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1

Assessment of ovarian tumors using transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography.  

PubMed

In our study we used transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonography in a token of 127 women presenting with unilateral ovarian tumor. The characteristics of the tumors were analyzed, the presence of vascularization was checked and the resistance index (RI) was calculated. Consequently, based on a concrete scoring system, we attempted to discriminate these tumors as benign or malignant. It was proven that 24 of 127 ovarian tumors were malignant. Transvaginal color Doppler correctly identified 21 of the 24 malignant tumors, as well as 94 of the 103 benign tumors. In nine other cases we had false-positive results. The sensitivity and the specificity of the method was 87.5% and 91.2%, while the positive and negative predictive values were 70% and 96.9%, respectively. PMID:15493173

Daskalakis, G; Kalmantis, K; Skartados, N; Thomakos, N; Hatziioannou, L; Antsaklis, A

2004-01-01

2

Transvaginal ultrasonography in first trimester of pregnancy and its comparison with transabdominal ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Examination of pregnant women in the first trimester with transvaginal ultrasonography with the aim to study various fetal development markers, e.g., gestation sac, yolk sac, fetal heart motion, CRL length, and fetal anatomy in both normal and abnormal pregnancies. Comparative evaluation of transvaginal ultrasonography vis-à-vis transabdominal scanning in the study of first trimester of pregnancy and its complications. To assess the relative merits and demerits of transvaginal ultrasonography in comparison with the transabdominal technique. Materials and Methods: The study will be conducted on 50 females patients during the first trimester of pregnancy. The study population will consist of both normal and abnormal pregnancies. These patients will be included on the basis of suspicion of or proven pregnancy of duration up to 12 weeks from LMP. The evaluation of the patients will include the following: Record of patients obstetrical history and clinical examination, record of pregnancy test and relevant investigations, ultrasonic examination of pregnancy. (a) Transabdominal ultrasound scanning will be done with moderately distended bladder by using real time scanners with low frequency probe (3/3.5 MHz); (b) transvaginal sonography will be done with the real-time sector scanner using high-frequency endovaginal probe (5/7.5 MHz), after the patient voids urine. Relevant images will be taken by using the multiformat automatic camera. Results and Conclusions: In the study of 46 normal intrauterine pregnancies, TVS showed additional information in 36 patients (78.3%) as compared to TAS, in detection of gestation sac, yolk sac, double bleb sign, or better visualization of embryonic anatomy. In the abnormal pregnancy (n=17), TVS provided more information in 11 cases (64.9%), which included detection of embryonic demise, yolk sac, double bleb sign, or subchorionic hemorrhage. Regarding ectopic gestations (n=7), TVS gave additional information in 5 cases (71.4%) which included detection of ectopic fetal pole, yolk sac, decidual cast, adnexal mass, and fluid in cul de sac. In two cases, both TAS and TVS gave equal information. However, in 2 cases TAS demonstrated the extent of intraabdominal fluid better than TVS. The other advantages of TVS over TAS are that there is no need for the patient to have uncomfortably full bladder and time is saved from having to wait for bladder to fill. Thus, the potential preoperative patient can be kept fasting. TVS is also superior in obese patients, in patients with retroverted uterus and it also bypasses obstacles such as bone, gas filled bowel, and extensive pelvic adhesions. The limitations encountered with TVS were limited manoveuribility of probe and because of the unorthodox position and angle of the transducer, correct orientation was difficult initially. PMID:21966152

Kaur, Aneet; Kaur, Amarjit

2011-01-01

3

Comparison of transvaginal and transabdominal ultrasonography in ectopic pregnancy.  

PubMed

The authors retrospectively reviewed 45 consecutive cases of proven ectopic pregnancy for which both transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) ultrasonography had been performed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of the two imaging techniques. The criteria for a diagnosis of ectopic gestation included an extrauterine gestational sac containing a fetus or a fetal pole, or an empty extrauterine sac. Solid or complex adnexal masses with evidence of hemoperitoneum were considered suggestive but nondiagnostic. TV ultrasonography was superior to TA ultrasonography in 22 cases (49%) and inferior in 3 (7%). In the remaining 20 cases (44%) the two methods yielded similar information. For cases in which TV ultrasonography was superior, this method provided clear evidence of ectopic pregnancy in 11 cases in which TA ultrasonography demonstrated nonspecific masses or normal adnexa; in the other 11 cases both methods led to the correct diagnosis, but TV ultrasonography provided additional useful information. The authors conclude that TV ultrasonography has a definite role in improving the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. PMID:1933503

Athey, P A; Lamki, N; Matyas, M A; Watson, A B

1991-10-01

4

Diagnostic value of transvaginal 'tenderness-guided' ultrasonography for the prediction of location of deep endometriosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transvaginal tenderness-guided ultrasonogra- phy in the identification of location of deep endometriosis. METHODS: Consecutive women scheduled for surgery in our Department for clinically suspected endometriosis were included in this prospective study. All women underwent modified transvaginal ultrasonography using a stand-off in the week before surgery, which also evaluated the painful

Stefano Guerriero; Silvia Ajossa; Marta Gerada; Bruna Virgilio; Stefano Angioni; Gian Benedetto Melis

2008-01-01

5

The accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy prior to surgery  

E-print Network

The accuracy of transvaginal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy prior and Tom Bourne1 1 Early Pregnancy, Gynaecological Ultrasound and Minimal Access Surgery Unit, St George should be addressed at: Early Pregnancy, Gynaecological Ultrasound and MAS Unit, St George's Hospital

6

Transvaginal ultrasonographic quantitative assessment of accumulated cul-de-sac fluid.  

PubMed

Preoperative quantitative assessment of pelvic fluid is an important diagnostic tool in clinical decision making. In this study, we used high-frequency transvaginal ultrasonography in 10 healthy women to assess both the correlation between various amounts of fluid installed in the cul-de-sac and ultrasonic imaging and to determine whether correct estimation of fluid volume can be reached. No fluid could be ultrasonically detected when the volume was less than 35 to 40 ml. Between 35 and 100 ml there was a clear image of accumulated fluid in the cul-de-sac with good correlation between volume and image, whereas with larger amounts no clear correlation between the amount of fluid introduced and size of fluid area visualized by ultrasonography was possible. Transvaginal ultrasonography may enable quantitative evaluation of certain volumes of pelvic fluid, although amounts less than 35 ml cannot be visualized. PMID:1536225

Rosen, D J; Ben-Nun, I; Arbel, Y; Altaras, M M; Goldberger, S B; Beyth, Y

1992-02-01

7

Comparison of transvaginal ultrasonography and hysteroscopy in the diagnosis of uterine pathologies  

PubMed Central

A thorough evaluation of the uterine cavity is frequently required in gynecology practice. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic values of transvaginal ultrasound examination and hysteroscopy in detecting uterine abnormalities in a group of patients within a range of menopausal status and symptomatology. This study included 285 patients admitted with complaints of abnormal uterine bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, lower abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal discharge or for a routine gynecological examination. All patients had available transvaginal ultrasonography and hysteroscopy data for evaluation. A biopsy was obtained from all patients during the hysteroscopy session. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and likelihood ratio were calculated for both methods and compared, considering the histopathological diagnosis as the gold standard. The mean age of the patients was 49.5±12.9 years (range, 24-89 y). Majority of the patients admitted for abnormal uterine bleeding (n=198, 69.4%). For the diagnosis of polyps of any size, hysteroscopy had better sensitivity (p<0.001), however, specificities did not differ (p=1.0). On the other hand, hysteroscopy did not have a sensitivity advantage over TVU in diagnosing polyps greater than 1 cm (p=0.077), although this time hysteroscopy had better specificity (p<0.001). Combined approach did not offer diagnostic advantage for any of the specific pathologies. Although TVU represents a practical approach for the initial evaluation of uterine pathologies, hysteroscopy seems to offer better diagnostic value for uterine pathologies in general, and uterine polyps in particular. PMID:24753775

Babacan, Ali; Gun, Ismet; Kizilaslan, Cem; Ozden, Okan; Muhcu, Murat; Mungen, Ercument; Atay, Vedat

2014-01-01

8

Prediction of preterm delivery with transvaginal ultrasonography of the cervix in patients with high-risk pregnancies: Does cerclage prevent prematurity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: We sought to determine the predictive accuracy for preterm delivery of transvaginal ultrasonography of the cervix between 14 and 24 weeks’ gestation in high-risk patients and to determine whether cerclage prevents preterm delivery in patients with ultrasonographic cervical changes. Study Design: Patients with asymptomatic singleton pregnancies at high risk for preterm delivery were followed prospectively from 14 weeks’ to

Vincenzo Berghella; Sean F. Daly; Jorge E. Tolosa; Michelle M. DiVito; Robert Chalmers; Nidhi Garg; Aman Bhullar; Ronald J. Wapner

1999-01-01

9

Transvaginal ultrasonography of the endometrium in women with postmenopausal bleeding — a Nordic multicenter study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use transvaginal ultrasonographic measurements to find the thickness of the endometrium below which the risk of endomethial abnormality in women with postmenopausal bleeding is low.STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter study was carried out at eight clinics in four Nordic countries. The study included 1168 women with postmenopausal bleeding scheduled for curettage. Before the

Bengt Karlsson; Seth Granberg; Matts Wikland; Pekka Ylöstalo; Kiserud Torvid; Karel Marsal; Lil Valentin

1995-01-01

10

Usefulness of ultrasonography in assessment of laryngeal carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of ultrasonography in assessing laryngeal cancer. Methods: 72 patients with laryngeal carcinoma proven by surgery and pathology were enrolled. The pre-therapeutic ultrasonography and CT images were retrospectively evaluated, including tumour detection, localisation and invasion of intra- and extralaryngeal structures. A comparative assessment was made between the detection rate, correspondence rate of localisation and sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography and CT. The mobility of the larynx was observed on real-time ultrasonography and compared with laryngoscopy. Results: The detection rate of ultrasonography [63 (87.5%)/72] was lower than that of CT [72 (100.0%)/72] (p=0.006). The primary foci were accurately located in 59 (93.7%) of 63 lesions using ultrasonography compared with 70 (97.2%) of 72 lesions using CT (p=0.392). In the evaluation of invasion, the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography were similar to that of CT in most of the intra- and extralaryngeal structures (p=0.059–1.000). A higher specificity was obtained during the assessment of the paraglottic space involvement when using ultrasonography than CT (94.9% vs 66.7%, p=0.001). For vocal cord fixation, no statistical difference was found between ultrasonography and laryngoscopy (p=0.223). Conclusion: Ultrasonography could be used as a valuable supplementary imaging method to CT and laryngoscopy in the assessment of laryngeal carcinoma, even in male adults with some calcifications of the thyroid cartilage. Advances in knowledge: Our study demonstrates that ultrasonography, which has been used scarcely in the larynx, could supply useful information on the detection, localisation and intra- and extralaryngeal invasion of laryngeal carcinoma. PMID:24004487

Xia, C-X; Zhao, H-X; Yan, F; Li, S-L; Zhang, S-M

2013-01-01

11

Two cases of ovarian cancer at an early stage incidentally detected using transvaginal ultrasonography in screening: importance of interval for ovarian cancer screening and selection of population with a high risk of ovarian cancer.  

PubMed

Interval of ovarian cancer screening using transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) and selection of populations with a high risk of this disease are an important issue in detecting early stage-disease. We report two cases of ovarian cancer patients incidentally detected at FIGO Stage I using TVS in the obligatory staff health check. They had undergone other ovarian cancer screening by TVS six months before and received a carefree result at that time. One patient had risk factors (RFs) for ovarian cancer such as obesity and a familal history of ovarian cancer in a first degree relative, and the other had RFs such as obesity and endometrial malignancy. Although cost-effective screening may be important, we recommend that while normal and asymptomatic populations are screened annually, women with any high RFs for ovarian cancer should be screened every six months. PMID:19480258

Fukuyama, A; Yokoyama, Y; Wada, J; Hashimoto, T; Oda, T; Sato, S; Mizunuma, H

2009-01-01

12

A systematic review and quality assessment of systematic reviews of fetal fibronectin and transvaginal length for predicting preterm birth.  

PubMed

This systematic review aims to identify reviews of fetal fibronectin and transvaginal cervical length for predicting preterm birth, so that these could be appraised and the findings from good quality reviews highlighted. Reviews, rather than individual studies, are the basis for this systematic review because of the proliferation of reviews and the benefits of a single, consistent appraisal and assessment of evidence from these reviews, rather than further attempts to find and appraise the many individual studies in the literature. Potentially eligible reviews were sought primarily through searches of the electronic databases MEDLINE (1966-2005), EMBASE (1980-2005), CINHAL (1982-2005), Science Citation Index (1970-2005) and The Cochrane Library (Issue 3, 2005). Our systematic review consists of a description of the two factors that might be predictive of preterm birth and for which at least one relevant review was found. The scope and quality of the identified review(s) are described, and their conclusions and the strength of these conclusions discussed. Ten reviews were identified, of which seven were included in this systematic review of reviews. The quality of each review is assessed within the following domains; the extent of searching undertaken, description of study selection and inclusion criteria, comparability of included studies, assessment of publication bias, assessment of heterogeneity and conduct of sensitivity analyses. The reviews we identified show that cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin and transvaginal sonographic cervical length measurements are clinically useful factors in predicting preterm birth. Consideration might be given to the use of both the measurement of cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin and transvaginal sonographic assessment of cervical length to identify women at increased risk of preterm birth and, potentially, to improve the outcome for these women and their babies. PMID:17452071

Smith, Valerie; Devane, Declan; Begley, Cecily M; Clarke, Mike; Higgins, Shane

2007-08-01

13

Transvaginal Endoscopic Surgery for Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety, efficacy, and cosmetic outcomes of transvaginal endoscopic salpingectomy for tubal ectopic pregnancy. Methods: From May 2009 to May 2012, we prospectively enrolled 40 patients, each of whom had been scheduled for a salpingectomy because of a tubal ectopic pregnancy, and randomized them into two groups: transvaginal endoscopic surgery and laparoscopic approach. We recorded the estimated blood loss, time of anal exhaust, postoperative pain score, length of stay, and scar assessment scale associated with transvaginal endoscopic access (n = 18) (natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery) and laparoscopic salpingectomy (n = 20) (control group) for tubal ectopic pregnancy. The transvaginal salpingectomy was performed with a double-channel endoscope through a vaginal puncture. A single surgeon performed the surgical procedures in patients in both groups. Results: The group that underwent the transvaginal endoscopic procedure reported lesser pain at all postoperative visits than the group that underwent the laparoscopic approach. The duration of time for transvaginal endoscopic surgery was slightly longer than that for the laparoscopic approach. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the duration of operative time. The group that underwent transvaginal endoscopic surgery was more satisfied with the absence of an external scar than the group that underwent the laparoscopic procedure, which left a scar. The estimated blood loss, time of anal exhaust, and length of stay were the same in both groups. Conclusion: The safety and efficacy of transvaginal endoscopic salpingectomy for tubal ectopic pregnancy are equivalent to those of the laparoscopic procedure. Lesser postoperative pain and a more satisfactory cosmetic outcome were found with the transvaginal endoscopic procedure, making it the more preferred method and superior to the laparoscopic approach. PMID:24680148

Xu, Boqun; Liu, Yawen; Fan, Zhining

2014-01-01

14

Transvaginal ultrasound (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Transvaginal ultrasound is a method of imaging the genital tract in females. A hand held probe is inserted directly ... vaginal cavity to scan the pelvic structures, while ultrasound pictures are viewed on a monitor. The test ...

15

Assessment of fetal behavior using four-dimensional ultrasonography: current knowledge and perspectives.  

PubMed

In the last decades, the development of real-time ultrasonography has allowed the direct view of the fetus in the uterus, as well as assessing its activity. The advent of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D) at the end of the 80s initiated a new era in diagnostic imaging for Obstetrics, dramatically increasing the possibility of studying the fetus. Recently, a new technique allowing the 3D image to be transformed into real-time was introduced: the four-dimensional (4D) ultrasonography. It allows the continuous monitoring of fetal face and other surface areas, such as the extremities. Some studies have already assessed this new methodology for fetal behavior observation during different stages of pregnancy, trying to understand better the relationship between fetal central nervous system maturation and the implications for its behavior. In this article, the authors review the current use of 4D ultrasonography in the assessment of fetal behavior, and discuss the possibilities of the technique to show the neurological development of the fetus, by means of watching movement and facial expressions. They also highlight the potential applicability of this new method in this new research area of fetal medicine. PMID:24007875

Guimarães Filho, Hélio Antonio; Araujo Júnior, Edward; Mello Júnior, Carlos Fernando de; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes

2013-01-01

16

Assessment of rat articular cartilage maturation using 50MHz quantitative ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective The objective was to assess the relationship between maturation-related structural changes of articular cartilage and variations of acoustic parameters estimated using high frequency ultrasonography.Design Patellae taken from 48 immature Wistar male rats and divided into six age groups (from five to 11 weeks old) were explored in vitro using 50-MHz scanning acoustic microscopy, then assessed by histology for the

E. Chérin; B. Pellaumail; D. Loeuille; P. Laugier; P. Gillet; P. Netter; G. Berger

2001-01-01

17

Impaired endothelial function with essential hypertension assessed by ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the role of hypertension in endothelial function, changes in which are known to be an early event of atherosclerosis. We assessed endothelial function in 13 subjects with normal blood pressure and 13 subjects with essential hypertension who had never been treated for hypertension or hyperlipidemia and who had no history of smoking

Kaeko Iiyama; Masahiro Nagano; Yoshikage Yo; Noriko Nagano; Kei Kamide; Jitsuo Higaki; Hiroshi Mikami; Toshio Ogihara

1996-01-01

18

Assessment of pre-gastroscopy fasting period using ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Discomfort is frequent in patients undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy who are routinely recommended to abstain at least for 6 h from liquid or solid food prior to the procedure. We investigated the minimal period of time required for the stomach to clear fluids in order to define a safe minimal pre-endoscopy fasting period. Gastric emptying was sonographically assessed in 54 patients by measurement of the antrum surface area prior to, immediately after, and 30, 60, and 90 min after ingestion of 300 ml water and water containing 75 g glucose or apple juice. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed subsequently. Ingestion of water required 1 h for complete clearance. Three hundred milliliters glucose solution and apple juice were cleared more slowly, 90 min after drinking. Ingestion of water or glucose solution prior to esophagogastroduodenoscopy in patients without a history of gastric emptying dysfunction is safe when observing a 90 min latency period and might prevent discomfort. PMID:18716879

Spahn, Thomas Werner; Wessels, Anne; Grosse-Thie, Wolfram; Mueller, Michael Karl

2009-03-01

19

A Comparison of Conventional Ultrasonography and Arthrosonography in the Assessment of Cuff Integrity after Rotator Cuff Repair  

PubMed Central

Background This study was designed to perform conventional ultrasonography, magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) and arthrosonography exams after rotator cuff repair to compare the results of conventional ultrasonography and arthrosonography with those of MRA as the gold standard. Methods We prospectively studied 42 consecutive patients (14 males, 28 females; average age, 59.4 years) who received arthroscopic rotator cuff repair due to full-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon from 2008 to 2010. The integrity assessment of the repaired rotator cuff was performed 6 months postoperatively using conventional ultrasonography, MRA, and arthrosonography. Results The diagnostic accuracy of the conventional ultrasonography compared to MRA was 78.6% and the McNemar test results were 0.016 in full-thickness tear and 0.077 in partial-thickness tear. The diagnostic accuracy of arthrosonography compared to MRA was 92.9% and the McNemar test results were 0.998 in full-thickness tear and 0.875 in partial-thickness tear. Conclusions It was found that the integrity assessment of the repaired rotator cuff by ultrasonography must be guarded against and that arthrosonography is an effective alternative method in the postoperative integrity assessment. Also, an arthrosonography seems to be a suitable modality to replace the conventional ultrasonography. PMID:25177461

Lee, Kwang Won; Chun, Tong Jin; Bae, Kyoung Wan; Choy, Won Sik; Park, Hyeon Jong

2014-01-01

20

Nongynecologic Applications of Transvaginal Sonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transvaginal sonography has become an invaluable tech- nique for examining the uterus and adnexa, primarily because It provides better spatial resolution than transabdominal sonography does. This characteristic also makes it useful for evaluating the nongynecologic structures in the pelvis. As many of these structures are Imaged incidentally during gyne- cologic transvaginal sonography, familiarity with their normal and abnormal appearances is

Thomas S. Chang; Ellen B. Mendelson

21

Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in assessing deltoid ligament injury in supination external rotation fractures of the ankle.  

PubMed

The medial deltoid ligament is the primary stabilizing structure in the ankle joint following lateral malleolar fracture. However, medial deltoid ligament ruptures are difficult to diagnose using current imaging modalities. We hypothesized that ultrasonography can be used to accurately allow early clinical assessment of ankle fracture stability, thereby negating the need to perform plain film stress views of the acutely injured ankle. This prospective study included 12 patients (age range, 18-72) with supination external rotation fractures requiring operative fixation. Following induction of anesthesia, ultrasonography examination was performed, followed by an arthrogram under fluoroscopic screening. Radiographs, ultrasonography, and arthrographic findings were compared. There was 100% correlation between ultrasonography and arthrogram findings. Ultrasonography accurately diagnosed medial deltoid rupture with a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 100%. Plain film radiographs of the ankle had a sensitivity of 57.1% and a specificity of 60%. The difference between these was significant (?(2)=.0091). This study demonstrates diagnostic ultrasonography to be an accurate diagnostic modality in assessing medial deltoid ligament integrity in patients with supination external rotation fractures. It offers the same sensitivity and specificity as arthrography without the need for additional invasive procedures. Its relative ease of use and lack of ionizing radiation make it a potentially useful tool, particularly in a busy trauma service. PMID:21956059

Henari, Shwan; Banks, Louisa N; Radovanovic, Ingrid; Radiovanovic, Ingrid; Queally, Joseph; Morris, Seamus

2011-10-01

22

Transvaginal color flow imaging in the diagnosis of ovarian tumors.  

PubMed

Transvaginal ultrasonography and color flow imaging, performed to investigate whether there is any diagnostic advantage, were assessed over a 3 year period in 217 patients with adnexal masses prior to explorative laparotomy. Gray scale sonography and color Doppler flow were performed 1 day prior to surgery. Benign tumors were found in 165 patients and flow was detectable in 82 (49.7%); 14 patients had tumors of low malignant potential, 12 (85.7%) of whom showed detectable flow, and 38 had malignant tumors, in 25 (65.8%) of whom flow was detectable. Blood flow velocity was evaluated by the calculation of the resistance index prior to surgery. Mean resistive index was 0.39 +/- 0.05 for malignant tumors, compared with 0.49 +/- 0.06 and 0.55 +/- 0.07 for the low malignant potential and benign tumors, respectively. These differences were statistically significant (P < 0.01). When a resistive index of 0.47 was considered the cut-off value, the sensitivity was 88% and the specificity was calculated to be 85% (using color Doppler flow as the only diagnostic method). With our large cohort of patients, we demonstration the contribution of color Doppler flow examination in differentiating benign from malignant ovarian tumors prior to surgery. PMID:8544238

Tepper, R; Lerner-Geva, L; Altaras, M M; Goldberger, S; Ben-Baruch, G; Markov, S; Cohen, I; Beyth, Y

1995-10-01

23

Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in assessing therapeutic response in hepatocellular carcinoma treated with HIFU  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy and change of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography after HIFU, and decided on the best timing for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography to evaluate the response of hepatocellular carcinoma with HIFU.

Fukuda, Hiroyuki; Ohto, Masao; Ito, Ryu; Shinohara, Yasushi; Sakamoto, Akio; Karasawa, Eii; Zhu, Hui; Wang, Zhi-Biao

2009-04-01

24

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with Chemoembolization: Assessment with Contrast-Enhanced Doppler Ultrasonography  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To report our preliminary experience concerning the use of Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) techniques after intravenous injection of the galactose-based contrast agent Levovist in the assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). The sonographic findings are correlated with those obtained using iodized oil (Lipiodol) helical computed tomography (CT). Methods: For 7 months we studied 28 patients with cirrhosis and HCC (a total of 43 nodules) who had undergone TACE between 18 and 30 days previously. The lesions were investigated with color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) and power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS), before and after infusion of the echo-contrast agent (300 mg/ml, maximum 1 injection for each nodule, administered at constant velocity within 60-90 sec), and with helical Lipiodol-CT (0-7 days after DUS). In the retrospective analysis, special attention was given to the Doppler signals related to pulsatile intra- and perinodular flow and to the detection of new vessels after contrast agent injection. The signal intensity was graded as 0 (absent), 1 (low), 2 (medium), or 3 (high), while its distribution was classified as peripheral, central, or diffuse. Oily agent retention on CT scans was assessed as 0 (absent), I (<10%), II (<50%), III (>50%), or IV (homogeneous). These scores were awarded separately, without knowledge of the other judgments. Results: An hepatic global echo-enhancing effect was identified in all cases and always lasted long enough to allow an accurate analysis of all parenchymal lesions (at least 8 min). The signal scores could be evaluated in 39 of 43 HCCs, as follows: basal CDUS: grade 0 in 17 lesions, grade 1 in 16, grade 2 in 6; contrast-enhanced CDUS: grade 0 in 12 lesions, grade 1 in 10, grade 2 in 14, grade 3 in 3; basal PDUS: grade 0 in 15 lesions, grade 1 in 13, grade 2 in 9, grade 3 in 2; contrast-enhanced PDUS: grade 0 in 11 lesions, grade 1 in 9, grade 2 in 15, grade 3 in 6. Lipiodol-CT scoring was: grade 0 in 1 lesion, grade I in 7, grade II in 11, grade III in 9, grade IV in 11. In all but one nodule the difference between CDUS and PDUS scores, compared both with each other and with nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced examinations, was never greater than one grade. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced DUS is a simple and fast procedure allowing a valuable, constant echo-enhancing effect of sufficient duration. DUS techniques, especially contrast-enhanced PDUS, offer an effective and realistic analysis of HCC nodules treated with TACE and show more evident agreement with Lipiodol-CT findings than baseline studies.

Catalano, Orlando; Esposito, Maria; Lobianco, Roberto; Cusati, Bianca; Altei, Francesco; Siani, Alfredo [Department of Radiology, S. Maria delle Grazie Hospital, via Domitiana, Loc. La Schiana, Pozzuoli, I-80078 Naples (Italy)

1999-11-15

25

Assessment of embryo/fetus during pregnancy by threedimensional ultrasonography using the HD live software: iconographic essay  

PubMed Central

Fetal development is studied since the advent of two-dimensional ultrasonography. However, a detailed assessment of structures and surfaces improved with three-dimensional ultrasonography. Currently, it is possible to identify embryonic components and fetal parts with greater detail, at all pregnancy trimesters, using the HD live software, where the images gain realistic features by means of appropriate control of lighting and shadowing effects. In the present study, the authors utilized this resource to follow-up, by means of images, the development of a normal pregnancy along all trimesters. PMID:25798008

Araujo, Edward; Santana, Eduardo Félix Martins; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes

2015-01-01

26

[Pancreatic ultrasonography].  

PubMed

Despite the recent technological advances in imaging, abdominal ultrasonography continues to be the first diagnostic test indicated in patients with a suspicion of pancreatic disease, due to its safety, accessibility and low cost. It is an essential technique in the study of inflammatory processes, since it not only assesses changes in pancreatic parenchyma, but also gives an indication of the origin (bile or alcoholic). It is also essential in the detection and tracing of possible complications as well as being used as a guide in diagnostic and therapeutic punctures. It is also the first technique used in the study of pancreatic tumors, detecting them with a sensitivity of around 70% and a specificity of 90%. PMID:24950816

Fernández-Rodríguez, T; Segura-Grau, A; Rodríguez-Lorenzo, A; Segura-Cabral, J M

2015-04-01

27

Comparing Color Doppler Ultrasonography and Angiography to Assess Traumatic Arterial Injuries of the Extremities  

PubMed Central

Background: Traumatic events are one of the major causes of arterial injuries. Physical examination is not a good predictor of the extent of injuries and arteriography is considered as the gold standard for this purpose. In the recent years, noninvasive modalities are increasingly replacing diagnostic arteriography. Color Doppler ultrasonography (USG) is an excellent method to investigate arterial diseases. Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of color Doppler USG compared to conventional angiography in traumatic arterial injuries of extremities. Patients and Methods: Seventy-five patients with extremity trauma suspicious for arterial injury were examined by color Doppler USG just before angiography. Doppler pattern and flow states were assessed, then angiography was performed. The results of duplex USG were compared with angiography. Results: Color Doppler USG had a sensitivity of 95% and specificity of 98% in diagnosis of arterial injury. Positive and negative predictive values of Doppler USG were 92.5% and 94.2%, respectively. Conclusions: Color Doppler USG can be used as a reliable modality with acceptable sensitivity and specificity values to screen hemodynamically stable patients with limb trauma suspicious for arterial injury. PMID:25785180

Pezeshki Rad, Masoud; Mohammadifard, Mahyar; Ravari, Hassan; Farrokh, Donya; Ansaripour, Emad; Saremi, Elena

2015-01-01

28

Transvaginal Appendectomy: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a new approach that allows minimal invasive surgery through the mouth, anus, or vagina. Objective. To summarize the recent clinical appraisal, feasibility, complications, and limitations of transvaginal appendectomy for humans and outline the techniques. Data Sources. PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Google-Scholar, EBSCO, clinicaltrials.gov and congress abstracts, were searched. Study Selection. All related reports were included, irrespective of age, region, race, obesity, comorbidities or history of previous surgery. No restrictions were made in terms of language, country or journal. Main Outcome Measures. Patient selection criteria, surgical techniques, and results. Results. There were total 112 transvaginal appendectomies. All the selected patients had uncomplicated appendicitis and there were no morbidly obese patients. There was no standard surgical technique for transvaginal appendectomy. Mean operating time was 53.3 minutes (25–130 minutes). Conversion and complication rates were 3.6% and 8.2%, respectively. Mean length of hospital stay was 1.9 days. Limitations. There are a limited number of comparative studies and an absence of randomized studies. Conclusions. For now, nonmorbidly obese females with noncomplicated appendicitis can be a candidate for transvaginal appendectomy. It may decrease postoperative pain and enable the return to normal life and work off time. More comparative studies including subgroups are necessary. PMID:25614832

Yagci, Mehmet Ali; Kayaalp, Cuneyt

2014-01-01

29

Fetal ultrasonography.  

PubMed Central

Since its introduction in the 1950s, ultrasonography in pregnancy has been helpful in determining gestational age, detecting multiple pregnancies, locating placentas, diagnosing fetal anomalies, evaluating fetal well-being, and guiding obstetricians with in utero treatment. We review current standards and controversies regarding the indications, safety, accuracy, and limitations of ultrasonography in pregnancy. Images PMID:8236969

Garmel, S H; D'Alton, M E

1993-01-01

30

Lung ultrasonography for the assessment of rapid extravascular water variation: evidence from hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

Chest ultrasonography is a useful tool to assess extravascular lung water at bedside. In presence of interstitial-alveolar imbibition, vertical artifacts arising from the pleura are detected; these are called B-lines. Although a positive linear correlation between B-lines and extravascular lung water has been shown in symptomatic heart failure patients, the subclinical phase of pulmonary imbibition and the clearance of B-lines after rapid body fluid removal have been less investigated. The aim of this study was to assess if chest ultrasound could detect lung water imbibition and its variations induced by dialysis, an experimental model of controlled rapid fluid loss. Forty-one patients undergoing hemodialysis were studied. Total number of B-lines from ultrasound chest scanning and vena cava diameters were measured before and after treatment. Before dialysis, most of the patients presented ultrasound signs of pulmonary imbibition despite the absence of dyspnea; the number of B-lines was associated with the accumulated weight before treatment (p < 0.05) as well as with the residual weight after dialysis (p < 0.01); B-lines and end-inspiratory and end-expiratory vena cava diameters were also significantly reduced after dialysis. Moreover, B-lines reduction was significantly related to weight loss. Ultrasound performed at the bedside can detect lung water and intravascular overload and their reduction after dialysis in yet asymptomatic patients. These observations add further evidence regarding the use of lung ultrasound and inferior vena cava measurement in estimating volume overload and monitoring the response to therapy both in hemodialysis and congestive heart failure patients. PMID:21590437

Trezzi, Matteo; Torzillo, Daniela; Ceriani, Elisa; Costantino, Giorgio; Caruso, Sabrina; Damavandi, Parham Tabaee; Genderini, Augusto; Cicardi, Marco; Montano, Nicola; Cogliati, Chiara

2013-08-01

31

Using functional transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to assess language lateralisation: Influence of task and difficulty level.  

PubMed

Language is lateralised to the left hemisphere in most people, but it is unclear whether the same degree and direction of lateralisation is found for all verbal tasks and whether laterality is affected by task difficulty. We used functional transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (fTCD) to assess the lateralisation of language processing in 27 young adults using three tasks: word generation (WG), auditory naming (AN), and picture story (PS). WG and AN are active tasks requiring behavioural responses whereas PS is a passive task that involves listening to an auditory story accompanied by pictures. We also examined the effect of task difficulty by a post hoc behavioural categorisation of trials in the WG task and a word frequency manipulation in the AN task. fTCD was used to measure task-dependent blood flow velocity changes in the left and right middle cerebral arteries. All of these tasks were significantly left lateralised: WG, 77% of individuals left, 5% right; AN, 72% left: 4% right; PS, 56% left: 0% right. There were significant positive relationships between WG and AN (r=0.56) as well as AN and PS (r=.76) but not WG and PS (r = -0.22). The task difficulty manipulation affected accuracy in both WG and AN tasks, as well as reaction time in the AN task, but did not significantly influence laterality indices in either task. It is concluded that verbal tasks are not interchangeable when assessing cerebral lateralisation, but that differences between tasks are not a consequence of task difficulty. PMID:23098198

Badcock, Nicholas A; Nye, Abigail; Bishop, Dorothy V M

2012-01-01

32

Ovarian interstitial blood flow changes assessed by transvaginal colour Doppler sonography: predicting ovarian endometrioid cyst-induced injury to ovarian interstitial vessels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To evaluate the blood flow changes and their relationships to microvessel density (MVD) and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) by transvaginal\\u000a colour Doppler sonography (TV-CDS) in the ovarian interstitium to predict ovarian interstitial microvascular injury in the\\u000a pathological process of ovarian endometrial cysts (OEC).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  TV-CDS was preoperatively performed to detect blood flow changes in 60 patients with 76 ovarian endometrioid cysts, and flow

Jun-jun QiuYing-lei; Ying-lei Liu; Man-hua Liu; Li-ping Chen; Da-wei Xu; Zhong-xin Zhang; Qi-chang Yang; Hong-bing Liu

33

Use of abdominal ultrasonography to assess pediatric splenic trauma. Potential pitfalls in the diagnosis.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of abdominal ultrasonography (US) for screening and grading pediatric splenic injury. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: The use of abdominal US has increased rapidly as a method of evaluating organ damage after blunt abdominal trauma. Despite US's increasing use, little is known about its accuracy in children with splenic injury. METHODS: Children (N = 32) suffering blunt abdominal trauma who were diagnosed with splenic injury by computerized tomography (CT) scan prospectively were enlisted in this study. Degree of splenic injury was evaluated by both CT and US. The ultrasounds were evaluated by an initial reading as well as by a radiologist who was blinded as to the results of the CT. RESULTS: Twelve (38%) of the 32 splenic injuries found on CT were missed completely on the initial reading of the US. When the ultrasounds were graded in a blinded fashion, 10 (31%) of the splenic lacerations were missed and 17 (53%) were downgraded. Seven (22%) of the 32 splenic fractures were not associated with any free intraperitoneal fluid on the CT scan. CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that US has a low level of sensitivity (62% to 78%) in detecting splenic injury and downgrades the degree of injury in the majority of cases. Reliance on free intraperitoneal fluid may be inaccurate because not all patients with splenic injury have free intra-abdominal fluid. Based on these findings, US may be of limited use in the initial assessment, management, and follow-up of pediatric splenic trauma. Images Figure 2. Figure 3. PMID:9114800

Krupnick, A S; Teitelbaum, D H; Geiger, J D; Strouse, P J; Cox, C S; Blane, C E; Polley, T Z

1997-01-01

34

Assessment of TMJ Disorders Using Ultrasonography as a Diagnostic Tool: A Review  

PubMed Central

Temporomandibular disorders affect nearly 10-70% of population. Hence, a proper diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders using appropriate diagnostic aids is required. Thus, the purpose of this review was to check the use of ultrasonography as a diagnostic aid in the detection of TMJ disorders.A literature review was performed in Pub Med Central and Cochrane library using Mesh Terms – ‘ultrasonography’ and ‘TMJ disorders’. Out of the total 113 titles appeared, 38 were related to the research question. Further search criteria were applied to the articles, out of which 11 articles fulfilled the criteria and were selected for the review. Two articles which were hand searched were also included. Sensitivity of ultrasonography in detecting TMJ disorders in a majority of articles ranged from 41%-90% in disc displacement, when MRI was taken as the gold standard. In case of TMJ Effusion and Condylar effusion, sensitivities ranged from 20-80% and 83% respectively. It was also seen that sensitivity increased with increase in frequency of transducer. In the available literature, it was found that ultrasonography was an acceptable diagnostic tool for detection of disc displacement, condylar erosion and articular effusion. PMID:24551747

Kundu, Hansa; Basavaraj, P.; Kote, Sowmya; Singla, Ashish; Singh, Shilpi

2013-01-01

35

Ultrasonography in inflammatory rheumatic disease: an overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern ultrasonography enables clinicians to sensitively assess the progression of inflammatory joint and tendon disease, and to investigate vasculitides, connective tissue diseases and nerve lesions. Despite the advantages of musculoskeletal ultrasonography for diagnostic, prognostic and monitoring purposes, fewer than 10% of European rheumatologists use this technique in routine clinical practice. The reliability and limitations of rheumatic ultrasonography remain a concern,

Christina Duftner; Wolfgang A. Schmidt; Christian Dejaco; Michael Schirmer

2011-01-01

36

Ultrasonography (US) in the assessment of pediatric non traumatic gastrointestinal emergencies  

PubMed Central

Background Non traumatic gastrointestinal emergencies in the children and neonatal patient is a dilemma for the radiologist in the emergencies room and they presenting characteristics ultrasound features on the longitudinal and axial axis. The most frequent emergencies are : appendicitis, intussusceptions, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, volvulus due to intestinal malrotation. The aim of this article is to familiarize the reader with the US features. Methods A retrospective analysis of 200 ultrasound examinations performed in neonatal and children patients with fever, abdominal pain, leukocytosis, vomiting and diarrhea were evaluated. Results Of 200 exame 50 cases of intussusceptions, 100 cases of appendicitis, 20 cases associated with abscess;10 gangrenous appendicitis with absence a color Doppler , and 10 cases of perforated appendicitis at tomography computer integration and 10 cases of volvulus was found. Conclusions Ultrasonography (US) is therefore rapidly becoming an important imaging modality for the evaluation of acute abdominal pain, particularly in pediatric patients, where satisfactory examination is often not achievable for the attending clinicians. US provides excellent anatomic detail on the longitudinally and axial axis . PMID:23902696

2013-01-01

37

The WHO ultrasonography protocol for assessing morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium. Acceptance and evolution over 14 years. Systematic review.  

PubMed

In 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) published an ultrasound field protocol for assessing morbidity due to schistosomiasis. The present study aims to review the acceptance of the WHO protocol for Schistosoma haematobium. A PubMed literature research using the keywords "ultrasound OR ultrasonography (US) AND schistosomiasis," "US AND S. haematobium," "US AND urinary schistosomiasis" from 2001 through 2014 was performed. Thirty-eight eligible publications reporting on 17,861 patients from 13 endemic and 2 non-endemic countries were analysed. Of these, 33 referred to field studies on 17,317 patients. The Niamey protocol was applied to 15,367/17,317 (88.74 %) patients in 23/33 (69.70 %) of field studies (all studies: 15,649/17,861 [87.61 %] patients (25/38 [68.42 %] studies). The acceptance of the protocol by single country in field studies varied from 0 to 100 %. It varied over time between 55.56 % (5/9) in the period from 2001 to 2004, to 87.50 % (7/8) from 2005 to 2008, to 62.50 % (5/8) from 2009 to 2011 and 75.00 % (6/8) from 2012 through 2014 (all studies: 50 % [5/10], 88.89 % [8/9], 62.50 % [5/8], 63.64 % [7/11], respectively). The Niamey protocol was applied also in 2/5 hospital studies in 282/544 (51.84 %) patients.The usefulness of the WHO protocol for S. haematobium infections is confirmed by its worldwide acceptance. Some simplifications might facilitate its use also for focused ultrasound examinations performed by less skilled examiners. Organ abnormalities due to schistosomiasis detectable by ultrasonography not yet covered by the WHO protocol should be added to the additional investigations section. PMID:25711148

Akpata, Robert; Neumayr, Andreas; Holtfreter, Martha C; Krantz, Ingela; Singh, Daman D; Mota, Rodrigo; Walter, Susanne; Hatz, Christoph; Richter, Joachim

2015-04-01

38

Understanding EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasonography)  

MedlinePLUS

Understanding EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasonography) You've been referred to have an endoscopic ultrasonography, or EUS, which will help your doctor, evaluate or treat your condition. What is EUS? Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) allows your doctor to examine your esophageal ...

39

New technique for assessing fetal heart growth using three-dimensional ultrasonography: description of the technique and reference curves.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: To describe a new technique for assessing fetal growth using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) using the extended imaging virtual organ computer-aided analysis (XI VOCAL) software and its respective reference curves. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 303 normal singleton pregnancies between their 20th and 34th weeks. To assess fetal heart growth, we used the XI VOCAL software with 10 planes in which the reference lines (beginning and end) were placed at the cardiac apex, the output level of the vessels and the base above the diaphragm, respectively. To assess the correlation between distance and interval, polynomial regressions were performed with adjustments using the coefficient of determination (R(2)). To assess the inter-observer reproducibility, we used the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The mean distance between the apex and the base of the fetal heart ranged from 14.41?±?1.24?mm to 26.24?±?2.62?mm between the 20th and 34th weeks, respectively. The mean interval between the apex and the base of the fetal heart ranged from 1.56?±?0.13?mm and 2.94?±?0.30?mm between the 20th and 34th weeks, respectively. We observed good correlation of distance and interval with the gestational age, with R(2)?=?0.73 and 0.74, respectively. We observed a good inter-observer to the interval and distance with ICC?=?0.983 and 0.996, respectively. Conclusion: We described a new technique for assessing fetal heart growth using 3DUS and determined reference curves for the distance and interval between the 20th and 34th weeks of pregnancy. PMID:25005859

Barreto, Enoch Quinderé de Sá; Araujo Júnior, Edward; Martins, Wellington P; Rolo, Liliam Cristine; Milani, Hérbene José Figuinha; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes

2014-07-28

40

Comparison between muscle activation measured by electromyography and muscle thickness measured using ultrasonography for effective muscle assessment.  

PubMed

In this study, we aimed to compare the intrarater reliability and validity of muscle thickness measured using ultrasonography (US) and muscle activity via electromyography (EMG) during manual muscle testing (MMT) of the external oblique (EO) and lumbar multifidus (MF) muscles. The study subjects were 30 healthy individuals who underwent MMT at different grades. EMG was used to measure the muscle activity in terms of ratio to maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and root mean square (RMS) metrics. US was used to measure the raw muscle thickness, the ratio of muscle thickness at MVC, and the ratio of muscle thickness at rest. One examiner performed measurements on each subject in 3 trials. The intrarater reliabilities of the % MVC RMS and raw RMS metrics for EMG and the % MVC thickness metrics for US were excellent (ICC=0.81-0.98). There was a significant difference between all the grades measured using the % MVC thickness metric (p<0.01). Further, this % MVC thickness metric of US showed a significantly higher correlation with the EMG measurement methods than with the others (r=0.51-0.61). Our findings suggest that the % MVC thickness determined by US was the most sensitive of all methods for assessing the MMT grade. PMID:25088820

Kim, Chang-Yong; Choi, Jong-Duk; Kim, Suhn-Yeop; Oh, Duck-Won; Kim, Jin-Kyung; Park, Ji-Whan

2014-10-01

41

The WHO ultrasonography protocol for assessing hepatic morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni. Acceptance and evolution over 12 years.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to review the worldwide acceptance of the World Health Organization (WHO) ultrasound protocol for assessing hepatosplenic morbidity due to Schistosoma mansoni since its publication in 2000. A PubMed literature research using the keywords "schistosomiasis and ultrasound," "schistosomiasis and ultrasonography," and "S. mansoni and ultrasound" from 2001 to 2012 was performed. Case reports, reviews, reports on abnormalities due to parasites other than S. mansoni, organ involvement other than the human liver, and reports where ultrasound method was not described were excluded. Six studies were retrieved from other Brazilian sources. Sixty studies on 37,424 patients from 15 countries were analyzed. The WHO protocol was applied with increasing frequency from 43.75% in the years 2001 to 2004 to 84.61% in 2009 to 2012. Results obtained using the pictorial image pattern approach of the protocol are reported in 38/41 studies, whereas measurements of portal branch walls were applied in 19/41 and results reported in 2/41 studies only. The practical usefulness of the pictorial approach of the WHO protocol is confirmed by its wide acceptance. This approach alone proved satisfactory in terms of reproducibility, assessment of evolution of pathology, and comparability between different settings. The measurements of portal branches, also part of the protocol, may be omitted without losing relevant information since results obtained by these measurements are nonspecific. This would save resources by reducing the time required for each examination. It is also more feasible for examiners who are not specialized in medical imaging. As with all protocols, incipient liver fibrosis is difficult to distinguish from normal ultrasound findings of the liver. The ability of this protocol to predict complications in severe cases should be further evaluated in a higher number of patients. PMID:25260691

el Scheich, Tarik; Holtfreter, Martha C; Ekamp, Hendrik; Singh, Daman D; Mota, Rodrigo; Hatz, Christoph; Richter, Joachim

2014-11-01

42

Transvaginal Appendectomy in Morbidly Obese Patient  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Laparoscopic appendectomy has significant benefits in obese patients. However, morbid obesity can be accepted as an exclusion criterion for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Here, we present a transvaginal appendectomy in a 66-year-old morbidly obese (BMI 36 kg/m2, ASA III) patient. Case and Technique. Acute appendicitis was suspected based on history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and ultrasound findings. During laparoscopic surgery, a 5?mm trocar was inserted through the umbilicus and a 5?mm telescope was placed. A 12?mm trocar and a 5?mm grasper were inserted separately through the posterior fornix of the vagina under laparoscopic guidance. The appendix was divided with an endoscopic stapler through the transvaginal 12?mm trocar and removed from the same trocar. The operating time was 75 minutes with minimal blood loss (<10?mL). The patient was discharged 16 hours after surgery uneventfully and she did not require any analgesic administration. Conclusion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first clinical case that focuses on the transvaginal appendectomy at morbid obesity. We can say that morbid obesity does not constitute an obstacle for treatment of acute appendicitis by transvaginal endoscopic surgery. PMID:25506028

Ates, Mustafa

2014-01-01

43

Assessment of renal volume by three-dimensional ultrasonography in pregnant bitches: an experimental study using virtual organ computer-aided analysis  

PubMed Central

Background To assess and to compare the renal volume evolution in bitches during pregnancy by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography using the ellipsoid technique (volume?=?length x width x depth x 0.523) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography using the Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL) method. A longitudinal prospective study was performed with 17 normal Golden Retrievers bitches during pregnancy from heat to the last third of gestation. The ultrasound scans were performed by two veterinarians. The left and right kidneys were assessed in three moments (day 0?=?non-pregnant bitches; days 1st to 20th of pregnancy and days 21st to 40th of pregnancy) by three techniques (ellipsoid; VOCAL 12° and VOCAL 30°). For reproducibility calculations, we used the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results The inferential result of the volumes in ANOVA revealed the interaction effect between side and moment (p?=?0.009). The 3D techniques showed, in average, the same renal volumes (p?=?0.137) regardless of the side and moment. Considering the right side, the renal volume in the day 0 was smaller than the day 21st to 40th (p?=?0.029). Considering the left side, the renal volume at day 0 was smaller than the day 1st to 20th (p?=?0.020) and day 21st to 40th (p?=?0.007). It was found good intra observer reproducibility (ICC?>?0.9) and none of the three techniques showed a good inter observer reproducibility (ICC?ultrasonography using the VOCAL method (12° and 30°) had good correlation with the volume obtained by 2D ultrasonography method. PMID:22748096

2012-01-01

44

Assessment of Molecular Imaging of Angiogenesis with Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Molecular imaging (MI) with ultrasound relies on microbubble contrast agents (MCAs) adhering to a ligand-specific target for applications such as characterizing tumor angiogenesis. It is projected that ultrasonic (US) MI can provide information about tumor therapeutic response before the detection of phenotypic changes. One of the limitations of preclinical US MI is that it lacks a comprehensive field-of-view. We attempt to improve targeted MCA visualization and quantification by performing 3-D MI of tumors expressing ?v?3. Volumetric acquisitions were obtained with a Siemens Sequoia system in CPS mode by mechanically stepping the transducer elevationally across the tumor in 800 micron increments. MI was performed on rat fibrosarcoma tumors (n=8) of similar sizes using MCAs conjugated with a cyclic RGD peptide targeted to ?v?3. US MI and immunohistochemical analyses show high microbubble targeting variability, suggesting that individual 2-D acquisitions risk misrepresenting more complex heterogeneous tissues. In 2-D serial studies, where it may be challenging to image the same plane repeatedly, misalignments as small as 800 microns can introduce substantial error. 3-D MI, including volumetric analysis of inter- and intra-animal targeting, provides a thorough way of characterizing angiogenesis and will be a more robust assessment technique for the future of MI. PMID:22201537

Streeter, Jason E.; Gessner, Ryan C.; Tsuruta, James; Feingold, Steven; Dayton, Paul A.

2013-01-01

45

Comparison of ultrasonography with Doppler and MRI for assessment of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background In juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), the trend towards early therapeutic intervention and the development of new highly effective treatments have increased the need for sensitive and specific imaging. Numerous studies have demonstrated the important role of MRI and US in adult rheumatology. However, investigations of imaging in JIA are rare, and no previous study has been comparing MRI with Doppler ultrasonography (US) for assessment of arthritis. The aim of the present study was to compare the two imaging methods regarding their usefulness for evaluating disease activity in JIA, and to compare the results with those obtained in healthy controls. Methods In 10 JIA patients (median age 14 years, range 11–18), 11 joints (six wrists, three knees, two ankles) with arthritis were assessed by color Doppler US and MRI. The same imaging modalities were used to evaluate eight joints (three wrists, three knees, two ankles) in six healthy age- and sex-matched controls. The US examinations of both the patients and controls were compared with the MRI findings. Results In 10 JIA patients, US detected synovial hypertrophy in 22 areas of 11 joints, 86% of which had synovial hyperemia, and MRI revealed synovitis in 36 areas of the same 11 joints. Erosions were identified by US in two areas of two joints and by MRI in six areas of four joints. Effusion was shown by US in nine areas of six joints and by MRI in 17 areas of five joints. MRI detected juxta-articular bone marrow edema in 16 areas of eight joints. Conclusions The results of this pilot study indicate that both MRI and US provide valuable imaging information on disease activity in JIA. Importantly, the two techniques seem to complement each other and give partly different information. Although MRI is considered to be the reference standard for advanced imaging in adult rheumatology, US seems to provide useful imaging information that could make it an option in daily clinical practice, in JIA as well as in adult rheumatology. However, the current work represents a pilot study, and thus our results need to be confirmed in a larger prospective clinical investigation. PMID:22897976

2012-01-01

46

Bovine ultrasound-guided transvaginal amniocentesis.  

PubMed

Recent interest and research activities in ultrasound-guided transvaginal amniocentesis have contributed greatly to the development of a reliable technique, particularly with respect to a reduction in fetal loss after the puncture procedure. Several investigators have reported a variety of techniques for the collection of bovine fetal fluids at different stages of pregnancy; however, thus far, a high incidence of fetal loss has occurred as a consequence of the aspiration procedure. This manuscript describes the technical aspects of a safe and reliable ultrasound-guided transvaginal method of amniotic fluid collection from heifers (n = 93) with Day 79 to 90 bovine conceptuses using a very fine aspiration needle. Using this approach, collection of amniotic fluid samples was successful in 88 out of 93 (94.6 %) attempts, and no complications or pregnancy losses were recorded as a consequence of the procedure. The results reported here suggest that the incidence of spontaneous fetal loss associated with this transvaginal amniocentesis procedure is very satisfactory and could be the method of choice for the collection of fetal fluids in embryo transfer programs. PMID:16728050

Garcia, A; Salaheddine, M

1997-04-01

47

Short-term outcome after transvaginal mesh repair of pelvic organ prolapse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to report on short-term outcomes after pelvic organ prolapse repair using Prolift® transvaginal\\u000a mesh. A 3-year multicenter prospective cohort study was performed in 28 centers. Assessment preoperatively and at 2 months\\u000a postoperatively included the condition-specific pelvic organ prolapse quantification system (POP-Q) and a macroscopic inflammatory\\u000a scale. Subjective outcome was measured using the urogenital distress inventory

Daniel Altman; Tapio Väyrynen; Marie Ellström Engh; Susanne Axelsen; Christian Falconer

2008-01-01

48

Sexual function in women before and after transvaginal mesh repair for pelvic organ prolapse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess sexual function in women before and after surgery with transvaginal mesh for pelvic organ\\u000a prolapse. Women were invited to complete a sexual function questionnaire including the Lemack and the Pelvic Organ Prolapse\\u000a Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaires (PISQ-12) before undergoing surgery and 1 year after surgery. Eighty-three complete\\u000a pre and postoperative questionnaires were analyzed.

Loïc Sentilhes; Aurélien Berthier; Fabrice Sergent; Eric Verspyck; Philippe Descamps; Loïc Marpeau

2008-01-01

49

Transvaginal ultrasound appearance of the ovary in infertile women with oligomenorrhea: association with clinical and endocrine profiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to assess the morphological findings of the ovary based on transvaginal ultrasound in infertile oligomenorrheic women and their predictivity for endocrine signs of polycystic ovary syndrome Design: prospective controlled trial Setting: Kasr El-Aini Hospital Participants: Fifty women were recruited and divided into two groups: Group I: 30 patients suffering from primary or secondary infertility with oligomenorrhea. Group II: 20

Ahmed Aboul Nasr; Hesham Hamzah; Zakaria Abou El Maaty; Hesham Gaber; Omniah Azzam

2004-01-01

50

Update on the lower extremity venous ultrasonography examination.  

PubMed

Lower extremity venous ultrasonography is an accurate method to diagnose acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Recurrent DVT is often difficult diagnosis. The decision to order ultrasonography can be based on pretest risk assessment. If the ultrasonography study is negative, the report may recommend follow-up for patients whose clinical condition changes or for patients with specific risks. Lower extremity venous ultrasonography is the gold standard for diagnosis of DVT. It is accurate and objective, and because the clinical assessment of patients is limited and its potential complication, pulmonary embolism, is significant, the impact of a positive and negative test is high. PMID:25444111

Needleman, Laurence

2014-11-01

51

Laparoendoscopic single-site and transvaginal nephrectomy.  

PubMed

Significant energy has been applied to development of minimally-invasive techniques in surgery to decrease morbidity, improve cosmesis, and hasten postoperative convalescence without compromising surgical outcomes. The evolution of laparoscopy has revolutionized simple, radical and donor nephrectomy in appropriately selected patients, exchanging large flank and abdominal incisions for small "keyhole" incisions. Surgeons continue to pursue innovative approaches to minimize the morbidity of procedures. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) eliminates entirely the need for abdominal incisions, while laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery permits placement of multiple instruments through a single incision. Together, they represent two novel approaches developed within the last decade that have been successfully applied to nephrectomy in both the laboratory and clinical settings. Here, the transvaginal and LESS approaches to nephrectomy are reviewed. PMID:21623334

Candace, F G; Gettman, M T

2011-06-01

52

Suitability of epididymal and testicular ultrasonography and computerized image analysis for assessment of current and future semen quality in the ram.  

PubMed

Breeding soundness evaluation (BSE) is the primary assessment for determining the reproductive potential of male animals. This method, however, cannot be used to evaluate semen frequently or to predict future semen quality. Computerized analysis of ultrasonographic images provides information on histophysiological changes in male reproductive organs. We hypothesized that: (i) semen parameters would correlate with ultrasonographic characteristics of the distal region (cauda) of the epididymis and (ii) testicular ultrasound images and/or circulating testosterone concentration would predict future semen quality in the ram. Six adult rams underwent BSE and scrotal ultrasonography approximately 60 d apart (average duration of the spermatogenic cycle) both during the breeding (December and February) and non-breeding (June and August) seasons. An inverse correlation was found between pixel intensity (numerical pixel values) of the epididymes and percentage of sperm in semen with normal morphology (r = -0.46, P < 0.05). Pixel heterogeneity (standard deviation of pixel values) correlated negatively with percentage of sperm with normal morphology (r = -0.42, P < 0.05) and directly with percentage of spermatozoa with abnormal tails (r = 0.43, P < 0.05). Pixel heterogeneity of testicular parenchyma obtained approximately 60 d prior to semen evaluation inversely correlated with percentage of sperm with normal morphology (r = -0.73, P < 0.01) and sperm progressive motility (r = -0.76, P < 0.01), and directly with percentage of sperm with abnormal tails (r = 0.72, P < 0.01) and loose heads (r = 0.79, P < 0.01). We concluded that scrotal ultrasonography combined with computer-assisted analyses of epididymal and testicular echotexture in the ram was a valuable method for determining certain current and future semen parameters, respectively. PMID:22302707

Ahmadi, Bahareh; Lau, Cathy Pik-Shan; Giffin, Jennifer; Santos, Natalia; Hahnel, Ann; Raeside, James; Christie, Heather; Bartlewski, Pawel

2012-02-01

53

Transvaginal sonographic technique: targeted organ scanning without resorting to "planes".  

