Sample records for turkish reactor-1

  1. Turkish Students' Force Meanings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menekse, Muhsin; Clark, Douglas B.; Ozdemir, Gokhan; D'angelo, Cynthia; Scheligh, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    What are Turkish pre, elementary, middle, and high school students' force ideas? And, how do Turkish students' non-normative force ideas differ or be similar to the well-known force misconceptions reported in the literature? Students have false and persistent beliefs about the physical world and they struggle with challenging misconceptions based…

  2. Turkish Basic Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    These 14 volumes of the Defense Language Institute's basic course in Turkish consist of 112 lesson units designed to train native English language speakers to Level 3 proficiency in comprehending, speaking, reading, and writing Turkish. (Native-speaker fluency is Level 5.) An introduction to the sound system, vowel harmony, and syllable division…

  3. Turkish 12 Week Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Defense Language Inst., Washington, DC.

    This audiolingual beginner's course has been prepared for the Defense Language Institute intensive program in modern spoken Turkish. The course, consisting of six volumes of basic text in 55 units begins with an introductory section which presents the linguistic background, phonology, and distinguishing features of Turkish. The lesson format…

  4. Turkish Academics in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deniz Bayrakdar

    When I was invited to contribute a chapter to this book on the situation of Turkish higher education, I found myself humming\\u000a “An Englishman in New York”: the writer of the song set out as a poor teacher himself, and probably had to go through much\\u000a hardship before he ended up as a star in the ‘Big Apple’. Turkish academics,

  5. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  6. Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return.

    PubMed

    Vasileva, D

    1992-01-01

    The main factors which determined the 1989 migration of Turks in Bulgaria back to Turkey are discussed. Background history is provided. After World War I, Turks in bulgaria comprised 10% of the total population. Bulgarian policy had been, up to the 1980s to send Rumelian Turks back, but the policy after 1980 was one of a national revival process to integrate Turks into the developed socialist society. Muslim traditions, customs, and Turkish language were interfered with. International disfavor resulted. In May 1989, the Communist Party declared, in an effort to show democratic ideals, open borders. Thus began the new emigration wave. 369,839 people fled to the Turkish border. 43% of the 9.47 ethnic Turks in bulgaria went to Turkey within 4 months. The numbers decreased in November, and soon after the communist regime ended. New laws were adopted allowing Turks to assume their original Turkish names. The huge migration was clearly political, and as such, the emigrant Turks should be determined as refugees and asylum seekers. The provocation of ethnic Turks was used by the communist regime to solve potential social conflicts. Not only did Turks flee to escape from violence or for religious, cultural, and moral reasons but also due to free market initiatives begun in Turkey in the early 1980s which improved Turkish quality of life. Food and consumer goods were cheaper and economic advantages were perceived. Emigrants were primarily peasants with lower levels of education, professional qualifications, and labor skills. 154,937 (42%) returned to bulgaria and 58% stayed in Turkey to comprise 25% of the former Turkish population. During this period, tensions between countries was high.l Bulgarians actively encouraged emigration and Turkey welcomed it. The emigrants to Turkey were seen as foreigners (muhacir or gocmen) but were received with good will and were readily accepted into menial positions. Emigrants were confronted with political, linguistic, and cultural differences. The unifying factor was the Islamic religion. For those returning to Bulgaria, the change in regime meant the government worked to solve the emigrants' housing problems and teaching Turkish in primary and secondary schools. The result of this massive migration has been a change in the demographics and social structure of Bulgaria, and the realization that forceful migration is inefficient in solving problems. PMID:12285857

  7. Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tas, Halil I.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

  8. PARSING TURKISH SENTENCES FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE WATERMARKING

    E-print Network

    Güngör, Tunga

    , methodologies, and de- sign decisions for transforming a Treebank for Turkish Language to a hierarchical model for information hiding in natural language text can be grouped under two categories. First group is basedPARSING TURKISH SENTENCES FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE WATERMARKING Ersin Ihsan ¨Unkar June 2007 Submitted

  9. Voice onset times for Turkish stop consonants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatih Ögüt; Mehmet Akif Kiliç; Erkan Zeki Engin; Rasit Midilli

    2006-01-01

    In this study, we aimed to determine the average VOT (voice onset time) values of the Turkish stop consonants by using 30 volunteers (15 female and 15 male). For this aim, we measured the VOT values of the six Turkish stops (i.e., \\/p\\/, \\/b\\/, \\/t\\/, \\/d\\/, \\/k\\/ and \\/?\\/), which were uttered by 30 subjects in three times, on wideband

  10. Interaction in Turkish Distance Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usun, Salih

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this article is to review the interaction in the Turkish distance education system, Open Education Faculty (OEF) of Anadolu University. The article examines the Turkish distance education system, according to the following four types of interactions; (a) learner content interaction, (b) learner-instructor interaction, (c)…

  11. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  12. Shifting Turkish American Identity Formations in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ilhan Kaya

    2003-01-01

    This dissertation examines Turkish-American identity formations in the United States. Through a case study based in the New York metropolitan area, this study explores how the contestation and negotiation of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-American identity is grounded in place and across space. It examines Turkish-Americaness in relation to Westerness, Muslimness, Arabness, Americaness, and Turkishness. The study problematizes ethnic and racial

  13. Turkish residential real estate investment analysis

    E-print Network

    Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

  14. A Natural Language Processing Infrastructure for Turkish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. C. Cem SAY; Özlem ÇETNOLU

    We built an open-source software platform in- tended to serve as a common infrastructure that can be of use in the development of new applica- tions involving the processing of Turkish. The platform incorporates a lexicon, a morphological analyzer\\/generator, and a DCG parser\\/generator that translates Turkish sentences to predicate logic formulas, and a knowledge base frame- work. Several developers have

  15. Anti-money laundering under Turkish law

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Güne? Okuyucu

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the anti-money laundering legislation and its implementation under Turkish law. The steps taken to combat money laundering in Turkey and the importance of combating money laundering for Turkey are also analyzed in the paper. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In the paper the main features of the Turkish anti-money laundering laws and regulations

  16. Turkish Language Student Teachers' Use of Instructional Materials in Teaching Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yazici Okuyan, Hülya

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to identify which materials Turkish student teachers use in teaching practicum and the usage characteristics of these materials. This is a descriptive study using survey model. The participants of the study were 75 final year students, 35 females and 40 males, studying at the Turkish Language Teaching Department of…

  17. Perceived antecedents of marital satisfaction among Turkish, Turkish-Dutch, and Dutch couples.

    PubMed

    Celenk, Ozgur; van de Vijver, Fons J R

    2013-01-01

    We studied mainstream couples in The Netherlands and Turkey as well as Turkish-Dutch immigrant couples to address cultural factors associated with marital satisfaction. A total of 13 Turkish (mainstream couples living in Turkey), 19 Turkish-Dutch (Turkish immigrant couples living in The Netherlands), and 17 Dutch (mainstream couples living in The Netherlands) married dyads (total of 98 individuals) were independently interviewed about positive and negative characteristics of marriages, determinants of general marital satisfaction and dissatisfaction, spousal communication, marital conflict, and marital roles. Multivariate tests revealed ethnic group differences on all marriage-related domains except the conflict resolution strategies. However, univariate analyses showed differences in few themes within domains; main differences were assessed between the Turkish/Turkish-Dutch (who put more emphasis on children and economical aspects) and Dutch couples (who put more emphasis on behavior, and personality of the spouse, reciprocity, emotional sharing, and psychological roles). Turkish-Dutch couples were more similar to Turkish than to Dutch couples. Results were discussed in light of the socioeconomic development and cultural value theories, which are believed to provide a useful framework for understanding the role of culture in marital satisfaction. PMID:23126343

  18. E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgalas, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

  19. Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

  20. Diffusion of Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isman, Aytekin

    1997-01-01

    One of the most important initiatives of Turkish higher education is the Open Education Faculty (OEF), which uses telecommunication technologies to deliver distance education. Discusses Turkish distance education and limitations of the Turkish OEF: lack of up-to-date technology, perception that graduates of the OEF are not as qualified as those of…

  1. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity with age, whereas Turkish and Turkish Belgian adolescents were more religious regardless of age. Acculturating adolescents reaffirmed religion as compared with monocultural adolescents in Turkey. Religious reaffirmation was related to cultural values of interdependence, heritage culture maintenance, and ethnic identification. PMID:23155300

  2. Internet use among Turkish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Tahiroglu, Aysegul Yolga; Celik, Gonca G; Uzel, Mehtap; Ozcan, Neslihan; Avci, Ayse

    2008-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate Internet use habits and problematic Internet use (PIU) in Turkish adolescents. Participants were 3,975 undergraduate students, 7.6% of whom used the Internet for more than 12 hours weekly. The Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was used. The most common purpose for using the Internet was playing games, followed by general information search. Female users mostly preferred searching for general information; male users preferred playing games (p < 0.001, gamma = 995.205). The most preferred type of game was violent games. While preference for strategy and fantasy role-play (FRP) games increased with age, preference for other games decreased (p < 0.0001, gamma = 283.767). Participants who used the Internet mostly for general information searches and school-related searches had lower OCS scores (p < 0.0001). The highest OCS scores were related to violent games, followed by FRP, strategy, and sports and motor racing games. Computers and the Internet are useful, important inventions, but like other inventions, if used improperly, they may be harmful. Risk of harm raises concerns about who should use the Internet and computers, and where, when, and why the Internet and computers should be used. PMID:18785800

  3. Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

    2009-04-01

    Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

  4. Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Bahri

    2010-01-01

    Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

  5. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  6. English Teaching Profile: Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    This review of the status of English language instruction in the Turkish community of Cyprus provides an overview of the social and political role of English in the society in general, and outlines the status of English use and instruction in the educational system at all levels (elementary, secondary, higher, adult, and teacher). Topics covered…

  7. Curriculum innovation in Turkish primary education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasemin K?rkgöz

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes how Turkish teachers of English in state primary education approach the implementation of a Communicative?Oriented Curriculum innovation and factors that impact on teachers' classroom practices. Using multidimensional research procedures, including a questionnaire, observations and teacher interviews, a picture has been developed of teachers' instructional practices and factors influencing their classroom practices. The findings revealed a gap between

  8. Turkish Student Teachers' Concerns about Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boz, Yezdan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the teaching concerns of Turkish student teachers and how these concerns differ among year groups within the teacher education programme. Data were collected from 339 student teachers using the Teacher Concerns Checklist. Analysis of the data, including both descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis…

  9. (Non-)Peripheral Matters in Turkish Syntax

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sener, Serkan

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the nature of word order variation in declarative and interrogative clauses in Turkish within the framework of the generative syntax. The specific issue that will be examined in this dissertation concerns the role of discourse-pragmatics in word order variation. I will argue that all movement…

  10. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  11. Discourse Anaphora in Turkish as Mother Tongue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2009-01-01

    The present paper researches the abilities of Turkish adults from Bulgaria to create narratives. It analyses the narratives of the adults using discourse strategies. The findings show some problems of bilingual adults in creating narratives which are not discussed in the scientific literature. This paper brings some new knowledge to the field of…

  12. Socialising spatial types in traditional Turkish houses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D Orhun; B Hillier; J Hanson

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we continue the argument which was presented in a previous paper in Environment and Planning B. There, two spatial genotypes were established within a sample of sixteen Turkish vernacular houses. The first was configurationally integrated around the principal living room or sofa, and the second was configured by means of the external paved courtyard which gave access

  13. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kemal Oflazer; Ilker Kuruoz

    1994-01-01

    Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applica- tions. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morpholog- ical disambiguation is a very crucial pro- cess in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambigu- ous. This paper

  14. Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkis, Secil

    2009-01-01

    This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

  15. Foreign banks: executive jobs for Turkish women?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oya Culpan; Toni Marzotto; Nazmi Demir

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the employment policies and practices of Turkish banks and how these practices affect the hiring and promotion of women. Turkey's banking sector consists of state-owned, private, and foreign banks. The overall restructuring of this sector along with the increase of foreign banks is an opportunity to enquire whether human resource

  16. Purification of the Medical Terms in Turkish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lütfiye Cengizhan; Ayfer Tan??

    2010-01-01

    In this study, it is intended to explore how the analysis of the conversation among the doctors and their patients in Turkish facilitate to develop textual and contextual understanding and to determine the importance of language planning in Turkey. In general term, the way the communicators interpret the speech presentation and text modes may vary from one situation to another.

  17. Evidentials and Source Knowledge in Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksu-Koc, Ayhan; Ogel-Balaban, Hale; Alp, Ercan

    2009-01-01

    Recent research has indicated that conceptual development in a specific domain may not be independent of the way it is mapped linguistically. We explore this claim in the semantic domain of evidentiality by considering various sets of data from Turkish-speaking children between one and a half to six years. We present evidence for (1) the…

  18. Homework Motivation and Preferences of Turkish Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Turkish students' motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5-8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender,…

  19. English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cetin, Gulcan

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

  20. A COINTEGRATION TEST FOR TURKISH FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET EFFICIENCY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Macide Çiçek

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the within-country market efficiency of the Turkish foreign exchange markets on the basis of the forward rate unbiasedness hypothesis, in case of the Turkish lira\\/US dollar and the Turkish lira\\/Euro for the period February 5, 2005 through July 26, 2013 by Johansen cointegration method. Unit root test results support the market efficiency in its weak-form. However, the

  1. Investigation of Turkish marbles as shielding materials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hamit Atasoy; Gökçe Tarcan; Sema Dökmen

    1992-01-01

    The natural Turkish marbles, especially Usak Green (UG), Aegean Purple (AP) and Marmara White (MW) were tested as shielding materials using standard gamma sources such as Co-60, Cs-137 and Eu-152. The experiment showed that UG, AP and MW are very effective shields against gamma-rays. The result for this experiment is that the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of UG, AP and MW

  2. Discursive constructions of language and identity: parents' competing perspectives in London Turkish complementary schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vally Lytra

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I demonstrate how parents brought up in Turkey and Cyprus

  3. Discursive Constructions of Language and Identity: Parents' Competing Perspectives in London Turkish Complementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lytra, Vally

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I…

  4. The Adaptation of Academic Motivation Scale to Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karaguven, M. Hulya Unal

    2012-01-01

    The current study evaluated the psychometric evidence of Turkish form of the Academic Motivation Scale. The scale was based on the tenets of self-determination theory. It was designed to assess an individual's academic motivation if intrinsically or extrinsically driven with 28 questions. University form of the scale was translated into Turkish

  5. Technical, scale and allocative efficiencies of Turkish banking industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ihsan Isik; M. Kabir Hassan

    2002-01-01

    This paper investigates input and output efficiency in the Turkish banking industry to understand the impact of size, international variables, ownership, control and governance on profit, cost, allocative, technical, pure technical and scale efficiency measures. Employing a non-parametric approach along with a parametric approach, we estimate the efficiency of Turkish banks over the 1988–1996 period. This period allows us to

  6. Learning Environment Profiles of Turkish Secondary Biology Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    den Brok, Perry; Telli, Sibel; Cakiroglu, Jale; Taconis, Ruurd; Tekkaya, Ceren

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to examine how Turkish students perceived their biology classroom environment, how their perceptions compared to those of students in other countries, and what classroom learning environment profiles could be discerned in Turkish high school biology classrooms. Data were gathered from 1,474 high school students in…

  7. Democracy through Learner-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Kaya

    2009-01-01

    Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article…

  8. Exploring Turkish Upper Primary Level Pupils' Understanding of Digestion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakici, Yilmaz

    2005-01-01

    This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The…

  9. Interactions between Turkish Mothers and Preschool Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diken, Ozlem; Mahoney, Gerald

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between Turkish mothers' style of interaction and the engagement of their preschool-aged children with autism. Data were collected from fifty mother-child dyads in which all children had diagnoses of autism. Video recordings of mother-child interaction were analyzed using the Turkish versions of the…

  10. A Comparative Study of Turkish and Belgian Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phalet, Karen; Claeys, Willem

    1993-01-01

    Studies the psychological relevance of individualistic-collectivistic value orientations for personal motivation among 341 Belgian youth and 309 Turkish youth, in Istanbul, and 100 Turkish and 140 Belgian youth, in a second Belgian city. Results support the importance of a modern urban context in individualism and collectivism. (SLD)

  11. Factors associated with stages of cigarette smoking among Turkish youth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nevbahar Ertas

    2007-01-01

    Background: This study examines prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among Turkish youth and transition among smoking stages. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) obtained from 15197 youth were used to study factors associated with various stages of cigarette smoking among Turkish youth. Results: Males and high-school students have higher odds of being susceptible to smoking

  12. THE ROLE OF LANGUAGE IN THE FORMATION OF TURKISH NATIONAL IDENTITY AND TURKISHNESS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AY?EGÜL AYDINGÜN; ?SMA?L AYDINGÜN

    2004-01-01

    Although not a reflection of liberal ideals, the Ottoman Empire had no official language policy or policies that standardized education. For the Ottoman rulers, the main aim was to maintain power and ensure the continuation of the Empire. However, the Turkish Republic was founded with the modernist idea of a nation-state, and therefore it required a common culture. As a

  13. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

  14. Composition of the Turkish Cumin Seed Oil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. H. C. Baser; M. Kürkçüoglu; T. Özek

    1992-01-01

    The steam and water distilled oils of Turkish cumin seed (Cuminumcyminum L.) were examined by a combination of GC and GC\\/MS. The major compounds characterized in the oils were cuminaldehyde (19.25–27.02%), p-mentha-l,3-dien-7-al (4.29–12.26%), p-mentha-l,4-dien-7-al (24.48–44.91%), ?-terpinene (7.06–14.10%), p-cymene (4.61–12.01%) and ?-pinene (2.98–8.90%). The mode of distillation and pregrinding of the cumin seed had a pronounced effect on the composition of

  15. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    PubMed

    Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

    1993-02-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. PMID:8493634

  16. Quality of life among Turkish immigrants in Sweden

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nuran Bayram; Daniel Thorburn; Haydar Demirhan; Nazan Bilgel

    2007-01-01

    Objectives  To assess quality of life among Turkish immigrants in Sweden by using the WHOQOL-100 scale and to evaluate the domains’ contribution\\u000a to explain the variance in the quality of life of the immigrants. Our hypothesis was QOL among Turkish immigrants in Sweden\\u000a are better than Turkish people who are living in their home country.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Material and methods  This study was performed

  17. Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean mitochondrial lineage DR Smith) Summary — Honey bees were collected from12 localities in Turkey. The mitochondrial genomes lineages of honey bee mitochondrial DNA (west European, east Mediterranean and African). Based

  18. A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

    2007-01-01

    Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

  19. Topics in Turkish syntax : clausal structure and scope

    E-print Network

    Kelepir, Meltem

    2001-01-01

    This dissertation asks two main questions for Turkish: (i) what is the interaction between verbal morphology and the structure?, and (ii) what is the interaction between word order and interpretation? Following Kornfilt ...

  20. Opportunities and obstacles for foreign investors in Turkish real estate

    E-print Network

    Halkali, Hasan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the Turkish real estate market from the viewpoint of foreign investors contemplating entering into that market. Since 2002, the government of Turkey has been implementing an aggressive economic reform ...

  1. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.

    PubMed

    Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

  2. Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

    2014-05-01

    The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

  3. Korea Research Reactor -1 & 2 Decommissioning Project in Korea

    SciTech Connect

    Park, S. K.; Chung, U. S.; Jung, K. J.; Park, J. H.

    2003-02-24

    Korea Research Reactor 1 (KRR-1), the first research reactor in Korea, has been operated since 1962, and the second one, Korea Research Reactor 2 (KRR-2) since 1972. The operation of both of them was phased out in 1995 due to their lifetime and operation of the new and more powerful research reactor, HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor; 30MW). Both are TRIGA Pool type reactors in which the cores are small self-contained units sitting in tanks filled with cooling water. The KRR-1 is a TRIGA Mark II, which could operate at a level of up to 250 kW. The second one, the KRR-2 is a TRIGA Mark III, which could operate at a level of up 2,000 kW. The decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) project of these two research reactors, the first D & D project in Korea, was started in January 1997 and will be completed to stage 3 by 2008. The aim of this decommissioning program is to decommission the KRR-1 & 2 reactors and to decontaminate the residual building structure s and the site to release them as unrestricted areas. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) submitted the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment reports to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) for the license in December 1998, and was approved in November 2000.

  4. Tactics of diabetes control: Turkish immigrant experiences with chronic illness in Berlin, Germany. 

    E-print Network

    Guell, Cornelia

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores Turkish migrants’ practices of diabetes care in Germany. Health statistics frequently identify minority groups as vulnerable to chronic illness and Turkish-origin Germans are said to be more likely ...

  5. 76 FR 30751 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Turkish Taste at the Court...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-26

    ...Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie-Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice...determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie- Antoinette,'' imported...

  6. Somatic complaint differences between Turkish immigrants and Belgians: do all roads lead to Rome?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Koen Beirens; J. R. J. Fontaine

    2011-01-01

    Objective. Turkish immigrants have been found to report more somatic complaints compared to western majority groups. The present study investigates the combination of two cultural explanations (somatization versus psychologization and emotion mediation) with two acculturative explanations (acculturative stress versus acculturative transition) to explain these differences.Design. In total, 144 Turkish immigrants, 353 Belgian majority members, and 222 Turkish majority members were

  7. Validity and Reliability of a Turkish Version of the Friendship Activity Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nalbant, Sibel; Aktop, Abdurrahman; Ozer, Dilara; Hutzler, Yeshayahu

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Turkish version of the Friendship Activity Scale (FAS). Both the English and Turkish versions of the FAS were administered to 36 students to check for language equivalence. The Turkish version of the FAS was then administered to 226 students to ensure internal consistency, and to 61…

  8. Developing and Testing a Turkish Version of Torrance's Tests of Creative Thinking: A Study of Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aslan, A. Esra; Puccio, Gerard J.

    2006-01-01

    The present study had two purposes. The first was to translate one of the most popular creativity measures in the West, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, into Turkish and to check the equivalency of the Turkish version against the original English measure. The second, after developing an equivalent form of the TTCT in Turkish, was to…

  9. Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Otcu, Bahar

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

  10. Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners

    SciTech Connect

    Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

    2007-02-15

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

  11. Health Risks Faced by Turkish Agricultural Workers

    PubMed Central

    Çakmur, Hülya

    2014-01-01

    Background. Individuals who make a living through agriculture and animal husbandry are faced with a variety of physical and psychological health risks. In many international studies, it has been shown that these risks can result in disease. The purpose of this study is to summarize the health risks faced by Turkish agricultural workers. Materials and Methods. This study used a nonrandom, convenience sample. The biopsychosocial health statuses of 177 farmers from 11 central villages in Kars, Turkey, were examined. Results. It was determined that the depression rate among the study group was 62.1%, the rate of physical health problems was 52.0%, and the rate of social isolation was 53.7%. There was a statistically significant difference between the depression scale scores and lower education levels, having ? three children, and physical health problems, as well as the physical condition of the farmers' homes. There was a significant difference between poor physical health and older age, lower education levels, having ? three children, and social isolation. Conclusions. In providing data-based evidence, it is believed that this study will contribute considerably to understanding the causality of health problems in this population and in planning the development of public health and veterinary services based on regional needs. PMID:25054165

  12. Whole Genome Sequence of a Turkish Individual

    PubMed Central

    Dogan, Haluk; Can, Handan; Otu, Hasan H.

    2014-01-01

    Although whole human genome sequencing can be done with readily available technical and financial resources, the need for detailed analyses of genomes of certain populations still exists. Here we present, for the first time, sequencing and analysis of a Turkish human genome. We have performed 35x coverage using paired-end sequencing, where over 95% of sequencing reads are mapped to the reference genome covering more than 99% of the bases. The assembly of unmapped reads rendered 11,654 contigs, 2,168 of which did not reveal any homology to known sequences, resulting in ?1 Mbp of unmapped sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery resulted in 3,537,794 SNP calls with 29,184 SNPs identified in coding regions, where 106 were nonsense and 259 were categorized as having a high-impact effect. The homo/hetero zygosity (1,415,123?2,122,671 or 1?1.5) and transition/transversion ratios (2,383,204?1,154,590 or 2.06?1) were within expected limits. Of the identified SNPs, 480,396 were potentially novel with 2,925 in coding regions, including 48 nonsense and 95 high-impact SNPs. Functional analysis of novel high-impact SNPs revealed various interaction networks, notably involving hereditary and neurological disorders or diseases. Assembly results indicated 713,640 indels (1?1.09 insertion/deletion ratio), ranging from ?52 bp to 34 bp in length and causing about 180 codon insertion/deletions and 246 frame shifts. Using paired-end- and read-depth-based methods, we discovered 9,109 structural variants and compared our variant findings with other populations. Our results suggest that whole genome sequencing is a valuable tool for understanding variations in the human genome across different populations. Detailed analyses of genomes of diverse origins greatly benefits research in genetics and medicine and should be conducted on a larger scale. PMID:24416366

  13. Obesity risk factors in Turkish children.

    PubMed

    Garipagaoglu, Muazzez; Budak, Nurten; Süt, Necdet; Akdikmen, Oznur; Oner, Naci; Bundak, Rüveyde

    2009-08-01

    On the basis of the knowledge that the prevalence of obesity in children has increased steadily in recent years, this study aimed to assess the association between obesity and certain risk factors in a group of 6- to 14-year-old children living in Istanbul. The study was carried out at the Istanbul University School of Medicine Hospital. Data were collected from 592 children aged between 6 and 14 years who were examined in general pediatrics clinics. Weight and height measurements were performed on the children and their parents. The children were classified as obese and nonobese in accordance with the body mass index reference values for Turkish children. Energy intake of children was estimated with a 3-day food consumption recording form. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the information from the parents on possible risk factors causing obesity. The physical activity state of the children was assessed. A logistic regression model was developed to examine the relationships between obesity and possible risk factors. Almost 32% (n = 184) and 69% (n = 408) of children were assessed as obese and nonobese, respectively. Although there was no difference in daily energy intakes of obese and nonobese children, 13.6% of obese and 40.9% of nonobese children were reported to do physical activity regularly. Obesity was strongly associated with parental obesity. Furthermore, energy intake; having regular physical activity; presence of obesity in the mother, the father, and the mother's family; and having a mother working out of home were also significantly associated with obesity. Creating awareness in mothers on the importance of a healthy nutrition and encouraging families to participate in physical activities are important points in the prevention of childhood obesity. PMID:19632511

  14. The Practice of Cultural Studies in the Turkish Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raw, Laurence

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the author focuses on how cultural studies has been translated into the Turkish context in terms of modernization, and how the process of remaking it has raised some interesting questions about interdisciplinarity. Should it exist or should it be rejected on the grounds that it seeks to abandon established disciplinary models (and…

  15. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  16. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  17. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  18. Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

  19. The Philosophy of Turkish National and Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toprakci, Erdal; Buldu, Serkan; Bozpolat, Ebru; Oflaz, Gulcin; Dagdeviren, Iclal; Ture, Ersin

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to establish whether the Basic Law of National Education and the Law of Higher Education, both of which give direction to the Turkish educational system, are based on any educational philosophy trends, and to what extent. For this purpose, both laws were investigated using the "document analysis" method. All the data obtained were…

  20. A Corpus for Computational Research of Turkish Makam Music

    E-print Network

    such as audio recordings, music scores, lyrics and editorial metadata. However, most of these re- sources recordings, 2200 music scores with lyrics and 27000 instances of editorial metadata related to Turkish makam consist of multiple information sources such as audio recordings, music scores, lyrics and editorial

  1. AUTOMATIC LYRICS-TO-AUDIO ALIGNMENT IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MUSIC

    E-print Network

    AUTOMATIC LYRICS-TO-AUDIO ALIGNMENT IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MUSIC Georgi Dzhambazov, Sertan S. INTRODUCTION Lyrics are one of the most important musical components of vocal music. When a performance, the automatic synchronization between lyrics and music poses a user-demanded research question. By applying

  2. Economies of Scale and Scope in Turkish Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Darrell R.; Dundar, Halil

    1995-01-01

    Examines production and cost structures of 28 Turkish universities to estimate their economies of scale and scope. Estimates multiproduct cost functions for teaching and research, examining social, health, and engineering sciences departments across 186 college faculties. Average incremental and marginal costs are highest for graduate instruction…

  3. An analysis of Turkish high school students' metacognition and motivation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Semra Sungur; Burcu Senler

    2009-01-01

    The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms of knowledge of cognition (declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, and conditional knowledge) and regulation of cognition (planning, information

  4. Turkish Teachers' Expectancies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bulbin

    2011-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate (a) which social skills were accepted as critical for success in inclusive classrooms according to the Turkish general classroom teachers and (b) whether the teachers' expectancies related to social skills of the students with and without disabilities differed. The importance dimension of the Social…

  5. Anthropometric Breast Measurement: A Study of 385 Turkish Female Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilek K. Av?ar; Ahmet C. Ayg?t; Erol Benlier; Hüsamettin Top; O?uz Ta?k?nalp

    2010-01-01

    Background: Anthropometric measurements and proportions of the human body have made a significant contribution to the science of aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.Objective: The present study was performed to measure anthropometric breast values in Turkish female students and compare them with those of women in other nations.Methods: The study included 385 female undergraduate student volunteers between the ages of 18

  6. PUTTING INTERACTION BACK INTO CHILD LANGUAGE: EXAMPLES FROM TURKISH

    Microsoft Academic Search

    AYLÝN C. KÜNTAY; Dan I. Slobin

    2002-01-01

    As in the case of other non-English languages, the study of the acquisition of Turkish has mostly focused on aspects of grammatical morphology and syntax, largely neglecting the study of the effect of interactional factors on child morphosyntax. This paper reviews indications from past research that studying input and adult-child discourse can facilitate the study of the acquisition of morphosyntax

  7. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  8. Market Segmentation of European and Turkish Travels to North Cyprus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NURDAN YAVUZ; SEHYMUS BA?O?LU; MUZAFFER UYSAL

    1998-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to examine visitor characteristics and travel behavior of European and Turkish travelers visiting North Cyprus. In order to develop an effective marketing strategy, tourism destinations should be aware of the needs, wants, and preferred activities of their target market(s). The analysis of the study data revealed that there are significant differences between the

  9. The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

    2011-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

  10. Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ipek, Cemalettin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

  11. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senyurt, Secil

    2014-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

  12. International Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kizilaslan, Irem

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, countries around the world have promoted international experiences for student teachers' development of the knowledge and skills necessary in these interdependent and global times. Using a rigorous qualitative approach, this study explored 10 Turkish student teachers' international opportunities in several European countries…

  13. The Impact of Principalship on School Culture: A Turkish Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celikten, Mustafa

    2006-01-01

    This article addresses how principals can shape school culture. The author begins by examining the definitions of school culture and the meaning of principalship. The author provides an overview on the literature on the impact of principal leadership on school culture. The author also looks at the present principalship situation in the Turkish

  14. The Measurement of Collaborative School Culture (CSC) on Turkish Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumuseli, Ali Ilker; Eryilmaz, Arzu

    2011-01-01

    Background: School culture is a system of shared orientations that holds a unit together and gives it a distinctive identity (Hoy, 1997). It is a multifaceted concept composed of different factors (Devos et al., 2004; Maslowski, 2001). Aim: The study both aimed to measure the realization rates of collaborative school culture in Turkish public…

  15. [Storytelling: an intervention to improve home care of Turkish migrants].

    PubMed

    Glodny, S; Yilmaz-Aslan, Y; Razum, O

    2011-02-01

    The number of people in need of nursing care in Germany is continuously increasing. As a result of problems with the foreign language and a lack of information, there are obstacles especially for people with a migrational background toward the use of professional help and offers for people in need of care. This report describes the saba study. We used the method of storytelling as a self-help oriented intervention strategy within the group of Turkish persons in need of care and their relatives who provide care. Health mediators facilitated weekly group meetings of Turkish family caregivers. During these meetings, the family caregivers talked to each other about their experiences. By sharing their stories, they increased their knowledge and information. The intervention encourages empowerment and self-management of Turkish people in need of care and their family caregivers. The study helps Turkish persons in need of care and their family caregivers to obtain knowledge and lower the barriers for access to the German Healthcare System. PMID:21359632

  16. Everyday urban public space : Turkish immigrant women's perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Ünlü Yücesoy

    2006-01-01

    This thesis examines the use, experience, and appropriation of everyday urban public spaces by Turkish immigrant women living in Enschede, the Netherlands. Based on the two premises of conceptualizing the urban public space as a social construct and of valorizing users as social actors, the main objective of this thesis is to explore and analyze the spatial practices and variety

  17. Turkish Adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--Version III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

    2012-01-01

    Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the…

  18. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  19. Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

  20. A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gokturk, Soheyda

    2009-01-01

    The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

  1. Teaching English poetry to Turkish undergraduates: comprehension strategies matter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sally Ashton-Hay

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores and highlights some of the strategies used to challenge, encourage and support the communicative learning process for two large classes of Turkish learners in their third and fourth years of the English Language and Literature Department at a large university in eastern Turkey. Many of these students are expected to become English teachers in the future. The

  2. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  3. Turkish budget deficit sustainability and the revenue-expenditure nexus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E. Payne; Hassan Mohammadi; Murat Cak

    2008-01-01

    The sustainability of the Turkish budget deficits as well as the dynamics of government revenues and expenditures in controlling the size of the deficit is examined using annual data from 1968 to 2004. The findings support the existence of a long-run relation between government revenues and expenditures once allowance is made for an unknown structural break. However, the size of

  4. Turkish Pupils' Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boz, Yezdan

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils' views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a)…

  5. Turkish Waters: Source of Regional Conflict or Catalyst for Peace?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. E. Gruen

    2000-01-01

    Unlike most Middle East countries which are highly dependent on water from sources originating in other countries or on desalination, Turkey is naturally endowed with relatively abundant water resources. The Turkish government has assigned the highest priority to completing its massive $32 billion Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), consisting of 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric power plants on the Euphrates and

  6. Diagnosis of Mental Disorders Among Turkish and American Clinicians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dogan Eker

    1985-01-01

    Turkish and American clinicians from two centres in each country were compared in terms of diagnosing mental disorders in standard cases and in terms of stereotypes of symptomatology. Statistical comparisons showed that the American clinicians rated higher symptom severity in the cases and in the stereotypes. In the diagnoses assigned the particular orientations of the centres became evident. Confidence in

  7. Attachment Styles and Self-Image in Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cetin, Fusun Cuhadaroglu; Tuzun, Zeynep; Pehlivanturk, Berna; Unal, Fatih; Gokler, Bahar

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the attachment styles and the relation of these styles to the self-image in Turkish adolescents. The study included 378 adolescents (196 females and 182 males) from high schools with different socioeconomic status (SES) who were administered Relationship Scale Questionnaires and Offer Self-Image…

  8. Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uysal, Hacer Hande

    2012-01-01

    Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

  9. The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Sarmer; S. Ergin; G. Yavuzer

    2000-01-01

    This study was undertaken to translate and adapt the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into the Turkish language and\\u000a investigate its validity and reliability for Turkish female fibromyalgia (FM) patients. After translation into Turkish, we\\u000a administered the FIQ and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to 51 women with fibromyalgia. As well as socio-demographic\\u000a characteristics, the severity of relevant clinical symptoms, e.g., pain

  10. Changing Ethnic Identities in Post-National Germany: A Study of Turkish-German Literature, Politics, and Society

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    for Turkish men, give a voice to Turkish-German women stifled by conservative, oppressive gender roles to maintain a secular government and strives for gender equality. However gender equality in some migrant

  11. The structure of Turkish trait-descriptive adjectives.

    PubMed

    Somer, O; Goldberg, L R

    1999-03-01

    This description of the Turkish lexical project reports some initial findings on the structure of Turkish personality-related variables. In addition, it provides evidence on the effects of target evaluative homogeneity vs. heterogeneity (e.g., samples of well-liked target individuals vs. samples of both liked and disliked targets) on the resulting factor structures, and thus it provides a first test of the conclusions reached by D. Peabody and L. R. Goldberg (1989) using English trait terms. In 2 separate studies, and in 2 types of data sets, clear versions of the Big Five factor structure were found. And both studies replicated and extended the findings of Peabody and Goldberg; virtually orthogonal factors of relatively equal size were found in the homogeneous samples, and a more highly correlated set of factors with relatively large Agreeableness and Conscientiousness dimensions was found in the heterogeneous samples. PMID:10101877

  12. Exploring Turkish upper primary level pupils' understanding of digestion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakici, Yilmaz

    2005-01-01

    This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The most significant finding was the children's conception of the digestive process as 'melting of foods' rather than 'breaking foods down'. Some other children considered digestion to be a filtering process that is performed by the stomach in order to separate the useful and waste parts of food. These views 'melting of foods' and 'filtering of foods' have not been mentioned in the literature previously. The study revealed that social influences and everyday language had an important impact on children's learning of the digestive process.

