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1

Textual Criticism and Theology  

Microsoft Academic Search

For various reasons, the topics of textual criticism and theology are disconnected. The importance of reuniting them is explored with reference to: the concept of the original text, theologically motivated textual variation, concepts of orthodoxy, and the texts as historical documents. This article offers a fresh theological approach.

David Parker

2007-01-01

2

Evaluation of Textual CBR Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

> What should the performance be compared to? In orderto allow an assessment of the system, evaluation requiresa standard of comparison, which is often difficult to definefor Textual CBR systems.3. What to focus the evaluation on? It is often difficult todefine what is being evaluated, as Textual CBR systemscomprise a number of different aspects, and are often anintegral part of

Stefanie Br

1998-01-01

3

Question Answering with Textual CBR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we show how case-based reasoning (CBR) techniques can be applied to document retrieval. The fundamental idea\\u000a is to automatically convert textual documents into appropriate case representations and use these to retrieve relevant documents\\u000a in a problem situation. In contrast to Information Retrieval techniques, we assume that a Textual CBR system focuses on a\\u000a particular domain and thus

Mario Lenz; André Hübner; Mirjam Kunze

1998-01-01

4

Mining Textual Data in Croatian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business intelligence systems find textual data a very useful source of information. Text processing algorithms and systems in English and other world languages are well developed, which is not the case with Croatian language. This paper explores the applicability of existing systems and examines optimal parameters for Croatian. The quality of input data strongly influences clustering and classification results. Experiments

Bojana Dalbelo

5

Making sense of digital textuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the fundamental developments brought about by interactive and multilinear digital technology is the greater structural fragmentation of texts and the consequent re-evaluation of textual coherence. While the concept of text is contingent on some internal coherence, the new text type of electronic hypertext places new challenges on this paradigm by allowing ways of reading texts which would appear

Jukka Tyrkkö

2007-01-01

6

Dependency Parser Based Textual Entailment System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a parser based textual entailment system that is based on comparing the dependency relations in both the text and the hypothesis has been reported. The textual entailment system uses the CCG Parser and the Stanford Parser. The Dependency Parser has been run on the 2-way Parser Training and Evaluation (PETE) (SemEval-2010 Evaluation Exercises on Semantic Evaluation Task

Partha Pakray; Sivaji Bandyopadhyay; Alexander Gelbukh

2010-01-01

7

A Multimodal Perspective on Textuality and Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Textuality is often thought of in linguistic terms; for instance, the talk and writing that circulate in the classroom. In this paper I take a multimodal perspective on textuality and context. I draw on illustrative examples from school Science and English to examine how image, colour, gesture, gaze, posture and movement--as well as writing and…

Jewitt, Carey

2007-01-01

8

Textual Cohesion in Modern Standard Chinese.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a description of textual cohesion in Modern standard Chinese (MSC), and describes three types of relations as discourse and text features that contribute to the overall unity or coherence of a text. (24 references) (Author/VWL)

Okurowski, Mary Ellen

1989-01-01

9

Universal lossless compression algorithm for textual images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, an unparalleled volume of textual information has been transported over the Internet via email, chatting, blogging, tweeting, digital libraries, and information retrieval systems. As the volume of text data has now exceeded 40% of the total volume of traffic on the Internet, compressing textual data becomes imperative. Many sophisticated algorithms were introduced and employed for this purpose including Huffman encoding, arithmetic encoding, the Ziv-Lempel family, Dynamic Markov Compression, and Burrow-Wheeler Transform. My research presents novel universal algorithm for compressing textual images. The algorithm comprises two parts: 1. a universal fixed-to-variable codebook; and 2. our row and column elimination coding scheme. Simulation results on a large number of Arabic, Persian, and Hebrew textual images show that this algorithm has a compression ratio of nearly 87%, which exceeds published results including JBIG2.

al Zahir, Saif

2012-03-01

10

The textual critic: Hung?up on Trivia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay the author examines the textual critic's job, his problems, and resulting efforts as he seeks to establish the authenticity of speech texts. Some new textual principles, contrasted with those of written literature, emerge.

Robert W. Smith

1972-01-01

11

The PASCAL Recognising Textual Entailment Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the PASCAL Net- work of Excellence Recognising Textual Entailment (RTE) Challenge benchmark 1. The RTE task is defined as recognizing, given two text fragments, whether the meaning of one text can be inferred (en- tailed) from the other. This application- independent task is suggested as capturing major inferences about the variability of semantic expression which are commonly

Ido Dagan; Oren Glickman; Bernardo Magnini

2005-01-01

12

Searching and Classifying Non-Textual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This dissertation contains a set of contributions that deal with search or classification of non-textual information. Each contribution can be considered a solution to a specific problem, in an attempt to map out a common ground. The problems cover a wide range of research fields, including search in music, classifying digitally sampled music, visualization and navigation in search results,

Will Archer Arentz

13

Textual Constraints in L2 Lexical Disambiguation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the role of textual constraints, rather than previous knowledge, in resolving lexical ambiguities in second-language learning. Twenty ambiguous words with differing Portuguese translations were selected, disambiguated based on collocation, and tested with a concordancer, using a 20,000,000-word English language corpus of expository text.…

Leffa, Vilson J.

1998-01-01

14

Meta-textual models of relational knowledgebase  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formalising of relations of the theory of relational databases encompasses in the main conventional entity set models and data structures. There is an analytical vehicle and formal definition of knowledge bases. The offered tool of meta-textual relational models of knowledge opens broad capabilities of development of the theory of relational knowledge bases. The basic fields of application: identification and

Sergey Rippa

2003-01-01

15

Textual Stylistic Variation: Choices, Genres and Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter argues for more informed target metrics for the statistical processing of stylistic variation in text collections. Much as operationalized relevance proved a useful goal to strive for in information retrieval, research in textual stylistics, whether application oriented or philologically inclined, needs goals formulated in terms of pertinence, relevance, and utility---notions that agree with reader experience of text. Differences

Jussi Karlgren

2010-01-01

16

Natural language insensitive short textual string compression  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are applications (such as Internet search engines) where short textual strings, for example abstracts or pieces of Web pages, need to be compressed independently of each other. The usual adaptive compression algorithms perform poorly on these short strings due to the lack of necessary data to learn. In this manuscript, we introduce a compression algorithm targeting short text strings;

Cornel Constantinescu; Jennifer Q. Trelewicz; Ronald B. Arps

2004-01-01

17

Textual Enhancement of Input: Issues and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The input enhancement hypothesis proposed by Sharwood Smith (1991, 1993) has stimulated considerable research over the last 15 years. This article reviews the research on textual enhancement of input (TE), an area where the majority of input enhancement studies have aggregated. Methodological idiosyncrasies are the norm of this body of research.…

Han, ZhaoHong; Park, Eun Sung; Combs, Charles

2008-01-01

18

Institutional transformation through positive textual deviance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper aims to explore an affirmative, discursive perspective for its potential to expand the current understanding of processes of institutional transformation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First the notion of institutional transformation is discussed and the “discursive model of institutionalization” as developed by Phillips et al. is described. Then the concept of “positive textual deviance” is introduced and defined. The

Danielle P. Zandee; Diana Bilimoria

2007-01-01

19

Textual analysis of retired nurses' oral histories.  

PubMed

This paper considers the use of textual analysis of oral histories as a method for historians of nursing. Fifty-three oral histories of retired nurses in midwestern USA were analyzed for the purpose of historical reconstruction of past education experiences in nursing. Textual analysis was used to determine how nurses made sense of their educational experiences, and it involved gathering data, analyzing the information, and using a different method of interpreting the data. Although the participants responded to specific questions, the oral histories in this study are more than mere answers to the researchers' queries. The participants' memories are narratives that are the joint product of both the historian and the participant. As such, the oral history becomes a text to be stored along with other primary sources for future historians' use. The research also suggests decentering oral histories from an exclusively academic agenda and focusing more on what the participants choose to remember and why they make those choices. PMID:18028148

Wall, Barbra Mann; Edwards, Nancy E; Porter, Marjorie L; Edwards, Nancy; Wall, Barbra

2007-12-01

20

Textual Stylistic Variation: Choices, Genres and Individuals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter argues for more informed target metrics for the statistical processing of stylistic variation in text collections. Much as operationalized relevance proved a useful goal to strive for in information retrieval, research in textual stylistics, whether application oriented or philologically inclined, needs goals formulated in terms of pertinence, relevance, and utility—notions that agree with reader experience of text. Differences readers are aware of are mostly based on utility—not on textual characteristics per se. Mostly, readers report stylistic differences in terms of genres. Genres, while vague and undefined, are well-established and talked about: very early on, readers learn to distinguish genres. This chapter discusses variation given by genre, and contrasts it to variation occasioned by individual choice.

Karlgren, Jussi

21

Mapping visual to textual knowledge representation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, graphical, conceptual graph-based representations for knowledge structures in the compositional development method DESIRE for knowledge-based and multi-agent systems are presented, together with a graphical editor based on the Constraint Graph environment. Moreover, a translator is described which translates these graphical representations to textual representations in DESIRE. The strength of the combined environment is a powerful -- yet

Catholijn M. Jonker; Rob Kremer; Pim Van Leeuwen; Dong Pan; Jan Treur

2005-01-01

22

Natural language insensitive short textual string compression  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are applications (such as Internet search engines) where short textual strings, for example abstracts or pieces of Web pages, need to be compressed independently of each other. The usual adaptive compression algorithms perform poorly on these short strings due to the lack of necessary data to learn. In this manuscript, we introduce a compression algorithm targeting short text strings; e.g., containing a few hundred symbols. We also target natural language insensitivity, to facilitate its robust compression and fast implementation. The algorithm is based on the following findings. Applying the move-to-front transform (MTFT) after the Burrows-Wheeler transform (BWT) brings the short textual strings to a "normalized form" where the distribution of the resulting "ranks" has a shape similar over the set of natural language strings. This facilitates the use of a static coding method with few variations, which we call shortBWT, where no on-line learning is needed, to encode the ranks. Finally, for short strings, shortBWT runs very fast because the strings fit into the cache of most current computers. The introduction for this paper will review the mathematical bases of BWT and MTF, it will also review our recently published metric for rapidly pre-characterizing the compressibility of such short textual strings when using these transforms.

Constantinescu, Cornel; Trelewicz, Jennifer Q.; Arps, Ronald B.

2004-01-01

23

Textual tinkerability: encouraging storytelling behaviors to foster emergent literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents textual tinkerability, a new concept for fostering early literacy skills during parent-child reading. Textual tinkerability maps storytelling gestures to changes in animation and text to assist reading exploration and demonstration of the link between text, spoken word, and concept. TinkRBooks are flexible tablet-based storybooks that allow readers to actively explore concepts in text using textual tinkerability. When

Angela Chang; Cynthia Breazeal; Fardad Faridi; Tom Roberts; Glorianna Davenport; Henry Lieberman; Nick Montfort

2012-01-01

24

Scalable Visual Analytics of Massive Textual Datasets  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the first scalable implementation of text processing engine used in Visual Analytics tools. These tools aid information analysts in interacting with and understanding large textual information content through visual interfaces. By developing parallel implementation of the text processing engine, we enabled visual analytics tools to exploit cluster architectures and handle massive dataset. The paper describes key elements of our parallelization approach and demonstrates virtually linear scaling when processing multi-gigabyte data sets such as Pubmed. This approach enables interactive analysis of large datasets beyond capabilities of existing state-of-the art visual analytics tools.

Krishnan, Manoj Kumar; Bohn, Shawn J.; Cowley, Wendy E.; Crow, Vernon L.; Nieplocha, Jarek

2007-04-01

25

Textual criticism: The legacy of G. P. Mohrmann  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade of his life, G. P. Mohrmann pursued a sophisticated approach to the textual study of rhetorical discourse. His final and unfinished essay on John C. Calhoun's “Speech on the Reception of the Abolition Petitions” illustrates the potential and the complexity involved of this project. This essay extends Mohrmann's working premises to indicate three principles: Textual criticism

Michael Leff

1986-01-01

26

Recognizing Textual Entailment with Temporal Expressions in Natural Language Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TACTE system proposed in this paper focuses on one problem in natural language processing, namely recognizing textual entailment involving temporal expressions. The system consists of two components: one for temporal expression extraction and anchoring, and the other one for recognizing textual entailment based on events. The entailment rules are constructed using a small set of temporal expression relations and

Rui Wang; Yajing Zhang

2008-01-01

27

Permeable Textual Discussion in Tracked Language Arts Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Permeable textual discussion occurs when the unofficial texts and discursive practices and personal histories that are already recognized and valued in students' cultures are scaffolds to academically sanctioned literacies. Ideally, permeable textual discussions are safe havens where students' identities (racial, gender, world views) are…

Gritter, Kristine

2012-01-01

28

The Effect of Textual Variation on Concept Based Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting for textual variation in the documents and queries processed by information retrieval systems is considered essential for achieving good retrieval. Recent research has called into question several of the techniques used to support this endeavor. This paper reports on experiments with a concept based informa- tion retrieval system which relies on a program called MetaMap to account for textual

Alan R. Aronson

1996-01-01

29

Investigating Graphs in Textual Case-Based Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textual case-based reasoning (TCBR) provides the ability to reason with domain-specific knowledge when experiences exist in text. Ideally, we would like to find an inexpensive way to automatically, efficiently, and accurately represent textual documents as cases. One of the challenges, however, is that current automated methods that manipulate text are not always useful because they are either expensive (based on

Colleen Cunningham; Rosina Weber; Jason M. Proctor; Caleb Fowler; Michael Murphy

2004-01-01

30

Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer  

Cancer.gov

El Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer es una iniciativa de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH) para crear mapas multidimensionales completos de los cambios genómicos clave en los tipos y subtipos principales de cáncer.

31

Deprivation, context, and processing of textual materials.  

PubMed

Levy's (1983) familiarization and proofreading paradigm was used to examine the context-processing relationship during reading of Hindi textual materials. Sixty high- and 60 low-deprived male students in Classes 11 and 12 were asked to proofread error-filled passages of easy and difficult text. Familiarity was manipulated by presenting error-free versions of the passages to some subjects but not to others for a single reading before their actual proofreading. Familiar passages were processed faster than unfamiliar passages irrespective of students' deprivation and passage difficulty. Slow processing was recorded for highly deprived subjects and for easy passages. Faster processing was associated with higher error detection and higher short-term retention scores, whereas the opposite was true for slower processing. Familiarity enhanced short-term retention, suggesting some involvement of conceptually driven process even after familiarization. Findings are discussed in light of interactive processing models of reading. PMID:8331333

Singh, T; Dwivedi, C B

1993-03-01

32

Mixture Model and MDSDCA for Textual Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

E-mailing has become an essential component of cooperation in business. Consequently, the large number of messages manually produced or automatically generated can rapidly cause information overflow for users. Many research projects have examined this issue but surprisingly few have tackled the problem of the files attached to e-mails that, in many cases, contain a substantial part of the semantics of the message. This paper considers this specific topic and focuses on the problem of clustering and visualization of attached files. Relying on the multinomial mixture model, we used the Classification EM algorithm (CEM) to cluster the set of files, and MDSDCA to visualize the obtained classes of documents. Like the Multidimensional Scaling method, the aim of the MDSDCA algorithm based on the Difference of Convex functions is to optimize the stress criterion. As MDSDCA is iterative, we propose an initialization approach to avoid starting with random values. Experiments are investigated using simulations and textual data.

Allouti, Faryel; Nadif, Mohamed; Hoai An, Le Thi; Otjacques, Benoît

33

The effect of textual variation on concept based information retrieval.  

PubMed Central

Accounting for textual variation in the documents and queries processed by information retrieval systems is considered essential for achieving good retrieval. Recent research has called into question several of the techniques used to support this endeavor. This paper reports on experiments with a concept based information retrieval system which relies on a program called MetaMap to account for textual variation in the process of mapping biomedical text such as MEDLINE bibliographic citations to the UMLS Metathesaurus. The experiments confirm that the effort expended in handling textual variation is well-spent for at least one type of concept based information retrieval.

Aronson, A. R.

1996-01-01

34

Textuality and Imagination: The Refracted Image of Hegelian Dialectic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines textuality and imagination with reference to the refracted image of Hegelian dialectical method. Attempts to modify, improve and revamp Hegel's dialectic; Suggestions made by Hegel in his discussion of the three realms of Absolute Sprit.

Frank Schalow

1996-01-01

35

Applying Machine Translation Evaluation Techniques to Textual CBR  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The need for automated text evaluation is common to several AI disciplines. In this work, we explore the use of Machine Translation\\u000a (MT) evaluation metrics for Textual Case Based Reasoning (TCBR). MT and TCBR typically propose textual solutions and both\\u000a rely on human reference texts for evaluation purposes. Current TCBR evaluation metrics such as precision and recall employ\\u000a a single

Ibrahim Adeyanju; Nirmalie Wiratunga; Robert Lothian; Susan Craw

2010-01-01

36

The visual analysis of textual information: Browsing large document sets  

SciTech Connect

Visualization tools have been invaluable in the process of scientific discovery by providing researchers with insights gained through graphical tools and techniques. At PNL, the Multidimensional Visualization and Advanced Browsing (MVAB) project is extending visualization technology to the problems of intelligence analysis of textual documents by creating spatial representations of textual information. By representing an entire corpus of documents as points in a coordinate space of two or more dimensions, the tools developed by the MVAB team give the analyst the ability to quickly browse the entire document base and determine relationships among documents and publication patterns not readily discernible through traditional lexical means.

Thomas, J.; Pennock, K.; Fiegel, T.; Wise, J.; Pottier, M.; Schur, A.; Crow, V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Lantrip, D. [California Univ., Santa Barbara, CA (United States)

1995-05-01

37

Low interrater agreement on the semantic base of textual material  

PubMed Central

The present paper describes three experiments which were conducted to determine whether independent raters could agree upon the semantic base of textual materials. These experiments were occasioned by an earlier experiment in which the investigators reported success in increasing the ability of students to extract the semantic base from textual materials. The present paper reports our unsuccessful attempts to obtain an acceptable level of agreement among independent raters about what constituted the semantic base of a number of texts. The paper concludes by raising some doubts about the strategy of extending behavior-analytic research to verbal behavior by combining behavior-change procedures with cognitive constructs.

Lee, Vicki L.; Barnett, K.; Crisp, S.; Young, L.; Bron, M.; Vatmanidis, P. C.; Atkinson, L.

1989-01-01

38

Star Trek rerun, reread, rewritten: Fan writing as textual poaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay rejects media?fostered stereotypes of Star Trek fans as cultural dupes, social misfits, or mindless consumers, perceiving them, in Michel de Certeau's term, as “poachers” of textual meanings who appropriate popular texts and reread them in a fashion that serves different interests. Specifically, the essay considers women who write fiction based in the Star Trek universe. First, it outlines

Henry Jenkins III

1988-01-01

39

Using latent semantic analysis to improve access to textual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new approach for dealing with the vocabulary problem in human-computer interaction. Most approaches to retrieving textual materials depend on a lexical match between words in users' requests and those in or assigned to database objects. Because of the tremendous diversity in the words people use to describe the same object, lexical matching methods are necessarily incomplete

S. T. Dumais; George W. Furnas; Thomas K. Landauer; Scott Deerwester; Richard Harshman

1988-01-01

40

Learning from Experts: Relational Stories and the Textual Assimilation Interchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that stories about the classroom experiences of expert teachers can provide novice or struggling teachers with knowledge useful to their own situations. Presents a cyclical model of learning from expert stories--the textual assimilation interchange--in which the text of the story brings the reader (learner) into the expert's world and…

Bucci, Terri Teal

2002-01-01

41

A Survey of Emerging Trend Detection in Textual Data Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we describe several systems that detect emerging trends in textual data. Some of the systems are semi-automatic, requiring user input to begin processing, others are fully-automatic, producing output from the input corpus without guidance. For each Emerging Trend Detection (ETD) system we describe components including linguistic and statistical features, learning algorithms, training and test set generation, visualization

Daniel J. Phelps; Leon M. Galitsky; Soma Roy; William M. Pottenger

2003-01-01

42

Textual Variation and Version Control in the TEI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projects that attempt to encode variorum texts with the Text Encoding Initiative's Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange will likely encounter situations where the text varies in its structure, as well as in its content. Although encoding textual variants at a separate level using a version control system may be attractive, the advantages in encoding text and variants in

David Smith

1999-01-01

43

A Fast Method for Textual Annotation of Compressed Video  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method for automatic textual annotation of compressed video. Initially, cuts are detected in the video sequencewhere consecutive frames show a large difference. Key frames are then extracted to represent each shot. A video sequence is, thus, condensedinto a few images, hence this forms a compact key frame representation of the video. Each key frame is compared with

Amit Jain; Subhasis Chaudhuri

2002-01-01

44

The Long History of Indigenous Textual Cultures: A Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

This critical note is a response to a panel on “Indigenous Textual Studies” held at the Modern Language Association Annual Convention in Los Angeles, California, in January 2011. I reflect on the ways in which the Mapuche people appropriated the horse as a medium of transportation and war in their struggles against colonial Spaniards between the mid-sixteenth and the early

Luis E. Cárcamo-Huechante

2011-01-01

45

Multilingual Knowledge-Based Concept Recognition in Textual Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With respect to the increasing volume of textual data which is available through digital resources today, the identification of the main concepts in those texts becomes increasingly important and can be seen as a vital step in the analysis of unstructured information.

Schierle, Martin; Trabold, Daniel

46

On the metaphorical nature of intellectual capital: a textual analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To analyse common metaphors used in the intellectual capital (IC) and knowledge management literatures to conceptualise knowledge, in order to study the nature of the intellectual capital concept. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A textual analysis methodology is used to analyse texts from The Knowledge-Creating Company by Nonaka and Takeuchi, Working Knowledge by Davenport and Prusak and “Brainpower” by Stewart, in

Daniel Andriessen

2006-01-01

47

Text mining: finding nuggets in mountains of textual data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text mining applies the same analytical functions of data mining to the domain of textual information, relying on sophisticated text analysis techniques that distill information from free-text documents. IBM's Intelligent Miner for Text provides the necessary tools to unlock the business information that is \\

Jochen Dijrre; Peter Gerstl; Roland Seiffert

1999-01-01

48

Shaping Up? Three Acts of Education Studies as Textual Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a study of dominant educational discourses through textual critique and argues that such an approach enables education studies to preserve an important distinction from teacher training. The texts deconstructed here are specific to English education, but the discourses at work have international relevance as the rhetorics of…

McDougall, Julian; Walker, Stephen; Kendall, Alex

2006-01-01

49

Shaping up? Three acts of education studies as textual critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study of dominant educational discourses through textual critique and argues that such an approach enables education studies to preserve an important distinction from teacher training. The texts deconstructed here are specific to English education, but the discourses at work have international relevance as the rhetorics of accountability, performance and measurement (which we call cells of discourse)

Julian McDougall; Stephen Walker; Alex Kendall

2006-01-01

50

Visual Contextual Advertising: Bringing Textual Advertisements to Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advertising in the case of textual Web pages has been studied extensively by many researchers. However, with the increasing amount of multimedia data such as image, audio and video on the Web, the need for recom- mending advertisement for the multimedia data is be- coming a reality. In this paper, we address the novel problem of visual contextual advertising, which

Yuqiang Chen; Ou Jin; Gui-Rong Xue; Jia Chen; Qiang Yang

2010-01-01

51

Recognizing Paraphrases and Textual Entailment using Inversion Transduction Grammars  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present first results using paraphrase as well as textual entailment data to test the language univer- sal constraint posited by Wu's (1995, 1997) Inver- sion Transduction Grammar (ITG) hypothesis. In machine translation and alignment, the ITG Hypoth- esis provides a strong inductive bias, and has been shown empirically across numerous language pairs and corpora to yield both efficiency and

Dekai Wu

2005-01-01

52

Improved Processing of Textual Use Cases: Deriving Behavior Specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The requirements for a system are often specified as textual use cases. Although they are written in natural language, the simple and uniform sentence structure used makes automated processing of use cases feasible. However, the numerous use case approaches vary in the permitted complexity and variations of sentence structure. Frequently, use cases are written in the form of compound sentences

Jaroslav Drazan; Vladimir Mencl

2007-01-01

53

Textual Entailment Recognition Based on Inversion Transduction Grammars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PASCAL Challenge's textual entailment recog- nition (RTE) task presents intriguing opportunities to test various implications of the strong language universal constraint posited by Wu's (1995, 1997) Inversion Transduction Grammar (ITG) hypothe- sis. The ITG Hypothesis provides a strong induc- tive bias, and has been repeatedly shown empiri- cally to yield both efficiency and accuracy gains for numerous language acquisition

Dekai Wu

54

The Wheres and Whyfores for Studying Textual Genre Computationally  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief paper gives an example of statistical stylis- tic experimentation and argues for more informed mea- sures of variation and choice and more informed mea- sures of readership analysis to be able to posit dimen- sions of textual variation usefully. Variation in text Texts are much more than what they are about. Authors make choices when they write a

Jussi Karlgren

55

Teaching the analysis of textual data: an experiential approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

As qualitative research methods becomemore refined, so there is an increasing need to teach data analysis methods. This paper offers a group method — based on experiential learning principles — for teaching the analysis of textual data. Terms are defined, an outline for a preliminary theory input is offered and then the group method, itself, is described. Variants of the

Philip Burnard

1996-01-01

56

Textual Analyses of Nutrition Messages on Prime Time Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using textual analysis of 805 incidents in 10 television programs and surrounding commercials, foods portrayed were compared with nutrition guidelines. Foods tended to be higher in fat and lower in fiber, and food portrayals had social and psychological meanings. Adverse health effects of foods low in nutrients were not depicted. (Contains 57…

Wadsworth, Laurie A.; Berenbaum, Shawna

2001-01-01

57

Textual Query of Personal Photos Facilitated by Large-Scale Web Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid popularization of digital cameras and mobile phone cameras has led to an explosive growth of personal photo collections by consumers. In this paper, we present a real-time textual query-based personal photo retrieval system by leveraging millions of Web images and their associated rich textual descriptions (captions, categories, etc.). After a user provides a textual query (e.g., \\

Yiming Liu; Dong Xu; Ivor Wai-Hung Tsang; Jiebo Luo

2011-01-01

58

Efficient Agent-Based Dissemination of Textual Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the problem of efficient dissemination of textual information over wide-area networks. Our dissemination architecture utilises middle-agents and sophisticated matching algorithms. The data model and query language is based on the well-known Boolean model from Information Retrieval. The main focus of this paper is the problem of matching incoming documents with submitted user profiles. We present four efficient main

Manolis Koubarakis; Theodoros Koutris; Paraskevi Raftopoulou; Christos Tryfonopoulos

59

Archaeology and roman society: Integrating textual and archaeological data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the collection of new data and the development of an enduring interest in theoretical concerns characterize much\\u000a current work in Roman archaeology, the field continues to experience, tension between traditional classical archaeological\\u000a approaches and practices borrowed from other branches of archaeology. This tension is most clearly visible with the integration\\u000a of textual and archaeological data. How the dynamic between

Glenn R. Storey

1999-01-01

60

Analysis of Textual Variation by Latent Tree Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce Semstem, a new method for the reconstruction of so called stemmatic trees, i.e., trees encoding the copying relationships among a set of textual variants. Our method is based on a structural expectation-maximization (structural EM) algorithm. It is the first computer-based method able to estimate general latent tree structures, unlike earlier methods that are usually restricted to bifurcating trees

Teemu Roos; Yuan Zou

2011-01-01

61

Transformation of weather forecasts from textual to cartographic form  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper analyzes the weather forecasts as a particular specialized text class. A data model of that class is created. It serves as a basis for the automatic transformation of weather forecasts from textual to cartographic form. The method proposed consists of data extraction, data translation and map generation. These stages are discussed in detail. A program system that implements this method is developed and an experiment designed to reveal the validity of the method is described. Some suggestions for future development of this work are made.

Kerpedjiev, Stephan M.

1990-11-01

62

A Novel Approach for Authenticating Textual or Graphical Passwords Using Hopfield Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Password authentication using Hopfield Networks is presented in this paper. In this paper we discussed the Hopfield Network Scheme for Textual and graphical passwords, for which input Password will be converted in to probabilistic values. We observed how to get password authentication using Probabilistic values for Textual passwords and Graphical passwords. This study proposes the use of a Hopfield neural

ASN Chakravarthy; P S Avadhani; P. E. S. N Krishna Prasad; N. Rajeevand D. Rajasekhar Reddy

2011-01-01

63

The Effect of Different Textual Narrations on Students' Explanations at the Submicroscopic Level in Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of different textual versions (macroscopic (control), submicroscopic, and guided imagery) of the explanation of a chemical phenomenon on students' submicroscopic explanation of a related phenomenon was examined. The sample included 152 pre-service science teachers. The three textual versions of the explanation were distributed randomly…

Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.

2013-01-01

64

A Rhetoric of Textual Feminism: (Re)reading the Emotional in Virginia Woolf's "Three Guineas."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the concept of a rhetoric of textual feminism. Defines the concept and discusses its functions by citing Virginia Woolf and Kenneth Burke. Argues that a rhetoric of textual feminism reveals the emotional, and critiques Woolf's "Three Guineas" to reread the emotional. (HB)|

Ratcliffe, Krista

1993-01-01

65

Unifying Textual and Visual Cues for Content-Based Image Retrieval on the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system is proposed that combines textual and visual statistics in a single index vector for content-based search of a WWW image database. Textual statistics are captured in vector form using latent semantic indexing based on text in the containing HTML document. Visual statistics are captured in vector form using color and orientation histograms. By using an integrated approach, it

Stan Sclaroff; Marco La Cascia; Saratendu Sethi; Leonid Taycher

1999-01-01

66

Combining textual and visual cues for content-based image retrieval on the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system is proposed that combines textual and visual statistics in a single index vector for content-based search of a WWW image database. Textual statistics are captured in vector form using latent semantic indexing (LSI) based on text in the containing HTML document. Visual statistics are captured in vector form using color and orientation histograms. By using an integrated approach,

Marco La Cascia; Saratendu Sethi; Stan Sclaroff

1998-01-01

67

Unsupervised Alignment of News Video and Text Using Visual Patterns and Textual Concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief preview of a news video can be generated by semantically aligning the textual sentences of the anchor report, summarized by the anchor, with the visual field shots. Since accu- rately detecting the object in a visual shot is difficult and a textual termmaygenerallycorrespondtoseveralsynonyms,thealignment of an anchor sentence with a video shot remains challenging. In this study, the temporal

Jun-Bin Yeh; Chung-Hsien Wu; Sheng-Xiong Chang

2011-01-01

68

Real Time Road Sign Recognition System Using Artificial Neural Networks for Bengali Textual Information Box  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Automated Road Sign Recognition system using Artificial Neural Network for the Textual Information box inscribing in Bengali is presented in this paper. The system captures real time images every two seconds and saves them as JPG format files. The system processes the images to find out whether they contain images of road signs or not. The textual information of

Mohammad Osiur Rahman; Fouzia Asharf Mousumi; Edgar Scavino

2009-01-01

69

Real time road sign recognition system using artificial neural networks for bengali textual information box  

Microsoft Academic Search

An Automated Road Sign Recognition system using Artificial Neural Network for the Textual Information box inscribing in Bengali is presented in this paper. The system captures real time images every two seconds and saves them as JPG format files. The system processes the images to find out whether they contain images of road signs or not. The textual information of

Mohammad Osiur Rahman; Fouzia Asharf Mousumi; Edgar Scavino; Aini Hussain; Hassan Basri

2008-01-01

70

Frequency shifting approach towards textual transcription of heartbeat sounds  

PubMed Central

Auscultation is an approach for diagnosing many cardiovascular problems. Automatic analysis of heartbeat sounds and extraction of its audio features can assist physicians towards diagnosing diseases. Textual transcription allows recording a continuous heart sound stream using a text format which can be stored in very small memory in comparison with other audio formats. In addition, a text-based data allows applying indexing and searching techniques to access to the critical events. Hence, the transcribed heartbeat sounds provides useful information to monitor the behavior of a patient for the long duration of time. This paper proposes a frequency shifting method in order to improve the performance of the transcription. The main objective of this study is to transfer the heartbeat sounds to the music domain. The proposed technique is tested with 100 samples which were recorded from different heart diseases categories. The observed results show that, the proposed shifting method significantly improves the performance of the transcription.

2011-01-01

71

The Text's the Thing: Using (Neglected) Issues of Textual Scholarship to Help Students Reimagine Shakespeare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do individuals know what words Shakespeare actually wrote? Exploring these issues can yield dramatic interest. With references to Shakespeare's Quartos and Folios, the author examines key textual issues and discrepancies in classroom studies of "Hamlet." (Contains 8 notes.)

Parsons, Scott

2009-01-01

72

The Text's the Thing: Using (Neglected) Issues of Textual Scholarship to Help Students Reimagine Shakespeare  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Do individuals know what words Shakespeare actually wrote? Exploring these issues can yield dramatic interest. With references to Shakespeare's Quartos and Folios, the author examines key textual issues and discrepancies in classroom studies of "Hamlet." (Contains 8 notes.)|

Parsons, Scott

2009-01-01

73

The Army as Textual Community: Exploring Mismatches in the Concepts of Attribution, Appropriation, and Shared Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This webtext examines the practices of authorial attribution in textual production in higher education (where notions of individual authorship and intellectual property prevail, particularly at military academies) and in the military (which has a more public conception of authorship).|

Anson, Chris; Neely, Shawn

2010-01-01

74

Gross's anatomy: textual politics in science/biology education research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In approaching how the grotesque is—or should be—situated within contemporary science (biology) education practices, Weinstein and Broda undertake a passionate reclaim of an education that is at the same time scientific, critical, and liberatory. However legitimate, their work offers more than they probably could have anticipated: It exemplifies how the textual structure of a research article can be such as to "tip-off" readers about how it is supposed to be understood. In this way, what one learns from reading the manuscript is grounded on the way the authors examine the data presented. That is, the findings are not intrinsic to the materials collected, but constructed within the analyses that precede/follow the account of each one of the four "specimens" reported. Therefore, the present commentary seeks to re-consider the original study from an alternative perspective, one that challenges its seemingly objective (re)construction of facts by placing emphasis on how the text contains instructions for its own interpretation and validation. Ultimately, the purpose here is to describe and discuss the interpretive and validation work that is done by this discursive mechanism of self-appraisal rather than discredit the two authors' initiative.

Reis, Giuliano

2009-12-01

75

Extracting the Textual and Temporal Structure of Supercomputing Logs  

SciTech Connect

Supercomputers are prone to frequent faults that adversely affect their performance, reliability and functionality. System logs collected on these systems are a valuable resource of information about their operational status and health. However, their massive size, complexity, and lack of standard format makes it difficult to automatically extract information that can be used to improve system management. In this work we propose a novel method to succinctly represent the contents of supercomputing logs, by using textual clustering to automatically find the syntactic structures of log messages. This information is used to automatically classify messages into semantic groups via an online clustering algorithm. Further, we describe a methodology for using the temporal proximity between groups of log messages to identify correlated events in the system. We apply our proposed methods to two large, publicly available supercomputing logs and show that our technique features nearly perfect accuracy for online log-classification and extracts meaningful structural and temporal message patterns that can be used to improve the accuracy of other log analysis techniques.

Jain, S; Singh, I; Chandra, A; Zhang, Z; Bronevetsky, G

2009-05-26

76

Fusion of laboratory and textual data for investigative bioforensics.  