PubMed

The orientation of the sonographer performing a transvaginal scan is currently based on a concept of anatomical planes, which is customary in transabdominal sonography. We challenge this concept and propose a different approach altogether based on focusing on target organs rather than anatomic planes. The problem of orientation in transvaginal sonography stems from the following: (1) There is a very short distance between the relatively high-frequency transvaginal transducer-probe and the scanned area; a close-up image is generated encompassing a single organ or only part of it. (2) The scanning angle is initially perpendicular to that of abdominal sonography. (3) Transvaginal sonography is an endocavitary dynamic scanning technique. According to the experience in our department (30,000 examinations during the past 4 years) and in two other medical centers, best results from the transvaginal ultrasonographic examination are achieved when the operator searches for every specific organ as the main target, without resorting to pelvic "planes." The guidelines for targeted organ scanning and the associated change in orientation are reported together with the limitations. Targeted organ scanning without resorting to "planes" helps the operator to resolve the problem of orientation during the transvaginal ultrasonographic examination, and to simplify the procedure to a great extent. PMID:2160991

Rottem, S; Thaler, I; Goldstein, S R; Timor-Tritsch, I E; Brandes, J M

1990-05-01

54

Peritoneal Closure vs. Non-Closure: Estimation of Pelvic Fluid by Transvaginal Ultrasonography after Abdominal Hysterectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the volume of pelvic fluid and febrile morbidity after hysterectomy in which the peritoneum was or was not closed. Design: Prospective single-center study. Participants: Fifty-four women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy were enrolled in the study. Patients were randomized into two groups according to peritoneal closure: group I (n = 28) in which the peritoneum was closed, and group

Hesham Al-Inany

2004-01-01

55

Transvaginal excision of a retrorectal tumor presenting as rectocele.  

PubMed

Tumors occupying the retrorectal (presacral) space are uncommon and heterogeneous. It is estimated that an average of two patients with retrorectal tumors will be diagnosed per year in a standard metropolitan area. They are usually asymptomatic and diagnosed during routine physical examination incidentally. Our case was admitted with complaints of a swelling in her vagina, constipation, and difficulty in emptying her bowels. The diagnosis and treatment utilizing transvaginal approach in this case is discussed in comparison with the literature. Up to our knowledge, this is the first case presenting as rectocele and second case of retrorectal tumor surgically treated using transvaginal approach. PMID:18504515

Aslan, Erdogan

2008-12-01

56

Associations between low back pain, urinary incontinence, and abdominal muscle recruitment as assessed via ultrasonography in the elderly  

PubMed Central

Background: Low back pain (LBP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are highly prevalent among elderly individuals. In young adults, changes in trunk muscle recruitment, as assessed via ultrasound imaging, may be associated with lumbar spine stability. Objective: To assess the associations between LBP, UI, and the pattern of transversus abdominis (TrA), internal (IO), and external oblique (EO) muscle recruitment in the elderly as evaluated by ultrasound imaging. Method: Fifty-four elderly individuals (mean age: 72±5.2 years) who complained of LBP and/or UI as assessed by the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, and ultrasound imaging were included in the study. The statistical analysis comprised a multiple linear regression model, and a p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The regression models for the TrA, IO, and EO muscle thickness levels explained 2.0% (R2=0.02; F=0.47; p=0.628), 10.6% (R2=0.106; F=3.03; p=0.057), and 10.1% (R2=0.101; F=2.70; p=0.077) of the variability, respectively. None of the regression models developed for the abdominal muscles exhibited statistical significance. A significant and negative association (p=0.018; ?=-0.0343) was observed only between UI and IO recruitment. Conclusion: These results suggest that age-related factors may have interfered with the findings of the study, thus emphasizing the need to perform ultrasound imaging-based studies to measure abdominal muscle recruitment in the elderly. PMID:25714438

Figueiredo, Vânia F.; Amorim, Juleimar S. C.; Pereira, Aline M.; Ferreira, Paulo H.; Pereira, Leani S. M.

2015-01-01

57

Renal Relevant Radiology: Use of Ultrasonography in Patients with AKI  

PubMed Central

Summary As judged by the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria, renal Doppler ultrasonography is the most appropriate imaging test in the evaluation of AKI and has the highest level of recommendation. Unfortunately, nephrologists are rarely specifically trained in ultrasonography technique and interpretation, and important clinical information obtained from renal ultrasonography may not be appreciated. In this review, the strengths and limitations of grayscale ultrasonography in the evaluation of patients with AKI will be discussed with attention to its use for (1) assessment of intrinsic causes of AKI, (2) distinguishing acute from chronic kidney diseases, and (3) detection of obstruction. The use of Doppler imaging and the resistive index in patients with AKI will be reviewed with attention to its use for (1) predicting the development of AKI, (2) predicting the prognosis of AKI, and (3) distinguishing prerenal azotemia from intrinsic AKI. Finally, pediatric considerations in the use of ultrasonography in AKI will be reviewed. PMID:24235286

Patel, Nayana U.; Lockhart, Mark E.; Cadnapaphornchai, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

58

Ultrasonography of scrotal trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrasound has emerged as the diagnostic imaging modality of choice in the evaluation of patients with scrotal trauma. Most\\u000a studies of testicular rupture show great accuracy with virtually no instances of false-positive or false-negative diagnoses.\\u000a Ultrasonography is capable of differentiating between scrotal hematoma, extratesticular fluid collections, posttraumatic torsion\\u000a testis, posttraumatic epididymitis, epididymal hematoma, as well as testicular rupture. The differentiation

Richard M. Schaffer

1985-01-01

59

Exercise induced muscle damage and recovery assessed by means of linear and non-linear sEMG analysis and ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was aimed at investigating the time-course and recovery from eccentric (EC) exercise induced muscle damage by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), ultrasonography (US), and blood enzymes. Five subjects (EC Group) performed two bouts of 35 EC maximum contractions with the biceps brachii of their non dominant arm, five subjects were tested without performing EC (Control Group: CNT). The

P. Sbriccoli; F. Felici; A. Rosponi; A. Aliotta; V. Castellano; C. Mazzà; M. Bernardi; M. Marchetti

2001-01-01

60

Ultrasonography evaluation of pelvic masses.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of pelvic masses. Ultrasonography has the advantage of being inexpensive, widely available, and offering superior tissue characterization compared with computed tomography. The real-time imaging ability of ultrasonography and three-dimensional ultrasonography also has the advantage of being able to identify the organ of origin of the pelvic mass. Many pelvic masses have characteristic sonographic appearances that allow confident diagnosis and management. This article reviews the sonographic appearances and management of common pelvic masses encountered in nonpregnant women, and is organized based on anatomic location: uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. PMID:25444103

Chu, Linda C; Coquia, Stephanie F; Hamper, Ulrike M

2014-11-01

61

Transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of benign ovarian cysts.  

PubMed

In our study, we evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy of transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of benign ovarian cysts in selected patients. A total of 46 women with benign ovarian cysts were referred to our outpatient clinic. The aspirated fluid was collected and sent for cytological analysis. All women were re-evaluated at 1, 3 and 6 months after the procedure. The cytological analysis was negative for malignancy in all cases. Our study showed an overall recurrence rate for ovarian cysts of 39.1%. Women with endometriotic ovarian cysts have an increased incidence of recurrence, 62.5% (n = 5), in comparison with serous cysts, 35.2% (n = 12) and serous-haemorrhagic cysts, 15% (n = 1), ?(2) = 9.913, df = 2, p = 0.007. The results of our study reveal that transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of benign ovarian cysts is a simple, safe and effective procedure. PMID:24483623

Nikolaou, M; Adonakis, G; Zyli, P; Androutsopoulos, G; Saltamavros, A; Psachoulia, C; Tsapanos, V; Decavalas, G

2014-05-01

62

[Ultrasound-guided transvaginal puncture of ovarian cysts].  

PubMed

Ultrasound-guided transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts offers a simple outpatient strategy for immediate pain relief and effective treatment but bears the risk of an iatrogenic spread of malignant cells. This study evaluated the cellular composition of the cyst fluids in a group of 26 sterility patients, in all of whom one or more ovarian cysts had been diagnosed and punctured. None of the patients had complications or evidence of malignant cells on cytological examination after the puncture. Only in one case dyskariotic cells were diagnosed causing an operative exploration that revealed a benign tumour. In 9 patients the ovarian cysts recurred and therefore 2 patients finally underwent an exploratory operation. In our opinion transvaginal ultrasound aspiration of functional cysts is an easy and safe procedure and may be undertaken in sterility patients in the context of specific criteria. PMID:9281256

Brunner, M; Krampl, E; Feichtinger, W

1997-01-01

63

Vaginal vault prolapse following cystectomy: transvaginal reconstruction by mesh interposition.  

PubMed

The present study aims to introduce a transvaginal interposition of polypropylene mesh as a reproducible procedure for women with vaginal vault prolapse following cystectomy due to bladder carcinoma. No recurrent prolapse occurred in two cases 16 and 4 months after the operation. With apical fixation of the mesh, vaginal length can be maintained. No perioperative complications appeared. Performing the technique in a reproducible way seems feasible irrespective of differing anatomical conditions. PMID:22955251

Graefe, Flora; Beilecke, Kathrin; Tunn, Ralf

2013-08-01

64

Value of ultrasonography for detecting chronic injury of the lateral ligaments of the ankle joint compared with ultrasonography findings  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of chronic lateral ankle ligament injury. Methods: A total of 120 ankles in 120 patients with a clinical suspicion of chronic ankle ligament injury were examined by ultrasonography by using a 5- to 17-MHz linear array transducer before surgery. The results of ultrasonography were compared with the operative findings. Results: There were 18 sprains and 24 partial and 52 complete tears of the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL); 26 sprains, 27 partial and 12 complete tears of the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL); and 1 complete tear of the posterior talofibular ligament (PTFL) at arthroscopy and operation. Compared with operative findings, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of ultrasonography were 98.9%, 96.2% and 84.2%, respectively, for injury of the ATFL and 93.8%, 90.9% and 83.3%, respectively, for injury of the CFL. The PTFL tear was identified by ultrasonography. The accuracy of identification between acute-on-chronic and subacute–chronic patients did not differ. The accuracies of diagnosing three grades of ATFL injuries were almost the same as those of diagnosing CFL injuries. Conclusion: Ultrasonography provides useful information for the evaluation of patients presenting with chronic pain after ankle sprain. Advances in knowledge: Intraoperative findings are the reference standard. We demonstrated that ultrasonography was highly sensitive and specific in detecting chronic lateral ligments injury of the ankle joint. PMID:24352708

Cheng, Y; Cai, Y

2014-01-01

65

Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts: our experience over 121 cases.  

PubMed

We performed an evaluation of ultrasound-guided transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts as a viable alternative to surgery in 104 reproductive and 17 postmenopausal women. One-hundred and twenty-one patients with a simple >4 cm diameter ovarian cyst, with a benign appearance on ultrasound as well as on clinical and blood examination, underwent transvaginal fine needle aspiration of the cyst under ultrasonographic control. One-hundred and four patients were of reproductive age and 12 were postmenopausal. Sixty women who were of reproductive age and in which OCP treatment was not contraindicated followed a six-month therapy with oral contraceptives after the intervention. In the group of patients of reproductive age under OCP treatment the cyst persisted in nine of the 60 women (recurrence rate 15%). In the other group of patients of reproductive age,under no OCP treatment, the recurrence rate was 47% (21 of the 44 women). In the group of postmenopausal patients, the cyst persisted in ten out of 17 cases (recurrence rate 58,9%). Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts is a reliable alternative to surgery with many advantages such as excellent tolerance, low risk and cost of complications and recurrence. The OCP treatment after aspiration seems to increase the success rate of expectant management. PMID:21082900

Koutlaki, Nikoleta; Nikas, Ioannis; Dimitraki, Marina; Grapsas, Xenofon; Psillaki, Afrodite; Mandratzi, Jeyaver; Liberis, Anastasios; Liberis, Vasilios

2011-05-01

66

[Translabial ultrasonography in pelvic floor prolapse and urinary incontinence diagnostics].  

PubMed

Technological advances in the construction of sonographic devices and increasingly universal access to such tests considerably widens the range of diagnostic application of the sonographic examination. This situation also refers to pelvic organs prolapse. At present, sonographic sets used in everyday obstetrical-gynecological practice allow for insight into the structures forming the female pelvic floor, and the obtained images constitute a valuable addition to the physical examination. Positioning the sonographic transducer on a the perineum enables to visualize the three compartments of the female pelvis minor. After freezing the image, it is possible to assess the position of anatomical structures in relation to bones and designated surfaces, establish mutual distances and measure appropriate angles. Most information can be obtained in this manner within the range of the frontal compartment, whose damage is often linked with urinary incontinence. The examination standards developed so far, including the analysis of the quantitative parameters, greatly minimize the potential subjectivity of the assessment of the existing disorders. Apart from its low costs, the main value of the sonographic examination of the pelvic floor is the possibility to dynamically assess the changes in statics which take place during functional testing. Not only does it have a cognitive significance, but also it allows to adjust the scope of the surgical correction to the existing damages. Thus, indirectly it can contribute to the reduction of a number of subsequent remedial surgeries. Three-dimensional sonography allows to thoroughly examine the construction and functioning of the anal levators and to detect their possible damage. It is the trauma to these muscles--occurring, among others, during childbirth--that is one of the major causes of pelvic organs descent and prolapse in women. Sonographic examination also enables to visualize the artificial material, the use of which is increasingly frequent in the surgical treatment of pelvic organs prolapse. The remedial kits currently in use are not visible in classic X-ray examinations and CT however, they can be easily visualized by means of a sonographic test. This way it is possible to locate the positioned tapes or meshes and to establish their orientation towards the urethra, the bladder and the anus. It is also possible to observe the complications (e.g. hematomas) following the surgical procedures via the transvaginal access. Transperineal sonography is a relatively inexpensive method that may be performed in almost every ultrasonographic laboratory Its value, approaching the MRI diagnostic value in the assessment of the pelvic floor defects and its low cost, place ultrasonography on the first place among the methods of imaging the pelvic and uro-genital diaphragm. The results of diagnostics of pelvic organs prolapse obtained by placing the sonographic head on the patient's perineum may also help in establishing the changes of the support apparatus for the uterus and the vagina, bladder urethra and perineum during functional testing and, thus, to verify the clinically established degree of the prolapse. It seems, also, that this method may be used during peri-urethral injections of specific substances and post-application follow-up, an increasingly frequently employed method of urinary incontinence treatment. PMID:23342899

Pietrus, Mi?osz; Pity?ski, Kazimierz; Ba?ajewicz-Nowak, Marta; Wieche?, Marcin; Knafel, Anna; Ludwin, Artur; Dziechciowski, Marek; Nocu?, Agnieszka

2012-09-01

67

Ultrasonography of the elbow.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography (US) of the elbow is an increasingly utilized modality for a variety of diagnoses. US is advantageous in many cases because of the ability to perform a dynamic examination while obtaining patient feedback. Furthermore, US is cost effective, widely available, and beautifully demonstrates superficial soft tissue structures. Finally, US is an excellent option for patients whose studies are degraded by motion artifact or those with claustrophobia concerns. The most common pathologies about the elbow are discussed in this article, including partial- and full-thickness tears of the biceps and triceps tendons, common extensor and flexor tendinosis, medial and lateral epicondylitis, radial and ulnar collateral ligament tears, ulnar nerve entrapment, cubital or olecranon bursitis, joint effusions, and intra-articular bodies. Relevant anatomy is detailed as it pertains to sonographic evaluation and appearance. In addition, specific imaging techniques and positions are described for optimum visualization of the various structures around the elbow because US is highly operator dependent. PMID:18095243

Tran, Nha; Chow, Kira

2007-06-01

68

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography by Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physicians.  

PubMed

Point-of-care ultrasonography is increasingly being used to facilitate accurate and timely diagnoses and to guide procedures. It is important for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians caring for patients in the emergency department to receive adequate and continued point-of-care ultrasonography training for those indications used in their practice setting. Emergency departments should have credentialing and quality assurance programs. PEM fellowships should provide appropriate training to physician trainees. Hospitals should provide privileges to physicians who demonstrate competency in point-of-care ultrasonography. Ongoing research will provide the necessary measures to define the optimal training and competency assessment standards. Requirements for credentialing and hospital privileges will vary and will be specific to individual departments and hospitals. As more physicians are trained and more research is completed, there should be one national standard for credentialing and privileging in point-of-care ultrasonography for PEM physicians. PMID:25825531

2015-04-01

69

Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Contrast agents are increasingly being used to characterize the vasculature in an organ of interest, to better delineate benign from malignant pathology and to aid in staging and directing therapeutic procedures. We review the mechanisms of action of first, second and third generation contrast agents and their use in various endoscopic procedures in the gastrointestinal tract. Various applications of contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography include differentiating benign from malignant mediastinal lymphadenopathy, assessment of depth of invasion of esophageal, gastric and gall bladder cancers and visualization of the portal venous system and esophageal varices. In addition, contrast agents can be used to differentiate pancreatic lesions. The use of color Doppler further increases the ability to diagnose and differentiate various pancreatic malignancies. The sensitivity of power Doppler sonography to depict tumor neovascularization can be increased by contrast agents. Contrast-enhanced harmonic imaging is a useful aid in identifying the tumor vasculature and studying pancreatic microperfusion. In the future, these techniques could potentially be used to quantify tumor perfusion, to assess and monitor the efficacy of antiangiogenic agents, to assist targeted drug delivery and allow molecular imaging. PMID:21218082

Reddy, Nischita K; Ioncic?, Ana Maria; S?ftoiu, Adrian; Vilmann, Peter; Bhutani, Manoop S

2011-01-01

70

Ultrasonography in the evaluation of renal scarring using DMSA scan as the gold standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) renal scan is presently the technique of choice for assessing renal scars. Recent advances suggest that ultrasonography could replace DMSA scan for this purpose. This paper describes the experience of a tertiary pediatric referral hospital performing ultrasonography and DMSA scans in the assessment of renal scarring. Investigations were conducted 3–6 months after patients presented with urinary tract infection

Ima Moorthy; Deirdre Wheat; Isky Gordon

2004-01-01

71

NOTES Hybrid Transvaginal Radical Nephrectomy for Tumor: Stepwise Progression Toward a First Successful Clinical Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been used to perform nephrectomy in the laboratory; however, clinical reports to date have used multiple abdominal trocars to assist the transvaginal procedure. Objective: To present our stepwise technique development and the first successful clinical case of NOTES transvaginal radical nephrectomy for tumor with umbilical assistance without extraumbilical skin incisions. Design, setting,

Rene Sotelo; Robert de Andrade; Golena Fernandez; Daniel Ramirez; Eugenio Di Grazia; Oswaldo Carmona; Andre Berger; Monish Aron; Mihir M. Desai; S. Gill

2009-01-01

72

Transthoracic ultrasonography in respiratory medicine.  

PubMed

Transthoracic ultrasonography (US) has become an essential modality for the evaluation of a wide range of thoracic pathologies by respiratory, emergency and critical care physicians. It can be performed with entry-level equipment and by personnel with minimal training. Its advantages include low cost, lack of radiation and immediate application at the point of care. The main indications for transthoracic US are the qualitative and quantitative assessment of pleural effusions, pleural thickening, diaphragmatic pathology, and chest wall and pleural tumours. US may also be used to visualise pulmonary pathologies that abutt the pleura, including consolidation and the interstitial syndrome. Transthoracic US is at least as sensitive as chest radiographs in the detection of pneumothoraces, and is useful in diagnosing skeletal abnormalities like rib fractures. It is the ideal tool to guide transthoracic procedures, including thoracocentesis and pleural biopsy. Moreover, US-assisted procedures can be performed by a single clinician with no sedation and minimal monitoring. US-assisted fine needle aspiration and/or cutting needle biopsy of extrathoracic lymph nodes, lesions arising from the chest wall, pleura, peripheral lung and mediastinum are safe and have a high yield in the of hands of clinicians. US can potentially also guide aspiration and biopsy of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, consolidations and lung abscesses. Transthoracic US may also be used for the detection of pulmonary embolism. PMID:23676955

Koegelenberg, C F N; Calligaro, G; Hoess, C; Von Groote-Bidlingmaier, F

2013-06-01

73

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Assessment with Ultrasonography: Value of Inlet-to-Outlet Median Nerve Area Ratio in Patients versus Healthy Volunteers  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of the Inlet-to-outlet median nerve area ratio (IOR) in patients with clinically and electrophysiologically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods Forty-six wrists in 46 consecutive patients with clinical and electrodiagnostic evidence of CTS and forty-four wrists in 44 healthy volunteers were examined with ultrasonography. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve was measured at the carpal tunnel inlet (the level of scaphoid-pisiform) and outlet (the level of the hook of the hamate), and the IOR was calculated for each wrist. Ultrasonography and electrodiagnostic tests were performed under blinded conditions. Electrodiagnostic testing combined with clinical symptoms were considered to be the gold standard test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic value between the inlet CSA and IOR. Results The study population included 16 men and 30 women (mean age, 45.3 years; range, 18–83 years). The control population included 18 men and 26 women (mean age, 50.4 years; range, 18–79 years). The mean inlet CSA was 8.7 mm2 in healthy controls and 14.6mm2 in CTS group (P<0.001). The mean IOR in healthy volunteers (1.0) was smaller than that in patients (1.6, P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed a diagnostic advantage to using the IOR rather than the inlet CSA (P<0.01). An IOR cutoff value of ? 1.3 would yield 93% specificity and 91% sensitivity in the diagnosis of CTS. Conclusion The IOR of median nerve area promises to be an effective means in the diagnosis of CTS. A large-scale, randomized controlled trial is required to determine how and when this parameter will be used. PMID:25617835

Liu, Fang; Zhu, Jiaan; Ye, Dongmei; Feng, Xianxuan; Xu, Yiming; Wang, Gang; Bai, Yuehong

2015-01-01

74

Emergency medicine ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To survey program directors of family medicine–emergency medicine (CCFP[EM]) training programs regarding current and future emergency medicine ultrasonography (EMUS) training. DESIGN A Web-based survey using a modified Dillman method. Two academic emergency physicians reviewed the validity and reliability of the survey. SETTING Canada. PARTICIPANTS Program directors of all 17 Canadian CCFP(EM) residency training programs in 2006. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Characteristics of EMUS training currently offered and program directors’ perceptions of needs for future EMUS training. RESULTS The survey, performed in 2006, had a response rate of 100% (17/17), although not all respondents answered all questions. At the time of the study, 82.4% of respondents’ programs used EMUS. Although all program directors recommended that residents attend introductory EMUS courses, only 71.4% (10/14) of programs offered such courses; 60.0% (9/15) of those were mandatory. In one-third of the programs, more than 75% of the attending staff used EMUS. A total of 76.5% of program directors thought that introductory courses in EMUS should be mandatory; 62.5% (10/16) believed that residents were able to acquire sufficient experience to use EMUS independently to make practice decisions before completion of their residency; and 88.2% believed that EMUS should be a part of the scope of practice for emergency medicine physicians. Only 58.8% believed that there should be questions about EMUS on the CCFP(EM) Certification examination. Open responses indicated that funding, resources, and standardization were issues that needed to be addressed. CONCLUSION Formal EMUS training for CCFP(EM) programs is being introduced in Canada. Quality assurance needs to be strengthened. Most program directors thought that an introductory course in EMUS should be mandatory. Fewer directors, however, believed EMUS should be on the CCFP(EM) Certification examination until further funding, resources, and standardization of EMUS programs were in place. PMID:19826164

Woo, Michael Y.; Nussbaum, Chris; Lee, A. Curtis

2009-01-01

75

Symptom Resolution After Operative Management of Complications From Transvaginal Mesh  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Complications from transvaginal mesh placed for prolapse often require operative management. The aim of this study is to describe the outcomes of vaginal mesh removal. METHODS A retrospective review of all patients having surgery by the Urogynecology group in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology at our institution for a complication of transvaginal mesh placed for prolapse was performed. Demographics, presenting symptoms, surgical procedures, and postoperative symptoms were abstracted. Comparative statistics were performed using the chi-squared or Fisher’s exact test with significance at p<0.05. RESULTS Between January 2008 and April 2012, 90 patients had surgery for complications related to vaginal mesh and 84 had follow-up data. The most common presenting signs and symptoms were: mesh exposure 62% (n=56), pain 64% (n=58), and dyspareunia 48% (n=43). During operative management, mesh erosion was encountered unexpectedly in a second area of the vagina in 5% (n=4), in the bladder in 1% (n=1), and in the bowel in 2% (n=2). After vaginal mesh removal, 51% (n=43) had resolution of all presenting symptoms. Mesh exposure was treated successfully in 95% of cases, while pain was only successfully treated in 51% of women. CONCLUSION Removal of vaginal mesh is helpful in relieving symptoms of presentation. Patients can be reassured that exposed mesh can almost always be successfully managed surgically, but pain and dyspareunia are only resolved completely in half of cases. PMID:24463673

Crosby, Erin C.; Abernethy, Melinda; Berger, Mitchell B.; DeLancey, John O.; Fenner, Dee E.; Morgan, Daniel M.

2014-01-01

76

Transvaginal approach for repair of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease.  

PubMed Central

The management of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease is difficult and often unsatisfactory. Between December 1983 and November 1988, 13 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of rectovaginal fistulae via a transvaginal approach. All patients had a diverting intestinal stoma either as part of the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. Each of the patients had low or mid septal fistulae; high fistulae generally are treated transabdominally and are not the focus of this discussion. Fistulae were eradicated in 12 of the 13 women and did not recur during the follow-up period, which averaged 50 months (range, 9 to 68 months). The only treatment failure was a patient who had a markedly diseased colon from the cecum to the rectum and a very low-lying fistula. It is concluded that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulae secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1992942

Bauer, J J; Sher, M E; Jaffin, H; Present, D; Gelerent, I

1991-01-01

77

Transvaginal approach for repair of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease.  

PubMed

The management of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease is difficult and often unsatisfactory. Between December 1983 and November 1988, 13 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of rectovaginal fistulae via a transvaginal approach. All patients had a diverting intestinal stoma either as part of the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. Each of the patients had low or mid septal fistulae; high fistulae generally are treated transabdominally and are not the focus of this discussion. Fistulae were eradicated in 12 of the 13 women and did not recur during the follow-up period, which averaged 50 months (range, 9 to 68 months). The only treatment failure was a patient who had a markedly diseased colon from the cecum to the rectum and a very low-lying fistula. It is concluded that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulae secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1992942

Bauer, J J; Sher, M E; Jaffin, H; Present, D; Gelerent, I

1991-02-01

78

Is transabdominal ultrasound scanning of cervical measurement in mid-trimester pregnancy a useful alternative to transvaginal ultrasound scan?  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of this study is to assess the correlation between transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound measurements of the cervix in pregnancy. If transabdominal ultrasound measurement of cervical length is found to provide effective information, it could be used in patient counselling and when making clinical decisions. Material and Methods One hundred and twenty seven pregnant patients between 18–26 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled in this prospective study for measuring cervical length, both by transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound scan after bladder emptying. Transabdominal and transvaginal measurements were compared and correlated. Results In patients with transvaginal ultrasound scan (TVS) cervical length ?32 mm, TVS cervical length was found to be shorter than by transabdominal ultrasound scan (TAS). Most of these patients needed >3 cm of vertical pocket of urine in the bladder for adequate visualisation of the cervix. In patients with TVS cervical length >32 mm, the TVS measurement of the cervix was longer than the TAS measurement of the cervix. In these patients, the cervix could be seen by TAS when there was either ?3 cm vertical pocket of urine in the bladder or an empty bladder. Statistical tests showed that there is a significant difference between TAS and TVS cervical measurements and that there is a significant association between these two measurements. Conclusion Most of the patients needed variable degrees of bladder filling for adequate visualisation of the cervix. Although minimal bladder filling does not influence TAS measurements of cervical length, moderate fullness of the bladder does cause an apparent increase in TAS measurements of cervical length. If the cervical length is ?30 mm by TAS, regardless of urine content in the bladder, the patient can be assured vis a vis their risk of preterm labour as far as cervical length is concerned. However, in patients with TAS cervical measurement <30 mm and where the bladder needed a moderate amount of urine for adequate visualisation of the cervix, TVS cervical measurement may be close to the critical value of 25 mm. These patients need to be counselled and offered TVS for better assessment of cervical length. PMID:24592111

Chaudhury, Kalyansree; Ghosh, Mrinalkanti; Halder, Atin; Senapati, Sourav; Chaudhury, Sudeshna

2013-01-01

79

Transvaginal Aspiration of Ovarian Cysts: Long-Term Follow-up  

SciTech Connect

Background and purpose. Transvaginal aspiration of ovarian cysts has been advocated as a viable alternative to surgery in patients who are high-risk surgical candidates. We describe a retrospective study evaluating the results of transvaginal aspirations of benign ovarian cysts in patients at increased surgical risk, focusing on long-term follow-up for recurrence of the cyst and/or development of malignancy. Methods. Twenty-four women with ovarian cysts underwent 34 transvaginal drainages between October 1998 and December 2004. All patients were referred following diagnosis of a persistent ovarian cyst with a benign appearance on ultrasound. All patients were unsuitable candidates for surgery (history of previous pelvic surgery, n = 21; high risk for anesthesia, n = 1; and unsuitable for laparoscopy due to obesity, n = 2). Patients with a history of pregnancy, acute abdominal symptoms, or previous gynecologic malignancy were excluded. A 20G x 20 cm Chiba needle was used for transvaginal aspiration using an endocavity probe (Acuson XP, Mountain View, CA, USA; Siemens Sololine, Erlangen, Germany) and intravenous sedoanalgesia. Cysts were aspirated to dryness. Results. Long-term follow-up of patients was performed and revealed a recurrence rate of 75%. Eighty-three percent of cysts on the left and 42% of those on the right recurred. Nine of 15 (60%) patients with recurrence required further intervention. Two of 9 underwent surgical intervention only, 4 of 9 had repeat transvaginal aspiration(s) performed, and 3 of 9 had a combination of both transvaginal aspiration and surgery. No patient developed ovarian malignancy. Conclusion. Transvaginal cyst aspiration has many advantages including short hospital stay, rapid recovery, excellent patient tolerance, and a low rate of procedure-related complications. Our study demonstrates that ovarian cyst recurrence following transvaginal drainage is a more significant problem than previously documented, especially if the cyst is on the left side. However, when recurrences do occur, repeat transvaginal aspirations may be considered in the symptomatic patient.

Duke, D.; Colville, J.; Keeling, A.; Broe, D.; Fotheringham, T.; Lee, M.J. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Academic Radiology (Ireland)], E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie

2006-06-15

80

Clinical complications after transvaginal oocyte retrieval: a retrospective analysis.  

PubMed

There are little systematic data reported in the literature on complications observed after transvaginal oocyte retrieval (OR) guided by ultrasound. We report our experience in 542 in vitro fertilisation cycles. The frequency of severe complications in our patients was 0.72%; of these, two cases were bronchospasm during anaesthesia (0.36%) and two were cases of intraperitoneal bleeding (0.36%); minor vaginal bleeding was the most frequent complication (18.08%), which was treated easily. Through this retrospective analysis, it is evident that clinical suspicion is of particular importance in detecting post-OR complications on one hand, but on the other these complications are rare and most are treated conservatively. PMID:23259882

Siristatidis, C; Chrelias, C; Alexiou, A; Kassanos, D

2013-01-01

81

DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF THE ULNAR NERVE IN CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-two elbows in 31 patients diagnosed as having cubital tunnel syndrome underwent ultrasonographic examination to assess morphological changes in the ulnar nerve and its surrounding tissues. On longitudinal images, the site of constriction due to the fibrous band and proximal swelling of the nerve were observed by ultrasonography and were confirmed intraoperatively. On axial images, the lengths of the major

M. OKAMOTO; M. ABE; H. SHIRAI; N. UEDA

2000-01-01

82

Diagnostic ultrasonography of the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-two elbows in 31 patients diagnosed as having cubital tunnel syndrome underwent ultrasonographic examination to assess morphological changes in the ulnar nerve and its surrounding tissues. On longitudinal images, the site of constriction due to the fibrous band and proximal swelling of the nerve were observed by ultrasonography and were confirmed intraoperatively. On axial images, the lengths of the major

M. Okamoto; M. Abe; H. Shirai; N. Ueda

2000-01-01

83

Ultrasonography guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatic cavernous hemangioma  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM: Hepatic cavernous hemangioma (HCH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver and its management is still controversial. Recent success in situ radiofrequency ablation of hepatic malignancies has led us to consider using this technique in patients with HCH. This study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and complications of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) under ultrasonography guidance in

Yan Cui; Li-Yan Zhou; Man-Ku Dong; Ping Wang; Min Ji; Xiao-Ou Li; Chang-Wei Chen; Zi-Pei Liu; Yong-Jie Xu; Hong-Wen Zhang

2003-01-01

84

Endoscopic Ultrasonography of Neuroendocrine Tumours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of the upper gastrointestinal tract are mainly located in the pancreas, stomach or duodenum. The aims of preoperative work-up are the localization of primary tumour(s), determination of local tumour invasion, of lymph node metastases and of the hormones secreted by the tumour. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) offers ideal conditions to localize and stage NETs of the foregut. We

T. Zimmer; H. Scherübl; S. Faiss; U. Stölzel; E.-O. Riecken; B. Wiedenmann

2000-01-01

85

Traumatic haemobilia: value of ultrasonography.  

PubMed Central

A case of post-traumatic haemobilia treated by right hepatic artery ligation is described. The role of 'B'-mode grey-scale ultrasonography in the investigation of hepatic trauma is discussed. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 PMID:984693

Archer, D. J.

1976-01-01

86

Advances in transcranial doppler ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) is the only noninvasive real-time neuroimaging modality for the evaluation of characteristics\\u000a of blood flow in basal intracerebral vessels that adds physiologic information to structural imaging. TCD has been rapidly\\u000a evolving from a simple noninvasive diagnostic tool to an imaging modality with a broad spectrum of clinical applications.\\u000a In acute stroke, TCD can provide rapid information

Georgios Tsivgoulis; Andrei V. Alexandrov; Michael A. Sloan

2009-01-01

87

High-resolution ultrasonography in evaluating peripheral nerve entrapment and trauma.  

PubMed

High-resolution ultrasonography is a noninvasive, readily applicable imaging modality, capable of depicting real-time static and dynamic morphological information concerning the peripheral nerves and their surrounding tissues. Continuous progress in ultrasonographic technology results in highly improved spatial and contrast resolution. Therefore, nerve imaging is possible to a fascicular level, and most peripheral nerves can now be depicted along their entire anatomical course. An increasing number of publications have evaluated the role of high-resolution ultrasonography in peripheral nerve diseases, especially in peripheral nerve entrapment. Ultrasonography has been shown to be a precious complementary tool for assessing peripheral nerve lesions with respect to their exact location, course, continuity, and extent in traumatic nerve lesions, and for assessing nerve entrapment and tumors. In this article, the authors discuss the basic technical considerations for using ultrasonography in peripheral nerve assessment, and some of the clinical applications are illustrated. PMID:19435442

Koenig, Ralph W; Pedro, Maria T; Heinen, Christian P G; Schmidt, Thomas; Richter, Hans-Peter; Antoniadis, Gregor; Kretschmer, Thomas

2009-02-01

88

Transvaginal ultrasound-guided cumulus oocyte complexes aspiration and in vitro embryo production in suckled beef and lactating dairy cattle on pasture-based management conditions.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to determine the use of repeated transvaginal ultrasound-guided cumulus oocyte complex (COC) aspiration on COC recovery rate, in vitro embryo production (IVP) and subsequent pregnancy rates in Holstein Friesian (HF) and Aberdeen Angus (AA) cows (Experiment 1), and in pregnant and non-pregnant Holstein Friesian cows (Experiment 2). Cycling, non-pregnant HF (n=17) and AA (n=32) cows with 40-70 days postpartum, between 3 and 5 years of age were used in the Experiment 1. All cows were submitted to repeated transvaginal ultrasound-guided COC aspiration twice a week for 5-7 weeks. Cumulus ooctye complexes (COC) were in vitro matured, fertilized and cultured for 8 days. An overall of 100 and 350 embryos from HF and AA cows respectively were cryopreserved using a conventional slow freezing (Experiment 1). A total of 81 and 285 frozen-thawed embryos from HF and AA cows respectively were transferred to recipient cows. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed at 60 and 150 days of gestation using transrectal ultrasonography. In Experiment 2, cycling non-pregnant (n=9) and pregnant (n=8) HF cows were submitted to repeated ultrasound-guided COC aspiration and COC were in vitro matured, fertilized and cultured as in Experiment 1, except that embryos were cryopreserved but not thawed and transferred as described for Experiment 1. The results of this study indicate that COC recovery rate and blastocyts production are affected by the breed of the donor cow. The quality of blastocyts produced from both breed did not differ in terms of pregnancy and calving rates (Experiment 1). The physiologic state of pregnancy did not affect COC recovery rate and blastocysts production per donor/session (Experiment 2). The use of ultrasound-guided COC aspiration and IVP could be a powerful technique to improve the genetic of beef and dairy cattle managed under pasture-based conditions management in the southern Chile. PMID:22030337

Ratto, M H; Peralta, O A; Mogollon, G; Strobel, P; Correa, J

2011-11-01

89

CT and ultrasonography of acute renal abnormalities.  

PubMed

Computed tomography and ultrasonography are important in the evaluation of patients with acute renal abnormalities, either as adjuncts or, less commonly, as alternatives to excretory urography. Ultrasonography has become the imaging procedure of choice in evaluation of acute renal failure. Detection of obstructive uropathy by ultrasonography is very accurate, although the potential pitfalls of minimal dilatation obstructive uropathy, false absence of caliectasis in dehydrated patients, and peripelvic cysts simulating hydronephrosis should be considered. Both CT and ultrasonography have improved our ability to define specific causes of intrinsic or extrinsic renal or ureteral obstructing lesions, including tumor, inflammatory masses, and calculi. Renal infections and infarctions also have characteristic appearances on CT and ultrasonography, though ultrasonography is somewhat limited by its inability to reliably demonstrate gas-containing or small abscesses, and its inability to provide functional information about the concentrating capacity of regional areas of the kidney. PMID:6356219

Jeffrey, R B; Federle, M P

1983-09-01

90

Validation of ultrasonography in detecting structural disease of the urogenital tract of the koala, Phascolarctos cinereus.  

PubMed

A retrospective review of case records of ultrasonography and necropsy outcomes of 62 koalas was used to investigate the accuracy of ultrasonography in assessing koala urogenital tract structural disease at the Port Macquarie Koala Hospital. The results showed high concordance, supporting ultrasonography as an effective tool for evaluating structural disease of the koala urogenital tract, most commonly seen with chlamydiosis. The study also illustrates the advances benefiting animal welfare that can be made by wildlife carer groups through using a scientific, evidence-based approach. PMID:24766049

Marschner, C; Flanagan, C; Higgins, D P; Krockenberger, M B

2014-05-01

91

Managing chronic pelvic pain following reconstructive pelvic surgery with transvaginal mesh.  

PubMed

In 2001, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first transvaginal mesh kit to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Since the introduction of vaginal mesh kits, some vaginal meshes have been associated with chronic pelvic pain after reconstructive pelvic floor surgery. Pelvic pain results in between 0 % and 30 % of patients following transvaginal mesh placement. Common causes of chronic pelvic pain include pelvic floor muscle spasm, pudendal neuralgia, and infection. Paucity of data exists on the effective management of chronic pelvic pain after pelvic reconstructive surgery with mesh. We outline the management of chronic pelvic pain after transvaginal mesh placement for reconstructive pelvic floor repair based on our clinical experience and adaptation of data used in other aspects of managing chronic pelvic pain conditions. PMID:24217793

Gyang, Anthony N; Feranec, Jessica B; Patel, Rakesh C; Lamvu, Georgine M

2014-03-01

92

Use of ultrasonography in ulnar nerve entrapment surgery—a prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our study is to assess the usefulness of high-resolution ultrasonography in observing the morphology and dynamics\\u000a of the ulnar nerve in the cubital tunnel and also the efficacy of ultrasonography in a more accurate diagnosis and appropriate\\u000a surgical treatment decision. Cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerves of 40 healthy volunteers in the control group were measured\\u000a bilaterally

Murat Kutlay; Ahmet Çolak; Hakan ?im?ek; Ersin Öztürk; Mehmet Güney ?enol; K?vanç Topuz; Mehmet Nusret Demircan

2009-01-01

93

Laparoscopy with Laparoscopic Ultrasonography in the TNM Staging of Pancreatic Carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   A prospective study was performed comparing laparoscopy with laparoscopic ultrasonography (LapUS), transabdominal ultrasonography\\u000a (USS), computed tomography (CT), and selective visceral angiography with portal phase venography (SVA) for the assessment\\u000a of resectability in 50 patients with pancreatic or periampullary cancer. The results were stratified by TNM stages. Tumor\\u000a unresectability was demonstrated in 36 patients (72%). The sensitivity of LapUS for

Timothy G. John; Andrew Wright; Paul L. Allan; Doris N. Redhead; Simon Paterson-Brown; David C. Carter; O. James Garden

1999-01-01

94

Utility of Color Doppler Ultrasonography Predicting TIPS Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES:Color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) has been proposed as an alternative to portal pressure gradient (PPG) measurement to detect transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction but with inconsistent results. This study aimed at developing and validating CDUS criteria to assess TIPS dysfunction.METHODS:A total of 117 consecutive follow-up simultaneous CDUS and hemodynamic evaluations in 34 patients with TIPS were analyzed. TIPS dysfunction

Juan G. Abraldes; Rosa Gilabert; Juan Turnes; Carles Nicolau; Annalisa Berzigotti; John Aponte; Concepció Bru; Jaime Bosch; Juan Carlos García-Pagán

2005-01-01

95

Diagnosis of Pentalogy of Cantrell in the First Trimester Using Transvaginal Sonography and Color Doppler  

PubMed Central

We report the prenatal diagnosis of Cantrell syndrome in the first trimester. During a routine transabdominal ultrasonographic examination, a midline supraumbilical abdominal wall defect including herniated liver and ectopia cordis with a large omphalocele containing the intestines and cystic hygroma was incidentally identified at the 12th week of gestation. A transvaginal sonography examination revealed a severe lumbosacral scoliosis in addition to the inability to visualize the abdominal aorta which was indicative of a severe intracardiac defect. The parents opted for pregnancy to be terminated. In this case report, we discuss the complementary role of transvaginal sonography and Doppler imaging in the diagnosis of Cantrell syndrome in early pregnancy. PMID:25802780

Türkçapar, Ay?e Figen; Sarg?n Oruc, Ayla; Öksüzoglu, Aysegül; Dan??man, Nuri

2015-01-01

96

Follow-up evaluation with ultrasonography of peripheral nerve injuries after an earthquake  

PubMed Central

Published data on earthquake-associated peripheral nerve injury is very limited. Ultrasonography has been proven to be efficient in the clinic to diagnose peripheral nerve injury. The aim of this study was to assess the role of ultrasound in the evaluation of persistent peripheral nerve injuries 1 year after the Wenchuan earthquake. Thirty-four patients with persistent clinical symptoms and neurologic signs of impaired nerve function were evaluated with sonography prior to surgical repair. Among 34 patients, ultrasonography showed that 48 peripheral nerves were entrapped, and 11 peripheral nerves were disrupted. There was one case of misdiagnosis on ultrasonography. The concordance rate of ultrasonographic findings with those of surgical findings was 98%. A total of 48 involved nerves underwent neurolysis and the symptoms resolved. Only five nerves had scar tissue entrapment. Preoperative and postoperative clinical and ultrasonographic results were concordant, which verified that ultrasonography is useful for preoperative diagnosis and postoperative evaluation of injured peripheral nerves. PMID:25206859

Lu, Man; Wang, Yue; Yue, Linxian; Chiu, Jack; He, Fanding; Wu, Xiaojing; Zang, Bin; Lu, Bin; Yao, Xiaoke; Jiang, Zirui

2014-01-01

97

Diagnostic ultrasonography of the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome.  

PubMed

Thirty-two elbows in 31 patients diagnosed as having cubital tunnel syndrome underwent ultrasonographic examination to assess morphological changes in the ulnar nerve and its surrounding tissues. On longitudinal images, the site of constriction due to the fibrous band and proximal swelling of the nerve were observed by ultrasonography and were confirmed intraoperatively. On axial images, the lengths of the major axis [7.2 (SD 1.6) mm] and the minor axis [3.7 (0.9) mm] of the nerve at the medial epicondyle were greater than those in normal subjects. There was a correlation between the stage of ulnar nerve palsy and the diameter of the major axis. Preoperatively, ganglia were detected by ultrasonography in the cubital tunnel in three cases and an anconeus epitrochlearis muscle in two. PMID:10991822

Okamoto, M; Abe, M; Shirai, H; Ueda, N

2000-10-01

98

Persistence of Microbial Contamination on Transvaginal Ultrasound Probes despite Low-Level Disinfection Procedure  

PubMed Central

Aim of the Study In many countries, Low Level Disinfection (LLD) of covered transvaginal ultrasound probes is recommended between patients' examinations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of LLD under routine conditions on a range of microorganisms. Materials and Methods Samples were taken over a six month period in a private French Radiology Center. 300 specimens derived from endovaginal ultrasound probes were analyzed after disinfection of the probe with wipes impregnated with a quaternary ammonium compound and chlorhexidine. Human papillomavirus (HPV) was sought in the first set of s100 samples, Chlamydia trachomatis and mycoplasmas were searched in the second set of 100 samples, bacteria and fungi in the third 100 set samples. HPV, C. trachomatis and mycoplasmas were detected by PCR amplification. PCR positive samples were subjected to a nuclease treatment before an additional PCR assay to assess the likely viable microorganisms. Bacteria and fungi were investigated by conventional methods. Results A substantial persistence of microorganisms was observed on the disinfected probes: HPV DNA was found on 13% of the samples and 7% in nuclease-resistant form. C. trachomatis DNA was detected on 20% of the probes by primary PCR but only 2% after nuclease treatment, while mycoplasma DNA was amplified in 8% and 4%, respectively. Commensal and/or environmental bacterial flora was present on 86% of the probes, occasionally in mixed culture, and at various levels (10->3000 CFU/probe); Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from 4% of the probes (10-560 CFU/probe). No fungi were isolated. Conclusion Our findings raise concerns about the efficacy of impregnated towels as a sole mean for disinfection of ultrasound probes. Although the ultrasound probes are used with disposable covers, our results highlight the potential risk of cross contamination between patients during ultrasound examination and emphasize the need for reviewing the disinfection procedure. PMID:24695371

M'Zali, Fatima; Bounizra, Carole; Leroy, Sandrine; Mekki, Yahia; Quentin-Noury, Claudine; Kann, Michael

2014-01-01

99

Basic principles and clinical applications of the transvaginal Doppler duplex system in reproductive medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion New technological advances in the field of ultrasound imaging and in Doppler signal acquisition and analysis help to open new fields of investigation in reproductive medicine. One such example is the recent introduction of the transvaginal Doppler duplex system, which can be applied as a sensitive, noninvasive “flow probe” to evaluate hemodynamic changes in pregnant and nonpregnant patients. Another

Israel Thaler; Dorit Manor; Joseph Brandes; Shraga Rottem; Joseph Itskovitz

1990-01-01

100

Transvaginal Management of Cesarean Scar Section Diverticulum: A Novel Surgical Treatment  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical value of transvaginal management of cesarean section scar diverticulum. Material/Methods We evaluated 64 patients receiving transvaginal management of previous cesarean scar defect (PCSD). Results The PCSD was successfully treated by transvaginal surgery, without evident complications. The mean operation time was 33.6±4.1 min, blood loss was 37.9±16.8 ml, and the mean hospital stay after surgery was 6±2.9 days. Symptoms related to the prolonged menstruation in 53 patients were improved after surgery, vaginal bleeding time was reduced by an average of 7.3±2.8 days, and a significant difference was noted between the mean pre- and post-operative duration of menstruation (P<0.01). Of 11 patients with guttate between menstrual periods, guttate was absent in 9 patients and improved in 2. Clinical improvement was observed in 85.9% (55/64). Conclusions Transvaginal intervention is feasible and safe for the management of PCSD. PMID:25104647

Chen, Yuqing; Chang, Yajie; Yao, Shuzhong

2014-01-01

101

Admixture of propofol and alfentanil. Use for intravenous sedation and analgesia during transvaginal oocyte retrieval.  

PubMed

An admixture of propofol and alfentanil provides adequate sedation and analgesia during transvaginal oocyte retrieval in the absence of a paracervical block. In 100 patients the technique provided haemodynamic stability, sedation which was easily controlled, rapid recovery and universal patient acceptance. PMID:1616081

Sherry, E

1992-06-01

102

Transvaginal ovum pick-up (OPU) in the cow: A new disposable needle guidance system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to modify the routinely used ovum pick up (OPU) devices to permit use of disposable needles and to simplify the technique and to make it more economical and practical to use. Long nondisposable needles are commonly used in transvaginal OPU despite several disadvantages. A new OPU device was developed using 19-g disposable needles to eliminate these

P. E. J. Bols; J. M. M. Vandenheede; A. Van Soom; A. de Kruif

1995-01-01

103

Use of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in musculoskeletal medicine.  

PubMed

Ultrasound contrast agents enhance blood flow signals and allow assessment of microcirculation. The objective of this review is to systematically identify and summarize the literature on the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in the musculoskeletal field. A literature search was conducted using the following keywords: ultrasound, contrast agent, and relevant musculoskeletal terms (muscle, tendon, joint, or bone). Only articles devoted to human research were reviewed. Information about each study, including category, subject, site, type of contrast agent, imaging technique, and contribution, was summarized. We reviewed 44 of the 260 retrieved articles. The associated categories were muscle (21 articles), tendon (4 articles), joint (17 articles), and bone (2 articles). Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography has been widely applied to the clinical evaluation of rheumatoid arthritis (n = 12) and research of muscle perfusion (n = 20). SonoVue (n = 20) was the most commonly used contrast agent, followed by Levovist (n = 17), Definity (n = 6), and Sonazoid (n = 1). Gray scale sonography (n = 3), color Doppler sonography (n = 4), power Doppler sonography (n = 15), and nonlinear imaging techniques specific for the existence of microbubbles (n = 22) were used according to different protocols. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography has emerged as a promising diagnostic and research tool in musculoskeletal systems. Its application in bony structures is limited, owing to poor ultrasound penetration; however, development of nonlinear imaging techniques may promote advanced research on microcirculation in tendons. PMID:22173085

Chang, Ke-Vin; Lew, Henry L; Wang, Tyng-Guey; Chen, Wen-Shiang

2012-05-01

104

Bedside ultrasonography: Applications in critical care: Part I  

PubMed Central

There is increasing interest in the use of ultrasound to assess and guide the management of critically ill patients. The ability to carry out quick examinations by the bedside to answer specific clinical queries as well as repeatability are clear advantages in an acute care setting. In addition, delays associated with transfer of patients out of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and exposure to ionizing radiation may also be avoided. Ultrasonographic imaging looks set to evolve and complement clinical examination of acutely ill patients, offering quick answers by the bedside. In this two-part narrative review, we describe the applications of ultrasonography with a special focus on the management of the critically ill. Part I explores the utility of echocardiography in the ICU, with emphasis on its usefulness in the management of hemodynamically unstable patients. We also discuss lung ultrasonography - a vastly underutilized technology for several years, until intensivists began to realize its usefulness, and obvious advantages over chest radiography. Ultrasonography is rapidly emerging as an important tool in the hands of intensive care physicians. PMID:24914259

Chacko, Jose; Brar, Gagan

2014-01-01

105

Portable ultrasonography in mass casualty incidents: The CAVEAT examination  

PubMed Central

Ultrasonography used by practicing clinicians has been shown to be of utility in the evaluation of time-sensitive and critical illnesses in a range of environments, including pre-hospital triage, emergency department, and critical care settings. The increasing availability of light-weight, robust, user-friendly, and low-cost portable ultrasound equipment is particularly suited for use in the physically and temporally challenging environment of a multiple casualty incident (MCI). Currently established ultrasound applications used to identify potentially lethal thoracic or abdominal conditions offer a base upon which rapid, focused protocols using hand-carried emergency ultrasonography could be developed. Following a detailed review of the current use of portable ultrasonography in military and civilian MCI settings, we propose a protocol for sonographic evaluation of the chest, abdomen, vena cava, and extremities for acute triage. The protocol is two-tiered, based on the urgency and technical difficulty of the sonographic examination. In addition to utilization of well-established bedside abdominal and thoracic sonography applications, this protocol incorporates extremity assessment for long-bone fractures. Studies of the proposed protocol will need to be conducted to determine its utility in simulated and actual MCI settings. PMID:22474622

Stawicki, Stanislaw Peter; Howard, James M; Pryor, John P; Bahner, David P; Whitmill, Melissa L; Dean, Anthony J

2010-01-01

106

Bedside ultrasonography-Applications in critical care: Part II  

PubMed Central

Point of care ultrasonography, performed by acute care physicians, has developed into an invaluable bedside tool providing important clinical information with a major impact on patient care. In Part II of this narrative review, we describe ultrasound guided central venous cannulation, which has become standard of care with internal jugular vein cannulation. Besides improving success rates, real-time guidance also significantly reduces the incidence of complications. We also discuss compression ultrasonography - a quick and effective bedside screening tool for deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremity. Abdominal ultrasound offers vital clues in the emergency setting; in the unstable trauma victim, a focused examination may provide immediate answers and has largely superseded diagnostic peritoneal lavage in diagnosing intraperitoneal bleed. From estimation of intracranial pressure to transcranial Doppler studies, ultrasound is becoming increasingly relevant to neurocritical care. Ultrasound may also help with airway management in several situations, including percutaneous tracheostomy. Clearly, bedside ultrasonography has become an indispensable part of intensive care practice – in the rapid assessment of critically ill-patients as well as in enhancing the safety of invasive procedures. PMID:24987237

Chacko, Jose; Brar, Gagan

2014-01-01

107

Transthoracic ultrasonography for the respiratory physician.  

PubMed

Transthoracic ultrasonography is still not utilized to its full potential by respiratory physicians, despite being a well-established and validated imaging modality. It allows for an immediate and mobile assessment that can potentially augment the physical examination of the chest. Ultrasound (US)-assisted procedures can be performed by a single clinician with no sedation and with minimal monitoring, even outside of theatre. The main indications for the use of transthoracic US are: the qualitative and quantitative description of pleural effusions, pleural thickening, diaphragmatic dysfunction and chest-wall and pleural tumours. It may also be used to visualise lung tumours and other parenchymal pulmonary processes provided they abut the pleura. It is at least as sensitive as chest radiographs as far as the detection of a pneumothorax is concerned. It is the ideal tool to assist with thoracocentesis and drainage of effusions. The US-assisted fine-needle aspiration and/or cutting-needle biopsy of extrathoracic lymph nodes, lesions arising from the chest wall, pleura, peripheral lung and mediastinum, are safe and have a high yield in the hands of chest physicians. US may also guide the aspiration and biopsy of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, consolidations and lung abscesses, provided the chest wall is abutted. Advanced applications of transthoracic US include the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. PMID:22832423

Koegelenberg, Coenraad F N; von Groote-Bidlingmaier, Florian; Bolliger, Chris T

2012-01-01

108

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography to confirm brain death: a meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Barbiturate therapy or hypothermia precludes proper diagnosis of brain death ei- ther clinically or by EEG. Specific intracranial flow patterns indicating cerebral circulatory arrest (CCA) can be visualized by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD). The aim of this study was to assess the validity of TCD in confirming brain death. Design: Meta-analysis of studies assessing the validity of TCD in

A. Ackerstaff; G. Jansen; Adrianus J. van Vught; L. M. Monteiro; C. W. Bollen

109

Birth of Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) cubs after transvaginal artificial insemination.  

PubMed

A captive 9-yr-old female Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) at the Lisbon Zoo was treated with equine chorionic gonadotropin followed 80 hr later by human chorionic gonadotropin to stimulate follicular development and ovulation, respectively. Forty-one hours after the second hormone administration, the tiger was subjected to transvaginal artificial insemination with diluted fresh semen containing 500 x 10(6) motile spermatozoa obtained from an 8-yr-old male Siberian tiger via electroejaculation. After anesthesia, the female tiger was placed in an inclined position with the hind limbs elevated during and after the insemination and was maintained in this position for 15 min to minimize semen reflux. An anesthetic reversal agent was then administered. After a 103-day gestation, the female gave birth to three apparently healthy cubs that survived 24-48 hr. These results demonstrate that transvaginal artificial insemination can be successfully performed in the Siberian tiger to produce full-term offspring. PMID:11428407

Chagas e Silva, J N; Leitão, R M; Lapão, N E; da Cunha, M B; da Cunha, T P; da Silva, J P; Paisana, F C

2000-12-01

110

Recto-sigmoid endoscopic-ultrasonography in the staging of deep infiltrating endometriosis  

PubMed Central

Recto-sigmoid endoscopic ultrasonography (RS-EUS) has first been used in the staging of pelvic deep infiltrating endometriosis in the early 1990's. Since then, although publications have been sparse, RS-EUS is routinely used for this indication in few centers. In this paper, we focus on technical aspects and operating method of rectal and sigmoid endo-sonography, and describe the most characteristic echographic presentations of endometriosis of the lower digestive tract. Through a literature review, results obtained with different types of endo-rectal probes, either flexible endoscopic, or blind rigid, are presented and compared with those of other close imaging techniques: magnetic resonance imaging and the more recent trans-vaginal sonography. As well as these two latter techniques, RS-EUS appears as an interesting method in the staging of pelvic deep infiltrating endometriosis particularly to evaluate rectal and sigmoid infiltrations. However, more prospective studies are required, to correctly define respective indications for each exam, in the light of recent advancements in treating this frequent disease. PMID:25400866

Roseau, Gilles

2014-01-01

111

Prenatal Imaging: Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging  

PubMed Central

The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development held a workshop on September 18–19, 2006, to summarize the available evidence on the role and performance of current fetal imaging technology and to establish a research agenda. Ultrasonography is the imaging modality of choice for pregnancy evaluation due to its relatively low cost, real-time capability, safety, and operator comfort and experience. First-trimester ultrasonography extends the available window for fetal observation and raises the possibility of performing an early anatomic survey. Three-dimensional ultrasonography has the potential to expand the clinical application of ultrasonography by permitting local acquisition of volumes and remote review and interpretation at specialized centers. New advances allow performance of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without maternal or fetal sedation, with improved characterization and prediction of prognosis of certain fetal central nervous system anomalies such as ventriculomegaly when compared with ultrasonography. Fewer data exist on the usefulness of fetal MRI for non–central nervous system anomalies. PMID:18591320

Reddy, Uma M.; Filly, Roy A.; Copel, Joshua A.

