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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Anti-money laundering law of Turkey and the EU: an example of convergence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper critiques the recent anti-money laundering (AML) legislation in Turkey and the European Union (EU) in order to determine whether there is convergence between them. Given the fact that Turkey is a candidate country for the EU membership, harmonisation of Turkish and the EU AML frameworks has become increasingly important. These AML laws pose important responsibilities for

Umut Türk?en; ?smail Ufuk M?s?rl?o?lu; Osman Yükseltürk

2011-01-01

2

Law and regulation of benzene.  

PubMed Central

OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms.

Feitshans, I L

1989-01-01

3

SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT, GUIDE, LAW AND REGULATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS REPORT CONSISTS OF THREE PARTS--(1) GUIDE, (2) LAWS, AND (3) REGULATIONS FOR PROVIDING A HEALTHFUL SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT IN MONTANA. INFORMATION INCLUDED WILL ASSIST IN THE PROPER DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF NEW AND REMODELED SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND IN THE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF A HEALTHFUL ENVIRONMENT FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN AND PERSONNEL. PART…

Montana State Board of Health, Helena.

4

Mining law and regulations of Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The mining law and regulations of Mexico have been of considerable interest to mining lawyers in the united States. Recent wide-ranging changes in Mexican mining regulations have come at a time when the mining industry hopes to broaden its scope to contend with worldwide competition. Article 27 of the Federal Constitution of Mexico governs the mining of metallic, nonmetallic, and coal materials. New regulation implementing this law became effective on December 10, 1990. These regulations, generally regarded as providing far greater flexibility in the acquisition and maintenance of mineral rights, also provide substantial additional flexibility in the ability of non-Mexican companies to own concessions. The Laws section of this book includes: General Provision, ministry of National Patrimony, mining concession, beneficiating plant concessions, execution and proof of exploitation work oppositions, national mineral reserves, special concessions on National Mineral Reserves, Public/Registry of mining, mining promotion and of the assistance to small miners, Industrial Mining Reserves and violations and penalties. The regulations section includes: general dispositions, mineral reserves, mining assignments and concessions, right of mining concession holders, obligations of the holders of mining concessions, mining companies, mining public registry, mining experts, inspections, sanctions and remedies.

Miranda, F.C.

1992-01-01

5

Summary of Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Agricultural Employers, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hired labor's importance to U.S. farm production requires agricultural employers to understand Federal laws and regulations governing employment, taxes, wages, and working conditions. This single-source publication summarizes these laws and regulations. T...

J. L. Runyan

2000-01-01

6

Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations  

SciTech Connect

The radiological emergency response laws and regulations of the Southern States Energy Compact member states are in some cases disparate. Several states have very specific laws on radiological emergency response while in others, the statutory law mentions only emergency response to ``natural disasters.`` Some states have adopted extensive regulations on the topic; others have none. For this reason, any general overview must necessarily discuss laws and regulations in general terms.

Not Available

1989-02-01

7

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: Law, Regulations and Related Acts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The complete text of the FDIC's Law, Regulations and Related Acts (Rules and Regulations), complete with interactive search capability, is now available. Policy statements approved by the FDIC Board of Directors, selected General Counsel opinions, legal advisory opinions, consumer laws and regulations related to banking, and selected Federal Reserve regulations are also part of the service.

1998-01-01

8

Religious Officials' knowledge, attitude, and behavior towards smoking and the new tobacco law in Kahramanmaras, Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background Tobacco control effort should be first started in people that are looked upon as role models for the general population. We aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of religious officials towards smoking and the new tobacco law. Method The study group was comprised of 492 Imams and 149 Quran course instructors working in Kahramanmaras city of Turkey, 641 religious officials in total, and our survey form was applied on 406 (63.3%) of those religious officials who agreed to participate in the study. Results Twenty-eight (6.9%) participants were current smokers and 35 (8.6%) were ex-smokers. 99.8% of the religious officials believed that smoking was harmful and/or prohibited in terms of religion. While 43.6% respondents thought smoking was "haram" (forbidden by Islam), 56.2% believed it was "makruh" (something regarded as reprehensible, though not forbidden by God according to Islam). 85.2% of the participants were aware of the recent tobacco law. 55.5% of the respondents, who were aware of the recent tobacco law, evaluated their knowledge level on the law as adequate, whereas 44.5% evaluated it as inadequate 92.4% of the participants noted that religious officials should play active roles in tobacco control effort. Conclusion Smoking rate among religious officials is much lower than that of general public. In order to help religious officials to take a more active role on this issue, they should be trained on the subject and appropriate platforms should be established.

2011-01-01

9

15 CFR 758.9 - Other applicable laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...complying with any other law of the United States or rules and regulations issued thereunder, including those governing SEDs, AES records, and manifests, or any applicable rules and regulations of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection or Bureau...

2013-01-01

10

The Place of Regulation Within the Public Law in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the last decade, the Independent Regulatory Agencies (IRA) have occupied a significant place in the Turkish political and\\u000a legal environment. Following the Capital Markets Board, the Radio and Television Supreme Council, the Competition Authority, the Banking Regulatory Agency, the Energy Market Regulatory Agency, the Information Technologies and Communication Authority, the Tobacco Products and Alcoholic Beverages Market Authority, and the

Ali Ulusoy

11

Laws, Regulations, Policies and Procedures for Drug ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Drug, and Cosmetic Act is the basic food and drug law of the US With numerous amendments, it is the most extensive law of its kind in the world. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess

12

FDA Related Laws, Regulations, and Guidances  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Drug, and Cosmetic Act is the basic food and drug law of the US With numerous amendments it is the most extensive law of its kind in the world. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/smallbusinessassistance

13

49 CFR 355.25 - Adopting and enforcing compatible laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Adopting and enforcing compatible laws and regulations. 355.25 Section...SAFETY REGULATIONS COMPATIBILITY OF STATE LAWS AND REGULATIONS AFFECTING INTERSTATE MOTOR...25 Adopting and enforcing compatible laws and regulations. (a) General....

2011-10-01

14

Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the emergency response laws and regulations in place in the various states within the southern region for use by legislators, emergency response planners, the general public and all persons concerned about the existing legal framework for emergency response. SSEB expects to periodically update the report as necessary. Radiation protection regulations without emergency response provisions are not included in the summary. The radiological emergency response laws and regulations of the Southern States Energy Compact member states are in some cases disparate. Several states have very specific laws on radiological emergency response while in others, the statutory law mentions only emergency response to ``natural disasters.`` Some states have adopted extensive regulations on the topic, others have none. For this reason, any general overview must necessarily discuss laws and regulations in general terms. State-by-state breakdowns are given for specific states.

Not Available

1990-06-01

15

48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. ...Operating Contracts 970.5204-2 Laws, regulations, and DOE directives. ...0470-2, insert the following clause: Laws, Regulations, and DOE Directives...

2011-10-01

16

The Effect of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the impact of the extension of compulsory schooling in Turkey from 5 to 8 years on the marriage and fertility behavior of teenage women in Turkey using the 2008 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey. We find that the new education policy reduces the probability of marriage and giving birth for teenage women substantially: the probability of marriage

Murat G. Kirdar; Meltem Dayioglu Tayfur; Ismet Koc

2011-01-01

17

State Laws and Regulations on Genetic Disorders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication was preceded by State Laws Pertaining to Phenylketonuria as of November 1970 published by the Maternal and Child Health Service, Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in 1971. The present publication has...

1980-01-01

18

Geothermal resource development: Laws and regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

California state laws on geothermal power production are discussed. Pertinent federal and state provisions are compared and inconsistencies are reported. The question of designating theothermal resource as a mineral was also reviewed.

J. C. Wharton

1977-01-01

19

The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages,…

Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

1996-01-01

20

The regulation of public social life: Communication law revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complex arena of legal regulations governing public space and the built environment shape the opportunities for and nature of social interaction. This article develops a taxonomy of the indirect or accidental, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces and suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. The taxonomy developed through a case study

Susan J. Drucker; Gary Gumpert

1996-01-01

21

Regulating sport: finding a role for the law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How sport might be regulated in the future is a complex and complicated issue. This essay seeks to analyse, from a theoretical standpoint, the role of law in regulating sport in terms of both consumption and production of sport. It charts historical developments in boxing, football and cricket to examine this and hypothesizes as to potential future developments. In particular

Steve Greenfield; Guy Osborn

2010-01-01

22

Rackets, Regulation and the Rule of Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments that levy predatory regulation and provide few weak legal institutions draw businesses into the unofficial economy and compel them to hire private protection organizations. Based on a survey of shopkeepers in three cities in Russia, we find that retail shops face very high levels of predatory regulation and have frequent contacts with private protection rackets. In addition, we show

Timothy Frye; Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

2000-01-01

23

Handbook of environmental laws and regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

At last - an index to the regulations. That may not be the way Dr. Lee planned it, but that may be the most valuable purpose served by this new publication from HMCRI. And what a valuable thing it is. The book is a tireless compilation of virtually all of the terms in the regulations of Title 40 (environment) of

1992-01-01

24

FDA Laws, Regulations, and Guidance Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 6 The Biologics Control Act was enacted in 1902, and was the beginning of federal regulation of medical products, not just of biological products. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/internationalactivities

25

Still hazy after all these years: the law regulating surrogacy.  

PubMed

In 1997, Margaret Brazier was asked by the then Government to chair a review of the laws regulating surrogacy. The subsequent Brazier Report made a number of recommendations, including the need for greater regulation and the tightening of 'expenses' payments. Fifteen years on, the limitations in the legal regulation of surrogacy have become increasingly clear. Yet, none of Brazier's recommendations have been adopted, despite the clear opportunity for revisiting the regulation of surrogacy offered during the passage of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (2008). In this paper, we revisit the Brazier Report in the light of subsequent developments and assess to what extent its key findings remain salient. Brazier's recommendations will thus provide a jumping off point for a critical analysis of the current state of the law regarding surrogacy. PMID:22318458

Horsey, Kirsty; Sheldon, Sally

2012-02-08

26

Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of the emergency response laws and regulations in place in the various states within the southern region for use by legislators, emergency response planners, the general public and all persons concerned about the existing legal framework for emergency response. SSEB expects to periodically update the report as necessary. Radiation protection regulations without emergency response provisions are not included in the summary.

Not Available

1989-07-01

27

Summary of Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Agricultural Employers, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Close to half of all U.S. farms in 1987, accounting for more than four-fifths of the value of farm product sales, use hired labor. Hired labor's importance to U.S. farm production requires agricultural employers to understand Federal laws and regulations ...

J. L. Runyan

1992-01-01

28

7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Appeals Divison Rules of Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations...part except for proceedings under § 11.5 and § 11.6(a). (b) The Federal Rules of Evidence, 28 U.S.C. App., shall not apply to...

2012-01-01

29

7 CFR 11.4 - Other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Appeals Divison Rules of Procedures § 11.4 Other laws and regulations...part except for proceedings under § 11.5 and § 11.6(a). (b) The Federal Rules of Evidence, 28 U.S.C. App., shall not apply to...

2013-01-01

30

43 CFR 3586.1 - Applicable law and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...3000) SPECIAL LEASING AREAS Sand and Gravel in Nevada § 3586.1 Applicable law and regulations. The Act of June 8, 1926 (44 Stat. 708), authorizes the Secretary to dispose of the reserved minerals in certain lands patented to the...

2012-10-01

31

[Work safety for women in contemporary law regulations].  

PubMed

The article contains information on contemporary Russian law regulations concerning work safety and health preservation of female workers. Special attention is paid to documents covering additional insurance arrangements on work safety and health preservation of pregnant and childbearing women. PMID:16491853

Solov'ev, A P

2006-01-01

32

Unconventional sources of natural gas: laws, regulations and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to this study, unconventional sources of gas appear to be the most likely candidates for domestic energy supplies that can meet the near-term needs of the US while synthetic-gas plants and other alternatives are being developed and constructed. New federal laws and regulations offer incentives for the development of these resources. The Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 calls

1980-01-01

33

The evaluation of feed-in tariff regulation of Turkey for onshore wind energy based on the economic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewable energy sources have become popular with the technological developments, the increase in the price of fossil fuels and the environmental concerns. These factors have also prompted Turkey to utilize her rich renewable energy sources to meet her increasing electricity demand which is around 7% annually. Therefore, the Renewable Energy Law was enacted in 2005 to incentivize the utilization of

2012-01-01

34

State Abortion Policies, Targeted Regulation of Abortion Provider Laws, and Abortion Demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Targeted Regulation of Abortion Provider laws (or TRAP laws) are state laws that apply only to abortion providers and impose on them licensing fees, physical plant\\/personnel regulations, and requirements that exceed those imposed on other comparable health-care providers or medical facilities. According to prochoice supporters, the explicit or implicit goal of TRAP laws is to drive abortion providers from the

Marshall H. Medoff

2010-01-01

35

14 CFR 1274.939 - Application of Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01...Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations. 1274...939 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE...Federal, State, and Local laws and regulations....

2013-01-01

36

[Evolution of pharmaceutical regulations from the origins to Germinal law].  

PubMed

The rising of pharmaceutical regulations took place in the civilisations located around the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greco-Roman world, Byzantine Empire, were followed by Bagdad, where sayadila, inspections and grabadins appeared. The creation of Universities, during the XIIth and XIIIth centuries, plaid a role in the rising of apothecaries communities in Occident. Melfi Constitutions (Constititiones Melfiae, 1231) and new constitutions (1241) inspired most of the regulations of apothecaries communities in Europe. Declaration of the King of France in April 1777 announced the famous "Loi de Germinal", Germinal law, which organized the modern Pharmacy, in 1803. PMID:14763458

Lafont, Olivier

2003-01-01

37

27 CFR 13.51 - Revocation by operation of law or regulation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Revocation by operation of law or regulation. 13.51 Section 13.51...LABELING PROCEEDINGS Revocation by Operation of Law or Regulation § 13.51 Revocation by operation of law or regulation. TTB will not...

2013-04-01

38

42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. 486.100 Section...Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. The supplier of portable...applicable Federal, State, and local laws and regulations. (a)...

2011-10-01

39

Regulations of the Forest Law, 29 June 1988.  

PubMed

These Regulations set forth the administration and duties of various government departments under the Mexican Forest Law. They provide that the National Forest Administration is, among other things, to promote operations designed for the conservation, protection, and restoration of forest resources, especially with respect to disasters of any kind that affect forests, such as pestilence, fires, disease, floods, and acid rain, as well as other destructive and contaminating elements. Further provisions of the Regulations describe efforts to aid reforestation and silviculture to be undertaken by the Secretariat and activities with respect to use permits and forest management. In its efforts to aid reforestation, the Secretariat is to establish nurseries, give assistance to local bodies to establish nurseries, and support reforestation programs financially. Regulations of the General Law on Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection with Respect to Environmental Impact of 6 June 1988 contain provisions requiring the Secretariat of Urban Development and Ecology to formulate general rules on the environmental impact involved in the use of forests. These rules are to set forth measures on prevention, improvement, preservation, restoration, and control. The Secretariat is also to issue ecological protection restrictions on the use of forest resources, which are to be relied on in the evaluation of proposed forest use projects. The Regulations also set forth procedures to be followed in examining use permit applications and information that must be included in such applications. See Diario Oficial, Vol. 417, No. 5, 7 June 1988, p. 28. PMID:12289485

1988-01-01

40

Analysis of environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System, which embodies the “prevention principle” of the environmental law, is an\\u000a important tool for environmental protection. This tool has a private importance for Turkey since it is a developing country,\\u000a and it entered the Turkish law in 1983 with the Environmental Law. Besides, the EIA Regulation, which shows the application\\u000a principles, became effective in

Aynur Ayd?n Co?kun; Ozhan Turker

2011-01-01

41

31 CFR 536.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 536.101 Relation of...

2013-07-01

42

31 CFR 551.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 551.101 Relation of this part to...

2013-07-01

43

31 CFR 541.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ZIMBABWE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 541.101 Relation of this part to...

2013-07-01

44

31 CFR 592.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS CONTROL REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 592.101 Relation of this part to other...

2013-07-01

45

31 CFR 546.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DARFUR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 546.101 Relation of this part to other...

2013-07-01

46

Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations  

PubMed Central

The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success – consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits. Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity. Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention.

Swinburn, Boyd A

2008-01-01

47

Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations.  

PubMed

The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success - consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits.Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity.Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

Swinburn, Boyd A

2008-06-05

48

Regulation of aldosteronogenesis in domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) adrenal steroidogenic cells.  

PubMed

The hormonal and cationic regulation of aldosterone production by freshly isolated turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) adrenal steroidogenic cells was investigated. Angiotensin II (AII), ACTH [human ACTH-(1-39)], and K+ stimulated aldosterone production in a concentration-dependent manner albeit these agents exhibited considerable differences in lag time for the significant stimulation of aldosterone production over basal production. By contrast, Ca2+ was without effect except at a high concentration (10 mM). Although ACTH was more efficacious than AII, it had about one-third the potency of AII for stimulating aldosterone production. However, ACTH potentiated the maximal aldosterone response to AII [maximal enhancement (+499%) at 3 x 10(-10) M ACTH]. Extracellular K+ was an absolute requirement for AII-induced aldosterone production (threshold concentration = 3 mM), and maximal enhancement (+200%) occurred with 5 mM (a physiological concentration). Although extracellular Ca2+ was not an absolute requirement for inducible aldosterone production, it enhanced AII-induced aldosterone production in a concentration-dependent manner [maximal enhancement (+727%) at 3 mM], albeit it did not alter the half-maximal steroidogenic concentration (EC50) of AII. Ca2+ also enhanced maximal ACTH-induced aldosterone production but to a lesser extent (+96% with 1 mM Ca2+). However, Ca2+ dramatically enhanced ACTH potency (ED50) (nearly 100 times at 1 mM Ca2+). The acute augmentation of AII-induced aldosterone production by ACTH, K+, and Ca2+ was not accompanied by increases in the cellular concentration and affinity of AII receptors, suggesting that the agents acted at intracellular loci distal to the AII receptor. Several aspects of the present study with isolated turkey adrenal steroidogenic cells differ markedly from those of studies with isolated chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) adrenal steroidogenic cells and mammalian zona glomerulosa cells, thus suggesting interclass and intraclass differences in homeothermic vertebrate adrenal steroidogenic regulation. PMID:7843558

Kocsis, J F; Boyette, M H; McIlroy, P J; Carsia, R V

1994-10-01

49

Reimagining Human Rights Law: Toward Global Regulation of Transnational Corporations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing human rights law, the body of law that delineates the contours of legal protections for human rights, does not do enough to prevent or provide remedies for corporate-related human rights abuses. Transnational corporations are generally excluded from direct responsibility under international human rights law. The state-centered nature of modern human rights law is inconsistent with the actual power and

Rachel J. Anderson

2010-01-01

50

31 CFR 539.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other Laws and Regulations § 539.101 Relation...

2013-07-01

51

IDEA 1997: Let's Make It Work. Preliminary Analysis: The Law and Regulations. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to assist teachers, parents, and administrators in understanding what the recently reauthorized Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, both law and regulations, now requires, and how the provisions of both the law and regulations affect services and programs for children with disabilities. It provides information…

Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, VA.

52

Proposed safe harbor regulations under the Medicare/Medicaid anti-kickback law.  

PubMed

This article concerns the Medicare/Medicaid anti-kickback law and the recently promulgated "safe harbor" regulations. The author analyzes the proposed regulations and concludes they are an inadequate response to the Congressional directive to clarify the meaning of this law. PMID:10303629

Tranter, J C

1989-01-01

53

Legal workplace policies for drugs and alcohol in Turkey.  

PubMed

The widespread of individual and social problems related to substance use/abuse provoked the new approaches for workplace drug testing systems in the world. Workplace drug testing laws are constructed to protect the community from the consequences of drug use by workers. In Turkey, the legal arrangements on workplace drug testing exist in Turkish Penal Code, Turkish Labour Law, Workplace Physicians Regulations, Maritime Labour Law and Medical Examination Instructions in Highway Transportation Although Turkey has made the initial attempts to develop homogeneous and reliable regulations for workplace drug testing, a detailed workplace policy for drug testing at workplace has still not been provided.. An amendment has been done in the Regulations on Seafarers and a drug test (marijuana, cocaine, amphetamine like drugs and opiate) has been added into the routine tests to take a "Seafarer Health Report". PMID:22362573

Akgür, Serap Annette; Erdem, Asl?; Co?kunol, Hakan

2012-02-01

54

State Initiatives on Alcohol Fuels: A State-By-State Compendium of Laws, Regulations, and Other Activities Involving Alcohol Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides a State by State review of current laws and regulations which directly affect the production and distribution of alcohol fuels. Analysis of over 140 laws and 100 regulations are included in this document. Special attention is given ...

1980-01-01

55

49 CFR 350.341 - What specific variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM...laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and...used to transport 16 or more people, including the driver. ...retain those exemptions from its motor carrier safety laws and...

2009-10-01

56

49 CFR 350.341 - What specific variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY REGULATIONS COMMERCIAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM...laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and...used to transport 16 or more people, including the driver. ...retain those exemptions from its motor carrier safety laws and...

2010-10-01

57

42 CFR 485.608 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal laws and regulations related to the health and safety of patients. (b) Standard: Compliance with State and local laws and regulations. All patient care services are furnished in accordance with...

2011-10-01

58

42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed... TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Construction Other § 137.377 Do...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements...

2012-10-01

59

Hydrocarbons and the Law of the Sea in the Eastern Mediterranean: Implications for Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of Cypriot oil seems to be gathering importance, and interested parties are trying to place themselves in positions of advantage. Large oil companies from the United States, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Norway, and Russia seem to be interested in investing in the prospect of hydrocarbon deposits in Cyprus's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Turkey has not recognized the

Theodore C. Kariotis

2011-01-01

60

Hydrocarbons and the Law of the Sea in the Eastern Mediterranean: Implications for Cyprus, Greece, and Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The issue of Cypriot oil seems to be gathering importance, and interested parties are trying to place themselves in positions of advantage. Large oil companies from the United States, China, France, Germany, Great Britain, Norway, and Russia seem to be interested in investing in the prospect of hydrocarbon deposits in Cyprus's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Turkey has not recognized the

Theodore C. Kariotis

2011-01-01

61

49 CFR 350.341 - What specific variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing motor carriers...variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing motor carriers...may exempt a CMV from all or part of its laws or regulations applicable to...

2011-10-01

62

49 CFR 350.335 - What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...What are the consequences if my State has laws or regulations incompatible with the Federal...that currently has compatible CMV safety laws and regulations pertaining to...

2011-10-01

63

Citizens' guides to ocean and coastal law: Guide to laws regulating coastal water pollution  

SciTech Connect

The pamphlet is intended to help citizens, like those participating in water quality monitoring programs, who want to understand the complex nature of state, federal, and local laws that apply to the chief sources of coastal water pollution: point source pollution--pollution discharged from pipes which require state and federal permits; and nonpoint source pollution--generally unregulated runoff from agricultural operations and urban land uses, timber harvesting (silviculture), and construction activities. The pamphlet explains the legal standards and penalties established by coastal water quality laws so that citizens can better participate in the implementation and enforcement of these laws.

Not Available

1993-01-01

64

An Analysis of New Foreign Student Related Provisions in Federal and State Laws and Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 2002, President Bush signed in to law the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Reform Act (Public Law No. 107-173), which contains provisions that will affect foreign students and colleges and universities. In addition, the U. S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) has implemented proposed and interim regulations that affect visa…

Connecticut State Board of Governors for Higher Education, Hartford.

65

7 CFR 4288.104 - Compliance with other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PAYMENT PROGRAMS Advanced Biofuel Payment Program General Provisions § 4288.104 Compliance with other laws and regulations. (a) Advanced biofuel producers must comply with other applicable...

2013-01-01

66

6 CFR 27.405 - Review and preemption of State laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 27.405 Domestic Security DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY CHEMICAL FACILITY ANTI-TERRORISM STANDARDS Other § 27.405 Review and preemption of State laws and regulations. (a) As per current...

2013-01-01

67

76 FR 9968 - Regulation for the Enforcement of Federal Health Care Provider Conscience Protection Laws  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Part 88 RIN...Regulation for the Enforcement of Federal Health Care Provider Conscience Protection Laws...SUMMARY: The Department of Health and Human Services issues this final...

2011-02-23

68

Regulations to Implement Public Law 96-320, The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act of 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The regulations discussed in this analysis implement Public Law 96-320, the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Act of 1980, by establishing a regulatory system which will permit and encourage commercial development of OTEC technology. In addition the ...

1981-01-01

69

Differential expression of calcium-regulating genes in heat-stressed turkey breast muscle is associated with meat quality.  

PubMed

Aberrant postmortem Ca(2+)-regulation in the early postmortem period is associated with the occurrence of inferior meat quality in turkeys, described as pale, soft, and exudative (PSE). The objective of the current study was to quantify expression of 4 candidate genes responsible for maintaining Ca(2+) homeostasis in turkey skeletal muscle as a function of heat stress: ? and ? ryanodine receptors (RYR; Ca(2+)-release channels), the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 1 (SERCA1), and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca(2+)-storage protein calsequestrin (CASQ1). Two genetic lines of turkeys were used: a growth-selected commercial line and a randombred control line. Market-age birds were subjected to one of 5 heat stress treatments: no heat, 1 d, 3 d, 5 d, or 7 d of heat followed by 7 d of ambient temperature. Breast muscle samples were harvested and classified as normal or PSE using the meat quality parameters percentage of marinade uptake and percentage of cook loss. These parameters differed significantly by line, heat stress treatment, and meat quality status. Expression of candidate genes was measured using TaqMan quantitative PCR. Heat treatment was associated with significantly enhanced expression of ?RYR, ?RYR, and CASQ1 in normal muscle from both lines. Conversely, mRNA abundance of these genes was reduced in PSE muscle from both lines and recovered or increased by 7 d + 7 d of rest. Genetic line differences were observed at several time points. Expression of SERCA1 in both normal and PSE samples from both lines was unchanged or trended downward with heat stress. Taken together, genetic line and heat-stress treatment affected the expression of important Ca(2+)-regulating genes in association with meat quality status. The data suggest that birds whose meat leads to PSE may fail to respond to heat stress appropriately due to a delay in the upregulation of the important calcium-regulating genes: ?RYR, ?RYR, and CASQ1. PMID:22582302

Sporer, K R B; Zhou, H-R; Linz, J E; Booren, A M; Strasburg, G M

2012-06-01

70

4 CFR 8.1 - Applicable law and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...regulations. The provisions of subpart G, title 5, United States Code and implementing regulations for the Executive...covering compensation for work injuries, retirement, unemployment compensation, life insurance, and health...

