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Sample records for turkey laws regulations

  1. Law and regulation of benzene.

    PubMed Central

    Feitshans, I L

    1989-01-01

    OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms. PMID:2792048

  2. Law and regulation of benzene

    SciTech Connect

    Feitshans, I.L. )

    1989-07-01

    OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for substantial evidence and the hard look doctrine. This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the significant risk doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms.

  3. Law and regulation of benzene.

    PubMed

    Feitshans, I L

    1989-07-01

    OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms. PMID:2792048

  4. Power-law Relationship in Describing Temporal and Spatial Precipitation Pattern in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadiğlu, M.; Şen, Z.

    Wet and dry spell properties of monthly rainfall series at five meteorology stations in Turkey are examined by plotting successive wet and dry month duration versus their number of occurrences on the double-logarithmic paper. Straight line relationships on such graphs show that power-laws govern the pattern of successive persistent wet and dry monthly spells. Functional power law relationships between the number of dry and wet spells for a given monthly period are derived from the available monthly precipitation data. The probability statements for wet and dry period spells are obtained from the power law expressions. Comparison of power-law behaviours at five distinct sites in Turkey provides useful interpretation about the temporal and spatial rainfall pattern. As in temperate areas such as Turkey the rainfall amounts change mostly due to one-month-long dry or wet spells.

  5. Regulating chemicals: law, science, and the unbearable burdens of regulation.

    PubMed

    Silbergeld, Ellen K; Mandrioli, Daniele; Cranor, Carl F

    2015-03-18

    The challenges of regulating industrial chemicals remain unresolved in the United States. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 was the first legislation to extend coverage to the regulation of industrial chemicals, both existing and newly registered. However, decisions related to both law and science that were made in passing this law inevitably rendered it ineffectual. Attempts to fix these shortcomings have not been successful. In light of the European Union's passage of innovative principles and requirements for chemical regulation, it is no longer possible to deny the opportunity and need for reform in US law and practice. PMID:25785889

  6. SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT, GUIDE, LAW AND REGULATIONS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana State Board of Health, Helena.

    THIS REPORT CONSISTS OF THREE PARTS--(1) GUIDE, (2) LAWS, AND (3) REGULATIONS FOR PROVIDING A HEALTHFUL SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT IN MONTANA. INFORMATION INCLUDED WILL ASSIST IN THE PROPER DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF NEW AND REMODELED SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND IN THE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF A HEALTHFUL ENVIRONMENT FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN AND PERSONNEL. PART…

  7. Mining law and regulations of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Miranda, F.C.

    1992-01-01

    The mining law and regulations of Mexico have been of considerable interest to mining lawyers in the united States. Recent wide-ranging changes in Mexican mining regulations have come at a time when the mining industry hopes to broaden its scope to contend with worldwide competition. Article 27 of the Federal Constitution of Mexico governs the mining of metallic, nonmetallic, and coal materials. New regulation implementing this law became effective on December 10, 1990. These regulations, generally regarded as providing far greater flexibility in the acquisition and maintenance of mineral rights, also provide substantial additional flexibility in the ability of non-Mexican companies to own concessions. The Laws section of this book includes: General Provision, ministry of National Patrimony, mining concession, beneficiating plant concessions, execution and proof of exploitation work oppositions, national mineral reserves, special concessions on National Mineral Reserves, Public/Registry of mining, mining promotion and of the assistance to small miners, Industrial Mining Reserves and violations and penalties. The regulations section includes: general dispositions, mineral reserves, mining assignments and concessions, right of mining concession holders, obligations of the holders of mining concessions, mining companies, mining public registry, mining experts, inspections, sanctions and remedies.

  8. Turkey.

    PubMed

    1988-03-01

    Focus in this discussion of Turkey is on the following: geography; the people; history; government and political conditions; the economy; defense; and relations between the US and Turkey. In 1986, Turkey's population was estimated to be 51.8 million with an annual growth rate of 2.5%. The infant mortality rate is 12.3/1000 with a life expectancy of 62.7 years. Turkey is located partly in Europe and partly in Asia. Since 1950, urban areas have experienced tremendous growth, and squatter dwellings are evident around the cities' edges. About half of Turkey's population live in urban areas. Turkish culture is made up of both the modern and traditional, Ottoman and folkloric, elements. The Republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kemal, subsequently named Ataturk, in 1982 after the collapse of the 600-year-old Ottoman empire. The new republic focused on modernizing and Westernizing the empire's Turkish core -- Anatolia and a small part of Thrace. The 1982 constitution preserves a democratic, secular, parliamentary form of government with a strengthened presidence. It provides for an independent judiciary along with the safeguarding of internationally recognized human rights. The legislative functions are carried out by the unicameral, 450-member GNA. The economy is developing structurally, yet the agricultural sector remains significant and produces cotton, tobacco, grains, fruits, and vegetables. Over half of the labor force are farmers, contributing over 1/5 of the gross domestic product. A significant portion of industry also is involved in processing agricultural products. The period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s was the longest sustained period of economic growth and development in modern Turkish history, with annual growth rates of nearly 7%. Oil price increases after 1973 and the concomitant European recession slowed Turkish growth and also revealed major structural deficiencies. The economic crisis worsened in 1979 as oil prices doubled again. The Demirel government adopted a strong economic reform program in January 1980. As a result of various government economic policies, economic activity increased. The US and Turkey signed a Defense and Economic Cooperation Agreement in March 1980 that provided a new framework for US military activities in Turkey and committed the US to a "best effort" in providing defense support to the Turkish Armed Forces. PMID:12177973

  9. The impact of anti-smoking laws on high school students in Ankara, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Melike; Karadeniz, Gulistan; Demir, Fikri; Karadeniz, Cem; Kaya, Halide; Yenibertiz, Derya; Taylan, Mahsuk; Yilmaz, Sureyya; Sen, Velat

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors affecting the smoking habits of high school students, their thoughts about changes resulting from anti-smoking laws, and how they are affected by those laws. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 11th-grade students at eight high schools in Ankara, Turkey, were invited to complete a questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 1,199 students completed the questionnaire satisfactorily. The mean age of the respondents was 17.0 ± 0.6 years; 56.1% were female, of whom 15.3% were smokers; and 43.9% were male, of whom 43.7% were smokers (p < 0.001). The independent risk factors for smoking were male gender, attending a vocational school, having a sibling who smokes, having a friend who smokes, and poor academic performance. Of the respondents, 74.7% were aware of the content of anti-smoking laws; 81.8% approved of the restrictions and fines; and 8.1% had quit smoking because of those laws. According to the respondents, the interventions that were most effective were the (television) broadcast of films about the hazards of smoking and the ban on cigarette sales to minors. The prevalence of smoking was highest (31.5%) among students attending vocational high schools but lowest (7.5%) among those attending medical vocational high schools. Although 57.1% of the smokers were aware of the existence of a smoking cessation helpline, only 3.7% had called, none of whom had made any attempt to quit smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the students evaluated were aware of the harmful effects of smoking and approved of the anti-smoking laws, only a minority of those who smoked sought professional help to quit. PMID:26785961

  10. 7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ....C. 504) and its implementing regulations at 7 CFR part 1, subpart J, shall apply to proceedings... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other laws and regulations. 11.4 Section 11.4... Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure...

  11. 7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....C. 504) and its implementing regulations at 7 CFR part 1, subpart J, shall apply to proceedings... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Other laws and regulations. 11.4 Section 11.4... Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure...

  12. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for...

  13. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for...

  14. [Oral and maxillofacial radiology: laws and regulations].

    PubMed

    van der Stelt, P F

    2015-05-01

    Since the discovery of X-rays, medical imaging has been one of its most important applications. In the course of years, understanding of the potentially harmful effects of radiation on tissue has substantially increased as a result of experience and scientific studies. This has led to the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), the organisation that is now regarded as the most authoritative in the field of information on radiation and radiation protection. In most countries the law governing radiation is based on the 3 principles of the ICRP: justification, ALARA and dosage limits. For the Dutch situation, these are the Nuclear Energy Act (Kernenergiewet) and the Radiation Protection Decree (Besluit stralingsbescherming). The Practice Guidelines on Radiology are available for the practical implementation of the regulations. By working according to the Practice Guidelines, the dentist satisfies the legal regulations, but, more importantly, he can apply X-ray diagnostics in a manner that is safe for him, the dental team, the patients and all other visitors of the practice. PMID:26210217

  15. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  16. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  17. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  18. 50 CFR 216.4 - Other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE TAKING AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Introduction § 216.4 Other laws and regulations. (a) Federal. Nothing in this part, nor any...

  19. 19 CFR 122.30 - Other Customs laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other Customs laws and regulations. 122.30 Section 122.30 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Private Aircraft § 122.30 Other Customs laws and...

  20. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations.... This includes hours of work, annual leave, sick leave, and other paid leave....

  1. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations.... This includes hours of work, annual leave, sick leave, and other paid leave....

  2. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provision of subpart E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel...

  3. 4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 6.1 Section 6.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable law and regulations. The provision of subpart E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel...

  4. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. 4284.906 Section 4284.906 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GRANTS...

  5. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. 4284.906 Section 4284.906 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GRANTS...

  6. 7 CFR 4284.906 - State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false State laws, local laws, regulatory commission regulations. 4284.906 Section 4284.906 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GRANTS...

  7. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146... (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  8. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146... (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  9. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146... (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  10. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146... (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  11. 40 CFR 146.2 - Law authorizing these regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... regulations and all other UIC program regulations referenced in 40 CFR part 144. Certain regulations relating... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Law authorizing these regulations. 146... (CONTINUED) UNDERGROUND INJECTION CONTROL PROGRAM: CRITERIA AND STANDARDS General Provisions § 146.2...

  12. The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

    1996-01-01

    Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages, and

  13. The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

    1996-01-01

    Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages, and…

  14. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and... Executive Branch covering compensation for work injuries, retirement, unemployment compensation,...

  15. 4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Applicable law and regulations. 8.1 Section 8.1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM INSURANCE AND ANNUITIES § 8.1 Applicable law and... Executive Branch covering compensation for work injuries, retirement, unemployment compensation,...

  16. Social health insurance without corporate actors: changes in self-regulation in Germany, Poland and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Wendt, Claus; Agartan, Tuba I; Kaminska, Monika Ewa

    2013-06-01

    Social health insurance in Western Europe has for many years been characterized by self-regulation in which specific conditions of healthcare financing and provision have been regulated by social-insurance institutions through mutual self-governance. However, the principle of self-regulation has recently been weakened by increased state regulation and market competition, which were introduced in response to economic and social changes. Even in Germany, which has been regarded as an "ideal-type" health insurance system and in which self-regulation remains at the core of healthcare governance, more direct state intervention has gained in importance. On the other hand, in countries such as Poland and Turkey, where this tradition of self-regulation is missing, social health insurance is deemed a financing instrument but not an instrument of governance and corporate actors are not accorded a significant role in regulation. This article investigates how social health insurance systems are regulated in contexts in which corporate actors' role is either diminishing or absent by focusing on three crucial areas of regulation: financing, the remuneration of medical doctors, and the definition of the healthcare benefit package. In Germany, state regulation has increased in healthcare financing and remuneration while the role of corporate actors has grown in the definition of the benefits package. In Poland and Turkey, on the other hand, reforms have maintained the status quo in terms of the strong regulatory, budgetary, and managerial powers of the state and very limited involvement of corporate actors. PMID:23608097

  17. 19 CFR 122.2 - Other Customs laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other Customs laws and regulations. 122.2 Section 122.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS General Definitions and Provisions § 122.2 Other...

  18. 20 CFR 404.1632 - Other Federal laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... determination function; for example, Treasury Department regulations on letters of credit (31 CFR part 205). ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Other Federal laws and regulations. 404.1632 Section 404.1632 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL OLD-AGE, SURVIVORS...

  19. Competition law and British natural gas regulation

    SciTech Connect

    Black, A.J.

    1992-01-01

    British Gas (BG) is a seriously successful monopolist which, since its 1986 privatisation, is acing increased regulation by the Office of Gas Supply (OFGAS). OFGAS is the first public body specifically created to regulate a European gas industry. It employs a rate-capping formula instead of the more labour intensive rate-of-retum method favoured in North America. Despite initial criticisms, OFGAS has surprised industry observers with efficacious results. This article succinctly discusses the process of natural gas industry privatisation in the United Kingdom (U.K.) and the development of a British type of [open quotes]open access.[close quotes] Contemporary British gas regulation is a distinct paradigm involving the privatisation of a vertically integrated pipeline system coupled with an altemative regulatory method. These regulatory results include lower prices for core customers and the promotion of third party direct sales within the U.K. Since Britain leads the European Community (E.C.) in common carriage provisions, the regulatory r6gime here provides a benchmark for the other Member States.

  20. Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-07-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the emergency response laws and regulations in place in the various states within the southern region for use by legislators, emergency response planners, the general public and all persons concerned about the existing legal framework for emergency response. SSEB expects to periodically update the report as necessary. Radiation protection regulations without emergency response provisions are not included in the summary.

  1. (Compendium of State Laws and Regulations for Youth Camps).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brookhiser, Judy, Comp.; van der Smissen, Betty, Comp.

    State laws and regulations applicable to youth camp operations provided by state agencies are organized in this Compendium under ten major headings; personnel; program safety; personal health, first aid, and medical services; site and facilities; sanitation; food service; transportation; primitive camping and out-of-camp trips; day camping; and

  2. ANALYSIS OF STATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS IMPACTING ANIMAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Those laws and regulations of the fifty states which have an impact on the management of animal wastes are summarized, state-by-state, under the headings water, solid waste, air, commercial feed and fertilizer, agriculture, nuisance, soil and water conservation, and land use. The...

  3. Kohlrausch regulating function and other conservation laws in electrophoresis.

    PubMed

    Hruska, Vlastimil; Gas, Bohuslav

    2007-01-01

    The Kohlrausch regulating function (KRF) is a conservation law (conservation function), which is held in electrophoresis and which enables calculation of the so-called adjusted concentrations of constituents. The KRF is not the only conservation function and, depending on the complexity of the electrophoretic system, other conservation laws may be obeyed having a broader range of applicability. The conservation laws are tightly related to system eigenmobilities and system zones (system peaks). In principle, no system eigenmobility is exactly zero, but in most practical cases at least one system's eigenmobility is close to zero. The existence of the close-to-zero eigenmobility inherently points to the existence of a conservation function and a system zone which is stationary. The stationary system zone is called injection zone, stagnant zone, water peak, or solvent dip. Electrophoretic (electromigration) systems can be divided into two types: (i) conservation systems, in which the absolute value of at least one system eigenmobility is close to zero and where at least one conservation law is obeyed and (ii) nonconservation systems, where no system eigenmobility is close to zero and no conservation law is obeyed. The paper reviews work dealing with conservation functions in electromigration, derives some "historical" conservation functions in a new way, derives several conservation functions for systems of multivalent electrolytes, and discusses electrophoretic systems that have nonconservation behavior. In some typical instances, the conservation functions are simulated by means of a dynamic simulation tool and depicted graphically. PMID:17177247

  4. [Evolution of pharmaceutical regulations from the origins to Germinal law].

    PubMed

    Lafont, Olivier

    2003-01-01

    The rising of pharmaceutical regulations took place in the civilisations located around the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greco-Roman world, Byzantine Empire, were followed by Bagdad, where sayadila, inspections and grabadins appeared. The creation of Universities, during the XIIth and XIIIth centuries, plaid a role in the rising of apothecaries communities in Occident. Melfi Constitutions (Constititiones Melfiae, 1231) and new constitutions (1241) inspired most of the regulations of apothecaries communities in Europe. Declaration of the King of France in April 1777 announced the famous "Loi de Germinal", Germinal law, which organized the modern Pharmacy, in 1803. PMID:14763458

  5. Obstacles to Special Education for Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Turkey: A Brief Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meral, Bekir Fatih

    2015-01-01

    Turkey regulates the special education of students with disabilities and, particularly, those who have intellectual disabilities (ID) based on international and national legal texts. However, the gap between law and practice cannot be denied. The existence of obstacles to special education for students with disabilities or ID continues in Turkey.…

  6. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... it is prohibited by reason of the provisions of any law or any statute other than the...

  7. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... it is prohibited by reason of the provisions of any law or any statute other than the...

  8. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... it is prohibited by reason of the provisions of any law or any statute other than the...

  9. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 535.101 Relation of this part to other laws... it is prohibited by reason of the provisions of any law or any statute other than the...

  10. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5204-2 Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. As prescribed... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Laws, regulations, and...

  11. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5204-2 Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. As prescribed... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Laws, regulations, and...

  12. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS DOE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATING CONTRACTS Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for Management and Operating Contracts 970.5204-2 Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. As prescribed... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Laws, regulations, and...

  13. Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations

    PubMed Central

    Swinburn, Boyd A

    2008-01-01

    The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success – consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits. Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity. Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

  14. Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations.

    PubMed

    Swinburn, Boyd A

    2008-01-01

    The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success - consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits.Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity.Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

  15. 31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws... REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 551.101 Relation of this part to other laws... to the public. OFAC intends to supplement this part with a more comprehensive set of...

  16. Unconventional sources of natural gas: laws, regulations and development

    SciTech Connect

    Olson, M.L.

    1980-10-23

    According to this study, unconventional sources of gas appear to be the most likely candidates for domestic energy supplies that can meet the near-term needs of the US while synthetic-gas plants and other alternatives are being developed and constructed. New federal laws and regulations offer incentives for the development of these resources. The Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 calls for the deregulation of the price for coalbed methane, Devonian shale gas, and geopressured methane and for case-by-case pricing of gas from tight formations. The utilities may choose to obtain leases and develop their own supplies of gas or to encourage others to develop gas for purchase by the utilities. Implementation of either of these alternatives would be beneficial to the utilities, the consumers, and the nation.

  17. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... social security laws and regulations. 252.222-7004 Section 252.222-7004 Federal Acquisition Regulations... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  18. Controversy over genetically modified organisms: the governing laws and regulations.

    PubMed

    Keatley, K L

    2000-01-01

    Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) are increasingly becoming a topic of controversy in the U.S. and abroad. The public is questioning their safety and wanting the products labeled as genetically modified. There are other concerns from some of the scientific world and some government officials and organizations such as the Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO) that question whether adequate research has been done to qualify GMOs as safe for long-term use. Of particular concern are the allergenic properties, a GMO may impart, possible transfer effects of antibiotic resistance (given that antibiotic resistant marker genes are used for many GMOs), the expression of previously unexpressed traits, and the drift of pollen from genetically modified crops. It has also been noted that the laws and regulations governing the biotechnology world are outdated, are not comprehensive, and span too many agencies. The primary agencies currently regulating biotechnology are the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). PMID:11710306

  19. Suggestions for Revising Iranian Library Laws and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, John F.

    The present Iranian library laws are incomplete, obsolete, and ineffective. Certain aspects of the Iranian school and public library standards described are based on the assumption that the laws will be improved in accordance with these suggestions. In a general way, this document attempts to build on the present laws and supplement them as well…

  20. Spotlight: Turkey.

    PubMed

    Patriquin, W

    1990-01-01

    Turkey's population stood at 55.4 million in 1989, with a 2.2% rate of natural increase. There were 30 births/1000 population (total fertility rate of 3.7) and 8 deaths/1000 population (infant mortality rate of 81/1000 live births). Until 1965, the Government of Turkey pursued a pronatalist population policy. However, a 1965 law allows individual freedom in determining one's family size and legalized contraception. Family planning service delivery programs have been integrated into numerous development projects. A 1983 survey indicated that 62% of eligible Turkish women were using some form of contraception, while 91% had knowledge of at least 1 modern method. The survey revealed an association between educational level and reproductive behavior: 82% of married women with a secondary education or more were contraceptive users compared with only 46% of illiterate married women. 50% of respondents expressed a desire for only 2 children. Internal and international immigration is, at present, Turkey's most pressing demographic concern. Trends in this area include migration from rural to urban areas of Turkey, emigration to West Germany for employment, and the immigration of ethnic Turks from Bulgaria and other Eastern European countries. PMID:12316015

  1. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... performing work under this contract, the Contractor shall comply with the requirements of applicable Federal... appended to this contract for information purposes. Omission of any applicable law or regulation from List A does not affect the obligation of the Contractor to comply with such law or regulation pursuant...

  2. 48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... performing work under this contract, the Contractor shall comply with the requirements of applicable Federal... appended to this contract for information purposes. Omission of any applicable law or regulation from List A does not affect the obligation of the Contractor to comply with such law or regulation pursuant...

  3. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NEW MEXICO § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of...

  4. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE NEW MEXICO § 931.13 Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations. Under the authority of sections 505(b) of...

  5. Information Sources on U. S. Radio Regulations in the Law Library.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockwood, James D.

    An annotated bibliography gives the radio regulations in the U.S., using sources available in the University of Michigan Law Library as well as the University of Michigan Libraries. Information is applicable to other law, university and public libraries. Relevant material on television regulations is included. Listings cover federal agencies, card

  6. Seismicity assessment for the different regions in and around Turkey based on instrumental data: Gumbel first asymptotic distribution and Gutenberg-Richter cumulative frequency law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bayrak, Y.; Ã-Ztürk, S.; Koravos, G. Ch.; Leventakis, G. A.; Tsapanos, T. M.

    2008-02-01

    The evaluation of the seismicity in 24 seismic regions, in which Turkey and adjacent areas divided, is carried out. For this purpose two methods are adopted. The first is the "whole process" which follows the Gutenberg and Richter distribution frequency-magnitude law, while the second one is the "part process" which is well known as the theory of extreme values. This theory was developed by Gumbel in order to solve many geophysical problems. The first asymptotic distribution of extremes was used in the present study. The advantage of the method is that it does not required analysis of the whole data set. It uses, instead, the sequence of earthquakes with the largest magnitudes in a set of predetermined equal-time intervals. The parameters a and b were estimated from both methods. For the goodness of fit, to the Gutenberg-Richter frequency-magnitude law, the maximum likelihood approach is applied. The b-values calculated from Gutenberg and Richter frequency-magnitude law, reveal a better fit to the tectonic environment of the 24 seismic regions of Turkey and its surroundings examining in this study. On the other hand b-values evaluated from Gumbel's first distribution, do not adjust to the particular tectonics of the 24 seismic regions. The modal value a1/b adopted from Gutenberg-Richter for the 24 seismic regions were calculated, as well. An effort made to correlate the tectonics of the area with the spatial distribution of the various computed seismic parameter, while maps were produced for this purpose. These maps provide a detail image of seismicity and local tectonics for the whole investigated area. The results showed that the Aegean arc and the North Anatolian fault zone ranked among to the first positions between the 24 seismic regions researched.

  7. Citizens' guides to ocean and coastal law: Guide to laws regulating coastal water pollution

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The pamphlet is intended to help citizens, like those participating in water quality monitoring programs, who want to understand the complex nature of state, federal, and local laws that apply to the chief sources of coastal water pollution: point source pollution--pollution discharged from pipes which require state and federal permits; and nonpoint source pollution--generally unregulated runoff from agricultural operations and urban land uses, timber harvesting (silviculture), and construction activities. The pamphlet explains the legal standards and penalties established by coastal water quality laws so that citizens can better participate in the implementation and enforcement of these laws.

  8. Legal workplace policies for drugs and alcohol in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Akgür, Serap Annette; Erdem, Aslı; Coşkunol, Hakan

    2012-02-01

    The widespread of individual and social problems related to substance use/abuse provoked the new approaches for workplace drug testing systems in the world. Workplace drug testing laws are constructed to protect the community from the consequences of drug use by workers. In Turkey, the legal arrangements on workplace drug testing exist in Turkish Penal Code, Turkish Labour Law, Workplace Physicians Regulations, Maritime Labour Law and Medical Examination Instructions in Highway Transportation Although Turkey has made the initial attempts to develop homogeneous and reliable regulations for workplace drug testing, a detailed workplace policy for drug testing at workplace has still not been provided.. An amendment has been done in the Regulations on Seafarers and a drug test (marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine like drugs and opiate) has been added into the routine tests to take a "Seafarer Health Report". PMID:22362573

  9. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  10. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  11. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  12. State Laws and Regulations Governing Teachers Certificates. Bulletin, 1921, No. 22

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Katherine M.

