessing LIBROS.doc 11/22/2011 For direct access to LIBROS, go to: http://libros.unm.edu You have now reached the LIBROS Catalog! At this point you route to LIBROS (and other library resources) is through the UNM-Taos web page (http://taos.unm.edu). 1

New Mexico, University of

62

Tao kinases as coordinators of actin and microtubule dynamics in developing neurons  

PubMed Central

Drosophila tao, encoding a Ste20 family kinase, was identified as a gene involved in ethanol, cocaine and nicotine sensitivity. The behavioral phenotypes appear to be caused by defects in the development of the adult brain. Specifically, Drosophila tao functions to promote axon guidance of mushroom body (MB) neurons. The MB is a large structure in the central brain of the fly whose development and function have been well characterized. tao interacts genetically with mutations in the par-1 gene, also encoding a serine-threonine kinase. Since Par-1 has been implicated in the regulation of microtubule dynamics, this suggests that tao regulates the microtubule cytoskeleton in developing MB neurons. Here we discuss these results in light of previous studies that have proposed that Drosophila tao and its mammalian homologs function as a link between the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons, regulating microtubule stability in response to actin signals. PMID:22046460

King, Ian

2011-01-01

63

Tao kinases as coordinators of actin and microtubule dynamics in developing neurons.  

PubMed

Drosophila tao, encoding a Ste20 family kinase, was identified as a gene involved in ethanol, cocaine and nicotine sensitivity. The behavioral phenotypes appear to be caused by defects in the development of the adult brain. Specifically, Drosophila tao functions to promote axon guidance of mushroom body (MB) neurons. The MB is a large structure in the central brain of the fly whose development and function have been well characterized. tao interacts genetically with mutations in the par-1 gene, also encoding a serine-threonine kinase. Since Par-1 has been implicated in the regulation of microtubule dynamics, this suggests that tao regulates the microtubule cytoskeleton in developing MB neurons. Here we discuss these results in light of previous studies that have proposed that Drosophila tao and its mammalian homologs function as a link between the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons, regulating microtubule stability in response to actin signals. PMID:22046460

King, Ian; Heberlein, Ulrike

2011-09-01

64

Drosophila tao controls mushroom body development and ethanol-stimulated behavior through par-1.  

PubMed

In both mammalian and insect models of ethanol-induced behavior, low doses of ethanol stimulate locomotion. However, the mechanisms of the stimulant effects of ethanol on the CNS are mostly unknown. We have identified tao, encoding a serine-threonine kinase of the Ste20 family, as a gene necessary for ethanol-induced locomotor hyperactivity in Drosophila. Mutations in tao also affect behavioral responses to cocaine and nicotine, making flies resistant to the effects of both drugs. We show that tao function is required during the development of the adult nervous system and that tao mutations cause defects in the development of central brain structures, including the mushroom body. Silencing of a subset of mushroom body neurons is sufficient to reduce ethanol-induced hyperactivity, revealing the mushroom body as an important locus mediating the stimulant effects of ethanol. We also show that mutations in par-1 suppress both the mushroom body morphology and behavioral phenotypes of tao mutations and that the phosphorylation state of the microtubule-binding protein Tau can be altered by RNA interference knockdown of tao, suggesting that tao and par-1 act in a pathway to control microtubule dynamics during neural development. PMID:21248138

King, Ian; Tsai, Linus T-Y; Pflanz, Ralf; Voigt, Aaron; Lee, Seongsoo; Jäckle, Herbert; Lu, Bingwei; Heberlein, Ulrike

2011-01-19

65

Protracted Hypofractionated Radiotherapy for Graves' Ophthalmopathy: A Pilot Study of Clinical and Radiologic Response  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic response of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy given low-dose orbital radiotherapy (RT) with a protracted fractionation. Methods and Materials: Eighteen patients (36 orbits) received orbital RT with a total dose of 10 Gy, fractionated in 1 Gy once a week over 10 weeks. Of these, 9 patients received steroid therapy as well. Patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically at 6 months after treatment. Clinical response assessment was carried out using three criteria: by physical examination, by a modified clinical activity score, and by a verbal questionnaire considering the 10 most common signs and symptoms of the disease. Radiologic response was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Improvement in ocular pain, palpebral edema, visual acuity, and ocular motility was observed in all patients. Significant decrease in symptoms such as tearing (p < 0.001) diplopia (p = 0.008), conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.002), and ocular grittiness (p = 0.031) also occurred. Magnetic resonance imaging showed decrease in ocular muscle thickness and in the intensity of the T2 sequence signal in the majority of patients. Treatments were well tolerated, and to date no complications from treatment have been observed. There was no statistical difference in clinical and radiologic response between patients receiving RT alone and those receiving RT plus steroid therapy. Conclusion: RT delivered in at a low dose and in a protracted scheme should be considered as a useful therapeutic option for patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Casimiro de Deus Cardoso, Cejana; Giordani, Adelmo Jose [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Borri Wolosker, Angela Maria [Department of Radiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Souhami, Luis [Department of Radiotherapy, McGill University Heath Centre, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Gois Manso, Paulo [Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Souza Dias, Rodrigo; Comodo Segreto, Helena Regina [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo Segreto, Roberto, E-mail: segreto.dmed@epm.br [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2012-03-01

66

Status of the Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TAOS II is a next generation occultation survey with the goal of measuring the size distribution of the small objects (diameters between 0.5 and 30 km) in the Kuiper Belt. The project is a collaboration between the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, The survey will operate three 1.3 m telescopes at San Pedro Martir Observatory in Baja California, Mexico. Each telescope will be equipped with a custom camera comprising a focal plane array of CMOS imagers. Each camera will be capable of reading out image data from 10,000 stars at a cadence of 20 Hz. All telescopes will monitor the same set of stars simultaneously to search for coincident occultation events while minimizing the false positive rate. This poster describes the project and reports on the progress of the development of the survey infrastructure.

Reyes-Ruiz, Mauricio

2014-11-01

67

Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins as measured in a reporter bioassay are not detected in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and ophthalmopathy or isolated upper eyelid retraction  

PubMed Central

Although ophthalmopathy is mainly associated with Graves’ hyperthyroidism, milder eye changes are also found in about 25% of patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT). The recent finding of negative thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies, as measured in the Thyretain™ thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) reporter bioassay, in patients with euthyroid Graves’ disease raises the possibility that TSHR antibodies are not the cause of ophthalmopathy in all situations. Here, we have tested serum from patients with HT with and without ophthalmopathy or isolated upper eyelid retraction (UER) for TSHR antibodies, using the TSI reporter bioassay and collagen XIII as a marker of autoimmunity against the orbital fibroblast. Study groups were 23 patients with HT with ophthalmopathy, isolated UER, or both eye features and 17 patients without eye signs. Thyretain™ TSI results were expressed as a percentage of the sample-to-reference ratio, with a positive test being taken as a sample-to-reference ratio of more than 140%. Serum collagen XIII antibodies were measured in standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. TSI tests were positive in 22% of patients with HT with no eye signs but in no patient with eye signs. In contrast, TSI tests were positive in 94% of patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Tests were negative in all normal subjects tested. Collagen XIII antibodies were detected in 83% of patients with ophthalmopathy, UER, or both eye features, but in only 30% of patients with no eye signs. Our findings suggest that TSHR antibodies do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of ophthalmopathy or isolated UER in patients with HT. Moreover, the role of TSHR antibodies in the development of ophthalmopathy in patients with Graves’ disease remains to be proven. In contrast, collagen XIII antibodies appear to be a good marker of eye disease in patients with HT. PMID:25336908

Wall, Jack R; Lahooti, Hooshang; El Kochairi, Ilhem; Lytton, Simon D; Champion, Bernard

2014-01-01

68

TAO: regular expression based high-level testability analysis and optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present TAO, a novel methodology for high- level testability analysis and optimization of register-t ransfer level controller\\/data path circuits. Unlike existing high-leve l test- ing techniques that cater restrictively to certain classesof cir- cuits or design styles, TAO exploits the algebra of regular e x- pressions to provide a unified framework for handling a wide variety

Srivaths Ravi; Ganesh Lakshminarayana; Niraj K. Jha

1998-01-01

69

TaO x -based resistive switching memories: prospective and challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resistive switching memories (RRAMs) are attractive for replacement of conventional flash in the future. Although different switching materials have been reported; however, low-current operated devices (<100 ?A) are necessary for productive RRAM applications. Therefore, TaO x is one of the prospective switching materials because of two stable phases of TaO2 and Ta2O5, which can also control the stable low- and high-resistance states. Long program/erase endurance and data retention at high temperature under low-current operation are also reported in published literature. So far, bilayered TaO x with inert electrodes (Pt and/or Ir) or single layer TaO x with semi-reactive electrodes (W and Ti/W or Ta/Pt) is proposed for real RRAM applications. It is found that the memory characteristics at current compliance (CC) of 80 ?A is acceptable for real application; however, data are becoming worst at CC of 10 ?A. Therefore, it is very challenging to reduce the operation current (few microampere) of the RRAM devices. This study investigates the switching mode, mechanism, and performance of low-current operated TaO x -based devices as compared to other RRAM devices. This topical review will not only help for application of TaO x -based nanoscale RRAM devices but also encourage researcher to overcome the challenges in the future production.

Prakash, Amit; Jana, Debanjan; Maikap, Siddheswar

2013-10-01

70

Tao-1 Phosphorylates Hippo/MST kinases to Regulate the Hippo-Salvador-Warts Tumor Suppressor Pathway  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Recent studies have shown that the Hippo-Salvador-Warts (HSW) pathway restrains tissue growth by phosphorylating and inactivating the oncoprotein Yorkie. How growth suppressive signals are transduced upstream of Hippo remains unclear. We show that the Sterile 20 family kinase, Tao-1, directly phosphorylates T195 in the Hippo activation loop and that, like other HSW pathway genes, Tao-1 functions to restrict cell proliferation in developing imaginal epithelia. This relationship appears to be evolutionarily conserved, because mammalian Tao-1 similarly affects MST kinases. In S2 cells Tao-1 mediates the effects of the upstream HSW components Merlin and Expanded, consistent with the idea that Tao-1 functions in tissues to regulate Hippo phosphorylation. These results demonstrate that one family of Ste20 kinases can activate another and identify Tao-1 as a component of the regulatory network controlling HSW pathway signaling, and therefore tissue growth, during development. PMID:22075147

Boggiano, Julian C.; Vanderzalm, Pamela J.; Fehon, Richard G.

2011-01-01

71

Evaluation of cadmium contamination due to bed load sediment transport in Mae Tao Creek, Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mae Tao subcatchment is known as a site of grave concern in Thailand due to its cadmium contamination. High cadmium levels in bed load sediment are present; 33.93 mg\\/kg of cadmium was detected in bed load sediment downstream of the subcatchment. This research, therefore, concentrates on cadmium's presence in bed load sediment and its transport throughout Mae Tao Creek.

P. Karoonmakphol; P. Chaiwiwatworakul

2010-01-01

72

Increased microRNA-155 and decreased microRNA-146a may promote ocular inflammation and proliferation in Graves' ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Graves’ ophthalmopathy is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the orbit, characterized by inflammation and proliferation of the orbital tissue caused by CD4+T cells and orbital fibroblasts. Despite recent substantial findings regarding its cellular and molecular foundations, the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy remains unclear. Accumulating data suggest that microRNAs play important roles in the pathophysiology of autoimmunity and proliferation. Specifically, microRNA-155 (miR-155) can promote autoimmune inflammation by enhancing inflammatory T cell development. In contrast to miR-155, microRNA-146a (miR-146a) can inhibit the immune response by suppressing T cell activation. Furthermore, miR-155 and miR-146a are involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and many other life processes. Thus, miR-155 and miR-146a, with opposite impacts on inflammatory responses carried out by T lymphocytes, appear to have multiple targets in the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Our previous work showed that the expression of miR-146a was significantly decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Graves’ ophthalmopathy patients compared with normal subjects. Accordingly, we proposed that the expression of miR-155 increased and the expression of miR-146a decreased in the target cells (CD4+T cells and orbital fibroblasts), thus promoting ocular inflammation and proliferation in Graves’ ophthalmopathy. The proposed hypothesis warrants further investigation of the function of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which may shed new light on the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy and lead to new strategies for its management. PMID:24743332

Li, Kaijun; Du, Yi; Jiang, Ben-Li; He, Jian-Feng

2014-01-01

73

Rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides counteracts diabetic ophthalmopathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.  

PubMed

Diabetic ophthalmopathy (DO) impairs patients' eyesight and even causes blindness. Here, we investigated the effect of 60% ethanol extract of the rhizome of Anemarrhenae asphodeloides (ERA), which is commonly used in Chinese medicine formulae in treating diabetes, on DO progression. Blood glucose, insulin, advanced glycation end products (AGE), super oxygen dehydrogenises (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels in serum and sorbitol concentration in the lens were measured. Retinal endothelium/pericyte (E/P) ratio was evaluated, and structural changes of the retina and lens were observed. Effects of mangiferin and neomangiferin, the two major components of ERA, on subnormal growth of pericytes induced by high glucose were also detected. It was found that the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in serum were increased, whereas MDA and AGE levels in serum and sorbitol concentration in the lens were decreased in ERA-treated DO rats. E/P ratio was decreased, and the pathological changes of the lens and retina were alleviated by ERA treatment. Moreover, the subnormal growth of pericytes induced by high glucose was ameliorated by mangiferin and neomangiferin. These results indicated that ERA could effectively prevent DO progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and mangiferin and neomangiferin may be the main effective components. PMID:23148017

Li, Xuan; Cui, Xiaobing; Wang, Jinjin; Yang, Jie; Sun, Xiaoyu; Li, Xiaodong; Zhu, Quan; Li, Wei

2013-08-01

74

A Novel Approach for Data Distribution on NUMA Machines Jie Tao, Wolfgang Karl, and Martin Schulz  

E-print Network

A Novel Approach for Data Distribution on NUMA Machines Jie Tao, Wolfgang Karl, and Martin Schulz­mail: ftao,karlw,schulzmg@in.tum.de Abstract Shared memory applications running on NUMA machines suffer from with the common software intrusion. 1 Introduction Due to their scalability and performance­efficiency, NUMA

Stamatakis, Alexandros

75

Optimal Control of Multi-battery Energy-aware Systems Tao Wang and Christos G. Cassandras  

E-print Network

, especially for small and light devices, re- search on energy management of battery-powered systems has becomeOptimal Control of Multi-battery Energy-aware Systems Tao Wang and Christos G. Cassandras Division the discharging and recharging process at each battery. Modeling a battery as a dynamic system, we adopt a Kinetic

Cassandras, Christos G.

76

Coalition Formation through Learning in Autonomic Networks Tao Jiang and John S. Baras  

E-print Network

Coalition Formation through Learning in Autonomic Networks Tao Jiang and John S. Baras Abstract behavior of others. We present conditions that the coalition formed is stable in terms of Nash stability@umd.edu strategies of nodes that constitute a Nash equilibrium. In [2], there is a link between two nodes

Baras, John S.

77

Estimating Joint Probabilities from Marginal Tao Li, Shenghuo Zhu, Mitsunori Ogihara, and Yinhe Cheng  

E-print Network

Estimating Joint Probabilities from Marginal Ones Tao Li, Shenghuo Zhu, Mitsunori Ogihara, and Yinhe Cheng Computer Science Department University of Rochester Rochester, New York 14627-0226 {taoli,zsh,ogihara,cheng Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002 #12;32 T. Li et al. or space complexity of combinatory counting

Li, Tao

78

Quantify Music Artist Similarity Based on Style and Mood Bo Shao, Tao Li  

E-print Network

Quantify Music Artist Similarity Based on Style and Mood Bo Shao, Tao Li School of Computer Science- tive information available at the All Music Guide website. We then generate style­mood joint taxonomies, we focus on two very important aspects of music: style and mood [15]. The style and mood descriptions

Li, Tao

79

Re-tweeting from a Linguistic Perspective Aobo Wang Tao Chen  

E-print Network

classification for linguistic analysis. #12;Early ethnographic work on tweets manually cre- ated classificationRe-tweeting from a Linguistic Perspective Aobo Wang Tao Chen Web IR / NLP Group (WING) National-Yen Kan Abstract What makes a tweet worth sharing? We study the content of tweets to uncover linguis- tic

Kan, Min-Yen

80

TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute  

E-print Network

RESUME TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute PO Box 2533 Abu Dhabi, U.A.E. Phone: (971) 2-607-5587, Email: tzhu@pi.ac.ae EDUCATION Ph.D. 1991 Petroleum Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma M.S. 1986 Petroleum Engineering, University of Alberta

Williams, John M.

81

The cultural and ecological impacts of aboriginal tourism: a case study on Taiwan's Tao tribe.  

PubMed

We show that tourism activities severely impact the ecology of Orchid Island, its natural resources, and the culture of the Tao tribe. For example, highway widening, in response to the increased traffic volumes caused by tourism, required many Pandanus trees to be cut and removed, which has placed the coconut crabs in danger of extinction. To promote eco-tourism, observation trips to observe Elegant Scops owls and Birdwing butterflies have taken place, which has affected the breeding of these two protected species. The Elegant Scops owls- and Birdwing butterflies-related tourism activities also break the "evil spirits" taboo of the Tao people and have caused the disappearance of the specifications for using traditional natural resources, causing natural ecosystems to face the threat of excessive use. In addition to promoting and advocating aboriginal tourism of the Tao people on Orchid Island, the Taiwanese government should help the Tao people to develop a management model that combines traditional regulations and tourism activities. PMID:25089246

Liu, Tzu-Ming; Lu, Dau-Jye

2014-01-01

82

The TAOS Project Stellar Variability II. Detection of 15 Variable Stars  

SciTech Connect

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) project has collected more than a billion photometric measurements since 2005 January. These sky survey data - covering timescales from a fraction of a second to a few hundred days - are a useful source to study stellar variability. A total of 167 star fields, mostly along the ecliptic plane, have been selected for photometric monitoring with the TAOS telescopes. This paper presents our initial analysis of a search for periodic variable stars from the time-series TAOS data on one particular TAOS field, No. 151 (RA = 17{sup h} 30{sup m} 6.67{sup s}, Dec = 27 degrees, 17 minutes, 30 seconds, J2000), which had been observed over 47 epochs in 2005. A total of 81 candidate variables are identified in the 3 square degree field, with magnitudes in the range 8 < R < 16. On the basis of the periodicity and shape of the lightcurves, 32 variables, 18 of which were previously unknown, are classified as RR Lyrae, Cepheid, {delta} Scuti, SX Phonencis, semi-regular and eclipsing binaries.

Mondal, S; Lin, C C; Zhang, Z W; Alcock, C; Axelrod, T; Bianco, F B; Byun, Y I; Coehlo, N K; Cook, K H; Dave, R; Kim, D W; King, S K; Lee, T; Lehner, M J; Lin, H C; Marshall, S L; Protopapas, P; Rice, J A; Schwamb, M E; Wang, J H; Wang, S Y; Wen, C Y

2010-01-28

83

REMEM: REmote MEMory as Checkpointing Storage Hui Jin, Xian-He Sun, Yong Chen, Tao Ke  

E-print Network

the impact of failures on the application performance [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. Most of these systems checkpointREMEM: REmote MEMory as Checkpointing Storage Hui Jin, Xian-He Sun, Yong Chen, Tao Ke Department@ornl.gov Abstract--Checkpointing is a widely used mechanism for supporting fault tolerance, but notorious in its

Sun, Xian-He

84

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2012.04.17.01(WMH) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

with Application to Sea Level Rise Based on Synthetic Storms Analysis Scott C. Hagen1, * and Peter Bacopoulos2 1 in the identification of a select subset of synthetic storms for studying the impact of sea level rise. The sea level level rise based on synthetic storms analysis. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 23, 481-500, doi: 10.3319/TAO

Central Florida, University of

85

Upper eyelid retraction in Graves' ophthalmopathy: a new surgical technique and a study of the abnormal levator muscle.  

PubMed Central

A new surgical procedure, the proximal levator technique, achieves recession of the retracted upper eyelid in Graves' ophthalmopathy by sectioning the levator muscle proximal to Whitnall's ligament and fixing eyelid position with sutures that permit postoperative adjustment. This technique deserves further study. Enlargement of the proximal levator muscle in Graves' eye disease is shown on orbital CT scans and is found at surgery when the proximal levator technique is employed. Histologic and morphometric studies demonstrate increased levator muscle fiber size as well as increased extracellular volume. These findings suggest that levator muscle hypertrophy is important in the pathogenesis of upper eyelid retraction in Graves' ophthalmopathy. Images FIGURE 2 A FIGURE 3 A FIGURE 3 B FIGURE 3 C FIGURE 3 D FIGURE 4 A,B FIGURE 4 C,D,E FIGURE 4 F,G FIGURE 6 A FIGURE 6 B FIGURE 7 A FIGURE 7 B FIGURE 8 A FIGURE 8 B FIGURE 9 A FIGURE 9 B FIGURE 10 A FIGURE 10 B FIGURE 11 A FIGURE 11 B FIGURE 12 A FIGURE 12 B FIGURE 13 A FIGURE 13 B FIGURE 14 A FIGURE 14 B FIGURE 15 A FIGURE 15 B FIGURE 16 A FIGURE 16 B FIGURE 17 A FIGURE 17 B FIGURE 18 A FIGURE 18 B FIGURE 19 A FIGURE 19 B FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 PMID:2979032

Small, R G

1988-01-01

86

Molecular cloning and characterization of genes for antibodies generated by orbital tissue-infiltrating B-cells in Graves` ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Graves` ophthalmopathy is a distressing autoimmune disease of unknown etiology. Analysis of the genes for antibodies secreted by orbital tissue-infiltrating plasma cells might provide insight into the pathogenesis of this disease. The authors, therefore, constructed an immunoglobulin heavy (H) chain and an immunoglobulin k light (L) chain cDNA library from the orbital tissue of a patient with active Graves` ophthalmopathy. Analysis of 15 H (IgG1) and 15 L (k) chains revealed a restricted spectrum of variable region genes. Fourteen of 15 variable k genes were about 94% homologous to the closest known germline gene, KL012. Thirteen of 15 H chain genes were 91% and 90% homologous to the closest germline genes, DP10 and hv1263, respectively. Remarkably, these germline genes also code for other autoantibodies to striated muscle (KL012) and thyroid peridase (KL012 and hv1263). These studies raise the possibility that particular germline genes may be associated with autoimmunity in humans. Further, the present study opens the way to identifying ocular autoantigens that may be the target of an humoral immune response. 29 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Jaume, J.C.; Portolano, S.; Prummel, M.F.; McLachlan, S.M.; Rapoport, B. [Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)

1994-02-01

87

Two Early Gamma-ray Bursts Optical Afterglow Detections with TAOS Telescopes--GRB 071010B and GRB 071112C  

SciTech Connect

We present on two early detections of GRB afterglows with the Taiwanese-American Occltation Sruvey (TAOS) telescopes. The robotic TAOS system has been devised so that the routine Kuiper Belt Object (KBO) survey is interrupted when a GRB alert is triggered. Our first detection, GRB 071010B was detected by TAOS 62 s after the burst and showed a weak early brightening during the observations. No significant correction with the prompt gamma-ray emission indicated that our optical emission detected is afterglow emission. The second detection of TAOS, GRB 071112C was detected 96 s after the burst, also showed a possible initial raising then followed a steep decay in the R-band light curve.

Huang, K. Y.; Wang, S. Y. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Urata, Y. [Dept. of Physics, Saitama University, Shimookubo, Saitama 338-8570 Japan (Japan); Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

2009-05-25

88

Prediction of Volumetric Properties ( p-v-T) of Natural Gas Mixtures Using Extended Tao-Mason Equation of State  

Microsoft Academic Search

A statistical-mechanical-based equation of state (EOS) for pure substances, the Tao-Mason equation of state, is successfully extended to prediction of the (p-v-T) properties of fourteen natural gas mixtures at temperatures from 225 K to 483 K and pressures up to 60.5 MPa. This work shows that the Tao-Mason equation of state for multicomponent natural gas is predictable with minimal input

Hajir Karimi; Fakhri Yousefi; Mohammad Mehdi Papari

2011-01-01

89

The TAOS Project: Statistical Analysis of Multi-Telescope Time Series Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) monitors fields of up to ˜1000 stars at 5 Hz simultaneously with four small telescopes to detect occultation events from small (˜1 km) Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). The survey presents a number of challenges, in particular the fact that the occultation events we are searching for are extremely rare and are typically manifested as slight flux drops for only one or two consecutive time series measurements. We have developed a statistical analysis technique to search the multi-telescope data set for simultaneous flux drops which provides a robust false-positive rejection and calculation of event significance. In this article, we describe in detail this statistical technique and its application to the TAOS data set.

Lehner, M. J.; Coehlo, N. K.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Bianco, F. B.; Wang, J.-H.; Rice, J. A.; Protopapas, P.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; de Pater, I.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Marshall, S. L.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2010-08-01

90

Impacts of XBT, TAO, altimetry and ARGO observations on the tropical Pacific Ocean data assimilation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at assessing the relative impacts of four major components of the tropical Pacific Ocean observing system\\u000a on assimilation of temperature and salinity fields. Observations were collected over a period between January 2001 through\\u000a June 2003 including temperature data from the expendable bathythermographs (XBT), thermistor data from the Tropical Ocean\\u000a Global Atmosphere Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TOGA-TAO) mooring array, sea

Changxiang Yan; Jiang Zhu; Guangqing Zhou

2007-01-01

91

JNK pathway activation is controlled by Tao/TAOK3 to modulate ethanol sensitivity.  

PubMed

Neuronal signal transduction by the JNK MAP kinase pathway is altered by a broad array of stimuli including exposure to the widely abused drug ethanol, but the behavioral relevance and the regulation of JNK signaling is unclear. Here we demonstrate that JNK signaling functions downstream of the Sterile20 kinase family gene tao/Taok3 to regulate the behavioral effects of acute ethanol exposure in both the fruit fly Drosophila and mice. In flies tao is required in neurons to promote sensitivity to the locomotor stimulant effects of acute ethanol exposure and to establish specific brain structures. Reduced expression of key JNK pathway genes substantially rescued the structural and behavioral phenotypes of tao mutants. Decreasing and increasing JNK pathway activity resulted in increased and decreased sensitivity to the locomotor stimulant properties of acute ethanol exposure, respectively. Further, JNK expression in a limited pattern of neurons that included brain regions implicated in ethanol responses was sufficient to restore normal behavior. Mice heterozygous for a disrupted allele of the homologous Taok3 gene (Taok3Gt) were resistant to the acute sedative effects of ethanol. JNK activity was constitutively increased in brains of Taok3Gt/+ mice, and acute induction of phospho-JNK in brain tissue by ethanol was occluded in Taok3Gt/+ mice. Finally, acute administration of a JNK inhibitor conferred resistance to the sedative effects of ethanol in wild-type but not Taok3Gt/+ mice. Taken together, these data support a role of a TAO/TAOK3-JNK neuronal signaling pathway in regulating sensitivity to acute ethanol exposure in flies and in mice. PMID:23227189

Kapfhamer, David; King, Ian; Zou, Mimi E; Lim, Jana P; Heberlein, Ulrike; Wolf, Fred W

2012-01-01

92

Orbital positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging findings in graves ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Background We aimed to describe orbital positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging findings, both structural and metabolic, in different clinical stages of Graves ophthalmopathy (GO). This prospective, observational, cross-sectional study examined 32 eyes of 16 patients with GO. Methods Patients were assessed with a complete ophthalmological evaluation and assigned a VISA classification for GO. All patients underwent serum thyroid hormone measurement, antibody profile, and 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18-FDG PET/CT) of the orbits. The 18-FDG uptake on PET images was expressed in terms of maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax). CT images were analyzed, and orbital structures were measured in millimeters. Vision, inflammation, strabismus, and overall appearance were assessed according to the VISA classification system, thyroid hormone levels, antibody values, 18-FDG uptake, and thickness of orbital structures. Results Altogether, 32 eyes of 16 patients (10 women, 6 men; mean age 44.31?±?13 years, range 20–71 years) were included. Three patients were hypothyroid, seven were euthyroid, and six were hyperthyroid. CT measurements of extraocular muscle diameter were elevated (P??0.05). Conclusions We demonstrated a lack of correlation between 18-FDG extraocular muscle uptake and either clinical inflammation score or muscle diameter. Although 18-FDG uptake has been used as an inflammation marker in other pathologies, inflammation in GO may be clinically detected in PET/CT-negative cases, and cases with negative clinical findings may show inflammation on PET/CT. Clinical evaluation is mandatory but may be insufficient and inaccurate for classifying GO. A larger and homogeneous sample size and further research is needed to define the role of PET/CT in detecting, grading, and follow-up of GO to optimize treatment of the inflammatory stage respect clinical methods currently used. PMID:24007404

2013-01-01

93

World Wide Web access to real-time and historical data from the TAO array of moored buoys in the tropical Pacific Ocean: updates for 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TAO array consists of approximately 70 moored buoys in the tropical Pacific Ocean, telemetering data in real time via the Argos satellite. Supported by an international consortium, it is a major component of the global climate monitoring system. TAO data is readily available via the World Wide Web, Unix\\/X-windows\\/Internet, and anonymous FTP. Available data includes real time and historical

N. N. Soreide; D. C. McClurg; W. H. Zhu; M. J. McPhaden; D. W. Denbo; M. W. Renton

1996-01-01

94

An egalitarian network model for the emergence of simple and complex cells in visual cortex Louis Tao, Michael Shelley, David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley  

E-print Network

Tao, Michael Shelley, David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley doi:10.1073/pnas.2036460100 2004 cortex Louis Tao*, Michael Shelley , David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley Courant Institute Science, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 Contributed by David McLaughlin

McLaughlin, David

95

Search for small trans-Neptunian objects by the TAOS project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to conduct a census of small icy bodies in the outer reach of the Solar System, by means of stellar occultation. An array of 4 small (aperture 0.5 m), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes have been installed at Lulin Observatory in Taiwan to monitor some one thousand stars simultaneously for such rare occultation events. The occurrence rate of the events would provide constraints on the number and space distribution of the Kuiper-belt Objects (KBOs). As the building blocks of planets and moons, KBOs preserve the formation and early dynamical evolution history of the Solar System. The TAOS project is a collaboration of institutions in Taiwan (Academia Sinica and NCU), the USA (U. Pennsylvannia, Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, NASA/Ames, UC-Berkeley), and Korea (Yonsei U.) Because a typical occultation event by a KBO is expected to last for only a fraction of a second, fast photometry is necessary. A true occultation event is considered securely detected if the flux drop is seen in all telescopes. Photometry of a thousand stars, for which the data should be processed, analyzed, and correlated among all telescopes in real time, is a daunting task. Routine observations began in early 2005 and so far a few billion photometric measurements have been collected. Even though no KBO occultation event has been detected, a few certain models on the population of the KBOs can be ruled out already. We will present our special data acquisition and analysis schemes and our statistical results. A few test cases will be shown for which the TAOS system was used to detect stellar occultation events by known asteroids. In addition to the KBO science, the huge TAOS database, ~ some 100 GB per night, would be valuable in other, e.g., stellar variability, studies. Our robotic telescope systems are also responding to gamma-ray bursts. We will present a few examples of variable stars observed by

Chen, W. P.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y. I.; Chang, Y. H.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; Giammarco, J.; Kim, D. W.; King, S. K.; Lee, T.; Lehner, M.; Lin, C. C.; Lin, H. C.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S.; Meinshausen, N.; Mondal, S.; de Pater, I.; Porrata, R.; Rice, J.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, A.; Wang, S. Y.; Wen, C. Y.; Zhang, Z. W.

2007-05-01

96

Electrode-material dependent switching in TaO x memristors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied the effect of top electrode materials on the switching behavior of TaO x based memristors with an identical switching oxide layer and bottom electrode stack. We found that the virgin resistance, electroforming and switching performance depend heavily on the chemical property of the top electrode materials. In addition, the electrical properties of metal oxides formed with the top electrodes also contribute to the overall memristor performance, including the nonlinearity of the current–voltage relationship. These results provide insights into understanding of memristor behavior as well as approaches for device property engineering.

Ge, Ning; Zhang, M.-X.; Zhang, Lu; Yang, J. Joshua; Li, Zhiyong; Williams, R. Stanley

2014-10-01

97

Report on the Taos round table: Oil and money in the next decade  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the content of the conference held May 8--10, 1992 in Taos, Mexico. The conference explored the topic ``what is required from the world oil and gas community and what does it cost?`` The topics included areas of growth potential, changing demand patterns for refined product, and cost of pollution regulations. The conference then explored the requirements from the oil exploration and production sector, the requirements from the financial community and the priorities which should be set, and finally what strategy should be developed for survival growth and profitability in the next decade.

