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1

Assessment of small hydropower (SHP) development in Turkey: Laws, regulations and EU policy perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to evaluate the development of small hydropower (SHP) in Turkey and discusses the current situation of SHP plants in terms of government policy, economical aspects and environmental impacts taking EU policy into account. The laws published in recent years in Turkey succeeded in promoting the utilization of renewable energy for electricity generation, but it is considered that

Serhat Kucukali; Kemal Baris

2009-01-01

2

Law and regulation of benzene.  

PubMed Central

OSHA has created final benzene regulations after extensive rulemakings on two occasions, 1978 and 1987. These standards have been the subject of extensive litigation for nearly 20 years. This article examines in detail the conceptual underpinnings of the Benzene Case, (which was decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1980) in light of U.S. administrative law precedents that have set limits upon administrative discretion under the test for "substantial evidence" and the "hard look doctrine." This article also addresses recent developments in the wake of the Benzene Case and their implications for benzene regulations following the "significant risk" doctrine in that case. This article briefly describes other national, regional, and international laws governing the use of benzene. This article concludes that the revisions of the benzene regulation and subsequent rulemaking provide substantial evidence of scientific underpinnings for regulatory action and that laws from other nations reflect an international consensus that occupational exposure to benzene is a proper subject of regulation. Such regulations and policies are therefore likely to withstand scrutiny and remain enforceable as widely accepted norms.

Feitshans, I L

1989-01-01

3

Regulation of waste and waste management in Turkey.  

PubMed

Industrial and technological developments have increased rapidly throughout the world including Turkey. Furthermore, the population of Turkey is also increasing and the ever-increasing consumption creates larger amounts of waste materials and adversely affects the environment and human health. The development of a waste management and disposal system has become necessary in all countries of the world. As part of the process of seeking entry to the European Union, Turkey continues to prepare the necessary legislation to satisfy European Union regulations for the disposal of solid waste, packaging waste, biodegradable waste and medical waste materials within the framework of the strategy. An integrated waste management system is necessary for each town in Turkey that is suitable for the different contents and increasing amounts of waste produced. In the present study, Turkey's geographical regions were examined in terms of population and the total amount of solid waste generated in each province to produce detailed data for the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Forestry. As a result of this study, it is understood that Turkey has drawn up a 'road map' which will be followed by the 2008-2012 Waste Management Action Plan. To achieve this, the Ministry of the Environment and Forestry, Turkey and the municipalities must fulfill the tasks that have been allocated to them. Turkey will attain the European Union standards for waste management if these tasks lead to the achievement of the targets within the action plan. PMID:20686052

Gören, Sami; Ozdemir, Feyza

2011-04-01

4

Private regulation in European private law  

Microsoft Academic Search

European private regulation pre-existed European Community law and co-exists with it today, giving rise to different forms of complementarity with European legislation. While in the initial stage of jus commune, a stronger role for co-regulation characterized private law, the formation of national legal systems, and in particular the era of codifications, changed the complementarity between public and private law-making. Codifications

Fabrizio Cafaggi

2009-01-01

5

SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT, GUIDE, LAW AND REGULATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT CONSISTS OF THREE PARTS--(1) GUIDE, (2) LAWS, AND (3) REGULATIONS FOR PROVIDING A HEALTHFUL SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT IN MONTANA. INFORMATION INCLUDED WILL ASSIST IN THE PROPER DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF NEW AND REMODELED SCHOOL BUILDINGS AND IN THE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF A HEALTHFUL ENVIRONMENT FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN AND PERSONNEL. PART…

Montana State Board of Health, Helena.

6

Southern states radiological emergency response laws and regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The radiological emergency response laws and regulations of the Southern States Energy Compact member states are in some cases disparate. Several states have very specific laws on radiological emergency response while in others, the statutory law mentions...

1989-01-01

7

Turkey.  

PubMed

Focus in this discussion of Turkey is on the following: geography; the people; history; government and political conditions; the economy; defense; and relations between the US and Turkey. In 1986, Turkey's population was estimated to be 51.8 million with an annual growth rate of 2.5%. The infant mortality rate is 12.3/1000 with a life expectancy of 62.7 years. Turkey is located partly in Europe and partly in Asia. Since 1950, urban areas have experienced tremendous growth, and squatter dwellings are evident around the cities' edges. About half of Turkey's population live in urban areas. Turkish culture is made up of both the modern and traditional, Ottoman and folkloric, elements. The Republic of Turkey was founded by Mustafa Kemal, subsequently named Ataturk, in 1982 after the collapse of the 600-year-old Ottoman empire. The new republic focused on modernizing and Westernizing the empire's Turkish core -- Anatolia and a small part of Thrace. The 1982 constitution preserves a democratic, secular, parliamentary form of government with a strengthened presidence. It provides for an independent judiciary along with the safeguarding of internationally recognized human rights. The legislative functions are carried out by the unicameral, 450-member GNA. The economy is developing structurally, yet the agricultural sector remains significant and produces cotton, tobacco, grains, fruits, and vegetables. Over half of the labor force are farmers, contributing over 1/5 of the gross domestic product. A significant portion of industry also is involved in processing agricultural products. The period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s was the longest sustained period of economic growth and development in modern Turkish history, with annual growth rates of nearly 7%. Oil price increases after 1973 and the concomitant European recession slowed Turkish growth and also revealed major structural deficiencies. The economic crisis worsened in 1979 as oil prices doubled again. The Demirel government adopted a strong economic reform program in January 1980. As a result of various government economic policies, economic activity increased. The US and Turkey signed a Defense and Economic Cooperation Agreement in March 1980 that provided a new framework for US military activities in Turkey and committed the US to a "best effort" in providing defense support to the Turkish Armed Forces. PMID:12177973

1988-03-01

8

Regulations and Competition in Credit Card Market in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish credit card market experienced a strong growth with the establishment of stability in the economy and the decline in the inflation rate after 2001 crisis. Turkey became the 3rd biggest market in Europe with 32 million credit cards in 2006. However, the quick response of the credit card interest rates to the increase in the cost of funds during

Gazi I. Kara; Ahmet Faruk Aysan; Levent Yildiran; Ahmet Nusret Müslim; Umut Dur

9

Social health insurance without corporate actors: changes in self-regulation in Germany, Poland and Turkey.  

PubMed

Social health insurance in Western Europe has for many years been characterized by self-regulation in which specific conditions of healthcare financing and provision have been regulated by social-insurance institutions through mutual self-governance. However, the principle of self-regulation has recently been weakened by increased state regulation and market competition, which were introduced in response to economic and social changes. Even in Germany, which has been regarded as an "ideal-type" health insurance system and in which self-regulation remains at the core of healthcare governance, more direct state intervention has gained in importance. On the other hand, in countries such as Poland and Turkey, where this tradition of self-regulation is missing, social health insurance is deemed a financing instrument but not an instrument of governance and corporate actors are not accorded a significant role in regulation. This article investigates how social health insurance systems are regulated in contexts in which corporate actors' role is either diminishing or absent by focusing on three crucial areas of regulation: financing, the remuneration of medical doctors, and the definition of the healthcare benefit package. In Germany, state regulation has increased in healthcare financing and remuneration while the role of corporate actors has grown in the definition of the benefits package. In Poland and Turkey, on the other hand, reforms have maintained the status quo in terms of the strong regulatory, budgetary, and managerial powers of the state and very limited involvement of corporate actors. PMID:23608097

Wendt, Claus; Agartan, Tuba I; Kaminska, Monika Ewa

2013-06-01

10

(Compendium of State Laws and Regulations for Youth Camps).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State laws and regulations applicable to youth camp operations provided by state agencies are organized in this Compendium under ten major headings; personnel; program safety; personal health, first aid, and medical services; site and facilities; sanitation; food service; transportation; primitive camping and out-of-camp trips; day camping; and…

Brookhiser, Judy, Comp.; van der Smissen, Betty, Comp.

11

25 CFR 248.4 - Applicability of laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...4 Section 248.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE USE OF COLUMBIA RIVER INDIAN IN-LIEU FISHING SITES § 248.4 Applicability of laws and regulations. No Indian shall use any of...

2011-04-01

12

76 FR 78874 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation...Acquisition Regulation Supplement to conform statutory titles to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2011-12-20

13

50 CFR 84.50 - How does a State certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies... NATIONAL COASTAL WETLANDS CONSERVATION GRANT PROGRAM Conditions on...certify compliance with Federal laws, regulations, and policies...with all applicable Federal laws, regulations, and...

2013-10-01

14

Gaps, Conflicts, Overlaps, and Inconsistencies in Tennessee's Environmental Laws and Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tennessee's environmental protection laws and regulations were studied and discussed with representatives of three major interest groups - the regulators (primarily in the Department of Health and Environment), the regulated community, and conservation gr...

E. L. Thackston G. A. Davis

1985-01-01

15

50 CFR 622.3 - Relation to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Relation to other laws and regulations. 622.3...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL...622.3 Relation to other laws and regulations. (a) The relation of this part to other laws is set forth in §...

2013-10-01

16

77 FR 35879 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further...Supplement (DFARS) to conform statutory titles throughout the DFARS to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2012-06-15

17

Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations.  

PubMed

The commercial drivers of the obesity epidemic are so influential that obesity can be considered a robust sign of commercial success - consumers are buying more food, more cars and more energy-saving machines. It is unlikely that these powerful economic forces will change sufficiently in response to consumer desires to eat less and move more or corporate desires to be more socially responsible. When the free market creates substantial population detriments and health inequalities, government policies are needed to change the ground rules in favour of population benefits.Concerted action is needed from governments in four broad areas: provide leadership to set the agenda and show the way; advocate for a multi-sector response and establish the mechanisms for all sectors to engage and enhance action; develop and implement policies (including laws and regulations) to create healthier food and activity environments, and; secure increased and continued funding to reduce obesogenic environments and promote healthy eating and physical activity.Policies, laws and regulations are often needed to drive the environmental and social changes that, eventually, will have a sustainable impact on reducing obesity. An 'obesity impact assessment' on legislation such as public liability, urban planning, transport, food safety, agriculture, and trade may identify 'rules' which contribute to obesogenic environments. In other areas, such as marketing to children, school food, and taxes/levies, there may be opportunities for regulations to actively support obesity prevention. Legislation in other areas such as to reduce climate change may also contribute to obesity prevention ('stealth interventions'). A political willingness to use policy instruments to drive change will probably be an early hallmark of successful obesity prevention. PMID:18534000

Swinburn, Boyd A

2008-01-01

18

Suggestions for Revising Iranian Library Laws and Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present Iranian library laws are incomplete, obsolete, and ineffective. Certain aspects of the Iranian school and public library standards described are based on the assumption that the laws will be improved in accordance with these suggestions. In a general way, this document attempts to build on the present laws and supplement them as well…

Harvey, John F.

19

42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed... TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Construction Other § 137.377 Do...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements...

2012-10-01

20

42 CFR 137.377 - Do Federal procurement laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements performed... TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNANCE Construction Other § 137.377 Do...laws and regulations apply to construction project agreements...

2013-10-01

21

49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs...How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the...

2009-10-01

22

49 CFR 350.337 - How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the FMCSRs...How may State laws and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs in interstate commerce differ from the...

2010-10-01

23

42 CFR 485.608 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...regulations. The CAH is in compliance with applicable Federal laws...related to the health and safety of patients. (b) Standard: Compliance with State and local laws and regulations. All patient care services are furnished...

2013-10-01

24

Criterion for the Design of the Building Envelope Related to Ecological Sensitivity in Tourism Buildings in the Mediterranean Region, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the Tourism Encouragement Law issued in 1982, the tourism sector in Turkey continues to grow rapidly. Today, in Mediterranean Region, throughout the building and operation processes of the facilities with a capacity of nearly 130 thousand, law regulations of the usage of the climate-related and topographical sensitivities and energies cannot be established. Now, starting with the heating, cooling, ventilation

Ersin Acar; Deniz Erinsel Önder

25

Differential expression of calcium-regulating genes in heat-stressed turkey breast muscle is associated with meat quality.  

PubMed

Aberrant postmortem Ca(2+)-regulation in the early postmortem period is associated with the occurrence of inferior meat quality in turkeys, described as pale, soft, and exudative (PSE). The objective of the current study was to quantify expression of 4 candidate genes responsible for maintaining Ca(2+) homeostasis in turkey skeletal muscle as a function of heat stress: ? and ? ryanodine receptors (RYR; Ca(2+)-release channels), the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase 1 (SERCA1), and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca(2+)-storage protein calsequestrin (CASQ1). Two genetic lines of turkeys were used: a growth-selected commercial line and a randombred control line. Market-age birds were subjected to one of 5 heat stress treatments: no heat, 1 d, 3 d, 5 d, or 7 d of heat followed by 7 d of ambient temperature. Breast muscle samples were harvested and classified as normal or PSE using the meat quality parameters percentage of marinade uptake and percentage of cook loss. These parameters differed significantly by line, heat stress treatment, and meat quality status. Expression of candidate genes was measured using TaqMan quantitative PCR. Heat treatment was associated with significantly enhanced expression of ?RYR, ?RYR, and CASQ1 in normal muscle from both lines. Conversely, mRNA abundance of these genes was reduced in PSE muscle from both lines and recovered or increased by 7 d + 7 d of rest. Genetic line differences were observed at several time points. Expression of SERCA1 in both normal and PSE samples from both lines was unchanged or trended downward with heat stress. Taken together, genetic line and heat-stress treatment affected the expression of important Ca(2+)-regulating genes in association with meat quality status. The data suggest that birds whose meat leads to PSE may fail to respond to heat stress appropriately due to a delay in the upregulation of the important calcium-regulating genes: ?RYR, ?RYR, and CASQ1. PMID:22582302

Sporer, K R B; Zhou, H-R; Linz, J E; Booren, A M; Strasburg, G M

2012-06-01

26

Legalizing Education: The Role of Law in the Regulation and Deregulation of China's Private Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the role of law in shaping the growth of private education, as a part of educational reforms in response to social change in the People's Republic of China (PRC) after the 1980s. This paper argues that law acts as a new social game rule, one used by the state to govern, regulate and promote new relations and interactions…

Pan, Su-Yan; Law, Wing-Wah

2006-01-01

27

50 CFR 86.55 - What are my compliance requirements with Federal laws, regulations, and policies?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERIOR (CONTINUED) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE-WILDLIFE AND SPORT FISH RESTORATION PROGRAM BOATING INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT (BIG) PROGRAM How States Apply for Grants § 86.55 What are my compliance requirements with Federal laws, regulations,...

2013-10-01

28

76 FR 74722 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 48 CFR Part 422 RIN 0599-AA19 Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law Violations...Property Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Direct final...

2011-12-01

29

77 FR 5750 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 48 CFR Part 422 RIN 0599-AA19 Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law Violations...Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Proposed rule;...

2012-02-06

30

77 FR 5714 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 48 CFR Part 422 RIN 0599-AA19 Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law Violations...Departmental Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Direct Final rule;...

2012-02-06

31

76 FR 74755 - Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 48 CFR Part 422 RIN 0599-AA19 Office of Procurement and Property Management; Agriculture Acquisition Regulation, Labor Law Violations...Property Management, Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Proposed...

2011-12-01

32

42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY SUPPORTED SANCTUARY SYSTEM § 9.13 Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that...

2012-10-01

33

42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY SUPPORTED SANCTUARY SYSTEM § 9.13 Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that...

2013-10-01

34

Mexican Laws and Regulations Governing Occupational Safety and Health. A Selection of Principal Documents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The compilation of Mexican Laws, regulations, and standards dealing with occupation safety and health is the second in a series of publications being developed jointly by the United States and Mexico in connection with the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU...

1993-01-01

35

The purpose of uniform choice-of law rules: the Rome II Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The year 2009 marks the entry into force of the first two EC regulations on choice of law: one on torts and other non-contractual obligations (‘Rome II’), and one on contracts (‘Rome I’). In both regulations, the need for uniform choice-of-law rules is explained, generally, in the preamble. In ‘Rome II’, various recitals specify the purposes some particular rules are

Boer de T. M

2009-01-01

36

On the selection of control-law coefficients for multiloop PWM switching regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analytical investigation was performed to ascertain the explicit effects of the state-variable feedback control-law coefficients and the source variable feed-forward control-law coefficients on the stability and performance in linearized multiloop (pulse-width modulated) switching regulators. Detailed results are presented for input impedance, output current susceptibility, input voltage susceptibility and output impedance of the basic buck, boost, and buck-boost regulators. General

DANIEL M. MITCHELL; GEORGE K. SCHONEMAN

1989-01-01

37

Technology, Free Expression, and the Law: Should the Internet be Regulated in the Same Manner as the Broadcast Media?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines questions of Internet regulation by comparison with other forms of media and regulations applying to them. Discusses legal issues of free speech, content regulation, intellectual property rights, and commercial law. Concludes that in law-enforcement terms, the Internet is different from mass media and cannot be regulated easily. (DSK)

Weinberg, Jonathan

1998-01-01

38

From patent law to regulation: the ontological gerrymandering of biotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biotechnology is (ontologically speaking) many things. US patent law's understanding of ‘the natural’ has shrunk over the decades to allow the patenting of artefacts – such as organisms, cell lines, chemical compounds, and cDNA – that would previously have been unpatentable. However, when attempting to garner public support or minimise regulatory hurdles, proponents of biotechnology emphasise how these artefacts are

Michael S. Carolan

2008-01-01

39

International Telecommunications and International Law: The Regulation of the Radio Spectrum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international regulation of the radio frequency spectrum is seen as an interplay of international law and technology. The means by which the radio frequency spectrum is apportioned among and used by the nations of the world are analyzed. An in-depth examination of the international agency responsible for regulating the use of the spectrum, the…

Leive, David M.

40

Analysis of environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in Turkey.  

PubMed

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System, which embodies the "prevention principle" of the environmental law, is an important tool for environmental protection. This tool has a private importance for Turkey since it is a developing country, and it entered the Turkish law in 1983 with the Environmental Law. Besides, the EIA Regulation, which shows the application principles, became effective in 1993. Because Turkey is a candidate for European Union (EU), the EIA Regulation has been changed due to the EU compliance procedure, and its latest version became valid in 2008. This study aims to emphasize The EIA system in Turkey to supervise the efficiency of this procedure and point the success level. In the introduction part, general EIA concept, its importance, and some notations are mentioned. Following that, the legislation, which builds the EIA system, has been analyzed starting from the 1982 Turkish Constitution. Then, the legislation rules are explained due to the basic steps of the EIA procedure. In order to shed light upon the application, the EIA final decisions given until today, the results, and their distributions to the industries are assessed. In the final part of the study, a SWOT analysis is made to mention the weaknesses, strengths, opportunities, and threats of the EIA system in Turkey. PMID:20521100

Co?kun, Aynur Ayd?n; Turker, Ozhan

2011-04-01

41

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Laws and Regulations  

MedlinePLUS

... to specific regulations affecting the TANF program. TANF Final Rule – April 12, 1999 Index Executive Summary Technical Corrections Tribal TANF and Native Employment Works Final Rule – February 18, 2000 Charitable Choice Final Rule – ...

42

4 CFR 6.1 - Applicable law and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1 Accounts GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE PERSONNEL SYSTEM ATTENDANCE AND LEAVE § 6.1 Applicable...E, title 5, United States Code and the Office of Personnel Management implementing regulations regarding...

2011-01-01

43

On the selection of control-law coefficients for multi-loop PWM switching regulators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between the control-law coefficients and the closed-loop transfer functions for second-order, multiloop, pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) switching regulators is examined. Detailed results are presented for input impedance, output-current susceptibility, input-voltage susceptibility, and output impedance of the basic buck, boost, and buck-boost regulators. The relationship is used as a basis for selecting the feedback and feed-forward coefficients for maximum performance of the regulators.

Mitchell, Daniel M.; Schoneman, George K.

44

Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case involving the mental health rights of children is currently working its way toward the Supreme Court. That case, Bartley v. Kremens, challenges the power of parents to institutionalize their children in mental hospitals or institutions for the retarded without due process of law. (Author/RK)

Ellis, James W.

1976-01-01

45

Controlling the mealworm Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in broiler and turkey houses: field trials with a combined insecticide treatment: insect growth regulator and pyrethroid.  

PubMed

Trials were conducted during one year under field conditions to control the lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer), in broiler and turkey houses. The tested combined treatment included an adulticidal compound (pyrethroid: cyfluthrin) and a larvicidal compound (insect growth regulator [IGR]: triflumuron). The combined insecticide treatment greatly reduced the adult and larval stocks throughout the different broiler growing periods, and control of A. diaperinus populations was achieved by the end of the second treatment. Control of the insect population in a turkey house was not similar. A reestablishment of the insect population was observed during the second turkey growing period in summer. Building characteristics and management practices of the breeding system (duration of the breeding period, management of the litter) interact with the combined insecticide treatment and lead to a different efficiency. PMID:12650354

Salin, C; Delettre, Y R; Vernon, P

2003-02-01

46

On the selection of control-law coefficients for multi-loop PWM switching regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the control-law coefficients and the closed-loop transfer functions for second-order, multiloop, pulsewidth-modulated (PWM) switching regulators is examined. Detailed results are presented for input impedance, output-current susceptibility, input-voltage susceptibility, and output impedance of the basic buck, boost, and buck-boost regulators. The relationship is used as a basis for selecting the feedback and feed-forward coefficients for maximum performance of

Daniel M. Mitchell; George K. Schoneman

1988-01-01

47

Exploring Faraday's Law of Electrolysis Using Zinc-Air Batteries with Current Regulative Diodes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current regulative diodes (CRDs) are applied to develop new educational experiments on Faraday's law by using a zinc-air battery (PR2330) and a resistor to discharge it. The results concluded that the combination of zinc-air batteries and the CRD array is simpler, less expensive, and quantitative and gives accurate data.

Kamata, Masahiro; Paku, Miei

2007-01-01

48

Occupational Health and Safety Legislation: A Compilation of State Laws and Regulations (Revised Edition).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is an updated edition of the 1954 issue of Public Health Service Bulletin No. 357. It consists of citations and excerpts or digests of State laws and regulations dealing with occupational health and safety. No attempt has been made to eval...

1970-01-01

49

Data Protection: The New IP Frontier — An Overview of Existing Laws and Regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an overview of laws and regulations for the protection of data submitted by pharmaceutical companies for the purposes of obtaining marketing approval for a drug in Member States of the World Trade Organization, which must comply with intellectual property provisions set in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Article 39.3 of the

Dolores Cullen

2007-01-01

50

The Handbook: A Vocational Education Legislative Reference. Federal Laws and Regulations Affecting Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist administrators, researchers, and evaluators in better understanding and implementing the Vocational Education Act of 1963, this booklet brings together the provisions of the Act, the regulations, selected provisions from related laws, significant policy, and statements based on public hearings issues. Its format of columns that clearly…

Mariscal and Co., Los Angeles, CA.

51

A Guide to State Laws and Regulations on Professional School Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional school counselors are required by law and/or regulation in every state to obtain a state-issued credential in order to be employed in public schools. In some states, this credential is called "certification"; others term it "licensure" or "endorsement." This guide provides a chart summarizing the requirements and qualifications needed…

Lum, Christie

52

A Guide to State Laws and Regulations on Professional School Counseling, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional school counselors are required by law and/or regulation in every state to obtain a state-issued credential in order to be employed in public schools. In some states, this credential is called "certification"; others term it "licensure" or "endorsement." This guide provides a chart summarizing the requirements and qualifications needed…

Lum, Christie

53

North Carolina's Communicable-Disease Laws and Regulations Amended in Response to AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes some of the features of North Carolina's communicable-disease laws and regulations focusing on the problem of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that is the cause of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Addresses students and HIV, employees and HIV, and confidentiality. (MLF)

Koeze, Jeffrey S.

1988-01-01

54

Congress, Laws, and Regulations: Government Documents. Academic Library Guide. Government Documents Series Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the second in a series of four guides to the government documents collection in the academic library at St. Mary's University (San Antonio, Texas); the library has been a selective depository for U.S. Government publications since 1964. Focusing on congressional publications pertaining to laws and regulations, this guide describes…

Amen, Kathleen L.

55

Law & psychiatry: Regulating psychotherapy or restricting freedom of speech? California's ban on sexual orientation change efforts.  

PubMed

California's new law banning sexual orientation change efforts by licensed therapists for patients under 18 immediately provoked court challenges. Therapists, parents, and patients argued that the statute infringed constitutional rights to freedom of speech and parental rights to select treatments for their children. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rejected all of these claims in a unanimous decision upholding the law. However, the decision evokes concerns that other forms of psychotherapy could be subject to similar regulation. Tort remedies may provide less intrusive means for discouraging use of ineffective and potentially harmful therapies. PMID:24382762

Appelbaum, Paul S

2014-01-01

56

Doing Business 2012. Economy Profile: Turkey. Comparing Regulation for Domestic Firms in 183 Economies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 10 areas in the life cycle...

2012-01-01

57

25 CFR 247.5 - What laws and regulations apply to the people who use these sites?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the absence of Federal law or regulation governing health, sanitation, and safety requirements, State or U.S. Public Health Service standards. (b) The Area Director may suspend or withdraw the privileges of use of any or all of...

2011-04-01

58

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

Agency., United S.

59

[Forensic psychologist's considerations about the new law regulation in cases of sexual crimes].  

PubMed

The article comments, from the perspective of a forensic psychologist, the changes which have been recently provided to the law regulations on sexual crime and the treatment of the sexual crime perpetrators. It appears that the new law regulations follow the right path, because they create the conditions for holistic and complex solutions in the sexual crime treatment matter. Unfortunately they are still rather incomplete and inconsistent. Their practical implementation is difficult because of the very demanding qualification criteria to the psychotherapy of sexual crime perpetrators, the existence of law criteria to the therapy, the narrow frame of the therapy goals and unclear rules of therapy constraint. Moreover, in Poland there is a lack of complex therapy models of sexual perpetrators, we have little experience in this kind of therapy and there is a deficiency of qualified specialists. Finally the relationship between the treatment of this kind of criminals in prison conditions and ambulatory therapy conditions isn't very clearly precise. On the other hand, a lot of improvements have been provided, such as: continuing the treatment after leaving prison, not only pharmacological treatment but also psychotherapy, the system of prevention. Despite of the strong attempts to promote the special role of pharmacological treatment of sexual crime perpetrators (,,chemical castration"), the new solutions promote a complex and interdisciplinary approach to this problem. In this article, the author described the current Polish experience in the therapy of sexual crime perpetrators and listed several rules of preparing the forensic-psychological expertise according to the described problem in context of new legal regulations. PMID:23214146

Gierowski, Józef Krzysztof

2012-01-01

60

49 CFR 350.341 - What specific variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs engaged in intrastate...and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs engaged in intrastate...jurisdiction? (a) A State may exempt a CMV from all or part of its laws or...

2010-10-01

61

49 CFR 350.341 - What specific variances from the FMCSRs are allowed for State laws and regulations governing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs engaged in intrastate...and regulations governing motor carriers, CMV drivers, and CMVs engaged in intrastate...jurisdiction? (a) A State may exempt a CMV from all or part of its laws or...

2009-10-01

62

A summary of state laws regulating youth operating farm tractors on highways.  

PubMed

Driving farm tractors on highways is hazardous for youth due to the large speed differential between motor vehicles and agricultural vehicles, as well as recent increases in traffic volume on many rural roads. In 1994, the state of Wisconsin enacted legislation requiring youth who operate farm tractors on highways to complete a tractor and machinery certification course. We were interested in finding out whether other states have similar requirements. The purpose of this project was to collect and summarize state laws regulating youth who operate farm tractors on highways in the U.S. A systematic method was used that included an initial Lexis-Nexis database search followed by internet searches in combination with follow-up email and telephone communications when missing or unclear results were obtained. The findings show that 14 states have legislation addressing youth who operate farm tractors on highways. The content of these statutes varies, but includes driver's license or educational requirements, as well as regulations concerning the ages, locations, and/or times of day when youth may drive farm machinery on highways. This compilation of state laws will be useful information for agricultural safety professionals in designing effective outreach programs. A synthesis of the findings may also lead to the development of model legislation or inform future research efforts aimed at preventing youth farm tractor crashes on highways. PMID:16536173

Doty, B C; Marlenga, B

2006-02-01

63

Wind energy and Turkey.  

PubMed

The global energy requirement for sustaining economic activities, meeting social needs and social development is increasing daily. Environmentally friendly, renewable energy resources are an alternative to the primary non-renewable energy resources, which devastate ecosystems in order to meet increasing demand. Among renewable energy sources such as hydropower, biopower, geothermal power and solar power, wind power offers distinct advantages to Turkey. There is an increasing tendency toward wind globally and the European Union adjusted its legal regulations in this regard. As a potential EU Member state, Turkey is going through a similar process. The number of institutional and legal regulations concerning wind power has increased in recent years; technical infrastructure studies were completed, and some important steps were taken in this regard. This study examines the way in which Turkey has developed support for wind power, presents a SWOT analysis of the wind power sector in Turkey and a projection was made for the concrete success expected to be accomplished in the future. PMID:21479556

Coskun, Aynur Aydin; Türker, Yavuz Özhan

2012-03-01

64

FEEDBACK-REGULATED STAR FORMATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE KENNICUTT-SCHMIDT LAW  

SciTech Connect

We derive a metallicity-dependent relation between the surface density of the star formation rate ({Sigma}{sub SFR}) and the gas surface density ({Sigma}{sub g}) in a feedback-regulated model of star formation in galactic disks. In this model, star formation occurs in gravitationally bound protocluster clumps embedded in larger giant molecular clouds with the protocluster clump mass function following a power-law function with a slope of -2. Metallicity-dependent feedback is generated by the winds of OB stars (M {approx}> 5 M{sub sun}) that form in the clumps. The quenching of star formation in clumps of decreasing metallicity occurs at later epochs due to weaker wind luminosities, thus resulting in higher final star formation efficiencies (SFE{sub exp}). By combining SFE{sub exp} with the timescales on which gas expulsion occurs, we derive the metallicity-dependent SFR per unit time in this model as a function of {Sigma}{sub g}. This is combined with the molecular gas fraction in order to derive the global dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on {Sigma}{sub g}. The model reproduces very well the observed star formation laws extending from low gas surface densities up to the starburst regime. Furthermore, our results show a dependence of {Sigma}{sub SFR} on metallicity over the entire range of gas surface densities in contrast to other models and can also explain part of the scatter in the observations. We provide a tabulated form of the star formation laws that can easily be incorporated into numerical simulations or semi-analytical models of galaxy formation and evolution.