  13. Anthropometric Studies on the Turkish Population - A Historical Review

    PubMed Central

    Neyzi, Olcay; Saka, Hatice Nurçin; Kurto?lu, Selim

    2013-01-01

    A historical review of anthropometric studies conducted on Turkish children and adults is presented. In view of observed differences in growth status between children of different societies, the need for local reference standards and the methodology to be used for such studies have been stressed. The importance of local studies in reflecting the state of health and nutrition both in children and adults has also been mentioned. While a number of studies in children cited in this paper are designed to compare the growth of children from different socioeconomic levels, other studies aim to establish local reference data for Turkish children. While the historical studies in adults aim to define racial characteristics, the more recent studies aim to bring out nutritional characteristics with emphasis on increasing frequency of obesity. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:23419421

  14. An Assessment of Fertility in Boron-exposed Turkish Subpopulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bekir Sitki Sayli; Ersöz Tüccar; Atilla Halil Elhan

    1998-01-01

    Relationships between elevated boron intake and fertility were sought by comparing reproduction in the residents of two Turkish villages with high levels of boron in their drinking water (one with 8.5 to 29 mg B\\/L and the other with 2.05 to 2.5 mg B\\/L), with three nearby villages with more typical low boron levels (0.03 to 0.40 mg B\\/L). The

  15. Substance use in a sample of Turkish medical students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y?ld?z Akvardar; Yücel Demiral; Gül Ergör; Alp Ergör; Mustafa Bilici; Ömer Akil Özer

    2003-01-01

    This study identifies the prevalence of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drug use in a sample of Turkish medical students. Information about substance use was obtained from 304 first-year, and 143 sixth-year medical students from three different medical schools in Turkey. Nearly half of the students (53.9%) were non-drinkers. Risky alcohol use was 7.4%. Lifetime smoking prevalence was 39.9 and 26.4%

  16. Interindividual variability of coumarin 7-hydroxylation in a Turkish population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Iscan; H. Rostami; T. Güray; O. Pelkonen; A. Rautio

    1994-01-01

    One hundred healthy Turkish volunteers (70 male, 30 female) aged from 19 to 56 years were given 5 mg coumarin p.o. after an overnight fast. Urine samples were collected before and 2, 4 and 8 h after drug administration. The extent and rate of formation of 7-OH-coumarin (7OHC) was determined by the urinary excretion of the metabolite as measured with

  17. Non-isothermal pyrolysis kinetics of three Turkish oil shales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ö. Murat Do?an; B. Zühtü Uysal

    1996-01-01

    A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetric analysis (t.g.a.) was conducted to determine the overall kinetics of pyrolysis of three Turkish oil shales: Beypazari, Seyitömer and Himmeto?lu. The integral method was used in the analysis of the t.g.a. data to determine first-order pyrolysis kinetics. Particle sizes of 0.7, 1.3 and 2.6 mm and final temperatures of 400, 550 and 700°C were

  18. Oral Health Care Behavior in a Group of Turkish Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N Bekiroglu; I Tanboga; B Altinok; B Kargul

    2009-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate oral health attitude and behavior of a group of Turkish children aged between 6-12 years Methods: A sample of 139 children attending Marmara University Dentistry School (MUDS) Department of Pediatrics Dentistry between December 2002 to April 2003 was selected. Results: The mean age for girls was 8.82 yr (SD=2.06) and for

  19. [Communication, compliance and perinatal risks of Turkish females in Tyrol].

    PubMed

    Brezinka, C; Huter, O; Busch, G; Unus, S

    1989-05-01

    Migrant workers from Turkey and their families make up 1% of the population of the Tyrol province in the west of Austria. They are the largest group of aliens. 152 Turkish women who were seen at our obstetrics department were investigated. Records of 121 women who had given birth to infants in the years 1984-86 were compared. 31 pregnant women were interviewed in their native language. More than 80% of all women studied went for routine check-ups four times or more during pregnancy. A number of conditions that would otherwise remain undetected are being diagnosed at routine pregnancy checks: tuberculosis, diabetes, genetic disease. Although patient compliance is good in this group, communication problems often put a successful outcome of the pregnancy at risk. Many women, who have been living in Austria for many years, are still unable to speak and understand German. Unqualified interpreters (husbands, children, relatives, hospital cleaning staff that is composed largely of Turks) often create problems by making up things the doctor would like to hear. The rate of cesarean sections is 11% in this group. Perinatal infant mortality rate is much higher than in the native Austrian population. The strict hygienic rules of Islam, the support and nurture supplied by the tightly-knit family structure of Turkish emigrants and a basically confident and trusting attitude towards doctors and nurses, if these can make themselves understood, should be recognised as positive factors and should be used to reduce perinatal risks in pregnant Turkish women. PMID:2737437

  20. The Adaptation of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Elementary Form into Turkish, Language Validity, and Preliminary Psychometric Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baloglu, Mustafa; Balgalmis, Esra

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to adapt the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale- Elementary Form (MARS-E, Suinn, 1988) into Turkish by first doing the translation of its items and then the preliminary psychometric investigation of the Turkish form. The study included four different samples: 30 bilingual language experts, 50 Turkish language…

  1. The Impact of Political Islam on Education: ''The Revitalization of Islamic Education in the Turkish Educational Setting''

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guven, I.

    2005-01-01

    This study on the revitalization of Islamic education in the Turkish educational setting focuses particularly on the impact that Political Islam has had, by analyzing the role of religion across different periods of Turkish history. In the 1950s a multi-party democracy period started in Turkey and the Turkish educational setting was exposed to…

  2. Impact of the Headscarf Ban Policy on the Identity Development of Part-Time Unveilers in Turkish Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seggie, Fatma Nevra; Austin, Ann E.

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the impact of the Turkish higher education headscarf ban policy on the plural self-identities (i.e., as Turkish citizens, as Muslims, and as females) of part-time unveilers, female students who cover their hair in their private life but who remove the headscarf (or conceal it to appear unveiled) while at a Turkish

  3. The Adaptation of Creativity Fostering Primary Teachers Index Scale into Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dikici, Ayhan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the creativity fostering teacher index scale into Turkish. For the language equivalence, firstly, the English version of the scale was translated by 30 English lecturers and then the Turkish version of the scale retranslated by the same lecturers. Later, the scale was applied to 288 teachers working in Nigde…

  4. Predictors of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ay?e Kuruüzüm; Nilgün Anafarta; Sezgin Irmak

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of job satisfaction, job characteristics and demographics on levels of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a questionnaire survey of 139 middle managers in four- and five-star hotels in a major tourist destination of Turkey, data were collected on: the Turkish version

  5. Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adalier, Ahmet

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

  6. Efficiency, Ownership and Market Structure, Corporate Control and Governance in the Turkish Banking Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ihsan Isik; M. Kabir Hassan

    2003-01-01

    Turkish banks are quite heterogeneous in terms of organizational form, ownership structure, size, age, portfolio concentration, growth prospects and attitude toward risk. They also exhibit strong variations in performance as measured by several efficiency indices. In the light of theoretical advances in corporate finance and financial institutions, this paper is an in-depth cross-sectional analysis of the Turkish banking sector, which

  7. Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Students' Attitudes Towards Turkish Courses: An Action Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Ruhan; Yasar, Sefik

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effects of differentiated instruction approach on students' attitudes in Turkish course. The study was carried out through an action research approach and conducted with the 5th grade students in Turkey. Data of the study were collected through Turkish Course Attitude Scale and semi-structured…

  8. Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Berg Balance Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fusun Sahin; Figen Yilmaz; Asli Ozmaden; Nurdan Kotevoglu; Tulay Sahin; Banu Kuran

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop a Turkish version of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and assess its reliability and validity. Materials and Method: Sixty healthy volunteers older than 65 years were included in to the study. Subjects who had lower extremity amputation, or were armchair or bedridden were exclud- ed. After translation process, the Turkish version

  9. The Personality and Leadership Style of Recep Tayyip Erdo?an: Implications for Turkish Foreign Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aylin ?. Görener; Meltem ?. Ucal

    2011-01-01

    Recep Tayyip Erdo?an is clearly the most controversial figure in recent Turkish political history. His preponderance in political life is remarkable even by Turkish standards. Because Erdo?an is so powerful and has effectively weakened most internal checks on his power, any attempt to explain Turkey's recent foreign policy outcomes will be seriously lacking without considering his leadership impact. The purpose

  10. Disintegration and Violence among Migrants in Germany: Turkish and Russian Youths versus German Youths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baier, Dirk; Pfeiffer, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Turkish and Russian immigrants are the two largest groups of immigrants in Germany, but there are some important differences regarding their legal status. Although most of the Turkish adolescents were born in Germany, few of them have German citizenship. In contrast, most of the Russian youths were born outside Germany, but they mostly possess…

  11. Heavy metals in organisms and sediments from Turkish Coast of the Black Sea, 1997–1998

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S Topcuo?lu; Ç K?rba?o?lu; N Güngör

    2002-01-01

    During the period 1997–1998, macroalgae, sea snail, mussel, fish and sediment samples were collected at different stations of the Turkish Black Sea coast in order to establish the concentration of selected heavy metals. Heavy metals analyzed were Cd, Co, Cr, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn, Pb and Cu. The results showed that the Turkish Black Sea coast is facing heavy metal

  12. Error Analysis: A Study of Variation in Two Turkish Students' Pronunciation of the English Interdentals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seferoglu, Golge C.

    This study analyzed the pronunciation of English interdental fricatives by two native speakers of Turkish, focusing on whether there was systematic variation of forms according to the kind of discourse and the surrounding phonemes. Subjects were two adult Turkish learners of English as a Second Language, both of whom had been in the United States…

  13. THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE TURKISH VERSION OF THE SELF-COMPASSION SCALE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Engin Deniz; ?ahin Kesici; A. Serkan Sümer

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003) into Turkish and test the validity and reliability of the measure. The study was conducted in four phases with 341 (184 female, 157 male) university students. Both the Turkish and original versions of the SCS were applied to 66 English language teachers to examine the language

  14. Exploring the Factors Influencing E-Learning of Turkish EFL Learners through TAM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakir, Recep; Solak, Ekrem

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to understand the attitude of Turkish EFL learners towards technology and to determine the factors influencing the academic achievement of the learners while using technology. Survey method was used to collect data about technology acceptance of the Turkish Foreign Language Learners. This research was conducted at a…

  15. Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

  16. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

  17. Generative and Discriminative Methods Using Morphological Information for Sentence Segmentation of Turkish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Umit Guz; Benoît Favre; Dilek Z. Hakkani-tür; Gökhan Tür

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents novel methods for generative, discriminative, and hybrid sequence classification for segmentation of Turkish word sequences into sentences. In the literature, this task is generally solved using statistical models that take advantage of lexical information among others. However, Turkish has a productive morphology that generates a very large vocabulary, making the task much harder. In this paper, we

  18. Comparing the earthquake exposed and non-exposed Turkish children's Post Traumatic Stress Reactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sefa Bulut

    2006-01-01

    Unfortunately, Turkey is stretched out on the earthquake fault line; therefore, Turkish children are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by earthquake exposures and the threats of the anticipated earthquakes as well as aftershocks. This current study aimed at identifying PTSD reactions of disaster exposed and non-exposed Turkish children after the big 1999 Marmara earthquakes in the

  19. Determination of Career Planning Profiles of Turkish Athletes Who Are Ranked in the Olympics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulya, Bingol; Cemal, Gundogdu; Sukru, Bingol

    2012-01-01

    This study researched in the level of career planning of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics during the time they were active in sports and after they retired. This study which aimed to determine the career planning efficiency of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics based on the viewpoints of the athletes holding Olympic degree is scanning…

  20. Trends in sexual risk behaviour among Turkish\\/Moroccan adolescents in The Netherlands 1990-195

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EMILY BRUGMAN; TON VOGELS; GERTJAN VAN ZESSEN

    1997-01-01

    Background: in 1990, a national survey on adolescent sexuality showed that Turkish\\/Moroccan students were at special risk for sexually transmitted diseases. In 1995 the study was repeated. This article describes trends in the safe sex knowledge and sexual behaviour of Turkish\\/Moroccan students. The results are also seen in relation to those of Dutch students. Methods: data were collected from representative

  1. Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

    2005-01-01

    The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

  2. The Role of Agriculture in Turkish Economy at the Beginning of the European Union Accession Negotiations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harun Tanrivermis; Mehmet Bulbul

    2007-01-01

    In this study, Turkish economy and importance of agriculture in the economy on the way of accession negotiations to the European Union (EU) are discussed. Compliance with EU norms based on macroeconomic indicators is evaluated. Turkish economy exhibits the characteristics of a developing economy based on per capita income, economic growth, employment, income distribution, foreign trade volume and economic structure.

  3. Educational Inclusion/Exclusion of Turkish Immigrant Youth in Vancouver, Canada: A Critical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayaalp, Dilek

    2014-01-01

    This empirical research analyses an understudied population, Turkish immigrant youths' educational experiences of inclusion/exclusion in Vancouver. My information was gathered from in-depth interviews and participant observation with the first- and second-generation, Muslim and non-religious female and male Turkish immigrant youth from…

  4. A Study of Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Attitudes toward Science and Science Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Bonnstetter, Ronald

    The main purpose of this study is to reveal Turkish preservice science teachers' attitudes toward science and science teaching by using a Turkish translation of the last version of the Science Teaching Attitudes Scale (STAS-II) by Moore and Foy (1997). The sample size for the study was 612 freshman, sophomore, junior, and senior science education…

  5. The Process of Supervision in the Turkish Educational System: Purpose, Structure, Operation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memduhoglu, Hasan Basri; Aydin, Inayet; Yilmaz, Kursad; Gungor, Sabri; Oguz, Ebru

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study is to provide information on the purposes, structure and operation of the process of supervision in the Turkish educational system. In this paper, the historical development of supervision services in the Turkish educational system, as well as the purposes and principles of educational supervision in Turkey and the structure…

  6. Beliefs About Wife Beating Among Turkish College Students: The Effects of Patriarchy, Sexism, and Sex Differences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nuray Sakalli

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes how patriarchy, hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, and sex of participants influence Turkish College students' attitudes toward wife beating. Two hundred twenty-one Turkish undergraduate students from Middle East Technical University filled out questionnaires measuring attitudes toward wife beating, hostile and benevolent sexism, and support for patriarchy. Participants were from middle or high social classes, and from various region

  7. Influence of Pluralism and Electoral Participation on the Transformation of Turkish Islamism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ihsan Yilmaz

    Similar to other Islamists, Turkish Islamists have also used intolerant and exclusivist rhetoric. They have used religion in a heavy-handed manner as the dominating parameter of their political ideology and have confined religious concepts and values to a certain group, nationalizing, modernizing, secularizing and politicizing them. Turkish Islamists have also envisaged taking over the state and using it to socially

  8. Preferences of Turkish Language Teachers for the Assessment-Evaluation Tools and Methods

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guney, Nail

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the rate of teachers' use of assessment and evaluation tools given in 2005 curriculum of Turkish language teaching. To this end; we presented a list of assessment and evaluation tools on the basis of random sampling to 216 teachers of Turkish who work in Ordu, Samsun, Ankara, Trabzon and Istanbul…

  9. A Longitudinal Study of English-Major Turkish Students' Pragmatic Awareness in an EFL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Dogan

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a longitudinal study which examined the development of the Turkish EFL learners' pragmatic awareness in an EFL context in a four-year period. The data which were originally collected from American native speakers and used by Bulut and Ozkan (2005) were also used in this study as the baseline to compare Turkish

  10. The generous exclusion of Ottoman-Islamic Europe: British press advocacy of Turkish EU membership

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Bryce

    2009-01-01

    This article explores commentary in UK newspapers which, while sympathetic to the notion of Turkish EU membership, still deploys a discourse that remains exclusionary where assumptions of Turkey's intrinsic cultural and civilisational ‘Europeanness’ are concerned. Turkish membership is advocated as a sort of strategic supplement to a historical ontology of ‘Europe’ proceeding from a grand narrative of Latin Christendom –

  11. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  12. Somatotypes of Male Whitewater Canoe Athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vedat, Ayan

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the somatotype characteristics of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. 10 male whitewater canoe athletes from the Turkish National Canoe Team voluntarily participated in the study during the national team camp in Rize in 2011. The age, height, weight, skinfold thickness, circumference,…

  13. Burnout among Turkish High School Teachers Working in Turkey and Abroad: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydogan, Ismail; Dogan, Ahmet Atilla; Bayram, Nuran

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived levels of burnout among Turkish high school teachers working in Turkey and abroad. Method: A total of 255 Turkish teachers working at public schools in Germany (n=78), Cyprus (n=94) and Turkey (n=83) comprised our study group. In Germany and Cyprus, the participants were selected…

  14. First and Second Language Proficiency: Prospects for Turkish and Moroccan Children in the Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driessen, Geert

    1992-01-01

    Reports on a large-scale investigation among Turkish and Moroccan children in Dutch primary schools. The focus is on these children's proficiency, respectively in Turkish and Arabic and Dutch. and on the development of skills in both languages. (26 references) (VWL)

  15. Taking it to the grave: gender, cultural capital, and ethnicity in Turkish death announcements.

    PubMed

    Ergin, Murat

    Popularly considered a great equalizer, death and the rituals around it nevertheless accentuate social distinctions. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2554) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2006. Out of the liminal position of Turkish death announcements between obituaries and death notices emerges a large decentralized collection of private decisions responding to death, reflecting attitudes toward gender, ethnic/religious minority status and cultural capital, and echoing the aggregate efforts of privileged groups to maintain a particular self-image. Class closures lead to openings for traditionally under-represented minorities, such as Jewish Turkish citizens and citizens of Greek or Armenian origin. Results reveal that signs of status and power in announcements are largely monopolized by men of Turkish-Muslim origins. Although the changes in the genre-characteristics of death announcements are slow, they correspond to major turning points in Turkish social history. PMID:20222236

  16. Italian contributions to Turkish paediatrics during the Ottoman Empire.

    PubMed

    Yurdakok, Murat; Cataldi, Luigi

    2013-01-01

    The Ottoman Empire maintained close relations with the neighbouring Italian city states in the 16th and 17th century. Yacub Pasha (1425-1481), personal physician of Mehmed II the Conqueror, was an Italian Jew who advanced to the title of pasha and vizier. Domenico Hierosolimitano (ca. 1552-1622), the third physician to Sultan Murad III, was a Jerusalemite rabbi. His book is an important source about everyday life and medical practice in Istanbul at the time. Nuh bin Abd al-Mennab (1627-1707), also of Italian stock, was the Chief Physician of the Ottoman Empire, who translated a pharmacopoeia into Turkish. In the same century, two Italians, Israel Conegliano (Conian) and Tobia Cohen became private physicians to leading Ottoman pashas and the Grand Vizier. A. Vuccino (1829-1893) and Antoine Calleja Pasha (1806-1893) taught at the Istanbul Medical School. Italy was a favoured country for medical education during the early period of Ottoman westernisation. Sanizade Mehmet Ataullah Efendi (1771-1826) translated the first medical book printed in the Ottoman Empire from Italian into Turkish. Mustafa Behcet Efendi (1774-1833), chief physician to the Sultan and the founder of the first western medical school in Turkey, translated several medical books from Italian into Turkish. The first printed pharmacopeia in the Ottoman Empire was also originally Italian In the 19th century, Edouard Ottoni and his son Giuseppe Ottoni were well-known military pharmacists, both under the name of Faik Pasha. Probably the most influential physician of Italian origin was Giovanni Battista Violi (1849-1928), who had practiced paediatrics in Turkey for more than fifty years. Violi was the founder of the first children's hospital, the first vaccine institute, and the first paediatric journal in the Ottoman Empire. PMID:24304113

  17. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R; Pass, Harvey I; Rivera, Zeyana S; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

    2011-08-16

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

  18. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y. Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A. Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R.; Pass, Harvey I.; Rivera, Zeyana S.; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

    2011-01-01

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

  19. Validation of a Turkish version of the burn-specific health scale.

    PubMed

    Adam, Mehmet; Leblebici, Berrin; Tarim, M Akin; Yildirim, Sedat; Bagis, Selda; Akman, M Nafiz; Haberal, Mehmet

    2009-01-01

    The abbreviated Burn-Specific Health Scale (BSHS) is an instrument that measures physical, mental, social, and general health in burn survivors. This scale is composed of 80 items. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of a Turkish version of the BSHS (the BSHS-Turkish). The BSHS-abbreviated was translated and adapted for Turkish persons according to standard procedures. After a telephone interview with all eligible patients, the BSHS-Turkish was mailed to 103 burn patients. Fifty-three patients (51.46%) filled out both questionnaires; the second one was completed within 15 days of the first one. The mean time that it took to complete the questionnaire was 31.06 +/- 15.2 minutes (range, 3-60 minutes). The test-retest, internal reliability, and construct validity of the BSHS-Turkish were satisfactory according to intraclass correlation coefficient, Cronbach's alpha, and the Mann Whitney U test. The BSHS-Turkish is a reliable and valid instrument for determining the health status of Turkish patients with burns. PMID:19165114

  20. Rare childhood tumors in a Turkish pediatric oncology center

    PubMed Central

    Tacyildiz, Nurdan; Özyörük, Derya; Yavuz, Gülsan; Ünal, Emel Cab?; Dinçaslan, Handan; Tany?ld?z, Gül?ah Oktay; Gördü, Zülfikar; ??klar, Zeynep; Berbero?lu, Merih; Öcal, Gönül

    2013-01-01

    Background: It has been estimated that rare tumor rate is about 15% of all childhood cancer in United States. According to Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group (TPOG) datas, 8889 children were diagnosed between 2002 and 2008 in our country and 3.7% of them were diagnosed as rare tumors. Aim: To investigate the frequency and clinical features of rare tumors in our pediatric oncology center. Materials and Methods: A total of 43 cases that have diagnosed as rare tumor in 574 cancer patients between the yaer 2002 and 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. All cases definitive diagnosis were established by histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Results: Frequency of rare tumors was 7.4% in our center. Benign and border line rare tumors were 27 (62.7%) cases, malignant rare tumor were 16 (37.2%) cases. Median follow-up period was 48 months (between 1 and 110 months). Six of the malignant rare tumors were died with progressive disease (synovial sarcoma, mixed malignant mesenchymal tumor, undifferentiated sarcoma, plexus choroideus carcinoma, renal peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor, adrenocortical carcinoma). Malignant rare tumor mortality rate was found 37.5% in our clinic. Conclusion: We have found that our rare tumor rate (7.4%) was higher than Turkish rare tumor rate (3.7%) according to TPOG's datas. However, it was still lower than rare tumor rates of western countries (15%), probably due to difficulties of diagnosis and referral problems. PMID:24604955

  1. Predicting Academic Achievement: The Role Of Parenting, Nonverbal Intelligence, and Goal Orientation in Turkish Children

    E-print Network

    Korkmaz, Ummugulsum

    2014-07-25

    The purpose of this research is to examine parenting, child goal orientation, and child nonverbal intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among fifth grade Turkish children. The influence of intelligence, parenting style, and goal...

  2. A qualitative case study of the impact of socio-cultural factors on prominent Turkish writers

    E-print Network

    Gunersel, Adalet Baris

    2009-05-15

    , creative processes and products by highly creative Turkish writers, and socio-cultural factors that influenced the development of their creativity. The qualitative case study was used and interviews with four participants, or cases, shed light onto...

  3. A Two-Stage Visual Turkish Sign Language Recognition System Based on Global and Local Features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hakan Haberdar; Songül Albayrak

    2006-01-01

    In order to provide communication between the deaf-dumb people and the hearing people, a two-stage system translating Turkish\\u000a Sign Language into Turkish is developed by using vision based approach. Hidden Markov models are utilized to determine the\\u000a global feature group in the dynamic gesture recognition stage, and k nearest neighbor algorithm is used to compare the local\\u000a features in the

  4. The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I Dag

    1999-01-01

    The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychiatric symptomatology were investigated in a Turkish college sample of 350 participants (233 females and 117 males). The data were collected with the Turkish version of Tobacyks revised Paranormal Belief Scale (PBS-R), Rotters Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (IELOC), and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Small but significant positive correlations between the

  5. At Least Six Different Mutations in HEXAGene Cause Tay-Sachs Disease among the Turkish Population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Asuman Özkara; Ruth Navon

    1998-01-01

    Twenty-five Turkish infants with Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) have been diagnosed in the past 8 years. All are from consanguineous, nonrelated families. The present study deals with the molecular basis of six Turkish TSD patients from five unrelated families in which the parents were first cousins. The five mutations identified in this study were INS-5 G?A, R393X, R137X, 12-bp deletion in

  6. Genetic analysis of Turkish rice varieties ( Oryza sativa L.) using seed storage proteins and RAPD markers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emel Banu Buyukunal Bal; Sultan Bay

    2010-01-01

    Due to an increasing demand for rice in Turkey, assessing and maintaining genetic variability in rice cultivars is essential\\u000a for the success of rice breeding programs. Genetic polymorphisms in seed storage proteins (SSP) and RAPD markers were evaluated\\u000a among different Turkish cultivars of Oryza sativa L. Twenty-one rice cultivars of Turkish origin and 11 rice cultivars from Bulgaria, France, Italy

  7. Psychometric Performance of the National Eye Institute 25Item Visual Function Questionnaire: In Turkish Diabetic Retinopathy Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akinci Fevzi; Yildirim Aysegul

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To assess the psychometric performance of the National Eye Institute 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) in Turkish diabetic retinopathy patients. Methods: Health-related quality of life was measured in a sample of 60 patients with diabetic retinopathy using both a Turkish version of the NEI VFQ-25 and the SF-36 instrument. The Turkish version of the NEI VFQ-25 was developed

  8. Gem-quality Turkish purple jade: Geological and mineralogical characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hatipo?lu, Murat; Ba?evirgen, Yasemin; Chamberlain, Steven C.

    2012-02-01

    In the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of the western Anatolia (Turkey), an extensive contact metamorphic aureole at the border between the Late Mesozoic coherent metaclastic rocks of blueschist facies and the Early Senozoic intrusive granodiorite stock hosts an interesting and unique gem material with a mineral assemblage consisting mainly of jadeite, quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid, and phlogopite as identified by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and polarized-light microscopy. In addition, chemical analyses performed with X-ray fluorescence and inductive-coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy show that the mass of the metamorphic aureole has a silica-rich, calc-alkaline chemical content. Therefore, some rock building elements (such as Al, Ca, Na, K, P, Sr, and B of which characterize an acidic-neutral rock formation) and trace elements (such as Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ga, La, Ni, Pb, and Zn) are remarkable high ratios. Pale purple-colored gem material of this composition appears to be unique to Turkey, also is only found in one narrow provenance in Turkey. Therefore, it is specially called "Turkish (and/or Anatolian) purple jade" on the worldwide gem market. Even though the mineral jadeite is the principal constituent, 40% by volume as determined with petrographic thin-section examination under a polarized-light microscope, the material cannot be considered pure jadeite. Specific gravity measurements of the jade using a hydrostatic balance confirm that it has a heterogeneous structure. The measured average specific gravity of 3.04, is significantly lower than the normal range for characterized jadeites of 3.24-3.43. Turkish purple jade samples were examined in detail using dispersive confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy (DC?RS) as well as other well-known analytical methods. The resulting strong micro-Raman bands that peaked at 1038, 984, 697, 571, 521, 464, 430, 372, 326, 307, 264, and 201 cm -1 are characteristics of the Turkish purple jade. The first most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 697 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 doubly symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The "M" includes the some cationic substitutions of Si by Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and also K and Na. The second most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 372 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 single symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The third most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 201 cm -1 can be interpreted as translational libration. Finally, the fourth distinctive Raman bands that peaked at 1038 and 984 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?1 doubly symmetric stretching modes of (SiO 4/M) centers. In addition, both sides of these bands were also barricaded with relatively unimportant Raman bands produced by some structural imperfections. The measurements of these all analytical parameters are the most trustworthy method to distinguish the purple jade from the other well-known kinds of natural, synthetic, and/or color-enhanced jades. Finally, these parameters provide positive identification of the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade. The data obtained in this study for dispersive confocal micro-Raman bands, specific gravity values, and trace element contents provide a unique fingerprint for this kind of jadeite-jade gem material.

  9. Malocclusion and crowding in an orthodontically referred Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Sayin, M Ozgür; Türkkahraman, Hakan

    2004-10-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate malocclusion and crowding in 1356 patients (793 girls, 563 boys) referred to the Department of Orthodontics, Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey. Class I was the most frequently seen malocclusion in this referred Turkish orthodontic population whereas Class II, division 2 was the least frequently seen. Comparison of mean ages of the malocclusion groups indicated statistically significant difference between Class I and Class II, division 1 groups (P < .05). The lowest mean age was present in the Class II, division 1 group. Mild mandibular crowding was the most common finding whereas severe mandibular crowding was seen least frequently in all malocclusion groups. Cross tabulation of maxillary and mandibular crowding indicated that mild maxillary and severe mandibular crowding in the same patient was rarely seen in all types of malocclusions. Moderate maxillary and severe mandibular crowding in the same patient was another rare finding for all malocclusion groups. PMID:15529498

  10. Secondary Metabolites of Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an Endemic Turkish Species

    PubMed Central

    Camas, Necdet; Radusiene, Jolita; Stanius, Zydrunas; Caliskan, Omer; Cirak, Cuneyt

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the presence of the phloroglucinol derivative hyperforin, the naphthodianthrones hypericin and pseudohypericin, the phenylpropane chlorogenic acid and the flavonoids rutin, hyperoside, kaempferol, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine was investigated in Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species for the first time. The aerial parts representing a total of 30 individuals were collected at full flowering and dissected into floral, leaf, and stem tissues. After being dried at room temperature, the plant materials were assayed for secondary metabolite concentrations by HPLC. Aerial plant parts accumulated chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine, but they did not accumulate hyperforin, hypericin, pseudohypericin, rutin, and kaempferol. Accumulation levels of the detected compounds varied with plant tissues. Such kind of data could be useful for elucidation of the chemotaxonomical significance of the corresponding compounds and phytochemical evaluation of this endemic species. PMID:22649295

  11. Plasma lipids and their interrelationship in Turkish adults.

    PubMed Central

    Onat, A; Surdum-Avci, G; Senocak, M; Ornek, E; Gözükara, Y

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to describe the plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride profiles in a random sample of Turkish adults and analyse the effects of certain coronary risk factors on these levels. DESIGN--This was a cross sectional population based survey. SETTING--59 communities scattered in all seven geographical regions of Turkey were surveyed in the summer of 1990. SUBJECTS--A random sample of 3689 men and women 20 years of age and over was studied. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--Plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose (using Reflotron and with partial validation in reference laboratory), weight, height, and blood pressure were measured, and information on smoking, physical activity, and family income obtained. Hypercholesterolaemia (> or = 6.5 mmol/litre, 250 mg/dl) prevailed in 8.5%, and hypertriglyceridaemia (> 2.25 mmol/litre, 200 mg/dl) in 16.6% among men and women aged 40-59 years of age. Age adjusted total cholesterol values were 4.8 mmol/litre (185 mg/dl) in men and 5 mmol/litre (192 mg/dl) in women. A steep rise appeared in mean cholesterol levels between the ages of 20-29 and 40-49 years, in a ratio greater than the available data from some other populations indicated. Mean total cholesterol values increased substantially in both genders with diminishing grades of physical activity, rising serum triglyceride levels, in urban (opposed to rural) residents, in men with increasing income levels, and in the younger adults with rising body mass index. CONCLUSIONS--Turkish adults have comparatively low levels of total cholesterol and medium to moderately high levels of triglycerides. Lifestyle factors affect these levels in Turks as in other populations. PMID:1479313

  12. Progress in the neutronic core conversion (HEU-LEU) analysis of Ghana research reactor-1.

    SciTech Connect

    Anim-Sampong, S.; Maakuu, B. T.; Akaho, E. H. K.; Andam, A.; Liaw, J. J. R.; Matos, J. E.; Nuclear Engineering Division; Ghana Atomic Energy Commission; Kwame Nkrumah Univ. of Science and Technology

    2006-01-01

    The Ghana Research Reactor-1 (GHARR-1) is a commercial version of the Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) and has operated at different power levels since its commissioning in March 1995. As required for all nuclear reactors, neutronic and thermal hydraulic analysis are being performed for the HEU-LEU core conversion studies of the Ghana Research Reactor-1 (GHARR-1) facility, which is a commercial version of the Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR). Stochastic Monte Carlo particle transport methods and tools (MCNP4c/MCNP5) were used to fine-tune a previously developed 3-D MCNP model of the GHARR-1 facility and perform neutronic analysis of the 90.2% HEU reference and candidate LEU (UO{sub 2}, U{sub 3}Si{sub 2}, U-9Mo) fresh cores with varying enrichments from 12.6%-19.75%. In this paper, the results of the progress made in the Monte Carlo neutronic analysis of the HEU reference and candidate LEU fuels are presented. In particular, a comparative performance assessment of the LEU with respect to neutron flux variations in the fission chamber and experimental irradiation channels are highlighted.

  13. A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

  14. Morphological Cues vs. Number of Nominals in Learning Verb Types in Turkish: The Syntactic Bootstrapping Mechanism Revisited

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ural, A. Engin; Yuret, Deniz; Ketrez, F. Nihan; Kocbas, Dilara; Kuntay, Aylin C.