NONE

1992-12-31

98

Introducing the reporting system for thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology according to the new guidelines of the Japan Thyroid Association.  

PubMed

The Japan Thyroid Association (JTA) recently published new guidelines for clinical management of thyroid nodules. This paper introduces their diagnostic system for reporting thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology. There are two points where the new reporting system that differs from existing internationally-accepted ones. The first is the subclassification of the so-called indeterminate category, which is divided into 'follicular neoplasm' and 'others'. The second is the subclassification of follicular neoplasm into 'favor benign', 'borderline' and 'favor malignant'. It is characterized by self-explanatory terminologies as to histological type and probability of malignancy to establish further risk stratification as well as to facilitate communication between clinicians and cytopathologists. The different treatment strategies adopted for thyroid nodules is deeply influenced by the particular diagnostic system used for thyroid cytology. In Western countries all patients with follicular neoplasms are advised to have immediate diagnostic surgery while patients in Japan often undergo further risk stratification without immediate surgery. The JTA diagnostic system of reporting thyroid cytology is designed for further risk stratification of patients with indeterminate cytology. If a surgeon applies diagnostic lobectomy to all patients with follicular neoplasm unselectively, this subclassification of follicular neoplasm has no practical meaning and is unnecessary. Cytological risk stratification of follicular neoplasms is optional and cytopathologists can choose either a simple 6-tier system without stratification of follicular neoplasm or a complicated 8-tier system depending on their experience in thyroid cytology and clinical management. PMID:24727657

Kakudo, Kennichi; Kameyama, Kaori; Miyauchi, Akira; Nakamura, Hirotoshi

2014-06-29

99

2013 European thyroid association guidelines for cervical ultrasound scan and ultrasound-guided techniques in the postoperative management of patients with thyroid cancer.  

PubMed

Cervical ultrasound scanning (US) is considered a key examination, by all major thyroid and endocrine specialist societies for the postoperative follow-up of thyroid cancer patients to assess the risk of recurrence. Neck US imaging is readily available, non-invasive, relatively easy to perform, cost-effective, and can guide diagnostic and therapeutic procedures with low complication rates. Its main shortcoming is its operator-dependency. Because of the pivotal role of US in the care of thyroid cancer patients, the European Thyroid Association convened a panel of international experts to review technical aspects, indications, results, and limitations of cervical US in the initial staging and follow-up of thyroid cancer patients. The main aim is to establish guidelines for both a cervical US scanning protocol and US-guided diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in patients with thyroid cancer. This report presents (1) standardization of the US scanning procedure, techniques of US-guided fine-needle aspiration, and reporting of findings; (2) definition of criteria for classification of malignancy risk based on cervical US imaging characteristics of neck masses and lymph nodes; (3) indications for US-guided fine-needle aspiration and for biological in situ assessments; (4) proposal of an algorithm for the follow-up of thyroid cancer patients based on risk stratification following histopathological and cervical US findings, and (5) discussion of the potential use of US-guided localization and ablation techniques for locoregional thyroid metastases. PMID:24847448

Leenhardt, L; Erdogan, M F; Hegedus, L; Mandel, S J; Paschke, R; Rago, T; Russ, G

2013-09-01

100

Paleomagnetism and tectonic interpretations of the Taos Plateau volcanic field, Rio Grande rift, New Mexico  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The tectonic response of the Taos Plateau volcanic field in the southern San Luis basin to late stage extensional environment of the Rio Grande rift was investigate using paleomagnetic techniques. Sixty-two sites (533 samples) of Pliocene volcanic units were collected covering four major rock types with ages of 4.7 to 1.8 Ma. Twenty-two of these sites were from stratigraphic sections of the lower, middle and upper Servilleta Basalt collected in the Rio Grande gorge at two locations 19 km apart. Flows from the lower and middle members in the southern gorge record reversed polarities, while those in Garapata Canyon are normal with an excursion event in the middle of the sequence. The uppermost flows of the upper member at both sites display normal directions. Although these sections correlate chemically, they seem to represent different magnetic time periods during the Gilbert Reversed-Polarity Chron. The data suggest the Taos Plateau volcanic field, showing no rotation and some flattening in the south and east, has acted as a stable buttress and has been downwarped by overriding of the southeastern end of the plateau by the Picuris Mountains, which make up the northern corner of the counter-clockwise rotating Espanola block.

Brown, Laurie L.; Caffall, Nancy M.; Golombek, Matthew P.

1993-01-01

101

Comparisons of Scatterometer and TAO Winds Reveal Time-Varying Surface Currents for the Tropical Pacific Ocean*  

E-print Network

Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) anemometer and QuikSCAT scatterom- eter winds are analyzed over a period of 3 yr. Systematic differences are expected owing to ocean currents because the anemometer measures absolute air are generated and no wind is mea- sured. An anemometer, on the other hand, measures the motion of the air

Johnson, Gregory C.

102

Conductivity of a suspension of nanowires in a weakly conducting medium Tao Hu, A. Yu. Grosberg, and B. I. Shklovskii  

E-print Network

conductivity 2 1. The wires can be rigid sticks or flexible and coiled like conducting polymers. We imagineConductivity of a suspension of nanowires in a weakly conducting medium Tao Hu, A. Yu. Grosberg 2006 We study the macroscopic electrical conductivity of a composite made of straight or coiled

Minnesota, University of

103

Estimating Phosphorous Load from a Large Watershed in the Great Lakes Basin Weichun Tao, Carlo DeMarchi,  

E-print Network

Estimating Phosphorous Load from a Large Watershed in the Great Lakes Basin Weichun Tao, Carlo De to quantify watershed nutrient loads include estimating the annual or seasonal loads using simple relations sufficiently reliable for a variety of applications Keywords- Phosphorus load estimation, Saginaw Bay, Great

104

TAO, Vol. 14, No. 3, 289-298, September 2003 Earthquake Clustering Relative to Lunar Phases in Taiwan  

E-print Network

TAO, Vol. 14, No. 3, 289-298, September 2003 Earthquake Clustering Relative to Lunar Phases 14, with clustering around the full moon day being about 30% higher in frequency than that on other non-full moon days. These phenomena indicate that tidal forces caused by lunar attraction can indeed

Chen, Yuh-Ing

105

TAO, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1-10, September 2003 Earthquake Clustering Relative to Lunar Phases in Taiwan  

E-print Network

TAO, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1-10, September 2003 Earthquake Clustering Relative to Lunar Phases in Taiwan clustering of smaller earthquakes (2.5moon day being about 30% higher in frequency than that on other non-full moon days. These phenomena

Lin, Cheng-Horng

106

TUMS: Twitter-based User Modeling Service Ke Tao, Fabian Abel, Qi Gao, Geert-Jan Houben  

E-print Network

TUMS: Twitter-based User Modeling Service Ke Tao, Fabian Abel, Qi Gao, Geert-Jan Houben Web. Twitter is today's most popular micro-blogging service on the Social Web. As people discuss various fresh topics, Twitter mes- sages (tweets) can tell much about the current interests and concerns of a user

Langendoen, Koen

107

Academic Administration and Management Scenarios on the Semantic Web Feng (Barry) Tao, Shakeel A. Khoja, Hugh Davis, Andy Gravell  

E-print Network

-processable by collaboratively constructing an enriched layer of the semantic web that links educational artifacts with formalAcademic Administration and Management Scenarios on the Semantic Web Feng (Barry) Tao, Shakeel A to the academic stakeholders (teachers, students, administrators, employers) by semantically managing learning

Gravell, Andrew M.

108

The sterile 20-like kinase tao controls tissue homeostasis by regulating the hippo pathway in Drosophila adult midgut.  

PubMed

The proliferation and differentiation of adult stem cells must be tightly controlled in order to maintain resident tissue homeostasis. Dysfunction of stem cells is implicated in many human diseases, including cancer. However, the regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation is not fully understood. Here we show that the sterile-like 20 kinase, Tao, controls tissue homeostasis by regulating the Hippo pathway in the Drosophila adult midgut. Depletion of Tao in the progenitors leads to rapid intestinal stem cell (ISC) proliferation and midgut homeostasis loss. Meanwhile, we find that the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling activity and cytokine production are significantly increased, resulting in stimulated ISC proliferation. Furthermore, expression of the Hippo pathway downstream targets, Diap1 and bantam, is dramatically increased in Tao knockdown intestines. Consistently, we show that the Yorkie (Yki) acts downstream of Tao to regulate ISC proliferation. Together, our results provide insights into our understanding of the mechanisms of stem cell proliferation and tissue homeostasis control. PMID:25160975

Huang, Xudong; Shi, Lai; Cao, Jun; He, Fangfei; Li, Renling; Zhang, Yan; Miao, Shuang; Jin, Longjin; Qu, Jia; Li, Zhouhua; Lin, Xinhua

2014-08-20

109

Cation exchange in a 3D perovskite-synthesis of Ni(0.5)TaO?.  

PubMed

Reaction of NiCl2 with NaTaO3 leads the formation of the perovskite phase Ni(0.5)TaO3, via a topochemical nickel-for-sodium cation exchange in which the framework of apex-linked TaO6 octahedra present in the parent phase is retained. Neutron powder diffraction data indicate Ni(0.5)TaO3 adopts a structure analogous to the paraelectric phase of LiTaO3, with triclinic P1 crystallographic symmetry. Although Ni(0.5)TaO3 has features which make it a good candidate phase for magnetoelectric multiferroic behavior, the phase remains paramagnetic in the temperature range 15 < T (K) < 300, and detailed crystallographic characterization and analysis of SHG activity indicate it retains a centrosymmetric structure down to the lowest temperatures measured (5 K). Topochemical cation exchange reactions of 3D perovskite oxides offer the opportunity to prepare a wide range of novel metastable phases in a rational manner with a high degree of synthetic control. PMID:25050865

Amano Patino, Midori; Smith, Thomas; Zhang, Weiguo; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Hayward, Michael A

2014-08-01

110

CLASSIFICATION VIA MINIMUM INCREMENTAL CODING LENGTH (MICL) JOHN WRIGHT, YI MA AND YANGYU TAO ZHOUCHEN LIN, HEUNG-YEUNG SHUM  

E-print Network

MATLAB code and classification results are publicly available for peer evaluation at http://perception.csl.uiuc.edu/codingCLASSIFICATION VIA MINIMUM INCREMENTAL CODING LENGTH (MICL) JOHN WRIGHT, YI MA AND YANGYU TAO the minimum number of additional bits to code the test sample, subject to an allowable distortion. We

Ma, Yi

111

TAO, Vol. 16, No. 2, 285-314, June 2005 A Review on the Western North Pacific Monsoon  

E-print Network

285 TAO, Vol. 16, No. 2, 285-314, June 2005 REVIEW A Review on the Western North Pacific Monsoon and evolution charac- teristics of the western North Pacific monsoon on various time scales, in- cluding its-70-day) bands. On the interannual time scale, the monsoon is greatly modulated by and possibly feeds back

Li, Tim

112

Security Issues in the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Evangelos Kranakis P.C. van Oorschot Tao Wan  

E-print Network

component of the Internet infrastructure. In this report, we study BGP security. Specifically, we study 1Security Issues in the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Evangelos Kranakis P.C. van Oorschot Tao Wan. March 19, 2005 Abstract The Internet has become a critical communication infrastructure which we

Kranakis, Evangelos

113

TAO, Vol. 11, No. 4, 753-764, December 2000 A Rapid Method for the Determination of 137  

E-print Network

, ROC 2 Institution of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC *Corresponding, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC; E-mail: ccsu@earth.sinica.edu.tw #12;TAO, Vol. 11, No. 4, December 2000754 separated. The radiochemical method described above is not only time-consuming but also laborious. Besides, it is very

Huh, Chih-An

114

Mid-Holocene East Asian summer climate as simulated by the PMIP2 models Wang Tao a,b,c,  

E-print Network

Mid-Holocene East Asian summer climate as simulated by the PMIP2 models Wang Tao a,b,c, , Wang to analyze the East Asian summer climate during the mid-Holocene (about 6000 calendar years ago-Holocene. The multi- model ensemble showed that in East Asia, the regionally-averaged summer surface air temperature

115

Building and operating the Automated Telescope Array for the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) is a program dedicated to performing a survey of small objects (<10 km) in the trans-Neptunian Region of the Solar System by detecting the occultations of bright stars by these objects. To carry this out, we have developed an automated observatory, based on an array of four small, (50 cm), telescopes, each equipped with a 2048x2048 pixel CCD camera. The telescopes will operate in tandem fashion, coupled to a real-time analysis pipeline designed to monitor ˜ 2000 stars simultaneously at ˜ 5 Hz. This system is partially installed at a site in the central highlands of Taiwan. An overview of the system components, software architecture, and some of the challenges encountered will be presented. This project is supported by DOE (at LLNL), NASA (at UPenn), Academia Sinica (at ASIAA), NSC (at NCU), and KRF (at Yonsei).

Marshall, S.; Cook, K.; Porrata, R.; Alcock, C.; Dave, R.; Giammarco, J.; Lehner, M.; Chen, W.-P.; Lee, T.; King, S.-K.; Wang, A.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.; Byun, Y.-I.; de Pater, I.; Liang, C.; Rice, J.; Lissauer, J.

2003-05-01

116

Association of TLR7 and TSHR copy number variation with Graves' disease and Graves' ophthalmopathy in Chinese population in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background Graves’ disease (GD) and Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) are autoimmune disorders, which might be influenced by genetic factors. Copy number variation (CNV) is an important source of genomic diversity in humans, and influences disease susceptibility. This study investigated the association between CNV in the TSHR and TLR7 genes and the development of GD and GO in a Chinese population in Taiwan. Methods For this case-control study, sample from 196 healthy controls and 484 GD patients, including 203 patients with GO were studied. CNV was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using TaqMan™ probes and the relative copy number (CN) was estimated by using the comparative Ct method. Results The differences in the distribution of TSHR CNV in healthy controls and GD patients were statistically significant (p value?=?0.01). However, the difference in the distribution of TSHR CNV in the control group and the GO group was not statistically significant (p value?=?0.06). For TLR7 CNV, the results were not significantly different when we compared the distribution in healthy controls and GD patients and in healthy controls and GO patients (p values for Fisher’s exact test were 0.13 and 0.09, respectively). However, a lower than normal CNV for TLR7 (CNV?

2014-01-01

117

A genomic point mutation in the extracellular domain of the thyrotropin receptor in patients with Graves` ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Orbital and pretibial fibroblasts are targets of autoimmune attack in Graves` ophthalmopathy (GO) and pretibial dermopathy (PTD). The fibroblast autoantigen involved in these peripheral manifestations of Graves` disease and the reason for the association of GO and PTD with hyperthyroidism are unknown. RNA encoding the full-length extracellular domain of the TSH receptor has been demonstrated in orbital and dermal fibroblasts from patients with GO and normal subjects, suggesting a possible antigenic link between fibroblasts and thyrocytes. RNA was isolated from cultured orbital, pretibial, and abdominal fibroblasts obtained from patients with severe GO (n = 22) and normal subjects (n = 5). RNA was reverse transcribed, and the resulting cDNA was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction, using primers spanning overlapping regions of the entire extracellular domain of the TSH receptor. Nucleotide sequence analysis showed an A for C substitution in the first position of codon 52 in 2 of the patients, both of whom had GO, PTD, and acropachy. Genomic DNA isolated from the 2 affected patients, and not from an additional 12 normal subjects, revealed the codon 52 mutation by direct sequencing and AciI restriction enzyme digestions. In conclusion, the authors have demonstrated the presence of a genomic point mutation, leading to a threonine for proline amino acid shift in the predicted peptide, in the extracellular domain of the TSH receptor in two patients with severe GO, PTD, acropachy, and high thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin levels. RNA encoding this mutant product was demonstrated in the fibroblasts of these patients. They suggest that the TSH receptor may be an important fibroblast autoantigen in GO and PTD, and that this mutant form of the receptor may have unique immunogenic properties. 28 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Bahn, R.S.; Dutton, C.M.; Heufelder, A.E.; Sarkar, G. [Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States)] [Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States); [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Munich (Germany)

1994-02-01

118

Genetic Profiling in Graves' Disease: Further Evidence for Lack of a Distinct Genetic Contribution to Graves' Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Background Graves' disease (GD), including Graves' ophthalmopathy or orbitopathy (GO), is an autoimmune disease with an environmental and genetic component to its etiology. The genetic contribution to the GO clinical phenotype remains unclear. Previous data from our laboratory and others have suggested that GO has no specific genetic component distinct from GD itself, while other reports have occasionally appeared suggesting that polymorphisms in genes such as CTLA4 and IL23R specifically increase the risk for GO. One of the criticisms of all these reports has been the clinical definition of the GO phenotype as distinct from hyperthyroid GD devoid of clinically significant eye involvement. The objective of this study was to take advantage of a phenotypically pure group of GD patients with GO and examine a series of genes associated with GD to determine if any were more definitively associated with GO rather than Graves' thyroid disease itself. Methods To further examine whether specific susceptibility genes are associated with GO, we have performed further genetic association studies using highly characterized GO patients, many of whom had undergone orbital decompression surgery for their exophthalmos. We genotyped HLA, CTLA4, IL23R, and TSHR genes in a group of 256 Caucasian patients with severe GO (n=199) and less severe GO (n=57), and 90 patients with GD but no clinically apparent GO. Results We found that the allele and genotype frequencies were not statistically different between GO and non-GO patients for any of the genes and gene combinations assessed. Conclusions These results provide further evidence that patients with GO do not have a distinct genetic susceptibility to their eye disease and again suggest that environmental and/or epigenetic influences are at play. PMID:22663548

Latif, Rauf; Bahn, Rebecca; Davies, Terry F.

2012-01-01

119

Comparative analysis of dosimetric parameters of three different radiation techniques for patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy treated with retro-orbital irradiation  

PubMed Central

Background We would like to investigate the if IMRT produced better target coverage and dose sparing to adjacent normal structures as compared with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and lateral opposing fields (LOF) for patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy treated with retro-orbital irradiation. Methods Ten consecutive patients diagnosed with Graves’ ophthalmopathy were prospectively recruited into this study. An individual IMRT, 3DCRT and LOF plan was created for each patient. Conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI) and other dosimetric parameters of the targets and organs-at-risk (OAR) generated by IMRT were compared with the other two techniques. Results Mann–Whitney U test demonstrated that CI generated by IMRT was superior to that produced by 3DCRT and LOF (p=0.005 for both respectively). Similarly HI with IMRT was proven better than 3DCRT (p=0.007) and LOF (p=0.005). IMRT gave rise to better dose sparing to some OARs including globes, lenses and optic nerves as compared with 3DCRT but not with LOF. Conclusions IMRT, as compared with 3DCRT and LOF, was found to have a better target coverage, conformity and homogeneity and dose sparing to some surrounding structures, despite a slight increase but clinically negligible dose to other structures. Dosimetrically it might be a preferred treatment technique and a longer follow up is warranted to establish its role in routine clinical use. PMID:23181900

2012-01-01

120

Search for Small Trans-Neptunian Objects by the TAOS Project  

SciTech Connect

The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to determine the number of small icy bodies in the outer reach of the Solar System by means of stellar occultation. An array of 4 robotic small (D=0.5 m), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes have been installed at Lulin Observatory in Taiwan to simultaneously monitor some thousand of stars for such rare occultation events. Because a typical occultation event by a TNO a few km across will last for only a fraction of a second, fast photometry is necessary. A special CCD readout scheme has been devised to allow for stellar photometry taken a few times per second. Effective analysis pipelines have been developed to process stellar light curves and to correlate any possible flux changes among all telescopes. A few billion photometric measurements have been collected since the routine survey began in early 2005. Our preliminary result of a very low detection rate suggests a deficit of small TNOs down to a few km size, consistent with the extrapolation of some recent studies of larger (30-100 km) TNOs.

Chen, Wen-Ping; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F.B.; Byun, Y.I.; Chang, Y.H.; Cook, K.H.; Dave, R.; Giammarco, J.; Kim, D.W.; King, S.K.; Lee, T.; Lehner, M.; Lin,; Lin, H.C.; Lissauer, J.J.; Marshall, S.; Meinshausen, N.; Mondal, S.; de Pater, I.; Porrata, R.; /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /Arizona U.

2006-12-04

121

Search for Small Trans-Neptunian Objects by the TAOS Project  

E-print Network

The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to determine the number of small icy bodies in the outer reach of the Solar System by means of stellar occultation. An array of 4 robotic small (D=0.5 m), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes have been installed at Lulin Observatory in Taiwan to simultaneously monitor some thousand of stars for such rare occultation events. Because a typical occultation event by a TNO a few km across will last for only a fraction of a second, fast photometry is necessary. A special CCD readout scheme has been devised to allow for stellar photometry taken a few times per second. Effective analysis pipelines have been developed to process stellar light curves and to correlate any possible flux changes among all telescopes. A few billion photometric measurements have been collected since the routine survey began in early 2005. Our preliminary result of a very low detection rate suggests a deficit of small TNOs down to a few km size, consistent with the extrapolation of some recent studies of larger (30--100 km) TNOs.

W. P. Chen; C. Alcock; T. Axelrod; F. B. Bianco; Y. I. Byun; Y. H. Chang; K. H. Cook; R. Dave; J. Giammarco; D. W. Kim; S. K. King; T. Lee; M. Lehner; C. C. Lin; H. C. Lin; J. J. Lissauer; S. Marshall; N. Meinshausen; S. Mondal; I. de Pater; R. Porrata; J. Rice; M. E. Schwamb; A. Wang; S. Y. Wang; C. Y. Wen; Z. W. Zhang

2006-11-16

122

Hypoxia increases adipogenesis and affects adipocytokine production in orbital fibroblasts-a possible explanation of the link between smoking and Graves' ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

AIM To assess the effects of hypoxia on human orbital fibroblasts (OF) on adipogenesis and adipocytokine production. METHODS Human OF were derived from tissues obtained from patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and from patients without known thyroid diseases undergoing blepharoplasty. The OF were cultured separately under normoxic and hypoxic conditions. Comparisons of adipocytokine concentrations using multiplex ELISA and lipid accumulation in the cells using Oil Red O staining were subsequently performed. RESULTS There was increased adipogenesis in OF from GO subject when exposed to hypoxic culture conditions. This was not observed in OF from normal controls. Hypoxia led to an increase in leptin and a decrease in MCP-1 secretion in OF cultures. CONCLUSION Hypoxia induces adipogenesis in OF and may represent a mechanism by which smoking contributes to deterioration of GO. We also found novel changes to leptin and MCP-1 production in OF cultures exposed to hypoxia suggesting important roles of these cytokines in the disease process. PMID:24967181

Chng, Chiaw Ling; Lai, Oi Fah; Chew, Charmaine Sze-Min; Peh, Yu Pei; Fook-Chong, Stephanie Man-Chung; Seah, Lay Leng; Khoo, Daphne Hsu-Chin

2014-01-01

123

LG based decision aid for naval tactical action officer's (TAO) workstation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the increasingly NetCentric battlespace of the 21st century, Stilman Advanced Strategies Linguistic Geometry software has the potential to revolutionize the way that the Navy fights in two key areas: as a Tactical Decision Aid and for creating a relevant Common Operating Picture. Incorporating STILMAN's software into a prototype Tactical Action Officers (TAO) workstation as a Tactical Decision Aid (TDA) will allow warfighters to manage their assets more intelligently and effectively. This prototype workstation will be developed using human-centered design principles and will be an open, component-based architecture for combat control systems for future small surface combatants. It will integrate both uninhabited vehicles and onboard sensors and weapon systems across a squadron of small surface combatants. In addition, the hypergame representation of complex operations provides a paradigm for the presentation of a common operating picture to operators and personnel throughout the command hierarchy. In the hypergame technology there are game levels that span the range from the tactical to the global strategy level, with each level informing the others. This same principle will be applied to presenting the relevant common operating picture to operators. Each operator will receive a common operating picture that is appropriate for their level in the command hierarchy. The area covered by this operating picture and the level of detail contained within it will be dependent upon the specific tasks the operator is performing (supervisory vice tactical control) and the level of the operator (or command personnel) within the command hierarchy. Each level will inform the others to keep the picture concurrent and up-to-date.

Stilman, Boris; Yakhnis, Vladimir; Umanskiy, Oleg; Boyd, Ron

2005-05-01

124

Upper Limits on the Number of Small Bodies in Sedna-Like Orbits by the TAOS Project  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for occultation events by objects at distances between 100 and 1000 AU in lightcurves from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS). We searched for consecutive, shallow flux reductions in the stellar lightcurves obtained by our survey between 7 February 2005 and 31 December 2006 with a total of {approx} 4.5 x 10{sup 9} three-telescope simultaneous photometric measurements. No events were detected, allowing us to set upper limits on the number density as a function of size and distance of objects in Sedna-like orbits, using simple models.

Wang, J; Lehner, M J; Zhang, Z; Bianco, F B; Alcock, C; Chen, W; Axelrod, T; Byun, Y; Coehlo, N K; Cook, K H; Dave, R; de Pater, L; Porrata, R; Kim, D; King, S; Lee, T; Lin, H; Lissauer, J J; Marshall, S L; Protopapas, P; Rice, J A; Schwamb, M E; Wang, S; Wen, C

2009-11-13

125

Cooperative Relay Selection in Cognitive Radio Tao Jing1, Shixiang Zhu1, Hongjuan Li2, Xiuzhen Cheng2, Yan Huo1  

E-print Network

Cooperative Relay Selection in Cognitive Radio Networks Tao Jing1, Shixiang Zhu1, Hongjuan Li2, Xiuzhen Cheng2, Yan Huo1 1School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University-mail: {tjing,11120212}@bjtu.edu.cn, {hongjuan, cheng}@gwu.edu, yhuo@bjtu.edu.cn Abstract--The benefits

Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

126

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Adsorptive Media - U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at Taos, NM, Final Performance Evaluation Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report documents the activities performed and the results obtained for the EPA arsenic removal technology demonstration project at the Town of Taos in New Mexico. The main objective of the project was to evaluate the effectiveness of Severn Trent Services? (STS) SORB 33? ad...

127

Activity-Induced Protocadherin Arcadlin Regulates Dendritic Spine Number by Triggering N-Cadherin Endocytosis via TAO2? and p38 MAP Kinases  

PubMed Central

Summary Synaptic activity induces changes in the number of dendritic spines. Here, we report a pathway of regulated endocytosis triggered by arcadlin, a protocadherin induced by electroconvulsive and other excitatory stimuli in hippocampal neurons. The homophilic binding of extracellular arcadlin domains activates TAO2?, a splice variant of the thousand and one amino acid protein kinase 2, cloned here by virtue of its binding to the arcadlin intracellular domain. TAO2? is a MAPKKK that activates the MEK3 MAPKK, which phosphorylates the p38 MAPK. Activation of p38 feeds-back on TAO2?, phosphorylating a key serine required for triggering endocytosis of N-cadherin at the synapse. Arcadlin knockout increases the number of dendritic spines, and the phenotype is rescued by siRNA knockdown of N-cadherin. This pathway of regulated endocytosis of N-cadherin via protocadherin/TAO2?/MEK3/p38 provides a molecular mechanism for transducing neuronal activity into changes in synaptic morphologies. PMID:17988630

Yasuda, Shin; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Sugiura, Hiroko; Okamura, Ko; Sakaguchi, Taiki; Tran, Uyen; Takemiya, Takako; Mizoguchi, Akira; Yagita, Yoshiki; Sakurai, Takeshi; De Robertis, E.M.; Yamagata, Kanato

2008-01-01

128

Orientation selectivity in visual cortex by fluctuation-controlled criticality Louis Tao, David Cai, David W. McLaughlin, Michael J. Shelley, and Robert Shapley  

E-print Network

, David W. McLaughlin, Michael J. Shelley, and Robert Shapley doi:10.1073/pnas.0605415103 2006 Tao*, David Cai , David W. McLaughlin§ , Michael J. Shelley§ , and Robert Shapley§ Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 Contributed by David W. McLaughlin

McLaughlin, David

129

Spectrum Prediction in Cognitive Radio Networks Xiaoshuang Xing1,Tao Jing1,Wei Cheng2 Yan Huo1, Xiuzhen Cheng3  

E-print Network

Spectrum Prediction in Cognitive Radio Networks Xiaoshuang Xing1,Tao Jing1,Wei Cheng2 Yan Huo1, spectrum sharing, and spectrum mobility are four major functions of cognitive radio (CR) systems. Spectrum a better choice for managing the spectrum resource. Cognitive Radio (CR), which provides the capability

Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

130

THE TAOS PROJECT: UPPER BOUNDS ON THE POPULATION OF SMALL KUIPER BELT OBJECTS AND TESTS OF MODELS OF FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE OUTER SOLAR SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed the first 3.75 years of data from the Taiwanese American Occultation Survey (TAOS). TAOS monitors bright stars to search for occultations by Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs). This data set comprises 5 x 10{sup 5} star hours of multi-telescope photometric data taken at 4 or 5 Hz. No events consistent with KBO occultations were found in this data set. We compute the number of events expected for the Kuiper Belt formation and evolution models of Pan and Sari, Kenyon and Bromley, Benavidez and Campo Bagatin, and Fraser. A comparison with the upper limits we derive from our data constrains the parameter space of these models. This is the first detailed comparison of models of the KBO size distribution with data from an occultation survey. Our results suggest that the KBO population is composed of objects with low internal strength and that planetary migration played a role in the shaping of the size distribution.

Bianco, F. B. [Department of Physics, University of California Santa Barbara, Mail Code 9530, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States); Zhang, Z.-W.; King, S.-K.; Wang, J.-H.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Lehner, M. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Mondal, S. [Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Manora Peak, Nainital 263 129 (India); Giammarco, J. [Department of Astronomy and Physics, Eastern University, 1300 Eagle Road, Saint Davids, PA 19087 (United States); Holman, M. J.; Alcock, C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Coehlo, N. K. [Department of Statistics, University of California-Berkeley, 367 Evans Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Axelrod, T. [Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Room N204, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Byun, Y.-I.; Kim, D.-W. [Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Chen, W. P. [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, 300 Jhongda Road, Jhongli 32054, Taiwan (China); Cook, K. H. [Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94550 (United States); Dave, R. [Initiative in Innovative Computing at Harvard, 60 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); De Pater, I. [Department of Astronomy, University of California-Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Lissauer, J. J. [Space Science and Astrobiology Division 245-3, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)], E-mail: fbianco@lcogt.net (and others)

2010-04-15

131

Development of a simultaneous two-color near-infrared multi-object spectrograph SWIMS for the TAO 6.5-m telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simultaneous Color Wide-?eld Infrared Multi-object Spectrograph, SWIMS, is one of the ?rst generation in- struments for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory (TAO) 6.5m Telescope now under construction. A dichroic mirror being inserted in the collimated beam, it is capable of two-color simultaneous imaging with FoV of 9:16? or R ˜ 1000 multi-object spectroscopy at 0.9-2.5?m wavelength range in one shot, and enables us to carry out e?cient NIR imaging/spectroscopic survey of objects such as distant galaxies and young stellar objects. All the major components have been fabricated and we will start integration and laboratory cool-down test in the summer of 2014. After the engineering and initial science observations at the Subaru telescope, SWIMS will be transported to TAO telescope and see the ?rst light in 2018.

Motohara, Kentaro; Konishi, Masahiro; Takahashi, Hidenori; Tateuchi, Ken; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Todo, Soya; Kato, Natsuko M.; Ohsawa, Ryou; Aoki, Tsutomu; Asano, Kentaro; Doi, Mamoru; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Koshida, Shintaro; Minezaki, Takeo; Miyata, Takashi; Morokuma, Tomoki; Okada, Kazushi; Sako, Shigeyuki; Soyano, Takao; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanabe, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2014-07-01

132

The TAOS Project: Upper Bounds on the Population of Small Kuiper Belt Objects and Tests of Models of Formation and Evolution of the Outer Solar System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have analyzed the first 3.75 years of data from the Taiwanese American Occultation Survey (TAOS). TAOS monitors bright stars to search for occultations by Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs). This data set comprises 5 × 105 star hours of multi-telescope photometric data taken at 4 or 5 Hz. No events consistent with KBO occultations were found in this data set. We compute the number of events expected for the Kuiper Belt formation and evolution models of Pan & Sari, Kenyon & Bromley, Benavidez & Campo Bagatin, and Fraser. A comparison with the upper limits we derive from our data constrains the parameter space of these models. This is the first detailed comparison of models of the KBO size distribution with data from an occultation survey. Our results suggest that the KBO population is composed of objects with low internal strength and that planetary migration played a role in the shaping of the size distribution.

