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A new jadeitite jade locality (Sierra del Convento, Cuba): first report and some petrological and archeological implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new jadeitite jade locality has been discovered in the serpentinite-matrix subduction mélange of the Sierra del Convento\\u000a (eastern Cuba) in a context associated with tectonic blocks of garnet-epidote amphibolite, tonalitic–trondhjemitic epidote\\u000a gneiss, and blueschist. The mineral assemblages of jadeitite jade and jadeite rocks are varied and include combinations of\\u000a jadeite, omphacite, albite, paragonite, analcime, clinozoisite-epidote, apatite, phlogopite, phengite, chlorite,

Antonio García-Casco; A. Rodríguez Vega; J. Cárdenas Párraga; M. A. Iturralde-Vinent; C. Lázaro; I. Blanco Quintero; Y. Rojas Agramonte; A. Kröner; K. Núñez Cambra; G. Millán; R. L. Torres-Roldán; S. Carrasquilla



Quand une Indication Géographique devient un outil de promotion du développement Local : le cas du Chivito Criollo del Norte Neuquino en Argentine  

Microsoft Academic Search

La mise en place d’un projet de développement local, par la construction d’une Indication Géographique, est analysée à partir des apports de l’Economie des Conventions. La conformation d’un comité de promotion d’une Denominación de Origen pour Chivito Criollo del Norte Neuquino est considérée comme l´émergence d’une convention de coopération servant à formaliser et légaliser les conventions d’effort et de qualification

Marcelo Champredonde; Marcelo Perez Centeno



Combinación de colgajos locales y libre microvascularizado para reconstrucción del tercio facial inferior tras traumatismo por arma de fuego  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gunshot wounds to the maxillofacial region are a challenging problem for the surgeon responsible for reconstruction. The essential difference with respect to other injuries is the severity of the lesion and soft and hard tissue loss. Extensive literature exists on facial reconstruction following tumor extirpation, but there are few reports on the use of local flaps and free tissue transfer

Laura Villanueva-Alcojol; Damián Manzano Solo De Zaldivar; Raúl González-García; David González Ballester; Isidoro Rubio Correa; Cristina Hernández Vila; Luis Ruiz Laza; Carlos Moreno García; Florencio Monje



Microsoft Academic Search

Se evaluaron 51 especies de plantas del estado de Oaxaca, México; 39 como extractos acuosos al 5 y 15% y 21 al 25%, y como extractos acetónicos tres especies con cinco dosis (0.1, 0.01, 0.001, 0.0001 y 0.00001%). Además de ocho aceites vegetales a tres dosis (0.1, 0.01 y 0.001%) y 11 esencias vegetales comerciales con cuatro dosis (0.1, 0.01,




Microsoft Academic Search

Sommario Si propone un modello di previsione della corrugazi one di binari ferroviari, comprensivo dell'effetto dello scorrimento laterale. Con dati sperimentali in Lett eratura per tipici binari inglesi, si studiano poss ibili cause per l'enigma del forte aumento dei problemi di corrugaz ione segnalato da British Rail nel cambio dalle tra versine in legno a quelle in cemento, avvenuto durante

L. Afferrante; M. Ciavarella


El regnat dels últims anys de Jaume II de Mallorca (1298-1311): iniciatives de la monarquia en el comer( i la indústria local  

Microsoft Academic Search

King James II of Majorca started some economical reforms at the beginning of the 14th century in order to increase richness and make the kingdom stronger in front of other much more powerful Meditarranean Countries. From 1300 onwards, he took some initiatives as for the Balearic industry and commerce that had quite different results. Whereas his attempt to modernize local

Luis Tudela Villalonga



Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer

El Atlas del Genoma del Cáncer es una iniciativa de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud (NIH) para crear mapas multidimensionales completos de los cambios genómicos clave en los tipos y subtipos principales de cáncer.


Making COD statistics useful for public health at local level in the city of Cape Town: utilidad para la salud p?blica a nivel local en Ciudad del Cabo.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To review the quality of the coding of the cause of death (COD) statistics and assess the mortality information needs of the City of Cape Town. METHODS: Using an action research approach, a study was set up to investigate the quality of COD information, the accuracy of COD coding and consistency of coding practices in the larger health subdistricts. Mortality information needs and the best way of presenting the statistics to assist health managers were explored. FINDINGS: Useful information was contained in 75% of death certificates, but nearly 60% had only a single cause certified; 55% of forms were coded accurately. Disagreement was mainly because routine coders coded the immediate instead of the underlying COD. An abridged classification of COD, based on causes of public health importance, prevalent causes and selected combinations of diseases was implemented with training on underlying cause. Analysis of the 2001 data identified the leading causes of death and premature mortality and illustrated striking differences in the disease burden and profile between health subdistricts. CONCLUSION: Action research is particularly useful for improving information systems and revealed the need to standardize the coding practice to identify underlying cause. The specificity of the full ICD classification is beyond the level of detail on the death certificates currently available. An abridged classification for coding provides a practical tool appropriate for local level public health surveillance. Attention to the presentation of COD statistics is important to enable the data to inform decision-makers.

Bradshaw, Debbie; Groenewald, Pamela; Bourne, David E.; Mahomed, Hassan; Nojilana, Beatrice; Daniels, Johan; Nixon, Jo



DelPhi: a comprehensive suite for DelPhi software and associated resources  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate modeling of electrostatic potential and corresponding energies becomes increasingly important for understanding properties of biological macromolecules and their complexes. However, this is not an easy task due to the irregular shape of biological entities and the presence of water and mobile ions. Results Here we report a comprehensive suite for the well-known Poisson-Boltzmann solver, DelPhi, enriched with additional features to facilitate DelPhi usage. The suite allows for easy download of both DelPhi executable files and source code along with a makefile for local installations. The users can obtain the DelPhi manual and parameter files required for the corresponding investigation. Non-experienced researchers can download examples containing all necessary data to carry out DelPhi runs on a set of selected examples illustrating various DelPhi features and demonstrating DelPhi’s accuracy against analytical solutions. Conclusions DelPhi suite offers not only the DelPhi executable and sources files, examples and parameter files, but also provides links to third party developed resources either utilizing DelPhi or providing plugins for DelPhi. In addition, the users and developers are offered a forum to share ideas, resolve issues, report bugs and seek help with respect to the DelPhi package. The resource is available free of charge for academic users from URL:



Local formularies  

PubMed Central

The widespread availability of authoritative guidance on prescribing from a wide variety of international and national bodies calls into question the need for additional local formulary advice. This article describes contemporary local formulary management in the United Kingdom and discusses the areas where local decision making remains valuable. Local formularies can fulfil important roles which justify their continued existence, including ensuring local ownership and acceptance of advice, rapid dissemination of information, responsiveness to local circumstances and service design, sensitivity to local pricing arrangements and close professional links with commissioners, pharmacists and prescribers.

Reynolds, D John M; Fajemisin, Olubunmi; Wilds, Sara



Local Dcpos, Local Cpos and Local Completions  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractWe use a subfamily of the Scott-closed sets of a poset to form a local completionof the poset. This is simultaneously a topological analogue of the ideal completionof a poset and a generalization of the sobrication of a topological space. After weshow that our construction is the object level of a left adjoint to the forgetful functorfrom the category of

Michael W. Mislove



Políticas del sitio web

En el sitio web del NCI se proporcionan enlaces a otros sitios web con fines informativos y para conveniencia del público. Si el usuario selecciona un sitio web externo, saldrá del sitio web del NCI y estará sujeto a las políticas de privacidad y seguridad de dicho sitio.


Local Pragmatics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The outline of a unified theory of local pragmatics phenomena is presented including an approach to the problems of reference resolution, metonymy, and interpreting nominal compounds. The TACITUS computer system embodying this theory is also described. Th...

P. Martin S. J. Hobbs



Evaluación de elementos estructurales del hábitat del borrego cimarrón en la Sierra del Mechudo, Baja California Sur, México  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitat lost and fragmentation can result in an isolated and local extinction risk for small populations like Ovis canadensis weemsi Goldman, 1937, in Sierra del Mechudo, Baja California Sur, Mexico. That is why it is important to evaluate the relationship between species and their habitat in order to design management and conservation plans. The object of this study was to

Sergio Alvarez-Cárdenas; Patricia Galina-Tessaro; Sara Díaz-Castro; Israel Guerrero-Cárdenas; Aradit Castellanos-Vera; Erika Mesa-Zavala


Local Harvest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource helps consumers find locally grown organic produce and helps small farmers market to their local communities. Intended for green consumers, the site is also an interesting tool for educators and students interested in the mechanism behind sustainable consumption, especially agriculture. A collaboration between Community Alliance with Family Farmers (a group of farmers on California's central coast) and Ocean Group, the site is searchable by zipcode, crops/ products, state, farm name, or description. The site's database includes Farmers Markets, U-Pick farms, Farm Stands, Meat/ Dairy/ Egg Producers, and CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) operations with regular delivery of seasonal produce to local depots. A small collection of links to articles and related sites fills out the resource.



La virtualización del cuerpo a través del \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hablar de un cuerpo virtualizado es hablar de su problematización y consecuente actualización, una de las principales consecuencias de este proceso de transfiguración del cuerpo estaría marcada por una adjudicación actualizada de un cambio. El cuerpo es simultáneamente un cuerpo-materia prima, modelo físico para la conversión óptico-iconográfica digital, y un cuerpo interfaz, que permite el acceso a la morfogénesis del

Eduardo Castro Pinzón; José Luis Troncoso



Dinámica del Desempeño Académico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo se ocupa del progreso, luego del ingreso, de los estudiantes de la cohorte 2000 de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Si bien hay antecedentes de medición del rendimiento de los estudiantes de la Facultad y sus factores explicativos, se trata de estudios realizados en base a encuestas a alumnos regulares en

Luciano Di Gresia; Alberto Porto



Local hyperdynamics.  


We present a new formulation of the hyperdynamics method in which the biasing effect is local, making it suitable for large systems. In standard hyperdynamics, the requirement that the bias potential be zero everywhere on the dividing surface bounding the state has the consequence that as the system size increases the boost factor decays to unity, regardless of the form of the bias potential. In the new method, the bias force on each atom is obtained by differentiating a local bias energy that depends only on the coordinates of atoms within a finite range of this atom. This bias force is thus independent of the bias force in distant parts of the system, providing a method that gives a constant boost factor, independent of the system size. We demonstrate for some realistic atomistic systems that the method gives escape rates in excellent agreement with direct molecular dynamics simulations. PMID:24116606

Kim, Soo Young; Perez, Danny; Voter, Arthur F



Local Hyperdynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new formulation of the hyperdynamics method in which the biasing effect is local, making it suitable for large systems. In standard hyperdynamics, the requirement that the bias potential be zero everywhere on the dividing surface bounding the state has the consequence that for large systems the boost factor decays to unity, regardless of the form of the bias potential. In the new method, the bias force on each atom is obtained by differentiating a local bias energy that depends only on the coordinates of atoms within a finite range D of this atom. This bias force is thus independent of the bias force in distant parts of the system, providing a method that gives a constant boost factor, independent of the system size. Although the resulting dynamics are no longer conservative, we show that for a homogeneous system (all atoms equivalent) using a simplifed bond-boost bias potential, the bias forces in any local region are equivalent to those in a system accelerated by a specific boost factor, except for additional error forces that balance in a time average. We also argue that even for inhomogeneous systems, the errors relative to an exactly accelerated dynamics should should decay roughly as 1/D. We demonstrate for some realistic atomistic systems that the method gives escape rates in excellent agreement with direct molecular dynamics simulations.

Voter, Arthur



Quantum Locality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is argued that while quantum mechanics contains nonlocal or entangled states, the instantaneous or nonlocal influences sometimes thought to be present due to violations of Bell inequalities in fact arise from mistaken attempts to apply classical concepts and introduce probabilities in a manner inconsistent with the Hilbert space structure of standard quantum mechanics. Instead, Einstein locality is a valid quantum principle: objective properties of individual quantum systems do not change when something is done to another noninteracting system. There is no reason to suspect any conflict between quantum theory and special relativity.

Griffiths, Robert B.



Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 07-20-2010

El doctor Harold Varmus, acompañado de su esposa Constance Casey (centro), presta juramento como director del NCI ante la Secretaria del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos, Kathleen Sebelius, el lunes 12 de julio. (Foto cortesía de Chris Smith) El 12 de julio, el doctor Harold Varmus prestó juramento ante la Secretaria del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos, Kathleen Sebelios, como el decimocuarto director del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer.


El pronóstico del cáncer

Hoja informativa sobre la predicción de resultados y recuperación de una enfermedad, y sobre cómo las estadísticas ayudan a los médicos a hacer una estimación del pronóstico de un paciente con cáncer.


Il problema del litio.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: 1. Introduzione. 2. La nucleosintesi del Big Bang. 3. Il litio nelle stelle di popolazione II. 4. I modelli stellari standard. 5. Il litio negli ammassi aperti. 6. Meccanismi di distruzione "non standard". 7. I modelli non-standard applicati alla popolazione II. 8. L'evoluzione Galattica del litio. 9. Quali stelle producono litio? 10. Il litio come elemento chiave per dare un nome agli oggetti stellari più minuscoli. 11. Conclusioni.

D'Antona, F.



Fisiopatología del estreñimiento  

Microsoft Academic Search

ResumenEl estreñimiento es un trastorno extremadamente frecuente en la infancia, responsable de hasta el 25% de todas las consultas gastroenterológicas pediátricas y el 3% de todas las consultas pediátricas ambulatorias. En el 90% de los casos el origen del trastorno es funcional y sólo en un 10% existe un problema orgánico subyacente. Entre las causas orgánicas corrientes del estreñimiento infantil

Peter J. Milla



The leukocyte integrin antagonist Del-1 inhibits IL-17-mediated inflammatory bone loss  

PubMed Central

Aging is linked to increased susceptibility to chronic inflammatory diseases several of which, including periodontitis, involve neutrophil-mediated tissue injury. Here, we found that aging-associated periodontitis was accompanied by diminished expression of Del-1 (EDIL3), an endogenous inhibitor of LFA-1 integrin-dependent neutrophil adhesion, and by a reciprocal increase in IL-17 expression. Consistently, IL-17 inhibited gingival endothelial cell expression of Del-1, thereby promoting LFA-1-dependent neutrophil recruitment. Young Del-1-deficient mice developed spontaneous periodontitis featuring excessive neutrophil infiltration and IL-17 expression; disease was prevented in Del-1–LFA-1 and Del-1–IL-17 receptor double-deficient mice. Locally administered Del-1 inhibited IL-17 production, neutrophil accumulation, and bone loss. Therefore, Del-1 suppresses LFA-1-dependent neutrophil recruitment and IL-17-triggered inflammatory pathology and may thus be a promising therapeutic for inflammatory diseases.

Eskan, Mehmet A.; Jotwani, Ravi; Abe, Toshiharu; Chmelar, Jindrich; Lim, Jong-Hyung; Liang, Shuang; Ciero, Paul A.; Krauss, Jennifer L.; Li, Fenge; Rauner, Martina; Hofbauer, Lorenz C.; Choi, Eun Young; Chung, Kyoung-Jin; Hashim, Ahmed; Curtis, Michael A.; Chavakis, Triantafyllos; Hajishengallis, George



Medical Ethnobotany of the Teribes of Bocas del Toro, Panama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnomedical uses of 108 medicinal plant species, belonging to 52 families, 89 genera, used by the Teribe Amerindians of Bocas del Toro Province in Panama, along with their socio-cultural practices are reported here. The methods of administration of the herbal remedies, the plant parts used, their families and local names are also documented. The recorded medicinal plants were used mainly

M. P. Gupta; P. N. Solís; A. I. Calderón; F. Guinneau-Sinclair; M. Correa; C. Galdames; C. Guerra; A. Espinosa; G. I. Alvenda; G. Robles; R. Ocampo



Characteristics of program localities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term “locality” has been used to denote that subset of a program's segments which are referenced during a particular phase of its execution. A program's behavior can be characterized in terms of its residence in localities of various sizes and lifetimes, and the transitions between these localities. In this paper the concept of a locality is made more explicit

A. Wayne Madison; Alan P. Batson



Locality phase prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

As computer memory hierarchy becomes adaptive, its performance increasingly depends on forecasting the dynamic program locality. This paper presents a method that predicts the locality phases of a program by a combination of locality profiling and run-time prediction. By profiling a training input, it identifies locality phases by sifting through all accesses to all data elements using variable-distance sampling, wavelet

Xipeng Shen; Yutao Zhong; Chen Ding



Robust Localization from Incomplete Local Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the problem of localizing wireless devices in an ad-hoc network embedded in a d-dimensional Euclidean space. Obtaining a good estimation of where wireless devices are located is crucial in wireless network applications including environment monitoring, geographic routing and topology control. When the positions of the devices are unknown and only local distance information is given, we need to

Amin Karbasi; Sewoong Oh



Control del cáncer y salud mundial: noticia del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI)

En combinación con una reunión de alto nivel de las Naciones Unidas sobre enfermedades no transmisibles en países en vías de desarrollo, el doctor Harold Varmus, director del NCI, y el doctor Ted L. Trimble, del NCI, han publicado un comentario en Science Translational Medicine sobre “La integración del control del cáncer en la salud mundial" (Integrating Cancer Control into Global Health).


Novel WDR72 Mutation and Cytoplasmic Localization  

PubMed Central

The proven candidate genes for amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) are AMELX, ENAM, MMP20, KLK4, FAM83H, and WDR72. We performed mutation analyses on seven families with hypomaturation AI. A novel WDR72 dinucleotide deletion mutation (g.57,426_57,427delAT; c.1467_ 1468delAT; p.V491fsX497) was identified in both alleles of probands from Mexico and Turkey. Haplotype analyses showed that the mutations arose independently in the two families. The disease perfectly segregated with the genotype. Only persons with both copies of the mutant allele were affected. Their hypomineralized enamel suffered attrition and orange-brown staining following eruption. Expression of WDR72 fused to green fluorescent protein showed a cytoplasmic localization exclusively and was absent from the nucleus. We conclude that WDR72 is a cytoplasmic protein that is critical for dental enamel formation.

Lee, S.-K.; Seymen, F.; Lee, K.-E.; Kang, H.-Y.; Yildirim, M.; Bahar Tuna, E.; Gencay, K.; Hwang, Y.-H.; Nam, K.H.; De La Garza, R.J.; Hu, J.C.-C.; Simmer, J.P.; Kim, J.-W.



How local is the local field potential?  

PubMed Central

Summary Local field potentials (LFPs) are of growing importance in neurophysiological investigations. LFPs supplement action potential recordings by indexing activity relevant to EEG, MEG and hemodynamic (fMRI) signals. Recent reports suggest that LFPs reflect activity within very small domains of several hundred microns. We examined this conclusion by comparing LFP, current source density (CSD), and multiunit activity (MUA) signals in macaque auditory cortex. Estimated by frequency tuning bandwidths, these signals' “listening areas” differ systematically with an order of: MUA < CSD < LFP. Computational analyses confirm that observed LFPs receive non-local contributions. Direct measurements indicate passive spread of LFPs to sites more than a centimeter from their origins. These findings appear to be independent of the frequency content of the LFP. Our results challenge the idea that LFP recordings typically integrate over extremely circumscribed local domains. Rather, LFPs appear as a mixture of local potentials with “volume conducted” potentials from distant sites.

Kajikawa, Yoshinao; Schroeder, Charles E.



Temporal Non-locality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article I investigate several possibilities to define the concept of "temporal non-locality" within the standard framework of quantum theory. In particular, I analyze the notions of "temporally non-local states", "temporally non-local events" and "temporally non-local observables". The idea of temporally non-local events is already inherent in the standard formalism of quantum mechanics, and Basil Hiley recently defined an operator in order to measure the degree of such a temporal non-locality. The concept of temporally non-local states enters as soon as "clock-representing states" are introduced in the context of special and general relativity. It is discussed in which way temporally non-local measurements may find an interesting application for experiments which test temporal versions of Bell inequalities.

Filk, Thomas



Local Search Template.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A unifying framework for the many different types of local search algorithms in combinatorial optimization is proposed. A template that captures the majority of local search algorithms proposed in the literature, such as iterative improvement, simulated a...

R. J. M. Vaessens E. H. L. Aarts J. K. Lenstra



Local Roads Communication Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report studies the effectiveness of various outreach strategies with local units of government in the State of Wisconsin. The Wisconsin Department of Transportation prepared an outreach campaign in 2001 for a new state statute requiring local communit...

L. Shiman K. S. Smith



Localized Prostate Cancer  


... a decision aid for men with clinically localized prostate cancer (available at ... A Decision Aid for Men With Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer Page 1 of 24 Introduction Men with clinically ...


Local Anesthetic Toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective regional block is not possible without the use of local anesthetics. Even though local anesthetics have been used\\u000a for more than 115 years, details about balancing risks of their toxic effects with the benefits of their therapeutic effects\\u000a remain poorly focused for many clinicians. In this chapter, the most frequent toxic effect of local anesthetics — local anesthetic\\u000a systemic

David L. Brown


Localization and Translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Localization is the replacement of strings in the user interface with translated strings appropriate for the user’s locale.\\u000a Drupal is developed and used by an international community. Therefore, it supports localization by default, as well as offering\\u000a theming support for right-to-left languages such as Arabic and Hebrew. In this chapter, you’ll see how to enable localization\\u000a and how to use

John K. VanDyk


Quasi-localizations of ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by the categorical notion of localizations applied to the quasi-category of abelian groups, we call a homomorphism\\u000a ?: A ? B a quasi-localization of abelian groups if for each ? ? Hom(A,B) there is an n ? ? and a unique ? ? End(B) such that n? = ? ? ?. In this case we call B a quasi-localization

Joshua Buckner; Manfred Dugas



Positioning using local maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often useful to know the positions of nodes in a network. However, in a large network it is impractical to build a single global map. In this paper, we present a new approach for distributed localization called Positioning using Local Maps (PLM). Given a path between a starting node and a remote node we wish to localize, the

Yi Shang; Wheeler Ruml; Markus P. J. Fromherz



Refining Protein Subcellular Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of protein subcellular localization is important to elucidate protein function. Even in well-studied organisms such as yeast, experimental methods have not been able to provide a full coverage of localization. The development of bioinformatic predictors of localization can bridge this gap. We have created a Bayesian network predictor called PSLT2 that considers diverse protein characteristics, including the combinatorial

Michelle S. Scott; Sara J. Calafell; David Y. Thomas; Michael T. Hallett




Microsoft Academic Search

The present work discuss about the evaluation of the acute systemic toxicity post deletion of the LD50 test (median lethal dose). The three alternative animal tests now employed, the Fixed Dose Procedure, the Acute Toxic Class Method and the Up and Down Procedure, give rise to significant improvements in animal welfare. Although, the total replacement of animal tests it is

Marize C. Valadares


Localized Components Analysis  

PubMed Central

We introduce Localized Components Analysis (LoCA) for describing surface shape variation in an ensemble of biomedical objects using a linear subspace of spatially localized shape components. In contrast to earlier methods, LoCA optimizes explicitly for localized components and allows a flexible trade-off between localized and concise representations. Experiments comparing LoCA to a variety of competing shape representation methods on 2D and 3D shape ensembles establish the superior ability of LoCA to modulate the locality-conciseness trade-off and generate shape components corresponding to intuitive modes of shape variation. Our formulation of locality in terms of compatibility between pairs of surface points is shown to be flexible enough to enable spatially-localized shape descriptions with attractive higher-order properties such as spatial symmetry.

Alcantara, Dan; Carmichael, Owen; Delson, Eric; Harcourt-Smith, Will; Sterner, Kirsten; Frost, Stephen; Dutton, Rebecca; Thompson, Paul; Aizenstein, Howard; Lopez, Oscar; Becker, James; Amenta, Nina



Localization by bichromatic potentials versus Anderson localization  

SciTech Connect

The one-dimensional propagation of waves in a bichromatic potential may be modeled by the Aubry-Andre Hamiltonian. This, in turn, presents a localization transition that has been observed in recent experiments using ultracold atoms or light. It is shown here that, in contrast to the Anderson model, the localization mechanism has a classical origin, namely it is not due to a quantum suppression of a classically allowed transport process, but rather is produced by a trapping by the potential. Explicit comparisons with the Anderson model as well as with experiments are presented.

Albert, Mathias; Leboeuf, Patricio [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques, CNRS, Universite Paris Sud, UMR8626, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)



Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 02-02-2010

En un estudio clínico en fase inicial que probó una vacuna terapéutica en pacientes con leucemia mieloide crónica (LMC) que tomaban el fármaco imatinib (Gleevec), no se pudieron detectar células cancerosas en 7 de los 19 participantes por un tiempo promedio de 22 meses. Los resultados del estudio fueron publicados en el número del 1º de enero de la revista Clinical Cancer Research.


Local anesthetic systemic toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The practice of regional anesthesia has been revitalized of late with the popularization of ultrasound-guided techniques.\\u000a Advocates must be vigilant for the effects of unintentionally high blood levels of local anesthetic. Systemic local anesthetic\\u000a toxicity, though rare, is a potentially devastating occurrence. This narrative review summarizes the effects of local anesthetic\\u000a toxicity. We highlight how these toxic effects have motivated

Derek Dillane; Brendan T. Finucane



Fluorescence localization microscopy  

PubMed Central

Localization microscopy techniques are super-resolution fluorescence imaging methods based on the detection of individual molecules. Despite the relative simplicity of the microscope setups and the availability of commercial instruments, localization microscopy faces unique challenges. While achieving super-resolution is now routine, issues concerning data analysis and interpretation mean that revealing novel biological insights is not. Here, we outline why data analysis and the design of robust test samples may hold the key to harness the full potential of localization microscopy.

Owen, Dylan M.; Sauer, Markus; Gaus, Katharina



The Local Lesion Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viruses that cause economically important diseases spread systemically in the plant. However, in several laboratory test or\\u000a indicator plants, the virus after multiplying in several hundred cells around the point of entry, does not continue to spread\\u000a and remains in a local infection. Several types of local infections are known (Loebenstein et al. 1982): (a) self-limiting necrotic local lesions such

G. Loebenstein; F. Akad


Cáncer de cuello del útero o uterino

Información acerca del cáncer de cérvix (cervical o cuello uterino), lo cual incluye temas como tratamiento, prevención, causas, factores de riesgo, exámenes selectivos de detección, estudios clínicos y estadísticas del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer.


Decohering localized waves.  


In the absence of confinement, localization of waves takes place due to randomness or nonlinearity and relies on their phase coherence. We quantitatively probe the sensitivity of localized wave packets to random phase fluctuations and confirm the necessity of phase coherence for localization. Decoherence resulting from a dynamical random environment leads to diffusive spreading and destroys linear and nonlinear localization. We find that maximal spreading is achieved for optimal phase fluctuation characteristics, which is a consequence of the competition between diffusion due to decoherence and ballistic transport within the mean free path distance. PMID:23944532

Rayanov, Kristian; Radons, Günter; Flach, Sergej



Infused Local Anesthetics Information  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Infused Local Anesthetics (marketed as bupivacaine, chlorprocaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine, procaine and ropivacaine) [ARCHIVED] 11/13/2009 ... More results from


Decohering localized waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the absence of confinement, localization of waves takes place due to randomness or nonlinearity and relies on their phase coherence. We quantitatively probe the sensitivity of localized wave packets to random phase fluctuations and confirm the necessity of phase coherence for localization. Decoherence resulting from a dynamical random environment leads to diffusive spreading and destroys linear and nonlinear localization. We find that maximal spreading is achieved for optimal phase fluctuation characteristics, which is a consequence of the competition between diffusion due to decoherence and ballistic transport within the mean free path distance.

Rayanov, Kristian; Radons, Günter; Flach, Sergej




Microsoft Academic Search

En este trabajo se aborda el posible origen evolutivo del derecho como una consecuencia del desarrollo social de nuestra especie. Otras especies con sistemas sociales similares presentan varias reglas para la convivencia en grupo. Algunas de estas reglas son comunes en todas las especies con comportamiento social. El desarrollo de la sociobiología en las últimas décadas es una herramienta importante

Axel P. Retana-Salazar


Local anesthesia toxicity review  

Microsoft Academic Search

ocal anesthetics are used in the United States and throughout the world on a daily basis. These drugs are considered safe and effective for the management of pain control in a wide variety of clinical situations. Local anesthetic morbidity and mortality reports are unusual in modern clini- cal practice. Unfortunately, local anesthetic toxic reactions and overdoses still befall pediatric patients

Brent E. Virts



Continuous Local Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce CLS, for continuous local search, a class of polynomial-time checkable total functions that lies at the intersection of PPAD and PLS, and captures a particularly benign kind of local optimization in which the domain is continuous, as opposed to combinatorial, and the functions involved are continuous. We show that this class contains several well known intriguing problems which

Constantinos Daskalakis; Christos H. Papadimitriou



Distributed odor source localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an investigation of odor localization by groups of autonomous mobile robots. First, we describe a distributed algorithm by which groups of agents can solve the full odor localization task. Next, we establish that conducting polymer-based odor sensors possess the combination of speed and sensitivity necessary to enable real world odor plume tracing and we demonstrate that simple

Adam T. Hayes; Alcherio Martinoli; Rodney M. Goodman



Who Buys Local Food?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a national survey of food shoppers, a Lancaster-Weinstein model is estimated using probit analysis to investigate the characteristics of local food buyers. Because there is no standard for what “local food†is, consumer research is used to define the term fairly narrowly as buying from farmers’ markets, buying directly from farmers, and Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) membership.

Lydia Zepeda; Jinghan Li



Local Political Corruption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite growing preoccupation on the part of both the public and researchers with the concept of political corruption and the ‘corruption eruption’ phenomenon, research studies addressing corruption in local government are few and far between. This exploratory research offers a theoretical conceptualization of institutionalized corruption in local government, and identifies structural factors that lead to such corruption. Further, this study

Itai Beeri; Doron Navot



Marco polo localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the Marco Polo Localization approach, where we apply sound as a tool for gathering range measurements between robots, and use those to solve a range-only Simulta- neous Localization and Mapping problem. Range is calculated by correlating two recordings of the same sound, recorded on a pair of robots, after which the resulting time delay estimate is converted to

Eric Beowulf Martinson; Frank Dellaert



Authentication via Localized Names  

Microsoft Academic Search

We address the problem of message authentication using the -calculus, which has been given an operational seman- tics in (2) that provides each sequential process of a system with its own local space of names. We exploit here that se- mantics and its localized names to guarantee by construc- tion that a message has been generated by a given entity.

Chiara Bodei; Pierpaolo Degano; Riccardo Focardi; Corrado Priami



Localization of magnetic pills  

PubMed Central

Numerous therapeutics demonstrate optimal absorption or activity at specific sites in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Yet, safe, effective pill retention within a desired region of the GI remains an elusive goal. We report a safe, effective method for localizing magnetic pills. To ensure safety and efficacy, we monitor and regulate attractive forces between a magnetic pill and an external magnet, while visualizing internal dose motion in real time using biplanar videofluoroscopy. Real-time monitoring yields direct visual confirmation of localization completely noninvasively, providing a platform for investigating the therapeutic benefits imparted by localized oral delivery of new and existing drugs. Additionally, we report the in vitro measurements and calculations that enabled prediction of successful magnetic localization in the rat small intestines for 12 h. The designed system for predicting and achieving successful magnetic localization can readily be applied to any area of the GI tract within any species, including humans. The described system represents a significant step forward in the ability to localize magnetic pills safely and effectively anywhere within the GI tract. What our magnetic pill localization strategy adds to the state of the art, if used as an oral drug delivery system, is the ability to monitor the force exerted by the pill on the tissue and to locate the magnetic pill within the test subject all in real time. This advance ensures both safety and efficacy of magnetic localization during the potential oral administration of any magnetic pill-based delivery system.

Laulicht, Bryan; Gidmark, Nicholas J.; Tripathi, Anubhav; Mathiowitz, Edith



Local Feedback Multilayered Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the capabilities of local feedback multilayered networks, a particular class of recurrent networks, in which feedback connections are only allowed from neurons to themselves. In this class, learning can be accomplished by an algorithm that is local in both space and time. We describe the limits and properties of these networks and give some insights

Paolo Frasconi; Marco Gori; Giovanni Soda



Proximity and Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Torre A. and Rallet A. (2005) Proximity and localization, Regional Studies39, 47- 59. The objective of this paper is to pave the way for an analysis of the relations between proximity and localization of activities and people, two notions that are often mistaken for one another. Our method consists in exploiting the semantic wealth of the notion of proximity. We

Andre Torre; Alain Rallet



Local Power: Tribe & Township.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the service infrastructure of a rural township in South Africa and the struggle to acquire services like water and electricity. Discusses the interaction of a system of transitional local councils and tribal authorities in the face of local government elections. (LZ)|

Matlala, Padi; Moloi, Dudley



Anderson localized optical fibers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anderson localization has been a subject of fascination and intense research for more than fifty years. It is highly desirable to harness its curious and interesting properties in practical applications. We have taken a step in this direction by using this phenomenon as the wave guiding mechanism in optical fibers. We have shown, both experimentally and numerically, that for a moderate amount of disorder in optical fibers, transverse localization results in an effective propagating beam diameter that is comparable to that of a typical index-guiding optical fiber.1, 2 In this work, we investigate the effect of macro-bending on the localization properties in a disordered polymer optical fiber both experimentally and numerically. We show that macro-bending in ranges of practical interest does not significantly affect the beam propagation in Anderson localized fibers as long as the strong localization dominates the effect of bending.

Karbasi, Salman; Koch, Karl W.; Mafi, Arash



Explosion localization via infrasound.  