2012-01-01

71

Technology, Free Expression, and the Law: Should the Internet be Regulated in the Same Manner as the Broadcast Media?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines questions of Internet regulation by comparison with other forms of media and regulations applying to them. Discusses legal issues of free speech, content regulation, intellectual property rights, and commercial law. Concludes that in law-enforcement terms, the Internet is different from mass media and cannot be regulated easily. (DSK)|

Weinberg, Jonathan

1998-01-01

72

The Making of European Private Law: Regulation and Governance design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current debate on the desirability and modes of formation of European Private Law (“EPL”) is engaging a wide number of scholars and institutions. Current work concerns the search for a common core of EPL, the rationalisation of the acquis communautaire, the design of a European Civil Code. These ongoing projects raise at least two related questions concerning the challenges

Fabrizio Cafaggi; Horatia Muir Watt

2007-01-01

73

Executive Regulations and Agency Interpretations: Binding Law or Mere Guidance? Developments in Federal Judicial Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains constitutional and statutory underpinnings of the Supreme Court's shift from broadly deferring to executive regulation to imposing a more critical inquiry. Discusses why some executive regulations are merely advisory and not "rules of law" that require either judicial deference or university compliance. Analyzes key Supreme Court cases…

Langhauser, Derek P.

2002-01-01

74

State Board of Education Rules for Special Education Services [Texas] (Including Federal Regulations and State Law.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document presents state (Texas) Board of Education rules parallel with the relevant federal regulations and state laws concerning requirements for special education services. A detailed table of contents lists state and federal regulations separately and provides access to information concerning the following general areas: clarifications of…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Special Education Programs.

75

Analysis of environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in Turkey.  

PubMed

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System, which embodies the "prevention principle" of the environmental law, is an important tool for environmental protection. This tool has a private importance for Turkey since it is a developing country, and it entered the Turkish law in 1983 with the Environmental Law. Besides, the EIA Regulation, which shows the application principles, became effective in 1993. Because Turkey is a candidate for European Union (EU), the EIA Regulation has been changed due to the EU compliance procedure, and its latest version became valid in 2008. This study aims to emphasize The EIA system in Turkey to supervise the efficiency of this procedure and point the success level. In the introduction part, general EIA concept, its importance, and some notations are mentioned. Following that, the legislation, which builds the EIA system, has been analyzed starting from the 1982 Turkish Constitution. Then, the legislation rules are explained due to the basic steps of the EIA procedure. In order to shed light upon the application, the EIA final decisions given until today, the results, and their distributions to the industries are assessed. In the final part of the study, a SWOT analysis is made to mention the weaknesses, strengths, opportunities, and threats of the EIA system in Turkey. PMID:20521100

Co?kun, Aynur Ayd?n; Turker, Ozhan

2010-06-04

76

On the selection of control-law coefficients for multi-loop PWM switching regulators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between the control-law coefficients and the closed-loop transfer functions for second-order, multiloop, pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) switching regulators is examined. Detailed results are presented for input impedance, output-current susceptibility, input-voltage susceptibility, and output impedance of the basic buck, boost, and buck-boost regulators. The relationship is used as a basis for selecting the feedback and feed-forward coefficients for maximum performance of the regulators.

Mitchell, Daniel M.; Schoneman, George K.

77

Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case involving the mental health rights of children is currently working its way toward the Supreme Court. That case, Bartley v. Kremens, challenges the power of parents to institutionalize their children in mental hospitals or institutions for the retarded without due process of law. (Author/RK)|

Ellis, James W.

1976-01-01

78

Special Education Law: Case Summaries and Federal Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents summaries of state and federal special education court cases from approximately 1980 through 1992 and the federal regulations for Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as amended through March 1993. Cases are grouped by issue addressed and include a citation and a one-paragraph summary of the…

Thomas, Stephen B.; Denzinger, Carol A.

79

Intravenous drug abuse and AIDS transmission: Federal and State laws regulating needle availability.  

PubMed

This paper has surveyed the laws restricting the use of hypodermic needles and syringes for injection of illegal drugs. It has reviewed the constitutional basis for these laws and concluded that they are on sound footing. There is a new Federal law regulating needles and syringes in interstate commerce, but it is too early to tell how expansively it will be implemented. A large majority of States have drug paraphernalia laws that govern needles and syringes, and a smaller number have laws that require prescriptions for the sale and possession of needles and syringes. Some local jurisdictions also have laws, but these were not specifically reviewed. Altogether, a breadth of relevant laws govern the manufacture, sale, use or possession, advertisement, and interstate commerce of needles and syringes intended for use with illegal drugs. Any attempt by scientists or public health officials to accurately study the effect of these legal restrictions on the HIV infection rates in differing jurisdictions must comprehensively consider the applicable laws. Likewise, attempts at legislative change must also identify each law that would apply. Prosecutorial discretion has been discussed as it relates to the decision not to prosecute offenses involving the illegal use of needles and syringes. While prosecutorial discretion is most likely to be used by prosecutors in individual cases, it provides a legally sound approach for a prosecutor who decides not to enforce the needle and syringe laws across the board as part of an HIV infection control program. Although this approach has not yet been adopted in this country, a prosecutor's decision not to enforce these laws might allow the establishment of an experimental program, such as one for needle exchange, that could serve as a laboratory for legislative initiatives. PMID:3136338

Pascal, C B

1988-01-01

80

Uniform laws and regulations as adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures (72nd), 1987  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The handbook, revised annually, compiles the uniform laws and regulations developed by the Committee on Laws and Regulations of the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM). The compilation itself was approved by the NCWM in 1979, and this edition includes amendments adopted by the Conference at its annual meeting in 1987. The edition also contains a new motor fuel inspection law and regulation. The NCWM recommends adoption and promulgation by the states of these uniform laws and regulations as updated in the handbook.

Brickenkamp, Carroll S.

1987-09-01

81

International Space Law: A Basis for National Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Each state regulates space activities for its own specific reasons. However, the most important reason and one common basis\\u000a for doing so is a state’s international responsibility for national activities in outer space as specified under several international\\u000a space treaties and other instruments. This chapter discusses the relevant provisions of some of such treaties and instruments\\u000a in order to delineate

Ronald L. Spencer

82

28 CFR 97.22 - No pre-emption of federal, State, or local laws or regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...not limited to: federal laws regulating the possession of weapons, Federal Aviation Administration or Transportation Security Administration rules and regulations governing travel on commercial aircraft, and all applicable federal, State,...

2013-07-01

83

77 FR 60343 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 53 [FAR Case 2011-018; Docket 2011-0018; Sequence 1] RIN 9000-AM30 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 Correction In proposed rule document 2012-21874, appearing on pages 57950- 57979 in the...

2012-10-03

84

Occupational Health and Safety Legislation: A Compilation of State Laws and Regulations (Revised Edition).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is an updated edition of the 1954 issue of Public Health Service Bulletin No. 357. It consists of citations and excerpts or digests of State laws and regulations dealing with occupational health and safety. No attempt has been made to eval...

1970-01-01

85

Providing a Metric Option. Can Laws and Regulations be Amended in a Timely Manner.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the United States Metric Board report to the Congress on the need to provide an effective structural mechanism for converting customer units to metric units in statues, regulations and other laws at all levels of govern...

1979-01-01

86

First Law regulating school canteens in Brazil: evaluation after seven years of implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity among schoolchildren in Brazil and worldwide has shown that strategies to promote healthy eating habits are needed. Santa Catarina was the first Brazilian State to promulgate specific legislation to regulate the food commercialized in schools (Law nº 12.061\\/2001). The objective was to assess the functioning of school canteens in eight key municipalities

Cristine Garcia Gabriel; Dalton Francisco de Andrade; Soares Schmitz

2009-01-01

87

Negative impacts of abandoned urbanisation projects in the Spanish coast and its regulation in the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

CARRERO, R.; MALVÁREZ, G.; NAVAS, F., and TEJADA, M., 2009. Negative consequences on abandoned urbanisation projects in the Spanish coast and its regulation in the Law. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 56 (Proceedings of the 10th International Coastal Symposium), 1120 - 1124, Lisbon, Portugal, ISBN 0749-0258 Rapid economic growth in Spain has been strongly linked to the building sector, with

R. Carrero; F. Navas; M. Tejada

88

Exploring Faraday's Law of Electrolysis Using Zinc-Air Batteries with Current Regulative Diodes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current regulative diodes (CRDs) are applied to develop new educational experiments on Faraday's law by using a zinc-air battery (PR2330) and a resistor to discharge it. The results concluded that the combination of zinc-air batteries and the CRD array is simpler, less expensive, and quantitative and gives accurate data.|

Kamata, Masahiro; Paku, Miei

2007-01-01

89

Assessment of compliance performance of environmental regulations of industries in Tuzla (Istanbul, Turkey).  

PubMed

Although environmental management in Turkey is evolving, its performance needs to be assessed in terms of the extent to which polluters and dischargers are complying with their legal obligations. In spite of this necessity, however, not a single study evaluating the effectiveness of command-and-control strategy of environmental management has been conducted. It is for this reason that it was decided to conduct an analysis of the impact of environmental legislation on a major industrial area in Turkey. Accordingly, Turkish environmental legislation was analyzed, and all relevant obligations and responsibilities of industry are identified. Based upon this appraisal, a questionnaire was prepared and used to conduct interviews in Tuzla, Istanbul. From the results, it can be concluded that environmental compliance performance of industry is low. The total of 92 parameters has been questioned. Fifty-three parameters have been found as satisfactory compliance, whereas 26 parameters have been classified as partial compliance and 13 as unsatisfactory compliance. The most important reason for inadequate performance is the lack of an effective national and local environmental compliance management system. The other leading reasons are found to be low-level environmental consciousness of the people, absence of environmental management system at the sites, inadequacies in environmental subsidies, and insufficiencies in public environmental infrastructure. Four recommendations are made to increase the effectiveness of compliance management: establishing an effective environmental compliance management system, accelerating public investment for environmental infrastructure, developing financial subsidies and incentive schemes for environmental investments, and encouraging voluntary initiatives. PMID:17342552

Yasamis, Firuz D

2007-04-01

90

25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? 247.5 Section 247.5 Indians...ACCESS SITES § 247.5 What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites? You may use access sites only if...

2013-04-01

91

12 CFR 335.901 - Delegation of authority to act on matters with respect to disclosure laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Delegation of authority to act on matters with respect to disclosure laws and regulations...901 Delegation of authority to act on matters with respect to disclosure laws and regulations...or area director, to act on disclosure matters under and pursuant to sections...

2013-01-01

92

An Evaluation Regarding the Current Situation of Stem Cell Studies in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is in a parallel state to that of other countries for developments in stem cell research and practices. Nevertheless,\\u000a Turkish law has no regulations for stem cell practices. To define a legal framework for stem cell research, rules of general\\u000a content should be used as the starting point. In 2005 and 2006, a general regulation and guidelines on stem

Berna Arda; Ahmet Ac?duman

2009-01-01

93

49 CFR 350.331 - How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the FMCSRs and HMRs?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the...350.331 How does a State ensure its laws and regulations are compatible with the...HMRs? (a) A State must review any new law or regulation affecting CMV safety...

2011-10-01

94

42 CFR 418.116 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...regulations related to the health and safety of patients. 418.116 Section 418...regulations related to the health and safety of patients. The hospice and its...regulations related to the health and safety of patients. If State or local law...

2012-10-01

95

41 CFR 102-74.455 - What impact do the rules and regulations in this subpart have on other laws or regulations?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false What impact do the rules and regulations in this subpart...MANAGEMENT Conduct on Federal Property Impact on Other Laws Or Regulations § 102-74.455 What impact do the rules and regulations in this...

2013-01-01

96

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

Agency., United S.

97

General Outlook on Turkish Librarianship: UNAK-Turkish Platform of Law Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to give an overview of education of librarians, professional associations, publications and the types of libraries in Turkey. In addition, the activities of the Turkish Platform of Law Librarians and law librarianship in Turkey are presented.

Sami Çukadar; Kerem Kahvecio?lu

2010-01-01

98

Law environment, government regulation and implicit contract: Empirical evidence from the scandals of China’s listed companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China’s transitional economy, government regulation could be a substitute for the lack of law mechanism and regulator’s\\u000a power could spill over into other areas not regulated. Then, theoretically it could construct implicit contracts. For example,\\u000a China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) has the rights to choose initial public offering(IPO) firms among applicants.\\u000a It might construct implicit contracts between CSRC and

Donghua Chen; Tiesheng Zhang; Xiang Li

2008-01-01

99

What's Law Got To Do With it? How and Why Law Matters in the Regulation of Sex Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on recent empirical work that considers the relationship between different legal approaches to the ‘problem’ of prostitution, this article argues that the frequently drawn distinction between apparently diametrically opposed positions, such as prohibitionism and legalization, is certainly less significant than is often assumed and may, in fact, be illusory. This lack of distinction raises serious questions as to law's

J ane S coular

2010-01-01

100

Directional Diffusion Regulator (DDR) for some numerical solvers of hyperbolic conservation laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computational tool called "Directional Diffusion Regulator (DDR)" is proposed to bring forth real multidimensional physics into the upwind discretization in some numerical schemes of hyperbolic conservation laws. The direction based regulator when used with dimension splitting solvers, is set to moderate the excess multidimensional diffusion and hence cause genuine multidimensional upwinding like effect. The basic idea of this regulator driven method is to retain a full upwind scheme across local discontinuities, with the upwind bias decreasing smoothly to a minimum in the farthest direction. The discontinuous solutions are quantified as gradients and the regulator parameter across a typical finite volume interface or a finite difference interpolation point is formulated based on fractional local maximum gradient in any of the weak solution flow variables (say density, pressure, temperature, Mach number or even wave velocity etc.). DDR is applied to both the non-convective as well as whole unsplit dissipative flux terms of some numerical schemes, mainly of Local Lax-Friedrichs, to solve some benchmark problems describing inviscid compressible flow, shallow water dynamics and magneto-hydrodynamics. The first order solutions consistently improved depending on the extent of grid non-alignment to discontinuities, with the major influence due to regulation of non-convective diffusion. The application is also experimented on schemes such as Roe, Jameson-Schmidt-Turkel and some second order accurate methods. The consistent improvement in accuracy either at moderate or marked levels, for a variety of problems and with increasing grid size, reasonably indicate a scope for DDR as a regular tool to impart genuine multidimensional upwinding effect in a simpler framework.

Jaisankar, S.; Sheshadri, T. S.

2013-01-01

101

Pharmaceutical marketing practices: balancing public health and law enforcement interests; moving beyond regulation-through-litigation.  

PubMed

Fraudulent or abusive sales and marketing practices by pharmaceutical companies can result in costly overutilization of products that are increasingly paid for by government healthcare programs and may result in adverse health and safety consequences to the patient-beneficiaries of those programs. Federal enforcement efforts in this area are largely modeled on those used to combat white-collar crime, with cases taking years to reach conclusion. This approach overlooks the impact on patients who receive unnecessary care or are denied access to appropriate care during the course of the investigation. Many states are beginning to regulate certain pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices, but state-by-state regulation ignores the importance of a uniform federal regulatory and enforcement approach in an area already occupied by federal law. This Article explores current federal and state efforts to limit overutilization, fraud, and abuse in the sale and marketing of prescription drugs, and illustrates the merits of an expanded role for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate pharmaceutical sales and marketing practices. This approach borrows lessons learned from the FDA's efficient and effective regulatory and enforcement methods and maintains a careful balance between the interests of patient-beneficiaries, the government and industry. PMID:17002233

Zalesky, Christopher D

2006-01-01

102

Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control.  

PubMed

This paper examines changes in the regulation of sexuality in Indonesia in the period since 1980 as seen through state, religious and lesbian and gay activist discourses on sexuality. Three different eras during that period of Indonesian history are compared. Under the New Order regime of Suharto, the Indonesian state sought to control sexuality through a deployment of gender. During the 1990s, state Islamic discourses of sexuality shifted in response to international pressures to support same-sex marriage and sexual rights. During the third period following the end of the Suharto regime in 1998, a conservative Islamic minority pushed for more restrictive laws in the State Penal Code, initiating intense public debate on the role of the state in questions of sexuality and morality. Over this time period, the dominant discourse on sexuality moved from strategically linking normative gender with heterosexuality and marriage to direct attempts to legislate heterosexual marriage by criminalizing a wide range of sexual practices. PMID:17457732

Blackwood, Evelyn

103

An Analysis of the Scope of Federal Laws and Regulations Controlling Exposures to Substances Which Cause Occupational Respiratory and Pulmonary Diseases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the findings from a study of the scope of laws and regulations covering pulmonary and respiratory hazards. The analytic approach consisted of first developing a basic inventory of relevant regulated substances, then determining the ra...

P. Tabas G. E. Fax M. B. Phillips

1979-01-01

104

Fifty Educational Markets: A Playbook of State Laws and Regulations Governing Private Schools. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a widespread misperception that private schools avoid government oversight or are "unregulated." In fact, private schools are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations that run the gamut from reasonable rules to ensure health and safety to unreasonable rules that interfere with school curricula, preventing schools from pursuing…

Hammons, Christopher

2008-01-01

105

36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests...other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? (a) In addition to the...

2013-07-01

106

Municipal solid waste management strategies in Turkey.  

PubMed

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is a major environmental problem in Turkey, as in many developing countries. Problems associated with municipal solid waste are difficult to address, but efforts towards more efficient collection and transportation and environmentally acceptable waste disposal continue in Turkey. Although strict regulations on the management of solid waste are in place, primitive disposal methods such as open dumping and discharge into surface water have been used in various parts of Turkey. This study presents a brief history of the legislative trends in Turkey for MSW management. The study also presents the MSW responsibility and management structure together with the present situation of generation, composition, recycling, and treatment. The results show that approximately 25 million ton of MSW are generated annually in Turkey. About 77% of the population receives MSW services. In spite of efforts to change open dumping areas into sanitary landfills and to build modern recycling and composting facilities, Turkey still has over 2000 open dumps. PMID:18644708

Turan, N Gamze; Coruh, Semra; Akdemir, Andaç; Ergun, Osman Nuri

2008-07-21

107

Law and Technology. Legal Regulations for Installations, Equipment and Materials in the German and European Law Systems. Lectures and Discussions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The book presents the lectures and discussions of a symposium held in November 1984. The main themes of the lectures deal with the legal regulations for technological subjects, and their effects on the economy and society. Some papers discuss the legal pr...

R. Lukes

1984-01-01

108

An analysis of the scope of federal laws and regulations controlling exposures to substances which cause occupational respiratory and pulmonary diseases. Final report, September 1978December 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the findings from a study of the scope of laws and regulations covering pulmonary and respiratory hazards. The analytic approach consisted of first developing a basic inventory of relevant regulated substances, then determining the range of toxic effects regulated, and finally identifying the range of work place settings covered by the regulations. Each substance listed in the

P. Tabas; G. E. Fax; M. B. Phillips

1979-01-01

109

Integrated care in Norway: the state of affairs years after regulation by law  

PubMed Central

Introduction A mandatory multidisciplinary plan for individual care, the ‘Individual care Plan’, was introduced by law in Norway in 2001. The regulation was established to meet the need for improved efficiency and quality of health and social services, and to increase patient involvement. The plan was intended for patients with long-term and complex needs for coordinated care. The aim of this study was to elaborate on knowledge of such planning processes in Norwegian municipalities. Method A piloted questionnaire was sent to 92 randomly selected municipalities in 2005–2006, addressing local organization and participation in the work with individual care plans. Local political governance, size of the population, funds available for health care, and problems related to living conditions were indicators for analysing the extent to which the individual care plan was used five years after the regulation was introduced. Results Our results showed that 0.5% as opposed to an expected 3% of the population had an individual care plan. This was independent of the political, social and financial situation in the municipalities or the way the planning process had been carried out. The planning process was mostly taken care of by local health and social care professionals, rather than by hospital staff and general practitioners. Discussion and conclusion The low number of care plans and the oblique responsibility among professionals for planning showed that the objectives of the national initiative had not been achieved. More research is needed to determine the reasons for this lack of success and to contribute to solutions for improved multidisciplinary cooperation.

Bjerkan, Jorunn; Richter, Marie; Grimsmo, Anders; Helles?, Ragnhild; Brender, Jytte

2011-01-01

110

Decree No. 1991, Regulations to the Law on Foreigners, 30 June 1986.  

PubMed

Among other things, these Regulations set forth rules on requirements for visas established in the Ecuador Law on Foreigners. They list the amounts of income from abroad or investments in Ecuador required of foreigners entering Ecuador with immigrant visas, documents needed by persons working permanently in enterprises and institutions under immigrant visas, and methods of proof of dependency for persons entering on immigrant visas as dependents. In this context, they provide that persons with foreign income must receive at least $1,000 per month, with an increase of 80% Ecuadorian personnel; that persons entering as workers must inform authorities of changes in work status; and that persons entering as dependents may themselves work only if their sponsor dies or the means of subsistence of the sponsor decrease. The Regulations also set forth requirements for persons entering Ecuador on nonimmigrant visas, such as refugees, students, temporary workers, religious personnel, and those in transit. With respect to refugees, the rules provide that false statements made in an application will trigger an expulsion order; that foreign nationals coming from a country other than that where they suffered persecution will not be admitted unless they were in that country in direct transit; that refugees may not leave the country without express permission; and that, if the conditions justifying asylum change, a refugee will be required to leave the country. With respect to workers, the rules provide that an applicant must show a need for a foreign worker that cannot be fulfilled by an Ecuadorian worker and must show a work contract or appointment. With respect to those in transit, the rules provide that no visa is required and that entry will be denied to those lacking permission to enter the country of destination and transit through countries bordering Ecuador that are on their route. Persons in this category may stay in Ecuador for only a limited time--usually 10 days for persons en route and three months for visitors. The Regulations also contain provisions on the modification of immigration status, including the rule that the status of those in transit may not be modified. In addition, they set forth the functions of the Consultative Council on Migration Policy. Among these is the task of promoting internal migration to sparsely populated areas of the country. PMID:12289333

1988-01-01

111

General View of Teacher Education Policies of Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the teacher education system in Turkey. It includes an overview of the history of modern teacher education in the country and outlines the current system. The present system actually began in 1924 with the Law on Unification of Education when all schools in Turkey were brought under a Ministry of National Education.…

Gursimsek, Isik; And Others

112

Perceived Impact of Federal Laws and/or Regulations on Productivity Innovation in the Food Distribution Industry. A Fact Finding Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose of study was to ascertain which, if any, productivity innovations in food distribution have been significantly impeded by corporate concerns about Federal laws and/or regulations prohibiting anticompetitive collusion. The hypotheses were: (1) Food...

D. J. Bowersox R. M. Monczka

1978-01-01

113

Wisconsin Environmental Law Handbook  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an analysis of business' obligations in sections on: Wisconsin's Environmental Policy Act; Surface Water Regulation and Zoning; Water Pollution Discharge Permits; Air Pollution Control; Solid Waste and Recycling; Hazardous Waste Management; Hazardous Substance Control and Reporting; Groundwater Law and Regulations; Mining Laws and Regulations; Common Law Liability and Insurance; and Environmental Enforcement.

Not Available

1990-01-01

114

31 CFR 598.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation of This Part to Other...of this chapter, including part 536 of this chapter, âNarcotics Trafficking Sanctions Regulations,â with the...

2013-07-01

115

31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation... The sanctions implemented pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations set forth in part...

2009-07-01

116

31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation... The sanctions implemented pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations set forth in part...

2013-07-01

117

31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS Relation... The sanctions implemented pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations set forth in part...

2010-07-01

118

The Regulation of Women's Pay: From Individual Rights to Reflexive Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legislation mandating equality of pay between women and men was among the earliest forms of sex discrimination legislation to be adopted in Britain. However, the model embodied in the Equal Pay Act 1970 is increasingly being questioned: the law is, at one and the same time, highly complex and difficult to apply, while apparently contributing little to the further narrowing

Simon Deakin; Colm McLaughlin

2007-01-01

119

Romanian Decision on Currency Market Regulations Under Law No. 15/1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text in English of decision on implementation of some provisions of Law No. 15/1990 and setting up of currency market operations, with a view to transition to convertibility of 'leu' effective 1/16/91, by Government of Romania.

1991-01-01

120

Turkey`s energy insecurity  

SciTech Connect

The economic boom underway throughout much of the developing world today is spurring a surge in energy markets the likes of which have not been seen since the 1960s. The International Energy Agency projects that developing countries` energy use will nearly double by 2010, and that their share of the world total will grow from the current 27 percent to 40 percent. While such figures can be seen as signs of progress, they bear seeds of danger as well. If the new demand is met mainly by fossil fuels, rising oil prices and spreading environmental damage could undermine the economic development that extended energy use is intended to trigger. Turkey is a country that epitomizes the dilemma. A cultural bridge between East and West, and a geographic one between oil producers and consumers, Turkey lies at the crossroads of the industrial and developing worlds. Occupying a territory more than twice the size of Germany or Japan, it has a population of 60 million - projected to reach 80 million by 2010 - and a rapidly industrializing economy. Yet, in its per capita income and energy use, it is closer to Brazil or Thailand than to its industrialized fellow members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This article looks both at the present energy supplies and needs of Turkey and its future energy supplies in terms of alternative energy resources such as sunlight and wind and increasing natural gas imports. Emphasis on the less expensive and technology intense energy would decrease the need to plan for the huge burdens of nuclear energy.

Tunali, O.

1995-07-01

121

15 CFR 990.24 - Compliance with other applicable laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE OIL POLLUTION ACT REGULATIONS NATURAL RESOURCE...limited to: the Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. ; the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. 1451 et...

2013-01-01

122

Terrorism Effects on Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to add to the understanding of the dangers of international terrorism as those affect Turkey. Turkey has been the unique target of international terrorism since 1965. Taking into consideration her geographical location, social...

T. Olcay

1991-01-01

123

A law of star formation in disk galaxies - Evidence for self-regulating feedback  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The assumption that the pressure in the interstellar medium is derived from energetic processes associated with star formation and with the older stellar population is shown to lead to a law of star formation which is applicable to all disk galaxies. This states that the rate of star formation per unit total mass is linearly related to the ratio of gas to total surface densities. The star formation rate decreases exponentially in a given galaxy, but the gas content declines to a finite limit. The solution is characterized by two natural time scales, a gas depletion time scale, tau0, and an equipartition time scale, tau1, which is the inverse of the specific rate of star formation at which the pressure produced by young stars in the interstellar medium matches the pressure generated by the older population. Real galaxies appear to obey this law of star formation and it is found that tau0 = (2-4) x 10 to the 9th yr, tau1/tau sub 0 = 0.005 (+0.002, -0.003) gives the best fit to the data. In galaxies in which the rate of star formation determines the pressure of the disk medium, it is also shown that the rate of star formation is directly proportional to the product of the total mass and the mean surface density of gas.