Dib, Sami, E-mail: s.dib@imperial.ac.uk [Astrophysics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2011-08-10

65

Regulation of sexuality in Indonesian discourse: normative gender, criminal law and shifting strategies of control.  

PubMed

This paper examines changes in the regulation of sexuality in Indonesia in the period since 1980 as seen through state, religious and lesbian and gay activist discourses on sexuality. Three different eras during that period of Indonesian history are compared. Under the New Order regime of Suharto, the Indonesian state sought to control sexuality through a deployment of gender. During the 1990s, state Islamic discourses of sexuality shifted in response to international pressures to support same-sex marriage and sexual rights. During the third period following the end of the Suharto regime in 1998, a conservative Islamic minority pushed for more restrictive laws in the State Penal Code, initiating intense public debate on the role of the state in questions of sexuality and morality. Over this time period, the dominant discourse on sexuality moved from strategically linking normative gender with heterosexuality and marriage to direct attempts to legislate heterosexual marriage by criminalizing a wide range of sexual practices. PMID:17457732

Blackwood, Evelyn

2007-01-01

66

Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study the evolution of telecommunications technology and its impact on law enforcement surveillance. Privacy and the need for law enforcement to conduct investigations have not been at the center of the recent public policy debate. Yet, policy environments have approved law enforcement surveillance that can be and is intrusive. Law enforcement surveillance therefore deserves particular attention

Serena Chan; L. Jean Camp

67

Prohibition of Parallel Imports as a Hard Core Restriction of Article 4 of Block Exemption Regulation for Vertical Agreements: European Law and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to highlight the main principles of Competition Law (regulatory and case law framework) covering the prohibition of parallel imports and to reveal the main effects of it on the competitive structure of the market. Especially, the regulatory framework relates Block Exception Regulation 330\\/2010 with Block Exception Regulation 461\\/2010 in order to determine whether prohibition of parallel imports

Nikolaos Zevgolis; Panagiotis Fotis

2011-01-01

68

PROHIBITION OF PARALLEL IMPORTS AS A HARD CORE RESTRICTION OF ARTICLE 4 OF BLOCK EXCEPTION REGULATION FOR VERTICAL AGREEMENTS: EUROPEAN LAW AND ECONOMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to highlight the main principles of Competition Law (regulatory and case law framework) covering the prohibition of parallel imports and to reveal the main effects of it on the competitive structure of the market. Especially, the regulatory framework relates Block Exception Regulation 330\\/2010 with Block Exception Regulation 461\\/2010 in order to determine whether prohibition of parallel imports

Nikolaos E. ZEVGOLIS; Panagiotis N. FOTIS

2011-01-01

69

21 CFR 10.40 - Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...efficient enforcement of the law. 10.40 Section 10.40...efficient enforcement of the law. (a) The Commissioner...efficient enforcement of the laws administered by FDA whenever...the notice in the form of a preamble that summarizes the...

2009-04-01

70

21 CFR 10.40 - Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...efficient enforcement of the law. 10.40 Section 10.40...efficient enforcement of the law. (a) The Commissioner...efficient enforcement of the laws administered by FDA whenever...the notice in the form of a preamble that summarizes the...

2013-04-01

71

21 CFR 10.40 - Promulgation of regulations for the efficient enforcement of the law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...efficient enforcement of the law. 10.40 Section 10.40...efficient enforcement of the law. (a) The Commissioner...efficient enforcement of the laws administered by FDA whenever...the notice in the form of a preamble that summarizes the...

2010-04-01

72

[The Russian Federation law "On technical regulation"--a new instrument for improving quality and safety of food products].  

PubMed

Law of the Russian Federation "On technical regulation" shall substantially increase the importance of the requirements as to the foodstuff, process of production and liability for compliance with such requirements. The main goal of the Law is to provide for the requirements which shall be deemed to be obligatory, i.e. for those which have the most significant importance for safety of people, property, environment, plant, animals and which provide for the best informational resources for the consumers. This raises the problem of the need for development, broader usage of the complex approach to the evaluation of the multiply risk as well as fixing the set of factors for the purpose of determination of the level of their safety as regards certain objects set out by law, such problem being common for all sciences (including the science for the hygienic nutrition). In order to bring Law "On Technical Regulation" into effect it is very important that the specialists of various concentration realize the importance of the issues raised by this Law and the necessity of taking actions for solving such issues. PMID:14870591

Sukhanov, B P; Kerimova, M G

2003-01-01

73

Pharmacy in Turkey: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

Pharmacy in Turkey underwent a radical change within the last decade. Introduction of the Health Transformation Program in 2003 has had a significant impact on Turkey's pharmacy system in accordance with objectives of the program to establish new pricing regulations for pharmaceuticals based on reference prices, and to develop better computer based health information/record systems. In this context, Pharmaceutical Tracking (Track-and-Trace) System using two dimensional matrix barcodes was initiated to prevent not only drug counterfeiting, but also fraud against the medical insurance system and off-record transactions within the pharmaceutical sector; and the process of recording prescriptions in an electronic format was launched. Some other improvements have also been made with respect to pharmacy education, law and practice. In contrast with all these positive outcomes, Turkish pharmacy sector is currently in a deep financial struggle. This paper aims to provide a brief overview of the recent developments in Turkish pharmacy system and to discuss future roles and challenges of the profession. PMID:24974586

Tekiner, H

2014-06-01

74

Turkey Trouble  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Limiting factors are things that can limit the size of a population such as food, water, shelter, disease, nesting sites, predation, and parasitism. In this activity students will play a game to simulate changes in a turkey population and will learn about limiting factors.

Ross, Julie

2011-09-11

75

Usage of Underground Space for 3D Cadastre Purposes and Related Problems in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Modern cities have been trying to meet their needs for space by using not only surface structures but also by considering subsurface space use. It is also anticipated that without planning of underground spaces for supporting surface city life in the years and generations to come, there will be serious and unavoidable problems with growing populations. The current Turkish cadastral system, including land right registrations, has been trying to meet users' needs in all aspects since 1924. Today Turkey's national cadastre services are carried out by the General Directorate of Land Titles and Cadastre (TKGM). The Cadastre Law, Number 3402, was approved in 1985 to eliminate problems by gathering all existing cadastral regulations under one law and also to produce 3D cadastral bases to include underground spaces and determine their legal status in Turkey. Although the mandate for 3D cadastre works is described and explained by the laws, until now the bases have been created in 2D and the reality is that legal gaps and deficiencies presently exist in them. In this study, the usage of underground spaces for the current cadastral system in Turkey was briefly evaluated, the concept of 3D cadastral data is examined and the need for using subsurface and 3D cadastre in addition to the traditional 2D register system, related problems and registration are mentioned with specific examples, but without focusing on a specific model.

Aydin, Cevdet C.

2008-01-01

76

Internet financial reporting in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate internet financial reporting following major regulatory changes in Turkey. Although these regulations only cover publicly listed firms, large unlisted firms also use the internet to disseminate financial information. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study surveys the top 500 Turkish industrial firms on the “Istanbul Chamber of Industry 500” (ICI500) to determine whether the regulatory changes

Aslihan E. Bozcuk; Sinan Aslan; S. Burak Arzova

2011-01-01

77

The principles of gift law and the regulation of organ donation.  

PubMed

The principles of gift law establish a consistent international legal understanding of consent to donation under a range of regulatory systems. Gift law as the primary legal principle is important to both the foundation of systems that prevent organ sales and the consideration of strategies to increase organ donation for transplantation. PMID:21276090

Glazier, Alexandra K

2011-04-01

78

The history of liver transplantation in Turkey.  

PubMed

Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment for end-stage liver diseases. The first successful liver transplant was performed in the United States by Thomas Starzl in 1967. The first successful solid organ transplant in Turkey was a living-related kidney transplant performed by Dr. Haberal in 1975. After much effort by Dr. Haberal, the Turkish parliament enacted a law about organ transplantation in 1979. After clinical and experimental studies, the first liver transplant in Turkey was performed by Dr. Haberal in 1988. The first successful partial living-donor liver transplant in children in Turkey was performed by the same team on March 15, 1990. On April 24, 1990, the first living-donor liver transplant was performed on a child in Turkey using a left lateral segment by Dr. Haberal and coworkers. On May 16, 1992, Dr. Haberal performed a simultaneous living-donor liver and kidney transplantation to an adult from the same donor. There currently are 30 liver transplantation centers in Turkey. According to data from the Ministry of Health, there presently are 2065 patients in Turkey who are waiting for a liver transplantation. From January 2002 to June 2013, there were 6091 liver transplants performed in Turkey (4020 living-donor [66% ] and 2071 deceased donor liver transplants [34% ]). From January 2011 to June 2013, there were 2514 patients who had liver transplants in Turkey, and 437 patients (17%) died. The number of liver transplants per year in Turkey reached 1000 transplants in 2012 and more than 1150 transplants in 2013 (15.1/million/y). Therefore, Turkey has one of the highest volumes of liver transplantation per population worldwide, with 90% survival within 1 year after transplantation. PMID:24635786

Moray, Gökhan; Arslan, Gülnaz; Haberal, Mehmet

2014-03-01

79

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 93rd National Conference on Weights and Measures 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

2009-01-01

80

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 92nd National Conference on Weights and Measures 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

C. Hockert L. Crown L. Sebring L. Warfield T. Coleman

2007-01-01

81

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 89th National Conference on Weights and Measures 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

H. Oppermann K. Dresser L. Crown T. Coleman

2004-01-01

82

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 96th National Conference on Weights and Measures. 2012 edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Uniform Laws and Regulations in this handbook comprise all of those adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). The NCWM is supported by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which provides its Executi...

D. Sefcik L. Crown L. Warfield

2012-01-01

83

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 90th National Conference on Weights and Measures 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

K. Dresser L. Crown L. Sebring T. Coleman

2005-01-01

84

China's Laws, Regulations and Practices in the Areas of Technology Transfer, Trade-Related Investment Measures, Subsidies and Intellectual Property Protection Which Raise WTO Compliance Concerns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Chinese government committed to far-reaching reforms to bring its laws and regulations into conformity with the WTO Agreements. China's final accession package also included specific commitments ma...

A. S. Dwyer E. A. Argenti P. A. Butler T. P. Stewart

2007-01-01

85

48 CFR 970.5204-2 - Laws, regulations, and DOE directives.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AGENCY SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS ...the requirements of those Department of Energy directives, or parts thereof...tailored set of requirements identifies an alternative requirement varying from an ES&H...

2013-10-01

86

31 CFR 544.101 - Relation of this part to other laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS ...544.101: The sanctions implemented pursuant to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Trade Control Regulations set forth...

2013-07-01

87

Several States Act on 'Model' Law That Could Regulate Fund Raisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States are being urged to require non-profit organizations including colleges and universities to take greater responsibility for those who raise funds in their name, and to report their fund-raising activities in much more detail. In the past, colleges have been exempted from such laws. (MLW)

Bailey, Anne Lowrey

1987-01-01

88

The evolution from sector-specific regulation towards competition law in EU telecom markets from 1997 to 2011: Different effects in practical implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The telecommunications markets in the European Union have gone through a period of rapid technological as well as economic change. After the market opening in the late 1990s, the approach to regulate these markets has likewise changed over time. Whereas a sectorspecific framework dominated the phase from 1998-2002, a more prominent role of competition law regulating telecommunications markets has become

Natascha Freund; Ernst-Olav Ruhle

2011-01-01

89

The Impact of Laws and Regulations on Micro and Small Enterprises in Niger and Swaziland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Technical Paper presents the results of research on the impact of taxation and other regulations on micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in two countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The fiscal and other regulations of the countries studied — Niger and Swaziland — and their administrative systems are quite different. Based on approximately similar samples of enterprises from the two countries,

Isabelle Joumard; Carl Liedholm; Donald Mead

1992-01-01

90

Doing Business 2013: Smarter Regulations for Small and Medium-Size Enterprises. Economy Profile: Turkey. Comparing Business Regulations for Domestic Firms in 185 Economies. 10th Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks changes in regulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle...

2013-01-01

91

Compendium of federal and state radioactive materials transportation laws and regulations: Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Transportation Legislative Database (TLDB) is an on-line information service containing detailed information on legislation and regulations regarding the transportation of radioactive materials in the United States. The system is dedicated to serving ...

1989-01-01

92

30 CFR 736.23 - Federal program effect on State law or regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...In promulgating or revising a Federal program for a State, the Director shall set forth in the Federal Register any State statute or regulation...preempted and superseded by the Federal program. (b) The...

2013-07-01

93

Position of soy protein processors in relation to laws and regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soy protein products in the U.S. fall under the regulatory powers of the Food and Drug Administration as far as processing\\u000a plants are concerned. The U.S. Department of Agriculture controls their use in meat and poultry products. Many states have\\u000a separate regulations. The industry is expected to know federal and state regulations and interpret them for the customer.\\u000a Difficulties arise

Joseph N. Czarnecki

1974-01-01

94

Regulating Water Quality: Policy, Standards, and Laws. January 1993 - January 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 127 citations in this annotated bibliography provide a substantial resource describing recent investigations on the regulation of water quality. The listing, prepared by NAL's Water Quality Information Center, is part of the Quick Bibliography Series of the National Agricultural Library (NAL), intended primarily for communicating current…

Makuch, Joe

95

42 CFR 52b.14 - Other federal laws, regulations, executive orders, and policies that apply.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...S.C. 4106). National Historic Preservation Act, section 106, as amended (16 U.S.C. 470f). Safe Drinking Water Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq. ). (b) Regulations. 9 CFR part 3âStandards (Animal...

2012-10-01

96

LAGOONS, LITTER AND THE LAW: CAFO REGULATION AS SOCIAL RISK POLITICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The restructuring of the animal agriculture indus- try in the United States, a response to globalization dynamics within the world economy, has created a new social risk profile which did not exist in this industry prior to the adoption of factory farm technology. Analysis of the CAFO (concentrated animal feeding operation) regulation debate in Kentucky illustrates the political economy genesis

Larry L. Burmeister

2002-01-01

97

Community Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: a Difficult Relationship Between Law and Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:The European Community legislator regulates the area of genetically modified organisms according to the precautionary principle, which implies keeping a distance from scientific results in decision-making. However, a positivist approach continues to exist within the same legislation. Paradoxically, this approach is promoted by the means of implementation of the precautionary principle. But to a large extent, it takes root in

Zeynep Kivilcim Forsman

2004-01-01

98

International economic law and .the interface between trade and environmental regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an international economic lawyer's perspective of the issues economists need to consider in analysing the trade-environment interface. Despite their historical polarity, proponents of both trade and environment regulation, principally seek to reduce negative externalities that are caused by trade under certain conditions. Therefore the real issue is the form and level of intervention. The paper further argues

Jeff Waincymer

1998-01-01

99

The Role and Prospects of International Law in Financial Regulation and Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis of 2007--09 resulted in, inter alia, challenges for governments to modify financial regulation and supervision so as to ensure stability of financial markets without unduly hindering dynamic market developments. Moreover, the inherent transnational character of any financial market instrument nowadays has to be taken into account. This article discusses the proper allocation of powers in terms of

Christian Tietje; Matthias Lehmann

2010-01-01

100

50 CFR 300.102 - Relationship to other treaties, conventions, laws, and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and importation into the United States of AMLRs. (b) The ACA implements the Antarctic Treaty Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora (12 U.S.T. 794). The ACA and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 670) apply...

2013-10-01

101

Research on embryos in Turkey with ethical and legal aspects  

PubMed Central

Technically, the term embryo refers to the products of conception after implantation into the wall of the womb, usually nearly two weeks after fertilization, up until the eighth week. Embryos contain stem cells which, according to scientists, could be used to cure a wide range of conditions. Stem cells can be coaxed into growing cells of any other type, which makes them potentially very useful indeed. However, removing stem cells from an embryo will kill the embryo, which some people object to. From the mid 1970s, IVF was being developed and research was carried out on the spare embryos produced. This research helped to improve IVF techniques, as well as to better understand the earliest stages of human development. Research also shed light on a variety of inheritable disorders. In Turkish Law, assisted reproduction treatment (ART) services are regulated with the Regulation of Assisted Reproductive Treatment Centers Act (RAPTCA) The Regulation was issued in 1987, but it has been amended several times since. Also, article 90 of the Turkish Penal Code covers some aspects of research on embryos. At the same time, the Biomedicine Convention (Oviedo Convention), signed by Turkey and which entered into force in 2003, has binding regulations about this issue. Different legal regulations and some ethical guidelines are in conflict with each other, creating much confusion for the researchers. In this paper these conflicts are discussed, giving some practical proposals.

Vatanoglu-Lutz, Emine Elif

2012-01-01

102

‘New Governance’ in European Corporate Law Regulation as Transnational Legal Pluralism  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe present transformation of European corporate governance regulation mirrors the challenges that have been facing the EU's continuously evolving polity, marked by tensions between centralised integration programmes, on the one hand, and Member State's embedded capitalisms, path-dependencies and rent-seeking, on the other. As longstanding concerns with remaining obstacles to more mobility for workers, services, business entities and capital in recent

Peer Zumbansen

2009-01-01

103

Food Law, Ethics, and Food Safety Regulation: Roles, Justifications, and Expected Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent food emergencies throughout the world have raised some serious ethical and legal concerns for nations and health organizations.\\u000a While the legal regulations addressing food risks and foodborne illnesses are considerably varied and variously effective,\\u000a less is known about the ethical treatment of the subject. The purpose of this article is to discuss the roles, justifications,\\u000a and limits of ethics

Daniel Sperling

2010-01-01

104

Istanbul, Turkey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This June 16, 2000 image of Istanbul, Turkey show a full 60 by 60 km ASTER scene in the visible and infrared channels. Vegetation appears red, and urban areas blue-green. Bustling Istanbul, with its magnificent historical heritage, has spanned the divide between Europe and Asia for more than 2,500 years. Originally called Byzantium, the city was founded in the 7th century BC on the Golden Horn, an arm of the narrow Bosporus (also spelled Bosphorus) Strait, which connects the Sea of Marmara to the south, with the Black Sea to the north. Constantine I made it his capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 330. As Constantinople, the strategically located city arose as the preeminent cultural, religious, and political center of the Western world. It reached the height of its wealth and glory in the early 5th century. After centuries of decline, the city entered another period of tremendous growth and prosperity when, as Istanbul, it became the capital of the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1457. Although Turkey moved its capital to Ankara in 1923, Istanbul remains the nation's largest city with a population of over 8 million, its commercial center, and a major port. Two bridges spanning the Bosporus, and ships in the busy channel can be seen on the enlargement. On the image, the water areas have been replaced with a thermal image: colder waters are displayed in dark blue, warmer areas in light blue. Note the dark lines showing boat wakes, and the cold water entering the Sea of Marmara from deeper waters of the Bosporus.

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched December 18, 1999, on NASA's Terra satellite. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and the data products. Dr. Anne Kahle at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif., is the U.S. Science team leader; Moshe Pniel of JPL is the project manager. ASTER is the only high resolution imaging sensor on Terra. The primary goal of the ASTER mission is to obtain high-resolution image data in 14 channels over the entire land surface, as well as black and white stereo images. With revisit time of between 4 and 16 days, ASTER will provide the capability for repeat coverage of changing areas on Earth's surface.

The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER will provide scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping, and monitoring dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are: monitoring glacial advances and retreats, monitoring potentially active volcanoes, identifying crop stress, determining cloud morphology and physical properties, wetlands Evaluation, thermal pollution monitoring, coral reef degradation, surface temperature mapping of soils and geology, and measuring surface heat balance.

2000-01-01

105

Thorndike's Law 2.0: Dopamine and the Regulation of Thrift  

PubMed Central

Dopamine is widely associated with reward, motivation, and reinforcement learning. Research on dopamine has emphasized its contribution to compulsive behaviors, such as addiction and overeating, with less examination of its potential role in behavioral flexibility in normal, non-pathological states. In the study reviewed here, we investigated the effect of increased tonic dopamine in a two-lever homecage operant paradigm where the relative value of the levers was dynamic, requiring the mice to constantly monitor reward outcome and adapt their behavior. The data were fit to a temporal difference learning model that showed that mice with elevated dopamine exhibited less coupling between reward history and behavioral choice. This work suggests a way to integrate motivational and learning theories of dopamine into a single formal model where tonic dopamine regulates the expression of prior reward learning by controlling the degree to which learned reward values bias behavioral choice. Here I place these results in a broader context of dopamine's role in instrumental learning and suggest a novel hypothesis that tonic dopamine regulates thrift, the degree to which an animal needs to exploit its prior reward learning to maximize return on energy expenditure. Our data suggest that increased dopamine decreases thriftiness, facilitating energy expenditure, and permitting greater exploration. Conversely, this implies that decreased dopamine increases thriftiness, favoring the exploitation of prior reward learning, and diminishing exploration. This perspective provides a different window onto the role dopamine may play in behavioral flexibility and its failure, compulsive behavior.

Beeler, Jeff A.

2012-01-01

106

36 CFR 3.2 - Do other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...other boating laws and regulations apply to me when I operate my boat on park waters? 3.2 Section 3.2 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BOATING AND WATER USE ACTIVITIES §...

2013-07-01

107

GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic theory can provide insight into the general structure of the law and the organization of topics in this encyclopedia. After arguing that all of law is contract law, I show how economics can be used to explain the choice between criminal law and tort law, liability rules and property rights, prior regulation and post liability, restitution and torts, and

Donald Wittman

108

Regulations and ethical considerations in animal experiments: international laws and islamic perspectives.  

PubMed

Growing usage of animals in the research projects has drawn more attention to their welfare and ethics surrounding this practice. Dissemination of information about the existing ethical consideration and alternatives in animal experiments has two important functions; first, it increases the researcher's awareness of the possible methods of using animals in the experiment, and second, to ensure that potential users are aware of the established alternatives. For example, legislations enacted in many countries during the 1980s state that laboratory animal applications should be reduced, refined and replaced wherever possible according to principles of the 3Rs. Thus, scientists around the world tried to apply the 3Rs in their biomedical researches regarding welfare of the laboratory animals. However, the Qur'an, the holy book of Muslims, and also Hadiths contain the obligatory ways to keep and treat animals since their revelations. According to Islamic viewpoint, animals represent Allah's ability and wisdom, and humans must pay attention to their health and living conditions. Several Islamic manuscripts state that animals have their own position in the creation hierarchy and humans are responsible for supplying minimal facilities and their welfare. This paper has tried to review ethical consideration in animal experiments and regarding Islamic resources in this case to encourage providing comprehensive ethical regulations in animal experiments which its establishment could be beneficial for animal ethics committees or research institutes. PMID:23407588

Naderi, Mohammad Mehdi; Sarvari, Ali; Milanifar, Alireza; Boroujeni, Sara Borjian; Akhondi, Mohammad Mehdi

2012-07-01

109

The Legal Status of Transsexuals in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the legal regulations concerning transsexuals in Turkey can be analysed in three phases. The first phase was prior to 1988 when there were no legal parameters at all. The second phase started in 1988 when certain changes made in the Turkish Civil Code (TCC) for the first time gave people who had already undergone sex reassignment surgery

Yesim M. Atamer

2005-01-01

110

Screening and regulation of alkaline extracellular protease and ribonuclease production of Yarrowia lipolytica strains isolated and identified from different cheeses in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, 43 yeast strains were isolated from different types of cheese in Turkey and these isolates were identified\\u000a with both phenotypic tests and genotypic tests with 5.8S ITS-PCR. Also, the sequence of PCR fragments obtained from ITS-PCR\\u000a was analyzed by DNA sequencing. In the results of the phenotypic tests, 9 of 43 isolates were identified as Yarrowia lipolytica.

Onur Akp?nar; Füsun Uçar; H. Tansel Yalç?n

111

78 FR 21107 - Circular Welded Carbon Steel Pipes and Tubes from Turkey: Preliminary Results of Countervailing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zones Law B. Other Programs Not Used Post-Shipment Export Loans Export Credit Bank of Turkey Buyer Credits Subsidized Turkish Lira Credit Facilities Subsidized Credit for Proportion of Fixed Expenditures Subsidized Credit in Foreign Currency...

2013-04-09

112

Hydropower potential in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey has a total hydropower potential of 433 GW that is equal to 1.2% of the total hydropower potential of the world and to 14% of European hydropower potential. Only 125 GW of the total hydroelectric potential of Turkey can be economically used. By the commissioning of new hydropower plants, which are under construction, 34% of the economically usable potential

Kamil Kaygusuz

1999-01-01

113

Floating islands of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey abounds in both natural as well as cultural richness. Especially the natural assets located in developing regions have an important role to play in the economic life of such areas. The floating islands are one of these assets and have become an important research subject lately. Turkey is considered as a heaven of floating islands. Almost all geographical regions

Ihsan Bulut

2011-01-01

114

Turkey: Turkish Naval Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is critically important for Turkey to maintain sea border security against various types of threats and it is the mission of the Turkish Navy to contribute to Turkish defense policy by developing and maintaining a modern naval force in Turkey and abroa...

O. Cirika

2008-01-01

115

Turkey opens electricity markets as demand grows  

SciTech Connect

Turkey's growing power market has attracted investors and project developers for over a decade, yet their plans have been dashed by unexpected political or financial crises or, worse, obstructed by a lengthy bureaucratic approval process. Now, with a more transparent retail electricity market, government regulators and investors are bullish on Turkey. Is Turkey ready to turn the power on? This report closely examine Turkey's plans to create a power infrastructure capable of providing the reliable electricity supplies necessary for sustained economic growth. It was compiled with on-the-ground research and extensive interview with key industrial and political figures. Today, hard coal and lignite account for 21% of Turkey's electricity generation and gas-fired plants account for 50%. The Alfin Elbistan-B lignite-fired plant has attracted criticism for its lack of desulfurization units and ash dam facilities that have tarnished the industry's image. A 1,100 MW hard-coal fired plant using supercritical technology is under construction. 9 figs., 1 tab.

McKeigue, J.; Da Cunha, A.; Severino, D. [Global Business Reports (United States)

2009-06-15

116

Mercury: Laws and Regulations  

MedlinePLUS

... adopt water quality standards for their rivers, streams, lakes, and wetlands. These standards identify levels for pollutants, ... Final Rule - Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lake Systems (Great Lakes Initiative) - In l995, EPA and ...

117

A stochastic regulator for integrated communication and control systems. I - Formulation of control law. II - Numerical analysis and simulation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A state feedback control law for integrated communication and control systems (ICCS) is formulated by using the dynamic programming and optimality principle on a finite-time horizon. The control law is derived on the basis of a stochastic model of the plant which is augmented in state space to allow for the effects of randomly varying delays in the feedback loop. A numerical procedure for synthesizing the control parameters is then presented, and the performance of the control law is evaluated by simulating the flight dynamics model of an advanced aircraft. Finally, recommendations for future work are made.

Liou, Luen-Woei; Ray, Asok

1991-01-01

118

The Effects of Financial Liberalization and New Bank Entry on Market Structure and Competition in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

November 1997Promoting competition in Turkey's newly liberalized financial market requires striking a balance between potentially conflicting objectives and the risk entailed in financial deregulation. Banking must be regulated and well-supervised, but Turkey's banking system also needs to become far more competitive.Until 1980, Turkey's financial system was shaped to support state-oriented development. After the 1960s, the financial system, dominated by commercial

Cevdet Denizer

1999-01-01

119

Informatics in Turkey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the last twenty years the rapid change in the informatics sector has had economic and social impact on private and government activities. The Supreme Council for Science and Technology of Turkey assigned highest priority to the informatics in its meeting in February 1993. With this advice TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey) intends to give a strong impulse to development of a research policy in this field.

Cakir, Serhat

1994-01-01

120

A cross-cultural study on noise problems: Comparison of the results obtained in Japan, West Germany, the U.S.A., China and Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neighborhood noise has become a serious problem in many countries, and it is difficult to regulate by physical means alone. A cross-cultural survey was conducted in five countries, Japan, West Germany, the United States, China and Turkey, among residents of apartment houses in order to examine the cultural differences involved. Interesting differences were found in preferred countermeasures, highly annoying sounds, attitudes against noise, expectations for laws, etc. The use of loudspeakers in public places was accepted in all five countries, provided that they were used for conveying necessary information. The results suggest that it is important to take cultural or social backgrounds into consideration in order to find suitable countermeasures.

Namba, S.; Kuwano, S.; Schick, A.; Açlar, A.; Florentine, M.; Da Rui, Zheng

1991-12-01

121

Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as Adopted by the 94th National Conference on Weights and Measures 2009 and 95th National Conference on Weights and Measures 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

2011-01-01

122

NIST Handbook 130: Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality, as adopted by the 97th National Conference on Weights and Measures, 2012, 2013 Edition.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook compiles the latest Uniform Laws and Regulations and related interpretations and guidelines adopted by the National Conference on Weights and Measures, Inc. (NCWM). At the 1983 Annual Meeting, the NCWM voted to change the title of Handbook 1...

