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1

A musculoskeletal model of low grade connective tissue inflammation in patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO): the WOMED concept of lateral tension and its general implications in disease  

PubMed Central

Background Low level connective tissue inflammation has been proposed to play a role in thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The aim of this study was to investigate this postulate by a musculoskeletal approach together with biochemical parameters. Methods 13 patients with TAO and 16 controls were examined. Erythrocyte levels of Zn, Cu, Ca2+, Mg, and Fe were determined. The musculoskeletal evaluation included observational data on body posture with emphasis on the orbit-head region. The angular foot position in the frontal plane was quantified following gait observation. The axial orientation of the legs and feet was evaluated in an unloaded supine position. Functional propioceptive tests based on stretch stimuli were done by using foot inversion and foot rotation. Results Alterations in the control group included neck tilt in 3 cases, asymmetrical foot angle during gait in 2, and a reaction to foot inversion in 5 cases. TAO patients presented facial asymmetry with displaced eye fissure inclination (mean 9.1°) as well as tilted head-on-neck position (mean 5.7°). A further asymmetry feature was external rotation of the legs and feet (mean 27°). Both foot inversion as well as foot rotation induced a condition of neuromuscular deficit. This condition could be regulated by gentle acupressure either on the lateral abdomen or the lateral ankle at the acupuncture points gall bladder 26 or bladder 62, respectively. In 5 patients, foot rotation produced a phenomenon of moving toes in the contra lateral foot. In addition foot rotation was accompanied by an audible tendon snapping. Lower erythrocyte Zn levels and altered correlations between Ca2+, Mg, and Fe were found in TAO. Conclusion This whole body observational study has revealed axial deviations and body asymmetry as well as the phenomenon of moving toes in TAO. The most common finding was an arch-like displacement of the body, i.e. eccentric position, with foot inversion and head tilt to the contra lateral side and tendon snapping. We propose that eccentric muscle action over time can be the basis for a low grade inflammatory condition. The general implications of this model and its relations to Zn and Se will be discussed. PMID:17319961

Moncayo, Roy; Moncayo, Helga

2007-01-01

2

Value of thyroid stimulating antibody in the diagnosis of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy of euthyroid patients  

PubMed Central

AIMS/BACKGROUND—Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) of euthyroid patients is difficult to diagnose because clinical findings overlap with other conditions, and no confirmatory diagnostic tests are available. Recently, it was reported that TSH binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) and thyroid stimulating antibody (TSAb) are sensitive markers of TAO. The sensitivity of these antibodies in the detection of TAO were therefore studied to determine if they could be a useful criterion in the diagnosis of TAO of euthyroid patients.?METHODS—Serum values of TBII and TSAb of 35 patients with euthyroid TAO (group A) were compared with those of 27 patients with Graves' disease and TAO (group B). The relation between the serum value of TSAb and the eye symptoms of patients with euthyroid TAO were also examined by multiple linear regression analysis.?RESULTS—In group A, TBII was positive in 10 cases (28.6%) and TSAb was positive in 29 cases (82.9%). In group B, both TBII and TSAb were positive in all cases (100%). The titre of serum TBII in group A (15.6% (SD 18.0%)) was significantly lower (p<0.0001) than in group B (57.9% (21.5%)). The titre of serum TSAb in group A (1400.9% (2163.9%)) was significantly lower (p=0.0026) than in group B (2243.9% (1472.8%)). Among the eye findings of patients with euthyroid TAO, keratopathy was significantly (p=0.034) related to the value of TSAb.?CONCLUSION—These results suggest that the activity of TSAb is a more sensitive marker of euthyroid TAO than is TBII, and could be a useful criterion in the diagnosis of TAO of euthyroid patients.?? PMID:9497469

Kazuo, K.; Fujikado, T.; Ohmi, G.; Hosohata, J.; Tano, Y.

1997-01-01

3

Current concepts in the molecular pathogenesis of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

Graves' disease (GD) is a common autoimmune condition. At its core, stimulatory autoantibodies are directed at the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR), resulting in dysregulated thyroid gland activity and growth. Closely associated with GD is the ocular condition known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The pathogenesis of TAO remains enigmatic as do the connections between the thyroid and orbit. This review highlights the putative molecular mechanisms involved in TAO and suggests how these insights provide future directions for identifying therapeutic targets. Genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors have been suggested as contributory to the development of GD and TAO. Thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) are expressed at higher levels in the orbital connective tissue from individuals with TAO than in healthy tissues. Together, they form a functional complex and appear to promote signaling relevant to GD and TAO. Orbital fibroblasts display an array of cell surface receptors and generate a host of inflammatory molecules that may participate in T and B cell infiltration. Recently, a population of orbital fibroblasts has been putatively traced to bone marrow-derived progenitor cells, known as fibrocytes, as they express CD45, CD34, CXCR4, collagen I, functional TSHR, and thyroglobulin (Tg). Fibrocytes become more numerous in GD and we believe traffic to the orbit in TAO. Numerous attempts at developing complete animal models of GD have been largely unsuccessful, because they lack fidelity with the ocular manifestations seen in TAO. Better understanding of the pathogenesis of TAO and development of improved animal models should greatly accelerate the identification of medical therapy for this vexing medical problem. PMID:24651704

Wang, Yao; Smith, Terry J

2014-03-01

4

Patient Information in Graves' Disease and Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy: Readability Assessment of Online Resources  

PubMed Central

Background: The Internet is a vital source of information for patients hoping to learn more about their disease. Health literacy of the general population is known to be poor, with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) recommending that patient-oriented literature be written at a fourth- to sixth-grade reading level to optimize comprehensibility. In this study we assessed the readability of online literature specifically for Graves' disease (GD) and thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: Readability of the content of the top 20 English-language GD patient-oriented online resources and top 30 of the equivalent TAO resources returned by Google search was analyzed. Web pages were identified using the Google search terms “Graves' disease” and “Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy,” respectively. Extraneous text (e.g., hyperlinks, affiliations, disclaimers) was removed. Relevant text proceeded to readability analysis using four validated measures: Flesch Reading Ease Score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level, Simple Measure of Gobbledygook, and Gunning-Fog Index. Readability was compared with USDHHS standards. Results: Overall, median word count (with interquartile range [IQR] and range) was 990 (IQR 846, 195–3867), with a median of 18 words per sentence (IQR 4.0, 7.5–28). Median Flesch Reading Ease Score was 46 (IQR 13, 24–64), Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level 11 (IQR 3.0, 7.2–17), Simple Measure of Gobbledygook 13 (IQR 2.0, 9.6–17), and Gunning-Fog Index 13 (IQR 3.0, 9.2–19), each equivalent to a reading level of >11th grade and “difficult” on the USDHHS classification. None of the web pages evaluated had readability scores in accordance with published guidelines. There was no significant difference with the country of origin of each web page, website commercial status, or with pages predominantly focused on GD or TAO. Conclusions: Readability scores for online GD and TAO patient-focused materials are inferior to those recommended. Screening of this online material, as well as subsequent revision, is crucial to increase future patient knowledge, satisfaction, and compliance. PMID:24040878

Denniston, Alastair K.; Boelaert, Kristien; Franklyn, Jayne A.; Durrani, Omar M.

2014-01-01

5

Atypical Presentation of Hashimoto’s Disease in an Adolescent: Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Hashitoxicosis is generally differentiated from Graves’ hyperthyroidism by its shorter course and absence of ophthalmopathy. In this case report, we describe an adolescent girl who presented with significant clinical findings of hyperthyroidism, a diffuse goiter with homogenously increased uptake in scintigraphy, and with ocular findings of ophthalmopathy. The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody test was positive, and the family history revealed thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. Clinical findings supported the diagnosis of Hashimoto’s disease (HD) in the follow-up period. Radioactive iodine uptake investigation was found to be a reliable method for differential diagnosis. Attention was drawn to the rarity of pediatric cases of HD who present with ophthalmopathy. PMID:25541900

K?rm?z?bekmez, Heves; Ye?iltepe Mutlu, Rahime Gül; Dursun, Fatma; Günay, Murat

2014-01-01

6

Atypical Presentation of Hashimoto's Disease in an Adolescent: Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

Hashitoxicosis is generally differentiated from Graves' hyperthyroidism by its shorter course and absence of ophthalmopathy. In this case report, we describe an adolescent girl who presented with significant clinical findings of hyperthyroidism, a diffuse goiter with homogenously increased uptake in scintigraphy, and with ocular findings of ophthalmopathy. The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody test was positive, and the family history revealed thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. Clinical findings supported the diagnosis of Hashimoto's disease (HD) in the follow-up period. Radioactive iodine uptake investigation was found to be a reliable method for differential diagnosis. Attention was drawn to the rarity of pediatric cases of HD who present with ophthalmopathy. PMID:25541900

K?rm?z?bekmez, Heves; Ye?iltepe Mutlu, Rahime Gül

2014-12-01

7

Targeted biological therapies for Graves’ disease and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy. Focus on B cell depletion with Rituximab  

PubMed Central

Summary Based on experience from the treatment of other autoimmune diseases and due to inherent shortcomings of the existing therapy options for Graves’ disease (GD) and thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), rituximab was recently introduced as a novel therapy option. Here we summarize the rationale for using rituximab; give an overview of the possible mechanisms of action; and give an account of its effects and side effects when used in GD and TAO. Low quality evidence, originating from few and methodologically inhomogeneous studies, suggests that rituximab may prolong remission for hyperthyroidism over that seen with antithyroid drugs, at least in mild GD. Furthermore, in TAO patients, unresponsive to conventional immunosuppressive therapy, rituximab seems efficacious. Awaiting large-scale randomized studies, rituximab, due to limited experience and high cost, should be considered experimental and reserved for patients who do not respond favourably to conventional therapy. Rituximab is the first in a series of new and emerging treatments addressing specific therapeutic targets, such as, which will hopefully lead to improved and better tailored individualized therapy for GD and especially TAO. PMID:20455896

Hegedüs, Laszlo; Smith, Terry J.; Douglas, Raymond S.; Nielsen, Ciaus H.

2013-01-01

8

Presence of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy in Hashimoto's thyroiditis  

PubMed Central

AIM To determine the prevalence of ophthalmopathy in Hashimoto's patients and to make a comparison in subgroups of patients METHODS The study involved 110 Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients and 50 control subjects attending to the endocrinology department of the hospital. Subgroup classification of patients was made as euthyroid, subclinic and clinic in Hashimato's thyroiditis. All patients were evaluated by a single experienced ophthalmologist for the prevalence and characteristics of eye signs. RESULTS The overall prevalences of eye changes were 22.7% (25 patients) in patients and 4% (2 persons) in control subjects respectively (P=0.002). In patients the most common symptom was retrobulbar eye pain with or without any eye movement. Thirteen patients had significant upper eyelid retraction (11.8%). Six patients had eye muscle dysfunction as reduced eye movements in up gaze. In control patients one person had proptosis and another had lid retraction. The clinical activity score and classification of the ophthalmopathy did not show any significant differences among subgroups. CONCLUSION The eye signs were mostly mild (22.7%) and the most common eye sign was the presence of upper eyelid retraction (11.8%). Additionally six patients had eye muscle dysfunction as reduced eye movements in up gaze. Therefore we recommend to make a routine ophthalmic examination in Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients in order not to omit the associated ophthalmopathy. PMID:25161935

Kan, Emrah; Kan, Elif Kilic; Ecemis, Gülcin; Colak, Ramis

2014-01-01

9

Benzylideneacetophenone derivatives attenuate IFN-?-induced IP-10/CXCL10 production in orbital fibroblasts of patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy through STAT-1 inhibition  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present study was to identify a new candidate anti-inflammatory compound for use in the active stage of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Benzylideneacetophenone compound JC3 [(2E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)phenylpro-2-en-l-one] was synthesized based on a structural modification of yakuchinone B, a constituent of the seeds of Alpinia oxyphylla, which belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), has been widely used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory phytochemical. Orbital fibroblasts were primarily cultured from patients with TAO, and the potential of JC3 to suppress the interferon (IFN)-?-induced protein (IP)-10/CXCL10 production in these cells was determined. IFN-? strongly increased the level of IP-10/CXCL10 in orbital fibroblasts from patients with TAO. JC3 exerted a significant inhibitory effect on the IFN-?-induced increase in IP-10/CXCL10 in a dose-dependent manner; its potency was greater than that of an identical concentration of yakuchinone B with no toxicity to cells at the concentration range used. Moreover, the constructed dimer and trimer polystructures of JC3, showed greater potency than JC3 in suppressing the IFN-?-induced production of IP-10/CXCL10. JC3 significantly attenuated the IP-10/CXCL10 mRNA expression induced by IFN-?, and a gel-shift assay showed that JC3 suppressed IFN-?-induced DNA binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1) in TAO orbital fibroblasts. Our results provide initial evidence that the JC3 compound reduces the levels of IP-10/CXCL10 protein and mRNA induced by IFN-? in orbital fibroblasts of TAO patients. Therefore, JC3 might be considered as a future candidate for therapeutic application in TAO that exerts its effects by modulating the pathogenic mechanisms in orbital fibroblasts. PMID:24924312

Lee, Sung-Hee; Lim, Seul Ye; Choi, Ji Ha; Jung, Jae-Chul; Oh, Seikwan; Kook, Koung Hoon; Choi, Youn-Hee

2014-01-01

10

Benzylideneacetophenone derivatives attenuate IFN-?-induced IP-10/CXCL10 production in orbital fibroblasts of patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy through STAT-1 inhibition.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to identify a new candidate anti-inflammatory compound for use in the active stage of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Benzylideneacetophenone compound JC3 [(2E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)phenylpro-2-en-l-one] was synthesized based on a structural modification of yakuchinone B, a constituent of the seeds of Alpinia oxyphylla, which belongs to the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), has been widely used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory phytochemical. Orbital fibroblasts were primarily cultured from patients with TAO, and the potential of JC3 to suppress the interferon (IFN)-?-induced protein (IP)-10/CXCL10 production in these cells was determined. IFN-? strongly increased the level of IP-10/CXCL10 in orbital fibroblasts from patients with TAO. JC3 exerted a significant inhibitory effect on the IFN-?-induced increase in IP-10/CXCL10 in a dose-dependent manner; its potency was greater than that of an identical concentration of yakuchinone B with no toxicity to cells at the concentration range used. Moreover, the constructed dimer and trimer polystructures of JC3, showed greater potency than JC3 in suppressing the IFN-?-induced production of IP-10/CXCL10. JC3 significantly attenuated the IP-10/CXCL10 mRNA expression induced by IFN-?, and a gel-shift assay showed that JC3 suppressed IFN-?-induced DNA binding of signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1) in TAO orbital fibroblasts. Our results provide initial evidence that the JC3 compound reduces the levels of IP-10/CXCL10 protein and mRNA induced by IFN-? in orbital fibroblasts of TAO patients. Therefore, JC3 might be considered as a future candidate for therapeutic application in TAO that exerts its effects by modulating the pathogenic mechanisms in orbital fibroblasts. PMID:24924312

Lee, Sung-Hee; Lim, Seul Ye; Choi, Ji Ha; Jung, Jae-Chul; Oh, Seikwan; Kook, Koung Hoon; Choi, Youn-Hee

2014-01-01

11

Thyrotropin Receptor and CD40 Mediate Interleukin-8 Expression in Fibrocytes: Implications for Thyroid-Associated Ophthalmopathy (An American Ophthalmological Society Thesis)  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To better understand the pathogenesis of thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) through elucidating the role of thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) and CD40 in the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in peripheral blood fibrocytes. Fibrocytes infiltrate the orbit of patients with TAO, where they differentiate into fibroblasts. Fibrocyte precursors occur with increased frequency in the peripheral blood expressing TSHR and CD40 in TAO patients. We hypothesize that in vitro derived fibrocytes and peripheral blood fibrocyte precursors express proinflammatory chemoattractant molecules including IL-8 initiated by TSHR and CD40 signaling. Since nearly all TAO patients express activating antibodies to TSHR, this is particularly relevant for activation of peripheral blood fibrocytes. Methods: TSHR and CD40 expression on peripheral blood fibrocytes was determined by flow cytometry. IL-8 RNA was quantitated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. IL-8 protein production was measured by Luminex and flow cytometry. Thyroid-stimulating hormone and CD40 ligand–stimulated phosphorylation of Akt in peripheral blood fibrocytes was studied by flow cytometry. Results: Both TSHR- and CD40-mediated signaling lead to IL-8 expression in mature fibrocytes. Fibrocyte precursors assayed directly from circulating peripheral blood demonstrate intracellular IL-8 expression with addition of thyroid-stimulating hormone or CD40 ligand. TSHR- and CD40-induced IL-8 production is mediated by Akt phosphorylation. Conclusions: Peripheral blood TSHR+ and CD40+ fibrocytes express IL-8 and may promote the recruitment of inflammatory cells, mitogenesis, and tissue remodeling in TAO. TSHR- and CD40-mediated IL-8 signaling is mediated by Akt. Delineating the molecular mechanisms of fibrocyte immune function may provide potential therapeutic targets for TAO. PMID:25411513

Douglas, Raymond S.; Mester, Tünde; Ginter, Anna; Kim, Denise S.

2014-01-01

12

Graves’ Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Graves’ ophthalmopathy, also called Graves’ orbitopathy, is a potentially sight-threatening ocular disease that has puzzled physicians and scientists for nearly two centuries.1–3 Generally occurring in patients with hyperthyroidism or a history of hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease, Graves’ ophthalmopathy is also known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy or thyroid eye disease, because it sometimes occurs in patients with euthyroid or hypothyroid chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. The condition has an annual adjusted incidence rate of 16 women and 3 men per 100,000 population.4 This review explores the perplexing relationship between Graves’ ophthalmopathy, hyperthyroidism, and thyroid dermopathy, the associated skin condition. I examine clinical features, histologic findings, and laboratory studies, with an emphasis on mechanisms that could be targeted in the development of new treatments for this debilitating disease. PMID:20181974

Bahn, Rebecca S.

2014-01-01

13

Graves' ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed Central

Graves' ophthalmopathy usually occurs in association with hyperthyroidism. Its occasional occurrence in the absence of thyroid disease suggests, however, that it may be a separate autoimmune disorder. While the evidence supporting an autoimmune pathogenesis is considerable for the ophthalmopathy, it is not so impressive as that for Graves' hyperthyroidism: orbital antibodies have not been convincingly demonstrated and autoantigens have not been identified. On the other hand, in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy the orbital tissues and eye muscle membranes are infiltrated with lymphoid cells and show evidence of cell-mediated immune reactions. Although there is some evidence that binding of thyroid stimulating hormone fragments and thyroglobulin-antithyroglobulin immune complexes to eye muscle membranes may be important in the pathogenesis of the ophthalmopathy, this needs to be confirmed. The mechanism for the association of hyperthyroidism and ophthalmopathy is unknown, but the association likely reflects an influence of thyroid hormones on the immune system. In view of the autoimmune pathogenesis the logical treatment of Graves' ophthalmopathy appears to be immunosuppression. PMID:7011529

Wall, J R; Henderson, J; Strakosch, C R; Joyner, D M

1981-01-01

14

Thyroid associated orbitopathy  

PubMed Central

Thyroid associated orbitopathy, also known as Graves’ orbitopathy, is typically a self-limiting autoimmune process associated with dysthyroid states. The clinical presentation may vary from very mild disease to severe irreversible sight-threatening complications. Despite ongoing basic science and clinical research, the pathogenesis and highly effective therapeutic strategies remain elusive. The present article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and management of this common, yet poorly understood disease, which remains a challenge to the ophthalmologist. PMID:22446901

Maheshwari, Rajat; Weis, Ezekiel

2012-01-01

15

Extra-ocular muscle cells from patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy secrete ? (CXCL10) and ? (CCL2) chemokines under the influence of cytokines that are modulated by PPAR?.  

PubMed

To our knowledge, no study has evaluated the involvement of T helper (Th)1- and Th2-chemokines in extra-ocular muscle (EOM) myopathy in "patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy" (TAO-p). We tested the effects of interferon (IFN)? and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)? stimulation, and of increasing concentrations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)? agonists (pioglitazone or rosiglitazone; 0.1 ?M-20 ?M), on Th1-chemokine [C-X-C motif ligand (CXCL)10] and Th2-chemokine [C-C motif ligand (CCL)2] secretion in primary EOM cultures from TAO-p vs. control myoblasts. Moreover, we evaluated serum CXCL10 and CCL2 in active TAO-p with prevalent EOM involvement (EOM-p) vs. those with prevalent orbital fat expansion (OF-p). Serum CXCL10 was higher in OF-p and EOM-p vs. controls, while serum CCL2 was not significantly different in controls, or in OF-p and EOM-p. We showed the expression of PPAR? in EOM cells. In primary EOM cultures from TAO-p: a) CXCL10 was undetectable in the supernatant, IFN? dose-dependently induced it, whereas TNF? did not; b) EOM produced basally low amounts of CCL2, TNF? dose-dependently induced it, whereas IFN? did not; c) the combination of TNF? and IFN? had a significant synergistic effect on CXCL10 and CCL2 secretion; and d) PPAR? agonists have an inhibitory role on the modulation of CXCL10, while they stimulate CCL2 secretion. EOM participates in the self-perpetuation of inflammation by releasing both Th1 (CXCL10) and Th2 (CCL2) chemokines under the influence of cytokines, in TAO. PPAR? agonist activation plays an inhibitory role on CXCL10, but stimulates the release of CCL2. PMID:25172242

Antonelli, Alessandro; Ferrari, Silvia Martina; Corrado, Alda; Franceschini, Stefano Sellari; Gelmini, Stefania; Ferrannini, Ele; Fallahi, Poupak

2014-11-01

16

Update on advanced imaging options for thyroid-associated orbitopathy  

PubMed Central

Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is a diverse spectrum of signs and symptoms that appears to have immunologic and pathologic causative factors as diverse as its clinical presentations. Lymphocytes, hormones, and cytokines affect orbital fibroblasts and other similar cells, which exert their effects on orbital tissues, including the extraocular muscles, orbital fat, and optic nerve. This complicated inflammatory cascade and the myriad of clinical findings that result contributes to the active phase of TAO. The distinction between the active and inactive phases of TAO is an important one, as the proper treatment will depend on the disease phase and degree thereof. Several clinical grading scales and scores have been established to help qualify and quantify the disease severity. Aiding clinical exam and acumen, proper and reproducible imaging of the orbit and ocular adnexa is incredibly important to the management of TAO. Orbital ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and scintigraphy each have unique abilities, including quantifying orbital changes, assessing disease activity, correlating orbital findings with clinical changes, guiding appropriate treatment, and monitoring therapeutic responses. Further, study ease, accessibility, cost, sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility, and risks are all important considerations in picking the right test with which to diagnose and follow TAO. This analysis will provide a review of orbital imaging for TAO, including the mechanism of each imaging technique as well as their rationales, advantages, disadvantages, and utilities. PMID:23961023

Rabinowitz, Michael P.; Carrasco, Jacqueline R.

2012-01-01

17

Thyroid-associated orbitopathy is linked to gastrointestinal autoimmunity.  

PubMed

Common autoimmune disorders tend to co-exist in the same subjects and cluster in families. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of autoimmune co-morbidity in patients with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) with and without thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). This was a cross-sectional study conducted at an academic tertiary referral centre. Of 1310 patients with AITD [n?=?777 or 59% with Graves' disease (GD) and n?=?533, 41% with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT)] followed at a specialized joint thyroid-eye out-patient clinic, 176 (13·4%) had an adult type of the autoimmune polyglandular syndrome, 129 (9·8%) type 1 diabetes, 111 (8·5%) coeliac disease, 60 (4·6%) type A autoimmune gastritis, 57 (4·4%) vitiligo and 25 (1·9%) Addison's disease. Coeliac disease and autoimmune gastritis were associated positively with GD [odds ratio (OR)?=?2·18; P?=?0·002 and OR?=?6·52; P?TAO, 584 (95·7%) and 26 (4·3%) had GD and HT, respectively (P?TAO was most prevalent in GD patients with coeliac disease (94%, OR?=?1·87, P?TAO while type 1 diabetes, Addison's disease and alopecia areata were protective for TAO. In patients with TAO, coeliac disease is the most prevalent co-morbid autoimmune condition and rates are increased compared to GD patients without TAO. PMID:24903731

Ponto, K A; Schuppan, D; Zwiener, I; Binder, H; Mirshahi, A; Diana, T; Pitz, S; Pfeiffer, N; Kahaly, G J

2014-10-01

18

Risk Factors Associated with the Severity of Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy in Korean Patients  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for severe thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) and compressive optic neuropathy in Korean patients. Methods This study was a retrospective comparative case series. All TAO patients who were first seen at our institution between 2005 and 2009 and who had follow-up periods of at least 6 months were included. Patients were divided into mild or moderate and severe TAO groups. Cases were also segregated based on the presence or absence of optic neuropathy. Demographics, smoking status, comorbidities, thyroid hormonal status, thyroid autoantibody levels, and clinical presentations were assessed. Results A total of 99 patients (83 with mild to moderate courses and 16 with severe courses; 90 without optic neuropathy and 9 with optic neuropathy) were included in this study. On multiple logistic regression analysis, smoking status was a predictive risk factor for a severe course of TAO and the development of optic neuropathy (odds ratios = 6.57 and 10.00, respectively). Other factors such as age, gender, free T4 level, thyroid binding-inhibiting immunoglobulin, and a history of diabetes were not predictive of severe TAO or optic neuropathy. Conclusions Although various factors may influence the severity of TAO and the development of optic neuropathy, this study showed that smoking was a risk factor for severe TAO and the development of optic neuropathy. Therefore, it is important for patients with Graves' disease to refrain from smoking. Frequent and careful observation should also be performed in current smokers, as TAO patients who smoke are susceptible to a severe course and/or optic neuropathy. PMID:21052505

Lee, Ji Hwan; Lee, Sang Yeul

2010-01-01

19

Piezosurgery for orbital decompression surgery in thyroid associated orbitopathy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess a piezosurgical device as a novel tool for bony orbital decompression surgery. At a multidisciplinary orbital center, 62 surgeries were performed in 40 patients with thyroid associated orbitopathy (TAO). Within this retrospective case-series, we analyzed the medical records of these consecutive unselected patients. The reduction of proptosis was the main outcome measure. Indications for a two (n = 27, 44%) or three wall (35, 56%) decompression surgery were proptosis (n = 50 orbits, 81%) and optic neuropathy (n = 12, 19%). Piezosurgery enabled precise bone cuts without intraoperative complications. Proptosis decreased from 23.6 ± 2.8 mm (SD) by 3 mm (95% CI: -3.6 to -2.5 mm) after surgery and stayed stable at 3 months (-3 mm, 95% CI: -3.61 to -2.5 mm, p < 0.001, respectively). The effect was higher in those with preoperatively higher values (>24 mm versus ?24 mm: -3.4 mm versus -2.81 mm before discharge from hospital and -4.1 mm versus -2.1 mm at 3 months: p < 0.001, respectively). After a mean long-term follow-up period of 14.6 ± 10.4 months proptosis decreased by further -0.7 ± 2.0 mm (p < 0.001). Signs of optic nerve compression improved after surgery. Infraorbital hypesthesia was present in 11 of 21 (52%) orbits 3 months after surgery. The piezosurgical device is a useful tool for orbital decompression surgery in TAO. By cutting bone selectively, it is precise and reduces the invasiveness of surgery. Nevertheless, no improvement in outcome or reduction in morbidity over conventional techniques has been shown so far. PMID:25059686

Ponto, Katharina A; Zwiener, Isabella; Al-Nawas, Bilal; Kahaly, George J; Otto, Anna F; Karbach, Julia; Pfeiffer, Norbert; Pitz, Susanne

2014-12-01

20

Thyroid-associated orbitopathy: Current insights into the pathophysiology, immunology and management  

PubMed Central

Half the patients suffering from Graves’ disease develop thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). The severity of TAO varies considerably with a mild form characterized by dry eyes and discomfort to the severe form with sight-threatening exposure keratopathy and optic neuropathy. The pathogenesis and immunologic mechanisms underlying Graves’ disease and TAO is unknown, however, advances toward this understanding have indicated a prominent role of orbital fibroblasts, T cells and B cells. These advances have led to novel strategies for clinical treatment using immunomodulatory modalities. Initial results included use of infliximab and etanercept (anti-TNF agents), but currently there is an increasing interest in anti-B cell (Rituximab) therapy. Rituximab has shown promising results in progressive, sight-threatening TAO. It has also shown encouraging results in halting or slowing the disease process in patients unresponsive to corticosteroids. The primary advantage of these immunomodulatory agents is based upon targeting the molecular mediators of the disease and avoiding the potential side effects of non-specific therapies. PMID:23960898

Bhatt, Rina; Nelson, Christine C.; Douglas, Raymond S.

2010-01-01

21

Characterization and Outcomes of Repeat Orbital Decompression for Thyroid-Associated Orbitopathy.  

PubMed

Abstract Orbital decompression for thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is commonly performed for disfiguring proptosis, congestion, and optic neuropathy. Although one decompression typically achieves goals, a small percentage requires repeat decompression. We performed a 10-year retrospective chart review of all orbital decompressions for TAO at a single tertiary referral institution. Four-hundred and ninety-five orbits (330 patients) were decompressed for TAO, with 45 orbits (37 patients) requiring repeat decompression. We reviewed the repeat cases for indications, clinical activity scores, approach, walls decompressed, and outcomes. Nine percent of orbits required repeat decompression for proptosis (70%), optic neuropathy (25%) or congestion (45%). Sixty-four percent were for recurrence of disease, 36% were for suboptimal decompression. Three incisional approaches were used: lateral upper eyelid crease, inferior transconjunctival, and transcaruncular, with inferior transconjunctival being most common. Of the three walls removed, deep lateral, inferior, and medial, the deep lateral wall was most common (51%). A repeat lateral decompression was the most frequent pattern. Of 37 patients requiring repeat decompression, 40% had diplopia prior to repeat, and an additional 24% developed diplopia after the repeat. Whereas previous studies published by our group cited only 2.6% of deep lateral wall orbital decompressions leading to new-onset primary gaze diplopia, repeat orbital decompressions have a much higher rate of post-operative diplopia. The new onset primary gaze diplopia after repeat decompression group had a higher average preoperative CAS (3.3 vs. 2.4, p?

Zhang-Nunes, Sandy X; Dang, Sabin; Garneau, Helene Chokron; Hwang, Catherine; Isaacs, David; Chang, Shu-Hong; Goldberg, Robert

2014-09-22

22

Following the Tao.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses 5 principles from the "Tao Te Ching" (an ancient Chinese classic intended for rulers) and how they can be applied by composition teachers. Suggests many of the insights in the "Tao" have become accepted wisdom in the teaching of composition. (SR)

Hacker, Diana

2000-01-01

23

TAO users manual.  

SciTech Connect

The Toolkit for Advanced Optimization (TAO) focuses on the design and implementation of component-based optimization software for the solution of large-scale optimization applications on high-performance architectures. Their approach is motivated by the scattered support for parallel computations and lack of reuse of linear algebra software in currently available optimization software. The TAO design allows the reuse of toolkits that provide lower-level support (parallel sparse matrix data structures, preconditioners, solvers), and thus they are able to build on top of these toolkits instead of having to redevelop code. The advantages in terms of efficiency and development time are significant. The TAO design philosophy uses object-oriented techniques of data and state encapsulation, abstract classes, and limited inheritance to create a flexible optimization toolkit. This chapter provides a short introduction to the design philosophy by describing the objectives in TAO and the importance of this design. Since a major concern in the TAO project is the performance and scalability of optimization algorithms on large problems, they also present some performance results.

Benson, S.; McInnes, L. C.; More, J. J.; Sarich, J.

2003-12-02

24

Mechanisms of Immune Damage in Graves’ Ophthalmopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have studied the role of immunologically mediated cytotoxicity in the orbital tissue damage of Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) against eye muscle (EM) cells and orbital fibroblasts (OF) was demonstrated in a small proportion of patients, all of whom had severe, recent disease. Antibody-mediated (complement-dependent) cytotoxicity against OF was found in only a few patients. No patients showed

Yuji Hiromatsu; Pei Wen Wang; Len Wosu; Jacques How; Jack R. Wall

1987-01-01

25

Cell height: Tao rising.  

PubMed

During oogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster, the cells in the follicular epithelium of the ovary undergo a transition from a cuboidal to a squamous shape. In this issue, Gomez et al. (2012. J. Cell Biol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201207150) show that the kinase Tao promotes the endocytosis of the cell adhesion molecule Fasciclin 2 from the lateral surface of the cell and is critical for the cuboidal to squamous cell shape transition. Their results indicate that Tao is rising as a regulator of cell height. PMID:23266952

Cai, Liang; Mostov, Keith E

2012-12-24

26

Thyroid and the eye.  

PubMed

Any thyroid cancer can metastasize to the uveal tract, even after decades; medullary thyroid cancer can be part of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis and lagophthalmos are prognostic markers for more severe thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). The restrictive ophthalmopathy of TAO may be associated with more sustained ocular hypertension and require topical therapy. Several new studies address the therapy of TAO, ranging from retrobulbar to oral to intravenous glucocorticoids, alone or combined with radiotherapy. Endonasal decompression of the posterior orbit can be done well for severe optic nerve compression; however, leaving the anterior orbital septum intact can minimize postoperative diplopia. Smoking increases the risk and relapse rate for ophthalmopathy. Thyrotropin receptor antigen on fibroblasts diffusely in the body is causative in TAO and pretibial myxedema with even increased urinary secretion of glycosaminoglycans. Corticosteroid-responsive patients show a sustained up-regulation of the Th1/Th2 profile. PMID:12441836

Chavis, Pamela Suzanne

2002-12-01

27

75 FR 81437 - Amendment of Class E Airspace; Taos, NM  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...amends Class E airspace for Taos, NM. Decommissioning of the Ski non-directional beacon (NDB) at Taos Regional Airport, Taos...Class E airspace for the Taos, NM area. Decommissioning of the Ski NDB and cancellation of the NDB approach at Taos Regional...

2010-12-28

28

The relationship between Graves’ ophthalmopathy and dry eye syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background A complex relationship between Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) and dry eye syndrome exists. New research brings more insight into the association between these two diseases. Methods A review of the literature was conducted using the query terms “Graves’ Ophthalmopathy”, “Thyroid Eye Disease”, and “Dry Eye” in MedLine (PubMed) and Scopus. A total of 55 papers were reviewed. Case reports were excluded. Conclusion This review paper shows the close relationship between dry eye syndrome and GO. The underlying mechanisms behind their association suggest mechanical impairment of orbital muscles and immune-mediated lacrimal gland dysfunction as the causes of dry eye in GO patients. However, there are a variety of treatment options available for patients with GO with signs of dry eye, which help combat this issue. PMID:25584018

Selter, Jessica H; Gire, Anisa I; Sikder, Shameema

2015-01-01

29

JER EMIE MARY equipe TAO  

E-print Network

Boosting J´ER ´EMIE MARY ´equipe TAO LRI 30 janvier 2006 J´ER ´EMIE MARY Boosting #12;Introduction Autres exp´eriences et extensions 6 R´ef´erences J´ER ´EMIE MARY Boosting #12;Introduction Historique soient justes tout le temps. J´ER ´EMIE MARY Boosting #12;Introduction Historique Principes de base d

Mary, Jeremie - Groupe de Recherche sur l'Apprentissage Automatique, Université Charles de Gaulle

30

Acute Myocardial Infarction During High-Dose Methylprednisolone therapy for Graves’ Ophthalmopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management of Graves’ ophthalmopathy includes high-dose glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids may have many side effects, and therefore their use should always be carefully considered. Here we present the case of a woman who received high doses of methylprednisolone (1 g iv daily) for active Graves’ ophthalmopathy, and developed severe hypertension followed by myocardial infarction on the fifth day of treatment. Before the myocardial

Maciej Owecki; Jerzy Sowi?ski

2006-01-01

31

Reactivation of thyroid associated orbitopathy following trauma with intraorbital foreign body.  

PubMed

Abstract A 63-year-old female with mild, bilateral, stable thyroid-associated orbitopathy sustained trauma resulting in glass foreign bodies embedded on the left ocular surface and left lateral orbital extraconal and intraconal space. After 2 orbitotomies including a failed attempt to remove the intraconal foreign body and poor response to oral steroids, she developed severe, progressive left periorbital edema and 9?mm of relative proptosis. Serial, post-operative imaging demonstrated worsening inflammatory changes along the surgical tract, which slowly improved over several months, with simultaneously worsening proptosis and enlargement of the left inferior and medial rectus muscles consistent with worsening thyroid orbitopathy. She subsequently underwent unilateral 3-wall orbital decompression with improvement in her symptoms. Periorbital trauma with orbital foreign bodies and related surgical trauma may result in reactivation of thyroid-associated orbitopathy. PMID:25208306

Papakostas, Thanos D; Lee, Nahyoung Grace; Callahan, Alison B; Freitag, Suzanne K

2015-02-01

32

76 FR 60451 - Questa Ranger District, Carson National Forest; Taos County, NM; Taos Ski Valley's 2010 Master...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Forest; Taos County, NM; Taos Ski Valley's 2010 Master Development...projects included in the Taos Ski Valley (TSV) 2010 Master Development...Cottam, the relocation of the Alpine Village pedestrian bridge. If...Carson National Forest, Taos Ski Valley MDP--Phase 1...

2011-09-29

33

Asymmetric graves ophthalmopathy as a sole manifestation of autoimmune hypothyroidism  

PubMed Central

Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) is commonly associated with hyperthyroidism, however its coexistence with hypothyroidism is seen uncommonly in 5% of cases. The ophthalmic signs in GO are usually bilaterally symmetrical, however in 10–15% of cases patients may present asymmetrically. The ophthalmic signs in GO are commonly seen with other systemic features of thyroid disease, however when a patient present with asymmetric ophthalmic signs in the absence of other thyroid manifestations, it is difficult to consider the possibility of thyroid disorder, which may result in delayed diagnosis and further progression of disease. Here, we report a case of 22-year-old man who presented with progressive painless bulging of right eye without other features of thyroid disease which on workup was diagnosed as a case of autoimmune hypothyroidism. PMID:23291813

Verma, Sudhir Kumar; Jain, Nirdesh; Saraf, Sameer; Singh, Shailesh Kumar

2013-01-01

34

The association of carotid cavernous fistula with Graves’ ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) is one of the frequent manifestations of the disorder which is an inflammatory process due to fibroblast infiltration, fibroblast proliferation and accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. Eye irritation, dryness, excessive tearing, visual blurring, diplopia, pain, visual loss, retroorbital discomfort are the symptoms and they can mimic carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the cavernous sinus. The clinical manifestations of GO can mimic the signs of carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the GO patients especially who are not responding to the standard treatment and when there is a unilateral or asymmetric eye involvement. Here we report the second case report with concurrent occurrence of GO and carotid cavernous fistula in the literature. PMID:23571267

Celik, Ozlem; Buyuktas, Deram; Islak, Civan; Sarici, A Murat; Gundogdu, A Sadi

2013-01-01

35

The association of carotid cavernous fistula with Graves' ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is one of the frequent manifestations of the disorder which is an inflammatory process due to fibroblast infiltration, fibroblast proliferation and accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. Eye irritation, dryness, excessive tearing, visual blurring, diplopia, pain, visual loss, retroorbital discomfort are the symptoms and they can mimic carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the cavernous sinus. The clinical manifestations of GO can mimic the signs of carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the GO patients especially who are not responding to the standard treatment and when there is a unilateral or asymmetric eye involvement. Here we report the second case report with concurrent occurrence of GO and carotid cavernous fistula in the literature. PMID:23571267

Celik, Ozlem; Buyuktas, Deram; Islak, Civan; Sarici, A Murat; Gundogdu, A Sadi

2013-07-01

36

Management of Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy: Comparison of Recommendations of American Thyroid Association and Endocrine Society  

PubMed Central

Appropriate diagnosis and treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy are of outmost importance, because hyperthyroidism has major adverse impact on both mother and fetus. Since data on the management of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is rapidly evolving, two guidelines have been developed by the American Thyroid Association and the Endocrine society in the last 2 years. We compare here the recommendations of these two guidelines regarding management of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy. The comparison reveals no disagreement or controversy on the various aspects of diagnosis and treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy between the two guidelines. Propylthiouracil has been considered as the first-line drug for treatment of hyperthyroidism in the first trimester of pregnancy. In the second trimester, consideration should be given to switching to methimazole for the rest of pregnancy. Methimazole is also the drug of choice in lactating hyperthyroid women. PMID:23762777

Alamdari, Shahram; Azizi, Fereidoun; Delshad, Hossein; Sarvghadi, Farzaneh; Amouzegar, Atieh; Mehran, Ladan

2013-01-01

37

American Thyroid Association Guide to Investigating Thyroid Hormone Economy and Action in Rodent and Cell Models  

PubMed Central

Background: An in-depth understanding of the fundamental principles that regulate thyroid hormone homeostasis is critical for the development of new diagnostic and treatment approaches for patients with thyroid disease. Summary: Important clinical practices in use today for the treatment of patients with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or thyroid cancer are the result of laboratory discoveries made by scientists investigating the most basic aspects of thyroid structure and molecular biology. In this document, a panel of experts commissioned by the American Thyroid Association makes a series of recommendations related to the study of thyroid hormone economy and action. These recommendations are intended to promote standardization of study design, which should in turn increase the comparability and reproducibility of experimental findings. Conclusions: It is expected that adherence to these recommendations by investigators in the field will facilitate progress towards a better understanding of the thyroid gland and thyroid hormone dependent processes. PMID:24001133

Anderson, Grant; Forrest, Douglas; Galton, Valerie Anne; Gereben, Balázs; Kim, Brian W.; Kopp, Peter A.; Liao, Xiao Hui; Obregon, Maria Jesus; Peeters, Robin P.; Refetoff, Samuel; Sharlin, David S.; Simonides, Warner S.; Weiss, Roy E.; Williams, Graham R.

2014-01-01

38

75 FR 71414 - Questa Ranger District, Carson National Forest; Taos County, NM; Taos Ski Valley's 2010 Master...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carson National Forest, Taos Ski Valley MDP--Phase 1 Projects...accepted a new MDP for Taos Ski Valley, which provides a comprehensive...Purpose and Need for Action: Taos Ski Valley has not made any significant...1. Lift service to high-alpine, advanced intermediate and...

2010-11-23

39

The Tao Of TALC What is TALC?  