Two acoustic source localization techniques were applied to infrasonic data and their relative performance was assessed. The standard approach for low-frequency localization uses an ensemble of small arrays to separately estimate far-field source bearings, resulting in a solution from the various back azimuths. This method was compared to one developed by the authors that treats the smaller subarrays as a single, meta-array. In numerical simulation and a field experiment, the latter technique was found to provide improved localization precision everywhere in the vicinity of a 3-km-aperture meta-array, often by an order of magnitude. PMID:19894784

Szuberla, Curt A L; Olson, John V; Arnoult, Kenneth M



[Local anesthesia in ophthalmology].  


Ocular surgery presents some particularities: local anesthesia continues to be the most utilized and it consists in topical corneo-conjunctival anesthesia and local or regional infiltrative anesthesia. The term of locoregional anesthesia is utilized in ophthalmology for the reason that the two forms of anesthesia could be associated. In this paper the authors insist on different types and methods of anesthesia utilized in ophthalmology and on indications and benefits of each method. There are also presented the incidents and complications of local anesthesia in ophthalmology. PMID:19899543

Cernea, Daniela; Mocanu, Carmen



Locality and parsing complexity.  


Two experiments, an off-line acceptability judgment study and an on-line self-paced reading experiment, were conducted to tackle the question of locality-based preferences in sentence processing. The material consisted of German verb-final sentences containing a relative clause that was either host adjacent or extraposed. While the off-line data seem to reflect locality based integration cost, the on-line data revealed a highly different picture. It is argued that, in the present constructions at least, locality is relevant for production rather than perception. In perception, heads can be anticipated through incremental integration of their arguments. PMID:11196066

Konieczny, L



Local Coordinates Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Local Coordinates model displays the position of a star in local (Altitude/Azimuth) coordinates. The horizon is shown along with the four cardinal directions (N, E, S, and W). The latitude of the observer is set at 35.5 degrees which sets the location of the north celestial pole (teal) relative to the northern horizon. The position of the star can be changed by using the Altitude and Azimuth sliders. The Local Coordinates model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_astronomy_Local Coordinates.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. EJS is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models.

Belloni, Mario; Timberlake, Todd



Local entropy generation analysis  

SciTech Connect

Second law analysis techniques have been widely used to evaluate the sources of irreversibility in components and systems of components but the evaluation of local sources of irreversibility in thermal processes has received little attention. While analytical procedures for evaluating local entropy generation have been developed, applications have been limited to fluid flows with analytical solutions for the velocity and temperature fields. The analysis of local entropy generation can be used to evaluate more complicated flows by including entropy generation calculations in a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. The research documented in this report consists of incorporating local entropy generation calculations in an existing CFD code and then using the code to evaluate the distribution of thermodynamic losses in two applications: an impinging jet and a magnetic heat pump. 22 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

Drost, M.K.; White, M.D.



Local Area Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A survey of the protocols and literature for the performance analysis of Local Area Networks (LANs) available today is presented. Relevant hardware, in particular the transmission media, is described. The standard reference model is considered. The three ...

A. Dekkers



Localization of Monoaminergic Mechanisms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using the sensitive and specific fluorescence method of FALCK and HILLARP in combination with electron microscopy and biochemical methods for the localization and estimation of the monoamines, their immediate precursors, and the pertinent enzymes, monoami...

E. Dahl B. Falck



Localized Corrosion Analysis Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The funds were used to construct the Localized Corrosion Analaysis Laboratory in the Fontana Corrosion Center to study corrosion across all relevant length scales. This laboratory comprises a scanning probe microscopy stations specifically designed for co...

R. G. Buchheit G. S. Frankel



Parathyroid adenoma Localization  

PubMed Central

Background Bilateral neck exploration is the gold standard for parathyroid adenoma localization in primary hyperparathyroidism. But surgeons do not have adequate experience for accurate surgical exploration and new methods are developed for surgery like unilateral exploration and minimally invasive surgery, thus, preoperative localization could reduces time and stress in surgical performance. Method 80 patients with documented primary hyperparathyroidism and with raised serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were selected. The results of ultrasonographic localization for each patient were compared with findings of surgery and 99m technetium sestamibi scintigraphy. Also variables such as preoperative serum calcium, PTH level and adenoma weight were compared between patients who had localized and non-localized adenoma with ultrasonography or Sestamibi scan. The data was compared with student's t-test. Results In a prospective diagnostic tests accuracy study, 80 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism were enrolled. Ultrasonography images detected enlarged parathyroid glands in 61 of 80 patients (76.3%) with sensitivity of 83.5% and positive predictive value (PPV) of 89.7%. Sestamibi scintigraphy detected adenoma in 63 patients (78.8%) with sensitivity of 85% and PPV of 91.3%. There was no significant deference between ultrasonography and scintigraphy in localization of adenomas. Both ultrasonography and scintigraphy used for determining localization, and they located 73 adenomas (91.3%) with sensitivity of 97.3% and PPV of 93.5%. Conclusion Ultrasonography as an accurate method for localization of enlarged parathyroid glands in primary hyperparathyroidism, is comparable in overall utility with sestamibi scintigraphy. This study suggests a strategy for initial testing with one method, followed by the alternate imaging test if the first test happens to be negative.

Soroush, Ahmadreza; Hashemi, Amir Pejman; Hedayat, Anushiravan; Donboli, Kianoush; Mehrkhani, Farhad



Anderson Localization of Solitons  

SciTech Connect

At low temperature, a quasi-one-dimensional ensemble of atoms with an attractive interaction forms a bright soliton. When exposed to a weak and smooth external potential, the shape of the soliton is hardly modified, but its center-of-mass motion is affected. We show that in a spatially correlated disordered potential, the quantum motion of a bright soliton displays Anderson localization. The localization length can be much larger than the soliton size and could be observed experimentally.

Sacha, Krzysztof; Zakrzewski, Jakub [Instytut Fizyki imienia Mariana Smoluchowskiego and Mark Kac Complex Systems Research Center, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ulica Reymonta 4, PL-30-059 Krakow (Poland); Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, UPMC, ENS, CNRS, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France); Mueller, Cord A. [Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, UPMC, ENS, CNRS, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France); Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bayreuth, D-95440 Bayreuth (Germany); Delande, Dominique [Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, UPMC, ENS, CNRS, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France)



Anderson localization of solitons.  


At low temperature, a quasi-one-dimensional ensemble of atoms with an attractive interaction forms a bright soliton. When exposed to a weak and smooth external potential, the shape of the soliton is hardly modified, but its center-of-mass motion is affected. We show that in a spatially correlated disordered potential, the quantum motion of a bright soliton displays Anderson localization. The localization length can be much larger than the soliton size and could be observed experimentally. PMID:20366020

Sacha, Krzysztof; Müller, Cord A; Delande, Dominique; Zakrzewski, Jakub



Weather Basics: Local Circulation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource explains the basic forces behind atmospheric circulation on a local scale. Topics include phenomena that help to drive circulation, such as solar heating, gravity, pressure, the coriolis effect, and friction. Two types of local circulation patterns are also discussed: mountain and valley breezes; and land and sea breezes. Photos and diagrams are provided to augment the written discussion, and links to related websites are also included.



Investigating Local Ecosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this Science NetLinks lesson is to guide students through investigations of the habitats of local plants and animals; to explore some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other. In order to learn about living environments, young children should begin with direct observation of their immediate surroundings, such as a backyard, schoolyard or local pond. As students observe their environment, they should have many opportunities to record and communicate their findings using words and pictures.

Science Netlinks;



Local superdirect SCF  

SciTech Connect

A Local Superdirect SCF method has been developed which reduces the computational cost of a typical Hartree-Fock procedure from N[sup 4] to N[sup 2]. The method is based on the author's modifications of McWeeny's (1960) density matrix formalism, Kirtman's (1981) LSA method and Almlof's (1982) Direct SCF method. Special features include a more efficient two-electron integral prescreening technique and the superdirect evaluation of the density matrix around the local region.

Peng, Chunyang.



Locally advanced pancreatic cancer.  


Treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer is palliative, based on chemotherapy and according to response, chemoradiotherapy can be applied. The authors summarize three abstracts (#LBA146, #256 and #303) presented on the 2013 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, which were focused on treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer. A discussion is presented about the different chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy regimens, that move away from gemcitabine-based treatment, and the effort to find less toxic, but efficient therapeutic combinations. PMID:23474552

Oikonomopoulos, Georgios M; Huber, Kathryn E; Syrigos, Konstantinos N; Saif, Muhammad Wasif



Alberto del Pozo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cuban Heritage Collection of the University of Miami Libraries was a recipient of 17 original illustrations by Alberto del Pozo in 1998 from the Campilli family. "The Oricha Collection" is their gift, and it contains illustrations in pen, crayon, and ink and the collection "pays homage to the primary gods and goddesses that comprise the Afro-Cuban religion of Santer'a." The "Introduction" near the top of the page, is a good place for visitors to start learning about Pozo, who was a Parson's School of Design-trained, Cuban artist who died at the age of 47. The "Biographical Sketch" is worth looking at as well. Examples of his colorful, heavily patterned and symbolism-intensive drawings of Santeria gods and goddesses can be found in the link "Gallery". The description of each drawing is given in English and Spanish. Finally, visitors interested in more information on the Santeria, can look at the "Further Readings" link for authoritative books on the subject.


Sulla struttura eletronica del nitrobenzolo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto  È presentato un calcolo di alcune grandezze fisiche del nitrobenzolo mediante il metodo M.O. con una ragionevole scelta dei\\u000a parametri necessari. Per il momento elettrico, la frequenza del primo massimo di assorbimento nell’ultravioletto, le densità\\u000a elettroniche, gli ordini di legame, gli indici di valenza libera e l’energia di risonanza si ottengono valori in ottimo accordo\\u000a con le previsioni. Anche il

M. Simonetta; A. Vaciago



Decomposing Local: A Conjoint Analysis of Locally Produced Foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, foods are marketed as “locally grown.” We use stated preference data from a choice-based conjoint instrument to address two issues surrounding consumer demand for locally produced goods: (1) what is the geographical extent of “local,” and (2) is the value consumers place on “local” production distinct from other factors that are often confounded with locally produced foods such as

Kim Darby; Marvin T. Batte; Stan Ernst; Brian Roe



SUSY breaking in local string\\/F-theory models  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate bulk moduli stabilisation and supersymmetry breaking in local string\\/F-theory models where the Standard Model is supported on a del Pezzo surface or singularity. Computing the gravity mediated soft terms on the Standard Model brane induced by bulk supersymmetry breaking in the LARGE volume scenario, we explicitly find suppressions by Ms\\/MP ~ Script V-1\\/2 compared to M3\\/2. This gives

R. Blumenhagen; J. P. Conlon; S. Krippendorf; S. Moster; F. Quevedo



Local relativistic exact decoupling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a systematic hierarchy of approximations for local exact decoupling of four-component quantum chemical Hamiltonians based on the Dirac equation. Our ansatz reaches beyond the trivial local approximation that is based on a unitary transformation of only the atomic block-diagonal part of the Hamiltonian. Systematically, off-diagonal Hamiltonian matrix blocks can be subjected to a unitary transformation to yield relativistically corrected matrix elements. The full hierarchy is investigated with respect to the accuracy reached for the electronic energy and for selected molecular properties on a balanced test molecule set that comprises molecules with heavy elements in different bonding situations. Our atomic (local) assembly of the unitary exact-decoupling transformation--called local approximation to the unitary decoupling transformation (DLU)--provides an excellent local approximation for any relativistic exact-decoupling approach. Its order-N2 scaling can be further reduced to linear scaling by employing a neighboring-atomic-blocks approximation. Therefore, DLU is an efficient relativistic method well suited for relativistic calculations on large molecules. If a large molecule contains many light atoms (typically hydrogen atoms), the computational costs can be further reduced by employing a well-defined nonrelativistic approximation for these light atoms without significant loss of accuracy. We also demonstrate that the standard and straightforward transformation of only the atomic block-diagonal entries in the Hamiltonian--denoted diagonal local approximation to the Hamiltonian (DLH) in this paper--introduces an error that is on the order of the error of second-order Douglas-Kroll-Hess (i.e., DKH2) when compared with exact-decoupling results. Hence, the local DLH approximation would be pointless in an exact-decoupling framework, but can be efficiently employed in combination with the fast to evaluate DKH2 Hamiltonian in order to speed up calculations for which ultimate accuracy is not the major concern.

Peng, Daoling; Reiher, Markus



Localizations on complex networks.  


We study the structural characteristics of complex networks using the representative eigenvectors of the adjacent matrix. The probability distribution function of the components of the representative eigenvectors are proposed to describe the localization on networks where the Euclidean distance is invalid. Several quantities are used to describe the localization properties of the representative states, such as the participation ratio, the structural entropy, and the probability distribution function of the nearest neighbor level spacings for spectra of complex networks. Whole-cell networks in the real world and the Watts-Strogatz small-world and Barabasi-Albert scale-free networks are considered. The networks have nontrivial localization properties due to the nontrivial topological structures. It is found that the ascending-order-ranked series of the occurrence probabilities at the nodes behave generally multifractally. This characteristic can be used as a structural measure of complex networks. PMID:18643342

Zhu, Guimei; Yang, Huijie; Yin, Chuanyang; Li, Baowen



Local bifurcation control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local feedback stabilization of bifurcated solution branches is studied. Two cases are considered: that in which the nominal system undergoes a Hopf bifurcation as a parameter is varied, and the case of a stationary bifurcation from a simple zero eigenvalue. For each case, results on the existence of a stabilizing feedback are given. Moreover, simple synthesis techniques for the stabilizing controllers are discussed. A concept of proximity stabilization is introduced as an alternative to stabilization in the ordinary sense for systems that are not locally stabilizable. A result is stated on the generic character of proximity stabilizability. Motivation for further research in several areas is given.

Abed, Eyad H.


Transverse localization of sound  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show how disorder can be used to guide a broadband ultrasonic wave. The idea is to exploit the transverse localization regime that has been reported for light. Our waveguide consists of a set of parallel cylindrical scatterers randomly distributed in the transverse plane. An ultrasonic beam propagating along the direction of scatterers is found to remain confined in the two other directions on a size smaller than the waveguide diameter and driven by the localization length. Interestingly, the guided wave is also found to propagate with a very limited temporal dispersion.

Bretagne, Alice; Fink, Mathias; Tourin, Arnaud



Externing: Route to Local Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oregon and Arkansas are developing local leadership personnel through extern programs. Graduate coursework is combined with field experiences to meet State certification for local vocational directors. (MW)|

Miller, Melvin D.



Locality and reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Einstein's principle that no signal travels faster than light suggests that observations in one spacetime region should not depend on whether or not a radioactive decay is detected in a spacelike-separated region. This locality property is incompatible with the predictions of quantum theory, and this incompatibility holds independently of the questions of realism, objective reality, and hidden variables. It holds

Henry P. Stapp



Monaural Sound Localization Revisited.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research reported during the past few decades has revealed the importance for human sound localization of the so-called 'monaural spectral cues.' These cues are the result of the direction-dependent filtering of incoming sound waves accomplished by the pi...

F. L. Wightman D. J. Kistler



Guide for Local Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Revised versions of readings orginally developed to supplement 3-day seminars in evaluation techniques offered to U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) staff members are presented in a guide for use by local governments in managing and co...



Think globally: Act locally  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent evidence derived from transgenic mouse models and findings in humans with mutations affecting thyroid hormone (TH) metabolism have convincingly supported a model of TH signalling in which regulated local adjustment of active TH concentrations is far more important than circulating plasma hormone levels. Although this theory was put forward several years ago and has been supported by significant, but

Ulrich Schweizer; Joachim M. Weitzel; Lutz Schomburg



Tackling a Local Problem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students studying water as a class project were concerned by levels of pollution at a nearby river and the local beach. They identified three environmental problems for research including sewage discharge, beach litter, and quality of swimming water. Research consisted of field trips which allowed for opportunities to improve skills in collecting…

Cook, Martin



Local-Effect Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new class of games, local-effect games (LEGs), which exploit structure in a differ- ent way from other compact game representations studied in AI. We show both theoretically and em- pirically that these games often (but not always) have pure-strategy Nash equilibria. Finding a po- tential function is a good technique for finding such equilibria. We give a

Kevin Leyton-brown; Moshe Tennenholtz



Reconstructing Local Knowledge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines what is meant by the term "local knowledge." Suggests that there are certain assumptions that characterize the term: it is context bound, community specific, and nonsystematic because it is generated through social practice in everyday life. Introduces this special issue of the journal. (Author/VWL)

Canagarajah, Suresh




Microsoft Academic Search

Without going into the controversy regarding the question of the binaural ratio, we attempted to indicate the influence of relative intensity in the localization of sound under conditions that should guard against certain psychological errors of which experimental research on the part of physicists is not always free. The four observers who took part in the experiment never realized that

C. A. Ruckmick



Localization of plastic deformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The localization of plastic deformation into a shear band is discussed as an instability of plastic flow and a precursor to rupture. Experimental observations are reviewed, a general theoretical framework is presented, and specific calculations of critical conditions are carried out for a variety of material models. The interplay between features of inelastic constitutive description, especially deviations from normality and

J. Rice



Local community on trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

While plenty has been written about the reinvention of the social by the Third Way as a new governmentality of control, consensus, and social integration, less has been said about its subtle elision of social and the local, and the implications of this elision for urban and regional regeneration. This is the theme taken up by this paper, beginning with

Ash Amin



Representing Properties Locally  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of knowledge such as feature lists, semantic networks, and localist neural nets typically use a single global symbol to represent a property that occurs in multiple concepts. Thus, a global symbol represents mane across HORSE, PONY, and LION. Alternatively, perceptual theories of knowledge, as well as distributed representational systems, assume that properties take different local forms in different concepts.

Karen Olseth Solomon; Lawrence W. Barsalou



Local Warning System Definition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document is the final report of the Local Warning System Definition project. The report describes a method for determining an optimum mixture of public warning systems. Two types of input data to the optimum mixture method are developed: warning effec...

B. D. Miller



Source localization and beamforming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distributed sensor networks have been proposed for a wide range of applications. The main purpose of a sensor network is to monitor an area, including detecting, identifying, localizing, and tracking one or more objects of interest. These networks may be used by the military in surveillance, reconnaissance, and combat scenarios or around the perimeter of a manufacturing plant for intrusion

Joe C. Chen; Kung Yao; Ralph E. Hudson



Principle of relative locality  

SciTech Connect

We propose a deepening of the relativity principle according to which the invariant arena for nonquantum physics is a phase space rather than spacetime. Descriptions of particles propagating and interacting in spacetimes are constructed by observers, but different observers, separated from each other by translations, construct different spacetime projections from the invariant phase space. Nonetheless, all observers agree that interactions are local in the spacetime coordinates constructed by observers local to them. This framework, in which absolute locality is replaced by relative locality, results from deforming energy-momentum space, just as the passage from absolute to relative simultaneity results from deforming the linear addition of velocities. Different aspects of energy-momentum space geometry, such as its curvature, torsion and nonmetricity, are reflected in different kinds of deformations of the energy-momentum conservation laws. These are in principle all measurable by appropriate experiments. We also discuss a natural set of physical hypotheses which singles out the cases of energy-momentum space with a metric compatible connection and constant curvature.

Amelino-Camelia, Giovanni [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita 'La Sapienza', and Sez. Roma1 INFN, P. le A. Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); Freidel, Laurent; Smolin, Lee [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, Ontario N2J 2Y5 (Canada); Kowalski-Glikman, Jerzy [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, Pl. Maxa Borna 9, 50-204 Wroclaw (Poland)



Locally adaptable mathematical morphology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate how common binary mathematical morphology op- erators can be adapted so that the size of the structuring element (SE) can vary across the image. We show that when the SE are balls of a metric, locally adaptable erosion and dilation can be ef- ficiently implemented as a variant of distance transformation algo- rithms. Opening and closing are obtained

Olivier Cuisenaire



Cerebral Localization in Antiquity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fragments of neurology can be found in the oldest medical writings in antiquity. Recognizable cerebral localization is seen in Egyptian medical papyri. Most notably, the Edwin Smith papyrus describes hemiplegia after a head injury. Similar echoes can be seen in Homer, the Bible, and the pre-Hippocratic writer Alcmaeon of Croton. While Biblical writers thought that the heart was the seat

F. Clifford Rose



Acoustic sniper localization system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technologies for sniper localization have received increased attention in recent months as American forces have been deployed to various trouble spots around the world. Among the technologies considered for this task acoustics is a natural choice for various reasons. The acoustic signatures of gunshots are loud and distinctive, making them easy to detect even in high noise background environments. Acoustics

Gervasio Prado; Hardave Dhaliwal; Philip O. Martel



Classic localities explained 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Joggins is a famous fossil locality in Nova Scotia, Canada. Hewn by some of the world's highest tides on the Bay of Fundy, these crumbling cliffs shed light on the life and environments of the Carboniferous Coal Age, 315 million years ago. The site has been a magnet for geologists since the early nineteenth century. Charles Lyell described it as

Howard J. Falcon



Local Area Networks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers discuss LANs (local area networks) and library applications: (1) "Institute for Electrical and Electronic Engineers Standards..." (Charles D. Brown); (2) "Facilities Planning for LANs..." (Gail Persky); (3) "Growing up with the Alumni Library: LAN..." (Russell Buchanan); and (4) "Implementing a the Health Sciences Library"…

Nasatir, Marilyn; And Others



Global and Local Textuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Coherence and cohesion are fundamental considerations of the composing process that help to define the global and local components of texuality. Global text coherence centers on those aspects of the familiar rhetorical situation. Coherence operates at the paragraph and essay levels, answering questions about focus, tone, mode, topic, and thesis.…

Campbell, B. G.


Object localization with whiskers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rats use their large facial hairs (whiskers) to detect, localize and identify objects in their proximal three- dimensional (3D) space. Here, we focus on recent evidence of how object location is encoded in the neural sensory path- ways of the rat whisker system. Behavioral and neuronal observations have recently converged to the point where object location in 3D appears to

Ehud Ahissar; Per Magne Knutsen



Experiments in Visual Localization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For an observer viewing in a normally-illuminated and structured visual field EEPI-driven cancellation mechanisms are not normally involved in the determination of visual localization of objects in the visual field either relative to each other or relativ...

L. Matin



Local Climate Snapshots  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive visualization provides a clear, well-documented snapshot of current and projected values of several climate variables for local areas in California. The climate variables include observed and projected temperatures, projected snowpack, areas vulnerable to flooding due to sea level rise, and projected increase in wildfires. The projected values come from expert sources and well-established climate models.

Commission, California E.


Local Fractional Fourier's Transform Based on the Local Fractional Calculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new modeling for the local fractional Fourier's transform containing the local fractional calculus is investigated in fractional space. The properties of the local fractional Fourier's transform are obtained and two examples for the local fractional systems are investigated in detail.

Xiaojun Yang; Zongxin Kang; Changhe Liu




Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Datos diarios de temperaturas máximas y mínimas del aire fueron usados para determinar las unidades calor, que sirvieron como referencia para definir las principales etapas fenológicas en seis tipos diferentes de chile (Capsicum annuum). Las unidades calor sirvieron para inferir el período de mayor requerimiento de nutrimentos, así como la relación con la sintomatología de las enfermedades más importantes

Salvador Montes Hernández; Elena Heredia García; J. Alfonso; Aguirre Gómez


Space as a Metafictional Marker: Borges' 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' and Bertolucci's Strategia del ragno  

Microsoft Academic Search

:In this study, I analyse space as a key marker of the metafictional characteristic of Jorge Luis Borges' story 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' (in Ficciones) and Bernardo Bertolucci's film Strategia del ragno. I contend that the presentation of space – this understudied 'other' with regard to time in criticism of Borges – is a major aspect of the

Ilka Kressner


Space as a Metafictional Marker: Borges' 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' and Bertolucci's Strategia del ragno  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, I analyse space as a key marker of the metafictional characteristic of Jorge Luis Borges' story 'Tema del traidor y del héroe' (in Ficciones) and Bernardo Bertolucci's film Strategia del ragno. I contend that the presentation of space – this understudied 'other' with regard to time in criticism of Borges – is a major aspect of the

Ilka Kressner


Considerazioni sulla proprieta' insulino-legante del siero del soggetto normale e del diabetico mai trattato con insulina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto Gli AA. rilevano che i sieri dell'individuo normale e del diabetico mai trattato con insulina sono provvisti di proprietà insulino-legante di entità analoga. In alcuni sieri, sia del soggetto normale che del diabetico, è presente un'attività insulino-legante superiore ai valori massimi normali, che diminuisce dopo aggiunta di µU 500 di insulina bovina.

Michele Lunetta; Giuseppe Calcagno; Luciano Motta; Turiddu Lombardo



Collecting and Using Local History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The local history collection should contain: county histories; city and village histories; state and regional histories; anniversary booklets; company histories; local newspapers; local magazines; genealogies; family albums; diaries; journals, and letters; account books; club yearbooks; school annuals; telephone books, city directories and local

Miller, Marcia Muth


Local Education: Community, Conversation, Praxis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book draws upon the experience of adult and community educators and youth and community workers to explore the nature and practice of local education. Chapter 1 examines the nature of local education and argues the benefits of setting aside "community education" in favor of "local education." In chapter 2, the local educator's role is…

Smith, Mark K.


A local dissipation theorem.  


The transient time correlation function is a standard method for measuring transport properties in simulations. It represents a special case of a more general theorem, the dissipation theorem, that indirectly calculates phase function averages though the use of the dissipation function. These indirect averages often have significantly less statistical error than direct averages. Recently, it has been demonstrated that a local version of the fluctuation theorem can be derived with a well defined deviation from the global result at sufficiently low fields. Here we show that a similar local expression can be obtained for the dissipation theorem, providing a way of determining values of phase functions by monitoring the fluctuations of phase functions in a small region of the system. PMID:23231220

Talaei, Zahra; Reid, James C; Searles, Debra J



Stable local oscillator module.  

SciTech Connect

This report gives a description of the development of a Stable Local Oscillator (StaLO) multi-chip module (MCM). It is a follow-on report to SAND2006-6414, Stable Local Oscillator Microcircuit. The StaLO accepts a 100MHz input signal and produces output signals at 1.2, 3.3, and 3.6 GHz. The circuit is built as a multi-chip module (MCM), since it makes use of integrated circuit technologies in silicon and lithium niobate as well as discrete passive components. This report describes the development of an MCM-based version of the complete StaLO, fabricated on an alumina thick film hybrid substrate.

Brocato, Robert Wesley



Bayesian Radiation Source Localization  

SciTech Connect

Locating illicit radiological sources using gamma ray or neutron detection is a key challenge for both homeland security and nuclear nonproliferation. Localization methods using an array of detectors or a sequence of observations in time and space must provide rapid results while accounting for a dynamic attenuating environment. In the presence of significant attenuation and scatter, more extensive numerical transport calculations in place of the standard analytical approximations may be required to achieve accurate results. Numerical adjoints based on deterministic transport codes provide relatively efficient detector response calculations needed to determine the most likely location of a true source. Probabilistic representations account for uncertainty in the source location resulting from uncertainties in detector responses, the approximations that are used, and the potential for nonunique solutions. A Bayesian approach improves on previous likelihood methods for source localization by allowing the incorporation of all available information to help constrain solutions.

Jarman, Kenneth D.; Miller, Erin A.; Wittman, Richard S.; Gesh, Christopher J.



Local-Effect Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We present a new class of games, local-effect games (LEGs), which exploit structure in a different way from other compact,game,representations studied in AI. We show both theoretically and empirically that these games,often (but not always) have pure-strategy Nash equilibria. Finding a potential function is a good technique for finding such equilibria. We give a complete,characterization of which LEGs have

Kevin Leyton-brown; Moshe Tennenholtz



Local interstellar medium  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews and analyses various observational data about the local interstellar medium (LISM)-a volume with a radius of about 200 pc near the Sun. There are collected radio, IR, optical, UV, and X-ray observations of the ISM and data on the Sco-Cen association. All available information confirms Weaver's (1979) conclusions that the Sun is located near an edge of

Nikolai G. Bochkarev



Localized prostate cancer: brachytherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opinion statement  Brachytherapy is a treatment for localized prostate cancer that has become popular with physicians and patients. The use and\\u000a convenience of transrectal ultrasound and transperineal placement of the sources make contemporary forms of this procedure\\u000a more accurate and more patient-friendly than their predecessors. In addition, the early detection of cancer by the use of\\u000a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) makes contemporary

Anthony L. Zietman



Location, Localization, and Localizability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-aware technology spawns numerous unforeseen pervasive applications in a wide range of living, production, commence,\\u000a and public services. This article provides an overview of the location, localization, and localizability issues of wireless\\u000a ad-hoc and sensor networks. Making data geographically meaningful, location information is essential for many applications,\\u000a and it deeply aids a number of network functions, such as network routing,

Yunhao Liu; Zheng Yang; Xiaoping Wang; Lirong Jian



Acoustic source localization.  


In this article different techniques for localizing acoustic sources are described and the advantages/disadvantages of these techniques are discussed. Some source localization techniques are restricted to isotropic structures while other methods can be applied to anisotropic structures as well. Some techniques require precise knowledge of the direction dependent velocity profiles in the anisotropic body while other techniques do not require that knowledge. Some methods require accurate values of the time of arrival of the acoustic waves at the receivers while other techniques can function without that information. Published papers introducing various techniques emphasize the advantages of the introduced techniques while ignoring and often not mentioning the limitations and weaknesses of the new techniques. What is lacking in the literature is a comprehensive review and comparison of the available techniques; this article attempts to do that. After reviewing various techniques the paper concludes which source localization technique should be most effective for what type of structure and what the current research needs are. PMID:23870388

Kundu, Tribikram



Marina Del Rey Subregional Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Marina del Ray Subregional Plan was created for submission to the South Coast Regional Commission of the California Coastal Zone Conservation Commission. Since there are not, as yet, any other coastal subregional plans to use as examples, this plan fo...

M. McCoy C. Walecka



Del Mar College GIS Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Del Mar College offers a comprehensive geospatial program with certificates and Associates degrees in GIS. This site includes description of the program and courses, along with further contact information. By clicking on the link for "Geographic Information Systems" you may download a PDF with information about the program.



Del Pezzo surfaces with Du Val singularities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we study the problem of existence of orbifold Kaehler-Einstein metrics on del Pezzo surfaces of degree 1 with Du Val singular points. Moreover we compute global log canonical thresholds of del Pezzo surfaces of degree 1 with Du Val singularities and of del Pezzo surfaces of Picard rank 1 with Du Val singularities.

Kosta, Dimitra



The regular-locally compact coreflection of a stably locally compact locale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Scott continuous nuclei form a subframe of the frame of all nuclei. We refer to this subframe as the patch frame. We show that the patch construction exhibits (i) the category of regular locally compact locales and perfect maps as a coreflective subcategory of the category of stably locally compact locales and perfect maps, (ii) the category of compact

Mart??n Hötzel Escardó



Kinematic strain localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deformation within a steady-state compressional orogen, i.e., where tectonic accretion is, on geological time scales, balanced by surface erosion, can best be described by a stationary velocity field. Instantaneous deformation results from spatial gradients in the velocity field, whereas total accumulated strain results from the integration of this instantaneous deformation along material paths following the flow lines defined by the velocity field. We have synthesized the net strain distributions for rocks exposed at the surface of such an orogenic system using simple, linear velocity fields corresponding to (a) simple shear within a dipping shear zone and (b) pure vertical shear. In both cases we demonstrate the development of surface patterns of finite strain accumulation that do not reflect the geometry of the assumed velocity field in a simple manner. Large gradients in finite strain arise as a consequence of the geographic variation in particle residence time imposed by the surface boundary, even for the limiting case where no instantaneous strain gradient exists. Such patterns of deformation are often recognised in exhumed orogenic systems, but have commonly been assumed to reflect more complex velocity fields resulting from nonlinear, localizing crustal rheologies. We therefore demonstrate that caution should be exercised in interpreting observed strain patterns because a proportion of the observed strain localization must be attributed to this purely kinematic (or geometric) effect — and this proportion may be significant in many systems. Such kinematic effects should be quantified, and subtracted from observed strain distributions before they are used to infer the rheological behavior of crustal rocks. We also suggest that in a simple shear (thrust) setting, kinematic strain localization may in fact nucleate strain softening on the side of the deforming region that is stable or fixed with respect to the Earth's surface and thus be responsible for the asymmetry that characterizes the large majority of thrust systems.

Braun, Jean; Herman, Frédéric; Batt, Geoffrey



Localized reactive angioendotheliomatosis.  


We present a unique case of a woman with multiple painful dermal lesions localized to the left upper quadrant of the body. Histological investigation revealed microvascular thrombosis with capillary-wall proliferation. Further investigation revealed a very high anticardiolipin IgG titre and a left subclavian stenosis, presumably providing the reduced blood flow and relative hypoxia to allow microthromboses to occur in the presence of a thrombophilic tendency. Similar clinical and histological features have been reported in patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome and cases of reactive angioendotheliomatosis (RAE). This case represents a unique variant of RAE. PMID:17004988

Kirke, S; Angus, B; Kesteven, P J L; Calonje, E; Simpson, N



Ultrashort highly localized wavepackets.  


The recently introduced concept of radially non-oscillating, temporally stable ultrashort-pulsed Bessel-like beams we referred to as needle beams is generalized to a particular class of highly localized wavepackets (HLWs). Spatio-temporally quasi-nondiffracting pulses propagating along extended zones are shaped from Ti:sapphire oscillator radiation with a spatial light modulator and characterized with spatially resolved second order autocorrelation. Few-cycle wavepackets tailored to resemble circular disks, rings and bars of light represent the closest approximation of linear-optical light bullets known so far. By combining multiple HLWs, complex pulsed nondiffracting patterns are obtained. PMID:22714244

Bock, M; Das, S K; Grunwald, R



Dermoid cyst: unusual localization.  