D. Sefcik L. Crown L. Warfield

2012-01-01

123

A Clash of Civilizations, or Differences in Economic Modernization? Examining Liberal-Democratic Values in Turkey and the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real and perceived political and cultural differences between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have undermined Turkey's EU application. The EU has rebuffed this predominantly Muslim, relatively poor country for failing to live up to the values of democracy, rule of law, and respect for and protection of human and minority rights. As part of the Copenhagen Criteria (1993), these

Jeffrey C. Dixon

124

The Interplay of Public Health Law and Industry Self-Regulation: The Case of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Sales in Schools  

PubMed Central

It is increasingly recognized that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes to childhood obesity. Most states have adopted laws that regulate the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in school settings. However, such policies have encountered resistance from consumer and parent groups, as well as the beverage industry. The beverage industry’s recent adoption of voluntary guidelines, which call for the curtailment of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, raises the question, Is further policy intervention in this area needed, and if so, what form should it take? We examine the interplay of public and private regulation of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, by drawing on a 50-state legal and regulatory analysis and a review of industry self-regulation initiatives.

Mello, Michelle M.; Pomeranz, Jennifer; Moran, Patricia

2008-01-01

125

Wild Turkey Populations and Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Study Objective: Determine the perceived and actual magnitude of crop damage by wild turkeys and the consequences of expanded hunting opportunity for turkeys in the primary range. Performance: Technology Transfer and Reports. Conduct technology transfer, ...

J. F. Kubisiak

1996-01-01

126

50 CFR 665.936 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.936 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.936 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

127

50 CFR 665.906 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.906 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.906 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

128

50 CFR 665.966 - International law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false International law. 665.966 Section 665...Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... § 665.966 International law. The regulations in this...accordance with international law. No restrictions...

2013-10-01

129

The laws, regulations, and industry practices that protect consumers who use electronic payment systems: credit and debit cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: This is the first in a series of three papers that examines the protections available to users of various electronic payment vehicles who fall victim to fraud, discover an error on their statement, or have a dispute with a merchant after making a purchase. Specifically, it examines in detail the federal and state laws that protect consumers in the

Mark Furletti; Stephen Smith

2005-01-01

130

76 FR 58137 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 U.S.C...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Supplement; Positive Law Codification of Title 41 U.S.C. (DFARS Case 2011-D036...throughout the DFARS to the new Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public Contracts...111-350 enacted a new codified version of Title 41, United States Code...

2011-09-20

131

The Sociology of International Economic Law: Sociological Analysis of the Regulation of Regional Agreements in the World Trading System  

Microsoft Academic Search

International economic law (IEL) is influenced by diverse theoretical approaches. This article emphasizes that international economic activity is a social phenomenon and international trade should also be conceived as a specific type of social interaction. The scarcity of sociological analysis in contemporary IEL literature does not diminish the influence of social factors that are active in the under-explored layer of

Moshe Hirsch

2008-01-01

132

Characterizing, Classifying, and Understanding Information Security Laws and Regulations: Considerations for Policymakers and Organizations Protecting Sensitive Information Assets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current scholarly understanding of information security regulation in the United States is limited. Several competing mechanisms exist, many of which are untested in the courts and before state regulators, and new mechanisms are being proposed on a regular basis. Perhaps of even greater concern, the pace at which technology and threats change far…

Thaw, David Bernard

2011-01-01

133

Western ground water law  

SciTech Connect

The bulk of western ground-water law is currently imposed at the state and local levels, and is highly variable in its technical provisions. Most ground water law is of recent origin (largely since the end of World War II) and continues to evolve through legislative enactments and judicial decisions. The principal purposes of ground water law are: (1) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers whose natural and artificial recharge is insufficient; (2) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers which supply or support the flow of surface water to prior vested ownership rights which take from streams, lakes, and springs; (3) to protect aquifers from pollution; and (4) to regulate the extraction or injection of ground water in areas prone to geologic instability. The law which attempts to achieve these objectives is a patchwork of federal constitutional principles and judicial doctrine; federal statutes and subsidiary regulations; state constitutional and statutory provisions developed from judicial interpretation; state common law; local ordinances and regulations. Because of the extent and complexity of this body of law, clear-cut answers to all but the most routine and narrow questions are difficult to ascertain. This is due partly to the fact that such questions arose infrequently prior to the time ground water assumed a major role in supplying the water needs of the west, and partly from earlier incomplete and faulty understandings of ground-water hydrology by the courts.

Not Available

1982-03-01

134

Law and the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)

Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

1982-01-01

135

Terrorism in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey has been fighting against the PKK (Kurdistan Worker Party) since 1985. The purpose of this study is to define what the PKK is, to explain origin of the Kurdish citizen, to define differences between the PKK and the Kurdish citizen and to try to fin...

Y. Oztekin

2000-01-01

136

Astronomy in Modern Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Present-day astronomy and its development in the recent history of Turkey are described. Current astronomy education in modern-day Turkish Republic from primary to high schools, including modern-day university education is discussed. Astronomical and space research together with the existing observatories and present-day Turkish astronomy in the global state is presented.

Eker, Zeki; Demircan, Osman, Kirbiyik, Halil; Bilir, Selcuk

2013-01-01

137

Special education in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This article presents the developments and current status of special education

Macid A. Melekoglu; Orhan Cakiroglu; Kimber W. Malmgren

2009-01-01

138

Wind energy in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind and wind energy has always played an important role in the historical and economical development of Asia Minor and the geographical area covered by the Republic of Turkey today. The ancient city of Troia probably became rich with harbor fees from commercial vessels, which could not sail up the Dardanelles because of strong north-easterly winds and swift currents. As

Mehmet Hana?asio?lu

1999-01-01

139

Special Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality and the prevalence of education are the major indicators of the development of a society. It is a kind of human right to every person living in the society to be educated in a sufficient way. The education of the disabled people, a social reality in Turkey, is not sufficiently carried out. This paper aims at the education of the…

Eres, Figen

2010-01-01

140

Special Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special education has been gaining intense attention from governments and educators throughout the world. As a developing country, and official candidate for the European Union, Turkey has been working on issues related to special education provision and inclusive education to improve the quality of services for citizens with disabilities. This…

Melekoglu, Macid A.; Cakiroglu, Orhan; Malmgren, Kimber W.

2009-01-01

141

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

142

NATO and Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NATO has provided a general balance of power and European stability since the late 1940's. The Southern flank is vital to NATO not only from a military standpoint but also economically. Turkey plays a vital role in defending the Southern flank of NATO by ...

I. Gurdal

1987-01-01

143

Cloning Creationism in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines how political balances and changes in Turkey effect creation-evolution relation. Describes the influences of Bilim Arastirma Vakfi (BAV) on these changes, which are directly targeted to public education, and discusses the content of creationism. Questions why Islamic creationism is a copy of that of the Institute for Creation Research…

Edis, Taner

1999-01-01

144

Informatics in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the last twenty years the rapid change in the informatics sector has had economic and social impact on private and government activities. The Supreme Council for Science and Technology of Turkey assigned highest priority to the informatics in its meeti...

S. Cakir

1994-01-01

145

Country Profiles, Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile of Turkey is sketched in this paper. Emphasis is placed on the nature, scope, and accomplishments of population activities in the country. Topics and sub-topics include: location and description of the country; population (size, growth patterns, age structure, urban/rural distribution, ethnic and religious composition, migration,…

Anderson, Lewis S.

146

German law: the differences.  

PubMed

Medical device regulations in Germany are changing. The first amendment of the Medical Device Law, the MPG, is in preparation. Four decrees on medical devices are also being discussed by the Bundesrat, the Federal Council. This article summarizes what manufacturers, distributors and users should know about the German device regulations. PMID:10174630

Müller-Lierheim, W G

1997-11-01

147

42 CFR 486.100 - Condition for coverage: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws and regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SUPPLIERS Conditions for Coverage: Portable X-Ray Services § 486.100 Condition...regulations. The supplier of portable X-ray services is in conformity with all...licensure or registration of suppliers of X-ray services, the supplier is...

2013-10-01

148

Family practice in Turkey.  

PubMed

The national project 'Transformation in Health' was started in 2005 to provide expert primary care by family physicians, and decrease expenses in Turkey. The number of family physicians was far below the need, so public physicians were promoted to family physician status after a 10-day intensive course. The government declared some satisfactory results, but privately paid family physicians were not accepted into the system. Furthermore, the government stopped paying for their services from private settings. Some family physicians became unemployed as the major payer for all forms of medical care in Turkey denied their services. The process showed it's value in time. Nevertheless, family physicians should be the core of this transformation as family medicine is an academic and a scientific discipline and a primary care-oriented specialty with its own specific educational content, research and base of evidence, which cannot be achieved through standard medical education. PMID:24682837

Ozsahin, Akatli Kursad

2014-03-01

149

Terrorism in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, terrorism has exacted an enormous toll on the Republic of Turkey, a secular democracy with a 99.8% Muslim population. From 1984 to 2000, an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 Turkish citizens were killed by a nearly continuous stream of terrorism-related events. During this period, the Partiya Karekeren Kurdistan (PKK), a Kurdish separatist group (re-named KADEK in

Ulkumen Rodoplu; Jeffrey Arnold; Gurkan Ersoy

150

Suicide terrorism in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the PKK's suicide attacks in Turkey of summer 1999 still fresh in people's minds, Prof. Do?u Ergil draws on the few Turkish?language accounts about the subject, one only newly?available, to profile the organisation's approach to suicide terrorism. He does this by examining the culture to which those chosen to be ‘live bombs’ are part of and places all within

Do?u Ergil

2000-01-01

151

Nursing in Turkey.  

PubMed

The current discussion on the nursing shortage needs to focus as much on nursing job satisfaction and retention as on nursing recruitment and education. Selected aspects of the motivational psychology of Abraham Maslow, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and Frederick Hertzberg are here discussed in light of the challenges-opportunities of nursing in Turkey and elsewhere. Also discussed is an innovative program to support the application of nursing theory and professional development in Toronto, Canada. PMID:16982724

Baumann, Steven L

2006-10-01

152

Neotectonics of Turkey – a synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey forms one of the most actively deforming regions in the world and has a long history of devastating earthquakes. The better understanding of its neotectonic features and active tectonics would provide insight, not only for the country but also for the entire Eastern Mediterranean region. Active tectonics of Turkey is the manifestation of collisional intracontinental convergence- and tectonic escape-related

Erdin Bozkurt

2001-01-01

153

Turkey: Informatics and Economic Modernization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 1980s, Turkey laid the foundation for its transition to an information-based economy (IBE). Nevertheless, when compared to peer-group countries that targeted informatics as a catalyst for economic modernization, Turkey has not yet adequately de...

1993-01-01

154

Kepler's Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Johannes KEPLER published his three laws in 1609 and 1618 (table 1). Based on the very precise observations of Mars' orbit made by Tycho Brahe, and developed in the Copernican system, they describe the shape of the orbit of the planets around the Sun as an ellipse (first law), explain how the planets move around the Sun (second law) and

B. Mosser

2001-01-01

155

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

156

Turkey's energy demand and supply  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present article is to investigate Turkey's energy demand and the contribution of domestic energy sources to energy consumption. Turkey, the 17th largest economy in the world, is an emerging country with a buoyant economy challenged by a growing demand for energy. Turkey's energy consumption has grown and will continue to grow along with its economy. Turkey's energy consumption is high, but its domestic primary energy sources are oil and natural gas reserves and their production is low. Total primary energy production met about 27% of the total primary energy demand in 2005. Oil has the biggest share in total primary energy consumption. Lignite has the biggest share in Turkey's primary energy production at 45%. Domestic production should be to be nearly doubled by 2010, mainly in coal (lignite), which, at present, accounts for almost half of the total energy production. The hydropower should also increase two-fold over the same period.

Balat, M. [Sila Science, Trabzon (Turkey)

2009-07-01

157

Water law  

SciTech Connect

Water law overlaps a number of legal fields beyond the narrow scope the term implies. These include environmental law, natural resources law, real property law, and tort law. This diversity can pose problems for those water resource administrators, consultants, and other professionals who need access to the latest legal decisions, but who cannot find the needed information in one single, convenient, and easily understood form. This new book is designed to present recent developments in water law on a level that can be easily understood, with a minimum of ''legalese.'' No prior knowledge of the law or legal system is necessary to understand the material, and all legal terms are explained in the text.

Goldfarb, W.

1984-01-01

158

Sphingolipidoses in Turkey.  

PubMed

During the last 5 years 2057 children under the age of 5 with various neurologic symptoms with the suspected diagnosis of lysosomal storage diseases were referred to our hospital from different universities and state hospitals. We were able to separate sphingolipidoses by lysosomal enzyme screening. A total of 300 patients (15%) with sphingolipidoses were diagnosed; there were deficiencies of arylsulfatase A [metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD)] in 93 (31%), hexosaminidase [Sandhoff disease (SHD)] in 62 (20.7%), hexosaminidase A [Tay-Sachs disease (TSD)] in 15 (5%), beta-galactosidase (GM1 gangliosidosis) in 35 (11.7%), alpha-galactosidase (Fabry disease) in one (0.3%) cerebroside beta-galactosidase (Krabbe disease) in 65 (21.7%) and glucosylceramidase (Gaucher disease) in 29 (9.6%). SHD (20.7%), MLD (31%) and Krabbe disease (21.7%) were common. Prenatal enzymatic diagnosis was made in 70 at risk pregnancies, 64 for TSD and SHD, three for MLD and three for GM1 gangliosidosis by using chorionic villus biopsy in 54, cord blood samples in 12 and cultured amniotic fluid cells in four. Seventeen fetuses were found to be affected. We have calculated the relative frequency and minimum incidence of sphingolipidoses in Turkey. The combined incidence of sphingolipidoses is 4.615 per 100,000 live births. The calculated incidences are 1.43, 0.95, 1, 0.23, 0.54, 0.45, 0.015 per 100,000 live births for MLD, SHD, Krabbe, Gaucher, TSD, GM1 gangliosidosis and Fabry diseases, respectively. The real incidence, which covers all subtypes of this group of diseases, should be greater than this number. The results suggested that, as a group, sphingolipidoses are relatively common and represent an important health problem in Turkey and some rare autosomal recessive diseases of Turkey are due to 'founder effect' created by consanguineous marriages. PMID:15275696

Ozkara, Hatice Asuman; Topçu, Meral

2004-09-01

159

Chemical exergies of some coals in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

Exergy analysis is a general method for efficiency analysis of systems and processes. The use of the exergy concept and the analysis of ultimate efficiencies of processes is more or less still limited to the academic world. There are several reasons why its industrial use is still limited. To overcome some of the difficulties in industrial applications of energy analysis, it has made use of exergy analysis. The chemical exergy of a substance is the maximum work that can be obtained from it by taking it to chemical equilibrium with the reference environment at a constant temperature and pressure. The first law analysis gives only the quantity of energy, while the second law defines the quality of energy also. The projected increase in coal utilization in power plants makes it desirable to evaluate the energy content of coal both quantitatively and qualitatively. In the present study, the chemical exergies of some coals of good quality in Turkey were calculated with the BASIC program by using second law analysis and the results were given as tabulated.

Kaygusuz, K. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

2009-07-01

160

Dynamic between National Identity and Foreign Policy in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recently, Turkey's foreign policy has undergone some considerable changes. In order to understand why this has occurred, and where Turkey's foreign policy will likely go in the future, one must examine Turkey's national identity. Today, Turkey's dominant ...

I. W. Bullen

2009-01-01

161

Modelling (18)O2 and (16)O2 unidirectional fluxes in plants. IV: role of conductance and laws of its regulation in C3 plants.  

PubMed

Numerous studies focus on the measurement of conductances for CO2 transfer in plants and especially on their regulatory effects on photosynthesis. Measurement accuracy is strongly dependent on the model used and on the knowledge of the flow of photochemical energy generated by light in chloroplasts. The only accurate and precise method to quantify the linear electron flux (responsible for the production of reductive energy) is the direct measurement of O2 evolution, by (18)O2 labelling and mass spectrometry. The sharing of this energy between the carboxylation (P) and the oxygenation of photorespiration (PR) depends on the plant specificity factor (Sp) and on the corresponding atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and O2 (André, 2013). The concept of plant specificity factor simplifies the equations of the model. It gives a new expression of the effect of the conductance (g) between atmosphere and chloroplasts. Its quantitative effect on photosynthesis is easy to understand because it intervenes in the ratio of the plant specificity factor (Sp) to the specificity of Rubisco (Sr). Using this 'simple' model with the data of (18)O2 experiments, the calculation of conductance variations in response to CO2 and light was carried out. The good fitting of experimental data of O2 and CO2 exchanges confirms the validity of the simple model. The calculation of conductance variation during the increase of external CO2 concentration reveals a linear law of regulation between external and internal CO2 concentrations. During CO2 variations, the effects of g regulation tend to maintain a higher level of oxygenation (PR) in expense of a better carboxylation (P). Contrary to CO2, the variation of O2 creates a negative feedback effect compatible with a stabilization of atmospheric O2. The regulation of g amplifies this result. The effect of light in combination with CO2 is more complex. Below 800?molquantam(-2)s(-1) the ratio PR/P is maintained unchangeable in expense of carboxylation efficiency. Above that irradiance value, PR/P increases dramatically. It appears that the saturation curves of photosynthesis under high light could be simply due to the regulation by the conductance g and not by any biochemical or biophysical limitation. In conclusion, the regulatory effect of conductance operates in a way that it preserves the rate of photorespiration. This confirms a positive and protective role of photorespiration at the biochemical, whole plant and atmosphere levels. Since the effects of photorespiration are linked to the properties of Rubisco, they add new arguments for a co-evolution of plant and atmosphere, including the evolution of CO2 conductance. PMID:23318161

André, Marcel J

2013-08-01

162

50 CFR 680.3 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Relation to other laws. 680.3 Section...Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT... Relation to other laws. (a) King and... (1) Additional laws and regulations governing the conservation and...

2013-10-01

163

Should consensus be 'the commission method' in the US? The perspective of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, regulations, and case law.  

PubMed

This paper examines the drive for consensus from the perspective of the good government framework for federal advisory commissions in the United States. Specifically, the paper examines the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA)--the statute, its regulations, and case law. It shows that the FACA was intended to be an antidote to abuses in consensus-making processes, including the failure to fully include competing views on commissions. The index of suspicion in the FACA scheme rises when a group work product--including a consensus report--is to be the basis of recommendations to federal officials. Once FACA's requirements regarding committee composition are satisfied, the index of suspicion drops and FACA is indifferent to consensus-making; but the conditions for informed, meaningful participation apply to members who dissent from, as well as those who participate in, consensus. In negotiated rulemaking, the push for consensus and closure creates unacceptable tension with the good government goals of openness and accountability. Proponents of consensus-only bioethics commissions can learn from FACA-related legislative, agency, and judicial insights that consensus-seeking is not always desired by government officials; is rarely cost free; and that diversity and dissent enhance openness, accountability, and fairness. The burden of proof is therefore on proponents of a consensus-only standard for bioethics commissions to demonstrate that a drive for consensus furthers sound decision-making by government officials more than it sets back openness and accountability to a diverse public. PMID:14569979

Spielman, Bethany

2003-08-01

164

Hierarchical structure of Turkey’s foreign trade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine the hierarchical structures of Turkey’s foreign trade by using real prices of their commodity export and import move together over time. We obtain the topological properties among the countries based on Turkey’s foreign trade during the 1996-2010 period by using the concept of hierarchical structure methods (minimal spanning tree, (MST) and hierarchical tree, (HT)). These periods are divided into two subperiods, such as 1996-2002 and 2003-2010, in order to test various time-window and observe the temporal evolution. We perform the bootstrap techniques to investigate a value of the statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We also use a clustering linkage procedure in order to observe the cluster structure much better. From the structural topologies of these trees, we identify different clusters of countries according to their geographical location and economic ties. Our results show that the DE (Germany), UK (United Kingdom), FR (France), IT (Italy) and RU (Russia) are more important within the network, due to a tighter connection with other countries. We have also found that these countries play a significant role for Turkey’s foreign trade and have important implications for the design of portfolio and investment strategies.

Kantar, Ersin; Deviren, Bayram; Keskin, Mustafa

2011-10-01

165

The law of toxic substances.  

PubMed

The law of toxic substances dates back to Medieval England, but the present comprehensive federal regulatory scheme was developed over the past two decades. This article presents a brief overview of the federal law of air and water pollution, solid waste control, and the regulation of chemicals. PMID:540601

Garrett, T L

1979-10-01

166

The law of toxic substances.  

PubMed Central

The law of toxic substances dates back to Medieval England, but the present comprehensive federal regulatory scheme was developed over the past two decades. This article presents a brief overview of the federal law of air and water pollution, solid waste control, and the regulation of chemicals.

Garrett, T L

1979-01-01

167

Turkey's foreign dependence on energy  

SciTech Connect

Turkey becomes more dependent on the external countries in energy production every year. As an average of the period 1994-2002 the total primary energy production has been 27.9 Mtoe, and consumption has been 73.06 Mtoe, so Turkey is dependent on external countries in petroleum, natural gas, and hard coal consumption. The external dependency rate of these fuels has been at levels of 89.3%, 96.6%, and 82%, respectively. In the projections of Turkey for 2020, the primary energy consumption is estimated to be 298 Mtoe, production is estimated to be 70 Mtoe, the ratio of production to consumption will be reduced to 23.5%, and this situation will cause serious risks for sustainable development. In other words, Turkey will have to import 76.5% of the energy that it consumes in the 2020s.

Uslu, T. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Mining Engineering

2008-07-01

168

Applied Material Science in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers visits to several of Turkey's leading technical institutions and provides a survey of some of their facilities and ongoing research in applied material science; primarily with minerals, ceramics, polymers, and elastic constants. The ins...

L. Cartz

1987-01-01

169

Focal Degenerative Myopathy in Turkeys.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Approximately 10% of a large flock of Broad-Breasted White tom turkeys was clinically affected by lameness, varying degrees of locomotor incoordination, and poor weight gains. Some of the affected birds also exhibited torticollis. Muscle tissue from turke...

R. R. Maronpot T. J. Bucci M. A. Stedham

1968-01-01

170

Water law  

SciTech Connect

The author pays particular attention to recent amendments to the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, and hazardous waste statutes. Concludes with a new chapter on regional land-use controls to safeguard water quality. This book is revised to explain the nature of law and the relationships among water law, science, water uses, water rights, and water resources management.

Goldfarb, W.

1988-01-01

171

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

172

Devastating Earthquake in Turkey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The death toll will pass 10,000 today from Tuesday's earthquake, which measured 7.4 on the Richter scale and shattered a 400-mile stretch from northwestern Turkey to areas near central Ankara. Relief officials have publicly stated that they fear the worst for the estimated 35,000 people who remain trapped beneath rubble, as most will now have been without water for more than 72 hours. In addition to locating and rescuing survivors, the Turkish Government and international aid workers are working feverishly to organize relief efforts, prevent the spread of disease, repair damaged infrastructure, and contain a massive fire at the country's largest oil refinery. The sites listed provide information about this horrible act of nature

De Nie, Michael W.

173

33 CFR 19.01 - Procedures for effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations. 19... GENERAL WAIVERS OF NAVIGATION AND VESSEL INSPECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS 1 ...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations....

2013-07-01

174

46 CFR 6.01 - Procedures for effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations. 6...THE PUBLIC WAIVERS OF NAVIGATION AND VESSEL INSPECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS 1 ...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations....

2013-10-01

175

Country Analysis Briefs: Turkey, April 17, 2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey's importance in world energy markets is growing, both as a regional energy transit hub and as a growing consumer. Turkey's energy demand has increased rapidly over the past few years and likely will continue to grow in the future.

2014-01-01

176

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

177

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Dimauro, Mr. T.

2009-01-12

178

Lawful Inspections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sanitarian often spends much of his working day performing, reviewing, or supervising inspections. It is important that the sanitarian realize the legal implications of inspections and be prepared to perform them in accordance with the law. (RE)

Sikora, Vincent A.

1979-01-01

179

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive simulation of Ohm’s law, adapted from the University of Colorado's Physics Education Technology project, adjust the voltage and resistance in a circuit, and observe how this affects the flow of current.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-04-19

180

Attitudes of oncologists toward euthanasia in Turkey.  

PubMed

There have been intensive debates about euthanasia and attempts to change laws on euthanasia in all countries. What doctors and particularly oncologists think about euthanasia must be taken into consideration, as their voices are crucial in this dialogue. The aim of this study was to find out how Turkish doctors approach euthanasia in the context of cancer. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 85 oncologists out of a total 800 in active oncology practice. Of the oncologists surveyed, 43.8% did not object to euthanasia. Some 33.7% had been asked to perform euthanasia and 41.5% believed that euthanasia was performed secretly although it is against the law in Turkey. Forty-two doctors (50.6%) noted that they had withdrawn treatment in patients. Doctors who encounter terminally ill patients with cancer should update their knowledge about patients' rights and euthanasia. Doctors, who are often asked to perform euthanasia, especially in the cancer setting, can help to illuminate the debates about euthanasia. PMID:16594461

Mayda, Atilla Senih; Ozkara, Erdem; Corapçio?lu, Funda

2005-09-01

181

Time's Up, Turkey--Pop-Up Thermometers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meat thermometers can be awkward to use in terms of placement and avoidance of bones. Because of these problems, each year 30 million Thanksgiving turkeys have a built-in thermometer that pops up when the turkey is properly cooked. Turkey timers are an example of how engineering solved a common, everyday problem. The following 5E learning cycle…

Moyer, Richard; Everett, Susan

2009-01-01

182

Coal as an Energy Source in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to investigate many aspects of coal as an energy source in Turkey, giving the structure of the Turkish coal industry, Turkey's coal reserves, and environmental concerns. Turkey has mainly hard coal (HC) and lignite (LG) reserves with 1,126 million tons (Mt) and 8,375 Mt as of 1999, respectively. Rich LG deposits are spread all

ARIF HEPBASLI

2004-01-01

183

Management Plan for Wild Turkeys in Pennsylvania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is native to North America. Of six subspecies, the eastern wild turkey (M. g. silvestris) is the only one to have occurred in Pennsylvania. Wild turkeys are our largest gallinaceous game bird. The males, or gobblers, ...

W. E. Drake

1999-01-01

184

School Law: A Selected Bibliography to Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A bibliography containing annotated entries concentrates on school law but is relevant to all areas of law and court litigation. Entries are grouped under the following categories: (1) guides to legal research; (2) indexes; (3) law dictionaries, encyclopedias, directories, and handbooks; (4) federal statutes, reports, rules, and regulations; (5)…

Norman, O. Gene, Comp.

185

Turkey vulture surveys in Cuba  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Turkey Vultures (Cathartes aura), were surveyed monthly in Cuba from March 1982-January 1983. A total of 25371 vultures were tallied in 7186 km (3.5 vultures/transect km) of roadside counting along main highways leading from the city of La Habana (northwestern Cuba) to the city of Las Tunas (southeast). Numbers of vultures counted declined substantially beyond 200 m from the transect road. Density of vultures observed within 200 m of the road along the transect route was 0.06/ha. Highest counts were obtained in March, April and June. Turkey Vulture flying activity was greatest during the periods 0900-1200 H and 1400-1700 H.

Wotzkow, C.; Wiley, J.W.

1988-01-01

186

Turkey’s Kurdish Problem: Steps Toward a Solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep Kurdish and Turkish mistrust for each other, continuing PKK terrorist activity, the inadequacy of the government's reform measures, and the divided leadership of the Kurdish community are among many factors inhibiting a democratic solution of Turkey's Kurdish problem. This article recommends several measures for immediate implementation, including: “civic action” training for Turkish military and security personnel; open-ended conversations between

Emrullah Uslu

2007-01-01

187

Labour migration from Turkey.  

PubMed

This study is concerned with Turkish labor migration to Western Europe. Earlier and recent patterns of labor migration, characteristics of migrants by occupation, area of destination, and by geographical origins are discussed. Economic and demographic consequences of labor migration are also analyzed. It is estimated that Turkey's population will reach 73 million at the year 2000 with the present growth rate of 2.48% annually. Considering the efforts made to slow down the present high fertility rates and assuming that the decrease in labor force participation during 1970-1980 continues, the author concludes that the labor supply will increase with a growth rate of 2% annually for the next 13-15 years. Thus, the labor supply will reach 26.6 million people in the year 2000 from the 1980 level of 17.8 million. Assuming also that the income/employment elasticity of .25 which was observed throughout the period of 1960-1980 will not change until 2000, the annual growth rate of employment may be estimated as 1.5%. Thus, the number of people employed will reach 20 million in the year 1990 and 23.2 million in the year 2000. 8.8 million people will join the labor market as new entrants between 1980 and 2000. Only 6 million people out of 8.8 million will be employed. Thus, in the year 2000, it is estimated that 2.8 million new unemployed people will be added to the already open unemployment figure 1980 census data give the number of unemployed as .6 million people. Adding the 2.8 million new unemployed to this figure totals 3.4 million unemployed in 2000. The State Planning Organization's estimate of labor surplus for 1980 was 2.5 million people. When 2.8 million unemployed people are added to this figure, the labor surplus for the year 2000 reaches 5.3 million people. PMID:12342136

Uner, S

1988-01-01

188

World Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consultant paper is intended to provide information useful to a goal of this curriculum development project in the war/peace field, that is to encourage students to search intelligently for alternatives to war. The most fundamental assumptions used in thinking about international law are described, including some assumptions about systemic…

Marvin, David

189

Contracting Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revised and updated to 2006, the fourth edition of Contracting Law continues the clear explanations of contract doctrine, engaging cases, and thought-provoking cultural and historical materials that have made this casebook a favorite of students and professors. Students and faculty appreciate the fact that no separate statutory supplement is necessary. Selected provisions from the Restatement Second of Contracts and the

Deborah Waire Post; Amy Hilsman Kastely; Nancy Ota; Sharon K. Hom

2006-01-01

190

9 CFR 146.43 - Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants. 146.43 Section...meat-type turkey slaughter plants. Participating meat-type turkey slaughter...meat-type turkey slaughter plant. A participating meat-type turkey...