E-print Network

The Tao Of TALC What is TALC? TALC is a large, collaborative "office hour" where students work on their homework assignments in an informal, group setting. TALC is staffed by GSIs who serve as guides, rather with the GSIs and their peers. Guidelines for effective teaching in TALC: 1) If a student wishes to start

Militzer, Burkhard

40

Prognostic factors in the radiotherapy of Graves' ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Between April 1968 and February 1988, 311 patients with symptomatic and progressive Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with megavoltage orbital radiotherapy. The patients were divided into three groups: I treated with 20 Gy/2 weeks; II treated with 30 Gy/3 weeks, and III received 20 Gy/2 weeks. The degree of eye involvement was evaluated numerically before and after therapy for each of five parameters: soft tissue signs, proptosis, eye muscle impairment, corneal involvement, and sight loss. Pre-treatment and current thyroid diagnosis and status were also noted. To evaluate the effects of radiotherapy alone, follow-up was terminated at the time any eye surgery was done; for those not treated surgically the minimum follow-up was 12 months. Because there were significant demographic differences between the patient groups, the results of each group were analyzed separately. A stepwise linear regression analysis was performed to determine if there were any significant variables affecting outcome. Based on these data formulae were derived which enable outcome to be predicted in any patient. Before therapy more than 90% of patients in all groups had soft tissue and eye muscle involvement, whereas 65-75% had proptosis and about half 50% had some degree of sight loss. Radiotherapy arrested progression of ophthalmic parameters in all but 1-6% of the patients. Objective and symptomatic improvement was noted for all parameters assessed, but there was marked individual variability. The best responses were noted for soft tissue, corneal involvement, and sight loss; however over half the patients had some improvement in eye muscle function and proptosis. Factors which resulted in less favorable outcome included male gender, advanced age, need for concurrent therapy for hyperthyroidism, and no history of hyperthyroidism. No complications have been observed.

Petersen, I.A.; Kriss, J.P.; McDougall, I.R.; Donaldson, S.S. (Stanford Univ. School of Medicine, CA (USA))

1990-08-01

41

2014 European Thyroid Association Guidelines for the Management of Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy and in Children  

PubMed Central

This guideline has been produced as the official statement of the European Thyroid Association guideline committee. Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) in pregnancy is defined as a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level above the pregnancy-related reference range with a normal serum thyroxine concentration. Isolated hypothyroxinaemia (defined as a thyroxine level below the 2.5th centile of the pregnancy-related reference range with a normal TSH level) is also recognized in pregnancy. In the majority of SCH the cause is autoimmune thyroiditis but may also be due to iodine deficiency. The cause of isolated hypothyroxinaemia is usually not apparent, but iodine deficiency may be a factor. SCH and isolated hypothyroxinaemia are both associated with adverse obstetric outcomes. Levothyroxine therapy may ameliorate some of these with SCH but not in isolated hypothyroxinaemia. SCH and isolated hypothyroxinaemia are both associated with neuro-intellectual impairment of the child, but there is no evidence that maternal levothyroxine therapy improves this outcome. Targeted antenatal screening for thyroid function will miss a substantial percentage of women with thyroid dysfunction. In children SCH (serum TSH concentration >5.5-10 mU/l) normalizes in >70% and persists in the majority of the remaining patients over the subsequent 5 years, but rarely worsens. There is a lack of studies examining the impact of SCH on the neuropsychological development of children under the age of 3 years. In older children, the evidence for an association between SCH and impaired neuropsychological development is inconsistent. Good quality studies examining the effect of treatment of SCH in children are lacking. PMID:25114871

Lazarus, John; Brown, Rosalind S.; Daumerie, Chantal; Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Alicja; Negro, Roberto; Vaidya, Bijay

2014-01-01

42

Modified LZW Algorithm for Efficient Compressed Text Retrieval Nan Zhang, Tao Tao, Ravi Vijaya Satya, and Amar Mukherjee1  

E-print Network

and fast (partial) decompression; b) efficient indexing; c) compression ratio. The compression time the relevant portion. The compression ratio can also be improved using the modified LZW algorithm. PreliminaryModified LZW Algorithm for Efficient Compressed Text Retrieval Nan Zhang, Tao Tao, Ravi Vijaya

Mukherjee, Amar

43

Therapeutic use of mini-scleral lenses in a patient with Graves’ ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy can be very challenging to manage secondary to the complex nature of their disease presentation. Patients may present with a variety of ocular findings including: lid retraction, periorbital and lid swelling, chemosis, conjunctival hyperemia, proptosis, optic neuropathy, restrictive myopathy, exposure keratopathy and/or keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Mini-scleral and scleral lens designs have been important in the management of irregular and regular corneas, and in the therapy of ocular surface diseases. We present here the case of a 48-year-old Caucasian male who had been diagnosed with Graves’ ophthalmopathy 13 years earlier. With significant ocular surface staining and over ten diopters of astigmatism, the patient had never been able to wear contact lenses comfortably. After being fit with the Mini-Scleral Design™ lenses, his vision improved to 20/25 OU, his ocular surface improved, and overall quality of vision increased. PMID:24646903

Harthan, Jennifer S.

2013-01-01

44

Graves' ophthalmopathy and subclinical hypothyroidism: diagnostic value of the thyrotropin releasing hormone test.  

PubMed Central

Five patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy and no previously documented clinical or laboratory evidence of hyperthyroidism were studied. Their serum levels of thyroxine and triiodothyronine (T3) and their T3 uptake were normal. Although the baseline serum level of thyrotropin (TSH) was normal in two patients, it was increased on the other three, and when TSH releasing hormone (TRH) was administered the T3 response was impaired in three patients and the TSH response was exaggerated in all five. These findings facilitated the diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism and distinguished the patients from those with Graves' ophthalmopathy and normal thyroid function or subclinical hyperthyroidism. Thyroid antibodies were detected in the serum of four of the five patients, suggesting the coexistence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis; this disorder could account in part for the subclinical hypothyroidism, which was even present in the two patients in whom thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin was found in the serum. These observations indicate the value of a TRH stimulation test in detecting subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy who appear from clinical and routine laboratory studies to have normal thyroid function but could have normal function or subclinical hyperthyroidism. PMID:6807523

Walfish, P. G.; Gottesman, I. S.; Baxter, J. L.

1982-01-01

45

Randomized double-blind trial of prednisone versus radiotherapy in Graves' ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Corticosteriods are usually given for management of Graves' ophthalmopathy, but they have many and serious side-effects. By comparison, retrobulbar irradiation is well tolerated, although its efficacy has been evaluated only in uncontrolled studies. Therefore, the authors did a double-blind randomized trial, in which 28 patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy were treated with a 3-month course of oral prednisone and sham irradiation, and 28 received retrobulbar irradiation (20 Gy) and placebo capsules. Therapeutic outcome, assessed twenty-four weeks after the start of treatment, was determined by the change in the highest NOSPECS class. A successful outcome was observed in 14 prednisone-treated and in 13 irradiated patients. Responders to treatment (but not nonresponders) in both groups showed improvements in total and subjective eye score and a decrease in eye-muscle volume. Response to either treatment was due largely to changes in soft-tissue involvement and eye-muscle motility. Radiotherapy and oral prednisone appear to be equally effective as initial treatment in patients with moderately severe Graves' ophthalmopathy. In view of its better tolerability, radiotherapy should be considered the treatment of first choice.

Prummel, M.F.; Mourits, M.; Blank, L.; Berghout, A.; Koornneef, L.; Wiersinga, W.M. (Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands))

1993-10-16

46

Trajectory analysis and optimization system (TAOS) user`s manual  

SciTech Connect

The Trajectory Analysis and Optimization System (TAOS) is software that simulates point--mass trajectories for multiple vehicles. It expands upon the capabilities of the Trajectory Simulation and Analysis program (TAP) developed previously at Sandia National Laboratories. TAOS is designed to be a comprehensive analysis tool capable of analyzing nearly any type of three degree-of-freedom, point-mass trajectory. Trajectories are broken into segments, and within each segment, guidance rules provided by the user control how the trajectory is computed. Parametric optimization provides a powerful method for satisfying mission-planning constraints. Althrough TAOS is not interactive, its input and output files have been designed for ease of use. When compared to TAP, the capability to analyze trajectories for more than one vehicle is the primary enhancement, although numerous other small improvements have been made. This report documents the methods used in TAOS as well as the input and output file formats.

Salguero, D.E.

1995-12-01

47

TRUTH AND ACTION OSMOSIS (THE TAO COMPUTATION MODEL)  

E-print Network

TRUTH AND ACTION OSMOSIS (THE TAO COMPUTATION MODEL) ANT â?? ONIO PORTO, VASCO T. VASCONCELOS by the database. Commands always execute and as an e#ect may change the database. We thus have the osmosis

Vasconcelos, Vasco Thudichum

48

Hanz Tao, PT, DPT Office Address: Student Health Services  

E-print Network

Hanz Tao, PT, DPT Office Address: Student Health Services SHS @ Dixon Recreation Center Corvallis), 2010 ­ present APTA Orthopedic Section, Sports PT Section, 2010 ­ present APTA Section on Research

Tullos, Desiree

49

Management of Thyroid Peroxidase Antibody Euthyroid Women in Pregnancy: Comparison of the American Thyroid Association and the Endocrine Society Guidelines  

PubMed Central

The presence of thyroid autoantibodies is relatively high in women of childbearing age. There is evidence that positive thyroperoxidase antibody even in euthyroid women may increase the risk of spontaneous and recurrent pregnancy loss and preterm delivery. However, the evidence is not enough to justify recommendation on the screening of pregnant women for thyroid autoantibodies or LT4 supplementation for reducing maternal or fetal complications. In this paper we reviewed the related evidence and compared the new guidelines of the American Thyroid Association and Endocrine Society with respect to the screening and management of positive thyroperoxidase antibody in euthyroid pregnant women. As there was no major contradiction or disagreement between the two guidelines, either one of two guidelines may be used by clinicians for the appropriate management of thyroid autoimmunity during pregnancy. PMID:23738229

Mehran, L.; Tohidi, M.; Sarvghadi, F.; Delshad, H.; Amouzegar, A.; Soldin, O. P.; Azizi, F.

2013-01-01

50

Efficacy of (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC SPECT/CT scintigraphy in Graves' ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive role of the orbital somatostatin receptor scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC ((99m)Tc-TOC) to detect clinical stage of Graves' ophthalmopathy and the response to corticosteroid therapy. The subjects of the experiment were 46 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and four volunteers without eye disease or GO as the normal group (NG). Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), computed tomography (CT) and the left and right lateral position planar imaging of the heads of the all subjects were obtained 4 h after the intravenous injection of 555 MBq of (99m)Tc-TOC. The (99m)Tc-TOC SPECT/CT was repeated 3 months later. 35 (35/46) patients were received corticosteroid therapy (prednisolone, 10 mg po tid ) for 3 months, however, the other 11 patients as control groups did not receive any treatment. The treatment effect was evaluated both by the orbital (99m)Tc-TOC uptake and NOSPECS. A significant decrease in the O/OC ratio was observed in 22 GO patients between pre- and post-treatment (1.64 ± 0.13 vs. 1.21 ± 0.09, P < 0.05). There were neither significant difference of the O/OC ratio in 13 GO patients between pre- and post-treatment periods, nor significant difference in the 9 (9/11) patients before and after three months. Orbital (99m)Tc-TOC scintigraphy is a feasible technique to estimate the Graves' ophthalmopathy activity and predict the response to subsequent corticosteroid therapy in GO patients. The technique could be a useful tool for physicians not familiar with CAS determination. PMID:23133815

Zhao, Rong; Wang, Jiang; Deng, Jinglan; Yang, Weidong; Wang, Jing

2012-01-01

51

Clinical classification of Graves' ophthalmopathy. Identification of risk factors for optic neuropathy.  

PubMed

Clinical signs of Graves' ophthalmopathy were correlated with extraocular muscle volumes in 50 patients. Significant correlations were obtained for horizontal, vertical, and total extraocular muscle limitation, as well as periorbital swelling. Proptosis correlated to a lesser extent. Optic nerve involvement was found to be correlated with both total extraocular muscle volume and limitation of ocular motility. From this information, no risk, future risk, and immediate risk categories of disease were defined quantitatively. The results of the study imply that optic nerve involvement is more likely to occur in association with noncompliant, fibrotic muscle than with more supple muscle of the same total volume. PMID:6548373

Feldon, S E; Muramatsu, S; Weiner, J M

1984-10-01

52

Protracted Hypofractionated Radiotherapy for Graves' Ophthalmopathy: A Pilot Study of Clinical and Radiologic Response  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiologic response of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy given low-dose orbital radiotherapy (RT) with a protracted fractionation. Methods and Materials: Eighteen patients (36 orbits) received orbital RT with a total dose of 10 Gy, fractionated in 1 Gy once a week over 10 weeks. Of these, 9 patients received steroid therapy as well. Patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically at 6 months after treatment. Clinical response assessment was carried out using three criteria: by physical examination, by a modified clinical activity score, and by a verbal questionnaire considering the 10 most common signs and symptoms of the disease. Radiologic response was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Improvement in ocular pain, palpebral edema, visual acuity, and ocular motility was observed in all patients. Significant decrease in symptoms such as tearing (p < 0.001) diplopia (p = 0.008), conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.002), and ocular grittiness (p = 0.031) also occurred. Magnetic resonance imaging showed decrease in ocular muscle thickness and in the intensity of the T2 sequence signal in the majority of patients. Treatments were well tolerated, and to date no complications from treatment have been observed. There was no statistical difference in clinical and radiologic response between patients receiving RT alone and those receiving RT plus steroid therapy. Conclusion: RT delivered in at a low dose and in a protracted scheme should be considered as a useful therapeutic option for patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy.

Casimiro de Deus Cardoso, Cejana; Giordani, Adelmo Jose [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Borri Wolosker, Angela Maria [Department of Radiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Souhami, Luis [Department of Radiotherapy, McGill University Heath Centre, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Gois Manso, Paulo [Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Souza Dias, Rodrigo; Comodo Segreto, Helena Regina [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo Segreto, Roberto, E-mail: segreto.dmed@epm.br [Department of Clinical and Experimental Oncology, Division of Radiotherapy, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2012-03-01

53

75 FR 66345 - Proposed Amendment of Class E Airspace; Taos, NM  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...amend Class E airspace at Taos, NM. Decommissioning of the Ski non-directional beacon (NDB) at Taos Regional Airport, Taos...reconfiguration is necessary due to the decommissioning of the Ski NDB and the cancellation of the NDB approach, and would...

2010-10-28

54

Comparison of TRMM rainfall retrievals with rain gauge data from the TAO/TRITON buoy array  

E-print Network

Comparison of TRMM rainfall retrievals with rain gauge data from the TAO/TRITON buoy array Kenneth on the NOAA TAO/ TRITON buoy array in the tropical Pacific. The buoy rain gauges have an advantage over most. Phillips, and G. R. North, Comparison of TRMM rainfall retrievals with rain gauge data from the TAO/TRITON

55

Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins as measured in a reporter bioassay are not detected in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and ophthalmopathy or isolated upper eyelid retraction  

PubMed Central

Although ophthalmopathy is mainly associated with Graves’ hyperthyroidism, milder eye changes are also found in about 25% of patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT). The recent finding of negative thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies, as measured in the Thyretain™ thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) reporter bioassay, in patients with euthyroid Graves’ disease raises the possibility that TSHR antibodies are not the cause of ophthalmopathy in all situations. Here, we have tested serum from patients with HT with and without ophthalmopathy or isolated upper eyelid retraction (UER) for TSHR antibodies, using the TSI reporter bioassay and collagen XIII as a marker of autoimmunity against the orbital fibroblast. Study groups were 23 patients with HT with ophthalmopathy, isolated UER, or both eye features and 17 patients without eye signs. Thyretain™ TSI results were expressed as a percentage of the sample-to-reference ratio, with a positive test being taken as a sample-to-reference ratio of more than 140%. Serum collagen XIII antibodies were measured in standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. TSI tests were positive in 22% of patients with HT with no eye signs but in no patient with eye signs. In contrast, TSI tests were positive in 94% of patients with Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Tests were negative in all normal subjects tested. Collagen XIII antibodies were detected in 83% of patients with ophthalmopathy, UER, or both eye features, but in only 30% of patients with no eye signs. Our findings suggest that TSHR antibodies do not play a major role in the pathogenesis of ophthalmopathy or isolated UER in patients with HT. Moreover, the role of TSHR antibodies in the development of ophthalmopathy in patients with Graves’ disease remains to be proven. In contrast, collagen XIII antibodies appear to be a good marker of eye disease in patients with HT. PMID:25336908

Wall, Jack R; Lahooti, Hooshang; El Kochairi, Ilhem; Lytton, Simon D; Champion, Bernard

2014-01-01

56

Automated differential photometry of TAOS data: preliminary analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A preliminary data analysis of the stellar light curves obtained by the robotic telescopes of the TAOS project is presented. We selected a data run relative to one of the stellar fields observed by three of the four TAOS telescopes, and we investigate the common trend and the correlation between the light curves. We propose two ways to remove these trends and show the preliminary results. A project aimed at flagging interesting behaviors, such as stellar variability, and to set up an automated follow-up with the San Pedro Mártir Facilities is on the way.

Ricci, D.; Sprimont, P.-G.; Ayala, C.; Ramón-Fox, F. G.; Michel, R.; Navarro, S.; Wang, S.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Lehner, M. J.; Nicastro, L.; Reyes-Ruiz, M.

2014-12-01

57

Digital Aeromagnetic Data and Derivative Products from a Helicopter Survey over the Town of Taos and Surrounding Areas, Taos County, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report contains digital data, image files, and text files describing data formats and survey procedures for aeromagnetic data collected during a helicopter geophysical survey in northern New Mexico during October 2003. The survey covers the Town of Taos, Taos Pueblo, and surrounding communities in Taos County. Several derivative products from these data are also presented, including reduced-to-pole, horizontal gradient magnitude, and downward continued grids and images.

Bankey, Viki; Grauch, V.J.S.; Fugro Airborne Surveys Corporation

2004-01-01

58

Autonomous Trust Establishment1 Tao Jiang John S. Baras  

E-print Network

}@isr.umd.edu Abstract Trust establishment in networks is the essential foundation for follow-on security mecha- nisms, Security, Graph Theory 1 Introduction As an important concept in network security, trust is interpretedAutonomous Trust Establishment1 Tao Jiang John S. Baras Institute for Systems Research

Baras, John S.

59

Improved Website Fingerprinting on Tor Tao Wang Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Improved Website Fingerprinting on Tor Tao Wang Ian Goldberg Cheriton School of Computer Science fingerprinting techniques that achieve a higher classification accuracy on Tor than previous works. We describe our novel methodology for gathering data on Tor; this methodology is essential for accurate classifier

Goldberg, Ian

60

Tao controls epithelial morphogenesis by promoting Fasciclin 2 endocytosis  

PubMed Central

Regulation of epithelial cell shape, for example, changes in relative sizes of apical, basal, and lateral membranes, is a key mechanism driving morphogenesis. However, it is unclear how epithelial cells control the size of their membranes. In the epithelium of the Drosophila melanogaster ovary, cuboidal precursor cells transform into a squamous epithelium through a process that involves lateral membrane shortening coupled to apical membrane extension. In this paper, we report a mutation in the gene Tao, which resulted in the loss of this cuboidal to squamous transition. We show that the inability of Tao mutant cells to shorten their membranes was caused by the accumulation of the cell adhesion molecule Fasciclin 2, the Drosophila N-CAM (neural cell adhesion molecule) homologue. Fasciclin 2 accumulation at the lateral membrane of Tao mutant cells prevented membrane shrinking and thereby inhibited morphogenesis. In wild-type cells, Tao initiated morphogenesis by promoting Fasciclin 2 endocytosis at the lateral membrane. Thus, we identify here a mechanism controlling the morphogenesis of a squamous epithelium. PMID:23266957

Gomez, Juan Manuel; Wang, Ying

2012-01-01

61

Music Data Mining: An Introduction Tao Li and Lei Li  

E-print Network

Music Data Mining: An Introduction Tao Li and Lei Li October 17, 2010 #12;2 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 5 1.1 Music Data Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 An Introduction and Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.3 Music Data Mining

Li, Tao

62

Results of diplopia and strabismus in patients with severe thyroid ophthalmopathy after orbital decompression  

PubMed Central

Purpose: It has been frequently stated that the orbital decompression, in patients with thyroid ophthalmopathy, does not usually improve extraocular muscles function and that after the operation there is often a deterioration of these functions. The purpose of this article is evaluation of extraocular muscles function after applying personal method of 3 wall orbital decompression. Materials And Methods: Retrospective review of case records of 119 patients with severe thyroid ophthalmopathy seen and treated by the author between December 1986 and December 2010. All patents underwent 3 wall orbital decompression combined with removal of the periorbital, intraorbital and retrobulbar fat. Correction of coexistent eyelid retraction and deformities were also performed. Results: Comparison of preoperative and postoperative results was conducted in 65 patients three months after 3 wall decompression. All patients showed a significant reduction of exophthalmos [5-11 mm, 7.2 mm on average], reduction of intraocular pressure, marked improvement in ocular muscle function as well as considerable reduction in or disappearance of subjective symptoms. There were no cases of subsequent impairment of ocular motility. Strabismus surgery was performed in 6 patients with residual diplopia. There was an improvement in vision in 68% patients who had impaired vision before the operation. Less evident relapse of exophthalmos was recorded in 3 cases only and only one patient required unilateral reoperation. Conclusion: It can be concluded that this method of orbital decompression is logical, based on an understanding of the pathology, has less complication rates, is relatively easy to perform, gives very good functional and aesthetic long term results and allows rapid recovery. PMID:24178400

Roncevic, Radmilo; Savkovic, Zorica; Roncevic, Dusan

2014-01-01

63

Prof. Andrea Tao (left), Dr. Fariba Farhoo, DARPA YFA Program Manager Andrea Tao, assistant professor of NanoEngineering, was recently awarded a 2014 Young Faculty Award  

E-print Network

Prof. Andrea Tao (left), Dr. Fariba Farhoo, DARPA YFA Program Manager Andrea Tao, assistant Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) for her research project, "Plasmonic Nanoprobes for Neuronal Monitoring." According to DARPA, "The objective of the DARPA Young Faculty Award (YFA) program is to identify

Dey, Sujit

64

Status of the Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Transneptunian Automated Occultation Survey (TAOS II) will aim to detect occultations of stars by small 1 km diameter) objects in the Transneptunian region and beyond. Such events are very rare (< 10-3 events per star per year) and short in duration (˜200 ms), so many stars must be monitored at a high readout cadence. TAOS II will operate three 1.3 meter telescopes at the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional at San Pedro Mártir in Baja California, México. With a 2.3 square degree field of view and high speed cameras comprising CMOS imagers, the survey will monitor 10,000 stars simultaneously with all three telescopes at a readout cadence of 20 Hz. In this presentation, we will describe the project in detail and discuss the progress on the development of the survey infrastructure.

Lehner, Matthew; Wang, S.; Ho, P.; Zhang, Z.; Cook, K.; Yen, W.; Reyes-Ruiz, M.; Hiriart, D.; Richer, M.; Alcock, C.; Szentgyorgyi, A.; Geary, J.; Norton, T.; Furesz, G.

2013-10-01

65

THE TAOS PROJECT: RESULTS FROM SEVEN YEARS OF SURVEY DATA  

SciTech Connect

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to detect serendipitous occultations of stars by small ({approx}1 km diameter) objects in the Kuiper Belt and beyond. Such events are very rare (<10{sup -3} events per star per year) and short in duration ({approx}200 ms), so many stars must be monitored at a high readout cadence. TAOS monitors typically {approx}500 stars simultaneously at a 5 Hz readout cadence with four telescopes located at Lulin Observatory in central Taiwan. In this paper, we report the results of the search for small Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) in seven years of data. No occultation events were found, resulting in a 95% c.l. upper limit on the slope of the faint end of the KBO size distribution of q = 3.34-3.82, depending on the surface density at the break in the size distribution at a diameter of about 90 km.

Zhang, Z.-W.; Lehner, M. J.; Wang, J.-H.; Wen, C.-Y.; Wang, S.-Y.; King, S.-K.; Cook, K. H.; Lee, T. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica. 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, National Taiwan University. No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Granados, A. P. [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 106, Ensenada, Baja California 22800 (Mexico); Alcock, C.; Protopapas, P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Axelrod, T. [Steward Observatory, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Room No. 204, Tucson AZ 85721 (United States); Bianco, F. B. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Byun, Y.-I. [Department of Astronomy and University Observatory, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of); Chen, W. P. [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, No. 300, Jhongda Road, Jhongli City, Taoyuan County 320, Taiwan (China); Coehlo, N. K. [Department of Statistics, University of California Berkeley, 367 Evans Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); De Pater, I. [Department of Astronomy, University of California Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Kim, D.-W. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lissauer, J. J. [Space Science and Astrobiology Division 245-3, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Marshall, S. L., E-mail: zwzhang@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, 2575 Sand Hill Road, MS 29, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); and others

2013-07-01

66

A perceived low-frequency sound in Taos, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Persistent complaints of an annoying low-frequency sound in Northern New Mexico, particularly in the vicinity of Taos, led to a request by members of the Congressional delegation of NM for an investigation. During the summer of 1993, in Taos, extensive simultaneous measurements were carried out of acoustic, seismic, electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic signals by a team from Sandia and Los Alamos National Laboratories, the Air Force Phillips Laboratory, and the University of New Mexico. Since anecdotal evidence and signal matching tests by the hearers implicated the frequencies between 30 to 100 Hz, special attention was given to that range. However, no signals were found matching the description, and in particular no airborne audio signals in this range were found other than background, even though the acoustical detector was capable of measuring signals less than [minus]50 dB SPL. Subsequent complaints of similar sounds from widely distributed areas in the U.S., and a long history of these in the U.K. [R. N. Vasudevan and C. G. Gordon, Appl. Acoust. [bold 10], 57--69 (1977)] have focused attention on human hearing in the 20--100 Hz range. New instruments are being developed and controlled clinical tests are planned with hearers and nonhearers in the Taos area.

Mullins, J.H. (Dept. of Mech. Eng., Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87121 (United States)); Poteet, H. (Sandia Natl. Labs., Albuquerque, NM 87185-5800 (United States))

1994-11-01

67

Increased microRNA-155 and decreased microRNA-146a may promote ocular inflammation and proliferation in Graves’ ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Graves’ ophthalmopathy is an inflammatory autoimmune disease of the orbit, characterized by inflammation and proliferation of the orbital tissue caused by CD4+T cells and orbital fibroblasts. Despite recent substantial findings regarding its cellular and molecular foundations, the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy remains unclear. Accumulating data suggest that microRNAs play important roles in the pathophysiology of autoimmunity and proliferation. Specifically, microRNA-155 (miR-155) can promote autoimmune inflammation by enhancing inflammatory T cell development. In contrast to miR-155, microRNA-146a (miR-146a) can inhibit the immune response by suppressing T cell activation. Furthermore, miR-155 and miR-146a are involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and many other life processes. Thus, miR-155 and miR-146a, with opposite impacts on inflammatory responses carried out by T lymphocytes, appear to have multiple targets in the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Our previous work showed that the expression of miR-146a was significantly decreased in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Graves’ ophthalmopathy patients compared with normal subjects. Accordingly, we proposed that the expression of miR-155 increased and the expression of miR-146a decreased in the target cells (CD4+T cells and orbital fibroblasts), thus promoting ocular inflammation and proliferation in Graves’ ophthalmopathy. The proposed hypothesis warrants further investigation of the function of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which may shed new light on the pathogenesis of Graves’ ophthalmopathy and lead to new strategies for its management. PMID:24743332

Li, Kaijun; Du, Yi; Jiang, Ben-Li; He, Jian-Feng

2014-01-01

68

Rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides counteracts diabetic ophthalmopathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.  

PubMed

Diabetic ophthalmopathy (DO) impairs patients' eyesight and even causes blindness. Here, we investigated the effect of 60% ethanol extract of the rhizome of Anemarrhenae asphodeloides (ERA), which is commonly used in Chinese medicine formulae in treating diabetes, on DO progression. Blood glucose, insulin, advanced glycation end products (AGE), super oxygen dehydrogenises (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels in serum and sorbitol concentration in the lens were measured. Retinal endothelium/pericyte (E/P) ratio was evaluated, and structural changes of the retina and lens were observed. Effects of mangiferin and neomangiferin, the two major components of ERA, on subnormal growth of pericytes induced by high glucose were also detected. It was found that the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in serum were increased, whereas MDA and AGE levels in serum and sorbitol concentration in the lens were decreased in ERA-treated DO rats. E/P ratio was decreased, and the pathological changes of the lens and retina were alleviated by ERA treatment. Moreover, the subnormal growth of pericytes induced by high glucose was ameliorated by mangiferin and neomangiferin. These results indicated that ERA could effectively prevent DO progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and mangiferin and neomangiferin may be the main effective components. PMID:23148017

Li, Xuan; Cui, Xiaobing; Wang, Jinjin; Yang, Jie; Sun, Xiaoyu; Li, Xiaodong; Zhu, Quan; Li, Wei

2013-08-01

69

24 November 2011 NUS Engineering alumna (Class of 2009) Tao Yijun  

E-print Network

24 November 2011 NUS Engineering alumna (Class of 2009) Tao Yijun shines at SEA Games 2011 Yijun was one of the stars in the NUS Engineering Commencement video 2011. NUS Electrical & Computer Engineering alumna (Class of 2009), Tao Yijun shone again in Wushu at the recent SEA games held in Jakarta

Tan, Chew Lim

70

The Making of a National Hero: Tao Xingzhi's Legacies in the People's Republic of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tao Xingzhi (1891-1946) was an outstanding modern educator, whose theory and practice of life education represented a radical discourse in the Chinese debate on modern education and national reconstruction. Although he is most often known as a Deweyan reformer in the mainstream of American studies, in his theoretical maturity Tao can more…

Yao, Yusheng

2002-01-01

71

In 2006, Terence Tao was awarded the Fields Medal (the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize).  

E-print Network

In 2006, Terence Tao was awarded the Fields Medal (the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize). Among his other awards are the Bôcher Prize, the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize, the Clay Research Award, the Nemmers Prize, and, in 2010, he shared the P�lya Prize. Terence TaoJames and Carol Collins Chair

Vakil, Ravi

72

Audiomagnetotelluric data, Taos Plateau Volcanic Field, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey is conducting a series of multidisciplinary studies of the San Luis Basin as part of the Geologic framework of the Rio Grande Basins project. Detailed geologic mapping, high-resolution airborne magnetic surveys, gravity surveys, audiomagnetotelluric surveys, and hydrologic and lithologic data are being used to better understand the aquifers. This report describes a regional east-west audiomagnetotelluric sounding profile acquired in late July 2009 across the Taos Plateau Volcanic Field. No interpretation of the data is included.

Ailes, Chad E.; Rodriguez, Brian D.

2011-01-01

73

Association of Toll-Like Receptor 10 Polymorphisms with Autoimmune Thyroid Disease in Korean Children.  

PubMed

Background: The Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are germline-encoded receptors that play an essential role in initiating the immune response against pathogens. In this study, we assess the association of TLR polymorphism with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) in Korean children. Methods: We investigated three polymorphisms in the TLR10 gene (rs4129009, rs11096956, and rs10004195) in 85 Korean AITD patients (Graves' disease, [GD]=50, Hashimoto's disease [HD]=35; thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy [TAO]=23, non-TAO=62; male=16, female=69; mean age=13.4±3.1 years) and 279 healthy control subjects. Results: In patients with AITD, the frequencies of the TLR10 rs4129009 A allele (odds raio [OR]=3.9, corrected p=0.04) and rs10004195 T allele (OR=2.8, corrected p=0.02) were higher than in the healthy controls, whereas the TLR10 rs4129009 GG genotype (OR=0.3, corrected p=0.04) and rs10004195 AA genotype (OR=0.4, corrected p=0.02) showed lower frequencies. The TLR10 rs11096956 did not show any significant association. These significant associations were also found in the non-thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) group, but not in the TAO group. The haplotype (AGT) frequency of TLR10 rs4129009, rs11096956, and rs10004195 was higher in the AITD group than in healthy controls (OR=2.1, corrected p=0.03). Conclusions: Our results suggest that TLR10 polymorphisms may contribute to the pathogenesis of AITD. PMID:25295614

Cho, Won Kyoung; Jang, Jung-Pil; Choi, Eun-Jeong; Jeon, Yeon Jin; Jung, In Ah; Kim, Shin-Hee; Jung, Min Ho; Kim, Tai-Gyu; Suh, Byung-Kyu

2014-11-12

74

Census of the Kuiper-Belt Objects --- The TAOS Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thus far more than two hundred large (size more then 100 km) Kuiper-belt objects (KBOs) have been identified by direct imaging. Even smaller bodies, though expected to be more numerous on theoretical grounds, are much too faint to image directly. A KBO may reveal its existence, nevertheless, if it happens to block out the light from a background star. The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) project, a collaboration of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (USA), Academia Sinica, National Central University (both of Taiwan), and other institutes, aims to measure the frequency of such chance stellar occultations. Our experiment provides the only means to conduct the census of the Kuiper-belt population down to a few kilometer sizes. We are setting up an array of small (50 cm), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes in Taiwan to monitor the brightness of some 3000 stars at a rate of 5 Hz. These robot telescopes will operate in a coincidence mode, so the sequence and timing of any candidate occultation event can be recorded and distinguished agaist a false detection. Other scientific byproducts, such as variable star studies, will conceivably also derive from this huge TAOS database, some 10,000 GB worth of photometrical measurements per year.

Chen, W. P.; Taos Team

75

Web-based tools for the analysis of TAOS data and much more  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We suggest a new web-based approach for browsing and visualizing data produced by a network of telescopes, such as those of the ongoing TAOS and the forthcoming TAOS II projects. We propose a modern client-side technology and we present two examples based on two software packages developed for different kinds of server-side database approaches. In spite our examples are specific for the browsing of TAOS light curves, the software is coded in a way to be suitable for the use in several types of astronomical projects.

Ricci, D.; Sprimont, P.-G.; Ayala, C.; Ramón-Fox, F. G.; Michel, R.; Navarro, S.; Wang, S.-Y.; Zhang, Z.-W.; Lehner, M. J.; Nicastro, L.; Reyes-Ruiz, M.

2014-12-01

76

Census of Kuiper Comets-the TAOS Project (I)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cometary nuclei, the remnant icy bodies of planet formation, located at the outer edge of the solar system, are relatively poorly studied because of their small sizes and thus faintness. Thus far a few dozens of the large members (size about 100 km) of this cometary population in the Kuiper belt have been identified (Jewitt and Luu, 1995). Smaller bodies (less than about 10 km) are much too faint to image directly and their number so far can only be extrapolated on theoretical grounds. The TAOS project will conduct a census of the number of Kuiper belt objects down to a few km size by monotoring chance stellar occultations by these cometary nuclei. We will set up an array of small (50 cm), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes equipped with 2K squared CCD cameras, along a 7 km baseline in central Taiwan at an elevation above 3000 m. The robot telescope systems will operate in a coincidence mode so the sequence and timing of any real occultation events can be recorded and distinguished against false detections. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from the USA, the National Central University, and the Academia Sinica, both from Taiwan, will each contribute one telescope system. Researchers from an international variety of institutes are also participating in the project. Our experiment will provide the only means to study the cometary population in the small-sized end of the distribution. A great number of scientific byproducts, notably variable stars, will also derive from the huge TAOS database, some 10,000 giga-bytes worth of photometrical measurements per year.

Chen, Wen Ping

77

TAO1 kinase maintains chromosomal stability by facilitating proper congression of chromosomes  

PubMed Central

Chromosomal instability can arise from defects in chromosome–microtubule attachment. Using a variety of drug treatments, we show that TAO1 kinase is required for ensuring the normal congression of chromosomes. Depletion of TAO1 reduces the density of growing interphase and mitotic microtubules in human cells, showing TAO1's role in controlling microtubule dynamics. We demonstrate the aneugenic nature of chromosome–microtubule attachment defects in TAO1-depleted cells using an error-correction assay. Our model further strengthens the emerging paradigm that microtubule regulatory pathways are important for resolving erroneous kinetochore–microtubule attachments and maintaining the integrity of the genome, regardless of the spindle checkpoint status. PMID:24898139

Shrestha, Roshan L.; Tamura, Naoka; Fries, Anna; Levin, Nicolas; Clark, Joanna; Draviam, Viji M.

2014-01-01

78

Prediction of thermal acoustic oscillations (TAOs) in the CLAES solid CO2/neon system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are presented of a study initiated to investigate the possibility that the existence of thermal acoustic oscillations (TAOs) in the Cryogenic Limb Atmospheric Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) neon plumbing system ground configuration could be the cause of higher-than-predicted heat rates measured during thermal ground testing. Tests were conducted between warm boundary temperatures ranging from 40 to 100 K, which simulated the actual test conditions of the CLAES CO2/neon system. TAOs were observed between 6 and 106 Torr, which agreed with the analytical predictions, and verified the possible existence of TAOs in the CLAES system during ground testing. The presence of TAOs was eventually confirmed in the CLAES system during a subsequent thermal test and were determined to have caused the higher heat rates measured during the prior thermal test.

Spradley, I. E.; Yuan, S. W. K.

1991-01-01

79

Antithyroglobulin monoclonal and autoantibodies cross-react with an orbital connective tissue membrane antigen: a possible mechanism for the association of ophthalmopathy with autoimmune thyroid disorders.  

PubMed Central

The possibility that Graves' ophthalmopathy and autoimmune thyroid disorders may be associated because of autoimmune reactions against antigens shared between human orbital and thyroid tissues was investigated using anti-thyroglobulin (Tg) monoclonal and autoantibodies. Eleven of 16 mouse monoclonal antibodies (MCAB) tested reacted, in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), with an antigen in human orbital connective tissue membranes (OCTmem), but not with the OCT soluble fraction, or with membrane or soluble fractions of human eye muscle, lacrimal gland or skin connective tissue. The anti-OCTmem activity was absorbed by OCTmem and Tg, but not by liver membranes or bovine serum albumin (BSA). In preliminary studies four out of 113 human MCAB against thyroid or orbital tissue antigens showed reactivity restricted to Tg and OCTmem. Sera from approximately 50% of patients with autoimmune thyroid disorders, with or without ophthalmopathy, also reacted with OCTmem. The autoantibody activity correlated closely with serum titres of antithyroglobulin but not with the presence, duration, or severity of the eye disease. The OCTmem reactivity was absorbed by Tg, thyroid membranes, and OCTmem but not liver membranes, membranes prepared from other orbital tissues, or BSA. The OCTmem-Tg shared antigen site appeared not to be native thyroglobulin since, (i) MCAB and serum autoantibodies did not react with the cytosol fraction of OCT, and (ii) because the membrane antigen was not solubilizable. Because not all patients with ophthalmopathy have detectable anti-Tg antibodies and, conversely, because not all patients with detectable anti-Tg antibodies develop ophthalmopathy it is unlikely that autoimmunity against a OCTmem-Tg shared antigen is the primary mechanism of Graves' ophthalmopathy, although this possibility has not been excluded. On the other hand the reaction of anti-Tg autoantibodies with OCT membranes may be a model for other autoimmune reactions against other thyroid-orbital tissue-shared antigens. While the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy is likely to be multifactorial, humoral and cellular reactions against primary orbital antigens, thyroid-orbitol tissue shared antigens, or both, are likely to play important roles. PMID:3841305

Kuroki, T; Ruf, J; Whelan, L; Miller, A; Wall, J R

1985-01-01

80

Preliminary results of comparisons between Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) oceanographic refresh and Legacy sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the transition of the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) program, NOAA's National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) is testing commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components to replace obsolescent sensors. The ldquorefreshrdquo of TAO will also include changing to a transmission system that allows hourly receipt of high-resolution data, and incorporating a new payload. Six refresh buoys will be deployed within 10

R. L. Crout; J. Boyd

2008-01-01

81

Drosophila gene tao-1 encodes proteins with and without a Ste20 kinase domain that affect cytoskeletal architecture and cell migration differently  

PubMed Central

Tao-1, the single representative of the Sterile 20 kinase subfamily in Drosophila, is best known for destabilizing microtubules at the actin-rich cortex, regulating the cytoskeletal architecture of cells. More recently, Tao-1 was shown to act in the Salvador–Warts–Hippo pathway by phosphorylating Hippo, regulating cell growth as well as cell polarity. Here, we show that tao-1 encodes two proteins, one with the Sterile 20 kinase domain (Tao-L) and one without it (Tao-S), and that they act in an antagonistic manner. Tao-L expression causes lamellipodia-like cell protrusions, whereas Tao-S expression results in filopodia-like structures that make cells stick to the surface they attach to. Ectopic Tao-1 expression in the anterior region of Drosophila embryos results in pole cell formation as normally observed at the posterior end. Tao-S expression causes primordial germ cells (PGCs) to adhere to the inner wall of the gut primordia and prevents proper transepithelial migration to the gonads. Conversely, RNAi knockdowns of Tao-1 cause disordered migration of PGCs out of the gut epithelium, their dispersal within the embryo and cell death. The results reveal a novel function of Tao-1 in cell migration, which is based on antagonistic activities of two proteins encoded by a single gene. PMID:25589578

Pflanz, Ralf; Voigt, Aaron; Yakulov, Toma; Jäckle, Herbert

2015-01-01

82

Drosophila gene tao-1 encodes proteins with and without a Ste20 kinase domain that affect cytoskeletal architecture and cell migration differently.  

PubMed

Tao-1, the single representative of the Sterile 20 kinase subfamily in Drosophila, is best known for destabilizing microtubules at the actin-rich cortex, regulating the cytoskeletal architecture of cells. More recently, Tao-1 was shown to act in the Salvador-Warts-Hippo pathway by phosphorylating Hippo, regulating cell growth as well as cell polarity. Here, we show that tao-1 encodes two proteins, one with the Sterile 20 kinase domain (Tao-L) and one without it (Tao-S), and that they act in an antagonistic manner. Tao-L expression causes lamellipodia-like cell protrusions, whereas Tao-S expression results in filopodia-like structures that make cells stick to the surface they attach to. Ectopic Tao-1 expression in the anterior region of Drosophila embryos results in pole cell formation as normally observed at the posterior end. Tao-S expression causes primordial germ cells (PGCs) to adhere to the inner wall of the gut primordia and prevents proper transepithelial migration to the gonads. Conversely, RNAi knockdowns of Tao-1 cause disordered migration of PGCs out of the gut epithelium, their dispersal within the embryo and cell death. The results reveal a novel function of Tao-1 in cell migration, which is based on antagonistic activities of two proteins encoded by a single gene. PMID:25589578

Pflanz, Ralf; Voigt, Aaron; Yakulov, Toma; Jäckle, Herbert

2015-01-01

83

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? agonists modulate CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines in Graves' ophthalmopathy fibroblasts and preadipocytes.  

