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1

Turkish women's predicament  

Microsoft Academic Search

To the foreign observer, Turkish women constitute an anomaly amongst Muslim societies. Since the creation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, Turkey has engaged in a project of modernization and secularization. As part and parcel of this process of modernization, Turkish women have been granted social, political, and legal rights. Despite Kemalist reforms of the 1920s, the basics of male

Meltem Müftüler-Bac

1999-01-01

2

Turkish Students' Force Meanings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are Turkish pre, elementary, middle, and high school students' force ideas? And, how do Turkish students' non-normative force ideas differ or be similar to the well-known force misconceptions reported in the literature? Students have false and persistent beliefs about the physical world and they struggle with challenging misconceptions based…

Menekse, Muhsin; Clark, Douglas B.; Ozdemir, Gokhan; D'angelo, Cynthia; Scheligh, Sharon

2009-01-01

3

Schizophrenia in Turkish newspapers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attitude of mass media is a strong determinant for stigmatisation since the majority of the society gets exposed to psychiatric\\u000a disorders via either written or visual media. In this study we explored to demonstrate the meaning attributed to the word\\u000a schizophrenia in Turkish written printed media. We screened the online sites of 12 national newspapers which allow word scanning

Omer Boke; Servet Aker; Arzu Alptekin Aker; Gokhan Sarisoy; Ahmet Rifat Sahin

2007-01-01

4

Evaluation of Turkish Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate the new Turkish education program that has been being implemented since 2005 gradually in light of teacher suggestions. The study has been done in scanning model. In this study which has been conducted with the purpose of evaluating the newly prepared Turkish education programs, the program has been tried to be…

Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

2010-01-01

5

Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT  

E-print Network

Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT doi: 10.3906/yer-0910-44 Growth Rate. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences [Turkish J. Earth Sci.] (2011) [in press]. This PDF file is an early version of a manucript accepted for publication in Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences

Metscher, Brian

6

Trends in Turkish Education Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

2013-01-01

7

Turkish Islamism: The Refah Party.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the Refah Party in Turkey and addresses the following questions: what does it stand for, who leads it, who belongs to it, where is it going. The paper presents some background information about the Turkish secular state, the founding o...

K. L. Cox

1997-01-01

8

Health Information in Turkish (Türkçe): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... Information in Turkish (Türkçe) B Bacterial Infections Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23) - English Polisakkarid Pnömokok A?isi - Türkçe (Turkish) ... Coalition; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23) - English Polisakkarid Pnömokok A?isi - Türkçe (Turkish) ...

9

Dry cleaning of Turkish coal  

SciTech Connect

This study dealt with the upgrading of two different type of Turkish coal by a dry cleaning method using a modified air table. The industrial size air table used in this study is a device for removing stones from agricultural products. This study investigates the technical and economical feasibility of the dry cleaning method which has never been applied before on coals in Turkey. The application of a dry cleaning method on Turkish coals designated for power generation without generating environmental pollution and ensuring a stable coal quality are the main objectives of this study. The size fractions of 5-8, 3-5, and 1-3 mm of the investigated coals were used in the upgrading experiments. Satisfactory results were achieved with coal from the Soma region, whereas the upgrading results of Hsamlar coal were objectionable for the coarser size fractions. However, acceptable results were obtained for the size fraction 1-3 mm of Hsamlar coal.

Cicek, T. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering

2008-07-01

10

Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish.  

PubMed

Five ectoparasites were collected during the period of 2002-2005 from fish of Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and inland waters of Turkey: Four crustaceans [Ergasilus mosulensis and Pennella instructa (Copepoda), Ceratothoa steindachneri (Isopoda) and Argulus foliaceus (Branchiura)] and one Annelida (Piscicola geometra) were found. The species, E. mosulensis, P. instructa and C. steindachneri have been reported for first time in Turkish waters, and A. foliaceus and P. geometra for the time from the Cavu?çu Lake. PMID:17594661

Oktener, Ahmet; Trilles, Jean Paul; Leonardos, Ioannis

2007-01-01

11

Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

2011-01-01

12

Validity and reliability of Turkish version of \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) is used to assess safety culture in many countries. Accordingly, the questionnaire has been translated into Turkish for the study of patient safety culture in Turkish hospitals. The aim of this study is threefold: to determine the validity and reliability of the translated form of HSOPS, to evaluate physicians' and nurses'

Said Bodur; Emel Filiz

2010-01-01

13

Internet addiction among Turkish young consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to profile young Turkish consumers by segmenting them over internet addiction. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To profile the segments, the study analyses the internet addiction and its preceding factors among 313 Turkish high school internet user students, aged 15-18 years old, selected on a convenience basis. The data of this descriptive study were collected

Yonca Aslanbay; Muhiddin Aslanbay; Emine Çobano?lu

2009-01-01

14

Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

Arslan, Hasan

15

Shifting Turkish American Identity Formations in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines Turkish-American identity formations in the United States. Through a case study based in the New York metropolitan area, this study explores how the contestation and negotiation of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-American identity is grounded in place and across space. It examines Turkish-Americaness in relation to Westerness, Muslimness, Arabness, Americaness, and Turkishness. The study problematizes ethnic and racial

Ilhan Kaya

2003-01-01

16

Turkish residential real estate investment analysis  

E-print Network

This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

2007-01-01

17

TURKISH LVCSR: TOWARDS BETTER SPEECH RECOGNITION FOR AGGLUTINATIVE LANGUAGES  

E-print Network

@ira.uka.de ABSTRACT The Turkish language belongs to the Turkic family. All members of this family are close to one language of the Turkic family spoken by about 65 million speakers. For all experiments we use the Turkish

Schultz, Tanja

18

An Acoustic Study of Underspecified Vowels in Turkish  

E-print Network

This paper examines the acoustics of underspecification and vowel harmony (VH) in Turkish. In Turkish, vowels in suffixes that change according to VH rules are widely believed to be underspecified for rounding and/or ...

Lanfranca, Mark

2012-05-31

19

Spoilt for Choice: Explaining the location choice of Turkish Transnationals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investments of Turkish entrepreneurs to other countries increased in the 1990s. This paper explores Turkish FDI abroad focusing on the factors influencing the FDI decision and location choice, using micro data collected from investor firms. A micro level data set for the Turkish FDI abroad is constructed using the information gathered through questionnaires conducted at some selected firms, which

Saime S. Kayam; Mehtap Hisarc?kl?lar; Özgür Kayal?ca

2011-01-01

20

Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents  

PubMed Central

We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity with age, whereas Turkish and Turkish Belgian adolescents were more religious regardless of age. Acculturating adolescents reaffirmed religion as compared with monocultural adolescents in Turkey. Religious reaffirmation was related to cultural values of interdependence, heritage culture maintenance, and ethnic identification. PMID:23155300

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

2012-01-01

21

Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.  

PubMed

The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

2012-08-01

22

Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

2009-04-01

23

Conflict management styles of Turkish managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers' conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 130 managers' conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings – First, integrating and, second, compromising are found to be the most preferred conflict

Enver Özkalp; Zerrin Sungur; Aytül Ay?e Özdemir

2009-01-01

24

Turkish-Folk Song Activities for Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to teach kindergarten students using Turkish folk songs that incorporate the National Standards for Music Education and guidelines from the Ministry of Education in Turkey. Includes activities that accompany songs such as "Fly, Little Bug" and "Little Green Frog." Offers additional resources. (CMK)

Kapusuzoglu, Kelly Mem

2003-01-01

25

Children's media use in a Turkish town  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media use of upper?grade elementary school children in a Turkish town was studied. Results indicated that children frequently used television and radio, while newspaper and movie exposure was quite low. Most children considered newspaper and radio “good,” but had mixed feelings toward television and movies. They attended to vast varieties of media content. Most parents approved of their children's radio

Irfan Erdogan

1985-01-01

26

English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

Cetin, Gulcan

2007-01-01

27

Beyond Classroom Achievement: Standardized Turkish Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals, concerns, and issues addressed by a committee of the American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages (AATT) in the process of developing a standardized Turkish language proficiency test at the college level are examined. The testing committee aimed at incorporating recent scholarship on second language acquisition, teaching…

Basci, Pelin

1999-01-01

28

Turkish Proficiency Tests: A National Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process and results of a project to develop a Turkish language proficiency test are described. The project was undertaken by the American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages, and involved development of two sample tests for intermediate and advanced levels in four skill areas (speaking, listening, reading, writing) using…

Kuruoglu, Guliz

1999-01-01

29

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

30

Geographical Education and Training at Turkish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the history of modern geographical education and training at Turkish universities from 1915 until today is briefly explained. At present, the number of departments of geography adds up to 13 and teacher training departments in geography are seven in total. Information is given about the structure of programmes and subjects selected…

Kocman, Asaf; Sutgibi, Semra

2004-01-01

31

A TURKISH AUTOMATIC TEXT SUMMARIZATION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system developed in this study uses a Turkish text as input, and after the implementation of a sequence of procedures the summary results accomplishing the target sentence length. The study has been specialized to obtain more significant results for the articles on economic matters. We converted the context of all papers into HTML documents to provide the formal structures.

Zeynep Altan

32

Educational problems of Turkish migrants' children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author deals with the education of Turkish migrants' children and the handicaps existing for equal access to all educational opportunities. She comes to the conclusion that unless realistic measures endeavouring bi-cultural integration on behalf of the growing generations are implemented, the dependency of Turkey's excessive manpower on the European labour market will mark these children and leave them on

Nermin Abadan-Unat

1975-01-01

33

Homework motivation and preferences of Turkish students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish students’ motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5–8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender, socio?economic status (SES) differences and interaction effects amongst the three grouping variables.

Ayten Iflazoglu; Eunsook Hong

2011-01-01

34

Homework motivation and preferences of Turkish students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish students’ motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5–8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender, socio?economic status (SES) differences and interaction effects amongst the three grouping variables.

Ayten Iflazoglu; Eunsook Hong

2012-01-01

35

Evolutionary Explanations of Syrian—Turkish Water Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issues of water and territory dominate relations between Syria and Turkey, upstream and downstream riparians in the Euphrates\\u000a and Tigris basin. This chapter propose an evolutionary game to explore eventual trajectories of riparian relations. Turkish\\u000a hawks are defined as those Turkish foreign policies that support no water concessions. Turkish doves can instead support the\\u000a flow of an increased amount

Serdar ? Güner

36

Daily Life of a Turkish Medical Oncologist  

PubMed Central

There are many changes occurring in the Turkish health care system, including but not limited to consolidation of public hospitals and administrative takeover of some university hospitals by the Ministry of Health. Because of its unique situation, Marmara University Hospital is at the center of these changes. The adaptation process will continue for another year or so, after which it is hoped that a better health care environment will have been created for patients with cancer in Turkey. PMID:22942810

Serdar Turhal, Nazim

2012-01-01

37

Social anxiety level in Turkish adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social phobia is a mental disorder characterized by extreme and consistent fear of meeting new people, scrutiny in a variety\\u000a of performance and\\/or interactional situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of self-reported social\\u000a anxiety in a community sample of Turkish adolescents and the relationship between social anxiety and some sociodemographic\\u000a parameters. This study was a

Nursu Cakin Memik; Sahika G. Sismanlar; Ozlem Yildiz; Isik Karakaya; Cavit Isik; Belma Agaoglu

2010-01-01

38

Turkish children use morphosyntactic bootstrapping in interpreting verb meaning  

Microsoft Academic Search

How might syntactic bootstrapping apply in Turkish, which employs inflectional morphology to indicate grammatical relations and allows argument ellipsis ? We investigated whether Turkish speakers interpret constructions differently depending on the number of NPs in the sentence, the presence of accusative case marking and the causative morpheme. Data were collected from 60 child speakers and 16 adults. In an adaptation

TILBE GÖKSUN; AYLIN C. KÜNTAY; LETITIA R. NAIGLES

2008-01-01

39

Exploring Turkish Upper Primary Level Pupils' Understanding of Digestion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The…

Cakici, Yilmaz

2005-01-01

40

Identifying Turkish Pre-Service Teachers' Attitudes Toward Teaching Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to identify attitudes of Turkish pre-service teachers' attitudes toward teaching profession. Data was obtained from 195 last grade students in the Department of Turkish Education, in Dokuz Eylul University. The tool that was used for data collection is called \\

Zeynep ÇETNKAYA

2009-01-01

41

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

42

Adaptation of the morningness eveningness scale for children into Turkish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Circadian rhythm refers to individuals’ preference associated with morning or evening activities. Circadian rhythm generally is measured by self reported instruments. One of these instruments is Morningness Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC). The aims of the study were to adapt MESC into Turkish, to determine psychometric properties of Turkish MESC and to assess chronotype preference in children aged from 9

?smail Önder; ?enol Be?oluk

2012-01-01

43

Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about language learning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explore what beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL), how their belief systems were…

Oz, Huseyin

2007-01-01

44

What Trends Do Turkish Biology Education Studies Indicate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine what trends Turkish biology education studies indicate. To achieve this aim, the researchers examined online databases of the Higher Education Council and open access archives of graduate theses in web sites of Turkish universities. Finally, totally 138 graduate theses were elicited to analyze in regard to…

Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Calik, Muammer; Cavus, Ragip

2012-01-01

45

"Turkish Modernization," Democracy, and Education: An Analysis from Dewey's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dewey is an important representative of the libertarian education movement, which has its roots based on the values of the enlightenment. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between "Turkish modernization" and education from Dewey's perspective. In the paper, the place and effect of Dewey in the Turkish pedagogical vision was analyzed…

Ozsoy, Seckin

2009-01-01

46

Opinions of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers on the Curriculum of Turkish Literature Course Based on the Constructivist Learning Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this study is to collect the opinions of Turkish Language and Literature teachers at secondary schools about the Curriculum of the Turkish Literature Course based on the constructivist learning theory. To this end, the descriptive method was employed to collect teacher opinions. Structured interview was used as a data…

Epcacan, Cahit

2013-01-01

47

Gender equality or patriarchal dividend: Structural change in Turkish nursing.  

PubMed

Turkey is attempting to join the European Union and is facing pressure to eliminate many forms of discrimination, including discrimination based on gender. In keeping with these aims, in early 2007 the Turkish government changed the law to permit Turkish men to become nurses. Given that Turkey is a highly patriarchal society and that occupational segregation by sex is a persistent feature, it is important to examine the potential outcome of the legislative changes. The aim of this paper is to explore the paradoxical potential for Turkish female nurses to experience increased discrimination in a system that is restructured by legislation to be non-discriminatory. PMID:18466390

Herdman, Elizabeth; Badir, Aysel

2008-06-01

48

Marshak Lectureship: The Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is comprised of five different electron and proton accelerator complexes, to be built over 15 years, with a phased approach. The Turkish Government funds the project. Currently there are 23 Universities in Turkey associated with the TAC project. The current funded project, which is to run until 2013 aims *To establish a superconducting linac based infra-red free electron laser and Bremsstrahlung Facility (TARLA) at the Golbasi Campus of Ankara University, *To establish the Institute of Accelerator Technologies in Ankara University, and *To complete the Technical Design Report of TAC. The proposed facilities are a 3^rd generation Synchrotron Radiation facility, SASE-FEL facility, a GeV scale Proton Accelerator facility and an electron-positron collider as a super charm factory. In this talk, an overview on the general status and road map of TAC project will be given. National and regional importance of TAC will be expressed and the structure of national and internatonal collaborations will be explained.

Yavas, Omer

2012-02-01

49

[Differences between psychopathological evaluation in German and Turkish language of Turkish immigrants].  

PubMed

The elevated rate of schizophrenia among migrants has been explained, among others, with misdiagnosis due to symptoms' being misinterpreted as psychotic. Previous studies have shown both higher and lower rates of psychotic symptoms of these patients when interviewed in their mother tongues, compared to being interviewed in the second language. In this study, 91 patients of Turkish origin and 50 of German origin with a paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome at admission were examined by an one interviewer each of Turkish and German origins using a standardized psychopathological instrument. In spite of comparative samples, correlation of psychopathological evaluation as well as diagnostic agreement between the two interviewers was significantly higher in the German patient group. Within the Turkish patient group, correlation was higher for those with good German language knowledge than for those with poor knowledge, yet only on a few items and without an effect on diagnostic agreement. The greatest difficulties lie in the evaluation of delusions. In spite of higher disagreement on psychopathology, the potential misdiagnoses cannot sufficiently explain the higher rate of schizophrenia among migrants. PMID:11103365

Haasen, C; Yagdiran, O; Mass, R

2000-11-01

50

Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean  

E-print Network

Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean mitochondrial lineage DR Smith) Summary — Honey bees were collected from12 localities in Turkey. The mitochondrial genomes lineages of honey bee mitochondrial DNA (west European, east Mediterranean and African). Based

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

Yava?, Ö.

2012-02-01

52

Topics in Turkish syntax : clausal structure and scope  

E-print Network

This dissertation asks two main questions for Turkish: (i) what is the interaction between verbal morphology and the structure?, and (ii) what is the interaction between word order and interpretation? Following Kornfilt ...

Kelepir, Meltem

2001-01-01

53

Aicardi syndrome in two Turkish children.  

PubMed

Aicardi syndrome (AS) is an X-linked inherited disorder characterized by infantile spasms, chorioretinal lacunae, and agenesis or hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. The syndrome is more frequently seen in females but is observed in XXY male patients. Central nervous system, ocular, and costovertebral malformations may also seen in AS. Eye findings are of a considerable diagnostic importance; the chorioretinal lacunae are pathognomonic for AS and are generally bilateral. The outcome of the disease is generally severe, with a high mortality rate and poor developmental outcome. It is not clear which characteristics of the syndrome are related to a good prognosis in terms of psychomotor development, epileptic seizures, and survival. The purpose of this report was to demonstrate the spectrum of the clinical findings and the course of AS in two Turkish patients with different ocular and cranial MRI findings. PMID:22750766

Bayram, Erhan; Topcu, Yasemin; Akinci, Gulcin; Hiz, Semra; Cakmakci, Handan

2013-01-01

54

Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

2014-05-01

55

The Turkish version of the Meaning In Life Questionnaire: assessing the measurement invariance across Turkish and American adult samples.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to adapt the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ) developed by Steger, Frazier, Oishi, and Kaler (2006) into Turkish and examine the measurement and structural invariance of this scale across Turkish (N = 815) and U.S. (N = 207) samples. Our findings indicated that the hypothesized 2-factor model of the MLQ fit the data well for both Turkish and U.S. samples. Results also provided support for the full metric invariance, partial scalar invariance, and partial invariance of residual variances of the MLQ across the 2 samples (i.e., Turkish and U.S.). Supporting the structural invariance, we found that factor variances and covariances were equivalent across the 2 groups. Internal consistency reliability analyses revealed a Cronbach's alpha value of .88 for the MLQ Presence scale and .90 for the Search scale. Our findings also provided preliminary support for the convergent validity of the Turkish version of the MLQ (MLQ-TR). Contrary to findings in other collectivist cultures, the relationship between Search and Presence was negative in Turkish culture. These results support the psychometric properties of the MLQ-TR and its partial equivalence to the original U.S. version. PMID:23406365

Boyraz, Güler; Lightsey, Owen Richard; Can, Ahmet

2013-01-01

56

Psychometric Properties and Adaptation of the Self-Concealment Scale to the Turkish Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to adaptate the Self Concealment Scale (SCS) developed by Larson and Chastain (1990) to Turkish adolescents. The original scale is in English and consists of 10 items. Firstly, the original scale was translated into Turkish by six experts from the field and retranslated by two experts. Also, the original and Turkish forms of the

Metin Deniz; Figen Çok

57

A Turkish version of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index: reliability and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to develop a Turkish version of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and assess its reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. The Turkish version was obtained after a translation and back-translation process. Seventy-one patients with ankylosing spondylitis were assessed with it. To assess its validity, patients were also evaluated with the Turkish

Yesim Akkoc; Altinay Goksel Karatepe; Servet Akar; Yesim Kirazli; Nurullah Akkoc

2005-01-01

58

Feasibility of diabetes peer education for Turkish type 2 diabetes patients in Dutch general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feasibility of a 9-month educational diabetes programme (tailored to Turkish patients, provided by Turkish bicultural female educators) was assessed in terms of dropout rate, patient and GP satisfaction, and GP’s perceived workload. Of the 54 Turkish patients (39% males) that signed informed consent, 45 actually started the education. Dropout rate during the programme was 41% (main reason: going abroad

Paulus Uitewaal; Marc Bruijnzeels; Tine de Hoop; Arno Hoes; Siep Thomas

2004-01-01

59

Change of Word Characteristics in 20th Turkish Literature: A Statistical Analysis  

E-print Network

Change of Word Characteristics in 20th Century Turkish Literature: A Statistical Analysis FAZLI CAN a century-wide quantitative analysis of the Turkish literature using forty novels of forty authors. We methods, the author gender of Turkish text can be accurately identified. We also study the gender

Can, Fazli

60

Psychometric properties of the problem solving inventory in a group of Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Problem Solving Inventory (PSI; Heppner & Petersen, 1982) is a widely used self-report measure of applied problem solving in the United States. This study examined the psychometric properties of the PSI in a Turkish cultural context, specifically with regard to normative, reliability, and validity information. Subjects were 244 Turkish university students (153 women, 71 men) who completed the Turkish

Nail Sahin; Nesrin H. Sahin; P. Paul Heppner

1993-01-01

61

Health Risks Faced by Turkish Agricultural Workers  

PubMed Central

Background. Individuals who make a living through agriculture and animal husbandry are faced with a variety of physical and psychological health risks. In many international studies, it has been shown that these risks can result in disease. The purpose of this study is to summarize the health risks faced by Turkish agricultural workers. Materials and Methods. This study used a nonrandom, convenience sample. The biopsychosocial health statuses of 177 farmers from 11 central villages in Kars, Turkey, were examined. Results. It was determined that the depression rate among the study group was 62.1%, the rate of physical health problems was 52.0%, and the rate of social isolation was 53.7%. There was a statistically significant difference between the depression scale scores and lower education levels, having ? three children, and physical health problems, as well as the physical condition of the farmers' homes. There was a significant difference between poor physical health and older age, lower education levels, having ? three children, and social isolation. Conclusions. In providing data-based evidence, it is believed that this study will contribute considerably to understanding the causality of health problems in this population and in planning the development of public health and veterinary services based on regional needs. PMID:25054165

Cakmur, Hulya

2014-01-01

62

Skin picking in Turkish students: prevalence, characteristics, and gender differences.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students reported engaging in SP, and 2.04% of the students had pathological SP. There was no statistically significant difference between female and male students regarding the frequency of SP and the estimated daily SP time. The SP episodes began earlier in men than in women. Women were found to pick their chins, whereas men were found to pick their legs more frequently. SP is prevalent among Turkish students. Triggers, characteristics, and consequences of SP in Turkish students are similar to the results reported in studies conducted on different cultures. Large-scale studies are needed to further investigate gender differences in SP. PMID:21937566

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Özlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

63

AB0 blood subgroup allele frequencies in the Turkish population.  

PubMed

We determined the AB0 blood group system with a PCR based technique termed APLP (Amplified Product Length Polymorphism) in the Turkish population. The method includes ten different allele specific primers and permits identification of the major AB0 genotypes and its suballeles (A1-A2-B-0A-02-0G-AG). The suballeles were amplified in a single tube reaction. We have determined AB0 phenotypes in 129 Turkish individuals. No significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed. PMID:14523998

Akbas, Fahri; Aydin, Müge; Cenani, Asim

2003-09-01

64

Whole Genome Sequence of a Turkish Individual  

PubMed Central

Although whole human genome sequencing can be done with readily available technical and financial resources, the need for detailed analyses of genomes of certain populations still exists. Here we present, for the first time, sequencing and analysis of a Turkish human genome. We have performed 35x coverage using paired-end sequencing, where over 95% of sequencing reads are mapped to the reference genome covering more than 99% of the bases. The assembly of unmapped reads rendered 11,654 contigs, 2,168 of which did not reveal any homology to known sequences, resulting in ?1 Mbp of unmapped sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery resulted in 3,537,794 SNP calls with 29,184 SNPs identified in coding regions, where 106 were nonsense and 259 were categorized as having a high-impact effect. The homo/hetero zygosity (1,415,123?2,122,671 or 1?1.5) and transition/transversion ratios (2,383,204?1,154,590 or 2.06?1) were within expected limits. Of the identified SNPs, 480,396 were potentially novel with 2,925 in coding regions, including 48 nonsense and 95 high-impact SNPs. Functional analysis of novel high-impact SNPs revealed various interaction networks, notably involving hereditary and neurological disorders or diseases. Assembly results indicated 713,640 indels (1?1.09 insertion/deletion ratio), ranging from ?52 bp to 34 bp in length and causing about 180 codon insertion/deletions and 246 frame shifts. Using paired-end- and read-depth-based methods, we discovered 9,109 structural variants and compared our variant findings with other populations. Our results suggest that whole genome sequencing is a valuable tool for understanding variations in the human genome across different populations. Detailed analyses of genomes of diverse origins greatly benefits research in genetics and medicine and should be conducted on a larger scale. PMID:24416366

Dogan, Haluk; Can, Handan; Otu, Hasan H.

2014-01-01

65

Postoperative pain characteristics in Turkish orthopedic patients.  

PubMed

Postoperative pain is a subjective concept that can only be defined by the individual experiencing it. This research was planned as a descriptive study to make postoperative pain assessments of patients who have undergone major orthopedic surgery. The study sample consisted of 150 patients who met the inclusion criteria and agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire form that included sociodemographic, postoperative pain characteristics, and the McGill Pain Questionnaire. The data obtained were assessed using the SPSS 10.0 program. The mean age of the patients was 54.13 +/- 18.12 years, 67.3% were female, 72.7% of the patients had a history of previous surgery, 43.3% had had hip prosthesis surgery, and 70.7% when their analgesic medications were taken on PRN basis. They experienced "external" pain at the surgical site and in pressure areas according to type of surgery and verbalized their pain at the highest percentages as "throbbing," "tiring," "troublesome," and "nagging." In addition the majority of the patients (95.3%) stated that their pain was decreased with analgesic medication administration, and 78.7% stated that position change and physical therapy (69.3%) increased their pain. In the assessment of pain severity on the third postoperative day, the Present Pain Intensity was determined to be a mean of 1.75 +/- 1.02 (on a scale of 0 to 5), and 78.7% had "intermittent" pain. In addition, worst/severe pain severity was determined to be a mean of 4.55 +/- 0.70 on the third postoperative day. Statistically significant differences were found between patients' pain severity scores (p Turkish orthopedic patients. After an evaluation of the conclusions, nurses must learn the postoperative pain characteristics of orthopedic patients to implement safe and effective postoperative pain management. PMID:20510837

Büyükyilmaz, Funda Esen; A?ti, Türkinaz

2010-06-01

66

Operational Experience and Programmes for Optimal Utilization of the Nigeria Research Reactor1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nigeria Research Reactor-1 (NIRR-1) is the nation's first nuclear reactor and it is sited at the Centre for Energy Research and Training, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. It is a Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) that attained criticality on February 03, 2004 and was licensed to operate at a maximum power of 31 kW three days a week in

S. A. Jonah; G. I. Balogun; A. I Obi; Y. A. Ahmed; B. Nkom; A. A. Mati; I. Yusuf

67

Sources of Self-Identity among Turkish Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores sources of identity among Turkish adolescents. Results indicate that social, familial, personal, physical, and moral-ethical dimensions contributed to adolescents' definitions of self, but to different degrees. Patriotism and religion play a role in moral-ethical identity. Overall, self-identity influenced emotional state, cognitive and…

Guneri, Oya (Yerin); Sumer, Zeynep (Hatipoglu); Yildirim, Ali

1999-01-01

68

The Measurement of Collaborative School Culture (CSC) on Turkish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: School culture is a system of shared orientations that holds a unit together and gives it a distinctive identity (Hoy, 1997). It is a multifaceted concept composed of different factors (Devos et al., 2004; Maslowski, 2001). Aim: The study both aimed to measure the realization rates of collaborative school culture in Turkish public…

Gumuseli, Ali Ilker; Eryilmaz, Arzu

2011-01-01

69

Turkish Parents' Views on Quality Standards for Children's Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of parents of pre-school children about children's programmes on TV. The study had two phases: In the first step "The Evaluation Scale for Children's Programmes" was translated into Turkish, the reliability and validity of the scale was tested through analyzing of the data collected from…

Onder, Alev; Dagal, Asude Balaban

2007-01-01

70

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

71

Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

2008-01-01

72

Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

2012-01-01

73

Turkish Teachers' Expectancies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was designed to investigate (a) which social skills were accepted as critical for success in inclusive classrooms according to the Turkish general classroom teachers and (b) whether the teachers' expectancies related to social skills of the students with and without disabilities differed. The importance dimension of the Social…

Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bulbin

2011-01-01

74

Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

Senyurt, Secil

2014-01-01

75

The Impact of Principalship on School Culture: A Turkish Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses how principals can shape school culture. The author begins by examining the definitions of school culture and the meaning of principalship. The author provides an overview on the literature on the impact of principal leadership on school culture. The author also looks at the present principalship situation in the Turkish…

Celikten, Mustafa

2006-01-01

76

Ottoman Muslim and Turkish women in an international context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women s movements in the late Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey are explored in an international context. The international contacts of individual and organized women in both the first and the second waves of feminist activism are considered. It is necessary to determine the influence, on the one hand, of Turkish women on the international scene of the

NICOLE A. N. M. VAN OS

2005-01-01

77

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

78

Attachment Styles and Self-Image in Turkish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the attachment styles and the relation of these styles to the self-image in Turkish adolescents. The study included 378 adolescents (196 females and 182 males) from high schools with different socioeconomic status (SES) who were administered Relationship Scale Questionnaires and Offer Self-Image…

Cetin, Fusun Cuhadaroglu; Tuzun, Zeynep; Pehlivanturk, Berna; Unal, Fatih; Gokler, Bahar

2010-01-01

79

Turkish Pupils’ Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils’ views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a) arrangement and movement

Yezdan Boz

2006-01-01

80

Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

2009-01-01

81

Political violence, the ‘War on Terror’ and the Turkish military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the impact of the ‘War on Terror’ on political violence in Turkey. It begins by tracing the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the management and support of Turkey's militarised government since Ankara joined the Alliance in 1952. Here, it is suggested that a triangular concert of agents from the Turkish state's intelligence

Tim Jacoby

2010-01-01

82

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

83

Trends in Turkish Mathematics Education Research: From 1998 to 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to determine trends in Turkish Mathematics Education on the basis of both master and doctoral theses involved. The researchers reviewed the online databases of the Higher Education Council and Proquest as well as the library of each university and examined 284 graduate theses in regard to research topic, research methods,…

Baki, Adnan; Guven, Bulent; Karatas, Ilhan; Akkan, Yasar; Cakiroglu, Unal

2011-01-01

84

Benchmarking the Turkish Business Incubators: Supporting Innovation through Innovative Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

As business incubators (Bl) are one of the infrastructures used to promote and support entrepreneurs throughout the world in order to support the realization of innovative ideas, this paper will present a benchmark study of the Turkish business incubators to understand the existing infrastructure and to develop policy suggestions for the improvement of this infrastructure. Even though the main focus

Dilek Cetindamar

2007-01-01

85

An analysis of Turkish high school students' metacognition and motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms of knowledge of cognition (declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, and conditional knowledge) and regulation of cognition (planning, information

Semra Sungur; Burcu Senler

2009-01-01

86

Turkish High School Students' Attitudes towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, it is aimed to present whether or not Turkish high school students' attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help is effected by gender, whether or not having any prior psychological experience, perceived parental attitude and parents' education level. Research group is composed of total of 301 students, educated at high…

Sahin, Hulya; Uyar, Seyma Yuksel

2011-01-01

87

Language Production in Turkish-German-English Trilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study we investigate sentence production in the German interlanguage of Turkish students who have learned German as a first and English as a second foreign language. The students know both languages at an (advanced) intermediate level. Nevertheless, we observed some properties of the German interlanguage that seem to indicate an…

Konig, Wolf

2005-01-01

88

Dutch business opportunities in the Turkish biodiesel sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

To research possibilities for Dutch businesses to be involved in the Turkish biodiesel sector, a short literature study and unstructured interviews with sector stakeholders were performed. Turkey is interested to develop its biofuel sector particularly to improve its security of energy supply, more than climatic based reasons. Turkey is currently importing most of its energy needs. About 50% of oil

Rolien Wiersinga; H. W. Elbersen; G. Yilmaz

2009-01-01

89

Beginning To Read in Turkish: A Phonologically Transparent Orthography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates early literacy acquisition in Turkish with its phonologically transparent orthography and regular letter-sound correspondences. Findings reveal that such orthography fosters the early development of word recognition skills and that phonological awareness contributes to word recognition in the early stages of reading acquisition. (33…

Oney, Banu; Durgunoglu, Aydin Yucesan

1997-01-01

90

Long Memory and Structural Breaks in Turkish Inflation Rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigated the effect of structural breaks on the long memory properties of Turkish inflation rates. Both whole- sale and consumer price inflation series are examined. We used a procedure developed by Robinson (1994a) that lends itself to incorporat- ing trend break and level shift dummies into the model to account for the effects of structural breaks.