Bianco, F. B.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Lehner, M. J.; Mondal, S.; King, S.-K.; Giammarco, J.; Holman, M. J.; Coehlo, N. K.; Wang, J.-H.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; de Pater, I.; Kim, D.-W.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S. L.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2010-04-01

133

Electrochemical oxidation of tannic acid contaminated wastewater by RuO2\\/IrO2\\/TaO2?coated titanium and graphite anodes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrochemical oxidation of tannic acid contaminated wastewater by RuO2\\/IrO2\\/TaO2?coated titanium and graphite anodes has been investigated. The effect of the process variables, such as initial pH, current density, processing time, concentration of the electrolyte and anode materials, on the degradation of tannic acid was studied. During the various stages of electrolysis, parameters such as COD, chloride ion concentration and

M. Govindaraj; M. Muthukumar; G. Bhaskar Raju

2010-01-01

134

Usefulness of TAO model to predict and manage the transformation in soil of carbon and nitrogen forms from West-Africa urban solid wastes.  

PubMed

The TAO model of Transformation of Added Organic materials (AOM) calibrated on AOMs and substrates of temperate areas was used to assess the transformations in soil of carbon and nitrogen forms of AOMs: raw materials, selected mixtures and composts from Ouagadougou urban wastes. AOMs were studied in terms of chemical and biochemical contents and for their C and N mineralization during incubations in a typical Ferric Lixisol of the sub-urban agriculture of Ouagadougou. The TAO model was used to predict the transformations of C (very labile, resistant and stable organic C) and N (very labile, resistant and stable organic N, produced and immobilized inorganic N) forms driven by AOM biochemical data. Without any change in calibration formulae, TAO predicted accurately the C transformations and inorganic N production of most of the tested AOMs, with a tendency to slightly overestimate C mineralization of previously well-composted materials and re-mineralization of immobilized N. Complementary adjustments using more complete data from laboratory experiments are suggested, but the model agrees with other data collected in the field and appears as a promising tool to optimise the management of urban wastes in the tropical area as well as for agro industrial organic fertilizers of the temperate zone. This application suggests ways to improve the management of urban wastes aiming to optimize agricultural yields, system sustainability and C sequestration in soil. PMID:20851592

Kaboré, W T; Pansu, M; Hien, E; Houot, S; Zombré, N P; Masse, D

2011-01-01

135

Perfomance verification of the ground-based mid-infrared camera MAX38 on the MiniTAO Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have evaluated on-sky performances of a mid-infrared camera MAX38 (Mid-infrared Astronomical eXploerer) on the miniTAO 1-meter telescope. A Strehl ratio at the N-band is estimated to be 0.7-0.8, and it reaches to 0.9 at the 37.7 micron, indicating that diffraction limited angular resolution is almost achieved at the wavelength range from 8 to 38 micron. System efficiencies at the N and the Q-band are estimated with photometry of standard stars. The sensitivity at the 30 micron cannot be exactly estimated because there are no standard stars bright enough. We use the sky brightness instead. The estimated efficiencies at the 8.9, 18.7, and 31.7 micron are 4%, 3%, 15% , respectively. One-sigma sensitivity in 1 sec integration of each filter is also evaluated. These give good agreements with the designed values. Preliminary scientific results are briefly reported.

Asano, Kentaro; Miyata, Takashi; Sako, Shigeyuki; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Yoneda, Mizuki; Kataza, Hirokazu; Yoshii, Yuzuru; Doi, Mamoru; Kohno, Kotaro; Kawara, Kimiaki; Tanaka, Masuo; Motohara, Kentaro; Tanabe, Toshihiko; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Tamura, Yoichi; Aoki, Tsutomu; Soyano, Takao; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Kato, Natsuko; Konishi, Masahiro; Koshida, Shintaro; Takahashi, Hidenori; Handa, Toshihiro; Tateuchi, Ken

2012-09-01

136

Human fibrocytes coexpress thyroglobulin and thyrotropin receptor  

PubMed Central

Thyroglobulin (Tg) is the macromolecular precursor of thyroid hormones and is thought to be uniquely expressed by thyroid epithelial cells. Tg and the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) are targets for autoantibody generation in the autoimmune disorder Graves disease (GD). Fully expressed GD is characterized by thyroid overactivity and orbital tissue inflammation and remodeling. This process is known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Early reports suggested that in TAO, both Tg and TSHR become overexpressed in orbital tissues. Previously, we found that CD34+ progenitor cells, known as fibrocytes, express functional TSHR, infiltrate the orbit, and comprise a large subset of orbital fibroblasts in TAO. We now report that fibrocytes also express Tg, which resolves as a 305-kDa protein on Western blots. It can be immunoprecipitated with anti-Tg Abs. Further, 125iodine and [35S]methionine are incorporated into Tg expressed by fibrocytes. De novo Tg synthesis is attenuated with a specific small interfering RNA targeting the protein. A fragment of the Tg gene promoter fused to a luciferase reporter exhibits substantial activity when transfected into fibrocytes. Unlike fibrocytes, GD orbital fibroblasts, which comprise a mixture of CD34+ and CD34? cells, express much lower levels of Tg and TSHR. When sorted into pure CD34+ and CD34? subsets, Tg and TSHR mRNA levels become substantially higher in CD34+ cells. These findings indicate that human fibrocytes express multiple “thyroid-specific” proteins, the levels of which are reduced after they infiltrate tissue. Our observations establish the basis for Tg accumulation in orbital GD. PMID:22517745

Fernando, Roshini; Atkins, Stephen; Raychaudhuri, Nupur; Lu, Ying; Li, Bin; Douglas, Raymond S.; Smith, Terry J.

2012-01-01

137

Conundrums in the legal protection of migrant workers' health rights and relative resolutions: implications from the case of Tseng Hei-tao.  

PubMed

The deteriorating situation of migrant workers' health rights protection was once again highlighted in the case of Tseng Hei-tao. This case explicitly and implicitly showed that four conundrums--the Employment Restriction Conundrum, the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Legal Conundrum, the Morality Conundrum and the Identity Conundrum--are barriers to migrant workers' right protection. The health rights of migrant workers could be safeguarded by abolishing the outdated household registration system designed in the planned economy era, improving the rule of law, and strengthening administrative supervisions. This would fundamentally remove these barriers and thus contribute to migrant workers' health rights protection. PMID:23073738

Liu, Kai

2013-08-01

138

Digital data and derivative products from a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey of the central San Luis basin, covering parts of Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, and Rio Grande counties, Colorado, and Taos county, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes data collected from a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey flown over the central San Luis basin during October, 2004, by PRJ, Inc., on contract to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The survey extends from just north of Alamosa, Colorado, southward to just northwest of Taos, New Mexico. It covers large parts of the San Luis Valley in Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, and Rio Grande Counties, southern Colorado, and the Taos Plateau in Taos County, northern New Mexico. The survey was designed to complement two surveys previously acquired along the eastern borders of the San Luis Basin over the vicinities of Taos, New Mexico (Bankey and others, 2004a) and Blanca, Colorado (Bankey and others, 2004b). Our overall objective in conducting these surveys is to improve knowledge of the subsurface geologic framework in order to understand ground-water systems in populated alluvial basins along the Rio Grande. These USGS efforts are conducted in collaboration with other federal, state, and local governmental entities where possible.

Bankey, Viki; Grauch, V. J. S.; Webbers, Ank; PRJ, Inc.

2005-01-01

139

SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L. Erickson1, Carlos F. M. Coimbra2 and Alberto E. Cerpa1  

E-print Network

SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L data for ground solar irradiance (direct normal and global irradiance) is a major obstacle for the de- velopment of adequate policies to promote and take advan- tage of existing solar technologies. Although

Cerpa, Alberto E.

140

Two fluoride-containing oxotantalates(V) of the light lanthanides: NdFTa 2O 6 and La 3Cl 3TaO 5F  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Both NdFTa 2O 6 and La 3Cl 3TaO 5F were obtained as by-products in attempts to synthesize NdFSO 4 and LaFCl 2, respectively. In order to obtain NdFSO 4, LiF and Nd 2(SO 4) 3 were heated for 7 days at 870 °C in gas-tightly sealed tantalum ampoules, protected by fused silica secondary containers. Transparent, pale violet, octahedral crystals of NdFTa 2O 6 are randomly found in the bulk, which remain stable when exposed to moist air and water. As the mineral pyrochlore (Na,Ca) 2(O,OH,F)Nb 2O 6, this novel neodymium(III) fluoride oxotantalate(V) crystallizes in the cubic space group Fd3¯m (no. 227) with a = 1040.26(8) pm and Z = 8. The structure is built by two sub-frameworks. One consists of [TaO 6] 7- octahedra ( d(Ta-O) = 197 pm), which share all their vertices according to {[}?3, while Nd 3+ and F - form an anti- ?-cristobalite type framework of vertex-connected [FNd 4] 11+ tetrahedra with the formula {[}?3. However, in order to maintain electroneutrality, the crystallographic site of Nd 3+ has to be half-occupied only. The Nd 3+ cations show an eightfold coordination by two F - and six O 2- anions arranged in the shape of a distorted cube with distances like d(Nd-F) = 225 pm and d(Nd-O) = 264 pm. The F - anions formally exhibit a tetrahedral environment of Nd 3+, but owing to the half-occupation of the Nd 3+ site only a twofold coordination for F - results, displaying a bent conformation with an ideal tetrahedral angle. La 3Cl 3TaO 5F was obtained as transparent, colourless needles from apparently oxygen-contaminated LaCl 3-LaF 3 mixtures in silica-mantled sealed tantalum capsules (900 °C, 10 days) as well. This compound crystallizes hexagonally in space group P6 3/ m (no. 176) with a = 947.14(7) pm, c = 548.56(4) pm and Z = 2. The La 3+ cations realize a coordination number of ten and the tetracapped trigonal prisms consist of six oxygen ligands ( d(La-O) = 244-269 pm) and four Cl - anions ( d(La-Cl) = 301-307 pm) each. Surprisingly, the Ta 5+ cations are coordinated by one F - and five O 2- anions in the shape of isolated trigonal prisms [TaO 5F] 6- with six equal distances d(Ta-O/F) = 199 pm. The unique oxygen position is therefore shared with F - anions in the ratio of 5:1.

Janka, Oliver; Schleid, Thomas

2009-11-01

141

Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The Chinese medicine formulation ISF-1 (also known as Bu-Yang-Huan-Wu-Tang) for post-stroke rehabilitation could increase the expression of growth-regulating protein follistatin by approximately 4-fold. This study aims to identify the active compounds of ISF-1 for the induction of follistatin expression. Methods Active compounds in ISF-1 responsible for induction of follistatin were identified by a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure involving liquid-liquid extraction, HPLC separation and RT-PCR detection. The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR. The concentrations of isolated compounds were proportionally normalized to the reported IC50 concentration (5.8 mg/mL) of the formulation ISF-1 in HepG2. The active fractions were characterized by reverse-phase HPLC on a C18 column and identified by mass spectrometry. Results Three ingredients of ISF-1, namely S. Persicae (Tao Ren), Pheretima (Di Long), and Flos Carthami (Hong Hua), induced the expression of follistatin mRNA. Among these, the ingredient S. Persicae were the most active, and amygdalin from S. Persicae extract was identified as a novel follistatin inducer. Amygdalin stimulated the growth of skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusions Amygdalin isolated from S. Persicae extract in ISF-1 through a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure induced the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines. PMID:25237385

2014-01-01

142

Neuroprotection by the Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang, against Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion-Induced Cerebral Ischemia in Rats  

PubMed Central

Tao-Hong-Si-Wu-Tang (THSWT) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TMC). In the present study, oral administration of THSWT (0.7 and 1.4?g kg?1day?1) for 14 days before MCAO dose-dependently attenuated focal cerebral ischemia in rats. MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia was associated with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1?, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-?, and active caspase-3 expressions in ischemic regions. These expressions were obviously inhibited by 0.7?g kg?1day?1 THSWT treatment. In addition, THSWT inhibited platelet aggregation stimulated by collagen in washed platelets. In an in vivo study, THSWT (16?g kg?1) significantly prolonged platelet plug formation in mice. However, THSWT (20 and 40??g mL?1) did not significantly reduce the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal intensity of hydroxyl radical (OH•) formation. In conclusion, the most important findings of this study demonstrate for the first time that THSWT possesses potent neuroprotective activity against MCAO-induced focal cerebral ischemia in vivo. This effect may be mediated, at least in part, by the inhibition of both HIF-1? and TNF-? activation, followed by the inhibition of inflammatory responses (i.e., iNOS expression), apoptosis formation (active caspase-3), and platelet activation, resulting in a reduction in the infarct volume in ischemia-reperfusion brain injury. PMID:21076527

Wu, Chih-Jen; Chen, Jui-Tai; Yen, Ting-Lin; Jayakumar, Thanasekaran; Chou, Duen-Suey; Hsiao, George; Sheu, Joen-Rong

2011-01-01

143

Revised specifications and current development status of MIMIZUKU: the mid-infrared instrument for the TAO 6.5-m telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MIMIZUKU is the first-generation mid-infrared instrument for the TAO 6.5-m telescope. It challenges to prove the origin of dust and the formation of planets with its unique capabilities, wide wavelength coverage and precise calibration capability. The wide wavelength coverage (2-38 ?m) is achieved by three switchable cameras, NIR, MIR-S, and MIR-L. The specifications of the cameras are revised. A 5?m-cuto? HAWAII-1RG is decided to be installed in the NIR camera. The optical design of the MIR-L camera is modified to avoid detector saturation. Its final F-number is extended from 5.2 to 10.5. With these modifications, the field of view of the NIR and MIR-L camera becomes 1.2' × 1.2' and 31" × 31", respectively. The sensitivity of each camera is estimated based on the revised specifications. The precise calibration is achieved by the "Field Stacker" mechanism, which enables the simultaneous observation of the target and the calibration object in di?erent fields. The up-and-down motion of the cryostat (~ 1 t), critical for the Field Stacker, is confirmed to have enough speed (4 mm/s) and position accuracy (~ 50 ?m). A control panel for the Field Stacker is completed, and its controllers are successfully installed. The current specifications and the development status are reported.

Kamizuka, Takafumi; Miyata, Takashi; Sako, Shigeyuki; Ohsawa, Ryou; Asano, Kentaro; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Okada, Kazushi; Uchiyama, Masahito; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Sakon, Itsuki; Onaka, Takashi; Kataza, Hirokazu; Aoki, Tsutomu; Doi, Mamoru; Kato, Natsuko M.; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kohno, Kotaro; Konishi, Masahiro; Koshida, Shintaro; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Motohara, Kentaro; Soyano, Takao; Takahashi, Hidenori; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Tateuchi, Ken; Todo, Soya; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2014-07-01

144

Massively Parallel Assimilation of TOGA/TAO and Topex/Poseidon Measurements into a Quasi Isopycnal Ocean General Circulation Model Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A massively parallel ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF)is used to assimilate temperature data from the TOGA/TAO array and altimetry from TOPEX/POSEIDON into a Pacific basin version of the NASA Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Project (NSIPP)ls quasi-isopycnal ocean general circulation model. The EnKF is an approximate Kalman filter in which the error-covariance propagation step is modeled by the integration of multiple instances of a numerical model. An estimate of the true error covariances is then inferred from the distribution of the ensemble of model state vectors. This inplementation of the filter takes advantage of the inherent parallelism in the EnKF algorithm by running all the model instances concurrently. The Kalman filter update step also occurs in parallel by having each processor process the observations that occur in the region of physical space for which it is responsible. The massively parallel data assimilation system is validated by withholding some of the data and then quantifying the extent to which the withheld information can be inferred from the assimilation of the remaining data. The distributions of the forecast and analysis error covariances predicted by the ENKF are also examined.

Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele; Borovikov, Anna Y.; Suarez, Max

1999-01-01

145

3D-MRI rendering of the anatomical structures related to acupuncture points of the Dai mai, Yin qiao mai and Yang qiao mai meridians within the context of the WOMED concept of lateral tension: implications for musculoskeletal disease  

PubMed Central

Background A conceptual model of lateral muscular tension in patients presenting thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) has been recently described. Clinical improvement has been achieved by using acupuncture on points belonging to the so-called extraordinary meridians. The aim of this study was to characterize the anatomical structures related to these acupuncture points by means of 3D MRI image rendering relying on external markers. Methods The investigation was carried out the index case patient of the lateral tension model. A licensed medical acupuncture practitioner located the following acupuncture points: 1) Yin qiao mai meridian (medial ankle): Kidney 3, Kidney 6, the plantar Kidney 6 (Nan jing description); 2) Yang qiao mai meridian (lateral ankle): Bladder 62, Bladder 59, Bladder 61, and the plantar Bladder 62 (Nan jing description); 3) Dai mai meridian (wait): Liver 13, Gall bladder 26, Gall bladder 27, Gall bladder 28, and Gall bladder 29. The points were marked by taping a nitro-glycerin capsule on the skin. Imaging was done on a Siemens Magnetom Avanto MR scanner using an array head and body coil. Mainly T1-weighted imaging sequences, as routinely used for patient exams, were used to obtain multi-slice images. The image data were rendered in 3D modus using dedicated software (Leonardo, Siemens). Results Points of the Dai mai meridian – at the level of the waist – corresponded to the obliquus externus abdominis and the obliquus internus abdominis. Points of the Yin qiao mai meridian – at the medial side of the ankle – corresponded to tendinous structures of the flexor digitorum longus as well as to muscular structures of the abductor hallucis on the foot sole. Points of the Yang qiao mai meridian – at the lateral side of the ankle – corresponded to tendinous structures of the peroneus brevis, the peroneous longus, and the lateral surface of the calcaneus and close to the foot sole to the abductor digiti minimi. Conclusion This non-invasive MRI investigation has revealed the anatomical relations of acupuncture points belonging to 3 of the so-called extraordinary meridians. We conclude that the clinically developed "WOMED concept of lateral tension" is related to tendino-muscular structures. PMID:17425796

Moncayo, Roy; Rudisch, Ansgar; Kremser, Christian; Moncayo, Helga

2007-01-01

146

Weighted Consensus Clustering Tao Li Chris Ding  

E-print Network

are carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of the weighted consensus clustering. 1 Introduction meaning. The brute-force voting by highly divergent parties is not stable: the results could drift recent work [16], we show that consensus clustering problems can be formulated within Non-negative matrix

Li, Tao

147

Personalized Privacy Preservation Xiaokui Xiao Yufei Tao  

E-print Network

methods focus on a universal approach that exerts the same amount of preservation for all persons, with discover the identities of all patients by joining the two tables on {Age, Sex, Zipcode}. These three at of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies

Tao, Yufei

148

Personalized Privacy Preservation Xiaokui Xiao Yufei Tao  

E-print Network

approach that exerts the same amount of preservation for all persons, with- out catering for their concrete patients by joining the two tables on {Age, Sex, Zipcode}. These three at- tributes are, therefore of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies

Tian, Qi

149

TAOS: Testing with Analysis and Oracle Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few would question that software testing is a necessary activity for assuring software quality, yet the typical testing process is a human intensive activity and as such, it is unproductive, error-prone, and often inadequately done. Moreover, testing is seldom given a prominent place in software development or maintenance processes, nor is it an integral part of them. Major productivity and

Debra J. Richardson

1994-01-01

150

Thyroid-like ophthalmopathy in a euthyroid patient receiving ipilimumab.  

PubMed

Abstract A 68-year-old lady with metastatic malignant melanoma was treated with Ipilimumab. She presented to Eye Casualty unable to move her eyes. Physical examination confirmed ophthalmoplegia and identified proptosis bilaterally. Radiological imaging showed bilateral enlargement of all the extra-ocular muscles suggestive of thyroid eye disease. Laboratory investigations found this patient to be euthyroid. A diagnosis of thyroid-like orbitopathy secondary to Ipilimumab therapy was made. Thyroid function tests should be performed for all patients prior to their commencement of Ipilimumab. Thyroid-like eye disease may develop in patients treated with Ipilimumab even if they remain euthyroid. PMID:25207976

McElnea, Elizabeth; Ní Mhéalóid, Aine; Moran, Sarah; Kelly, Rory; Fulcher, Tim

2014-12-01

151

[Graves' ophthalmopathy: diagnosis and highlights on etiopathogenesis and treatment].  

PubMed

It's due to extraocular tissues enlargement: extraocular muscles. Thyroid stimulating receptor antibodies were first incriminated. However, Graves' proptosis can appear several months or years before development of goiter or thyrotoxicosis. Different treatment are possible: glucocorticoids, radiotherapy, surgical orbitary decompression, classical surgery. Treatment of hyperthyroidism has to be undertaken similarly. Classically, surgical or medical treatment with antithyroid drugs were indicated. PMID:12793063

Kamoun, Myrvat; Abid, Hafaoua; Lamine, Faïza; Slimane, Hédia; Haddad, Ali

2003-03-01

152

77 FR 59703 - Environmental Impact Statement; Taos Regional Airport, Taos, NM  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reflect and allow construction of a new runway and other associated airport projects...and provide funding for a proposed new Runway 12/30 measuring 8,600- foot by 100-foot, a full length parallel taxiway, runway lighting, navigational aids,...

2012-09-28

153

2012 European Thyroid Association Guidelines for Genetic Testing and Its Clinical Consequences in Medullary Thyroid Cancer  

PubMed Central

Twenty-five percent of medullary thyroid cancers (MTC) are familial and inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Three different phenotypes can be distinguished: multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) types 2A and 2B, in which the MTC is associated with other endocrine neoplasias, and familial MTC (FMTC), which occurs in isolation. The discovery that germline RET oncogene activating mutations are associated with 95–98% of MEN 2/FMTC syndromes and the availability of genotyping to identify mutations in affected patients and their relatives has revolutionized the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies available for the management of these patients. All patients with MTC, both those with a positive familial history and those apparently sporadic, should be submitted to RET genetic screening. Once an RET mutation has been confirmed in an index patient, first-degree relatives should be screened rapidly to identify the 50% who inherited the mutation and are therefore at risk for development of MTC. Relatives in whom no RET mutation is identified can be reassured and discharged from further follow-up, whereas RET-positive subjects (i.e. gene carriers) must be investigated and a therapeutic strategy initiated. These guideline recommendations are derived from the most recent studies identifying phenotype-genotype correlations following the discovery of causative RET gene mutations in MEN 2 eighteen years ago. Three major points will be discussed: (a) identification of patients and relatives who should have genetic screening for RET mutations, (b) management of asymptomatic gene carriers, and (c) ethics. PMID:24783025

Elisei, R.; Alevizaki, M.; Conte-Devolx, B.; Frank-Raue, K.; Leite, V.; Williams, G.R.

2013-01-01

154

Gallium-67 uptake by the thyroid associated with progressive systemic sclerosis  

SciTech Connect

Although thyroidal uptake of gallium-67 has been described in several thyroid disorders, gallium-67 scanning is not commonly used in the evaluation of thyroid disease. Thyroidal gallium-67 uptake has been reported to occur frequently with subacute thyroiditis, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and thyroid lymphoma, and occasionally with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and follicular thyroid carcinoma. A patient is described with progressive systemic sclerosis who, while being scanned for possible active pulmonary involvement, was found incidentally to have abnormal gallium-67 uptake only in the thyroid gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid revealed Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Although Hashimoto's thyroiditis occurs with increased frequency in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis, thyroidal uptake of gallium-67 associated with progressive systemic sclerosis has not, to our knowledge, been previously described. Since aggressive thyroid malignancies frequently are imaged by gallium-67 scintigraphy, fine needle aspiration cytology of the thyroid often is essential in the evaluation of thyroidal gallium-67 uptake.

Sjoberg, R.J.; Blue, P.W.; Kidd, G.S.

1989-01-01

155

Hashimoto's thyroiditis associated Evans syndrome: A rare case report on the clustered autoimmune disease triad  

PubMed Central

Evans syndrome is a rare combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. Their association with autoimmune thyroid diseases has been reported by few authors; however, a sequential development of the Evans syndrome in cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis is extremely rare. The clustering of these autoimmune diseases might share a common pathogenic pathway. We present the fourth such case in world literature, of a 34-year-old female diagnosed with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in 2006, who has been taking synthetic thyroid hormone since then. Her condition is now clinically complicated with the development of the Evans syndrome. PMID:23961497

Koti, Kalyan; Thumma, Rayapa Reddy; Nagarajan, Swathanthra; Mathi, Atchyuta

2013-01-01

156

Yan Qiao, Shigang Chen, Tao Li RFID as an Infrastructure  

E-print Network

the problems of tag estimation and information collection from RFID systems, and explains the challenges is RFID? RFID (radio-frequency identification) is the use of a wireless non-contact system that uses radio systems have gain more and more attention from both the research community and the industry. A typical

Chen, Shigang

157

Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu  

E-print Network

bootstrapping via semi-automatic acquisition of domain ontologies ­ an innovative methodology, based on state. Augmentation and integration of legacy content relative to the domain ontologies to enable ontology-based ones. The main innovative aspect of the transitioning environment is the introduction of automation

Bontcheva, Kalina

158

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

and maintenance of the buoys is performed by NDBC contracted personnel on an annual basis utilizing the NOAA Ship.1 CRUISE LEAD AND PARTICIPATING SCIENTISTS: Cruise Lead: Brian Lake, Leg 1 and Dr. Richard Crout, Leg 2 Participating Scientists: Name Gender Nationality Affiliation Brian Lake, Leg 1 M US NOAA/NDBC Dr. Richard Crout

159

New Applications of the Incompressibility Method Tao Jiang \\Lambda  

E-print Network

, Hamilton, Ont L8S 4K1, Canada. Email: jiang@maccs.mcmaster.ca y Supported in part by the NSERC Research) encoded in binary, which prints x without an input. A similar definition holds conditionally, in the sense that C(xjy) is the length of the shortest binary program which computes x on input y. Kolmogorov

Vitanyi, Paul M.B.

160

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/Fouled: None. Fishing/Vandalism: None #12;General Comments: Replaced the rain gauge, the buoy was riding well Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Downloaded: All sensors successfully downloaded

161

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

, 140m T SN# 13417. Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Downloaded: All sensors downloaded and fouled, Broken mount at 180m Fishing/Vandalism: Tower was unbolted and missing, long line gear on third

162

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/Equipment Lost at Sea: N/A Sensors Damaged/Fouled: TP500 broken module mount. #12;Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/14/2012 Sensors/Equipment Lost at Sea: None Sensors Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments: Replaced anemometer and ATRH sensor

163

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

, anemometer, and TP300 Sensors Damaged/Fouled: TP300 broken module mount Fishing/Vandalism: Yes #12;Sensors/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments: Divers dropped T20 sensor during the repair. Site Sensor/Equipment Lost at Sea: None Sensors Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments: Rain gauge

164

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Not Downloaded: None General Comments: Replaced anemometer, rain gauge, and T. T20 ­ T60 fouled Fishing/Vandalism: Long line gear between 180m and 300m, around 500m sensors collector broken off rain gauge. Fishing/Vandalism: Cuts in nilspin at 20m and 300m. Sensors

165

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/22/2011 Sensors/Equipment Lost at Sea: None Sensors Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments/22/2011 Previous Repair Date: 9/5/2010 Sensors/Equipment Lost at Sea: All Sensors Damaged/Fouled: N/A Fishing/Vandalism: Vandalism Possible Sensors/Tubes Downloaded: None General Comments: Transmissions ceased suddenly on 10

166

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/Equipment Lost at Sea: T180 Sensors Damaged/Fouled: SSC, T20 Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Downloaded/Fouled: SSC, T20, T60, T140 fouled. Fishing/Vandalism: Fishing gear present around buoy and on Nilspin, floats

167

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/Fouled: N/A Fishing/Vandalism: N/A Sensors/Tubes Downloaded: No Sensors recovered. General Comments: No buoy. Fishing/Vandalism: There was some long line gear found tangled in the nilspin. Sensors/Tubes Downloaded

168

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

-T4 fouled with barnacles Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Downloaded: T140 could broken post recovery, SSC and T40 fouled with barnacles. Fishing/Vandalism: None Sensors/Tubes Downloaded/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments: 4 of 10 subsurface sensors not reporting

169

TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE-OCEAN (TAO) PROGRAM FINAL CRUISE REPORT  

E-print Network

/25/2011 Sensors/Equipment Lost at Sea: None Sensors Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments Fishing Vandalism: None General Comments: Installed new SSC. Old SSC was left on bridle. Site Sensor/26/2011 Previous Repair Date: 10/9/10 Sensors/Equipment Lost at Sea: None Sensors Damaged/Fouled: None Fishing/Vandalism

170

Taos Pueblo: an indigenous community holding on to Promethean values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to give an account – using photographs as well as words – to describe a North American indigenous community that is retaining pre-contact Promethean values. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper adopts as its approach ethnographic literature and field interviews coupled with extensive photography. Findings – Entrepreneurship may be linked to Promethean values, a characteristic of Pueblo

Leo Paul Dana; Robert Brent Anderson

2007-01-01

171

75 FR 71414 - Questa Ranger District, Carson National Forest; Taos County, NM; Taos Ski Valley's 2010 Master...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and snowshoeing trails); and a lift-served mountain biking trail...permit area. These needs are: 1. Lift service to high-alpine, advanced intermediate...activities. 4. A more efficient lift network. 5. Better resort...