2009-01-01

112

Operative transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy for treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome: a new minimally invasive surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate a new minimally invasive surgery for treatment of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in clomiphene-resistant infertile women.Design: Prospective study.Setting: University teaching hospital.Patient(s): Thirteen clomiphene citrate–resistant anovulatory women with PCOS.Intervention(s): Operative transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) using a coaxial bipolar electrode.Main Outcome Measure(s): Feasability, ovulation rate, and pregnancy rate.Result(s): Ovarian drilling was performed by THL in all patients; no surgical

Hervé Fernandez; Jean-Dominique Alby; Amélie Gervaise; Renaud de Tayrac; René Frydman

2001-01-01

113

Transobturator tapes are preferable over transvaginal tapes for the management of female stress urinary incontinence: For  

PubMed Central

Tension-free midurethral slings have proven to have low morbidity and high success rates in the management of female stress urinary incontinence. Among midurethal slings, the transobtuator tapes has comparable success and satisfaction rates as the transvaginal tapes but with reduced risk of intra-operative bladder injury, shorter operating time and quicker return to activities. Thus, the transobturator tapes may be recommended as the primary choice for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. PMID:19955692

Rajamaheshwari, N.; Varghese, Lilly

2009-01-01

114

Surgical repair of rectovaginal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease: transvaginal approach.  

PubMed

The surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas complicating Crohn's disease has been associated with unacceptably high failure rates. We sought to modify the available surgical techniques to provide a solution to this challenging problem. Between December 1983 and January 1990, 14 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of a rectovaginal fistula. A modified transvaginal approach was employed by the authors. A diverting loop ileostomy was performed on all patients, either as the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. The fistula was completely eradicated in 13 of the 14 women and did not recur during the mean follow-up period of 55.0 months (range, 3-77 months). Intestinal continuity was reestablished in these 13 patients within 6 months after the initial fistula repair. One patient with a very low-lying fistula constituted our only failure. We have found the transvaginal method preferable to the transanal approach because of the relative ease in raising the vaginal flap as compared with a flap of fibrotic and inflamed anorectal mucosa. On the basis of this study, we conclude that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulas secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1855419

Sher, M E; Bauer, J J; Gelernt, I

1991-08-01

115

An evaluation of transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of simple adnexal cysts.  

PubMed

We carried out this clinical study to evaluate the benefits the risks of transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration in a group of patients. The study group consisted of 22 premenapausal women who were detected as having benign adnexal cysts, based on ultrasound appearances. Before the procedure, all patients were evaluated thoroughly by pelvic examination, transvaginal ultrasound and serum measurements of CA-125. Oestradiol CA-125, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone and progesterone were analysed in aspirated cystic fluids as well as cytological evaluation. It was concluded that measurements of follicle stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, oestradiol and progesterone concentrations in cystic fluid had no prognostic significance. But CA-125 levels over 55 iu/ml were likely to predict the recurrence of the cysts. Cytological examination of the aspirated cystic fluids revealed that 21 cysts were benign functional cysts, but one was serous cystadenoma. We observed recurrence following aspiration in five patients (22.7%) who were followed for 6 months. Patients with simple ovarian cysts will benefit from transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration by being saved from surgery and its related complications. However, its use should be limited to those masses that appear to be completely cystic with well-defined borders, because of the risk of the intra-abdominal spillage of the contents of complicated cysts. PMID:15512147

Kocak, I; Uzel, A; Aytaç, R

1998-09-01

116

Ultrasonography in diagnosing chronic pancreatitis: New aspects  

PubMed Central

The course and outcome is poor for most patients with pancreatic diseases. Advances in pancreatic imaging are important in the detection of pancreatic diseases at early stages. Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool has made, virtually speaking a technical revolution in medical imaging in the new millennium. It has not only become the preferred method for first line imaging, but also, increasingly to clarify the interpretation of other imaging modalities to obtain efficient clinical decision. We review ultrasonography modalities, focusing on advanced pancreatic imaging and its potential to substantially improve diagnosis of pancreatic diseases at earlier stages. In the first section, we describe scanning techniques and examination protocols. Their consequences for image quality and the ability to obtain complete and detailed visualization of the pancreas are discussed. In the second section we outline ultrasonographic characteristics of pancreatic diseases with emphasis on chronic pancreatitis. Finally, new developments in ultrasonography of the pancreas such as contrast enhanced ultrasound and elastography are enlightened. PMID:24259955

Dimcevski, Georg; Erchinger, Friedemann G; Havre, Roald; Gilja, Odd Helge

2013-01-01

117

Sources of error in emergency ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Background To evaluate the common sources of diagnostic errors in emergency ultrasonography. Methods The authors performed a Medline search using PubMed (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland) for original research and review publications examining the common sources of errors in diagnosis with specific reference to emergency ultrasonography. The search design utilized different association of the following terms : (1) emergency ultrasonography, (2) error, (3) malpractice and (4) medical negligence. This review was restricted to human studies and to English-language literature. Four authors reviewed all the titles and subsequent the abstract of 171 articles that appeared appropriate. Other articles were recognized by reviewing the reference lists of significant papers. Finally, the full text of 48 selected articles was reviewed. Results Several studies indicate that the etiology of error in emergency ultrasonography is multi-factorial. Common sources of error in emergency ultrasonography are: lack of attention to the clinical history and examination, lack of communication with the patient, lack of knowledge of the technical equipment, use of inappropriate probes, inadequate optimization of the images, failure of perception, lack of knowledge of the possible differential diagnoses, over-estimation of one’s own skill, failure to suggest further ultrasound examinations or other imaging techniques. Conclusions To reduce errors in interpretation of ultrasonographic findings, the sonographer needs to be aware of the limitations of ultrasonography in the emergency setting, and the similarities in the appearances of various physiological and pathological processes. Adequate clinical informations are essential. Diagnostic errors should be considered not as signs of failure, but as learning opportunities. PMID:23902656

2013-01-01

118

Real Time 3D Laparoscopic Ultrasonography Edward D. Light1  

E-print Network

1 Real Time 3D Laparoscopic Ultrasonography Edward D. Light1 , Salim F. Idriss2 , Kathryn F laparoscopic ultrasonography (3D LUS), and real time 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE fibrillation. Key Words: Laparoscopic Ultrasonography, Real Time 3D Imaging, 2D Array Transducer, Trocar

Smith, Stephen

119

Imaging of tophaceous gout: computed tomography provides specific images compared with magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the usefulness of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and Doppler ultrasonography (US) in providing specific images of gouty tophi.Methods: Four male patients with chronic gout with tophi affecting the knee joints (three cases) or the olecranon processes of the elbows (one case) were assessed. Crystallographic analyses of the synovial fluid or tissue aspirates of the

J C Gerster; M Landry; L Dufresne; J Y Meuwly

2002-01-01

120

Using ultrasonography to facilitate best practice in diagnosis and management of RA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key to successful management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is early objective quantification of inflammation and ongoing precise, tailored therapy to ensure long term suppression of inflammatory disease activity. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSKUS) has emerged as a tool with the potential to enhance disease assessment and management in this area. This includes applications in patients with undifferentiated arthropathy attending an early

Andrew K. Brown

2009-01-01

121

Transabdominal Ultrasonography of the Small Bowel  

PubMed Central

In the era of double balloon enteroscopy, capsule endoscopy, CT, and MRI enterography is transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) underestimated method for evaluation of small bowel pathology. As often initial imagine method in abdominal complaints, nowadays has TUS much better diagnostic potential than two decades ago. High-resolution ultrasound probes with harmonic imaging significantly improve resolution of bowel wall in real time, with possibility to asses bowel peristalsis. Color flow doppler enables evaluation of intramural bowel vascularisation, pulse wave doppler helps to quantificate flow in coeliac and superior mesenteric arteries. Small intestine contrast ultrasonography with oral contrast fluid, as well as contrast enhanced ultrasonography with intravenous microbubble contrast also improves small bowel imaging. We present a review of small intestine pathology that should be detected during ultrasound examinations, discuss technical requirements, advantages and limitations of TUS, typical ultrasound signs of Crohn's disease, ileus, celiac disease, intussusception, infectious enteritis, tumours, ischemic and haemorrhagic conditions of small bowel. In the hands of experienced investigator, despite some significant limitations(obesity, meteorism), is transabdominal ultrasonography reliable, noninvasive and inexpensive alternative method to computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in small bowel examination. PMID:24348544

Trnovsky, Peter; Kopá?ová, Marcela

2013-01-01

122

Endoscopic ultrasonography in patients with gastrinomas.  

PubMed

Placing the endoscopic ultrasound transducer in the descending duodenum, the duodenal bulb and the stomach, all the pancreas can be imaged. Endoscopic ultrasonography is a sophisticated imaging technique able to accurately diagnose and localize primary endocrine tumours of the pancreas (mostly insulinoma and gastrinoma) which may not be detectable with other imaging modalities. Furthermore, endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration allows cytology and/or biopsy specimens to be obtained, that are crucial for clinicians in decision making. In the case of extrapancreatic endocrine tumours, which are often localized in the second and third part of the duodenum, endoscopic ultrasonography may have difficulty in localizing small and flat lesions. In this case, the initial step would be identification of duodenal nodules by duodenoscopy and thereafter, a catheter echoprobe can be inserted to identify the extent of submucosal lesion. Then gastroduodenal nodules found by endoscopy and confirmed by endoscopic ultrasonography can be removed endoscopically using the technique of mucosectomy. In the case of large pancreatic lesions, endoscopic tattoo with dye-India ink or methylene blue may become helpful for the surgeon to perform local resection via duodenostomy. PMID:10604125

Tio, T L

1999-10-01

123

Ultrasonography survey and thyroid cancer in the Fukushima Prefecture.  

PubMed

Thyroid cancer is one of the major health concerns after the accident in the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station (NPS). Currently, ultrasonography surveys are being performed for persons residing in the Fukushima Prefecture at the time of the accident with an age of up to 18 years. Here, the expected thyroid cancer prevalence in the Fukushima Prefecture is assessed based on an ultrasonography survey of Ukrainians, who were exposed at an age of up to 18 years to (131)I released during the Chernobyl NPS accident, and on differences in equipment and study protocol in the two surveys. Radiation risk of thyroid cancer incidence among survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and preliminary estimates of thyroid dose due to the Fukushima accident were used for the prediction of baseline and radiation-related thyroid cancer risks. We estimate a prevalence of thyroid cancer of 0.027 % (95 % CI 0.010 %; 0.050 %) for the first screening campaign in the Fukushima Prefecture. Compared with the incidence rate in Japan in 2007, the ultrasonography survey is predicted to increase baseline thyroid cancer incidence by a factor of 7.4 (95 % CI 0.95; 17.3). Under the condition of continued screening, thyroid cancer during the first fifty years after the accident is predicted to be detected for about 2 % of the screened population. The prediction of radiation-related thyroid cancer in the most exposed fraction (a few ten thousand persons) of the screened population of the Fukushima Prefecture has a large uncertainty with the best estimates of the average risk of 0.1-0.3 %, depending on average dose. PMID:24398917

Jacob, Peter; Kaiser, Jan Christian; Ulanovsky, Alexander

2014-05-01

124

Implications of the FDA statement on transvaginal placement of mesh: the aftermath.  

PubMed

The release of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) safety communication on the use of transvaginal mesh (TVM) for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has resulted in changes in the pelvic reconstruction community. This monograph reviews the implications of the FDA statements over the last 18-24 months. Recent findings show that there have been significant developments in the areas of regulatory mandates, media and medico-legal activity, and statements from surgical societies. In summary, well-publicized communications from the FDA and major medical organizations are defining a change in the use of TVM for POP. PMID:24384996

Koski, Michelle E; Rovner, Eric S

2014-02-01

125

Drug-Induced Thrombocytopenia following a Transvaginal Oocyte Retrieval for In Vitro Fertilization  

PubMed Central

Drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia has been associated with hundreds of medications and can lead to devastating consequences for the patient. We present a case of a healthy 33-year-old female undergoing in vitro fertilization who developed a severe drug-induced thrombocytopenia, petechiae, and a large hemoperitoneum after receiving Cefazolin antibiotic prophylaxis for a transvaginal oocyte retrieval. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit for resuscitation with blood products. The presence of drug-dependent platelet antibodies to Cefazolin was confirmed serologically.

Comstock, Ioanna A.; Longmire, Michelle; Aster, Richard H.; Milki, Amin A.

2015-01-01

126

Transvaginal Small Bowel Evisceration in Known Case of Uterine Prolapse Due to Trauma  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous transvaginal bowel evisceration is a rare surgical emergency with only a few cases reported and particularly postmenopausal, posthysterectomy, multiparous elderly women are considered to be at higher risk for development of bowel evisceration. It is difficult to manage such a patient for any surgeon and poses significant challenges especially intraoperatively. Here, we report a case of vaginal vault rupture with small bowel evisceration through the vagina in a known case of uterine prolapse and highlight the risk factors, clinical presentation, and treatment options for this rare surgical emergency PMID:25738028

Gheewala, Umesh; Shukla, Radha; Bhatt, Ravi; Srivastava, Shirish

2015-01-01

127

Comparison of ultrasonography-assisted closed reduction with conventional closed reduction for the treatment of acute nasal fractures.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography has often been reported to be a useful tool in cases of nasal fracture, not only for diagnosing such fractures but also for intraoperatively assessing surgical outcomes. In this study, we examined the utility of ultrasonography for intraoperatively assessing the results of surgery for acute nasal fractures. In the conventional group, the outcome of each fracture reduction procedure was intraoperatively confirmed by visual inspection and palpation. In the ultrasound group, intraoperative ultrasonography was used to assess the condition of the fracture before and after closed reduction. The outcomes of the reduction procedures and the reoperation rate were compared between the two groups. According to computed tomography-based evaluations, there were no significant differences in the outcomes of the reduction procedures between the two groups (p > 0.05). As for the reoperation rate, two patients (2.8%) in the conventional group underwent reoperations, but no patient (0%) required reoperations in the ultrasound group. However, the difference in the reoperation rate between the two groups was not significant (p > 0.05). These results indicate that visual inspection and palpation are as reliable as ultrasonography for intraoperatively assessing the outcomes of surgery for acute nasal fractures. Surgeons should not depend on ultrasonography alone, but rather should use it in addition to visual inspection and palpation. PMID:24934099

Yabe, Tetsuji; Tsuda, Tomoyuki; Hirose, Shunsuke; Ozawa, Toshiyuki; Kawai, Katsuya

2014-10-01

128

Intrauterine diagnosis of renal anomalies by ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The diagnosis of renal disease was made antenatally in three patients by ultrasonographic examination. In two cases a multicystic kidney was detected in utero and removed shortly after delivery. In another case, a hydronephrotic kidney was detected in utero; repair was then performed early, before symptoms developed in the infant. Antenatal diagnosis of renal disease by ultrasonography may help reduce morbidity and mortality in some cases. PMID:495596

Mendoza, S A; Griswold, W R; Leopold, G R; Kaplan, G W

1979-10-01

129

Mesh Exposure and Associated Risk Factors in Women Undergoing Transvaginal Prolapse Repair with Mesh  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine frequency, rate, and risk factors associated with mesh exposure in women undergoing transvaginal prolapse repair with polypropylene mesh. Methods. Retrospective chart review was performed for all women who underwent Prolift Pelvic Floor Repair System (Gynecare, Somerville, NJ) between September 2005 and September 2008. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for mesh exposure. Results. 201 women underwent Prolift. Mesh exposure occurred in 12% (24/201). Median time to mesh exposure was 62 days (range: 10–372). When mesh was placed in the anterior compartment, the frequency of mesh exposure was higher than that when mesh was placed in the posterior compartment (8.7% versus 2.9%, P = 0.04). Independent risk factors for mesh exposure were diabetes (AOR?=?7.7, 95% CI 1.6–37.6; P = 0.01) and surgeon (AOR?=?7.3, 95% CI 1.9–28.6; P = 0.004). Conclusion. Women with diabetes have a 7-fold increased risk for mesh exposure after transvaginal prolapse repair using Prolift. The variable rate of mesh exposure amongst surgeons may be related to technique. The anterior vaginal wall may be at higher risk of mesh exposure as compared to the posterior vaginal wall. PMID:24194763

Frankman, Elizabeth A.; Alperin, Marianna; Sutkin, Gary; Meyn, Leslie; Zyczynski, Halina M.

2013-01-01

130

Comparison of hysterosalpingography and transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy in patients with tubal factor infertility: a prospective cohort study  

PubMed Central

Aim To evaluate the usefulness, diagnostic accuracy, and cost-effectiveness of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) in infertile women with abnormal hysterosalpingogram (HSG) results without obvious pelvic pathology. Material and methods Thirty infertile women (age: 20–40 years) who had tubal pathology in HSG were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent THL instead of standard laparoscopy. A cost analysis was performed comparing HSG and THL methods. Results In comparison of the HSG of cases by considering the chromopertubation results by THL, the sensitivity and specificity of HSG were 85.1% and 56%, respectively. The reasons for preferring standard laparoscopy rather than THL were: failure in accessing of Douglas (n = 3), insufficient monitoring of pelvis (n = 1), hydrosalpinx (n = 1), and intense peritubal adhesion (n = 1), which were 10%, 3%, 3%, and 3%, respectively. The complication rate was 3.8%. Cost analysis of the procedures showed that the total cost of the THL group was 34.8% lower than the HSG group. Conclusions In the elective patients group, THL is more feasible than HSG. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy is effective, simple and safe, avoiding the cost, possible complications, time and postoperative patient discomfort compared to conventional laparoscopy. PMID:25097685

Uysal, Fatma; Sad?k, Salih; Güler, Ahmet; T?nar, ?ivekar; Ta?k?n, Ömür

2014-01-01

131

Development and practical applications of a method for repeated transvaginal, ultrasound-guided biopsy collection of the bovine ovary.  

PubMed

In response to the increasing research into primordial and preantral follicular dynamics, a device for transvaginal, ultrasound-guided biopsy collection of the bovine ovary was developed and tested. The new device is based upon a commercially available Ovum Pick-up instrument and consists of a modified needle guidance system, which has been equipped with a trocar needle and caries a 60 cm long true-cut biopsy needle. Biopsies are captured in a 20mm long and 2mm wide specimen notch. In the present experiment, 10 cows were subjected to a twice weekly biopsy regime over a four-week period. A total of 208 attempts at biopsy collection were made, and 141 tissue samples collected (success rate of 68%). Through histological and immunological analyses, these tissue samples have been shown to contain primordial and preantral follicles. At the end of the trial period, several of the donor cows were slaughtered at timed intervals, and the ovaries were harvested for assessment of the damage inflicted by the repeated biopsy procedure. Post mortem ovaries were inspected macroscopically and examined by conventional histological staining. In ovaries retrieved 2 days after the last biopsy session, blood clots were macroscopically apparent throughout the ovaries. Histological examination showed increased infiltration of red blood cells in the ovarian stroma. Analysis from ovaries collected at subsequent slaughter points revealed reduced infiltration of blood, and clear indications of resumed antral follicle development were apparent towards the end of the first month after the trial period. We conclude that the biopsy sampling technique is a repeatable procedure which could serve as a renewable source of primordial and preantral follicles for culture, and as an in vitro model for the study of preantral follicular dynamics. PMID:16054498

Aerts, Jan M J; Oste, Marijke; Bols, Peter E J

2005-09-01

132

Clinical and research applications of real-time ultrasonography in bovine reproduction: a review.  

PubMed Central

Transrectal real-time ultrasonography has proved to be a rapid and reliable technique for studying reproductive functions in cattle. Through ultrasonography it is now established that follicular growth occurs in wave-like patterns during each estrous cycle. It has been shown that follicular growth and regression continue during early pregnancy, as well as in the postpartum anestrous period. Ultrasound has also helped us to understand the influence of dominant follicles on medium and small follicles. Among the numerous demonstrated applications of ultrasonography, early pregnancy diagnosis, fetal sexing, and postpartum reproductive management appear to be promising areas for immediate application. The new information that has been generated through ultrasound has thrown light on hitherto poorly understood areas of ovarian follicular dynamics, corpus luteum function, pregnancy establishment, and embryonic development in cattle, thereby opening newer areas for research. Still there is great potential for the continued application of this technology to further our understanding of the reproductive processes and to maximize reproductive efficiency of the bovine species. The significant contributions of real-time ultrasonography to the study of bovine reproduction in general and its practical applications in particular are discussed in this paper. The need for taking up technology assessment studies and for the introduction of low-cost portable equipment are stressed. Literature search for this review was done by scanning Current Contents Series 1991-92, AGRICOLA 1980-92, and MEDLINE 1990-92. PMID:7994719

Rajamahendran, R; Ambrose, D J; Burton, B

1994-01-01

133

Transvaginal ultrasound  

MedlinePLUS

... Ramirez PT, Gershenson DM. Neoplastic diseases of the ovary: Screening, benign and malignant epithelial and germ cell neoplasms, sex-cord stromal tumors. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Katz ...

134

Endonasal ultrasonography-assisted neuroendoscopic transsphenoidal surgery.  

PubMed

We report endonasal ultrasonography (US)-assisted neuroendoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) in seven patients. With sagittal and coronal US images, internal carotid arteries, anterior cerebral arteries, residual tumor, and lateral ventricles were recognized, and the tumors were removed without leakage of cerebrospinal fluid in patients with pituitary adenoma. US images clearly depicted the carotid arteries, anterior cerebral arteries, middle cerebral arteries, chiasmatic cistern, and residual tumor. Endonasal US images can provide real-time animated information and may help neuroendoscopic TSS, whenever needed during TSS. PMID:25764108

Ishikawa, Mami; Ota, Yasushi; Yoshida, Naohiro; Iino, Yukiko; Tanaka, Yuichi; Watanabe, Eiju

2015-05-01

135

Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery: The transvaginal route moving forward from cholecystectomy  

PubMed Central

The advent of minimally invasive surgery and the advances in endoluminal flexible endoscopy have converged to generate a new concept in digestive surgery, whose acronym natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), has become a familiar term in the surgical community. NOTES has been performed through the mouth, the bladder, the rectum and the vagina. Of these four approaches, the vagina has gained most popularity for several reasons. It is not only readily accessible and easy to decontaminate but it also provides safe entry and simple closure. The transvaginal approach has been described in the experimental and the clinical setting as an option for cholecystectomy, nephrectomy, splenectomy, segmental gastrectomy, retroperitoneal exploration and bariatric surgery. However, larger series are needed to delineate the exact risks of this approach, and to transcend cultural barriers that impede its wider introduction. Prospective randomized trials will shed light on the definitive role of the vaginal approach in minimal invasive surgery of the future. PMID:21160871

Targarona, Eduardo M; Maldonado, Edgar Mauricio; Marzol, Jose Antonio; Marinello, Franco

2010-01-01

136

Adaptive sound speed correction for abdominal ultrasonography: preliminary results  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ultrasonography has been conducting a critical role in assessing abdominal disorders due to its noninvasive, real-time, low cost, and deep penetrating capabilities. However, for imaging obese patients with a thick fat layer, it is challenging to achieve appropriate image quality with a conventional beamforming (CON) method due to phase aberration caused by the difference between sound speeds (e.g., 1580 and 1450m/s for liver and fat, respectively). For this, various sound speed correction (SSC) methods that estimate the accumulated sound speed for a region-of interest (ROI) have been previously proposed. However, with the SSC methods, the improvement in image quality was limited only for a specific depth of ROI. In this paper, we present the adaptive sound speed correction (ASSC) method, which can enhance the image quality for whole depths by using estimated sound speeds from two different depths in the lower layer. Since these accumulated sound speeds contain the respective contributions of layers, an optimal sound speed for each depth can be estimated by solving contribution equations. To evaluate the proposed method, the phantom study was conducted with pre-beamformed radio-frequency (RF) data acquired with a SonixTouch research package (Ultrasonix Corp., Canada) with linear and convex probes from the gel pad-stacked tissue mimicking phantom (Parker Lab. Inc., USA and Model539, ATS, USA) whose sound speeds are 1610 and 1450m/s, respectively. From the study, compared to the CON and SSC methods, the ASSC method showed the improved spatial resolution and information entropy contrast (IEC) for convex and linear array transducers, respectively. These results indicate that the ASSC method can be applied for enhancing image quality when imaging obese patients in abdominal ultrasonography.

Jin, Sungmin; Kang, Jeeun; Song, Tai-Kyung; Yoo, Yangmo

2013-03-01

137

Ultrasonography: an important tool in captive breeding management in elephants and rhinoceroses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly two decades ago, modern wildlife medicine started to gradually use the advantages of the non-invasive ultrasonography,\\u000a which was already well established in human and classical veterinary medicine. For more than one decade now, the application\\u000a of imaging ultrasound for reproductive assessments and as a supportive tool during assisted reproduction procedures such as\\u000a artificial insemination (AI) in elephants and rhinoceroses

Thomas B. Hildebrandt; Frank Göritz; Robert Hermes

2006-01-01

138

Preoperative Hemodialysis Fistula Evaluation: Angiography, Ultrasonography and Other Studies, Are They Useful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There is increasing emphasis on optimizing fistula use for end-stage renal disease patients. Although early referral and strategies for vein preservation are clearly important, imaging modalities have assumed an ever-increasing role in preoperative vascular access assessment and management. Methods\\/Results: Review of available literature demonstrates angiography and ultrasonography provide anatomic information useful in diagnostic decisionmaking in many clinical settings. Targeted

W. Weitzel

2008-01-01

139

Sensitivity of ultrasonography in detecting renal parenchymal defects: 6 years’ follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

While 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scanning is still considered the most accurate method for the assessment of renal parenchymal\\u000a defects (RPDs), our study 6 years previously suggested that ultrasonography (US) could be a safe and efficient substitute\\u000a for this purpose, provided that it is reliably performed and that renal function parameters are followed. By comparison of\\u000a the original and follow-up study data

Tanja Kersnik Levart; Damjana Klju?evšek; Anton Kenig; Rajko B. Kenda

2009-01-01

140

Acute flank pain: comparison of unenhanced helical CT and ultrasonography in detecting causes other than ureterolithiasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Several conditions can clinically mimic renal colic. We assessed the accuracy of non-contrast-enhanced helical CT and of\\u000a ultrasonography (US) in offering an alternative explanation for flank pain. In a 3-year period, 181 patients with acute flank\\u000a pain underwent US and non-contrast-enhanced helical CT in a blinded sequence. Their efficacy in detecting both alternative\\u000a causes of pain and additional findings

Orlando Catalano; Antonio Nunziata; Fabio Sandomenico; Alfredo Siani

2002-01-01

141

Point-of-Care Ultrasonography by Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physicians.  

PubMed

Emergency physicians have used point-of-care ultrasonography since the 1990s. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians have more recently adopted this technology. Point-of-care ultrasonography is used for various scenarios, particularly the evaluation of soft tissue infections or blunt abdominal trauma and procedural guidance. To date, there are no published statements from national organizations specifically for pediatric emergency physicians describing the incorporation of point-of-care ultrasonography into their practice. This document outlines how pediatric emergency departments may establish a formal point-of-care ultrasonography program. This task includes appointing leaders with expertise in point-of-care ultrasonography, effectively training and credentialing physicians in the department, and providing ongoing quality assurance reviews. PMID:25825532

Marin, Jennifer R; Lewiss, Resa E

2015-04-01

142

Staging of Pancreatic Head Adenocarcinoma with Spiral CT and Endoscopic Ultrasonography: An Indirect Evaluation of the Usefulness of Laparoscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The interest of laparoscopy in the preoperative staging of pancreatic head adenocarcinoma before curative pancreaticoduodenectomy is a matter of controversy and depends on the accuracy of preoperative imaging techniques. Aim: To assess the potential value of laparoscopy when a standardised and optimal preoperative staging is performed, including spiral computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). Methods: All consecutive patients

Frédérique Maire; Alain Sauvanet; Florence Trivin; Pascal Hammel; Dermot O’Toole; Laurent Palazzo; Valérie Vilgrain; Jacques Belghiti; Philippe Ruszniewski; Philippe Levy

2004-01-01

143

Alternative models in genetic analyses of carcass traits measured by ultrasonography in Guzerá cattle: A Bayesian approach  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective was to study alternative models for genetic analyses of carcass traits assessed by ultrasonography in Guzerá cattle. Data from 947 measurements (655 animals) of Rib-eye area (REA), rump fat thickness (RFT) and backfat thickness (BFT) were used. Finite polygenic models (FPM), infinitesi...

144

Value of duplex and color doppler ultrasonography in the evaluation of orbital vascular flow and resistance in sickle cell disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to assess and to compare the orbital and retinal vascular flow dynamics and resistance in patients with homozygous sickle cell disease with controls by means of duplex and color Doppler ultrasonography. Forty-six patients with homozygous sickle cell disease (SCD) and 20 healthy subjects were included in the study. None of the patients had

Kairgeldy Aikimbaev; Birol Guvenc; Abdullah Canataroglu; Hatice Canataroglu; Fikri Baslamisli; Mahmut Oguz

2001-01-01

145

Ultrasonography of subcoracoid bursal impingement syndrome.  

PubMed

Subcoracoid impingement syndrome with bursitis is an underrecognized cause of anterior shoulder pain. It usually presents with pain around the coracoid process and a positive impingement test with shoulder adduction, forward flexion, and internal rotation. The pain is mediated by impingement of soft tissues such as the subcoracoid bursa or subscapularis tendon between the coracoid process and humerus. Ultrasonography (US) can be useful in the evaluation of subcoracoid bursal impingement syndrome because of its high resolution capacity and the use of dynamic maneuvers. In this case series, we present 3 patients with subcoracoid impingement syndrome with bursitis diagnosed with in-office US. This case series illustrates the application of US in the evaluation of anterior shoulder pain with subcoracoid bursal impingement syndrome. PMID:25289838

Drakes, Shane; Thomas, Sunil; Kim, Sooyeon; Guerrero, Luis; Lee, Se Won

2015-03-01

146

Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography: Precautions and contraindications.  

PubMed

In recent years ultrasonography (US) has emerged as the imaging technique of choice for guiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including those related to the musculoskeletal system. However, the absence of ionizing radiation and the elevated safety of the method must not lead us to forget that there are precautions and contraindications to keep in mind, which are crucial to the protection of both the patient and the physician.Among these precautions it is first of all essential to obtain the patient's accurate clinical history including current medication, particularly if it involves drugs influencing the blood clotting, and information related to possible allergies. The patient should furthermore receive detailed information concerning the procedure (sterile precautions as well as possible side-effects of the drugs which will be injected). In addition to this, there must be a close contact between the radiologist and the patient's general physician (GP) in order to obtain the best possible result of the procedure. PMID:23396633

Draghi, F; Robotti, G; Jacob, D; Bianchi, S

2010-09-01

147

Fatty meal ultrasonography in chronic acalculous cholecystitis  

PubMed Central

Chronic acalculous cholecystits typically presents with biliary symptoms, normal blood tests and unremarkable ultrasound, computerized tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. However, cholescintigraphy may show reduced gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). There are no reports on using ultrasound to measure GBEF in adults. Twenty-eight patients with the above presentation underwent ultrasound before and after ingestion of a standardized fatty meal. Consequently, GBEF was calculated. Seven patients had reduced GBEFs (<38%). Two of these patients underwent cholecystectomy and both were found to have chronic gallbladder inflammation. Three patients with normal GBEFs underwent cholecystectomy and were also found to have chronic gallbladder inflammation. There may be a role for fatty meal ultrasonography in the diagnosis of chronic acalculous cholecystitis, but it should be used more widely in this patient cohort for its role to be established. It ideally needs to performed alongside cholescintigraphy for the comparison of accuracy. PMID:25409675

Donen, Anna; Kantor, Robin

2014-01-01

148

Diagnosis of pancreatic tumors by endoscopic ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic tumors are highly diverse, as they can be solid or cystic, and benign or malignant. Since their imaging features overlap considerably, it is often difficult to characterize these tumors. In addition, small pancreatic tumors, especially those less than 2 cm in diameter, are difficult to detect and diagnose. For characterizing pancreatic tumors and detecting small pancreatic tumors, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is the most sensitive of the imaging procedures currently available. This technique also provides good results in terms of the preoperative staging of pancreatic tumors. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) has also proved to be a safe and useful method for tissue sampling of pancreatic tumors. Despite these advantages, however, it is still difficult to differentiate between benign and malignant, solid or cystic pancreatic tumors, malignant neoplasms, and chronic pancreatitis using EUS, even when EUS-FNA is performed. Recently, contrast-enhanced EUS with Doppler mode (CE-EUS) employing ultrasound contrast agents, which indicate vascularization in pancreatic lesions, has been found to be useful in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumors, especially small pancreatic tumors. However, Doppler ultrasonography with contrast-enhancement has several limitations, including blooming artifacts, poor spatial resolution, and low sensitivity to slow flow. Consequently, an echoendoscope was developed recently that has a broad-band transducer and an imaging mode that was designed specifically for contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CEH-EUS) with a second-generation ultrasound contrast agent. The CEH-EUS technique is expected to improve the differential diagnosis of pancreatic disease in the future. This review describes the EUS appearances of common solid and cystic pancreatic masses, the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA, and the relative efficacies and advantages of CE-EUS and CEH-EUS along with their relative advantages and their complementary roles in clinical practice. PMID:21160578

Sakamoto, Hiroki; Kitano, Masayuki; Kamata, Ken; El-Masry, Muhammad; Kudo, Masatoshi

2010-01-01

149

Different patterns of nerve enlargement in polyneuropathy subtypes as detected by ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The purpose of our study was to examine how the pathologic type of polyneuropathy affects nerve size as assessed by high-resolution ultrasonography with a 15 MHz transducer. Cross-sectional area (CSA) of the C5-C7 nerve roots and several upper and lower limb nerves at multiple sites was measured in 38 patients with acquired diffuse sensorimotor demyelinating or axonal polyneuropathy and in 34 healthy control subjects. Significant differences were found among the groups for all nerve and root segments: Both types of polyneuropathy are characterized by nerve enlargement in comparison to controls, but in different patterns. In demyelinating polyneuropathies, an additional degree of nerve thickening appears in proximal upper limb nerves and cervical nerve roots compared with axonal polyneuropathies. With respect to the other nerves, a similar degree of nerve enlargement was observed in both patient groups. These results highlight that ultrasonography may be a complementary tool in differentiating polyneuropathies. PMID:24613217

Scheidl, Erika; Böhm, Josef; Simó, Magdolna; Bereznai, Benjamin; Bereczki, Dániel; Arányi, Zsuzsanna

2014-06-01

150

Efficacy of transvaginal biofeedback and electrical stimulation in women with urinary urgency and frequency and associated pelvic floor muscle spasm.  

PubMed

Women with urinary urgency and frequency may also have pelvic floor muscle spasm. Transvaginal biofeedback (TVBF) and electrical stimulation (EStim) is a treatment modality that has been used to treat vaginismus and chronic pelvic pain. In this study, TVBF/EStim was evaluated in women with pelvic floor muscle spasm associated with urinary symptoms. Fifty-two women underwent therapy with TVBF/EStim and reported a mean symptom improvement of 64.5%. PMID:19579410

Bendaña, Emma E; Belarmino, James M; Dinh, Jenny H; Cook, Cynthia L; Murray, Brian P; Feustel, Paul J; De, Elise J B

2009-01-01

151

Dyspareunia and chronic pelvic pain after polypropylene mesh augmentation for transvaginal repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synthetic mesh augmentations for pelvic floor reconstructive surgeries are increasing in usage and popularity. Many studies\\u000a are focusing on the anatomical success rates of transvaginal anterior compartment repairs with synthetic mesh, with minimal\\u000a attention on its postoperative complications. We present a case report on a 59-year-old postmenopausal woman who underwent\\u000a an anterior repair with 6×4-cm polypropylene mesh. Postoperatively, she developed

Lawrence L. Lin; Alexandra L. Haessler; Matt H. Ho; Lance H. Betson; Red M. Alinsod; Narender N. Bhatia

2007-01-01

152

Diagnostic value of single complete compression ultrasonography in pregnant and postpartum women with suspected deep vein thrombosis: prospective study  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the safety of using single complete compression ultrasonography in pregnant and postpartum women to rule out deep vein thrombosis. Design Prospective outcome study. Setting Two tertiary care centres and 18 private practices specialising in vascular medicine in France and Switzerland. Participants 226 pregnant and postpartum women referred for suspected deep vein thrombosis. Methods A single proximal and distal compression ultrasonography was performed. All women with a negative complete compression ultrasonography result did not receive anticoagulant therapy and were followed up for a three month period. Main outcome measures Symptoms of venous thromboembolism, second compression ultrasonography or chest imaging, a thromboembolic event, and anticoagulant treatment. Results 16 women were excluded, mainly because of associated suspected pulmonary embolism. Deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed in 22 out of the 210 included women (10.5%). 10 patients received full dose anticoagulation despite a negative test result during follow-up. Of the 177 patients without deep vein thrombosis and who did not receive full dose anticoagulant therapy, two (1.1%, 95% confidence interval 0.3% to 4.0%) had an objectively confirmed deep vein thrombosis during follow-up. Conclusions The rate of venous thromboembolic events after single complete compression ultrasonography in pregnant and postpartum women seems to be within the range of that observed in studies in the non-pregnant population. These data suggest that a negative single complete compression ultrasonography result may safely exclude the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in this setting. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT00740454. PMID:22531869

2012-01-01

153

Design of miniaturized illumination for transvaginal co-registered photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging  

PubMed Central

A novel lens-array based illumination design for a compact co-registered photoacoustic/ultrasound transvaginal probe has been demonstrated. The lens array consists of four cylindrical lenses that couple the laser beams into four 1-mm-core multi-mode optical fibers with optical coupling efficiency of ~87%. The feasibility of our lens array was investigated by simulating the lenses and laser beam profiles using Zemax. The laser fluence on the tissue surface was experimentally measured and was below the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) safety limit. Spatial distribution of hemoglobin oxygen saturation (sO2) of a mouse tumor was obtained in vivo using photoacoustic measurements at multiple wavelengths. Furthermore, benign and malignant ovaries were imaged ex vivo and evaluated histologically. The co-registered images clearly showed different patterns of blood vasculature. These results highlight the clinical potential of our system for noninvasive photoacoustic and ultrasound imaging of ovarian tissue and cancer detection and diagnosis. PMID:25401021

Salehi, Hassan S.; Wang, Tianheng; Kumavor, Patrick D.; Li, Hai; Zhu, Quing

2014-01-01

154

A phenomenological study to explore the experiences of Ugandan women that have undergone transvaginal ultrasound  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is an important examination of the female pelvis that involves the transducer being inserted into the vagina to obtain more detailed images of the pelvic organs. Unfortunately, this examination has received mixed experiences from the women who have undergone it. This study set out to explore the lived experiences of Ugandan women who have undergone TVUS. Methods It was a phenomenological exploratory study involving 20 women in Uganda that had previously undergone TVUS. Data were collected using in-depth individual interviews. The responses from the women were audio-recorded and later transcribed. Thematic analysis was used to interpret and make meaning of the data collected. Results Analysis of data revealed mostly negative experiences of the women who were included in this study. Key words from the participating women that illustrated the negative experiences included: fear, vulnerability, guilt, anxiety and embarrassment. It was also observed that these initial negative experiences are likely to reduce the women's acceptability and compliance to TVUS even when it is needed for better clinical management. Data were categorised into the following three thematic areas: (1) broken communication, (2) anxiety and discomfort and (3) cultural influence. Conclusion Women in this study portrayed negative experiences of undergoing TVUS. Key suggestions like informed consent are recommended to improve compliance of the women to this type of procedure.

Mubuuke, Aloysius Gonzaga

2014-01-01

155

Acute diverticulitis of the terminal ileum: ultrasonography and CT findings  

PubMed Central

We describe a rare case of terminal ileal diverticulitis in a 68-year-old female with a day of history Epub ahead of print of right lower quadrant pain and tenderness, mimicking acute appendicitis. Ultrasonography revealed small sac-like out-pouching lesions with increased echogenicity of surrounding fat in thickened terminal ileum, suggesting inflamed diverticula. We diagnosed terminal ileal diverticulitis primarily by ultrasonography. The diagnosis was confirmed by subsequent computed tomography. PMID:25475648

2015-01-01

156

Ultrasonography of Intra-abdominal Cystic Lesions in the Newborn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intra-abdominal cystic lesions are increasingly recognized in the newborn because of the advent of routine antenatal ultrasonography. As these lesions are often asymptomatic or non-specific in clinical presentation in the newborn, imaging by ultrasonography has an important role in diagnosis. We present a pictorial review of the commonly encountered intra-abdominal cystic lesions in the newborn, with emphasis on ultrasonographic features

P. L Khong; S. C. W Cheung; L. L. Y Leong; C. G. C Ooi

2003-01-01

157

Periportal fibrosis and other liver ultrasonography findings in vinyl chloride workers  

PubMed Central

Aims: To investigate the presence of liver lesions and their relation with vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) exposure or other personal risk factors, in workers involved in the production of VCM and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Methods: A liver ultrasonography examination was conducted in 757 workers, some of whom had long standing service in the production of VCM and PVC. The study involved: assessment of individual past and present VCM exposure of each worker; collection of past personal health history, lifestyle and personal data; routine liver function tests; and liver ultrasonography. Results: No cases of liver malignancies were detected. Angiomas and liver cysts were found with a frequency of occurrence within the expected range of the general population. The main findings consisted of hepatomegaly (34.7%), steatosis (31.8%), and periportal fibrosis (16.0%). A logistic regression analysis indicated that hepatomegaly and steatosis were associated with obesity and lipid metabolism disturbances and not with VCM exposure. Periportal fibrosis, in addition to constitutional or dietary factors, was shown to be associated with VCM exposure, but only when maximum exposure in the subject's history had been at least 200 ppm as a yearly average; no effects were observed at 50 ppm or below. Conclusions: Workers exposed to 200 ppm VCM for at least one year have a fourfold increased risk of developing periportal liver fibrosis. Liver ultrasonography is a suitable and important diagnostic test for the medical surveillance of vinyl chloride workers. PMID:12499459

Maroni, M; Mocci, F; Visentin, S; Preti, G; Fanetti, A

2003-01-01

158

Co-registered spectral photoacoustic tomography and ultrasonography of breast cancer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many breast cancer patients receive neoadjuvant treatment to reduce tumor size and enable breast conserving therapy. Most imaging methods used to monitor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy or hormone therapy depend on overall gross tumor morphology and size measurements, which may not be sensitive or specific, despite tumor response on a cellular level. A more sensitive and specific method of detecting response to therapy might allow earlier adjustments in treatment, and thus result in better outcomes while avoiding unnecessary morbidity. We developed an imaging system that combines spectral photoacoustic tomography and ultrasonography to predict breast neoadjuvant therapeutic response based on blood volume and blood oxygenation contrast. The system consists of a tunable dye laser pumped by a Nd:YAG laser, a commercial ultrasound imaging system (Philips iU22), and a multichannel data acquisition system which displays co-registered photoacoustic and ultrasound images in real time. Early studies demonstrate functional imaging capabilities, such as oxygen saturation and total concentration of hemoglobin, in addition to ultrasonography of tumor morphology. Further study is needed to determine if the co-registered photoacoustic tomography and ultrasonography system may provide an accurate tool to assess treatment efficacy by monitoring tumor response in vivo.

Ke, Haixin; Erpelding, Todd N.; Garcia-Uribe, Alejandro; Jacobs, Eileen; Holley, Susan; Monsees, Barbara; Wang, Lihong V.

2014-03-01

159

[Transverse testicular ectopia confirmed by ultrasonography].  

PubMed

Two newborn boys aged 2 and 3 months with unilateral inguinal hernia and a contralateral impalpable, non-scrotal testis, and a third boy aged 2.5 years with an impalpable non-scrotal testis were found to have transverse testicular ectopia. This is an uncommon abnormality in which both gonads migrate toward the same hemiscrotum. We illustrate that unilateral cryptorchidism and a contralateral inguinal hernia may indicate the presence of a rare type of male pseudohermaphroditism: persistent müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS). This syndrome is characterized by the presence of a uterus and fallopian tubes associated with abdominal testes and frequently inguinal hernia in a phenotypically and genotypically normal male. This syndrome is often discovered during repair of inguinal hernia or non-descended testes (cryptorchidism). Pre-operative ultrasonography in children with impalpable non-scrotal testis and a contralateral inguinal hernia (patent processus vaginalis) may enable an early diagnosis of transverse testicular ectopia and proper surgical planning. Surgical orchidopexy was carried out and in the first two patients resection of the müllerian duct remnant (utriculus masculinus). PMID:20170567

Lasfar, Wafae; van den Bosch, Ronald T A; Pot, Dirk Jan; Klijn, Aart J; de Wildt, Michel J A M; Gratama, Jan Willem C

2010-01-01

160

Interventional musculoskeletal ultrasonography: Precautions and contraindications  

PubMed Central

In recent years ultrasonography (US) has emerged as the imaging technique of choice for guiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures including those related to the musculoskeletal system. However, the absence of ionizing radiation and the elevated safety of the method must not lead us to forget that there are precautions and contraindications to keep in mind, which are crucial to the protection of both the patient and the physician. Among these precautions it is first of all essential to obtain the patient’s accurate clinical history including current medication, particularly if it involves drugs influencing the blood clotting, and information related to possible allergies. The patient should furthermore receive detailed information concerning the procedure (sterile precautions as well as possible side-effects of the drugs which will be injected). In addition to this, there must be a close contact between the radiologist and the patient’s general physician (GP) in order to obtain the best possible result of the procedure. PMID:23396633

Draghi, F.; Robotti, G.; Jacob, D.; Bianchi, S.

2010-01-01

161

Imaging in juvenile idiopathic arthritis with a focus on ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Early therapeutic intervention and use of new highly efficacious treatments have improved the outcome in many patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), but have also led to the need for more precise methods to evaluate disease activity. In adult rheumatology, numerous studies have established the importance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography (US), and MRI is considered the reference standard. Nevertheless, due to differences in disease characteristics and the unique features of the growing skeleton, the findings obtained in adults are not directly applicable to children and adolescents. For paediatric patients, US offers specific advantages over MRI, because it is non-invasive, does not require sedation or general anesthesia (which facilitates repeated examinations for follow-up), is quickly accessible bedside, and is easy to combine with clinical assessment (interactivity). Agitation of the patient is rarely a problem, and hence young children can be seated on a parent's lap or play while being examined, and multiple locations can be assessed during a single session. Furthermore, modern high-frequency US transducers used by experienced US examiners can provide unsurpassed resolution of the superficial musculoskeletal structures in children. US is also the best available technique for imaging guidance of steroid injections. Unfortunately, there are still no validated MRI or US scoring systems for evaluating inflammatory and joint damage abnormalities in JIA, and few US studies have been conducted. Sonographic assessment of disease activity has, however, been proven to be more informative than clinical examination and is also readily available at points of care. This review summarises the literature on imaging in JIA, focusing on US and the important role this technique will play in JIA in the future. PMID:23294536

Laurell, Louise; Court-Payen, Michel; Boesen, Mikael; Fasth, Anders

2013-01-01

162

The diagnostic accuracy of bedside ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  

PubMed

The diagnostic accuracy of emergency department (ED) ocular ultrasonography may be sufficient for diagnosing retinal detachment. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of ED ocular ultrasonography for the diagnosis of retinal detachment. This review conformed to the recommendations from the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology statement. An experienced medical librarian searched the following databases from their inception, without language restrictions: Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Emergency Medical Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Content experts were contacted and bibliographies of relevant studies were reviewed to identify additional references. Evidence quality was independently assessed by 2 investigators using the revised Quality Assessment Tool for Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2). Discrepancies were resolved by consensus or adjudication by a third reviewer. Diagnostic test characteristics were summarized and reported with 95% confidence intervals. Of 7,771 unique citations identified, 78 were selected for full-text review, resulting in 4 trials assessed for quality. Agreement between authors' QUADAS-2 scoring was good (?=0.63). Three trials were deemed to have a low risk of bias. They enrolled ED-based patients (N=201) and evaluated clinician-performed bedside ocular ultrasonography, using either a 7.5- or 10-MHz linear-array probe. Two trials included patients who had retinal detachment from trauma. The prevalence of retinal detachment ranged from 15% to 38%. Sensitivity and specificity ranged from 97% to 100% and 83% to 100%, respectively. The results of the bedside ocular ultrasonography were compared with the reference standard of an ophthalmologic evaluation; one trial also included orbital computed tomography findings suggestive of retinal detachment. Bedside ocular ultrasonography has a high degree of accuracy in identifying retinal detachment, according to 3 small prospective investigations. Larger prospective validation of these findings would be valuable. PMID:24680547

Vrablik, Michael E; Snead, Gregory R; Minnigan, Hal J; Kirschner, Jonathan M; Emmett, Thomas W; Seupaul, Rawle A

2015-02-01

163

A transvaginal ultrasonic approach to elimination of singleton pregnancy in the mare: application to reduction of twin pregnancy  

E-print Network

transrectal ultrasonography for one week following treatment and weekly for three additional weeks. Intrauterine endoscopic examinations were performed on all mares with non-viable fetuses 30 days following treatment to identify and retrieve mummified fetuses...

Macpherson, Margo Lee

1994-01-01

164

Transvaginal ultrasound-guided local methotrexate administration as the first-line treatment for cesarean scar pregnancy: Follow-up of 18 cases.  

PubMed

Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy, which occurs in previous cesarean section scar tissue, with an incidence of 1 in 1800-3000 pregnancies. Transvaginal ultrasound-guided local methotrexate (MTX) administration presents as a non-systemic option with possible better penetration to the pregnancy site. We present the management of 18 patients with CSP solely by transvaginal ultrasound-guided local MTX administration. All patients were treated with local MTX with a dose of 50?mg/m(2) . Eleven (61.1%) of the patients did not need any further intervention. Four patients (22.2%) were treated with additional single-dose systemic MTX due to inadequate alteration in blood ?-human chorionic gonadotrophin levels. Three patients (16.7%) required hysteroscopy and/or laparotomy. We suggest that transvaginal ultrasound-guided local MTX treatment may be considered as a first-line treatment for CSP. PMID:25491022

Cok, Tayfun; Kalayci, Hakan; Ozdemir, Halis; Haydardedeoglu, Bulent; Parlakgumus, Ayse H; Tarim, Ebru

2014-12-10

165

Evaluation of bovine luteal blood flow by using color Doppler ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Since luteal vascularization plays a decisive role for the function of the corpus luteum (CL), the investigation of luteal blood flow (LBF) might give valuable information about the physiology and patho-physiology of the CL. To quantify LBF, usually Power mode color Doppler ultrasonography is used. This method detects the number of red blood cells moving through the vessels and shows them as color pixels on the B-mode image of the CL. The area of color pixels is measured with computer-assisted image analysis software and is used as a semiquantitative parameter for the assessment of LBF. Although Power mode is superior for the evaluation of LBF compared to conventional color Doppler ultrasonography, which detects the velocity of blood cells, it is still not sufficiently sensitive to detect the blood flow in the small vessels in the center of the bovine CL. Therefore, blood flow can only be measured in the bigger luteal vessels in the outer edge of the CL. Color Doppler ultrasonographic studies of the bovine estrous cycle have shown that plasma progesterone (P4) concentration can be more reliably predicted by LBF than by luteal size (LS), especially during the CL regression. During the midluteal phase, cows with low P4 level showed smaller CL, but LBF, related to LS, did not differ between cows with low and high P4 levels. In contrast to non-pregnant cows, a significant rise in LBF was observed three weeks after insemination in pregnant cows. However, LBF was not useful for an early pregnancy diagnosis due to high LBF variation among cows. When the effects of an acute systemic inflammation and exogenous hormones on the CL are examined, the LBF determination is more sensitive than LS assessment. In conclusion, color Doppler ultrasonography of the bovine CL provides additional information on luteal function compared to measurements of LS and plasma P4, but its value as a parameter concerning assessment of fertility in cows has to be clarified. PMID:24856468

Lüttgenau, J; Bollwein, H

2014-04-01

166

Is Sonographic Assessment of the Cervix Necessary and Helpful?  

PubMed Central

Transvaginal sonography of the cervix has emerged as a useful window onto preterm parturition. Cervical sonography allows measurements of cervical length which can aid clinicians in identifying women at risk for preterm birth. The use of transvaginal assessments of cervical length can assist in the triage of patients with possible preterm labor. Recent studies also support the use of cervical length measurements as a means of determining appropriate candidates for cerclage placement and progesterone supplementation to reduce the risk of premature birth, further highlighting the importance of this modality in modern obstetric management. PMID:22343248

Larma, Joel D.; Iams, Jay D.

2012-01-01

167

Diagnosis of aortic aneurysms by scintigraphy and ultrasonography  

SciTech Connect

Angioscintigraphy, performed on 50 patients suspected of aortic aneurysm and complemented by abdominal ultrasonography in 31 cases, disclosed: - Three cases of thoracic aortic aneurysm, 2 of which were confirmed by arteriography and surgery. It was impossible to perform surgery in the third case, no arteriography was done. Strict agreement with standard thoracic images had made the angioscintigraphic diagnosis seem correct. Twenty-seven cases of abdominal aortic aneurysms were confirmed by arteriography or surgery. Ultrasonography disclosed an abdominal aortic aneurysm in 26 cases, 20 of which were confirmed. The agreement of the two procedures in 10 unconfirmed cases led us to consider the diagnosis as correct. Angioscintigraphy appears to be a reliable procedure for detecting thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. Ultrasonography is the simplest and least costly procedure for study of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Caille, G. (Centre Hospitalier, Saint-Nazaire (France)); Chatal, J.F.; Tellier, J.L.; Talmant, C.; Guihard, R. (Centre Rene-Gauducheau, 44 - Nantes (France))

1981-10-01

168

Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Syphilis Using Two- and Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography: Case Report  

PubMed Central

The numbers of syphilis cases have been increasing considerably, especially in eastern europe, thereby contributing towards greater chances of cases of congenital syphilis. Some of the complications of congenital syphilis can be detected on two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS), and these are generally manifested in the second trimester of pregnancy. The commonest ultrasonographic signs are hepatosplenomegaly, placentomegaly, and fetal growth restriction, while lower-frequency occurrences include intrahepatic calcifications, ascites, fetal hydrops, and even fetal death. Three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) is a relatively new imaging technique that is adjuvant to 2DUS and enables detailed assessment of the fetal surface anatomy. We present a case of a 21-year-old primigravida with a diagnosis of congenital syphilis, with obstetric 2DUS findings of hepatosplenomegaly, ascites, pericardial effusion and hyperechogenicity of the cerebral parenchyma. 3DUS in rendering mode allowed clear assessment of the fetal limbs, especially the feet, which appeared twisted and lacked some toes. It allowed the parents to understand the pathological condition better and improved prenatal management and neonatal followup. 3DUS can be used routinely for assessing fetal malformations resulting from congenital infections. PMID:22957281

Araujo Júnior, Edward; Martins Santana, Eduardo Felix; Rolo, Liliam Cristine; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes

2012-01-01

169

Ultrasonography and computed tomography of inflammatory abdominal wall lesions  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-four patients with inflammatory lesions of the abdominal wall were examined by ultrasonography. Nine of these patients underwent computed tomographic (CT) scanning as well. Both ultrasonography and CT clearly delineated the exact location and extent of abdominal wall abscesses. Abscesses were easily differentiated from cellulitis or phlegmon with ultrasound. The peritoneal line was more clearly delineated on ultrasonograms than on CT scans; abscesses were also more distinct on the ultrasonograms because of their low echogenicity compared with the surrounding structures. Gas bubbles, fat density with specific low attenuation values, and underlying inflamed bowel loops in obese patients with Crohn's disease were better delineated by CT.

Yeh, H.C.; Rabinowitz, J.G.

1982-09-01

170

Transvaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Stage III and Stage IV Uterovaginal and Vault Prolapse.  