Mehmet Balcõlar

2003-01-01

91

First Year Turkish Science Undergraduates' Understandings and Misconceptions of Light  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to identify first year Turkish Science undergraduates' understandings and misconceptions of the concept of light and its propagation. For this purpose, an instrument composed of four open-ended questions was developed by the researchers. The diagnostic test was piloted with twenty students and modifications were made prior…

Yalcin, Mehmet; Altun, Sema; Turgut, Umit; Aggul, Fatma

2009-01-01

92

An Analysis of Turkish High School Students' Metacognition and Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms…

Sungur, Semra; Senler, Burcu

2009-01-01

93

European Journal of Turkish Hometown Organisations in Turkey  

E-print Network

European Journal of Turkish Studies 2 (2005) Hometown Organisations in Turkey excluding any commercial exploitation. Reproduction must necessarily mention the editor, the journal name of the publisher, except in cases provided by legislation in force in France. Revues.org is a platform for journals

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

94

Turkish Adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--Version III  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the…

Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

2012-01-01

95

Text2arff: Automatic feature extraction software for Turkish texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which features are the most important for the text classification tasks? In the automatic text categorization area, several studies seek answers to this question. In this paper, a feature extraction tool for Turkish texts (Text2arff) is presented. The toolbox automatically extracts several features such as the frequencies of the words and ngrams, word clustering, Latent semantic indexing etc. The features

M. F. Amasyali; F. Davletov; A. I. Torayew; U. C?iftçi

2010-01-01

96

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

97

Adaptation of an Emotional Intelligence Scale for Turkish Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schutte et al.'s (1998) emotional intelligence scale was adapted and administered to 177 Turkish educators. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were performed. In order to confirm the authors' model and findings of previous research, one, two, three, and four factor models were examined. It was decided that the one factor model fitted the…

Cakan, Mehtap; Altun; Sadegul Akbaba

2005-01-01

98

The proximal femoral morphometry of Turkish women on radiographs  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In this study, proximal femoral morphometry was measured on radiographs of Turkish women. Hip fractures have high morbidity and mortality rates for people and is generally seen in elderly. It is known that the body mass index (BMI) and proximal femoral morphom- etry are important determinants of fracture risk. Our aim is to perform the measurements of proximal femoral

J. Irdesel; I. Ari

99

Exploring Teacher Perceptions and Expectations of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot Girls from the Perspectives of Both Teachers and Students in Three London Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the role of teacher perceptions and expectations in the relatively low educational achievement of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot (T/K/TC) girls in the English secondary system. Recent research emphasises the "invisibility" of these groups within educational settings. However, the study reported here finds, on…

Jones, Ann Elisabeth

2014-01-01

100

Elucidating genetic relationships, diversity and population structure among the Turkish female figs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A collection of 96 female Turkish fig (Ficus carica L.) accessions was studied to elucidate genetic structure and estimate diversity and genetic similarity distribution among\\u000a the female figs present in Turkish genetic resources, using 157 molecular genome markers including 129 sequence-related amplified\\u000a polymorphisms, 21 random amplified polymorphic DNAs, and 7 simple-sequence repeats. The plant samples mainly included Turkish\\u000a fig collections

Hatice Ikten; Nedim Mutlu; Osman Gulsen; Hilmi Kocatas; Uygun Aksoy

2010-01-01

101

Monte Carlo simulation of core physics parameters of the Nigeria Research Reactor1 (NIRR-1)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) code, version 4C (MCNP4C) and a set of neutron cross-section data were used to develop an accurate three-dimensional computational model of the Nigeria Research Reactor-1 (NIRR-1). The geometry of the reactor core was modeled as closely as possible including the details of all the fuel elements, reactivity regulators, the control rod, all irradiation channels, and

S. A. Jonah; J. R. Liaw; J. E. Matos

2007-01-01

102

Corruption and internal fraud in the Turkish construction industry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding about the internal fraud and corruption problem in the Turkish construction industry. The reasons behind the internal fraud and corruption problem as well as the types of prevention methods were investigated; and as a result various recommendations were made. To this end, a risk awareness questionnaire was used to understand the behavioral patterns of the construction industry, and to clarify possible proactive and reactive measures against internal fraud and corruption. The type of fraud experienced by Turkish construction companies was also surveyed in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent to 89 firms; and depending on the collected data, certain recommendations for construction industry professionals were provided. PMID:22371033

Gunduz, Murat; Önder, Oytun

2013-06-01

103

Oral Health Care Behavior in a Group of Turkish Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate oral health attitude and behavior of a group of Turkish children aged between 6-12 years Methods: A sample of 139 children attending Marmara University Dentistry School (MUDS) Department of Pediatrics Dentistry between December 2002 to April 2003 was selected. Results: The mean age for girls was 8.82 yr (SD=2.06) and for

N Bekiroglu; I Tanboga; B Altinok; B Kargul

2009-01-01

104

Non-isothermal pyrolysis kinetics of three Turkish oil shales  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetric analysis (t.g.a.) was conducted to determine the overall kinetics of pyrolysis of three Turkish oil shales: Beypazari, Seyitömer and Himmeto?lu. The integral method was used in the analysis of the t.g.a. data to determine first-order pyrolysis kinetics. Particle sizes of 0.7, 1.3 and 2.6 mm and final temperatures of 400, 550 and 700°C were

Ö. Murat Do?an; B. Zühtü Uysal

1996-01-01

105

Student selection and placement in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic development, urbanisation and a rapidly increasing population have posed considerable problems for the higher education system of the Republic of Turkey. In particular there has been a great increase in demand for places in Turkish universities.This paper outlines the national one-stage test system which operated between 1974 and 1981 and describes in more detail the two-stage test system which

Brian Grant

1990-01-01

106

Entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention: the Turkish case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship of entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurial intention in the Turkish culture.\\u000a Sub-dimensions of ESE were investigated and the level of entrepreneurial intention was discussed. The sample comprised of\\u000a 245 undergraduate students of a university in Turkey. Results suggest that students have a high intention to be entrepreneurs.\\u000a ESE has a strong effect on entrepreneurial intention,

Atilhan Naktiyok; Canan Nur Karabey; Ali Caglar Gulluce

2010-01-01

107

Type 2 diabetes in Belgians of Turkish and Moroccan origin  

PubMed Central

Objectives To compare the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 74 years of the Turkish and Moroccan communities in Belgium with the prevalence in native Belgians. To examine the determinants and specific mechanisms responsible for differences in diabetes between these communities. Method Both objectives were examined using the Health Interview Surveys of 1997, 2001 and 2004. Stepwise logistic regression analyses were performed with diabetes as the outcome variable. The variables 'age', 'sex', 'ethnic origin', 'body mass index', 'lack of physical activity', 'educational attainment' and 'income' were introduced in the model in consecutive steps. Results In 35- to 74-year-olds, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is higher in Belgians of Tur-kish and Moroccan origin than in native Belgians. In native Belgian men, the prevalence amounts to 5.0%. In 35- to 74-year-old men of Turkish and Moroccan origin, the diabetes prevalence is 5.8% and 6.5% respectively. 4.3%, 18.7% and 11.9% of the women of Belgian, Turkish and Moroccan origin respectively suffer from diabetes. In men, differences in the prevalence of diabetes are strongly reduced after controlling for lack of physical activity and educational attainment. In women, differences remain high, although they become smaller after accounting for BMI and educational attainment. Conclusions In men, the differences in diabetes prevalence are explained by lifestyle factors and educational attainment. In women, the community differences in diabetes prevalence persist, although lifestyle factors and educational attainment play an important part in understanding these differences.

2009-01-01

108

European trade in Turkish Salep with special reference to Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of salep (ground orchid bulbs) has a long history in Turkey. The analysis of its trade revealed that it is still used\\u000a there as medicine, drink and as binder in so- called Mara? Ice cream. Substitutes, however, increasingly enter the market.\\u000a Export figures unfortunately do not distinguish between true salep and substitutes. The officially recorded Turkish export\\u000a of

Max Kasparek; Ute Grimm

1999-01-01

109

Mediated Justice: Turkish Newspapers’ Coverage of Controversial Criminal Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a content analysis of news coverage of three criminal cases in four (Cumhuriyet, Hürriyet, Sabah, Zaman) Turkish national newspapers. Those cases were extensively discussed on both national and international levels and they became symbols in the quest for justice in the country. The brutal beheading of 17?year?old Münevver Karabulut, 76?year?old Vakit columnist Hüseyin Üzmez’s sexually abusing a

Asli Tunç

2010-01-01

110

The Adaptation Study of Academic Motivation Scale into Turkish  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, by translating the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) developed by Leeper, Corpus and Ivengar (2004) into Turkish, it was aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the concerning evidence. The scale is made up of two sub-scales called Extrinsic Motivation Subscale (EMS) and Intrinsic Motivation Subscale(IMS). Both two subscales have 3 sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions of EMS are;

Hasan Bacanl?; Ozlem Sahinkaya

2011-01-01

111

Organizational culture: the case of Turkish construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main stimulus of this study is to examine the cultural profile of construction organizations within the context of Turkish construction industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is a part of a cross-cultural research, initiated by CIB W112 (Working Commission W112 of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction), concurrently ongoing in 15 different countries.

Ela Oney-Yaz?c?; Heyecan Giritli; Gulfer Topcu-Oraz; Emrah Acar

2007-01-01

112

[Communication, compliance and perinatal risks of Turkish females in Tyrol].  

PubMed

Migrant workers from Turkey and their families make up 1% of the population of the Tyrol province in the west of Austria. They are the largest group of aliens. 152 Turkish women who were seen at our obstetrics department were investigated. Records of 121 women who had given birth to infants in the years 1984-86 were compared. 31 pregnant women were interviewed in their native language. More than 80% of all women studied went for routine check-ups four times or more during pregnancy. A number of conditions that would otherwise remain undetected are being diagnosed at routine pregnancy checks: tuberculosis, diabetes, genetic disease. Although patient compliance is good in this group, communication problems often put a successful outcome of the pregnancy at risk. Many women, who have been living in Austria for many years, are still unable to speak and understand German. Unqualified interpreters (husbands, children, relatives, hospital cleaning staff that is composed largely of Turks) often create problems by making up things the doctor would like to hear. The rate of cesarean sections is 11% in this group. Perinatal infant mortality rate is much higher than in the native Austrian population. The strict hygienic rules of Islam, the support and nurture supplied by the tightly-knit family structure of Turkish emigrants and a basically confident and trusting attitude towards doctors and nurses, if these can make themselves understood, should be recognised as positive factors and should be used to reduce perinatal risks in pregnant Turkish women. PMID:2737437

Brezinka, C; Huter, O; Busch, G; Unus, S

1989-05-01

113

Corneal Endothelial Cell Density and Morphology in Healthy Turkish Eyes  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To describe the normative values of corneal endothelial cell density, morphology, and central corneal thickness in healthy Turkish eyes. Methods. Specular microscopy was performed in 252 eyes of 126 healthy volunteers (M?:?F, 42?:?84). Parameters studied included mean endothelial cell density (MCD), mean cell area (MCA), coefficient of variation (CV) in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and central corneal thickness (CCT). Results. The mean age of volunteers was 44.3 ± 13.5 (range, 20 to 70) years. There was a statistically significant decrease in MCD (P < 0.001; correlation, ?0.388) and percentage of hexagonal cells, (P < 0.001; correlation, ?0.199) with age. There was also a statistically significant increase in MCA (P < 0.001; correlation, 0.363) with increasing age. There was no statistically significant difference in MCD, MCA, CV in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and CCT between genders and there was also no significant difference in these parameters between fellow eyes of subjects. Conclusions. Normotive data for the endothelium in the Turkish population are reported. Endothelial cell density in the Turkish eyes is less than that described in the Japanese, American, Chinese, and Filipino eyes and higher than that described in Indian, Thai, and Iranian eyes. PMID:24683494

Ar?c?, Ceyhun; Arslan, Osman Sevki; Dikkaya, Funda

2014-01-01

114

Attitudes of Australian and Turkish veterinary faculty toward animal welfare.  

PubMed

The attitudes of veterinary faculty toward animal welfare were surveyed in four Australian and three Turkish veterinary schools. The former were considered to be typical of modern Western schools, with a faculty of more than 40% women and a primary focus on companion animals, whereas the latter were considered to represent more traditional veterinary teaching establishments, with a faculty of 88% men and a primary focus on livestock. A total of 116 faculty responded to the survey (42 Australian and 74 Turkish faculty members), for response rates of 30% and 33%, respectively. This survey included demographic questions as well as questions about attitudes toward animal-welfare issues. Women were more concerned than men about animal-welfare issues, especially the use of animals in experiments, zoos, entertainment, and sports and for food and clothing. Total scores demonstrated different concerns among Turkish and Australian faculty. The study demonstrates that the veterinary faculty of these two countries have different concerns for animal welfare, concerns that should be acknowledged in considering the welfare attitudes that students may adopt. PMID:22718008

Izmirli, Serdar; Phillips, Clive J C

2012-01-01

115

The Impact of Political Islam on Education: ''The Revitalization of Islamic Education in the Turkish Educational Setting''  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study on the revitalization of Islamic education in the Turkish educational setting focuses particularly on the impact that Political Islam has had, by analyzing the role of religion across different periods of Turkish history. In the 1950s a multi-party democracy period started in Turkey and the Turkish educational setting was exposed to…

Guven, I.

2005-01-01

116

An Analysis of Relations among Personal Variables, Perceived Self-Efficacy and Social Support on Burnout among Turkish EFL Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effects of personal variables and perceived self- efficacy in eliciting social support on the three successive burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (RPA) in Turkish EFL teachers. 63 Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory School of an English-medium Turkish university in Istanbul participated in

Enisa Mede

117

Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature, Politics, and Society  

E-print Network

-Muslim immigrant communities in Germany. Women belonging to highly conservative Muslim families were murdered (The Foreign Bride), which details the practice of trafficking under-age Turkish brides to Germany for Turkish men, give a voice to Turkish-German women stifled by conservative, oppressive gender roles

New Hampshire, University of

118

Impact of the Headscarf Ban Policy on the Identity Development of Part-Time Unveilers in Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the impact of the Turkish higher education headscarf ban policy on the plural self-identities (i.e., as Turkish citizens, as Muslims, and as females) of part-time unveilers, female students who cover their hair in their private life but who remove the headscarf (or conceal it to appear unveiled) while at a Turkish…

Seggie, Fatma Nevra; Austin, Ann E.

2010-01-01

119

Karagz: A Hierarchical Modeling and Animation System for Turkish Shadow Theater  

E-print Network

Karagöz: A Hierarchical Modeling and Animation System for Turkish Shadow Theater by Ugur Güdükbay Shadow Theater, Karagöz. Using hierarchical modeling, Karagöz is able to animate characters of the Turkish Shadow Theater by using model parameters related to the dierent parts of the body

Güdükbay, Ugur

120

Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

2005-01-01

121

Comparing the earthquake exposed and non-exposed Turkish children's Post Traumatic Stress Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unfortunately, Turkey is stretched out on the earthquake fault line; therefore, Turkish children are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by earthquake exposures and the threats of the anticipated earthquakes as well as aftershocks. This current study aimed at identifying PTSD reactions of disaster exposed and non-exposed Turkish children after the big 1999 Marmara earthquakes in the

Sefa Bulut

2006-01-01

122

Language Proficiency and Socio-Cultural Orientation of Turkish and Moroccan Youngsters in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherlands. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in…

Extra, Guus; Yagmur, Kutlay

2010-01-01

123

Migrants and the meaning of parenthood: involuntary childless Turkish migrants in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Parenthood motives of infertile Turkish migrant men and women in The Netherlands are com- pared with those of infertile Dutch men and women. Additionally, the question of whether the importance of various parenthood motives of Turkish migrants are related to the degree of adaptation to the Dutch culture was investi- gated. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 58 involuntary childless

Rooij van F. B; F. van Balen; J. M. A. Hermanns

2006-01-01

124

A Study of Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Attitudes toward Science and Science Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to reveal Turkish preservice science teachers' attitudes toward science and science teaching by using a Turkish translation of the last version of the Science Teaching Attitudes Scale (STAS-II) by Moore and Foy (1997). The sample size for the study was 612 freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior science education…

Turkmen, Lutfullah; Bonnstetter, Ronald

125

We Are Family: The Child and Modern Nationhood in Early Turkish Republican Cartoons (1923-28)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Images of children appear with striking frequency in Turkish Republican cartoons produced in the years immediately following the War of Independence (1919-23). Turkish nationalistic ideology commonly conceives of the nation as a sacred entity worthy of the people's devotion and often uses the metaphor of family and blood relations to describe a covenantal bond. Like the members of a family,

Yasemin Gencer

2012-01-01

126

Heavy metals in organisms and sediments from Turkish Coast of the Black Sea, 1997–1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the period 1997–1998, macroalgae, sea snail, mussel, fish and sediment samples were collected at different stations of the Turkish Black Sea coast in order to establish the concentration of selected heavy metals. Heavy metals analyzed were Cd, Co, Cr, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn, Pb and Cu. The results showed that the Turkish Black Sea coast is facing heavy metal

S Topcuo?lu; Ç K?rba?o?lu; N Güngör

2002-01-01

127

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

128

Turkish versions of To the lighthouse from the perspective of modernism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the reception of modernism in Turkey, from the tracks of the Turkish versions of Virginia Woolf's To the lighthouse. Accordingly, it compares the Turkish versions of To the lighthouse (from 1944 to 2000), so as to reveal the way in which ‘modernism’ has been perceived as a literary genre, and the stages it has gone through

Mine Yaz?c?

2010-01-01

129

Determination of Career Planning Profiles of Turkish Athletes Who Are Ranked in the Olympics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study researched in the level of career planning of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics during the time they were active in sports and after they retired. This study which aimed to determine the career planning efficiency of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics based on the viewpoints of the athletes holding Olympic degree is scanning…

Hulya, Bingol; Cemal, Gundogdu; Sukru, Bingol

2012-01-01

130

DESIRED AND PORTRAYED CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN IN MODERN TURKISH LITERATURE: 1960-1980  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the position of women in Turkish society since 1960, and the portrayal of these women in selected novels, short stories and plays of Turkish authors from 1960 until 1980. It examines whether the subordination of women in society is ascribed in literary works to their supposed innate inferiority as women, or is shown to be

Ramazan GÜLENDAM

131

Beliefs About Wife Beating Among Turkish College Students: The Effects of Patriarchy, Sexism, and Sex Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how patriarchy, hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, and sex of participants influence Turkish College students' attitudes toward wife beating. Two hundred twenty-one Turkish undergraduate students from Middle East Technical University filled out questionnaires measuring attitudes toward wife beating, hostile and benevolent sexism, and support for patriarchy. Participants were from middle or high social classes, and from various region

Nuray Sakalli

2001-01-01

132

Gender Differences in Attachment Styles regarding Conflict Handling Behaviors among Turkish Late Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine gender differences in attachment styles and explore the relationship between attachment styles and preference for conflict handling behavior in close relationships among Turkish adolescents. The participants comprised 371 Turkish undergraduate students (252 females and 119 males; with a mean age of 21.98 years;…

Karairmak, Ozlem; Duran, Nagihan Oguz

2008-01-01

133

Vegetarianism and eating disorders: association between eating attitudes and other psychological factors among Turkish adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist in eating attitudes, self-esteem, social trait anxiety and social physique anxiety of self-reported vegetarian and nonvegetarian Turkish adolescents. The sample for the Turkish University' students is designed to provide the estimates of vegetarian indicators and prevalence. The participants were 608 females and 597 males, in total 1205 adolescents aged

Murat Ba?; Efsun Karabudak; Gül Kiziltan

2005-01-01

134

Cold War Masculinities in Turkish Literature: A Survey of March 12 Novels imen Gnay-Erkol  

E-print Network

Cold War Masculinities in Turkish Literature: A Survey of March 12 Novels �imen Günay to the center and tries to read March 12 novels anew, carrying out a narratological analysis with a gender a reading of three distinguished novels of Turkish literature that were published immediately after

van den Brink, Jeroen

135

Assessment of Turkish and class teacher candidates’ attitudes towards children's literature and children's literature lesson  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose of this research is to reveal class and Turkish teacher candidates’ attitudes towards children's literature lesson, and works of children's literature. Study group of this research is comprised of students from Classroom Teaching and Turkish Teaching Departments of Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. Answers were sought for the level of classroom teaching and pre- school teacher candidates’ towards

A. Halim Ula?; Emine Kolaç; Yakup Topal; Oguzhan Sevim

2010-01-01

136

A Content Analysis of Turkish Newspapers: Prevalence of Articles Containing Health Information Related to Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was retrospective in design and the purpose was to review health information related to PA (physical activity) in articles of Turkish newspapers. The search covered newspaper articles printed between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 in all Turkish newspapers that are accessible via the electronic newspaper database. Four daily…

Koksal, Leyla; Subasi, Feryal; Luleci, Emel; Hey, William

2012-01-01

137

Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems: Process Models of a Turkish Nomad Clan  

E-print Network

Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems: Process Models of a Turkish Nomad Clan Douglas R. White and Ulla C. Johansen Lexington Books #12;ii Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems: Process Models;iii Network Analysis and Ethnographic Problems: Process Models of a Turkish Nomad Clan Douglas R

White, Douglas R.

138

Coping Resources, Perceived Stress, and Life Satisfaction Among Turkish and American University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated coping resources (Coping Resources Inventory for Stress), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), and life satisfaction (Satisfaction with Life Scale) among American and Turkish university students. Results support the use of transactional stress constructs in studying life satisfaction with students in both countries. American and Turkish students did not differ significantly in regard to perceived stress, life satisfaction,

Kenneth B. Matheny; William L. Curlette; Ferda Aysan; Anna Herrington; Coleman Allen Gfroerer; Errol Hamarat; Dennis F. Thompson

2002-01-01

139

Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

140

Validation of the Turkish version of the foot and ankle outcome score.  

PubMed

The objective is to develop a Turkish version of the foot and ankle outcome score (FAOS) and to investigate its validity and reliability. The Turkish version of FAOS was developed after the translation and back-translation. The translated version was pretested on 20 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Then, the Turkish FAOS was administered to 55 patients having foot and ankle problems. They were also evaluated by using the four subscales of the Turkish version of AIMS2, and the Turkish version of SF-36 questionnaire to test validity. Fifty patients filled out the FAOS for second time to determine test–retest reliability. Construct validity was investigated with use of Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. Test–retest reliability was assessed with use of the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach’s alpha score. The psychometric properties of the Turkish FAOS were generally similar to the original FAOS. The random ICC for the five subscales ranged from 0.70 to 0.96. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient ranged from 0.79 to 0.97. Construct validity of the FAOS was good. The Turkish FAOS correlated with the SF-36 and AIMS2 scales. The Turkish version of FAOS was valid and reliable instrument to assess the foot and ankle related problems. However, to assess its responsiveness further studies are needed. PMID:19370349

Karatepe, Altinay Göksel; Günaydin, Rezzan; Kaya, Taciser; Karliba?, U?ur; Özbek, Gülriz

2009-12-01

141

Preferences of Turkish Language Teachers for the Assessment-Evaluation Tools and Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the rate of teachers' use of assessment and evaluation tools given in 2005 curriculum of Turkish language teaching. To this end; we presented a list of assessment and evaluation tools on the basis of random sampling to 216 teachers of Turkish who work in Ordu, Samsun, Ankara, Trabzon and Istanbul…

Guney, Nail

2013-01-01

142

"They Don't like Us": Reflections of Turkish Children in a German Preschool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present multiple interpretations of a transcript of a discussion with a group of Turkish-German girls in a kindergarten in Berlin, Germany. These five-year-old girls make statements suggesting they experience alienation from their non-Turkish classmates and teachers, and the wider German society. The authors argue that…

Kurban, Fikriye; Tobin, Joseph

2009-01-01

143

Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

Adalier, Ahmet

2012-01-01

144

Exploring the Factors Influencing E-Learning of Turkish EFL Learners through TAM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the attitude of Turkish EFL learners towards technology and to determine the factors influencing the academic achievement of the learners while using technology. Survey method was used to collect data about technology acceptance of the Turkish Foreign Language Learners. This research was conducted at a…

Cakir, Recep; Solak, Ekrem

2014-01-01

145

Disintegration and Violence among Migrants in Germany: Turkish and Russian Youths versus German Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish and Russian immigrants are the two largest groups of immigrants in Germany, but there are some important differences regarding their legal status. Although most of the Turkish adolescents were born in Germany, few of them have German citizenship. In contrast, most of the Russian youths were born outside Germany, but they mostly possess…

Baier, Dirk; Pfeiffer, Christian

2008-01-01

146

Increasing returns to information and the survival of Turkish public theatre plays  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates increasing returns to information and the survival of Turkish public theatre productions. Log size and rank relationship is found to display autocorrelated growth in a sample of 556 plays put on stage in the Turkish public theatre system in 12 different cities between 1998 and 2003. The lifetime of plays is also investigated and the features of

Sacit Hadi Akdede; Ayla Ogus

2006-01-01

147

Somatotypes of Male Whitewater Canoe Athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to determine the somatotype characteristics of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. 10 male whitewater canoe athletes from the Turkish National Canoe Team voluntarily participated in the study during the national team camp in Rize in 2011. The age, height, weight, skinfold thickness, circumference,…

Vedat, Ayan

2012-01-01

148

Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

2012-01-01

149

Organisational Patterns: Surinamese and Turkish Associations in Amsterdam, 1960–1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the organisations of two groups of immigrants in Amsterdam—the Surinamese and the Turks. It documents the numbers of Surinamese and Turkish organisations and traces the process of organisational differentiation in each group. It then analyses the evolution of Surinamese and Turkish organisational patterns to see in what way they differ, and why this is the case. It

Floris Vermeulen; F. F. Vermeulen

2005-01-01

150

Italian contributions to Turkish paediatrics during the Ottoman Empire.  

PubMed

The Ottoman Empire maintained close relations with the neighbouring Italian city states in the 16th and 17th century. Yacub Pasha (1425-1481), personal physician of Mehmed II the Conqueror, was an Italian Jew who advanced to the title of pasha and vizier. Domenico Hierosolimitano (ca. 1552-1622), the third physician to Sultan Murad III, was a Jerusalemite rabbi. His book is an important source about everyday life and medical practice in Istanbul at the time. Nuh bin Abd al-Mennab (1627-1707), also of Italian stock, was the Chief Physician of the Ottoman Empire, who translated a pharmacopoeia into Turkish. In the same century, two Italians, Israel Conegliano (Conian) and Tobia Cohen became private physicians to leading Ottoman pashas and the Grand Vizier. A. Vuccino (1829-1893) and Antoine Calleja Pasha (1806-1893) taught at the Istanbul Medical School. Italy was a favoured country for medical education during the early period of Ottoman westernisation. Sanizade Mehmet Ataullah Efendi (1771-1826) translated the first medical book printed in the Ottoman Empire from Italian into Turkish. Mustafa Behcet Efendi (1774-1833), chief physician to the Sultan and the founder of the first western medical school in Turkey, translated several medical books from Italian into Turkish. The first printed pharmacopeia in the Ottoman Empire was also originally Italian In the 19th century, Edouard Ottoni and his son Giuseppe Ottoni were well-known military pharmacists, both under the name of Faik Pasha. Probably the most influential physician of Italian origin was Giovanni Battista Violi (1849-1928), who had practiced paediatrics in Turkey for more than fifty years. Violi was the founder of the first children's hospital, the first vaccine institute, and the first paediatric journal in the Ottoman Empire. PMID:24304113

Yurdakok, Murat; Cataldi, Luigi

2013-01-01

151

Sexual experience and risky sexual behaviours of Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To determine the sexual experience and risky sexual behaviours of Turkish university students.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out in a state university in central Turkey. The data were collected\\u000a in the 2006–2007 academic year in this university. Participants were 949 convenience students from this university. The study\\u000a group was determined by a stratified sampling method, with

Zehra Golbasi; Meral Kelleci

2011-01-01

152

A new debate for Turkish physicians: e-detailing.  

PubMed

The study presents an empirical analysis of the attitudes of Turkish physicians towards e-detailing practices compared to face-to-face detailing. The findings reveal that although physicians have positive attitudes toward e-detailing, on some points they are still undecided and/or have doubts. The structural model revealed that affect, convenience, and informative content influence their attitude in a positive manner, whereas the personal interaction was found to be a negative factor. Physicians' age and frequency of calls received from representatives are moderators. The present study can be seen as an addition to pharmaceutical marketing, an underresearched study field in Turkey, and e-detailing particularly. PMID:23210675

Ventura, Keti; Baybars, Miray; Dedeoglu, Ayla Ozhan

2012-01-01

153

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail [Council of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul (Turkey); Uner, H. Bulent [Institute of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

2007-04-23

154

Wellness and Self-esteem Among Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four\\u000a of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms\\u000a of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a short-form\\u000a of the Wellness Inventory (WI-30). The results of ANOVA showed

Nagihan Oguz-Duran; Esin Tezer

2009-01-01

155

Charting the growth of the Turkish-Iranian plateau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stretching from the Persian Gulf up through Turkey, the northwest-southeast running Zagros fold-and-thrust belt is a region of extensive crustal deformation and seismic activity. Near the Zagros Mountains the structure of the Middle Eastern region is the result of the intersection of three tectonic plates, with the Eurasian plate being squished on both sides by the Arabian and Indian plates. Convergence of the plates is driving the formation of the Turkish-Iranian plateau, a high-elevation expanse of relatively smooth terrain reaching in some places more than 2 kilometers into the sky and lying northeast of the Zagros belt.

Schultz, Colin

2013-06-01

156

Substance use in a sample of Turkish medical students.  

PubMed

This study identifies the prevalence of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drug use in a sample of Turkish medical students. Information about substance use was obtained from 304 first-year, and 143 sixth-year medical students from three different medical schools in Turkey. Nearly half of the students (53.9%) were non-drinkers. Risky alcohol use was 7.4%. Lifetime smoking prevalence was 39.9 and 26.4% of the junior and 44.1% of the senior medical students (mean consumption of 13.9 and 15.5 cigarettes a day, respectively) reported regular smoking. Nicotine dependence was present in 3.1%. Only 4% of the students reported using illicit drugs (cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine) at least once in their lifetime. The mean ages of first use of cigarettes, alcohol and illicit drugs were earlier for junior medical students than senior students. Of the students, 25.5% had anxiety and 36.8% had depression scores in the clinically significant range. Our results suggest that although Turkish medical students are not at a high risk of substance abuse it should not be underestimated, and the risk factors as well as the protective factors must be identified in nation-wide studies. PMID:14636966

Akvardar, Yildiz; Demiral, Yücel; Ergör, Gül; Ergör, Alp; Bilici, Mustafa; Akil Ozer, Omer

2003-11-24

157

Rare childhood tumors in a Turkish pediatric oncology center  

PubMed Central

Background: It has been estimated that rare tumor rate is about 15% of all childhood cancer in United States. According to Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group (TPOG) datas, 8889 children were diagnosed between 2002 and 2008 in our country and 3.7% of them were diagnosed as rare tumors. Aim: To investigate the frequency and clinical features of rare tumors in our pediatric oncology center. Materials and Methods: A total of 43 cases that have diagnosed as rare tumor in 574 cancer patients between the yaer 2002 and 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. All cases definitive diagnosis were established by histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Results: Frequency of rare tumors was 7.4% in our center. Benign and border line rare tumors were 27 (62.7%) cases, malignant rare tumor were 16 (37.2%) cases. Median follow-up period was 48 months (between 1 and 110 months). Six of the malignant rare tumors were died with progressive disease (synovial sarcoma, mixed malignant mesenchymal tumor, undifferentiated sarcoma, plexus choroideus carcinoma, renal peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor, adrenocortical carcinoma). Malignant rare tumor mortality rate was found 37.5% in our clinic. Conclusion: We have found that our rare tumor rate (7.4%) was higher than Turkish rare tumor rate (3.7%) according to TPOG's datas. However, it was still lower than rare tumor rates of western countries (15%), probably due to difficulties of diagnosis and referral problems. PMID:24604955

Tacyildiz, Nurdan; Ozyoruk, Derya; Yavuz, Gulsan; Unal, Emel Cab?; Dincaslan, Handan; Tany?ld?z, Gulsah Oktay; Gordu, Zulfikar; S?klar, Zeynep; Berberoglu, Merih; Ocal, Gonul

2013-01-01

158

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) Project: Status and Regional Importance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) Project was started in 1997 with support of the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey under Ankara University's coordination. After completing Feasibility Report (FR, 2000) and Conceptual Design Repot (CDR, 2005), third phase of the project was started in 2006 as an inter-university project with support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to write Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility as a first step. The first facility and TDR studies are planned to be completed in 2012. Construction phase of TAC will cover 2013-2023. TAC collaboration include ten Turkish Universities: Ankara, Gazi, ?stanbul, Bo?aziçi, Do?u?, Uluda?, Dumlupmar, Ni?de, Erciyes and S. Demirel Universities. It was planned that the first facility will be an IR FEL & Bremsstrahlung laboratory based on 15-40 MeV electron linac and two optical cavities with 2.5 and 9 cm undulators to scan 2-250 microns wavelength range. Main purpose of the facility is to use IR FEL for research in material science, nonlinear optics, semiconductors, biotechnology, medicine and photochemical processes. In this study; aims, regional importance, main parts and main parameters of TAC and TAC IR FEL & Bremsstrahlung facility are explained. Road map of the TAC project is given. National and international collaborations are explained.

Yava?, Ö.

2010-01-01

159

Tuesday 27 May 14:30 Turkish: History of the Middle East in the Age of Empire. Monday 09 June 09:30 Arabic Unprepared Translation into English and Comprehension.  

E-print Network

): Politics. Sanskrit: Unprepared Translation. Turkish: Unprepared Translation from Ottoman and Modern Turkish. Japanese Prose Composition. Persian: The Rise of Qajars to End of Constitutional Revolution. Sanskrit: Iranian History from 1501 to 1722. Sanskrit: Indian Linguistics. Turkish Language Reform and Language

Oxford, University of

160

A qualitative case study of the impact of socio-cultural factors on prominent Turkish writers  

E-print Network

with the participants were transcribed, translated from Turkish into English, and analyzed. The constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967; Lincoln & Guba, 1985) was used as the method of analysis. Other documents about the participants were also used as data...

Gunersel, Adalet Baris

2009-05-15

161

Effects of National Cultures in Contract Negotiations: A Study of Turkish and American Cultures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the impact of national cultures in international contract negotiations. The main focus, however, is negotiations between Turkish and American entities. The key cultural differences between the two societies are determined by a cultura...

M. Kutlu

1999-01-01

162

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychiatric symptomatology were investigated in a Turkish college sample of 350 participants (233 females and 117 males). The data were collected with the Turkish version of Tobacyks revised Paranormal Belief Scale (PBS-R), Rotters Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (IELOC), and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Small but significant positive correlations between the

I Dag

1999-01-01

163

Parenting and preschool child behaviour among Turkish immigrant, migrant and non-migrant families  

Microsoft Academic Search

When families migrate the new culture and culture of origin may conflict, with possible consequences for parenting and children's development. Turks form one of the largest immigrant groups in Western Europe, and there is also much movement within Turkey. This study compares three groups; Turkish immigrants to the UK (N = 142), migrants within Turkey (N = 229), and Turkish non-migrants (locals, N = 396). The

Melek Daglar; Edward Melhuish; Jacqueline Barnes

2011-01-01

164

Parental Influence On Union Formation Preferences Among Turkish, Moroccan, and Dutch Adolescents in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study first examines union formation preferences of Turkish, Moroccan, and Dutch adolescents. Second, the study shows how and to what extent parents are of influence on these preferences. Hypotheses are derived from cross-cultural psychology and theories on intergenerational transmission. Self-reported data of approximately 19,000 Dutch, 460 Turkish, and 400 Moroccan adolescents 11 to 23 years of age are used

Helga A. G. De Valk; Aart C. Liefbroer

2007-01-01

165

Leader–member exchange (LMX), paternalism, and delegation in the Turkish business culture: An empirical investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although businesses increasingly operate across cultures, there is a paucity of research that examines the influence of national culture on leadership practices. This study uses a structural equation modeling approach to investigate relationships among leader–member exchange (LMX), delegation, paternalism, and job satisfaction in Turkish business organizations. Results from a survey study of N=185 full-time employees from Turkish companies support the

Ekin K Pellegrini; Terri A Scandura

2006-01-01

166

Relationship between cognitive appraisal and coping style following acute stress among male and female Turkish athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between factors of two constructs, cognitive appraisal and coping style among Turkish athletes. Turkish athletes (N?=?325) completed a two-part inventory called the coping style in sport survey (CSSS), which consisted of the athletes' appraisal of a stressful event and how they coped with this stressor. Theory-driven categories of appraisal and

Mark H. Anshel; Toto Sutarso; Didem Sozen

2012-01-01

167

Suicidal behavior and attitudes in Slovak and Turkish high school students: a cross-cultural investigation.  

PubMed

Suicidal behavior and its variation across social contexts are of importance for the science of suicidology. Due to its special character controlled experimental studies on suicide are ruled out for ethical reasons. Cross-cultural studies may throw light on the etiology of both suicidal behavior and its cross-cultural variation. The present study compared suicidal behavior and attitudes in 423 Slovak and 541 Turkish high school students by means of a self-report questionnaire. The two groups reported similar percentages (Slovak = 36.4%; Turkish = 33.8%) of lifetime, past 12-months or current suicidal ideation but significantly more Turkish (12.2%) than Slovak (4.8%) students reported lifetime or past 12-months suicide attempts. Slovak adolescents displayed more liberal and permissive attitudes toward suicide, while those of Turkish adolescents were more rejecting. Turkish students rated themselves to be more religious and hence they believed to a greater extent that suicidal persons would be punished in a life after death than their Slovak peers. However, attitudes of Turkish students toward an imagined suicidal close friend were more accepting than the attitudes of Slovak students. Comparison of suicidal and nonsuicidal students revealed that those reporting suicidal ideation or attempts were more accepting of suicide and viewed suicide as a solution to a greater extent than the nonsuicidal ones. The results from this study suggest that cultural factors play a role in suicidal behavior, attitudes and reactions in a predicted direction. PMID:24350593

Eskin, Mehmet; Palova, Eva; Krokavcova, Martina

2014-01-01

168

Participation in breast cancer screening among women of Turkish origin in Germany - a register-based study  

PubMed Central

Background Population-based breast cancer screening programs were implemented to reduce breast cancer mortality and to improve recovery chances. Breast cancer screening participation among migrant women differs from that of autochthonous populations in several European countries. Here we investigate for the first time participation among women of Turkish origin in Germany. Methods Data of five screening units covering 2010 and 2011 as well as associated population registries were analysed. Women of Turkish origin were identified using a name-based algorithm. Participation ratios among women of Turkish origin and odds ratios compared to women of non-Turkish origin were calculated. Analyses were stratified and adjusted for age-groups and screening unit. Results A total of 208,500 participants in the five breast screening units were included, out of 423,649 eligible women in the catchment areas (participation 49.2%). Women of Turkish origin have a slightly higher chance to participate in breast cancer screening than women without Turkish origin (OR 1.17; 95% CI: 1.14-1.21). Only women of Turkish origin aged 65–69 years have a lower chance to participate than women without Turkish origin (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.66-0.75). Conclusion In spite of low participation in preventive measures among migrant populations, the overall breast cancer screening participation among women of Turkish origin in Germany seems to be higher compared to women of non-Turkish origin. Turkish women aged 65 years and above have a lower chance of participation than younger Turkish women. There is need for further research to study factors affecting participation in screening among migrant and non-migrant populations in Germany. PMID:24507093

2014-01-01

169

The Status of Turkish Accelerator Center Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Recently, conceptual design of Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. Main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consists of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring and free electron laser from the electron linac are proposed. The project related with this proposal has been accepted by Turkish government. It is planned that the Technical Design Report of TAC will have been written in next three years. In this period, an infrared oscillator free electron laser (IR FEL) will be constructed as a test facility for TAC. 20 and 50 MeV electron energies will be used to obtain infra red free electron laser. The main parameters of the electron linac, the optical cavities and the free electron laser were determined. The possible use of obtained laser beam in basic and applied research areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors and photo chemistry were stated.