    2009-01-01

    The syntactic bootstrapping mechanism of verb learning was evaluated against child-directed speech in Turkish, a language with rich morphology, nominal ellipsis and free word order. Machine-learning algorithms were run on transcribed caregiver speech directed to two Turkish learners (one hour every two weeks between 0;9 to 1;10) of different…

  15. The Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale in Turkish Patients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbiyik, Derya Iren; Sumbuloglu, Vildan; Guney, Zafer; Armutlu, Kadriye; Korkmaz, Nilufer; Keser, Ilke; Yuksel, Muazzez Merve; Karabudak, Rana

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study was to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQoL) in Turkish patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Demographic data of MS patients who had a registration in and followed up by a university hospital were recorded. The LMSQoL and Turkish Quality of Life…

  16. The Extent to Which Pre-Service Turkish Language and Literature Teachers Could Apply Summarizing Rules in Informative Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Görgen, Izzet

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to determine the extent to which pre-service Turkish Language and Literature teachers possess summarizing skill. Answers to the following questions were sought in the study: What is the summarizing skill level of the pre-service Turkish Language and Literature teachers? Which of the summarizing rules are…

  17. Development of Social Studies Curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey's Effect on the Modernization of Turkish Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarman, Bulent

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the historical development, status and purpose of the Turkish social studies curriculum in addition to understanding John Dewey's impact on the modernization of Turkish educational system. Document analysis as a qualitative research method is used in this study. The data were obtained from the…

  18. The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faas, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

  19. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  20. "Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beykont, Zeynep F.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

  1. Teaching Word Stress to Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) Learners through Internet-Based Video Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hismanoglu, Murat

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to elicit problem causing word stress patterns for Turkish EFL (English as a foreign language) learners and investigate whether Internet-based pronunciation lesson is superior to traditional pronunciation lesson in terms of enhancing Turkish EFL learners' accurate production of stressed syllables in English words. A…

  2. Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oztemel, Kemal

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

  3. Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

  4. Differential Growth Patterns in Emerging Reading Skills of Turkish-German Bilingual and German Monolingual Primary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Limbird, Christina K.; Maluch, Jessica T.; Rjosk, Camilla; Stanat, Petra; Merkens, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Students from Turkish-speaking families are the largest minority language group in Germany. Yet, little is known about this group's literacy development. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study, we examined whether the same base reading skills are involved in early reading comprehension of 100 Turkish-German bilingual and 69 German…

  5. Turkish and Moroccan couples and their first steps on the Dutch housing market: Co-residence or independence?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gideon Bolt

    2002-01-01

    The start of the housing career of Turkish andMoroccan married couples in the Netherlandsoften differs from the common experience ofnative Dutch couples. Many Turkish and Moroccancouples live with family, friends, orco-ethnics during the first years of theirjoint housing careers. It seems obvious torelate this to the cultural values brought fromthe mother country. It is however noteworthythat, in the Netherlands, Turks

  6. The Educational Problems of the Turkish Citizens Living in Switzerland in the Process of Adjustment to Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ari, Asim

    2007-01-01

    Every society experiences migration and influxes of immigrants. The most common reasons for migration include political and economic obligations as well as wishing access to better educational opportunities. Although the concept of migration is as old as human history, Turkish society encountered the concept after World War II. Two million Turkish

  7. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  8. Teachers' Views on Digital Educational Tools in English Language Learning: Benefits and Challenges in the Turkish Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çelik, Servet; Aytin, Kübra

    2014-01-01

    Despite the clear benefits provided by digital educational tools, Turkish teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) are often seen as failing to take advantage of computing technologies in the classroom. Deficiencies in terms of teachers' digital literacies are often faulted for this omission. The majority of studies concerning Turkish

  9. Current Observations in the Turkish Straits during EPOS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teague, William J.; Jarosz, Ewa; Book, Jeffrey W.; Besiktepe, Sukru; Hulbert, Mark; Quaid, Andrew

    2010-05-01

    The Turkish Straits System (TSS) consists of the Bosphorus Strait, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles Strait and is the only connection between the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Pairs of acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) were deployed at each end of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits as part of the United States Naval Research Laboratory's Exchange Processes in Ocean Straits (EPOS) project. The main objective of EPOS is to understand the synoptic variability of the exchange flows in the TSS by study of the currents, temperature, salinity, and microstructure. In close collaboration with the Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography and the NATO Undersea Research Center (NURC), the R/V Alliance was used for the mooring work and data collection. Eight current moorings were deployed in September 2008 and remained in place for about half a year in the Bosphorus and for one year in the Dardanelles. Nearly full water-column current profiles are used to describe the vertical current structure and the seasonal variability of the two-layer current system. Considerable differences in average flows, current variability, and layer thicknesses were found in both straits. Layer interfaces ranged from about 10 to 20 m depth in the Dardanelles and from 15 to 40 m depth in the Bosphorus. Integral time scales for the along strait current components were 2-4 days for the Dardanelles and 6-9 days for the Bosphorus. Maximum observed currents were 122 cm/s in the Dardanelles and 231 cm/s in the Bosphorus. Largest speeds were observed in the upper layer except for the northern end of the Bosphorus. Greatest range in velocity was at the southern end of the Bosphorus where the currents ranged from -231 to +115 cm/s. Depth dependent processes dominated both straits and were stronger in the Bosphorus. Dynamical processes appeared similar at both ends of the Dardanelles but dynamics were very different between the ends of the Bosphorus, and quite different between the two straits. Numerous current reversals were found in the top layer and, interestingly, can be predicted from the integrated wind stress. We expect that results from this experiment will enhance our understanding of the dynamics in the TSS and will lead to additional field and modeling efforts. This is the first time that comprehensive current measurements coincident to both straits over seasonal time scales have been made.

  10. Validity and reliability of Turkish version of family satisfaction in the intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Tastan, Sevinc; Iyigun, Emine; Ayhan, Hatice; K?l?ckaya, Oguz; Y?lmaz, Ali Abbas; Kurt, Ercan

    2014-06-01

    To evaluate the quality of care that is provided in intensive care units, needs and satisfaction of the patient relatives must also be considered. The aim of the study is to test the Turkish version of the Family Satisfaction in the Intensive Care Unit (FS-ICU-24) Survey, which was developed by Heyland et al. This study was planned and applied as a methodological study. Survey was conducted in the intensive care units of a military education and research hospital and a medical faculty hospital, department of anaesthesia and reanimation in the capital city Ankara of Turkey. Sample of the survey was composed of 120 participants. Cronbach's alpha value for the FS-ICU-24 general internal consistency in this study was calculated as 0.95 for total scale. In this study, the Turkish version of the FS-ICU-24 was found to be reliable and valid with Turkish population. PMID:24889005

  11. Candi(e)d action: biosocialities of Turkish Berliners living with diabetes.

    PubMed

    Guell, Cornelia

    2011-09-01

    In this article, I explore Turkish migrants' responses to diabetes in Germany. Anthropological studies on health inequalities tend to theorize "social suffering" as passive experiences; those that analyze active social engagement by patient groups as "biosociality" do so solely in the realm of biotechnologies and suggest that social disadvantage prevent active engagement. This article draws on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Berlin from 2006 to 2007. Although Turkish Berliners seem burdened by diabetes, informal diabetes care, for example through a self-help group, is nonetheless collectively negotiated. Increasing incidence and awareness of diabetes in Berlin's Turkish population and their growing political organization and economic entrepreneurship, against the backdrop of experiences of marginality, gives rise to biosociality unanticipated in previous accounts. Addressing the limitations of previous uses of biosociality, this ethnography suggests that social interaction and belonging that formed around altered biologies, here diabetes, are complex and fragmented. PMID:22007563

  12. Analysis of Turkish groundwater legislation and policy regarding international principles and conventions.

    PubMed

    Elvan, Osman Devrim; Turker, Y Ozhan

    2014-01-01

    Water resources have shaped the destinies of societies and affected settlement choice of civilizations for centuries. Demand for them is constantly increasing and this surge has become an important threat for water resources due to those excessive demands and variety of usage types; at the same time, balancing the protection and use of ground and surface waters has become more difficult. The progress in legal and corporate structures for water management has been too slow for a long time. In this study, principles of international conventions on groundwater are compared with the relevant Turkish groundwater legislation, which is in the process of harmonization with European Union (EU) acquis under the scope of Turkey's nomination for EU membership. The purpose of this study is to measure the compliance of Turkish legislation on groundwater with the relevant international principles and conventions, and also to analyze legal loopholes in Turkish legislation in accordance with the international principles and conventions to be determined. PMID:24845334

  13. Analysis of physical activity and acculturation among Turkish migrants in Germany and England (.).

    PubMed

    Koca, Canan; Lapa, Tennur Yerlisu

    2014-12-01

    Recent literature shows that migrant populations in Western countries are generally less physically active than their host populations. The purpose of the present study was to expand research investigating associations between physical activity (PA) and acculturation and their relationship with several socio-demographic factors among Turkish migrants in Germany and England. The sample consisted of 521 Turkish migrants. Migrant generation, length of residence, and language proficiency were used as indicators of acculturation. Acculturation was not associated with PA among migrants in Germany and England. PA of migrants was significantly associated with migrant's host country, age, sex, marital status, and education. The total PA of migrants in Germany was higher than that of migrants in England; the large majority of females in both Germany and England had low PA, whereas most males had moderate PA. Seemingly, PA in Turkish migrant populations will not necessarily increase as a result of greater acculturation to the host society. PMID:25387040

  14. Report of two Turkish infants with Norman-Roberts syndrome.

    PubMed

    Caksen, H; Tuncer, O; Kirimi, E; Fryns, J P; Uner, A; Unal, O; Cinal, A; Odaba?, D

    2004-01-01

    Lissencephaly or agyria refers to a rare disorder that is characterized by the absence of cerebral convolutions and a poorly formed sylvian fissure, giving the appearance of a 3-4 months old fetal brain. At present more than 25 dysmorphology syndromes with lissencephaly or other disorders of neuronal migration have been described. In 1976, Norman et al. reported on two patients with lissencephaly type I and short, sloping forehead, an atypical phenotype for Miller-Dieker syndrome, a more common lissencephaly syndrome. In this article, we report two Turkish female infants whose abnormal findings were consistent with Norman-Roberts syndrome because of their very rare presentation. Both patients had typical cranio-facial abnormalities and abnormal magnetic resonance imaging findings, but no deletion in 17p13.3 for Miller-Dieker syndrome. In addition to the typical findings of Norman-Roberts syndrome, case 1 had atrial septal defect, corpus callosum agenesis, intracranial widespread calcification and case 2 had bilateral macular cherry-red spot, persistent foramen ovale, increased blood level of C6 hexanoylcarnitine, cavum septum pellucidum vergae anomaly and cerebellar atrophy. In conclusion, we would like to emphasize that Norman-Roberts syndrome should also be considered in infants with lissencephaly. A detailed physical examination, chromosomal and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis to exclude a deletion in 17p13.3 should be performed for the definite diagnosis of the syndrome. PMID:15083694

  15. An overview of Turkish folk medicine; past and present.

    PubMed

    Ye?ilada, Erdem

    2013-02-01

    Plants have become a unique source for the mankind either as food or medicine. No doubt this relationship initiated instinctively to satisfy the inner man, while later they noticed the healing potential of plants. This had been the beginning point of traditional medicines worldwide. Among the ca. 300.000 plant species have been identified on the earth so far, only a fraction (ca.120.000) has been reported to be used as food or remedy. The remaining part has still waited for discovery of their beneficial effects on human health. The metabolite composition of the plants has attracted the scientific community rather than plants itself. However, random screening of plants for potential health benefits without any evidence is a tedious task. Investigation planning based on the traditional use of plants has become one of the solutions to overcome this problem. Thenceforth 1985 increasing numbers of scientific field surveys have been conducted throughout Turkey for the documentation of folkloric utilization of plants against disease symptoms. However, due to the impact of modernization in society accessibility of reliable information has become problematic day-by-day. Moreover, increasing number of migrations from rural areas to urban to improve the living conditions makes difficult to find informants in countryside. In order to rescue this valuable information before complete vanishing, several alternative survey techniques have been attempted. In this study, reports on Turkish folk medicine which have been conducted so far will be evaluated. Based on the data obtained, past and present situations will be discussed. PMID:22998039

  16. Facial profile preferences among various layers of Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Türkkahraman, Hakan; Gökalp, Hatice

    2004-10-01

    There are many criteria and methods used to constitute and determine a standardized esthetic concept in orthodontics. However, the subjectivity of the esthetic concept is the common opinion of the authors. Ethnic and racial differences play a major role in diversifying esthetic preferences. The aims of this study were to determine the general esthetic preference of a Turkish population and to find out whether this preference was affected by sex, age, education, social status, geographic location, or personal profile. Toward these aims, eight profile estimates for each sex were morphed by a video imaging technique and then scored by 400 participants. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent sample t-tests were used to compare the preferences of the groups. The orthognathic profile in both sexes was selected as the most preferred profile whereas the convex profile with a prognathic maxilla and a retrognathic mandible were the least preferred. The public also admired fuller and protrusive lips in females and retrusive lips with a prominent nose and chin in males. Sex, age, education, social status, geographic location, and personal profile were also shown to affect the public's profile preferences. PMID:15529499

  17. Prevalence of Celiac Disease in Turkish Children with Idiopathic Epilepsy

    PubMed Central

    I?ikay, Sedat; Hizli, ?amil; Yilmaz, Kutluhan

    2014-01-01

    Objective: This study has examined the prevalence of celiac disease in Turkish children with idiopathic epilepsy. Methods: Children with idiopathic epilepsy were screened for celiac disease using the IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody and compared with the healthy control group in order to find the association of celiac disease (CD) with idiopathic epilepsy. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and small intestinal biopsies were offered to all antibody-positive patients. Findings : A total of 214 children with the diagnosis of idiopathic epilepsy and 166 healthy children as control group were studied. Of the patients recruited, 55.1% had generalized epilepsy, and 44.9% had partial epilepsy. In 33 patients with partial epilepsy, electroclinical features were consistent with a diagnosis of childhood partial epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CPEO). Two of 33 patients with CPEO had positive IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies in serology. Pathological examination of small intestinal biopsy specimens showed total villous atrophy in both of them. The prevalence of celiac disease among children with idiopathic epilepsy and CPEO was 0.9% and 6%, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed that prevalence of CD is increased in children with epilepsy. On the other hand, as high as 6% prevalence of CD among patients with CPEO found in this study should be kept in mind and the clinicians should be aware of this association. PMID:25562021

  18. Modified Turkish delight: morcellized polyethylene dorsal graft for rhinoplasty.

    PubMed

    Richardson, S; Agni, N A; Pasha, Z

    2011-09-01

    Rhinoplasty is one of the most challenging facial aesthetic procedures. Achieving a desirable result depends on correct planning and execution and the tissue characteristics of the patient. Dorsal augmentation has been performed extensively using cartilage grafts harvested from the septum, alar cartilage, conchal artilage and costal cartilages as well as from bone harvested from the ilium or tibia. Carved or crushed cartilage used as a graft might be perceptible through the nasal skin when tissue resolution is complete. Graft warpage and displacement are potential complications. The use of finely diced cartilage wrapped in one layer of Surgicel mixed with 1 ml of the patient's blood, popularly known as Turkish delight, was suggested by Erol in 2000. The use of cartilage from the septum and ala might not suffice and conchal and costal cartilage harvesting requires a second surgical site. Also, considering the increasing demand for revision rhinoplasty, it might not always be feasible to harvest an adequate quantity of graft. The authors suggest the use of finely diced Medpor implant material wrapped in Surgicel, mixed with 1 ml of the patient's blood for dorsal augmentation during rhinoplasty. Preliminary results are encouraging. PMID:21514116

  19. Assessment of Turkish junior male physicians’ exposure to mobbing behavior

    PubMed Central

    Sahin, Bayram; Cetin, Mehmet; Cimen, Mesut; Yildiran, Nuri

    2012-01-01

    Aim To determine the extent of Turkish junior male physicians’ exposure to mobbing behavior and its correlation with physicians' characteristics. Methods The study included physicians recruited for compulsory military service in April 2009. No sampling method was used, questionnaires were delivered to all physicians, and 278 of 292 (95%) questionnaires were returned. We used Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror including 45 items for data collection and structural equation model for data analysis. Results A total of 87.7% of physicians experienced mobbing behavior. Physicians who worked more than 40 hours a week, single physicians, physicians working in university hospitals and private hospitals, and physicians who did not have occupational commitment were more exposed to mobbing (P??0.05). All goodness-of- fit indices of the model were acceptable (?2?=?1.449, normed fit index?=?0.955, Tucker Lewis index?=?0.980, comparative fit index?=?0.985, and root mean square error of approximation?=?0.040). Conclusions Workplace mobbing is a critical problem for junior male physicians in Turkey. We suggest an introduction of a reporting system and education activities for physicians in high-risk groups. PMID:22911529

  20. Turkish Validation and Adaptation of Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ)

    PubMed Central

    Dursun, Onur Burak; Ogutlu, Hakan; Esin, Ibrahim Selcuk

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Chronotype refers to the time of the day that a person’s physical and cognitive functions are active. Simply this is a circadian phase preference of a person. While some of the people are morning active (so called larks) others are more active at nights (The owls). The study of circadian rhythms, known as chronobiology, is all about the metabolic and psychiatric differences between people who have different chronotypes. A few tests are used to determine chronotypes. The CCTQ (Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire) is a parent-report, 27-item mixed format questionnaire measuring chronotype of children in multiple domains : the midsleep point on free days (MSF), a morningness/eveningness scale(M/E) score, and a five-point chronotype (CT) score. The aim of this study is adapting Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ) into Turkish language and validating the instrument in Turkish population. Materials and Methods: 101 children aged nine through eighteen constitude the sample of the study. The sample was composed of clinical (n=51) and community groups (n=50). CCTQ and Morningness Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) questionnaires were applied to children and parents, then the CCTQ and MESC scores were compared to examine the validity of CCTQ. Results: The internal consistency and external validity of the Turkish CCTQ was sufficient to compare MESC-Turkish. As a result of this research carried out in accordance with methodological research principles, correlation between the M/E scores of CCTQ and MESC was significant. Conclusion: The Turkish version of CCTQ has been found to be valid and reliable in Turkish children. PMID:25745346

  1. Factor V Leiden and Prothrombin 20210A Mutations among Turkish Pediatric Leukemia Patients

    PubMed Central

    Ak?n, Dilara Fatma; Sipahi, Kadir; Kayaalp, Tu?ba; E?in, Yonca; Ta?delen, Serpil; Kürekçi, Emin; Ezer, Üstün; Akar, Nejat

    2012-01-01

    This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of the Factor V 1691 G-A and PT 20210 G-A mutations in Turkish children with leukemia. We genotyped 135 pediatric leukemia patients with for these mutations. Eleven (8%) of the 135 patients were heterozygous for the FV 1691 G-A mutation. Seven (5,1%) of the patients carried the PT 20210 G-A heterozygous mutation. Of the 135 patients, only three had thrombotic event, none of which had these two mutations, which is common in Turkish population. Our findings revealed a controversial compared to the previous reports, which needs further investigation. PMID:23198154

  2. [Anthrax meningoencephalitis: a case report and review of Turkish literature].

    PubMed

    Metan, Gökhan; Uysal, Burcu; Co?kun, Ramazan; Perçin, Duygu; Do?anay, Mehmet

    2009-10-01

    The incidence of anthrax is decreasing in Turkey, however, it is still endemic in some regions of the country. Although central nervous system involvement is rare in cases with anthrax, high mortality rates are significant. Here, we report a 46-years old woman who was anthrax meningoencephalitis. The patient was from Yozgat located in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Her history revealed that following peeling the skin of sheeps and consuming their meat a week ago, a lesion developed in her left forearm and she had been treated with penicilin G with the diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax in a local health center. The patient was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital due to increased headache and loss of conciousness and diagnosed as anthrax meningitis. Crytallized penicilin G (24 MU/day IV) and vancomycin (2 g/day IV) were initiated. The macroscopy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample was haemorrhagic, white blood cell count was 40/mm3 (80% of neutrophil) and Gram staining of CSF yielded abundant gram-positive bacilli. The diagnosis was confirmed by the isolation of Bacillus anthracis from CSF culture. Although the isolate was susceptible to penicillin and dexamethasone was added to the treatment, the patient died. Review of the Turkish literature revealed seven cases of anthrax with central nervous system involvement between 1980-2008. One of the patients was an 11-years old boy and the others were adults aged between 19 and 64 years. The source of the infection was skin in four patients and inhalation in one patient. The most common findings in all of the patients were inhabitance in rural area, haemorrhagic CSF and loss of all patients despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. In conclusion, anthrax meningitis and meningoencephalitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of haemorrhagic meningitis in areas where anthrax is endemic and high rate of mortality despite appropriate therapy should always be kept in mind. PMID:20084923

  3. Acculturation and depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany.

    PubMed

    Morawa, Eva; Erim, Yesim

    2014-09-01

    The present study explores the impact of acculturation on depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany, taking into account different dimensions of cultural orientation. A total of 471 patients from two selected samples (254 primary care patients and 217 outpatients of a psychosomatic department) participated. Levels of acculturation were measured as orientation towards culture of origin (CO), and orientation towards the host culture (HC). Acculturation strategies (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) were also assessed as well as their association with depressive symptoms (BDI). Furthermore, gender- and migration-related differences in terms of acculturation and levels of depressive symptomatology were analyzed. Integration was the acculturation strategy associated with the lowest level of depressive symptoms (M = 14.6, SD = 11.9), while marginalization was associated with the highest (M = 23.5, SD = 14.7). Gender was not found to have a significant impact on acculturation but influenced depressive symptoms, with women (M = 21.8, SD = 13.3) reporting higher levels of depressive symptomatology than men (M = 15.1, SD = 14.0; p < 0.001). In first generation immigrants, significantly higher CO (M = 46.6, SD = 8.3; p < 0.001), lower HC (M = 31.0, SD = 9.6; p < 0.001), and higher levels of depressive symptoms (M = 20.2, SD = 14.1; p < 0.001) were found in comparison to second generation immigrants (CO: M = 41.3, SD = 7.4; HC: M = 36.2, SD = 8.8; depressive symptoms: M = 14.0, SD = 12.9). Our results suggest that orientation towards both the heritage and the host culture has a positive effect on the mental health status of immigrants. Future research needs to include representative samples of migrants from different cultures to further explore the association between acculturation and mental health. PMID:25222474

  4. Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms among Turkish Immigrants in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Morawa, Eva; Erim, Yesim

    2014-01-01

    The present study explores the impact of acculturation on depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany, taking into account different dimensions of cultural orientation. A total of 471 patients from two selected samples (254 primary care patients and 217 outpatients of a psychosomatic department) participated. Levels of acculturation were measured as orientation towards culture of origin (CO), and orientation towards the host culture (HC). Acculturation strategies (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) were also assessed as well as their association with depressive symptoms (BDI). Furthermore, gender- and migration-related differences in terms of acculturation and levels of depressive symptomatology were analyzed. Integration was the acculturation strategy associated with the lowest level of depressive symptoms (M = 14.6, SD = 11.9), while marginalization was associated with the highest (M = 23.5, SD = 14.7). Gender was not found to have a significant impact on acculturation but influenced depressive symptoms, with women (M = 21.8, SD = 13.3) reporting higher levels of depressive symptomatology than men (M = 15.1, SD = 14.0; p < 0.001). In first generation immigrants, significantly higher CO (M = 46.6, SD = 8.3; p < 0.001), lower HC (M = 31.0, SD = 9.6; p < 0.001), and higher levels of depressive symptoms (M = 20.2, SD = 14.1; p < 0.001) were found in comparison to second generation immigrants (CO: M = 41.3, SD = 7.4; HC: M = 36.2, SD = 8.8; depressive symptoms: M = 14.0, SD = 12.9). Our results suggest that orientation towards both the heritage and the host culture has a positive effect on the mental health status of immigrants. Future research needs to include representative samples of migrants from different cultures to further explore the association between acculturation and mental health. PMID:25222474

  5. The Poetry of Turkish Village Institute-Educated Poets: Social Commentary on a Developing Nation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zabitgil, Ozlem

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to reach a close understanding of villagers' experience of change in the changing context of the Turkish Republic. The poetry books of two renowned literary figures Mehmet Basaran and Talip Apaydin were studied to investigate villagers' reactions and responses to various national changes. The literary work of these…

  6. The Clash of Modernities: The Islamist Challenge to Jewish, Turkish, and Arab Nationalists

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khaldoun Samman

    2010-01-01

    Professor Samman’s latest book, Clash of Modernities: The Islamist Challenge to Jewish, Turkish and Arab Nationalism was released in December 2010. Samman challenges Eurocentric theorists who peddle the clash of civilization thesis by demonstrating that what in fact is clashing are not civilizational differences but rather a number of modernist discourses that are all trapped in a discursive tradition that

  7. Turkish Adaptation of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Survey for Elementary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Sibel; Dag, Funda

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Survey developed by Schmidt and colleagues into Turkish and investigate its factor structure through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The participants were 352 elementary pre-service teachers from three large universities in northwestern…

  8. Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

  9. Opinions of Students at Turkish and German Universities on Turkey in the EU Accession Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celebi, Nurhayat

    2009-01-01

    Turkey's candidacy for accession to the European Union (EU) dates back to many years and is still a current and highly disputed issue. This study was conducted to determine the opinions of students at Turkish and German universities on Turkey in relation to the European Union. Two hundred twenty six German students participated in the study from…

  10. Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dogan, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

  11. Sociodemographic Characteristics of Turkish Parents in Relation to Their Recognition of Emotional Maltreatment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uslu, Runa Idil; Kapci, Emine Gul; Yildirim, Revan; Oney, Esra

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: To develop an instrument which could assess the extent to which emotionally maltreating parental behavior was recognized by Turkish parents (Study 1) and to evaluate a group of parental and family characteristics that were related with their recognition of emotional maltreatment (Study 2). Methods: Self-administered instruments were…

  12. Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coskun, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

  13. Globalization and Its Challenges for Developing Countries: The Case of Turkish Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akar, Hanife

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each…

  14. Evaluation of Eleventh Grade Turkish Pupils' Comprehension of General Chemistry Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belge Can, Hatice; Boz, Yezdan

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to evaluate eleventh grade Turkish pupils' comprehension of various general chemistry concepts which in turn enables to investigate chemistry concepts which are easier and harder for students to comprehend. Examining the effect of gender and last semester chemistry course grades on pupils' comprehension of general…

  15. Health, Wealth or Family Ties? Why Turkish Work Migrants Return from Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oliver Razum; Nuriye N. Sahin-Hodoglugil; Karin Polit

    2005-01-01

    In the 1960s and 1970s, hundreds of thousands of Turkish workers migrated to Germany. Some settled there, others returned to Turkey after a few years. To explore how the experience of life between two cultures and in transnational families affected the decision to return, we conducted focus-group sessions with male returnees in Turkey who had spent varying lengths of time

  16. Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

    2013-01-01

    Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

  17. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  18. A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

    2009-01-01

    Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

  19. Attitudes of Turkish Parents, Pediatric Residents, and Medical Students toward Child Disciplinary Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orhon, Filiz Simsek; Ulukol, Betul; Bingoler, Bahar; Gulnar, Sevgi Baskan

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The aims of the study were to: determine the attitudes of parents, pediatric residents, and medical students from a Turkish population toward childhood disciplinary methods; ascertain the association of participants' abusive childhood history with their attitudes toward discipline; and assess their attitudes about disciplinary actions,…

  20. Familiarity Overrides Complexity in Rhythm Perception: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of American and Turkish Listeners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannon, Erin E.; Soley, Gaye; Ullal, Sangeeta

    2012-01-01

    Despite the ubiquity of dancing and synchronized movement to music, relatively few studies have examined cognitive representations of musical rhythm and meter among listeners from contrasting cultures. We aimed to disentangle the contributions of culture-general and culture-specific influences by examining American and Turkish listeners' detection…

  1. A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

  2. Determination of the Turkish Primary Students' Views about the Particulate Nature of Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmen, Haluk; Kenan, Osman

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study…

  3. Understanding Cultural Interfaces in the Landscape: A Case Study of Ancient Lycia in the Turkish Mediterranean

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Meryem Atik; Simon Bell; Reyhan Erdo?an

    2012-01-01

    Landscapes by definition include interactions between man and nature. Our actions, perceptions and beliefs create and shape the landscape over time. The aim of this study was to evaluate aspects of the Lycian landscape in the Turkish Mediterranean, testing an approach based on interpreting cultural interfaces. Interfaces between past and present, between man and nature, between culture and space and

  4. Hugging, Drinking Tea, and Listening: Mental Health Needs of Turkish Immigrants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sohtorik, Yasemin; McWilliams, Nancy

    2011-01-01

    Twelve Turkish immigrants were interviewed in a hypothesis-generating, qualitative investigation of their immigration experiences and mental health needs. Findings suggest high levels of psychological distress associated with homesickness, lack of English proficiency, problematic immigration status, difficulty adjusting to a new culture, and…

  5. Puberty and Pubertal Growth in Healthy Turkish Girls: No evidence for secular trend

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rüveyde Bundak; Feyza Darendeliler; Hülya Günöz; Firdevs Bas; Nurçin Saka; Olcay Neyzi

    2008-01-01

    Background: Assessment of pubertal stages should be related to updated and reliable referance data from the same background population. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide normative data for the onset and tempo of puberty in Turkish girls and analyze the growth parameters in puberty. Methods: The analyses are based on data that were collected and evaluated biannually

  6. Turkish Leaders and Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Lobbying for European Union Membership

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brent E. Sasley

    2012-01-01

    This article seeks to contribute to our understanding of Turkish foreign policymaking, which is an under-developed area of study. It does so by examining the role of individual leaders in the foreign policymaking process. It compares two Islamist prime ministers – Necmettin Erbakan and Recep Tayyip Erdo?an – and the difference in their levels of emotional attachment to Islam and

  7. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs Regarding Science Teaching and Their Beliefs about Classroom Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gencer, Ayse Savran; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' science teaching efficacy and classroom management beliefs. Data in this study were collected from a total number of 584 preservice science teachers utilizing the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument and the attitudes and beliefs on classroom control (ABCC)…

  8. An Analysis of English Language Teaching Coursebooks by Turkish Writers: "Let's Speak English 7" Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekir, Serpil; Arikan, Arda

    2007-01-01

    It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students' and teachers' on "Let's Speak English 7" were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing…

  9. From Opfer to Gangsta: The Evolving Linguistic Representations of Turkish-Germans in the Media

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Brenna Reinhart

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the media's portrayal of the linguistic situation of the predominantly Turkish migrant communities in Germany by analyzing data gathered from films, television clips, interviews, radio clips and the Internet, paying specific attention to the vowel systems of each speaker. I observe that the most salient aspect in…

  10. The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

  11. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul; Sadler, Troy D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific…

  12. The Weight of Islam in the Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans Sylvie Gangloff

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Weight of Islam in the Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans Sylvie Gangloff Head, by the Balkan people themselves, as an area of confrontation between Islam and Christianity. Could in the Balkans. Turkey could therefore see in Islam a tool for easing its penetration into this area. But

  13. Turkish University Students' Hopes and Fears about Travel to the West

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Lorraine; Aktas, Gurhan

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to explore the perceptions and attitudes of Turkish university students about to embark on a European exchange trip. This qualitative study sheds light on their hopes and fears about travelling to and living for a period of three months in a western country. The article shows how participants shared common aspirations…

  14. Case Morphology and Word Order in Second Language Turkish: Evidence from Greek Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papadopoulou, Despina; Varlokosta, Spyridoula; Spyropoulos, Vassilios; Kaili, Hasan; Prokou, Sophia; Revithiadou, Anthi

    2011-01-01

    The optional use of morphology attested in second language learners has been attributed either to a representational deficit or to a "surface" problem with respect to the realization of inflectional affixes. In this article we contribute to this issue by providing empirical data from the early interlanguage of Greek learners of Turkish. Three…

  15. Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

  16. Turkish University Students' Technology Use Profiles and Their Thoughts about Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Bahar; Kilic, Eylem; Bakar Corez, Aysegul; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2010-01-01

    This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students,…

  17. An Analysis of the Portrayal of Gender Roles in Turkish Television Advertisements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nimet Uray; Sebnem Burnaz

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine gender role portrayals in Turkish television advertising. For this purpose, a content analysis of the advertisements that aired on the selected 6 television channels was carried out. Three hundred fourteen independent advertisements were coded according to general characteristics of the advertisements and demographic and attitudinal\\/behavioral characteristics of the primary figures. The data

  18. The Effective English Language Teacher from the Perspectives of Turkish Preparatory School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arikan, Arda; Taser, Duygu; Sarac-Suzer, H. Sezgi

    2008-01-01

    In this study, Turkish EFL students' conceptualization of an effective English language teacher is studied. A survey formerly developed by Yu-Hsin (1999) was adapted and administered to 100 foreign language learners studying at two state universities' English language preparatory schools. Also, participants' written responses were collected to…

  19. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

  20. An Investigation of Age and Gender Differences in Physical Self-Concept among Turkish Late Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asci, F. Hulya

    2002-01-01

    Evaluates age and gender differences in physical self-concept of Turkish university students. The Physical Self-Perception Profile was administered to participants for assessing physical self-concept. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for gender, but no significant main effect for year in school. Univariate…

  1. Attributions for Problem Behavior as Described by Turkish Teachers of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erbas, Dilek; Turan, Yasemin; Aslan, Yesim Gulec; Dunlap, Glen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this survey study was to determine Turkish teachers' attributions of problem behaviors. The participants' (special education teachers) attributions of problem behaviors varied with some teachers showing agreement with a behavioral perspective while others attributed the occurrence of problem behaviors to other factors (e.g., poor…

  2. Sociocultural Origins of Turkish Educational Reforms and Ideological Origins of Late Ottoman Intellectuals (1908-1930)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunduz, Mustafa

    2009-01-01

    The modern Turkish state and society have been greatly influenced by reforms of the education system. Second Constitutional Period reforms can be viewed as the preparatory stage of Republican reforms and a time when many of the later reforms were planned and given limited application. In this way both periods contributed to the foundation of…

  3. Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tezci, Erdogan

    2011-01-01

    The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

  4. Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ergin, Murat

    2012-01-01

    Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and…

  5. Emotional Intelligence and Teacher Efficacy: A Study of Turkish EFL Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocoglu, Zeynep

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy's Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On's Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL…

  6. Angiotensin-converting enzyme gene polymorphism in overweight and obese Turkish patients with insulin resistance.

    PubMed

    Akin, Fulya; Turgut, Sebahat; Bastemir, Mehmet; Turgut, Gunfer; Kursunluoglu, Raziye; Karasu, Ugur; Guclu, Aydin

    2010-04-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene in obese Turkish patients with insulin resistance (IR). Sixty-two obese Turkish patients with IR were enrolled in this study. One hundred healthy people without IR were recruited as the control group. ACE amplification was performed by polymerase chain reaction. The frequency of the DD genotype was significantly higher in obese patients with IR than in control subjects. Of sixty-two patients, 1 (1.6%) had an II genotype, 22 (35.5%) had an ID genotype, and 39 (62.9%) had a DD genotype. The frequency of the I allele in the patient group was significantly lower than in controls. We found that the frequency of the DD genotype was higher in obese Turkish patients with IR. ACE gene I/D polymorphism may be associated with obesity in the Turkish population. PMID:20070157

  7. Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yagmur, Kutlay

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

  8. Poststroke Shoulder Pain in Turkish Stroke Patients: Relationship with Clinical Factors and Functional Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlak, Aysegul; Unsal, Sibel; Kaya, Kurtulus; Sahin-Onat, Sule; Ozel, Sumru

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the possible causes of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) in Turkish patients with stroke, to identify the correlation between HSP and clinical factors, and to review the effects of HSP on functional outcomes. A total of 187 consecutive patients with stroke were evaluated for the presence of HSP and for the…

  9. Applying Athletic Identify Measurement Scale on Physical Educators: Turkish Version of AIMS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunçkol, H. Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    In sports research, defining athletic identity of individuals is an important study subject. The subject owes its significance to the fact that an individual's athletic identity affects his other identities throughout his life span. The aim of this study is to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Athletic Identity…

  10. A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.…

  11. Life Satisfaction Depending on Socio-Economic Status and Gender among Turkish Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eroglu, Susran Erkan; Bozgeyikli, Hasan; Calisir, Vahit

    2009-01-01

    This research was carried out using the survey method in an attempt to find out the relationship between the life satisfaction and socio-economic status (SES) of adolescents. The research was conducted among 275 young Turkish people chosen by the random sampling method. The research findings determined that there was a significant difference…

  12. How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sengoren, S. K.

    2010-01-01

    This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

  13. The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gocer, Ali

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

  14. Views of Students about Visuals Used in Turkish Language Course and Workbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aytan, Talat

    2013-01-01

    Turkish course books and workbooks delivered to the second grade primary students are the most important course materials. The visual factors in these materials help the students know and understand the elements such as main theme, plot, scene, setting, characters and existence in a text. They help students develop their thoughts about the texts…

  15. Being Muslim and American: Turkish-American Children Negotiating Their Religious Identities in School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik-Ercan, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    Religious diversity in schools is a growing interest among educational researchers. This qualitative case study examines how 15 Turkish-Muslim children in elementary and middle school negotiated their religious identities as they responded to various experiences in American schools and in their communities. Unlike some earlier studies that…

  16. Mini Skirts and Headscarves: Undergraduate Student Perceptions of Secularism in Turkish Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Seggie, Fatma Nevra

    2008-01-01

    This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education sector. The study further illuminates these students' perspectives of how the university may…

  17. Bee and bee products allergy in Turkish beekeepers: determination of risk factors for systemic reactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Celikel; G. Karakaya; N. Yurtsever; K. Sorkun; A. F. Kalyoncu

    2006-01-01

    BackgroundThe prevalence of allergic reactions due to bee stings in beekeepers varies in different regions of the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of sting reactions and the risk factors for developing systemic reactions in Turkish beekeepers.

  18. [Domestic violence, parenting styles and well-being of German and Turkish juveniles].