2010-11-23

172

Ultrafast consensus via predictive mechanisms Hai-Tao Zhang, Michael ZhiQiang Chen, Tao Zhou and  

E-print Network

- Leicester LE1 7RH, UK, EU 4 Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan 430074, PRC 2 Department of Engineering alignment of satellite clusters, congestion control of communication networks, multi-agent formation control

Cambridge, University of

173

Request-Aware Scheduling for Busy Internet Jingyu Zhou Caijie Zhang Tao Yang Lingkun Chu  

E-print Network

propose a new size-adaptive request-aware scheduling algorithm called SRQ with dynamic feedbacks to control queue properties and have implemented SRQ in the Linux kernel level. Our experimental results requests is minimized. Our new SRQ algorithm combines multi-level feedbacks with soft deadlines, and has

Yang, Tao

174

Turtle Geometry in Computer Graphics and Computer Aided Design Ron Goldman, Scott Schaefer, Tao Ju  

E-print Network

programming to help introduce college students to some standard concepts in computer graphics and computer Department of Computer Science Rice University 6100 Main Street Houston, Texas 77005-1892 rng aided design to undergraduate and graduate students in colleges and universities. We shall show how

Schaefer, Scott

175

Gaussian Process Regression for Optimization Daniel Lizotte Tao Wang Michael Bowling Dale Schuurmans  

E-print Network

in an intuitive way using a Gaussian process model, and show how such a model can be used to direct the search parameters for the Sony AIBO ERS­7, showing promising results using fewer function evaluations than other velocity over the `walk­parameter' space of the Sony AIBO robot dog. The optimization techniques applied

Schuurmans, Dale

176

Enforcing Resource Sharing Agreements among Distributed Server Clusters Tao Zhao and Vijay Karamcheti  

E-print Network

Karamcheti Department of Computer Science Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences New York University, with resource access governed by agreements between the own- ers and users of these servers. Such systems raise governed by resource sharing agreements (also called Ser- vice Level Agreements, SLAs) between owners

Karamcheti, Vijay

177

TAO: a High-performance ORB Endsystem Architecture for Real-time CORBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many application domains (such as avionics, telecommuni- cations, and multimedia) require real-time guarantees from the underlying networks, operating systems, and middle- ware components to achieve their quality of service (QoS) requirements. In addition to providing end-to-end QoS guar- antees, applications in these domains must be flexible and reusable. Requirements for flexibility and reusability moti- vate the use of object-oriented middleware

Douglas C. Schmidt; Aniruddha Gokhale; Timothy H. Harrison; David Levine; Chris Cleeland

178

Identifying the Missing Tags in a Large RFID System Tao Li Shigang Chen  

E-print Network

, Performance Keywords RFID, Missing-tag Detection and Identification 1. INTRODUCTION RFID (radio, shoes, pallets, cases, appliances, electronics, etc.) is missing due to theft, administrative error and vendor fraud. A fully automated counting procedure that can be frequently performed will be greatly

Chen, Shigang

179

Comparison of TRMM rainfall retrievals with rain gauge data from the TAO/TRITON buoy array  

E-print Network

) Microwave Imager (TMI) and Precipitation Radar (PR) are compared with in situ measurements by rain gauges of the available ground truth data in that they are not influenced by the local meteorological effects of islands Rainfall Measuring Mission [2] The release of latent heat by condensation of water vapor is a major

180

Adventures in Data Analysis: The TAO Array and the 1997–1998 El Niño  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional undergraduate education in earth sciences does not emphasize data acquisition, analysis, or assessment. However, arrival of the information age dictates that earth sciences graduates be imbued with fundamental skills to organize, evaluate and process large data sets. Fortunately, the proliferation of remotely sensed data and its availability via the Internet provides many opportunities for earth science educators to meet

Stephen K. Boss

2000-01-01

181

Psychotherapy, Science, and Spirit: Nonlinear Systems, Hakomi Therapy, and the Tao  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how contemporary science may inform psychotherapies that also allow for concepts of “Spirit.” Hakomi therapy is used as one example for exploring such an integration. The discussion begins with tenants from the philosophy of science outlined by Bateson and Wilber, and how Hakomi therapy incorporates them into therapeutic principles also influenced by Buddhism and Taoism. These metaprinciples

Gregory J. Johanson

2009-01-01

182

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2008.19.1-2.163(SA) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

. IntroductIon Astronomical tides, which are generated by the gravi- tational forces of the moon and the sun components. The amplitudes and phases of the tidal constit- uents are then determined on the basis of known periods that are driven by the astronomical motions of the earth, moon, and sun. However, measured water

183

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2010.12.13.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

fault. Peak ground acceleration (PGA) and peak ground velocity (PGV) recorded by the TSMIP stations" (Fig. 1). It pro- duced widespread strong ground shaking in southern Tai- wan. The maximum PGA up regions with epicentral distances less than 50 km recorded PGA greater than 250 gal (CWB Inten- sity scale

Wu, Yih-Min

184

An ab Mfio study of the HNCN radical F.-M. Tao and W. Klemperer  

E-print Network

University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 Michael C. McCarthy and C. A. Gottlieb Division of Applied, and Sears[J, Chem. Sot. Faraday Trans. 89, 615 ( 1993)]. The quadrupolecoupling constantsfor the inner

185

Video Behavior Profiling for Anomaly Detection Tao Xiang, Member, IEEE, and Shaogang Gong  

E-print Network

quantities of surveillance video data generated continuously by closed-circuit television (CCTV) systems. One detection. Given a 24/7 continuously recorded video or an online CCTV input, the goal of automatic behavior

Gong, Shaogang

186

SALIENT MOTION DETECTION IN CROWDED SCENES Chen Change Loy, Tao Xiang, Shaogang Gong  

E-print Network

, Queen Mary University of London ABSTRACT To reduce cognitive overload in CCTV monitoring, it is crit detection, counter flow detection, and unstable crowd flow detection. 1. INTRODUCTION The attention of CCTV

Gong, Shaogang

187

Security and Surveillance Shaogang Gong and Chen Change Loy and Tao Xiang  

E-print Network

Introduction There has been an accelerated expansion of Closed-Circuit TeleVision (CCTV) surveillance in recent operators eyeballing CCTV screens. Miss-detections could be caused by (1) excessive number of video screens

Gong, Shaogang

188

Learning Rare Behaviours Jian Li, Timothy M Hospedales, Shaogang Gong, Tao Xiang  

E-print Network

. Extensive validation using both simulated and real-world CCTV video data demonstrates the superior). additional information about any rare behaviours. For example, whilst the ma- jority of daily CCTV recordings

Gong, Shaogang

189

Multi-Camera Activity Correlation Analysis Chen Change Loy, Tao Xiang and Shaogang Gong  

E-print Network

-camera activity analysis methods [6, 12, Figure 1. Three consecutive frames from a typical public space CCTV video, both assumptions are largely invalid for activities captured by CCTV cameras in public spaces typ

Gong, Shaogang

190

AIP Conference Proceedings #383 from the Taos Meeting: Workshop on the Earth's Trapped Particle Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies of the Earth's radiation belts were among the first in situ space experiments in the late 1950s, the 1960s, and the early 1970s. A series of annual McCormack-conferences were held during those early years. After that the field received less attention and decreasing resources; during the late 1970s and the 1980s radiation belt physics were discussed at only a few topical conferences. However, the fields of radiation belt and ring current research experienced a small renaissance during the 1990s.

Spjeldvik, Walther N.

191

Analysis of Chord Progression Data Brandt Absolu, Tao Li, and Mitsunori Ogihara  

E-print Network

" by The Beatles, whose main theme runs on an eight-bar chord sequence that is sometimes rumored to have been progressions appears to be the most significant in Jazz. The performance in Jazz takes the form of Theme

Li, Tao

192

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2009.05.25.01(IWNOP) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

dynamics, and numerical weather prediction. Key words: TFSL scheme, Flux-form semi-Lagrangian scheme) and some artificial viscosity is introduced. Hence, less the numerical diffusion and dispersion errors is among them. Using the flux-form semi-Lagran- gian schemes, artificial viscosity is reduced and stability

Chu, Peter C.

193

Improving Wireless Security Through Network Tao Ye, Darryl Veitch, Jean Bolot  

E-print Network

corruption and information reduction. Second, in an effort towards provable security, we analyze the security, WEP [4] in WiFi home or small business networks) continue to be present as network components. Strong as possibly high-speed data interfaces such as EV-DO, HSDPA, WiFi or WiBro/WiMax. A laptop can use a single WiFi

194

ELAPSED TIME IN HUMAN GAIT RECOGNITION: A NEW APPROACH Dacheng Tao1  

E-print Network

}@dcs.bbk.ac.uk; xwu@cs.uvm.edu Abstract Human gait is an effective biometric source for human identification recognition are always 2nd -order or 3rd -order tensors. Brutal vectorizing the 2nd - order or 3rd -order

Wu, Xindong

195

Conductance Titration of Single-Peptide Molecules Xiaoyin Xiao, Bingqian Xu, and Nongjian Tao*  

E-print Network

around 2.5 � 10-4 G0, where G0 ) 2e2/h 77 µS. There is a significant run-to-run variation in the step promises a fresh approach to study various chemical processes and reactions on a single-molecule basis biological functions. We focus here on three simple peptides (Scheme 1), containing 1, 2 and 3 amino acids

Zhang, Yanchao

196

Design-for-Testability for Digital Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu and Krishnendu Chakrabarty  

E-print Network

of laboratory instruments [1,2]. Compared to traditional bench-top procedures, microfluidic biochips offer for protein crystallization from Fluidigm Corporation, the LabChip system from Caliper Life Sciences electrodes with integrated optical detectors [9]. Dependability is an important system attribute for biochips

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

197

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.03.11.01(TT) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

. Ocean. Sci., Vol. 24, No. 4, Part II, 731-735, August 2013 Fossil Seed from the Miocene Shihti Formation-bearing Miocene Shihti Formation from the Lifeng coal mine, Sanshia District of the New Taipei City. The fossil from the Formation are reported for the first time. Key words: Carpolithes, Fossil seed, Testa, Miocene

Lin, Andrew Tien-Shun

198

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2011.01.27.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

. Ocean. Sci., Vol. 22, No. 4, XXX-XXX, August 2011 Vertical Displacement due to Ocean Tidal Loading smaller than 1 cm, because the ocean is more than 2000 m deep and with less shallow and narrow bights because the ocean is only approximately 200 m deep. The amplitudes in the vertical direction of GPS

Hwang, Cheinway

199

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.05.30.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

. Ocean. Sci., Vol. 24, No. 5, XXX-XXX, October 2013 Re-Examining Source Parameters of the 2012 Wutai. After the 2010 ML 6.4 Jiasian earthquake caused extensive damage in southern Taiwan, deep, complicated of the Wutai earthquake is therefore likely located in the lower crust and implied that the deep blind fault

Wu, Yih-Min

200

Gait Recognition Using Gait Entropy Image Khalid Bashir, Tao Xiang, Shaogang Gong  

E-print Network

condition and view angle, while others affect gait itself such as shoes, time and surface. De- spite to these limitations the current trend on gait representation seems to favour model free approaches. Model free

Gong, Shaogang

201

Efficient OLAP Operations in Spatial Data Warehouses Dimitris Papadias, Panos Kalnis, Jun Zhang and Yufei Tao  

E-print Network

, and the cube cells contain a measure, such as sales. Recently, the popularity of spatial information supervision or mobile communications, only summarized data, like the number of cars in an area or phones serviced by a cell, is required. Although this information can be obtained from transactional spatial

Papadias, Dimitris

202

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2010.11.12.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 2 Department of Civil Engineering, National Chiao is replaced by a magnetically levi- tated superconducting sphere (Goodkind 1999). The volt- age signals

Hwang, Cheinway

203

Chapter I The Tao to Understanding Enterprise Resource Planning Complexity: Sun-Tzu's Five Factors Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

As exploratory research, the chapter's aim is to assess if Sun-Tzu's application of Taoist principles are applicable to the problem domain of Enterprise Resource Planning Management (ERPM). It argues that an ERP's complexity not only shares conceptually The Art of War's historical context, but also can be understood to be a disequilibrium force best understood using Taoist principles. Sun-Tsu's The

James W. Price Jr; Pamila Dembla

204

Integrated Droplet Routing in the Synthesis of Microfluidic Tao Xu and Krishnendu Chakrabarty  

E-print Network

for enzymatic assays to detect glucose and lactate levels in blood [3], detection of explosives such as TNT [4-routing-aware physical design decisions to be made simultaneously. We use a large-scale protein assay as a case study-throughput sequencing, parallel immunoassays, blood chemistry for clinical diagnostics, DNA sequencing

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

205

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.06.18.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

alluvial plain and turns to E-W trend toward the offshore area. Key words: GPS, Longitudinal Valley, Near-fault of the four major earthquakes (one regional and three lo- cal) occurred during the 1992 - 2010 observation convergence results in frequent earthquakes and significant crustal deformation. To the northeast offshore

Lee, Jian-Cheng

206

Recovering the language of Tao: Cultural transformation of Chinese pedagogic discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the progress of modernization of the Chinese society starting from early 20 th century, the Chinese language in terms of discourse has experienced a fundamental change which meanwhile has transformed the mode of Chinese pedagogic practices. Modern Chinese discourses, no matter whether of social or scientific practices or even on China's intellectual heritage, are articulated to a large extent

Wu Zongjie

207

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2010.05.19.01(TibXS) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

ABStrACt Lakes Baikal and Balkhash are two of the world's major lakes affecting fresh water supplies water supply de- pends on a lake. The variation of the lake's level and the variation of the water contains fresh water, with Ili River contributing to most of the wa- ter. The eastern part of Lake Balkhash

Hwang, Cheinway

208

A VARIATION NORM CARLESON THEOREM RICHARD OBERLIN ANDREAS SEEGER TERENCE TAO  

E-print Network

for the Fourier series, (1) Snf(x) S[f](n, x) = n k=-n fk e2ikx ; here n N0 = {0, 1, 2, . . . }. The celebrated theorem by Carleson [4] states that if f is square integrable then Snf converges to f almost everywhere |Snf| Lp(T) C f Lp(T) for all f Lp(T); see also [10], [20], and [12] for other proofs of this fact

Seeger, Andreas

209

Aggregate Processing of Planar Points Yufei Tao, Dimitris Papadias, Jun Zhang  

E-print Network

, zhangjun@cs.ust.hk} Abstract. Aggregate window queries return summarized information about ob- jects points of view. We show that, an aggregate window query can be an- swered in logarithmic worst-case time efficient cost models that predict the structure size and actual query cost. Extensive ex- periments show

Papadias, Dimitris

210

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2009.11.13.01(TH) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

, Taiwan, ROC 2 Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC Received 25 April find that a short period of 600-yr time span in 9 - 8.4 ka shows important tectonic subsidence of 7 proposed by previous studies during that time. A correlation between geomorphology and subsurface geology

Lee, Jian-Cheng

211

TAO: A Time-Aware Opportunistic Routing Protocol for Service Invocation in Intermittently  

E-print Network

for service providers, such as local authorities, in order to extend a pre-existing infrastructure in a large scale area (e.g., a city). In such hybrid networks, intermittent connections are prevalent proliferation of handheld devices equipped with a wireless interface, such as smart-phones or internet tablets

Boyer, Edmond

212

Subdivision meshes for organizing spatial biomedical data Tao Ju a,*, James Carson b  

E-print Network

a , Joe Warren c , Musodiq Bello d , Ioannis Kakadiaris e a Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA b Biological Monitoring and Modeling Group, Pacific Northwest

Ju, Tao

213

The Tao of IETF A Guide for New Attendees of the Internet Engineering Task Force  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last two years, the attendance at Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Plenary meetings has grown phenomenally. Approximately 38% of the attendees are new to the IETF at each meeting. About 33% of those go on to become regular attendees. When the meetings were smaller, it wasn't very difficult for a newcomer to get to know people and get

G. Malkin

214

Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relapse prevention, based on the cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, has become an adjunct to the treatment of numerous psychological problems, including (but not limited to) substance abuse, depression, sexual offending, and schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of the efficacy and effectiveness of relapse prevention in the…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Marlatt, Alan G.

2004-01-01

215

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.01.22.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

, and structure reconstruction. Key words: Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, Hazard map, Meishan earthquake Program (GSHAP) published a global probabilistic seismic hazard map that included the January 2013 AbSTrACT Using seismic activity and the Meishan earthquake sequence that occurred from 1904

Wu, Yih-Min

216

Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 in Orbital Adipose Tissues: Potential Role in Orbital Thyrotropin Receptor Expression  

PubMed Central

Thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) is required for maximal expression of thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) in the thyroid. Extrathyroidal TSHR expression is detectable in normal orbital adipose tissues, with increased levels found in orbital tissues from patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO), and in orbital preadipocyte cultures following differentiation. In order to determine whether TTF-1 might be involved in orbital TSHR expression, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to assess relative expression of this and other thyroid-associated transcription factors (TTF-2 and Pax-8) in GO orbital tissue specimens (n = 28) and cultures (n = 3), and in normal orbital tissues (n = 19) and cultures (n = 3). We detected TTF-1 and TTF-2 mRNA in GO and normal orbital tissue samples, with no difference in levels noted between the tissues. In the GO orbital cultures, TTF-1 mRNA was higher in differentiated than in control (undifferentiated) cultures (p < 0.05), while TTF-2 was unchanged. In the normal cultures, neither TTF-1 nor TTF-2 mRNA levels increased in differentiated cultures. Pax8 was undetectable in all orbital tissues and cell cultures. The presence of mRNA encoding TTF-1 in orbital tissues and cultures suggest that this transcription factor may play an important role in extrathyroidal, as it does in thyroidal, TSHR expression. PMID:15929662

Bhattacharyya, Kalyan K.; Coenen, Michael J.; Bahn, Rebecca S.

2005-01-01

217

Immunopathogenesis of Thyroid Eye Disease: Emerging Paradigms  

PubMed Central

Graves disease represents a systemic autoimmune process targeting the thyroid, orbit, and pretibial skin. The thyroid dysfunction is treatable, but no consistently effective medical therapy has yet been described for the orbital manifestations of Graves disease, also known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy or thyroid eye disease. Several autoantigens are potentially relevant to the pathogenesis of thyroid eye disease. Activating antibodies generated against the thyrotropin receptor can be detected in a majority of patients, and these drive hyperthyroidism. However, stimulating antibodies against the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) may also play a role in the extra-thyroid manifestations of GD. IGF-1R is over-expressed by orbital fibroblasts derived from patients with TED, while IGF-1R+ T and IGF-1R+ B cells are considerably more frequent in GD. Actions of several cytokines and the molecular interplay peculiar to the orbit appear to provoke the inflammation, fat expansion, and deposition of excessive extracellular matrix molecules in thyroid eye disease. Based upon these new insights, several therapeutic strategies can now be proposed that, for the first time, might specifically interrupt its pathogenesis. PMID:20385333

Naik, Vibhavari M; Naik, Milind N; Goldberg, Robert A; Smith, Terry J; Douglas, Raymond S

2009-01-01

218

Association of MICA Alleles with Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in Korean Children  

PubMed Central

Background. Major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related gene A (MICA) is a ligand for the activating NKG2D receptor expressed on natural killer (NK) cells. We aimed to assess the association of MICA polymorphism with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in Korean children. Methods. Eighty-one patients with AITD were recruited. We analyzed MICA polymorphisms by PCR-SSP and compared the results with those of 70 healthy controls. Results. In AITD, the allele frequencies of MICA?010 (OR = 2.21; 95% CI, 1.30–3.76, P < 0.003, Pc < 0.042) were higher than those of controls. Patients who did not have thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy showed higher frequencies of MICA?010 (OR = 2.99; 95% CI, 1.47–6.08, P < 0.003, Pc < 0.042) and lower frequencies of MICA?008 (OR = 0.08; 95% CI, 0.01–0.62, P < 0.001, Pc < 0.014) compared to those of controls. HLA-B?46, which shows the strongest association with AITD compared with other HLA alleles, showed the strongest linkage disequilibrium with MICA?010. Analyses of the associations between MICA?010 and HLA-B?46 with AITD suggest an association of the MICA allele with AITD. Conclusions. Our results suggest that innate immunity might contribute to the pathogenesis of AITD. PMID:23209462

Cho, Won Kyoung; Jung, Min Ho; Park, So Hyun; Baek, In Cheol; Choi, Hee-Baeg; Kim, Tai-Gyu; Suh, Byung-Kyu

2012-01-01

219

77 FR 38375 - Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) for the Taos Regional...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement (FEIS) for a proposed new runway and associated facilities and improvements...prepared the EIS for the proposed new runway and related facilities and improvements...Sponsor) is the construction of a new runway at SKX that would be 8,600 feet...

2012-06-27

220

Geopolitics of Quantum Buddhism: Our Pre-Hydrocarbon Tao Future (No Breakthrough at the Rio+20 Summit)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From Rio to Rio with Kyoto, Copenhagen and Durban in between, the conclusion remains the same: we fundamentally disagree on realities of this planet and the ways we can address them. A decisive breakthrough would necessitate both wider contexts and a larger participatory base so as to identify problems, formulate policies, and broaden and…

Bajrektarevic, Anis

2013-01-01

221

77 FR 31036 - Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Taos Resource Management Plan...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BLM received 27 letters protesting decisions contained in the Proposed RMP/Final EIS, including decisions regarding mining opportunities in the...Governor that the BLM considered in its decision making, the review did not identify any...

2012-05-24

222

Global Abnormal Behaviour Detection Using a Network of CCTV Cameras Emanuel E. Zelniker, Shaogang Gong, Tao Xiang  

E-print Network

Global Abnormal Behaviour Detection Using a Network of CCTV Cameras Emanuel E. Zelniker, Shaogang the detection of global abnormal behaviours across a network of CCTV cameras. Although the problem of multiple behaviours of objects monitored by a network of CCTV cameras with disjointed camera views, and no effort has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Phase transitions in high-Tc superconductors and the anisotropic three-dimensional XY model Tao Chen and S. Teitel  

E-print Network

- ture Tm well below the mean field Tc2 which marks the onset of strong diamagnetism.4,5 In between Tm by the observation that, in high-Tc materials, the onset of reversible diamagnetism occurs at a temperature well with increasing H. Ac- cording to this picture, the onset of diamagnetism at Tc2 is associated with a growth

Teitel, Stephen L.

224

Finding Semantically Related Images in the WWW Heng Tao Shen Beng Chin Ooi Kian-Lee Tan  

E-print Network

lexical chain - Title Lexical Chain (TLC). The text obtained from the ALT tag is referred to as the Alt children LCs are, the closer the semantics of the original two LCs are. Third, to ensure that an LC

Ooi, Beng Chin

225

Intercomparison of Bulk Aerodynamic Algorithms for the Computation of Sea Surface Fluxes Using TOGA COARE and TAO Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bulk aerodynamic algorithm is developed for all stability conditions for the computation of ocean surface fluxes. It provides roughness lengths of wind, humidity, and temperature for a wind speed range from 0 to 18 m s1: zo = 0.013u2\\/g + 0.11\\/u and ln(zo\\/zot) = ln(zo\\/zoq) = 2.67Re1\\/4 2.57 as derived using the Tropical Oceans Global Atmosphere (TOGA) Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere

Xubin Zeng; Ming Zhao; Robert E. Dickinson

1998-01-01

226

TAO, Vol. 13, No. 3, 313-324, September 2002 Near Real-Time Seismic Damage Assessment of  

E-print Network

- porting system. A Taiwan Rapid Earthquake Information Release System (TREIRS) using a real-time strong-motion km away from the epicenter. The CWB collected high quality data of the strong ground motion during of the peak ground velocity can be mapped within minutes of post-initiation of a strong earthquake

Wu, Yih-Min

227

Efficient Sparse LU Factorization with Lazy Space Allocation Bin Jiang \\Lambda , Steven Richman y , Kai Shen z , Tao Yang x  

E-print Network

Efficient Sparse LU Factorization with Lazy Space Allocation Bin Jiang \\Lambda , Steven Richman y an optimization strategy called lazy space allocation which acquires memory on­the­fly only when it is necessary evaluation shows that for most of tested matrices, static symbolic factorization provides fairly accurate

Yang, Tao

228

Upper Limits on the Number of Small Bodies in Sedna-Like Orbits by the TAOS Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of a search for occultation events by objects at distances between 100 and 1000 AU in light curves from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey. We searched for consecutive, shallow flux reductions in the stellar light curves obtained by our survey between 2005 February 7 and 2006 December 31 with a total of ~4.5 × 109 three-telescope simultaneous photometric measurements. No events were detected, allowing us to set upper limits on the number density as a function of size and distance of objects in Sedna-like orbits, using simple models.

Wang, J.-H.; Lehner, M. J.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Bianco, F. B.; Alcock, C.; Chen, W.-P.; Axelrod, T.; Byun, Y.-I.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; de Pater, I.; Porrata, R.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S. L.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2009-12-01

229

An Analytical Model for a Book-ahead Bandwidth Xiangfei Zhu, Mark E. McGinley, Tao Li, Malathi Veeraraghavan  

E-print Network

-loop control of the equipment, and video monitoring of the experiment. To meet the needs of these scientists into inter- vals. Our proposed model is a non-homogeneous continuous-time Markov chain, which has an embedded utilization. This model can be used by network designers to select the size of the reservation window, K

Veeraraghavan, Malathi

230

GEOLOGIC MAP OF THE OJO CALIENTE 7.5MINUTE QUADRANGLE, RIO ARRIBA AND TAOS COUNTIES, NEW MEXICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

,New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, NM, 87801; dkoning@nmt. edu,University of New Mexico, Dep. of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northtrop Hall, MS 032040, Albuquerque, NM 87131-1116,3508 Lynbrook Dr., Plano, TX 75075; the southwest portion of this map was taken from Dr. May's Ph. D. thesis.,281 West Amoroso Drive, Gilbert, AZ 85233

DANIEL KONING; KARL KARLSTROM; JUDSON MAY; STEVE SKOTNICKI; ROBERT HORNING; DENNIS NEWELL; WILLIAM R. MUEHLBERGER

231

Multifunctional organic phototransistor-based nonvolatile memory achieved by UV/ozone treatment of the Ta?O? gate dielectric.  

PubMed

An organic phototransistor (OPT) shows nonvolatile memory effect due to its novel optical writing and electrical erasing processes. In this work, we utilize an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) as the light source to investigate OPT-based memory (OPTM) performance. It is found that the OPTM can be used as either flash memory or write-once read-many-times memory by adjusting the properties of the Ta2O5 gate dielectric layer. UV/ozone treatment is applied to effectively change dielectric properties of the Ta2O5 film. The mechanisms for this are examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and capacitance-voltage measurement. It turns out that the densities of oxygen vacancies and defects in the first 1.8 nm Ta2O5 films near the Ta2O5/semiconductor interface are reduced. Furthermore, for the first time, we use this multifunctional OPTM, which unites the photosensitive and memory properties in one single device, as an optical feedback system to tune the brightness of the OLED. Our study suggests that these OPTMs have potential applications in tuning the brightness uniformity, improving the display quality and prolonging the lifetime of flat panel displays. PMID:24813352

Liu, Xiaohui; Zhao, Haoyan; Dong, Guifang; Duan, Lian; Li, Dong; Wang, Liduo; Qiu, Yong

2014-06-11

232

Childhood Depictions Creating an Historical Archaeology of Children and Childhood on the Ranchos de Taos Plaza, New Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each of us was once a child and it is impossible to imagine a society without children. Yet children have been notably absent from archaeological narratives, particularly in the Spanish borderlands where they generally appear as victims of slavery and boarding schools (Brooks 2002; Lindauer 1997; Parker 1996; Trennert 1988, see also Hecht 2002). This proposal seeks funding to expand

B. Sunday Eiselt

233

TAO, Vol. 15, No. 3, 493-502, September 2004 Statistical Assessment for the Hazard of Large Aftershocks  

E-print Network

, National Central University, No. 300 Junda Road, Chung-Li, Taiwan, ROC; E-mail: ychen@stat.ncu.edu.tw Real-time University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, ROC *Corresponding author address:Dr. Yuh-Ing Chen, Institute of Statistics and rescue efforts. In this paper, we employ the Reasenberg-Jones (RJ) model to describe the time-magni- tude

Chen, Yuh-Ing

234

TAO, Vol. 10, No. 4, 719-736, December 1999 Development of an Integrated Earthquake Early Warning System in  

E-print Network

, Taiwan, ROC 2 Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, Chung-li, Taiwan, ROC 3 862 time is too long for earthquake early warning pur- poses. A dense, real-time monitoring system composed reported earthquake information in about 18 sec after the origin time. Therefore, it provided about 15 sec

Wu, Yih-Min

235

TAO, Vol. 11, No. 3, 581-590, September 2000 Relocation of the 1999 Chi-Chi Earthquake in Taiwan  

E-print Network

,000 people were left homeless. This disastrous earth- quake, however, generated a wealth of high-resolution seismic digital data which provided us with an unprecedented opportunity to study a large earthquake event

Wu, Yih-Min

236

Insights from SMPY's Greatest Former Child Prodigies: Drs. Terence ("Terry") Tao and Lenhard ("Lenny") Ng Reflect on Their Talent Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If the academic needs of the most profoundly gifted students can be met through the use of existing educational practices, specialists in gifted education can assume that the educational needs of less able, but still academically talented, students can also be met by using some combination of these strategies as well. This paper illustrates the…

Muratori, Michelle C.; Stanley, Julian C.; Ng, Lenhard; Ng, Jack; Gross, Miraca U. M.; Tao, Terence; Tao, Billy

2006-01-01

237

Presentation of points of general discussion and voting among the speakers of the European Thyroid Association-Cancer Research Network (ETA-CRN) meeting in Lisbon, 2009, entitled "European comments to ATA medullary thyroid cancer guidelines"  

PubMed Central

The main subjects of discussion, held online within the ETA-CRN board invited 16 expert-panelists are shown. The ad hoc emerged ETA-CRN panel of experts (EPE) first congratulated Professor Kloos and the ATA Taskforce for the extensive work on medullary thyroid cancer, and appreciated discussing the ATA guidelines during the ETA-CRN meeting. As it was not possible for all experts to visit the meeting, they enclosed their comments in the online ETA forum. The overall intention was to evaluate certain discrepancies between the ATA guidelines and were biased European clinical practice. All discussants were aware that the ATA guidelines had followed evidence based medicine rules; however, it was intended to reach an European consensus in this matter. The results of online voting among the EPE are shown. We received answers from nine experts. The particular ATA guidelines devoted to the management of MTC ranged in agreement in 0/9 to 4/9. This did not reflect the general, good assessment of the guidelines, as of votes a set of questions. The strongest discrepancies were found in assessment of the usefulness of pentagastrin (Peptavlon®) stimulated calcitonin secretion. The majority of the EPE (5/9) chose an option: “the increase of the basal Ct >100 ng/L means the substantial risk of MTC. However, there should also have been a recommendation for the grey zone 10-100 ng/L, where stimulation with pentagastrin is useful. The cut-off to perform stimulation test at ? 15-20 ng/L and values >100 ng/L means a significant suspicion of MTC”. Similarly, attention from the EPE was raised towards the surgical procedures in MTC, particularly the extent and indications for lymph node surgical intervention. Four questions were related to the indications to lymphadenectomy and extent of surgery. The equal number (4/8) of EPE agreed with the ATA R61 and half of the ETA-CRN panel of experts disagreed because the indications to lymphadenectomy (Lx) depended in their opinion on the tumors detected by the Ct screening, in which prophylactic Lx might not be necessary. “Notwithstanding the evidence based guidelines, their final acceptation requires unrestricted discussion and consideration of differences in clinical practice and experience between countries”. PMID:23514345

2013-01-01

238

Fibroblasts Expressing the Thyrotropin Receptor Overarch Thyroid and Orbit in Graves' Disease  

PubMed Central

Context: Graves' disease (GD) is a systemic autoimmune syndrome comprising manifestations in thyroid and orbital connective tissue. The link between these two tissues in GD eludes our understanding. Patients with GD have increased frequency of circulating monocyte lineage cells known as fibrocytes. These fibrocytes infiltrate orbital connective tissues in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy and express functional TSH receptor (TSHR). Objective: The aim of the study was to identify and characterize CD34+ fibrocytes in thyroid tissue. Design/Setting/Participants: Patients undergoing surgical thyroidectomy at two academic medical centers were recruited to the study. Main Outcome Measures: We performed immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, real-time PCR, cytokine-specific ELISA, and cell differentiation. Results: CD34+ColI+CXCR4+TSHR+ cells can be identified in situ in thyroid tissue from donors with GD, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, or in normal-appearing tissue. Thyroid fibroblasts cultivated from these glands express a CD34?ColI+CXCR4+TSHR+ phenotype. TSHR levels are higher than those in orbital fibroblasts. When treated with TSH, thyroid fibroblasts generate IL-6 and IL-8. The induction of IL-6 can be blocked by dexamethasone, a chemical inhibitor of Akt/Pkb, and by knocking down Akt with a specific small interfering RNA. When treated with TGF-? or rosiglitazone, thyroid fibroblasts differentiate into myofibrocytes or adipocytes, respectively. Conclusions: ColI+CXCR4+TSHR+ thyroid fibroblasts resemble orbital fibroblasts and circulating fibrocytes. CD34+ fibrocytes appear to infiltrate both tissues in GD. Thyroid fibroblasts lose CD34 display in culture, unlike orbital fibroblasts and circulating fibrocytes. Fibrocytes and their fibroblast derivatives may participate in the pathogenesis of thyroid autoimmunity after TSHR activation. They could represent a therapeutic target for these diseases. PMID:21956421

Padovani-Claudio, Dolly A.; Lu, Ying; Raychaudhuri, Nupur; Fernando, Roshini; Atkins, Stephen; Gillespie, Erin F.; Gianoukakis, Andrew G.; Miller, Barbra S.; Gauger, Paul G.; Doherty, Gerard M.; Douglas, Raymond S.

2011-01-01

239

Optimizing unit test execution in large software programs using dependency analysis  

E-print Network

Tao is a system that optimizes the execution of unit tests in large software programs and reduces the programmer wait time from minutes to seconds. Tao is based on two key ideas: First, Tao focuses on efficiency, unlike ...

Kim, Taesoo

240

In2O3 nanowires as chemical sensors Chao Li, Daihua Zhang, Xiaolei Liu, Song Han, Tao Tang, Jie Han,a)  

E-print Network

or dry air. Figure 1 a inset shows a scanning electron microscope a Eloret Corporation, NASA Ames R-film-based sensing devices. First of all, such devices have a limited maximum sensitivity due to the limited surface-to-volume these fundamental limitations due to their ultrahigh surface-to-volume ratios.8­11 Here, we report our studies

Zhou, Chongwu

241

J. Tao, T. Tan, and R.W. Picard (Eds.): ACII 2005, LNCS 3784, pp. 1 7, 2005. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005  

E-print Network

conductors, surgeons or even nuclear power plant workers are bored or not paying attention [3 and not exhaustive. For more details on the evolution and future of affective computing as well as more complete

Tzanetakis, George

242

Beale&PollackUSQRPaperOctober2010(rev13Sept10) Page1 The Great Commandment, Tao, and the Survival of Humanity  

E-print Network

is unsustainable without unprecedented levels of cooperation. A partial resolution of this paradox comes from to peaceful coexistence was tested in the 20th Century, and, in the memorable phrase of Roy Enquist, "the

Pollack, Robert

243

Dynamics of cold atoms crossing a one-way barrier Jeremy J. Thorn, Elizabeth A. Schoene, Tao Li, and Daniel A. Steck  

E-print Network

, and Daniel A. Steck Department of Physics and Oregon Center for Optics, 1274 University of Oregon, Eugene not amenable to standard laser-cooling techniques. The barrier comprises two focused Gaussian laser beams

Steck, Daniel A.