Yavas, Oe. [University of Ankara, Fac. of Engineering, Dept. of Engineering Physics, Tandogan 06100, Ankara (Turkey)

2007-04-23

170

An ergonomic garment design for elderly Turkish men.  

PubMed

This paper presents an ergonomic garment design for elderly Turkish men. The purpose of this study was to determine elderly men's demands, needs and problems in regard to clothing and to design an ergonomic garment in the light of this knowledge. The sample consisted of 120 elderly men living in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, and its province. A questionnaire was prepared and given to these people in order to determine their clothing demands and needs. It was established that most of our subjects need functional garments. An ergonomic garment has been designed using the obtained data. It was found that the design of clothing for the elderly requires attention to bodily changes from aging in order to facilitate and raise the quality of life. Specific suggestions are made to elderly people and to the ready-to-wear sector. PMID:15145287

Civitci, S Sule

2004-05-01

171

Gem-quality Turkish purple jade: Geological and mineralogical characteristics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of the western Anatolia (Turkey), an extensive contact metamorphic aureole at the border between the Late Mesozoic coherent metaclastic rocks of blueschist facies and the Early Senozoic intrusive granodiorite stock hosts an interesting and unique gem material with a mineral assemblage consisting mainly of jadeite, quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid, and phlogopite as identified by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and polarized-light microscopy. In addition, chemical analyses performed with X-ray fluorescence and inductive-coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy show that the mass of the metamorphic aureole has a silica-rich, calc-alkaline chemical content. Therefore, some rock building elements (such as Al, Ca, Na, K, P, Sr, and B of which characterize an acidic-neutral rock formation) and trace elements (such as Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ga, La, Ni, Pb, and Zn) are remarkable high ratios. Pale purple-colored gem material of this composition appears to be unique to Turkey, also is only found in one narrow provenance in Turkey. Therefore, it is specially called "Turkish (and/or Anatolian) purple jade" on the worldwide gem market. Even though the mineral jadeite is the principal constituent, 40% by volume as determined with petrographic thin-section examination under a polarized-light microscope, the material cannot be considered pure jadeite. Specific gravity measurements of the jade using a hydrostatic balance confirm that it has a heterogeneous structure. The measured average specific gravity of 3.04, is significantly lower than the normal range for characterized jadeites of 3.24-3.43. Turkish purple jade samples were examined in detail using dispersive confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy (DC?RS) as well as other well-known analytical methods. The resulting strong micro-Raman bands that peaked at 1038, 984, 697, 571, 521, 464, 430, 372, 326, 307, 264, and 201 cm -1 are characteristics of the Turkish purple jade. The first most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 697 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 doubly symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The "M" includes the some cationic substitutions of Si by Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and also K and Na. The second most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 372 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 single symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The third most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 201 cm -1 can be interpreted as translational libration. Finally, the fourth distinctive Raman bands that peaked at 1038 and 984 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?1 doubly symmetric stretching modes of (SiO 4/M) centers. In addition, both sides of these bands were also barricaded with relatively unimportant Raman bands produced by some structural imperfections. The measurements of these all analytical parameters are the most trustworthy method to distinguish the purple jade from the other well-known kinds of natural, synthetic, and/or color-enhanced jades. Finally, these parameters provide positive identification of the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade. The data obtained in this study for dispersive confocal micro-Raman bands, specific gravity values, and trace element contents provide a unique fingerprint for this kind of jadeite-jade gem material.

Hatipo?lu, Murat; Ba?evirgen, Yasemin; Chamberlain, Steven C.

2012-02-01

172

The Status of Turkish Accelerator Center Test Facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, conceptual design of Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. Main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consists of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring and free electron laser from the electron linac are proposed. The project related with this proposal has been accepted by Turkish government. It is planned that the Technical Design Report of TAC will have been written in next three years. In this period, an infrared oscillator free electron laser (IR FEL) will be constructed as a test facility for TAC. 20 and 50 MeV electron energies will be used to obtain infra red free electron laser. The main parameters of the electron linac, the optical cavities and the free electron laser were determined. The possible use of obtained laser beam in basic and applied research areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors and photo chemistry were stated.

Yava?, Ö.

2007-04-01

173

Sources of self-identity among Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

As part of the International Self-Identity Research Project, this study explored sources of identity among Turkish adolescents. The interview sample consisted of three male and three female high school students in Ankara, Turkey. The results indicated that social, familial, personal, physical, and moral-ethical dimensions contributed to adolescents' definitions of self, but to different degrees. Social and familial dimensions were very influential and were used as reference points for defining self in other areas. Physical and personal aspects of identity were also apparent, but were not as salient as social and familial dimensions. Patriotism and religion played a role in moral-ethical identity. Overall, self-identity influenced emotional state, cognitive and behavioral functioning, and social relations to a significant degree. PMID:10658861

Güneri, O Y; Sümer, Z H; Yildirim, A

1999-01-01

174

Epidemiology of Attention Problems Among Turkish Children and Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the epidemiology of attention problems using parent, teacher, and youth informants among a nationally representative Turkish sample. Method The children and adolescents, 4 to 18 years old, were selected from a random household survey. Attention problems derived from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (N = 4,488), Teacher Report Form (TRF) (N = 2,360), and the Youth Self Report (YSR) (N = 2,206) were examined. Results The CBCL and TRF attention problems scores were higher among young male children, whereas the YSR reported scores were higher among older adolescents without a gender effect. The CBCL and YSR scores were also higher by urban residence. Conclusion Compared with other European samples, our national sample had higher mean attention problems scores than the Scandinavian but lower mean scores than the former Soviet Union samples. In addition to elucidating the profile of attention problems in Turkey, our results also contribute to understanding the comparative global epidemiology of attention problems. PMID:18192617

Erol, Nese; Simsek, Zeynep; Oner, Ozgur; Munir, Kerim

2011-01-01

175

Ethnopharmacy of Turkish-speaking Cypriots in Greater London.  

PubMed

For centuries, in the Eastern Mediterranean region, medicinal plant use has been widely accepted as a treatment method for both minor and major diseases. Although some knowledge exists on the use of such medicinal plants within the Greek Cypriot culture and considerable information is available on various regions in Turkey, no detailed ethnopharmaceutical or ethnobotanical studies exist on Turkish-speaking Cypriots (TSC) both in Cyprus and within one of the largest TSC migrant communities in London, UK. Semi-structured interviews with members of the TSC community in London were conducted by using a questionnaire consisting both of open and closed questions. Open questions were aimed at identifying herbs, spices, medicinal plants and their uses. Also, graded questions were used to define informants' opinions as a quantitative parameter, constructing a statistical basis. A wide range of therapeutic claims were recorded, including 13 chronic illnesses within 85 different plant species, of which 18 were cited more than 10 times. The most frequently mentioned species were Mentha spicata, Salvia fruticosa and Pimpinella anisum. The plants recorded are frequently based on knowledge derived from Turkish-Cypriot traditions, but many examples of medicinal plants with a use based on UK or general western herbal medical traditions were also recorded. Informants highlighted the risk of knowledge loss in younger generations and thus this study serves as a repository of knowledge for use in the future. Due to a lack of knowledge about such usages in the healthcare professions, our study also highlights the need to develop information sources for use by healthcare practitioners in order to raise awareness about benefits and risks of such medical and health food products. PMID:19827023

Yöney, Ahmet; Prieto, José M; Lardos, Andreas; Heinrich, Michael

2010-05-01

176

Intercultural Transmission of Collectivism and Achievement Values in Two Acculturation Contexts: The Case of Turkish Families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan Families in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the impact of immigrant parents' goals and acculturation contexts on family value transmission, surveying Turkish parent-child dyads in the Netherlands. Across cultures, parents' collectivism values were transmitted. Parental goals mediated value transmission. Transmission was significant after controlling for gender and education.…

Phalet, Karen; Schonpflug, Ute

2001-01-01

177

A Study on Development of an Instrument to Determine Turkish Kindergarten Students' Understandings of Scientific Concepts and Scientific Inquiry Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a valid and reliable instrument to measure Turkish kindergarten students' understandings of some science concepts and scientific inquiry processes which are grounded in the Turkish Preschool Curriculum. The sample of the study was 371 kindergarten students, 12 Subject Area Experts (SAE), and 7 Turkish…

Senocak, Erdal; Samarapungavan, Ala; Aksoy, Pinar; Tosun, Cemal

2013-01-01

178

The Educational Problems of the Turkish Citizens Living in Switzerland in the Process of Adjustment to Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every society experiences migration and influxes of immigrants. The most common reasons for migration include political and economic obligations as well as wishing access to better educational opportunities. Although the concept of migration is as old as human history, Turkish society encountered the concept after World War II. Two million Turkish…

Ari, Asim

2007-01-01

179

Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

Oztemel, Kemal

2013-01-01

180

The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

Faas, Daniel

2007-01-01

181

Trace metal composition of particulate matter of the Danube River and Turkish rivers draining into the Black Sea  

E-print Network

Trace metal composition of particulate matter of the Danube River and Turkish rivers draining and sediments in the Black Sea. Suspended matter and surface sediment samples were collected from the Danube matter data from Turkish rivers and surface sediment from the Danube River were very similar to each

Murray, James W.

182

Self-Esteem and the Evaluation of Ethnic Identity among Turkish and Dutch Adolescents in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results from a nationwide sample in the Netherlands examining effects of minority status on Turkish adolescents. Finds that Turkish ethnicity did not significantly lower self-esteem. Reveals that (for both groups) body image had the greatest impact on self-esteem. Reports ethnic identity was more salient to Turks' self-concept than to…

Verkuyten, Maykel

1990-01-01

183

The Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale in Turkish Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQoL) in Turkish patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Demographic data of MS patients who had a registration in and followed up by a university hospital were recorded. The LMSQoL and Turkish Quality of Life…

Akbiyik, Derya Iren; Sumbuloglu, Vildan; Guney, Zafer; Armutlu, Kadriye; Korkmaz, Nilufer; Keser, Ilke; Yuksel, Muazzez Merve; Karabudak, Rana

2009-01-01

184

Studies on improvement of the productivity of Turkish Angora goats by crossing with South African Angora goats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The three leading countries in the world in rearing Angora goats are Turkey, the USA and the Republic of South Africa. In order to improve the important yield characteristics of Turkish Angora goats by using North American gene sources, studies have been carried out since 1982. In this study, the effect of South African genotype on Turkish Angora goats was

H Günes; P Horst; M Evrim; A Valle-Zárate

2002-01-01

185

Life Satisfaction among Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands: The Role of Absolute and Relative Income  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we investigate the role of several socio-economic and non-economic factors such as absolute and relative income, education and religion to explain the differences of happiness levels of Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands by using ordered logit model. We focus on members of the Moroccan and Turkish communities, as…

Gokdemir, Ozge; Dumludag, Devrim

2012-01-01

186

Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

2013-01-01

187

Turkish Mothers' Verbal Interaction Practices and Self-Efficacy Beliefs regarding Their Children with Expressive Language Delay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish mothers' verbal interaction practices and their maternal self-efficacy beliefs regarding their children with expressive language delay. Participants included 33 Turkish mothers of children with expressive language delay. Results indicated that mothers in general use child directed talk strategies or…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Diken, Ozlem

2008-01-01

188

Morphological Cues vs. Number of Nominals in Learning Verb Types in Turkish: The Syntactic Bootstrapping Mechanism Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The syntactic bootstrapping mechanism of verb learning was evaluated against child-directed speech in Turkish, a language with rich morphology, nominal ellipsis and free word order. Machine-learning algorithms were run on transcribed caregiver speech directed to two Turkish learners (one hour every two weeks between 0;9 to 1;10) of different…

Ural, A. Engin; Yuret, Deniz; Ketrez, F. Nihan; Kocbas, Dilara; Kuntay, Aylin C.

2009-01-01

189

Reflections on Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot Students' Perceptions of the Cyprus Conflict: Implications for Peace Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study traces Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot students' perceptions of the Cyprus conflict. The data comes from a 1993 Harvard workshop which included 11 Turkish Cypriot and 38 Greek Cypriot students. The workshop was a collaboration of Harvard's Conflict Management Group, AMIDEAST, and US AID. The objective of the workshop was to teach…

Erduran, Sibel

190

Teaching Word Stress to Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) Learners through Internet-Based Video Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to elicit problem causing word stress patterns for Turkish EFL (English as a foreign language) learners and investigate whether Internet-based pronunciation lesson is superior to traditional pronunciation lesson in terms of enhancing Turkish EFL learners' accurate production of stressed syllables in English words. A…

Hismanoglu, Murat

2012-01-01

191

Low enriched uranium foil plate target for the production of fission Molybdenum99 in Pakistan Research Reactor1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low enriched uranium foil (19.99% 235U) will be used as target material for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1). LEU foil plate target proposed by University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) will be irradiated in PARR-1 for the production of 100Ci of Molybdenum-99 at the end of irradiation, which will be sufficient to prepare required 99Mo\\/99mTc

A. Mushtaq; Masood Iqbal; Ishtiaq Hussain Bokhari; Tayyab Mahmood

2009-01-01

192

Phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of Turkish patients with isovaleric acidemia.  

PubMed

We aim to investigate the genetic basis of isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD) gene mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations in Turkish patients. Accordingly, bi-directional sequencing was performed to screen 26 patients with isovaleric acidemia (IVA). Nine novels (c.145delC, c.234 + 3G > C, c.506_507insT, p.Glu85Gln, p.Met147Val, p.Ala268Val, p.Ile287Met, p.Gly346Asp and p.Arg382Trp) and six previously reported (c.456 + 2T > C, p.Arg21His, p.Arg21Pro, p.Arg363Cys, p.Arg363His p.Glu379Lys) pathogenic mutations were identified. Pathogenicity of the novel mutations was supported using computational programs. No clear genotype-phenotype correlation could be determined. One of the cases with the novel c.234 + 3G > C mutation has portoseptal liver fibrosis, the clinical condition that was first reported for IVA. This study is the first comprehensive report from Turkey related to IVA genetics that provides information about the high number of disease-causing novel mutations. PMID:25220015

Ozgul, R?za Koksal; Karaca, Mehmet; Kilic, Mustafa; Kucuk, Ozgul; Yucel-Yilmaz, Didem; Unal, Ozlem; Hismi, Burcu; Aliefendioglu, Didem; Sivri, Serap; Tokatli, Aysegul; Coskun, Turgay; Dursun, Ali

2014-10-01

193

Facial soft tissue thickness database for craniofacial reconstruction in the Turkish adult population.  

PubMed

320 Turkish adults (160 men, 160 women) who had undergone brain CT in the radiology clinic and showed no sign of maxillofacial pathology were analyzed in order to create a facial soft-tissue thickness database of the Turkish adult population. The soft-tissue thicknesses were measured at 31 landmarks, 10 midline and 21 bilateral anatomical landmarks. Average thickness values for each landmark as well as the standard deviation and range classified according to gender and age are reported. The differences of these mean values related to age and sexes were calculated. The values were then statistically compared to the findings of the European and Korean adults. Overall, the soft-tissue thickness measurements obtained in this study can be used as a database for the forensic craniofacial reconstruction of Turkish adult faces. PMID:25023216

Bulut, Ozgur; Sipahioglu, Serdar; Hekimoglu, Baki

2014-09-01

194

Sediment and water discharge rates of Turkish Black Sea rivers before and after hydropower dam construction  

SciTech Connect

Presently, the water discharge rate to the Black Sea by Turkish rivers is approximately 41 km[sup 3]/yr. The sediment discharge rate of Turkish rivers to the Black Sea is 28 x 10[sup 6] t/yr. Before construction of the hydroelectric dams, the sediment discharge rate was approximately 70 x 10[sup 6] t/yr. The sharp reduction in sediment load is largely a result of the dams near the mouths of the Yesil Irmak and Kizil Irmak rivers. Before the construction of dams, Turkish rivers contributed approximately one third of the total amount of sediment received by the Black Sea from all surrounding rivers. The life-span of the major reservoirs varies from approximately only one century (Yesil Irmak river reservoirs) to several thousand years (Sakarya river reservoirs). Life-span for the large Altinkaya Dam reservoir is estimated with approximately 500 yr.

Hay, B.J. (Louis Berger Associates, Inc., Needham, MA (United States))

1994-06-01

195

Chronic procrastination among Turkish adults: exploring decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles.  

PubMed

The authors examined the prevalence of chronic procrastination (decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles) as functions of demographic variables among 354 Turkish adults (148 men, 206 women; M age = 38.7 years, SD = 8.26 years). Prevalence analyses showed that among Turkish participants, 17.5% were indecisive procrastinators, 13.8% were avoidant procrastinators, and 14.7% were arousal procrastinators. Results did not yield significant differences for gender or age on any forms of procrastination, which is consistent with other international samples. However, significant differences emerged depending on the number of children such that Turkish adults who had more than 3 children claimed to be more indecisive than they claimed to be arousal or avoidant procrastinators. Respondents with less than a graduate degree reported higher rates of indecision than did respondents with at least a graduate degree. PMID:19537606

Ferrari, Joseph R; Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan

2009-06-01

196

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome: infrequent bleeding and first report of Turkish and Pakistani kindreds  

PubMed Central

Hermansky–Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare disorder characterised by oculocutaneous albinism, a bleeding tendency, and lipofuscinosis. This retrospective study reviews the clinical history and haematological features of 23 cases of HPS. Information was gathered from patient notes and by direct interview. Thirteen of the 23 children were of Turkish origin, 12 being members of four kindreds from the Turkish/Kurdish border. Four children originated from Pakistan. Haemorrhage was uncommon; two experienced significant bleeding (intracranial and retinal haemorrhage in one and menorrhagia in another), and twelve minor symptoms. Results of laboratory evaluation of platelet function were not predictive of bleeding; in particular the PFA-100 analyser was not sensitive to the HPS defect. The most sensitive test of platelet fuction was quantitation of platelet nucleotides. The occurrence of Turkish and Pakistani kindreds with HPS is novel and follow up for long term complications described in Puerto Rican patients as well as genetic analysis is ongoing. PMID:11919112

Harrison, C; Khair, K; Baxter, B; Russell-Eggitt, I; Hann, I; Liesner, R

2002-01-01

197

Analysis of Turkish groundwater legislation and policy regarding international principles and conventions.  

PubMed

Water resources have shaped the destinies of societies and affected settlement choice of civilizations for centuries. Demand for them is constantly increasing and this surge has become an important threat for water resources due to those excessive demands and variety of usage types; at the same time, balancing the protection and use of ground and surface waters has become more difficult. The progress in legal and corporate structures for water management has been too slow for a long time. In this study, principles of international conventions on groundwater are compared with the relevant Turkish groundwater legislation, which is in the process of harmonization with European Union (EU) acquis under the scope of Turkey's nomination for EU membership. The purpose of this study is to measure the compliance of Turkish legislation on groundwater with the relevant international principles and conventions, and also to analyze legal loopholes in Turkish legislation in accordance with the international principles and conventions to be determined. PMID:24845334

Elvan, Osman Devrim; Turker, Y Ozhan

2014-01-01

198

More insight into the chemical composition of Greek propolis; differences and similarities with Turkish propolis.  

PubMed

We aimed to determine the differences and similarities between Greek and Turkish propolis with respect to their chemical composition given that the two countries have many similarities in floral biodiversity. We observed that: a) Greek propolis is different from the European-type propolis, having a high terpene content; therefore we can definitely characterize it as a Mediterranean type; b) the Turkish propolis collected along the coast line of the Aegean Sea is similiar to the examined Greek propolis; c) the remaining Turkish samples, originating from the European part of Turkey, were found to be similiar to the European-type propolis, having a high flavonoid content. Finally, especially two compounds, beta-elemene and totarol, were found in Greek samples in quite high amounts that are thought to have important biological properties. PMID:24601080

Celemli, Omür G; Hatjina, Fani; Charistos, Leonidas; Schiesser, Aygün; Ozkirim, Asli

2013-01-01

199

Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism.  

PubMed

In this study, the reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism were assessed. The psychometric properties of the scale were studied through a descriptive and correlational design. The study sample consisted of 231 healthy people living in the Marmara region of Turkey. In order to obtain three sets of data, a questionnaire was designed containing demographic questions and the Scale. The content validity index for the full scale was 0.98. The ? coefficient for 25 items was 0.84, and the split-half reliability of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism was 0.81. The three factors represented 38.31% of the variance. In this study, we concluded that the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism is a suitable instrument for measuring ageism in the Turkish population. PMID:23186521

Kutlu, Yasemin; Kucuk, Leyla; Yildiz Findik, Ummu

2012-12-01

200

[An article on the Turkish history of medicine by the central Asian writers].  

PubMed

The researchers studying Seljuq, Begliq and Ottoman periods of Turkish history extending into Central Asia had many difficulties in reaching archival sources until the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Following the end of the Iron Curtain period, formal and cultural relations between Turkic republics of the region with Turkey enabled researchers to establish sincere and close professional and individual relations, too. In this essay A.H. Bayat presents heartily his translation of an Uzbek text on Central Asian Turkish medicine written by H. Hikmetullaev and N. Cabbarow. PMID:11625067

Bayat, A H

1995-01-01

201

Ethnic differences in dentofacial relationships of Turkish and Saudi young adults with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aims of the present study were (1) to determine ethnic differences in craniofacial dimensions between Turkish and Saudi populations and (2) to identify possible gender differences between males and females, based on a sample of untreated young adult subjects with normal occlusions and well-balanced faces. Methods In total, 163 cephalometric radiographs were traced and evaluated to compare untreated adults of Turkish and Saudi ethnicity. The Turkish group comprised 86 subjects; 45 females and 41 males. The Saudi group comprised 77 subjects; 39 females and 38 males. For statistical evaluation, an independent-samples t-test was performed. Results The Turkish sample had a more retrognathic maxilla and mandible (p < 0.001 for SNA and SNB) and a more vertical direction of facial development (p < 0.001), with Turkish males having more retrusive lips (p < 0.001). Distinctive ethnic differences were found in craniofacial structures between Turkish and Saudi young adults. Conclusions It is appropriate to consider these aesthetic differences when a Turkish or a Saudi patient is being evaluated during routine diagnosis and treatment planning. PMID:23960514

Uysal, Tancan; Yagci, Ahmet; Aldrees, Abdullah M.; Ekizer, Esra

2011-01-01

202

Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms among Turkish Immigrants in Germany  

PubMed Central

The present study explores the impact of acculturation on depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany, taking into account different dimensions of cultural orientation. A total of 471 patients from two selected samples (254 primary care patients and 217 outpatients of a psychosomatic department) participated. Levels of acculturation were measured as orientation towards culture of origin (CO), and orientation towards the host culture (HC). Acculturation strategies (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) were also assessed as well as their association with depressive symptoms (BDI). Furthermore, gender- and migration-related differences in terms of acculturation and levels of depressive symptomatology were analyzed. Integration was the acculturation strategy associated with the lowest level of depressive symptoms (M = 14.6, SD = 11.9), while marginalization was associated with the highest (M = 23.5, SD = 14.7). Gender was not found to have a significant impact on acculturation but influenced depressive symptoms, with women (M = 21.8, SD = 13.3) reporting higher levels of depressive symptomatology than men (M = 15.1, SD = 14.0; p < 0.001). In first generation immigrants, significantly higher CO (M = 46.6, SD = 8.3; p < 0.001), lower HC (M = 31.0, SD = 9.6; p < 0.001), and higher levels of depressive symptoms (M = 20.2, SD = 14.1; p < 0.001) were found in comparison to second generation immigrants (CO: M = 41.3, SD = 7.4; HC: M = 36.2, SD = 8.8; depressive symptoms: M = 14.0, SD = 12.9). Our results suggest that orientation towards both the heritage and the host culture has a positive effect on the mental health status of immigrants. Future research needs to include representative samples of migrants from different cultures to further explore the association between acculturation and mental health. PMID:25222474

Morawa, Eva; Erim, Yesim

2014-01-01

203

Serum Leptin Concentrations in Turkish Parkinson's Disease Population  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To investigate leptin levels and their relationship to body composition and demographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients and Methods. Forty eligible PD patients and 25 healthy controls were included in the study. Body composition measurements (height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI)) of the whole sample and clinical findings of PD patients were evaluated in the on-state. A single 5?mL fasting blood sample was obtained from each participant in the morning. Severity of PD was evaluated using the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. Results. The mean age of the patients and controls was 60.8 ± 9.4 and 61.8 ± 5.8 years, while the mean BMI was 30.17 ± 5.10 and 28.03 ± 3.23 and the mean leptin levels were 6.8 ± 6.9 and 3.9 ± 3.8?ng/mL, respectively. Only age and gender were correlated with leptin levels. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in leptin levels between male (3.6 ± 3.1?ng/mL) and female (14.3 ± 7.7?ng/mL) PD patients. Among the male PD patients, older age and higher BMI and WC values were associated with higher mean leptin levels. There was not any significant relationship between leptin levels and clinical findings in PD patients. Conclusion. These results may suggest that leptin levels have no determinative role in the follow-up of PD patients with regard to the severity and clinical prognosis of PD. PMID:24868483

Ozdilek, Betul

2014-01-01

204

Cellular profile of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in Turkish miners  

PubMed Central

Pneumoconiosis is still a health problem in Turkey and has a relatively high incidence. Retired underground miners were investigated to document alveolitis, and to observe the difference in the cellular profiles of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid with or without pneumoconiosis. Twenty nine retired male miners and 17 controls, eight non-smokers (four male, four female) and nine smokers (six male, three female), without any dust exposure were evaluated. According to the International Labor Office 1980 classification system, the miners were allocated to three subgroups: eight without pneumoconiosis, 11 with simple pneumoconiosis, and 10 with progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). Spirometric tests and arterial blood gases analysis were done and fibreoptic bronchoscopy and BAL were performed in all subjects. The study and the control subjects were comparable in respect to age, smoking habits, except the non-smoker controls, and the duration of dust exposure, except the controls. The amount of recovered BAL fluid was lower in all miners compared with the non-smoker controls (p<0.05). The amount of recovered BAL fluid and the total cell count correlated significantly (r = 0.48, p<0.01). The percentage of lymphocytes in the BAL fluid of miners without pneumoconiosis and with PMF (p<0.05) and that of simple pneumoconiosis (p<0.01) was significantly lower compared with the non-smoker controls. Alveolitis was not a representative feature of Turkish subjects with an occupational history of underground mining, and BAL fluid cellular profile did not seem to be different in miners with or without pneumoconiosis. PMID:13679550

Kayacan, O; Beder, S; Karnak, D

2003-01-01

205

Terrestrial Gravity Measurements towards Turkish Height System Modernization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the key components of the Turkish height system modernization project is the determination of high resolution regional gravity field from terrestrial and satellite measurements. Terrestrial gravity data in Turkey have been collected by different organizations over many decades. Although the density of these data is sufficient in most part of the country, the poor quality mainly due to the inconsistent coordinate and gravity reference frames prevented us to compute a gravimetric geoid model of a few cm accuracy. Therefore, we are now working on the elimination of discrepancies between these historical datasets, developing a national gravity database and preparing guidelines for measuring, reducing, processing and exchanging terrestrial gravity data. In the meantime, new field campaigns were started in 2011 to extend the national gravity standardization network and to increase the amount of control points to be used for the quality check of the historical data. This study describes the (i) recent relative gravity and vertical gravity gradient measurements, (ii) numerical investigations on the standard reductions due to Earth tides, polar motion, instrumental height and air pressure variations, (iii) applied adjustment models and adjustment results. Preliminary results show that differences between using Longman formula adopted in Scintrex CG3 and CG5 instruments and the specific tide catalogues (e.g. Cartwright-Tayler, Tamura) with approximate amplitude and phase-difference values for the main tide wave groups never exceed 5 ?Gal. Maximum reduction for the pole motion is about 2 ?Gal. The variations in atmospheric pressure lead to a maximum reduction of about 5 ?Gal. Vertical gravity gradient values determined at 98 sites are in the range of -0.2078 to -0.4357 mgal/m with a mean of -0.2995 mgal/m that is about 9 ?Gal/m different from the theoretical value.

Simav, Mehmet; Y?ld?z, Hasan; Direnç, Ahmet; Türkezer, Ali

2013-04-01

206

Rumen ciliated protozoa of the Turkish domestic goats (Capra hir cus L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rumen contents obtained from eight adult domesticated goats ( Capra hircus L.) at slaughterhouses in the southeastern area of Turkey were surveyed for ciliate protozoa. As a result of our survey, 12 genera including 39 species were identified. Fifteen of the species were further divided into 35 formae. The average ciliate density in the rumen contents of Turkish goats (33.21x10

BAYRAM GÖÇMEN; SAMIYE RASTGELDI; ADEM KARAO LU; HAKAN A KAN

207

Exploring the Concept of Respect among Turkish and Puerto Rican Migrant Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural patterning of respect is examined in two first- and second-generation migrant groups: Puerto Rican mothers in Connecticut and Turkish mothers in Bochum, Germany. Cultural and generational influences were found for three aspects of respect: proper interpersonal behavior, relations within the family, and esteem within the community.…

Harwood, Robin L.; Yalcinkaya, Alev; Citlak, Banu; Leyendecker, Birgit

2006-01-01

208

Turkish dilemma after Operation Desert Storm (1990–1991): an analysis of “negative consequences”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the internal criticism of the political and economic consequences of Turkish support for the UN international coalition against Iraq's occupation of Kuwait in 1990. Was this criticism warranted and justifiable or not? To answer the research question, certain issues like the Kurdish problem, relations with other countries in the region, and economic issues will be examined in

Haldun Çanc?; ?evket Serkan ?en

2010-01-01

209

Anaerobic Fecal Flora in Healthy Breast-Fed Turkish Babies Born by Different Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to determine the anaerobic fecal flora of 40 newborn, full-term healthy Turkish babies during 1 month and to find the difference of the flora depending on the manner of birth. Fecal samples of 15 newborn girls and 25 newborn boys whose mothers had no risk factors like infections and early membrane ruptures were studied.

Müzeyyen Mamal Torun; Hrisi Bahar; Emel Gür; Yücel Ta?tan; Müjgan Alika?ifo?lu; Ahmet Arvas

2002-01-01

210

‘I feel myself to be a world citizen’: negotiating Turkish and Alevi identity in Melbourne  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complexity and heterogeneity of modern multicultural societies can both highlight and obscure the diversity which exists within identity groups. Whilst the majority of the Turkish community in Melbourne are Sunni Muslim, significant groups of ethnically, religiously and linguistically different communities also exist. Recent research with women who participate in activities at the Alevi community centre in Melbourne has brought

Liza Hopkins

2011-01-01

211

Identity Practices, Ingroup Projection, and the Evaluation of Subgroups: A Study Among Turkish-Dutch Sunnis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focuses on religious subgroup evaluations by examining the attitude of Turkish-Dutch Sunni Muslims towards Alevi and Shiite Muslims. Following the Ingroup Projection Model it was expected that Sunni participants who practice Islam will project their self-defining subgroup practices on the superordinate Muslim category, which will be related to more ingroup bias towards Alevis, a Muslim subgroup that performs

Jessamina Lih Yan Lie; Maykel Verkuyten

2012-01-01

212

The Meaning of Fatherhood as Perceived by Turkish Police Fathers and Their Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to provide insight and understanding of Turkish police fathers' and their young children's conceptualizations of fatherhood. Data for the present study came from 21 police fathers and their 4-to-6 year old children. We asked the participant fathers to respond to a broad question of "What kind of father…

Ozgun, Ozkan; Ciftci, Munire Aydilek; Erden, Sule

2013-01-01

213

Lexical richness in maternal input and vocabulary development of Turkish preschoolers in the Netherlands.  

PubMed

The present study examined lexical richness in maternal input to Turkish preschool children in the Netherlands and the relationship with their vocabulary. Fifteen Turkish mother-child dyads were videotaped at the age of 3 and 4 in three settings: book reading, picture description and block building. Children's vocabulary in Turkish was measured at the age of 3 and 4 and in Dutch at the age of 5;10. The lexical richness of the input was analysed both quantitatively (tokens) and qualitatively on diversity, density, and sophistication. The results indicate that lexical richness varied largely among mothers, which could partially be attributed to their SES levels and literacy practices. Furthermore, lexical richness differed between the settings, with the highest richness in the book setting. More importantly, lexical richness in maternal input related to the vocabulary of children in L1 (Turkish) and in the longer run also to L2 (Dutch). Quality of the input (diversity, density and sophistication) turned out to be more influential than quantity. PMID:23504557

Demir-Vegter, Serpil; Aarts, Rian; Kurvers, Jeanne

2014-04-01

214

The Characteristics of Separation-Individuation in Turkish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish high school students and to investigate the contribution of sociodemographic variables on this second individuation process of adolescence. The sample consisted of 618 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 in three urban and two rural high…

Tamar, Muge; Bildik, Tezan; Kosem, Figen Sen; Kesikci, Hande; Tatar, Arkun; Yaman, Bora; Erermis, Serpil; Ozbaran, Burcu

2006-01-01

215

Turkish University Students' Technology Use Profiles and Their Thoughts about Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students,…

Baran, Bahar; Kilic, Eylem; Bakar Corez, Aysegul; Cagiltay, Kursat

2010-01-01

216

Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

Celik, Serkan

2013-01-01

217

Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

Cuhadar, Cem

2012-01-01

218

In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through evaluation of the data accumulated in Data Bank of Turkish Folk Remedies (TÜH?B), five plant remedies, which are used to treat stomach ache were selected to test for their anti-ulcerogenic potency. In order to confirm the claimed activities, either decoction or methanol extracts were prepared from the roots of Asphodelus aestivus and Cichorium intybus, herbs of Equisetum palustre and

?lhan Gürbüz; Osman Üstün; Erdem Ye?ilada; Ekrem Sezik; Nalan Akyürek

2002-01-01

219

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

220

ATTITUDES OF TURKISH DISTANCE LEARNERS TOWARD INTERNET-BASED LEARNING: An Investigation Depending on Demographical Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop an attitude scale toward Internet-based learning (IBL) and to investigate whether attitude levels of Turkish distance learners in an IBL environment differ according to their demographical characteristics (i.e. age, gender, marital status, parental status, employment status, grade point average (GPA). Research data were gathered from 804 (491 male and 313 female) learners

Erkan TEKINARSLAN

221

Gender interaction pattern on private television channels' Turkish & Pakistani dramas and viewers perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drama is a more effective source of informing, educating, guiding & entertaining people. The current study was conducted to measure watching habits of female viewers of Sargodha city and aim of this study was also explored female viewers' perception regarding Turkish and Pakistani dramas of private television channels. Having in mind the importance and requirement of this present study survey

Abdul Rehman Madni; Shajee Hassan; Faisal Aziz; Salman Amin

2014-01-01

222

LAY THEORIES OF CAUSES OF AND CURES FOR DEPRESSION IN A TURKISH UNIVERSITY SAMPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study on university students' attributions for the causes of and cures for depression conducted in a Turkish sample. Results revealed six components for causes, which were trauma, job-related problems, loss, disposition, intimacy, and isolation. Seven compo- nents were found for cures, which were hobby, sensation seeking, avoidance, professional help, religious practices, esteem, and spiritual activities. Men

Okan Cem Çirako?lu; Do?an Kökdemir; Kür?ad Demirutku

2003-01-01

223

Turkish Children's Conversational Oppositions: Usage of Two Discourse Markers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how Turkish-speaking preschoolers displayed oppositions in their peer interactions through two adversative discourse markers, "ya" and "ki". These two markers differ in their syntactic mobility. The data came from seminaturalistic peer interactions of 78 preschoolers. The discursive properties of…

Köymen, Bahar; Küntay, Aylin C.