    PubMed

    Uslucan, Haci-Halil

    2009-01-01

    This intercultural comparative study tries to identify the influences of domestic violence and parenting styles on juvenile violence and the well-being of juveniles. To this end, 304 German and 214 Turkish pupils in Berlin at the age of 13 to 16 completed a standardised questionnaire in their schools. The results show that Turkish juveniles report more harsh parenting styles than their German age-mates, but by controlling statistically the educational background of the parents, these differences disappear. Nevertheless, as a stable finding, we can hold that Turkish parents demand from their children a more cultural appropriate and disciplined behaviour. Furthermore, regarding the rates of juvenile violence, the main differences are seen in violence-legitimating attitudes and witnessing parental violence in the Turkish group. Lastly, in the relations between parenting styles and violence, there seems to be no culturally different patterns, but more differences in the intensity of disadvantaging consequences of punishing and harsh parenting on the well-being of juveniles. PMID:19485096

  19. An Investigation on the Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Turkish EFL Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Selami

    2008-01-01

    Teachers' observations, students' experiences, and the review of related literature indicate that language anxiety is a significant factor adversely affecting the language learning process. Thus, this study aims to investigate the sources and levels of fear of negative evaluation as well as language anxiety among Turkish students as EFL learners,…

  20. Isomorphic and Diverse Features of Turkish Private Higher Education. PROPHE Working Paper Series. WP No. 18

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizikaci, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    This study examines isomorphic and diversifying changes in Turkish private higher education institutions. Within and across the institutions isomorphic changes are common while diverse patterns appear among institutions with semi-elite characteristics. Within the limits of the national centralized system the semi-elite universities emerged as…

  1. Third Spaces: Turkish Immigrants and Their Children at the Intersection of Identity, Schooling, and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik-Ercan, Zeynep

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative case study utilized hybridity theory, particularly the notion of third spaces, to investigate the ways Turkish immigrants (18 parents and 15 children) negotiate culture, identity, and schooling in the midwestern United States. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and artifacts, and analyzed using…

  2. Examining the Relationship between Teacher Organizational Commitment and School Health in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezgin, Ferudun

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between teachers' perceptions of organizational commitment and school health in Turkish primary schools. The Organizational Commitment Scale and the Organizational Health Inventory were used to gather data from 323 randomly selected teachers employed in 20 primary schools in Ankara.…

  3. Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezgin, Ferudun

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

  4. Gestures in Prelinguistic Turkish Children with Autism, Down Syndrome, and Typically Developing Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toret, Gokhan; Acarlar, Funda

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine gesture use in Turkish children with autism, Down syndrome, and typically developing children. Participants included 30 children in three groups: Ten children with Down syndrome, ten children with autism between 24-60 months of age, and ten typically developing children between 12-18 months of age.…

  5. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions about Scientist and What Factors Affecting the Image of the Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Hakan

    2008-01-01

    Students' views of science and scientists have been widely studied. The purpose of this study is to analyze image of scientist from drawn picture of scientists using The Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) by 5th grade students and to analyze where this image comes from students minds in changing Turkish educational perspective. Two hundred eighty seven…

  6. Active tectonics of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau Alex Copley1

    E-print Network

    and Caspian seas. A NNW-SSE band of previously unrecognized oblique normal faults is present on the Turkey in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea was severed by uplift in the area which is now the Turkish-Iranian Plateau [e

  7. Turkish Students' Science Performance and Related Factors in PISA 2006 and 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Arikan, Serkan; Erbilgin, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) enables participating countries to monitor 15-year old students' progress in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The present study investigates persistent factors that contribute to science performance of Turkish students in PISA 2006 and PISA 2009. Additionally,…

  8. Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

    2004-01-01

    This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

  9. Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti- Helicobacter pylori activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Ye?ilada; ?lhan Gürbüz; Hirofumi Shibata

    1999-01-01

    The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs

  10. Family Quality of Life of Turkish Families Who Have Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meral, Bekir Fatih; Cavkaytar, Atilla; Turnbull, Ann P.; Wang, Mian

    2013-01-01

    This study examined family quality of life (FQOL) of Turkish families who have children with intellectual disabilities (ID) and autism. To research the perceptions of FQOL and relevant predictive relationships, data were gathered from 3,009 families who have children with ID and autism. The data were collected by using a Socio-demographic Family…

  11. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  12. A Study of Needs Analysis at Turkish Gendarmerie in Terms of English for Specific Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solak, Ekrem

    2012-01-01

    Problem Statement: English learning and teaching activities are crucial for Turkish Gendarmerie personnel serving both at home and in various regions of the world. However, there is no sound basis determining the language needs of the gendarmerie organization and personnel to lead them to accomplishment in joint missions. Purpose of Study: This…

  13. Measuring Technology Acceptance Level of Turkish Pre-Service English Teachers by Using Technology Acceptance Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirmizi, Özkan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate technology acceptance of prospective English teachers by using Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in Turkish context. The study is based on Structural Equation Model (SEM). The participants of the study from English Language Teaching Departments of Hacettepe, Gazi and Baskent Universities. The participants…

  14. Turkish Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedeoglu, Hakan; Ulusoy, Mustafa; Lamme, Linda L.

    2012-01-01

    This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers' perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's…

  15. Turkish Preservice Teachers’ Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hakan Dedeoglu; Mustafa Ulusoy; Linda L. Lamme

    2012-01-01

    This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers’ perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's picture books within reader response theories and critical literacy have the potential to help preservice

  16. Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yaman, Havva

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

  17. Predictors of Suicidal Behavior in a Sample of Turkish Suicide Attempters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayar, Kemal; Kose, Samet; Acar, Burcin; Ak, Ismail; Reeves, Robert A.

    2004-01-01

    In a Turkish sample, 100 suicide attempters, were compared with 60 healthy controls on measures of hopelessness, depression, and suicidal ideation. Suicide attempters were more depressive, more hopeless, and displayed greater suicidal ideation than healthy controls. Depression severity rather than hopelessness correlated with suicidal intent.…

  18. An Analysis of Burnout and Job Satisfaction between Turkish Headteachers and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gursel, Musa; Sunbul, Ali Murat; Sari, Hakan

    2002-01-01

    This study attempted to explore Turkish headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction relating to work status, gender and years work-experiences. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is difference between headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction in terms of work status, gender and years…

  19. Using Songs as Audio Materials in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keskin, Funda

    2011-01-01

    The use of songs as audio materials in teaching Turkish as foreign language is an important part of language culture and has an important place in culture. Thus, the transfer of cultural aspects accelerates language learning process. In the light of this view, it becomes necessary to transfer cultural aspects into classroom environment in teaching…

  20. Technology Leadership and Supervision: An Analysis Based on Turkish Computer Teachers' Professional Memories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deryakulu, Deniz; Olkun, Sinan

    2009-01-01

    This study examined Turkish computer teachers' professional memories telling of their experiences with school administrators and supervisors. Seventy-four computer teachers participated in the study. Content analysis of the memories revealed that the most frequently mentioned themes concerning school administrators were "unsupportive attitudes of…

  1. Misconceptions of Students Related with the Turkish Lesson: The Grammar Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batur, Zekerya

    2013-01-01

    Grammar concepts are among the fundamental concepts of Turkish teaching. Improper teaching of them may cause the rise of certain problems in the teaching of high-level lingual concepts. What is intended herein is to identify if 6th Grade students do encounter misconceptions while learning grammar concepts. Data of the study have been obtained via…

  2. Adaptation of Social Interaction Practices for the Preschool Years into Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samur, Ayse Ozturk; Soydan, Sema

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adapt SIPPY (social interaction practices for the preschool years) scale into Turkish. The SIPPY is a tool designed to assess teachers' judgments of the acceptability and feasibility, as well as their current use of literature-supported strategies for promoting the development of young children's social competence in…

  3. Application of microbial enhanced oil recovery technique to a Turkish heavy oil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kemal Behlulgil; Tanju Mehmetoglu; Sedat Donmez

    1992-01-01

    Microbial enhance oil recovery utilizes microorganisms and their metabolic products to improve the recovery of crude oil from reservoir rocks. In this study an anaerobic bacterium, Clostridium acetobutylicum was injected into a one-dimensional model reservoir containing a Turkish heavy oil (Raman oil) at 38° C. This injection was followed by water flooding after a suitable shut-in period. Comparison of oil

  4. Early Understanding of Normativity and Freedom to Act in Turkish Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunçgenç, Bahar; Hohenberger, Annette; Rakoczy, Hannes

    2015-01-01

    Two studies investigated young 2- and 3-year-old Turkish children's developing understanding of normativity and freedom to act in games. As expected, children, especially 3-year-olds, protested more when there was a norm violation than when there was none. Surprisingly, however, no decrease in normative protest was observed even when the…

  5. Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

  6. Turkish Mothers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Styles of Interactions with Their Children with Language Delays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diken, Ibrahim H.

    2009-01-01

    Turkish mothers' self-efficacy beliefs and their interactional behaviors with their children with language delays are described and explored. Participants included 19 mother-child dyads. Mothers' interaction with their children with language delays was videotaped for 30 minutes in a free-play context. Regarding mothers' interactional behaviors,…

  7. Development of Synergistic Climate Scale: The Reliability and Validity of Turkish and Slovakian Forms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Ahmet

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop a Synergistic Climate Scale (SCS) that can be used in organizations. Firstly prepared with 20 items, the scale was examined by five experts for its content validity, readability and intelligibility. As a result, two items were added to the scale, after experts' views. In the development of Turkish

  8. The Examination of Teacher Stress among Turkish Early Childhood Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdiller, Z. B.; Dogan, Ö.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the level of teacher stress experienced by Turkish early childhood education teachers working in public and private preschools serving children from three to six years of age. The participants of the study include 1119 early childhood education teachers gathered through simple random sampling. The data are…

  9. Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabacak, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

  10. of Turks': the Turkish for `species' is `Tr'. Instead of playing soccer,

    E-print Network

    Sekercioglu, Cagan Hakki

    made me read many books in English, boosting my SAT and other relevant test scores. At age 6, IMagazine R of Turks': the Turkish for `species' is `Tür'. Instead of playing soccer, I brought home biologists increasingly work with existing datasets. This is a huge loss, both personally and professionally

  11. Attitudes of Turkish Distance Learners toward Internet-Based Learning: An Investigation Depending on Demographical Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekinarslan, Erkan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop an attitude scale toward Internet-based learning (IBL) and to investigate whether attitude levels of Turkish distance learners in an IBL environment differ according to their demographical characteristics (i.e. age, gender, marital status, parental status, employment status, grade point average (GPA).…

  12. Turkish-German Access to Higher Education: An Historical and Democratic Theory Analysis, 1960-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Roger Geertz

    2012-01-01

    This article looks at access to higher education in Germany. For a number of reasons, explained in this article, higher education is presently an elite system that privileges ethnic Germans while preventing Turkish-Germans from gaining sufficient access into academe. If Germany is to become a fully functioning multicultural democracy with equal…

  13. Transfer of Conceptualization Patterns in Bilinguals: The Construal of Motion Events in Turkish and German

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daller, Michael H.; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine; Furman, Reyhan

    2011-01-01

    In the present article we provide evidence for the occurrence of transfer of conceptualization patterns in narratives of two German-Turkish bilingual groups. All bilingual participants grew up in Germany, but only one group is still resident in Germany (n = 49). The other, the returnees, moved back to Turkey after having lived in Germany for…

  14. Maternal Socialization and Child Temperament as Predictors of Emotion Regulation in Turkish Preschoolers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yagmurlu, Bilge; Altan, Ozge

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the role of maternal socialization and temperament in Turkish preschool children's emotion regulation. Participants consisted of 145 preschoolers (79 boys, 69 girls; M[subscript age]= 62 months), their mothers, and daycare teachers from middle-high socioeconomic suburbs of Istanbul. Maternal child-rearing practices and…

  15. Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serin, Oguz

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

  16. The Comprehension of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition and Agrammatism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Ozgur

    2007-01-01

    The purposes of this study are to test whether the processing of subject relative (SR) clauses is easier than that of object relative (OR) clauses in Turkish and to investigate whether the comprehension of SRs can be better explained by the linear distance hypothesis or structural distance hypothesis (SDH). The question is examined in two groups…

  17. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students' Anxiety in Oral Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Subasi, Gonca

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student's fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department…

  18. Motivations of Turkish Pre-Service Teachers to Choose Teaching as a Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akar, Ebru Ozturk

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the motivations of 974 Turkish pre-service teachers for choosing teaching as a career and to examine their perceptions about the teaching profession. Correlations, t test, ANCOVAs and MANCOVAs were used to explore the relationships among participants' motivations and perceptions, and to make comparisons…

  19. Visiting Shrines: A Turkish Religious Practice and Its Mental Health Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Ciftci, Ayse; Bulgan, Gokce

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore through qualitative methodology the practice of visiting shrines, a religious practice indigenous to Turkish Muslims, and its potential mental health benefits. Thirteen individuals were interviewed at two shrines in Istanbul, Turkey. The researchers focused on visitors' presenting issues, beliefs…

  20. Antihypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activity assessment of some plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gulcan Avc?; Esra Kupeli; Abdullah Eryavuz; Erdem Yesilada; Ismail Kucukkurt

    2006-01-01

    Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from five plant species used in Turkish traditional medicine were evaluated for in vivo hypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activities: Agrostemma githago L., Potentilla reptans L., Thymbra spicata var. spicata L., Urtica dioica L. and Viscum album var. album L. We assayed the effects of the administration of plant extracts on serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, glucose,

  1. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

  2. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage and Achievement of Turkish Students in Pisa 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aypay, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the ICT usage and academic achievement of Turkish students in PISA 2006 data. The sample of the study included 4942 students from 160 schools. Frequencies, independent samples t-tests, ANOVAs, pearson correlation coefficients, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used. A high percentage…

  3. Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

  4. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  5. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  6. Physical and nutritional properties of four major commercial Turkish hazelnut varieties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feramuz Ozdemir; Ibrahim Akinci

    2004-01-01

    Several physical and nutritional properties of four hazelnut varieties (Palaz, Tombul, Cakildak, and Kara, which are major commercial Turkish hazelnut varieties) were determined and compared in terms of linear dimensions, mass, volume, sphericity, surface area, projected area, true and bulk densities, porosity, repose angle, shell ratio, terminal velocity, rupture force, static coefficient of friction of hazelnuts and crude protein, oil,

  7. The Effects of Impetuous, Exploratory, and Overall Indecisiveness on Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sari, Enver

    2007-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to determine the relationships between levels of indecisiveness and their self-esteem among Turkish university students. The study was designed and implemented in 2006 with 320 voluntary university students of whom 170 were females and 150 males in Giresun, Turkey. The Personal Indecisiveness Scale (PIS;…

  8. Epidemiology of Attention Problems among Turkish Children and Adolescents: A National Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erol, Nese; Simsek, Zeynep; Oner, Ozgur; Munir, Kerim

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology of attention problems using parent, teacher, and youth informants among a nationally representative Turkish sample. Method: The children and adolescents, 4 to 18 years old, were selected from a random household survey. Attention problems derived from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (N = 4,488), Teacher…

  9. Reliability and Construct Validity of Turkish Version of Physical Education Activities Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memis, Ugur Altay

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted to examine the reliability and construct validity of Turkish version of physical education activities scale (PEAS) which was developed by Thomason (2008). Participants in this study included 313 secondary and high school students from 7th to 11th grades. To analyse the data, confirmatory factor analysis, post hoc…

  10. Computer Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers and Impacting Demographics: A Turkish Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahveci, Ajda; Sahin, Nese; Genc, Sebnem

    2011-01-01

    Technology use in education is largely influenced by external environmental and personal teacher factors. Adding a Turkish perspective, the purpose of the present study was to explore secondary school teachers' perceptions of computers and influencing demographics characteristics. Cross-sectional survey methodology was employed in three secondary…

  11. Turkish, Indian, and American Chemistry Textbooks Use of Inscriptions to Represent "Types of Chemical Reactions"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Sevgi; Sinha, Somnath; Izci, Kemal; Volkmann, Mark

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate inscriptions used in "Types of Chemical Reactions" topic in Turkish, Indian, and American chemistry textbooks. We investigated both the types of inscriptions and how they were used in textbooks to support learning. A conceptual analysis method was employed to determine how those textbooks use…

  12. An Online Handwriting Recognition System For Turkish Esra Vural, Hakan Erdogan, Kemal Oflazer, Berrin Yanikoglu

    E-print Network

    Erdogan, Hakan

    An Online Handwriting Recognition System For Turkish Esra Vural, Hakan Erdogan, Kemal Oflazer are common to online handwriting recognition systems in general. Several dynamic features are extracted from the handwriting data for each recorded point and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) are used to train letter and word

  13. The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

  14. THE CONSEQUENCES OF INTERNET CAFÉ USE ON TURKISH COLLEGE STUDENTS' SOCIAL CAPITAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mustafa KOÇ; Karen Ann FERNEDING

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet café use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet café usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafés. Social capital, on the other hand, was characterized by feelings

  15. Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavas, Pinar

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

  16. Gendered Communities of Practice and the Construction of Masculinities in Turkish Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atencio, Matthew; Koca, Canan

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the construction of masculinities in Turkish physical education through Carrie Paechter's conceptualisation of gendered communities of practice. According to Paechter, educational communities of practice operate as sites of gendered activity. Membership within these communities contributes to the construction of a gendered…

  17. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  18. Population genetic data for 15 autosomal STR markers in Turkish Cypriots from Cyprus.

    PubMed

    Gurkan, Cemal; Demirdov, Damla Kanliada; Yamaci, Rezan Fahrioglu; Sevay, Huseyin

    2015-01-01

    Fifteen autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) markers [D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, THO1, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, vWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA] were analyzed in 501 unrelated, randomly selected Turkish Cypriot individuals from the island of Cyprus. While no locus duplications or null alleles were detected in these samples, eight allelic variants were observed in total, 75% of which were intermediate allelic variants that were absent in the system allelic ladder. Allelic frequencies and statistical parameters of forensic interest were calculated at each locus. For the 15 STR loci tested, combined matching probability (pM) was 2.15717 × 10(-18) and combined power of exclusion (PE) was 0.9999995213. No deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed, except for the vWA locus, which became insignificant after the Bonferroni correction for multiple testing. Locus-by-locus comparisons of the Turkish Cypriot allelic frequencies with those published for the neighboring and/or historically related populations with similar loci coverage (Turkish, Greek, Greek Cypriot, Italian and Lebanese) revealed some statistically significant differences at one to five loci. In general, an increase in the number of such significant differences between the Turkish Cypriot data and those for other populations correlated closely with an increase in the geographic distance and/or a decrease in the amount of historical contact. The Turkish Cypriot autosomal STR population study will find immediate use in the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Project on the "Exhumation, Identification and Return of Remains of Missing Persons" and it will also be available for criminal, parentage and other missing person investigations. PMID:25270185

  19. Source vs. Stance? On the Interpretation and Use of Evidential Utterances by Turkish- vs. English-Speaking Adults

    E-print Network

    Tosun, Sumeyra

    2014-05-01

    This research empirically examined the relationship between evidentiality and modality in sentence interpretation by Turkish vs. English speakers and the influence of different forms of evidential marking on the establishment of discourse coherence...

  20. Financing for Turkish Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: SMEs Restructuring, Business Plans, and Value-Adding Chains as Tools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Klaus Jurgens

    Before debating the financing for Turkish small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), we must understand SMEs. Likewise, Turkish\\u000a SMEs must learn to understand the concept behind “technical readiness.” Their obstacles may be linked to not having enough\\u000a money as reserve, not being able to offer collateral, not producing anything that has a “high value,” not having a turnover\\u000a or balance sheet

  1. Predictors of Turkish Women’s and Men’s Attitudes toward Sexual Harassment: Ambivalent Sexism, and Ambivalence Toward Men

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nuray Sakall?-U?urlu; Selin Salman; Sinem Turgut

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the relationships among ambivalent sexism (hostile\\/benevolent), ambivalence toward men (hostility\\/benevolence)\\u000a and Turkish women\\/men’s attitudes toward sexual harassment, including attitudes toward viewing sexual harassment as a result\\u000a of provocative behaviors of women (ASHPBW) and attitudes toward viewing sexual harassment as a trivial matter (ASHTM). Participants\\u000a included 220 Turkish undergraduates (136 female; Mage?=?20.00). They tended to blame women for

  2. Who Profits Most from Early Parental Investments? The Effects of Activities Inside and Outside the Family on German and Turkish Children’s Language Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Birgit Becker

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyses the effects of direct and indirect early parental investments on the German-language development of 3–5-year-old\\u000a children of Turkish immigrants and native German children. Since Turkish parents are on average less proficient in German\\u000a than native parents, it is hypothesised that Turkish children cannot profit as much as German children from activities inside\\u000a the family (e.g., frequency of

  3. Iranian Azeri’s Y-Chromosomal Diversity in the Context of Turkish-Speaking Populations of the Middle East

    PubMed Central

    Andonian, L; Rezaie, S; Margaryan, A; Farhud, DD; Mohammad, K; Naieni, K Holakouie; Khorramizadeh, MR; Sanati, M H; Jamali, M; Bayatian, P; Yepiskoposyan, L

    2011-01-01

    Background: The main goal of this study was to conduct a comparative population genetic study of Turkish speaking Iranian Azeries as being the biggest ethno-linguistic community, based on the polymorph markers on Y chromosome. Methods: One hundred Turkish-speaking Azeri males from north-west Iran (Tabriz, 2008–2009) were selected based on living 3 generations paternally in the same region and not having any relationship with each other. Samples were collected by mouth swabs, DNA extracted and multiplex PCR done, then 12 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and 6 Microsatellites (MS) were sequenced. Obtained data were statistically analyzed by Arlequin software. Results: SNPs and Microsatellites typing were compared with neighboring Turkish-speaking populations (from Turkey and Azerbaijan) and Turkmens representing a possible source group who imposed the Turkish language during 11–15th centuries AD. Azeris demonstrated high level of gene diversity compatible with patterns registered in the neighboring Turkish-speaking populations, whereas the Turkmens displayed significantly lower level of genetic variation. This rate of genetic affiliation depends primarily on the geographic proximity. Conclusion: The imposition of Turkish language to this region was realized predominantly by the process of elite dominance, i.e. by the limited number of invaders who left only weak patrilineal genetic trace in modern populations of the region. PMID:23113065

  4. Molecular identification of Anisakis species (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes collected in Turkish waters.

    PubMed

    Pekmezci, Gokmen Zafer; Onuk, Ertan Emek; Bolukbas, Cenk Soner; Yardimci, Banu; Gurler, Ali Tumay; Acici, Mustafa; Umur, Sinasi

    2014-03-17

    Anisakid nematodes are important etiological agents for zoonotic human anisakiasis (or anisakidosis). These parasites in the Turkish waters still remain unexplored. This study aims the molecular identification of Anisakis species in Turkey's coast from Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Sea and specifically to screen for zoonotic species in commonly commercialized a total of 1145 fish belonging to 31 different species using both polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PCR-RFLP) and sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit II (cox2) gene. A total of 776 Anisakis type I larvae were isolated in 56/1145 (4.8%) fish of 7 species from Turkish waters. The combining all of our results, e.g., morphology, PCR-RFLP, ITS region, and the cox2 gene, conclusively supported the identification of 3 Anisakis spp. taken from marine fish hosts, namely Anisakis pegreffii, Anisakis typica and Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.str.)/A. pegreffii hybrid genotype. No Anisakis larvae were isolated from the Black Sea whereas A. pegreffii, A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotype was found in the Aegean Sea and A. pegreffii was only isolated from the Mediterranean Sea. This study represents the first identification of A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotypes from Turkish waters. Moreover, in the present study first record of the presence of A. pegreffii is also reported from Turkish coasts of Aegean and Mediterranean Sea. No zoonotic Anisakis species were found in commonly commercialized 1025 fish belonging to 16 different species from the Black Sea, thus Turkish populations who consume captured fish from the Black Sea may have a less risk of human anisakiasis or allergies. However, the prevalence of larvae were 47.1% and 46% and recognized zoonotic A. pegreffii were identified from the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coast, suggesting a high threat of anisakiasis or allergies for Turkish populations who consume fish originating in these regions. PMID:24485564

  5. [Suicide Rates and Suicide Prevention in Women of Turkish Origin in Berlin.

    PubMed

    Schouler-Ocak, M; Aichberger, M; Yesil, R; Montesinos, A H; Bromand, Z; Termur-Erman, S; Rapp, M; Heinz, A

    2013-11-21

    Suicidality in female Turkish immigrants is higher as compared to that of native-born women of the same age. The analysis of the national mortality registry in Germany reported a 2-fold suicide risk in the target group compared to German women of the same age. A population-based multi-modal intervention project was conducted. Suicidal crisis were analysed in focus groups and guided the development of the intervention module. The intervention consisted of a public awareness campaign, a telephone hotline, and the training of key persons. All parts of the intervention were subsequently evaluated. Suicide attempts of the target group that were presented at all emergency units in Berlin were registered. In a population-based interview survey the aim was to elicit central sociodemographic and psychosocial variables that may influence distress and help-seeking behaviour in women of Turkish origin. PMID:24264623

  6. Cultivar Origin and Admixture Detection in Turkish Olive Oils by SNP-Based CAPS Assays.

    PubMed

    Uncu, Ali Tevfik; Frary, Anne; Doganlar, Sami

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to establish a DNA-based identification key to ascertain the cultivar origin of Turkish monovarietal olive oils. To reach this aim, we sequenced short fragments from five olive genes for SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) identification and developed CAPS (cleaved amplified polymorphic DNA) assays for SNPs that alter restriction enzyme recognition motifs. When applied on the oils of 17 olive cultivars, a maximum of five CAPS assays were necessary to discriminate the varietal origin of the samples. We also tested the efficiency and limit of our approach for detecting olive oil admixtures. As a result of the analysis, we were able to detect admixing down to a limit of 20%. The SNP-based CAPS assays developed in this work can be used for testing and verification of the authenticity of Turkish monovarietal olive oils, for olive tree certification, and in germplasm characterization and preservation studies. PMID:25673069

  7. Effects of modified atmosphere packaging on shelf life of Turkish delight (lokum).

    PubMed

    Dereli, Zeynep; Sevik, Ramazan; Batu, Ali; Gök, Veli

    2014-10-01

    Turkish delight is a sugar-based jellylike confection that has been produced for hundreds of years. In this study, four different modified atmospheres were created in order to extend the shelf life of Turkish delight. Microbiological analyses and sensory evaluations were conducted at the beginning of storage and at 7-day intervals thereafter. Microbiological analyses showed that the numbers of total mesophilic aerobic bacteria within samples stored in a modified atmosphere of 30% CO2 plus 70% N2 were lower than in the other modified atmospheres. According to sensory evaluations, the samples kept in a modified atmosphere of 50% CO2 plus 50% N2 were unacceptable after the 21st day of storage, whereas those kept in modified atmospheres of both 25% CO2 plus 75% N2 and 30% CO2 plus 70% N2 were found to be acceptable even after 30 days of storage. PMID:25285501

  8. Path analysis of organizational commitment, job involvement and job satisfaction in Turkish hospitality industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ay?e Kuruüzüm; Emre Ipekçi Çetin; Sezgin Irmak

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to determine the structural relationships between job involvement, job satisfaction, and three dimensions of organizational commitment (i.e. affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance commitment) in the Turkish hospitality industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire survey was conducted among the full-time employees of five-star hotels in the Antalya region, which is an important tourism destination especially for

  9. The Relationships Between Sensation Seeking and Gender Role Orientations Among Turkish University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Demet Erol Öngen

    2007-01-01

    The relationships between sensation seeking and gender role orientation were examined among 325 Turkish university students.\\u000a The Sensation Seeking Scale Form V (SSS-V; Zuckerman, Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. Cambridge University Press, New York, 1994) and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI; Bem, Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 42:155–162, 1974) were used for data collection. The

  10. Characterization of two Turkish ?-hexosaminidase mutations causing Tay–Sachs disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hatice Asuman Özkara; Konrad Sandhoff

    2003-01-01

    Two homoallelic mutations have recently been identified in the ?-subunit of hexosaminidase A (EC 3.2.1.52) causing the infantile form of Tay–Sachs disease in Turkish patients. Both of these mutations, a 12 bp deletion (1096–1107 or 1098–1108 or 1099–1109) in exon 10 and a point mutation (G1362 to A, Gly454 to Asp) in exon 12, are located in the catalytic domain

  11. Alternative Diesel Fuel Study on Four Different Types of Vegetable Oils of Turkish Origin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TURGUT ÖZAKTA; F?L?Z KARAOSMANOGLU

    1997-01-01

    Four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, com, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20\\/80 (v\\/v). Blends were investigated in a diesel engine with a precombustion chamber at speeds between 1200 and 2100 rpm. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel, and fuel blends were characterized according to standard test methods.

  12. Evaluation of Turkish sulphur olive oil as an alternative diesel fuel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. A. Aksoy; I. Kahraman; F. Karaosmanoglu; H. Civelekoglu

    1988-01-01

    Esterification of Turkish sulphur olive oil with different types of straight- and branched-chain monohydric alcohols has been\\u000a investigated. Reaction conditions such as temperature and time have been evaluated, and monoester yield has been determined.\\u000a As the alcohol component, direct application of an industrial byproduct such as crude fuel oil has been investigated. Finally\\u000a some preliminary laboratory tests concerning the suitability

  13. Waist circumference percentiles for 7- to 17-year-old Turkish children and adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nihal Hatipoglu; Ahmet Ozturk; Mumtaz M. Mazicioglu; Selim Kurtoglu; Selda Seyhan; Fikret Lokoglu

    2008-01-01

    Abdominal obesity is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference as a\\u000a measure of obesity may be clinically useful as a predictor of metabolic syndrome in children. To develop age- and sex-specific\\u000a reference values for waist circumference we evaluated the data obtained from Turkish children and adolescents. Waist circumference\\u000a measurements from 4,770 healthy schoolchildren

  14. Trust as a determinant of entrepreneurs' preference to remain tenants in Turkish business incubators.

    PubMed

    A?cigil, Semra F; Magner, Nace R; Temel, Elif Karabulut

    2011-08-01

    Relations of two types of trust by entrepreneurs with the entrepreneurs' preference to remain an incubator tenant were examined using questionnaire data from 67 owners of companies in 6 Turkish incubators. As hypothesized, trust in incubator management had a positive and unique relation with preference to remain an incubator tenant. However, trust in other incubator tenants did not show the hypothesized positive and unique relation with preference to remain a tenant; the results indicated the relation is negative. PMID:22049659

  15. Validation evidence for Turkish adaptation of Champion's Health Belief Model Scales.

    PubMed

    Gözüm, Sebahat; Aydin, Ilknur

    2004-01-01

    Instruments using Health Belief Model constructs in breast cancer screening in previous studies were developed and tested by Champion for American women, and since then, these have been revised twice. Champion's Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) has been translated and tested in various studies in other countries and cultures. Also, the current study examined the validity and reliability of the Turkish adaptation of the CHBMS among Turkish women. The instrument was translated using a back-translation technique, which includes the use of a panel of experts and interpreters to translate the items from the source language to the target language and then back-translate them to the source language. The study was conducted in Ordu, a city in north Turkey. A total of 266 Turkish women aged 20 and older working as primary schoolteachers were included in the sample. Analyses included internal consistency, reliability, factor analysis, and known group techniques. After the analysis, 3 items from the Barriers domain, 1 from the Seriousness domain, and 2 from the Motivation domain were deleted from the original scale. So, the final Turkish version of the CHBMS (CHBMS-T) consisted of 36 items that were clustered into 6 subscales: susceptibility (3 items), seriousness (6 items), motivation (5 items), benefits of breast self-examination (BSE) (4 items), barriers to BSE (8 items), and confidence/self-efficacy of BSE (10 items). Internal consistency ranged from 0.69 to 0.83. Construct validity was supported by exploring the factor structure of the instrument using factor analysis and testing known-group techniques. Psychometric testing demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency and validity of the instrument for this group of women. It can be used in planning and testing interventions to improve BSE beliefs and practice. PMID:15632789

  16. Attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of Turkish secondary and high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramiz ARABACI

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study was to investigate attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of Turkish secondary and high school students related to gender and age. The participants were 302 female (Mage = 13.11 ± 0.79) and 332 male (Mage = 13.14 ± 0.69) students from secondary school education aged 12 to 14 and 290 female (Mage = 16.48

  17. Unprotected Sexual Intercourse and Unplanned Pregnancy Experience of Turkish University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ayten Senturk Erenel; Zehra Golbasi

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the unprotected sexual experience for Turkish university students. The study was carried out with 1,689\\u000a voluntary students from two state universities. The data was gathered with a questionnaire composed of 33 questions prepared\\u000a by researchers. Chi- square test and Student t test were used in the statistical analysis of data. 15.9% of the students had sexual experience.

  18. Marketing and advertising practices of Turkish entrepreneurs in transition economies: Evidence from Georgia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdener Kaynak; Ali Riza Apil; Serkan Yalcin

    2009-01-01

    As a transition economy, Georgia has an uncertain, complex, and immature business environment, typical of transition economies\\u000a in the Eurasian region. In an effort to provide insights into marketing and advertising practices in the Eurasian transition\\u000a economies, this study empirically examines the marketing and advertising practices in Georgia through two surveys conducted\\u000a with Turkish entrepreneurs in Georgia and Georgian consumers.