PubMed

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)? have been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects in autoimmune disorders; no study evaluated the effect of PPAR? activation in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). We show the presence of PPAR?, ? and ? in GO fibroblasts and preadipocytes. PPAR? activators have a potent inhibitory action on the secretion of CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines (induced by IFN? and TNF?) in fibroblasts and preadipocytes. The potency of the used PPAR? agonists was maximum on the secretion of CXCL11 (67% inhibition by fenofibrate) in fibroblasts. The relative potency of the compounds in GO fibroblasts was different with each chemokine. PPAR? agonists were stronger inhibitors of CXCL9 and CXCL11 (in GO fibroblasts and preadipocytes) than PPAR? activators. This study first shows that PPAR? activators inhibit CXCL9 and CXCL11 chemokines in normal and GO fibroblasts and preadipocytes, suggesting that PPAR? may be involved in the modulation of the immune response in GO. PMID:22101320

Antonelli, Alessandro; Ferrari, Silvia Martina; Frascerra, Silvia; Ruffilli, Ilaria; Gelmini, Stefania; Minuto, Michele; Pupilli, Cinzia; Miccoli, Paolo; Sellari-Franceschini, Stefano; Ferrannini, Ele; Fallahi, Poupak

2012-02-26

84

2013 European Thyroid Association Guidelines for Cervical Ultrasound Scan and Ultrasound-Guided Techniques in the Postoperative Management of Patients with Thyroid Cancer  

PubMed Central

Cervical ultrasound scanning (US) is considered a key examination, by all major thyroid and endocrine specialist societies for the postoperative follow-up of thyroid cancer patients to assess the risk of recurrence. Neck US imaging is readily available, non-invasive, relatively easy to perform, cost-effective, and can guide diagnostic and therapeutic procedures with low complication rates. Its main shortcoming is its operator-dependency. Because of the pivotal role of US in the care of thyroid cancer patients, the European Thyroid Association convened a panel of international experts to review technical aspects, indications, results, and limitations of cervical US in the initial staging and follow-up of thyroid cancer patients. The main aim is to establish guidelines for both a cervical US scanning protocol and US-guided diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in patients with thyroid cancer. This report presents (1) standardization of the US scanning procedure, techniques of US-guided fine-needle aspiration, and reporting of findings; (2) definition of criteria for classification of malignancy risk based on cervical US imaging characteristics of neck masses and lymph nodes; (3) indications for US-guided fine-needle aspiration and for biological in situ assessments; (4) proposal of an algorithm for the follow-up of thyroid cancer patients based on risk stratification following histopathological and cervical US findings, and (5) discussion of the potential use of US-guided localization and ablation techniques for locoregional thyroid metastases. PMID:24847448

Leenhardt, L.; Erdogan, M.F.; Hegedus, L.; Mandel, S.J.; Paschke, R.; Rago, T.; Russ, G.

2013-01-01

85

Stop Codon in the Procollagen II Gene (COL2A1) in a Family with the Stickler Syndrome (Arthro-Ophthalmopathy)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkage analysis with restriction fragment length polymorphisms for the gene for type II procollagen (COL2A1) was carried out in a family with the Stickler syndrome, or arthro-ophthalmopathy, an autosomal dominant disorder that affects the eyes, ears, joints, and skeleton. The analysis demonstrated linkage of the disease and COL2A1 with a logarithm-of-odds score of 1.51 at zero recombination. A newly developed

Nilofer Nina Ahmad; Leena Ala-Kokko; Robert G. Knowlton; Sergio A. Jimenez; Eric J. Weaver; Joseph I. Maguire; William Tasman; Darwin J. Prockop

1991-01-01

86

UNM-TAOS LIBRARY L:\\pub\\Forms\\Instruction Sheet Masters\\Accessing LIBROS.doc 11/22/2011  

E-print Network

route to LIBROS (and other library resources) is through the UNM-Taos web page (http://taos.unm.edu). 1. Under Quick Links click on Library. 2. Once you are on the Library web page, under "Information Sources article titles). · microfilm · web page documents or files Note: Generally speaking, LIBROS does

New Mexico, University of

87

ON NUMERICAL ENTROPY INEQUALITIES FOR A CLASS OF RELAXED HUAZHONG TANG y , TAO TANG z AND JINGHUA WANG $  

E-print Network

ON NUMERICAL ENTROPY INEQUALITIES FOR A CLASS OF RELAXED SCHEMES HUAZHONG TANG y , TAO TANG z of US and NSF of China Joint Research Proposal No. INT­9601376. 1 #12; 2 HUAZHONG TANG, TAO TANG AND JINGHUA WANG above are mostly in the L 1 sense. In [12], Tadmor and Tang obtained the first

Tang, Tao

88

Circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 are significantly correlated with the clinical activity of Graves' ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is a common autoimmune disease that is difficult to deal with due to limited clinical evaluation methods. Recently miR-146a and Interleukin-17 (IL-17) have been found to be involved in autoimmune disorders and correlated with disease activity. However, it is unclear whether they are involved in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation of circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 with clinical activity in GO patients. Fifty-seven study subjects were enrolled in four groups according to the corresponding criteria: active-GO, inactive-GO, Graves disease (GD) without ophthalmopathy, and healthy control group. The circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 were determined by qRT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. Serum IL-17 levels of GD, inactive-GO, and active-GO groups were all significantly higher than that of control (all P < 0.001). Active-GO group had significantly higher IL-17 level than inactive-GO and GD groups (P = 0.024 and P = 0.001, respectively). Active-GO and inactive-GO group had significantly lower miR-146a expressions than control (P < 0.05). Active-GO group had significantly lower miR-146a than inactive-GO group (P < 0.05). Serum levels of IL-17 and miR-146a were both significantly correlated with clinical activity score (CAS) in GO patients (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively). There was a significant negative correlation of circulating miR-146a expression with serum IL-17 levels (P < 0.01). These findings indicated that circulating levels of miR-146a and IL-17 may be potential biomarkers of active GO, and may play a key role in the progression of GO. PMID:25100151

Wei, Hongfa; Guan, Meiping; Qin, Yan; Xie, Cuihua; Fu, Xiajun; Gao, Fang; Xue, Yaoming

2014-11-28

89

Analysis of Chord Progression Data Brandt Absolu, Tao Li, and Mitsunori Ogihara  

E-print Network

Analysis of Chord Progression Data Brandt Absolu, Tao Li, and Mitsunori Ogihara Abstract. Harmony is an important component in music. Chord progressions, which represent harmonic changes of music a chord progression can be summarized for music retrieval. Various possibilities for chord progression

Li, Tao

90

Histology Image Classification using Supervised Classification and Multimodal Tao Meng, Lin Lin, Mei-Ling Shyu  

E-print Network

Histology Image Classification using Supervised Classification and Multimodal Fusion Tao Meng, Lin for biomedical images. Among such efforts, histology image classification is one of the most important areas due Subspace Projection Modeling (C- RSPM) supervised classification model for general histology image

Chen, Shu-Ching

91

Turtle Geometry in Computer Graphics and Computer Aided Design Ron Goldman, Scott Schaefer, Tao Ju  

E-print Network

Turtle Geometry in Computer Graphics and Computer Aided Design Ron Goldman, Scott Schaefer, Tao Ju@cs.rice.edu, sschaefe@rice.edu, jutao@cs.rice.edu Abstract: LOGO is a programming language incorporating turtle graphics, relaxation methods and subdivision schemes from elementary notions in turtle geometry and turtle programming

Schaefer, Scott

92

CSC2522 Course Project Michael Tao 6.1 Rendering Wet Sand  

E-print Network

CSC2522 Course Project Michael Tao 6.1 Rendering Wet Sand 6.1.1 Goals The primary goal of this project was to implement a method for rendering sand as a wet porous medium with water flowing into it from within PBRT. The final result was a video of sand being wetted by water particles flowing through

Toronto, University of

93

ProvenanceLens: Service Provenance Management in the Cloud Tao Li1,2,3  

E-print Network

ProvenanceLens: Service Provenance Management in the Cloud Tao Li1,2,3 , Ling Liu3 , Xiaolong Zhang? which services operate on this data? What might be the root cause for the service failure? Most of the organizations today collect and manage their own service provenance in order to trace service execution failures

Liu, Ling

94

TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute  

E-print Network

RESUME TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute PO Box 2533 Abu Dhabi, U.A.E. Phone: (971) 2-607-5587, Email: tzhu@pi.ac.ae EDUCATION Ph.D. 1991 Petroleum Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma M.S. 1986 Petroleum Engineering, University of Alberta

Williams, John M.

95

Web Search Engines: Practice and Experience Tao Yang, University of California at Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

Web Search Engines: Practice and Experience Tao Yang, University of California at Santa Barbara previously accessed URLs. Consequently, the service from a search engine becomes indispensable for users to navigate around the Web in an effective manner. General web search engines provide the most popular way

Yang, Tao

96

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg,ciforero,iang}@cs.uwaterloo.ca ABSTRACT Tor, an anonymity network formed by volunteer nodes, uses the estimated bandwidth of the nodes degrade the network's performance, discourage Tor adoption, and consequently reduce the size of Tor

Goldberg, Ian

97

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg  

E-print Network

Congestion-aware Path Selection for Tor Tao Wang, Kevin Bauer, Clara Forero, and Ian Goldberg,ciforero,iang}@cs.uwaterloo.ca Abstract. Tor, an anonymity network formed by volunteer nodes, uses the estimated bandwidth of the nodes degrade the network's per- formance, discourage Tor adoption, and consequently reduce the size of Tor

Goldberg, Ian

98

The TAOS Project Stellar Variability II. Detection of 15 Variable Stars  

SciTech Connect

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) project has collected more than a billion photometric measurements since 2005 January. These sky survey data - covering timescales from a fraction of a second to a few hundred days - are a useful source to study stellar variability. A total of 167 star fields, mostly along the ecliptic plane, have been selected for photometric monitoring with the TAOS telescopes. This paper presents our initial analysis of a search for periodic variable stars from the time-series TAOS data on one particular TAOS field, No. 151 (RA = 17{sup h} 30{sup m} 6.67{sup s}, Dec = 27 degrees, 17 minutes, 30 seconds, J2000), which had been observed over 47 epochs in 2005. A total of 81 candidate variables are identified in the 3 square degree field, with magnitudes in the range 8 < R < 16. On the basis of the periodicity and shape of the lightcurves, 32 variables, 18 of which were previously unknown, are classified as RR Lyrae, Cepheid, {delta} Scuti, SX Phonencis, semi-regular and eclipsing binaries.

Mondal, S; Lin, C C; Zhang, Z W; Alcock, C; Axelrod, T; Bianco, F B; Byun, Y I; Coehlo, N K; Cook, K H; Dave, R; Kim, D W; King, S K; Lee, T; Lehner, M J; Lin, H C; Marshall, S L; Protopapas, P; Rice, J A; Schwamb, M E; Wang, J H; Wang, S Y; Wen, C Y

2010-01-28

99

Design-for-Testability for Digital Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu and Krishnendu Chakrabarty  

E-print Network

Design-for-Testability for Digital Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu and Krishnendu Chakrabarty-Testing is essential for digital microfluidic biochips that are used for safety-critical applications such as point of recently proposed test techniques for biochips is limited by the fact that current design methods do

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

100

The cultural and ecological impacts of aboriginal tourism: a case study on Taiwan's Tao tribe.  

PubMed

We show that tourism activities severely impact the ecology of Orchid Island, its natural resources, and the culture of the Tao tribe. For example, highway widening, in response to the increased traffic volumes caused by tourism, required many Pandanus trees to be cut and removed, which has placed the coconut crabs in danger of extinction. To promote eco-tourism, observation trips to observe Elegant Scops owls and Birdwing butterflies have taken place, which has affected the breeding of these two protected species. The Elegant Scops owls- and Birdwing butterflies-related tourism activities also break the "evil spirits" taboo of the Tao people and have caused the disappearance of the specifications for using traditional natural resources, causing natural ecosystems to face the threat of excessive use. In addition to promoting and advocating aboriginal tourism of the Tao people on Orchid Island, the Taiwanese government should help the Tao people to develop a management model that combines traditional regulations and tourism activities. PMID:25089246

Liu, Tzu-Ming; Lu, Dau-Jye

2014-01-01

101

Genetic Profiling in Graves' Disease: Further Evidence for Lack of a Distinct Genetic Contribution to Graves' Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Background Graves' disease (GD), including Graves' ophthalmopathy or orbitopathy (GO), is an autoimmune disease with an environmental and genetic component to its etiology. The genetic contribution to the GO clinical phenotype remains unclear. Previous data from our laboratory and others have suggested that GO has no specific genetic component distinct from GD itself, while other reports have occasionally appeared suggesting that polymorphisms in genes such as CTLA4 and IL23R specifically increase the risk for GO. One of the criticisms of all these reports has been the clinical definition of the GO phenotype as distinct from hyperthyroid GD devoid of clinically significant eye involvement. The objective of this study was to take advantage of a phenotypically pure group of GD patients with GO and examine a series of genes associated with GD to determine if any were more definitively associated with GO rather than Graves' thyroid disease itself. Methods To further examine whether specific susceptibility genes are associated with GO, we have performed further genetic association studies using highly characterized GO patients, many of whom had undergone orbital decompression surgery for their exophthalmos. We genotyped HLA, CTLA4, IL23R, and TSHR genes in a group of 256 Caucasian patients with severe GO (n=199) and less severe GO (n=57), and 90 patients with GD but no clinically apparent GO. Results We found that the allele and genotype frequencies were not statistically different between GO and non-GO patients for any of the genes and gene combinations assessed. Conclusions These results provide further evidence that patients with GO do not have a distinct genetic susceptibility to their eye disease and again suggest that environmental and/or epigenetic influences are at play. PMID:22663548

Latif, Rauf; Bahn, Rebecca; Davies, Terry F.

2012-01-01

102

A genomic point mutation in the extracellular domain of the thyrotropin receptor in patients with Graves` ophthalmopathy  

SciTech Connect

Orbital and pretibial fibroblasts are targets of autoimmune attack in Graves` ophthalmopathy (GO) and pretibial dermopathy (PTD). The fibroblast autoantigen involved in these peripheral manifestations of Graves` disease and the reason for the association of GO and PTD with hyperthyroidism are unknown. RNA encoding the full-length extracellular domain of the TSH receptor has been demonstrated in orbital and dermal fibroblasts from patients with GO and normal subjects, suggesting a possible antigenic link between fibroblasts and thyrocytes. RNA was isolated from cultured orbital, pretibial, and abdominal fibroblasts obtained from patients with severe GO (n = 22) and normal subjects (n = 5). RNA was reverse transcribed, and the resulting cDNA was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction, using primers spanning overlapping regions of the entire extracellular domain of the TSH receptor. Nucleotide sequence analysis showed an A for C substitution in the first position of codon 52 in 2 of the patients, both of whom had GO, PTD, and acropachy. Genomic DNA isolated from the 2 affected patients, and not from an additional 12 normal subjects, revealed the codon 52 mutation by direct sequencing and AciI restriction enzyme digestions. In conclusion, the authors have demonstrated the presence of a genomic point mutation, leading to a threonine for proline amino acid shift in the predicted peptide, in the extracellular domain of the TSH receptor in two patients with severe GO, PTD, acropachy, and high thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin levels. RNA encoding this mutant product was demonstrated in the fibroblasts of these patients. They suggest that the TSH receptor may be an important fibroblast autoantigen in GO and PTD, and that this mutant form of the receptor may have unique immunogenic properties. 28 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Bahn, R.S.; Dutton, C.M.; Heufelder, A.E.; Sarkar, G. [Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States)] [Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States); [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, Munich (Germany)

1994-02-01

103

QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION AND EVOLUTION OF NANOSCALE POROSITY Tao Sun, S. Donthu, Arvind Srivastava, Jin Wang, and Vinayak P. Dravid  

E-print Network

18 QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION AND EVOLUTION OF NANOSCALE POROSITY Tao Sun, S. Donthu, Arvind Nanoscale Science & Engineering Center (NUNSEC) Award Number: EEC ­ 0647560 Nanoscale porosity, ranging from catalysis to gas storage to sensing devices. Since porosity represents "missing

Shull, Kenneth R.

104

JNK Pathway Activation Is Controlled by Tao/TAOK3 to Modulate Ethanol Sensitivity  

PubMed Central

Neuronal signal transduction by the JNK MAP kinase pathway is altered by a broad array of stimuli including exposure to the widely abused drug ethanol, but the behavioral relevance and the regulation of JNK signaling is unclear. Here we demonstrate that JNK signaling functions downstream of the Sterile20 kinase family gene tao/Taok3 to regulate the behavioral effects of acute ethanol exposure in both the fruit fly Drosophila and mice. In flies tao is required in neurons to promote sensitivity to the locomotor stimulant effects of acute ethanol exposure and to establish specific brain structures. Reduced expression of key JNK pathway genes substantially rescued the structural and behavioral phenotypes of tao mutants. Decreasing and increasing JNK pathway activity resulted in increased and decreased sensitivity to the locomotor stimulant properties of acute ethanol exposure, respectively. Further, JNK expression in a limited pattern of neurons that included brain regions implicated in ethanol responses was sufficient to restore normal behavior. Mice heterozygous for a disrupted allele of the homologous Taok3 gene (Taok3Gt) were resistant to the acute sedative effects of ethanol. JNK activity was constitutively increased in brains of Taok3Gt/+ mice, and acute induction of phospho-JNK in brain tissue by ethanol was occluded in Taok3Gt/+ mice. Finally, acute administration of a JNK inhibitor conferred resistance to the sedative effects of ethanol in wild-type but not Taok3Gt/+ mice. Taken together, these data support a role of a TAO/TAOK3-JNK neuronal signaling pathway in regulating sensitivity to acute ethanol exposure in flies and in mice. PMID:23227189

Zou, Mimi E.; Lim, Jana P.; Heberlein, Ulrike; Wolf, Fred W.

2012-01-01

105

Tao-Sheng's Commentary on the Saddharmapundar?ka-S?tra: A Study and Translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation provides a comprehensive study and complete translation of Tao-sheng's Commentary on the Saddharmapundar?ka-S?tra (CSPS). This document occupies an important place in Chinese Buddhist literature. Its significance in the study of Chinese Buddhism can be described in two ways. Firstly, the CSPS was the first commentary ever written on the Lotus S?tra, which was to become a scripture of

Young-Ho Kim

1985-01-01

106

Curanderismo in Taos County, New Mexico--a possible case of anthropological romanticism?  

PubMed

Interviews with 25 Spanish-Americans of Taos County, New Mexico, indicate that time and acculturation have greatly eroded the belief in and practice of curanderismo, the traditional folk medical system of the Southwest. Curanderismo in northern New Mexico today has moved from being a primary and important source of medical care to one used alternatively and very occasionally in cases of pediatric disorders, chronic illnesses and pain, and for those maladies still classified according to the traditional folk beliefs. PMID:6666104

Scheper-Hughes, N; Stewart, D

1983-12-01

107

New ferromagnetic La3Co2TaO9 double perovskite: Structural and magnetic properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new double perovskite La3Co2TaO9 has been prepared by a solid-state procedure. The crystal and magnetic structures have been studied from X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data. Rietveld refinements were performed in the monoclinic space group P21\\/n. The structure consists of an ordered array of alternating B'O6 and B\\

V. C. Fuertes; M. C. Blanco; D. G. Franco; J. M. de Paoli; E. V. Pannunzio Miner; R. D. Sánchez; M. T. Fernández-Díaz; R. E. Carbonio

2009-01-01

108

New ferromagnetic La 3Co 2TaO 9 double perovskite: Structural and magnetic properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new double perovskite La3Co2TaO9 has been prepared by a solid-state procedure. The crystal and magnetic structures have been studied from X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron powder diffraction (NPD) data. Rietveld refinements were performed in the monoclinic space group P21\\/n. The structure consists of an ordered array of alternating B?O6 and B?O6 octahedra sharing corners, tilted along the three

V. C. Fuertes; M. C. Blanco; D. G. Franco; J. M. De Paoli; E. V. Pannunzio Miner; R. D. Sánchez; M. T. Fernández-Díaz; R. E. Carbonio

2009-01-01

109

Radionuclide concentrations in soils and produce from Cochiti, Jemez, Taos, and San Ildefonso Pueblo Gardens  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclide ({sup 3}H, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu, and total uranium) concentrations were determined in soils and produce collected from Cochiti, Jemez, Taos, and San Ildefonso Pueblo gardens. All radionuclides in soils from Pueblo areas were within or just above regional statistical (natural and/or worldwide fallout) reference levels. Similarily, the average levels of radionuclides in produce collected from Cochiti, Jemez, Taos, and San Ildefonso Pueblo gardens were not significantly different in produce collected from regional (background) locations. The effective (radiation) dose equivalent from consuming 352 lb of produce from Cochiti, Jemez, Taos, and San Ildefonso, after natural background has been subtracted, was 0.036 ({+-}0.016), 0.072 ({+-}0.051), 0.012 ({+-}0.027), and 0.110 ({+-}0.102) mrem/yr, respectively. The highest calculated dose, based on the mean + 2 std dev (95% confidence level), was 0.314 mrem/yr; this was <0.4% of the International Commission on Radiological Protection permissible dose limit for protecting members of the public.

Fresquez, P.R.; Armstrong, D.R.; Salazar, J.G.

1995-05-01

110

The epidemiologic characteristics and clinical course of ophthalmopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease in Olmsted County, Minnesota.  

PubMed

Among incident cases of GO in Olmsted County, Minnesota: GO affected females six times more frequently than males (86% versus 14% of cases, respectively). The age-adjusted incidence rate was 16 cases per 100,000 population per year for females and 2.9 cases per 100,000 population for males. The peak incidence rates were bimodal, occurring in the age groups 40 to 44 years and 60 to 64 years in females and 45 to 49 years and 65 to 69 years in males. Among patients with GO, approximately 90% had Graves' hyperthyroidism, 1% had primary hypothyroidism, 3% had Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and 5% were euthyroid. Eyelid retraction was the most common ophthalmic feature of autoimmune thyroid disease, being present either unilaterally or bilaterally in more than 90% of patients at some point in their clinical course. Exophthalmos of one or both eyes affected approximately 60% of patients, restrictive extraocular myopathy was apparent in about 40% of patients, and optic nerve dysfunction occurred in either one or both eyes in 6% of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease. Only 5% of patients had the complete constellation of classic findings: eyelid retraction, exophthalmos, optic nerve dysfunction, extraocular muscle involvement, and hyperthyroidism. Upper eyelid retraction, either unilateral or bilateral, was documented in approximately 75% of patients at the time of diagnosis of GO. Lid lag also was a frequent early sign, being present either unilaterally or bilaterally in 50% of patients at the initial examination. At the time of diagnosis of GO, the most frequent ocular symptom was pain or discomfort, which affected 30% of patients. Some degree of diplopia was noted by approximately 17% of patients, lacrimation or photophobia was present in about 15% to 20% of patients, and 7.5% of patients complained of blurred vision. Decreased vision attributable to optic neuropathy was present in less than 2% of eyes at the time of diagnosis of GO. Thyroid dermopathy and acropachy accompanied GO in approximately 4% and 1% of patients, respectively. Myasthenia gravis occurred in less than 1% of patients. Superior limbic keratoconjunctivitis was documented in less than 4% of patients. The median age at the time of diagnosis of GO was 43 years (range, 8 to 88). Among patients with hyperthyroidism, 61% developed ophthalmopathy within 1 year of the onset of thyrotoxicosis. Symptoms and signs for which statistically significant changes occurred between the initial and final examinations included lacrimation, pain or ocular discomfort, photophobia, eyelid retraction, lid lag, eyelid fullness, conjunctival injection, chemosis, and exophthalmos.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:7886878

Bartley, G B

1994-01-01

111

Multi-finger flexible graphene field effect transistors with high bendability Jongho Lee, Li Tao, Kristen N. Parrish, Yufeng Hao, Rodney S. Ruoff et al.  

E-print Network

Multi-finger flexible graphene field effect transistors with high bendability Jongho Lee, Li Tao metal­oxide­semiconductor compatible athermal silicon nitride/titanium dioxide hybrid micro- ring-finger flexible graphene field effect transistors with high bendability Jongho Lee,1 Li Tao,1 Kristen N. Parrish,1

112

An egalitarian network model for the emergence of simple and complex cells in visual cortex Louis Tao, Michael Shelley, David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley  

E-print Network

Tao, Michael Shelley, David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley doi:10.1073/pnas.2036460100 2004 cortex Louis Tao*, Michael Shelley , David McLaughlin, and Robert Shapley Courant Institute Science, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 Contributed by David McLaughlin

McLaughlin, David

113

Electrode-material dependent switching in TaO x memristors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied the effect of top electrode materials on the switching behavior of TaO x based memristors with an identical switching oxide layer and bottom electrode stack. We found that the virgin resistance, electroforming and switching performance depend heavily on the chemical property of the top electrode materials. In addition, the electrical properties of metal oxides formed with the top electrodes also contribute to the overall memristor performance, including the nonlinearity of the current–voltage relationship. These results provide insights into understanding of memristor behavior as well as approaches for device property engineering.

Ge, Ning; Zhang, M.-X.; Zhang, Lu; Yang, J. Joshua; Li, Zhiyong; Williams, R. Stanley

2014-10-01

114

Search for small trans-Neptunian objects by the TAOS project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) aims to conduct a census of small icy bodies in the outer reach of the Solar System, by means of stellar occultation. An array of 4 small (aperture 0.5 m), wide-field (f/1.9) telescopes have been installed at Lulin Observatory in Taiwan to monitor some one thousand stars simultaneously for such rare occultation events. The occurrence rate of the events would provide constraints on the number and space distribution of the Kuiper-belt Objects (KBOs). As the building blocks of planets and moons, KBOs preserve the formation and early dynamical evolution history of the Solar System. The TAOS project is a collaboration of institutions in Taiwan (Academia Sinica and NCU), the USA (U. Pennsylvannia, Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, NASA/Ames, UC-Berkeley), and Korea (Yonsei U.) Because a typical occultation event by a KBO is expected to last for only a fraction of a second, fast photometry is necessary. A true occultation event is considered securely detected if the flux drop is seen in all telescopes. Photometry of a thousand stars, for which the data should be processed, analyzed, and correlated among all telescopes in real time, is a daunting task. Routine observations began in early 2005 and so far a few billion photometric measurements have been collected. Even though no KBO occultation event has been detected, a few certain models on the population of the KBOs can be ruled out already. We will present our special data acquisition and analysis schemes and our statistical results. A few test cases will be shown for which the TAOS system was used to detect stellar occultation events by known asteroids. In addition to the KBO science, the huge TAOS database, ~ some 100 GB per night, would be valuable in other, e.g., stellar variability, studies. Our robotic telescope systems are also responding to gamma-ray bursts. We will present a few examples of variable stars observed by

Chen, W. P.; Alcock, C.; Axelrod, T.; Bianco, F. B.; Byun, Y. I.; Chang, Y. H.; Cook, K. H.; Dave, R.; Giammarco, J.; Kim, D. W.; King, S. K.; Lee, T.; Lehner, M.; Lin, C. C.; Lin, H. C.; Lissauer, J. J.; Marshall, S.; Meinshausen, N.; Mondal, S.; de Pater, I.; Porrata, R.; Rice, J.; Schwamb, M. E.; Wang, A.; Wang, S. Y.; Wen, C. Y.; Zhang, Z. W.

2007-05-01

115

Report on the Taos round table: Oil and money in the next decade  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the content of the conference held May 8--10, 1992 in Taos, Mexico. The conference explored the topic ``what is required from the world oil and gas community and what does it cost?`` The topics included areas of growth potential, changing demand patterns for refined product, and cost of pollution regulations. The conference then explored the requirements from the oil exploration and production sector, the requirements from the financial community and the priorities which should be set, and finally what strategy should be developed for survival growth and profitability in the next decade.

NONE

1992-12-31

116

Paleomagnetism and tectonic interpretations of the Taos Plateau volcanic field, Rio Grande rift, New Mexico  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The tectonic response of the Taos Plateau volcanic field in the southern San Luis basin to late stage extensional environment of the Rio Grande rift was investigate using paleomagnetic techniques. Sixty-two sites (533 samples) of Pliocene volcanic units were collected covering four major rock types with ages of 4.7 to 1.8 Ma. Twenty-two of these sites were from stratigraphic sections of the lower, middle and upper Servilleta Basalt collected in the Rio Grande gorge at two locations 19 km apart. Flows from the lower and middle members in the southern gorge record reversed polarities, while those in Garapata Canyon are normal with an excursion event in the middle of the sequence. The uppermost flows of the upper member at both sites display normal directions. Although these sections correlate chemically, they seem to represent different magnetic time periods during the Gilbert Reversed-Polarity Chron. The data suggest the Taos Plateau volcanic field, showing no rotation and some flattening in the south and east, has acted as a stable buttress and has been downwarped by overriding of the southeastern end of the plateau by the Picuris Mountains, which make up the northern corner of the counter-clockwise rotating Espanola block.

Brown, Laurie L.; Caffall, Nancy M.; Golombek, Matthew P.

1993-01-01

117

Bridging East and West--Or, a Bridge Too Far? Paulo Freire and the "Tao Te Ching"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers key differences and similarities between Freirean and Taoist ideals. I limit my focus to the "Tao Te Ching" (attributed to Lao Tzu), paying brief attention to the origins of this classic work of Chinese philosophy before concentrating on several themes of relevance to Freire's work. An essay by James Fraser (1997), who makes…

Roberts, Peter

2012-01-01

118

TAO, Vol. 10, No. 4, 719-736, December 1999 Development of an Integrated Earthquake Early Warning System in  

E-print Network

, Los Angeles, CA, USA ABSTRACT In order to explore the feasibility of an earthquake early warning sysTAO, Vol. 10, No. 4, 719-736, December 1999 Development of an Integrated Earthquake Early Warning System in Taiwan Case for the Hualien Area Earthquakes Yih-Min Wu 1 , Jen-Kuang Chung 1 , Tzay-Chyn Shin

Wu, Yih-Min

119

Arabidopsis TAO1 is a TIR-NB-LRR protein that contributes to disease resistance induced by  

E-print Network

, it localizes to the plasma membrane and triggers immunity mediated by the Arabidopsis coiled-coil (CC. In rpm1 plants, TAO1 function results in the expression of the pathogenesis- related protein 1 (PR-1 undergo N-terminal myris- toylation that facilitates association with the plant plasma mem- brane (4). H

Dangl, Jeff

120

Offloading Mobile Traffic via Green Content Broker Tao Han, Student Member, IEEE, and Nirwan Ansari, Fellow, IEEE  

E-print Network

Offloading Mobile Traffic via Green Content Broker Tao Han, Student Member, IEEE, and Nirwan Ansari, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A continuous surge of mobile data traffic not only congests mobile networks but also results in a dramatic increase in the energy consumption of mobile networks. Device-to-device (D2D

Ansari, Nirwan

121

Cation exchange in a 3D perovskite-synthesis of Ni(0.5)TaO?.  

PubMed

Reaction of NiCl2 with NaTaO3 leads the formation of the perovskite phase Ni(0.5)TaO3, via a topochemical nickel-for-sodium cation exchange in which the framework of apex-linked TaO6 octahedra present in the parent phase is retained. Neutron powder diffraction data indicate Ni(0.5)TaO3 adopts a structure analogous to the paraelectric phase of LiTaO3, with triclinic P1 crystallographic symmetry. Although Ni(0.5)TaO3 has features which make it a good candidate phase for magnetoelectric multiferroic behavior, the phase remains paramagnetic in the temperature range 15 < T (K) < 300, and detailed crystallographic characterization and analysis of SHG activity indicate it retains a centrosymmetric structure down to the lowest temperatures measured (5 K). Topochemical cation exchange reactions of 3D perovskite oxides offer the opportunity to prepare a wide range of novel metastable phases in a rational manner with a high degree of synthetic control. PMID:25050865

Amano Patino, Midori; Smith, Thomas; Zhang, Weiguo; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Hayward, Michael A

2014-08-01

122

Building and operating the Automated Telescope Array for the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) is a program dedicated to performing a survey of small objects (<10 km) in the trans-Neptunian Region of the Solar System by detecting the occultations of bright stars by these objects. To carry this out, we have developed an automated observatory, based on an array of four small, (50 cm), telescopes, each equipped with a 2048x2048 pixel CCD camera. The telescopes will operate in tandem fashion, coupled to a real-time analysis pipeline designed to monitor ˜ 2000 stars simultaneously at ˜ 5 Hz. This system is partially installed at a site in the central highlands of Taiwan. An overview of the system components, software architecture, and some of the challenges encountered will be presented. This project is supported by DOE (at LLNL), NASA (at UPenn), Academia Sinica (at ASIAA), NSC (at NCU), and KRF (at Yonsei).

Marshall, S.; Cook, K.; Porrata, R.; Alcock, C.; Dave, R.; Giammarco, J.; Lehner, M.; Chen, W.-P.; Lee, T.; King, S.-K.; Wang, A.; Wang, S.-Y.; Wen, C.-Y.; Byun, Y.-I.; de Pater, I.; Liang, C.; Rice, J.; Lissauer, J.

2003-05-01

123

Stop codon in the procollagen II gene (COL2A1) in a family with the Stickler syndrome (arthro-ophthalmopathy)  

SciTech Connect

Linkage analysis with restriction fragment length polymorphisms for the gene for type II procollagen (COL2A1) was carried out in a family with the Stickler syndrome, or arthro-ophthalmopathy, an autosomal dominant disorder that affects the eyes, ears, joints, and skeleton. The analysis demonstrated linkage of the disease and COL2A1 with a logarithm-of-odds score of 1.51 at zero recombination. A newly developed procedure for preparing cosmid clones was employed to isolate the allele for type II procollagen that was linked to the disease. Analysis of over 7000 nucleotides of the gene revealed a single base mutation that altered a CG dinucleotide and converted the codon CGA for arginine at amino acid position {alpha}1-732 to TGA, a stop codon. From previous work on procollagen biosynthesis, it is apparent that the truncated polypeptide synthesized from an allele with a stop codon at {alpha}1-732 cannot participate in the assembly of type II procollagen, and therefore that the mutation would decrease synthesis of type II procollagen. It was not apparent, however, why the mutation produced marked changes in the eye, which contains only small amounts of type II collagen, but relatively mild effects on the many cartilaginous structures of the body that are rich in the same protein.

Ahmad, N.N.; Ala-Kokko, L.; Knowlton, R.G.; Jimenez, S.A.; Weaver, E.J.; Prockop, D.J. (Thomas Jefferson Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)); Maguire, J.I.; Tasman, W. (Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (United States))

1991-08-01

124

A patient with branch retinal vein occlusion accompanied by superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis due to severe superior ophthalmic vein enlargement in a patient with graves ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

We report a patient with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) accompanied by superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) thrombosis resulting from severe SOV enlargement in a patient with Graves ophthalmopathy (GO). A 78-year-old woman diagnosed with BRVO presented with reduced vision. She had a more than 20-year history of unilateral GO. Fluorescein angiography and spectralis optical coherence tomography revealed BRVO with cystoid macular edema. Approximately 5 months later, she complained of advanced left proptosis. A computed tomography scan at that time revealed dilated SOV with high internal attenuation due to SOV thrombosis of the left orbit. Because of the uncertain onset of SOV thrombosis and minimal signs of acute orbital congestion, we prescribed prophylactic daily aspirin to improve blood flow rather than a heparin-based treatment. In addition, she was treated with lubricants for exposure keratopathy and a dorzolamide/timolol eyedrops to prevent increases in intraocular pressure. This is the first clinical report of BRVO accompanied by SOV thrombosis due to SOV enlargement in chronic severe GO. It should be recognized that SOV thrombosis can lead to an increase in proptosis even in chronic GO. PMID:24978681

Park, Han Seok; Gye, Hyo Jeong; Kim, Joon Mo; Lee, Young Ji

2014-07-01

125

Evidence for an association between TSH and IGF-1 receptors  

PubMed Central

TSH receptor (TSHR) plays a central role in regulating thyroid function and is targeted by IgGs in Graves’ disease (GD-IgG). Whether TSHR is involved in the pathogenesis of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy, the orbital manifestation of GD, remains uncertain. TSHR signaling overlaps with that of insulin-like grow factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R). GD-IgG can activate fibroblasts derived from donors with GD to synthesize T cell chemoattractants and hyaluronan, actions mediated through IGF-1R. Here we compare levels of IGF-1R and TSHR on the surfaces of TAO and control orbital fibroblasts and thyrocytes and explore the physical and functional relationship between the two receptors. TSHR levels are 11-fold higher on thyrocytes than on TAO or control fibroblasts. In contrast, IGF-1R levels are 3-fold higher on TAO vs control fibroblasts. In pull-down studies using fibroblasts, thyrocytes and thyroid tissue, Abs directed specifically against either IGF-1R? or TSHR bring both proteins out of solution. Moreover, IGF-1R? and TSHR co-localize to the perinuclear and cytoplasmic compartments in fibroblasts and thyrocytes by confocal microscopy. Examination of orbital tissue from patients with TAO reveals similar co-localization to cell membranes. Treatment of primary thyrocytes with rhTSH results in rapid Erk phosphorylation which can be blocked by an IGF-1R-blocking monoclonal antibody. Our findings suggest that IGF-1R might mediate some TSH-provoked signaling. Further, they indicate that TSHR levels on orbital fibroblasts are considerably lower than those on thyrocytes and that this receptor associates with IGF-1R in situ and together may comprise a functional complex in thyroid and orbital tissue. PMID:18768899

Tsui, Shanli; Naik, Vibha; Hoa, Neil; Hwang, Catherine J.; Afifyan, Nikoo F.; Hikim, Amiya Sinha; Gianoukakis, Andrew G.; Douglas, Raymond S.; Smith, Terry J.

2008-01-01

126

Geologic map of the Sunshine 7.5' quadrangle, Taos County, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Sunshine 7.5' quadrangle is located in the south-central part of the San Luis Basin of northern New Mexico, in the Rio Grande del Norte National Monument, and contains deposits that record volcanic, tectonic, and associated alluvial and colluvial processes over the past four million years. Sunshine Valley, named for the small locale of Sunshine, is incised by a series of northeast-trending drainages cut into Tertiary and Quaternary alluvial deposits forming an extensive alluvial apron between the east flank of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the Rio Grande. These deposits predominantly overlie gently eastward-dipping lava flows of Pliocene Servilleta Basalt erupted from centers west of the map area. Servilleta Basalt lava flows terminate to the south against the elevated topography of three volcanic centers of the Taos Plateau volcanic field. From west to east these are Cerro de la Olla, Cerro Chiflo, and Guadalupe Mountain that are exposed in the southern part of the map area. Remnants of Miocene volcanic rocks are exposed near the southwestern edge of the map area and record evidence of an eroded volcanic terrain underlying deposits of the Taos Plateau volcanic field. These deposits are likely fault bounded to the east, roughly coincident with north to northwest trending, down-to-east faults in the southwestern quarter of the map area. The down-to-east normal faults reflect the basinward migration of the western margin of the Sunshine Valley sub-basin of the southern San Luis Basin. Pliocene and younger basin deposition was accommodated along predominantly north-trending fault-bounded grabens and is preserved as poorly exposed fault scarps that cut lava flows of Ute Mountain volcano, north of the map area. The Servilleta Basalt and younger surficial deposits record largely down-to-east basinward displacement. Faults are identified with varying confidence levels in the map area. Recognizing and mapping faults developed near the surface in relatively young, brittle volcanic rocks is difficult because: (1) they tend to form fractured zones tens of meters wide rather than discrete fault planes, (2) the relative youth of the deposits has resulted in only modest displacements on most faults, and (3) some of the faults may have significant strike-slip components that do not result in large vertical offsets that are readily apparent in offset of sub-horizontal contacts. Those faults characterized as “certain” either have distinct offset of map units or had slip planes that were directly observed in the field. Lineaments defined from magnetic anomalies form an additional constraint on potential fault locations.

Thompson, Ren A.; Turner, Kenzie J.; Shroba, Ralph R.; Cosca, Michael A.; Ruleman, Chester A.; Lee, John P.; Brandt, Theodore R.

2014-01-01

127

ANIR: Atacama near-infrared camera for the 1.0 m miniTAO telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed a near-infrared camera called ANIR (Atacama Near-InfraRed camera) for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory 1.0 m telescope (miniTAO) installed at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor (5640 m above sea level) in the north of Chile. The camera provides a field of view of 5{^'.}1 × 5{^'.}1 with a spatial resolution of 0{^''.}298 pixel-1 in the wavelength range of 0.95 to 2.4 ?m, using Offner relay optics and a PACE HAWAII-2 focal plane array. Taking advantage of the dry site, the camera is capable of narrow-band imaging observations at the hydrogen Paschen-? (Pa?, ? = 1.8751 ?m in air) wavelength ground-based observations of which have been quite difficult due to deep atmospheric absorption, mainly from water vapor. We have been successfully obtaining Pa? images of Galactic objects and nearby galaxies since the first-light observation in 2009 with ANIR. The throughputs at the narrow-band filters (N1875, N191) including the atmospheric absorption show larger dispersion (˜ 10%) than those at broad-band filters (a few percent), indicating that they are affected by temporal fluctuations in precipitable water vapor (PWV) above the site. We evaluate the PWV content via the atmospheric transmittance at the narrow-band filters, and deduce that the median and the dispersion of the distribution of the PWV are 0.40 ± 0.30 and 0.37 ± 0.21 mm, for the N1875 and N191 data respectively, which are remarkably smaller (49% ± 38% for N1875 and 59% ± 26% for N191) than radiometry measurements at the base of Cerro Chajnantor (an altitude of 5100 m). The decrease in PWV can be explained by the altitude of the site when we assume that the vertical distribution of the water vapor is approximated at an exponential profile with scale heights within 0.3-1.9 km (previously observed values at night). We thus conclude that miniTAO/ANIR at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor indeed provides us an excellent capability for a ground-based Pa? observation.