2013-01-01

224

How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

Sengoren, S. K.

2010-01-01

225

Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

2007-01-01

226

The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

2007-01-01

227

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage and Achievement of Turkish Students in Pisa 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the ICT usage and academic achievement of Turkish students in PISA 2006 data. The sample of the study included 4942 students from 160 schools. Frequencies, independent samples t-tests, ANOVAs, pearson correlation coefficients, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used. A high percentage…

Aypay, Ahmet

2010-01-01

228

Self-Esteem among Dutch and Turkish Children in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study that explored the effect of ethnic minority status on global self-esteem. Examined the effects of ethnic and sex differences on global self-esteem and on six specific components of self-esteem among a sample of Dutch and Turkish minority children in the Netherlands. Results showed no overall difference in self-esteem between the…

Verkuyten, Maykel

1989-01-01

229

Poststroke Shoulder Pain in Turkish Stroke Patients: Relationship with Clinical Factors and Functional Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to assess the possible causes of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) in Turkish patients with stroke, to identify the correlation between HSP and clinical factors, and to review the effects of HSP on functional outcomes. A total of 187 consecutive patients with stroke were evaluated for the presence of HSP and for the…

Barlak, Aysegul; Unsal, Sibel; Kaya, Kurtulus; Sahin-Onat, Sule; Ozel, Sumru

2009-01-01

230

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

231

Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti- Helicobacter pylori activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs

Erdem Ye?ilada; ?lhan Gürbüz; Hirofumi Shibata

1999-01-01

232

Non-Linguistic Challenges for Turkish Students in American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students who mainstream into American colleges and universities face complex and varied linguistic, cultural and sociolinguistic challenges. Although the number of Turkish students enrolling in American institutions continues to increase, little research has focused on their academic experience from the perspective of the cultural…

Gertzog, Rachel

2011-01-01

233

RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Validity and reliability of Turkish version of  

E-print Network

Background: The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) is used to assess safety culture in many countries. Accordingly, the questionnaire has been translated into Turkish for the study of patient safety culture in Turkish hospitals. The aim of this study is threefold: to determine the validity and reliability of the translated form of HSOPS, to evaluate physicians ’ and nurses ’ perceptions of patient safety in Turkish public hospitals, and to compare finding with U.S. hospital settings. Methods: Physicians and nurses working in all public hospitals in Konya, a large city in Turkey, were asked to complete a self-administrated patient safety culture survey (n = 309). Data collection was carried out using the Turkish version of HSOPS, developed by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Data were summarized as percentages, means, and SD values. Factor analysis, correlation coefficient, Cronbach’s alpha, ANOVA, and t tests were employed in statistical analyses. Items on patient safety were categorized into 10 factors. Factor loadings and internal consistencies of dimension items were high. Results: Most of the scores related to dimensions, and the overall patient safety score (44%) were lower than the benchmark score. “Teamwork within hospital units ” received the highest score (70%), and the lowest score belonged to the “frequency of events reported ” (15%). The study revealed that more than three quarters of the

unknown authors

234

Reliability and Construct Validity of Turkish Version of Physical Education Activities Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to examine the reliability and construct validity of Turkish version of physical education activities scale (PEAS) which was developed by Thomason (2008). Participants in this study included 313 secondary and high school students from 7th to 11th grades. To analyse the data, confirmatory factor analysis, post hoc…

Memis, Ugur Altay

2013-01-01

235

Secular and Religious Nationalism among Young Turkish Women in Belgium: Education May Make the Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of education in influencing Turkish immigrant girls' choice between a more secular and a more religious nationalism, linking their choices to strong forms of nationalism within their native country and to the reality of the immigrant context. Education plays a decisive role for immigrant girls in defining their places within a…

Timmerman, Christiane

2000-01-01

236

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PATTERNS OF TURKISH ADOLESCENTS: INFLUENCE OF SOME SOCIAL FACTORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: this study examined the associations between physical activity and some social factors in a sample of Turkish adolescents. Methods: 883 middle and high school students provided information on physical activity, socioeconomic status, living conditions, school performance, family status, family's attitude about exercise, and playmates. Scales measuring self-esteem, problem solving, and self-care levels were used for each student. Results: 531

Zekeriya Akturk; Nezih Dagdeviren; Cahit Özer; Alican Dalkilic

2004-01-01

237

The Effect of Reading Strategies on Reading Comprehension in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine which reading strategies students use while learning Turkish as a foreign language and investigate the effects of these strategies on reading comprehension skill. Conducted in compliance with "pretest-posttest control group model" as the experimental design, this research involved totally 36…

Bolukbas, Fatma

2013-01-01

238

Emotion Regulation and Problem Behaviours in Turkish Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the group differences of 49 boys and girls from two different groups of Turkish children with and without attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) in the following two variables: emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy. In order to measure emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy, children completed the…

Ozdemir, Selda

2011-01-01

239

From Opfer to Gangsta: The Evolving Linguistic Representations of Turkish-Germans in the Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the media's portrayal of the linguistic situation of the predominantly Turkish migrant communities in Germany by analyzing data gathered from films, television clips, interviews, radio clips and the Internet, paying specific attention to the vowel systems of each speaker. I observe that the most salient aspect in…

Byrd, Brenna Reinhart

2010-01-01

240

Life Satisfaction Depending on Socio-Economic Status and Gender among Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was carried out using the survey method in an attempt to find out the relationship between the life satisfaction and socio-economic status (SES) of adolescents. The research was conducted among 275 young Turkish people chosen by the random sampling method. The research findings determined that there was a significant difference…

Eroglu, Susran Erkan; Bozgeyikli, Hasan; Calisir, Vahit

2009-01-01

241

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

242

Predictors of Suicidal Behavior in a Sample of Turkish Suicide Attempters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a Turkish sample, 100 suicide attempters, were compared with 60 healthy controls on measures of hopelessness, depression, and suicidal ideation. Suicide attempters were more depressive, more hopeless, and displayed greater suicidal ideation than healthy controls. Depression severity rather than hopelessness correlated with suicidal intent.…

Sayar, Kemal; Kose, Samet; Acar, Burcin; Ak, Ismail; Reeves, Robert A.

2004-01-01

243

Production Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity Growth in Turkish State Agricultural Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the productivity performance of Turkish State Agricultural Enterprises using Data Envelopment Analysis approach. Regarding this, the paper mainly focuses on production efficiency or technical efficiency and total factor productivity growth of the enterprises over the 1999-2003 period. In the second stage of the study, we use a regression analysis to estimate the affects of potential factors influencing

Ertugrul Deliktas; Mehmet Candemir

2007-01-01

244

Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2014-01-01

245

Opinions of Students at Turkish and German Universities on Turkey in the EU Accession Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's candidacy for accession to the European Union (EU) dates back to many years and is still a current and highly disputed issue. This study was conducted to determine the opinions of students at Turkish and German universities on Turkey in relation to the European Union. Two hundred twenty six German students participated in the study from…

Celebi, Nurhayat

2009-01-01

246

Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

Karabacak, Erkan

2009-01-01

247

[Domestic violence, parenting styles and well-being of German and Turkish juveniles].  

PubMed

This intercultural comparative study tries to identify the influences of domestic violence and parenting styles on juvenile violence and the well-being of juveniles. To this end, 304 German and 214 Turkish pupils in Berlin at the age of 13 to 16 completed a standardised questionnaire in their schools. The results show that Turkish juveniles report more harsh parenting styles than their German age-mates, but by controlling statistically the educational background of the parents, these differences disappear. Nevertheless, as a stable finding, we can hold that Turkish parents demand from their children a more cultural appropriate and disciplined behaviour. Furthermore, regarding the rates of juvenile violence, the main differences are seen in violence-legitimating attitudes and witnessing parental violence in the Turkish group. Lastly, in the relations between parenting styles and violence, there seems to be no culturally different patterns, but more differences in the intensity of disadvantaging consequences of punishing and harsh parenting on the well-being of juveniles. PMID:19485096

Uslucan, Haci-Halil

2009-01-01

248

THE DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION IN THE TURKISH MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource Practice is a relatively new concept in Turkey. This paper documents the results of our empirical study on the determinants of human resource practices of 217 companies in the Turkish manufacturing industry. Therefore, this study aims at contributing to theory building by examining the determinants of human resource activities of recruiting and selection, training and development, compensation and

Harun ÖZTÜRKLER

249

The Determinants Of Human Resource Practices: An Empirical Investigation In The Turkish Manufacturing Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource Practice is a relatively new concept in Turkey. This paper documents the results of our empirical study on the determinants of human resource practices of 217 companies in the Turkish manufacturing industry. Therefore, this study aims at contributing to theory building by examining the determinants of human resource activities of recruiting and selection, training and development, compensation and

Hatice Ozutku; Harun Ozturkler

2009-01-01

250

An Analysis of English Language Teaching Coursebooks by Turkish Writers: "Let's Speak English 7" Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students' and teachers' on "Let's Speak English 7" were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing…

Tekir, Serpil; Arikan, Arda

2007-01-01

251

Application of microbial enhanced oil recovery technique to a Turkish heavy oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microbial enhance oil recovery utilizes microorganisms and their metabolic products to improve the recovery of crude oil from reservoir rocks. In this study an anaerobic bacterium, Clostridium acetobutylicum was injected into a one-dimensional model reservoir containing a Turkish heavy oil (Raman oil) at 38° C. This injection was followed by water flooding after a suitable shut-in period. Comparison of oil

Kemal Behlulgil; Tanju Mehmetoglu; Sedat Donmez

1992-01-01

252

Comparing the educational leadership roles of Albanian and Turkish higher education institutions administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to examine the differences between Turkish and Albanian universities‘administrators in terms of their instructional leadership roles. The study is carried out in universities in Turkey and Albania. Some 613 questionnaires completed by lecturers are statistically evaluated. Questionnaires consisting of 67 questions are used to collect the information used in the research. Questions seeking personal

Kseanela Sotirofski

2011-01-01

253

Emotional Intelligence and Teacher Efficacy: A Study of Turkish EFL Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy's Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On's Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL…

Kocoglu, Zeynep

2011-01-01

254

Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

Kotaman, Huseyin

2014-01-01

255

Turkish Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers' perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's…

Dedeoglu, Hakan; Ulusoy, Mustafa; Lamme, Linda L.

2012-01-01

256

Fear of the unknown: a pre-departure qualitative study of Turkish international students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from 11 in-depth interviews with Turkish undergraduate students, who were, by the time of data collection, about to spend a semester at a European university under the Erasmus exchange scheme. The students all agreed to be interviewed about their feelings about studying in a foreign culture, and were found to be anxious prior to departure about

Lorraine Brown; Gurhan Aktas

2011-01-01

257

The Poetry of Turkish Village Institute-Educated Poets: Social Commentary on a Developing Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to reach a close understanding of villagers' experience of change in the changing context of the Turkish Republic. The poetry books of two renowned literary figures Mehmet Basaran and Talip Apaydin were studied to investigate villagers' reactions and responses to various national changes. The literary work of these…

Zabitgil, Ozlem

2010-01-01

258

A MT System from Turkmen to Turkish Employing Finite State and Statistical Methods  

E-print Network

of direct translation method. However, the complex inflectional and derivational morphology of the Turkic that this approach is valid for most of the Turkic languages and the architecture implemented using FSTs can. In this paper, we present a MT system from Turkmen language to Turkish. Both SL and TL are cognate Turkic

Yanikoglu, Berrin

259

A Closer Look at Being a Woman in Turkish Academia: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, women's professional lives with a focus on what it means to be a woman in Turkish academia and on whether being a woman differs from being a man in an academic context was put under scrutiny. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among 41 women academics currently working at the Faculties of Education in…

Birlik, Nurten; Arikan, Arda

2009-01-01

260

Olympism in Practice: Psychosocial Impacts of an Educational Sport Initiative on Greek and Turkish Cypriot Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated the impacts of a program that employed a blend of sports and cultural enrichment, known as Olympism, to build bridges between Greek and Turkish Cypriot children residing on the island of Cyprus. The four-month long program included two months of instructor training, meetings with the parents and a six-day summer camp…

Lyras, Alexis

2012-01-01

261

Turkish high school students' biology achievement in relation to academic self-regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991) and a Biology Achievement Test developed by the researchers. Results

Necmettin Yumusak; Semra Sungur; Jale Cakiroglu

2007-01-01

262

Psychological consequences of cyber bullying experiences among Turkish secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to examine the relations of cyber bullying experiences of Turkish secondary school children (as a victim and bully) to demographic variables (age and gender) and depressive symptoms. The participants were 165 secondary school students (94 females and 71 males) whose ages ranged from 10 to 14. According to the results, there is a significant interaction effect between

Özgür Erdur Baker; ?brahim Tanr?kulu

2010-01-01

263

Multiple criteria evaluation of current energy resources for Turkish manufacturing industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is the main component of natural resources of developing, as well as developed, countries like Turkey. Because of economic and social developments, the demand for energy, in general, has increased considerably in Turkey. Since Turkey is not an oil or natural gas (NG) producing country, the energy resource usage for energy consumption should be effective. The Turkish industrial sector

Semih Önüt; Umut R?fat Tuzkaya; Narthan Saadet

2008-01-01

264

Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate that…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

2010-01-01

265

Suicidality, Problem-Solving Skills, Attachment Style, and Hopelessness in Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among 180 Turkish university students, the probability of suicide was strongly predicted by both hopelessness and deficiencies in problem solving. In addition, for women, unhealthy attachment styles (preoccupied and dismissing) also predicted suicidality. The clinical implications of these findings are that psychotherapists should focus on helping…

Zeyrek, Emek Yuce; Gencoz, Faruk; Bergman, Yoav; Lester, David

2009-01-01

266

Gestures in Prelinguistic Turkish Children with Autism, Down Syndrome, and Typically Developing Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine gesture use in Turkish children with autism, Down syndrome, and typically developing children. Participants included 30 children in three groups: Ten children with Down syndrome, ten children with autism between 24-60 months of age, and ten typically developing children between 12-18 months of age.…

Toret, Gokhan; Acarlar, Funda

2011-01-01

267

Turkish Mothers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Styles of Interactions with Their Children with Language Delays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish mothers' self-efficacy beliefs and their interactional behaviors with their children with language delays are described and explored. Participants included 19 mother-child dyads. Mothers' interaction with their children with language delays was videotaped for 30 minutes in a free-play context. Regarding mothers' interactional behaviors,…

Diken, Ibrahim H.

2009-01-01

268

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

269

Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

2013-01-01

270

Preschool Children's Turkish Language Skills Related to Various Variables (Sample of Denizli)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to study 5-6 years old preschool children's Turkish language skills related to various variables (socioeconomic status, profession of fathers, working of mothers, education levels of parents, numbers of siblings, age of children and gender of children) in Denizli. The sample of the research consisted of 223 (114…

Onder, Alev; Gulay, Hulya

2010-01-01

271

Perceived health status in a Turkish adolescent sample: risk and protective factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to investigate health status of Turkish adolescents and to determine the factors affecting their self perceptions of health. The subjects of the study were 4,153 grade 9–11 students from 26 randomly selected high schools in Istanbul. In total, 78% ( n=3231) and 62% ( n=2537) of the students reported that they were feeling healthy

Ethem Erginoz; Mujgan Alikasifoglu; Oya Ercan; Omer Uysal; Gokmen Ercan; Deniz Albayrak Kaymak; Ozdemir Ilter

2004-01-01

272

Globalization and Its Challenges for Developing Countries: The Case of Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each…

Akar, Hanife

2010-01-01

273

Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

Yaman, Havva

2010-01-01

274

Religiosity and the construction of death in Turkish death announcements, 1970-2009.  

PubMed

Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and cultural distinction. Death announcements in Turkey occupy a liminal position between obituaries and death notices: Unlike obituaries, no editorial decisions are involved in their publications. However, unlike death notices, Turkish announcements are venues for expressions of culturally scripted individual decisions. These large and decentralized collections of private decisions display rigid genre characteristics involving formulaic phrases but also change over time to reflect social, cultural, and economic changes in Turkish society. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2,812) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2009. Results show that death announcements in Turkey increasingly rely on an emotional tone of loss and bereavement that replace constructions of death in a more detached and distant language and that religious and secular preferences in the language of announcements are an important domain in which cultural battles are fought and the participation patterns of new middle classes are negotiated. PMID:24567982

Ergin, Murat

2012-03-01

275

Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970–2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and cultural distinction. Death announcements in Turkey occupy a liminal position between

Murat Ergin

2012-01-01

276

Views of Students about Visuals Used in Turkish Language Course and Workbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish course books and workbooks delivered to the second grade primary students are the most important course materials. The visual factors in these materials help the students know and understand the elements such as main theme, plot, scene, setting, characters and existence in a text. They help students develop their thoughts about the texts…

Aytan, Talat

2013-01-01

277

Perceptions of preoperative expectations and postoperative outcomes from orthognathic surgery: Part I: Turkish female patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted in Turkish female patients to investigate their preoperative concerns, motivation, expectations, preoperative preparation for surgery and perception of outcomes concerning orthognathic surgery. Thirty women, with an age range of 18 to 31 years (mean age 21.8±3.8 years), participated in the study. The expectations and the results of orthognathic treatment were assessed based on the patients’ subjective

N. Türker; A. Varol; K. Ögel; S. Basa

2008-01-01

278

Gendered Communities of Practice and the Construction of Masculinities in Turkish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the construction of masculinities in Turkish physical education through Carrie Paechter's conceptualisation of gendered communities of practice. According to Paechter, educational communities of practice operate as sites of gendered activity. Membership within these communities contributes to the construction of a gendered…

Atencio, Matthew; Koca, Canan

2011-01-01

279

Antihypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activity assessment of some plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from five plant species used in Turkish traditional medicine were evaluated for in vivo hypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activities: Agrostemma githago L., Potentilla reptans L., Thymbra spicata var. spicata L., Urtica dioica L. and Viscum album var. album L. We assayed the effects of the administration of plant extracts on serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, glucose,

Gulcan Avc?; Esra Kupeli; Abdullah Eryavuz; Erdem Yesilada; Ismail Kucukkurt

2006-01-01

280

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students.

Unal Ayranci; Nazan Son; Osman Son

2005-01-01

281

Turkish Pre-Service Primary School Teachers' Environmental Attitudes: Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish pre-service primary school teachers' attitudes towards environment. Besides, it aimed to investigate how pre-service primary school teachers' environmental attitudes change with grade level and gender. A total of 2067 pre-service teachers attending to primary school education departments of nine…

Ozsoy, Sibel; Ozsoy, Gokhan; Kuruyer, Hayriye Gul

2011-01-01

282

Hugging, Drinking Tea, and Listening: Mental Health Needs of Turkish Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve Turkish immigrants were interviewed in a hypothesis-generating, qualitative investigation of their immigration experiences and mental health needs. Findings suggest high levels of psychological distress associated with homesickness, lack of English proficiency, problematic immigration status, difficulty adjusting to a new culture, and…

Sohtorik, Yasemin; McWilliams, Nancy

2011-01-01

283

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

284

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

285

Turkish High School Students' Biology Achievement in Relation to Academic Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith,…

Yumusak, Necmettin; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

286

An Investigation of Age and Gender Differences in Physical Self-Concept among Turkish Late Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates age and gender differences in physical self-concept of Turkish university students. The Physical Self-Perception Profile was administered to participants for assessing physical self-concept. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for gender, but no significant main effect for year in school. Univariate…

Asci, F. Hulya

2002-01-01

287

Images of war: using satellite images for human rights monitoring in Turkish Kurdistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In areas of war and armed conflict it is difficult to get trustworthy and coherent information. Civil society and human rights groups often face problems of dealing with fragmented witness reports, disinformation of war propaganda, and difficult direct access to these areas. Turkish Kurdistan was used as a case study of armed conflict to evaluate the potential use of satellite

Hugo de Vos; Joost Jongerden; Jacob van Etten

2008-01-01

288

An assessment on the current status and future of wind energy in Turkish electricity industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Promotion of renewable energy sources is a widely adopted policy since they are accepted to positively contribute to ensure the security of energy supply, mitigate CO2 emissions and meet the increasing energy demand. In parallel with that global thought, wind energy has been a hot topic in Turkish energy agenda although the share of wind energy in total energy resources

2011-01-01

289

Effect of processing conditions on the quality of naturally fermented Turkish sausages (sucuks)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effects of temperature and different fat levels on the quality of Turkish sausages (sucuks) were studied during the ripening period. Sausage batters prepared at 10%, 20% and 30% fat levels were processed at 20–22 and 24–26 °C. A high ripening temperature and low fat level caused fast dehydration. Fat level affected water activity, colour, total viable and lactic acid bacteria

Ayla Soyer; Ahmet Hamdi Erta?

2005-01-01

290

Determination of the Turkish Primary Students' Views about the Particulate Nature of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study…

Ozmen, Haluk; Kenan, Osman

2007-01-01

291

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

292

Quality of the Tasks in the New Turkish Elementary Mathematics Textbooks: The Case of Proportional Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines new Turkish elementary school mathematics textbooks to provide perspectives on the quality of the tasks related to the proportion concept and the ways they are presented. Tasks were analysed for several dimensions with a particular focus on their level of cognitive demands (LCD). Tasks were distinguished in two groups in terms…

Bayazit, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

293

What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students' Anxiety in Oral Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student's fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department…

Subasi, Gonca

2010-01-01

294

The Comprehension of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition and Agrammatism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study are to test whether the processing of subject relative (SR) clauses is easier than that of object relative (OR) clauses in Turkish and to investigate whether the comprehension of SRs can be better explained by the linear distance hypothesis or structural distance hypothesis (SDH). The question is examined in two groups…

Aydin, Ozgur

2007-01-01

295

of Turks': the Turkish for `species' is `Tr'. Instead of playing soccer,  

E-print Network

wrote my college application essay on insect collecting. The lack of natural history books in Turkish made me read many books in English, boosting my SAT and other relevant test scores. At age 6, I picture, understand conservation priorities worldwide, and find answers to important questions

Sekercioglu, Cagan Hakki

296

Isomorphic and Diverse Features of Turkish Private Higher Education. PROPHE Working Paper Series. WP No. 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines isomorphic and diversifying changes in Turkish private higher education institutions. Within and across the institutions isomorphic changes are common while diverse patterns appear among institutions with semi-elite characteristics. Within the limits of the national centralized system the semi-elite universities emerged as…

Mizikaci, Fatma

2011-01-01

297

Computer Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers and Impacting Demographics: A Turkish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology use in education is largely influenced by external environmental and personal teacher factors. Adding a Turkish perspective, the purpose of the present study was to explore secondary school teachers' perceptions of computers and influencing demographics characteristics. Cross-sectional survey methodology was employed in three secondary…

Kahveci, Ajda; Sahin, Nese; Genc, Sebnem

2011-01-01

298

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

299

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

300

Third Spaces: Turkish Immigrants and Their Children at the Intersection of Identity, Schooling, and Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study utilized hybridity theory, particularly the notion of third spaces, to investigate the ways Turkish immigrants (18 parents and 15 children) negotiate culture, identity, and schooling in the midwestern United States. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and artifacts, and analyzed using…

Isik-Ercan, Zeynep

2014-01-01

301

Mapping the past: Turkish Cypriot narratives of time and place in the Canbulat museum, northern Cyprus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canbulat museum is located within the Venetian Walls of the mediaeval city of Famagusta in northern Cyprus, and traditionally marks the spot where the Ottoman warrior Canbulat fell during the siege of Famagusta in 1571. The tomb of Canbulat, which is housed within the museum, has for centuries played an important part in the folk tradition of Turkish Cypriots.

Julie Scott

2002-01-01

302

Development of Synergistic Climate Scale: The Reliability and Validity of Turkish and Slovakian Forms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to develop a Synergistic Climate Scale (SCS) that can be used in organizations. Firstly prepared with 20 items, the scale was examined by five experts for its content validity, readability and intelligibility. As a result, two items were added to the scale, after experts' views. In the development of Turkish…

Kaya, Ahmet

2014-01-01

303

Turkish preservice science teachers’ efficacy beliefs regarding science teaching and their beliefs about classroom management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish preservice science teachers’ science teaching efficacy and classroom management beliefs. Data in this study were collected from a total number of 584 preservice science teachers utilizing the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument and the attitudes and beliefs on classroom control (ABCC) inventory. Data analysis indicated that preservice science teachers generally expressed

Ayse Savran Gencer; Jale Cakiroglu

2007-01-01

304

Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

Coskun, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

305

Maternal Socialization and Child Temperament as Predictors of Emotion Regulation in Turkish Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the role of maternal socialization and temperament in Turkish preschool children's emotion regulation. Participants consisted of 145 preschoolers (79 boys, 69 girls; M[subscript age]= 62 months), their mothers, and daycare teachers from middle-high socioeconomic suburbs of Istanbul. Maternal child-rearing practices and…

Yagmurlu, Bilge; Altan, Ozge

2010-01-01

306

THE CONSEQUENCES OF INTERNET CAFÉ USE ON TURKISH COLLEGE STUDENTS' SOCIAL CAPITAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet café use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet café usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafés. Social capital, on the other hand, was characterized by feelings

Mustafa KOÇ; Karen Ann FERNEDING

2007-01-01

307

Internet-assisted technologies for English language teaching in Turkish universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about\\/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL instructors' perceptions and perspectives on the use of the Internet for pedagogical purposes. A

Serkan Celik

2012-01-01

308

Using Songs as Audio Materials in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of songs as audio materials in teaching Turkish as foreign language is an important part of language culture and has an important place in culture. Thus, the transfer of cultural aspects accelerates language learning process. In the light of this view, it becomes necessary to transfer cultural aspects into classroom environment in teaching…

Keskin, Funda

2011-01-01

309

An implementation and evaluation of two diphone based synthesizers for Turkish  

E-print Network

diphone databases (male, female) obtained by processing speech data with a pitch asynchronous, fixed frame, the prosodic features of the selected database units need to be modified to produce synthetic speech This paper presents two diphone based Turkish text-to-speech systems; the first system is realized inside

Dupont, Stéphane

310

The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

Gocer, Ali

2013-01-01

311

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

312

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess students' homework behaviors, and a multiple regression approach was employed to determine whether students' homework motivation

Ayten ?flazo?lu; Eunsook Hong

2012-01-01

313

Active tectonics of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau Alex Copley1  

E-print Network

and Caspian seas. A NNW-SSE band of previously unrecognized oblique normal faults is present on the Turkey in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea was severed by uplift in the area which is now the Turkish-Iranian Plateau [e

314

Prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in an adult turkish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and distribution of oral mucosal lesions in a Turkish adult population. Material and methods: Five thousand consecutive patients were examined during routine dental treatment. Some of the mucosal changes were diagnosed solely by clinical examination. When clinical features were not diagnos- tic, a biopsy was undertaken. Chi-square test was

Ali-Riza-?lker Cebeci; Büyük-Kaan Orhan

2009-01-01

315

Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

2011-01-01

316

Use of cross-border healthcare services among ethnic Danes, Turkish immigrants and Turkish descendants in Denmark: a combined survey and registry study  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare obtained abroad may conflict with care received in the country of residence. A special concern for immigrants has been raised as they may have stronger links to healthcare services abroad. Our objective was to investigate use of healthcare in a foreign country in Turkish immigrants, their descendants, and ethnic Danes. Methods The study was based on a nationwide survey in 2007 with 372 Turkish immigrants, 496 descendants, and 1,131 ethnic Danes aged 18–66. Data were linked to registry data on socioeconomic factors. Using logistic regression models, use of doctor, specialist doctor, hospital, dentist in a foreign country as well as medicine from abroad were estimated. Analyses were adjusted for socioeconomic factors and health symptoms. Results Overall, 26.6% among Turkish immigrants made use of cross-border healthcare, followed by 19.4% among their descendants to 6.7% among ethnic Danes. Using logistic regression models with ethnic Danes as the reference group, Turkish immigrants were seen to have made increased use of general practitioners, specialist doctors, hospitals, and dentists in a foreign country (odds ratio (OR), 5.20-6.74), while Turkish descendants had made increased use of specialist doctors (OR, 4.97) and borderline statistically significant increased use of hospital (OR, 2.48) and dentist (OR, 2.17) but not general practitioners. For medicine, we found no differences among the men, but women with an immigrant background made considerably greater use, compared with ethnic Danish women. Socioeconomic position and health symptoms had a fairly explanatory effect on the use in the different groups. Conclusions Use of cross-border healthcare may have consequences for the continuity of care, including conflicts in the medical treatment, for the patient. Nonetheless, it may be aligned with the patient’s preferences and thereby beneficial for the patient. We need more information about reasons for obtaining cross-border healthcare among immigrants residing in European countries, and the consequences for the patient and the healthcare systems, including the quality of care. The Danish healthcare system needs to be aware of the significant healthcare consumption by immigrants, especially medicine among women, outside Denmark’s borders. PMID:23148550

2012-01-01

317

Population genetic data for 15 autosomal STR markers in Turkish Cypriots from Cyprus.  

PubMed

Fifteen autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) markers [D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, THO1, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA] were analyzed in 501 unrelated, randomly selected Turkish Cypriot individuals from the island of Cyprus. While no locus duplications or null alleles were detected in these samples, eight allelic variants were observed in total, 75% of which were intermediate allelic variants that were absent in the system allelic ladder. Allelic frequencies and statistical parameters of forensic interest were calculated at each locus. For the 15 STR loci tested, combined matching probability (pM) was 2.15717×10(-18) and combined power of exclusion (PE) was 0.9999995213. No deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed, except for the vWA locus, which became insignificant after the Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Locus-by-locus comparisons of the Turkish Cypriot allelic frequencies with those published for the neighboring and/or historically related populations with similar loci coverage (Turkish, Greek, Greek Cypriot, Italian and Lebanese) revealed some statistically significant differences at one to five loci. In general, an increase in the number of such significant differences between the Turkish Cypriot data and those for other populations correlated closely with an increase in the geographic distance and/or a decrease in the amount of historical contact. The Turkish Cypriot autosomal STR population study will find immediate use in the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Project on the "Exhumation, Identification and Return of Remains of Missing Persons" and it will also be available for criminal, parentage and other missing person investigations. PMID:25270185

Gurkan, Cemal; Demirdov, Damla Kanliada; Yamaci, Rezan Fahrioglu; Sevay, Huseyin

2015-01-01

318

The effect of fermentation and drying on the water-soluble vitamin content of tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tarhana is a popular and widely consumed traditional Turkish fermented wheat-flour-yoghurt mixture. The effects of fermentation (30 °C for 4 days) and drying (50, 60 and 70 °C) on the contents of several water-soluble vitamins (ascorbic acid, niacin, pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), thiamine (vitamin B1), folic acid and riboflavin (vitamin B2)) in tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal

Raci Ek?nc?

2005-01-01

319

[Effect of the hodja (magic healer) on Turkish psychiatric patients in West Germany--an evaluation of clinical examples].  

PubMed

Turkish magic healers called hodjas are working in West-Germany today. Our knowledge about their influence on Turkish patients is poor. They are consulted at least from patients with psychogenous diseases. The degree and the multiple dimensions of their influence and the possibility for the doctor to master the conflicting cultural identity of these patients is demonstrated on the base of four clinical case-histories. PMID:3671589

Röder, F; Opali?, P

1987-09-01

320

Development of a sex education programme for 12?year?old to 14?year?old Turkish adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school?based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a contemporary sex education programme for 12?year?old to 14?year?old adolescents, entitled

Figen Cok; Lizbeth Ann Gray

2007-01-01

321

A Turkish Adaptation of the Coping Scales From the German Stress and Coping Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study develops and validates a Turkish adaptation of the coping scales from the German Stress and Coping Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (SSKJ 3–8; Lohaus, Eschenbeck, Kohlmann, & Klein-Heßling, 2006). In a Turkish sample of 473 children and adolescents from grades 4 to 8 (220 girls, 253 boys, age range: 9–15 years), the factor structure of the original

Heike Eschenbeck; Uwe Heim-Dreger; Elif Tasdaban; Arnold Lohaus; Carl-Walter Kohlmann

2011-01-01

322

Ambivalent Sexism, Belief in a Just World, and Empathy as Predictors of Turkish Students’ Attitudes Toward Rape Victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated whether hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, belief in a just world and empathy predict attitudes\\u000a toward rape victims in a Turkish sample. Turkish college students (N = 425, mean age = 22) completed scales assessing Ambivalent Sexism, Belief in a Just World and Rape Victim Empathy as predictors\\u000a of a general measure of attitudes toward rape victims.

Nuray Sakall?-U?urlu; Zeynep S?la Yalç?n; Peter Glick

2007-01-01

323

Predictors of Turkish Women’s and Men’s Attitudes toward Sexual Harassment: Ambivalent Sexism, and Ambivalence Toward Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationships among ambivalent sexism (hostile\\/benevolent), ambivalence toward men (hostility\\/benevolence)\\u000a and Turkish women\\/men’s attitudes toward sexual harassment, including attitudes toward viewing sexual harassment as a result\\u000a of provocative behaviors of women (ASHPBW) and attitudes toward viewing sexual harassment as a trivial matter (ASHTM). Participants\\u000a included 220 Turkish undergraduates (136 female; Mage?=?20.00). They tended to blame women for

Nuray Sakall?-U?urlu; Selin Salman; Sinem Turgut

2010-01-01

324

Iranian Azeri's Y-Chromosomal Diversity in the Context of Turkish-Speaking Populations of the Middle East  

PubMed Central

Background: The main goal of this study was to conduct a comparative population genetic study of Turkish speaking Iranian Azeries as being the biggest ethno-linguistic community, based on the polymorph markers on Y chromosome. Methods: One hundred Turkish-speaking Azeri males from north-west Iran (Tabriz, 2008–2009) were selected based on living 3 generations paternally in the same region and not having any relationship with each other. Samples were collected by mouth swabs, DNA extracted and multiplex PCR done, then 12 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and 6 Microsatellites (MS) were sequenced. Obtained data were statistically analyzed by Arlequin software. Results: SNPs and Microsatellites typing were compared with neighboring Turkish-speaking populations (from Turkey and Azerbaijan) and Turkmens representing a possible source group who imposed the Turkish language during 11–15th centuries AD. Azeris demonstrated high level of gene diversity compatible with patterns registered in the neighboring Turkish-speaking populations, whereas the Turkmens displayed significantly lower level of genetic variation. This rate of genetic affiliation depends primarily on the geographic proximity. Conclusion: The imposition of Turkish language to this region was realized predominantly by the process of elite dominance, i.e. by the limited number of invaders who left only weak patrilineal genetic trace in modern populations of the region. PMID:23113065

Andonian, L; Rezaie, S; Margaryan, A; Farhud, DD; Mohammad, K; Naieni, K Holakouie; Khorramizadeh, MR; Sanati, M H; Jamali, M; Bayatian, P; Yepiskoposyan, L

2011-01-01

325

Molecular identification of Anisakis species (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes collected in Turkish waters.  