Dopita, M. A.

1985-08-01

124

National Legal Basis of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vocational and technical education is extremely important for a country to develop. This study was conducted in order to introduce and analyze the national legal grounds of vocational and technical education in Turkey. Thus, 1982 Constitution was examined firstly. Then the rules about vocational and technical education in National Education Basic Law (No. 1739) were investigated. Besides, Vocational Education Law

Yasemin KARAMAN

125

Turkey's Constitutional Zigzags  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is unique among contemporary Muslim societies. Modern Turkey emerged as a nation-state after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the abolition of the Caliphate in 1924 and has been a republic since 1923. Discarding the theological trappings of the Ottoman state, where the sultan was also the caliph, Turkey opted for the privatization of the Muslim faith, along

Seyla Benhabib

2009-01-01

126

Regulating Internet Indecency: Is a Law Limiting Access to Internet Sites Constitutionally Possible?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observes that, while indecent materials constitute a small percent of the materials on the World Wide Web, they have received much attention because they are easy to search out or stumble upon. Discusses legal issues surrounding the Communications Decency Act and other pending legislation for regulating the Internet. (DSK)

Saunders, Kevin W.

1998-01-01

127

Life in a Regulated Environment: Do You Comply with Environmental Laws?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the following issues: (1) implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act; (2) Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act regulations; (3) new lead guidelines; (4) requirements regarding underground storage tanks; (5) potential indoor air quality requirements; and (6) Occupational Safety and Health Administration guidelines. (MLF)|

McKeague, Kevin J.

1994-01-01

128

Regulating Water Quality: Policy, Standards, and Laws. January 1993 - January 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 127 citations in this annotated bibliography provide a substantial resource describing recent investigations on the regulation of water quality. The listing, prepared by NAL's Water Quality Information Center, is part of the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library (NAL), intended primarily for communicating current…

Makuch, Joe

129

50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1361 et seq. ), the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq. ), the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 701 et seq. ), and their implementing regulations...

2011-10-01

130

Community Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: a Difficult Relationship Between Law and Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:The European Community legislator regulates the area of genetically modified organisms according to the precautionary principle, which implies keeping a distance from scientific results in decision-making. However, a positivist approach continues to exist within the same legislation. Paradoxically, this approach is promoted by the means of implementation of the precautionary principle. But to a large extent, it takes root in

Zeynep Kivilcim Forsman

2004-01-01

131

Impact of state environmental laws and regulations on emerging energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of state environmental requirements on several emerging energy technologies. Specifically, the study focuses on the regulations of nine states and five technologies. The states are California, Colorado, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. The technologies are coal liquefaction, enhanced gas recovery, coal gasification, enhanced oil recovery, and

Wellborn

1979-01-01

132

Mastering the Maze: A Guide to the Labyrinth of Laws that Regulate Campus Fund Raisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outlines four major areas of legal compliance that college and university fund raisers should be aware of: registration of soliciting organizations (solicitation type and parameters); provision of documents on demand; telemarketing and direct mail regulations (disclosure statements, calling-time restrictions); and the trustees' relationship with…

Fuerst, Rita A.

1998-01-01

133

LAGOONS, LITTER AND THE LAW: CAFO REGULATION AS SOCIAL RISK POLITICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restructuring of the animal agriculture indus- try in the United States, a response to globalization dynamics within the world economy, has created a new social risk profile which did not exist in this industry prior to the adoption of factory farm technology. Analysis of the CAFO (concentrated animal feeding operation) regulation debate in Kentucky illustrates the political economy genesis

Larry L. Burmeister

2002-01-01

134

‘New Governance’ in European Corporate Law Regulation as Transnational Legal Pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present transformation of European corporate governance regulation mirrors the challenges that have been facing the EU's continuously evolving polity, marked by tensions between centralised integration programmes, on the one hand, and Member State's embedded capitalisms, path-dependencies and rent-seeking, on the other. As longstanding concerns with remaining obstacles to more mobility for workers, services, business entities and capital in recent

Peer Zumbansen

2009-01-01

135

Evaluation of research ethics committees in Turkey  

PubMed Central

In Turkey, there was no legal regulation of research on human beings until 1993. In that year "the amendment relating to drug researches" was issued. The main objectives of the regulation are to establish a central ethics committee and local ethics committees, and to provide administrative control.There are no compulsory clinical ethics lectures in the medical curriculum, so it is also proposed that research ethics committees (RECs) play a central educational role by helping physicians to be aware of moral problems and by contributing to the training of research teams. Key Words: Medical ethics education • ethics committees in Turkey • good clinical practice • informed consent • respiratory distress syndrome

Arda, B.

2000-01-01

136

DIRECTLY APPLYING INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS ABOUT COMMUNICATION LAW TO TURKISH LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the last paragraph of Article 90 of the Constitution of Turkey, international agreement rules are used when there is a disagreement between international treaties relating to fundamental rights and freedoms and law containing different rules on the same subject. In such cases, it is not possible to go before a constitutional court with a claim that a rule

Fahrettin KORKMAZ

137

Law of War Handbook (2005).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives are to: 1) Identify common historical themes that continue to support the validity of laws regulating warfare. 2) Identify the two 'prongs' of legal regulation of warfare. 3) Trace the historical 'cause and effect' evolution of laws related...

D. Grimes D. Wollschlaeger E. Jensen K. Puls R. Swansiger T. Hamilton

2009-01-01

138

Thorndike's Law 2.0: Dopamine and the Regulation of Thrift.  

PubMed

Dopamine is widely associated with reward, motivation, and reinforcement learning. Research on dopamine has emphasized its contribution to compulsive behaviors, such as addiction and overeating, with less examination of its potential role in behavioral flexibility in normal, non-pathological states. In the study reviewed here, we investigated the effect of increased tonic dopamine in a two-lever homecage operant paradigm where the relative value of the levers was dynamic, requiring the mice to constantly monitor reward outcome and adapt their behavior. The data were fit to a temporal difference learning model that showed that mice with elevated dopamine exhibited less coupling between reward history and behavioral choice. This work suggests a way to integrate motivational and learning theories of dopamine into a single formal model where tonic dopamine regulates the expression of prior reward learning by controlling the degree to which learned reward values bias behavioral choice. Here I place these results in a broader context of dopamine's role in instrumental learning and suggest a novel hypothesis that tonic dopamine regulates thrift, the degree to which an animal needs to exploit its prior reward learning to maximize return on energy expenditure. Our data suggest that increased dopamine decreases thriftiness, facilitating energy expenditure, and permitting greater exploration. Conversely, this implies that decreased dopamine increases thriftiness, favoring the exploitation of prior reward learning, and diminishing exploration. This perspective provides a different window onto the role dopamine may play in behavioral flexibility and its failure, compulsive behavior. PMID:22905023

Beeler, Jeff A

2012-08-10

139

Health services pricing in Turkey.  

PubMed

One of the most important and complex decisions that public services managers have to make is pricing. This is especially difficult within public health care because pricing decisions are influenced by a myriad of ideological, political, economic and professional arguments. In Turkey the majority of health care services are provided under public auspice; however, recent changes in governmental policy have led to increased competition among hospitals in both the public and private sector. Therefore, all institutions are being watched and remain open to government scrutiny and regulation. The aim of the study is to analyze how the private and governmental hospitals determine pricing or the actual cost of services in Turkey. Also, comparisons are made between health services expenditures and the Consumer Price Index with suggestions provided for public and private hospital managers in regard to the general cost of health services. PMID:11183658

Tengilimoglu, D; Dziegielewski, S F

2000-01-01

140

25 CFR 900.148 - How can an Indian tribe or tribal organization secure a determination that a law or regulation...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

25 Indians 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How can an Indian tribe or tribal organization secure a determination that a law or regulation has been superseded by the Indian Self-Determination Act, as specified in...

2013-04-01

141

Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (Gpx4) is highly regulated in male turkey poults and can be used to determine dietary selenium requirements.  

PubMed

The dietary selenium recommendation for turkeys of 0.2 microg Se/g is higher than for many other species. Liver glutathione peroxidase-1 (Gpx1) activity levels determined using hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) in previous studies suggest that 0.2 microg Se/g may still be too low and that some of this Gpx1 activity might be due to phospholipid hydroperoxide Gpx (Gpx4). Thus we separated Gpx1 from Gpx4 by chromatography, demonstrated that 47% of the H(2)O(2) activity in Se-adequate turkey liver was due to Gpx4, and determined a factor for calculation of each activity. Day-old male poults were fed an Se-deficient torula diet (0.007 microg Se/g) supplemented with graded levels of Se (0-0.5 microg Se/g) for 27 days. Final body weights indicated a minimum Se requirement for growth of 0.05 microg Se/g. The liver had the highest Gpx4 activity in Se-adequate poults, and Gpx4 activity in Se-deficient liver decreased to 5% of Se-adequate levels, with an Se requirement of 0.29 microg Se/g. Liver Gpx1, gizzard Gpx1 and gizzard Gpx4 activities also had Se requirements of 0.28-0.30 microg Se/g, collectively yielding an Se requirement of 0.3 microg Se/g, which is three times higher than the requirements found in comparable rodent studies. We also sequenced partial cDNA clones for turkey Gpx1 (GQ502186) and Gpx4 (GQ502187), and found >60% identity with rodents and humans and >90% identity with chickens. Ribonuclease protection analysis showed that Gpx4 mRNA levels decrease substantially in Se-deficient turkey liver, unlike in rodents. These underlying differences in selenoprotein molecular biology may explain the elevated dietary Se requirements of turkeys. PMID:20404015

Sunde, Roger A; Hadley, Kevin B

2010-01-01

142

Wild Turkey Harvest Management: Biology, Stategies, and Techniques.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our objective is to synthesize what is known about the effects of hunting on wild turkey populations, and provide models for regulating harvest that provide ample hunting opportunity with minimal risk of overharvest. In Section II the authors reviewed the...

W. H. Healy S. M. Powell

1999-01-01

143

Regulations and Ethical Considerations in Animal Experiments: International Laws and Islamic Perspectives  

PubMed Central

Growing usage of animals in the research projects has drawn more attention to their welfare and ethics surrounding this practice. Dissemination of information about the existing ethical consideration and alternatives in animal experiments has two important functions; first, it increases the researcher's awareness of the possible methods of using animals in the experiment, and second, to ensure that potential users are aware of the established alternatives. For example, legislations enacted in many countries during the 1980s state that laboratory animal applications should be reduced, refined and replaced wherever possible according to principles of the 3Rs. Thus, scientists around the world tried to apply the 3Rs in their biomedical researches regarding welfare of the laboratory animals. However, the Qur'an, the holy book of Muslims, and also Hadiths contain the obligatory ways to keep and treat animals since their revelations. According to Islamic viewpoint, animals represent Allah's ability and wisdom, and humans must pay attention to their health and living conditions. Several Islamic manuscripts state that animals have their own position in the creation hierarchy and humans are responsible for supplying minimal facilities and their welfare. This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to encourage providing comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments which its establishment could be beneficial for animal ethics committees or research institutes.

Naderi, Mohammad Mehdi; Sarvari, Ali; Milanifar, Alireza; Boroujeni, Sara Borjian; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

2012-01-01

144

Screening and regulation of alkaline extracellular protease and ribonuclease production of Yarrowia lipolytica strains isolated and identified from different cheeses in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, 43 yeast strains were isolated from different types of cheese in Turkey and these isolates were identified\\u000a with both phenotypic tests and genotypic tests with 5.8S ITS-PCR. Also, the sequence of PCR fragments obtained from ITS-PCR\\u000a was analyzed by DNA sequencing. In the results of the phenotypic tests, 9 of 43 isolates were identified as Yarrowia lipolytica.

Onur Akp?nar; Füsun Uçar; H. Tansel Yalç?n

145

Advertising Law Internet Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advertising Law Internet Site houses articles about the legal aspects of marketing products, with particular emphasis on infomercials, home shopping, and direct response TV. Other articles discuss 900 Number regulations, contest laws, business opportunity laws, and additional aspects of promotion law. The site also houses copies of FTC Guides and Speeches and FTC Rules and statutes. Consumer Advisories issued by the FTC will also be made available at the site.

146

Distance Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many countries of the world are using distance education with various ways, by INTERNET, by post and by TV. In this work, development of distance education in Turkey has been presented from the beginning. After discussing types and applications for different levels of distance education in Turkey, the distance education was given in the cultural…

Ruzgar, Nursel Selver

2004-01-01

147

OSTEOMYELITIS IN COMMERCIAL TURKEYS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC) is a disease syndrome characterized by the presence of green liver, synovitis, osteomyelitis of the proximal tibia, and soft tissue abscesses in the carcasses of processed turkeys. We have established that these lesions are caused by opportunistic bacterial infecti...

148

Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows  

SciTech Connect

Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D. [Global Business Reports (United States)

2009-06-15

149

Principles and practices board. Issue Analysis 98-1. Compliance with laws and regulations for healthcare organizations. Healthcare Financial Management Association.  

PubMed

This is the third Issue Analysis of HFMA's Principles and Practices (P&P) Board. The P&P Board writes an Issue Analysis in response to the need for practical information on emerging issues in healthcare financial management. An Issue Analysis is factual but not authoritative. It is not sent out for public comment and provides the healthcare industry short-term assistance on emerging issues. The purpose of P&P Board Issue Analysis 98-1, Compliance with Laws and Regulations for Healthcare Organizations, is to help healthcare financial managers understand their responsibility to implement and maintain an effective internal control system to ensure compliance with laws and regulations. PMID:10182748

1998-09-01

150

Is There a Global Sports Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can international sporting federations be regulated by law? This question is analytically dependent on a narrower question, whether there is a definable concept called international sports law. This article distinguishes between 'international sports law' and 'global sports law'. International sports law can be applied by national courts. Global sports law by contrast implies a claim of immunity from national

KEN FOSTER

2003-01-01

151

Using therapeutic jurisprudence and preventive law to examine disputants' best interests in mediating cases about physicians' practices: a guide for medical regulators.  

PubMed

Therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) and preventive law (PL) are used as two theoretical perspectives from which to examine the best interests of parties in mediation because of a dispute about a physician's practice. The focus is mediation provided by and/or for the medical regulator. The paper reviews the literature on TJ and PL, and their relationship to mediation, and demonstrates how medical regulators could benefit by working within a framework reflecting both these perspectives providing it does not involve an egregious matter. A TJ and PL framework would be of particular value in identifying cases for mediation and in evaluating resolutions to mediated disputes. PMID:15163086

Ferris, Lorraine E

2004-01-01

152

Hydropower potential in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Turkey has a total hydropower potential of 433 GW that is equal to 1.2% of the total hydropower potential of the world and to 14% of European hydropower potential. Only 125 GW of the total hydroelectric potential of Turkey can be economically used. By the commissioning of new hydropower plants, which are under construction, 34% of the economically usable potential of the country would be tapped. At the present, hydropower energy is an important energy source for Turkey due to its useful characteristics such as being renewable, clean, and less of an impact on the environment, and a cheap and domestic energy source.

Kaygusuz, K. [Karadeniz Technical Univ., Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

1999-08-01

153

42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and... Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and...portable X-ray services is in conformity with all applicable Federal...laws. (d) Standardâconformity with other Federal,...

2012-10-01

154

50-State Survey of Laws Regulating the Collection, Storage, and Use of Human Tissue Specimens and Associated Data for Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

State statutes often overlap with the federal rules governing the conduct of human subjects' research, but the scope, definitions, and standards of protection differ among the states. This report presents an overview of the state laws that affect the uses...

2004-01-01

155

Food Quality Systems in Turkey: Perspectives in Terms of Food Defence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The chapter summarizes the current food quality systems in Turkey from the perspective of food defense. Recently Turkey has\\u000a formally adopted a number of typical elements of food safety regulations and control systems in the accession period to EU\\u000a and there are developments dealing with food safety and a few available empirical analyses of food safety applications in\\u000a Turkey, but

Hami Alpas; Serhat A?ci; Ahmet Ali Koç

156

The interplay of public health law and industry self-regulation: the case of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools.  

PubMed

It is increasingly recognized that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes to childhood obesity. Most states have adopted laws that regulate the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in school settings. However, such policies have encountered resistance from consumer and parent groups, as well as the beverage industry. The beverage industry's recent adoption of voluntary guidelines, which call for the curtailment of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, raises the question, Is further policy intervention in this area needed, and if so, what form should it take? We examine the interplay of public and private regulation of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, by drawing on a 50-state legal and regulatory analysis and a review of industry self-regulation initiatives. PMID:17901427

Mello, Michelle M; Pomeranz, Jennifer; Moran, Patricia

2007-09-27

157

Pediatric oncology in Turkey.  

PubMed

The survival of children with cancer has increased dramatically in the last decades, as a result of advances in diagnosis, treatment and supportive care. Each year in Turkey, 2500-3000 new childhood cancer cases are expected. According to the Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group and Turkish Pediatric Hematology Societies Registry, about 2000 new pediatric cancer cases are reported each year. The population in Turkey is relatively young. One fourth of the population is younger than 15 years of age. According to childhood mortality, cancer is the fourth cause of death (7.2%) after infections, cardiac deaths and accidents. The major cancers in children in Turkey are leukemia (31%), lymphoma (19%), central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms (13%), neuroblastomas (7%), bone tumors (6.1%), soft tissue sarcomas (6%), followed by renal tumors, germ cell tumors, retinoblastoma, carcinomas-epithelial neoplasms, hepatic tumors and others. Lymphomas rank second in frequency as in many developing countries in contrast to West Europe or USA, where CNS neoplasms rank second in frequency. The seven-year survival rate in children with malignancies in Turkey is 65.8%. The history of modern Pediatric Oncology in Turkey dates back to the 1970's. Pediatric Oncology has been accepted as a subspecialty in Turkey since 1983. Pediatric Oncologists are all well trained and dedicated. All costs for the diagnosis and treatment of children with cancer is covered by the government. Education and infrastructure for palliative care needs improvement. PMID:22357143

Kebudi, Rejin

2012-03-01

158

Wild Turkey Populations and Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Study Objective: Determine the perceived and actual magnitude of crop damage by wild turkeys and the consequences of expanded hunting opportunity for turkeys in the primary range. Performance: Technology Transfer and Reports. Conduct technology transfer, ...

J. F. Kubisiak

1996-01-01

159

The Application of Non-Discrimination Law and Regulations To Collective Bargaining in Higher Education. Special Report No. 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document explores some of the interrelationships between the collective bargaining process and equal employment issues. The National Labor Relations Act, the federal collective bargaining statute, is the focal point of the labor law discussion because it has had significant impact on the drafting and interpretation of state labor legislation…

Academic Collective Bargaining Information Service, Washington, DC.

160

16 CFR 460.23 - Other laws, rules, and orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Other laws, rules, and orders. 460...REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.23 Other laws, rules, and orders...order. (b) State and local laws and regulations that...

2013-01-01

161

16 CFR 460.23 - Other laws, rules, and orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Other laws, rules, and orders. 460...REGULATION RULES LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION § 460.23 Other laws, rules, and orders...order. (b) State and local laws and regulations that...

2010-01-01

162

Helmet Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Hampshire) do not have a motorcycle helmet law. Bicycle Helmets Learn More About Bicycle Safety Issue Brief Related Links Fewer states have enacted bicycle helmet laws. GHSA only tracks state laws. However, ...

163

Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current scholarly understanding of information security regulation in the United States is limited. Several competing mechanisms exist, many of which are untested in the courts and before state regulators, and new mechanisms are being proposed on a regular basis. Perhaps of even greater concern, the pace at which technology and threats change far…

Thaw, David Bernard

2011-01-01

164

Accuracy of drug advertisements in medical journals under new law regulating the marketing of pharmaceutical products in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: New legal regulations for the marketing of pharmaceutical products were introduced in 2002 in Switzerland. We investigated whether claims in drug advertisements citing published scientific studies were justified by these studies after the introduction of these new regulations. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, two independent reviewers screened all issues of six major Swiss medical journals published in the year

Macarena Gonzalez Santiago; Heiner C Bucher; Alain J Nordmann

2008-01-01

165

Physicians Who Break the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes as its starting point a recent article by Prof. Sandra Johnson, Regulating Physician Behavior: Taking Doctors “Bad Law” Claims Seriously. In the article, Johnson focuses on doctors who comply with the law despite their belief that the law is “bad”, i.e., causes them to behave in ways that are harmful to their patients. In Physicians Who Break

Diane E. Hoffmann

2009-01-01

166

Higher Education and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of laws, regulations, and judicial opinions affecting higher education and the nature of the impact of these laws on the academic community are examined. Designed for use by both students and practitioners, the book employs the "case method" design based on the belief that law cases furnish the best sources for study and review…

Edwards, Harry T.; Nordin, Virginia Davis

167

Law and the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)|

Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

1982-01-01

168

Biotechnological developments in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Turkey is a country not usually associated with industrial biotechnology. However, when current research potential in universities and other R and D centers and particularly contributions made to the international literature since the mid-1980s are taken into account, high-quality international-level work is now commonplace, especially in areas such as industrial microbiology, enzyme technology, biomaterials and biological wastewater treatment. Work in plant biotechnology is at a relatively early stage, but is expected to become a rapidly developing force in the near future. The present article documents current potential in Turkey, based on significant publications produced during the last 8 years. 268 refs.

Oezcengiz, G. [Middle East Technical Univ., Ankara (Turkey). Dept. of Biological Sciences

1996-05-01

169

Multinational Enterprises & the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multinational Enterprises and the Law presents the only comprehensive contemporary and interdisciplinary account of the various techniques used to regulate multinational enterprises (MNEs) at the national, regional and multilateral levels. In addition it considers the effects of corporate self-regulation upon the development of the legal order in this area. Split into four parts the book firstly deals with the conceptual

Peter T. Muchlinski

170

What's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A guide for secondary school social studies teachers provides materials suitable for a 10-week course on law or individual lessons on specific topics which may be covered in the social studies curriculum. Material is organized according to topics. Topic I, "What Is Law?" contains lessons on defining law, reasons for writing laws, and the relation…

Cortland-Madison Board of Cooperative Educational Services, Cortland, NY.

171

Cloning Creationism in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Defines how political balances and changes in Turkey effect creation-evolution relation. Describes the influences of Bilim Arastirma Vakfi (BAV) on these changes, which are directly targeted to public education, and discusses the content of creationism. Questions why Islamic creationism is a copy of that of the Institute for Creation Research…

Edis, Taner

1999-01-01

172

Special education in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This article presents the developments and current status of special education

Macid A. Melekoglu; Orhan Cakiroglu; Kimber W. Malmgren

2009-01-01

173

Wind energy in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind and wind energy has always played an important role in the historical and economical development of Asia Minor and the geographical area covered by the Republic of Turkey today. The ancient city of Troia probably became rich with harbor fees from commercial vessels, which could not sail up the Dardanelles because of strong north-easterly winds and swift currents. As

Mehmet Hana?asio?lu

1999-01-01

174

Future of Secular Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research paper is a study of the prospects of a secular state developing in Turkey since the Refah Party, an Islamist party, has come to lead a coalition government with the secular True Path Party. The origins of the secular Turkish state will be ex...

D. A. Mayo

1997-01-01

175

Feather the Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a cut-and-paste turkey puzzle for students to use that combines the use of card or automated catalog records with the Thanksgiving theme. Students are given Thanksgiving topics and asked to find subjects, titles, authors, or keywords in order to assemble the puzzle. (LRW)

School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1996

1996-01-01

176

Turkey's Biogas Energy Potential  

Microsoft Academic Search

As in the rest of the world, in Turkey it is necessary to utilize the renewable energy sources to make up for the increasing energy deficit. As an alternative to these energy sources, the use of biogas seems possible. Even when it is considered only with regards to the animal husbandry sector, the majority of the manure obtained is a

N. Kizilaslan; H. Kizilaslan

2007-01-01

177

Special Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

2009-01-01

178

Immune responses of turkey poults with turkey poult enteritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A turkey coronavirus (TCV) isolate associated with turkey poults with acute enteritis was identified and characterized by morphological, serological, and, molecular properties. Sephacryl S-1000 size-exclusion chromatography was found to be a useful method for purification of TCV from turkey embryo intestines. However, results of antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) coated with TCV antigens prepared from infected intestines were inconsistent. Alternatively,

Chien Chang Loa

2000-01-01

179

INSURANCE REGULATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter summarizes the economic understanding of insurance regulation with a focus on solvency regulation, underwriting regulation, contract regulation and competition law exemptions. Insurance industry solvency regulation is viewed as a solution to a collective action problem that might otherwise induce insurers to take excessive risk. The chapter analyzes the economics of regulations addressing adverse selection, including traditional doctrines of

Seth J. Chandler

180

Gender, infertility, motherhood, and assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Turkey.  

PubMed

In Turkey, as in many other countries, infertility is generally regarded as a negative phenomenon in a woman's life and is associated with a lot of stigma by society. In other words, female infertility and having a baby using Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) have to be taken into consideration with respect to gender motherhood, social factors, religion and law. Yet if a woman chooses to use ART she has to deal with the consequences of her decision, such as being ostracized by society. Other types of procedures in this area, such as sperm and ova donation or surrogate motherhood, are not permitted in law. However; both before and after the development of this techonology, society has been finding its own solutions which are rarely questioned and are still performed This article will discuss what these practices are and try to reach some pragmatic conclusions concerning female infertility, the concept of motherhood and some traditional practices in Turkey. PMID:22533036

Sahinoglu, Serap; Buken, Nuket Ornek

2010-01-01

181

Decree-Law No. 1/007 setting forth regulations on the entry, stay, and establishment of Foreigners in Burundi and their removal, 20 March 1989.  

PubMed

In 1989, Burundi issued a decree-law setting out the regulations governing the entry, residency, and establishment of foreigners in the country as well as their removal. The decree-law also established a Consultative Commission on Foreigners to rule on such cases. Proper travel documents are required to enter the country, and foreigners may stay for up to three months if they have sufficient means of support. Foreigners may not enter the country if they have been expelled, have been convicted of an extraditable crime, are mentally ill, have a contagious disease, desire to engage in activity against national security, or constitute a danger to national security. Residency may be established with proper documentation, including a medical statement certifying that they are not mentally ill and have no contagious disease. Foreigners seeking residency must also deposit a sum in an approved bank to cover the cost of repatriation. A request for refugee status must be made to the Minister of the Interior within eight days of arrival in Burundi. If the request is refused, the petitioner must leave the country within 30 days. Employing or otherwise aiding foreigners not authorized to establish themselves in Burundi will result in a term of imprisonment of three months to three years and/or a fine. PMID:12344181

1989-01-01

182

Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self-efficacy for self-regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic…

Klassen, Robert M.; Kuzucu, Elcin

2009-01-01

183

Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self-efficacy for self-regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic…

Klassen, Robert M.; Kuzucu, Elcin

2009-01-01

184

Wetland Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

State and Federal laws affecting coastal wetlands and the importance of these laws to the wetland areas are discussed. Wetlands usually include swamps, marshes, bogs, sloughs, mud flats, and natural ponds. The term 'wetland' encompasses a variety of envir...