Dermoid cysts are embryonic lesions usually observed in the lateral eyebrow region and the midline nose and neck areas. Communication of these lesions with the central nervous system is rare and occurs in the nasal region. There are few clinical reports of temporal dermoid cysts presenting with intracranial extension, and we present a 15-year-old girl with a fronto-orbital dermoid cyst with intracranial extension and bone erosion. Her presenting symptom was a lacrimation reduction of the left eye. Excision of the cyst was done using a coronal approach because of its extension and localization. PMID:22976680

Rinna, Claudio; Reale, Gabriele; Calafati, Vincenzo; Calvani, Francesco; Ungari, Claudio



All Holdings Are Local: Archivists and Local Government Archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Archivists working in repositories that contain local government records play an integral role within the local community. Unlike their colleagues in state, regional, or national repositories, the local government archivist concentrates on a small geographic region and demonstrates knowledge of the politics, history, and socio-economics of the region. More importantly, they understand how municipal and county government operates. This article

Russell D. James



Local Fractional Newton's Method Derived from Modified Local Fractional Calculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A local fractional Newton's method, which is derived from the modified local fractional calculus, is proposed in the present paper. Its iterative function is obtained and the convergence of the iterative function is discussed. The comparison between the classical Newton iteration and the local fractional Newton iteration has been carried out. It is shown that the iterative value of the

Feng Gao; Xiaojun Yang; Zongxin Kang



Locality and reality  

SciTech Connect

Einstein's principle that no signal travels faster than light suggests that observations in one spacetime region should not depend on whether or not a radioactive decay is detected in a spacelike-separated region. This locality property is incompatible with the predictions of quantum theory, and this incompatibility holds independently of the questions of realism, objective reality, and hidden variables. It holds both in the pragmatic quantum theory of Bohr and in realistic frameworks. It is shown here to hold in a completed realistic quantum theory that reconciles Einstein's demand for a description of reality itself with Bohr's contention that quantum theory is complete. This completed realistic quantum theory has no hidden variables, and no objective reality in which observable attributes can become definite independently of observers. The theory is described in some detail, with particular attention to those aspects related to the question of locality. This completed realistic quantum theory is in principle more comprehensive than Bohn's pragmatic quantum theory because it is not limited in principle by the requirement that the observed system be physically separated from the observing one. Applications are discussed.

Stapp, H.P.




SciTech Connect

Einstein's principle that no signal travels faster than suggests that observations in one spacetime region should not depend on whether or not a radioactive decay is detected in a spacelike separated region. This locality property is incompatible with the predictions of quantum theory, and this incompatibility holds independently of the questions of realism, objective reality, and hidden variables. It holds both in the pragmatic quantum theory of Bohr and in realistic frameworks. It is shown here to hold in a completed realistic quantum theory that reconciles Einstein's demand for a description of reality itself with Bohr's contention that quantum theory is complete. This completed realistic quantum theory has no hidden variables, and no objective reality in which observable attributes can become definite independently of observers. The, theory is described in some detail, with particular attention to those aspects related to the question of locality. This completed realistic quantum theory is in principle more comprehensive than Bohr.' s pragmatic quantum theory because it is not limited in principle by the requirement that the observed system be physically separated from the observing one. Applications are discussed.

Stapp, Henry P.



Ectopic localization of tungiasis.  


Tungiasis is caused by the penetration of the female sand flea Tunga penetrans into the epidermis. It is generally assumed that lesions are confined to the feet. To determine to what degree tungiasis occurs at other topographic sites, 1,184 inhabitants of a poor neighborhood in northeastern Brazil were examined; 33.6% were found to have tungiasis (95% confidence interval = 30.9-36.4%). Six percent presented lesions at locations other than the feet, with the hands being the most common ectopic site (5.5%). Other sites were the elbows, thighs, and gluteal region. Ectopic tungiasis was significantly associated with the total number of lesions (P < 0.001) and an age less than 15 years old (P = 0.02). In 86 patients actively recruited with lesions on their feet, ectopic localizations were observed in 25.6%. Since untreated sand flea lesions are prone to become superinfected, clinicians should be aware of not missing any ectopic localization of tungiasis. PMID:12389950

Heukelbach, Jörg; Wilcke, Thomas; Eisele, Margit; Feldmeier, Hermann



Passive Acoustic Vessel Localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates the development of a low-cost passive acoustic system for localizing moving vessels to monitor areas where human activities such as fishing, snorkeling and poaching are restricted. The system uses several off-the-shelf sensors with unsynchronized clocks where the Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) or time delay is extracted by cross-correlation of the signal between paired sensors. The cross-correlation function uses phase correlation or Phase Transform (PHAT) which whitens the cross-spectrum in order to de-emphasize dominant frequency components. Using the locations of pairs of sensors as foci, hyperbolic equations can be defined using the time delay between them. With three or more sensors, multiple hyperbolic functions can be calculated which intersect at a unique point: the boat's location. It is also found that increasing separation distances between sensors decreased the correlation between the signals. However larger separation distances have better localization capability than with small distances. Experimental results from the Columbia and Willamette Rivers are presented to demonstrate performance.

Suwal, Pasang Sherpa


Acoustic sniper localization system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technologies for sniper localization have received increased attention in recent months as American forces have been deployed to various trouble spots around the world. Among the technologies considered for this task acoustics is a natural choice for various reasons. The acoustic signatures of gunshots are loud and distinctive, making them easy to detect even in high noise background environments. Acoustics provides a passive sensing technology with excellent range and non line of sight capabilities. Last but not least, an acoustic sniper location system can be built at a low cost with off the shelf components. Despite its many advantages, the performance of acoustic sensors can degrade under adverse propagation conditions. Localization accuracy, although good, is usually not accurate enough to pinpoint a sniper's location in some scenarios (for example which widow in a building or behind which tree in a grove). For these more demanding missions, the acoustic sensor can be used in conjunction with an infra red imaging system that detects the muzzle blast of the gun. The acoustic system can be used to cue the pointing system of the IR camera in the direction of the shot's source.

Prado, Gervasio; Dhaliwal, Hardave; Martel, Philip O.



Pattern Driven Stress Localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The self-assembly of patterns from isotropic initial states is a major driver of modern soft-matter research. This avenue of study is directed by the desire to understand the complex physics of the varied structures found in Nature, and by technological interest in functional materials that may be derived through biomimicry. In this work we show how a simple striped phase can respond with significant complexity to an appropriately chosen perturbation. In particular, we show how a buckled elastic plate transitions into a state of stress localization using a simple, self-assembled variation in surface topography. The collection of topographic boundaries act in concert to change the state from isotropic sinusoidal wrinkles, to sharp folds or creases separated by relatively flat regions. By varying the size of the imposed topographic pattern or the wavelength of the wrinkles, we construct a state diagram of the system. The localized state has implications for both biological systems, and for the control of non-linear pattern formation.

Croll, Andrew; Crosby, Alfred



Quantum Mechanics, Locality and Realism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We show that the concept of locality is independent of the postulates of quantum mechanics. In particular, we show that under the assumption that nature is local, the quantum-mechanical predictions concerning experiments on correlated systems satisfy Bell...

J. W. de Roever M. Streng



Localization-protected quantum order  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Closed quantum systems with quenched randomness exhibit many-body localized regimes wherein they do not equilibrate, even though prepared with macroscopic amounts of energy above their ground states. We show that such localized systems can order, in that individual many-body eigenstates can break symmetries or display topological order in the infinite-volume limit. Indeed, isolated localized quantum systems can order even at energy densities where the corresponding thermally equilibrated system is disordered, i.e., localization protects order. In addition, localized systems can move between ordered and disordered localized phases via nonthermodynamic transitions in the properties of the many-body eigenstates. We give evidence that such transitions may proceed via localized critical points. We note that localization provides protection against decoherence that may allow experimental manipulation of macroscopic quantum states. We also identify a “spectral transition” involving a sharp change in the spectral statistics of the many-body Hamiltonian.

Huse, David A.; Nandkishore, Rahul; Oganesyan, Vadim; Pal, Arijeet; Sondhi, S. L.



Deterministic and Randomized Local Search.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses a class of high-quality approximation algorithms known as local search algorithms. Though slow and approximative, local search algorithms can find high-quality solutions. The paper distinguishes between deterministic and randomized lo...

E. H. L. Aarts J. H. M. Korst P. J. Zwietering



Local Capacity-Building Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report reflects the endeavors of an educational consortium, in working to improve the capabilities of local community in order for them to more effectively confront and impact problems at the local level; by providing the resources, training and conti...

C. Dobbins P. Massey



Going Local to Find Help  


... Home Current Issue Past Issues Cover Story: Traumatic Brain Injury Going Local to Find Help Past Issues / Fall ... the time. From the MedlinePlus page on Traumatic Brain Injury, you can use Go Local to find specific ...


Meeting the Local Skills Demand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Brittany, a project that integrates training and social development was designed to meet local labor market needs. Key features are innovative uses of training (pretraining, alternating training and work) and strong company involvement in local regeneration. (SK)|

Beccarelli, Catherine



Política de comentarios del NCI

Animamos a los usuarios a compartir sus ideas relacionadas con los temas en discusión en las secciones o foros determinados para tal fin en este sitio web u otros sitios administrados por el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer. Revisamos y publicamos los comentarios de acuerdo a la política indicada a continuación. Nos reservamos el derecho, a nuestra completa discreción, a no publicar o eliminar comentarios que no están de acuerdo con nuestra política.


Causal Learning with Local Computations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors proposed and tested a psychological theory of causal structure learning based on local computations. Local computations simplify complex learning problems via cues available on individual trials to update a single causal structure hypothesis. Structural inferences from local computations make minimal demands on memory, require…

Fernbach, Philip M.; Sloman, Steven A.



Strain localization under dynamic loading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A spallation model of strain localization is suggested according to which localization bands under pulsed loading result from unloading wave interference such that negative stresses in the extension zone are lower than the ultimate strength of the material. The temperature in the localization band is estimated to be close to the environmental temperature.

Belikova, A. F.; Buravova, S. N.; Petrov, E. V.



Locally adaptive active pixel sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe two circuits for implementing local adaptation in active pixel sensors. In addition to increasing the dynamic range, local adaptation provides finer resolution. The first photoreceptor circuit consists of an active pixel sensor which is operated at three different shutter speeds given sequentially. The decision to use the next shutter speed is determined locally by the

Anant Deval; Amjad Khan; L. A. Akers



Global Versus Local CSR Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perspectives differ on whether multinationals (MNEs) should develop centrally coordinated, 'global' corporate social responsibility (CSR) strategies, or whether they should stimulate decentralized, 'local' CSR strategies. A global strategy might involve an efficient transmission of (proactive) CSR practices throughout the organization worldwide, but may also lack ownership and legitimacy at the local level. While much more responsive, a local strategy could

Alan Muller



Local Lesions and Induced Resistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The local lesion phenomenon is one of the most notable resistance mechanisms where virus after multiplying in several hundred cells around the point of entry, does not continue to spread and remains in a local infection. Several types of local lesions are known, inter alia, necrotic, chlorotic, and starch lesions. Cells inside the lesion generally contain much less virus than

G. Loebenstein



Causal Learning With Local Computations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors proposed and tested a psychological theory of causal structure learning based on local computations. Local computations simplify complex learning problems via cues available on individual trials to update a single causal structure hypothesis. Structural inferences from local computations make minimal demands on memory, require relatively small amounts of data, and need not respect normative prescriptions as inferences that

Philip M. Fernbach; Steven A. Sloman



Local control stations  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes research concerning the effects of human engineering design at local control stations (i.e., operator interfaces located outside the control room) on human performance and plant safety. The research considered both multifunction panels (e.g. remote shutdown panels) as well as single-function interfaces (e.g., valves, breakers, gauges, etc.). Changes in performance shaping factors associated with variations in human engineering at LCSs were estimated based on expert opinion. By means of a scaling procedure, these estimates were used to modify the human error probabilities in a PRA model, which was then employed to generate estimates of plant risk and scoping-level value/impact ratios for various human engineering upgrades. Recent documentation of human engineering deficiencies at single-function LCSs was also reviewed, and an assessment of the current status of LCSs with respect to human engineering was conducted.

Brown, W.S.; Higgins, J.C. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Wachtel, J.A. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Systems Research



Sleep locally, act globally.  


In most animals, sleep is considered a global brain and behavioral state. However, recent intracortical recordings have shown that aspects of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and wakefulness can occur simultaneously in different parts of the cortex in mammals, including humans. Paradoxically, however, NREM sleep still manifests as a global behavioral shutdown. In this review, the authors examine this paradox from an evolutionary perspective. On the basis of strategic modeling, they suggest that in animals with brains composed of heavily interconnected and functionally interdependent units, a global regulator of sleep maintains the behavioral shutdown that defines sleep and thereby ensures that local use-dependent functions are performed in a safe and efficient manner. This novel perspective has implications for understanding deficits in human cognitive performance resulting from sleep deprivation, sleep disorders such as sleepwalking, changes in consciousness that occur during sleep, and the function of sleep itself. PMID:22572533

Rattenborg, Niels C; Lima, Steven L; Lesku, John A



Stable local oscillator microcircuit.  

SciTech Connect

This report gives a description of the development of a Stable Local Oscillator (StaLO) Microcircuit. The StaLO accepts a 100MHz input signal and produces output signals at 1.2, 3.3, and 3.6 GHz. The circuit is built as a multi-chip module (MCM), since it makes use of integrated circuit technologies in silicon and lithium niobate as well as discrete passive components. The StaLO uses a comb generator followed by surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters. The comb generator creates a set of harmonic components of the 100MHz input signal. The SAW filters are narrow bandpass filters that are used to select the desired component and reject all others. The resulting circuit has very low sideband power levels and low phase noise (both less than -40dBc) that is limited primarily by the phase noise level of the input signal.

Brocato, Robert Wesley



Localized wave pulse experiments  

SciTech Connect

The Localized Wave project of the Strategic System Support Program has recently finished an experiment in cooperation with the Advanced SONAR group of the Applied Research Laboratory of the University of Texas at Austin. The purpose of the experiment was three-fold. They wanted to see if (1) the LW pulse could propagate over significant distances, to see if (2) a new type of array and drive system specifically designed for the pulse would increase efficiency over single frequency tone bursts, and to see if (3) the complexity of our 24 channel drivers resulted in better efficiency than a single equivalent pulse driving a piston. In the experiment, several LW pulses were launched from the Lake Travis facility and propagated over distances of either 100 feet or 600 feet, through a thermocline for the 600 foot measurements. The results show conclusively that the Localized Wave will propagate past the near field distance. The LW pulses resulted in extremely broad frequency band width pulses with narrow spatial beam patterns and unmeasurable side lobes. Their array gain was better than most tone bursts and further, were better than their equivalent piston pulses. This marks the first test of several Low Diffraction beams against their equivalent piston pulses, as well as the first propagation of LW pulses over appreciable distances. The LW pulse is now proven a useful tool in open water, rather than a laboratory curiosity. The experimental system and array were built by ARL, and the experiments were conducted by ARL staff on their standard test range. The 600 feet measurements were made at the farthest extent of that range.

Chambers, D L; Henderson, T L; Krueger, K L; Lewis, D K; Zilkowski, R N



Boundary localization in texture segmentation.  


Localizing boundaries between textured image regions without sacrificing the labeling accuracy of interior regions remains a problem in segmentation. Difficulties arise because of the conflicting requirements of localization and labeling. Boundary localization usually demands observing the features over small neighborhoods, whereas labeling accuracy increases with the size of the observation neighborhood. This problem is further exacerbated in texture segmentation by the spatially distributed nature of texture features. In this correspondence, we develop a multiresolution approach that combines localized and distributed features to directly address boundary localization in texture segmentation. Maximum localization is achieved by using the gray-level discontinuities at the boundary between textures to define the boundary. The properties that characterize the gray-level discontinuity at texture boundaries are developed and an algorithm is designed to localize the boundary using these discontinuities. This segmentation algorithm is implemented and successfully tested on a set of Brodatz texture mosaics and AVHRR satellite imagery. PMID:18290036

Yhann, S R; Young, T Y



Local Sparse Bump Hunting  

PubMed Central

The search for structures in real datasets e.g. in the form of bumps, components, classes or clusters is important as these often reveal underlying phenomena leading to scientific discoveries. One of these tasks, known as bump hunting, is to locate domains of a multidimensional input space where the target function assumes local maxima without pre-specifying their total number. A number of related methods already exist, yet are challenged in the context of high dimensional data. We introduce a novel supervised and multivariate bump hunting strategy for exploring modes or classes of a target function of many continuous variables. This addresses the issues of correlation, interpretability, and high-dimensionality (p ? n case), while making minimal assumptions. The method is based upon a divide and conquer strategy, combining a tree-based method, a dimension reduction technique, and the Patient Rule Induction Method (PRIM). Important to this task, we show how to estimate the PRIM meta-parameters. Using accuracy evaluation procedures such as cross-validation and ROC analysis, we show empirically how the method outperforms a naive PRIM as well as competitive non-parametric supervised and unsupervised methods in the problem of class discovery. The method has practical application especially in the case of noisy high-throughput data. It is applied to a class discovery problem in a colon cancer micro-array dataset aimed at identifying tumor subtypes in the metastatic stage. Supplemental Materials are available online.

Dazard, Jean-Eudes; Rao, J. Sunil



Knot localization in proteins.  


The backbones of proteins form linear chains. In the case of some proteins, these chains can be characterized as forming linear open knots. The knot type of the full chain reveals only limited information about the entanglement of the chain since, for example, subchains of an unknotted protein can form knots and subchains of a knotted protein can form different types of knots than the entire protein. To understand fully the entanglement within the backbone of a given protein, a complete analysis of the knotting within all of the subchains of that protein is necessary. In the present article, we review efforts to characterize the full knotting complexity within individual proteins and present a matrix that conveys information about various aspects of protein knotting. For a given protein, this matrix identifies the precise localization of knotted regions and shows the knot types formed by all subchains. The pattern in the matrix can be considered as a knotting fingerprint of that protein. We observe that knotting fingerprints of distantly related knotted proteins are strongly conserved during evolution and discuss how some characteristic motifs in the knotting fingerprints are related to the structure of the knotted regions and their possible biological role. PMID:23514150

Rawdon, Eric J; Millett, Kenneth C; Su?kowska, Joanna I; Stasiak, Andrzej



Growing local food: scale and local food systems governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Scaling-up” is the next hurdle facing the local food movement. In order to effect broader systemic impacts, local food systems\\u000a (LFS) will have to grow, and engage either more or larger consumers and producers. Encouraging the involvement of mid-sized\\u000a farms looks to be an elegant solution, by broadening the accessibility of local food while providing alternative revenue streams\\u000a for troubled

Phil Mount


Ayuda para usar el sitio web en español del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer

Página de guía que le permite al lector entender la forma en que está organizado el sitio web del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI), las categorías de información disponibles y las políticas que rigen este sitio web.


All strategy is local.  


The aim of strategy is to master a market environment by understanding and anticipating the actions of other economic agents, especially competitors. A firm that has some sort of competitive advantage-privileged access to customers, for instance--will have relatively few competitors to contend with, since potential competitors without an advantage, if they have their wits about them, will stay away. Thus, competitive advantages are actually barriers to entry and vice versa. In markets that are exposed, by contrast, competition is intense. If the incumbents have even brief success in earning greater than normal returns on investments, new entrants will swarm in to grab a share of the profits. Sooner or later, the additional competition will push returns as far down as the firms' costs of capital. For firms operating in such markets, the only choice is to forget about strategy and run the business as efficiently as possible. Barriers to entry are easier to maintain in a competitive arena that is "local", either in the geographic sense or in the sense of being limited to one product or a handful of related ones. The two most powerful competitive advantages-customer captivity and economies of scale-are more achievable and sustainable in circumscribed markets of this kind. Their opposites are the open markets and host of rivals that are features of globalization. Compapies entering such markets risk frittering away the advantages they secured on smaller playing fields.., Ifa company wants to grow but still obtain superior returns, the authors argue, the best strategy is to dominate a series of discrete but preferably contiguous markets and then expand only at their edges. WalMart's diminishing margins over the past 15 years are strong evidence of the danger of proceeding otherwise. PMID:16171214

Greenwald, Bruce; Kahn, Judd



Los dilemas del desarrollo territorial: repercusiones del zapatismo en la Selva Lacandona de Chiapas1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo discute los dilemas del desarrollo territorial en la Selva Lacandona. En particular analiza las relaciones entre movimientos sociales, nuevas formas de gobernanza ambiental y desarrollo en esta región del estado de Chiapas, en México. Con base en el llamado enfoque territorial del desarrollo rural (Schejtman y Berdegué, 2004), planteamos que en el contexto actual de globalización, para lograr

Luis Reygadas


Causal learning with local computations.  


The authors proposed and tested a psychological theory of causal structure learning based on local computations. Local computations simplify complex learning problems via cues available on individual trials to update a single causal structure hypothesis. Structural inferences from local computations make minimal demands on memory, require relatively small amounts of data, and need not respect normative prescriptions as inferences that are principled locally may violate those principles when combined. Over a series of 3 experiments, the authors found (a) systematic inferences from small amounts of data; (b) systematic inference of extraneous causal links; (c) influence of data presentation order on inferences; and (d) error reduction through pretraining. Without pretraining, a model based on local computations fitted data better than a Bayesian structural inference model. The data suggest that local computations serve as a heuristic for learning causal structure. PMID:19379043

Fernbach, Philip M; Sloman, Steven A



Independent Components of Magnetoencephalography: Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We applied second-order blind identification (SOBI), an independent component analysis (ICA) method, to MEG data collected during cognitive tasks. We explored SOBI's ability to help isolate underlying neuronal sources with relatively poor signal-to-noise ratios, allowing their identification and localization. We compare localization of the SOBI-separated components to localization from unprocessed sensor signals, using an equivalent current dipole (ECD) modeling method.

Akaysha C. Tang; Barak A. Pearlmutter; Natalie A. Malaszenko; Dan B. Phung; Bethany C. Reeb



Local and extra-local orientations in the metropolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over the “community question” has generated several perspectives on the sources of ties to the territorial community in modern society. This paper attempts to empirically assess the utility of each model for predicting the number of ties to the local community and extra-local area, using data on voluntary association memberships in Seattle. Results indicate that the “community of

R. S. Oropesa



Local Political Leadership and the Modernisation of Local Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political leadership has been a key element of central government's attempts to ‘modernise’ local government over the past decade, within a discourse that emphasised ‘strong’ and ‘visible’ leadership and the role of leaders and leadership in driving change within local authorities. In the context of such an approach, and also taking account of academic discourse, this article draws upon interviews

Hugh Bochel; Catherine Bochel



Local Governance and Local Democracy: The Barcelona Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Barcelona as a case study, this article examines the relationship between local governance and local democracy. It begins with the terms of the debate and continues by identifying the context in which a particular model of governance arose in Barcelona. The article then looks at the extent to which governance fosters democracy, by strengthening the role of civil society

Georgina Blakeley



Groundwater parameter estimation using the ensemble Kalman filter with localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), an efficient data assimilation method showing advantages in many numerical experiments, is deficient when used in approximating covariance from an ensemble of small size. Implicit localization is used to add distance-related weight to covariance and filter spurious correlations which weaken the EnKF’s capability to estimate uncertainty correctly. The effect of this kind of localization is studied in two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) synthetic cases. It is found that EnKF with localization can capture reliably both the mean and variance of the hydraulic conductivity field with higher efficiency; it can also greatly stabilize the assimilation process as a small-size ensemble is used. Sensitivity experiments are conducted to explore the effect of localization function format and filter lengths. It is suggested that too long or too short filter lengths will prevent implicit localization from modifying the covariance appropriately. Steep localization functions will greatly disturb local dynamics like the 0-1 function even if the function is continuous; four relatively gentle localization functions succeed in avoiding obvious disturbance to the system and improve estimation. As the degree of localization of the L function increases, the parameter sensitivity becomes weak, making parameter selection easier, but more information may be lost in the assimilation process. Le filtre de Kalman d’ensemble (EnKF), une méthode efficace de traitement des données présentant des avantages dans de nombreux cas numériques, est déficiente quand elle est utilisée pour estimer la covariance d’un ensemble de petite taille. La localisation implicite est utilisée pour ajouter le poids pondéré de la distance à la covariance et pour filtrer les corrélations erronées qui affaiblissent la capacité du EnKF à estimer l’incertitude correctement. L’effet de ce type de localisation est étudié dans des cas synthétiques bi et tri-dimensionnels. On trouve que le EnKF avec localisation peut approcher de façon fiable à la fois la moyenne et la variance de la conductivité hydraulique avec une efficacité plus grande; il peut aussi grandement stabiliser le processus de traitement quand un ensemble de petite dimension est considéré. Des expériences de sensibilité ont été conduites pour explorer l’effet du format de la fonction localisation et longueur de filtre. On suggère que des longueurs de filtre trop grandes ou trop petites empêcheront à la localisation implicite de modifier la covariance de façon appropriée. Des fonctions de localisation raides telle la fonction 0-1 perturberont grandement la dynamique locale même si la fonction est continue; quatre fonctions de localisation relativement douces réussissent à éviter les perturbations évidentes du système et améliorent l’estimation. Lorsque le degré de localisation de la fonction L s’accroît, le paramètre sensibilité devient faible, rendant la sélection des paramètres plus aisée, mais d‘avantage d’informations peuvent être perdues dans le processus de traitement. El conjunto del filtro de Kalman (EnKF), un método eficiente de asimilación de datos que muestra ventajas en muchos experimentos numéricos, es deficiente cuando es usado en la aproximación de la covarianza a partir de un conjunto de pequeños tamaños. Se usa la localización implícita para sumar el peso relacionado con la covarianza y a las correlaciones espurias que debilitan la capacidad EnKF’s para estimar correctamente la incerteza. Se estudia este tipo de localización en casos sintéticos bi y tridimensional. Se encuentra que EnKF con localización puede capturar confiablemente tanto el promedio como la varianza del campo de conductividad hidráulica con una mayor, puede también estabilizar grandemente el proceso de asimilación cuando se usa un conjunto de pequeño tamaño. Se llevan a cabo experimentos de sensibilidad para explorar el efecto del formato de la función de la localización y la longitud de los filtros. Se s

Nan, Tongchao; Wu, Jichun



Types and additional specimens of Ephemeroptera studied by Longinos Navás in the Museo de Zoología del Ayuntamiento, Barcelona, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The types and additional specimens of Ephemeroptera which were studied by Longinos Navás and now deposited in the Museo de Zoologia del Ayuntamiento, Barcelona, are listed. For each of 97 species, full bibliographical references, collection localities, number of specimens, and type status are given.

William L. Peters



Lower Cretaceous rebbachisaurid sauropods from Cerro Aguada del León (Lohan Cura Formation), Neuquén Province, northwestern Patagonia, Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe sauropod material from the Lower Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian) Puesto Quiroga Member of the Lohan Cura Formation, exposed at the Cerro Aguada del León locality (La Picaza area, Neuquén Province, Argentina). The remains consist of disarticulated elements of at least three individuals, and are assigned to an indeterminate species of the rebbachisaurid diplodocoid Limaysaurus gen. nov. Elements from various parts

Leonardo Salgado; Alberto Garrido; Sergio E. Cocca; Juan R. Cocca



Photon Localization in Resonant Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unlike electrons that can be trapped by the Coulomb interaction at atomic sites, photons are not bound by individual particles. They may, however, be strongly scattered at Mie resonances, with the scattering cross section considerably exceeding the geometric cross section. We utilize Mie resonances to localize microwave radiation in low-density quasi-one dimensional samples of randomly positioned dielectric spheres. We explore factors that facilitate photon localization and probe the properties of localized waves. Sharp dips in the ensemble average of transmission and peaks in the average photon transit time are found near the first five Mie resonances. A decisive statistical test of photon localization, based on measurements of the variance of the intensity normalized by its ensemble average value, shows, however, that localization occurs only in a narrow window above the first Mie resonance. Measurements of this localization parameter are compared to measurements of the dimensionless conductance and of the Thouless number in samples with and without absorption. The Thouless number, which is the ratio of the width to the spacing of quasi-modes of a random medium, is obtained from measurements of the field correlation function with frequency shift and of the spacing between resonances in a sealed cavity. In samples with negligible absorption, these parameters coincide. The localization parameters reach a minimum within the window of localization as a result of collective scattering. In the presence of absorption, only the variance of intensity remains a reliable guide to localization. When the sample is cooled to 77 K to reduce absorption, narrow Lorentzian transmission peaks are observed as a result of resonant tunneling through long-lived localized modes. The enhancement of intensity in long-lived modes as the localization threshold is approached is related to sharp line lasing in random amplifying media. In collaboration with Andrey Chabanov.

Genack, Azriel



Local-regional prostate cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, locally advanced prostate cancer was defined clinically with the digital rectal exam (DRE). With the introduction of screening prostate specific antigen (PSA), further pretreatment stratification of locally advanced prostate cancer was possible. Tables and nomograms have been developed to predict pathologic staging prior to therapy. By combining DRE, PSA, Gleason score, and clinical staging, a patient's probability of treatment

Marklyn J. Jones; Kenneth S. Koeneman



Localization for mobile sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many sensor network applications require location awareness, but it is often too expensive to include a GPS receiver in a sensor network node. Hence, localization schemes for sensor networks typically use a small number of seed nodes that know their location and protocols whereby other nodes estimate their location from the messages they receive. Several such localization techniques have been

Lingxuan Hu; David Evans



Local Taxation: Principles and Scope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses principles of local taxation such as accountability, benefit-tax link, non-distortion, regional equity, long-term efficiency, reliability and stability of tax bases, tax sharing as implicit insurance, and administrative simplicity. Not all of the criteria for local taxation are consistent with each other and could be realized at the same time.

Paul Bernd Spahn




SciTech Connect

Low temperature irradiation can significantly harden metallic materials and often lead to strain localization and ductility loss in deformation. This paper provides a review on the radiation effects on the deformation of metallic materials, focusing on microscopic and macroscopic strain localization phenomena. The microscopic strain localization often observed in irradiated materials are dislocation channeling and deformation twinning, in which dislocation glides are evenly distributed and well confined in the narrow bands, usually a fraction of a micron wide. Dislocation channeling is a common strain localization mechanism observed virtually in all irradiated metallic materials with ductility, while deformation twinning is an alternative localization mechanism occurring only in low stacking fault energy materials. In some high stacking fault energy materials where cross slip is easy, curved and widening channels can be formed depending on dose and stress state. Irradiation also prompts macroscopic strain localization (or plastic instability). It is shown that the plastic instability stress and true fracture stress are nearly independent of irradiation dose if there is no radiation-induced phase change or embrittlement. A newly proposed plastic instability criterion is that the metals after irradiation show necking at yield when the yield stress exceeds the dose-independent plastic instability stress. There is no evident relationship between the microscopic and macroscopic strain localizations; which is explained by the long-range back-stress hardening. It is proposed that the microscopic strain localization is a generalized phenomenon occurring at high stress.

Byun, Thak Sang [ORNL; Hashimoto, Naoyuki [ORNL



Hendrix College Local Food Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By purchasing locally grown foods, Hendrix College (Arkansas) has found it can offer better nutrition, cut environmental damage, and spur economic development. The Local Food Project has reduced the amount of food purchased out of state from 90-70 percent, and is aiming for 50 percent in three years. Student participation is integral.…

Valen, Gary L.



Balancing State and Local Assessments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes rationale and attributes of local assessment program to augment statewide testing programs. Describes several steps to develop and implement a local assessment program, including setting priorities and goals, meeting with state officials, developing budgets and funding sources, forming development teams, providing professional…

Rabinowitz, Stanley



Local Prosecutors and Corporate Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a national survey and interviews, this article describes the attitudes and practices of local prosecutors regarding corporate crime. Although most local prosecutors did not regard corporate crime as a serious problem, their willingness to prosecute increases if an offense causes substantial harm and other agencies fail to act. Despite repeated calls for coordinated responses to corporate crime, relatively

Michael L. Benson; Francis T. Cullen; William J. Maakestad



Consumers' Views on Local Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

This focus-group study investigated shoppers'� beliefs and behaviors regarding local foods. Two of the four focus groups consisted of organic food shoppers. They were more committed to purchasing local foods and identified a much wider array of such foods than did the conventional shoppers. One group of conventional shoppers consisted of African-Americans, who tended to define �\\

Lydia Zepeda; Catherine Leviten-Reid



Continuous Localization Using Evidence Grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence grids provide a uniform representation for fusing temporally and spatially distinct sensor readings. However, the use of evidence grids requires that the robot be localized within its environment. Odometry errors typically accumulate over time, making localization estimates degrade, and introducing significant errors into evidence grids as they are built. We have addressed this problem by developing a method for

Alan C. Schultz; William Adams



Local Hamiltonians in Quantum Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this thesis, I investigate aspects of local Hamiltonians in quantum computing. First, I focus on the Adiabatic Quantum Computing model, based on evolution with a time dependent Hamiltonian. I show that to succeed using AQC, the Hamiltonian involved must have local structure, which leads to a result about eigenvalue gaps from information theory. I also improve results about simulating

Daniel Nagaj



Local instances of good seeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major causes of image degradation in imaging through an inhomogeneous medium with small aperture optics, or through an uneven boundary layer, is a local tilt term in the expression for the incoming wavefront. This manifests itself as a local or space variant distortion of the image. When a temporal sequence of such images is examined, there is

H. H. Szu; J. A. Blodgett; L. Sica



A data locality optimizing algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes an algorithm that improves the locality of a loop nest by transforming the code via interchange, reversal, skewing and tiling. The loop transformation rrlgorithm is based on two concepts: a mathematical formulation of reuse and locality, and a loop transformation theory that unifies the various transforms as unimodular matrix tmnsfonnations. The algorithm haa been implemented in the

Michael E. Wolf; Monica S. Lam



Localization scheme for relativistic spinors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new method to determine localized complex-valued one-electron functions in the occupied space is presented. The approach allows the calculation of localized orbitals regardless of their structure and of the entries in the spinor coefficient matrix, i.e., one-, two-, and four-component Kramers-restricted or unrestricted one-electron functions with real or complex expansion coefficients. The method is applicable to localization schemes that maximize (or minimize) a functional of the occupied spinors and that use a localization operator for which a matrix representation is available. The approach relies on the approximate joint diagonalization (AJD) of several Hermitian (symmetric) matrices which is utilized in electronic signal processing. The use of AJD in this approach has the advantage that it allows a reformulation of the localization criterion on an iterative 2 × 2 pair rotating basis in an analytical closed form which has not yet been described in the literature for multi-component (complex-valued) spinors. For the one-component case, the approach delivers the same Foster-Boys or Pipek-Mezey localized orbitals that one obtains from standard quantum chemical software, whereas in the multi-component case complex-valued spinors satisfying the selected localization criterion are obtained. These localized spinors allow the formulation of local correlation methods in a multi-component relativistic framework, which was not yet available. As an example, several heavy and super-heavy element systems are calculated using a Kramers-restricted self-consistent field and relativistic two-component pseudopotentials in order to investigate the effect of spin-orbit coupling on localization.