PubMed

Anisakid nematodes are important etiological agents for zoonotic human anisakiasis (or anisakidosis). These parasites in the Turkish waters still remain unexplored. This study aims the molecular identification of Anisakis species in Turkey's coast from Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Sea and specifically to screen for zoonotic species in commonly commercialized a total of 1145 fish belonging to 31 different species using both polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PCR-RFLP) and sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit II (cox2) gene. A total of 776 Anisakis type I larvae were isolated in 56/1145 (4.8%) fish of 7 species from Turkish waters. The combining all of our results, e.g., morphology, PCR-RFLP, ITS region, and the cox2 gene, conclusively supported the identification of 3 Anisakis spp. taken from marine fish hosts, namely Anisakis pegreffii, Anisakis typica and Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.str.)/A. pegreffii hybrid genotype. No Anisakis larvae were isolated from the Black Sea whereas A. pegreffii, A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotype was found in the Aegean Sea and A. pegreffii was only isolated from the Mediterranean Sea. This study represents the first identification of A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotypes from Turkish waters. Moreover, in the present study first record of the presence of A. pegreffii is also reported from Turkish coasts of Aegean and Mediterranean Sea. No zoonotic Anisakis species were found in commonly commercialized 1025 fish belonging to 16 different species from the Black Sea, thus Turkish populations who consume captured fish from the Black Sea may have a less risk of human anisakiasis or allergies. However, the prevalence of larvae were 47.1% and 46% and recognized zoonotic A. pegreffii were identified from the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coast, suggesting a high threat of anisakiasis or allergies for Turkish populations who consume fish originating in these regions. PMID:24485564

Pekmezci, Gokmen Zafer; Onuk, Ertan Emek; Bolukbas, Cenk Soner; Yardimci, Banu; Gurler, Ali Tumay; Acici, Mustafa; Umur, Sinasi

2014-03-17

326

Examination of personality characteristics in a Turkish sample: development of basic personality traits inventory.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to test the cross-cultural validity of the five-factor nature of personality. For this aim, an indigenous, psychometrically strong instrument measuring the basic personality dimensions within Turkish culture and language was developed through three consecutive studies. The first study aimed to reveal the adjectives that have been most frequently used to define people in the Turkish culture. In the second study, factor analysis of these personality characteristics revealed big five personality factors, along with the sixth factor, which had been called as the Negative Valence factor. The adjectives that most strongly represented and differentiated each factor constituted 45-item "Basic Personality Traits Inventory". Finally, in the third study, psychometric characteristics of the Basic Personality Traits Inventory were examined. Factor structure and psychometric properties of this instrument confirmed that five-factor nature of personality may not hold true in every culture. PMID:24837020

Gençöz, Tülin; Öcül, Öznur

2012-01-01

327

Maple syrup urine disease-treatment and outcome in patients of Turkish descent in Germany.  

PubMed

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that causes acute and chronic brain dysfunction because of a neurotoxic effect of the accumulating branched chain amino acids (BCAA) and their corresponding keto acids. Aim of the treatment is a rapid reversal of the neonatal decompensation and a stable long-term metabolic control obtained by a carefully adjusted BCAA-low diet. In optimally treated patients, an unimpaired neurological and intellectual outcome is possible. Ten patients of Turkish origin suffering from MSUD are presently treated in the Metabolic Unit of the University Hospital in Düsseldorf, Germany. All patients show mild intellectual deficits; neurological impairment is rare. This paper aims to define the feasible standard of therapy and the resulting intellectual and psychosocial outcome achievable in MSUD patients of Turkish origin under high standard conditions of medical care for inborn errors of metabolism. PMID:15884622

Simon, Eva; Wendel, Udo; Schadewaldt, Peter

2005-01-01

328

Effects of modified atmosphere packaging on shelf life of Turkish delight (lokum).  

PubMed

Turkish delight is a sugar-based jellylike confection that has been produced for hundreds of years. In this study, four different modified atmospheres were created in order to extend the shelf life of Turkish delight. Microbiological analyses and sensory evaluations were conducted at the beginning of storage and at 7-day intervals thereafter. Microbiological analyses showed that the numbers of total mesophilic aerobic bacteria within samples stored in a modified atmosphere of 30% CO2 plus 70% N2 were lower than in the other modified atmospheres. According to sensory evaluations, the samples kept in a modified atmosphere of 50% CO2 plus 50% N2 were unacceptable after the 21st day of storage, whereas those kept in modified atmospheres of both 25% CO2 plus 75% N2 and 30% CO2 plus 70% N2 were found to be acceptable even after 30 days of storage. PMID:25285501

Dereli, Zeynep; Sevik, Ramazan; Batu, Ali; Gök, Veli

2014-10-01

329

Learning from SimCity: an empirical study of Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

SimCity is a system simulation game frequently used in educational settings. This study investigates whether playing SimCity could change Turkish adolescents' perception of the city they live in. We hypothesized that playing the game would lead to perceptional changes in the players regarding their ideal and real cities. Two hundred forty eight 13-year old Turkish adolescents attending 7th grade constituted the sample. Ninety adolescents played the game for six weeks. Their scores on various perception variables on city issues were compared to those of the control group's. Results showed that students in the experimental group changed their expectations of an ideal city to resemble the game, expected city authorities to pay greater attention to city issues, and reported higher level of distrust to city authorities at the post-test compared to those in the control group. Findings are discussed in terms of the potential of SimCity in training informed citizens. PMID:19931157

Tanes, Zeynep; Cemalcilar, Zeynep

2010-10-01

330

Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.  

PubMed

The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

2009-04-01

331

Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.  

PubMed

A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

2013-12-01

332

The circadian system of the Turkish hamster, Mesocricetus brandti: responses to light.  

PubMed

The circadian system of the Turkish hamster controlling wheel-running activity responded to single 1-hr light pulses and to repeated 1-hr pulses in a similar way as that of Syrian hamsters studied previously. At constant light of 100 lx, the period length (tau) of the freerunning activity rhythm of Turkish hamsters was longer and the activity time (alpha) was shorter than that of Syrian hamsters. Among individuals, the ability of the system to be entrained by one 1-hr light pulse per cycle was related to the range (advance plus delay amplitude) of the phase response curve (PRC) derived from single light pulses and to the compression of alpha caused by the pulse Zeitgeber. The data support the hypothesis derived from experiments on Syrian hamsters that the range of the PRC is functionally related with alpha, possibly reflecting the phase relations (coupling) between two oscillators. PMID:2863051

Pohl, H

1985-01-01

333

Financial literacy among Turkish college students: the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental teaching.  

PubMed

Summary.-This study assessed financial literacy and its correlates among Turkish college students, with special emphasis on the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental influences. Financial literacy was measured by the College Student Financial Literacy Survey, which assesses knowledge in four areas: general financial management, saving and borrowing, insurance, and investing. 853 Turkish university students were administered the survey (416 men, 437 women; M age = 20.3 yr., SD = 0.6). The mean percentage of correct responses was 45% (SD = 12.8%). Regression results showed that formal finance education in college, a deep approach to learning, and direct financial teaching by parents were significantly associated with higher financial literacy scores. PMID:25153844

Akben-Selcuk, Elif; Altiok-Yilmaz, Ayse

2014-10-01

334

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students’ Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students’ interest in science by using their self-generated\\u000a questions. We investigated students’ interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among\\u000a them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample\\u000a may represent a group of students who have a

Gultekin Cakmakci; Hatice Sevindik; Meryem Pektas; Asli Uysal; Fatma Kole; Gamze Kavak

2011-01-01

335

The Intersectoral Linkage Effects in Turkish Economy: An Application of Static Leontief Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the leading activities of Turkish Economy whose changes in their structure of production, value-added and employment are interrelated with the other activities of the economy, are found by using the input-output model which is presented and called as an Application of the General Equilibrium Theory by Leontief. For this purpose; firstly theoretical foundations of the input-output model

Gülsün Gürkan Yay; Serkan Keçeli

2009-01-01

336

Emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy: a study of Turkish EFL pre-service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy’s Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On’s Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL pre-service teachers felt more efficacious in managing the class rather than in making the class

Zeynep Koço?lu

2011-01-01

337

Diversity and relationships among Turkish okra germplasm by SRAP and phenotypic marker polymorphism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germplasm characterization is essential and molecular markers provide valuable information for breeding programs. Sequence-related\\u000a amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and phenotypic markers were studied to determine diversity and relationships among 23 okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench) genotypes. The 39 combinations of forward and reverse SRAP primers were used to evaluate the 21 Turkish and two\\u000a randomly selected USA genotypes as outgroups, and

Osman Gulsen; Suleyman Karagul; Kazim Abak

2007-01-01

338

Phenotypic Diversity within a Collection of Distinct Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ) Cultivars Derived from Turkish Land Races  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten traditional, Turkish okra cultivars (Bat? Trakya, Akköy 41, Kabakl? II, Denizli, Denizli uzun, Bornova (TR-57377 and TR-57420), Amasya Çiçek, Bal?kesir T-1, A?lasun\\/Burdur) and one commercial cultivar (Sultani\\/May Seed Company) were selected to represent the variability within domestic okra germplasm from the Anatolian Plateau. Replicated field trials were conducted to evaluate a total of 21 morphological, horticultural and physiological characteristics.

Eftal Düzyaman

2005-01-01

339

Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

2008-01-01

340

Component processes of early reading, spelling, and narrative writing skills in Turkish: a longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined: (a) the role of phonological, grammatical, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) skills in reading and spelling\\u000a development; and (b) the component processes of early narrative writing skills. Fifty-seven Turkish-speaking children were\\u000a followed from Grade 1 to Grade 2. RAN was the most powerful longitudinal predictor of reading speed and its effect was evident\\u000a even when previous reading

Selma Babayi?it; Rhona Stainthorp

2010-01-01

341

Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Turkish Water Resources: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Water resources are mainly controlled by the climate conditions. Global warming will therefore have evolving impacts on water\\u000a resources and poses important challenges for sustainable development. Studies are rapidly emerging with focus on potential\\u000a implications of climate change on Turkish water resources. These studies can be grouped into two major fields: (1) Studies\\u000a investigating the degree of climate change reflected

Koray K. Yilmaz; Hasan Yazicigil

342

Turkish university students’ perceptions of communicative and non-communicative activities in EFL classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a case study that investigates the perceptions of 30 Turkish university students in order to better understand the appropriateness and effectiveness of communicative and non-communicative activities in their English as a foreign language (EFL) courses in a private university preparatory school in Istanbul, Turkey. Using multi-method, data were collected by means of a questionnaire and semi-structured interview.

Görsev ?nceçay; Volkan ?nceçay

2009-01-01

343

The effect of heat treatment on the foaming properties of tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal food  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of heat treatment (simmering for 10min at atmospheric conditions) on the foaming capacity (FC) and foam stability (FS) of tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal food, was investigated using response surface methodology with concentration (0.5–1.5% db) and whipping time (30–120s) being the independent variables. Regression equations for predicting the FC and FS were developed. The results were compared with

Esra ?bano?lu; ?enol ?bano?lu

1997-01-01

344

Turkish Preservice Science Teachers’ Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers’ informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues\\u000a and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning\\u000a interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific issues, three issues were related to\\u000a gene therapy, another three were related to human cloning, and

Mustafa Sami Topçu; Özgül Y?lmaz-Tüzün; Troy D. Sadler

2011-01-01

345

Determination of the factors motivating and motivation level of the weightlifters participating in Turkish weightlifting championship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study conducted according to survey method is to determine the factors motivating and the motivation levels of the athletes who participated in Inter-club Turkish Weight Lifting Championship. The data of the study were gathered from the weightlifters participating inter-club weightlifting championship held in Mu?la in 2008, and they were analyzed with SPSS 10.0 program package.

Süleyman Can

2010-01-01

346

Attitudes towards women managers: Development and validation of a new measure with Turkish samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the development of a new instrument measuring attitudes towards women managers (ATWoM). To test its reliability and validity data were collected from 456 Turkish employees from 23 organizations. Reliability and validitiy of ATWoM's final version were also tested with a separate sample comprised 312 students enrolled in junior–senior undergraduate and MBA programmes. ATWoM's psychometric properties were superior

Zeynep Aycan; Mahmut Bayazit; Yonca Berkman; Hale Bolak Boratav

2012-01-01

347

Attitudes towards women managers: Development and validation of a new measure with Turkish samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the development of a new instrument measuring attitudes towards women managers (ATWoM). To test its reliability and validity data were collected from 456 Turkish employees from 23 organizations. Reliability and validitiy of ATWoM's final version were also tested with a separate sample comprised 312 students enrolled in junior–senior undergraduate and MBA programmes. ATWoM's psychometric properties were superior

Zeynep Aycan; Mahmut Bayazit; Yonca Berkman; Hale Bolak Boratav

2011-01-01

348

The oceanic response of the Turkish Straits System to an extreme drop in atmospheric pressure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

across all four entry/exit sections of the Dardanelles Strait and the Bosphorus Strait simultaneously measured the response of the Turkish Straits System to the passage of a severe cyclonic storm that included an atmospheric pressure drop of more than 30 mbar in less than 48 h. The bottom pressure response at the Aegean Sea side of the Dardanelles Strait was consistent with an inverted barometer response, but the response at the other sections did not follow an inverted barometer, leading to a large bottom pressure gradient through the Turkish Straits System. Upper-layer flow toward the Aegean Sea was reversed by the storm and flow toward the Black Sea was greatly enhanced. Bottom pressure across the Sea of Marmara peaked 6 h after the passage of the storm's minimum pressure. The response on the Dardanelles side was a combination of sea elevation and pycnocline depth rise, and the response on the Bosphorus side was an even greater sea elevation rise and a drop in pycnocline depth. The peak in bottom pressure in the Sea of Marmara was followed by another reverse in the flow through the Dardanelles Strait as flow was then directed away from the Sea of Marmara in both straits. A simple conceptual model without wind is able to explain fluctuations in bottom pressure in the Sea of Marmara to a 0.89-0.96 level of correlation. This stresses the importance of atmospheric pressure dynamics in driving the mass flux of the Turkish Strait System for extreme storms.

Book, Jeffrey W.; Jarosz, Ewa; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Be?iktepe, Å.?ükrü

2014-06-01

349

Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the perception of aggression scale.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Perception of Aggression Scale. Cross-sectional data were collected by the completion of questionnaires by 350 nursing students from two nursing schools in Istanbul, Turkey. The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the scale were analysed by using factor analysis (principal component analysis), assessment of internal consistency and reliability, and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. The two-factor structure was confirmed by principal component analysis: the first factor treated aggression as functional and the second as dysfunctional. The correlation between the means of the items and dimensions was moderate (r for factor 1: 0.47-0.73; r for factor 2: 0.29-0.70). The coefficient of internal consistency of the scale was 0.85 for factor 1 and 0.81 for factor 2. Thus, Turkish version of Perception of Aggression Scale is a valid and reliable tool. It is essential to understand perceptions of aggressive behaviour in order to establish effective management strategies to tackle untoward events in clinical settings. PMID:22074024

Bilgin, H; Tulek, Z; Ozcan, N

2011-12-01

350

Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks  

PubMed Central

Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed. PMID:24987384

Wege, Briana Vander; Sanchez Gonzalez, Mayra L.; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M.; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

2014-01-01

351

Regional Crustal Velocity Models for Northern Arabian Platform and Turkish-Iranian Plateau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geological structure of the Northern Arabian platform and surrounding mountains is dominated by the collision and suturing of the Arabian plate with the Eurasian plate and the formation of the Turkish-Iranian plateau. The structure of the Northern Arabian platform and surrounding region is poorly constrained. A recent deployment of 10 broadband seismometers in northern and central Iraq provides an opportunity to refine velocity models of the region. We have applied the Niching Genetic Algorithm waveform inversion technique to Rayleigh and Love waves traversing the Northern Arabian platform, the Zagros fold belt, the southern Turkish Plateau, the Iranian Plateau. Results show variations in crustal thickness and shear wave velocity between the Northern Arabian platform and the Turkish-Iranian plateau. In general the shear wave velocities are higher in the Northern Arabian platform than in the Plateaus. Variation of shear velocities within each of the provinces reflects the diversity in tectonic environment across the Zagros fold belt and the complex tectonic history of the region. Crustal thickness results show little crustal thickening has occurred due to collision.

Aleqabi, G.; Wysession, M.; Ghalib, H.

2008-12-01

352

CTLA-4 (+49A/G) Polymorphism and Type-1 Diabetes in Turkish Children  

PubMed Central

Objective: To evaluate the contribution of cytotoxic T-Iymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4)+49A/G polymorphism to the susceptibility to type-1 diabetes (T1D) in Turkish children. Methods: A case-control study was designed to include 91 Turkish children with T1D and 99 healthy controls. CTLA-4 (+99A/G) gene polymorphism typing was done by PCR amplification followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results: The genotype and allele frequencies of the CTLA-4 (+99A/G) polymorphism in patients with T1D were not different from those in the controls (p>0.05). The allele frequency of G was 36.2% in patients with T1D, and 31.8% in controls (p>0.05). Additionally, this polymorphism was not associated with the clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients with T1D (p>0.05). Conclusions: Our case-control study suggests that the CTLA-4 (+99A/G) gene polymorphism is not associated with T1D in the Turkish population. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:23367498

Celmeli, Fatih; Turkkahraman, Doga; Ozel, Deniz; Akcurin, Sema; Yegin, Olcay

2013-01-01

353

Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks.  

PubMed

Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed. PMID:24987384

Wege, Briana Vander; Sánchez González, Mayra L; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

2014-01-01

354

The Status of the Female Academicians in Turkish Universities During the Process of EU Admission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study is to reveal the status of the female academicians in Turkish universities during the process of EU admission. In this process, the geographical position and the importance of Turkey`s strategic position for various countries in the world and, especially for EU, the status of female academicians in several developed countries and the historical development of the female academicians in Turkish universities have been analysed. In addition, the distribution of the female academicians in basic fields in Turkey and in several other developed countries has been compared. The study showed that the number of the female academicians and professors in Turkey has been increasing rapidly and that they have achieved not only considerable progress in every echelon, but also a high rate of representation in certain scientific fields. Among the other important finding of the study is that Turkish women possess more career opportunities in higher education institutions in Turkey than in other developed countries although they reflect a lower level of higher education achievements and suffer economical difficulties at times due to sexual discrimination in public-however relative it may seem.

Ozel, Ali

355

Development of a problematic mobile phone use scale for Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Scale (PMPUS) for Turkish Adolescents. The psychometric properties of PMPUS were tested in two separate sample groups that consisted of 950 Turkish high school students. The first sample group (n=309) was used to determine the factor structure of the scale. The second sample group (n=461) was used to test data conformity with the identified structure, discriminant validity and concurrent scale validity, internal consistency reliability calculations, and item statistics calculations. The results of exploratory factor analyses indicated that the scale had three factors: interference with negative effect, compulsion/persistence, and withdrawal/tolerance. The results showed that item and construct reliability values yielded satisfactory rates in general for the three-factor construct. On the other hand, the average variance extracted value remained below the scale value for three subscales. The scores for the scale significantly correlated with depression and loneliness. In addition, the discriminant validity value was above the scale in all sub-dimensions except one. Based on these data, the reliability of the PMPUS scale appears to be satisfactory and provides good internal consistency. Therefore, with limited exception, the PMPUS was found to be reliable and valid in the context of Turkish adolescents. PMID:22304426

Güzeller, Cem Oktay; Co?guner, Tolga

2012-04-01

356

Enhanced musical rhythmic perception in Turkish early and late learners of German  

PubMed Central

As language rhythm relies partly on general acoustic properties, such as intensity and duration, mastering two languages with distinct rhythmic properties (i.e., stress position) may enhance musical rhythm perception. We investigated whether competence in a second language (L2) with different rhythmic properties than a L1 affects musical rhythm aptitude. Turkish early (TELG) and late learners (TLLG) of German were compared to German late L2 learners of English (GLE) regarding their musical rhythmic aptitude. While Turkish and German present distinct linguistic rhythm and metric properties, German and English are rather similar in this regard. To account for inter-individual differences, we measured participants' short-term and working memory (WM) capacity, melodic aptitude, and time they spent listening to music. Both groups of Turkish L2 learners of German perceived rhythmic variations significantly better than German L2 learners of English. No differences were found between early and late learners' performance. Our findings suggest that mastering two languages with different rhythmic properties enhances musical rhythm perception, providing further evidence of shared cognitive resources between language and music. PMID:24065946

Roncaglia-Denissen, M. Paula; Schmidt-Kassow, Maren; Heine, Angela; Vuust, Peter; Kotz, Sonja A.

2013-01-01

357

Trends in a Life Threatening Condition: Morbid Obesity in Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan Children in The Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background Morbid obesity can be a life threatening condition. The aim of our study is to assess the trend in morbid obesity in The Netherlands among children of Dutch origin since 1980, and among children of Turkish and Moroccan origin since 1997. Methods and Findings Cross-sectional height and weight data of children of Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan origin aged 2–18 years were selected from three national Dutch Growth Studies performed in 1980, 1997 and 2009 (n?=?54,814). Extended international (IOTF) cut-offs in childhood were used to define morbid obesity (obesity class II and III combined). The morbidity index for overweight was calculated as the prevalence of morbid obesity divided by the prevalence of overweight. Our study showed that the prevalence of morbid obesity in children of Dutch origin was 0.59% in boys and 0.53% in girls in 2009. Significant upward trends occurred since 1980 and 1997. The prevalence was three to four fold higher in Turkish children compared to Dutch children. The Turkish children also had an upward trend since 1997, but this was only statistically significant in boys. The prevalence of morbid obesity in Moroccan children was two to three fold higher than in Dutch children, but it remained almost stable between 1997 and 2009. The Dutch and Turkish children showed an upward trend in morbidity index for overweight since respectively 1980 and 1997, while the Moroccan children showed a downward trend since 1997. In 2009, children of low educated parents had the highest prevalence rates of morbid obesity; 1.06% in Dutch, 2.11% in Turkish and 1.41% in Moroccan children. Conclusions and Significance An upward trend of morbid obesity in Dutch and Turkish children in The Netherlands occurred. Monitoring and reducing the prevalence of childhood morbid obesity is of high importance for these children, health care and the community. PMID:24732729

van Dommelen, Paula; Schonbeck, Yvonne; van Buuren, Stef; HiraSing, Remy A.

2014-01-01

358

Quality of life of Turkish type 2 diabetics in Germany and Turkey - a comparison between Hamburg and Istanbul.  

PubMed

Objectives. The analyses address the following research questions: (1) Do Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey differ in terms of quality of life? (2) If yes, can these differences (in part) be explained by social factors (age, gender, education, household size), functional limitations and availability of support? (3) Are social factors, functional limitations and availability of support differently associated with quality of life among Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey? Design. For this comparative cross-sectional study, 111 patients with type 2 diabetes were personally interviewed in Istanbul (Turkey) and 294 Turkish patients in Hamburg (Germany). For quality of life measurement we have used the Turkish version of the WHOQOL-Bref-26. Sociodemographics included age, sex, education and household-size. Health related functional limitations were assessed on the basis of an index of (instrumental) activities of daily living including the availability of help. Statistical analyses were conducted on group comparisons with Chi-square- and T-tests as well as linear regressions. Results. There are no significant differences between Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey in the physical and the psychological dimensions of the WHOQOL-Bref. However, in the WHOQOL-domains 'social QoL' and 'environmental QoL' Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg have a significantly better quality of life than their counterparts in Istanbul. These differences cannot be explained by individual sociodemographic factors, functional limitations and availability of support. Furthermore, we found much stronger positive associations between education and quality of life in Istanbul than in Hamburg. Conclusion. Beyond strong similarities between the two samples in sociodemographics, physical and mental health the social and environmental quality of life was significantly assessed better by the Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg. This is most likely an effect of public investment in social security, infrastructure and health care which is also influencing the decision as to where to spend life in retirement. PMID:24517236

Kofahl, Christopher; Do?an, Mustafa; Do?an, Gülsün; Mnich, Eva; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf

2014-12-01

359

How important is it to experience how a line officer feels for police supervisors? Outcomes of an uncommon two?track promotion system in the Turkish National Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to assess the outcomes of a relatively unconventional police supervisor promotion system used by the Turkish National Police (TNP). In the Turkish promotional system most TNP supervisors come into their positions directly from a specialized college experience, never having worked as a police officer. At the same time, a limited number of TNP supervisors do come into

Hasan Buker

2010-01-01

360

Low enriched uranium foil plate target for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low enriched uranium foil (19.99% 235U) will be used as target material for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1). LEU foil plate target proposed by University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) will be irradiated in PARR-1 for the production of 100Ci of Molybdenum-99 at the end of irradiation, which will be sufficient to prepare required 99Mo/ 99mTc generators at Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad (PINSTECH) and its supply in the country. Neutronic and thermal hydraulic analysis for the fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1 has been performed. Power levels in target foil plates and their corresponding irradiation time durations were initially determined by neutronic analysis to have the required neutron fluence. Finally, the thermal hydraulic analysis has been carried out for the proposed design of the target holder using LEU foil plates for fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1. Data shows that LEU foil plate targets can be safely irradiated in PARR-1 for production of desired amount of fission Molybdenum-99.

Mushtaq, A.; Iqbal, Masood; Bokhari, Ishtiaq Hussain; Mahmood, Tayyab

2009-04-01

361

Conference on Comparative Law - Recent Developments in European, American, and Turkish Law: "Team Kansas" Goes to Turkey  

E-print Network

to technological developments, it was necessary to add a new chapter lO to the Turkish Criminal Code in 1991," in order to deal with computer crimes. D. New Trends in Constitutional Law'] My participation in the session on New Trends in Constitutional Law proved... trends in constitutional law, economic crimes and justice reform. The other program-which was conducted at the Turkish Police Academy-addressed the general topic of"Modem Methods of Criminal Investigation and Human Rights" while dealing with the specific...

Gottlieb, David J.; Levy, Richard E.; McAllister, Stephen R.; Peck, John C.; Yenisey, Feridun

1997-05-01

362

The role of Interleukin 28B gene polymorphism in Turkish patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.  

PubMed

Background and aim. Multiple risk factors lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) including viral infections, mutation and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene rs12979860 polymorphism has been shown to be associated with HCC in the different populations, but its association with HCC has not been investigated in the Turkish population. We investigated whether the rs12979860 polymorphism of IL28B gene affects the risk of HCC. Material and method. We performed genotyping analysis using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay in a hospital-based case-control study of 187 confirmed HCC patients and 208 healthy subjects (cancer and viral infection negative) in the Turkish population. Results. The allele and genotype analysis showed no significant differences between the risk of HCC and IL28B gene rs12979860 polymorphism (OR = 1.10; 95% 0.59-2.08 P = 0.76 for genotype). However, in the HBV-related HCC subgroup, the TT genotype increased a 1.46-fold the risk of developing HCC, but not statistically significant (OR = 1.46; 95% 0.71-2.97 P = 0.30). Furthermore, no significant differences were found between clinical findings, and sex in comparison with the IL28B genotypes in HCC group (P > 0.05). Conclusion. Our results suggest, for the first time, that no significant association were found between IL28B rs12979860 genotypes with the risk of developing HCC in Turkish patients. Further independent investigations are required to clarify the possible role of IL28B gene rs12979860 polymorphism on the risk of developing HCC in a larger series and also in patients of different ethnic origins. PMID:25332265

Akkiz, Hikmet; Kuran, Sedef; Akgöllü, Ersin; Usküdar, Oguz; Bekar, Aynur; Bayram, Süleyman

2014-01-01

363

Understanding medication adherence among patients of Turkish descent with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Objectives. To explore perspectives of Turkish migrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on adherence to oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHA). Design. In-depth interviews with 21 T2DM patients of Turkish descent recruited from primary care and community sources in Ghent, Belgium, using a theoretical sampling procedure. Analysis was guided by a grounded theory approach, using Nvivo 8. Results. Respondents reported a multitude of barriers and facilitators of adherence to OHA. Some of these barriers are distinctive for T2DM patients of Turkish descent. Respondents' causal beliefs about stress and the Belgian climate often led to non-adherence during less stressful periods, like summer holidays in Turkey. Some respondents adjusted their medication use to food intake or during Ramadan fasting. Concerns about OHA were the main reason for the widespread use of herbal medicine in this sample. The religious framework used to interpret diabetes led, in combination with feelings of depression, to non-adherence in some respondents while it facilitated medication adherence in others. A potential gender effect with respect to the self-management of OHA was observed. Non-distinctive factors include: beliefs about OHA, polypharmacy, beliefs about the course of diabetes, forgetfulness, the perception of the doctor's medical expertise, feelings of depression and social support. Conclusion. Health care providers should explore in detail and regularly patients' perspectives on illness beliefs, medication beliefs and their trust in doctors' medical expertise as this will provide useful starting points for promoting medication adherence. Whenever possible health care workers should engage with their patients in therapeutic alliances. PMID:24588791

Peeters, Bart; Van Tongelen, Inge; Duran, Zehra; Yüksel, Gülhan; Mehuys, Els; Willems, Sara; Remon, Jean Paul; Boussery, Koen

2015-02-01

364

Circadian variation of acute st segment elevation myocardial infarction by anatomic location in a Turkish cohort  

PubMed Central

Summary Background To evaluate the relationship between site of infarction (anterior vs. inferior) and circadian variation in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in a Turkish cohort. Material/Methods This restrospective study enrolled 465 patients (407 male, mean age 65±7 years) with STEMI. Patients were then categorised into 4 6-hour increments according to the time of day during which the symptoms began (12:00 AM–06:00 AM, 06:00 AM–12:00 PM; 12:00 PM–06:00 PM and 06:00 PM–12:00 AM hours). Characteristics of patients by site of infarction (anterior vs. inferior) were compared. Results The frequency of onset of acute anterior MI as determined by onset of pain demonstrated significant circadian variation among the 4 time periods, demonstrating bimodal peaks (afternoon and morning) and a trough between 06:00 PM to 06:00 AM. The incidence of occurrence of MI between 06:00 AM to 06:00 PM was 4.50 times that of the average frequency of the remaining 12 hours of the day. The frequency of onset of acute inferior MI as determined by onset of pain exhibited significant circadian variation among the 4 time periods, demonstrating bimodal peaks (midnight to 06:00 AM and 06:00 AM to noon) and a trough between noon to midnight. The incidence of occurrence of MI between midnight to noon was 4.25 times that of the average frequency of the remaining 12 hours of the day. Conclusions Different circadian periodicity in the time of onset of STEMI was found regarding infarction site in a Turkish cohort. This may be related to genetic and/or demographic characteristics of the Turkish population. PMID:21455107

Cel?k, Murat; Cel?k, Turgay; Iy?soy, Atila; Yuksel, Uygar Cagdas; Bugan, Baris; Dem?rkol, Sait; Kabul, Kutsi; Gokoglan, Yalcin; K?l?c, Selim

2011-01-01

365

An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites. PMID:18570568

Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

2008-05-01

366

Applicability of the Demirjian method for dental assessment of southern Turkish children.  

PubMed

Age-related legal problems are especially common in underdeveloped parts of Turkey. In terms of civil and criminal law, the ages from 13 years to 18 years are critical in our country. Estimation of age is a very significant in aspect of accordance with laws. The aims of this study were to evaluate the applicability and accuracy of the Demirjian technique for assessing southern Turkish children; to analyze the sexual dimorphism of dental age in the studied groups; and to define the relationship between the dental age and the degree of mineralization in mandibular permanent tooth in southern Turkish children. This study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 932 healthy southern Turkish children, 444 girls and 488 boys aged between 4 and 18 years. Statistical evaluations were performed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for Windows 13.0 software. The mean difference between dental and chronological age was calculated for each age and sex group. The paired t-test was used to compare all data. The chi-square test was used for between-group comparisons of categorical variables. Continuous variables were tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Relationships between continuous variables were examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. The same observer re-examined 700 teeth three months after the first examination. The results were evaluated with the intraclass correlation test and both measurements were statistically significantly similar with each other(R = 0.982, p = 0.0001). .Dental age (DA) and chronological age (CA) were consistent for boys in the 16-16.9 age group and for girls in the 9-9.9 and 15-15.9 age groups. From this study, we can conclude that dental age varies across ethnic populations. Additionally, dental maturation varies across different regions of the same country. Because Demirjian's standards are not suitable for all age groups of southern Turkish children, a new table is necessary for evaluating this population. Future studies using multi-ethnic population data are needed to establish the international applicability of Demirjian's method. PMID:24931852

Celik, Salih; Zeren, Cem; Celikel, Adnan; Yengil, Erhan; Altan, Ahmet

2014-07-01

367

Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.  

PubMed

This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

2013-04-01

368

The relation between genitourinary prolapse and joint hypermobility in Turkish women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  In this cross-sectional study, we compared frequency of hypermobility syndrome in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) patients and\\u000a normal healthy Turkish women.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Sixty-five women who had diagnosed as POP and ward to surgery and 52 healthy women with similar age group were included into\\u000a this study.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  It was found that subjects with POP had a significantly higher prevalence of joint hypermobility

Ali Aydeniz; Ebru Dikensoy; Bahar Cebesoy; Özlem Alt?nda?; Sava? Gürsoy; Özcan Balat

2010-01-01

369

College Science Teaching Changing to Mirror Real Science in Turkish Higher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College science is often poorly taught and it is rare that any consideration is given to the nine visions for reform of science teaching featured in the National Science Education Standards (NSES) (NRC 1996, p. 52). It is even more rare to see interdisciplinary science courses taught in colleges. At many universities, this is changing where there are Science-Technology-Society (STS) enthusiasts. For example, Clemson University (Cheek 2006) is struggling with developing such courses as part of their general education requirements for all undergraduates and similar changes are occurring in Turkish higher education.

Dogan, Alev; Kaya, Osman N.; Yager, Robert

2007-07-01

370

Ismail Be?ikçi: Turkish sociologist, critic of Kemalism, and kurdologist  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many years, Ismail Be•ikçi was the only non-Kurdish person in\\u000aTurkey to speak out loud and clearly in defense of the rights of the\\u000aKurds. No other writer in Turkish history has had to face such an\\u000aendless series of trials and prison sentences for almost every public\\u000autterance as Be•ikçi has. The odyssey of Be•ikçi's encounters with\\u000aTurkey's

M. M. van Bruinessen

2007-01-01

371

Isolation and Structure Elucidation of Novel Natural Products from Turkish Lichens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three natural products were isolated from three dierent Turkish lichens. Microbiological investiga- tions were also examined of these lichens. Compound 1 is known as 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-3,6-dimethyl benzoic acid, and is isolated from Pseudevernia furfuracea for the rst time. Compounds 2 and 3 are de- tected as new compounds and called, 3-acetyl-4-amino-2-chloro-1-(4-hydroxy-2-methoxy- 6-methylphenyl carbonyloxy) benzene and 2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-(5-oxo-4-phenyl-2,5-dihydro-2-furaniliden) acetic acid; they were isolated

Ulvi ZEYBEK

372

Low emittance lattice for the storage ring of Turkish Light Source Facility TURKAY  

E-print Network

Turkish Accelerator Center) project is aimed to build an accelerator center in Turkey. The first step of the project is to construct IR-FEL facility. The second stage is to build a synchrotron radiation facility named TURKAY, which is the third generation synchrotron radiation light source that aimed to achieve high brilliance photon beam from low emittance electron beam at 3 GeV. The electron beam parameters highly depend on the magnetic lattice of the storage ring. In this paper a low emittance storage ring for TURKAY is proposed and beam dynamic properties of the magnetic lattice are investigated.

Nergiz, Zafer

2014-01-01

373

[Turkish patient with syncope and accompanying vegetative symptoms with bradycardia after eating pontin honey].  