PubMed

Chemical and biological forensic programs focus on the identification of a threat and acquisition of laboratory measurements to determine how a threat agent may have been produced. However, to generate investigative leads, it might also be useful to identify institutions where the same agent has been produced by the same or a very similar process, since the producer of the agent may have learned methods at a university or similar institution. We have developed a Bayesian network framework that fuses hard and soft data sources to assign probability to production practices. It combines the results of laboratory measurements with an automatic text reader to scan scientific literature and rank institutions that had published papers on the agent of interest in order of the probability that the institution has the capability to generate the sample of interest based on laboratory data. We demonstrate the Bayesian network on an example case from microbial forensics, predicting the methods used to produce Bacillus anthracis spores based on mass spectrometric measurements and identifying institutions that have a history of growing Bacillus spores using the same or highly similar methods. We illustrate that the network model can assign a higher posterior probability than expected by random chance to appropriate institutions when trained using only a small set of manually analyzed documents. This is the first example of an automated methodology to integrate experimental and textual data for the purpose of investigative forensics. PMID:23313599

Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo; Corley, Courtney; McCue, Lee Ann; Wahl, Karen; Kreuzer, Helen

2013-01-10

77

TAAABLE: Text Mining, Ontology Engineering, and Hierarchical Classification for Textual Case-Based Cooking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents how the TAAABLE project addresses the textual case-based reasoning challenge of the CCC, thanks to a combination of prin- ciples, methods, and technologies of various fields of knowledge-based system technologies, namely CBR, ontology engineering (manual and semi-automatic), data and text-mining using textual resources of the Web, text annotation (used as an indexing technique), knowledge representation, and hierarchical

Fadi Badra; Rokia Bendaoud; Rim Bentebitel; Pierre-antoine Champin; Julien Cojan; Amélie Cordier; Sylvie Desprès; Stéphanie Jean-daubias; Jean Lieber; Thomas Meilender; Alain Mille; Emmanuel Nauer; Amedeo Napoli; Yannick Toussaint

2008-01-01

78

Exploiting Visual-Audio-Textual Characteristics for Automatic TV Commercial Block Detection and Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

AutomaticTVcommercial blockdetection(CBD)and commercial block segmentation (CBS) are two key components of a smart commercial digesting system. In this paper, we focus our research on CBD and CBS by the means of collaborative exploita- tion of visual-audio-textual characteristics embedded in commer- cials. Rather than utilizing exclusively visual-audio characteristics like most previous works, an abundance of textual characteris- tics associated with commercials

Nan Liu; Yao Zhao; Zhenfeng Zhu; Hanqing Lu

2011-01-01

79

Textual Cues in Direct-to-Consumer Prescription Drug Advertising: Motivators to Communicate with Physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growth of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs heightens concerns about its effects on the patient–physician relationship. Based on social cognitive theory, this study examines textual features of DTCA that may motivate patients to alter communication with physicians. Results of analyses of 225 unique advertisements found in 18 consumer magazines indicate that DTCA's textual messages associate instrumental and identity motivators

Henry N. Young; Rebecca J. Welch Cline

2005-01-01

80

Textrous!: extracting semantic textual meaning from gene sets.  

PubMed

The un-biased and reproducible interpretation of high-content gene sets from large-scale genomic experiments is crucial to the understanding of biological themes, validation of experimental data, and the eventual development of plans for future experimentation. To derive biomedically-relevant information from simple gene lists, a mathematical association to scientific language and meaningful words or sentences is crucial. Unfortunately, existing software for deriving meaningful and easily-appreciable scientific textual 'tokens' from large gene sets either rely on controlled vocabularies (Medical Subject Headings, Gene Ontology, BioCarta) or employ Boolean text searching and co-occurrence models that are incapable of detecting indirect links in the literature. As an improvement to existing web-based informatic tools, we have developed Textrous!, a web-based framework for the extraction of biomedical semantic meaning from a given input gene set of arbitrary length. Textrous! employs natural language processing techniques, including latent semantic indexing (LSI), sentence splitting, word tokenization, parts-of-speech tagging, and noun-phrase chunking, to mine MEDLINE abstracts, PubMed Central articles, articles from the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), and Mammalian Phenotype annotation obtained from Jackson Laboratories. Textrous! has the ability to generate meaningful output data with even very small input datasets, using two different text extraction methodologies (collective and individual) for the selecting, ranking, clustering, and visualization of English words obtained from the user data. Textrous!, therefore, is able to facilitate the output of quantitatively significant and easily appreciable semantic words and phrases linked to both individual gene and batch genomic data. PMID:23646135

Chen, Hongyu; Martin, Bronwen; Daimon, Caitlin M; Siddiqui, Sana; Luttrell, Louis M; Maudsley, Stuart

2013-04-30

81

Persuasive social approval cues in print advertising: Exploring visual and textual strategies and consumer self-monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on exploring the persuasion effects of social approval cues in both visual and textual formats in print advertising. It also examines the moderation role of a consumer dispositional factor – self-monitoring orientation – on the effectiveness of visual and textual cues. Through a controlled experiment involving four versions of a fictitious ad, this study demonstrates that social

Jun Rong Myers; Sela Sar

2011-01-01

82

Textually closed and open uses of linguistic constructions and their effect on comprehensibility and interpretation variations of texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes mechanisms of text understanding and identifies linguistic factors which determine differences in interpretatio n between readers. The paper at first provides an explanation of the properties of texts which give rise to differences in interpretation. It views texts as open views on open knowledge. On this basis it distinguishes between textually closed and textually open uses of

Karin Haenelt

83

S3PAS: A Scalable Shoulder-Surfing Resistant Textual-Graphical Password Authentication Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vulnerabilities of the textual password have been well known. Users tend to pick short passwords or pass- words that are easy to remember, which makes the pass- words vulnerable for attackers to break. Furthermore, tex- tual password is vulnerable to shoulder-surfing, hidden- camera and spyware attacks. Graphical password schemes have been proposed as a possible alternative to text-based scheme.

Huanyu Zhao; Xiaolin Li

2007-01-01

84

The Effects of Textual Prompting and Reading Fluency on the Acquisition of Intraverbals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examined the effects of textual prompt fading on the acquisition of intraverbals in 3 individuals with developmental disabilities. An alternating treatments design was used to assess the two independent variables. The first independent variable was transfer of stimulus control without component skill fluency. The second independent…

Emmick, Jill R.; Cihon, Traci M.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

85

The Investigation of Power in Written Texts through the Use of Multiple Textual Analytic Frames  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although often used as secondary sources, written texts are powerful sources of data for qualitative researchers to explore power networks and broad ideological perspectives. As such, I present in this paper an analytic process that draws upon multiple analytic frameworks--constant comparative analysis, discursive textual analysis, and…

Wickens, Corrine M.

2011-01-01

86

Textractor: A Framework for Extracting Relevant Domain Concepts from Irregular Corporate Textual Datasets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various information extraction (IE) systems for corporate usage exist. However, none of them target the product development and\\/or customer service domain, despite significant application potentials and benefits. This domain also poses new scientific challenges, such as the lack of external knowledge resources, and irregularities like ungrammatical constructs in textual data, which compromise successful information extraction. To address these issues, we

Ashwin Ittoo; Laura Maruster; Hans Wortmann; Gosse Bouma

2010-01-01

87

The role of meaning in interpreting graphical and textual feedback during a computer-based simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of adult learners to process and interpret graphical and textual feedback during a computer-based simulation when the feedback originated from contexts varying widely in meaning. A total of 41 subjects interacted with a computer simulation of the laws of motion using a discovery-based approach embedded within one of two contexts

Lloyd P. Rieber; Malcolm Smith; Saada Al-Ghafry; Bill Strickland; Giali Chu; Faris Spahi

1996-01-01

88

Archaeological landscapes and textual images: A study of the sacred geography of late medieval Ballabgarh  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the disjunction between notions of religious space in the textual tradition and the construction of sacred geography on the ground. It does this by examining some elements that make up the sacred geography of medieval Ballabgarh, the northern segment of Faridabad which shares its northern border with Delhi. The paper argues that religious structures like temples and

Nayanjot Lahiri

1996-01-01

89

The Effects of Textual Prompting and Reading Fluency on the Acquisition of Intraverbals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the effects of textual prompt fading on the acquisition of intraverbals in 3 individuals with developmental disabilities. An alternating treatments design was used to assess the two independent variables. The first independent variable was transfer of stimulus control without component skill fluency. The second independent…

Emmick, Jill R.; Cihon, Traci M.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

90

Frederick Douglass’ use of comparison in his Fourth of July oration: A textual criticism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay is a textual analysis of Frederick Douglass’ 1852 What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July oration. Douglass’ oration is analyzed in light of his change of opinion on the Constitution as a pro?slavery document. Situating the speech in the context of Douglass’ change of opinion on the Constitution and his split with the Garrisonians provides a

Kevin R. McClure

2000-01-01

91

A Study of the Costs and Benefits of Textualism: The Supreme Court's Bankruptcy Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Part I of this Article sets forth the two dominant theories of statutory interpretation currently advocated-textualism and dynamic interpretation. Part II of this Article examines the various policies of bankruptcy law. After setting forth the competing theories of statutory interpretation and the competing theories of bankruptcy law, Part III of this Article examines the Supreme Court's bankruptcy cases over the

Robert K. Rasmussen

1993-01-01

92

The Role of Lexico-Semantic Feedback in Open-Domain Textual Question-Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an open-domain textual Question-Answering system that uses several feedback loops to enhance its performance. These feedback loops combine in a new way statistical results with syntactic, semantic or pragmatic information derived from texts and lexical databases. The paper presents the contribution of each feedback loop to the overall performance of 76% human-assessed precise answers.

Sanda M. Harabagiu; Dan I. Moldovan; Marius Pasca; Rada Mihalcea; Mihai Surdeanu; Razvan C. Bunescu; Roxana Girju; Vasile Rus; Paul Morarescu

2001-01-01

93

Written Textual Production and Consumption (WTPC) in Vernacular and English-Medium Settings in Gujarat, India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sketches key facets in the larger socioeducational machinery that shapes the written textual production and consumption (WTPC) of English-medium (EM) and "vernacular-medium" (VM) students in Gujarat, India. Lays out ways in which articulator macro-structures align together to produce and shape conditions that privilege the WTPC of EM students over…

Ramanathan, Vaidehi

2003-01-01

94

Perceptions of trustworthiness online: the role of visual and textual information  

Microsoft Academic Search

People increasingly rely on social networking websites to initiate personal and professional relationships. This requires that a considerable amount of trust be placed in strangers solely on the basis of their online profiles. This paper examines how the nature of online information affects how trustworthy online daters are perceived. Visual (i.e., photographs) and textual (i.e., \\

Catalina L. Toma

2010-01-01

95

Textual and Visual Content-Based Anti-Phishing: A Bayesian Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel framework using a Bayesian approach for content-based phishing web page detection is presented. Our model takes into account textual and visual contents to measure the similarity between the protected web page and suspicious web pages. A text classifier, an image classifier, and an algorithm fusing the results from classifiers are introduced. An outstanding feature of this paper is

Haijun Zhang; Gang Liu; Tommy W. S. Chow; Wenyin Liu

2011-01-01

96

Tonal Interface to MacroMolecules (TIMMol): A Textual and Tonal Tool for Molecular Visualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We developed the three-dimensional visualization software, Tonal Interface to MacroMolecules or TIMMol, for studying atomic coordinates of protein structures. Key features include audio tones indicating x, y, z location, identification of the cursor location in one-dimensional and three-dimensional space, textual output that can be easily linked…

Cordes, Timothy J.; Carlson, C. Britt; Forest, Katrina T.

2008-01-01

97

Effects of pictures and textual arguments in sun protection public service announcements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The effect of public service announcements aimed at promoting primary prevention of skin cancer may be limited by superficial cognitive processing. The use of both pictures and textual arguments in sun protection public service announcements were evaluated for their potentially beneficial effects on judgment, cognitive processing and persuasiveness. Methods: In a 2×2 factorial experimental design individuals were shown public

Henk Boer; Ellen Ter Huurne; Erik Taal

2006-01-01

98

The Illusion of Inclusion: A Critical Race Theory Textual Analysis of Race and Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, Julian Vasquez Heilig, Keffrelyn Brown, and Anthony Brown offer findings from a close textual analysis of how the Texas social studies standards address race, racism, and communities of color. Using the lens of critical race theory, the authors uncover the sometimes subtle ways that the standards can appear to adequately address…

Heilig, Julian Vasquez; Brown, Keffrelyn D.; Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

99

Graph theoretical framework for simultaneously integrating visual and textual features for efficient web image clustering  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the explosive growth of Web and the recent develop- ment in digital media technology, the number of images on the Web has grown tremendously. Consequently, Web image clustering has emerged as an important application. Some of the initial efforts along this direction revolved around clus- tering Web images based on the visual features of images or textual features by

Manjeet Rege; Ming Dong; Jing Hua

2008-01-01

100

Differential cognitive responses to adjunct study questions in the learning of chemistry textual materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of adjunct study questions, inserted before or after the presentation of science textual material, on the achievement and retention of students who differed in levels of intellectual development. The basic design for the study was a pretest\\/post?test equivalent and comparative control groups involving a total of 90 high school chemistry students ranging in age from

O. J. Ehindero

1985-01-01

101

The Relation of Knowledge of Textual Integration Devices to Expository Text Comprehension under Different Assessment Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study we propose a theoretical construct (called "rhetorical competence") that represents the ability of readers to detect, understand, and use the "linguistic cues" or "discourse markers" that texts contain. We measure one of the three postulated components of rhetorical competence (knowledge of textual integration markers), assessing…

Sanchez, Emilio; Garcia, J. Ricardo

2009-01-01

102

Game Design as Textual Poaching: Media Literacy, Creativity and Game-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses practices of textual appropriation in computer games made by young people. By focusing on how young people's production work makes reference to popular media texts, it examines the basis on which such work claims to be legible as a game text: how it claims to be literate in the context of an after-school game-making club.…

Pelletier, Caroline; Burn, Andrew; Buckingham, David

2010-01-01

103

The Illusion of Inclusion: A Critical Race Theory Textual Analysis of Race and Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, Julian Vasquez Heilig, Keffrelyn Brown, and Anthony Brown offer findings from a close textual analysis of how the Texas social studies standards address race, racism, and communities of color. Using the lens of critical race theory, the authors uncover the sometimes subtle ways that the standards can appear to adequately address…

Heilig, Julian Vasquez; Brown, Keffrelyn D.; Brown, Anthony L.

2012-01-01

104

A model of textual affect sensing using real-world knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel way for assessing the affective qualities of natural language and a scenario for its use. Previous approaches to textual affect sensing have employed keyword spotting, lexical affinity, statistical methods, and hand-crafted models. This paper demonstrates a new approach, using large-scale real-world knowledge about the inherent affective nature of everyday situations (such as \\

Hugo Liu; Henry Lieberman; Ted Selker

2003-01-01

105

Habits of Mind: Historical Configurations of Textual Ownership in Peer Writing Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that students' attitudes about authorship and intellectual property rights are evidence of cultural habits of mind. Overviews perceptions of literary products as public and/or private property. Explores conflicts in legal notions of textual ownership relating to copyrights and the idea/expression dichotomy in American Constitutional law.…

Spigelman, Candace

1998-01-01

106

A Textual Analysis of Fortune Cookie Sayings: How Chinese Are They?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study analyzes 595 fortune cookie sayings as cultural texts and explores the predominant values and ideologies embedded in those texts. The study indicates that fortune cookie sayings fulfill four primary functions: prophecy, compliment, advice, and wisdom. This textual analysis further uncovers that fortune cookie sayings (a) delimit “fortune” in terms of money, prosperity, and romance; (b) make compliments

Jing Yin; Yoshitaka Miike

2008-01-01

107

Conditioned Observation of Books and Accelerated Acquisition of Textual Responding by Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We report an experiment investigating the effects of conditioning books as reinforcers for observing responses on the learning of textual responses by pre-school children. The independent variable was the acquisition of conditioned reinforcement of observing responses and choice of book stimuli in free play settings where children could choose to…

Tsai, Hshin-hui; Greer, R. Douglas

2006-01-01

108

Anatomy of a masterpiece: A close textual analysis of Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address is a recognized rhetorical masterpiece. This essay accounts for this recognition by examining the text microscopically. Through the method of close textual analysis that explores the inner workings of the text, we discover the complexity of Lincoln's masterwork.

Amy R. Slagell

1991-01-01

109

Anatomy of a Masterpiece: A Close Textual Analysis of Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|States that Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address is a recognized rhetorical masterpiece. Accounts for this recognition by examining the text microscopically. Uses the method of close textual analysis that explores the inner workings of the text to discover the complexity of Lincoln's masterwork. (PRA)|

Slagell, Amy R.

1991-01-01

110

The Aesthetics of Textual Production: Reading and Writing with Umberto Eco  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "The Name of the Rose," Umberto Eco essentially presents an educative vision of some basic semiotic principles that infuse the textual form of a popular fictional genre--the detective story. In effect, it characterizes the postmodernization of the traditional "whodunnit" moving the genre from the realm of "the real" or the plausible into the…

Trifonas, Peter Pericles

2007-01-01

111

Exploring the textual metafunction in Japanese: case study of selected written texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sets out to explore the relationship between the grammar of the textual metafunction within Systemic Functional Grammar and the organisation of a set of Japanese selected written texts into discrete text types or genres. The study is motivated by the need for grammatical descriptions of Japanese discourse for teaching Japanese as a Second\\/Foreign Language. Descriptions of how Japanese

Elizabeth Anne Thompson

2001-01-01

112

A comparison of visual and textual page previews in judging the helpfulness of web pages  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the efficacy of visual and textual web page previews in predicting the helpfulness of web pages related to a specific topic. We ran two studies in the usability lab and collected data through an online survey. Participants (total of 245) were asked to rate the expected helpfulness of a web page based on a preview (four different thumbnail

Anne Aula; Rehan M. Khan; Zhiwei Guan; Paul Fontes; Peter Hong

2010-01-01

113

Cattle ‘breed’ variation and improvement in Roman Italy: connecting the zooarchaeological and ancient textual evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating zooarchaeological and ancient textual datasets for cattle provides a more comprehensive picture of breed developments for Roman Italy. Widespread increases in cattle sizes do not occur until Republican and Imperial times, coincident with marked agricultural and demographic changes in the country. Distinct clusters of cattle ‘breeds’ develop during these periods. The ancient Latin texts describe physical traits for several

Michael MacKinnon

2010-01-01

114

Rereading Dis/Ability in Adolescent Literature: Textual Invitation & Repertoires in Reader Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation draws on textual reader response theory and humanities-based Disability Studies theories to explores the ways in which preservice teachers participating in a course called "Issues of Diversity in Children's and Adolescent Literature" and their instructor, who is also the researcher, made sense of representations of disability in…

Walker, Valerie Struthers

2009-01-01

115

Automatic textual annotation of video news based on semantic visual object extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present our work for automatic generation of textual metadata based on visual content analysis of video news. We present two methods for semantic object detection and recognition from a cross modal image-text thesaurus. These thesaurus represent a supervised association between models and semantic labels. This paper is concerned with two semantic objects: faces and Tv logos.

Nozha Boujemaa; Francois Fleuret; Valerie Gouet; Hichem Sahbi

2004-01-01

116

Between love and culture: Misunderstanding, textuality and the dialectics of ethnographic knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will explore the intertextual dialectics of understanding and misunderstanding in the negotiation of relations between consultants and the ethnographic fieldworker. The material for this essay draws on conversations with consultants from the Fort Apache Reservation. I will argue that the textual constructions of otherness through which consultants apprehend the social presence of the fieldworker are transformed in the

Thomas J. Nevins

2010-01-01

117

Automatic textual annotation of video news based on semantic visual object extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present our work for automatic generation of textual metadata based on visual content analysis of video news. We present two methods for semantic object detection and recognition from a cross modal image-text thesaurus. These thesaurus represent a supervised association between models and semantic labels. This paper is concerned with two semantic objects: faces and Tv logos. In the first part, we present our work for efficient face detection and recogniton with automatic name generation. This method allows us also to suggest the textual annotation of shots close-up estimation. On the other hand, we were interested to automatically detect and recognize different Tv logos present on incoming different news from different Tv Channels. This work was done jointly with the French Tv Channel TF1 within the "MediaWorks" project that consists on an hybrid text-image indexing and retrieval plateform for video news.

Boujemaa, Nozha; Fleuret, Francois; Gouet, Valerie; Sahbi, Hichem

2003-12-01

118

Textual alchemy: the transformation of pseudo-Albertus Magnus's Semita recta into the Mirror of Lights.  

PubMed

This article explores the strategies of and the reasons behind the reworking of pseudo-Albertus Magnus's Semita recta into the Mirror of Lights. I argue that the redactor sought to provide a more comprehensive defence of the legitimacy of alchemy than found in the Semita recta. In the process of doing so, he reshaped the original text so as to present three units that addressed different parts of the alchemical opus: first, theory and justification of alchemy; second, basic information on substances and procedures; and, third, practice. The redactor employed sophisticated textual tools identical to those seen in scholastic texts. These strategies, I argue, constitute part of the redactor's attempt to bring authority and credibility to his project and to alchemy in general. Certainly, much more attention needs to be paid to these experiments of textual alchemy in order to understand the practice of alchemy in the late medieval period. PMID:20506702

Grund, Peter

2009-11-01

119

Rough Set Feature Selection Algorithms for Textual Case-Based Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feature selection algorithms can reduce the high dimensionality of textual cases and increase case-based task performance.\\u000a However, conventional algorithms (e.g., information gain) are computationally expensive. We previously showed that, on one\\u000a dataset, a rough set feature selection algorithm can reduce computational complexity without sacrificing task performance.\\u000a Here we test the generality of our findings on additional feature selection algorithms, add

Kalyan Moy Gupta; David W. Aha; Philip Moore

2006-01-01

120

Recognizing manipulation actions in arts and crafts shows using domain-specific visual and textual cues  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an approach for automatic annotation of commercial videos from an arts-and-crafts domain with the aid of textual descriptions. The main focus is on recognizing both manipulation actions (e.g. cut, draw, glue) and the tools that are used to perform these actions (e.g. markers, brushes, glue bottle). We demonstrate how multiple visual cues such as motion descriptors, object presence,

Benjamin Sapp; Rizwan Chaudhry; Xiaodong Yu; Gautam Singh; Ian Perera; Francis Ferraro; Evelyne Tzoukermann; Jana Kosecka; Jan Neumann

2011-01-01

121

Research on the Evaluation of Textual Comprehensibility Based on French Corpus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study on the degree of the textual comprehensibility based on French corpus comes under the umbrella of corpus-involved text research. A systematic random sampling is employed in the present paper to compare the six different groups extracted from one and the same sampled French text. The formula, viz. A+BX?C, is provided here to equidistantly extract linguistic fragments from the

Yu Ping-fang; Du Jia-li; Qian Gui-qin

2010-01-01

122

Towards an Enhanced Vector Model to Encode Textual Relations: Experiments Retrieving Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

The constant growth of digital information, facilitated by storage technologies, imposes new challenges for information processing\\u000a tasks, and maintains the need of effective search mechanisms, oriented towards improving in precision but simultaneously capable\\u000a of producing useful information in a short time. Hence, this paper presents a document representation to encode textual relations.\\u000a This representation does not consider each term as

Maya Carrillo; A. López-lópez

2008-01-01

123

Visual Presentation as a Welcome Alternative to Textual Presentation of Gene Annotation Information  

PubMed Central

The functions of a gene are traditionally annotated textually using either free text (Gene Reference Into Function or GeneRIF) or controlled vocabularies (e.g., Gene Ontology or Disease Ontology). Inspired by the latest word cloud tools developed by the Information Visualization Group at IBM Research, we have prototyped a visual system for capturing gene annotations, which we named Gene Graph Into Function or GeneGIF. Fully developing the GeneGIF system would be a significant effort. To justify the necessity and to specify the design requirements of GeneGIF, we first surveyed the end-user preferences. From 53 responses, we found that a majority (64%, p < 0.05) of the users were either positive or neutral toward using GeneGIF in their daily work (acceptance); in terms of preference, a slight majority (51%, p > 0.05) of the users favored visual presentation of information (GeneGIF) compared to textual (GeneRIF) information. The results of this study indicate that a visual presentation tool, such as GeneGIF, can complement standard textual presentation of gene annotations. Moreover, the survey participants provided many constructive comments that will specify the development of a phase-two project (http://128.248.174.241/) to visually annotate each gene in the human genome.

Desai, Jairav; Flatow, Jared M.; Song, Jie; Zhu, Lihua J.; Du, Pan; Huang, Chiang-Ching; Lu, Hui; Lin, Simon M.

2010-01-01

124

Using Semantic Web technology to support icd-11 textual definitions authoring.  

PubMed

The beta phase of the 11th revision of International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) intends to accept public input through a distributed model of authoring. One of the core use cases is to create textual definitions for the ICD categories. The objective of the present study is to design, develop, and evaluate approaches to support ICD-11 textual definitions authoring using Semantic Web technology. We investigated a number of heterogeneous resources related to the definitions of diseases, including the linked open data (LOD) from DBpedia, the textual definitions from the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) and the formal definitions of the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine-Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). We integrated them in a Semantic Web framework (i.e., the Linked Data in a Resource Description Framework [RDF] triple store), which is being proposed as a backend in a prototype platform for collaborative authoring of ICD-11 beta. We performed a preliminary evaluation on the usefulness of our approaches and discussed the potential challenges from both technical and clinical perspectives. PMID:23601451

Jiang, Guoqian; Solbrig, Harold R; Chute, Christopher G

2013-04-21

125

Comparing the quality of accessing medical literature using content-based visual and textual information retrieval  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Content-based visual information (or image) retrieval (CBIR) has been an extremely active research domain within medical imaging over the past ten years, with the goal of improving the management of visual medical information. Many technical solutions have been proposed, and application scenarios for image retrieval as well as image classification have been set up. However, in contrast to medical information retrieval using textual methods, visual retrieval has only rarely been applied in clinical practice. This is despite the large amount and variety of visual information produced in hospitals every day. This information overload imposes a significant burden upon clinicians, and CBIR technologies have the potential to help the situation. However, in order for CBIR to become an accepted clinical tool, it must demonstrate a higher level of technical maturity than it has to date. Since 2004, the ImageCLEF benchmark has included a task for the comparison of visual information retrieval algorithms for medical applications. In 2005, a task for medical image classification was introduced and both tasks have been run successfully for the past four years. These benchmarks allow an annual comparison of visual retrieval techniques based on the same data sets and the same query tasks, enabling the meaningful comparison of various retrieval techniques. The datasets used from 2004-2007 contained images and annotations from medical teaching files. In 2008, however, the dataset used was made up of 67,000 images (along with their associated figure captions and the full text of their corresponding articles) from two Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) scientific journals. This article describes the results of the medical image retrieval task of the ImageCLEF 2008 evaluation campaign. We compare the retrieval results of both visual and textual information retrieval systems from 15 research groups on the aforementioned data set. The results show clearly that, currently, visual retrieval alone does not achieve the performance necessary for real-world clinical applications. Most of the common visual retrieval techniques have a MAP (Mean Average Precision) of around 2-3%, which is much lower than that achieved using textual retrieval (MAP=29%). Advanced machine learning techniques, together with good training data, have been shown to improve the performance of visual retrieval systems in the past. Multimodal retrieval (basing retrieval on both visual and textual information) can achieve better results than purely visual, but only when carefully applied. In many cases, multimodal retrieval systems performed even worse than purely textual retrieval systems. On the other hand, some multimodal retrieval systems demonstrated significantly increased early precision, which has been shown to be a desirable behavior in real-world systems.

Müller, Henning; Kalpathy-Cramer, Jayashree; Kahn, Charles E., Jr.; Hersh, William

2009-02-01

126

Reconsidering the Rhizome: A Textual Analysis of Web Search Engines as Gatekeepers of the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Critical theorists have often drawn from Deleuze and Guattari's notion of the rhizome when discussing the potential of the Internet. While the Internet may structurally appear as a rhizome, its day-to-day usage by millions via search engines precludes experiencing the random interconnectedness and potential democratizing function. Through a textual analysis of four search engines, I argue that Web searching has grown hierarchies, or "trees," that organize data in tracts of knowledge and place users in marketing niches rather than assist in the development of new knowledge.

Hess, A.

127

Biomedical imaging modality classification using combined visual features and textual terms.  

PubMed

We describe an approach for the automatic modality classification in medical image retrieval task of the 2010 CLEF cross-language image retrieval campaign (ImageCLEF). This paper is focused on the process of feature extraction from medical images and fuses the different extracted visual features and textual feature for modality classification. To extract visual features from the images, we used histogram descriptor of edge, gray, or color intensity and block-based variation as global features and SIFT histogram as local feature. For textual feature of image representation, the binary histogram of some predefined vocabulary words from image captions is used. Then, we combine the different features using normalized kernel functions for SVM classification. Furthermore, for some easy misclassified modality pairs such as CT and MR or PET and NM modalities, a local classifier is used for distinguishing samples in the pair modality to improve performance. The proposed strategy is evaluated with the provided modality dataset by ImageCLEF 2010. PMID:21912534

Han, Xian-Hua; Chen, Yen-Wei

2011-09-08

128

Assessing Online Textual Feedback to Support Student Intrinsic Motivation Using a Collaborative Text-Based Dialogue System: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses textual feedback to support student intrinsic motivation using a collaborative text-based dialogue system. A research model is presented based on research into intrinsic motivation, and the specific construct of feedback provides a framework for the model. A qualitative research methodology is used to validate the model.…

Shroff, Ronnie H.; Deneen, Christopher

2011-01-01

129

Analyzing layering in textual design: a multimodal approach for examining cultural, linguistic, and social migrations in digital video  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the nature of layering noisy and moving features in video to better understand how the movement of people, their ideas, and their texts are shifting functions of design and circulation within digital contexts. Drawing from video collected as part of an ethnography of digital literacies in urban contexts, features of textual design in a music video will

Myrrh Domingo

2011-01-01

130

Representing Multiple Pathways of Textual Flow in the Greek Manuscripts of the Letter of James Using Reduced Median Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many manuscripts of the Greek New Testament are influenced by multiplepathways of textual flow. This makes it difficult to reconstructa stemma using traditional methods. We describe a novel applicationof the reduced median algorithm (developed in evolutionary biology)to reconstructing a stemma for selected Greek manuscripts of theLetter of James. This stemma is a network in which contaminationis explicitly represented. It is

Matthew Spencer; Klaus Wachtel; Christopher J. Howe

2004-01-01

131

Problem Solving beyond the Logic of Things. Textual and Contextual Effects on Understanding and Solving Word Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports research into the linguistic and extra-linguistic or social-cognitive structure of problem presentation contexts. The effects of textual and social syntax were investigated, including the specific structure of the problem text by which situations, processes, actions, and number relations are implicitly or explicitly expressed,…

Reusser, Kurt

132

Spatial policies for regional sustainable development: A comparison of graphic and textual representations in regional plans in England and Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dühr S. (2005) Spatial policies for regional sustainable development: a comparison of graphic and textual representations in regional plans in England and Germany, Regional Studies 39 , 1167–1182. Cartographic representation in strategic spatial plans can be a powerful tool for the communication of spatial policies to achieve sustainable development. Regional plans in England and Germany were analysed to identify the

Stefanie Dühr

2005-01-01

133

FENOLOGÍA DEL CULTIVO DEL CHILE (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Datos diarios de temperaturas máximas y mínimas del aire fueron usados para determinar las unidades calor, que sirvieron como referencia para definir las principales etapas fenológicas en seis tipos diferentes de chile (Capsicum annuum). Las unidades calor sirvieron para inferir el período de mayor requerimiento de nutrimentos, así como la relación con la sintomatología de las enfermedades más importantes

Salvador Montes Hernández; Elena Heredia García; J. Alfonso; Aguirre Gómez

134

A comparison of textual and echoic prompts on the acquisition of intraverbal behavior in a six-year-old boy with autism  

PubMed Central

A comparison of textual and echoic prompts was conducted to determine which form of prompts was more effective for teaching intraverbal behavior to a 6-year-old boy with autism. A multiple baseline design across three sets of questions measured (a) the number of full-sentence target answers, (b) partial answers that made sense, and (c) partial answers that did not make sense, or no response, to direct questions asked. A fading procedure using either scripted textual or scripted echoic prompts was employed to evoke the child's correct answers. Although both forms of prompts were effective, results indicated that textual prompts were much more effective. These findings suggest that textual prompts may be effective in teaching complex skills to children with autism. ImagesFig. 1

Finkel, Amy S.; Williams, Randy L.

2002-01-01

135

A Scalable Self-organizing Map Algorithm for Textual Classification: A Neural Network Approach to Thesaurus Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

hc ch he en n@ @b bp pa a. .a ar ri iz zo on na a..e ed du u Abstract: The rapid p roliferation of textual and multimedia online databases, digital li braries, Internet servers, and intranet services has turned researchers' and p ractitioners' dream of creating an information-rich society into a nightmare of info-gluts. Many researchers believe that

Dmitri G. Roussinov; Hsinchun Chen

1998-01-01

136

A knowledge-based approach for textual information extraction from mixed text\\/graphics complex document images  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new knowledge-based technique for extracting and identifying text-lines from various real-life mixed text\\/graphics complex document images is presented in this paper. The proposed technique first decompose the document image into distinct object planes to separate homogeneous objects including textual regions of interest, non-text objects such as graphics and pictures, and background textures. Then a knowledge-based text extraction and identification

Yen-Lin Chen

2010-01-01

137

Empowering the users? A critical textual analysis of the role of users in open source software development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines a critical, textual approach for the analysis of the relationship between different actors in information\\u000a technology (IT) production, and further concretizes the approach in the analysis of the role of users in the open source software\\u000a (OSS) development literature. Central concepts of the approach are outlined. The role of users is conceptualized as reader involvement aiming to

Netta Iivari

2009-01-01

138

The PROBADO Project - Approach and Lessons Learned in Building a Digital Library System for Heterogeneous Non-textual Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The PROBADO project is a research effort to develop and operate advanced Digital Library support for non-textual documents.\\u000a The main goal is to contribute to all parts of the Digital Library work flow from content acquisition over indexing to search\\u000a and presentation. While not limited in terms of supported document types, reference support is developed for classical digital\\u000a music and

René Berndt; Ina Blümel; Michael Clausen; David Damm; Jürgen Diet; Dieter W. Fellner; Christian Fremerey; Reinhard Klein; Frank Krahl; Maximilian Scherer; Irina Sens; Verena Thomas; Raoul Wessel

2010-01-01

139

Large scale near-duplicate celebrity web images retrieval using visual and textual features.  

PubMed

Near-duplicate image retrieval is a classical research problem in computer vision toward many applications such as image annotation and content-based image retrieval. On the web, near-duplication is more prevalent in queries for celebrities and historical figures which are of particular interest to the end users. Existing methods such as bag-of-visual-words (BoVW) solve this problem mainly by exploiting purely visual features. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel text-based data-driven reranking framework, which utilizes textual features and is combined with state-of-art BoVW schemes. Under this framework, the input of the retrieval procedure is still only a query image. To verify the proposed approach, a dataset of 2 million images of 1089 different celebrities together with their accompanying texts is constructed. In addition, we comprehensively analyze the different categories of near duplication observed in our constructed dataset. Experimental results on this dataset show that the proposed framework can achieve higher mean average precision (mAP) with an improvement of 21% on average in comparison with the approaches based only on visual features, while does not notably prolong the retrieval time. PMID:24163631

Qiao, Fengcai; Wang, Cheng; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Hui

2013-09-14

140

Tonal interface to MacroMolecules (TIMMol): A textual and tonal tool for molecular visualization.  

PubMed

We developed the three-dimensional visualization software, Tonal Interface to MacroMolecules or TIMMol, for studying atomic coordinates of protein structures. Key features include audio tones indicating x, y, z location, identification of the cursor location in one-dimensional and three-dimensional space, textual output that can be easily linked to speech or Braille output, and the ability to scroll along the main chain backbone of a protein structure. This program was initially designed for visually impaired users, and it already has shown its effectiveness in helping a blind researcher study X-ray crystal structure data. Subsequently, TIMMol has been enhanced with a graphical display to act as a bridge to ease communication between sighted and visually impaired users as well as to serve users with spatial visualization difficulties. We performed a pilot study to assess the efficacy of the program in conveying three-dimensional information about proteins with and without graphical output to a general scientific audience. Attitudes regarding using TIMMol were assessed using Rasmol, a common visualization package, for comparison. With the use of text and tones exclusively, a majority of users were able to identify specific secondary structure elements, three-dimensional relationships among atoms, and atoms coordinating a ligand. In addition, a majority of users saw benefits in using TIMMol and would recommend it to those having difficulty with standard tools. PMID:21591192

Cordes, Timothy J; Carlson, C Britt; Forest, Katrina T

2008-05-01

141

"A hint of it, with initials": adultery, textuality and publicity in Jane Austen's Lady Susan.  