Ciupka, J.; Hanrath, M.; Dolg, M.



An Open Localization and Local Communication Embodied Sensor  

PubMed Central

In this paper we describe a localization and local communication system which allows situated agents to communicate locally, obtaining at the same time both the range and the bearing of the emitter without the need of any centralized control or any external reference. The system relies on infrared communications with frequency modulation and is composed of two interconnected modules for data and power measurement. Thanks to the open hardware license under which it is released, the research community can easily replicate the system at a low cost and/or adapt it for applications in sensor networks and in robotics.

Gutierrez, Alvaro; Campo, Alexandre; Dorigo, Marco; Amor, Daniel; Magdalena, Luis; Felix, Monasterio-Huelin



Implementation of tsunami disaster prevention measures in the municipality of San Rafael del Sur, Nicaragua  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nicaraguan Pacific coast presents considerable tsunami risk. On September 1, 1992, a tsunami caused enormous damage in the infrastructure and killed more than 170 people. A pilot project was conducted between 2006 and 2007 in the municipality of San Rafel del Sur, area of Masachapa, The project included multiple topics of tsunami prevention measures and considering the direct participation of the local population, as: -General education on disaster prevention, participative events; -Investigation of awareness level and information needs for different population groups; -Specific educational measures in the schools; -Publication of brochures, calendars, news paper articles, radio programs, TV spots -Development of local tsunami hazard maps, 1:5,000 scale; (based on previous regional tsunami hazard mapping projects and local participation) -Development of a tsunami warning plan; -Improvements of the national tsunami warning system. -Installation of sirens for tsunami warning -Installation of tsunami signs, indicating hazardous areas, evacuation routes, safe places; -Realization of evacuation drills in schools. Based on the experiences gained in Masachapa it is planned to run similar projects in other areas along the Nicaraguan Pacific coast. In the project participated the local municipality and local stakeholders of San Rafael del Sur, Ministry of Education, National Police, Nicaraguan Red Cross, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Tourism, Nicaraguan Geosciences Institute (INETER), National System for Disaster Prevention (SINAPRED), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). It was financed by SDC and INETER.

Strauch, W.; Talavera, E.; Acosta, N.; Sanchez, M.; Mejia, E.



Local Democracy and Local Government Efficiency: The Case of Elected Executives in Australian Local Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the international context it has been argued that institutional reform to leadership in local government can improve the sector in terms of both its democratic legitimacy and its operational efficiency. In Australia, despite two decades of far-reaching reform processes across state government jurisdictions, focused heavily on structural change, local government still faces daunting problems, yet the potential of reform

Bligh Grant; Brian Dollery; Jeff Gow



Primary Localized Cutaneous Nodular Amyloidosis Following Local Trauma  

PubMed Central

Primary localized cutaneous nodular amyloidosis (nodular amyloidosis) is a rare and distinct type of amyloidosis, in which amyloid L deposition is limited to the skin and typically manifested as a tumefactive nodule on the acral sites. However, the definite cause of nodular amyloidosis is still unknown. Although it is relatively well known that the amyloid deposits in nodular amyloidosis originate from immunoglobulin light chains secreted by local plasma cells, traumatic injury to the skin has rarely been recognized as a triggering factor of nodular amyloidosis. Herein, we present a case of a 50-year-old male patient with primary localized cutaneous nodular amyloidosis, which occurred after local trauma, and discuss the relationship between traumatic damage and dermal amyloid L deposition.

Lee, Dong Yoon; Kim, Young Jin; Lee, Ji Yeoun; Kim, Mi Kyeong




Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Purpose: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) represents the most diffuse entrapment neuropathy in the general popula- tion and the most frequent work related pathology. Scientific literature shows a positive correlation between CTS and some vocational activities. Materials and methods: In a study conducted on industrial workers (mechanical, food, textile and construction industries), a high incidence of CTS was observed in



Contemporary and traditional localism: a conceptualisation of rural local food  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasingly popular local food movement in the US has experienced wide-scale buy-in on behalf of the general public as well as in academic arenas. However, there have been recent efforts to critique this movement, typically for being inequitable and unfairly geared towards those with above-average financial means. In this article, I examine local food efforts and present a new

Jesse McEntee



Defect conformal field theory and locally localized gravity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gravity may be ``locally localized'' over a wide range of length scales on a d-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) brane living inside AdSd+1. In this paper we examine this phenomenon from the point of view of the holographic dual ``defect conformal field theory''. The mode expansion of bulk fields on the gravity side is shown to be precisely dual to the

Ofer Aharony; Oliver DeWolfe; Daniel Z. Freedman; Andreas Karch



Localization and routing in sensor networks by local angle information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location information is very useful in the design of sensor network infrastructures. In this paper, we study the anchor-free 2D localization problem by using local angle measurements in a sensor network. We prove that given a unit disk graph and the angles between adjacent edges, it is NP-hard to find a valid embedding in the plane such that neighboring nodes

Jehoshua Bruck; Jie Gao



Localized defect modes in graphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the properties of localized vibrational modes associated with structural defects in a sheet of graphene. For the examples of the Stone-Wales defects, one- and two-atom vacancies, many-atom linear vacancies, and adatoms in a honeycomb lattice, we demonstrate that the local defect modes are characterized by stable oscillations with the frequencies lying outside the linear frequency bands of an ideal graphene. In the frequency spectral density of thermal oscillations, such localized defect modes lead to the additional peaks from the right side of the frequency band of the ideal sheet of graphene, which indicate the presence of defects in the graphene flakes.

Savin, Alexander V.; Kivshar, Yuri S.



Phantom tektite localities of Borneo  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An attempt to find out more about tektite finds at Riam, Indonesian Borneo (Kalimantan), has uncovered a long-standing and complicated confusion about tektite localities in the southern portion of Borneo. It appears that the only authentic localities in the whole of Indonesian Borneo are at Martapura, Pelaihari, and the Sungei (River) Riam Kanan, all within 40 km of each other in the southeastern corner of the island, and all documented, mainly in Dutch and German works, by the early 20th century. Other localities mentioned and shown on maps in more recent French and English publications are mere phantoms resulting from a succession of misinterpretations of previous literature.

Stauffer, P. H.



State Response to Local Problems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The States have played one or more of three roles -- inhibitor, facilitator, and initiator -- relative to the solution of local government problems. The State, through constitutional restrictions, has acted as an inhibitor of the creation of general purpo...

J. F. Zimmerman



The Local Bubble: an update  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our view of the the Sun's near neighbourhood in space, the "Local Bubble" region, has changed dramatically over the past decade. The interstellar gas inside this rarefied Cavity is character-ized by a surprisingly wide range of temperatures (100K -1,000,000K), densities, and diffuse structures that are all contained within a 150pc diameter region of space whose fragmented neutral boundary has recently been mapped in 3-D. Rather surprisingly, doubts have even been cast on whether the Local Bubble cavity is filled with a hot million degree emitting gas and, much to the bewilderment of many astrophysicists, we still do not know which physical processes are responsible for the observed ionization state of the local interstellar plasma. This short talk will discuss the latest observational results from several recent studies of the Local Bubble region and how current theoretical models seem at odds with empirical evidence.

Welsh, Barry


Agronomy Operations of Local Cooperatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines the sales and sales methods that local cooperatives used to sell agricultural chemicals and fertilizers and how these factors affected the cooperatives' sales of these products from 1983 through 1988. Data gathered through a special su...

J. R. Dunn B. L. Rotan E. E. Eversull



Local Area Networks (The Printout).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Local Area Network (LAN), a project in which students used LAN-based word processing and electronic mail software as the center of a writing process approach. Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of networking. (MM)

Aron, Helen; Balajthy, Ernest



Spatial Localization in Strabismic Observers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an investigation of the way in which extraretinal eye position information (EEPI) is involved in the determination of localization and the possibility of flexibility and/or adaptation in the relation between the retinal image location (RI) ...

L. Matin



Ordre local dans les polyanilines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low frequency IR and Raman spectra of various forms of polyaniline base and salt with those of model compounds (diphenylamine, N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylene diamine, oligomer) are given in order to understand their local structure. La comparaison des spectres IR et Raman de basses fréquences permet de discuter les structures locales des différentes formes de polyanilines à la lumière de composés modèles (diphénylamine, N,N'-diphényl-1,4-phenylenediamine, oligomère).

Folch, S.; Gruger, A.; Colomban, Ph.



Localization precision of stochastic optical localization nanoscopy using single frames.  


ABSTRACT. The Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) on localization precision of unbiased estimators is analyzed for stochastic optical localization nanoscopy that localizes emitters frame by frame independently. It is found that the CRLB is a function of the mean number of detected photons per emitter, signal to Poisson noise ratio, signal to Gaussian noise ratio, point spread function (PSF), pixel size, and relationship of emitter locations. With a slight and practical approximation, effect of Gaussian noise is equivalent to increasing the mean photon count of Poisson noise by a number equal to the variance of Gaussian noise. Numerical examples demonstrate that the CRLB of emitters located on a curve increase fast as the distance of adjacent emitters increases. The mean CRLB of randomly uniformly distributed emitters in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging increases exponentially fast as the emitter density increases. The effects of PSF, standard deviation of PSF, mean number of detected photons per emitter, signal to noise ratio, axial thickness, and pixel size on the CRLB are also numerically investigated. The analytical and numerical results provide a guideline for the design of location estimators and a benchmark for the achievable localization precision of stochastic optical localization nanoscopy. PMID:24162588

Sun, Yi



Aristocracia fantástica: los moderados y la poética del gobierno representativo  

Microsoft Academic Search

La mayor parte de los ideólogos del moderantismo tras la implantación del régimen liberal fueron destacados teóricos de la estética que contribuyeron a fijar el canon del romanticismo en España. Este artículo investiga la influencia de las reflexiones estéticas de autores como Alberto Lista, Nicomedes Pastor Díaz y Alcalá Galiano en su teoría del gobierno representativo. El asunto de fondo

Pablo Sánchez León



33 CFR 80.1118 - Marina Del Rey, CA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marina Del Rey, CA. 80.1118 Section 80.1118 Navigation...LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1118 Marina Del Rey, CA. (a) A line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater South Light 1 to Marina Del Rey...



33 CFR 80.1118 - Marina Del Rey, CA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Marina Del Rey, CA. 80.1118 Section 80.1118 Navigation...LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1118 Marina Del Rey, CA. (a) A line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater South Light 1 to Marina Del Rey...



Dust formation in Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the result of the IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 obtained at the Crimean Station (Nauchny, Ukraine) of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. JHKLM photometry was carried out with 125-cm telescope using a InSb-photometer on:

Shenavrin, V. I.; Taranova, O. G.; Tatarnikov, A. M.



Radio-Observaciones del OH EN la Coma del Cometa Halley Desde EL Hemisferio Sur  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se utilizó una antena de 30 metros del Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía para observaciones diarias Cf ebrero a abril de 1986) de la transición en 1667 MHz ( ? = 18 cm) del OH en la coma del cometa Halley. De las observaciones realizadas se concluye: 1) El número promedio de moléculas de OH en la coma durante 37 días de observación fue de (8.9±3.5)x1034 moléculas, lo que implica una tasa de producción promedio de OH de 1.8x1029 moléculas seg-1 y consecuentemente una pérdida de masa promedio de 17±6 toneladas seg-1 . Este valor está de acuerdo con las mediciones realizadas por las sondas Vega y Giotto. 2) El monitoreo desde el lAR revela la existencia de variaciones bruscas en los flujos de absorción del OH. Estas variaciones son consistentes con los modelos que representan la producción gaseosa a partir de ejecciones y/o desprendimientos discretos de materia congelada del núcleo. 3) Las variaciones en la densidad de flujo son consistentes con las estimaciones de los tiem- pos de vida medios del H2O y del OH en presencia del campo de radiación solar. 4) Se encuentra una correlación entre la intensidad del flujo absorbido y anisotropías en Ia dinamica de la coma.

Silva, A. M.; Bajaja, E.; Morras, R.; Cersosimo, J. C.; Martin, M. C.; Arnal, E. M.; Poppel, W. G. L.; Colomb, F. R.; Mazzaro, J.; Olalde, J. C.; Boriakoff, V.; Mirabel, I. F.



Localization and quantitative co-localization of enamelin with amelogenin.  


Enamelin and amelogenin are vital proteins in enamel formation. The cooperative function of these two proteins controls crystal nucleation and morphology in vitro. We quantitatively analyzed the co-localization between enamelin and amelogenin by confocal microscopy and using two antibodies, one raised against a sequence in the porcine 32kDa enamelin region and the other raised against full-length recombinant mouse amelogenin. We further investigated the interaction of the porcine 32kDa enamelin and recombinant amelogenin using immuno-gold labeling. This study reports the quantitative co-localization results for postnatal days 1-8 mandibular mouse molars. We show that amelogenin and enamelin are secreted into the extracellular matrix on the cuspal slopes of the molars at day 1 and that secretion continues to at least day 8. Quantitative co-localization analysis (QCA) was performed in several different configurations using large (45?m height, 33?m width) and small (7?m diameter) regions of interest to elucidate any patterns. Co-localization patterns in day 8 samples revealed that enamelin and amelogenin co-localize near the secretory face of the ameloblasts and appear to be secreted approximately in a 1:1 ratio. The degree of co-localization decreases as the enamel matures, both along the secretory face of ameloblasts and throughout the entire thickness of the enamel. Immuno-reactivity against enamelin is concentrated along the secretory face of ameloblasts, supporting the theory that this protein together with amelogenin is intimately involved in mineral induction at the beginning of enamel formation. PMID:23563189

Gallon, Victoria; Chen, Lisha; Yang, Xiudong; Moradian-Oldak, Janet



Precio del agua y relocalización del recurso en la economía andaluza. Una aproximación desde un modelo de equilibrio general aplicado  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en analizar los efectos que tendría un incremento en la tarifa del agua del sector agrario sobre la conservación del recurso, la eficiencia en el consumo y la posible relocalización del mismo entre los diferentes sectores productivos. La política tarifaria se aplicará sobre el sector agrario debido, por un lado, al excesivo consumo de

M. Alejandro Cardenete; G. J. D. Hewings; E. Velázquez



Active Markov localization for mobile robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

Localization is the problem of determining the position of a mobile robot from sensor data. Most existing localization approaches are passive, i.e., they do not exploit the opportunity to control the robot's effectors during localization. This paper proposes an active localization approach. The approach is based on Markov localization and provides rational criteria for (1) setting the robot's motion direction

Dieter Fox; Wolfram Burgard; Sebastian Thrun



Local Food Systems: Explorative Findings from Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local Food Systems: Explorative Findings from Finland. In this paper we look at local food systems as alternatives to conventional food supply chains. Supporting alternative food systems at the local level is a way to promote the viability of rural areas and create and sustain local food strategies. The objective of the paper is to increase our understanding of local



[Informationization policies of local governments].  


In line with the rapid progress in technical innovation, the wave of informationization is now reaching every aspect of Japanese society. With the explosive spread of the Internet, local governments are implementing administrative policies to facilitate the construction of information network systems which will help promote the spread of information at the local level. The Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and other organizations of the Japanese government are also implemending a variety of measures to assist these moves on the part of local governments. A look at administrative services for local residents reveals a great need for the proliferation of information within the areas of welfare and medical care; in particular, counselling concerning nursing care and medical services in remote areas are needed. In order to realize new measures promoting informationization, however, the cooperation and understanding of local governors or mayors are essential. Because these people are very busy, short video and computer graphic presentations should be prepared in order to make the greatest impact in the least amount of time. PMID:10412147

Misono, S



Wolverhampton Archives and Local Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This very impressive site should serve as a model for any local archive that creates a Web presence. Well-designed and very easy to use, the site offers a number of research guides as well as detailed information and downloadable fact sheets on records related to the census, poor law, civil registration, military service, wills, taxation, and many others. Visitors will also find a selection of resources on local history, including maps, books, newspapers, and photographs. In addition, the site contains a special section for genealogy researchers, the bread and butter of most local archives. This section offers extensive information in a number of guides and a flash tutorial. General information on the archives and an online catalog complete the site, though the latter is currently under construction.


Locally anisotropic gravity and strings  

SciTech Connect

We shall present an introduction to the theory of gravity on locally anisotropic spaces modelled as vector bundles provided with compatible nonlinear and distinguished linear connection and metric structures (such spaces are obtained by a nonlinear connection reduction or compactification from higher dimensional spaces to lower dimensional ones and contain as particular cases various generalizations of Kaluza{endash}Klein and Finsler geometry). We shall analyze the conditions for consistent propagation of closed strings in locally anisotropic background spaces. The connection between conformal invariance, the vanishing of the renormalization group {beta}-function of the generalized {sigma}-model, and field equations of locally anisotropic gravity will be studied in detail. {copyright} 1997 Academic Press, Inc.

Vacaru, S.I. [Department of Statistical and Nuclear Physics, Institute of Applied Physics, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, 5 Academy str., Chisinau, 2028, (Republic of Moldova)



Integrating Local Waterfront Revitalization into Local Comprehensive Planning and Zoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

By 2004, more than half of the United States population resided within fifty miles of the coastline, contributing to the mounting pressures on waterfront development. Local waterfront revitalization plans have great potential to efficiently guide community and coastal development in a coordinated fashion across municipal boundaries. Coordination includes intermunicipal and intergovernmental cooperation and consistency as well as coordination between planning

Patricia E. Salkin



Food Stamp Participation and Local Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Regression analysis was adopted to identify the extent of association between the level of participation in the Food Stamp Program in specified communities and the availability of local welfare services; local fiscal conditions; local levels of unemployme...

W. B. Epps



Local Food Systems: Concepts, Impacts, and Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This comprehensive overview of local food systems explores alternative definitions of local food, estimates market size and reach, describes the characteristics of local consumers and producers, and examines early indications of the economic and health im...

M. Da Pra M. Hand S. Clark S. Martinez S. Pollack S. Vogel



Practical application of local anesthetics.  


Local anesthetics are widely used in the practice of medicine, particularly within the field of interventional radiology. When used properly, these agents are safe and effective in preventing procedural pain and treating postprocedural pain. The clinician should be aware of proper dosing regimens, techniques, and applications and the methods of preventing and treating complications of systemic toxicity, allergy, and methemoglobinemia. This review provides an introduction to the pharmacology and optimal use of local anesthetics and current strategies for minimizing and managing their potential risks. PMID:21146999

Culp, William C; Culp, William C



The Louisiana Go Local Experience  

PubMed Central

Between 2006 and 2009, two health sciences librarians at Baton Rouge General Medical Center created and launched the Louisiana segment of the National Library of Medicine’s Go Local program, whose ultimate goal was to improve the health information-seeking experience of the general public. Louisiana Go Local was successfully launched in October 2009, but in spring 2010, the national umbrella project was cancelled by the National Library of Medicine. This article describes the three-year development of a statewide database of health services descriptions and contact information to assist non-expert health information seekers in finding those health care providers located geographically closest to them.

Fahrmann, Melissa; Pesch, Wendy T.



``Campo del Cielo'' Meteorites: Astronomical Heritage and Cultural Colonialism  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the province of Chaco, Argentina, there is a very unique dispersion of metallic meteorites called ``Campo del Cielo''. One of the meteoric fragments of this dispersion, the meteorite called ``El Chaco'', consisting of 37 tons, is the second heaviest in the world. These meteorites are of great importance to the worldview of the Moqoit, aboriginal people that inhabit this region. For the local Creole population the meteorites are also relevant, that's why they have being cited in numerous documents and reports since the colonial period. During the first months of 2012, two Argentine artists and the Artistic Director of the German contemporary art exhibition called dOCUMENTA (13) tried to move ``El Chaco'' meteorite to Germany in order to exhibit it as an artistic object. Due to the fact that moving the meteorite could have a negative impact according to the Moqoit cosmology and that they were not able to participate in the decision they begun a manifestation against the movement of El Chaco. The opposition made by aboriginal communities and experts in cultural astronomy was able to stop the transfer. The whole process and its impact on the local community have promoted a deep discussion about art, science and cultural colonialism. In this paper we aim to address this debate and its consequences. This will allow us to think about contemporary forms of colonialism that are hidden in many scientific and artistic projects. Furthermore, we aim to debate about the most effective ways of protecting astronomical heritage in the Third World.

López, Alejandro Martín; Altman, Agustina



Declaración del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer sobre los exámenes selectivos de detección de cáncer de seno

El Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (NCI) agradece la cuidadosa revisión y análisis que ha hecho la Brigada de Servicios Preventivos de los Estados Unidos de la evidencia con respecto a los exámenes de detección de cáncer de seno para mujeres que tienen un riesgo del promedio.Preguntas y Repuestas


Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 3 de enero de 2012

Dra. Rachel Ballard-Barbash Nuevos indicios del papel de la obesidad en el cáncer A medida que ha aumentado la prevalencia de la obesidad alrededor del mundo, se ha incrementado también la preocupación sobre sus consecuencias en la salud pública. Los índices de obesidad se han más que duplicado desde 1980, según la Organización Mundial de la Salud.


Preguntas y respuestas acerca del Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR)

El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR, por sus siglas en inglés) es un estudio clínico (un estudio de investigación conducido con voluntarios) diseñado para ver cómo el medicamento raloxifeno (Evista®) se compara con el medicamento tamoxifeno (Nolvadex®) en reducir la incidencia de cáncer del seno en las mujeres con alto riesgo de desarrollar la enfermedad.


Toxicidade da restauração de amálgama: revisão da literatura  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review was carried out concerning the possible risks of the use of amalgam in regard to the toxicity of mercury. Despite the fact that the American Dental Association (ADA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do support the use of amalgam, it is noticed that still today there are controversies regarding its use. In many countries such




Intertextual Sexual Politics: Illness and Desire in Enrique Gomez Carrillo's "Del amor", "del dolor y del vicio" and Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the intertextuality between Aurora Caceres's "La rosa muerta" (1914) and the novel "Del amor, del dolor y del vicio" (1898) by her ex-husband, Enrique Gomez Carrillo. Caceres strategically mentions Gomez Carrillo's novel in "La rosa muerta" to invite a reading of her work in dialogue with his. Both narratives follow the sexual…

LaGreca, Nancy



The salih ataxia mutation impairs rubicon endosomal localization.  


We previously described a new form of recessive ataxia, Salih ataxia, in a large consanguineous Saudi Arabian family with three affected children carrying a new identified mutation in the KIAA0226 gene (c.2624delC; p.Ala875ValfsX146) coding for Rubicon. The pathogenicity of such mutation remains to be identified. Hence, we address the cellular impact of Rubicon p.Ala875ValfsX146 on endosomal/lysosomal machinery on cultured cells. We confirm that Rubicon colocalizes with the late endosome marker Rab7 and demonstrate that it also colocalizes with LampI at lysosomes. The Salih ataxia mutation leads to a diffuse cytosolic distribution and mislocalized protein from the late endosomes, indicating that deletion of the diacylglycerol binding-like motif in the mutant protein interferes with normal Rubicon subcellular localization and confirming the pathogenicity of the mutation. PMID:23728897

Assoum, M; Salih, M A; Drouot, N; Hnia, K; Martelli, A; Koenig, M



Practical Application of Local Anesthetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local anesthetics are widely used in the practice of medicine, particularly within the field of interventional radiology. When used properly, these agents are safe and effective in preventing procedural pain and treating postprocedural pain. The clinician should be aware of proper dosing regimens, techniques, and applications and the methods of preventing and treating complications of systemic toxicity, allergy, and methemoglobinemia.

William C. Culp



Local Excision of Rectal Tumors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In endoscopically non-resectable benign rectal tumors, local excision is the treatment of choice. Furthermore, patients with early rectal carcinomas can be cured by a transanal excision. A transanal approach may also be justified considering the higher morbidity and mortality rates of a transabdominal procedure. Patients and Method: 57 patients with rectal tumors were treated with a transanal excision. In

Heinz Wykypiel; Friedrich Conrad; Anton Klingler; Reinhard Mittermair; Jörg Tschmelitsch



Object Localization by Bayesian Correlation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maximisation of cross-correlation is a commonly used prin- ciple for intensity-based object localization that gives a sin- gle estimate of location. However, to facilitate sequential inference (eg over time or scale) and to allow the representa- tion of ambiguity, it is desirable to represent an entire prob- ability distribution for object location. Although the cross- correlation itself (or some function

Josephine Sullivan; Andrew Blake; Michael Isard; John Maccormick



Electrode burns during local hyperthermia.  


A patient presenting with carcinoma of the breast was treated with local hyperthermia by short wave diathermy. During the procedure she suffered severe burns at the site of the ECG electrodes as a result of concentration of the induced current. PMID:8471386

Stott, D G; Wallbank, W A



FM-based indoor localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major challenge for accurate fingerprint-based indoor localization is the design of robust and discriminative wireless signatures. Even though WiFi RSSI signatures are widely available indoors, they vary significantly over time and are susceptible to human presence, multipath, and fading due to the high operating frequency. To overcome these limitations, we propose to use FM broadcast radio signals for robust

Yin Chen; Dimitrios Lymberopoulos; Jie Liu; Bodhi Priyantha



Dynamics of weakly localized waves.  


We develop a transport theory to describe the dynamics of (weakly) localized waves in a quasi-1D tube geometry both in reflection and in transmission. We compare our results to recent experiments with microwaves and to other theories, such as random matrix theory and supersymmetric theory. PMID:15089135

Skipetrov, S E; van Tiggelen, B A



Workplace Learning: Explicating Local Storylines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers at Kulai Aboriginal Preschool have developed big books for children based on stories told by the local Elders. The process followed was a validation of MacNaughton and Williams' (1999:54-56) call for early childhood educators to \\

Leanne Fisher; Julie Carey; Helen Edwards


State Space Local Linear Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local linear prediction is one of several methods that have been applied to pre- diction of real time series including financial time series. The difference from global linear prediction is that, for every single point prediction, a different linear autore- gressive (AR) model is estimated based only on a number of selected past scalar data segments. Geometrically, these data segments

D. Kugiumtzis


Prostate brachytherapy under local anesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Local anesthesia for prostate brachytherapy was instituted at the Puget Sound Veterans Hospital in 1999, peforming the procedure in our own department without anesthesia personnel in attendance. Materials and Methods: The patient is brought into the simulator suite in the radiation oncology department, an i.v. line is started, a cardiac monitor attached, and a urinary catheter is inserted. He

Kent Wallner



Hypothermia and localized cold injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accidental hypothermia and localized cold injuries remain a significant public health problem. The deleterious effect of cold exposure on human performance and health has been documented for centuries. Some of the earliest descriptions came from Baron de Larrey, Napoleon's chief surgeon. During the disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812 he depicted the mental and physical hardships endured by the French

Andrew S. Ulrich; Niels K. Rathlev



Localized gravity in string theory.  


We propose a string realization of the AdS4 brane in AdS5 that is known to localize gravity. Our theory is M D5 branes in the near horizon geometry of N D3 branes, where M and N are appropriately tuned. PMID:11497820

Karch, A; Randall, L



Local journals for international research?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The above question may sound a little anomalous, after all, isn't it obvious that “international” scientific research should be published in international journals? The logic of such an argument, however, may not be as self-evident as it would seem, particularly if we define “international” research as that research done in cooperation with colleagues from abroad or in countries other than our own.Scientists often feel pressure to publish their work in journals that have wide circulation, thus promoting their work in order to get support for additional proposals. Yet I believe that a case can still be made for publishing a part of an international work in an appropriate local journal. I am not suggesting a proliferation of the literature by publishing a translation or republishing a paper. However, I believe there are many facets to each research program and that papers meeting the high quality standards of international journals may also be appropriate for local journals. Each research program and each paper should be considered on its own merits. Reasons an author may choose to publish in a local journal include reaching a more appropriate audience, presenting a topic that may be covered frequently in international journals but neglected in local ones, and exposing the work in a language other than English.

Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.


Cooperative Localization in Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-aware technologies will revolutionize many aspects of commercial, public service, and military sectors, and are expected to spawn numerous unforeseen applications. A new era of highly accurate ubiquitous location-awareness is on the horizon, enabled by a paradigm of cooperation between nodes. In this paper, we give an overview of cooperative localization approaches and apply them to ultrawide bandwidth (UWB) wireless

Henk Wymeersch; Jaime Lien; Moe Z. Win



Localization for anisotropic sensor networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the issue of localization in anisotropic sensor networks. Anisotropic networks are differentiated from isotropic networks in that they possess properties that vary according to the direction of measurement. Anisotropic characteristics result from various factors such as the geographic shape of the region (non-convex region), the different node densities, the irregular radio patterns, and the anisotropic

Hyuk Lim; Jennifer C. Hou



Developing Photoactivated Localization Microscopy (PALM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In conventional biological imaging, diffraction places a limit on the minimal xy distance at which two marked objects can be discerned. Consequently, resolution of target molecules within cells is typically coarser by two orders of magnitude than the molecular scale at which the proteins are spatially distributed. Photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM) optically resolves selected subsets of protect fluorescent probes within

Georges H. Patterson; Eric Betzig; Jennifer Lippincott-schwartz; Harald F. Hess



Local structure of nanoporous carbons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The local atomic structure of nanoporous carbons produced by pyrolysis of poly(furfuryl alcohol) at various temperatures has been studied using neutron diffraction. Atomic pair distribution functions (PDFs) were obtained from the neutron data. Structure models have been fitted to the PDFs to understand the fine features of atomic ordering. It has been found that carbons produced at 800 and 1200

V. Petkov; R. G. Difrancesco; S. J. L. Billinge; M. Acharya; H. C. Foley



Local structure of nanoporous carbons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The local atomic structure of nanoporous carbons produced by pyrolysis of poly(furfuryl alcohol) at various temperatures has been studied using neutron diffraction. Atomic pair distribution functions (PDFs) were obtained from the neutron data. Structure models have been fitted to the PDFs to understand the fine features of atomic ordering. It has been found that carbons produced at 800 and 1200°C

V. Petkov; R. G. Difrancesco; S. J. L. Billinge; M. Acharya; H. C. Foley



Arthur Smith, Local Baptist Pastor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written and published by the students at Gary High School this volume has three articles dealing with East Texas life. The first "Arthur Smith" (David Hancock and others) is an account of growing up in Marian County, Texas is described by the local Baptist minister. The pastor begins with the year of his birth and gives detailed information about…

Heaton, Moss, Ed.



Localized eigenfunctions in Seba billiards  

SciTech Connect

We describe some new families of quasimodes for the Laplacian perturbed by the addition of a potential formally described by a Dirac delta function. As an application, we find, under some additional hypotheses on the spectrum, subsequences of eigenfunctions of Seba billiards that localize around a pair of unperturbed eigenfunctions.

Keating, J. P.; Marklof, J. [School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Winn, B. [School of Mathematics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU (United Kingdom)



Transient phase-space localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that dynamics can, in general, be used to enhance the coherence of a Hamiltonian ensemble and we analyze the transient coherence using the coarse-grained entropy. We illustrate this concept using a Rydberg atom subject to an impulsive momentum transfer or ``kick.'' Classical simulations predict that the wave packet generated by the kick undergoes strong transient phase-space localization, which

C. L. Stokely; F. B. Dunning; C. O. Reinhold; A. K. Pattanayak



Primary cutaneous localized amyloid elastosis.  