2010-01-01

191

9 CFR 146.43 - Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Terminology and classification; meat-type turkey slaughter plants. 146.43 Section...meat-type turkey slaughter plants. Participating meat-type turkey slaughter...meat-type turkey slaughter plant. A participating meat-type turkey...

2009-01-01

192

Suicide in Batman, Southeastern Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The southeastern part of Turkey has comparatively high female suicide rates. We aimed to research social, economic, cultural, and psychiatric reasons of suicides in Batman in a case-controlled psychological autopsy study comparing suicides with matched community controls. The female suicide rate was 9.3 per 100.000 and the female/male ratio was…

Altindag, Abdurrahman; Ozkan, Mustafa; Oto, Remzi

2005-01-01

193

Human Metapneumovirus in Turkey Poults  

PubMed Central

This study was conducted to reexamine the hypothesis that human metapneumovirus (hMPV) will not infect turkeys. Six groups of 2-week-old turkeys (20 per group) were inoculated oculonasally with 1 of the following: noninfected cell suspension; hMPV genotype A1, A2, B1, or B2; or avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) subtype C. Poults inoculated with hMPV showed nasal discharge days 4–9 postexposure. Specific viral RNA and antigen were detected by reverse-transcription PCR and immunohistochemical evaluation, respectively, in nasal turbinates of birds exposed to hMPV. Nasal turbinates of hMPV-infected turkeys showed inflammatory changes and mucus accumulation. Each of the 4 hMPV genotypes caused a transient infection in turkeys as evidenced by clinical signs, detection of hMPV in turbinates, and histopathologic examination. Detailed investigation of cross-species pathogenicity of hMPV and aMPV and its importance for human and animal health is needed.

Velayudhan, Binu T.; Nagaraja, Kakambi V.; Thachil, Anil J.; Shaw, Daniel P.; Gray, Gregory C.

2006-01-01

194

Self-Study Guide: Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this self-study guide is to provide basic background information on Turkey for persons being assigned there. The guide tries to present the information in a way that individuals can obtain a better understanding of the country and, as a res...

2010-01-01

195

Renewable energy policies in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achieving solution to environmental problems that we face today requires long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions. Although, Turkey has substantial reserves of renewable energy resources, actual utilization of these resources are quite low.The aim of this study is to investigate the renewable

Durmus Kaya

2006-01-01

196

Women in physics in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study tries to tackle improving women's participation in physics in Turkey, and at the same time gather statistical data that could be evaluated against other nations' progress on this issue. The most important aim of this discussion is to prevent the underutilization of potentially qualified women in science.

Er, Zuhal; U?ur, ?aziye; Akta?, Demet Kaya

2013-03-01

197

Ampere's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampere's law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

198

The laws of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of situational meaning, the law of concern, the law of reality, the laws of change,

Nico H. Frijda

1988-01-01

199

AID and the law  

PubMed Central

The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (AID) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of AID as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The AID child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with AID are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to AID this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of AID and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.

Cusine, D J

1975-01-01

200

Protection of turkeys against Chlamydophila psittaci challenge by parenteral and mucosal inoculations and the effect of turkey interferon-? on genetic immunization  

PubMed Central

Plasmid DNA (pcDNA1::MOMP A) expressing the major outer membrane protein of an avian Chlamydophila psittaci serovar A strain was tested for its ability to induce protective immunity against challenge with the same C. psittaci serovar. A combined parenteral (intramuscular injection) and mucosal route (DNA drops administered to the nares) of DNA inoculation was compared to three other, different routes of administration (intramuscular inoculation, DNA drops administered to the nares and aerosol immunization). In addition, the effect of turkey interferon gamma (tIFN-?) on intramuscular immunization was evaluated by co-expressing pCIneo::tIFN-?. A significant level of protection was observed in turkeys immunized via the combined parenteral/mucosal route, the intramuscular route or by aerosol. Severe clinical signs and lesions were observed in the non-vaccinated control groups, in 80% of turkeys inoculated with a mixture of pcDNA1::MOMP A and pCIneo::tIFN-?, and in 60% of turkeys vaccinated with DNA drops administered to the nares. The use of MOMP-based DNA vaccination as a means of preventing severe clinical signs and lesions in a turkey model of C. psittaci infection was demonstrated, as was down-regulation of the immune response by co-expression of tIFN-?.

VANROMPAY, DAISY; COX, ERIC; KAISER, PETE; LAWSON, SHELLY; VAN LOOCK, MARNIX; VOLCKAERT, GUIDO; GODDEERIS, BRUNO

2001-01-01

201

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

202

University Freedom in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Freedom means the right of the universities to do their scientific activities and to regulate and do the higher education through their organs. The three feet that make up the university freedom are scientific freedom, administrative freedom and financial freedom. Scientific freedom is realized by the freedom of the faculty and teaching staff and…

Dolasir, Semiyha

2006-01-01

203

A Relationship between Lotka's Law, Bradford's Law, and Zipf's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A common functional relationship among Lotka's law, Bradford's law, and Zipf's law is derived. The proof takes explicit account of the sequences of observed values of the variables by means of an index. This approach results in a more realistic and precise formulation of each law. (Author/EM)

Chen, Ye-Sho; Leimkuhler, Ferdinand F.

1986-01-01

204

Exact law of live nature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exact law of mortality dynamics in changing populations and environment is derived. It includes no explicit characteristics of animal- environment interactions (metabolism etc) which are a must for life; it is universal for all animals, from single cell yeast to humans, with their drastically different biology, evolutionary history, and complexity; it is rapidly (within few percent of life span) reversible. Such law is unique for live systems with their homeostatic self-adjustment to environment (cf. thermodynamics of liquids and glasses). The law which is valid for all live, and only live, systems is their specific natural law. Mortality is an instrument of natural selection and biological diversity. Its law, which is preserved in evolution of all species, is a conservation law of mortality, selection, evolution, biology. The law implies new kind of intrinsic mortality and adaptation which dominate in evolutionary unprecedented protected populations and, in contrast to species specific natural selection, proceed via universal stepwise rungs and reduce to universal cellular mechanism. The law demonstrates that intrinsic mortality and at least certain aspects of aging are disposable evolutionary byproducts, and directed genetic and/or biological changes may yield healthy and vital Methuselah lifespan. This is consistent with experiments. Universality implies that single cell yeast may provide a master key to the cellular mechanism of universal mortality, aging, selection, evolution, and its regulation in all animals. One may look for its manifestations in animal cells also, e.g., in their replicative senescence and cancer. Evolutionary origin and genetic nature of universality are suggested.

Azbel, Mark Ya.

2005-07-01

205

Monitoring and Measures on Pops in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey signed the Stockholm Convention on May 23, 2001, with the objective of protecting human health and environment, focusing\\u000a on eliminating or reducing releases of 12 POPs, the “Dirty Dozen”. Turkey has developed its National Implementation Plan (NIP)\\u000a as a Party to the Stockholm Convention. The NIP sets out how the Stockholm Convention is being implemented in Turkey and outlines

Özcan Ceylan

206

Forget English Freedom, Remember Atlantic Slavery: Common Law, Commercial Law and the Significance of Slavery for Classical Political Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is the liberty to pursue individual self-interest in the capitalist market all that remains of the grand Enlightenment promise of human emancipation? The article addresses this question by returning to eighteenth century scholarship on the relationship between English common law and commercial law. Specifically, I explore the fundamental challenge posed to common law by the regulation, through commercial law, of

Robbie Shilliam

2012-01-01

207

[Plant poisoning cases in Turkey].  

PubMed

In Turkey, the majority of the population live in rural areas where they use wild plants as food and medicine. The confusion of an edible plant with a poisonous one give rise to serious poisoning which may even result in death. The incidence of plant poisoning in Turkey is about 6% and especially high among children between ages of 2 and 11 living in rural areas. The number of species that cause poisoning is around twenty and Hyoscyamus niger (Solanaceae), Colchicum species (Liliaceae), Conium maculatum (Umbelliferae) and Prunus species (Rosaceae) are the most important. Mushroom poisoning is more frequent in spring and fall. The main reasons are their widespread usage as food and the inexperience of the gatherers in distinguishing the edibles from the poisonous. Amanita phalloides, A. verna, A. muscaria, A. pantherina are responsible for severe cases of poisoning. PMID:7857034

Oztekin-Mat, A

1994-01-01

208

Turkey: World Oil Report 1991  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on a marked oil production increase, an exploration program in the Black Sea and the planned development of an offshore gas field in the Sea of Mamara in Turkey. The production increase stems from development of new fields in southeastern Turkey by Turkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortakligi (TPAO), the national oil company. Discovered in 1989, development of Kahta, Karakus, Cendere and several other nearby finds have pushed Turkish crude output to the highest level in 14 years. Last May, BP entered into a three-year joint venture with TPAO to explore a 29,344 sq mi area in the Black Sea in waters to 6,500+ ft deep. The three-year program calls for BP to run seismic this year followed by its Airborne Laser Fluorosensor survey technique. Drilling will depend on survey results.

Not Available

1991-08-01

209

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

210

Cerebral encephalomalacia in commercial turkeys.  

PubMed

A flock of 9 1/2-week-old commercial tom turkeys experienced high mortality after consuming a complete feed containing an unidentified toxic substance. Initially, turkeys were found dead. Clinically, the birds were calm and still but became hyperexcitable with noise. A small percentage of birds exhibited torticollis, opisthotonos, circling, ataxia, and blindness. Findings at necropsy and upon microscopic examination were bilaterally symmetrical areas of necrosis of the cerebral hemispheres in the area of the neostriatum that were well demarcated from the surrounding normal neuropil. A feeding trial with the suspect feed in twelve 4-week-old turkey hens induced clinical disease and gross and microscopic brain changes similar to those observed in the field case. Analyses for the following substances in the suspect feed were either negative or within acceptable limits: salt, selenium, furazolidone, monensin, amprolium, 3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid, aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, ochratoxin, fumonisin, organophosphates, chlorinated hydrocarbons, and carbamates. The toxic component of the feed remains unidentified. PMID:8257395

Ficken, M D; Cummings, T S; Wages, D P

1993-01-01

211

Underage mothers in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Background All individuals under the age of 18 are considered as children by the Convention on the Rights of Children. Underage mothers are a pediatric-age group of children that become pregnant and give birth. It may be unfamiliar in Western countries, but in Middle-Eastern countries ruled by religious laws and old-fashioned traditions, it is common for an older man to marry a girl. The aim of this study was to describe the status of underage mothers within the framework of children’s rights and to draw attention to this issue. We presented this study to increase awareness and sensitivity, and to scrutinize and discuss these topics. Material/Methods We retrospectively investigated cases of underaged pregnant girls who applied to Forensic Science Department outpatient clinics and Obstetrics and Gynecology Department outpatient clinics of Gaziosmanpasa University Faculty of Medicine between 2003 and 2013. Results We accessed records of 163 underage mothers (?18 age). Mean age was 16.9±0.83 (14–18 years). Gravida and parity rates increased proportionately with increasing age. Most of our cases were 16 and 17 years of age (n: 117, 71.8%). Conclusions Underage motherhood is not only a medical issue; it is a multi-dimensional problem with social, economic, traditional, religious, and legal aspects.

Ozer, Erdal; Nacar, Mehmet Can; Yildirim, Ali; Enginyurt, Ozgur; Din, Hasan; Evcuman, Durmus

2014-01-01

212

Making School Bully Laws Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, bully prevention activities moved from the local districts to the state houses where legislators amended public school laws to incorporate safety regulations. For instance, the 2001 authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, referred to as No Child Left Behind, included the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and…

Zeman, Laura Dreuth; Edmondson, Lynne

2011-01-01

213

What Does the Law Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author provides legal explanations to the following concerns: (1) case law on specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility; (2) recent developments on response to intervention (RTI); (3) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) rules; and (4) the Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) regulation. The author's…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2011-01-01

214

Are Compulsory Attendance Laws Outdated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators are increasingly critical of State compulsory education laws. Argues that these regulations do little to assure that the basic goals of schooling are achieved. Commenting briefly on this thesis are Sidney P. Marland, Jr., B. Frank Brown, John Brubacher, Paul Salmon, and Juanita Jones. (Author)

Johnson, Howard M.

1973-01-01

215

Turkey's Political Identity: East vs. West?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a secular Islamic nation, Turkey has not only been an ally of the West but also the bridge to relations with the East. Turkey's secular nature is attributed to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's political, economic, and cultural reforms, which took place during the establishment of the Turkish Republic in the early 1920s. Since then, the Turkish army has been the

Tervanda Ayrapetyan

2007-01-01

216

Rise of Political Islam in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a Muslim-majority country that is also a secular democratic state, a member of NATO, and a long-standing U.S. ally, Turkey is pivotal to U.S. strategy to shape the Middle Eastern security environment. Turkey also is a key test case for the role of Isla...

A. Rabasa F. S. Larrabee

2008-01-01

217

Rights of the Child in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child contains observations of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) concerning the application of the Convention by Turkey and observations regarding violence against girls in Turkey. The report is presented in three major parts. Part 1 asserts that despite the considerable…

Naqvi, Yasmin

218

RABIES EMERGENCE AMONG FOXES IN TURKEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixteen rabies isolates recently collected from mainland Turkey and two isolates held within a British archive were used to form a representative cohort from a range of vectors, and were analyzed to identify potential causes for an increase of rabies within the fox (Vulpes vulpes) population in Turkey. Each isolate was characterized by sequence analysis of the nucleoprotein gene and

Nicholas Johnson; Colin Black; Jemma Smith; Hikmet Un; Lorraine M. McElhinney; Orhan Aylan; Anthony R. Fooks

219

Government Publications and Gray Literature in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates bibliographic control of government publications and gray literature in Turkey, in order to determine what further measures are needed to support researchers in both Turkey and abroad. It reports the circumstances surrounding the creation of "The Bibliography of Government Publications" prepared in 1971, and outlines how…

Anameric, Hakan

2009-01-01

220

Extreme Forms of Child Labour in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two little known forms of child labour in Turkey are examined. The process through which these children are made to work has parallels with the experiences of slaves. First, a long-standing practice from Northwestern Turkey of parents hiring children to better-off farmers is examined. Further, a more recent problem is examined where children are…

Degirmencioglu, Serdar M.; Acar, Hakan; Acar, Yuksel Baykara

2008-01-01

221

Turkeys Raised (Released August 23, 2007).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2007 is 272 million, up 4 percent from the number raised during 2006. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United States...

2007-01-01

222

Turkeys Raised (Released September 25, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkeys raised in the United States during 2009 is 250 million, down 8 percent from the number raised during 2008. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United States during 2009: Minnesota, a...

2009-01-01

223

Turkeys Raised (Released August 25, 2008).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2008 is 271 million, down slightly from the number raised during 2007. The following six States are expected to account for about two-thirds of the turkeys produced in the United State...

2008-01-01

224

Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

Ince, Basak

2012-01-01

225

Turkey's Oil and Natural Gas Pipelines System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey's natural gas (NG) production is very small and is almost all imported. Turkish natural gas production in 2000, 23 billion cubic feet (Bcf), met around 4% of domestic natural gas consumption requirements. NG consumption is estimated at around 700 Bcf in year 2002, accounting for around 17% of Turkey's total energy consumption. Turkish natural gas demand had been projected

Mustafa Balat; Nuray Ozdemir

2005-01-01

226

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease in Cattle, Western Turkey  

PubMed Central

In 2007, an outbreak of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) occurred in Turkey. On the basis of clinical investigation, 41 cattle were suspected to have EHD. Reverse transcription–PCR and sequence analyses indicated that the virus belonged to EHD virus serotype 6, thus confirming EHD virus infection of cattle in Turkey.

Yesilbag, Kadir; Batten, Carrie; Senturk, Sezgin; Maan, Narender S.; Mertens, Peter Paul Clement; Batmaz, Hasan

2009-01-01

227

Epidemiological investigations on Q fever in Turkey  

PubMed Central

Q fever is endemic in Turkey in both human beings and animals. Cows, sheep, goats, and dogs may play a role as reservoirs of Coxiella burnetii. Ornithodorus lahorensis ticks also harbour the agent. The disease is disseminated throughout Turkey; epidemics among human beings are relatively rare.

Payzin, Sabahattin

1953-01-01

228

75 FR 28204 - Conduct on Postal Property; Penalties and Other Law  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Property; Penalties and Other Law AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION...facilities, Government property, Law enforcement officers, Postal...For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Postal Service amends...to abrogate any other Federal laws or regulations or any...

2010-05-20

229

75 FR 4273 - Conduct on Postal Property; Penalties and Other Law  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Property; Penalties and Other Law AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION...facilities, Government property, Law enforcement officers, Postal...For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Postal Service amends...to abrogate any other Federal laws or regulations or any...

2010-01-27

230

29 CFR 502.43 - Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Office of Administrative Law Judges. 502.43 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS...Proceedings Review of Administrative Law Judge's Decision § 502...the Office of Administrative Law Judges. Upon receipt...

2013-07-01

231

29 CFR 501.43 - Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ). 501.43...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS...Proceedings Review of Administrative Law Judge's Decision § 501...the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ). Upon...

2013-07-01

232

29 CFR 503.52 - Responsibility of the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ). 503.52...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF OBLIGATIONS FOR TEMPORARY...Proceedings Review of Administrative Law Judge's Decision § 503...the Office of Administrative Law Judges (OALJ). Upon...

2013-07-01

233

The efficacy of different models of smoke-free laws in reducing exposure to second-hand smoke: a multi-country comparison.  

PubMed

Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke is a serious public health concern and while all EU Member States have enacted some form of regulation aimed at limiting exposure, the scope of these regulations vary widely and many countries have failed to enact comprehensive legislation creating smoke-free workplaces and indoor public places. To gauge the effectiveness of different smoke-free models we compared fine particles from second-hand smoke in hospitality venues before and after the implementation of smoking bans in France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Turkey, and Scotland. Data on PM2.5 fine particle concentration levels were recorded in 338 hospitality venues across these countries before and after the implementation of smoke-free legislation. Changes in mean PM2.5 concentrations during the period from pre- to post-legislation were then compared across countries. While a reduction in PM2.5 was observed in all countries, those who had enacted and enforced more fully comprehensive smoke-free legislation experienced the greatest reduction in second-hand tobacco smoke. Comprehensive smoke-free laws are more effective than partial laws in reducing exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. Also, any law, regardless of scope must be actively enforced in order to have the desired impact. There is continued need for surveillance of smoke-free efforts in all countries. PMID:23498026

Ward, Mark; Currie, Laura M; Kabir, Zubair; Clancy, Luke

2013-05-01

234

The Law on Gifted Education: Revised Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides a comprehensive, concise, and current overview of the law-- specifically, legislation, regulations, and published court/administrative decisions--relating to gifted education for K-12 students. For students whose legal rights are based solely on their gifted status, the law largely boils down to (a) varying state statutes…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2005-01-01

235

Introduction to China's Environmental Protection Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with China's environmental protection laws. In order to coordinate the relationship between humankind and the environment, protect and improve the environment, protect people's health, and safeguard sustainable and steady economic and social development, the Chinese government has formulated a series of laws and regulations in…

Kuntao, Li; Wenzeng, Li

2004-01-01

236

Nuclear Technology and the Export Control Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three basic US laws regulate the export of commodities, services, and technical data. People working in nuclear fields need to know of these laws and their impact on professional endeavors. Export of technical data means the communication may be a model, ...

A. S. Lundy M. C. Pankratz V. H. Hogsett J. L. Munroe

1988-01-01

237

Preschool Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published by the Department of Health and Human Services, as required by Nebraska law, this guide details regulations for the physical well-being, safety, and protection of children and defines the minimum levels of acceptable services to be provided in Nebraska preschools. The first section of the guide lists specific preschool regulations,…

Nebraska State Dept. of Health and Human Services, Lincoln.

238

State Profiles of Underage Drinking Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Profiles of Underage Drinking Laws This section of the APIS Web site provides State-by-State summaries of statutes and regulations related to underage drinking and access to alcohol. For each State, summaries ...

239

Marriage law and practice in the Sahel.  

PubMed

The legal systems of Sahelian African countries combine customary law, Islamic law, French colonial law, and civil law introduced since independence in 1960. Utilizing a framework developed by the Faculty of Law, University of Dakar, Senegal, and the Development Law and Policy Program, Center for Population and Family Health, Columbia University, the Sahel Institute undertook a comprehensive study of the legal and social status of women in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Senegal. Since 1960, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal have replaced French family law with national marriage codes. Niger has not yet adopted a family code; the laws on the family inherited from the French remain in force. The postindependence marriage codes have attempted to give young women more say in choosing a husband, to regulate the practice of bride price, and to limit the practice of polygyny. They have done this by integrating customary law and government-passed civil law. Mali, Niger, and Senegal have repealed provisions in their codes prohibiting the distribution of contraception, based on a 1920 French law. Although it has taken no formal legal action, Burkina Faso has adopted family planning policies that effectively nullify the 1920 law. PMID:1792674

Boye, A K; Hill, K; Isaacs, S; Gordis, D

1991-01-01

240

Comparison of MAP and tyrosine kinase signaling in heterophils from commercial and wild-type turkeys.  

PubMed

Protein tyrosine and mitogen-activated kinases are crucial mediators of the host innate immune response, conferring signals from surface receptors on the host cell to the nucleus of the cell where gene expression occurs. Heterophils were isolated from wild-type Rio Grande turkeys and a commercial line of turkeys (Line A) on days 4 and 7 post-hatch. Heterophils were stimulated for 1h with Salmonella enteritidis (SE) or opsonized SE (OPSE). After stimulation, cells were lysed and lysates were tested for mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity. Specifically, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK1/2) and p38 MAPK phosphorylation were assayed using commercially available ELISA kits. Total protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) activity was also assayed. On both days 4 and 7 post-hatch, heterophils from Rio Grande turkeys had significantly higher levels of ERK 1/2 and p38 MAPK kinase activity upon stimulation with either SE or OPSE (p<0.001). Likewise, PTK values on days 4 and 7 in Rio Grande turkey heterophils were significantly higher upon stimulation with SE than with OPSE and were significantly (p<0.001) higher than PTK levels in Line A upon SE and OPSE stimulation. The data presented supports previous heterophil functional comparison studies wherein heterophils from Rio Grande turkeys had higher levels of oxidative burst and degranulation activities as compared to the activity observed in commercial Line A heterophils. This suggests that the regulation and control of these functions are mediated by protein tyrosine and mitogen-activated kinases. Furthermore, the data suggest that selection of commercial lines of turkeys for larger, heavier bodies, and faster growth may be associated with subsequent selection for decreased innate immune functions related to intracellular signaling mechanisms and possibly a subsequent increase in susceptibility to disease. PMID:17241661

Genovese, Kenneth J; He, Haiqi; Lowry, Virginia K; Kogut, Michael H

2007-01-01

241

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2009-07-01

242

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2010-07-01

243

29 CFR 570.25 - Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. 570.25 Section...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS...Effect on laws other than the Federal child labor standards. No provision...

2013-07-01

244

[The urbanization rate in Turkey].  

PubMed

Data from the annual statistical report on Turkey for 1990 and the results of research from 1985 and 1990 were utilized and compared with the trends of urbanization observed in the 1969 work of Z. Siemek on Turkey. In 1990, Turkey had about 56.5 million people with an average annual natural growth rate of 2.6% and an unemployment rate of 16%. The rural population made up 41% of the total populace. Urbanization was on the increase, from 47% in 1980, to 55% in 1985, and 59% in 1990. Urbanization in Ankara, because of its location in the center of Turkey, was particularly active in the regions of Anatolia, although it was still isolated in terms of intensified development. Istanbul's The population of Istanbul numbered 6,754,000 people in 1990. It is the major industrial center of the country with about 20% of industrial plants and 17% of the work force in the manufacturing industry. The largest degree of urbanization was demonstrated by Ankara: in 1927 its population numbered only 74,500 people, in 1965 about 902,000 inhabitants, and in 1990 about 2,837,000 people. During the period 1985-90, only 2 out of 73 provinces experienced a decline of the urban population: Kirikkale from 70.4% to 69.7% (because of the dynamic development of the Central region) and Istanbul from 95.4% to 92.4%. During this same period, Kirikkale's urban population, compared with the nation's total urban population, also declined from 0.9% to 0.7% because of immigration of both urban and rural people to other, more attractive provinces. The growth of urban population in the province of Istanbul varied from 1% to 10% during the period and made up 20.3% of the entire urban population. The Central region underwent a large degree of urbanization characterized by industrial-agricultural development. The city of Sivas became a center of communication. In the Central and Kurd regions, urbanization proceeded fast owing to the development of the Black Sea region and the immigration of Kurds from Iraq and Iran. PMID:12291543

Widy-kwiatkowska, J

1994-01-01

245

Long Hair and the Law: A Look at Constitutional and Title VII Challenges to Public and Private Regulation of Male Grooming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments that have been advanced in court by both sides of the controversy are examined, and it is concluded that male grooming regulations may effectively exclude a significant proportion of males from job opportunities or require them to alter their personal appearance for reasons probably unrelated to job performance. (LBH)

Troup, David P.

1975-01-01

246

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

247

AALS Law Books Recommended  

Microsoft Academic Search

The years following World War I1 witnessed the creation of many new law schools. Standards were needed for all aspects of both law school and law library administration. The AALS, under the presidency of Professor Walter Gellhorn, sponsored the creation of a major list of titles recommended for acquisitions by academic law libraries. The list, Law Boob Recommended for Libraries,

Mark P. Bernstein

1989-01-01

248

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

249

Turkey Operation - Year Round Production (VHS 3/4 inch) (Video).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey operations are at greater risk since turkeys are more sensitive to disease than other commercial poultry. Turkeys also require longer to mature and need more contact with people. Range turkeys require different biosecurity procedures since it is ha...

1989-01-01

250

Virus shedding and serum antibody responses during experimental turkey coronavirus infections in young turkey poults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The course of turkey coronavirus (TCoV) infection in young turkey poults was examined using a field isolate (TCoV-MG10) from a diarrhoeal disease outbreak on a commercial turkey farm in Ontario, Canada. Two-day-old and 28-day-old poults were inoculated orally with TCoV-MG10 to examine the effect of age on viral shedding and serum antibody responses to the virus. The presence of coronavirus

M. H. Gomaa; D. Yoo; D. Ojkic; J. R. Barta

2009-01-01

251

Radiological maps for Trabzon, Turkey.  

PubMed

The activity concentrations and absorbed gamma dose rates due to primordial radionuclides and (137)Cs have been ascertained in 222 soil samples in 18 counties of the Trabzon province of Turkey using a HPGe detector. The mean activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th, (40)K and (137)Cs in soil samples were 41, 35, 437 and 21 Bq kg(-1), respectively. Based on the measured concentrations of these radionuclides, the mean absorbed gamma dose in air was calculated as 59 nGy h(-1) and hence, the mean annual effective dose due to terrestrial gamma radiation was calculated as 72 ?Sv y(-1). In addition, outdoor in situ gamma dose rate (D) measurements were performed in the same 222 locations using a portable NaI detector and the annual effective dose was calculated to be 66 ?Sv y(-1) from these results. The results presented in this study are compared with other parts of Turkey. Radiological maps of the Trabzon province were composed using the results obtained from the study. PMID:21382657

Kurnaz, A; Kucukomeroglu, B; Damla, N; Cevik, U

2011-04-01

252

Environmental disasters as risk regulation catalysts? The role of Bhopal, Chernobyl, Exxon Valdez, Love Canal, and Three Mile Island in shaping U.S. environmental law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unexpected events such as environmental catastrophes capture wide public attention. Soon after five major shocks—Three Mile\\u000a Island, Love Canal, Bhopal, Chernobyl, and the Exxon Valdez oil spill—Congress voted on new risk regulation. This paper conducts\\u000a an event study to test whether individual congressional representatives were “shocked” by these environmental disasters into\\u000a increasing their probability of voting in favor of risk

Matthew E. Kahn

2007-01-01

253

Exact law of live nature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The exact law of mortality dynamics in changing populations and environment is derived. It includes no explicit characteristics of animal-environment interactions (metabolism, etc.) which are a must for life; it is universal for all animals, from single-cell yeast to humans, with their drastically different biology, evolutionary history, and complexity; it is rapidly (within few percent of life span) reversible. Such a law is unique for live systems with their homeostatic self-adjustment to environment (cf. thermodynamics of liquids and glasses). The law which is valid for all live, and only live, systems is their specific natural law. Mortality is an instrument of natural selection and biological diversity. Its law, which is preserved in evolution of all species, is a conservation law of mortality, selection, evolution, biology. The law implies new kinds of intrinsic mortality and adaptation which dominate in evolutionary unprecedented protected populations and, in contrast to species-specific natural selection, proceed via universal stepwise rungs and reduce to universal cellular mechanism. The law demonstrates that intrinsic mortality and at least certain aspects of aging are disposable evolutionary byproducts, and directed genetic and/or biological changes may yield healthy and vital Methuselah lifespan. This is consistent with experiments. Universality implies that single-cell yeast may provide a master key to the cellular mechanism of universal mortality, aging, selection, evolution, and its regulation in all animals. One may look for its manifestations in animal cells also, e.g., in their replicative senescence and cancer. Evolutionary origin and genetic nature of universality are suggested.