244

P-127: Stabilization of Azodye Alignment Layer for Liquid Crystal Display Lishuang Yao, Tao Du, Vladimir Chigrinov, and Hoi Sing Kwok  

E-print Network

LED light (450nm, 70mW/ cm2 ) and UV lamp (oriel 6925NS, 365nm, 9mW/ cm2 ) for two steps with 1 minute is injected. Cell with half twisted mode and half parallel mode was fabricated. Strong blue LED light

245

The Tao of IGF-1: Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor Activation Increases Pain by Enhancing T-Type Calcium Channel Activity.  

PubMed

T-type calcium channels are important players in the transmission of pain signals in the primary afferent pathway. Indeed, inhibiting or depleting T-type calcium channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons mediates analgesia. Conversely, nerve injury or peripheral inflammation have been shown to induce T-type calcium channel activity in DRG neurons, and this in turn has been linked to the development of chronic pain states. The mechanisms that underlie this enhancement of T-type channels remain incompletely understood and may include changes in channel stability in the plasma membrane or alterations in channel function. In this issue of Science Signaling, Zhang and colleagues identify a cell signaling pathway that potently regulates T-type calcium channel activity in afferent neurons and link this process to pain hypersensitivity. Specifically, they show that insulin-like growth factor-1 receptors in DRG neurons mediate a protein kinase C ? (PKC?)-dependent enhancement of T-type calcium currents and that interfering with this pathway reduces both mechanical and thermal pain hypersensitivity in rodents. Targeting this process offers a new avenue for developing pain therapeutics. PMID:25292211

Stemkowski, Patrick L; Zamponi, Gerald W

2014-10-01

246

Common basis for the mechanism of metallo and non-metallo KDO8P synthases Peng Tao a,b,1  

E-print Network

in fruitful juxtaposition, 3) the metal antagonizes the effects (inhibitory or activating) of another metal the reactants to lower the activation energy, an action easily mimicked by amino acid side-chains. © 2010 a catalytic acid/base [6,7]. -Lactamases can either use an active site serine to form a covalent intermediate with the a

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

247

75 FR 33299 - Environmental Impacts Statements; Notice Of Availability  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Broad-Scale Guidance for the Management of Public Lands and Resource Administered by Taos Field Office, Colfax, Harding, Los Alamos, Mora, Rio Arriba, Santa Fe, Taos and Union Counties, NM, Comment Period Ends: 09/08/2010, Contact: Brad...

2010-06-11

248

TEACHING ASSISTANT ORIENTATION AUGUST 17 & 18, 2011  

E-print Network

TEACHING ASSISTANT ORIENTATION AUGUST 17 & 18, 2011 What is TAO? Teaching Assistant Orientation (TAO) prepares graduate students to assume their teaching duties with confidence by engaging them in interactive sessions about teaching methods and resources. By attending TAO, you will... Discover effective

Palmeri, Thomas

249

A SUPERSYMMETRIC VIEW OF THE HIGGS HUNTING  

E-print Network

A SUPERSYMMETRIC VIEW OF THE HIGGS HUNTING Tao Liu UC @ Santa Barbara UC @ Santa Barbara Feb. 2nd, 2011 Thursday, February 2, 2012 #12;Tao Liu (UC@Santa Barbara) Hunting for the Higgs 2 Higgs Boson) Thursday, February 2, 2012 #12;Tao Liu (UC@Santa Barbara) Hunting for the Higgs 3 ! At hadron colliders

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

250

A near zero coefficient of thermal expansion ceramic: Tantalum oxyfluoride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cubic tantalum oxyfluoride (TaO2F) powders were synthesized and consolidated by hot pressing. The effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) and lithium fluoride (LiF) sintering aids on the densification and microstructure of TaO2F were investigated. Hot pressing conditions employed in this study appeared to change the stoichiometry of TaO2F, and most likely created an oxygen deficient TaO2??F. It was shown that TaO2F

Stephanie Sawhill; Ender Savrun

251

Characterization of a self-sufficient trans-anethole oxygenase from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1.  

PubMed

A novel flavoprotein monooxygenase, trans-anethole oxygenase (TAO), from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1, which is capable of catalyzing the oxidation of trans-anethole to p-anisaldehyde, was heterologously expressed in E. coli and purified. Enzymatic kinetics of diverse substrates and cofactors revealed that TAO is likely to be a novel self-sufficient flavoprotein monooxygenase. Enzyme assays of GST-TAO demonstrated that TAO catalyzed a trans-anethole oxidation reaction without auxiliary component enzyme-like electron-transfer flavin reductases. The single component TAO had the ability to reduce flavin cofactors and simultaneously oxidize trans-anthole to p-anisaldehyde. In the processes of reduction of flavin and oxidation of trans-anethole, TAO accepted various flavin and NAD(P)H cofactors. TAO also catalyzed oxidation of isoeugenol, O-methyl isoeugenol, and isosafrole, all of which contain the 2-propenyl functional group on the aromatic ring structure with different catalytic efficiency. TAO had the greatest catalytic efficiency (k cat/K m) with the original substrate, trans-anethole. Investigation about partially deleted mutants of TAO indicated that reductase active sites appeared to be located near the N terminal. Site directed mutagenesis studies also proved that the proposed flavin binding sites, Trp-38, Thr-43, Tyr-55, were critical for flavin reduction. However, disruption of any portion of TAO eliminated the oxygenase activity. PMID:24066043

Han, Dongfei; Sadowsky, Michael J; Chong, Youhoon; Hur, Hor-Gil

2013-01-01

252

Characterization of a Self-sufficient Trans-Anethole Oxygenase from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1  

PubMed Central

A novel flavoprotein monooxygenase, trans-anethole oxygenase (TAO), from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1, which is capable of catalyzing the oxidation of trans-anethole to p-anisaldehyde, was heterologously expressed in E. coli and purified. Enzymatic kinetics of diverse substrates and cofactors revealed that TAO is likely to be a novel self-sufficient flavoprotein monooxygenase. Enzyme assays of GST-TAO demonstrated that TAO catalyzed a trans-anethole oxidation reaction without auxiliary component enzyme-like electron-transfer flavin reductases. The single component TAO had the ability to reduce flavin cofactors and simultaneously oxidize trans-anthole to p-anisaldehyde. In the processes of reduction of flavin and oxidation of trans-anethole, TAO accepted various flavin and NAD(P)H cofactors. TAO also catalyzed oxidation of isoeugenol, O-methyl isoeugenol, and isosafrole, all of which contain the 2-propenyl functional group on the aromatic ring structure with different catalytic efficiency. TAO had the greatest catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) with the original substrate, trans-anethole. Investigation about partially deleted mutants of TAO indicated that reductase active sites appeared to be located near the N terminal. Site directed mutagenesis studies also proved that the proposed flavin binding sites, Trp-38, Thr-43, Tyr-55, were critical for flavin reduction. However, disruption of any portion of TAO eliminated the oxygenase activity. PMID:24066043

Han, Dongfei; Sadowsky, Michael J.; Chong, Youhoon; Hur, Hor-Gil

2013-01-01

253

Purification of active recombinant trypanosome alternative oxidase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) is the terminal oxidase of the respiratory chain in long slender bloodstream forms of African trypanosomes. TAO is a cytochrome-independent, cyanide-insensitive quinol oxidase. These characteristics are distinct from those of the bacterial quinol oxidases, proteins that belong to the heme-copper terminal oxidase superfamily. The inability to purify stable TAO has severely hampered biochemical studies of the

Coichi Nihei; Yoshihisa Fukai; Keisuke Kawai; Arihiro Osanai; Yoshisada Yabu; Takashi Suzuki; Nobuo Ohta; Nobuko Minagawa; Kazuo Nagai; Kiyoshi Kita

2003-01-01

254

A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana  

E-print Network

are removed for lack of concrete documentation. These are Tinamus tao, Butorides virescens, Patagioenas fasciata, Crotophaga sulcirostris, Pharomachrus fulgidus, Iodopleura pipra, Tangara peruviana, Loxigilla

Mathis, Wayne N.

255

Thyroid Nodules  

MedlinePLUS

... the base of your throat (near your Adam's apple) that regulates body functions such as heart rate, ... needed. Other Organizations Endocrine Society American Thyroid Association, Inc. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Questions to Ask ...

256

Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid  

MedlinePLUS

... American Thyroid Association website at www.thyroid.org . Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid Color Brochure for Saving and Printing (PDF File, 732KB) Nuclear Radiation and the Thyroid Black and White Brochure for ...

257

Eye findings and immunological markers in probands and their euthyroid relatives from a single family with multiple cases of thyroid autoimmunity  

PubMed Central

Background Ophthalmopathy is a common manifestation of Graves’ disease (GD) occurring in up to 50% of patients. Mild eye signs are also common in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Whilst a genetic predisposition to GD has been demonstrated this is not the case for the ophthalmopathy which often runs a separate course. Objective We determined the prevalences of eye and eyelid signs and positive thyroid and orbital antibody tests in first and second degree relatives from a single family with multiple cases of Graves’ disease, ophthalmopathy and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Design The study cohort comprised 16 subjects from the same family, 4 probands namely, 3 with GD and one with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and hypothyroidism and 12 of their euthyroid first or second degree relatives. We measured antibodies against calsequestrin (CASQ1) and collagen XIII in an enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assays and TSH-Receptor (TSH-R) antibodies as i) TSH-R binding inhibiting immunoglobulin (TBII) and ii) thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI). Eye signs were classified and quantified using the clinical activity score (CAS), NOSPECS classes, Nunery types 1 and 2 and the margin-reflex-distance (MRD) as a measure of upper eyelid retraction (UER). Main outcomes Whilst significant ophthalmopathy was uncommon in the relatives, mild eye signs, in particular UER, were demonstrated in about a third of them. The presence of eye signs was moderately, but not significantly, associated with the detection of CASQ1 and collagen XIII antibodies, but not TSH-R antibodies. Conclusion Our study demonstrates a significant prevalence of positive orbital antibody tests and ophthalmopathy in probands with thyroid autoimmunity and their euthyroid relatives, favouring a role of genetic factors in the development of ophthalmopathy in patients with thyroid autoimmunity. PMID:22742084

2012-01-01

258

Combined Conditional Random Fields and n-Gram Language Models for Gene Mention Recognition  

E-print Network

.povinelli@marquette.edu mike.johnson@marquette.edu Dina Berchanskiy1 Jidong Tao2 Marek Trawicki2 dina.berchanskiy@marquette.edu jidong.tao@marquette.edu marek.trawicki@marquette.edu 1 Department of Mathematics, Statistics associations betweens genes and diseases, and indexing biomedical literature by genes and their products

Povinelli, Richard J.

259

Subscriber access provided by -Access paid by the | UC Berkeley Library Nano Letters is published by the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth  

E-print Network

to subwavelength volumes through the excitation of surface plasmons. This local electromagnetic (EM) field Nanoparticles for Three-Dimensional Plasmonic Crystals Andrea R. Tao, Daniel P. Ceperley, Prasert this article #12;Self-Organized Silver Nanoparticles for Three-Dimensional Plasmonic Crystals Andrea R. Tao

Yang, Peidong

260

Brian S. Yandell1 Year Student Position/Status  

E-print Network

Scientist, World Health Org, Geneva, SZ 1997 Tao HG (co-advisor with M Palta, Preventive Medicine) GE 2 4:DySci,PBPG,WildEcol,Zoo 2010s 3 5:Biochem,Botany,DySci,Genet(2) 2000s 8 1:Agronomy 18:AHABS, Biostatistics, U NC, Chapel Hill dec 97 E Borghi Statistician, World Health Org, Geneva jun 97 HG Tao (co

Yandell, Brian S.

261

Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms  

E-print Network

Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor aan de-DATA LIBRARY TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN Jiang, Tao Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms / by Tao Jiang / gasontladingen Subject headings : plasma diagnostics / Stark effect / optogalvanic spectroscopy / atomic emission

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

262

FROM HARMONIC ANALYSIS TO ARITHMETIC COMBINATORICS  

E-print Network

be if Green and Tao had never met. To keep this presentation reasonably short and coherent, I will limit earlier, and Tao was already known as an brilliant mathematician but he had never worked in analytic made it clear that their breakthrough result was only the first step in a far-reaching program

Laba, Izabella

263

Concurrent OH imager and sodium temperature//wind lidar observation of a mesopause region undular bore event  

E-print Network

bore event over Fort Collins//Platteville, Colorado C. Y. She, Tao Li, Bifford P. Williams, and Tao front with the properties of an undular bore by an OH imager, over the Fort Collins/Platteville area on 6/7 October 2002. Unlike the earlier bore observations, a Na lidar capable of measuring mesopause

264

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey: The Multi-Telescope Robotic Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) operates four fully automatic telescopes to search for occultations of stars by Kuiper Belt Objects. It is a versatile facility that is also useful for the study of initial optical GRB afterglows. This paper provides a detailed description of the TAOS multi-telescope system, control software, and high-speed imaging.

Lehner, M. J.; Wen, C.-Y.; Wang, J.-H.; Marshall, S. L.; Schwamb, M. E.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Bianco, F. B.; Giammarco, J.; Porrata, R.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Byun, Y.-I.; Chen, W. P.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lin, H.-C.; Wang, S.-Y.; Rice, J. A.; de Pater, I.

2009-02-01

265

preservation of spike information An embedded network approach for scale-up of fluctuation-driven systems with  

E-print Network

-driven systems with David Cai, Louis Tao, and David W. McLaughlin doi:10.1073/pnas.0404062101 2004 with preservation of spike information David Cai* , Louis Tao , and David W. McLaughlin*§ *Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102 Contributed by David W. McLaughlin

McLaughlin, David

266

Geom Dedicata DOI 10.1007/s10711-011-9664-2  

E-print Network

metric on Teichmüller space Anna Lenzhen · Kasra Rafi · Jing Tao Received: 9 March 2011 / Accepted: 22 1, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France e-mail: anna.lenzhen@univ-rennes1.fr K. Rafi (B) Department of Mathematics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA e-mail: rafi@math.ou.edu J. Tao Department

Rafi, Kasra

267

Piecewise Tri-linear Contouring for Multi-Material Volumes  

E-print Network

Piecewise Tri-linear Contouring for Multi-Material Volumes Powei Feng1 , Tao Ju2 , and Joe Warren1 1 Rice University {pfeng,jwarren}@rice.edu 2 Washington University in St. Louis taoju produce a polygonal approximation of this #12;2 Powei Feng, Tao Ju, and Joe Warren (a) (b) (c) (d) Fig. 1

Ju, Tao

268

Tidal perturbations and variability in the mesopause region over Fort Collins, CO (41N, 105W): Continuous multi-day temperature and wind  

E-print Network

): Continuous multi-day temperature and wind lidar observations C. Y. She, Tao Li, Richard L. Collins,1 Tao Yuan and wind lidar observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24111, doi:10.1029/ 2004GL021165. 1. Introduction [2 long data set was acquired at the sodium lidar facility at Colorado State University (41N, 105W

269

Biological Effects of Thyrotropin Receptor Activation on Human Orbital Preadipocytes  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE. Thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) expression is upregu- lated in the orbits of patients with Graves ophthalmopathy (GO), most of whom have TSHR-stimulating antibodies. The authors investigated the biological effects of TSHR activation in vitro in adipose tissue, the site of orbital TSHR expression. METHODS. Activating mutant TSHR (TSHR*) or wild-type (WT) was introduced into human orbital preadipocytes using retro- viral

Lei Zhang; Glynn Baker; Dominika Janus; Carol A. Paddon; Dagmar Fuhrer; Marian Ludgate

2006-01-01

270

Thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory with generalized-gradient approximations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the recently proposed thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory (TAO-DFT) [J.-D. Chai, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 154104 (2012)] to generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation density functionals. Relative to our previous TAO-LDA (i.e., the local density approximation to TAO-DFT), the resulting TAO-GGAs are significantly superior for a wide range of applications, such as thermochemistry, kinetics, and reaction energies. For noncovalent interactions, TAO-GGAs with empirical dispersion corrections are shown to yield excellent performance. Due to their computational efficiency for systems with strong static correlation effects, TAO-LDA and TAO-GGAs are applied to study the electronic properties (e.g., the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, vertical electron affinities, fundamental gaps, and symmetrized von Neumann entropy) of acenes with different number of linearly fused benzene rings (up to 100), which is very challenging for conventional electronic structure methods. The ground states of acenes are shown to be singlets for all the chain lengths studied here. With the increase of acene length, the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, and fundamental gaps decrease monotonically, while the vertical electron affinities and symmetrized von Neumann entropy (i.e., a measure of polyradical character) increase monotonically.

Chai, Jeng-Da

2014-05-01

271

Comment on “Magnetostratigraphic study of the Kuche Depression, Tarim Basin, and Cenozoic uplift of the Tian Shan Range, Western China” Baochun Huang, John D.A. Piper, Shoutao Peng, Tao Liu, Zhong Li, Qingchen Wang, Rixiang Zhu [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 2006, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.09.020  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent publication of "Magnetostratigraphic study of the Kuche Depression, Tarim Basin, and Cenozoic uplift of the Tian Shan Range,Western China" by B.C. Huang, J.D.A. Piper, S.T. Peng, T. Liu, Z. Li, Q.C. Wang, R.X. Zhu [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 2006, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.09.020] discusses the Cenozoic uplift history of the Tianshan Mountains by studying the magnetostratigraphy of Paleogene to Neogene continental sediments from two sections located in the Kuche basin at the northern edge of the Tarim basin. To support their conclusion they reinterpreted a magnetostratigraphic study of the Yaha section, which lies ~ 10 km south of their sections, we previously published [J. Charreau, S. Gilder, Y. Chen, S. Dominguez, J.-P. Avouac, S. Sen, M. Jolivet, Y. Li and W. Wang, Magnetostratigraphy of the Yaha section, Tarim Basin (China): 11 Ma acceleration in erosion and uplift of the Tianshan Mountains, Geology 34(3), 2006, 181­184.]. Here, (1) we argue that the interpretations of the sedimentation rate changes they proposed for the Kuche sections are partially invalid, (2) we disagree with their reinterpretation of the age of the Yaha section, and (3) we think that the way they interpret their AMS data is incorrect.

Charreau, Julien; Chen, Yan; Gilder, Stuart; Barier, Laurie

2008-04-01

272

Obstruction of the Superior Mesenteric Artery Due to Emboli from the Thoracic Aorta in a Patient with Thromboangiitis Obliterans  

PubMed Central

A 48-year-old woman presented at our hospital with acute abdominal pain 3 years after being diagnosed with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO). Computed tomography revealed occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and multiple kidney infarction with thrombus floating in the thoracic aorta connected with the intercostal artery. Despite emergency embolectomy, further thromboembolism eventually required massive resection of the intestine with jejunostomy and colostomy and permanent intravenous hyper-alimentation therapy. Although TAO rarely involves the large artery, the aorta could be the source of embolization in patients with TAO.

Kamiya, Chiaki; Kitaoka, Tadashi; Suzuki, Jun; Abe, Keiko; Sato, Osamu

2014-01-01

273

Thromboangiitis obliterans in the 21st century--a new face of disease.  

PubMed

Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is a relatively rare disease of peripheral blood vessels, affecting small and medium sized arteries and veins. Although the first description of the disease was given by Winiwarter almost 130 years ago, etiology of TAO remains not elucidated. Smoking is considered as a precipitating factor of the disease. We emphasised some particular features of the new face of TAO - significant decrease in incidences, increased disease prevalence among women and coexistence of other than smoking atherosclerotic risk factors (especially disturbances of glucose metabolism). Contemporary methods of treatment were also discussed. PMID:19269635

Ma?ecki, Rafa?; Zdrojowy, Krystyna; Adamiec, Rajmund

2009-10-01

274

Insurance: Mathematics and Economics xxx (2005) xxxxxx Catastrophe options with stochastic interest rates and  

E-print Network

of catastrophe put options under stochastic interest rates with losses generated by a compound Poisson process derivatives; Reinsurance; Compound Poisson process; Stochastic interest rates 1. Introduction Although interest rates and compound Poisson losses Sebastian Jaimungal, Tao Wang Department of Statistics

Jaimungal, Sebastian

275

www.nature.com/naturemethods nature methods | VOL.6 NO.6 | JUNE 2009  

E-print Network

for longitudinal cell tracking in mice W Matthew Leevy, Sean P Orton, Seth T Gammon, Wenyi Che, Gilbert D Feke, Tao Ji, M Catherine Muenker, Megan Schmidt, Victoria Jacobs, Douglas Vizard & William McLaughlin vii

Cai, Long

276

nanoparticles water-soluble and biocompatible.The polyethylene gly-col chains are terminated with primary amines to facilitate synthetic  

E-print Network

, Sean P Orton, SethT Gammon, Wenyi Che, Gilbert D Feke,Tao Ji, M Catherine Muenker, Megan Schmidt,Victoria Jacobs, DouglasVizard & William McLaughlin Carestream Molecular Imaging, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Cai, Long

277

78 FR 49739 - Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board, Northern New Mexico  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EM SSAB), Northern New Mexico. The Federal Advisory Committee...del Pueblo Sur, Taos, New Mexico 87571. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...Santistevan, Northern New Mexico Citizens' Advisory Board (NNMCAB), 94 Cities of Gold Road, Santa Fe,...

2013-08-15

278

2013 Interdisciplinary Graduate and Professional Symposium Winners Oral Sessions  

E-print Network

for Best Oral Presentation in Education: Garrett DeHond, School of Education, Assisting ESL Students in UWP 1 Through Supplemental Online Grammar Instruction; $1 for Best Oral Presentation in Humanities, Arts, and Cultural Studies: Christine Tao

Yoo, S. J. Ben

279

Hsa-miR-375 Is Differentially Expressed During Breast Lobular Neoplasia And Promotes Loss Of Mammary Acinar Polarity  

E-print Network

Giricz1 , Paul A. Reynolds5 , Andrew Ramnauth2 , Christina Liu2 , Tao Wang2 , Lesley Stead5 , Geoffrey Childs3 , Thomas Rohan2 , Nella Shapiro4 , Susan Fineberg3,4 , Paraic A Kenny1 , Olivier Loudig2, 3

Kenny, Paraic

280

40 CFR 81.332 - New Mexico.  

... Rio Arriba (part) see 40 CFR 81.239 Santa Fe County (part) Remainder of county Taos...AQCR 157 Upper Rio Grande Valley Intrastate Santa Fe County (part) Narrow corridor in Santa Fe Unclassifiable/Attainment 1...

2014-07-01

281

40 CFR 81.239 - Upper Rio Grande Valley Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...f)) geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of New Mexico: Los Alamos County, Santa Fe County, Taos County. Those portions of Rio Arriba County lying east of the Continental...

2010-07-01

282

40 CFR 81.239 - Upper Rio Grande Valley Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...f)) geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of New Mexico: Los Alamos County, Santa Fe County, Taos County. Those portions of Rio Arriba County lying east of the Continental...

2013-07-01

283

78 FR 21515 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Redefinition of the St. Louis, MO; Southern Missouri; Cleveland, OH; and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico: Catron Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Guadalupe Harding Lincoln (Does not include White Sands Missile Range portion) Los Alamos Mora Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt San Miguel Santa Fe Socorro (Does not include White Sands Missile Range portion) Taos...

2013-04-11

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40 CFR Appendix Vi to Part 264 - Political Jurisdictions 1 in Which Compliance With § 264.18(a) Must Be Demonstrated  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Bow Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton Wheatland Nevada All New Mexico Bernalillo Catron Grant Hidalgo Los Alamos Rio Arriba Sandoval Sante Fe Sierra Socorro Taos Torrance Valencia Utah Beaver Box Elder Cache...

2012-07-01

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40 CFR Appendix Vi to Part 264 - Political Jurisdictions 1 in Which Compliance With § 264.18(a) Must Be Demonstrated  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Bow Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton Wheatland Nevada All New Mexico Bernalillo Catron Grant Hidalgo Los Alamos Rio Arriba Sandoval Sante Fe Sierra Socorro Taos Torrance Valencia Utah Beaver Box Elder Cache...

2011-07-01

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40 CFR 81.239 - Upper Rio Grande Valley Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...f)) geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of New Mexico: Los Alamos County, Santa Fe County, Taos County. Those portions of Rio Arriba County lying east of the Continental...

2012-07-01

287

40 CFR Appendix Vi to Part 264 - Political Jurisdictions 1 in Which Compliance With § 264.18(a) Must Be Demonstrated  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Bow Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton Wheatland Nevada All New Mexico Bernalillo Catron Grant Hidalgo Los Alamos Rio Arriba Sandoval Sante Fe Sierra Socorro Taos Torrance Valencia Utah Beaver Box Elder Cache...

2013-07-01

288

40 CFR Appendix Vi to Part 264 - Political Jurisdictions 1 in Which Compliance With § 264.18(a) Must Be Demonstrated  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Bow Stillwater Sweet Grass Teton Wheatland Nevada All New Mexico Bernalillo Catron Grant Hidalgo Los Alamos Rio Arriba Sandoval Sante Fe Sierra Socorro Taos Torrance Valencia Utah Beaver Box Elder Cache...

2010-07-01

289

40 CFR 81.239 - Upper Rio Grande Valley Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...f)) geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of New Mexico: Los Alamos County, Santa Fe County, Taos County. Those portions of Rio Arriba County lying east of the Continental...

2011-07-01

290

Security Lab Series Introduction to Web Technologies  

E-print Network

Security Lab Series Introduction to Web Technologies Prof. Lixin Tao Pace University http...........................................................................................................................................1 1.1 Web ArchitectureScript..................................................................................16 4.6 Creating Your First JavaServer Page Web Application

Tao, Lixin

291

ON THE WELL POSEDNESS OF THE MODIFIED KORTEWEG-DE VRIES EQUATION IN WEIGHTED SOBOLEV  

E-print Network

includes the "persistence" property, i.e. the solution de- scribes a continuous curve on X. In particular sense the value 1/4 in Theorem A is optimal. (c) In [4] Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka, and Tao

Ponce, Gustavo

292

Fentanyl Transdermal Patch  

MedlinePLUS

... TAO) (not available in the United States); and verapamil (Calan, Covera, Verelan). Your doctor may need to ... patch is exposed to extreme heat, it may release too much medication into your body at once. ...

293

Derivation of Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles  

E-print Network

We speculate that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called aether or tao. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles.

Xiao-Song Wang

2005-06-07

294

Spatial and Temporal Reasoning for Ambient Intelligence Systems  

E-print Network

of Exeter, UK) Björn Gottfried (University of Bremen, Germany) Christian Freksa (University of Bremen Streitz v Michael Pirker vi Contributions 1 Spatio-Temporal Outlier Detection in Environmental Data Tao

Bremen, Universität

295

RELATIVE SHAPES OF THICK SUBSETS OF MODULI SPACE James W. Anderson, Hugo Parlier, Alexandra Pettet  

E-print Network

> 0. Rafi and Tao [66] have offered a starting point for these investigations, proving that diam(M g, with either the Thurston (or Lipschitz) metric or the Teichm¨uller metric on Mg. We first note that Rafi

Parlier, Hugo

296

78 FR 55075 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...20130724AGJ, From TAOS PUEBLO, NM, To SPRINGER, NM; GALAXY SYRACUSE LICENSEE LLC, Station WKRH, Facility ID 56996, BPH-20130708ABZ, From MINETTO, NY, To FAIR HAVEN, NY; GALAXY SYRACUSE LICENSEE LLC, Station WTKV, Facility ID...

2013-09-09

297

Improving Effectiveness of Automated Software Testing in the Absence of Specifications  

E-print Network

Improving Effectiveness of Automated Software Testing in the Absence of Specifications Tao Xie Program specifications can be valuable in improving the effectiveness of automated software testing in generating test inputs and checking test executions for correctness. Un- fortunately, specifications

Xie, Tao

298

In Vivo Blood Characterization from Bioimpedance Spectroscopy of Blood  

E-print Network

In Vivo Blood Characterization from Bioimpedance Spectroscopy of Blood Pooling Tao Dai Department indices such as haematocrit, glucose level and hydration. Current in vivo bioimpedance spectroscopy parameters for many biomedical and clinical monitoring applications. #12;Index Terms Bioimpedance

Adler, Andy

299

Automated pipeline for atlas-based annotation of gene expression patterns: Application to postnatal day 7 mouse brain  

E-print Network

day 7 mouse brain James Carson a , Tao Ju b , Musodiq Bello c , Christina Thaller d , Joe Warren e, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA c Visualization and Computer Vision Group, General

Ju, Tao

300

Nonlinear characterization of robust multimaterial chalcogenide nanotapers for infrared  

E-print Network

supercontinuum generation Soroush Shabahang, Guangming Tao, Michael P. Marquez, Honghua Hu, Trenton R. Ensley nonlinear optical fiber applications such as infrared supercontinuum generation. Low- power femtosecond OCIS codes: (190.4370) Nonlinear optics, fibers; (320.6629) Supercontinuum generation. http

Delfyett, Peter J.

301

Tetraarsenic oxide-induced inhibition of malignant glioma cell invasion in vitro via a decrease in matrix metalloproteinase secretion and protein kinase B phosphorylation.  

PubMed

Object Local invasiveness of malignant glioma is a major reason for the failure of current treatments including surgery and radiation therapy. Tetraarsenic oxide (As4O6 [TAO]) is a trivalent arsenic compound that has potential anticancer and antiangiogenic effects in selected cancer cell lines at a lower concentration than arsenic trioxide (As2O3 [ATO]), which has been more widely tested in vitro and in vivo. The authors tried to determine the cytotoxic concentration of TAO in malignant glioma cell lines and whether TAO would show anti-invasive effects under conditions independent of cell death or apoptosis. Methods The human phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-deficient malignant glioma cell lines U87MG, U251MG, and U373MG together with PTEN-functional LN428 were cultured with a range of micromolar concentrations of TAO. The invasiveness of the glioma cell lines was analyzed. The effect of TAO on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion and membrane type 1 (MT1)-MMP expression was measured using gelatin zymography and Western blot, respectively. Akt, or protein kinase B, activity, which is a downstream effector of PTEN, was assessed with a kinase assay using glycogen synthesis kinase-3? (GSK-3?) as a substrate and Western blotting of phosphorylated Akt. Results Tetraarsenic oxide inhibited 50% of glioma cell proliferation at 6.3-12.2 ?M. Subsequent experiments were performed under the same TAO concentrations and exposure times, avoiding the direct tumoricidal effect of TAO, which was confirmed with apoptosis markers. An invasion assay revealed a dose-dependent decrease in invasiveness under the influence of TAO. Both the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP expression decreased in a dose-dependent manner in all cell lines, which was in accordance with the invasion assay results. The TAO decreased kinase activity of Akt on GSK-3? assay and inhibited Akt phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner in all cell lines regardless of their PTEN status. Conclusions These results showed that TAO effectively inhibits proliferation of glioblastoma cell lines and also exerts an anti-invasive effect via decreased MMP-2 secretion, decreased MT1-MMP expression, and the inhibition of Akt phosphorylation under conditions devoid of cytotoxicity. Further investigations using an in vivo model are needed to evaluate the potential role of TAO as an anti-invasive agent. PMID:25303017

Gwak, Ho-Shin; Park, Myung-Jin; Park, In-Chul; Woo, Sang Hyeok; Jin, Hyeon-Ok; Rhee, Chang Hun; Jung, Hee-Won

2014-12-01

302

Women of the Sisters' Hall: religion and the making of women's alternative space in Taiwan's economic restructuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the background of Taiwan's recent economic restructuring, this article investigates the lives of a group of working-class women who were believers of I-Kuan Tao, a sectarian religion, and who had by and large decided to remain single in order to better practice their religious teaching. They lived together in an I-Kuan Tao temple. This article situates singlehood in the

Anru Lee

2008-01-01

303

Trypanosome Alternative Oxidase Possesses both an N-Terminal and Internal Mitochondrial Targeting Signal  

PubMed Central

Recognition of mitochondrial targeting signals (MTS) by receptor translocases of outer and inner membranes of mitochondria is one of the prerequisites for import of nucleus-encoded proteins into this organelle. The MTS for a majority of trypanosomatid mitochondrial proteins have not been well defined. Here we analyzed the targeting signal for trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO), which functions as the sole terminal oxidase in the infective form of Trypanosoma brucei. Deleting the first 10 of 24 amino acids predicted to be the classical N-terminal MTS of TAO did not affect its import into mitochondria in vitro. Furthermore, ectopically expressed TAO was targeted to mitochondria in both forms of the parasite even after deletion of first 40 amino acid residues. However, deletion of more than 20 amino acid residues from the N terminus reduced the efficiency of import. These data suggest that besides an N-terminal MTS, TAO possesses an internal mitochondrial targeting signal. In addition, both the N-terminal MTS and the mature TAO protein were able to target a cytosolic protein, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), to a T. brucei mitochondrion. Further analysis identified a cryptic internal MTS of TAO, located within amino acid residues 115 to 146, which was fully capable of targeting DHFR to mitochondria. The internal signal was more efficient than the N-terminal MTS for import of this heterologous protein. Together, these results show that TAO possesses a cleavable N-terminal MTS as well as an internal MTS and that these signals act together for efficient import of TAO into mitochondria. PMID:24562910

Hamilton, VaNae; Singha, Ujjal K.; Smith, Joseph T.; Weems, Ebony

2014-01-01

304

Comparison of long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and transcatheter amplatzer occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus.  