Amyloid elastosis is a rare form of cutaneous amyloidosis characterized histologically by the deposition of amyloid-coating elastic fibers of the skin. To date, only 4 cases have been reported, all of them in the setting of systemic amyloidosis. We present the first case of primary cutaneous localized amyloid elastosis. PMID:19940751

Santos-Briz, Angel; Cañueto, Javier; Antúnez, Patricia; Bravo, Javier; García-Sanz, Ramón; de Unamuno, Pablo



Energy Based Acoustic Source Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel source localization approach using acoustic energy measurements from the individual sensors in the sensor field is presented. This new approach is based on the acoustic energy decay model that acoustic energy decays inverse of distance square under the conditions that the sound propagates in the free and homogenous space and the targets are pre-detected to be in a

Xiaohong Sheng; Yu-Hen Hu



Local Government at the Nexus?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modernisation of local government in the UK, pursued by Labour governments since 1997, has covered many, often conflicting elements. Councils have been encouraged to be both strategic ‘place shapers’ and also involved in the nurturing of democratic engagement. This latter theme of ‘democratic renewal’ has in itself contained paradoxical elements, but has been a consistent focus of attention. This

Neil Barnett



Local Search for Grid Scheduling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work introduces local search based algorithms as a new technique for the Grid scheduling problem. Specific algorithms based on dispatching rules and lo- cal search were proposed and implemented to gener- ate schedule for dynamically arriving jobs. Algorithm performance was compared with typical queue-based algorithms on the basis of objective function optimi- sation and time required to generate scheduling

Ranieri Baraglia; Gabriele Capannini


Universities: Engaging with Local Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This leaflet illustrates the many ways in which universities impact on the local area. Universities are a major contributor to the economy in their own right, both as employers and purchasers of goods. Their social and cultural influence is also felt through their provision of: (1) art galleries, museums and exhibitions; (2) cinemas and theatres;…

Universities UK, 2010



Local Actors in Global Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization and the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have enabled a variety of local political actors to enter international arenas once exclusive to national states. Multiple types of claim-making and oppositional politics articulate these developments. Going global has been partly facilitated and conditioned by the infrastructure of the global economy, even as the latter is often the object of

Saskia Sassen




Microsoft Academic Search

We give a constructive localic account of the completion of quasimetric spaces. In the context of Lawvere's approach, using enriched categories, the points of the completion are flat left modules over the quasimetric space. The completion is a triquotient surjective image of a space of Cauchy sequences and can also be embedded in a continuous dcpo, the \\

Steven Vickers



Collaboration in local tourism policymaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collaborations among stakeholders to develop policies for a destination are the subject of growing interest among researchers and managers. This paper presents an analytical framework to assess whether local collaborative arrangements are inclusionary and involve collective learning and consensus-building. The framework considers whether or not specific collaborations reduce the power imbalances between stakeholders, and it develops the concept of partial

Bill Bramwell; Angela Sharman



Lip localization and performance evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although impressive achievement has been made in the field of lip localization, there is no clear picture showing that which algorithms or methods have technical advantages over others. It is partly due to the fact that the commonly agreed evaluation methodology has not been established yet in the field. The common practice is using manual lip labelling as the ground

S. ur Rehman; Li Liu; Haibo Li



Localized Gravity in String Theory  

SciTech Connect

We propose a string realization of the AdS{sub 4} brane in AdS{sub 5} that is known to localize gravity. Our theory is M D5 branes in the near horizon geometry of N D3 branes, where M and N are appropriately tuned.

Karch, Andreas; Randall, Lisa



Local Decisions and Global Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Impact of economic and urban planning on the natural environment can be studied through local situations: California conservation students realized the detrimental effects of a seemingly beneficial dam project. Students were inspired to initiate community-state action to correct damage to wildlife, sanitation, and farming. (AV)

King, David C.; Long, Cathryn J.



MMASS Approach to Localization Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the application of the multilayered multi agent situated system (MMASS) model to localization problems. In the context of multi agent system based modelling and distributed problem solving, the MMASS model allows explicit representation of the environment structure where agents are situated, and provides spatial dependant agent behavior and interaction mechanisms. These aspects are of particular relevance in

Stefania Bandini; Sara Manzoni; Giuseppe Vizzari



Local anesthesia for cesarean section  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local infiltration anesthesia as a primary technique for cesarean section is very rarely used and is not even briefly mentioned in some modern textbooks. Most of our references come from the third world countries where there may be a single operator and a lack of anesthetic personnel, equipment, and supplies. It has been used as recently as 1996 in the

Meena Nandagopal



A Local View of Cancer  

PubMed Central

Research on solid tumors has had limited emphasis on interactions between transformed cells and their neighbors within the epithelium. Leung and Brugge (2012) use cultured breast cancer acini to demonstrate the importance of local interactions between normal and transformed epithelial cells, with important implications for our understanding of epithelial cancers.

Cagan, Ross L.; Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A.



A local view of cancer.  


Research on solid tumors has had limited emphasis on interactions between transformed cells and their neighbors within the epithelium. Leung and Brugge (2012) use cultured breast cancer acini to demonstrate the importance of local interactions between normal and transformed epithelial cells, with important implications for our understanding of epithelial cancers. PMID:22421038

Cagan, Ross L; Aguirre-Ghiso, Julio A



Local Area Networks: Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five approaches used by industry/colleges to provide local area network (LAN) capabilities in the analytical laboratory: (1) mixed baseband bus network coupled to a star net; (2) broadband bus network; (3) ring network; (4) star network coupled to broadband net; and (5) simple multiprocessor center. Part I (September issue) focused on…

Dessy, Raymond E., Ed.



Noise Localization after Unilateral Attenuation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial hearing loss was simulated by insertion of V51-R plastic ear plugs. Subjects wore plugs continuously for periods ranging from six hours to three days. Predictable shifts in localization errors were observed when the stimulus was a broad-band noise...

R. W. Bauer J. L. Matuzsa R. F. Blackmer S. Glucksberg




Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate properties of a certain countably infl- nite graph called the inflnite locally random graph, written RN: The graph RN arises in the study of models for massive, self- organizing networks like the web graph. We characterize the iso- morphism type of RN as a limit of a random process, and via a domination elimination ordering. We prove that



Local Evaluation of Chemistry Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the evaluation of local usage statistics of a specific set of chemistry journals at the University of Denver in Colorado, USA. The objective of the study is to demonstrate that commercial publishers in chemistry charge considerably more for their journals than those from the non-commercial sector. There are three variables…

Kraus, Joseph R.; Hansen, Rachel



Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Visual Localization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer-based display system has been designed and built enabling the investigation of the processes underlying spatial localization. Among the results obtained in the past year with the use of this device are: (a) Eye movements play a significant role...

C. A. Burbeck



Local Control of Blood Flow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organ blood flow is determined by perfusion pressure and vasomotor tone in the resistance vessels of the organ. Local factors that regulate vasomotor tone include myogenic and metabolic autoregulation, flow-mediated and conducted responses, and vasoactive substances released from red blood cells. The relative importance of each of these factors…

Clifford, Philip S.



Local flicker stimulation evokes local retinal blood velocity changes.  


We investigated the effect of localized visual stimulation on human retinal blood velocity using an adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO). To measure the blood velocity response, the AOSLO scanning raster was moved over the target arteries and red blood cell velocity was measured. Localized visual stimuli were delivered by projecting flicker patterns inside or outside the target artery's downstream region. The blood velocity increased in the presence of a flicker stimulus in the downstream region but not when outside the downstream region. The blood velocity increased more with larger area of stimulation. This increase was significant even when the stimulus was smaller than 600 ?m × 600 ?m. These findings suggest that when the retina regulates its blood flow to metabolic demands, it regulates blood velocity in the vascular system selectively, according to activity of neurons within its field of influence. PMID:22661609

Zhong, Zhangyi; Huang, Gang; Chui, Toco Yuen Ping; Petrig, Benno L; Burns, Stephen A



Thinking locally, acting locally? Conscious consumers and farmers’ markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of a more reflexive and discerning customer has created inter alia a demand for ‘better’ food (i.e. quality and ‘authenticity’) in terms of sourcing, processing, and specialist distribution\\/retailing. As a consequence, the food production\\/distribution industry is under pressure to change many of its practices. One manifestation is the emergence of farmers' markets and the associated emphasis on ‘local

Morven G. McEachern; Gary Warnaby; Marylyn Carrigan; Isabelle Szmigin



Sacroplasty for Local or Massive Localization of Multiple Myeloma  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of cementoplasty in the treatment of sacral multiple myelomas. We retrospectively reviewed the records of eight patients (four women and four men; age range 47-68 years; mean age 57.8) who underwent cementoplasty for painful osteolytic localization of multiple myeloma between April 2007 and May 2009. The patients had difficulty walking because of increasing pain. Six patients had persistent pain despite other cementoplasties for vertebral and femoral localization, whereas two patients referred at the time of diagnosis had only sacral lesions. The clinical indication for treatment was (1) a pain intensity score {>=}5 on visual analogue scale (VAS) and (2) pain totally or partially refractory to analgesic treatment in patients with a life expectancy >3 months. Technical planning was based on computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance imaging. Six patients had previously undergone radiotherapy or chemotherapy and were receiving varying doses of analgesics, whereas sacroplasty represented the first treatment for two patients. Five patients had monolateral local involvement, and the other patients had massive involvement of the sacrum; Technical success was achieved in all cases. We had only one small and asymptomatic foraminal leak. All patients experienced improvement in symptoms after the procedure, as demonstrated by improved VAS scores and performance status (PS) and decreased analgesic dose constant during follow-up. In our experience, percutaneous stabilization can be used effectively and safely in patients with focal or extensive involvement of the sacrum by multiple myeloma.

Basile, Antonio, E-mail: [Ospedale Ferrarotto, via Citelli 6, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Tsetis, Dimitrios [Medical School of Crete, Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Heraklion (Greece); Cavalli, Maide; Fiumara, Paolo; Raimondo, Francesco Di [Ospedale Ferrarotto, via Citelli 6, Department of Haematology (Italy); Coppolino, Francesco [Policlinico P. Giaccone, Department of Radiology (Italy); Coppolino, Carmelo [Ospedale Ferrarotto, via Citelli 6, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Mundo, Elena [Ospedale Garibaldi, Department of Radiology (Italy); Desiderio, Carla [Ospedale Ferrarotto, via Citelli 6, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Granata, Antonio [Ospedale Vittorio Emanuele, via Plebiscito 125, Department of Nephrology (Italy); Patti, Maria Teresa [Ospedale Ferrarotto, via Citelli 6, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)



LOCAL KNOWLEDGE AND LOCAL POWERNotes on the Ethnography of Local Community Elites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of elites by definition must be concerned with power, and power also enters into the ethnographer's research relationships. The reflexive interplay of knowledge and power in research therefore involves a political act as it affects the differential distribution of knowledge and power in society. The ethnographic study of local community elites specifically requires an understanding of the community




Prolonged duration local anesthesia with minimal toxicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Injectable local anesthetics that would last for many days could have a marked impact on periprocedural care and pain management. Formulations have often been limited in duration of action, or by systemic toxicity, local tissue toxicity from local anesthetics, and inflammation. To address those issues, we developed liposomal formulations of saxitoxin (STX), a compound with ultrapotent local anesthetic properties but

Hila Epstein-Barash; Iris Shichor; Albert H. Kwon; Sherwood Hall; Michael W. Lawlor; Robert Langer; Daniel S. Kohane



Empirical Study on Location Indeterminacy of Localities  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often the case that locality boundaries are not sharply delineated in our mental maps. This paper examines the level of uncertainty involved in perceiving qualitative boundaries of urban vs. rural localities. To measure location indeterminacy of locality, we begin with modeling locality as fuzzy region or also known as egg-yolk model which is composed of core, boundary, and

Sungsoon Hwang; Jean-Claude Thill



Governance and Isomorphism in Local Philanthropy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance issues facing local philanthropy are explored from the perspectives of grantmaking foundations, governance approaches sought locally and localized institutional vehicles, such as community foundations. Case examples of philanthropic action and governance issues are considered, in UK and Japanese contexts, and advocacy of stakeholder approaches to governance of philanthropy reviewed. The countervailing pressures of isomorphism as locally-based organizations seek to

Jenny Harrow




Microsoft Academic Search

Local density (the number of firms vying for similar resources in a local environment) has been overlooked in explaining foreign subsidiary performance. This study drew upon the concepts of liability of foreignness and density dependence to examine how local density within a host country affected performance—directly and indirectly— through effects on market experience and strategic conformity. We found that local

Stewart R. Miller; LORRAINE EDEN


Convexity and Bayesian constrained local models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate localization of facial features plays a fundamental role in any face recognition pipeline. Constrained local models (CLM) provide an effective approach to localization by coupling ensembles of local patch detectors for non-rigid object alignment. A recent improvement has been made by using generic convex quadratic fitting (CQF), which elegantly addresses the CLM warp update by enforcing convexity of

Ulrich Paquet



Passive Localization Methods based on Distributed Phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is devoted to methods for localizing individual sensor nodes connected in a network. The novelty of the proposed method is the model-based approach (i.e., rigorous exploitation of physical background knowledge) using local observations of a distributed phenomenon. By unobtrusively exploiting background phenomena, the individual sensor nodes can be localized by only locally measuring its surrounding without the necessity

Felix Sawo; Thomas C. Henderson; Christopher Sikorski; Uwe D. Hanebeck


Ear localization using hierarchical clustering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ear biometrics has been found to be a good and reliable technique for human recognition. With the initial doubts on uniqueness of the ear, ear biometrics could not attract much attention. But after it has been said that it is almost impossible to find two ears with all the parts identical, ear biometrics has gained its pace. To automate the ear based recognition process, ear in the image is required to be localized automatically. This paper presents a technique for the same. Ear localization in the proposed technique is carried out by using the hierarchical clustering of the edges obtained from the side face image. The technique is tested on a database consisting of 500 side face images of human faces collected at IIT Kanpur. It is found to be giving 94.6% accuracy.

Prakash, Surya; Jayaraman, Umarani; Gupta, Phalguni



Ecological genomics of local adaptation.  


It is increasingly important to improve our understanding of the genetic basis of local adaptation because of its relevance to climate change, crop and animal production, and conservation of genetic resources. Phenotypic patterns that are generated by spatially varying selection have long been observed, and both genetic mapping and field experiments provided initial insights into the genetic architecture of adaptive traits. Genomic tools are now allowing genome-wide studies, and recent theoretical advances can help to design research strategies that combine genomics and field experiments to examine the genetics of local adaptation. These advances are also allowing research in non-model species, the adaptation patterns of which may differ from those of traditional model species. PMID:24136507

Savolainen, Outi; Lascoux, Martin; Merilä, Juha



Local fluctuations in solution mixtures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An extension of the traditional Kirkwood-Buff (KB) theory of solutions is outlined which provides additional fluctuating quantities that can be used to characterize and probe the behavior of solution mixtures. Particle-energy and energy-energy fluctuations for local regions of any multicomponent solution are expressed in terms of experimentally obtainable quantities, thereby supplementing the usual particle-particle fluctuations provided by the established KB inversion approach. The expressions are then used to analyze experimental data for pure water over a range of temperatures and pressures, a variety of pure liquids, and three binary solution mixtures - methanol and water, benzene and methanol, and aqueous sodium chloride. In addition to providing information on local properties of solutions it is argued that the particle-energy and energy-energy fluctuations can also be used to test and refine solute and solvent force fields for use in computer simulation studies.

Ploetz, Elizabeth A.; Smith, Paul E.



[Cardiac arrest and local anaesthetics].  


Local anaesthetics may induce cardiac arrest, usually because of rapid absorption from the site of injection or because of an intended intravascular injection. Early central nervous system symptoms usually precede seizures. Cardiac arrhythmias follow the CNS signs. These arrhythmias often resolve with the i.v. bolus injection of 100 to 150mL of a lipid emulsion (20% Intralipid(®)). Although long acting local anaesthetics (bupivacaine, ropivacaine, levobupivacaine) are predominantly involved in this cardiac toxicity, lidocaine may also induce cardiac arrhythmias and clinician must be aware of this risk. In case of cardiac arrest, resuscitation manoeuvres are of major importance. They need to be performed immediately and the efficacy of the lipid rescue requires a correct coronary flow to be efficacious. Finally, prevention is the key of a safe injection. It is important to control the dose, to inject slowly, without any excessive pressure and to verify that no blood reflux occurs. PMID:22704068

Mazoit, Jean-Xavier



Insulinoma: pathophysiology, localization and management  

PubMed Central

Insulinoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor that causes oversecretion of insulin and, as a result, patients present with symptoms of hypoglycemia. Fortunately, insulinomas are usually benign and solitary, and surgical cure rates are highly favorable. Most of these tumors occur sporadically, but they can also be associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 syndrome. The diagnosis is confirmed by a supervised fast, and early detection is important. Several preoperative and intraoperative techniques with various success rates have been employed in order to localize the lesion. When technically feasible, tumor enucleation is the procedure of choice; however, a more formal resection may be necessary for certain tumors. In the age of laparoscopy, the role of laparoscopic surgery in the management of insulinomas is continuing to attract attention. This review will discuss the historical background, pathogenesis, diagnosis, localization and management of insulinomas.

Shin, Joyce J; Gorden, Phillip; Libutti, Steven K



Restoring San Xavier del Bac, "Our Church": Tohono O'odham Work to Restore the 200-Year-Old Church Built by Their Ancestors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Tohono O'odham built Mission San Xavier del Bac for Franciscan missionaries in the late 1700s and have protected and cared for it through changing circumstances ever since. As part of a massive restoration project, outstanding experts have been restoring the church's painted and sculpted interior and training local Tohono O'odham to be…

Fontana, Bernard L.



Local cloning of entangled qubits  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the exact cloning of orthogonal but entangled qubits under local operations and classical communication. The amount of entanglement necessary in a blank copy is obtained for various cases. Surprisingly, this amount is more than 1 ebit for certain sets of two nonmaximal but equally entangled states of two qubits. To clone any three Bell states, at least log{sub 2} 3 ebit is necessary.

Choudhary, Sujit K.; Kunkri, Samir; Rahaman, Ramij; Roy, Anirban [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B. T. Road, Kolkata 700 108 (India)



Improved MDS-Based Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often useful to know the geographic po- sitions of nodes in a communications network, but adding GPS receivers or other sophisticated sensors to every node can be expensive. MDS-MAP is a recent localization method based on multidimentional scaling (MDS). It uses connec- tivity information—who is within communications range of whom—to derive the locations of the nodes in the

Yi Shang; Wheeler Ruml



Mobilité locale et périurbanisation transfrontalière  

Microsoft Academic Search

Appliquée à l?aire métropolitaine transfrontalière luxembourgeoise, l?analyse du système de mobilité locale, réunissant les interactions entre les déplacements quotidiens et la mobilité résidentielle, permet de mieux appréhender les rouages et les conséquences spatiales d?une spécialisation fonctionnelle mettant concomitamment en oeuvre une polarisation centre-périphérie classique et des différentiels frontaliers. Plus particulièrement, c?est en abordant les pratiques des déplacements domicile-travail ainsi que

GERBER Philippe; KLEIN Olivier; CARPENTIER Samuel



Local structure of polymeric ferrogels  

Microsoft Academic Search

We synthesize hybrid gels incorporating ??Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs), citrate coated, in a polyacrylamide (PAM) network. The local organisation and the rotational degrees of magnetic nanoparticles are probed in the conditions of gel synthesis and also at swelling equilibrium, to correlate the homogeneous\\/inhomogeneous structure of the ferrogels to the synthesis parameters and to their macroscopic elasticity. NP adsorption on the PAM

J. A. Galicia; F. Cousin; E. Dubois; O. Sandre; V. Cabuil; R. Perzynski



Energy Localization in Curved Spacetime  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy distribution in a general spacetime which includes all the physically interesting spacetimes such as the black hole spacetimes as well as the NUT spacetime are evaluated. It has been observed that the NUT spacetime which may be regarded as unphysical shares the same property as that for the physically interesting spacetimes such as Reissner-Nordtrøm and Kerr-Newman spacetimes in the context of energy localization.

Ahmed, M.; Hossain, S. M.




Microsoft Academic Search

This paper builds upon existing work regarding the social contexts of interactive on-line content creation. Through an ethnographic examination of local-level music production and distribution in two American college towns, I demonstrate how musicians cultivate audiences through social capital that is exchanged both on-line and off-line. Active social networking is crucial to their music distribution and promotion. Through digital file

Carey L Sargent



LULUs: locally unwanted land uses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A LULU is a locally unwanted land use. It may be an old-age home or a nuclear-waste-disposal site. People need it but do not want to live next to it. Some characteristics LULUs have in common are: opposition (more or less organized), costs to the neighborhood (real or perceived), support from conservatives for LULUs of the right, support from liberals




Working within local funding trends.  


Like politics, environmentalism, and fashion, there are trends in health care research and funding. According to a series of reports by the Foundation Center-which collects, organizes, and communicates information on U.S. philanthropy-it is important to understand the significant financial and programmatic changes in the way foundations give. For pharmacists considering soliciting grant support, it is critical that they become aware of these trends and be responsive to the local or regional environments that affect funding. PMID:16553471

Pomales-Connors, Irma



Localized mutagenesis in Rhizobium japonicum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The slow-growing soybean symbiont, Rhizobium japonicum, has not readily been accessible so far to classical mutational analysis of genes responsible for symbiotic nitrogen fixation. We have overcome part of this problem by the successful application of a site-directed mutagenesis technique to this organism. The following steps are involved: (i) local Tn5 mutagenesis, in E. coli, of cloned R. japonicum DNA

Matthias Hahn; Hauke Hennecke



Exploiting Relaxation in Local Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Branch-and-bound uses relaxation to prune search trees but sometimes scales poorly to large problems. Conversely, local search often scales well but may be unable to nd optimal solutions, perhaps because it does not exploit relaxation. Both phenomena occur in the construction of low-autocorrelation binary sequences, a problem arising in communi- cation engineering. This paper proposes a hybrid approach to optimiza-

Steven Prestwich



Incremental Locally Linear Fuzzy Classifier  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Optimizing the antecedent part of neuro-fuzzy system is investigated in a number of documents. Current approaches typically\\u000a suffer from high computational complexity or lack of ability to extract knowledge from a given set of training data. In this\\u000a paper, we introduce a novel incremental training algorithm for the class of neuro-fuzzy systems that are structured based\\u000a on local linear classifiers.

Armin Eftekhari; Mojtaba Ahmadieh Khanesar; Mohamad Forouzanfar; Mohammad Teshnehlab


Cannabinoid Receptor Localization in Brain  

Microsoft Academic Search

[^3H]CP 55,940, a radiolabeled synthetic cannabinoid, which is 10-100 times more potent in vivo than Delta^9-tetrahydrocannabinol, was used to characterize and localize a specific cannabinoid receptor in brain sections. The potencies of a series of natural and synthetic cannabinoids as competitors of [^3H]CP 55,940 binding correlated closely with their relative potencies in several biological assays, suggesting that the receptor characterized

Miles Herkenham; Allison B. Lynn; Mark D. Little; M. Ross Johnson; Lawrence S. Melvin; Brian R. de Costa; Kenner C. Rice



Forest commons and local enforcement  

PubMed Central

This article examines the relationship between local enforcement and forests used as commons. It uses a unique multicountry dataset, created over the past 15 years by the International Forestry Resources and Institutions Research Program. Drawing on original enforcement and forest commons data from 9 countries, we find that higher levels of local enforcement have a strong and positive but complex relationship to the probability of forest regeneration. This relationship holds even when the influence of a number of other factors such as user group size, subsistence, and commercial importance of forests, size of forest, and collective action for forest improvement activities is taken into account. Although several of the above factors have a statistically significant relationship to changes in the condition of forest commons, differences in levels of local enforcement strongly moderate their link with forest commons outcomes. The research, using data from diverse political, social, and ecological contexts, shows both the importance of enforcement to forest commons and some of the limits of forest governance through commons arrangements.

Chhatre, Ashwini; Agrawal, Arun



Oregon Health Go Local: A Retrospective Look  

PubMed Central

MedlinePlus® Go Local is the National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health's Internet resource that allows individuals to find health services in their local communities. Oregon Health Go Local recently joined the network of active Go Local projects. This paper describes the planning and development of Oregon Health Go Local, with a discussion of the success and challenges of initiating such a project. Funding, marketing, volunteer coordination, data acquisition, and taxonomy are discussed.

Ford, Emily; Hannon, Todd



Local food systems: concepts, impacts, and issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer demand for food that is locally produced,marketed, and consumed is generating increased interest in local food throughout the United States. As interest grows, so do questions about what constitutes local food and what characterizes local food systems. What Is the Issue? This study provides a comprehensive literature-review-based overview of the current understanding of local food systems, including: alternative defi

Steve Martinez; Michael Hand; Michelle Da Pra; Susan Pollack; Katherine Ralston; Travis Smith; Stephen Vogel; Shellye Clarke; Luanne Lohr; Sarah Low; Constance Newman



Near-field auditory localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although many researchers have examined auditory localization for relatively distant sound sources, very little is known about the spatial perception of sound sources near the head. A series of measurements and experiments have been performed to analyze auditory localization cues and localization performance in the near-field, defined as the region within 1 m of the head. First, a preliminary experiment compared four response methods that allowed subjects to indicate the perceived azimuth, elevation, and distance of a near-field source. The results indicate that a direct-location response, in which the subject simply moves a pointer to the perceived location of the source, is the most accurate response method even when the source is outside the visual field. Next, near-field head related transfer functions (HRTFs) were calculated using a rigid-sphere model of the head and measured using an acoustic manikin and a point source. The resulting HRTFs show that the interaural intensity difference (IID) increases dramatically as a lateral source approaches the head, while the interaural time delay (ITD) is roughly independent of distance. The HRTFs also suggest a possible low-pass spectral distance cue for nearby sources, but failed to show a strong distance-dependence in high-frequency pinna-based elevation cues. Finally, a series of psychoacoustic experiments were performed to evaluate cues. Finally, a series of psychoacoustic experiments were performed to evaluate near-field localization performance. An experiment with a broadband source showed that the overall directional error in the near field (17o) was comparable to previously measured errors in far-field localization. Distance perception accuracy was strongly dependent on azimuth, with the stimulus-response correlation ranging from less than 0.4 in the median plane to 0.85 to the side. Additional experiments showed that distance perception is degraded substantially when listening monaurally or when the stimulus does not contain low-frequency (<3000 Hz) energy. The results of the psychoacoustic experiments demonstrate that listeners are able to make reasonably accurate judgments about the distance of nearby sources, and suggest that these judgments are largely based on distant-dependent changes in the low-frequency IID. (Copies available exclusively from MIT Libraries, Rm. 14- 0551, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307. Ph. 617-253-5668; Fax 617-253-1690.)

Brungart, Douglas S.



Indoor localization using magnetic fields  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indoor localization consists of locating oneself inside new buildings. GPS does not work indoors due to multipath reflection and signal blockage. WiFi based systems assume ubiquitous availability and infrastructure based systems require expensive installations, hence making indoor localization an open problem. This dissertation consists of solving the problem of indoor localization by thoroughly exploiting the indoor ambient magnetic fields comprising mainly of disturbances termed as anomalies in the Earth's magnetic field caused by pillars, doors and elevators in hallways which are ferromagnetic in nature. By observing uniqueness in magnetic signatures collected from different campus buildings, the work presents the identification of landmarks and guideposts from these signatures and further develops magnetic maps of buildings - all of which can be used to locate and navigate people indoors. To understand the reason behind these anomalies, first a comparison between the measured and model generated Earth's magnetic field is made, verifying the presence of a constant field without any disturbances. Then by modeling the magnetic field behavior of different pillars such as steel reinforced concrete, solid steel, and other structures like doors and elevators, the interaction of the Earth's field with the ferromagnetic fields is described thereby explaining the causes of the uniqueness in the signatures that comprise these disturbances. Next, by employing the dynamic time warping algorithm to account for time differences in signatures obtained from users walking at different speeds, an indoor localization application capable of classifying locations using the magnetic signatures is developed solely on the smart phone. The application required users to walk short distances of 3-6 m anywhere in hallway to be located with accuracies of 80-99%. The classification framework was further validated with over 90% accuracies using model generated magnetic signatures representing hallways with different kinds of pillars, doors and elevators. All in all, this dissertation contributes the following: 1) provides a framework for understanding the presence of ambient magnetic fields indoors and utilizing them to solve the indoor localization problem; 2) develops an application that is independent of the user and the smart phones and 3) requires no other infrastructure since it is deployed on a device that encapsulates the sensing, computing and inferring functionalities, thereby making it a novel contribution to the mobile and pervasive computing domain.

Pathapati Subbu, Kalyan Sasidhar


Near Infrared Photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We continued to follow Nova Del 2013 during the period from 31.15 August 2013 UT through 25.18 September 2013 UT using an As:Si bolometer mounted on the 0.76-m infrared telescope of the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). Vega (alpha Lyrae) is used as the standard star.

Cass, A. C.; Carlon, R. L.; Corgan, D. T.; Dykhoff, D. A.; Gehrz, R. D.; Shenoy, D. P.



Andrea del Sarto rehabilitated: a psychoanalytic emendation.  


Ernest Jones's "The Influence of Andrea del Sarto's Wife on His Art" (1913) is an early example of psychoanalysis applied to the study of a prominent painter. Greatly influenced by Freud's Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of His Childhood, Jones gave excessive credence to Vasari's highly prejudicial account of the life of del Sarto, on which the study relied heavily. Jones attempted to account psychologically for the circumstance that del Sarto, though highly skilled and "faultless," was not the equal of the three preeminent masters of the Italian High Renaissance: Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael. Jones's uncritical acceptance of the Vasari biography encouraged him to view Sarto's assumed deficiency as the result of excessive attachment to his wife, a pathological uxoriousness. A contemporary psychoanalytic perspective, with its emphasis on the emotive response of the analyst, requires us to pay attention to the evocative nature of the work of the artist, an approach Jones neglected. In an examination of several paintings, the artist's sensitivity to the position of the spectator is explored, as is the interest in involving the viewer spatially and emotionally. An appreciation for the viewer's position is consistent with a capacity for using projected internal objects for creative purposes. The presence of this capacity suggests a revised view of del Sarto's contribution to art and of his relationship with his wife. PMID:12580329

Trosman, Harry



Quina és la funció del gen clonat?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentem una activitat didàctica complementària per a alumnes de segon de batxillerat. A partir d’una seqüència de nucleòtids del genoma de Paenibacillus barcinonensis determinem la regió codificant d’un gen, la proteïna corresponent i la seva funció. Com a annex s’inclou el guió per a l’alumnat.

Margarita Soriano; Francisca Guerola




Microsoft Academic Search

Es un hecho fácilmente constatable que la actividad económica en gene- ral e industrial en particular se localiza de forma desigual a lo largo de la geografía española. El presente trabajo plantea un modelo que tiene como objetivo analizar la incidencia de las economías externas en la dis- tribución territorial del empleo de los distintos sectores industriales. El modelo incorpora




Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 27 de marzo de 2012

Le invitamos a que comparta esta publicación con sus amigos, familiares y colegas y nos ayude a continuar nuestra misión de difundir las investigaciones más recientes sobre la prevención, el tratamiento y la información del cáncer.


Els títols dels films de Quentin Tarantino : una perspectiva multilingüe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Els títols de films en llengua anglesa són, avui dia, textos (o paratextos) de gran importància cultural en les societats occidentals. En aquest article ens ocupem de dues qüestions: (1) del fenomen —força popular— de la traducció dels títols de pel·lícules en llengua anglesa que arriben al nostres cinemes; repassem les variades tipologies emprades per analitzar les traduccions dels títols

José Santaemilia; Betlem Soler



Análisis del comportamiento estructural de la basílica del Pilar de Zaragoza  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el artículo se presentan los trabajos de desarrollo y validación de un conjunto de modelos estructurales\\u000ade la basílica del Pilar de Zaragoza planteados con el objetivo de aproximar el estado estructural actual del\\u000atemplo y su nivel de seguridad. Los modelos numéricos se han formulado aplicando el MEF en teoría lineal\\u000ay no lineal, incluyendo el proceso constructivo

Luis E. Romera; Santiago Hernández; José Manuel Reinosa



Boletín del Instituto Nacional del Cáncer - 31 de enero de 2012

Dr. Nils Daulaire Salud mundial a través de la colaboración y el liderazgo Para conmemorar el Día Mundial del Cáncer que tuvo lugar el 4 febrero, el doctor Nils Daulaire, director de la Oficina de Asuntos Internacionales del Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos habla sobre las razones por las cuales los Estados Unidos deben participar en iniciativas para mejorar la salud mundial.


Local copying and local discrimination as a study for nonlocality of a set of states  

SciTech Connect

We focus on the nonlocality concerning local copying and local discrimination, especially for a set of orthogonal maximally entangled states in any prime dimensional system, as a study of nonlocality of a set of states. As a result, for such a set, we completely characterize deterministic local copiability and show that local copying is more difficult than local discrimination.

Owari, Masaki [ERATO Quantum Computation and Information Project, JST, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Hayashi, Masahito [ERATO Quantum Computation and Information Project, JST, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Superrobust Computation Project Information, Science and Technology Strategic Core (COE), Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)



Problems in local emergency management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local governments (county and city) take the most active role in responding to natural and manmade disasters, yet very little is understood about the role of the emergency manager-the administrator who organizes and coordinates the emergency response of a community. This article describes the more common organizational niches that emergency managers are placed into, and it examines some of the political, institutional, and budgetary constraints that hinder the emergency manager's operations. Finally, it suggests strategies for solving these problems and identifies areas for further research.

Labadie, John R.



Nuclear scission and quantum localization.  


We examine nuclear scission within a fully quantum-mechanical microscopic framework, focusing on the nonlocal aspects of the theory. Using (240)Pu hot fission as an example, we discuss the identification of the fragments and the calculation of their kinetic, excitation, and interaction energies, through the localization of the orbital wave functions. We show that the disentanglement of the fragment wave functions is essential to the quantum-mechanical definition of scission and the calculation of physical observables. Finally, we discuss the fragments' prescission excitation mechanisms and give a nonadiabatic description of their evolution beyond scission. PMID:22026846

Younes, W; Gogny, D



Local Observation in Eternal Inflation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider landscape models that admit several regions where the conditions for eternal inflation hold. It is shown that one can use the no-boundary wave function to calculate small departures from homogeneity within our past light cone despite the possibility of much larger fluctuations on super horizon scales. The dominant contribution comes from the history exiting eternal inflation at the lowest value of the potential. In a class of landscape models this predicts a tensor to scalar ratio of about 10%. In this way the no-boundary wave function defines a measure for the prediction of local cosmological observations.

Hartle, James; Hawking, S. W.; Hertog, Thomas



Nuclear Scission and Quantum Localization  

SciTech Connect

We examine nuclear scission within a fully quantum-mechanical microscopic framework, focusing on the nonlocal aspects of the theory. Using {sup 240}Pu hot fission as an example, we discuss the identification of the fragments and the calculation of their kinetic, excitation, and interaction energies, through the localization of the orbital wave functions. We show that the disentanglement of the fragment wave functions is essential to the quantum-mechanical definition of scission and the calculation of physical observables. Finally, we discuss the fragments' prescission excitation mechanisms and give a nonadiabatic description of their evolution beyond scission.