PubMed

In spite of Jane Austen's professed “eye” for an adulteress, comparatively little attention has been paid to adultery and divorce as themes and contexts of her fiction. Her unpublished epistolary novel Lady Susan has a distinctive status in Austen's oeuvre, recognized as being exemplary of her “style” and yet atypical of her later achievement. A neglected context for the novel is the extensive reporting of adultery trials in contemporary print culture and the moral panic concerning adultery in the 1780s and 1790s, focusing initially on the adulteress as the brazen woman of fashion and later as a figure of sentimentalized abjection. A particularly notorious case, that involving Lady Henrietta Grosvenor and George III's brother, the Duke of Cumberland, is directly alluded to in Lady Susan. The textual strategies of adultery trial literature, particularly its emphasis on indirection through the use of detail or “hint”, had a long-term influence on the development of Austen's fiction and her positioning of herself as a professional writer after the 1790s. PMID:21275195

Russell, Gillian

2010-01-01

142

Large Scale Near-Duplicate Celebrity Web Images Retrieval Using Visual and Textual Features  

PubMed Central

Near-duplicate image retrieval is a classical research problem in computer vision toward many applications such as image annotation and content-based image retrieval. On the web, near-duplication is more prevalent in queries for celebrities and historical figures which are of particular interest to the end users. Existing methods such as bag-of-visual-words (BoVW) solve this problem mainly by exploiting purely visual features. To overcome this limitation, this paper proposes a novel text-based data-driven reranking framework, which utilizes textual features and is combined with state-of-art BoVW schemes. Under this framework, the input of the retrieval procedure is still only a query image. To verify the proposed approach, a dataset of 2 million images of 1089 different celebrities together with their accompanying texts is constructed. In addition, we comprehensively analyze the different categories of near duplication observed in our constructed dataset. Experimental results on this dataset show that the proposed framework can achieve higher mean average precision (mAP) with an improvement of 21% on average in comparison with the approaches based only on visual features, while does not notably prolong the retrieval time.

Wang, Cheng; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Hui

2013-01-01

143

Determinación del Continuo No-Estelar en AGNs del Tipo NLS1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Narrow Line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) are a subclass of AGN with Seyfert 1 characteristics but without broad prominent lines. We approach the determination of the non-stellar continuum using the spectral synthesis technique. In order to achieve this goal, we chose a sample of 130 NLS1 up to z = 0.1. Using this method we determined: (a) central black holes masses, (b) acretion rates, (c) electronic densities in the narrow line region, and we found some correlations between these parameters. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Oio, G. A.; Vega Neme, L.; Schmidt, E.; Ferreiro, D.

144

Autofrecuencias del movimiento del polo para un modelo de tierra de tipo Jeffreys-Molodensky.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present an exhaustive study of deformations and dynamical effects for theoretical polar motion of a complete Jeffreys-Molodensky earth model (ellipsodic, rotating and perturbed earth model composed by an elastic mantle with a liquid core), supposing an homogeneous core. Finally, they obtain the free frequencies of polar motion.

Camacho, A. G.; Sevilla, M. J.

145

Expresión diferencial de proteínas cardiacas en ratas diabéticas tipo Sprague-Dawley Differential heart protein expression in diabetic type Sprague-Dawley rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Se purificaron proteínas cardiacas a partir de ratas diabéticas y sanas de tipo Sprague-Dawley. Las proteínas fueron fraccionadas por medio de gel de electroforesis de dos dimensiones (2D-PAGE). La separación resultante fue visualizada por tinción con Coomassie azul. Luego de ser convertidas en imagen digital, las proteínas del grupo diabético y del grupo control fueron comparadas y correlacionadas para determinar

Richard Southgate; Cristina Osorio; John Bustamante; Óscar Alzate

146

EFICACIA Y RESIDUALIDAD DE DOS INSECTICIDAS PIRETROIDES CONTRA Triatoma infestans EN TRES TIPOS DE VIVIENDAS. EVALUACIÓN DE CAMPO EN AREQUIPA, PERÚ  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Objetivos. Comparar la eficacia residual de dos insecticidas en el control vectorial del Triatoma infestans sobre tres tipos de vivienda en dos localidades de Arequipa, Perú. Material y métodos. Ensayo de campo, se utilizaron formulaciones de polvo mojado de deltametrina y lambdacihalotrina sobre diferentes sustratos (concreto, ladrillo y sillar) a dosis de 25 y 30 mg\\/m2 respectivamente. Se usó

Miriam Palomino; Pablo Villaseca; Fanny Cárdenas; Jenny Ancca; Maritza Pinto

147

Richness, Redundancy or Relational Salience? A Comparison of the Effect of Textual and Aural Feedback Modes on Knowledge Elaboration in Higher Education Students' Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the effects of formative assessment feedback commentaries utilizing textual and aural media on the quality of knowledge elaboration within the written work of a sample of 104 higher education students. A randomized, mixed methodological approach was adopted that examined changes within the students' work over a period of one…

Gleaves, Alan; Walker, Caroline

2013-01-01

148

Richness, Redundancy or Relational Salience? A Comparison of the Effect of Textual and Aural Feedback Modes on Knowledge Elaboration in Higher Education Students' Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of formative assessment feedback commentaries utilizing textual and aural media on the quality of knowledge elaboration within the written work of a sample of 104 higher education students. A randomized, mixed methodological approach was adopted that examined changes within the students' work over a period of one…

Gleaves, Alan; Walker, Caroline

2013-01-01

149

Efectos heterogéneos del trabajo infantil en la adquisición de habilidades cognitivas  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio se ocupa de los efectos heterogéneos del trabajo en la formación de capital humano a través de una definición amplia de trabajo que incluye toda actividad asociada a responsabilidades no escolares. Dada la variedad de responsabilidades asumidas por niños y adolescentes peruanos, se toma en cuenta dos criterios para clasificar los diferentes tipos de trabajo: el tipo de

Carmen Ponce

2012-01-01

150

Political Protest in Gómez Manrique's Defunzión del noble cauallero Garçía Laso de la Vega  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the implicit denunciation of Enrique IV de Castilla (1454–1474) that is found in the Defunzión del noble cauallero Garçía Laso de la Vega, a poetic elegy composed by the Castilian knight Gómez Manrique (c. 1415–1490) in honour of his ally who was killed during a skirmish in the Granadan territories. Textual analysis presents the various literary techniques,

Carl W. Atlee

2010-01-01

151

Political Protest in Gómez Manrique's Defunzión del noble cauallero Garçía Laso de la Vega  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This article studies the implicit denunciation of Enrique IV de Castilla (1454–1474) that is found in the Defunzión del noble cauallero Garçía Laso de la Vega, a poetic elegy composed by the Castilian knight Gómez Manrique (c. 1415–1490) in honour of his ally who was killed during a skirmish in the Granadan territories. Textual analysis presents the various literary techniques,

Carl W. Atlee

2010-01-01

152

Masculine Hegemony in March Madness? A Textual Analysis of the Gendered Language Used by Newspaper and Online Sportswriters Covering NCAA Women's and Men's Basketball Tournaments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary goal of this textual analysis was to examine narratives and descriptors sportswriters used when covering the NCAA Division I women’s and men’s basketball tournaments (March Madness). Drawing principally from a masculine hegemonic framework, this research examined articles published with bylines over a 26-day period in 2006 coinciding with March Madness. Articles came from The New York Times, USA

Edward Martin Kian

2006-01-01

153

Linfomas tipo MALT de la conjuntiva. Estudio clinicopatológico de 12 casos del Hospital General de México  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionLymphoid ocular adnexa neoplasms comprise 7-8% of all extranodal lymphomas, the most common being the extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma), followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Some infectious organisms may play an aetiological role in the development of MALT lymphomas, although this is not a consistent finding. Specific translocations have also been identified which cause

Mauricio Sarmiento-Chavero; Nayeli Belem Gabiño-López; Ana De Cosio-Farias; Mariam Smith-Pliego; Marco Antonio Durán-Padilla

2011-01-01

154

Relaciones fundamentales de la población de galaxias de tipo temprano del cúmulo de Antlia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of a study of more than 100 early-type galaxies in Antlia Cluster, that span from giant ellipticals to dwarf ellipticals, covering a magnitude range of 11 magnitudes (M_{V_T} = -22 to -11). We perform surface photometry of these galaxies, and their total magnitudes, surface brightnesses and radii are determined on the basis of the Sérsic law fits. Finally, the fundamental relations between them are analyzed. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Calderón, J. P.; Bassino, L. P.; Cellone, S. A.; Smith Castelli, A. V.; Caso, J. P.

155

A comparison and user-based evaluation of models of textual information structure in the context of cancer risk assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Many practical tasks in biomedicine require accessing specific types of information in scientific literature; e.g. information about the results or conclusions of the study in question. Several schemes have been developed to characterize such information in scientific journal articles. For example, a simple section-based scheme assigns individual sentences in abstracts under sections such as Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusions. Some schemes of textual information structure have proved useful for biomedical text mining (BIO-TM) tasks (e.g. automatic summarization). However, user-centered evaluation in the context of real-life tasks has been lacking. Methods We take three schemes of different type and granularity - those based on section names, Argumentative Zones (AZ) and Core Scientific Concepts (CoreSC) - and evaluate their usefulness for a real-life task which focuses on biomedical abstracts: Cancer Risk Assessment (CRA). We annotate a corpus of CRA abstracts according to each scheme, develop classifiers for automatic identification of the schemes in abstracts, and evaluate both the manual and automatic classifications directly as well as in the context of CRA. Results Our results show that for each scheme, the majority of categories appear in abstracts, although two of the schemes (AZ and CoreSC) were developed originally for full journal articles. All the schemes can be identified in abstracts relatively reliably using machine learning. Moreover, when cancer risk assessors are presented with scheme annotated abstracts, they find relevant information significantly faster than when presented with unannotated abstracts, even when the annotations are produced using an automatic classifier. Interestingly, in this user-based evaluation the coarse-grained scheme based on section names proved nearly as useful for CRA as the finest-grained CoreSC scheme. Conclusions We have shown that existing schemes aimed at capturing information structure of scientific documents can be applied to biomedical abstracts and can be identified in them automatically with an accuracy which is high enough to benefit a real-life task in biomedicine.

2011-01-01

156

Summarizing Information Graphics Textually  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information graphics (such as bar charts and line graphs) play a vital role in many multimodal documents. The majority of information graphics that appear in popular media are intended to convey a message and the graphic designer uses deliberate communicative signals, such as highlighting certain aspects of the graphic, in order to bring that message out. The graphic, whose communicative

Seniz Demir; Sandra Carberry; Kathleen F. McCoy

2012-01-01

157

Sexuality and Textuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Post-Freudian theories have been criticized for abandoning what is basic to psychoanalysis: the biological body and sexuality as the source of intrapsychic motivation. Arguably, however, they are more present than ever before—for example, in explanations by theorists who propose therapeutic actions beyond interpretation, presymbolic enactments of procedural memories, or disclosures of the analyst's bodily states as an aspect of intersubjectivity.

Bonnie E. Litowitz

2002-01-01

158

Textualism and Tax Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial debate about the approaches employed by courts to interpret statutes and regulations has developed during the last decade. Some have argued that the search for a statute's meaning and purpose should focus on the text, itself, and should not include consulting legislative history. In contrast, others have argued that it is difficult to determine the meaning of a

Noel B. Cunningham; James R. Repetti

2004-01-01

159

Textual Data in Psychiatry  

PubMed Central

Personal meaning in subjective experience is a key element in the treatment of persons with mental disorders. Open-response speech samples would appear to be suitable for studying this type of subjective experience, but there are still important challenges in using language as data. Scientific principles involved in sample size calculation, validity, and reliability may be applicable, by analogy, to data collected in the form of words. We describe a rationale for including computer-assisted techniques as one step of a qualitative analysis procedure that includes manual reading. Clarification of a framework for including language as data in psychiatric research may allow us to more effectively bridge biological and psychometric research with clinical practice, a setting where the patient’s clinical “data” are, in large part, conveyed in words.

Yang, Suzanne; Mulvey, Edward P.; Falissard, Bruno

2013-01-01

160

Global and Local Textuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Coherence and cohesion are fundamental considerations of the composing process that help to define the global and local components of texuality. Global text coherence centers on those aspects of the familiar rhetorical situation. Coherence operates at the paragraph and essay levels, answering questions about focus, tone, mode, topic, and thesis.…

Campbell, B. G.

161

Composição química, evolução e cinemática de estrelas de tipo solar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A composição química das estrelas de tipo solar é um diagnóstico extremamente valioso da evolução química do disco da Galáxia. Existe alguma evidência de que tal evolução tem sido heterogênea no espaço e ao longo do tempo e que a composição química do Sol pode não ser um padrão representativo de abundâncias. Neste trabalho, foram obtidas as abundâncias dos elementos químicos C, N, Na, Mg, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, Nd e Sm em uma amostra de estrelas de tipo solar na vizinhança solar (distâncias £ 25 pc). A técnica empregada foi a análise espectroscópica diferencial em relação ao Sol, baseando-se em dados de alta resolução (R ~ 46.000) e alta razão sinal/ruído (S/R > 300), obtidos com o espectrógrafo échelle de bancada do telescópio de 1,5 m do CTIO. Adicionalmente, abundâncias de C e N foram obtidas através de síntese de bandas moleculares dos Sistemas Eletrônicos Swan do C2 e Vermelho do CN utilizando-se um programa de síntese espectral. Os parâmetros atmosféricos foram estabelecidos usando cores fotométricas, o equilíbrio de excitação e ionização de linhas do Fe e a análise da temperatura e da luminosidade estelares no diagrama HR. Os resultados de abundâncias químicas obtidos proporcionam uma melhor compreensão da relação das abundâncias conhecidas para o Sol com a das estrelas anãs de tipo G da população local, uma vez que as razões de abundâncias de diversos elementos (em relação ao ferro) obtidas para estrelas de metalicidade semelhante à solar diferem daquelas obtidas para o Sol. Tais resultados também contribuem para um melhor entendimento do processo de evolução química da vizinhança solar e do enriquecimento nucleossintético do disco galáctico.

Silva, R. O.; Porto de Mello, G. F.; Milone, A. C.

2003-08-01

162

Resourcing families: Geographies of opportunity and the networking of knowledge about children's learning and development Resourcing parents of infants to support literacy learning and development: an examination of textual networks and information pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I draw on the ecological survey of the Parents Information Networks project to identify and analyse texts that are significant for their promotion of early literacy by sponsors of literacy (Brandt, 1998), their existence in multiple forms, media and modes (book, website, pamphlet, magazine), and their widespread diffusion through social and textual networks. I use conceptual resources

Helen Nixon

2008-01-01

163

[The decipher, annotation and textual researches of 7 anti-dysentery prescriptions in the Tangut medical documents unearthed in Khara-Khoto].  

PubMed

There were 7 anti-dysentery prescriptions in the Tangut medical documents unearthed in Khara-Khoto, preserved in Russia, which were deciphered, annotated and textually researched based on the Tangut tool books like Wenhai (Word Ocean), Tongyin (Homophones), and Fan han he shi zhang zhong zhu (A Tangut-Chinese Timely Gem Dictionary), combining with classical medical documents and application of knowledge of ancient Chinese language. It can be sure that these prescriptions came from the central plains of China during the Song Dynasty, which were made use of by the prescriptions as they were by the physicians of the Western Xia regime, either made modifications and adjustments or without any change. For example, local foods like local sugar and cheese were added. As for the administration and dosage, again, they were applied by following the original one or changing a little according to the local diet customs. PMID:24060025

Tang, Xiao-Long; Liu, Jing-Yun; Zhang, Ru-Qing

2013-05-01

164

Ritrovato per migliorare la qualità della traduzione automatica basato sulla teoria correlazionale del pensiero  

Microsoft Academic Search

In questo articolo l'autore descrive un ritrovato per migliorare la qualità della traduzione automatica i- deato da Silvio Ceccato e basato sulla sua teoria correlazionale del pensiero. Basandosi su esso Ceccato e i suoi collaboratori si dedicarono al problema della traduzione automatica dal 1959 al 1966, compien- do ricerche di tipo quasi esclusivamente teorico. Il progetto fu interrotto quando la

Giulio Benedetti

2005-01-01

165

Desempenho de um trator operando em solo com diferentes tipos de cobertura vegetal  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: A eficiência de um trator para desenvolver esforço tratório depende da interação entre o rodado e o solo, envolvendo um complexo conjunto de fatores: característica do rodado, patinagem, transferência de peso do trator, tipo de solo, umidade, estado de compactação, tipo de cobertura do solo, entre outros, que proporcionam diferentes condições de trabalho e interferem no desempenho do trator.

Antonio Gabriel Filho; Suedêmio de L. Silva; Alcir J. Modolo; João C. M. da Silveira

2004-01-01

166

Políticas del sitio web  

Cancer.gov

En el sitio web del NCI se proporcionan enlaces a otros sitios web con fines informativos y para conveniencia del público. Si el usuario selecciona un sitio web externo, saldrá del sitio web del NCI y estará sujeto a las políticas de privacidad y seguridad de dicho sitio.

167

Estudio multifrecuencia del medio interestelar cercano a HD 192281  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Una de las causas que modifica la estructura y dinámica del medio interestelar es la acción que los vientos de las estrellas de gran masa ejercen sobre el mismo. En este trabajo, mediante el uso de datos interferométricos obtenidos en la banda de radio en la transición de ?˜21-cm del hidrógeno neutro y de imágenes de la emisión de continuo en las bandas de 408 y 1420 MHz, de imágenes HIRES del satélite IRAS en 60 y 100?m, y de observaciones de continuo obtenidas con radiotelescopios de disco simple en 2695, 4850 y 8350 MHz se ha realizado un estudio multifrecuencia de los efectos que los vientos estelares de HD 192281, una estrella de tipo espectral O5,Vn((f))p, han tenido sobre el medio interestelar que rodea a la misma.

Arnal, E. M.; Cappa, C. E.; Cichowolski, S.; Pineault, S.; St-Louis, N.

168

Estudio multifrecuencia del medio interestelar cercano a HD 192281  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Una de las causas que modifica la estructura y dinámica del medio interestelar es la acción que los vientos de las estrellas de gran masa ejercen sobre el mismo. En este trabajo, mediante el uso de datos interferométricos obtenidos en la banda de radio en la transición de 21-cm del Hidrógeno neutro y de imágenes de la emisión de continuo en las bandas de 408 y 1420 MHz, de imágenes HIRES del satélite IRAS en 60 y 100 micrones, y de observaciones de continuo obtenidas con radiotelescopios de disco simple en 2695, 4850 y 8350 MHz se ha realizado un estudio multifrecuencia de los efectos que los vientos estelares de HD 192281, una estrella de tipo espectral O5 Vn((f))p, han tenido sobre el medio interestelar que rodea a la misma.

Arnal, E. M.; Cappa, C.; Cichowolski, S.; Pineault, S.; St-Louis, N.

169

Liberación\\/mineralización de nitrógeno en hojarasca de Eucalyptus grandis y leguminosas herbáceas, su relación con la calidad física y química del residuo y su efecto sobre el crecimiento de plantas jóvenes de eucalipto  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen El tipo de cosecha y manejo de residuos inciden en el contenido de nutrientes del suelo y la productividad forestal. Estos residuos contienen la mayoría del retorno de N. La velocidad de provisión de nutrientes por la descomposición\\/mineralización puede verse afectada por la calidad química y física como por la localización y contacto de los residuos con el suelo.

Alcaraz Maria Luciana

170

La virtualización del cuerpo a través del \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hablar de un cuerpo virtualizado es hablar de su problematización y consecuente actualización, una de las principales consecuencias de este proceso de transfiguración del cuerpo estaría marcada por una adjudicación actualizada de un cambio. El cuerpo es simultáneamente un cuerpo-materia prima, modelo físico para la conversión óptico-iconográfica digital, y un cuerpo interfaz, que permite el acceso a la morfogénesis del

Eduardo Castro Pinzón; José Luis Troncoso

2005-01-01

171

LINFOMA T DE TIPO ANGIOINMUNOBLASTICO: Estudio clínico-patológico del Grupo de Estudio de Linfomas de Jujuy (GELJ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jujuy have a high incidence of lymphomas and among these a high number of T-cell lymphomas is observed. However the Angioimmunoblastic T- cell Lymphoma once a best characterized T-cell lymphomas, was not studied in Jujuy in both, incidence and clinicopathologic features. These lymphoma present a characteristic clinical findings and a distinctive histopathological picture with T-cell immunophenotype that permit a clear

Oscar Marín; Viviana Gloria Hope; Gabriela Lamas Hernández; Rebeca Mérida; Eugenia Fandiño; Ana Paula Gaite; Liliana Quispe; Graciela Berlingieri; Ana Carolina Ituarte; Ana Laura; Rev Electron Biomed; Electron J Biomed

172

RESPUESTA DEL MAÍZ AL NITRÓGENO Y LA ROTACIÓN CON CANAVALIA, BAJO DOS TIPOS DE LABRANZA. RÍO HATO, PANAMÁ  

Microsoft Academic Search

The response ofmaize towards application ofnitrogen, in rotation with Canavalia, under two cultivation types, at Río Hato, Panamá, 1993-94. An experiment was carried out for two consecutive years in order to evaluate the response of maize with the legume Canavalia ensiformis, and compared to a crop without legumes. The rotative plots were established at the beginning of the rainy season

Román Gordón; Jorge Franco; Nivaldo De Gracia; Andrés González

1997-01-01

173

RELACIONES ENTRE LOS TIPOS DE PADRES Y COMPORTAMIENTOS DE RIESGO EN LA SALUD DEL ADOLESCENTES: UNA REVISIÓN BIBLIOGRÁFICA INTEGRADA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research over the past 20 years suggests that the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship significantly affects the development of risk behaviors in adolescent health. The purpose of this paper is to present a review of studies published between 1996-2007 that address specific relationships between parenting styles and six priority adolescent risk behaviors. The review supports the substantial influence of parenting

Kathy Newman; Lynda Harrison; Carol Dashiff; Susan Davies

2008-01-01

174

Dinámica del Desempeño Académico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo se ocupa del progreso, luego del ingreso, de los estudiantes de la cohorte 2000 de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Si bien hay antecedentes de medición del rendimiento de los estudiantes de la Facultad y sus factores explicativos, se trata de estudios realizados en base a encuestas a alumnos regulares en

Luciano Di Gresia; Alberto Porto

2004-01-01

175

Textually retrieved event analysis toolset  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of interest to the Intelligence (INTEL) community in its focus of the Global war on Terror (GWOT), is a capability to assist reasoning about events in the context of emerging patterns of behavior. An event ontology that decomposes event interactions into (actor, action, target) triplets is proposed for this purpose. Within this ontology battlespace objects (actors, targets) and their interrelationships

J. Palmer

2005-01-01

176

Aztec homosexuality: the textual evidence.  

PubMed

Male and female homosexuality among the Aztecs during the period immediately prior to the Spanish Conquest has been studied infrequently, even though a Nahuatl document, the Florentine Codex, written shortly after the Spanish Conquest, contains a number of texts on the subject. The Florentine Codex has been translated into English; however, the translators use biased and erroneous translations in the sections of the manuscript which mention homosexuality, and the actual meaning is unavailable to anyone who does not know Nahuatl. This paper is a new translation and an introductory study of the available texts on homosexuality in the Florentine Codex. The attitudes of the Aztecs toward homosexual men and women can be inferred from these texts, and there are tantalizing fragments which given an indication of how homosexuality fit into Aztec society. PMID:8113605

Kimball, G

1993-01-01

177

Textual Encounters and Pedagogic Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School, typically, is no place to be caught being queer and knowledge about homosexuality for the majority of young lesbian, gay and bisexual people is routinely constructed within communities of practice. In this paper, I draw upon my own and others' literacy practices to show how our identities and readings of texts were framed by being…

Vicars, Mark

2009-01-01

178

Textual Encounters and Pedagogic Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School, typically, is no place to be caught being queer and knowledge about homosexuality for the majority of young lesbian, gay and bisexual people is routinely constructed within communities of practice. In this paper, I draw upon my own and others' literacy practices to show how our identities and readings of texts were framed by being…

Vicars, Mark

2009-01-01

179

Writing Deaf: Textualizing Deaf Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses why it is difficult to transliterate American Sign Language (ASL) and the visual realities of a deaf individual's life into creative texts written in English. Even on the sentence level, she says, written English resists the unsettling presence of transliteration across modalities. A sign cannot be "said." If…

Harmon, Kristen

2007-01-01

180

Textual categories and Russian morphology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid progress in the linguistic study of literary texts during the last decade has perhaps contributed to a better understanding of the semantic structure of verbal art; it has most certainly, however, prompted linguists to reconsider their theoretical tenets and challenged them to incorporate in the traditional concept of language certain grammatical properties which become manifest in connected discourse

A. G. F. Holk

1975-01-01

181

Pamphlet and Textual Ephemera Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The worlds of theater, tourism, and urban development all come together in this delightful and intriguing digital collection. Created by staff members at the University of Washington Libraries Digital Collection group, the collection includes pamphlets, books, and theater programs that cover tourism in Washington State, urban development in Seattle, the world of theatrical amusements in the area, and the Alaska Yukon Pacific Exposition of 1909. The Seattle architecture offerings are quite useful, and they include promotional brochures for new buildings and a pamphlet that explores the later development of the land which contained the first home of the University of Washington. The theater programs collection contains original programs from a diverse range of production from the early days of Seattle Theater, including productions of "Just Out of College" and "The Pirates of Penzance". All told, the entire collection contains 115 items and it's well worth a look.

182

Tratamiento del cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Información sobre métodos diversos de tratar el cáncer. Cómo encontrar a un doctor o un establecimiento de tratamiento para personas con cáncer, y recursos económicos para ellas. Se incluyen también descripciones y explicaciones de tratamientos convencionales para los tipos específicos de cáncer, y un resumen de la medicina complementaria y alternativa.

183

Patrones alimenticios y valoración del estado nutricional en población adulta atendida en la Atención Primaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los patrones alimenticios influyen en la salud del momento y pueden determinarla a largo plazo.\\u000aOBJETIVOS: Identificar los hábitos alimenticios y el estado nutricional de la población entre 18 y 44 años de edad atendida en un centro de atención primaria y estudiar los factores asociados.\\u000aTIPO DE ESTUDIO: Transversal.\\u000aEMPLAZAMIENTO: Área básica urbana.\\u000aSUJETOS: Muestra aleatoria de 201

Matilde González Solanellas; Marta Puig Soler; Ana Romagosa Perez-Portabella; Clàudia Caselles Montagut; Montserrat Grau Carod; Hegoi Segurola Gurrutxaga; Santiago Lancho Lancho; Edurne Zabaleta del Olmo

2009-01-01

184

Gleevec disminuye la recidiva del cáncer en pacientes con tumor estromal gastrointestinal primario  

Cancer.gov

Los resultados preliminares de un estudio clínico grande aleatorio y controlado con placebo, en pacientes con tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST) primario, un tipo de tumor que por lo general se encuentra en el estómago o en el intestino delgado, demostraron que los pacientes a los que se administró mesilato de imatinib (Gleevec®) luego de la extirpación total de su tumor tuvieron una probabilidad significativamente menor de padecer una recidiva del cáncer en comparación con aquellos a los que no se administró imatinib.

185

41. DISCOVERY, SEARCH, AND COMMUNICATION OF TEXTUAL KNOWLEDGE RESOURCES IN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS a. Discovering and Utilizing Knowledge Sources for Metasearch Knowledge Systems  

SciTech Connect

Advanced Natural Language Processing Tools for Web Information Retrieval, Content Analysis, and Synthesis. The goal of this SBIR was to implement and evaluate several advanced Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools and techniques to enhance the precision and relevance of search results by analyzing and augmenting search queries and by helping to organize the search output obtained from heterogeneous databases and web pages containing textual information of interest to DOE and the scientific-technical user communities in general. The SBIR investigated 1) the incorporation of spelling checkers in search applications, 2) identification of significant phrases and concepts using a combination of linguistic and statistical techniques, and 3) enhancement of the query interface and search retrieval results through the use of semantic resources, such as thesauri. A search program with a flexible query interface was developed to search reference databases with the objective of enhancing search results from web queries or queries of specialized search systems such as DOE's Information Bridge. The DOE ETDE/INIS Joint Thesaurus was processed to create a searchable database. Term frequencies and term co-occurrences were used to enhance the web information retrieval by providing algorithmically-derived objective criteria to organize relevant documents into clusters containing significant terms. A thesaurus provides an authoritative overview and classification of a field of knowledge. By organizing the results of a search using the thesaurus terminology, the output is more meaningful than when the results are just organized based on the terms that co-occur in the retrieved documents, some of which may not be significant. An attempt was made to take advantage of the hierarchy provided by broader and narrower terms, as well as other field-specific information in the thesauri. The search program uses linguistic morphological routines to find relevant entries regardless of whether terms are stored in singular or plural form. Implementation of additional inflectional morphology processes for verbs can enhance retrieval further, but this has to be balanced by the possibility of broadening the results too much. In addition to the DOE energy thesaurus, other sources of specialized organized knowledge such as the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Wikipedia were investigated. The supporting role of the NLP thesaurus search program was enhanced by incorporating spelling aid and a part-of-speech tagger to cope with misspellings in the queries and to determine the grammatical roles of the query words and identify nouns for special processing. To improve precision, multiple modes of searching were implemented including Boolean operators, and field-specific searches. Programs to convert a thesaurus or reference file into searchable support files can be deployed easily, and the resulting files are immediately searchable to produce relevance-ranked results with builtin spelling aid, morphological processing, and advanced search logic. Demonstration systems were built for several databases, including the DOE energy thesaurus.

Zamora, Antonio

2008-03-18

186

DECAIMIENTO DE LA FOTOLUMINISCENCIA EN SILICIO POROSO NANOESTRUCTURADO OBTENIDO A PARTIR DE MATERIAL TIPO N DE ALTA RESISTIVIDAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo realizamos un estudio por Espectroscopía Infrarroja y Fotoluminiscencia de los efectos fotoinducidos en muestras de Silicio Poroso. Las muestras fueron obtenidas por ataque electroquímico de obleas de silicio cristalino de distintos tipos. Para el material tipo p se obtuvieron resultados coincidentes con los ya reportados en otros trabajos de nuestro grupo, que pueden interpretarse en base a

G. Olmos; C. Spies; R. R. Koropecki; R. D. Arce; J. A. Schmidt

2004-01-01

187

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 07-20-2010  

Cancer.gov

El doctor Harold Varmus, acompañado de su esposa Constance Casey (centro), presta juramento como director del NCI ante la Secretaria del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos, Kathleen Sebelius, el lunes 12 de julio. (Foto cortesía de Chris Smith) El 12 de julio, el doctor Harold Varmus prestó juramento ante la Secretaria del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos, Kathleen Sebelios, como el decimocuarto director del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer.

188

El pronóstico del cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Hoja informativa sobre la predicción de resultados y recuperación de una enfermedad, y sobre cómo las estadísticas ayudan a los médicos a hacer una estimación del pronóstico de un paciente con cáncer.

189

Estudo de soluções locais e cosmológicas em teorias do tipo tensor-escalar  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teorias do tipo tensor-escalar são a mais simples extensão possí vel da Relatividade Geral. Nessas teorias, cujo modelo padrão é a teoria de Brans-Dicke, a curvatura do espaço-tempo, descrita por componentes tensoriais, aparece acoplada a um campo escalar que, de certo modo, representa uma variação na constante de acoplamento da gravitação. Tais teorias apresentam soluções locais e cosmológicas que, em

S. Silva E Costa

2003-01-01

190

Il problema del litio.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: 1. Introduzione. 2. La nucleosintesi del Big Bang. 3. Il litio nelle stelle di popolazione II. 4. I modelli stellari standard. 5. Il litio negli ammassi aperti. 6. Meccanismi di distruzione "non standard". 7. I modelli non-standard applicati alla popolazione II. 8. L'evoluzione Galattica del litio. 9. Quali stelle producono litio? 10. Il litio come elemento chiave per dare un nome agli oggetti stellari più minuscoli. 11. Conclusioni.

D'Antona, F.

1995-03-01

191

Fisiopatología del estreñimiento  

Microsoft Academic Search

ResumenEl estreñimiento es un trastorno extremadamente frecuente en la infancia, responsable de hasta el 25% de todas las consultas gastroenterológicas pediátricas y el 3% de todas las consultas pediátricas ambulatorias. En el 90% de los casos el origen del trastorno es funcional y sólo en un 10% existe un problema orgánico subyacente. Entre las causas orgánicas corrientes del estreñimiento infantil

Peter J. Milla

2007-01-01

192

Abundâncias de oxigênio e enxofre nas estrelas de tipo solar da vizinhança solar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alguns resultados sugerem que o Sol seja 58% mais abundante em oxigênio que o meio interestelar local. Esta anomalia parece estender-se para o carbono e o criptônio. Entre as possíveis explicações deste fenômeno estão: uma supernova de tipo II que tenha enriquecido a nebulosa protosolar, tornando-a superabundante em oxigênio; um episódio de infall de material pobre em metais sobre o disco Galático, diluindo o meio interestelar local ou uma migração dinâmica do Sol de uma órbita mais interna da Galáxia para sua posição atual. A escolha entre estes cenários exige o conhecimento preciso da abundância solar em relação às anãs G da vizinhança. Neste contexto, o oxigênio e enxofre, são elementos-chave por serem ambos produzidos pelas supernovas de tipo II, devendo portanto possuir o mesmo padrão de abundância. Este projeto visa esclarecer qual a posição do Sol na distribuição local de abundâncias de enxofre e oxigênio para uma amostra de estrelas de tipo solar com idades e metalicidades bem conhecidas. Para tal, analisamos espectros de alta resolução e alta relação sinal-ruído nas regiões espectrais de ll 6300, 7774 (O) e l8695 (S). Para o enxofre encontramos que o Sol parece ser uma estrela típica dentre as da vizinhança, e que este elemento não mostra a sobreabundância para baixas metalicidades, já bem estabelecida para o oxigênio. Discutimos as abundâncias do enxofre no contexto da Evolução Química da Galáxia. Apresentamos resultados preliminares muito precisos para a linha proibida do oxigênio l6300 e comparamos estes com os obtidos para o tripleto em l7774. Quantificamos os efeitos não-ETL presentes no tripleto em função dos parâmetros atmosféricos estelares.

Requeijo, F.; Porto de Mello, G. F.

2003-08-01

193

Control del cáncer y salud mundial: noticia del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI)  

Cancer.gov

En combinación con una reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas sobre enfermedades no transmisibles en países en vías de desarrollo, el doctor Harold Varmus, director del NCI, y el doctor Ted L. Trimble, del NCI, han publicado un comentario en Science Translational Medicine sobre “La integración del control del cáncer en la salud mundial" (Integrating Cancer Control into Global Health).

194

Descripción del coronógrafo a ser instalado en Argentina (MICA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El ``Coronógrafo de espejo para Argentina'' es un telescopio solar terrestre a ser colocado en el Observatorio Astronómico Félix Aguilar (El Leoncito), antes de finalizar 1996, como parte de un programa de ciencia bilateral entre Alemania y Argentina. Eclipses fotográficos de alta resolución han revelado que la corona solar es altamente estructurada y variable. De hecho, está contínuamente deformada y moldeada por los movimientos convectivos de los extremos de los arcos magnéticos en la fotosfera, estando, en muchas oportunidades, afectada por explosivas liberaciones de energía. MICA, en conjunción con otros telescopios solares espaciales y terrestres, tratará de contribuir al entendimiento de cuestiones fundamentales de la física solar. Entre ellas: cómo la corona está siendo calentada, dónde y cómo el viento solar es acelerado, qué causa los transitorios coronales, etc. Para ello investigará la distribución de los parámetros del plasma y su evolución con el tiempo, la estructura espacial de la corona en fina y gran escala, procesos que ocurren en los transitorios coronales y factores que los disparan, etc. Para responder a estas cuestiones MICA observará la atmósfera solar por sobre el limbo entre 1.1 y 2 radios solares aproximadamente, usando un nuevo tipo de sistema coronográfico que permite suprimir el brillo del disco solar suficientemente bien, tomando las imágenes con una cámara CCD de 1024x1024 pixels, codificada en 12 bits, pudiendo el mismo ser operado en forma remota. En la presente exposición describiremos las características del instrumento, cómo será controlado y qué esperamos observar basados en las imágenes obtenidas por los telescopios de similares características LASCO C1 a bordo del SOHO y PICO (ubicado en el Observatorio de Pic du Midi, Francia).

Stenborg, G.; Francile, C.; Schwenn, R.; Epple, A.; Rovira, M.