  19. Attitudes towards women managers: Development and validation of a new measure with Turkish samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zeynep Aycan; Mahmut Bayazit; Yonca Berkman; Hale Bolak Boratav

    2012-01-01

    This study reports the development of a new instrument measuring attitudes towards women managers (ATWoM). To test its reliability and validity data were collected from 456 Turkish employees from 23 organizations. Reliability and validitiy of ATWoM's final version were also tested with a separate sample comprised 312 students enrolled in junior–senior undergraduate and MBA programmes. ATWoM's psychometric properties were superior

  20. Attitudes towards women managers: Development and validation of a new measure with Turkish samples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zeynep Aycan; Mahmut Bayazit; Yonca Berkman; Hale Bolak Boratav

    2011-01-01

    This study reports the development of a new instrument measuring attitudes towards women managers (ATWoM). To test its reliability and validity data were collected from 456 Turkish employees from 23 organizations. Reliability and validitiy of ATWoM's final version were also tested with a separate sample comprised 312 students enrolled in junior–senior undergraduate and MBA programmes. ATWoM's psychometric properties were superior

  1. Rate of allergic fungal etiology of chronic rhinosinusitis in Turkish population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yusuf Hidir; Fuat Tosun; Mehmet Ali Saracli; Armagan Gunal; Mustafa Gulec; Sertac Yetiser

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate intranasal fungal incidence in Turkish patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).\\u000a One hundred patients with CRS and 40 healthy subjects as a control group were included in the prospective study. Nasal lavage\\u000a samples were investigated for the presence of fungus, using new culture techniques and histopathologic examination. Epidermal\\u000a and intradermal hypersensitivity tests were

  2. Fate of some pathogenic bacteria and molds in Turkish Tarhana during fermentation and storage period

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fulya Turanta?; Kemal Kemahl?o?lu

    The survival of the molds and some pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli O157:H7, S. aureus, S. typhimurium and B. cereus during fermentation and storage period of tarhana (traditional Turkish fermented food) was investigated. Tarhana batches were produced with two different yogurt\\/flour ratio 0.5 (T1) and 0.75 (T2). The pH and Eh values of samples were around 4.0–4.5 and 130–160 mV

  3. Analysis of menstrual, reproductive, and life-style factors for breast cancer risk in Turkish women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Betul Oran; Ismail Celik; Mustafa Erman; Esmen Baltali; Nurullah Zengin; Figen Demirkazik; Sabahat Tezcan

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between menstrual, reproductive, and life-style factors and breast\\u000a cancer in Turkish women. In a hospital-based case-control study in Ankara, 622 patients with histologically confirmed breast\\u000a cancer were compared with 622 age-matched controls, admitted to the same hospital for acute and non-neoplastic diseases. Unconditional\\u000a logistic regression was used to estimate odds

  4. Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Turkish Children and Adolescents with Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rasim Somer Diler; Ayse Avci

    2002-01-01

    Aim. To assess clinical and demographic characteristics of Turkish children and adolescents with obsessive-compul- sive disorder. Method. The study comprised 47 children and adolescents (31 boys and 15 girls) aged between 9 and 15 years, who were diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV. At the first interview, sociodemographic data of patients were recorded

  5. Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

    2008-01-01

    This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

  6. Owner-managers' perceptions of barriers to innovation: empirical evidence from Turkish SMEs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilek Demirbas; Javed G. Hussain; Harry Matlay

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims to examine the barriers to innovation, as perceived and experienced by owner-managers of Turkish small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is based on an empirical investigation of 224 SMEs operating in Turkey. Emergent results were analysed using a logit regression model to explore barriers to innovation as perceived and experienced by these

  7. Globalization and its challenges for developing countries: the case of Turkish higher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanife Akar

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators\\u000a in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After\\u000a a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each stage of development of Turkey’s\\u000a modern institutions of

  8. Psychometric properties of the Differentiation of Self Inventory-Revised in Turkish adults.

    PubMed

    I??k, Erkan; Bulduk, Sabiha

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the validity and reliability of (Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 2003, 29, 209) Differentiation of Self Inventory-Revised (DSI-R; Skowron & Schmit, 2003) in Turkish adults. The DSI-R was translated, independently back-translated, and revised. Two independent samples of adults over the age of 25 were used. The original 46-item DSI-R was not supported by the data derived from Sample 1 (n = 221). However, a revised 20-item, four-factor model fit the data well. This 20-item model was subsequently cross-validated with a second sample of Turkish adults (n = 187). Scale scores showed adequate internal consistency, 5-week test-retest reliability, and satisfactory convergent and criterion-related validity. It was concluded that Turkish DSI-R (DSI-T) is a valid and reliable measure to assess an individual's differentiation level. In light of the findings, implications for the use of the DSI-T and ideas for future research are discussed. PMID:24749993

  9. Validity and reliability of a new test for Turkish-speaking aphasic patients: Ege Aphasia Test.

    PubMed

    Calis, Funda Atamaz; On, Arzu Yagiz; Durmaz, Berrin

    2013-01-01

    Due to the fact that the phonetic, morphological and syntactic structures of the Turkish language differ significantly from other European languages, the translated forms of the currently available aphasia assessment batteries are not adequate for Turkish-speaking aphasic patients. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Ege Aphasia Test that we have developed. The test, which includes the 8 subtests of praxia, spontaneous language, auditory and verbal comprehension, repetition, naming, reading, writing and calculating, was applied into 100 aphasic patients, 40 dysarthric patients and 40 healthy subjects. All test-retest intra-class correlation coefficients were found to be excellent (ICC = 0.99). The Cronbach's coefficients ranged from 0.71 to 0.91. All the subtests showed significantly greater scores in aphasic patients (p < 0.05). Significant correlations were found between the subtests and corrected total score (p < 0.05). Finally, the Ege Aphasia Test has an acceptable validity and reliability. It seems to be a promising battery for evaluation of aphasia in the Turkish language, which is spoken mainly in Turkey and in the surrounding regions. We believe that this study will pioneer the development of aphasia rehabilitation in these countries and contribute to future studies. PMID:23422469

  10. Development of a problematic mobile phone use scale for Turkish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Güzeller, Cem Oktay; Co?guner, Tolga

    2012-04-01

    Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Scale (PMPUS) for Turkish Adolescents. The psychometric properties of PMPUS were tested in two separate sample groups that consisted of 950 Turkish high school students. The first sample group (n=309) was used to determine the factor structure of the scale. The second sample group (n=461) was used to test data conformity with the identified structure, discriminant validity and concurrent scale validity, internal consistency reliability calculations, and item statistics calculations. The results of exploratory factor analyses indicated that the scale had three factors: interference with negative effect, compulsion/persistence, and withdrawal/tolerance. The results showed that item and construct reliability values yielded satisfactory rates in general for the three-factor construct. On the other hand, the average variance extracted value remained below the scale value for three subscales. The scores for the scale significantly correlated with depression and loneliness. In addition, the discriminant validity value was above the scale in all sub-dimensions except one. Based on these data, the reliability of the PMPUS scale appears to be satisfactory and provides good internal consistency. Therefore, with limited exception, the PMPUS was found to be reliable and valid in the context of Turkish adolescents. PMID:22304426

  11. Analysis of the effects of the global financial crisis on the Turkish economy, using hierarchical methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantar, Ersin; Keskin, Mustafa; Deviren, Bayram

    2012-04-01

    We have analyzed the topology of 50 important Turkish companies for the period 2006-2010 using the concept of hierarchical methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and hierarchical tree (HT)). We investigated the statistical reliability of links between companies in the MST by using the bootstrap technique. We also used the average linkage cluster analysis (ALCA) technique to observe the cluster structures much better. The MST and HT are known as useful tools to perceive and detect global structure, taxonomy, and hierarchy in financial data. We obtained four clusters of companies according to their proximity. We also observed that the Banks and Holdings cluster always forms in the centre of the MSTs for the periods 2006-2007, 2008, and 2009-2010. The clusters match nicely with their common production activities or their strong interrelationship. The effects of the Automobile sector increased after the global financial crisis due to the temporary incentives provided by the Turkish government. We find that Turkish companies were not very affected by the global financial crisis.

  12. Colonization of Legionella species in Turkish baths in hotels in Alanya, Turkey.

    PubMed

    Erdogan, Haluk; Arslan, Hande

    2015-05-01

    This study evaluated the prevalence of Legionella species in water samples collected from Turkish baths in hotels in Alanya, Turkey, from August 2003 to September 2013. Water samples were collected in 100-mL sterile containers and then concentrated by filtration. Heat treatment was used to eliminate other microorganisms from the samples, which were then spread on Legionella-selective-buffered charcoal yeast extract alpha (BCYE-?) agar and on BCYE-? agar supplemented with glycine, vancomycin, polymyxin, and cycloheximide. Cysteine-dependent colonies were identified by latex agglutination. In total, 135 samples from 52 hotels with Turkish baths were evaluated. Legionella species were identified in 11/52 (21.2 %) hotels and 18/135 (13.3 %) samples. The most frequently isolated species was Legionella pneumophila, with most isolates belonging to serogroups 6 (55.6 %) and 1 (22.2 %). The colony count was <100 colony-forming units (CFU) mL(-1) in nine samples, from 100 to 1000 CFU mL(-1) in six samples, and >1000 CFU mL(-1) in three samples. These findings suggest that the hot water systems of Turkish baths in hotels must be viewed as a possible source of travel-associated Legionnaires' disease, and preventative measures should be put in place. PMID:25850992

  13. Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks

    PubMed Central

    Wege, Briana Vander; Sánchez González, Mayra L.; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M.; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

    2014-01-01

    Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed. PMID:24987384

  14. Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks.

    PubMed

    Wege, Briana Vander; Sánchez González, Mayra L; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

    2014-01-01

    Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed. PMID:24987384

  15. Analysis of TPO gene in Turkish children with iodide organification defect: identification of a novel mutation.

    PubMed

    Turkkahraman, Doga; Alper, Ozgul M; Pehlivanoglu, Suray; Aydin, Funda; Yildiz, Akin; Luleci, Guven; Akcurin, Sema; Bircan, Iffet

    2010-02-01

    The objective was to determine molecular genetic analysis of the TPO gene in Turkish children with iodide organification defect (IOD). Patients with a diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism were evaluated. Subjects having a definite diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis, thyroid gland dysplasia and, or iodine deficiency were excluded. A total of 10 patients from nine unrelated Turkish families, with an unknown etiology of hypothyroidism, and with a presumptive diagnosis of IOD were included in the study. A perchlorate discharge test (PDT) was performed to all subjects, and sequence analysis of TPO gene was applied in patients with a positive PDT. Five out of 10 patients have a total IOD, while the five remaining patients have a partial IOD according to PDT results. In two sisters, one has a partial and the other one has a total IOD a novel homozygous nonsense p.Q315X mutation was found in exon 8. Additionally, a previously known homozygous missense p.R314W mutation was detected in the same exon in another patient with a total IOD. No TPO gene mutation was detected in any of the seven remaining patients. Two different TPO gene mutations were found to be responsible for IOD in two unrelated Turkish families from the same ethnic background. More subjects should be screened for detecting the prevalence and spectrum profile of TPO mutations in our population that might be helpful for understanding the pathophysiology of congenital hypothyroidism. PMID:20963560

  16. The Status of the Female Academicians in Turkish Universities During the Process of EU Admission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozel, Ali

    The aim of this study is to reveal the status of the female academicians in Turkish universities during the process of EU admission. In this process, the geographical position and the importance of Turkey`s strategic position for various countries in the world and, especially for EU, the status of female academicians in several developed countries and the historical development of the female academicians in Turkish universities have been analysed. In addition, the distribution of the female academicians in basic fields in Turkey and in several other developed countries has been compared. The study showed that the number of the female academicians and professors in Turkey has been increasing rapidly and that they have achieved not only considerable progress in every echelon, but also a high rate of representation in certain scientific fields. Among the other important finding of the study is that Turkish women possess more career opportunities in higher education institutions in Turkey than in other developed countries although they reflect a lower level of higher education achievements and suffer economical difficulties at times due to sexual discrimination in public-however relative it may seem.

  17. Comparison of attitudes towards breakfast by Turkish fourth graders living in Turkey and Germany.

    PubMed

    Unusan, Nurhan; Sanlier, Nevin; Danisik, Hasan

    2006-05-01

    The purpose of this article is to identify and compare Turkish fourth graders attitudes towards breakfast living in Turkey and Germany. A sample group of 882 Turkish students enrolled in fourth grade in Hamburg (Germany, N=422) and Konya (Turkey, N=460) were surveyed. Independent t-tests, chi(2) test and Pearson product-moment correlations were used. More students living in Turkey had breakfast and had enough time before going to school (P<0.01). Students living in Turkey reported that eating breakfast affected them positively (P<0.01). Students living in Germany reported that eating breakfast made them feel tired (P<0.01). The consumption of breakfast cereal (P<0.05) and fruit juice (P<0.01) that had not been consumed widely in Turkey increased in Germany. Students who eat breakfast also eat lunch (r=0.296 and -0.236, P<0.01, students living in Turkey and Turkish students living in Germany, respectively). Nutrition education programs in primary schools may change Student's attitudes about breakfast and offering a breakfast programme in schools may greatly improve breakfast consumption rates. PMID:16545494

  18. CTLA-4 (+49A/G) Polymorphism and Type-1 Diabetes in Turkish Children

    PubMed Central

    Çelmeli, Fatih; Türkkahraman, Do?a; Özel, Deniz; Akçurin, Sema; Ye?in, Olcay

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the contribution of cytotoxic T-Iymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4)+49A/G polymorphism to the susceptibility to type-1 diabetes (T1D) in Turkish children. Methods: A case-control study was designed to include 91 Turkish children with T1D and 99 healthy controls. CTLA-4 (+99A/G) gene polymorphism typing was done by PCR amplification followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results: The genotype and allele frequencies of the CTLA-4 (+99A/G) polymorphism in patients with T1D were not different from those in the controls (p>0.05). The allele frequency of G was 36.2% in patients with T1D, and 31.8% in controls (p>0.05). Additionally, this polymorphism was not associated with the clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients with T1D (p>0.05). Conclusions: Our case-control study suggests that the CTLA-4 (+99A/G) gene polymorphism is not associated with T1D in the Turkish population. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:23367498

  19. Enhanced musical rhythmic perception in Turkish early and late learners of German

    PubMed Central

    Roncaglia-Denissen, M. Paula; Schmidt-Kassow, Maren; Heine, Angela; Vuust, Peter; Kotz, Sonja A.

    2013-01-01

    As language rhythm relies partly on general acoustic properties, such as intensity and duration, mastering two languages with distinct rhythmic properties (i.e., stress position) may enhance musical rhythm perception. We investigated whether competence in a second language (L2) with different rhythmic properties than a L1 affects musical rhythm aptitude. Turkish early (TELG) and late learners (TLLG) of German were compared to German late L2 learners of English (GLE) regarding their musical rhythmic aptitude. While Turkish and German present distinct linguistic rhythm and metric properties, German and English are rather similar in this regard. To account for inter-individual differences, we measured participants' short-term and working memory (WM) capacity, melodic aptitude, and time they spent listening to music. Both groups of Turkish L2 learners of German perceived rhythmic variations significantly better than German L2 learners of English. No differences were found between early and late learners' performance. Our findings suggest that mastering two languages with different rhythmic properties enhances musical rhythm perception, providing further evidence of shared cognitive resources between language and music. PMID:24065946

  20. The oceanic response of the Turkish Straits System to an extreme drop in atmospheric pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Book, Jeffrey W.; Jarosz, Ewa; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Be?iktepe, Åükrü

    2014-06-01

    Moorings across all four entry/exit sections of the Dardanelles Strait and the Bosphorus Strait simultaneously measured the response of the Turkish Straits System to the passage of a severe cyclonic storm that included an atmospheric pressure drop of more than 30 mbar in less than 48 h. The bottom pressure response at the Aegean Sea side of the Dardanelles Strait was consistent with an inverted barometer response, but the response at the other sections did not follow an inverted barometer, leading to a large bottom pressure gradient through the Turkish Straits System. Upper-layer flow toward the Aegean Sea was reversed by the storm and flow toward the Black Sea was greatly enhanced. Bottom pressure across the Sea of Marmara peaked 6 h after the passage of the storm's minimum pressure. The response on the Dardanelles side was a combination of sea elevation and pycnocline depth rise, and the response on the Bosphorus side was an even greater sea elevation rise and a drop in pycnocline depth. The peak in bottom pressure in the Sea of Marmara was followed by another reverse in the flow through the Dardanelles Strait as flow was then directed away from the Sea of Marmara in both straits. A simple conceptual model without wind is able to explain fluctuations in bottom pressure in the Sea of Marmara to a 0.89-0.96 level of correlation. This stresses the importance of atmospheric pressure dynamics in driving the mass flux of the Turkish Strait System for extreme storms.

  1. An Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of the Adapted Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) among Turkish Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baloglu, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    This study adapted the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) into Turkish and investigated the validity and reliability of the adapted instrument. Twenty-five bilingual experts agreed on the language validity, and 49 Turkish language experts agreed on the conformity and understandability of the scale's items. Thirty-two subject…

  2. An Analytical Research on the Permanence of Knowledge and the Factors Affecting Success in the Cyprus Geography Classes in Middle Schools of Cyprus Turkish Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akengin, Hamza

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this research is to examine the permanence of knowledge in the Cyprus Geography classes in middle schools of Cyprus' Turkish Society in quality and quantity and to analyse the factors, which are influential in the permanence of this knowledge. In order to be able to understand the problems that the residents of Cyprus' Turkish Society…

  3. Civilization and the question of Turkish EU-membership Reflections on the significances of the concept of civilization in Turkey and EU

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniella Kuzmanovic; Carsten Niebuhr

    Despite many hardships there have been happy occasions to report for the Turkish press this summer. One was the marriage of Turkish primeminister Recep Tayyïp Erdogan's daughter. Several thousand guests, including prominent leaders from both Muslim and Christian countries, attended the wedding in Istanbul in mid-July. The variety of guests inspired the father of the bride to compare the wedding

  4. Adaptation of the Boundary Violations Scale Developed Based on Structural Family Therapy to the Turkish Context: A Study of Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avci, Rasit; Çolakkadioglu, Oguzhan; Öz, Aysegül Sükran; Akbas, Turan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt "The Boundary Violations Scale" (Madden et al., 2002), which was created to measure the intergenerational boundary violations in families from the perspective of children, to Turkish and to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of this instrument. This instrument was developed…

  5. THE TURKISH ADAPTATION STUDY OF MOTIVATED STRATEGIES FOR LEARNING QUESTIONNAIRE (MSLQ) FOR 12-18 YEAR OLD CHILDREN: RESULTS OF CONFIRMATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özcan Erkan AKGÜN; Ebru Kiliç ÇAKMAK; Funda DEMIREL

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which deveoped by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science, mathematics and social science courses.

  6. Factor Structure of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire in Turkish Children and Gender, Grade-Level, and Socioeconomic Status Differences in Reactive and Proactive Aggression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uz Bas, Asli; Yurdabakan, Irfan

    2012-01-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the factor structure of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) with Turkish children, and to investigate gender, grade-level, and socioeconomic status (SES) differences in reactive and proactive aggression. Participants consisted of 1,081 Turkish children (544 boys and 537 girls) aged 9 to 14…

  7. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

  8. Reducing unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics for acute cough: Adaptation of a leaflet aimed at Turkish immigrants in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Sahlan, Selime; Wollny, Anja; Brockmann, Silke; Fuchs, Angela; Altiner, Attila

    2008-01-01

    Background The reduction in the number of unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics has become one of the most important objectives for primary health care. German GPs report that they are under "pressure to prescribe" antibiotics particularly in consultations with Turkish immigrants. And so a qualitative approach was used to learn more about the socio-medical context of Turkish patients in regard to acute coughs. A German leaflet designed to improve the doctor-patient communication has been positively tested and then adapted for Turkish patients. Methods The original leaflet was first translated into Turkish. Then 57 patients belonging to 8 different GPs were interviewed about the leaflet using a semi-standardised script. The material was audio recorded, fully transcribed, and analysed by three independent researchers. As a first step a comprehensive content analysis was performed. Secondly, elements crucial to any Turkish version of the leaflet were identified. Results The interviews showed that the leaflets' messages were clearly understood by all patients irrespective of age, gender, and educational background. We identified no major problems in the perception of the translated leaflet but identified several minor points which could be improved. We found that patients were starting to reconsider their attitudes after reading the leaflet. Conclusion The leaflet successfully imparted relevant and new information to the target patients. A qualitative approach is a feasible way to prove general acceptance and provides additional information for its adaptation to medico-cultural factors. PMID:18847464

  9. Guided self-help on the internet for turkish migrants with depression: the design of a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The Turkish population living in the Netherlands has a high prevalence of psychological complaints and has a high threshold for seeking professional help for these problems. Seeking help through the Internet can overcome these barriers. This project aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a guided self-help problem-solving intervention for depressed Turkish migrants that is culturally adapted and web-based. Methods This study is a randomized controlled trial with two arms: an experimental condition group and a wait list control group. The experimental condition obtains direct access to the guided web-based self-help intervention, which is based on Problem Solving Treatment (PST) and takes 6 weeks to complete. Turkish adults with mild to moderate depressive symptoms will be recruited from the general population and the participants can choose between a Turkish and a Dutch version. The primary outcome measure is the reduction of depressive symptoms, the secondary outcome measures are somatic symptoms, anxiety, acculturation, quality of life and satisfaction. Participants are assessed at baseline, post-test (6 weeks), and 4 months after baseline. Analysis will be conducted on the intention-to-treat sample. Discussion This study evaluates the effectiveness of a guided problem-solving intervention for Turkish adults living in the Netherlands that is culturally adapted and web-based. Trial Registration Nederlands Trial Register: NTR2303 PMID:21047442

  10. Surgical Measurement of the Sphenoid Sinus on Sagittal Reformatted CT in the Turkish Population

    PubMed Central

    Kaplanoglu, Hatice; Kaplanoglu, Veysel; Toprak, Ugur; Hekimoglu, Baki

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The objectives of this study were to determine sinus measurements specific for the Turkish population using CT sagittal thin-slice reconstruction images and to clarify the three-dimensional anatomical features of the sphenoid sinus, along with its surrounding structures, that are relevant to performing an endoscopic sphenoidotomy. Materials and Methods: Images of 300 patients (165 female, 135 male) were studied. The research was conducted on the axial plane with a 1 mm slice thickness and a 0.6 mm slice interval, and sagittal reconstruction was performed with a 0.4 mm slice interval. Measurements of the sinus were obtained, and the presence of Onodi cells was researched. Results: Line 1 was found to be significantly shorter in the Turkish patients of this study compared to studies of other populations. Lines 4 and 6 were found to be longer on the left side (Line 4 right: 18.8±3.6 mm, left: 19.3±3.4 mm, p=0.027; Line 6 right: 24.1±6.8 mm, left: 24.3±6.8 mm, p=0.008). Lines 2, 3, 4 and 6 were longer in men than in women (p<0.05). Conclusion: In the Turkish population, Line 1 is shorter, so the risk of skull base perforation is greater. Lines 4 and 6 are longer on the left side; thus, choosing the left ostium in sinus dilation is safer. Because of sex differences regarding Lines 2, 3, 4 and 6, sex should be considered in sphenoid sinus procedures. PMID:25610242

  11. The reliability of Cameriere's method in Turkish children: A preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Gulsahi, A; Tirali, R Ebru; Cehreli, S Burcak; De Luca, S; Ferrante, L; Cameriere, R

    2015-04-01

    Dental age estimation in children is an important issue both legally and medically. Currently, however, there is a lack of contemporary dental age estimation standards for a Turkish population. This study assessed the accuracy of Cameriere's method by examining the panoramic radiographs of 573 healthy Turkish children between the ages of 8 and 15 years. Radiographs of the left permanent developing mandibular teeth, except wisdom teeth, were evaluated. All subjects were divided into 7 groups according to their chronological age. The Intra-class Correlation Coefficient was used to determine the intra- and inter-observer agreement error. A comparison of the distributions of estimation errors among age groups was performed using the Nemenyi test. There were no significant differences between inter-observer (p=0.352), and intra-observer readings after 2 weeks (p=0.275 and p=0.273, respectively). The dental age was underestimated when using Cameriere's method with a mean difference of -0.35 years (-0.24 years for girls and -0.47 years for boys). The median values of the differences between dental and chronological age were -0.44 years in boys (range: -3.70, 4.06) and -0.21 years in girls (range: -2.74, 3.29). In addition, the differences between dental and chronological ages in the different age groups decreased with increasing chronological age. Results from the Nemenyi test implied that Cameriere's method is more accurate for girls than for boys in this cohort of a Turkish population. PMID:25704458

  12. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Nuss Questionnaire Modified for Adults

    PubMed Central

    Bahadir, A. Tugba; Kuru, Pinar; Afacan, Ceyda; Ermerak, Nezih Onur; Bostanci, Korkut; Yuksel, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Background Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common chest wall deformity. The Nuss Questionnaire modified for Adults (NQmA) is a disease-specific health-related quality of life assessment tool for patients with pectus deformities. The aim of this study is to adapt the NQmA into Turkish. Methods Two hundred and sixty-five patients with PE were participated, with an age range of 14 to 29 years. All patients underwent a physical examination and had not undergone corrective surgery. The Turkish version of the NQmA was completed by patients and their parents. Results The content validity index based on expert opinions was 91% for the patient questionnaire and 96% for the parent questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha value for the NQmA was found to be 0.805 for the patient questionnaire and 0.800 for the parent questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess construct validity. Two factors explained 51.1% of the total variance in the patient questionnaire (psychosocial: 31.145%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.818; physical: 19.955%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.862). In the parent questionnaire, two factors explained 51.422% of the total variance (psychosocial: 26.097%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.743; physical: 25.325%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.827). Construct validity was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. Conclusion The Turkish version of the NQmA was found to be valid and reliable for the assessment of quality of life in patients with PE.

  13. The Role of Agriculture in Turkish Economy at the Beginning of the European Union Accession Negotiations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanrivermis, Harun; Bulbul, Mehmet

    In this study, Turkish economy and importance of agriculture in the economy on the way of accession negotiations to the European Union (EU) are discussed. Compliance with EU norms based on macroeconomic indicators is evaluated. Turkish economy exhibits the characteristics of a developing economy based on per capita income, economic growth, employment, income distribution, foreign trade volume and economic structure. Long-term economic growth rate of Turkey is quite low and it is negatively affected by economic crises. Income distribution among the households and the regions (both of the geographical and rural-urban regions) is imbalanced. Income per capita is about ¼ of an average developed country and the economy is still characterized by a high degree of dualism in the economic sectors, regions as well as social segments. Economy suffers from trade deficit and the level of agricultural import has almost reached to agricultural export`s level in 2004. From the point of view of all socio-economic indicators, the contribution of agricultural production to domestic economy is essential in terms of employment, contributing to national income and export earnings. The enterprise size is relatively small, duality in socio-economic structure is common, population is high, productivity level is low, costs are high and competition power of some sub-sectors is low in Turkish agricultural sector. Small family farms are the main unit of crops and livestock production and household members provide most of the labor requirements of the farms. Turkey launched a radical change in agricultural policy instead of unsustainable and costly system of support policies including input subsidies and support prices and issued a policy paper for 2006-2010 in line with the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU. Reevaluation of the agricultural policies is needed in order to minimize the regional development differences and to control the migration from rural areas to cities.

  14. [Turkish patient with syncope and accompanying vegetative symptoms with bradycardia after eating pontin honey].

    PubMed

    Engel, P; Blank, R; Nalenz, C

    2014-09-01

    A 52-year-old man with Turkish background presented with nausea, emesis, one experience of syncope with loss of consciousness for a few seconds, and documented sinus bradycardia. During monitoring, several phases of bradycardia were observed. After 24 h of monitoring, the patient was free of complaints. The patient's wife reported regular consumption of pontin honey. Because of the anamnesis and the typical characteristics, grayanotoxin poisoning was diagnosed. Typical symptoms of this poisoning are hypotension, bradycardia, syncope, and loss of consciousness. When these symptoms are found and a typical anamnesis exists, this kind of intoxication has to been taken into consideration as part of the differential diagnosis. PMID:25098436

  15. Population genetics of 17 Y-STR markers in Turkish Cypriots from Cyprus.

    PubMed

    Teral?, K; Zorlu, T; Bulbul, O; Gurkan, C

    2014-05-01

    We analyzed seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) [DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS448] in 253 unrelated, male individuals from the Turkish Cypriot population of the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. While 206 out of the 253 haplotypes present in the dataset were unique, there are also 22 haplotypes that were observed in two individuals each, and 1 haplotype that was observed in three individuals. While no locus duplications or null alleles were observed in our dataset, we have detected 43 allelic variants in total, the majority of which (25 out of 253 haplotypes or 9.88%) comprised of .2 intermediate variants at the DYS458 locus (alleles 16.2, 17.2, 18.2, 19.2, and 20.2). For the 229 different haplotypes observed in the Turkish Cypriot dataset, the calculated discrimination capacity (DC) was 0.9051 and the haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9992. The calculated average gene diversity (GD) values ranged from 0.3828 to 0.9631 for the DYS392 and DYS385a/b loci, respectively. Pairwise genetic distance comparisons of the Turkish Cypriot Y-STR dataset with those from the neighbouring (Turkey, Greece, Israel/Palestinian Authority area, Egypt and Italy) and relatively distant (Lithuania, Taiwan and Australia) countries through the use of analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) analyses confirmed that our data do not deviate significantly from the typical core haplotypes of the Eastern Mediterranean region. The Turkish Cypriot Y-STR haplotype dataset will find an immediate use in the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Project on the "Exhumation, Identification and Return of Remains of Missing Persons" and it is also expected to contribute to the establishment of forensic genetic services in North Cyprus. PMID:24507085

  16. [The influence of Mustafa Zeki Pasha on the progress of the Turkish veterinary medicine].

    PubMed

    Unat, E K

    1998-01-01

    Good results of the administration of Mustafa Zeki Pasha, as the General Minister of Military Schools and Field Marshal of the Imperial Arsenal of Ordanance and Artillery, on the progress of Turkish veterinary medicine is unforgettable. Above all, he accepted that veterinary art was very important for the country and tried to make it a respectable and attractive profession. He improved the education in the veterinary classes. He secured the rank of captain for the new graduates instead of lieutenancy. He sent the most capable students to France for veterinary medical education for the purpose of training new instructors. Veterinary bacteriology started in Turkey under the auspices of his administration. PMID:11624188

  17. Effect of some Turkish vegetable oil-diesel fuel blends on exhaust emissions

    SciTech Connect

    Ergeneman, M.; Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F.; Arslan, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey)

    1997-10-01

    For different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade No. 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). The effect of the compression ratio on exhaust emissions is investigated in an American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-cooperative fuel research (CFR) engine working with the mentioned fuel blends and a baseline diesel fuel. A decrease in soot, CO, CO{sub 2}, and HC emissions and an increase in NO{sub x} emissions have been observed for fuel blends compared to diesel fuel.

  18. Alternative diesel fuel study on four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin

    SciTech Connect

    Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F. [Istanbul Technical Univ., Istanbul (Turkey)

    1997-02-01

    Four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). Blends were investigated in a diesel engine with a precombustion chamber at speeds between 1,200 and 2,100 rpm. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel, and fuel blends were characterized according to standard test methods. It was found that for short-term use, the fuel blends have engine characteristics similar to the baseline diesel fuel. Fuel blends also display less smoke emissions than diesel fuel.

  19. College Science Teaching Changing to Mirror Real Science in Turkish Higher Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Alev Dogan

    2007-07-01

    College science is often poorly taught and it is rare that any consideration is given to the nine visions for reform of science teaching featured in the National Science Education Standards (NSES) (NRC 1996, p. 52). It is even more rare to see interdisciplinary science courses taught in colleges. At many universities, this is changing where there are Science-Technology-Society (STS) enthusiasts. For example, Clemson University (Cheek 2006) is struggling with developing such courses as part of their general education requirements for all undergraduates and similar changes are occurring in Turkish higher education.

  20. Exploring the sociotropy-autonomy dimensions in a sample of Turkish psychiatric inpatients.

    PubMed

    Sahin, N; Ulusoy, M; Sahin, N

    1993-11-01

    The present study explored the constructs of sociotropy and autonomy with a group of Turkish depressed inpatients, who were administered the Beck Depression Inventory, the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. A comparison group of students from three SES levels also were included in the study. Comparisons were made on the scale scores among the non-dysphoric students, the dysphoric students, and the depressed patients. The results seem to support the relationship of sociotropy with other depression measures in both samples. However, several problems were encountered with the construct autonomy as it is conceptualized in the Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. PMID:8300863

  1. Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.

    PubMed

    Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

    2013-04-01

    This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

  2. Successful treatment of nephrotic syndrome due to FMF amyloidosis with azathioprine: report of three Turkish cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hayriye Sayarlioglu; Reha Erkoc; Mehmet Sayarlioglu; Ekrem Dogan; Yasemin Soyoral

    2006-01-01

    Secondary amyloidosis is a well-known complication of certain familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). We presented three Turkish\\u000a patients with FMF and biopsy proven amyloidosis. These patients were treated with colchicine 1.5 mg\\/day. They have experienced\\u000a five to six peritonitis attacks with fever within 1 year. On admission, the laboratory test results were as follows: serum\\u000a creatinine 2.3, 0.6, and 0.5 mg\\/dl; albumin 4.2, 1.9,

  3. Are We There Yet? A Progress Report from Three Turkish University Pioneers in Distance Education and E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latchem, Colin; Simsek, Nurettin; Balta, Ozlem Cakir; Torkul, Orhan; Cedimoglu, I. Hakki; Altunkopru, Alpaslan

    2009-01-01

    The international literature provides little in-depth analysis of distance education and e-learning activities, achievements, and challenges in Turkish higher education other than the country's mega-university, Anadolu. This paper examines the development of, and lessons to be learned from, such undertakings by three pioneers--two regular state…

  4. The Relation General Anxiety Levels, Anxiety of Writing, and Attitude for Turkish Course of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yaman, Havva

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed whether secondary-school students' continuous and stationary anxieties predict their anxiety about writing and their attitudes about courses in Turkish. The research participants consisted of 281 students in Sakarya Province, 58% male and 42% female. The personal descriptive survey model was used for the research. As data…

  5. Attitudes of School Administrators and Teachers towards the "Smoke-Free Air Zone" Policy in Turkish Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banoglu, Köksal

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Schools are likely to be better able to achieve compliance with smoke-free regulations if principals and teachers perceive the importance of a smoke-free policy. The purpose of this study was to measure teacher and administrator attitudes towards the smoke-free policy in Turkish schools, which promotes a total smoking ban. Method: The…

  6. Effect of Dietary Turkish Propolis as Alternative to Antibiotic on Performance and Digestibility in Broilers Exposed to Heat Stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pinar Tatli Seven; ?smail Seven

    2008-01-01

    Seven, P.T. and Seven, ? 2008. Effect of dietary Turkish propolis as alternative to antibiotic on performance and digestibility in broilers exposed to heat. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 34: 193–196.To compare the effect of propolis with that of antibiotics on the performance of heat stressed broilers, 240 one day old Ross 308 chicks were divided into 4 groups. Group 1

  7. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  8. The effects of electrical stunning and percussive captive bolt stunning on meat quality of cattle processed by Turkish slaughter procedures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Önenç; A. Kaya

    2004-01-01

    The effects of electrical and percussive captive bolt stunning both on initial and up to 14 days post mortem meat quality of Friesian young bulls were studied. The first group (NS; n=10) were slaughtered without stunning under Turkish slaughter procedure (these animals were slaughtered under conditions acceptable to the appropriate ethics committee) in a modern abattoir. In the second group

  9. THE DISASSOCIATION OF THE CYPRUS ISSUE FROM THE GREEK-TURKISH RELATIONSHIP: A NEW ERA FOR GREEK FOREIGN POLICY?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DIMITRIS KAVAKAS

    UN Plan for the unification of the island attracted the attention of world diplomacy. Both Greece and Turkey were involved in the process of coming to an agreement for Cyprus. For many years the Cypriot problem has been a thorn in the bilateral Greek-Turkish relations. Recently, the rapprochement process between the two neighbouring countries advanced and enhanced. The referendum in

  10. Prospective Physics Teachers' Views on Their Knowledge about the New Concepts in Turkish High School Physics Curricula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapucu, Serkan; Yildirim, Ufuk

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to a) investigate prospective physics teachers' views on their knowledge about new physics concepts introduced in Turkish High School Physics Curricula; b) investigate the sources of their acquired knowledge about these new physics concepts; and c) explore if there were differences in views on knowledge about…

  11. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  12. Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

  13. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  14. 137 Cs in Biota and Sediment Samples from Turkish Coast of the Black Sea, 1997–1998

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Topcuoglu; D. Kut; N. Esen; N. Gungor; C Kirbasoglu

    2001-01-01

    During the periods of 1997–1998, macroalgae, sea snail, mussel, fish and sediment samples were collected from different stations at Turkish Black Sea coast in order to determine activity levels of 137Cs radionuclide. 137Cs activity in the tested algae species and in soft parts of mussel and sea snail, were found to be below the lower limit of detection. On the

  15. The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozyurt, Ozcan

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

  16. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  17. The Cultural Orientations of Entrepreneurs and Employees' Job Satisfaction: The Turkish Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yetim, Nalan; Yetim, Unsal

    2006-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether cultural orientations which were pervasive and salient in the society of SMEs' entrepreneurs predict employees' job satisfaction. Paternalism, collectivism, individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance were assessed as pervasive and salient attributes for Turkish society. Data were…

  18. Adaptation of the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills to Turkish Children Aged 61 to 72 Months

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uyanik, Ozgun; Kandir, Adalet

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research is s to adapt and apply t the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills (K-SEALS) to Turkish children in the city of Ankara. In the study, a descriptive screening model was used. The population of the study consisted of children who showed normal developmental characteristics and who were enrolled at public…

  19. Acculturation and use of health care services by Turkish and Moroccan migrants: a cross-sectional population-based study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thijs Fassaert; Arlette E Hesselink; Arnoud P Verhoeff

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is insufficient empirical evidence which shows if and how there is an interrelation between acculturation and health care utilisation. The present study seeks to establish this evidence within first generation Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest migrant groups in present-day Western Europe. METHODS: Data were derived from the Amsterdam Health Monitor 2004, and were complete for

  20. The Place and Meaning of the Field of PE in Turkish Young People's Lives: A Study Using Bourdieu's Conceptual Tools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koca, Canan; Atencio, Matthew; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2009-01-01

    This paper draws on Bourdieu's notions of habitus, social field, and capital to provide a more complex examination of the place and meaning of physical education in Turkish young people's lives. Two secondary schools comprised of students from quite distinctive social, cultural, and geographical locations were involved in the study. Collected data…