F. Dennis

1982-01-01

185

Wind energy and Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global energy requirement for sustaining economic activities, meeting social needs and social development is increasing\\u000a daily. Environmentally friendly, renewable energy resources are an alternative to the primary non-renewable energy resources,\\u000a which devastate ecosystems in order to meet increasing demand. Among renewable energy sources such as hydropower, biopower,\\u000a geothermal power and solar power, wind power offers distinct advantages to Turkey.

Aynur Aydin Coskun; Yavuz Özhan Türker

186

Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benford's Law predicts the frequency of the lead- ing digit in numbers met in a wide range of natu- rally occurring phenomena. In data following Ben- ford's Law, numbers start with a small leading digit more often those with a large leading digit. Here we demonstrate that Benford's Law also describes a wide range of computational phenomena. In par- ticular,

Ian Gent; Toby Walsh

187

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

188

THE PATHOGENESIS OF TURKEY ORIGIN REOVIRUSES IN TURKEYS AND CHICKENS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Avian reoviruses that have been shown to be genetically distinct from chicken origin reoviruses were isolated from commercial turkey flocks in the Southeastern U.S. and Texas which were experiencing enteritis. These turkey origin reoviruses (TRV's) were evaluated for their pathogenesis in commercial...

189

[Stranger in Turkey].  

PubMed

The author, a professor of nephrology, reports some impressions of his 7-year stay in Turkey. He worked at the Ege University in Izmir, traditionally one of the most 'western' cities. He and his wife, who gave unpaid assistance to dialysis patients, attempted to integrate into Turkish society as fully as possible. They traversed the country in weekends and holidays and introduced as many Dutch guests as they could to the unique archeological treasures, the magnificent nature and the extremely friendly population. Work at the university focused increasingly on cultivating a critical attitude with regard to the self, society and the trends and commercialization of medicine in Turkey and in the rest of the world. Self-reliance, also, had to be strengthened. Although this contravened the authority-based Turkish educational system, the efforts were clearly appreciated and even stirred enthusiasm in many of the younger people. There is no doubt that a foreign worker is regarded much more favourable in Turkey than in the Netherlands. PMID:9555146

Dorhout Mees, E J

1997-12-20

190

UN adopts Law of Sea  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After more than 8 years of diplomatic wrangling, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted on April 30 by a vote of 130 to 4. The United States, Israel, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against the treaty; 17 nations—including the Soviet Union, West Germany, and Britain—abstained.The treaty, which would give nations the exclusive rights to natural resources in the continental shelf up to approximately 650 km offshore, will be signed in December. The treaty becomes effective 1 year after at least 60 nations ratify it.

Richman, Barbara T.

191

Refugee movements and Turkey.  

PubMed

There has been a long tradition in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic of receiving refugees. There were Jewish refugees from the Spanish Inquisition, Hungarians and Poles fleeing revolts in 1848-9, and those of Turkish descent and usually from the Balkans. Concurrent with this trend is the history of refugees and immigrants leaving Turkey, such as many Armenians, Greeks and Jews leaving at the turn of the century, and after 1923 and the Treaty of Lausanne. Little is currently published on the topic. This article defines a refugee; provides an overview of the refugee problems of the 1980's due to Bulgarian, Kurdish, and Turkish refugees; and the legal and political aspects. As a country of origin, there is discussion of the political and economic aspects of Turkish asylum seekers in Europe. The potential refugee flows to and from Turkey are also examined. I) For this study, refugees are victims of political violence and are persecuted for political or religious beliefs, ethnic or racial background, or war. In Turkey, there are national refugees, international refugees outside the Convention, and UNHCR Convention refugees. During the 1980's all 3 groups were arriving: from eastern Europe, Iranian Kurds, Iraqis, and ethnic Turks from Bulgaria and Afghanistan. The Turkish restricted acceptance of the 1951 Convention on Refugees creates serious humanitarian and security consequences for refugees other than those from eastern Europe and of Turkish ethnicity. Political considerations play an important role in treatment where security threats outweigh humanitarian need. The case is given for Kurdish refugees. II) Asylum seekers from Turkey in Western Europe was determined between 1986-90 to be 185,000 from applications. These figures have risen steadily due to the political instability and military activity of areas bordering Iraq and Syria, the Emergency Region. In addition there are economic and employment problems, and there has been a suspension of human rights. Europe in return has tightened legislation and procedures to differentiate economically motivated refugees from authentic political asylum seekers. Further research is needed to investigate refugee problems. Further refugees may come due to the promotion of a Black Sea Cooperation Region and easier crossings of borders to the former Soviet Republics. Ethnic Turks in Moldavia or Romania or Bulgaria may leave due to unrest. Factors affecting asylum seekers are improvements in Turkey's human rights record, repeal of bans of the Kurdish language, completion of the South Eastern Development Project, and the European government policy on asylum. PMID:12285110

Kirisci, K

1991-12-01

192

Crop drying programme in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present status of agricultural crop drying practices in Turkey is investigated in this study. The emphasis of drying on market value, annual production and export values of some commercially important crops is given in a broad perspective. In the recent years, developing international market conditions in Europe, Middle East, and Central Asia has been encouraging to Turkey's fresh and

Y. Soysal

1999-01-01

193

The earthquake catalog of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Development Project for the Historical Earthquake Catalog of Turkey and related sources are introduced and the characteristics of the catalog determined. As an example, Ottoman sources are given. Multidisciplinary characteristics of seismology and the necessity for the reorganization of the Republic of Turkey Prime Ministery Archives are pointed out. While discussing forecasting problems, the benefits of knowing how to

H. Soysal

1979-01-01

194

Solar Energy Applications in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar energy technologies offer a clean, renewable and domestic energy source, and are essential components of a sustainable energy future. Turkey lays in a sunny belt between 36° and 42° N latitudes and is geographically well situated with respect to solar energy potential. The objective of the present study is to investigate many aspects of solar energy applications in Turkey,

ARIF HEPBASLI; KORAY ULGEN; RUSTU EKE

2004-01-01

195

Turkey between national and theater missile defense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey, sharing borders with Iraq and Iran, is becoming increasingly involved with the US and Israel, its post-Cold War strategic partners, in the Middle Eastern TMD project. Turkey's regional security concerns, and dependency on the US - which is partly caused by Turkey's exclusion from the European integration - provides the leverage for American pressure on Turkey to participate in

Isil Kazan

2002-01-01

196

[Definition and scope of medical professional law].  

PubMed

Medical professional law can be defined as the sum of rules and standards that regulate access to, and the practice of, the medical profession. The medical profession is classified as a liberal profession in this context, not only from the professional and sociological point of view, but also from the constitutional and legal standpoint. The scope of medical professional law can be defined vertically and horizontally: on the one hand, with regard to the vast number of rules to which the physician is subject under the regulations of professional law and, on the other hand, with regard to regulations in special law, which conflict with other statutory provisions that are, in turn, either influenced by professional law (e.g. the law on contract physicians in Book V of the German Social Security Code) or themselves influence professional law by subjecting it to limitations (e.g. Art. 12 Para. 1 German Basic Law or European Community law). PMID:15957648

Schirmer, Horst Dieter

2005-04-01

197

Turkey's energy demand and supply  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present article is to investigate Turkey's energy demand and the contribution of domestic energy sources to energy consumption. Turkey, the 17th largest economy in the world, is an emerging country with a buoyant economy challenged by a growing demand for energy. Turkey's energy consumption has grown and will continue to grow along with its economy. Turkey's energy consumption is high, but its domestic primary energy sources are oil and natural gas reserves and their production is low. Total primary energy production met about 27% of the total primary energy demand in 2005. Oil has the biggest share in total primary energy consumption. Lignite has the biggest share in Turkey's primary energy production at 45%. Domestic production should be to be nearly doubled by 2010, mainly in coal (lignite), which, at present, accounts for almost half of the total energy production. The hydropower should also increase two-fold over the same period.

Balat, M. [Sila Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2009-07-01

198

Network Security Vulnerabilities and Personal Privacy Issues in Healthcare Information Systems: A case study in a private hospital in Turkey.  

PubMed

Healthcare industry has become widely dependent on information technology and internet as it moves from paper to electronic records. Healthcare Information System has to provide a high quality service to patients and a productive knowledge share between healthcare staff by means of patient data. With the internet being commonly used across hospitals, healthcare industry got its own share from cyber threats like other industries in the world. The challenge is allowing knowledge transfer to hospital staff while still ensuring compliance with security mandates. Working in collaboration with a private hospital in Turkey; this study aims to reveal the essential elements of a 21st century business continuity plan for hospitals while presenting the security vulnerabilities in the current hospital information systems and personal privacy auditing standards proposed by regulations and laws. We will survey the accreditation criteria in Turkey and counterparts in US and EU. We will also interview with medical staff in the hospital to understand the needs for personal privacy and the technical staff to perceive the technical requirements in terms of network security configuration and deployment. As hospitals are adopting electronic transactions, it should be considered a must to protect these electronic health records in terms of personal privacy aspects. PMID:23823398

Namo?lu, Nihan; Ulgen, Yekta

2013-01-01

199

43 CFR 4.1121 - Powers of administrative law judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...administrative law judges. 4...Interior Office of the Secretary...PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to...1121 Powers of administrative law judges. ...the regulations of this part, an administrative law judge may...discovery; (4) Rule on...

2012-10-01

200

48 CFR 1352.209-73 - Compliance with the laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses...Compliance with the laws. As prescribed...Compliance With the Laws (APR 2010) The...with all applicable laws, rules and regulations which...accord with the terms of the contract....

2011-10-01

201

Sphingolipidoses in Turkey.  

PubMed

During the last 5 years 2057 children under the age of 5 with various neurologic symptoms with the suspected diagnosis of lysosomal storage diseases were referred to our hospital from different universities and state hospitals. We were able to separate sphingolipidoses by lysosomal enzyme screening. A total of 300 patients (15%) with sphingolipidoses were diagnosed; there were deficiencies of arylsulfatase A [metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD)] in 93 (31%), hexosaminidase [Sandhoff disease (SHD)] in 62 (20.7%), hexosaminidase A [Tay-Sachs disease (TSD)] in 15 (5%), beta-galactosidase (GM1 gangliosidosis) in 35 (11.7%), alpha-galactosidase (Fabry disease) in one (0.3%) cerebroside beta-galactosidase (Krabbe disease) in 65 (21.7%) and glucosylceramidase (Gaucher disease) in 29 (9.6%). SHD (20.7%), MLD (31%) and Krabbe disease (21.7%) were common. Prenatal enzymatic diagnosis was made in 70 at risk pregnancies, 64 for TSD and SHD, three for MLD and three for GM1 gangliosidosis by using chorionic villus biopsy in 54, cord blood samples in 12 and cultured amniotic fluid cells in four. Seventeen fetuses were found to be affected. We have calculated the relative frequency and minimum incidence of sphingolipidoses in Turkey. The combined incidence of sphingolipidoses is 4.615 per 100,000 live births. The calculated incidences are 1.43, 0.95, 1, 0.23, 0.54, 0.45, 0.015 per 100,000 live births for MLD, SHD, Krabbe, Gaucher, TSD, GM1 gangliosidosis and Fabry diseases, respectively. The real incidence, which covers all subtypes of this group of diseases, should be greater than this number. The results suggested that, as a group, sphingolipidoses are relatively common and represent an important health problem in Turkey and some rare autosomal recessive diseases of Turkey are due to 'founder effect' created by consanguineous marriages. PMID:15275696

Ozkara, Hatice Asuman; Topçu, Meral

2004-09-01

202

Public Relations & the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph synthesizes the laws and regulations that form the basis of the right to representation in the court of public opinion by all who would seek to influence public and private decisions. It expresses the framework of human and social values that underlie this constitutional freedom and that give public relations and other management…

Walsh, Frank

203

When is cloning lawful?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The infertility (Medical Procedures) Act (Victoria) is the first legislation in the common-law world designed to regulate the practice of in vitro fertilization. This act explicitly prohibits “cloning,” without providing a definition of this term. The legislative history of the act suggests that it refers only to the production of multiple, identical copies of human individuals. But other scientific procedures,

Margaret Brumby; Pascal Kasimba

1987-01-01

204

The Golden Arches Meet the Hallowed Halls: Franchise Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A law school course in franchise law focuses on how various legal issues and categories interact within the context of the narrowly defined business relationship of a franchise. Four major topics included federal and state disclosure regulations, trademarks and service marks, common law contract issues, and antitrust law. Class exercises included…

Wright, Danaya

1995-01-01

205

Dynamic between National Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recently, Turkey's foreign policy has undergone some considerable changes. In order to understand why this has occurred, and where Turkey's foreign policy will likely go in the future, one must examine Turkey's national identity. Today, Turkey's dominant ...

I. W. Bullen

2009-01-01

206

The law of toxic substances.  

PubMed Central

The law of toxic substances dates back to Medieval England, but the present comprehensive federal regulatory scheme was developed over the past two decades. This article presents a brief overview of the federal law of air and water pollution, solid waste control, and the regulation of chemicals.

Garrett, T L

1979-01-01

207

The Invention of Health Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

By default, the courts are inventing health law. The law governing the American health system arises from an unruly mix of statutes, regulations, and judge-crafted doctrines conceived, in the main, without medical care in mind. Courts are ill-equipped to put order to this chaos, and until recently they have been disinclined to try. But political gridlock and popular ire over

Maxwell Gregg Bloche

2003-01-01

208

Nuclear weapons and international law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using two different perspectives, this collection of essays addresses the central legal question of whether the manufacture, deployment, and potential use of nuclear weapons is lawful. In addition, individual chapters focus on a variety of topical issues, including nuclear weapon free zones, nuclear testing, international law and regulations, nuclear weapons and nonproliferation, anti-ballistic missile systems, and the Strategic Defense Initiative.

Pogany

1987-01-01

209

Development of a sexual assault evidence collection kit – The need for standardization in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual offences are recognized to be one of the most critical of crimes throughout the world. In Turkey, forcible rapes show, in the sexual crime rates, an increase of approximately 3% every year. It becomes even more critical, when realizing that less than half of all rapes, which are believed to occur, are reported to law enforcement, and of those

M. R. Gökdo?an; J. Bafra

2010-01-01

210

Regulating Contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an interdisciplinary approach involving economics, sociology and law, Regulating Contracts explores fundamental questions about the purposes and effects of legal regulation of contractual relationships. What kind of social relation do contracts create, or, more precisely, how do contracts govern social interaction. How are contractual relations, or more generally, markets constructed? Does the law play a significant role in particular

Hugh Collins

211

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

212

LAW FACTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article is not dedicated to a subject matter of research. Instead it outlines various kinds of facts commonly used to analyze the relations of law and society. To illustrate, it gives examples of eight distinct kinds of facts on how action departs from relevant laws on the books: actions in crusades; actions following deep norms when coordination norms

Arthur L. Stinchcombe

2005-01-01

213

49 CFR 388.7 - Joint administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. 388.7...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. To...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations of the State...other in conducting training schools for Federal and State...

2012-10-01

214

49 CFR 388.7 - Joint administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. 388.7...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. To...safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations of the State...other in conducting training schools for Federal and State...

2011-10-01

215

25 CFR 162.202 - How will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land? 162.202 Section 162...will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited...laws regulating activities on agricultural land, including tribal laws...

2009-04-01

216

25 CFR 162.202 - How will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land? 162.202 Section 162...will tribal laws be enforced on agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited...laws regulating activities on agricultural land, including tribal laws...

2010-04-01

217

Turkey's foreign dependence on energy  

SciTech Connect

Turkey becomes more dependent on the external countries in energy production every year. As an average of the period 1994-2002 the total primary energy production has been 27.9 Mtoe, and consumption has been 73.06 Mtoe, so Turkey is dependent on external countries in petroleum, natural gas, and hard coal consumption. The external dependency rate of these fuels has been at levels of 89.3%, 96.6%, and 82%, respectively. In the projections of Turkey for 2020, the primary energy consumption is estimated to be 298 Mtoe, production is estimated to be 70 Mtoe, the ratio of production to consumption will be reduced to 23.5%, and this situation will cause serious risks for sustainable development. In other words, Turkey will have to import 76.5% of the energy that it consumes in the 2020s.

Uslu, T. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01

218

Turkey and European Security Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey's relationships with the West, particularly its relationship with Western security institutions, are today more important than ever. As the United States fights two wars in the region and attempts to rebuild its reputation in Europe and the Middle ...

A. M. Scheer

2009-01-01

219

U.S. Turkey Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Americans are eating more turkey than ever because of lower real prices and new products. Production and consumption have expanded principally in the off season; both are now year-round activities. Further processed products represent the fastest growing ...

F. A. Lasley W. L. Henson H. B. Jones

1985-01-01

220

Domestic livestock resources of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water buffalo are an ancient component of Turkey’s domestic livestock resources. Commonly referred to as the Anatolian buffalo\\u000a the animal is part of the Mediterranean group which includes Syrian, Egyptian and Southeast European animals. Once quite numerous,\\u000a there have been drastic reductions in their numbers since the 1970s due to intensification of dairy activities, agricultural\\u000a mechanization and changing consumer preferences.

Orhan Yilmaz; Mehmet Ertugrul; Richard Trevor Wilson

221

Dyslexia laws in the USA.  

PubMed

Throughout the various states of the USA, the appropriate identification of dyslexia and the timely provision of interventions are characterized by variability and inconsistency. Several states have recognized the existence of this disorder and the well-established need for services. These states have taken proactive steps to implement laws and regulations for both identification and treatment, and the provision of equal access to students who are diagnosed with dyslexia. The majority of states, however, have not developed such laws and guidelines. The purposes of this article are to review the present status and content of these dyslexia laws, highlight some differences among the laws and regulations across states, and suggest strategies for initiating such laws. PMID:23086699

Youman, Martha; Mather, Nancy

2012-10-20

222

Devastating Earthquake in Turkey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The death toll will pass 10,000 today from Tuesday's earthquake, which measured 7.4 on the Richter scale and shattered a 400-mile stretch from northwestern Turkey to areas near central Ankara. Relief officials have publicly stated that they fear the worst for the estimated 35,000 people who remain trapped beneath rubble, as most will now have been without water for more than 72 hours. In addition to locating and rescuing survivors, the Turkish Government and international aid workers are working feverishly to organize relief efforts, prevent the spread of disease, repair damaged infrastructure, and contain a massive fire at the country's largest oil refinery. The sites listed provide information about this horrible act of nature

De Nie, Michael W.

223

A clash of civilizations? Examining liberal-democratic values in Turkey and the European Union.  

PubMed

Turkey's proposed entry into the European Union (EU) has been undermined by Europeans' perceptions of Turkish-European cultural differences, particularly regarding the liberal-democratic values that the EU promotes (democracy, rule of law, and respect for and appreciation of minority/human rights). Yet, cross-national research on values has not focused on Turkey, the EU, and these liberal-democratic values, leaving assumptions of cultural differences and their explanations untested. Through analyses of World and European Values Survey data (1999-2002), this article asks whether people in Turkey have the same values regarding democracy, rule of law (versus religious and authoritarian rule), and minority/human rights as people in EU member and candidate states (as of 2000)? What factors explain these values? I find that people in Turkey support democracy to the same extent as people in EU member and candidate states, but people in Turkey are more supportive of religious and authoritarian rule and are less tolerant of minorities. Although the 'clash of civilizations' thesis expects liberal values to be ordered according to countries' religious traditions, with western Christian the most supportive and Islamic the least, only for tolerance of minorities values is this pattern found. Instead, economic development most consistently explains differences between Turkey and EU member and candidate states in support for these values. I conclude with calls for theoretical refinement, particularly of the clash of civilizations thesis, along with suggestions for future research to examine more Muslim and Orthodox countries; I discuss the debate over Turkey's EU entry. PMID:19035918

Dixon, Jeffrey C

2008-12-01

224

The effect of immunosuppression on protective immunity of turkey poults against infection with turkey coronavirus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of humoral and cellular immunities on turkeys infected with turkey coronavirus (TCV). Two trials were conducted with two separate hatches of turkey poults. Turkeys were experimentally immunosuppressed with cyclosporin A (CsA) or cyclophosphamide (CY) and infected with TCV. Prior to infection, treatment with CsA selectively suppressed T cell

Chien Chang Loa; Tsang Long Lin; Ching Ching Wu; Thomas Bryan; Tom Hooper; Donna Schrader

2002-01-01

225

Jurist: Law Professors on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bernard Hibbitts, Professor and Associate Dean for Communications & Information Technology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, provides this site, "designed to connect Neterate legal academics to each other, to law students, to the legal profession and to the public at large as individual law professors become independent information-providers on the [web]." The site is highlighted by links to the home pages of over fifty law professors, to over fifty pre- and post-prints of articles (in nine subjects from business law to regulation), and to twenty meta-pages, maintained by law professors, on topics from administrative to tax law. Also included are a large list of online law course pages, three lectures, and pointers to other resources. What is interesting about this site is that it is essentially an annotated tour through the law resources of the Internet conducted by professors of law.

1997-01-01

226

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

227

School Law: A Selected Bibliography to Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A bibliography containing annotated entries concentrates on school law but is relevant to all areas of law and court litigation. Entries are grouped under the following categories: (1) guides to legal research; (2) indexes; (3) law dictionaries, encyclopedias, directories, and handbooks; (4) federal statutes, reports, rules, and regulations; (5)…

Norman, O. Gene, Comp.

228

7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture...REGULATIONS GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor agency...

2010-01-01

229

7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture...REGULATIONS GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor agency...

2009-01-01

230

7 CFR 1900.102 - Applicable law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicable law. 1900.102 Section 1900.102 Agriculture...REGULATIONS GENERAL Applicability of Federal Law § 1900.102 Applicable law. Loans made by FmHA or its successor agency...

2013-01-01

231

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Cominsky, Lynn

2010-01-01

232

Federal Communications Law Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a whole lot of material to cover within the world of communications law, and within their aegis, the Federal Communications Law Journal (FCLJ) covers everything from intellectual property to cable regulation. The Journal is published by Indiana University law students, and it also serves as the official journal for the Federal Communications Bar Association. This status also means that the Journal will occasionally feature pieces by members of Congress and commissioners in the Federal Communications Commission. First-time visitors to the site can browse through the contents of the most recent issues, or they can browse through archived issues all the way back to 1993. Also, visitors can view some of their short commentaries in the "Forum" area and learn about print subscriptions and submitting manuscripts for consideration.

233

78 FR 35195 - Acquisition Regulations: Export Control  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTROL LAWS, REGULATIONS AND DIRECTIVES (XXX 20XX) (a) The Contractor shall comply with applicable laws...COMPLIANCE WITH EXPORT CONTROL LAWS, REGULATIONS AND DIRECTIVES (XXX 20XX) (a) The Contractor shall comply with applicable...

2013-06-12

234

Assessment of pollution profile in Buyukcekmece Watershed, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buyukcekmece Lake located north of the Marmara Sea coast of Turkey is the third largest water resources among the six main\\u000a reservoirs of a megacity Istanbul, providing 17% water demand. This study aims to investigate the water quality changes in\\u000a Buyukcekmece Lake and to classify it in accordance to Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation for inland surface waters,\\u000a and assess

Gokce Tezcanli Guyer; Esra Genç ?lhan

2011-01-01

235

Academic procrastination and motivation of adolescents in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a study of academic procrastination and associated motivation variables in 508 adolescents from a general secondary school in central Turkey. Girls reported higher levels of self?efficacy for self?regulation and predicted higher Turkish grades than boys, but there was no difference in levels of procrastination. Academic self?efficacy was a stronger predictor of procrastination for girls than for boys,

Robert M. Klassen; Elçin Kuzucu

2009-01-01

236

Refusal rights, law and medical paternalism in Turkey.  

PubMed

Dr Tolga Guven and Dr Gurkan Sert argue the Turkish legal principles do not give clear guidance about the permissibility of medical paternalism. They then argue that the best interpretation of these principles requires respect for patients' rights. I agree that medical paternalism is wrong, but the truth of this claim does not depend on legal interpretation or medical culture. Further, the antipaternalist thesis of Guven and Sert may command much more extensive reforms than they acknowledge. PMID:23599425

Flanigan, Jessica

2013-04-17

237

Investigation of Earthquakes in Turkey Using GIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three main active faults in Turkey: the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), the Northeast Anatolian Fault (NEAF) and the East Anatolian Fault (EAF). NAF is one of the most active seismic regions over the world, runs along the northern part of Turkey about 1500 km, from the Aegean to the Karliova triple junction in the eastern Turkey. It has

A. Garagon Dogru; H. Ozener

2005-01-01

238

Management Plan for Wild Turkeys in Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is native to North America. Of six subspecies, the eastern wild turkey (M. g. silvestris) is the only one to have occurred in Pennsylvania. Wild turkeys are our largest gallinaceous game bird. The males, or gobblers, ...

W. E. Drake

1999-01-01

239

Assessing Poverty and Related Factors in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poverty, a complex, multidimensional, and universal problem, has been conceptualized as income and material deprivation. In this article, we discuss poverty and related factors in Turkey. The absolute poverty line for Turkey was US $4 per capita per day. Turkey was ranked 92nd out of 177 countries with moderate human development in the 2006 Hu- man Development Report. The individual

Esra Saatci; Ersin Akpinar

240

Time's Up, Turkey--Pop-Up Thermometers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an example of how engineering solved a common, everyday problem. The following 5E learning cycle…

Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

2009-01-01

241

FACTORS AFFECTING MITOGENIC RESPONSE OF TURKEY LYMPHOCYTES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loa C. C., T. L. Lin, C. C. W u: Factors Affecting Mitogenic Response of Turkey Lymphocytes. Acta Vet. Brno 2001, 70: 433-442. The objective of the present study was to determine the parameters and conditions for measuring mitogenic response of turkey whole blood and spleen lymphocytes that may be useful in studying cellular immunity of turkeys. Heparinized whole blood

C. C. LOA; T. L. LIN; C. C. WU

2001-01-01

242

Occupational safety and health law handbook  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise

D. G. Sarvadi

1999-01-01

243

Future Weapons, Past Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

The laws governing armed conflicts—both those attempting to regulate the legality of going to war (jus ad bellum) and the rules pertaining to the conduct of warfare (jus in bello)—have seen changes and modifications in reaction to shifts in the nature of warfare, in general, and the introduction of new technologies of communication, transportation, manufacturing and destruction, in particular.\\u000aYet,

Kenneth Anderson; Oren Gross; Ashley Deeks; Gregory McNeal

2012-01-01

244

Law in Wyoming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is intended to give students an overview of laws in Wyoming. Subjects covered include civil and criminal law; courts in Wyoming; juvenile law, juvenile court procedure; rights of children; family law; employment law; automobile-related law; laws affecting the schools; and citizenship rights and responsibilities. The laws and courts…

Wyoming Law-Related Education Advisory Council, Cheyenne.