195

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 02-02-2010  

Cancer.gov

En un estudio clínico en fase inicial que probó una vacuna terapéutica en pacientes con leucemia mieloide crónica (LMC) que tomaban el fármaco imatinib (Gleevec), no se pudieron detectar células cancerosas en 7 de los 19 participantes por un tiempo promedio de 22 meses. Los resultados del estudio fueron publicados en el número del 1º de enero de la revista Clinical Cancer Research.

196

Cáncer de cuello del útero o uterino  

Cancer.gov

Información acerca del cáncer de cérvix (cervical o cuello uterino), lo cual incluye temas como tratamiento, prevención, causas, factores de riesgo, exámenes selectivos de detección, estudios clínicos y estadísticas del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer.

197

EL ORIGEN BIOLÓGICO DEL DERECHO  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se aborda el posible origen evolutivo del derecho como una consecuencia del desarrollo social de nuestra especie. Otras especies con sistemas sociales similares presentan varias reglas para la convivencia en grupo. Algunas de estas reglas son comunes en todas las especies con comportamiento social. El desarrollo de la sociobiología en las últimas décadas es una herramienta importante

Axel P. Retana-Salazar

198

Evaluación del coeficiente de disipación de energía, R, para algunos tipos de estructuras de acero Evaluating response modification factor (R) for some types of steel structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Response modification factor (R), tabulated in the Colombian Design Code as NSR-98, is used in this paper for eva- luating internal member forces produced by design earthquake action on steel structures and the inconsistencies pre- sent when designing structures when 1% drift limits must be complied with. The article presents the design of 45 frames corresponding to the seismic resistance

Doralba Valencia Restrepo; Gabriel Valencia Clement

2008-01-01

199

Resultados funcionales de la técnica de placa antideslizante versus técnica de placa lateral para el tratamiento quirúrgico de fracturas del maléolo externo tipo Weber B  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Ankle fractures are frequent. Its treatment could be surgical and not surgical. The main complication is residual instability of the joint. This would affect its biomechanical behaviour resulting in loss of function and arthrosis. The objective of this study was to determine the functional outcome of antiglide plate versus lateral plate for ankle fractures. Methods: We designed an experimental

Esteban Holguín Maldonado; Juan Manuel Herrera Arbeláez; Oscar Reyes Pardo; Jorge Mesa

2008-01-01

200

MODIFICACIÓN EN LOS INDICADORES PLASMÁTICOS DEL METABOLISMO DE LÍPIDOS Y GLUCOSA, EN RESPUESTA A DOS TIPOS DE EJERCICIO AERÓBICO EN POBLACIÓN FÍSICAMENTE ACTIVA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The physical exercise has demonstrated to be a preventive factor for the development of chronic- degenerative diseases. The continuous aerobic physical exercise decreases the insulin resistance and the atherogenic lipid profile; however, the intermittent aerobic exercise has been less studied in relation to its effects on lipid metabolism. The metabolic response to both kinds of exercise depends on the intensity,

Rosa Patricia Hernández-Torres; Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez; Eduardo Gómez-Gómez; Ma de Jesús Muñoz-Daw; Patricia Victoria Torres-Durán; Dieter Mascher; Carlos Posadas-Romero; Marco Antonio Juárez-Oropeza

2007-01-01

201

[Textual Research on Wang Fengchun's Life].  

PubMed

WANG Fengchun (1884 - 1949), born in Wu County, Jiangsu Province, was one of the four famous doctors of Beijing in the Republic of China periods. He learned Confucianism during his childhood and then learned medicine from AI Buchan, a famous doctor in Wuzhong area. In 1908, he went to Beijing and was appointed as the prosecutor of the court of law and a medical official, but also had learnt medicine from LI Jun, the head of the Business Ministry. In 1910, Wang resigned and lived as doctor in Beijing. According to the literature, from 1935 to 1942, Wang had been appointed 11 times as a member of Beiping (Beijing) TCM examination committee or test committee. In 1938, he was appointed as president of the Beijing Branch of the National Medical Professional Association and created the Beijing Medicine Monthly in 1939. In September 1939, Wang began to make preparations for a TCM symposium, i.e. the Medicine Symposium which was established officially in October 1939. In 1941, he was appointed as the director of the Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicines Workshop, employing famous doctors to cultivate reserve talents of medicines. Being a realist, he often exchanged opinions with TCM and western medical doctors and also made a contribution to medical education. PMID:22613482

Wang, Ti

2012-01-01

202

Textual support for primary science teaching?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore how the science teaching of five primary teachers (their planning, classroom implementation, assessment and evaluation) relates to their subject knowledge, perceived confidence in teaching, and the way they use published curriculum resource materials. Of the five teachers only one, who did not have a background in science, made systematic use of published

Dorothy Watt; Shirley Simon

1999-01-01

203

Analysing textual data in international marketing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide guidance for the formalised analysis of qualitative data and observations, to raise awareness about systematic analysis and illustrate promising avenues for the application of qualitative methodologies in international marketing research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Conceptually, the nature of qualitative research, globalisation and its implications for the research landscape, text-data as a source for international research and equivalence issues

Rudolf R. Sinkovics; Elfriede Penz; Pervez N. Ghauri

2005-01-01

204

Textual migrations: South Asian-Australian fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis responds to gaps in the scholarship of 'minority literatures' and makes a new contribution to diversifying the field of literary criticism. Given the prominence of South Asian diasporic fiction overseas, the study of South Asian-Australian fiction is now overdue. Given the growing recognition of multicultural and Asian-Australian literatures, the study of South Asian-Australian cultural production now requires attention.

Tamara Mabbott Athique

2006-01-01

205

Automatic Generation of Synonyms Using Textual Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method of generating synonyms for a stimulus word using a computer is proposed. Vector Space Model, where words in text data are arranged in a multi-dimensional space and degree of similarity between two words of them is calculated from how close the words are in the space, may be available to the method. However, it is not easy to optimize parameters in the method because there is no appropriate standard synonym database where proper synonyms for a stimulus word are thoroughly collected. Therefore, we first built such a standard database employing two steps of human subjects expriments, and optimized the parameters of the method of generating synonyms. As the result, it was found that the Vector Space Model-based method using an electronic dictionary as source is better to generate synonyms than the one using a text corpus and an ordinal method using a thesaurus.

Kasahara, Kaname; Inago, Nozomu; Kato, Tsuneaki

206

EVA - A Textual Data Processing Tool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|EVA, a text processing tool designed to be self-contained and useful for a variety of languages, is described briefly, and its extensive coded character set is illustrated. Features, specifications, and database functions are noted. Its application in development of a Slovenian literary dictionary is also described. (MSE)|

Jakopin, Primoz

207

Alberto del Pozo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cuban Heritage Collection of the University of Miami Libraries was a recipient of 17 original illustrations by Alberto del Pozo in 1998 from the Campilli family. "The Oricha Collection" is their gift, and it contains illustrations in pen, crayon, and ink and the collection "pays homage to the primary gods and goddesses that comprise the Afro-Cuban religion of Santer'a." The "Introduction" near the top of the page, is a good place for visitors to start learning about Pozo, who was a Parson's School of Design-trained, Cuban artist who died at the age of 47. The "Biographical Sketch" is worth looking at as well. Examples of his colorful, heavily patterned and symbolism-intensive drawings of Santeria gods and goddesses can be found in the link "Gallery". The description of each drawing is given in English and Spanish. Finally, visitors interested in more information on the Santeria, can look at the "Further Readings" link for authoritative books on the subject.

208

Sulla struttura eletronica del nitrobenzolo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto  È presentato un calcolo di alcune grandezze fisiche del nitrobenzolo mediante il metodo M.O. con una ragionevole scelta dei\\u000a parametri necessari. Per il momento elettrico, la frequenza del primo massimo di assorbimento nell’ultravioletto, le densità\\u000a elettroniche, gli ordini di legame, gli indici di valenza libera e l’energia di risonanza si ottengono valori in ottimo accordo\\u000a con le previsioni. Anche il

M. Simonetta; A. Vaciago

1954-01-01

209

Estudio multiespectral del remanente de supernova W 28  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se presentan observaciones en continuo de radio con muy alta resolución angular y sensibilidad del remanente de supernova (RSN) W28. Las observaciones fueron realizadas con el interferómetro Very Large Array (Estados Unidos), en las configuraciones C y D, en 1415 y 324 MHz. Por la gran extensión de este remanente (diámetro ~ 1o), las observaciones en 1415 MHz se realizaron en modo mosaico, combinando 48 apuntamientos diferentes en una única imagen. En ambas frecuencias los datos se procesaron con el agregado de observaciones de menor resolución angular, a fin de recuperar información en todas las frecuencias espaciales y obtener estimaciones precisas de densidad de flujo. Las imágenes resultantes muestran por primera vez la presencia de extensiones con forma de arco, cuya naturaleza se investiga. Las observaciones en radio se comparan con una imagen óptica de W28, y con la emisión en rayos X, observada con el satélite ROSAT. Este remanente muestra una clara morfología híbrida, tipo cáscara en frecuencias de radio y de centro lleno en las bandas óptica y de rayos X blandos.

Dubner, G.; Velázquez, P.; Castelletti, G.

210

Space as a Metafictional Marker: Borges' 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' and Bertolucci's Strategia del ragno  

Microsoft Academic Search

:In this study, I analyse space as a key marker of the metafictional characteristic of Jorge Luis Borges' story 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' (in Ficciones) and Bernardo Bertolucci's film Strategia del ragno. I contend that the presentation of space – this understudied 'other' with regard to time in criticism of Borges – is a major aspect of the

Ilka Kressner

211

Space as a Metafictional Marker: Borges' 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' and Bertolucci's Strategia del ragno  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, I analyse space as a key marker of the metafictional characteristic of Jorge Luis Borges' story 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' (in Ficciones) and Bernardo Bertolucci's film Strategia del ragno. I contend that the presentation of space – this understudied 'other' with regard to time in criticism of Borges – is a major aspect of the

Ilka Kressner

212

Considerazioni sulla proprieta' insulino-legante del siero del soggetto normale e del diabetico mai trattato con insulina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto Gli AA. rilevano che i sieri dell'individuo normale e del diabetico mai trattato con insulina sono provvisti di proprietà insulino-legante di entità analoga. In alcuni sieri, sia del soggetto normale che del diabetico, è presente un'attività insulino-legante superiore ai valori massimi normali, che diminuisce dopo aggiunta di µU 500 di insulina bovina.

Michele Lunetta; Giuseppe Calcagno; Luciano Motta; Turiddu Lombardo

1968-01-01

213

Marina Del Rey Subregional Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Marina del Ray Subregional Plan was created for submission to the South Coast Regional Commission of the California Coastal Zone Conservation Commission. Since there are not, as yet, any other coastal subregional plans to use as examples, this plan fo...

M. McCoy C. Walecka

1975-01-01

214

Del Mar College GIS Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Del Mar College offers a comprehensive geospatial program with certificates and Associates degrees in GIS. This site includes description of the program and courses, along with further contact information. By clicking on the link for "Geographic Information Systems" you may download a PDF with information about the program.

2010-10-28

215

Del Pezzo surfaces with Du Val singularities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we study the problem of existence of orbifold Kaehler-Einstein metrics on del Pezzo surfaces of degree 1 with Du Val singular points. Moreover we compute global log canonical thresholds of del Pezzo surfaces of degree 1 with Du Val singularities and of del Pezzo surfaces of Picard rank 1 with Du Val singularities.

Kosta, Dimitra

2009-04-01

216

IL TRAPIANTO ORTOTOPICO DEL FEGATO  

PubMed Central

E’ormai noto che esiste la possibilità rivoluzionaria di utilizzare il fegato per il trattamento della stadio terminale delle epatopatie. Nel gennaio 1980 si celebra il decimo anna di sopravvivenza con fegato trapiantato (la più lunga della letteratura) di un paziente da noi trattato. Si tratta di uno dei 12 malati sottoposti a trapianto e seguiti per più di 5 anni. La nota positiva di questa tipo di trattamento è rappresentata dall’eccellente tenore di vita che i pazienti conducono e dalla riabilitazione sociale e professionale. La nota negativa è data, invece, dal fatto che i buoni risultati non vengono raggiunti con regolarità e non possono essere previsti con esattezza. In questa breve rassegna considereremo la esperienza da noi fatta presso l’Università di Denver nel Colorado, mettendo in risalto le cause dell’elevata mortalità precoce e le prospettive future di questa mezzo terapeutico.

STARZL, THOMAS E.

2010-01-01

217

Política de comentarios del NCI  

Cancer.gov

Animamos a los usuarios a compartir sus ideas relacionadas con los temas en discusión en las secciones o foros determinados para tal fin en este sitio web u otros sitios administrados por el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Revisamos y publicamos los comentarios de acuerdo a la política indicada a continuación. Nos reservamos el derecho, a nuestra completa discreción, a no publicar o eliminar comentarios que no están de acuerdo con nuestra política.

218

DelPhi: a comprehensive suite for DelPhi software and associated resources  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate modeling of electrostatic potential and corresponding energies becomes increasingly important for understanding properties of biological macromolecules and their complexes. However, this is not an easy task due to the irregular shape of biological entities and the presence of water and mobile ions. Results Here we report a comprehensive suite for the well-known Poisson-Boltzmann solver, DelPhi, enriched with additional features to facilitate DelPhi usage. The suite allows for easy download of both DelPhi executable files and source code along with a makefile for local installations. The users can obtain the DelPhi manual and parameter files required for the corresponding investigation. Non-experienced researchers can download examples containing all necessary data to carry out DelPhi runs on a set of selected examples illustrating various DelPhi features and demonstrating DelPhi’s accuracy against analytical solutions. Conclusions DelPhi suite offers not only the DelPhi executable and sources files, examples and parameter files, but also provides links to third party developed resources either utilizing DelPhi or providing plugins for DelPhi. In addition, the users and developers are offered a forum to share ideas, resolve issues, report bugs and seek help with respect to the DelPhi package. The resource is available free of charge for academic users from URL: http://compbio.clemson.edu/DelPhi.php.

2012-01-01

219

Ayuda para usar el sitio web en español del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer  

Cancer.gov

Página de guía que le permite al lector entender la forma en que está organizado el sitio web del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), las categorías de información disponibles y las políticas que rigen este sitio web.

220

Los dilemas del desarrollo territorial: repercusiones del zapatismo en la Selva Lacandona de Chiapas1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo discute los dilemas del desarrollo territorial en la Selva Lacandona. En particular analiza las relaciones entre movimientos sociales, nuevas formas de gobernanza ambiental y desarrollo en esta región del estado de Chiapas, en México. Con base en el llamado enfoque territorial del desarrollo rural (Schejtman y Berdegué, 2004), planteamos que en el contexto actual de globalización, para lograr

Luis Reygadas

221

Aristocracia fantástica: los moderados y la poética del gobierno representativo  

Microsoft Academic Search

La mayor parte de los ideólogos del moderantismo tras la implantación del régimen liberal fueron destacados teóricos de la estética que contribuyeron a fijar el canon del romanticismo en España. Este artículo investiga la influencia de las reflexiones estéticas de autores como Alberto Lista, Nicomedes Pastor Díaz y Alcalá Galiano en su teoría del gobierno representativo. El asunto de fondo

Pablo Sánchez León

2006-01-01

222

33 CFR 80.1118 - Marina Del Rey, CA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marina Del Rey, CA. 80.1118 Section 80.1118 Navigation...LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1118 Marina Del Rey, CA. (a) A line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater South Light 1 to Marina Del Rey...

2010-07-01

223

33 CFR 80.1118 - Marina Del Rey, CA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Marina Del Rey, CA. 80.1118 Section 80.1118 Navigation...LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1118 Marina Del Rey, CA. (a) A line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater South Light 1 to Marina Del Rey...

2009-07-01

224

Dust formation in Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the result of the IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 obtained at the Crimean Station (Nauchny, Ukraine) of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. JHKLM photometry was carried out with 125-cm telescope using a InSb-photometer on:

Shenavrin, V. I.; Taranova, O. G.; Tatarnikov, A. M.

2013-09-01

225

Radio-Observaciones del OH EN la Coma del Cometa Halley Desde EL Hemisferio Sur  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se utilizó una antena de 30 metros del Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía para observaciones diarias Cf ebrero a abril de 1986) de la transición en 1667 MHz ( ? = 18 cm) del OH en la coma del cometa Halley. De las observaciones realizadas se concluye: 1) El número promedio de moléculas de OH en la coma durante 37 días de observación fue de (8.9±3.5)x1034 moléculas, lo que implica una tasa de producción promedio de OH de 1.8x1029 moléculas seg-1 y consecuentemente una pérdida de masa promedio de 17±6 toneladas seg-1 . Este valor está de acuerdo con las mediciones realizadas por las sondas Vega y Giotto. 2) El monitoreo desde el lAR revela la existencia de variaciones bruscas en los flujos de absorción del OH. Estas variaciones son consistentes con los modelos que representan la producción gaseosa a partir de ejecciones y/o desprendimientos discretos de materia congelada del núcleo. 3) Las variaciones en la densidad de flujo son consistentes con las estimaciones de los tiem- pos de vida medios del H2O y del OH en presencia del campo de radiación solar. 4) Se encuentra una correlación entre la intensidad del flujo absorbido y anisotropías en Ia dinamica de la coma.

Silva, A. M.; Bajaja, E.; Morras, R.; Cersosimo, J. C.; Martin, M. C.; Arnal, E. M.; Poppel, W. G. L.; Colomb, F. R.; Mazzaro, J.; Olalde, J. C.; Boriakoff, V.; Mirabel, I. F.

1987-05-01

226

Precio del agua y relocalización del recurso en la economía andaluza. Una aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar los efectos que tendría un incremento en la tarifa del agua del sector agrario sobre la conservación del recurso, la eficiencia en el consumo y la posible relocalización del mismo entre los diferentes sectores productivos. La política tarifaria se aplicará sobre el sector agrario debido, por un lado, al excesivo consumo de

M. Alejandro Cardenete; G. J. D. Hewings; E. Velázquez

2005-01-01

227

Declaración del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer sobre los exámenes selectivos de detección de cáncer de seno  

Cancer.gov

El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI) agradece la cuidadosa revisión y análisis que ha hecho la Brigada de Servicios Preventivos de los Estados Unidos de la evidencia con respecto a los exámenes de detección de cáncer de seno para mujeres que tienen un riesgo del promedio.Preguntas y Repuestas

228

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 3 de enero de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Dra. Rachel Ballard-Barbash Nuevos indicios del papel de la obesidad en el cáncer A medida que ha aumentado la prevalencia de la obesidad alrededor del mundo, se ha incrementado también la preocupación sobre sus consecuencias en la salud pública. Los índices de obesidad se han más que duplicado desde 1980, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud.

229

Preguntas y respuestas acerca del Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR)  

Cancer.gov

El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR, por sus siglas en inglés) es un estudio clínico (un estudio de investigación conducido con voluntarios) diseñado para ver cómo el medicamento raloxifeno (Evista®) se compara con el medicamento tamoxifeno (Nolvadex®) en reducir la incidencia de cáncer del seno en las mujeres con alto riesgo de desarrollar la enfermedad.

230

Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

LaGreca, Nancy

2012-01-01

231

EFECTO SOBRE LA SARNA POLVOSA DE CUATRO AISLAMIENTOS DEL HONGO Trichoderma asperellum EN TRES TIPOS DE SUELO EFFECT ON THE POWDERY SCAB OF FOUR ISOLATES OF THE FUNGUS Trichoderma asperellum IN THREE TYPES OF SOILS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The protozoan Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea is an obligate parasite that replicates in roots and tubers of potato causing the powdery scab. This disease has disseminated on a global scale, because the commercial traffic of infected tubers used as seed and the absence of effective treatments. The present work investigated the effects of four isolates of Trichoderma asperellum in

Elizabeth Gilchrist; Sonia Jaramillo Villegas; Sebastián Reynaldi

232

Evaluación de elementos estructurales del hábitat del borrego cimarrón en la Sierra del Mechudo, Baja California Sur, México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitat lost and fragmentation can result in an isolated and local extinction risk for small populations like Ovis canadensis weemsi Goldman, 1937, in Sierra del Mechudo, Baja California Sur, Mexico. That is why it is important to evaluate the relationship between species and their habitat in order to design management and conservation plans. The object of this study was to

Sergio Alvarez-Cárdenas; Patricia Galina-Tessaro; Sara Díaz-Castro; Israel Guerrero-Cárdenas; Aradit Castellanos-Vera; Erika Mesa-Zavala

233

Near Infrared Photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We continued to follow Nova Del 2013 during the period from 31.15 August 2013 UT through 25.18 September 2013 UT using an As:Si bolometer mounted on the 0.76-m infrared telescope of the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). Vega (alpha Lyrae) is used as the standard star.

Cass, A. C.; Carlon, R. L.; Corgan, D. T.; Dykhoff, D. A.; Gehrz, R. D.; Shenoy, D. P.

2013-09-01

234

Andrea del Sarto rehabilitated: a psychoanalytic emendation.  

PubMed

Ernest Jones's "The Influence of Andrea del Sarto's Wife on His Art" (1913) is an early example of psychoanalysis applied to the study of a prominent painter. Greatly influenced by Freud's Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of His Childhood, Jones gave excessive credence to Vasari's highly prejudicial account of the life of del Sarto, on which the study relied heavily. Jones attempted to account psychologically for the circumstance that del Sarto, though highly skilled and "faultless," was not the equal of the three preeminent masters of the Italian High Renaissance: Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael. Jones's uncritical acceptance of the Vasari biography encouraged him to view Sarto's assumed deficiency as the result of excessive attachment to his wife, a pathological uxoriousness. A contemporary psychoanalytic perspective, with its emphasis on the emotive response of the analyst, requires us to pay attention to the evocative nature of the work of the artist, an approach Jones neglected. In an examination of several paintings, the artist's sensitivity to the position of the spectator is explored, as is the interest in involving the viewer spatially and emotionally. An appreciation for the viewer's position is consistent with a capacity for using projected internal objects for creative purposes. The presence of this capacity suggests a revised view of del Sarto's contribution to art and of his relationship with his wife. PMID:12580329

Trosman, Harry

2002-01-01

235

Quina és la funció del gen clonat?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentem una activitat didàctica complementària per a alumnes de segon de batxillerat. A partir d’una seqüència de nucleòtids del genoma de Paenibacillus barcinonensis determinem la regió codificant d’un gen, la proteïna corresponent i la seva funció. Com a annex s’inclou el guió per a l’alumnat.

Margarita Soriano; Francisca Guerola

2008-01-01

236

ECONOMÍAS EXTERNAS Y LOCALIZACIÓN DEL EMPLEO INDUSTRIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Es un hecho fácilmente constatable que la actividad económica en gene- ral e industrial en particular se localiza de forma desigual a lo largo de la geografía española. El presente trabajo plantea un modelo que tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de las economías externas en la dis- tribución territorial del empleo de los distintos sectores industriales. El modelo incorpora

ELISABET VILADECANS MARSAL

2003-01-01

237

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 27 de marzo de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicación con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misión de difundir las investigaciones más recientes sobre la prevención, el tratamiento y la información del cáncer.

238

EVOLUCIÓN DE L. monocytogenes Y L. Innocua DURANTE LA ELABORACIÓN Y MADURADO DEL QUESO TIPO “ARZÚA”: EFECTO DEL TRATAMIENTO CON SORBA TO POTÁSICO EVOLUTION OF L. monocytogenes AND L. innocua DURING THE ELABORATION AND RIPENING OF ARZÚA's CHEESE: EFFECT OF TREATMENT WITH POTASSIUM SORBATE EVOLUCIÓN DE L. monocytogenes E L. innocua DURANTE A ELABORACIÓN E MADURADO DO QUEIXO TIPO “ARZÚA”: EFECTO DO TRATAMENTO CON SORBA TO POTÁSICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behaviour of two Listeria species (L. monocytogenes and L. innocua) during the elaboration and ripening of Arzua's Cheese from Galicia (North-West of Spain) has been studied. The effect of sodium sorbate against these microorganisms was also evaluated. During the elaboration most of the tested microorganisms were entrapped into the curd. Listeria populations decreased during 55 days of ripening. Populations

C. M. Franco; S. Menéndez; E. J. Quinto; C. Fente; L. Domínguez; A. Cepeda

2002-01-01

239

Els títols dels films de Quentin Tarantino : una perspectiva multilingüe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Els títols de films en llengua anglesa són, avui dia, textos (o paratextos) de gran importància cultural en les societats occidentals. En aquest article ens ocupem de dues qüestions: (1) del fenomen —força popular— de la traducció dels títols de pel·lícules en llengua anglesa que arriben al nostres cinemes; repassem les variades tipologies emprades per analitzar les traduccions dels títols

José Santaemilia; Betlem Soler

2010-01-01

240

Análisis del comportamiento estructural de la basílica del Pilar de Zaragoza  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el artículo se presentan los trabajos de desarrollo y validación de un conjunto de modelos estructurales\\u000ade la basílica del Pilar de Zaragoza planteados con el objetivo de aproximar el estado estructural actual del\\u000atemplo y su nivel de seguridad. Los modelos numéricos se han formulado aplicando el MEF en teoría lineal\\u000ay no lineal, incluyendo el proceso constructivo

Luis E. Romera; Santiago Hernández; José Manuel Reinosa

1970-01-01

241

Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 31 de enero de 2012  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Nils Daulaire Salud mundial a través de la colaboración y el liderazgo Para conmemorar el Día Mundial del Cáncer que tuvo lugar el 4 febrero, el doctor Nils Daulaire, director de la Oficina de Asuntos Internacionales del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos habla sobre las razones por las cuales los Estados Unidos deben participar en iniciativas para mejorar la salud mundial.

242

Estudio para la prevención del cáncer necesita voluntarias: El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR) se realiza en Norteamérica  

Cancer.gov

El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR, por sus siglas en inglés), uno de los estudios más importantes realizados para la prevención del cáncer del seno, está ahora reclutando voluntarias en más de 400 centros en los Estados Unidos, Puerto Rico y Canadá.

243

Downloading textual hidden web content through keyword queries  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ever-increasing amount of information on the Web today is available only through search interfaces: the users have to type in a set of keywords in a search form in order to access the pages from certain Web sites. These pages are often referred to as the Hidden Web or the Deep Web. Since there are no static links to

Alexandros Ntoulas; Petros Zerfos; Junghoo Cho

2005-01-01

244

An Evaluation of Visual and Textual Network Analysis Tools  

SciTech Connect

User testing is an integral component of user-centered design, but has only rarely been applied to visualization for cyber security applications. This article presents the results of a comparative evaluation between a visualization-based application and a more traditional, table-based application for analyzing computer network packet captures. We conducted this evaluation as part of the user-centered design process. Participants performed both structured, well-defined tasks and exploratory, open-ended tasks with both tools. We measured accuracy and efficiency for the well-defined tasks, number of insights was measured for exploratory tasks and user perceptions were recorded for each tool. The results of this evaluation demonstrated that users performed significantly more accurately in the well-defined tasks, discovered a higher number of insights and demonstrated a clear preference for the visualization tool. The study design presented may be useful for future researchers performing user testing on visualization for cyber security applications.

Goodall, John R [ORNL

2011-01-01

245

Using Machine Learning for Assigning Indices to Textual Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper reports preliminary work on developing methods a utomatically to index cases described in text so that a case-based reasoning system can reason with them. The goal is to classify the text of a new case in terms of a set of predefined concepts, factors representing factual st rengths and weaknesses in the case. Our approach is to

Stefanie Brüninghaus

1997-01-01

246

The measurement of textual coherence with latent semantic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) is used as a technique for measuring the coherence of texts. By comparing the vectors for 2 adjoining segments of text in a high?dimensional semantic space, the method provides a characterization of the degree of semantic relatedness between the segments. We illustrate the approach for predicting coherence through reanalyzing sets of texts from 2 studies that

Peter W. Foltz; Walter Kintsch; Thomas K. Landauer

1998-01-01

247

Textual Challenges: A Brief Guide to Choosing Shakespearean Editions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How should educators go about selecting appropriate editions of Shakespeare's plays for use in political science courses? Shakespeare is turning up on many politics syllabi, but, at times, the editions chosen seem to reflect primarily a concern for price or publisher reputation over pedagogical and scholarly considerations. This article offers an…

Cornell, Christine; Malcolmson, Patrick

2012-01-01

248

Automatic Identification of Teams Based on Textual Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

A common problem in organizations is to identify people with the right competencies to form a specialized team, in academic or industrial environments, which is capable of executing a self-managed project of research and development (R & D). This work presents a technique that allows for identifying people who have the most appropriated competencies to form a R & D

Fabrício Enembreck; Edson Emílio Scalabrin; Cesar Augusto Tacla; Bráulio Coelho Ávila

2006-01-01

249

The representation of female athletes in textual and visual media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst the participation of women in sport can be traced back at least as far as 1000BC, there is evidence to suggest that barriers to women’s participation in sport still exist. One possible barrier that can be investigated is the representation of female athletes in the media. This paper outlines the results of two studies designed to investigate the coverage

Christeen George; Andrew Hartley; Jenny Paris

2001-01-01

250

Digital literacies in higher education: exploring textual and technological practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerns are frequently raised about undergraduates being so immersed in web?based technologies in their broader lives that they have difficulties engaging in more conventional study practices, such as academic reading and writing essays. The research reported on here examines this issue through a literacies lens. The project findings illustrate the complex interrelationship between literacies and technologies with the potential to

Mary R. Lea; Sylvia Jones

2011-01-01

251

Africa and International Policy Making for Lifelong Learning: Textual Revelations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the relationship between international agendas for lifelong learning and financial aid for low income countries, especially those on the African continent. It argues that there are subtle differences in terminology written by policymakers respectively in Europe and South Africa for lifelong learning but that international…

Preece, Julia

2013-01-01

252

BRAQUE: A Novel Powerful Search Interface to Large Textual Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BRAQUE, which stands for BRowse And QUEry Assistant, is a MS Windows interface to the bibliographic and fulltext databases of ESA-IRS, the European Space Agency Information Retrieval Service. BRAQUE allows to search, browse, retrieve, display and manage information from ESA-IRS databases without prior knowledge of the command language used by ESA-IRS. The software applies innovative and intuitive terminology and methodology throughout. Its guided and directed search, its "Idea Finder" module, as well as the "Associate" function, allows also the non-expert searcher to design professional queries and to achieve a high recall and precision.

Brinkmann, J.

253

Lexical Patterns in L2 Textual Gist Identification Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gist identification or coherent situation model construction performance is an important criterion not only in L1 and L2 reading comprehension assessment but also in every aspect of discourse processing. Whereas most previous L2 research has investigated schematic knowledge of readers about relations within a text, more recent studies have used…

Yamada, Kyoko

2009-01-01

254

Identification of new drug classification terms in textual resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge about biological effects of small molecules helps in the understanding of biological processes and supports the development of new therapeutic agents. DrugBank is a high quality database providing such information about drugs that contains annotation of drug effects and classification of therapeutic effects. However, to broaden the scope of such a database in classifying and annotating drugs, systems for

Corinna Kolárik; Martin Hofmann-apitius; Marc Zimmermann; Juliane Fluck

2007-01-01

255

A Close Textual Analysis of Corporate Layoff Memos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All employers occasionally must deliver bad news to their employees, but few bad news situations can compete with the delicate task of announcing layoffs. In an electronic age, when layoff notices delivered via email are quickly leaked to outsiders, CEOs must take into account not only the employees who will be affected by the layoffs but also…

Warnick, Quinn

2010-01-01

256

Automatic Generation of Context-Sensitive Textual Help.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The context of the research reported in the paper is the User Interface Design Environment (UIDE), which uses high-level application and interface representations to generate interfaces and help. Based on descriptions of an interface, help can be generate...

J. J. de Graaff P. N. Sukaviriya C. A. P. G. van der Mast

1993-01-01

257

Critical theory and textual computing: Comments and suggestions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  Donald Bruce and I do speak the same theoretical metalanguage, though I suspect that he is considerably more fluent than I in that tongue. Given the variety of responses, including Bruce's favorable reaction, to my attempts to provoke theoretical debate concerning the nature of electronic text as a new object of research, I am considerably more optimistic than his knowing

Mark Olsen

1993-01-01

258

ORAL TO LITERARY: KVÖLDVAKA, TEXTUAL INSTABILITY, AND ALL THAT JAZZ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most scholarly and critical work concerning medieval Icelandic literature over the past one hundred and fifty years has assumed that the eleventh and twelfth centuries witnessed a shift in the practice and mode of learning in Iceland from a dominantly oral tradition to a dominantly literate and literary one. The argument goes that with the invention and development of a

JOE ALLARD

259

Age-related Differences in the Production of Textual Descriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narratives produced by 69 healthy Italian adults were analyzed for age-related changes of microlinguistic, macrolinguistic and informative aspects. The participants were divided into five age groups (20–24, 25–39, 40–59, 60–74, 75–84). One single-picture stimulus and two cartoon sequences were used to elicit three stories per subject. Age-related differences were found with respect to semantic paraphasias, paragrammatisms, syntactic complexity, degree of

Andrea Marini; Anke Boewe; Carlo Caltagirone; Sergio Carlomagno

2005-01-01

260

Constructing and Analyzing Uncertain Social Networks from Unstructured Textual Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social network analysis and link diagrams are popular tools among intelligence analysts for analyzing and understanding criminal and terrorist organizations. A bottleneck in the use of such techniques is the manual effort needed to create the network to analyze from available source information. We describe how text mining techniques can be used for extraction of named entities and the relations among them, in order to enable automatic construction of networks from unstructured text. Since the text mining techniques used, viz. algorithms for named entity recognition and relation extraction, are not perfect, we also describe a method for incorporating information about uncertainty when constructing the networks and when doing the social network analysis. The presented approach is applied on text documents describing terrorist activities in Indonesia.

Johansson, Fredrik; Svenson, Pontus

261

Query Refinement Through Lexical Clustering of Scientific Textual Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a TermWatch system automatically extracts multi word terms from scientific texts based on morphological analysis and relates\\u000a them through linguistic variations. The resulting terminological network is clustered based on a 3-level hierarchical graph\\u000a algorithm and mapped onto a 2D space. Clusters are automatically labeled based on variation activity. After a precise review\\u000a of the methodology, this paper evaluates in the context

Eric Sanjuan; Paul Verlaine

2005-01-01

262

Textual and nontextual characteristics of scientific papers: Neglected science indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The citation rates of scientific papers, long used by numerous sociologists of science to measure the influence of individual scientists and the diffusion of knowledge, are shown to be partly affected by the various structural characteristics of these papers. Based on an analysis of 221 scientific papers in three cocitation clusters, between 15 and 35 percent of the variation in

W. E. Snizek; K. Oehler; N. C. Mullins

1991-01-01

263

"Wrighting" the Self: New Technologies and Textual Subjectivities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expression of the self through multimodal texts is a central theme in education. While it has been suggested that new technologies act as important mediators in the relationship between texts and subjectivity, the mechanisms underlying such mediation has been a neglected topic of research. This paper considers the theoretical assumptions upon…

Sakr, Mona

2012-01-01

264

A User Profiling Architecture for Textual-Based Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several intelligent agents have been developed in the last decade to help users with the increasing volume of information available in the WWW. Despite the efficienc y of these agents depends on the knowledge they have about users, which is contained into user profiles, there are diverse considerations about what a profile should contain and how to construct it. Due

Daniela Godoy; Analía Amandi

2003-01-01

265

Teaching Textual Conversations: Intertextuality in the College Reading Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, a model of intertextuality is introduced as an instructional approach for postsecondary developmental reading courses. This model involves a scaffolded, schema building approach to teaching college reading that aims to link core material (a text, a concept, or specific academic content) with supplementary texts that focus on…

Armstrong, Sonya L.; Newman, Mary

2011-01-01

266

Safety for battered women in a textually mediated legal system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a shift in legal advocacy approaches employed by activists in the US battered women's movement that would take into account how the work of criminal justice professionals (police officers, probation officers, judges, and prosecutors) is organized. While judicial procedures may be more successful in bringing domestic abusers to justice than in the past, they are less successful

Ellen Pence

2001-01-01

267

Textual data in psychiatry: reasoning by analogy to quantitative principles.  

