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1

Turkey: Turkish Naval Industry.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is critically important for Turkey to maintain sea border security against various types of threats and it is the mission of the Turkish Navy to contribute to Turkish defense policy by developing and maintaining a modern naval force in Turkey and abroa...

O. Cirika

2008-01-01

2

Greek Cypriot attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants.  

PubMed

The authors examined the attitudes of 106 Greek Cypriots toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants on Cyprus. The authors examined Greek Cypriot attitudes, willingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants, and the reasons behind their attitudes in terms of their social-identity perceptions, victimization experiences, and human-rights concerns. A series of repeated measures analyses of variance showed that Greek Cypriots were more willing to cohabit with and had less negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots than they were with and toward Turkish immigrants. Women felt more victimized by Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants than did men. Perceived differences in social identity predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots. Feelings of victimization predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots. Differences in social identity and victimization experiences predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish immigrants. Differences in social identity predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish immigrants. The authors discussed the findings in terms of support for realistic group conflict theories of attitudes and their implications for the coexistence of these ethnic groups in Cyprus and of other ethnic groups in multicultural societies. PMID:16894701

Danielidou, Liana; Horvath, Peter

2006-08-01

3

Turkish pepper (extra hot)  

PubMed Central

A 38 year old female office worker was admitted with a newly discovered blood pressure of 250/110 mm Hg. Evaluation for secondary forms of hypertension was negative and treatment was begun. Sodium excretion was markedly reduced, plasma aldosterone was normal, and plasma renin activity was low. Therefore, presence of an aldosterone-like activity was suspected. Eventually, the patient confessed to abusing "Turkish Pepper", a brand of Scandinavian liquorice candies and "Fisherman's Friend", another brand of liquorice candies, concurrently. After eliminating liquorice from her diet, the hypertension disappeared thus allowing her antihypertensive treatment to be stopped.???Keywords: liquorice; hypertension

Woywodt, A.; Herrmann, A.; Choi, M.; Goebel, U.; Luft, F.

2000-01-01

4

The Turkish Imbroglio: Its Kurds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine the current Kurdish problem in Turkey, the Turkish government's reaction to the issues raised by this problem, and the challenge the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) poses to Ankara through its tactics of intimidation and terrorism. This imbroglio is also detailed in both political and eco nomic terms. The article goes on to

James Brown

1995-01-01

5

Trends in Turkish Education Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

2013-01-01

6

Greek-Turkish Crises since 1955. Implications for Greek-Turkish Conflict Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Past attempts to explain Greek-Turkish conflict have been built on two underlying themes. One theme focuses on incompatible Greek and Turkish interests while the other identifies cultural and social differences between the two countries as the primary cau...

P. Lymberis

1997-01-01

7

Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish.  

PubMed

Five ectoparasites were collected during the period of 2002-2005 from fish of Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and inland waters of Turkey: Four crustaceans [Ergasilus mosulensis and Pennella instructa (Copepoda), Ceratothoa steindachneri (Isopoda) and Argulus foliaceus (Branchiura)] and one Annelida (Piscicola geometra) were found. The species, E. mosulensis, P. instructa and C. steindachneri have been reported for first time in Turkish waters, and A. foliaceus and P. geometra for the time from the Cavu?çu Lake. PMID:17594661

Oktener, Ahmet; Trilles, Jean Paul; Leonardos, Ioannis

2007-01-01

8

Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

2011-01-01

9

Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

Tas, Halil I.

2005-01-01

10

Internet addiction among Turkish young consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to profile young Turkish consumers by segmenting them over internet addiction. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To profile the segments, the study analyses the internet addiction and its preceding factors among 313 Turkish high school internet user students, aged 15-18 years old, selected on a convenience basis. The data of this descriptive study were collected

Yonca Aslanbay; Muhiddin Aslanbay; Emine Çobano?lu

2009-01-01

11

Multiple Intelligences Theory in Turkish Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey can be regarded as a cultural bridge between the East and the West. After Turkish Republic was established by Ataturk in 1923, many radical revolutions, including the Turkish Education System, were made in order for Turkey to reach the level of contemporary civilizations. In the last two decades, Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory has been…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz

2006-01-01

12

Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

Arslan, Hasan

13

Concept Maps and Language: A Turkish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concept maps are being used by an increasing number of educators in Europe and the US. This paper has four goals. First, it discusses problems in developing Novak's style concept maps in Turkish caused by linguistic differences between Turkish and English. Second, it reports the findings of a research study conducted to adapt concept maps to…

Kilic, Gulsen Bagci

2003-01-01

14

Anogenital Distance in Turkish Newborns  

PubMed Central

Objective: Anogenital distances are considered to be a sensitive indicator of external genitalia exposure to factors such as anti-androgens, and/or endocrine distruptors during the prenatal period. Exposure to such factors can lead to changes in the anogenital measurements (AGM) of newborn infants. These measurements can be used to predict masculinization of the external genitalia in healthy newborns. The goal of this study was to determine normal values for AGM in Turkish newborns of both genders. Methods: One hundred fifteen female and 135 male term newborns with no congenital defects were included in this study. A well-trained observer measured the anogenital distance by using a sliding Caliper graduated in millimeters. Anogenital distance was measured from the center of the anus to the posterior convergence of the fourchette in females and from the center of the anus to the junction of the smooth perineal skin with the base of the scrotum in males. Results: Anogenital distance in males and females was 23±0.6 mm and 10.3±0.2 mm, respectively. There were significant differences in anogenital distance values between male and female newborns (p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study provide data that can be used as reference standards with regard to AGM of the posterior genital structures in Turkish male and female newborns. These data will also serve in postnatal evaluations to determine the effects of prenatal exposures to factors affecting development of genitalia. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Konak, Belk?s; Cay?r, Atilla; Konak, Murat

2011-01-01

15

The Greek-Turkish Dispute Over the Aegean Continental Shelf.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the Turkish-Greek dispute over territorial claims in the continental shelf areas in the Northeastern and Southwestern Aegean Sea. The dispute began in November, 1973, when the Turkish government conceded part of the Northeastern shel...

C. L. Rozakis

1975-01-01

16

Health Information in Turkish (Türkçe): MedlinePlus  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Turkish (Türkçe) B Bacterial Infections Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23) - English Polisakkarid Pnömokok A?isi - Türkçe (Turkish) PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for Disease Control ...

17

Analysis of reactivity induced accidents at Pakistan Research Reactor1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of reactivity induced accidents in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) utilizing low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, has been carried out using standard computer code PARET. The present core comprises of 29 standard and five control fuel elements. Various modes of reactivity insertions have been considered. The events studied include: start-up accident; accidental drop of a fuel element on the core;

I. H Bokhari; M Israr; S Pervez

2002-01-01

18

Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

Isik, Erkan

2010-01-01

19

Internet Learning Initiatives: How Well Do Turkish Virtual Classrooms Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the challenges of providing a meaningful learning experience on the Web. Summarizes results of a survey of 356 Turkish educational Internet users, in terms of popular Internet sites, examples of Turkish virtual classrooms, and drawbacks of Turkish virtual classrooms. (AEF)

Bayram, Servet

1999-01-01

20

Development of the Turkish Form of the Test Anxiety Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Turkish edition of the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI-T) was accomplished in three stages, each stage constituting an independent study with new samples. In the first study, using bilingual Turkish high school and college students, the transliteral equivalence between the Turkish and English TAI items were achieved. The second study, using a…

Oner, Necla

21

Psychological Adaptation of Turkish Students at U.S. Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of Turkish citizens entering the U.S. for their studies is growing more rapidly than almost any other group. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how acculturation factors affect psychological adaptation of Turkish students in the U.S. One hundred and twenty-four Turkish students participated in the study. Regression…

Bektas, Yelda; Demir, Ayhan; Bowden, Randall

2009-01-01

22

E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

Georgalas, Panagiotis

2012-01-01

23

Postverbal elements in immigrant Turkish: Evidence of change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contact between languages usually leads to linguistic changes. Both social and structural factors are claimed to influence this process. This study analyzes word order in Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish). Turkish is an OV language but also allows other word order patterns (including VO) in certain pragmatic contexts. Dutch, on the other hand, is VO in main clauses.

A. Seza Do?ruöz; Ad Backus

2007-01-01

24

Personality traits of Turkish handgun license applicants.  