Konishi, Masahiro; Motohara, Kentaro; Tateuchi, Ken; Takahashi, Hidenori; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kato, Natsuko; Sako, Shigeyuki; Uchimoto, Yuka K.; Toshikawa, Koji; Ohsawa, Ryou; Yamamuro, Tomoyasu; Asano, Kentaro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Komugi, Shinya; Koshida, Shintaro; Manabe, Sho; Matsunaga, Noriyuki; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Nakashima, Asami; Takagi, Toshinobu; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Aoki, Tsutomu; Doi, Mamoru; Handa, Toshihiro; Kato, Daisuke; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Miyata, Takashi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Okada, Kazushi; Soyano, Takao; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2015-01-01

128

Characterization of Thermophilic Halotolerant Aeribacillus pallidus TD1 from Tao Dam Hot Spring, Thailand  

PubMed Central

The bacterial strain TD1 was isolated from Tao Dam hot spring in Thailand. Strain TD1 was Gram positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, motile, and endospore forming. The cell was 2.0–40 ?m in length and about 0.4 ?m in diameter. The optimum growth occurred at 55–60 °C and at pH 7–8. Strain TD1 was able to grow on medium containing up to 10% NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 38.9 mol%. The cellular fatty acid content was mainly C16:0, which comprised 25.04% of the total amount of cellular fatty acid. 16S rDNA showed 99% identity to Aeribacillus pallidus DSM 3670T. Bayesian tree analysis strongly supported the idea that strain TD1 is affiliated with genus Aeribacillus, as Aeribacillus pallidus strain TD1. Although the 16S rDNA of A. pallidus strain TD1 is similar to that of A. pallidus DSM 3670T, some physiological properties and the cellular fatty acid profiles differ significantly. A. pallidus strain TD1 can produce extracellular pectate lyase, which has not been reported elsewhere for other bacterial strains in the genus Aeribacillus. A. pallidus strain TD1 may be a good candidate as a pectate lyase producer, which may have useful industrial applications. PMID:21954359

Yasawong, Montri; Areekit, Supatra; Pakpitchareon, Arda; Santiwatanakul, Somchai; Chansiri, Kosum

2011-01-01

129

Census of the Kuiper-Belt Objects - the Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than two hundred transneptunian Kuiper-Belt Objects (KBOs) have so far been identified. Because of their large distances from the Sun, and their intrinsically small sizes, only the largest members (diameters more than 100 km) can be observed by direct imaging with large telescopes. Even smaller KBOs, though expected to be more numerous on theoretical grounds, cannot be seen directly unless they happen to block out the light from background stars. The Taiwan-America Occultation Survey (TAOS) project is a collaboration among the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (USA), Academia Sinica, National Central University (both of Taiwan), and other institutes, that aims to measure the frequency of such chance stellar occultations, and thereby conduct the census of the Kuiper-Belt population down to a few kilometer sizes. An array of robotic telescopes are being set up in central Taiwan to monitor the brightness variation of several thousand stars at a rate of a few Hz. Observations will be operated in a synchronized and coincidence mode, so the sequence and timing of any candidate occultation event can be recorded and distinguished against a false detection. The full survey is expected to start in the fall of 2000.

Chen, W. P.

130

ANIR : Atacama Near-Infrared Camera for the 1.0-m miniTAO Telescope  

E-print Network

We have developed a near-infrared camera called ANIR (Atacama Near-InfraRed camera) for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory 1.0m telescope (miniTAO) installed at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor (5640 m above sea level) in northern Chile. The camera provides a field of view of 5'.1 $\\times$ 5'.1 with a spatial resolution of 0".298 /pixel in the wavelength range of 0.95 to 2.4 $\\mu$m. Taking advantage of the dry site, the camera is capable of hydrogen Paschen-$\\alpha$ (Pa$\\alpha$, $\\lambda=$1.8751 $\\mu$m in air) narrow-band imaging observations, at which wavelength ground-based observations have been quite difficult due to deep atmospheric absorption mainly from water vapor. We have been successfully obtaining Pa$\\alpha$ images of Galactic objects and nearby galaxies since the first-light observation in 2009 with ANIR. The throughputs at the narrow-band filters ($N1875$, $N191$) including the atmospheric absorption show larger dispersion (~10%) than those at broad-band filters (a few %), indicating that ...

Konishi, Masahiro; Tateuchi, Ken; Takahashi, Hidenori; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kato, Natsuko; Sako, Shigeyuki; Uchimoto, Yuka K; Toshikawa, Koji; Ohsawa, Ryou; Yamamuro, Tomoyasu; Asano, Kentaro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Komugi, Shinya; Koshida, Shintaro; Manabe, Sho; Matsunaga, Noriyuki; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Nakashima, Asami; Takagi, Toshinobu; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Aoki, Tsutomu; Doi, Mamoru; Handa, Toshihiro; Kato, Daisuke; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Miyata, Takashi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Okada, Kazushi; Soyano, Takao; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2015-01-01

131

LG based decision aid for naval tactical action officer's (TAO) workstation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the increasingly NetCentric battlespace of the 21st century, Stilman Advanced Strategies Linguistic Geometry software has the potential to revolutionize the way that the Navy fights in two key areas: as a Tactical Decision Aid and for creating a relevant Common Operating Picture. Incorporating STILMAN's software into a prototype Tactical Action Officers (TAO) workstation as a Tactical Decision Aid (TDA) will allow warfighters to manage their assets more intelligently and effectively. This prototype workstation will be developed using human-centered design principles and will be an open, component-based architecture for combat control systems for future small surface combatants. It will integrate both uninhabited vehicles and onboard sensors and weapon systems across a squadron of small surface combatants. In addition, the hypergame representation of complex operations provides a paradigm for the presentation of a common operating picture to operators and personnel throughout the command hierarchy. In the hypergame technology there are game levels that span the range from the tactical to the global strategy level, with each level informing the others. This same principle will be applied to presenting the relevant common operating picture to operators. Each operator will receive a common operating picture that is appropriate for their level in the command hierarchy. The area covered by this operating picture and the level of detail contained within it will be dependent upon the specific tasks the operator is performing (supervisory vice tactical control) and the level of the operator (or command personnel) within the command hierarchy. Each level will inform the others to keep the picture concurrent and up-to-date.

Stilman, Boris; Yakhnis, Vladimir; Umanskiy, Oleg; Boyd, Ron

2005-05-01

132

Mid-infrared Monitoring Observations of Circumstellar Disks with TAO/MIMIZUKU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mid-infrared variabilities of dust continuum and features in time scale of days to years have been found in circumstellar disks around YSOs and debris disks by multi-epoch studies with recent space missions such as AKARI, WISE, Spitzer, and Herschel (e.g., Dahm+09, Espaillat+11, Flaherty+12, Melis+12). However, physical mechanisms leading to the rapid MIR variabilities are still unclear because of sparse data sampling. More frequent and long-term observations with ground-based MIR instruments are required. Meanwhile, fast fluctuation of atmospheric water vapor affects photometric accuracy in the MIR observations from the ground. In order to monitor the variabilities of a few percent level as detected by the space telescopes, improvements of observation methods are needed. We have been developing a new MIR instrument MIMIZUKU (Kamizuka+12, Miyata+10) mounted on 6.5-m TAO telescope (Yoshii+10), which will be constructed at a 5,640-m altitude site in Atacama, Chile, and 8.2-m Subaru telescope in Hawaii. The MIMIZUKU has unique equipment called Field Stacker which enables simultaneous observations of target and reference objects owing to focusing two separated field-of-views on a same detector. The simultaneity improves the photometric accuracy and realizes stable long-term monitoring. We will carry out MIR monitoring observations of dust emission from the circumstellar disks and the debris disks with the imaging and low-resolution spectroscopic modes of the MIMIZUKU. The time-variable emissions from the YSOs could allow us to reveal formation and destruction mechanism of dust grains in the inner disk region. In observations of debris disks, fresh dust formed by large collisions in a planetary disk is expected to be detected.

Sako, Shigeyuki; Miyata, Takashi; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Asano, Kentaro; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Okada, Kazushi; Onaka, Takashi; Sakon, Itsuki; Kataza, Hirokazu; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2013-07-01

133

Upper Limits on the Number of Small Bodies in Sedna-Like Orbits by the TAOS Project  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a search for occultation events by objects at distances between 100 and 1000 AU in lightcurves from the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS). We searched for consecutive, shallow flux reductions in the stellar lightcurves obtained by our survey between 7 February 2005 and 31 December 2006 with a total of {approx} 4.5 x 10{sup 9} three-telescope simultaneous photometric measurements. No events were detected, allowing us to set upper limits on the number density as a function of size and distance of objects in Sedna-like orbits, using simple models.

Wang, J; Lehner, M J; Zhang, Z; Bianco, F B; Alcock, C; Chen, W; Axelrod, T; Byun, Y; Coehlo, N K; Cook, K H; Dave, R; de Pater, L; Porrata, R; Kim, D; King, S; Lee, T; Lin, H; Lissauer, J J; Marshall, S L; Protopapas, P; Rice, J A; Schwamb, M E; Wang, S; Wen, C

2009-11-13

134

Activity-Induced Protocadherin Arcadlin Regulates Dendritic Spine Number by Triggering N-Cadherin Endocytosis via TAO2? and p38 MAP Kinases  

PubMed Central

Summary Synaptic activity induces changes in the number of dendritic spines. Here, we report a pathway of regulated endocytosis triggered by arcadlin, a protocadherin induced by electroconvulsive and other excitatory stimuli in hippocampal neurons. The homophilic binding of extracellular arcadlin domains activates TAO2?, a splice variant of the thousand and one amino acid protein kinase 2, cloned here by virtue of its binding to the arcadlin intracellular domain. TAO2? is a MAPKKK that activates the MEK3 MAPKK, which phosphorylates the p38 MAPK. Activation of p38 feeds-back on TAO2?, phosphorylating a key serine required for triggering endocytosis of N-cadherin at the synapse. Arcadlin knockout increases the number of dendritic spines, and the phenotype is rescued by siRNA knockdown of N-cadherin. This pathway of regulated endocytosis of N-cadherin via protocadherin/TAO2?/MEK3/p38 provides a molecular mechanism for transducing neuronal activity into changes in synaptic morphologies. PMID:17988630

Yasuda, Shin; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Sugiura, Hiroko; Okamura, Ko; Sakaguchi, Taiki; Tran, Uyen; Takemiya, Takako; Mizoguchi, Akira; Yagita, Yoshiki; Sakurai, Takeshi; De Robertis, E.M.; Yamagata, Kanato

2008-01-01

135

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water by Adsorptive Media - U.S. EPA Demonstration Project at Taos, NM, Final Performance Evaluation Report  

EPA Science Inventory

This report documents the activities performed and the results obtained for the EPA arsenic removal technology demonstration project at the Town of Taos in New Mexico. The main objective of the project was to evaluate the effectiveness of Severn Trent Services? (STS) SORB 33? ad...

136

Vanadium-based Ohmic contacts to n-AlGaN in the entire alloy composition Ryan France, Tao Xu, Papo Chen, R. Chandrasekaran, and T. D. Moustakasa  

E-print Network

Vanadium-based Ohmic contacts to n-AlGaN in the entire alloy composition Ryan France, Tao Xu, Papo for films from 95%­100% AlN mole fraction. These results were accounted for by hypothesizing that vanadium, upon annealing, interacts with the nitride film and forms vanadium nitride, which is consistent

137

Mining Test Oracles of Web Search Engines Wujie Zheng1, Hao Ma2, Michael Lyu1, Tao Xie3, and Irwin King1,4  

E-print Network

Mining Test Oracles of Web Search Engines Wujie Zheng1, Hao Ma2, Michael Lyu1, Tao Xie3, and Irwin search results? Related Work · Multiple implementation testing: search engines often disagree with each oracles from multiple search engines' information Our Approach · Mapping queries and search results

Xie, Tao

138

Equalization for Multi-scale Multi-lag OFDM Zijian Tang , Rob Remis, Tao Xu, Geert Leus and Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad  

E-print Network

Equalization for Multi-scale Multi-lag OFDM Channels Zijian Tang , Rob Remis, Tao Xu, Geert Leus and Magnus Lundberg Nordenvaad TNO, P.O. Box 96864, 2509 JG the Hague, the Netherlands Email: zijian.tang@tno.nl Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, the Netherlands Email: {z.tang, r.f.remis, t

Leus, Geert

139

On-the-Fly Pipeline Parallelism I-Ting Angelina Lee* Charles E. Leiserson* Tao B. Schardl* Jim Sukha Zhunping Zhang*  

E-print Network

On-the-Fly Pipeline Parallelism I-Ting Angelina Lee* Charles E. Leiserson* Tao B. Schardl* Jim Pipeline parallelism organizes a parallel program as a linear se- quence of s stages. Each stage processes element before the subsequent stages have nec- essarily completed their processing. Pipeline parallelism

Leiserson, Charles E.

140

Sub-50 nm scratch-proof DLC molds for reversal nanoimprint lithography L. Tao, C. T. Nelson, K. Trivedi, S. Ramachandran, M. Goeckner, L. Overzet, and Walter Hua)  

E-print Network

Sub-50 nm scratch-proof DLC molds for reversal nanoimprint lithography L. Tao, C. T. Nelson, K of the industry is related to the mold life time that significantly affects cost of ownership and manufacturing reproducibility. Nowadays, most often used Si or glass molds that are very expensive can be damaged after certain

Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

141

A Robust Parity Test for Extracting Parallel Vectors in 3D Tao Ju, Minxin Cheng, Xu Wang, and Ye Duan, Member, IEEE  

E-print Network

A Robust Parity Test for Extracting Parallel Vectors in 3D Tao Ju, Minxin Cheng, Xu Wang, and Ye, are commonly used to represent curvilinear features in 3D for data visualization. Methods for extracting PV usually operate on a 3D grid and start with detecting seed points on a cell face. We propose, to the best

Ju, Tao

142

Automated classification of single airborne particles from two-dimensional angle-resolved optical scattering (TAOS) patterns by non-linear filtering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurement of two-dimensional angle-resolved optical scattering (TAOS) patterns is an attractive technique for detecting and characterizing micron-sized airborne particles. In general, the interpretation of these patterns and the retrieval of the particle refractive index, shape or size alone, are difficult problems. By reformulating the problem in statistical learning terms, a solution is proposed herewith: rather than identifying airborne particles from their scattering patterns, TAOS patterns themselves are classified through a learning machine, where feature extraction interacts with multivariate statistical analysis. Feature extraction relies on spectrum enhancement, which includes the discrete cosine FOURIER transform and non-linear operations. Multivariate statistical analysis includes computation of the principal components and supervised training, based on the maximization of a suitable figure of merit. All algorithms have been combined together to analyze TAOS patterns, organize feature vectors, design classification experiments, carry out supervised training, assign unknown patterns to classes, and fuse information from different training and recognition experiments. The algorithms have been tested on a data set with more than 3000 TAOS patterns. The parameters that control the algorithms at different stages have been allowed to vary within suitable bounds and are optimized to some extent. Classification has been targeted at discriminating aerosolized Bacillus subtilis particles, a simulant of anthrax, from atmospheric aerosol particles and interfering particles, like diesel soot. By assuming that all training and recognition patterns come from the respective reference materials only, the most satisfactory classification result corresponds to 20% false negatives from B. subtilis particles and <11% false positives from all other aerosol particles. The most effective operations have consisted of thresholding TAOS patterns in order to reject defective ones, and forming training sets from three or four pattern classes. The presented automated classification method may be adapted into a real-time operation technique, capable of detecting and characterizing micron-sized airborne particles.

Crosta, Giovanni Franco; Pan, Yong-Le; Aptowicz, Kevin B.; Casati, Caterina; Pinnick, Ronald G.; Chang, Richard K.; Videen, Gorden W.

2013-12-01

143

Phase relationships in the BaO-Ga2O3-Ta2O5 system and the structure of Ba6Ga21TaO40.  

PubMed

Phase relationships in the BaO-Ga(2)O(3)-Ta(2)O(5) ternary system at 1200 °C were determined. The A(6)B(10)O(30) tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) related solution in the BaO-Ta(2)O(5) subsystem dissolved up to ~11 mol % Ga(2)O(3), forming a ternary trapezoid-shaped TTB-related solid solution region defined by the BaTa(2)O(6), Ba(1.1)Ta(5)O(13.6), Ba(1.58)Ga(0.92)Ta(4.08)O(13.16), and Ba(6)GaTa(9)O(30) compositions in the BaO-Ga(2)O(3)-Ta(2)O(5) system. Two ternary phases Ba(6)Ga(21)TaO(40) and eight-layer twinned hexagonal perovskite solid solution Ba(8)Ga(4-x)Ta(4+0.6x)O(24) were confirmed in the BaO-Ga(2)O(3)-Ta(2)O(5) system. Ba(6)Ga(21)TaO(40) crystallized in a monoclinic cell of a = 15.9130(2) Å, b = 11.7309(1) Å, c = 5.13593(6) Å, ? = 107.7893(9)°, and Z = 1 in space group C2/m. The structure of Ba(6)Ga(21)TaO(40) was solved by the charge flipping method, and it represents a three-dimensional (3D) mixed GaO(4) tetrahedral and GaO(6)/TaO(6) octahedral framework, forming mixed 1D 5/6-fold tunnels that accommodate the Ba cations along the c axis. The electrical property of Ba(6)Ga(21)TaO(40) was characterized by using ac impedance spectroscopy. PMID:22734887

Cao, Jiang; Yu, Xiaodi; Kuang, Xiaojun; Su, Qiang

2012-07-16

144

Dietary shift in corallivorous Drupella snails following a major bleaching event at Koh Tao, Gulf of Thailand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The island Koh Tao in the western Gulf of Thailand suffered severe coral bleaching in 2010. Its mushroom coral fauna of 20 species was surveyed during the bleaching in 2010 and after the bleaching in 2011. Multi-species assemblages of free-living mushroom corals occurred around the island, two of which were invaded by corallivorous Drupella snails after the bleaching. Previously these gastropods were known to mainly consume branching corals and hardly any mushroom corals. The snails were found preying on four fungiid species, three of which were susceptible to bleaching. The dietary shift became apparent after populations of preferred prey species (Acroporidae and Pocilloporidae) had died during the bleaching event. It seems that bleaching mortality reduced the availability of preferred prey, causing the corallivores to switch to less preferred species that occur in dense aggregations.

Hoeksema, B. W.; Scott, C.; True, J. D.

2013-06-01

145

Displacement of Ta-O bonds near polymorphic phase transition in Li-, Ta-, and Sb-modified (K, Na)NbO3 ceramics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Excellent piezoelectric properties can be obtained near the polymorphic phase transition (PPT) region in (K, Na)NbO3 based piezoceramics. The enhanced piezoelectric properties resulted from the 18-fold spontaneous polarization directions caused by the coexistence of orthorhombic and tetragonal phases. In this study, the various polarization directions derived from frequently changing Ta-O bonds in Li-, Ta-, and Sb-modified (K, Na)NbO3 ceramic were directly observed by extended X-ray absorption fine structure. More than three peaks were observed and represented the nearest neighbor Ta-O bonds because of the coexistence of tetragonal and orthorhombic phases as well as Ta displacements along the [001]c and [110]c directions. Hence, the domains rotated easily and responded actively to an external electric or force field. Large Pr and optimized piezoelectric properties were obtained near the PPT region.

Huan, Yu; Wang, Xiaohui; Li, Longtu

2014-06-01

146

Synthesis of (K, Na) (Nb, Ta)O 3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramic powders by high temperature mixing method under hydrothermal conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A facile hydrothermal route via high temperature mixing method was used to synthesize (K, Na) (Nb, Ta)O3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramic powders. The influence of Ta doping and K+\\/(K++Na+) molar ratios in the starting solution on the resultant powders were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, and selected area electron diffraction. The Ta element was successfully doped

Honghui Gu; Kongjun Zhu; Xuming Pang; Bin Shao; Jinhao Qiu; Hongli Ji

147

Origin of stratiform sediment-hosted manganese carbonate ore deposits: Examples from Molango, Mexico, and TaoJiang, China  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Carbonate and sulfide minerals from the Molango, Mexico, and TaoJiang, China, Mn deposits display similar and distinctive ??34S and ??13C patterns in intervals of manganese carbonate mineralization. ??13C-values for Mn-bearing carbonate range from -17.8 to +0.5??? (PDB), with the most negative values occurring in high-grade ore zones that are composed predominantly of rhodochrosite. In contrast, calcite from below, within and above Mn-carbonate zones at Molango has ??13C???0??? (PDB). Markedly negative ??13C data indicate that a large proportion of the carbon in Mn-carbonates was derived from organic matter oxidation. Diagenetic reactions using MnO2 and SO2-4 to oxidize sedimentary organic matter were the principle causes of such 12C enrichment. Pyrite content and sulfide ?? 34S-values also show distinctive variations. In unmineralized rocks, very negative ??34S-values (avg. < -21??? CDT) and abundant pyrite content suggest that pyrite formed from diagenetic, bacteriogenic sulfate reduction. In contrast, Mn-bearing horizons typically contain only trace amounts of pyrite (e.g., <0.5 wt% S with ??34S-values 34S-enriched, in some cases to nearly the value for contemporaneous seawater. 34S-enriched pyrite from the Mn-carbonate intervals indicates sulfide precipitation in an environment that underwent extensive SO2-4 reduction, and was largely a closed system with regard to exchange of sulfate and dissolved sulfide with normal seawater. The occasional occurrence of 34S-depleted pyrite within Mn-carbonate zones dominated by 34S-enriched pyrite is evidence that closed-system conditions were intermittent and limited to local pore waters and did not involve entire sedimentary basins. Mn-carbonate precipitation may have occluded porosity in the surficial sediments, thus establishing an effective barrier to SO2-4 exchange with overlying seawater. Similar isotopic and mineralogic characteristics from both the Molango and TaoJiang deposits, widely separated in geologic time and space, suggest they were formed similarly by MnO2 precipitation at the margins of dysaerobic to anoxic marine basins. Mn-carbonate formed predominantly by early-diagenetic reduction of Mn-oxides via oxidation of organic matter in near-surface sediments. In addition to MnCO3 precipitation, organic matter oxidation reactions resulted in oxidation of FeS to Fe-oxides such as magnetite, maghemite and hematite. The latter process explains anomalously low pyrite content and abundant Fe-oxide minerals in ore zones dominated by rhodochrosite. ?? 1992.

Okita, P.M.; Shanks, W. C., III

1992-01-01

148

Design and status of a near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TAO 6.5-m Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the design and current status of a near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory (TAO) project, which is to construct a 6.5m infrared telescope on the summit of Co. Chajnantor (altitude of 5,460m) in the northern Chile. The instrument, named SWIMS (Simultaneous-color Wide-field Infrared Multi-object Spectrograph), covers a wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 ?m with a field of view of 9.6 in diameter using 4096 × 4096 pixels with a pixel scale of 0.13 pixel-1. It has two observation modes: a wide-field imager and a multi-object spectrograph (MOS). The MOS mode adopts cooled multi-slit masks with 30 slits at a maximum, and achieves a spectral resolution of ?/??~ 1000. Up to 20 masks can be installed in a mask storage dewar. In both modes, two wavelength ranges of 0.9-1.4 ?m and 1.4-2.5 ?m are observed simultaneously with a dichroic mirror placed in the collimated beam. This will provide us data covering the wide spectral range under same conditions such as weather, telescope pointing, and so on. Such data are important not only for redshift surveys of distant galaxies but also for rapidly time-variable events such as gamma-ray bursts. As SWIMS is expected to be completed before the construction of the 6.5m telescope, we plan to carry out performance verification and early scientific observations on the Subaru Telescope at Hawaii.

Konishi, Masahiro; Motohara, Kentaro; Doi, Mamoru; Sako, Shigeyuki; Toshikawa, Koji; Mitani, Natsuko; Aoki, Tsutomu; Handa, Toshihiro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kato, Daisuke; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Koshida, Shintaro; Minezaki, Takeo; Miyata, Takashi; Soyano, Takao; Tanabe, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Yoshii, Yuzuru

2010-07-01

149

Optical characterization and evaluation of the laser properties of Yb(3+)-doped (La, Sr)(Al, Ta)O(3) single crystals.  

PubMed

A Yb(3+)-doped mixed-perovskite single crystal (La, Sr)(Al, Ta)O(3) (LSAT) crystal is grown by the Czochralski method. The absorption spectrum, fluorescence spectrum and fluorescence lifetime of Yb(3+) ions have been investigated, and the spectroscopic parameters of Yb:LSAT have also been calculated. This crystal exhibits a remarkably large ground-state splitting (about 1100 cm(-1)), a relatively long fluorescence lifetime (0.85 ms) and broad absorption and emission bandwidths. The results indicate that the Yb(3+):LSAT crystal is a good candidate for diode-pumped ultrashort and tunable solid-state laser applications. PMID:21378445

Zhao, Chengchun; Hang, Yin; He, Xiaoming; Zhang, Lianhan; Yin, Jigang; Hu, Pengchao; He, Mingzhu; Ma, En

2011-03-30

150

In situ observation of filamentary conducting channels in an asymmetric Ta?O5-x/TaO2-x bilayer structure.  

PubMed

Electrically induced resistive switching in metal insulator-metal structures is a subject of increasing scientific interest because it is one of the alternatives that satisfies current requirements for universal non-volatile memories. However, the origin of the switching mechanism is still controversial. Here we report the fabrication of a resistive switching device inside a transmission electron microscope, made from a Pt/SiO?/a-Ta?O5-x/a-TaO2-x/Pt structure, which clearly shows reversible bipolar resistive switching behaviour. The current-voltage measurements simultaneously confirm each of the resistance states (set, reset and breakdown). In situ scanning transmission electron microscope experiments verify, at the atomic scale, that the switching effects occur by the formation and annihilation of conducting channels between a top Pt electrode and a TaO2-x base layer, which consist of nanoscale TaO1-x filaments. Information on the structure and dimensions of conductive channels observed in situ offers great potential for designing resistive switching devices with the high endurance and large scalability. PMID:24008898

Park, Gyeong-Su; Kim, Young Bae; Park, Seong Yong; Li, Xiang Shu; Heo, Sung; Lee, Myoung-Jae; Chang, Man; Kwon, Ji Hwan; Kim, M; Chung, U-In; Dittmann, Regina; Waser, Rainer; Kim, Kinam

2013-01-01

151

Analysis of meteorological data and water chemistry of Latir Lakes, Taos County, New Mexico, 1985-88  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Data were analyzed to determine the chemistry of atmospheric deposition and water of the Latir Lakes in Taos County New Mexico, from 1985 to 1988. The Latir Lakes consist of a series of nine paternoster lakes that range in altitude from 11,061 to 11,893 feet above sea level. The pH of wet precipitation generally ranged from 4.6 to 5.5 and the specific conductance of wet precipitation ranged from 1 to 18 microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius from December 1985 through September 1988. Snowpack chemistry data indicate a change in the specific conductance, pH, and alkalinity of the snowpack from month to month. The dominant cation in the snowpack is calcium, and the dominant anions are nitrate and sulfate. The samples having the smallest values of specific conductance generally did not contain measurable alkalinity. When the snowpack starts to melt in the spring, specific conductance of the entire snowpack decreases, consistent with the hypothesis that the initial fluid draining from the snowpack transports a large amount of dissolved material out of the snowpack. Water chemistries in the Latir Lakes are similar although specific conductance increases downstream from lake 9 to lake 1. Calcium is the dominant cation and the ions that produce alkalinity are the dominant anions. Concentrations of sodium, magnesium, chloride, and sulfate do not vary substantially from year to year or during the year in a particular lake. Alkalinity and calcium concentration, however, do vary from year to year and during the year. The pH of outflow from the Latir Lakes varies from lake to lake and from year to year. In 1986, the range in pH in the lakes was less than 1 unit in mid-June, but was greater than 2.5 units by late October. The pH generally was larger than 7.0 in all of the lakes and was as large as 9.9 in several of the lakes during the period of study. The pH of outflow water generally increases from early spring to late summer in the Latir Lakes, and snowmelt does not seem to cause the pH to decrease in the lakes. Depth profiles of selected lakes indicate that the dissolved-oxygen concentration approaches zero below the thermocline. This suggests biological oxidation of organic matter in the lower zones in these lakes. Because many organisms cannot live in water containing small dissolved-oxygen concentrations, large volumes of water in lakes 9 and 3 probably are not suitable for habitation during the summer months.

Anderholm, S.K.; Roybal, R.G.; Risser, D.W.; Somers, Georgene

1994-01-01

152

Digital data and derivative products from a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey of the central San Luis basin, covering parts of Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, and Rio Grande counties, Colorado, and Taos county, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report describes data collected from a high-resolution aeromagnetic survey flown over the central San Luis basin during October, 2004, by PRJ, Inc., on contract to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The survey extends from just north of Alamosa, Colorado, southward to just northwest of Taos, New Mexico. It covers large parts of the San Luis Valley in Alamosa, Conejos, Costilla, and Rio Grande Counties, southern Colorado, and the Taos Plateau in Taos County, northern New Mexico. The survey was designed to complement two surveys previously acquired along the eastern borders of the San Luis Basin over the vicinities of Taos, New Mexico (Bankey and others, 2004a) and Blanca, Colorado (Bankey and others, 2004b). Our overall objective in conducting these surveys is to improve knowledge of the subsurface geologic framework in order to understand ground-water systems in populated alluvial basins along the Rio Grande. These USGS efforts are conducted in collaboration with other federal, state, and local governmental entities where possible.

Bankey, Viki; Grauch, V.J.S.; Webbers, Ank; PRJ, Inc

2005-01-01

153

Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The Chinese medicine formulation ISF-1 (also known as Bu-Yang-Huan-Wu-Tang) for post-stroke rehabilitation could increase the expression of growth-regulating protein follistatin by approximately 4-fold. This study aims to identify the active compounds of ISF-1 for the induction of follistatin expression. Methods Active compounds in ISF-1 responsible for induction of follistatin were identified by a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure involving liquid-liquid extraction, HPLC separation and RT-PCR detection. The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR. The concentrations of isolated compounds were proportionally normalized to the reported IC50 concentration (5.8 mg/mL) of the formulation ISF-1 in HepG2. The active fractions were characterized by reverse-phase HPLC on a C18 column and identified by mass spectrometry. Results Three ingredients of ISF-1, namely S. Persicae (Tao Ren), Pheretima (Di Long), and Flos Carthami (Hong Hua), induced the expression of follistatin mRNA. Among these, the ingredient S. Persicae were the most active, and amygdalin from S. Persicae extract was identified as a novel follistatin inducer. Amygdalin stimulated the growth of skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusions Amygdalin isolated from S. Persicae extract in ISF-1 through a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure induced the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines. PMID:25237385

2014-01-01

154

Regional vegetation dynamics and its response to climate change—a case study in the Tao River Basin in Northwestern China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 30-year normalized-difference vegetation index (NDVI) time series from AVHRR/MODIS satellite sensors was used in this study to assess the regional vegetation dynamic changes in the Tao River Basin, which cuts across the Eastern Tibetan Plateau (ETP) and the Southwestern Loess Plateau (SLP). First, principal component and correlation analyses were carried out to determine the key climatic variables driving ecological change in the region. Then, regression models were tested to correlate NDVI with the selected climatic variables to determine their predictive power. Finally, Sen’s slope method was used to determine how terrestrial vegetation has responded to regional climate change in the region. The results indicated an average winter season NDVI value of 0.14 in the ETP but only 0.04 in the SLP. Primarily driven by increasing temperature, vegetation growth has generally been enhanced since 1981; spring NDVI increased by 0.03 every 10 years in the ETP and 0.02 in the SLP. Further, results from trend analyses suggest vegetation growth in the ETP shifted to earlier-start and earlier-end dates, however in the SLP, the growing season has been extended with an earlier-start and later-end date. The precipitation threshold for vegetation germination, measured by the cumulative spring rainfall, was found to be 44 mm for both the ETP and SLP.

Li, Changbin; Qi, Jiaguo; Yang, Linshan; Wang, Shuaibing; Yang, Wenjin; Zhu, Gaofeng; Zou, Songbing; Zhang, Feng

2014-12-01

155

Massively Parallel Assimilation of TOGA/TAO and Topex/Poseidon Measurements into a Quasi Isopycnal Ocean General Circulation Model Using an Ensemble Kalman Filter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A massively parallel ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF)is used to assimilate temperature data from the TOGA/TAO array and altimetry from TOPEX/POSEIDON into a Pacific basin version of the NASA Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Project (NSIPP)ls quasi-isopycnal ocean general circulation model. The EnKF is an approximate Kalman filter in which the error-covariance propagation step is modeled by the integration of multiple instances of a numerical model. An estimate of the true error covariances is then inferred from the distribution of the ensemble of model state vectors. This inplementation of the filter takes advantage of the inherent parallelism in the EnKF algorithm by running all the model instances concurrently. The Kalman filter update step also occurs in parallel by having each processor process the observations that occur in the region of physical space for which it is responsible. The massively parallel data assimilation system is validated by withholding some of the data and then quantifying the extent to which the withheld information can be inferred from the assimilation of the remaining data. The distributions of the forecast and analysis error covariances predicted by the ENKF are also examined.

Keppenne, Christian L.; Rienecker, Michele; Borovikov, Anna Y.; Suarez, Max

1999-01-01

156

Preliminary Geologic Map of the Vermejo Peak area, Colfax and Taos Counties, New Mexico and Las Animas and Costilla Counties, Colorado  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This geologic map covers four 7.5-minute quadrangles-The Wall, NM-CO (New Mexico-Colorado), Vermejo Park, NM-CO, Ash Mountain, NM, and Van Bremmer Park, NM. The study area straddles the boundary between the eastern flank of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the western margin of the Raton Basin, with about two-thirds of the map area in the basin. The Raton Basin is a foreland basin that formed immediately eastward of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains during their initial uplift, in the Late Cretaceous through early Eocene Laramide orogeny. Subsequently, these mountains have been extensively modified during formation of the Rio Grande rift, from late Oligocene to present. The map area is within that part of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains that is called the Culebra Range. Additionally, the map covers small parts of the Devil's Park graben and the Valle Vidal half-graben, in the northwestern and southwestern parts of the map area, respectively. These two grabens are small intermontaine basins, that are satellitic to the main local basin of the Rio Grande rift, the San Luis Basin, that are an outlying, early- formed part of the rift, and that separate the Culebra Range from the Taos Range, to the southwest.

Fridrich, Christopher J.; Shroba, Ralph R.; Pillmore, Charles L.; Hudson, Adam M.

2009-01-01

157

Chinese herbal medicine formula Tao Hong Si Wu decoction protects against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via PI3K/Akt and the Nrf2 signaling pathway.  

PubMed

The Chinese herbal medicine formula Tao Hong Si Wu decoction (THSWD) is traditionally used for the prevention and treatment of ischemic stroke. Transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) regulates a battery of phase II enzymes and is known as the major mechanism of cellular defense against oxidative stress. The present study aimed to explore the potential effect of THSWD on the Nrf2 signaling pathway and the consequent effect during cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We found that THSWD reduced infarct volume and improved neurological function in a rat stroke model induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Additionally, heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), a key endogenous antioxidant enzyme regulated by Nrf2, was significantly further induced by THSWD in this in vivo model. In neuronal-like PC12 cells, THSWD remarkably up-regulated HO-1 expression and promoted Nrf2 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt kinase was found to be involved in the upstream of Nrf2 regulation. In an in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD-Rep) model, THSWD treatment significantly reduced cell death induced by OGD-Rep insult. Importantly, the protective action was attenuated while PI3K activity was inhibited by a specific inhibitor, LY294002, and the Nrf2 signaling pathway was blocked by antioxidant response element (ARE) decoy oligonucleotides. Collectively, these results demonstrated that THSWD exhibited notable neuroprotective properties in vitro and in vivo and activation of PI3K/Akt and the Nrf2 signaling pathway may be, at least in part, responsible for the protection. This study provides a better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the traditional use of the Chinese herbal medicine formula THSWD. PMID:25149059

Li, Li; Yang, Na; Nin, Ling; Zhao, Zhilong; Chen, Lu; Yu, Jie; Jiang, Zhuyun; Zhong, Zhendong; Zeng, Daiwen; Qi, Hongyi; Xu, Xiaoyu

2015-01-01

158

GPU Consolidation for Cloud Games: Are We There Yet? Hua-Jun Hong1, Tao-Ya Fan-Chiang1, Che-Run Lee1, Kuan-Ta Chen2, Chun-Ying Huang3, and Cheng-Hsin Hsu1  

E-print Network

GPU Consolidation for Cloud Games: Are We There Yet? Hua-Jun Hong1, Tao-Ya Fan-Chiang1, Che-Run Lee to the in- creasingly popular cloud gaming services, server consolidation is one of the key technologies cloud gaming platform to answer the following question: Are modern GPUs ready for cloud gaming? Our

Chen, Sheng-Wei

159

Validation of the NASA GEWEX-SRB Radiation Data over the Tropical Oceans: Comparisons with PIRATA, RAMA, TAO and WHOI Buoy Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA/GEWEX SRB (Global Energy and Water Exchanges, Surface Radiation Budget) project produces and archives shortwave and longwave radiation budget flux estimates at the top of the atmosphere and at the Earth's surface. The latest version in the archive, Release 3.0, is available as 3-hourly, 3-hourly-monthly, daily and monthly means continuously over the period from July 1983 to December 2007 on a quasi-equal-area grid system of 44016 grid boxes. SRB Release 4 with further improvements in data quality and higher spatial resolution is being developed. The SRB shortwave/longwave fluxes at the Earth's surface from the algorithm GSW(V3.0)/GLW(V3.1) have been extensively validated against high-quality ground-based observations, in particular observed data from the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN). Comparisons with nearly 6000 site-months of both shortwave and longwave data from 52 BSRN sites show generally good agreement. In addition, the GEWEX SRB data have also been found to compare favorably with the World Radiation Data Centre (WRDC) data and the Global Energy Balance Archive (GEBA) data. In spite of the fact that the BSRN sites are scattered on all seven continents, the validation of the SRB data over the vast oceans had not been done until recently. In this paper, we present comparisons of the GEWEX-SRB data shortwave/longwave data with observations made on arrays moored in tropical oceans. Specifically, we have data from 21 buoys, or moorings, from Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Atlantic (PIRATA), 14 buoys from the Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) in the Indian Ocean, 20 buoys from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array in the Pacific, and 3 buoys from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) (2 in the Pacific and 1 in the Atlantic). The data from these buoys span 12 years from 2000 to 2011, though not necessarily continuously. It is found that except for occasional outliers, the majority of the comparable pairs of data points agree well. For instance, the bias/RMS from 1644 monthly mean data points is 11.1/19.0 W m-2. Further examination of the outliers is necessary to determine whether they can be attributed to wind-driven tilt and/or aerosol accumulation on the instruments. In order to see how the ocean-based validation compares with land-based validation, we made SRB-BSRN monthly mean shortwave/longwave radiation comparisons in the tropical region only, where all the buoys are moored. The results show that in the case of shortwave radiation, the bias error from the ocean-based validation is somewhat larger than its land-based counterpart, but their RMS errors are not significantly different. In the case of longwave radiation, the ocean-based and land-based validations show nearly identical comparison statistics.

Zhang, T.; Stackhouse, P. W.; Gupta, S. K.; Cox, S. J.; Mikovitz, J. C.

2013-12-01

160

Validation of the NASA GEWEX-SRB Radiation Data over the Tropical Oceans: Comparisons with PIRATA, RAMA, TAO and WHOI Buoy Observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NASA GEWEX-SRB (Global Energy and Water Exchanges - Surface Radiation Budget) project produces and archives shortwave and longwave radiation budget data at the top of the atmosphere and the Earth's Surface. The latest version in the archive, Release 3.0, is available as 3-hourly, 3-hourly-monthly, daily and monthly means continuously over the period from July 1983 to December 2007 on a quasi-equal-area grid system of 44016 grid boxes. Releases 4 and 5 with further improved quality and higher spatial resolution are being planned. The SRB shortwave/longwave fluxes at the Earth's surface from the algorithm GSW(V3.0)/GLW(V3.1) have been extensively validated against high-quality ground-based observations, in particular observed data from the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN). Comparisons with nearly 6000 site-months of both shortwave and longwave data from 52 BSRN sites show generally good agreement. In addition, the GEWEX SRB data have also been found to compare favorably with the World Radiation Data Centre (WRDC) data and the Global Energy Balance Archive (GEBA) data. In spite of the fact that the BSRN sites are scattered on all seven continents, the validation of the SRB data over the vast oceans had not been done until recently. In this paper, we present comparisons of the GEWEX-SRB data shortwave/longwave data with observations made on arrays moored in tropical oceans. Specifically, we have data from 21 buoys, or moorings, from Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Atlantic (PIRATA), 14 buoys from the Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction (RAMA) in the Indian Ocean, 20 buoys from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array in the Pacific, and 3 buoys from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) (2 in the Pacific and 1 in the Atlantic). The data from these buoys span 12 years from 2000 to 2011, though not necessarily continuously. It is found that except for occasional outliers, the majority of the comparable pairs of data points agree well. Further examination of the outliers is necessary to determine whether they can be attributed to wind-driven tilt and/or aerosol accumulation on the instruments. In order to see how the ocean-based validation compares with land-based validation, we made SRB-BSRN monthly mean shortwave/longwave radiation comparisons in the tropical region only, the region in which all the buoys are moored. The results show that in the case of shortwave radiation, the bias error from the ocean-based validation is somewhat larger than its land-based counterpart, but their RMS errors are not significantly different. In the case of longwave radiation, the ocean-based and land-based validations show nearly identical comparison statistics.

Zhang, T.; Stackhouse, P. W., Jr.; Gupta, S. K.; Cox, S. J.; Mikovitz, J. C.; NASA Gewex Srb Project Team

2013-05-01

161

Theoretical views on activation of methane catalyzed by Hf2+ and oxidation of CO (x(1)?(+)) by N2O (x(1)?(+)) Catalyzed by HfO2+ and TaO2+.  

PubMed

The mechanisms of activation of CH4 catalyzed by (1/3)Hf(2+) and oxidation of CO by N2O catalyzed by (1/3)HfO(2+) or (2/4)TaO(2+) have been investigated using the B3LYP level of theory. For the activation of methane, the TSR (two-state reactivity) mechanism has been certified through the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) calculation and the Landau-Zener-type model. In the vicinity of the minimum energy crossing point (MECP), SOC equals 900.23 cm(-1) and the probability of intersystem crossing is approximately 0.62. Spin inversion makes the activation barrier decline from 1.63 to 0.57 eV. NBO analysis demonstrates that empty 6s and 5d orbitals of the Hf atom play the major role for the activation of C-H bonds. Finally, CH4 dehydrogenates to produce Hf-CH2(2+). For oxidation of CO by N2O catalyzed by HfO(2+) or TaO(2+), the covalent bonds between transition metal atoms and the oxygen atom restrict the freedom of valence electrons. Therefore, they are all SSR (single-state reactivity). The oxygen atom is directly extracted during the course of oxygen transfer, and its microscopic essence has been discussed. The detailed kinetic information of two catalytic cycles has been calculated by referencing the "energetic span (?E)" model. Finally, TOF(HfO(2+))/TOF(TaO(2+)) = 2.7 at 298.15 K, which has a good consistency with the experimental result. PMID:23947756

Nian, Jingyan; Tie, Lu; Wang, Ben; Guo, Zhiguang

2013-09-12

162

Reconstruction of the 1997/1998 El Nino from TOPEX/POSEIDON and TOGA/TAO Data Using a Massively Parallel Pacific-Ocean Model and Ensemble Kalman Filter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two massively parallel data assimilation systems in which the model forecast-error covariances are estimated from the distribution of an ensemble of model integrations are applied to the assimilation of 97-98 TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry and TOGA/TAO temperature data into a Pacific basin version the NASA Seasonal to Interannual Prediction Project (NSIPP)ls quasi-isopycnal ocean general circulation model. in the first system, ensemble of model runs forced by an ensemble of atmospheric model simulations is used to calculate asymptotic error statistics. The data assimilation then occurs in the reduced phase space spanned by the corresponding leading empirical orthogonal functions. The second system is an ensemble Kalman filter in which new error statistics are computed during each assimilation cycle from the time-dependent ensemble distribution. The data assimilation experiments are conducted on NSIPP's 512-processor CRAY T3E. The two data assimilation systems are validated by withholding part of the data and quantifying the extent to which the withheld information can be inferred from the assimilation of the remaining data. The pros and cons of each system are discussed.