PubMed

The result of transvaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation technique, as part of the vaginal repair procedure for massive uterovaginal (Pelvic Organ Prolapse stage III and stage IV and vault prolapse) is evaluated. A total of 32 women were included in the present case series. Marked uterovaginal prolapse was present in 28 women and four had vault prolapse following hysterectomy. Patients with vault prolapse and marked uterovaginal prolapse underwent sacrospinous colpopexy. The mean follow-up period was 2.5 years. Out of the 28 patients with previous marked uterovaginal prolapse, only one had small cystocele 3 years after the surgery. This patient was asymptomatic and did not require repeat surgery. One woman had post-operative urinary tract infection and two had buttock discomfort, one had ischiorectal abscess and two had cuff cellulitis. All complications were dealt with successfully. No other major intra- and post-operative complications occurred. Transvaginal sacrospinous colpopexy can be performed together with vaginal hysterectomy, with marked uterovaginal prolapse and vault prolapse. PMID:25648154

Gupta, Pratiksha

2015-01-01

171

Transvaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Stage III and Stage IV Uterovaginal and Vault Prolapse  

PubMed Central

The result of transvaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation technique, as part of the vaginal repair procedure for massive uterovaginal (Pelvic Organ Prolapse stage III and stage IV and vault prolapse) is evaluated. A total of 32 women were included in the present case series. Marked uterovaginal prolapse was present in 28 women and four had vault prolapse following hysterectomy. Patients with vault prolapse and marked uterovaginal prolapse underwent sacrospinous colpopexy. The mean follow-up period was 2.5 years. Out of the 28 patients with previous marked uterovaginal prolapse, only one had small cystocele 3 years after the surgery. This patient was asymptomatic and did not require repeat surgery. One woman had post-operative urinary tract infection and two had buttock discomfort, one had ischiorectal abscess and two had cuff cellulitis. All complications were dealt with successfully. No other major intra- and post-operative complications occurred. Transvaginal sacrospinous colpopexy can be performed together with vaginal hysterectomy, with marked uterovaginal prolapse and vault prolapse. PMID:25648154

Gupta, Pratiksha

2015-01-01

172

Transvaginal 3D Image-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this project is to develop a transvaginal image-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) device using piezocomposite HIFU array technology, and commercially-available ultrasound imaging. Potential applications include treatment of uterine fibroids and abnormal uterine bleeding. The HIFU transducer was an annular phased array, with a focal length range of 30-60 mm, an elliptically-shaped aperture of 35×60 mm, and an operating frequency of 3 MHz. A pillow-shaped bag with water circulation will be used for coupling the HIFU energy into the tissue. An intra-cavity imaging probe (C9-5, Philips) was integrated with the HIFU array such that the focal axis of the HIFU transducer was within the image plane. The entire device will be covered by a gel-filled condom when inserted in the vaginal cavity. To control it, software packages were developed in the LabView programming environment. An imaging algorithm processed the ultrasound image to remove noise patterns due to the HIFU signal. The device will be equipped with a three-dimensional tracking system, using a six-degrees-of-freedom articulating arm. Necrotic lesions were produced in a tissue-mimicking phantom and a turkey breast sample for all focal lengths. Various HIFU doses allow various necrotic lesion shapes, including thin ellipsoidal, spherical, wide cylindrical, and teardrop-shaped. Software control of the device allows multiple foci to be activated sequentially for desired lesion patterns. Ultrasound imaging synchronization can be achieved using hardware signals obtained from the imaging system, or software signals determined empirically for various imaging probes. The image-guided HIFU device will provide a valuable tool in visualization of uterine fibroid tumors for the purposes of planning and subsequent HIFU treatment of the tumor, all in a 3D environment. The control system allows for various lesions of different shapes to be optimally positioned in the tumor to cover the entire tumor volume. Real-time ultrasound imaging for guidance and monitoring of HIFU treatment provides an effective method for outpatient-based procedures.

Held, Robert; Nguyen, Thuc Nghi; Vaezy, Shahram

2005-03-01

173

Is Ultrasonography Useful in the Diagnosis of Nasolabial Cyst?  

PubMed Central

Nasolabial cysts are nonodontogenic cysts that occur beneath the ala nasi. Its pathogenesis is uncertain. Because the nasolabial cyst is a soft tissue lesion, plain radiographs are useless. CT and MRI should be evaluated. In this report, a nasolabial cyst is described including its features on ultrasonography (USG) and CT exams. PMID:24711927

Acar, Ahmet H.; Yolcu, Ümit; Asutay, Fatih

2014-01-01

174

Diagnostic applications of ultrasonography to stallion's reproductive tract  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although ultrasound evaluation of the reproductive tract of stallions was introduced to veterinary practice long ago, this examination is not always conducted during routine breeding soundness evaluation. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical relevance of routine ultrasound evaluation of the stallion's reproductive tract. Breeding soundness evaluation of 113 stallions was performed, including ultrasonography of external and

Malgorzata Pozor

2005-01-01

175

Multi-slice CT of Thyroid Nodules: Comparison with Ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) in comparison with ultrasonography (US) for the differentiation of benign from malignant thyroid nodules and the evaluation of tumor extension. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with thyroid nodules (14 malignant, 16 benign) who underwent both MSCT and US participated in the present study. MSCT with contrast enhancement was performed, and

Satoko Ishigaki; Kazuhiro Shimamoto; Hiroko Satake; Akiko Sawaki; Shigeki Itoh; Mitsuru Ikeda; Takeo Ishigaki; Tsuneo Imai

176

Use of ultrasonography in ulnar nerve entrapment surgery--a prospective study.  

PubMed

The purpose of our study is to assess the usefulness of high-resolution ultrasonography in observing the morphology and dynamics of the ulnar nerve in the cubital tunnel and also the efficacy of ultrasonography in a more accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical treatment decision. Cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerves of 40 healthy volunteers in the control group were measured bilaterally at the level of the epicondyle, 2 cm proximal to and 2 cm distal to the epicondyle. Measurements were obtained for elbows both in extension and flexion. Then, we prospectively obtained the cross-sectional area values of 18 patients at the same levels, elbows in extension and flexion position, and compared the data obtained from the patient group and the control group. The differences between the cross-sectional areas of the ulnar nerves in extension and flexion were statistically significant in the patient population (p < 0.001). Mean cross-sectional area of the ulnar nerve in the patient population was calculated as 0.16 cm(2), and we accepted the cut-off point as 0.1 cm(2). This value for cross-sectional area yielded a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 100% in diagnosis of ulnar nerve entrapment. Results substantiated conspicuous morphological changes in ulnar nerve during flexion and extension of the elbow. We also observed that as the degree of the nerve displacement by virtue of elbow flexion that is discerned by ultrasonography increased, a more aggressive decompressive surgery was needed for an appropriate treatment. PMID:18797947

Kutlay, Murat; Colak, Ahmet; Sim?ek, Hakan; Oztürk, Ersin; Senol, Mehmet Güney; Topuz, Kivanç; Demircan, Mehmet Nusret

2009-04-01

177

Clinical characteristics of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma less than or equal to 5 mm on ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Management of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma sized ?5 mm identified on ultrasonography is controversial. In this study, we evaluated the clinical characteristics of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma sized ?5 mm on ultrasonography in comparison to those >5 mm and sought to present rationales for optimal management in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma ?5 mm. The medical records of 396 patients who underwent surgery for papillary thyroid carcinoma between 2009 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped into A (?5 mm, n = 132) or B (>5 mm, n = 264) and the clinicopathologic characteristics of the patients were reviewed and compared between the two groups. Tumor capsular invasion (45.5 vs. 59.8 %, p = 0.007) and cervical lymph node metastasis (18.2 vs. 29.2 %, p = 0.018) were more frequent in group B. Nonetheless, group A presented lymph node metastasis in 42.3 % of multifocal cases showing no difference to that of group B (41.5 %, p = 0.946) and also included five cases (3.8 %) of lateral neck metastasis. Multifocality was the only predictive factor for lymph node metastasis in group A (p < 0.001). Over half (55.3 %) of the patients of group A were diagnosed with papillary carcinoma in private clinics; however, only 5.5 % of these patients underwent assessment of lateral neck lymph nodes initially. In conclusion, higher risk of cervical lymph node metastasis should be considered in evaluation and surgical decision of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma ?5 mm identified on ultrasonography with multifocality. Evaluation of the cervical lymph nodes including the lateral neck should not be overlooked when suspicious thyroid nodule suggesting malignancy sized ?5 mm shows multifocal lesions. PMID:23873032

Lee, Hyoung Shin; Park, Hyo Sang; Kim, Sung Won; Choi, Gwan; Park, Hun-Su; Hong, Jong-Chul; Lee, Sung-Geun; Baek, Seon Mi; Lee, Kang Dae

2013-11-01

178

Prevalence screening for ovarian cancer in postmenopausal women by CA 125 measurement and ultrasonography.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the performance of the sequential combination of serum CA 125 measurement and ultrasonography in screening for ovarian cancer. DESIGN--The serum CA 125 concentration of each subject was determined and those with a concentration > or = 30 U/ml were recalled for abdominal ultrasonography. If ultrasonography gave abnormal results surgical investigation was arranged. Volunteers were followed up by annual postal questionnaire. SETTING--General practice, occupational health departments, ovarian cancer screening clinic. SUBJECTS--22,000 women volunteers who were postmenopausal and aged over 45 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Apparent sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, years of cancer detected. RESULTS--41 women had a positive screening result and were investigated surgically. 11 had ovarian cancer (true positive result) and 30 had other disorders or no abnormality (false positive result). Of the 21,959 volunteers with a negative screening result, eight subsequently presented clinically with ovarian cancer (false negative result) and 21,951 had not developed ovarian cancer during follow up (apparent true negative result). The screening protocol achieved a specificity of 99.9%, a positive predictive value of 26.8%, and an apparent sensitivity of 78.6% and 57.9% at one year and two year follow up respectively. The estimated number of years of cancer detected by the prevalence screen was 1.4 years. CONCLUSIONS--This screening protocol is highly specific for ovarian cancer and can detect a substantial proportion of cases at a preclinical stage. Further investigation is required to determine the effect of the screening protocol on the ratio of early to late stage disease detected and on mortality from ovarian cancer. PMID:8490497

Jacobs, I; Davies, A P; Bridges, J; Stabile, I; Fay, T; Lower, A; Grudzinskas, J G; Oram, D

1993-01-01

179

Correlation between Ultrasonography Findings and Electrodiagnostic Severity in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: 3D Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Background and Purpose To determine the correlation between the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve measured at the wrist using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography (US) and the electrophysiological severity of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods We prospectively examined 102 wrists of 51 patients with clinical CTS, which were classified into 3 groups according to the electrodiagnostic (EDX) findings. Median nerve CSAs were measured using 3D US at the carpal tunnel inlet and at the level of maximal swelling. Results Ten wrists were negative for CTS. Of the 92 CTS-positive wrists, 23, 30, and 39 were classified as having mild, moderate, and severe CTS, respectively. The median nerve CSA differed significantly between the severe- and moderate-CTS groups (p=0.0007 at the carpal tunnel inlet and p<0.0001 at the maximal swelling site). There was a correlation between median nerve CSA and EDX parameters among those wrists with severe and mild CTS (p<0.0001 at both sites). Conclusions The median nerve CSA as measured by 3D US could provide additional information about the severity of CTS, as indicated by the strong correlation with standard EDX findings. PMID:25324885

Kwon, Hee Kyu; Kang, Hyo Jung; Byun, Chan Woo; Kang, Chang Ho; Pyun, Sung Bum

2014-01-01

180

Ultrasonography of fractures in sports medicine.  

PubMed

High-resolution ultrasound is emerging as an important imaging modality in fracture assessment due to its availability, ease of use and multiplanar capabilities. Its usefulness includes injury assessment for the presence of a fracture when obtaining radiographs is not immediately available, detecting occult fractures not revealed on radiographs, and diagnosing bone stress injury before radiographic changes. Sonographic evaluation of bone, however, has limitations and should always be coupled with radiographs and possibly advanced imaging modalities such as CT and MR when clinically indicated. PMID:25540189

Hoffman, Douglas F; Adams, Erik; Bianchi, Stefano

2015-02-01

181

Extent of collateralization predicting symptomatic cerebral vasospasm among pediatric patients: correlations among angiography, transcranial Doppler ultrasonography, and clinical findings.  

PubMed

OBJECT Although the development and prevalence of cerebral vasospasm (CV) has been extensively investigated in adults, little data exist on the development of CV in children. The authors hypothesized that even though children have highly vasoreactive arteries, because of a robust cerebral collateral blood flow, they rarely develop symptomatic CV. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed their university hospital's neurointerventional database for children (that is, patients ? 18 years) who were examined or treated for aneurysmal or traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) during the period 1990-2013. Images from digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were analyzed for the extent of CV and collateralization of the cerebral circulation. Results from transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography were correlated with those from DSA. Cerebral vasospasm on TCD ultrasonography was defined according to criteria developed for adults. Clinical outcomes of CV were assessed with the pediatric modified Rankin Scale (mRS). RESULTS Among 37 children (21 boys and 16 girls ranging in age from 8 months to 18 years) showing symptoms of an aneurysmal SAH (comprising 32 aneurysms and 5 traumatic pseudoaneurysms), 17 (46%) had CV confirmed by DSA; CV was mild in 21% of these children, moderate in 50%, and severe in 29%. Only 3 children exhibited symptomatic CV, all of whom had poor collateralization of cerebral vessels. Among the 14 asymptomatic children, 10 (71%) showed some degree of vessel collateralization. Among 16 children for whom TCD data were available that could be correlated with the DSA findings, 13 (81%) had CV according to TCD criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of TCD ultrasonography for diagnosing CV were 95% and 59%, respectively. The time to CV onset detected by TCD ultrasonography was 5 ± 3 days (range 2-10 days). Twenty-five (68%) of the children had good long-term outcomes (that is, had mRS scores of 0-2). CONCLUSIONS Children have a relatively high incidence of angiographically detectable, moderate-to-severe CV. Children rarely develop symptomatic CV and have good long-term outcomes, perhaps due to robust cerebral collateral blood flow. Criteria developed for detecting CV with TCD ultrasonography in adults overestimate the prevalence of CV in children. Larger studies are needed to define TCD ultrasonography-based CV criteria for children. PMID:25555113

Moftakhar, Parham; Cooke, Daniel L; Fullerton, Heather J; Ko, Nerissa U; Amans, Matthew R; Narvid, Jared A; Dowd, Christopher F; Higashida, Randall T; Halbach, Van V; Hetts, Steven W

2015-03-01

182

Transvaginal/Transumbilical Hybrid—NOTES—Versus 3-Trocar Needlescopic Cholecystectomy: Short-term Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective: For cholecystectomy, both the needlescopic cholecystectomy (NC) 3-trocar technique using 2 to 3 mm trocars and the umbilical-assisted transvaginal cholecystectomy (TVC) technique have found their way into clinical routine. This study compares these 2 techniques in female patients who are in need of an elective cholecystectomy. Background: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is a surgical concept permitting scarless intra-abdominal operations through natural orifices, such as the vagina. Because of the lack of an adequately powered trial, we designed this first randomized controlled study for the comparison of TVC and NC. Methods: This prospective, randomized, nonblinded, single-center trial evaluates the safety and effectiveness of TVC (intervention), compared with NC (control) in female patients with symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. The primary endpoint was intensity of pain until the morning of postoperative day (POD) 2. Secondary outcomes were among others intra- and postoperative complications, procedural time, amount of analgesics used, pain intensity until POD 10, duration of hospital stay, satisfaction with the aesthetic result, and quality of life on POD 10 as quantified with the Eypasch Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). Results: Between February 2010 and June 2012, 40 patients were randomly assigned to the interventional or control group. All patients completed follow-up. Procedural time, length of postoperative hospital stay, and the rate of intra- and postoperative complications were similar in the 2 groups. However, significant advantages were found for the transvaginal access regarding pain until POD 2, but also until POD 10 (P = 0.043 vs P = 0.010) despite significantly less use of peripheral analgesics (P = 0.019). In the TVC group, patients were significantly more satisfied with the aesthetic result (P < 0.001) and had a significantly better GIQLI (P = 0.028). Conclusions: Although comparable in terms of safety, TVC caused less pain, increased satisfaction with the aesthetic result, and improved postoperative quality of life in the short term. PMID:24108196

Knuth, Jürgen; Cerasani, Nicola; Sauerwald, Axel; Lefering, Rolf; Heiss, Markus Maria

2015-01-01

183

Prenatal Diagnosis of Sacrococcygeal Teratoma Using Two and Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Sacrococcygeal teratoma accounts for half of all fetal tumors, with a prevalence of 1?:?40,000 births. It is believed to originate from pluripotent cells in Hensen's nodule. Although most are benign, they are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates because the fetus develops congestive heart failure and hydrops. Factors leading to poor prognosis include solid components in the mass, and hydrops diagnosed before the 30th week. A case of prenatal sacrococcygeal teratoma diagnosed using B-mode and color Doppler two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) is described, in which three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) enabled characterization of the extent of fetal lesions and allowed the parents to understand the pathological condition better. A 20-year-old primigravida was referred with a solid mass diagnosed in the lumbosacral spine. Examinations performed at our institution revealed pregnancy of 23 weeks and 4 days, with a female fetus presenting a bulky solid mass with cystic components and calcifications, measuring 7.7 × 9.1 × 12.2?cm, starting from the sacral region, with internal flow seen on color Doppler. A new ultrasound confirmed fetal death at 25 weeks and 4 days. Postnatal findings confirmed the diagnosis of sacrococcygeal teratoma. 3DUS can be used in cases of sacrococcygeal teratoma to assess the development of tumor during the prenatal and to allow better understanding of this anomaly by the parents. PMID:22924141

Rios, Livia Teresa Moreira; Araujo Júnior, Edward; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes; Martins, Marília da Glória

2012-01-01

184

Using Ultrasonography to Define Fetal–Maternal Relationships: Moving from Humans to Mice  

PubMed Central

Ultrasound scanning is a noninvasive, accurate, and cost-effective method to create images of the female reproductive tract clinically and in research. Ultrasonography is particularly valuable for studying the dynamic relationships among mother, placenta, and fetus during pregnancy because this modality does not disturb the ongoing course of gestation. Importantly, the complex vascular changes in the mother induced by pregnancy and the vascular system generated to support placental function can be assessed quantitatively and functionally by ultrasonography. Many mouse models are available that address aspects of human placental function and dysfunction, but high-quality microultrasound technology suitable for use in pregnant mice has become widely available only recently. This technical advance now enables real-time recording of maternal–fetal interactions in pregnant rodents. The ability to perform microultrasonic analyses of parameters such as uterine arterial remodeling, hemodynamic changes, placental development, and fetal growth in mice now permits research that uses the same imaging platform as that for human patients. This capability will enhance the translation of information derived from rodent studies to the clinic. PMID:20034427

Zhang, Jianhong; Croy, B Anne

2009-01-01

185

The clinical practice patterns of fetal ultrasonography in the first-trimester: A questionnaire survey of members of the Korean Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aimed to survey the current clinical practice of first-trimester ultrasonography among members of the Korean Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (KSUOG) and to provide basic data for making practical recommendations about first-trimester ultrasonography scan in Korea. Methods This survey was conducted using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire. The first-trimester in this survey was divided into two parts: early and late first-trimester. The survey was focused on safety issue, nuchal translucency (NT) cutoff, the anatomic structures they check, and the need for practical recommendations or educational courses during the first-trimester. Results During the study period, 194 KSUOG members participated into this survey. The survey on early first-trimester scan reveal that 173 (89.2%) of respondents had used pulsed-wave Doppler or color Doppler imaging to monitor fetal heart beat. For the late first-trimester scan, 145 (74.7%) of respondents was found to check for fetal anatomical assessments during their NT screening performance; however, the clinical practice patterns were considerably varied among participants. More than half of the respondents used the criterion of NT ?3.0 mm to define increased NT. Approximately 80% of respondents stated that the screening ultrasonography of fetal structures in the first-trimester was necessary. Furthermore, 187 (96.4%) of respondents were in favor of a recommendation for first-trimester ultrasonography in Korea. Conclusion This is the first survey of the current clinical practice of first-trimester ultrasonography in Korea. Our survey findings highlight the need for the practical recommendation or educational course for first-trimester ultrasonography. PMID:25469332

Kim, Kun Woo; Kwak, Dong Wook; Ko, Hyun Sun; Park, Hyun Soo; Seol, Hyun Joo; Hong, Joon Seok; Yang, Seung Woo; Oh, Soo Young; Kim, Moon Young; Kim, Sa Jin

2014-01-01

186

Transrectal ultrasonography of anorectal diseases: advantages and disadvantages  

PubMed Central

Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) has been widely accepted as a popular imaging modality for Epub ahead of print evaluating the lower rectum, anal sphincters, and pelvic floor in patients with various anorectal diseases. It provides excellent visualization of the layers of the rectal wall and of the anatomy of the anal canal. TRUS is an accurate tool for the staging of primary rectal cancer, especially for early stages. Although magnetic resonance imaging is a modality complementary to TRUS with advantages for evaluating the mesorectum, external sphincter, and deep pelvic inflammation, three-dimensional ultrasonography improves the detection and characterization of perianal fistulas and therefore plays a crucial role in optimal treatment planning. The operator should be familiar with the anatomy of the rectum and pelvic structures relevant to the preoperative evaluation of rectal cancer and other anal canal diseases, and should have technical proficiency in the use of TRUS combined with an awareness of its limitations compared to magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:25492891

2015-01-01

187

Henoch-Schonlein purpura: ultrasonography of scrotal and penile involvement  

PubMed Central

Testicular or scrotal involvement has been reported in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), but there are very few reports on penile involvement. We report the initial and follow-up ultrasonographic findings of scrotal and penile involvement of HSP in a 5-year-old boy. On ultrasonography, scrotal soft tissue thickening and epididymal swelling with increased vascularity were noted, and on the penis, a focal mass-like lesion appeared on the dorsal surface of the distal penis, having a hypoechoic mass-like appearance without visible vascular flow on a Doppler study. After 2 days of treatment, follow-up ultrasonography showed normal scrotum and penis with a resolved soft tissue mass-like lesion. Therefore, we think that HSP ultrasonographic findings involving the scrotum and penis might help to diagnose scrotal and penile involvement in a case of HSP and to avoid unnecessary medication and/or surgical procedures. PMID:25541068

2015-01-01

188

Ultrasonography managed by internists: the stethoscope of 21st century?  

PubMed

Ultrasonography in the hands of the internist can answer important clinical questions quickly at the point of patient care. This technique "enhances" the senses of the physicians and improves their ability to solve the problems of the patient. Point of care ultrasonography performed by clinicians has shown good accuracy in the diagnosis of diverse cardiac, abdominal and vascular pathologic conditions. It may also be useful for evaluation of thyroid, osteoarticular and soft tissue diseases. Furthermore, the use of ultrasound to guide invasive procedures (placement of venous catheters, thoracentesis, paracentesis) reduces the risk of complications. We present 5 cases to illustrate the usefulness of this technique in clinical practice: (i) peripartum cardiomyopathy; (ii) subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis; (iii) asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm; (iv) tendinitis of long head of biceps brachii and supraspinatus, and (v) spontaneous soleus muscle hematoma. PMID:24529607

Beltrán, L M; García-Casasola, G

2014-04-01

189

Endoscopic ultrasonography in the management of pancreatic cancer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pancreatic cancer diagnosis and management has been enhanced with the application of endoscopic ultrasound. The close proximity of the pancreas to the stomach and duodenum permits detailed imaging with intraluminal ultrasonography and staging of pancreatic tumors. EUS directed fine needle aspiration and injection may be successfully employed with patients with pancreatic cancer. Expandable metal stents can palliate patients with obstruction of the pancreaticobiliary tract as well as the gastroduodenum. The efficacy of EUS in the management of pancreatic cancer is critically reviewed.

Trowers, Eugene A.

2001-05-01

190

Liquid Perfluorocarbons as Contrast Agents for Ultrasonography and 19 FMRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are fluorinated compounds that have been used for many years in clinics mainly as gas\\/oxygen carriers\\u000a and for liquid ventilation. Besides this main application, PFCs have also been tested as contrast agents for ultrasonography\\u000a and magnetic resonance imaging since the end of the 1970s. However, most of the PFCs applied as contrast agents for imaging\\u000a were gaseous. This

Raquel Díaz-López; Nicolas Tsapis; Elias Fattal

2010-01-01

191

Comparison of radionuclide imaging and ultrasonography of the liver  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclide liver scans and gray scale ultrasonography of the liver were compared in 456 patients with various abnormalities including normal variants, jaundice, abscesses, and metastatic diseases. In general the better resolution of sonography detected smaller and deeper focal lesions than nuclide scans, but nuclide studies were more informative in heptatocellular disorders. Nuclide studies frequently demonstrated lesions that could be further delineated by sonography as either cystic or solid. This ability was of particular significance in isolated liver lesions found during metastatic surveys.

Elyaderani, M.K.; Gabriele, O.F.

1983-01-01

192

Comparison of radionuclide imaging and ultrasonography of the liver  

SciTech Connect

Radionuclide liver scans and gray scale ultrasonography of the liver were compared in 456 patients with various abnormalities including normal variants, jaundice, abscesses, and metastatic diseases. In general the better resolution of sonography detected smaller and deeper focal lesions than nuclide scans, but nuclide studies were more informative in hepatocellular disorders. Nuclide studies frequently demonstrated lesions that could be further delineated by sonography as either cystic or solid. This ability was of particular significance in isolated liver lesions found during metastatic surveys.

Elyaderani, M.K.; Gabriele, O.F.

1983-01-01

193

Elastography and Contrast-enhanced Ultrasonography in the Early Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in an Experimental Model of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis  

PubMed Central

Background/objective The early detection of focal hepatic lesions using ultrasound scanning is challenging, and this challenge becomes even greater in the presence of diffuse parenchymal disease. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the early detection of hepatocellular lesions in an experimental rat model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Methods B-mode and Doppler ultrasonography was performed weekly in 30 rats divided into a NASH group (n = 20) and a group without liver disease (n = 10). The animals underwent elastography and CEUS and were then euthanized. Liver nodules were assessed by histopathology. Results Doppler mapping results of lesions with vascularization were considered indicative of malignancy, with a sensitivity of 29% before and 71% after contrast injection. The specificity was 71% before and 96% after CEUS. Elastograms of positive lesions showed areas of high stiffness, which were indicative of malignancy. This malignancy was confirmed by the histologic evaluation, with a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 60%. After CEUS analysis, 4 nodules were identified that were not observed on B-mode ultrasonography. Early wash-in was significantly associated with malignancy (sensitivity of 88% and specificity of 67%). Conclusions Both techniques allow for the correct diagnosis of well-differentiated to moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas with good accuracy in an experimental rat model of NASH. PMID:25755482

Carvalho, Cibele F.; Chammas, Maria C.; Souza de Oliveira, Claudia P.M.; Cogliati, Bruno; Carrilho, Flair J.; Cerri, Giovanni G.

2013-01-01

194

Ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis and evaluation in queens.  

PubMed

In the present paper, we describe the clinical utility of ultrasonography for diagnosing and evaluating pregnancy in domestic cats. Ultrasonography is a non-invasive technique that permits an accurate diagnosis of pregnancy and allows serial evaluation of the developing embryo/fetus and the extrafetal structures. The first ultrasonographic indication of pregnancy is a gestational chamber seen on day 10 after mating as a small circular anechoic structure. From day 30, it is possible to recognize different fetal organs, and between 38 and 43 days, the gender of the fetus can be determined. Measurements obtained during the second half of gestation can be used to determine fetal age and calculations can then be made that may more accurately predict the time of parturition. Further studies are needed in the queen to determine the applicability of the echo-Doppler technique used routinely in human obstetric medicine. This type of ultrasonography could potentially provide useful information about fetal health and the maturity of the placenta. PMID:16716385

Zambelli, D; Prati, F

2006-07-01

195

[Thyroid ultrasonography--considerations and progress in routine diagnostic examinations].  

PubMed

Thyroid ultrasonography is becoming increasingly important because it is easy to perform non-invasively and provides much more information than other imaging devices such as CT and MRI. It is possible to infer the causes of diffuse goiter and thyrotoxicosis by the internal echo level and blood flow analysis. The combination of B mode and color Doppler imaging is also useful for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Malignant B mode findings include an irregular shape, indistinct border, hypo and inhomogeneous internal echo, and fine calcification. New diagnostic criteria for thyroid nodules and a flow chart for the selection of indications of aspiration biopsy cytology have been developed by the Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology. Recent improvements in thyroid ultrasonography include 3D imaging, contrast agents and tissue elasticity imaging. 3D ultrasonography and contrast agents have made it possible to display vascular structures more accurately. Tissue elasticity imaging is expected to play an important role in the diagnosis of thyroid carcinomas since it evaluates tissue stiffness objectively. Tissue elastography may be useful for the differentiation of follicular adenomas from follicular carcinomas, which is still one of the most difficult clinical challenges for all endocrinologists. It also provides detailed information on the efficacy of thyroid interventions. New combinations with tissue elastography and other imaging devices are under development. PMID:24724429

Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Kitaoka, Masafumi

2014-01-01

196

A New Soft Tissue Volume Measurement Strategy Using Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Abstract Various techniques are available for measuring the status of lymphedema. A modified imaging technique using ultrasonography was developed to measure the structure of soft tissue area in a cost-effective manner. The purpose of this study was to measure the reliability and the accuracy of this new method. Ultrasonography was performed on both arms of twenty healthy female participants. At 10?cm above (AE) and below (BE) the elbow crease, soft tissue thickness at medial, lateral, inferior, and superior locations were measured by two examiners with minimal unnecessary pressure. After measuring twice on 16 sites for each participant, the amount of soft tissue in the cross-sectional area (?CSA) was acquired by a designed formulation. The ?CSA was also compared with volumetry data (Perometer®). Cronbach's alpha coefficient test was used for statistics. The intra-class and inter-class reliability measurements for all soft tissue areas were very strong (?=0.980 and 0.960, respectively; p<0.01). All AE and BE reliabilities showed very strong correlation and strong correlation of inter-BE measurement. All reliabilities of ?CSA were very strong (?0.950). All CCs (correlation coefficients) between ?CSA, circumference, and volumetry were strong for AE and BE measurements, except for ?CSA and circumference at BE. The strongest CC was between volumetry and circumference measurements. This study suggests that measuring the ?CSA by ultrasonography could be an alternative way to measure the status of soft tissue indirectly with structural consideration. PMID:24521479

Hwang, Ji Hye; Lee, Hae Hyun; Kim, Soo Yeon

2014-01-01

197

Transvaginal repair of genital prolapse: preliminary results of a new tension-free vaginal mesh (Prolift™ technique)—a case series multicentric study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal was to report the preliminary results of a transvaginal mesh repair of genital prolapse using the Prolift™ system.\\u000a This retrospective multicentric study includes 110 patients. All patients had a stage 3 (at the hymen) or stage 4 (beyond\\u000a the hymen) prolapse. Total mesh was used in 59 patients (53.6%), an isolated anterior mesh in 22 patients (20%) and

B. Fatton; J. Amblard; P. Debodinance; M. Cosson; B. Jacquetin

2007-01-01

198

Transvaginal ovarian drilling: A new surgical treatment for improving the clinical outcome of assisted reproductive technologies in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of transvaginal ovarian drilling (TVOD) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were undergoing IVF treatment.Design: Pilot study.Setting: Reproductive medicine unit.Patient(s): Eleven patients with PCOS undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART).Intervention(s): Selection criterion for TVOD was repeated poor performance in ?2 previous IVF cycles.Main Outcome Measure(s): Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation parameters, number of eggs

Anna P Ferraretti; Luca Gianaroli; Maria C Magli; Elisabetta Iammarrone; Elisabetta Feliciani; Daniela Fortini

2001-01-01

199

Transvaginal ovarian drilling: a new surgical treatment for improving the clinical outcome of assisted reproductive technologies in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of transvaginal ovarian drilling (TVOD) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who were undergoing IVF treatment. Design: Pilot study. Setting: Reproductive medicine unit. Patient(s): Eleven patients with PCOS undergoing treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART). Intervention(s): Selection criterion for TVOD was repeated poor performance in 2 previous IVF cycles. Main Outcome Measure(s): Controlled ovarian

Anna P. Ferraretti; Luca Gianaroli; Maria C. Magli; Elisabetta Iammarrone; Elisabetta Feliciani; Daniela Fortini

200

Transvaginal early fistula debridement and repair plus continuous vacuum aspiration via anal tube for rectovaginal fistula following rectal cancer surgery: report of four cases  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and superiority of transvaginal early fistula debridement and repair plus continuous vacuum aspiration via anal tube for rectovaginal fistula following rectal cancer surgery. Methods: The clinical data of four cases of rectovaginal fistula following rectal cancer surgery were retrospectively analyzed in our center. After adequate preoperative preparation, the patients underwent transvaginal fistula debridement and repair plus continuous vacuum aspiration via anal tube under continuous epidural anesthesia. After surgery and before discharge, anti-infection and nutritional support was administered for 2 d, and fluid diet and anal tube vacuum aspiration continued for 7 d. Results: All the four cases healed. Three of them healed after one operation, and the other patient had obvious shrinkage of the fistular orifice after the first operation and underwent the same operation for a second time before complete healing. The duration of postoperative follow-up was 2, 7, 8 and 9 months respectively. No recurrence or abnormal sex life was reported. Conclusions: Early transvaginal fistula debridement and repair plus continuous vacuum aspiration via anal tube are feasible for rectovaginal fistula following rectal cancer surgery. This operation has many advantages, such as minimal invasiveness, short durations of operation, short treatment cycles, and easy acceptance by the patient. In addition, it does not necessitate colostomy for feces shunt and a secondary colostomy and reduction. PMID:25232416

Luo, Guo-De; Cao, Yong-Kuan; Wang, Yong-Hua; Zhang, Guo-Hu; Wang, Pei-Hong; Gong, Jia-Qing

2014-01-01

201

Prospective evaluation of endoscopic ultrasonography and microscopic examination of duodenal bile in the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis in 45 patients with normal conventional ultrasonography.  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate endoscopic ultrasonography and microscopic examination of duodenal bile in the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis not detected by conventional ultrasonography. Forty five consecutive patients (26 females, 19 males, mean age: 50 years) with suspected cholecystolithiasis and at least two normal transcutaneous ultrasonography examinations were included. Endoscopic ultrasonographic criteria for the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis were the presence of stones with or without acoustic shadowing or sludge. Criteria of microscopic examination of bile were cholesterol or bilirubinate crystals or spheroliths. Thirty three patients underwent cholecystectomy and lithiasis was found in gall bladder bile in 24. Twelve patients who were not operated on and were followed up (median: 17 months), had no evidence of cholecystolithiasis. Endoscopic ultrasonography and duodenal bile examination were 96% and 67% sensitive, respectively (p < 0.03). The specificity was not different (86 and 91%, respectively). None of the 16 patients with negative results in both procedures had evidence of cholecystolithiasis. It was found that for the diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis in patients with normal conventional ultrasonography, the sensitivity of endoscopic ultrasonography is higher than that of microscopic examination of duodenal bile. If endoscopic ultrasonography and microscopic examination of duodenal bile are negative, the risk of underdiagnosing cholecystolithiasis is negligible. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:8801211

Dahan, P; Andant, C; Lévy, P; Amouyal, P; Amouyal, G; Dumont, M; Erlinger, S; Sauvanet, A; Belghiti, J; Zins, M; Vilgrain, V; Bernades, P

1996-01-01

202

Transvaginal ovarian trauma, poor responders and improvement of success rates in IVF: anecdotal data and a hypothesis.  

PubMed

In this report, we propose an intervention capable of improving IVF outcomes in subfertile women with poor ovarian response. This intervention derives from anecdotal data and observations in our daily practice, but most importantly from trials on experimental models and subfertile women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS). Our hypothesis suggests that transvaginal induction of trauma to the ovary in the cycle preceding IVF should benefit poor ovarian responders and their lowered pregnancy rates by increasing - at least - the number of retrieved oocytes during oocyte retrieval. Up-to-the minute data show that, via this means, there is a unique response of the ovarian surface epithelium and stroma to the induced trauma. The potential pathways of this beneficial response involve an improvement of the raised gonadotrophins to act either through the mechanical reduction of the size of the ovary or through alterations of the hormonal profile by lowering LH, inhibin and local androgen concentrations through hypothalamic-pituitary axis feedbacks, the induction of increased blood flow to the ovaries, a differentiated local immune reaction and a non-elucidated as yet role of reactive oxygen species. In this report, we also describe the technique and the associated possible negative points while we try to point out the needed research steps to ensure its efficiency before it enters daily clinical practice. PMID:24837687

Siristatidis, Charalampos; Vogiatzi, Paraskevi; Bettocchi, Stefano; Basios, George; Mastorakos, George; Vrachnis, Nikos

2014-08-01

203

Enhancing the Early Differential Diagnosis of Plateau Iris and Pupillary Block Using A-Scan Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Purpose To distinguish the frequently misdiagnosed plateau iris eyes from pupillary block group and normal group, we compared the ocular biometrical parameters of them by A-scan ultrasongraphy. Methods In total, we retrospectively reviewed general characteristics and ocular findings including ocular biometric measurements of 71 normal, 39 plateau iris, and 83 pupillary block eyes. Results The normal controls, plateau iris group and pupillary block group were significantly different in age, but not in gender. The anterior chamber depth tended to decrease and the lens thickness tended to increase from normal to plateau iris to pupillary block eyes. Compared to those of plateau iris group, the pupillary block group had significantly shallower anterior chamber depth (2.90mm vs. 2.33mm; p<0.001), thicker lens (4.77mm vs. 5.11mm; p<0.001), shorter axial length (23.16mm vs. 22.63mm; p<0.001), smaller relative lens position (2.28 vs. 2.16; p<0.001) and larger lens/axial length factor (2.06 vs. 2.26; p<0.001). However, when comparing plateau iris and normal eyes, only axial length and lens/axial length factor were significantly different (23.16 vs. 23.54; p<0.05 and 2.06 vs. 1.96; p<0.05). Conclusions Measured by A-scan ultrasonography, the ocular biometrics of plateau iris were significantly different from those of pupillary block eyes. However, our A-scan ultrasongraphy generally found no significant biometric differences between plateau iris and normal eyes. These findings suggest that while A-scan ultrasonography might be used as a practical tool for differentiating plateau iris and papillary block eyes, a more meticulous gonioscopy and other assessments may be necessary to distinguish plateau iris from normal eyes. PMID:25689856

Chen, Yu-Yen; Chu, Dachen; Chou, Pesus

2015-01-01

204

Cubital tunnel syndrome: diagnosis by high-resolution ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphologic changes in the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel syndrome with high-resolution ultrasonography. The mean values of the short axis (cm) x long axis (cm) at the arm, epicondyle, and forearm levels were 0.057 +/- 0.01, 0.068 +/- 0.019, and 0.062 +/- 0.01 in control group; 0.069 +/- 0.04, 0.139 +/- 0.06, and 0.066 +/- 0.023 in the symptomatic side in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome; and 0.063 +/- 0.029, 0.068 +/- 0.029, and 0.057 +/- 0.012 in the normal side in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. No significant difference was found in the area (short axis x long axis) of the ulnar nerve at the arm, epicondyle and forearm levels between the left and right ulnar nerve in the control group and between the control group and the normal side in symptomatic patients. However, the mean value of the area of the ulnar nerve at the epicondyle level in symptomatic patients was significantly larger than that of the control group and that of the contralateral side in patients, and the P value was less than 0.001. High resolution ultrasonography can detect morphologic changes in the ulnar nerve accurately, and it could therefore be useful as a screening and even follow-up modality in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. PMID:9771609

Chiou, H J; Chou, Y H; Cheng, S P; Hsu, C C; Chan, R C; Tiu, C M; Teng, M M; Chang, C Y

1998-10-01

205

Refining the goals of oculofacial rejuvenation with dynamic ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Volume enhancement/restoration addresses a key component of facial aging and plays an increasingly central role in facial rejuvenation. Advancing our understanding of the structure and morphology of facial aging-and the changes that can be induced with currently-available fillers-will optimize treatment and provide a consensus for appropriate selection of agents and procedures. By elucidating anatomic relationships-particularly dynamic relationships-ultrasonography may facilitate the selection and application of rejuvenation agents and procedures such as lower eyelid blepharoplasty with hyaluronic acid reinforcement of the middle lamella and lateral canthal retinaculum, en glove lysis and dermal fat grafting in the retractor plane for lower eyelid retraction, "posterior girdle" effect with high-viscosity fillers for malar festoons, dynamic analysis of hyaluronic acid within the levator plane for upper eyelid retraction, and serial distribution and integration of autologous fat injection in the lower lid compartments. In this article, the authors describe use of dynamic high-resolution ultrasonography as a tool in defining and improving the outcomes of periocular facial rejuvenation. PMID:22328690

Papageorgiou, Konstantinos; Chang, Holly Shu-Hong; Isaacs, David; Fiaschetti, Danica; Ang, Michael; Goldberg, Robert

2012-02-01

206

Ultrasonography reveals nail thickening in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis.  

PubMed

Nail psoriasis is usually investigated and diagnosed by clinical examination. Ultrasonography is a non-invasive imaging technique for studying soft tissue involvement. The objective of this study was to estimate nail involvement in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis by ultrasonography. Prevalence, clinical type and severity of nail involvement according to nail psoriasis and severity index (NAPSI) were investigated in 138 patients with psoriasis. The thickness of the plate and bed of the fingernails was measured in 54 patients with psoriasis, 46 healthy controls and 37 patients with chronic eczema, using an ultrasonographic system equipped with a frequency transducer of 18 MHz. The prevalence of nail psoriasis was 73 % (102 out of 138). Onycholysis and thickening of the nail plate were the most common clinical type affecting 56 and 50 % of patients, respectively; splinter haemorrhages was the less common involving 10 % of patients. The mean NAPSI score was 18.4 ± 17.5 (SD; range 0-107). The thickness of fingernail plate and bed was significantly higher in patients with psoriasis with nail disease compared to healthy controls and patients with chronic eczema (p < 0.001). There was a linear correlation between NAPSI and plate and bed nail thickness (r = 0.52 and r = 0.38, p = 0.001). Increased nail plate and bed thickness was observed also in patients with psoriasis without clinically apparent nail involvement. In conclusion, thickening of the nail is a common feature of nail psoriasis also in patients without clinically apparent nail involvement. PMID:23011659

Gisondi, P; Idolazzi, L; Girolomoni, G

2012-11-01

207

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Chemoembolisation Using Drug-Eluting Beads: A Pilot Study Focused on Sustained Tumor Necrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and the sustained antitumor effect\\u000a of drug-eluting beads used for transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ten\\u000a patients with solitary, unresectable HCC underwent CEUS before, 2 days after, and 35 to 40 days after TACE using a standard\\u000a dose (4 ml) of drug-eluting beads (DC Beads; Biocompatibles,

Hippocrates Moschouris; Katerina Malagari; Marina Georgiou Papadaki; Ioannis Kornezos; Dimitrios Matsaidonis

2010-01-01

208

Ultrasonography-Assisted Arthroscopic Proximal Iliotibial Band Release and Trochanteric Bursectomy  

PubMed Central

We describe arthroscopic iliotibial band release and trochanteric bursectomy assisted by intraoperative ultrasonography for accurate placement of arthroscopic portals and to ensure adequate decompression of the peritrochanteric space. We have found ultrasonography for endoscopic iliotibial band release a useful tool to assist with localizing the site and length of decompression. PMID:24400195

Weinrauch, Patrick; Kermeci, Sharon

2013-01-01

209

An economic evaluation of second-trimester genetic ultrasonography for prenatal detection of Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to perform an economic evaluation of second-trimester genetic ultrasonography for prenatal detection of Down syndrome. More specifically, we sought to determine the following: (1) the diagnostic accuracy requirements (from the cost-benefit point of view) of genetic ultrasonography versus genetic amniocentesis for women at increased risk for fetal Down syndrome and (2) the possible

Anthony M. Vintzileos; Cande V. Ananth; Allan J. Fisher; John C. Smulian; Debra Day-Salvatore; Tryfon Beazoglou; Robert A. Knuppel

1998-01-01

210

Role of ultrasonography in diagnosis of scrotal disorders: a review of 110 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the role of ultrasonography in diagnosis of scrotal disorders. Materials and methods: This study was carried out after institutional review board approval was granted, and informed consent was waived. Between January 2005 and January 2007, 144 patients aged 12 years and older with scrotal symptoms, who underwent scrotal ultrasonography (US), were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical presentation, outcome,

S Thinyu; M Muttarak

211

Transperineal ultrasonography for evaluation of the perianal fistula and abscess in pediatric Crohn disease: preliminary study  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of transperineal ultrasonography (TPUS) for the evaluation of perianal Crohn disease (PCD) in pediatric patients. Methods: Between September 2010 and August 2013, 64 TPUS examinations were performed in 43 patients (34 males and 9 females; mean age±standard deviation, 13.3±2.4 years; age range, 6 to 17 years) to evaluate PCD. The pain severity, location, and activity of perianal fistula, the presence of an abscess, and anal canal hyperemia were retrospectively evaluated. Spearman rank correlation analysis was performed to assess the relationship between the severity of the pain and the fistula activity, the presence of an abscess, and anal canal hyperemia. Results: All examinations were successfully performed. Thirty-nine examinations (60.9%) were performed without any pain experienced by the patient, 19 examinations (29.7%) with mild pain, five examinations (7.8%) with moderate pain, and one examination (1.6%) with severe pain. The pain severity was correlated with the fistula activity (P<0.01). An anterior fistula location was more common than a posterior location. Active fistulas and abscesses were identified during 30 examinations (46.9%) and 12 examinations (18.8%), respectively. Anal canal hyperemia was identified in 31 examinations (48.4%). Conclusion: TPUS with a color Doppler study is useful for visualizing a perianal fistula or abscess and for assessing its inflammatory activity in pediatric Crohn patients. PMID:25038808

2014-01-01

212

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for the determination of Crohn’s disease activity – preliminary experience  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a recent non-invasive modality, which may partially replace currently used techniques (endoscopy, CT enterography and MR enterography) in the diagnostics and assessment of Crohn’s disease (CD). The aim of the study was to analyze early experience in the use of CEUS for the measurement of activity and staging of CD. Material/Methods Eleven patients previously diagnosed with CD were included in the study. They underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (SonoVue, Bracco), low-dose CT enterography (LDCTE), assessment of laboratory markers of inflammation and clinical CD activity index (CDAI). Contrast enhancement was evaluated using a semi-quantitative method and a quantitative method that included measurement of peak enhancement (PE), enhancement curve rise time (RT) and wash-in-rate (WiR). Results Ileal wall thickening was observed in all patients. Semi-quantitative method was used to observe CD activity in CEUS in 10 cases that perfectly matched LDCTE findings. There was a moderate positive correlation between PE and CDAI (r=0.65, p<0.001). There was no significant relationship between perfusion parameters and laboratory markers of inflammation. Conclusions CEUS is a promising modality for non-invasive assessment of pathologic ileal vascularization in the course of Crohn’s disease. Intensity of enhancement in CEUS reflects activity of the disease detected in LDCTE and correlates with CDAI. PMID:24723988

Bia?ecki, Marcin; Bia?ecka, Agnieszka; Laskowska, Katarzyna; K?opocka, Maria; Liebert, Ariel; Lemanowicz, Adam; Serafin, Zbigniew

2014-01-01

213

Transvaginal mesh surgery for pelvic organ prolapse—Prolift+M: a prospective clinical trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and hypothesis  This study deals with assessment of safety, efficacy, and potential complications of Prolift+M system to correct uterovaginal\\u000a prolapse.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We analyzed a prospective cohort treated with the Gynecare PROLIFT+M mesh system between October 2008 and March 2010. A composite\\u000a score that included subjective\\/objective cure and lack of complications was used to assess treatment success.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  One hundred sixty-seven women (age

Salil Khandwala; Chaandini Jayachandran

214

A Prospective Study of Aromatase Inhibitor-Associated Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Abnormalities on Serial High-Resolution Wrist Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Background Almost half of women treated with aromatase inhibitors (AI) develop AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) such as arthralgias, but the etiology is unclear. The upper extremities are frequently affected, especially wrists, hands, and fingers. AI use may also increase the risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome. Tendon sheath fluid and tenosynovial changes have been demonstrated by imaging symptomatic AI-treated patients. We hypothesized that these abnormalities correlate with AIMSS. Methods Thirty consecutive patients initiating adjuvant therapy with letrozole or exemestane on a prospective clinical trial enrolled in a pilot study evaluating tendon and joint abnormalities at baseline and after 3 months of AI therapy. Patients underwent high resolution ultrasonography of the wrists bilaterally and completed the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and pain Visual Analog Scale (VAS). AIMSS were defined as increase in HAQ or VAS score during AI therapy that exceeded a predefined cutoff. Results Twenty-five subjects completed both baseline and 3 month assessments. During the first 12 months of AI therapy, 15 subjects developed AIMSS, and 13 discontinued therapy because of musculoskeletal symptoms. There was a trend toward an association between presence of tendon sheath abnormalities on wrist ultrasound at baseline and development of AIMSS (p=0.06). Conclusions Clinically relevant musculoskeletal symptoms develop in AI-treated women, leading to treatment discontinuation in a substantial percentage. However, patient-reported symptoms were not associated with changes visible on wrist ultrasonography in this pilot study. PMID:20549827

Henry, N. Lynn; Jacobson, Jon A.; Banerjee, Mousumi; Hayden, Jill; Smerage, Jeffrey B.; Poznak, Catherine Van; Storniolo, Anna Maria; Stearns, Vered; Hayes, Daniel F.

2010-01-01

215

Intraductal papillary and mucinous tumors of the pancreas: accuracy of preoperative computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography, and long-term outcome in a large surgical series  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Few data are available on the accuracy of preoperative imaging or on long-term outcome after surgery for intraductal papillary and mucinous tumors of the pancreas. The aims of this study were to assess the following: (1) the accuracy of preoperative computed tomography, endoscopic retrograde pancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasonography for determination of tumor invasion and pancreatic extension as compared with

Christophe Cellier; Emmanuel Cuillerier; Laurent Palazzo; Fabienne Rickaert; Jean-Francois Flejou; Bertrand Napoleon; Daniel Van Gansbeke; Natacha Bely; Philippe Ponsot; Christian Partensky; Paul-Henri Cugnenc; Jean-Philippe Barbier; Jacques Devière; Michel Cremer

1998-01-01

216

Live adult worms detected by ultrasonography in human Bancroftian filariasis.  

PubMed

Ultrasonographic examination of the scrotal area was performed in 14 asymptomatic individuals with bancroftian filariasis and microfilaremia. While in seven subjects (50%) the ultrasonographic findings were normal, lymphatic dilation and tortuosity were observed in the other seven. In these vessels, structures with peculiar aleatory movements (filaria dance sign) were detected. A segment of the lymphatic tract containing these mobile intraluminal structures that was resected surgically from the left spermatic cord of one individual confirmed that these structures were living Wuchereria bancrofti adult worms (two females and one male). Our study demonstrates for the first time the feasibility of using a low-cost, widely available, noninvasive technique (ultrasonography) to detect and monitor living adult worms and lymphatic dilation in patients with bancroftian filariasis. PMID:8024070

Amaral, F; Dreyer, G; Figueredo-Silva, J; Noroes, J; Cavalcanti, A; Samico, S C; Santos, A; Coutinho, A

1994-06-01

217

[Evaluation of preoperative effect for rectal cancer by transrectal ultrasonography].  

PubMed

The ultrasonographic examination was applied for the purpose of volume estimation of rectal cancer. We have performed 15 cases of echographic volume estimation compared with that of resected specimen (control group) and mean volume estimation error rate was 14.6% between two methods. And we also performed 17 preoperative irradiation cases of rectal cancer. Each tumor volume of pre- and post-irradiation was estimated echogenically and was compared with that of resected specimen. In the case when irradiation effect was remarkable, estimated volume by ultrasonography was much smaller in post-irradiation compared with that of pre-irradiation. Same tendency was also recognized in the study of resected specimen. Histopathological irradiation effect was also highly recognized in the case when echographic diminished rate was prominent. This method will useful for the judgement of preoperative irradiation effect in rectal cancer. PMID:2038288

Taniyama, S

1991-02-01

218

Imaging of a Renal Artery Aneurysm Detected Incidentally on Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Renal artery aneurysms occur with a frequency of less than 1% of the general population. Even if they are usually asymptomatic and incidentally found, they can be complicated with life-threatening conditions like rupture, thrombosis, embolism, or hypertension. Thus, once diagnosed, they should be fully evaluated with further imaging and treated when indicated. We present the case of a patient who was referred for ultrasonography for an unrelated reason. The examination demonstrated a hyperechoic focus near the right kidney. Further imaging workup with MDCT established the diagnosis of a right renal artery aneurysm which was saccular in shape and peripherally calcified. This ring-like calcification was also visible in a KUB radiography which was also performed. After presenting the case, various aspects of this rare entity are discussed. PMID:24963433

Rafailidis, Vasileios; Gavriilidou, Anna; Liouliakis, Christos; Poultsaki, Maria; Theodoridis, Triantafyllos; Charalampidis, Vasileios

2014-01-01

219

Hysterosalpingography and ultrasonography findings of female genital tuberculosis.  

PubMed

Genital tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of female infertility in the world, especially in developing countries. Majority of infertility cases are due to involvement of the fallopian tubes (92%-100%), endometrial cavity (50%), and ovaries (10%-30%); cervical and vulvovaginal TB are uncommon. Genital TB has characteristic radiological appearances based on the stage of the disease process (acute inflammatory or chronic fibrotic) and the organ of involvement. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) and ultrasonography (US) remain the main imaging modalities used in the diagnosis of genital TB. HSG is the primary modality for evaluating uterine, fallopian tube, and peritubal involvement and also helps in evaluating tubal patency. US, on the other hand, allows simultaneous evaluation of ovarian and extrapelvic involvement. PMID:25538038

Shah, Hardik Uresh; Sannananja, Bhagya; Baheti, Akshay Dwarka; Udare, Ashlesha Satish; Badhe, Padma Vikram

2015-01-01

220

Quantitative Analysis of Lung Ultrasonography for the Detection of Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Objective. Chest X-ray is recommended for routine use in patients with suspected pneumonia, but its use in emergency settings is limited. In this study, the diagnostic performance of a new method for quantitative analysis of lung ultrasonography was compared with bedside chest X-ray and visual lung ultrasonography for detection of community-acquired pneumonia, using thoracic computed tomography as a gold standard. Methods. Thirty-two spontaneously breathing patients with suspected community-acquired pneumonia, undergoing computed tomography examination, were consecutively enrolled. Each hemithorax was evaluated for the presence or absence of abnormalities by chest X-ray and quantitative or visual ultrasonography. Results. Quantitative ultrasonography showed higher sensitivity (93%), specificity (95%), and diagnostic accuracy (94%) than chest X-ray (64%, 80%, and 69%, resp.), visual ultrasonography (68%, 95%, and 77%, resp.), or their combination (77%, 75%, and 77%, resp.). Conclusions. Quantitative lung ultrasonography was considerably more accurate than either chest X-ray or visual ultrasonography in the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia and it may represent a useful first-line approach for confirmation of clinical diagnosis in emergency settings.

Corradi, Francesco; Brusasco, Claudia; Garlaschi, Alessandro; Ball, Lorenzo; Pelosi, Paolo; Altomonte, Fiorella; Brusasco, Vito

2015-01-01

221

Comparative evaluation of the mandibular distraction zone using ultrasonography and conventional radiography.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of ultrasonography (USG) for the evaluation of bone formation in the mandibular distraction wound and to compare this with radiographic evaluation, which is currently the standard modality. Twenty-two patients underwent mandibular distraction (30 sides) with a variety of distraction devices. The wounds were assessed with plain radiographs and USG at established time intervals. Estimates of bone formation using a semiquantitative bone fill score were made for radiographs and USG. USG bone fill scores were correlated with radiography scores. At week 4 the difference between the scores was statistically significant (P=0.01); at all other time points, USG and radiography scores were comparable. At week 4, USG scores were significantly higher than the corresponding radiography scores, indicating that USG is an earlier indicator of calcification in the distraction zone as compared to radiography. USG evaluation of the distraction osteogenesis (DO) zone has many inherent advantages over conventional methods. The results of this study indicate that USG is an accurate non-invasive technique that may prove to be useful in assessing the mandibular DO regenerate in patients. PMID:24393569

Issar, Y; Sahoo, N K; Sinha, R; Satija, L; Chattopadhyay, P K

2014-05-01

222

Diagnostic Accuracy of Clinical Tests for Morton's Neuroma Compared with Ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 7 clinical tests for Morton's neuroma (MN) compared with ultrasonography (US). Forty patients (54 feet) were diagnosed with MN using predetermined clinical criteria. These patients were subsequently referred for US, which was performed by a single, experienced musculoskeletal radiologist. The clinical test results were compared against the US findings. MN was confirmed on US at the site of clinical diagnosis in 53 feet (98%). The operational characteristics of the clinical tests performed were as follows: thumb index finger squeeze (96% sensitivity, 96% accuracy), Mulder's click (61% sensitivity, 62% accuracy), foot squeeze (41% sensitivity, 41% accuracy), plantar percussion (37% sensitivity, 36% accuracy), dorsal percussion (33% sensitivity, 26% accuracy), and light touch and pin prick (26% sensitivity, 25% accuracy). No correlation was found between the size of MN on US and the positive clinical tests, except for Mulder's click. The size of MN was significantly larger in patients with a positive Mulder's click (10.9 versus 8.5 mm, p = .016). The clinical assessment was comparable to US in diagnosing MN. The thumb index finger squeeze test was the most sensitive screening test for the clinical diagnosis of MN. PMID:25432459

Mahadevan, Devendra; Venkatesan, Muralidharan; Bhatt, Raj; Bhatia, Maneesh

2014-11-26

223

A superficial hyperechoic band in human articular cartilage on ultrasonography with histological correlation: preliminary observations  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To demonstrate the superficial hyperechoic band (SHEB) in articular cartilage by using ultrasonography (US) and to assess its correlation with histological images. Methods: In total, 47 regions of interest (ROIs) were analyzed from six tibial osteochondral specimens (OCSs) that were obtained after total knee arthroplasty. Ultrasonograms were obtained for each OCS. Then, matching histological sections from all specimens were obtained for comparison with the ultrasonograms. Two types of histological staining were used: Safranin-O stain (SO) to identify glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and Masson’s trichrome stain (MT) to identify collagen. In step 1, two observers evaluated whether there was an SHEB in each ROI. In step 2, the two observers evaluated which histological staining method correlated better with the SHEB by using the ImageJ software. Results: In step 1 of the analysis, 20 out of 47 ROIs showed an SHEB (42.6%, kappa=0.579). Step 2 showed that the SHEB correlated significantly better with the topographical variation in stainability in SO staining, indicating the GAG distribution, than with MT staining, indicating the collagen distribution (P<0.05, kappa=0.722). Conclusion: The SHEB that is frequently seen in human articular cartilage on high-resolution US correlated better with variations in SO staining than with variations in MT staining. Thus, we suggest that a SHEB is predominantly related to changes in GAG. Identifying an SHEB by US is a promising method for assessing the thickness of articular cartilage or for monitoring early osteoarthritis. PMID:25656333

2015-01-01

224

The Effect of Raloxifene on Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women Results From the MORE Randomized Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Main Outcome Measures New cases of breast cancer, confirmed by histopathol- ogy. Transvaginal ultrasonography was used to assess the endometrial effects of ral- oxifene in 1781 women. Deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism were deter- mined by chart review. Results Thirteen cases of breast cancer were confirmed among the 5129 women assigned to raloxifene vs 27 among the 2576 women

Steven R. Cummings; Stephen Eckert; Kathryn A. Krueger; Deborah Grady; Trevor J. Powles; Jane A. Cauley; Larry Norton; Thomas Nickelsen; Nina H. Bjarnason; Monica Morrow; Marc E. Lippman; Joan E. Glusman; Alberto Costa; V. Craig Jordan

2010-01-01

225

Effects of repeated ultrasound-guided transvaginal follicular aspiration on bovine oocyte recovery and subsequent follicular development.  