    1921-01-01

    This study is intended to present information as complete as possible concerning the laws and regulations which govern the issue of teachers' certificates in the United States in so far as they are regulated by State legislation or State administrative departments. Licenses to teach issued by city boards in accordance with regulations prescribed…

  13. 31 CFR 535.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 535.101 Section 535.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to...

  14. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  15. 30 CFR 730.11 - Inconsistent and more stringent State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... regulations. 730.11 Section 730.11 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... Register setting forth the text or a summary of any State law or regulation initially determined by him to... stringent land use and environmental controls and regulations of coal exploration and surface coal...

  16. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part...

  17. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to...

  18. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to...

  19. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Federal regulations? (a) A State that currently has compatible CMV safety laws and regulations pertaining... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  20. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Federal regulations? (a) A State that currently has compatible CMV safety laws and regulations pertaining... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  1. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  2. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  3. An Analysis of New Foreign Student Related Provisions in Federal and State Laws and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut State Board of Governors for Higher Education, Hartford.

    In May 2002, President Bush signed in to law the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Reform Act (Public Law No. 107-173), which contains provisions that will affect foreign students and colleges and universities. In addition, the U. S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) has implemented proposed and interim regulations that affect visa…

  4. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  5. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  6. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  7. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  8. 12 CFR 350.12 - Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law or regulations. 350.12 Section 350.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION... STATE NONMEMBER BANKS § 350.12 Disclosure required by applicable banking or securities law...

  9. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  10. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  11. 6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. 27.405 Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws...

  12. Campus Crime, College Policy, and Federal Laws and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehring, Donald D.

    1996-01-01

    The federal Campus Security Act, an amendment to the Student Consumer Information Act of 1976 and amended by the Sexual Assault Victim's Bill of Rights (1992) and other federal laws, requires that colleges and universities provide substantial information to students and employees. The requirement crosses boundaries of student affairs, academic…

  13. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  14. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  15. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  16. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  17. 31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... pursuant to any other provision of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part....

  18. 77 FR 60343 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-03

    ... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 Correction In proposed rule document.... 3144) and/or The Contract Work Hours And Safety Standards Statute (40 U.S.C. Chapter 37, Sec....

  19. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may apply... Conservation Act (17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA 1978) to the extent it is inconsistent with provisions of...

  20. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may apply... Conservation Act (17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA 1978) to the extent it is inconsistent with provisions of...

  1. 30 CFR 931.13 - Preemption of New Mexico laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... following provisions of New Mexico law and regulation are hereby preempted and superseded as they may apply... Conservation Act (17-2-37 to 17-2-46 NMSA 1978) to the extent it is inconsistent with provisions of...

  2. Differential expression of calcium-regulating genes in heat-stressed turkey breast muscle is associated with meat quality.

    PubMed

    Sporer, K R B; Zhou, H-R; Linz, J E; Booren, A M; Strasburg, G M

    2012-06-01

    Aberrant postmortem Ca(2+)-regulation in the early postmortem period is associated with the occurrence of inferior meat quality in turkeys, described as pale, soft, and exudative (PSE). The objective of the current study was to quantify expression of 4 candidate genes responsible for maintaining Ca(2+) homeostasis in turkey skeletal muscle as a function of heat stress: α and β ryanodine receptors (RYR; Ca(2+)-release channels), the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 1 (SERCA1), and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca(2+)-storage protein calsequestrin (CASQ1). Two genetic lines of turkeys were used: a growth-selected commercial line and a randombred control line. Market-age birds were subjected to one of 5 heat stress treatments: no heat, 1 d, 3 d, 5 d, or 7 d of heat followed by 7 d of ambient temperature. Breast muscle samples were harvested and classified as normal or PSE using the meat quality parameters percentage of marinade uptake and percentage of cook loss. These parameters differed significantly by line, heat stress treatment, and meat quality status. Expression of candidate genes was measured using TaqMan quantitative PCR. Heat treatment was associated with significantly enhanced expression of αRYR, βRYR, and CASQ1 in normal muscle from both lines. Conversely, mRNA abundance of these genes was reduced in PSE muscle from both lines and recovered or increased by 7 d + 7 d of rest. Genetic line differences were observed at several time points. Expression of SERCA1 in both normal and PSE samples from both lines was unchanged or trended downward with heat stress. Taken together, genetic line and heat-stress treatment affected the expression of important Ca(2+)-regulating genes in association with meat quality status. The data suggest that birds whose meat leads to PSE may fail to respond to heat stress appropriately due to a delay in the upregulation of the important calcium-regulating genes: αRYR, βRYR, and CASQ1. PMID:22582302

  3. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Compliance with Spanish... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  4. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Compliance with Spanish... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  5. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Compliance with Spanish... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  6. Global analysis of a buck regulator. [for voltage using discrete control law

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Edwards, D. B.; Caughey, T. K.

    1978-01-01

    Sufficient conditions for global stability of a buck regulator using a discrete control law are found. The method of paired systems and Liapunov functions are used to establish global stability and to study the convergence of the regulator. A heuristic argument is given that the optimal switching curves associated with the paired continuous systems approximate the optimal switching curves of the discrete systems.

  7. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  8. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  9. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  10. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  11. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  12. 31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 536.101 Section 536.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS...

  13. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  14. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  15. 31 CFR 562.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 562.101 Section 562.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN...

  16. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  17. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. (a) Worker health and safety. When taking actions under this part, trustees must comply with applicable worker health and safety considerations specified in the NCP for...

  18. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. (a) Worker health and safety. When taking actions under this part, trustees must comply with applicable worker health and safety considerations specified in the NCP for...

  19. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations. (a) Worker health and safety. When taking actions under this part, trustees must comply with applicable worker health and safety considerations specified in the NCP for...

  20. 48 CFR 252.222-7004 - Compliance with Spanish social security laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance with Spanish... PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions And Clauses 252.222-7004 Compliance with Spanish social... Spanish Social Security Laws and Regulations (JUN 1997) (a) The Contractor shall comply with all...

  1. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  2. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  3. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  4. 31 CFR 594.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 594.101 Section 594.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GLOBAL...

  5. 31 CFR 552.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 552.101 Section 552.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY YEMEN...

  6. 31 CFR 552.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 552.101 Section 552.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY YEMEN...

  7. 31 CFR 510.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 510.101 Section 510.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NORTH KOREA...

  8. 31 CFR 541.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 541.101 Section 541.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ZIMBABWE...

  9. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  10. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  11. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  12. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  13. 31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 592.101 Section 592.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS...

  14. 31 CFR 545.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relation of this part to other laws and regulations. 545.101 Section 545.101 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TALIBAN...

  15. An Analysis Of State Telehealth Laws And Regulations For Occupational Therapy And Physical Therapy

    PubMed Central

    Calouro, Christine; Kwong, Mei Wa; Gutierrez, Mario

    2014-01-01

    This study conducted a scan of telehealth occupational therapy and physical therapy state laws and regulations. The laws and regulations were analyzed to determine the potential effect they could have on occupational therapists’ and physical therapists’ utilization of telehealth. The results indicate that the majority of occupational therapy and physical therapy boards are silent on telehealth. A handful of physical therapy laws and regulations address “consultation by means of telecommunication,” but do not provide any guidance for practitioners seeking to provide direct telehealth-delivered services to patients. Of the few states that do provide guidance, policy had the potential to provide clarity or inhibit adoption. The findings suggest that as state boards consider crafting telehealth regulations, they should do so in a manner that facilitates, rather than hampers adoption, while upholding their providers to a high standard of care. PMID:25945218

  16. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to agricultural leases granted or approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases § 162.109 What... federal law. These regulations may be superseded or modified by tribal laws, however, so long as: (1) The... responsibility under federal law; and (4) The superseding or modifying of the regulation applies only to...

  17. Assessment of compliance performance of environmental regulations of industries in Tuzla (Istanbul, Turkey).

    PubMed

    Yasamis, Firuz D

    2007-04-01

    Although environmental management in Turkey is evolving, its performance needs to be assessed in terms of the extent to which polluters and dischargers are complying with their legal obligations. In spite of this necessity, however, not a single study evaluating the effectiveness of command-and-control strategy of environmental management has been conducted. It is for this reason that it was decided to conduct an analysis of the impact of environmental legislation on a major industrial area in Turkey. Accordingly, Turkish environmental legislation was analyzed, and all relevant obligations and responsibilities of industry are identified. Based upon this appraisal, a questionnaire was prepared and used to conduct interviews in Tuzla, Istanbul. From the results, it can be concluded that environmental compliance performance of industry is low. The total of 92 parameters has been questioned. Fifty-three parameters have been found as satisfactory compliance, whereas 26 parameters have been classified as partial compliance and 13 as unsatisfactory compliance. The most important reason for inadequate performance is the lack of an effective national and local environmental compliance management system. The other leading reasons are found to be low-level environmental consciousness of the people, absence of environmental management system at the sites, inadequacies in environmental subsidies, and insufficiencies in public environmental infrastructure. Four recommendations are made to increase the effectiveness of compliance management: establishing an effective environmental compliance management system, accelerating public investment for environmental infrastructure, developing financial subsidies and incentive schemes for environmental investments, and encouraging voluntary initiatives. PMID:17342552

  18. Clinical guidelines and the law: advice, guidance or regulation?

    PubMed

    Hurwitz, B

    1995-09-01

    Proliferation of clinical guidelines has given rise to a number of concerns about the status of clinical advisory statements. Are guidelines advisory or mandatory? What regulatory functions do guidelines serve; do they allow clinical discretion a large enough role? Relationships between legislation and guidelines, and the way courts go about determining the legal status of guidelines, are explained. The following questions in the context of the law of negligence are addressed. Do doctors who deviate from guidelines place themselves at increased risk of being found liable in negligence if patients suffer injury as a result? Could compliance with guidelines protect health care workers from liability in such circumstances? What legal responsibility do the developers and issuers of guidelines have if their guidance is found to be faulty? Common law cases featuring clinical guidelines or protocols have been identified from the database Lexis, which searches the full text of the transcripts and reports of court cases in UK, Commonwealth and United States jurisdictions. Secondary literature, identified from the bibliography of clinical guidelines maintained by the Department of Health Services Research at the University of Aberdeen (assembled from DHSS-DATA, Embase, Grateful Med, Medline and SIGLE) has also been consulted. The legal status of a guideline turns on whether its development and application have statutory backing, and whether the guideline embodies clinical practices accepted as proper by a responsible body of doctors. The mandatory effects of guidelines can be gauged, to some extent, by the sanctions that apply in the event of non-compliance. US courts have ruled that guideline developers can be held liable for faulty guidelines, and that doctors cannot pass off their liability by claiming that adherence to guidelines has corrupted clinical judgement. Protocols and guidelines provide the courts with examples of clinical standards across a wide range of medical practice. As guidelines proliferate, so they will increasingly be used in court. However, adherence to guidelines has not automatically been equated with reasonable practice, and the courts seem unlikely to follow the standards enunciated in clinical guidelines without critically evaluating their authority, flexibility and scope of application. PMID:9238557

  19. Intravenous drug abuse and AIDS transmission: Federal and State laws regulating needle availability.

    PubMed

    Pascal, C B

    1988-01-01

    This paper has surveyed the laws restricting the use of hypodermic needles and syringes for injection of illegal drugs. It has reviewed the constitutional basis for these laws and concluded that they are on sound footing. There is a new Federal law regulating needles and syringes in interstate commerce, but it is too early to tell how expansively it will be implemented. A large majority of States have drug paraphernalia laws that govern needles and syringes, and a smaller number have laws that require prescriptions for the sale and possession of needles and syringes. Some local jurisdictions also have laws, but these were not specifically reviewed. Altogether, a breadth of relevant laws govern the manufacture, sale, use or possession, advertisement, and interstate commerce of needles and syringes intended for use with illegal drugs. Any attempt by scientists or public health officials to accurately study the effect of these legal restrictions on the HIV infection rates in differing jurisdictions must comprehensively consider the applicable laws. Likewise, attempts at legislative change must also identify each law that would apply. Prosecutorial discretion has been discussed as it relates to the decision not to prosecute offenses involving the illegal use of needles and syringes. While prosecutorial discretion is most likely to be used by prosecutors in individual cases, it provides a legally sound approach for a prosecutor who decides not to enforce the needle and syringe laws across the board as part of an HIV infection control program. Although this approach has not yet been adopted in this country, a prosecutor's decision not to enforce these laws might allow the establishment of an experimental program, such as one for needle exchange, that could serve as a laboratory for legislative initiatives. PMID:3136338

  20. [Core principles for the regulation of placement subject to public law in psychiatric hospitals - with explanations].

    PubMed

    2016-03-01

    While the provisions of the highest courts concerning the involuntary commitment and treatment in psychiatric hospitals of people unable to give their consent are being implemented, in many federal states corresponding adjustments to the rules governing involuntary commitment in accordance with the mental health laws and laws on involuntary commitment are still pending. In states where new regulations do exist, legal experts express doubts that they conform to the Constitution and the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The DGPPN has formulated key parameters for involuntary commitment from a clinical perspective, which should be taken into account in the new regulations of the individual federal states. PMID:26868108

  1. The Effect of Hydroelectric Power Plants (hpp) on Agro-Life at Rural Land Regulation in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Onursal Denli, G.; Denli, H. H.; Seker, D. Z.; Bitik, E.; Cetin, S.

    2014-12-01

    Turkey is one of the self-sufficient in foodstuffs and globally ranks as 7th significant agricultural exporter in the world. Main trading partners are the European Union, the United States and the Middle East. As known, agricultural production is dependent on factors including efficient and effective use of all inputs ranging from those natural resources as in land and water to well-trained human resources as labour at the production. The socio-economic aspects of this sector take several forms ranging from the incomes of the primary producers. Rural land regulation is a necessity for rural areas and is regarded as a useful instrument for improving farmer's incomes and life standards. The irrigation system, established during the rural regulation/land consolidation period of large-scale farming, is insufficiently adjusted to the new land tenure structures. The government is especially in the process of water management with hydroelectric power plants. This process produces energy that is required but effects negatively the rivers and agricultural, environmental, climatic conditions. Rivers are vessels of the nature. Free flowing rivers give life to all nature. Most of the studies indicate that Hydroelectric Power Plants (HPP) affects the surface and ground-water management, natural life, agricultural productivity, socio-economic situation at agricultural regions and agro-life related with immigration. This study emphasizes the effect of Hydroelectric Power Plants which are used in transformation of water as a renewable natural resource into electricity power from the perspective of environmental policies and rural regulation.

  2. State laws and regulations affecting development and renovation of district heating and cooling systems

    SciTech Connect

    Kier, P.H.; Meshenberg, M.J.

    1987-09-01

    This study of how state legislation affects development and renovation of district heating and cooling (DHC) systems has two focal points: for investor-owned systems, it examines public utility regulation, while for publicly owned systems, it looks at local government law. Statutes and case law were studied, and officials of several DHC systems were contacted, to identify problems imposed by the legal and regulatory framework and to learn how these problems can be resolved through changes in either the DHC systems or the statutes. Many private developers of DHC systems prefer to avoid regulation of their systems as public utilities and might be deterred by uncertainty as to whether they provide a regulated commodity and service to the public. Further, public-entity participation in DHC systems might be deterred in some states by lack of express statutory authority and by limitations on borrowing and on duration and types of contracts the systems can enter into. The study revealed 50 recent pieces of legislation that encourage or facilitate DHC systems (and that indicate problems and potential solutions). The content of this legislation was then used to construct drafts of two model statutes. The first - related to public utility regulation - adopts the limited-regulation approach of three western states in eliminating the most burdensome aspects of such regulation, including traditional rate regulation, while protecting customers. The second model statute - related to local government law - allows joint formation of DHC authorities by local government. 33 refs., 12 tabs.

  3. Exploring Faraday's Law of Electrolysis Using Zinc-Air Batteries with Current Regulative Diodes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamata, Masahiro; Paku, Miei

    2007-01-01

    Current regulative diodes (CRDs) are applied to develop new educational experiments on Faraday's law by using a zinc-air battery (PR2330) and a resistor to discharge it. The results concluded that the combination of zinc-air batteries and the CRD array is simpler, less expensive, and quantitative and gives accurate data.

  4. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... other part of 31 CFR chapter V. Note, however, that the importation into the United States of goods... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or...

  5. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... other part of 31 CFR chapter V. Note, however, that the importation into the United States of goods... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or...

  6. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... other part of 31 CFR chapter V. Note, however, that the importation into the United States of goods... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or...

  7. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... other part of 31 CFR chapter V. Note, however, that the importation into the United States of goods... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or...

  8. 31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... other part of 31 CFR chapter V. Note, however, that the importation into the United States of goods... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS... of law or regulation authorizes any transaction prohibited by this part. No license or...

  9. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478 Section 417.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE...

  10. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478 Section 417.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS,...

  11. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478 Section 417.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE MEDICAL PLANS,...

  12. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478 Section 417.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE...

  13. 42 CFR 417.478 - Requirements of other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Requirements of other laws and regulations. 417.478 Section 417.478 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICARE PROGRAM (CONTINUED) HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS, COMPETITIVE...

  14. North Carolina's Communicable-Disease Laws and Regulations Amended in Response to AIDS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koeze, Jeffrey S.

    1988-01-01

    Describes some of the features of North Carolina's communicable-disease laws and regulations focusing on the problem of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that is the cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Addresses students and HIV, employees and HIV, and confidentiality. (MLF)

  15. 42 CFR 494.20 - Condition: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Condition: Compliance with Federal, State, and... END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE FACILITIES General Provisions § 494.20 Condition: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The facility and its staff must operate and furnish services...

  16. 50 CFR 85.48 - Compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... CFR part 12, 31 CFR part 205, and any other regulations referenced in these parts. ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM CLEAN... environmental and other laws, as defined in Service Manual 523 FW Chapter 1, may require...

  17. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive... tribe or tribal organization may, through negotiation, identify all or a portion of such requirements...

  18. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive... tribe or tribal organization may, through negotiation, identify all or a portion of such requirements...

  19. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive... tribe or tribal organization may, through negotiation, identify all or a portion of such requirements...

  20. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive... tribe or tribal organization may, through negotiation, identify all or a portion of such requirements...

  1. 25 CFR 900.50 - What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive Orders apply to subcontractors?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT Standards for Tribal or Tribal Organization Management Systems Procurement Management System Standards § 900.50 What Federal laws, regulations, and Executive... tribe or tribal organization may, through negotiation, identify all or a portion of such requirements...

  2. "Law v. National Collegiate Athletic Association": A Guide To How Courts Will Treat Future Antitrust Challenges to NCAA Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leduc, Marc R.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the application of antitrust law to National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) rules and regulations through an analysis of the Tenth Circuit's decision in "Law v. National Collegiate Athletic Association." Suggests that the "Law" decision provides a useful framework for the analysis of future antitrust challenges to NCAA rules and…

  3. A Guide to Federal Laws and Regulations Prohibiting Sex Discrimination. United States Commission on Civil Rights, Clearinghouse Publication 46.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This guide, published by the United States Commission on Civil Rights, explains current Federal Laws that prohibit sex discrimination, as well as policies and regulations of Federal agencies prohibiting sex discrimination. The booklet describes the major provisions of each law and regulation and the complaint procedures established under each.…

  4. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  5. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  6. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  7. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  8. 49 CFR 390.46 - Are State and local laws and regulations on the inspection, repair, and maintenance of intermodal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations? (a) General. As provided by 49 U.S.C. 31151(d), a law... law, regulation, order, or other requirement exceeds or is inconsistent with a requirement imposed by... requirement for the periodic inspection of intermodal chassis by intermodal equipment providers that was...

  9. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety...

  10. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services in compliance with all applicable Federal, State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety...

  11. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to agricultural leases granted or approved...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to agricultural leases granted or approved under this part? 162.109 Section 162.109 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases § 162.109 What laws, other than these regulations,...

  12. Differential roles of hypothalamic serotonin receptor subtypes in the regulation of prolactin secretion in the turkey hen.

    PubMed

    Bakken, Thomas; Kang, Seong Wook; Kosonsiriluk, Sunantha; Kuwayama, Takehito; Chaiseha, Yupaporn; El Halawani, Mohamed E

    2014-01-01

    In the turkey, exogenous serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) increases prolactin (PRL) secretion by acting through the dopaminergic (DAergic) system. In the present study, infusion of the 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist, (R)(-)-DOI hydrochloride (DOI), into the third ventricle stimulates PRL secretion, whereas the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, (+/-)-8-OH-DPAT hydrobromide (DPAT), inhibits PRL secretion. Using the immediate-early gene, c-fos, as an indicator of neuronal activity, in situ hybridization histochemistry showed preferential c-fos co-localization within tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive neurons (the rate limiting enzyme in DA synthesis) in the areas of the nucleus preopticus medialis (POM) and the nucleus premammillaris (PMM), in response to DPAT and DOI, respectively. To clarify the involvement of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2C) receptors in PRL regulation, their mRNA expression was determined on hypothalamic tissue sections from birds in different reproductive stages. A significant difference in 5-HT1A receptor was observed, with the POM of hypoprolactinemic short day and photorefractory birds showing the highest expression. 5-HT2C receptors mRNA did not change during the reproductive cycle. The data presented support the notion that DA neurons in the PMM and POM mediate the stimulatory and inhibitory effects of 5-HT, respectively, on PRL secretion and the 5-HTergic system can both stimulate and inhibit PRL secretion. PMID:23886495

  13. Emergence of robust growth laws from optimal regulation of ribosome synthesis.

    PubMed

    Scott, Matthew; Klumpp, Stefan; Mateescu, Eduard M; Hwa, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Bacteria must constantly adapt their growth to changes in nutrient availability; yet despite large-scale changes in protein expression associated with sensing, adaptation, and processing different environmental nutrients, simple growth laws connect the ribosome abundance and the growth rate. Here, we investigate the origin of these growth laws by analyzing the features of ribosomal regulation that coordinate proteome-wide expression changes with cell growth in a variety of nutrient conditions in the model organism Escherichia coli. We identify supply-driven feedforward activation of ribosomal protein synthesis as the key regulatory motif maximizing amino acid flux, and autonomously guiding a cell to achieve optimal growth in different environments. The growth laws emerge naturally from the robust regulatory strategy underlying growth rate control, irrespective of the details of the molecular implementation. The study highlights the interplay between phenomenological modeling and molecular mechanisms in uncovering fundamental operating constraints, with implications for endogenous and synthetic design of microorganisms. PMID:25149558

  14. Emergence of robust growth laws from optimal regulation of ribosome synthesis

    PubMed Central

    Scott, Matthew; Klumpp, Stefan; Mateescu, Eduard M; Hwa, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Bacteria must constantly adapt their growth to changes in nutrient availability; yet despite large-scale changes in protein expression associated with sensing, adaptation, and processing different environmental nutrients, simple growth laws connect the ribosome abundance and the growth rate. Here, we investigate the origin of these growth laws by analyzing the features of ribosomal regulation that coordinate proteome-wide expression changes with cell growth in a variety of nutrient conditions in the model organism Escherichia coli. We identify supply-driven feedforward activation of ribosomal protein synthesis as the key regulatory motif maximizing amino acid flux, and autonomously guiding a cell to achieve optimal growth in different environments. The growth laws emerge naturally from the robust regulatory strategy underlying growth rate control, irrespective of the details of the molecular implementation. The study highlights the interplay between phenomenological modeling and molecular mechanisms in uncovering fundamental operating constraints, with implications for endogenous and synthetic design of microorganisms. PMID:25149558

  15. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other... laws are inconsistent with these regulations or other applicable federal law. These regulations may be... statute or judicial decision, or conflict with our general trust responsibility under federal law; and...