PubMed

Several theories have sought to explain the motivations for handgun possession and the relationship with personality. Perception of handguns also has cultural variations. The aim of the study is to evaluate handgun license applicants' personality profiles. 109 handgun license applicants were included in the study. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) scores of the applicants were recorded. Scores were compared with Turkish and American normative data for the Inventory. The study group had significantly lower subscores on novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and higher subscores on reward dependence and persistence compared to Turkish norms and significantly lower subscores on novelty seeking, reward dependence, and self-directedness compared to American norms. Results indicate that Turkish handgun license applicants' personality features are more similar to American norms. PMID:23234086

Selek, Salih; Can, Serdar S; Yabanoglu, Ihsan

2012-10-01

25

Buyuk Turkce-Ingilizce Sozluk (A Turkish-English Comprehensive Dictionary).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author of this 948-page Turkish-English dictionary has made an attempt to incorporate modern Turkish words and phrases into this listing and to avoid older (Osmanlica) Turkish no longer in use by "the younger generation." The older Turkish words (of Arabic and Persian origin) which are included are cross-referenced with their modern Turkish…

Tuglaci, Pars

26

Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

2009-01-01

27

Fuel-failure detection system for Pakistan research reactor-1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel-failure detection in nuclear reactors is important from the safety point of view. After the conversion and upgrading of Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1), it was decided to install a fuel-failure detection system to confirm the performance and integrity of the new fuel elements. The fuel-failure detection is based on monitoring of delayed neutrons emitted from fission products leaking into the

S. K. Ayazuddin; Tariq Hayat; A. A. Qureshi; H. A. Khan

1997-01-01

28

Turkish-Folk Song Activities for Kindergartners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how to teach kindergarten students using Turkish folk songs that incorporate the National Standards for Music Education and guidelines from the Ministry of Education in Turkey. Includes activities that accompany songs such as "Fly, Little Bug" and "Little Green Frog." Offers additional resources. (CMK)

Kapusuzoglu, Kelly Mem

2003-01-01

29

Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

Alkis, Secil

2009-01-01

30

Celiac Disease in the Turkish Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease (CD) is characterized by malabsorption of nutrients in the small intestine. The availability of highly specific and sensitive serologic tests has facilitated its diagnosis, increasing the disease prevalence. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical, laboratory, and histopathological features of CD in Turkish adults. Between 1968 and 2002, CD patients presenting to the Gastroenterology Unit

Rengin Elsurer; Gonca Tatar; Halis Simsek; Yasemin H. Balaban; Musa Aydinli; Cenk Sokmensuer

2005-01-01

31

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

32

Mineral matter identification of some Turkish lignites  

SciTech Connect

Samples of 15 Turkish lignites were oxidized by performic acid. Their mineral matter was isolated without any important chemical decomposition. The X-ray diffraction method was employed to determine the mineral species in the isolated mineral matter and in the ashes of the lignite samples. The results were compared and discussed.

Yaman, S.; Taptik, Y.; Kuecuekbayrak, S.; Kadioglu, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey). Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty

1995-01-01

33

Body Image Satisfaction in Turkish Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined body image satisfaction in Turkish adolescents. Findings from 269 female and 286 male secondary school students revealed that males were more satisfied with their bodies than were females, early-maturing males and late-maturing females had higher levels of body image satisfaction, and participants in physical activities were more…

Cok, Figen

1990-01-01

34

Unconventional treatment methods in Turkish migraine sufferers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We wanted to document Turkish migraine sufferers’ unconventional therapy methods learnt from their social environment and discuss the historical background and possible action mechanisms of these methods. Unconventional therapy methods were documented among 482 migraine patients who consulted Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Neurology Department’s “Headache outpatient clinic”. Among 482 migraine patients, 154 sufferers (31.9%) had been using unconventional therapy methods.