PubMed

The current study was designed to compare long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion (TAO). This study enrolled 294 patients with isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) from April 2002 to April 2007, and 290 of these patients were followed up until April 2010. Of the 294 patients, 196 underwent VATS and 98 accepted TAO for PDA closure. The two groups were similar in terms of demographics and preoperative clinical characteristics. No cardiac deaths occurred in either group. All the patients in the VATS group had successful PDA closure, and 94 patients (94/98, 95.9%) in the TAO group had successful PDA occlusion. The incidence of acute procedure-related complications recorded was 1.5% in the VATS group compared with 10.2% in TAO group (P < 0.05). The cost per patient was $1,309.40 ± $312.20 in the VATS group and $3,415.80 ± $637.30 in the TAO group (P < 0.05). There were no cardiac deaths or newly occurring arrhythmias in either group during the fellow-up period. Up to the latest follow-up, no late recanalization or residual shunting was documented, and heart structure returned to normal level in the VATS group. However, residual shunting was detected in four more TAO patients. This study confirmed the long-term safety and efficacy of VATS clipping of PDA. Compared with TAO, PDA interrupted with VATS can achieve both excellent clinical results and satisfying cost effectiveness. The cost for VATS is only a little more than one third the cost for TAO. PMID:22037885

Chen, Haiyu; Weng, Guoxing; Chen, Zhiqun; Wang, Huan; Xie, Qi; Bao, Jiayin; Xiao, Rongdong

2012-02-01

305

Functional expression of the ascofuranone-sensitive Trypanosoma brucei brucei alternative oxidase in the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) is the terminal oxidase of the respiratory chain of long slender bloodstream forms (LS forms) of African trypanosoma, which causes sleeping sickness in human and nagana in cattle. TAO is a cytochrome-independent, cyanide-insensitive quinol oxidase and these properties are quite different from those of the bacterial quinol oxidase which belongs to the heme-copper terminal oxidase superfamily.

Yoshihisa Fukai; Hisako Amino; Hiroko Hirawake; Yoshisada Yabu; Nobuo Ohta; Nobuko Minagawa; Shigeru Sakajo; Akio Yoshimoto; Kazuo Nagai; Shinzaburo Takamiya; Somei Kojima; Kiyoshi Kita

1999-01-01

306

Permeability prediction and drainage capillary pressure simulation in sandstone reservoirs  

E-print Network

PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Geology PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Wu, Tao

2005-02-17

307

Associated autoantibodies in celiac disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease (CD) is a life-long inflammatory autoimmune condition of the gastrointestinal tract affecting genetically susceptible individuals. Several autoimmune disorders are more prevalent in patients and their close relatives and that risk is gluten exposure duration related. The most frequent reported CD associated conditions are type 1 diabetes mellitus and autoimmune thyroiditis. Associated autoimmune antibodies are frequent in CD and

Ron Shaoul; Aaron Lerner

2007-01-01

308

HMC1 Mast Cells Activate Human Orbital Fibroblasts in Coculture: Evidence for Up-Regulation of Prostaglandin E2 and Hyaluronan Synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mast cell coculture on human orbital fibroblasts. Thyroid-associated ophthal- mopathy is characterized by infiltration of lymphocytes and mast cells and connective tissue activation in the orbit, leading to a disordered accumulation of hyaluronan and intense inflammation. Here, we re- port that HMC-1, an established human mast cell line, can

TERRY J. SMITH; SONIA J. PARIKH

1999-01-01

309

Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei.  

PubMed

Cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX) is a mitochondrial membrane protein and a non-proton-pumping ubiquinol oxidase that catalyzes the four-electron reduction of dioxygen to water. In the African trypanosomes, trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase that is essential for survival in the mammalian host; hence, the enzyme is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in haem-deficient Escherichia coli was purified and crystallized at 293 K by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 400 as a precipitant. X-ray diffraction data were collected at 100 K and were processed to 2.9 A resolution with 93.1% completeness and an overall R(merge) of 9.5%. The TAO crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group I222 or I2(1)2(1)2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 63.11, b = 136.44, c = 223.06 A. Assuming the presence of two rTAO molecules in the asymmetric unit (2 x 38 kDa), the calculated Matthews coefficient (V(M)) was 3.2 A(3) Da(-1), which corresponds to a solvent content of 61.0%. This is the first report of a crystal of the membrane-bound diiron proteins, which include AOXs. PMID:20208159

Kido, Yasutoshi; Shiba, Tomoo; Inaoka, Daniel Ken; Sakamoto, Kimitoshi; Nara, Takeshi; Aoki, Takashi; Honma, Teruki; Tanaka, Akiko; Inoue, Masayuki; Matsuoka, Shigeru; Moore, Anthony; Harada, Shigeharu; Kita, Kiyoshi

2010-03-01

310

Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei  

PubMed Central

Cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX) is a mitochondrial membrane protein and a non-proton-pumping ubiquinol oxidase that catalyzes the four-electron reduction of dioxygen to water. In the African trypanosomes, tryp­anosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase that is essential for survival in the mammalian host; hence, the enzyme is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in haem-deficient Escherichia coli was purified and crystallized at 293?K by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 400 as a precipitant. X-ray diffraction data were collected at 100?K and were processed to 2.9?Å resolution with 93.1% completeness and an overall R merge of 9.5%. The TAO crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group I222 or I212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 63.11, b = 136.44, c = 223.06?Å. Assuming the presence of two rTAO molecules in the asymmetric unit (2 × 38?kDa), the calculated Matthews coefficient (V M) was 3.2?Å3?Da?1, which corresponds to a solvent content of 61.0%. This is the first report of a crystal of the membrane-bound diiron proteins, which include AOXs. PMID:20208159

Kido, Yasutoshi; Shiba, Tomoo; Inaoka, Daniel Ken; Sakamoto, Kimitoshi; Nara, Takeshi; Aoki, Takashi; Honma, Teruki; Tanaka, Akiko; Inoue, Masayuki; Matsuoka, Shigeru; Moore, Anthony; Harada, Shigeharu; Kita, Kiyoshi

2010-01-01

311

Production of natural fragrance aromatic acids by coexpression of trans-anethole oxygenase and p-anisaldehyde dehydrogenase genes of Pseudomonas putida JYR-1 in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

A gene encoding p-anisaldehyde dehydrogenase (PAADH), which catalyzes the oxidation of p-anisaldehyde to p-anisic acid, was identified to be clustered with the trans-anethole oxygenase (tao) gene in Pseudomonas putida JYR-1. Heterologously expressed PAADH in Escherichia coli catalyzed the oxidation of vanillin, veratraldehyde, and piperonal to the corresponding aromatic acids vanillic acid, veratric acid, and piperonylic acid, respectively. Coexpression of trans-anethole oxygenase (TAO) and PAADH in E. coli also resulted in the successful transformation of trans-anethole, isoeugenol, O-methyl isoeugenol, and isosafrole to p-anisic acid, vanillic acid, veratric acid, and piperonylic acid, respectively, which are compounds found in plants as secondary metabolites. Because of the relaxed substrate specificity and high transformation rates by coexpressed TAO and PAADH in E. coli , the engineered strain has potential to be applied in the fragrance industry. PMID:23140548

Han, Dongfei; Kurusarttra, Somwang; Ryu, Ji-Young; Kanaly, Robert A; Hur, Hor-Gil

2012-12-01

312

Isolation of a gene responsible for the oxidation of trans-anethole to para-anisaldehyde by Pseudomonas putida JYR-1 and its expression in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

A plasmid, pTA163, in Escherichia coli contained an approximately 34-kb gene fragment from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1 that included the genes responsible for the metabolism of trans-anethole to protocatechuic acid. Three Tn5-disrupted open reading frame 10 (ORF 10) mutants of plasmid pTA163 lost their abilities to catalyze trans-anethole. Heterologously expressed ORF 10 (1,047 nucleotides [nt]) under a T7 promoter in E. coli catalyzed oxidative cleavage of a propenyl group of trans-anethole to an aldehyde group, resulting in the production of para-anisaldehyde, and this gene was designated tao (trans-anethole oxygenase). The deduced amino acid sequence of TAO had the highest identity (34%) to a hypothetical protein of Agrobacterium vitis S4 and likely contained a flavin-binding site. Preferred incorporation of an oxygen molecule from water into p-anisaldehyde using (18)O-labeling experiments indicated stereo preference of TAO for hydrolysis of the epoxide group. Interestingly, unlike the narrow substrate range of isoeugenol monooxygenase from Pseudomonas putida IE27 and Pseudomonas nitroreducens Jin1, TAO from P. putida JYR-1 catalyzed isoeugenol, O-methyl isoeugenol, and isosafrole, all of which contain the 2-propenyl functional group on the aromatic ring structure. Addition of NAD(P)H to the ultrafiltered cell extracts of E. coli (pTA163) increased the activity of TAO. Due to the relaxed substrate range of TAO, it may be utilized for the production of various fragrance compounds from plant phenylpropanoids in the future. PMID:22610435

Han, Dongfei; Ryu, Ji-Young; Kanaly, Robert A; Hur, Hor-Gil

2012-08-01

313

The Effects of Insecticidal Treatments on Beneficial Insect and Spider Population Cotton Fields  

E-print Network

~ Jour~ goons' Ent, 4R(6) 1904-908, bataan~ W. L. 1956. Oifferenoes in susoeytibDUg of tao sys- cies of QgggRRR (Eeuroptera, ~pidae) to BBT. Cana- da Knt. 88(8) ~5R0. Ripper, &. E. 1951. elective insecticides snd biological oeatrol, Jour. Econ Ent...~ Jour~ goons' Ent, 4R(6) 1904-908, bataan~ W. L. 1956. Oifferenoes in susoeytibDUg of tao sys- cies of QgggRRR (Eeuroptera, ~pidae) to BBT. Cana- da Knt. 88(8) ~5R0. Ripper, &. E. 1951. elective insecticides snd biological oeatrol, Jour. Econ Ent...

Morrison, Eston Odell

2012-06-07

314

Population dynamics of the cotton rat (genus Sigmodon  

E-print Network

~ Qgggg, L. ) loft high sud dry bp who xeooding labs, Pour rats' shxasoho uexe ?csaixel frxa this looation, ill oontxdnod parts of the 4rie4 oattaD ~y tao sustained parts of ~ saall baits/ rosette groslng en tho sbedsdx dwxp ground, and oao oontsined...~ Qgggg, L. ) loft high sud dry bp who xeooding labs, Pour rats' shxasoho uexe ?csaixel frxa this looation, ill oontxdnod parts of the 4rie4 oattaD ~y tao sustained parts of ~ saall baits/ rosette groslng en tho sbedsdx dwxp ground, and oao oontsined...

Inglis, Jack Morton

2012-06-07

315

Successful treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger’s disease) with immunoadsorption: results of a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  No established therapy is available for patients with thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) and critical limb ischemia. Since abnormalities\\u000a of the immune system appear to be involved in the pathogenesis, we investigated in this pilot study the efficiency of Ig immunoadsorption\\u000a (IA) therapy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Ten patients with advanced TAO underwent a single IA course over five consecutive days. Before IA angiography was performed.

Gert Baumann; Verena Stangl; Peter Klein-Weigel; Karl Stangl; Michael Laule; Kathrin Enke-Melzer

316

Constant displacement rate experiments and constitutive modeling of asphalt mixtures  

E-print Network

. I am grateful to Dr. Luoyi Tao and Dr. J. Murali Krishnan for helping me out at di cult times throughout this work. Last, but not the least, I would like to thank all my lab mates for all their help and for the many fruitful discussions that I had.... I am grateful to Dr. Luoyi Tao and Dr. J. Murali Krishnan for helping me out at di cult times throughout this work. Last, but not the least, I would like to thank all my lab mates for all their help and for the many fruitful discussions that I had...

Hariharakumar, Pradeep

2006-04-12

317

[Traditional Chinese medicine in urology].  

PubMed

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an ancient holistic medicine based on the doctrine of Tao and Qi. Tao represents an alteration from which the polarity of Yin and Yang arises and Qi is the vitality which circulates through the body. Therapeutic concepts of TCM include acupuncture, herbal therapy, nutrition and Tuina, a form of manual therapy. TCM is now gaining increased acceptance in the Western society as a complementary therapy. Acupuncture and herbal therapy are the main forms of implementation of TCM in urology. PMID:23754610

Hüsch, T; Tsaur, I; Reiter, M; Mager, R; Haferkamp, A

2014-11-01

318

A Tool Environment for Efficient Execution of Shared Memory Programs on NUMA Systems  

E-print Network

A Tool Environment for Efficient Execution of Shared Memory Programs on NUMA Systems Jie Tao E­mail: ftao,karlwg@in.tum.de Abstract. One of the most important performance issues on NUMA systems accesses. This paper presents a tool environment tar­ geting at tuning NUMA­based shared memory

Stamatakis, Alexandros

319

Visualizing the Memory Access Behavior of Shared Memory Applications on NUMA Architectures  

E-print Network

Visualizing the Memory Access Behavior of Shared Memory Applications on NUMA Architectures Jie Tao important issues affecting the perfor­ mance of shared memory applications on NUMA architectures to effectively understand, develop, and optimize programs. 1 Introduction Clusters with NUMA characteristics

Stamatakis, Alexandros

320

Memory Access Behavior Analysis of NUMA-based Shared Memory Programs  

E-print Network

Memory Access Behavior Analysis of NUMA-based Shared Memory Programs Jie Tao #3; , Wolfgang Karl applications running transparently on top of NUMA architectures often face severe performance problems due of the commu- nication handled by the NUMA hardware, the large amount of traÃ?c produced at runtime, and the #12

Stamatakis, Alexandros

321

Performance Evaluation of Ultra-tight Integration of GPS/Vehicle Sensors for Land  

E-print Network

areas including software receiver development, satellite-based navigation, inertial navigation are used to constrain the inertial navigation error. The violations of non-holonomic constraints Navigation Tao Li, Mark G. Petovello and G. Lachapelle Position, Location And Navigation (PLAN) Group

Calgary, University of

322

Practical X-ray Crystallography, BIOS535 Spring 2010, second half of the spring semester, starting March 9  

E-print Network

Practical X-ray Crystallography, BIOS535 Spring 2010, second half of the spring semester, starting March 9 Tues and Thursdays, 1-4 pm, Keck 308 Instructor: Yizhi Jane Tao; Office: Keck 326; ytao@rice.edu, x4910 Schedule March 9 Lecture: Introduction ­ what is X-ray crystallography; crystallization Lab

Tao, Yizhi Jane

323

Empirical Discriminative Tensor Analysis for Crime Forecasting  

E-print Network

Empirical Discriminative Tensor Analysis for Crime Forecasting Yang Mu1 , Wei Ding1 , Melissa Morabito2 , Dacheng Tao3 , 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Boston,100 of Computer Science, University of Techology Sydney,Broadway NSW 2007, Australia Dacheng

Ding, Wei

324

Observations and Calculations of Light Scattering from Clusters of Spheres.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two-dimensional angular optical scattering (TAOS) from clusters of polystyrene latex spheres is measured in the near-forward and near-backward directions. In both cases, the scattering pattern contains a rich and complicated structure due to the interacti...

S. Holler, J. Auger, B. Stout, Y. Fan, J. R. Bottiger

2000-01-01

325

Exploiting Trust Relations for Nash Equilibrium Efficiency in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-print Network

Exploiting Trust Relations for Nash Equilibrium Efficiency in Ad Hoc Networks Shanshan Zheng, Tao Jiang, John S. Baras Institute for Systems Research Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering where the nodes' payoffs are affected by their trust relations. We characterize the Nash equilibrium

Baras, John S.

326

No. 24 (Vol. 7, No. 2)No. 24 (Vol. 7, No. 2) June 2002June 2002 CLIVAR is an international  

E-print Network

Phaden: Wind vectors and sea surface temperatures from the TAO/TRITON array: monthly means for April 2002 (top of August and will then retire from the ICPO director's position. After an extensive and deliberate search and CLIVAR well for this position (see CV on page 6). Howard is clearly the right man at the right time

Quartly, Graham

327

Seasonal Variation of Undercurrent and Temperature in the Equatorial Pacific Jointly Derived from Buoy Measurement and Assimilation Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on the TOGA-TAO buoy chain observed data in the equatorial Pacific and the assimilation analysis results from SODA(simple ocean data assimilation analysis), the role of the meridional cells in the subsurface of the tropical Pacific was discussed. It...

J. Sun, P. Chu, Q. Liu

2004-01-01

328

Imaging Agents DOI: 10.1002/anie.201305707  

E-print Network

Imaging Agents DOI: 10.1002/anie.201305707 Targeted Bioimaging and Photodynamic Therapy Nanoplatform Using an Aptamer-Guided G-Quadruplex DNA Carrier and Near-Infrared Light** Quan Yuan, Yuan Wu, Jie Wang, Danqing Lu, Zilong Zhao, Tao Liu, Xiaobing Zhang, and Weihong Tan* Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has

Tan, Weihong

329

Low-altitude atmospheric wind measurement from the combined Mie and Rayleigh  

E-print Network

by Doppler lidar with an iodine filter Zhi-Shen Liu, Dong Wu, Jin-Tao Liu, Kai-Lin Zhang, Wei-Biao Chen, Xiao-Quan Song, Johnathan W. Hair, and Chiao-Yao She This paper briefly discusses the mobile ground-based incoherent Doppler wind lidar system, with iodine filters as receiving frequency discriminators, developed

330

An Agent Based Simulation of Smart Metering Technology Adoption  

E-print Network

Intelligence Values, stereotypes General attitudes Experience Social Education Age, gender Income Religion Race, ethnicity Culture Information Knowledge Media Intervention Behavioral beliefs Normative... AN AGENT BASED SIMULATION OF SMART METERING TECHNOLOGY ADOPTION Tao Zhang*, William J. Nuttall Judge Business School, University of Cambridge Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1AG, UK T.Zhang@jbs.cam.ac.uk 3 December 2007 Abstract Based...

Zhang, Tao; Nuttall, William J

331

Simulation of the fine structure of the 12 July 1996 Stratosphere-Troposphere Experiment: Radiation, Aerosols and Ozone (STERAO-  

E-print Network

with mesoscale flow Georgiy Stenchikov,1 Kenneth Pickering,2 Alex DeCaria,2,3 W.-K. Tao,4 John Scala,5 Lesley Ott,2 Diana Bartels,6,7 and Thomas Matejka6,8 Received 5 November 2004; revised 11 March 2005; accepted

Stenchikov, Georgiy L.

332

Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from  

E-print Network

Computer Science MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North Carolina State University, USA Jian Pei Department of Computer Science Simon Fraser University, Canada ·http://ase.csc.ncsu.edu/ #12;Computer Science Learning API Usages is Challenging ·org

Xie, Tao

333

40 CFR 52.1637 - Particulate Matter (PM10) Group II SIP commitments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements, as articulated in the Federal Register notice of July 1, 1987 (52 FR 24670), for Dona Ana, Grant, Sandoval, Santa Fe, and Taos counties as provided in the New Mexico PM10 Group II SIPs. In addition to the SIP, a letter from the...

2013-07-01

334

Gibson/Bodur/Keeler/Leung Remote Sensing of Submerged Oceanic Turbulence and Fossil Turbulence 1/21/06 Remote Sensing of Submerged Oceanic Turbulence and Fossil Turbulence  

E-print Network

Gibson/Bodur/Keeler/Leung Remote Sensing of Submerged Oceanic Turbulence and Fossil Turbulence 1 Aerocosmos Scientific Center of Aerospace Monitoring, Moscow, Russia vgbondur@online.ru R. Norris Keeler Directed Technologies, Inc., Arlington, VA 22201, USA norris_keeler@directedtechnologies.com Pak Tao Leung

Wang, Deli

335

Computational Strategies for Meshfree Nonrigid Registration Eliezer Gershon Kahn  

E-print Network

. His support, patience, and kindness motivated me to do my best work. I am grateful to Professors James, Sudha Che- likani, James Beaty, Debayan Datta, Bill Greene, Chrissy Delorenzo, Deepti Bathula, Xaining Lin, Reshma Munbodh, Zhong Tao, Weichuan Yu, Gary Ho, Yongmei Wang, Oskar Skrinjar, Choukri Mekkaoui

Duncan, James S.

336

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North by invoking their APIs. Those APIs, however, are often com- plex and not well documented, posing barriers for developers to use them in new client code. To get familiar with how those APIs are used, developers may

Xie, Tao

337

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code  

E-print Network

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract Incorrect handling of errors incurred after API invoca- tions (in short, API errors) can lead to security and robust- ness problems, two primary threats to software reliability. Correct handling of API

Young, R. Michael

338

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-print Network

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie Department}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessi- tating automated present a novel framework for mining API error- handling specifications automatically from API client code

Xie, Tao

339

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2  

E-print Network

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2 , Tao Xie3, , Lu Zhang1,2 , Jian Pei4 by invoking methods provided in their APIs. Those API methods, however, are often complex and not well documented. To get familiar with how those API methods are used, programmers often exploit a source code

Xie, Tao

340

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation , Hao Zhong1  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation Lin Shi1 , Hao Zhong1 , Tao Xie3 , and Mingshu,zhonghao}@itechs.iscas.ac.cn, xie@csc.ncsu.edu, mingshu@iscas.ac.cn Abstract. With the evolution of an API library, its documentation also evolves. The evolution of API documentation is common knowledge for programmers and library

Xie, Tao

341

COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-print Network

COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE published: 09 May 2013 doi: 10.3389/fncom.2013 depression Paul Miller* Volen National Center for Complex Systems and Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA Edited by: Si Wu, Beijing Normal University, China Reviewed by: Louis Tao

Miller, Paul

342

The Annals of Statistics 2011, Vol. 39, No. 3, 14961525  

E-print Network

and eigenvectors. See, for example, Johnstone (2001, 2008), Jiang (2004b) and Bai, Miao and Pan (2007). For general background on random matrix theory, see Bai and Silverstein (2010) and Anderson, Guionnet and Zeitouni (2009 matrices. See, for example, Bai and Saranadasa (1996), Candes and Tao (2007), Bai et al. (2009), Cai, Wang

Cai, T. Tony

343

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy  

E-print Network

Precision and Recall Without Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy Nancy Universit´e ­ INPL ­ LORIA Nancy, France Bart.Lamiroy@loria.fr Tao Sun Lehigh University Computer Science and Engineering Bethlehem, PA PrRc 2Pr + Rc (3) Bart Lamiroy was a visiting scientist at Lehigh University in 2010-2011. This work

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

344

Silver Nanocrystals DOI: 10.1002/anie.200601277  

E-print Network

Scattering Signatures** Andrea Tao, Prasert Sinsermsuksakul, and Peidong Yang* Subwavelength silver localized surface plasmons (LSPs), where the plasma oscillations of free electrons in the metal are bound by nanoparticle geometry. Plasmon excitation occurs when a photon is absorbed at a metal­dielectric interface

Yang, Peidong

345

Critical Success Factors of Open Markets on the Internet in Terms of Buyers  

E-print Network

Critical Success Factors of Open Markets on the Internet in Terms of Buyers Sung Ho Ha, Luo Tao Liu, Korea hsh@mail.knu.ac.kr Abstract. Online shopping in open markets becomes increasingly popular in the open market from the perspective of buyers. Based on an extended technology acceptance model

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

346

Shape-specific polymeric nanomedicine: emerging opportunities and challenges  

E-print Network

Minireview Shape-specific polymeric nanomedicine: emerging opportunities and challenges Li Tao1 for nanomedicine applications. Extensive studies have revealed the effect of particle size on spherical particles the performance of nanomedicine in diagnostic imaging and targeted drug delivery applications. Keywords: shape

Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

347

Exploration exploitation in Go: UCT for Monte-Carlo Go  

E-print Network

Exploration exploitation in Go: UCT for Monte-Carlo Go Sylvain Gelly(*) and Yizao Wang(*,**) (*)TAO works for minimax tree search. We have developed a Monte-Carlo program, MoGo, which is the first and 13x13) on the international Kiseido Go Server2 . Our approach is based on the Monte-Carlo Go

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

1602 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH, AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 17, NO. 8, NOVEMBER 2009 Music Recommendation Based on Acoustic  

E-print Network

, and Mitsunori Ogihara Abstract--Music recommendation is receiving increasing at- tention as the music industry Music Recommendation Based on Acoustic Features and User Access Patterns Bo Shao, Dingding Wang, Tao Li develops venues to deliver music over the Internet. The goal of music recommendation is to present users

Li, Tao

349

Comparing TRMM rainfall retrieval with NOAA buoy rain gauge data  

E-print Network

Autonomous Temperature Line Acquisition System (ATLAS) buoys in the Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean/Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TAO/TRITON) array in the tropical Pacific. The rain rate data from TRMM and 25 buoys are collected from January of 1998...

Phillips, Amy Blackmore

2012-06-07

350

Neuroscience Letters 366 (2004) 5862 Age-related effects of bilateral frontal eye fields lesions on rapid eye  

E-print Network

Neuroscience Letters 366 (2004) 58­62 Age-related effects of bilateral frontal eye fields lesions on rapid eye movements during REM sleep in rhesus monkeys Shan Yua,b,1, Ning Liub,1, Tao Zengb,c, Shaohua Received 14 January 2004; received in revised form 7 April 2004; accepted 8 May 2004 Abstract Rapid eye

Zhou, Yi-Feng

351

Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based Approach , Peer-Olaf Siebers1  

E-print Network

1 Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based Approach Tao Zhang1 , Peer-Olaf Siebers1 integrates four important elements, i.e. organisational energy management policies/regulations, energy, to simulate the energy consumption in office buildings. With the model, we test the effectiveness of different

Aickelin, Uwe

352

Vectorization for Java Jiutao Nie, Buqi Cheng, Shisheng Li, Ligang Wang, Xiao-Feng Li  

E-print Network

Vectorization for Java Jiutao Nie, Buqi Cheng, Shisheng Li, Ligang Wang, Xiao-Feng Li China Runtime Technologies Lab, Intel China Research Center {jiu-tao.nie, bu.qi.cheng, shisheng.li, ligang.wang, xiao.feng.li

Boyer, Edmond

353

impact of environmental forcing on the acoustic backscattering strength  

E-print Network

) · meteo (TAO) · moon phases, sun and moon rise and set times (US Naval Observatory) #12;the equatorial Pacificthe equatorial Pacific Sv variations · different time-scales · light (diurnal cycle, moon cycle power at moon frequency 170m 40m Z20°C high energy · in the thermocline (Z20°C) · at frequency

354

Schubert calculus, matroids, and shifting Allen Knutson (UCSD) and Ravi Vakil (Stanford)  

E-print Network

or better intersection properties. The Littlewood­Richardson rule is a rule from algebraic combinatorics for, among many other things, intersecting Schubert classes on Grassmannians. Terry Tao and I gave a version of it using puzzles, and Ravi Vakil gave a fully geometric proof of another one [``A geometric Littlewood­Richardson

Knutson, Allen

355

Page 1 of 2 Curriculum Vitae  

E-print Network

Climate Change in eastern Xinjiang: a case study on Barkol Lake. Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology, 28 Interests My interests include Quaternary Palynology, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology and Lake Sedimentation, Tao Shichen, Yang Lunqing, 2010. An ice-core record of vegetation and climate changes in the central

Liu, Kam-biu

356

Tumor imaging by means of proteolytic activation of cell-penetrating peptides  

E-print Network

Tumor imaging by means of proteolytic activation of cell-penetrating peptides Tao Jiang§ , Emilia S and tested a new strategy for selectively deliv- ering molecules to tumor cells. Cellular association cells typically increases 10-fold or more upon linker cleavage. In mice xenografted with human tumor

Tsien, Roger Y.

357

1334 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 24, NO. 3, MARCH 2006 Design of Inline Amplifier Gains and Spacings to  

E-print Network

, such as phase-shift keying (PSK), differential phase-shift keying (DPSK), or quadrature-amplitude modulation nonlinear phase shift of about 1 rad. We note that the nonlinear phase noise is present even in a dispersion and Spacings to Minimize the Phase Noise in Optical Transmission Systems Alan Pak Tao Lau and Joseph M. Kahn

Kahn, Joseph M.

358

2128 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 26, NO. 14, JULY 15, 2008 On the Statistics of Intrachannel Four-Wave Mixing  

E-print Network

phase-shift keying (PSK) systems but uncorrelated for -ary PSK systems with 2. We have also derived or differentially coherent detection of phase-modulated signals, such as phase-shift keying (PSK), differential PSK of Intrachannel Four-Wave Mixing in Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems Alan Pak Tao Lau, Student Member

Kahn, Joseph M.

359

Efficient Affinity-based Edit Propagation using K-D Tree Shi-Min Hu1  

E-print Network

Efficient Affinity-based Edit Propagation using K-D Tree Kun Xu1 Yong Li1 Tao Ju2 Shi-Min Hu1 Tian especially for large data. We propose here an efficient scheme that allows affinity-based edit propagation propagation, us- ing adaptive clustering in a high-dimensional, affinity space. Our approximation

Ju, Tao

360

LASSO transductif et autres generalisations Pierre Alquier(1)  

E-print Network

propose a generalized version of the LASSO by (Tibshirani, 1996), based on geometrical remarks about dans cette ´etude une g´en´eralisation de l'estimateur LASSO de Tibshirani (1996), qui s'appuie sur des : le LASSO par Tibshirani (1996), ou le Dantzig selector par Cand`es et Tao (2007). Ces derni`eres m

Boyer, Edmond

361

arXiv:0801.1158v1[math.ST]8Jan2008 Hierarchical selection of variables in sparse  

E-print Network

) or Golubev (2002), LASSO, LARS or Dantzig selector in regression, cf, Tibshirani (1996), Chen, Donoho and Saunders (2001), Efron, Hastie, Johnstone and Tibshirani (2004 Candes and Tao (2007), are used); Osborne, Presnell and Turlach (2000a); Efron, Hastie, Johnstone and Tibshirani (2004); Turlach (2005

Bickel, Peter

362

Second Announcement September 1-5, 2007  

E-print Network

.ru Dedicated to the memory of Professor Bo Tao Fan #12;Federal Agency of Science and Innovation Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Russian Academy of Medical Sciences (RAMS) Russian Foundation on Basic Research International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) Russian Section of the Cheminformatics and QSAR Society

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

363

Insect outbreaks produce distinctive carbon isotope signatures in defensive resins and  

E-print Network

. Engel2, Tao Cheng3 and G. Arturo Sa´nchez-Azofeifa1 1 Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, 1-26 Earth Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E3 2 Division of Entomology, Natural History Museum and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas

Wolfe, Alexander P.

364

Mining Software Engineering Data North Carolina State Univ.  