  16. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other... laws are inconsistent with these regulations or other applicable federal law. These regulations may be... statute or judicial decision, or conflict with our general trust responsibility under federal law; and...

  17. 25 CFR 162.109 - What laws, other than these regulations, will apply to leases granted or approved under this part?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS General Provisions § 162.109 What laws, other... laws are inconsistent with these regulations or other applicable federal law. These regulations may be... statute or judicial decision, or conflict with our general trust responsibility under federal law; and...

  18. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances? 222.7 Section 222.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State...

  19. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances? 222.7 Section 222.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State...

  20. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances? 222.7 Section 222.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State...

  1. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances? 222.7 Section 222.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State...

  2. 49 CFR 222.7 - What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What is this regulation's effect on State and local laws and ordinances? 222.7 Section 222.7 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS General § 222.7 What is this regulation's effect on State...

  3. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray...

  4. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray...

  5. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray...

  6. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray...

  7. 42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal, State, and... State or applicable local law provides for the licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray...

  8. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services... health and safety of patients. If State or local law provides for licensing of hospices, the hospice...

  9. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services... health and safety of patients. If State or local law provides for licensing of hospices, the hospice...

  10. 42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ..., State, and local laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418... related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its staff must operate and furnish services... health and safety of patients. If State or local law provides for licensing of hospices, the hospice...

  11. 42 CFR 485.608 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... (CAHs) § 485.608 Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The CAH and its staff are in compliance with applicable Federal, State and local laws and... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Condition of participation: Compliance with...

  12. 76 FR 58137 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 U.S.C...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ... Appendix I to Chapter 2 RIN 0750-AG38 Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Positive Law.... Background On January 4, 2011, Public Law 111-350 enacted a new codified version of Title 41, United States Code (U.S.C.), entitled ``Public Contracts.'' The purpose of this final rule is to update...

  13. 50 CFR 84.50 - How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Federal Money § 84.50 How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies? (a) In accepting Federal money, coastal State representatives must agree to and certify compliance...

  14. Making decisions about decision-making: conscience, regulation, and the law.

    PubMed

    Miola, José

    2015-01-01

    The exercise of conscience can have far reaching effects. Poor behaviour can be fatal, as it has occurred in various medical scandals over the years. This article takes a wide definition of conscience as its starting point, and argues that the decision-making processes open to society--legal regulation and professional regulation--can serve to limit the options available to an individual and thus her ability to exercise her conscience. The article charts the law's changing attitude to legal intervention, which now seeks to limit the use of conscience by individuals, and addresses concerns that this may serve to 'de-moralise' medicine. It also examines the reasons for this legal change of approach. PMID:25910908

  15. A summary of state laws regulating youth operating farm tractors on highways.

    PubMed

    Doty, B C; Marlenga, B

    2006-02-01

    Driving farm tractors on highways is hazardous for youth due to the large speed differential between motor vehicles and agricultural vehicles, as well as recent increases in traffic volume on many rural roads. In 1994, the state of Wisconsin enacted legislation requiring youth who operate farm tractors on highways to complete a tractor and machinery certification course. We were interested in finding out whether other states have similar requirements. The purpose of this project was to collect and summarize state laws regulating youth who operate farm tractors on highways in the U.S. A systematic method was used that included an initial Lexis-Nexis database search followed by internet searches in combination with follow-up email and telephone communications when missing or unclear results were obtained. The findings show that 14 states have legislation addressing youth who operate farm tractors on highways. The content of these statutes varies, but includes driver's license or educational requirements, as well as regulations concerning the ages, locations, and/or times of day when youth may drive farm machinery on highways. This compilation of state laws will be useful information for agricultural safety professionals in designing effective outreach programs. A synthesis of the findings may also lead to the development of model legislation or inform future research efforts aimed at preventing youth farm tractor crashes on highways. PMID:16536173

  16. Wind energy and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Coskun, Aynur Aydin; Türker, Yavuz Özhan

    2012-03-01

    The global energy requirement for sustaining economic activities, meeting social needs and social development is increasing daily. Environmentally friendly, renewable energy resources are an alternative to the primary non-renewable energy resources, which devastate ecosystems in order to meet increasing demand. Among renewable energy sources such as hydropower, biopower, geothermal power and solar power, wind power offers distinct advantages to Turkey. There is an increasing tendency toward wind globally and the European Union adjusted its legal regulations in this regard. As a potential EU Member state, Turkey is going through a similar process. The number of institutional and legal regulations concerning wind power has increased in recent years; technical infrastructure studies were completed, and some important steps were taken in this regard. This study examines the way in which Turkey has developed support for wind power, presents a SWOT analysis of the wind power sector in Turkey and a projection was made for the concrete success expected to be accomplished in the future. PMID:21479556

  17. FEEDBACK-REGULATED STAR FORMATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE KENNICUTT-SCHMIDT LAW

    SciTech Connect

    Dib, Sami

    2011-08-10

    We derive a metallicity-dependent relation between the surface density of the star formation rate ({Sigma}{sub SFR}) and the gas surface density ({Sigma}{sub g}) in a feedback-regulated model of star formation in galactic disks. In this model, star formation occurs in gravitationally bound protocluster clumps embedded in larger giant molecular clouds with the protocluster clump mass function following a power-law function with a slope of -2. Metallicity-dependent feedback is generated by the winds of OB stars (M {approx}> 5 M{sub sun}) that form in the clumps. The quenching of star formation in clumps of decreasing metallicity occurs at later epochs due to weaker wind luminosities, thus resulting in higher final star formation efficiencies (SFE{sub exp}). By combining SFE{sub exp} with the timescales on which gas expulsion occurs, we derive the metallicity-dependent SFR per unit time in this model as a function of {Sigma}{sub g}. This is combined with the molecular gas fraction in order to derive the global dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on {Sigma}{sub g}. The model reproduces very well the observed star formation laws extending from low gas surface densities up to the starburst regime. Furthermore, our results show a dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on metallicity over the entire range of gas surface densities in contrast to other models and can also explain part of the scatter in the observations. We provide a tabulated form of the star formation laws that can easily be incorporated into numerical simulations or semi-analytical models of galaxy formation and evolution.

  18. Pharmaceutical marketing practices: balancing public health and law enforcement interests; moving beyond regulation-through-litigation.

    PubMed

    Zalesky, Christopher D

    2006-01-01

    Fraudulent or abusive sales and marketing practices by pharmaceutical companies can result in costly overutilization of products that are increasingly paid for by government healthcare programs and may result in adverse health and safety consequences to the patient-beneficiaries of those programs. Federal enforcement efforts in this area are largely modeled on those used to combat white-collar crime, with cases taking years to reach conclusion. This approach overlooks the impact on patients who receive unnecessary care or are denied access to appropriate care during the course of the investigation. Many states are beginning to regulate certain pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices, but state-by-state regulation ignores the importance of a uniform federal regulatory and enforcement approach in an area already occupied by federal law. This Article explores current federal and state efforts to limit overutilization, fraud, and abuse in the sale and marketing of prescription drugs, and illustrates the merits of an expanded role for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices. This approach borrows lessons learned from the FDA's efficient and effective regulatory and enforcement methods and maintains a careful balance between the interests of patient-beneficiaries, the government and industry. PMID:17002233

  19. Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control.

    PubMed

    Blackwood, Evelyn

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines changes in the regulation of sexuality in Indonesia in the period since 1980 as seen through state, religious and lesbian and gay activist discourses on sexuality. Three different eras during that period of Indonesian history are compared. Under the New Order regime of Suharto, the Indonesian state sought to control sexuality through a deployment of gender. During the 1990s, state Islamic discourses of sexuality shifted in response to international pressures to support same-sex marriage and sexual rights. During the third period following the end of the Suharto regime in 1998, a conservative Islamic minority pushed for more restrictive laws in the State Penal Code, initiating intense public debate on the role of the state in questions of sexuality and morality. Over this time period, the dominant discourse on sexuality moved from strategically linking normative gender with heterosexuality and marriage to direct attempts to legislate heterosexual marriage by criminalizing a wide range of sexual practices. PMID:17457732

  20. Differential regulation of the β-adrenoceptor density and cyclic AMP level with age and sex in turkey cardiac chambers.

    PubMed

    Hoffmann, Sandra; Böhme, Julia; Kube, Christian; Haufe, Jörg; Krautwald-Junghanns, Maria-Elisabeth; Abraham, Getu

    2016-04-15

    Decreased responses of the heart to β-adrenoceptor stimulation with aging have been shown to occur merely in selected heart chambers in relation to increased catecholamine levels. However, there are no systematic studies that investigate all cardiac chambers with regard to receptor density and cAMP (adenosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate) responses. We used meat-type turkey poults (British United Turkey (B.U.T.) Big 6) with increasing age because their heart seems to decrease in weight in relation to body weight and they are often used as an animal model for heart failure. The receptor density and distribution were quantified by radioligand binding analysis using (-)-[(125)I]-iodocyanopindolol and β-adrenoceptor subtype-specific antagonists (ICI 118.551 and CGP 20712 A) in membranes of four cardiac chambers (right and left atria and ventricles) of 6-week-, 12-week-, 16/21-week-, and 57-week-old B.U.T. BIG 6 turkeys. Receptor function was determined by measuring basal and stimulated cAMP production. In both sexes, the β-adrenoceptor density decreased significantly in all chambers with age without altered β-adrenoceptor subtype distribution. The receptor affinity (KD) to the radioligand was similar in hearts of all age groups. β-adrenoceptor-(isoproterenol and guanosine 5'-triphosphate), G-protein-(NaF) and catalytic unit of adenylate cyclase (forskolin, Mn(2+)) mediated cAMP responses were not chamber-dependent. Indeed, the cAMP level was significantly lower in 57-week-old hearts than in 6-week-, 12-week-, 16/21-week-old hearts. These data suggest that with increasing age and body weight, the β-adrenoceptor signal transduction pathway was highly blunted in all cardiac chambers, occurring by decreased receptor density and cAMP responses. PMID:26957056

  1. Federalism and managed care: introductory comments to the American Association of Law Schools' Section on Law, Medicine and Health Care on the role of the states in managed care regulation.

    PubMed

    Blum, J D

    1999-01-01

    This section of the Annals of Health Law represents a compilation of materials concerning the state regulation of managed care. The following materials were first presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Law Schools ("AALS"), Section on Law, Medicine and Health Care in January 1999. Chairman John Blum introduces the subject and questions the dual role assumed by state and federal authorities in regulating managed care. PMID:10622900

  2. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... of the Project. (b) State or Territorial Law and Local Law. Except to the extent that a Federal... or territorial law, the Recipient agrees to notify the Government (NASA) immediately in writing in... Project as soon as possible. (c) Changed Conditions of Performance (Including Litigation). The...

  3. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Project. (b) State or Territorial Law and Local Law. Except to the extent that a Federal... or territorial law, the Recipient agrees to notify the Government (NASA) immediately in writing in... Project as soon as possible. (c) Changed Conditions of Performance (Including Litigation). The...

  4. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... of the Project. (b) State or Territorial Law and Local Law. Except to the extent that a Federal... or territorial law, the Recipient agrees to notify the Government (NASA) immediately in writing in... Project as soon as possible. (c) Changed Conditions of Performance (Including Litigation). The...

  5. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... of the Project. (b) State or Territorial Law and Local Law. Except to the extent that a Federal... or territorial law, the Recipient agrees to notify the Government (NASA) immediately in writing in... Project as soon as possible. (c) Changed Conditions of Performance (Including Litigation). The...

  6. 14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... of the Project. (b) State or Territorial Law and Local Law. Except to the extent that a Federal... or territorial law, the Recipient agrees to notify the Government (NASA) immediately in writing in... Project as soon as possible. (c) Changed Conditions of Performance (Including Litigation). The...

  7. Municipal solid waste management strategies in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Turan, N Gamze; Coruh, Semra; Akdemir, Andaç; Ergun, Osman Nuri

    2009-01-01

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a major environmental problem in Turkey, as in many developing countries. Problems associated with municipal solid waste are difficult to address, but efforts towards more efficient collection and transportation and environmentally acceptable waste disposal continue in Turkey. Although strict regulations on the management of solid waste are in place, primitive disposal methods such as open dumping and discharge into surface water have been used in various parts of Turkey. This study presents a brief history of the legislative trends in Turkey for MSW management. The study also presents the MSW responsibility and management structure together with the present situation of generation, composition, recycling, and treatment. The results show that approximately 25 million ton of MSW are generated annually in Turkey. About 77% of the population receives MSW services. In spite of efforts to change open dumping areas into sanitary landfills and to build modern recycling and composting facilities, Turkey still has over 2000 open dumps. PMID:18644708

  8. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  9. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  10. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  11. 7 CFR 352.2 - Purpose; relation to other regulations; applicability; preemption of State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... States to which admission is sought in accordance with the Customs regulations in 19 CFR chapter I... local laws. (a) Importations of plants, plant products, plant pests, noxious weeds, soil, and other products and articles that may be infested or infected by or contain plant pests or noxious weeds...

  12. Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hammons, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    There is a widespread misperception that private schools avoid government oversight or are "unregulated." In fact, private schools are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that run the gamut from reasonable rules to ensure health and safety to unreasonable rules that interfere with school curricula, preventing schools from pursuing…

  13. The effect on thermal power plant design due to the implementation of China`s new environmental laws and regulations

    SciTech Connect

    Zheng Dingrong; Liu Yongjiu; Lei Kechang

    1996-10-01

    In light of the requirements of China`s new environmental protection laws and regulations, the countermeasures adopted by the Chinese government to protect environment, and China`s Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996--2000) and Long-Term Target for the Year 2010, this paper describes the considerations and countermeasures that shall be taken in power plant construction and design.

  14. Transparency and Accountability: What if the Federal Gainful Employment-Debt Measures Regulations Applied to Law Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattox, Kari Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare current guidelines of the American Bar Association (ABA) for law schools to those of the U.S. Department of Education's Gainful Employment-Debt Measures regulations in order to assess their transparency and accountability. This analysis is relevant in a time of increasing tuition costs and record…

  15. Transparency and Accountability: What if the Federal Gainful Employment-Debt Measures Regulations Applied to Law Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattox, Kari Ann

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare current guidelines of the American Bar Association (ABA) for law schools to those of the U.S. Department of Education's Gainful Employment-Debt Measures regulations in order to assess their transparency and accountability. This analysis is relevant in a time of increasing tuition costs and record

  16. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  17. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  18. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  19. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  20. 25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND... people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if you obey the following rules: (a) You...

  1. Variability and Limits of US State Laws Regulating Workplace Wellness Programs.

    PubMed

    Pomeranz, Jennifer L; Garcia, Andrea M; Vesprey, Randy; Davey, Adam

    2016-06-01

    We examined variability in state laws related to workplace wellness programs for public and private employers. We conducted legal research using LexisNexis and Westlaw to create a master list of US state laws that existed in 2014 dedicated to workplace wellness programs. The master list was then divided into laws focusing on public employers and private employers. We created 2 codebooks to describe the variables used to examine the laws. Coders used LawAtlas(SM) Workbench to code the laws related to workplace wellness programs. Thirty-two states and the District of Columbia had laws related to workplace wellness programs in 2014. Sixteen states and the District of Columbia had laws dedicated to public employers, and 16 states had laws dedicated to private employers. Nine states and the District of Columbia had laws that did not specify employer type. State laws varied greatly in their methods of encouraging or shaping wellness program requirements. Few states have comprehensive requirements or incentives to support evidence-based workplace wellness programs. PMID:27077349

  2. Decree No. 1991, Regulations to the Law on Foreigners, 30 June 1986.

    PubMed

    1988-01-01

    Among other things, these Regulations set forth rules on requirements for visas established in the Ecuador Law on Foreigners. They list the amounts of income from abroad or investments in Ecuador required of foreigners entering Ecuador with immigrant visas, documents needed by persons working permanently in enterprises and institutions under immigrant visas, and methods of proof of dependency for persons entering on immigrant visas as dependents. In this context, they provide that persons with foreign income must receive at least $1,000 per month, with an increase of 80% Ecuadorian personnel; that persons entering as workers must inform authorities of changes in work status; and that persons entering as dependents may themselves work only if their sponsor dies or the means of subsistence of the sponsor decrease. The Regulations also set forth requirements for persons entering Ecuador on nonimmigrant visas, such as refugees, students, temporary workers, religious personnel, and those in transit. With respect to refugees, the rules provide that false statements made in an application will trigger an expulsion order; that foreign nationals coming from a country other than that where they suffered persecution will not be admitted unless they were in that country in direct transit; that refugees may not leave the country without express permission; and that, if the conditions justifying asylum change, a refugee will be required to leave the country. With respect to workers, the rules provide that an applicant must show a need for a foreign worker that cannot be fulfilled by an Ecuadorian worker and must show a work contract or appointment. With respect to those in transit, the rules provide that no visa is required and that entry will be denied to those lacking permission to enter the country of destination and transit through countries bordering Ecuador that are on their route. Persons in this category may stay in Ecuador for only a limited time--usually 10 days for persons en route and three months for visitors. The Regulations also contain provisions on the modification of immigration status, including the rule that the status of those in transit may not be modified. In addition, they set forth the functions of the Consultative Council on Migration Policy. Among these is the task of promoting internal migration to sparsely populated areas of the country. PMID:12289333

  3. Law and psychiatry: regulating psychotherapy or restricting freedom of speech? California's ban on sexual orientation change efforts.

    PubMed

    Appelbaum, Paul S

    2014-01-01

    California's new law banning sexual orientation change efforts by licensed therapists for patients under 18 immediately provoked court challenges. Therapists, parents, and patients argued that the statute infringed constitutional rights to freedom of speech and parental rights to select treatments for their children. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rejected all of these claims in a unanimous decision upholding the law. However, the decision evokes concerns that other forms of psychotherapy could be subject to similar regulation. Tort remedies may provide less intrusive means for discouraging use of ineffective and potentially harmful therapies. PMID:24382762

  4. Pharmacy in Turkey: past, present, and future.

    PubMed

    Tekiner, H

    2014-06-01

    Pharmacy in Turkey underwent a radical change within the last decade. Introduction of the Health Transformation Program in 2003 has had a significant impact on Turkey's pharmacy system in accordance with objectives of the program to establish new pricing regulations for pharmaceuticals based on reference prices, and to develop better computer based health information/record systems. In this context, Pharmaceutical Tracking (Track-and-Trace) System using two dimensional matrix barcodes was initiated to prevent not only drug counterfeiting, but also fraud against the medical insurance system and off-record transactions within the pharmaceutical sector; and the process of recording prescriptions in an electronic format was launched. Some other improvements have also been made with respect to pharmacy education, law and practice. In contrast with all these positive outcomes, Turkish pharmacy sector is currently in a deep financial struggle. This paper aims to provide a brief overview of the recent developments in Turkish pharmacy system and to discuss future roles and challenges of the profession. PMID:24974586

  5. Rehabilitating the regulative use of reason: Kant on empirical and chemical laws.

    PubMed

    McNulty, Michael Bennett

    2015-12-01

    In his Kritik der reinen Vernunft, Kant asserts that laws of nature "carry with them an expression of necessity" (A159/B198). There is, however, widespread interpretive disagreement regarding the nature and source of the necessity of empirical laws of natural sciences in Kant's system. It is especially unclear how chemistry-a science without a clear, straightforward connection to the a priori principles of the understanding-could contain such genuine, empirical laws. Existing accounts of the necessity of causal laws unfortunately fail to illuminate the possibility of non-physical laws. In this paper, I develop an alternative, 'ideational' account of natural laws, according to which ideas of reason necessitate the laws of some non-physical sciences. Chemical laws, for instance, are grounded on ideas of the elements, and the chemist aims to reduce her phenomena to these elements via experimentation. Although such ideas are beyond the possibility of experience, their postulation is necessary for the achievement of reason's theoretical ends: the unification and explanation of the cognitions of science. PMID:26568081

  6. General View of Teacher Education Policies of Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gursimsek, Isik; And Others

    This paper describes the teacher education system in Turkey. It includes an overview of the history of modern teacher education in the country and outlines the current system. The present system actually began in 1924 with the Law on Unification of Education when all schools in Turkey were brought under a Ministry of National Education. Pre-school…

  7. Open consent, biobanking and data protection law: can open consent be 'informed' under the forthcoming data protection regulation?

    PubMed

    Hallinan, Dara; Friedewald, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on whether a certain form of consent used by biobanks--open consent--is compatible with the Proposed Data Protection Regulation. In an open consent procedure, the biobank requests consent once from the data subject for all future research uses of genetic material and data. However, as biobanks process personal data, they must comply with data protection law. Data protection law is currently undergoing reform. The Proposed Data Protection Regulation is the culmination of this reform and, if voted into law, will constitute a new legal framework for biobanking. The Regulation puts strict conditions on consent--in particular relating to information which must be given to the data subject. It seems clear that open consent cannot meet these requirements. 4 categories of information cannot be provided with adequate specificity: purpose, recipient, possible third country transfers, data collected. However, whilst open consent cannot meet the formal requirements laid out by the Regulation, this is not to say that these requirements are substantially undebateable. Two arguments could be put forward suggesting the applicable consent requirements should be rethought. First, from policy documents regarding the drafting process, it seems that the informational requirements in the Regulation are so strict in order to protect the data subject from risks inherent in the use of the consent mechanism in a certain context--exemplified by the online context. There are substantial differences between this context and the biobanking context. Arguably, a consent transaction in the biobanking does not present the same type of risk to the data subject. If the risks are different, then perhaps there are also grounds for a reconsideration of consent requirements? Second, an argument can be made that the legislator drafted the Regulation based on certain assumptions as to the nature of 'data'. The authors argue that these assumptions are difficult to apply to genetic data and accordingly a different approach to consent might be preferable. Such an approach might be more open consent friendly. PMID:26085311

  8. Turkey`s nuclear power effort

    SciTech Connect

    Aybers, N.

    1995-12-01

    This paper discusses the expected role of nuclear energy in the production of electric power to serve the growing needs of Turkey, examining past activities and recent developments. The paper also reviews Turkey`s plans with respect to nuclear energy and the challenges that the country faces along the way.

  9. 49 CFR 24.8 - Compliance with other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...—Leadership and Coordination of Non-Discrimination Laws. (m) Executive Order 12630—Governmental Actions and... Emergency Assistance Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.). (o) Executive Order 12892—Leadership...

  10. Usage of Underground Space for 3D Cadastre Purposes and Related Problems in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Aydin, Cevdet C.

    2008-01-01

    Modern cities have been trying to meet their needs for space by using not only surface structures but also by considering subsurface space use. It is also anticipated that without planning of underground spaces for supporting surface city life in the years and generations to come, there will be serious and unavoidable problems with growing populations. The current Turkish cadastral system, including land right registrations, has been trying to meet users' needs in all aspects since 1924. Today Turkey's national cadastre services are carried out by the General Directorate of Land Titles and Cadastre (TKGM). The Cadastre Law, Number 3402, was approved in 1985 to eliminate problems by gathering all existing cadastral regulations under one law and also to produce 3D cadastral bases to include underground spaces and determine their legal status in Turkey. Although the mandate for 3D cadastre works is described and explained by the laws, until now the bases have been created in 2D and the reality is that legal gaps and deficiencies presently exist in them. In this study, the usage of underground spaces for the current cadastral system in Turkey was briefly evaluated, the concept of 3D cadastral data is examined and the need for using subsurface and 3D cadastre in addition to the traditional 2D register system, related problems and registration are mentioned with specific examples, but without focusing on a specific model.