PubMed

Personal meaning in subjective experience is a key element in the treatment of persons with mental disorders. Open-response speech samples would appear to be suitable for studying this type of subjective experience, but there are still important challenges in using language as data. Scientific principles involved in sample size calculation, validity, and reliability may be applicable, by analogy, to data collected in the form of words. We describe a rationale for including computer-assisted techniques as one step of a qualitative analysis procedure that includes manual reading. Clarification of a framework for including language as data in psychiatric research may allow us to more effectively bridge biological and psychometric research with clinical practice, a setting where the patient's clinical "data" are, in large part, conveyed in words. PMID:22850301

Yang, Suzanne; Mulvey, Edward P; Falissard, Bruno

2012-08-01

268

Applications of N-Grams in Textual Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An n-gram is a string of characters, usually adjacent, extracted from a section of continuous text that can be used in spelling error detection and correction, query expansion, information retrieval, dictionary search, text compression, and language identification applications. This article provides an introduction to the use of n-grams in…

Robertson, Alexander M.; Willett, Peter

1998-01-01

269

Critical Theory & Textual Arguments: Expanding Habermas's Analysis of Literary Claims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jurgen Habermas's theory of communicative action has held much promise for critical theory and its examination of the structure of society. This theory, however, has been accused by some as being limited in regard to other forms of discourse, especially fictional, mythical, and religious texts. Habermas has argued that literature (i.e., fictive…

Stroud, Scott R.

270

Agent-based method for distributed clustering of textual information  

DOEpatents

A computer method and system for storing, retrieving and displaying information has a multiplexing agent (20) that calculates a new document vector (25) for a new document (21) to be added to the system and transmits the new document vector (25) to master cluster agents (22) and cluster agents (23) for evaluation. These agents (22, 23) perform the evaluation and return values upstream to the multiplexing agent (20) based on the similarity of the document to documents stored under their control. The multiplexing agent (20) then sends the document (21) and the document vector (25) to the master cluster agent (22), which then forwards it to a cluster agent (23) or creates a new cluster agent (23) to manage the document (21). The system also searches for stored documents according to a search query having at least one term and identifying the documents found in the search, and displays the documents in a clustering display (80) of similarity so as to indicate similarity of the documents to each other.

Potok, Thomas E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Reed, Joel W. (Knoxville, TN); Elmore, Mark T. (Oak Ridge, TN); Treadwell, Jim N. (Louisville, TN)

2010-09-28

271

Evaporación dinámica del cinturón de asteroides original  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hemos integrado numéricamente un enjambre de 3000 partículas en la región del cinturón de asteroides, sujetas a las perturbaciones gravitatorias de Júpiter y Saturno. Al cabo de 107 años, se han formado ya todos los gaps de Kirkwood observados en el cinturón actual. El grupo en la resonancia 3/2 es, aunque en menor grado, también visible. Los tiempos de Lyapunov computados para los asteroides sobrevivientes, nos ha permitido encontrar la fracción de ellos que es capaz de sobrevivir por toda la edad del sistema solar, merced a la aplicacion de la relación empírica que vincula dichos tiempos al tiempo en el cual se manifiestan grandes transiciones orbitales. La fracción de supervivientes es de aproximadamente 1/100. El resto de la masa faltante en el cinturón, es atribuible a colisiones catastróficas con cometas en etapas primordiales.

Brunini, A.

272

El valor de uso recreativo del Parque Natural de L'Albufera a través del método indirecto del coste de viaje  

Microsoft Academic Search

La valoración económica de bienes que carecen de mercado, como son los espacios naturales protegidos, proporcionan una valiosa información que puede ser utilizada en el análisis coste-beneficio como fundamento de las decisiones públicas que afectan a la calidad del medio ambiente. En este trabajo se aplica el método indirecto del coste de viaje individual para obtener el valor de uso

S. DEL SAZ SALAZAR; L. PÉREZ Y PÉREZ

1999-01-01

273

Errores y Dificultades en el desarrollo del Pensamiento Numérico  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio de errores y dificultades de comprensión de los escolares constituye una línea de investigación potente y productiva en Educación Matemática. La producción en este campo es amplia y, en muchas ocasiones , se presenta poco articulada. En este trabajo proponemos una fundamentación y una aproximación metodológica para este tipo de estudios; también presentamos un ejemplo de trabajo realizado

Luis RICO; Encarnación CASTRO

274

A Description of Del Mod and Its Final Evaluation, Final Report, Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents an overview of five Del Mod System final reports, comments by the project director, financial structure of the Del Mod System, and descriptions of Del Mod Projects. The Del Mod System was concerned with changing the science and mathematics education programs in the state of Delaware. Between 1970 and 1976, Del Mod conducted…

Purnell, Charlotte H.; Bolig, John R.

275

An evening at "La Clinica del Pueblo".  

PubMed

This article describes a typical evening at the Clinica del Pueblo in the Hispanic neighborhood of Adams-Morgan in Washington, D.c. The Clinical del Pueblo began operating in 1983 in response to the urgen medical needs of Central American refugees arriving in the Washington D.c. area. The refugees bring with them severe trauma, fear, and health problems caused by the civil was and exacerbated by inadequate or non-existant health services. Approximately 80,000 Salvadoran refugees live in the area. They do not receive adequate health care for 3 reasons. 1) Because the US goverment is unwilling to recognize them as true refugees, they live with the constant threat of deportatin back to the violence from which they have fled. 2) Refugees lack the ability to pay for private care. 3) Langauage and culture create frightening barriers to health care for the refugees. For those who do seek care, these barriers can lead to the inadequate or incomplete diagnoses and poor compliance and follow-up. Plenty International and the Central American Refugee Center responded to these problems by organizing a free clinic to provide not only medical care but also a training course for volunteers. The director of the clinic organizes the course, the classes are taught by a variety of people including the clinic's volunteer physicians, nurses, and public health educators as well as graduates of previus training courses and people from the wider community. The services of the clinic reach only a small portion of the population in need. However, the fact that free medical services are now available to some Central American refugees make the Clinica del Pueblo an important program. PMID:12281149

Shefsky, M L

1986-01-01

276

UBVJHKLM photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of the optical and IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 obtained at the Crimean Station (Nauchny, Ukraine) of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. UBV photometry was carried out with 60-cm Zeiss telescope using a photoelectric photometer on August 15.94 UT: U=4.54+/-0.02, B=5.07+/-0.01, V=5.05+/-0.01; on August 16.80 UT: U=4.54+/-0.01, B=4.85+/-0.02, V=4.68+/-0.01; on August 16.86 UT: U=4.66+/-0.01, B=4.92+/-0.01, V=4.73+/-0.01.

Burlak, A. M.; Shenavrin, I. V.; Tatarnikov, M. A.; Tatarnikova, A. A.

2013-08-01

277

Near Infrared Photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Subjects: Infra-Red, Nova We report RIJHKLM photometry of Nova Del 2013 taken on August 28.13 UT using an As:Si bolometer mounted on the 0.76-m infrared telescope of the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). Vega (alpha Lyrae) was used as the standard star. On this date we find: R = 5.6 +/- 0.1, I = 5.2 +/- 0.1, J = 4.5 +/- 0.1, H = 4.7 +/- 0.1, K = 4.7 +/- 0.1, L = 3.3 +/- 0.2, M = +1.8 +/- 0.3.

Cass, C. A.; Carlon, L. R.; Corgan, T. D.; Dykhoff, A. D.; Gehrz, D. R.; Shenoy, P. D.

2013-08-01

278

The paleontological site in the Sierra del Chaparral (Villaluenga del Rosario, Cádiz-Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the results obtained during the first study of the Chaparral site (Villaluenga del Rosario, Cádiz, Spain) situated in the karst area of the Sierra de Grazalema. The varied macro- and micro-vertebrate fauna include carnivore, herbivores and rodents, as well as reptiles and amphibians, suggesting an Early Pleistocene age. The taphonomic study of the fauna discovered on the

Francisco Giles Pacheco; Antonio Santiago; José María Gutiérrez; Juan Manuel López-García; Hugues-Alexandre Blain; Gloria Cuenca-Bescós; Jan van der Made; Isabel Cáceres; Nuria García

279

MÚSICA Y AGRUPACIONES DE CARNAVAL A FINALES DEL SIGLO XX EN ANDALUCÍA OCCIDENTAL. LA REVITALIZACIÓN FESTIVA Y EL RENACIMIENTO DEL CARNAVAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Con este trabajo pretendemos acercarnos al Carnaval de Andalucía occidental a partir de su recuperación durante la Transición y los gobiernos socialistas en la década de los años ochenta del pasado siglo XX. Este proceso tuvo lugar en un marco de participación ciudadana, modernización económica, estado del bienestar, constitución de las comunidades autónomas, sociedad del espectáculo y del entretenimiento, y

Francisco José García Gallardo

2005-01-01

280

RACISMO Y MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN: REPRESENTACIONES DEL INMIGRANTE MAGREBÍ EN EL CINE ESPAÑOL RACISM AND MEDIA: REPRESENTATIONS OF THE MAGHREBIAN IMMIGRANT IN  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to better understand complex media devices that make possible social reproduction of Orientalism, this article focuses on the analysis of the textual strategies through which Spanish cinema reproduces many of the stereotypes associated in Spanish social imaginary to the figure of the Moor.

SPANISH CINEMA; Laura Navarro García

2009-01-01

281

Un mito del hambre en el nordeste de Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo del presente estudio es permitir la comprensión, mediante un abordaje etnográfico, de los significados del hambre en las vivencias de actores sociales que enfrentan la pobreza extrema en un barrio de Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. Los relatos se han analizado con el objeto de entender la construcción de signos inherentes al sufrimiento de quienes padecen de hambre cotidianamente. En

Maria do Carmo S. Freitas; Paulo G. L. Pena

2003-01-01

282

ETNOGRAFÍA DEL GASTO: EL CASO DE UNA EMPRESA TURÍSTICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

El siguiente trabajo (a diferencia de otros) intenta ser un abordaje innovador sobre el tema que denota la etno-psicología del gasto (erogación). Asimismo, su presentación (en forma de comentarios etnográficos o cuaderno de notas) es combinada con datos estadísticos de gran relevancia y comentarios personales del observador durante el trabajo de campo. En este caso, se ha combinado prácticas propias

Maximiliano Korstanje

2008-01-01

283

Del Pezzo surfaces and affine 7-brane backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

A map between string junctions in the affine 7-brane backgrounds and vector bundles on Del Pezzo surfaces is constructed using mirror symmetry. It is shown that the lattice of string junctions with support on an affine 7-brane configuration is isomorphic to the K-theory group of the corresponding Del Pezzo surface. This isomorphism allows us to construct a map between the

Tamás Hauer; Amer Iqbal

2000-01-01

284

The hydrothermal system of Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hot springs and steam vents on the slopes of Nevado del Ruiz volcano provide evidence regarding the nature of hydrothermal activity within the summit and flanks of the volcano. At elevations below 3000 m, alkali-chloride water is discharged from two groups of boiling springs and several isolated warm springs on the western slope of Nevado del Ruiz. Chemical and isotopic

Neil C. Sturchio; Stanley N. Williams; Nestor P. Garcia; Adela C. Londono

1988-01-01

285

confirmation of no X-rays from Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to an underestimation of the X-ray background for the particular Swift observation of Nova Del 2013 reported by us in ATel #5314, we agree with the non-detection given on ATel #5318 and determine a 3-sigma upper limit to the Nova Del 2013 count rate of 0.013 counts/sec. We apologize for the confusion.

Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Martin-Carrllo, A.; Hanlon, L.

2013-08-01

286

EL USO DEL ADRIAMICIN:UN PROBLEMA SIN SOLUCIÓN AÚN  

Microsoft Academic Search

aunque ésta se halla limitada por su cardiotoxicidad. Para este trabajo, estudio piloto diseñado aunque ésta se halla limitada por su cardiotoxicidad. Para este trabajo, estudio piloto diseñado aunque ésta se halla limitada por su cardiotoxicidad. Para este trabajo, estudio piloto diseñado para determinar si los indicadores del estrés oxidativo pudieran ser marcadores tempranos para determinar si los indicadores del

Belkis Martínez Sánchez; Rubén Castillo Jiménez

287

33 CFR 110.111 - Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif. 110.111 Section 110.111 Navigation...REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.111 Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif. An area in the main channel within the...

2010-07-01

288

33 CFR 110.111 - Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Waters 1 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif. 110.111 Section 110.111 Navigation...REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.111 Marina del Rey Harbor, Calif. An area in the main channel within the...

2009-07-01

289

Orígen del deterioro del medio ambiente en Taiwan: Desajuste entre el modelo de desarrollo y la dotación de recursos naturales  

Microsoft Academic Search

De igual modo que el análisis de los llamados nuevos países industriales asiáticos (NPIAs) abre interesantes matices en el campo de las teorías del desarrollo, poniendo en duda la capacidad explicativa de los enfoques tanto dependentista como neoclásico, el estudio del medio ambiente en esos países aporta visiones nuevas y enriquecidas en lo referente a sus modelos de desarrollo. En

Antonio Rodríguez Carmona

1994-01-01

290

Valoración Económica y Ambiental Aplicada a Casos del Manejo de la Calidad del Aire y Control de la Contaminación  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este documento fue comisionado por la Red de Medio Ambiente del Diálogo Regional de Política para la III Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 9 y 10 de marzo de 2004. Durante las últimas décadas se han establecido derechos y obligaciones ciudadanas; se han definido las funciones del Estado y de los organismos públicos responsables en materia ambiental; se han realizado

Luis A. Cifuentes; Luis Rizzi; Héctor Jorquera; Javier Vergara

2004-01-01

291

Carrier frequency of GJB2 gene mutations c.35delG, c.235delC and c.167delT among the populations of Eurasia.  

PubMed

Hearing impairment is one of the most common disorders of sensorineural function and the incidence of profound prelingual deafness is about 1 per 1000 at birth. GJB2 gene mutations make the largest contribution to hereditary hearing impairment. The spectrum and prevalence of some GJB2 mutations are known to be dependent on the ethnic origin of the population. This study presents data on the carrier frequencies of major GJB2 mutations, c.35delG, c.167delT and c.235delC, among 2308 healthy persons from 18 various populations of Eurasia: Russians, Bashkirs, Tatars, Chuvashes, Udmurts, Komi-Permyaks and Mordvins (Volga-Ural region of Russia); Belarusians and Ukrainians (East Europe); Abkhazians, Avars, Cherkessians and Ingushes (Caucasus); Kazakhs, Uighurs and Uzbeks (Central Asia); and Yakuts and Altaians (Siberia). The data on c.35delG and c.235delC mutation prevalence in the studied ethnic groups can be used to investigate the prospective founder effect in the origin and prevalence of these mutations in Eurasia and consequently in populations around the world. PMID:20739944

Dzhemileva, Lilya U; Barashkov, Nikolay A; Posukh, Olga L; Khusainova, Rita I; Akhmetova, Vita L; Kutuev, Ildus A; Gilyazova, Irina R; Tadinova, Vera N; Fedorova, Sardana A; Khidiyatova, Irina M; Lobov, Simeon L; Khusnutdinova, Elza K

2010-08-26

292

El metabolismo social del País Vasco desde el análisis de flujos materiales  

Microsoft Academic Search

La desvinculación de la mejora del bienestar respecto del uso de los recursos y de la contaminación es esencial para lograr un desarrollo sostenible. Para avanzar en esta dirección es preciso partir del conocimiento del metabolismo de la sociedad. Es decir, debemos analizar en qué medida nuestras sociedades “ingieren” materias primas, que son “metabolizadas” para producir bienes y servicios, y

Iñaki Arto

2009-01-01

293

La teoría del desarrollo desigual de Oscar Braun. Un análisis crítico  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este análisis crítico de la teoría del intercambio desigual de Oscar Braun, intentamos movernos consistentemente a través de un número de etapas analíticas distintas. Estas etapas son: a) una discusión sobre el objeto del conocimiento en Braun, sin las restricciones de su propia problemática (sección 3); b) una confrontación del objeto del conocimiento en Braun con el objeto real

Richard Brown; Philip Wright

1979-01-01

294

88. Paso Del Norte Hotel, 115117 South El Paso St., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

88. Paso Del Norte Hotel, 115-117 South El Paso St., south facade, west side of street - South El Paso Street Historic District, South El Paso, South Oregon & South Santa Fe Streets, El Paso, El Paso County, TX

295

Current Work in Laser Cleaning of the Porta del Paradiso  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarises the conservation of the Porta del Paradiso, currently underway. It briefly illustrates the two cleaning methods employed and the reasons leading to continue the cleaning of the perimeter panels with laser ablation, describing the various working phases.

Agnoletti, S.; Brini, A.; Nicolai, L.

296

Proposed Bosque Del Apache Wilderness Area, New Mexico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the proposal which recommends that approximately 32,500 acres within the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in Socorro County, New Mexico, be designated as wilderness within the National Wilderness Preservation System. Since d...

1972-01-01

297

Del Bueno Recalls Cheese Because Of Possible Health Risk  

NASA Website

Del Bueno of Grandview, WA is recalling all size packages of Queso Fresco Fresh Cheese, Queso Panela Fresh Cheese, Requeson Mexican Style Ricotta Cheese, and Queso Enchilado Dry Cheese because they have the potential to be contaminated with Listeria ...

298

Extreme Environments in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The upper timberline of the Andes Cordillera on the island of Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America is an environment subject to extreme conditions. In order to further understand this environment, ecosystem parameters were measured within two transects of the Andes at Glaciar Martial and Cerro Guanaco. The measurements included pH, soil temperature, soil moisture, nitrogen, sodium and potassium concentration, chlorophyll absorbance, and irradiance in the ultraviolet range (200-400 nm). These data comprise a survey that serves as a baseline for an intensive research program. Chlorophyll concentration and soil data were within the range of our observations at several other sites, from Lapataia Bay on the southwestern boundary with Chile, through the eastern end of Lake Fagnano. However, unusual levels of solar irradiance were found in the open sites of both transects while those in the forest exhibited lower UV values, suggesting strong absorption and/or reflection by the forest canopy. High levels of UV radiation damage important biomolecules and may be partially responsible for the presence of life forms such as the krummholz belt in the upper timberline. These UV values may be due to the effects of global ozone depletion and the ozone hole. The low temperatures, strong winds, snow and ice-covered soil and especially the exposure to UV radiation make this area an extreme environment for life.

Schultz, C.; D'Antoni, H.; Burgess, S.; Zamora, J.; Skiles, J.

2007-12-01

299

Antenatal Rh prophylaxis is unnecessary for “Asia type” DEL women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundGenerally Rh-negative patients need to be transfused with Rh-negative red blood cells. For pregnant women carrying Rh-positive fetus, the antenatal anti-D detection and Rh immunoglobulin prophylaxis are required worldwide. In East Asia, a RhD variant, termed “Asia type” DEL, was found in approximately 30% of apparent Rh-negative individuals. The antigenic and molecular properties of the DEL were previously defined. Few

Chao-Peng Shao; Hua Xu; Qun Xu; Guo-Dong Sun; Jian-Ping Li; Bo-Wei Zhang; Xiao-Hua Liang; Zhong Liu; Ying Zhou; Dan Li; Nai-Bao Zhuang

2010-01-01

300

L’eruzione laterale etnea del novembre 1950 — dicembre 1951  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusione  L’eruzione etnea del 1950–51 si manifestata quasi senza segni premonitori, dopo una breve (meno di un anno) stasi del vulcano.\\u000a Essa si stabilita in una zona che stata gi teatro di precedenti eruzioni (1811) ed ha avuto un’attivit prevalentemente\\u000a effusiva di notevole durata. La lava emessa ha la composizione mineralogica identica alle lave emesse in questo secolo; essa\\u000a si differenzia

Gustavo Cumin

1954-01-01

301

Los cambios comportamentales y del uso del espacio asociados a la muerte del macho dominante de una manada de lobos ibéricos (canis lupus signatus) en el Parque Zoológico de Barcelona  

Microsoft Academic Search

La dinámica social es uno de los campos más estudiados de la familia Canidae en condiciones de cautividad. En este estudio se pretende determinar cómo la muerte del macho dominante de una manada de lobos alojados en el Parque Zoológico de Barcelona afecta al patrón de actividad diario y al uso del espacio del resto de coespecíficos. Los individuos objeto

Ana Isabel Soriano Giménez; Susana Serrat Navarro; Conrad Ensenyat; Carles Riba; Carmen Maté García

2006-01-01

302

Difusión de resultados iniciales del Estudio del Tamoxifeno y del Raloxifeno (STAR): el fármaco para el tratamiento de la osteoporosis, raloxifeno, es tan efectivo como el Tamoxifeno en la prevención de cáncer de seno invasor  

Cancer.gov

Los resultados iniciales del Estudio del Tamoxifeno y del Raloxifeno, STAR, demuestran que el fármaco raloxifeno, actualmente utilizado para prevenir y tratar la osteoporosis en mujeres posmenopáusicas, funciona tan bien como el tamoxifeno para reducir el riesgo de cáncer de seno entre las mujeres posmenopáusicas que tienen riesgo elevado de padecer la enfermedad. Preguntas y respuestas

303

Ongoing near-infrared observations of V339 Del (Nova Del 2013)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report continuing 1.08 to 2.35 micron near-infrared spectroscopy of Nova Del 2013 in the J,H,K bands with the Mount Abu 1.2 meter telescope (+ PRL Near-Infrared NICMOS3 Imager/Spectrograph). Subsequent to our initial report on August 28.674 UT (ATel #5337), spectra of the nova have been obtained at regular intervals. The latest spectra of September 16.5 and 19.5 UT are dominated by strong emission lines but the earlier reported strengths of many of the lines have changed significantly.

Banerjee, D. P. K.; Ashok, N. M.; Joshi, Vishal; Evans, Nye

2013-09-01

304

A Case of Near-triploidy in Myelodysplastic Syndrome with del(5q) Combined with del(1p) and del(13q)  

PubMed Central

Numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities are common in hematological malignancies. Near-triploidy (58-80 chromosomes) is a numerical abnormality observed in 3% of adult cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Near-triploidy is rare in myeloid lineage hematologic malignancies and compared to near-triploidy in lymphoid malignancies, near-triploidy in myeloid malignancies is associated with poor outcomes. Few studies on near-triploidy in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) have been reported, and the clinicopathologic significance of this condition is still unclear. Here, we report a novel case of MDS with near-triploidy and multiple structural chromosomal abnormalities: del(5q) combined with del(1p) and del(13q). These abnormalities were detected by cytogenetic analysis with array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Our results suggest that array CGH can be a useful tool for detecting chromosomal abnormalities in patients with MDS.

Kim, Bo-Ram; Kim, Ji-Eun; Woo, Kwang-Sook; Kim, Kyeong-Hee; Kim, Jeong-Man; Lee, Suee; Shaffer, Lisa G.

2012-01-01

305

V339 Del (Nova Del 2013) is a weak non-super-soft X-ray source  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

V339 Del (Nova Del 2013) is currently being monitored approximately daily by Swift-XRT. X-ray analysis has been complicated due to optical loading caused by photons from the very bright optical source. (For a discussion of optical loading in the XRT, see our help page.) At early times, the data were collected mainly in Windowed Timing mode to mitigate this issue, and no X-ray source was detected (ATel #5283, #5305, #5318).

Page, K. L.; Beardmore, A. P.

2013-09-01

306

La reparación del daño como mecanismo de tutela de la persona. Del daño a la salud a los nuevos daños extrapatrimoniales  

Microsoft Academic Search

En la actualidad, el operador del Derecho se enfrenta a dos de los más importantes problemas del nuevo derecho de daños: por un lado, la clasificación del perjuicio y, por el otro, la reparación correspondiente a cada una de sus categorías, que debe estar informada por el principio de reparación integral, y que impone en consecuencia considerar más que las

Milagros Koteich Khatib

307

El valor de uso recreativo de los espacios naturales protegidos. Una aplicación de los métodos de valoración contingente y del coste del viaje  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este articulo se presenta una aplicación de dos de las metodologías desarrolladas para medir los beneficios que se derivan del uso recreativo de los bienes ambientales en ausencia de mercado, el método del coste del viaje (MCV) y el de valoración contingente (MVC). La zona objeto de estudio ha sido el Parque Nacional de “Aigüestortes y Estany de Sant

M. FARRÉ PERDIGUER

2003-01-01

308

Componentes naturales y de uso del suelo vulnerables a las variaciones del nivel del mar en la costa atlántica de México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palabras clave Regionalizaci6n de costas, fislografia, vulnerabilidad costera, uso del suelo Absúact Geomorphological alaradenstia of the mastal iongitudinal prn* and the arrangwent of the physiographical stmcture allowed the rmnition of two zonas: a) the intertidai zone -a basic sntne for dired imoaci of sea leve1 dame: and b) an adjacent peritidál (supralittoral) hnge &n area of cushioning or of polential

Mano Arturo; Ortiz Pérez; Ana Patricia; Méndez Linares

309

Categories of massless D-branes and del Pezzo surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In analogy with the physical concept of a massless D-brane, we define a notion of "" for objects in the derived category. This is defined in terms of monodromy around singularities in the stringy Kähler moduli space and is relatively easy to study using "spherical functors". We consider several examples in which del Pezzo surfaces and other rational surfaces in Calabi-Yau threefolds are contracted. For precisely the del Pezzo surfaces that can be written as hypersurfaces in weighted , the category of objects is a "fractional Calabi-Yau" category of graded matrix factorizations.

Addington, Nicolas; Aspinwall, Paul S.

2013-07-01

310

Fotometría CCD en el campo del cúmulo abierto Ruprecht 58  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La región de Vela-Puppis contiene varios cúmulos cuyo estudio puede brindarnos información acerca de la cinemática y el estado evolutivo de la población estelar en las zonas externas del disco galáctico. A través de observaciones CCD en los filtros UBV en el campo del cúmulo abierto Ruprecht 58 (?2000= 8h 14m 41s, ?2000=-31o 57'), se han determinado por primera vez los parámetros fundamentales de este cúmulo tales como distancia, enrojecimiento y edad. Se analiza también la estructura de su secuencia principal y la presencia de gigantes y binarias.

Giorgi, E. E.; Vázquez, R. A.; Seggewiss, W.; Ostrov, P.; Solivella, G. R.

311

Continuing optical spectroscopy of V339 Del = Nova Del 2013 with the Nordic Optical Telescope and the ARAS Group  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since our first report (ATel#5312) we have been continuing nightly, almost hourly spectroscopic observations of V339 Del = Nova Del 2013 = PNV J20233073+2046041). Here we report the state at approximately the t_3 point in the photometric decline (see also ATel#5370). Spectra have been obtained with the 2.6 m Nordic Optical Telecope FIbre-fed Echelle Spectrograph (FIES) (R ~ 67000), the Ondrejov Observatory 2m Zeiss coude spectrograph (R = 18000), and a variety of grating and echelle spectrographs of the ARAS group with resolutions ranging from 580 - 11000.

Shore, S. N.; Alton, K.; Antao, D.; Barbotin, E.; Berardi, P.; Bohlsen, P.; Boubault, F.; Boyd, D.; Briol, J.; Buil, C.; Charbonnel, S.; Dubreuil, P.; Dubs, M.; Edlin, J.; de France, T.; Favaro, A.; Garde, O.; Graham, K.; Greenan, D.; Guarro, J.; Hansen, T.; Hyde, D.; Lemoult, T.; Leadbeater, R.; Martineau, G.; Buchet, Y.; Masviel, J. P.; Montier, J.; Pollmann, E.; Ribeiro, J.; Thizy, O.; Terry, J.-N.; Teyssier, F.

2013-09-01

312

First high resolution ultraviolet (HST/STIS) and supporting optical spectroscopy of V339 Del = Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

V339 Del = Nova Del 2013 was observed with the Space Telescope Imagine Spectrograph (STIS) aboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) on 2013 Sept. 18.2 UT from 1140-2888 A using the E140M and G230H gratings at a resolution of ~ 100000. At the time, V ~ 8, shortly after t_3. Continuing spectroscopy was provided by the Astronomical Ring for Access to Spectroscopy (ARAS) at resolutions ranging from 3684 - 7431 A with resolutions ranging from 580 - 11000 with time sequences as short as 10 minutes at resolutions up to 12000.

Shore, S. N.; Schwarz, G. J.; Alton, K.; Antao, D.; Barbotin, E.; Berardi, P.; Blank, T.; Bohlsen, T.; Boubault, F.; Boyd, D.; Briol, J.; Buil, C.; Charbonnel, S.; Dubreuil, P.; Dubs, M.; Edlin, J.; de France, T.; Favaro, A.; Garde, O.; Graham, K.; Greenan, D.; Guarro, J.; Hansen, T.; Hyde, D.; Lemoult, T.; Leadbeater, R.; Martineau, G.; Buchet, Y.; Masviel, J. P.; Montier, J.; Mauclaire, B.; Pollmann, E.; Ribeiro, J.; Schram, B.; Thizy, O.; Terry, J.-N.; Teyssier, F.; Page, K. L.; Osborne, J. P.; Ness, J.-U.; Starrfield, S.; Walter, F. M.; Woodward, C. E.; Bode, M. F.

2013-09-01

313

The novel c.247_249delTTC (p.F83del) GJB2 mutation in a family with prelingual sensorineural deafness.  

PubMed

Non-syndromic hearing loss is one of the most common hereditary determined diseases in human, and the disease is a genetically heterogeneous disorder. Mutations in the GJB2 gene, encoding connexin 26 (Cx26), are a major cause of non-syndromic recessive hearing impairment in many countries and are largely dependent on ethnic groups. Due to the high frequency of the c.35delG GJB2 mutation in the Greek population, we have previously suggested that Greek patients with sensorineural, non-syndromic deafness should be tested for the c.35delG mutation and the coding region of the GJB2 gene should be sequenced in c.35delG heterozygotes. Here we present on the clinical and molecular genetic evaluation of a family suffering from prelingual, sensorineural, non-syndromic deafness. A novel c.247_249delTTC (p.F83del) GJB2 mutation was detected in compound heterozygosity with the c.35delG GJB2 mutation in the proband and was later confirmed in the father, while the mother was homozygous for the c.35delG GJB2 mutation. We conclude that compound heterozygosity of the novel c.247_249delTTC (p.F83del) and the c.35delG mutations in the GJB2 gene was the cause of deafness in the proband and his father. PMID:22484064

Petersen, Michael B; Grigoriadou, Maria; Koutroumpe, Maria; Kokotas, Haris

2012-04-06

314

Screening of 185DelAG, 1014DelGT and 3889DelAG BRCA1 mutations in breast cancer patients from North-East India.  

PubMed

Around 1.35 million people of worldwide suffer from breast cancer each year, whereas in India, 1 in every 17 women develops the disease. Mutations of the Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1) gene account for the majority of breast/ ovarian cancer families. The purpose of study was to provide a prevalence of BRCA1 germline mutations in the North-East Indian population. In relation to the personal and family history with the breast cancer, we found mutations in 6.25% and 12.5% respectively. Three mutations, 185DelAG, 1014DelGT and 3889DelAG, were observed in our North-East Indian patients in exons 2 and 11, resulting in truncation of the BRCA1 protein by forming stop codons individually at amino acid positions 39, 303 and 1265. Our results point to a necessity for an extensive mutation screening study of high risk breast cancer cases in our North-East Indian population, which will provide better decisive medical and surgical preventive options. PMID:23317271

Hansa, Jagadish; Kannan, Ravi; Ghosh, Sankar Kumar

2012-01-01

315

Contribució al coneixement dels Noctuidae de la Garrotxa (Catalunya) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'objecte d'aquest treball és presentar una actualització del catàleg dels Noctuidae de la Garrotxa. Es donen els resultats de l'estudi del material arreplegat per l'autor durant els darrers deu anys i del dipositat en abres col.leccions, i s'inclouen, també totes les dades de la bibliografia existent. El cens de Noctuidae de la Garrotxa queda establert provisionalment en 309 especies. Es

Josep Bellavista i Admetlla

1999-01-01

316

Delia H. Etcheverry participó en 2008 del Seminario \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

El encaje es una técnica textil relativamente nueva; aparece en Europa en el siglo XVI y tiene su apogeo en los siglos XVII y XVIII. Sin embargo, cuando se menciona que un trabajo de encaje está hecho a mano, inmediatamente se lo asocia a una época mucho más anti­ gua, a piezas del pasado que se han quedado en el

Por Delia Etcheverry

317

Racionalidad limitada en la sociedad del riesgo mundial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Durante muchas décadas se ha pretendido que la teoría económica de la elección racional es la teoría general del comportamiento humano de la que carecen las ciencias sociales. Este artículo señala algunas de sus limitaciones. La psicología cognitiva describe los sesgos cognitivos de las personas cuando evalúan la información y eligen entre opciones, los cuales ponen en cuestión la idea

Francisco Augusto Laca Arocena

2012-01-01

318

Il ruolo del turismo per l'integrazione Europea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nell'Unione Europea l'espansione del settore turi stico è destinato a svolgere un ruolo di grande rilievo, per molteplici motivi. Inn anzitutto il turismo ha un notevole impatto economico, in quanto contribuisce positivamente all a creazione di nuovi posti di lavoro e alla crescita di reddito. Inoltre può potenziare le politiche regionali e la politica agricola comune sostenendo lo sviluppo delle

Giulio Querini; Carmen Bizzarri

2009-01-01

319

Las Máscaras Del Héroe: Radiografía De Un Anti-Héroe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las máscaras del héroe depicts Spanish society from the Second Republic to the start of the Civil War, a period when Spain was torn by poverty and immorality. This intertextual historical novel portrays figures such as Pedro Luis de Gálvez, the last of the bohemians and a failed writer. We encounter Gálvez through the first-person narration of Navales, who hates

Emilio Ramón

2009-01-01

320

The mercury clock of the Libros del Saber  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Libros del Saber de Astronomia is a compilation of various Arabic astronomical works translated into Castilian in the second half of the thirteenth century, under the direction of King Alfonso X of Spain. A section describing a mercury clock has been suggested to be of particular significance in view of the likely invention of the mechanical clock around this

A. A. Mills

1988-01-01

321

Medicine alternative: il senso del male nella postmodernità  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tra modernità e tradizione. E' palese la fortuna che le medicine cosiddette alternative o complementari stanno riscuotendo negli ultimi anni in Italia, come in molti altri Paesi occidentali. Esse interessano un pubblico sempre più ampio e differenziato, ed occupano ormai una fetta consistente dei servizi sanitari e del relativo mercato. Parallelamente, si diffondono in modo assai ampio certe concezioni culturali

Fabio Dei

322

87. Paso Del Norte Hotel, 115117 South El Paso St., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

87. Paso Del Norte Hotel, 115-117 South El Paso St., south and east facades, west side of street - South El Paso Street Historic District, South El Paso, South Oregon & South Santa Fe Streets, El Paso, El Paso County, TX

323

¿RAZÕN DE AMOR O DENUESTOS DEL AGUA Y EL VINO?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las dificultades que plantea para su clasificación genérica, su filiación lingüística y su interpretación estética hacen de la Razón de amor con los Denuestos del agua y el vino un apasionante enigma de la poesía medieval castellana; y el problema central en torno al cual parecen gravitar todas esas dificultades es la aparente dicotomía y falta de unidad de la

Arsenio Pacheco

1974-01-01

324

Assessing Glacier Hazards At Ghiacciaio Del Belvedere, Macugnaga, Italian Alps  

Microsoft Academic Search

The uppermost section of the Valle Anzasca behind and above the community of Macugnaga in the Italian Alps is one of the most spectacular high-mountain land- scapes in Europe, with gigantic rock walls and numerous steep hanging glaciers. Its main glacier, Ghiacciaio del Belvedere at the foot of the huge Monte Rosa east face, is a heavily debris-covered glacier flowing

W. Haeberli; M. Chiarle; G. Mortara; A. Mazza

2002-01-01

325

Interdisciplinary Unit: La Isla del Encanto (The Enchanted Island).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a series of 14 lesson plans in an interdisciplinary Spanish unit on "La isla del encanto/The Enchanted Island." The materials were prepared for students in grades 5 or 6 who have had basic Spanish instruction in previous grades. The students should also be familiar with basic concepts in English such as math computation, map…

Ford-Guerrera, Rebecca

326

Medical Ethnobotany of the Teribes of Bocas del Toro, Panama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnomedical uses of 108 medicinal plant species, belonging to 52 families, 89 genera, used by the Teribe Amerindians of Bocas del Toro Province in Panama, along with their socio-cultural practices are reported here. The methods of administration of the herbal remedies, the plant parts used, their families and local names are also documented. The recorded medicinal plants were used mainly

M. P. Gupta; P. N. Solís; A. I. Calderón; F. Guinneau-Sinclair; M. Correa; C. Galdames; C. Guerra; A. Espinosa; G. I. Alvenda; G. Robles; R. Ocampo

2005-01-01

327

Interdisciplinary Unit: La Isla del Encanto (The Enchanted Island).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents a series of 14 lesson plans in an interdisciplinary Spanish unit on "La isla del encanto/The Enchanted Island." The materials were prepared for students in grades 5 or 6 who have had basic Spanish instruction in previous grades. The students should also be familiar with basic concepts in English such as math computation,…

Ford-Guerrera, Rebecca

328

Design, aerodynamics and autonomy of the DelFly.  