E-print Network

Mining Software Engineering Data Tao Xie North Carolina State Univ. USA xie@csc.ncsu.edu Jian Pei Simon Fraser Univ. Canada jpei@cs.sfu.ca Ahmed E. Hassan Univ. of Victoria Canada ahmed, and evolution. Using well- established data mining techniques, practitioners and re- searchers can explore

Xie, Tao

365

Chemical Sensor Based on Microfabricated Wristwatch Tuning Forks  

E-print Network

, and Nongjian Tao* Department of Electrical Engineering and The Center for Solid State Electronics Research acoustic wave (BAW), and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), which detect mass/viscoelastic property changes and to reduce false alarms. Unlike the previously reported SAW, BAW, QCM, Fourier transform-QTF,23

Zhang, Yanchao

366

A Digital Atlas to Characterize the Mouse Brain Transcriptome  

E-print Network

D) atlas [7]. Although hand curation is an effective method for annotation, it is not an efficientA Digital Atlas to Characterize the Mouse Brain Transcriptome James P. Carson1,2* , Tao Ju3 , Hui method for annotating gene expression patterns in the context of a digital atlas to facilitate custom

Crair, Michael C

367

Transient Attributes for High-Level Understanding and Editing of Outdoor Scenes  

E-print Network

Zhile Ren Xiaofeng Tao Chao Qian James Hays Brown University more "winter" more "night" more "warm" more with the desired attributes (right), by learning local color transforms from a large dataset of annotated outdoor processing and computer vision]: Scene analysis--Time-varying imagery Keywords: image database, attribute

Hays, James

368

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MULTIMEDIA, VOL. 14, NO. 2, APRIL 2012 471 Hierarchical Co-Clustering: A New Way  

E-print Network

Way to Organize the Music Data Jingxuan Li, Bo Shao, Tao Li, and Mitsunori Ogihara, Member, IEEE Abstract--In music information retrieval (MIR) an important research topic, which has attracted much attention recently, is the utilization of user-assigned tags, artist-related style, and mood la- bels, which

Li, Tao

369

Software Analytics in Practice Dongmei Zhang, Shi Han, Yingnong Dang, Jian-Guang Lou, Haidong Zhang, Microsoft Research Asia,  

E-print Network

Software Analytics in Practice Dongmei Zhang, Shi Han, Yingnong Dang, Jian-Guang Lou, Haidong Zhang, Microsoft Research Asia, China Tao Xie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract: Software analytics is to utilize data-driven approaches to enable software practitioners to perform data exploration

Xie, Tao

370

Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet  

E-print Network

Educational Software Engineering: Where Software Engineering, Education, and Gaming Meet Tao Xie and advocate the subfield of educational software engineering (i.e., software engineering for education), which develops software engineering technologies (e.g., software testing and analysis, software analytics

Xie, Tao

371

Mining Logs Files for Data-Driven System Management School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

Mining Logs Files for Data-Driven System Management Wei Peng School of Computer Science Florida International University Miami, FL 33199 wpeng002@cs.fiu.edu Tao Li School of Computer Science Florida for trouble shooting rely on the knowledge and experience of domain experts to figure out ways to discover

Li, Tao

372

On the Well-Posedness of the Periodic KdV Equation in  

E-print Network

. That is, for each u0 2 Hm there exists a unique continuous curve ' W R ! Hm ; t 7! '.t; u0/ solving/ be the usual Sobolev space of 1-periodic, real valued functions for real r > 0. A continuous curve ' W I ! Hr- ated by Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka & Tao [11]. One focus has been on low regularity

Poeschel, Juergen

373

Version 1.1, March 2008 Periodic Kdv Equation in  

E-print Network

> 2. That is, for each u0 2 Hm there exists a unique continuous curve ' W R ! Hm ; t 7! '.t; u0/ be the usual Sobolev spaces for real r > 0. A continuous curve ' W I ! Hr , with I an intervall containing 0 bibliography is provided by the web site cre- ated by Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka & Tao [12]. One

Poeschel, Juergen

374

Flow-through electroporation based on constant voltage for large-volume transfection of cells  

E-print Network

Flow-through electroporation based on constant voltage for large-volume transfection of cells Tao: Received 2 December 2009 Accepted 5 January 2010 Available online 29 January 2010 Keywords: Transfection volume (108 ­109 cells) are often processed for transfection. This poses new challenges for current

Lu, Chang

375

Code Hunt: Searching for Secret Code for Fun Nikolai Tillmann  

E-print Network

. of Computer Science Victoria BC V8W 2Y2, Canada nigelh@cs.uvic.ca Daniel Perelman Univ. Washington Dept. of Computer Science Seattle WA 98195, USA perelman@ cs.washington.edu Tao Xie University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Dept. Computer Science Urbana, IL, USA taoxie@illinois.edu ABSTRACT Learning to code can be made more

Xie, Tao

376

Measuring heat storage changes in the equatorial Pacific: A comparison between TOPEX altimetry and Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean buoys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heat storage variations in the equatorial Pacific have been studied from December 1992 through February 1997, using sea level data from the TOPEX altimeter and temperatures measured by 42 tethered buoys that are part of the Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere (TAO) array. The TOPEX measurements are converted to heat storage anomalies using a coefficient determined from mean climatological values. For 30-day averages

D. P. Chambers; B. D. Tapley; R. H. Stewart

1998-01-01

377

MISR Cloud Detection over Ice and Snow Based on Linear Correlation Matching  

E-print Network

MISR Cloud Detection over Ice and Snow Based on Linear Correlation Matching Tao Shi , Bin Yu , and Amy Braverman Abstract Cloud detection is a crucial step in any climate modelling or prediction data to retrieve or estimate the cloud height and hence cloud detection. However, cloud detection even

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

378

Cloud Detection over Snow and Ice Using MISR Data , Eugene E. Clothiaux  

E-print Network

Cloud Detection over Snow and Ice Using MISR Data Tao Shi , Bin Yu , Eugene E. Clothiaux , and Amy J. Braverman Abstract Clouds play a major role in Earth's climate and cloud detection prediction and global climate model studies. To advance the observational capabilities of detecting clouds

Yu, Bin

379

Making Time-stepped Applications Tick in the Cloud  

E-print Network

Making Time-stepped Applications Tick in the Cloud Tao Zou, Guozhang Wang, Marcos Vaz Salles · Iterative Graph Processing · Matrix Computation #12;Why Run Scientific Applications in the Cloud? · Elasticity · Cost Saving · Instant Availability 9 Avoid jobs queuing for days #12;What Does Cloud

Keinan, Alon

380

How to give a great research talk Adapted from original slides by  

E-print Network

wonder if I can use this idea in my research..." "I need to read this paper and learn how they did XHow to give a great research talk Tao Ju Adapted from original slides by: Simon Peyton Jones is about how to give a great research talk What your talk is for What to (and not to) put in it, and how

Crowley, Patrick

381

Service Robot Anthropomorphism and Interface Design for Emotion in Human-Robot Interaction  

E-print Network

Service Robot Anthropomorphism and Interface Design for Emotion in Human-Robot Interaction Tao interest in both developing and implementing service robots for health care and home environments. In addition to a variety of functions supported by robotic technology, the interaction between a human

Zhang, Tao

382

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche  

E-print Network

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche TAO / LRI ; Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, INRIA the problem of re-localization in a swarm of moving virtual robots where some robots might be lost and where the distance between each neighboring robot is known within a limited communication radius (e.g. using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONDENSED MATTER J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19 (2007) 215202 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0953-8984/19/21/215202  

E-print Network

IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONDENSED MATTER J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19 (2007) 215202 (9pp Molecule Biophysics, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA E-mail: nongjian.tao@asu.edu Received 29 October 2006, in final form 19 December 2006 Published 1 May 2007 Online at stacks

Zhang, Yanchao

384

Steeler Nation, 12th Man, and Boo Birds: Classifying Twitter User Interests using Time Series  

E-print Network

Steeler Nation, 12th Man, and Boo Birds: Classifying Twitter User Interests using Time Series Tao-- The problem of Twitter user classification using the contents of tweets is studied. We generate time series series domain. Our approach is inspired by the fact that Twitter users sometimes exhibit the periodicity

Lee, Dongwon

385

8th International Conference Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing , Collaboratecom 2012 Pittsburgh, PA, United States, October 14-17, 2012 MADIS: A Multimedia-Aided Disaster Information  

E-print Network

) personnel to effectively respond in a timely manner. Currently, however the data is not integrated-Aided Disaster Information Integration System for Emergency Management Yimin Yang, Wenting Lu, Jesse Domack, Tao Li, Shu-Ching Chen, Steven Luis, Jainendra K Navlakha School of Computing and Information Sciences

Li, Tao

386

were made from the oligonucleotide positive retina, in which most RGCs showed strong fluorescence.  

E-print Network

depression in simple neural networks. Nature 388, 439­448 (1997). 2. Tao, H. W., Zhang, L. I., Bi, G. Q. Neurosci. 20, 3233­3243 (2000). 3. Rumelhart, D. E., Hinton, G. E. & Williams, R. J. Learning representations by back-propagation errors. Nature 323, 533­536 (1986). 4. Cohen-cory, S. & Fraser, S. E. BDNF

Cai, Long

387

THERMAL CAMERA IMAGING OF ROCK PILES AT THE QUESTA MOLYBDENUM MINE, QUESTA, NEW MEXICO1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1969 and 1981 open pit methods were used to recover the molybdenum ore producing some 317.5 million metric tons of mined rock from the Questa molybdenum mine, which went into nine rock piles. The mine is located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of Taos County in northern New Mexico. As part of a multi-disciplinary study to determine the

Heather R. Shannon; John M. Sigda; Remke L. Van Dam; Jan M. H. Hendrickx; Virginia T. McLemore

388

Alternating Proximal Gradient Method for Convex Minimization ...  

E-print Network

Sep 9, 2012 ... vector x (denoted as ?x?2), nuclear norm of a matrix X (denoted as ?X??), ..... We use the first subproblem as an example and the arguments hold similarly ...... [8] E. J. Cand`es and T. Tao, The power of convex relaxation: ...

2012-09-15

389

ACCELERATED LINEARIZED BREGMAN METHOD June 21, 2011 ...  

E-print Network

Jun 21, 2011 ... and its convex relaxation, the nuclear norm minimization problem: ... method depends on a single parameter µ > 0 and, as the analysis in [5, 7] shows, actually ...... [10] E. J. Cand`es and T. Tao, The power of convex relaxation: ...

2011-06-22

390

NASA's new modeling framework for integrating cloud processes explicitly within each grid column of a general circulation model can improve realism over the conventional model that  

E-print Network

, DUANE E. WALISER, ARTHUR HOU, XIN LIN, CHRISTA PETERS-LIDARD, WILLIAM LAU, JONATHAN JIANG, AND JOANNE Issues BY WEI-KUO TAO, JIUN-DAR CHERN, ROBERT ATLAS, DAVID RANDALL, MARAT KHAIROUTDINOV, JUI-LIN LI Center, Greenbelt, Maryland; LIN--Goddard Earth Sciences and Technology Center, University of Maryland

Randall, David A.

391

A New Carbon Allotrope with Six-Fold Helical Chains in all-sp2  

E-print Network

A New Carbon Allotrope with Six-Fold Helical Chains in all-sp2 Bonding Networks Jian-Tao Wang1 structures from linear carbyne, we identify by ab initio calculations a new carbon allotrope in R3m (D5 3d allotrope found in recent detonation experiments. These results establish a new carbon phase and offer

Wang, Wei Hua

392

Los Alamos National Laboratory August 2010  

E-print Network

Rd. Knoxville, TN 37932 865-769-8888 B&B Environmental Safety, Inc. 4200 West Jemez Road Los Alamos. 201 Camino de la Merced Taos, NM 87571 575-758-4175 Burgos Group, LLC 4700 Lincoln Road NE Albuquerque-267 -t613 Cavanagh Services Group, Inc. 261 8.300 South, Suite 200 Salt Lake City, UT 841I I 80t-532

393

Molecular Beacons DOI: 10.1002/anie.201209440  

E-print Network

and Gene Therapy** Tao Chen, Cuichen Sam Wu, Elizabeth Jimenez, Zhi Zhu, Joshua G. Dajac, Mingxu You, Da facilitated the development of disease diagnosis and gene therapy. For example, both linear[2] and hairpin[3 for gene therapy.[5a] The advantages of nucleic acid probes lie in the simplicity of their synthesis

Tan, Weihong

394

George N. Bennett Bonnie Bartel  

E-print Network

-Stafshede assistant Professors Mary Ellen Lane Kevin R. MacKenzie James A. McNew Jonathan Silberg Yizhi Jane TaoCulty fellows Sarah Bondos Darrell Pilling leCturer/laboratory CoorDinators Beth Beason David R. Caprette MDjunCt faCulty Ricardo Azevedo Blaine Cole Jeff Glassberg Dan Graur Nancy Greig Adam Kuspa Wen-Hsiung Li

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

395

Structurally Defined Nanoscale Sheets from Self-Assembly of Collagen-Mimetic Peptides  

E-print Network

Structurally Defined Nanoscale Sheets from Self-Assembly of Collagen-Mimetic Peptides Tao Jiang of two collagen-mimetic peptide sequences, NSI and NSII, that self-assemble into structurally defined. The molecularly programmed self- assembly of peptides NSI and NSII into nanosheets suggests that sequence

Salaita, Khalid

396

Synchronization Strategy Research of Pneumatic Servo System Based on Separate Control of Meter-in and Meter-out  

E-print Network

Synchronization Strategy Research of Pneumatic Servo System Based on Separate Control of Meter-in and Meter-out Xiaocong Zhu, Jian Cao, Guoliang Tao, Bin Yao Member, IEEE Abstract-- In the pneumatic trajectory could be tracked in a single pneumatic cylinder and then the cylinder could be controlled

Yao, Bin

397

Differentiated Contention Resolution for QoS in Photonic Packet-Switched Networks  

E-print Network

Differentiated Contention Resolution for QoS in Photonic Packet-Switched Networks Tao Zhang, Kejie resolution in photonic packet-switched networks by exploiting recirculation buffering and deflection routing, photonic packet-switched networks have been proposed, in which data packets can be transmitted

Jue, Jason P.

398

Multiple-Implementation Testing for XACML Implementations  

E-print Network

Multiple-Implementation Testing for XACML Implementations Nuo Li1,2 JeeHyun Hwang1 Tao Xie1 1 Web applications enhance their security via access-control systems. XACML is a standardized policy functionalities to validate XACML requests against XACML poli- cies. To ensure the quality of an XACML

Xie, Tao

399

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

& Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36 to Hydrocarbons R. Davis, L. Tao, E.C.D. Tan, M.J. Biddy, G.T. Beckham, and C. Scarlata National Renewable Energy

400

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature10380 Small molecule inhibitors reveal NiemannPick C1 is  

E-print Network

for Ebola virus infection Marceline Co^te´1 *, John Misasi1,2 *, Tao Ren3 *, Anna Bruchez1 *, Kyungae Lee3 Figure 1 | Structure and function of Ebola virus entry inhibitors. a, Compounds 3.0 and 3.47. b, c, Vero

Chandran, Kartik

401

Controlled GPS Signal Simulation for Indoors  

E-print Network

Controlled GPS Signal Simulation for Indoors Tao Hu1 , Ge´ rard Lachapelle1 , Richard Klukas2 (1112, GPS chipset receiver manufacturers will possibly have to test their products to ensure. Hardware GPS signal simulators are now able to simulate signals under a variety of attenuation

Calgary, University of

402

78 FR 43912 - Final Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances, Final Environmental Assessment, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ranch in Taos County, New Mexico, and Costilla County, Colorado...Canadian River basins in New Mexico and Colorado. It is the southernmost...nonnative trout, whirling disease, fire, drought, and the...trout on private lands in New Mexico and Colorado. Expected...

2013-07-22

403

78 FR 5480 - Draft Candidate Conservation Agreement With Assurances and Draft Environmental Assessment; Rio...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ranch in Taos County, New Mexico, and Costilla County, Colorado...Canadian River basins in New Mexico and Colorado. It is the southernmost...nonnative trout, whirling disease, poor habitat conditions...trout on private lands in New Mexico. Expected conservation...

2013-01-25

404

Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP) Report M. J. McPhaden, NOAA/PMEL  

E-print Network

ATLAS moorings along 95°-110°W have been added to the TAO data delivery web page, and barometric at PMEL and in the prototype phase at present is to develop a new generation of deep ocean surface mooring

405

Dynamics of laser-produced Sn microplasma for a high-brightness extreme ultraviolet light source  

E-print Network

. Yuspeh,a Y. Tao, R. A. Burdt, M. S. Tillack, Y. Ueno, and F. Najmabadi Department of Electrical spot and plasma size for a metrology source, a 1.064 neodymium-doped yt- trium aluminum garnet Nd affects the plasma at both laser wavelengths,8,9 very little work has been conducted with spots sizes

Najmabadi, Farrokh

406

Supplementary Fig. 1. Geographical definition of the fourteen regions. NPO North Pacific Ocean, NAM North America, NAO North Atlantic Ocean, EUR Europe, ASI Asia, TPO  

E-print Network

, NAM ­ North America, NAO ­ North Atlantic Ocean, EUR ­ Europe, ASI ­ Asia, TPO ­ Tropical Pacific Ocean, TAO ­ Tropical Atlantic Ocean, AFR ­ Africa, TIO ­ Tropical Indian Ocean, SPO ­ South Pacific Ocean, SAM ­ South America, SAO ­ South Atlantic Ocean, SIO ­ South Indian Ocean, OCE ­ Oceania. 5 #12

Meskhidze, Nicholas

407

Evolutionary Document Summarization for Disaster Management  

E-print Network

Evolutionary Document Summarization for Disaster Management Dingding Wang Li Zheng Tao Li Yi Deng. In addition, it is also very challenging to extract the changes of the event at different phases for disaster management. In this paper, we develop a novel evolutionary summarization system to summarize the changes

Li, Tao

408

A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte IRD, Noumea / LEGOS, Toulouse  

E-print Network

A. Ganachaud, S. Cravatte IRD, Noumea / LEGOS, Toulouse with contributions from W. Kessler, C. Maes 13 institutes 5 countries #12;TAO/TRITON SPICE NPOCE OKMC GAIAITF Gateway IMOS A West Pacific, 2010 IMOS A West Pacific coordination 2010 2010 2011 1986 2008 2007 2003 Qingdao, October 2012 Slide 3

409

Plant Ecology VOLUME 5, NUMBER 1,  

E-print Network

and diversity Da-Yong Zhang1, *, Bo-Yu Zhang2,3 , Kui Lin1 , Xinhua Jiang1 , Yi Tao3 , Stephen Hubbell4 interpretation of the relation between Fisher's a and Hubbell's fundamental biodiversity number. Our model shows

Ostling, Annette

410

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu an advantage for output power prediction. Solar Energy Prediction System Our prediction model is based variability of more then 100 kW per minute. For practical usage of solar energy, predicting times of high

Cerpa, Alberto E.

411

Microwave and Terahertz wave sensing with metamaterials  

E-print Network

Microwave and Terahertz wave sensing with metamaterials Hu Tao,1 Emil A. Kadlec,2 Andrew C designed, fabricated, and characterized metamaterial enhanced bimaterial cantilever pixels for far codes: (160.3918) Metamaterials; (040.2235) Detectors, Far infrared or terahertz; (050.6875) Three

Zhang, Xin

412

Trust Credential Distribution in Autonomic Institute for Systems Research  

E-print Network

Trust Credential Distribution in Autonomic Networks Tao Jiang Institute for Systems Research and new challenges for trust management systems. In autonomic networks, trust credentials are typically University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 Email: tjiang@umd.edu John S. Baras Institute for Systems

Baras, John S.

413

http://www.purdue.edu/discoverypark July 2012_NT10 Discovery Park Impact  

E-print Network

of new drugs aimed at cancer. They sought assistance from Purdue University and Discovery Park, named pIMAGO, is currently in the final stages of development as an improved method for cancer drug for the Development of Improved Cancer Therapies NEED The innovative research of Prof. Andy Tao and Dr. Anton Iliuk

Holland, Jeffrey

414

Extensions of Compressed Sensing Yaakov Tsaig  

E-print Network

. These results show that, when appropriately deployed in a favorable setting, the CS framework is able to save with J. Romberg and T. Tao. Raphy Coifman asked us insistently about the question of the constants in (1 sampling rates, and lower communications burden. Several recent papers [20, 3, 14, 5], have shown that

Donoho, David

415

Cultural Issues of School Dropouts in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the 150 years of British colonial governance in Hong Kong, Chinese collectivist culture continues to be a dominant source of influence in the learning context of students (Cheng, 1998; Salili, Lai and Leung, 2004; Tao and Hong, 2000), placing a great emphasis on education and effort (Salili and Lai, 2003). Education is viewed as the…

Lau, Yuk King; Tsang, Bill Y. P.; Kwok, Diana K.

2007-01-01

416

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature13163 REST and stress resistance in ageing and  

E-print Network

ARTICLE doi:10.1038/nature13163 REST and stress resistance in ageing and Alzheimer's disease Tao Lu cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Chromatin immunoprecipitation with deep sequencing and expression analysis show that REST represses genes that promote cell death and Alzheimer's disease pathology

Liu, X. Shirley

417

Optimization of 3-hole-assisted PMMA optical fiber with double cladding for UV-induced FBG  

E-print Network

of fabricating polymer optical fiber preform for polymer optical fibers," US patent Application No. 12/329, 545.2280) Fiber design and fabrication; (060.4005) Microstructured fibers; (060.3738) Fiber Bragg gratings, "Fabrication of UV sensitive single-mode polymeric optical fiber," Opt. Mater. 28, 181-188 (2006). 5. X. M. Tao

Wai, Ping-kong Alexander

418

AUTOMATIC ROAD EXTRACTION FROM DENSE URBAN AREA BY INTEGRATED PROCESSING OF HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY AND LIDAR DATA  

E-print Network

AND LIDAR DATA Xiangyun Hu C. Vincent Tao Yong Hu Geospatial Information and Communication Technology Lab, Multisensor, High Resolution, LIDAR, Urban, Contextual ABSTRACT: Automated and reliable 3D city model on the integrated processing of high resolution imagery and LIDAR (LIght Detection And Ranging) data for automatic

Salvaggio, Carl

419

The Butterfly in the Garden: Utopia and the Feminine in The Story of the Stone  

Microsoft Academic Search

With Peach Blossom Spring and other poetical works written by Tao Qian in the 5th century, there was born a vision of utopia that remains forever etched into the Chinese collective imaginary. Thirteen centuries later, Cao Xueqin drew inspiration from it when he gave form to the ‘Grandview Garden’, a universe with fundamentally female characteristics and one of the centres

Kam-ming Wong

2006-01-01

420

Int. J. High Performance Computing and Networking, Vol. 1, Nos. 1/2/3, 2004 43 Dynamic Task Scheduling with  

E-print Network

as follows: Xie, T.; Qin, X.; Sung, A.; Lin, M.; and Yang, L. (2006) `Dynamic Task Scheduling with Security Enterprises Ltd. #12;44 T. XIE, X. QIN, A. SUNG, M. LIN AND L. YANG Spring scheduling algorithm (Ramamritham Scheduling with Security Awareness in Real-Time Systems Tao Xie, Xiao Qin, Andrew Sung Department of Computer

Qin, Xiao

421

A Pattern Tree-based Approach to Learning URL Normalization Rules  

E-print Network

A Pattern Tree-based Approach to Learning URL Normalization Rules Tao Lei , Rui Cai , Jiang}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Duplicate URLs have brought serious troubles to the whole pipeline of a search engine, from crawling, indexing, to re- sult serving. URL normalization is to transform duplicate URLs to a canonical

Narasayya, Vivek

422

We Shared the Same Chapter: Collaboration, Learning, and Transformation from the 2008 Subsistence, the Environment, and Community Well-Being Native Youth Exchange in Old Harbor, Alaska Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On a small island belonging to the Alutiiq people of Old Harbor, 11 people sat around a campfire. Two community leaders, a nonprofit organizer, an academic scholar, a native filmmaker, and six young people from the Indian reservation of Taos Pueblo in New Mexico gathered after a day of interacting with Old Harbor residents--fishing, hunting and…

Richmond, Laurie; Di Piero, Daniela; Espinoza, Flowers; Simeonoff, Teacon; Faraday, Margaret

2010-01-01

423

WORKING QUANTUM EFFICIENCY OF CDTE SOLAR CELL Zimeng Cheng  

E-print Network

, the quantum efficiency of CdTe solar cell with various optical biases, which is titled as "Working Quantum Chen 1 , Tao Zhou 2 , Qi Wang 3 , George E. Georgiou 1 , Ken K. Chin 1 1 Apollo CdTe Solar Energy Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO 80401 USA ABSTRACT For p-CdTe/n-CdS solar cell

424

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey Project Stellar Variability. II. Detection of 15 Variable Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) project has collected more than a billion photometric measurements since 2005 January. These sky survey data—covering timescales from a fraction of a second to a few hundred days—are a useful source to study stellar variability. A total of 167 star fields, mostly along the ecliptic plane, have been selected for photometric monitoring with the TAOS telescopes. This paper presents our initial analysis of a search for periodic variable stars from the time-series TAOS data on one particular TAOS field, No. 151 (R.A. = 17h30m6.s7, decl. = 27°17'30'', J2000), which had been observed over 47 epochs in 2005. A total of 81 candidate variables are identified in the 3 deg2 field, with magnitudes in the range 8 < R < 16. On the basis of the periodicity and shape of the light curves, 29 variables, 15 of which were previously unknown, are classified as RR Lyrae, Cepheid, ? Scuti, SX Phonencis, semi-regular, and eclipsing binaries.

Mondal, S.; Lin, C. C.; Chen, W. P.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y.-I.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; Kim, D.-W.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lehner, M. J.; Lin, H.-C.; Marshall, S. L.; Protopapas, P.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, J.-H.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.

2010-05-01

425

The Taiwan-American Occultation Survey Project Stellar Variability. I. Detection of Low-Amplitude ? Scuti Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyzed data accumulated during 2005 and 2006 by the Taiwan-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) in order to detect short-period variable stars (periods of lsim1 hr) such as ? Scuti. TAOS is designed for the detection of stellar occultation by small-size Kuiper Belt Objects and is operating four 50 cm telescopes at an effective cadence of 5 Hz. The four telescopes simultaneously monitor the same patch of the sky in order to reduce false positives. To detect short-period variables, we used the fast Fourier transform algorithm (FFT) in as much as the data points in TAOS light curves are evenly spaced. Using FFT, we found 41 short-period variables with amplitudes smaller than a few hundredths of a magnitude and periods of about an hour, which suggest that they are low-amplitude ? Scuti stars. The light curves of TAOS ? Scuti stars are accessible online at the Time Series Center Web site (http://timemachine.iic.harvard.edu).

Kim, D.-W.; Protopapas, P.; Alcock, C.; Byun, Y.-I.; Kyeong, J.; Lee, B.-C.; Wright, N. J.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Chen, W.-P.; Coehlo, N. K.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; King, S.-K.; Lee, T.; Lehner, M. J.; Lin, H.-C.; Marshall, S. L.; Porrata, R.; Rice, J. A.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, J.-H.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-W.

2010-02-01

426

A Comparative Study on Content-Based Music Genre Classification  

E-print Network

A Comparative Study on Content-Based Music Genre Classification Tao Li Computer Science Dept University of Delaware Newark, DE 19716 qili@cis.udel.edu ABSTRACT Content-based music genre classification has been done on automatic music genre classification, and in addition, the reported classifi- cation

Li, Tao

427

2003 IEEE Workshop on Applications of Signal Processing to Audio and Acoustics October 19-22, 2003, New Paltz, NY FACTORS IN AUTOMATIC MUSICAL GENRE CLASSIFICATION OF AUDIO SIGNALS  

E-print Network

, New Paltz, NY FACTORS IN AUTOMATIC MUSICAL GENRE CLASSIFICATION OF AUDIO SIGNALS Tao Li Computer, PA 15221, USA gtzan@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT Automatic musical genre classification is an important tool content of the music. Therefore auto- matic musical genre classification provides a good way to evaluate

Tzanetakis, George

428

MUSIC GENRE CLASSIFICATION WITH TAXONOMY School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

MUSIC GENRE CLASSIFICATION WITH TAXONOMY Tao Li School of Computer Science Florida International Rochester, NY, 14627 ABSTRACT Automatic music genre classification is a fundamental compo- nent of music music genre clas- sification, little has been done on hierarchical classification with taxonomies

Li, Tao

429

Vertical spreading of two-dimensional crystalline colloidal arrays  

E-print Network

evaporation and Langmuir­Blodget deposition, etc. have been used to prepare 2-D colloidal arrays on planarVertical spreading of two-dimensional crystalline colloidal arrays Jian-Tao Zhang,a Luling Wang-dimensional (2-D) ordered monolayer crystalline colloidal arrays (CCAs). This phenom- enon can be used to rapidly

Asher, Sanford A.

430

Eleventh Industrial Mathematical and Statistical Modeling Workshop for Graduate Students  

E-print Network

, Mette S. Olufsen, Ralph C. Smith and Hien Tran #12;ii #12;iii Participants Students 1. Affane Aji, Auburn University 41. Tweedy, Eamonn, NCSU 42. Vijayat, Amith, Clarkson University #12;iv 43. Vogl, Chris. Pang, Tao 9. Pelletier, Denis 10. Smith, Charlie 11. Smith, Ralph 12. Tran, Hien 13. Zenkov, Dmitry 14

431

PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING October 2007 1085 Mapping High-Resolution Incident  

E-print Network

monitoring; and urban and regional planners for mitigating heat island effects. A worldwide observation Photosynthetically Active Radiation over Land from Polar-Orbiting and Geostationary Satellite Data Shunlin Liang, Tao coarser spatial resolution and higher temporal resolution and are not suitable for land applications

Liang, Shunlin

432

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 3rd A Semantic Approach to Intelligent and Adaptive Learning Based  

E-print Network

D1.1 Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 3rd , 2013 A Semantic Approach to Intelligent and Adaptive Learning Based on Web Learning Objects Maria Sette and Lixin Tao Pace--Tutoring systems are computer-based learning systems. In order to be "intelligent" they must present "human- like

Tappert, Charles

433

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 8 MAY 2011 | DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1991 Spatially resolving edge states of chiral  

E-print Network

of chiral graphene nanoribbons Chenggang Tao1,2 , Liying Jiao3 , Oleg V. Yazyev1,2 , Yen-Chia Chen1, USA, 2Materials Science Division and Chemical Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for Nanoscale Science and Technology, Rice University, Texas 77005, USA. These authors contributed equally

Zettl, Alex

434

MONITORING NETWORK STRUCTURE AND CONTENT QUALITY OF SIGNAL PROCESSING ARTICLES ON WIKIPEDIA  

E-print Network

MONITORING NETWORK STRUCTURE AND CONTENT QUALITY OF SIGNAL PROCESSING ARTICLES ON WIKIPEDIA Tao C the network struc- ture and content quality of Signal Processing (SP) articles on Wikipedia. Using metrics to quantify the importance and quality of articles, we generate a list of SP articles on Wikipedia arranged

Vetterli, Martin

435

This article was downloaded by:[University of Michigan] On: 25 February 2008  

E-print Network

This article was downloaded by:[University of Michigan] On: 25 February 2008 Access Details February 2008 To cite this Article: Rosenberg, Noah A. and Tao, Randa (2008) 'Discordance of Species Trees to this article: DOI: 10.1080/10635150801905535 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10635150801905535 PLEASE SCROLL

Rosenberg, Noah

436

to simple and complex cells in visual cortex An effective kinetic representation of fluctuation-driven neuronal networks with application  

E-print Network

-driven neuronal networks with application David Cai, Louis Tao, Michael Shelley, and David W. McLaughlin doi:10*§ , and David W. McLaughlin*§ *Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences and §Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10012 Contributed by David W. McLaughlin, March 24, 2004 A coarse

McLaughlin, David

437

Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 49(6): 167-174 E 2006 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351 167  

E-print Network

ISOLATION C. Tao, B. He ABSTRACT. High erucic acid (HEA) seed oils can be processed enzymatically to produce source of EA is the high erucic acid (HEA) seed oils of the Crucifereae family, which includes rapeseed and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351 167 PROCESS STUDY ON ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF CRAMBE OIL FOR ERUCIC ACID

He, Brian

438

CARBON MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE OCTOBER 21-23, 2013 Hilton Alexandria Old Town Alexandria, Virginia Page 1  

E-print Network

can deliver CO2 migration/leakage indications. Meckel et al. [11] interpreted permanent down' activities. Tao et al. [15] analyzed the same pressure and temperature data (collected from the monitoring mechanisms, CO2 plume extension, and reservoir pressure build up. Sifuentes et al. [14] studied the effect

Mohaghegh, Shahab

439

Around the World in Eighty Lines Philosoverse #2 Who we are  

E-print Network

Ethics Confucian Ethics & Religion Tao-ism Dogen Laozi ­ from beyond the grave Tibetan Bon Mongol the virtues. He is the pinnacle of humanity. ­ Maria Rosala Confucian Ethics and Religion The ancient Worldview Plato's Ethics Philosophy of Victors From the Sultan to the Franks Ultimate Reality A Fateful

Stevenson, Paul

440

On the (Dis)similarity of Transactional Memory Workloads Clay Hughes  

E-print Network

, and Tao Li Intelligent Design of Efficient Architecture Lab (IDEAL) University of Florida, Gainesville to exploit the resources in a multicore system remains a major obstacle for both computer and software of simulations without contributing new insight. On the other hand, arbitrarily choosing a subset

Roy, Subrata

441

Group Counseling With Emotionally Disturbed School Children in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of group counseling to emotionally disturbed school children in Chinese culture was examined. Two junior high schools located in Tao-Yuan Province were randomly selected with two eighth-grade classes randomly selected from each school. Ten emotionally disturbed students were chosen from each class and randomly assigned to two…

Chiu, Peter

442

Finding the Influence Set through Skylines Xiaobing Wu1  

E-print Network

Finding the Influence Set through Skylines Xiaobing Wu1 Yufei Tao1 Raymong Chi-Wing Wong2 Ling Ding1 Jeffrey Xu Yu1 Chinese University of Hong Kong1 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology2 that in practice BRS usually outperforms basic by a large factor. For example, when both P and O follow the anti

Wu, Dekai

443

Bringing you a prosperous future where energy is clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable  

E-print Network

installation at Pueblo of Laguna's Majors Ranch DOE has funded 129 Tribal energy projects totaling $30 million (2002 to 2010) CourtesyofIntertribalCouncilOnUtilityPolicy,PIX12817CourtesyofPuebloofLaguna #12;Winnebago (2) Ft. Sill Apache icarilla pache Laguna Taos mez Cherokee (2) MS Choctaw Eastern Cherokee (2

444

phys. stat. sol. (a) 201, No. 4, R13R16 (2004) / DOI 10.1002/pssa.200409028 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim  

E-print Network

TaO3 usually is grown in a congruently melting composition which differs from the stoichiometric one and non-destructive way especially near the point of sto- ichiometry. Various methods measuring-birefringence temperature [13]. Common to all these techniques is a restricted absolute accuracy ­ even near

Osnabrück, Universität

445

This paper will appear at the 22nd USENIX Security Symposium in Washington, D.C., August 2013. The Velocity of Censorship: High-Fidelity Detection of Microblog Post  

E-print Network

Introduction Virtually all measurements of Internet censorship are bi- ased in some way, simply because. The Velocity of Censorship: High-Fidelity Detection of Microblog Post Deletions Tao Zhu zhutao777@gmail for exercising internal censorship, to comply with Chinese government requirements. This research seeks

Crandall, Jedidiah R.