Azbel?, Mark Ya.

2005-08-01

254

50 CFR 300.92 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Fraser River Sockeye and Pink Salmon Fisheries § 300.92 Relation to other laws. ...in accordance with § 663.6. Federal regulations governing salmon fishing in the EEZ, which includes a portion of the...

2013-10-01

255

50 CFR 300.92 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Fraser River Sockeye and Pink Salmon Fisheries § 300.92 Relation to other laws. ...in accordance with § 663.6. Federal regulations governing salmon fishing in the EEZ, which includes a portion of the...

2010-10-01

256

50 CFR 300.92 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Fraser River Sockeye and Pink Salmon Fisheries § 300.92 Relation to other laws. ...in accordance with § 663.6. Federal regulations governing salmon fishing in the EEZ, which includes a portion of the...

2011-10-01

257

50 CFR 300.92 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Fraser River Sockeye and Pink Salmon Fisheries § 300.92 Relation to other laws. ...in accordance with § 663.6. Federal regulations governing salmon fishing in the EEZ, which includes a portion of the...

2012-10-01

258

Bitlaw: A Resource on Technology Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Daniel A. Tysver of Beck & Tysver, P.L.L.P., an intellectual property law firm, this site is a comprehensive resource on technology law, with "over 1,800 pages on patent, copyright, trademark, and Internet legal issues." The site is divided into eight main sections, five of which (Patent Law, Trademark Law, Copyright Law, Software Patents, and Internet Legal Issues) are extended hyperlinked essays prefaced with an executive summary and a table of contents. The other three sections offer the full text of selected statutes, regulations, case law, and patent office documents; a large and well organized collection of annotated links; and sample forms and contracts, respectively. While there are any number of online legal resources, this site's clean navigation and depth set it apart.

Tysver, Daniel A.

259

The Impact of Insolvency Law on Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article takes as its central theme the development of insolvency law in relation to financial stability. While insolvency law does not constitute direct regulation of the financial market, it significantly affects the market and the way its participants behave. Quality insolvency law facilitates rapid exit of problem entities from the economic system and reduces the impacts of the losses

Tomas Rydl

260

Energy related environmental policies in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

There is increasing consensus in both the scientific and political communities that significant reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are necessary to limit the magnitude and extent of climate change. Renewable energy systems already reduce GHG emissions from the energy sector, although on a modest scale. Turkey is heavily dependent on expensive imported energy resources (oil, gas, and coal) that place a big burden on the economy, and air pollution is becoming a great environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be one of the most efficient and effective solutions for clean and sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of these renewable energy sources. This article presents a review of the energy related environmental policies in Turkey.

Kaygusuz, K.; Bilgen, S. [Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry

2008-07-01

261

[Health policy of the Republic of Turkey in accordance with the minutes of the Turkish Parliament (Part II)].  

PubMed

Because of the invasion of the Ottoman territory after the World War I, the Turkish War of Liberty was initiated by Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his friends. While they aimed at a successful outcome of the battle, they at the same time tried to achieve a nation-wide organization. In order to look after the nation's medical and social service, on May 2nd 1920, a new ministry called the Ministry for Medical and Social Service was founded. The new ministry's task was not only to concern itself with the medical and social service, but also with immigration and of the immigrants. At the beginning the hitherto existing social system and certain laws were not abolished until they were replaced by new ones in order to prevent an interruption in the social service. In these years the aim of the social system was to struggle against infectious diseases, to prevent infections, to decrease infant mortality and to increase the population, to take measures against diseases from abroad, to pass the laws needed and to form a central authority. Besides these laws which were directly related with the medical and social service during the War of Liberty, the governing of the districts and the regulations concerning the miners in Zonguldak were passed in order to protect peoples' health. Our political existence was confirmed through the signing of the agreement reached by the Lausanne Conference after the War of Liberty and consequently the Medical Care Supreme Council of Istanbul, which had continued its validity as a capitulation, was abolished. The social state policy of the period which had started with the foundation of the Turkish Republic aimed to extend the state's medical organization, increase the number of the medical staff, continue the employment of the health personnel specialized in medicine, struggle against infectious diseases in an organized way, provide a wide-spread medical service, give priority to preventive health care and establish medical institutions, effect a cooperation of these institutes, pass the necessary laws and establish state supervision in all fields. In the first ten years of the Republic, new schools and courses were started in order to increase the number of the medical staff to be sent to areas deprived of social service. In accordance with the Obligatory Service Law of 1923, doctors who were sent to eastern Turkey were provided with encouraging advantages. The organizational work and the laws concerning infectious diseases like malaria, syphilis and trachoma, which were wide-spread, was effective and successful from the year 1925 onwards when Dr. Refik Saydam was the Minister for Health. The meetings of the Turkish National Congresses on Medicine helped solve the nation's health problems and influenced the state's policy and the Health Ministry's activities. The aim was not merely the protection of peoples' health through education. In this period, many laws were passed with the aim to protect the nation's health and to ensure state control in every field. Some of these are still in force today. Besides free medical treatment of the poor and the old, laws of validity for a long period, which were effective in the protection of the health of children, the adolescent and the pregnant women in the social life and employment, were passed. In the first ten years of the Republic a protective, comprehensive and human health policy was observed in accordance with the policy of the state. The second part of the study deals with the Turkish Parliament's minutes on the health organizations; the health budgets; the laws passed on about the health practitioners; the struggle against infectious diseases; the Turkish codex, pharmacists and laboratories; the education of physicians and other health personnel etc. PMID:17152155

Ozpekcan, Meliha

2002-01-01

262

Dressing the Thanksgiving Turkey: Using Measurement?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This blog post presents a Thanksgiving activity that engages learners as they practice measuring with nonstandard units and comparing lengths. Learners use unifix cubes to measure the heights of four turkeys then compare and arrange them in order from shortest to tallest. The last part of the activity has students measuring Tom Turkey to determine which clothing he should be dressed in for dinner. The lesson plan and all student worksheets can be downloaded to a PDF.

Mitchell, Myrna

2013-11-15

263

44 CFR 15.17 - Other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL CONDUCT AT THE MT. WEATHER EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE CENTER AND AT THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY TRAINING...any State and local laws and regulations applicable to Mt. Weather or NETC premises. The rules and regulations in this part...

2013-10-01

264

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

265

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

266

[Teaching about Family Law].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1992-01-01

267

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

268

Enforceable social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the enforcement of social laws in artificial social systems using a control system. We define the enforceable social law problem as an extension of Tennenholtz' stable social law problem. We distinguish the choice of social laws from the choice of control systems, where the latter leads to new computational problems. We consider also properties of

Guido Boella; Leendert W. N. van der Torre

2005-01-01

269

Turkey vulture and California condor  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Populations of turkey vultures in the western states appear stable, with no evidence of recent significant changes in distribution. Turkey vultures occupy a variety of habitats, nest in diverse situations and utilize a wide variety of carrion. Consequently, no particular limiting factor is likely to have a major effect on the total population. California condor numbers, in contrast, have continued to decline. With the capture of the last wild bird in 1987, the species has been extirpated from the wild. Reestablishment will depend on production and introduction of captive-reared birds, hopefully within the next 10 years. In the 18th century, condors inhabited areas along the Pacific coast from British Columbia to Baja California. Since 1950, the range has been restricted to a six county area adjacent to the southern San Joaquin Valley of California. Within this area, there appears to be no shortage of suitable nest sites; all recently used nest sites are within federally-controlled lands. Suitable foraging grounds have continued to diminish and are now largely limited to private rangelands and some Bureau of Land Management rangelands within the foothills of the San Joaquin Valley. Only these areas continue to supply the large mammal carcasses that the California condor needs for survival. The habitat of the condor is subject to a variety of land use practices and development pressures. Excessive mortality, coupled with low reproductive potential, continues to threaten the recovery of the species. Development of management practices to reduce mortality, particularly those that are contaminant-related, and of a preserve design to insure adequate habitat for the reintroduced population are still necessary for eventual recovery of the species.

Pattee, O.H.; Wilbur, S.R.

1989-01-01

270

Izmit, Turkey 1999 Earthquake Interferogram  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This image is an interferogram that was created using pairs of images taken by Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). The images, acquired at two different times, have been combined to measure surface deformation or changes that may have occurred during the time between data acquisition. The images were collected by the European Space Agency's Remote Sensing satellite (ERS-2) on 13 August 1999 and 17 September 1999 and were combined to produce these image maps of the apparent surface deformation, or changes, during and after the 17 August 1999 Izmit, Turkey earthquake. This magnitude 7.6 earthquake was the largest in 60 years in Turkey and caused extensive damage and loss of life. Each of the color contours of the interferogram represents 28 mm (1.1 inches) of motion towards the satellite, or about 70 mm (2.8 inches) of horizontal motion. White areas are outside the SAR image or water of seas and lakes. The North Anatolian Fault that broke during the Izmit earthquake moved more than 2.5 meters (8.1 feet) to produce the pattern measured by the interferogram. Thin red lines show the locations of fault breaks mapped on the surface. The SAR interferogram shows that the deformation and fault slip extended west of the surface faults, underneath the Gulf of Izmit. Thick black lines mark the fault rupture inferred from the SAR data. Scientists are using the SAR interferometry along with other data collected on the ground to estimate the pattern of slip that occurred during the Izmit earthquake. This then used to improve computer models that predict how this deformation transferred stress to other faults and to the continuation of the North Anatolian Fault, which extends to the west past the large city of Istanbul. These models show that the Izmit earthquake further increased the already high probability of a major earthquake near Istanbul.

2001-01-01

271

Policy Options for Turkey: A Critique of the Interpretation and Utilization of PISA Results in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we provide a critique of the interpretation and utilization of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results by the National Education Authorities in Turkey. First, we define and explain what OECD's PISA is. Second, we make an overview of the media coverage in Turkey of the PISA 2003 and 2006 results. Third, we…

Gur, Bekir S.; Celik, Zafer; Ozoglu, Murat

2012-01-01

272

Environmental law handbook. Fifteenth edition  

SciTech Connect

Written by 15 nationally recognized environmental legal experts, this new edition maintains the first edition's original goal to provide users with reliable, accurate, and practical compliance information by addressing all changes made to the laws in the past two years. Using clear language with a minimum of legal jargon, this essential 700-page reference provides readers with a foundation for understanding the obligations of the laws. This book also explains and details noncompliance penalties, including administrative fines and criminal prosecution for violation of all acts and newly increased fines for negligent violations of the Clean Water Act. The authors focus, however, on the 14 major environmental, health, and safety laws affecting US businesses and organizations and detail, in over 90 new pages, and all recent changes made to those laws. Such changes include explanations of the Joint EPA/State Innovations agreement, which the EPA and senior state environmental officials established and signed in 1998; the revised TSCA Model Reporting Rule, which took effect June 30, 1998; and RCRA's conditional regulation of waste military munitions, which went into effect August 12, 1997. In addition, this new handbook details the revised national ambient air quality standards for ozone and fine particles and the new and revised air toxics control requirements. Environmental managers, engineers, professionals, and students nationwide will benefit from the professional expertise, sample and cited cases, and straightforward explanations found in the pages of this comprehensive environmental law book, the industry standard for 26 years.

Sullivan, T.F.P. [ed.

1999-04-01

273

Environmental issues and the law.  

PubMed Central

This report first briefly reviews the history and lessons learned from our legislation regarding protection of our environment. Then, these lessons are combined with principles of general jurisprudence to suggest avenues for regulation of industrial ecology. Even though the law has important limitations, it can be used as a tool to identify national goals and to promote their achievement by means of incentives or sanctions.

Henrichs, R

1992-01-01

274

43 CFR 3809.3 - What rules must I follow if State law conflicts with this subpart?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What rules must I follow if State law conflicts with this subpart? 3809.3 Section...What rules must I follow if State law conflicts with this subpart? If State laws or regulations conflict with this subpart regarding...

2013-10-01

275

78 FR 55095 - Certain Pasta From Italy and Turkey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Review)] Certain Pasta From Italy and Turkey Determinations On the basis of the record...orders on certain pasta from Italy and Turkey would be likely to lead to continuation...respect to imports of certain pasta from...

2013-09-09

276

Consumers' Perceptions about Genetically Modified Foods and Their Stated Willingness-to-Pay for Genetically Modified Food Labeling: Evidences from Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

We applied a multinomial logit model to determine consumer characteristics affecting three possible policy regulations that wanted to be implemented for genetically modified foods in Turkey. The study reveals that many household characteristics including food spending amount, education, gender, marital status, knowledge about food related policies and regional variables are key policy factors to choose regulation programs on GMO foods.

Bahri Karli; Abdulbaki Bilgic; Bulent Miran

2008-01-01

277

[Health policy of the Republic of Turkey in accordance with the Minutes of the Turkish Parliament (part I)].  

PubMed

Because of the invasion of the Ottoman territory after the World War I, the Turkish War of Liberty was initiated by Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his friends. While they aimed at a successful outcome of the battle, they at the same time tried to achieve a nation-wide organization. In order to look after the nation's medical and social service, on May 2nd 1920, a new ministry called the Ministry for Medical and Social Service was founded. The new ministry's task was not only to concern itself with the medical and social service, but also with immigration and of the immigrants. At the beginning the hitherto existing social system and certain laws were not abolished until they were replaced by new ones in order to prevent an interruption in the social service. In these years the aim of the social system was to struggle against infectious diseases, to prevent infections, to decrease infant mortality and to increase the population, to take measures against diseases from abroad, to pass the laws needed and to form a central authority. Besides these laws which were directly related with the medical and social service during the War of Liberty, the governing of the districts and the regulations concerning the miners in Zonguldak were passed in order to protect peoples' health. Our political existence was confirmed through the signing of the agreement reached by the Lausanne Conference after the War of Liberty and consequently the Medical Care Supreme Council of Istanbul, which had continued its validity as a capitulation, was abolished. The social state policy of the period which had started with the foundation of the Turkish Republic aimed to extend the state's medical staff, continue the employment of the health personnel specialized in medicine, struggle against infectious diseases in an organised way, provide a wide-spread medical service, give priority to preventive health care and establish medical institutions, effect a cooperation of these institutes, pass the necessary laws and establish state supervision in all fields. In the first ten years of the Republic, new schools and courses were started in order to increase the number of the medical staff to be sent to areas deprived of social service. In accordance with the Obligatory Service Law of 1923, doctors who were sent to eastern Turkey were provided with encouraging advantages. The organizational work and the laws concerning infectious diseases like malaria, syphilis and trachoma, which were wide-spread, was effective and successful from the year 1925 onwards when Dr. Refik Saydam was the Minister for Health. The meetings of the Turkish National Congresses on Medicine helped solve the nation's health problems and influenced the state's policy and the Health Ministry's activities. The aim was not merely the protection of peoples' health through education. In this period, many laws were passed with the aim to protect the nation's health and to ensure state control in every field. Some of these are still in force today. Besides the medical treatment of the poor and the old, laws of validity for a long period, which were effective in the protection of the health of children, the adolescent and the pregnant women in the social life and employment, were passed. In the first ten years of the Republic a protective, comprehensive and human health policy was observed in accordance with the policy of the state. PMID:14570015

Ozpekcan, M

2001-01-01

278

Rural settlement policies in Turkey and the Kurdish areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adament refusal of Turkey to admit to a Kurdish question is a major source of human rights violations, social tension, political and economic instability, and an irritant in Turkey's relations with neighboring countries and the European Union. In the 1980s and 1990s Turkey, and in particular the areas predominantly populated by Kurds, was the scene of an increasingly bitter

J. P. Jongerden

2003-01-01

279

Renewable and sustainable energy use in Turkey: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is an energy importing nation with more than half of our energy requirements met by imported fuels. Air pollution is becoming a significant environmental concern in the country. In this regard, renewable energy resources are becoming attractive for sustainable energy development and environmental pollution mitigation in Turkey. Turkey's geographical location has several advantages for extensive use of most of

Kamil Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

280

Turkey liver - a chromium enriched food source  

SciTech Connect

There are presently no known foods for humans that are particularly good sources of chromium. As a means of obtaining Cr enriched foods, turkeys were fed diets containing various levels of supplemental chromium. Four groups of 6-month old turkey hens were fed either the basal diet for laying hens or this diet supplemented with 25, 100 or 200 ..mu..g of chromium as chromium chloride per g of diet. Liver Cr concentration of the turkeys sacrificed after 1 week increased from 7 ng/g (wet wt) while consuming the basal diet to 15, 48 and 68 ng/g, respectively, while consuming the diets with supplemental chromium. Comparable values for the turkeys sacrificed after 5 weeks were 2, 43, 170 and 325 ng/g. Similar trends but higher chromium values were observed for kidney samples. The chromium contents of the dark and white meat and eggs were not altered significantly. Chromium concentrations of the pancreas, gizzard and heart increased marginally; final chromium concentrations were less than 23 ng/g even after 5 weeks on the highest level of supplemental chromium. Chromium content of spleen and lungs was approximately 2-fold higher than that of the pancreas, gizzard or heart. Therefore, turkey liver is a food source suitable for Cr enrichment while the eggs, dark and white meat and other edible parts do not appear to be enriched following chromium supplementation.

Polansky, M.M.; Bryden, N.A.; Richards, M.; Anderson, R.A.

1986-03-01

281

49 CFR 388.7 - Joint administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. 388.7 Section...administrative activities related to enforcement of safety and hazardous materials laws and regulations. To...

2013-10-01

282

Russian Law on the Legal Protection of Programs for Computers and Databases of 7/92 and Enabling Resolution for the Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Russian law contains provisions pertaining to relations regulated by the law; objects of legal protection; database copyright and copyright duration; authorship; individual and property rights; transfer of property rights; use of computer or database ...

1992-01-01

283

NASA and the practice of space law  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper discusses the need for increased awareness in space law due to advances in space technology and a trend toward commercialization of space. A list of national and international treaties, conventions, agreements, laws, and regulations relevant to space activities is presented. NASA lawyers specialize in international and municipal laws that affect the NASA space mission; an example of the lawyers working with insurance companies in negotiating the first Space Shuttle liability policy is provided. The increased participation of the public sector in space activities, for example, the commercialization of the Space Shuttle transportation system, is examined.

Hosenball, S. N.

1985-01-01

284

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is comprised of tables of benefits, on a state by state basis, as required by law including: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' ...

1992-01-01

285

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contents include: Type of law and insurance requirements for private employment; Numerical exemptions; Coverage of agricultural workers; Jurisdictions in which workers' compensation laws apply to domestic employment; Medical benefits and meth...

1989-01-01

286

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' Compensation Laws Aply to Domestic Employment; Medical Benefits and Methods of Physic...

1990-01-01

287

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

288

Alabama Marine Law Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama Marine Law Program at the University of Alabama Law Center was funded from January 1, 1979 to May 31, 1982. During this period, the Program had as its continuing objective research, service and education in issues relating to law and the coast...

1982-01-01

289

Communication, Law, and Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author takes the position that communication is an essential, but often overlooked component of law and justice; furthermore, some of the current problems in the area of law and justice are basically communication problems. The author traces the early development of communication and law as closely related disciplines, with emphasis on the…

Anapol, Malthon M.

290

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

291

Laws of Thermodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explains the two laws of thermodynamics that govern the relationship between energy and natural systems. These are the Law of Conservation of Energy and Law of Entropy. Key terms are hyperlinked so that students can easily find definitions to unfamiliar words.

2012-06-11

292

The impact of German-speaking academicians on higher education in Turkey.  

PubMed

The transition from the medieval universities to the secular, second generation universities in Turkey occurred in the period from 1773 to 1945. The Ottoman Empire's efforts to establish a higher education system in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries only aimed at modernization of the armed forces, and the civil effects on the general society were only secondary. After the Turkish Republic was founded in 1923, complete modernization of all institutions of society, including political, social, educational, economic, and law reforms, were initiated by the President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. His establishment of the modern Istanbul University in Turkey was an experiment unforeseen in the history of education. Step by step, he created a new language, a new alphabet, achieved unified and secular education under government supervision, formed primary and secondary education to support higher education, took expert opinion on forming the new university, and finally established the modern university. German-speaking academicians have played a very important role during the creation of the modern secular university in Turkey. This is a short analysis of this period. PMID:23177760

Özduman, Koray; Güdük, Mustafa; Elmac?, Ilhan; Pamir, M Necmettin

2013-01-01

293

Differential gene expression between normal and pale, soft, and exudative turkey meat.  

PubMed

In response to high consumer demand, turkeys have been intensively selected for rapid growth rate and breast muscle mass and conformation. The success in breeding selection has coincided with an increasing incidence of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) meat defect, especially in response to heat stress. We hypothesized that the underlying mechanism responsible for the development of PSE meat arises from differences in expression of several critical genes. The objective of this study was to determine differential gene expression between normal and PSE turkey meat using a 6K turkey skeletal muscle long oligonucleotide microarray. Breast meat samples were collected from Randombred Control Line 2 turkeys at 22 wk of age, and classified as normal or PSE primarily based on marinade uptake (high = normal, low = PSE). Total RNA was isolated from meat samples with the highest (normal, n = 6) and the lowest (PSE, n = 6) marinade uptake. Microarray data confirmation was conducted using quantitative real-time PCR. Selection of differentially expressed genes for pathway analysis was performed using a combination of fold change (FC) ranking (FC < -1.66, FC >1.66) and false discovery rate (<0.35) as criteria. The calcium signaling pathway was highlighted as the top canonical pathway associated with differential gene expression between normal and PSE turkey. Dramatic downregulation of fast-twitch myosin heavy chain coupled with upregulation of slow-twitch myosin and troponin C suggested a switch of skeletal muscle isoforms, which may alter muscle fiber arrangement and formation of actin-myosin complexes. Changes in expression of genes in the actin cytoskeleton signaling pathway also suggest altered structures of actin filaments that may affect cell motility as well as strength and flexibility of muscle cells. Substantial downregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isozyme 4 was observed in PSE samples, suggesting altered regulation of the aerobic metabolic pathway in the birds that developed PSE meat defect. PMID:23687159

Malila, Y; Tempelman, R J; Sporer, K R B; Ernst, C W; Velleman, S G; Reed, K M; Strasburg, G M

2013-06-01

294

Strategic environmental assessment and national development plans in Turkey: Towards legal framework and operational procedure  

SciTech Connect

National development plans were started to be prepared in Turkey in 1963. These plans are mandatory for public investments and guiding principles for private investments. They have a quality which guides and sets objectives for other plans in the country. Therefore, they can be evaluated as the main reason of successes and failures of sectoral investments or the problems that they cause directly or indirectly. Turkey is undergoing rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth, thus environmental problems are on the increase. Although Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been applied to individual investments in Turkey since 1993, natural environment has continued to be affected because of human activities. Today, parallel to the developments in the world, it has been discussed that it is necessary to strengthen project-level Environmental Assessment (EA) and to practice Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). The interest in SEA, that is, EA at the level of proposed policies, plans and programs has grown significantly since 2000 in the country. Discussions and preparations have started about regulation which provides the legal and institutional framework for SEA in The Ministry of Environment and Forestry. However, since the scientific approach into the subject is very new in Turkey, it will take time to answer the questions about how and in what fields to practice. This research project aims at analyzing the possible practice opportunities of SEA in Turkey and the practicability of SEA into the National Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) which is assumed at the highest level of planning hierarchy in the country. The research is conducted on two sections. In the first section, procedural approaches to SEA on national development plans are investigated and a framework for these approaches is adapted at the institutional level. In the second section, SEA form for energy sector in the development plans is developed. In this article, the findings related to the first part of the project are given.

Say, Nuriye Peker [Cukurova University, Department of Landscape Architecture, 01330 Balcali, Adana (Turkey)]. E-mail: nursay@cu.edu.tr; Yuecel, Muzaffer [Cukurova University, Department of Landscape Architecture, 01330 Balcali, Adana (Turkey)

2006-04-15

295

[Reoccurrence of histomonosis in turkey breeder farm].  

PubMed

Histomonosis is a severe disease caused by the protozoan parasite Histomonas (H.) meleagridis, which can lead to high losses in turkeys. The present report describes the reoccurrence of histomonosis in a turkey breeder farm. The first outbreak occurred in 2005 in 17 weeks old hens, the second in 2009 in 8 weeks old hens. The disease remained restricted in one house and one compartment, respectively. Mortality rose to 26 and 65% respectively within few days in spite of therapy with various compounds. Both flocks had to be euthanized. In both cases H. meleagridis belonging to genotype A was detected. The source of infection remained unclear in both cases. PMID:21309161

Aka, Johannes; Hauck, Rüdiger; Blankenstein, Petra; Balczulat, Stefanie; Hafez, Hafez Mohamed

2011-01-01

296

Total Solar Eclipse: Live from Turkey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On March 29, 2006, a team from the Exploratorium filmed and broadcast live the total eclipse of the Sun as seen from Side, Turkey. The web site created around this event includes streaming video of the eclipse, a slide show from first contact through totality and fourth contact, and an image gallery with photos of the eclipse and the chosen site in Turkey, a Roman-era amphitheater. There is also information about how the location was chosen, a map showing the path of totality, how the eclipse was filmed and broadcast live by satellite, and the mechanics of a solar eclipse.

2006-02-23

297

Water, law, science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryIn a world with water resources severely impacted by technology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end, this paper is an earth scientist's attempt to comprehend essential elements of water law, and to examine their connections to science. Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with a priori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science, observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while in law, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law in Europe and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago by Roman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason. Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the sea were governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that these elements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as private property. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jus gentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast, jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jus gentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in which science plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all. This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, follows their evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit of science inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving water and environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In a technological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of water law. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophical understanding of the relationships between science and law will contribute to their constructively coming together in the service of society.

Narasimhan, T. N.

2008-01-01

298

New State Forest Practice Laws. A review of state laws and their natural resource data requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Forest practice regulations can be established by being specified in state law or by being promulgated by some other official body delegated the authority to do so. At the state level, public regulation of private forest practices resulted in many cases, in the enactment of state forest practice laws regulating both private, and in some cases, public landowner activities. These laws aim not only to protect natural environments, but also to encourage continuous productivity of forest lands, to maintain or enhance aesthetic values, and to serve as an implementing mechanism to control water pollution. Profiles of regulations in California, Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oregon, and Washington are examined and assessed. Voluntary guidelines in use in 18 states are summarized.

Klein, S. B.

1980-01-01

299

Epidemiology of a Herpesvirus of Turkeys: Possible Sources and Spread of Infection in Turkey Flocks  

PubMed Central

Parameters of turkey herpesvirus (HVT) infection were followed sequentially from hatching through 20 weeks in two commercial turkey flocks. Maternal antibody was uniformly present at hatching but decreased below detectable levels by the 3rd week. Virus was first isolated at the 5th and 6th weeks and thereafter spread rapidly within the flocks. Development of active antibody followed that of viremia by 1 week. Both virus and antibody were present in virtually all turkeys after the 7th or 10th week; however, the incidence of tumors was negligible. Dust and litter from infected flocks were negative for HVT by poult bioassay, but the infection was easily transmitted by exposure of poults to dirty isolation cages or air from HVT-infected turkeys. Attempts to demonstrate congenital transmission of HVT by direct virus isolation from embryos of infected breeders or by isolation rearing procedures were unsuccessful. Images

Witter, R. L.; Solomon, J. J.

1971-01-01

300

Approximation of Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximation of laws is an important theme in the philosophy of science. If we can make sense of the idea that two scientific laws are "close" to each other, then we can also analyze such methodological notions as approximate explanation of laws, approximate reduction of theories, approximate empirical success of theories, and approximate truth of laws. Proposals for measuring the distance between quantitative scientific laws were given in Niiniluoto (1982, 1987). In this paper, these definitions are reconsidered as a response to the interesting critical remarks by Liu (1999).

Niiniluoto, Ilkka

2014-03-01

301

Limited transmission of turkey coronavirus in young turkeys by adult Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).  

PubMed

We examined the role of lesser mealworm, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer), in the transmission of an enteric disease of turkeys caused by a coronavirus. Turkey coronavirus (TCV) from two sources was studied, one isolate (NC95) was embryo propagated, the second was TCV infected material from turkeys diagnosed with poult enteritis mortality syndrome (PEMS). Beetles were fed virus-infected feces mixed with chicken feed. Transmission of virus was effectively halted by surface sterilization of the beetles. Turkey poults administered beetle homogenates infected with TCV+ PEMS that had not been surface sterilized had reduced weight gains and 50% mortality. Mortality and weight gains were not effected in the NC95 group. Virus isolation procedures were performed to determine NC95 viability at varying time intervals. Beetles were dissected and the guts removed 1, 12, and 24 h after the initial viral feeding. Whole beetles were also examined for comparison. Whole beetles and beetle guts were homogenized and injected into turkey eggs for embryo propagation. Direct immunofluorescence was used to determine the presence of TCV. A. diaperinus were capable of mechanical transmission of TCV. However, only turkey embryos receiving whole beetle and beetle gut homogenates within 1 h of feeding on the virus were positive for TCV. Laboratory studies demonstrating PEMS transmission by A. diaperinus are continuing. PMID:15535597

Watson, D W; Guy, J S; Stringham, S M

2000-05-01

302

Contractual Relationships: Higher Education Laws and Regulations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One major aspect of any contractual relationship is liability. "Institutions of higher education face potential breach of contract claims from employees, student, and vendors purchasers, or business partners" (Kaplin & Lee, 2007, 105) When referring to the liability of an institution, we must take into consideration the contract authorization…

Chatterjee, Tantralita

2011-01-01

303

Cost of Milk and Marketing Margins in Dairy Farms of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study is based on the cost of milk and marketing margins in dairy farms in Tokat-Turkey with the help of primary data collected randomly from 62 farmers. In the study it was determined that milk production in dairy farms was relatively profitable in domestic (1.34), cross-bred (1.29) and culture (1.58) dairy cattle. It was found that marketing margins of milk were 183.33% for domestic, cross-breed and culture dairy cattle. As a result, although there were some structural problems for dairy farms such as high input prices, lack of cooperation among producers and long marketing chains between producers and retailers, it can be still perceived that the dairy farming can be one of the most important income sources for the farmers of rural provinces of Tokat-Turkey. Furthermore it should be stated that current livestock policy need to be regulated.