Keppenne, C. L.; Rienecker, M.; Borovikov, A. Y.

1999-01-01

163

By the light of the Tao  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article unveils a three-stage model of critical reflection which has emerged from research with social work students and their educators in England. In the first stage we acquire the art of reflection in everyday life-worlds as we process raw experiencing and convert it into transferable learning. In the second stage reflection becomes critical when conjoined to the art of

Caroline Humphrey

2009-01-01

164

The Tao of Teaching: Romance and Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because college teaching aims to elevate, not entertain, it must be nourished and appreciated as a pedagogical alchemy mixing facts and feelings, ideas and skills, history and mystery. The current debate on educational reform should focus more on quality of learning experience, and on how to create and sustain it. (MSE)

Schindler, Stefan

1991-01-01

165

The Tao of Creating Sacred Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article articulates the major premises of Sheldon Z. Kramer's book, Transforming the Inner and Outer Family: Humanistic and Spiritual Approaches to the Mind-Body Systems Therapy(The Haworth Press, Inc., 1995). This overview briefly introduces and explains the power of meditation in psychotherapy, meditation and the use of the body, creating congruent communication, working with incongruence in couples and bridging the

Sheldon Z. Kramer

1996-01-01

166

An Exploration of Formalized Information Retrieval Heuristics Hui Fang, Tao Tao, and ChengXiang Zhai  

E-print Network

these "necessary heuristics" mathematically. A basic research question is then how can we formally define-IDF weighting. Any effective retrieval formula, no matter how it is originally motivated, also often boils down to an explicit or implicit implementation of these heuristics. One basic research question is thus what

Zhai, ChengXiang

167

An Exploration of Formalized Information Retrieval Heuristics Hui Fang, Tao Tao, and ChengXiang Zhai  

E-print Network

these ``necessary heuristics'' mathematically. A basic research question is then how can we formally define­IDF weighting. Any effective retrieval formula, no matter how it is originally motivated, also often boils down to an explicit or implicit implementation of these heuristics. One basic research question is thus what

Zhai, ChengXiang

168

Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu/  

E-print Network

aspects of the Semantic Web Services (SWS) bootstrapping process ñWP2: Learning domain ontologies from-ordinator) Department of Computer Science University of Sheffield Regent Court Sheffield S1 4DP, UK Email: Phone: +44 (0) 114 222 1930 Web: K.Bontcheva@dcs.shef.ac.uk http://www.dcs.shef.ac.uk/~kalina/ #12;

Bontcheva, Kalina

169

A Tao of Narrative: Dynamic Splicing of Teacher Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I explore a cross-cultural narrative inquiry method through a narrative inquiry about the process of reconstruction of five teacher stories. With dramatic, different cultural backgrounds, the five narrative inquirers -- four teacher-researchers and myself -- recovered and reconstructed our teacher stories by telling and living,…

Li, Xin

2005-01-01

170

Anatomy: Simple and Effective Privacy Preservation Xiaokui Xiao Yufei Tao  

E-print Network

gastritis 7 (Alice) 65 F 25000 flu 8 70 F 30000 bronchitis Table 1: The microdata tuple ID Age Sex Zipcode [10001, 60000] gastritis 7 [61, 70] F [10001, 60000] flu 8 [61, 70] F [10001, 60000] bronchitis Table 2

Tao, Yufei

171

Cooperation and Directionality: Friends or Foes? Zhifeng Tao , Thanasis Korakis  

E-print Network

, directional antenna relies on directional transmission of wireless signal, whilst cooperative communications-generation wireless network, cooperative communications and direc- tional antenna system so far have been developed between directionality and broadcast, a natural question to contemplate is: are cooperative communications

Panwar, Shivendra S.

172

77 FR 36994 - Questa Ranger District, Carson National Forest; Taos County, NM; Taos Ski Valley's 2010 Master...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...intent was published in the Federal Register on September 29, 2011 (76 FR 60451) modifying the proposed action to relocate the snow tubing area and add the relocation of an existing footbridge across the Rio Hondo. The Environmental Protection Agency...

2012-06-20

173

A Search-Aware JPEG-LS Variation for Compressed Image Retrieval Tao Tao, Amar Mukherjee, Ravi Vijaya Satya  

E-print Network

- length compression and the LZW compression are not efficient in terms of compression ratio amount of image data such as the satellite images being stored in the compressed format, efficient image compression. With the images being stored in the compressed format, efficient retrieval of image

Mukherjee, Amar

174

Ultrafast consensus via predictive mechanisms Hai-Tao Zhang, Michael ZhiQiang Chen, Tao Zhou and  

E-print Network

alignment of satellite clusters, congestion control of communication networks, multi-agent formation control of the heterogeneous influences [17], and use of adaptive velocity [18]. Most of the previous studies on the consensus

Cambridge, University of

175

Localization of the human 64kD autoantigen D1 to myofibrils in a subset of extraocular muscle fibers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PURPOSE. To evaluate the tissue-specific expression pattern of the 64kD human autoantigen D1, a tropomodulin-related protein that may be involved in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy. METHODS. Recombinant 64kD human autoantigen D1 was generated in a bacterial expression system and used to immunize rabbits. Specific antibodies were affinity-purified and used for Western blots on normal and hyperthyroid rat and rabbit tissue, and immunofluorescence localization on cryosections of rat tissue. RESULTS. Anti-64kD human autoantigen D1 antibodies recognize specifically a approximately 70kD polypeptide in western blots of extraocular muscle, sternothyroid muscle, and smooth muscle. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrates that the 64kD human autoantigen D1 localizes to myofibrils in slow fibers from rat extraocular and sternothyroid muscle. The level of this protein is not altered in extraocular muscles from hyperthyroid rabbits. CONCLUSIONS. The 64kD human autoantigen D1 is expressed in slow fibers of extraocular and sternothyroid muscles as a component of myofibrils, and is not upregulated in conditions of hyperthyroidism.

Conley, C. A.; Fowler, V. M.

1999-01-01

176

Presence of Dry Eye in Patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To evaluate the tear function tests in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and to compare the results with healthy subjects. Methods. A hundred and ten patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 100 healthy subjects were included in this study. The presence of thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy and tear function tests were evaluated clinically. The results were first compared between the patients and the control groups and then compared between patients with NOSPECS and patients without NOSPECS. Logistic regression analyses of the risk factors for dry eye including sex, gender, free plasma thyroxine, proptosis, upper eyelid margin-reflex distance, and duration of the disease were also evaluated. Results. The mean ocular surface disease index score was significantly higher and mean Schirmer and mean tear break-up time scores were significantly lower in patients compared to control subjects. Mean Schirmer and tear break-up time scores were found to be significantly lower in patients with NOSPECS when compared to the patients without NOSPECS. Both proptosis and free plasma thyroxine levels were significantly associated with dry eye. Conclusions. Patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis tend to develop dry eye more common than healthy subjects. Proptosis and lower free plasma thyroxine levels were found to be risk factors for the presence of dry eye. PMID:25580281

K?l?çkan, Elif; Ecemi?, Gulçin; Beyazyildiz, Emrullah; Çolak, Ramis

2014-01-01

177

Developing Standard Real-time CORBA Applications using the TAO Object Request Broker A Proposal for a TAO Real-time CORBA Developers Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

To write, maintain, and optimize efficient, predictable, and scalable real-time systems, developers of real-time applica- tions must know how to use the quality of service (QoS) fea- tures defined by CORBA specifications for real-time and asyn- chronous messaging. The proposed Real-time CORBA De- velopers Guide described in this document will explain these specifications in detail, as well as provide many

Douglas C. Schmidt; David Levine

178

The TAO of Topic Maps finding the way in the age of infoglut  

Microsoft Academic Search

Topic maps are a new ISO standard for describing knowledge structures and associating them with information resources. As such they constitute an enabling technology for knowledge management. Dubbed \\

Steve Pepper

2000-01-01

179

THE GREEN-TAO THEOREM ON ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS IN THE PRIMES: AN ERGODIC POINT OF VIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long-standing and almost folkloric conjecture is that the primes contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. Until recently, the only prog- ress on this conjecture was due to van der Corput, who showed in 1939 that there are infinitely many triples of primes in arithmetic progression. In an amazing fusion of methods from analytic number theory and ergodic theory, Ben Green

BRYNA KRA

2006-01-01

180

SoK: Eternal War in Memory Laszlo Szekeres, Mathias Payer, Tao Wei, Dawn Song  

E-print Network

University University of California, Berkeley Peking University Abstract--Memory corruption bugs in software solutions have been proposed, yet memory corruption attacks continue to pose a serious threat. Real world the reasons why protection mechanisms imple- menting stricter polices are not deployed. To achieve wide

Sekar, R.

181

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2009.11.13.01(TH) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., Vol. 21, No. 3, 409-428, June 2010 Growth Normal Faulting at the Western Edge and tectonics. Here we present the Shanchiao Fault as a case study which is an active normal fault responsible. T., J. C. Lee, Y. C. Chan, and C. Y. Lu, 2010: Growth normal faulting at the western edge

Lee, Jian-Cheng

182

An ab Mfio study of the HNCN radical F.-M. Tao and W. Klemperer  

E-print Network

University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 Michael C. McCarthy and C. A. Gottlieb Division of Applied, and Sears[J, Chem. Sot. Faraday Trans. 89, 615 ( 1993)]. The quadrupolecoupling constantsfor the inner

183

SALIENT MOTION DETECTION IN CROWDED SCENES Chen Change Loy, Tao Xiang, Shaogang Gong  

E-print Network

training videos. We demonstrate its potential on public scene videos, with applications in salient action operators tends to deteriorate after prolonged surveillance video monitoring, especially when surveillance effectiveness and reduce operator cognitive over- load, it is critical to filter the displayed

Gong, Shaogang

184

A ROBUST PARAMETRIC ACTIVE CONTOUR BASED ON FOURIER DESCRIPTORS Tao Li, Alexandre Krupa and Christophe Collewet  

E-print Network

concave con- tours, as for example the ones depicted in Fig.1. This can be done by B-spline parametric is implemented on GPU to ensure the real-time tracking performance. Index Terms-- Active contour, Fourier

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

185

Efficient Missing Tag Detection in RFID Systems Wen Luo Shigang Chen Tao Li Shiping Chen  

E-print Network

object (e.g., a microwave oven, a rifle, or a bullet magazine) is attached with a RFID tag. Now, if some existing work on RFID systems is to design protocols that read the IDs from the tags [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13]. Other work designs time-efficient protocols to estimate the number of tags

Chen, Shigang

186

Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on the Predictability of Tropical Cyclones FUQING ZHANG AND DANDAN TAO  

E-print Network

Effects of Vertical Wind Shear on the Predictability of Tropical Cyclones FUQING ZHANG AND DANDAN of tropical cyclone (TC) intensity during different stages of the TC life cycle. A series of ensemble of tropical cyclones, especially during the formation and rapid intensification stage. The larger the vertical

187

Chapter I The Tao to Understanding Enterprise Resource Planning Complexity: Sun-Tzu's Five Factors Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

As exploratory research, the chapter's aim is to assess if Sun-Tzu's application of Taoist principles are applicable to the problem domain of Enterprise Resource Planning Management (ERPM). It argues that an ERP's complexity not only shares conceptually The Art of War's historical context, but also can be understood to be a disequilibrium force best understood using Taoist principles. Sun-Tsu's The

James W. Price Jr; Pamila Dembla

188

Intelligent Cloud Capacity Management Yexi Jiang, Chang-Shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang  

E-print Network

. Another associated cost with idled equipments is the cost of network, labor, facility (floor space electricity cost at these data centers would be approximately $7.4 billion [5]. In this paper, we focus}@us.ibm.com Abstract--Cloud computing as a service promises many busi- ness benefits. The cost to pay is that it also

Li, Tao

189

Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang  

E-print Network

equipment later than earlier. Another associated cost with idled equipments is the cost of network, labor results on the IBM Smart Cloud Enterprise trace data demonstrate the effectiveness, accuracy costs. Unused hardware not only causes under-utilized capital, but also results in more early purchase

Li, Tao

190

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2011.09.23.02(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

of Christchurch, caused the largest peak ground accelera- tion (PGA) of 0.3 g in Christchurch as recorded by Geo Assessment in Christchurch, New Zealand, After the M 7.1, 4 September 2010 Darfield Earthquake September 2011 AbSTRACT The Mw 6.3, 21 February 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand, earthquake is regarded

Wu, Yih-Min

191

Achieving End-to-end Predictability in the TAO Real-time CORBA ORB  

Microsoft Academic Search

End-to-end predictability of operations is essential for many fixed-priority distributed real-time and embedded (DRE) ap- plications, such as command and control systems, manufactur- ing process control systems, large-scale distributed interactive simulations, and testbeam data acquisition systems. To facil- itate this common requirement, the Real-Time CORBA spec- ification defines standard middleware features that allow ap- plications to allocate, schedule, and control

Irfan Pyarali; Douglas C. Schmidt; Ron K. Cytron

2002-01-01

192

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.03.11.01(TT) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

Gas Engineering, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, Chongqing, China 3 Graduate Institute-bearing strata in Taiwan (Ho 1966, 1988). It is encased by two marine fossil-bearing Miocene formations, the over. The shale and siltstone inter-laminations or fine-grained sandstone are well developed. Most of the fossil

Lin, Andrew Tien-Shun

193

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.01.31.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

had larger location errors. For the inland locales, location errors in longitude, latitude, and depth to image the crustal and upper mantle structures beneath mountain belts and surrounding seas in and around, and marine geo-hazards. During the TAIGER project ten dynamite explosions were detonated to imaging Taiwan

Wu, Yih-Min

194

A VARIATION NORM CARLESON THEOREM RICHARD OBERLIN ANDREAS SEEGER TERENCE TAO  

E-print Network

for the Fourier series, (1) Snf(x) S[f](n, x) = n k=-n fk e2ikx ; here n N0 = {0, 1, 2, . . . }. The celebrated theorem by Carleson [4] states that if f is square integrable then Snf converges to f almost everywhere |Snf| Lp(T) C f Lp(T) for all f Lp(T); see also [10], [20], and [12] for other proofs of this fact

Seeger, Andreas

195

Geologic map of the Ojo Caliente Quadrangle, Rio Arriba and Taos Counties, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The Ojo Caliente area forms part of the western limb of the Espanola basin within the Rio Grande rift of northern New Mexico (Manley, 1979; May, 1979). The geology consists of Miocene basin-fill sedimentary rocks that rest unconformably on, or are faulted against, Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks. The Miocene rocks dip gently to the southeast, except where the attitudes are controlled by faulting or by the underlying basement topography. The Precambrian and Miocene rocks are unconformably overlain by Quaternary pediment and river gravels, loess, travertine, landslide debris, and alluvium. The Precambrian rocks are faulted into horsts in several areas by north - northeast - trending normal faults.

Stix, J. (comp.)

1986-11-01

196

doi: 10.3319/TAO.2013.01.22.01(T) * Corresponding author  

E-print Network

, Taiwan 2 Disaster Prevention Technology Research Center, Sinotech Engineering Consultants Inc., Taipei, and structure reconstruction. Key words: Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, Hazard map, Meishan earthquake

Wu, Yih-Min

197

Dual Contouring of Hermite Data Tao Ju, Frank Losasso, Scott Schaefer, Joe Warren  

E-print Network

a restricted oc- tree) and requires no "crack patching". We conclude with a simple test for preserving, contouring, crack prevention, quadratic error functions, polyhedral simplification e-mail: {jutao on a semester-long group project to develop a cutting- edge computer game. One of the primary goals for the game

Ju, Tao

198

Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relapse prevention, based on the cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, has become an adjunct to the treatment of numerous psychological problems, including (but not limited to) substance abuse, depression, sexual offending, and schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of the efficacy and effectiveness of relapse prevention in the…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Marlatt, Alan G.

2004-01-01

199

Kinetic Origin of Divergent Decompression Pathways in Silicon and Germanium Jian-Tao Wang,1,2,* Changfeng Chen,2  

E-print Network

April 2013) Silicon and germanium transform from diamond to #12;-tin structure under compression of silicon and germanium that crystallize at ambient conditions in the cubic diamond structure (Si-I or Ge-I) and transform to a body-centered tetragonal #12;-tin structure (Si-II or Ge-II) at $11:7 GPa and $9:7 GPa

Wang, Wei Hua

200

Geopolitics of Quantum Buddhism: Our Pre-Hydrocarbon Tao Future (No Breakthrough at the Rio+20 Summit)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From Rio to Rio with Kyoto, Copenhagen and Durban in between, the conclusion remains the same: we fundamentally disagree on realities of this planet and the ways we can address them. A decisive breakthrough would necessitate both wider contexts and a larger participatory base so as to identify problems, formulate policies, and broaden and…

Bajrektarevic, Anis

2013-01-01

201

TAO, Vol. 11, No. 4, 753-764, December 2000 A Rapid Method for the Determination of 137  

E-print Network

- ronments from atomic bomb tests, nuclear accidents, and nuclear waste disposal. As an ele- ment of the Cs can be determined by atomic absorption spectrometry or by gravimetric measurement of H2 PtCl6

Huh, Chih-An

202

Coherent detection in optical fiber systems , Alan Pak Tao Lau, Daniel J. F. Barros, Joseph M. Kahn  

E-print Network

. *Corresponding Author: wavelet@stanford.edu Abstract: The drive for higher performance in optical fiber systems; (060.5060) Phase modulation; (060.2840) Heterodyne. References and links 1. C.E. Shannon, "A

Kahn, Joseph M.

203

Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Surfactant Detection Jian-Tao Zhang, Natasha Smith, and Sanford A. Asher*  

E-print Network

of more hydrophobic monomers increases the sensitivity to surfactants. Amphiphilic surfactants are organic and detergents and in cosmetics, industrial cleaners, etc.1 These applications result in release

Asher, Sanford A.

204

Parallel Simulation of Fluid Slip in a Microchannel Jingyu Zhou, Luoding Zhu, Linda Petzold, and Tao Yang  

E-print Network

Parallel Simulation of Fluid Slip in a Microchannel Jingyu Zhou, Luoding Zhu, Linda Petzold that the flow in microchannels can slip along hydrophobic (repelling water) walls. The slip can have important along microchannel walls using the mul- ticomponent lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with domain

Petzold, Linda R.

205

Energy-Gap Opening in a Bi(110) Nanoribbon Induced by Edge Reconstruction Jia-Tao Sun,1,5  

E-print Network

graphene on silicon carbide [4H-SiCð0001�]. In contrast with the semimetal property of elemental bismuth.1103/PhysRevLett.109.246804 PACS numbers: 73.20.�r, 68.37.�d, 68.43.�h, 73.21.�b Semimetal bismuth is one to an energy higher than the highest subbands of hole pockets rendering the possibility of semimetal

Gao, Hongjun

206

PHILOSOPHY (I-LI) VERSUS PHILOLOGY (K'AO-CHENG): THE JEN-HSIN TAO-HSIN DEBATE*  

E-print Network

in philosophic orientation transformed Confucian inquiry from a quest for moral perfection to a programmatic institutions and practical teachings of the sage-kings of antiquity. Venerated as a sacred Classic (sheng

Elman, Benjamin

207

Mid-Holocene East Asian summer climate as simulated by the PMIP2 models Wang Tao a,b,c,  

E-print Network

Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China b Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China c Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China a b s t r a c to analyze the East Asian summer climate during the mid-Holocene (about 6000 calendar years ago

208

Robust State Estimation Under False Data Injection in Distributed Sensor Networks Shanshan Zheng, Tao Jiang, John S. Baras  

E-print Network

infrastructure assets, such as power grids, automated railroad control, water and gas distribution, etc measured by sensors, such as acoustic and video signals. The output of state estimation may include

Baras, John S.

209

TAO, Vol. 15, No. 3, 385-396, September 2004 Statistical Tests for Pre-earthquake Ionospheric Anomaly  

E-print Network

Center for Remote Sensing and Space Researches, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, ROC 4, Chung-Li, Taiwan, ROC 2 Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan, ROC 3.0 earthquakes, which occurred within 400 km of the Chung-Li ionospheric station (25°N, 121°E) in Taiwan during

Chen, Yuh-Ing

210

SYMPLECTIC NON-SQUEEZING OF THE KDV FLOW J. COLLIANDER, M. KEEL, G. STAFFILANI, H. TAKAOKA, AND T. TAO  

E-print Network

SYMPLECTIC NON-SQUEEZING OF THE KDV FLOW J. COLLIANDER, M. KEEL, G. STAFFILANI, H. TAKAOKA, AND T-squeezing property for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) flow on the circle T. The nonsqueezing result relies dimensional KdV flow by a finite-dimensional Hamiltonian flow. To resolve this problem we invert the Miura

Keel, Markus

211

Reprint from Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences TAO, Vol. 8, No. 4, 461-480, December 1997  

E-print Network

the Chilung Valley and the Mien-Hua Canyon. To its north and west, the East China Sea Shelf reveals a gentle the deep ocean to the southeast. In general, the Tunghai Shelf is seen as a broad, smooth, flat featureless. and Song, 1994) as shown in Figure 2. These include (i) the Mien-Hua Canyon, a well developed canyon

Lin, Andrew Tien-Shun

212

Multifunctional organic phototransistor-based nonvolatile memory achieved by UV/ozone treatment of the Ta?O? gate dielectric.  

PubMed

An organic phototransistor (OPT) shows nonvolatile memory effect due to its novel optical writing and electrical erasing processes. In this work, we utilize an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) as the light source to investigate OPT-based memory (OPTM) performance. It is found that the OPTM can be used as either flash memory or write-once read-many-times memory by adjusting the properties of the Ta2O5 gate dielectric layer. UV/ozone treatment is applied to effectively change dielectric properties of the Ta2O5 film. The mechanisms for this are examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and capacitance-voltage measurement. It turns out that the densities of oxygen vacancies and defects in the first 1.8 nm Ta2O5 films near the Ta2O5/semiconductor interface are reduced. Furthermore, for the first time, we use this multifunctional OPTM, which unites the photosensitive and memory properties in one single device, as an optical feedback system to tune the brightness of the OLED. Our study suggests that these OPTMs have potential applications in tuning the brightness uniformity, improving the display quality and prolonging the lifetime of flat panel displays. PMID:24813352

Liu, Xiaohui; Zhao, Haoyan; Dong, Guifang; Duan, Lian; Li, Dong; Wang, Liduo; Qiu, Yong

2014-06-11

213

CHOU SYMPOSIUM Material Modeling and Dynamic-Response Analysis of Resin-starved Cross-  

E-print Network

Compliant Composites Mica Grujicic Bhaskar Pandurangan Tao He Guruprasad Arakere William C. Bell Patrick S back- face. _____________ Mica Grujicic, Bhaskar Pandurangan, Tao He, Guruprasad Arakere, William C

Grujicic, Mica

214

Disturbances of Modulating Molecules (FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/B7, and CD40/CD40L) mRNA Expressions in the Orbital Tissue from Patients with Severe Graves' Ophthalmopathy.  

PubMed

Purpose. To evaluate the relationship between the expression of orbital tissue mRNA for FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/CD80/CD86, and CD40/CD40 and the severity of Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Material and Methods. Orbital tissue was obtained from 26 patients with GO, with mild (n = 6) or severe GO (n = 20), and 7 healthy controls. The expression of mRNA of FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/CD80/CD86, CD40/CD40L was measured by RT-PCR. TCR and CD3 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results. Higher mRNA for FoxP3 (relative expression: 1.4) and CD40 (1.27) and lower expression of CTLA-4 (0.61) were found in the GO tissues versus controls. In severe GO as compared to mild GO higher mRNA expression for FoxP3 (1.35) and CD40 (1.4) and lower expression for CTLA-4 (0.78), CD28 (0.62), and CD40L (0.56) were found. A positive correlation was found between FOXP3 mRNA and CD3 infiltration (R = 0.796, P = 0.0000001). Conclusions. The enhanced FOXP3 mRNA expression in GO samples may suggest the dysfunction of FOXP3 cells in the severe GO. The diminished mRNA expression of CTLA-4 in severe GO may indicate inadequate T regulatory function. The enhanced mRNA expression of CD40 in severe GO and negative correlation to CRP mRNA may suggest their role in the active and inactive GO. PMID:25653477

Pawlowski, Przemyslaw; Wawrusiewicz-Kurylonek, Natalia; Eckstein, Anja; Reszec, Joanna; Luczynski, Wlodzimierz; Johnson, Kristian; Kretowski, Adam; Bakunowicz-Lazarczyk, Alina; Gorska, Maria; Szamatowicz, Jacek; Chyczewski, Lech; Mysliwiec, Janusz

2015-01-01

215

Disturbances of Modulating Molecules (FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/B7, and CD40/CD40L) mRNA Expressions in the Orbital Tissue from Patients with Severe Graves' Ophthalmopathy  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To evaluate the relationship between the expression of orbital tissue mRNA for FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/CD80/CD86, and CD40/CD40 and the severity of Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Material and Methods. Orbital tissue was obtained from 26 patients with GO, with mild (n = 6) or severe GO (n = 20), and 7 healthy controls. The expression of mRNA of FOXP3, CTLA-4/CD28/CD80/CD86, CD40/CD40L was measured by RT-PCR. TCR and CD3 were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results. Higher mRNA for FoxP3 (relative expression: 1.4) and CD40 (1.27) and lower expression of CTLA-4 (0.61) were found in the GO tissues versus controls. In severe GO as compared to mild GO higher mRNA expression for FoxP3 (1.35) and CD40 (1.4) and lower expression for CTLA-4 (0.78), CD28 (0.62), and CD40L (0.56) were found. A positive correlation was found between FOXP3 mRNA and CD3 infiltration (R = 0.796, P = 0.0000001). Conclusions. The enhanced FOXP3 mRNA expression in GO samples may suggest the dysfunction of FOXP3 cells in the severe GO. The diminished mRNA expression of CTLA-4 in severe GO may indicate inadequate T regulatory function. The enhanced mRNA expression of CD40 in severe GO and negative correlation to CRP mRNA may suggest their role in the active and inactive GO. PMID:25653477

Pawlowski, Przemyslaw; Eckstein, Anja; Luczynski, Wlodzimierz; Johnson, Kristian; Kretowski, Adam; Bakunowicz-Lazarczyk, Alina; Gorska, Maria; Szamatowicz, Jacek; Chyczewski, Lech; Mysliwiec, Janusz

2015-01-01

216

Doping dependent NH3 sensing of indium oxide nanowires Daihua Zhang, Chao Li, Xiaolei Liu, Song Han, Tao Tang, and Chongwu Zhoua)  

E-print Network

-dimensional structures, such as In2O3 thin films and nanowires, have been extensively studied as chemical sens- ing was turned off not shown . The mechanism in the photoconductive In2O3 nanowires was explained in our previous

Zhou, Chongwu

217

The growth and characterization of epitaxial NbBa2TaO6 thin films on SrTiO3  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is reported that NbBa2Ta06 (NBTO) perovskite material is chemically compatible with 123 superconductors even at a processing temperature of 950 degrees Celsius. Also NBTO has moderate dielectric properties and is free from any phase transition. To our knowledge there no reports of epitaxial growth of this material. NBTO thin films were grown on (100) SrTiO3 (STO) by pulsed laser

Tadataka Morishita; Jose Kurian; Yoshihiro Takahashi

2002-01-01

218

Common basis for the mechanism of metallo and non-metallo KDO8P synthases Peng Tao a,b,1  

E-print Network

State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, United States b Department of Chemistry/MM Potential energy surface Evolution The three-dimensional structures of metal and non-metal enzymes, there are interesting cases in which the same scaffold supports both a metal and a non-metal catalyzed reaction. One

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

219

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 57, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 2633 [10] G. Tao, X. Ma, and Y. Ling, "Optimal and nonlinear decoupling con-  

E-print Network

. Cha Abstract--A limitation of the original gain-scheduling approaches is that the closed. Huang, "Adaptive wavelet neural network con- trol with hysteresis estimation for piezo-positioning mechanism," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 432­444, 2006. Simplified Rapid Switching Gain

Rotkowitz, Michael C.

220

Complete set of material constants of single domain (K, Na)(Nb, Ta)O3 single crystal and their orientation dependence.  

PubMed

A self-consistent complete set of dielectric, piezoelectric, and elastic constants for single domain Ta modified (K, Na)NbO3 (KNN) crystal was determined. This full set constant for single domain KNN-based crystals allowed the prediction of orientation dependence of the longitudinal dielectric, piezoelectric, elastic coefficients, and electromechanical coupling factors. The maximum piezoelectric and electromechanical properties were found to exist near [001] C . In addition, material constants of [001] C poled domain engineered single crystal with 4?mm symmetry were experimentally measured and compared with the calculated values. Based on this, extrinsic contribution to the piezoelectricity was estimated to be ?20%. PMID:25489119

Zheng, Limei; Li, Shiyang; Sang, Shijing; Wang, Junjun; Huo, Xiaoqing; Wang, Rui; Yuan, Zhongyuan; Cao, Wenwu

2014-11-24

221

Novel type of chimera spiral waves arising from decoupling of a diffusible component Xiaodong Tang, Tao Yang, Irving R. Epstein, Yang Liu, Yuemin Zhao, and Qingyu Gao  

E-print Network

areas are found in numerical simulations of a three-variable reaction-diffusion system with one the fast non-diffusing subsystem. The phase diagram reveals that the region of incoherent behavior "chimera," which refers to a monster with a lion's head, a sheep's body, and a snake's tail in Greek

Epstein, Irving R.

222

A Comparative Analysis of Life Situations of Rural Youth from Two Different Cultural Settings: Northern Taos County, New Mexico, and Eastern Holmes County, Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative, interpretive analysis of the social organization of contrasting groups of rural youth from New Mexico ad Ohio was approached from an ethnomethodological perspective, relying on direct observation, intensive personal interviews, and key informants to produce a broader understanding of particular youth coping with their social…

Kuvlesky, William P.

223

LANL:CPO: Los Alamos National Laboratory Impacts and Investments in Taos County LA-UR 11-02376 (2/13/13)  

E-print Network

to implement an online STEM education challenge in honor of the Laboratory's 70th Anniversary this year for education, economic development, and charitable giving programs through the LANS, LLC Community Commitment Plan. Education The Laboratory's goal in education is to enhance regional Science, Technology

224

The effect of local dipole moments on the structure and lattice dynamics of K0.98Li0.02TaO3  

SciTech Connect

We present high energy x-ray (67 keV) and neutron scattering measurements on a single crystal of K1?xLixTaO3 for which the Li content (x = 0.02) is less than xc = 0.022, the critical value below which no structural phase transitions have been reported in zero field. While the crystal lattice does remain cubic down to T = 10K under both zero-field and field-cooled (E 4 kV/cm) conditions, indications of crystal symmetry lowering are seen at TC = 63K where the Bragg peak intensity changes significantly. A strong and frequencydependent dielectric permittivity is observed at ambient pressure, a defining characteristic of relaxors. However an extensive search for static polar nanoregions, which is also widely associated with relaxor materials, detected no evidence of elastic neutron diffuse scattering between 300 K and 10 K. Neutron inelastic scattering methods were used to characterize the transverse acoustic and optic phonons (TA1 and TO1 modes) near the (200) and (002) Bragg peaks. The zone center TO1 mode softens monotonically with cooling but never reaches zero energy in either zero field or in external electric fields of up to 4 kV/cm. These results are consistent with the behavior expected for a dipolar glass in which the local polar moments are frozen and exhibit no long-range order at low temperatures.

Wen, Jinsheng [ORNL; Xu, G [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Stock, C. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Gehring, P. M. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Zhong, Zhaopeng [ORNL; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Venturini, E. L. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Samara, G. A. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

2008-01-01

225

Sevoflurane-Induced Structural Changes in a Four-R-Helix Bundle Protein Ravindernath Pidikiti, Tao Zhang, Krishna M. G. Mallela, Mohammad Shamim,| Konda S. Reddy, and  

E-print Network

*,,§, Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Biochemistry and Biophysics, and Internal Medicine for this approach is supported by the evidence that the plasma membrane-embedded regions of proteins-mail: JohanssJ@uphs.upenn.edu. Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Uni- versity

Mallela, Krishna M. G.

226

Chemical gating of In2O3 nanowires by organic and biomolecules Chao Li, Bo Lei, Daihua Zhang, Xiaolei Liu, Song Han, Tao Tang, Mahsa Rouhanizadeh,  

E-print Network

molecules such as butylamine, donated electrons to In2O3 nanowires and thus led to enhanced carrier and after exposure to butylamine. Inset: SEM image of the device. c I­Vg curves recorded before and afte

Zhou, Chongwu

227

Beale&PollackUSQRPaperOctober2010(rev13Sept10) Page1 The Great Commandment, Tao, and the Survival of Humanity  

E-print Network

of Archimedes, technological and scientific progress have been intimately linked with warfare. This reached an apotheosis with the development of nuclear weapons, which gave human beings for the first time a technology questionable. It used to be asserted that a full-scale nuclear war might eliminate life on earth. However what

Pollack, Robert

228

Experimental Realization of an Optical One-Way Barrier for Neutral Atoms Jeremy J. Thorn, Elizabeth A. Schoene, Tao Li, and Daniel A. Steck  

E-print Network

but reflected from the other, is a realization of Maxwell's demon and has important implications for cooling of Maxwell's demon [7,11­13]. In this thought-experiment, the demon manipulates a trapdoor in a wall dividing a container of gas. The demon could use the trapdoor as a one-way barrier to reduce the space occupied

Steck, Daniel A.

229

18. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 Detail sheet - Taos Indian Health Center, 0.3 mile south-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM

230

15. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 First Floor - plumbing - Taos Indian Health Center, 0.3 mile south-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM

231

16 Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16 Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 first floor mechanical plan - heating - Taos Indian Health Center, 0.3 mile south-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM

232

17. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, NY, 1934 Elevations - Taos Indian Health Center, 0.3 mile south-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM

233

14. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Photocopy of architectural drawing (from Albuquerque Area Indian Health Service, Division of Health Facilities, Albuquerque, New Mexico) Mayers, Murray, and Phillip, Architects, New York, N&, 1934 Foundation Plan - Taos Indian Health Center, 0.3 mile south-southwest of Pueblos Plaza, Taos Pueblo, Taos County, NM

234

A New Generation of Tactical Action Officer Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stottler Henke is developing for the US Navy's Surface Warfare Officer's School (SWOS) a new generation of Tactical Action Officer (TAO) Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), interfaced to the Generic Reconfigurable Training System (GRTS). The GRTS TAO ITS allows TAO students to interact naturally using spoken language to command and query simulated entities corresponding to other crew members and off-ship personnel.

Richard Stottler; Susan Panichas

2006-01-01

235

Adler, R. F., H.-Y. M. Yeh, N. Prasad, W.-K. Tao, and J. Simpson, 1991: Microwave simulations of a tropical rainfall system with a three-dimensional cloud model. J.  

E-print Network

. Meteor. Soc., 199-200. Black, R. A., 1990: Radar reflectivity-ice water content relationships for use observations. J. Appl. Meteor., 39, 2071­2079. Braun, S. A., 2004: High-resolution simulation of Hurricane profile retrieval from a spaceborne radar. IEEE Trans., GE-31, 417­425. Anagnostou E. N., C. A. Morales

Jiang, Haiyan

236

Questa baseline and pre-mining ground-water quality investigation. 14. Interpretation of ground-water geochemistry in catchments other than the Straight Creek catchment, Red River Valley, Taos County, New Mexico, 2002-2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New Mexico Environment Department, is investigating the pre-mining ground-water chemistry at the Molycorp molybdenum mine in the Red River Valley, New Mexico. The primary approach is to determine the processes controlling ground-water chemistry at an unmined, off-site but proximal analog. The Straight Creek catchment, chosen for this purpose, consists of the same Tertiary-age quartz-sericite-pyrite altered andesite and rhyolitic volcanics as the mine site. Straight Creek is about 5 kilometers east of the eastern boundary of the mine site. Both Straight Creek and the mine site are at approximately the same altitude, face south, and have the same climatic conditions. Thirteen wells in the proximal analog drainage catchment were sampled for ground-water chemistry. Eleven wells were installed for this study and two existing wells at the Advanced Waste-Water Treatment (AWWT) facility were included in this study. Eight wells were sampled outside the Straight Creek catchment: one each in the Hansen, Hottentot, and La Bobita debris fans, four in a well cluster in upper Capulin Canyon (three in alluvial deposits and one in bedrock), and an existing well at the U.S. Forest Service Questa Ranger Station in Red River alluvial deposits. Two surface waters from the Hansen Creek catchment and two from the Hottentot drainage catchment also were sampled for comparison to ground-water compositions. In this report, these samples are evaluated to determine if the geochemical interpretations from the Straight Creek ground-water geochemistry could be extended to other ground waters in the Red River Valley , including the mine site. Total-recoverable major cations and trace metals and dissolved major cations, selected trace metals, anions, alkalinity; and iron-redox species were determined for all surface- and ground-water samples. Rare-earth elements and low-level As, Bi, Mo, Rb, Re, Sb, Se, Te, Th, U, Tl, V, W, Y, and Zr were determined on selected samples. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), mercury, sulfate stable isotope composition (d34S and d18O of sulfate), stable isotope composition of water (d2H and d18O of water) were measured for selected samples. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) and 3He and 3H were measured for age dating on selected samples. Linear regressions from the Straight Creek ground-water data were used to compare ground-water chemistry trends in non-Straight Creek ground waters with Straight Creek alluvial ground-water chemistry dilution trends. Most of the solute trends for the ground waters are similar to those for Straight Creek but there are some notable exceptions. In lithologies that contain substantial pyrite mineralization, acid waters form with similar chemistries to those in Straight Creek and all the waters tend to be calcium-sulfate type. Hottentot ground waters contain substantially lower calcium concentrations relative to those in Straight Creek. This anomaly results from the exposure of rhyolite porphyry in the Hottentot scar and weathering zone. The rhyolite contains less calcium than the altered andesites and tuffs in the Straight Creek catchment and probably does not have the abundant gypsum and calcite. The Hansen ground waters have reached gypsum saturation and have similar calcium, magnesium, and beryllium concentrations as Straight Creek ground waters but have lower concentrations of fluoride, manganese, zinc, cobalt, nickel, copper, and lithium. Lower concentrations of elements related to mineralization at Hansen likely reflect the more distal location of Hansen with respect to intrusive centers that provided the heat source for hydrothermal alteration. The other ground water with water chemistry trends that are outside the Straight Creek trends was from an alluvial well from Capulin Canyon (CC2A). Although it had pH values near 6.0 and most major ions similar to the other Capulin Canyon ground waters, it contained high concentrations

Nordstrom, D. Kirk; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Hunt, Andrew G.; Naus, Cheryl A.

2005-01-01

237

Questa Baseline and Pre-Mining Ground-Water Quality Investigation. 24. Seismic Refraction Tomography for Volume Analysis of Saturated Alluvium in the Straight Creek Drainage and Its Confluence With Red River, Taos County, New Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of a research effort directed by the New Mexico Environment Department to determine pre-mining water quality of the Red River at a molybdenum mining site in northern New Mexico, we used seismic refraction tomography to create subsurface compressional-wave velocity images along six lines that crossed the Straight Creek drainage and three that crossed the valley of Red River. Field work was performed in June 2002 (lines 1-4) and September 2003 (lines 5-9). We interpreted the images to determine depths to the water table and to the top of bedrock. Depths to water and bedrock in boreholes near the lines correlate well with our interpretations based on seismic data. In general, the images suggest that the alluvium in this area has a trapezoidal cross section. Using a U.S. Geological Survey digital elevation model grid of surface elevations of this region and the interpreted elevations to water table and bedrock obtained from the seismic data, we generated new models of the shape of the buried bedrock surface and the water table through surface interpolation and extrapolation. Then, using elevation differences between the two grids, we calculated volumes of dry and wet alluvium in the two drainages. The Red River alluvium is about 51 percent saturated, whereas the much smaller volume of alluvium in the tributary Straight Creek is only about 18 percent saturated. When combined with average ground-water velocity values, the information we present can be used to determine discharge of Straight Creek into Red River relative to the total discharge of Red River moving past Straight Creek. This information will contribute to more accurate models of ground-water flow, which are needed to determine the pre-mining water quality in the Red River.

Powers, Michael H.; Burton, Bethany L.

2007-01-01

238

A-SITE-AND/OR B-SITE-MODIFIED PBZRTIO3 MATERIALS AND (PB, SR, CA, BA, MG) (ZR, TI,NB, TA)O3 FILMS HAVING UTILITY IN FERROELECTRIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORIES AND HIGH PERFORMANCE THIN FILM MICROACTUATORS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A modified PbZrTiO.sub.3 perovskite crystal material thin film, wherein the PbZrTiO.sub.3 perovskite crystal material includes crystal lattice A-sites and B-sites at least one of which is modified by the presence of a substituent selected from the group consisting of (i) A-site substituents consisting of Sr, Ca, Ba and Mg, and (ii) B-site substituents selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta. The perovskite crystal thin film material may be formed by liquid delivery MOCVD from metalorganic precursors of the metal components of the thin film, to form PZT and PSZT, and other piezoelectric and ferroelectric thin film materials. The thin films of the invention have utility in non-volatile ferroelectric memory devices (NV-FeRAMs), and in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) as sensor and/or actuator elements, e.g., high speed digital system actuators requiring low input power levels.

Roeder, Jeffrey F. (Inventor); Chen, Ing-Shin (Inventor); Bilodeau, Steven (Inventor); Baum, Thomas H. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

239

SDI: Solar Dome Instrument for Solar Irradiance Monitoring Tao Liu1, Ankur U. Kamthe1, Varick L. Erickson1, Carlos F. M. Coimbra2 and Alberto E. Cerpa1  

E-print Network

], which is the portion of the total solar irradiation that is most useful for solar concentrators. Solar concentrators that can concentrate in excess of 500 times the solar flux are currently considered the most

Cerpa, Alberto E.