245

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-17

246

Boyle's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Boyle's Law. The presentation offers two different variations of the concept. The first involves "a change in pressure exerted on a given quantity of gas causing an inverse effect on its volume." The second simply flips this first variation and shows how the change in quantity affects the pressure. The presentation is filled with helpful, and interactive, flash animations. This is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also helps the student engage with the topic. Once both variations are complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of Boyle's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-16

247

British American Tobacco's failure in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background and objectives Transnational tobacco companies (TTCs) considered Turkey an important, potential investment market because of its high consumption rates and domestic commitment to tobacco. This paper outlines how British American Tobacco (BAT) attempted to establish a joint venture with the government monopoly TEKEL, while waiting for privatisation and a private tender. Methods Analysis of tobacco industry documents from the Guildford Depository and online tobacco document sources. Results BAT failed to establish a market share in Turkey until 2000 despite repeated attempts to form a joint venture with Turkey’s tobacco monopoly, TEKEL, once the market liberalised in the mid 1980s. Conclusions BAT’s failure in the Turkish market was due to a misguided investment strategy focused solely on acquiring TEKEL and is contrasted with Philip Morris success in Turkey despite both TTCs working within Turkey’s unstable and corrupt investing climate.

Lawrence, S

2009-01-01

248

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

Splitt, David A.

1982-01-01

249

Faraday's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Light a light bulb by waving a magnet. This simulation of a Faraday's Law is from the Physics Education Technology website of University of Colorado. It is accessible for teachers and students alike. Included are links to related topics and additional ideas and activities for teachers to use.

2008-11-05

250

Copyright Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the University of the Pacific purchased a new integrated library system there was a desire to make access to all types of materials more visible in the system. This required reviewing copyright law and determining the differences in the print and electronic environment. Licensing restrictions in the contracts for electronic databases and journals also influenced how the University of

Janice M. Krueger; Karen Matthews

2004-01-01

251

Turkey vulture surveys in Cuba  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura), were surveyed monthly in Cuba from March 1982-January 1983. A total of 25371 vultures were tallied in 7186 km (3.5 vultures/transect km) of roadside counting along main highways leading from the city of La Habana (northwestern Cuba) to the city of Las Tunas (southeast). Numbers of vultures counted declined substantially beyond 200 m from the transect road. Density of vultures observed within 200 m of the road along the transect route was 0.06/ha. Highest counts were obtained in March, April and June. Turkey Vulture flying activity was greatest during the periods 0900-1200 H and 1400-1700 H.

Wotzkow, C.; Wiley, J.W.

1988-01-01

252

Barriers to Socialization: Turkey and Regional International Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey has long been a productive member of regional international organizations (IOs) like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Council of Europe. Theorists of socialization would predict that Turkey’s activities within these organizations would encourage European Union (EU) members who belong to these IOs to support Turkey’s application for EU membership. In reality, many EU members who share memberships

John A. Scherpereel; Matthew C. Zierler

2011-01-01

253

49 CFR 386.62 - Review of administrative law judge's decision.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Review of administrative law judge's decision. 386...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL...CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE FOR MOTOR CARRIER... Review of administrative law judge's...

2012-10-01

254

AID and the law  

PubMed Central

The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (AID) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of AID as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The AID child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with AID are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to AID this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of AID and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.

Cusine, D J

1975-01-01

255

Suicide in Batman, Southeastern Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The southeastern part of Turkey has comparatively high female suicide rates. We aimed to research social, economic, cultural, and psychiatric reasons of suicides in Batman in a case-controlled psychological autopsy study comparing suicides with matched community controls. The female suicide rate was 9.3 per 100.000 and the female/male ratio was…

Altindag, Abdurrahman; Ozkan, Mustafa; Oto, Remzi

2005-01-01

256

Human Metapneumovirus in Turkey Poults  

PubMed Central

This study was conducted to reexamine the hypothesis that human metapneumovirus (hMPV) will not infect turkeys. Six groups of 2-week-old turkeys (20 per group) were inoculated oculonasally with 1 of the following: noninfected cell suspension; hMPV genotype A1, A2, B1, or B2; or avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) subtype C. Poults inoculated with hMPV showed nasal discharge days 4–9 postexposure. Specific viral RNA and antigen were detected by reverse-transcription PCR and immunohistochemical evaluation, respectively, in nasal turbinates of birds exposed to hMPV. Nasal turbinates of hMPV-infected turkeys showed inflammatory changes and mucus accumulation. Each of the 4 hMPV genotypes caused a transient infection in turkeys as evidenced by clinical signs, detection of hMPV in turbinates, and histopathologic examination. Detailed investigation of cross-species pathogenicity of hMPV and aMPV and its importance for human and animal health is needed.

Velayudhan, Binu T.; Nagaraja, Kakambi V.; Thachil, Anil J.; Shaw, Daniel P.; Gray, Gregory C.

2006-01-01

257

Adolescent Reproductive Behaviour in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at providing information on various aspects of adolescent fertility in Turkey. Data collected from women aged 15-19 in the 1998 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey was used with the aim of 1) identifying levels, patterns, and determinants of adolescent fertility, 2) identifying individual, cultural, and contextual characteristics of adolescent fertility, and 3) providing policy recommendations on adolescent

Turgay ÜNALAN

258

Suicide in Batman, Southeastern Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The southeastern part of Turkey has comparatively high female suicide rates. We aimed to research social, economic, cultural, and psychiatric reasons of suicides in Batman in a case-controlled psychological autopsy study comparing suicides with matched community controls. The female suicide rate was 9.3 per 100.000 and the female/male ratio was…

Altindag, Abdurrahman; Ozkan, Mustafa; Oto, Remzi

2005-01-01

259

URBAN GROUNDWATER POLLUTION IN TURKEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater pollution in Turkey is examined. Important natural sources of groundwater pollution identified include seawater intrusion, discharges from contaminated lakes and streams, geothermal waters, and dissolution of minerals. The major sources of anthropogenic groundwater contamination identified are: agricultural pesticides and fertilizers; mining waste products; industrial waste; on?site septic tank systems; and pollution from poorly constructed wells. Although industrial waste and

Alper Baba; Onder Ayyildiz

260

Biomass energy potential in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomass energy includes fuelwood, agricultural residues, animal wastes, charcoal and other fuels derived from biological sources. It currently accounts for about 14% of world energy consumption. Biomass is the main source of energy for many developed and developing countries. In Turkey energy wood is available in the form of forest chips, fuelwood, wood waste, wood pellets, and it is also

K. Kaygusuz; M. F. Türker

2002-01-01

261

Ampereâs Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampereâs law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

262

ECPR Standing Group on Regulatory Governance Regulation for competition in European gas markets: the impact of European law and facilitating factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The liberalisation of European gas markets is leading to a profound restructuring of the natural gas industry. Alongside this, new modes of economic governance are evolving on the European and national levels, triggering harmonisation and market integration through the application of legal provisions and communication instruments. In this paper, we analyse the impact of law on the convergence towards best-practice

Nadine Haase

263

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

264

Civil Society in Turkey and Local Dimensions of Europeanization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the Helsinki Summit of 1999 when Turkey’s candidacy for membership was accepted, the EU has exercised considerable transformative power over the development of Turkey’s civil society. This article examines Turkish civil society both as an agent of the ‘internationalization’ of domestic social agendas and as a reflection of more general Turkish perceptions of the EU and Turkey’s prospective membership.

Ayça Ergun

2010-01-01

265

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews recent court cases and potential cases involving school regulation of the use of school facilities by outside groups. Points out the implications of school sponsorship of scout troops that determine membership partly on the basis of religious beliefs. (PGD)

Splitt, David A.

1985-01-01

266

Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses in Turkey Poults Infected with Turkey Coronavirus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to elucidate the kinetics of humoral and cellular immune responses of turkey poults infected with turkey coronavi- rus (TCV). Turkey poults were orally inoculated with TCV at 10 d of age, and the immune responses were analyzed at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42, and 63 d postinfection (PI) in three different

C. C. Loa; T. L. Lin; C. C. Wu; T. Bryan; H. L. Thacker; T. Hooper; D. Schrader

2001-01-01

267

Specific mucosal IgA immunity in turkey poults infected with turkey coronavirus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to elucidate the kinetics and magnitudes of specific IgA antibody responses in intestines of turkey poults infected with turkey coronavirus (TCV). Turkey poults were orally inoculated with TCV at 10 days of age. Intestinal segment cultures were administered for duodenum, jejunum, and ileum and the IgA antibody responses were analyzed at 1, 2, 3,

C. C Loa; T. L Lin; C. C Wu; T Bryan; T Hooper; D Schrader

2002-01-01

268

Bullard's Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first scientist to measure heat flow through the floor of the oceans systematically, Teddy Bullard had received his Ph D in the thirties as a nuclear physicist under Rutherford at Cambridge University. Immediately before WWII and then entirely thereafter, Teddy Bullard devoted himself to better understanding the Earth, ending his career as the Head of the Department of Geodesy and Geophysics at Cambridge. However, he sometimes regretted that he had had to abandon nuclear physics to find a job. He especially bemoaned the fact that unlike, most of his contemporaries from the Cavendish, he had had no important physical law named after him. To rectify this oversight Maurice Hill, the leader of the marine group at the Department, formulated what came to be known Bullard's Law - "Never take a second heat flow measurement within 20 km of the original for fear that it differ from the first by two orders of magnitude". In this presentation, I review the background information that led to Bullard's Law, to the realization that the early workers (1949 - 1965: Maxwell, Von Herzen, Bullard, Day, Langseth, Gerard, Uyeda, Yasui, Vacquier, Reitzel, Nason and Lee amongst others) had measured the heat flow correctly and that they had observed a large but real variability in heat flow near the crest of the mid-ocean ridges. I discuss the early attempts to explain the variability, and, the various sedimentary observations (Skornyakova, Arrhenius, Bonatti and Bostrom), magnetic measurements (Irving) and physical inferences (Elder and Lister) that led to the realization that fluid flowing through the oceanic crust might have created the variability. I finish by discussing an expedition to the Galapagos Spreading Center where NSF funded Dick Von Herzen and I to prove Lister wrong. Instead our graduate student Dave Williams, to my surprise but not Dick's, observed the first deep sea hydrothermal plume. The rest is history.

Sclater, J. G.

2002-12-01

269

40 CFR 258.3 - Consideration of other Federal laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...LANDFILLS General § 258.3 Consideration of other Federal laws. The owner or operator of a municipal solid waste landfill unit must comply with any other applicable Federal rules, laws, regulations, or other...

2013-07-01

270

50 CFR 300.3 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Relation to other laws. 300.3... Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS General § 300.3 Relation to other laws....

2011-10-01

271

50 CFR 300.3 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Relation to other laws. 300.3... Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS General § 300.3 Relation to other laws....

2012-10-01

272

Conservation Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the case of the free particle, we interpreted various components of the energy-momentum-stress density as fluxes of energy and momentum. This interpretation can obviously be extended also to particle ensembles and gases. When we speak of fluxes we usually think of quantities that are conserved. In special relativity, energy and momentum are conserved. In general relativity, they are no longer generally conserved, at least if we do not include the energy and momentum of the gravitational field itself. Nevertheless, their densities and fluxes satisfy a covariant generalization of a true conservation law, which is quite easy to obtain.

Dewitt, Bryce; Christensen, Steven M.

273

Early intervention services in Turkey: Perspectives of south-eastern families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research addressing the delivery of early intervention programmes offers guidelines that, when followed, presumably maximize the programmes’ intended benefits. In this study, the authors used a quasi-mixed, monostrand method to investigate how families of children with disabilities in south-east Turkey perceived the service delivery they were receiving. Organizing their perceptions under a framework related to the Turkish-law-mandated guidelines, the authors

Pinar Bayhan; R. Firat Sipal

2011-01-01

274

The Regulation of Labor  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the regulation of labor markets through employment, collective relations, and social security laws in 85 countries. We find that the political power of the left is associated with more stringent labor regulations and more generous social security systems, and that socialist, French, and Scandinavian legal origin countries have sharply higher levels of labor regulation than do common law

JUAN C. BOTERO; Simeon Djankov; RAFAEL LA PORTA; Florencio C. Lopez-De-Silanes; ANDREI SHLEIFER

2004-01-01

275

Asthma and the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a  \\u000a Air pollution—indoors and outdoors—can create suffering for patients with asthma. To help protect individuals with respiratory\\u000a problems, govenments at all levels have enacted clean air laws regulating everything from car emissions to tobacco smoke.\\u000a Courts have also provided remedies for asthmatic victims of air pollution. Notably, part of the justification for a recent\\u000a tobacco settlement was to pay for

Charles Bond

276

Administrative Law: The Hidden Comparative Law Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the main contribution of the Administrative Law course to law students is that it presents problems which contrast with those of the standard court-centered curriculum and can illuminate other areas of law, repeatedly confronting students with doctrinal differences. Offers several examples from civil procedure, constitutional law, and…

Strauss, Peter L.

1996-01-01

277

25 CFR 166.103 - How will tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? 166.103 Section 166...tribal laws be enforced on Indian agricultural land? (a) Unless prohibited...regulating activities on Indian agricultural land, including tribal laws...

2010-04-01

278

International law and communicable diseases.  

PubMed Central

Historically, international law has played a key role in global communicable disease surveillance. Throughout the nineteenth century, international law played a dominant role in harmonizing the inconsistent national quarantine regulations of European nation-states; facilitating the exchange of epidemiological information on infectious diseases; establishing international health organizations; and standardization of surveillance. Today, communicable diseases have continued to re-shape the boundaries of global health governance through legally binding and "soft-law" regimes negotiated and adopted within the mandate of multilateral institutions - the World Health Organization, the World Trade Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the Office International des Epizooties. The globalization of public health has employed international law as an indispensable tool in global health governance aimed at diminishing human vulnerability to the mortality and morbidity burdens of communicable diseases.

Aginam, Obijiofor

2002-01-01

279

Turkey: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a marked oil production increase, an exploration program in the Black Sea and the planned development of an offshore gas field in the Sea of Mamara in Turkey. The production increase stems from development of new fields in southeastern Turkey by Turkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortakligi (TPAO), the national oil company. Discovered in 1989, development of Kahta, Karakus, Cendere and several other nearby finds have pushed Turkish crude output to the highest level in 14 years. Last May, BP entered into a three-year joint venture with TPAO to explore a 29,344 sq mi area in the Black Sea in waters to 6,500+ ft deep. The three-year program calls for BP to run seismic this year followed by its Airborne Laser Fluorosensor survey technique. Drilling will depend on survey results.

Not Available

1991-08-01

280

The Genome of Turkey Herpesvirus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here we present the first complete genomic sequence of Marek's disease virus serotype 3 (MDV3), also known as turkey herpesvirus (HVT). The 159,160-bp genome encodes an estimated 99 putative proteins and resembles alphaherpesviruses in genomic organization and gene content. HVT is very similar to MDV1 and MDV2 within the unique long (UL) and unique short (US) genomic regions, where homologous

C. L. Afonso; E. R. Tulman; Z. Lu; L. Zsak; D. L. Rock; G. F. Kutish

2001-01-01

281

New technology adoption and the rule of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The environmental technologies almost always comply with regulation that, in turn, is interdependent t o the quality of institutional environment. In order to assess the effects of regulation on the adoption of environmental friendly technologies, it is importan t to understand the interaction between regulation and rule of law. Our model demonstrates the importance of reinforcing the rule of law

Davide Infante; Janna Smirnova

282

Are Compulsory Attendance Laws Outdated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educators are increasingly critical of State compulsory education laws. Argues that these regulations do little to assure that the basic goals of schooling are achieved. Commenting briefly on this thesis are Sidney P. Marland, Jr., B. Frank Brown, John Brubacher, Paul Salmon, and Juanita Jones. (Author)|

Johnson, Howard M.

1973-01-01

283

Making School Bully Laws Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the last decade, bully prevention activities moved from the local districts to the state houses where legislators amended public school laws to incorporate safety regulations. For instance, the 2001 authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, referred to as No Child Left Behind, included the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and…

Zeman, Laura Dreuth; Edmondson, Lynne

2011-01-01

284

Enforcing pollution control laws  

SciTech Connect

The heightened environmental consciousness of the 1970s prompted passage of a multitude of ambitious and unprecedented laws designed to clean up the environment and protect it for future generations. But beyond the mere passing of laws lay the difficult tasks of implementing, monitoring, and enforcing them. The authors of this book describe the current state of air and water pollution monitoring and enforcement activity a decade later, within the context of relevant legal, technological, and statistical developments. They mediate between the concerns of the theoretical literature-where it is generally assumed that violations are discovered and punished-and the real world-where violations are rarely discovered and almost never punished. Monitoring and enforcement procedures to date have been aimed at achieving initial rather than continuing compliance with regulations. The authors contend that it is time for a new approach focusing on the enduring problems of compliance. Economic models are used to show the extent of the difficulties involved in monitoring and enforcing pollution control laws on a continuous basis.

Russell, C.S.; Harrington, W.; Vaughan, W.J.

1986-01-01

285

Legal Currency in Special Education Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of some basic concepts in special education law will help principals better understand the complex laws and regulations implicated in common situations. This article cites a case scenario that illustrates various potential issues under IDEA 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Chris is in the 10th grade, and his parents have…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2011-01-01

286

Laws Must Be Nonpartisan, Not Bipartisan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that current campaign finance laws and regulations unfairly advantage incumbents and discourage challengers. This has resulted in the predominance of interest groups, media campaigns, and an emphasis on fund raising over political leadership. Argues for campaign finance laws written to serve the public interest. (MJP)

Mulford, Ross Clayton

1996-01-01

287

Introduction to China's Environmental Protection Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article deals with China's environmental protection laws. In order to coordinate the relationship between humankind and the environment, protect and improve the environment, protect people's health, and safeguard sustainable and steady economic and social development, the Chinese government has formulated a series of laws and regulations in…

Kuntao, Li; Wenzeng, Li

2004-01-01

288

Legal Currency in Special Education Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of some basic concepts in special education law will help principals better understand the complex laws and regulations implicated in common situations. This article cites a case scenario that illustrates various potential issues under IDEA 2004 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Chris is in the 10th grade, and his parents have…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2011-01-01

289

The Theory of Public Enforcement of Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter of the forthcoming Handbook of Law and Economics surveys the theory of the public enforcement of law %u2013 the use of governmental agents (regulators, inspectors, tax auditors, police, prosecutors) to detect and to sanction violators of legal rules. The theoretical core of our analysis addresses the following basic questions: Should the form of the sanction imposed on a

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

2005-01-01

290

Preschool Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published by the Department of Health and Human Services, as required by Nebraska law, this guide details regulations for the physical well-being, safety, and protection of children and defines the minimum levels of acceptable services to be provided in Nebraska preschools. The first section of the guide lists specific preschool regulations,…

Nebraska State Dept. of Health and Human Services, Lincoln.

291

Vaccination of young turkeys against fowl cholera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey poults vaccinated at one day of age with commercial inactivated Pasteurella multocida (PM) bacterin responded with low titres of antibody (ab) as measured by ELISA, but had an acceptable degree of resistance when challenged with the X?73 strain of PM until 13 weeks of age. Turkeys vaccinated at 3 and\\/or 6 weeks of age responded with higher ab titres

B. Perelman; D. Hadash; M. Meroz; M. Abramson; Y. Samberg

1990-01-01

292

On the wind energy in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increase in negative effects of fossil fuels on the environment has forced many countries, including Turkey, to use renewable energy sources. Today, clean, domestic and renewable energy is commonly accepted as the key for future life, not only for Turkey but also for the world. As wind energy is an alternative clean energy source compared to the fossil fuels that

Erkan Erdogdu

2009-01-01

293

Turkey's Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey's natural gas (NG) production is very small and is almost all imported. Turkish natural gas production in 2000, 23 billion cubic feet (Bcf), met around 4% of domestic natural gas consumption requirements. NG consumption is estimated at around 700 Bcf in year 2002, accounting for around 17% of Turkey's total energy consumption. Turkish natural gas demand had been projected

Mustafa Balat; Nuray Ozdemir

2005-01-01

294

Current Regulatory Earthquake Zoning Map of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparation of latest version of the regulatory earthquake zoning map of Turkey, which was one of the activities in the National Plan of Turkey for International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) period (1990-2000), was achieved by Earthquake Research Department at General Directorate of Disaster Affairs in cooperation with Earthquake Engineering Research Center at Middle East Technical University. Different from

Nazan Yilmaz; Murat Nurlu; Bekir Tüzel

295

Rights of the Child in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the…

Naqvi, Yasmin

296

The state of media literacy in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical media literacy embodies the issues of participation and critical analysis. Unlike many countries, media literacy education in Turkey has emerged as a state effort rather than a local grassroots movement. This study provides a discursive analysis of ‘media literacy’ as represented on the official web site of the project. We argue that media literacy efforts in Turkey follow “a

Özlem Oguzhan; Nazan Haydari

2011-01-01

297

Prevalence of parvoviruses in commercial turkey flocks.  

PubMed

Turkey parvovirus belongs to the family Parvoviridae, subfamily Parvovirinae, Genus parvovirus. Since the initial report on turkey parvovirus in the United States appeared in 1983, there had been no further reports of parvovirus in turkeys until 2008. The aims of our study were to determine the prevalence of parvovirus in commercial turkey flocks using PCR; to determine their genetic relationship to previous strains identified in North America and Europe; and to test samples for enteric viruses by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A total of 169 fecal samples collected from 42 turkey farms in four different states within the United States between 2000 and 2010 were examined. We found that the most frequently detected viruses by TEM were small round viruses, accounting for 52% of the examined samples; however, the PCR detected parvoviruses in 71% of the samples. The phylogenetic analysis of partial nonstructural gene sequences showed a certain degree of variability among the turkey samples tested in the study. Moreover, there was a clear dichotomy in the phylogenetic tree between chicken and turkey samples, with the exception of one turkey isolate from 2000, which clustered together with the chicken group. PMID:23397849

Murgia, M V; Rauf, A; Tang, Y; Gingerich, E; Lee, C-W; Saif, Y M

2012-12-01

298

New Records of Aphid Fauna in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Three aphid species were identified as new records for Turkey aphid fauna from Bartin province. These species are Ceruraphis viburnicola (Gillette) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), Dysaphis apiifolia (Theobald) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Macrosiphum mordvilkoi Miyazaki (Hemiptera: Aphididae). These records increase the recorded aphid-fauna of Turkey to 433 species.

Kaygin, Azize Toper; Gorur, Gazi; Cota, Figen

2010-01-01

299

Turkey's national security in the Middle East  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Middle East poses threats and opportunities for Turkey's national security. This article analyzes Turkey's national security considering five integrated variables: the regime's political legitimacy, the society's ethnic and religious tolerance, the availability of essential natural resources such as water, oil, and gas, the state's economic capabilities, and the state's military capabilities. The article examines the foreign policy directions and

Lenore Martin

2000-01-01

300

Attenuation modeling of recent earthquakes in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the derivation of a consistent set of empiricalattenuation relationships for predicting free-field horizontal components ofpeak ground acceleration (PGA) and 5 percent damped pseudoacceleration response spectra (PSA) from 47 strong ground motion recordsrecorded in Turkey. The relationships for Turkey were derived in similarform to those previously developed by Boore et al. (1997) for shallowearthquakes in western North

Polat Gülkan; Erol Kalkan

2002-01-01

301

Attenuation modeling of recent earthquakes in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the derivation of a consistent set of empirical attenuation relationships for predicting free-field horizontal components of peak ground acceleration (PGA) and 5 percent damped pseudo acceleration response spectra (PSA) from 47 strong ground motion records recorded in Turkey. The relationships for Turkey were derived in similar form to those previously developed by Boore et al. (1997)

Polat Gülkan; Erol Kalkan

2002-01-01

302

Suspended sediment yields of rivers in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to quantify the spatial distribution of suspended sediment yields of rivers in Turkey, and to quantify the suspended sediment flux to the sea, to lakes and reservoirs, and out of the country. Sediment yields in Turkey vary in accordance with the erosion potential of the river basins and values range from 12 to 609

FAZLI OZTURK

303

Turkey Hatchery. (Released January 15, 2013).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on January 1, 2013, in the United States totaled 28.1 million, down 1 percent from January 1, 2012. Eggs in incubators were up 5 percent from the December 1, 2012 total of 26.7 million eggs. Turkey poults hatched during December ...

2013-01-01

304

Primary Education Curriculum Reforms in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to examine and evaluate the basic structure of changes in primary educational curricula in Turkey since the establishment of Republic. The study is mainly qualitative and is based on literature and document analyses and teaching curricular reviews. The research findings indicate that primary educational reforms in Turkey

Akinoglu, Orhan

2008-01-01

305

WOMEN MANAGERS IN PRINTED MEDIA AND TURKEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we first offer the recent statistics about the women workforce and women managers in Turkey. Then we focus on the major factors that deprive many working women of the managerial positions and consider the problems that the women managers face in companies. Finally the news texts, including the female managers in the mass media of Turkey will

Senem Besler; Ilke Oruc

2010-01-01

306

Turkeys Raised (Released August 25, 2000).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2000 is 273 million, the same as were raised during 1999. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United States during 2000...

2000-01-01

307

Turkeys Raised (Released August 23, 2002).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2002 is 270 million, down 1 percent from the number raised during 2001. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United Stat...

2002-01-01

308

Turkeys Raised (Released August 24, 2001).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2001 is 270 million, the same as were raised during 2000. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United States during 2001...

2001-01-01

309

Rise of Political Islam in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a Muslim-majority country that is also a secular democratic state, a member of NATO, and a long-standing U.S. ally, Turkey is pivotal to U.S. strategy to shape the Middle Eastern security environment. Turkey also is a key test case for the role of Isla...