Uzunoz, Meral; Altintas, Gulcin; Akcay, Yasar

304

The Determinants of Student Achievement in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent achievement test results show that Turkish students have been performing poorly compared to students from other countries. Using science literacy results from the PISA 2006 survey, we aim to measure the determinants of student achievement in Turkey within the education production function framework. We find that program types have large…

Dincer, M. A.; Uysal, G.

2010-01-01

305

The nature of PKK terrorism in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is undertaken to evaluate the profile of the PKK (Kurdish Workers Party) and Kurdish political behavior separately in an attempt to distinguish the Kurdish issue from terrorism. PKK's profile has changed between 1978, when it was founded and now, depending on Turkey's internal politics as well as the changing international environment. Basically, it started out as a Marxist?Leninist

Nur Bilge Criss

1995-01-01

306

Turkey Hatchery (Released January 15, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on January 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 27.5 million, down 7 percent from January 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were up 4 percent from the December 1, 2009 total of 26.6 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous yea...

2010-01-01

307

Turkey Hatchery (Released June 15, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on June 1, 2009, in the United States totaled 29.2 million, down 8 percent from June 1, 2008. Eggs in incubators were up 2 percent from the May 1, 2009 total of 28.8 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: Eas...

2009-01-01

308

Turkey Hatchery (Released April 15, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on April 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 28.3 million, down 5 percent from April 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were up 6 percent from the March 1, 2010 total of 26.8 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were:...

2010-01-01

309

Turkey Hatchery (Released December 15, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on December 1, 2009, in the United States totaled 25.8 million, down 7 percent from December 1, 2008. Eggs in incubators were down 1 percent from the November 1, 2009 total of 26.0 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous...

2009-01-01

310

Turkey Hatchery (Released May 14, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on May 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 28.7 million, down slightly from May 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were down slightly from the April 1, 2010 total of 28.8 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: Eas...

2010-01-01

311

Turkey Hatchery (Released June 16, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on June 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 28.2 million, down 3 percent from June 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were down 2 percent from the May 1, 2010 total of 28.7 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: E...

2010-01-01

312

Turkey Hatchery (Released March 15, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on March 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 26.9 million, down 4 percent from March 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were up 1 percent from the February 1, 2010 total of 26.8 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year we...

2010-01-01

313

Turkey Hatchery (Released May 15, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on June 1, 2009, in the United States totaled 29.2 million, down 8 percent from June 1, 2008. Eggs in incubators were up 2 percent from the May 1, 2009 total of 28.8 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: Eas...

2009-01-01

314

Turkey Hatchery (Released July 15, 2009).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on July 1, 2009, in the United States totaled 29.8 million, down 9 percent from July 1, 2008. Eggs in incubators were up 2 percent from the June 1, 2009 total of 29.2 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: Ea...

2009-01-01

315

Turkey Hatchery (Released July 15, 2010).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkey eggs in incubators on July 1, 2010, in the United States totaled 29.7 million, down 1 percent from July 1, 2009. Eggs in incubators were up 4 percent from the June 1, 2010 total of 28.7 million eggs. Regional changes from the previous year were: Ea...

2010-01-01

316

Turkey devastated by another major earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The total number of dead from the disastrous earthquake that struck northwestern Turkey on August 17 could reach 40,000 and the property loss could be $40 billion, according to some reports. A week after the quake, relief efforts focused primarily on helping the tens of thousands injured and the hundreds of thousands homeless.

Showstack, Randy

317

Teachers' Attitudes towards Inclusion in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the opinions of general education teachers working in public elementary schools in Turkey regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities into their classrooms and their willingness also to include students with more severe learning disabilities. One hundred and ninety-four general education teachers completed the…

Rakap, Salih; Kaczmarek, Louise

2010-01-01

318

Soil liquefaction potential in Eskisehir, NW Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liquefaction is one of the critical problems in geotechnical engineering. High ground water levels and alluvial soils have a high potential risk for damage due to liquefaction, especially in seismically active regions. Eskisehir urban area, studied in this article, is situated within the second degree earthquake region on the seismic hazard zonation map of Turkey and is surrounded by Eskisehir,

H. Tosun; E. Seyrek; A. Orhan; H. Savas; M. Türköz

2011-01-01

319

Factors Influencing Teaching Choice in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why choose to become a teacher in Turkey? The authors examined motivations and perceptions among preservice teachers (N = 1577) encompassing early childhood, primary and secondary education. The Factors Influencing Teaching Choice (FIT-Choice) instrument was translated into Turkish and its construct validity and reliability assessed. Altruistic…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Watt, Helen M. G.; Richardson, Paul W.

2012-01-01

320

Transition to Family Practice in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Turkey's primary health care (PHC) system was established in the beginning of the 1960s and provides preventive and curative basic medical services to the population. This article describes the experience of the Turkish health system, as it tries to adapt to the European health system. It describes the current organization of primary…

Gunes, Evrim Didem; Yaman, Hakan

2008-01-01

321

Developments in Concrete Dam Construction in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Economic exploitation of Turkey's water resources requires construction of about 600 dams. One-fifth of them are in operation, one-tenth under construction, one-eighth are at the stage of final design and more than half of them are only at the planning st...

U. Oezis M. Alsan

1990-01-01

322

Turkey's Role in the Greater Middle East.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For much of the last five decades, Turkey has been regarded by many European observers as a strategic ally but not as a front line NATO member. Its status in the Alliance--as a developing Islamic state with a strong Ottoman tradition that is nonetheless l...

J. C. Snyder

1995-01-01

323

Re-examination of Turkey red.  

PubMed

Cotton yarn was dyed in Turkey red using madder through a special method. Amount of the dyestuffs bound to mordanted cotton fibre and the oiling numbers of the cotton yarn was investigated by using TLC (thin layer chromatography) and spectrophotometry. Sn(II) in the bright red cotton yarn was analysed by X-ray diffraction method. PMID:17867541

Karadag, Recep; Dolen, Emre

2007-07-01

324

Risk and Career Choice: Evidence from Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we examine the college major choice decision in a risk and return framework using university entrance exam data from Turkey. Specifically we focus on the choice between majors with low income risk such as education and health and others with riskier income streams. We use a unique dataset that allows us to control for the choice set…

Caner, Asena; Okten, Cagla

2010-01-01

325

Curie-point depth map of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Curie-point isotherm map of the whole of Turkey has been prepared from aeromagnetic data by means of a spectral analysis technique. The most characteristic signature of this map is that the shallow depths generally correlated with the young volcanic rocks and the thinned crustal thicknesses in the west reveal geothermal fields and several hot springs. The orogenic Pontide belt

Ibrahim Aydin; Halil I. Karat; Ali Koçak

2005-01-01

326

Changing Emphasis: Rethinking Turkey's Early Literacy Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of National Education in Turkey initiated a new early reading instruction method in 2004. Analytical approach (Whole Language), as defined in the curriculum, was abandoned and phoneme based approach (Phonics) was introduced. This research has a two year longitudinal perspective and aims to collect the opinions of teachers about the…

Sahin, Ismet

2006-01-01

327

Teachers’ attitudes towards inclusion in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the opinions of general education teachers working in public elementary schools in Turkey regarding the inclusion of students with disabilities into their classrooms and their willingness also to include students with more severe learning disabilities. One hundred and ninety?four general education teachers completed the survey package. The analysis of data showed that the sample possessed slightly negative

Salih Rakap; Louise Kaczmarek

2010-01-01

328

Elementary School Curriculum Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to examine the nature of the new elementary school curriculum in Turkey. In particular, the authors provide a coherent picture of the fundamentals, basic elements and the classroom implications of the new curriculum development initiative in five content areas: mathematics, science, social science, life science, and Turkish. This…

Koc, Yusuf; Isiksal, Mine; Bulut, Safure

2007-01-01

329

Global attention to Turkey due to desertification.  

PubMed

Desertification has recognized as an environmental problem by many international organizations such as UN, NATO and FAO. Desertification in Turkey is generally caused by incorrect land use, excessive grazing, forest fires, urbanization, industry, genetic erosion, soil erosion, salinization, and uncontrolled wild type plants picking. Due to anthropogenic destruction of forest, steppe flora gradually became dominant in Anatolia. In terms of biodiversity, Turkey has a significant importance in Europe and Middle East. Nine thousands plant species naturally grown in Turkey, one third of them are endemic. Also, endemic species of vertebrates, thrive in the lakes and marshy areas. The studies of modelling simulation of vegetation on the effects of Mediterranean climate during the Roman Classical period by using vegetation history showed that, in 2000 years BP, Mediterranean countries were more humid than today. Turkey is a special place on the global concern in terms of desertification because of biodiversity, agricultural potential, high population, social and economical structure, topographical factors and strategic regional location. Communication among scientists, decision makers and international non-profit organizations must be improved. PMID:17057981

Camci Cetin, S; Karaca, A; Haktanir, K; Yildiz, H

2007-05-01

330

Shadow Prices for Project Appraisal in Turkey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper is a study of the shadow prices to be used for project appraisal in Turkey. It arrives at estimates of various efficiency pricing and social pricing parameters taking into account the Turkish import and export regime and the objectives of the G...

A. Mashayekhi

1980-01-01

331

Multigrade Schooling in Turkey: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews multigrade schooling in Turkey, with an emphasis on its status in the education system, as well as the curriculum practices, teacher training and problems associated with it. It is viewed by the State as an "inevitable" practice that arises through limited number of pupils and classrooms in small and scattered settlement areas…

Aksoy, Naciye

2008-01-01

332

Early Childhood Education: The Case of Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now widely recognized that early childhood education has paramount significance for the well-being of societies. In this study, the current situation of early childhood education in Turkey is discussed mainly in terms of its perception by the government, the school enrollment rate and the quality of early childhood education programs. The…

Usakli, Hakan

2010-01-01

333

Clopidogrel, Turkey and a red herring?  

PubMed Central

The authors present the case of acute hepatitis E in a 61-year-old Edinburgh man who had returned from a holiday in Turkey 6 weeks previously. Diagnosis was ambiguous with his presentation initially attributed to a drug-induced liver injury.

Leighton, SP; Gordon, C; Shand, A

2011-01-01

334

Fundamentalist Bedfellows: Political Creationism in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines Islamic creationism and anti-evolutionism in Turkey, provides information about political and cultural changes starting from the 1920s, and discusses Islamic movements at this time. Presents examples of politicians' approaches to this issue and points out the effects of Christian creationism and the Institute for Creation Research (ICR) on…

Shapiro, Arthur M.

1999-01-01

335

Internet Censorship in Turkey: University Students' Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to study university students' opinions toward online censorship with references to their socio-political and economic variables. Considering the upwards trend and the increasing number of online restrictions in Turkey, the opinions of university students (n=138) are thought to give significant findings. The questionnaire…

Ozkan, Hasan; Arikan, Arda

2009-01-01

336

Educational Research in Turkey, 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of 62 educational research projects, completed or in progress in Turkey during 1973-74, are contained in this survey. Information is outlined in 12 major categories. Included in the categories are title, organization, researcher(s), progress status, bibliographic references, background and aims, size and composition of sample, methods,…

Ozgentas, Ibrahim, Ed.

337

Educational Research in Turkey, 1971-1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summaries of 34 educational research projects, completed or in progress in Turkey during 1971-72, are contained in this survey. Information is outlined in 12 major categories: title, organization, researcher(s), progress status, bibliographic references, background and aim(s), size and composition of sample, methods, main findings, number of…

Ozgentas, Ibrahim, Ed.

338

Probabilistic Ontology Learner in Semantic Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present the Semantic Turkey Ontology Learner (ST-OL), an incremental ontology learning system, that follows\\u000a two main ideas: (1) putting final users in the learning loop; (2) using a probabilistic ontology learning model that exploits\\u000a transitive relations for inducing better extraction models.

Francesca Fallucchi; Noemi Scarpato; Armando Stellato; Fabio Massimo Zanzotto

2009-01-01

339

Globalization and English Language Policy in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that globalization has made a considerable impact on multidimensional aspects of human life including the language policies of many countries. This article examines the adjustment of Turkey's language policy in response to the global influence of English at different levels of Turkish national education, including its…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2009-01-01

340

Vocational and Technical Education Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey is a country where individual rights and freedom of people are improving. It is known that a free market economy is in its infancy. There is a strong relationship between developed human resources and the production sector. In this sense, vocational and technical education is very important. It cannot be said that the efforts for…

Kilic, Abdurrahman

2006-01-01

341

25 CFR 161.100 - Do tribal laws apply to grazing permits?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...laws; (c) The superseding or modifying of the regulation would not violate a federal statute or judicial decision, or conflict with the Secretary's general trust responsibility under federal law; and (d) The superseding or modifying of the...

2011-04-01

342

36 CFR 60.2 - Effects of listing under Federal law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Effects of listing under Federal law. The National Register is an authoritative guide to be used by Federal, State, and local...property on the National Register does not prohibit under Federal law or regulation any...

2013-07-01

343

Decreasing trend of groundwater in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In these days the increasing demand for water has created problems for availability of its resources. Some recent issues like population growth, global warming and inefficient methods of water consumption, generated the need to find sources of water other than surface water such as ground water. Excess using of groundwater in most parts of the world causes depletion of ground water in those areas. Scientists are trying to find efficient means to quantify these trends. GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) including two satellites launched in March 2002, is making measurements of the Earth's gravity field which is used to display the change of storage of the water on the Earth. GRACE makes it possible to find the trend of the change of storage all over the world.It can show specific areas in the world that have dramatic decreasing trend of water storage. One of these regions that have been considered in this study is Turkey in western Asia, as one of the countries deeply affected by global warming. Turkey is identified as one of the first places where desertification will start in Europe, according to estimates by the UN Environment Program (UNEP). Turkey has 25 underground water tables and they had a decrease in level of 27 meters in the past 25 years (Turkey water report 2009). In this paper the change of the ground water is evaluated by applying the GRACE storage anomalies and the mass conservation equation that concludes the reduction trend in groundwater. The results clarify that decreasing trend of groundwater is more noticeable during recent years, particularly since 2006. Our results show that in recent years the average decrease in ground water level is 2.5 cm per year and the maximum decrease occurred in May 2007 with the value of about 7.9 cm. KEY WORDS: water resources; Ground water; Turkey; GRACE

Sarachi, S.; Moghim, S.; Famiglietti, J. S.

2010-12-01

344

9 CFR 381.68 - Maximum inspection rates-New turkey inspection system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Maximum inspection rates-New turkey inspection system. 381.68 Section...68 Maximum inspection ratesâNew turkey inspection system. (a) The maximum inspection rates for one inspector New Turkey Inspection (NTI-1 and NTI-1...

2010-01-01

345

78 FR 56865 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From India and Turkey: Postponement of Preliminary...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Oil Country Tubular Goods From India and Turkey: Postponement of Preliminary Determination...Shane Subler at (202) 482-0189 (Turkey), AD/CVD Operations, Import Administration...oil country tubular goods from India and Turkey.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary...

2013-09-16

346

Turkey's Membership in the European Union: Analyzing Potential Benefits and Drawbacks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey's application for associate membership in the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gain candidate stat...

A. Pehlivan

2008-01-01

347

75 FR 44766 - Certain Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe from Turkey: Final Results of Countervailing Duty...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe from Turkey: Final Results of Countervailing Duty...welded carbon steel standard pipe from Turkey for the January 1, 2008, through December...Welded Carbon Steel Standard Pipe From Turkey: Preliminary Results of...

2010-07-29

348

78 FR 77420 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From the Republic of Turkey: Preliminary Negative...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From the Republic of Turkey: Preliminary Negative Countervailing Duty Determination...certain oil tubular goods (OCTG) from the Republic of Turkey (Turkey). The period of investigation is January 1,...

2013-12-23

349

9 CFR 381.68 - Maximum inspection rates-New turkey inspection system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Maximum inspection rates-New turkey inspection system. 381.68 Section...68 Maximum inspection ratesâNew turkey inspection system. (a) The maximum inspection rates for one inspector New Turkey Inspection (NTI-1 and NTI-1...

2009-01-01

350

78 FR 73838 - Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Turkey: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [C-489-819] Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar From Turkey: Postponement...countervailing duty investigation on steel concrete reinforcing bar from Turkey.\\1\\ The...1\\ See Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bar from Turkey:...

2013-12-09

351

76 FR 48802 - Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey; Notice of Amended Final Results of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration [A-489-807] Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey; Notice...antidumping duty order on certain steel concrete reinforcing bars (rebar) from Turkey. See Certain Steel Concrete Reinforcing Bars From Turkey;...

2011-08-09

352

The Genome of Turkey Herpesvirus  

PubMed Central

Here we present the first complete genomic sequence of Marek's disease virus serotype 3 (MDV3), also known as turkey herpesvirus (HVT). The 159,160-bp genome encodes an estimated 99 putative proteins and resembles alphaherpesviruses in genomic organization and gene content. HVT is very similar to MDV1 and MDV2 within the unique long (UL) and unique short (US) genomic regions, where homologous genes share a high degree of colinearity and their proteins share a high level of amino acid identity. Within the UL region, HVT contains 57 genes with homologues found in herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), six genes with homologues found only in MDV, and two genes (HVT068 and HVT070 genes) which are unique to HVT. The HVT US region is 2.2 kb shorter than that of MDV1 (Md5 strain) due to the absence of an MDV093 (SORF4) homologue and to differences at the UL/short repeat (RS) boundary. HVT lacks a homologue of MDV087, a protein encoded at the UL/RS boundary of MDV1 (Md5), and it contains two homologues of MDV096 (glycoprotein E) in the RS. HVT RS are 1,039 bp longer than those in MDV1, and with the exception of an ICP4 gene homologue, the gene content is different from that of MDV1. Six unique genes, including a homologue of the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2, are found in the RS. This is the first reported Bcl-2 homologue in an alphaherpesvirus. HVT long repeats (RL) are 7,407 bp shorter than those in MDV1 and do not contain homologues of MDV1 genes with functions involving virulence, oncogenicity, and immune evasion. HVT lacks homologues of MDV1 oncoprotein MEQ, CxC chemokine, oncogenicity-associated phosphoprotein pp24, and conserved domains of phosphoprotein pp38. These significant genomic differences in and adjacent to RS and RL regions likely account for the differences in host range, virulence, and oncogenicity between nonpathogenic HVT and highly pathogenic MDV1.

Afonso, C. L.; Tulman, E. R.; Lu, Z.; Zsak, L.; Rock, D. L.; Kutish, G. F.

2001-01-01

353

Law and privacy on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the legal parameters that regulate Internet communications in the United States and includes the following arguments: Senate hearings on privacy, censorship and government control of Internet communications, the current debate regarding the exportation of encryption software and the laws that govern encryption as part of a national security measure, the United States constitution as it applies to

J. E. Weaver

1996-01-01

354

Occupational safety and health law handbook  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews the regulations and standards governing the protection of employees in the workplace and provides insight into dealing with pertinent regulations and regulatory authorities. Written for safety professionals, industrial hygienists, human resource professionals, attorneys, and students, this companion to Government Institutes' best-selling ``Environmental Law Handbook'' offers the legal fundamentals behind occupational safety and health laws in one concise and authoritative volume. In 19 chapters, the authoring law firm of Keller and Heckman cover the OSHAct and its development; OSHA, NIOSH, and OSHRC; the roles played by other regulatory agencies; the OSHA rulemaking process; OSHA Standards and the General Duty Clause; record keeping and reporting; employers' and employees' rights; inspections; violations, penalties, and how to contest them; criminal prosecutions; state plans; industry-specific issues; OSHA reform; and international regulations and standards. This book references approximately 400 seminal OSHA legal decisions from the approximately 1,300 cases on record and includes coverage of Canadian and European Community regulations, making it the first comprehensive global overview of occupational safety and health law.

Sarvadi, D.G. [ed.; Keller; Heckman

1999-09-01

355

Newton's Law of Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The two activities included in this guide introduce students to the principles behind Newton's Law of Gravitation and help students learn aspects of the law in an interesting and engaging way. This guide provides teachers with background information pertaining to the activities, preparation suggestions for each activity, as well as material lists, and demonstrations. The activity guide assumes knowledge of Newton's Second Law of Motion, can be tailored for the level of the students, and can be completed individually or in groups. This is the last of four posters on Newton's Laws and a copy of the wallsheet intended to accompany these activities is available on this website.

356

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

357

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Español Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

358

German Law Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Gerhard Dannemann of the Centre for the Advanced Study of European and Comparative Law at University of Oxford, this site features cases, literature, and bibliographies on German law. Documents contained in the archive are organized in four sections: Judgments and other decisions by German courts; Statues: Acts of Parliament and statutory instruments; Literature on German law; and Bibliographies on German law. Additional resources include an internal search engine and related links. Some of the sections are still under development, and information for potential contributors to the archive is provided.

359

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

360

Establishing tradable water rights: implementation of the Mexican water law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexico passed a new water law in 1992 that shifted from state-managed water policy to a regulated market-oriented policy with tradable water rights. Water trading will initially be closely supervised by government agencies, but the law includes a number of provisions that will allow liberalization of water markets as water users become more involved in operation and management of water

Mark W. Rosegrant; Renato Gazmuri Schleyer

1996-01-01

361

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The optimal…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

362

The Law of Higher Education, 1997 Supplement. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1997 supplement to "The Law of Higher Education: A Comprehensive Guide to Lead Implications of Administrative Decision Making, Third Edition" (1995) (ED 383 256), includes discussions of court opinions, statutes, regulations, and related developments, and cites selected law journal articles, books, and other resources concerning the legal…

Kaplin, William A.; Lee, Barbara A.

363

Law enforcement personnel needs of a state natural resource agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we assess personnel needs of the Law Enforcement Division (LED) of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD). The LED's mission is to enforce Texas’ laws and regulations regarding hunting, fishing, and other uses of wildlife resources for recreational and commercial purposes. Texas is a leading state nationally in outdoor recreational use of natural resources. It ranks

John K. Thomas; Clark E. Adams; Ge Wang

1999-01-01

364

Groundwater contamination and its effect on health in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sources of groundwater pollution in Turkey are identified, and pathways of contaminants to groundwater are first described.\\u000a Then, the effects of groundwater quality on health in Turkey are evaluated. In general, sources of groundwater contamination\\u000a fall into two main categories: natural and anthropogenic sources. Important sources of natural groundwater pollution in Turkey\\u000a include geological formations, seawater intrusion, and geothermal

Alper Baba; Gokmen Tayfur

365

Use of energy and labour in apricot agriculture in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is the biggest apricot producer in the world with 538,000t production per annum and 20.15% market share. Moreover, 83% of the dried apricots in world markets are produced in Turkey. In this research; the energy budget of traditionally applied apricot agriculture—one of the means of subsistence in Malatya region of Turkey—is evaluated. Total yield, apricot mass\\/pit mass ratio and

Ibrahim Gezer; Mustafa Acaro?lu; Haydar Hacisefero?ullari

2003-01-01

366

12 CFR 226.28 - Effect on State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...time period for making written notice under this regulation has expired. If a creditor gives written notice of a consumer's rights under such State law, the notice shall state that reliance on the longer time period available under State...

2010-01-01

367

12 CFR 226.28 - Effect on State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...time period for making written notice under this regulation has expired. If a creditor gives written notice of a consumer's rights under such State law, the notice shall state that reliance on the longer time period available under State...

2009-01-01

368

Postsecondary Athletics and the Law: A Selected Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Categories of this annotated list are: General Materials, Books; General Materials, Articles; Organizations; Sex Discrimination and Title IX; The NCAA and the Regulation of Collegiate Sports; Broadcasting; Transnational Sports; Sports Violence; Sports, Law, and Medicine; and Miscellaneous. (AF)

Edmonds, Edmund P.

1977-01-01

369

36 CFR 8.4 - Federal and State labor laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...established pursuant to Federal or State labor laws, such as those concerning minimum wages, child labor, hours of work, and safety...concessioners shall comply with Federal child labor regulations regardless of...

2013-07-01

370

Federal Workplace Laws: Are Business Work Experience Programs in Compliance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews federal laws (Fair Labor Standard Act's child labor regulations, Occupational Safety and Health Act, Immigration Reform and Control Act) for their implications for cooperative education and school-to-work programs. (SK)

Rader, Martha H.; Kurth, Linda A.

1999-01-01

371

50 CFR 600.1201 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Shark Finning § 600.1201 Relation to other laws...section. (b) Regulations pertaining to shark conservation and management for certain shark fisheries are also set forth in this...

2010-10-01

372

50 CFR 600.1201 - Relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMERCE MAGNUSON-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS Shark Finning § 600.1201 Relation to other laws...section. (b) Regulations pertaining to shark conservation and management for certain shark fisheries are also set forth in this...

2009-10-01

373

25 CFR 163.4 - Secretarial recognition of tribal laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 163.4 Section 163.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS General Provisions § 163.4 Secretarial recognition of tribal laws. Subject to the...

2011-04-01

374

26 CFR 509.102 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) REGULATIONS UNDER TAX CONVENTIONS SWITZERLAND General Income Tax § 509.102 Applicable provisions of law. (a) General. The Internal Revenue Code of...

2010-04-01

375

Law on Foreign Investment, People's Republic of Angola.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contains an English language translation of the new Angola investment law enacted in 1989 and the implementing regulations published in 1990; these are the most recently available and constitute part of the country's economic recovery program...

1991-01-01

376

School Law Update...Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues are addressed in the 15 separate papers that make up this volume. The introductory chapter by William C. Bednar, Jr. provides a broad-based rationale for "Preventive School Law." Chapters 2 and 3, both by Gerald A. Caplan, review "Current Issues in Reduction-in-Force" and "First Amendment Claims by…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

377

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

378

Information Law and Copyright.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of information law's inability to keep up with rapid changes in information technology and impreciseness of the law, copyrighting of databases poses unique problems. Interpretation of fair use doctrine, privately owned computer "downloading," impact of federal electronic filing, and questions concerning information businesses need to be…

Marx, Peter A.

1986-01-01

379

Reinventing Howard's Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by Alice Gresham Bullock, dean of the Howard University School of Law, to improve the school (including building a new library and improving relations with faculty) and restore Howard to its previous stature as a leader in civil rights law. (EV)

Glenn, Gwendolyn

2001-01-01

380

Know Your Laws. Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ackerson, Leonor

381

Scaling Laws for SGEMP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scaling laws for the nonlinear system-generated electromagnetic pulse (SGEMP) problem are defined and resulting implications for theory and experiments are explored. The scaling laws are used to present calculations in a scaled format which permits display of responses to a wide range of variations in fluence, spectrum, pulse width, and characteristic dimension. Interesting trends in the solutions as a function

A. J. Woods; E. P. Wenaas

1976-01-01

382

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

383

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

384

Pop Goes the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school applicants has dropped from…

Harper, Steven J.

2013-01-01

385

Law Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal edition focuses upon the many resources for teachers to draw upon in order to infuse law-related education (LRE) into their classrooms. Isidore Starr explains the reasons behind the LRE movement, while Mabel McKinney-Browning describes the existing American Bar Association's programs in LRE. Judith Zimmer covers the Street Law

Maslow, R., Ed.; Kirchgaessner, R., Ed.

1989-01-01

386

Science and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explaines the role of the Carnegie Commission which was formed to explore the relationship between the disciplines of science, technology, and the law. Discusses concerns about the individual right of privacy in projects such as the Human Genome Project. Focuses on the panel on Science, Technology, and Law which was established in 1999. (YDS)

Kennedy, Donald; Merrill, Richard A.

2000-01-01

387

Laws of data refinement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A specification language typically contains sophisticated data types that are expensive or even impossible to implement. Their replacement with simpler or more efficiently implementable types during the programming process is called data refinement. We give a new formal definiton of data refinement and use it to derive some basic laws. The derived laws are constructive in that used in conjunction

Joseph M. Morris

1989-01-01

388

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral, important,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

389

Lotka's Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the literature that has become associated with Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity (a general theoretical estimate of author productivity in the sciences) and attempts to identify the important factors of Lotka's original methodology that should be considered when attempting to test applicability of Lotka's Law. Forty-seven references…

Potter, William Gray

1981-01-01

390

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

391

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

392

Ohm's Law 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this extension to the Ohm's Law I activity, students observe just how much time it takes to use up the "juice" in a battery, and if it is better to use batteries in series or parallel. This extension is suitable as a teacher demonstration and may be started before students begin work on the Ohm's Law I activity.

K-12 Outreach Office,

393

Nanotechnology and the Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Law and nanotechnology form a vast subject. The aim here will be to examine them from the societal standpoint of nanoethics, if necessary without due reference to the work that has been undertaken. For while law differs from ethics, as we shall attempt to explain throughout this reflection, it must also be studied in its relationship with social realities.

Desmoulin-Canselier, Sonia; Lacour, Stéphanie

394

Natural infection of turkeys by infectious laryngotracheitis virus.  