PubMed

A 52-year-old man with Turkish background presented with nausea, emesis, one experience of syncope with loss of consciousness for a few seconds, and documented sinus bradycardia. During monitoring, several phases of bradycardia were observed. After 24 h of monitoring, the patient was free of complaints. The patient's wife reported regular consumption of pontin honey. Because of the anamnesis and the typical characteristics, grayanotoxin poisoning was diagnosed. Typical symptoms of this poisoning are hypotension, bradycardia, syncope, and loss of consciousness. When these symptoms are found and a typical anamnesis exists, this kind of intoxication has to been taken into consideration as part of the differential diagnosis. PMID:25098436

Engel, P; Blank, R; Nalenz, C

2014-09-01

374

Turkish validation of the premature ejaculation diagnostic tool and its association with intravaginal ejaculatory latency time.  

PubMed

There are uncertain issues on the diagnostic methods of premature ejaculation (PE). The premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) was developed to systematically apply the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria in diagnosing PE and the aim of this study is to carry out the Turkish validation of the PEDT and to evaluate its association with intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT). A total of 94 patients with a self-reported complaint of PE and 88 men without PE were enrolled into the study and requested to complete the nine-item PEDT, which was translated into Turkish. The patients were also requested to measure IELT. All participants were requested to come for a second visit to assess the PEDT's retest reliability; data from 78 men in the PE group and 69 men in the control group were collected. The IELT data of 35 patients were also recorded. The mean age of the PE group and the control group were 39.4+/-9.7 (24-65) and 30.1+/-5.7 (20-56), respectively, (P=0.068). Among the patients in the PE group, 24 (68.5%) reported life-long PE, whereas 11 (31.5%) reported acquired PE. The geometric mean IELT of the PE group was 59.7+/-46.2 (6.5-197.7) s. The number of men reporting IELTs of <1, 1-<2 and >2 min were 20 (57.1%), 11 (31.5) and 4 (11.4%), respectively. The factor analysis assessment showed that the five-item combination (questions 1, 2, 3, 4 and 8) explained 74.4% of the variance, there were no other combinations that explained the variance more effectively. Cronbach's alpha score of five-item combination was calculated as 0.77, showing adequate internal consistency. The overall Cronbach's alpha score did not increase if any item combination was deleted. The test-retest correlation coefficients of each item were higher than 0.80 and the correlation coefficient of the total score was 0.90. The PEDT and IELT showed an adequate correlation (rho=0.44). As a conclusion, the validated five-item Turkish version of PEDT is a reliable questionnaire to screen PE among Turkish patients. Its significant association with IELT supports the fact that PEDT may be of benefit for the diagnosis of PE and measuring the response to treatment. In addition, PEDT seems to be more applicable than measuring IELT in our population, for the assessment of PE. PMID:19020523

Serefoglu, E C; Cimen, H I; Ozdemir, A T; Symonds, T; Berktas, M; Balbay, M D

2009-01-01

375

[Hospital schools during the Russian-Turkish War 1735-1739].  

PubMed

In 1733 besides the school before the Moscow hospital also three hospital schools were open before Saint-Petersburg terrestrial and admiralty hospitals and before the hospital in Kronshtadt. The process of transfer of students from schools to army was the most intensive during the military conflicts with that is rich Russian history in XVIII century. According to documents, presented in the article, during the Russian-Turkish War in 1735-1739 hospital schools worked active and discharged a task of recruiting of medical service of the Russian Army. The most important precondition was basis of military-medical education grounded by Peter at the beginning of XVIII century. PMID:23156118

Karpenko, I V

2012-09-01

376

Challenges in access to health services and its impact on quality of life: a randomised population-based survey within Turkish speaking immigrants in London  

PubMed Central

Background and aim There are a significant number of Turkish speaking immigrants living in London. Their special health issues including women's health, mental health, and alcohol and smoking habits has been assessed. The aim of this study was to explore the ongoing challenges in access to health care services and its impact on Quality of Life of immigrants. Material and methods This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted between March and August 2010 with Turkish immigrants (n = 416) living in London. Of these, 308 (74%) were Turkish and 108 (26%) were Turkish Cypriots. All healthy or unhealthy adults of 17-65 years of age were enrolled. A structured questionnaire with 44 items in five subcategories and 26-items WHOQOL BREF were used. Results Mean duration of stay for Turkish Cypriots (26.9 ± 13.9 years) was significantly longer than Turkish immigrants (13.3 ± 7.5) (p < 0.001). Turkish immigrants (n = 108, 36.5%) need interpretation more often when using health services than Turkish Cypriots (n = 16, 15%) (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses suggested significant effects of older age, non-homeownership, low socioeconomic class, poor access to health services, being ill, poor community integration and being obese on physical well-being and also significant effects of low income and poor community integration on perceived overall Quality of Life (WHOQOL) of the participants. Conclusions The results of this study demonstrate how the health and well-being of members of the Turkish speaking community living in London are affected by social aspects of their lives. Providing culturally competent care and interpretation services and advocacy may improve the accessibility of the health care. PMID:22280521

2012-01-01

377

Development of dental charts according to tooth development and eruption for Turkish children and young adults  

PubMed Central

Purpose In this study, we aimed to develop dental charts for Turkish children and young adults of both genders within the age group of 4.5-22.5 years according to tooth mineralization and eruption in a format similar to that proposed by AlQahtani et al. Materials and Methods In total, 753 digital panoramic radiographs from 350 males and 403 females were assessed. The permanent teeth were evaluated according to the classification system described by Demirjian et al. The eruption stage was assessed with Bengston's system, which was modified by AlQahtani et al at four points. Results Teeth generally developed earlier in females than in males. This was particularly notable in the age group of 5-14 years. However, this difference was usually visible in only one stage, not in all teeth. It has been determined that the mixed dentition period ended with the shedding of the second deciduous molars in both genders. Conclusion The dental charts presented here included information that could be beneficial to dental clinicians in making appropriate diagnosis and planning orthodontic and surgical procedures. These charts also provided datasets for preliminary dental age estimation in Turkish children and young adults. PMID:24944959

Afsin, Huseyin; Ozaslan, Abdi; Karaday?, Sukriye

2014-01-01

378

Application of Rasch analysis to Turkish version of ECOS-16 questionnaire.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to reevaluate validity of Turkish version of the ECOS-16 questionnaire by using Rasch analysis in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. ECOS-16 (Assessment of health related quality of life in osteoporosis) is a quality of life questionnaire, which is convenient for measuring the quality of life of post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. 132 post-menopausal women with osteoporosis who attended Uludag Universtity, Atatürk Rehabilitation and Research Center between January 2010 and March 2011 were included in this study. The subjects filled out Turkish version of ECOS-16 questionnaire by themselves. The Rasch model was used for assessing construct validity of ECOS-16 data. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The mean infit and outfit mean square (z std) were found as 1.08 (0.1) and 1.02 (-0.1), respectively. The separation indices for the item and person were found as 7.72 and 3.13; the separation reliabilities were 0.98 and 0.91, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was found as 0.90. The construct validity of ECOS-16 questionnaire was assessed by Rasch analysis. PMID:24992253

Karadeniz, Pinar Gunel; Bekiroglu, Nural; Ercan, Ilker; Altan, Lale

2014-01-01

379

Insecticidal activity of fatty acid-rich Turkish bryophyte extracts against Sitophilus granarius (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).  

PubMed

The composition of fatty acids and insecticidal effects was performed for the Turkish mosses Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme, Polytrichastrum formosum, Homalothecium lutescens and the Turkish liverwort Conocephalum conicum. All structures were determined by means of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques. The determination of fatty acids was done using a simple and mild method that utilized different solvent extractions ranging from nonpolar to polar solvents (hexane, dichloromethane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively), and the samples were powdered with and without liquid nitrogen. The correlations between the saturated and unsaturated fatty acid contents depending on the solvent polarity and their crushing process by liquid nitrogen were observed. The insecticidal activity of the bryophytes was analyzed by using the methanol, hexane and esterified methanol extracts. The hexane extracts of Polytrichastrum formosum showed the highest insecticidal activity (70.33%) against Sitophilus granarius. Contact toxicity activities of lauric, myristic and palmitic acids besides single dose studies of the solvent extracts were carried out. The highest mortality rate (53.34%) was obtained from the myristic acid among the tested pure fatty acids. The activities of palmitic and lauric acids were 17.75% and 4.32%, respectively. PMID:24050694

Abay, Gokhan; Altun, Muhammed; Karakoç, Ömer Cem; Gül, Fatih; Demirtas, Ibrahim

2013-12-01

380

Risk factors and clinical profiles in Turkish children with cerebral palsy: analysis of 625 cases.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors, clinical profiles and gross motor function levels of Turkish children with cerebral palsy (CP). A total of 625 consecutive children with CP, who were rehabilitated in the pediatrics rehabilitation clinic between 2000 and 2004 years, were included. Factors causing CP were investigated by interviewing the families and by scanning medical files. Risk factors were recorded as consanguineous marriage, maternal disorder, preterm birth, birth asphyxia, low birth weight, multiple pregnancy, neonatal convulsion, kernicterus, postnatal central nervous system infection and brain injury. Swedish classification was followed in CP typing. Of 625 children with CP, 370 (59.2%) were males and 255 (40.8%) were females, with ages ranging between 2 and 13 years (the mean age was 5.11+/-2.19 years). It was determined that 47.8% of the cases were spastic diplegic CP, 27.7% were spastic tetraplegic CP, 12.8% spastic hemiplegic CP and 11.7% were other types (ataxic, dyskinetic and mixed CP types). The most frequently encountered risk factors were low birth weight (45.1%), preterm birth (40.5%), birth asphyxia (34.6%) and consanguineous marriage (23.8%). Low birth weight, preterm birth, birth asphyxia and consanguineous marriage were top-ranked risk factors that were determined in Turkish children with CP. Compared with other countries, consanguineous marriage is still an important problem in Turkey. PMID:18277211

Erkin, Gulten; Delialioglu, Sibel Unsal; Ozel, Sumru; Culha, Canan; Sirzai, Hulya

2008-03-01

381

[Is Turkish bath water potable?: The baths of Sidi-Bel-Abbes].  

PubMed

In Algeria, large numbers of people regularly go to Turkish baths or "Hammams". The cold tap water of the baths in the town of Sidi-Bel-Abbes (Algeria) comes either from wells or from a mixture of potable waterworks water and well water. Its principal use is for personal hygiene (washing). However, the steam heat generates thirst that can cause users to drink cold water during the steam bath. In addition, the wells feeding the baths are often poorly protected and especially badly treated. To ascertain whether their water quality, particularly bacteriological, meets the requirements for drinking water, we studied the characteristics of water from ten Turkish baths in Sidi-Bel-Abbes. Bacteriological analyses of cold water showed signs of contamination of fecal origin in 50% of the samples analysed. Moreover two water points from two of the baths appeared to have permanent fecal contamination. The physicochemical analysis showed that the water was very high in calcium (up to 550 mg/L) and magnesium (up to 299 mg/L). The maximum nitrate level observed was 68 mg/L. This study thus showed the existence of a health risk due to deterioration in the quality of the bath water and demonstrated the need for protection of the wells, frequent purification, and regular microbiological testing. PMID:19188127

Benouis, K; Benabderrahmane, M; Harrache-Chettouh, Djamila; Benabdeli, K

2008-01-01

382

Patients' knowledge and awareness of dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients' knowledge on dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five hundred twenty seven Turkish adults referred to Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey, were presented with a questionnaire including 20 questions regarding the level of information and awareness about the dental implants. The data were collected and statistical analyses were performed with Chi square test to compare the descriptive data. RESULTS Among 527 subjects, 54% were female and 46% were male with a mean age of 42.2 years. The rate of patients' implant awareness was 27.7%. When the patients were questioned about the treatment options for rehabilitation of tooth missing, 60.9% of patients were informed about fixed partial denture, followed by conventional complete denture (32.5%) and removable partial denture (24.9%). Six percent reported that they were very well informed about the dental implants whereas 48.2% were poorly informed. The information sources of the implants were from the dentist (44.5%), printed media (31.6%) and friends and acquaintances (17.3%), respectively. Sixteen percent of the population believed that their implants would last forever. CONCLUSION The dentists should give more detailed information to the patients about dental implants and tooth-supported fixed partial dentures in the future. PMID:24843399

Ozcak?r Tomruk, Ceyda; Sencift, Kemal

2014-01-01

383

The benefits of being bilingual: Working memory in bilingual Turkish-Dutch children.  

PubMed

Whether bilingual children outperform monolingual children on visuospatial and verbal working memory tests was investigated. In addition, relations among bilingual proficiency, language use at home, and working memory were explored. The bilingual Turkish-Dutch children (n=68) in this study were raised in families with lower socioeconomic status (SES) and had smaller Dutch vocabularies than Dutch monolingual controls (n=52). Having these characteristics, they are part of an under-researched bilingual population. It was found that the bilingual Turkish-Dutch children showed cognitive gains in visuospatial and verbal working memory tests when SES and vocabulary were controlled, in particular on tests that require processing and not merely storage. These findings converge with recent studies that have revealed bilingual cognitive advantages beyond inhibition, and they support the hypothesis that experience with dual language management influences the central executive control system that regulates processing across a wide range of task demands. Furthermore, the results show that bilingual cognitive advantages are found in socioeconomically disadvantaged bilingual populations and suggest that benefits to executive control are moderated by bilingual proficiency. PMID:25160938

Blom, Elma; Küntay, Aylin C; Messer, Marielle; Verhagen, Josje; Leseman, Paul

2014-12-01

384

Exploring the factors contributing to empowerment of Turkish migrant women in the UK.  

PubMed

This study examined the role of demographic factors (length of stay, education and language level), perceived discrimination, social support, four acculturation attitudes, and psychological distress in predicting empowerment among Turkish migrant women in the UK. The study sample comprised 248 Turkish migrant women (mean age: 34.38; SD: 7.6) living in London. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess empowerment, social support, acculturation attitude and psychological distress. The study hypothesized that perceived discrimination; acculturation attitudes of separation, assimilation and marginalization; and psychological distress would be negative predictors of empowerment and that social support and an integration acculturation attitude would be positive predictors of empowerment. To some extent, the study findings supported this hypothesis. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated psychological distress to be the most significant predictor of empowerment, with other significant predictors including level of education and social support. More specifically, lower levels of psychological distress and higher levels of education and social support appeared to predict greater empowerment. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that level of education and social support may function as protective factors and that psychological distress may function as a risk factor for empowerment in the migration context. The paper discusses the findings of this study in relation to the previous literature and notes their implications for future research and practice. PMID:22044235

Cakir, S Gulfem; Yerin Guneri, Oya

2011-06-01

385

Scoliosis, blindness and arachnodactyly in a large Turkish family: is it a new syndrome?  

PubMed

In this report we have described an affected sib in a large Turkish family who appears to have a new distinct dominantly-inherited blindness, scoliosis and arachnodactyly syndrome. The combination of clinical abnormalities in these patients did not initially suggest Marfan syndrome or other connective tissue disorders associated with ectopia lentis. The proband was a 16-year-old boy who was referred to our clinics for scoliosis. He had arachnodactyly of both fingers and toes. He had been suffering from progressive visual loss and strabismus since he was eight-years-old. His 20-year-old brother had severe kyphoscoliosis, and arachnodactyly of fingers and toes. He was 130 cm tall and was bilaterally blind. His 23-year-old sister had only eye findings but no arachnodactyly or scoliosis. His 60-year-old father had mild scoliosis, blindness and arachnodactyly and mother was normal. We performed routine mutation analyses in the genes FBN1, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2, but no mutation has been detected. Our Turkish patients are most likely affected by a hitherto unrecorded condition which is caused by an autosomal dominant gene defect with variable expression but we can not exclude multigenic inheritance. Further studies are needed to assess the contribution of sex influence to the syndrome because the female relative is less affected. PMID:18990988

Dundar, M; Erkilic, K; Argun, M; Caglayan, A O; Comeglio, P; Koseoglu, E; Matyas, G; Child, A H

2008-01-01

386

Psychological well-being, health, and stress sources in Turkish dental students.  

PubMed

This study investigated the psychological well-being and overall health of a group of Turkish dental students and their sources of stress. Two hundred and seventy-seven students (57 percent female) from Gazi University Dental Faculty completed the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire, the Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) index, and the SF-36 Health Survey. The results showed that the DES scores increased over the five-year period. Pressure to perform, faculty and administration, workload, and students' perceptions of their self-efficacy were the most stress-provoking factors. Students whose first choice was dentistry experienced less stress and fewer health problems (p<0.05) than students whose first choice had not been dentistry. Psychological well-being and overall health were significantly associated with year of study. Statistically significant gender differences were observed on depressed mood and anxiety dimension scores of PGWB. Female students experienced greater stress than males, while male students had better overall health than females (p<0.01). Students who lived with their parents had lower PGWB scores (p<0.05). Age was significantly related with the DES and PGWB scores. These results found that stress among these Turkish dental students was influenced by gender, year of study, social background, and lifestyle. Based on the results of this study, recommendations can be made for changes in the dental education system in order to reduce stress among dental students especially during the last two years of study. PMID:24098039

Uraz, Ahu; Tocak, Yasemin Sezgin; Yozgatligil, Ceylan; Cetiner, Sedat; Bal, Belgin

2013-10-01

387

Removal of ammonium ion from aqueous solution by natural Turkish (Yildizeli) zeolite for environmental quality.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to investigate the removal efficiency of ammonium (NH(4)(+)) ion from aqueous solution using the natural Turkish (Yildizeli) zeolite and to characterize equilibrium isotherms. Experiments were carried out using batch method as a function of the solution pH, shaking time, dosage of adsorbent, and temperature. All these factors affected NH(4)(+) ion removal from aqueous solution. Equilibrium modelling data were fitted to linear Langmuir and Freundlich models. Dubinin-Redushckevich (D-R) isotherm was applied to describe the nature of ion exchange of NH(4)(+) and found that it occurred physically. Thermodynamics parameters such as change in free energy (DeltaG degrees ), enthalpy (DeltaH degrees ) and entropy (DeltaS degrees ) were also calculated. These parameters confirmed that ion exchange of NH(4)(+) by the zeolite was feasible, spontaneous and exothermic in nature. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the natural Turkish (Yildizeli) zeolite is suitable for the removal of NH(4)(+) ions in wastewater treatments and agricultural purposes to in terms of sustainability of environmental quality. PMID:16930832

Saltali, Kadir; Sari, Ahmet; Aydin, Mehmet

2007-03-01

388

Investigation of major international and Turkish companies via hierarchical methods and bootstrap approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a study, within the scope of econophysics, of the hierarchical structure of 98 among the largest international companies including 18 among the largest Turkish companies, namely Banks, Automobile, Software-hardware, Telecommunication Services, Energy and the Oil-Gas sectors, viewed as a network of interacting companies. We analyze the daily time series data of the Boerse-Frankfurt and Istanbul Stock Exchange. We examine the topological properties among the companies over the period 2006-2010 by using the concept of hierarchical structure methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and the hierarchical tree (HT)). The period is divided into three subperiods, namely 2006-2007, 2008 which was the year of global economic crisis, and 2009-2010, in order to test various time-windows and observe temporal evolution. We carry out bootstrap analyses to associate the value of statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We also use average linkage clustering analysis (ALCA) in order to better observe the cluster structure. From these studies, we find that the interactions among the Banks/Energy sectors and the other sectors were reduced after the global economic crisis; hence the effects of the Banks and Energy sectors on the correlations of all companies were decreased. Telecommunication Services were also greatly affected by the crisis. We also observed that the Automobile and Banks sectors, including Turkish companies as well as some companies from the USA, Japan and Germany were strongly correlated with each other in all periods.

Kantar, E.; Deviren, B.; Keskin, M.

2011-11-01

389

Opinions of Turkish physicians towards termination of pregnancy for fetal disorders.  

PubMed

Termination of pregnancy (ToP) raises ethical dilemmas. Although ToP for fetal disorders is commonly approved by health professionals, their opinions and attitudes are influenced by a diversity of cultural contexts. The aim of the study is to investigate Turkish physicians' opinions on ToP for fetal disease and the hypothesis is that their opinions are influenced by whether they face any disabilities of affected children or not. We aimed to survey by a questionnaire the opinions of Turkish physicians towards ToP for untreatable fetal disorders. A group of 250 subjects was included in the study. Physicians' approval of parents' decision for ToP was higher for disorders that they encounter more frequently during their daily work. Their opinions were not statistically different when compared for gender and marital status, however, having children of their own caused significant differences for some of the disorders. Approximately 65% of the participants responded that families alone should have the right to decide on ToP. The results confirm that health professionals may have differences in perception of severity of diseases, based on their clinical experience. Physicians encountering affected children more likely approve ToP for that particular disease. PMID:22303801

Utine, G E; Kiper, P O; Salanci, B V; Alanay, Y; Akta?, D; Alika?ifo?lu, M; Boduro?lu, K; Tunçbilek, E

2011-01-01

390

Recognition of Turkish Vowels by Probabilistic Neural Networks Using Yule-Walker AR Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, recognition of vowels in Turkish Language by probabilistic neural networks is implemented using a spectral analysis method. Power spectral density of the phones obtained from speakers is estimated. Then weighted power spectrum is calculated after power spectral density of that phone is passed through a number of band pass filters. In this way, estimated power spectrums of the phones which are obtained from speakers approximate to a mel scale. Mel scale coefficients obtained, form the feature vector of the phone that is pronounced. These feature vectors constitute the database of the related speaker. Thus and so, every speaker has its own database. When it comes to recognize a phone pronounced by a speaker later, a probabilistic neural network model is created using the database belonging to that speaker. The feature vector of the phone which is to be recognized is computed as mentioned above. In this study, speaker-dependent recognition of Turkish vowels has been realized with an accuracy rate of over 95 percent.

Yavuz, Erdem; Topuz, Vedat

391

Adult height in Turkish patients with Turner syndrome without growth hormone treatment.  

PubMed

Spontaneous adult height (AH) in Turner syndrome (TS) varies among populations. Population-specific AH data is essential to assess the efficacy of growth-promoting therapies in TS. A multicenter study was performed to establish AH of nongrowth hormone (GH)-treated Turkish patients with TS. One hundred ten patients with TS (diagnosed by karyotype) who reached AH (no growth in the previous year, or bone age > 15 years) without receiving GH treatment were included in the study. The average AH was found to be 141.6 +/- 7.0 cm at the age of 22.9 +/- 6.2 years, which is 18.4 cm below the population average and 16.4 cm below the patients' mid-parental heights. Bone age at start of estrogen replacement was 12.3 +/- 1.3 year. Karyotype distribution of the patients was 45X (43%), 45X/46XX (16%), 45X/46Xi (12%), 45XiXq (10%) and others (19%). When the patients were evaluated according to their karyotype as 45X and non-45X, no significant difference in AH was observed (142.4 +/- 6.9 cm vs 140.9 +/- 7.1 cm, respectively). Adult height of non-GH-treated Turkish TS patients obtained in this study was comparable to that of other Mediterranean populations, but shorter than that of Northern European patients. Karyotype does not seem to affect AH in TS. PMID:19102043

Bereket, Abdullah; Turan, Serap; Elçio?lu, Nursel; Hacihanefio?lu, Seniha; Memio?lu, Nihal; Ba?, Firdevs; Bundak, Rüveyde; Darendeliler, Feyza; Günöz, Hülya; Saka, Nurçin; Ercan, Oya; Arslano?lu, Ilknur; I?güven, Pinar; Yildiz, Metin; Can, Sule; Ozerkan, Ebru; Coker, Mahmut; Darcan, Sükran; Ozkan, Behzat; Orbak, Zerrin; Ozta?, Sitki; Palandüz, Sükrü; Sezgin, Ilhan; Atabek, Emre; Erkul, Ibrahim; Erdo?an, Gürbüz

2008-01-01

392

Investigation of third molar impaction in Turkish orthodontic patients: Prevalence, depth and angular positions  

PubMed Central

Objective: We aimed to investigate the prevalence, distribution, angular position, and depth of third molar impaction in a Turkish orthodontic patient population. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the panoramic radiographs, intraoral photographs, and dental casts of 207 patients (62 men and 145 women; age 20-39 years) who had undergone orthodontic treatment at a university department of orthodontics for impacted third molars (ITMs). A comprehensive chart review of all subjects was conducted. Patient and treatment-related data were recorded in a digital database for comparative analysis. Results: The prevalence of ITMs was 54.1%, and no statistically significant gender differences were evident (61.3% in men and 51.0% in women; P = 0.23). The frequency of maxillary ITMs was 49.3% (148 of 300 teeth) while that of mandibular ITMs was 50.7% (152 of 300 teeth). The most frequently observed angulations of impaction were mesioangular for the mandible (65.1%), and distoangular for the maxilla (64.2%). Of all the ITMs analysed, 61% were partially buried in bone and 39% were completely buried. Conclusions: Third molar impaction was evident in 54.1% of a group of Turkish orthodontic patients aged 20-39 years, and there was no statistically significant gender bias. Mesioangular and distoangular inclinations were the most common in the mandible and the maxilla, respectively. PMID:24966737

Topkara, Ahu; Sari, Zafer

2013-01-01

393

A model linking sources of stress to approach and avoidance coping styles of Turkish basketball referees.  

PubMed

Purpose of this study was to externally validate and test a conceptual transient model involving six paths that linked sources of acute stress to avoidance and approach coping styles among Turkish basketball referees. The sample consisted of 125 Turkish basketball referees ranging in age from 18 to 36 years (mean = 25.58. ? = 3.69). The path analysis tested the relationships simultaneously from stressors, in consecutive order, distractions, subpar performance and verbal abuse, to coping styles, first both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive, and then approach-behaviour. Results indicated that the model achieved a good fit and that all paths tested simultaneously were significant. The distractions stressor was positively related to subpar performance, which, in turn, was positively related to verbal abuse. Verbal abuse was negatively associated with an avoidance-cognitive coping style and positively related to the approach-cognitive coping style. The results also supported a crossover effect of both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive on approach-behaviour. One implication of this study is that coping should be studied in naturally occurring stages, a process-oriented approach. Another implication is that approach and avoidance coping styles, each sub-divided into cognitive and behavioural categories, provide a meaningful framework which provides sports officials a coherent structure for learning and improving ways to cope with acute stress experienced during the contest. PMID:24015999

Anshel, Mark Howard; Sutarso, Toto; Ekmekci, Ridvan; Saraswati, Intan W

2014-01-01

394

Intimate Partner Acceptance, Parental Acceptance in Childhood, and Psychological Adjustment Among Turkish Adults in Ongoing Attachment Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing stimulus from a central postulate in parental acceptance-rejection theory, this study explored relations among perceived partner acceptance, remembrances of parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance in childhood, and the psychological adjustment of 681 Turkish adults in ongoing attachment relationships. Five self-report questionnaires were used to assess adults' perceptions of partner acceptance, remembrances of parental acceptance in childhood, and adults' psychological

Azmi Varan; Ronald P. Rohner; Gül Eryuksel

2008-01-01

395

Marine natural products from the Turkish sponge Agelas oroides that inhibit the enoyl reductases from Plasmodium falciparum,  

E-print Network

Marine natural products from the Turkish sponge Agelas oroides that inhibit the enoyl reductases acid pathway (FAS-II) is a validated target for antimicrobial drug discovery. An activity-guided isola of their key roles in membrane construction and energy production. FAs are synthesized via a re- peated cycle

Rüedi, Peter

396

Benefit and Adherence of the Disease Management Program "Diabetes 2": A Comparison of Turkish Immigrants and German Natives with Diabetes  

PubMed Central

There is an ongoing debate about equity and equality in health care, and whether immigrants benefit equally from services as the non-immigrant population. The study focuses on benefits from and adherence to the diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM 2) disease management program (DMP) among Turkish immigrants in Germany. So far, it has not been researched whether this group benefits from enrollment in the DMP as well as diabetics from the non-immigrant population. Data on the non-immigrant sample (N = 702) stem from a survey among members of a German health insurance, the Turkish immigrant sample (N = 102) was recruited in the area of Hamburg. Identical questions in both surveys enable comparing major components. Regarding process quality, Turkish diabetics do not differ from the non-immigrant sample; moreover, they have significantly more often received documentation and diabetes training. In terms of outcome quality however, results display a greater benefit on behalf of the non-immigrant sample (e.g., blood parameters and body mass index), and they also met more of the DMP criteria. This underlines the need of diabetics with Turkish background for further education and information in order to become the empowered patient as is intended by the DMP as well as to prevent comorbidities. PMID:25233016

Makowski, Anna Christin; Kofahl, Christopher

2014-01-01

397

The Examination of Video as Mass Media in Turkish Society. Summary of the Final Report. Anadolu University Publications No. 249.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the growth of videocassette recorder (VCR) technology and its use by Turkish audiences, and attempts to analyze both the socioeconomic background and video viewing habits of a target population. The first of two sections provides information on video technology and its use through a review of relevant literature, including a…

Barkan, Murat, Comp.; And Others

398

Constructing Identities: The Ethno-National and Nationalistic Identities of White and Turkish Students in Two English Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates how 15-year-old white and Turkish students in two Inner London comprehensive schools, one in a predominantly working-class area (Millroad School) and the other in a more middle-class environment (Darwin School), construct their identities. Drawing on mainly qualitative data from documentary sources, focus groups and…

Faas, Daniel

2008-01-01

399

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Form of Technology-Rich Outcome-Focused Learning Environment Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a Turkish adaptation of Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) which was developed by Aldridge, Dorman, and Fraser. A sample of 985 students from 16 high schools (Grades 9-12) participated in the study. Translation process followed…

Cakir, Mustafa

2011-01-01

400

Adaptation of the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills to Turkish Children Aged 61 to 72 Months  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is s to adapt and apply t the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills (K-SEALS) to Turkish children in the city of Ankara. In the study, a descriptive screening model was used. The population of the study consisted of children who showed normal developmental characteristics and who were enrolled at public…

Uyanik, Ozgun; Kandir, Adalet

2014-01-01

401

A Proposal of "Applied Social Activities" Module for Undergraduate Program of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, it was aimed to determine the views on the contributions provided for the prospective teachers with the course of Applied Social Activities suggested to be in the undergraduate program of the Turkish Language and Literature Teaching. A qualitative research method was used in order to evaluate the views of prospective teachers about…

Sarac, Cemal

2011-01-01

402

A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

Yigiter, Korkmaz

2014-01-01

403

AN INVESTIGATION INTO PRIMARY LEVEL MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE AND TURKISH TEACHER CAND?DATES' LEARNING STYLES AND PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to determine Primary Mathematic, Science and Turkish teacher candidates' problem solving skills and learning styles. The study was performed as a descriptive study. Problem Solving Inventory and Kolb Learning Style Inventory were used as collecting tool. The sample of the study was chosen 183 teacher candidates by using random sampling method from Primary Mathematic,

Hadiye KÜÇÜKKARAGÖZ; Esen ERSOY

404

Age-Related Changes in the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Performances of 8- to 11YearOld Turkish Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leading aim of the present study was to examine developmental trends in performance on a computerized version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in Turkish children. Participants were 449 children aged between 8 and 11. Findings suggested that children's WCST scores improve with age, and developmental changes in executive functions follow distinct processes as assessed by different components

Nur Yeniceri; Ayse Altan-Atalay

2011-01-01

405

A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

Demir, Tazegul

2013-01-01

406

Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

2013-01-01

407

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

408

Efficiency of the Technology Acceptance Model to Explain Pre-Service Teachers' Intention to Use Technology: A Turkish Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficiency of the technology acceptance model (TAM) to explain pre-service teachers' intention to use technology in Turkey. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 197 pre-service teachers from a Turkish university completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to four constructs…

Teo, Timothy; Ursavas, Omer Faruk; Bahcekapili, Ekrem

2011-01-01

409

Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

Basbagi, R. Ragip

2012-01-01

410

Effects of the Original versus Revised Bloom's Taxonomy on Lesson Planning Skills: A Turkish Study among Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The original taxonomy of educational objectives, developed by Benjamin S. Bloom and his associates in the 1950s, was revised several decades later by a group of educationists and cognitive psychologists, who developed a revised taxonomy (RT). This article describes a Turkish study carried out among a group of pre-service teachers in order to…

Bumen, Nilay T.

2007-01-01

411

Verbal short-term memory and vocabulary development in monolingual Dutch and bilingual Turkish-Dutch preschoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With increasing immigration, bilingualism has become part and parcel of the everyday lives of many children. Although research indicates that under favourable circumstances bilingual children can become balanced bilinguals, especially immigrant children seem to have difficulty coping with the language of schooling. In the current thesis, 67 Turkish-Dutch immigrant children and 72 Dutch native speakers were followed during their kindergarten

M. H. Messer

2010-01-01

412

The place and meaning of the field of PE in Turkish young people's lives: a study using Bourdieu's conceptual tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on Bourdieu's notions of habitus, social field, and capital to provide a more complex examination of the place and meaning of physical education in Turkish young people's lives. Two secondary schools comprised of students from quite distinctive social, cultural, and geographical locations were involved in the study. Collected data from several focus group discussions, individual interviews, and

Canan Koca; Matthew Atencio; Giyasettin Demirhan

2009-01-01

413

Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to extensively examine the psychometric properties of adapted version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in different Turkish samples. In order to test the psychometric properties of the SWLS three separate and independent samples are utilized in this study, namely university students (n = 547), correctional officers (n =…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Gencoz, Tulin

2010-01-01

414

An exploratory analysis of the influence of human resource management activities and organizational climate on job satisfaction in Turkish banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore the influence of human resource management (HRM) activities and organizational climate on job satisfaction in Turkish banks. The study first examines the relative influence of eight HRM activities of: (i) behavior and attitudes (in recruitment and selection); (ii) teamwork; (iii) extensive training; (iv) written policies; (v) training in multiple functions; (vi) incentives; (vii) performance appraisal;

Nihat Kaya; Erdogan Koc; Demet Topcu

2010-01-01

415

The Effects of a Couple Communication Program on the Conflict Resolution Skills and Active Conflict Tendencies of Turkish Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the announcement that a Couple Communication Program was to be held at the Ondokuz Mayis University Permanent Education Center, the Active Conflict Subscale of the Conflict Tendency Scale (Dokmen, 1989) and Conflict Resolution Scale (Akbal?k, 2001) were administered to 122 Turkish couples who volunteered to participate. The 40 couples with the worst test scores were randomized into study and

Tevfik Fikret Karahan

2009-01-01

416

Effectiveness of an intercultural module added to the treatment guidelines for Moroccan and Turkish patients with depressive and anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Since the sixties of the last century, many people from Morocco and Turkey have migrated into the Netherlands. In the last decade, Moroccan and Turkish patients have found their way to organizations for mental health care. However, they often drop out of treatment. Problems in the communication with therapists and different expectations regarding treatment seem to be causal factors

Annelies van Loon; Digna JF van Schaik; Jack J Dekker; Aartjan TF Beekman

2011-01-01

417

Language Learning Activities of Distance EFL Learners in the Turkish Open Education System as the Indicator of Their Learner Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the noncompulsory language learning activities performed by a group of distance EFL learners in the Turkish Open Education System. Performance of these activities has been considered as an indicator of their learner autonomy. The data were collected through an online questionnaire and interviews. The study shows that in…

Altunay, Dilek

2013-01-01

418

The Children of Guest Workers: Comparative Analysis of Scholastic Achievement of Pupils of Turkish Origin throughout Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the integration of Turkish labour migrant children in four countries across Europe in terms of their educational performance. By looking at the PISA 2003 (Programme for International Student Assessment) data pertaining to mathematics achievement of 15-year-olds, it explores the effects of ethnicity, gender and family…

Pasztor, Adel

2008-01-01

419

The Effects of Counsellor Gender and Problem Type on Help-Seeking Attitudes among Turkish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores gender differences in help-seeking attitudes and the effects of counsellor gender and problem type on those attitudes among Turkish high school students. The Attitudes towards Seeking Help Scale and a survey instrument concerning related factors were administered to 342 adolescents. ANOVAs show that male and female…

Yilmaz-Gozu, Hamide

2013-01-01

420

A Comparison of Problem Behavior Profiles in Turkish Children with AD/HD and Non-AD/HD Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: There is an increasing number of studies describing the symptoms of ADHD among school-age children in western cultures. Yet, studies on children with ADHD living in non-western cultures are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare problem behavior profiles of Turkish children with AD/HD and non-AD/HD children. Method:…

Ozdemir, Selda

2010-01-01

421

Psychological wellbeing of Turkish university students with physical impairments: An evaluation within the stress-vulnerability paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally, universities in developing countries offer little in the way of provisions and support (material, emotional, etc.) for disabled students. Therefore, disabled students experience considerable burdens and barriers in their educational life. This study investigated the psychological wellbeing of disabled Turkish university students by examining influences on stress-related growth and psychological distress. Disability is defined within the framework of a

Mujde Koca-Atabey; A. Nuray Karanci; Gulay Dirik; Deniz Aydemir

2011-01-01

422

Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: A Perspective of Pre-Service Teachers from a Turkish Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teaching is a nation-building profession, the career motivations of pre-service teachers are worth exploring. This study examines the career motivations of 283 Turkish pre-service teachers who have chosen teaching as a career. Accordingly, they were asked questions about deciding to teach, career perceptions, and major expectations. A profile…

Yüce, Kemal; Sahin, Esin Y.; Koçer, Ömer; Kana, Fatih

2013-01-01

423

Are We There Yet? A Progress Report from Three Turkish University Pioneers in Distance Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international literature provides little in-depth analysis of distance education and e-learning activities, achievements, and challenges in Turkish higher education other than the country's mega-university, Anadolu. This paper examines the development of, and lessons to be learned from, such undertakings by three pioneers--two regular state…

Latchem, Colin; Simsek, Nurettin; Balta, Ozlem Cakir; Torkul, Orhan; Cedimoglu, I. Hakki; Altunkopru, Alpaslan

2009-01-01

424

Effects of Screencasting on the Turkish Undergraduate Students' Achievement and Knowledge Acquisitions in Spreadsheet Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of screencasts on the Turkish undergraduate students' achievement and knowledge acquisitions in spreadsheet applications. The methodology of the study is based on a pretest-posttest experimental design with a control group. A total of 66 undergraduate students in two groups (n = 33 in…

Tekinarslan, Erkan

2013-01-01

425

Gender Differences in Turkish Primary Students' Images of Astronomical Scientists: A Preliminary Study with 21st Century Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the images of astronomical scientists held by Turkish primary students by gender. The Draw an Astronomical Scientist Test was administered to 472 students from an urban area. A Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to test for statistically significant differences between gender groups. Significant differences were found…

Korkmaz, Hunkar

2009-01-01

426

Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

2011-01-01

427

Development of a Personality Test Battery to be Used in Officer Selection in the Turkish Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is an earlier step in the development of a personality test battery to be used in the selection of officers recruited from outside sources in the Turkish Armed Forces. Prior to this study, five personality dimensions were identified as being re...