  11. The institutionalization of pharmaceutical administration after the korean liberation: focusing on regulating the pharmaceutical affairs law(yaksabeop) in 1953.

    PubMed

    Sihn, Kyu-Hwan

    2013-12-01

    The pharmaceutical administration under U.S Military Government in Korea and government of the Republic of Korea aimed at cleaning up the vestiges of Japanese imperialism which the pharmaceutical administration attached police administration and preparing with legal and systemic basis after the Korean liberation. The pharmaceutical bureau under U.S Military Government in Korea was reorganized as the independent division. The pharmaceutical bureau focused on preserving order, narcotics control and the distribution of relief drug. U.S Military Government proceeded supply side pharmaceutical policy for the distribution of relief drug without constructing human and material infrastructure. After the Korean War, Korean society asked the construction of system for nation building. Korean national assembly regulated National Medical Law(Gukmin uiryobeop) for promotion of public health in 1951. The Pharmaceutical Affairs Law(Yaksabeop) was regulated in 1953, and it prescribed the job requirement of pharmacist, apothecary, and drug maker and seller, and presented the frame of managing medical supplies. The Pharmaceutical Law originally planned the ideal pharmaceutical administration, but it rather secured the status of traditional apothecary, and drug maker and seller. On the contrary, though the Pharmaceutical Law guaranteed the traditional druggists, it did not materialize reproduction system such as educational and license system. It means that the traditional druggists would be degenerated in the near future. After the armistice agreement in 1953, Korean was in medical difficulties. Korean government was suffered from the deficiency of medical resources. Because of destruction of pharmaceutical facilities, Korean had to depend on United States and international aid. The Pharmaceutical Affairs Law did not cleaned up the vestiges of Japanese imperialism, and compromised with reality lacked human and material infrastructure. As a result, the law became the origin of pharmaceutical disputes such as pharmacist voluntary prescription, the separation of pharmacy and clinic, the compounding of traditional medicines, and the traditional pharmacist system. However, it was meaningful that the law was the turning point of the institutionalization of pharmaceutical administration after the Korean Liberation. PMID:24503923

  12. [Organic Law 10/2007, of October 8, regulating the police database on identifiers obtained from DNA: historic background and genetic view].

    PubMed

    Garca, Oscar

    2007-01-01

    Recently, Basic Law 10/2007 of 8 October has entered into effect, which regulates the police database on identifiers that are obtained from DNA. In the following lines, the author reveals the process of approval of this law as well as approaching certain of its aspects from a genetic perspective. PMID:18330105

  13. Guidance on New York State's Annual Professional Performance Review Law and Regulations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Department, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Education Law Section 3012-c requires a new performance evaluation system for classroom teachers ("teachers") and building principals ("principals"). New York State will implement a statewide comprehensive evaluation system for school districts and boards of cooperative educational services (BOCES). The evaluation system is designed to measure…

  14. 77 FR 35879 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-15

    ... Register at 76 FR 78874 on December 20, 2011. The comment period closed on February 21, 2012. One... rule published at 76 FR 78874 on December 20, 2011, invited comments from small businesses and other...: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation (DFARS Case 2012- D003) AGENCY:...

  15. Exploring the Relationship between High School Students' Physics-Related Personal Epistemologies and Self-Regulated Learning in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpaslan, Muhammet Mustafa; Yalvac, Bugrahan; Loving, Cathleen C.; Willson, Victor

    2016-01-01

    This article reports on an empirical exploration of the relations and strengths among Turkish grades 9-11 students' (n = 209) personal epistemologies (justification of knowledge, certainty of knowledge, source of knowledge, development of knowledge), self-regulated learning (extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, rehearsal, elaboration,…

  16. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with...

  17. 15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Foreign Trade (Continued) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Authorities § 990.24 Compliance with...

  18. 43 CFR 22.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Attorney General has issued regulations (herein referred to as “the Regulations”; 28 CFR part 14... authority is delegated to settle tort claims shall follow and be guided by such Regulations (28 CFR part 14). .... Code, as above amended, provides that: The head of each Federal agency or his designee, in...

  19. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... authority and foreign policy and national security contexts may result in differing interpretations of... not limited to) the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, part 595 of this chapter, and does not excuse...

  20. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... authority and foreign policy and national security contexts may result in differing interpretations of... not limited to) the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, part 595 of this chapter, and does not excuse...

  1. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... authority and foreign policy and national security contexts may result in differing interpretations of... not limited to) the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, part 595 of this chapter, and does not excuse...

  2. 31 CFR 597.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... authority and foreign policy and national security contexts may result in differing interpretations of... not limited to) the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, part 595 of this chapter, and does not excuse...

  3. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  4. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  5. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  6. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  7. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  8. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  9. 31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN... chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, “Narcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,” with...

  10. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  11. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  12. 42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131-2159). (b) Animal Welfare Regulations, 9 CFR, subchapter A, parts 1 and... HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY...

  13. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  14. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  15. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  16. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  17. 50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply to certain defined...

  18. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and Public... boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  19. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and Public... boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  20. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and Public... boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  1. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and Public... boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to...

  2. 49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety as soon as possible, but in..., regulation, or policy relating to CMV safety that was adopted since the State's last report. (2) A... designated by the Governor, stating that the annual review was performed and that State CMV safety...

  3. 49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety as soon as possible, but in..., regulation, or policy relating to CMV safety that was adopted since the State's last report. (2) A... designated by the Governor, stating that the annual review was performed and that State CMV safety...

  4. 49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety as soon as possible, but in..., regulation, or policy relating to CMV safety that was adopted since the State's last report. (2) A... designated by the Governor, stating that the annual review was performed and that State CMV safety...

  5. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  6. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  7. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  8. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  9. 49 CFR 350.343 - How may a State obtain a new exemption for State laws and regulations for a specific industry...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... laws and regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? 350.343 Section 350.343... regulations for a specific industry involved in intrastate commerce? The FMCSA strongly discourages exemptions... performance of that specific industry (e.g., accident frequency, rates and comparative figures)....

  10. 49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety as soon as possible, but in..., regulation, or policy relating to CMV safety that was adopted since the State's last report. (2) A... designated by the Governor, stating that the annual review was performed and that State CMV safety...

  11. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing policies? 162.203 Section 162.203 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203 When can the regulations in...

  12. Regulations to implement Public Law 96-320, the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act of 1980. Final regulatory impact and flexibility analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-07-01

    The regulations discussed in this analysis implement Public Law 96-320, the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Act of 1980, by establishing a regulatory system which will permit and encourage commercial development of OTEC technology. In addition, the Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis concerning the effect of the regulations on small entities is included.

  13. 49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety as soon as possible, but in..., regulation, or policy relating to CMV safety that was adopted since the State's last report. (2) A... designated by the Governor, stating that the annual review was performed and that State CMV safety...

  14. Thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Canatan, Duran

    2014-01-01

    Thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies are a serious health problem in Turkey. There is a 70-year history of thalassemia in Turkey. The first patient with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) was reported in 1941. The first clinical and hematological studies were published by Aksoy in 1958. The overall incidence of β-thalassemia (β-thal) was reported by Çavdar and Arcasoy to be 2.1% in 1971. Important steps such as written regulations, education and prevention campaigns, have been taken to prevent thalassemia in Turkey by the Ministry of Health (MOH), the Turkish National Hemoglobinopathy Council (TNHC) and the Thalassemia Federation of Turkey (TFT) since 2000. A national hemoglobinopathy prevention program was started in provinces with a high prevalence by the MOH in 2003. While the percentage of premarital screening test was 30.0% of all couples in 2003, it reached 86.0% in 2013. While the number of newborn with thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies was 272 in 2002, it had dropped to 25 in 2010. There has been a 90.0% reduction of affected births in the last 10 years. PMID:25030194

  15. Regulation for the enforcement of federal health care provider conscience protection laws. Final rule.

    PubMed

    2011-02-23

    The Department of Health and Human Services issues this final rule which provides that enforcement of the federal statutory health care provider conscience protections will be handled by the Department's Office for Civil Rights, in conjunction with the Department's funding components. This Final Rule rescinds, in part, and revises, the December 19, 2008 Final Rule entitled "Ensuring That Department of Health and Human Services Funds Do Not Support Coercive or Discriminatory Policies or Practices in Violation of Federal Law" (the "2008 Final Rule"). Neither the 2008 final rule, nor this final rule, alters the statutory protections for individuals and health care entities under the federal health care provider conscience protection statutes, including the Church Amendments, Section 245 of the Public Health Service Act, and the Weldon Amendment. These federal statutory health care provider conscience protections remain in effect. PMID:21351680

  16. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  17. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  18. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  19. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  20. Regulating Internet Indecency: Is a Law Limiting Access to Internet Sites Constitutionally Possible?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saunders, Kevin W.

    1998-01-01

    Observes that, while indecent materials constitute a small percent of the materials on the World Wide Web, they have received much attention because they are easy to search out or stumble upon. Discusses legal issues surrounding the Communications Decency Act and other pending legislation for regulating the Internet. (DSK)

  1. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements for accessible design. 41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6—Accommodations for the physically handicapped. 41...

  2. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... accessible design. 41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6—Accommodations for the physically handicapped. 41 CFR... Assisted or Regulated New Building Construction (January 5, 1990)(3 CFR, 1990 Comp., p. 269). (d) Policies....). Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, section 202, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4106). National...

  3. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... accessible design. 41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6—Accommodations for the physically handicapped. 41 CFR... Assisted or Regulated New Building Construction (January 5, 1990)(3 CFR, 1990 Comp., p. 269). (d) Policies....). Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, section 202, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4106). National...

  4. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... accessible design. 41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6—Accommodations for the physically handicapped. 41 CFR... Assisted or Regulated New Building Construction (January 5, 1990)(3 CFR, 1990 Comp., p. 269). (d) Policies....). Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, section 202, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4106). National...

  5. Mastering the Maze: A Guide to the Labyrinth of Laws that Regulate Campus Fund Raisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuerst, Rita A.

    1998-01-01

    Outlines four major areas of legal compliance that college and university fund raisers should be aware of: registration of soliciting organizations (solicitation type and parameters); provision of documents on demand; telemarketing and direct mail regulations (disclosure statements, calling-time restrictions); and the trustees' relationship with…

  6. 21 CFR 10.40 - Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) Food additive and color additive petitions, which are subject to the provisions of § 12.20(b)(2). (3... the act and the agency. (3) Two or more alternative proposed regulations may be published on the same... proposed effective date(s); (v) The name, business address, and phone number of an agency contact...

  7. 42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... et seq.). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3—Standards (Animal Welfare). 29 CFR 1910.1450—Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories. 36 CFR part 1190—Minimum guidelines and requirements for accessible design. 41 CFR part 101-19, subpart 101-19.6—Accommodations for the physically handicapped. 41...

  8. 21 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - List of Applicable Laws, Regulations, and Administrative Provisions

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Regulations (CFR) Parts 1-99, Parts 200-299, Parts 500-599, and Parts 600-799. Relevant sections of the FDA... Administrative Provisions A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Good Manufacturing Practices Pt. 26, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 26—List...

  9. New Hampshire State Laws and Regulations, Chapters I and II, and Pest Fact Sheets l-48.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowman, James S.; Turmel, Jon P.

    This guide provides basic information needed to meet standards for pesticide applicator certification. Chapter one outlines the legislative history of pesticide regulation in New Hampshire especially requirements for certification and pesticide classification. The second chapter provides clarification of terms as they are used in this series of…

  10. 15 CFR 2.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Regulations”; 28 CFR Part 14) prescribing standards and procedures for settlement of tort claims (31 FR 16616). Persons delegated authority under this part shall follow and be guided by such Regulations (28 CFR Part 14). ... thereunder. 2.2 Section 2.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROCEDURES...

  11. 15 CFR 2.2 - Provisions of law and regulations thereunder.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations”; 28 CFR Part 14) prescribing standards and procedures for settlement of tort claims (31 FR 16616). Persons delegated authority under this part shall follow and be guided by such Regulations (28 CFR Part 14). ... thereunder. 2.2 Section 2.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROCEDURES...

  12. 77 FR 5714 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ... of Agriculture (USDA) is withdrawing the December 1, 2011, (76 FR 74722) direct final rule adding a... published on December 1, 2011, at 76 FR 74722, is withdrawn. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Donna Calacone... published on December 1, 2011 (76 FR 74722), entitled ``Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor...

  13. 77 FR 5750 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-06

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 74755) proposed rule adding a new clause to the Agriculture Acquisition Regulation at.... DATES: As of February 6, 2012, the proposed rule published on December 1, 2011, at 76 FR 74755, is.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: USDA is withdrawing its proposed rule published on December 1, 2011 (76 FR...

  14. Regulating Water Quality: Policy, Standards, and Laws. January 1993 - January 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makuch, Joe

    The 127 citations in this annotated bibliography provide a substantial resource describing recent investigations on the regulation of water quality. The listing, prepared by NAL's Water Quality Information Center, is part of the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library (NAL), intended primarily for communicating current…

  15. Compendium of federal and state radioactive materials transportation laws and regulations: Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-10-01

    The Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB) is an on-line information service containing detailed information on legislation and regulations regarding the transportation of radioactive materials in the United States. The system is dedicated to serving the legislative and regulatory information needs of the US Department of Energy and other federal agencies; state, tribal, and local governments; the hazardous materials transportation industry; and interested members of the general public. In addition to the on-line information service, quarterly and annual Legal Developments Reports are produced using information from the TLDB. These reports summarize important changes in federal and state legislation, regulations, administrative agency rulings, and judicial decisions over the reporting period. Information on significant legal developments at the tribal and local levels is also included on an as-available basis. Battelle's Office of Transportation Systems and Planning (OTSP) will also perform customized searches of the TLDB and produce formatted printouts in response to specific information requests.

  16. Three different turkey luteinizing hormone receptor (tLH-R) isoforms I: characterization of alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms and their regulated expression in diverse tissues.

    PubMed

    You, S; Kim, H; Hsu, C C; El Halawani, M E; Foster, D N

    2000-01-01

    Using combinations of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends, three different, alternatively spliced, partial turkey LH receptor (tLH-R) cDNA isoforms were characterized from ovarian mRNA. The first cDNA (tLH-R(intact)) showed 98% and 72-75% similarity with chicken and mammalian LH-R sequences, respectively. The second cloned cDNA isoform (tLH-R(insert)) contained an in-frame TGA stop codon within an 86-base pair insertion that was located in the extracellular domain of the seven-transmembrane region. The tLH-R(insert) isoform could encode a truncated soluble protein isoform that lacked the transmembrane region. The third cDNA isoform truncated the transmembrane region (tLH-R(trunc)) and was derived by the deletion of the last exon by incomplete splicing. Generation of multiple transcripts by alternative splicing was elucidated by partial characterization of tLH-R genomic sequences. The differentially regulated expression of the tLH-R mRNA isoforms in nongonadal tissues and ovarian stromal tissues during various reproductive stages was quantified and analyzed by Northern blot and/or RT-PCR. Alternatively spliced tLH-R isoforms were differentially expressed in a tissue-specific manner in most of the tissues examined. The steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the hypothalamus and optic nerve and relatively low in the cortex, pituitary, and cerebellum when compared to levels in ovarian follicles. In nongonadal reproductive tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R mRNA isoforms were relatively high in the uterus and infundibulum and relatively low in the isthmus, oviduct, and magnum. In addition, in the nongonadal peripheral tissues, the steady-state levels of tLH-R isoforms were relatively high in the thyroid gland and relatively low in the spleen, adrenal gland, kidney, skin, bursa, and muscle. The present study suggests that the alternative splicing of LH-R transcripts occurs in a tissue-specific manner and has been evolutionarily conserved (similar results were obtained in chicken and swine). These results raise fundamental questions as to the function of LH-R isoforms in nongonadal tissues. PMID:10611074

  17. Istanbul, Turkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    This June 16, 2000 image of Istanbul, Turkey show a full 60 by 60 km ASTER scene in the visible and infrared channels. Vegetation appears red, and urban areas blue-green. Bustling Istanbul, with its magnificent historical heritage, has spanned the divide between Europe and Asia for more than 2,500 years. Originally called Byzantium, the city was founded in the 7th century BC on the Golden Horn, an arm of the narrow Bosporus (also spelled Bosphorus) Strait, which connects the Sea of Marmara to the south, with the Black Sea to the north. Constantine I made it his capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 330. As Constantinople, the strategically located city arose as the preeminent cultural, religious, and political center of the Western world. It reached the height of its wealth and glory in the early 5th century. After centuries of decline, the city entered another period of tremendous growth and prosperity when, as Istanbul, it became the capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1457. Although Turkey moved its capital to Ankara in 1923, Istanbul remains the nation's largest city with a population of over 8 million, its commercial center, and a major port. Two bridges spanning the Bosporus, and ships in the busy channel can be seen on the enlargement. On the image, the water areas have been replaced with a thermal image: colder waters are displayed in dark blue, warmer areas in light blue. Note the dark lines showing boat wakes, and the cold water entering the Sea of Marmara from deeper waters of the Bosporus.

    Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., is the U.S. Science team leader; Moshe Pniel of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The primary goal of the ASTER mission is to obtain high-resolution image data in 14 channels over the entire land surface, as well as black and white stereo images. With revisit time of between 4 and 16 days, ASTER will provide the capability for repeat coverage of changing areas on Earth's surface.

    The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats, monitoring potentially active volcanoes, identifying crop stress, determining cloud morphology and physical properties, wetlands Evaluation, thermal pollution monitoring, coral reef degradation, surface temperature mapping of soils and geology, and measuring surface heat balance.

  18. Thorndike's Law 2.0: Dopamine and the Regulation of Thrift

    PubMed Central

    Beeler, Jeff A.

    2012-01-01

    Dopamine is widely associated with reward, motivation, and reinforcement learning. Research on dopamine has emphasized its contribution to compulsive behaviors, such as addiction and overeating, with less examination of its potential role in behavioral flexibility in normal, non-pathological states. In the study reviewed here, we investigated the effect of increased tonic dopamine in a two-lever homecage operant paradigm where the relative value of the levers was dynamic, requiring the mice to constantly monitor reward outcome and adapt their behavior. The data were fit to a temporal difference learning model that showed that mice with elevated dopamine exhibited less coupling between reward history and behavioral choice. This work suggests a way to integrate motivational and learning theories of dopamine into a single formal model where tonic dopamine regulates the expression of prior reward learning by controlling the degree to which learned reward values bias behavioral choice. Here I place these results in a broader context of dopamine's role in instrumental learning and suggest a novel hypothesis that tonic dopamine regulates thrift, the degree to which an animal needs to exploit its prior reward learning to maximize return on energy expenditure. Our data suggest that increased dopamine decreases thriftiness, facilitating energy expenditure, and permitting greater exploration. Conversely, this implies that decreased dopamine increases thriftiness, favoring the exploitation of prior reward learning, and diminishing exploration. This perspective provides a different window onto the role dopamine may play in behavioral flexibility and its failure, compulsive behavior. PMID:22905023

  19. Health services pricing in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Tengilimoglu, D; Dziegielewski, S F

    2000-01-01

    One of the most important and complex decisions that public services managers have to make is pricing. This is especially difficult within public health care because pricing decisions are influenced by a myriad of ideological, political, economic and professional arguments. In Turkey the majority of health care services are provided under public auspice; however, recent changes in governmental policy have led to increased competition among hospitals in both the public and private sector. Therefore, all institutions are being watched and remain open to government scrutiny and regulation. The aim of the study is to analyze how the private and governmental hospitals determine pricing or the actual cost of services in Turkey. Also, comparisons are made between health services expenditures and the Consumer Price Index with suggestions provided for public and private hospital managers in regard to the general cost of health services. PMID:11183658

  20. Regulations and Ethical Considerations in Animal Experiments: International Laws and Islamic Perspectives

    PubMed Central

    Naderi, Mohammad Mehdi; Sarvari, Ali; Milanifar, Alireza; Boroujeni, Sara Borjian; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

    2012-01-01

    Growing usage of animals in the research projects has drawn more attention to their welfare and ethics surrounding this practice. Dissemination of information about the existing ethical consideration and alternatives in animal experiments has two important functions; first, it increases the researcher's awareness of the possible methods of using animals in the experiment, and second, to ensure that potential users are aware of the established alternatives. For example, legislations enacted in many countries during the 1980s state that laboratory animal applications should be reduced, refined and replaced wherever possible according to principles of the 3Rs. Thus, scientists around the world tried to apply the 3Rs in their biomedical researches regarding welfare of the laboratory animals. However, the Qur'an, the holy book of Muslims, and also Hadiths contain the obligatory ways to keep and treat animals since their revelations. According to Islamic viewpoint, animals represent Allah's ability and wisdom, and humans must pay attention to their health and living conditions. Several Islamic manuscripts state that animals have their own position in the creation hierarchy and humans are responsible for supplying minimal facilities and their welfare. This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to encourage providing comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments which its establishment could be beneficial for animal ethics committees or research institutes. PMID:23407588

  1. Normative lessons: codes of conduct, self-regulation and the law.

    PubMed

    Parker, Malcolm H

    2010-06-01

    Good medical practice: a code of conduct for doctors in Australia provides uniform standards to be applied in relation to complaints about doctors to the new Medical Board of Australia. The draft Code was criticised for being prescriptive. The final Code employs apparently less authoritative wording than the draft Code, but the implicit obligations it contains are no less prescriptive. Although the draft Code was thought to potentially undermine trust in doctors, and stifle professional judgement in relation to individual patients, its general obligations always allowed for flexibility of application, depending on the circumstances of individual patients. Professional codes may contain some aspirational statements, but they always contain authoritative ones, and they share this feature with legal codes. In successfully diluting the apparent prescriptivity of the draft Code, the profession has lost an opportunity to demonstrate its commitment to the raison d'etre of self-regulation - the protection of patients. Professional codes are not opportunities for reflection, consideration and debate, but are outcomes of these activities. PMID:20528720

  2. Regulations and ethical considerations in animal experiments: international laws and islamic perspectives.

    PubMed

    Naderi, Mohammad Mehdi; Sarvari, Ali; Milanifar, Alireza; Boroujeni, Sara Borjian; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

    2012-07-01

    Growing usage of animals in the research projects has drawn more attention to their welfare and ethics surrounding this practice. Dissemination of information about the existing ethical consideration and alternatives in animal experiments has two important functions; first, it increases the researcher's awareness of the possible methods of using animals in the experiment, and second, to ensure that potential users are aware of the established alternatives. For example, legislations enacted in many countries during the 1980s state that laboratory animal applications should be reduced, refined and replaced wherever possible according to principles of the 3Rs. Thus, scientists around the world tried to apply the 3Rs in their biomedical researches regarding welfare of the laboratory animals. However, the Qur'an, the holy book of Muslims, and also Hadiths contain the obligatory ways to keep and treat animals since their revelations. According to Islamic viewpoint, animals represent Allah's ability and wisdom, and humans must pay attention to their health and living conditions. Several Islamic manuscripts state that animals have their own position in the creation hierarchy and humans are responsible for supplying minimal facilities and their welfare. This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to encourage providing comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments which its establishment could be beneficial for animal ethics committees or research institutes. PMID:23407588

  3. 7 CFR 4290.508 - Compliance with non-discrimination laws and regulations applicable to federally-assisted programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the... enforce such laws: 7 CFR part 15. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance with non-discrimination laws...

  4. 7 CFR 4290.508 - Compliance with non-discrimination laws and regulations applicable to federally-assisted programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the... enforce such laws: 7 CFR part 15. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Compliance with non-discrimination laws...