  1. The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers and Teacher Candidates towards the Use of Mass Media in Teaching Turkish Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Ruhan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to explore the perceptions of primary school teachers and teacher candidates of the use of mass media in teaching Turkish in primary education. The data for this descriptive study is collected via semi-structured interviews--one of the qualitative data analysis methods and the collected data is analyzed by employing…

  2. Children of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: The Impact of Differences in Vocational and Academic Tracking Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crul, Maurice; Schneider, Jens

    2009-01-01

    Background/Context: Much research is being done on Turkish immigrants and their children in Germany and the Netherlands, but almost always from a national perspective. To compare the situation, for example, regarding educational outcomes across the two countries has proved to be very difficult because of different sets, selection criteria, and…

  3. An exploratory analysis of the influence of human resource management activities and organizational climate on job satisfaction in Turkish banks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nihat Kaya; Erdogan Koc; Demet Topcu

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to explore the influence of human resource management (HRM) activities and organizational climate on job satisfaction in Turkish banks. The study first examines the relative influence of eight HRM activities of: (i) behavior and attitudes (in recruitment and selection); (ii) teamwork; (iii) extensive training; (iv) written policies; (v) training in multiple functions; (vi) incentives; (vii) performance appraisal;

  4. Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Gencoz, Tulin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to extensively examine the psychometric properties of adapted version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in different Turkish samples. In order to test the psychometric properties of the SWLS three separate and independent samples are utilized in this study, namely university students (n = 547), correctional officers (n =…

  5. Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: A Perspective of Pre-Service Teachers from a Turkish Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yüce, Kemal; Sahin, Esin Y.; Koçer, Ömer; Kana, Fatih

    2013-01-01

    As teaching is a nation-building profession, the career motivations of pre-service teachers are worth exploring. This study examines the career motivations of 283 Turkish pre-service teachers who have chosen teaching as a career. Accordingly, they were asked questions about deciding to teach, career perceptions, and major expectations. A profile…

  6. The Relationship between Anxiety and Attitude of Students Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language and Their Achievement on Target Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gocer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the anxiety connected with target language of the high school students learning Turkish as a foreign language. In this study, descriptive relational screening model was used. Two scales were used for collecting data. First scale was FLCAS-Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale; it was developed by Horwitz…

  7. Rootstock Potential of Turkish Lagenaria siceraria Germplasm for Watermelon: Plant Growth, Graft Compatibility, and Resistance to Fusarium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Halit YET; Nebahat SARI; Fatih M. TOK

    The rootstock potential of Turkish Lagenaria siceraria germplasm for watermelon was evaluated. Among 210 accessions, 72 genotypes were selected based on morphological characteristics. Two commercial hybrid rootstocks were also used for comparison. Crimson Tide watermelon cultivar was used as a scion. Emergence rate, hypocotyl morphology, survival rate, and resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum (FON) were investigated. Grafted plants

  8. PEN\\/PAPER AND ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR DEVELOPING REFLECTIVE THINKING OF TURKISH EFL STUDENT TEACHERS?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ZEYNEP KOCOGLU; AYSE AKYEL; GULCAN ERCETIN

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the role of portfolio development on the improvement of the reflective thinking ability of five Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) student teachers from a University in Turkey. In this case study, participants' reflective papers written for their pen\\/paper and electronic portfolios and their interviews were analysed. The results showed that the process of preparing a

  9. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  10. A Comparison of Problem Behavior Profiles in Turkish Children with AD/HD and Non-AD/HD Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: There is an increasing number of studies describing the symptoms of ADHD among school-age children in western cultures. Yet, studies on children with ADHD living in non-western cultures are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare problem behavior profiles of Turkish children with AD/HD and non-AD/HD children. Method:…

  11. A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demir, Tazegul

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

  12. Effects of the Professional Development Program on Turkish Teachers: Technology Integration along with Attitude towards ICT in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uslu, Oner; Bumen, Nilay T.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of the professional development (PD) program on technology integration (TI) besides attitudes towards ICT in education of Turkish teachers. This study demonstrates the outcomes of one group pre-test and post-test design based on data, collected before, just after and six weeks after the PD…

  13. An International Comparison Using a Diagnostic Testing Model: Turkish Students' Profile of Mathematical Skills on TIMSS-R

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dogan, Enis; Tatsuoka, Kikumi

    2008-01-01

    This study illustrates how a diagnostic testing model can be used to make detailed comparisons between student populations participating in international assessments. The performance of Turkish students on the TIMSS-R mathematics test was reanalyzed with a diagnostic testing model called the Rule Space Model. First, mathematical and cognitive…

  14. An investigation of retronasal testing of olfactory function in a Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Salihoglu, Murat; Altundag, Aytug; Cayonu, Melih; Tekeli, Hakan

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was: (1) to perform a preliminary study for the validation of “retronasal olfactory testing” in the Turkish population to find the best way to evaluate smell and taste disorders in Turkey; (2) to determine if cultural differences make application of the test more difficult; and (3) to determine the flavors that participants had not yet tasted by using the survey method. Material/Methods The study included 330 volunteers. Orthonasal olfactory function was assessed psycho-physically using the “Sniffin’ Sticks” olfactory test. Retronasal olfaction was assessed using a collection of 20 available food powders applied to the oral cavity. Also, all participants filled in a questionnaire of 50 items about the flavors they had not tasted before. Results The mean age of the participants was 26±7.3 years. Participants were divided into 3 groups according to the “Sniffin’ Sticks” test results: anosmia, hyposmia, and normosmia groups. Differences in retronasal olfaction scores were significant among the 3 groups. Conclusions The retronasal olfactory test appeared to perform well, but modifications of odorized powders or granules and distracters used in the retronasal olfactory test, taking into account Turkish cultural differences, is likely to improve its performance. PMID:24704823

  15. Perceptions of Turkish dentists of their professional identity in a market-orientated system.

    PubMed

    Ocek, Zeliha Asli; Vatansever, Kevser

    2014-01-01

    This study explores the perceptions of Turkish dentists of their professional identity and of the effects of market orientation in dentistry. This phenomenological study used a qualitative approach using a group of Turkish dentists, who were selected based on the principle of maximum variation. Four focus groups and 31 in-depth interviews were conducted. Forty-nine dentists were interviewed using a semi-structured form. The data analysis yielded three themes: (a) dentistry as a business; (b) dentistry as a profession; and (c) professional status of dentistry in the health care system and in the community. The participants' statements reflected that the dominance of market mechanisms in dentistry inevitably forces dentists to adopt the characteristics of a business person and prevents them from fulfilling the basic requirements of professionalism. All participants explained that with the transformation of the dental care market, dentists have become a cheap labor force and have lost their professional autonomy. Our study has confirmed previous reports pointing out the conflict between dentistry as a profession and dentistry as a commercial operation. The study also showed that in Turkey, as a country experiencing rapid reform processes, dentists' control over their professional practices and identities has decreased. PMID:25618991

  16. A Decision Support Methodology to Enhance the Competitiveness of the Turkish Automotive Industry

    E-print Network

    Füsun Ülengin A; ?ule Önsel B; Emel Aktas C; Özgür Kabak D; Özay Özayd?n B

    Three levels of competitiveness affect the success of business enterprises in a globally competitive environment: the competitiveness of the company, the competitiveness of the industry in which the company operates and the competitiveness of the country where the business is located. This study analyses the competitiveness of the automotive industry in association with the national competitiveness perspective using a methodology based on Bayesian Causal Networks. First, we structure the competitiveness problem of the automotive industry through a synthesis of expert knowledge in the light of the World Economic Forum’s competitiveness indicators. Second, we model the relationships among the variables identified in the problem structuring stage and analyse these relationships using a Bayesian Causal Network. Third, we develop policy suggestions under various scenarios to enhance the national competitive advantages of the automotive industry. We present an analysis of the Turkish automotive industry as a case study. It is possible to generalise the policy suggestions developed for the case of Turkish automotive industry to the automotive industries in other developing countries where country and industry competitiveness levels are similar to those of Turkey.

  17. Insecticidal activity of fatty acid-rich Turkish bryophyte extracts against Sitophilus granarius (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

    PubMed

    Abay, Gokhan; Altun, Muhammed; Karakoç, Ömer Cem; Gül, Fatih; Demirtas, Ibrahim

    2013-12-01

    The composition of fatty acids and insecticidal effects was performed for the Turkish mosses Dicranum scoparium, Hypnum cupressiforme, Polytrichastrum formosum, Homalothecium lutescens and the Turkish liverwort Conocephalum conicum. All structures were determined by means of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques. The determination of fatty acids was done using a simple and mild method that utilized different solvent extractions ranging from nonpolar to polar solvents (hexane, dichloromethane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, respectively), and the samples were powdered with and without liquid nitrogen. The correlations between the saturated and unsaturated fatty acid contents depending on the solvent polarity and their crushing process by liquid nitrogen were observed. The insecticidal activity of the bryophytes was analyzed by using the methanol, hexane and esterified methanol extracts. The hexane extracts of Polytrichastrum formosum showed the highest insecticidal activity (70.33%) against Sitophilus granarius. Contact toxicity activities of lauric, myristic and palmitic acids besides single dose studies of the solvent extracts were carried out. The highest mortality rate (53.34%) was obtained from the myristic acid among the tested pure fatty acids. The activities of palmitic and lauric acids were 17.75% and 4.32%, respectively. PMID:24050694

  18. Exploring the factors contributing to empowerment of Turkish migrant women in the UK.

    PubMed

    Cakir, S Gulfem; Yerin Guneri, Oya

    2011-06-01

    This study examined the role of demographic factors (length of stay, education and language level), perceived discrimination, social support, four acculturation attitudes, and psychological distress in predicting empowerment among Turkish migrant women in the UK. The study sample comprised 248 Turkish migrant women (mean age: 34.38; SD: 7.6) living in London. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess empowerment, social support, acculturation attitude and psychological distress. The study hypothesized that perceived discrimination; acculturation attitudes of separation, assimilation and marginalization; and psychological distress would be negative predictors of empowerment and that social support and an integration acculturation attitude would be positive predictors of empowerment. To some extent, the study findings supported this hypothesis. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated psychological distress to be the most significant predictor of empowerment, with other significant predictors including level of education and social support. More specifically, lower levels of psychological distress and higher levels of education and social support appeared to predict greater empowerment. Based on these findings, it can be concluded that level of education and social support may function as protective factors and that psychological distress may function as a risk factor for empowerment in the migration context. The paper discusses the findings of this study in relation to the previous literature and notes their implications for future research and practice. PMID:22044235

  19. The benefits of being bilingual: working memory in bilingual Turkish-Dutch children.

    PubMed

    Blom, Elma; Küntay, Aylin C; Messer, Marielle; Verhagen, Josje; Leseman, Paul

    2014-12-01

    Whether bilingual children outperform monolingual children on visuospatial and verbal working memory tests was investigated. In addition, relations among bilingual proficiency, language use at home, and working memory were explored. The bilingual Turkish-Dutch children (n=68) in this study were raised in families with lower socioeconomic status (SES) and had smaller Dutch vocabularies than Dutch monolingual controls (n=52). Having these characteristics, they are part of an under-researched bilingual population. It was found that the bilingual Turkish-Dutch children showed cognitive gains in visuospatial and verbal working memory tests when SES and vocabulary were controlled, in particular on tests that require processing and not merely storage. These findings converge with recent studies that have revealed bilingual cognitive advantages beyond inhibition, and they support the hypothesis that experience with dual language management influences the central executive control system that regulates processing across a wide range of task demands. Furthermore, the results show that bilingual cognitive advantages are found in socioeconomically disadvantaged bilingual populations and suggest that benefits to executive control are moderated by bilingual proficiency. PMID:25160938

  20. Meat and masculinity among young Chinese, Turkish and Dutch adults in the Netherlands.

    PubMed

    Schösler, Hanna; de Boer, Joop; Boersema, Jan J; Aiking, Harry

    2015-06-01

    The achievement of sustainability and health objectives in Western countries requires a transition to a less meat-based diet. This article investigates whether the alleged link between meat consumption and particular framings of masculinity, which emphasize that 'real men' eat meat, may stand in the way of achieving these objectives. From a theoretical perspective, it was assumed that the meat-masculinity link is not invariant but dependent on the cultural context, including ethnicity. In order to examine the link in different contexts, we analyzed whether meat-related gender differences varied across ethnic groups, using samples of young second generation Chinese Dutch, Turkish Dutch and native Dutch adults (aged 18-35) in the Netherlands. The Turkish group was the most traditional; it showed the largest gender differences and the strongest meat-masculinity link. In contrast, the native group showed the smallest gender differences and the weakest meat-masculinity link. The findings suggest that the combination of traditional framings of masculinity and the Western type of food environment where meat is abundant and cheap is bound to seriously hamper a transition to a less meat-based diet. In contrast, less traditional framings of masculinity seem to contribute to more healthy food preferences with respect to meat. It was concluded that cultural factors related to gender and ethnic diversity can play harmful and beneficial roles for achieving sustainability and health objectives. PMID:25681291

  1. A model linking sources of stress to approach and avoidance coping styles of Turkish basketball referees.

    PubMed

    Anshel, Mark Howard; Sutarso, Toto; Ekmekci, Ridvan; Saraswati, Intan W

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of this study was to externally validate and test a conceptual transient model involving six paths that linked sources of acute stress to avoidance and approach coping styles among Turkish basketball referees. The sample consisted of 125 Turkish basketball referees ranging in age from 18 to 36 years (mean = 25.58. ? = 3.69). The path analysis tested the relationships simultaneously from stressors, in consecutive order, distractions, subpar performance and verbal abuse, to coping styles, first both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive, and then approach-behaviour. Results indicated that the model achieved a good fit and that all paths tested simultaneously were significant. The distractions stressor was positively related to subpar performance, which, in turn, was positively related to verbal abuse. Verbal abuse was negatively associated with an avoidance-cognitive coping style and positively related to the approach-cognitive coping style. The results also supported a crossover effect of both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive on approach-behaviour. One implication of this study is that coping should be studied in naturally occurring stages, a process-oriented approach. Another implication is that approach and avoidance coping styles, each sub-divided into cognitive and behavioural categories, provide a meaningful framework which provides sports officials a coherent structure for learning and improving ways to cope with acute stress experienced during the contest. PMID:24015999

  2. Investigation of major international and Turkish companies via hierarchical methods and bootstrap approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantar, E.; Deviren, B.; Keskin, M.

    2011-11-01

    We present a study, within the scope of econophysics, of the hierarchical structure of 98 among the largest international companies including 18 among the largest Turkish companies, namely Banks, Automobile, Software-hardware, Telecommunication Services, Energy and the Oil-Gas sectors, viewed as a network of interacting companies. We analyze the daily time series data of the Boerse-Frankfurt and Istanbul Stock Exchange. We examine the topological properties among the companies over the period 2006-2010 by using the concept of hierarchical structure methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and the hierarchical tree (HT)). The period is divided into three subperiods, namely 2006-2007, 2008 which was the year of global economic crisis, and 2009-2010, in order to test various time-windows and observe temporal evolution. We carry out bootstrap analyses to associate the value of statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We also use average linkage clustering analysis (ALCA) in order to better observe the cluster structure. From these studies, we find that the interactions among the Banks/Energy sectors and the other sectors were reduced after the global economic crisis; hence the effects of the Banks and Energy sectors on the correlations of all companies were decreased. Telecommunication Services were also greatly affected by the crisis. We also observed that the Automobile and Banks sectors, including Turkish companies as well as some companies from the USA, Japan and Germany were strongly correlated with each other in all periods.

  3. Adaptation Study of the Turkish Version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-T).

    PubMed

    Arcan, K; Karanci, A N

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to adapt and to test the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-T) that was developed by Raylu and Oei (Addiction 99(6):757-769, 2004a). The significance of erroneous cognitions in the development and the maintenance of gambling problems, the importance of promoting gambling research in different cultures, and the limited information about the gambling individuals in Turkey due to limited gambling research interest inspired the present study. The sample consisted of 354 voluntary male participants who were above age 17 and betting on sports and horse races selected through convenience sampling in betting terminals. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis following the original scale's five factor structure indicated a good fit for the data. The analyses were carried out with 21 items due to relatively inadequate psychometric properties of two GRCS-T items. Correlational analyses and group comparison tests supported the concurrent and the criterion validity of the GRCS-T. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole scale was 0.84 whereas the coefficients ranged between 0.52 and 0.78 for the subscales of GRCS-T. The findings suggesting that GRCS-T is a valid and reliable instrument to identify gambling cognitions in Turkish samples are discussed considering the possible influence of the sample make-up and cultural texture within the limitations of the present study and in the light of the relevant literature. PMID:24146305

  4. Increased gastric cancer risk with PTEN IVS4 polymorphism in a Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Canbay, Emel; Kahraman, Ozlem T; Bugra, Dursun; Caykara, Burcu; Seyhan, M Fatih; Bulut, Turker; Yamaner, Sumer; Ozturk, Oguz

    2013-03-01

    We aimed to investigate the association of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) IVS4 polymorphism with a gastric cancer (GC) risk in the Turkish population. A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in 93 patients with GC, and 113 healthy controls. The PTEN IVS4 (rs no: 3830675) polymorphism was determined by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The PTEN IVS4 (-/-) genotype exhibited a significantly elevated risk for GC compared to controls (p<0.005; odds ratio: 1.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.19-2.14). Analyses on clinicopathological parameters showed that PTEN IVS4 genotypes were not associated with any of the variables of patients with GC (p>0.05). In conclusion, the PTEN IVS4 polymorphism might contribute to the development of GC in a Turkish population. Further studies, including comparison of the PTEN IVS4 polymorphism with plasma and tissue expressions of PTEN in larger study size groups will provide a further assessment of the PTEN IVS4 polymorphism in GC patients. PMID:23402578

  5. Midline facial soft tissue thickness database of Turkish population: MRI study.

    PubMed

    Sipahio?lu, Serdar; Ulubay, Hakan; Diren, H Bar??

    2012-06-10

    Facial reconstruction is the approximation of an antemortem face from human skeletal remains. Since the nineteenth century, several methods have been developed for reconstruction of the face; all of them require the measurement of average tissue thicknesses at various points on the face. To our knowledge, there are no publications on soft tissue thickness in the Turkish population. In addition, there are few publications on the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in measuring soft tissue thickness for forensic sciences. The aim of this study was to create a reference database of facial tissue thickness in the Turkish population, and to present data illustrating the successful use of MRI for this purpose. The study included 161 patients (79 males and 82 females) between the ages of 18 and 78 who had undergone brain MRI in our radiology clinic, and showed no sign of maxillofacial pathology. Measurements were taken at 9 points at the midline; glabella, nasion, end of nasals, mid-philtrum, upper lip margin, lower lip margin, chin-lip fold, mental eminence, and beneath chin points. The mean values for these points in the patient sample population were determined, and differences related to age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. The values were then compared to the findings of the Manhein study. PMID:22154437

  6. Patients' knowledge and awareness of dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation

    PubMed Central

    Özçak?r Tomruk, Ceyda; ?ençift, Kemal

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients' knowledge on dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five hundred twenty seven Turkish adults referred to Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey, were presented with a questionnaire including 20 questions regarding the level of information and awareness about the dental implants. The data were collected and statistical analyses were performed with Chi square test to compare the descriptive data. RESULTS Among 527 subjects, 54% were female and 46% were male with a mean age of 42.2 years. The rate of patients' implant awareness was 27.7%. When the patients were questioned about the treatment options for rehabilitation of tooth missing, 60.9% of patients were informed about fixed partial denture, followed by conventional complete denture (32.5%) and removable partial denture (24.9%). Six percent reported that they were very well informed about the dental implants whereas 48.2% were poorly informed. The information sources of the implants were from the dentist (44.5%), printed media (31.6%) and friends and acquaintances (17.3%), respectively. Sixteen percent of the population believed that their implants would last forever. CONCLUSION The dentists should give more detailed information to the patients about dental implants and tooth-supported fixed partial dentures in the future. PMID:24843399

  7. A study on Turkish adolescent's Internet use: possible predictors of Internet addiction.

    PubMed

    Ak, Serife; Koruklu, Nermin; Y?lmaz, Yusuf

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the internet use of Turkish adolescents, with a (particular) focus on the risk of Internet addiction. A web-based questionnaire was completed by a total of 4,311 adolescents attending public high schools in grades 9-12, in a small-sized city in western Turkey. Ages ranged from 15 to 19 years, 54 percent were female and 46 percent male. The questionnaire included items on sociodemographic information, Internet usage, and a Turkish version of the Young's Internet Addiction Test. The data were analyzed in SPPS 15.0 program using the t test, the Mann-Whitney U test, correlation and hierarchic regression analysis. The findings show that, regardless of gender, Facebook ranked highest in the classification of students' purpose of Internet use; it was also found that females mainly used the Internet for communication, whereas males were more interested in playing online games and reading newspapers and magazines. The results of hierarchic regression analysis indicated that the significant predictors of the internet addiction were the presence of Internet access at home, gender, and family income levels. PMID:23253206

  8. Observations of tidal energy and tidal fluxes through the Turkish Straits System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Book, Jeffrey W.; Jarosz, Ewa; Be?iktepe, Å.?Ükrü; Kemal Cambazo?lu, M.

    2010-05-01

    From September 2008 through February 2009, The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in collaboration with NATO Undersea Research Centre and the Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography, used 8 Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) in 4 pairs to measure currents and pressure at the entrances and exits to the Dardanelles and Bosphorus Straits inside the Turkish Strait System. The variability of currents in the system are dominantly at synoptic and lower frequencies and the mean two layer exchange of Aegean and Black Sea origin water has been the focus of much prior research. However, current fluctuations at tidal frequencies also play a role in the Straits, reaching 20% of the total variance in the mid-water column of the Southern Dardanelles. Measurement of tidal currents and pressures simultaneously allows the calculation of the energy fluxes of the barotropic tides. Preliminary estimates from select stations suggests that net tidal energy passes from the Aegean to the Dardanelles (1.2 MW K1, 0.6 MW M2), from the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara (0.3 MW K1, 0.2 MW M2), from the Sea of Marmara to the Bosphorus (0.005 MW K1, 0.054 MW M2), and from the Black Sea to the Bosphorus (0.006 MW K1, 0.086 MW M2). These results imply that the Turkish Strait System acts to dissipate and/or generate baroclinic tides from the supplied barotropic tidal energy and that this action in the Dardanelles is frequency selective, creating an effective barrier to barotropic diurnal energy transmission. Although little barotropic tidal energy was found to pass from the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara, total tidal energy levels inside the strait itself were similar between the southern and northern sections. However, the distribution of tidal energy was very different between these two sections. For M2 tides in the Dardanelles, modest levels of potential energy at the Aegean entrance appear to be almost entirely transformed into kinetic energy at the Sea of Marmara entrance. Thus, while tidal sea-surface-height fluctuations significantly decrease in the Dardanelles from north to south, tidal currents increase due to both this effect and to a narrowing of the passage. In all measured sections of the Turkish Strait System, estimates of tidal kinetic energy greatly exceeded tidal potential energy. For K1 tides in the Dardanelles, 97% of the kinetic energy was in the form of vertically-uniform currents at the Aegean (southern) entrance but only 64% was in this form at the Sea of Marmara (northern) entrance. Much less (93% to 87%) of the M2 kinetic energy was transformed in this way, suggesting the existence of a frequency selective action of baroclinic tide generation in the Dardanelles. As expected from the energy flux estimates, tidal energy was generally much lower in the Bosphorus than in the Dardanelles, and primarily at semidiurnal frequencies. Also, less of the tidal kinetic energy was carried by vertically-uniform currents in the Bosphorus for both K1 (60% and 73%) and M2 (74% and 64%) tides. Our analysis finds that the Turkish Strait System acts both as a barrier and a transformer of tidal fluctuations.

  9. Functional disability in Alzheimer disease: a validation study of the Turkish version of the disability assessment for dementia scale.

    PubMed

    Tozlu, Mukaddes; Cankurtaran, Mustafa; Yavuz, Burcu Balam; Cankurtaran, Eylem Sahin; Kutluer, Ibrahim; Erkek, Burcu Manisal?; Halil, Meltem; Ulger, Zekeriya; Cosgun, Erdal; Ariogul, Servet

    2014-12-01

    This study aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD) scale in the Turkish elderly population with Alzheimer disease (AD). The DAD scale was administered to the primary caregivers of 157 patients (age 77.7 ± 6.8 years) with AD. The Turkish version of the DAD scale showed high internal consistency (Cronbach ? = .942), excellent test-retest, and interrater reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = 0.996 and ICC = 0.994, respectively). The DAD scale was significantly correlated with activities of daily living (ADL; Modified Older Americans Research Survey ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL; Lawton and Brody IADL) scales (r = .89, P < .001 and r = .90, P < .001). Disability Assessment for Dementia had a high negative correlation with the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS; r = -.880, P < .001). Post hoc comparisons with Tukey test showed significant differences in the mean DAD scores in different GDS stages. Construct validity was estimated using total score correlation analyses between the standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the DAD scale. Results revealed high and significant correlation between MMSE score and DAD scale (r = .812, P < .001). The results of multivariate analysis showed that DAD score was not correlated with gender, education, and age. The DAD total score was affected mostly by GDS, MMSE, and duration of the disease. Turkish version of the DAD scale was found to be a reliable and valid instrument to assess functional disability in Turkish elderly patients with AD. This scale assists caregivers and physicians to decide for proper interventions. PMID:24763071

  10. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism and generalized bone pain in Turkish immigrants in Germany: identification of risk factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Z. Erkal; J. Wilde; Y. Bilgin; A. Akinci; E. Demir; R. H. Bödeker; M. Mann; R. G. Bretzel; H. Stracke; M. F. Holick

    2006-01-01

    Introduction  The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT), generalized bone pain and predictors of vitamin D deficiency in a cohort of 994 healthy adult urban residents (589 males, 405 females; age range: 16–69 years) consisting of 101 Germans, 327 Turkish residents of Turkey and 566 Turkish immigrants living in Germany.Methods  The mean (± standard

  11. Vegetarianism and eating disorders: association between eating attitudes and other psychological factors among Turkish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Ba?, Murat; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gül

    2005-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist in eating attitudes, self-esteem, social trait anxiety and social physique anxiety of self-reported vegetarian and nonvegetarian Turkish adolescents. The sample for the Turkish University' students is designed to provide the estimates of vegetarian indicators and prevalence. The participants were 608 females and 597 males, in total 1205 adolescents aged between 17 and 21 years. Disturbed eating behaviors (EAT-26> or =20) was found in 45.2% (14 of vegetarian) of the total vegetarian sample; which included two of the male vegetarians and 12 of the female vegetarians. The mean BMI was 19.78+/-1.49 kg/m(2) for female vegetarians and 20.78+/-2.46 kg/m(2) for female nonvegetarians (p<0.05). Male vegetarians had significantly higher score than male nonvegetarians on EAT-26 (17.25+/-11.18 for male vegetarians and 9.38+/-6.60 for male nonvegetarians), dieting (6.50+/-7.65 for male vegetarians and 2.55+/-3.87 for male nonvegetarians) and oral control (6.13+/-4.67 for male vegetarians and 3.20+/-3.19 for male nonvegetarians) scores (p<0.05). Besides, female vegetarians had significantly higher score than female nonvegetarians on EAT-26 (22.04+/-13.62 for female vegetarians and 11.38+/-8.28 for female nonvegetarians), dieting (10.35+/-9.58 for female vegetarians and 4.41+/-5.30 for female nonvegetarians), oral control (7.78+/-5.13 for female vegetarians and 3.33+/-3.51 for female nonvegetarians) and STAI (51.39+/-7.28 for female vegetarians and 47.29+/-5.13 for female nonvegetarians) scores (p<0.05). As a conclusion, the present study indicated abnormal eating attitudes, low self-esteem, high social physique anxiety, and high trait anxiety in Turkish vegetarian adolescents. The vegetarian adolescents may be more likely to display disordered eating attitudes and behaviors than nonvegetarians. PMID:15927731

  12. Parenting in an Individualistic Culture with a Collectivistic Cultural Background: The Case of Turkish Immigrant Families with Toddlers in the Netherlands

    PubMed Central

    Yaman, Ay?e; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Linting, Mariëlle

    2010-01-01

    Expanding our knowledge on parenting practices of immigrant families is crucial for designing culturally sensitive parenting intervention programs in countries with high immigration rates. We investigated differences in patterns of parenting between second-generation immigrant and native families with young children. Authoritarian and authoritative control and sensitivity of second-generation Turkish immigrant mothers of 2-year-old children (n = 70) and native Dutch mothers (n = 70) were observed in the home and in the laboratory. Controlling for maternal age and education, Turkish immigrant mothers were less supportive, gave less clear instructions to their children, were more intrusive and were less authoritative in their control strategies than native Dutch mothers. No differences were found in authoritarian control. In both ethnic groups supportive presence, clarity of instruction, authoritative control, and low intrusiveness loaded on one factor. No differences between ethnic groups were found in gender-differentiated parenting. Maternal emotional connectedness to the Turkish culture was associated with less authoritative control, whereas more use of the Turkish language was related to more sensitivity. Even though mean level differences in parenting behaviors still exist between second-generation Turkish immigrant and native Dutch mothers, the patterns of associations between parenting behaviors were comparable for both groups. This suggests that existing parenting interventions for native families may be applicable to second-generation Turkish immigrants as well. PMID:20835387

  13. Genetic analysis of haplotype data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat loci in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    PubMed Central

    Dogan, Serkan; Primorac, Dragan; Marjanovi?, Damir

    2014-01-01

    Aim To explore the distribution and polymorphisms of 23 short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the Y chromosome in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and to investigate its genetic relationships with the homeland Turkish population and neighboring populations. Methods This study included 100 healthy unrelated male individuals from the Turkish population living in Sarajevo. Buccal swab samples were collected as a DNA source. Genomic DNA was extracted using the salting out method and amplification was performed using PowerPlex Y 23 amplification kit. The studied population was compared to other populations using pairwise genetic distances, which were represented with a multi-dimensional scaling plot. Results Haplotype and allele frequencies of the sample population were calculated and the results showed that all 100 samples had unique haplotypes. The most polymorphic locus was DYS458, and the least polymorphic DYS391. The observed haplotype diversity was 1.0000?±?0.0014, with a discrimination capacity of 1.00 and the match probability of 0.01. Rst values showed that our sample population was closely related in both dimensions to the Lebanese and Iraqi populations, while it was more distant from Bosnian, Croatian, and Macedonian populations. Conclusion Turkish population residing in Sarajevo could be observed as a representative Turkish population, since our results were consistent with those previously published for the homeland Turkish population. Also, this study once again proved that geographically close populations were genetically more related to each other. PMID:25358886

  14. From empire to democracy: effects of social progress on Turkish writers.

    PubMed

    Oral, Günseli; Kaufman, James C; Sexton, Janel D

    2004-05-01

    What is the effect of a society's culture on the creative writers living there? Few cultures have had such a event as Ataturk's 1920 revolution that changed Turkey from a monarchy ruled by sultans into a republic. How would such a dramatic shift in a country's history be reflected in the accomplishments and characteristics of its writers? In this study, the authors investigated 948 eminent Turkish writers. Variables of gender, era, type of writing, education level, profession, and winning an award were all analyzed. The type of writing (fiction, poetry, plays, or nonfiction) and the era in which the writing was produced were both predictive of whether an author won a literary award. Before 1920, fiction writers received more awards than poets; after 1920, poets received more awards. In addition, professional writers were more likely to win awards than were professional politicians. Reasons for these findings are discussed with an emphasis on cultural and historical influences. PMID:15264440

  15. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Y?lmaz-Tüzün, Özgül; Sadler, Troy D.

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific issues, three issues were related to gene therapy, another three were related to human cloning, and one was related to global warming. The data were analyzed using an interpretive qualitative research approach. The characteristic of informal reasoning was determined as multidimensional, and the patterns of informal reasoning emerged as rationalistic, emotive, and intuitive reasoning. The factors influencing informal reasoning were: personal experiences, social considerations, moral-ethical considerations, and technological concerns.

  16. Identity practices, ingroup projection, and the evaluation of subgroups: a study among Turkish-Dutch Sunnis.

    PubMed

    Lie, Jessamina Lih Yan; Verkuyten, Maykel

    2012-01-01

    This research focuses on religious subgroup evaluations by examining the attitude of Turkish-Dutch Sunni Muslims towards Alevi and Shiite Muslims. Following the Ingroup Projection Model, it was expected that Sunni participants who practice Islam will project their self-defining subgroup practices on the superordinate Muslim category, which will be related to more ingroup bias towards Alevis, a Muslim subgroup that performs different religious practices. Two studies yielded consistent evidence that practicing Islam increased ingroup bias towards Alevis. Furthermore, in Study 2, we found evidence that the effect of practicing Islam on ingroup bias was mediated by relative ingroup prototypicality (RIP). Moreover, practicing Islam did not affect RIP in relation to Shiites who perform the same religious practices that we examined. These findings support the Ingroup Projection Model. PMID:22822688

  17. Perceived discrimination, social connectedness, and other predictors of adjustment difficulties among Turkish international students.

    PubMed

    Duru, Erdinc; Poyrazli, Senel

    2011-12-01

    This study examined the role of perceived discrimination, social connectedness, age, gender, years of study in the US, English language competency, and social contact patterns on adjustment difficulties among a sample of 229 Turkish international students studying in the United States. Findings indicated that students who reported higher levels of social connectedness, lower levels of perceived discrimination, more years of study in the US, and higher levels of English language competency reported lower levels of adjustment difficulties. Other results showed that (lack of) social connectedness and perceived discrimination were predictors of adjustment difficulties. In addition, results indicated that students who socialized with individuals from the US had lower levels of adjustment difficulties than did those who socialized with coculture members. Implications are discussed and suggestions for interventions are provided. PMID:22046992

  18. Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR loci within Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    PubMed

    Dogan, Serkan; Kovacevi?, Lejla; Marjanovi?, Damir

    2013-12-01

    Allele frequencies of 15 STRs included in the PowerPlex 16 System (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1179, TPOX and FGA) were calculated from the referent sample of 100 unrelated individuals of both sexes from Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Buccal swab, as a source of DNA, was collected from the volunteers from whom the informed consent form was obtained. DNA extraction was performed using QIAamp DNA Micro kit by Qiagen. DNA template ranging from 0.5 to 2 ng was used to amplify 15 STR loci by PCR multiplex amplification which was performed by using the PowerPlex 16 kit (Promega Corp., Madison, WI, USA) according to the manufacturer's protocol. The amplifications were carried out in a PE Gene Amp PCR System thermal cycler (Applied Biosystems) and capillary electrophoresis was carried out in an ABI PRISM 310 Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. The frequency of each locus was calculated from the numbers of each observed genotype. Deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and observed heterozygosity were calculated. Data were analyzed by using Microsoft Excel workbook template--Powerstats V12 and the power of discrimination (PD), power of exclusion (PE), as well as other population genetic indices for the 15 STR loci were calculated. Obtained results contribute to existing Turkish DNA database, as well as insight of differences and similarities in comparison to population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, 13 autosomal STR loci frequencies (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSFIPO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1 179, TPOX, and FGA) were studied in 15 different worldwide populations (Turkish, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Macedonian, Albanian, Kosovan, Greek, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Iraqi, Belarusian). For the proof of corresponding data, two different Turkish population STR data obtained from previously published articles were compared with our data and this showed that our data correspond to these 2 previously published data. Further, STR allele frequency data for 13 loci for each population were obtained from previous scientific articles and the allele frequencies and genetic diversity among the 15 sample populations were compared. In addition, even though the populations are from different nationalities, the STR data are similar among the geographically close populations. The phylogenetic tree established among worldwide populations and genetic distance values show a great affinity among the 15populations. Our data is useful for anthropological and further comparative genetic studies of populations. PMID:24611350

  19. Network centrality measures and systemic risk: An application to the Turkish financial crisis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kuzuba?, Tolga Umut; Ömerciko?lu, Inci; Salto?lu, Burak

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of several network centrality measures in detecting systemically important financial institutions (SIFI) using data from the Turkish Interbank market during the financial crisis in 2000. We employ various network investigation tools such as volume, transactions, links, connectivity and reciprocity to gain a clearer picture of the network topology of the interbank market. We study the main borrower role of Demirbank in the crash of the banking system with network centrality measures which are extensively used in the network theory. This ex-post analysis of the crisis shows that centrality measures perform well in identifying and monitoring systemically important financial institutions which provide useful insights for financial regulations.