Younes, W.; Gogny, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)



Localization of tissue pathological changes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present paper is devoted to develop the universal scheme for biological object macrostructure spectral visualization. Correct realization of this task was done with 3D simulation of optical radiation propagation through multiple scattered media. Simulation was put into practice by Monte Carlo statistical technique. TracePro by Lambda Research Corporation with built-in Monte Carlo was chosen as the basic virtual environment. Obtained results are the base for creation an algorithm of optical superficial inhomogeneous registration and spatial localization in arbitrary structure tissues that may be used in noninvasive macro diagnosis.

Sindyaeva, Alexandra R.; Zakharov, Valery P.



Nuclear Scission and Quantum Localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine nuclear scission within a fully quantum-mechanical microscopic framework, focusing on the nonlocal aspects of the theory. Using Pu240 hot fission as an example, we discuss the identification of the fragments and the calculation of their kinetic, excitation, and interaction energies, through the localization of the orbital wave functions. We show that the disentanglement of the fragment wave functions is essential to the quantum-mechanical definition of scission and the calculation of physical observables. Finally, we discuss the fragments’ prescission excitation mechanisms and give a nonadiabatic description of their evolution beyond scission.

Younes, W.; Gogny, D.



On local isodynamicity in tokamaks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that local isodynamicity (i.e., the constancy of the absolute value of the magnetic field on a magnetic surface) can take place at the periphery of the tokamak near the separatrix with an internal X point. An isodynamic layer including several magnetic surfaces cannot exist in a tokamak because the safety factor q is too low and the shape of the surfaces is predetermined. The layered and global isodynamicity is possible in pinches with low values of q (Palumbo's configuration).

Skovoroda, A. A.



High precision localization of bacteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A small variation of bacterium size has great impact on their ability to cope with the new environment. This variation is not traceable in bacterium images as they may be less than a pixel width. In this paper, we present a method for high precision localization and dimension estimation of bacteria in microscopic images. Experiments on simulated data, shows that our method can achieve more accurate estimation of bacterium dimension in comparing with state-of-the-art sub-pixel cell outlining tool.

Hosseini, Mohammadreza; Sowmya, Arcot; Vallotton, Pascal; Bednarz, Tomasz



Robust multiplatform RF emitter localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, position based services has increase. Thus, recent developments in communications and RF technology have enabled system concept formulations and designs for low-cost radar systems using state-of-the-art software radio modules. This research is done to investigate a novel multi-platform RF emitter localization technique denoted as Position-Adaptive RF Direction Finding (PADF). The formulation is based on the investigation of iterative path-loss (i.e., Path Loss Exponent, or PLE) metrics estimates that are measured across multiple platforms in order to autonomously adapt (i.e. self-adjust) of the location of each distributed/cooperative platform. Experiments conducted at the Air-Force Research laboratory (AFRL) indicate that this position-adaptive approach exhibits potential for accurate emitter localization in challenging embedded multipath environments such as in urban environments. The focus of this paper is on the robustness of the distributed approach to RF-based location tracking. In order to localize the transmitter, we use the Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) data to approximate distance from the transmitter to the revolving receivers. We provide an algorithm for on-line estimation of the Path Loss Exponent (PLE) that is used in modeling the distance based on Received Signal Strength (RSS) measurements. The emitter position estimation is calculated based on surrounding sensors RSS values using Least-Square Estimation (LSE). The PADF has been tested on a number of different configurations in the laboratory via the design and implementation of four IRIS wireless sensor nodes as receivers and one hidden sensor as a transmitter during the localization phase. The robustness of detecting the transmitters position is initiated by getting the RSSI data through experiments and then data manipulation in MATLAB will determine the robustness of each node and ultimately that of each configuration. The parameters that are used in the functions are the median values of RSSI and rms values. From the result it is determined which configurations possess high robustness. High values obtained from the robustness function indicate high robustness, while low values indicate lower robustness.

Al Issa, Huthaifa; Ordóñez, Raúl



Creating a Local Field Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners survey living organisms near where they live or go to school, and create a local field guide. Learners discover the value of conducting long-term observations of an ecosystem as the best way to understand how all of its parts work together. Working individually or together, learners hunt for organisms under rocks, between bushes, in shaded corners, etc., to identify at least five items in four categories of living organisms, such as birds, plants, and insects and note their characteristics and behaviors. This activity can be found on pages 16-17 of the activity guide.




Estudio para la prevención del cáncer necesita voluntarias: El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR) se realiza en Norteamérica

El Estudio del Tamoxifeno y Raloxifeno (STAR, por sus siglas en inglés), uno de los estudios más importantes realizados para la prevención del cáncer del seno, está ahora reclutando voluntarias en más de 400 centros en los Estados Unidos, Puerto Rico y Canadá.


Local area networks for radiology.  


This article is a tutorial on local area networks (LAN) for radiology applications. LANs are being implemented in radiology departments for the management of text and images, replacing the inflexible point-to-point wiring between two devices (computer-to-terminal). These networks enable the sharing of computers and computer devices, reduce equipment costs, and provide improved reliability. Any LAN must include items from the following four categories: transmission medium, topology, data transmission mode, and access protocol. Media for local area networks are twisted pair, coaxial, and optical fiber cables. The topology of these networks include the star, ring, bus, tree, and circuit-switching. Data transmission modes are either analog signals or digital signals. Access protocol methods include the broadcast bus system and the ring system. A performance measurement for a LAN is the throughput rate as a function of the number of active computer nodes. Standards for LANs help to ensure that products purchased from multiple manufacturers will operate successfully. PMID:3154655

Dwyer, S J; Mankovich, N J; Cox, G G; Bauman, R A



Severe Local Storms Cultural Heritage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Local storms always had a deep impact on people communities, mainly because of the severe damage caused, because of their unpredictability and, up to a few years ago, even because of the lack of knowledge and awareness on their physical origin. Because of this large impact on real life and on imagination, people needed and wanted to describe and report the occurrence of these events, giving them suited names. Often, these nouns are related to the myth developed to explain the cause of the events. In this work, a short presentation and description of the popular nouns used to describe severe local storm events in different areas of the World is given. Countries taken into account span from Italy, moving toward Africa and reaching a few communities of Native Americans. The etymology of the names gives interesting information, useful even under the anthropological point of view, on the Culture and Believes of the peoples who adopted them. This research work is the result of an underground activity carried out in the last ten years by the authors, during their contacts with students and researchers coming from different Countries and mainly met at the International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste.

Gladich, I.; Gallai, I.; Giaiotti, D. B.; Morgan, G. M.; Stel, F.



Localized urethral cancer in women  

SciTech Connect

The results of treatments for localized carcinoma of the urethra were assessed in 21 consecutive women treated at our institutions over a twenty year period. Only one of the tumors was confined to the distal urethra. Eighty-six percent invaded the periurethral tissues and 24% were known to be associated with regional lymph node metastases. Fifty-seven percent were adenocarcinomas. Five patients refused active therapeutic intervention and expired within one to 30 months following diagnosis. Sixteen patients were treated with extirpative surgery, radiation therapy, or combinations of the two. Four are free of disease at one, four, eleven, and 15 years after treatment. Nine developed pelvic recurrences, two developed pelvic recurrences and distant metastases and one developed distant metastases only from six to 72 months (mean, 19 months) after initial treatment. Eight of these 12 patients died at two to 13 months (mean, 8 months) after secondary treatment, two are alive with residual pelvic tumor, and two are clinically free of disease at 7 and 48 months. Only six patients were known to have distant metastases at the time of death and five of these six had adenocarcinomas. Advanced localized urethral cancer in women is difficult to eradicate and usually fatal.

Mayer, R.; Fowler, J.E. Jr.; Clayton, M.



Local Effects of Delayed Food  

PubMed Central

Five pigeons were trained on a procedure in which seven concurrent variable-interval schedules arranged seven different food–rate ratios in random sequence in each session. Each of these components lasted for 10 response-produced food deliveries, and components were separated by 10-s blackouts. We varied delays to food (signaled by blackout) between the two response alternatives in an experiment with three phases: In Phase 1, the delay on one alternative was 0?s, and the other was varied between 0 and 8?s; in Phase 2, both delays were equal and were varied from 0 to 4?s; in Phase 3, the two delays summed to 8?s, and each was varied from 1 to 7?s. The results showed that increasing delay affected local choice, measured by a pulse in preference, in the same way as decreasing magnitude, but we found also that increasing the delay at the other alternative increased local preference. This result casts doubt on the traditional view that a reinforcer strengthens a response depending only on the reinforcer's value discounted by any response–reinforcer delay. The results suggest that food guides, rather than strengthens, behavior.

Davison, Michael; Baum, William M



Local Properties of Monogenic Mappings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The great importance of conformal mapping methods in complex analysis suggests to look for a suitable higher dimensional analogue in the context of quaternionic analysis. As in the complex case, a serious study of the geometric properties of generalized holomorphic functions (or monogenic functions) requires to consider at first the local behavior of such transformations. Since the usual definition of conformal mappings (in the classical sense) in higher dimensions applies only to the restricted set of Möbius transformations (Liouville's theorem), the main task is to understand at first if monogenic functions can still play a special role for other types of mappings, for instance, for quasi-conformal ones. In this contribution we concentrate particularly on the infinitesimal behavior for such class of transformations. Monogenic functions are considered at first as general quasi-conformal mappings. We give it a more precise meaning by pointing out that a monogenic function maps locally balls onto explicitly characterized ellipsoids and vice versa. Finally, together with the geometric interpretation of the hypercomplex derivative, dilatations and distortions of these mappings can be estimated. This includes the description of the interplay between the Jacobian determinant and the hypercomplex derivative of a monogenic function.

Gürlebeck, K.; Morais, J.



Cosmological perturbations on local systems  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of cosmological expansion on orbits - galactic, planetary, or atomic - subject to an inverse-square force law. We obtain the laws of motion for gravitational or electrical interactions from general relativity - in particular, we find the gravitational field of a mass distribution in an expanding universe by applying perturbation theory to the Robertson-Walker metric. Cosmological expansion induces an (a'/a)r-vector force where a(t) is the cosmological scale factor. In a locally Newtonian framework, we show that the (a'/a)r-vector term represents the effect of a continuous distribution of cosmological material in Hubble flow, and that the total force on an object, due to the cosmological material plus the matter perturbation, can be represented as the negative gradient of a gravitational potential whose source is the material actually present. We also consider the effect on local dynamics of the cosmological constant. We calculate the perihelion precession of elliptical orbits due to the cosmological constant induced force, and work out generalizations to the rotation curve and virial relation applicable to clusters of galaxies.

Adkins, Gregory S.; McDonnell, Jordan; Fell, Richard N. [Department of Physics, Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pennsylvania 17604 (United States); Department of Physics, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 01742 (United States)



Snakes, Ladders, and Isolas of Localized Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stable localized roll structures have been observed in many physical problems and model equations, notably in the 1D Swift-Hohenberg equation. Reflection-symmetric localized rolls are often found to lie on two \\

Margaret Beck; Jürgen Knobloch; David J. B. Lloyd; Björn Sandstede; Thomas Wagenknecht



Molecular insights into intracellular RNA localization  

PubMed Central

Localization of mRNAs to specific destinations within a cell or an embryo is important for local control of protein expression. mRNA localization is well-known to function in very large and polarized cells such as neurons, and to facilitate embryonic patterning during early development. However, recent genome-wide studies have revealed that mRNA localization is more widely utilized than previously thought to control gene expression. Not only can transcripts be localized asymmetrically within the cytoplasm, they are often also localized to symmetrically-distributed organelles. Recent genetic, cytological, and biochemical studies have begun to provide molecular insight into how cells select RNAs for transport, move them to specific destinations, and control their translation. This review will summarize recent insights into the mechanisms and function of RNA localization with a specific emphasis on molecular insights into each step in the mRNA localization process.

Blower, Michael D.



The Local Group: Our Galactic Neighborhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents information on the properties and largest spirals of the Local Group galaxies. Explains the three categories of galaxies, identifies the brightest members of the Local Group, and discusses recent discoveries within the group. (ML)|

Hodge, Paul



Local Community Structure and Civic Participation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: People in cities; Civic participation; The good community; Local community organization; Pilot study of citizen participation in local communities; Goals and functions of neighborhood programs; Neighborhood centers - Historical and current devel...

A. Hillman



The Cutaneous Amyloidoses. I. Localized Forms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this communication is to analyze and correlate the clinical, histopathologic, and electron microscopic features of the localized forms of cutaneous amlyoidosis. Thirty-nine examples of primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis were studied. I...

M. H. Brownstein E. B. Helwig



Innovations in State and Local Government Finance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A working paper explores some of the financial and budgetary relationships between the Federal government and state and local governments. The first section analyzes alternative methods of reallocating public resources from nation to state and local level...

M. L. Weidenbaum



Content Locality in Distributed Digital Libraries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper introduces the notion of content locality in distributed document collections. Content locality is the degree to which content-similar documents are colocated in a distributed collection. We propose two metrics for measurement of content locali...

C. L. Viles J. C. French



Cellular Localization of Calcium-Binding Protein.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors have provided histochemical evidence that calcium binding protein (CaBP) is localized in the paracellular and basal region of intestinal cells, thus strengthening the hypothesis that the primary calcium transporting mechanism is localized in t...

R. L. Morrissey T. J. Bucci R. N. Empson E. G. Lufkin



Gallium-67 localization in herpetic skin lesion.  


Previous cases of gallium localization in various cutaneous lesions have been reported, including sporotrichosis, acne vulgaris, sarcoid, lymphoma, and exfoliative erythroderma. This is a report of a case of gallium localization in cutaneous lesions of herpes zoster. PMID:3180617

Acio, E R; Balasubramanian, N; Vieras, F; Smith, J J



Tracer localization in intracerebral gliosarcoma  

SciTech Connect

The comparative localization properties of 5 radiopharmaceuticals which have been used to image primary brain tumors were investigated in a transplanted gliosarcoma in the Fisher 344 rat. Planar and SPECT images using pinhole collimation were used to investigate localization 2-4 times between 13d and 28d after transplant Imaging studies of intravenously administered Tl-201 Cl, Tc-99m-HMPAO, -MIBI, and -DTPA, and I-123 IMT were made in 70 rats. Localization properties were measured in unirradiated (n=39) and irradiated (n=31, 22.5 Gy to brain, 14 days after transplant) control and tumor-bearing rats. Ex vivo imaging and well cup measurements were made at sacrifice. MRI was used to define tumor border ROIs. Major observations include: (1) Tl, IMT, DTPA, and MIBI show increased uptake in tumor, with tumor-to-nontumor uptake ratios (tnt) from planar pinhole ROIs ranging from 1.3{plus_minus}.1 to 2.9{plus_minus}.7 between 13 and 28 d after transplant; HMPAO shows decreased activity in tumor with tnt ranging from 0.4-0.6{plus_minus}.1; (2) high resolution SPECT provides significantly greater discrimination between tumor and nontumor uptake: SPECT tnt=10.3{plus_minus}2{sub DTPA}, 3.0{plus_minus}.3{sub IMT}, 10.5{plus_minus}2{sub MIBI}, 5.6{plus_minus}2{sub TL} and 0.4{plus_minus}.1{sub HMPAO}; planar tnt=2.2{plus_minus}.4{sub DTPA}, 1.4{plus_minus}.1{sub IMT}, 1.9{plus_minus}.4{sub MIBI}, 2.1{plus_minus}.7{sub TL}, and 0.5{plus_minus}.1{sub HMPAO}; and (3) no significant differences in uptake are seen between irradiated, more slowly growing tumors and the unirradiated tumors, and maximum tnt contrast is observed at 21 d with all radiopharmaceuticals. The study shows Tc-99m DTPA and Tc-99m MIBI to have the highest selective uptake in irradiated and unirradiated growing tumor.

Weber, D.A.; Franceshi, D.; Ivanovic, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [and others



Local spin analysis and chemical bonding.  


The electronic structure of main-group diatomic molecules is discussed in the light of local spin analysis. A deep investigation into the origin of local spins and their coupling is presented. It is shown that the presence of significant local spins in bonded molecules flags deviations from the classical bonding prototypes. For the notorious example of the C2 molecule, the local spin analysis indicates that its ground state has all ingredients to be categorized as a diradical. PMID:24105648

Ramos-Cordoba, Eloy; Salvador, Pedro; Reiher, Markus



Adverse drug reactions to local anesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A dentist's ability to safely administer regional anesthesia is essential for dental practice. Local anesthetic solutions used in the United States for den- tal anesthesia are formulated with several components. The contents of a standard local anesthetic cartridge may include an amide or ester local anes- thetic drug, an adrenergic vasoconstrictor, and an antioxidant. In suscepti- ble patients, any of

Richard L. Finder; Paul A. Moore



Can EPR non-locality be geometrical.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The presence in Quantum Mechanics of non-local correlations is one of the two fundamentally non-intuitive features of that theory. The non-local correlations themselves fall into two classes: EPR and Geometrical. The non-local characteristics of the geome...

Y. Ne'eman A. Botero



Treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, locally advanced rectal cancer is known for its dismal prognosis. The treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer is subject to continuous change due to development of new and better diagnostic tools, radiotherapeutic techniques, chemotherapeutic agents and understanding of the subject. It is clear, that a multimodality approach is the only way to achieve satisfactory local recurrence and survival rates

René A. Klaassen; Grard A. P. Nieuwenhuijzen; Hendrik Martijn; Harm J. T. Rutten; Geke A. P. Hospers; Theo Wiggers



Do Local Managers Give Labor an Edge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Based on the psychological theory of place attachments, native local managers should be more rooted in their communities than non-locals and should act accordingly. Consistent with this, local managers are 33% less likely to lay of employees than their no...

S. E. Yonker



How nuclear reactor siting affects local communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The local economic impacts of building and eventually operating nuclear power plants is discussed. In the business sector such impacts involve: changes in overall employment; distribution of income or employment; and\\/or the relative prices of local goods and services. In the government sector, a significant number of new workers residing locally may place pressure on public services. The impacts differ,




The “Locals” Market: An Emerging Gaming Segment  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the newest customer segments to be identified by casino marketers is the “locals” market, or local resident gambler market. This study addresses the relative lack of empirical data on the “locals” market segment. The purposes of the study are to identify important reasons for visiting a particular casino; to identify which casinos respondents visit most often and why;

Stowe Shoemaker; Dina Marie V. Zemke



Citizen access to local government financial reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizens' rights to local government information is based on laws regarding open records within the state of the local government entity. Generally, these laws acknowledge a citizen's right to know any desired information within a reasonable time period and without a need to justify the request. Based on anecdotal evidence that small local governments may not comply with such laws,

Ken W. Brown; R. Steve McDuffie



Variants of Multidimensional Scaling for Node Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently multidimensional scaling (MDS) has been successfully applied to the problem of node localization in ad-hoc networks, such as wireless sensor networks. The MDS-MAP method uses MDS to compute a local, relative map at each node from the distance or proximity information of its neighboring nodes. Based on the local maps and the locations of a set of anchor nodes

Ahmed A. Ahmed; Yi Shang; Hongchi Shi



The Corporation and the Local Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The corporation and the local community repre sent sometimes conflicting ends for members of the corporate hierarchy. There is a citizenship of the corporation and a citizenship of the local territorial community that may and do conflict. The corporation offices constitute many of the top status positions in the local community; the behavior of cor porate managers influences that of

Norton E. Long



Local Government in the Australian Federation  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the historically minimalist role of councils in Australia, local government has evolved into a level of government characterised by diversity and the wide range of services provided in response to community needs. As part of this evolutionary process, local government public policy, including local government reform programs throughout Australia, have developed within a context of complex interplays between state

Darren Dallinger



Bayesian Landmark Learning for Mobile Robot Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To operate successfully in indoor environments, mobile robots must be able to localize themselves. Most current localization algorithms lack flexibility, autonomy, and often optimality, since they rely on a human to determine what aspects of the sensor data to use in localization (e.g., what landmarks to use). This paper describes a learning algorithm, called BaLL, that enables mobile robots to

Sebastian Thrun; Pat Langley



Bayesian Landmark Learning for Mobile Robot Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To operate successfully in indoor environments, mobile robots must be able to localize themselves. Most current localization algorithms lack flexibility, aut onomy, and often optimality, since they rely on a human to determine what aspects of the sensor data to use in localization (e.g., what landmarks to use). This paper describes a learning algorithm, called BaLL, that enables mobile robots

Pat Langley



Contextualising policy transfer in Cambodian local governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cambodia has undertaken many reforms to rebuild its government institutions and economy in order to promote social and human development. The experimental Local Development Fund has succeeded in transforming local governance to achieve greater local development by adopting 'best fit' rather than 'best practice' approaches, which made possible government buy-in and ownership of the reform process. This paper develops an

Vuthy Horng; Kimchoeun Pak


Wavelet localization of the Radon transform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors develop an algorithm which significantly reduces radiation exposure in X-ray tomography, when a local region of the body is to be imaged. The algorithm uses the properties of wavelets to essentially localize the Radon transform. This algorithm differs from previous algorithms for doing local tomography because it recovers an approximation to the original image, not the image module

Tim Olson; Joe DeStefano



Local Gabor Fisher Classifier for Face Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a novel Local Gabor Fisher Classifier (LGFC) for face recognition. Gabor feature vector has been recognized as one of the most successful face representations, however, its dimension is too high for fast extraction and accurate classification. In LGFC, Local Feature Analysis (LFA) is exploited to select the most informative Gabor features (hereinafter as local Gabor features) optimally.

Nong Sang; Jiawei Wu; Kun Yu



Global localization using distinctive visual features  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have previously developed a mobile robot system which uses scale invariant visual landmarks to localize and simultaneously build a 3D map of the environment In this paper, we look at global localization, also known as the kidnapped robot problem, where the robot localizes itself globally, without any prior location estimate. This is achieved by matching distinctive landmarks in the

Stephen Se; David Lowe; Jim Little



Closed locally minimal nets on tetrahedra  

SciTech Connect

Closed locally minimal networks are in a sense a generalization of closed geodesics. A complete classification is known of closed locally minimal networks on regular (and generally any equihedral) tetrahedra. In the present paper certain necessary and certain sufficient conditions are given for at least one closed locally minimal network to exist on a given non-equihedral tetrahedron. Bibliography: 6 titles.

Strelkova, Nataliya P [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)



On achievable accuracy in edge localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edge localization occurs when an edge detection algorithm is able to accurately determine the location of an edge in an image. Edge localization is formulated as a parameter estimation problem, and the authors derive a Cramer-Rao bound on achievable accuracy as measured by mean squared error. The bound reveals the effect on localization of factors such as signal to noise

R. Kakarala; A. O. Hero



Localization of airborne pure tones by pinnipeds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although all pinnipeds communicate acoustically in air, most previous research on sound localization has been done under water. We have recently shown that several pinniped species localize aerial broadband signals as well as some terrestrial carnivores [Holt et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113 (2003)]. However, it is unclear which frequencies are particularly important for localization in these animals. In

Marla M. Holt; Ronald J. Schusterman; Brandon L. Southall; David Kastak



On the Locality of Grammatical Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that using high-locality representations is important for efficient evolutionary search. This paper investigates the l ocality of the genotype-phenotype mapping (representation) used in grammatical evolu- tion (GE). The results show that the representation used in GE has prob- lems with locality as many neighboring genotypes do not correspond to neighboring phenotypes. Experiments with a simple local

Franz Rothlauf; Marie Oetzel



Predicting Local Invasive Recurrence After Conservative Treatment

At 12 years follow-up, DCIS local recurrence rates are 32 percent for excision alone, 16 percent for excision plus radiotherapy (based on prospective randomized trials), and 1 percent for mastectomy. Most local recurrence occurs at or near the primary lesion and the most important cause of local recurrence appears to be inadequate excision.


Local evolutionary search enhancement by random memorizing  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the calibration of laser induced plasma spectrometers robust and efficient local search methods are required. Therefore, several local optimizers from nonlinear optimization, random search and evolutionary computation are compared. It is shown that evolutionary algorithms are superior with respect to reliability and efficiency. To enhance the local search of an evolutionary algorithm a new method of random memorizing is

Hans-michael Voigt; Jan Matti Lange



Colleges Chew on Local-Food Phenomenon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nationally, students have pushed hard for local-food programs, and the amount of local produce in the dining hall is sometimes used as a litmus test for a college's overall commitment to sustainability. Local food has been a hot topic in popular culture in recent years, thanks in part to books by Michael Pollan and Barbara Kingsolver, movies like…

Carlson, Scott



Local government in Cuba: Democracy through participation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cuban local government as a subject has been largely ignored. Moreover, being widely perceived as part of a hard?line anti?democratic dictatorship, its role may generally have been misunderstood. This article both fills the information gap and assesses the Cuban system against ‘justifications’ for local government usually advanced in the West. It suggests that, while Cuban local government may not provide

John Greenwood; George Lambie



State and Local Compliance: a National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Abt Study of State and Local Compliance which sought to describe state and local implementation of the provisions of the Vocational Education Amendments of 1965; to understand ways in which local environment affects compliance; and to provide Congress with recommendations for achieving greater adherence to federal intent. (JOW)

Beuke, Vernon



Localized modes in defective multilayer structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the localized surface modes in a defective multilayer structure. We show that the defective multilayer structure can support two different kinds of localized modes, depending on the position and the thickness of the defect layer. In one kind, the modes are localized at the interface between the multilayer structure and a homogeneous medium (the so-called

S. Roshan Entezar; A. Namdar



Constructive Incremental Learning from Only Local Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a constructive, incremental learning system for regression problems that models data by means of spatially localized linear models. In contrast to other approaches, the size and shape of the receptive field of each locally linear model, as well as the parameters of the locally linear model itself, are learned independently, that is, without the need for competition or

Stefan Schaal; Christopher G. Atkeson



Facial Shape Localization Using Probability Gradient Hints  

Microsoft Academic Search

This letter proposes a novel method to localize facial shape represented by a series of facial landmarks. In our method, the problem of facial shape localization is formulated with a Bayesian inference. Specifically, given a face image, the posterior probability of the facial shape is naturally decomposed into two parts: the likelihood function of local textures and the prior constraints

Zhiheng Niu; Shiguang Shan; Xilin Chen



Convexity and Bayesian constrained local models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate localization of facial features plays a fun- damental role in any face recognition pipeline. Constraine d local models (CLM) provide an effective approach to lo- calization by coupling ensembles of local patch detectors for non-rigid object alignment. A recent improvement has been made by using generic convex quadratic fitting (CQF), which elegantly addresses the CLM warp update by

Ulrich Paquet



Form of Urban Local Government in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of urban local governments in India has become extremely challenging. To ensure that demands of the urban population are addressed properly, the Indian government has initiated various policy reforms to strengthen local governments. This article describes the form of urban local government in India in the context of recent municipal reforms. Evolution of municipalities, their typology and constitution,

Rumi Aijaz



Local POE model for robot kinematic calibration  

Microsoft Academic Search

A robot kinematic calibration method based on the local frame representation of the product-of-exponentials (Local POE) formula is introduced. In this method, the twist coordinates of the joint axes are expressed in their respective local (body) frames. The advantages of this new approach are threefolds: (1) revolute and prismatic joints can be uniformly expressed in the twist coordinates based on

I-Ming Chen; Guilin Yang; Chee Tat Tan; Song Huat Yeo



Absolute Localization with the Calibrated SYCLOP Sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we propose, while using the SYCLOP sensor model (Conical SYstem for LOcalization and Perception), an original method of localization in an artificial indoor environment with a very precise 3D map. Until now, localization using conical omnidirectional vision sensor use radial segment from vertical beacon of the environment. The main motivation of the work presented in this paper



50 CFR 216.86 - Local regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Pribilof Islands Administration § 216.86 Local regulations. Local...attention of local residents and persons assigned to duty on the Islands by posting in public places and brought to the attention...



Probabilistic Non-Local Means  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a so-called probabilistic non-local means (PNLM) method for image denoising. Our main contributions are: 1) we point out defects of the weight function used in the classic NLM; 2) we successfully derive all theoretical statistics of patch-wise differences for Gaussian noise; and 3) we employ this prior information and formulate the probabilistic weights truly reflecting the similarity between two noisy patches. The probabilistic nature of the new weight function also provides a theoretical basis to choose thresholds rejecting dissimilar patches for fast computations. Our simulation results indicate the PNLM outperforms the classic NLM and many NLM recent variants in terms of peak signal noise ratio (PSNR) and structural similarity (SSIM) index. Encouraging improvements are also found when we replace the NLM weights with the probabilistic weights in tested NLM variants.

Wu, Yue; Tracey, Brian; Natarajan, Premkumar; Noonan, Joseph P.



Acoustic localization of triggered lightning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use acoustic (3.3-500 Hz) arrays to locate local (<20 km) thunder produced by triggered lightning in the Magdalena Mountains of central New Mexico. The locations of the thunder sources are determined by the array back azimuth and the elapsed time since discharge of the lightning flash. We compare the acoustic source locations with those obtained by the Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) from Langmuir Laboratory, which is capable of accurately locating the lightning channels. To estimate the location accuracy of the acoustic array we performed Monte Carlo simulations and measured the distance (nearest neighbors) between acoustic and LMA sources. For close sources (<5 km) the mean nearest-neighbors distance was 185 m compared to 100 m predicted by the Monte Carlo analysis. For far distances (>6 km) the error increases to 800 m for the nearest neighbors and 650 m for the Monte Carlo analysis. This work shows that thunder sources can be accurately located using acoustic signals.

Arechiga, Rene O.; Johnson, Jeffrey B.; Edens, Harald E.; Thomas, Ronald J.; Rison, William



Radioimmune localization of occult carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Patients with a rising serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and no clinical or roentgenographic evidence of recurrent or metastatic cancer present a treatment dilemma. Eleven such patients, 10 with a previously treated colorectal carcinoma and 1 with a previously treated breast carcinoma, received an injection of the anticarcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibody ZCE-025 labeled with the radioisotope indium 111. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed on days 3 and 5 through 7 to detect potential sites of tumor recurrence. The monoclonal antibody scan accurately predicted the presence or absence of occult malignancy in 7 (64%) patients. Second-look laparotomy confirmed the monoclonal antibody scan results in the patients with colorectal cancer, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed metastatic breast cancer. This study demonstrates that In-ZCE-025 can localize occult carcinoma and may assist the surgeon in facilitating the operative exploration. In-ZCE-025 assisted in the initiation of adjuvant therapy for the patient with breast cancer.

Duda, R.B.; Zimmer, A.M.; Rosen, S.T.; Gilyon, K.A.; Webber, D.; Spies, S.; Spies, W.; Merchant, B. (Northwestern Univ. Medical School, Chicago, IL (USA))



Sawing a Local Bedrock Specimen  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students bring in samples of local rocks for the teacher to cut in half with a diamond saw. Students then analyze and report on the grain relationships within the rock. As a follow-up activity students can exchange rocks, write an analysis of the sawn sample, and compare notes. In cases where disagreements cannot be resolved, the teacher should offer a third analysis of the sample. Also students can take the rocks home and tell their parents what they learned about the particular sample. Or they can set up before-and-after displays showing cut and uncut samples. Enlarged poster-size diagrams of the more interesting samples can be created. The specific details of texture and composition can be labeled with a string or wire running to the appropriate spot on the specimen.


Mechanisms of heterochromatin subnuclear localization.  


Transcriptionally repressed heterochromatin becomes the dominant form of chromatin in most terminally differentiated cells. Moreover, in most cells, at least one class of heterochromatin is positioned adjacent to the nuclear lamina. Recent approaches have addressed the mechanism of heterochromatin localization, in order to determine whether spatial segregation contributes to gene repression. Findings in worms and human cells confirm a role for histone H3K9 methylation in heterochromatin positioning, identifying a modification that is also necessary for gene repression of worm transgenic arrays. These pathways appear to be conserved, although mutations in mammalian cells have weaker effects, possibly due to redundancy in positioning mechanisms. We propose a general model in which perinuclear anchoring is linked to an epigenetic propagation of the heterochromatic state, through histone modification. PMID:23746617

Towbin, Benjamin D; Gonzalez-Sandoval, Adriana; Gasser, Susan M



Observer Localization in Multiverse Theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The progression of theories suggested for our world, from ego- to geo- to helio-centric models to universe and multiverse theories and beyond, shows one tendency: The size of the described worlds increases, with humans being expelled from their center to ever more remote and random locations. If pushed too far, a potential theory of everything (TOE) is actually more a theories of nothing (TON). Indeed such theories have already been developed. I show that including observer localization into such theories is necessary and su_cient to avoid this problem. I develop a quantitative recipe to identify TOEs and distinguish them from TONs and theories in-between. This precisely shows what the problem is with some recently suggested universal TOEs.

Hutter, Marcus



Exploring Mars using local resources  

SciTech Connect

This paper takes the reader on a {ital second} human expedition to Mars. Following confirmation that life once existed on Mars during the first human mission launched in 2018, crew members of our subsequent mission, assisted by robotic devices, spend two years on Mars pursuing three goals: (1) continue the search for further evidence of ancient life and what may still exist, (2) safely endure their extended stay on Mars, and (3) lay the foundation for the eventual human settlement of the planet. A cornerstone in achieving these three goals, as discussed in the paper, will be the utilization of local resources as we further learn to {open_quote}{open_quote}live off the land{close_quote}{close_quote}. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Brody, S. [NASA Headquarters, Washington, District of Columbia 20546 (United States); McKay, C. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035 (United States); Kaplan, D. [NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058 (United States); Rapp, D. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)



Localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors.  