PubMed

We wished to compare cumulus oocyte complex (COC) recovery and follicle development after single and repeated ultrasound-guided transvaginal follicle aspiration (aspiration). Aspirations were performed in Holstein-Friesian heifers every once weekly (every 7 d; n = 12) or twice weekly (every 3 or 4 d; n = 6) starting on Days 3 or 4 of the estrous cycle (estrus = Day 0) and continuing for 4 wk. During each session, all visible follicles > 2 mm were aspirated using an 7.5 MHz transducer to guide an 18 ga x 60 cm single lumen needle and applying 50 mm Hg vacuum which generated 25 mL/min. The COC's harvested from each follicle were counted and classified into 4 categories. Post-aspiration follicle wave emergence was traced by daily ultrasound examinations. A total of 1410 follicles were aspirated during 96 sessions, yielding 632 (45%)oocytes. There was no difference in average COC/follicle recovered between the single vs the repeated aspiration treatment. However, ovaries of heifers subjected to two aspirations per week yielded more follicles (17.2 +/- 5.7 vs 12.4 +/- 6.1; P < 0.01) and COC's (7.7 +/- 4.5 vs 5.4 +/- 3.7; P < 0.01) per session than those subjected to a single aspiration. Ovaries of heifers subjected to twice weekly aspirations at 4-d intervals resulted in a higher recovery rate (51.1 vs 38.6%), yielded more COC's (9.3 +/- 4.7 vs 6.2 +/- 3.8) and a higher number of viable COC's recovered per session (7.6 +/- 3.8 vs 5.2 +/- 3.3) than those aspirated every 3 d, all P < 0.01. Aspiration-induced follicle waves were indicated by an increased number of follicle > or = 4 mm seen within 2 d of the procedure. We conclude that follicle aspiration appears to induce and synchronize follicle waves, and when it is done twice a week it is associated with higher number of harvestable follicles and more oocytes recovered than when done once a week. These results can be attributed to the aspiration of a newly recruited pull of follicles 3 or 4 d after the first aspiration and before the establishment of follicular dominance and regression of subordinate follicles. PMID:10732148

Garcia, A; Salaheddine, M

1998-09-01

226

Collection of oocytes through transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of follicles in an Indian breed of cattle.  

PubMed

The present study was undertaken in Karan Fries, an Indian breed of cattle to (1) determine the number of follicles available for puncture and (2) explore the potential of this breed as a donor of developmentally competent oocytes. Ovum pick-up (OPU) was performed using an ultrasound machine with a transvaginal convex transducer (5 MHz) with a needle guide, single lumen 19-gauge 60 cm long needle and a vacuum pressure of 90 mmHg. The number and size of follicles in each ovary was determined before puncture. The follicles were characterized on the basis of their diameter as small (3-5 mm), medium (6-9 mm) and large (>/=10 mm). The oocytes recovered were classified by quality. They were matured in vitro, irrespective of their grade, in 50 microl droplets of the in vitro maturation (IVM) medium (TCM-199+10% fetal bovine serum(FBS)+5 microg/ml follicle stimulating hormone (folltropin)+1 microg/ml estradiol-17beta+0.2 mM sodium pyruvate), covered with paraffin oil, in 35 mm petridish for 24 h in a CO(2) incubator (5% CO(2) in air) at 38.5 degrees C. The cleavage rate was recorded at day 2 post-insemination after subjecting the oocytes to in vitro fertilization (IVF). The differences in follicular populations of all size categories among individual donors were not significant. A total of 92 oocytes were recovered by aspiration of 157 follicles, with an overall recovery rate of 59% (range 35-79%). Of these, 32% were of grades A and B and the rest of grades C and D. The mean numbers of total follicles and the oocytes recovered per session did not differ significantly among individual donors. Out of the 73 oocytes subjected to IVM and IVF, 24 reached 2-4 cell stage at day 2 post-fertilization, with a cleavage rate of 33%. The total number of oocytes recovered was correlated with the number of small (R=0.54, P<0.01) but not with the number of medium and large follicles. This study demonstrates the use of OPU as a means of obtaining developmentally competent oocytes from an Indian breed of cattle for obtaining cattle oocytes in India where cow slaughter is not allowed for religious reasons. PMID:12586489

Manik, R S; Singla, S K; Palta, P

2003-04-15

227

Clinical study of scrotum scintigraphy in 49 patients with acute scrotal pain: a comparison with ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The significance of scrotum scintigraphy in differentiating acute testicular torsion from acute orchiepididymitis was evaluated. In this report, 49 patients with acute scrotal pain were examined with radionuclide scrotum scintigraphy and ultrasonography in parallel for comparison. Of 37 patients with decreased radioactivity in the abnormal side scrotum, 35 were diagnosed with testicular torsion surgically and the other 2 were diagnosed with indirect inguinal hernia. Only 17 among the 35 patients were diagnosed by ultrasonography as having testicular torsion. The remaining 12 patients with increased radioactivity in the abnormal side of the scrotum were all diagnosed with orchiepididymitis through conservative treatment and clinical follow-up, but only 8 of the 12 were correctly and exactly diagnosed by ultrasonography. In the process of diagnosing acute scrotal pain, radionuclide scrotum scintigraphy has obvious advantage over ultrasonography. It also has the advantage of being simple, fast and accurate but without any detrimental effect on the human body. PMID:11545192

Yuan, Z; Luo, Q; Chen, L; Zhu, J; Zhu, R

2001-06-01

228

Comparison of Radiography and Ultrasonography for Diagnosis of Diaphragmatic Hernia in Bovines  

PubMed Central

The present study was conducted on 101 animals suffering from thoracoabdominal disorders; out of which twenty seven animals (twenty six buffaloes and one cow) were diagnosed with diaphragmatic hernia based on clinical signs, radiography, ultrasonography, and left flank laparorumenotomy. Radiography alone confirmed diaphragmatic hernia in 18 cases (66.67%) with a sac-like structure cranial to the diaphragm. In 15 animals the sac contained metallic densities while in three cases a sac-like structure with no metallic densities was present. Ultrasonography was helpful in confirming diaphragmatic hernia in 23 cases (85.18%) and ultrasonographically reticular motility was evident at the level of 4th/5th intercostal space in all the animals. B+M mode ultrasonography was used for the first time for diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines and the results suggested that ultrasonography was a reliable diagnostic modality for diaphragmatic hernia in bovines. PMID:20445795

Athar, Hakim; Mohindroo, Jitender; Singh, Kiranjeet; Kumar, Ashwani; Raghunath, Mulinti

2010-01-01

229

Comparison of radiography and ultrasonography for diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted on 101 animals suffering from thoracoabdominal disorders; out of which twenty seven animals (twenty six buffaloes and one cow) were diagnosed with diaphragmatic hernia based on clinical signs, radiography, ultrasonography, and left flank laparorumenotomy. Radiography alone confirmed diaphragmatic hernia in 18 cases (66.67%) with a sac-like structure cranial to the diaphragm. In 15 animals the sac contained metallic densities while in three cases a sac-like structure with no metallic densities was present. Ultrasonography was helpful in confirming diaphragmatic hernia in 23 cases (85.18%) and ultrasonographically reticular motility was evident at the level of 4th/5th intercostal space in all the animals. B+M mode ultrasonography was used for the first time for diagnosis of diaphragmatic hernia in bovines and the results suggested that ultrasonography was a reliable diagnostic modality for diaphragmatic hernia in bovines. PMID:20445795

Athar, Hakim; Mohindroo, Jitender; Singh, Kiranjeet; Kumar, Ashwani; Raghunath, Mulinti

2010-01-01

230

The role of chest ultrasonography in the management of respiratory diseases: document II  

PubMed Central

Chest ultrasonography can be a useful diagnostic tool for respiratory physicians. It can be used to complete and widen the general objective examination also in emergency situations, at the patient’s bedside. The aim of this document is to promote better knowledge and more widespread use of thoracic ultrasound among respiratory physicians in Italy. This document II is focused on advanced approaches to chest ultrasonography especially in diagnosing sonographic interstitial syndrome with physical hypotheses about the genesis of vertical artifacts, differential diagnosis of cardiogenic pulmonary edema and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, raising diagnostic suspicion of pulmonary embolism, ultrasound characterization of lung consolidations and the use of ultrasonography to guide procedural interventions in pulmonology. Finally, document II focuses on chest ultrasonography as useful diagnostic tool in neonatal and pediatric care. PMID:23937897

2013-01-01

231

Sex detection of the bovine fetus using linear array real-time ultrasonography  

E-print Network

SEX DETECTION OF THE BOVINE FETUS USING LINEAR ARRAY REAL-TINE ULTRASONOGRAPHY A Thesis DONALD W I DEMAN I JR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... in reproductive research for many years. The cattle industry has not been aware of the potential that reproduc- tive ultrasonography can have commercially until recently. As this study shows, sex determination of the bovine fetus using ultrasound can be a...

Wideman, Donald

1990-01-01

232

Lesions of biliary hamartoms can be diagnosed by ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging  

PubMed Central

Aims: This study is to compare the value of ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of biliary hamartomas. Methods: From 2003 to 2013, 15 cases of liver biopsies were found to have biliary hamartomas, including 3 cases excluded from this study. The remaining 12 patients were 7 women and 5 men aged from 28 to 66 years (mean age, 53 years). Ultrasonography examinations were performed by two different scanners using 3.5- to 5.0-MHz convex array transducers. Eight patients were examined by plain and contrast CT including 2 cases with Sensation Cardiac 64 and 6 cases with Somatom definition dual source CT. MRI was performed by a 3 T system using an eight-channel phased-array torso coil. Using pathology slides, lesions were classified into class 1 (predominantly solid), class 2 (intermediate, mixed solid and cystic), and class 3 (predominantly cystic). Results: Patients with biliary hamartomas have distributed lesions. Ultrasonography can be used to diagnose biliary hamartomas, with occasional mistakes. CT is effective in the diagnosis of biliary hamartomas. MRI is capable of diagnosing biliary hamartomas. Histopathological examination provides a direct means to classify the degrees of lesions caused by biliary hamartomas. Conclusions: Biliary hamartomas showed characteristic features on imaging findings by ultrasonography, CT, and MRI. Although abdominal ultrasonography could detect suspected biliary hamartomas, the best choice for further diagnosis is MRI examination instead of CT. In addition, follow-up ultrasonography examinations are necessary. PMID:25419370

Liu, Shaoling; Zhao, Bin; Ma, Jincai; Li, Jichang; Li, Xin

2014-01-01

233

Role of single photon emission computed tomography and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in clinical vasospasm.  

PubMed

This report presents our experience with Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) in the assessment of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). It was designed to evaluate clinical vasospasm with both TCD and SPECT and determine their diagnostic value. Twenty-eight consecutive patients were examined with both TCD and SPECT, performed within 24 hours of each other. They had a total of 45 TCDs and 46 SPECT scans. Eight patients (29%) developed clinical vasospasm, noted from day 2 to day 11 post subarachnoid haemorrhage; these patients underwent TCDs and SPECT scans when the diagnosis of vasospasm was made. Twenty patients (71%) did not demonstrate clinical vasospasm throughout their hospital stay and underwent TCDs and SPECT scans within the first 2 weeks of their SAH, mostly between day 2 and day 10, the period of greatest risk for vasospasm. TCD and SPECT sensitivity for clinical vasospasm was 100% and 50% respectively, their specificity was only 20% and 60%. TCD sensitivity for symptomatic vasospasm was found to be excellent, whereas SPECT was not found to be as useful. We conclude that TCD is the preferred method in the evaluation of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage. PMID:12217668

Jabre, Anthony; Babikian, Viken; Powsner, Rachel A; Spatz, Edward L

2002-07-01

234

Evaluation of the development of the fetal anal sphincter with tomography ultrasonography imaging.  

PubMed

The aim of the study described here was to examine the potential of tomography ultrasonography imaging (TUI) in evaluation of the fetal anal sphincter. In this prospective cross-sectional study of the fetal anal sphincter with TUI, 326 singleton pregnancies (mean age = 28 y, range: 22-38 y) were scanned at 19-40 wk of gestation. The fetal anal region and ischium were revealed in 320 of 326 patients (98.2%). The normal fetal anal sphincter diameter and ischial space reached maximums of 15 and 39 mm, respectively. The normal fetal anal sphincter diameter and the ischial space were plotted as a function of gestational age (GA) on a linear curve, and the regression equations for normal fetal anal sphincter diameter and ischial space as a function of GA in weeks were obtained. A scatterplot was also created that revealed a significant positive relationship between normal fetal anal sphincter diameter and ischial space. On the basis of these criteria, imperforate anus was diagnosed in one fetus. Ultrasonographic assessment of the fetal anal sphincter and the ischium with TUI is feasible. The reference values reported in this article may be useful in prenatal diagnosis of fetal anal sphincter abnormalities. PMID:25438852

Guang, Yang; Wang, Xi; Cai, Ai-Lu; Xie, Li-Mei; Ding, Hai-Long; Meng, Xin-Yue

2015-01-01

235

Usefulness of fetal three-dimensional ultrasonography for detecting of congenital heart defects and associated syndromes.  

PubMed

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) occur in 1% of live-born infants and frequently are associated with extracardiac malformations. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) in fetuses with CHD and to investigate whether 3DUS can add information about the heart and general fetal morphology that shows other congenital malformations or suggests syndromes. For 30 fetuses affected by CHD, 3DUS was performed using a Sonos 7500 ultrasound machine with a cardiac 3D transducer. In 44% of the exams, 3DUS was completely diagnostic for the CHD, providing additional information in 28% of the exams. Furthermore, 3DUS showed 82% of associated malformations, providing the complete diagnosis in 57% of the cases and helping with recognition of syndromes in others. The diagnostic accuracy of 3DUS was superior, with a higher number of acquisitions per exam. Performance was better in fetuses younger than 24 weeks for general morphologic details and in fetuses older than 24 weeks for the heart morphology. PMID:21479665

Zabadneh, Nadia; Santagati, Claudia; Reffo, Elena; Biffanti, Roberta; Cerutti, Alessia; Maschietto, Nicola; Milanesi, Ornella

2011-08-01

236

Correlation of Masseter Muscle Thickness and Intermolar Width - An Ultrasonography Study  

PubMed Central

Background: To determine the association between the thickness of masseter muscle and the maxillary dental arch width. To explore the influence of gender on masseter muscle thickness. Materials & methods: Seventy subjects (35 females and 35 males) of age 18 to 25 years were selected for the study based on class I molar relationship. The masseter muscle thickness of the right and left sides in every subject were found out through ultrasound scanning of the muscle, in both relaxed and clenched states. The maxillary dental arch width was measured on the study model with an electronic caliper. Student t test, Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was performed to assess the sample. Results: Masseter Muscle Thickness showed a positive correlation with Maxillary Dental Arch Width r ?0.74. The masseter muscle thickness is greater in male subjects in both relaxed (0.001

Ultrasonography Study. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(2):28-34. PMID:24155588

Tircoveluri, Saritha; Singh, Johar Rajvinder; Rayapudi, Naveen; Karra, Arjun; Begum, Mohammadi; Challa, Padmalatha

2013-01-01

237

Predicting onset of labor from echogenicity of the cervical gland area on vaginal ultrasonography at term.  

PubMed

Abstract Background and aim: On vaginal ultrasonography, cervical gland area (CGA) gradually disappears with advancing gestation. This is attributed in part to the echogenicity of the CGA becoming equal to that of the cervical stroma. The present study aimed to assess the usefulness of echogenicity in the CGA at term for predicting the time of spontaneous onset of labor. Methods: The ratio of mean grayscale level (MGL) in the CGA to that in the cervical stroma (CGA/stroma MGL ratio) was estimated as an index of echogenicity in the CGA in women after 36 weeks of gestation (n=190). Using this ratio, time until onset of labor was predicted among women between 37 and 38 weeks (n=104). Results: CGA/stroma MGL ratio increased with advancing gestation, decreasing cervical length (CL), and increasing Bishop score. Univariate logistic analysis indicated that a combination of CL<20 mm and CGA/stroma MGL ratio ?100% predicted onset of labor within a week [odds ratio (OR), 22.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.4-202.0] was even better than short CL alone (OR, 6.8; 95%CI, 1.7-26.7; P=0.006). Stepwise logistic analysis identified that this combination was an only independent predictor (OR, 20.8; 95%CI, 2.3-188.5; P=0.007). Conclusion: The combination of CGA/stroma MGL ratio ?100% and short CL may offer a useful predictor of onset of labor. PMID:25153545

Yamaguchi, Michiko; Fukami, Tekehiko; Asakura, Hirobumi; Takeshita, Toshiyuki

2014-08-19

238

Non-contact photoacoustic tomography and ultrasonography for biomedical imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and ultrasonography (US) of biological tissues usually rely on ultrasonic transducers for the detection of ultrasound. For an optimum sensitivity, transducers require a physical contact with the tissue using a coupling fluid (water or gel). Such a contact is a major drawback in important potential applications such as surgical procedures on human beings and small animal imaging in research laboratories. On the other hand, laser ultrasonics (LU) is a well established optical technique for the non-contact generation and detection of ultrasound in industrial materials. In this paper, the remote optical detection scheme used in industrial LU is adapted to allow the detection of ultrasound in biological tissues while remaining below laser exposure safety limits. Both non-contact PAT (NCPAT) and non-contact US (NCUS) are considered experimentally using a high-power single-frequency detection laser emitting suitably shaped pulses and a confocal Fabry-Perot interferometer in differential configuration. It is shown that an acceptable sensitivity is obtained while remaining below the maximum permissible exposure (MPE) of biological tissues. Results were obtained ex vivo on chicken breast specimens with embedded inclusions simulating blood vessels optical properties. Sub-mm inclusions are readily detected at depths approaching 1 cm. The method is expected to be applicable to living tissues.

Rousseau, Guy; Lévesque, Daniel; Blouin, Alain; Monchalin, Jean-Pierre

2012-02-01

239

Non-contact photoacoustic tomography and ultrasonography for brain imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and ultrasonography (US) of biological tissues usually rely on transducer arrays for the detection of ultrasound. Obtaining the best sensitivity requires a physical contact with the tissue using an intermediate coupling fluid (water or gel). This type of contact is a major drawback for several applications such as neurosurgery. Laser-ultrasonics is an established optical technique for the non-contact generation and detection of ultrasound in industrial materials. In this paper, the non-contact detection scheme used in laser-ultrasonics is adapted to allow probing of ultrasound in biological tissues while remaining below laser exposure safety limits. Both non-contact PAT (NCPAT) and non-contact US (NCUS) are demonstrated experimentally using a single-frequency detection laser emitting suitably shaped pulses and a confocal Fabry-Perot interferometer. It is shown that an acceptable sensitivity is obtained while remaining below the maximum permissible exposure (MPE) of biological tissues. Results obtained ex vivo with a calf brain specimen show that sub-mm endogenous and exogenous inclusions can be detected at depths exceeding 1 cm. When fully developed, the technique could be a unique diagnostic tool in neurosurgery providing deep imaging of blood vessels, blood clots and blood oxygenation.

Rousseau, Guy; Blouin, Alain; Monchalin, Jean-Pierre

2012-02-01

240

Applications of diagnostic ultrasonography in small ruminant reproductive management.  

PubMed

Modern portable ultrasound machines provide the veterinary clinician with an inexpensive and non-invasive method to further examine the reproductive tract of both male and female sheep on farm which should take no more than 5 min with the results available immediately. Unlike cattle, ultrasound examination of the ovaries is not undertaken because failure to cycle during the normal season is rare in sheep and there are no common ovarian conditions causing acyclicity. Accurate diagnosis of foetal number has greatly improved the nutritional management of late gestation ewes over the past 30 years. Late gestation nutritional supply in response to foetal demand greatly reduces perinatal lamb mortality by ensuring lamb birthweight and ewe colostrum accumulation. The contents of vaginal prolapse have been determined using ultrasonography which has led to an improved method for correction. A retained foetus when second stage labour is considered to have been completed, and uterine torsion, can be identified during ultrasound examination allowing timely correction. Ultrasonographic examination of palpable scrotal abnormalities can provide much useful information particularly in the diagnosis of epididymitis, orchitis and testicular atrophy. PMID:22341010

Scott, P R

2012-02-01

241

Evaluation of the diagnostic and prognostic utility of ultrasonography at first diagnosis of presumptive bovine respiratory disease  

PubMed Central

This project investigated the use of ultrasonography at first diagnosis of presumptive early bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in feedlot cattle from western Canada. One hundred seventy-four cattle (116 cases and 58 controls) at high risk of developing BRD were enrolled in a prospective longitudinal study over 2 y (2006–2007). Cattle with clinical signs relating to the respiratory system and assessed as sick at the time of feedlot arrival (arrival fever cases) or assessed as sick in the pen 3 to 30 d post-arrival (post-arrival fever cases, post-arrival no fevers cases) were eligible for enrollment. Control animals were identified at the time of case enrollments. Ultrasonography was done using a 3.5 sector transducer at enrollment and at 2, 4, and 6 wk post-enrollment. Lung lesions were identified at least 1 time over the course of the trial in 32/116 (28%) cases and 9/58 (16%) controls. At enrollment, lung lesions were identified in 20/115 (17%) cases and 2/55 (4%) controls (data unreadable n = 4). Post-arrival fever cases (14/48) were the most likely to have a lesion identified using ultrasound. In arrival fever cases, average daily gain (enrollment to last ultrasound, average 34 d) was improved (P = 0.007) in cattle identified with a lesion at enrollment using ultrasound compared with those not identified with a lesion at that time, potentially demonstrating the effects of gut fill at arrival weighing, as these sicker animals may have eaten less prior to arrival and, therefore, had more room for improvement in weight over time due to restoration of normal gut fill. None of the ultrasound time points explored (enrollment, 2, 4, or 6 wk post-enrollment) were associated with the animal health outcomes of interest (subsequent treatment, chronicity, wastage, or mortality) for cattle enrolled at arrival or post-arrival. Ultrasonography using a 3.5 sector transducer was not particularly effective as a prognostic/diagnostic tool for early detection of BRD, but may be useful in targeted populations of animals with respiratory disease of longer duration (such as chronic pens). PMID:22754091

Abutarbush, Sameeh M.; Pollock, Colleen M.; Wildman, Brian K.; Perrett, Tye; Schunicht, Oliver C.; Fenton, R. Kent; Hannon, Sherry J.; Vogstad, Amanda R.; Jim, G. Kee; Booker, Calvin W.

2012-01-01

242

Use of real-time ultrasonography as an alternative method for early detection, confirmation and evaluation of rat pregnancy.  

PubMed

Researchers sometimes face difficulties in the diagnosis of pregnancy and assessment of embryonic development. Ultrasonography (US) is a non-invasive imaging method with minimal side effects on the subjects or operators. It provides real-time evaluation of the physiology of rapidly moving structures (i.e., heart) and facilitates evaluation of fetal tissue development. US discerns tissues based on composition, making it the imaging method of choice for abdominal examination. In this study we used real-time US as an alternative method for early diagnosis of pregnancy in rats. Sixty-four Wistar rats aged 16-20 wk were examined, and day 8 was the earliest point at which pregnancy could be detected. We constructed a detailed timeline of embryonic features detectable by US on days 8 to 19. We trust this index will be a valuable tool. More refined work toward a more detailed "atlas" will help to reduce animal sacrifice during embryonic development studies. PMID:24462150

Stasinopoulou, Marianna; Mantziaras, George; Paronis, Euthimios; Balafas, Evangelos; Lelovas, Pavlos; Samara, Athina; Kostomitsopoulos, Nikolaos

2014-06-01

243

Does Prebiopsy, Nonsterile Ultrasonography Gel Affect Biopsy-Site Asepsis?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the use of nonsterile gel, prior to antiseptic procedures in ultrasonography (US)-guided percutaneous biopsies, results in contamination of the biopsy site. Materials and Methods. Patients referred for US-guided percutaneous biopsies were included in this study. Transmission material used for US evaluation before biopsy-site antiseptic procedures were performed was either nonsterile gel or sterile saline. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups: nonsterile gel (n = 30) and sterile saline (n = 30). Before the transmission material was used and after antiseptic procedures were performed, microbial swabs of a 10-cm{sup 2}-diameter area were obtained at the biopsy site. Swabs were also obtained from the gel, saline, and povidine-iodine. Inoculated specimen plates were incubated at 37{sup o}C under aerobic conditions, and the numbers of colony-forming units recorded. Nominal logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds of postantisepsis bacterial growth (after antiseptic procedures were performed) based on group, gender, coincidental disease (diabetes, chronic renal failure, and malignancy), biopsy-site location (head and neck or breast and abdomen), and local factors (skin fold, skin tag, and hair). Results. The following odds ratios (adjusted for the other variables) and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated: (1) group (2.9 [0.8-11.1]; p = 0.10); (2) gender (1.2 [0.3-5.2]; p = 0.78); (3) coincidental disease (7.6 [0.9-166.7]; p = 0.09); (4) biopsy site location (6.2 [1.4-31.3]; p = 0.02); and (5) local factors (7.0 [1.6-36.0]; p = 0.01). No bacterial growth occurred with swabs obtained from gel, povidine-iodine, or saline. Conclusion. We conclude that nonsterile gel used prior to percutaneous biopsy does not affect biopsy-site asepsis.

Gurel, Kamil [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Izzet Baysal School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey)], E-mail: kamilgurel@hotmail.com; Karabay, Oguz [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Izzet Baysal School of Medicine, Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (Turkey); Gurel, Safiye [Abant Izzet Baysal University, Izzet Baysal School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Hildebolt, Charles [Washington University, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (United States)

2008-01-15

244

Ultrasonography – A diagnostic modality for oral and maxillofacial diseases  

PubMed Central

Background: Many diseases present themselves in oral and maxillofacial regions and various modalities may be applied for their diagnosis, including intraoral and panoramic radiography, ultrasonography (USG), computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and nuclear medicine methods such as positron emission tomography. Of these modalities, USG is easy to-use for the detection of non-invasive and soft tissue related diseases in oral and maxillofacial regions. USG plays an important role in analyzing normal and abnormal structures. In particular, in oral and maxillofacial regions, the USG may be clinically applied to evaluate lymph nodes, subcutaneous, and oral cavity-related diseases. Aims: The aim was to correlate the findings of USG and histopathology for the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial pathology and to evaluate whether USG can be used as an adjunct in diagnosing oral and maxillofacial pathology. Materials and Methods: A total of 10 clinically diagnosed patients with intraoral cancerous growths, swellings in maxillary and neck region were included in this study. Incision biopsy was obtained for confirming provisional clinical diagnosis. The selected cases were advised USG. All patients were then posted either for hemi-glossectomy, hemi-mandibulectomy, and partial maxillectomy with or without radical neck dissection. Statistical Analysis: Student's t-test and coefficient of correlation was used to statistically analyze significant relationship of both the methods. Result: In all 10 cases, USG correlated well with histopathology findings, it could also delineate tumor extent and measure tumor thickness. Conclusion: USG is an excellent method for the diagnosis of soft tissue lesions and can be used as an adjunct in diagnosing oral and maxillofacial pathology. PMID:25191071

Joshi, Priya Shirish; Pol, Jaydeep; Sudesh, Ahale Sumeet

2014-01-01

245

Dacryocystocele on prenatal ultrasonography: diagnosis and postnatal outcomes  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To report the incidence of dacryocystoceles detected by prenatal ultrasonography (US) and their postnatal outcomes and to determine the factors associated with the postnatal persistence of dacryocystoceles at birth. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the prenatal US database at our institution for the period between January 2012 and December 2013. The medical records of women who had fetuses diagnosed with dacryocystocel larger than 5 mm were reviewed for maternal age, gestational age (GA) at detection, size and side of the dacryocystoceles, delivery, and postnatal information, such as GA at delivery, delivery mode, and gender of the neonate. Results: A total of 49 singletons were diagnosed with a dacryocystocele on prenatal US, yielding an overall incidence of 0.43%. The incidence of dacryocystoceles was the highest at the GA of 27 weeks and decreased toward term. Of the 49 fetuses including three of undeter mined gender, 25 (54%) were female. The mean GA at first detection was 31.2 weeks. The dacryocystocele was unilateral in 29 cases, with a mean maximum diameter of 7 mm. Spontaneous resolution at birth was documented in 35 out of 46 neonates (76%), including six with prenatal resolution. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that GA at delivery was a significant predictor of the postnatal persistence of dacryocystoceles (P=0.045). Conclusion: The overall incidence of prenatal dacryocystoceles was 0.43%; the incidence was higher in the early third trimester and decreased thereafter. Prenatal dacryocystoceles resolved in 76% of the patients at birth, and the GA at delivery was a significant predictor of postnatal persistence. PMID:25475649

2015-01-01

246

Adding Doppler ultrasonography to the follow-up of patients with vasospastic disorder improves objectivity.  

PubMed

Background Assessing therapeutic efficacy and patient satisfaction objectively and quantitatively has always been a problem in patients with vasospastic disorders. We aimed to present the additive value of ultrasonographic assessment of peripheral arteries secondary to cold stimulation, as a test for treatment efficacy during follow-up. Material and Methods Arterial blood flow rates were measured from radial artery with Doppler USG in patients who presented to our department with vasospastic disorders. Ultrasonography was performed at the following intervals; before cold stimulation and at 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th minutes of cold stimulation. Patients were controlled by repeat cold stimulation test and Doppler US at the 2nd month of the treatment. Results were analyzed with SPSS for Mac 20.0 package program. Results We enrolled 46 patients in the study. All patients were male and mean age was 22.3±2.17 years. Most common symptoms were cyanosis and coldness. There were statistically significant differences between pre-treatment and post-treatment arterial blood flow rates at each measurement time point (p<0.001) except initial measurement (p>0.05). On post-treatment values, there were 10.04±0.78 cm/s increase in 5th minute, 6.25±1.39 cm/s in 10th minute, 6.43±2.13 cm/s in 15th minute, and 6.38±1.86 cm/s in 20th minute measurements. All increases at the 5 time points were statistically meaningful when compared to their pre-treatment corresponding time points (p<0.001). Conclusions Doppler flowmetry added to standard cold stimulation test for evaluating the patients with vasospastic disorders provides better and more objective results when compared to the patient-oriented subjective scoring systems. PMID:25639947

Karabacak, Kubilay; Kadan, Murat; Kaya, Erkan; Erol, Gokhan; Arslan, Gokhan; Celik, Murat; Do?anci, Suat; Demirkilic, Ufuk

2015-01-01

247

Endorectal ultrasonography, strain elastography and MRI differentiation of rectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas  

PubMed Central

Aim Strain elastography is a method for recording tissue hardness. Strain in different areas may be compared using strain ratio (SR). The aims of this study were to validate a previously proposed SR cut-off value of 1.25 for differentiating adenocarcinomas from adenomas and to compare the performance of endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS), strain elastography and MRI in the same patients. Method A prospective evaluation of 120 consecutive patients with rectal neoplasia, using a predetermined elastography strain ratio cut-off value, was performed to differentiate adenomas from adenocarcinomas. ERUS and MRI were performed according to standard routine at Haukeland University Hospital, defining T0 as adenomas and T1–T4 as adenocarcinomas. Subsequent histopathology was used as the reference standard. Results Histopathological evaluation revealed 21 adenomas and 99 adenocarcinomas. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy (with 95% CI) were as follows: ERUS: 0.96 (0.90–0.99), 0.62 (0.40–0.80) and 0.90 (0.83–0.94); elastography SR: 0.96 (0.90–0.99), 0.86 (0.66–0.96) and 0.94 (0.88–0.97); and MRI: 0.99 (0.94–1.00), 0.07 (0.00–0.31) and 0.87 (0.80–0.93). Conclusion This study confirms that the elastography SR assessment accurately differentiates sessile adenomas from adenocarcinomas. SR assessment has a superior ability to differentiate adenomas and adenocarcinomas when compared with ERUS and MRI. MRI examination seems unable to recognize adenomas and should be interpreted with care when early-stage rectal neoplasia is suspected. PMID:25407010

Waage, J E R; Leh, S; Røsler, C; Pfeffer, F; Bach, S P; Havre, R F; Haldorsen, I S; Ødegaard, S; Baatrup, G

2015-01-01

248

GnRH analogue treatment on LH surge day 0 followed by single transvaginal artificial insemination with frozen semen on day 5 in bitches.  

PubMed

Reproductive parameters were evaluated in 19 and 14 estrous beagles that received 100 µg of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and saline treatment, respectively, on the day of luteinizing hormone (LH) surge (Day 0; estimated by serial progesterone assay) and balloon catheter-aided single transvaginal artificial insemination of frozen semen on Day 5. Although the conception rate and litter size were similar between the GnRH and saline groups, the concentration of LH peak was significantly higher in GnRH-treated bitches (P<0.01). In addition, the actual LH surge did not occur on the estimated Day 0 in one saline-treated bitch. In clinical practice that daily progesterone assay is difficult, administration of GnRH on estimated Day 0 would be recommended to induce or enhance the LH surge for timely and successful insemination. PMID:25311914

Ohtaki, Tadatoshi; Koga, Yasuna; Ono, Mamiko; Watanabe, Gen; Taya, Kazuyoshi; Tsumagari, Shigehisa

2015-02-17

249

GnRH analogue treatment on LH surge day 0 followed by single transvaginal artificial insemination with frozen semen on day 5 in bitches  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Reproductive parameters were evaluated in 19 and 14 estrous beagles that received 100 µg of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and saline treatment, respectively, on the day of luteinizing hormone (LH) surge (Day 0; estimated by serial progesterone assay) and balloon catheter-aided single transvaginal artificial insemination of frozen semen on Day 5. Although the conception rate and litter size were similar between the GnRH and saline groups, the concentration of LH peak was significantly higher in GnRH-treated bitches (P<0.01). In addition, the actual LH surge did not occur on the estimated Day 0 in one saline-treated bitch. In clinical practice that daily progesterone assay is difficult, administration of GnRH on estimated Day 0 would be recommended to induce or enhance the LH surge for timely and successful insemination. PMID:25311914

OHTAKI, Tadatoshi; KOGA, Yasuna; ONO, Mamiko; WATANABE, Gen; TAYA, Kazuyoshi; TSUMAGARI, Shigehisa

2014-01-01

250

Real-Time Visualization of Ultrasonography Guided Cubital Tunnel Injection: A Cadaveric Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe an ultrasonography-guided technique for cubital tunnel injection. Method The ulnar nerves from 12 elbows of 6 adult cadavers were scanned, and the cross-sectional areas of the ulnar nerves, cubital tunnel inlets and outlets were measured by using ultrasonography. All elbows were dissected after an ultrasonography-guided dye injection at the inlet of the cubital tunnel. The dissectors evaluated the spread of dye and the coloration of the nerve and remeasured the cross-sectional areas of the cubital tunnel inlets and outlets. Results After a real-time visualization of an ultrasonography-guided injection, the ulnar nerves were seperated from the medial groove for the ulnar nerve. All the ulnar nerves of the cadavers were successfully colored with the dye, from the inlet to oulet of the cubital tunnel. The post-injection cross-sectional areas were significantly larger than the pre-injection cross-sectional areas. No significant differences were detected in the post-injection cross-sectional areas of the cubital tunnel outlet and the ulnar nerve as compared with the pre-injection areas. Conclusion Clinicians should consider real-time visualization of ultrasonography for guided injection around the ulnar nerve at the inlet of the cubital tunnel. PMID:22977775

Kim, Jae Min; Kim, Min-Wook

2012-01-01

251

High-resolution ultrasonography for the diagnosis of brachial plexus root lesions.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using high-resolution ultrasonography in the diagnosis of brachial plexus (BP) root lesions. A prospective study of ultrasonographic evaluation of BP nerve roots was performed in 37 patients with BP root lesions (29 with root injuries, 8 with tumors). The pre-operative ultrasonographic findings were compared with the surgical and pathohistological findings. All C5-7 roots were detected by ultrasonography in all patients, whereas 92% (68/74) of C8 and 51% (38/74) of T1 nerve roots were visualized. Among 29 patients with BP root avulsion, partial injuries or totally interrupted BP roots were detected in all patients. Cystic masses and neuromas were detected in 16 and 23 patients, respectively. In 8 patients with BP root tumors, 8 hypo-echoic masses were detected inside or partly outside of intervertebral foramina connecting to nerve roots. Surgical exploration revealed that there were 57 BP root avulsions in 29 patients. However, 2 T1 nerve root avulsions had been missed by pre-operative ultrasonography. Pathohistology revealed that all 8 BP root tumors pre-operatively diagnosed by ultrasonography were schwannomas. High-resolution ultrasonography can provide a convenient and accurate imaging modality for quick diagnosis and location of BP root lesions. PMID:24768481

Zhu, Yong-Sheng; Mu, Nan-Nan; Zheng, Min-Juan; Zhang, Yun-Chu; Feng, Hua; Cong, Rui; Zhou, Xiao-Dong; Chen, Ding-Zhang

2014-07-01

252

Evaluation of phrenic nerve and diaphragm function with peripheral nerve stimulation and M-mode ultrasonography in potential pediatric phrenic nerve or diaphragm pacing candidates.  

PubMed

Assessing phrenic nerve function in the setting of diaphragmatic paralysis in diaphragm pacing candidates can be challenging. Traditional imaging modalities and electrodiagnostic evaluations are technically difficult. Either modality alone is not a direct measure of the function of the phrenic nerve and diaphragm unit. In this article, the authors present their method for evaluating phrenic nerve function and the resulting diaphragm function. Stimulating the phrenic nerve with transcutaneous stimulation and directly observing the resulting movement of the hemidiaphragm with M-mode ultrasonography provides quantitative data for predicting the success of advancing technologies such as phrenic nerve pacing and diaphragm pacing. PMID:25479785

Skalsky, Andrew J; Lesser, Daniel J; McDonald, Craig M

2015-02-01

253

The diagnostic value of ultrasonography in carpal tunnel syndrome: a comparison between diabetic and non-diabetic patients  

PubMed Central

Background To compare the value of ultrasonography for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods Eighty non-DM and 40 DM patients with electromyography-confirmed CTS were assessed and underwent high-resolution ultrasonography of the wrists. Cross-sectional area (CSA) and flattening ratio (FR) of the median nerve were measured at the carpal tunnel outlet (D) and wrist crease (W). Results The 80 non-DM and 40 DM patients had 81 and 59 CTS-hands, respectively. The CSA_D and CSA_W were significantly larger in the CTS-hands and DM-CTS-hands compared to the normal control (p?ultrasonography may be a diagnostic tool for evaluating CTS in DM and non-DM patients. PMID:23800072

2013-01-01

254

Diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography for rectal neuroendocrine neoplasms  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for rectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) and the differential diagnosis of rectal NENs from other subepithelial lesions (SELs). METHODS: The study group consisted of 36 consecutive patients with rectal NENs histopathologically diagnosed using biopsy and/or resected specimens. The control group consisted of 31 patients with homochronous rectal non-NEN SELs confirmed by pathology. Epithelial lesions such as cancer and adenoma were excluded from this study. One EUS expert blinded to the histological results reviewed the ultrasonic images. The size, original layer, echoic intensity and homogeneity of the lesions and the perifocal structures were investigated. The single EUS diagnosis recorded by the EUS expert was compared with the histological results. RESULTS: All NENs were located at the rectum 2-10 cm from the anus and appeared as nodular (n = 12), round (n = 19) or egg-shaped (n = 5) lesions with a hypoechoic (n = 7) or intermediate (n = 29) echo pattern and a distinct border. Tumors ranged in size from 2.3 to 13.7 mm, with an average size of 6.8 mm. Homogeneous echogenicity was seen in all tumors except three. Apart from three patients (stage T2 in two and stage T3 in one), the tumors were located in the second and/or third wall layer without involvement of the fourth and fifth layers. In the patients with stage T1 disease, the tumors were located in the second wall layer only in seven cases, the third wall layer only in two cases, and both the second and third wall layers in 27 cases. Approximately 94.4% (34/36) of rectal NENs were diagnosed correctly by EUS, and 74.2% (23/31) of other rectal SELs were classified correctly as non-NENs. Eight cases of other SELs were misdiagnosed as NENs, including two cases of inflammatory lesions and one case each of gastrointestinal tumor, endometriosis, metastatic tumor, lymphoma, neurilemmoma, and hemangioma. The positive predictive value of EUS for rectal NENs was 80.9% (34/42), the negative predictive value was 92.0% (23/25), and the diagnostic accuracy was 85.1%. CONCLUSION: EUS has satisfactory diagnostic accuracy for rectal NENs with good sensitivity, but unfavorable specificity, making the differential diagnosis of NENs from other SELs challenging. PMID:25132764

Chen, Hong-Tan; Xu, Guo-Qiang; Teng, Xiao-Dong; Chen, Yi-Peng; Chen, Li-Hua; Li, You-Ming

2014-01-01

255

Three- and four-dimensional ultrasonography for the structural and functional evaluation of the fetal face.  

PubMed

Ultrasonographic examination of the fetal face can provide information that may lead to the diagnosis of anomalies in other organs or systems. Thus, the fetal face represents a "diagnostic window" for fetal diseases and syndromes. Three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) improves the evaluation of anatomic fetal facial anomalies over what is possible by 2-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS). Four-dimensional ultrasonography (4DUS), by adding the temporal component to the examination, allows visualization of facial expressions that might be useful in the study of fetal behavior and maternal-fetal bonding. In this article, we evaluate the potential of 3D/4DUS for the study of structural and functional development of the fetal face. PMID:17014807

Kurjak, Asim; Azumendi, Guillermo; Andonotopo, Wiku; Salihagic-Kadic, Aida

2007-01-01

256

Efficacy of Ultrasonography Guided Stellate Ganglion Blockade in the Stroke Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare the efficacy of ultrasonography guided stellate ganglion block (US-SGB) with that of blind SGB in management of the stroke patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type 1. Method Forty-two patients with post-stroke CRPS were randomly assigned to either US-guided SGB (22 patients) or blind SGB group (20 patients). The mean age of US-guided SGB and blind SGB groups was 61.3±5.6 years and 59.1±4.5 years. We performed two blockades at 7-day intervals on the affected side of patients with CRPS. Pain intensity, using a visual analog score (VAS), score of CRPS clinical severity, and the amounts of affected hand swelling with a hand volumeter were assessed before, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after treatment. Results In both groups, VAS and the amount of hand swelling were significantly decreased after 2 weeks and after 4 weeks. Between two groups, VAS difference of US-guided SGB group and that of blind SGB group were 2.61±1.09, 1.88±0.62 at 2 weeks and 3.67±1.03, 3.13±0.62 at 4 weeks, respectively. US-guided SGB group showed more significant improvement in mean change of VAS compared to the blind SGB group (p-value<0.05). Conclusion Both US-guided SGB and blind SGB techniques were effective in relieving pain in subacute stroke patients with CRPS. US-guided SGB was better in pain relief but has no advantages in reduction of hand swelling in this study. PMID:23185727

Yoo, Seung Don; Kim, Hee-Sang; Yun, Dong Hwan; Kim, Dong Hwan; Chon, Jinmann; Hong, Dong Whan

2012-01-01

257

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for the evaluation of liver fibrosis after biliary obstruction  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate perfusion change in contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) to evaluate liver fibrosis based on biliary obstruction using an animal model. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits (3-4 kg) underwent bile duct ligation to form a biliary obstruction model. We performed liver CEUS and laboratory tests on the day before the operation (day 0) and every 7 postoperative days until the rabbits were sacrificed. After CEUS, signal intensity of liver parenchyma with a time-intensity curve was analyzed. Perfusion parameters were automatically calculated from region-of-interests, including peak signal intensity, mean transit time, area under the curve and time to peak. Histological grades of liver fibrosis were assessed according to the Metavir score system immediately after sacrifice. Generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the association between liver fibrosis grades and perfusion parameters for statistical analysis. The perfusion parameters were measured on the last day and the difference between day 0 and the last day were evaluated. RESULTS: From the nine rabbits, histological grades of liver fibrosis were grade 1 in one rabbit, grade 2 and 3 in three rabbits each, and grade 4 in two rabbits. Among the four CEUS parameters, only the peak signal intensity measured on the last day demonstrated a significant association with liver fibrosis grades (OR = 1.392, 95%CI: 1.114-1.741, P = 0.004). The difference in peak signal intensity between day 0 and the last day also demonstrated an association with liver fibrosis (OR = 1.191, 95%CI: 0.999-1.419, P = 0.051). The other parameters tested, including mean transit time, area under the curve, and time to peak, showed no significant correlation with liver fibrosis grades. CONCLUSION: This animal study demonstrates that CEUS can be used to evaluate liver fibrosis from biliary obstruction using peak signal intensity as a parameter. PMID:25759528

Shin, Hyun Joo; Chang, Eun Young; Lee, Hye Sun; Hong, Jung Hwa; Park, Gyuri; Kim, Hyun Gi; Kim, Myung-Joon; Lee, Mi-Jung

2015-01-01

258

Abdominal infections in patients with acute leukaemia: a prospective study applying ultrasonography and microbiology.  

PubMed

A prospective study of 62 chemotherapy-induced neutropenic episodes in patients with acute leukaemia was conducted to determine the incidence and causes of abdominal infections, and to assess the diagnostic value of the combined use of ultrasonography (US) and microbiology. Each patient underwent US of liver, gallbladder and complete bowel before chemotherapy, on days 2-4 after the end of chemotherapy and in cases of fever, diarrhoea or abdominal pain. US was combined with a standardized clinical examination and a broad spectrum of microbiological investigations. From January to August 2001, 243 US examinations were performed. The overall incidence of abdominal infectious diseases was 17.7% (11 out of 62, 95% confidence interval (CI): 9-29%). Four patients (6.5%) developed neutropenic enterocolitis; two of them died, two survived. Bowel wall thickening (BWT) > 4 mm in these four patients ranged from 5.8 to 23.6 mm and was detected only in one patient with mucositis. In three other patients (4.8%) Clostridium difficile, and in one patient (1.6%) Campylobacter jejuni, caused enterocolitis without BWT. Cholecystitis was diagnosed in three patients (4.8%) and hepatic candidiasis was strongly suspected in one patient. Abdominal infections caused by gastroenteritis viruses, cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Cryptosporidium were not observed. We conclude that in neutropenic patients with acute leukaemia receiving chemotherapy: (i) BWT is not a feature of chemotherapy-induced mucositis and should therefore be considered as sign of infectious enterocolitis; (ii) viruses, classic bacterial enteric pathogens (Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia, Campylobacter, Aeromonas, Vibrio subsp., enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli) and Cryptosporidium have a very low incidence; and (iii) abdominal infections may be underestimated when US is not used in every patient with abdominal pain. PMID:11972517

Gorschlüter, Marcus; Marklein, Günter; Höfling, Katja; Clarenbach, Ricarda; Baumgartner, Stefanie; Hahn, Corinna; Ziske, Carsten; Mey, Ulrich; Heller, Ricarda; Eis-Hübinger, Anna Maria; Sauerbruch, Tilman; Schmidt-Wolf, Ingo G H; Glasmacher, Axel

2002-05-01

259

Separation of the Proximal Humeral Epiphysis in the Newborn: Rapid Diagnosis with Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Separation of the proximal humeral epiphysis (SPHE) is a well-known occurrence and may occur secondary to trauma, infection, and nonaccidental trauma. Since most newborns do not have the proximal humeral epiphysis ossified at birth, the diagnosis may be difficult to make on routine radiographs. Ultrasonography of the shoulder in the newborn is rapid, noninvasive, and nonionizing imaging techniques which can diagnose SPHE. In this report, we describe and emphasize the diagnostic utility of state-of-the-art ultrasonography for the diagnosis of SPHE. PMID:25694841

Goldfisher, Rachelle; Amodio, John

2015-01-01

260

Botfly larva masquerading as periorbital cellulitis: identification by point-of-care ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Myiasis, or the infiltration of the botfly larvae, is a relatively frequent problem encountered by travelers to parts of Latin America. This is a novel case report that documents a Dermatobia hominis infestation of the left facial region with secondary periorbital cellulitis diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasonography. PMID:24892687

Minakova, Elena; Doniger, Stephanie J

2014-06-01

261

Transperineal 125iodine seed implantation in prostatic cancer guided by transrectal ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new method is described for precise transperineal insertion of radioactive 125iodine seeds in patients with prostatic cancer. The procedure is done under transrectal ultrasonography guidance using a special multichannel puncture attachment and a simple, efficient insertion technique. The advantages of the method are 1) the patients are spared the inconvenience and risk of an operation, 2) improved dose calculations

Harry W. Herr; N JUUL; J PEDERSEN; H HANSEN; I STROYER

2002-01-01

262

Renal ultrasonography not required in babies with isolated minor ear anomalies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To determine whether infants with isolated minor anomalies of the external ear are at increased risk of renal malformations.Methods: Consecutive infants with isolated minor anomalies of the external ear (preauricular skin tags, preauricular sinuses, ear pits, and misshapen pinnae) were offered renal ultrasonography by experienced sonographers over a 41 month period. The prevalence of renal anomalies in such infants

S A Deshpande; H Watson

2006-01-01

263

Local longitudinal muscle shortening of the human esophagus from high-frequency ultrasonography  

E-print Network

Local longitudinal muscle shortening of the human esophagus from high-frequency ultrasonography. Brasseur, Ji-Bin Liu, and Larry S. Miller. Local longitudinal muscle shortening of the human esophagus from pressure, from which correlations between local contraction of longitudinal and circular muscle

Brasseur, James G.

264

Clinical application of ultrasonography for detection of septic arthritis in children.  

PubMed

For early detection of the effusion of infected joint, 40 children were examined by ultrasound scanner for suspected septic arthritis. Thirty-one patients were found with joint effusion, and the needle aspirations of these 31 joints confirmed septic arthritis in 22 patients. In 3 patients, in addition to the joint effusion, the joint surrounding subperiosteal abscess and cortical erosion also were found on sonography, resulting in a diagnosis of concurrent osteomyelitis. In two patients, sonography confirmed only soft tissue swelling and abscess formation on the buttock, but without hip joint effusion. These findings excluded the diagnosis of septic arthritis and helped us obviate the unnecessary attempts at joint aspiration. In one patient, sonography revealed only flexor tenosynovitis without wrist joint effusion. This case was later treated by tenosynovectomy rather than wrist arthrotomy and the pathological examination showed to be a tuberculous tenosynovitis. From the preliminary results, we find ultrasonography has the following advantages for the diagnosis of septic arthritis: 1.) ultrasonography is very sensitive in detecting the joint effusion of septic arthritis; 2.) ultrasonography can clearly define the pathological extent of septic arthritis and help clinicians to treat the concurrent osteomyelitis by appropriate surgical debridement; and 3.) ultrasonography can differentiate soft tissue abscess or tenosynovitis from septic arthritis and help clinicians obviate unnecessary needle joint aspiration. PMID:10561979

Tien, Y C; Chih, H W; Lin, G T; Hsien, S H; Lin, S Y

1999-09-01

265

Simple screening method for deep vein thrombosis by duplex ultrasonography using patients’ active maximum ankle dorsiflexion  

Microsoft Academic Search

We hypothesized that venous obstruction by deep vein thrombosis (DVT) only slightly augments venous outflow from lower limbs by active ankle movements. If our hypothesis is true, we thought that we could develop a new screening method for DVT using duplex ultrasonography. Subjects were 22 lower limbs of 11 patients who gave informed consent for venography after total hip or

Kousuke Sasaki; Hiromasa Miura; Shinichiro Takasugi; Seiya Jingushi; Eiji Suenaga; Yukihide Iwamoto

2004-01-01

266

Duplex Ultrasonography for the Detection of Deep Vein Thrombi After Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The usefulness of real-time duplex ultrasonography (DU) as a screening test for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in high-risk patients remains uncertain. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of DU for the detection of DVT, the authors prospectively studied 178 consecutive patients after total hip (n=113) or total knee (n = 66) arthroplasty. The deep veins from the inguinal ligament to

C. Gregory Elliott; Mary Suchyta; Steven C. Rose; Steve Talbot; Clynn Ford; Gary Raskob; Russell Hull; Bruce Davidson

1993-01-01

267

Cross-Sectional Elastic Imaging of Arterial Wall Using Intravascular Ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been several studies on the imaging of the distribution of the elasticity of the arterial wall using intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS). In those studies, the elasticity is estimated only during ventricular diastole. However, the viscous characteristics of the smooth muscle in the media of the arterial wall are also included in the strain measured during diastole. Alternatively, during systole,

Hitoshi Mita; Hiroshi Kanai; Yoshiro Koiwa; Masataka Ichiki; Fumiaki Tezuka

2001-01-01

268

Angiosarcoma of the extremity: preoperative evaluation with CT, MRI, ultrasonography, and angiography.  

PubMed

A patient with a soft tissue forearm mass had the customary surgical approach for excision. A biopsy specimen at that time showed angiosarcoma, and the mass was left in situ. Subsequent imaging with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, and angiography demonstrated the usefulness and limitations of these modalities. Excisional surgery and radiation therapy were then done. PMID:8091259

Flickinger, F W; Corey-Wright, J

1994-09-01

269

Small calcification depiction in ultrasonography using correlation technique for breast cancer screening  

E-print Network

Small calcification depiction in ultrasonography using correlation technique for breast cancer of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 847 #12;In breast cancer screening-menopausal breast. In order to realize the breast cancer screening without radiation exposure for all people

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

Quantitative Lingual, Pharyngeal and Laryngeal Ultrasonography in Swallowing Research: A Technical Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of its distinct advantage in radiation-free soft tissue imaging, ultrasonography has been widely used to study lingual, pharyngeal, hyoid, laryngeal, and even esophageal action during swallowing in individuals of all ages. Qualitative ultrasonographic observations have made considerable contributions to our understanding of deglutition.…

Chi-Fishman, Gloria

2005-01-01

271

Undergraduate Student Perceptions of the Use of Ultrasonography in the Study of "Living Anatomy"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ultrasonography is a noninvasive imaging modality, and modern ultrasound machines are portable, inexpensive (relative to other imaging modalities), and user friendly. The aim of this study was to explore student perceptions of the use of ultrasound to teach "living anatomy". A module utilizing transthoracic echocardiography was developed and…

Ivanusic, Jason; Cowie, Brian; Barrington, Michael

2010-01-01

272

Temperature influences upon vascular dynamics in cattle measured by doppler ultrasonography  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Two preliminary studies were performed to determine if Doppler-image ultrasonography can be used to document vascular changes of cattle under hot and cold conditions. Three calves per study (320 ± 38 kg) were acclimated to thermoneutrality (17.5oC). Ultrasound measurements were taken of the median...

273

Factorial comparison of two transvaginal surgical approaches and of perioperative behavioral therapy for women with apical vaginal prolapse: The OPTIMAL Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

IMPORTANCE Over 300,000 surgeries are performed annually in the United States for pelvic organ prolapse. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) and uterosacral ligament suspension (ULS) are commonly performed transvaginal surgeries to correct apical prolapse. Little is known about their comparative efficacy and safety, and it is unknown whether perioperative behavioral therapy with pelvic floor muscle training (BPMT) improves outcomes of prolapse surgery. OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes between 1) SSLF and ULS and 2) perioperative BPMT and usual perioperative care in women undergoing surgery for vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Multi-center, 2×2 factorial randomized trial of 374 women undergoing surgery to treat both apical vaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence was conducted between 2008 and 2013 at 9 U.S. medical centers. Two-year follow-up rate was 84.5%. INTERVENTIONS Surgical intervention: Transvaginal surgery including mid-urethral sling with randomization to SSLF (n = 186) or ULS (n=188); Behavioral intervention: Randomization to perioperative BPMT (n = 186) or usual care (n=188). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The primary outcome for the surgical intervention (surgical success) was defined as: 1) no apical descent greater than one-third into vaginal canal or anterior or posterior vaginal wall beyond the hymen (anatomic success); 2) no bothersome vaginal bulge symptoms and 3) no retreatment for prolapse at 2 years. For the behavioral intervention, primary outcome at 6 months was urinary symptom scores (Urinary Distress Inventory; range 0–300, higher scores worse), and primary outcomes at 2 years were prolapse symptom scores (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory; range 0–300, higher scores worse) and anatomic success. RESULTS At 2 years, surgical group was not significantly associated with surgical success rates [ULS 59.2% (93/154) vs. SSLF 60.5% (92/152), OR 0.9 (95% CI 0.6, 1.5)] or serious adverse event rates [ULS 16.5% (31/188) vs. SSLF 16.7% (31/186), OR 0.9 (95% CI 0.5, 1.6)]. BPMT was not associated with greater improvements in urinary scores at 6 months [treatment difference ?6.7 (95% CI ?19.7, 6.2)], prolapse scores at 24 months [treatment difference ?8.0 (95% CI ?22.1, 6.1)] or anatomic success at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Two years after vaginal surgery for prolapse and stress urinary incontinence, neither ULS nor SSLF was significantly superior to the other for anatomic, functional, and or adverse event outcomes. Perioperative BPMT did not improve urinary symptoms at 6 months or prolapse outcomes at 2 years. PMID:24618964

Barber, Matthew D.; Brubaker, Linda; Burgio, Kathryn L.; Richter, Holly E.; Nygaard, Ingrid; Weidner, Alison C.; Menefee, Shawn A.; Lukacz, Emily S.; Norton, Peggy; Schaffer, Joseph; Nguyen, John N.; Borello-France, Diane; Goode, Patricia S.; Jakus-Waldman, Sharon; Spino, Cathie; Klein Warren, Lauren; Gantz, Marie G.; Meikle, Susan F.