240

Treatment of antipsychotic-associated obesity with a GLP-1 receptor agonist—protocol for an investigator-initiated prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded intervention study: the TAO study protocol  

PubMed Central

Introduction Antipsychotic medication is widely associated with dysmetabolism including obesity and type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular-related diseases and early death. Obesity is considered the single most important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Interventions against antipsychotic-associated obesity are limited and insufficient. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but their bodyweight-lowering effects have also been recognised in patients with non-diabetes. The primary endpoint of this trial is weight loss after 3?months of treatment with a GLP-1 receptor agonist (exenatide once weekly) in patients with non-diabetic schizophrenia with antipsychotic-associated obesity. Secondary endpoints include physiological and metabolic measurements, various psychopathological and cognitive measures, and structural and functional brain MRI. Methods and analysis 40 obese patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder treated with antipsychotic drugs will be randomised to subcutaneous injection of exenatide once weekly (2?mg) or placebo for 3?months, adjunctive to their antipsychotic treatment. Ethics and dissemination The trial has been approved by the Danish Health and Medicines Authority, the National Committee on Health Research Ethics and the Danish Data Protection Agency. Trial participation presupposes theoral and written patient informed consent. An external, independent monitoring committee (Good Clinical Practice Unit at Copenhagen University Hospital) will monitor the study according to the GCP Guidelines. Trial data, including positive, negative and inconclusive results, will be presented at national and international scientific meetings and conferences. Papers will be submitted to peer-reviewed journals. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01794429; National Committee on Health Research Ethics project number: 36378; EudraCT nr: 2012-005404-17; The Danish Data Protection Agency project number: RHP-2012-027. PMID:24401727

Ishøy, Pelle L; Knop, Filip K; Broberg, Brian V; Baandrup, Lone; Fagerlund, Birgitte; Jørgensen, Niklas R; Andersen, Ulrik B; Rostrup, Egill; Glenthøj, Birte Y; Ebdrup, Bjørn H

2014-01-01

241

Characterization of a Self-sufficient Trans-Anethole Oxygenase from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1  

PubMed Central

A novel flavoprotein monooxygenase, trans-anethole oxygenase (TAO), from Pseudomonas putida JYR-1, which is capable of catalyzing the oxidation of trans-anethole to p-anisaldehyde, was heterologously expressed in E. coli and purified. Enzymatic kinetics of diverse substrates and cofactors revealed that TAO is likely to be a novel self-sufficient flavoprotein monooxygenase. Enzyme assays of GST-TAO demonstrated that TAO catalyzed a trans-anethole oxidation reaction without auxiliary component enzyme-like electron-transfer flavin reductases. The single component TAO had the ability to reduce flavin cofactors and simultaneously oxidize trans-anthole to p-anisaldehyde. In the processes of reduction of flavin and oxidation of trans-anethole, TAO accepted various flavin and NAD(P)H cofactors. TAO also catalyzed oxidation of isoeugenol, O-methyl isoeugenol, and isosafrole, all of which contain the 2-propenyl functional group on the aromatic ring structure with different catalytic efficiency. TAO had the greatest catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) with the original substrate, trans-anethole. Investigation about partially deleted mutants of TAO indicated that reductase active sites appeared to be located near the N terminal. Site directed mutagenesis studies also proved that the proposed flavin binding sites, Trp-38, Thr-43, Tyr-55, were critical for flavin reduction. However, disruption of any portion of TAO eliminated the oxygenase activity. PMID:24066043

Han, Dongfei; Sadowsky, Michael J.; Chong, Youhoon; Hur, Hor-Gil

2013-01-01

242

Purification and kinetic characterization of recombinant alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions in the African trypanosomes as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase, which is essential for their survival in the mammalian host and as it does not exist in the mammalian host is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in a haem-deficient Escherichia

Yasutoshi Kido; Kimitoshi Sakamoto; Kosuke Nakamura; Michiyo Harada; Takashi Suzuki; Yoshisada Yabu; Hiroyuki Saimoto; Fumiyuki Yamakura; Daijiro Ohmori; Anthony Moore; Shigeharu Harada; Kiyoshi Kita

2010-01-01

243

NEW MEXICO SCHOOL OF MINES STATE BUREAU OF MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES  

E-print Network

and Economic Features of the Pegmatites of Taos and Rio Arriba Counties, New Mexico By EVAN JUST SOCORRO, N. M ----------------------------------------------------------------- 24 Agua Caliente gabbro ------------------------------------------------------- 25 Pegmatites

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

244

Thermal Acoustic Oscillation: Causes, Detection, Analysis, and Prevention  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal Acoustic Oscillations (TAO) can occur in cryogenic systems and produce significant sources of heat. This source of heat can increase the boil off rate of cryogenic propellants in spacecraft storage tanks and reduce mission life. This paper discusses the causes of TAO, how it can be detected, what analyses can be done to predict it, and how to prevent it from occurring.The paper provides practical insight into what can aggravate instability, practical methods for mitigation, and when TAO does not occur. A real life example of a cryogenic system with an unexpected heat source is discussed, along with how TAO was confirmed and eliminated.

Christie, R. J.; Hartwig, J. W.

2014-01-01

245

Stickler syndrome, ocular-only variants and a key diagnostic role for the ophthalmologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

The entity described by Gunnar Stickler, which included hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy associated with retinal detachment, has recently been recognised to consist of a number of subgroups, which might now more correctly be referred to as the Stickler syndromes. They are the most common clinical manifestation of the type II\\/XI collagenopathies and are the most common cause of inherited rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

M P Snead; A M McNinch; A V Poulson; P Bearcroft; B Silverman; P Gomersall; V Parfect; A J Richards

2011-01-01

246

Contemporary antimicrobial activity of triple antibiotic ointment: a multiphased study of recent clinical isolates in the United States and Australia.  

PubMed

Triple antibiotic ointment (TAO) containing neomycin, polymyxin B, and bacitracin was launched in the 1950s in the United States (USA) as a prescription product and then was used over the counter (OTC) since the 1970s (USA) to prevent superficial wound infections. In Australia, TAO has been restricted to prescription use. This study 1) determined cross-resistance patterns of neomycin compared with other aminoglycosides; 2) determined the level and trend of resistance to TAO and individual components especially versus mupirocin-resistant strains (USA); and 3) established the baseline TAO activity level against pathogens from Australia. A total of 200 strains (> or =50% gentamicin-resistant) from the United States were used for the cross-resistance study including Staphylococcus aureus (110), coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS; 50), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10), Escherichia coli (20), and other Enterobacteriaceae (10) tested against TAO, bacitracin, polymyxin B, neomycin, amikacin, gentamicin, streptomycin, tobramycin, and mupirocin. Fifty gentamicin-resistant isolates from each year (1997-2002) were used to determine the activity of TAO over time. Baseline resistance rates of TAO among 300 Australian isolates (AGARS Program, 2002-2003) were also studied. Reference broth microdilution methods were used in all phases of this study. At a 1:100 dilution of the ointment concentration, TAO inhibited all CoNS, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacteriaceae isolates, and resistance to TAO among Staphylococcus aureus at this concentration was only 5% in the cross-resistance study. Patterns of susceptibility in the United States did not significantly vary from 1997 to 2002. Australian pathogens showed that TAO was 98% active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and 100% for Enterobacteriaceae, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus, CoNS, and P. aeruginosa, the rates equivalent to those observed in the United States. Mupirocin-resistant S. aureus (5%) and CoNS (47%) were all TAO-susceptible. All Gram-negative species were also mupirocin-resistant, but inhibited by neomycin and/or polymyxin B components of TAO. In conclusion, aminoglycoside resistance patterns differ significantly, and none of the commonly tested agents could accurately predict neomycin resistance. TAO resistance was rare in the United States after extensive OTC use and was not adversely influenced by decades of parenteral aminoglycoside use. Australian surveillance showed high levels of TAO susceptibility in sampled isolates as a baseline for possible OTC availability. TAO maintains a wider spectrum of activity compared with mupirocin and was usable against mupirocin-resistant Gram-positive strains. PMID:16368476

Jones, Ronald N; Li, Qing; Kohut, Bruce; Biedenbach, Douglas J; Bell, Jan; Turnidge, John D

2006-01-01

247

Formation, Dynamics, and Impact of Plasmaspheric Plumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Workshop on Plasmaspheric Drainage Plumes, Taos, New Mexico, 9-13 October 2006 Plasmaspheric plumes result from erosion of the plasmasphere. The Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) Workshop on Plasmaspheric Drainage Plumes was convened in Taos, N. M., on 9-13 October 2006 to examine outstanding questions about the formation and dynamics of plumes, and the impact of plumes on the

Jerry Goldstein; Joseph Borovsky; John Foster; Donald Carpenter

2007-01-01

248

Tidal perturbations and variability in the mesopause region over Fort Collins, CO (41N, 105W): Continuous multi-day temperature and wind  

E-print Network

Tidal perturbations and variability in the mesopause region over Fort Collins, CO (41N, 105W): Continuous multi-day temperature and wind lidar observations C. Y. She, Tao Li, Richard L. Collins,1 Tao Yuan Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Han-Li Liu and Maura E. Hagan High

249

Ground-Based Solar Absorption FTIR Spectroscopy: Characterization of Retrievals and First Results from a Novel Optical Design Instrument at a New NDACC  

E-print Network

, Canada N. B. JONES AND D. W. T. GRIFFITH Department of Chemistry, University of Wollongong, Wollongong serves as the primary instrument at the University of Toronto Atmospheric Observatory (TAO). The FTS of both measurement platforms. 1. Introduction The University of Toronto Atmospheric Observatory (TAO) has

Strong, Kimberly

250

76 FR 68332 - International Fisheries; Pacific Tuna Fisheries; Fishing Restrictions in the Eastern Pacific Ocean  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...maintained by NOAA's Office of Climate Observations at http://osmc...NOAA PMEL Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) project fully supports...The eastern tropical Pacific Ocean TAO data buoys experience the...western and central Pacific Ocean (WCPO), but fishing has...

2011-11-04

251

Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms  

E-print Network

Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor aan de-DATA LIBRARY TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITEIT EINDHOVEN Jiang, Tao Stark spectroscopy on rare gas atoms / by Tao Jiang / gasontladingen Subject headings : plasma diagnostics / Stark effect / optogalvanic spectroscopy / atomic emission

Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

252

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey: The Multi-Telescope Robotic Observatory  

E-print Network

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) operates four fully automatic telescopes to search for occultations of stars by Kuiper Belt Objects. It is a versatile facility that is also useful for the study of initial optical GRB afterglows. This paper provides a detailed description of the TAOS multi-telescope system, control software, and high-speed imaging.

M. J. Lehner; C. -Y. Wen; J. -H. Wang; S. L. Marshall; M. E. Schwamb; Z. -W. Zhang; F. B. Bianco; J. Giammarco; R. Porrata; C. Alcock; T. Axelrod; Y. -I. Byun; W. P. Chen; K. H. Cook; R. Dave; S. -K. King; T. Lee; H. -C. Lin; S. -Y. Wang

2009-03-16

253

A UML Based Approach for Modeling and Implementing Multi-Agent Systems  

E-print Network

-ML extends the UML meta-model describing new meta-classes and stereotypes, extending the class and sequence-ML diagrams to Java implementations. TAO defines the static aspects and dynamic aspects of MAS. The static and specialization relationships. The dynamic aspects of TAO are directly related to the relationships between

Endler, Markus

254

Michael Naranjo, The Story of an American Indian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Michael Naranjo is a Pueblo Indian who, after much searching, has become a talented sculptor. The son of a Baptist minister, Michael grew up observing nature and exploring the countryside around Santa Clara (New Mexico), his birthplace. When he was nine, his family moved to Taos, where he watched the ceremonies of the Taos Pueblos with…

Nelson, Mary Carroll

255

An assessment of buoy-derived and numerical weather prediction surface heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the Eastern Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes program, from 2000 through 2003, the easternmost 95°W Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) moorings were enhanced to provide time series of net surface heat flux, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ship maintaining the 95°W and 110°W TAO lines was enhanced to monitor surface heat fluxes and atmospheric boundary layer

Meghan F. Cronin; Christopher W. Fairall; Michael J. McPhaden

2006-01-01

256

Mining Uncertain and Probabilistic Data  

E-print Network

· A sensor may to some extent be sensitive to properties (e.g., temperature) other than the one being;J. Pei, M. Hua, Y. Tao, and X. Lin: Mining Uncertain and Probabilistic Data 2 Outline · Uncertainty and discussion #12;J. Pei, M. Hua, Y. Tao, and X. Lin: Mining Uncertain and Probabilistic Data 3 Uncertainty

Pei, Jian

257

Adoptive autoimmune hyperthyroidism following allogeneic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-identical sibling with Graves’ disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autoimmune diseases which follow allogeneic BMT from a donor who is a patient or a carrier of an autoimmune condition are considered to be a paradigm of adoptive autoimmunity. Seven cases of autoimmune thyroiditis associated with clinical hyperthyroidism have been published to date. In the case reported here a 35-year-old female patient with AML of the M2 subtype received unmanipulated

GA Berisso; MT van Lint; A Bacigalupo; AM Marmont

1999-01-01

258

Purification and kinetic characterization of recombinant alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei.  

PubMed

The trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions in the African trypanosomes as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase, which is essential for their survival in the mammalian host and as it does not exist in the mammalian host is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in a haem-deficient Escherichia coli strain has been solubilized from E. coli membranes and purified to homogeneity in a stable and highly active form. Analysis of bound iron detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) reveals a stoichiometry of two bound iron atoms per monomer of rTAO. Confirmation that the rTAO was indeed a diiron protein was obtained by EPR analysis which revealed a signal, in the reduced forms of rTAO, with a g-value of 15. The kinetics of ubiquiol-1 oxidation by purified rTAO showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics (K(m) of 338microM and V(max) of 601micromol/min/mg), whereas ubiquinol-2 oxidation showed unusual substrate inhibition. The specific inhibitor, ascofuranone, inhibited the enzyme in a mixed-type inhibition manner with respect to ubiquinol-1. PMID:20056101

Kido, Yasutoshi; Sakamoto, Kimitoshi; Nakamura, Kosuke; Harada, Michiyo; Suzuki, Takashi; Yabu, Yoshisada; Saimoto, Hiroyuki; Yamakura, Fumiyuki; Ohmori, Daijiro; Moore, Anthony; Harada, Shigeharu; Kita, Kiyoshi

2010-04-01

259

Thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory with generalized-gradient approximations  

SciTech Connect

We extend the recently proposed thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory (TAO-DFT) [J.-D. Chai, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 154104 (2012)] to generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation density functionals. Relative to our previous TAO-LDA (i.e., the local density approximation to TAO-DFT), the resulting TAO-GGAs are significantly superior for a wide range of applications, such as thermochemistry, kinetics, and reaction energies. For noncovalent interactions, TAO-GGAs with empirical dispersion corrections are shown to yield excellent performance. Due to their computational efficiency for systems with strong static correlation effects, TAO-LDA and TAO-GGAs are applied to study the electronic properties (e.g., the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, vertical electron affinities, fundamental gaps, and symmetrized von Neumann entropy) of acenes with different number of linearly fused benzene rings (up to 100), which is very challenging for conventional electronic structure methods. The ground states of acenes are shown to be singlets for all the chain lengths studied here. With the increase of acene length, the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, and fundamental gaps decrease monotonically, while the vertical electron affinities and symmetrized von Neumann entropy (i.e., a measure of polyradical character) increase monotonically.

Chai, Jeng-Da, E-mail: jdchai@phys.ntu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, Center for Theoretical Sciences, and Center for Quantum Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Physics, Center for Theoretical Sciences, and Center for Quantum Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-14

260

Thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory with generalized-gradient approximations.  

PubMed

We extend the recently proposed thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory (TAO-DFT) [J.-D. Chai, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 154104 (2012)] to generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation density functionals. Relative to our previous TAO-LDA (i.e., the local density approximation to TAO-DFT), the resulting TAO-GGAs are significantly superior for a wide range of applications, such as thermochemistry, kinetics, and reaction energies. For noncovalent interactions, TAO-GGAs with empirical dispersion corrections are shown to yield excellent performance. Due to their computational efficiency for systems with strong static correlation effects, TAO-LDA and TAO-GGAs are applied to study the electronic properties (e.g., the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, vertical electron affinities, fundamental gaps, and symmetrized von Neumann entropy) of acenes with different number of linearly fused benzene rings (up to 100), which is very challenging for conventional electronic structure methods. The ground states of acenes are shown to be singlets for all the chain lengths studied here. With the increase of acene length, the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, and fundamental gaps decrease monotonically, while the vertical electron affinities and symmetrized von Neumann entropy (i.e., a measure of polyradical character) increase monotonically. PMID:24832329

Chai, Jeng-Da

2014-05-14

261

Thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory with generalized-gradient approximations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the recently proposed thermally-assisted-occupation density functional theory (TAO-DFT) [J.-D. Chai, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 154104 (2012)] to generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) exchange-correlation density functionals. Relative to our previous TAO-LDA (i.e., the local density approximation to TAO-DFT), the resulting TAO-GGAs are significantly superior for a wide range of applications, such as thermochemistry, kinetics, and reaction energies. For noncovalent interactions, TAO-GGAs with empirical dispersion corrections are shown to yield excellent performance. Due to their computational efficiency for systems with strong static correlation effects, TAO-LDA and TAO-GGAs are applied to study the electronic properties (e.g., the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, vertical electron affinities, fundamental gaps, and symmetrized von Neumann entropy) of acenes with different number of linearly fused benzene rings (up to 100), which is very challenging for conventional electronic structure methods. The ground states of acenes are shown to be singlets for all the chain lengths studied here. With the increase of acene length, the singlet-triplet energy gaps, vertical ionization potentials, and fundamental gaps decrease monotonically, while the vertical electron affinities and symmetrized von Neumann entropy (i.e., a measure of polyradical character) increase monotonically.

Chai, Jeng-Da

2014-05-01

262

Osteoarthritis at Young Age, a Diagnostic Challenge: A Case of Stickler Syndrome  

PubMed Central

A young woman presents with severe polyarticular osteoarthritis with relevant family history potentially suggesting a hereditary disease. Previously, the patient’s mother had been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and reported to have suffered from some locomotor problems. Careful clinical evaluation with an extensive personal and familial history pointed towards a diagnosis of Stickler syndrome, an autosomal dominant condition with progressive arthro-ophthalmopathy, (early osteoarthritis and myopia). Following this timely diagnosis, genetic counselling was offered.

de Wergifosse, Isabelle; Westhovens, Rene

2014-01-01

263

A-site- and/or B-site-modified PbZrTiO3 materials and (Pb, Sr, Ca, Ba, Mg) (Zr, Ti, Nb, Ta)O3 films having utility in ferroelectric random access memories and high performance thin film microactuators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A modified PbZrTiO.sub.3 perovskite crystal material thin film, wherein the PbZrTiO.sub.3 perovskite crystal material includes crystal lattice A-sites and B-sites at least one of which is modified by the presence of a substituent selected from the group consisting of (i) A-site substituents consisting of Sr, Ca, Ba and Mg, and (ii) B-site substituents selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta. The perovskite crystal thin film material may be formed by liquid delivery MOCVD from metalorganic precursors of the metal components of the thin film, to form PZT and PSZT, and other piezoelectric and ferroelectric thin film materials. The thin films of the invention have utility in non-volatile ferroelectric memory devices (NV-FeRAMs), and in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) as sensor and/or actuator elements, e.g., high speed digital system actuators requiring low input power levels.

Roeder, Jeffrey F. (Inventor); Chen, Ing-Shin (Inventor); Bilodeau, Steven (Inventor); Baum, Thomas H. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

264

Treatment modalities of thyroid related orbitopathy  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim was to highlight recent advances in the treatment of thyroid eye disease. Settings and Design: Review article. Materials and Methods: Existing literature and the authors’ experience was reviewed. Results: Thyroid ophthalmopathy is a disfiguring and vision-threatening complication of autoimmune thyroid disease that may develop or persist even in the setting of well-controlled systemic thyroid status. Treatment response can be difficult to predict, and optimized algorithms for disease management do not exist. Thyroid ophthalmopathy should be graded for both severity and disease activity before choosing a treatment modality for each patient. The severity of the disease may not correlate directly with the activity; medical treatment is most effective in active disease, and surgery is usually reserved for quiescent disease with persistent proptosis and/or eyelid changes. Conclusions: Intravenous pulsed corticosteroids, orbital radiotherapy, and orbital surgical techniques form the mainstay of current management of thyroid ophthalmopathy. Immunosuppressive and biologic agents may have a role in treating active disease although additional safety and efficacy studies are needed. PMID:25449934

Ahn, Eric S; Subramanian, Prem S

2014-01-01

265

Silver Nanocrystals DOI: 10.1002/anie.200601277  

E-print Network

of polyhedral nanocrystals. We synthesized monodisperse colloidal solutions of silver nanocrystals with regularSilver Nanocrystals DOI: 10.1002/anie.200601277 Polyhedral Silver Nanocrystals with Distinct Scattering Signatures** Andrea Tao, Prasert Sinsermsuksakul, and Peidong Yang* Subwavelength silver

Yang, Peidong

266

Growth, Characterization, and Properties of Co/Re Superlattices  

E-print Network

and energy spent on this dissertation. I would also like to acknowledge Erie Morales and Hong Tao Shi for perfection. Thank you all. #12;v Contents Chapter 1 Introduction 1 2 Background 3 2.1 Brief History

Myers, Tom

267

Long arithmetic progressions of primes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an article for a general mathematical audience on the author's work, joint with Terence Tao, establishing that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of primes. It is based on several one hour lectures, chiefly given at British universities.

Ben Green

2005-01-01

268

Derivation of Newton's Law of Gravitation Based on a Fluid Mechanical Singularity Model of Particles  

E-print Network

We speculate that the universe may be filled with a kind of fluid which may be called aether or tao. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation is derived by methods of hydrodynamics based on a sink flow model of particles.

Xiao-Song Wang

2005-06-07

269

Numero d'ordre: 2013-ISAL-Year 2013 INDOOR RADIO PROPAGATION MODELING FOR  

E-print Network

, Anya, Ga¨elle, Sandesh, Anis, Leonardo, Yuangyuang, Lusheng, Fuda, Zhaowu, Tao, Jin, Yuxin, Diala express my special thanks to Yufang, Paul and Fuda for helping me manage the PhD registration and rent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

BLOOD CHARACTERIZATION FROM PULSATILE BIOIMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY  

E-print Network

BLOOD CHARACTERIZATION FROM PULSATILE BIOIMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY Tao Dai Systems and Computer of blood using three measuring frequencies. Characterization of blood bioimpedance properties; however, Current bioimpedance spectroscopy measurements of blood are ei- ther in vitro[6

Adler, Andy

271

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: August 1997 through August 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from August 1997 through August 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-08-01

272

El Nino-La Nina Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: Jan. 1997 through Nov. 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from January 1997 through November 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-11-23

273

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: June 1997 through June 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from June 1997 through June 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-06-11

274

El Nino-La Nina Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: January 1997 through March 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from January 1997 through March 1999 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1999-04-01

275

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: July 1997 through August 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from July 1997 through August 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-08-20

276

El Nino-La Nina Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: Jan. 1997 through Febr. 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from January 1997 through February 1999 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1999-04-01

277

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Sea Temperature and Height: January 1997 through March 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature, sea surface height, and sea temperature at depth in the Pacific Ocean from January 1997 through March 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-03-20

278

El Nino-La Nina Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: Jan. 1997 through Nov. 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from July 1997 through November 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-11-23

279

El Nino-La Nina Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: Jan. 1997 through Dec. 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from January 1997 through December 1999 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1999-12-21

280

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: September 1997 through July 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from September 1997 through July 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-07-01

281

El Nino-La Nina Cross-section of Sea Temperature and Height: July 1997 through November 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature, sea surface height, and sea temperature at depth in the Pacific Ocean from July 1997 through November 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-11-23

282

Probing the Pareto frontier for basis pursuit solutions  

E-print Network

able to give an explicit expression for its derivative. .... With this expression of the conjugate .... to measure the quality of an approximate solution ¯x? . ...... [10] E. J. Cand`es, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, Robust uncertainty principles: exact signal .... [

E. van den Berg and M. P. Friedlander

2008-05-29

283

Democritus as Taoist  

E-print Network

While similarities do naturally exist between tao and other philosophical systems, for the specific case of Democritus we can argue also the chronological parallels, the parallels in the posterior development (alchemy and mathematics) and the textual parallelism.

Rivero, A

2003-01-01

284

Security Lab Series Introduction to Web Technologies  

E-print Network

Security Lab Series Introduction to Web Technologies Prof. Lixin Tao Pace University http...........................................................................................................................................1 1.1 Web ArchitectureScript..................................................................................16 4.6 Creating Your First JavaServer Page Web Application

Tao, Lixin

285

75 FR 2889 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Insulating Material Co., Ltd., Shenzhen, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA; Lenovo, Quarry Bay, HONG KONG- CHINA; and Quanta Computer Inc., Tao Yuan Shien, TAIWAN, have been added as parties to this venture. Also, Agile Software...

2010-01-19

286

78 FR 42976 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Laboratories, Rockville, MD, have been added as parties to this venture. Also, Foxconn, Taipei Hsien, TAIWAN; and Quanta Computer, Tao Yuan Shine, TAIWAN, have withdrawn as parties to this venture. In addition, Tyco Electronic,...

2013-07-18

287

Regulation of activity-dependent protein synthesis in dendrites  

E-print Network

Pain, together with University of Toronto (Faculty of Medicine,pain genes • Mikito Kawamata (Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine,Pain 2006, 2:38 • Yuanxiang Tao (Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine,

Tang, Shao-Jun

2006-01-01

288

AUTOMATED, ACCURATE, AND INEXPENSIVE SOLUTION-PREPARATION ON A DIGITAL MICROFLUIDIC BIOCHIP*  

E-print Network

AUTOMATED, ACCURATE, AND INEXPENSIVE SOLUTION- PREPARATION ON A DIGITAL MICROFLUIDIC BIOCHIP* Tao propose an electrowetting-based "digital" microfluidic biochip design for automated solution automated solution- preparation algorithm and biochip platform are evaluated using a protein

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

289

Albuquerque ROCKYMOUNTAINS  

E-print Network

Taos Gallup Roswell Santa Rosa Hobbs Grants Deming Socorro Santa Fe Carlsbad Las Cruces Silver City Clovis Roswell Carlsbad Silver City Socorro Albuquerque Gallup Santa Fe Aztec Fort Sumner Las Cruces

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

290

APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, July 2004, p. 38143820 Vol. 70, No. 7 0099-2240/04/$08.00 0 DOI: 10.1128/AEM.70.7.38143820.2004  

E-print Network

-Monooxygenase of Pseudomonas mendocina KR1 and Toluene 3-Monooxygenase of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1 Ying Tao,1) of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1, and toluene ortho-monooxygenase (TOM) of Burkholderia cepacia G4 convert benzene

Wood, Thomas K.

291

Pimecrolimus Topical  

MedlinePLUS

... Norvir); isoniazid (INH, Nydrazid); metronidazole (Flagyl); nefazodone; oral contraceptives (birth control pills); other ointments, creams, or lotions; troleandomycin (TAO); and zafirlukast (Accolate). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or ...

292

David A. Randall Personal data  

E-print Network

, 2001; Bjerknes Lecturer, Fall AGU Meeting, 2001; Cermak Out- standing Graduate Advisor Award, 1999 University, 2005; Robert D. Cess Distinguished TAOS Seminar Speaker, 2005; NASA Group Achievement Award, 2003

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

293

Last modified 14 March 2013 Micro/Nanofabrication Facility  

E-print Network

Last modified 14 March 2013 Micro/Nanofabrication Facility Cleanroom Training Staff: Tao Shang chemical work include: A) Mask Aligner isolation tables (uFab lithography side and nanoFab side) B) Optical

Braun, Paul

294

The explosive growth of digital photos and videos; the prevalence of capture  

E-print Network

issue is intended to present both survey and original research articles (in a tutorial manner readable editors Tao Mei· , Microsoft Research Asia (tmei@microsoft.com) Winston H. Hsu· , National Taiwan

Hsu, Winston H.

295

www.elsevier.nl/locate/jelechem Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 492 (2000) 8193  

E-print Network

www.elsevier.nl/locate/jelechem Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 492 (2000) 81­93 Review rights reserved. PII: S0022-0728(00)00295-3 #12;N.J. Tao et al. / Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry

Tao, Nongjian

296

Where Do Developers Log? An Empirical Study on Logging Practices in Industry  

E-print Network

Zhu 2 , Wenlu Hu 3 , Jian-Guang Lou 1 , Rui Ding 1 , Qingwei Lin 1 , Dongmei Zhang 1 , Tao Xie 4 1, respectively) at Microsoft. We further validate these findings via a questionnaire survey with 54 experienced

Xie, Tao

297

77 FR 59652 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Wupatki...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico;...

2012-09-28

298

76 FR 43719 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...New Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico;...

2011-07-21

299

78 FR 72919 - New Mexico; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of October 29, 2013. De Baca, Dona Ana, Harding, Lincoln, Otero, Rio Arriba, and San Juan Counties and Isleta, Sandia, and Taos Pueblos and the Navajo Nation for Public Assistance. The following Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance...

2013-12-04

300

77 FR 59658 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Walnut...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico;...

2012-09-28

301

78 FR 73581 - New Mexico Disaster Number NM-00035  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...affected by the disaster. Primary Counties: De Baca, Dona Ana, Harding, Lincoln, Otero, Rio Arriba, San Juan, and Isleta, Sandia and Taos Pueblos and the Navajo Nation. All other information in the original declaration remains unchanged. (Catalog...

2013-12-06

302

78 FR 59966 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Fort Lewis College, Durango, CO; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico;...

2013-09-30

303

By Jeffrey Greenbaum STAFF REPORTER  

E-print Network

to make the most of last Freshmen play games during Orientation. Page 11 Comics Page 6 OPINION Tao Yue with the rest of the group to crack software security codes and then making them available for free

304

El Nino Zoom to Cross-section of Temperature and Height Anomalies: July 1997 through October 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An animation of sea surface temperature anomaly, sea surface height anomaly, and sea temperature anomaly at depth in the Pacific Ocean from July 1997 through October 1998 as measured by NOAA AVHRR, TOPEX Poseidon, and the TAO TRITON Array

Shirah, Greg; Busalacchi, Antonio

1998-10-26

305

Women of the Sisters' Hall: religion and the making of women's alternative space in Taiwan's economic restructuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the background of Taiwan's recent economic restructuring, this article investigates the lives of a group of working-class women who were believers of I-Kuan Tao, a sectarian religion, and who had by and large decided to remain single in order to better practice their religious teaching. They lived together in an I-Kuan Tao temple. This article situates singlehood in the

Anru Lee

2008-01-01

306

What is the mean seasonal cycle of surface heat flux in the equatorial Pacific?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mean seasonal cycles of six state-of-the-art surface heat flux products (three based on widely available data and three based on numerical model reanalysis fields) are compared in the equatorial Pacific with heat fluxes computed from Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean (TAO) buoy data. Net surface heat flux and individual flux components derived from these products exhibit large deviations from TAO. We find

Weimin Wang; Michael J. McPhaden

2001-01-01

307

Comparison of long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and transcatheter amplatzer occlusion of the patent ductus arteriosus.  

PubMed

The current study was designed to compare long-term clinical outcomes and costs between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion (TAO). This study enrolled 294 patients with isolated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) from April 2002 to April 2007, and 290 of these patients were followed up until April 2010. Of the 294 patients, 196 underwent VATS and 98 accepted TAO for PDA closure. The two groups were similar in terms of demographics and preoperative clinical characteristics. No cardiac deaths occurred in either group. All the patients in the VATS group had successful PDA closure, and 94 patients (94/98, 95.9%) in the TAO group had successful PDA occlusion. The incidence of acute procedure-related complications recorded was 1.5% in the VATS group compared with 10.2% in TAO group (P < 0.05). The cost per patient was $1,309.40 ± $312.20 in the VATS group and $3,415.80 ± $637.30 in the TAO group (P < 0.05). There were no cardiac deaths or newly occurring arrhythmias in either group during the fellow-up period. Up to the latest follow-up, no late recanalization or residual shunting was documented, and heart structure returned to normal level in the VATS group. However, residual shunting was detected in four more TAO patients. This study confirmed the long-term safety and efficacy of VATS clipping of PDA. Compared with TAO, PDA interrupted with VATS can achieve both excellent clinical results and satisfying cost effectiveness. The cost for VATS is only a little more than one third the cost for TAO. PMID:22037885

Chen, Haiyu; Weng, Guoxing; Chen, Zhiqun; Wang, Huan; Xie, Qi; Bao, Jiayin; Xiao, Rongdong

2012-02-01

308

Experimental Progress in Computation by Self-Assembly of DNA Tilings  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Approaches to DNA-based computing by self-assembly require theuse of DNA nanostructures, called tiles, that have efficient chemistries, expressivecomputational power, and convenient input and output (I\\/O) mechanisms.We have designed two new classes of DNA tiles, TAO and TAE, bothof which contain three double-helices linked by strand exchange. Structuralanalysis of a TAO molecule has shown that the molecule assembles efficientlyfrom its

Thomas H. Labean; Erik Winfree; John H. Reif

1999-01-01

309

Trypanosome Alternative Oxidase Possesses both an N-Terminal and Internal Mitochondrial Targeting Signal  

PubMed Central

Recognition of mitochondrial targeting signals (MTS) by receptor translocases of outer and inner membranes of mitochondria is one of the prerequisites for import of nucleus-encoded proteins into this organelle. The MTS for a majority of trypanosomatid mitochondrial proteins have not been well defined. Here we analyzed the targeting signal for trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO), which functions as the sole terminal oxidase in the infective form of Trypanosoma brucei. Deleting the first 10 of 24 amino acids predicted to be the classical N-terminal MTS of TAO did not affect its import into mitochondria in vitro. Furthermore, ectopically expressed TAO was targeted to mitochondria in both forms of the parasite even after deletion of first 40 amino acid residues. However, deletion of more than 20 amino acid residues from the N terminus reduced the efficiency of import. These data suggest that besides an N-terminal MTS, TAO possesses an internal mitochondrial targeting signal. In addition, both the N-terminal MTS and the mature TAO protein were able to target a cytosolic protein, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), to a T. brucei mitochondrion. Further analysis identified a cryptic internal MTS of TAO, located within amino acid residues 115 to 146, which was fully capable of targeting DHFR to mitochondria. The internal signal was more efficient than the N-terminal MTS for import of this heterologous protein. Together, these results show that TAO possesses a cleavable N-terminal MTS as well as an internal MTS and that these signals act together for efficient import of TAO into mitochondria. PMID:24562910

Hamilton, VaNae; Singha, Ujjal K.; Smith, Joseph T.; Weems, Ebony

2014-01-01

310

A customized implementation of the FAO land evaluation framework using GIS: the Avenue approach  

E-print Network

A CUSTOMIZED IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FAO LAND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK USING GIS: THE AVENUE APPROACH A Thesis by RAN TAO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A@M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1997 Major Subject: Geography A CUSTOMIZED IMPLEMENTATION OF THE FAO LAND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK USING GIS: THE AVENUE APPROACH A Thesis by RAN TAO Submitted to Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Tao, Ran

2012-06-07

311

An analysis of the accuracy of relative permeability  

E-print Network

AN ANALYSIS OF THE ACCURACY OF RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A Thesis by TEH-MING TAO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&N University in partial fulfillment of the requirement of the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject...: Chemical Engineering AN ANALYSIS OF THE ACCURACY OF RELATIVE PERMEABILITY A Thesis by TEH-MING TAO Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) August 1982 ABSTRACT An Analysis...

Tao, Teh-Ming

1982-01-01

312

Permeability prediction and drainage capillary pressure simulation in sandstone reservoirs  

E-print Network

PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Geology PERMEABILITY PREDICTION AND DRAINAGE CAPILLARY PRESSURE SIMULATION IN SANDSTONE RESERVOIRS A Dissertation by TAO WU Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Wu, Tao

2005-02-17

313

Thyroid nodule guidelines: agreement, disagreement and need for future research.  

PubMed

This article reviews agreement, disagreement and need for future research of the thyroid nodule guidelines published by the British Thyroid Association, National Cancer Institute, American Thyroid Association and the joint, transatlantic effort of three large societies, the American Society of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi and the European Thyroid Association, published in 2010. Consensus exists for most topics in the various guidelines. A few areas of disagreement, such as the use of scintigraphy, are mostly due to differences in disease prevalence in different countries. Most of the discordance, for example, on the use of calcitonin screening or fine-needle aspiration cytology classification, could probably be resolved by further expert discussions, as the basis is the same published evidence. Importantly, owing to a current lack of evidence in many areas, clinically very relevant areas of uncertainty need to be addressed by further research. This situation applies, for instance, to better definition of ultrasound malignancy criteria and the evaluation of emerging new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, including molecular markers. For clinicians who advise individual patients, these areas of uncertainty can currently only be resolved by sound management on the basis of clinical judgment, experience and patient preference. PMID:21364517

Paschke, Ralf; Hegedüs, Laszlo; Alexander, Erik; Valcavi, Roberto; Papini, Enrico; Gharib, Hossein

2011-06-01

314

Variation of oxygen content in selected potassium fluorido-oxido-tantalate phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The compound K 3[TaO 4]•K 3[TaF 4O 2] crystallises in a tetragonal system (space group I-4) with cell parameters a = 6.2220(3) Å and c = 8.7625(34) Å, respectively. The crystal structure consists of two anions, [TaO 4] 3- and [TaF 4O 2] 3- and cations K +. The tantalum atoms lie in special positions and serve as centres of both anions, which are substitution disorders. XPS measurements confirmed the existence of different binding energies corresponding to the different bonds of Ta sbnd O and Ta sbnd F. Oxygen is bound more strongly in [TaF 4O 2] 3-. By combination of single crystal analysis, XRD, SIMS and XPS it was suggested that previously reported cubic phase K 3TaOF 6 is in fact K 3TaO 2F 4 and previously reported tetragonal phase K 3TaO 2F 4 is in fact K 3[TaO 4]•K 3[TaF 4O 2].

Bo?a, Miroslav; Monco?, Ján; Netriová, Zuzana; Veli?, Dušan; Jerigová, Monika; Nunney, Tim S.; Baily, Christopher J.; Kubíková, Blanka; Šimko, František; Janderka, Pavel

2011-12-01

315

Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei  

PubMed Central

Cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase (AOX) is a mitochondrial membrane protein and a non-proton-pumping ubiquinol oxidase that catalyzes the four-electron reduction of dioxygen to water. In the African trypanosomes, tryp­anosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase that is essential for survival in the mammalian host; hence, the enzyme is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in haem-deficient Escherichia coli was purified and crystallized at 293?K by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method using polyethylene glycol 400 as a precipitant. X-ray diffraction data were collected at 100?K and were processed to 2.9?Å resolution with 93.1% completeness and an overall R merge of 9.5%. The TAO crystals belonged to the orthorhombic space group I222 or I212121, with unit-cell parameters a = 63.11, b = 136.44, c = 223.06?Å. Assuming the presence of two rTAO molecules in the asymmetric unit (2 × 38?kDa), the calculated Matthews coefficient (V M) was 3.2?Å3?Da?1, which corresponds to a solvent content of 61.0%. This is the first report of a crystal of the membrane-bound diiron proteins, which include AOXs. PMID:20208159

Kido, Yasutoshi; Shiba, Tomoo; Inaoka, Daniel Ken; Sakamoto, Kimitoshi; Nara, Takeshi; Aoki, Takashi; Honma, Teruki; Tanaka, Akiko; Inoue, Masayuki; Matsuoka, Shigeru; Moore, Anthony; Harada, Shigeharu; Kita, Kiyoshi

2010-01-01

316

[Muscular diseases in hyperthyroidism].  

PubMed

Hyperthyroidism may present various muscular diseases, namely thyrotoxic chronic myopathy, myasthenia gravis, disthyroid ophthalmopathy and thyrotoxic periodic paralysis. Although infrequent, it is possible to find some of these clinical situations in a medical ward of a general hospital. Differential diagnosis must be made with chronic idiopathic polymyositis and certain congenital myopathies. We describe three patients with hyperthyroidism; one of these patients had chronic thyrotoxic myopathy and another had myasthenia gravis. The third had a thymolipoma and ocular changes probably corresponding to myasthenia gravis. PMID:7484269

Pissarra, F; Carvalho, M; Morais, C; Fortuna, J; Gonçalves, J G; João Neto, M

1995-09-01

317

Thyrotoxic muscle disease  

PubMed Central

Evidence suggests that most hyperthyroid patients have a proximal myopathy. The more severe this is the more frequently are distal muscles, and ultimately, bulbar muscles involved. Probably acute thyrotoxic myopathy or encephalopathy supervenes on a previous chronic background or occurs concurrently with skeletal muscle involvement. Using careful electromyographic techniques evidence of myopathy may be found in most thyrotoxics; it disappears with adequate treatment of the primary disease. Myasthenia gravis and periodic paralysis are also associated with thyrotoxicosis and their differentiation is discussed. Infiltrative ophthalmopathy is not related to the effects of excess thyroid hormone, but is possibly due to EPS working in conjunction with LATS. ImagesFig. 2 PMID:4871773

Ramsay, Ian

1968-01-01

318

[Indicators of humoral immunity in the surgical treatment of toxic goiter].  

PubMed

Changes in the content of gammaglobulins, immunoglobulins of all classes, and circulating immune complexes were revealed in 70 patients with toxic goiter given thyrostatic therapy, which may be evidence of disturbed humoral immunity. These disorders were most manifest in unstable compensation of toxicosis and in patients with ophthalmopathy. In patients with developed postoperative toxic reactions no specific changes in the immune status were detected in the preoperative period and no regularities allowing the prognostication of the development of a toxic reaction were revealed. Essential changes in humoral immunity values did not occur on the eighth postoperative day. PMID:2476581

Kala?da, L P; Ionov, P Sh; Vyrodov, K S

1989-06-01

319

Recovery from surgery and scores on the Defense Mechanisms Inventory.  

PubMed

The validity of a shortened form of the Defense Mechanisms Inventory was examined in a population of adult females undergoing abdominal surgery. Recovery was measured by behavioral, self-report, and endocrine responses. High scorers on REV and low scorers on PRO, TAO, and DMI-AGG, a summary measure of DMI subscales, reported better moods and physical recoveries, used fewer medications for pain, and made less use of medical services during the month after discharge from the hospital. Low scorers on PRO, TAO, and DMI-AGG responded to surgery with increases in epinephrine and norepinephrine. High scorers on PRO, TAO, and DMI-AGG responded to surgery only with increased levels of norepinephrine. Little evidence was found to support interpreting the DMI as a measure of five defensive styles. A single dimension, aggressiveness, was hypothesized to account for variance in recovery explained by the DMI. PMID:7108731

Wilson, J F

1982-06-01

320

Origin of the reduced attracting force between a rotating dielectric particle and a stationary one  

SciTech Connect

Recently Tao and Lan [Phys. Rev. E. 72, 041508 (2005)] experimentally reported that the rotation of a dielectric particle can reduce significantly the attracting interparticle force between the rotating dielectric particle and a stationary one in argon gas. We develop the Gu-Yu-Hui theory of relaxation [J. Chem. Phys. 116, 24 (2002)] to account for the Tao-Lan observations. Excellent agreement between the theoretical results and the Tao-Lan experimental data shows that the reduction in the attracting interparticle force is due to the effect of charge relaxation. We also show that the relaxation time of touching rotating particles can be accurately determined with the aid of the developed theory, for which, however, the well-known Maxwell-Wagner relaxation time is no longer valid.

Tian, W. J.; Liu, M. K.; Huang, J. P. [Surface Physics Laboratory (National Key Laboratory) and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)

2007-02-15

321

Pharmacophore identification of ascofuranone, potent inhibitor of cyanide-insensitive alternative oxidase of Trypanosoma brucei.  