  20. Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti-Helicobacter pylori activity.

    PubMed

    Ye?ilada, E; Gürbüz, I; Shibata, H

    1999-09-01

    The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs and flowers of Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis, fruits of Momordica charantia, herbaceous parts of Sambucus ebulus, and flowering herbs of Hypericum perforatum were evaluated in this study. Results showed that all except one extract from six of these plants showed activity against the microorganism with MICs between 1.95 and 250 microg/ml, with S. junceum being the only inactive species. Amongst the active plants the inhibitory properties of C. laurifolius were found prominent. PMID:10473175

  1. Turkish meteor surveillance systems and network: Impact craters and meteorites database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unsalan, O.; Ozel, M. E.; Derman, I. E.; Terzioglu, Z.; Kaygisiz, E.; Temel, T.; Topoyan, D.; Solmaz, A.; Yilmaz Kocahan, O.; Esenoglu, H. H.; Emrahoglu, N.; Yilmaz, A.; Yalcinkaya, B. O.

    2014-07-01

    In our project, we aim toward constructing Turkish Meteor Surveillance Systems and Network in Turkey. For this goal, video observational systems from SonotaCo (Japan) were chosen. Meteors are going to be observed with the specific cameras, their orbits will be calculated by the software from SonotaCo, and the places where they will be falling / impacting will be examined by field trips. The collected meteorites will be investigated by IR-Raman Spectroscopic techniques and SEM-EDX analyses in order to setup a database. On the other hand, according to our Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives, there are huge amounts of reports of falls for the past centuries. In order to treat these data properly, it is obvious that processing systems should be constructed and developed.

  2. TNF-Alpha Gene Polymorphisms in Iranian Azari Turkish Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

    PubMed Central

    Bonyadi, Mortaza; Abdolmohammadi, Reza; Jahanafrooz, Zohreh; Somy, Mohammad-Hosein; Khoshbaten, Manoochehr

    2014-01-01

    Context: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (IBD) whose causes are not fully known. Emerging data indicate that alterations in cytokine synthesis may play a role in IBD pathogenesis. Aims: We aimed to determine the association between tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF?) promoter polymorphisms (at positions ? 308 and ? 1031) and susceptibility to IBD among Iranian Azari Turkish patients. Settings and Design: One hundred and one patients with IBD and 100 healthy subjects were analyzed. Materials and Methods: Both polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNF? gene at positions -1031T/C and -308G/A were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. All statistical analyses were calculated with SPSS for Windows 16.0. The Fisher's exact test was used to test for departure from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium of the genotype frequencies (P > 0.05). Results: The allele frequency of the TNF?-308G and -1031T were higher in IBD patients but did not reach statistical significance. However, the homozygous TT genotype for the SNP-1031 T > C was significantly higher in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.01) and the heterozygous CT genotype for the SNP -1031 T > C was significantly lower in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.03). Conclusions: The TNF?-1031 T allele confers a significant risk for developing UC in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients. Also the frequency of TNF?-1031 C allele was considerably low among patients with UC and it may have protective role among them (OR = 0.43; P = 0.01). PMID:24705148

  3. A Survey about resilience of Turkish People to a Potential Disaster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurbas, P.

    2012-04-01

    As it is known, some of the cities in Turkey have experienced such disasters as earthquake; flood and they are continuing to experience. After all these disasters, it takes a long time for a city to recover itself. In this period, the people living in that city are important factors to use this time more effectively. For this purpose, this paper is prepared using a survey in order to evaluate and comment on the resilient capacity of the society in Turkey. This paper, which is composed of ten questions of survey, covers basic questions that the individuals should apply in the stages of mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery which are among the cycles of a disaster such as if they have disaster plans or policies, if they are capable of applying first aid, also their knowledge about the golden hours term. Some questions are asked in order to obtain opinions of individuals about the options to fix the resilience problem. This survey has been carried out among the people who live in different cities and various occupations and also belongs to different socio-economic groups, in Turkey. This study indicates whether Turkish citizens are resilient to a potential disaster or not. The survey has been implemented to 100 people using the telephone and the internet. According to the survey, Turkish people are not resilient to a potential disaster. Only 20% of the society is aware of the concepts of being resilient, other 80% is lack of training and knowledge to a potential disaster. Reasons to absence of preparedness, and mitigation are listed as being not educated and financial difficulties. Although the disasters that experienced in Turkey, the society have short-time awareness but then, it disappears in process of time rapidly after disaster.

  4. [Failure to return to industry, the primary feature of the sequence of Turkish migration].

    PubMed

    Abadan, N

    1972-01-01

    This article seeks to destroy the myth that the industrial experience of emigrated workers can be helpful in development efforts for the sending countries by supplying a highly qualified labor force. The extent and nature of unemployment in an underdeveloped country such as Turkey form the essential background. Insufficient demand for labor, oppressive living conditions for the unemployed, and the absence of hope for future improvement in employment conditions produce a high desire to work devoid of a specific job or career goals, tendencies which account for the willingness of workers to accept any kind of work as long as pay is adequate. Most Turkish migrant workers have been found to be oriented toward accumulating as much money as possible, not for use as a means of changing their structural situation or improving their employment qualifications, but as an end in itself. The hypothesis that polyannual migrants acquire new knowledge and ability to adapt to the mode of life of an industrial society, internalizing its structures, roles, and values, recieves little confirmation in the literature. A large proportion of Turkish migrants remain attached to preindustrial habits and preferences for work in a milieu that assures personal relationships. Few report in surveys that they learn significantly in their migrant jobs. Migrant workers who are only superficially familiar with industrial culture and who reject the mode of life of industrial society cannot be viewed as a force for change and innovation when they return. Migrant remittances are steadily increasing, but until the present, no structural changes have been made in Turkey to encourage their investment in productive enterprises. Personal or familial reasons, not desire to undertake new enterprises, are most often the cause of migrants' return; once they have done so, they aspire to new occupations in the tertiary sector rather than return to their earlier lines of employment. PMID:12265632

  5. Mitochondrial ATPase Subunit 6 and Cytochrome B Gene Variations in Obese Turkish Children

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Durkad?n; Türkkahraman, Do?a; Samur, An?l Akta?; Lüleci, Güven; Akçurin, Sema; M. Alper, Özgül

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Due to the importance of energy metabolism in mitochondria, mitochondrial genome variations are evaluated in energy-related diseases such as obesity. To date, several nuclear genes were found to be related to obesity. Our aim in this study was to investigate the presence of polymorphisms in mitochondrial ATPase subunit 6 (mt-ATP6) and cytochrome b (mt-CytB) genes that may be associated with childhood obesity. Methods: The mt-ATP6 and mt-CytB genes were amplified and entirely sequenced in a series of 100 obese and in an equal number of healthy Turkish children aged between 6-14 years. Results: A total of 118 synonymous and nonsynonymous variations were detected in the obese and control groups. Only two previously reported synonymous substitutions (mt.8614T>C and mt.8994G>A) in the mt-ATP6 gene were found to be significantly higher in the obese group compared to the control group (p<0.05). In the mt-ATP6 gene, one novel nonsynonymous substitution (mt.8726C>T) and one novel synonymous substitution (mt.9108A>T) were found. In the mt-CytB gene, one nonsynonymous substitution (mt.14880T>C) and two synonymous substitutions (mt.14891C>T and mt.15091C>T) were novel substitutions. Conclusion: Two synonymous substitutions (mt.8614T>C and mt.8994G>A) in the mt-ATP6 gene may be associated with childhood obesity. Our study provides the first data about mitochondrial genome variations in a Turkish obese population and also the first in obese children. More cases should be screened in obese groups in order to understand the effects of mitochondrial polymorphisms in the development of obesity. PMID:25541891

  6. Profiling Turkish honeys to determine authenticity using physical and chemical characteristics.

    PubMed

    Senyuva, Hamide Z; Gilbert, John; Silici, Sibel; Charlton, Adrian; Dal, Cansu; Gürel, Neslihan; Cimen, Dilek

    2009-05-13

    Seventy authentic honey samples of 9 different floral types (rhododendron, chestnut, honeydew, Anzer (thymus spp.), eucalyptus, gossypium, citrus, sunflower, and multifloral) from 15 different geographical regions of Turkey were analyzed for their chemical composition and for indicators of botanical and geographical origin. The profiles of free amino acids, oligosaccharides, and volatile components together with water activity were determined to characterize chemical composition. The microscopic analysis of honey sediment (mellissopalynology) was carried out to identify and count the pollen to provide qualitative indicators to confirm botanical origin. Statistical analysis was undertaken using a bespoke toolbox for Matlab called Metabolab. Discriminant analysis was undertaken using partial least-squares (PLS) regression followed by linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Four data models were constructed and validated. Model 1 used 51 variables to predict the floral origin of the honey samples. This model was also used to identify the top 5 variable important of projection (VIP) scores, selecting those variables that most significantly affected the PLS-LDA calculation. These data related to the phthalic acid, 2-methylheptanoic acid, raffinose, maltose, and sucrose. Data from these compounds were remodeled using PLS-LDA. Model 2 used only the volatiles data, model 3 the sugars data, and model 4 the amino acids data. The combined data set allowed the floral origin of Turkish honey to be accurately predicted and thus provides a useful tool for authentication purposes. However, using variable selection techniques a smaller subset of analytes have been identified that have the capability of classifying Turkish honey according to floral type with a similar level of accuracy. PMID:19326859

  7. Validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the body shape questionnaire among female high school students: preliminary examination.

    PubMed

    Akdemir, Asena; Inandi, Tacettin; Akbas, Duygu; Karaoglan Kahilogullari, Akfer; Eren, Mehmet; Canpolat, Banu Isik

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) among young people. The BSQ was initially administrated to female high school students (N?=?665) and administered a second time to a subset of subjects (N?=?144). The subjects also completed the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire (a dieting questionnaire) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), and were weighed, and their body mass indices were calculated. Test-retest reliability of the BSQ was 0.81. The BSQ score correlated highly with the Eating Attitudes Test, Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Higher BSQ scores were also associated with higher body mass index. The results suggest that the Turkish version of BSQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing body image concerns in teenagers. PMID:21953701

  8. Through Boom and Bust: Coping with Poverty in Sea Snail Fisheries on the Turkish Black Sea Coast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ståle Knudsen; Hakan Koçak

    \\u000a Small-scale fisheries for the introduced sea snail (Rapana venosa) have seen booms followed by irreversible bust. This chapter focuses on the role of this fishery relative to poverty dynamics\\u000a on the Turkish Black Sea coast, and explores how fishers cope with boom and bust, respectively. We consider poverty as a multi-faceted\\u000a issue and analyze in some detail fishers’ income, social

  9. Determination of fatty acid composition and total trans fatty acids of Turkish biscuits by capillary gas-liquid chromatography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Orhan Daglioglu; Murat Tasan; Baris Tuncel

    2000-01-01

    In this research, fatty acid composition and total trans fatty acid contents of six types of biscuit produced by four different Turkish companies were determined by capillary gas-liquid\\u000a chromatography. Total fat contents of the biscuit samples ranged between 8.5% and 26.0%. The highest fat content was determined\\u000a in sesame biscuits (average 24.4%) and the lowest in petit beurre biscuits (average

  10. Factors associated with computer and Internet technology implementation in biology, chemistry, and physics education in Turkish secondary schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozer, Melike

    The main purposes of the research were to identify computer and Internet use by biology, chemistry and physics teachers in Turkish secondary schools and identify factors associated with computer and Internet technology. To this end, survey documents were sent by the Provincial Directorate of National Education to 250 selected schools' administrators for further distribution. Administrators were asked to complete the "Computer and Internet Use: School Survey," and to distribute the "Science Teacher Computer and Internet Use" surveys to the two teachers who teach science class. Surveys were then returned to the General Directorate of Educational Technologies. Research findings showed that computer and Internet use has not occurred effectively. Computers were first introduced to Turkish schools in 1984; unfortunately the current situation of computer and Internet use in science education is not at the projected earlier point in time. Considering the fact that science teachers' participation in technology-related professional development program is higher than other subject teachers, the use of computer and Internet technologies in Turkish secondary schools is still at its early stages. Lack of computer knowledge and not knowing how to integrate computers into education were the major factors reported. With regard to computer and Internet use, a regression model for Turkish schools, which includes access and knowledge, explains a large part of the variance in study results. There was a significant relationship between computer attitude (computer liking, usefulness, and confidence) and computer and Internet use. Although there was a significant negative relationship between Internet and computer uses and the attitudinal component, computer anxiety, it did not deter individuals from expressing a desire to engage in computer use in education.

  11. Inhibitory effects of Turkish folk remedies on inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1 ?, interleukin-1 ? and tumor necrosis factor ?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Ye?ilada; Osman Üstün; Ekrem Sezik; Yoshihisa Takaishi; Yukihisa Ono; Gisho Honda

    1997-01-01

    In this study, in vitro inhibitory effects of 55 extracts or fractions obtained from 10 plant species on interleukin-1 (IL-1?, IL-1?) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-?) biosynthesis were studied. The following plant materials from Turkish folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases which are thought to be inflammatory in nature e.g. rheumatism, fever, infections, edemas or related inflammatory diseases

  12. Effect of usage Urtica dioica L. on microbiological properties of sucuk, a Turkish dry-fermented sausage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. ? Aksu; M Kaya

    2004-01-01

    The effect of dried-ground Urtica dioica L. on microbiological characteristics of Turkish dry-fermented sausage (sucuk) were investigated. Dried-ground Urtica dioica L. was added to sucuk batters by the rate of 0%, 1%, 3% and 5%, and microbiological analysis were made on the 0, 3, 7, 10 and 14 days of ripening period.According to the results, both the level of Urtica

  13. Novel Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Receptor Gene Mutations in Turkish Children with Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Arman, Ahmet; Dündar, Bumin Nuri; Çetinkaya, Ergun; Erzaim, Nilüfer; Büyükgebiz, Atilla

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) is defined as a medical condition associated with growth failure due to insufficient production of GH or lack of GH action. Mutations in the gene encoding for GH-releasing hormone receptor (GHRHR) have been detected in patients with IGHD type IB. However, genetic defects on GHRHR causing IGHD in the Turkish population have not yet been reported. To identify mutations on GHRHR gene in a population of Turkish children with IGHD. Methods: Ninety-six Turkish children with IGHD were included in this study. Exon1-13 and exon/intron boundaries of GHRHR were amplified by suitable primers. The polymerase chain reaction products for GHRHR gene were sequenced with primers. Results: We analyzed the GHRHR gene for mutations in ninety-six patients with IGHD based on sequence results. We identified novel p.K264E, p.S317T, p.S330L, p.G369V, p.T257A and C base insertion on position 380 (c.380inserC) mutations. In 5 of the patients, the mutation was homozygote and in 1-heterozygote (p.S317T). Conclusion: Six new missense mutations and one first case of insertion mutations for the GHRHR gene are reported. PMID:25541890

  14. Reconsidering identity: the ethnic and political dimensions of hybridity among majority and Turkish youth in Germany and England.

    PubMed

    Faas, Daniel

    2009-06-01

    Sociological research has hitherto largely focused on majority and minority ethnic identities or citizenship identities. However, the social connections between youth are not simply ethnic dynamics but also political dynamics involving citizenship categories. This article argues that in postmodern societies, it is important to reconsider the ways we think about youth identities. Drawing upon qualitative data from a study into the political identities of majority (German and British) youth and Turkish youth, educated in two Stuttgart and two London secondary schools, the research found that fifteen-year-olds had no singular identity but hybrid ethno-national, ethno-local and national-European identities as a result of governmental policies, their schooling and community experience, social class positioning, ethnicity and migration history. In working-class educational contexts, many majority and Turkish youth privileged the ethnic dimension of hybridity whereas majority and Turkish youth in the two middle-class dominated schools emphasized the political dimension of hybridity. The article demonstrates that social class and schooling (e.g. ethos and peer cultures) have a considerable role to play in who can afford to take on the more hybridized cosmopolitan identities on offer. PMID:19489821

  15. Antisocial personality disorder in Turkish substance dependent patients and its relationship with anxiety, depression and a history of childhood abuse.

    PubMed

    Evren, Cuneyt; Kural, Sevil; Erkiran, Murat

    2006-01-01

    The prevalence of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in treatment-seeking Turkish substance dependent patients and the relationship of ASPD with clinical characteristics were studied. Participants were 132 inpatients with substance dependence according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I), Turkish version. The clinician applied a semi-structured socio-demographic form, SCID-I, SCID-II, Childhood Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire (CANQ), Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Among the 132 substance dependent patients, 31 (23.5%) had ASPD diagnosis and 56 (42.4%) had no personality disorder or personality traits. Rate of childhood physical abuse, childhood verbal abuse, childhood neglect, suicide attempt history, self-destructive behavior and lifetime major depression were higher among patients with ASPD. Also mean scores of BDI, BAI and MAST were higher among patients with ASPD. The high rate of ASPD found among Turkish substance dependent patients suggests that special attention must be paid to identify ASPD in this group. Findings in this study showed that there is an association between ASPD and childhood abuse, lifetime major depression and severity of substance use. PMID:16910384

  16. Hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in Rotterdam, the Netherlands; qualitative assessment of socio-cultural determinants

    PubMed Central

    van der Veen, Ytje JJ; de Zwart, Onno; Voeten, Hélène ACM; Mackenbach, Johan P; Richardus, Jan Hendrik

    2009-01-01

    Background Hepatitis B is an important health problem in the Turkish community in the Netherlands. Increased voluntary screening is necessary in this community, to detect individuals eligible for treatment and to prevent further transmission of the disease. Methods We investigated socio-cultural determinants associated with hepatitis B screening in male and female, first and second generation Turkish migrants, by means of Focus Group Discussions. Results Socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening were identified; these were social norm, social support, sensitivity regarding sexuality, reputation, responsiveness to authority, religious responsibility, cleanliness and religious doctrine regarding health and disease, and the perceived efficacy of Dutch health care services. Motivating factors were the (religious) responsibility for one's health, the perceived obligation when being invited for screening, and social support to get tested for hepatitis B. Perceived barriers were the association of hepatitis B screening with STDs or sexual activity, the perception of low control over one's health, and the perceived low efficacy of the Dutch health care services. Reputation could act as either a motivator or barrier. Conclusion This study identified relevant socio-cultural themes related to hepatitis B screening, which may serve to customize interventions aimed at the promotion of voluntary hepatitis B screening in the Turkish-Dutch population in the Netherlands. PMID:19740421

  17. The Development of Cognitive, Language, and Cultural Skills from Age 3 to 6: A Comparison between Children of Turkish Origin and Children of Native-Born German Parents and the Role of Immigrant Parents' Acculturation to the Receiving Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Birgit; Klein, Oliver; Biedinger, Nicole

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the longitudinal development of differences in academic skills between children of Turkish origin and children of native-born German parents from age 3 to 6 in Germany with a focus on the role of immigrant parents' acculturation to the receiving society. Growth curve models show that Turkish-origin children start with lower…

  18. Quality of life and attitudes to ageing in Turkish older adults at old people's homes.

    PubMed

    Top, Mehmet; Dikmeta?, Elif

    2012-12-12

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate quality of life (QOL) and attitudes to ageing in Turkish older adults at two old people's homes (nursing homes) and to explain relationship between QOL and attitudes to ageing. METHODS: This study is a quantitative and descriptive exploratory study of QOL and attitudes to ageing of older adults in nursing homes in a developing country. INSTRUMENTS: Two international data measurement tools were used for data collection. Data measurement instruments in this study are The World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument-Older Adults Module (WHOQOL-OLD) and the WHO - Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ). The WHOQOL-OLD module consists of 24 items assigned to six facets (sensory abilities, autonomy, past, present and future activities, social participation, death and dying and intimacy) AAQ consists of 24 items classified in three domains (psychosocial loss, physical change and psychological growth) with eight items each. PARTICIPANTS: The Turkish version of the WHOQOL-OLD and AAQ was administered to 120 older (>65 years) adults living in two old people's homes in Samsun Province, Turkey. This study was conducted and planned between on 1 November 2011 and on 31 November, 2011. RESULTS: The results indicated that there was significant relationship between QOL and attitudes to ageing of older adults. In this study, the highest significant relationship is between psychological growth subscale of attitudes to ageing and sensory abilities subscale of QOL (r = 0.579; P < 0.01). Overall QOL and overall attitudes to ageing had a significant and positive relationship (r = 0.408; P < 0.01). The dimensions of attitudes to ageing (psychosocial loss, physical change and psychological growth) were significant predictors for QOL in older adults in Turkey. It was found that the gender does not affect overall QOL in older adults. However, happiness is significant variable for overall QOL in this study. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that QOL is a complex, multidimensional concept that should be studied at different levels of analysis in Turkey and other developing countries. The results of this study emphasize the importance of QOL in older adults in older people's homes in Turkey and attitudes to ageing of nursing home residents in Turkey. PMID:23240580

  19. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    PubMed Central

    Ayranci, Unal; Son, Nazan; Son, Osman

    2005-01-01

    Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2) test, t test and percent (%) ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women). Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p < 0.05). The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%)', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%)', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%)'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4%) reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%), magazines/newspapers (41.5%) and internet websites (37.3%) were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively). Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7) (p < 0.001). Users and nonusers of NVNM supplements differed significantly according to sex, age, Body Mass Index (BMI) values, types of school, mother and fathers' education levels, family income, most permanent place of residence up to the time of survey, smoking status, and participating in sports. Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements. PMID:15904512

  20. Surveying American and Turkish middle school students' existing knowledge of earthquakes by using a systemic network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oguz, Ayse

    Global environmental events are becoming increasingly important, because most of them enter our daily lives and somehow shape our everyday activities. Earthquakes are one of the most important environmental events affecting our life. Despite extensive media coverage, the public's scientific knowledge of earthquakes is limited. The purpose of this study was to design a questionnaire by using a new approach "Systemic Networks" to investigate students' existing knowledge of earthquakes. Systemic networks categorize features systematically in terms of events and their related actions. In the study, systemic networks were constructed around four possible features of earthquakes: (a) what are earthquakes? (b) how do earthquakes happen? (c) how can earthquakes affect other things such as objects or living things? and (d) what can be done to protect from earthquakes? The questionnaire was administered to 823 students in 5th through 8th grades. Participants included in the sample were chosen from two different locations: Aydin, Turkey, which is in a high-risk Earthquake zone; and Columbus/OH, which is in a low risk Earthquake zone. In addition, the majority of students in the United States have received formal instruction about earthquakes whereas the majority of students in Turkey have not. Comprehensive Exploratory Factor Analysis (CEFA version 1.03 for MS Windows) was used to examine students' patterns of thinking. Ten factors were found based on the students' common pattern of thinking and all ten factors represented separate themes framed around the features of systemic networks. The research showed similarities as well as differences between the responses in two countries. The US students' scientific knowledge about earthquakes was significantly higher than Turkish students and they held fewer naive beliefs than Turkish students about the definition of earthquakes and about how earthquakes happen. Over half of the students in both countries do not know about earthquake safety. The results of this study found that students who had experienced an earthquake did not have better knowledge about them. The success of this study also suggests that the network design of the questionnaire might have broader application to different subject matter and concepts.

  1. Characterization of two Turkish beta-hexosaminidase mutations causing Tay-Sachs disease.

    PubMed

    Ozkara, Hatice Asuman; Sandhoff, Konrad

    2003-04-01

    Two homoallelic mutations have recently been identified in the alpha-subunit of hexosaminidase A (EC 3.2.1.52) causing the infantile form of Tay-Sachs disease in Turkish patients. Both of these mutations, a 12 bp deletion (1096-1107 or 1098-1108 or 1099-1109) in exon 10 and a point mutation (G1362 to A, Gly454 to Asp) in exon 12, are located in the catalytic domain of the hexosaminidase alpha-chain. In order to determine whether these mutations affect the function of the catalytic domain or result in an instable protein, both mutant cDNAs were overexpressed in COS-1 cells. As judged by Western blotting, transfections of wild-type cDNA produced pro-alpha-chain and mature alpha-chain in parallel with a fivefold increase in cellular hexosaminidase activity using the synthetic substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl beta-N-acetylglucosamine 6-sulfate (MUGS). However, both mutants produced only pro-alpha-chains, although no mature form or detectable hexosaminidase activity towards two different synthetic substrates was observed. These data are consistent with the biochemical phenotype of infantile Tay-Sachs disease. We conclude that the overexpressed mutant pro-alpha-chains were misfolded and could not undergo further proteolytic processing to the active form of the enzyme in the lysosome. PMID:12689698

  2. Extramedullary Plasmacytoma of the Frontal Sinus: Case Report and Turkish Literature Review.

    PubMed

    Verim, Ay?egül; Sheidaii, Shahrouz; Bilaç, Omer; Tepe Karaca, Ci?dem; Naibo?lu, Bar??

    2014-09-01

    Solitary extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMPs) are nonepithelial neoplasms of plasma cell origin categorized among non-Hodgkin lymphomas, without the bone marrow involvement and systemic spread seen in multiple myeloma. They are uncommon tumors comprising 3% of all plasma cell neoplasias. Although they usually occur in the upper respiratory tract, only 1 case of EMP localized to the frontal sinus has been reported in the English literature. We present in this report a rare case of EMP originated from the left frontal sinus leading to left eyeball proptosis and movement restriction. A survey of sinonasal EMPs in the Turkish literature is reported, as well. Paranasal computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of a 69-year-old female who presented with left eyeball proptosis and left-sided headache revealed a solid mass in the left frontal sinus. Histopathological analysis of the completely excised mass supported the diagnosis of plasmacytoma. The definitive diagnosis of solitary EMP was confirmed with further investigations at hematology and oncology clinics. The patient was treated with surgery followed by local radiotherapy to the head and neck region, and she was disease-free at her 1-year follow-up. Treatment of sinonasal EMP is surgery alone or surgery combined with radiotherapy. Long-term follow-up is a requisite for systemic control because of the disease's high potential to transform into multiple myeloma. PMID:25330525

  3. An Application Domain Extension to CityGML for immovable property taxation: A Turkish case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ça?da?, Volkan

    2013-04-01

    It is generally acknowledged that immovable property taxes are one of the main revenue sources for local government. The literature emphasizes that the administration of property taxes needs well-developed inventories or registers that provide complete and accurate records of the taxed properties and their legal-economic attributes. This requirement is generally fulfilled by Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDIs) in which the coordinate exchange and sharing of geo-spatial data is provided by separate registers/information systems such as: cadastral systems, building and address registers. Recently, the Open Geospatial Consortium presented a core component of a 3D SDI in the form of an international domain standard for representing, storing and exchanging 3D city models. The CityGML allows the semantic and 3D geometrical representation of physical objects but does not deal with the legal and administrative aspects of the city objects which are required for the process of property taxation. This paper outlines the development of an Application Domain Extension (ADE) for the immovable property taxation domain that expands the CityGML data model with the legal and administrative concepts defined in Turkish Law. The study shows that this ADE could be a 3D national data model for municipal information systems and facilitate a more efficient taxation process, as well as providing data for urban planning, facility management and other municipal services.

  4. Fast scanning of illegal oil discharges for forensic identification: a case study of Turkish coasts.

    PubMed

    Telli Karakoç, Fatma; Atabay, Hakan; Tolun, Leyla; Kuzyaka, Ersan

    2015-04-01

    Increasing marine traffic, over 55,000 ships visit per year, through the Turkish Straits System and the Sea of Marmara, produces a yearly average of 12 illegal oil discharges. This paper documents the comparison of chemical fingerprints of spilled oil with suspected sources of oils for identifying the source of illegal pollution in Turkey's seas. Fingerprinting is initiated by comparison of the synchronous fluorescence spectra (??=?20 or 15 nm) of fugitive and suspected source oils. Potential matches of the spectra/chromatogram are confirmed or rejected by subsequent comparison of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography with a flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) analysis results. In this study, 39 clean sea waters, 41 polluted sea waters and 111 suspected samples were analysed. According to the comparison of the suspected source sample and polluted sea water sample spectra by using spectrofluorometric analysis, 76 suspected source samples were categorised as non-match whilst 35 suspected samples were classified as match or probable match. Then, match and probable match samples were analysed by using further selected chromatographic methods. Finally, 28 suspected source samples were confirmed as a match, enabling legal proceedings to be initiated. PMID:25810085

  5. An investigation of Turkish honeys: Their physico-chemical properties, antioxidant capacities and phenolic profiles.

    PubMed

    Can, Zehra; Yildiz, Oktay; Sahin, Huseyin; Akyuz Turumtay, Emine; Silici, Sibel; Kolayli, Sevgi

    2015-08-01

    This study investigated some physico-chemical and biochemical characteristics of different honey types belonging to Turkish flora. Sixty-two honey samples were examined on the basis of pollen analyses, including 11 unifloral honeys (chestnut, heather, chaste tree, rhododendron, common eryngo, lavender, Jerusalem tea, astragalus, clover and acacia), two different honeydew honeys (lime and oak), and 7 different multifloral honeys. Electrical conductivity, moisture, Hunter color values, HMF, proline, diastase number, and sugar analyses of the honey samples were assessed for chemical characterization. Some phenolic components were analyzed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) to determine honeys' phenolic profiles. Total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, ferric reducing antioxidant capacity (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity were measured as antioxidant determinants. The study results confirm that physico-chemical and biological characteristics of honeys are closely related to their floral sources, and that dark-colored honeys such as oak, chestnut and heather, have a high therapeutic potential. PMID:25766810

  6. Mutations and polymorphisms in N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase gene in Turkish Morquio A patients.

    PubMed

    Khedhiri, S; Chkioua, L; Elcioglu, N; Laradi, S; Miled, A

    2014-02-01

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA) is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disease resulting from deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALNS). This lysosomal storage disorder leads to a wide range of clinical variability ranging from severe, through intermediate to mild forms. The classical phenotype of Morquio A disease is characterized by severe bone dysplasia without intellectual impairment. Two severe MPS IVA patients from two unrelated Turkish families have been investigated. The 14 exons and intron-exon junctions of the GALNS gene were sequenced after amplification from genomic DNA. Direct sequencing revealed two homozygous mutations previously described: p.L390X in exon 11 and p.W141R in exon 4. The p L390X mutation was associated with four novel polymorphisms in intron 2, intron 5 and intron 6 and one polymorphism previously described in exon 7. We have analysed the haplotypes associated with the two identified mutations. These molecular findings will permit accurate carrier detection, prenatal diagnosis and counseling for Morquio A syndrome in Turkey. PMID:24411403

  7. A review on traditional Turkish fermented non-alcoholic beverages: microbiota, fermentation process and quality characteristics.

    PubMed

    Altay, Filiz; Karbanc?oglu-Güler, Funda; Daskaya-Dikmen, Ceren; Heperkan, Dilek

    2013-10-01

    Shalgam juice, hardaliye, boza, ayran (yoghurt drink) and kefir are the most known traditional Turkish fermented non-alcoholic beverages. The first three are obtained from vegetables, fruits and cereals, and the last two ones are made of milk. Shalgam juice, hardaliye and ayran are produced by lactic acid fermentation. Their microbiota is mainly composed of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei in shalgam fermentation and L. paracasei subsp. paracasei and Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum in hardaliye fermentation are predominant. Ayran is traditionally prepared by mixing yoghurt with water and salt. Yoghurt starter cultures are used in industrial ayran production. On the other hand, both alcohol and lactic acid fermentation occur in boza and kefir. Boza is prepared by using a mixture of maize, wheat and rice or their flours and water. Generally previously produced boza or sourdough/yoghurt are used as starter culture which is rich in Lactobacillus spp. and yeasts. Kefir is prepared by inoculation of raw milk with kefir grains which consists of different species of yeasts, LAB, acetic acid bacteria in a protein and polysaccharide matrix. The microbiota of boza and kefir is affected from raw materials, the origin and the production methods. In this review, physicochemical properties, manufacturing technologies, microbiota and shelf life and spoilage of traditional fermented beverages were summarized along with how fermentation conditions could affect rheological properties of end product which are important during processing and storage. PMID:23859403

  8. Factors mediating the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

    2004-08-01

    This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity (IEQ) were administered to 1,678 ninth-grade students (764 male, 914 female) after the completion of a unit on electricity to assess students' misconceptions and interests-experiences about electricity. Results of the concept test indicated that general performances of the students were relatively low and that many students had misconceptions in interpreting electric circuits. When the data were analyzed using MANOVA and follow-up ANOVAs, a gender difference for males was observed on the dependent variable of total scores on the 10 practical items; however, there was no significant gender difference on the dependent variable of total scores on the six theoretical items. Moreover, when the same data were analyzed using MANCOVA and follow-up ANCOVAs, controlling students' age and interest-experience related to electricity, the observed gender difference was mediated on the total scores on the practical items.