2014-01-01

274

Doppler Ultrasonography in Suspected Subclavian Artery Obstruction and in Patient Monitoring after Subclavian Stenting  

SciTech Connect

Purpose. Subclavian or innominate artery (SIA) stenosis affects up to 5% of patients referred to coronary bypass grafting; it is symptomatic in less than half of these. This study aimed to assess the Doppler ultrasonography (DU) findings in SIA obstruction and patients' follow-up after percutaneous angioplasty (PTA). Methods. The study enrolled 118 patients (68 men, 50 women), aged 61.3 {+-} 8.7 years, with suspected SIA obstruction, in whom peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the SIA and subclavian steal grade were assessed on DU and verified by quantitative angiography (QA). Serial follow-up DU was performed in patients treated with PTA. Results. Grade I-III of subclavian steal from the vertebral artery (VA) was found in 89.8% of patients. In the remaining 10.2% only a PSV increase in the SIA was observed. QA confirmed the presence of SIA obstruction in all patients (stenosis grade: 80.9 {+-} 17.3%). In patients with one-sided SIA obstruction, the ultrasonographic steal grade correlated with the QA stenosis grade (p < 0.001, r = 0.648). Lack of subclavian steal was noted in the case of distal subclavian stenosis, VA obstruction, VA originating from the aortic arch, and bilateral SIA obstruction. Successful PTA was performed in 77 of 83 patients referred to that procedure. PSV was reduced from 4.4 {+-} 1.2 (2.2-6.5) m/sec to 1.34 {+-} 0.51 (0.5-2.5) m/sec and flow in the VA was normalized. During the mean follow-up time of 24.7 {+-} 15.6 months, there was a gradual increase in the in-stent PSV as well as gradual VA flow alterations, resulting in symptom recurrence. More than a twofold PSV increase, compared with the post-PTA values, was an indicator of restenosis in 11 of 12 patients. Conclusions. Careful DU evaluation enables the recognition of SIA obstruction in all patients. Ninety percent of them have subclavian steal correlating with the stenosis grade. Restenosis can be reliably detected with DU based on in-stent PSV and VA flow alterations.

Kablak-Ziembicka, Anna, E-mail: kablakziembicka@op.pl; Przewlocki, Tadeusz; Pieniazek, Piotr; Musialek, Piotr; Kozanecki, Artur; Stopa, Ireneusz; Zalewski, Jaroslaw; Tracz, Wieslawa [The John Paul II Hospital, Institute of Cardiology, Collegium Medicum Jagiellonian University, Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases (Poland)

2007-09-15

275

Characterization of follicle and CL development in beef heifers using high resolution three-dimensional ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The aim was to characterize dominant follicle (DF) and CL development through the estrous cycle of cattle using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography while making a comparison with conventional two-dimensional (2D) B-mode ultrasound (US) and to relate the measures taken to systemic concentrations of steroid hormones and gonadotropins. After synchronization of estrus, the ovaries of crossbred beef heifers (N = 5) were assessed using daily US with a GE Voluson i US scanner until the end of the first follicle wave, then every other day until emergence of the final (ovulatory) wave, when daily US resumed until ovulation. Follicle and CL growth were recorded and mapped. Measures of diameter (2D) and volume (3D) of the DF from the first and ovulatory waves of the cycles; and CL development were captured and stored for further analysis. Blood flow to the DF and CL were assessed using 3D power Doppler US measuring vascularization index (VI; %), vascularization flow index (0/100) and flow index (0/100). Jugular blood samples were collected every 24 hours for progesterone from the first estrus until the second ovulation. Concentrations of estradiol (E2) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) were measured every 8 hours from estrus to second follicle wave emergence; then, E2 only was measured from final follicle wave emergence until ovulation. Data were analyzed using PROC MIXED and PROC REG in SAS. Dominant follicle blood flow tended to decrease during follicle wave emergence and DF VI increased (P < 0.05) 24 hours before ovulation after peak E2. Measures of the DF and CL volume (3D) were highly predictive of 2D diameter measures throughout the cycle (P < 0.0001). Predictive values (r(2)) for day of wave emergence and day from ovulation were similar for 2D and 3D measures; however, 2D measures had higher repeatability when compared with 3D measures. There was no relationship between CL VI and progesterone early in the cycle (r(2) = 0.12; P = 0.1); however, there was a strong positive relationship approaching ovulation (r(2) = 0.77; P < 0.0001). In conclusion, 3D power Doppler measures of blood flow appears to be representative of vascular changes in the DF and CL throughout the estrous cycle. However, the extra time required to acquire and analyze a 3D image and the relatively little additional information obtained over that achievable with 2D imaging in terms of follicle and CL development might preclude its widespread use other than for detailed research purposes. PMID:24220362

Scully, Stephanie; Evans, Alex C O; Duffy, Patrick; Crowe, Mark A

2014-02-01

276

The Efficacy of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Color Doppler Ultrasonography in Diagnosis of Salivary Gland Tumors  

PubMed Central

Background and aims. Although salivary gland tumors are not very common, early diagnosis and treatment is crucial because of their proximity to vital organs, and therefore, determining the efficacy of new imaging procedures becomes important. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and color doppler ultrasonography parameters in the diagnosis and differentiation of benign and malignant salivary gland tumors. Materials and methods. In this cross-sectional study, color doppler ultrasonography and MRI were performed for 22 patients with salivary gland tumor. Demographic data as well as MRI, color doppler ultrasonography, and surgical parameters including tumor site, signal in MRI images, ultrasound echo, tumor border, lymphadenopathy, invasion, perfusion, vascular resistance index (RI), vascular pulse index (PI) were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and independent t-test. Results. The mean age of patients was 46.59±13.97 years (8 males and 14females). Patients with malignant tumors were older (P < 0.01). The most common tumors were pleomorphic adenoma (36.4%), metastasis (36.4%), and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (9%). Nine tumors (40.9%) were benign and 13 (59.1%) were malignant. The overall accuracy of MRI and color doppler ultrasonography in determining tumor site was 100% and 95%, respectively. No significant difference observed between RI and PI and the diagnosis of tumor. Conclusion. Both MRI and ultrasonography have high accuracy in the localization of tumors. Well-identified border was a sign of benign tumors. Also, invasion to adjacent structures was a predictive factor for malignancy. PMID:25587388

Davachi, Behrooz; Imanimoghaddam, Mahrokh; Majidi, Mohamad Reza; Sahebalam, Ahmad; Johari, Masoomeh; Javadian Langaroodi, Adineh; Shakeri, Mohamad Taghi

2014-01-01

277

Ultrasonography-Guided Surgical Clip Placement for Tumor Localization in Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Purpose We investigated the feasibility of using surgical clips as markers for tumor localization and their effect on the imaging evaluation of treatment responses after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Methods A total of 16 breast cancers confirmed by needle biopsy in 15 patients were included in this study from October 2012 to June 2014. Under ultrasonography (US)-guidance, the surgical clips were placed prior to NAC. Additional mammography, breast US, and breast magnetic resonance examinations were performed within 10 days before surgery. The time period from marker insertion to operation date was documented. Images acquired via the three modalities were evalu-ated for the following parameters: location of clip, clip migration (>1 cm), the presence of complications from clip placement, and the effect of clips on the assessment of treatment. Results The mean time period was 128.6±34.4 days (median, 132.0 days) from the date of clip insertion to the date of surgery. The mean number of inserted clips was 2.3±0.7 (median, 2.0). Clip migration was not visualized by imaging in any patient, and there were no complications reported. Surgical clips did not negatively affect the assessment of treatment responses to NAC. Conclusion Surgical clips may replace commercial tissue markers for tumor localization in breast cancer patients undergoing NAC without migration. Surgical clips are well tolerated and safe for the patient, easily visualized on imaging, do not interfere with treatment response, and are cost-effective. PMID:25834610

Youn, Inyoung; Kook, Shin Ho; Choi, Yoon Jung; Park, Chan Heun; Park, Yong Lai; Kim, Dong Hoon

2015-01-01

278

Endoscopic ultrasonography can diagnose distal biliary strictures without a mass on computed tomography  

PubMed Central

AIM: To assess the diagnostic ability of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for evaluating causes of distal biliary strictures shown on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), even without identifiable mass on computed tomography (CT). METHODS: The diagnostic ability of EUS was retrospectively analyzed and compared with that of routine cytology (RC) and tumor markers in 34 patients with distal biliary strictures detected by ERCP or MRCP at Dokkyo Medical School Hospital from December 2005 to December 2008, without any adjacent mass or eccentric thickening of the bile duct on CT that could cause biliary strictures. Findings considered as benign strictures on EUS included preservation of the normal sonographic layers of the bile duct wall, irrespective of the presence of a mass lesion. Other strictures were considered malignant. Final diagnosis of underlying diseases was made by pathological examination in 18 cases after surgical removal of the samples, and by clinical follow-up for > 10 mo in 16 cases. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (50%) were finally diagnosed with benign conditions, including 6 “normal” subjects, while 17 patients (50%) were diagnosed with malignant disease. In terms of diagnostic ability, EUS showed 94.1% sensitivity, 82.3% specificity, 84.2% positive predictive value, 93.3% negative predictive value (NPV) and 88.2% accuracy for identifying malignant and benign strictures. EUS was more sensitive than RC (94.1% vs 62.5%, P = 0.039). NPV was also better for EUS than for RC (93.3% vs 57.5%, P = 0.035). In addition, EUS provided significantly higher sensitivity than tumor markers using 100 U/mL as the cutoff level of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (94.1% vs 53%, P = 0.017). On EUS, biliary stricture that was finally diagnosed as malignant showed as a hypoechoic, irregular mass, with obstruction of the biliary duct and invasion to surrounding tissues. CONCLUSION: EUS can diagnose biliary strictures caused by malignant tumors that are undetectable on CT. Earlier detection by EUS would provide more therapeutic options for patients with early-stage pancreaticobiliary cancer. PMID:20066744

Saifuku, Yasuyuki; Yamagata, Michiko; Koike, Takero; Hitomi, Genyo; Kanke, Kazunari; Watanabe, Hidetaka; Murohisa, Toshimitsu; Tamano, Masaya; Iijima, Makoto; Kubota, Keiichi; Hiraishi, Hideyuki

2010-01-01

279

Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module outlines a variety of techniques for assessing student learning. It includes strategies for integrating assessment into different learning settings and at different points in the learning process.

Bill Slattery

280

Microwave ablation assisted by a real-time virtual navigation system for hepatocellular carcinoma undetectable by conventional ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo evaluate the efficiency and feasibility of microwave (MW) ablation assisted by a real-time virtual navigation system for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undetectable by conventional ultrasonography.

Fang-Yi Liu; Xiao-Ling Yu; Ping Liang; Zhi-Gang Cheng; Zhi-Yu Han; Bao-Wei Dong; Xiao-Hong Zhang

281

Evaluation of acute radiation optic neuropathy by B-scan ultrasonography  

SciTech Connect

We studied the accuracy of B-scan ultrasonography to diagnose radiation-induced optic neuropathy in 15 patients with uveal melanoma. Optic neuropathy was diagnosed by an observer masked as to clinical and photographic data. We analyzed planimetry area measurements of the retrobulbar nerve before and after irradiation. The retrobulbar area of the optic nerve shadow on B-scan was quantitated with a sonic digitizer. Increased optic nerve shadow area was confirmed in 13 of 15 patients who had radiation optic neuropathy (P less than .004). The correct diagnosis was confirmed when the results of ultrasound were compared to fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. In 13 patients there was acute radiation optic neuropathy. Two patients did not show an enlarged retrobulbar optic nerve, and the clinical appearance suggested early progression to optic atrophy. Ultrasonography documents the enlargement of the optic nerve caused by acute radiation changes.

Lovato, A.A.; Char, D.H.; Quivey, J.M.; Castro, J.R. (Univ. of California, San Francisco (USA))

1990-09-15

282

Diagnostic Value of Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow  

PubMed Central

Aim. To evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). Methods. We prospectively performed electrodiagnostic, ultrasonographic, and MRI studies in UNE patients and healthy controls. Three cross-sectional area (CSA) measurements of the ulnar nerve at multiple levels along the arm and maximum CSA(-max) were recorded. Results. The ulnar nerve CSA measurements were different between the UNE severity grades (P < 0.05). CSA-max had the greatest sensitivity (93%) and specificity (68%). Moreover, CSA-max ?10?mm2 defined the severe UNE cases (sensitivity/specificity: 82%/72%). In MRI, ulnar nerve hyperintensity had the greatest sensitivity (90%) and specificity (80%). Conclusion. Ultrasonography using CSA-max is sensitive and specific in UNE diagnosis and discriminating the severe UNE cases. Furthermore, MRI particularly targeting at increased signal of the ulnar nerve can be a useful diagnostic test of UNE. PMID:22888452

Ayromlou, Hormoz; Tarzamni, Mohammad K.; Daghighi, Mohammad Hossein; Pezeshki, Mohammad Zakaria; Yazdchi, Mohammad; Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Elyar; Sharifipour, Ehsan; Ghabili, Kamyar

2012-01-01

283

Complete acute gallbladder torsion diagnosed with abdominal ultrasonography and colour Doppler imaging  

PubMed Central

An 82-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a provisional diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Abdominal ultrasonography and colour Doppler imaging played the most important role in confirming a diagnosis of gallbladder torsion preoperatively, and we decided to treat it laparoscopically. Operative findings showed that gallbladder was rotated 360° counterclockwise around the cystic duct and artery. This was a complete torsion of a gross type I wandering gallbladder. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has recently been recommended for treating gallbladder torsion. Because the gallbladder is typically minimally adherent to the liver bed, cholecystectomy can be performed easily with minimal invasion. Gallbladder torsion is a relatively rare cause of an acute abdomen and is difficult to diagnose preoperatively, but we could diagnose complete, acute gallbladder torsion preoperatively with ultrasonography and colour Doppler imaging in this case, allowing for safe and completely curative laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:23505084

Ohkura, Yu; Hashimoto, Masaji; Sasaki, Kazunari; Watanabe, Goro

2013-01-01

284

Diagnosis of a sigmoid volvulus in pregnancy: ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging findings  

PubMed Central

Sigmoid volvulus complicating pregnancy is a rare, non-obstetric cause of abdominal pain that requires prompt surgical intervention (decompression) to avoid intestinal ischemia and perforation. We report the case of a 31-week pregnant woman with abdominal pain and subsequent development of constipation. Preoperative diagnosis was achieved using magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography: the large bowel distension and a typical whirl sign - near a sigmoid colon transition point - suggested the diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus. The decision to refer the patient for emergency laparotomy was adopted without any ionizing radiation exposure, and the pre-operative diagnosis was confirmed after surgery. Imaging features of sigmoid volvulus and differential diagnosis from other non-obstetric abdominal emergencies in pregnancy are discussed in our report, with special emphasis on the diagnostic capabilities of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:24967020

Palmucci, Stefano; Lanza, Maria Letizia; Gulino, Fabrizio; Scilletta, Beniamino; Ettorre, Giovanni Carlo

2014-01-01

285

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) as a method used in spatial localization of digestive tract tumors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subject of the paper is devoted to a modern diagnostic method called the endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) that is still not widely implemented in many countries. This method bases on two imaging techniques: videoendoscopy and ultrasonography, making possible effective aiding of diagnostics as well as evaluating possibilities of performing radical surgical therapy. Rotating USG probes enable acquiring images vertical to an axis for the round angle area. Small diameters and adequate frequencies of these microprobes make possible their deep penetration into such difficult sites as the biliary and pancreatic ducts. The EUS advantages are presented here on the basis of several examples of real minimally invasive interventions as well diagnostic procedures practiced by the authors. EUS has allowed precise diagnostics without disturbances occurring at conventional ultrasound imaging. The presented images concern EUS used for examination of different digestive tract diseases, including biliary and pancreatic ducts.

Skrzywanek, Pawel; Sowier, Aleksander; Cysewska-Sobusiak, Anna R.

2004-07-01

286

Comparison of Endoscopic Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography in the Diagnosis of Pancreatobiliary Diseases: A Prospective Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVES:To compare the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in: (a) patients with a dilated biliary tree unexplained by ultrasonography (US) (group 1), and (b) the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis in patients with nondilated biliary tree (group 2).METHODS:Patients were prospectively evaluated with EUS and MRCP. The gold standard used was surgery or EUS-FNA and ERCP, intraoperative

Glòria Fernández-Esparrach; Àngels Ginès; Marcelo Sánchez; Mario Pagés; Maria Pellisé; Laureano Fernández-Cruz; Miguel Angel López-Boado; Llorenç Quintó; Salvador Navarro; Oriol Sendino; Andrés Cárdenas; Carmen Ayuso; Josep M. Bordas; Josep Llach; Antoni Castells

2007-01-01

287

The axial imaging plane--the main domain of the transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasonography?  

PubMed

Transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasonography (TCCS) makes possible the visualization of basal cerebral arteries through color-coding the flow velocity information. This method is well established in the clinical routine for the diagnostics of pathological processes in cerebrovascular disease. The present review describes the examination technique, normal and pathological findings, such as stenosis and occlusion of intracranial arteries, as well as intracranial vascular malformations focussing on the advantages of the examination in the axial imaging planes. PMID:12470850

Bartels, Eva

2002-11-01

288

Birth weight from pregnancies dated by ultrasonography in a multicultural British population  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To produce standard curves of birth weight according to gestational age validated by ultrasonography in the British population, with particular reference to the effects of ethnic origin. DESIGN--Retrospective analysis of computerised obstetric database. SETTING--Three large maternity units associated with Nottingham University with over 16,000 deliveries a year. PATIENTS--41,718 women with ultrasound dated singleton pregnancies and delivery between 168 and 300

M. Wilcox; J. Gardosi; M. Mongelli; C. Ray; I. Johnson

1993-01-01

289

Early pregnancy detection by real-time ultrasonography in Boer goats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early pregnancy detection in goats was not practicable until recently. The present investigation evaluated the use of transrectal and transabdominal real-time ultrasonography for this purpose in a flock of Boer goats. Measurements were conducted by both the transrectal and transabdominal routes. A rectal 7.5MHz linear array transducer enabled the reliable recognition of uterine fluid accumulation, indicating early pregnancy, from day

G. R. Padilla-Rivas; B. Sohnrey; W. Holtz

2005-01-01

290

The relationship between inferior vena cava diameter measured by bedside ultrasonography and central venous pressure value  

PubMed Central

Objective: We aimed to present inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter as a guiding method for detection of relationship between IVC diameter measured noninvasively with the help of ultrasonography (USG) and central venous pressure (CVP) and evaluation of patient's intravascular volume status. Methods: Patients over the age of 18, to whom a central venous catheter was inserted to their subclavian vein or internal jugular vein were included in our study. IVC diameter measurements were recorded in millimeters following measurement by the same clinician with the help of USG both at the end-inspiratory and end-expiratory phase. CVP measurements were viewed on the monitor by means of piezoelectric transducer and recorded in mmHg. SPSS 18.0 package program was used for statistical analysis of data. Results: Forty five patients were included in the study. The patients had the diagnosis of malignancy (35.6%), sepsis (13.3%), pneumonia, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (11.1%). 11 patients (24.4%) required mechanical ventilation while 34 (75.6%) patients had spontaneous respiration. In patients with spontaneous respiration, a significant relationship was found between IVC diameters measured by ultrasonography at the end of expiratory and inspiratory phases and measured CVP values at the same phases (for expiratory p = 0.002, for inspiratory p= 0.001). There was no statistically significant association between IVC diameters measured by ultrasonography at the end of expiration and inspiration and measured CVP values at the same phases in mechanically ventilated patients. Conclusions: IVC diameter measured by bedside ultrasonography can be used for determination of the intravascular volume status of the patients with spontaneous respiration. PMID:24772133

Citilcioglu, Serenat; Sebe, Ahmet; Oguzhan Ay, Mehmet; Icme, Ferhat; Avci, Akkan; Gulen, Muge; Sahan, Mustafa; Satar, Salim

2014-01-01

291

Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography (CE-EUS) findings in adrenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solitary adrenal metastasis is often difficult to distinguish from benign adrenal tumor using only plain computed tomography\\u000a (CT) scanning. We describe a solitary left adrenal gland mass in a patient who had undergone simultaneous gastrectomy and\\u000a right nephrectomy for advanced gastric cancer and renal cell carcinoma (RCC), respectively. Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography\\u000a (CE-EUS) findings indicated a hypervascular adrenal mass, and EUS-guided

Susumu Hijioka; Akira Sawaki; Nobumasa Mizuno; Kazuo Hara; Mohamed A. Mekky; Hussein El-Amin; Zain El-Abdeen Ahmed Sayed; Mssahiro Tajika; Yasumasa Niwa; Kenji Yamao

2011-01-01

292

Electromyography and Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of A Rare Double-Crush Ulnar Nerve Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Akyuz M, Yalcin E, Selcuk B, Onder B, Özçakar L. Electromyography and ultrasonography in the diagnosis of a rare double-crush ulnar nerve injury.Reported here is a 46-year-old man who was seen for pain, numbness, and weakness in his left upper limb and hand. Electromyographic studies demonstrated denervation of ulnar-innervated muscle groups except for the flexor carpi ulnaris. A localized nerve

Mufit Akyuz; Elif Yalcin; Barin Selcuk; Burcu Onder; Levent Özçakar

2011-01-01

293

Primary megaureter detected by prenatal ultrasonography: Conservative management and prolonged follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the widespread use of obstetric echography the incidence of fetal hydronephrosis has been reported more frequently. Consequently,\\u000a many uropathies have been detected in asymptomatic neonates. The authors report their experience with prenatally detected\\u000a primary non-refluxing megaureter. Newborns with fetal hydronephrosis were investigated by ultrasonography and micturating\\u000a cystourethrogram after the beginning of chemoprophylaxis. If primary megaureter was identified, after 1

Eduardo A. Oliveira; José S. Diniz; Eli A. S. Rabelo; José M. P. Silva; Alamanda K. Pereira; Maria Tereza F. F. Filgueiras; Flávia M. G. Soares; Regina F. F. Sansoni

2000-01-01

294

Staging of Early Colorectal Cancers: Magnifying Colonoscopy versus Endoscopic Ultrasonography for Estimation of Depth of Invasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and aims Preoperative estimation of depth of invasion in early colorectal cancers (CRCs) is essential for patient management. This\\u000a study was conducted to compare the diagnostic accuracies of magnifying colonoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for\\u000a estimating the depth of invasion of early CRCs. Subjects and methods A total of 438 early CRCs were removed endoscopically or surgically from July

Kuang-I Fu; Shigeharu Kato; Yasushi Sano; Edward K. Onuma; Yutaka Saito; Takahisa Matsuda; Ikuro Koba; Shigeaki Yoshida; Takahiro Fujii

2008-01-01

295

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography follow-up after radiofrequency ablation in normal rabbit kidney  

PubMed Central

Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of SonoVue-enhanced ultrasonography in the follow-up of rabbit kidney lesions induced by percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. Material and methods New Zealand rabbits (28) underwent percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) to generate renal lesions. Lesions were evaluated by conventional 2D ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) at 1 day, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after RFA, and the results were compared to gross pathology. Results One day and 1 week after RFA, renal lesions were wedge-shaped in the gross dissection cross-sectional profiles. Conventional ultrasound could not indicate the extent of the lesions; however, CEUS could exactly delineate the lesion shape and size. At 1 and 3 months, lesions were observed as hyperechogenic areas on conventional ultrasound, and as small perfusion defects on CEUS. The differences in the lesion measurements obtained by CEUS and in pathological specimens were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Conclusions The conclusion could be deduced from the study that SonoVue-enhanced ultrasonography was effective for the follow-up of normal rabbit kidney percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. PMID:24049518

Wu, Rong; Xu, Fan-hua; Yao, Ming-hua; Xie, Juan

2013-01-01

296

Comparison of Ultrasonography-Guided Central Venous Catheterization Between Adult and Pediatric Populations  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to compare the technical success and complication rates of ultrasonography-guided central venous catheterization between adult and pediatric patients which have not been reported previously. In a 4-year period, 859 ultrasonography-guided central vein catheterizations in 688 adult patients and 247 catheterizations in 156 pediatric patients were retrospectively evaluated. Mean age was 56.3 years (range, 18 to 95 years) for adults and 3.3 years (range, 0.1 to 16.3 years) for children. The preferred catheterization site was internal jugular vein in 97% of adults and 85% of children. The technical success rate, mean number of punctures, and rate of single wall puncture were 99.4%, 1.04 (range, 1-3), and 83% for adults and 90.3%, 1.25 (range, 1-5), and 49% for children, respectively. All the differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Complication rates were 2.3% and 2.4% for adults and children, respectively (p > 0.05). Major complications such as pneumothorax and hemothorax were not seen in any group. In conclusion, ultrasonography-guided central venous catheterization has a high technical success rate, lower puncture attempt rate, and higher single wall puncture rate in adults compared to children. Complication rates are comparable in the two groups.

Tercan, Fahri [Baskent Universitesi, Adana Arastirma ve Uygulama Merkezi (Turkey)], E-mail: ftercan@yahoo.com; Oguzkurt, Levent; Ozkan, Ugur [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Eker, Hatice Evren [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology (Turkey)

2008-05-15

297

Does ultrasonography accurately diagnose acute cholecystitis? Improving diagnostic accuracy based on a review at a regional hospital  

PubMed Central

Background Acute cholecystitis is one of the most common diseases requiring emergency surgery. Ultrasonography is an accurate test for cholelithiasis but has a high false-negative rate for acute cholecystitis. The Murphy sign and laboratory tests performed independently are also not particularly accurate. This study was designed to review the accuracy of ultrasonography for diagnosing acute cholecystitis in a regional hospital. Methods We studied all emergency cholecystectomies performed over a 1-year period. All imaging studies were reviewed by a single radiologist, and all pathology was reviewed by a single pathologist. The reviewers were blinded to each other’s results. Results A total of 107 patients required an emergency cholecystectomy in the study period; 83 of them underwent ultrasonography. Interradiologist agreement was 92% for ultrasonography. For cholelithiasis, ultrasonography had 100% sensitivity, 18% specificity, 81% positive predictive value (PPV) and 100% negative predictive value (NPV). For acute cholecystitis, it had 54% sensitivity, 81% specificity, 85% PPV and 47% NPV. All patients had chronic cholecystitis and 67% had acute cholecystitis on histology. When combined with positive Murphy sign and elevated neutrophil count, an ultrasound showing cholelithiasis or acute cholecystitis yielded a sensitivity of 74%, specificity of 62%, PPV of 80% and NPV of 53% for the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Conclusion Ultrasonography alone has a high rate of false-negative studies for acute cholecystitis. However, a higher rate of accurate diagnosis can be achieved using a triad of positive Murphy sign, elevated neutrophil count and an ultrasound showing cholelithiasis or cholecystitis. PMID:24869607

Hwang, Hamish; Marsh, Ian; Doyle, Jason

2014-01-01

298

Increased size and vascularisation, plus decreased echogenicity, of foetal thyroid in two-dimensional ultrasonography caused by maternal Graves' disease.  

PubMed

Foetal ultrasonography monitoring is a valuable tool in assessing foetal thyroid function when pregnancy is complicated by maternal Graves' disease with accompanying high levels of TSH receptor antibodies, or when antithyroid drug therapy is instituted. Among several ultrasonographic signs of foetal thyroid disorder such as abnormalities in bone maturation and heart rhythm, cardiac failure, hydrops, intrauterine growth restriction and polyhydramnios, goitre is the most sensitive one. Here we report three cases of pregnant women with Graves' disease accompanied by very high serum levels of TSH receptor antibodies. In all three cases, as documented by foetal or neonatal serum TSH and thyroid hormones measurements, foetal thyroid dysfunction occurred. The only ultrasonographic sign of foetal involvement was a goitre with decreased echogenicity and increased vascularisation, central or peripheral. This is the first report demonstrating that a foetal thyroid gland when affected by transplacental passage of maternal TSH receptor stimulating antibodies can present exactly the same characteristic ultrasound pattern of Graves' disease as in adults. PMID:24549604

Gietka-Czernel, Ma?gorzata; D?bska, Marzena; Kretowicz, Piotr; Jastrz?bska, Helena; Zgliczy?ski, Wojciech

2014-01-01

299

Comparison of the Accuracy of DWI and Ultrasonography in Screening Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients With Chronic Liver Disease  

PubMed Central

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a neoplasm usually arising in a cirrhotic liver by a multistep carcinogenesis process. Early detection of HCC and accurate assessment of tumor burden are crucial to successful treatment planning and long-term survival. Objectives: In this study, we compared the accuracy of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) combined with limited sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) set as a potentially quick and practical MR candidate with ultrasonography (US) for screening of HCC in patients with cirrhosis. Patients and Methods: Of 96 patients with cirrhosis, 30 who had concomitant HCC proved by pathology were selected. MRI, DWI, and US of the liver were performed for the patients. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of DWI alone, limited sequences MRI alone, a combination of them, and US were calculated for the detection of HCC in these patients and then comparison between these modalities was performed. Results: Combination of limited sequences MRI and DWI had the highest accuracy (94.79%) followed by DWI alone followed by limited sequence MRI alone. The least accuracy was for US (78.12%) with a statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Due to the significant improvement in the treatment of early stage of HCC compared to the previous decade, we suggest a fast, non-invasive, more accurate, but more expensive method (HASTE, OP/IP T1W sequences MRI combined with DWI) rather than US for the screening of HCC in liver cirrhosis.

Jalli, Reza; Jafari, Seyed Hamed; Sefidbakht, Sepideh; Kazemi, Kourosh

2015-01-01

300

Manual rupture versus transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration of allanto-amniotic fluid in multiple pregnancies: a clinical approach to embryo reduction in dairy cattle.  

PubMed

To avoid the problems associated with twinning in dairy cattle, one of the embryos may be eliminated. This study compares the effect on pregnancy maintenance of two embryo reduction techniques, manual rupture (MR) and transvaginal ultrasound-guided aspiration (TUGA) of allanto-amniotic fluid, in Holstein-Friesian cows with multiple pregnancies. In the first experiment, 61 lactating cows bearing unilateral twins (n=27), bilateral twins (n=30) or triplets/quadruplets (n=4) were subjected to MR (n=45) or TUGA using a 17-G neddle (n=16) on day 28-34 of gestation. In 21 and 10 cows undergoing MR and TUGA embryo reduction, respectively, pregnancy loss occurred before day 90 (46.7 vs. 62.5%, P= 0.28). Through binary logistic regression, the type of pregnancy was identified as the only variable significantly affecting pregnancy maintenance (P=0.03). Based on the odds ratio, the risk of pregnancy loss was 4.1 times higher for unilateral twins than for bilateral twins (70.4 vs. 36.7%, respectively, P=0.01). No effect was detected on pregnancy maintenance of the technique used (P=0.17) or of the interaction technique by type of pregnancy (P=0.22). In the second experiment, a 22-G needle was used to perform TUGA on 22 lactating cows. The pregnancy loss rates were 44.4% (4/9), 18.2% (2/11) and 50% (1/2) for cows bearing unilateral twins, bilateral twins and triplets, respectively. The total pregnancy loss rate following TUGA using the 22-G needle tended to be lower than that using the 17-G needle (31.8 vs. 62.5%; P=0.06). Our results suggest that TUGA using a 22-G needle could be the method of choice to perform embryo reduction in cows carrying multiple pregnancies. PMID:22498816

Andreu-Vázquez, Cristina; Garcia-Ispierto, Irina; López-Gatius, Fernando

2012-01-01

301

Ultrasonographic reference values for assessing normal radial nerve ultrasonography in the normal population.  

PubMed

High-resolution ultrasound has been used recently to characterize median and ulnar nerves, but is seldom used to characterize radial nerves. The radial nerve is more frequently involved in entrapment syndromes than the ulnar and median nerves. However, the reference standard for normal radial nerves has not been established. Thus, this study measured the cross-sectional areas of radial nerves of 200 healthy male or female volunteers, aged 18 to 75, using high-resolution ultrasound. The results showed that mean cross-sectional areas of radial nerves at 4 cm upon the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and mid-humerus (midpoint between the elbow crease and axilla) were 5.14 ± 1.24 and 5.08 ± 1.23 mm(2), respectively. The age and the dominant side did not affect the results, but the above-mentioned cross-sectional areas were larger in males (5.31 ± 1.25 and 5.19 ± 1.23 mm(2)) than in females (4.93 ± 1.21 and 4.93 ± 1.23 mm(2), respectively). In addition, the cross-sectional areas of radial nerves were positively correlated with height and weight (r = 0.38, 0.36, respectively, both P < 0.05). These data provide basic clinical data for the use of high-resolution ultrasound for the future diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of peripheral neuropathies. PMID:25422648

Chen, Jun; Wu, Shan; Ren, Jun

2014-10-15

302

Ultrasonographic reference values for assessing normal radial nerve ultrasonography in the normal population  

PubMed Central

High-resolution ultrasound has been used recently to characterize median and ulnar nerves, but is seldom used to characterize radial nerves. The radial nerve is more frequently involved in entrapment syndromes than the ulnar and median nerves. However, the reference standard for normal radial nerves has not been established. Thus, this study measured the cross-sectional areas of radial nerves of 200 healthy male or female volunteers, aged 18 to 75, using high-resolution ultrasound. The results showed that mean cross-sectional areas of radial nerves at 4 cm upon the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and mid-humerus (midpoint between the elbow crease and axilla) were 5.14 ± 1.24 and 5.08 ± 1.23 mm2, respectively. The age and the dominant side did not affect the results, but the above-mentioned cross-sectional areas were larger in males (5.31 ± 1.25 and 5.19 ± 1.23 mm2) than in females (4.93 ± 1.21 and 4.93 ± 1.23 mm2, respectively). In addition, the cross-sectional areas of radial nerves were positively correlated with height and weight (r = 0.38, 0.36, respectively, both P < 0.05). These data provide basic clinical data for the use of high-resolution ultrasound for the future diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic evaluation of peripheral neuropathies. PMID:25422648

Chen, Jun; Wu, Shan; Ren, Jun

2014-01-01

303

Radionuclide hepatic perfusion index and ultrasonography: assessment of portal hypertension in clinical practice.  

PubMed

The final value of portal blood flow pressure depends on the degree of vascular obstruction, then on the resistance in collateral vessels and, last, on splanchnic blood flow. The iniciating cause of portal hypertension most often lies in advancing anatomical damage leading to increased resistance and, consequently, to a reduction of portal blood flow, and simultaneous reciprocal development of extrahepatic collaterals. The determination of a true portal flow is a necessity particularly when deciding about a shunt surgery and its type, but it also supplies valuable information on the degree of portal flow restriction and, in this way, on the progress of pathophysiological changes, their extent and advance. The technique of radionuclide angiography and determination of the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) proposed by Sarper appears to be a profitable noninvasive method supplying well reproducible information on portal blood flow. Sarper proved it to be correlated with the degree of portal hypertension established by angiography. Ultrasonographic criteria of portal hypertension include dilatation of the portal vein in the region of the hilus hepatis exceeding 15 mm, and a more than 10 mm dilatation of the splenic vein above the spine. The mean HPI value obtained from the examination of 19 subjects without liver involvement was 0.6956 +/- 0.0583. The group of chronic hepatopathies included 19 patients with bioptically verified chronic hepatitis without reconstruction and/or steatosis, and 32 patients with liver cirrhosis likewise confirmed by biopsy: portosystemic shunts could be demonstrated in 14 of the latter. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2530818

Seidlová, V; Hobza, J; Pumprla, J; Charouzek, J

1989-01-01

304

Image processing approaches for analysis of clinical duplex ultrasonography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are developing simple and efficient tools for assessing qualitative and quantitative information on 3D carotid anatomy and velocity distributions by integrating 2D color Doppler and B-mode images. Transverse color Doppler images of the carotid bifurcation were obtained during relatively uniform, manual scanning of the transducer. Longitudinal views were also recorded. The transverse images obtained at or near systole were automatically extracted by analysis of the flow data. The flow regions in the lumen in the individual images were segmented using the interface between the flow colored and non-colored, i.e., gray level, regions in the systolic images. A 3D volume was generated by stacking and interpolating each component. Representative longitudinal projections were then obtained by resampling this 3D volume according to the vessel centerline and integrating longitudinal slices of this volume to take into account the transducer resolution. The computed longitudinal images were matched to the longitudinally acquired images using a Procrustes technique, and a registered 3D reconstruction of the flow patterns, lumen and intima was obtained. Preliminary results show that the computed longitudinal projections of the 3D reconstructed volume are globally consistent with the acquired scans.

Hoffmann, Kenneth R.; Pellot-Barakat, Claire J. M.; Chen, Shiuh-Yung J.; Pelizzari, Charles A.; Winsberg, Fred; Casalino, David

1996-04-01

305

Endoscopic ultrasonography for pancreatic cancer: current and future perspectives  

PubMed Central

A suspected pancreatic lesion can be a difficult challenge for the clinician. In the last years we have witnessed tumultuous technological improvements of the radiological and nuclear medicine imaging. Taking this into account, we will try to delineate the new role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in pancreatic imaging and to place it in a shareable diagnostic and staging algorithm of pancreatic cancer (PC). To date the most accurate imaging techniques for the PC remain contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and EUS. The latter has the highest accuracy in detecting small lesions, in assessing tumor size and lymph nodes involvement, but helical CT or an up-to-date magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) must be the first choice in patients with a suspected pancreatic lesion. After this first step there is place for EUS as a second diagnostic level in several cases: negative results on CT/MRI scans and persistent strong clinical suspicion of PC, doubtful results on CT/MRI scans or need for cyto-histological confirmation. In the near future there will be great opportunities for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic EUS and pancreatic pathology could be the best testing bench. PMID:23730519

Brizzi, Rosario Francesco; Pellicano, Rinaldo

2013-01-01

306

Muscle ultrasonography for detecting fasciculations in frontotemporal dementia.  

PubMed

Ultrasound detection of muscle fasciculations was recently proposed for assessing lower motor neuron (LMN) dysfunction in ALS patients. Given the continuum between ALS and frontotemporal degeneration (FTD), the aim of the present study was to evaluate muscle ultrasound (MUS) in FTD both for feasibility and prevalence of fasciculations. Twenty-two FTD patients were examined (five muscles bilaterally: biceps brachii, first dorsalis interosseous, T10 paraspinalis, vastus lateralis, tibialis anterior) with a 7-MHz linear array transducer and a fasciculation score (FS) computed. Twenty-two matched cognitively-intact control subjects and six ALS patients were also included. Results showed that MUS was feasible, reliable and well tolerated in all subjects. Two FTD/MND patients displayed very high FS values, similar to those in ALS patients. The remaining 20 FTD patients displayed a mean FS value significantly higher than the control group with six patients (30%) having FS values out of the range of controls. Disease progression rate correlated with the FS. In conclusion, MUS can be easily applied to FTD patients and represents a non-invasive technique for defining LMN involvement in these patients. LMN dysfunction is a frequent condition in FTD and might identify a subset of patients with a different clinical course. PMID:24863345

Tremolizzo, Lucio; Susani, Emanuela; Aliprandi, Angelo; Salmaggi, Andrea; Ferrarese, Carlo; Appollonio, Ildebrando

2014-12-01

307

Comparison of computed tomography, endosonography, and intraoperative assessment in TN staging of gastric carcinoma.  

PubMed Central

From 1986 to 1990 a prospective comparative study was undertaken to compare the relative accuracy of computed tomography, endogastric ultrasonography, and intraoperative surgical assessment in evaluating the depth of invasion (T category) and involvement of lymph nodes (N category) of patients with gastric carcinoma. One hundred and eight consecutive patients, who were treated by total gastrectomy and previously evaluated with computed tomography, endogastric ultrasonography, and intraoperative surgical assessment, entered the study. Results (T and N category) were compared with those of histopathological staging (pT and pN category). T categories were correctly staged in 43% of cases with computed tomography, 86% with endogastric ultrasonography, and 56% with intraoperative surgical assessment. Computed tomography scanning correctly staged 51% of all N1 and N2 lymph nodes compared with 74% for endogastric ultrasonography and 54% for intraoperative surgical assessment. In general, computed tomography was more accurate for advanced stages of cancer and showed a tendency to overstage the T category and understage N category of gastric tumours. By contrast, endogastric ultrasonography was equally accurate for all T categories and showed an understaging for N categories. Intraoperative surgical assessment overstaged early T stages, understaged T4 tumours, and was equally accurate for all grades of N categories. Computed tomography scanning and intraoperative surgical assessment of T and N categories were of little value in staging of gastric carcinoma. Endogastric ultrasonography is more accurate than computed tomography scanning and intraoperative surgical assessment. Therefore endogastric ultrasonography should be introduced in the preoperative assessment of patients with gastric carcinoma. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 PMID:8504959

Ziegler, K; Sanft, C; Zimmer, T; Zeitz, M; Felsenberg, D; Stein, H; Germer, C; Deutschmann, C; Riecken, E O

1993-01-01

308

The Accuracy of Ultrasonography for the Evaluation of Portal Hypertension in Patients with Cirrhosis: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective Studies have presented conflicting results regarding the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) for diagnosing portal hypertension (PH). We sought to identify evidence in the literature regarding the accuracy of US for assessing PH in patients with liver cirrhosis. Materials and Methods We conducted a systematic review by searching databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, for relevant studies. Results A total of 14 studies met our inclusion criteria. The US indices were obtained in the portal vein (n = 9), hepatic artery (n = 6), hepatic vein (HV) (n = 4) and other vessels. Using hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) as the reference, the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of the portal venous indices were 69-88% and 67-75%, respectively. The correlation coefficients between HVPG and the portal venous indices were approximately 0.296-0.8. No studies assess the Se and Sp of the hepatic arterial indices. The correlation between HVPG and the hepatic arterial indices ranged from 0.01 to 0.83. The Se and Sp of the hepatic venous indices were 75.9-77.8% and 81.8-100%, respectively. In particular, the Se and Sp of HV arrival time for clinically significant PH were 92.7% and 86.7%, respectively. A statistically significant correlation between HVPG and the hepatic venous indices was observed (0.545-0.649). Conclusion Some US indices, such as HV, exhibited an increased accuracy for diagnosing PH. These indices may be useful in clinical practice for the detection of significant PH. PMID:25741193

Kim, Gaeun; Cho, Youn Zoo; Kim, Moon Young; Hong, Won Ki; Kwon, Sang Ok

2015-01-01

309

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasonography versus electrical stimulation for fracture healing: a systematic review and network meta-analysis  

PubMed Central

Background To best inform evidence-based patient care, it is often desirable to compare competing therapies. We performed a network meta-analysis to indirectly compare low intensity pulsed ultrasonography (LIPUS) with electrical stimulation (ESTIM) for fracture healing. Methods We searched the reference lists of recent reviews evaluating LIPUS and ESTIM that included studies published up to 2011 from 4 electronic databases. We updated the searches of all electronic databases up to April 2012. Eligible trials were those that included patients with a fresh fracture or an existing delayed union or nonunion who were randomized to LIPUS or ESTIM as well as a control group. Two pairs of reviewers, independently and in duplicate, screened titles and abstracts, reviewed the full text of potentially eligible articles, extracted data and assessed study quality. We used standard and network meta-analytic techniques to synthesize the data. Results Of the 27 eligible trials, 15 provided data for our analyses. In patients with a fresh fracture, there was a suggested benefit of LIPUS at 6 months (risk ratio [RR] 1.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.97–1.41). In patients with an existing nonunion or delayed union, ESTIM had a suggested benefit over standard care on union rates at 3 months (RR 2.05, 95% CI 0.99–4.24). We found very low-quality evidence suggesting a potential benefit of LIPUS versus ESTIM in improving union rates at 6 months (RR 0.76, 95% CI 0.58–1.01) in fresh fracture populations. Conclusion To support our findings direct comparative trials with safeguards against bias assessing outcomes important to patients, such as functional recovery, are required. PMID:24869616

Ebrahim, Shanil; Mollon, Brent; Bance, Sheena; Busse, Jason W.; Bhandari, Mohit

2014-01-01

310

Serial transrectal ultrasonography for monitoring the reproductive activity of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus ussuricus).  

PubMed

This study evaluated the structural changes in the reproductive tract of Asiatic black bears using serial transrectal ultrasonography. In addition, the ultrasonographic observations were compared with the results of vaginal cytology and hormonal analyses. The collection of blood for hormonal analysis, vaginal cytology and transrectal ultrasonography was performed in two bears (Bears 1 and 2) from June 2011 to August 2013 without mating and in a third bear (Bear 3) from April to December 2012, allowing natural mating. Serial ultrasonographic observations showed cyclic changes in ovarian structures (e.g. emergence of small follicles, growth and ovulation of dominant follicles and corpus luteum (CL) formation) during the reproductive cycles of the three bears. The diameter of the uterine horns remained similar throughout the reproductive cycle in Bears 1 and 2, and it remained similar from April until October, but an enlargement containing foetuses was observed in Bear 3 in December. The ultrasonographic observations were consistent with the data obtained through vaginal cytology and progesterone analysis during the reproductive cycle. An average of 4.0 (±0.4) dominant follicles was observed during the oestrous stage (May-August), during which the superficial cells accounted for >90% of the total vaginal cells. In addition, the detection of an average of 2.6 (±0.2) CL was associated with increased plasma progesterone concentrations (3.0 ± 0.4 ng/ml) between June and December (near hibernation). In conclusion, serial transrectal ultrasonography demonstrated yearly oestrous (ovulation) cycles via follicular dynamics and CL formation on ovaries, accordingly with vaginal cytology and hormonal level in the Asiatic black bear. PMID:25522189

Kang, H G; Jeong, D H; Yang, J J; Lee, B K; Kong, J K; Lee, J W; Kim, I H

2015-02-01

311

Clients' reasons for prenatal ultrasonography in Ibadan, South West of Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background Prenatal ultrasonography has remained a universal tool but little is known especially from developing countries on clients' reasons for desiring it. Then aim was to determine the reasons why pregnant women will desire a prenatal ultrasound. Methods It was a cross-sectional survey of consecutive 222 women at 2 different ultrasonography facilities in Ibadan, South-west Nigeria. Results The mean age of the respondents was 30.1 ± 4.5 years. The commonest reason for requesting for prenatal ultrasound scans was to check for fetal viability in 144 women (64.7%) of the respondents, followed by fetal gender determination in 50 women (22.6%. Other reasons were to check for number of fetuses, fetal age and placental location. Factors such as younger age, artisans profession and low level of education significantly influenced the decision to check for fetal viability on bivariate analysis but all were not significant on multivariate analysis. Concerning fetal gender determination, older age, Christianity, occupation and gravidity were significant on bivariate analysis, however, only gravidity and occupation remained significant independent predictor on logistic regression model. Women with less than 3 previous pregnancies were about 4 times more likely to request for fetal sex determination than women with more than 3 previous pregnancies, (OR 3.8 95%CI 1.52 – 9.44). The professionals were 7 times more likely than the artisans to request to find out about their fetal sex, (OR 7.0 95%CI 1.47 – 333.20). Conclusion This study shows that Nigerian pregnant women desired prenatal ultrasonography mostly for fetal viability, followed by fetal gender determination. These preferences were influenced by their biosocial variables. PMID:19426518

Enakpene, Christopher A; Morhason-Bello, Imran O; Marinho, Anthony O; Adedokun, Babatunde O; Kalejaiye, Adegoke O; Sogo, Kayode; Gbadamosi, Sikiru A; Awoyinka, Babatunde S; Enabor, Obehi O

2009-01-01

312

Accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute calculous cholecystitis: review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background To evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute calculous cholecystitis in comparison with other imaging modalities. Methods The authors performed a search of the Medline/ PubMed (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland) for original research and review publications examining the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of acute calculous cholecystitis. The search design utilized a single or combination of the following terms : (1) acute cholecystitis, (2) ultrasonography, (3) computed tomography, (4) magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and (5) cholescintigraphy. This review was restricted to human studies and to English-language literature. Four authors reviewed all the titles and subsequent the abstract of 198 articles that appeared appropriate. Other articles were recognized by reviewing the reference lists of significant papers. Finally, the full text of 31 papers was reviewed. Results Sonography is still used as the initial imaging technique for evaluating patients with suspected acute calculous cholecystitis because of its high sensitivity at the detection of GB stones, its real-time character, and its speed and portability. Cholescintigraphy still has the highest sensitivity and specificity in patients who are suspected of having acute cholecystitis. However, due to a combination of reasons including logistic drawbacks, broad imaging capability and clinician referral pattern the use of cholescintigraphy is limited in clinical practice. CT is particularly useful for evaluating the many complications of acute calculous cholecystitis. The lack of widespread availability of MRI and the relatively high cost prohibits its primary use in patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. Conclusions US is currently considered the preferred initial imaging technique for patients who are clinically suspected of having acute calculous cholecystitis. PMID:23902680

2013-01-01

313

Reliability of Rehabilitative Ultrasonography to Measure Transverse Abdominis and Multifidus Muscle Dimensions  

PubMed Central

Background: Lumbar paraspinal muscles play an important role in providing both mobility and stability during dynamic tasks. Among paraspinal muscles, transverse abdominis and lumbar multifidus have been of particular interest as active stabilizers of the lumbar spine. These muscles may become dysfunctional in chronic low back pain (CLBP). Low back injury can result in muscle inhibition and control loss that cannot recover spontaneously, and specific exercises are required to stimulate their recovery. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to test the reliability of ultrasonography to measure muscle dimensions and to present a reliable method for measuring transverse abdominis and lumbar multifidus as stabilizing muscles of the lumbar spine. Subjects and Methods: Fifteen healthy participants (18-55 year olds) were evaluated by a radiologist using ultrasonography (ES500) with two probes (50mm linear 7.5 MHZ and 70 mm curvilinear 3.5 MHz). The muscle thickness of transverse abdominis and the anterior-posterior diameter and cross sectional area of the LMF were measured. To determine within and between days reliabilities, second and third measurements were repeated with half an hour and one week intervals, respectively. Results: Intraclass correlation coefficient for left and right showed good to high reliability for the cross sectional area of lumbar multifidi (0.74 and 0.88, respectively) as well as the anterior-posterior dimensions of lumbar multifidi (0.89 and 0.91, respectively) and transverse abdomini thickness (0.73 and 0.85, respectively). Conclusions: Rehabilitative ultrasonography is a reliable and non-invasive instrument to measure muscle thickness. The method used in this study is a reliable way to measure lumbar stabilizing muscles.

Nabavi, Narjes; Mosallanezhad, Zahra; Haghighatkhah, Hamid Reza; Mohseni Bandpeid, Mohammad Ali

2014-01-01

314

Application of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System in thyroid ultrasonography interpretation by less experienced physicians  

PubMed Central

Purpose: To verify the usefulness of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) for thyroid nodule diagnosis by less experienced physicians. Methods: From March 2012 to May 2012, ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration was performed in 204 thyroid nodules in 195 consecutive patients by four less experienced radiologists (<1 year in thyroid imaging). The number of suspicious ultrasonography features and the total risk score of each thyroid nodule were calculated according to the previous two models suggested by Kwak et al. The Delong method was used to compare the areas under the curve (AUCs) of the two models. Associations between the two models and the risk of malignancy were analyzed using penalized B-splines and the Cochran-Armitage trend test. Results: Among 204 thyroid nodules, 65 were malignant and 139 were benign. The probability of malignancy tended to increase as the number of suspicious ultrasonography features, and the sum of risk scores increased. There was no significant difference in the AUCs of the two models (P=0.673). The Cochran-Armitage trend test demonstrated an increased risk of malignancy as the number of suspicious ultrasonography features and the total risk score increased (P=0.001). Conclusion: Both the number of suspicious ultrasonography features and the total risk score are applicable and show comparable results in the risk stratification of thyroid nodules by less experienced radiologists in thyroid imaging. PMID:24936495

2014-01-01

315

Blood flow in intracranial aneurysms treated with Pipeline embolization devices: computational simulation and verification with Doppler ultrasonography on phantom models  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The aim of this study was to validate a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of flow-diverter treatment through Doppler ultrasonography measurements in patient-specific models of intracranial bifurcation and side-wall aneurysms. Methods: Computational and physical models of patient-specific bifurcation and sidewall aneurysms were constructed from computed tomography angiography with use of stereolithography, a three-dimensional printing technology. Flow dynamics parameters before and after flow-diverter treatment were measured with pulse-wave and color Doppler ultrasonography, and then compared with CFD simulations. Results: CFD simulations showed drastic flow reduction after flow-diverter treatment in both aneurysms. The mean volume flow rate decreased by 90% and 85% for the bifurcation aneurysm and the side-wall aneurysm, respectively. Velocity contour plots from computer simulations before and after flow diversion closely resembled the patterns obtained by color Doppler ultrasonography. Conclusion: The CFD estimation of flow reduction in aneurysms treated with a flow-diverting stent was verified by Doppler ultrasonography in patient-specific phantom models of bifurcation and side-wall aneurysms. The combination of CFD and ultrasonography may constitute a feasible and reliable technique in studying the treatment of intracranial aneurysms with flow-diverting stents. PMID:25754367

2015-01-01

316

Sciatic hernia clinically mimicking obturator hernia, missed by ultrasonography: case report.  

PubMed

Sciatic hernia is a rare pelvic floor hernia that occurs through the greater or lesser sciatic foramen. Sciatic hernias often present as pelvic pain, particularly in women, and diagnosis can be difficult. Sciatic hernia is one of the rarest forms of internal hernia, which can present as signs and symptoms of small bowel obstruction, swelling in the respective gluteal region or pelvic pain. Transabdominal and transgluteal operative approaches, including laparoscopic repair, have been reported. We present a case of left-sided sciatic hernia with incarcerated small bowel as its contents. The hernia was missed by ultrasonography and plain abdominal radiography, but the clinical features were suggestive of an obturator hernia. PMID:21935810

Rather, Shiraz Ahmad; Dar, Tanveer Iqbal; Malik, Aijaz Ahmad; Parray, Fazal Q; Ahmad, Mukhtar; Asrar, Syed

2011-05-01

317

Emergency department diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon calcification and shoulder impingement syndrome using bedside ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

A 45-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 2-day history of severe left shoulder pain made worse with movement. Emergency department (ED) bedside point-of-care static and dynamic ultrasound examination of the supraspinatus tendon revealed supraspinatus tendon calcification with impingement syndrome, and the patient was urgently referred to orthopedics after ED pain control was achieved. Bedside shoulder and supraspinatus tendon evaluation with static and dynamic ultrasonography can assist in the rapid diagnosis of supraspinatus tendon calcification and supraspinatus tendon impingement syndrome in the emergency department. PMID:23398632

2013-01-01

318

Prenatal diagnosis of Goldenhar syndrome with unusual features by 3D ultrasonography.  

PubMed

Oculoauriculo-vertebral spectrum, or Goldenhar syndrome, is characterized by varying degrees of prevalently unilateral underdevelopment of craniofacial structures (orbit, ear, and mandible) and spinal anomalies. We report a patient with unusual features diagnosed prenatally by 3D ultrasonography at 21 weeks' gestation without a family history. An early diagnosis was suggested by observation of a maxillary cleft-plate, multiple vertebral segmentation defects and hypoplastic thumb. Postnatal evaluation also revealed ambiguous genitalia and club feet in addition to the prenatally and postnatally diagnosed classical Goldenhar syndrome features like hemifacial microsomia, preauricular and facial skin tags, coloboma of eyelids, epibulbar dermoid. PMID:24341148

Guzelmansur, I; Ceylaner, G; Ceylaner, S; Ceylan, N; Daplan, T

2013-01-01

319

The Postoperative Appearance of the Liver on Ultrasonography Following Hydatid Cyst Surgery  

PubMed Central

The postoperative ultrasound pattern in 33 patients with previous surgery for unilocular hydatid disease of the liver was investigated. Each patient was submitted to liver scanning with 99mTc pertecnatate, as well as to real time ultrasound examination. The patients were divided into three groups according to the type of surgery performed, namely; omentopexy, introflexion and omentoplexy with introflexion. Postoperative liver scans revealed defects similar to those detected during initial diagnosis in 88% of the patients, regardless of the surgical procedure performed. On the contrary, ultrasonography gave separate specific patterns for each surgical procedure. PMID:2278923

Ilter, Tankut

1990-01-01

320

Ultrasonography of Various Thyroid Diseases in Children and Adolescents: A Pictorial Essay  

PubMed Central

Thyroid imaging is indicated to evaluate congenital hypothyroidism during newborn screening or in cases of a palpable thyroid mass in children and adolescents. This pictorial essay reviews the ultrasonography (US) of thyroid diseases in children and adolescents, including normal thyroid gland development, imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (dysgenesis, [aplasia, ectopy, hypoplasia], dyshormonogenesis, transient hypothyroidism, thyroglossal duct cyst), diffuse thyroid disease (Grave's disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and suppurative thyroiditis), and thyroid nodules. The primary imaging modalities for evaluating thyroid diseases are US and radionuclide scintigraphy. Additionally, US can be used to guide aspiration of detected nodules. PMID:25741204

Lee, Eun Hye; Jeong, Sun Hye; Park, Jisang; Lee, Heon

2015-01-01

321

Ultrasonography of the extremities and pelvic girdle and correlation with computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

Ultrasonography was performed on 54 patients with lesions of the extremities and pelvic girdle. Computed tomography (CT) was employed in 8 patients. Focal space-occupying lesions such as tumors, abscesses, hematomas, aneurysms, and popliteal cysts (dissecting or otherwise) were delineated by ultrasound and their extent defined. Differentiation from diffuse changes such as lymphedema, cellulitis, or phlebitis and diagnosis of aneurysms were possible. Popliteal cysts were ususally quite characteristic, while correlation with the clinical features suggested the correct diagnosis in the case of the other lesions. CT correlated well with ultrasound, except for one tumor of the forearm which was not shown by CT.

Yeh, H.C.; Rabinowitz, J.G.

1982-05-01

322

Potential application of interventional endoscopic ultrasonography for the treatment of esophageal and gastric varices.  

PubMed

Interventional endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has been developed mainly for the treatment of pancreaticobiliary disorders (e.g. cyst drainage for pancreatic pseudocysts, biliary drainage for malignant biliary obstruction, and celiac plexus neurolysis). Recently, the application of interventional EUS has been expanded to a new field, the treatment of gastrointestinal varices. There have been several studies examining this new technique for the treatment of esophageal and gastric varices. In the present review, we have summarized the current status of interventional EUS for the treatment of esophageal and gastric varices (e.g. EUS-guided coil deployment for gastric varices) and clarified the clinical feasibility of this procedure. PMID:25594429

Hikichi, Takuto; Obara, Katsutoshi; Nakamura, Shin-Ichi; Irisawa, Atsushi; Ohira, Hiromasa

2015-04-01

323

Endoscopic ultrasonography: an advancing option with duality in both diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal oncology  

PubMed Central

Since their introduction into the clinical practices in 1980s, techniques of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) have been rapidly developing and are now in widespread use in gastrointestinal oncology. Evolving from the classical option, EUS today has been much innovated with addition of a variety of novel ideation which makes it a powerful tool with encouraging duality for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. There is a dire need for physicians in this field to understand the status quo of EUS as related to the management and detection of gastrointestinal tumors, which is globally reviewed in this paper. PMID:25561772

2014-01-01

324

[Left atrial giant myxoma incidentally discovered during endoscopic ultrasonography; report of a case].  