A. Rabasa F. S. Larrabee

2008-01-01

310

Dental remains of fossil elephants from Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is at the crossroads of Africa, Asia and Europe, and occupies an important position for the migration of mammals such as elephantids. Nonetheless, there has been no detailed study of fossil elephants from Turkey. In this study, elephant remains from five localities were examined. Mammuthus meridionalis, Mammuthus trogontherii, Elephas maximus and probably Palaeoloxodon antiquus were identified. M. meridionalis remains from

Ebru Albayrak; Adrian M. Lister

311

Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

Ince, Basak

2012-01-01

312

Government Publications and Gray Literature in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates bibliographic control of government publications and gray literature in Turkey, in order to determine what further measures are needed to support researchers in both Turkey and abroad. It reports the circumstances surrounding the creation of "The Bibliography of Government Publications" prepared in 1971, and outlines how…

Anameric, Hakan

2009-01-01

313

PREVALENCE OF ARCOBACTER IN COMMERCIAL TURKEY PRODUCTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Many protocols have been developed to determine the incidence of Arcobacter in livestock and their products, none of which are clearly defined for use in turkeys. Six Midwestern commercial turkey farms were selected for sampling in 2003 to determine the best protocol for the isolation as well as to...

314

Government Publications and Gray Literature in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates bibliographic control of government publications and gray literature in Turkey, in order to determine what further measures are needed to support researchers in both Turkey and abroad. It reports the circumstances surrounding the creation of "The Bibliography of Government Publications" prepared in 1971, and outlines how…

Anameric, Hakan

2009-01-01

315

Rights of the Child in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the considerable…

Naqvi, Yasmin

316

Solar drying in sludge management in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two main wastewater treatment plants in Bursa city in Turkey will start to operate and produce at least 27,000 tons of dry solids per year by the end of 2006. The purpose of this study was to investigate an economical solution to the sludge management problem that Bursa city would encounter. The general trend in Turkey is mechanical dewatering to

Nezih Kamil Salihoglu; Vedat Pinarli; Guray Salihoglu

2007-01-01

317

Importance of biomass energy sources for Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various agricultural residues such as grain dust, crop residues and fruit tree residues are available in Turkey as the sources of biomass energy. Among the biomass energy sources, fuelwood seems to be one of the most interesting because its share of the total energy production of Turkey is high at 21% and the techniques for converting it to useful energy

Ayhan Demirbas

2008-01-01

318

Ireland (Contraceptive laws).  

PubMed

Recent legal developments affecting planned parenthood in Ireland are reported. The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1935, which first prohibited the import and sale of contraceptives, and the Censorship of Publications Act, 1929, which prohibits the distribution of printed material advocating "the unnatural prevention of conception" have never been repealed. In the 1960s, the Fertility Guidance Company Ltd. was established. The organization opened a fertility guidance clinic in February 1969 which was attended mostly by people from the upper and middle classes. In 1971, the Company opened another clinic closer to poorer families, and the name was changed to the Irish Family Planning Association (IFPA). The pill is available in most pharmacies under the pretense that it is a menstrual cycle regulator. Many of the other contraceptives had to be acquired by the client through the mail either from Northern Ireland or from the IPPF Regional Despatch Center in London. Women requiring IUDs were referred to Belfast where the Northern Ireland FPA cared for them. In December 1972, a new organization, Family Planning Services Ltd., was established to provide mail-order contraceptives, since the customs authorities were increasingly confiscating imported contraceptives. In 1973, the Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional for the law to prohibit the import of contraceptives for personal use. The problem of legislating for the distribution, sale, and advocacy of contraceptives remains. It is believed there is now some urgency to change the law since, with the sudden legality of importing contraceptives, there is no means of regulating their distribution. In December 1973, the IFPA received a summons as did the Family Planning Services Ltd. The summonses are to be answered in a Dublin District Court on February 19, 1974. They concern the selling of contraceptives and the distribution of a family planning booklet. PMID:12178323

Nowlan, D

1974-01-01

319

Cool Turkey: Solving the Image Problem to Secure EU Membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the autumn 2005 Eurobarometer 55 per cent of the EU population perceive Turkey to be culturally too different to fit into the EU. Given that Turkey's accession to the EU will require ratification by the member states, this perception poses a problem for Turkey. This article discusses whether and how Turkey can solve its image problem. It argues

Rainer Hülsse

2006-01-01

320

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

321

TORT LAW: GENERAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter gives a general overview of the economic literature on tort law. It discusses the legal definitions of tort law, the development of tort law, the fundamental economic rationale of tort law and the scope of tort liability. A brief overview of the main topics of the economic analysis of tort law is given.

Hans-Bernd Schäfer

322

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses three of Kepler's laws of planetary motion: the law of ellipses, the equal areas law and the harmonic law. Each law is discussed in detail and includes an interactive animation that is helpful in understanding the law.

2010-04-29

323

Influence of plant growth regulators, basal media and carbohydrate levels on the in vitro development of Pinus ponderosa (Dougl. ex Law.) cotyledon explants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applications of in vitro screening techniques for Pinus ponderosa resistance to Peridermium harknessii could be beneficial in a tree breeding program. Plant growth regulators, basal media formula and carbohydrate levels were examined to determine the various effects each would have on excised cotyledon growth and development. Proliferating green callus was initiated from cotyledon explants on SH basal medium containing 4.4

G. A. Tuskan; W. A. Sargent; T. Rensema; J. A. Walla

1990-01-01

324

Long Hair and the Law: A Look at Constitutional and Title VII Challenges to Public and Private Regulation of Male Grooming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments that have been advanced in court by both sides of the controversy are examined, and it is concluded that male grooming regulations may effectively exclude a significant proportion of males from job opportunities or require them to alter their personal appearance for reasons probably unrelated to job performance. (LBH)

Troup, David P.

1975-01-01

325

The Dormant Commerce Clause and State Regulation of the Internet: Are Laws Protecting Minors From Sexual Predators Constitutionally Different Than Those Protecting Minors From Sexually Explicit Materials?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several states have enacted statutes to protect minors from harmful or obscene materials disseminated over the Internet, as well as from pedophiles seeking to use the Internet to lure them into sexual conduct. State and federal courts have diverged in their analysis of the Dormant Commerce Clause's impact on state regulation in these areas. While state courts have held that

Chin Pann

2005-01-01

326

Drug Impaired Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

Drug Impaired Driving Laws While all states have drunk driving laws, only some have enacted laws to address drug impairment. ... in control of the vehicle. Learn More About Impaired Driving Issue Brief 3 states – California, New York and ...

327

Multimedia and children in Turkey.  

PubMed

Multimedia will be regarded as essential tools for children to create their new world. The effects of television on young children's life have been well studied. Television differs, however, from other media, including the movies, in its pervasive impact on children. Children spend more time watching television than any other activity except sleeping. Overall 31% of children spent at least 4 hours a day watching television during weekday and 71.7% during weekend in Turkey. Television's influence on children is a function of the length of time they spend watching and the cumulative effect of what they see. Television may be a cause as well as a solution for many serious childhood problems. Excessive viewing of television has also been linked to aggressive behavior, violence, childhood obesity. On the other hand, television may act as a socializing agent and as a learning tool if the recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics is learned by pediatricians, parents and broadcasters. The use of home personal computers in urban residence increased from 3.2% in 1993 to 6.5% by January 1998 in Turkey. Around 20% of computer households reported owing a modem. Internet has been using only for 5 years in Turkey. Nearly 40% of computer households also used CD-ROM equipment. The percentage of schools that have a computer laboratory is only 2.64%. On the other hand, multimedia allows students to move away from a uniform education for everyone to assert individual identity, liberalize education and management. It seems likely that, within the next few years, most of the countries with substantial internet infrastructure will use the internet as the major medium for disseminating information, including information on children. To prepare students for such a world demands that educational systems make the best possible use of all knowledge and technologies currently available. PMID:10770073

Tuncer, A M; Yalçin, S S

1999-01-01

328

Environmental disasters as risk regulation catalysts? The role of Bhopal, Chernobyl, Exxon Valdez, Love Canal, and Three Mile Island in shaping U.S. environmental law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unexpected events such as environmental catastrophes capture wide public attention. Soon after five major shocks—Three Mile\\u000a Island, Love Canal, Bhopal, Chernobyl, and the Exxon Valdez oil spill—Congress voted on new risk regulation. This paper conducts\\u000a an event study to test whether individual congressional representatives were “shocked” by these environmental disasters into\\u000a increasing their probability of voting in favor of risk

Matthew E. Kahn

2007-01-01

329

7 CFR 502.16 - Penalties and other law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BELTSVILLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH CENTER PROPERTY, BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND § 502.16 Penalties and other law. Whoever shall...any Federal law or any laws and regulations of the State of Maryland. [37 FR 2424, Feb. 1, 1972. Redesignated at 61 FR...

2013-01-01

330

The Law of Criminal Cartels: Practice and Procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Law of Criminal Cartels provides comprehensive coverage of the cartel offence introduced into UK law by the Enterprise Act 2002, as well as of the related powers of the main regulators in the UK, EU, and overseas. The appearance of cartel conduct presents new challenges for lawyers straddling the traditionally unrelated areas of criminal and competition law. The book

Michael OKane

331

Consumer Protection Laws: Violator Detection and Enforcement Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology is proposed for both the assessment and enforcement of consumer protection laws and regulations. An assessment model is presented to determine the effect of a law (e.g., violation rate, characteristics and\\/or profile of violators) and then a cost efficient law enforcement strategy is described that is aimed at the violator population identified by the assessment model. This methodology

Priscilla A. Labarbera; Edward L. Melnick

1987-01-01

332

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Relationship to State laws. 2.20 Section 2.20 Public Health...Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing these regulations...290dd-3) do not preempt the field of law which they cover to the exclusion of...

2011-10-01

333

Bitlaw: A Resource on Technology Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Daniel A. Tysver of Beck & Tysver, P.L.L.P., an intellectual property law firm, this site is a comprehensive resource on technology law, with "over 1,800 pages on patent, copyright, trademark, and Internet legal issues." The site is divided into eight main sections, five of which (Patent Law, Trademark Law, Copyright Law, Software Patents, and Internet Legal Issues) are extended hyperlinked essays prefaced with an executive summary and a table of contents. The other three sections offer the full text of selected statutes, regulations, case law, and patent office documents; a large and well organized collection of annotated links; and sample forms and contracts, respectively. While there are any number of online legal resources, this site's clean navigation and depth set it apart.

Tysver, Daniel A.

334

Analysis of Federal and State Campaign Finance Law - Charts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal and state campaign financing laws are presented in a series of five charts: Campaign-Finance Reports or Statements, Expenditures regulation, contributions regulation, political advertising and tax provisions and government financing. Report is pub...

E. Yadlosky

1975-01-01

335

The Law of Misleading Advertising: An Examination of the Difference Between Common and Civil Law Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses a new conceptual framework to analyse advertising challenges in exploring the similarities and differences in advertising law and regulation of both common and civil law countries. The conceptual framework consists of five stages known as the five `-tions' of an advertising challenge: initiation; interpretation; deception; verification, and remediation. This framework reveals that despite the facial similarity in

Ross D Petty

1996-01-01

336

The Role of Law in Requirements Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal texts, such as regulations and legislation, a re increasingly playing an important role in requireme nts engineering and system development. Monitoring systems for requirements and policy compliance has been recognized in the requirements engineering community as a key area for research. Similarly, regulatory compliance is critical in systems that a re governed by regulations and law, especially given t

Paul N. Otto; Annie I. Antón

2007-01-01

337

44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY TRAINING...any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather or NETC premises. The rules and regulations in this part...

2012-10-01

338

44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY TRAINING...any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather or NETC premises. The rules and regulations in this part...

2011-10-01

339

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

340

Law As a Career.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended as a guide for people considering a career in law, this booklet addresses the following questions: (1) "What is the lawyer's role in society?" (2) "Should you be a lawyer?" (3) "What about jobs?" (4) "How much do lawyers make?" (5) "How do you choose a law school?" (6) "How to get into law school?" (7) "What is law school like?" (8) "How…

American Bar Association, Chicago, IL. Public Education Div.

341

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

342

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

343

Environmental law handbook. Fifteenth edition  

SciTech Connect

Written by 15 nationally recognized environmental legal experts, this new edition maintains the first edition's original goal to provide users with reliable, accurate, and practical compliance information by addressing all changes made to the laws in the past two years. Using clear language with a minimum of legal jargon, this essential 700-page reference provides readers with a foundation for understanding the obligations of the laws. This book also explains and details noncompliance penalties, including administrative fines and criminal prosecution for violation of all acts and newly increased fines for negligent violations of the Clean Water Act. The authors focus, however, on the 14 major environmental, health, and safety laws affecting US businesses and organizations and detail, in over 90 new pages, and all recent changes made to those laws. Such changes include explanations of the Joint EPA/State Innovations agreement, which the EPA and senior state environmental officials established and signed in 1998; the revised TSCA Model Reporting Rule, which took effect June 30, 1998; and RCRA's conditional regulation of waste military munitions, which went into effect August 12, 1997. In addition, this new handbook details the revised national ambient air quality standards for ozone and fine particles and the new and revised air toxics control requirements. Environmental managers, engineers, professionals, and students nationwide will benefit from the professional expertise, sample and cited cases, and straightforward explanations found in the pages of this comprehensive environmental law book, the industry standard for 26 years.

Sullivan, T.F.P. [ed.

1999-04-01

344

Trends in the Development of Broadcasting Law in Western Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological, economic and political changes in the media system also lead to changes in media law. The changes in press law, however, have been rather insignificant: freedom of the press as a right against state influence goes hand in hand with a minimum of government regulations. In the broadcasting sector, however, there has been a long tradition of regulation. Whereas

Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem

1992-01-01

345

Energy related environmental policies in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

There is increasing consensus in both the scientific and political communities that significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are necessary to limit the magnitude and extent of climate change. Renewable energy systems already reduce GHG emissions from the energy sector, although on a modest scale. Turkey is heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources (oil, gas, and coal) that place a big burden on the economy, and air pollution is becoming a great environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of these renewable energy sources. This article presents a review of the energy related environmental policies in Turkey.

Kaygusuz, K.; Bilgen, S. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

2008-07-01

346

Habitat Suitability Index Models: Eastern Wild Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A review and synthesis of existing information were used to develop a Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) model for the eastern wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo sylvestris). The model consolidates habitat use information into a framework appropriate for field...

R. L. Schroeder

1985-01-01

347

Poult adoption in Merriam's wild turkeys  

Treesearch

P.O. Box 96090 ... If males are removed from monogamous pairs after breeding, replacement males may fill the openings and adopt the brood (Martin 1989). ... Keywords: turkeys, Meleagris gallopavo merriami, poults, Black Hills, South ...

348

Standardization and Measurement Services in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The survey of standardization and measurement services for developing industries in Turkey has been carried out by NBS with funding by AID, with participation by representatives of Ecuador and Korea, and under the guidance of the Turkish Standards Institu...

H. S. Peiser R. J. Corruccini S. B. Newman

1972-01-01

349

Environmental issues and the law.  

PubMed Central

This report first briefly reviews the history and lessons learned from our legislation regarding protection of our environment. Then, these lessons are combined with principles of general jurisprudence to suggest avenues for regulation of industrial ecology. Even though the law has important limitations, it can be used as a tool to identify national goals and to promote their achievement by means of incentives or sanctions.

Henrichs, R

1992-01-01

350

Electricity Generation From Dams in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of growing environmental consciousness, renewable energy sources such as hydropower are preferred. It is generated from domestic sources and is also the cheapest in terms of cost. In 2007, the annual electricity production of Turkey reached 191,558.1 GWh of which 35,850.8 GWh came from hydropower plants. The economically and technically exploitable potential of Turkey is 127,000 GWh\\/yr.

K. Günaydin

2012-01-01

351

TEWI—Turkey Early Warning Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

TEWI—Turkey Early Warning Index is a combination of eight different indexes that basically stands on eight different macroeconomic variables. Each variable was selected in accordance with the strength of reflecting macroeconomic outlook. Analysis of the macroeconomic variables shows that all variables have almost the same transactions in pre-crisis terms. The difference of TEWI—Turkey Early Warning Index from the current early

Sercan Kiliclar; Oktay Tas

2009-01-01

352

A case of salinomycin intoxication in turkeys  

PubMed Central

Abstract A flock of 4287 heavy hybrid turkey hens were accidentally fed broiler premix containing salinomycin sodium and suffered a 34.5% death loss. Measures taken to ensure food safety for the remaining flock and consumer food safety included feed record studies, on-farm veterinary consultation, diagnostic laboratory studies, and CgFARAD and CFIA consultation. The remaining turkeys were processed 3 weeks after the initial toxicosis with no evidence of lesions that would render the product unfit for human consumption.

2006-01-01

353

How International Law Works  

Microsoft Academic Search

How International Law Works presents a theory of international law, how it operates, and why it works. Though appeals to international law have grown ever more central to international disputes and international relations, there is no well-developed, comprehensive theory of how international law shapes policy outcomes.\\u000aFilling a conspicuous gap in the literature on international law, Andrew T. Guzman builds

Andrew T Guzman

2008-01-01

354

Power laws, Pareto distributions and Zipf's law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When the probability of measuring a particular value of some quantity varies inversely as a power of that value, the quantity is said to follow a power law, also known variously as Zipf's law or the Pareto distribution. Power laws appear widely in physics, biology, earth and planetary sciences, economics and finance, computer science, demography and the social sciences. For instance, the distributions of the sizes of cities, earthquakes, forest fires, solar flares, moon craters and people's personal fortunes all appear to follow power laws. The origin of power-law behaviour has been a topic of debate in the scientific community for more than a century. Here we review some of the empirical evidence for the existence of power-law forms and the theories proposed to explain them.

Newman, Mej

2005-09-01

355

Sulfachlorpyrazine residues depletion in turkey edible tissues.  

PubMed

Sulfachlorpyrazine (SCP) is currently used to treat coccidian infections in turkeys; however, there is no information available about the withdrawal period necessary for the turkey to be safe for human consumption. A high performance liquid chromatography method with ultraviolet-visible light detection was adapted and validated for the determination of SCP in turkey tissues. The procedure is based on isolation of the (SCP sodium) compound from edible turkey tissues (muscles, liver, kidneys, and fat with skin) with satisfactory recovery (72.80 +/- 1.40) and specificity. The residue depletion of SCP in turkeys was conducted after a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight/day had been administrated orally for 3 days. After treatment has been discontinued residue concentrations were detected in tissues on the 7th day. The highest SCP concentrations were measured in muscles. Based on the results presented in this study, it could be assumed that a withdrawal period of 21 days, before medicated turkeys could be slaughtered, would be sufficient to ensure consumer safety. PMID:20646202

?ebkowska-Wieruszewska, B I; Kowalski, C J

2010-08-01

356

9 CFR 201.5 - Bylaws, rules and regulations, and requirements of exchanges, associations, or other...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...any valid bylaw, rule or regulation, or requirement of any exchange, association...or any other valid law, rule or regulation, or...regulation, or requirement of any exchange, association...or any other valid law, rule or regulation,...

2013-01-01

357

PATHOLOGY AND VIRUS TISSUE DISTRIBUTION OF TURKEY ORIGIN REOVIRUSES IN EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED TURKEY POULTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The pathogenesis of four isolates of turkey-origin reovirus (TRV) and one chicken-origin reovirus was examined by infecting specific pathogen free (SPF) poults. These TRV isolates were collected from turkey flocks experiencing poult enteritis and are genetically distinct from previously reported avi...

358

Turkey vulture and California condor  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Populations of turkey vultures in the western states appear stable, with no evidence of recent significant changes in distribution. Turkey vultures occupy a variety of habitats, nest in diverse situations and utilize a wide variety of carrion. Consequently, no particular limiting factor is likely to have a major effect on the total population. California condor numbers, in contrast, have continued to decline. With the capture of the last wild bird in 1987, the species has been extirpated from the wild. Reestablishment will depend on production and introduction of captive-reared birds, hopefully within the next 10 years. In the 18th century, condors inhabited areas along the Pacific coast from British Columbia to Baja California. Since 1950, the range has been restricted to a six county area adjacent to the southern San Joaquin Valley of California. Within this area, there appears to be no shortage of suitable nest sites; all recently used nest sites are within federally-controlled lands. Suitable foraging grounds have continued to diminish and are now largely limited to private rangelands and some Bureau of Land Management rangelands within the foothills of the San Joaquin Valley. Only these areas continue to supply the large mammal carcasses that the California condor needs for survival. The habitat of the condor is subject to a variety of land use practices and development pressures. Excessive mortality, coupled with low reproductive potential, continues to threaten the recovery of the species. Development of management practices to reduce mortality, particularly those that are contaminant-related, and of a preserve design to insure adequate habitat for the reintroduced population are still necessary for eventual recovery of the species.

Pattee, O.H.; Wilbur, S.R.

1989-01-01

359

The invention of health law.  

PubMed

By default, the courts are inventing health law. The law governing the American health system arises from an unruly mix of statutes, regulations, and judge-crafted doctrines conceived, in the main, without medical care in mind. Courts are ill-equipped to put order to this chaos, and until recently they have been disinclined to try. But political gridlock and popular ire over managed care have pushed them into the breach, and the Supreme Court has become a proactive health policy player. How might judges make sense of health law's disparate doctrinal standards? Scholars from diverse ideological starting points have converged toward a single answer: the law should look to deploy medical resources in a systematically rational manner, so as to maximize the benefits that every dollar buys. This answer bases the orderly development of health care law upon our ability to reach stable understandings, in myriad circumstances, of what welfare maximization requires. In this Article, I contend that this goal is not achievable. Scientific ignorance, cognitive limitations, and normative disagreements yield shifting, incomplete, and contradictory understandings of social welfare in the health sphere. The chaotic state of health care law today reflects this unruliness. In making systemic welfare maximization the lodestar for health law, we risk falling so far short of aspirations for reasoned decision making as to invite disillusion about the possibilities for any sort of rationality in this field. Accordingly, I urge that we define health law's aims more modestly, based on acknowledgement that its rationality is discontinuous across substantive contexts and changeable with time. This concession to human limits, I argue, opens the way to health policy that mediates wisely between our desire for public action to maximize the well being of the many and our intimate wishes to be treated noninstrumentally, as separate ends. I conclude with an effort to identify the goals of health law, so constructed, should pursue and to suggest how a strategy of accommodation among these goals might apply to a variety of legal controversies. PMID:15046033

Bloche, M Gregg

2003-03-01

360

Turkey's Iran Card: Energy Cooperation in American and Russian Vortex.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis analyzes the consequences of Turkey's natural gas cooperation with Iran. Two countries initiated cooperation in natural gas sales and transportation to Turkey and Europe. However, conflicting interests of many actors in energy issues make find...

E. Dogan

2004-01-01

361

78 FR 55095 - Certain Pasta From Italy and Turkey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review)] Certain Pasta From Italy and Turkey Determinations On the basis of the record...orders on certain pasta from Italy and Turkey would be likely to lead to continuation...respect to imports of certain pasta from...

2013-09-09

362

Consumers' Perceptions about Genetically Modified Foods and Their Stated Willingness-to-Pay for Genetically Modified Food Labeling: Evidences from Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

We applied a multinomial logit model to determine consumer characteristics affecting three possible policy regulations that wanted to be implemented for genetically modified foods in Turkey. The study reveals that many household characteristics including food spending amount, education, gender, marital status, knowledge about food related policies and regional variables are key policy factors to choose regulation programs on GMO foods.

Bahri Karli; Abdulbaki Bilgic; Bulent Miran

2008-01-01

363

Selection of MSW landfill site for Konya, Turkey using GIS and multi-criteria evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Landfill is a common solution for the final disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Turkey. Landfill siting is an extremely\\u000a difficult task to accomplish because the site selection process depends on different factors and regulations. To ensure that\\u000a an appropriate site is chosen, a systematic process should be developed and followed. Unsuccessful landfill siting is typically\\u000a the result of

Bilgehan Nas; Tayfun Cay; Fatih Iscan; Ali Berktay

2010-01-01

364

Transcriptional profiling identifies differentially expressed genes in developing turkey skeletal muscle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Skeletal muscle growth and development from embryo to adult consists of a series of carefully regulated changes in gene expression.\\u000a Understanding these developmental changes in agriculturally important species is essential to the production of high quality\\u000a meat products. For example, consumer demand for lean, inexpensive meat products has driven the turkey industry to unprecedented\\u000a production through intensive genetic selection. However,

Kelly RB Sporer; Robert J Tempelman; Catherine W Ernst; Kent M Reed; Sandra G Velleman; Gale M Strasburg

2011-01-01

365

Educational Technology in Turkey: Past, Present and Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains the past, discusses the present, and makes projections for the future of educational technology in Turkey. Topics include historical background of Turkey and of educational technology in Turkey; the role of the Ministry of National Education; distance education; technology-based education; and the national information infrastructure.…

Akkoyunlu, Buket

2002-01-01

366

Overview of the photovoltaic technology status and perspective in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Republic of Turkey, located in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe). Nowadays, Turkey with its young population and growing energy demand per person, its fast growing urbanization, and its economic development, has been one of the fast growing electrical energy markets of the world for the last

Furkan Dinçer

2011-01-01

367

Assessment of Rural Tourism in Turkey Using SWOT Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study, current and future situations of rural tourism in Turkey were criticized by means of SWOT analysis technique. As a result, Turkey has important rural tourism potential, but initiatives, investments and promotion for rural tourism are inadequate and slow compared to main tourism destinations in Mediterranean countries. Turkey can be one of the most important rural tourism centres

Hasan Akca

2006-01-01

368

Survey of Kansas Wild Turkey Hunters: Experiences, Opinions, and Satisfactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) have become an important game species in Kansas since the first season opened in 1974. We surveyed Kansas turkey hunters to determine their demographic characteristics, hunting experiences, opinions, and satisfactions. We mailed 642 questionnaires to hunters who bought spring or fall turkey permits during the 1998-1999 seasons. Of these questionnaires, 33 were returned undeliverable and 403

Roger D. Applegate; Ted T. Cable; Philip S. Gipson

369

Hydropower Energy Versus Other Energy Sources in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydroelectric energy is one of the major renewable energy resources in Turkey. Turkey's gross hydropower potential is estimated as 433–442 terawatt hours\\/year; that is equal to 1% of world and 14% of European hydropower potential. This article presents the historical development, potential, and current status of hydropower, and examines the current role hydropower is playing in Turkey, along with some

M. ?. Kömürcü; A. Akpinar

2010-01-01

370

Electric Power Plants and Electricity Generation in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electricity demand in Turkey grows rapidly as a result of the rate of population growth, a rapid industrialization, and economic development. When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, its installed capacity of electricity production and the total electricity production were only 33 MW and 45 GWh, respectively. But, Turkey's installed power capacity reached 38,843.5 MW with an annual

M. Bilgili; B. ?ahin

2009-01-01

371

Naturally occurring clinical reticuloendotheliosis in Turkeys and chickens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outbreaks of clinical reticuloendotheliosis (RE) were observed in a turkey flock and two pullet flocks. Clinical signs in turkeys included sleepiness, weakness, anorexia, diarrhoea and reduced egg production. The pullets showed severe emaciation, loss of back feathers, anorexia and diarrhoea. Fifteen out of 54 turkeys died before the flock was killed. One pullet flock suffered 20% mortality while the other

J. O. A. Okoye; W. Ezema; J. N. Agoha

1993-01-01

372

Everyday Engineering: Time's up, turkey--Pop-up thermometers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an ex

Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

2009-11-01

373

Renewable and sustainable energy use in Turkey: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is an energy importing nation with more than half of our energy requirements met by imported fuels. Air pollution is becoming a significant environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources are becoming attractive for sustainable energy development and environmental pollution mitigation in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of

Kamil Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

374

Generalization of Snell's Law  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis presents several derivations of Snell's Law of Refraction and one of the principle of reflection. In all of these, we place different constraints upon the problem and produce the familiar laws governing reflection and refraction. The main resu...