  9. Common Mediterranean Fever (MEFV) Gene Mutations Associated with Ankylosing Spondylitis in Turkish Population

    PubMed Central

    Yigit, Serbulent; Inanir, Ahmet; Karakus, Nevin; Kesici, Esra; Bozkurt, Nihan

    2012-01-01

    Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common inflammatory rheumatic disease. Mediterranean fever (MEFV) gene, which has already been identified as being responsible for familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), is also a suspicious gene for AS because of the clinical association of these two diseases. The aim of this study was to explore the frequency and clinical significance of MEFV gene mutations (M694V, M680I, V726A, E148Q and P369S) in a cohort of Turkish patients with AS. Genomic DNAs of 103 AS patients and 120 controls were isolated and genotyped using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods. There was a statistically significant difference of the MEFV gene mutation carrier rates between AS patients and healthy controls (p = 0.004, OR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.32–4.76). This association was also observed in allele frequencies (p = 0.005, OR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.27–4.2). A relatively higher frequency was observed for M694V mutation in AS patients than controls (10.7% versus 4.2% , p = 0.060). There were no significant differences between MEFV mutation carriers and non-carriers with respect to the clinical and demographic characteristics. The results of this study suggest that MEFV gene mutations are positively associated with a predisposition to develop AS. PMID:22960328

  10. Biological screening of some Turkish medicinal plant extracts for antimicrobial and toxicity activities.

    PubMed

    Turker, A U; Usta, C

    2008-01-20

    Screening of antibacterial activity and toxicity of 22 aqueous plant extracts from 17 Turkish plants was conducted. Antibacterial activity was performed with six bacteria including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Extracts of Tussilago farfara leaves, Helichyrsum plicatum flowers, Solanum dulcamara aerial parts and Urtica dioica leaves gave the best inhibitory activity against S. pyogenes, S. aureus and S. epidermidis. Of the 22 plant extracts, 20 extracts displayed toxicity (LC50 was <1000 mg L(-1)) in the brine shrimp bioassay. For radish seed bioassay, two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with a comparison between two concentrations (50,000 mg L(-1) and 10,000 mg L(-1)). At low concentration (10,000 mg L(-1)), S. dulcamara aerial parts and Primula vulgaris leaf extracts were observed to inhibit the root length more than the other plant extracts. Also, the most inhibitive plant extract for seed germination was obtained with S. dulcamara aerial parts. PMID:18075897

  11. Genetic Diversity Among Turkish Native Chickens, Denizli and Gerze, Estimated by Microsatellite Markers

    PubMed Central

    Kaya, Muhammet

    2008-01-01

    The genetic diversity of the Turkish native chicken breeds Denizli and Gerze was evaluated with 10 microsatellite markers. We genotyped a total of 125 individuals from five subpopulations. Among loci, the mean number of alleles was 7.5, expected heterozygosity (He) was 0.665, PIC value was 0.610, and Wright’s fixation index was 0.301. He was higher in the Denizli breed (0.656) than in the Gerze breed (0.475). The PIC values were 0.599 and 0.426 for Denizli and Gerze, respectively. A phylogenetic tree was constructed using genetic distance and the neighbor-joining method. Its topology reflects the general pattern of genetic differentiation among the Denizli and Gerze breeds. The present study suggests that Denizli and Gerze subpopulations have a rich genetic diversity. The information about Denizli and Gerze breeds estimated by microsatellite analysis may also be useful as an initial guide in defining objectives for designing future investigations of genetic variation and developing conservation strategies. PMID:18500550

  12. Determinants of family planning use among Turkish married men who live in South East Turkey.

    PubMed

    Zeynelo?lu, Simge; K?sa, Sezer K?sa; Deliba?, Leyla

    2013-05-01

    This study assesses the determinants of family planning methods use by Turkish married men in South East Anatolia. A descriptive and cross-sectional survey research design was used among 1,352 men aged 20 to 52 years who lived in South East Turkey. A pilot-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, chi-square, and multivariate regression analysis were used. The rate of nonusage of contraceptive methods among the participants was 60.4%. Within the nonusers, 34.9% reported a religious prohibition and 9.4% had misconceptions about family planning. Chi-square analysis determined four factors that were significantly related to the men's usage of contraception. These factors are the following: the men's age, educational level, number of existing children, and their perception of their household income level. These four factors were also subjected to multivariate regression analysis, the results of which were used to compute odds ratios for each value of each factor indicating the likelihood for using contraception by men within each group. Male-specific family planning programs can make an important contribution to the overall efforts to improve the usage of contraceptives by men. It is important to note that family planning services and education programs related to family planning should be appropriate for men. PMID:23303842

  13. Perceptions of physicians about knowledge sharing barriers in Turkish health care system.

    PubMed

    Gider, Ömer; Ocak, Saffet; Top, Mehmet

    2015-05-01

    This study was based on knowledge sharing barriers about attitudes of physicians in Turkish health care system. The present study aims to determine whether the knowledge sharing barriers about attitudes of physicians vary depending on gender, position, departments at hospitals, and hospital ownership status. This study was planned and conducted on physicians at one public hospital, one university hospital, and one private hospital in Turkey. 209 physicians were reached for data collection. The study was conducted in June-September 2014. The questionnaire (developed by A. Riege, (J. Knowl. Manag. 9(3):18-35, 2005)), five point Likert-type scale including 39 items having the potential of the physicians' knowledge- sharing attitudes and behaviors, was used in the study for data collection. Descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, student t test and ANOVA were used for data analysis. According to results of this study, there was medium level of knowledge sharing barriers within hospitals. In general, physicians had perceptions about the lowest level individual barriers, intermediate level organizational barriers and the highest level technological barriers perceptions, respectively. This study revealed that some knowledge sharing barriers about attitudes of physicians were significantly difference according to hospital ownership status, gender, position and departments. Most evidence medical decisions and evidence based practice depend on experience and knowledge of existing options and knowledge sharing in health care organizations. Physicians are knowledge and information-intensive and principal professional group in health care context. PMID:25732078

  14. Genotyping and Phylogenetic Analysis of Giardia duodenalis Isolates from Turkish Children

    PubMed Central

    Tamer, Gulden Sonmez; Kasap, Murat; Er, Doganhan Kadir

    2015-01-01

    Background Giardiasis is caused by the intestinal protozoan parasite Giardia duodenalis (synonyms: G. lamblia, G. intestinalis), which is one of the most frequent parasites that infect Turkish children. However, molecular characterization of G. duodenalis in Turkey is relatively scarce. The present work aimed at genotyping G. duodenalis isolates from Turkey using molecular techniques. Material/Methods In the present study, 145 fecal samples from children were collected to search for the presence of Giardia by microscopy and PCR screening. PCR generated a 384 bp fragment for ?-giardin. The PCR products were sequenced and the sequences were subjected to phylogenetic analysis by using PHYLIP. Results Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the sequences, assemblage A, B, and mixed subtypes were determined. Of 22 isolates, 11 were identified as assemblage A (50%), 7 were assemblage B (31.8%), and 4 were assemblage AB (18.2%). Association between G. duodenalis assemblages and the epidemiological data was analyzed. No correlation was found between symptoms and infection with specific assemblages (P>0.05), but we found statistically significant association between age and the assemblage AB (P=0.001). Conclusions The association between G. duodenalis and the epidemiologic data were analyzed. Since assemblage A is the more prevalent subgroup compared with assemblage B, this subgroup might be responsible for common Giardia infections in Turkey. This is the first study that included a detailed phylogenetic analysis of Giardia strains from Turkey. PMID:25689970

  15. Can CA-125 Predict Lymph Node Metastasis in Epithelial Ovarian Cancers in Turkish Population?

    PubMed Central

    Köro?lu, Nadiye; Y?ld?r?m, Gökhan; Ülker, Volkan; Gülk?l?k, Ahmet; Dansuk, Ramazan

    2014-01-01

    Objective. The role of single preoperative serum CA-125 levels in predicting pelvic or paraaortic lymph node metastasis in patients operated for epithelial ovarian cancer has been investigated. Methods. 176 patients diagnosed with epithelial ovarian carcinoma after staging laparotomy between January 2002 and May 2010 were evaluated retrospectively. Results. The mean, geometric mean, and median of preoperative serum CA-125 levels were 632,6, 200,29, and 191,5?U/mL, respectively. The cut-off value predicting lymph node metastases in the ROC curve was 71,92?U/mL, which is significant in logistic regression analysis (P = 0.005). The preoperative log CA-125 levels were also statistically significant in predicting lymph node metastasis in logistic regression analysis (P = 0.008). Conclusions. The tumor marker CA-125, which increases with grade independent of the effect of stage in EOC, is predictive of lymph node metastasis with a high rate of false positivity in Turkish population. The high false positive rate may obscure the predictive value of CA-125. PMID:24795494

  16. Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity assessment of plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine.

    PubMed

    Erdemoglu, Nurgun; Küpeli, Esra; Ye?ilada, Erdem

    2003-11-01

    Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from seven plant species used in Turkish traditional medicine were evaluated for in vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities; Helleborus orientalis Lam. roots and herbs, Juglans regia L. leaves, Laurocerasus officinalis Roemer leaves, Nerium oleander L. dried and fresh flowers and leaves, Rhododendron ponticum L. leaves, Rubus hirtus Walds. et Kit aerial parts and Rubus sanctus Schreber aerial parts and roots. All the plant extracts, except the aqueous extract of Rubus hirtus, were shown to possess significant antinociceptive activity in varying degrees against p-benzoquinone-induced abdominal contractions in mice. However, only the ethanolic extracts of Helleborus orientalis roots, Juglans regia leaves, Laurocerasus officinalis leaves, Nerium oleander dried and fresh flowers, and Rhododendron ponticum leaves exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced hind paw edema model in mice without inducing any gastric damage. Results of the present study confirmed the folkloric claim that all the selected materials to possess potent antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity. PMID:14522443

  17. Patterns of collaboration in four scientific disciplines of the Turkish collaboration network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Çavu?o?lu, Abdullah; Türker, ?lker

    2014-11-01

    Scientific collaboration networks, as a prototype of complex evolving networks, are studied in many aspects of their structure and evolving characteristics. The organizing principles of these networks also vary in different scientific disciplines, demonstrating that each discipline has specific connecting rules. Retrieving the co-authorship data from the ISI Web of Science, we constructed networks of four disciplines (engineering, mathematics, physics and surgery) as a subset of the Turkish scientific collaboration network spanning 33 years’ data. To provide a comparative perspective on the network topologies, we studied some statistical and topological properties such as the number of authors, degree distributions, authors per paper and papers per author histograms and distributions. These properties yield that the rapid growth of high education in Turkey (i.e. doubling of the number of universities and students within the last decade) had boosted the number of publications and increased the level of collaborations in the scientific collaboration networks. We showed the occurrence of Matthew effect in career longevity distributions, and also outlined the Heaps’ law relation in the scaling of the collaborations as well. We outlined the prominent properties of each subset, while the similarities and deviations from the interdisciplinary networks are also evaluated.

  18. Validity and reliability study of the Turkish psychiatric nurses of job motivation scale.

    PubMed

    Engin, E; Cam, O

    2009-06-01

    This methodological study was planned to explore the validity and reliability of the evaluation scale for measuring the job motivation of nurses who work in psychiatric clinics. The sample was composed of 378 nurses who work in all psychiatric units or psychiatric hospitals located in Turkey's four large cities - Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Manisa. For testing reliability of 'job motivation scale', the internal consistency tests were executed with split scale analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-total score correlation. For construct validity, factor analysis was used. For the first part of scale, Cronbach's alpha was determined to be 0.79. For the second part, Cronbach's alpha was 0.72. Factor analysis was performed in an attempt to establish validity and underlying associations between items in the scale. The first analysis produced nine eigenvalues (>1) and nine factors were extracted. The scree test indicated that a two-factor model would be suitable. The factor structure of the tool for measuring the job motivation of nurses who work in psychiatric clinics was parallel with motivation concepts. Validity and reliability levels of the scale for measuring the job motivation of nurses who work in psychiatric clinics were found to be sufficient in the Turkish population. PMID:19538603

  19. Ecosystem Structure Changes in the Turkish Seas as a Response to Overfishing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gazihan Akoglu, Ayse; Salihoglu, Baris; Akoglu, Ekin; Kideys, Ahmet E.

    2013-04-01

    Human population in Turkey has grown more than five-fold since its establishment in 1923 and more than 73 million people are currently living in the country. Turkey is surrounded by partially connected seas (the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea) each of which has significantly different productivity levels and ecosystem characteristics. Increasing human population with its growing socio-economic needs has generated an intensive fishing pressure on the fish stocks in its exclusive economic zone. Fishing grounds in the surrounding seas were exploited with different fishing intensities depending upon their productivity level and catch rates. Hence, the responses of these different ecosystems to overfishing have been realized differently. In this study, changes of the ecosystem structures in the Turkish Seas were comparatively investigated by ecosystem indices such as Marine Trophic Index (MTI), Fishing in Balance (FiB) and Primary Production Required (PPR) to assess the degree of sustainability of the fish stocks for future generations.

  20. Respiratory Health Symptoms among Students Exposed to Different Levels of Air Pollution in a Turkish City

    PubMed Central

    Gül, Hülya; Gaga, Eftade O.; Dö?ero?lu, Tuncay; Özden, Özlem; Ayvaz, Özkan; Özel, Sevda; Güngör, Günay

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of respiratory health symptoms among high school students attending schools at industrial, urban and rural areas in a Turkish city. Three schools located in different zones of the city having different pollution characteristics were chosen based on the pollutant distribution maps using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software. A cross-sectional survey was performed among 667 high school students in the schools. Outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone (O3) concentrations were also measured by passive samplers in the same schools to investigate possible routes of exposure. Chronic pulmonary disease (OR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.11–1.99; p = 0.008), tightness in the chest (OR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.22–2.02; p = 0.001), morning cough (OR = 1.81 95%CI: 1.19–2.75; p = 0.006) were higher among students in the industrial zone where nitrogen dioxide and ozone levels were also highest. There were no indoor sources of nitrogen dioxide and ozone exists in the schools except for the dining hall. As a conclusion, this study has noticed that air pollution and respiratory health problems among high school students are high in industrial zones and the use of passive samplers combined with GIS is an effective tool that may be used by public health researchers to identify pollutant zones and persons at risk. PMID:21695031

  1. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sea sediments of the Turkish Mediterranean coast, composition and sources.

    PubMed

    Tuncel, Semra G; Topal, Tansel

    2015-03-01

    The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in 25 surface sediment samples from five sites located at Oludeniz Lagoon of the Turkish Mediterranean coast. The total concentration of the PAHs (1.85?±?1.39 mg/kg) was lower than the sediments from highly urbanized areas, while it was comparable with the sediments from similar locations. Acenaphthene and chrysene were dominant ones with the concentrations of 0.620 and 0.515 mg/kg, respectively. The isomeric ratios indicated that combustion is the predominant source of PAHs in the sediments. Factor analysis solution supports the same finding with three major factors accounting for 71.7 % of the variability in the data. Factor 1 with 43.4 % of the total variance identified as a pyrogenic source (coal combustion; 4 rings PAH and traffic related pollution; 5-6 rings PAHs). Factor 2 (explains 39 % of the total variance) represents PAHs originating from traffic, and factor 3 (explains 12 % of the total variance) represents petrogenic source. Our results suggest that combustion of fossil fuels affects most of the points, followed by combustion of biomass and human activity. PMID:25280504

  2. Prevalence and drug resistance of mycobacteria in Turkish cystic fibrosis patients

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Isolation of mycobacteria in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is increasingly being reported. Because of having long term antimicrobial treatment, CF patients are at risk of pulmonary infection with especially resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) strains. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of mycobacterium spp. and antimicrobial susceptibility in Turkish CF patients. Methods During a 5.5 year study period, 376 sputa from 130 CF patients were analyzed. Antimycobacterial susceptibility testing was performed by the Bactec 460 TB System and the E test method. Results Totaly 28 (7.44%) Mycobacterium spp. were isolated from eight (6.15%) CF patients. Five isolates (17.9%) were identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), 14 (50%) as Mycobacterium abscessus and nine (32.1%) as Mycobacterium lentiflavum. All MTBC isolates were found to be susceptible to streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol. Resistance to some antibiotics was detected in some NTM strains. These are the first data about the prevalence of mycobacteria in CF patients from Turkey. Conclusions In pediatric CF patients, specific mycobacterial analysis of sputum specimens and susceptibility testing should be performed for allowing early detection, identification and the possibility of eradication of these bacteria. PMID:25123237

  3. Evaluation of quality of life in fertile Turkish women with severe endometriosis.

    PubMed

    Kiykac Altinbas, S; Bayoglu Tekin, Y; Dilbaz, B; Dilbaz, S

    2015-01-01

    We assessed the impact of pain, dysmenorrhoea and dyspareunia on the quality of life among Turkish fertile women with severe endometriosis. A total of 33 patients with histopathologically diagnosed severe endometriosis (Stage IV, revised criteria of the American Fertility Society (rAFS score) were enrolled into the study. Patients reported chronic pelvic pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and severity of dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia and pelvic tenderness using the verbal rating scale (VRS). Quality of life (physical, psychological, social, environmental domains) was evaluated using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). There were no correlations between quality of life and VRS and VAS scores of chronic pelvic pain in patients with dyspareunia (p > 0.05). VRS in patients with dysmenorrhoea negatively correlated with physical, social and environmental dimensions of quality of life (r = -0.382, r = -0.221, r = -0.373 and p = 0.028, p = 0.013, p = 0.033, respectively). Although the severity of dysmenorrhoea seems to be related with lower quality of life, chronic pelvic pain and dyspareunia due to endometriosis may not have any deleterious effects on the quality of life. PMID:24960476

  4. Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) protein concentrates: functional and rheological properties.

    PubMed

    Tatar, F; Tunç, M T; Kahyaoglu, T

    2015-02-01

    Turkish Tombul hazelnut consumed as natural or processed forms were evaluated to obtain protein concentrate. Defatted hazelnut flour protein (DHFP) and defatted hazelnut cake protein (DHCP) were produced from defatted hazelnut flour (DHF) and defatted hazelnut cake (DHC), respectively. The functional properties (protein solubility, emulsifying properties, foaming capacity, and colour), and dynamic rheological characteristics of protein concentrates were measured. The protein contents of samples varied in the range of 35-48 % (w/w, db) and 91-92 % (w/w, db) for DHF/DHC and DHFP/DHCP samples, respectively. The significant difference for water/fat absorption capacity, emulsion stability between DHF and DHC were determined. On the other hand, the solubility and emulsion activity of DHF and DHC were not significantly different (p?>?0.05). Emulsion stability of DHFP (%46) was higher than that of DHCP (%35) but other functional properties were found similar. According to these results, the DHCP could be used as DHFP in food product formulations. The DHFP and DHCP samples showed different apparent viscosity at the same temperature and concentration, the elastic modulus (G' value) of DHPC was also found higher than that of DHFP samples. PMID:25694714

  5. An investigation of the validity and reliability of the adapted mathematics anxiety rating scale-short version (MARS-SV) among Turkish students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mustafa Balo?lu

    2010-01-01

    This study adapted the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) into Turkish and investigated the validity\\u000a and reliability of the adapted instrument. Twenty-five bilingual experts agreed on the language validity, and 49 Turkish language\\u000a experts agreed on the conformity and understandability of the scale’s items. Thirty-two subject matter experts’ responses\\u000a provided evidence for content validity. Finally, 475 college students (51.58%

  6. Acculturation and use of health care services by Turkish and Moroccan migrants: a cross-sectional population-based study

    PubMed Central

    Fassaert, Thijs; Hesselink, Arlette E; Verhoeff, Arnoud P

    2009-01-01

    Background There is insufficient empirical evidence which shows if and how there is an interrelation between acculturation and health care utilisation. The present study seeks to establish this evidence within first generation Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest migrant groups in present-day Western Europe. Methods Data were derived from the Amsterdam Health Monitor 2004, and were complete for 358 Turkish and 288 Moroccan foreign-born migrants. Use of health services (general practitioner, outpatient specialist and health care for mental health problems) was measured by means of self-report. Acculturation was measured by a structured questionnaire grading (i) ethnic self-identification, (ii) social interaction with ethnic Dutch, (iii) communication in Dutch within one's private social network, (iv) emancipation, and (v) cultural orientation towards the public domain. Results Acculturation was hardly associated with the use of general practitioner care. However, in case of higher adaptation to the host culture there was less uptake of outpatient specialist care among Turkish respondents (odds ratio [OR] = 0.90, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.82-0.99) and Moroccan male respondents (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93). Conversely, there was a higher uptake of mental health care among Turkish men (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93) and women (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.71-0.93). Uptake of mental health care among Moroccan respondents again appeared lower (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.55-0.99). Language ability appeared to play a central role in the uptake of health care. Conclusion Some results were in accordance with the popular view that an increased participation in the host society is concomitant to an increased use of health services. However, there was heterogeneity across ethnic and gender groups, and across the domains of acculturation. Language ability appeared to play a central role. Further research needs to explore this heterogeneity into more detail. Also, other cultural and/or contextual aspects that influence the use of health services require further identification. PMID:19744326

  7. Age-related changes in the Wisconsin card sorting test performances of 8- to 11-year-old Turkish children.

    PubMed

    Yeniceri, Nur; Altan-Atalay, Ayse

    2011-10-01

    The leading aim of the present study was to examine developmental trends in performance on a computerized version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in Turkish children. Participants were 449 children aged between 8 and 11. Findings suggested that children's WCST scores improve with age, and developmental changes in executive functions follow distinct processes as assessed by different components of the WCST. The most striking improvement was noted in perseverative tendencies around age 10. This study also explored the effects of parental education on WCST performances of children, and maternal education emerged as the most important predictor. PMID:21985078

  8. Association between gene polymorphisms in TIM1, TSLP, IL18R1 and childhood asthma in Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Mete, Fatih; Ozkaya, Emin; Aras, Sukru; Koksal, Vedat; Etlik, Ozdal; Baris, Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Many immunologic and inflammatory mechanisms play a role in asthma etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility of asthma patients in the Turkish population with demonstrating genes for polymorphisms in TIM1, TSLP and IL18R1. All of the genomic DNA samples were isolated from blood samples according to a standard salting-out protocol. DNA samples were stored at -20°C until the genotype analysis was performed. rs3806933 (TSLP -847 C > T) and TIM1 -416G > C were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The rs3806933 (TSLP -847 C > T) was genotyped by PCR using our new primers and HphI restriction enzyme digestion. rs2287033 (IL18R1 c. 1270+150 A > G), rs3213733 (IL18R1 c. 626-196 G > T), and rs3771166 (IL18R1- c. 302+1694 C > T) were genotyped using SYBR green dye based real time PCR assay. Results: The allele frequencies of 5 SNPs in TSLP, TIM-1, and IL18R1 genes were determined in 139 asthmatic patients and 126 healthy controls of in Turkish population. The investigated SNPs are as follows; rs3806933 (TSLP -847 C > T), TIM1 -416G > C, rs2287033 (IL18R1 c. 1270+150 A > G), rs3213733 (IL18R1 c. 626-196 G > T), and rs3771166 (IL18R1- c. 302+1694 C > T). Results suggest that IL18R1 c. 626-196 G > T (rs3213733) and TIM1 -416G > C are significantly associated with asthma in patients in Turkish population. Patients with AA genotypes of rs2287033 (IL18R1 c. 1270+150 A > G), have significantly less total serum IgE levels when compared with patients having GG or GA genotypes (p < 0.012; 381.77±239.46 vs 557.52±549.96, respectively). Conclusion: This study showed that IL18R1 c. 626 -196 G > T (rs3213733) and TIM1 -416G > C are significantly associated with asthma patients in Turkish population. PMID:24955184

  9. Perspectives on care and communication involving incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, relatives and professionals: a systematic literature review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Our aim was to obtain a clearer picture of the relevant care experiences and care perceptions of incurably ill Turkish and Moroccan patients, their relatives and professional care providers, as well as of communication and decision-making patterns at the end of life. The ultimate objective is to improve palliative care for Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, by taking account of socio-cultural factors in the guidelines for palliative care. Methods A systematic literature review was undertaken. The data sources were seventeen national and international literature databases, four Dutch journals dedicated to palliative care and 37 websites of relevant national and international organizations. All the references found were checked to see whether they met the structured inclusion criteria. Inclusion was limited to publications dealing with primary empirical research on the relationship between socio-cultural factors and the health or care situation of Turkish or Moroccan patients with an oncological or incurable disease. The selection was made by first reading the titles and abstracts and subsequently the full texts. The process of deciding which studies to include was carried out by two reviewers independently. A generic appraisal instrument was applied to assess the methodological quality. Results Fifty-seven studies were found that reported findings for the countries of origin (mainly Turkey) and the immigrant host countries (mainly the Netherlands). The central themes were experiences and perceptions of family care, professional care, end-of-life care and communication. Family care is considered a duty, even when such care becomes a severe burden for the main female family caregiver in particular. Professional hospital care is preferred by many of the patients and relatives because they are looking for a cure and security. End-of-life care is strongly influenced by the continuing hope for recovery. Relatives are often quite influential in end-of-life decisions, such as the decision to withdraw or withhold treatments. The diagnosis, prognosis and end-of-life decisions are seldom discussed with the patient, and communication about pain and mental problems is often limited. Language barriers and the dominance of the family may exacerbate communication problems. Conclusions This review confirms the view that family members of patients with a Turkish or Moroccan background have a central role in care, communication and decision making at the end of life. This, in combination with their continuing hope for the patient’s recovery may inhibit open communication between patients, relatives and professionals as partners in palliative care. This implies that organizations and professionals involved in palliative care should take patients’ socio-cultural characteristics into account and incorporate cultural sensitivity into care standards and care practices. PMID:22985103

  10. A GIS based decision support system for estimation, visualization and analysis of air pollution for large Turkish cities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elbir, Tolga

    A decision support system has been developed to support local authorities in air quality management for big Turkish cities. The system is based on CALPUFF dispersion model, digital maps and related databases to estimate the emissions and spatial distribution of air pollutants. It applies a geographical information system. The system estimates ambient air pollution levels at high temporal and spatial resolutions. The system enables mapping of emissions and air quality levels. Mapping and scenario results can be compared with air quality limits. Impact assessment of air pollution abatement measures can also be carried out.

  11. A case of malaria with uveitis, hyperglisemia, and rasha in a Turkish radiologist who went to Africa.

    PubMed

    Altun, ?erife; Koçak Tufan, Zeliha; Kaçar, Mahmut; Ataman Hatipo?lu, Çi?dem; K?n?kl?, Sami; Demiröz, Ali Pekcan

    2014-12-01

    Malaria is still an important health problem worldwide, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Turkey, the most common type of malaria is Plasmodium vivax, and endemic regions are South-Eastern Anatolia and Çukurova. Due to globalization and tourism, travel-associated infection due to P. falciparum is also seen more frequently in Turkey. P. falciparum malaria can be highly fatal despite optimal antimalarial treatment. We present a case of falciparum malaria in a Turkish radiologist who went to Africa for occupational reasons and come back with malaria accompanied by uveitis, hyperglycemia, and purpuric rash. PMID:25732885

  12. T-PAH contamination in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Lamarck, 1819) at various stations of the Turkish Straits System.

    PubMed

    Balc?o?lu, Esra Billur; Aksu, Abdullah; Balk?s, Nuray; Öztürk, Bayram

    2014-11-15

    Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from the Turkish Straits Systems were analyzed for sixteen parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contents by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This marine organism was selected because of its multitude, wide distribution, being bio indicator for the pollution and consumption by humans. Total PAH concentrations ranged from 1.2 to 589 ?g g(-1) in Istanbul Strait, 0.94-36.4 ?g g(-1) in Marmara Sea and 0.4-47.9 ?g g(-1) in Çanakkale Strait during the samplings. According to the results Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits are more polluted than the Marmara Sea. PMID:25240742

  13. Differences in the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes between Women of Turkish and German Origin: An Analysis of Health Insurance Data From a Statutory Health Insurance in Berlin, Germany (AOK), 2005–2007

    PubMed Central

    Reeske, A.; Zeeb, H.; Razum, O.; Spallek, J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Gestational diabetes increases the risk of maternal and infant complications and long-term health effects. A study of differences in the incidence of gestational diabetes between women of Turkish and German origin can identify high risk groups and may indicate the need for culturally sensitive diabetes information and treatment during pregnancy. Method: We analysed all pregnancy related health insurance data from the AOK Berlin (a statutory health insurance in Berlin) based on data from 2005 to 2007, using a name algorithm to identify cases with Turkish migrant background. A group of German women insured with the AOK Berlin served as a comparison group. Results: After exclusion of miscarriages and multiple births the data set comprised 3338 pregnancies in total. The incidence of gestational diabetes was significantly higher in women of Turkish origin with 183 per 1000 pregnancies than in German women (138 per 1000 pregnancies). Regression analyses showed that women of Turkish origin with obesity were at the highest risk of gestational diabetes (OR?=?2.67; 95?% confidence interval 1.97–3.60). Conclusion: Obesity is an important factor in explaining the higher incidence of gestational diabetes in women of Turkish origin, especially among young Turkish women. These findings should stimulate discussion as to whether or not information about risk factors such as diabetes within the scope of prenatal care adequately addresses the needs of migrant women. Further research is needed to identify potential differences in undetected and primarily in insufficiently treated gestational diabetes between Turkish and German women. PMID:25284836

  14. Conventional and Molecular Cytogenetic Analyses in Turkish Patients with Multiple Myeloma

    PubMed Central

    Durak, Beyhan Aras; Akay, Olga Meltem; Sungar, Gülçin; Bademci, Güney; Aslan, Vahap; Caferler, Jülide; Özdemir, Muhsin; Çilingir, O?uz; Artan, Sevilhan; Gülba?, Zafer

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by the accumulation and proliferation of malignant plasma cells, secreting monoclonal immunoglobulins and genetic abnormalities in MM have implications for disease progression and survival. In the present study, we investigated the frequency of chromosomal abnormalities (CA) in Turkish patients with MM, using interphase FISH and CC and evaluated the relationship between the rearrangements detected, prognosis and stage of disease. Material and Methods: We performed conventional cytogenetic and FISH studies in 50 patients to detect chromosome anomalies associated with MM. FISH probes were used to detect 13q14, 13q34, 17p13 deletions, IGH rearrangements, and monosomy and/or trisomy of chromosomes 5, 9, and 15. Results: CC studies could be performed in 32 of 50 cases and five patients (15.6%) showed chromosomal aberrations while 27 (84.3%) had normal karyotypes. By FISH, eighteen percent (9/50) of cases were found to be normal for all parameters evaluated. Eighty-two percent (41/50) of the patients were positive for at least one abnormality. Chromosome 13 anomalies were detected in 54% (27/50) of cases. The second most common aberration observed is chromosome 15 aberrations (50%). Conclusion: Median survival rate was shorter in patients with one of the abnormalities including chromosome 13 aberrations, IGH rearrangements or P53 deletions. Chromosome 15 aberrations were significantly higher in patients with stage III disease (p=0.02). We conclude that FISH studies should be performed in conjunction with conventional cytogenetic analysis for prognosis in multiple myeloma patients. PMID:24744644

  15. Evaluation of Education, Attitude, and Practice of the Turkish Anesthesiologists in Regional Block Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Baydar, Hakan; Duru, Leyla Seden; Ozkardesler, Sevda; Akan, Mert; Meseri, Reci Dalak; Karka, Gozde

    2013-01-01

    Background The demand for regional blocks from both patients and surgeons has significantly increased in anesthesia practice during the last 30 years. Although the studies show that the complications are rare, regional blocks still have serious difficulties which can be prevented by training programs. Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting the educational methods, attitude and practice of the Turkish anesthesiologists in regional blocks during and following residency programs. Patients and Methods Anesthesiologists were asked to answer a questionnaire. Educational proficiency was determined by at least 50 spinal, 50 epidural and 50 peripheral block applications during residency. Specialists were asked for the numbers of spinal, epidural and peripheral blocks (PBs) they applied in 2009. The mean and median values were calculated. Results One hundred and eighty-eight anesthesiologists (84.3 %) agreed to participate in the study. While all participants had made their first attempts in neuraxial blocks (NBs) when they were residents, this ratio was detected as 96.8% for PBs. All participants learned neuraxial and PBs on patients in the operating theater. Education proficiency ratios for spinal, epidural and PBs were 98.1 %, 92.5 % and 62.3 %, respectively. Age, perception of adequate training, nerve block rotation, adequate application in education, following innovations were the factors which significantly affected the number of PBs in practice according to univariate analysis. The participants who consider their applications on NBs were adequate (P = 0.029) and the ones working in state or private hospitals (P = 0.017), applied NBs significantly above the median number. Conclusions Anesthesiologists had adequate education and practice of NB applications but a significant proportion of participants (51.8%) lacked both in PBs applications. We believe that NBs are more easily learned than PBs during residency training program. PMID:24223354

  16. Quantification of female pattern hair loss: a study in a Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Aktan, Sebnem; Akarsu, Sevgi; Ilknur, Turna; Demirta?o?lu, Melda; Ozkan, Sebnem

    2007-01-01

    Studies dealing with the relationship between the clinical staging of female pattern hair loss (FPHL) and quantitative measurements of hair parameters are limited. This study was performed to quantify Turkish women's hair characteristics in FPHL, to assess the relationship between clinical presentations of FPHL with hair density and anagen hair ratio and to compare the differences in hair parameters between FPHL and normal women, using epiluminescence microscopy combined with digital image analysis (Trichoscan). Hair density and anagen hair ratio measurements of 39 patients with FPHL were evaluated according to clinical stages and compared with those of 31 healthy volunteers. The results of digital image analysis were compared with the results of visual counting using the photomacrographs of the same images. Mid-scalp hair density and anagen ratio of the patients were detected to be significantly lower than those of the controls. The visual counting detected significant differences among the hair densities of all groups including controls, Ludwig I, and Ludwig II/III groups, while digital image analysis revealed a significant difference only between controls and Ludwig II/III groups. Thus digital image analysis was found to underestimate hair density, and the amount of underestimation demonstrated a positive correlation with hair density. In conclusion, diminished hair density seems to be the main sign in the clinical diagnosis of hair loss, although digital image analysis was found to be less competent than visual counting in detecting hair density. Thus, the increase in hair density in the assessment of various treatment modality effects may be underestimated by digital image analysis. PMID:17540640

  17. Efficacy of sorafenib in advanced differentiated and medullary thyroid cancer: experience in a Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Benekli, Mustafa; Yalcin, Suayib; Ozkan, Metin; Elkiran, Emin Tamer; Sevinc, Alper; Cabuk, Devrim; Coskun, Hasan Senol; Oksuzoglu, Berna; Bayar, Banu; Akbulat, Akif; Ozet, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Background Antivascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been used recently in the treatment of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Off-label sorafenib is used in Turkey with special permission by the Ministry of Health for this indication. Patients and methods Patients with advanced DTC and MTC were retrospectively identified from the Turkish Ministry of Health database. Data on these patients were prospectively collected before permission is granted to use sorafenib. Results Thirty patients with complete data were analyzed: 14 DTC (papillary number [n] =10; follicular n=4) and 16 MTC. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range: 28–79 years), and there were 18 males and 12 females. All DTC patients were iodine refractory and had received a median three doses of radioactive iodine (range: 1–7 doses). Sorafenib was used for a median of 12 months (range: 1–49 months). The overall response rate was 20%, all partial responses, with no complete response. The overall response rate was 14% in DTC and 25% in MTC patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.3–26.8) and overall survival (OS) was not reached. The 2-year PFS and OS were 39% and 68%, respectively. DTC and MTC patients had similar survival outcomes: median PFS of 21.3 months (95% CI: 5.8–36.7) versus 14.5 months (95% CI: 3.7–25.2), respectively (P=0.36), with the median OS not reached in either group (P=0.17). Tumor marker levels did not have any prognostic or predictive role. The toxicity profile was similar to that of other sorafenib trials. Conclusion Sorafenib is an effective and well-tolerated treatment in advanced thyroid cancers. PMID:25548522

  18. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-06-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

  19. Comparison of missing value imputation methods in time series: the case of Turkish meteorological data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yozgatligil, Ceylan; Aslan, Sipan; Iyigun, Cem; Batmaz, Inci

    2013-04-01

    This study aims to compare several imputation methods to complete the missing values of spatio-temporal meteorological time series. To this end, six imputation methods are assessed with respect to various criteria including accuracy, robustness, precision, and efficiency for artificially created missing data in monthly total precipitation and mean temperature series obtained from the Turkish State Meteorological Service. Of these methods, simple arithmetic average, normal ratio (NR), and NR weighted with correlations comprise the simple ones, whereas multilayer perceptron type neural network and multiple imputation strategy adopted by Monte Carlo Markov Chain based on expectation-maximization (EM-MCMC) are computationally intensive ones. In addition, we propose a modification on the EM-MCMC method. Besides using a conventional accuracy measure based on squared errors, we also suggest the correlation dimension (CD) technique of nonlinear dynamic time series analysis which takes spatio-temporal dependencies into account for evaluating imputation performances. Depending on the detailed graphical and quantitative analysis, it can be said that although computational methods, particularly EM-MCMC method, are computationally inefficient, they seem favorable for imputation of meteorological time series with respect to different missingness periods considering both measures and both series studied. To conclude, using the EM-MCMC algorithm for imputing missing values before conducting any statistical analyses of meteorological data will definitely decrease the amount of uncertainty and give more robust results. Moreover, the CD measure can be suggested for the performance evaluation of missing data imputation particularly with computational methods since it gives more precise results in meteorological time series.

  20. Rehabilitation outcome of Turkish stroke patients: in a team approach setting.

    PubMed

    Tur, Birkan Sonel; Gursel, Yesim Kurtais; Yavuzer, Gunes; Kucukdeveci, Ayse; Arasil, Tansu

    2003-12-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the efficacy of in-patient stroke rehabilitation, to evaluate the relationship between clinical characteristics and functional outcome, and to determine factors predicting functional outcome at discharge in Turkish stroke patients with a team approach. Retrospective data were collected from 102 of 116 patients with first stroke who were admitted to our rehabilitation unit at Ankara University. Demographic data, length of hospital stay (LOHS), onset to admission interval (OAI), type, side and location of stroke lesion, and most common medical complications were recorded. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Brunnstrom's motor recovery stages (BMRS) were assessed on admission and at discharge. The mean age was 61.6 +/- 10.9 years and the mean LOHS was 69.7 +/- 28.2 days. The mean FIM total scores were 69.2 +/- 27.4 and 83.2 +/- 25.7 on admission, and at discharge, respectively. The mean FIM total score was significantly correlated to age, LOHS and motor recovery. The FIM total scores of patients with aphasia and depression were found to be lower than those of patients without aphasia and depression. In a stepwise multiple regression analysis, FIM total score on admission, age and OAI were found to be valid predictors of FIM total score at discharge. Functional Independence Measure total score on admission was the strongest variable. Our results suggest that knowledge of the poor prognostic factors effecting functional outcome on admission can provide information to clinicians in identifying severity of stroke. Admission FIM total score, can be used to predict the patients' functional recovery. Advanced age, aphasia and post-stroke depression contribute to lower FIM scores. PMID:14634361