PubMed

A 49-year-old female patient with a symptom of dysphagia underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) of the upper gastrointestinal tract, which incidentally revealed a tumor compressing the esophagus from outside. Transthoracic echocardiography performed after EUS showed a giant tumor in the left atrium. The tumor, measuring 75×68×43 mm, weighing 105 g was successfully removed, and pathologically diagnosed as myxoma. Her symptom disappeared completely. When performing clinical studies, it is important to pay every attention not to miss any abnormal findings beyond the scope of targeted areas. We also mentioned an ambiguity of the term," giant" regarding the size and weight of myxoma. PMID:25434549

Saitoh, Hirofumi; Morita, Terumasa; Sugiura, Hirotaka; Otsuka, Hideaki; Tomii, Koichi; Takayama, Tsugumi; Okura, Yuji; Kurita, Satoshi; Kawasaki, Takashi

2014-12-01

325

Double contrast-enhanced two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasonography for evaluation of gastric lesions  

PubMed Central

AIM: To investigate the value of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) double contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCUS) imaging for evaluation of gastric lesions. METHODS: 2D and 3D DCUS imaging with both oral and intravenous administrations of contrast agents was used to assess gastroscopiclly-confirmed gastric lesions in 46 patients with benign and malignant diseases. Initially, liquid-based ultrasound contrast agent (Xinzhang®) was given orally at dose of 500-600 mL for conventional ultrasound examination of the gastric lesions, and then a microbubble-based contrast agent (SonoVue) was injected intravenously at dose of 1.2-2.4 mL in bolus fashion to assess the perfusion pattern of the lesions using contrast imaging modes. The parameters derived from time-intensity curves including the arrival time (AT), time to peak (TTP), peak intensity (PI) and enhanced intensity (EI) were measured on the 2D DCUS imaging. 3D DCUS of the lesions was acquired to demonstrate the value of this imaging mode. RESULTS: There were 22 cases with benign lesions including chronic gastritis (n = 5), gastric ulcer (n = 9), gastric polyps (n = 3), gastric stromal tumors (n = 5), and 24 cases with malignant lesions including gastric cancer (n = 20), gastric cardia carcinoma (n = 3) and post-operative recurrent gastric cancer (n = 1) in the study. The oral contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) imaging of the stomach clearly demonstrated the anatomy of the stomach and morphologic features of gastric lesions. With optimal scanning window and imaging display under oral CEUS, intravenous CEUS clearly showed the perfusion of gastric lesions with various characteristic manifestations. Both 2D and 3D DCUS images clearly demonstrated normal gastric wall as a three-layer structure, from the inside out, hyperechoic mucosa, hypoechoic muscularis and hyperechoic serosa, respectively. There were statistical significant differences of AT (8.68 ± 2.06 vs 10.43 ± 2.75, P = 0.017), PI (34.64 ± 6.63 vs 29.58 ± 8.22, P = 0.023) and EI (29.72 ± 6.69 vs 22.66 ± 7.01, P = 0.001) between malignant lesions and normal gastric wall. However, no differences of AT, PI and EI between benign lesions and normal gastric wall tissue were found. 3D DCUS could intuitively display morphological features and vascularities of the lesions with multiplanar and volume views. 3D DCUS imaging provided comprehensive information complementary to 2D imaging. The crater or wellhead appearances and feeding vessels as well as distorted nourishing vasculature of gastric carcinoma were better seen with 3D imaging than 2D imaging. CONCLUSION: DCUS imaging can simultaneously display the anatomic and perfusion features of gastric lesions. 3D DCUS can provide additional information to 2D DCUS for evaluation of gastric lesions. PMID:22919245

Shi, Hong; Yu, Xiu-Hua; Guo, Xin-Zhang; Guo, Yuan; Zhang, Hong; Qian, Bin; Wei, Zhang-Rui; Li, Li; Wang, Xian-Chen; Kong, Zi-Xiang

2012-01-01

326

Improved characterisation of histologically proven liver tumours by contrast enhanced ultrasonography during the portal venous and specific late phase of SHU 508A  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Ultrasound is reported to be relatively unreliable in the characterisation of liver tumours. The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of contrast enhanced phase inversion ultrasound (PIUS), a new highly sensitive contrast specific technique, performed during the liver specific phase of Levovist, to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions of the liver. Patients and methods: A total of 174 patients with histologically proven liver tumours were prospectively examined with conventional B mode ultrasound and two minutes after intravenous bolus injection of SHU 508A (Levovist). The examination technique comprised: Siemens Sonoline Elegra, phase inversion harmonic imaging (ECI); high mechanical index (1.2–1.7) using a delayed two minute post contrast scanning technique. Results: In all patients with malignant disease, hypoechoic contrast enhancement was seen during the portal venous phase, and convincing but variably less demarcated in 13 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma compared with all patients with liver metastases. The liver tumours proved to be histologically benign in 95 patients and malignant in 79 patients. Homogenous contrast enhancement with a mainly isoechogenic appearance in the portal venous and liver specific late phase was seen in almost all patients with benign liver lesions with the exception of one patient with an inflammatory pseudotumour of the liver and five patients with abscesses. These six exceptions all demonstrated a hypoechoic appearance in the portal venous and liver specific late phase. Discussion: The ability of unenhanced ultrasonography to characterise liver disease is known to be limited. PIUS performed during the portal venous and liver specific late phase of Levovist may differentiate between benign and malignant liver tumours in most cases, with the exception of, for example, abscesses, scars, necrosis, cysts, and calcifications, which need to be excluded clinically and by conventional B mode ultrasonography. PMID:14960524

Dietrich, C F; Ignee, A; Trojan, J; Fellbaum, C; Schuessler, G

2004-01-01

327

Shear rate specific blood viscosity and shear stress of carotid artery duplex ultrasonography in patients with lacunar infarction  

PubMed Central

Background This study describes a new method for determining site-specific vascular shear stress using dynamic measures of shear rate and blood viscosity (BV) in the carotid arteries, and examines characteristics of carotid arterial shear stress among patients with lacunar infarction. Methods Vascular shear stress measurements were conducted in 37 patients (17 lacunar infarction patients and 20 control subjects) using duplex ultrasonography. Vessel wall diameters and velocities were measured in each arterial segment at peak-systolic (PS) and end-diastolic (ED) phases, for calculation of PS/ED shear rates. PS/ED shear stresses [dyne/cm2] were determined with PS/ED shear rates and shear-rate dependent BV values. For comparison, both values of hematocrit-derived BV and BV measurements at 300 s-1 were used for calculation of shear stress. Results All cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors including BV values were similar between the two groups. In both common carotid arteries, PS and ED shear stresses were significantly lower in the patients with lacunar infarction than in controls in multivariate models that included age, sex, and other major CVD risk factors. PS and ED shear stresses using the shear rate specific BV were 4.5% lower and 7.3% higher than those using the two other BVs, respectively. Conclusion Lacunar infarction was associated with reduced carotid arterial shear stress. The use of estimated BV for calculating carotid arterial shear stress provides more accurate assessment of the hemodynamic contribution of shear stress than previous models that have arbitrarily assigned a constant value to this dynamic flow property. PMID:23597083

2013-01-01

328

Diagnostic Accuracy of Chest Ultrasonography versus Chest Radiography for Identification of Pneumothorax: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Early detection of pneumothorax is critically important. Several studies have shown that chest ultrasonography (CUS) is a highly sensitive and specific tool. The present systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CUS and chest radiography (CXR) for detection of pneumothorax. Materials and Methods The literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, SUMSearch, Trip databases, and review article references. Eligible articles were defined as diagnostic studies on patients suspected for pneumothorax who underwent chest computed tomography (CT) scan and those assessing the screening role of CUS and CXR. Results The analysis showed the pooled sensitivity and specificity of CUS were 0.87 (95% CI: 0.81-0.92; I2= 88.89, P<0.001) and 0.99 (95% CI: 0.98-0.99; I2= 86.46, P<0.001), respectively. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of CXR were 0.46 (95% CI: 0.36-0.56; I2= 85.34, P<0.001) and 1.0 (95% CI: 0.99-1.0; I2= 79.67, P<0.001), respectively. The Meta regression showed that the sensitivity (0.88; 95% CI: 0.82 - 0.94) and specificity (0.99; 95% CI: 0.98 - 1.00) of ultrasound performed by the emergency physician was higher than by non-emergency physician. Non-trauma setting was associated with higher pooled sensitivity (0.90; 95% CI: 0.83 – 0.98) and lower specificity (0.97; 95% CI: 0.95 – 0.99). Conclusion The present meta-analysis showed that the diagnostic accuracy of CUS was higher than supine CXR for detection of pneumothorax. It seems that CUS is superior to CXR in detection of pneumothorax, even after adjusting for possible sources of heterogeneity.

Ebrahimi, Ali; Mohammad Kazemi, Hossein; Rasouli, Hamid Reza; Asady, Hadi; Moghadas Jafari, Ali; Hosseini, Mostafa

2014-01-01

329

Diagnostic Role of Conventional Ultrasonography and Shearwave Elastography in Asymptomatic Patients with Diffuse Thyroid Disease: Initial Experience with 57 Patients  

PubMed Central

Purpose Thyroid ultrasonography (US) is a useful diagnostic tool in the evaluation of diffuse thyroid disease (DTD), whereas shearwave elastography is a dynamic technique that can provide information about tissue hardness by using acoustic shearwaves remotely induced by a focused ultrasonic beam. This study aims at investigating the role of conventional US and shearwave elastography in the diagnosis of asymptomatic patients with DTD. Materials and Methods Fifty-seven patients who underwent both conventional US and shearwave elastography were included in this study. Interobserver variability of the three radiologists in assessment of underlying thyroid echogenicity on conventional US was analyzed. Diagnostic performances for diagnosing DTD on conventional US and shearwave elastography were calculated and compared. Results Fair agreement was observed in the identification of DTD with conventional US (kappa value=0.27). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (Az) were 0.52-0.585 on conventional US by three radiologists. The Az values when using the mean and maximum elasticity values as a diagnostic criteria for DTD were 0.619 and 0.59 on shearwave elastography. Patients with DTD showed higher mean [24.1±10 kilo-Pascals (kPa)] and maximum (36.4±13.3 kPa) elasticity values on shearwave elastography when compared to the normal group (23.4±10.8 kPa and 33.7±12.4 kPa, respectively), although without statistical significance (p=0.802 and p=0.452, respectively). Conclusion Conventional US did not show reliable interobserver agreement in the diagnosis of DTD. Although not statistically significant, shearwave elastography may provide additional information in the diagnosis of DTD. Therefore, larger prospective studies are needed to define the values of shearwave elastography for diagnosing DTD. PMID:24339314

Kim, Injoong; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Yoon, Jung Hyun; Han, Kyung Hwa; Son, Eun Ju; Moon, Hee Jung

2014-01-01

330

Comparison between Ultrasonography and Computed Tomography for Detecting the Pyramidal Lobe of the Thyroid Gland: A Prospective Multicenter Study  

PubMed Central

Objective To compare the detection rates of the pyramidal lobe of the thyroid gland (TPL) using ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in a prospective multi-center study. Materials and Methods We enrolled 582 patients who underwent neck CT at six institutions. Each radiologist prospectively evaluated the presence and features of TPLs on thyroid US. Radiologists were divided into two groups according to their previous experience in detecting TPL on US or CT. The same radiologist also retrospectively assessed CT findings, blinded to the corresponding US findings. Results The pyramidal lobe of the thyroid glands were detected in 230 cases (39.5%) on US and in 276 cases (47.6%) on CT. The TPL detection rate at the six institutions ranged from 22.0% to 59% for US and from 34.1% to 59% using CT. There were significant differences between US and CT in the detection rate, length, anteroposterior diameter, volume, and superior extent of TPL (p ? 0.027). The TPL detection rates on both US and CT (p < 0.001) differed significantly according to the experience level of the radiologists. When the CT result was used as a reference standard, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, as well as the accuracy of US for TPL detection were 72.6%, 91.5%, 89.3%, 77.3%, and 82.1%, respectively. Conclusion Our prospective multicenter study revealed that US could detect TPL with relatively high diagnostic accuracy compared to CT. Because the detection rate of TPL varied significantly according to the radiologists' level of experience, careful inspection is necessary to avoid imaging pitfalls and ensure appropriate evaluation of TPL on both US and CT. PMID:25741202

Kim, Dong Wook; Kim, Jinna; Ryu, Ji Hwa; Sung, Jin Yong; Lim, Hyun Kyung

2015-01-01

331

EULAR report on the use of ultrasonography in painful knee osteoarthritis. Part 1: Prevalence of inflammation in osteoarthritis  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of inflammation in subjects with chronic painful knee osteoarthritis (OA), as determined by the presence of synovitis or joint effusion at ultrasonography (US); and to evaluate the correlation between synovitis, effusion, and clinical parameters. Methods: A cross sectional, multicentre, European study was conducted under the umbrella of EULAR-ESCISIT. Subjects had primary chronic knee OA (ACR criteria) with pain during physical activity ?30 mm for at least 48 hours. Clinical parameters were collected by a rheumatologist and an US examination of the painful knee was performed by a radiologist or rheumatologist within 72 hours of the clinical examination. Ultrasonographic synovitis was defined as synovial thickness ?4 mm and diffuse or nodular appearance, and a joint effusion was defined as effusion depth ?4 mm. Results: 600 patients with painful knee OA were analysed. At US 16 (2.7%) had synovitis alone, 85 (14.2%) had both synovitis and effusion, 177 (29.5%) had joint effusion alone, and 322 (53.7%) had no inflammation according to the definitions employed. Multivariate analysis showed that inflammation seen by US correlated statistically with advanced radiographic disease (Kellgren-Lawrence grade ?3; odds ratio (OR) = 2.20 and 1.91 for synovitis and joint effusion, respectively), and with clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of an inflammatory "flare", such as joint effusion on clinical examination (OR = 1.97 and 2.70 for synovitis and joint effusion, respectively) or sudden aggravation of knee pain (OR = 1.77 for joint effusion). Conclusion: US can detect synovial inflammation and effusion in painful knee OA, which correlate significantly with knee synovitis, effusion, and clinical parameters suggestive of an inflammatory "flare". PMID:15878903

D'Agostino, M; Conaghan, P; Le Bars, M; Baron, G; Grassi, W; Martin-Mola, E; Wakefield, R; Brasseur, J; So, A; Backhaus, M; Malaise, M; Burmester, G; Schmidely, N; Ravaud, P; Dougados, M; Emery, P

2005-01-01

332

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography evaluation after autologous fat grafting in scar revision  

PubMed Central

Aim Fat transfer is commonly used to fill loss of volume in depressed scars caused by trauma, deep burns or surgery. The aim of the study is to investigate the degree of fat graft take through evaluation of the microcirculation of grafted autologous adipose tissue using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Patients and method From 2010 to 2012 at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the Traumatological Center in Turin, a study population was selected from patients with surgical indications for autologous fat transfer for scar correction. For each surgical procedure patients underwent a clinical and sonographic evaluation before and after intervention (at 1 month and 3 months). Results Out of a total of 28 interventions, 24 showed a good result; defined as improvement of the scar, and confirmed by the presence of vascularization in the transplanted tissue. In 4 cases, there was a lack of blood supply at the first evaluation but an initial good clinical scar correction. The absence of blood vessels was confirmed at 3 months accompanied by complete resorption of the transferred fat with a failure of good clinical outcome. Conclusion Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography was able to evaluate the microvasculature of adipose tissue after fat transfer. Due to this characteristic, it allows to monitor and predict the take of adipose tissue and provide realistic and early information on the clinical outcome of fat transfer. PMID:25644727

BOLLERO, D.; POZZA, S.; GANGEMI, E.N.; DE MARCHI, A.; GANEM, J.; EL KHATIB, A.M.; FALETTI, C.; STELLA, M.

2014-01-01

333

Application of Bland-Altman Method in Comparing Transrectal and Transabdominal Ultrasonography for Estimating Prostate Volume  

PubMed Central

Background Estimating prostate volume using less invasive transabdominal ultrasonography (TAUS) instead of transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is of interest in terms of identifying their agreement level. Previous reports on this subject, applied general correlation coefficient as the level of agreement. This study uses Bland-Altman method to quantify TAUS and TRUS agreement on estimating prostate volume. Methods Total prostate gland volume of 40 patients with signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia were measured using TAUS and TRUS. The study was carried out at the Urology Research Center, Razi Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences (Rasht, Iran) from March to October 2010. Both methods were performed in one session by the same experienced radiologist. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman method. Results Total prostate volume estimated by TAUS and TRUS were 50.30±23 and 50.73±24.6 mL, respectively. The limits of agreement for the total prostate volume were -6.86/9.84 that was larger than predefined clinical acceptable margin of 5 mL. Conclusion There is a lack of agreement between TAUS and TRUS for estimating the total prostate volume. It is not recommended to apply TAUS instead of TRUS for estimating prostate volume. PMID:25650064

Babaei Jandaghi, Ali; Shakiba, Maryam; Nasseh, Hamidreza; Korouji, Yaser; Esmaeili, Samaneh; Khadem Maboudi, Ali Akbar; Khorshidi, Ali

2015-01-01

334

Prenatal Diagnosis of Treacher-Collins Syndrome Using Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography and Differential Diagnosis with Other Acrofacial Dysostosis Syndromes  

PubMed Central

Treacher-Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare dominant autosomal anomaly resulting from malformation or disruption of the development of the first and second branchial arches. It is characterized by micrognathia, malar hypoplasia, and malformations of the eyes and ears. The prenatal diagnosis using two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) is characterized by identification of facial malformations together with polyhydramnios. Three-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) has the capacity to spatially display these facial malformations, thus making it easy for the parents to understand them. We present a case of TCS diagnosed in the 33rd week using 3DUS, with postnatal confirmation using cranial computed tomography and anatomopathological analysis. PMID:23653874

Pereira, Daniela Cardoso; Bussamra, Luiz Claudio Silva; Drummond, Carolina Leite; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes; Aldrighi, José Mendes

2013-01-01

335

Image fusion of MR images and real-time ultrasonography: evaluation of fusion accuracy combining two commercial instruments, a neuronavigation system and a ultrasound system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Objective. The aim of our study was to evaluate MRI\\/Ultrasonography fusion accuracy depending on three ultrasonographic parameters. Method. An ultrasonography and MRI compatible model was created, consisting of a plastic box, which contained 3 objects. MRI scans were performed with 128 sagittal slices. The objects were segmented and 3D reconstructions were created. A special ultrasound adapter with 3 reflective

J. R. Schlaier; J. Warnat; U. Dorenbeck; M. Proescholdt; K.-M. Schebesch; A. Brawanski

2004-01-01

336

Should Complete and Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Patients Receive the Same Attention in Urodynamic Evaluations and Ultrasonography Examinations of the Upper Urinary Tract?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to compare urodynamic findings and upper urinary tract (UUT) abnormalities detected by ultrasonography in complete and incomplete suprasacral spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. Thirty-eight suprasacral SCI patients who underwent ultrasonography evaluation of the UUT and urodynamic…

Akkoc, Yesim; Cinar, Yasemin; Kismali, Erkan

2012-01-01

337

The effects of norethisterone on endometrial abnormalities identified by transvaginal ultrasound screening of healthy post-menopausal women on tamoxifen or placebo.  

PubMed Central

Tamoxifen (tam) is used extensively for treatment of patients with breast cancer and is being evaluated for chemoprevention in healthy women. It has, however, been reported to increase the risk of endometrial cancer in post-menopausal women, probably by an oestrogenic effect on the endometrium. It also causes endometrial cysts and polyps. The aims of this study were to identify the incidence of endometrial thickening, polyps and cysts by transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) screening of a population of post-menopausal healthy women in the Royal Marsden tamoxifen chemoprevention trial and to evaluate the possible benefit from the use of intermittent norethisterone (NE) in women with persistent changes. Since 1990, we have undertaken regular TVUS, using an endovaginal B mode probe, of the 463 post-menopausal women in the trial randomized to tam (20 mg day(-1)) or placebo (plac), without breaking the randomization code. Endometrial thickening (ET) was defined as > or = 8 mm at the widest point across the myometrial cavity in the longitudinal plane, including any stromal changes. Cystic changes were defined as more than one hypoechogenic area > 1 mm. Polyps were identified using saline hydrosonography. Oral NE (2.5 mg day(-1)) was used for 21 days out of 28 for three consecutive cycles by women with persistent endometrium > or = 8 mm, including cystic and polypoid changes. TVUS was repeated after the three courses to evaluate any change caused by NE and endometrial biopsies, including hysteroscopy, was performed on those women with persistent abnormalities. A persistent ET > or = 8 mm was identified in 56 (24%) of the 235 women on tamoxifen compared with only 5 (2%) of 228 women on placebo (P <0.0005). Stromal changes, including cysts, were detected in 36 (15%) and polyps in 26 (11%) of the women on tamoxifen compared with only two (< 1%) of the women on placebo (P << 0.0005). After 3 months of cyclical norethisterone, 39 of 47 women (83%) on tamoxifen had persistent ultrasound changes. However, 45 (96%) had a progesterone withdrawal bleed. Hysteroscopy was performed in 39 women on tamoxifen (28 endometrial biopsy, 15 polypectomy), five of whom had histological evidence of a proliferative endometrium and a further three had an atypical hyperplastic endometrium (one of whom had a focus of invasive carcinoma). The cysts and polyps which were detected in women on tam could not be reversed by NE and were presumably stromal and not of malignant risk. However, 96% of the women had withdrawal NE bleeding, indicating an oestrogenically primed endometrium which could be a mechanism for an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Further studies are required to ascertain whether a progestin would protect against this risk. As in other studies, these results indicate that any increased risk of endometrial cancer caused by tamoxifen is low, and that TVUS screening is probably not justified for asymptomatic women on tamoxifen. PMID:9683306

Powles, T. J.; Bourne, T.; Athanasiou, S.; Chang, J.; Gruböck, K.; Ashley, S.; Oakes, L.; Tidy, A.; Davey, J.; Viggers, J.; Humphries, S.; Collins, W.

1998-01-01

338

A comparison of clinical estimation, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopy in determining the size of rotator cuff tears  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective study was undertaken to compare the ability of clinical estimation, diagnostic ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopy to estimate the size of rotator cuff tears. Estimates of rotator cuff tear size were compared with the findings at open operation in 33 consecutive patients with a presumptive diagnosis of rotator cuff tear. Arthroscopy estimates of rotator cuff tear size

Lawrence Bryant; Ron Shnier; Carl Bryant; George A. C Murrell

2002-01-01

339

Iodine131 metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy for localization of lesions in children with neuroblastoma: comparison with computed tomography and ultrasonography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US) were used to localize tumour lesions in 28 children with histologically proven neuroblastoma. Overall, a total of 73 lesions were detected on imaging studies. MIBG scintigraphy, CT and US localized 63 (86%), 49 (67%) and 36 (49%) of these lesions, respectively. The findings of the three imaging techniques were concordant

S. Lastoria; S. Maurea; C. Caracò; E. Vergara; L. Maurelli; P. Indolfi; F. Casale; M. T. Tullio; M. Salvatore

1993-01-01

340

Selection of Superior Scanning Methods for A- and B-Scan Ultrasonography of the Eye and Orbit  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ascertain the most suitable B-scanning technique for ultrasonography of the eye and orbit, a schematic eye was constructed for calculating the results of sound refraction. The beamdeflections were calculated for linear (parallel), sector, and arc (circle section) scan. Extended experimental meridional measurements confirmed the results of these calculations. arc scans proved unequivocally superior to all other modes

W. Buschmann; R. Klopp; B. Seefeld

1971-01-01

341

Early Detection of Atrophy of Foot Muscles in Chinese Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by High-Frequency Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of high-frequency ultrasonography in detecting atrophy of foot muscles in Chinese patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Chinese patients of T2DM with (n = 56) or without (n = 50) diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and the control subjects (n = 50) were enrolled. The nondominant foot of all subjects was examined with high-frequency ultrasonography. The transverse diameter, thickness, and cross-sectional area of the extensor digitorum brevis muscle (EDB) and the thickness of the muscles of the first interstitium (MILs) were measured. The results showed that the ultrasonographic transverse diameter, thickness, and cross-sectional area of EDB and the thickness of MILs in patients of T2DM with DPN were significantly smaller than those in patients of T2DM without DPN (all P < 0.01) and those in the control subjects (all P < 0.01). The transverse diameter and cross-sectional area of the EDB and thickness of MILs in patients of T2DM without DPN were significantly smaller than those of the control subjects (all P < 0.01). In conclusion, the atrophy of foot muscle in Chinese T2DM patients can be detected by high-frequency ultrasonography. Notably, ultrasonography may detect early atrophy of foot muscles in patients without DPN. PMID:25165725

Wang, Xiaohui; Chen, Liang; Liu, Weiwei; Su, Benli; Zhang, Yuhong

2014-01-01

342

A field study into the appropriateness of transcutaneous ultrasonography in the diagnoses of uterine disorders in reproductively failed pigs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to define the characteristics of the uterus of reproductively failed pigs by transcutaneous ultrasonography (SONO) in order to investigate the appropriateness of SONO to diagnose presumptive uterine disorders. Zearalenone (ZEA) is known to affect uterine function and causes endometrial liquid accumulation and was also determined. In 33 sows and 14 gilts, of unknown reproductive stages and

Johannes Kauffold; Tanja Rautenberg; Grit Hoffmann; Neville Beynon; Ingo Schellenberg; Axel Sobiraj

2005-01-01

343

Continuous transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and electroencephalography during carotid endarterectomy: A multimodal monitoring system to detect intraoperative ischemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) and EEG monitoring during carotid endarterectomy provide continuous information on the electrical activity of the cerebral cortex, blood flow velocities in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery, and the occurrence of microemboli. One hundred thirty carotid endarterectomies performed with TCD and EEG monitoring were studied prospectively. During cross-clamping of the carotid artery a high correlation was found

Cees Jansen; Frans L. Moll; Freddie E. E. Vermeulen; Johanna M. P. I. van Haelst; Rob G. A. Ackerstaff

1993-01-01

344

Use of Audible and Chart-recorded Ultrasonography to Monitor Fetal Heart Rate and Uterine Blood Flow Parameters in Cattle  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the use of audible chart-recorded doppler ultrasonography (DUS) to monitor both uterine blood flow and fetal heart rate (FHR) during pregnancy in dairy cattle. Possible applications of DUS include the monitoring of fetal distress when a pregnancy be...

345

Fusion imaging of real-time ultrasonography with CT or MRI for hepatic intervention  

PubMed Central

With the technical development of ultrasonography (US), electromagnetic tracking-based fusion imaging of real-time US and computed tomography/magnetic resonance (CT/MR) images has been used for percutaneous hepatic intervention such as biopsy and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Because of the fusion imaging technique, the fused CT or MR images show the same plane and move synchronously while performing real-time US. With this information, fusion imaging can enhance lesion detectability and reduce the false positive detection of focal hepatic lesions with poor sonographic conspicuity. Three-dimensional US can also be fused with realtime US for the percutaneous RFA of liver tumors requiring overlapping ablation. When fusion imaging is not sufficient for identifying small focal hepatic lesions, contrast-enhanced US can be added to fusion imaging. PMID:25036756

2014-01-01

346

Mediastinal Schwannoma Diagnosed by Endoscopic Ultrasonography-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology  

PubMed Central

Schwannoma is the most common neurogenic tumor that is derived from the peripheral nerve sheath. There are no specific serologic markers or characteristic imaging abnormalities associated with schwannoma. Tissue diagnosis and immunohistochemistry are required to diagnose this lesion. We describe a 65-year-old male with a finding of three mass lesions in the superior and middle mediastinum on computed tomography of the chest. The largest lesion measured 4.6 × 5 cm. The patient subsequently underwent endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of the lesion and cytology was consistent with spindle cell neoplasm. Immunohistochemical staining of the cytologic specimen was positive for S-100 and negative for pan-cytokeratin, CD34, CD117, calcitonin, smooth muscle actin and desmin. These findings were consistent with schwannoma. This is the second reported case of a mediastinal schwannoma diagnosed by EUS-FNA. PMID:21829397

Pakseresht, Kavous; Reddymasu, Savio C.; Oropeza-Vail, Melissa M.; Fan, Fang; Olyaee, Mojtaba

2011-01-01

347

Ultrasonography in prostate cancer: current roles and potential applications in radiorecurrent disease.  

PubMed

The use of ultrasound technology for prostate cancer imaging has evolved over many years. In order to fully appreciate today's application of prostate ultrasound in the primary diagnostic setting as well as for radiorecurrent prostate cancer, it is helpful to understand the progression of this technology from its inception. This review begins with a brief history of the development of ultrasonography for the prostate. This is followed by a summary of the data evaluating ultrasound in the primary diagnosis of prostate cancer. Its application in the post-treatment setting is then addressed. Finally, several emerging technologies are discussed, including contrast-enhanced ultrasound, elastography and HistoScanning. These new modalities may hold promise for identifying incompletely ablated prostate tissue following radiation therapy or other ablative techniques. PMID:23636742

Rosoff, James S; Prasad, Sandip M; Savage, Stephen J

2013-12-01

348

Study of endometrial thickness by ultrasonography in regular and irregular menstrual cycles.  

PubMed

Endometrium is the mucosal layer of uterus. Throughout the reproductive age endometrium undergoes cyclical changes during each lunar month to prepare the uterus for implantation. Endometrium proliferates and regenerates during menstrual cycle. The most common cause of abnormal vaginal bleeding during a woman's reproductive years is dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Aim of this study was to compare endometrial thickness in regular and irregular menstrual cycles. A total of 111 patients with regular and irregular menstrual bleeding were selected. Age, duration of menstrual cycle, detailed menstrual history, endometrial thickness, difference in endometrial thickness before and after treatment were recorded. Endometrial thickness was recorded by ultrasonography. In patients with abnormal uterine bleeding, if endometrial thickness was less than 8mm first medical line of treatment was advised. If endometrial thickness was greater than 8mm, line of treatment depended on age and pattern of bleeding. PMID:24968495

Shinde, Charushila D; Patil, Pankaj G; Katti, Karuna; Geetha, K N

2013-10-01

349

Ultrasonography of Median Nerve and Electrophysiologic Severity in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the correlation of the ultrasonographic wrist-to-forearm median nerve area ratio (WFR) and cross sectional area of median nerve at the wrist (CSA-W) to the electrophysiologic severity in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Method One hundred and ten wrists electrophysiologically graded as mild, moderate, and severe CTS and 38 healthy controls underwent ultrasonography of median nerve at the distal wrist crease and mid-forearm. WFR and CSA-W were analyzed according to the severity of CTS. Results WFR was 1.12±0.14, 1.91±0.33, 2.27±0.47 and 3.02±0.97 and the CSAs-W was 7.23±1.67 mm2, 13.51±3.72 mm2, 14.67±2.93 mm2, and 18.74±6.01 mm2 in controls, mild (n=28), moderate (n=46), and severe (n=36) CTS, respectively. CSA-W displayed significant differences between the control and the mild CTS, moderate CTS and severe CTS groups. However, there was no significant difference between mild CTS and moderate CTS groups. WFR revealed significant difference between all groups. The sensitivity and specificity of the WFR in grading the severity of CTS were higher than those of the CSA-W. Conclusion Ultrasonography is a useful complementary tool for the evaluation of CTS. Both WFR and CSA-W are highly correlated with severity grade of CTS. However, WFR is superior to CSA-W for diagnosis and grading of the severity of CTS. PMID:22506238

Kang, Seok; Kim, Ki Hoon; Yun, Hyung Seok

2012-01-01

350

Severe Portal Hypertension in Cirrhosis: Evaluation of Perfusion Parameters with Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) in the diagnosis of severe portal hypertension (PH) in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Methods Patients with PH scheduled to receive hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) measurement were recruited for this study. Hepatic DUS and CEUS were performed successively. Several Doppler and CEUS parameters were explored for correlation with HVPG values and their association with severe PH (? 12 mmHg of HVPG). Comparison of the parameters between the severe and non-severe PH groups and their correlation with HVPG values was evaluated. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was also performed to investigate the performance in order to diagnose severe PH. Results Fifty-three consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. Among them, 43 patients did not have significant ascites. Compared with the non-severe PH group, portal venous velocity and intrahepatic transit time (ITT) were significantly reduced in the severe PH group (all p<0.05). Difference between inspiratory and expiratory hepatic venous damping indices (?HVDI), hepatic venous arrival time (HVAT) and ITT moderately correlated with HVPG (r = -0.358, -0.338, and -0.613, respectively). Areas under the curves for severe PH were 0.94 of ITT and 0.72 of HVAT, respectively (all p<0.05). ITT under 6 seconds indicated severe PH with a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 89%. Conclusions Hepatic CEUS may be more useful in estimating the HVPG value and determining the presence of severe PH compared to DUS, and ITT was the most accurate parameter to diagnose severe PH. PMID:25798930

Sohn, Joo Hyun; Kim, Yongsoo; Kim, Jinoo

2015-01-01

351

The role of thoracic ultrasonography in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) is still a problem especially at emergency units. The purpose of study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic ultrasonography (TUS) in patients with PE. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 patients with suspected PE were evaluated in Department of Pulmonary Diseases of a Training and Reasearch Hospital between January 2010 and July 2011. At the begining, TUS was performed by a chest physician, subsequently for definitive diagnosis computed tomography pulmonary angiography were performed in all cases as a reference method. Other diagnostic procedures were examination of serum d-dimer levels, echocardiography, and venous doppler ultrasonography of the legs. Both chest physician and radiologist were blinded to the results of other diagnostic method. Diagnosis of PE was suggested if at least one typical pleural-based/subpleural wedge-shaped or round hypoechoic lesion with or without pleural effusion was reported by TUS. Presence of pure pleural effusion or normal sonographic findings were accepted as negative TUS for PE. RESULTS: PE was diagnosed in 30 patients. It was shown that TUS was true positive in 27 patients and false positive in eight and true negative in 12 and false negative in three. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of TUS in diagnosis of PE for clinically suspected patients were 90%, 60%, 77.1%, 80%, and 78%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: TUS with a high sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy, is a noninvasive, widely available, cost-effective method which can be rapidly performed. A negative TUS study cannot rule out PE with certainty, but positive TUS findings with moderate/high suspicion for PE may prove a valuable tool in diagnosis of PE at bedside especially at emergency setting, for critically ill and immobile patients, facilitating immediate treatment decision. PMID:23741272

Comert, Sevda Sener; Caglayan, Benan; Akturk, Ulku; Fidan, Ali; K?ral, Nesrin; Parmaks?z, Elif; Salepci, Banu; Kurtulus, Betul Ayca Ozdere

2013-01-01

352

Does Contrast-Enhanced Cervical Ultrasonography Improve Preoperative Localization Results in Patients With Sporadic Primary Hyperparathyroidism?  

PubMed Central

Objective: Pre-operative localization studies are inevitable in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), who are eligible for focused or minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP). High-resolution ultrasonography (US) in combination with planar 99mTc-Sestamibi-scintigraphy (MIBI) and additional single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) are the standard procedures to localize enlarged parathyroid glands. Our aim was to evaluate the practicability and significance of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in patients with pHPT. Materials and Methods: All investigations were performed at the University Hospital Marburg. Totally, 25 patients with biochemical proven pHPT underwent preoperative US, MIBI/SPECT, and CEUS. For CEUS, a suspension of phospholipid-stabilized sulfur-hexafluoride (SF6) microbubbles in combination with a special 12 MHz linear US probe was used. All patients were investigated by two sonographers, who did not get to view the findings noted by the other. Finally, surgery was performed and histopathological results were obtained from 24 patients. Results: In 17 (68%) patients, US and MIBI/SPECT already raised suspicion of parathyroid lesions and all suspected lesions were reassessed by CEUS. However, no additional information was obtained using CEUS. Especially in eight patients with negative or inconsistent US and MIBI/SPECT results, CEUS did not provide additional information regarding the site of the suspected parathyroid adenoma. Overall, no side effects were observed using CEUS. Surgical cure was achieved in all patients. Conclusion: In this limited cohort of patients, no additional information could be obtained using the costly CEUS compared to results of US and MIBI/SPECT. PMID:23230546

Karakas, Elias; Kann, Susanne; Höffken, Helmut; Bartsch, Detlef Klaus; Celik, Ilhan; Görg, Christian; Pfestroff, Andreas

2012-01-01

353

Is high-resolution ultrasonography suitable for the detection of temporomandibular joint involvement in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis?  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of high-resolution ultrasonography for the detection of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) changes in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods: We investigated prospectively 20 children (17 female and 3 male; mean age 11.06 years, standard deviation 3.43 years) with TMJ disorders caused by JIA, over a period of 16 months. Using a 12?MHz array transducer, four images in each TMJ (160 images) were acquired. Each image was analysed with regard to five different aspects (condylar erosion, thickness of the condylar disc, synovial thickness, joint effusion and enlargement of the intra-articular space). Results: Diagnosis of JIA was ensured for every child and involvement of the TMJ was proven by MRI. Overall 287 changes (35.9%) were detected by using high-resolution ultrasonography. On 124 images (77.5%) condylar erosions were diagnosed; on 55 images (34.4%) synovial thickness was abnormal; on 48 images (30%) we could see higher thickness of the condylar disc; on 40 images (25%) irregularities of the bony surface were detected; and on 20 images (12.5%) we found joint effusion. Conclusion: High-resolution ultrasonography could be a sufficient diagnostic method, especially for the detection of condylar involvement in children with JIA, even if not all parts of the TMJ are visible for ultrasonography. High-resolution ultrasonography is a valuable tool in particular situations: (i) when MRI examination is not available; (ii) when children fear MRI examination; (iii) in more advanced stages of JIA; and (iv) for monitoring the progression of TMJ involvement and response of therapy. PMID:23439686

Assaf, AT; Kahl-Nieke, B; Feddersen, J; Habermann, CR

2013-01-01

354

The Validity of Ultrasonography-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy in Thyroid Nodules 4 cm or Larger Depends on Ultrasonography Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) according to ultrasonography (US) characteristics in thyroid nodules 4 cm and larger. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 263 patients who underwent thyroid surgery for thyroid nodules larger than 4 cm between January 2001 and December 2010. Results The sensitivity of US-FNAB was significantly higher in nodules with calcifications (micro- or macro-) than those without (97.9% vs. 87.% P<0.05). The accuracy of US-FNAB was higher in large thyroid nodules with US features suspicious of malignancy, such as a solid component, ill-defined margin, hypoechogenicity or marked hypoechogenicity, or any calcifications (micro- or macro-) compared to thyroid nodules with none of these features. Furthermore, the accuracy improved as the number of these features increased. The overall false negative rate (FNR) was 11.9%. The FNR of thyroid nodules that appeared benign on US, such as mixed nodules (7.7%) or nodules without calcification (9.8%), trended toward being lower than that of solid nodules (17.9%) or nodules with any microcalcification or macrocalcification (33.3%). In nodules without suspicious features of malignancy, the FNR of US-FNAB was 0% (0/15). Conclusion We suggest individualized strategies for large thyroid nodules according to US features. Patients with benign FNAB can be followed in the absence of any malignant features in US. However, if patients exhibit any suspicious features, potential false negative results of FNAB should be kept in mind and surgery may be considered. PMID:25325261

Kim, Jin Hwa; Kim, Na Kyung; Oh, Young Lyun; Kim, Hye Jeong; Kim, Sang Yong; Chung, Jae Hoon

2014-01-01

355

Bayesian estimation of the accuracy of the calf respiratory scoring chart and ultrasonography for the diagnosis of bovine respiratory disease in pre-weaned dairy calves.  

PubMed

There is currently no gold standard method for the diagnosis of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex in Holstein pre-weaned dairy calves. Systematic thoracic ultrasonography (TUS) has been used as a proxy for BRD, but cannot be directly used by producers. The Wisconsin calf respiratory scoring chart (CRSC) is a simpler alternative, but with unknown accuracy. Our objective was to estimate the accuracy of CRSC, while adjusting for the lack of a gold standard. Two cross sectional study populations with a high BRD prevalence (n=106 pre-weaned Holstein calves) and an average BRD prevalence (n=85 pre-weaned Holstein calves) from North America were studied. All calves were simultaneously assessed using CRSC (cutoff used ?5) and TUS (cutoff used ?1cm of lung consolidation). Bayesian latent class models allowing for conditional dependence were used with informative priors for BRD prevalence and TUS accuracy (sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp)) and non-informative priors for CRSC accuracies. Robustness of the model was tested by relaxing priors for prevalence or TUS accuracy. The SeCRSC (95% credible interval (CI)) and SpCRSC were 62.4% (47.9-75.8) and 74.1% (64.9-82.8) respectively. The SeTUS was 79.4% (66.4-90.9) and SpTUS was 93.9% (88.0-97.6). The imperfect accuracy of CRSC and TUS should be taken into account when using those tools to assess BRD status. PMID:25794838

Buczinski, Sébastien; L Ollivett, Terri; Dendukuri, Nandini

2015-05-01

356

Ultrasonographic measurement of lower uterine segment to assess risk of defects of scarred uterus  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryBackground Ultrasonography has been used to examine the scarred uterus in women who have had previous caesarean sections in an attempt to assess the risk of rupture of the scar during subsequent labour. The predictive value of such measurements has not been adequately assessed, however. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of sonographic measurement of the lower uterine segment before

P Rozenberg; F Goffinet; H. J Philippe; I Nisand

1996-01-01

357

Accuracy of axial length measurements from immersion B-scan ultrasonography in highly myopic eyes  

PubMed Central

AIM To evaluate the accuracy of axial length (AL) measurements obtained from immersion B-scan ultrasonography (immersion B-scan) for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in patients with high myopia and cataracts. METHODS Immersion B-scan, contact A-scan ultrasonography (contact A-scan), and the IOLMaster were used to preoperatively measure the AL in 102 eyes from 102 patients who underwent phacoemulsification and IOL implantation. Patients were divided into two groups according to the AL: one containing patients with 22 mm?AL<26 mm(group A) and the other containing patients with AL?26 mm (group B). The mean error (ME) was calculated from the difference between the AL measurement methods predicted refractive error and the actual postoperative refractive error. RESULTS In group A, ALs measured by immersion B-scan (23.48±1.15) didn't differ significantly from those measured by the IOLMaster (23.52±1.17) or from those by contact A-scan (23.38±1.20). In the same group, the standard deviation (SD) of the mean error (ME) of immersion B-scan (-0.090±0.397 D) didn't differ significantly from those of IOLMaster (-0.095±0.411 D) and contact A-scan (-0.099±0.425 D). In group B, ALs measured by immersion B-scan (27.97±2.21 mm) didn't differ significantly from those of the IOLMaster (27.86±2.18 mm), but longer than those measured by Contact A-scan (27.75±2.23 mm, P=0.009). In the same group, the standard deviation (SD) of the mean error (ME) of immersion B-scan (-0.635±0.157 D) didn't differ significantly from those of the IOLMaster (-0.679±0.359 D), but differed significantly from those of contact A-scan (-0.953±1.713 D, P=0.028). CONCLUSION Immersion B-scan exhibits measurement accuracy comparable to that of the IOLMaster, and is thus a good alternative in measuring AL in eyes with high myopia when the IOLMaster can't be used, and it is more accurate than the contact A-scan. PMID:24967188

Yang, Qing-Hua; Chen, Bing; Peng, Guang-Hua; Li, Zhao-Hui; Huang, Yi-Fei

2014-01-01

358

Informed choice for users of health services: views on ultrasonography leaflets of women in early pregnancy, midwives, and ultrasonographers.  

PubMed

With the aim of promoting the informed choice of pregnant women, staff and pregnant women at two urban hospitals were offered leaflets summarising the best available evidence about the effectiveness of routine ultrasonography in early pregnancy. Ultrasonographers doubted the credibility of the evidence and were concerned that the leaflets would raise women's anxiety, reduce uptake of scans, disrupt hospital organisation, and reinforce media messages about the poor safety record of ultrasonography. Midwives thought that the leaflets would inform women, help them to talk about their care with health professionals, and help them to get better care. Women were shocked at some of the contents but thought that it was appropriate to include both advantages and disadvantages of routine scanning in the leaflet. This case study highlights the resistance of some health professionals to evidence based health care; underlying conflicts with the principle of professional autonomy; concern that informed choice may create anxiety; and professional and organisational barriers to allowing informed choice. PMID:8939120

Oliver, S; Rajan, L; Turner, H; Oakley, A; Entwistle, V; Watt, I; Sheldon, T A; Rosser, J

1996-11-16

359

Imaging Method for Acoustic Impedance Difference for Puncture Needle-Type Ultrasonography using a Thin Rod with Focusing End Face  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose an imaging method for acoustic impedance difference for puncture needle-type ultrasonography. The difference in acoustic impedance between benign and malignant tissues will provide valuable diagnostic information. In this experiment, a thin rod that has a concave polished end face was constructed using a fused quartz with a diameter of 1 mm and a focus length of 0.3 mm. An ultrasonic wave emitted from the concave end face of the rod is focused on a tissue. The difference in acoustic impedance was determined by the reflection-type interference-based acoustic impedance measurement method. We confirmed that the image shows the difference in impedance between the polyethylene (PE) plate and acrylic rod with a diameter of 3.5 mm embedded therein. The experimental results show that the method is useful for puncture needle-type ultrasonography.

Yoshizawa, Masasumi; Irie, Takasuke; Itoh, Kouichi; Moriya, Tadashi

2008-05-01

360

Necrotic lymphoma in a patient with post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder: ultrasonography and CT findings with pathologic correlation  

PubMed Central

Seventeen months after kidney transplantation for the treatment of nephrotic syndrome, a retroperitoneal mass was incidentally detected in a 30-year-old man during routine follow-up. Ultrasonography revealed a mass measuring 5.5 cm×4.3 cm located between the liver and the atrophic right kidney, which showed markedly heterogeneous internal echogenicity. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography displayed a mild degree of enhancement only at the periphery of the mass, while the center lacked perceivable intensification. The patient underwent surgical resection. The final pathological diagnosis was non-Hodgkin lymphoma (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma), and extensive necrosis was observed on microscopic examination. We found that the prominent heterogeneous echogenicity of the mass (an unusual finding of lymphoma) demonstrated on ultrasonography is a result of extensive necrosis, which may sometimes occur in patients with post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder. PMID:25541069

2015-01-01

361

Necrotic lymphoma in a patient with post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder: ultrasonography and CT findings with pathologic correlation.  

PubMed

Seventeen months after kidney transplantation for the treatment of nephrotic syndrome, a retroperitoneal mass was incidentally detected in a 30-year-old man during routine follow-up. Ultrasonography revealed a mass measuring 5.5 cm×4.3 cm located between the liver and the atrophic right kidney, which showed markedly heterogeneous internal echogenicity. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography displayed a mild degree of enhancement only at the periphery of the mass, while the center lacked perceivable intensification. The patient underwent surgical resection. The final pathological diagnosis was non-Hodgkin lymphoma (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma), and extensive necrosis was observed on microscopic examination. We found that the prominent heterogeneous echogenicity of the mass (an unusual finding of lymphoma) demonstrated on ultrasonography is a result of extensive necrosis, which may sometimes occur in patients with post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder. PMID:25541069

Lee, Minsu; Kim, Sang Kyum; Chung, Yong Eun; Choi, Jin-Young; Park, Mi-Suk; Lim, Joon Seok; Kim, Myeong-Jin; Kim, Honsoul

2015-04-01

362

Localization of parathyroid enlargement: experience with technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile and thallium-201 scintigraphy, ultrasonography and computed tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI), like thallium-201, has recently been introduced as a myocardial perfusion agent and is now also showing very promising results in parathyroid scintigrapy. The results of 201Tl\\/99mTc-pertechnetate and 99mTc-MIBI\\/99mTc-pertechnetate subtraction scintigraphy, ultrasonography and computed tomography are presented in a series of 43 patients operated on for hyperparathyroidism. All four imaging modalities were confirmed to be reliable, scintigraphy being

Onelio Geatti; Brahm Shapiro; Pier Giuseppe Orsolon; Gianni Proto; Ugo Paolo Guerra; Francesco Antonucci; Daniele Gasparini

1994-01-01

363

Comparison of Fetal Nuchal Fold Thickness Measurements by Two- and Three-Dimensional Ultrasonography (3DXI Multislice View)  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To compare the measurements of fetal nuchal fold (NF) thickness by two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography using the three-dimensional extended imaging (3DXI). Methods. A cross-sectional study was performed with 60 healthy pregnant women with a gestational age between 16 and 20 weeks and 6 days. The 2D-NF measurements were made as the distance from the outer skull bone to the outer skin surface in the transverse axial image in the suboccipital-bregmatic plane of the head. For the 3D we employed the 3DXI multislice view software, in which 3 × 2 tomographic planes was displayed on the screen and the distance between the tomographic slices was 0.5?mm. Maximum, minimum, mean, and standard deviation were calculated for 2D and 3D ultrasonography, as well the maximum and minimum, mean, and standard deviation for the difference between both methods. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the two different techniques. Results. 2D-NF showed a mean of thickness of 3.52 ± 0.95?mm (1.69–7.14). The mean of 3D-NF was 3.90 ± 1.02?mm (2.13–7.72). The mean difference between the methods was 0.38?mm, with a maximum difference of 3.12?mm. Conclusion. The NF thickness measurements obtained by 3D ultrasonography were significantly larger than those detected with 2D ultrasonography. PMID:22529858

de Freitas, Leonardo da Silva Valladão; de Bello Barros, Fernanda Silveira; Negrini, Rômulo; de Silva Bussamra, Luiz Cláudio; Araujo Júnior, Edward; Piato, Sebastião; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes; Aoki, Tsutomu

2012-01-01

364

Imaging of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Postvascular Phase Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography with Sonazoid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of vascular phase images of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CE-US) with Sonazoid for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), a retrospective, comparative study was conducted of images of HCCs obtained by CE-US and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively. Methods: Seventy-seven patients with 88 HCCs who received CE-US and SPIO-MRI were reviewed. The

Tatsuo Inoue; Masatoshi Kudo; Kinuyo Hatanaka; Syunsuke Takahashi; Satoshi Kitai; Taisuke Ueda; Emi Ishikawa; Satoru Hagiwara; Yasunori Minami; Hobyung Chung; Kazuomi Ueshima; Kiyoshi Maekawa

2008-01-01

365

Value of Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis and Follow-up of Carotid-Cavernous Fistulae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.   The introduction of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) has made it possible to examine blood flow characteristics\\u000a in carotid-cavernous sinus fistulae (CCSF) in a noninvasive, relatively simple, and reliable way. This study investigated\\u000a the usefulness of TCD in the diagnosis and follow-up of various CCSF subtypes. We found characteristic TCD findings associated\\u000a with high-flow CCSF, but perhaps more importantly, found

T. K?l?ç; I. Elmac?; Y. Bayri; M. N. Pamir; C. Erzen

2001-01-01

366

Observations on the female reproductive cycles of captive Asian yellow pond turtles (Mauremys mutica) with radiography and ultrasonography.  

PubMed

The annual reproductive cycle of 27 female Mauremys mutica was observed by radiography and ultrasonography from April 2006 to August 2007. Radiography was used to monitor clutch size and ultrasonography was used to monitor changes in the ovarian follicles. The follicles started to enlarge in September and became preovulatory in January. The mean maximum follicle diameter of ovulation was 18.30+/-1.44 mm, and ovulation occurred from March through August. Eggs were laid between April and August. Turtles entered latent period in early August and the maximum follicular size was at a low of 13.22+/-2.36 mm in late September. The vitellogenesis of the next reproductive cycle began in October. The 24 adult females laid 56 clutches containing a total of 227 eggs. Average clutch size was 4.05 eggs (range 1-8) and there were 2.33 clutches (range 1-4) per female. Egg shell images were first observed on the sixth or seventh day after ovulation. The oviductal period averaged 6.9 weeks (range 2-16 weeks) on the first clutch, 3.4 weeks (range 2-8 weeks) on the second, and 2.75 weeks (range 2-6 weeks) for the third. Radiography and ultrasonography are non-invasive and convenient methods to evaluate the reproductive cycle of female M. mutica. They should be applicable to other turtles and should greatly enhance knowledge of reproductive physiology. PMID:19688810

Cheng, Yuan-Yu; Chen, Ting-Yu; Yu, Pin-Huan; Chi, Chau-Hwa

2010-01-01

367

Prenatal Diagnosis of an Aneurysm of the Vein of Galen by Three-Dimensional Power and Color Doppler Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Aneurism of the vein of Galen is a complex arteriovenous malformation which is of multiply communications between of the vein of Galen and the cerebral arteries. It represents less than 1% of the cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Few cases using three-dimensional (3D) power and color Doppler ultrasound have been reported in the literature. We present a case of an aneurysm of the vein of Galen diagnosed at 25th week of pregnancy. We demonstrate the main findings of 3D power and color Doppler ultrasonography in this anomaly. A 36-year-old pregnant woman, gravida 3, para 2 was referred to our institution because of a midline cystic mass diagnosed in a previous ultrasonography undertaken at 24 weeks’ gestation. The ultrasonographic finding consisted of a male fetus with a midline cystic mass, with positive flow detection by color Doppler and ventriculomegaly due to the compressive effects of the malformation. The 3D color and power Doppler ultrasonography allowed us to reconstruct the architecture of the vascular malformation, and it showed the spatial relationships of aneurysm of the vein of Galen with the other structures of the brain. Pregnancy was interrupted at 29 weeks’ gestation because of presence of cardiomegaly. A male newborn survived for 36 hours only. The 3D ultrasound can be used as advent image technique in prenatal diagnosis of aneurysm of the vein of Galen. PMID:22675269

Rios, Livia Teresa Moreira; Araujo, Edward; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes; Martins, Marília da Glória

2012-01-01

368

Changes in neck muscle thickness due to differences in intermittent cervical traction force measured by ultrasonography.  

PubMed

[Purpose] Many patients receive intermittent cervical traction in a daily treatment setting. However, unified settings for traction force, duration, and direction have yet to be determined. Therefore, an objective index is required to determine changes in traction conditions or to indicate its effectiveness. [Subjects] Fifteen healthy males volunteers participated in this study. [Methods] The thickness of the trapezius and splenius capitis muscles before and during traction were measured using ultrasonography at three traction forces: 5, 8 and 11?kg. [Results] Significant differences in muscle thickness were observed at 11?kg in the trapezius, and at 8?kg and 11?kg in the splenius capitis muscles. The muscle thickness ratio of the trapezius muscle showed a significant difference between 11?kg and 5 and 8?kg, and between 5?kg and 8 and 11?kg, as well as between 8?kg and 11?kg for the splenius capitis muscles. [Conclusion] Differences in muscle direction between the trapezius and splenius capitis muscles may account for the contrasting results obtained at the 8?kg traction force. This finding suggests that cervical traction must be performed considering the effects on different neck regions. PMID:24926153

Kuniyasu, Katsushi

2014-05-01

369

Is endoscopic ultrasonography still the modality of choice in preoperative staging of gastric cancer?  

PubMed Central

The treatment option for gastric cancer is usually based on preoperative staging by imaging modalities. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and computed tomography (CT) have been used as the diagnostic modality of choice in preoperative staging of gastric cancer. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been employed in several studies, and (18F) 2-Fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has emerged as a new promising imaging modality. The purpose of this article is to provide summarized information on preoperative staging using EUS, multi-detector row CT (MDCT), MRI and PET for gastric cancer. In T staging, both EUS and MDCT show high accuracy. MRI seemed to have better performance, but the number of MRI studies is limited. FDG-PET is not able to properly evaluate the depth of invasion. In N staging, the diagnostic accuracy of EUS, MDCT and MRI is not sufficient. In preoperative M staging, MDCT and FDG-PET showed similar diagnostic accuracies. FDG-PET/CT fusion could be expected to show better performance in the future. Physicians should keep in mind that each diagnostic modality has advantages and limitations and choose an appropriate diagnostic strategy tailored for each patient. PMID:25320515

Hwang, Sung Wook; Lee, Dong Ho

2014-01-01

370

UltraFast Doppler ultrasonography for hepatic vessels of liver recipients: preliminary experiences  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of UltraFast Doppler ultrasonography (US) for evaluating hepatic vessels in liver recipients. Methods: Thirty-nine liver Doppler US sessions were conducted in 20 liver recipients. Each session consisted of UltraFast and conventional liver Doppler US in a random order. We compared the velocities and phasicities of the hepatic vessels, duration of each Doppler study, occurrence of technical failures, and differences in clinical decisions. Results: The velocities and resistive index values of hepatic vessels showed a strong positive correlation between the two Doppler studies (mean R=0.806; range, 0.710 to 0.924). The phasicities of the hepatic vessels were the same in both Doppler US exams. With respect to the duration of the Doppler US exam, there was no significant difference between the UltraFast (251±99 seconds) and conventional (231±117 seconds) Doppler studies (P=0.306). In five poor breath-holders, in whom the duration of conventional Doppler US was longer, UltraFast Doppler US (272±157 seconds) required a shorter time than conventional Doppler US (381±133 seconds; P=0.005). There was no difference between the two techniques with respect to technical failures and clinical decisions. Conclusion: UltraFast Doppler US is clinically equivalent to conventional Doppler US with advantages for poor breath-holders during the post-liver transplantation work-up. PMID:25409662

2015-01-01

371

Measurement of carotid artery stenosis: correlation analysis between B-mode ultrasonography and contrast arteriography  

PubMed Central

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy of B-mode ultrasonography (US) in measurement of carotid stenosis% (CS%). Methods One hundred and thirth-three carotid arteries in 96 patients who underwent both carotid US and carotid arteriography (CA) were included in this retrospective study. To measure CS% on US, a cross sectional view of the most stenotic segment of the internal carotid artery was captured and residual diameter and original diameter of that segment were measured with electronic caliper on the same plane and in the same direction. To measure CS% on an angiogram, we used European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) and the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) methods. Pearson's correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were used to determine the correlation between CS% on an US and angiogram. Results Pearson's correlation coefficient (R) between CS% measured in US and CA were 0.853 (ECST method, P < 0.001) and 0.828 (NASCET method, P < 0.001). Accuracies of B-mode US were 93.2%, 88.0%, and 81.2% for estimating CS% by ECST method and 86.5%, 82.7%, and 82% for estimating CS% by NASCET method. Conclusion CS% measured in B-mode US was simpler and showed a strong positive correlation with that measured on an arteriogram either ECST or NASCET method. PMID:22066059

Lee, Kyo Won; Park, Yang Jin; Rho, Young-Nam; Kim, Dong-Ik

2011-01-01

372

Ultrasonography-guided ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block for inguinal herniotomies in ex-premature neonates.  