PubMed

One of the major challenges in robotics is to develop a fly-like robot that can autonomously fly around in unknown environments. In this paper, we discuss the current state of the DelFly project, in which we follow a top-down approach to ever smaller and more autonomous ornithopters. The presented findings concerning the design, aerodynamics and autonomy of the DelFly illustrate some of the properties of the top-down approach, which allows the identification and resolution of issues that also play a role at smaller scales. A parametric variation of the wing stiffener layout produced a 5% more power-efficient wing. An experimental aerodynamic investigation revealed that this could be associated with an improved stiffness of the wing, while further providing evidence of the vortex development during the flap cycle. The presented experiments resulted in an improvement in the generated lift, allowing the inclusion of a yaw rate gyro, pressure sensor and microcontroller onboard the DelFly. The autonomy of the DelFly is expanded by achieving (1) an improved turning logic to obtain better vision-based obstacle avoidance performance in environments with varying texture and (2) successful onboard height control based on the pressure sensor. PMID:22617112

de Croon, G C H E; Groen, M A; De Wagter, C; Remes, B; Ruijsink, R; van Oudheusden, B W

2012-05-22

329

Tratamiento del paludismo pediátrico: Papel de las intervenciones nutricionales  

Microsoft Academic Search

ResumenEl paludismo es una causa primordial de morbilidad y mortalidad en niños, particularmente en África subsahariana. Aunque se ha logrado un progreso considerable en el tratamiento del paludismo pediátrico con el tratamiento de combinación basado en la artemisinina, siguen existiendo numerosos obstáculos que se oponen a la puesta en práctica efectiva de estas nuevas opciones terapéuticas sumamente eficaces. Análogamente, si

Akoto Kwame Osei; Davidson H. Hamer

2008-01-01

330

DISTENSION ABDOMINAL Y EDEMAS POR QUISTE DEL CORDON ESPERMATICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen La distensión abdominal es un síntoma común, siendo en general la presentación inicial de enfer- medades sistémicas o desórdenes gastrointestinales. Otras causas son infrecuentes. Los quistes del cordón espermático son poco frecuentes, pero aún más su ubicación intraabdominal, su tamaño habitual es insuficiente para producir distensión. El paciente presentado en este caso es un varón con criptorquidia bilateral admitido

GUILLERMO A. KELLER; CECILIA SESSA

331

Historia del Tiempo Presente e Historia de las Relaciones Internacionales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Es la Historia del Presente una disciplina en tiempo de elaboración teórica. El rasgo específico de nuestro presente histórico bien pudiera la sociedad tecnológica en construcción. Puesto que la sociedad tecnológica nos introduce en un entorno desterritorializado con un protagonismo de la información sin precedentes en la historia, intuimos que nos adentramos en una sociedad internacional singular, propia exclusivamente de

Montserrat Huguet Santos

2001-01-01

332

Lo multicultural como mitología y como coartada del racismo  

Microsoft Academic Search

La noción de cultura en tanto que conjunto de caracteres de un colectivo nacional, tribal o religioso, ha venido a reemplazar por equivalencia la noción de raza, desprestigiada por la experiencia nazi. Pero su funcionamiento objetivo es el mismo. Raza, nación y cultura son constructos nacidos a la sombra del Romanticismo, de la reacción antiiluminista. El multiculturalismo es la ideología

Horacio Vázquez Rial

2007-01-01

333

Un Análisis del Testimonio en The Little School: Tales of Disappearance and Survival de Alicia Partnoy  

Microsoft Academic Search

El testimonio, como género en la literatura latinoamericana, es muy único. El punto de vista del autor es distinto ya que se deriva del sufrimiento vivido directamente por el testigo. Lo que hace especial al testimonio es la razón principal por la cual se escribe. El testimonio es un acto político que se basa en la fuerza del espíritu de

Jessica Verbanac

2009-01-01

334

TIPOLOGÍA DE CLASES Y SISTEMA DE EVALUACIÓN EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL DERECHO EN CUBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

En la enseñanza del Derecho cobra vida un grupo de categorías didácticas, aplicadas al desarrollo sistémico del proceso docente-educativo, que constituyen la base donde se sostiene una parte importante de la teoría pedagógica. Entre estas categorías se encuentran las formas organizativas y la evaluación del aprendizaje, las que poseen un carácter universal, a partir de su expresión en los distintos

Carlos Justo Bruzón Viltres

2010-01-01

335

Síndrome del cuidador de adultos mayores discapacitados y sus implicaciones psicosociales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia del síndrome del cuidador y las características psicosociales de los cuidadores de adultos mayores discapacitados. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio piloto de casos y controles en el Valle del Cauca durante el 2003-2004 para evaluar la funcionalidad familiar (APGAR familiar), la ansiedad y depresión (escala de Goldberg), la presencia de enfermedades (cuidadores y no

ELIANA DUEÑAS; M ARÍA ANGGELINE MARTÍNEZ; B ENJAMÍN MORALES; CLAUDIA MUÑOZ; A NA SOFÍA VIÁFARA; J ULIÁN; A. HERRERA

2006-01-01

336

Fallas estructurales del mercado de maíz. Comentario a Robles y García  

Microsoft Academic Search

El artículo es un esfuerzo valioso por parte de economistas para poner (por fin) a funcionar el instrumental de la teoría económica sobre un tema del que sólo parecen ocuparse antropólogos y agrónomos. La carencia de investigación empírica y de reflexión analítica sobre aspectos centrales de la realidad económica del país habla mal del estado que guarda la disciplina de

Ángel Palerm

1995-01-01

337

Moléculas orgánicas obtenidas en simulaciones experimentales del medio interestelar.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Las nubes moleculares son regiones de formación de estrellas, con temperaturas cinéticas entre 10-50 K y densidades de 103-106 átomos cm-3. Su materia está formada por gas y polvo interestelar. Estas partículas de polvo están cubiertas por una fina capa de hielo, de unos 0.01 ?m, que contiene H2O y a menudo CO, CO2, CH3OH y NH3. El hielo es presumiblemente irradiado por fotones ultravioleta y rayos cósmicos en las zonas poco profundas de las nubes moleculares y las regiones circunestelares. En un sistema de vacío, P ˜ 10-7 mbar, simulamos la deposición de hielo a partir de 10 K y la irradiación ultravioleta por medio de una lámpara de descarga de hidrógeno activada con microondas. La evolución del hielo se observa por medio de un espectrómetro infrarrojo. De este modo es posible determinar la composición del hielo observado en el medio interestelar y predecir la presencia de moléculas aún no detectadas en el espacio, que han sido producto del procesamiento del hielo en nuestros experimentos. También es posible calentar el sistema hasta temperatura ambiente para sublimar el hielo depositado. Cuando el hielo ha sido previamente irradiado, se observa un residuo compuesto por moléculas orgánicas complejas, algunas prebióticas, como varios ácidos carboxílicos, aminas, amidas, ésteres y en menor proporción moléculas heterocíclicas y aminoácidos. Algunas de estas moléculas podrían detectarse en estado gaseoso por medio de observaciones milimétricas y de radio. También podrían estar presentes en el polvo cometario, cuyo análisis químico está planeado por las misiones Stardust y Rosetta. Mientras tanto, nuestro grupo está llevando a cabo el análisis de partículas de polvo interplanetario (IDPs), algunas de las cuales pueden ser de origen cometario. Al igual que ocurre con los productos obtenidos por irradiación del hielo en nuestros experimentos, algunas IDPs son ricas en material orgánico que contiene oxígeno.

Muñoz-Caro, Guillermo Manuel

338

El tutor del docente en formación, figura necesaria en la formación inicial del profesional de la educación  

Microsoft Academic Search

El desarrollo de la universalización pedagógica ha revitalizado el papel del tutor y actualmente cobra mayor importancia si queremos elevar la calidad en la formación y egreso de los futuros docentes. El tutor debe promover, facilitar, ayudar al docente en formación, creando las condiciones para su crecimiento personal y profesional, sin embargo, se ha detectado que es insuficiente su preparación

Maribel Asín Cala; María Isabel Jiménez Martínez; Imara Lay Bravo

2011-01-01

339

LA CONSOLIDACIÓN DEL HAMBRE Y DEL DERECHO A LA ALIMENTACIÓN EN LAS AGENDAS POLÍTICAS DE AMÉRICA LATINA  

Microsoft Academic Search

América Latina y el Caribe es la única región en desarrollo que puede acabar con el hambre en nuestra generación. Tiene 52,4 millones de personas subnutridas (10% de población) y 9 millones de niños con desnutrición crónica, pero también es la principal productora mundial de alimentos y tiene recursos financieros, naturales, humanos e institucionales para hacer del hambre un recuerdo

Jose Luis Viveros; Niemeyer Almeida Filho

2008-01-01

340

The leukocyte integrin antagonist Del-1 inhibits IL-17-mediated inflammatory bone loss  

PubMed Central

Aging is linked to increased susceptibility to chronic inflammatory diseases several of which, including periodontitis, involve neutrophil-mediated tissue injury. Here, we found that aging-associated periodontitis was accompanied by diminished expression of Del-1 (EDIL3), an endogenous inhibitor of LFA-1 integrin-dependent neutrophil adhesion, and by a reciprocal increase in IL-17 expression. Consistently, IL-17 inhibited gingival endothelial cell expression of Del-1, thereby promoting LFA-1-dependent neutrophil recruitment. Young Del-1-deficient mice developed spontaneous periodontitis featuring excessive neutrophil infiltration and IL-17 expression; disease was prevented in Del-1–LFA-1 and Del-1–IL-17 receptor double-deficient mice. Locally administered Del-1 inhibited IL-17 production, neutrophil accumulation, and bone loss. Therefore, Del-1 suppresses LFA-1-dependent neutrophil recruitment and IL-17-triggered inflammatory pathology and may thus be a promising therapeutic for inflammatory diseases.

Eskan, Mehmet A.; Jotwani, Ravi; Abe, Toshiharu; Chmelar, Jindrich; Lim, Jong-Hyung; Liang, Shuang; Ciero, Paul A.; Krauss, Jennifer L.; Li, Fenge; Rauner, Martina; Hofbauer, Lorenz C.; Choi, Eun Young; Chung, Kyoung-Jin; Hashim, Ahmed; Curtis, Michael A.; Chavakis, Triantafyllos; Hajishengallis, George

2012-01-01

341

FLUJOS DE COMERCIO INTRAINDUSTRIAL DE LAS EXPORTACIONES REPRESENTATIVAS ENTRE VALLE DEL CAUCA, ECUADOR Y VENEZUELA 1980 – 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el presente trabajo se analiza el comportamiento del comercio intraindustrial (CII) de los subsectores representativos de la industria del Valle del Cauca con los países de Ecuador y Venezuela para el período 1980-2006 a través del índice Greenaway y Milner y el índice de Brülhart. De esta forma se corrige el problema de agregación presentado en mediciones anteriores y

Aura María Muñoz Cardona; Lina Johanna Salinas Luna

2009-01-01

342

A model of Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A workshop was held at the Observatorio Vulcanologico de Colombia in Manizales, Colombia, March 28 to April 1, 1988, to review the accumulated data on the disastrous November 13, 1985, eruption and related activity of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Figure 1). Approximately 30 scientists from eight countries presented data, developed a preliminary model, and addressed the future problems of Ruiz. The volcano (see Figure 2) erupted just prior to the meeting, covering the meeting site with 1-2 mm of ash.The workshop was convened by Stanley N. Williams (Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge) and Hansjürgen Meyer (Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia). A special volume of the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research is planned for the papers and letters presented at the workshop, with some additional contributions. Publication is expected in mid-1989.

Williams, Stanley N.; Meyer, Hansjürgen

343

Recent Optical Spectroscopy of V339 Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

C. E. Woodward (U. Minnesota), R. M. Wagner (Ohio State U.), R. A. Hounsell (STScI), S. Starrfield (Arizona State U.) report optical spectroscopy of V339 Del obtained on on 2013 October 20.14 UT using the Steward Observatory 2.3 m Bok telescope on Kitt Peak with the B&C spectrograph covering the spectral range 325.0 to 925.0 nm at a spectral resolution of ~0.63 nm. In addition, we obtained an earlier spectrum of V339 Del on 2013 September 5.14 UT with the 2.4 m Hiltner telescope of the MDM Observatory on Kitt Peak using the OSU CCD spectrograph (CCDS) and covering the spectral range 320.0 to 965.0 nm at a spectral resolution of 0.9 nm.

Woodward, C. E.; Wagner, R. M.; Hounsell, R. A.; Starrfield, S.

2013-10-01

344

Biological and behavioral determinants of fertility in Tierra del Fuego.  

PubMed

The reproductive history of 182 women in postreproductive life or near menopause from the Chilean part of Tierra del Fuego was traced back by means of familial interviews. These postmenopausal women represent the population since almost the beginning of the settlement, and their reproductive years were spent on the island. Path analysis was applied to analyze fertility determinants of these women and to propose a complex model of interconnections among factors. The reproductive history of these women is characterized by a long fertile span, a short childbearing period, and low fertility. Age at menarche is relatively late, and the age of the women at first birth is mainly determined by their late age at marriage. The use of contraception is related to both spacing and stopping behaviors. The late age of women at marriage, the rhythm of conception, and practices of contraception are proposed as the main determinants of fertility in Tierra del Fuego. PMID:15386216

Pascual, J; García-Moro, C E; Hernández, M

2005-05-01

345

El ``Aula del Cel'': astronomy approaching high school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The “Aula del Cel” is a project carried out by the Astronomical Obsevatory of the University of Valencia, Spain. It offers high-school teachers a tool for teaching Astronomy to 10 to 17 year-old students. Different programs, experiments, and audiovisual presentations have been prepared by a team formed both by professional astronomers and teachers, and are offered in a format chosen to suit each particular age and curriculum group. Special sessions have been designed for students with special needs (for example blind or autistic children) in close contact with the pedagogical teams responsible for their education. Nearly three thousand students have already visited the “Aula del Cel” over the first six months that it has been offered to the school community.

Ortiz-Gil, A.; Gómez Collado, M.; Gallego Calvente, A. T.

346

UTILIZZO DEL TRAMADOLO PER VIA EPIDURALE NEL CANE: CASE REPORT  

Microsoft Academic Search

RIASSUNTO In questo lavoro è stato impiegato e descritto l'utilizzo del Tramadolo per via epidurale durante l'anestesia in un cane che affronta, in successione, tre interventi nella stessa seduta operatoria; il primo in regione perineale seguito da orchiectomia e successivamente l'exeresi di una grossa neoformazione sul gomito. La somministrazione epidurale lombo-sacrale effettuata con Tramadolo a 2mg\\/kg diluito 1:1 in soluzione

Pierre MELANIE

347

An erupted migmatite from Cerro del Hoyazo, SE Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The almandine-bearing biotite-cordierite-labradorite dacite of the Cerro del Hoyazo is part of the Neogene volcanic range in SE Spain, extending roughly from Cabo de Gata to Cartagena. About 1 vol. % of the lava consists of rock inclusions, measuring over 1 cm, made up of almandine-biotite-sillimanite gneiss, quartz-cordierite gneiss and spinel-cordierite rock. On the ground of their abundance, chemical composition,

H. P. Zeck

1970-01-01

348

Steroidal saponins from the aerial parts of Tribulus alatus Del  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six steroidal glycosides (1–6) were isolated from the aerial parts of Tribulus alatus Del. (Zygophyllaceae), together with one known cholestane, one spirostane, and six flavonol glycosides. Among them, 1 and 2 possess a furostane-type aglycone, 3 and 6 a cholestane structure, and 4 and 5 a spirostane skeleton. Their structural elucidation was accomplished by extensive spectroscopic methods including 1D (1H,

Abeer Temraz; Omayma D. El Gindi; Hazem A. Kadry; Nunziatina De Tommasi; Alessandra Braca

2006-01-01

349

Prenatal Care in the Paso del Norte Border Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES: The impact of a Medicaid-managed care system on access to prenatal care was investigated.STUDY DESIGN: Postpartum interviews and medical chart abstractions were conducted among 493 Hispanic women who reside on the El Paso Texas\\/Juarez Mexico border (the Paso del Norte region). Descriptive analysis identified barriers and facilitators to prenatal care. Logistic regression identified the impact of social and demographic

Judith T Fullerton; Carlene Nelson; Rachel Shannon; Julia Bader

2004-01-01

350

L'Aula del Cel: Communicating Astronomy at School Level  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'Aula del Cel (The "Sky Classroom") is an effort to bring astronomy closer to school children. It is a project led by the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Valencia in collaboration with the regional education authorities. It has been running for two years and it has been a big success, with nearly three thousand students visiting the Aula during the school term.

Ortiz-Gil, A.; Gomez-Collado, M.; Gallego-Calvente, A. T.

2005-12-01

351

THE RELATIONSHIP OF YOUNG CHILDREN'S PRIOR BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE TO THEIR COMPREHENSION OF TEXTUALLY EXPLICIT, TEXTUALLY IMPLICIT AND SCRIPTALLY IMPLICIT QUESTIONS FOR EXPOSITORY AND NARRATIVE PASSAGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The two-part study was designed to investigate the role that prior background knowledge plays in determining the ability to process relationships which require a subject's prior knowledge, and to compare relationships that are explicitly or implicitly specified in narrative and expository passages.^ Thirty-six third-grade students with reading grade equivalent scores between 3.4 - 5.2 participated in Part 1 of the

PATRICIA T BOOTH

1985-01-01

352

Correction: First high resolution ultraviolet (HST/STIS) and supporting optical spectroscopy of V339 Del = Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to an error in transcription, the distance is given incorrectly in the text of ATel#5409. Along with the typo "Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph", the text should read: Comparing these STIS UV spectra with high resolution IUE spectra of the CO nova OS And 1986 obtained between 12 days (LWP) and 22 days (SWP) after optical discovery (1986 Dec. 17, 27 respectively) shows a very close agreement such that when independently dereddened, the ratio of V339 Del to OS And between 1200 and 1900A is ~1.5 in flux (similar in the 2000-3000A range but more uncertain because of the earlier date of the long wavelength IUE observation), indicating that the distance to V339 Del is about 4.2 kpc (distance to OS And ~ 5.1 kpc with E(B-V)=0.25+/-0.05, see Schwarz et al.

Shore, S. N.

2013-09-01

353

PLANTAS INTRODUCIDAS EN EL PARQUE NACIONAL TORRES DEL PAINE, CHILE ALIEN PLANTS IN TORRES DEL PAINE NATIONAL PARK, CHILE  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report 61 new records of alien plants for Torres del Paine National Park. The park is located in the Magellan Region (49°21'-51°08'S y 73°07'-74°52'O), with an area of 181.414 ha. The study area has 21 families, 65 genera and 85 alien species. The families with the largest number of species are Poaceae (22 spp.), Asteraceae (11 spp.) and Caryophyllaceae

Erwin Domínguez; Arve Elvebakk; Clodomiro Marticorena; Aníbal Pauchard

354

El Vallès Oriental : problemes induïts per l'artificialització del sòl i la preservació del medi ambient  

Microsoft Academic Search

El paisatge i els recursos naturals al Vallès Oriental estan sotmesos a una forta pressió deguda a la progressiva artificialització del medi. L'article proposa una metodologia per tal d'avaluar l'impacte d'aquesta pressió i les mesures correctores que s'hi apliquen. Així, comença per establir una tipologia d'àrees que permet distingir entre municipis desenvolupats, dinàmics, primaris i desafavorits. A continuació proposa un

Jordi Bertran

2008-01-01

355

Su inversioni del campo elettrico terrestre a cielo sereno e una loro possibile spiegazione  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sunto  Viene descritto un andamento anomalo del gradiente di Potenziale al Col d’Olen sul Monte Rosa durante una giornata che, dalle\\u000a condizioni atmosferiche, si poteva giudicare del tutto normale.\\u000a \\u000a Del fenomeno si dà una spiegazione plausibile dimostrando corne sia possibile la formazione di cariche spaziali solo che a\\u000a una certa distanza dalla stazione si trovino nubi o semplici strati di nebbia

G. Aliverti; M. C. Montù

1931-01-01

356

VEGF: A modifier of the del22q11 (DiGeorge) syndrome?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hemizygous deletion of chromosome 22q11 (del22q11) causes thymic, parathyroid, craniofacial and life-threatening cardiovascular birth defects in 1 in 4,000 infants. The del22q11 syndrome is likely caused by haploinsufficiency of TBX1, but its variable expressivity indicates the involvement of additional modifiers. Here, we report that absence of the Vegf164 isoform caused birth defects in mice, reminiscent of those found in del22q11

Ingeborg Stalmans; Diether Lambrechts; Frederik De smet; Sandra Jansen; Jian Wang; Sunit Maity; Paige Kneer; Maren von der Ohe; Ann Swillen; Christa Maes; Marc Gewillig; Daniel G. M. Molin; Peter Hellings; Thurid Boetel; Maartin Haardt; Veerle Compernolle; Mieke Dewerchin; Stephane Plaisance; Robert Vlietinck; Beverly Emanuel; Adriana C. Gittenberger-de Groot; Peter Scambler; Bernice Morrow; Deborah A. Driscol; Lieve Moons; Camila V. Esguerra; Geert Carmeliet; Annett Behn-Krappa; Koen Devriendt; Désiré Collen; Simon J. Conway; Peter Carmeliet

2003-01-01

357

Morfología de la Coma del Cometa Hale - Bopp  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Para lograr comprender plenamente los procesos físicos que se desarrollan en los núcleos cometarios y obtener un modelo que explique, no sólo su actividad, sino también sus efectos sobre la coma, es necesario obtener información detallada para el mayor número de cometas posible, siendo las características más interesantes para estudiar la ubicación de las regiones activas, la presencia de jets, las tasas de producción de gas y polvo y la interacción de la coma con el viento solar. En la actualidad, con técnicas de procesamiento de imágenes y tecnología CCD se pueden obtener este tipo de datos para cometas que ingresan al sistema solar interior y estudiar, de esta manera, la morfología de sus comas, tratando de correlacionar la actividad detectada con algún modelo teórico. En este trabajo se presenta un estudio parcial de la actividad desarrollada por el cometa Hale-Bopp, y sus efectos sobre la morfología de su coma, desde agosto de 1995 hasta la fecha en base a imágenes adquiridas con el telescopio de 0.76 m. de la Estación Astronómica Dr. Carlos Ulrrico Cesco.

Gil-Hutton, R.; Caballero, M.; Coldwell, G.; Cañada, M.; Godoy, G.; Trozzo, C.; Gómez, G.

358

The highly prevalent BRCA2 mutation c.2808_2811del (3036delACAA) is located in a mutational hotspot and has multiple origins.  

PubMed

BRCA2-c.2808_2811del (3036delACAA) is one of the most reported germ line mutations in non-Ashkenazi breast cancer patients. We investigated its genetic origin in 51 Spanish carrier families that were genotyped with 11 13q polymorphic markers. Three independent associated haplotypes were clearly distinguished accounting for 23 [west Castilla y León (WCL)], 20 [east Castilla y León (ECL)] and 6 (South of Spain) families. Mutation age was estimated with the Disequilibrium Mapping using Likelihood Estimation software in a range of 45-68 and 45-71 generations for WCL and ECL haplotypes, respectively. The most prevalent variants, c.2808_2811del and c.2803G > A, were located in a double-hairpin loop structure (c.2794-c.2825) predicted by Quikfold that was proposed as a mutational hotspot. To check this hypothesis, random mutagenesis was performed over a 923 bp fragment of BRCA2, and 86 DNA variants were characterized. Interestingly, three mutations reported in the mutation databases (c.2680G > A, c.2944del and c.2957dup) were replicated and 20 affected the same position with different nucleotide changes. Moreover, five variants were placed in the same hairpin loop of c.2808_2811del, and one affected the same position (c.2808A > G). In conclusion, our results support that at least three different mutational events occurred to generate c.2808_2811del. Other highly prevalent DNA variants, such as BRCA1-c.68_69delAG, BRCA2-c.5946delT and c.8537delAG, are concentrated in hairpin loops, suggesting that these structures may represent mutational hotspots. PMID:23929434

Infante, Mar; Durán, Mercedes; Acedo, Alberto; Sánchez-Tapia, Eva María; Díez-Gómez, Beatriz; Barroso, Alicia; García-González, María; Feliubadaló, Lídia; Lasa, Adriana; de la Hoya, Miguel; Esteban-Cardeñosa, Eva; Díez, Orland; Martínez-Bouzas, Cristina; Godino, Javier; Teulé, Alexandre; Osorio, Ana; Lastra, Enrique; González-Sarmiento, Rogelio; Miner, Cristina; Velasco, Eladio A

2013-08-08

359

CHEK2 1100delC and Del5395bp mutations in BRCA-negative individuals from Serbian hereditary breast and ovarian cancer families.  

PubMed

Purpose: Hereditary breast/ovarian cancer (HBOC) occurs in families with several members affected. Most HBOC is caused by mutations in high penetrance BRCA genes accounting for about 5% of all breast cancers. There is a large number of genes with moderate or low penetrance, contributing to non-BRCA aggregation of breast and ovarian cancers. In the present study, we evaluated the presence and frequency of 1100delC and Del5395 mutations in CHEK2 gene in Serbian BRCA-negative HBOC cases. Methods: We analyzed 57 BRCA-negative subjects from high risk breast/ovarian cancer families from Serbia for CHEK2 1100delC and Del5395 mutations. We used two multiplex allele specific PCR in order to detect them. All suspected positive cases were compared with controls and confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results: 1100delC was not detected in the tested group. However, we detected one Del5395 mutation in a female diagnosed with breast cancer at the age of 32 and with apparent family history of breast cancer (her mother and sister were diagnosed with breast cancer at 42 and 39 years of age, respectively). The frequency of Del5395 mutation in our tested group was 1.7% (1/57). Conclusions: 1100delC variant in CHEK2 gene was not present in the tested subjects from HBOC families in Serbia. However, the finding of Del5395 mutation does not allow us to discard a possible involvement of this gene in breast cancer susceptibility in Serbian population. It would be of great interest to assess the distribution of this large deletion in other countries from the Balkan region in order to assess its geographical distribution and possible founder effect. PMID:24065469

Krivokuca, A; Dobricic, J; Brankovic-Magic, M

360

Distribución del continuo ultravioleta e infrarrojo en estrellas Be  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estamos interesados en interpretar los excesos de flujo infrarrojo y/o ultravioleta observados en estrellas Be con respecto al de estrellas B normales, así como su posible correlación. Una envoltura rodeando la estrella distingue una estrella Be de una B normal; para explicar las observaciones es necesario entonces tener en cuenta todos los posibles procesos físicos que en ella tienen lugar. Adoptando un modelo atmosférico específico, hemos estudiado el proceso de recombinación dielectrónica de metales como MgII y FeII, teniendo en cuenta la posible influencia de la opacidad del medio en el flujo emitido.

Cruzado, A.; Ringuelet, A.; di Rocco, H.

361

An erupted migmatite from Cerro del Hoyazo, SE Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The almandine-bearing biotite-cordierite-labradorite dacite of the Cerro del Hoyazo is part of the Neogene volcanic range\\u000a in SE Spain, extending roughly from Cabo de Gata to Cartagena.\\u000a \\u000a About 1 vol. % of the lava consists of rock inclusions, measuring over 1 cm, made up of almandine-biotite-sillimanite gneiss,\\u000a quartz-cordierite gneiss and spinel-cordierite rock. On the ground of their abundance, chemical composition,

H. P. Zeck

1970-01-01

362

X-ray detection of Nova Del 2013 with Swift  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Continuous X-ray monitoring by Swift of Nova Del 2013 (see CBET #3628) shows an increase of X-ray emission at the source location compared to previous observations (ATEL #5283, ATEL #5305) during a 3.9 ksec observation at UT 2013-08-22 12:05. With the XRT instrument operating in window timing mode, 744 counts were extracted from a 50 pixel long source region and 324 counts from a similar box for a background region, resulting in a 13-sigma detection with a net count rate of 0.11±0.008 counts/sec.

Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.; Martin-Carrillo, Antonio; Hanlon, Lorraine

2013-08-01

363

Optical photometry and spectroscopy of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report optical BV photometry and spectroscopy of Nova Del 2013, carried out between August 14.88 UT and August 15.08 UT. Using a 60 cm Cassegrain telescope at the Nicolaus Copernicus University Observatory (Torun, Poland) we estimated the V brightness of the Nova to be 6.31+/-0.02 mag and 6.18+/-0.03 mag on Aug. 14.94 UT and Aug. 15.02 UT respectively. HD 194113 (F2, V=8.00 mag) was used as a comparison star.

Tomov, T.; Ilkiewicz, K.; Swierczynski, E.; Belcheva, M.; Dimitrov, D.

2013-08-01

364

Note. Influence of texture and type of hydrocolloid on perception of basic tastes in carrageenan and gellan gels Nota. Influencia de la textura y del tipo de hidrocoloide en la percepción de los gustos fundamentales en geles de carragenato y de gelana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary work was carried out on the effect of texture, as represented by gel strength, between around 5 and 20 N of compression maximum force, of both carrageenan and gellan gels on the per ception of the four basic tastes. These were produced by addition of 15% (w\\/w) sucrose, 0.06%(w\\/w) caffeine, 0.5% (w\\/w) sodium chloride, or a mixture of 0.15%

E. Costell; M. Peyrolón; L. Durán

2000-01-01

365

Crueldad, simulacion, absurdo y amenaza: Barbarie del drama moderno y tradicion hermetica en los esperpentos de Ramon del Valle-Inclan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate that the esperpentos by the Spanish playwright Ramón del Valle-Inclán (1866–1936), represent a culminating moment of theatrical precepts of modern European drama, while perpetuating the ancient esoteric traditions of the Iberian Peninsula. Focusing on four plays—Los cuernos de Don Friolera (1920), Luces de Bohemia (1921), Las galas del difunto (1926) y La

Barbara Safille

2004-01-01

366

DISEÑO DE UNA PLANTA PILOTO PARA EL TRATAMIENTO DEL RESIDUAL DE UNA SALINA  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el proceso de extracción de cloruro de sodio a partir de agua de mar queda una salmuera residual rica en sales de sodio y magnesio que al ser tratadas químicamente y al ser evaporada permite recuperar aproximadamente el 75% del cloruro de sodio que queda en dicho residual, lo que puede reducir la contaminación ambiental del litoral y generar

Mariana Estela Colombat Rodríguez; Amada Lissett Colombat Rodríguez

2011-01-01

367

ALERTINF: MODELLO DI PREVISIONE DELLE EMERGENZE PER IL CONTROLLO DELLE INFESTANTI DEL MAIS IN VENETO  

Microsoft Academic Search

La gestione delle infestanti è una pratica fondamentale nella coltivazione del mais. Il tempo di comparsa delle malerbe influenza la competizione tra infestante e specie coltivata determinando l'entità del danno che le malerbe possono provocare in termini di resa della coltura. La capacità di prevedere le emergenze delle malerbe può aiutare ad ottimizzare i tempi di controllo, può aumentare l'efficacia

Roberta Masin; Giuliano Cacciatori; Maria Clara Zuin; Giuseppe Zanin

368

Estrategia para potenciar el desarrollo del talento en los escolares de la educación primaria  

Microsoft Academic Search

El desarrollo del talento en el mundo es una polémica que cobra auge en la actualidad. Cuba, país en vía de desarrollo brinda a este tema especial atención. Por su importancia y novedad, la presente investigación se centra en cómo potenciar el desarrollo del talento en la Educación Primaria. Con un enfoque histórico cultural la estrategia propuesta como vía de

Niurkis Lozano Cabrera

2011-01-01

369

ALCANCES Y LIMITACIONES DE LA TEORÍA DEL APEGO Y LA BASE SEGURA  

Microsoft Academic Search

El origen de la teoría del apego se remonta a los trabajos etológicos de Lorenz con patos silvestres. Según la observación de este autor, se notaba en los patos cierto apego entre la madre y sus crías minutos después de los nacimientos; dicho lazo duraría gran parte de la vida biológica del animal (Bowlby, 1986; 1989). Con estas observaciones en

Maximiliano Korstanje

2009-01-01

370

Contrastación del modelo de in versión de Rusbult en una muestra de casados y divorciados  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio examina la capacidad del modelo de in versión propuesto por Rusbult para diferenciar en - tre individuos en relaciones estables e individuos en relaciones inestables, así como la capacidad de las variables del modelo (satisfacción matrimonial, in versión y relaciones alternati vas) para predecir el compromiso y la estabilidad de las relaciones matrimoniales. Los datos sobre las varia

David Martínez-Íñigo

2000-01-01

371

El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer publica nuevo atlas de mortalidad por cáncer  

Cancer.gov

El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI, por sus siglas en inglés) ha publicado un nuevo atlas, el Atlas de Mortalidad por Cáncer en los Estados Unidos, 1950-94, que muestra los patrones geográficos de las tasas de mortalidad por cáncer durante más de cuatro décadas, en más de 3.000 condados a lo largo del país.

372

61. M.C., photographer June 22, 1951 KLAMATH, DEL NORTE COUNTY, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

61. M.C., photographer June 22, 1951 KLAMATH, DEL NORTE COUNTY, SECTION A, HIGHWAY 1. DN-1-A #452 NORTHERLY THROUGH KLAMATH FROM STA. 325+50, 6/22/51, M.C. Stamped office copy. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

373

Indicador espacial del metabolismo urbano. Huella Ecológica de la ciudad de Tandil, Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Además de problemas urbanos evidentes -contaminación, residuos, etc.-, existe un problema asociado a la propia dinámica del sistema urbano que es de interés: la apropiación creciente de ecosistemas productivos externos destinados a satisfacer los requerimientos del metabolismo urbano de la ciudad de Tandil, Argentina. Se emplea para su cálculo, la Huella Ecológica (HE) (Rees 1996a; Wackernagel 1996) que permite evaluar

Elsa Marcela Guerrero; Fernando Guiñirgo

2008-01-01

374

Experience the magic of light and color: outreach activity by Universidad del Valle student chapter  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 2007, the Universidad del Valle Student Chapter presented a proposal for developing an educational outreach activity for children from an underprivileged zone to the Optical Society of America Foundation (OSAF) and to SPIE. The activity was carried out jointly by OSA and SPIE Universidad del Valle Student Chapters in the hillsides of Santiago de Cali, in a zone known

Claudia Valdes; Camilo Reyes; Alberto Osorio; Efrain Solarte

2010-01-01

375

Quattordici Punti di accordo con i rapporti ufficiali governativi sulla distruzione del World Trade Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

I rapporti di FEMA e NIST contengono la versione ufficiale sulla distruzione del World Trade Center, avvenuta l'11 settembre 2001. In questa lettera vogliamo porre le basi per una discussione costruttiva e chiarificatrice, focalizzandoci sui punti di comune accordo con FEMA e NIST, e refutando nel contempo diverse credenze errate sui crolli del WTC. L'undici settembre 2001 le Torri Gemelle

Steven E. Jones; Frank M. Legge; Kevin R. Ryan; Anthony F. Szamboti; James R. Gourley

376

Estudio del Selenio y la Vitamina E para Prevenir el Cáncer (SELECT): preguntas y respuestas  

Cancer.gov

SELECT sigue evaluando los efectos de los suplementos aunque los participantes ya no toman los suplementos del estudio. El Comité de Vigilancia de Datos y Seguridad del estudio, que opera con plena independencia, descubrió que el selenio y la vitamina E, tomados solos o juntos por un promedio de 5 años, no impide el cáncer de próstata.

377

Estudio del Selenio y la Vitamina E para Prevenir el Cáncer (SELECT)  

Cancer.gov

SELECT sigue evaluando los efectos de los suplementos aunque los participantes ya no toman los suplementos del estudio. El Comité de Vigilancia de Datos y Seguridad del estudio, que opera con plena independencia, descubrió que el selenio y la vitamina E, tomados solos o juntos por un promedio de 5 años y medio, no impiden el cáncer de próstata.