H. Macit Selekler; Sezer Komsuo?lu

2004-01-01

35

THERMAL REACTIVITIES OF SOME TURKISH LIGNITES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A DTA study has been made to investigate the thermal reactivities of five Turkish lignites (Elbistan, Ilgin, Karliova, Xangal, Yatagan) in an air atmosphere. The coal samples exhibited thermal reactivity at temperatures starting from 20 °C and continuing up to 671 °C. Endothermic peaks were observed at the lower end of the temperature range, the highest endothermic peak temperature being

Sabriye Piskin; Sevil Unal; Abdulkadir Kuyulu; Salih Dinçer

1992-01-01

36

(Non-)Peripheral Matters in Turkish Syntax  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the nature of word order variation in declarative and interrogative clauses in Turkish within the framework of the generative syntax. The specific issue that will be examined in this dissertation concerns the role of discourse-pragmatics in word order variation. I will argue that all movement…

Sener, Serkan

2010-01-01

37

Homework Motivation and Preferences of Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish students' motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5-8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender,…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

38

Perceptions of Creativity by Turkish Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Turkish student teachers have implicit opinions regarding creativity. For this purpose, whether the student teachers' genders, backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels created significant differences on the formation of their implicit opinions regarding creativity was examined. First, the What Do You…

Dikici, Ayhan

2012-01-01

39

Quality of Life in Turkish Haemodialysis Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to assess quality of life (QOL) in Turkish haemodialysis patients and to identify related socio-demographic\\u000a and clinical variables. To measure QOL 100 patients completed SF-36 during regularly scheduled haemodialysis. We found that\\u000a patients’ QOL was substantially impaired. Age was negatively related to physical components of QOL. Duration of haemodialysis\\u000a was negatively correlated with most

Arzu Acaray; Rukiye Pinar

2005-01-01

40

Gulf of Antalya, Southern Turkish Coastline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The historic and strategic southern Turkish coastline and Gulf of Antalya (37.0N, 31.0E) has, since ancient times, served as the classic land and sea invasion routes to the riches of the Near East as Persian, Greek, Roman and later European Crusader armies traveled the familiar routes of conquest. Even in modern times, this area is still the seat of political and military unrest as diverse cultural groups still strive for regional control.

1984-01-01

41

A famous Turkish dermatologist, Dr. Hulusi Behçet.  

PubMed

Dr. Hulusi Behçet (1889-1948) is a famous Turkish dermatologist. He was born in Istanbul on February 20, 1889. His father was Ahmet Behçet and his mother Ayqse Behçet was also Ahmet's cousin. After the Turkish Republic was established and the "Family Name Law" was accepted, his father Ahmet Behçet, who was among the friends of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of Turkish Republic, received private permission to use his father's name Behçet. Dr. Hulusi Behçet pursued his education at Gülhane Military Medical Academy. After he had become a medical doctor, he specialized in dermatology and venereal disease at Gülhane Military Medical Academy and he completed his specialization in 1914. His first observations on Behçet's Disease started with a patient he met between 1924-1925. Dr. Behçet followed the symptoms of three patients whom he had had for years, then he decided that they were the symptoms of a new disease (1936). He published these cases in the Archives of Dermatology and Veneral Disease. He died from a sudden heart attack on March 8, 1948. Today, this disease is universally called Behçet's Disease in medical literature. PMID:12370137

UStün, Cagatay

2002-01-01

42

Discursive Constructions of Language and Identity: Parents' Competing Perspectives in London Turkish Complementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I…

Lytra, Vally

2012-01-01

43

Framing the East: Cultural Representation in Contemporary Turkish Product Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the impact of globalization, national industri al design styles have emerged focusing on history and tradition as a sour ce of innovation and differentiation in the global market. In this conte xt, generating a Turkish design style has recently been on Turkish designers ' and industry's agenda in order to attain and sustain international market su ccess. While numerous

Bahar Emgin

44

"Turkish Modernization," Democracy, and Education: An Analysis from Dewey's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dewey is an important representative of the libertarian education movement, which has its roots based on the values of the enlightenment. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between "Turkish modernization" and education from Dewey's perspective. In the paper, the place and effect of Dewey in the Turkish pedagogical vision was analyzed…

Ozsoy, Seckin

2009-01-01

45

Interactions between Turkish Mothers and Preschool Children with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between Turkish mothers' style of interaction and the engagement of their preschool-aged children with autism. Data were collected from fifty mother-child dyads in which all children had diagnoses of autism. Video recordings of mother-child interaction were analyzed using the Turkish versions of the…

Diken, Ozlem; Mahoney, Gerald

2013-01-01

46

A Turkish Version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to enhance social skills instruction in Turkey, the present study highlights the process and outcome of creating a Turkish-language version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), originally developed by Merrell (1993). The social skills of the Turkish pre-and elementary school students were based on the Likert scale. The analyses of…