  5. 7 CFR 4290.508 - Compliance with non-discrimination laws and regulations applicable to federally-assisted programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the... enforce such laws: 7 CFR part 15. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Compliance with non-discrimination laws...

  6. 7 CFR 4290.508 - Compliance with non-discrimination laws and regulations applicable to federally-assisted programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the... enforce such laws: 7 CFR part 15. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Compliance with non-discrimination laws...

  7. 7 CFR 4290.508 - Compliance with non-discrimination laws and regulations applicable to federally-assisted programs.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Managing the... enforce such laws: 7 CFR part 15. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Compliance with non-discrimination laws...

  8. Research on embryos in Turkey with ethical and legal aspects.

    PubMed

    Vatanoğlu-Lutz, Emine Elif

    2012-01-01

    Technically, the term embryo refers to the products of conception after implantation into the wall of the womb, usually nearly two weeks after fertilization, up until the eighth week. Embryos contain stem cells which, according to scientists, could be used to cure a wide range of conditions. Stem cells can be coaxed into growing cells of any other type, which makes them potentially very useful indeed. However, removing stem cells from an embryo will kill the embryo, which some people object to. From the mid 1970s, IVF was being developed and research was carried out on the spare embryos produced. This research helped to improve IVF techniques, as well as to better understand the earliest stages of human development. Research also shed light on a variety of inheritable disorders. In Turkish Law, assisted reproduction treatment (ART) services are regulated with the Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Treatment Centers Act (RAPTCA) The Regulation was issued in 1987, but it has been amended several times since. Also, article 90 of the Turkish Penal Code covers some aspects of research on embryos. At the same time, the Biomedicine Convention (Oviedo Convention), signed by Turkey and which entered into force in 2003, has binding regulations about this issue. Different legal regulations and some ethical guidelines are in conflict with each other, creating much confusion for the researchers. In this paper these conflicts are discussed, giving some practical proposals. PMID:24592037

  9. Research on embryos in Turkey with ethical and legal aspects

    PubMed Central

    Vatanoğlu-Lutz, Emine Elif

    2012-01-01

    Technically, the term embryo refers to the products of conception after implantation into the wall of the womb, usually nearly two weeks after fertilization, up until the eighth week. Embryos contain stem cells which, according to scientists, could be used to cure a wide range of conditions. Stem cells can be coaxed into growing cells of any other type, which makes them potentially very useful indeed. However, removing stem cells from an embryo will kill the embryo, which some people object to. From the mid 1970s, IVF was being developed and research was carried out on the spare embryos produced. This research helped to improve IVF techniques, as well as to better understand the earliest stages of human development. Research also shed light on a variety of inheritable disorders. In Turkish Law, assisted reproduction treatment (ART) services are regulated with the Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Treatment Centers Act (RAPTCA) The Regulation was issued in 1987, but it has been amended several times since. Also, article 90 of the Turkish Penal Code covers some aspects of research on embryos. At the same time, the Biomedicine Convention (Oviedo Convention), signed by Turkey and which entered into force in 2003, has binding regulations about this issue. Different legal regulations and some ethical guidelines are in conflict with each other, creating much confusion for the researchers. In this paper these conflicts are discussed, giving some practical proposals. PMID:24592037

  10. Distance Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruzgar, Nursel Selver

    2004-01-01

    Many countries of the world are using distance education with various ways, by INTERNET, by post and by TV. In this work, development of distance education in Turkey has been presented from the beginning. After discussing types and applications for different levels of distance education in Turkey, the distance education was given in the cultural…

  11. Adult Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miser, Rifat; Ural, Ozana; Ünlühisarýklý, Özlem

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the situation and practices of adult education in Turkey in terms of (a) participants, (b) providers, and (c) program areas. The data were derived from published statistical data and one-to-one interaction with adult education providers when such data are unavailable. Turkey has a long tradition of adult education with…

  12. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State, or local motor carrier regulations. The regulations in...

  13. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State, or local motor carrier regulations. The regulations in...

  14. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State, or local motor carrier regulations. The regulations in...

  15. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State, or local motor carrier regulations. The regulations in...

  16. 28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State, or local motor carrier regulations. The regulations in...

  17. Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows

    SciTech Connect

    McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D.

    2009-06-15

    Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Photogrammetry status in the act geodetic and cartographic law and connected regulations. (Polish Title: Status fotogrametrii w ustawie prawo geodezyjne i kartograficzne i przepisach powiazanych)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pyka, K.; Myszka, P.

    2015-12-01

    The topic of the article is the analysis of regulations referring to photogrammetry, which have been in effect since the latest amendments in the Act Geodetic and Cartographic Law were introduced. Among many new rules, the four most important for regulations for photogrammetry were selected for the analysis. The largest part of analyses deals with so-called technical standards. This regulation introduces the term: geodetic photogrammetric measurement and places identical accuracy requirements as for field measurement. However, photogrammetric measurement, in this law is treated less thoroughly than other techniques. Often in this interpretation of the regulations there are different opinions between the ones who order the measurements and those who carry them out. The article shows which regulations are not satisfactorily clear and can be interpreted in different ways. Moreover, the article refers to unsatisfactory consistency between the analysed enactments. Finally, it was stated that the regulations, despite the indicated drawbacks, allow the application of photogrammetry in surveying and there is a prospect of granting photogrammetry the rank of the operation method, especially in large projects, e.g. the update of cadastral maps and land survey maps.

  19. Principles and practices board. Issue Analysis 98-1. Compliance with laws and regulations for healthcare organizations. Healthcare Financial Management Association.

    PubMed

    1998-09-01

    This is the third Issue Analysis of HFMA's Principles and Practices (P&P) Board. The P&P Board writes an Issue Analysis in response to the need for practical information on emerging issues in healthcare financial management. An Issue Analysis is factual but not authoritative. It is not sent out for public comment and provides the healthcare industry short-term assistance on emerging issues. The purpose of P&P Board Issue Analysis 98-1, Compliance with Laws and Regulations for Healthcare Organizations, is to help healthcare financial managers understand their responsibility to implement and maintain an effective internal control system to ensure compliance with laws and regulations. PMID:10182748

  20. A stochastic regulator for integrated communication and control systems. I - Formulation of control law. II - Numerical analysis and simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liou, Luen-Woei; Ray, Asok

    1991-01-01

    A state feedback control law for integrated communication and control systems (ICCS) is formulated by using the dynamic programming and optimality principle on a finite-time horizon. The control law is derived on the basis of a stochastic model of the plant which is augmented in state space to allow for the effects of randomly varying delays in the feedback loop. A numerical procedure for synthesizing the control parameters is then presented, and the performance of the control law is evaluated by simulating the flight dynamics model of an advanced aircraft. Finally, recommendations for future work are made.

  1. 36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Code, Title 46 United States Code, and 33 CFR chapter I, 46 CFR chapter I and III and 49 CFR chapter IV... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and...

  2. Informatics in Turkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cakir, Serhat

    1994-01-01

    In the last twenty years the rapid change in the informatics sector has had economic and social impact on private and government activities. The Supreme Council for Science and Technology of Turkey assigned highest priority to the informatics in its meeting in February 1993. With this advice TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey) intends to give a strong impulse to development of a research policy in this field.

  3. Sustainability of energy and carbon capture and storage for Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpsar, Cengiz

    This study, as study herein, is intended to approach a different way to provide sustainability of energy and environment by different aspects for Turkey. This study investigates the potential of renewable energy sources in Turkey for non-emissions of GHG and elaborates on a carbon capture and storage technology by creating a roadmap for Turkey. The main purpose of this study is to make a roadmap about carbon capture and storage (CCS) for Turkey to use as it proceeds. As one of the members of International Panel of Climate Change, which signed Kyoto protocol, it must adapt its acts and regulations. In addition, this study concentrates on the sustainable energy potential of Turkey, although the study investigated only the alternative energy resources suitable for Turkey: solar, wind, geothermal, bio-energy, and hydropower. There are huge numbers of potential renewable energy sources, and given Turkey's total energy demand of 106.3 million tons equivalent petroleum in 2010, only solar potential would be able to eventually supply the total demand, but energy from the wind and hydropower are sufficient to provide partial amounts. This study might help policy makers in their decisions regarding CCS technology. Currently, there are various technical and non-technical economic and social challenges that prevent CCS from become an extensively used commercial technology. This document discusses them and presents goals for each research pathway.

  4. Development of Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy Sources in Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kentel, E.

    2011-12-01

    Electricity is mainly produced from coal, natural gas and hydropower in Turkey. However, almost all the natural gas and high quality coal are imported. Thus, increasing the shares of both hydro and other renewables in energy supply is necessary to decrease dependency of the country on foreign sources. In 2008, the total installed capacity of Turkey was around 42000 MW and 66 % of this was from thermal sources. The remaining 33 % was from hydro, which leaves only one percent for the other renewable energy sources. The share of renewable energy in the energy budget of Turkey has increased in the last two decades; however, in 2008, only 17 % of the total electricity generation was realized from renewable sources most of which was hydro. According to State Hydraulic Works (SHW) which is the primary executive state agency responsible for the planning, operating and managing of Turkey's water resources, Turkey utilizes only around 35% of its economically viable hydro potential. The current situation clearly demonstrates the need for increasing the share of renewables in the energy budget. New laws, such as the Electricity Market Law, have been enacted and the following items were identified by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of Turkey among primary energy policies and priorities: (i) decreasing dependency on foreign resources by prioritizing utilization of natural resources, (ii) increasing the share of renewable energy resources in the energy budget of Turkey; (iii) minimization of adverse environmental impacts of production and utilization of natural resources. The government's energy policy increased investments in renewable energy resources; however lack of a needed legal framework brought various environmental and social problems with this fast development. The development of the share of renewable resources in the energy budget, current government policy, and environmental concerns related with renewables, and ideas to improve the overall benefits of the use of these domestic energy sources are investigated in this study.

  5. Application of laws, policies, and guidance from the United States and Canada to the regulation of food and feed derived from genetically modified crops: interpretation of composition data.

    PubMed

    Price, William D; Underhill, Lynne

    2013-09-01

    With the development of recombinant DNA techniques for genetically modifying plants to exhibit beneficial traits, laws and regulations were adopted to ensure the safety of food and feed derived from such plants. This paper focuses on the regulation of genetically modified (GM) plants in Canada and the United States, with emphasis on the results of the compositional analysis routinely utilized as an indicator of possible unintended effects resulting from genetic modification. This work discusses the mandate of Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency as well as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's approach to regulating food and feed derived from GM plants. This work also addresses how publications by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Codex Alimentarius fit, particularly with defining the importance and purpose of compositional analysis. The importance of study design, selection of comparators, use of literature, and commercial variety reference values is also discussed. PMID:23865444

  6. The Interplay of Public Health Law and Industry Self-Regulation: The Case of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Sales in Schools

    PubMed Central

    Mello, Michelle M.; Pomeranz, Jennifer; Moran, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    It is increasingly recognized that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes to childhood obesity. Most states have adopted laws that regulate the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in school settings. However, such policies have encountered resistance from consumer and parent groups, as well as the beverage industry. The beverage industry’s recent adoption of voluntary guidelines, which call for the curtailment of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, raises the question, Is further policy intervention in this area needed, and if so, what form should it take? We examine the interplay of public and private regulation of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, by drawing on a 50-state legal and regulatory analysis and a review of industry self-regulation initiatives. PMID:17901427

  7. Turkey osteomyelitis complex.

    PubMed

    Huff, G R; Huff, W E; Rath, N C; Balog, J M

    2000-07-01

    Turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC) is defined by the US Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) to include normal-appearing processed turkey carcasses that contain lesions including green discoloration of the liver, arthritis/synovitis, soft-tissue abscesses, and osteomyelitis of the proximal tibia. The lesions are associated with many different opportunistic organisms, mainly Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, suggesting that TOC incidence may be influenced more by deficiencies in the host immune response rather than by the virulence of any one organism. This syndrome is primarily a disease of adolescent male turkeys, and birds with TOC lesions have decreased indices of cell-mediated immunity, leading to the hypothesis that defects in the immune response of individuals within flocks of male turkeys may be responsible for the occurrence of these opportunistic infections. We have developed an experimental model for this disease in which treatment with dexamethasone (DEX), either with or without air sac inoculation with Escherichia coli, produces all of the lesions associated with TOC. These studies suggest that TOC is a result of stress-induced immunosuppression in a subpopulation of male turkeys that respond to the stressors in modern poultry production in a detrimental manner. Supplemental vitamin D3 treatment protected male turkeys from the immunosuppression induced by multiple treatments with DEX and resulted in decreased incidence of mortality, TOC, green liver, and isolation of bacteria from tissues, lower air sacculitis scores, and lower heterophil to lymphocyte ratios than nonsupplemented controls. Vitamin D3 also protected BW; relative weights of the liver, heart, spleen, and bursa; and clinical chemistry values from the effects of DEX treatment. The ability of vitamin D3 supplementation to protect turkeys from the immunosuppressive effects of severe stress emphasizes its role as a prohormone that affects health and disease resistance in turkeys and suggests that variation in the vitamin D receptor genotype may be involved in this disease process. This model has potential value in the identification of other nutritional and physiological immunomodulators that can decrease TOC incidence and will provide a means for the divergent selection of birds more resistant to the stressors of turkey production. In addition, this model will provide justification for management options designed to minimize stress. PMID:10901209

  8. The Application of Non-Discrimination Law and Regulations To Collective Bargaining in Higher Education. Special Report No. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Collective Bargaining Information Service, Washington, DC.

    This document explores some of the interrelationships between the collective bargaining process and equal employment issues. The National Labor Relations Act, the federal collective bargaining statute, is the focal point of the labor law discussion because it has had significant impact on the drafting and interpretation of state labor legislation…

  9. A cross-cultural study on noise problems: Comparison of the results obtained in Japan, West Germany, the U.S.A., China and Turkey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Namba, S.; Kuwano, S.; Schick, A.; Açlar, A.; Florentine, M.; Da Rui, Zheng

    1991-12-01

    Neighborhood noise has become a serious problem in many countries, and it is difficult to regulate by physical means alone. A cross-cultural survey was conducted in five countries, Japan, West Germany, the United States, China and Turkey, among residents of apartment houses in order to examine the cultural differences involved. Interesting differences were found in preferred countermeasures, highly annoying sounds, attitudes against noise, expectations for laws, etc. The use of loudspeakers in public places was accepted in all five countries, provided that they were used for conveying necessary information. The results suggest that it is important to take cultural or social backgrounds into consideration in order to find suitable countermeasures.

  10. Higher Education Reform in Turkey--The University in the Service of the Community: Results after Three Years of Application.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dogramaci, Ihsan

    1984-01-01

    Turkey's higher education reform law of 1981, its background, the immediate response to its implications for institutional autonomy and academic freedom, and the changes and progress made since its implementation are outlined and discussed. (MSE)

  11. A Universal, Turbulence-regulated Star Formation Law: From Milky Way Clouds to High-redshift Disk and Starburst Galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salim, Diane M.; Federrath, Christoph; Kewley, Lisa J.

    2015-06-01

    While the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes that determine the SFR remain unclear. This uncertainty about the underlying physics has resulted in various different star formation (SF) laws, all having substantial intrinsic scatter. Extending upon previous works that define the column density of star formation ({{{Σ }}}{SFR}) by the gas column density ({{{Σ }}}{gas}), we develop a new universal SF law based on the multi-freefall prescription of gas. This new SF law relies predominantly on the probability density function and on the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in the star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the SFR correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time, whereas previous models had used the average, single-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of this maximum possible SFR, confirming the observed low efficiency of SF. We show that placing observations in this new framework ({{{Σ }}}{SFR} versus MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter {R}2=0.97. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kiloparsec-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  12. A universal, turbulence-regulated star formation law: from Milky Way clouds to high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Federrath, Christoph; Salim, Diane; Kewley, Lisa

    2015-08-01

    Whilst the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes which determine the SFR remain unclear. This uncertainty about the underlying physics has resulted in various different star formation laws, all having substantial intrinsic scatter. Extending upon previous works that define the column density of star formation (ΣSFR) by the gas column density (Σgas), we develop a new universal star formation (SF) law based on the multi-freefall prescription of gas. This new SF law relies predominantly on the probability density function (PDF) and on the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in the star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the star formation rate (SFR) correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time, whereas previous models had used the average, single-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of this maximum possible SFR, confirming the observed low efficiency of star formation. We show that placing observations in this new framework (ΣSFR vs. MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter R2 = 0.97. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kpc-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  13. Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thaw, David Bernard

    2011-01-01

    Current scholarly understanding of information security regulation in the United States is limited. Several competing mechanisms exist, many of which are untested in the courts and before state regulators, and new mechanisms are being proposed on a regular basis. Perhaps of even greater concern, the pace at which technology and threats change far…

  14. History of forensic medicine in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Oguz, Polat; Cem, Uysal

    2009-05-01

    Turkey has a short history of forensic medicine compared to the developed countries. Sultan Mahmud II established the first medical school of the Ottoman Empire named as Mekteb-i Tibbiye-i Sahane to provide health services to the army in 1839 [Gok S. Tomorrow, today and yesterday of the forensic medicine. 1st ed. Istanbul: Temel printing office; 1995]. It is also accepted as an important milestone of both medical education and forensic medicine in Turkey [Gok S and Ozen C. History and organization of forensic. 1st ed. Istanbul: Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical School Publications; 1982]. The first lecturer of forensic medicine at Mekteb-i Tibbiye-i Sahane was Dr. Charles Ambroise Bernard (C.A.). and he was also the first to perform autopsy in the history of Ottoman Empire [Gok, 1995]. Approximately 40 years after the first forensic medicine lecture in 1879, the Department of Medical Jurisprudence was established as a division of Zabita Tababet-i Adliye (Law Enforcement Office) in Istanbul [Sehsuvaroğlu and Ozen. History and development of forensic medicine in the world and in our country. Mag Istanbul Univ Med Fac 1974;36(60)]. This paper documents the first two cases of autopsies performed in Turkey with the original papers from the National Library. PMID:19152790

  15. Feather the Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1996

    1996-01-01

    Presents a cut-and-paste turkey puzzle for students to use that combines the use of card or automated catalog records with the Thanksgiving theme. Students are given Thanksgiving topics and asked to find subjects, titles, authors, or keywords in order to assemble the puzzle. (LRW)

  16. Country Profiles, Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Lewis S.

    A profile of Turkey is sketched in this paper. Emphasis is placed on the nature, scope, and accomplishments of population activities in the country. Topics and sub-topics include: location and description of the country; population (size, growth patterns, age structure, urban/rural distribution, ethnic and religious composition, migration,…

  17. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eres, Figen

    2010-01-01

    The quality and the prevalence of education are the major indicators of the development of a society. It is a kind of human right to every person living in the society to be educated in a sufficient way. The education of the disabled people, a social reality in Turkey, is not sufficiently carried out. This paper aims at the education of the…

  18. Special Education in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

    2009-01-01

    Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

  19. Cloning Creationism in Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edis, Taner

    1999-01-01

    Defines how political balances and changes in Turkey effect creation-evolution relation. Describes the influences of Bilim Arastirma Vakfi (BAV) on these changes, which are directly targeted to public education, and discusses the content of creationism. Questions why Islamic creationism is a copy of that of the Institute for Creation Research…

  20. Educational Reform in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksit, Necmi

    2007-01-01

    There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

  1. Osteomyelitis in turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC) is a condition in which apparently healthy, usually male birds have infections that are hidden in their bones, joints, and muscles. Some of these birds have a green liver, which provides a method for detecting these carcasses in the processing plant. Our research h...

  2. Cloning Creationism in Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edis, Taner

    1999-01-01

    Defines how political balances and changes in Turkey effect creation-evolution relation. Describes the influences of Bilim Arastirma Vakfi (BAV) on these changes, which are directly targeted to public education, and discusses the content of creationism. Questions why Islamic creationism is a copy of that of the Institute for Creation Research

  3. Cryptosporidiosis and turkey viral hepatitis in turkeys.

    PubMed

    Wages, D P; Ficken, M D

    1989-01-01

    Cryptosporidiosis and turkey viral hepatitis were diagnosed in 25-day-old turkeys with increased mortality, enteritis, and stunting. Necropsy lesions included foul-smelling, tan-colored, loose feces in the terminal small intestines and ceca. The small intestines and ceca were congested. Multiple white to gray foci were present in the liver and pancreas. Mortality attributed to these conditions was estimated at 4.9%. Microscopic lesions included necrosis with accumulations of macrophages in the liver and pancreas. Bile-duct hyperplasia was present in the livers. Microscopic intestinal lesions consisted of mild to moderate atrophy of the villi of the distal small intestine (ileo-cecal junction) with infiltration of the lamina propria by mononuclear cells. Cryptosporidia were identified and appeared to be attached to villous epithelial cells of the terminal small intestines. Cryptosporidium sp. oocysts were also confirmed by fluorescent microscopic examination of feces stained auramine O. Reovirus was isolated on chicken embryo liver cells from affected livers. PMID:2930401

  4. Assisted suicide: Models of legal regulation in selected European countries and the case law of the European Court of Human Rights.

    PubMed

    Grosse, Claudia; Grosse, Alexandra

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents three different models of the legal regulation of assisted suicide in European countries. First, the current legal regime governing assisted suicide in the Netherlands is described where both euthanasia and assisted suicide have been legalised. This section also includes some empirical data on euthanasia and assisted-suicide practices in the Netherlands, as well as a comparison with the current legal legislation in Belgium and Luxembourg. Next, Switzerland is presented as a country where euthanasia is punishable by law but assisted suicide is legally allowed, provided it is not carried out with selfish motives. This section also focuses on the assisted-suicide-related case law of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court and the European Court of Human Rights. Last, the current legal situation regarding assisted suicide in Austria and Germany is described. While the Austrian Penal Code explicitly prohibits assisted suicide, assistance with suicide is not specifically regulated by the German Penal Code. However, medical doctors are not allowed to assist suicides according to the professional codes of conduct drawn up by the German medical associations under the supervision of the health authorities. PMID:25143341

  5. Scaling laws for magnetic reconnection, set by regulation of the electron pressure anisotropy to the firehose threshold

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohia, O.; Egedal, J.; Lukin, V. S.; Daughton, W.; Le, A.

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic reconnection in a weakly collisional plasma, such as in the Earth's magnetosphere, is known to be accompanied by electron pressure anisotropy. For reconnection scenarios including moderate guide magnetic field, electrons are magnetized throughout the reconnection region, and the anisotropy drives extended electron current layers. Along these layers, the anisotropy nears the firehose threshold. We describe how the anisotropy stagnates at this threshold by a mechanism that does not involve pitch-angle mixing. Using previously established anisotropic equations of state and by imposing the marginal firehose condition, scaling laws are obtained for quantities along the current layers as functions of plasma parameters upstream of the reconnection region. The predicted reconnection region quantities include the magnetic field strength, plasma density, and the parallel and perpendicular electron pressures, allowing for a characterization of electron energization solely as a function of the upstream plasma conditions. This characterization is in agreement with simulations and spacecraft observations.

  6. A universal, turbulence-regulated star formation law: from Milky Way clouds to high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malinda Salim, Diane; Federrath, Christoph; Kewley, Lisa

    2015-08-01

    Whilst the star formation rate (SFR) of molecular clouds and galaxies is key in understanding galaxy evolution, the physical processes that determine the SFR remain unclear, with significant intrinsic scatter arising from previous approaches at describing its functional dependencies. In lieu of this, we extend upon preceding parameterisations which had defined the column density of star formation, ΣSFR by either the gas column density Σgas or the ratio between Σgas and the average, single-freefall time. We develop a new universal star formation (SF) law that relies predominantly on the probability density function (PDF) and the sonic Mach number of the turbulence in star-forming clouds. By doing so we derive a relation where the SFR correlates with the molecular gas mass per multi-freefall time. We define a new quantity called maximum (multi-freefall) gas consumption rate (MGCR) and show that the actual SFR is only about 0.4% of the MGCR, confirming the observed low efficiency of star formation. We show that placing observations in this new framework (ΣSFR vs. MGCR) yields a significantly improved correlation with 3-4 times reduced scatter compared to previous SF laws and a goodness-of-fit parameter R2=0.97, close to a perfect fit of R2=1. By inverting our new relationship, we provide sonic Mach number predictions for kpc-scale observations of Local Group galaxies as well as unresolved observations of local and high-redshift disk and starburst galaxies that do not have independent, reliable estimates for the turbulent cloud Mach number.