PubMed

The infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) is an important respiratory pathogen of chickens that also infects pheasants and peafowl. Epidemiologically non-related commercial turkey flocks with clinical signs such as tracheitis, swollen sinuses, conjunctivitis and expectoration of bloody mucus were examined for the presence of the virus. Laboratory ILTV detection was performed by virus isolation in embryonated eggs and cell cultures, PCR and sequencing of amplification products, histopathology, indirect immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. One ILTV turkey isolate was also experimentally inoculated into susceptible chickens and turkeys, reproducing a mild respiratory disease. This is the first description of natural infections with ILTV in turkeys. PMID:18436397

Portz, Cristiana; Beltrão, Nilzane; Furian, Thales Quedi; Júnior, Alfredo Bianco; Macagnan, Marisa; Griebeler, Josiane; Lima Rosa, Carlos André Veiga; Colodel, Edson Moleta; Driemeier, David; Back, Alberto; Barth Schatzmayr, Ortrud Monika; Canal, Cláudio Wageck

2008-09-18

395

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

396

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

397

Impact crater scaling laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Impact craters are numerous on planetary bodies and furnish important information about the composition and past histories of those bodies. The interpretation of that information requires knowledge about the fundamental aspects of impact cratering mechanics. Since the typical conditions of impacts are at a size scale and velocity far in excess of experimental capabilities, direct simulations are precluded. Therefore, one must rely on extrapolation from experiments of relatively slow impacts of very small bodies, using physically based scaling laws, or must study the actual cases of interest using numerical code solutions of the fundamental physical laws that govern these processes. A progress report is presented on research on impact cratering scaling laws, on numerical studies that were designed to investigate those laws, and on various applications of the scaling laws developed by the author and his colleagues. These applications are briefly reviewed.

Holsapple, K. A.

1987-01-01

398

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

399

Stanford Technology Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, sponsored by the Stanford University Law School, among others, "publishes articles, book reviews, and working papers within the intersection of law, policy, and science/technology." At present one article and three working papers are available. They cover topics such as the Reno v. ACLU decision, who the makers of law in cyberspace should be, how cyberlaw might be different from other law, and changes in evidentiary privileges as a result of the advances in telecommunications. Authors range from litigation counsels at MCI to Eugene Volokh and Lawrence Lessig, University of California-Los Angeles and Harvard University Law professors respectively. The site also contains a virtual symposium on "cloning sheep, cloning people." Note that papers and articles are available in multiple formats.

1997-01-01

400

Combining AHP with GIS for landfill site selection: A case study in the Lake Bey?ehir catchment area (Konya, Turkey)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Landfills are the most common method for the disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Turkey. However, determining the location of landfill sites is a difficult and complex process because it must combine social, environmental and technical parameters. Additionally, it depends on several criteria and regulations. The main objective of this study was to select of a landfill site for

?ehnaz ?ener; Erhan ?ener; Bilgehan Nas; Remzi Karagüzel

2010-01-01

401

Wildcat tests structure in northwest Turkey  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that in January, Aladdin Middle East Ltd. spudded 1 Cinarli, a wildcat on the western margin of the Sea of Marmara in the area of some of the earliest documented oil and gas shows in Turkey. Aladdin and an affiliate, Transmediterranean Oil Co., moved Aladdin Rig No. 5, an Ideco Rambler H-1000, and all ancillary gear and camp equipment more than 1,000 miles by road and rail from Diyarbakir in Southeast Turkey to the drill site in Thrace in the far Northwest. The well will test an anticline identified as early as the 1930s in a region with several other exploratory prospects where past drilling has never tested a prospect with four-way dip closure. Aladdin and Transmediterranean are involved in some 600,000 acres around the 2 Cinarli wildcat.

Durkee, E.F. (Aladdin Middle East Ltd., Ankara (TR))

1992-03-09

402

Epidemiology of pityriasis versicolor in Adana, Turkey.  

PubMed

Pityriasis versicolor is a common superficial mycoses of the skin. It is now recognized that the causative organisms of this infection are different species of Malassezia. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of Malassezia species in patients with pityriasis versicolor in Adana, Turkey. In total, 97 patients positive for Malassezia elements, namely, yeast cells and short hyphae in microscopic examination, were included in the study. All samples were inoculated in plates containing modified Dixon's medium. However, only 44 of the patients (45.4%) showed Malassezia spp. in culture. Malassezia globosa (47.7%) was the most commonly isolated species followed by Malassezia furfur (36.4%) and Malassezia slooffiae (15.9%). Mixed Malassezia species were not isolated. In conclusion, M. globosa was found to be the predominant PV isolate in Adana, Turkey. PMID:19583685

Karaka?, Mehmet; Turaç-Biçer, Aygül; Ilkit, Macit; Durdu, Murat; Seydao?lu, Gül?ah

2009-07-01

403

Wild turkey poult survival in southcentral Iowa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Poult survival is key to understanding annual change in wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) populations. Survival of eastern wild turkey poults (M. g. silvestris) 0-4 weeks posthatch was studied in southcentral Iowa during 1994-97. Survival estimates of poults were calculated based on biweekly flush counts and daily locations acquired via radiotelemetry. Poult survival averaged 0.52 ?? 0.14% (?? ?? SE) for telemetry counts and 0.40 ?? 0.15 for flush counts. No within-year or across-year differences were detected between estimation techniques. More than 72% (n = 32) of documented poult mortality occurred ???14 days posthatch, and mammalian predation accounted for 92.9% of documented mortality. If mortality agents are not of concern, we suggest biologists conduct 4-week flush counts to obtain poult survival estimates for use in population models and development of harvest recommendations.

Hubbard, M. W.; Garner, D. L.; Klaas, E. E.

1999-01-01

404

Response of the Hepatic Transcriptome to Aflatoxin B1 in Domestic Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)  

PubMed Central

Dietary exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is detrimental to avian health and leads to major economic losses for the poultry industry. AFB1 is especially hepatotoxic in domestic turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), since these birds are unable to detoxify AFB1 by glutathione-conjugation. The impacts of AFB1 on the turkey hepatic transcriptome and the potential protection from pretreatment with a Lactobacillus-based probiotic mixture were investigated through RNA-sequencing. Animals were divided into four treatment groups and RNA was subsequently recovered from liver samples. Four pooled RNA-seq libraries were sequenced to produce over 322 M reads totaling 13.8 Gb of sequence. Approximately 170,000 predicted transcripts were de novo assembled, of which 803 had significant differential expression in at least one pair-wise comparison between treatment groups. Functional analysis linked many of the transcripts significantly affected by AFB1 exposure to cancer, apoptosis, the cell cycle or lipid regulation. Most notable were transcripts from the genes encoding E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2, osteopontin, S-adenosylmethionine synthase isoform type-2, and lipoprotein lipase. Expression was modulated by the probiotics, but treatment did not completely mitigate the effects of AFB1. Genes identified through transcriptome analysis provide candidates for further study of AFB1 toxicity and targets for efforts to improve the health of domestic turkeys exposed to AFB1.

Monson, Melissa S.; Settlage, Robert E.; McMahon, Kevin W.; Mendoza, Kristelle M.; Rawal, Sumit; El-Nezami, Hani S.; Coulombe, Roger A.; Reed, Kent M.

2014-01-01

405

Earthquake hazard in Marmara Region, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earthquake hazard in the Marmara Region, Turkey has been investigated using time-independent probabilistic (simple Poissonian) and time-dependent probabilistic (renewal) models. The study culminated in hazard maps of the Marmara Region depicting peak ground acceleration (PGA) and spectral accelerations (SA)'s at 0.2 and 1 s periods corresponding to 10 and 2% probabilities of exceedance in 50yrs. The historical seismicity, the tectonic

M. Erdik; M. Demircioglu; K. Sesetyan; E. Durukal; B. Siyahi

2004-01-01

406

Solar-energy potential in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a new formula based on meteorological and geographical data was developed to determine the solar-energy potential in Turkey using artificial neural-networks (ANNs). Scaled conjugate gradient (SCG) and Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) learning algorithms and a logistic sigmoid transfer function were used in the network. Meteorological data for the last four years (2000?2003) from 18 cities (Bilecik, K?r?ehir, Akhisar, Bingöl,

Adnan Sözen; Erol Arcaklio?lu; Mehmet Özalp; E. Galip Kanit

2005-01-01

407

Seismicity and the Crustal Structure in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turkey and adjacent areas which is located in the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt suffer from active seismicity for many years. The number of recorded earthquakes in the area increase day by day with the improvement of the seismic networks operated in the area. A well defined crustal (velocity-depth) model is one of the most important parameters in the process and the location of earthquake data. Three largest networks of Turkey are operated by Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), Prime Ministry Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) and TÜB?TAK Marmara Research Center (MRC). In this study an integrated homogeneous earthquake catalogue is obtained by combining the catalogues of these three agencies operating seismic networks in Turkey. Approximately 120.000 earthquakes in five years between 2008 and 2013 recorded by more than 400 broadband stations, belonging to the networks of KOERI, AFAD and MRC in the area are combined and relocated. Integrated homogeneous earthquake catalogue obtained in the frame of this study from the combination of three different catalogues are used not only for a better understanding and interpretation of the active tectonics and seismicity in the area, but also for obtaining the regional one dimensional (1-D) P and S wave velocity-depth models on a variety of different regional crustal structures in Turkey. Determination of the detailed crustal structure on different lithospheric fragments and the relocation of earthquakes by using these new models will improve the knowledge on the seismicity and the distribution of earthquake clusters together with a better understanding of the correlation of these earthquake locations with the existing active faults. The results of the study will also serve as an input for later studies for the determination of three dimensional (3-D) Vp and Vp/Vs models in the area.

Cambaz, Didem

2014-05-01

408

Global Attention to Turkey Due to Desertification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Desertification has recognized as an environmental problem by many international organizations such as UN, NATO and FAO. Desertification\\u000a in Turkey is generally caused by incorrect land use, excessive grazing, forest fires, urbanization, industry, genetic erosion,\\u000a soil erosion, salinization, and uncontrolled wild type plants picking. Due to anthropogenic destruction of forest, steppe\\u000a flora gradually became dominant in Anatolia. In terms of

S. Camci Çetin; A. Karaca; K. Haktan?r; H. Yildiz

2007-01-01

409

Contemporary surface wind climatology of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study was to examine the climatological characteristics of boundary layer gradient winds in Turkey in detail. In the study, monthly average wind speed ( V m) data measured at 267 stations for the 16 directions, prevailing wind direction ( V p), and station pressure ( P s) data measured at 174 stations during the period 1970-2008 by the Turkish Meteorological Service (TMS) were used. The data were provided by the TMS. To attain the aim of the study, wind patterns of midseason months representing the seasonal wind distributions were used, and surface wind formations were examined through calculation of divergent and rotational components of the average wind rate. Besides, it was aimed at explaining the relationships between sea level pressure (SLP) patterns and wind formations. The patterns of midseason months were examined via the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). In accordance with V m data, it is seen that air flows in Turkey generally tend to orientate radially from west to east. Climatologically, the strongest prevailing winds in Turkey blow during the summer months, while the weakest winds blow during the autumn months. V m and V p distributions show a parallelism (i.e., wind gradient) in the months during which temperature differences between land and sea are high due to the differences in their specific heat values. The distributions of V m and V p values vary considerably in spring and autumn months during which temperature differences are relatively lower. According to the PCA results, the first two components represent the strong wind areas in Turkey. These components presumably explain the existence of coherent wind formation areas, which display different characteristics due to regional physical geographical factors and processes (e.g., orography, altitude, exposure, land-sea distribution, surface mechanical and thermodynamic modifications of the air masses and air flows, etc.) in addition to the direct effect of different synoptic-scale pressure and circulation conditions.

Sahin, Sinan; Türke?, Murat

2013-07-01

410

Public Procurement Auctions and Competition in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically investigates the effect of the competitive environment (number of participants) on the cost of procurement.\\u000a We use a unique dataset provided by the Public Procurement Authority (PPA) of Turkey that covers all of the government procurement auctions for the years 2004–2006. First, after controlling for possible endogeneity, we show\\u000a that the number of bidders significantly and negatively

?lke Onur; Rasim Özcan; Bedri Kamil Onur Ta?

2012-01-01

411

[Teaching about Law and Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies" contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and literature, in the form of the following six articles: "Law and Literature: New Combinations in Teaching" (John Paul Ryan); "Teaching Law and American Literature" (Janet Eldred); "Teaching Law with Sacco, Vanzetti, and the Rosenbergs" (Susan N. Herman); Ann…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1993-01-01

412

General aspect of pneumoconiosis in Turkey.  

PubMed

During the past 20 years number of definitive occupational diseases has not increased above 1500 case/year according to official statistics in Turkey. Although pneumoconiosis is the most diagnosed occupational disease, incidence of pneumoconiosis is very low.The present paper aims at reaching conclusions on the true dimension of the pneumoconiosis problem by evaluating whole the studies and case presentations related to coal mine dust and crystalline silica exposure within occupational environment.Regarding the results of the workplace-based studies it could be predicted that 20,000 out of 220,000 workers in mining sector could have pneumoconiosis and approximately 5,000 new pneumoconiosis cases might have occurred each year. Case presentations show high-level dust exposures present at the work places. These working conditions might cause acute pneumoconiosis. Poor working conditions exist especially at small and micro scale establishments.In Turkey, infrastructural and superstructural problems on workplace supervision and follow-up, legal processes on workers' health are complicated. Turkey has to provide healthy working conditions to those small-scale workplaces. Providing relevant assistance with activating people of the developed countries should be on top of the global efforts. PMID:21938215

Cimrin, Arif; Erdut, Zeki

2007-05-01

413

Assessing poverty and related factors in Turkey.  

PubMed

Poverty, a complex, multidimensional, and universal problem, has been conceptualized as income and material deprivation. In this article, we discuss poverty and related factors in Turkey. The absolute poverty line for Turkey was US$ 4 per capita per day. Turkey was ranked 92nd out of 177 countries with moderate human development in the 2006 Human Development Report. The individual food poverty rate was 1.35% and the non-food poverty rate was 25.6%. The highest poverty rate was among primary school graduates (42.5%; 38.5% for women and 46.8% for men). The rate for this group was higher in urban than in rural areas. Among poor people, 57.2% were married. The highest poverty rate was among agricultural workers (46.6%) and in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia. Factors related to poverty were crowded households, unemployment, immigration, working for a daily wage in the agricultural and construction sector, low educational status, female sex or married status, lacking social insurance, and living in rural areas or in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia. PMID:17948949

Saatci, Esra; Akpinar, Ersin

2007-10-01

414

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

415

Ideal Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual contains descriptions of a series of laboratories covering the ideal gas laws and ideal gas processes. These experiments are designed for introductory high school and college introductory physics, chemistry, and engineering courses. Each experiment includes the intended audience, learning goals, and a short introduction to the physics. The experiments include Boyleâs Law, work done in an isothermal process, adiabatic processes, thermodynamic cycles, and the heat capacity of a gas. These labs are designed for an adiabatic gas law apparatus developed at Andrews University.

Kutzner, Mickey; Wong, Peter

2011-11-18

416

Industrial hazardous waste management in Turkey: current state of the field and primary challenges.  

PubMed

A holistic evaluation of a country's hazardous waste management (HWM) practices is useful in identifying the necessary actions to focus on. Based on an analysis of industrial hazardous waste (HW) generation in Turkey, this paper attempts to critically evaluate and report current Turkish HWM practices and discuss the primary challenges to be addressed. The generation of industrial HW for Turkey reported in 2004 was 1.195 million tons, which accounted for 7% of the total industrial solid waste (ISW) generated by the manufacturing industry, and for nearly 4.9% of the total solid waste generated in the country. The HW generated by the top five manufacturing product categories--basic metals, chemicals and chemical products, food and beverages, coke and refined petroleum, motor vehicles and trailers--accounted for 89.0% of total industrial HW. 21% of the HW generated in 2004 was recycled or reused, and 6% was sold or donated, whereas 73% was sent to ultimate disposal. 67% of the HW sent to ultimate disposal was disposed of at municipal landfills. The total capacity of the existing regional HW facilities is 212,500 tons/year, which accounts for about 24% of the HW to be disposed. Turkey has identified the HW problem in the country and enacted legislation, designated a lead agency, and promulgated rules and regulations. Several new initiatives are planned for improving HW management nationally; however, some HWM problems will be persistent due to previous and existing industrial development plans. These development policies led to the concentration of industry in regions marked by precious agricultural fields and high population density. This occurred because the government previously exhibited a default prioritization towards industrial development, leading to insufficient implementation of regulations on HW generators. Some of the problems may also be rooted in other countries that allow illegal trans boundary HW movements despite international regulations. PMID:20015592

Salihoglu, Güray

2010-05-15

417

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

418

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

419

Detection of current and potential hazelnut plantation areas in Trabzon, North East Turkey using GIS and RS.  

PubMed

Monitoring agricultural products requires the periodic determination of land cover and the production of land use policies in an optimum way. The hazelnut is one of the important Turkish agricultural exports and Turkey provides 77% of the world's hazelnuts. In Turkey, hazelnut production exceeds the demand; new regulations have been enacted to create new land use policies. By putting into practice regulations restricting hazelnut plantation areas, a more efficient and productive hazelnut harvest policy could be created. Therefore, more information on existing land cover is required to determine optimum (or ideal) potential hazelnut areas (PHA) and to forecast future crop production. The principle aim of this study is to create a methodology for determining existing PHA, using Geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) techniques regarding to support hazelnut policy developers and economists. This study was basically carried out in the province of Trabzon, which is one of the most important hazelnut production areas in Turkey. Landsat ETM+ image was used to generate a current land cover classification. Using the supervised classification method, overall accuracy was determined to be 84.7%. Suitable hazelnut areas were determined according to criteria settled by government regulations. PMID:17405326

Reis, Selçuk; Yomralioglu, Tahsin

2006-10-01

420

The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy: IJCL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first issue of The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy (IJCLP) is now online. IJCLP is a quarterly, full-text, peer-reviewed electronic journal for legal academics and practitioners, covering topics related to "regulation and policy in the converging sectors of computing, telecommunications and broadcasting." All of the articles, case notes, legislative and policy analyses, conference reviews and abstracts, publication reviews, and work-in-progress in the journal can be viewed online in full-text or downloaded in .rtf format. IJCLP has an international editorial and advisory board and is a joint project of the Programme in Comparative Media Law & Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal-Studies, Oxford University; the Administrative Law Department of the Institute for Information, Telecommunications and Media Law (ITM), University of Munster; and the European Media Regulation Seminar Group, University of Warwick School of Law.

421

Law, evolution and the brain: applications and open questions.  

PubMed Central

This paper discusses several issues at the intersection of law and brain science. It focuses principally on ways in which an improved understanding of how evolutionary processes affect brain function and human behaviour may improve law's ability to regulate behaviour. It explores sample uses of such 'evolutionary analysis in law' and also raises questions about how that analysis might be improved in the future. Among the discussed uses are: (i) clarifying cost-benefit analyses; (ii) providing theoretical foundation and potential predictive power; (iii) assessing comparative effectiveness of legal strategies; and (iv) revealing deep patterns in legal architecture. Throughout, the paper emphasizes the extent to which effective law requires: (i) building effective behavioural models; (ii) integrating life-science perspectives with social-science perspectives; (iii) considering the effects of brain biology on behaviours that law seeks to regulate; and (iv) examining the effects of evolutionary processes on brain design.

Jones, Owen D

2004-01-01

422

The matching law  

PubMed Central

The matching law may be viewed either as an empirical generalization, and therby subject to disproof, or as part of a system of equations used to define the utility (“value”) of a reinforcer. In the latter case it is tautologous, and not subject to disproof within the defining context. A failure to obtain matching will most often be a signal that the independent variables have not been properly scaled. If, however, the proper transformations have been made on the independent variables, and matching is not obtained, the experimental paradigm may be outside the purview of the matching law. At that point, reinterpretations or revisions of the law are called for. The theoretical matching law is but one of many possible ways to define utility, and it may eventually be rejected in favor of a more useful definition.

Killeen, Peter

1972-01-01

423

Assistive Technology Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... the Rehabilitation Act requires that all electronic and information technologies developed and used by any Federal government agency ... gov/telecom.html Federal Government Procurement of Accessible Information Technology Public Law 105-220 section 408 [29 USC ...

424

Civil Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps personnel on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, rela...

1987-01-01

425

Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts a truck with a ladder on its roof stopping quickly so that the ladder is thrown from the top of the truck. The representation is contained within a slide show explaining Newton's 1st Law of Motion.

426

Model State Idling Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May, 2004, at the National Idle Reduction Planning Conference in Albany, New York, representatives from the trucking industry identified the inconsistent pattern and design of state and local vehicle idle restriction laws as a barrier to greater implem...

2006-01-01

427

The Abortion Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This privately posted page offers extensive and highly credible information on legislation and jurisprudence relating to abortion in the US. The site offers thoroughly linked discussions of constitutional law, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, state and federal abortion laws, including partial-birth abortion laws, and much more. The hypertext links are to primary documents including court decisions, texts of legislation, court briefs, and oral argument transcripts. There is also an index to primary documents for ease of access. We found the page to have no political agenda. As the author states, "this page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known."

428

Newton's Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of web pages, part of From Stargazers to Starships, describes Newton's three laws of motion and the two concepts on which they are based, force and inertia. A lesson plan for instructors is also provided.

Stern, David P.

2004-10-09

429

What Is Benford's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The surprising property of many data sets that their first significant digits follow Benford's Law provides examples that can pique and hold students' interest. Several ideas for student activities are presented.

Bradley, Jonathan R.; Farnsworth, David L.

2009-01-01

430

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

431

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... 3 restrict school bus drivers from texting. Crash Data Collection: Nearly all states include at least one category ... Criteria (MMUCC) guideline provides best practices on distraction data collection. Preemption Laws: Many localities have passed their own ...

432

An Examination of Articles Published on Preschool Education in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to examine articles published in Turkey on Preschool Education both in terms of subject and method. Sample of the study based on document analysis in qualitative method consists of seven Turkey-based journals indexed in SSCI (Social Science Citation Index) and 10 journals indexed in Turkish Academic Network and Information Center…

Yilmaz, Kursad; Altinkurt, Yahya

2012-01-01

433

Long-range aerosol transport from Europe to Istanbul, Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Northern and western parts of Turkey frequently experience air pollution episodes. Transport of air pollutants from Europe to these regions has not been studied sufficiently. This study aims to identify and analyze the contribution of long-range aerosol transport to air pollution in the city of Istanbul. Istanbul is the largest urban settlement in Northwestern Turkey, with more than 12 million

T. Kindap; A. Unal; S.-H. Chen; Y. Hu; M. T. Odman; M. Karaca

2006-01-01

434

Implications of Bilingual Development for Specific Language Impairments in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The potential impact of bilingualism on children's language development has emerged as a crucial concern for Turkey, but so far it has not been addressed from the point of view of language disorders. This short review examines the potential impact of bilingual language development for language impairments in Turkey, with special emphasis on the…

Topbas, Seyhun

2011-01-01

435

Curriculum Assessment: Constructivist Primary Mathematics Curriculum in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many national and international studies put forward the idea that primary education in Turkey is questionable in many aspects. As a result, the Ministry of National Education changed primary curriculums in 2004 in Turkey. The curriculum for primary mathematics was redeveloped taking into consideration constructivist theory of education. The…

Sahin, Ismet

2010-01-01

436

The Use of Computers in K-12 Schools in Turkey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the Turkish educational system, technological developments, and changing educational needs. Discusses instructional technology programs in Turkey; new information technology (IT) policies in Turkey; the World Bank supported "Project for Globalization in Education 2000"; IT policies for teacher training programs; and the outlook for the…

Akkoyunlu, Buket; Orhan, Feza

2001-01-01

437

Private Education as a Policy Tool in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses privatization as policy tool to solve educational problems in Turkey. Turkey, as a developing country, is faced with many problems in education. Large class size, low enrollment rate, girl's education, high illiteracy rate, religious education, textbooks, curriculum and multicultural education are some of the important…

Cinoglu, Mustafa

2006-01-01

438

Subclinical Infections with Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Turkey  

PubMed Central

To investigate Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Turkey, we conducted a seroepidemiologic survey during January–April 2009. Seroprevalence of infection was 10% in a sample from an outbreak region and increased with patient age, indicating that the virus had been previously present in Turkey. We also estimated that 88% of infections were subclinical.

Akinci, Esragul; Ascioglu, Sibel; Onguru, Pinar; Uyar, Yavuz

2012-01-01

439

Sustainable development of hydropower and biomass energy in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with policies to meet the increasing energy demand for electricity and domestic heating in Turkey. Air pollutant emissions due to power generation and their harmful effects on the environment are also presented. We also argue in favor of small scale dams for sustainable development. Turkey has a total gross hydropower potential of 433 GW, but only 125

K Kaygusuz

2002-01-01

440

Climate Change And Agriculture In Turkey: A Cge Modeling Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agriculture remains an important source of income and employment in Turkey. Agricultural production is heavily dependent on water availability for increasing productivity and decreasing volatility in production. Half of the crop production in Turkey relies on irrigation. Irrigated agriculture currently consumes about 75 percent of total water consumption which is about 30 percent of renewable water availability. However climate change

Erol H. Cakmak; Hasan Dudu; Sirin Saracoglu

2009-01-01

441

SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRECAST INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS IN TURKEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precast frame buildings are used throughout Turkey for industrial facilities. One- story warehouses are the most common structural configuration; however, low- rise commercial and manufacturing facilities are also constructed using precast concrete members. These structural systems are economical to construct and provide large open areas needed for manufacturing. Many precast industrial building collapsed during the recent earthquakes in Turkey. This

Mauricio Posada; Sharon L. Wood

442

Downscaling of the global warming projections to Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Around the Mediterranean including Turkey is the one of the most prominent area in which precipitation is projected to decrease by GCMs, while total amount of precipitation in the world will increase. In the most part of Turkey, present precipitation is not so large, further decreasing in precipitation may seriously damage agriculture and ecosystem. Climate change in a limited area

443

TURKEY ? S PERSPECTIVES ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND DISARMAMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In principle, Turkey would welcome the global elimination of nuclear weapons. For the current government, the possession of nuclear weapons by other states is a factor that, indirectly at least, reduces Turkey ?s regional (if not global) aspirations and power. However, in the medium term, it remains deeply ambivalent on the future of nuclear weapons and its own plans regarding

Henri J. Barkey

444

February 2001 Crisis in Turkey: Causes and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey has suffered from different economic crises since 1990. However, the February 2001 crisis has been unprecedented in intensity and repercussions. Although many factors, both internal and external, may have contributed to their occurrences, the former owing to their inducing corruption and waste in the economy, seem to have fomented them more than the latter. Although Turkey has been getting

Levent Koch; M. A. Chaudhary

2001-01-01

445

Perspectives on medical school library services in Turkey.  

PubMed Central

This paper gives a brief overview of medical education in Turkey and shows the impact of established social, educational, and economic patterns upon current medical library services. Current statistical information is given on the twenty-two medical school libraries in Turkey. Principal problems and chief accomplishments with library services are highlighted and discussed.

Brennen, P W; Blackwelder, M B; Kirkali, M

1987-01-01

446

Protein recovery from mechanically deboned turkey residue by enzymic hydrolysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enzymic hydrolysis was used to recover a potentially edible high protein hydrolysate from mechanically deboned turkey residue (MDTR), a turkey processing waste. The hydrolysis process reduced the weight of the original MDTR by 51% on a dry weight basis, and recovered 46% of the MDTR proteins. The hydrolysate contained 78% protein, 4·6% ash and only 5·7% fat. The proteins consisted

L. G. Fonkwe; R. K. Singh

1996-01-01

447

Quality of Life in Ageing Societies: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the quality of life of the elderly in three aging countries: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey. This was done by using data provided by the European Quality of Life Survey completed in 2004. By doing so, we could then operationalize the conditions of the elderly in Turkey who have a rapid aging process…

Arun, Ozgur; Cevik, Aylin Cakiroglu

2011-01-01

448

International Counseling Students in Turkey and Their Training Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the perceptions and experiences of international counseling students (ICSs) in university training programs in Turkey. A majority of participants reported they had adjusted positively, but did experience problems related to language, food, and customs. Participants largely also thought that the training in Turkey met their…

Ilhan, Tahsin; Korkut-Owen, Fidan; Furr, Susan; Parikh, Sejal

2012-01-01

449

The Demand for Higher Education in Turkey and Open Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to meet considerably high demand for higher education in Turkey has always been one of the most significant concerns of Turkish Higher Education System for many years. In this respect, Anadolu University Open Education Faculty has played a significant role in the attempts to overcome this problem in Turkey for the last three decades. In…

Cekerol, Kamil

2012-01-01

450

Accreditation Policies of Turkey in Primary and Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's quality of education is being improved in order to become a member of EU (European Union), and Turkey is following the EU's system of educational policies. In the field of education, to encourage teaching and learning, accreditation process is used. It helps programs improve and be accountable for their quality. Accreditation provides…

Furuzan, Verda Gizem

2012-01-01

451

Factors Preventing Women's Advancement in Management in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the reasons why there is relatively very small number of woman administrators in public and private sector in Turkey. We have tried to reveal the factors preventing women's advancement up the organizational ladder. Although there are no legal obstacles against woman administrators in Turkey, such factors as gender…

Sanal, Mustafa

2008-01-01

452

Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff: An Empirical Study on Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the levels of job satisfaction among academicians in the universities of Turkey and to examine the effects of demographics on levels of satisfaction among them. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire-based study was conducted in 648 academicians working in the Universities of Turkey. Data…

Toker, Boran

2011-01-01

453

Energy sector and wind energy potential in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey has very limited indigenous energy resources and has to import around 65% of primary energy to meet her needs. It is a large importer of primary energy despite having ample renewable energy sources.Turkey’s vibrant economy has led to increased energy demand in recent years. This situation is expected to continue in the near future because its economy is dependent

R. Tugrul Ogulata

2003-01-01

454

Effect of Selected Binders on Turkey Roll Quality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Light and dark meat in a ratio of 60 to 40 from young turkeys was cut into 2-inch cubes and made into turkey rolls. Salt, Na tripolyphosphate and gelatin both separately and in combination were used as additives in the processed rolls. It was found that r...