H. C. Sumer, K. Demirutku, N. Sahin, N. Sahin, N. Sumer

2000-01-01

428

Influence of Gender, Program of Study and PC Experience on Unethical Computer Using Behaviors of Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205-215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an…

Akbulut, Y.; Uysal, O.; Odabasi, H. F.; Kuzu, A.

2008-01-01

429

The Cultural Orientations of Entrepreneurs and Employees' Job Satisfaction: The Turkish Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether cultural orientations which were pervasive and salient in the society of SMEs' entrepreneurs predict employees' job satisfaction. Paternalism, collectivism, individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance were assessed as pervasive and salient attributes for Turkish society. Data were…

Yetim, Nalan; Yetim, Unsal

2006-01-01

430

Turkish Pre-Service Science and Mathematics Teachers' Computer Related Self-Efficacies, Attitudes, and the Relationship between These Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish pre-service science and mathematics teachers' computer self-efficacies (CSEs) and computer attitude (CA) considering gender, year in program, and computer ownership as independent variables. Additionally the study aimed to examine the relationship between CSE and CA. Computer Self-efficacy Scale…

Pamuk, Savas; Peker, Deniz

2009-01-01

431

The Comparative Effects of Processing Instruction and Dictogloss on the Acquisition of the English Passive by Speakers of Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study presents the results of an experiment investigating the effects of processing instruction (PI) and dictogloss (DG) on the acquisition of the English passive voice. Sixty speakers of Turkish studying English at university level were assigned to three groups: one receiving PI, the other receiving DG and the third serving as a…

Uludag, Onur; Vanpatten, Bill

2012-01-01

432

A comparision of new Turkish thermal insulation standard (TS 825), ISO 9164, EN 832 and German regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the most common characteristic of all regulations and buildings is that heat energy requirement of a building is calculated and evaluated for the whole building, not as a sum of those for individual building components. In this paper, first, the recently revised Turkish standard is described in general, and then compared with the ISO 9164, EN 832 and the

Sukran Dilmac; Nilgün Kesen

2003-01-01

433

Are causes of police stress global? : Testing the effects of common police stressors on the Turkish National Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to assess the effects of commonly examined police stressors' on the members of a developing country's centralized police department: Turkish National Police (TNP). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is based on a data collected through a self-administered survey among the members of the TNP during the summer of 2005 (n=812). Using multivariate level OLS regression models,

Hasan Buker; Filip Wiecko

2007-01-01

434

Effects of the Professional Development Program on Turkish Teachers: Technology Integration along with Attitude towards ICT in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of the professional development (PD) program on technology integration (TI) besides attitudes towards ICT in education of Turkish teachers. This study demonstrates the outcomes of one group pre-test and post-test design based on data, collected before, just after and six weeks after the PD…

Uslu, Oner; Bumen, Nilay T.

2012-01-01

435

Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

2013-01-01

436

Determination of some characteristics coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Turkish kefirs with natural probiotic  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a total of 21 coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria (lactococci) were isolated from Turkish kefir samples. As a result of the identification tests, 21 lactococci isolates were identified as Lactococcus cremoris (11 strains), Lactococcus lactis (4 strains), Streptococcus thermophilus (3 strains) and Streptococcus durans (3 strains). The amount of produced lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, proteolytic activity,

Z. N Yüksekda?; Y Beyatli; B Aslim

2004-01-01

437

Functional disability in Alzheimer disease: a validation study of the Turkish version of the disability assessment for dementia scale.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD) scale in the Turkish elderly population with Alzheimer disease (AD). The DAD scale was administered to the primary caregivers of 157 patients (age 77.7 ± 6.8 years) with AD. The Turkish version of the DAD scale showed high internal consistency (Cronbach ? = .942), excellent test-retest, and interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.996 and ICC = 0.994, respectively). The DAD scale was significantly correlated with activities of daily living (ADL; Modified Older Americans Research Survey ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL; Lawton and Brody IADL) scales (r = .89, P < .001 and r = .90, P < .001). Disability Assessment for Dementia had a high negative correlation with the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS; r = -.880, P < .001). Post hoc comparisons with Tukey test showed significant differences in the mean DAD scores in different GDS stages. Construct validity was estimated using total score correlation analyses between the standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the DAD scale. Results revealed high and significant correlation between MMSE score and DAD scale (r = .812, P < .001). The results of multivariate analysis showed that DAD score was not correlated with gender, education, and age. The DAD total score was affected mostly by GDS, MMSE, and duration of the disease. Turkish version of the DAD scale was found to be a reliable and valid instrument to assess functional disability in Turkish elderly patients with AD. This scale assists caregivers and physicians to decide for proper interventions. PMID:24763071

Tozlu, Mukaddes; Cankurtaran, Mustafa; Yavuz, Burcu Balam; Cankurtaran, Eylem Sahin; Kutluer, Ibrahim; Erkek, Burcu Manisal?; Halil, Meltem; Ulger, Zekeriya; Cosgun, Erdal; Ariogul, Servet

2014-12-01

438

Trans Fatty Acids and Fatty Acid Composition of Mature Breast Milk in Turkish Women and Their Association with Maternal Diet’s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition and trans fatty acid and fatty acid contents of breast milk in Turkish women and to find the effect of breastfeeding mothers’ diet\\u000a on trans fatty acid and fatty acid composition. Mature milk samples obtained from 50 Turkish nursing women were analyzed. Total milk\\u000a lipids extracts were transmethylated

Gülhan Samur; Ali Topcu; Semra Turan

2009-01-01

439

Genetic analysis of haplotype data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat loci in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

PubMed

Aim. To explore the distribution and polymorphisms of 23 short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the Y chromosome in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and to investigate its genetic relationships with the homeland Turkish population and neighboring populations. Methods. This study included 100 healthy unrelated male individuals from the Turkish population living in Sarajevo. Buccal swab samples were collected as a DNA source. Genomic DNA was extracted using the salting out method and amplification was performed using PowerPlex Y 23 amplification kit. The studied population was compared to other populations using pairwise genetic distances, which were represented with a multi-dimensional scaling plot. Results. Haplotype and allele frequencies of the sample population were calculated and the results showed that all 100 samples had unique haplotypes. The most polymorphic locus was DYS458, and the least polymorphic DYS391. The observed haplotype diversity was 1.0000?0.0014, with a discrimination capacity of 1.00 and the match probability of 0.01. Rst values showed that our sample population was closely related in both dimensions to the Lebanese and Iraqi populations, while it was more distant from Bosnian, Croatian, and Macedonian populations. Conclusion. Turkish population residing in Sarajevo could be observed as a representative Turkish population, since our results were consistent with those previously published for the homeland Turkish population. Also, this study once again proved that geographically close populations were genetically more related to each other. PMID:25358886

Dogan, Serkan; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanovi?, Damir

2014-10-30

440

Genetic analysis of haplotype data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat loci in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina  

PubMed Central

Aim To explore the distribution and polymorphisms of 23 short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the Y chromosome in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and to investigate its genetic relationships with the homeland Turkish population and neighboring populations. Methods This study included 100 healthy unrelated male individuals from the Turkish population living in Sarajevo. Buccal swab samples were collected as a DNA source. Genomic DNA was extracted using the salting out method and amplification was performed using PowerPlex Y 23 amplification kit. The studied population was compared to other populations using pairwise genetic distances, which were represented with a multi-dimensional scaling plot. Results Haplotype and allele frequencies of the sample population were calculated and the results showed that all 100 samples had unique haplotypes. The most polymorphic locus was DYS458, and the least polymorphic DYS391. The observed haplotype diversity was 1.0000?±?0.0014, with a discrimination capacity of 1.00 and the match probability of 0.01. Rst values showed that our sample population was closely related in both dimensions to the Lebanese and Iraqi populations, while it was more distant from Bosnian, Croatian, and Macedonian populations. Conclusion Turkish population residing in Sarajevo could be observed as a representative Turkish population, since our results were consistent with those previously published for the homeland Turkish population. Also, this study once again proved that geographically close populations were genetically more related to each other. PMID:25358886

Dogan, Serkan; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanovi?, Damir

2014-01-01

441

Parenting in an Individualistic Culture with a Collectivistic Cultural Background: The Case of Turkish Immigrant Families with Toddlers in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Expanding our knowledge on parenting practices of immigrant families is crucial for designing culturally sensitive parenting intervention programs in countries with high immigration rates. We investigated differences in patterns of parenting between second-generation immigrant and native families with young children. Authoritarian and authoritative control and sensitivity of second-generation Turkish immigrant mothers of 2-year-old children (n = 70) and native Dutch mothers (n = 70) were observed in the home and in the laboratory. Controlling for maternal age and education, Turkish immigrant mothers were less supportive, gave less clear instructions to their children, were more intrusive and were less authoritative in their control strategies than native Dutch mothers. No differences were found in authoritarian control. In both ethnic groups supportive presence, clarity of instruction, authoritative control, and low intrusiveness loaded on one factor. No differences between ethnic groups were found in gender-differentiated parenting. Maternal emotional connectedness to the Turkish culture was associated with less authoritative control, whereas more use of the Turkish language was related to more sensitivity. Even though mean level differences in parenting behaviors still exist between second-generation Turkish immigrant and native Dutch mothers, the patterns of associations between parenting behaviors were comparable for both groups. This suggests that existing parenting interventions for native families may be applicable to second-generation Turkish immigrants as well. PMID:20835387

Yaman, Ayse; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Linting, Marielle

2010-01-01

442

Identity practices, ingroup projection, and the evaluation of subgroups: a study among Turkish-Dutch Sunnis.  

PubMed

This research focuses on religious subgroup evaluations by examining the attitude of Turkish-Dutch Sunni Muslims towards Alevi and Shiite Muslims. Following the Ingroup Projection Model, it was expected that Sunni participants who practice Islam will project their self-defining subgroup practices on the superordinate Muslim category, which will be related to more ingroup bias towards Alevis, a Muslim subgroup that performs different religious practices. Two studies yielded consistent evidence that practicing Islam increased ingroup bias towards Alevis. Furthermore, in Study 2, we found evidence that the effect of practicing Islam on ingroup bias was mediated by relative ingroup prototypicality (RIP). Moreover, practicing Islam did not affect RIP in relation to Shiites who perform the same religious practices that we examined. These findings support the Ingroup Projection Model. PMID:22822688

Lie, Jessamina Lih Yan; Verkuyten, Maykel

2012-01-01

443

In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions.  

PubMed

Through evaluation of the data accumulated in Data Bank of Turkish Folk Remedies (TUHIB), five plant remedies, which are used to treat stomach ache were selected to test for their anti-ulcerogenic potency. In order to confirm the claimed activities, either decoction or methanol extracts were prepared from the roots of Asphodelus aestivus and Cichorium intybus, herbs of Equisetum palustre and Viscum album ssp. album and fruits of Laurus nobilis, according to their folkloric application way and tested for their effects on ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. Pharmacological experiments clearly demonstrated that the relevant extracts of all the plants given orally showed significant stomach protection against this model of ulcerogenesis. Results were further evaluated by using histopathological techniques. PMID:12426092

Gürbüz, Ilhan; Ustün, Osman; Ye?ilada, Erdem; Sezik, Ekrem; Akyürek, Nalan

2002-12-01

444

Clinical expression of familial Williams-Beuren syndrome in a Turkish family.  

PubMed

Abstract Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, intellectual disability with a typical neurobehavioral profile, cardiovascular anomalies, and occasional infantile hypercalcemia. Majority of cases occur sporadically, and only a few cases of familial WBS have been reported. Although pre- and post-natal growth retardation is a common clinical feature of the syndrome, growth hormone deficiency is detected only in a few patients. To our knowledge, there has only been one report about familial Williams-Beuren syndrome in the Turkish population. Here, we report on the three molecular cytogenetically confirmed familial Williams-Beuren syndromes detected in a family with familial short stature. The father, daughter, and son analyzed with clinical and laboratory findings, and reasons of the short stature in Williams-Beuren syndrome are discussed through the literature. PMID:24057591

Parlak, Mesut; Nur, Banu Güzel; M?hç?, Ercan; Durmaz, Erdem; Karaüzüm, Sibel Berker; Akcurin, Sema; Bircan, Iffet

2014-01-01

445

Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific issues, three issues were related to gene therapy, another three were related to human cloning, and one was related to global warming. The data were analyzed using an interpretive qualitative research approach. The characteristic of informal reasoning was determined as multidimensional, and the patterns of informal reasoning emerged as rationalistic, emotive, and intuitive reasoning. The factors influencing informal reasoning were: personal experiences, social considerations, moral-ethical considerations, and technological concerns.

Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Y?lmaz-Tüzün, Özgül; Sadler, Troy D.

2011-06-01

446

BRCA1/2 germline mutations and their clinical importance in Turkish breast cancer patients.  

PubMed

BRCA1/BRCA2 genes were screened in 117 patients with breast cancer by sequencing. Fourteen percent of patients tested positive for BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations. Four frame shift mutations, four pathogenic missense mutations, and 25 different sequence variations were detected. BRCA mutation positivity was significantly associated with Ki67 (p = .001). BRCA protein expressions were decreased in the patients harboring important mutations and polymorphisms (BRCA1;P508 stop, V1740G, Q1182R, Q1756P and BRCA2;V2466A) related with disease. Our findings contribute significantly to the types of germline BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations and their biological effects in Turkish women. These data could help guide the management of BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation-carrying patients when considering breast-conserving therapy. PMID:24884828

Cecener, Gulsah; Egeli, Unal; Tunca, Berrin; Erturk, Elif; Ak, Secil; Gokgoz, Sehsuvar; Tasdelen, Ismet; Tezcan, Gulcin; Demirdogen, Elif; Bayram, Nuran; Avci, Nilufer; Evrensel, Turkkan

2014-10-01

447

Situational runaway adolescents. A study on risk factors from a Turkish sample.  

PubMed

Drawing on a sample of 726 non-clinical adolescents (aged 17-18 years) from high schools in Ankara, Turkey, this paper primarily aims to identify the risk factors related to situational run away behavior. This study was based on an ecological risk factors model and tried to discover the associations for runaways. Run away behavior is one of the problematic behaviors very commonly seen among Turkish adolescents. Regression analyses revealed that predictors for runaway behavior differed due to gender; while, delinquency, sexual intercourse, substance use, parental separation and suicidal ideation were the significant predictors for girl adolescent runaway behaviors, while lack of parental support and depression were the significant predictors for boy adolescent runaway behavior. PMID:16894865

Ulusoy, Demet M; Demir, Nilüfer Ozcan

2006-01-01

448

Aflatoxin M1 levels in Surk samples, a traditional Turkish cheese from southern Turkey.  

PubMed

In this study, aflatoxin M(1) (AFM(1)) contamination was investigated in Surk cheese, a traditional Turkish cheese consumed particularly in southern Turkey. For this purpose, 120 Surk cheese samples were collected from different retail markets and analysed by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The level of AFM(1) varied from 16 to 1,043 ng/kg in 72 of the Surk samples (60%), 16 of which (13.3% of 120 samples) contained AFM(1) amounts exceeding the maximum tolerance limit (250 ng/kg) established in Turkey. The results indicated that the occurrence of AFM(1) in Surk cheese samples may be considered as a possible risk for consumer health. PMID:19448962

Aygun, Osman; Essiz, Dinc; Durmaz, Hisamettin; Yarsan, Ender; Altintas, Levent

2009-08-01

449

Lymphocyte DNA damage in Turkish asphalt workers detected by the comet assay.  

PubMed

Asphalt has a highly complex structure and it contains several organic compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic compounds. In this study, comet assay was used to detect the DNA damage in blood lymphocytes of 30 workers exposed to asphalt fumes and 30 nonexposed controls. This is the first report on Turkish asphalt workers' investigated DNA damage using the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE). The DNA damage was evaluated by the percentage of DNA in the comet tail (% tail DNA) for each cell. According to our results, workers exposed to asphalt fumes had higher DNA damage than the control group (p?

Bacaksiz, Aysegul; Kayaalti, Zeliha; Soylemez, Esma; Tutkun, Engin; Soylemezoglu, Tulin

2014-01-01

450

Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR loci within Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

PubMed

Allele frequencies of 15 STRs included in the PowerPlex 16 System (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1179, TPOX and FGA) were calculated from the referent sample of 100 unrelated individuals of both sexes from Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Buccal swab, as a source of DNA, was collected from the volunteers from whom the informed consent form was obtained. DNA extraction was performed using QIAamp DNA Micro kit by Qiagen. DNA template ranging from 0.5 to 2 ng was used to amplify 15 STR loci by PCR multiplex amplification which was performed by using the PowerPlex 16 kit (Promega Corp., Madison, WI, USA) according to the manufacturer's protocol. The amplifications were carried out in a PE Gene Amp PCR System thermal cycler (Applied Biosystems) and capillary electrophoresis was carried out in an ABI PRISM 310 Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. The frequency of each locus was calculated from the numbers of each observed genotype. Deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and observed heterozygosity were calculated. Data were analyzed by using Microsoft Excel workbook template--Powerstats V12 and the power of discrimination (PD), power of exclusion (PE), as well as other population genetic indices for the 15 STR loci were calculated. Obtained results contribute to existing Turkish DNA database, as well as insight of differences and similarities in comparison to population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, 13 autosomal STR loci frequencies (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSFIPO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1 179, TPOX, and FGA) were studied in 15 different worldwide populations (Turkish, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Macedonian, Albanian, Kosovan, Greek, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Iraqi, Belarusian). For the proof of corresponding data, two different Turkish population STR data obtained from previously published articles were compared with our data and this showed that our data correspond to these 2 previously published data. Further, STR allele frequency data for 13 loci for each population were obtained from previous scientific articles and the allele frequencies and genetic diversity among the 15 sample populations were compared. In addition, even though the populations are from different nationalities, the STR data are similar among the geographically close populations. The phylogenetic tree established among worldwide populations and genetic distance values show a great affinity among the 15populations. Our data is useful for anthropological and further comparative genetic studies of populations. PMID:24611350

Dogan, Serkan; Kovacevi?, Lejla; Marjanovi?, Damir

2013-12-01

451

Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti-Helicobacter pylori activity.  

PubMed

The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs and flowers of Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis, fruits of Momordica charantia, herbaceous parts of Sambucus ebulus, and flowering herbs of Hypericum perforatum were evaluated in this study. Results showed that all except one extract from six of these plants showed activity against the microorganism with MICs between 1.95 and 250 microg/ml, with S. junceum being the only inactive species. Amongst the active plants the inhibitory properties of C. laurifolius were found prominent. PMID:10473175

Ye?ilada, E; Gürbüz, I; Shibata, H

1999-09-01

452

Normative values of fetal nasal bone lengths of Turkish singleton pregnancies in the first trimester  

PubMed Central

Objective Evaluation of nasal bone improves the performance of first-trimester screening for trisomy 21. In this retrospective study we aimed to determine normative values related to the measurement of nasal bone length of the Turkish population during the first trimester ultrasonographic fetal screening. Material and Methods Medical records of singleton pregnancies, whose first trimester fetal screening was performed between 2004 and 2010, were evaluated retrospectively. Pregnancies with any detected/suspicious anatomical or genetic fetal anomalies, biochemical abnormalities, increased nuchal translucency measurements, and pregnancies of artificial reproduction techniques were excluded from data analyses. Mean±standard deviation, median and percentile values of the length of nasal bone were calculated separately for 110–6, 120–6 and 130–6 gestational weeks Results Nasal bone could be visualized in 99.6% of the included 1762 singleton pregnancies. In 16.5% of the cases nasal bones were only noted as present or absent. Mean maternal age was 29.67±4.50 years and mean gestational age was 12.54±0.61 weeks. Median values of nasal bone lengths were 1.7, 1.9, and 2.2 mm for 110–6, 120–6 and 130–6 gestational weeks respectively. Nasal bone length (NBL) increased linearly with advancing gestational age and CRL. NBL (mm)=[0.298xGestational Age (week)]?1.779, R2=0.318; p<0.001; NBL (mm)= [0.023 × CRL (mm)] + 0.520, R2=0.331; p<0.001 Conclusion The present study presents normative values of nasal bone in the first trimester screening of normal singleton pregnancies of Turkish population. Nasal bone length increases with advancing gestational age and CRL. PMID:24591999

Yayla, Murat; Ergin, Rahime Nida; Goynumer, Gokhan

2011-01-01

453

Effect of Turkish propolis extracts on proteome of prostate cancer cell line  

PubMed Central

Background Propolis is a natural, resinous hive product that has several pharmacological activities. Its composition varies depending on the vegetation, climate, season and environmental conditions of the area from where it was collected. Surface enhanced laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) is a proteomic approach which has been used in cancer proteomics studies. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men. It has shown that nutritional supplements rich in polyphenolic compounds such as propolis play a significant role in prostate cancer chemoprevention. The aim of this study is to evaluate if protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines could be differentiated when incubated with dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis. Results The antioxidant potentials of dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis were found in correlation with the amount of total phenolic compounds of them. Dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis of 20 ?g/mL reduced the cell viability to 24.5% and 17.7%, respectively. Statistically significant discriminatory peaks between control PC-3 cells and dimethyl sulfoxide extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 5143, 8703, 12661, 20184 and 32794, detected by CM10 ProteinChip, and the peak at m/z 3772, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Between control PC-3 cells and water extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells, statistically significant discriminatory peaks were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 15846, 16052 and 24658, detected by CM10 ProteinChip and the peaks at m/z 10348, 10899 and 11603, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Conclusions It was concluded that dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis may have anti-proliferative activity through differentiating protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines along with their antioxidant capacity. PMID:22152088

2011-01-01

454

TNF-Alpha Gene Polymorphisms in Iranian Azari Turkish Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases  

PubMed Central

Context: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (IBD) whose causes are not fully known. Emerging data indicate that alterations in cytokine synthesis may play a role in IBD pathogenesis. Aims: We aimed to determine the association between tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF?) promoter polymorphisms (at positions ? 308 and ? 1031) and susceptibility to IBD among Iranian Azari Turkish patients. Settings and Design: One hundred and one patients with IBD and 100 healthy subjects were analyzed. Materials and Methods: Both polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNF? gene at positions -1031T/C and -308G/A were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. All statistical analyses were calculated with SPSS for Windows 16.0. The Fisher's exact test was used to test for departure from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium of the genotype frequencies (P > 0.05). Results: The allele frequency of the TNF?-308G and -1031T were higher in IBD patients but did not reach statistical significance. However, the homozygous TT genotype for the SNP-1031 T > C was significantly higher in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.01) and the heterozygous CT genotype for the SNP -1031 T > C was significantly lower in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.03). Conclusions: The TNF?-1031 T allele confers a significant risk for developing UC in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients. Also the frequency of TNF?-1031 C allele was considerably low among patients with UC and it may have protective role among them (OR = 0.43; P = 0.01). PMID:24705148

Bonyadi, Mortaza; Abdolmohammadi, Reza; Jahanafrooz, Zohreh; Somy, Mohammad-Hosein; Khoshbaten, Manoochehr

2014-01-01

455

A Survey about resilience of Turkish People to a Potential Disaster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As it is known, some of the cities in Turkey have experienced such disasters as earthquake; flood and they are continuing to experience. After all these disasters, it takes a long time for a city to recover itself. In this period, the people living in that city are important factors to use this time more effectively. For this purpose, this paper is prepared using a survey in order to evaluate and comment on the resilient capacity of the society in Turkey. This paper, which is composed of ten questions of survey, covers basic questions that the individuals should apply in the stages of mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery which are among the cycles of a disaster such as if they have disaster plans or policies, if they are capable of applying first aid, also their knowledge about the golden hours term. Some questions are asked in order to obtain opinions of individuals about the options to fix the resilience problem. This survey has been carried out among the people who live in different cities and various occupations and also belongs to different socio-economic groups, in Turkey. This study indicates whether Turkish citizens are resilient to a potential disaster or not. The survey has been implemented to 100 people using the telephone and the internet. According to the survey, Turkish people are not resilient to a potential disaster. Only 20% of the society is aware of the concepts of being resilient, other 80% is lack of training and knowledge to a potential disaster. Reasons to absence of preparedness, and mitigation are listed as being not educated and financial difficulties. Although the disasters that experienced in Turkey, the society have short-time awareness but then, it disappears in process of time rapidly after disaster.

Gurbas, P.

2012-04-01

456

The prevalence of pulp stones in a Turkish population. A radiographic survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The goal of this retrospective study was to determine the prevalence of pulp stones in a Turkish population. Any possible associations between pulp stones and gender, tooth type and dental arch were also evaluated. Study Design: Four hundred and sixty nine patients’ bitewing radiographs which were reached through the patient database of Erciyes University Dentistry School, Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology were examined. Of these 469 subjects whose mean age was 24( ± 10.7), 302 were females and 167 were males. A total of 6,926 teeth were examined during this study. Pulp stones were recorded as present or absent and any relations with gender, tooth type and dental arch were noted. Results: Pulp stones were identified in 270 (57.6 %) of the subjects and in 1,038 (15 %) of the teeth examined. Their presence were seldom found in the premolars (9.07%) but was much higher in the molars (90.92 %). Pulp stone occurrence was significantly more common in the first molars than in the second molars, and in the first premolars than in the second premolars in each dental arch. Their occurrence was higher in the maxilla than in the mandible for each tooth type. No difference between the two genders could be identified. Conclusion: Pulp stones are not only incidental radiographic findings of the pulp tissue but may also be an indicator of some serious underlying disease. On the other hand, they may provide useful information to predict about the susceptibility of patients for other dystrophic soft tissue calcifications such as urinary calculi and calcified atheromas. However, further study on this issue is needed. Key words: Prevalence, pulp stone, Turkish population. PMID:22143688

Aktan, Ali M.; Tar?m-Ertas, Elif; Ciftci, Mehmet E.; Sekerci, Ahmet E.

2012-01-01

457

[Failure to return to industry, the primary feature of the sequence of Turkish migration].  

PubMed

This article seeks to destroy the myth that the industrial experience of emigrated workers can be helpful in development efforts for the sending countries by supplying a highly qualified labor force. The extent and nature of unemployment in an underdeveloped country such as Turkey form the essential background. Insufficient demand for labor, oppressive living conditions for the unemployed, and the absence of hope for future improvement in employment conditions produce a high desire to work devoid of a specific job or career goals, tendencies which account for the willingness of workers to accept any kind of work as long as pay is adequate. Most Turkish migrant workers have been found to be oriented toward accumulating as much money as possible, not for use as a means of changing their structural situation or improving their employment qualifications, but as an end in itself. The hypothesis that polyannual migrants acquire new knowledge and ability to adapt to the mode of life of an industrial society, internalizing its structures, roles, and values, recieves little confirmation in the literature. A large proportion of Turkish migrants remain attached to preindustrial habits and preferences for work in a milieu that assures personal relationships. Few report in surveys that they learn significantly in their migrant jobs. Migrant workers who are only superficially familiar with industrial culture and who reject the mode of life of industrial society cannot be viewed as a force for change and innovation when they return. Migrant remittances are steadily increasing, but until the present, no structural changes have been made in Turkey to encourage their investment in productive enterprises. Personal or familial reasons, not desire to undertake new enterprises, are most often the cause of migrants' return; once they have done so, they aspire to new occupations in the tertiary sector rather than return to their earlier lines of employment. PMID:12265632

Abadan, N

1972-01-01

458

Translation and Cross-cultural Adaptation of the International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Form Into Turkish.  

PubMed

Study Design Clinical measurement. Objective To translate and culturally adapt the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) Subjective Knee Form into Turkish and to determine selected psychometric properties of the translated version. Background The IKDC Subjective Knee Form is widely used to evaluate disability associated with knee injuries, but it has not yet been translated or culturally adapted for Turkish-speaking individuals. Methods The IKDC Subjective Knee Form was translated into Turkish, consistent with published methodological guidelines. The process included 2 forward translations, followed by the synthesis of these translations, and 2 backward translations, followed by an analysis of the translations and creation of the final version. The measurement properties of the Turkish IKDC Subjective Knee Form (internal consistency, construct validity, and floor and ceiling effects) were tested in 103 patients (52 male; average ± SD age, 34.9 ± 11.9 years) with a variety of knee pathologies. Reproducibility was tested in 58 patients (28 male; age, 33.7 ± 10.6 years) over 3 to 14 days, and responsiveness was tested in 33 patients (23 male; age, 30.8 ± 8.0 years) with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Cronbach alpha was used to assess internal consistency, and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to estimate the test-retest reliability. Construct validity was analyzed with the Turkish version of the Lysholm knee score, the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Results The Turkish version of the IKDC Subjective Knee Form showed excellent internal consistency (Cronbach coefficient ? = .89) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.91). The correlation coefficients between the IKDC Subjective Knee Form and the Lysholm knee score and Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale were 0.64 and 0.89, respectively (P<.001). The highest correlations between the IKDC Subjective Knee Form and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey were observed in the physical functioning subscale and the physical component summary score (r = 0.69 and r = 0.70, respectively; P<.05); the lowest correlations were observed in the mental health subscale and mental component summary score (r = 0.13 and r = 0.05, respectively). We observed no floor or ceiling effects. The IKDC Subjective Knee Form demonstrated a large effect size with the group tested (2.09; 95% confidence interval: 1.61, 2.59). Conclusion The Turkish version of the IKDC Subjective Knee Form has sufficient reliability and validity to measure patient-reported outcomes for Turkish-speaking individuals with a variety of knee disorders. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2014;44(11):899-909. Epub 16 October 2014. doi:10.2519/jospt.2014.4865. PMID:25323139

Celik, Derya; Co?kunsu, Dilber; KiliÇo?lu, Onder; Ergönül, Onder; Irrgang, James J

2014-11-01

459

Does Offline Political Segregation Affect the Filter Bubble? An Empirical Analysis of Information Diversity for Dutch and Turkish Twitter Users  

E-print Network

From a liberal perspective, pluralism and viewpoint diversity are seen as a necessary condition for a well-functioning democracy. Recently, there have been claims that viewpoint diversity is diminishing in online social networks, putting users in a "bubble", where they receive political information which they agree with. The contributions from our investigations are fivefold: (1) we introduce different dimensions of the highly complex value viewpoint diversity using political theory; (2) we provide an overview of the metrics used in the literature of viewpoint diversity analysis; (3) we operationalize new metrics using the theory and provide a framework to analyze viewpoint diversity in Twitter for different political cultures; (4) we share our results for a case study on minorities we performed for Turkish and Dutch Twitter users; (5) we show that minority users cannot reach a large percentage of Turkish Twitter users. With the last of these contributions, using theory from communication scholars and philoso...

Bozdag, Engin; Houben, Geert-Jan; Warnier, Martijn

2014-01-01

460

DETERMINATION OF SEVEN WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS IN TARHANA, A TRADITIONAL TURKISH CEREAL FOOD, BY HIGH-PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic proce- dure has been developed for determination of water-soluble vitamins (as- corbic acid, niacin, panthothenic acid (vitamin B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), thiamine (vitamin B1), folic acid, and riboflavin (vitamin B2)) in tar- hana samples, a traditional Turkish cereal food. Sample-treatment entails SPE with Sep-Pak C18 (500-mg) cartridges. The water-soluble vitamins were analyzed by HPLC on

R. Ekinci; Ç. Kadakal

461

Global self-esteem, ethnic self-esteem, and family integrity: Turkish and Dutch early adolescents in The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between ethnic minority identity and global self-esteem continues to be an important topic. In two studies among Turkish and Dutch early adolescents in The Netherlands, it was found that both groups did not differ in global self-esteem. However, the Turks indicated more positive ethnic self-esteem than the Dutch and they more strongly endorsed family integrity as an individual

Maykel Verkuyten

2001-01-01

462

Trace metal composition of particulate matter of the Danube River and Turkish rivers draining into the Black Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

We determined the composition of particles from several rivers entering the Black Sea as part of a broader study of the composition of suspended matter and sediments in the Black Sea. Suspended matter and surface sediment samples were collected from the Danube River draining from Europe and from four Turkish rivers (Sakarya, Yenice (Filyos), K?z?l?rmak and Ye?il?rmak Rivers) in Anatolia.

O?uz Yi?iterhan; James W. Murray

2008-01-01

463

Utilization of natural antioxidants: Green tea extract and Thymbra spicata oil in Turkish dry-fermented sausage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effect of natural (green tea extract, Thymbra spicata oil) and synthetic antioxidants (buthylatedhydroxytoluene, BHT) on the safety (biogenic amine and TBARS values) and quality (pH, colour and sensory attributes) of sucuk (Turkish dry-fermented sausage) were investigated during the ripening periods. Addition of antioxidants decreased (P<0.05) the TBARS values. It was found that natural antioxidants decreased TBARS formation more than BHT.