PubMed

Trypanosoma brucei is a parasite that causes human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). The parasites depend on the cyanide-insensitive trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) for their vital aerobic respiration. Ascofuranone (AF), a potent and specific sub-nanomolar inhibitor of the TAO quinol oxidase, is a potential novel drug with selectivity for HAT, because mammalian hosts lack the enzyme. To elucidate not only the inhibition mechanism but also the inhibitor-enzyme interaction, AF derivatives were designed and synthesized, and the structure-activity relationship was evaluated. Here we identified the pharmacophore of AF that interacts with TAO. The detailed inhibitory profiles indicated that the 1-formyl and 6-hydroxyl groups, which might contribute to intramolecular hydrogen bonding and/or serve as hydrogen-bonding donors, were responsible for direct interaction with the enzyme. PMID:23180806

Saimoto, Hiroyuki; Kido, Yasutoshi; Haga, Yasushi; Sakamoto, Kimitoshi; Kita, Kiyoshi

2013-03-01

322

The differential diagnosis and classification of eyelid retraction.  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE: Classification schemes are useful in the formulation of differential diagnoses. Thoughtful commentary has been devoted to the classification of blepharoptosis, but the causes of eyelid retraction have received less attention in published reports. Although eyelid retraction most frequently is associated with Graves' ophthalmopathy, numerous other entities may cause the sign. This study was undertaken to provide a more comprehensive differential diagnosis and classification of eyelid retraction. METHODS: A series of patients with eyelid retraction was studied, and pertinent published reports were reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with different causes for eyelid retraction are described. Normal thyroid function and regulation were confirmed in all patients in whom Graves' ophthalmopathy could not be excluded by clinical, biochemical, or historical criteria. CONCLUSION: Based on a series of patients and reported cases, a differential diagnosis for eyelid retraction is proposed using a classification system comprising three categories (neurogenic, myogenic, and mechanistic). Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 A FIGURE 3 B FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 A FIGURE 7 B FIGURE 7 C FIGURE 7 D FIGURE 7 E FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 A FIGURE 10 B FIGURE 10 C FIGURE 11 A FIGURE 11 B PMID:8719687

Bartley, G B

1995-01-01

323

Medical Management of Extrathyroidal Manifestation of Graves Disease.  

PubMed

Objective: To review preventive measures and current medical management of extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves disease and to provide an overview of potential immune therapies of the future.Methods: Literature review of investigative trials of treatment methods for Graves disease and its extrathyroidal manifestations.Results: With recent knowledge of the stages of the autoimmune cascade responsible for development of these extrathyroidal manifestations, the possibility has been raised of undertaking randomized trials of agents of benefit in other immune conditions. Two randomized trials on the efficacy of rituximab in moderate-to-severe Graves ophthalmopathy have shown conflicting results.Conclusion: Additional studies of rituximab and other agents are needed before they become routinely used in treating Graves disease. Meanwhile, standard medical therapy for moderate-to-severe ophthalmopathy is intravenous or oral corticosteroids and, for dermopathy, local corticosteroid application with occlusive dressing. Since major adverse effects such as life-threatening hepatic failure can occur with very high doses of intravenous prednisolone, the cumulative total dose should not exceed 8 g. PMID:25370325

Fatourechi, Vahab

2014-11-01

324

The Design and Performance of an I/O Subsystem for Real-time ORB Endsystem Middleware  

E-print Network

The Design and Performance of an I/O Subsystem for Real-time ORB Endsystem Middleware Douglas C provides two contributions to the study of real-time ORB middleware. First, it describes the design- stant O1 time. We have used TAO to research key dimensions of real-time ORB endsystem design including

Schmidt, Douglas C.

325

This paper appeared in the Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing Systems, September 12-14, 2005.  

E-print Network

, conventional wisdom on the design of real time systems is inadequate for security-sensitive real-time for Distributed Real-Time Systems Tao Xie Xiao Qin Department of Computer Science New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology 801 Leroy Place, Socorro, New Mexico 87801-4796 {xietao, xqin}@cs.nmt.edu Abstract Real-time

Qin, Xiao

326

Strong Sulfur Binding with Conducting Magneli-Phase TinO2n-1 Nanomaterials for Improving Lithium-Sulfur Batteries  

E-print Network

The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery have attracted consid- erable attention owing to its high theoretical the cycling stability of Li-S batteries. In general, the new sulfur cathode materials can be grouped-Sulfur Batteries Xinyong Tao,,, Jianguo Wang,, Zhuogao Ying,, Qiuxia Cai, Guangyuan Zheng,§, Yongping Gan, Hui

Cui, Yi

327

PH.D. PROJECT TOPICS IN CHEMICAL AND PROCESS ENGINEERING Potential research topics along with a brief description of them are given below. For more  

E-print Network

PH.D. PROJECT TOPICS IN CHEMICAL AND PROCESS ENGINEERING Potential research topics along efficiency. Research in Tao's group covers polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and solid oxide of supercapacitors). These shortcomings limit our ability to effectively design and optimizeelectrochemical processes

Mottram, Nigel

328

Killing Mosquitoes and Keeping Practice: Teacher Education as Sustaining Paradox  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The moral and ethical charge of teaching and teacher education includes sustaining equanimity and paradox, and maintaining poise amongst contradicting policies and interests. This paper draws upon the wisdom of the Tao Te Ching to address some paradoxes in education and teacher preparation. Specifically, the article looks at four chapters of the…

Keiser, David Lee

2013-01-01

329

A Study on the Application of Laozi's Thoughts on Educational Leadership and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to apply historical methods to help understand the relationship between the philosophy espoused in the works of Laozi or Tao De Ching and educational leadership. The objective is to study the thought of Laozi regarding leadership, to identify ideas and solutions that can be applied in modern educational management, as well as…

Wen, Lian-shiung; Hwang, Kevin P.

2008-01-01

330

Remarkable charge-trapping efficiency of the memory device with (TiO{sub 2}){sub 0.8}(Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.1} composite charge-storage dielectric  

SciTech Connect

A memory device p-Si/SiO{sub 2}/(TiO{sub 2}){sub 0.8}(Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 0.1}(TAO-81)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Pt was fabricated, in which a composite of two high-k dielectrics with a thickness of 1?nm was employed as the charge-trapping layer to enhance the charge-trapping efficiency of the memory device. At an applied gate voltage of ±9?V, TAO-81 memory device shows a memory window of 8.83?V in its C-V curve. It also shows a fast response to a short voltage pulse of 10{sup ?5}?s. The charge-trapping capability, the endurance, and retention characteristics of TAO-81 memory device can be improved by introducing double TAO-81 charge-trapping layers intercalated by an Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer. The charge-trapping mechanism in the memory device is mainly ascribed to the generation of the electron-occupied defect level in the band gap of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} induced by the inter-diffusion between TiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Jiang, K.; Ou, X.; Cao, Z. Y.; Liu, X. J.; Lu, W.; Xu, B.; Li, A. D.; Xia, Y. D.; Yin, J., E-mail: jyin@nju.edu.cn; Liu, Z. G. [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Lan, X. X.; Gong, C. J. [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-06-30

331

THE GLOBAL TROPICAL MOORED BUOY ARRAY M. J. McPhaden(1)  

E-print Network

for climate research and forecasting. Components of the global array include the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean/Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TAO/TRITON) in the Pacific, the Prediction and Research Moored Array, USA, Email: michael.j.mcphaden@noaa.gov 2 Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency

332

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 135, 094304 (2011) "Adiabatic-hindered-rotor" treatment of the parahydrogen-water complex  

E-print Network

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 135, 094304 (2011) "Adiabatic-hindered-rotor" treatment of the parahydrogen-water complex Tao Zeng,1 Hui Li,2 Robert J. Le Roy,1 and Pierre-Nicholas Roy1,a) 1 Department 1 September 2011) Inspired by a recent successful adiabatic-hindered-rotor treatment

Le Roy, Robert J.

333

VOLUME 76, NUMBER 11 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 11 MARCH 1996 Threshold Dynamics of Singular Gravity-Capillary Waves  

E-print Network

of Singular Gravity-Capillary Waves Christopher L. Goodridge, W. Tao Shi, and Daniel P. Lathrop* Department on other fluid parameters or con- tainer geometry. Droplet ejection was observed in both gravity waves and capillary waves. Gravity and capillary waves are defined from the dispersion relation for infinite depth

Lathrop, Daniel P.

334

How Proteins Search for Their Specific Sites on DNA: The Role of DNA Conformation  

E-print Network

How Proteins Search for Their Specific Sites on DNA: The Role of DNA Conformation Tao Hu,* A. Yu of molecular biology that proteins locate their specific targets on DNA up to two orders-of-magnitude faster is that proteins are nonspecifically adsorbed on DNA, and sliding along DNA provides for the faster one

Minnesota, University of

335

numbers and SAT Oliver Kullmann  

E-print Network

(diagonal form), created by the OKlibrary: c 2 parts, arithmetic progressions of size 3, and 9 prime numbers extensions The generic boolean translation On the history of the Green-Tao theorem Arithmetic progressions n prime numbers contain an arithmetic progression of length k. Trivially grt1(1) = 1 and grt1(2) = 2

Martin, Ralph R.

336

Seminaire BOURBAKI Mars 2012 64`eme annee, 2011-2012, no 1054  

E-print Network

theorem from 2004, Green and Tao showed that there exist arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions). -- The primes contain arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. Moreover, the same is true of any subset an infinite arithmetic progression. Suppose that P(j) = a + jd for some a, d N takes prime values for j = 0

Wolf, Julia

337

An Improved Construction of Progression-Free Sets Michael Elkin  

E-print Network

of constructing dense subsets S of {1, 2, . . ., n} that contain no three-term arithmetic progression arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of prime numbers (see, e.g., Green and Tao [24]), and to otherAn Improved Construction of Progression-Free Sets Michael Elkin Abstract The problem

Elkin, Michael

338

Lethbridge Number Theory and Combinatorics Seminar  

E-print Network

contain a 3 term arithmetic progression. The previous methods of Helfgott and De Roton, and the speaker subprogression when A contains no arithmetic progressions. By iterating we show that for any constant B > 0)B , then A contains a three term arithmetic progression. By combining Green and Taos transference principle

Seldin, Jonathan P.

339

Block SAPOR: Block Second-Order Arnoldi Method for Passive Order Reduction of Multi-Input Multi-Output RCS Interconnect Circuits  

E-print Network

-Output RCS Interconnect Circuits Bang Liu1 , Xuan Zeng1 , Yangfeng Su2 , Jun Tao1 , Zhaojun Bai3 , Charles many research interests for the simulation of RCS interconnect circuits employing susceptance elements) for Multi-Input Multi-Output RCS Circuits. The proposed Block SAPOR algorithm can simultaneously guarantee

Bai, Zhaojun

340

A prospective, randomized pilot evaluation of topical triple antibiotic versus mupirocin for the prevention of uncomplicated soft tissue wound infection.  

PubMed

Little data exists comparing the safety and efficacy of triple antibiotic ointment (TAO) and mupirocin for prevention of uncomplicated soft tissue wound infections. The purpose of this investigation was to conduct a pilot study of the relative safety, efficacy, and cost effectiveness of the 2 preparations. This was a randomized, prospective, interventional study to determine the difference in infection rates of uncomplicated soft tissue wounds between subjects treated with TAO and mupirocin ointment after standard wound care and suturing. Subjects were enrolled at presentation to the ED if they met the study inclusion criteria and were required to make one follow-up visit to the ED to determine the status of their wound (infected vs. not infected). A total of 99 patients were enrolled and assessed at the follow-up visit. The groups had similar rates of self-reported compliance with wound care and dressing changes. Patients in the mupirocin group had a greater rate of signs of infection (12% vs. 6.1%), and infection (4% vs. 0%) compared with patients in the TAO group, although neither difference achieved statistical significance. There were no serious adverse effects in either group. This pilot study found a similar rate of wound infection and adverse events between TAO and mupirocin ointments. Results should be confirmed in a larger equivalency trial. PMID:14724869

Hood, Robert; Shermock, Kenneth M; Emerman, Charles

2004-01-01

341

236.ps.gz  

E-print Network

Initial work in the TAO project [4, 5] has centered on the development of a core li- ... the O ce of Advanced Scienti c Computing, U.S. Department of Energy, under Contract ..... As a benchmark application we have used a journal bearing model,

342

The octahedron recurrence and g l n crystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the hive model of gln tensor products, following Knutson, Tao, and Woodward. We define a coboundary category where the tensor product is given by hives and where the associator and commutor are defined using a modified octahedron recurrence. We then prove that this category is equivalent to the category of crystals for the Lie algebra gln. The proof

André Henriques; Joel Kamnitzer

2006-01-01

343

Presented at ION GNSS 2005 -Long Beach, CA -September 13-16, 2005 1 Indoor GPS Signal Replication Using  

E-print Network

Presented at ION GNSS 2005 - Long Beach, CA - September 13-16, 2005 1 Indoor GPS Signal Replication University of British Columbia - Okanagan BIOGRAPHY Tao Hu is an MSc. student in the Department of Geomatics - Long Beach, CA - September 13-16, 2005 2 The use of hardware simulators, capable of reproducing the RF

Calgary, University of

344

78 FR 43912 - Final Candidate Conservation Agreement with Assurances, Final Environmental Assessment, and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Impact; Rio Grande Cutthroat Trout, New Mexico and Colorado AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife...Oncorhynchus clarki virginialis) in New Mexico and Colorado, as well as the final environmental...Grande cutthroat trout in Taos County, New Mexico, and Costilla County, Colorado....

2013-07-22

345

June 28, 2005 22:29 WSPC/Guidelines publish Level-wise Construction of Decision Trees for Classification  

E-print Network

distinct views towards the study of classification and the study of knowledge engineering. By utilizing, such as the structures of a search space, the solutions of a classification problem, as well as the structures for Classification Yan Zhao, Yiyu Yao and Jing Tao Yao Department of Computer Science, University of Regina Regina

Yao, Yiyu

346

PAMM Proc. Appl. Math. Mech. 11, 783 784 (2011) / DOI 10.1002/pamm.201110380 Variational integrators for electric circuits  

E-print Network

integrators for electric circuits Sina Ober-Blöbaum1, , Molei Tao2, , and Houman Owhadi2, 1 Computational of mechanical systems. In this work, we develop a variational integrator for the simulation of electric circuits for the simulation of the electric circuit. In this way, a variational integrator is constructed that gains several

Ober-Blöbaum, Sina

347

Recursive Turtle Programs and Iterated Affine Transformations  

E-print Network

Recursive Turtle Programs and Iterated Affine Transformations Tao Ju*, Scott Schaefer, Ron Goldman of equivalence between the class of fractals created by Recursive Turtle Programs (RTP) and Iterated Affine, turtle graphics 1 Introduction In computer graphics, there are several different methods for generating 2

Schaefer, Scott

348

Atmosphere Focus Team A Hazard Assessment from 11 Mars  

E-print Network

km that affect EDL and TAO including both fair-weather and dust storms · Hazard: That wind shear conditions in mind · Some primary questions still unresolved: - Density variations at entry - Turbulent layers lie below cooler layers...naturally unstable · Daytime unstable region forms near the surface

Withers, Paul

349

1018 IEEE PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, VOL. 22, NO. 14, JULY 15, 2010 Signed and Accurate Measurement of Phase Offset in  

E-print Network

Measurement of Phase Offset in Optical DPSK Demodulator Jian Zhao, Alan Pak Tao Lau, Member, IEEE, Chao Lu-tap sampling, differential phase-shift keying (DPSK), delay interferometer (DI), performance monitoring, optical fiber communication, phase offset. I. INTRODUCTION DIFFERENTIAL phase-shift keying (DPSK) format

Wai, Ping-kong Alexander

350

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-print Network

Short-Term Solar Energy Forecasting Using Wireless Sensor Networks Stefan Achleitner, Tao Liu an advantage for output power prediction. Solar Energy Prediction System Our prediction model is based variability of more then 100 kW per minute. For practical usage of solar energy, predicting times of high

Cerpa, Alberto E.

351

The synthesis of enatiomerically pure structures is an important challenge in pharmaceuticals and for opto-  

E-print Network

between the sphere and the rectangles generates a molecular pinwheel structure with chiral character of the chiral pinwheels University of Maryland NSF-MRSEC Highlight: Mismatched Molecules Generate Chiral "Pinwheels" Bo Xu, Chenggang Tao, William Cullen, Janice Reutt-Robey and Ellen Williams Nano Letters 5, 2207

Rubloff, Gary W.

352

Online Shopping System based on WAP Kgs. Lyngby 2004  

E-print Network

Online Shopping System based on WAP Tao Zhou Kgs. Lyngby 2004 IMM-THESIS-2004-90 #12;Technical) ............................................................................................- 16 - 2.3.4 The expectative management process (Editing functionalities) ..................- 17 - 2.3.5 Functional requirements of Database system ..............................................- 18 - 2

353

December 2010AmerIcAN meTeOrOLOGIcAL SOcIeTY | 1625 AffiliAtions: Masunaga--Hydrospheric Atmospheric  

E-print Network

--Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Matsui, tao, Hou, and olson--NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland; KuMMerow--Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado; te. naKajiMa--Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University

Masunaga, Hirohiko

354

Semantic Web Technologies for Event Modeling and Analysis: A Well Surveillance Use Case  

E-print Network

SPE-128708 Semantic Web Technologies for Event Modeling and Analysis: A Well Surveillance Use Case Tao Zhu, Univ. of Southern California; Amol Bakshi, SPE, Chevron; Viktor K. Prasanna, SPE, Univ. of Southern California; Roger Cutler, Chevron; Scott Fanty, Chevron Copyright 2010, Society of Petroleum

Prasanna, Viktor K.

355

Differentiated Contention Resolution for QoS in Photonic Packet-Switched Networks  

E-print Network

support transmission rates of more than 1 Tbit/s on a single fiber. To fully utilize such high data ratesDifferentiated Contention Resolution for QoS in Photonic Packet-Switched Networks Tao Zhang, Kejie resolution in photonic packet-switched networks by exploiting recirculation buffering and deflection routing

Jue, Jason P.

356

Journal of Machine Learning Research 11 (2010) 2361-2386 Submitted 8/08; Revised 8/09; Published 8/10 High-dimensional Variable Selection with Sparse Random Projections  

E-print Network

of sparsity constraint. These types of sparse recovery problems arise in a variety of domains, including, 2007), sparse approximation (Tropp, 2006), and compressed sensing (Candes and Tao, 2005; Donoho, 2006 Rp, based on a set of n observations. The signal is assumed a priori to be sparse: either exactly k-sparse

Wainwright, Martin J.

357

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche  

E-print Network

The Robot Swarm Re-localization Problem Nicolas Bredeche TAO / LRI ; Univ Paris-Sud, CNRS, INRIA the problem of re-localization in a swarm of moving virtual robots where some robots might be lost and where the distance between each neighboring robot is known within a limited communication radius (e.g. using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

358

THERMAL CAMERA IMAGING OF ROCK PILES AT THE QUESTA MOLYBDENUM MINE, QUESTA, NEW MEXICO1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1969 and 1981 open pit methods were used to recover the molybdenum ore producing some 317.5 million metric tons of mined rock from the Questa molybdenum mine, which went into nine rock piles. The mine is located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of Taos County in northern New Mexico. As part of a multi-disciplinary study to determine the

Heather R. Shannon; John M. Sigda; Remke L. Van Dam; Jan M. H. Hendrickx; Virginia T. McLemore

359

TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES 120(2), 381391 (2011) doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfq394  

E-print Network

TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES 120(2), 381­391 (2011) doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfq394 Advance Access publication Eric C. Peterson, Tao Chen,* and Curtis J. Omiecinski*,3 *Center for Molecular Toxicology, Pennsylvania 16802; and Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Omiecinski, Curtis

360

Treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) by intramuscular gene transfer of vascular endothelial growth factor: Preliminary clinical results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), or Buerger's disease, a distinct form of vascular occlusive disease that afflicts the peripheral arteries of young smokers, is often characterized by an inexorable downhill course even in patients who discontinue smoking once a stage of critical limb ischemia associated with ulceration or gangrene is reached. As part of a phase I clinical trial to document

Jeffrey M. Isner; Iris Baumgartner; Guenter Rauh; Robert Schainfeld; Richard Blair; Orit Manor; Syed Razvi; James F. Symes

1998-01-01

361

Speech by Professor Tan Chorh Chuan President, National University of Singapore  

E-print Network

, facets of our community. This year, I was very pleasantly surprised to see the special video which is SYNERGY, COMMITMENT" #12;3 Then Engineering Alumna and SEA Games Gold Medallist Tao Yijun performing wushu commitment to excellence. Last Sunday, both our men's and women's Dragon-boat teams did NUS proud by winning

Tan, Chew Lim

362

Synthesis of Na1.25V3O8 Nanobelts with Excellent Long-Term Stability for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries  

E-print Network

Synthesis of Na1.25V3O8 Nanobelts with Excellent Long-Term Stability for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries Shuquan Liang, Tao Chen, Anqiang Pan,*, Dawei Liu, Qinyu Zhu, and Guozhong Cao*,§ School by the calcination temperatures. As cathode materials for lithium ion batteries, the Na1.25V3O8 nanobelts synthesized

Cao, Guozhong

363

Towards Roll-to-Roll Manufacturing of Polymer Photonic Devices Harish Subbaramana,*  

E-print Network

, Tao Lingc , L. Jay Guoc and Ray T. Chenb,* a Omega Optics, Inc., 8500 Shoal Creek Blvd, Suite 4-line and off-line inspection and diagnostic tools with adaptive control for patterned and unpatterned material a successful manufacturing process. Due to extreme resolution requirements compared to print media, the burden

Chen, Ray

364

Watch It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the school chief information officer (CIO), safeguarding students and facilities is as much a part of the job description as keeping the data networks running and the servers protected from hackers. This article describes how two districts, Miami-Dade County Public Schools and Taos Municipal Schools, secured their surveillance systems. The…

Bolch, Matt

2008-01-01

365

Noname manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)  

E-print Network

[10] for electromagnetic scattering problems in which one uses the a posteriori error estimate layer method for 3-D time harmonic electromagnetic scattering problems Zhiming Chen · Tao Cui · Linbo perfectly matched layer (PML) method for solv- ing the time harmonic electromagnetic scattering problems

366

Two-color photoionization spectroscopy using vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation and infrared optical parametric oscillator laser  

E-print Network

lasers1­3 and the introduction of the laser based pulsed field ionization PFI technique.4,5 Rotationally and small energy gaps that still exist in their tuning ranges. Parallel to the development of VUV lasers optical parametric oscillator laser Ximei Qian, Tao Zhang, and C. Y. Nga) Department of Chemistry

Kung, Andy

367

An Integrated Framework for Optimizing Automatic Monitoring Systems in Large IT Infrastructures  

E-print Network

of distributed computing (e.g., cloud) pro- vided some standardization of the initial configuration Liang Tang Tao Li School of Computer Science Florida International University 11200 S.W. 8th Street. Grabarnik, Dept. Math & Computer Science St. John's University Queens, NY U.S.A grabarng

Li, Tao

368

www.afm-journal.de Vol. 23 No. 26 July 12 2013  

E-print Network

of shape memory polymers is demonstrated for deformable, pro- grammable, and shape-memorizing micro and the formation of crosslinked shape memory polymer networks can be achieved in a single step via compression Yu, Shuodao Wang, Viktor Malyarchuk, Tao Xie,* and John A. Rogers* 1. Introduction Shape memory

Rogers, John A.

369

Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 49(6): 167-174 E 2006 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351 167  

E-print Network

and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351 167 PROCESS STUDY ON ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF CRAMBE OIL FOR ERUCIC ACID ISOLATION C. Tao, B. He ABSTRACT. High erucic acid (HEA) seed oils can be processed enzymatically to produce biodiesel and erucic acid (EA), a valuable industrial feedstock. This study aimed to conduct a research

He, Brian

370

Transactions of the ASAE Vol. 48(4): 1471-1479 E 2005 American Society of Agricultural Engineers ISSN 0001-2351 1471  

E-print Network

ISSN 0001-2351 1471 ENZYMATIC ISOLATION AND ENRICHMENT OF ERUCIC ACID FROM HEA SEED OILS: CURRENT STATUS C. Tao, B. B. He ABSTRACT. Erucic acid (EA), a fatty acid of 22-carbon chain with one isolated double bond, has broad industrial applications. Currently, erucic acid is isolated from Crucifereae plant

He, Brian

371

By RoBeRt G. Bailey A Pioneer Conservationist's Bungalow Home  

E-print Network

Piedras, New Mexico, northwest of Taos. At the time, Leopold was about to become the new Forest Supervisor of the Carson National Forest in Tres Piedras. Later that year, he built the house, which the newly married couple decided to call "Mi Casita." r r LEOPOLD LOOKING AT THE LANDSCAPE WHILE BOW HUNTING IN THE SIERRA

372

In Vivo Blood Characterization from Bioimpedance Spectroscopy of Blood  

E-print Network

In Vivo Blood Characterization from Bioimpedance Spectroscopy of Blood Pooling Tao Dai Department@sce.carleton.ca Abstract Characterization of blood impedance properties is important to estimate clinical diagnos- tic in the measurement field, rather than the blood individually. This paper describes a novel in vivo measurement

Adler, Andy

373

Blood Impedance Characterization from Pulsatile Measurements School of Information Technology  

E-print Network

Blood Impedance Characterization from Pulsatile Measurements Tao Dai School of Information of blood excluding the contributions from surround- ing tissues, based on analysis of the pulsatile MHz. The finger is modeled as three parts: arterial blood, surrounding tissues and incremental in

Adler, Andy

374

Evidence of lightning NOx and convective transport of pollutants in satellite observations over North America  

E-print Network

North America Yunsoo Choi,1 Yuhang Wang,1 Tao Zeng,1 Randall V. Martin,2 Thomas P. Kurosu,3 and Kelly January 2005. [1] Column observations of NO2 by GOME and CO by MOPITT over North America and surrounding transport of pollutants in satellite observations over North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L02805, doi

Chance, Kelly

375

Hauptseminar Die Einfhrung in die Java Card Technologie  

E-print Network

Hauptseminar Die Einführung in die Java Card Technologie Nachweis von Sicherheitseigenschaften für Java Card durch Approximative Programmauswertung Veranstalter Pr. T. Nipkow Dr. M. Strecker Autor Tao Zhuang 07,01,2002 #12;�berblick ·Einleitung ·Smart Card Basis ·�berblick der Java Card Technologie ·Die

Cengarle, María Victoria

376

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-print Network

& Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No. DE-AC36 to Hydrocarbons R. Davis, L. Tao, E.C.D. Tan, M.J. Biddy, G.T. Beckham, and C. Scarlata National Renewable Energy

377

Real-time event channel performance on a submarine communications network  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project evaluated the real-time event channel of the TAO software when running under the Sun Solaris 8 operating system. We modeled the communications channel among the RTS, NAV, and SONR units taken from the shipboard network architecture design for Virginia-class submarines. We established a baseline set of performance measurements for throughput, latency and jitter, communicating over UDP, TCP, and

S. W. Talbert; A. C. Weaver

2002-01-01

378

Mining Test Oracles of Web Search Engines Wujie Zheng1  

E-print Network

Mining Test Oracles of Web Search Engines Wujie Zheng1 , Hao Ma2 , Michael R. Lyu1 , Tao Xie3}@cse.cuhk.edu.hk, haoma@microsoft.com, xie@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract--Web search engines have major impact in people's everyday life. It is of great importance to test the retrieval effectiveness of search engines. However

Xie, Tao

379

EXACT REGULARIZATION OF LINEAR PROGRAMS  

E-print Network

Dec 26, 2005 ... in which we use (3.1) to arrive at the last expression. .... Following this approach, we use Theorem 3.1 as a guide for obtaining least l1- ..... E. J. Candés, J. Romberg, and T. Tao, Robust uncertainty principles: Exact signal ... Stable signal recovery from incomplete and inaccurate measurements, To appear.

2006-01-05

380

Unity in Religion  

E-print Network

within. Thomas Merton, with his doctrine of Contemplation, represents the Christian tradition, Islam is represented by Ibn ‘Arabi’s doctrine of the unity of being (wahdat al-wujud), and Lao Tzu and Chuang Tzu represent the Taoist tradition with the Tao te...

Wester, Jeremy

2007-07-14

381

Los Angeles PACIFICOCEAN  

E-print Network

, assistive technology, human-computer interaction L. de Alfaro, S. Kurniawan, R. Manduchi, P. Mantey, H. Tao Sensing and Interaction: Computer vision, remote sensing, telemetry, computer-based collaboration Angeles. Computer Engineering @ UC SANTA CRUZ Department of Computer Engineering 1156 High Street Santa

Stuart, Josh

382

JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 0021-9193/00/$04.00 0  

E-print Network

that ResDE plays a global role in both aerobic and anaerobic respiration. In the absence of nitrate of Bacillus subtilis Grown under Anaerobic Conditions RICK W. YE,* WANG TAO, LAURA BEDZYK, THOMAS YOUNG, MARIO, Delaware 19880 Received 19 January 2000/Accepted 1 June 2000 Bacillus subtilis can grow under anaerobic

Liao, Li

383

Software Analytics in Practice Dongmei Zhang, Shi Han, Yingnong Dang, Jian-Guang Lou, Haidong Zhang, Microsoft Research Asia,  

E-print Network

Software Analytics in Practice Dongmei Zhang, Shi Han, Yingnong Dang, Jian-Guang Lou, Haidong Zhang, Microsoft Research Asia, China Tao Xie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract: Software analytics is to utilize data-driven approaches to enable software practitioners to perform data exploration

Xie, Tao

384

Uncertainty principles and vector quantization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. An abstract form of the Uncertainty Principle set forth by Candes and Tao has found remarkable applications in the sparse approximation theory. This pa- per demonstates a new connection between the Uncertainty Principle and the vector quantization theory. We show that for frames in C, that satisfy the Uncertainty Principle, one can quickly convert every frame representation into a

Yurii Lyubarskii; Roman Vershynin

2010-01-01

385

Uniform uncertainty principle for Bernoulli and subgaussian ensembles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple solution to a question posed by Candes, Romberg and Tao on the uniform uncertainty principle for Bernoulli random matrices. More precisely, we show that a rectangular k*n random subgaussian matrix (with k < n) has the property that by arbitrarily extracting any m (with m < k) columns, the resulting submatrices are arbitrarily close to (multiples

Shahar Mendelson; Alain Pajor; Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann

2006-01-01

386

Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-print Network

Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles This article has been.1088/0957-4484/21/9/095301 Lithographically defined uniform worm-shaped polymeric nanoparticles L Tao1 , X M Zhao1 , J M Gao2 and W Hu1,3 1 combined with photolithography on a bi-layer polymer setup to define nano-worms laterally in nano

Gao, Jinming

387

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 535548, 2003 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/3/535/ Atmospheric  

E-print Network

constant for gaseous oxidation of Hg0 by hydroxyl radical OH used in the global scale mod- elling study 5500 Mg of Hg were emitted globally in 1995 (U.S. EPA, 1997). Recent studies have indicated that Hg re and Physics A numerical modelling study on regional mercury budget for eastern North America X. Lin and Y. Tao

Meskhidze, Nicholas

388

28 Int. J. Advanced Mechatronic Systems, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, 2010 Copyright 2010 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-print Network

28 Int. J. Advanced Mechatronic Systems, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, 2010 Copyright © 2010 Inderscience control', Int. J. Advanced Mechatronic Systems, Vol. 2, Nos. 1/2, pp.28­35. Biographical notes: Tao Geng and a Senior Member of IEEE and ACM. 1 Introduction Traditional electroencephalography (EEG) based brain

Hu, Huosheng

389

COLLEGE OF COMPUTER, MATHEMATICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES InterConnectionsJanuary 2007  

E-print Network

Rama Chellappa: Gait and Face Recognition Technology 7 Louiqa Raschid: Helping those affected of software development only works if you have rapid, highly effective and scalable soft- ware quality, the ACE+TAO+CIAO (ATC) project, which is a widely used suite of software that runs in thousands of commer

Gruner, Daniel S.

390

JDF: Detecting Duplicate Bug Reports in Jazz Yoonki Song1  

E-print Network

JDF: Detecting Duplicate Bug Reports in Jazz Yoonki Song1 Xiaoyin Wang2,3 Tao Xie1 Lu Zhang2 number of existing bug reports. This paper presents JDF (representing Jazz Duplicate Finder), a tool that helps users to find potential duplicates of bug reports on Jazz, which is a team collaboration platform

Xie, Tao

391

MISR Cloud Detection over Ice and Snow Based on Linear Correlation Matching  

E-print Network

; Nakamura and Oort, 1988), but others studies suggest clouds have a net cooling effect (Li and LeightonMISR Cloud Detection over Ice and Snow Based on Linear Correlation Matching Tao Shi , Bin Yu , and Amy Braverman Abstract Cloud detection is a crucial step in any climate modelling or prediction

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

392

Efficiently and Fairly Allocating Bandwidth at a Highly Congested Link  

E-print Network

dropping packets from higher-rate flows. Thus, RED-PD attempts to achieve fairness at low cost. By relying for the few high-rate flows. RED-NB then adaptively adjusts flow dropping probabilities to achieve maxEfficiently and Fairly Allocating Bandwidth at a Highly Congested Link Tao Wang Ibrahim Matta Azer

393

Automatic Identification of Common and Special Object-Oriented Unit Tests  

E-print Network

, the executions of these test inputs can be automatically verified. In addition, among generated tests, commonAutomatic Identification of Common and Special Object-Oriented Unit Tests Tao Xie taoxie, intuitively a bounded- stack class exhibits common behavior when the stack is nei- ther empty nor full

Xie, Tao

394

An adaptive mesh redistribution method for nonlinear HamiltonJacobi equations in two and threedimensions  

E-print Network

­dimensions H.­Z. Tang + , Tao Tang # and Pingwen Zhang + + School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University­J) equation # t +H(x, t, # x1 , · · · , # xd ) = 0, (1.1) 1 #12; 2 HUAZHONG TANG, T. TANG AND P.­W. ZHANG

395

An adaptive mesh redistribution method for nonlinear Hamilton-Jacobi equations in two-and three-dimensions  

E-print Network

-dimensions H.-Z. Tang , Tao Tang and Pingwen Zhang School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University-J) equation t + H(x, t, x1 , · · · , xd ) = 0, (1.1) 1 #12;2 HUAZHONG TANG, T. TANG AND P.-W. ZHANG where x

396

An adaptive mesh redistribution method for nonlinear HamiltonJacobi equations in two-and  

E-print Network

-dimensions H.-Z. Tang a , Tao Tang b,c,*, Pingwen Zhang a a School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University: hztang@math.pku.edu.cn (H.-Z. Tang), ttang@math.hkbu.edu.hk (T. Tang), pzhang@math.pku.edu.cn (P. Zhang

Zhang, Pingwen

397

Z. angew. Math. Phys. 55 (2004) 365382 0044-2275/04/030365-18  

E-print Network

for shallow­water equations with source terms Huazhong Tang, Tao Tang and Kun Xu Abstract. In this paper h-u-, (1.2) u2 2 + (h + a(x))G u2 - 2 + (h- + a-)G, (1.3) #12;366 H. Tang, T. Tang and K. Xu ZAMP

Tang, Tao

398

Self-Rectifying Effect in Resistive Switching Memory Using Amorphous InGaZnO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resistance random access memory (ReRAM) has received attention as next-generation memory because of its excellent operating properties and high density integration capability as a crossbar array. However, the application of the existing ReRAM as a crossbar array may lead to crosstalk between adjacent cells due to its symmetric I- V characteristics. In this study, the self-rectifying effect of contact between amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O (a-IGZO) and TaO x was examined in a Pt/a-IGZO/TaO x /Al2O3/W structure. The experimental results show not only self-rectifying behavior but also forming-free characteristics. During the deposition of a-IGZO on the TaO x , an oxygen-rich TaO x interfacial layer was formed. The rectifying effect was observed regardless of the interface formation and is believed to be associated with Schottky contact formation between a-IGZO and TaO x . The current level remained unchanged despite repeated DC sweep cycles. The low resistance state/high resistance state ratio was about 101 at a read voltage of -0.5 V, and the rectifying ratio was about 103 at ±2 V.

Lee, Jin-Woo; Kwon, Hyeon-Min; Kim, Myeong-Ho; Lee, Seung-Ryul; Kim, Young-Bae; Choi, Duck-Kyun

2014-05-01

399

The Asia Oceania Human Proteome Organisation Membrane Proteomics Initiative. Preparation and characterization of the carbonate-washed  

E-print Network

, China; 16 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; 17 Medical Proteomics Laboratory, Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Center, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, P. R. China 6 Department of Biochemistry

Chait, Brian T.

400

Neuroscience Letters 366 (2004) 5862 Age-related effects of bilateral frontal eye fields lesions on rapid eye  

E-print Network

Neuroscience Letters 366 (2004) 58­62 Age-related effects of bilateral frontal eye fields lesions on rapid eye movements during REM sleep in rhesus monkeys Shan Yua,b,1, Ning Liub,1, Tao Zengb,c, Shaohua Received 14 January 2004; received in revised form 7 April 2004; accepted 8 May 2004 Abstract Rapid eye

Zhou, Yi-Feng

401

Safety-Ensured Coordination of Networked Medical Devices in MDPnP  

E-print Network

to generate medical errors [2]. As revealed in [2], medical errors are the leading cause of death and injury the human error-induced ac- cidents. This increasing demand has led to the establishment of the MedicalSafety-Ensured Coordination of Networked Medical Devices in MDPnP Tao Li, and Jiannong Cao

Hu, Fei

402

POINTWISE ERROR ESTIMATES FOR RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS TO CONSERVATION LAWS  

E-print Network

POINTWISE ERROR ESTIMATES FOR RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS TO CONSERVATION LAWS EITAN TADMOR AND TAO that the maximum principle can be applied. Key words. conservation laws, error estimates, relaxation method@fisher.math.hkbu.edu.hk). 870 #12;RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS TO CONSERVATION LAWS 871 dissipative mechanism for discontinuities

Soatto, Stefano

403

ZHENG ET AL. VOL. 7 ' NO. 8 ' 65456554 ' 2013 www.acsnano.org  

E-print Network

-Performance Cancer Therapy Jing Zheng,, Guizhi Zhu, Yinhui Li, Chunmei Li,,§ Mingxu You, Tao Chen, Erqun Song of Chemo/Bio-Sensing and Chemometrics, College of Biology, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Physiology and Functional Genomics, Shands Cancer Center, UF Genetics Institute and McKnight Brain Institute

Tan, Weihong

404

Ledinegg instability in microchannels Tiejun Zhang a,d  

E-print Network

of conventional scale heat exchangers. The deleterious effects of these phenomena on conventional systems are wellLedinegg instability in microchannels Tiejun Zhang a,d , Tao Tong b , Je-Young Chang c , Yoav Peles online 30 September 2009 Keywords: Boiling Microchannel Two-phase flow Flow instability a b s t r a c

Peles, Yoav

405

iDVS: An Interactive Multi-document Visual Summarization System  

E-print Network

iDVS: An Interactive Multi-document Visual Summarization System Yi Zhang, Dingding Wang, and Tao Li limitations, in this paper, we develop iDVS, a visualization-enabled multi-document sum- marization system in document understanding using visualization techniques. In particular, iDVS uses a new semi-supervised docu

Li, Tao

406

Restriction theorems for a surface with negative curvature  

Microsoft Academic Search

We prove a bilinear restriction theorem for a surface of negative curvature. This is the analogue of the results of T. Wolff [19] and T. Tao [14], [15] for cones and paraboloids. As a consequence we obtain an almost sharp linear restriction theorem.

Ana Vargas; Facultad Ciencias

2005-01-01

407

Different Perspectives of Cultural Mediation: Implications for the Research Design on Studies Examining Its Effect on Students' Cognition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this forum, I extend Tao, Oliver, and Venville's paper "Chinese and Australian children's understanding of the earth: a cross cultural study of conceptual development" to discuss the different views on culture and cultural mediation. I tease out nuances in the viewpoints to suggest three ways to theoretically frame studies examining cultural…

Teo, Tang Wee

2013-01-01

408

A Pattern Tree-based Approach to Learning URL Normalization Rules  

E-print Network

A Pattern Tree-based Approach to Learning URL Normalization Rules Tao Lei , Rui Cai , Jiang}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Duplicate URLs have brought serious troubles to the whole pipeline of a search engine, from crawling, indexing, to re- sult serving. URL normalization is to transform duplicate URLs to a canonical

Narasayya, Vivek

409

Defect-Aware Synthesis of Droplet-Based Microfluidic Biochips* , Krishnendu Chakrabarty  

E-print Network

Defect-Aware Synthesis of Droplet-Based Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu , Krishnendu Chakrabarty of miniaturized biochip devices for biochemical analysis. A promising category of microfluidic biochips relies biochips are important for the emerging marketplace, especially for low-cost, portable, and disposable

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

410

Parallel Scan-Like Testing and Fault Diagnosis Techniques for Digital Microfluidic Biochips*  

E-print Network

Parallel Scan-Like Testing and Fault Diagnosis Techniques for Digital Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu, USA {tx, krish}@ee.duke.edu Abstract Dependability is an important attribute for microfluidic biochips bioassay operations. Moreover, since disposable biochips are being targeted for a highly competitive

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

411

Design and Optimization of a Digital Microfluidic Biochip for Protein Crystallization  

E-print Network

Design and Optimization of a Digital Microfluidic Biochip for Protein Crystallization Tao Xu1, and error-prone. We present the design of a multi-well plate microfluidic biochip for protein crystallization; this biochip can transfer protein samples, prepare candidate solutions, and carry out

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

412

Trial prospector: An automated clinical trials eligibility matching program. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

Parchman AJ,Zhang G-Q,Mergler P,Barnholtz-Sloan J,Lanese R,Miller DM,Opper C,Sahoo S,Tao S,Teagno J,Warfe J,Meropol NJ. University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH. ASCO 2013 Annual Meeting. 2013 May 31. 2013 Jun 04.