378

33 CFR 334.110 - Delaware Bay off Cape Henlopen, Del.; naval restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Delaware Bay off Cape Henlopen, Del.; naval...RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.110 Delaware Bay off Cape Henlopen, Del.; naval...Beginning at a point on the south shore of Delaware Bay at longitude 75°06â²12â³; thence to latitude...

2013-07-01

379

33 CFR 162.200 - Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area. 162.200 Section 162.200...INLAND WATERWAYS NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 162.200 Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area. (a) The area ....

2010-07-01

380

33 CFR 162.200 - Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Waters 2 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area. 162.200 Section 162.200...INLAND WATERWAYS NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 162.200 Marina del Rey, Calif.; restricted area. (a) The area ....

2009-07-01

381

C.35delG/ GJB2 and del(GJB6-D13S1830) mutations in Croatians with prelingual non-syndromic hearing impairment  

PubMed Central

Background C.35delG/GJB2 mutation is the most frequent genetic cause of deafness in Caucasians. Another frequent mutation in some Caucasian populations is del(GJB6-D13S1830). Both GJB2 and GJB6 genes belong to the same DFNB1 locus and when the two mutations are found in combination in a hearing-impaired person, a digenic pattern of inheritance is suggested. Methods We examined 63 Croatian subjects (25 familial and 38 sporadic cases) with prelingual non-syndromic hearing impairment by polymerase chain reaction for the presence of the c.35delG/GJB2 and the del(GJB6-D13S1830) mutations. Results Of the 63 unrelated hearing-impaired subjects, the mutation c.35delG/GJB2 was found in 21 subjects (33.3%). In 5 of them the mutation was found in the heterozygous state, all of them being compound heterozygotes, as sequencing revealed a second mutation within the coding region of the gene in 3 subjects, and a splice site mutation in 2 subjects. The del(GJB6-D13S1830) mutation was not found in the investigated hearing-impaired Croatian subjects. Conclusion Our results contribute to the knowledge of geographic distribution and population genetics of the GJB2 and GJB6 mutations in the Europeans.

Medica, Igor; Rudolf, Gorazd; Balaban, Manuela; Peterlin, Borut

2005-01-01

382

33 CFR 162.40 - Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware Canal).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware Canal). 162.40 Section 162...REGULATIONS § 162.40 Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and...

2013-07-01

383

33 CFR 207.100 - Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware Canal); use, administration, and... § 207.100 Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and...

2013-07-01

384

33 CFR 207.100 - Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and Md. (Chesapeake and Delaware Canal); use, administration, and... § 207.100 Inland waterway from Delaware River to Chesapeake Bay, Del. and...

2010-07-01

385

Disruption of cytokeratin-8 interaction with F508del-CFTR corrects its functional defect  

PubMed Central

We have previously reported an increased expression of cytokeratins 8/18 (K8/K18) in cells expressing the F508del mutation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). This is associated with increased colocalization of CFTR and K18 in the vicinity of the endoplasmic reticulum, although this is reversed by treating cells with curcumin, resulting in the rescue of F508del-CFTR. In the present work, we hypothesized that (i) the K8/K18 network may interact physically with CFTR, and that (ii) this interaction may modify CFTR function. CFTR was immunoprecipitated from HeLa cells transfected with either wild-type (WT) CFTR or F508del-CFTR. Precipitates were subjected to 2D-gel electrophoresis and differential spots identified by mass spectrometry. K8 and K18 were found significantly increased in F508del-CFTR precipitates. Using surface plasmon resonance, we demonstrate that K8, but not K18, binds directly and preferentially to the F508del over the WT human NBD1 (nucleotide-binding domain-1). In vivo K8 interaction with F508del-CFTR was confirmed by proximity ligation assay in HeLa cells and in primary cultures of human respiratory epithelial cells. Ablation of K8 expression by siRNA in F508del-expressing HeLa cells led to the recovery of CFTR-dependent iodide efflux. Moreover, F508del-expressing mice topically treated with K8-siRNA showed restored nasal potential difference, equivalent to that of WT mice. These results show that disruption of F508del-CFTR and K8 interaction leads to the correction of the F508del-CFTR processing defect, suggesting a novel potential therapeutic target in CF.

Colas, Julien; Faure, Grazyna; Saussereau, Emilie; Trudel, Stephanie; Rabeh, Wael M.; Bitam, Sara; Guerrera, Ida Chiara; Fritsch, Janine; Sermet-Gaudelus, Isabelle; Davezac, Noelie; Brouillard, Franck; Lukacs, Gergely L.; Herrmann, Harald; Ollero, Mario; Edelman, Aleksander

2012-01-01

386

High precision ages from the Torres del Paine Intrusion, Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The upper crustal bimodal Torres del Paine Intrusion, southern Chile, consists of the lower Paine-Mafic- Complex and the upper Paine-Granite. Geochronologically this bimodal complex is not well studied except for a few existing data from Halpern (1973) and Sanchez (2006). The aim of this study is to supplement the existing data and to constrain the age relations between the major magmatic pulses by applying high precision U-Pb dating on accessory zircons and 40Ar/39Ar-laser-step-heating-ages on biotites from the Torres del Paine Intrusion. The magmatic rocks from mafic complex are fine to medium-grained and vary in composition from quartz- monzonites to granodiorites and gabbros. Coarse-grained olivine gabbros have intruded these rocks in the west. The granitic body is represented by a peraluminous, biotite-orthoclase-granite and a more evolved leucocratic granite in the outer parts towards the host-rock. Field observations suggest a feeder-zone for the granite in the west and that the granite postdates the mafic complex. Two granite samples of the outermost margins in the Northeast and South were analyzed. The zircons were dated by precise isotope-dilution U-Pb techniques of chemically abraded single grains. The data are concordant within the analytical error and define weighted mean 206/238U ages of 12.59 ± 0.03 Ma and 12.58 ± 0.01 Ma for the two samples respectively. A 40Ar/39Ar-age for the second sample yield a date of 12.37 ± 0.11 Ma. Three 40Ar/39Ar -ages of biotites were obtained for rocks belonging to the mafic complex. A hbl-bio- granodiorite from the central part, approximately 150 m below the subhorizontal contact with the granite, gives an age of 12.81 ± 0.11 Ma. A hbl-bio-granodiorite and an olivine-gabbro west of the feeder-zone date at 12.42 ± 0.14 Ma and 12.49 ± 0.11 Ma, respectively. The obtained older age of 12.81 Ma for the granodiorite in the central part is consistent with structural relationships of brittle fracturing of the mafic complex by the granite and we conclude that some parts of the mafic complex were emplaced before the granite. The well defined 206/238U-age for zircons and the slightly younger 40Ar/39Ar -ages for biotites of both rock suites show that emplacement and cooling of the Torres del Paine Intrusion took place in a relatively short time-frame. Halpern, 1973, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 84/7: 2407-2422. Sanchez et.al., 2006. V SSAGI, Punta del Este, April 2006.

Michel, J.; Baumgartner, L.; Cosca, M.; Ovtcharova, M.; Putlitz, B.; Schaltegger, U.

2006-12-01

387

Numerical Kähler-Einstein Metric on the Third del Pezzo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The third del Pezzo surface admits a unique Kähler-Einstein metric, which is not known in closed form. The manifold’s toric structure reduces the Einstein equation to a single Monge-Ampère equation in two real dimensions. We numerically solve this nonlinear PDE using three different algorithms, and describe the resulting metric. The first two algorithms involve simulation of Ricci flow, in complex and symplectic coordinates respectively. The third algorithm involves turning the PDE into an optimization problem on a certain space of metrics, which are symplectic analogues of the “algebraic” metrics used in numerical work on Calabi-Yau manifolds. Our algorithms should be applicable to general toric manifolds. Using our metric, we compute various geometric quantities of interest, including Laplacian eigenvalues and a harmonic (1,1)-form. The metric and (1,1)-form can be used to construct a Klebanov-Tseytlin-like supergravity solution.

Doran, Charles; Headrick, Matthew; Herzog, Christopher P.; Kantor, Joshua; Wiseman, Toby

2008-09-01

388

Renewable energy load assessment for Boquillas Del Carmen Coahuila, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the estimates that were made in 1992 of the potential load requirements for Boquillas del Carmen, a small Mexican village on the northern border of the state of Coahuila, Mexico near Big Bend National Park in southern Texas. The study was made to help determine the possibility that village might be electrified by solar or wind energy. Various estimates of are given of the potential load based on estimates ranging from basic use of lights, radio, television, and small household appliances to microwave ovens, refrigerators, and direct evaporative coolers. The low-energy consumption case was estimated to be at 23.0 kWh/month per residence per month, and the high-energy consumption case (with cooling) was 140.7 kWh/month per residence. On average, the typical residence is occupied by five individuals.

Foster, R. [Southwest Technology Development Institute, Las Cruces, NM (United States)

1995-08-01

389

Near-IR Photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Subjects: Infra-Red, Nova We report Near-IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 taken with the 0.76-m infrared telescope at the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). RIJHKLM photometry were obtained on August 21.17 and 23.13 UT using an AsSi bolometer. Vega (alpha Lyrae) was used as the standard star. Our photometry show: August 21.17 UT: R = 5.1 +/- 0.1, I = 4.6 +/- 0.1, J = 4.6 +/- 0.1, H = 4.1 +/- 0.1, K = 3.9 +/- 0.1, L = 2.7 +/- 0.2, M = +2.2 +/- 0.2.

Cass, C. A.; Carlon, L. R.; Corgan, T. D.; Dykhoff, A. D.; Gehrz, D. R.; Shenoy, P. D.

2013-08-01

390

Impacto de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC) en el desarrollo y la competitividad del país  

Microsoft Academic Search

La primera parte de este estudio caracteriza al sector de telecomunicaciones en Colombia, comparando a Colombia con otros países y regiones del mundo, mostrando la evolución de algunos de los principales indicadores de telecomunicaciones. En la segunda parte se hacen estimaciones cuantitativas del impacto socioeconómico del sector en la economía colombiana, a través de dos herramientas: la metodología insumo-producto y

Juan Benavides; Felipe Castro; Lina Devis; Mauricio Olivera

2011-01-01

391

EL PAPEL DE LOS AUXILIARES DE LA JUSTICIA EN VÍAS DE LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DEL SISTEMA ACUSATORIO EN PANAMÁ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo trata sobre el papel preponderante que juegan los Auxiliares de la Justicia que cobra mayor relevancia dentro del engranaje del modelo del Sistema Acusatorio, en los Procesos Orales, garantista en Contra posición con el actual Sistema Inquisitivo destacando el trabajo, capacidad y preponderancia de Estos colaboradores muchas veces anónimos en el Sistema actual, pero que serán de suma

Ivanovha Lamela

2011-01-01

392

Deglacial palaeoclimate at Puerto del Hambre, subantarctic Patagonia, Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary objective of this study is to further substantiate multistep climatic forcing of late-glacial vegetation in southern South America. A secondary objective is to establish the age of deglaciation in Estrecho de Magallanes-Bahía Inútil. Pollen assemblages at 2-cm intervals in a core of the mire at Puerto del Hambre (53°3621S, 70°5553W) provide the basis for reconstructing the vegetation and a detailed account of palaeoclimate in subantarctic Patagonia. Chronology over the 262-cm length of core is regulated by 20 AMS radiocarbon dates between 14 455 and 10 089 14C yr BP. Of 13 pollen assemblage zones, the earliest representing the Oldest Dryas chronozone (14 455-13 000 14C yr BP) records impoverished steppe with decreasing frequencies and loss of southern beech (Nothofagus). Successive 100-yr-long episodes of grass/herbs and of heath (Empetrum/Ericaceae) before 14 000 14C yr BP infer deglacial successional communities under a climate of increased continentality prior to the establishment of grass-dominated steppe. The Bølling-Allerød (13 000-11 000 14C yr BP) is characterised by mesic grassland under moderating climate that with abrupt change to heath dominance after 12 000 14C yr BP was warmer and not as humid. At the time of the Younger Dryas (11 000-10 000 14C yr BP), grass steppe expanded with a return of colder, more humid climate. Later, with gradual warming, communities were invaded by southern beech. The Puerto del Hambre record parallels multistep, deglacial palaeoclimatic sequences reported elsewhere in the Southern Andes and at Taylor Dome in Antarctica. Deglaciation of Estrecho de Magallanes-Bahía Inútil is dated close to 14 455 14C yr BP, invalidating earlier dates of between 15 800 and 16 590 14C yr BP.

Heusser, Calvin J.; Heusser, Linda E.; Lowell, Thomas V.; Moreira M., Andrés; Moreira M., Simón

2000-02-01

393

[Epidemiology of dog bite lesions in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina].  

PubMed

The coexistence between man and dog has resulted in mutual benefits during thousands of years, nevertheless some problems have recently arisen where bite injuries have an important role. The aim of this work was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of dog bite lesions which occurred during a year in Tierra del Fuego. A descriptive observational, transversal study of patients who were admitted with dog bite injuries to clinic and pediatric emergency services of hospitals and health centers was carried out between 3/1/05 and 3/1/06. A total of 382 records were made. The children group represents 49.5%. The group between 5 and 9 year-old was the most affected (44.4%; IC95% 37.2-51.8). In the adult group, that between 15 and 24 year-old was the most affected (29.5%; IC95% 23.2-36.5). More lesions were registered in men (57.6%) than in women (42.4%) (chi2 = 8.6, p = 0.003). During spring and summer months, 56.5% of the lesions were registered. A 72.8% of the incidents occurred on the public highway. Dogs of big size were responsible of 49.7% (IC95% 44.6-54.9) of the injuries. The 89.8% of the incidents were caused by another person's dog. Of the lesions, 55.8% (IC95% 50.6-60.8) were registered in lower extremities and 11% (IC95% 8.1-14.7) in head and neck. These data show that dog bite lesions affect the health and impact in the quality of life of the population of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. PMID:18416313

Zanini, Fabián; Padinger, Patricia; Elissondo, María C; Pérez, Héctor

2008-01-01

394

Marilyn Monroe - Immortalised Sex Symbol: Iconic Femininity Refracted Through American Culture, Star Studies & Textual Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This dissertation discusses how ,femininity has been refracted through the image ,of Marilyn Monroe throughout her career and after her death, articulating the various means through which she was used as a ,tool to demonstrate notions of the ,ideal woman ,and feminine behaviours throughout 1950s America. Marilyn Monroe was a Hollywood,star whose image became,the embodiment,of many,ideals amongst,women ,and she

Denyse Chellew

395

The concept of document warehousing for multi-dimensional modeling of textual-based business intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past decade, data warehousing has been widely adopted in the business community. It provides multi-dimensional analyses on cumulated historical business data for helping contemporary administrative decision-making. Nevertheless, it is believed that only about 20% information can be extracted from data warehouses concerning numeric data only, the other 80% information is hidden in non-numeric data or even in documents.

Frank S. C. Tseng; Annie Y. H. Chou

2006-01-01

396

Optimizing enterprise search by automatically relating user context to textual document content  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely agreed that information retrieval (IR) systems benefit enormously from considering not only the user's query but also contextual data. In enterprise IR systems corporate knowledge bases and additional manually triggered information about users are normally taken to obtain such contextual data. In this paper we propose a solution for role-specific search in enterprise environments without the need

Matthias Reichhold; Jörg Kerschbaumer; Günther Fliedl

2011-01-01

397

TALE AS OLD AS TIME: A Textual Analysis of Race and Gender in Disney Princess Films  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Walt Disney Company has undergone increasing scrutiny for some of the themes found within their films; however no study has been done to specifically address the Disney Princess franchise. Therefore I focus my paper on the incredibly popular Disney Princess franchise, and the representations of race and gender within its films. In order to thoroughly examine the race and

Vanessa Matyas

2010-01-01

398

Reading Repression: Textualizing the Linguistic Marginalization of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers in Arizona  

Microsoft Academic Search

This discussion draws attention to the discriminatory efforts of policymakers in Arizona to professionally marginalize public school teachers deemed to have an accent. In addition to debunking the linguistic and pedagogic validity of this policy, we emphasize the role of the media in the (re)construction and justification of language ideologies used to cast immigrants and language-minority groups in a negative

Avram Blum; Eric J. Johnson

2012-01-01

399

Embodied Knowledge: The Textual Representation of Embodied Sensory Information in a Dynamic and Uncertain Material Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the specific problems of roof support in coal mines to construct a theoretical framework that describes how texts represent information that is embodied, sensory, and uncertain. Raises ethical questions about (1) textbook notions of instructions as systematic procedures designed to produce predictable outcomes; (2) limits of particular…

Sauer, Beverly

1998-01-01

400

The textual interplay of grammatical metaphor on the nominalizations occurring in written medical English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to study the phenomenon of grammatical metaphor from the standpoint of intertextuality. In order to fulfil this aim, the paper focuses on the nominalizations and extensive nominal groups which characterize medical journal English by treating them as intertextual signals. For this reason, our analysis is oriented to the description of real examples from original articles published in

Ignacio Guillén Galve

1998-01-01

401

The Best of Both Worlds: Integrating Textual and Visual Command Interfaces for Mars Rover Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Mars rover is a complex system, and driving one is a complex endeavor. Rover drivers must be intimately familiar with the hardware and software of the mobility system and of the robotic arm. They must rapidly assess threats in the terrain, then creatively combine their knowledge of the vehicle and its environment to achieve each day's science and engineering

Scott Maxwell; Brian Cooper; Frank Hartman; Chris Leger; John Wright; Jeng Yen

2005-01-01

402

Longitudinal textual analysis: an innovative method for analysing how realised strategies evolve  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present an innovative methodological framework developed out of primary research that will lead to new understanding about patterns in the strategic actions realised by firms within an industry. The framework is to be applied to increase understanding of how realised strategies evolved in the pharmaceutical industry and overcomes some of the limitations of other

A. Langley; N. Kakabadse; S. Swailes

2007-01-01

403

The textual organisation of research article introductions in applied linguistics: Variability within a single discipline  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the degree of variability in the structure of research article introductions within a single discipline. It is an exploratory study based on the analysis of 20 research articles. The study investigates the differences between two subdisciplines of applied linguistics, namely second language acquisition and second language writing research, in terms of Swales’s [Swales, J. M. (1990). Genre

Ismet Ozturk

2007-01-01

404

The textual characteristics of traditional and Open Access scientific journals are similar  

PubMed Central

Background Recent years have seen an increased amount of natural language processing (NLP) work on full text biomedical journal publications. Much of this work is done with Open Access journal articles. Such work assumes that Open Access articles are representative of biomedical publications in general and that methods developed for analysis of Open Access full text publications will generalize to the biomedical literature as a whole. If this assumption is wrong, the cost to the community will be large, including not just wasted resources, but also flawed science. This paper examines that assumption. Results We collected two sets of documents, one consisting only of Open Access publications and the other consisting only of traditional journal publications. We examined them for differences in surface linguistic structures that have obvious consequences for the ease or difficulty of natural language processing and for differences in semantic content as reflected in lexical items. Regarding surface linguistic structures, we examined the incidence of conjunctions, negation, passives, and pronominal anaphora, and found that the two collections did not differ. We also examined the distribution of sentence lengths and found that both collections were characterized by the same mode. Regarding lexical items, we found that the Kullback-Leibler divergence between the two collections was low, and was lower than the divergence between either collection and a reference corpus. Where small differences did exist, log likelihood analysis showed that they were primarily in the area of formatting and in specific named entities. Conclusion We did not find structural or semantic differences between the Open Access and traditional journal collections.

Verspoor, Karin; Cohen, K Bretonnel; Hunter, Lawrence

2009-01-01

405

Differential Effects of Wait-Time on Textually Explicit and Implicit Responding: Interactional Explanation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of wait-time, the pause following a teacher question and the pause after a student response, on the length and number of student responses were analyzed at different cognitive levels. Data were obtained from 95 students in grade 4 and from 5 teachers using a wait-time of 5 seconds. Four oral discussion sessions by teachers and students…

Pond, Marlene R.; Newman, Isadore

406

Extracting informative textual parts from web pages containing user-generated content  

Microsoft Academic Search

The vast amount of user-generated content on the Web has increased the need for handling the problem of automatically processing content in web pages. The segmentation of web pages and noise (non-informative segment) removal are important pre-processing steps in a variety of applications such as sentiment analysis, text summarization and information retrieval. Currently, these two tasks tend to be handled

Nikolaos Pappas; Georgios Katsimpras; Efstathios Stamatatos

2012-01-01

407

Effects of reading span and textual coherence on rapid-sequential reading  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subjects’ Comprehension and Memory of Conventional Presentations (Pages) And Rapid, Serial Visual Presentations (Rsvps) Of\\u000a Text Were Investigated With A Statement-Recognition Test. Texts Were Presented With Sentences in An Intact Or A Scrambled\\u000a Order At Rates Of 300 And 600 Words Per Minute (Wpm). Subjects’ Memory for Text Meaning And Surface Structure Was Better In\\u000a 300-Than In 600-Wpm Conditions, And

Hsuan-Chih Chen

1986-01-01

408

Literary Criticism and Historical Science: The Textuality of History in the Age of Goethe — and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which methods and perspectives of literary criticism can contribute to describe the unique character of historical thought, the epistemological status of historical knowledge as well as the methodology of historical science in its complexity? With the title \\

Daniel Fulda

409

The Measurement of Perspective Change through Textual Movement Patterns. Cognitive Science Research No. 59.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new approach to the study of text building behavior is possible through the application of Scanator. This paper consists of a demonstration of some of its fundamental functions. These are suitable in a study of text building. The basic concepts, expressed through an analysis of a small part of an interview text, derive from a thermodynamic…

Bierschenk, Bernhard

410

Discovering Potential Precursors of Mammography Abnormalities based on Textual Features, Frequencies, and Sequences  

SciTech Connect

Diagnosingbreastcancerfrommammographyreportsisheav- ily dependant on the time sequences of the patient visits. In the work described, we take a longitudinal view of the text of a patient s mam- mogram reports to explore the existence of certain phrase patterns that indicate future abnormalities may exist for the patient. Our approach uses various text analysis techniques combined with Haar wavelets for the discovery and analysis of such precursor phrase patterns. We believe the results show significant promise for the early detection of breast can- cer and other breast abnormalities.

Patton, Robert M [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL

2010-01-01

411

Reading Russian Expository Prose: The Role of Functional and Derivational Grammar in Textual and Lexical Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the development of an explicit reading approach focusing on the comprehension of Russian expository prose is long overdue. Recommends and discusses "The Contextual Approach to Russian" by Plank and Daugherty as a textbook which outlines a pragmatic strategy for reading and comprehending Russian expository prose. (SED)

McKenna, Kevin J.

1984-01-01

412

Textual Interaction as Sexual Interaction: Sexuality And\\/in the Online Interview  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I draw from my research into the users of Nazi fetish Internet site to examine the potential sexualisation of the online interview encounter by informants and the implications for ethical research practice. Firstly, I consider how the process of talking about, and confessing, sex can be erotically charged. Moreover, since many of my participants were heavily invested

Danny Beusch

2007-01-01

413

Revisiting violent videogames research: Game Studies perspectives on aggression, violence, immersion, interaction, and textual analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thus far, the bulk of effects research on violent video games demonstrates troubling cor- relations between playing violent video games and increases in (or primers for) aggres- sive behavior, which suggests that overall, violent video games may be detrimental to so- ciety. However, there may be significant weaknesses in this body of research, concerning not only methodological issues such as

Kyle Kontour

414

Problemes de L'Analyse Textuelle/Problems of Textual Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This text compiles papers treating problems in literary analysis which were read at a conference at the University of Toronto, Canada. Papers include: (1) "Elements Phonostylistiques du Texte Litteraire," (2) Some uses of the Grammar in Poetic Analysis, (3) "Morphosyntaxe et Stylistique," (4) "Le Lexique dans l'Oeuvre Litteraire," (5) "Analyse…

Leon, Pierre R., Ed.; And Others

415

Counter-Orientalism and textual play in Akutagawa's 'The ball' ('But l kai')  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes the 1920 short story 'The ball' ('But l kai') by the Japanese writer Akutagawa Ry ? nosuke, written in response to an 1889 story, 'A ball in Edo' ('Un Bal à Yeddo') by the French writer Pierre Loti. Loti's story sarcastically describes a state ball put on by the Japanese government for foreign visitors, suggesting that the

David Rosenfeld

2000-01-01

416

George Cruikshank’s Graphic and Textual Reactions to Mother Goose  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his Fairy Library, published between 1853 and 1864, George Cruikshank illustrated and rewrote “Le Petit Poucet,” “Cendrillon,” and “Le chat botté.” Although his witty engravings remain faithful to the texts, his rewriting considerably alters them. A reformed alcoholic, he preaches temperance in “Hop O’ My Thumb” and recasts the tender Cinderella as pitiless prohibitionist. He transforms all three tales

Judd D. Hubert

2011-01-01

417

Undocumented in a Documentary Society: Textual Borders and Transnational Religious Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While transnationalism has emerged as a growing area of interest in Writing Studies, the field has not fully examined how migrants' movement across national borders shapes their literacy practices. This article offers one answer to this question by reporting on an ethnographic study of the transnational religious literacies of a community of…

Vieira, Kate

2011-01-01

418

The “Parrhesiastic Game”: Textual Self-Justification in Spiritual Narratives of Early Modern Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though scholars debate whether Foucault offers a viable theory of resistance, his analysis of parrhesia(fearless speech) poses and problematizes an oppositional rhetoric of truth-telling. Fearless speech challenges regimes of power\\/truth; spiritual narratives of Early Modern women challenge cultural norms to justify their right to speak. The rhetorical strategies that women use to authorize their writing—performing a struggle between God and

Gae Lyn Henderson

2007-01-01

419

A textual representation scheme for identifying clinical relationships in patient records.  

PubMed

The identification of relationships between clinical concepts in patient records is a preliminary step for many important applications in medical informatics, ranging from quality of care to hypothesis generation. In this work we describe an approach that facilitates the automatic recognition of relationships defined between two different concepts in text. Unlike the traditional bag-of-words representation, in this work, a relationship is represented with a scheme of five distinct context-blocks based on the position of concepts in the text. This scheme was applied to eight different relationships, between medical problems, treatments and tests, on a set of 349 patient records from the 4th i2b2 challenge. Results show that the context-block representation was very successful (F-Measure = 0.775) compared to the bag-of-words model (F-Measure = 0.402). The advantage of this representation scheme was the correct management of word position information, which may be critical in identifying certain relationships. PMID:21552455

Do?an, Rezarta Islamaj; Névéol, Aurélie; Lu, Zhiyong

2011-02-01

420

Theory Building in Qualitative Research and Computer Programs for the Management of Textual Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article refers to recent debates about the potential methodological costs and benefits of computer use in qualitative research and about the relationship between methodological approaches (eg. 'Grounded Theory') on the one hand and computer-aided methods of qualitative research on the other. It is argued that the connection between certain computer-aided strategies and methodological approaches is far more loose than

Kelle

1997-01-01

421

Secret Sins of the Orient: Creating a (Homo)Textual Context for Reading Byron's "The Giaour."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the way sexual excesses inscribed in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Oriental discourses served to open up "queer" spaces in Romantic literature, while analyzing the degree to which the master narrative of British colonial domination was in part dependent on narratives of the sexual degeneracy of the Other. Focuses on Byron's "The…

Schneider, Jeffrey L.

2002-01-01

422

Teaching Intraverbal Behavior to Children with Autism: A Comparison of Textual and Echoic Prompts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although echoic prompts may be effective for teaching intraverbal behavior to children with autism, the performance of some children may become dependent on such prompts (i.e., the prompts cannot be eliminated). Recent research suggests that visual rather than echoic prompts may be used to teach children with autism a variety of skills and may…

Vedora, Joseph; Meunier, Laura; Mackay, Harry

2009-01-01

423

Curating inscription: the legacy of textual exhibitions of tattooing in colonial literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis argues that the colonial context of the tattoo‘s reintroduction to the west, and the exhibitionary nature of its cultural presence in the Euro-American public‘s consciousness, has been mediated and to a degree determined by cultural understandings of processes of exhibition and display. The tattoo‘s role in performances of Otherness has allowed it to be manipulated and utilized by

Anne Elizabeth Werner

2008-01-01

424

Semantic and Pragmatic Failure in Translating Literary Texts: Translators' Inconsistency and/or Textual Resistance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Liyerature;Drawing upon intrinsic linguistic and cultural premises, the present study is an attempt to explore semantic and pragmatic failure, evidently and frequently arising while translating literary texts. This researcher has adopted a functional approach that hinges upon basic semantic and pragmatic premises that best fit the framework of an…

AlBzoor, Baseel Ali

2011-01-01

425

TSS: Efficient Term Set Search in Large Peer-to-Peer Textual Collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous multikeyword search in DHT-based P2P systems often relies on multiple single keyword search operations, suffering from unacceptable traffic cost and poor accuracy. Precomputing term-set-based index can significantly reduce the cost but needs exponentially growing index size. Based on our observations that 1) queries are typically short and 2) users usually have limited interests, we propose a novel index pruning

Hanhua Chen; Jun Yan; Hai Jin; Yunhao Liu; Lionel M. Ni

2010-01-01

426

[Textual research on the editions of Ben cao fa ming (Invention of Materia Medica)].  

PubMed

The edition of Ben cao fa ming (Invention of Materia Medica) included in Zhong guo ben cao quan shu (The Complete Collection of Traditional Texts on Chinese Materia Medica) is photoprinted from the Ming-dynasty block-printed edition persevered in the Library of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CACMS), an incomplete one with some parts missing. In addition, there are the Ming-dynasty block-printed edition preserved in the Shanghai Library and Japanese hand-copied edition, both complete ones with full texts. In fact, the Shanghai edition and CACMS edition are the same one, only the text of "the differential classification of ben cao of the Ming Dynasty" are located in different position between them. The Japanese one is hand-copied from the Ming-dynasty block-printed edition. PMID:24135479

Li, Yu-Qing

2013-03-01

427

Engineering discovery learning: The contingency adduction of some precursors of textual responding in a beginning program  

PubMed Central

A learning situation in which the principal content of what is to be learned is not given but is independently discovered by the learner is often considered “discovery learning.” Recently, learning scientists have been able to make explicit some of the conditions under which such independent discovery is likely to occur (Andronis, 1983; Epstein, 1996; Johnson & Layng, 1992). One form of “discovery” can often be observed when skills learned under one set of conditions are recruited under new conditions to serve a new or different function—a process of “contingency adduction” (Andronis, Layng, & Goldiamond, 1997). The research reported here investigated the application of contingency adduction in a discovery learning context to establish sound-to-letter correspondence as part of an online reading/decoding program, Headsprout Early Reading. Beginning readers acquired novel letters/sounds correspondence with minimal presentations and few errors—often requiring only one presentation. This research suggests that instructional sequences may be designed to provide effective discovery learning activities to teach some phonics skills.

Layng, T. V. Joe; Twyman, Janet S.; Stikeleather, Greg

2004-01-01

428

Patterns of Enquiry: Textual Analysis of a Classroom Discussion Unit on Bee Feeding Behaviour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper constitutes an analysis of "Honey Bee Communication: An Enquiry into Two Concepts of Animal Behavior," a unit of classroom discussion modules developed by the Patterns of Enquiry Project at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education. The conceptual framework of the analysis consists of four major items: (1) descriptive…

Binns, Richard W.

429

A Textual Research on the First Private University in Modern China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently there have been many viewpoints as to which private university was founded firstly in modern China. The schools, such as Fudan University (or the former Aurora Academy), Nankai University, China College, Wuchang Zhonghua University, Nanyang College and Zhengmeng Academy are all considered to be the first private university. From two…

Tian, Zhengping; Chen, Taolan

2008-01-01

430

The Angle of Articulation in Textual Movement. Cognitive Science Research No. 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Natural systems are self-organizing and stratify according to the angular articulation of their movements. In particular, movement is relative to the levels that define its behavior space. As natural phenomenon, text production is self-referential, In generating information, the intention of the producer of a text becomes specified. Specifying of…

Bierschenk, Bernhard

431

Integrating Textual Thinking into the Introductory College-Level Foreign Language Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the characteristics of the well-documented bifurcation in collegiate foreign language (FL) instruction is the difficult transition from lower- to upper-level instruction. Particularly pronounced are the expectations placed on readers at the upper level. No longer engaged in surface readings and sentence-level exercises that stay focused on everyday situations with clear intent and unambiguous meaning, learners at the upper

HIRAM H. MAXIM

2006-01-01

432

SEMANTIC AND TEXTUAL CONDITIONS ON NOUN PHRASE MOVEMENT IN ENGLISH (GENERATIVE GRAMMAR, CONSTRAINTS, COMPOSITION)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the inception of the Standard Theory, it has generally been recognized that syntactic transformations must be severely constrained in their expressive power in order for linguistic descriptions to approach explanatory adequacy. To remedy this deficiency, various syntactic constraints on movement rules have been proposed.^ This program has not received unanimous support. Lakoff (1971) argues that transformations are too weak,

MARK STEPHEN LETOURNEAU

1986-01-01

433

Textual Orientations: Gay and Lesbian Students and the Making of Discourse Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For Peter Elbow, a writing classroom should be an opportunity for students to tell their stories to a community in which everyone is safe to take risks, and all support each other in the development of their expressive skills. To be "other," however, is always a scary thing. The lesbian, gay, or bisexual writing student is usually seen as having…

Gulla, Amanda Nicole

434

Evidence of quality of textual features on the web 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of popularity of Web 2.0 applications greatly increased the amount of social media content available on the Internet. However, the unsupervised, user-oriented nature of this source of information, and thus, its potential lack of quality, have posed a challenge to information retrieval (IR) services. Previous work focuses mostly only on tags, although a consensus about its effectiveness as

Flavio Figueiredo; Fabiano Belém; Henrique Pinto; Jussara M. Almeida; Marcos André Gonçalves; David Fernandes; Edleno Silva De Moura; Marco Cristo

2009-01-01

435

Analyzing Ghanaian Emotions Through Narrative: A Textual Analysis of Ama Ata Aidoo’s Novel Changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary African emotional expression is a cultural artifact that has encoded within it the story of colonial and postcolonial history. Through an analysis of Ama Ata Aidoo’s award-winning novel Changes, this article explores how emotions are expressed in contemporary Ghanaian literature. From literal translations of indigenous languages and culturally specific nonverbal communication to Western expressions and locally created neologisms, the

Vivian Dzokoto; Glenn Adams

2007-01-01

436

Mining textual requirements to assist architectural software design: a state of the art review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern Software Engineering (SE) is characterized by the use of several models that establish and show the different states\\u000a a software product goes through, from its initial conception to its end, passing across its development, setup and maintenance\\u000a among others. Each phase produces a set of deliverables following different documentation standards, but in many cases, natural\\u000a language text is a

Agustin Casamayor; Daniela Godoy; Marcelo Campo

437

Textual metadiscourse in research articles: a marker of national culture or of academic discipline?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academic writers leave traces of themselves in their writing which may be linked to national as well as disciplinary culture. This paper takes a doubly contrastive approach and investigates writer manifestation in three languages, English, French and Norwegian, and three disciplines, economics, linguistics and medicine, in order to see whether language or discipline is the most important variable governing the

Trine Dahl

2004-01-01

438

Automatic Conversion from Phonetic to Textual Representation of Cantonese: The Case of Hong Kong Court Proceedings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resumption of sovereignty over Hong Kong by China and the implementation of legal bilingualism there have given rise to an urgent need for producing verbatim court records of proceedings conducted in Cantonese, the predominant Chinese dialect spoken by the majority of the population. This has created a challenge to build up the jurilinguistic infrastructure vital for the full implementation

Benjamin K. Tsou; K. K. Sin; Samuel W K. Chan; Tom B. Y Lai; Caesar Lun; K. T Ko; Gary K. K. Chan; Lawrence Y; L. Cheung

439

Reading Repression: Textualizing the Linguistic Marginalization of Nonnative English-Speaking Teachers in Arizona  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This discussion draws attention to the discriminatory efforts of policymakers in Arizona to professionally marginalize public school teachers deemed to have an accent. In addition to debunking the linguistic and pedagogic validity of this policy, we emphasize the role of the media in the (re)construction and justification of language ideologies…

Blum, Avram; Johnson, Eric J.