M. L. Hawkins

1990-01-01

375

Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies five "motives" behind law-related education. They are citizenship education, delinquency prevention, survival skills, critical thinking, and ethics education. Presents a brief survey designed to collect information about law-related education in the Michigan public schools. (JDH)|

Little, Timothy H.

1987-01-01

376

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1987-01-01

377

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1988-01-01

378

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1989-01-01

379

Criminal Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the Naval Justice School lawyer course in military criminal law is to prepare military attorneys to develop competent legal analyses and solutions to substantive criminal law problems. Two basic legal skills will be developed in the course:...

1986-01-01

380

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video shows how Newton's Third Law of Motion can be demonstrated using a low-friction "sled" and two rubber bands. The video includes a brief description of Newton's third law and explains the reaction force on the sled.

Fix, Darren

2009-02-26

381

Turkish Delight for Some, Cold Turkey for Others?: The Effects of the EU-Turkey Customs Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following Turkey’s application for EU membership in 1987, a Customs Union (CU) between Turkey and the EU, mainly covering trade in manufacturing goods and processed agricultural products, came into effect in 1995. In addition to a large agricultural sector, Turkey also specializes in the production and exportation of relatively low-price, low-quality varieties of manufactured products. We use a theoretical framework

Antonis Adam; Thomas Moutos

2005-01-01

382

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

383

Health care law versus constitutional law.  

PubMed

National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the Supreme Court's ruling on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, is a landmark decision - both for constitutional law and for health care law and policy. Others will study its implications for constitutional limits on a range of federal powers beyond health care. This article considers to what extent the decision is also about health care law, properly conceived. Under one view, health care law is the subdiscipline that inquires how courts and government actors take account of the special features of medicine that make legal or policy issues especially problematic - rather than regarding health care delivery and finance more generically, like most any other economic or social enterprise. Viewed this way, the opinions from the Court's conservative justices are mainly about general constitutional law principles. In contrast, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's dissenting opinion for the four more liberal justices is just as much about health care law as it is about constitutional law. Her opinion gives detailed attention to the unique features of health care finance and delivery in order to inform her analysis of constitutional precedents and principles. Thus, the Court's multiple opinions give a vivid depiction of the compelling contrasts between communal versus individualistic conceptions of caring for those in need, and between health care and health insurance as ordinary commodities versus ones that merit special economic, social, and legal status. PMID:23262771

Hall, Mark A

2012-12-21

384

Myocarditis associated with reovirus in turkey poults.  

PubMed

Myocarditis associated with reovirus was diagnosed in 17-day-old, male turkey poults, based on virus isolation, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), demonstration of reovirus antigen in the cytoplasm of mononuclear inflammatory cells and myocytes in the heart by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and reovirus particles in the endoplasmic reticulum of myocytes by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Clinical signs in the poults included anorexia, growth depression, and increased mortality. Gross lesions in the six poults examined were increased pericardial fluid, mild-to-moderate dilation of right ventricles, pale-yellow myocardium, and ascites. Other lesions in a few birds included mild pulmonary edema, congestion, and pale serosa of the small intestine that had watery contents in their lumens. Microscopically, in the heart, there was mild-to-severe necrosis of myocytes and infiltration of primarily lymphocytes mixed with a few heterophils, macrophages, and occasionally, plasma cells and multinucleated giant cells. There was mild-to-moderate lymphoid depletion in the bursa of Fabricius. Reovirus was isolated from the heart of the turkey poults in chicken-embryo liver cells and was confirmed by RT-PCR, IHC, and TEM. A retrospective search of the laboratory database for cases of myocarditis associated with reovirus in turkeys revealed that this condition has occurred sporadically in California turkey flocks since 1991. This is the first documentation of myocarditis in turkey poults associated with reovirus. PMID:20095152

Shivaprasad, H L; Franca, M; Woolcock, P R; Nordhausen, R; Day, J M; Pantin-Jackwood, M

2009-12-01

385

Understanding Trademark Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding Trademark Law is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the law of trademarks and unfair competition. It provides a thorough introduction to the federal laws protecting registered trademarks and trade dress, as well as the broad array of federal and state unfair competition doctrines which protect unregistered trademarks and trade dress. Coverage includes the standards and procedures for obtaining

Mary LaFrance

2009-01-01

386

Economic analysis of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic analysis of law concerns predicting impacts of legislative rules on incentives and behaviour of individuals and judging social efficiency of alternative legislative rules. It applies price theory, welfare theory and public choice theory on creating and applying law. One of its main shortcomings however is the lack of criteria of social efficiency. Modern history of economic analysis of law

Robert Holman

2004-01-01

387

Newton's Laws of Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

THERE is a point in connection with Newton's laws of motion which tha text-books on dynamics, which found the science upon those laws, seem to me to leave very inconveniently and unnecessarily mysterious. The point to which I allude is the meaning of the words ``rest or uniform motion in a straight line'' in the first law. The difficult words

1887-01-01

388

Employment and Labor Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and compares the employment and labor laws of three countries-US, South Africa, and Ghana. The methodology employed is a qualitative review of each countries employment and labor laws that are centered on collective bargaining, employment discrimination and other workplace standards, unemployment compensation, pensions, workplace safety, and workers compensation. Even though, the three countries have laws covering various

Jeffrey S. Siekpe; Walter E. Greene

2006-01-01

389

Soft Law As Delegation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines one of the most important trends in international legal governance since the end of the Cold War: the rise of “soft law,” or legally non-binding instruments that are given legal effect through domestic law or internationally binding agreements such as treaties. Scholars studying the design of international agreements have long puzzled over why states use soft law.

Timothy Meyer

2008-01-01

390

EC Customs Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

EC Customs Law places the law relating to customs duty in the context of the EC and international trade. This fully updated second edition covers significant changes in EC customs procedure, legislation, and case-law since the first edition. It includes coverage of the recently implemented 2005 amendments to the Community Customs Code, and an exploration the impact of major expansion

Timothy Lyons QC

391

Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this chapter is to suggest outlines of a preventive law practice, raise issues, and provoke further thought and discussion concerning the application of preventive law principles and techniques to the management and operation of educational systems. The theory of preventive law and some of its premises are examined in order to…

Bednar, William C., Jr.

392

Operational Law Handbook,2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Operational Law Handbook is a 'how to' guide for judge advocates practicing operational law. It provides reference and describes tactics and techniques for the practice of operational law. It supports the doctrinal concepts and principles of FM 3-0 an...

2007-01-01

393

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, from distracted driving to motorcyle helmet use. GHSA maintains comprehensive information about these laws and publishes it online in two formats: By Type of Law ... phone 202.789.0942 , fax 202.789.0946, headquarters@ghsa.org

394

Law enforcement and transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a simple model to analyze law enforcement problems in transition economies. Law enforcement implies coordination problems and multiplicity of equilibria due to a law abidance and a fiscal externality. We analyze two institutional mechanisms for solving the coordination problem. A first mechanism, which we call “dualism”, follows the scenario of Chinese transition where the government keeps direct control

Gérard Roland; Thierry Verdier

2003-01-01

395

International Soft Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the concept of soft law has existed for years, scholars have not reached consensus on why states use soft law or even whether “soft law” is a coherent analytic category. In part, this confusion reflects a deep diversity in both the types of international agreements and the strategic situations that produce them. In this paper, we advance four complementary

Andrew T Guzman; Timothy L Meyer

2010-01-01

396

Zipf's law in multifragmentation  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the meaning of Zipf's law in nuclear multifragmentation. We remark that Zipf's law is a consequence of a power-law fragment size distribution with exponent {tau}{approx_equal}2. We also recall why the presence of such a distribution is not a reliable signal of a liquid-gas phase transition.

Campi, X.; Krivine, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Modeles Statistiques Bat. 100, Universite de Paris XI, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

2005-11-01

397

Law of Empires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores issues raised by empires and imperial law. The first article, "Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America," looks at the clash of empires and the fight for North America during the 18th century. The second article, "When Roman Law Ruled the Western World," examines Roman Law, which helped hold…

Martz, Carlton

2001-01-01

398

Environmental laws in health care.  

PubMed

Federal and state regulations regarding the management and disposal of medical waste are currently quite extensive and will only become more comprehensive in the future. The public's heightened awareness and concerns over infectious diseases and discoveries of medical waste on beaches in New Jersey, Alabama, and other states, as well as medical waste being found in open trash bins and at public landfills, has brought to the public's attention the need for governmental intervention into this growing area of concern. Because regulations originating from the local, state, and federal levels have the potential to significantly affect hospitals, it is important that a specific person or department within the organization have a clearly designated responsibility to stay informed and follow up on these regulations. The designated person or department must work closely with the hospital's attorney to make sure that he or she stays current on environmental laws and keeps the institution adequately advised of its legal responsibilities. PMID:10121995

Ruff, G G

1992-11-01

399

Reduction of inoculated Salmonella cocktail in ground turkey and turkey breasts using Lactobacillus-based intervention.  

PubMed

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been shown to be inhibitory toward various pathogenic bacteria during refrigerated storage of ground beef samples and in subprimals. In this study, the effectiveness of a combination of 4 strains of Lactobacillus at reducing Salmonella in turkey products was evaluated to improve the final safety of the product. Turkey breasts (hot and chilled) were inoculated with a 3-strain Salmonella cocktail (Typhimurium ATCC 14028, Enteritidis PT 13 NVSL 96-18535, and Heidelberg 3347-1 Sheldon) and then treated with 1 × 10(6 )cfu/cm(2) of a Lactobacillus-based intervention comprising NP51, NP35, NP3, and NP7 (Lactiguard, Nutrition Physiology Corp., Kansas City, MO). The turkey breasts were stored at either 5°C to simulate refrigerated storage and sampled on d 0, 1, 2, and 3 or at 37°C to simulate hot carcass applications and sampled at h 0, 2, and 4. Additionally, ground turkey was inoculated with a 3-strain Salmonella cocktail, treated with 1 × 10(6 )cfu/g of the LAB intervention, and stored at 5°C with sampling on d 0, 1, 2, and 3. The reduction of Salmonella in the turkey breasts stored at 5°C treated with Lactobacillus was 2 log (P < 0. 05) compared with the control turkey breasts after d 2. Salmonella in the turkey breasts held at 37°C was reduced by 1.5 log (P < 0.05) by h 2 and 2 log (P < 0.05) by h 4. The Salmonella in the ground turkey held at 5°C using the LAB exhibited a 2 log (P < 0. 05) reduction compared with the control after d 1. These results show that the addition of a Lactobacillus-based treatment in turkey products significantly reduces Salmonella during storage. PMID:21406375

Dow, A; Alvarado, C; Brashears, M

2011-04-01

400

33 CFR 19.01 - Procedures for effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations. 19.01 Section 19...WAIVERS OF NAVIGATION AND VESSEL INSPECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS 1 § 19.01 Procedures...waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations. (a) It is...

2013-07-01

401

Solar radiation potential in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

The primary input in solar energy applications is the solar radiation data. In places of interest, the long term correlations can be developed using the other meterological parameters. Bright sunshine hours are the mostly applied parameter. In this work, a quadratic equation of modified Angstrom type is used to estimate the global irradiances of the fifty stations in the country. These stations are located between 36/sup 0/ and 42/sup 0/ N latitudes. Moreover, the information of the beam and diffuse components of radiation on both the hourly and daily basis are necessary for the detailed system analyses. The general approach is to split the daily medium global radiation to its components, and to predict their hourly variations during a day. These values can also be converted to non-horizontal surfaces with the given inclination and orientation. To this end, there exist important relations deducted from the measured data. Among them the interrelationships of Liu and Jordon are applied to predict the hourly radiation components on any plane for the same fifty locations. The most significant computer output tables are collected to form a ''Solar Radiation Handbook of Turkey''. Any required information on solar radiation can be obtained in detail from these tables.

Tasdemiroglu, E.

1983-12-01

402

Prevalence of alcohol in blood samples from traffic accident cases in Turkey.  

PubMed

Alcohol is one of the main causes of traffic accidents worldwide. With a population of 70 million, 12 million vehicles, and 18 million drivers (16% women), Turkey is one of the European countries that has a high incidence of road traffic accidents.In accordance with Turkish laws, subjects were considered to be positive when alcohol blood concentration exceeded 50 mg/100 mL. The objective of the present study was to obtain reliable and comparable data about alcohol use in traffic cases in Turkey. All cases are admitted to the emergency department at Ege University Medical Faculty. The cases from police officers are described as traffic control cases. Alcohol was detected in the blood of about 54.4% of the traffic-related cases during October 2005 to March 2007. It has been observed that, in 17.4% of the traffic accident cases, the blood alcohol level was 50 mg/dL or less, which is the legal limit in Turkey for car drivers. Alcohol prevalence was 57.2% in male cases and 43.6% in female cases. In alcohol-positive cases; the ratios for males were 1.73 times more frequent in traffic-related cases. Prevalence data will help traffic safety professionals to adequately allocate resources and plan future efforts in reducing drinking-and-driving behavior and thereby reduce traffic accidents. PMID:21490496

Akgür, Serap Annette; Ertas, Hasan; Altntoprak, A Ender; Ozkan, Meral; Kitapcoglu, Gül

2011-06-01

403

International law and law enforcement firearms.  

PubMed

Several international agreements set constraints on the legitimate use of firearms as representing lethal force. Their meaning in terms of weapons technology must take into account their operational frame of reference, and legitimate warfare can be regarded as a law enforcement operation with similar principles on the use of force. Changes in weapons technology, such as new types of ammunition, transforming firearms into weapons with less-lethal and even humanitarian options, require new interpretations of the legislation. A division into lethal and non-lethal weapons is an oversimplification and the separation of international humanitarian law into military and law enforcement provisions can be questioned from the technical aspect. The type of technology acceptable for law enforcement use of firearms should be defined. An assessment for weapon injury should not be based on lethality, but rather on the potential for tissue damage and its reversibility. PMID:15015547

Jussila, Jorma; Normia, Pertti

404

Nurses' protective measures during chemotherapy preparation and administration in Turkey*.  

PubMed

Chemotherapeutic agents are known to be carcinogenic, teratogenic and mutagenic to humans. Occupational exposure to chemotherapeutic agents is a potential risk. The aim of this study was to determine the safety measures on personal and environmental protection taken by nurses during chemotherapy preparation and administration. Current study was conducted between 1 April and 30 June 2007 in the chemotherapy administration units of all hospitals in Samsun, North of the Turkey. Seventy-three nurses were included in the study group. Data were obtained via questionnaire form. Findings for nurses' safety behaviour and usage of recommended health safety measures showed that, notwithstanding the rules and regulations pertaining to chemotherapeutics, nurses did not comply with them fully. The study expanded that health providers and clinical environment are under threat for contamination of chemotherapeutics. The results clearly point the importance of need for regular education programme. This study also revealed the necessity for improvement of the working environment. PMID:22257336

Rizalar, Selda; Tural, Esra; Altay, Birsen

2012-02-01

405

Differential gene expression between normal and pale, soft, and exudative turkey meat.  

PubMed

In response to high consumer demand, turkeys have been intensively selected for rapid growth rate and breast muscle mass and conformation. The success in breeding selection has coincided with an increasing incidence of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat defect, especially in response to heat stress. We hypothesized that the underlying mechanism responsible for the development of PSE meat arises from differences in expression of several critical genes. The objective of this study was to determine differential gene expression between normal and PSE turkey meat using a 6K turkey skeletal muscle long oligonucleotide microarray. Breast meat samples were collected from Randombred Control Line 2 turkeys at 22 wk of age, and classified as normal or PSE primarily based on marinade uptake (high = normal, low = PSE). Total RNA was isolated from meat samples with the highest (normal, n = 6) and the lowest (PSE, n = 6) marinade uptake. Microarray data confirmation was conducted using quantitative real-time PCR. Selection of differentially expressed genes for pathway analysis was performed using a combination of fold change (FC) ranking (FC < -1.66, FC >1.66) and false discovery rate (<0.35) as criteria. The calcium signaling pathway was highlighted as the top canonical pathway associated with differential gene expression between normal and PSE turkey. Dramatic downregulation of fast-twitch myosin heavy chain coupled with upregulation of slow-twitch myosin and troponin C suggested a switch of skeletal muscle isoforms, which may alter muscle fiber arrangement and formation of actin-myosin complexes. Changes in expression of genes in the actin cytoskeleton signaling pathway also suggest altered structures of actin filaments that may affect cell motility as well as strength and flexibility of muscle cells. Substantial downregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isozyme 4 was observed in PSE samples, suggesting altered regulation of the aerobic metabolic pathway in the birds that developed PSE meat defect. PMID:23687159

Malila, Y; Tempelman, R J; Sporer, K R B; Ernst, C W; Velleman, S G; Reed, K M; Strasburg, G M

2013-06-01

406

Cochlosoma infection in a turkey in Iran.  

PubMed

Cochlosoma sp. infection was identified in a single case among 60 stunted diarrheic native turkey poults, Meleagris galopavo. A large number of the flagellated parasites was found free or within the intervillous spaces of the jejunum, ileum and cecum. Moderate enteritis was associated with the parasites. In TEM studies of the parasagittal sections of the parasite, a prominent ventral sucker like disc and flagella emerging from an opening on the ventrodorsal surface of the pyriform uninuclear parasite were found. The morphological characteristics of this protozoan match with those described for Cochlosoma anatis. The parasite could be considered as an intestinal pathogenic protozoan causing stunting and diarrhea in turkeys in Iran. PMID:19967088

Gharagozlou, Mohammad Javad; Dezfoulian, Omid

2009-12-01

407

Cochlosoma Infection in a Turkey in Iran  

PubMed Central

Cochlosoma sp. infection was identified in a single case among 60 stunted diarrheic native turkey poults, Meleagris galopavo. A large number of the flagellated parasites was found free or within the intervillous spaces of the jejunum, ileum and cecum. Moderate enteritis was associated with the parasites. In TEM studies of the parasagittal sections of the parasite, a prominent ventral sucker like disc and flagella emerging from an opening on the ventrodorsal surface of the pyriform uninuclear parasite were found. The morphological characteristics of this protozoan match with those described for Cochlosoma anatis. The parasite could be considered as an intestinal pathogenic protozoan causing stunting and diarrhea in turkeys in Iran.

Dezfoulian, Omid

2009-01-01

408

Current state of biotechnology in Turkey.  

PubMed

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary branch of science that encompasses a wide range of subjects like genetics, virology, microbiology, immunology, engineering to develop vaccines, and so on and plays a vital role in health systems, crop and seed management, yield improvement, agriculture, soil management, ecology, animal farming, cellular process, bio statistics, and so on. This article is about activities in medical and pharmaceutical biotechnology, environmental biotechnology, agricultural biotechnology and nanobiotechnology carried out in Turkey. Turkey has made some progress in biotechnology projects for research and development. PMID:21683573

Dundar, Munis; Akbarova, Yagut

2011-06-15

409

38 CFR 1.218 - Security and law enforcement at VA facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROVISIONS Security and Law Enforcement at Department of Veterans...218 Security and law enforcement at VA facilities. (a...the responsibility for the enforcement of these rules and regulations...narcotic drugs, hallucinogens, marijuana, barbiturates, or...

2010-07-01

410

38 CFR 1.218 - Security and law enforcement at VA facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROVISIONS Security and Law Enforcement at Department of Veterans...218 Security and law enforcement at VA facilities. (a...the responsibility for the enforcement of these rules and regulations...narcotic drugs, hallucinogens, marijuana, barbiturates, or...

2013-07-01

411

38 CFR 1.218 - Security and law enforcement at VA facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROVISIONS Security and Law Enforcement at Department of Veterans...218 Security and law enforcement at VA facilities. (a...the responsibility for the enforcement of these rules and regulations...narcotic drugs, hallucinogens, marijuana, barbiturates, or...

2009-07-01

412

Proceedings of the ninth annual institute of the Eastern Mineral Law Foundation  

SciTech Connect

This book contains the proceeding of the 9th annual institute of the Eastern Mineral Law Foundation. Topics covered include: Protecting trade secrets; Securities law; Avoiding severance disputes; Oil and gas regulations; and Bank financing.

Fox, C.A. (Univ. of Pittsburgh, School of Law, Pittsburgh, PA (US)); McGinley, P.C. (West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (USA). Coll. of Law)

1988-01-01

413

45 CFR 1151.5 - Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP General Provisions...Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities...regulation. For example, a music school receiving...

2009-10-01

414

45 CFR 1151.5 - Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF HANDICAP General Provisions...Inconsistent State laws and effect of employment opportunities...regulation. For example, a music school receiving...

2010-10-01

415

Heat stress and diet utilization in male turkeys : the role of dietary energy and amino acids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keywords: turkeys, heat stress, energy, amino acids.The commercial turkey industry has changed during the last two or three decades from one that marketed predominantly fresh whole dressed turkeys to one that now markets a large variety of mostly further processed products. Turkey breast meat is the most economically important part that is further processed. The turkey industry improved breast meat

T. Veldkamp

2002-01-01

416

Ocean and Coastal Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First of all, this is not the typical book that one expects to see reviewed in Eos, but, read on. It should be clear, by now, even to the most esoteric geophysicist, that lawyers and jurists are taking very close looks at many coastal zone and offshore marine activities. More importantly, there are a wide variety of laws (both at the state and the national levels) and international regulations that determine how we now use or will use our coastal region including how and where we will do marine scientific research. Recently, a Presidential Proclamation (March 1983) declared a 200-mile exclusive economic zone for the United States. The President, in the accompanying statements to the Proclamation, has called special attention to polymetallic sulfide deposits (Is someone in the White House reading Eos?) in what will now be U.S. waters (i.e., the Juan de Fuca region). Well, if you or your colleagues want to know more about U.S. and individual state rules for management and use of our marine areas, this might be the book for you.

Ross, David A.

417

Laws, Regulations, Guidances, and Enforcement Actions  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The following links go to the FDA web site. ... The following links go to the Government Printing Office web site. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation/surveillance

418

75 FR 5169 - Insurance Cost Information Regulation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA 2008-0032] Insurance Cost Information Regulation AGENCY: National...CFR Part 582, Insurance Cost Information Regulation, to require all...On the Laws/Regulations page, the Comparison of Insurance Costs is...

2010-02-01

419

26 CFR 301.7805-1 - Rules and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION General Rules Application of Internal Revenue Laws § 301.7805-1 Rules and regulations. ...Department), including all rules and regulations as may be necessary by reason of any alteration of law in relation to...

2013-04-01

420

Human in vitro fertilization and the law.  

PubMed

Physicians who intend to perform in vitro fertilization--or the newer alternative, in vivo fertilization and embryo transfer--should be aware of the plethora of laws that potentially cover their work. In perhaps no other area of medicine are there so many separate statutes and regulations that potentially apply. State fetal research laws, abortion statutes, human subject protection laws, and specific in vitro fertilization statutes can determine whether and how the procedure can be undertaken. When donor gametes or a surrogate carrier is used, additional laws governing artificial insemination, paternity, or adoption may come into play to determine the child's legal status and its relationship to the parties involved. This article is designed to guide physicians through the legal maze. PMID:6540719

Quigley, M M; Andrews, L B

1984-09-01

421

Recueil des legislations linguistiques dans le monde. Tome V: l'Algerie, l'Autriche, la Chine, le Danemark, la Finlande, la Hongrie, l'ile de Malte, le Maroc, la Norvege, la Nouvelle-Zelande, les Pays-Bas, le Royaume-Uni, la Tunisie, la Turquie, l'ex-URSS (Record of World Language-Related Legislation. Volume V: Algeria, Austria, China, Denmark, Finland, Hungary, Malta, Morocco, Norway, New Zealand, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Tunisia, Turkey, the former USSR).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is one of a series of six listing language-related legislation around the world. It contains the texts, in French, of laws of Algeria, Austria, China, Denmark, Finland, Hungary, Malta, Morocco, Norway, New Zealand, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Tunisia, Turkey, and the former Soviet Union. The laws concern official languages,…

Leclerc, Jacques, Ed.; Maurais, Jacques, Ed.

422

The link between Islamic law and hydrocarbon agreements  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a number of hydrocarbon?rich nations partly or wholly basing their laws and regulations on Islam, the link between Islamic law and hydrocarbon resources has become evident. Islamic laws are based primarily on the Qur?an, the Sunna and Hadith. The Qur?an is considered to be the words of God revealed to us through the Prophet (peace be upon him). The

Arash Nazhad

2008-01-01

423

Public Policies, Laws, and Landscape Design in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laws are, in many cases, instruments of public policies and may strongly influence landscape design. Examples of such laws in Brazil are: the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC); and the Forest Code which regulates private land-use. Both laws are currently under public discussion, bringing to the table issues of science-based policy, and the attempt, by different sectors\\/groups, to influence

N. Bensusan; R. Lemos de Sá; A. Lima

424

Abortion in Turkey: a matter of state, family or individual decision.  