  7. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... to interstate commerce (i.e., rules identical to the FMCSRs and HMRs) and intrastate commerce (i.e... regulations pertaining to intrastate commerce and receiving 50 percent of their basic formula allocation on... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  8. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... to interstate commerce (i.e., rules identical to the FMCSRs and HMRs) and intrastate commerce (i.e... regulations pertaining to intrastate commerce and receiving 50 percent of their basic formula allocation on... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  9. 49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... to interstate commerce (i.e., rules identical to the FMCSRs and HMRs) and intrastate commerce (i.e... regulations pertaining to intrastate commerce and receiving 50 percent of their basic formula allocation on... enforcement practice pertaining to CMV safety, in either interstate or intrastate commerce, is...

  10. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  11. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  12. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  13. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  14. 49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be considered compatible? States are not required to adopt 49 CFR parts 398 and 399, subparts A... carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs and still be...

  15. [Suicide in Turkey].

    PubMed

    Koc, I; Albayrak, F

    1993-01-01

    "This paper mainly deals with the socio-demographic characteristics and sex differentials of persons [committing] suicide [in Turkey] on the basis of the 1990 Suicide Statistics.... Causes of suicide and suicide methods are also [discussed].... There is a strong relationship between socio-demographic factors, such as urbanization, aging and household patterns and suicide rates." The impact of sex roles and socialization is considered. (SUMMARY IN ENG) PMID:12159425

  16. Decree-Law No. 1/007 setting forth regulations on the entry, stay, and establishment of Foreigners in Burundi and their removal, 20 March 1989.

    PubMed

    1989-01-01

    In 1989, Burundi issued a decree-law setting out the regulations governing the entry, residency, and establishment of foreigners in the country as well as their removal. The decree-law also established a Consultative Commission on Foreigners to rule on such cases. Proper travel documents are required to enter the country, and foreigners may stay for up to three months if they have sufficient means of support. Foreigners may not enter the country if they have been expelled, have been convicted of an extraditable crime, are mentally ill, have a contagious disease, desire to engage in activity against national security, or constitute a danger to national security. Residency may be established with proper documentation, including a medical statement certifying that they are not mentally ill and have no contagious disease. Foreigners seeking residency must also deposit a sum in an approved bank to cover the cost of repatriation. A request for refugee status must be made to the Minister of the Interior within eight days of arrival in Burundi. If the request is refused, the petitioner must leave the country within 30 days. Employing or otherwise aiding foreigners not authorized to establish themselves in Burundi will result in a term of imprisonment of three months to three years and/or a fine. PMID:12344181

  17. Leishmaniasis in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Ok, U Z; Balcioğlu, I C; Taylan Ozkan, A; Ozensoy, S; Ozbel, Y

    2002-10-01

    Leishmaniases are widespread in most countries in the Mediterranean basin, including Turkey. Two forms are observed in Turkey; Leishmania infantum is responsible from visceral leishmaniasis (VL), and L. tropica causes cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Phlebotomus sergenti, P. papatasi, P. major and P. syriacus are considered to be the probable vectors, and dogs are the main reservoir of L. infantum, while P. sergenti is the main suspected vector of L. tropica.VL is sporadically seen mainly in the Aegean, Mediterranean, and Central Anatolia Regions, but CL is endemic, especially in the Southeastern and Mediterranean Regions. Major touristic sites are free of both infections, and no infection is reported in any tourist. Mean number of annual VL and CL cases reported to Ministry of Health are 40 and 1,204, respectively, in the last four years. These data suggest that both VL and CL represent a public health problem in Turkey, but a decline is observed in the number of cases with both infections in recent years. PMID:12387909

  18. Greece and Turkey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Summer is in full swing in this stunning true-color image of the southeastern European countries and Turkey captured by MODIS on June 29, 2002. Clockwise from left, the mountains of Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Turkey are swathed in brilliant greens and shades of golden brown; meanwhile (counterclockwise from left) the Ionian, Mediterranean, Aegean, and Black Seas are beautifully blue and green.Running diagonally across the image from the bottom middle to the top right is a gray streak that is caused by the angle of reflection of the sun on the water (called sun glint). The darker areas within this gray swath denote calmer water, and make visible currents that would not otherwise be noticeable.Surprisingly few fires were burning hot enough to be detectable by MODIS when this image was acquired during the height of the summer dry season. A single fire is visible burning in mainland Greece, six are visible in northwestern Turkey, and one burns on the western coast (marked with red outlines). Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

  19. Hepatic Transcriptome Responses of Domesticated and Wild Turkey Embryos to Aflatoxin B₁.

    PubMed

    Monson, Melissa S; Cardona, Carol J; Coulombe, Roger A; Reed, Kent M

    2016-01-01

    The mycotoxin, aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁) is a hepatotoxic, immunotoxic, and mutagenic contaminant of food and animal feeds. In poultry, AFB₁ can be maternally transferred to embryonated eggs, affecting development, viability and performance after hatch. Domesticated turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) are especially sensitive to aflatoxicosis, while Eastern wild turkeys (M. g. silvestris) are likely more resistant. In ovo exposure provided a controlled AFB₁ challenge and comparison of domesticated and wild turkeys. Gene expression responses to AFB₁ in the embryonic hepatic transcriptome were examined using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Eggs were injected with AFB₁ (1 μg) or sham control and dissected for liver tissue after 1 day or 5 days of exposure. Libraries from domesticated turkey (n = 24) and wild turkey (n = 15) produced 89.2 Gb of sequence. Approximately 670 M reads were mapped to a turkey gene set. Differential expression analysis identified 1535 significant genes with |log₂ fold change| ≥ 1.0 in at least one pair-wise comparison. AFB₁ effects were dependent on exposure time and turkey type, occurred more rapidly in domesticated turkeys, and led to notable up-regulation in cell cycle regulators, NRF2-mediated response genes and coagulation factors. Further investigation of NRF2-response genes may identify targets to improve poultry resistance. PMID:26751476

  20. Hepatic Transcriptome Responses of Domesticated and Wild Turkey Embryos to Aflatoxin B1

    PubMed Central

    Monson, Melissa S.; Cardona, Carol J.; Coulombe, Roger A.; Reed, Kent M.

    2016-01-01

    The mycotoxin, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a hepatotoxic, immunotoxic, and mutagenic contaminant of food and animal feeds. In poultry, AFB1 can be maternally transferred to embryonated eggs, affecting development, viability and performance after hatch. Domesticated turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) are especially sensitive to aflatoxicosis, while Eastern wild turkeys (M. g. silvestris) are likely more resistant. In ovo exposure provided a controlled AFB1 challenge and comparison of domesticated and wild turkeys. Gene expression responses to AFB1 in the embryonic hepatic transcriptome were examined using RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq). Eggs were injected with AFB1 (1 μg) or sham control and dissected for liver tissue after 1 day or 5 days of exposure. Libraries from domesticated turkey (n = 24) and wild turkey (n = 15) produced 89.2 Gb of sequence. Approximately 670 M reads were mapped to a turkey gene set. Differential expression analysis identified 1535 significant genes with |log2 fold change| ≥ 1.0 in at least one pair-wise comparison. AFB1 effects were dependent on exposure time and turkey type, occurred more rapidly in domesticated turkeys, and led to notable up-regulation in cell cycle regulators, NRF2-mediated response genes and coagulation factors. Further investigation of NRF2-response genes may identify targets to improve poultry resistance. PMID:26751476

  1. Accuracy of drug advertisements in medical journals under new law regulating the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Switzerland

    PubMed Central

    Santiago, Macarena Gonzalez; Bucher, Heiner C; Nordmann, Alain J

    2008-01-01

    Background New legal regulations for the marketing of pharmaceutical products were introduced in 2002 in Switzerland. We investigated whether claims in drug advertisements citing published scientific studies were justified by these studies after the introduction of these new regulations. Methods In this cross-sectional study, two independent reviewers screened all issues of six major Swiss medical journals published in the year 2005 to identify all drug advertisements for analgesic, gastrointestinal and psychopharmacologic drugs and evaluated all drug advertisements referring to at least one publication. The pharmaceutical claim was rated as being supported, being based on a potentially biased study or not to be supported by the cited study according to pre-specified criteria. We also explored factors likely to be associated with supported advertisement claims. Results Of 2068 advertisements 577 (28%) promoted analgesic, psychopharmacologic or gastrointestinal drugs. Among them were 323 (56%) advertisements citing at least one reference. After excluding multiple publications of the same drug advertisement and advertisements with non-informative references, there remained 29 unique advertisements with at least one reference to a scientific study. These 29 advertisements contained 78 distinct pairs of claims of analgesic, gastrointestinal and psychopharmacologic drugs and referenced studies. Thirty-seven (47%) claims were supported, 16 (21%) claims were not supported by the corresponding reference, and 25 (32%) claims were based on potentially biased evidence, with no relevant differences between drug groups. Studies with conflict of interest and studies stating industry funding were more likely to support the corresponding claim (RR 1.52, 95% CI 1.07–2.17 and RR 1.50, 95% CI 0.98–2.28) than studies without identified conflict of interest and studies without information on type of funding. Conclusion Following the introduction of new regulations for drug advertisement in Switzerland, 53% of all assessed pharmaceutical claims published in major medical journals are not supported by the cited referenced studies or based on potentially biased study information. In light of the discrepancy between the new legislation and the endorsement of these regulations, physicians should not trust drug advertisement claims even when they seem to refer to scientific studies. PMID:19117521

  2. Refugee movements and Turkey.

    PubMed

    Kirisci, K

    1991-12-01

    There has been a long tradition in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic of receiving refugees. There were Jewish refugees from the Spanish Inquisition, Hungarians and Poles fleeing revolts in 1848-9, and those of Turkish descent and usually from the Balkans. Concurrent with this trend is the history of refugees and immigrants leaving Turkey, such as many Armenians, Greeks and Jews leaving at the turn of the century, and after 1923 and the Treaty of Lausanne. Little is currently published on the topic. This article defines a refugee; provides an overview of the refugee problems of the 1980's due to Bulgarian, Kurdish, and Turkish refugees; and the legal and political aspects. As a country of origin, there is discussion of the political and economic aspects of Turkish asylum seekers in Europe. The potential refugee flows to and from Turkey are also examined. I) For this study, refugees are victims of political violence and are persecuted for political or religious beliefs, ethnic or racial background, or war. In Turkey, there are national refugees, international refugees outside the Convention, and UNHCR Convention refugees. During the 1980's all 3 groups were arriving: from eastern Europe, Iranian Kurds, Iraqis, and ethnic Turks from Bulgaria and Afghanistan. The Turkish restricted acceptance of the 1951 Convention on Refugees creates serious humanitarian and security consequences for refugees other than those from eastern Europe and of Turkish ethnicity. Political considerations play an important role in treatment where security threats outweigh humanitarian need. The case is given for Kurdish refugees. II) Asylum seekers from Turkey in Western Europe was determined between 1986-90 to be 185,000 from applications. These figures have risen steadily due to the political instability and military activity of areas bordering Iraq and Syria, the Emergency Region. In addition there are economic and employment problems, and there has been a suspension of human rights. Europe in return has tightened legislation and procedures to differentiate economically motivated refugees from authentic political asylum seekers. Further research is needed to investigate refugee problems. Further refugees may come due to the promotion of a Black Sea Cooperation Region and easier crossings of borders to the former Soviet Republics. Ethnic Turks in Moldavia or Romania or Bulgaria may leave due to unrest. Factors affecting asylum seekers are improvements in Turkey's human rights record, repeal of bans of the Kurdish language, completion of the South Eastern Development Project, and the European government policy on asylum. PMID:12285110

  3. Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klassen, Robert M.; Kuzucu, Elcin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self-efficacy for self-regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic…

  4. Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klassen, Robert M.; Kuzucu, Elcin

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self-efficacy for self-regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic

  5. Law and the Physical Educator.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

    1982-01-01

    Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)

  6. Higher Education and the Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Harry T.; Nordin, Virginia Davis

    The proliferation of laws, regulations, and judicial opinions affecting higher education and the nature of the impact of these laws on the academic community are examined. Designed for use by both students and practitioners, the book employs the "case method" design based on the belief that law cases furnish the best sources for study and review…

  7. Recent activity in Turkey.

    PubMed

    1987-01-01

    The role of Pathfinder grants to recent family planning projects led by business and labor in Turkey is described. Pathfinder funded a major portion of the Turkish Family Planning and Health Foundation, a grant agency set up to complement government programs. One current project is a survey of family planning needs of squatter communities. The Foundation's founder established a factory-based family planning clinic, aided by Pathfinder, now self-supporting. The Turkish TURK-IS Labor Federation has supported several other worksite clinics, and has placed family planning among its top priorities. Pathfinder supported development of their population policy statement. Turkey has only recently passed progressive family planning legislation and permitted significant private sector activities. The population of 52 million is growing at 2.8%. Unemployment is high; per capita income is $1160. The government's goals are to reduce fertility from 4.3 to 2.5 children per woman and increase contraceptive prevalence from 20% to 60% by the year 2000. PMID:12179678

  8. EPA's Implementation of Laws Regulating Asbestos Hazards in Schools and in the Air. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    A hearing was held by the Subcommittee on Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of laws regulating asbestos hazards in schools and in the air. Presented are testimony as well as letters and statements submitted for the record by leading authorities in the area including: (1) James…

  9. Limit laws for Zipf's law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eliazar, Iddo

    2011-01-01

    In this communication we establish stochastic limit laws leading from Zipf's law to Pareto's and Heaps' laws. We consider finite ensembles governed by Zipf's law and study their asymptotic statistics as the ensemble size tends to infinity. A Lorenz-curve analysis establishes three types of limit laws for the ensembles' statistical structure: 'communist', 'monarchic', and Paretian. Further considering a dynamic setting in which the ensembles grow stochastically in time, a functional central limit theorem analysis establishes a Gaussian approximation for the ensembles' stochastic growth. The Gaussian approximation provides a generalized and corrected formulation of Heaps' law.

  10. UN adopts Law of Sea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    After more than 8 years of diplomatic wrangling, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted on April 30 by a vote of 130 to 4. The United States, Israel, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against the treaty; 17 nations—including the Soviet Union, West Germany, and Britain—abstained.The treaty, which would give nations the exclusive rights to natural resources in the continental shelf up to approximately 650 km offshore, will be signed in December. The treaty becomes effective 1 year after at least 60 nations ratify it.

  11. Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG): a collaboration of scientists, law enforcement officials, and regulators working to combat nuclear terrorism and proliferation

    SciTech Connect

    Schwantes, Jon M.

    2013-10-25

    Founded in 1996 upon the initiative of the “Group of 8” governments (G8), the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) is an ad hoc organization of official Nuclear Forensics practitioners (scientists, law enforcement, and regulators) that can be called upon to provide technical assistance to the global community in the event of a seizure of nuclear or radiological materials. The ITWG is supported by and is affiliated with nearly 40 countries and international partner organizations including the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), EURATOM, INTERPOL, EUROPOL, and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) (Figure 1). Besides providing a network of nuclear forensics laboratories that are able to assist the global community during a nuclear smuggling event, the ITWG is also committed to the advancement of the science of nuclear forensic analysis, largely through participation in periodic table top and Collaborative Materials Exercises (CMXs). Exercise scenarios use “real world” samples with realistic forensics investigation time constraints and reporting requirements. These exercises are designed to promote best practices in the field and test, evaluate, and improve new technical capabilities, methods and techniques in order to advance the science of nuclear forensics. Past efforts to advance nuclear forensic science have also included scenarios that asked laboratories to adapt conventional forensics methods (e.g. DNA, fingerprints, tool marks, and document comparisons) for collecting and preserving evidence comingled with radioactive materials.

  12. Network security vulnerabilities and personal privacy issues in Healthcare Information Systems: a case study in a private hospital in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Namoğlu, Nihan; Ulgen, Yekta

    2013-01-01

    Healthcare industry has become widely dependent on information technology and internet as it moves from paper to electronic records. Healthcare Information System has to provide a high quality service to patients and a productive knowledge share between healthcare staff by means of patient data. With the internet being commonly used across hospitals, healthcare industry got its own share from cyber threats like other industries in the world. The challenge is allowing knowledge transfer to hospital staff while still ensuring compliance with security mandates. Working in collaboration with a private hospital in Turkey; this study aims to reveal the essential elements of a 21st century business continuity plan for hospitals while presenting the security vulnerabilities in the current hospital information systems and personal privacy auditing standards proposed by regulations and laws. We will survey the accreditation criteria in Turkey and counterparts in US and EU. We will also interview with medical staff in the hospital to understand the needs for personal privacy and the technical staff to perceive the technical requirements in terms of network security configuration and deployment. As hospitals are adopting electronic transactions, it should be considered a must to protect these electronic health records in terms of personal privacy aspects. PMID:23823398

  13. The role of the public sector in the provision of housing supply in Turkey, 1950–2009.

    PubMed

    Özdemir, Dilek

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the changing role of the public sector in Turkey with regard to housing provision since 1950, and particularly since 2000, and seeks to clarify how public intervention has affected housing provision and urban development dynamics in major cities. Three periods may be identified, with central government acting as a regulator in a first period characterized by a ‘housing boom’. During the second period, from 1980 to 2000, a new mass housing law spurred construction activity, although the main beneficiaries of the housing fund tended to be the middle classes. After 2000, contrary to emerging trends in both Northern and Southern European countries, the public sector in Turkey became actively involved in housing provision. During this process, new housing estates were created on greenfield sites on the outskirts of cities, instead of efforts being made to rehabilitate, restore or renew existing housing stock in the cities. Meanwhile, the concept of ‘urban regeneration’ has been opportunistically incorporated into the planning agenda of the public sector, and — under the pretext of regenerating squatter housing areas — existing residents have been moved out, while channels for community participation have been bypassed. PMID:22175087

  14. Mapping the Tobacco Retailers in Edirne, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Karlıkaya, Celal; İnce, Hüseyin; Özkan, Nurcan

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The youth smoking rate is on the rise in Turkey. Although many marketing bans have been effectively implemented, regulations related to retail tobacco outlets have gone unnoticed and have not been effectively supervised. In this study, we aimed to show the lack of legal regulation related to the high retail tobacco outlet density with displays. Material and Methods: In the center of Edirne, the marketing environment, numbers and geographical distribution of retail tobacco outlets were documented and mapped with geographical positions. Results: There were 569 retail tobacco points of sale in 520 stores. We calculated one tobacco retail outlet per 270 people. This retail outlet density rate is above the national average and about four times higher than the density in Istanbul. Products especially attracting children, such as chocolate, sweet candy and chewing gum, were set up near the tobacco stands and were easy for children to recognize and reach. It can be seen on the city map that 47% of retail tobacco outlets are within 100 m of education, health or sport facilities. Conclusion: We concluded that one of the reasons for the increasing prevalence of cigarette use, especially among adolescents in Turkey, is deregulation of the retail tobacco marketing industry as a result of the privatization process of the national tobacco monopoly. Using mapping techniques can be useful in terms of controlling the retail marketing environment. PMID:25207039

  15. 12 CFR 213.9 - Relation to state laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relation to state laws. 213.9 Section 213.9... LEASING (REGULATION M) § 213.9 Relation to state laws. (a) Inconsistent state law. A state law that is... a lessor cannot comply with a state law without violating a provision of this part, the state law...

  16. The Transition from School to Work: A Study of Laws, Regulations and Practices Restricting Work Experience and Employment Opportunities for Youth. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delaney, William

    Factors affecting the nonagricultural employment of youth are examined in the research study. Chapters in the report discuss a brief history of child labor laws in the United States; the links between the economy and the social goals of society and how child labor laws reflect and yet sometimes contradict economic realities; the economics of the…

  17. General order prescribing rules and regulations governing the conservation of oil and gas in Alabama and oil and gas laws of Alabama with Oil and Gas Board forms

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    The Alabama Legislature enacted the first oil and gas statute for the state in 1911. Since that time, the Alabama Legislature has periodically revised and amended the State's oil and gas laws. The current Alabama statutory law concerning oil and gas is set forth in this publication.

  18. A clash of civilizations? Examining liberal-democratic values in Turkey and the European Union.

    PubMed

    Dixon, Jeffrey C

    2008-12-01

    Turkey's proposed entry into the European Union (EU) has been undermined by Europeans' perceptions of Turkish-European cultural differences, particularly regarding the liberal-democratic values that the EU promotes (democracy, rule of law, and respect for and appreciation of minority/human rights). Yet, cross-national research on values has not focused on Turkey, the EU, and these liberal-democratic values, leaving assumptions of cultural differences and their explanations untested. Through analyses of World and European Values Survey data (1999-2002), this article asks whether people in Turkey have the same values regarding democracy, rule of law (versus religious and authoritarian rule), and minority/human rights as people in EU member and candidate states (as of 2000)? What factors explain these values? I find that people in Turkey support democracy to the same extent as people in EU member and candidate states, but people in Turkey are more supportive of religious and authoritarian rule and are less tolerant of minorities. Although the 'clash of civilizations' thesis expects liberal values to be ordered according to countries' religious traditions, with western Christian the most supportive and Islamic the least, only for tolerance of minorities values is this pattern found. Instead, economic development most consistently explains differences between Turkey and EU member and candidate states in support for these values. I conclude with calls for theoretical refinement, particularly of the clash of civilizations thesis, along with suggestions for future research to examine more Muslim and Orthodox countries; I discuss the debate over Turkey's EU entry. PMID:19035918

  19. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  20. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  1. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  2. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  3. 44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY... abolish any other Federal laws or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather...

  4. Turkey: Reviews of National Policies for Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).

    The first of three parts of this review of Turkey's educational system and national educational policies, the examiner's report, begins by singling out essential features of modern Turkey that affect the provision of education and to which the system is having to respond. These include Turkey's unique geographic situation, its continuing devotion…

  5. Time's Up, Turkey--Pop-Up Thermometers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an example of how engineering solved a common, everyday problem. The following 5E learning cycle

  6. Tumorous diseases of turkeys - an update

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This update is primarily focused on addressing various aspects of virus-induced tumorous diseases of turkeys including review of current methods for diagnosis and control of these diseases of turkeys. Virus-induced tumorous diseases of turkeys are caused primarily by retroviruses, namely reticuloend...

  7. An overview of tumorous diseases of turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This overview is primarily aimed at addressing various aspects of virus-induced tumorous diseases of turkeys including review of current methods for diagnosis and control of these diseases of turkeys. Virus-induced tumorous diseases of turkeys are caused primarily by retroviruses, namely reticuloend...