Yukay-Yuksel, Muge

2009-01-01

47

A Comparative Study of Turkish and Belgian Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies the psychological relevance of individualistic-collectivistic value orientations for personal motivation among 341 Belgian youth and 309 Turkish youth, in Istanbul, and 100 Turkish and 140 Belgian youth, in a second Belgian city. Results support the importance of a modern urban context in individualism and collectivism. (SLD)

Phalet, Karen; Claeys, Willem

1993-01-01

48

Democracy through Learner-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article…

Yilmaz, Kaya

2009-01-01

49

Turkish prospective teachers’ understanding and misunderstanding on global warming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers’ opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers’ views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true–false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies education and primary school education departments of three universities in Turkey.

A. Ocal; M. Kisoglu; A. Alas; H. Gurbuz

2011-01-01

50

Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

Bagci, Hasan

2013-01-01

51

Analysis of Turkish American Relations: Improvement or Deterioration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Turkish-American relations date back to the 1800s; however, they were far from well developed and did not solidify until the end of World War II. After an alliance of fifty years, the Second Iraq War indicated doomsday scenarios in terms of U.S.- Turkish ...

A. G. Isiklar

2008-01-01

52

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

53

The Adaptation of Academic Motivation Scale to Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study evaluated the psychometric evidence of Turkish form of the Academic Motivation Scale. The scale was based on the tenets of self-determination theory. It was designed to assess an individual's academic motivation if intrinsically or extrinsically driven with 28 questions. University form of the scale was translated into Turkish…

Karaguven, M. Hulya Unal

2012-01-01

54

Turkish Children use Morphosyntactic Bootstrapping in Interpreting Verb Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How might syntactic bootstrapping apply in Turkish, which employs inflectional morphology to indicate grammatical relations and allows argument ellipsis? We investigated whether Turkish speakers interpret constructions differently depending on the number of NPs in the sentence, the presence of accusative case marking and the causative morpheme.…

Goksun, Tilbe; Kuntay, Aylin C.; Naigles, Letitia R.

2008-01-01

55

Opinions of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers on the Curriculum of Turkish Literature Course Based on the Constructivist Learning Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this study is to collect the opinions of Turkish Language and Literature teachers at secondary schools about the Curriculum of the Turkish Literature Course based on the constructivist learning theory. To this end, the descriptive method was employed to collect teacher opinions. Structured interview was used as a data…

Epcacan, Cahit

2013-01-01

56

Specific Language Impairment in Turkish: Evidence from Case Morphology in Turkish-German Successive Bilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Language disorders, and Specific Language Impairment (SLI), have been extensively studied in a number of different, though thus far almost exclusively Indoeuropean, languages. For other languages such as Turkish, Vietnamese, or Arabic, however, findings on the outcome of SLI are rare. In this context, the growing number of migrant children in…

Rothweiler, Monika; Chilla, Solveig; Babur, Ezel

2010-01-01

57

Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

2012-01-01

58

Korea Research Reactor -1 & 2 Decommissioning Project in Korea  

SciTech Connect

Korea Research Reactor 1 (KRR-1), the first research reactor in Korea, has been operated since 1962, and the second one, Korea Research Reactor 2 (KRR-2) since 1972. The operation of both of them was phased out in 1995 due to their lifetime and operation of the new and more powerful research reactor, HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor; 30MW). Both are TRIGA Pool type reactors in which the cores are small self-contained units sitting in tanks filled with cooling water. The KRR-1 is a TRIGA Mark II, which could operate at a level of up to 250 kW. The second one, the KRR-2 is a TRIGA Mark III, which could operate at a level of up 2,000 kW. The decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) project of these two research reactors, the first D & D project in Korea, was started in January 1997 and will be completed to stage 3 by 2008. The aim of this decommissioning program is to decommission the KRR-1 & 2 reactors and to decontaminate the residual building structure s and the site to release them as unrestricted areas. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) submitted the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment reports to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) for the license in December 1998, and was approved in November 2000.

Park, S. K.; Chung, U. S.; Jung, K. J.; Park, J. H.

2003-02-24

59

Congenital color blindness in young Turkish men.  