PubMed

This paper gives a historical, international and cultural outlook on the debate related to the 1982 legalization of abortion in the modern democratic republic of Turkey. A belief that the country is under-populated and subsequent pro-natalist concerns of the turn of the century seem to have strongly influenced the legal prohibition of abortion. The paper first discusses the widespread social practice and the permissive attitudes towards abortion in the late Ottoman Empire and in contemporary Turkey. The contrast between the above social situation and until recently the strict, non-permissive religious and secular attitudes are presented with a discussion of the effects of the westernization and secularization processes in the late Ottoman Empire. Moral concerns and judgements regarding abortion seem to have penetrated Ottoman society as part of the above processes beginning in the nineteenth century. The present day official religious interpretations seem to conform with the more conservative Islamic schools of thought rather than the more liberal Islamic interpretations. Furthermore, the 1982 laws which legalize abortion until the eight week of pregnancy consider family planning to be a family issue and bring the restriction of making married women have their husband's permission before preceding with abortion. As such, the present legal platform opens to question the rationales and population control motives behind the law and the importance of who it is that can make the decision to proceed with abortion. Thus, in the last 70 years a historical and ideological progression can be discerned in the line of assuming first the state and then the family to have decision making legitimacy as regards reproductive choices. Today, the platform of radical discussion has shifted to evaluating the importance of individual women in making this reproductive choice. In this context, in conclusion, the paper discussed the rationale and the logic behind and the implications for gender power structures of the existing legal situation in Turkey. PMID:8643979

Gürsoy, A

1996-02-01

425

SWOT Analysis of Fishery Sector in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing whole picture of a sector is important for accurate policy making. This study explores current constraints and future possibilities of the fishery sector in Turkey. Despite of its huge fishery potential, results of SWOT analysis show that Turkish Fisheries are generally limited to coastal fishing. Compared to European countries support given to the fishery sector is insufficient inhibited by

Hasan Akca; Murathan Kayim; Murat Sayili

2006-01-01

426

Soil liquefaction potential in Eskisehir, NW Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liquefaction is one of the critical problems in geotechnical engineering. High ground water levels and alluvial soils have a high potential risk for damage due to liquefaction, especially in seismically active regions. Eskisehir urban area, studied in this article, is situated within the second degree earthquake region on the seismic hazard zonation map of Turkey and is surrounded by Eskisehir,

H. Tosun; E. Seyrek; A. Orhan; H. Savas; M. Türköz

2011-01-01

427

Social Stratification and Consumption Patterns in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, by analyzing consumption practices of Turkish households, I attempted to identify whether there are distinctions between different social classes in Turkey. Stated another way, I assessed and explored the impact of socio-economic forces on consumption patterns, taste and lifestyle. In doing so, I tested empirically, two…

Aydin, Kemal

2006-01-01

428

Landslide inventory of northwestern Anatolia, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is heavily exposed to natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides and floods. The total loss caused by landslides in terms of affected buildings, in a period of 35 years between 1959 and 1994, constitutes 27% of the entire loss from all natural hazards and is second after earthquakes. There are no other available data on either direct or indirect

Tamer Y. Duman; Tolga Çan; Ömer Emre; Mustafa Keçer; Ahmet Do?an; ?erafettin Ate?; Serap Durmaz

2005-01-01

429

Landmine associated injuries in children in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to examine trends of injuries due to landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) and to determine problems during and after the treatment of children and adolescent victims in Turkey. Data from the records of 23 children injured from landmines and UXO were analyzed from April 2001 to October 2008. Cases consist of 21 (91.3%) males and two (8.7%)

Muhammet Can; Humeyra Yildirimcan; Onder Ozkalipci; Mehmet Melek; Yesim Edirne; Umit Bicer; Huseyin Bulent Uner

2009-01-01

430

Infant feeding practices in Central Anatolia, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant feeding decisions are some of the most important choices parents make. Breast milk or formula is the first decision made in infant feeding. Complementary feeding is common among very young children in Turkey. Therefore, the aim of this research is to focus on the introduction of solid foods, and to determine the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and breastfeeding practices

Nevin Sanlier; Nurhan Unusan

2009-01-01

431

Factors Influencing Teaching Choice in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Why choose to become a teacher in Turkey? The authors examined motivations and perceptions among preservice teachers (N = 1577) encompassing early childhood, primary and secondary education. The Factors Influencing Teaching Choice (FIT-Choice) instrument was translated into Turkish and its construct validity and reliability assessed. Altruistic…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Watt, Helen M. G.; Richardson, Paul W.

2012-01-01

432

Globalization and English Language Policy in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that globalization has made a considerable impact on multidimensional aspects of human life including the language policies of many countries. This article examines the adjustment of Turkey's language policy in response to the global influence of English at different levels of Turkish national education, including its…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2009-01-01

433

Biomass Gasification for Power Generation in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, different biomass gasification applications and strategies that affect the gasifier which makes electricity in Turkey were investigated. Gasification technologies provide the opportunity to convert renewable biomass materials into clean fuel gases or synthesis gases. These gaseous products can be burned to generate heat or electricity, or they can potentially be used in the synthesis of liquid transportation

Ayhan Demirbas

2006-01-01

434

Re-examination of Turkey red.  

PubMed

Cotton yarn was dyed in Turkey red using madder through a special method. Amount of the dyestuffs bound to mordanted cotton fibre and the oiling numbers of the cotton yarn was investigated by using TLC (thin layer chromatography) and spectrophotometry. Sn(II) in the bright red cotton yarn was analysed by X-ray diffraction method. PMID:17867541

Karadag, Recep; Dolen, Emre

2007-07-01

435

Factors Influencing Teaching Choice in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why choose to become a teacher in Turkey? The authors examined motivations and perceptions among preservice teachers (N?=?1577) encompassing early childhood, primary and secondary education. The Factors Influencing Teaching Choice (FIT-Choice) instrument was translated into Turkish and its construct validity and reliability assessed. Altruistic ‘social utility values’ were the most influential, followed by the desire for a secure job. Intrinsic

Ahmet K?l?nç; Helen M. G. Watt; Paul W. Richardson

2012-01-01

436

The nature of PKK terrorism in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is undertaken to evaluate the profile of the PKK (Kurdish Workers Party) and Kurdish political behavior separately in an attempt to distinguish the Kurdish issue from terrorism. PKK's profile has changed between 1978, when it was founded and now, depending on Turkey's internal politics as well as the changing international environment. Basically, it started out as a Marxist?Leninist

Nur Bilge Criss

1995-01-01

437

Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

Kilic, Abdurrahman

2006-01-01

438

Developments in Concrete Dam Construction in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Economic exploitation of Turkey's water resources requires construction of about 600 dams. One-fifth of them are in operation, one-tenth under construction, one-eighth are at the stage of final design and more than half of them are only at the planning st...

U. Oezis M. Alsan

1990-01-01

439

Fundamentalist Bedfellows: Political Creationism in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines Islamic creationism and anti-evolutionism in Turkey, provides information about political and cultural changes starting from the 1920s, and discusses Islamic movements at this time. Presents examples of politicians' approaches to this issue and points out the effects of Christian creationism and the Institute for Creation Research (ICR) on…

Shapiro, Arthur M.

1999-01-01

440

The Crisis of Civil Society in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the state of civil society in Turkey in order to determine whether the Turkish government is involved in repressing the rights and freedoms of indiv idual Turkish citizens. The paper is divided into six parts that include an introduction and conclusion. Part two discusses the various meanings of \\

M. Lutfullah Karaman; Bülent Aras

2000-01-01

441

Turkey Hatchery (Released March 16, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on March 1, 2009, in the United States totaled 28.2 million, down 12 percent from March 1, 2008. Eggs in incubators were down 1 percent from the February 1, 2009 total of 28.5 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year...

2009-01-01

442

Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the opinions of general education teachers working in public elementary schools in Turkey regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities into their classrooms and their willingness also to include students with more severe learning disabilities. One hundred and ninety?four general education teachers completed the survey package. The analysis of data showed that the sample possessed slightly negative

Salih Rakap; Louise Kaczmarek

2010-01-01

443

Vaginal douching practices and beliefs in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to identify women's motivations for vaginal douching, vaginal douching practices, and women's reactions to situations that discourage vaginal douching. Research took place in the outskirts of Antalya, a city located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. A total of 776 women participated in the study. Age, religious affiliation, place of residence, and poverty were

Kamile Kukulu

2006-01-01

444

Infant Feeding Practices in Central Anatolia, Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Infant feeding decisions are some of the most important choices parents make. Breast milk or formula is the first decision made in infant feeding. Complementary feeding is common among very young children in Turkey. Therefore, the aim of this research is to focus on the introduction of solid foods, and to determine the relationship between…

Sanlier, Nevin; Unusan, Nurhan

2009-01-01

445

Risk and Career Choice: Evidence from Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we examine the college major choice decision in a risk and return framework using university entrance exam data from Turkey. Specifically we focus on the choice between majors with low income risk such as education and health and others with riskier income streams. We use a unique dataset that allows us to control for the choice…

Caner, Asena; Okten, Cagla

2010-01-01

446

Cultural Studies in Turkey: Education and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

It would be difficult to pinpoint when the instruction of cultural studies began in Turkey, as humanities and social science scholars with ties to academic circles in various parts of the world where cultural studies has been practised reflected the methodology in the various courses they taught as soon as they themselves became acquainted with it. The Crossroads in Cultural

Gonul Pultar; Ayse Lahur K?rtunc

2004-01-01

447

Newton's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Sir Isaac Newton's Second Law of Motion. Topics include the two ways to study the dynamics of a system in which there is motion, a brief description of Newton's work in studying and measuring the motion of objects, and a summary of his three laws of motion. The lesson includes an activity in which students test Newton's Second Law by measuring the acceleration of a cart which is being pulled by increasingly larger masses.

Pratte, John

448

Electrodynamic force law controversy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cavalleri et al. [Phys. Rev. E 52, 2505 (1998); Eur. J. Phys. 17, 205 (1996)] have attempted to resolve the electrodynamic force law controversy. This attempt to prove the validity of either the Ampère or Lorentz force law by theory and experiment has revealed only that the two are equivalent when predicting the force on part of a circuit due to the current in the complete circuit. However, in our analysis of internal stresses, only Ampère's force law agrees with experiment.

Graneau, Peter; Graneau, Neal

2001-05-01

449

Towards corporate liability in international criminal law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Please note that the electronic publication of this dissertation through Igitur is subject to a 2-year embargo period! Seeking to address the problem of corporate involvement in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, this study explores the desirability and feasibility of subjecting multinational corporations (MNCs) to regulation through international criminal law. It traces the evolution of the ‘collective criminality’

D. E. Stoitchkova

2010-01-01

450

The fair lending laws and their enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

ournalists, businessmen, politicians, and regulators are paying increasing attention to the subject of discrimination in lending, with particular em- phasis on mortgage lending. It sometimes seems as though the main issues in antidiscrimination efforts have shifted from education and labor markets to the credit markets. Two different federal laws deal with discrimination in lending: the Fair Housing Act (FHAct) and

John R. Walter

1995-01-01

451

Federal Law Is Questioned by Governors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many of the nation's governors gathered in Washington, DC for their winter conference called for changes to the No Child Left Behind Act or its regulations, even as the Bush administration continued to defend its level of cooperation with states under the law. Fifty state and territorial governors attended the National Governors Association (NGA)…

Richard, Alan; Robelen, Erik W.

2004-01-01

452

Occupational safety and health law handbook  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.

Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman

1999-09-01

453

Law and privacy on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the legal parameters that regulate Internet communications in the United States and includes the following arguments: Senate hearings on privacy, censorship and government control of Internet communications, the current debate regarding the exportation of encryption software and the laws that govern encryption as part of a national security measure, the United States constitution as it applies to

J. E. Weaver

1996-01-01

454

Federal Laws: Nondiscrimination and Faculty Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal laws and regulations designed to assure equal employment opportunities have only recently been applied to faculty employment, but they have rapidly become an important issue in higher education. The goal of true equal employment opportunity has been pursued in court cases and legislation for many years, principally in the industrial…

Shulman, Carol Herrnstadt

455

The Laws of War and Moral Judgment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The laws of war constitute an institution about which it is difficult to have other than mixed feelings. On the one hand, it seems clear that practices as ugly as those involved in warfare should be regulated, if only to secure society as far as possible ...

T. Nardin

1974-01-01

456

Students, Christian Colleges, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tracing the impact of specific federal laws and regulations on such private college concerns as residence hall housing requirements, student privacy rights, race and sex discrimination, the demise of "in loco parentis," student discipline and "due process," and compulsory chapel, the author suggests appropriate responses of religious colleges to…

Habecker, Eugene B.

1975-01-01

457

What Conversation? Free Speech and Defamation Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common rationales for free speech are offered in legal writing across many countries, even though their laws regulating speech differ markedly. This article suggests another way of thinking about speech, based on particular qualities of speech which help to explain why public speech – or at least public speech perceived as valuable for cultural, political or other purposes – is

Andrew T. Kenyon

2010-01-01

458

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Resources | Policies & Laws Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

459

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

460

9 CFR 146.43 - Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants. 146...COMMERCIAL POULTRY Special Provisions for Meat-Type Turkey Slaughter Plants § 146.43 Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants....

2013-01-01

461

Turkey's Membership in the European Union: Analyzing Potential Benefits and Drawbacks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey's application for associate membership in the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate stat...

A. Pehlivan

2008-01-01

462

76 FR 48802 - Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey; Notice of Amended Final Results of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey; Notice of Amended Final Results of Antidumping...concrete reinforcing bars (rebar) from Turkey. See Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey; Final Results of Antidumping Duty...

2011-08-09

463

78 FR 56865 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From India and Turkey: Postponement of Preliminary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Oil Country Tubular Goods From India and Turkey: Postponement of Preliminary Determination...Shane Subler at (202) 482-0189 (Turkey), AD/CVD Operations, Import Administration...oil country tubular goods from India and Turkey.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary...

2013-09-16

464

75 FR 44766 - Certain Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe from Turkey: Final Results of Countervailing Duty...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe from Turkey: Final Results of Countervailing Duty...welded carbon steel standard pipe from Turkey for the January 1, 2008, through December...Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe From Turkey: Preliminary Results of...

2010-07-29

465

78 FR 21107 - Circular Welded Carbon Steel Pipes and Tubes from Turkey: Preliminary Results of Countervailing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Circular Welded Carbon Steel Pipes and Tubes from Turkey: Preliminary Results of Countervailing Duty Administrative...circular welded carbon steel pipes and tubes from Turkey (pipes and tubes from Turkey) for the period of review (POR) of January...

2013-04-09

466

A Test of Star Formation Laws in Disk Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We use observations of the radial profiles of the mass surface density of total, ? g , and molecular, ?H2, gas rotation velocity and star formation rate surface density, ?sfr, of the molecular dominated regions of 12 disk galaxies from Leroy et al. to test several star formation laws: a "Kennicutt-Schmidt power law," ?sfr = Ag ?1.5 g,2; a "constant molecular law," ?sfr = A H2?H2,2 the "turbulence-regulated laws" of Krumholz & McKee (KM) and Krumholz, McKee, & Tumlinson (KMT), a "gas-? law," ?sfr = B ?? g ? and a shear-driven "giant molecular cloud (GMC) collisions law," ?sfr = B CC? g ?(1 - 0.7?), where ? ? d ln v circ/d ln r. We find the constant molecular law, KMT turbulence law, and GMC collision law are the most accurate, with an rms error of a factor of 1.5 if the normalization constants are allowed to vary between galaxies. Of these three laws, the GMC collision law does not require a change in physics to account for the full range of star formation activity seen from normal galaxies to circumnuclear starbursts. A single global GMC collision law with B CC = 8.0 × 10-3, i.e., a gas consumption time of 20 orbital times for ? = 0, yields an rms error of a factor of 1.8.

Tan, Jonathan C.

2010-02-01

467

Toward a phenology network in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All climate projections indicate that drastic changes are to occur in the Mediterranean Basin and Southwestern Asia. Detailed studies also foresee strong patterns of change in seasonality for most climate fields all across the country, threatening Turkey's rich biodiversity and diverse ecosystems already in trouble due to massive land use changes and careless resource extraction projects. It is therefore obvious that climate impact studies can benefit from detailed and continuous monitoring of relationships between climate and natural systems. Recently started efforts to build a phenology network for Turkey will hopefully constitute a component of a more comprehensive ecological observation infrastructure. The Phenology Network of Turkey Project saw its debut as a joint initiative of an academic institution (Istanbul Technical University) and a research NGO (Nature Conservation Center). It has been decided from the very beginning to rely a much as possible on Internet technologies (provided by the National High Performance Computing Center of Turkey). The effort is also inspired by and collaborates with already established networks in general and USA National Phenology Network in particular. Many protocols, instructional materials and Nature's Notebook application has been barrowed from the USA NPN. The project has been designed from the start as a two-faceted effort: an infrastructure to accumulate/provide useful data to climate/ecosystem research communities and a 'citizen science' project to raise nature and climate change awareness among all components of the society in Turkey in general and secondary education teachers and students in particular. It has been opted to start by gathering plant phenological data. A set with 20 plant species has been designed to serve as a countrywide 'calibration set'. It is also anticipated to salvage and extend as much of possible historical animal (especially bird and butterfly) observations.

Dalfes, H. N.; Ülgen, H.; Zeydanli, U.; Durak, A. T.

2012-04-01

468

Decreasing trend of groundwater in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In these days the increasing demand for water has created problems for availability of its resources. Some recent issues like population growth, global warming and inefficient methods of water consumption, generated the need to find sources of water other than surface water such as ground water. Excess using of groundwater in most parts of the world causes depletion of ground water in those areas. Scientists are trying to find efficient means to quantify these trends. GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) including two satellites launched in March 2002, is making measurements of the Earth's gravity field which is used to display the change of storage of the water on the Earth. GRACE makes it possible to find the trend of the change of storage all over the world.It can show specific areas in the world that have dramatic decreasing trend of water storage. One of these regions that have been considered in this study is Turkey in western Asia, as one of the countries deeply affected by global warming. Turkey is identified as one of the first places where desertification will start in Europe, according to estimates by the UN Environment Program (UNEP). Turkey has 25 underground water tables and they had a decrease in level of 27 meters in the past 25 years (Turkey water report 2009). In this paper the change of the ground water is evaluated by applying the GRACE storage anomalies and the mass conservation equation that concludes the reduction trend in groundwater. The results clarify that decreasing trend of groundwater is more noticeable during recent years, particularly since 2006. Our results show that in recent years the average decrease in ground water level is 2.5 cm per year and the maximum decrease occurred in May 2007 with the value of about 7.9 cm. KEY WORDS: water resources; Ground water; Turkey; GRACE

Sarachi, S.; Moghim, S.; Famiglietti, J. S.

2010-12-01

469

Optimal Law Enforcement with Self-Reporting of Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-reporting -- the reporting by parties of their own behavior to an enforcement authority -- is a commonly observed aspect of law enforcement, as in the context of environmental and safety regulation. We add self-reporting to the model of the control of harmful externalities through probabilistic law enforcement. Optimal self-reporting schemes are characterized and are shown to offer two advantages

Louis Kaplow; Steven Shavell

1994-01-01

470

50 CFR 600.705 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Relation to other laws. 600...Fisheries § 600.705 Relation to other laws. ...and title 43âPublic Lands (in regard to...which implements the International Convention for...regulations of the International Pacific Halibut...

2011-10-01

471

50 CFR 600.705 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Relation to other laws. 600...Fisheries § 600.705 Relation to other laws. ...and title 43âPublic Lands (in regard to...which implements the International Convention for...regulations of the International Pacific Halibut...

2012-10-01

472

1980 Cumulative Supplement, "Higher Education and the Law".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1980 cumulative supplement to the basic text, "Higher Education and the Law," is presented. Contents include: edited reports of five United States Supreme Court cases, important lower court cases, regulations and reports; and citations to numerous law review articles, additional cases, and other secondary sources. The following broad topics are…

Edwards, Harry T.; Nordin, Virginia Davis

473

1980 Cumulative Supplement, "Higher Education and the Law".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1980 cumulative supplement to the basic text, "Higher Education and the Law," is presented. Contents include: edited reports of five United States Supreme Court cases, important lower court cases, regulations and reports; and citations to numerous law review articles, additional cases, and other secondary sources. The following broad topics are…

Edwards, Harry T.; Nordin, Virginia Davis

474

European Corporate Laws, Regulatory Competition and Path Dependence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beyond the well-known discussion in regard to the Cassis de Dijon of the European Court of Justice, implying the mutual recognition of national product regulations, the topic of mutual recognition and regulatory competition has emerged again in the realm of European corporate laws (“Centros” of the ECJ in 1999). Can effective competition among European corporate laws be expected? In the

Klaus Heine; Wolfgang Kerber

2002-01-01

475

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

476

Effective Methods and Materials for Teaching Law to Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools today function in an environment of complicated rules and regulations. Training preservice teachers in educational law is not only necessary; it is important work. Professors and administrators were surveyed on the methods, materials, and strategies that they employed to teach education law to preservice teachers. The predominant teaching…

Bruner, Darlene Y.; Bartlett, Marilyn J.

2008-01-01

477

The Law's Understanding of Intellectual Disability as a Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intellectual disability (ID) is differently yet validly described by different professions. Legal professionals find it most useful to consider ID as a disability rather than a disorder. Because the law regulates the actions of individuals in a society and the actions of society on an individual, the law's concern in dealing with a person with ID…

Ellis, James W.

2013-01-01

478

The role of residuals disposal laws in treatment plant design  

SciTech Connect

A complex network of federal, state, and local laws governs the management, transport, disposal, and recycling of the wastes generated by water treatment plants. Those laws influence the siting, selection, and design of treatment systems. Water utility managers must systematically evaluate all regulations so they can make rational and cost-effective decisions regarding renovation of existing facilities or addition of new facilities.

Koorse, S.J. (Hunton and Williams, Richmond, VA (United States))

1993-10-01

479

Global Health Law: Health in a Global Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The examination of public health law traditionally focuses on constitutions, statutes, regulations, and common law at the national and sub-national level. However, the determinants of health (e.g., pathogens, air, food, water, even lifestyle choices) do not originate solely within national borders. Health threats inexorably spread to neighboring countries, regions, and even continents. Peoples’ lives are profoundly affected by commerce, politics,

Lawrence O. Gostin

2008-01-01

480

Federal Workplace Laws: Are Business Work Experience Programs in Compliance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews federal laws (Fair Labor Standard Act's child labor regulations, Occupational Safety and Health Act, Immigration Reform and Control Act) for their implications for cooperative education and school-to-work programs. (SK)

Rader, Martha H.; Kurth, Linda A.

1999-01-01

481

50 CFR 260.90 - Compliance with other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification of Establishments and Fishery Products for Human Consumption Miscellaneous § 260.90 Compliance with other laws. None of the requirements in the regulations in this part...

2011-10-01

482

50 CFR 300.33 - Compliance with applicable national laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 300.33 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS South Pacific Tuna Fisheries § 300.33 Compliance with applicable national laws. The operator of the vessel shall comply...

2012-10-01

483

50 CFR 300.33 - Compliance with applicable national laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 300.33 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS South Pacific Tuna Fisheries § 300.33 Compliance with applicable national laws. The operator of the vessel shall comply...

2011-10-01

484

26 CFR 509.102 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.102 Applicable provisions of law. (a) General. The Internal Revenue Code of...

2013-04-01

485

50 CFR 600.1201 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Shark Finning § 600.1201 Relation to other laws...section. (b) Regulations pertaining to shark conservation and management for certain shark fisheries are also set forth in this...

2010-10-01

486

50 CFR 600.1201 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Shark Finning § 600.1201 Relation to other laws...section. (b) Regulations pertaining to shark conservation and management for certain shark fisheries are also set forth in this...

2009-10-01

487

50 CFR 20.72 - Violation of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...person shall at any time, by any means or in any manner, take, possess, transport, or export any migratory bird, or any part, nest, or egg of any such bird, in violation of any applicable law or regulation of any...

2011-10-01

488

Federal Workplace Laws: Are Business Work Experience Programs in Compliance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews federal laws (Fair Labor Standard Act's child labor regulations, Occupational Safety and Health Act, Immigration Reform and Control Act) for their implications for cooperative education and school-to-work programs. (SK)|

Rader, Martha H.; Kurth, Linda A.

1999-01-01

489

Postsecondary Athletics and the Law: A Selected Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Categories of this annotated list are: General Materials, Books; General Materials, Articles; Organizations; Sex Discrimination and Title IX; The NCAA and the Regulation of Collegiate Sports; Broadcasting; Transnational Sports; Sports Violence; Sports, Law, and Medicine; and Miscellaneous. (AF)|

Edmonds, Edmund P.

1977-01-01

490

Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This user-friendly book - noted for its comprehensive legal process approach to the depth and complexity of modern environmental law - gives students a solid doctrinal footing in the law and helps build their analytical skills. Environmental Law and Policy: Nature, Law, and Society, Fourth Edition, uses the legal process approach, building on a base of common law and constitutional

Zygmunt J. B. Plater; Robert H Abrams; Robert L Graham; Lisa Heinzerling; David A Wirth; Noah D Hall

2010-01-01

491

International law and law enforcement firearms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several international agreements set constraints on the legitimate use of firearms as representing lethal force. Their meaning in terms of weapons technology must take into account their operational frame of reference, and legitimate warfare can be regarded as a law enforcement operation with similar principles on the use of force. Changes in weapons technology, such as new types of ammunition,

Jorma Jussila; Pertti Normia

2004-01-01

492

Science and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explaines the role of the Carnegie Commission which was formed to explore the relationship between the disciplines of science, technology, and the law. Discusses concerns about the individual right of privacy in projects such as the Human Genome Project. Focuses on the panel on Science, Technology, and Law which was established in 1999. (YDS)|

Kennedy, Donald; Merrill, Richard A.

2000-01-01

493

Law-Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its beginnings in the 1960s, precollegiate law-related education has proliferated. This author looks at suggested causes for this movement and at some of the results supporters of law-related education hope to accomplish. He examines program commonalities and problems and speculates on the future. (Author/SJL)

Magnon, Tony

1981-01-01

494

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

495

The ecology of law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This theoretical paper is a plea for grafting yet another branch onto the flourishing tree of what may be called the social sciences of law: an ecology of law. In a nutshell, ecology deals with the evolution of (populations of) physical and social entities, well-known examples being animals and organizations. In the current paper, the argument is that the application

Arjen van Witteloostuijn

2003-01-01

496

Civil Law: 12 Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These learning activities on civil law are intended to supplement the secondary level Scholastic materials "Living Law." Case studies, simulations, and role-play activities are included. Information provided for each activity includes a brief overview, background information, teacher instructions and a description of each activity. Activities…

Dresbach, Debra

497

Images and Benford's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benford's law had been proposed in the past as a way to modelize the probability distribution of the first digit in a set of natural numbers. We show in this paper that the magnitude of the gradient of an image obeys this law. We show, experimentally, that this also applies for the laplacian pyramid code. This yields to the field

Jean-michel Jolion

2001-01-01

498

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

499

Ohm's Law 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this extension to the Ohm's Law I activity, students observe just how much time it takes to use up the "juice" in a battery, and if it is better to use batteries in series or parallel. This extension is suitable as a teacher demonstration and may be started before students begin work on the Ohm's Law I activity.

K-12 Outreach Office,

500

School Law Update, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 separate chapters comprising this volume. The titles and authors of the chapters are as follows: (1) Due Process of Law: Loudermill v. Cleveland Board of Education (Hooker); (2) Schools, Technology and the Law (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.