  8. Time's Up, Turkey--Pop-Up Thermometers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an example of how engineering solved a common, everyday problem. The following 5E learning cycle…

  9. Life Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selim, Sibel

    2008-01-01

    This research aims to investigate life satisfaction and happiness in Turkey. It extends the previous researches on subjective well-being (SWB) for Turkey by considering both happiness and life satisfaction. The previous researches for Turkey are local studies, and their findings cannot be generalized to the population of Turkish society. Given…

  10. Autopsy evaluation of coal mining deaths in the city of Zonguldak, Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Ozer, Erdal; Yilmaz, Riza; Evcuman, Durmus; Yildirim, Ali; Cetin, Ilhan; Kocak, Ugur; Ergen, Kivanc

    2014-01-01

    Background In this study, our aim was to evaluate the fatal occupational accidents that occurred in Zonguldak coal mines between the years 2005–2008. Material/Methods We retrospectively evaluated 42 fatal coal mine occupational accidents in Zonguldak (Turkey) between the years 2005–2008. The forensic records of autopsies referred to the chief prosecutors’ office during 2005–2008 were reviewed retrospectively. There were 42 cases. The cases were evaluated with respect to age, mechanism of injury, body region of wound, cause of death, and legality of the mine. Results Ages of the deceased ranged between 17 and 52 (median: 32.9 yrs). Deaths were mostly in the 21–30 (35.8%), and 31–40 (30.9%) age groups. Only 1 case was younger than 18 years of age. Review of occupational fatalities has revealed that fatal accidents occurred mostly (76.2%) in the private, and fewer (23.8%) in the public mining enterprises. Crime scene investigation findings have demonstrated that of all occupational deaths (total n=42), 27 (64.3%) were due to subsidence, followed by methane gas poisoning (n=6, 14.2%), tram crash (n=3, 7.1%), log falls (n=2, 4.8%), electrocution (n=2, 4.8%), and methane explosion (n=2, 4.8%). Conclusions Despite laws and regulations concerning mining and because of problems in their implementation, Turkey leads the world in work-related accidents, occupational injuries, and deaths. Evaluation of autopsy findings of deaths in fatal occupational accidents occurring in coal mines is quite important in planning to decrease rates of occupational fatalities. PMID:24643126

  11. Turkey. Health system review.

    PubMed

    Tatar, Mehtap; Mollahaliloğlu, Salih; Sahin, Bayram; Aydin, Sabahattin; Maresso, Anna; Hernández-Quevedo, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Turkey has accomplished remarkable improvements in terms of health status in the last three decades, particularly after the implementation of the Health Transformation Program (HTP (Saglikta Donus, um Programi)). Average life expectancy reached 71.8 for men and 76.8 for women in 2010. The infant mortality rate (IMR) decreased to 10.1 per 1000 live births in 2010, down from 117.5 in 1980. Despite these achievements, there are still discrepancies in terms of infant mortality between rural and urban areas and different parts of the country, although these have been diminishing over the years. The higher infant mortality rates in rural areas can be attributed to low socioeconomic conditions, low female education levels and the prevalence of infectious diseases. The main causes of death are diseases of the circulatory system followed by malignant neoplasms. Turkeys health care system has been undergoing a far-reaching reform process (HTP) since 2003 and radical changes have occurred both in the provision and the financing of health care services. Health services are now financed through a social security scheme covering the majority of the population, the General Health Insurance Scheme (GHIS (Genel Saglik Sigortasi)), and services are provided both by public and private sector facilities. The Social Security Institution (SSI (Sosyal Guvenlik Kurumu)), financed through payments by employers and employees and government contributions in cases of budget deficit, has become a monopsonic (single buyer) power on the purchasing side of health care services. On the provision side, the Ministry of Health (Saglik Bakenligi) is the main actor and provides primary, secondary and tertiary care through its facilities across the country. Universities are also major providers of tertiary care. The private sector has increased its range over recent years, particularly after arrangements paved the way for private sector provision of services to the SSI. The most important reforms since 2003 have been improvements in citizens health status, the introduction of the GHIS, the instigation of a purchaser provider split in the health care system, the introduction of a family practitioner scheme nationwide, the introduction of a performance-based payment system in Ministry of Health hospitals, and transferring the ownership of the majority of public hospitals to the Ministry of Health. Future challenges for the Turkish health care system include, reorganizing and enforcing a referral system from primary to higher levels of care, improving the supply of health care staff, introducing and extending public hospital governance structures that aim to grant autonomous status to public hospitals, and further improving patient rights. PMID:22455830

  12. Law 302.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

  13. Space Law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hermida, Julian

    2006-01-01

    This chapter examines the salient characteristics of Space Law. It analyzes the origins and evolution of Space Law, its main international principles, and some current topics of interest to the scientific community: the delimitation of airspace and outer space, intellectual property, and criminal responsibility.

  14. Public Relations & the Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Frank

    This monograph synthesizes the laws and regulations that form the basis of the right to representation in the court of public opinion by all who would seek to influence public and private decisions. It expresses the framework of human and social values that underlie this constitutional freedom and that give public relations and other management…

  15. Protective Policy Laws.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gehrin, Donald D.

    1994-01-01

    Offers ways to help student affairs administrators understand protective policy laws and regulations. Looks at how such federal guidelines affect campus policies, practices, and procedures. Examines the Buckley Amendment, student consumer information, student right-to-know, campus security, and the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act. (Includes…

  16. School Law: Background Checks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1988-01-01

    In an Oklahoma case, the district court ruled that the school district had failed to investigate the background of a teacher convicted of a second sexual abuse charge. School districts should examine personnel polices and practices, and the school lawyer should review state laws, regulations, and court cases. (MLF)

  17. Nursing doctoral education in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Yavuz, Meryem

    2004-10-01

    Quality health care is an issue of concern worldwide, and nursing can and must play a major and global role in transforming the healthcare environment. Doctorally prepared nurses are very much needed in the discipline to further develop and expand the science, as well as to prepare its future educators, scholars, leaders, and policy makers. In 1968, the Master of Science in Nursing Program was initiated in Turkey, followed by the Nursing Doctoral Education Program in 1972. Six University Schools of Nursing provide nursing doctoral education. By the graduating year of 2001, 154 students had graduated with the Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (Ph.D.), and 206 students were enrolled in related courses. Many countries in the world are systematically building various collaborative models in their nursing doctoral education programs. Turkey would like to play an active role in creating collaborative nursing doctoral education programs with other countries. This paper centres on the structure and model of doctoral education for nurses in Turkey. It touches on doctoral programs around the world; describes in detail nursing doctoral education in Turkey, including its program structure, admission process, course units, assessment strategies and dissertation procedure; and discusses efforts to promote Turkey as a potential partner in international initiatives to improve nursing doctoral education. PMID:15465171

  18. Turkey between two worlds: a demographic view.

    PubMed

    Gallagher, C F

    1982-01-01

    A demographic view of Turkey is presented in this discussion. Turkey provides another example of a country, ravaged by war losses between 1914-1922, which took 4 decades, from the mid1920s to the mid1960s, to move from a pronatalist policy to an understanding of the social, economic, and most recently the political dangers of rampant population growth. The 1st census, taken in Turkey in 1927, showed a population of 13,648,270 living in an area of 299,294 square miles, substantially equal to its present dimensions. In mid1977 the population surpassed 42 million, and it reached 45.6 million in mid1980 estimates. The population grew by only 5.4% in the 1940-1945 intercensal period. With the return to normalcy following the war, Turkey's high wartime death rate (almost 40/1000 between 1940 and 1945) declined rapidly and population growth began to accelerate. It was toward the end of the 1950s that concern began to be expressed about the rapid population growth the country was experiencing. The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the State Planning Organization began to study the implications of the increase for future social and economic development. This reconsideration of the previous pronatalist policy, which had forbidden the dissemination of birth control supplies or information, received a stimulus following the coup of 1960 that brought the military to power. Under military rule from May 1960 to November 1961 an antinatalist position emerged and was incorporated in the 1963-1967 5 year plan and later in the Population Planning Law, No. 557, enacted in 1965. Law 557 was permissive yet essentially neutral. It did not interfere with the private decisions of couples to plan family size but it offered them contraceptive supplies and information free or at low cost as well as education in population matters. Abortion was legalized if the mother's health were endangered, but it was not allowed otherwise. Sterilization was prohibited. The implementation of these measures was spotty and subject to financial pressures. There has been a recent decline in infant mortality in recent years, but only to a figure still unacceptably high. Demographic indices confirm the existence of large and meaningful regional variations. The Turkish Demographic Survey found as early as 1966 that the crude birthrate for Istanbul and Izmir had dropped to 25/1000 but that of the Eastern Region remained as high as 50/1000 in some provinces. The differentials appear in other, refined indices such as those for age specific rates, total fertility, and completed fertility. Completed fertility was estimated in the Turkish Fertility Survey of 1978 at 6.33/woman nationwide, but with a differential of well over 2 children between urban and rural women and of a little more than 3 children between West and East. The current use of contraception is 50% overall, with a broad correlation having to do with the number of living children. PMID:12264491

  19. Maternal filicide in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Eke, Salih Murat; Basoglu, Saba; Bakar, Bulent; Oral, Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    Filicide occurs in every socioeconomic stratum around the world. This study was conducted to evaluate motives, psychopathological aspects, and socio-demographic factors of 74 filicide cases of women in Turkey. Mean age of mothers, most of whom committed infanticide, was 26 years, and breakdown of criminal offenses are as follows: "to get rid of unwanted babies" (24.3%), "acute psychotic-type filicide" (21.6%), "fatal child abuse and neglect" (17.6%), "to get revenge" (12.2%), "protect the lonely child from the harm and badness after suicide" (10.8%), and "pity" (9.5%) motives. Results showed that maternal filicide cannot be reduced to only mental instability or environmental factors and indicates deficiencies in the capacity of the mothers' role in connecting with their child and with parenting skills. Finally, with regard to defendants' motives, similar factors that contribute to committing maternal filicide should be considered while making an assessment of the data and determining employee risk groups. PMID:25066272

  20. Comparison of Ukrainian and Turkish Law Students' Attitudes towards Democratic Values: Cross-Cultural Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayalar, Fethi

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine Ukrainian and Turkish law students' attitudes towards democratic values and the factors that may affect these values and to compare them in terms of different variables. This study is a descriptive survey model. The research consists of total 226 students from three Schools of Law, two in Turkey and one in…

  1. 43 CFR 8365.1-7 - State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... and local laws. Except as otherwise provided by Federal law or regulation, State and local laws and..., or destruction or damage to property; (e) Air and water pollution; (f) Littering; (g) Sanitation;...

  2. 43 CFR 8365.1-7 - State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... and local laws. Except as otherwise provided by Federal law or regulation, State and local laws and..., or destruction or damage to property; (e) Air and water pollution; (f) Littering; (g) Sanitation;...

  3. 43 CFR 8365.1-7 - State and local laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... and local laws. Except as otherwise provided by Federal law or regulation, State and local laws and..., or destruction or damage to property; (e) Air and water pollution; (f) Littering; (g) Sanitation;...

  4. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  5. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  6. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  7. 25 CFR 162.203 - When can the regulations in this subpart be superseded or modified by tribal laws and leasing...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LEASES AND PERMITS Agricultural Leases General Provisions § 162.203..., so long as: (1) The tribal law or leasing policy adopts an alternative plan for providing notice...

  8. The Golden Arches Meet the Hallowed Halls: Franchise Law and the Law School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Danaya

    1995-01-01

    A law school course in franchise law focuses on how various legal issues and categories interact within the context of the narrowly defined business relationship of a franchise. Four major topics included federal and state disclosure regulations, trademarks and service marks, common law contract issues, and antitrust law. Class exercises included

  9. The Golden Arches Meet the Hallowed Halls: Franchise Law and the Law School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Danaya

    1995-01-01

    A law school course in franchise law focuses on how various legal issues and categories interact within the context of the narrowly defined business relationship of a franchise. Four major topics included federal and state disclosure regulations, trademarks and service marks, common law contract issues, and antitrust law. Class exercises included…

  10. Turkey vulture surveys in Cuba

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wotzkow, C.; Wiley, J.W.

    1988-01-01

    Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura), were surveyed monthly in Cuba from March 1982-January 1983. A total of 25371 vultures were tallied in 7186 km (3.5 vultures/transect km) of roadside counting along main highways leading from the city of La Habana (northwestern Cuba) to the city of Las Tunas (southeast). Numbers of vultures counted declined substantially beyond 200 m from the transect road. Density of vultures observed within 200 m of the road along the transect route was 0.06/ha. Highest counts were obtained in March, April and June. Turkey Vulture flying activity was greatest during the periods 0900-1200 H and 1400-1700 H.

  11. Healthcare in overview of Turkey.

    PubMed

    Dundar, Munis; Uzak, Aslı Subasioglu; Karabulut, Yesim

    2010-12-01

    Turkey is one of the leading countries with its developing economy, high young population, and with its geopolitical location being an intersection between Asia and Europe. It is aimed at setting a good example for developed and developing countries with its health policy targets. We reported and discussed here the demographic data of Turkish population, the main aims of Ministry of Health, social security system and its scope and structure, health services, healthcare institutions and their infrastructures, human resources in health, health staff training and also outline of Turkish foreign policy. We mentioned predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory medicine according to Turkey's healthcare approach. PMID:23199111

  12. Law of the Sea

    SciTech Connect

    Borgese, E.M.

    1983-03-01

    Seabed development will proceed even though the US declined to join 119 nations signing the Law of the Sea Treaty. The new law replaces laissez faire development with management of the seas. The US, Soviet Union, and 15 other countries, while withholding their signatures from the convention, did sign the Final Act of the Conference and can sign as full participants in the future if they choose. The new management approach considers global socio-economic and resource needs. It emphasizes international cooperation in the areas of economic development, disarmament, and in establishing rules and regulations for exploring the seabed. (DCK)

  13. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as otherwise provided in this section, this regulation alters, affects, or preempts only those state laws...

  14. 7 CFR 500.15 - Penalties and other law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Penalties and other law. 500.15 Section 500.15... other law. Whoever shall be found guilty of violating the rules and regulations in this subpart is... abrogating or authorizing the abrogation of any other regulations or any Federal law or any laws...

  15. Reform of the health care system in Turkey: a review of universal health insurance.

    PubMed

    Akbulut, Yasemin; Sarp, Nilgun; Ugurluoglu, Ece

    2007-01-01

    Starting with the 1990s, Turkey has been restructuring its health care system. In December 2003, the Government of Turkey announced a comprehensive reform programme, entitled "Transformation in Health". This reform package consisted of reorganizing health services delivery and finance systems, including the establishment of a family practitioner system and universal health insurance. Some interest groups describe this reform package as "privatisation" or as an attempt to "cut benefits", and strongly oppose the reform package. The aim of this study is to review the draft universal health insurance law and to propose recommendations in light of other countries' experiences. All systems need clear policy objectives, and mechanisms for achieving reforms. All systems are, to a greater or lesser extent, the product of the history and culture of a country. Thus it is possible to learn from the experience of other countries, but unwise to copy them exactly. This is important for countries undergoing the reform process including Turkey. PMID:17621768

  16. 31 CFR 212.9 - Preemption of State law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance:Treasury 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Preemption of State law. 212.9 Section... PAYMENTS § 212.9 Preemption of State law. (a) Inconsistent law preempted. Any State or local government law... inconsistency. A State law or regulation is inconsistent with this part if it requires a financial...

  17. The Law and Catholic Schools: Approaching the New Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaughnessy, Mary Angela

    The laws affecting education in the United States today can generally be classified according to four categories: (1) Constitutional law (both state and federal); (2) statutes and regulations; (3) common law principles; and (4) contract law. Students and teachers in private schools are not protected by federal Constitutional law because they are…

  18. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...=en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  19. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  20. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...=en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  1. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  2. 48 CFR 225.7402-4 - Law of war training.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Law of war training. 225... States 225.7402-4 Law of war training. (a) Basic training. Basic law of war training is required for all...= en-US. (b) Advanced law of war training. (1) The types of personnel that must obtain advanced law...

  3. Suicide in Batman, Southeastern Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Altindag, Abdurrahman; Ozkan, Mustafa; Oto, Remzi

    2005-01-01

    The southeastern part of Turkey has comparatively high female suicide rates. We aimed to research social, economic, cultural, and psychiatric reasons of suicides in Batman in a case-controlled psychological autopsy study comparing suicides with matched community controls. The female suicide rate was 9.3 per 100.000 and the female/male ratio was…

  4. The Educational System of Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of International Studies (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

    An overview of the basic system of education in Turkey from preschool to the university level is included in this booklet. A brief discussion of educational history stresses the significance of the placing of schools under control of the Ministry of Education in 1924 in an effort to promote national integration, and the importance of the adoption…

  5. Alcohol fuel research in Turkey

    SciTech Connect

    Karaosmanoglu, F.; Isigiguer-Erguedenler, A.; Aksoy, H.A.

    1998-12-01

    Turkey, like most of the developing countries of the world, has vast agricultural potential, yet the country is highly dependent on oil imports, which satisfy 90% of its crude oil demand. Since Turkey had an economy based on agriculture, the usage of national resources in the energy field is extremely important. In the first years of the Turkish Republic, in 1931, the usage of national resources as an alternative to conventional fuels became a subject of increasing interest. Since then a lot of research has been conducted, but only a limited amount of application has been realized. Alcohol has always occupied an important place among the alternative fuel studies. The subject has been the scope of some research institute projects and university and government development planning studies. In Turkey, one of the most important studies in this area has been undertaken by the authors` research group in their university. This study is a general review of alcohol usage as an alternative automotive fuel in Turkey. This review includes a short history of the subject, the approach of the government, the research results, possible developments on the subject in the near future, and finally, it concludes with proposals.

  6. Dyslexia laws in the USA.

    PubMed

    Youman, Martha; Mather, Nancy

    2013-07-01

    Throughout the various states of the USA, the appropriate identification of dyslexia and the timely provision of interventions are characterized by variability and inconsistency. Several states have recognized the existence of this disorder and the well-established need for services. These states have taken proactive steps to implement laws and regulations for both identification and treatment, and the provision of equal access to students who are diagnosed with dyslexia. The majority of states, however, have not developed such laws and guidelines. The purposes of this article are to review the present status and content of these dyslexia laws, highlight some differences among the laws and regulations across states, and suggest strategies for initiating such laws. PMID:23086699

  7. 43 CFR 2650.3 - Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims. 2650.3 Section 2650.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... mining claims....

  8. 43 CFR 2650.3 - Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Lawful entries, lawful settlements, and mining claims. 2650.3 Section 2650.3 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands... mining claims....

  9. Medical waste management in Turkey: A case study of Istanbul.

    PubMed

    Birpinar, Mehmet Emin; Bilgili, Mehmet Sinan; Erdoğan, Tuğba

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze the present status of medical waste management in the light of the Medical Waste Control Regulation (MWCR) in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey. About 17% of the hospitals, 20% of bed capacity, and 54% of private hospitals in Turkey are located in Istanbul. The first regulation about medical waste management in Turkey was published in 1993, and as a candidate state, it was changed in 2005 in accordance with EU Environmental Directives. In this work, a survey of 14 questions about the amount, collection, and temporary storage of medical wastes was applied to 192 hospitals in Istanbul through face-to-face interviews. It was found that the estimated quantity of medical waste from the hospitals is about 22tons/day and the average generation rate is 0.63kg/bed-day. Recyclable materials are collected separately at a rate of 83%. Separate collection of different types of wastes is consistently practiced, but 25% of the hospitals still use inappropriate containers for medical waste collection. Almost 77% of the hospitals use appropriate equipment for the medical waste collection personnel. The percentage of the hospitals that have temporary storage depots is 63%. Medical waste management in Istanbul is carried out by applying the MWCR. PMID:18550354

  10. 7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor...

  11. 7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor...

  12. 7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor...

  13. School Law: A Selected Bibliography to Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norman, O. Gene, Comp.

    A bibliography containing annotated entries concentrates on school law but is relevant to all areas of law and court litigation. Entries are grouped under the following categories: (1) guides to legal research; (2) indexes; (3) law dictionaries, encyclopedias, directories, and handbooks; (4) federal statutes, reports, rules, and regulations; (5)

  14. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  15. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  16. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  17. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MARINE NATIONAL MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international law. No restrictions shall apply to or be enforced against a person who is not...

  18. 50 CFR 404.12 - International law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false International law. 404.12 Section 404.12... MONUMENT § 404.12 International law. These regulations shall be applied in accordance with international... international law....

  19. 50 CFR 10.3 - Other applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Other applicable laws. 10.3 Section 10.3... GENERAL PROVISIONS Introduction § 10.3 Other applicable laws. No statute or regulation of any State shall..., or customs laws or regulations, or other Service enforced statutes or regulations....

  20. 50 CFR 10.3 - Other applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Other applicable laws. 10.3 Section 10.3... GENERAL PROVISIONS Introduction § 10.3 Other applicable laws. No statute or regulation of any State shall..., or customs laws or regulations, or other Service enforced statutes or regulations....

  1. Law in Wyoming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Law-Related Education Advisory Council, Cheyenne.

    This document is intended to give students an overview of laws in Wyoming. Subjects covered include civil and criminal law; courts in Wyoming; juvenile law, juvenile court procedure; rights of children; family law; employment law; automobile-related law; laws affecting the schools; and citizenship rights and responsibilities. The laws and courts…

  2. Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive and the EIA decision in Turkey

    SciTech Connect

    Bilgin, Ayla

    2015-07-15

    The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive first entered into force in the United States in 1969, and began to be implemented in many other countries by 1990. The first Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive in Turkey was published on February 7, 1993, under the Environmental Law No. 2872. The EIA Directive was revised seven times on June 23, 1997, June 6, 2002, December 16, 2003, July 17, 2008, October 3, 2013, and November 25, 2014. Several amendments were made during this process. The first EIA Directive dated 1993 was narrow in scope and its procedure was long, while the amendments in 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2014 widened the scope of the EIA, and shortened the EIA assessment procedures. In this study, the amendments to the Turkish EIA Directive were analysed, and their effect on the number of EIA decisions made was addressed. It was concluded that the uncertainties in EIA procedures were removed, procedures were shortened, and as a result, the number of EIA decisions increased thanks to the revisions made in line with harmonisation with European Union (EU) acquis. - Highlights: • Demonstrates the Environmental Impact Assessment practices in Turkey. • Demonstrates the application of the EIA in Turkey by sector. • Demonstrates the amendments of the EIA by-laws in Turkey. • Demonstrates the changes in EIA practices and EIA decisions.