413

WormFarm: a quantitative control and measurement device toward automated Caenorhabditis elegans aging analysis  

E-print Network

aging analysis Bo Xian,1,3 * Jie Shen,2 * Weiyang Chen,1 * Na Sun,1,3 Nan Qiao,1,3 Dongqing Jiang,2 Tao University, Beijing 100871, China 3 Center for Molecular Systems Biology, Institute of Genetics model organism for studying the basic mechanisms of aging. Progress has been limited, however

Huang, Yanyi

414

DOI: 10.1002/asia.201300375 Aptamer-Conjugated Nanorods for Targeted Photothermal Therapy of  

E-print Network

therapeutic approach in which cancer stem cells are directly targeted and killed. In this work, aptamers se of Prostate Cancer Stem Cells Jian Wang,[a, b] Kwame Sefah,[a] Meghan B. Altman,[a] Tao Chen,[a] Mingxu You are cured, as the tumor eventually returns, which presumably results from the growth of cancer stem cells

Tan, Weihong

415

Active Balancing Using Gyroscopes for a Small Humanoid Robot  

E-print Network

Active Balancing Using Gyroscopes for a Small Humanoid Robot Jacky Baltes and Sara McGrath and John-PIE-PIE, a small humanoid robot given rate feedback from two RC gyroscopes. TAO-PIE-PIE is a fully autonomous small and 2003. The feedback control law is based solely on the rate information from two RC gyroscopes

Baltes, Jacky

416

This paper will appear at the 22nd USENIX Security Symposium in Washington, D.C., August 2013. The Velocity of Censorship: High-Fidelity Detection of Microblog Post  

E-print Network

Introduction Virtually all measurements of Internet censorship are bi- ased in some way, simply because. The Velocity of Censorship: High-Fidelity Detection of Microblog Post Deletions Tao Zhu zhutao777@gmail for exercising internal censorship, to comply with Chinese government requirements. This research seeks

Crandall, Jedidiah R.

417

Z .Sensors and Actuators 75 1999 6569 Fabrication of arrays of Schottky diodes using microtransfer molding  

E-print Network

molding Junmin Hu a , Tao Deng a , R.G. Beck b , R.M. Westervelt b , George M. Whitesides a,) a Department the application of microtransfer molding--a representative soft lithographic technique--to the fabrication of simple Schottky diodes on silicon. The fabrication of a diode involved two microtransfer molding steps

Prentiss, Mara

418

An Inventory of Natural, Human, and Social Overhead Capital Resources in North-Central New Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerned with the north-central area of New Mexico (Rio Arriba, Taos, Colfax, Mora, Santa Fe, and San Miguel counties), this inventory describes the situation and delineation of the region, the natural resources (physical characteristics, land, land-ownership patterns, land-use patterns, land-title problems, water resources, and minerals); human…

Carruthers, Garrey; Eastman, Clyde

419

This article was downloaded by:[University of Michigan] On: 25 February 2008  

E-print Network

://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713658732 Discordance of Species Trees with Their Most Likely Gene Trees: The Case of Five Taxa Noah A February 2008 To cite this Article: Rosenberg, Noah A. and Tao, Randa (2008) 'Discordance of Species Trees with Their Most Likely Gene Trees: The Case of Five Taxa', Systematic Biology, 57:1, 131 - 140 To link

Rosenberg, Noah

420

Flexible Terahertz Metamaterials: Towards a Terahertz Metamaterial Invisible Cloak , N. I. Landy2  

E-print Network

Flexible Terahertz Metamaterials: Towards a Terahertz Metamaterial Invisible Cloak Hu Tao1 , N. I In this work, we present flexible metamaterials on free standing polyimide substrates operating at terahertz (THz) frequencies range. The successful demonstration of THz flexible metamaterials provides a path

421

Microwave and Terahertz wave sensing with metamaterials  

E-print Network

Microwave and Terahertz wave sensing with metamaterials Hu Tao,1 Emil A. Kadlec,2 Andrew C designed, fabricated, and characterized metamaterial enhanced bimaterial cantilever pixels for far codes: (160.3918) Metamaterials; (040.2235) Detectors, Far infrared or terahertz; (050.6875) Three

Zhang, Xin

422

Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies  

E-print Network

Stand-up magnetic metamaterials at terahertz frequencies Kebin Fan,1 Andrew C. Strikwerda,2 Hu Tao, the characterization of these metamaterials shows a strong response induced purely by the magnetic field. The retrieved for both single and broad side coupled split rings. Our 3D metamaterial examples pave the way towards

Zhang, Xin

423

An Approximation Scheme for Black-Scholes Equations with Mou-Hsiung Chang  

E-print Network

An Approximation Scheme for Black-Scholes Equations with Delays Mou-Hsiung Chang Tao Pang for an infinite dimensional Black-Scholes equation obtained in Chang and Youree [5]. The equation arises from a consideration of an European option pricing problem in a market in which stock prices and the riskless asset

Pang, Tao

424

NEWS BRIEFS News in Brief  

E-print Network

Real estate dominoes TCC move shifts downtown, uptown Weatherford shoppers get `Big' retail opportunity Vision development, a $576-million, 800-acre mixed-use development and flood control project slated Professor Meng Tao and Assistant Professor Weidong Zhou have developed a process that would reduce the cost

Chiao, Jung-Chih

425

REMARKS ON THE CAUCHY PROBLEM FOR THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL QUADRATIC (FRACTIONAL) HEAT EQUATION  

E-print Network

REMARKS ON THE CAUCHY PROBLEM FOR THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL QUADRATIC (FRACTIONAL) HEAT EQUATION LUC quadratic (fractional) heat equation: ut = D2 x u u2 , t (0, T), x R or T, with 0 introduced by Bejenaru-Tao [1] for a one-dimensional quadratic Schr¨odinger equation. This approach is based

Boyer, Edmond

426

Comma Restoration Using Constituency Information Stuart M. Shieber  

E-print Network

Comma Restoration Using Constituency Information Stuart M. Shieber Harvard University shieber@deas.harvard.edu Xiaopeng Tao Harvard University xptao@deas.harvard.edu Abstract Automatic restoration of punctuation from the performance of an HMM-based system for restoring punctuation (specifically, commas) in text. Our best methods

Shieber, Stuart

427

7 Yang, Z. et al. (2005) Arabidopsis ERF4 is a transcriptional repressor capable of modulating ethylene and abscisic acid responses. Plant Mol.  

E-print Network

ethylene and abscisic acid responses. Plant Mol. Biol. 58, 585­596 8 Song, C-P. et al. (2005) Role of an Arabidopsis AP2/EREBP-type transcriptional repressor in abscisic acid and drought stress responses. Plant Cell and light signaling networks? Trends Plant Sci. 11, 4­7 10 Tao, L. et al. (2005) RAC GTPases in tobacco

Berkowitz, Alan R.

428

Crowd Counting and Profiling: Methodology and Evaluation  

E-print Network

, and Tao Xiang Abstract Video imagery based crowd analysis for population profiling and density estimation for video imagery based crowd counting, and provides a systematic evalu- ation of different methods using [35]. For instance, a crowd crush at the 2010 Love Parade music festival in Germany, caused a death

Gong, Shaogang

429

Los Alamos National Laboratory August 2010  

E-print Network

Rd. Knoxville, TN 37932 865-769-8888 B&B Environmental Safety, Inc. 4200 West Jemez Road Los Alamos. 201 Camino de la Merced Taos, NM 87571 575-758-4175 Burgos Group, LLC 4700 Lincoln Road NE Albuquerque-267 -t613 Cavanagh Services Group, Inc. 261 8.300 South, Suite 200 Salt Lake City, UT 841I I 80t-532

430

slides compiled from Alex Aiken's,  

E-print Network

Testing slides compiled from Alex Aiken's, Neelam Gupta's, Tao Xie's. #12;CS590F Software Reliability Why Testing Researchers investigate many approaches to improving software quality But the world tests > 50% of the cost of software development is testing Testing is consistently a hot research topic

Zhang, Xiangyu

431

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs  

E-print Network

Automatically Identifying Special and Common Unit Tests for Object-Oriented Programs Tao Xie@cs.washington.edu Abstract Developers often create common tests and special tests, which exercise common behaviors and special behaviors of the class under test, respectively. Although manually created tests are valuable

Xie, Tao

432

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions  

E-print Network

Tool-Assisted Unit-Test Generation and Selection Based on Operational Abstractions Tao Xie1 of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 Abstract. Unit testing, a common step in software development, presents a chal- lenge. When produced manually, unit test suites are often insufficient to identify defects. The main

Xie, Tao

433

Computing Precision and Recall with Missing or Uncertain Ground Truth  

E-print Network

Computing Precision and Recall with Missing or Uncertain Ground Truth Bart Lamiroy1 and Tao Sun2 1 and recall measures in total absence of ground truth. We develop a probabilis- tic interpretation of both performance mea- sure to compare methods if no ground truth is available. This paper also shows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

Unified Mie and fractal scattering by biological cells and subcellular structures  

E-print Network

Unified Mie and fractal scattering by biological cells and subcellular structures Tao T. Wu,1, * Jianan Y. Qu,1 and Min Xu2 1 Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Hong Kong University and fractal model is shown to provide an accurate global agreement with light scatter- ing spectra from 1

Qu, Jianan

435

Electrically switchable phase-type fractal zone plates and fractal photon sieves  

E-print Network

Electrically switchable phase-type fractal zone plates and fractal photon sieves Yan Jun Liu,1 Hai Tao Dai,2 Xiao Wei Sun,2,* and Tony Jun Huang1,* 1 Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore *junhuang

436

RANGING ENERGY OPTIMIZATION FOR ROBUST SENSOR POSITIONING WITH COLLABORATIVE ANCHORS  

E-print Network

sensor networks (WSNs). In practice, it is costly to equip each sen- sor with a global positioning system positioning system based on two-way ranging between a sensor and beacons. In this paper, we consider sensorRANGING ENERGY OPTIMIZATION FOR ROBUST SENSOR POSITIONING WITH COLLABORATIVE ANCHORS Tao Wang

Leus, Geert

437

Firmware approach to fast Lisp interpreter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach to speed up a Lisp interpreter by implementing it in firmware seems promising. A microcoded Lisp interpreter shows good performance for very simple benchmarks, while it often fails to provide good performance for larger benchmarks and applications unless speedup techniques are devised for it. This was the case for the TAO\\/ELIS system. This paper describes various techniques devised

Hiroshi G. Okuno; Nobuyasu Osato; Ikuo Takeuchi

1987-01-01

438

Critical Success Factors of Open Markets on the Internet in Terms of Buyers  

E-print Network

., Fishbein, M.: Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Prentice- Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ costs. Psychology and Marketing. 21, 799-822 (2004) 30. Qiu, L.Y., Li, D.: Applying TAM in B2C eCritical Success Factors of Open Markets on the Internet in Terms of Buyers Sung Ho Ha, Luo Tao Liu

Boyer, Edmond

439

Physiological Relevance of Successive Hydroxylations of Toluene by Toluene para-Monooxygenase of Ralstonia pickettii  

E-print Network

-Monooxygenase of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1 AYELET FISHMAN, YING TAO and THOMAS K. WOOD* Departments of Chemical Engineering (TpMO) of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1 (encoded by tbuA1UBVA2C) performs successive hydroxylations para-monooxygenase (TpMO) of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1, formerly known as toluene 3-mono- oxygenase (T3

Wood, Thomas K.

440

EIGENVALUES OF HERMITIAN MATRICES AND EQUIVARIANT COHOMOLOGY OF GRASSMANNIANS  

E-print Network

, EDWARD RICHMOND, AND ALEXANDER YONG ABSTRACT. The saturation theorem of [Knutson­Tao '99] concerns a generalization [Friedland '00] to majorized sums of Hermitian matrices. We further illustrate the common features result gives a Schubert calculus interpretation of Friedland's problem, via equivariant cohomology

Yong, Alexander

441

ON FALCONER'S DISTANCE SET CONJECTURE M. BURAK ERDO~GAN  

E-print Network

ON FALCONER'S DISTANCE SET CONJECTURE M. BURAK ERDO~GAN Abstract. In this paper, using a recent parabolic restriction estimate of Tao, we obtain improved partial results in the direction of Falconer] and [13]. Falconer's conjecture [8] is a variant of Erd¨os' conjecture: Conjecture. Let d 2. Let E

Erdogan, Mehmet

442

Joint Texture and Depth Map Video Coding Based on the Scalable Extension of H.264/AVC  

E-print Network

Joint Texture and Depth Map Video Coding Based on the Scalable Extension of H.264/AVC Siping Tao1 video applications, both the texture video and its associated depth map are required for transmission.g. the Advanced Video Coding (H.264/AVC) standard, can be adopted to compress the depth map using the 4:0:0 chroma

Gabbouj, Moncef

443

The Role of Discursive Resources in Science Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tao, Oliver, and Venville's paper addresses a debate between two hypotheses of children's development of conceptual understandings of the Earth. The authors aim to investigate whether culture influences students' conceptions of the Earth. However, one questionable assumption shared among conception and conceptual change studies is that researchers…

Hsu, Pei-Ling

2013-01-01

444

Children's Books. Book Reviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 10 children's books, published or reissued 1988-93, about daily life, traditional culture, and schooling among Taos Pueblo, Zuni Pueblo, Navajo, Inuit, Guatemalan, and other Native peoples, as well as tales from Native American oral tradition, the life of a buffalo, and Cherokee and Athapascan historical fiction. Includes grade range and…

Moulton, Kate

1994-01-01

445

ORAL PRESENTATION Open Access Polycomb-independent activity of EZH2 in  

E-print Network

,2,3 , Changmeng Cai4 , Edward C Stack2,5,6 , Massimo Loda2,5,6,7 , Tao Liu1,3 , Colm Morrissey8 , Robert L that the loss-of-function mutations of EZH2 were observed in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute leukemia [7

Liu, Xiaole Shirley

446

IAC-04-IAA.3.6.4.07 INNNOVATIVE INTERSTELLAR EXPLORER  

E-print Network

-Tze, Tao Te Ching. INTRODUCTION Travel to the stars has been a staple of science fiction for a great part of a science probe that would reach a heliocentric distance of at least 200 astronomical units (AU) in 15 years). The required speed is achieved by a high-energy launch, using current launch vehicle technology, followed

Gruntman, Mike

447

Why one must use reweighting in Estimation Of Distribution Algorithms  

E-print Network

Why one must use reweighting in Estimation Of Distribution Algorithms F. Teytaud and O. Teytaud TAO, and were therefore much more likely to vote for Landon; whereas Roosevelt finally got 61 % of votes, with only a much smaller sample (50 000 people). Estimation of Distribution Algorithms are similar to polls

Boyer, Edmond

448

Evolutionary Document Summarization for Disaster Management  

E-print Network

Evolutionary Document Summarization for Disaster Management Dingding Wang Li Zheng Tao Li Yi Deng. In addition, it is also very challenging to extract the changes of the event at different phases for disaster management. In this paper, we develop a novel evolutionary summarization system to summarize the changes

Li, Tao

449

A Survey on Wavelet Applications in Data Mining Department of  

E-print Network

A Survey on Wavelet Applications in Data Mining Tao Li Department of Computer Science Univ in the use of wavelet methods in various data mining processes. However, there has been written presents a high-level data-mining framework that reduces the overall process into smaller components

Li, Tao

450

Group Counseling With Emotionally Disturbed School Children in Taiwan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of group counseling to emotionally disturbed school children in Chinese culture was examined. Two junior high schools located in Tao-Yuan Province were randomly selected with two eighth-grade classes randomly selected from each school. Ten emotionally disturbed students were chosen from each class and randomly assigned to two…

Chiu, Peter

451

Maintaining visibility constraints during tele-echography with ultrasound visual servoing  

E-print Network

, redundancy I. INTRODUCTION Among the different medical imaging modalities, such as ultrasound (US) imaging, XMaintaining visibility constraints during tele-echography with ultrasound visual servoing Tao Li to maintain the visibility of an anatomic element of interest while the doctor tele-operates a 2D ultrasound

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

452

nanoparticles water-soluble and biocompatible.The polyethylene gly-col chains are terminated with primary amines to facilitate synthetic  

E-print Network

, Sean P Orton, SethT Gammon, Wenyi Che, Gilbert D Feke,Tao Ji, M Catherine Muenker, Megan Schmidt,Victoria Jacobs, DouglasVizard & William McLaughlin Carestream Molecular Imaging, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Correspondence should be addressed to W.M. (william.mclaughlin@carestreamhealth.com). a b c d Figure 1 | Near

Cai, Long

453

www.nature.com/naturemethods nature methods | VOL.6 NO.6 | JUNE 2009  

E-print Network

: traps for the unwary William Ritchie, Stephane Flamant & John E J Rasko research hiGhliGhts 401 for longitudinal cell tracking in mice W Matthew Leevy, Sean P Orton, Seth T Gammon, Wenyi Che, Gilbert D Feke, Tao Ji, M Catherine Muenker, Megan Schmidt, Victoria Jacobs, Douglas Vizard & William McLaughlin vii

Cai, Long

454

Synchronization Primitives for a Multiprocessor: A Formal Specification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formal specifications of operating system interfaces can be a useful part of theirdocumentation. We illustrate this by documenting the Threads synchronizationprimitives of the Taos operating system. We start with an informal description,present a way to formally specify interfaces in concurrent systems, and then givea formal specification of the synchronization primitives. We briefly discuss boththe implementation and what we have learned

Andrew Birrell; John V. Guttag; James J. Horning; Roy Levin

1987-01-01

455

Towards Event Sequence Representation, Reasoning and Visualization for EHR Data  

E-print Network

Towards Event Sequence Representation, Reasoning and Visualization for EHR Data Cui Tao Dept. of Health Science Research Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN Krist Wongsuphasawat Human-Computer Interaction Lab. of Health Science Research Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN ABSTRACT Efficient analysis of event sequences

Golbeck, Jennifer

456

Temporal Image Reconstruction in Electrical Impedance Tomography  

E-print Network

Temporal Image Reconstruction in Electrical Impedance Tomography Andy Adler1 , Tao Dai1 , William R, University of Manchester, UK E-mail: adler@sce.carleton.ca Abstract. Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT adjacent frame data to reduce reconstructed image noise. Keywords: Electrical Impedance Tomography

Adler, Andy

457

Four-Dimensional Regularization for Electrical Impedance Tomography Imaging , Manuchehr Soleimani  

E-print Network

Four-Dimensional Regularization for Electrical Impedance Tomography Imaging Tao Dai 1 , Manuchehr Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) calculates an estimate of the conductivity distribution within a body- drical finite element model (FEM) which has nN piecewise smooth tetrahedral elements and is discretized

Adler, Andy

458

Scoping Plan Measures Implementation Timeline May 5, 2009  

E-print Network

Scheehle 17 Tire Tread Program T-4 C-63 CEC 2009 2010 0.3 Regulation Ray Tuvell 18 Oil and Gas Extraction ARB 2010 2015 2.5 Regulation Tao Huai 24 Refinery Flare Recovery System Improvement I-4 C-155 ARB Refinery Regulations I-5 C-156 ARB, Local Air Districts Dec-10 2012 0.01 Regulation Reza Lorestany 26 GHG

459

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North by invoking their APIs. Those APIs, however, are often com- plex and not well documented, posing barriers for developers to use them in new client code. To get familiar with how those APIs are used, developers may

Xie, Tao

460

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code  

E-print Network

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract Incorrect handling of errors incurred after API invoca- tions (in short, API errors) can lead to security and robust- ness problems, two primary threats to software reliability. Correct handling of API

Young, R. Michael

461

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-print Network

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie Department}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessi- tating automated present a novel framework for mining API error- handling specifications automatically from API client code

Xie, Tao

462

SHARP GLOBAL WELL-POSEDNESS FOR KDV AND MODIFIED KDV ON R AND T  

E-print Network

SHARP GLOBAL WELL-POSEDNESS FOR KDV AND MODIFIED KDV ON R AND T J. COLLIANDER, M. KEEL, G. STAFFILANI, H. TAKAOKA, AND T. TAO Abstract. The initial value problems for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and modi#12;ed KdV (mKdV) equations under periodic and decaying boundary con- ditions are considered

Keel, Markus

463

Continuous Privacy Preserving Publishing of Data Simon Fraser University, Canada 2  

E-print Network

Yufei Tao3 Yan Jia2 1 Simon Fraser University, Canada 2 National University of Defense Technology, China occupation age income 10230 high school teacher 32 55 k 21032 physician 42 95 k 21030 dentist 40 110 k 10210 primary school teacher 38 58 k 21030 surgeon 36 150 k 10285 sessional instructor 28 42 k (a) A table

Pei, Jian

464

THE MANY-ELECTRON ENERGY IN DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY  

E-print Network

to Tell an Atom From an Electron Gas: A Semi-Local Index of Density Inhomogene- ity, J. P. Perdew, J. TaoTHE MANY-ELECTRON ENERGY IN DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY From Exchange-Correlation Functional Design to Applied Electronic Structure Calculations Rickard Armiento Doctoral Thesis KTH School of Engineering

Armiento, Rickard

465

CCCG 2011, Toronto ON, August 1012, 2011 Isotopic Frechet Distance  

E-print Network

CCCG 2011, Toronto ON, August 10­12, 2011 Isotopic Fr´echet Distance Erin W. Chambers Tao Ju David Letscher Lu Liu§ Abstract We present a variant of the Fr´echet distance (as well as geodesic and homotopic Fr´echet distance) which forces the motion between the input objects to fol- low an ambient isotopy

Ju, Tao

466

CONSTELLATIONS IN Pd BRIAN COOK AKOS MAGYAR  

E-print Network

CONSTELLATIONS IN Pd BRIAN COOK ´AKOS MAGYAR Abstract. Let A be a subset of positive relative upper such a result was obtained by Tao [9], showing that the Gaussian primes contain arbitrary constellations. In the same paper the problem of finding constellations in dense subsets of Pd was raised and briefly

Magyar, Akos

467

CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 50: 203214, 2011  

E-print Network

centered south of Japan brings more mois- ture from the Yellow and East China Seas into the eastern part abruptly comes to an end in East Asia (Tao & Chen 1987, Ding 1992, Lau & Yang 1997). The sea- sonal. INTRODUCTION Each year, as the summer monsoon develops and advances northward over East Asia, a seasonal rain

Dai, Aiguo

468

A Day in the Navy May 19, 2012  

E-print Network

AOR. · USNS Kanawha (T-AO 196) and USNS SGT Matej Kocak (T-AK 3005) are in the Mediterranean Sea in the Mediterranean Sea. #12;· USS Germantown (LSD 42) and USS Lassen (DDG 82) visit Sattahip Naval Base, Thailand

469

We Shared the Same Chapter: Collaboration, Learning, and Transformation from the 2008 Subsistence, the Environment, and Community Well-Being Native Youth Exchange in Old Harbor, Alaska Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On a small island belonging to the Alutiiq people of Old Harbor, 11 people sat around a campfire. Two community leaders, a nonprofit organizer, an academic scholar, a native filmmaker, and six young people from the Indian reservation of Taos Pueblo in New Mexico gathered after a day of interacting with Old Harbor residents--fishing, hunting and…

Richmond, Laurie; Di Piero, Daniela; Espinoza, Flowers; Simeonoff, Teacon; Faraday, Margaret

2010-01-01

470

A Comparative Sketch of Pueblo Languages: Phonology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to determine some of the shared phonological traits among Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest, this paper compares the sound systems of Pueblo languages. The languages within the scope of this research are Zuni, Keresan (Acoma and Santa Ana), and Tanoan (Sandia, Taos, Jemez, and Santa Clara). It is noted that Pueblo Indians have…

Yumitani, Yukihiro

471

How entropy-theorems can show that off-line approximating high-dim Pareto-fronts is too  

E-print Network

Olivier Teytaud TAO-inria, LRI, UMR 8623(CNRS - Universite Paris-Sud), bat 490 Universite Paris-Sud 91405 with deterministic methods (see [10]), and some others with evolutionary algorithms (EA) ([3]). Usually, Evolution (see e.g. [10, chap.3]), or for specific cases in population-based methods (see e.g. [9]), or very

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

472

Dopamine Transporter Binding Is Unaffected by L-DOPA Administration in Normal and MPTP-Treated Monkeys  

E-print Network

-Treated Monkeys Pierre-Olivier Fernagut1 *, Qin Li2,3 , Sandra Dovero1 , Piu Chan4 , Tao Wu4 , Paula Ravenscroft2 interfere with DAT binding. Post-mortem DAT binding was conducted in normal and MPTP-treated macaque monkeys MPTP monkeys regardless of L-DOPA treatment. L-DOPA had no significant effect on post-mortem DAT

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Project: El Nino and La Nina 3-D Visualizations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can view a selection of animations of ocean surface temperature and dynamic height derived from data from the TAO/TRITON buoy array moored in the Pacific Ocean. The animations show temperature and surface topography variations consistent with the development of El Nino and La Nina events.

474

6. Professional Activities (Astrophysics): 6a. Meetings Organization  

E-print Network

Organizing Committee, ESA Workshop ``Physics of Accretion onto Compact Objects'' Tenerife, Spain. 1987 Panel Organising Committee, ``High Energy Astrophysics in the 21st Century'', Taos NM 1993 Session Organiser, IAU 6 Committee ``1994 High Energy Astrophysics Division Meeting: The Multi­Mission Perspective'', Napa, CA 1995

Elvis, Martin

475

Emphasis on Interpersonal Factors in a Dynamic Model of Relapse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents comments on "Relapse Prevention Needs More Emphasis on Interpersonal Factors" by Stanton which is a comment on the original article "Relapse Prevention for Alcohol and Drug Problems: That Was Zen, This Is Tao" by Katie Witkiewitz and G. Alan Marlatt. In the current comment the authors of the original article respond to…

Witkiewitz, Katie; Marlatt, G. Alan

2005-01-01

476

Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Zhen-Gang Wang,  

E-print Network

Electrostatic Regulation of Genome Packaging in Human Hepatitis B Virus Tao Jiang, Zhen-Gang Wang, California ABSTRACT Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a contagious human pathogen causing liver diseases-termini. INTRODUCTION Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a pararetrovirus responsible for up to 80% of all cases

Wu, Jianzhong

477

Performance Evaluation of Ultra-tight Integration of GPS/Vehicle Sensors for Land  

E-print Network

areas including software receiver development, satellite-based navigation, inertial navigation are used to constrain the inertial navigation error. The violations of non-holonomic constraints Navigation Tao Li, Mark G. Petovello and G. Lachapelle Position, Location And Navigation (PLAN) Group

Calgary, University of

478

A GENERAL GRAPH DECOMPOSITION AND MINIMUM CUTS COMPOSITION FRAMEWORK FOR MIN-CUT PROBLEM  

E-print Network

A GENERAL GRAPH DECOMPOSITION AND MINIMUM CUTS COMPOSITION FRAMEWORK FOR MIN-CUT PROBLEM WENBING TAO AND XUE-CHENG TAI Abstract. A general graph decomposition and minimum cuts composition framework. Based on the graph decomposition method and minimum cuts composition theorem, we develop a general

Soatto, Stefano

479

ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCE LETTERS, 2013, VOL. 6, NO. 5, 248252 Weakening of Winter North Atlantic Oscillation Signal in Spring  

E-print Network

- soon (Wu and Huang, 1999), spring Eurasian surface air temperature (Shen and Kimoto, 2007), and East Atlantic Oscillation Signal in Spring Precipitation over Southern China ZHOU Bo-Tao1,2 1 National Climate southern China (SCP) in the following spring (March­May) was investigated. Results showed an interdecadal

480

Using IBM Rational Insight to get metrics and reports for Rational Quality Manager: Part 1.  

E-print Network

Using IBM Rational Insight to get metrics and reports for Rational Quality Manager: Part 1. Configure connections from Rational Insight to Rational Quality Manager Skill Level: Intermediate Jun Tao and reports for IBM® Rational® Quality Manager from IBM® Rational® Insight. This, the first article, explains

481

Selective Manipulation of ZnO Nanowires by Controlled Dielectrophoretic Force  

E-print Network

Selective Manipulation of ZnO Nanowires by Controlled Dielectrophoretic Force Quan Tao, Liming Liu, and photovoltaics because of its unique mechanical and electrical properties. In order to manipulate ZnO nanowires, people have performed extensive research in the electronic properties of the ZnO nanostructures

Li, Guangyong

482

Direct Determination of Gold in Rock Samples Using Collision Cell Quadrupole ICP-MS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the determination of Au in rock samples using collision cell quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It is essential to remove various interferents using a collision cell because polyatomic ions such as 181Ta16O+ and 180Hf16O1H+ can interfere with the direct determination of monoisotopic 197Au when using ICP-MS. The addition of oxygen as a reaction gas removed isobaric interferents by transforming TaO+ and HfOH+ to TaO{2/+}, TaO{3/+}, and HfO2H+, HfO3H+, respectively, in the cell without significant Au+ loss. The ion kinetic energy effect (IKEE) due to the potential difference between the plasma and the hexapole affected the reactions in the cell. Au and interfering ions were very sensitive to cell bias voltage (Vc) at constant plasma potential (Vp) and quadrupole bias voltage (Vq). Under the condition of hot plasma, the transmission of ions was promoted, and the maximum Au signal intensity was 50% greater than under normal conditions. At Vc > 7 V, TaO+ ions were removed to background level. Optimized conditions for real sample analysis were obtained by introducing He as an additional collision gas in hot plasma. TaO+ ions were removed to background level at He flow rates above 0.6 mL min-1, and the Au signal remained high. The detection limit (three times the standard deviation of the blank) of this method was 3.06 pg g-1. The results for reference materials (STM-1 and DGPM-1) and spiked samples showed good agreement between specified and measured concentrations.

Yim, Seong A.; Choi, Man Sik; Chae, Jung Sun

2012-01-01

483

Direct determination of gold in rock samples using collision cell quadrupole ICP-MS.  

PubMed

This study investigated the determination of Au in rock samples using collision cell quadrupole inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It is essential to remove various interferents using a collision cell because polyatomic ions such as (181)Ta(16)O(+) and (180)Hf(16)O(1)H(+) can interfere with the direct determination of monoisotopic (197)Au when using ICP-MS. The addition of oxygen as a reaction gas removed isobaric interferents by transforming TaO(+) and HfOH(+) to TaO(2)(+), TaO(3)(+), and HfO(2)H(+), HfO(3)H(+), respectively, in the cell without significant Au(+) loss. The ion kinetic energy effect (IKEE) due to the potential difference between the plasma and the hexapole affected the reactions in the cell. Au and interfering ions were very sensitive to cell bias voltage (Vc) at constant plasma potential (Vp) and quadrupole bias voltage (Vq). Under the condition of hot plasma, the transmission of ions was promoted, and the maximum Au signal intensity was 50% greater than under normal conditions. At Vc > 7 V, TaO(+) ions were removed to background level. Optimized conditions for real sample analysis were obtained by introducing He as an additional collision gas in hot plasma. TaO(+) ions were removed to background level at He flow rates above 0.6 mL min(-1), and the Au signal remained high. The detection limit (three times the standard deviation of the blank) of this method was 3.06 pg g(-1). The results for reference materials (STM-1 and DGPM-1) and spiked samples showed good agreement between specified and measured concentrations. PMID:22045542

Yim, Seong A; Choi, Man Sik; Chae, Jung Sun

2012-01-01

484

Stickler syndrome, ocular-only variants and a key diagnostic role for the ophthalmologist  

PubMed Central

The entity described by Gunnar Stickler, which included hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy associated with retinal detachment, has recently been recognised to consist of a number of subgroups, which might now more correctly be referred to as the Stickler syndromes. They are the most common clinical manifestation of the type II/XI collagenopathies and are the most common cause of inherited rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. This review article is intended to provide the ophthalmologist with an update on current research, subgroups, and their diagnosis together with a brief overview of allied conditions to be considered in the clinical differential diagnosis. We highlight the recently identified subgroups with a high risk of retinal detachment but with minimal or absent systemic involvement—a particularly important group for the ophthalmologist to identify. PMID:21921955

Snead, M P; McNinch, A M; Poulson, A V; Bearcroft, P; Silverman, B; Gomersall, P; Parfect, V; Richards, A J

2011-01-01

485

Thyroid disease  

SciTech Connect

Presenting a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid disease, this volume provides a comprehensive picture of current thyroid medicine and surgery. The book integrates the perspectives of the many disciplines that deal with the clinical manifestations of thyroid disorders. Adding to the clinical usefulness of the book is the state-of-the-art coverage of many recent developments in thyroidology, including the use of highly sensitive two-site TSH immunoradionetric measurements to diagnose thyroid activity; thyroglobulin assays in thyroid cancer and other diseases; new diagnostic applications of MRI and CT; treatment with radionuclides and chemotherapy; new developments in thyroid immunology, pathology, and management of hyperthyroidism; suppressive treatment with thyroid hormone; and management of Graves' ophthalmopathy. The book also covers all aspects of thyroid surgery, including surgical treatment of hyperthyroidism; papillary, follicular, and other carcinomas; thyroidectomy; and prevention and management of complications.

Falk, S.

1990-01-01

486

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory On-Line Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides access to a variety of oceanographic and atmospheric data products. Some of the products available include Ocean Buoy data, tsunami data, 1997-98 El Nino sea level for the US West Coast, Alaska, and Hawaii, real-time images and data from research ships, climate databases via the FERRET program, the Atmospheric Chemistry Data Server, seafloor data from the coaxial segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, data on exploration of hydrothermal vents, Florida current transport data, EPIC observational data, Pacific Ocean hydrography from WOCE P15S Cruise cross sections, Ka'imimoana Shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profile (ADCP) Data, Atmospheric Chemistry Trace Gas Program data, Historical TAO CTD data, near real-time TAO CTD data, and access to other distributed NOAA data and information. This site also has animations and virtual reality displays of tsunamis, El Nino and La Nina, fisheries oceanography, and Convection and Circulation at Ocean Ridge Crests.

487

Role of lone-pair electrons in Sb-doped amorphous InGaZnO4: Suppression of the hole-induced lattice instability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transparent amorphous oxide semiconductors (TAOS's) are of practical importance for applications including oxide electronics and displays. Here we show the lone-pair s-electrons incorporated by for example Sb-doping can suppress the hole-induced lattice instability, which has been a major obstacle to commercial application of the TAOS-based thin film transistors. The Sb(III)-O sp?* hybridization in the top-most valence states makes the lone-pair s-electrons to capture the excited holes, the Sb(V)O6 octahedral bonding configuration by which formed is easily dissociated into the stable lone-pair Sb(III) state by recapturing conduction electrons.

Nahm, Ho-Hyun; Kim, Yong-Sung

2013-04-01

488

Statistical Methods for Detecting Stellar Occultations by Kuiper Belt Objects: the Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey  

E-print Network

The Taiwanese-American Occultation Survey (TAOS) will detect objects in the Kuiper Belt, by measuring the rate of occultations of stars by these objects, using an array of three to four 50cm wide-field robotic telescopes. Thousands of stars will be monitored, resulting in hundreds of millions of photometric measurements per night. To optimize the success of TAOS, we have investigated various methods of gathering and processing the data and developed statistical methods for detecting occultations. In this paper we discuss these methods. The resulting estimated detection efficiencies will be used to guide the choice of various operational parameters determining the mode of actual observation when the telescopes come on line and begin routine observations. In particular we show how real-time detection algorithms may be constructed, taking advantage of having multiple telescopes. We also discuss a retrospective method for estimating the rate at which occultations occur.

Chyng-Lan Liang; John A. Rice; Imke de Pater; Charles Alcock; Tim Axelrod; Andrew Wang

2002-09-24

489

Berry Curvature and Phonon Hall Effect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We establish the general phonon dynamics of magnetic solids by incorporating the Mead-Truhlar correction in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The effective magnetic-field acting on the phonons naturally emerges, giving rise to the phonon Hall effect. A general formula of the intrinsic phonon Hall conductivity is obtained by using the corrected Kubo formula with the energy magnetization contribution properly incorporated. The resulting phonon Hall conductivity is fully determined by the phonon Berry curvature and the dispersions. Based on the formula, the topological phonon system could be rigorously defined. In the low temperature regime, we predict that the phonon Hall conductivity is proportional to T^3 for the ordinary phonon systems, while that for the topological phonon systems has the linear T dependence with the quantized temperature coefficient. [4pt] [1] Tao Qin and Junren Shi, arXiv:1111.1322 (2011) [0pt] [2] Tao Qin, Qian Niu and Junren Shi, Phys. Rev. Lett., Accepted, (2011).

Qin, Tao; Shi, Junren

2012-02-01

490

Compositional investigation of liquid crystal alignment on tantalum oxide via ion beam irradiation  

SciTech Connect

The homogeneously aligned liquid crystal display on Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} via ion beam (IB) irradiation was first embodied with controllability of pretilt angle depending on incident angle of the IB. As a result of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis, the intensity of Ta-O and O-Ta bondings as a function of incident angle behaved reversely with the pretilt angle and the lowest amplitude was observed at 45 deg. It revealed that the creation of pretilt angle was attributed to the irradiation of the IB by breaking Ta-O and O-Ta bonding so orientational order was generated by directional IB. Comparable electro-optical characteristics to rubbed polyimide were also achieved.

Kim, Jong-Yeon; Oh, Byeong-Yun; Kim, Byoung-Yong; Kim, Young-Hwan; Han, Jin-Woo; Han, Jeong-Min; Seo, Dae-Shik [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, College of Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemoon-ku, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of)

2008-01-28

491

Benchmark solutions for MHD solver development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A benchmark solution is of great importance in validating algorithms and codes for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flows. Hunt and Shercliff's solutions are usually employed as benchmarks for MHD flows in a duct with insulated walls or with thin conductive walls, in which wall effects on MHD are represented by the wall conductance ratio. With wall thickness resolved, it is stressed that the solution of Sloan and Smith's and the solution of Butler's can be used to check the error of the thin wall approximation condition used for Hunt's solutions. It is noted that Tao and Ni's solutions can be used as a benchmark for MHD flows in a duct with wall symmetrical or unsymmetrical, thick or thin. When the walls are symmetrical, Tao and Ni's solutions are reduced to Sloan and Smith's solution and Butler's solution, respectively.

Tao, Zhen; Ni, MingJiu

2013-02-01

492

Pointwise convergence rate for nonlinear con servation laws  

E-print Network

convergence rate in this case is upper bounded by ku ffl (\\Delta; t) \\Gamma u(\\Delta; t)k L 1 Ÿ const.ffl: (6Pointwise convergence rate for nonlinear con­ servation laws Eitan Tadmor and Tao Tang Abstract. We finitely many shocks. It is well­known that u ffl (\\Delta; t) converges strongly in L 1 to u(\\Delta; t

Tang, Tao

493

A Geometric Study of V-style Pop-ups: Theories and Algorithms Xian-Ying Li1  

E-print Network

page. There has only been limited study of pop-ups as a geometric prob- lem. Existing works focusA Geometric Study of V-style Pop-ups: Theories and Algorithms Xian-Ying Li1 Tao Ju2 Yan Gu1 Shi) Figure 1: Left (a,b): a v-style pop-up at its fully opened state (a), and an intermediate state

Ju, Tao

494

Topological insulators on a Mobius Strip  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the two dimensional Chern insulator and spin Hall insulator on a non-orientable Riemann surface, the Mobius strip, where the usual bandstructure topological invariant is not defined. We show that while the flow pattern of edge currents can detect the twist of the Mobius strip in the case of Chern insulator, it can not do so in spin Hall insulator [1]. [4pt] [1] Lang-Tao Huang and Dung-Hai Lee, Phys. Rev. B 84, 193106 (2011)

Huang, Lang-Tao; Lee, Dung-Hai

2012-02-01

495

Angularly-resolved elastic light scattering of micro-particles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From microbiology to astrophysics, the scientific community has long embraced elastic light scattering from small particles as a diagnostic tool. Elastic light scattering has an extremely large scattering cross-section, allowing for single particle interrogation. This is critical in applications where trace amounts of suspect particles are to be detected in a diverse background of natural aerosols. By angularly-resolving the elastically scattered light, features can be detected in these patterns that are sensitive to a particle's morphology (shape, size, internal structure, and composition). An apparatus to collect LA TAOS (Large-Angle Two-dimensional Angular Optical Scattering) patterns from single particles in-situ and in real-time was designed and constructed. The setup utilizes a cross-beam trigger system to minimize the effects of the aberration coma stemming from the main collection optic, an ellipsoidal mirror. LA TAOS patterns of ambient aerosols were collected and analyzed. Approximately 15% of the ambient aerosol had a sphere-like shape. The refractive index of these spheres was estimated by curve-fitting to Lorenz-Mie theory. In addition, the island features prevalent in the LA TAOS pattern were analyzed. Metrics generated from these were used to get partial discrimination between clusters of Bacillus subtilis spores (a simulant for anthrax) and aerosol particles found in the ambient atmosphere. A novel experimental setup for collecting simultaneously LA TAOS patterns at two wavelengths in the mid-infrared was also implemented. With this setup, the relative strength of single-particle absorption could be discerned at the two illuminating wavelengths.

Aptowicz, Kevin B.

496

Apprentissage par Renforcement JER EMIE MARY  

E-print Network

Apprentissage par Renforcement J´ER ´EMIE MARY ´equipe TAO LRI 27 f´evrier 2006 J´ER ´EMIE MARY MDPs 5 R´ef´erences J´ER ´EMIE MARY Apprentissage par Renforcement #12;Introduction Apprendre et'influer sur l'environnement, 5 Le monde est stochastique et bruit´e. J´ER ´EMIE MARY Apprentissage par

Mary, Jeremie - Groupe de Recherche sur l'Apprentissage Automatique, Université Charles de Gaulle

497

Uniform Uncertainty Principle for Bernoulli and Subgaussian Ensembles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers random matrices with independent subgaussian columns and provides a new elementary proof of the Uniform\\u000a Uncertainty Principle for such matrices. The Principle was introduced by Candes, Romberg and Tao in 2004; for subgaussian\\u000a random matrices it was carlier proved by the present authors, as a consequence of a general result based on a generic chaining\\u000a method of

Shahar Mendelson; Alain Pajor; Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann

2008-01-01

498

Surface Cloud Forcing in the East Pacific Stratus Deck\\/Cold Tongue\\/ITCZ Complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from the Eastern Pacific Investigation of Climate Studies (EPIC) mooring array are used to evaluate the annual cycle of surface cloud forcing in the far eastern Pacific stratus cloud deck\\/cold tongue\\/ intertropical convergence zone complex. Data include downwelling surface solar and longwave radiation from 10 EPIC-enhanced Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) moorings from 8°S, 95°W to 12°N, 95°W, and the

MEGHAN F. CRONIN; NICHOLAS A. BOND; CHRISTOPHER W. FAIRALL; ROBERT A. WELLER

2005-01-01

499

Electrochemical removal of CI Acid orange 10 from aqueous solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The removal of CI Acid orange 10 from aqueous solutions was studied by electrocoagulation and electrooxidation techniques. For electrocoagulation, metallic iron was used as electrodes whereas graphite and IrO2\\/TaO2\\/RuO2 coated titanium were used in the case of electrooxidation. During electro-coagulation, the CI Acid orange 10 molecule was split into aniline and 1-amino-2-naphthol-6,8-disulfonic acid due to reductive cleavage of azo bond.

M. Muthukumar; M. Thalamadai Karuppiah; G. Bhaskar Raju

2007-01-01

500

The Taoism Information Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Affiliated with the WWW Virtual Library for Asian Studies, this virtual library, provided by Gene R. Thursby, Professor in the Department of Religion at the University of Florida, offers a large number of Taoism resources. Users will find links to general introductions to Taoism, translations and other information for the Tao Te Ching, the Chuang-tzu, and the I Ching. Other resources include links to information on Feng Shui, Confucianism and Buddhism, Taoism and Chinese Culture, and Taoism and Martial Arts.