G. Walker R. Culler S. Drake

1974-01-01

455

Republic of Turkey, State Institute of Statistics (SIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The State Institute of Statistics (SIS) produces, collects, and compiles national social, economic, cultural, and demographic data for the Republic of Turkey. The SIS, a division of the Prime Ministry, provides the latest figures, indicators, and statistical reports on Turkey published by the Turkish government and other international statistical agencies.

1999-01-01

456

Student Retention in Higher Education in Turkey: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to investigate student perceptions of college departure in three state universities in Turkey. Since the beginning of the 1990s, higher Education System in Turkey went through a massification of higher education. The rapid growth brought enrollment and dropout issues in the system. A total of 58 participants were…

Aypay, Ahmet; Cekic, Osman; Boyaci, Adnan

2013-01-01

457

Victims of Sex Trafficking in Turkey: Characteristics, Motivations, and Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

An emerging transnational crime problem, human trafficking occurs in almost every part of the world. But as a transit, source, and destination nexus for immigration, Turkey is particularly vulnerable in this regard. Turkey attracts many foreigners who choose to come there for geographical, historical, economic, and political reasons; some of these persons are victims of human trafficking. This article examines

Oguzhan Omer Demir; James O. Finckenauer

2010-01-01

458

Turkey's 2007 Elections: Crisis of Identity and Power.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effort of Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) to elect one of its own to be president of the Republic provoked a crisis. The nominee, Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul, has roots in Turkey's Islamist movement and his wife wears a head scar...

C. Migdalovitz

2007-01-01

459

Consumer Willingness to Pay for Organic Products in Urban Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the paper is to present the preliminary results of the survey project whose aim is to explore the Turkish consumer's perceptions regarding food safety and the tradeoff they make between chemical residues and cosmetic quality in fresh fruit and vegetable marketing chain. Previous research in Turkey contends that Turkey organic food exports are growing and that there

Sedef Akgungor; Bulent Miran; Canan Abay

2007-01-01

460

Energy production, consumption, policies, and recent developments in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is geographically in the middle of the world, which means it is surrounded by the Middle East, Central Asia and Europe. This area is not only geographically, but also economically, very important. Turkey has a very young and increasing population. In addition to the increase in population, a growing number of city dwellers and rapid economic development are causing

Fatma Çanka Kiliç; Durmu? Kaya

2007-01-01

461

Turkey's natural gas necessity, consumption and future perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey is an important candidate to be the “energy corridor” in the transmission of the abundant oil and natural gas resources of the Middle East and Middle Asia countries to the Western market. Furthermore, Turkey is planning to increase its oil and gas pipeline infrastructure to accommodate its increased energy consumption. Naturally, Turkish natural gas usage is projected to increase

A. M. Kiliç

2006-01-01

462

Syphilis and prostitution in the socio-medical geographies of Turkey's early republican provinces.  

PubMed

During and after the Ottoman Empire's collapse, Turkey's fledgling public health and social services ministry sought to deal with the increasing prevalence of syphilis-especially in its rural communities. This article examines the emergence of state-led information collection in Turkey during the 1920s and early 1930s and the anti-syphilis campaigns that resulted, and thus explores how the state created a new medical and moral order surrounding its citizens' sexualities that came to focus its gaze upon prostitution. Utilizing information from official primary sources, we analyze this transformation as part of a broader process of medicalization and state expansion that made syphilis a subject for state regulation. Within this context, moral pronouncements regarding the disease, traditional medicine, and prostitution and the potential benefits of regulated brothels were reframed, represented, and dispersed as directives for public health policy. Through this research, we assess how field-based surveys contributed ultimately to republican regimes of regulating sex work that still persist. PMID:22387020

Evered, Kyle T; Evered, Emine Ö

2012-05-01

463

22 CFR 126.11 - Relations to other provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...law or regulations. The sale of firearms in the United States, for example, remains subject to the provisions of the Gun Control Act of 1968 and regulations administered by the Department of Justice. The performance of defense services...

2013-04-01

464

29 CFR 541.4 - Other laws and collective bargaining agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS DEFINING AND DELIMITING THE EXEMPTIONS FOR EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, PROFESSIONAL, COMPUTER AND OUTSIDE SALES EMPLOYEES General Regulations § 541.4 Other laws and collective bargaining agreements. The...

2013-07-01

465

46 CFR 164.900-1 - Preemption of State or local law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL MATERIALS Preemption § 164.900-1 Preemption of State or local law. The regulations in this part have preemptive effect over State or local regulation within the same...

2013-10-01

466

46 CFR 160.900-1 - Preemption of State or local law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Preemption § 160.900-1 Preemption of State or local law. The regulations in this part have preemptive effect over State or local regulation within the same...

2013-10-01

467

A baseline understanding of state laws governing e-cigarettes  

PubMed Central

Background Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have been available for purchase in the USA since 2007, and have grown rapidly in popularity. Currently, there are no federal restrictions on e-cigarettes; therefore, any regulations are under the purview of state and/or local governments. This study examines state laws governing e-cigarettes through youth access restrictions, smoke-free air requirements and/or excise taxation. Methods Codified statutory and administrative laws, attorney general opinions, executive orders, and revenue notices and rulings effective as of 15 November 2013 for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, were compiled using Boolean searches in Lexis-Nexis and Westlaw. All laws were analysed by two study authors to determine the presence and components of relevant provisions. Two categories of laws were identified; (1) explicit e-cigarette laws and (2) laws focused on tobacco-derived and/or nicotine-containing products. Results Thirty-four states’ laws address e-cigarettes either explicitly or as part of language applying to tobacco-derived or nicotine-containing products. Laws explicitly addressing e-cigarettes primarily focus on youth access (22 states) or smoke-free air (12 states); only Minnesota imposes an excise tax on e-cigarettes. Similarly, tobacco-derived or nicotine-containing products are primarily regulated through youth access restrictions (6 states), smoke-free air laws (5 states), or excise taxation (2 states). Conclusions In the current absence of federal law governing e-cigarettes, more than one-half of the states have taken the initiative to regulate these products. The opportunity exists for the remaining states to incorporate e-cigarette-related restrictions into their pre-existing tobacco control laws.

Gourdet, C K; Chriqui, J F; Chaloupka, F J

2014-01-01

468

The Helsinki Rules, the UN Watercourses Convention and the Berlin Rules: Perspectives on International Water Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shared water resources remain the most important area without a universal treaty regulating the uses and protection of such resources. This is notwithstanding the extensive work of two scholarly non-governmental organizations, the Institute of International Law and the International Law Association, as well as the work of the International Law Commission of the United Nations. The work of those institutions

Salman M. A. Salman

2007-01-01

469

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

470

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Springsteen, Paul; Keith, Jason

2010-03-01

471

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

472

Consequences of Lotka's Law for the Law of Bradford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After discussion of the equivalency of the information laws of Bradford, Leimkuhler, Lotka, and Mandelbrot, aberrations from Leimkuhler's law (including "Groos droop" as encountered in practice) are studied. Other aberrations of Leimkuhler's law are explained, starting from generalization of verbal formulation of Bradford's Law. (18 references)…

Egghe, L.

1985-01-01

473

High prevalence of turkey parvovirus in turkey flocks from Hungary experiencing enteric disease syndromes.  

PubMed

Samples collected in 2008 and 2009, from 49 turkey flocks of 6 to 43 days in age and presenting clinical signs of enteric disease and high mortality, were tested by polymerase chain reaction and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for the presence of viruses currently associated with enteric disease (ED) syndromes: astrovirus, reovirus, rotavirus, coronavirus, adenovirus, and parvovirus. Turkey astroviruses were found in 83.67% of the cases and turkey astrovirus 2 (TAst-2) in 26.53%. The investigations directly demonstrated the high prevalence of turkey parvovirus (TuPV) in 23 flocks (46.9%) experiencing signs of ED, making this pathogen the second most identified after astroviruses. Phylogenetic analysis on a 527 base pair-long region from the NS1 gene revealed two main clusters, a chicken parvovirus (ChPV) and a TuPV group, but also the presence of a divergent branch of tentatively named "TuPV-like ChPV" strains. The 23 Hungarian TuPV strains were separately positioned in two groups from the American origin sequences in the TuPV cluster. An Avail-based restriction fragment length polymorphism assay has also been developed for the quick differentiation of TuPV, ChPV, and divergent TuPV-like ChPV strains. As most detected enteric viruses have been directly demonstrated in healthy turkey flocks as well, the epidemiology of this disease complex remains unclear, suggesting that a certain combination of pathogens, environmental factors, or both are necessary for the development of clinical signs. PMID:22017049

Palade, Elena Alina; Demeter, Zoltán; Hornyák, Akos; Nemes, Csaba; Kisary, János; Rusvai, Miklós

2011-09-01

474

Hierarchical structures of correlations networks among Turkey’s exports and imports by currencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have examined the hierarchical structures of correlations networks among Turkey’s exports and imports by currencies for the 1996-2010 periods, using the concept of a minimal spanning tree (MST) and hierarchical tree (HT) which depend on the concept of ultrametricity. These trees are useful tools for understanding and detecting the global structure, taxonomy and hierarchy in financial markets. We derived a hierarchical organization and build the MSTs and HTs during the 1996-2001 and 2002-2010 periods. The reason for studying two different sub-periods, namely 1996-2001 and 2002-2010, is that the Euro (EUR) came into use in 2001, and some countries have made their exports and imports with Turkey via the EUR since 2002, and in order to test various time-windows and observe temporal evolution. We have carried out bootstrap analysis to associate a value of the statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We have also used the average linkage cluster analysis (ALCA) to observe the cluster structure more clearly. Moreover, we have obtained the bidimensional minimal spanning tree (BMST) due to economic trade being a bidimensional problem. From the structural topologies of these trees, we have identified different clusters of currencies according to their proximity and economic ties. Our results show that some currencies are more important within the network, due to a tighter connection with other currencies. We have also found that the obtained currencies play a key role for Turkey’s exports and imports and have important implications for the design of portfolio and investment strategies.

Kocakaplan, Yusuf; Deviren, Bayram; Keskin, Mustafa

2012-12-01

475

Pornography, Coercion, and Copyright Law 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lack of regulation of the production of pornography in the United States leaves pornography performers exposed to substantial risks. Producers of pornography typically respond to attempts to regulate pornography as infringements upon free speech. At the same time, large corporations involved in the production and sale of pornography rely on copyright law's complex regulatory framework to protect their pornographic

Ann Bartow

2008-01-01

476

Deep transcriptome sequencing reveals differences in global gene expression between normal and pale, soft, and exudative turkey meat.  

PubMed

Previous studies from our laboratory suggested that differential expression of genes between normal and pale, soft, and exudative (PSE) turkey is associated with development of the PSE syndrome. However, a detailed understanding of molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of this meat defect remains unclear. The objective of this study was to extend and complement our previous work by using deep transcriptome RNA sequence analysis to compare the respective transcriptome profiles and identify molecular mechanisms responsible for the etiology of PSE turkey meat. Turkey breasts (n = 43) were previously classified as normal or PSE using marinade uptake as an indicator of quality (high = normal; low = PSE). Total RNA from breast muscle samples with the highest (n = 4) and lowest (n = 4) marinade uptake were isolated and sequenced using the Illumina GA(IIX) platform. The results indicated differential expression of 494 loci (false discovery rate < 0.05). Changes in gene expression were confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes suggested abnormalities of calcium homeostasis and signaling pathways regulating actin cytoskeleton structure as well as carbohydrate metabolism and energy production in PSE samples. Dysregulation of postmortem glucose oxidation in PSE turkey was suggested by both dramatic downregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, isozyme 4 (PDK4) mRNA, the most downregulated gene, and a decrease in the protein product (P = 0.0007) as determined by immunoblot analysis. These results support the hypothesis that differential expression of several genes and their protein products contribute to development of PSE turkey. PMID:24496837

Malila, Y; Carr, K M; Ernst, C W; Velleman, S G; Reed, K M; Strasburg, G M

2014-03-01

477

Product safety and product liability — An analysis of the EEC Council Directive of 25 July 1985 on the approximation of the laws, regulations, and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products  

Microsoft Academic Search

After more than ten years of fierce European product liability debate, the Council has finally promulgated the Directive 85\\/374 in an attempt to harmonize Member State law about the responsibility for defective products. The directive starts out from the principle of strict liability, but allows certain exceptions mostly concerning the so-called “state of the art” which, however, according to the

Norbert Reich

1986-01-01

478

High Energy Instrumentation Efforts in Turkey  

SciTech Connect

This work summarizes the efforts in Turkey to build a laboratory capable of building and testing high energy astrophysics detectors that work in space. The EC FP6 ASTRONS project contributed strongly to these efforts, and as a result a fully operational laboratory at Sabanci University have been developed. In this laboratory we test and develop Si and CdZnTe based room temperature semiconductor strip detectors and develop detector and electronics system to be used as a payload on potential small Turkish satellites.

Kalemci, Emrah [Sabanci University, Tuzla, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-09-21

479

The first Susac's syndrome case in Turkey.  

PubMed

Susac's syndrome is a vasospastic disease resulting from bilateral microangiopathy of the brain, cochlea and retina. It is characterized by encephalopathy, bilateral sensorineural fluctuating hearing loss and visual loss. It is very uncommon and usually affects women during young adulthood. Since all three symptoms of the triad may not be present, the clinical diagnosis is difficult. Therefore, neuroimaging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, has an important role in establishing the diagnosis. In this case report, we present a young woman who had all the symptoms of Susac's syndrome. This is the first Susac's syndrome case reported in Turkey. PMID:17109892

Erer, Sevda; Boz, Meral; Taskapilioglu, Ozlem; Hakyemez, Bahattin; Kaderli, Berkant; Zarifoglu, Mehmet

2006-12-21

480

Homosexuality in Turkey: strategies for managing heterosexism.  

PubMed

The goal of this study was to identify the strategies used by young homosexuals to manage their sexual minority status in Turkey. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 self-identified homosexual university students. The data on the strategies employed by homosexuals suggested a categorization of these strategies into four interrelated areas: strategies employed in the process of self-acceptance; strategies to manage sexual stigma and prejudice; strategies specific to the coming-out process; and the strategies used while openly expressing their sexual identities. PMID:24328758

Bakacak, Ayça Gelgeç; Oktem, Pinar

2014-06-01

481

Special section on Eastern Turkey Seismic Experiment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Studies of the early stages and consequences of the ongoing convergence of three tectonic plates in Turkey over the past 10-20 million years are compiled in the 15 December 2003 issue of Geophysical Research Letters. The seismic models, mapping, and geochemistry studies can be used to estimate the lithospheric structure of the Anatolian plateau and to provide better earthquake hazard assessments in the area. New findings include a report suggesting that widespread volcanism has changed the interpretation of the Anatolian plateau's depth.

Al., Narisma E.; Agu

482

Legal aspects of public health: how law frames communicable disease control in Greece.  

PubMed

We reviewed Greek law (legislation, historic Royal Decrees, and modern Presidential ones, 1833-2010) pertinent to control of communicable diseases and compared this body of Greek law with the revised International Health Regulations. Greece authorizes and regulates communicable disease control commensurate with public health risks, and integrates the principles of equality, objectivity, and respect for human rights. Despite strength at the level of principles, Greek law lacks coherence, clarity, and systematization. An inadequate body of regulations means legislation falls short of adequate implementing authority and guidelines; public health authorities often cannot find or understand the laws, nor are they certain about allocation of jurisdictional authority. We identified areas for improvement. PMID:21866179

Hatzianastasiou, Sophia; Pavli, Androula; Maltezou, Helena C

2011-11-01

483

Radiological and chemical monitoring of Dikili geothermal waters, Western Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Naturally occurring Radionuclides such as 226Ra and 222Rn as well as the major dissolved ions were investigated in the four thermal springs from Dikili Geothermal Area, Western Turkey. It was observed that 222Rn concentrations vary from 0.3 to 31 Bql-1 with an average value of 8.2 Bql-1, while the 226Ra activities range from 0.10 to 1.2 Bql-1 with a mean value of 0.495 Bql-1. A direct correlation was determined between radon and radium activities which indicates their parent-child relationship. The annual effective doses ranged from 0.58 to 3.06 µSvy-1 with an average 1.75 for radon and vary from 4.88 to 8.58 µSvy-1 with an average value of 6.53 µSvy-1 for radium and all are well below 100 µSvy-1 recommended by WHO. The chemical analyses of water samples show that Na+ and Cl- ions mainly dominate the chemistry of waters. Due to their chemical characteristics, the springs were placed in the Water Quality Class 1 or 2 according to Turkish Environmental Regulations for Water Pollution Control. On the other hand, no significant correlations was found between the physic-chemical parameters and investigated radionuclides.

Tabar, E.; Kumru, M. N.; Saç, M. M.; ?çhedef, M.; Bolca, M.; Özen, F.

2013-10-01

484

Fisheries And Aquaculture Resources And Their Interactions With Environment in Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turkey, with 8333 km of coast line, 151 080 sq. km economic sea area, many rivers with 177 714 total length, nearly, 1 million ha of natural lakes, 500 000 ha of dam reservoirs has rich marine and inland aquatic resource potential. Despite of these large resources, Turkish fisheries has the characteristics of small-scale fisheries and in general it can be considered as coastal fisheries. There is also great potential for inland fisheries and aquaculture. Being in half closed position, these seas have different characteristics in respect of biological, physical, chemical and ecological points. In addition; Turkey has favourable geographic position between the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Nevertheless, this potential seems not to be fully utilised and therefore fisheries is not a major sector in the economy. According to the statistics of the fisheries for 2000 published by the Turkish government, Turkey's total fisheries production was 582.376 tons. Total catch consists sea fish (441 690 tons, crustaceans and molluscs (18 831 tons), freshwater fish (42.824 tons) and aquaculture (79. 031 tons). The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) is the Ministry responsible for the overall fisheries and aquaculture development, administration, regulation, promotion and technical assistance. In the past two decades, marine fish farming using net cages has developed in the coastal waters throughout Turkey. Such fish farming has allowed the production of large amounts of valuable fish and their supply to the internal and external markets on a regular basis. However, fish farming is sometimes fallowed by organic pollution of the water and bottom sediment in the vicinity of the cages. A comprehensive land and coastal planning survey of almost the whole coast of Turkey is currently being conducted. This master plan designates areas to be developed for forestry, agriculture, industry, urbanisation, environmentally protected areas, etc. The plan was undertaken before the potential of aquaculture was fully realised and there were, therefore, no areas specifically designated for aquaculture. Aquaculture development is therefore being restricted by the loss of access to some of the best sites. The most common conflicts occur with environmental protection, tourism, recreation, urbanisation, archaeology and navigation. In order to prevent such conflicts and minimise the environmental impacts the open sea fishery, offshore mariculture systems, and echo-friendly technologies have to be adopted. In addition to that integrated coastal management models must be developed and implemented. Key words: fisheries and aquaculture resources, environment, interaction, tourism, protected areas, mangement and sustainability.

Deniz, H.

2003-04-01

485

Transfusion Medicine: The Role of the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The role of the law in health care is an important one. A modern health care system cannot exist without a considerable amount\\u000a of legal regulation. There is so much at stake for society and its members if that system does not function properly, that\\u000a there is no society that does not want to exert power over its health care

J. K. M. Gevers

486

Duhaime's Law Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a Canadian site created and maintained by a solicitor of British Columbia with the express purpose of "giving the law back to the people," this dictionary offers clear, concise definitions of many legal terms that anyone who finds themselves engaged with issues of civil or criminal justice is likely to need to know. While some of the terms are clearly applicable to the system of justice in which solicitor Duhaime practices, the vast majority are generic to Western law. A link is also offered to Duhaime.org, the parent site, which features a plethora of materials for educating oneself in the law, especially if one is dealing with the Canadian justice system.

487

Biodiversity Laws: State Experiences  

PubMed

/ The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users.To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not "Who is/should be in charge?", it is "How do we get this done?" To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, site-specific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a long-term perspective.KEY WORDS: Biodiversity; Partnerships; Environmental laws; Endangered Species Act; Conservation; Local empowerment PMID:8895414

CLARK

1996-11-01

488

Impact of the California Lead Ammunition Ban on Reducing Lead Exposure in Golden Eagles and Turkey Vultures  

PubMed Central

Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites.

Kelly, Terra R.; Bloom, Peter H.; Torres, Steve G.; Hernandez, Yvette Z.; Poppenga, Robert H.; Boyce, Walter M.; Johnson, Christine K.

2011-01-01

489

Impact of the California lead ammunition ban on reducing lead exposure in golden eagles and turkey vultures.  

PubMed

Predatory and scavenging birds may be exposed to high levels of lead when they ingest shot or bullet fragments embedded in the tissues of animals injured or killed with lead ammunition. Lead poisoning was a contributing factor in the decline of the endangered California condor population in the 1980s, and remains one of the primary factors threatening species recovery. In response to this threat, a ban on the use of lead ammunition for most hunting activities in the range of the condor in California was implemented in 2008. Monitoring of lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds is essential for assessing the effectiveness of the lead ammunition ban in reducing lead exposure in these species. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of the regulation in decreasing blood lead concentration in two avian sentinels, golden eagles and turkey vultures, within the condor range in California. We compared blood lead concentration in golden eagles and turkey vultures prior to the lead ammunition ban and one year following implementation of the ban. Lead exposure in both golden eagles and turkey vultures declined significantly post-ban. Our findings provide evidence that hunter compliance with lead ammunition regulations was sufficient to reduce lead exposure in predatory and scavenging birds at our study sites. PMID:21494329

Kelly, Terra R; Bloom, Peter H; Torres, Steve G; Hernandez, Yvette Z; Poppenga, Robert H; Boyce, Walter M; Johnson, Christine K

2011-01-01

490

The trespasses of property law.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify a limit to the appropriate application of property law to the use and storage of bodily material. I argue here that property law ought to be limited to protecting 'contingent rights' and that recent cases where property rights have been recognised in semen represent the application of property law beyond this limit. I also suggest how the law ought to develop in order to avoid the overextensive use of property law. PMID:23842078

Wall, Jesse

2014-01-01

491

International Water Law Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As clean water has increasingly become a resource subject to scarcity, international politics and law have become involved with the issues of access to and maintenance of water sources. This site provides comprehensive information on the subject, featuring full texts of the major diplomatic documents, including rules on international groundwaters and rivers agreed upon at UN conferences in Helsinki and Seoul, treaty drafts, regional agreements as well as international case law, an extensive bibliography, and links to related sites. The site was conceived and developed by Gabriel Eckstein in conjunction with The World's Water project of the Pacific Institute.

Eckstein, Gabriel.

492

Kepler's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Kepler's second law; that planets (and satellites) move fastest at their closest approach to the center of attraction and slow down when far away. This is made evident by calculating the ratio of greatest and smallest orbital velocities and by invoking the concept of energy. Students should acquire an intuitive understanding for the way orbital velocities vary along each orbit according to Kepler's second law. They will review the concepts of potential energy and kinetic energy and understand that orbital motion also conserves energy, in a somewhat similar way, although the formulas look different. Students will also be introduced to the procedure for calculating orbital motion.

Stern, David

493

Health professionals' attitude toward euthanasia: a cross-sectional study from Turkey.  

PubMed

There is an ongoing debate on the definition of euthanasia and attempts to change laws about euthanasia and its practice in many countries. It is the medical doctors and the other health professionals who will elucidate the issue. Therefore, we performed this study to reveal attitude of Turkish health professionals toward euthanasia. This is an observational and cross-sectional study and data were collected with a questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to 545 health professionals in Samsun, a city in the Black Sea Region in Turkey. Data were analyzed with SPSS package programs. Of all health professionals included in the study, 43.5% were medical doctors and 45.5% auxiliary health professionals. Of all participants, 33.6% did not object to euthanasia and 7.9% were asked to perform euthanasia. Eighty point seven percent of the participants noted that euthanasia could be abused even if a euthanasia law were passed. It can be concluded that the health professionals should have a chance to discuss euthanasia and that their attitude toward and their expectations and worries about euthanasia should be taken into account when a euthanasia law is drafted. PMID:17876966

Turla, Ahmet; Ozkara, Erdem; Ozkanli, Ca?lar; Alkan, Nevzat

494

Final Report: Surveys and Investigations Projects as Required by Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, Missouri. Study No. 14. Turkey Hunter Information Survey, 1996. Job No. 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Objectives: (1) To determine characteristics, attitudes, and preferences of 1994 resident and nonresident Missouri spring turkey hunting permit buyers (1994) towards turkeys, turkey hunting, and turkey management in Missouri. (2) To determine whether char...

L. D. Vangilder S. L. Sheriff

1996-01-01

495

Subdivision Regulations, City of Anderson, South Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The regulations provide, in accordance with South Carolina law, for the regulation of the subdivision of land within the City of Anderson. Included therewith are procedures for preparing and approving plats; design standards for streets, alleys, or rights...

1968-01-01

496

Curie-point depth map of Turkey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Curie-point isotherm map of the whole of Turkey has been prepared from aeromagnetic data by means of a spectral analysis technique. The most characteristic signature of this map is that the shallow depths generally correlated with the young volcanic rocks and the thinned crustal thicknesses in the west reveal geothermal fields and several hot springs. The orogenic Pontide belt of the Black Sea region in the north, the western Taurus belt in the south, and some high plateaus in eastern Turkey show that the deepest Curie isotherm depths range between 20 and 29 km. Depth contour lines elongating in an almost E-W direction are due to the overlapping percentage of adjacent data blocks of 50 per cent in the E-W direction and to magnetic anomalies trending in the E-W direction. Curie isotherm depths are in the range 6 to 10 km in the Aegean region and are characterized by E-W- and NE-SW-trending graben structures, as expected, since the region has crustal thinning and many hot springs and geothermal fields. These imply the existence of shallow heat sources that could be utilized for electricity, heating of towns and cities, greenhouse and health purposes.

Ayd?n, ?brahim; Karat, Halil ?.; Koçak, Ali

2005-08-01

497

Movement ecology of migration in turkey vultures.  

PubMed

We develop individual-based movement ecology models (MEM) to explore turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) migration decisions at both hourly and daily scales. Vulture movements in 10 migration events were recorded with satellite-reporting GPS sensors, and flight behavior was observed visually, aided by on-the-ground VHF radio-tracking. We used the North American Regional Reanalysis dataset to obtain values for wind speed, turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), and cloud height and used a digital elevation model for a measure of terrain ruggedness. A turkey vulture fitted with a heart-rate logger during 124 h of flight during 38 contiguous days showed only a small increase in mean heart rate as distance traveled per day increased, which suggests that, unlike flapping, soaring flight does not lead to greatly increased metabolic costs. Data from 10 migrations for 724 hourly segments and 152 daily segments showed that vultures depended heavily upon high levels of TKE in the atmospheric boundary layer to increase flight distances and maintain preferred bearings at both hourly and daily scales. We suggest how the MEM can be extended to other spatial and temporal scales of avian migration. Our success in relating model-derived atmospheric variables to migration indicates the potential of using regional reanalysis data, as here, and potentially other regional, higher-resolution, atmospheric models in predicting changing movement patterns of soaring birds under various scenarios of climate and land use change. PMID:19060195

Mandel, J T; Bildstein, K L; Bohrer, G; Winkler, D W

2008-12-01

498

Domestic livestock resources of Turkey: water buffalo.  

PubMed

Water buffalo are an ancient component of Turkey's domestic livestock resources. Commonly referred to as the Anatolian buffalo the animal is part of the Mediterranean group which includes Syrian, Egyptian and Southeast European animals. Once quite numerous, there have been drastic reductions in their numbers since the 1970s due to intensification of dairy activities, agricultural mechanization and changing consumer preferences. The main areas of distribution are in northwest Turkey in the Marmara and Black Sea Regions. Buffalo are kept in small herds by livestock and mixed crop-livestock farmers. Milk is the main product, meat is largely a by-product of the dairy function and provision of the once-important draught power is now a minor output. Buffalo milk is used to prepare a variety of speciality products but output of both milk and meat is very low in comparison to cattle. Conditions of welfare and health status are not optimal. Internal parasites are a constraint on productivity. Some buffalo are being used for conservation grazing in the Black Sea area to maintain optimal conditions for bird life in a nature reserve. Long neglected by government there are recent activities to establish conservation herds, set up in vitro banks and undertake molecular characterization. More effort is needed by government to promote buffalo production and to engage the general public in conservation of their national heritage. PMID:21870064

Yilmaz, Orhan; Ertugrul, Mehmet; Wilson, Richard Trevor

2012-04-01

499

Education Law. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition of this reference guide provides a survey of some of the major legal problems that confront policymakers and school administrators. It contains landmark cases and other cases that best illustrate major principles of education law, along with summaries, discussions, and analyses of the cases. Edited cases are integrated into…

Imber, Michael; van Geel, Tyll

500

The Laws List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a dictionary of physics and astronomy. Users can look up laws, rules, terms and constants related to physics in pages listed by letter. The site is not a complete reference, but it is a useful resource for introductory physics.

Francis, Erik

2004-11-28