446

Proof-carrying authentication  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have designed and implemented a general and powerful distributed authentication framework based on higher-order logic. Authentication frameworks — including Taos, SPKI, SDSI, and X.509 — have been explained using logic. We show that by starting with the logic, we can implement these frameworks, all in the same concise and efficient system. Because our logic has no decision procedure —

Andrew W. Appel; Edward W. Felten

1999-01-01

447

A Selective Introduction to Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Security Issues  

E-print Network

A Selective Introduction to Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Security Issues Tao Wan P.C. van Oorschot, Ottawa, Canada. August 1, 2005 Abstract The Internet has become a critical communication infrastructure, and data are all transmitted over the same network, disruption of the Internet can cause more severe damage

Van Oorschot, Paul

448

Los Angeles PACIFICOCEAN  

E-print Network

Jose, 75 miles south of San Francisco, and 350 miles north of Los Angeles. Computer Engineering @ UC SANTA CRUZUniversity of California, Santa Cruz Department of Computer Engineering 1156 High Street Santa. Kurniawan, R. Manduchi, P. Mantey, J. Rosen, H. Tao Department of Computer Engineering The Baskin School

California at Santa Cruz, University of

449

Taoist Lessons for Educational Leaders: Gentle Pathways to Resolving Conflicts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores ways in which educational leaders can apply the wisdom of the Tao in their day-to-day work in schools. It offers an alternative to the standard ways of western thinking to give the leader more possibilities when confronting a situation. We tend to value immediate and decisive action, winning, directing, and getting one's way.…

Heller, Daniel

2012-01-01

450

Probing the size and density of silicon nanocrystals in nanocrystal memory device applications  

E-print Network

of nanocrystal floating gate memory devices made via Si ion implantation. The samples investigated consist of 15Probing the size and density of silicon nanocrystals in nanocrystal memory device applications Tao Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1852078 Silicon nanocrystal memories1 have attracted much at- tention

Atwater, Harry

451

IN MEMORIAM OF PROF. DR. RDIGER BORMANN The University of Bayreuth mourns its president, Professor Dr. Rdiger Bormann,  

E-print Network

of higher education, academics, and research. From 2006 until 2009 he was the deputy chair of the Scientific-academic organizations. He worked on the concept for the TechnologieAllianzOberfranken (TAO), an organization geared also initiated reform to doctorate education practices with special attention paid to aspects

Ullmann, G. Matthias

452

Scoping Plan Measures Implementation Timeline May 5, 2009  

E-print Network

2010; Final compliance 2013 0.93 Regulation David Chen 6 Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Systems Reductions from Mobile Sources Low GWP Refrigerants for New Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Systems H-5 C-179 ARB 2010 2015 2.5 Regulation Tao Huai 24 Refinery Flare Recovery System Improvement I-4 C-155 ARB

453

ENGLISH LEARNING STRATEGY USE BY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effects of gender, parents' education level and learning experience out of school on English learning strategy use. The subjects are 82 sixth grade elementary school students in Tao-Yuan county. The instrument is an English learning questionnaire modified from Oxford's Strategy Inventory for Language Learning. According to the results, the elementary school students do use learning strategies

Shiu-chen Hsu

454

Middle Pleistocene climate and habitat change at Zhoukoudian, China, from the carbon and oxygen isotopic record from  

E-print Network

isotopic record from herbivore tooth enamel Mabry Gaboardia,T, Tao Dengb , Yang Wanga a Department carbonate in fossil tooth enamel from a diverse group of herbivores from Zhoukoudian are analyzed choukoutienensis. The carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions of structural carbonate within the enamel

Wang, Yang

455

Web Multimedia Object Clustering via Information Fusion Wenting Lu1,2  

E-print Network

of our proposed method. Keywords-Multimedia Object Clustering, Image, Text, Infor- mation Fusion, Dynamic to web image clustering is to integrate such text information with image information to generate a hybridWeb Multimedia Object Clustering via Information Fusion Wenting Lu1,2 , Lei Li2 , Tao Li2 1 Pattern

Li, Tao

456

Restriction theorems for a surface with negative curvature  

Microsoft Academic Search

We prove a bilinear restriction theorem for a surface of negative curvature. This is the analogue of the results of T. Wolff [19] and T. Tao [14], [15] for cones and paraboloids. As a consequence we obtain an almost sharp linear restriction theorem.

Ana Vargas; Facultad Ciencias

2005-01-01

457

An Introduction to a Class of Matrix Cone Programming  

E-print Network

example, in nuclear norm relaxations of affine rank minimization problems. ... of interests due to their high efficiency in solving large scale semidefinite .... the order of the matrix variable implies that it can be very costly, if possible at all, to solve (3) ...... [3] Cand`es, E.J. and Tao, T.: The power of convex relaxation: Near-

2010-09-26

458

FAST ALTERNATING LINEARIZATION METHODS FOR MINIMIZING ...  

E-print Network

Feb 9, 2012 ... The nuclear norm minimization problem, which ... is comparable in cost to computing a subgradient of ?X??, or the gradient of the .... also efficiently solve ?1-regularized problems arising from statistics and data analysis. ...... [10] E. J. Cand`es and T. Tao, The power of convex relaxation: near-optimal ...

2012-02-09

459

75 FR 2889 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--International...National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993, 15 U...simultaneously with the Attorney General and the Federal Trade Commission...Bay, HONG KONG- CHINA; and Quanta Computer Inc., Tao Yuan...

2010-01-19

460

A Recursive Random Search Algorithm for Network Parameter Optimization  

E-print Network

considered a black art and is normally performed based on network administrators' experience, trial and error Simulator Network Network Model Optimization Black-box Algorithm Experiment Parameters Performance MetricA Recursive Random Search Algorithm for Network Parameter Optimization Tao Ye 1 Shivkumar

Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

461

Appl Intell DOI 10.1007/s10489-010-0220-9  

E-print Network

factorization and tensorial probabilistic latent semantic analysis Wei Peng · Tao Li © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) and Probabilistic Latent Semantic (Tensorial Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis), are studied. Two types of T-PLSA models are shown

Li, Tao

462

A Cooperative MAC Protocol for Wireless Local Area Networks  

E-print Network

A Cooperative MAC Protocol for Wireless Local Area Networks Pei Liu, Zhifeng Tao and Shivendra the performance of the IEEE 802.11 medium access control (MAC) protocol. The new MAC protocol leverages the multi MAC protocol, namely CoopMAC I and CoopMAC II, are introduced in the paper. Both are able to increase

Panwar, Shivendra S.

463

A Cooperative MAC protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks  

E-print Network

A Cooperative MAC protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Thanasis Korakis, Zhifeng Tao , Yevgeniy. In this paper, we extend a cooperative MAC protocol called CoopMAC [1] into the ad hoc network environment1. Extensive simulations in a large scale wireless ad- hoc network (150 stations) show that CoopMAC

Panwar, Shivendra S.

464

Active Balancing Using Gyroscopes for a Small Humanoid Robot  

E-print Network

Active Balancing Using Gyroscopes for a Small Humanoid Robot Jacky Baltes and Sara McGrath and John-PIE-PIE, a small humanoid robot given rate feedback from two RC gyroscopes. TAO-PIE-PIE is a fully autonomous small and 2003. The feedback control law is based solely on the rate information from two RC gyroscopes

Baltes, Jacky

465

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs  

E-print Network

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs Tao Xie@cs.washington.edu Abstract Developers often create common tests and special tests, which exercise common behaviors and special behaviors of the class under test, respectively. Although manually created tests are valuable

Xie, Tao

466

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions  

E-print Network

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions Tao Xie1 of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 Abstract. Unit testing, a common step in software development, presents a chal- lenge. When produced manually, unit test suites are often insufficient to identify defects. The main

Xie, Tao

467

slides compiled from Alex Aiken's,  

E-print Network

Testing slides compiled from Alex Aiken's, Neelam Gupta's, Tao Xie's. #12;CS590F Software Reliability Why Testing Researchers investigate many approaches to improving software quality But the world tests > 50% of the cost of software development is testing Testing is consistently a hot research topic

Zhang, Xiangyu

468

JOURNAL OF WATERWAY, PORT, COASTAL, AND OCEAN ENGINEERING / JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2000 / 39 BOUSSINESQ MODELING OF WAVE TRANSFORMATION,  

E-print Network

(1970) introduced artificial viscosity terms into momentum conservation equations in order to capture for a breaking scheme. Tao (1983, 1984) used a crude nonconservative eddy viscosity term in order to model. The model uses two main extensions to the Boussinesq equations: a momentum-conserving eddy viscosity

Kirby, James T.

469

Daytime Arctic Cloud Detection based on Multi-angle Satellite Data with Case Studies  

E-print Network

Daytime Arctic Cloud Detection based on Multi-angle Satellite Data with Case Studies Tao Shi, Bin of these dependences requires accurate Arctic-wide measurements, especially of cloud coverage as gains or losses in cloud coverage can, in turn, affect surface air temperatures. Cloud detection in the Arctic is extremely

Yu, Bin

470

Daytime Arctic Cloud Detection Based on Multi-Angle Satellite Data With Case Studies  

E-print Network

Daytime Arctic Cloud Detection Based on Multi-Angle Satellite Data With Case Studies Tao SHI, Bin in the Arctic. A systematic study of these dependences requires accurate Arctic-wide measurements, especially of cloud coverage. Thus cloud detection in the Arctic is extremely important, but it is also challenging

Shi, Tao

471

BLOOD CHARACTERIZATION FROM PULSATILE BIOIMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY  

E-print Network

BLOOD CHARACTERIZATION FROM PULSATILE BIOIMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY Tao Dai Systems and Computer Engineering, Carleton University, Canada e-mail: adler@sce.carleton.ca 1 INTRODUCTION The bioimpedance. The original bioimpedance technique was bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Within a decade, this technique

Adler, Andy

472

Journal of Neuroscience Methods xxx (2006) xxxxxx 3D volume reconstruction of a mouse brain from histological  

E-print Network

histological sections using warp filtering Tao Jue,, Joe Warrena, James Carsonf, Musodiq Bellod, Ioannis, Germany d University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA e Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA f Pacific, Campus Box 1045, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. Tel.: +1 314 935 6648. E-mail address: taoju@cs.wustl.edu (T

Ju, Tao

473

2006 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; April 2006; v. 34; no. 4; p. 309312; doi: 10.1130/G22254.1; 3 figures. 309  

E-print Network

levels, indicate that this part of southern Tibet was less than 2900­3400 m above sea level in the latest of Geological Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4100, USA, and National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA Tao Deng Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology

Wang, Yang

474

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 465 (1999) 7279 In situ STM study of self-assembled mercaptopropionic acid  

E-print Network

-assembled mercaptopropionic acid monolayers for electrochemical detection of dopamine M.J. Giz 1 , B. Duong, N.J. Tao for electrochemical detection of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid and characterized by in situ STM leaving the oxidation of dopamine unchanged. The selectivity is lost below -0.5 V (Ag #12; AgCl #12; 3 M

Tao, Nongjian

475

To Help My People: The Evolution of a Paraprofessional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Half Pueblo and half white, a young man grew up in the Taos Pueblo, made contributions to his Indian people, and decided to work as a mental health professional. Having grown up learning the Indian ways, the young man accepted his heritage and pursued a college education in Social Work after working as a teacher's aide at the Pueblo Day School,…

Archuleta, Carlos

476

SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences  

E-print Network

monsoon, Southeast Asian monsoon, East Asian monsoon, and Western North Pacific monsoon. The Pan-Asian monsoon region is the principal region of the summer rainfall over the Asian-Pacific monsoon region the Asian mon- soon region. In the 1980s, Tao et al. [1] proposed that Asian summer monsoon included two

477

Emphasis on Interpersonal Factors in a Dynamic Model of Relapse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents comments on "Relapse Prevention Needs More Emphasis on Interpersonal Factors" by Stanton which is a comment on the original article "Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao" by Katie Witkiewitz and G. Alan Marlatt. In the current comment the authors of the original article respond to…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Marlatt, G. Alan

2005-01-01

478

Relapse Prevention Needs More Emphasis on Interpersonal Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents comments on "Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao," by Katie Witkiewitz and G.A. Marlatt. Stanton notes that the recent reconceptualization of relapse prevention by Witkiewitz and Marlatt enhances the model by "synthesizing recent empirical findings into a unified theory", but it does…

Stanton, Mark

2005-01-01

479

End-to-End Text Recognition with Convolutional Neural Networks David J. Wu  

E-print Network

End-to-End Text Recognition with Convolutional Neural Networks Tao Wang David J. Wu Adam Coates a different route and com- bine the representational power of large, multilayer neural networks together knowledge. We integrate these learned features into a large, discriminatively-trained convolutional neural

Ng, Andrew Y.

480

826 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 3, AUGUST 2002 A CongestionManagement Allocation Mechanism  

E-print Network

­Management Allocation Mechanism for Multiple Transaction Networks Shu Tao and George Gross, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In this paper, we present a physical-flow-based con- gestion management allocation mechanism for multiple rea- sonable results and is applicable to large-scale networks. Index Terms--Allocation mechanisms

Gross, George

481

CHEMICAL AND ISOTOPIC CONSTRAINTS ON SOURCE-WATERS AND CONNECTIVITY OF BASIN-FILL AQUIFERS IN THE SOUTHERN SAN LUIS BASIN, NEW MEXICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selected wells and surface water sources in the Taos Valley have been sampled and analyzed for major anions and cations, trace metals, 87 Sr\\/ 86 Sr, 3 H, ? 2 H, and ? 18 O. 87 Sr\\/ 86 Sr varies from 0.7074 to 0.7156, indicating water-rock interaction with variable source rocks. Because these waters have relatively enriched 87 Sr\\/ 86

PAUL DRAKOS; KENNETH SIMS; JIM RIESTERER; JERZY BLUSZTAJN; JAY LAZARUS

2004-01-01

482

Seasonal variation of diurnal perturbations in mesopause region temperature, zonal, and meridional winds above Fort Collins,  

E-print Network

on tidal perturbations in zonal wind between radar campaigns and our lidar observations. The lidar data winds above Fort Collins, Colorado (40.6°N, 105°W) Tao Yuan,1 C. Y. She,1 Maura E. Hagan,2 B. P 22 March 2006. [1] On the basis of lidar observations from May 2002 through April 2003, covering both

483

Safety-Ensured Coordination of Networked Medical Devices in MDPnP  

E-print Network

to generate medical errors [2]. As revealed in [2], medical errors are the leading cause of death and injury the human error-induced ac- cidents. This increasing demand has led to the establishment of the MedicalSafety-Ensured Coordination of Networked Medical Devices in MDPnP Tao Li, and Jiannong Cao

Hu, Fei

484

Hepatic cytochrome P450 induction in goats. Effects of model inducers on the metabolism of alkoxyresorufins, testosterone and ethylmorphine, and on apoprotein and mRNA levels.  

PubMed

Male and female African dwarf goats were treated orally with phenobarbital (PB) or triacetyloleandomycin (TAO), or subcutaneously with beta-naphthoflavone (BNF). Hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450 content was increased by PB and TAO, but not by BNF. PB effects on P450 activities were non-selective: ethoxyresorufin deethylase (EROD) and pentoxyresorufin depentylase (PROD), hydroxylation of testosterone (TST) and demethylation of ethylmorphine (ETM) were all induced by a factor of 2-3. A similar non-selective induction was observed with TAO, except for EROD and PROD (no effects). After PB and TAO treatment, increased levels of a protein cross-reactive with anti-sheep P450 3A and 2B were found. Thus, in dwarf goats, both PB and TAO appeared to be P450 3A inducers. Selective PB effects related to a P450 2B form on PROD are lacking but 16 alpha-hydroxylation of TST was induced markedly. At the mRNA level, PB induced an mRNA that showed good sequence homology with a human P450 3A4 cDNA probe, rather than with a rat 3A1 probe. BNF selectively induced EROD, whereas TST hydroxylation and ETM dealkylation were inhibited. With BNF-treated animals, increased concentrations of a protein cross-reactive with anti-rat P450 1A1/1A2 and of an mRNA that showed homology with a human 1A1 cDNA probe, but not with a mouse 1A1/1A2 probe, were observed. PMID:8424805

van't Klooster, G A; Horbach, G J; Natsuhori, M; Blaauboer, B J; Noordhoek, J; van Miert, A S

1993-01-01

485

The differential diagnosis and classification of eyelid retraction.  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: Classification schemes are useful in the formulation of differential diagnoses. Thoughtful commentary has been devoted to the classification of blepharoptosis, but the causes of eyelid retraction have received less attention in published reports. Although eyelid retraction most frequently is associated with Graves' ophthalmopathy, numerous other entities may cause the sign. This study was undertaken to provide a more comprehensive differential diagnosis and classification of eyelid retraction. METHODS: A series of patients with eyelid retraction was studied, and pertinent published reports were reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with different causes for eyelid retraction are described. Normal thyroid function and regulation were confirmed in all patients in whom Graves' ophthalmopathy could not be excluded by clinical, biochemical, or historical criteria. CONCLUSION: Based on a series of patients and reported cases, a differential diagnosis for eyelid retraction is proposed using a classification system comprising three categories (neurogenic, myogenic, and mechanistic). Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 A FIGURE 3 B FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 A FIGURE 7 B FIGURE 7 C FIGURE 7 D FIGURE 7 E FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 A FIGURE 10 B FIGURE 10 C FIGURE 11 A FIGURE 11 B PMID:8719687

Bartley, G B

1995-01-01

486

The Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory: Cloud-Based Mock Galaxy Catalogues  

E-print Network

We introduce the Theoretical Astrophysical Observatory (TAO), an online virtual laboratory that houses mock observations of galaxy survey data. Such mocks have become an integral part of the modern analysis pipeline. However, building them requires an expert knowledge of galaxy modelling and simulation techniques, significant investment in software development, and access to high performance computing. These requirements make it difficult for a small research team or individual to quickly build a mock catalogue suited to their needs. To address this TAO offers access to multiple cosmological simulations and semi-analytic galaxy formation models from an intuitive and clean web interface. Results can be funnelled through science modules and sent to a dedicated supercomputer for further processing and manipulation. These modules include the ability to (1) construct custom observer light-cones from the simulation data cubes; (2) generate the stellar emission from star formation histories, apply dust extinction, a...

Bernyk, Maksym; Tonini, Chiara; Hodkinson, Luke; Hassan, Amr H; Garel, Thibault; Duffy, Alan R; Mutch, Simon J; Poole, Gregory B

2014-01-01

487

Implementation aspects of nonsynchronized binary receivers  

E-print Network

, 1'M= ', Z3, 3X, 'TAO= ', F5. 3, //) 0~1. 0/FLOAT(M) C Tha following 4 statements describe the trellis IDEC(1, 1)=-1 IDEC(1, 2)=1 IDEC(2, 1)~-1 IDEC(2, 2)=1 39 C Start Simulation DO 70 LZ=i, 8 SGSNR=SORT(SNR(LI)) ICOUNT=O DO 50 Z=1, LOOP..., 1'M= ', Z3, 3X, 'TAO= ', F5. 3, //) 0~1. 0/FLOAT(M) C Tha following 4 statements describe the trellis IDEC(1, 1)=-1 IDEC(1, 2)=1 IDEC(2, 1)~-1 IDEC(2, 2)=1 39 C Start Simulation DO 70 LZ=i, 8 SGSNR=SORT(SNR(LI)) ICOUNT=O DO 50 Z=1, LOOP...

Wills, Wesley Mark

2012-06-07

488

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory On-Line Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides access to a variety of oceanographic and atmospheric data products. Some of the products available include Ocean Buoy data, tsunami data, 1997-98 El Nino sea level for the US West Coast, Alaska, and Hawaii, real-time images and data from research ships, climate databases via the FERRET program, the Atmospheric Chemistry Data Server, seafloor data from the coaxial segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, data on exploration of hydrothermal vents, Florida current transport data, EPIC observational data, Pacific Ocean hydrography from WOCE P15S Cruise cross sections, Ka'imimoana Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (ADCP) Data, Atmospheric Chemistry Trace Gas Program data, Historical TAO CTD data, near real-time TAO CTD data, and access to other distributed NOAA data and information. This site also has animations and virtual reality displays of tsunamis, El Nino and La Nina, fisheries oceanography, and Convection and Circulation at Ocean Ridge Crests.

489

Searching for Hidden, Painful Osteochondral Lesions of the Ankle in Patients with Chronic Lower Limb Pain - Two Case Reports -  

PubMed Central

It is easy to overlook osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the ankle in patients with chronic lower limb pain, such as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) or thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, Buerger's disease). A 57-year-old woman diagnosed with type 1 CRPS, and a 58-year-old man, diagnosed with TAO, complained of tactile and cold allodynia in their lower legs. After neurolytic lumbar sympathethic ganglion block and titration of medications for neuropathic pain, each subject could walk without the aid of crutches. However, they both complained of constant pain on the left ankle during walking. Focal tenderness was noted; subsequent imaging studies revealed OCLs of her talus and his distal tibia, respectively. Immediately after percutaneous osteoplasties, the patients could walk without ankle pain. It is important to consider the presence of a hidden OCL in chronic pain patients that develop weight-bearing pain and complain of localized tenderness on the ankle. PMID:23614079

Ri, Hyun Su; Lee, Dong Heon

2013-01-01

490

Role of lone-pair electrons in Sb-doped amorphous InGaZnO4: Suppression of the hole-induced lattice instability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors (TAOS's) are of practical importance for applications including oxide electronics and displays. Here we show the lone-pair s-electrons incorporated by for example Sb-doping can suppress the hole-induced lattice instability, which has been a major obstacle to commercial application of the TAOS-based thin film transistors. The Sb(III)-O sp?* hybridization in the top-most valence states makes the lone-pair s-electrons to capture the excited holes, the Sb(V)O6 octahedral bonding configuration by which formed is easily dissociated into the stable lone-pair Sb(III) state by recapturing conduction electrons.

Nahm, Ho-Hyun; Kim, Yong-Sung

2013-04-01

491

Berry Curvature and Phonon Hall Effect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We establish the general phonon dynamics of magnetic solids by incorporating the Mead-Truhlar correction in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The effective magnetic-field acting on the phonons naturally emerges, giving rise to the phonon Hall effect. A general formula of the intrinsic phonon Hall conductivity is obtained by using the corrected Kubo formula with the energy magnetization contribution properly incorporated. The resulting phonon Hall conductivity is fully determined by the phonon Berry curvature and the dispersions. Based on the formula, the topological phonon system could be rigorously defined. In the low temperature regime, we predict that the phonon Hall conductivity is proportional to T^3 for the ordinary phonon systems, while that for the topological phonon systems has the linear T dependence with the quantized temperature coefficient. [4pt] [1] Tao Qin and Junren Shi, arXiv:1111.1322 (2011) [0pt] [2] Tao Qin, Qian Niu and Junren Shi, Phys. Rev. Lett., Accepted, (2011).

Qin, Tao; Shi, Junren

2012-02-01

492

[Therapy of peripheral vessel stenosis and occlusion in patients with thromboangiitis obliterans].  

PubMed

Vasculitis consists of a group of diseases characterized by an inflammatory process of the vessel wall. There is a wide variation in symptoms and almost any organ or tissue can be affected. Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO; also known as Buerger's disease) is a special form of vasculitis with recurring inflammation and thrombosis of small and medium size arteries and veins of the hands and feet. To date the etiology still remains unclear but there is a strong association with the use of tobacco products. Ulcerations and gangrene of the extremities are common complications often resulting in the need for amputation of the extremity involved. Treatment of TAO includes both surgical and non-surgical methods but there is still no agreement concerning the optimal treatment strategy. In this contribution the advantages and disadvantages of different treatment options will be addressed and representative cases will be discussed. PMID:20717643

Sandner, T A; Degenhart, C; Becker-Lienau, J; Reiser, M F; Treitl, M

2010-10-01

493

CORBA Evaluations for the BABAR Online System  

SciTech Connect

The Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) is a software system to deal with distributed object computing. The release of CORBA version 2, and real implementations from numerous vendors (both freeware and payware) have made its use very attractive for interprocess and interprocessor communication within an object-oriented software system. A number of object request brokers (ORBs) were evaluated for possible use within the BABAR Online system. Given an expectation for a reasonable level of performance within the Online system, it was essential to characterize the behavior and test the response of these products prior to their adoption. This paper summarizes the results of a systematic performance study of six ORB products. The products tested include: Visibroker, Orbix, DAIS, Omnibroker, OmniORB2, and TAO. Performance results of ORB products, including a test of TCP/IP sockets, are compared. These tests resulted in the adoption of the TAO ORB for use within the BABAR Online system.

Glanzman, Thomas

1998-11-03

494

Investigations of Ta film resistors on chemically vapor deposited diamond plates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ta films were deposited by sputtering on chemically vapor deposited (CVD) diamond plates to be used as resistors for microelectronic applications. The resistance temperature coefficient is only -10 ppm/°C when heating Ta film resistance from room temperature to 150°C. Meanwhile, no reaction is found at the interface between Ta and CVD diamond. These results show the Ta film resistance has high electrical and chemical stability in this temperature range. On the basis of data obtained by differential thermal analysis(DTA), it is found that the endothermic effects begin to appear for Ta/CVD diamond from 300°C. After heating Ta/CVD diamond up to 800°C, XRD analysis indicates that there are strong chemical reactions between Ta and CVD diamond to produce TaC, TaO, and TaO 2.

Zhu, Xiao-Dong; Wang, Hua; Zhan, Ru-Juan; Zhou, Hai-Yang

1999-12-01

495

Statistical Methods for Detecting Stellar Occultations by Kuiper Belt Objects: the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey  

E-print Network

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) will detect objects in the Kuiper Belt, by measuring the rate of occultations of stars by these objects, using an array of three to four 50cm wide-field robotic telescopes. Thousands of stars will be monitored, resulting in hundreds of millions of photometric measurements per night. To optimize the success of TAOS, we have investigated various methods of gathering and processing the data and developed statistical methods for detecting occultations. In this paper we discuss these methods. The resulting estimated detection efficiencies will be used to guide the choice of various operational parameters determining the mode of actual observation when the telescopes come on line and begin routine observations. In particular we show how real-time detection algorithms may be constructed, taking advantage of having multiple telescopes. We also discuss a retrospective method for estimating the rate at which occultations occur.

Chyng-Lan Liang; John A. Rice; Imke de Pater; Charles Alcock; Tim Axelrod; Andrew Wang

2002-09-24

496

Self-compliance RRAM characteristics using a novel W/TaO x /TiN structure.  

PubMed

Self-compliance resistive random access memory (RRAM) characteristics using a W/TaO x /TiN structure are reported for the first time. A high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) image shows an amorphous TaO x layer with a thickness of 7 nm. A thin layer of TiO x N y with a thickness of 3 nm is formed at the TaO x /TiN interface, owing to the oxygen accumulation nature of Ti. This memory device shows 100 consecutive switching cycles with excellent uniformity, 100 randomly picked device-to-device good uniformity, and program/erase endurance of >10(3) cycles. It is observed that the 0.6-?m devices show better switching uniformity as compared to the 4-?m devices, which is due to the thinner tungsten (W) electrode as well as higher series resistance. The oxygen-rich TaO x layer at the W/TaO x interface also plays an important role in getting self-compliance resistive switching phenomena and non-linear current-voltage (I-V) curve at low resistance state (LRS). Switching mechanism is attributed to the formation and rupture of oxygen vacancy conducting path in the TaO x switching material. The memory device also exhibits long read endurance of >10(6) cycles. It is found that after 400,000 cycles, the high resistance state (HRS) is decreased, which may be due to some defects creation (or oxygen moves away) by frequent stress on the switching material. Good data retention of >10(4) s is also obtained. PMID:24982604

Maikap, Siddheswar; Jana, Debanjan; Dutta, Mrinmoy; Prakash, Amit

2014-01-01

497

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 135, 094304 (2011) "Adiabatic-hindered-rotor" treatment of the parahydrogen-water complex  

E-print Network

for parahydrogen pH2 in CO2­H2 complexes [H. Li, P.-N. Roy, and R. J. Le Roy, J. Chem. Phys. 133, 104305 (2010); H of the parahydrogen-water complex Tao Zeng,1 Hui Li,2 Robert J. Le Roy,1 and Pierre-Nicholas Roy1,a) 1 Department. Li, R. J. Le Roy, P.-N. Roy, and A. R. W. McKellar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 133401 (2010)], we apply

Le Roy, Robert J.

498

Abstract There is intense and growing interest in one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures from the per-  

E-print Network

(S. Y.) Yang Ã? Zhanghua Wu Ã? Usha Philipose Ã? Tao Xu Ã? Susan Yang Ã? K. L. Kavanagh Ã? J. Q. Liu Ã? L. Y.) Yang Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5S 3H6 K. L Columbia, Canada, V5A 1S6 K. Robbie Ã? J. Yang Ã? K. Kaminska Department of Physics, Queen's University

Robbie, Kevin

499

Omentum autotransplantation in thromboangiitis obliterans: report of three cases.  

PubMed

Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), also known as Buerger's disease, is an important cause in India of chronic arterial occlusion of the limbs. The current modalities of therapy do not provide adequate relief to a large number of these patients. An omentum autotransplantation to the lower limbs was performed in three patients as a limb salvage procedure. The initial results with up to a year of follow-up are so far encouraging. PMID:9934840

Khazanchi, R K; Nanda, V; Kumar, R; Garg, P; Guleria, S; Bal, S

1999-01-01

500

Strategic Choices: Small Budgets and Simple Regret Cheng-Wei Chou 1  

E-print Network

Strategic Choices: Small Budgets and Simple Regret Cheng-Wei Chou 1 , Ping-Chiang Chou, Chang-Shing Lee 2 , David Lupien Saint-Pierre 3 , Olivier Teytaud 4 , Mei-Hui Wang 2 , Li-Wen Wu 2 and Shi-Jim Yen´e de Li`ege, Belgium 4TAO (Inria), LRI, UMR 8623(CNRS - Univ. Paris-Sud) bat 490 Univ. Paris-Sud 91405

Boyer, Edmond