Hüseyin Bozkurt

2006-01-01

464

Influence of Starters on Chemical, Biochemical, and Sensory Changes in Turkish White-Brined Cheese During Ripening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish White-brined cheese was manufactured us- ing Lactococcus strains (Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis NCDO763plusL.lactisssp.cremorisSK11andL.lactis ssp. lactis UC317 plus L. lactis ssp. cremoris HP) or without a starter culture, and ripened for 90 d. It was found that the use of starters significantly influenced the physical, chemical, biochemical, and sensory prop- erties of the cheeses. Chemical composition, pH, and sensory properties

A. A. Hayaloglu; M. Guven; P. F. Fox; P. L. H. McSweeney

2005-01-01

465

Self-Esteem Among Ethnic Minorities and Three Principles of Self-Esteem Formation: Turkish Children in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the importance of reflected appraisal, social comparison and self-attribution as sources of “academic” self-esteem among ethnic minority children. Turkish children in The Netherlands scored significantly lower on a standardized test of Dutch language command but did not have lower academic self-esteem in comparison with Dutch classmates. Self-attributed performance was the only important source of self-esteem among the

Maykel Verkuyten

1993-01-01

466

An international comparison using a diagnostic testing model: Turkish students’ profile of mathematical skills on TIMSS-R  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study illustrates how a diagnostic testing model can be used to make detailed comparisons between student populations\\u000a participating in international assessments. The performance of Turkish students on the TIMSS-R mathematics test was reanalyzed\\u000a with a diagnostic testing model called the Rule Space Model. First, mathematical and cognitive skills (‘attributes’) measured\\u000a by the test were determined. One hundred sixty-two items

Enis Dogan; Kikumi Tatsuoka

2008-01-01

467

Changes in health and primary health care use of Moroccan and Turkish migrants between 2001 and 2005: a longitudinal study  

PubMed Central

Background Social environment and health status are related, and changes affecting social relations may also affect the general health state of a group. During the past few years, several events have affected the relationships between Muslim immigrants and the non-immigrant population in many countries. This study investigates whether the health status of the Moroccan and Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands has changed in four years, whether changes in health status have had any influence on primary health care use, and which socio-demographic factors might explain this relationship. Methods A cohort of 108 Turkish and 102 Moroccan respondents were interviewed in 2001 and in 2005. The questionnaire included the SF-36 and the GP contact frequency (in the past two months). Interviews were conducted in the language preferred by the respondents. Data were analysed using multivariate linear regression. Results The mental health of the Moroccan group improved between 2001 and 2005. Physical health remained unchanged for both groups. The number of GP contacts decreased with half a contact/2 months among the Turkish group. Significant predictors of physical health change were: age, educational level. For mental health change, these were: ethnicity, age, civil status, work situation in 2001, change in work situation. For change in GP contacts: ethnicity, age and change in mental and physical health. Conclusion Changes in health status concerned the mental health component. Changes in health status were paired with changes in health care utilization. Among the Turkish group, an unexpected decrease in GP contacts was noticed, whilst showing a generally unchanged health status. Further research taking perceived quality of care into account might help shedding some light on this outcome. PMID:18230157

Lamkaddem, Majda; Spreeuwenberg, Peter M; Deville, Walter L; Foets, Marleen; Groenewegen, Peter P

2008-01-01

468

Evaluation of the JAK2-V617F gene mutation in Turkish patients with essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera.  

PubMed

An activating mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2-V617F) was previously described in chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD). In previously published studies, the frequency of the JAK2-V617F mutation was determined to be 80-90 % for patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and 40-70 % for essential thrombocythemia (ET). In this study, we analyzed the relationship between the JAK2-V617F mutation and clinical-hematological parameters in Turkish patients with MPD and compared these findings with published studies from other geographic regions. A total of 148 patients were studied; of which, 70 were diagnosed with PV and 78 with ET. The mutation status of JAK2 was determined using a tetra-primer polymerase chain reaction. We found that 80 % of the PV group and 42 % of the ET group were positive for the JAK2-V617F mutation. When all patients were analyzed, the levels of white blood cells, hemoglobin and splenomegaly were significantly different in patients with the JAK2-V617F mutation (p < 0.05). To our knowledge, this study is the first to evaluate the relationship between MPD and JAK2-V617F in Turkish patients. The JAK2-V617F mutation is frequently detected in the Turkish patients with MPD, and especially in patients with PV. Hence, it would be useful to include JAK2 mutation screening in the initial evaluation of patients suspected to have MPD. PMID:22722988

Karkucak, Mutlu; Yakut, Tahsin; Ozkocaman, Vildan; Ozkalemkas, Fahir; Ali, Ridvan; Bayram, Murat; Gorukmez, Orhan; Ocakoglu, Gokhan

2012-09-01

469

The role of culture and self-construal in autobiographical memories of US and Turkish college students.  

PubMed

This study examined memory variables both cross-culturally and across four cultural self-construal types. US (N=240) and Turkish (N=174) college students described their earliest childhood memory, and another significant childhood memory, and completed the Balanced Integration-Differentiation (BID) Scale (Imamoglu, 1998; 2003), which measured relatedness and individuation, and allowed for the classification of students into four different self-construal types (Related-Individuated, Separated-Individuated, Related-Patterning, Separated-Patterning). At the cultural level US students' earliest memories were dated approximately 6 months earlier, had greater volume, and were more positive. US students also reported memories as more important. Turkish students' memories had more detail, a higher proportion of propositions, self-, other- and we-related words, and higher other-self ratios, and they were clearer than those of US students. Turkish students also reported greater ease in describing their earliest memory in words. At the level of self-construal the primary differences were between students high in both relatedness and individuation and those low in both. The culture by BID interaction was significant in only 1 of the more than 24 analyses. PMID:23452078

Sahin, Basak; Mebert, Carolyn J

2013-01-01

470

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

PubMed Central

Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2) test, t test and percent (%) ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women). Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p < 0.05). The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%)', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%)', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%)'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4%) reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%), magazines/newspapers (41.5%) and internet websites (37.3%) were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively). Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7) (p < 0.001). Users and nonusers of NVNM supplements differed significantly according to sex, age, Body Mass Index (BMI) values, types of school, mother and fathers' education levels, family income, most permanent place of residence up to the time of survey, smoking status, and participating in sports. Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements. PMID:15904512

Ayranci, Unal; Son, Nazan; Son, Osman

2005-01-01

471

The conditional returns to origin-country human capital among Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in Belgium.  

PubMed

This study extends the analysis of the economic returns to pre-migration human capital by examining the role of the receiving context, co-ethnic residential concentration, and post-migration investments in human capital. It uses large-scale survey data on Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in Belgium. The analysis demonstrates that regarding employment, Moroccan immigrants, that is, those originating from former French colonies receive larger returns to their origin-country education and work experience in French- vs. Dutch-speaking regions. Other than the positive interaction effect between co-ethnic residential concentration and work experience on employment, there is little evidence that co-ethnic concentration increases the returns to origin-country human capital. Speaking the host-country language facilitates economic returns to origin-country work experience. Conversely, immigrants who acquire host-country credentials and work experience receive lower returns to origin-country education and experience, suggesting that, at least among low-skilled immigrants, pre- and post-migration human capital substitute rather than complement each other. PMID:24767595

Kanas, Agnieszka; van Tubergen, Frank

2014-07-01

472

The Analysis of North Korea's Nuclear Tests by Turkish National Data Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) announced the conduct of a third underground nuclear test on 12 February 2013 in the northeastern part of the country as the previous tests that were conducted in 2009 and 2006. The latest nuclear test is the best detected nuclear event by the global seismic networks. The magnitude estimates show that each new test increased in size when compared with the previous one. As Turkish NDC (National Data Center), we have analyzed the 2013 and 2009 nuclear tests using seismic data from International Monitoring System (IMS) stations through the International Data Center (IDC) located in Vienna. Discrimination analysis was performed based on mb:Ms magnitude ratio and spectral analysis. We have also applied array based waveform cross-correlation to show the similarity of the nuclear tests and precise arrival time measurements for relative location estimates and basic infrasound analysis using two IMS infrasound stations for the 2013 event. Seismic analysis were performed using softwares such as Geotool, EP (Event processor from Norsar) and Seismic Analysis Code (SAC) and the infrasound data were analyzed by using PMCC from CEA-France. The IMS network is operating under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). The CTBTO verification system is under continuous development, also making use of the state of the art technologies and methodologies.

Semin, K.; Meral Ozel, N.; Destici, T. C.; Necmioglu, O.; Kocak, S.

2013-12-01

473

Assessment of public health issues of migrants at the Greek-Turkish border, April 2011.  

PubMed

A joint mission to assess the public health situation of migrants in Greek detention centres was undertaken in April 2011 by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe. The assessment visit follows the increased migration to the Evros prefecture, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace region, at the Greek-Turkish border where large numbers of migrants are entering Greece via the Evros River, a natural border. Migrants are housed in local detention centres. The main problem in detention centres are the substandard hygiene conditions, especially overcrowding and lack of personal hygiene facilities, lack of basic supplies and lack of access to fresh air and physical exercise. As the migration route via the Evros region is increasingly used since 2009, and due to the unstable political situation in North Africa and the Middle East, an increased influx of migrants was to be expected with the falling water levels of the Evros River in summer, resulting in further deterioration of the already critical situation in the Thrace region’s detention centres. PMID:22264865

Mertens, E; Rockenschaub, G; Economopoulou, A; Kreidl, P

2012-01-01

474

Association of class I HLA antigens with the clinical manifestations of Turkish patients with Behçet's disease.  

PubMed

Genetic factors appear to be important in the pathogenesis of Behçet's disease. Although it is known to be strongly associated with HLA-B 51, the association of HLA class I antigens with specific clinical findings of the disease has not been studied extensively and the few studies are conflicting. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of HLA class I alleles with the manifestations of Behçet's disease in Turkish patients. Eighty-five patients with Behçet's disease were typed for HLA-A, B, and C antigens with the serologic, standard microlymphocytotoxicity technique. Possible associations of the HLA complex with clinical findings of Behçet's disease were examined. Statistically significant findings are as follows (P < 0.05): increased HLA-B 51 and decreased HLA-B35 frequency in patients with thrombophlebitis, increased HLA-A29 and decreased HLA-Bw6 frequency in patients with ocular involvement, decreased HLA-Cw2 frequency in patients with erythema nodosum, and decreased HLA-Cw 7 frequency in patients with genital ulceration. Of particular note, the results of this study suggest that the presence of HLA-B 51 and the absence of HLA-B35 can be regarded as laboratory risk factors of venous thrombosis in patients with Behçet's disease. PMID:12372094

Kaya, T I; Dur, H; Tursen, U; Gurler, A

2002-09-01

475

Photochemical dissolution of Turkish lignites in tetralin at different irradiation power and reaction times  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the power of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation on the tetrahydrofuran (THF) solubles yield (the total soluble product) and the soluble product distribution of the dissolution of Turkish lignites (Beypazari and Tuncbilek lignite) in tetralin at ambient temperatures has been investigated. The lignite samples were exposed to UV irradiation for 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10 days in the power of irradiation ranging from 0 to 180 W at 60 W intervals. The yields of THF solubles and oils increased with increasing irradiation power and time. The optimum irradiation power depends on the irradiation time to obtain the highest degradation products. However, the yield of degradation products depends also on the lignite type. The largest fraction obtained from lignites by photochemical energy is oil. While the yields of THF solubles and oils sharply increased with irradiation power at longer reaction times, the yields of asphaltenes (AS) slightly decreased. Increasing oil yields is relatively larger when AS yields tend to decrease. These trends of AS and oil yields are ascribable to conversion of AS to oils at higher power. Small changes were observed in the PAS yields under all conditions. 27 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

F. Karacan; T. Torul [Turkish Atomic Energy Authority, Ankara (Turkey). Saraykoy Nuclear Research and Training Center

2007-08-15

476

Turkish honeybees: genetic variation and evidence for a fourth lineage of Apis mellifera mtDNA.  

PubMed

The mtDNA of bees from 84 colonies of Turkish honeybees (Apis mellifera) was surveyed for variation at four diagnostic restriction sites and the sequence of a noncoding intergenic region. These colonies came from 16 locations, ranging from European Turkey and the western Mediterranean coast to the Caucasus Mountains along the Georgian border, the eastern Lake Van region, and the extreme south. Combined restriction site and sequence data revealed four haplotypes. Three haplotypes belonged to the eastern Mediterranean mtDNA lineage. The fourth haplotype, which had a novel restriction site pattern and noncoding sequence, was found in samples from the extreme south, near the Syrian border. We found two different noncoding sequences among the eastern Mediterranean haplotypes. The "Caucasian" sequence matches that described from A. m. caucasica, and the "Anatolian" sequence matches that of A. m. carnica. The frequency of the "Caucasian" sequence was highest (98-100%) in sites near the Georgian border and decreased steeply to the south and west. Elsewhere the Anatolian sequence was found. In European Turkey (Thrace) a restriction site polymorphism previously reported from A. m. carnica in Austria and the Balkans was present at high frequency. A novel mtDNA haplotype with a unique restriction site pattern and noncoding sequence was found among bees from Hatay, in the extreme south near the Syrian border. This haplotype differed from the three previously known lineages of honeybee mtDNA--African, western European, and eastern Mediterranean-and may represent a fourth mitochondrial lineage. PMID:10739124

Palmer, M R; Smith, D R; Kaftano?lu, O

2000-01-01

477

Prevalence and drug resistance of mycobacteria in Turkish cystic fibrosis patients  

PubMed Central

Background Isolation of mycobacteria in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is increasingly being reported. Because of having long term antimicrobial treatment, CF patients are at risk of pulmonary infection with especially resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) strains. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of mycobacterium spp. and antimicrobial susceptibility in Turkish CF patients. Methods During a 5.5 year study period, 376 sputa from 130 CF patients were analyzed. Antimycobacterial susceptibility testing was performed by the Bactec 460 TB System and the E test method. Results Totaly 28 (7.44%) Mycobacterium spp. were isolated from eight (6.15%) CF patients. Five isolates (17.9%) were identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), 14 (50%) as Mycobacterium abscessus and nine (32.1%) as Mycobacterium lentiflavum. All MTBC isolates were found to be susceptible to streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol. Resistance to some antibiotics was detected in some NTM strains. These are the first data about the prevalence of mycobacteria in CF patients from Turkey. Conclusions In pediatric CF patients, specific mycobacterial analysis of sputum specimens and susceptibility testing should be performed for allowing early detection, identification and the possibility of eradication of these bacteria. PMID:25123237

2014-01-01

478

Efficacy of tadalafil in Egyptian and Turkish men with erectile dysfunction  

PubMed Central

A randomised, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled, 12-week study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 20-mg tadalafil taken ‘as needed’ in a population of men with erectile dysfunction (ED) from Egypt and Turkey. One hundred and thirty-two patients were randomised in this study. Tadalafil was superior to placebo on all three co-primary efficacy end points. The mean change from baseline for the erectile function domain of the International Index of Erectile Function was 9.3 ± 0.8 for the tadalafil group and 2.3 ± 1.6 for the placebo group. Tadalafil-treated patients reported a significantly greater improvement in the mean percentage of successful penetrations (tadalafil: 34.5 ± 4.1; placebo: ?4.6 ± 8.1) and successful intercourse attempts (tadalafil: 52.2 ± 3.8; placebo: 16.8 ± 7.8) than placebo-treated patients as measured by the Sexual Encounter Profile. Tadalafil was generally well tolerated with 82% of adverse events being mild in severity. Tadalafil 20-mg taken ‘as needed’ significantly improved the erectile function in Egyptian and Turkish men with ED. PMID:16846400

SAYLAN, M; KHALAF, I; KADIOGLU, A; SHOAIR, KZ; BEHEIRY, A; WANG, WC; KOPERNICKY, V; ESEN, A

2006-01-01

479

Successful treatment of nephrotic syndrome due to FMF amyloidosis with azathioprine: report of three Turkish cases.  

PubMed

Secondary amyloidosis is a well-known complication of certain familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). We presented three Turkish patients with FMF and biopsy proven amyloidosis. These patients were treated with colchicine 1.5 mg/day. They have experienced five to six peritonitis attacks with fever within 1 year. On admission, the laboratory test results were as follows: serum creatinine 2.3, 0.6, and 0.5 mg/dl; albumin 4.2, 1.9, and 1.8 g/dl; and urinary protein excretion 4, 15, and 10 g/day, respectively. All the patients were started azathioprine (AZA) 100 mg/day and attacks were completely stopped. Laboratory findings were as follows after 1 year of AZA treatment: serum creatinine 1, 0.8, and 0.6 mg/dl; albumin 4.3, 3, and 3.5 g/dl; and urinary protein excretion 3, 8, and 1.5 g/day, respectively. Treatment with azathioprine in addition to colchicine could ameliorate the nephrotic syndrome and control the attacks very effectively in these cases. PMID:16944160

Sayarlioglu, Hayriye; Erkoc, Reha; Sayarlioglu, Mehmet; Dogan, Ekrem; Soyoral, Yasemin

2006-12-01

480

Patterns of collaboration in four scientific disciplines of the Turkish collaboration network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientific collaboration networks, as a prototype of complex evolving networks, are studied in many aspects of their structure and evolving characteristics. The organizing principles of these networks also vary in different scientific disciplines, demonstrating that each discipline has specific connecting rules. Retrieving the co-authorship data from the ISI Web of Science, we constructed networks of four disciplines (engineering, mathematics, physics and surgery) as a subset of the Turkish scientific collaboration network spanning 33 years’ data. To provide a comparative perspective on the network topologies, we studied some statistical and topological properties such as the number of authors, degree distributions, authors per paper and papers per author histograms and distributions. These properties yield that the rapid growth of high education in Turkey (i.e. doubling of the number of universities and students within the last decade) had boosted the number of publications and increased the level of collaborations in the scientific collaboration networks. We showed the occurrence of Matthew effect in career longevity distributions, and also outlined the Heaps’ law relation in the scaling of the collaborations as well. We outlined the prominent properties of each subset, while the similarities and deviations from the interdisciplinary networks are also evaluated.

Çavu?o?lu, Abdullah; Türker, ?lker

2014-11-01

481

Financial effects of the highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks on the Turkish broiler producers.  

PubMed

This research aimed at assessing the financial effects of the 2005 to 2006 highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks on Turkish broiler enterprises. The data were obtained from an interview survey carried out in 499 enterprises randomly selected from 14 provinces that accounted for 79% of the national broiler production. The research revealed that the contracted broiler producers lost on average 1.38 cycles of production and their management fee reduced by 14.7% in 8 mo after the outbreaks. As a result, the broiler production and the enterprise income declined by 34.8 and 44.3%, respectively. The bank loan of the producers rose by 161%. A total of 93% of the producers did not do any other supplementary work during the idle production period in spite of the fact that broiler production was the only business of 36% of them. Furthermore, more than half of the producers (56%) stated that they were considering expanding their business, but suspended this idea due to the outbreak. Approximately 87% of the producers increased the biosecurity measures after the outbreaks. The nationwide effects of the avian influenza outbreaks on the contracted broilers farms were estimated to be US$100.8 million (US$7,967/broiler house). The futures of the contracted broiler producers are fully dependent upon those of the integrated firms. Any negative effects on the latter appeared to be transferred directly to the former. However, the government neglected the integrated firms in the avian influenza compensation programs. PMID:20371863

Aral, Y; Yalcin, C; Cevger, Y; Sipahi, C; Sariozkan, S

2010-05-01

482

A review on traditional Turkish fermented non-alcoholic beverages: microbiota, fermentation process and quality characteristics.  

PubMed

Shalgam juice, hardaliye, boza, ayran (yoghurt drink) and kefir are the most known traditional Turkish fermented non-alcoholic beverages. The first three are obtained from vegetables, fruits and cereals, and the last two ones are made of milk. Shalgam juice, hardaliye and ayran are produced by lactic acid fermentation. Their microbiota is mainly composed of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei in shalgam fermentation and L. paracasei subsp. paracasei and Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum in hardaliye fermentation are predominant. Ayran is traditionally prepared by mixing yoghurt with water and salt. Yoghurt starter cultures are used in industrial ayran production. On the other hand, both alcohol and lactic acid fermentation occur in boza and kefir. Boza is prepared by using a mixture of maize, wheat and rice or their flours and water. Generally previously produced boza or sourdough/yoghurt are used as starter culture which is rich in Lactobacillus spp. and yeasts. Kefir is prepared by inoculation of raw milk with kefir grains which consists of different species of yeasts, LAB, acetic acid bacteria in a protein and polysaccharide matrix. The microbiota of boza and kefir is affected from raw materials, the origin and the production methods. In this review, physicochemical properties, manufacturing technologies, microbiota and shelf life and spoilage of traditional fermented beverages were summarized along with how fermentation conditions could affect rheological properties of end product which are important during processing and storage. PMID:23859403

Altay, Filiz; Karbanc?oglu-Güler, Funda; Daskaya-Dikmen, Ceren; Heperkan, Dilek

2013-10-01

483

Erythrocyte membrane protein defects in hereditary spherocytosis patients in Turkish population.  

PubMed

Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a congenital hemolytic anemia which is characterized by spherocytes in peripheral blood and increased osmotic fragility test. The disease is caused by defects in red cell membrane cytoskeleton. In this study, we investigated erythrocyte membrane protein defects in 50 Turkish HS patients and 42 controls. We used sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) to identify the protein defects causing HS. The patients were from 27 families (39 kindred and 11 unrelated patients). They were aged between 6 months and 53 years and the mean age was 18.75 (±14.70) years. Protein deficiencies related to HS were demonstrated in 42% of study group. There was not any statistically significant relation between the protein deficiency and hemoglobin levels. Isolated or combined spectrin deficiency was the most common protein abnormality among our patients. Spectrin deficiency was detected in 22% of cases (11/50), ankyrin deficiency in 8% (4/50), protein 4.2 deficiency in 8% (4/50), combined spectrin and protein 4.2 deficiency in 2% (1/50), combined spectrin and ankyrin deficiency in 2% (1/50). Fifty-eight percent of cases (29/50) showed normal protein contents. PMID:22889517

Ayhan, Aylin Canbolat; Yildiz, Inci; Yüzba??o?lu, Sedef; Celkan, Tiraje; Apak, Hilmi; Ozkan, Alp; Karaman, Serap

2012-07-01

484

Physical self-perception of elite athletes and nonathletes: a Turkish sample.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical self-perception and sports participation by comparing physical self-perception in a sample of elite Turkish athletes and a nonathletic control group. A total of 329 elite athletes from variety of sports at the national level (n(men)=207; M(age)=19.1 yr., SD=3.3 and n(women)=122; M(age)=18.5 yr., SD=3.6) and 469 nonathletic university students (n(men)=275; M(age)=20.8, SD=1.6 and n(women)=194; M(age)=20.7 yr., SD=1.7) voluntarily participated and answered the Physical Self-perception Profile. Scores for the elite athletes were significantly different from those of nonathletes on self-perception in all psychomotor subdomains. Further, physical self-perception of athletes and nonathletes also differed with regard to their sex. PMID:15648507

A?çi, F Hülya

2004-12-01

485

Determination of Mould and Aflatoxin Contamination in Tarhana, a Turkish Fermented Food  

PubMed Central

Tarhana is a popular traditional Turkish cereal-based fermented food product mainly produced at home or at home-scale level. Some certain mould species can grow even at low moisture and pH values and produce aflatoxins in food. This study was conducted to determine aflatoksin levels in tarhana. For this purpose, a total of 138 tarhana powder samples were collected from bazaars in Istanbul and analyzed for aflatoxins, mould contamination, and some physco-chemical parameters. As a result, 32 out of 138 tarhana samples (23.2%) were found to be contaminated with aflatoxins in the range of 0.7–16.8??g/kg, whereas 29 samples contained Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) ranging from 0.2–13.2??g/kg. All samples (100%) contaminated with moulds in the range of 1.4 × 101?–5.8 × 107cfu/g. The average pH, moisture and aw results were detected as 3.82, 12.71%, and 0.695, respectively. PMID:22623886

Colak, Hilal; Hampikyan, Hamparsun; Bingol, Enver Baris; Cetin, Omer; Akhan, Meryem; Turgay, Sumeyre Ipek

2012-01-01

486

Peer-Supported Diabetes Prevention Program for Turkish- and Arabic-Speaking Communities in Australia  

PubMed Central

In Australia, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are more prevalent in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities than mainstream Australians. Purpose. To develop, implement, and evaluate culturally sensitive peer-supported diabetes education program for the prevention of type 2 diabetes in high-risk middle-aged Turkish- and Arabic-speaking people. Methods. A two-day training program was developed. Ten bilingual peer leaders were recruited from existing health and social networks in Melbourne and were trained by diabetes educators. Each leader recruited 10 high-risk people for developing diabetes. Questionnaires were administered, and height, weight, and waist circumference were measured at baseline and three months after the intervention. The intervention comprised two 2-hour group sessions and 30 minutes reinforcement and support telephone calls. Results. 94 individuals (73% women) completed the program. Three months after the program, the participants' mean body weight (before?=?78.1?kg, after?=?77.3; Z score?=??3.415, P = 0.001) and waist circumference (Z?=??2.569, P = 0.004) were reduced, their diabetes knowledge was enhanced, and lifestyle behaviours were significantly improved. Conclusions. A short diabetes prevention program delivered by bilingual peers was associated with improved diabetes awareness, changed lifestyle behaviour, and reduction in body weight 3 months after intervention. The findings are encouraging and should stimulate a larger control-designed study. PMID:24959573

Sulaiman, Nabil; Hadj, Elaine; Hussein, Amal; Young, Doris

2013-01-01

487

Biological screening of some Turkish medicinal plant extracts for antimicrobial and toxicity activities.  

PubMed

Screening of antibacterial activity and toxicity of 22 aqueous plant extracts from 17 Turkish plants was conducted. Antibacterial activity was performed with six bacteria including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Extracts of Tussilago farfara leaves, Helichyrsum plicatum flowers, Solanum dulcamara aerial parts and Urtica dioica leaves gave the best inhibitory activity against S. pyogenes, S. aureus and S. epidermidis. Of the 22 plant extracts, 20 extracts displayed toxicity (LC50 was <1000 mg L(-1)) in the brine shrimp bioassay. For radish seed bioassay, two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with a comparison between two concentrations (50,000 mg L(-1) and 10,000 mg L(-1)). At low concentration (10,000 mg L(-1)), S. dulcamara aerial parts and Primula vulgaris leaf extracts were observed to inhibit the root length more than the other plant extracts. Also, the most inhibitive plant extract for seed germination was obtained with S. dulcamara aerial parts. PMID:18075897

Turker, A U; Usta, C

2008-01-20

488

Use of New Media by Turkish Fans in Sport Communication: Facebook and Twitter  

PubMed Central

This research examines the use of Facebook and Twitter, two social networks, for sportive reasons in Turkey. To this end, the literature was surveyed and a 5 Likert type data collection tool consisting of 21 questions was developed by the researcher based on the expert views. The sample of the research included 460 sport fans who are college students at Abant ?zzet Baysal University and Sakarya University. It was found in the research that 91.7% of the participants had a profile on Facebook and 13.3% had a profile on Twitter. The rate of opening an account on Twitter, which still has no version in Turkish language, was low. It was found that the fans mostly followed the official site of their favorite team on Facebook, got informed about the sports activities through Facebook and learned news, which they did not hear from other sources. It was also ascertained that male fans used social networks for sportive reasons more than female fans did (p<.05). It is possible to state that social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become a rapidly-developing alternative medium in sports against traditional media such as newspaper and television. PMID:23487565

Ozsoy, Selami

2011-01-01

489

An Application Domain Extension to CityGML for immovable property taxation: A Turkish case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is generally acknowledged that immovable property taxes are one of the main revenue sources for local government. The literature emphasizes that the administration of property taxes needs well-developed inventories or registers that provide complete and accurate records of the taxed properties and their legal-economic attributes. This requirement is generally fulfilled by Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) in which the coordinate exchange and sharing of geo-spatial data is provided by separate registers/information systems such as: cadastral systems, building and address registers. Recently, the Open Geospatial Consortium presented a core component of a 3D SDI in the form of an international domain standard for representing, storing and exchanging 3D city models. The CityGML allows the semantic and 3D geometrical representation of physical objects but does not deal with the legal and administrative aspects of the city objects which are required for the process of property taxation. This paper outlines the development of an Application Domain Extension (ADE) for the immovable property taxation domain that expands the CityGML data model with the legal and administrative concepts defined in Turkish Law. The study shows that this ADE could be a 3D national data model for municipal information systems and facilitate a more efficient taxation process, as well as providing data for urban planning, facility management and other municipal services.

Ça?da?, Volkan

2013-04-01

490

Association of LOXL1 gene polymorphisms with exfoliation syndrome/glaucoma and primary open angle glaucoma in a Turkish population  

PubMed Central

Purpose To investigate the association of lysyl oxidase like 1 (LOXL1) variants with exfoliation syndrome (XFS), exfoliation glaucoma (XFG), and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in a Turkish population. Methods Two LOXL1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs1048661 (R141L) and rs3825942 (G153D), were analyzed in 300 Turkish patients (100 patients with XFS, 100 patients with XFG, 100 patients with POAG) and 100 control subjects. Results The T allele of rs1048661 was underrepresented in patients with XFS (odds ratio [OR]=0.334, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.198–0.564, p=2.54×10?5) and XFG (OR=0.366, 95% CI: 0.219–0.611, p=8.56×10?5) compared to the control subjects. None of the patients with XFS or XFG had the A allele of rs3825942, whereas 16% of the control subjects had that variant (OR=0.025, 95% CI: 0.003–0.188, p=3.69×10?9). No association was observed between the SNPs studied and POAG. By using logistic regression analysis, the effect of rs1048661 remained significant (p=8.45×10?8) after controlling for the effect of rs3825942, whereas rs3825942 was not significant with conditioning on rs1048661. Female gender was protective against the disease controlling with the effect of the two SNPs (OR=0.527, 95% CI: 0.358–0.776, p=0.001). Conclusions The findings of the current study indicate that in a logistic regression analysis model the T allele of rs1048661 is the most important risk-modifying factor for the development of XFS and XFG. Our results also confirm in a Turkish population the findings of previous reports describing the association between LOXL1 polymorphisms and XFS/XFG but not with POAG. The allele and genotype distribution in this cohort appear to be similar to those of Caucasians. PMID:23378724

Kas?m, Burcu; Alikasifoglu, Mehmet; Orhan, Mehmet; Mocan, Mehmet Cem; Aktas, Dilek

2013-01-01

491

Acculturation and use of health care services by Turkish and Moroccan migrants: a cross-sectional population-based study  

PubMed Central

Background There is insufficient empirical evidence which shows if and how there is an interrelation between acculturation and health care utilisation. The present study seeks to establish this evidence within first generation Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest migrant groups in present-day Western Europe. Methods Data were derived from the Amsterdam Health Monitor 2004, and were complete for 358 Turkish and 288 Moroccan foreign-born migrants. Use of health services (general practitioner, outpatient specialist and health care for mental health problems) was measured by means of self-report. Acculturation was measured by a structured questionnaire grading (i) ethnic self-identification, (ii) social interaction with ethnic Dutch, (iii) communication in Dutch within one's private social network, (iv) emancipation, and (v) cultural orientation towards the public domain. Results Acculturation was hardly associated with the use of general practitioner care. However, in case of higher adaptation to the host culture there was less uptake of outpatient specialist care among Turkish respondents (odds ratio [OR] = 0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.82-0.99) and Moroccan male respondents (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93). Conversely, there was a higher uptake of mental health care among Turkish men (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93) and women (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93). Uptake of mental health care among Moroccan respondents again appeared lower (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.55-0.99). Language ability appeared to play a central role in the uptake of health care. Conclusion Some results were in accordance with the popular view that an increased participation in the host society is concomitant to an increased use of health services. However, there was heterogeneity across ethnic and gender groups, and across the domains of acculturation. Language ability appeared to play a central role. Further research needs to explore this heterogeneity into more detail. Also, other cultural and/or contextual aspects that influence the use of health services require further identification. PMID:19744326

Fassaert, Thijs; Hesselink, Arlette E; Verhoeff, Arnoud P

2009-01-01

492

Effects of the Original Versus Revised Bloom's Taxonomy on Lesson Planning Skills: A Turkish Study Among Pre-Service Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original taxonomy of educational objectives, developed by Benjamin S.?Bloom and his associates in the 1950s, was revised several decades later by a group of educationists and cognitive psychologists, who developed a revised taxonomy (RT). This article describes a Turkish study carried out among a group of pre-service teachers in order to compare the influence of the two systems on lesson planning skills. The results confirmed other studies that have indicated a number of advantages of the revised system over the earlier one.

Bümen, Nilay T.

2007-07-01

493

Differences in the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes between Women of Turkish and German Origin: An Analysis of Health Insurance Data From a Statutory Health Insurance in Berlin, Germany (AOK), 2005-2007  

PubMed Central

Background: Gestational diabetes increases the risk of maternal and infant complications and long-term health effects. A study of differences in the incidence of gestational diabetes between women of Turkish and German origin can identify high risk groups and may indicate the need for culturally sensitive diabetes information and treatment during pregnancy. Method: We analysed all pregnancy related health insurance data from the AOK Berlin (a statutory health insurance in Berlin) based on data from 2005 to 2007, using a name algorithm to identify cases with Turkish migrant background. A group of German women insured with the AOK Berlin served as a comparison group. Results: After exclusion of miscarriages and multiple births the data set comprised 3338 pregnancies in total. The incidence of gestational diabetes was significantly higher in women of Turkish origin with 183 per 1000 pregnancies than in German women (138 per 1000 pregnancies). Regression analyses showed that women of Turkish origin with obesity were at the highest risk of gestational diabetes (OR?=?2.67; 95?% confidence interval 1.97–3.60). Conclusion: Obesity is an important factor in explaining the higher incidence of gestational diabetes in women of Turkish origin, especially among young Turkish women. These findings should stimulate discussion as to whether or not information about risk factors such as diabetes within the scope of prenatal care adequately addresses the needs of migrant women. Further research is needed to identify potential differences in undetected and primarily in insufficiently treated gestational diabetes between Turkish and German women.

Reeske, A.; Zeeb, H.; Razum, O.; Spallek, J.

2012-01-01

494

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-06-01

495

Participatory approaches to promote healthy lifestyles among Turkish and Moroccan women in Amsterdam.  

PubMed

Although it is recognized that community health promotion succeeds or fails by level of participation, effectiveness and benefits of community programs are underestimated, because participation is seldom monitored and evaluated. In the Dutch "Healthy Lifestyle Westerpark" program in Amsterdam, participation was both the main working principle and the main goal.Between 2003 and 2006, the Municipal Health Service (MHS) carried out a qualitative study on the background of overweight in Turkish and Moroccan women aged 25 to 45 years and on possibilities for promoting health with and for the target group. The aim of the program was to increase the women's participation and to evaluate participation levels in all phases. The research aim of this paper is to contribute to the development of participatory methods.Needs assessment and intervention development phases resulted in implementation of aerobic lessons and nutrition interventions. In the evaluation phase, participation levels were measured using Pretty's typology in focus groups.Results show that women appreciate participating in the program. Increase in physical activity was not measured. Women's knowledge about healthy food increased, women changed behavior by buying healthier food ingredients and women continued to participate.Participatory approaches facilitate participation at the desired level in the different phases of the program. Participatory approaches are time-consuming but worthwhile. Pretty's typology is useful to measure degree of participation, although methods can be improved and the meaning of participation should be reconsidered.The added value of this article is twofold: 1. it demonstrates that participatory methods and tools both facilitate and evaluate participation, and 2. it shows how to evaluate the degree of participation. PMID:19066234

Wagemakers, Annemarie; Corstjens, Renée; Koelen, Maria; Vaandrager, Lenneke; Van't Riet, Hilda; Dijkshoorn, Henriëtte

2008-12-01

496

Behavioral and Emotional Problems Among Turkish Children at Ages 2 to 3 Years  

PubMed Central

Objective Within the framework of the Mental Health Surveys of Turkey, the authors investigated the distribution and prevalence of parent-reported behavioral and emotional problems in a nationally representative sample of 2- to 3-year-old children. Method A cross-sectional population-based survey from October 1996 through March 1997 using a self-weighted and equal probability sample of Turkish toddlers (N = 638) was conducted. The Child Behavior Checklist Total Problem scores and