In this review, the most recent progress in the development of noble metal nano-optical sensors based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectroscopy is summarized. The sensing principle relies on the LSPR spectral shifts caused by the surrounding dielectric environmental change in a binding event. Nanosphere lithography, an inexpensive and simple nanofabrication technique, has been used to fabricate the nanoparticles as the LSPR sensing platforms. As an example of the biosensing applications, the LSPR detection for a biomarker of Alzheimer's disease, amyloid-derived diffusable ligands, in human brain extract and cerebrospinal fluid samples is highlighted. Furthermore, the LSPR sensing method can be modified easily and used in a variety of applications. More specifically, a LSPR chip capable of multiplex sensing, a combined electrochemical and LSPR protocol and a fabrication method of solution-phase nanotriangles are presented here. PMID:17716111

Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Yonzon, Chanda Ranjit; Haes, Amanda J; Van Duyne, Richard P



Volcanoes: Local Hazard, Global Issue  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this module, students can explore two ways that volcanoes affect Earth: by directly threatening people and the environments adjacent to them, and by ejecting aerosols into the atmosphere. The module consists of three investigations in which they will study the local effects of volcanism using images of Mount St. Helens, examine how the effects of volcanic activity can be remotely sensed and monitored from space using NASA data for Mount Spurr in Alaska, and see how geography and spatial perspective are useful in addressing global issues in the tracking and mapping of aerosol hazards such as the ash cloud emitted by the 1989 eruption on Redoubt Volcano. Each investigation is complete with overview, a list of materials and supplies, content preview, classroom procedures, worksheets, background, and evaluation.


Weak localization of photon noise  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an experimental study of coherent backscattering (CBS) of photon noise from multiple scattering media. We use a pseudothermal light source with a microsecond coherence time to produce a noise spectrum covering a continuous transition, from wave fluctuations to shot noise over several MHz. The angle-dependent Fano factor of backscattered light shows an enhancement due to CBS in the wave fluctuation regime. The CBS line shape and enhancement factor of the noise power is consistent with theory in the weak-scattering limit and for a large number of open reflection channels. These initial experiments on weakly scattering media demonstrate that sensitive noise measurements can be combined with the separation of path lengths present in CBS, opening up new experiments on noise transport in the localization regime.

Scalia, Paolo S.; Muskens, Otto L.; Lagendijk, Ad



Preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas  

SciTech Connect

During a 12-month period, 64 patients were operated on for primary hyperparathyroidism. Sixty-one had single adenomas and 3 had double adenomas. Preoperative imaging was used to localize the adenomas. Half of the patients (32 of 64) had magnetic resonance, thallium-201/technetium-99m subtraction scintigraphy, and high-resolution ultrasonography; the other 32 patients had 1 or 2 of the imaging modalities. Sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging was 82 percent and 97 percent, respectively; the sensitivity and specificity of the other two modalities was 59 and 98 percent for subtraction scintigraphy and 73 and 98 percent for ultrasonography. The use of preoperative imaging facilitated surgical exploration, reduced operating time, and resulted in an increased number of successful operations. There were no negative explorations in this series as compared with 19 negative explorations (2.6 percent) in our prior experience with 720 operations.

Attie, J.N.; Khan, A.; Rumancik, W.M.; Moskowitz, G.W.; Hirsch, M.A.; Herman, P.G.



Evaporación dinámica del cinturón de asteroides original  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hemos integrado numéricamente un enjambre de 3000 partículas en la región del cinturón de asteroides, sujetas a las perturbaciones gravitatorias de Júpiter y Saturno. Al cabo de 107 años, se han formado ya todos los gaps de Kirkwood observados en el cinturón actual. El grupo en la resonancia 3/2 es, aunque en menor grado, también visible. Los tiempos de Lyapunov computados para los asteroides sobrevivientes, nos ha permitido encontrar la fracción de ellos que es capaz de sobrevivir por toda la edad del sistema solar, merced a la aplicacion de la relación empírica que vincula dichos tiempos al tiempo en el cual se manifiestan grandes transiciones orbitales. La fracción de supervivientes es de aproximadamente 1/100. El resto de la masa faltante en el cinturón, es atribuible a colisiones catastróficas con cometas en etapas primordiales.

Brunini, A.


F508del-CFTR increases intracellular Ca(2+) signaling that causes enhanced calcium-dependent Cl(-) conductance in cystic fibrosis.  


In many cells, increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) activates a Ca(2+)-dependent chloride (Cl(-)) conductance (CaCC). CaCC is enhanced in cystic fibrosis (CF) epithelial cells lacking Cl(-) transport by the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). Here, we show that in freshly isolated nasal epithelial cells of F508del-homozygous CF patients, expression of TMEM16A and bestrophin 1 was unchanged. However, calcium signaling was strongly enhanced after induction of expression of F508del-CFTR, which is unable to exit the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Since receptor-mediated [Ca(2+)](i) increase is Cl(-) dependent, we suggested that F508del-CFTR may function as an ER chloride counter-ion channel for Ca(2+). This was confirmed by expression of the double mutant F508del/G551D-CFTR, which remained in the ER but had no effects on [Ca(2+)](i). Moreover, F508del-CFTR could serve as a scavenger for inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate [IP3] receptor binding protein released with IP(3) (IRBIT). Our data may explain how ER-localized F508del-CFTR controls intracellular Ca(2+) signaling. PMID:21907281

Martins, Joana Raquel; Kongsuphol, Patthara; Sammels, Eva; Dahimène, Shehrazade; Aldehni, Fadi; Clarke, Luka Alexander; Schreiber, Rainer; de Smedt, Humbert; Amaral, Margarida D; Kunzelmann, Karl



Revertants, low temperature, and correctors reveal the mechanism of F508del-CFTR rescue by VX-809 and suggest multiple agents for full correction.  


Cystic fibrosis is mostly caused by the F508del mutation, which impairs CFTR protein from exiting the endoplasmic reticulum due to misfolding. VX-809 is a small molecule that rescues F508del-CFTR localization, which recently went into clinical trial but with unknown mechanism of action (MoA). Herein, we assessed if VX-809 is additive or synergistic with genetic revertants of F508del-CFTR, other correctors, and low temperature to determine its MoA. We explored and integrated those various agents in combined treatments, showing how they add to each other to identify their complementary MoA upon correction of F508del-CFTR. Our experimental and modeling data, while compatible with putative binding of VX-809 to NBD1:ICL4 interface, also indicate scope for further synergistic F508del-CFTR correction by other compounds at distinct conformational sites/cellular checkpoints, thus suggesting requirement of combined therapies to fully rescue F508del-CFTR. PMID:23890012

Farinha, Carlos M; King-Underwood, John; Sousa, Marisa; Correia, Ana Raquel; Henriques, Bárbara J; Roxo-Rosa, Mónica; Da Paula, Ana Carina; Williams, Jonathan; Hirst, Simon; Gomes, Cláudio M; Amaral, Margarida D



Coal severance taxation and local public finance  

SciTech Connect

This paper: 1) elaborates the local impacts rationale and investigates the use of the rationale or justification among states applying a coal severance tax; 2) summarizes and assesses existing evidence of local coal-related socio-economic and fiscal impacts; 3) investigates state provisions for distribution of severance tax revenues to local jurisdictions; 4) presents evidence on the fiscal condition of selected local governments in coal producing areas; and 5) draws some conclusions about the validity and public policy implications of the local impacts rationale.

Ervin, O.L.



L10P and P158DEL DJ-1 Mutations Cause Protein Instability, Aggregation, and Dimerization Impairments  

PubMed Central

A variety of mutations in the gene encoding DJ-1 protein are causal of autosomal recessive early-onset parkinsonism. Recently, a novel pathogenic homozygous DJ-1 missense mutation resulting in the L10P amino acid substitution was reported. In a separate study, a novel homozygous mutation resulting in the deletion of DJ-1 residue P158 was also reported to be causative of disease. The specific effects of the novel L10P and P158DEL mutations on protein function have not been studied. Herein, L10P and P158DEL DJ-1 proteins were assessed for protein stability, dimerization, solubility, subcellular localization, and protective function in comparison to WT and the L166P DJ-1 pathogenic variant. It was discovered that in comparison to WT protein, L10P, L166P, and P158DEL DJ-1 variants exhibited dramatically reduced protein stabilities. Degradation of each of the respective pathogenic mutants appeared to be mediated in-part by the proteasome. Interestingly, unlike L166P DJ-1, the L10P and P158DEL DJ-1 variants retained the ability to dimerize with WT DJ-1 protein; however, neither of these mutants was able to form homodimers. Additionally, the L10P, L166P, and P158DEL DJ-1 variants exhibited altered profiles on size-exclusion chromatography and demonstrated reduced solubilities in comparison to WT protein, and the latter aberration could be exacerbated in the presence of MG-132. Further, cells stably expressing L10P DJ-1 were more vulnerable to treatments with proteasome inhibitors, suggesting that L10P DJ-1 may be toxic to cells under conditions of proteasome stress. Taken together, these findings suggest that diverse aberrant mechanisms, including alterations in protein stability and protein folding, are associated with the pathogenicity of the L10P and P158DEL DJ-1 variants.

Ramsey, Chenere P.; Giasson, Benoit I.



An inverse problem for localization operators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A classical result of time-frequency analysis, obtained by Daubechies in 1988, states that the eigenfunctions of a time-frequency localization operator with circular localization domain and Gaussian analysis window are the Hermite functions. In this contribution, a converse of Daubechies’ theorem is proved. More precisely, it is shown that, for simply connected localization domains, if one of the eigenfunctions of a time-frequency localization operator with Gaussian window is a Hermite function, then its localization domain is a disc. The general problem of obtaining, from some knowledge of its eigenfunctions, information about the symbol of a time-frequency localization operator is denoted as the inverse problem, and the problem studied by Daubechies as the direct problem of time-frequency analysis. Here, we also solve the corresponding problem for wavelet localization, providing the inverse problem analogue of the direct problem studied by Daubechies and Paul.

Abreu, Luís Daniel; Dörfler, Monika



Household Grocery Shopping Destination Allocation: Have Local Stores Caught on with the Rise of Local Foods?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Locavorism and the Local Food Movement have captured attention of consumers, production suppliers and academic researchers. Local food advocates emphasize the benefits of locally grown food from fresher to better tastes and to more energy efficient due to shorter transportation distance. However, limited studies have been done about household grocery purchase allocations in the awakening of local food, especially for

Guzhen Zhou; Wuyang Hu; Marvin T. Batte; Timothy A. Woods; Stanley C. Ernst



Fundamentals of Local Fractional Iteration of the Continuously Nondifferentiable Functions Derived from Local Fractional Calculus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new possible modeling for the local fractional iteration process is proposed in this paper. Based on the local fractional Taylor’s series, the fundamentals of local fractional iteration of the continuously non-differentiable functions are derived from local fractional calculus in fractional space.

Xiaojun Yang; Feng Gao



Local Economic Development in an Age of Devolution: The Question of Rural Localities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is limited recent research on the strategies that rural local governments are employing in the face of changing intergovernmental relationships, especially in relation to local economic development. This paper draws on data from a survey of local governments in the Ohio River Valley Region that includes a mix of localities on the…

Dewees, Sarah; Lobao, Linda; Swanson, Louis E.



Who Cares about Local Politics? Media Influences on Local Political Involvement, Issue Awareness, and Attitude Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines sources of variation in political participation and cognition, testing the effects of several factors on individuals' engagement in the local political process including, as dependent variables, local political involvement, local issue awareness, and attitude strength. Our study highlights the importance of discussion networks and mass media for local political involvement, issue awareness, and attitude strength. In other

Dietram A. Scheufele; James Shanahan; Sei-Hill Kim



Local News Coverage in a Social Capital Capital: Election 2000 on Minnesota's Local News Stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines local news coverage of an election in one of the nation's “social capital capitals,” Minnesota. In Minnesota, according to theorized connections between civic involvement and news media use, we might expect the orientation of local news to be local and the quality of coverage of local campaigns to be high. Content analysis of all evening newscasts on

Daniel Stevens; Dean Alger; Barbara Allen; John L. Sullivan



Local governments' monopoly power and local tax reform: Theory and evidence from the U.K  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper hypothesises the existence of several sources of monopoly power for local governments when the system of local taxation is reformed, by central government. In particular we argue that information asymmetries between tax-payers and (central and local) government at the time of reform provide opportunities for local politicians to set tax levels which differ from those expected in a

John Ashworth; Norman Gemmell



El valor de uso recreativo del Parque Natural de L'Albufera a través del método indirecto del coste de viaje  

Microsoft Academic Search

La valoración económica de bienes que carecen de mercado, como son los espacios naturales protegidos, proporcionan una valiosa información que puede ser utilizada en el análisis coste-beneficio como fundamento de las decisiones públicas que afectan a la calidad del medio ambiente. En este trabajo se aplica el método indirecto del coste de viaje individual para obtener el valor de uso




Local Conservation Laws and the Structure of the Many-Body Localized States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We construct a complete set of local integrals of motion that characterize the many-body localized (MBL) phase. Our approach relies on the assumption that local perturbations act locally on the eigenstates in the MBL phase, which is supported by numerical simulations of the random-field XXZ spin chain. We describe the structure of the eigenstates in the MBL phase and discuss the implications of local conservation laws for its nonequilibrium quantum dynamics. We argue that the many-body localization can be used to protect coherence in the system by suppressing relaxation between eigenstates with different local integrals of motion.

Serbyn, Maksym; Papi?, Z.; Abanin, Dmitry A.



Matryoshka locally resonant sonic crystal.  


The results of numerical modeling of sonic crystals with resonant array elements are reported. The investigated resonant elements include plain slotted cylinders as well as their various combinations, in particular, Russian doll or Matryoshka configurations. The acoustic band structure and transmission characteristics of such systems have been computed with the use of finite element methods. The general concept of a locally resonant sonic crystal is proposed that utilizes acoustic resonances to form additional band gaps that are decoupled from Bragg gaps. An existence of a separate attenuation mechanism associated with the resonant elements that increases performance in the lower frequency regime has been identified. The results show a formation of broad band gaps positioned significantly below the first Bragg frequency. For low frequency broadband attenuation, a most optimal configuration is the Matryoshka sonic crystal, where each scattering unit is composed of multiple concentric slotted cylinders. This system forms numerous gaps in the lower frequency regime, below Bragg bands, while maintaining a reduced crystal size viable for noise barrier technology. The finding opens alternative perspectives for the construction of sound barriers in the low frequency range usually inaccessible by traditional means including conventional sonic crystals. PMID:22087903

Elford, Daniel P; Chalmers, Luke; Kusmartsev, Feodor V; Swallowe, Gerry M



Segmentation in local hospital markets.  


This study examines evidence of market segmentation on the basis of patients' insurance status, demographic characteristics, and medical condition in selected local markets in California in the years 1983 and 1989. Substantial differences exist in the probability patients may be admitted to particular hospitals based on insurance coverage, particularly Medicaid, and race. Segmentation based on insurance and race is related to hospital characteristics, but not the characteristics of the hospital's community. Medicaid patients are more likely to go to hospitals with lower costs and fewer service offerings. Privately insured patients go to hospitals offering more services, although cost concerns are increasing. Hispanic patients also go to low-cost hospitals, ceteris paribus. Results indicate little evidence of segmentation based on medical condition in either 1983 or 1989, suggesting that "centers of excellence" have yet to play an important role in patient choice of hospital. The authors found that distance matters, and that patients prefer nearby hospitals, moreso for some medical conditions than others, in ways consistent with economic theories of consumer choice. PMID:8417270

Dranove, D; White, W D; Wu, L



Cannabinoid receptor localization in brain.  

PubMed Central

[3H]CP 55,940, a radiolabeled synthetic cannabinoid, which is 10-100 times more potent in vivo than delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, was used to characterize and localize a specific cannabinoid receptor in brain sections. The potencies of a series of natural and synthetic cannabinoids as competitors of [3H]CP 55,940 binding correlated closely with their relative potencies in several biological assays, suggesting that the receptor characterized in our in vitro assay is the same receptor that mediates behavioral and pharmacological effects of cannabinoids, including human subjective experience. Autoradiography of cannabinoid receptors in brain sections from several mammalian species, including human, reveals a unique and conserved distribution; binding is most dense in outflow nuclei of the basal ganglia--the substantia nigra pars reticulata and globus pallidus--and in the hippocampus and cerebellum. Generally high densities in forebrain and cerebellum implicate roles for cannabinoids in cognition and movement. Sparse densities in lower brainstem areas controlling cardiovascular and respiratory functions may explain why high doses of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol are not lethal. Images

Herkenham, M; Lynn, A B; Little, M D; Johnson, M R; Melvin, L S; de Costa, B R; Rice, K C



Carrier localization in gallium nitride  

SciTech Connect

In wide bandgap GaN, a large number of interesting and important scientific questions remain to be answered. For example, the large free electron concentration reaching 10{sup 19} to 10{sup 20} cm{sup - 3} in nominally undoped material are ascribed to intrinsic defects because no chemical impurity has been found at such high concentrations. According to theoretical models, a nitrogen vacancy acts as a donor but its formation energy is very large in n-type materials, making this suggestion controversial. We have investigated the nature of this yet unidentified donor at large hydrostatic pressure. Results from infrared reflection and Raman scattering indicate strong evidence for localization of free carriers by large pressures. The carrier density is drastically decreased by two orders of magnitude between 20 and 30 GPa. Several techniques provide independent evidence for results in earlier reports and present the first quantitative analysis. A possible interpretation of this effect in terms of the resonant donor level is presented.

Wetzel, C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)][California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States); Walukiewicz, W. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Haller, E.E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)][California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)] [and others



Cannabinoid receptor localization in brain  

SciTech Connect

(3H)CP 55,940, a radiolabeled synthetic cannabinoid, which is 10-100 times more potent in vivo than delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, was used to characterize and localize a specific cannabinoid receptor in brain sections. The potencies of a series of natural and synthetic cannabinoids as competitors of (3H)CP 55,940 binding correlated closely with their relative potencies in several biological assays, suggesting that the receptor characterized in our in vitro assay is the same receptor that mediates behavioral and pharmacological effects of cannabinoids, including human subjective experience. Autoradiography of cannabinoid receptors in brain sections from several mammalian species, including human, reveals a unique and conserved distribution; binding is most dense in outflow nuclei of the basal ganglia--the substantia nigra pars reticulata and globus pallidus--and in the hippocampus and cerebellum. Generally high densities in forebrain and cerebellum implicate roles for cannabinoids in cognition and movement. Sparse densities in lower brainstem areas controlling cardiovascular and respiratory functions may explain why high doses of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol are not lethal.

Herkenham, M.; Lynn, A.B.; Little, M.D.; Johnson, M.R.; Melvin, L.S.; de Costa, B.R.; Rice, K.C. (National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (USA))



Local hardness equalization: Exploiting the ambiguity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the density-functional theory of chemical reactivity, the local hardness is known to be an ambiguous concept. The mathematical structure associated with this problematic situation is elaborated and three common definitions for the local hardness are critically examined: the frontier local hardness [S. K. Ghosh, Chem. Phys. Lett. 172, 77 (1990)], the total local hardness [S. K. Ghosh and M. Berkowitz, J. Chem. Phys. 83, 2976 (1985)], and the unconstrained local hardness [P. W. Ayers and R. G. Parr, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 2010 (2000)]. The frontier local hardness has particularly nice properties: (a) it has smaller norm than most, if not all, other choices of the local hardness and (b) it is ``unbiased'' in an information-theoretic sense. For the ground electronic state of a molecular system, the frontier local hardness is equal to the global hardness. For an electronic system in its ground state, both the chemical potential and the frontier local hardness are equalized. The frontier local hardness equalization principle provides a computational approach for designing reagents with desirable chemical reactivity profiles.

Ayers, Paul W.; Parr, Robert G.



Covariation analysis of local amino acid sequences in recurrent protein local structures.  


Local structural information is supposed to be frequently encoded in local amino acid sequences. Previous research only indicated that some local structure positions have specific residue preferences in some particular local structures. However, correlated pairwise replacements for interacting residues in recurrent local structural motifs from unrelated proteins have not been studied systematically. We introduced a new method fusing statistical covariation analysis and local structure-based alignment. Systematic analysis of structure-based multiple alignments of recurrent local structures from unrelated proteins in representative subset of Protein Databank indicates that covarying residue pairs with statistical significance exist in local structural motifs, in particular beta-turns and helix caps. These residue pairs are mostly linked through polar functional groups with direct or indirect hydrogen bonding. Hydrophobic interaction is also a major factor in constraining pairwise amino acid residue replacement in recurrent local structures. We also found correlated residue pairs that are not clearly linked with through-space interactions. The physical constrains underlying these covariations are less clear. Overall, covarying residue pairs with statistical significance exist in local structures from unrelated proteins. The existence of sequence covariations in local structural motifs from unrelated proteins indicates that many relics of local relations are still retained in the tertiary structures after protein folding. It supports the notion that some local structural information is encoded in local sequences and the local structural codes could play important roles in determining native state protein folding topology. PMID:16374913

Wang, Lu-Yong



Localization algorithms of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: a survey.  


In Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs), localization is one of most important technologies since it plays a critical role in many applications. Motivated by widespread adoption of localization, in this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of localization algorithms. First, we classify localization algorithms into three categories based on sensor nodes' mobility: stationary localization algorithms, mobile localization algorithms and hybrid localization algorithms. Moreover, we compare the localization algorithms in detail and analyze future research directions of localization algorithms in UWSNs. PMID:22438752

Han, Guangjie; Jiang, Jinfang; Shu, Lei; Xu, Yongjun; Wang, Feng



Local Winds: Oceanography from the Space Shuttle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The major wind systems of the earth determine much of the large scale oceanography with which we are familiar. The local winds modify the ocean and the overlying atmosphere on a minute-to-minute and day-to-day basis. This site consists of imagery of different types of local winds taken by the Space Shuttle. It also features text descriptions of local winds such as katabatic winds in Europe, the harmattan in Africa, and the most common type, diurnal sea breezes.


Fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons  

SciTech Connect

We report the prediction of fully localized two-dimensional embedded solitons. These solitons are obtained in a quasi-one-dimensional waveguide array which is periodic along one spatial direction and localized along the orthogonal direction. Under appropriate nonlinearity, these solitons are found to exist inside the Bloch bands (continuous spectrum) of the waveguide and thus are embedded solitons. These embedded solitons are fully localized along both spatial directions. In addition, they are fully stable under perturbations.

Yang Jianke [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401 (United States)



Local Fractional Fokker-Planck Equation  

Microsoft Academic Search

New kind of differential equations, called local fractional differential\\u000aequations, has been proposed for the first time. They involve local fractional\\u000aderivatives introduced recently. Such equations appear to be suitable to deal\\u000awith phenomena taking place in fractal space and time. A local fractional\\u000aanalog of Fokker-Planck equation has been derived starting from the\\u000aChapman-Kolmogorov condition. Such an equation is

Kiran M. Kolwankar; Anil D. Gangal



Ataxin-1 Nuclear Localization and Aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transgenic mice carrying the spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) gene, a polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorder, develop ataxia with ataxin-1 localized to aggregates within cerebellar Purkinje cells nuclei. To examine the importance of nuclear localization and aggregation in pathogenesis, mice expressing ataxin-1[82] with a mutated NLS were established. These mice did not develop disease, demonstrating that nuclear localization is critical for pathogenesis.

Ivan A Klement; Pamela J Skinner; Michael D Kaytor; Hong Yi; Steven M Hersch; H. Brent Clark; Huda Y Zoghbi; Harry T Orr



Detection of entanglement with few local measurements  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a general method for the experimental detection of entanglement by performing only few local measurements, assuming some prior knowledge of the density matrix. The idea is based on the minimal decomposition of witness operators into a pseudomixture of local operators. We discuss an experimentally relevant case of two qubits, and show an example how bound entanglement can be detected with few local measurements.

Guehne, O.; Hyllus, P.; Bruss, D.; Lewenstein, M.; Sanpera, A. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Hannover, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Ekert, A. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Macchiavello, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta' and INFM-Unita di Pavia, Via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia (Italy)



Semilocal dynamical correlation with increased localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a localization technique for the correlation energy density and a linear response constraint, we construct a localized semilocal model for dynamical correlation. The model is incorporated into a meta-generalized gradient approximation functional which is very accurate for jellium surfaces, Hooke's atom at all regimes, and works well both in conjunction with a semilocal exchange and together with local and nonlocal exact exchange.

Constantin, Lucian A.; Fabiano, Eduardo; Sala, Fabio Della



Iris Localization via Pulling and Pushing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iris localization is a critical module in iris recogni- tion because it defines the inner and outer boundaries of iris region used for feature analysis. State-of-the-art iris localization methods need to implement a brute- force search of the large parameter space, which is time-consuming and sensitive to noises. This paper proposes a novel iris localization method based on a spring

Zhaofeng He; Tieniu Tan; Zhenan Sun



A neuromorphic microphone for sound localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a localization model which uses monaural spectral cues for localizing a sound source in a 1D plane. A neuromorphic microphone is constructed to implement this model; its operating principles take advantage of biologically-based monaural cues. The motivation is to understand human sound localization better and to build low-cost stereo capabilities into a single microphone. The head-related transfer function

Chiang-Jung Pu; John G. Harris; J. C. Principe



On Achievable Accuracy in Edge Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edge localization occurs when an edge detector determines the location of an edge in an image. The authors use statistical parameter estimation techniques to derive bounds on achievable accuracy in edge localization. These bounds, known as the Cramer-Rao bounds, reveal the effect on localization of factors such as signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), extent of edge observed, scale of smoothing filter, and

Ramakrishna Kakarala; Alfred O. Hero III



Local government and demand-side bidding  

SciTech Connect

As part of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) technical assistance to the Sustainable City Project, the issue of DSM bidding was examined as a possible option for local government. The recent interest and activity in DSM bidding around the country presents an opportunity for local government. Potential benefits for local government include increased installation of energy efficiency measures in municipal facilities and in the community, economic development, an additional source of revenue to help pay for municipal programs (including additional conservation efforts), and an enhanced local image. Local government will most likely participate in DSM bidding as a customer or as a client of an energy service company (ESCO). The exact role will depend on local government's response to key issues associated with DSM bidding, such as performance guarantees, quality assurance procedures (measuring savings and providing financial security), and the administrative burden. In addition, local government will have to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of working with an ESCO. While local government has not yet participated in DSM bidding, local government is in a unique position to take advantage of energy efficiency opportunities as owner-operators of municipal facilities which consume significant amounts of energy, planners and regulators of new development, and general providers of services and assistance to their communities. Furthermore, local governments have lower risks (in terms of program success) than small businesses, and local governments' credibility and experience in dealing with customers may reduce high transaction costs associated with DSM bidding. Despite these advantages, local governments should take a cautious approach in participating in DSM bidding processes, and should carefully examine other strategies for promoting energy efficiency (including participation in conventional utility programs) prior to participating in DSM bidding.

Vine, E.



A Description of Del Mod and Its Final Evaluation, Final Report, Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph presents an overview of five Del Mod System final reports, comments by the project director, financial structure of the Del Mod System, and descriptions of Del Mod Projects. The Del Mod System was concerned with changing the science and mathematics education programs in the state of Delaware. Between 1970 and 1976, Del Mod conducted…

Purnell, Charlotte H.; Bolig, John R.


An evening at "La Clinica del Pueblo".  


This article describes a typical evening at the Clinica del Pueblo in the Hispanic neighborhood of Adams-Morgan in Washington, D.c. The Clinical del Pueblo began operating in 1983 in response to the urgen medical needs of Central American refugees arriving in the Washington D.c. area. The refugees bring with them severe trauma, fear, and health problems caused by the civil was and exacerbated by inadequate or non-existant health services. Approximately 80,000 Salvadoran refugees live in the area. They do not receive adequate health care for 3 reasons. 1) Because the US goverment is unwilling to recognize them as true refugees, they live with the constant threat of deportatin back to the violence from which they have fled. 2) Refugees lack the ability to pay for private care. 3) Langauage and culture create frightening barriers to health care for the refugees. For those who do seek care, these barriers can lead to the inadequate or incomplete diagnoses and poor compliance and follow-up. Plenty International and the Central American Refugee Center responded to these problems by organizing a free clinic to provide not only medical care but also a training course for volunteers. The director of the clinic organizes the course, the classes are taught by a variety of people including the clinic's volunteer physicians, nurses, and public health educators as well as graduates of previus training courses and people from the wider community. The services of the clinic reach only a small portion of the population in need. However, the fact that free medical services are now available to some Central American refugees make the Clinica del Pueblo an important program. PMID:12281149

Shefsky, M L



Lipid emulsion for local anesthetic systemic toxicity.  


The accidental overdose of local anesthetics may prove fatal. The commonly used amide local anesthetics have varying adverse effects on the myocardium, and beyond a certain dose all are capable of causing death. Local anesthetics are the most frequently used drugs amongst anesthetists and although uncommon, local anaesthetic systemic toxicity accounts for a high proportion of mortality, with local anaesthetic-induced cardiac arrest particularly resistant to standard resuscitation methods. Over the last decade, there has been convincing evidence of intravenous lipid emulsions as a rescue in local anesthetic-cardiotoxicity, and anesthetic organisations, over the globe have developed guidelines on the use of this drug. Despite this, awareness amongst practitioners appears to be lacking. All who use local anesthetics in their practice should have an appreciation of patients at high risk of toxicity, early symptoms and signs of toxicity, preventative measures when using local anesthetics, and the initial management of systemic toxicity with intravenous lipid emulsion. In this paper we intend to discuss the pharmacology and pathophysiology of local anesthetics and toxicity, and the rationale for lipid emulsion therapy. PMID:21969824

Ciechanowicz, Sarah; Patil, Vinod



When local isn't best  

PubMed Central

This paper attempts to explain circumstances under which local may be or may not be best. Natural selection may lead to local adaptation (LA), or it may be constrained by gene flow, founder effects, small population size, genetic drift, and archetype. ‘Specialist’ species display greater LA than ‘generalist’ species. Local genotypes are to a certain extent transient, being a consequence of past historical genetic patterns. Two recent meta-analyses found that while local performance exceeded the performance of a randomly chosen nonlocal population in 71% of comparisons, general adaptation across environments was as frequent as LA. Genotypes for restoration are most likely to be effective if they are adapted to current site conditions. As environmental change accelerates, both globally and locally, exceptions to ‘local is best’ may increase. For these reasons, ‘local is best’ may be better thought of as a testable hypothesis rather than as a general assumption. While either local or nonlocal plant material may be most effective for restoration practice depending on individual circumstances, local material will continue to be the first choice for restoration practitioners whenever this option is feasible and effective.

Jones, Thomas A



Angular momentum in the Local Group  

SciTech Connect

We briefly review models for the Local Group and the acquisition of its angular momentum. We describe early attempts to understand the origin of the spin of the galaxies discussing the hypothesis that the Local Group has little angular momentum. Finally we show that using Peebles` least action principle there should be a rather large amount of orbital angular momentum compared to the magnitude of the spin of its galaxies. Therefore the Local Group cannot be thought as tidally isolated. Using Peebles` trajectories we give a possible set of trajectories for Local Group galaxies which would predict their spin.

Dunn, A. [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. of Astronomy; Laflamme, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)



Constitutional Issues in Local Coastal Resource Protection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The evolution of local land use regulatory techniques; Authority to implement coastal zone management ordinances; Substantive due process; The taking clause; Equal protection; Procedural due process; Remedies.

R. G. Hamann



Localization and holography in gauge theories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compare exact results from Pestun's localization [1] of SU( N) gauge theory on S 4 with available holographic models. While localization can explain the Coulomb branch vacuum of the holographic Pilch-Warner flow [2], it disagrees with the holographic Gauntlett et al. [3] vacuum of super Yang-Mills theory. We further compute the free energy of the Pilch-Warner flow on S 4 and show that it disagrees with the localization result both for a finite S 4 radius, and in the S 4 decompactification limit. Thus, neither model represents holographic dual of supersymmetric S 4 localization of [1].

Buchel, Alex



Functional Localization of Genetic Network Programming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the knowledge of brain science, it is suggested that there exists cerebral functional localization, which means that a specific part of the cerebrum is activated depending on various kinds of information human receives. The aim of this paper is to build an artificial model to realize functional localization based on Genetic Network Programming (GNP), a new evolutionary computation method recently developed. GNP has a directed graph structure suitable for realizing functional localization. We studied the basic characteristics of the proposed system by making GNP work in a functionally localized way.

Eto, Shinji; Hirasawa, Kotaro; Hu, Jinglu



SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 Global gyrokinetic simulations of turbulence include physical effects that are not retained in local flux-tube simulations. nevertheless, in the limit of sufficiently small {rho}* (gyroradius compared to system size) it is expected that a local simulation should agree with a global one (at the local simulation radius) since all effects that are dropped in the local simulations are expected to vanish as {rho}* {yields} 0. In this note, global simulations of a well-established test case are indeed shown to recover the flux-tube limit at each radius.




UBVJHKLM photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of the optical and IR photometry of Nova Del 2013 obtained at the Crimean Station (Nauchny, Ukraine) of the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. UBV photometry was carried out with 60-cm Zeiss telescope using a photoelectric photometer on August 15.94 UT: U=4.54+/-0.02, B=5.07+/-0.01, V=5.05+/-0.01; on August 16.80 UT: U=4.54+/-0.01, B=4.85+/-0.02, V=4.68+/-0.01; on August 16.86 UT: U=4.66+/-0.01, B=4.92+/-0.01, V=4.73+/-0.01.

Burlak, A. M.; Shenavrin, I. V.; Tatarnikov, M. A.; Tatarnikova, A. A.



Near Infrared Photometry of Nova Del 2013  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Subjects: Infra-Red, Nova We report RIJHKLM photometry of Nova Del 2013 taken on August 28.13 UT using an As:Si bolometer mounted on the 0.76-m infrared telescope of the University of Minnesota's O'Brien Observatory (Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, USA). Vega (alpha Lyrae) was used as the standard star. On this date we find: R = 5.6 +/- 0.1, I = 5.2 +/- 0.1, J = 4.5 +/- 0.1, H = 4.7 +/- 0.1, K = 4.7 +/- 0.1, L = 3.3 +/- 0.2, M = +1.8 +/- 0.3.