PubMed

The ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (IG-IH) nerve block provides effective opioid-sparing analgesia for inguinal surgeries. The technique is especially useful in apnoea-prone premature neonates with sacral anomalies and coagulopathy. A recent retrospective review of 82 ex-premature neonates who underwent inguinal herniotomy at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, reported a success rate of 89% for landmark-guided IG-IH blocks. All blocks in that study were performed by senior paediatric anaesthetists using the landmark-based technique, which relies on fascial clicks. The IG-IH block is expected to be technically more difficult in neonates. There is also a stronger need to ensure success in these patients in order to avoid the use of opioids and reduce the risk of postoperative apnoea. Ultrasonographic guidance has been reported to improve the success of IG-IH blocks in older children to up to 94%. Herein, we report a series of six ex-premature neonates in whom ultrasonography-guided IG-IH blocks were successfully performed using reduced volumes of local anaesthetics (mean volume 0.17 mL/kg) for inguinal herniotomy. PMID:24276107

Lee, Shuying; Tan, Josephine Swee Kim

2013-11-01

373

Limitations of ultrasonography for diagnosing white matter damage in preterm infants  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To compare the accuracy of ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing white matter abnormalities in preterm infants and to determine the specific indications for MRI. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: A neonatal intensive care unit in France. Patients: All preterm infants (? 33 weeks gestation) without severe respiratory distress syndrome precluding MRI. Main outcome measures: US and MRI performed contemporaneously during the third postnatal week were analysed by an independent observer. The findings were compared with those of a term MRI scan, the results of which were taken as the final diagnosis. Statistical analysis was performed to determine which early imaging study best predicted the term MRI findings. Results: The early US and MRI findings (79 infants) correlated closely for severe lesions (cystic periventricular leucomalacia and parenchymal infarction; ? coefficient = 0.86) but not for moderate lesions (non-cystic leucomalacia and parenchymal punctate haemorrhages; ? = 0.62). Overall, early MRI findings predicted late MRI findings in 98% of patients (95% confidence interval (CI) 89.5 to 99.9) compared with only 68% for early US (95% CI 52.1 to 79.2). Conclusions: US is highly effective in detecting severe lesions of the white matter in preterm infants, but MRI seems to be necessary for the diagnosis of less severe damage. MRI performed at about the third week of life is highly predictive of the final diagnosis at term. PMID:12819157

Debillon, T; N'Guyen, S; Muet, A; Quere, M; Moussaly, F; Roze, J

2003-01-01

374

Intraoperative ultrasonography with a surgeon-manipulated microtransducer during robotic radical prostatectomy.  

PubMed

Intraoperative transrectal ultrasonography during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy has been reported to lead to a reduction in surgical margin rates. However, the use of a surgeon-controlled ultrasound probe that allows for precise manipulation and direct interpretation of the image by a console surgeon has yet to be studied. The aim of the present study was to show initial feasibility using the microtransducer with 9-mm scan length controlled by the console surgeon during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in 10 patients. The transducer is designed as a drop-in probe with a flexible cord for insertion through a laparoscopic port, and is controlled by a robotic arm with the ultrasonographic image shown as a console Tile-pro display. Intraoperative localization of the biopsy-proven cancerous hypoechoic lesion was feasible in four out of four cases. The microtransducer facilitated identification of the bladder neck as well as the appropriate level of neurovascular bundle release. Negative surgical margin was achieved in all 10 cases (100%), even though five of 10 patients (50%) had extraprostatic (pT3) disease. Recovery of erectile function and continence was encouraging. In conclusion, intraoperative ultrasound navigation using a drop-type microtransducer is a novel technique that could enhance the incremental value of the standard information. PMID:24446651

Shoji, Sunao; Aron, Monish; de Castro Abreu, Andre Luis; Leslie, Scott; Ahmadi, Hamed; Desai, Mihir M; Gill, Inderbir S; Ukimura, Osamu

2014-07-01

375

Prediction of Vesicoureteral Reflux in Children with First Urinary Tract Infection by Dimercaptosuccinic Acid and Ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Objective Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common causes of febrile pediatric diseases. Also, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a significant risk factor for UTI. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is the method of choice for evaluation of VUR. This study was done to predict VUR by DMSA scan (technetium 99 m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid) and ultrasonography (US). Methods In a prospective study, all children with first time acute pyelonephritis were selected and evaluated by DMSA scan and US. Then VCUG was done with negative urine culture. All children with final diagnosis of obstructive congenital anomaly were excluded. The sensitivity, specifity, positive predictive values, negative predictive values, Confidence Interval of DMSA scan and US were calculated for prediction or exclusion of VUR. Findings Among 100 children with UTI diagnosis, VUR was detected in 39 children and 63 (31.5%) kidneys. DMSA scan was abnormal in 103 (51.5%) units, 45 units had VUR (PPV=44%), 79 units with normal DMSA scan had no VUR (NPV=81%). Of kidney units that were abnormal by DMSA or US, 51 units had VUR. PPV and NPV were 44% and 56%, respectively. Conclusion DMSA scan alone or with US cannot predict VUR (especially low grade VUR). But according to NPV, it seems that absence of VUR can be predicted. So, more studies are needed to determine the usefulness of DMSA scan and US instead of VCUG for detection of VUR. PMID:23056860

Sorkhi, Hadi; Nooreddini, Haji-Ghorban; Amiri, Mehrangiz; Osia, Soheil; Farhadi-Niakee, Saeed

2012-01-01

376

Sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging and real-time ultrasonography in the detection of acute cholecystitis  

SciTech Connect

To determine the sensitivity of hepatobiliary imaging (HBI) and strict- and liberal-criteria real-time ultrasonography (RTUS), the authors retrospectively analyzed 100 cases of pathologically proved acute cholecystitis (AC). A positive HBI was one in which there was nonvisualization of the gallbladder up to four hours after the administration of technetium 99m-disofenin. In the absence of hypoalbuminemia, cirrhosis, or ascites, pathognomonic RTUS findings (strict criteria) for AC were wall edema and/or pericholecystic fluid. Findings indicative of AC (liberal criteria) included the demonstration of stones, a thick gallbladder wall, nonshadowing echoes, or the ultrasonographic Murphy's sign. Of the 100 cases of AC, 91 were calculous, and nine were acalculous. Four of 100 patients had associated choledocholithiasis. The sensitivities in detecting calculous AC were as follows: HBI, 97%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 86%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 24%. The sensitivities in detecting acalculous AC were as follows: HBI, 100%; liberal-criteria RTUS, 89%; and strict-criteria RTUS, 44%.

Fink-Bennett, D.; Freitas, J.E.; Ripley, S.D.; Bree, R.L.

1985-08-01

377

Gastric emptying of a light hospital breakfast. A study using real time ultrasonography.  

PubMed

While intake of clear fluids 2-3 h before surgery is considered safe as it does not influence gastric content, it is not known if the same applies to a light breakfast meal. We therefore studied gastric emptying of a light breakfast in healthy, female volunteers without evidence of gastrointestinal motility disorders. The test meal consisted of one slice of buttered toast with jam, one cup of coffee without milk or sugar and one glass of pulp-free orange juice taken together with a paracetamol mixture. Using gastric ultrasonography, the stomach was identified without problems in all subjects, and gastric emptying curves using changes in gastric antral area and serum-paracetamol were obtained. Emptying of the fluid phase started immediately after intake of the meal. All subjects had solid particles in the stomach 120 min after the meal, 3 patients were considered empty after 180 min, 6 after 210 min and all after 240 min. The gastric antral area returned to fasting value significantly faster than the disappearance of solid particles; median 150 min versus 210 min; P = 0.01. Our results show that in healthy subjects the stomach cannot be considered empty for solid particles the first 4 h after a light breakfast meal. To secure some safety limits, we suggest a 6-h mandatory preoperative fast after a light breakfast. PMID:8792883

Søreide, E; Hausken, T; Søreide, J A; Steen, P A

1996-05-01

378

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography: advance and current status in abdominal imaging  

PubMed Central

In the field of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (US), contrast agents are classified as either first- or second-generation agents depending on the gas within the microbubbles. In the case of first-generation contrast agents, a high-mechanical-index technique is used and only intermittent scanning is possible due to the early destruction of the microbubbles during the scanning. The use of second-generation contrast agents in a low-mechanical-index technique enables continuous scanning. Besides the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions, contrastenhanced US is helpful in the monitoring of radiofrequency ablation therapy and in the targeting step of an US-guided biopsy. Recently, there has been a demand for new criteria to evaluate the treatment response obtained using anti-angiogenic agents because morphologic criteria alone may not reflect the treatment response of the tumor and contrast-enhanced US can provide quantitative markers of tissue perfusion. In spite of the concerns related to its cost-effectiveness, contrast-enhanced US has the potential to be more widely used as a complimentary tool or to substitute the current imaging modalities in some occasions. PMID:25342120

2015-01-01

379

Current status and future applications of contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is currently an integral investigation of many gastrointestinal disorders. It has been shown to have a higher efficacy than conventional computed tomography in detection and characterization of small lesions especially in the pancreas. Much effort has been put to further improve the sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy of EUS. One of the major advances is the utilization of contrast agents for better delineation of the vascularity and tissue perfusion of the target lesion. This article describes the basic principles of ultrasound contrast agents and the different modalities used in contrast-enhanced EUS (CE-EUS) including contrast-enhanced Doppler EUS (CED-EUS) and contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CEH-EUS). In addition, the current applications of contrast enhanced EUS in different gastrointestinal conditions were discussed. Furthermore, the future development of hybrid approaches combining CE-EUS with other imaging modalities and the potential therapeutic aspect of using it as a vector for drug delivery were also discussed. PMID:24748919

Yip, Hon Chi; Teoh, Anthony Yuen Bun; Chong, Charing Ching Ning; Lau, James Yun Wong

2014-01-01

380

Detection of cervical nerve root hypertrophy by ultrasonography in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy.  

PubMed

Several studies have demonstrated abnormal MRI findings in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), especially hypertrophy and abnormal enhancement of spinal nerve roots, but there have been few reports on ultrasonographic findings of spinal nerve roots in CIDP. To determine whether ultrasonography (US) enables detection of hypertrophy of the cervical nerve roots, how frequently hypertrophy occurs in CIDP, and whether US findings correlate with any clinical and laboratory features, US of cervical nerve roots was performed using a 7.5-MHz linear-array transducer in 13 CIDP patients and 35 control subjects. A coronal oblique plane with a transducer placed on the lateral side of the neck was used to visualize the cervical nerve roots just after their point of exit from the cervical foramina, and their diameters were measured. US demonstrated hypertrophy of the cervical nerve roots in 9 (69%) of the 13 CIDP patients as compared with findings in control subjects. The degree of hypertrophy was significantly associated with the level of CSF protein (chi2=5.8, p<0.05, logistic simple regression analysis) but not with other clinical features. US is considered to be a useful method for evaluating cervical nerve root hypertrophy, which is frequently seen in patients with CIDP, particularly in patients with elevated level of CSF protein. PMID:15050432

Matsuoka, Naoki; Kohriyama, Tatsuo; Ochi, Kazuhide; Nishitani, Michie; Sueda, Yoshimasa; Mimori, Yasuyo; Nakamura, Shigenobu; Matsumoto, Masayasu

2004-04-15

381

Endoscopic Ultrasonography-Guided Ethanol Ablation for Small Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: Results of a Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided ethanol ablation is gaining popularity for the treatment of focal pancreatic lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and treatment response after EUS-guided ethanol injection for small pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (p-NETs). Methods This was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database including 11 consecutive patients with p-NETs who underwent EUS-guided ethanol injection. Results EUS-guided ethanol injection was successfully performed in 11 patients with 14 tumors. The final diagnosis was based on histology and clinical signs as follows: 10 non-functioning neuroendocrine tumors and four insulinomas. During follow-up (median, 370 days; range, 152 to 730 days), 10 patients underwent clinical follow-up after treatment, and one patient was excluded because of loss to follow-up. A single treatment session with an injection of 0.5 to 3.8 mL of ethanol resulted in complete responses (CRs) at the 3-month radiologic imaging for seven of 13 tumors (response rate, 53.8%). Multiple treatment sessions performed in three tumors with residual viable enhancing tissue increased the number of tumors with CRs to eight of 13 (response rate, 61.5%). Mild pancreatitis occurred in three of 11 patients. Conclusions EUS-guided ethanol injection appears to be a safe, feasible, and potentially effective method for treating small p-NETs in patients who are poor surgical candidates.

Choi, Jun-Ho; Oh, Dongwook; Lee, Sang Soo; Seo, Dong-Wan; Lee, Sung Koo; Kim, Myung-Hwan

2015-01-01

382

Commercial adaptation of ultrasonography to predict pork carcass composition from live animal and carcass measurements.  

PubMed

Live animal and carcass data were collected from market barrows and gilts (n = 120) slaughtered at a regional commercial slaughter facility to develop and test prediction equations to estimate carcass composition from live animal and carcass ultrasonic measurements. Data from 60 animals were used to develop these equations. Best results were obtained in predicting weight and percentage of boneless cuts (ham, loin, and shoulder) and less accuracy was obtained for predicting weight and ratio of trimmed, bone-in cuts. Independent variables analyzed for the live models were live weight, sex, ultrasonic fat at first rib, last rib, and last lumbar vertebra, and muscle depth at last rib. Independent variables for the carcass models included hot carcass weight, sex of carcass, and carcass ultrasonic measurements for fat at the first rib, last rib, last lumbar vertebra, and muscle depth at last rib. Equations were tested against an independent set of experimental animals (n = 60). Equations for predicting weight of lean cuts, boneless lean cuts, fat-standardized lean, and percentage of fat-standardized lean were most accurate from both live animal and carcass measurements with R2 values between .75 and .88. The results from this study, under commercial conditions, suggest that although live animal or carcass weight and sex were the greatest contributors to variation in carcass composition, ultrasonography can be a noninvasive means of differentiating value, especially for fat-standardized lean and weight of boneless cuts. PMID:1563990

Gresham, J D; McPeake, S R; Bernard, J K; Henderson, H H

1992-03-01

383

Ultrasonography as a complementary exam in the diagnosis of oral arteriovenous malformation.  

PubMed

The Doppler ultrasonography (DU) in cases of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is not widely use by dentists and there are a lack of information on the topic in the literature. AVM is common in the region of the head and neck and are commonly confused with hemangiomas (congenital). Appropriate classification is essential for therapeutic decision. The diferential diagnosis is based on clinical history, diascopy, and, if necessary, diagnostic imaging. This article present two cases of oral AVM in which DU was crucial in detecting a venous and/or arterial component in purplish lesions in the tongue and buccal mucosa, with positive diascopy. In our cases, after DU, we found a predominance of blood component within the lesion and therefore both patients were referred to the head and neck surgeon for surgical removal of the lesion. Only in the presence of a venous component does outpatient treatment become feasible. Given the predominance of the arterial component, outpatient procedures are contraindicated. Therefore DU is an important supplementary test, being of great importance in the clinical decision and treatment plan for oral AVMs and should become a routine part of the dentist front of vascular lesions of medium to large size. PMID:25660592

Battisti, M P; Tinoco De Araújo, J E; Feitosa Leitão De Oliveira, T; Bonifácio Da Silva Sampieri, M; Damante, J H; Da Silva Santos, P S

2015-02-01

384

Diagnostic Accuracy of Mammography, Clinical Examination, US, and MR Imaging in Preoperative Assessment of Breast Cancer 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To prospectively assess accuracy of mammography, clinical examina- tion, ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in preoperative assessment of local extent of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed patient consent were obtained. Results of bilateral mammography, US, and con- trast-enhanced MR imaging were analyzed from 111 consecutive women with known or suspected invasive

Wendie A. Berg; Lorena Gutierrez; Moriel S. NessAiver; W. Bradford Carter; Mythreyi Bhargavan; Rebecca S. Lewis; Olga B. Ioffe

385

Conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma: effects of cystic changes visible on ultrasonography on disease prognosis  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with cystic changes visible on ultrasonography (US). Methods This study included 553 PTCs in 553 patients between January 2003 and August 2004. One radiologist with 10 years of experience in thyroid imaging retrospectively reviewed the preoperative US images. Two different groups were formed according to two different reference points (group 1, 25%; group 2, 50%) of the cystic component. Patients between the groups were compared according to their clinicopathologic characteristics. Disease-free survival (DFS) was estimated. Cox’s multivariate proportional hazards regression model was used to identify the effect of variable factors on the recurrence risk. Results Fifty-six patients (10.1%) were confirmed to have tumor recurrence within the follow-up period. Thirty-five patients had regional metastasis, one had distant metastasis, eight had multiple site metastases, and 12 had biochemical recurrence. PTC patients with a ? 50% or PTC patients with a ? 25% cystic component did not have a statistically significant longer DFS than those with a >50% (hazard ratio [HR], 1.118; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.255 to 4.910; P=0.883) or those with a >25% cystic component (HR, 0.569; 95% CI, 0.164 to 1.976; P=0.375), respectively. Moreover, independent predictors of recurrence were pathologic size, male gender, and lymph node metastasis, not a >50% or >25% cystic component. Conclusion The proportion of the cystic component in PTCs did not affect DFS. PMID:25212970

2014-01-01

386

EFFECT OF TRANSFUSION THERAPY ON TRANSCRANIAL DOPPLER ULTRASONOGRAPHY VELOCITIES IN CHILDREN WITH SICKLE CELL DISEASE  

PubMed Central

Background Children with sickle cell disease and abnormal transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography have a high risk of stroke, but this risk is greatly reduced when chronic transfusion therapy is administered. The change in TCD velocities during chronic transfusion therapy and rate and frequency of normalization of TCD findings have not been studied extensively. Procedures Using data from children with sickle cell disease enrolled as potential subjects in the Optimizing Primary Stroke Prevention in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP 2) trial, we characterized the change in TCD velocities on transfusion therapy and identified predictors of developing a normal TCD. Results Among 88 children with serial TCD data after starting transfusions for abnormal TCD 46 (52%) converted to normal TCD after a mean of 4.3 months (median 3.0; range 0.85-14.3 months) of transfusions. TCD studies remained abnormal in 19/88 (21.6%) after a mean of 2.4 years of transfusion. The median TCD velocity was lowered by 38 cm/s within three months of initiating transfusions, followed by a more gradual decline then stabilization of velocities, although with significant individual variation. Factors associated with conversion to normal TCD included lower initial TCD velocity, younger age, and higher pre-transfusion hemoglobin level during transfusion therapy. Conclusion Younger children with higher pre-transfusion hemoglobin levels and lower abnormal TCD velocities are most likely to have rapid normalization of TCD on transfusions. Long-term follow-up of children with persistently abnormal exams or worsening velocities on transfusion is needed to determine if these children are at higher risk of stroke. PMID:21370410

Kwiatkowski, Janet L.; Yim, Eunsil; Miller, Scott; Adams, Robert J.

2011-01-01

387

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography in Differential Diagnosis of Benign and Malignant Ovarian Tumors  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Methods The scientific literature databases PubMed, Cochrane Library and CNKI were comprehensively searched for studies relevant to the use of CEUS technique for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian cancer. Pooled summary statistics for specificity (Spe), sensitivity (Sen), positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+/LR?), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and their 95%CIs were calculated. Software for statistical analysis included STATA version 12.0 (Stata Corp, College Station, TX, USA) and Meta-Disc version 1.4 (Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain). Results Following a stringent selection process, seven high quality clinical trials were found suitable for inclusion in the present meta-analysis. The 7 studies contained a combined total of 375 ovarian cancer patients (198 malignant and 177 benign). Statistical analysis revealed that CEUS was associated with the following performance measures in differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors: pooled Sen was 0.96 (95%CI = 0.92?0.98); the summary Spe was 0.91 (95%CI = 0.86?0.94); the pooled LR+ was 10.63 (95%CI = 6.59?17.17); the pooled LR? was 0.04 (95%CI = 0.02?0.09); and the pooled DOR was 241.04 (95% CI = 92.61?627.37). The area under the SROC curve was 0.98 (95% CI = 0.20?1.00). Lastly, publication bias was not detected (t = ?0.52, P = 0.626) in the meta-analysis. Conclusions Our results revealed the high clinical value of CEUS in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ovarian tumors. Further, CEUS may also prove to be useful in differential diagnosis at early stages of this disease. PMID:25764442

Qiao, Jing-Jing; Yu, Jing; Yu, Zhe; Li, Na; Song, Chen; Li, Man

2015-01-01

388

Vertebral level of Tuffier's line measured by ultrasonography in parturients in the lateral decubitus position  

PubMed Central

Background It is known that Tuffier's line intersects the spine at the L4 spinous process or at the L4-L5 intervertebral space. Full term parturient women undergo various physical changes. Therefore, determining the vertebral level with Tuffier's line based on palpation inevitably is not very accurate. The aim of this study was to use ultrasound to verify the difference between vertebral levels for the palpated Tuffier's line in parturient and non-parturient women in the lateral decubitus position. Methods We consecutively enrolled 40 parturient women at 37-41 weeks of gestation and 40 non-parturient women scheduled for regional anesthesia. In the left lateral position, the location of the vertebra was identified using ultrasonography. We marked every intervertebral space from L5 to L2 vertebra, divided each spinous process into two equal parts, and numbered the spaces sequentially from 1 to 9. We drew a Tuffier's line by palpating, recorded the vertebral level that this line intersected. Results The mean value of an arbitrary number of vertebral level of Tuffier's line was 6.4 ± 0.9 in the non-pregnant group and this represents L4-lower vertebral level. In the pregnant group, the mean value was 3.0 ± 1.0 which represents L3-lower vertebral level. There was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05). Conclusions We compared using an available ultrasound technique the vertebral levels intersected by the palpated Tuffier's line between parturient and non-parturient women and found that the vertebral levels were more cephalad in the parturient women compared to the non-parturient women. PMID:25302094

Kim, Se Hee; Han, Jong In; Baik, Hee Jung; Park, Hahck Soo; Lee, Guie Yong; Kim, Jong Hak

2014-01-01

389

Clinical evaluation during the acute exacerbation of knee osteoarthritis: the impact of diagnostic ultrasonography.  

PubMed

We aimed to investigate (1) the probable correlation between clinical and ultrasonographic findings in chronic painful primary knee OA patients referred with acute flare-ups and (2) the impact of diagnostic ultrasonography (US) to determine the real source of pain in these patients. We included 100 patients consecutively who were admitted to our outpatient unit with a pain complaint on a single knee with the diagnosis of primary knee OA according to the ACR criteria. The control group consisted of the patients with pain-free knees at least during the last month, who were already included in the study group. The sonographic evaluation of the knee was performed by a physician who was blinded to the clinical evaluation and/or the physical and radiological evaluations. In the present study, sonographic findings were significantly more observed on the painful knees (p < 0.001). The most commonly encountered findings on the symptomatic knees were the suprapatellar effusion (55 %), the baker cyst (25 %), and the pes anserine bursitis. The distribution of the findings on the asymptomatic knees was as follows: 22 %, the suprapatellar effusion and 5 %, the Baker cyst. Effusion was detected in 55 % of the painful knees of our patients with knee OA. This finding was statistically significant compared to the painless knees of the subjects included. The results of our study also showed that there was a significant relation between the Kellgren-Lawrence grading and the frequency of suprapatellar effusion on US examination (p = 0.026). It was concluded that in chronic, primary, painful knee osteoarthritis, US is a valuable diagnostic method in the confirmation of synovitis and/or the inflammatory episode in spite of the absence of obvious clinical parameters. In advanced osteoarthritis, when we consider that the inflammatory episodes are expected findings, the early confirmation of the inflammation on US may be particularly valuable in the clinical setting. PMID:22562715

E?en, Selma; Akar?rmak, Ulkü; Ayd?n, Filiz Y?ld?z; Unalan, Halil

2013-03-01

390

Morphometric analysis of fetal development of Cavia porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) by ultrasonography--pilot study.  

PubMed

Measurements on the growth process and placental development of the embryo and fetuses of Cavia porcellus were carried out using ultrasonography. Embryo, fetus, and placenta were monitored from Day 15 after mating day to the end of gestation. Based on linear and quadratic regressions, the following morphometric analysis showed a good indicator of the gestational age: placental diameter, biparietal diameter, renal length, and crown rump. The embryonic cardiac beat was first detected at an average of 22.5 days. The placental diameter showed constant increase from beginning of gestation then remained to term and presented a quadratic correlation with gestational age (r(2) = 0.89). Mean placental diameter at the end of pregnancy was 3.5 ± 0.23 cm. By Day 30, it was possible to measure biparietal diameter, which followed a linear pattern of increase up to the end of gestation (r(2) = 0.95). Mean biparietal diameter in the end of pregnancy was 1.94 ± 0.03 cm. Kidneys were firstly observed on Day 35 as hyperechoic structures without the distinction of medullar and cortical layers, thus the regression model equation between kidney length and gestational age presents a quadratic relationship (r(2) = 0.7). The crown rump presented a simple linear growth, starting from 15 days of gestation, displaying a high correlation with the gestational age (r(2) = 0.9). The offspring were born after an average gestation of 61.3 days. In this study, we conclude that biparietal diameter, placental diameter, and crown rump are adequate predictive parameters of gestational age in guinea pigs because they present high correlation index. PMID:24560548

Santos, Juliana; Fonseca, Erika; van Melis, Juliano; Miglino, Maria Angélica

2014-04-15

391

Interstitial brachytherapy using virtual planning and Doppler transrectal ultrasonography guidance for internal iliac lymph node metastasis.  

PubMed

To expand the indications for high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy (HDR-ISBT) for deep-seated pelvic tumors, we investigated the usefulness of Doppler transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) guidance and virtual planning. The patient was a 36-year-old female. She had right internal iliac lymph node oligometastasis of vaginal cancer 12 months after radical radiotherapy. The tumor could not be found by gray-scale TRUS and physical examination. Virtual planning was performed using computed tomography with template and vaginal cylinder insertion. We uploaded the images to our treatment planning software and reconstructed the contours of the clinical target volume (CTV) and right internal iliac vessel. Virtual needle applicators were plotted using the template holes for virtual planning. At the time of implantation, Doppler TRUS was used to prevent vessel injury by needle applicators. Applicators were implanted in accordance with virtual planning and Doppler TRUS could detect the right iliac vessel. The percentage of CTV covered by the prescribed dose was 99.8%. The minimum dose received by the maximally irradiated 0.1-cc volume for the right internal iliac vessel was 95% prescribed dose. Complete response was achieved, however, radiological findings showed marginal recurrence at 15 months after HDR-ISBT. Post-radiation neuropathy occurred as a late complication four months after treatment; however, the pain was well controlled by medication. We consider that virtual planning and Doppler TRUS are effective methods in cases where it is difficult to detect the tumor by physical examination and gray-scale TRUS, thereby expanding the indications for ISBT. PMID:22240939

Yoshida, Ken; Ueda, Mari; Yamazaki, Hideya; Takenaka, Tadashi; Yoshida, Mineo; Miyake, Shunsuke; Yoshida, Susumu; Koizumi, Masahiko; Ban, Chiaki; Tanaka, Eiichi

2012-01-01

392

Evaluation of Thyroid Disorders During Head-and-Neck Radiotherapy by Using Functional Analysis and Ultrasonography  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate thyroid function and vascular changes during radiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer. Methods and Materials: Fifty patients treated with primary or postoperative radiotherapy for various cancers in the head and neck region were prospectively evaluated. The serum samples (triiodothyronine [T3], thyroxine [T4], thyroid-stimulating hormone [TSH], free triiodothyronine [FT3], and free thyroxine [FT4]), the echo level of the thyroid gland, and color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU) parameters of the right inferior thyroid artery (RITA) of the patients were measured before and at regular intervals during radiotherapy. The thyroid gland dose-volume histograms of the patients were derived from their computed tomography-based treatment plans. Results: There was a significant fall in TSH level (p < 0.0001) but an increase in FT4 (p < 0.0001) and T4 (p < 0.022) levels during the radiotherapy course. The threshold dose required to produce significant changes was 12 Gy (Biologically Effective Dose in 2-Gy fractions, BED{sub 2}). There were significant rises in the patients' pulsatility index, resistive index, peak systolic velocity, blood volume flow levels, and RITA diameter (p < 0.0001), as detected by CDU during radiotherapy, compared to those parameters measured before the treatment. Hypoechogenicity and irregular echo patterns (p < 0.0001) were seen during radiotherapy compared to those before treatment. There was significant Pearson's correlation between the CDU parameters and T4, FT4, and TSH levels. Conclusions: Radiation-induced thyroiditis is regarded as primary damage to the thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can subsequently result in hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Our results demonstrated that changes in thyroid vessels occur during radiotherapy delivered to patients. Vessel changes also can be attributed to the late effect of radiation on the thyroid gland. The hypoechogenicity and irregular echo patterns observed in patients may result from the increase in intrathyroidal flow.

Bakhshandeh, Mohsen [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hashemi, Bijan, E-mail: bhashemi@modares.ac.ir [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mahdavi, Seyed Rabie [Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Nikoofar, Alireza [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hafte-Tir Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Edraki, Hamid Reza [Department of Radiology, Panzdahe-Khordad Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan [Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-05-01

393

High-frequency (20–50 MHz) ultrasonography of pseudoxanthoma elasticum skin lesions  

PubMed Central

Summary Background In most patients pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) manifests with yellowish cutaneous papules and dermal elastorrhexis on skin biopsy. However, in a small number of cases there are no skin manifestations on clinical examination. To establish a diagnosis of PXE in such patients with limited manifestations such as angioid streaks and/or premature cardiovascular disease is challenging. It would therefore be valuable to predict the skin areas that would yield a biopsy specimen positive for elastorrhexis with a non-invasive procedure. High frequency ultrasonography (HFUS) should be evaluated in this respect. Objectives Prior to achieve the goal mentioned above we aimed at describing the characteristics of clinically visible PXE skin using HFUS, and to evaluate its relevance for diagnosis. Methods HFUS was performed in a cohort of PXE patients and controls at a referral centre. HFUS images of PXE skin were compared to those of other conditions. Five operators were tasked with the blind scoring of multiple HFUS images of photoprotected or photoexposed skin from patients with PXE and controls. The diagnostic relevance indices (sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, inter-observer agreement) were calculated. Results The HFUS changes considered as diagnostic for PXE were primarily oval homogeneous hypoechogenic areas in the middermis. The size of these areas closely matched the extent of the histological changes. The sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic items and inter-observer agreement were high, particularly in photoprotected skin. Dermal hypoechogenicity in PXE could be related to high hydration of connective tissue due to the presence of glycosaminoglycans despite elastic fibre mineralization. Conclusions HFUS provides suggestive images of PXE skin lesions. HFUS should be now studied to determine if it is a potentially valuable technique for the non-invasive identification of elastorrhexis in PXE patients in whom skin involvement is clinically minimal or absent. PMID:23909384

Guérin-Moreau, M.; Leftheriotis, G.; Le Corre, Y.; Etienne, M.; Amode, R.; Hamel, J.F.; Croué, A.; Le Saux, O.; Machet, L.; Martin, L.

2013-01-01

394

Ultrasonography of the distal limbs in Nellore and Girolando calves 8 to 12 months of age  

PubMed Central

Background Ultrasonography can be used anywhere and allows rapid, noninvasive differentiation of soft tissue structures of the musculoskeletal system. The objectives of this study were to describe the ultrasonographic appearance of the structures of the metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal and the interphalangeal joints, the appearance of the growth plates of the distal metacarpus/metatarsus and of the proximal phalanx and to measure the cross-sectional dimensions of the DDFT and SDFT in Nellore and Girolando calves eight to 12 months of age. Results In the longitudinal dorsal view the common digital extensor tendon and the digital extensor tendon were depicted as echogenic parallel fiber bundles located directly under the skin. The joint spaces appeared as anechoic interruptions of the hyperechogenic bone surfaces. The normal amount of synovial fluid could not be depicted. The growth plates were seen as anechoic interruptions of the bone surface proximal and distal to the fetlock joint space. In transverse sonograms of the distal palmar/plantar regions, the flexor tendons and branchs of the suspensory ligament were imaged as echogenic structures. The lumen of the digital flexor tendon sheath could not be imaged in these normal cattle. The thin digital distal annular ligament and the reversal of positions of the DDFT and SDFT could be appreciated. No significant differences were found between the cross-sectional measurements of the DDFT and the SDFT from Nellore and Girolando in any age, thoracic/pelvic limbs, right/left sides and lateral/medial digits. Conclusions The results of this study establish important ultrasonographic reference data of the normal structures of the distal limbs and the normal dimensions of the flexor tendons in Nellore and Girolando calves for use in clinical practice. PMID:24774582

2014-01-01

395

Clinical usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography for the evaluation of ulcerative colitis-associated tumors  

PubMed Central

AIM: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for the diagnosis of the invasion depth of ulcerative colitis-associated tumors. METHODS: The study group comprised 13 patients with 16 ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated tumors for which the depth of invasion was preoperatively estimated by EUS. The lesions were then resected endoscopically or by surgical colectomy and were examined histopathologically. The mean age of the subjects was 48.2 ± 17.1 years, and the mean duration of UC was 15.8 ± 8.3 years. Two lesions were treated by endoscopic resection and the other 14 lesions by surgical colectomy. The depth of invasion of UC-associated tumors was estimated by EUS using an ultrasonic probe and was evaluated on the basis of the deepest layer with narrowing or rupture of the colonic wall. RESULTS: The diagnosis of UC-associated tumors by EUS was carcinoma for 13 lesions and dysplasia for 3 lesions. The invasion depth of the carcinomas was intramucosal for 8 lesions, submucosal for 2, the muscularis propria for 2, and subserosal for 1. Eleven (69%) of the 16 lesions arose in the rectum. The macroscopic appearance was the laterally spreading tumor-non-granular type for 4 lesions, sessile type for 4, laterally spreading tumor-granular type for 3, semi-pedunculated type (Isp) for 2, type 1 for 2, and type 3 for 1. The depth of invasion was correctly estimated by EUS for 15 lesions (94%) but was misdiagnosed as intramucosal for 1 carcinoma with high-grade submucosal invasion. The 2 lesions treated by endoscopic resection were intramucosal carcinoma and dysplasia, and both were diagnosed as intramucosal lesions by EUS. CONCLUSION: EUS provides a good estimation of the invasion depth of UC-associated tumors and may thus facilitate the selection of treatment.

Kobayashi, Kiyonori; Kawagishi, Kana; Ooka, Shouhei; Yokoyama, Kaoru; Sada, Miwa; Koizumi, Wasaburo

2015-01-01

396

Second-look ultrasonography for MRI-detected suspicious breast lesions in patients with breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of second-look ultrasonography (US) for investigating additional suspicious lesions detected on preoperative staging magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for breast cancer. Methods: Between September 2008 and August 2010, 1,970 breast MRIs were performed at our medical institution for the evaluation of breast cancer before surgery. Second-look US was recommended for 135 patients with 149 suspicious lesions, following the MRI interpretation, and 108 patients with 121 lesions were included in this study. The detection rate on second-look US, according to the lesion type, diameter, and histopathological outcome, was analyzed. Results: Of the 121 lesions considered in this study, 97 (80.2%) were diagnosed on MRI as masses and 24 (19.8%) as non-mass-like lesions; 105 lesions (86.8%) were correlated and 16 (13.2%) were not correlated with the findings of second-look US. Of the 105 correlated lesions, 29 (27.6%) were proven to be malignant and 76 (72.4%) were benign. Although a greater number of large malignant lesions were correlated on second-look US than small benign lesions, there was no statistically significant difference according to lesion diameter or type, as seen on MRI or pathology. Conclusion: We have concluded that second-look US is a useful diagnostic tool for lesions incidentally detected on breast MRI, as in this study, it could identify 86.8% of the MRI-detected breast lesions. PMID:25623054

2015-01-01

397

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography of Hepatocellular Carcinoma After Chemoembolisation Using Drug-Eluting Beads: A Pilot Study Focused on Sustained Tumor Necrosis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to assess the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) and the sustained antitumor effect of drug-eluting beads used for transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ten patients with solitary, unresectable HCC underwent CEUS before, 2 days after, and 35 to 40 days after TACE using a standard dose (4 ml) of drug-eluting beads (DC Beads; Biocompatibles, Surrey, UK) preloaded with doxorubicin (25 mg doxorubicin/ml hydrated beads). For CEUS, a second-generation contrast agent (SonoVue, Bracco, Milan, Italy) and a low mechanical-index technique were used. A part of the tumor was characterized as necrotic if it showed complete lack of enhancement. The percentage of necrosis was calculated at the sonographic section that depicted the largest diameter of the tumor. Differences in the extent of early (2 days after TACE) and delayed (35 to 40 days after TACE) necrosis were quantitatively and subjectively assessed. Early post-TACE tumor necrosis ranged from 21% to 70% (mean 43.5% {+-} 19%). There was a statistically significant (p = 0.0012, paired Student t test) higher percentage of delayed tumor necrosis, which ranged from 24% to 88% (mean 52.3% {+-} 20.3%). Subjective evaluation showed a delayed obvious increase of the necrotic areas in 5 patients. In 2 patients, tumor vessels that initially remained patent disappeared on the delayed follow-up. A part of tumor necrosis after chemoembolisation of HCC with DEB seems to take place later than 2 days after TACE. CEUS may provide evidence for the sustained antitumor effect of DEB-TACE. Nevertheless, the ideal time for the imaging evaluation of tumor response remains to be defined.

Moschouris, Hippocrates [Tzanio General Hospital, Department of Radiology (Greece); Malagari, Katerina [University of Athens, Attikon Hospital, Second Department of Radiology (Greece); Papadaki, Marina Georgiou; Kornezos, Ioannis, E-mail: kornezos@gmail.com; Matsaidonis, Dimitrios [Tzanio General Hospital, Department of Radiology (Greece)

2010-10-15

398

Ultrasound assessment of the elbow.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography of the elbow is a very helpful and reliable diagnostic procedure for a broad spectrum of rheumatic and orthopedic conditions, representing a possible substitute to magnetic resonance imaging for evaluation of soft tissues of the elbow. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) shows many advantages over other imaging modalities, probably the most important being its capability to perform a dynamic assessment of musculoskeletal elements with patient's partnership and observation during examination. In addition, ultrasonography is cost effective, easy available, and has excellent and multiplanar capability to visualize superficial soft tissue structures. Among all imaging procedures, US is highly accepted by patients. US assessment of the elbow requires good operator experience in the assessment of normal anatomy, and suitable high-quality equipment. US of the elbow provides detailed information including joint effusions, medial and lateral epicondylitis, tears of the distal biceps and triceps tendons, radial and ulnar collateral ligament tears, ulnar nerve entrapment, cubital or olecranon bursitis and intra-articular loose bodies. The aim of this paper is to review the screening technique and the basic normal and pathological findings in elbow US. PMID:22675715

Radunovic, Goran; Vlad, Violeta; Micu, Mihaela C; Nestorova, Rodina; Petranova, Tzvetanka; Porta, Francesco; Iagnocco, Annamaria

2012-06-01

399

Oxidant/antioxidant status in lambs and sheep with liver and lung cystic echinococcosis diagnosed by ultrasonography and necropsy.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) in sheep and lambs with cyctic eccinocoocosis (CE) diagnosed by ultrasonography and necropsy findings. A total of 9 sheep and 17 lambs with CE were used in this study and the findings were compared to those of 6 healthy control sheep. Ultrasonography were used for the diagnosis of CE in sheep and lambs, and necropsy was performed to check the presence of cysts in liver and lungs. Serum TOS and TAC were measured by a novel colorimetric method. The TOS-to-TAC ratios were also calculated as OSI values. Serum biochemical profiles were determined by conventional measurement methods as well. The mean values for TOS, TAC and OSI were significantly (p<0.001) lower in sheep and lambs with CE when compared with those of the control sheep, and they were also significantly lower in lambs with CE in comparison to the mean values obtained in sheep with CE. The levels of serum albumin, total cholesterol, creatinine, and triglycerides in lambs with CE were found out to decrease significantly (p<0.001) when compared with those of both sheep with EC and the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of other serum parameters. In addition, when clinically and some biochemical values were evaluated, CE was found to be more severe in lambs than in sheep. It was concluded that although common diagnostic cyst detection is performed by postmortem examination, ultrasonography could successfully be used in conjunction with serum biochemical profile detection and serum TOS, TAC and OSI measurements for diagnosis of cysts in liver and lungs of severely infected living sheep and lambs. Serum albumin, total cholesterol, creatinine, total protein and triglycerides might be used as indicators in sheep and particularly in lambs for the diagnosis of CE. PMID:25601783

Sagkan-Ozturk, A; Durgut, R; Ozturk, O H

2015-03-15

400

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided endoscopic treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts and walled-off necrosis: New technical developments  

PubMed Central

In the last decades, the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts and necrosis occurring in the clinical context of acute and chronic pancreatitis has shifted towards minimally invasive endoscopic interventions. Surgical procedures can be avoided in many cases by using endoscopically placed, Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided techniques and drainages. Endoscopic ultrasound enables the placement of transmural plastic and metal stents or nasocystic tubes for the drainage of peripancreatic fluid collections. The development of self-expanding metal stents and exchange free delivering systems have simplified the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections. This review will discuss available therapeutic techniques and new developments. PMID:25473173

Braden, Barbara; Dietrich, Christoph F

2014-01-01

401

Ultrasonography, X-ray and CT imaging findings of a giant pericardial lipoma: Imaging diagnosis and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Pericardial lipomas are rare and mostly asymptomatic tumors, which are usually detected incidentally during physical examination. The present study describes a case of giant pericardial lipoma that was diagnosed by surgical pathology. The study also describe the X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, and the distinguish of the pericardial lipomas. The study also describes the ultrasonography, X-ray, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings of the tumor, and a review of the literature of cardiac lipoma, to help increase awareness of the tumor and selection of the correct imaging method for diagnosis. PMID:24348847

ZHU, HAOHUI; WANG, MEIYUN; FENG, DEGUANG; FENG, YAN; REN, YING; CHEN, JIYUN; HE, YAO; YUAN, JIANJUN

2014-01-01

402

Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided endoscopic treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts and walled-off necrosis: new technical developments.  

PubMed

In the last decades, the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts and necrosis occurring in the clinical context of acute and chronic pancreatitis has shifted towards minimally invasive endoscopic interventions. Surgical procedures can be avoided in many cases by using endoscopically placed, Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided techniques and drainages. Endoscopic ultrasound enables the placement of transmural plastic and metal stents or nasocystic tubes for the drainage of peripancreatic fluid collections. The development of self-expanding metal stents and exchange free delivering systems have simplified the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections. This review will discuss available therapeutic techniques and new developments. PMID:25473173

Braden, Barbara; Dietrich, Christoph F

2014-11-21

403

Charcoal-induced granuloma that mimicked a nodal metastasis on ultrasonography and FDG-PET/CT after neck dissection.  

PubMed

Charcoal can be used for preoperative localization of metastatic lymph nodes in the neck. Charcoal remains stable without causing foreign body reactions during as hort period. However, foreign body reactions may develop if charcoal is left in situ for more than 6 months. We reported a case of charcoal granuloma mimicking local recurrence on fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography and ultrasonography in a 47-year-old woman who had cervical lymph node dissection due to metastatic invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. PMID:25598690

Choi, Jin Woo; Moon, Won-Jin; Choi, Nami; Roh, Hong Gee; Kim, Mi Young; Kim, Na Ra; Moon, Sung Gyu; Chung, Hyun Woo; Lim, So Dug; Yang, Jung-Hyun

2015-01-01

404

Charcoal-Induced Granuloma That Mimicked a Nodal Metastasis on Ultrasonography and FDG-PET/CT after Neck Dissection  

PubMed Central

Charcoal can be used for preoperative localization of metastatic lymph nodes in the neck. Charcoal remains stable without causing foreign body reactions during as hort period. However, foreign body reactions may develop if charcoal is left in situ for more than 6 months. We reported a case of charcoal granuloma mimicking local recurrence on fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography and ultrasonography in a 47-year-old woman who had cervical lymph node dissection due to metastatic invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. PMID:25598690

Choi, Jin Woo; Choi, Nami; Roh, Hong Gee; Kim, Mi Young; Kim, Na Ra; Moon, Sung Gyu; Chung, Hyun Woo; Lim, So Dug; Yang, Jung-Hyun

2015-01-01

405

Endorectal ultrasonography versus phased-array magnetic resonance imaging for preoperative staging of rectal cancer  

PubMed Central

AIM: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of pelvic phased-array magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) in the preoperative staging of rectal carcinoma. METHODS: Thirty-four patients (15 males, 19 females) with ages ranging between 29 and 75 who have biopsy proven rectal tumor underwent both MRI and ERUS examinations before surgery. All patients were evaluated to determine the diagnostic accuracy of depth of transmural tumor invasion and lymph node metastases. Imaging results were correlated with histopathological findings regarded as the gold standard and both modalities were compared in terms of predicting preoperative local staging of rectal carcinoma. RESULTS: The pathological T stage of the tumors was: pT1 in 1 patient, pT2 in 9 patients, pT3 in 21 patients and pT4 in 3 patients. The pathological N stage of the tumors was: pN0 in 19 patients, pN1 in 9 patients and pN2 in 6 patients. The accuracy of T staging for MRI was 89.70% (27 out of 34). The sensitivity was 79.41% and the specificity was 93.14%. The accuracy of T staging for ERUS was 85.29% (24 out of 34). The sensitivity was 70.59% and the specificity was 90.20%. Detection of lymph node metastases using phased-array MRI gave an accuracy of 74.50% (21 out of 34). The sensitivity and specificity was found to be 61.76% and 80.88%, respectively. By using ERUS in the detection of lymph node metastases, an accuracy of 76.47% (18 out of 34) was obtained. The sensitivity and specificity were found to be 52.94% and 84.31%, respectively. CONCLUSION: ERUS and phased-array MRI are complementary methods in the accurate preoperative staging of rectal cancer. In conclusion, we can state that phased-array MRI was observed to be slightly superior in determining the depth of transmural invasion (T stage) and has same value in detecting lymph node metastases (N stage) as compared to ERUS. PMID:18567078

Halefoglu, Ahmet Mesrur; Yildirim, Sadik; Avlanmis, Omer; Sakiz, Damlanur; Baykan, Adil

2008-01-01

406

Use of Intra-Arterial Carbon-Dioxide-Enhanced Ultrasonography for Guidance of Radiofrequency Ablation and Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization in Hepatocellular Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

A 73-year-old man with hepatitis-C-related cirrhosis and an elevated alpha-fetoprotein level and tumor in segment 3 of his liver was referred for interventional radiologic treatment. He was not a candidate for surgical resection due to impaired liver function and his personal preferences. On conventional ultrasonography no lesion could be detected, but the tumor was clearly depicted by intra-arterial carbon-dioxide-enhanced ultrasonography. Radiofrequency ablation was performed safely and accurately under the guidance of carbon-dioxide-enhanced ultrasonography. By concomitant performance of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization with radiofrequency ablation, extensive necrosis was obtained and adequate tumor volume reduction achieved with only one treatment session.

Ohmoto, Kenji, E-mail: ohmotok@med.kawasaki-m.ac.jp; Yoshioka, Naoko; Tomiyama, Yasuyuki; Shibata, Norikuni; Kawase, Tomoya; Yoshida, Koji; Kuboki, Makoto; Yamamoto, Shinichiro [Kawasaki Medical School, Division of Hepatology, Department of Medicine (Japan)

2006-12-15

407

A study of the possible effects of repeated intracorporeal self-injection of vasoactive drugs in patients with elevated end diastolic velocity during pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography  

PubMed Central

Introduction The aim of the work is to evaluate the effect of repeated intracavernosal self-injection of vasoactive drugs in patients with elevated End Diastolic Velocity (>5 cm/sec) during pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography (PPDU). Methods Duplex evaluation was performed to the patients on self-injection therapy for comparison of end diastolic velocity and resistive index before and after completing the eight doses of IC self-injection. Results After the 8 trials of home therapy, 21 (52.5%) patients showed improvement in the duplex parameters regarding the end diastolic velocity, ten of them showed improvement in the EDV to the level of <5 cm/sec. The effect of different factors that may contribute to the improvement in EDV to <5 cm/sec are shown in the table 2. Age was the only predictive factor for successful response to home therapy intracavernous injection (ICI). Improvement in erectile response was assessed before and after the course of the therapy. Erection response to ICI during penile duplex improved in only six patients (E4 & E4-5)) to the point that it was sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance, 3 of them (7.5%) regained spontaneous erection and stopped using ICI (table 3). The IIEF score was 10.6 ±2.8 before the home therapy and it became 14 ±3.9 one month after completing the treatment course (P value <0.001). Conclusions Early rehabilitation of the patients with venous leakage ED using ICI may help to regain normal erection and avoid unnecessary penile prosthesis surgeries. PMID:24579031

Fayez, Ashraf Hasan; El-Khayat, Yasser; Hosny, Hosam; Zaki, Shady

2013-01-01

408

Randomized Controlled Trial for Efficacy of Capsular Distension for Adhesive Capsulitis: Fluoroscopy-Guided Anterior Versus Ultrasonography-Guided Posterolateral Approach  

PubMed Central

Objective To find the most effective procedure to treat adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder, we evaluated the clinical effects of an ultrasonographic-guided anterior approach capsular distension and a fluoroscopy-guided posterolateral approach capsular distension. We expected the anterior approach to be better than the posterolateral approach because the rotator interval, a triangular anatomic area in the anterosuperior aspect of the shoulder, which is considered an important component of the pathology of adhesive capsulitis. Methods Participants were randomly assigned to two groups: 27 patients in group A were injected by an anterior approach with 2% lidocaine (5 mL), contrast dye (5 mL), triamcinolone (40 mg), and normal saline (9 mL) under fluoroscopic guidance in the operating room. Twenty-seven patients in group B were injected using a posterolateral approach with 2% lidocaine (5 mL), triamcinolone (40 mg), and normal saline (14 mL) under ultrasonographic guidance. After injection, all patients received physiotherapy four times in the first postoperative week and then two times each week for eight more weeks. Treatment effects were assessed using the shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI), visual numeric scale (VNS), passive range of motion (PROM), hand power (grip and pinch) at baseline and at one week, five and nine weeks after injection. Results SPADI, VNS, PROM, and hand power improved in one week, five and nine weeks in both groups. Statistically significant differences were not observed in SPADI, VNS, PROM, or hand power between groups. Conclusion Ultrasonography-guided capsular distension by a posterolateral approach has similar effects to fluoroscopy-guided capsular distension by an anterior approach. PMID:25024960

Bae, Jae Hyun; Chang, Hyun Jung; Kim, Min Jung; Park, Kang Young; Jin, Seung Hwan; Lee, Eun Hee

2014-01-01

409

Which is the preferred modality of renal access for a trainee urologist: Ultrasonography or Fluoroscopy ? Results of a prospective randomized trial.  

PubMed

Background and purpose: In PCNL (percutaneous nephrolithotomy), placement of the access tract into the kidney is an important aspect of the procedure and is responsible for the steep learning curve associated with the operation. The aim of the current prospective randomized trial was to assess the duration of radiation exposure along with the safety and efficacy of PCNL done by a trainee utilizing either US (Ultrasonography) or fluoroscopic guidance to obtain access. Patients and methods: 64 patients with ?3cm renal calculi undergoing single tract PCNL by trainee urologists (experience of <25 PCNL's) were randomized into US and fluoroscopic guided access groups (32 in each). Group1 (US-guided):puncture done using a 3.5/5MHz US probe with a puncture attachment while "triangulation" technique with biplanar C-arm fluoroscopy utilized in Group2 (fluoroscopic-guided).Patient demographics, stone parameters, intraoperative characteristics, fluoroscopy durations and postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Results: Both groups were comparable as far as patient and stone characteristics were concerned.The fluoroscopy exposure during the puncture phase (T2) and overall (T) was significantly lower in US group at 9.0 ± 20.8 vs. 43.8 ± 34.8,(p<0.0001) and 204.3 ± 84 vs.239.9 ± 77.5,(p=0.04). Six patients in the group1 required fluoroscopic adjustment (p=0.03). All other intra and postoperative parameters were similar in both the groups. Conclusion: Both ultrasound and fluoroscopic guidance for renal access are equally safe and feasible in the hands of a trainee urologist. Total fluoroscopy duration and exposure time during puncture were both significantly less in ultrasound group. Expertise in fluoroscopic guided access is essential for a novice to successfully achieve access in all possible situations. PMID:25275412

Jagtap, Jitendra; Mishra, Shashikant; Bhattu, Amit; Ganpule, Arvind; Sabnis, R B; Desai, Mahesh

2014-10-01

410

Immediate versus delayed integrated point-of-care-ultrasonography to manage acute dyspnea in the emergency department  

PubMed Central

Background Dyspnea is one of the most frequent complaints in the Emergency Department. Thoracic ultrasound should help to differentiate cardiogenic from non-cardiogenic causes of dyspnea. We evaluated whether the diagnostic accuracy can be improved by adding a point-of-care-ultrasonography (POC-US) to routine exams and if an early use of this technique produces any advantage. Methods One hundred sixty-eight patients were enrolled and randomized in two groups: Group 1 received an immediate POC-US in addition to routine laboratory and instrumental tests; group 2 received an ultrasound scan within 1 h from the admission to the Emergency Department. The concordance between initial and final diagnosis and the percentage of wrong diagnosis in the two groups were evaluated. Mortality, days of hospitalization in Emergency Medicine department and transfers to other wards were compared. Sensitivity and specificity of the routine protocol and the one including ultrasonography for the diagnosis of the causes of dyspnea were also analyzed. Results Eighty-eight patients were randomized in group 1 and 80 in group 2. The concordance rate between initial and final diagnoses was significantly different (0.94 in group 1 vs. 0.22 in group 2, p?

2014-01-01

411

Estimation of Muscle Mass by Ultrasonography Differs between Observers and Life States of Models in Small Birds.  

PubMed

Ultrasonography has proven to be a valuable noninvasive method of measure of muscle size in birds, but validation of its use in birds as small as black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus; 11 g) is scarce. The effect of observers and life state (dead or alive) of models used for calibration on measurement quality is also poorly documented. Using 31 dead and 22 live chickadees, linear regressions between ultrasound and dissection measurements of pectoral and thigh muscles were fitted and compared between five different observers. R(2) values varied greatly between observers and were generally weaker in live birds, ranging between 0.02 and 0.59, despite high repeatability of measurement. Using equations calculated from dead birds to estimate muscle mass of live birds yielded much higher measurement errors (9%-18%) than when using equations calculated from live birds (5%-8%). Our results suggest that with careful training and using only calibration from live birds, ultrasonography can be a useful but limited tool to estimate muscle size of birds as small as the black-capped chickadee. PMID:25860831

Royer-Boutin, Pascal; Cortés, Pablo A; Milbergue, Myriam; Petit, Magali; Vézina, François

2015-01-01

412

Reference ranges of fetal cisterna magna length and area measurements by 3-dimensional ultrasonography using the multiplanar mode.  

PubMed

This study aimed to establish reference values for the length and area of the fetal cisterna magna using the multiplanar mode of 3-dimensional ultrasonography. A cross-sectional study including 224 normal pregnant women between 17 weeks 0 days and 29 weeks 6 days of gestation was carried out. The area and length of the fetal cisterna magna were measured in the axial plane at the level of the cerebellar transverse diameter. Reliability was determined by intraclass correlation coefficient. The mean length and area of the fetal cisterna magna ranged from 0.50 ± 0.10 to 0.79 ± 0.18 cm and 0.95 ± 0.18 to 3.09 ± 0.62 cm(2), respectively. Intraobserver reliability for the length and area (intraclass coefficients: 0.86 and 0.91, respectively) and interobserver reliability (intraclass coefficients: 0.64 and 0.82, respectively) were good. Three-dimensional ultrasonography using the multiplanar mode is a reliable method for the determination of reference values for the length and area of the fetal cisterna magna. PMID:24846899

Passos, Ana Paula; Araujo Júnior, Edward; Bruns, Rafael Frederico; Nardozza, Luciano Marcondes Machado; Moron, Antonio Fernandes

2015-02-01

413

Nosocomial Outbreak of Klebsiella pneumoniae Producing SHV-5 Extended-Spectrum ?-Lactamase, Originating from a Contaminated Ultrasonography Coupling Gel  

PubMed Central

Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to ceftazidime was isolated from six adult women and two neonates hospitalized between July and November 1993 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Boucicaut Hospital (Paris, France). The epidemiological investigation revealed a notably short delay (less than 48 h) between admission and contamination of the six adults and peripartum transmission to the neonates. The only environmental source of ceftazidime-resistant K. pneumoniae was the ultrasonography coupling gel used in the emergency room. Phenotypic (biotyping and antibiotyping) and genotypic (plasmid profile and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) analysis of all the clinical isolates indicated the spread of a single strain. It produced SHV-5 and TEM-1 ?-lactamases, as demonstrated by isoelectric focusing and gene sequencing. The risk of cross-contamination in ultrasonography procedures is usually low and had not been associated so far with bacteria producing an extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL). Furthermore, this is the first time an epidemic of an SHV-5 ESBL-producing member of the family Enterobacteriaceae has been reported from a French hospital. PMID:9574705

Gaillot, Olivier; Maruéjouls, Christophe; Abachin, Éric; Lecuru, Fabrice; Arlet, Guillaume; Simonet, Michel; Berche, Patrick