  3. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1987-01-01

    The United States Supreme Court upheld a California state law requiring employers to allow a pregnant woman up to four months of unpaid maternity leave if she claims pregnancy as a disability. A bill before Congress addresses parental leave and job protection for parents caring for a new baby or a sick child. (MLH)

  4. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews four recent court decisions affecting school law. A Circuit Court of Appeals ruling upheld Norfolk Schools' decision to abolish busing and reinstate neighborhood schools. The United States Supreme Court dismissed appeals to lower court decisions involving a minimum grade prerequisite, a teacher's privacy rights, and an "adult" movie…

  5. School Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1987-01-01

    Forecasts no major surprises during the U.S. Supreme Court's 1987-88 term. Like the "Edwards v. Aguillard" ruling against Louisiana's creation science law, upcoming decisions concerning religious issues (controversial textbooks and moments of silence) and free speech (language use and controversial subject matter in student publications) will

  6. School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1982-01-01

    Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

  7. Postgraduate forensic science education in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Atasoy, S; Cologlu, A S; Abaci-Kalfoglu, E; Polat, O

    1996-03-01

    Legal medicine in Turkey, has an educational background that goes back to 1839 and the first autopsy in modern terms was performed in 1841. In the early days, it was common practice for those involved in this work to extend their investigative knowledge into areas not directly concerned with medical matters. However forensic medical investigations cannot be entrusted in the hands of single investigators, but should rather be dealt with by cooperative groups of experts nowadays. This need was the major force for the establishment of the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences by a special article of the law (section 2547) as a training and research center in 1982. The Institute being the first and only institution giving master's and doctorate degrees in Forensic Sciences, has 3 major departments: 1) Medical Sciences Department, 2) Basic Sciences Department and 3) Social Sciences Department. Graduates of various fields ranging from medical doctors specialized in any field, biologists, chemists to lawyers, district attorneys, psychologists and other related fields are composing the multidisciplinary structure of the institute. The main research fields of the Institute are: population genetics, paternity investigation, child abuse, and identification of human remains. PMID:8871377

  8. University Freedom in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolasir, Semiyha

    2006-01-01

    Freedom means the right of the universities to do their scientific activities and to regulate and do the higher education through their organs. The three feet that make up the university freedom are scientific freedom, administrative freedom and financial freedom. Scientific freedom is realized by the freedom of the faculty and teaching staff and…

  9. Law, ethics, and the clinical neurologist.

    PubMed

    Nora, Lois Margaret

    2013-01-01

    There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented. Examples of how these laws, in turn, impact the practice of neurology through protection of patient privacy, the avoidance of conflict of interest, and informed consent and other issues are offered. PMID:24182367

  10. Susceptibility of convalescent turkeys to pulmonary aspergillosis.

    PubMed

    Kunkle, R A; Sacco, R E

    1998-01-01

    Pulmonary lesions resulting from Aspergillus fumigatus inoculation were assessed in convalescent turkeys and compared with those in previously noninoculated (control) turkeys. In addition, lesions observed in small Beltsville white (SBW) turkeys were compared with those in broad-breasted white (BBW) turkeys challenged with the same inoculum. Turkeys were challenged by unilateral posterior thoracic air sac (PTAS) inoculation, rechallenged via the contralateral air sac after 5 wk, and then necropsied 1 wk later. Pulmonary lesions induced by the initial challenge had resolved in 6 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW turkeys. However, convalescence did not protect against pulmonary aspergillosis subsequent to rechallenge; 10 of 10 SBW and 9 of 10 BBW developed granulomatous pulmonary lesions on the side of reexposure. A greater proportion of control SBW turkeys developed pneumonia and airsacculitis following challenge as compared with the BBW breed. Lesions were limited to the lower respiratory tract in all turkeys and were confined to the ipsilateral lung and PTAS in the singly inoculated control turkeys. This study demonstrates that convalescence from pulmonary aspergillosis does not confer protection against rechallenge but may, instead, decrease resistance to subsequent infection. PMID:9876849

  11. Healthcare financing: how does Turkey compare?

    PubMed

    Akhmedjonov, Alisher; Güç, Yunus; Akinci, Fevzi

    2011-01-01

    The authors provide an overview of Turkey's healthcare financing. After comparing financing data on Turkey and other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member countries, they examine Turkey's performance on a wide range of healthcare input and outcome indicators using descriptive data drawn from the World Health Organization, World Bank, OECD, and Turkish Statistical Institute. The data analysis shows that Turkey ranks low by a number of key healthcare indicators across the OECD countries. Empirical analysis suggests that although many factors are associated with improvements in healthcare outcomes, a significant part of changes in life expectancy at birth are associated with higher spending on healthcare. PMID:21864057

  12. [Plant poisoning cases in Turkey].

    PubMed

    Oztekin-Mat, A

    1994-01-01

    In Turkey, the majority of the population live in rural areas where they use wild plants as food and medicine. The confusion of an edible plant with a poisonous one give rise to serious poisoning which may even result in death. The incidence of plant poisoning in Turkey is about 6% and especially high among children between ages of 2 and 11 living in rural areas. The number of species that cause poisoning is around twenty and Hyoscyamus niger (Solanaceae), Colchicum species (Liliaceae), Conium maculatum (Umbelliferae) and Prunus species (Rosaceae) are the most important. Mushroom poisoning is more frequent in spring and fall. The main reasons are their widespread usage as food and the inexperience of the gatherers in distinguishing the edibles from the poisonous. Amanita phalloides, A. verna, A. muscaria, A. pantherina are responsible for severe cases of poisoning. PMID:7857034

  13. 33 CFR 401.66 - Applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicable laws. 401.66 Section 401.66 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Dangerous Cargo § 401.66 Applicable laws. (a)...

  14. 33 CFR 401.66 - Applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Applicable laws. 401.66 Section 401.66 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Dangerous Cargo § 401.66 Applicable laws. (a) Vessels carrying a cargo or part cargo of...

  15. 33 CFR 401.66 - Applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Applicable laws. 401.66 Section 401.66 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Dangerous Cargo § 401.66 Applicable laws. (a) Vessels carrying a cargo or part cargo of...

  16. 33 CFR 401.66 - Applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Applicable laws. 401.66 Section 401.66 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Dangerous Cargo § 401.66 Applicable laws. (a) Vessels carrying a cargo or part cargo of...

  17. 33 CFR 401.66 - Applicable laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Applicable laws. 401.66 Section 401.66 Navigation and Navigable Waters SAINT LAWRENCE SEAWAY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Regulations Dangerous Cargo § 401.66 Applicable laws. (a) Vessels carrying a cargo or part cargo of...

  18. Mechanistic modeling of turkey growth response to genotype and nutrition.

    PubMed

    Rivera-Torres, V; Ferket, P R; Sauvant, D

    2011-10-01

    Along with the fast genetic improvement, nutritional and environmental effects on poultry growth performance have made it necessary to develop growth models that have the flexibility to adapt to different genotypes and growing conditions. A mechanistic simulation model of energy and nutrient utilization in growing turkeys is presented herein. The model consists of simulating the average homeorhetic and homeostatic regulations associated with the utilization of circulating glucose, fatty acid, AA, and acetyl-CoA for protein and lipid retention in carcass, viscera, and feathers in a turkey population. Homeorhesis plays a major role in the control of protein and lipid turnover for the definition of genetic potential and feed intake, whereas homeostasis adjusts growth rate through protein and lipid turnover rates and, therefore, BW gain and feed intake to the growing conditions. Also, homeostasis enables the maintenance of a dynamic balance state during all the growing period through the control of circulating nutrient concentration. The model was developed and calibrated with experimental data that described energy utilization in male and female growing turkeys. Then, the ability of the model to adapt to genotypes and to predict the average response of a turkey population to dietary energy was evaluated. Model calibration showed simulations of energy and nutrient utilization that fitted well with the experimental data because ME was satisfyingly partitioned into heat production and energy retention as protein and lipid, and nutrient intake accurately partitioned BW gain into carcass, viscera, and feathers. The evaluation of the model was also satisfactory because BW gain and feed-to-gain ratio were globally in accordance with the observations in different male and female genotypes, in spite of an overestimation of the feed-to-gain ratio during the first weeks of age. Model evaluation showed that the BW gain and feed intake response of growing turkeys to dietary energy was accurately predicted. The model can therefore be used in different growing conditions as it is capable of simulating the growth of different turkey genotypes fed under changing environmental and nutritional contexts. PMID:21551344

  19. Cerebral encephalomalacia in commercial turkeys.

    PubMed

    Ficken, M D; Cummings, T S; Wages, D P

    1993-01-01

    A flock of 9 1/2-week-old commercial tom turkeys experienced high mortality after consuming a complete feed containing an unidentified toxic substance. Initially, turkeys were found dead. Clinically, the birds were calm and still but became hyperexcitable with noise. A small percentage of birds exhibited torticollis, opisthotonos, circling, ataxia, and blindness. Findings at necropsy and upon microscopic examination were bilaterally symmetrical areas of necrosis of the cerebral hemispheres in the area of the neostriatum that were well demarcated from the surrounding normal neuropil. A feeding trial with the suspect feed in twelve 4-week-old turkey hens induced clinical disease and gross and microscopic brain changes similar to those observed in the field case. Analyses for the following substances in the suspect feed were either negative or within acceptable limits: salt, selenium, furazolidone, monensin, amprolium, 3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid, aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, ochratoxin, fumonisin, organophosphates, chlorinated hydrocarbons, and carbamates. The toxic component of the feed remains unidentified. PMID:8257395

  20. Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume thirty-eight. Oklahoma. Final report of a study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of integrated community energy systems

    SciTech Connect

    Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

    1981-01-01

    A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Oklahoma governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities, Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One: An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

  1. Stigma law.

    PubMed

    1998-10-30

    Massachusetts enacted a law, called House No. 2099, that relieves real estate brokers from liability for not disclosing the history of a property to a potential buyer. The statute says that certain information does not need to be disclosed in a real estate transaction. Such information includes whether any previous occupants had HIV/AIDS or any other disease that is unlikely to be transmitted casually. PMID:11366009

  2. Salmonella Levels in Turkey Neck Skins, Drumstick Bones, and Spleens in Relation to Ground Turkey.

    PubMed

    Cui, Yue; Guran, Husnu S; Harrison, Mark A; Hofacre, Charles L; Alali, Walid Q

    2015-11-01

    The objective of this study was to determine Salmonella levels (presence and numbers) in turkey drumstick bone, spleen, and neck skin samples in relation to Salmonella contamination levels in ground turkey at the flock level. Over a 10-month period, a total of 300 samples of each turkey part (i.e., neck skin, spleen, and drumstick) from 20 flocks were collected at a commercial turkey processing plant after the evisceration step. Turkey flocks included in this study were classified as "targeted" and "nontargeted" based on the company's historical ground turkey contamination data. A flock that originated from a turkey farm that had previously produced one or more flocks with ≥20% Salmonella prevalence in ground turkey was labeled as a targeted flock (n = 13). The remaining seven flocks with <20% prevalence were labeled as nontargeted. All samples collected were tested for Salmonella presence and numbers by using most-probable-number and selective enrichment methods. Further genotypic analysis (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis) of the isolates was performed. Ground turkey samples were collected and analyzed for Salmonella levels by the cooperating turkey company. The outside surface of bone and spleen were sterilized prior to Salmonella analysis. The overall Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, drumstick bone, spleen, and ground turkey samples was 42.0, 9.3, 6.7, and 14.5%, respectively. Salmonella prevalence in neck skin, spleen, drumstick bone, and ground turkey from the targeted flocks was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those from nontargeted flocks. There was a significant relationship between Salmonella presence in neck skin (when most probable numbers were ≥2 log) and Salmonella-positive ground turkey lot. Based on our findings, Salmonella was detected internally in drumstick bones and spleens at low levels, whereas Salmonella presence at higher levels in neck skin may indicate a flock with greater potential for Salmonella contamination of ground turkey. PMID:26555516

  3. Selection, Placement and Instatement of School Managers in Turkey: Evaluation of the Current Situation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memisoglu, Salih Pasa

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the new regulations and current practices in terms of how they apply--to the selection, training and instatement of school administrators in Turkey. The successful implementation of Turkish National Development Plans is closely related to the knowledge and skills of managers working at various levels in every…

  4. Selection, Placement and Instatement of School Managers in Turkey: Evaluation of the Current Situation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memisoglu, Salih Pasa

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the new regulations and current practices in terms of how they apply--to the selection, training and instatement of school administrators in Turkey. The successful implementation of Turkish National Development Plans is closely related to the knowledge and skills of managers working at various levels in every

  5. Epidemiological investigations on Q fever in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Payzin, Sabahattin

    1953-01-01

    Q fever is endemic in Turkey in both human beings and animals. Cows, sheep, goats, and dogs may play a role as reservoirs of Coxiella burnetii. Ornithodorus lahorensis ticks also harbour the agent. The disease is disseminated throughout Turkey; epidemics among human beings are relatively rare. PMID:20603969

  6. Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ince, Basak

    2012-01-01

    This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

  7. Characteristics of Inclusive Classrooms in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melekoglu, Macid Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, inclusive classrooms in Turkey are described in terms of the characteristics of both classroom teachers and students with special needs. Participants of this study consisted of 54 teachers working in inclusive classrooms and 54 students with mild intellectual disabilities in those classrooms in Turkey. Data for this study were…

  8. INTESTINAL FLORA OF WILD AND DOMESTIC TURKEYS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    GOAL: To describe and compare the intestinal bacterial communities of domestic and wild turkeys. METHODS: Ceca from five domestic turkeys killed on-farm (Farm A) and eight from the abattoir (five from Farm A, three from Farm B) were examined for bacterial composition. Ceca from wild birds were p...

  9. Extreme Forms of Child Labour in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Degirmencioglu, Serdar M.; Acar, Hakan; Acar, Yuksel Baykara

    2008-01-01

    Two little known forms of child labour in Turkey are examined. The process through which these children are made to work has parallels with the experiences of slaves. First, a long-standing practice from Northwestern Turkey of parents hiring children to better-off farmers is examined. Further, a more recent problem is examined where children are…

  10. Rights of the Child in Turkey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naqvi, Yasmin

    This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the considerable…

  11. Enteric parvovirus infections of chickens and turkeys

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Chicken and turkey parvoviruses are members of the Parvovirus family. Comparative sequence analysis of their genome structure revealed that they should form a new genus within the vertebrate Parvovirinae subfamily. The first chicken and turkey parvoviruses were identified by electron microscopy duri...

  12. Government Publications and Gray Literature in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anameric, Hakan

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates bibliographic control of government publications and gray literature in Turkey, in order to determine what further measures are needed to support researchers in both Turkey and abroad. It reports the circumstances surrounding the creation of "The Bibliography of Government Publications" prepared in 1971, and outlines how…

  13. Cryptosporidia in the respiratory tract of turkeys.

    PubMed

    Ranck, F M; Hoerr, F J

    1987-01-01

    Cryptosporidia were found in the respiratory tract of turkeys in eight flocks on five different farms over a 4-month period. Turkeys ranged in age from 2 1/2 weeks to 11 weeks of age. All had respiratory signs. Diagnoses were made by examining wet smears and confirmed by histopathological examinations. PMID:3619834

  14. Talking Turkey at the Wildwood Education Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warren, Mike

    1994-01-01

    A vocational education program at the Wildwood Education Center (Hornell, NY) enabled 9th and 10th grade special education students to design, build, and market turkey calls. A module on wildlife management piqued student interest in wildlife calls and turkey hunting and led to the project. The program improved vocational skills and increased…

  15. Principals' Openness to Change in Malatya, Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aslan, Mahire; Beycioglu, Kadir; Konan, Necdet

    2008-01-01

    When change is deemed necessary, principals' attitudes towards changes are significant for successful restructuring of schools. This study aimed to ascertain the extent to which principals in Malatya, Turkey, are open to change. A questionnaire was administered to 156 elementary and secondary school principals in Malatya, Turkey. This…

  16. Preschool Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Dept. of Health and Human Services, Lincoln.

    Published by the Department of Health and Human Services, as required by Nebraska law, this guide details regulations for the physical well-being, safety, and protection of children and defines the minimum levels of acceptable services to be provided in Nebraska preschools. The first section of the guide lists specific preschool regulations,…

  17. Bullard's Law

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sclater, J. G.

    2002-12-01

    The first scientist to measure heat flow through the floor of the oceans systematically, Teddy Bullard had received his Ph D in the thirties as a nuclear physicist under Rutherford at Cambridge University. Immediately before WWII and then entirely thereafter, Teddy Bullard devoted himself to better understanding the Earth, ending his career as the Head of the Department of Geodesy and Geophysics at Cambridge. However, he sometimes regretted that he had had to abandon nuclear physics to find a job. He especially bemoaned the fact that unlike, most of his contemporaries from the Cavendish, he had had no important physical law named after him. To rectify this oversight Maurice Hill, the leader of the marine group at the Department, formulated what came to be known Bullard's Law - "Never take a second heat flow measurement within 20 km of the original for fear that it differ from the first by two orders of magnitude". In this presentation, I review the background information that led to Bullard's Law, to the realization that the early workers (1949 - 1965: Maxwell, Von Herzen, Bullard, Day, Langseth, Gerard, Uyeda, Yasui, Vacquier, Reitzel, Nason and Lee amongst others) had measured the heat flow correctly and that they had observed a large but real variability in heat flow near the crest of the mid-ocean ridges. I discuss the early attempts to explain the variability, and, the various sedimentary observations (Skornyakova, Arrhenius, Bonatti and Bostrom), magnetic measurements (Irving) and physical inferences (Elder and Lister) that led to the realization that fluid flowing through the oceanic crust might have created the variability. I finish by discussing an expedition to the Galapagos Spreading Center where NSF funded Dick Von Herzen and I to prove Lister wrong. Instead our graduate student Dave Williams, to my surprise but not Dick's, observed the first deep sea hydrothermal plume. The rest is history.

  18. Exact law of live nature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azbel, Mark Ya.

    2005-07-01

    Exact law of mortality dynamics in changing populations and environment is derived. It includes no explicit characteristics of animal- environment interactions (metabolism etc) which are a must for life; it is universal for all animals, from single cell yeast to humans, with their drastically different biology, evolutionary history, and complexity; it is rapidly (within few percent of life span) reversible. Such law is unique for live systems with their homeostatic self-adjustment to environment (cf. thermodynamics of liquids and glasses). The law which is valid for all live, and only live, systems is their specific natural law. Mortality is an instrument of natural selection and biological diversity. Its law, which is preserved in evolution of all species, is a conservation law of mortality, selection, evolution, biology. The law implies new kind of intrinsic mortality and adaptation which dominate in evolutionary unprecedented protected populations and, in contrast to species specific natural selection, proceed via universal stepwise rungs and reduce to universal cellular mechanism. The law demonstrates that intrinsic mortality and at least certain aspects of aging are disposable evolutionary byproducts, and directed genetic and/or biological changes may yield healthy and vital Methuselah lifespan. This is consistent with experiments. Universality implies that single cell yeast may provide a master key to the cellular mechanism of universal mortality, aging, selection, evolution, and its regulation in all animals. One may look for its manifestations in animal cells also, e.g., in their replicative senescence and cancer. Evolutionary origin and genetic nature of universality are suggested.

  19. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as... state law is not inconsistent if it is more protective of an applicant. (b) Preempted provisions...

  20. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as... state law is not inconsistent if it is more protective of an applicant. (b) Preempted provisions...

  1. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as... state law is not inconsistent if it is more protective of an applicant. (b) Preempted provisions...

  2. 46 CFR 5.19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 5.19 Section 5.19 Shipping... REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) An Administrative Law Judge... has delegated to Administrative Law Judges the authority to admonish, suspend, with or...

  3. 12 CFR 229.20 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Relation to state law. 229.20 Section 229.20... Availability Policies § 229.20 Relation to state law. (a) In general. Any provision of a law or regulation of...; and (2) Apply to all federally insured banks located within the state. No amendment to a state law...

  4. 12 CFR 226.28 - Effect on State laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... are different from those required by the Federal law. However, a State law that allows a consumer to... inquiry after the time allowed in the Federal law for the consumer to submit written notice of a billing... regulation has expired. If a creditor gives written notice of a consumer's rights under such State law,...

  5. 12 CFR 202.11 - Relation to state law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Relation to state law. 202.11 Section 202.11... OPPORTUNITY ACT (REGULATION B) § 202.11 Relation to state law. (a) Inconsistent state laws. Except as... state law is not inconsistent if it is more protective of an applicant. (b) Preempted provisions...

  6. 12 CFR 213.9 - Relation to state laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... interpretative responsibilities for the state consumer leasing law, may apply to the Board for a preemption... Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM CONSUMER LEASING (REGULATION M) § 213.9 Relation to state laws. (a) Inconsistent state law. A state law that...

  7. 24 CFR 1720.145 - Disqualification of administrative law judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... law judge. 1720.145 Section 1720.145 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and... administrative law judge. (a) When an administrative law judge feels disqualified from presiding in a particular proceeding, the administrative law judge shall withdraw therefrom by notice on the record and shall...

  8. 32 CFR 776.57 - Unauthorized practice of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Unauthorized practice of law. 776.57 Section 776... Rules of Professional Conduct § 776.57 Unauthorized practice of law. (a) Unauthorized practice of law. A... law in a jurisdiction where doing so is prohibited by the regulations of the legal profession in...

  9. 32 CFR 776.57 - Unauthorized practice of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Unauthorized practice of law. 776.57 Section 776... Rules of Professional Conduct § 776.57 Unauthorized practice of law. (a) Unauthorized practice of law. A... law in a jurisdiction where doing so is prohibited by the regulations of the legal profession in...

  10. 46 CFR 5.19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 5.19 Section 5.19 Shipping... REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) An Administrative Law Judge... has delegated to Administrative Law Judges the authority to admonish, suspend, with or...

  11. 36 CFR 1004.2 - State law applicable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false State law applicable. 1004.2... State law applicable. (a) Unless specifically addressed by regulations in this chapter, traffic and the... State law. State law that is now or may later be in effect is adopted and made a part of the...

  12. 37 CFR 11.505 - Unauthorized practice of law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Unauthorized practice of law... Rules of Professional Conduct Law Firms and Associations § 11.505 Unauthorized practice of law. A practitioner shall not practice law in a jurisdiction in violation of the regulation of the legal profession...

  13. 36 CFR 1004.2 - State law applicable.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false State law applicable. 1004.2... State law applicable. (a) Unless specifically addressed by regulations in this chapter, traffic and the... State law. State law that is now or may later be in effect is adopted and made a part of the...

  14. 46 CFR 5.19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 5.19 Section 5.19 Shipping... REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) An Administrative Law Judge... has delegated to Administrative Law Judges the authority to admonish, suspend, with or...

  15. 46 CFR 5.19 - Administrative Law Judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Administrative Law Judge. 5.19 Section 5.19 Shipping... REGULATIONS-PERSONNEL ACTION Definitions § 5.19 Administrative Law Judge. (a) An Administrative Law Judge... has delegated to Administrative Law Judges the authority to admonish, suspend, with or...

  16. 29 CFR 417.6 - Powers of Administrative Law Judge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Powers of Administrative Law Judge. 417.6 Section 417.6... Administrative Law Judge. The designated Administrative Law Judge shall have authority: (a) To give notice... other actions authorized by the regulations in this part. The Administrative Law Judge's authority...

  17. Multimedia and children in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Tuncer, A M; Yalin, S S

    1999-01-01

    Multimedia will be regarded as essential tools for children to create their new world. The effects of television on young children's life have been well studied. Television differs, however, from other media, including the movies, in its pervasive impact on children. Children spend more time watching television than any other activity except sleeping. Overall 31% of children spent at least 4 hours a day watching television during weekday and 71.7% during weekend in Turkey. Television's influence on children is a function of the length of time they spend watching and the cumulative effect of what they see. Television may be a cause as well as a solution for many serious childhood problems. Excessive viewing of television has also been linked to aggressive behavior, violence, childhood obesity. On the other hand, television may act as a socializing agent and as a learning tool if the recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics is learned by pediatricians, parents and broadcasters. The use of home personal computers in urban residence increased from 3.2% in 1993 to 6.5% by January 1998 in Turkey. Around 20% of computer households reported owing a modem. Internet has been using only for 5 years in Turkey. Nearly 40% of computer households also used CD-ROM equipment. The percentage of schools that have a computer laboratory is only 2.64%. On the other hand, multimedia allows students to move away from a uniform education for everyone to assert individual identity, liberalize education and management. It seems likely that, within the next few years, most of the countries with substantial internet infrastructure will use the internet as the major medium for disseminating information, including information on children. To prepare students for such a world demands that educational systems make the best possible use of all knowledge and technologies currently available. PMID:10770073

  18. Regulations for Implementation of the Exceptional Children's Act (R.S. 17:1941-1958 et seq.). Louisiana's Law for Exceptional Students. Revised. Bulletin 1706.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Special Education.

    The booklet presents Louisiana's regulations for implementing state special education legislation. Nine topic areas are addressed: (1) responsibilities of the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (free appropriate public education, state advisory council); (2) responsibilities of the Superintendent of Public Elementary and Secondary…

  19. 48 CFR 1352.209-73 - Compliance with the laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Compliance with the laws. As prescribed in 48 CFR 1309.507-2(c), insert the following clause: Compliance With the Laws (APR 2010) The contractor shall comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations which... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance with the...

  20. 12 CFR 1024.13 - Relation to state laws.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... provisions of state law or regulations concerning affiliated business arrangements are inconsistent with... by any person, the Bureau is authorized to determine if inconsistencies with state law exist; in... that a state law or regulation is inconsistent with any provision of RESPA or this part, if the...