Cass, C. A.; Carlon, L. R.; Corgan, T. D.; Dykhoff, A. D.; Gehrz, D. R.; Shenoy, P. D.



Do local and global perceptual biases tell us anything about local and global selective attention?  


Local, as opposed to global, perceptual bias has been linked to a lesser ability to attend globally. We examined this proposed link in Himba observers, members of a remote Namibian population who have demonstrated a strong local bias compared with British observers. If local perceptual bias is related to a lesser ability to attend globally, Himba observers, relative to British observers, should be less distracted by global information when performing a local-selection task but more distracted by local information when performing a global-selection task. However, Himba observers performed better than British observers did on both a local-selection task and a global-selection task (both of which used local/global hierarchical figures as stimuli), which suggests that they possessed greater control over attentional selection in response to task demands. We conclude that local and global perceptual biases must be distinguished from local and global selective attention. PMID:23300230

Caparos, Serge; Linnell, Karina J; Bremner, Andrew J; de Fockert, Jan W; Davidoff, Jules



The paleontological site in the Sierra del Chaparral (Villaluenga del Rosario, Cádiz-Spain)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines the results obtained during the first study of the Chaparral site (Villaluenga del Rosario, Cádiz, Spain) situated in the karst area of the Sierra de Grazalema. The varied macro- and micro-vertebrate fauna include carnivore, herbivores and rodents, as well as reptiles and amphibians, suggesting an Early Pleistocene age. The taphonomic study of the fauna discovered on the

Francisco Giles Pacheco; Antonio Santiago; José María Gutiérrez; Juan Manuel López-García; Hugues-Alexandre Blain; Gloria Cuenca-Bescós; Jan van der Made; Isabel Cáceres; Nuria García


On speciation of VOC localization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most of the gas-phase chemical mechanisms successfully used in gas-phase atmospheric chemical processes, such as CBM-Z, RADM2 or SAPRC-07, treat hundreds of VOC as lumped organic species by their chemical characteristics. Most of the model results are compared with total VOC observations, and it is not appropriate to compare lumped VOC simulations to observations even if there are separate VOC observations like Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS). While the PAMS Air Quality Model (PAMS-AQM) is developed, separate organic species observed by PAMS without a doubt can be directly compared with model simulations. From the past case study (Chen et al., 2010), it shows a major and very significant finding in that detailed emissions of VOC in the existing emissions database are often in error in Taiwan or other countries due to the fact that the annual VOC emissions are classified into hundreds of species-specific emissions by using the speciation factors following the protocol of the U.S. EPA (AP-42). Based on all PAMS observations from 2006-2007, four base cases with well comparable meteorological simulations were selected for the unified correction for all sources in Taiwan. After the PAMS species emissions are modified, the diurnal patterns and simulation-observation correlation for most of the PAMS species are improved, and the concentration levels are more comparable with those of observations. More expanded case studies also revealed necessary corrections for the PAMS species emissions. Sensitivity analyses for lumped organic species with modified PAMS species emissions are also conducted. After modified PAMS emissions are added into lumped VOC emissions, there is an increase of only 10% of totally VOC emissions. While the sources of the lumped VOC emissions are changed, ozone formation shows no significant change with modified lumped VOC emissions. This helps to support the argument that for ozone simulation, the lumped VOC processes balance out any shortcomings in VOC details and the simulation of oxidant levels remain unchanged. But for the detail emissions of VOC, one can find out the error with local VOC speciation and make corrections.

Chen, S.; Chang, J.; Wang, J.



Interstellar Gas in the Local Chimneys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present ultraviolet absorption observations of four nearby (d < 250 pc) DA white dwarfs using spectral data (R˜15 km s-1) obtained with the NASA HST Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (1150-1700 Å) and the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (912-1170 Å). Two of these targets (WD2321-549 and WD2124-224) sample gas along the Southern Local Chimney sight line, while WD1040+492 samples gas within the Northern Local Chimney and the sight line toward WD2257-073 samples gas located entirely within the central confines of the Local Interstellar Cavity. We have fit the numerous high and low ion interstellar absorption-line profiles with theoretical models in order to determine the velocity and ion column densities of the sight-line gas clouds. Using these data we have derived element abundances relative to that of (assumed undepleted) sulfur for each of the four sight lines. We find that the 89 pc sight line toward WD2257-73 reveals a pattern of element depletion associated with interstellar gas located within the inner Local Cavity that is greater than those derived for the other three sight lines that sample gas within the two Local Chimney features. The sight lines toward WD2124-224 and WD2321-549, which sample gas along the Southern Local Chimney, show patterns of element depletion that are greater than that derived for the Northern Local Chimney sight line toward WD1040+492. Although our sight line sample is small, these data seem to indicate that the interstellar gas located along both local chimneys may be chemically different from gas within the central regions of the Local Cavity. This may indicate that Local Chimney gas has a different physical history and origin from the interstellar gas located within the inner Local Cavity.

Welsh, Barry Y.; Lallement, Rosine



Assessment of local deformation using EBSD: Quantification of local damage at grain boundaries  

SciTech Connect

Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) in conjunction with scanning electron microscopy was used to assess localization of the local misorientation to grain boundary. In order to quantify the degree of localization, a parameter, which was referred to as the grain boundary local misorientation, was proposed. Through crystal orientation measurements using deformed Type 316 stainless steel, it was shown that the grain boundary local misorientation increased with the applied plastic strain. Particularly, at several grain boundaries, the grain boundary local misorientation was more than 3 times the local misorientation averaged for the whole area. Surface observations revealed that the large local misorientation near the grain boundaries was attributed to the impeded slip steps rather than the number of slip steps observed on the surface. The magnitude of the grain boundary local misorientation had a week correlation with grain boundary length or grain boundary misorientation, and no correlation was found for twin boundaries. Finally, it was shown that the maximum grain boundary local misorientation could be estimated statistically, and the estimated maximum value for the specimen surface with an area of 80 mm{sup 2} was 10.6 times the averaged value. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The grain boundary local misorientation was proposed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The maximum grain boundary local misorientation could be estimated statistically. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The large local misorientation was attributed to the impeded slip steps.

Kamaya, Masayuki, E-mail:




Microsoft Academic Search

Con este trabajo pretendemos acercarnos al Carnaval de Andalucía occidental a partir de su recuperación durante la Transición y los gobiernos socialistas en la década de los años ochenta del pasado siglo XX. Este proceso tuvo lugar en un marco de participación ciudadana, modernización económica, estado del bienestar, constitución de las comunidades autónomas, sociedad del espectáculo y del entretenimiento, y

Francisco José García Gallardo



Violation of local realism versus detection efficiency  

SciTech Connect

We put bounds on the minimum detection efficiency necessary to violate local realism in Bell experiments. These bounds depend on simple parameters like the number of measurement settings or the dimensionality of the entangled quantum state. We derive them by constructing explicit local hidden variable models which reproduce the quantum correlations for sufficiently small detectors efficiency.

Massar, Serge; Pironio, Stefano [Service de Physique Theorique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, C.P. 225, Bvd. du Triomphe, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)



Locality and realism in contextual theories  

SciTech Connect

Two types of contextual theories are distinguished and shown to be related. For theories of each type a criterion of locality is formulated which is weaker than the classical requirement of separability at spacelike intervals. The relations between the concepts of locality, realism, and ontic chance are discussed.

Hoekzema, D.



Isospectral manifolds with different local geometries  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct several new classes of isospectral manifolds with different local geometries. After reviewing a theorem by Carolyn Gordon on isospectral torus bundles and presenting certain useful specialized versions (Chapter 1) we apply these tools to construct the first examples of isospectral four-dimensional manifolds which are not locally isometric (Chapter 2). Moreover, we construct the first examples of isospectral left

Dorothee Schueth



Human Capital Formation and Local Economic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

BRADLEY S. and TAYLOR J. (1996) Human capital formation and local economic performance, Reg. Studies, 30, 1–14. This paper is concerned with the interaction between the vocational education and training system (VET) and local economic performance in Britain. After briefly discussing the shortcomings of Britain's VET system, the paper examines the way in which the education and training system and

Steve Bradley; Jim Taylor



The in situ localization of folic acid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis  A histochemical azo-coupling method for localizing folic acidin situ is described. Cat and rat liver, kidney, bone marrow and brain were found to be rich in folic acid; stomach, intestine, salivary glands, and blood contained less. Folic acid was localized in the cytoplasm of tissues having a very active metabolism, but in the nucleus of highly specialized cells such as

Doina Onicescu; Maria Popescu; Lumini?a Ta?cå



The Local Group as an Astrophysical Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. History of the Local Group S. van den Bergh; 2. Primordial nucleosynthesis G. Steigman; 3. Galactic structure R. F. G. Wyse; 4. The Large Magellanic Cloud: structure and kinematics R. P. van der Marel; 5. The Local Group as an astrophysical laboratory for massive star feedback M. S. Oey; 6. Hot gas in the Local Group and low-redshift intergalactic medium K. R. Sembach; 7. Stages of satellite accretion M. E. Putman; 8. The star formation history in the Andromeda halo T. M. Brown; 9. Bulge populations in the Local Group R. M. Rich; 10. The Local Group as a laboratory for the chemical evolution of galaxies D. R. Garnett; 11. Massive stars in the Local Group: Star formation and stellar evolution P. Massey; 12. Massive young clusters in the Local Group J. Maíz-Apellániz; 13. Magellanic Cloud planetary nebulae as probes of stellar evolution and populations L. Stanghellini; 14. The old globular clusters: or, life among the ruins W. E. Harris; 15. Chemical evolution models of Local Group galaxies M. Tosi.

Livio, Mario; Brown, Thomas M.



The Local Group as an Astrophysical Laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. History of the Local Group S. van den Bergh; 2. Primordial nucleosynthesis G. Steigman; 3. Galactic structure R. F. G. Wyse; 4. The Large Magellanic Cloud: structure and kinematics R. P. van der Marel; 5. The Local Group as an astrophysical laboratory for massive star feedback M. S. Oey; 6. Hot gas in the Local Group and low-redshift intergalactic medium K. R. Sembach; 7. Stages of satellite accretion M. E. Putman; 8. The star formation history in the Andromeda halo T. M. Brown; 9. Bulge populations in the Local Group R. M. Rich; 10. The Local Group as a laboratory for the chemical evolution of galaxies D. R. Garnett; 11. Massive stars in the Local Group: Star formation and stellar evolution P. Massey; 12. Massive young clusters in the Local Group J. Maíz-Apellániz; 13. Magellanic Cloud planetary nebulae as probes of stellar evolution and populations L. Stanghellini; 14. The old globular clusters: or, life among the ruins W. E. Harris; 15. Chemical evolution models of Local Group galaxies M. Tosi.

Livio, Mario; Brown, Thomas M.



Local treatments for cutaneous warts: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To assess the evidence for the efficacy of local treatments for cutaneous warts. Methods Systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Main outcomes measures Total clearance of warts and adverse effects such as irritation, pain, and blistering. Study selection Randomised controlled trials of any local treatment for uncomplicated cutaneous warts. All published and unpublished material was considered, with no restriction

Sam Gibbs; Ian Harvey; Jane Sterling; Rosemary Stark



Microsoft Academic Search

RATIONALE FOR DEVELOPING THE obligations incurred earlier when the retiree MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM was an employee. The resulting impacts of prior deficit spending and of unfunded vested We find two reasons to develop an improved pension commitments were compounded by management information system for local gov- the lack in some local governments of accurate ernments. One is the apparent inability

John Sjo; Arlo W. Biere



Local area networks in radioactivity measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the operation of a Local Area Network at Nuclear Chemistry Laboratory involved in surveillance of environmental radioactivity. Detailed consideration is given separately to computer and network hardware, radiation instrument interfacing, software, as well as operations. The application of a Local Area Network offers considerable improvements in the laboratory preformance, quality assurance of radioactivity analyses, and data reporting.

T. M. Semkow; C. D. Schwenker; M. E. Kitto; J. C. Daly



Fluid dynamics of local martian magma oceans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of a melt region produced by a large impact during Mars formation is addressed. While some impact induced melt is redistributed during crater excavation, sufficiently large impacts (much larger than basin forming impacts) generate an intact melt region which is retained beneath the excavation zone, i.e., a local magma ocean. Local magma ocean evolution depends on the effective

C. C. Reese; V. S. Solomatov



Optimal network localization by particle swarm optimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practical and theoretical importance of net- work localization has determined a great focus from the scientific community. In recent years several schemes have been proposed to solve the localization problem under certain constraints. Here, we apply the particle swarm optimization (PSO) paradigm to the problem of constructing optimally localizable networks. Alternative solutions which yield non- optimal solutions are also

Catalin V. Rusu; Hyo-Sung Ahn



Proton localization in the neutron star matter.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single proton localization in the neutron matter is studied by means of the self-consistent Hartree-Fock calculations. Ranges of the total density in which the localization is possible are derived and the corresponding proton and neutron density profiles are presented. Perspectives of the full inclusion of spin degrees of freedom are discussed.

Burzynski, K.; Dobaczewski, J.



Update on Locally Advanced Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Locally advanced breast cancer remains a clinical challenge as the majority of patients with this diagnosis develop distant metastases despite appropriate therapy. Patients with locally advanced disease encompass a wide range of clinical scenarios including advanced pri- mary tumors (stage T4), advanced nodal disease (fixed axillary nodes or involvement of ipsilateral supraclavic- ular, infraclavicular, or internal mammary nodes), and inflammatory



Realizing justice in local food systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

For alternative agrifood social movements, food-system localization is both an ideal and a pathway to resolve environmental, social and economic issues in the food system. This article addresses the potential for equity within food-system localization in practical and conceptual terms. Historical processes have shaped regions and social relations with vast differences in wealth, power and privilege and this has implications

Patricia Allen



Local Television's Ethical Dilemma: Controversial Network Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the controversial 2004 Super Bowl halftime show with Janet Jackson, local TV general managers have been under pressure to identify and control indecent network programming—programming they do not originate yet can be fined for by the FCC. The purpose of this study was to see what local station general managers were thinking about this issue, and to see how

Kenneth D. Loomis



Aerospace Clusters: Local or Global Knowledge Spillovers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature about regional innovation systems, clusters and industrial districts insists on the importance of local knowledge spillovers. Nevertheless, more recently a few authors have put in question the importance of local knowledge spillovers. This paper provides an analysis of some of the most dynamic aerospace clusters in the world, located in Montreal, Seattle, Toulouse and Toronto. We start by

Jorge Niosi; Majlinda Zhegu



Smoothed Local Symmetries and Their Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a novel representation of two-dimensional shape that we call smoothed local symmetries (SLS). Smoothed local symmetries represent both the bounding contour of a shape fragment and the region that it occupies. In this paper we develop the main features of the SLS repre sentation and describe an implemented algorithm that com putes it. The performance of the algorithm

Michael Brady; Haruo Asada



Semiclassical Analysis of the Nonequilibrium Local Polaron  

Microsoft Academic Search

A resonant level strongly coupled to a local phonon under nonequilibrium conditions is investigated. The nonequilibrium Hartree-Fock approximation is shown to correspond to approximating the steady state density matrix by delta functions at field values to which the local dynamics relaxes in a semiclassical limit. If multiple solutions exist, all are shown to make nonvanishing contributions to physical quantities: multistability

A. Mitra; I. Aleiner; A. J. Millis



Localized nonlinear edge states in honeycomb lattices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two-dimensional localized edge modes in optical honeycomb lattices are found and analyzed analytically and computationally. Weak nonlinearity and transverse modulation are found to introduce self-phase modulation in the phase and create internal nonlinear interactions as the electromagnetic field propagates through the lattice. Even with relatively strong nonlinearity localization and persistence of modes along the edge are found.

Ablowitz, Mark J.; Curtis, Christopher W.; Zhu, Yi



A Sensorimotor Approach to Sound Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sound localization is known to be a complex phenomenon, combining multisensory information processing, experience-dependent plasticity, and movement. Here we present a sensorimotor model that addresses the question of how an organism could learn to localize sound sources with- outanyapriorineuralrepresentationofitshead-relatedtransferfunction or prior experience with auditory spatial information. We demonstrate quantitatively that the experience of the sensory consequences of its vol- untary

Murat Aytekin; Cynthia F. Moss; Jonathan Z. Simon



Engaging Senior Citizens in Local Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the past several years, school district personnel have faced an arduous task of convincing a local electorate--including those who are not directly associated with local schools--to increase its own tax rate. Convincing demographic groups that have a vital interest in improving school facilities can be an easier task. Parents who want to…

Geier, Brett A.



Safety of intraneural injection of local anesthetic  

PubMed Central

There is conflicting information in the literature regarding nerve damage following regional anesthesia. Intraneural injection of local anesthetic was described as a safe practice in regional anesthesia. This review focuses on the histopathological and functional assessment of peripheral nerve function following intraneural injection of local anesthetics.

Eldawlatly, Abdelazeem; Rikabi, Ammar Al; Elmasry, Shady



Locally Adaptive Metric Nearest-Neighbor Classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearest neighbor classification assumes locally constant class conditional probabilities.This assumption becomes invalid in high dimensions with finite samplesdue to the curse of dimensionality. Severe bias can be introduced under theseconditions when using the nearest neighbor rule. We propose a locally adaptivenearest neighbor classification method to try to minimize bias. We use a Chisquared distance analysis to compute a flexible metric

Carlotta Domeniconi; Jing Peng; Dimitrios Gunopulos



Carotid Endarterectomy; Local or General Anaesthesia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives to review the evidence for theoretical and clinical benefits of local or general anaesthesia for carotid endarterectomy. Methods literature review. Results animal studies suggest cerebral protection by a variety of general anaesthetic agents but clinical evidence is lacking. There is some clinical evidence that normal cerebral protective reflexes are preserved with local anaesthesia. Shunt insertion is the most widely

A. J McCleary; G Maritati; M. J Gough



Capturing, sharing, and using local place information  

Microsoft Academic Search

With new technology, people can share information about everyday places they go; the resulting data helps others find and evaluate places. Recent applications like Dodgeball and Sharescape repurpose everyday place information: users create local place data for personal use, and the systems display it for public use. We explore both the opportunities -- new local knowledge, and concerns -- privacy

Pamela J. Ludford; Reid Priedhorsky; Ken Reily; Loren G. Terveen



Monoidal equivalence for locally compact quantum groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we investigate the notion of monoidal equivalence for locally compact quantum groups, using the notion of a (bi-)Galois object. If (M, ?) is the von Neumann algebraic realization of a locally comp act quantum group, a Galois object consists of a von Neumann algebra N together with an ergodic integrable coaction ? of M on N, such

Kenny De Commer


Secondary School Education and Local Governments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this publication is to aid city management's participation in improving education on local government. The need for such participation is evident from the lack of progress in the teaching of local government since a 1963 report on the topic. Difficulties, such as insufficient class time, inadequate resources, teachers unfamiliar with…

Leland, Robert C.



Epidemiology of locally advanced breast cancer.  


Locally advanced breast cancer refers to patients diagnosed with bulky primary cancers and/or regional adenopathy. It's frequency has diminished greatly because of screening mammography and early detection. However, impoverished and minority racial/ethnic communities continue to experience disproportionately high breast cancer mortality rates because of their high risk for being diagnosed with locally advanced disease. PMID:19732683

Newman, Lisa A




SciTech Connect

Local decoupling is a technique to correct coupling locally and operationally, that is, without a priori knowledge of the underlying skew quadrupole errors. The method is explained and applied to the correction of coupling in the interaction regions of the LHC at collision.




3D Underwater Sensor Network Localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We transform the 3D underwater sensor network (USN) localization problem into its 2D counterpart by employing sensor depth information and a simple projection technique. We first prove that a nondegenerative projection preserves network localizability. We then prove that given a network and a constant k, all of the geometric k-lateration localization methods are equivalent. Based on these results, we design

Amin Y. Teymorian; Wei Cheng; Liran Ma; Xiuzhen Cheng; Xicheng Lu; Zexin Lu



From centralized to distributed sensor localization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work we consider the problem of sensor network localization when only the connectivity information is available. More specifically, we compare the performance of the centralized algorithm MDS-MAP with its distributed version HOP-TERRAIN. We show that both algorithms are able to localize sensors up to a bounded error decreasing at a rate inversely proportional to the radio range r.

Amin Karbasi



Sharing Local Revenue: One District's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The vast majority of U.S. school districts are considered independent and have taxing authority; the remaining districts rely on revenue and budgetary approval from their local government. In the latter case, localities often use some form of negotiated process to determine the amount of revenue their school districts will receive. Typically, a…

Cline, David S.



Government, Effectiveness, Performance, and Local Property Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

We offer a practical measure of local government effectiveness in the provision of public services relating service expenditures to aggregate property value. Building on the work of Brueckner (1979, 1982, 1983) and Henderson (1990, 1995) we present an aggregate property value maximization model where levels of local public services are capitalized into aggregate property values. Using data for Wisconsin municipalities

Steven Deller; Craig Maher




Microsoft Academic Search

The Nth order probability density function for pixels in a restricted neighborhood may be characterized by a set of N histograms (or some corresponding moments) computed along appropriately chosen axes. The projections on those axes are obtained from a local linear transform of the local neighborhood vector. This approach is closely related to filter bank analysis methods and gives a

Michael UNSER



Components of the Local Interstellar Medium  

Microsoft Academic Search

HST, EUVE, and optical Ca II spectra are providing the critical velocity and column density data needed to identify individual structures (clouds) of warm gas in the local ISM near the Sun. We determine the shape and physical properties of the Local Interstellar Cloud (LIC) from 43 lines of sight. The Sun is located very close to the edge of

J. L. Linsky; S. Redfield; B. Wood



On Decidability Properties of Local Sentences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local (first order) sentences, introduced by Ressayre, enjoy very nice decidability properties, following from some stretching theorems stating some remarkable links between the finite and the infinite model theory of these sentences (Res88). Another stretching theorem of Finkel and Ressayre implies that one can decide, for a given local sentence ' and an ordinal fi < !!, whether ' has

Olivier Finkel



On Decidability Properties of Local Sentences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Local (first order) sentences, introduced by Ressayre, enjoy very nice decidability properties, following from some stretching theorems stating some remarkable links between the finite and the infinite model theory of these sentences [Res88]. Another stretching theorem of Finkel and Ressayre implies that one can decide, for a given local sentence ’ and an ordinal fi ,, whether ’ has

Olivier Finkel



Promoting Creativity in Local Tourist Businesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses an e-learning pilot study focusing on local tourist producers and businesses involved in the production of artefacts, mainly textiles. The project included research into the possibilities of incorporating the strengths of local cultural heritage as a vital starting point for design creativity, innovation, production and…

Perivoliotis-Chryssovergis, Margaret-Catherine



Local authority investment property – a virtual reality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The total capital value of the tenanted non-residential property of English and Welsh local authorities is immense, more even than the total holdings of the top eight, UK-based, property companies. However, while property investment companies own tenanted property for financial returns, the primary reason for its ownership by local authorities is far from clear. A survey of councils revealed that

Neil Martindale



Morphological image segmentation by local monotonicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image segmentation is fundamental task in image processing and multimedia. We propose a general method for image segmentation based upon the relationship between mathematical morphology and the local monotonicity of signals. In this paper, we introduce a two-dimensional generalization of the concept of local monotonicity based on mathematical morphology. A multiscale representation of an image is morphologically generated, wherein the

Joseph H. Bosworth; Scott T. Acton



Small bowel hemorrhage: Angiographic localization and intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occult bleeding in the small bowel was localized with mesenteric angiography in 64 patients. Two groups of patients were identified. In the first group comprising 38 patients, bleeding sites were localized by the demonstration of contrast extravasation. In the second group of 26 patients, there was no extravasation. However, other angiographic findings suggested the source of bleeding. No active bleeding

Christopher L. Tillotson; Stuart C. Geller; Lisa Kantrowitz; Marlene R. Eckstein; Arthur C. Waltman; Christos A. Athanasoulis



Local house price developments and housing supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In this paper, we identify the relationship between (local) housing supply and (local) house price developments, especially in The Netherlands. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – We measure the influence of new building on house prices by comparing areas designated for concentrated new building (main Dutch cities) with areas where no large housing projects are developed. On the basis of classical economic

Paul De Vries; Peter Boelhouwer



Localized bending vibrations of piezoelectric plates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the existence and propagation of electro-elastic bending waves localized at the free edge of a piezoelectric plate. The problem is considered within the framework of the high-order refined plate theory introduced by Ambartsumian. The condition for existence of a localized bending wave is obtained, and the dispersion equation solved with respect to a dimensionless frequency. It is

G. T. Piliposian; K. B. Ghazaryan



Global versus Local Aspects of Critical Collapse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis deals with critical collapse of a massless scalar field coupled to Einstein's equations in spherical symmetry. The system is numerically investigated from both global and local points of view using a characteristic slicing and radial compactification. We find that the critical exponent that characterizes the discretely self-similar solution can be extracted both locally, in the self-similar region and

Michael Pürrer



Sviluppo locale e leadership. Una proposta metodologica  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new methodological approach for local development. It is divided in three parts. The first part analyzes the critical points of local development in the framework of EU policies; the main critical point seems to be the lack of leadership competences to manage complex situations and the governance process. The second part underlines the main concepts and

Riziato Erica



Analysis of scattering characteristics of local biosensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The scattering characteristics of local biosensors (layered nanoparticles) in the field of evanescent waves are analyzed using the method of discrete sources. A local biosensor that can shift the spectral maximum to the IR region is synthesized. The effect of various parameters on the position of the spectral maximum is studied.

Grishina, N. V.; Eremin, Yu. A.; Sveshnikov, A. G.



Local Government Restructuring: Privatization and Its Alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local government restructuring should no longer be viewed as a simple dichotomy between private and public provision. A 1997 survey of chief elected township and county officials in New York shows that local governments use both private and public sector mechanisms to structure the market, create competition, and attain economies of scale. In addition to privatization and inter-municipal cooperation, two

Mildred Warner; Robert Hebdon



Decentralization and Local Governance in Kazakhstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentralization stands at a crossroad of scholarly debate and discussion on governance issues, no less so in transition countries. This article examines the role of decentralization for the promotion of good local governance in Kazakhstan. Available evidence substantiates that decentralization has a limited capacity to contribute to good local governance in Kazakhstan. This raises a fundamental question as to whether

Shahjahan H. Bhuiyan



Spain: Local Democracy and Citizen Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses its attention on the democratic practice of local governments, taking the Spanish experience within its European context as the main point of reference. The analysis of democratic practice in local governments takes into consideration not only the collective decision-making processes, but also the real possibilities of citizen participation, assessing the urban model they lead to in the

Fernando Díaz Orueta



Local government reform: Privatisation and its alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Privatisation is only one of several alternatives for local government reform. Problems with lack of cost savings and the challenges of contract management have led local government reformers to explore other alternatives including municipal corporations, relational contracting and dynamic market management. Empirical analysis shows concerns with fiscal stress, efficiency, and managing political and citizen interests drive the reform process more

Germà Bel; Robert Hebdon; Mildred Warner



Local Control: An Overview of Conflicting Voices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To explore the issue of local control over public education, five major questions have been identified and followed by responses from a variety of sources that depict existing conflicts and diversity in opinion. The responses illustrate that resolutions of the local control problems are uncertain, not due to lack of direction by participants, but…

Bruss, Lyle R.


Local government transparency in East Central Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentralisation and democratisation have proceeded simultaneously in the post-communist space of East Central Europe. Decentralisation to elected local governments was encouraged to facilitate democratisation, combat corruption and provide better public services and goods. To evaluate the success of such efforts, I examine recently archived (2001, 2002) surveys of local government chief administrative officers from Romania, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Estonia



The concept of an ‘enabling’ local authority  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six distinct though related strands of ‘enabling’ as applied to the ability of local governments to engage in innovative methods of service delivery are distinguished. The practice of ‘enabling’ is analysed to identify possible advantages, obstacles, and disadvantages. Contracting can secure economies and strengthen the local economy but can cause problems of accountability. Consumerism may extend service-user choice but can

Brian Smith



Locally grid graphs: classification and Tutte uniqueness  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define a locally grid graph as a graph in which the structure around each vertex is a 3×3 grid ?, the canonical examples being the toroidal grids Cp×Cq. The paper contains two main results. First, we give a complete classification of locally grid graphs, showing that each of them has a natural embedding in the torus or in the

Alberto Márquez; Anna De Mier; Marc Noy; Maria Pastora Revuelta Marchena



FDTD local grid with material traverse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many problems in the FDTD require a relatively higher mesh resolution in only small sub-volumes of the total mesh space. By locally applying finer grids (local grids) to these volumes, the necessary resolution for these volumes can be obtained. The computational time and memory requirements may be far less than for an FDTD space with the smaller mesh resolution throughout.

M. W. Chevalier; R. J. Luebbers



FDTD local grid with material traverse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Often, a finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculation requires a relatively higher mesh resolution in only small subvolumes of the total mesh space. By locally applying finer grids (local grids) to these volumes, the necessary resolution can be obtained. Computation time and memory requirements may be far less than for an FDTD space with the smaller mesh resolution throughout. In many situations,

Michael W. Chevalier; Raymond J. Luebbers; Vaughn P. Cable



Localization of Curved Parts Through Continual Touch  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a simple system that localizes two-dimensional curved shapes through touch sensing, offering computational and experimental studies. The idea lies in determining the placement of a manipulator on a curved object during some special motion—rolling. A geometric algorithm is introduced to locate the boundary segment traced out by their contact using tactile data. Both completeness and local convergence have

Yan-Bin Jia



Computer Modeling of the Local Telephone Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe the structure and operation of an innovative computer-based model of the local exchange telephone network known as the HCPM. This model can be used in a variety of regulatory arenas, since it provides a regulatory agency with an independent source of information about the forward-looking costs of providing local telephone service. The model can also

C. A. Bush; D. M. Kennet; J. Prisbrey; W. W. Sharkey; Vaikunth Gupta



Maximally Stable Local Description for Scale Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scale and ane-in variant local features have shown excellent performance in image matching, object and texture recognition. This pa- per optimizes keypoint detection to achieve stable local descriptors, and therefore, an improved image representation. The technique performs scale selection based on a region descriptor, here SIFT, and chooses re- gions for which this descriptor is maximally stable. Maximal stability is

Gyuri Dorkó; Cordelia Schmid



Efficient discriminative local learning for object recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although object recognition methods based on local learning can reasonably resolve the difficulties caused by the large variations in images from the same category, the high risk of overfitting and the heavy computational cost in training numerous local models (classifiers or distance functions) often limit their applicability. To address these two unpleasant issues, we cast the multiple, independent training processes

Yen-Yu Lin; Jyun-Fan Tsai; Tyng-Luh Liu



Exploiting Transition Locality in Automatic Verification  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present an algorithm to contrast state explosion when using Explicit State Space Exploration to verify protocols. We show experimentally that protocols exhibit transition locality. We present a verification algorithm that exploits transition locality as well as an implementation of it within the Murphi verifier. Our algorithm is compatible with all Breadth First (BF) optimization techniques present

Enrico Tronci; Giuseppe Della Penna; Benedetto Intrigila; Marisa Venturini Zilli



Locally accessible information and distillation of entanglement  

SciTech Connect

A different type of complementarity relation is found between locally accessible information and final average entanglement for a given ensemble. It is also shown that in some well-known distillation protocols, this complementary relation is optimally satisfied. We discuss the interesting trade-off between locally accessible information and distillable entanglement for some states.

Ghosh, Sibasish [Department of Computer Science, University of York, Heslington, York, YO10 (United Kingdom); Joag, Pramod [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Kar, Guruprasad; Kunkri, Samir [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203, B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108 (India); Roy, Anirban [Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600 113 (India)



Universal mechanism for Anderson and weak localization  

PubMed Central

Localization of stationary waves occurs in a large variety of vibrating systems, whether mechanical, acoustical, optical, or quantum. It is induced by the presence of an inhomogeneous medium, a complex geometry, or a quenched disorder. One of its most striking and famous manifestations is Anderson localization, responsible for instance for the metal-insulator transition in disordered alloys. Yet, despite an enormous body of related literature, a clear and unified picture of localization is still to be found, as well as the exact relationship between its many manifestations. In this paper, we demonstrate that both Anderson and weak localizations originate from the same universal mechanism, acting on any type of vibration, in any dimension, and for any domain shape. This mechanism partitions the system into weakly coupled subregions. The boundaries of these subregions correspond to the valleys of a hidden landscape that emerges from the interplay between the wave operator and the system geometry. The height of the landscape along its valleys determines the strength of the coupling between the subregions. The landscape and its impact on localization can be determined rigorously by solving one special boundary problem. This theory allows one to predict the localization properties, the confining regions, and to estimate the energy of the vibrational eigenmodes through the properties of one geometrical object. In particular, Anderson localization can be understood as a special case of weak localization in a very rough landscape.

Filoche, Marcel; Mayboroda, Svitlana




Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of severe localized dry spots in turf is seldom observed on extensive areas. However, this problem developed to a significant magni- tude during 1971 on some golf courses located on sandy soils in Northern Michi- gan. It persisted in 197? in spite of frequent rains during much of the summer. Several causes for localized dry spots have been

Paul E. Rieke; James B. Beard


Noninvasive preoperative localization of an intracardiac bullet.  


A 40-year-old patient with intracardiac gunshot injury is reported. The bullet was localized preoperatively within the pericardium at the junction of the right atrium and the inferior caval vein and was removed successfully at surgery. The role of various imaging techniques in the preoperative localization of intracardiac missiles is discussed. PMID:1761338

Karak, P K; Sharma, S; Rajani, M