2012-01-01

440

Textual Appropriation in Engineering Master’s Theses: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the thesis literature review, an engineering graduate student is expected to place original research in the context of\\u000a previous work by other researchers. However, for some students, particularly those for whom English is a second language,\\u000a the literature review may be a mixture of original writing and verbatim source text appropriated without quotations. Such\\u000a problematic use of source material

Edward J. Eckel

2010-01-01

441

Republican charisma and the American revolution: The textual persona of Thomas Paine's Common Sense  

Microsoft Academic Search

By measures of impact alone, Thomas Paine might be considered the charismatic leader of the American Revolution and his Common Sense its most important manifesto. Psychological and sociological theories of charisma, however, are hard?pressed to account for the impact of Paine and his pamphlet. Written anonymously, Common Sense did not derive its power from the reputation of its author, nor

J. Michael Hogan; Glen Williams

2000-01-01

442

The role of concept-derivable knowledge in constructing space-related textual meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discourse is traditionally seen as situationally located, contextual interaction. How­ ever, narrative fiction clearly shows that discourse need not be tied to the simultaneity of interaction. The interpretation of a text relies on the encoding, but it is not void of interaction: the encoding evokes interaction and discourse, since both the author and the reader function as active participants in

Kari K. Pitkänen

2000-01-01

443

The Artist as Critic: Bi-Textuality in Fin-De-Siècle Illustrated Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis is an interdisciplinary study of first edition illustrated books produced in England at the fin de siècle, and offers new approaches both to illustration theory and to critical interpretation of late Victorian representations. The focus on first editions ensures that the illustrator is the first reader of the text, and that the artist and writer produce their work

Lorraine Janzen Kooistra

1992-01-01

444

The artist as critic: Bi-textuality in {\\\\it fin-de-si\\\\`ecle\\\\\\/} illustrated books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis is an interdisciplinary study of first edition illustrated books produced in England at the fin de siecle, and offers new approaches both to illustration theory and to critical interpretation of late Victorian representations. The focus on first editions ensures that the illustrator is the first reader of the text, and that the artist and writer produce their work

Lorraine Anne Janzen Kooistra

1993-01-01

445

Requirements and Their Impact Downstream: Improving Casual Analysis Processes Through Measurement and Analysis of Textual Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Requirements documents, test procedures, and problem and change reports from a U. S. Army Software Engineering Center (SEC) were analyzed to identify, clarify, and begin categorizing recurring patterns of issues raised throughout the product life cycle. S...

D. R. Goldenson I. A. Monarch L. T. Osiecki

2008-01-01

446

A Multi-Perspective Genre Analysis of the Barrister's Opinion: Writing Context, Generic Structure, and Textualization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In teaching and researching English for Law, considerable effort has been put into the fine-grained description of legal genres and accounts of associated legal literacy practices. Much of this work has been carried out in the academic context, focusing especially on genres encountered by undergraduate law students. The range of genres which must…

Hafner, Christoph A.

2010-01-01

447

Conceptions of text and textuality: Critical perspectives in literary theory from structuralism to poststructuralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

In attempting to explain the relationship between reader and text, theorists have alternated focus upon either the reader or the text, to clarify and validate perspectives on epistemological problems of hermeneutics—or interpretation—as the logical culmination of the reading act. Beyond facilitating comprehension, the essence of teaching reading in language education is the determination of cross-cultural aspects of communication and language

Peter Trifonas

1993-01-01

448

The power of words: Enhancing music mood estimation with textual input of lyrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Music mood estimation (MME) is a key technology in mood-based music recommendation. While mainstream MME research nowadays relies on audio music analysis, exploring the significance of lyrics text in predicting song emotion is gaining attention in recent years. One major impediment to MME research is the lack of a clearly labeled and publicly available dataset annotating the emotion ratings of

Chung-Yi Chi; Ying-Shian Wu; Wei-rong Chu; D. C. Wu; J. Y.-j. Hsu; R. T.-H. Tsai

2009-01-01

449

The textual characteristics of traditional and Open Access scientific journals are similar  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen an increased amount of natural language processing (NLP) work on full text biomedical journal publications. Much of this work is done with Open Access journal articles. Such work assumes that Open Access articles are representative of biomedical publications in general and that methods developed for analysis of Open Access full text publications will generalize to

Karin Verspoor; K. Bretonnel Cohen; Lawrence Hunter

2009-01-01

450

Secret Sins of the Orient: Creating a (Homo)Textual Context for Reading Byron's "The Giaour."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the way sexual excesses inscribed in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Oriental discourses served to open up "queer" spaces in Romantic literature, while analyzing the degree to which the master narrative of British colonial domination was in part dependent on narratives of the sexual degeneracy of the Other. Focuses on Byron's "The…

Schneider, Jeffrey L.

2002-01-01

451

Reading and Seeing Themselves: Boys of Color and Textual (Non-)Connection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The discourse on multicultural literature has focused on providing children of color opportunities to "see themselves" in the texts they read. Since the 1920s, advocates like W.E.B. DuBois have stressed that "visibility" in literature fosters positive psychological development among underrepresented groups of children, in addition to promoting…

Sciurba, Katie

2011-01-01

452

PicAChoo: a tool for customizable feature extraction utilizing characteristics of textual data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although documents have hundreds of thousands of unique words, only a small number of words are significantly useful for intelligent services. For this reason, feature extraction has become an important issue to be addressed in various fields, such as information retrieval, text mining, pattern recognition, etc. Numerous supporting tools for feature extraction are available, but most of them deal with

Jaeseok Myung; Jung-yeon Yang; Sang-goo Lee

2009-01-01

453

Exploring a Methodology for Tracing Spatial, Social and Textual Networks through Neighbourhoods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, currently in progress, is concerned with the circulation of knowledge, practice and objects related to parenting through three contrasting neighbourhoods. This project is motivated by a desire to better understand how parents in different circumstances access, share and produce knowledge about children's learning and development. We are considering the impact of affordances provided by the spatial and social

Sue Nichols; Helen Nixon; Sophia Rainbird; Jennifer Rowsell

454

Photos as Narratives, Photos with Narratives: Alternate Textualities, Minority Histories and  

Microsoft Academic Search

The photograph professing to be a mechanical analogue of reality, its first-order message in some sort completely fills its substance and leaves no place for the development of a second order message. Of all the structures of information, the photograph appears as the only one that is exclusively constituted and occupied by the 'denotated' message, a message which totally exhausts

Indian Historiography

455

Unifying Content and Context Similarities of the Textual and Visual Information in an Image Clustering Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has been a challenging problem and its performance relies on the efficiency in modeling the underlying content and the similarity\\u000a measure between the query and the retrieved images. Most existing metrics evaluate pairwise image similarity based only on\\u000a image content, which is denoted as content similarity. However, other schemes utilize the annotations and the surrounding\\u000a text

Bashar Tahayna; Saadat M. Alhashmi; Mohammed Belkhatir; Khaled Abbas; Yandan Wang

2010-01-01

456

Contracted forms in newspaper language: Inter and intra-textual variation  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last few decades, contracted forms have been studied by scholars with different aims. Some have focussed on grammatical and register-related factors, conditioning the use of contractions in corpora of spoken and written British English (Black 1977, Forsheden 1983, Hiller 1984, Kjellmer 1995); others, within the framework of generative syntax, have concentrated on 'knock-out' factors, blocking contraction of auxiliaries

Margareta Westergren Axelsson

457

How incipient colonies create territory: the textual surveys of New Spain, 1520s–1620s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of colonial surveying and cartography has become key to understanding the history of European colonialism because of the recognition that land surveys and maps not only represent territory but form part of the process through which territory comes into being. While many studies have therefore focused on the history of instrumental surveying and cartography in New Spain, roughly

Richard Hunter; Andrew Sluyter

2011-01-01

458

Content-based retrieval of historical Ottoman documents stored as textual images  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an accelerating demand to access the visual content of docu- ments stored in historical and cultural archives. Availability of electronic imaging tools and efiective image processing techniques makes it feasible to process the multimedia data in large databases. In this paper, a frame- work for content-based retrieval of historical documents in the Ottoman Empire archives is presented. The

Ediz Saykol; Ali Kemal Sinop; Ugur Güdükbay; Özgür Ulusoy; A. Enis Çetin

2004-01-01

459

Textual and Redactional Aspects of the Book of Dreams (1 Enoch 83–90)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The redactor of 1 Enoch 83–90 brings together two very distinct Enochian traditions: the Flood Vision and the Animal Apocalypse. Although each tradition reflects a social reaction to the threat of hellenization in the second century BCE, they offer radically different social constructions of the eschatological role of insiders and outsiders; presenting in the Flood Vision a spatial apocalyptic perspective

Philip L. Tite

2001-01-01

460

[Sick bodies textualized through images: what contemporary intensive care units can teach us].  

PubMed

This paper belongs to a dissertation in which, what we have call "nursing worker cyborgizing" in intensive therapy is discussed. In order to carry out this discussion we based our work on cultural theorizing, as well as on Donna Haraway understanding of cyborg. For the corpses analysis manuals and assistance protocols were used. The methodological approach used in this work is the cultural analysis, as it has been used in the Poststructuralist Cultural Studies, in order to describe and analyze the production of images of sick bodies and its decoding process through a complex monitoring system in which sick bodies, machines and nursing practitioners, connect in different ways and effects. We have concluded that it is useful and relevant to consider and discuss these instances of production and diffusion of meanings attributed to the body, life, and the Nursing care. PMID:14692283

Vargas, Mara Ambrosina de Oliveira; Meyer, Dagmar Estermann

461

Textual Concept Critical Analysis: Toward a Research Approach for Language Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When the International Society for Language Studies (ISLS) was founded in 2002 and the journal that is now "Critical Inquiry in Language Studies (CILS)" was in the planning stages, we recognized a need for an interdisciplinary, or perhaps even transdisciplinary (see Kaufman, Moss, & Osborn, 2003), venue for the publication of research on language…

Osborn, Terry A.; Reagan, Timothy G.; Freiberg, Jo Ann

2011-01-01

462

Reciprocal authorities in communal writing assessment: Constructing textual value within a “New politics of inquiry”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on established methods of interpretive research in composition, this article provides a two-level analysis of the portfolio program at a large, urban, Midwestern university. At the first level, this study details the three major forms of evaluative authority in the program and the distinct types of expertise and knowledge on which each form of authority is based. Administrators' evaluative

Bob Broad

1997-01-01

463

A Textual Dialogue Management System for Internet Chatting Over Virtual Agents Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we give a smart procedure to manage the chatting dialogues among multiple agents in virtual space. The framework of our virtual chatting system is quite different from current virtual communicating systems, since our system is totally unified to facilitate the chatting by exploiting the spatial relationship information of chatting agents. We propose a novel data structure, Chatting

Soo-Hyun Park; Seung-Hyun Ji; Dong-Sung Ryu; Hwan-Gue Cho

2008-01-01

464

An Intelligent System for Semantic Information Retrieval Information from Textual Web Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text data, which are represented as free text in World Wide Web (WWW), are inherently unstructured and hence it becomes difficult\\u000a to directly process the text data by computer programs. There has been great interest in text mining techniques recently for\\u000a helping users to quickly gain knowledge from the Web. Text mining technologies usually involve tasks such as text refining

Mukundan Karthik; Mariappan Marikkannan; Arputharaj Kannan

2008-01-01

465

"Small Bits of Textual Material": A Discourse Analysis of Swales' Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite his considerable influence on the development of ESP and all our professional lives, almost nothing has been written about John Swales' distinctive prose style. Based on a 340,000 word corpus comprising 14 single-authored papers and most chapters from his three main books, this paper sets out to identify the main features of this style.…

Hyland, Ken

2008-01-01

466

Textual Authority in Bram Stoker's Dracula; or, What's Really at Stake in Action Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous issue of Educational Action Research, Jean?Claude Couture revisited his involvement in a university action research project with particular reference to his complicity in – and, eventually, resistance to – working for the interests of the university. In his essay, entitled ‘Dracula as action researcher’. Couture uses the 1992 movie, Bram Stoker's Dracula, as a source of metaphors

Noel Gough

1996-01-01

467

Textual discourses and behavior criterion: The historiographic significance of Tibetan biographies of the religious figures  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the perspective of historical anthropology, this article examines a great deal of the biographies of religious figures\\u000a in Tibetan history, reveals their special way of writing, classification, and circulation. In Tibetan Buddhism, biographies\\u000a of religious figures are considered as a subject’s demise (lung-rgyun) and have their special meanings. They are the text\\u000a of the largest quantity in the historical

Lin Sun

2008-01-01

468

Exploring Campus Intolerance: A Textual Analysis of Comments Concerning Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research has highlighted some of the problems faced by lesbian, gay, and bisexual college students. This study examined attitudes of faculty, staff, and students regarding lesbian, gay, and bisexual issues at a large public research university. Of the 1,952 faculty and staff who returned a survey on issues related to sexual orientation,…

LaSalle, Linda A.

469

Developing the Textual Turn: Tracking the Grammar of Research Case Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During action research projects a great deal of written material is produced. Some of this is data generated about the project, some about the process of the research and some is reflective writing about the researcher(s). In this article I propose that a deliberate focus on the tracking of texts might be helpful in action research, particularly…

Thomson, Pat

2005-01-01

470

Embodied Knowledge: The Textual Representation of Embodied Sensory Information in a Dynamic and Uncertain Material Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the specific problems of roof support in coal mines to construct a theoretical framework that describes how texts represent information that is embodied, sensory, and uncertain. Raises ethical questions about (1) textbook notions of instructions as systematic procedures designed to produce predictable outcomes; (2) limits of particular…

Sauer, Beverly

1998-01-01

471

Transferring Hardcopy Software User Manuals To Online: Considerations for Editing the Textual and Visual  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on an issue which many technical communicators are faced with today-placing paper documents online. Though many technical communicators can find information on how to edit both paper and online documents, there is little or no information on how to edit paper documents for transfer to online. I analyse this editing process by first looking at P. Carlson's (1988) characteristics

Victoria Morgan Sharpe

1998-01-01

472

FISH Analysis for del6q21 and del17p13 in B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Iranians  

PubMed Central

Background B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia in the Western world. Major progress has been made in assessing typical chromosomal abnormalities and recognition of the correlation of these chromosomal abnormalities with laboratory features and clinical course of the disease. The most frequent genomic changes are deletions at 13q14, 11q22-23 and 17p13 and trisomy of chromosome 12. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in B-CLL patients’ peripheral blood and/or bone marrow using a molecular cytogenetic method, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) and to evaluate the correlation between these genomic changes and clinical findings. Patients and Methods I-FISH analyses were performed on bone marrow and blood samples of 66 B-CLL patients. Results Deletion of 17p13 was found in 11 (16.6%) and deletion 6q21 was present in 5 (7.5%). Statistical analyses were performed to investigate the correlation of these molecular-cytogenetic findings with family history, Rai staging and CD38 marker. No clear differences in distribution was noted for del17p13 and del6q21 among patients with and without family history, and no direct correlation was noted between these genomic changes and CD38 marker, but the correlation of del17p13 and Rai stage was significant. There was a high frequency of Rai stage II within del17p13 patients. Conclusions It was demonstrated that the presence of del6q21 in B-CLL patients indicates poor prognosis and on the contrary, presence of del17p13 points at the good prognostic value of the disease.

Teimori, Hossein; Ashoori, Saeede; Akbari, Mohamad Taghi; Mojtabavi Naeini, Marjan; Hashemzade Chaleshtori, Morteza

2013-01-01

473

33 CFR 162.35 - Channel of Christina River, Del.; navigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Christina River, Del.; navigation. (a) That vessels of over 20 tons capacity, propelled by machinery, shall not proceed at any time within the limits of these waters at a greater speed than 8 statute miles per...

2013-07-01

474

Intestinal Parasites of Man in Agusan del Norte, Philippines with Emphasis on Schistosomiasis and Capillariasis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 1,920 fecal specimens from residents of seven villages in Agusan del Norte Province, Mindanao, Philippines were examined for schistosomes and common intestinal parasites. Schistosoma japonicum eggs were found in 14% of the samples. Infections i...

W. P. Carney R. Nocun A. G. Vergel I. Pagaran A. Mercado

1987-01-01

475

Notes on the Geochemical Survey in Zamboanga Del Norte - Misamis Occidental, Mindanao, Philippines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Stream sediment and panned heavy mineral surveys were conducted in Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental provinces in northwestern Mindanao. A total of 70 stream sediments and 64 panned heavy mineral concentrates were obtained along active streams dr...

G. Santos J. E. Seguis L. Carino P. Escalada L. Antonio

1983-01-01

476

Del Bueno Amends Recall of Queso Fresco Cheese Because of Possible Health Risk  

NASA Website

Del Bueno of Grandview, WA is recalling all size packages of Queso Fresco Fresh Cheese because it has the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, ...

477

Elementos para una reforma del sector público en el contexto de una economía de mercado  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se propone un conjunto de elementos básicos que deben ser considerados para el diseño de cualquier estrategia de reforma del sector público en el Perú, abordando cuestiones de carácter económico, social, político y de organización institucional.

Claudio Herzka

1996-01-01

478

Geostatistical investigations of rock masses. The Sierra del Medio Case (Argentina).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The geostatistical tehniques applied for the selection of a minimun fracturation volume in Sierra del Medio allow to quantify and qualify the variability of mechanic characteristics and density of fracture and also the level of reliability in estimations....

J. A. Matar M. A. Sarquis J. P. Girardi G. H. Tabbia

1987-01-01

479

The Ecology and Distribution of Rock-Boring Pelecypods off Del Monte Beach, Monterey, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Divers using SCUBA gear gathered and identified rock-boring pelecypods found in the subtidal outcrops of Monterey silicious shale off Del Monte Beach, Monterey, California. Underwater photographs were taken of all the recognizable species present. A speci...

G. S. Booth

1972-01-01

480

Paso del Norte ozone study VOC measurements, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The results of VOC determinations of ambient air samples collected at surface air quality monitoring sites and near sources of interest on the US and Mexican side of the border during six weeks of the 1996 Paso del Norte Ozone Study are reported. Carbonyl samples were collected on DNPH impregnated cartridges at three surface sites and analyzed by HPLC to quantify 13, C-1 to C-8 species. Whole air samples were collected in electro-polished stainless steel canisters which were returned to laboratory for determination of C-2 to C-10+ hydrocarbons by cryogenic preconcentration capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (gc-fid). Several sources were sampled: rush hour traffic, propane-powered bus exhaust, automobile paint shop emissions, propane fuel, petroleum refinery, and industrial manufacturing site. Spatial and temporal characteristics of VOC species concentrations and compositions are presented. Overall surface TNMOC values ranged from 0.1 to 3.4 ppmC with the highest concentrations recorded in the morning at three vehicle-dominated sites, two in Cuidad Juarez and one in downtown El Paso. Toluene in El Paso samples and propane, which is used as a cooking and transportation fuel in Cuidad Juarez, were the most abundant hydrocarbons.

Seila, R.L.; Main, H.; Arriaga, J.L.; Martinez, G.V.; Ramadan, A.B.

1999-01-01

481

Paso del Norte ozone study VOC measurements, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The results of VOC determinations of ambient air samples collected at surface air quality monitoring sites and near sources of interest on the US and Mexican side of the border during six weeks of the 1996 Paso del Norte Ozone Study are reported. Carbonyl samples were collected on DNPH impregnated cartridges at three surface sites and analyzed by HPLC to quantify 13, C-1 to C-8 species. Whole air samples were collected in electro-polished stainless steel canisters which were returned to laboratory for determination of C-2 to C-10+ hydrocarbons by cryogenic preconcentration capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (gc-fid). Several sources were sampled: rush hour traffic, propane-powered bus exhaust, automobile paint shop emissions, propane fuel, petroleum refinery, and industrial manufacturing site. Spatial and temporal characteristics of VOC species concentrations and compositions are presented. Overall surface TNMOC values ranged from 0.1 to 3.4 ppmC with the highest concentrations recorded in the morning at three vehicle-dominated sites, two in Cuidad Juarez and one in downtown El Paso. Toluene in El Paso samples and propane, which is used as a cooking and transportation fuel in Cuidad Juarez, were the most abundant hydrocarbons.

Seila, R.L.; Main, H.; Arriaga, J.L.; Martinez, G.V.; Ramadan, A.B.

1999-11-01

482

``Campo del Cielo'' Meteorites: Astronomical Heritage and Cultural Colonialism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the province of Chaco, Argentina, there is a very unique dispersion of metallic meteorites called ``Campo del Cielo''. One of the meteoric fragments of this dispersion, the meteorite called ``El Chaco'', consisting of 37 tons, is the second heaviest in the world. These meteorites are of great importance to the worldview of the Moqoit, aboriginal people that inhabit this region. For the local Creole population the meteorites are also relevant, that's why they have being cited in numerous documents and reports since the colonial period. During the first months of 2012, two Argentine artists and the Artistic Director of the German contemporary art exhibition called dOCUMENTA (13) tried to move ``El Chaco'' meteorite to Germany in order to exhibit it as an artistic object. Due to the fact that moving the meteorite could have a negative impact according to the Moqoit cosmology and that they were not able to participate in the decision they begun a manifestation against the movement of El Chaco. The opposition made by aboriginal communities and experts in cultural astronomy was able to stop the transfer. The whole process and its impact on the local community have promoted a deep discussion about art, science and cultural colonialism. In this paper we aim to address this debate and its consequences. This will allow us to think about contemporary forms of colonialism that are hidden in many scientific and artistic projects. Furthermore, we aim to debate about the most effective ways of protecting astronomical heritage in the Third World.

López, Alejandro Martín; Altman, Agustina

2012-09-01

483

L’evolució del pensament escolar al Principat (1808-1845)  

Microsoft Academic Search

L’article analitza la implantació i el desenvolupament de l’ educació escolar a les primeres dècades del segle XIX a Catalunya, concretament des de l’arribada de les tropes napoleòniques el 1808 fins a la consolidació de la reforma liberal de 1845. S’hi realitza una anàlisi cronològica dels esdeveniments polítics, legals i culturals més importants, i s’aprofundeix en el pensament escolar d’aquesta

Jordi Monés i Pujol-Busquets

2007-01-01

484

NCI ofrece apoyo a quienes están necesitados después del huracane Katrina  

Cancer.gov

El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), parte de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH), está empeñado en ayudar a las miles de personas que han sido asoladas por los efectos del huracán Katrina. NCI está tratando de llegar a los públicos diversos para proporcionarles información relacionada con el cáncer que pueda ser compartida con exactitud y efectividad con quienes han sido afectados por el huracán.

485

CHEK2 1100delC mutation is frequent among Russian breast cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was aimed to assess the role of CHEK2 1100delC mutation in breast cancer (BC) predisposition in Russia. The 1100delC allele was detected in 14\\/660 (2.1%) unilateral BC cases and in 8\\/155 (5.2%) patients with the bilateral form of the disease, but only in 1\\/448 (0.2%) middle-aged control females and in none of 373 elderly tumor-free women. The obtained

Elena V. Chekmariova; Anna P. Sokolenko; Konstantin G. Buslov; Aglaya G. Iyevleva; Yulia M. Ulibina; Maxim E. Rozanov; Natalia V. Mitiushkina; Alexandr V. Togo; Dmitry E. Matsko; Dmitry A. Voskresenskiy; Oleg L. Chagunava; Peter Devilee; Cees Cornelisse; Vladimir F. Semiglazov; Evgeny N. Imyanitov

2006-01-01

486

La ceràmica de procedència sud-itàlica del Museu Episcopal de Vic  

Microsoft Academic Search

En aquest article s’estudien tretze vasos ceràmics procedents del sud d’Itàlia que formen part de la col·lecció de ceràmiques gregues, etrusques, falisques i sud-itàliques del Museu Episcopal de Vic (MEV). Es tracta d’un conjunt homogeni pel que fa a l’origen geogràfic, ja que tots els exemplars provenen de l’Apúlia preromana, avui regió de la Pulla. Els vasos abasten un ventall

2005-01-01

487

Aplicación del método SAC a líneas de Fe II en atmósferas extendidas de estrellas Be  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

En el presente trabajo hemos analizado las líneas de Fe II en emisión, para varios multipletes en el rango óptico, presentes en los espectros de un grupo de estrellas Be. Mediante la aplicación del método de curvas de autoabsorción (SAC), obtenemos una estimación del valor de los parámetros característicos de la región en la cual se forman dichas líneas, tales como temperatura de excitación, opacidad y dimensión.

Arias, M. L.; Zorec, J.; Cidale, L.; Morrell, N.; Friedjung, M.; Chauville, J.; Ballereau, D.

488

CÁLCULO DEL VOLUMEN ESPECÍFICO DE LÍQUIDOS PUROS CON ECUACIONES DE ESTADO CÚBICAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN. En este trabajo se presenta una revisión de los cambios que se han producido en los últimos años en las ecuaciones de estado cúbicas de más amplia aceptación y se hace un estudio comparativo del cálculo del volumen específico de once líquidos puros por medio de cinco ecuaciones cúbicas: Van der Waals, Redlich-Kwong, Soave-Redlich-Kwong, Peng-Robinson y Valderrama-Patel- Teja .

BIBIAN HOYOS

489

Breast tumors from CHEK2 1100delC-mutation carriers: genomic landscape and clinical implications  

PubMed Central

Introduction Checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) is a moderate penetrance breast cancer risk gene, whose truncating mutation 1100delC increases the risk about twofold. We investigated gene copy-number aberrations and gene-expression profiles that are typical for breast tumors of CHEK2 1100delC-mutation carriers. Methods In total, 126 breast tumor tissue specimens including 32 samples from patients carrying CHEK2 1100delC were studied in array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and gene-expression (GEX) experiments. After dimensionality reduction with CGHregions R package, CHEK2 1100delC-associated regions in the aCGH data were detected by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. The linear model was fitted to GEX data with R package limma. Genes whose expression levels were associated with CHEK2 1100delC mutation were detected by the bayesian method. Results We discovered four lost and three gained CHEK2 1100delC-related loci. These include losses of 1p13.3-31.3, 8p21.1-2, 8p23.1-2, and 17p12-13.1 as well as gains of 12q13.11-3, 16p13.3, and 19p13.3. Twenty-eight genes located on these regions showed differential expression between CHEK2 1100delC and other tumors, nominating them as candidates for CHEK2 1100delC-associated tumor-progression drivers. These included CLCA1 on 1p22 as well as CALCOCO1, SBEM, and LRP1 on 12q13. Altogether, 188 genes were differentially expressed between CHEK2 1100delC and other tumors. Of these, 144 had elevated and 44, reduced expression levels. Our results suggest the WNT pathway as a driver of tumorigenesis in breast tumors of CHEK2 1100delC-mutation carriers and a role for the olfactory receptor protein family in cancer progression. Differences in the expression of the 188 CHEK2 1100delC-associated genes divided breast tumor samples from three independent datasets into two groups that differed in their relapse-free survival time. Conclusions We have shown that copy-number aberrations of certain genomic regions are associated with CHEK2 mutation 1100delC. On these regions, we identified potential drivers of CHEK2 1100delC-associated tumorigenesis, whose role in cancer progression is worth investigating. Furthermore, poorer survival related to the CHEK2 1100delC gene-expression signature highlights pathways that are likely to have a role in the development of metastatic disease in carriers of the CHEK2 1100delC mutation.

2011-01-01

490

PROPUESTAS DE ACTIVIDADES RECREATIVAS FÍSICAS PARA ELEVAR EL NIVEL DE PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS JÓVENES DEL CDR # 4 RENÉ ALMANZA DEL MUNICIPIO AMANCIO  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo investigativo realizado en la comunidad René Almanza Soto, del consejo popular 01 en Amancio, constituyó una gran experiencia ya que el objeto de la recreación física son indudablemente los gustos y preferencias recreativas de la población, a través de este método logramos incorporar gran parte de los habitantes a la realización de las actividades físicas recreativas que

Rosalba Mensoney Liben; Gerardo Sutherland Lemes

2010-01-01

491

LAS FLECHAS EN EL ARTE LEVANTINO: APORTACIONES DESDE EL ANÁLISIS DE LOS PROYECTILES DEL REGISTRO ARQUEOLÓGICO DEL RIU DE LES COVES (ALT MAESTRAT, CASTELLÓ )  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: En el presente trabajo se aborda el estudio de las flechas en el Arte Levantino a partir de su contrastación con los proyectiles en piedra tallada recuperados en los yacimientos meso- líticos y neolíticos más próximos a los abrigos pintados del núcleo de la Valltorta-Gasulla. El aná- lisis de las diferentes modalidades de representación y las distintas propuestas de

Javier FERNÁNDEZ LÓPEZ DE PABLO

492

Valoración Económica del Manejo Sustentable de la Calidad del Aire y de la Contaminación: Ejemplos de Experiencias, Implicaciones Políticas y Aplicabilidad en el Contexto de la Región  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta presentación fue comisionada por la Red de Medio Ambiente del Diálogo Regional de Política para la III Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 9 y 10 de marzo de 2004. Las ciudades de Latinoamérica tienen niveles altos de contaminación atmosférica, principalmente de material particulado. No hay duda de que la contaminación atmosférica produce efectos nocivos a altas concentraciones, pero la

Luis A. Cifuentes

2004-01-01

493

L'assimilació dels historicismes en l'arquitectura domèstica del segle XIX. De la dependència formal a la consecució d'un estil propi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aquí se pretende analizar la influencia de los diferentes historicismos en la arquitectura doméstica del siglo XIX a través de las diferentes capitales europeas. Así, se observa cómo la influencia de los estilos históricos, tan importante en la arquitectura oficial y representativa, se limita al uso de algunos elementos estilísticos concretos, pero sin llegar nunca a reproducciones completas de edificios

Joan Molet i Petit

2001-01-01

494

Identification of novel mutations in the ABCA12 gene, c.1857delA and c.5653-5655delTAT, causing harlequin ichthyosis.  

PubMed

Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a severe autosomal recessive developmental disorder of the skin that is frequently but not always fatal in the first few days of life. In HI, mutations in both ABCA12 gene alleles must have a severe impact on protein function and most mutations are truncating. The presence of at least one nontruncating mutation (predicting a residual protein function) usually causes a less severe congenital ichthyosis (lamellar ichthyosis or congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma). Here we report on a girl with severe HI diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound at 33 5/7week gestation. Ultrasound findings included ectropion, eclabium, deformed nose, hands and feet, joint contractures, hyperechogenic amniotic fluid and polyhydramnion. After birth, palliative treatment was provided and she died on her first day of life. Sequence analysis of the ABCA12 gene identified two novel mutations, c.1857delA (predicting p.Lys619*) in exon 15 and c.5653-5655delTAT (predicting p.1885delTyr) in exon 37, each in heterozygous state. The c.5653-5655delTAT mutation is not truncating, but the deleted tyrosine at position 1885 is perfectly conserved among vertebrates and molecular studies evaluated the mutation as probably disease causing and damaging. PMID:24055722

Follmann, Johannes; Macchiella, Doris; Whybra, Catharina; Mildenberger, Eva; Poarangan, Cornelia; Zechner, Ulrich; Bartsch, Oliver

2013-09-20

495

Captura y Reconfiguración Cooptada del Estado en Guatemala, México y Colombia Análisis conceptual de las memorias de la Primera Discusión Internacional Sobre Captura y Reconfiguración Cooptada del Estado  

Microsoft Academic Search

La evidencia muestra que el narcotráfico es importante en el fortalecimiento de la corrupción de Guatemala, México y Colombia; por lo tanto, es problemático analizar de modo separado ambos fenómenos. Los hechos muestran también que las organizaciones narcotraficantes de los tres países han aprendido a regular la coerción del Estado. Este aprendizaje ha representado un salto que va desde la

Luis Jorge Garay-Salamanca; Isaac de León-Beltrán; Eduardo Salcedo-Albarán

2010-01-01

496

La red exterior de Puertos del Estado: Información oceanográfica en tiempo real. Puertos del Estado deep water network: Oceanographic information in real time  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In the last 20 years, Puertos del Estado has settled a complex marine monitoring system that allows the access to real time oceanographic and meteorological information. One of the networks in this system is the deep water network with buoys deployed at open sea. The access to this information is completely free through the web pages where users can

Marta Alfonso; José Damián López; Isabel Ruiz; Enrique Álvarez; Nuevas Tecnologías

497

Bidimensional spectroscopy of HR Del shell with GMOS-IFU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The slow and bright classical nova HR Del 1967 was observed in the optical using GEMINI-NORTH GMOS-IFU in 2002 with a spectral range from 0.4 ?m to 1 ?m, a resolution of ˜ 300 km/s, and spatial resolution of ˜ 0''.5. Line intensity maps were obtained for H? +[NII], [OIII] 5007, H? and helium lines. The shell showed a bipolar and clumped structure resembling the shell observed in 1998 (Harman and O'Brien 2003). The [OIII] 5007 map showed seven bright knots. Models of the central source, shell and knots spectra were performed using CLOUDY 94 (Ferland et al. 1998) and RA3D (Diaz 2001). Central source spectra were best fitted with a T_{eff} = 60000 K, log(g) = 6 and log(L_*) = 36.6 Rauch atmosphere model. Shell H-density law was modeled using a power law with ? parameter -1.2 and mass = 4.1 × 10^{-4} M_?. The knots spectra were fitted as gaussian condensations with ˜ 50000cm^{-3} peak H-density and ˜ 20000cm^{-3} average H-density. HeII 4686 emission was found in the knots. The HeII origin is atributted to projected emission from diffuse matter in front of the knots, hypothesis corroborated by about the same HeII intensity observed outside the knots. Physical parameters of the condensations were obtained from our analysis and helium abundances were recalculated. A peak density contrast N/N_S = 270 was found when compared to the medium outside the knots. Electron temperatures ˜ 9500 K, electron densities ˜ 20000cm^{-3} and helium number abundance ˜ 0.2 were derived. Our results showed a constant helium abundance within a narrow radius range which is consistent with impulsive ejection (Kato and Hachisu 1994).

Augusto, A.; Diaz, M.

2006-06-01

498

Predicting Nonspecific Ion Binding Using DelPhi  

PubMed Central

Ions are an important component of the cell and affect the corresponding biological macromolecules either via direct binding or as a screening ion cloud. Although some ion binding is highly specific and frequently associated with the function of the macromolecule, other ions bind to the protein surface nonspecifically, presumably because the electrostatic attraction is strong enough to immobilize them. Here, we test such a scenario and demonstrate that experimentally identified surface-bound ions are located at a potential that facilitates binding, which indicates that the major driving force is the electrostatics. Without taking into consideration geometrical factors and structural fluctuations, we show that ions tend to be bound onto the protein surface at positions with strong potential but with polarity opposite to that of the ion. This observation is used to develop a method that uses a DelPhi-calculated potential map in conjunction with an in-house-developed clustering algorithm to predict nonspecific ion-binding sites. Although this approach distinguishes only the polarity of the ions, and not their chemical nature, it can predict nonspecific binding of positively or negatively charged ions with acceptable accuracy. One can use the predictions in the Poisson-Boltzmann approach by placing explicit ions in the predicted positions, which in turn will reduce the magnitude of the local potential and extend the limits of the Poisson-Boltzmann equation. In addition, one can use this approach to place the desired number of ions before conducting molecular-dynamics simulations to neutralize the net charge of the protein, because it was shown to perform better than standard screened Coulomb canned routines, or to predict ion-binding sites in proteins. This latter is especially true for proteins that are involved in ion transport, because such ions are loosely bound and very difficult to detect experimentally.

Petukh, Marharyta; Zhenirovskyy, Maxim; Li, Chuan; Li, Lin; Wang, Lin; Alexov, Emil

2012-01-01

499

Las escuelas de secundaria en América Latina y el Caribe y la transición al mundo del trabajo  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este documento se analiza la organización de las escuelas secundarias en América Latina y el Caribe. Se tratan temas como son la provisión de escuelas para un conjunto estudiantil cada vez más heterogéneo y la triple función de preparar a los alumnos para la educación superior, formar ciudadanos serios y responsables y ofrecer cualquier tipo de formación que puedan

Claudio de Moura Castro; Martin Carnoy; Laurence Wolff

2000-01-01

500

Three primary malignancies related to BRCA mutation successively occurring in a BRCA1 185delAG mutation carrier  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 185delAG and 5382insC mutations in the BRCA1 gene and the 6174delT mutation in the BRCA2 gene (the Ashkenazi mutations) have been found to be significantly more common among Jews of eastern European ancestry (1 in 40, 2.5%) in comparison to the general population (1 in 800 to 1 in 300, 0.12–0.33%). Carriers of these mutations, especially the BRCA1 185delAG

Benjamin Piura; Alex Rabinovich; Ilana Yanai-Inbar

2001-01-01