PubMed

We investigated a healthy population of men from different regions of Turkey for the presence of congenital red-green color blindness. Using Ishihara pseudoisochromatic plates, 941 healthy men from the Turkish army were tested for congenital red-green color blindness. The prevalence of red-green color blindness was 7.33 +/- 0.98% (5.10% protans and 2.23% deutans). These ratios were higher than other reported samples from Mediterranean Europe. Higher percentages of color blindness were found in regions with a lower education level and more consanguineous marriages. PMID:16019694

Citirik, Mehmet; Acaroglu, Golge; Batman, Cosar; Zilelioglu, Orhan

2005-04-01

60

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.  

PubMed Central

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. Images

Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

1993-01-01

61

Gender equality or patriarchal dividend: Structural change in Turkish nursing.  

PubMed

Turkey is attempting to join the European Union and is facing pressure to eliminate many forms of discrimination, including discrimination based on gender. In keeping with these aims, in early 2007 the Turkish government changed the law to permit Turkish men to become nurses. Given that Turkey is a highly patriarchal society and that occupational segregation by sex is a persistent feature, it is important to examine the potential outcome of the legislative changes. The aim of this paper is to explore the paradoxical potential for Turkish female nurses to experience increased discrimination in a system that is restructured by legislation to be non-discriminatory. PMID:18466390

Herdman, Elizabeth; Badir, Aysel

2008-06-01

62

Marshak Lectureship: The Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is comprised of five different electron and proton accelerator complexes, to be built over 15 years, with a phased approach. The Turkish Government funds the project. Currently there are 23 Universities in Turkey associated with the TAC project. The current funded project, which is to run until 2013 aims *To establish a superconducting linac based infra-red free electron laser and Bremsstrahlung Facility (TARLA) at the Golbasi Campus of Ankara University, *To establish the Institute of Accelerator Technologies in Ankara University, and *To complete the Technical Design Report of TAC. The proposed facilities are a 3^rd generation Synchrotron Radiation facility, SASE-FEL facility, a GeV scale Proton Accelerator facility and an electron-positron collider as a super charm factory. In this talk, an overview on the general status and road map of TAC project will be given. National and regional importance of TAC will be expressed and the structure of national and internatonal collaborations will be explained.

Yavas, Omer

2012-02-01

63

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

Yava?, Ö.

2012-02-01

64

A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

2007-01-01

65

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities\\u000a is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading\\u000a to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services. Finally, key elements for working\\u000a effectively with international students are presented and a

Dilek Yelda Bekta?

2008-01-01

66

Morphometric analysis of the foot in adult Turkish men.  

PubMed

It is now well known that anthropometric measures of the foot differ in different communities. This research is a descriptive study to determine the foot measures collected from 1956 personnel working at a communication school. The results of this study are statistically different from the values of Paris system that is accepted by Turkish National Institute for Standardization (abbreviated as TSE). It is found that Turkish men's feet are shorter and wider as compared to the standards accepted by TSE. PMID:7887127

Hasde, M; Ozan, H; Ak?it, D; Ondero?lu, S; Sim?ek, C

1994-12-01

67

Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.  

PubMed

This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

2011-01-01

68

Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

2014-05-01

69

76 FR 30751 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Turkish Taste at the Court...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie-Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice...determine that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie- Antoinette,'' imported...

2011-05-26

70

Turkish commanders discuss counterterrorism strategies and lessons learned from 25 years of fighting the PKK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an extended book review of the Turkish book Commanders' Front (Komutanlar Cephesi, Istanbul: Detay Publishing, 2007), written by prominent Turkish journalist Fikret Bila, who compiled a series of interviews with retired Turkish military commanders and two former presidents. It provides a foreign perspective on counterinsurgency\\/terrorism strategies and lessons learned from Turkey's small war against the Kurdistan Workers'

Karen Kaya

2012-01-01

71

Developing and Testing a Turkish Version of Torrance's Tests of Creative Thinking: A Study of Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study had two purposes. The first was to translate one of the most popular creativity measures in the West, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, into Turkish and to check the equivalency of the Turkish version against the original English measure. The second, after developing an equivalent form of the TTCT in Turkish, was to…

Aslan, A. Esra; Puccio, Gerard J.

2006-01-01

72

Determining the Comprehensibility of Texts in Sixth Grade Turkish Course Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texts are stated to have an important role in Turkish language education relevant to the goals stated in the Primary Schools Turkish Lesson Teaching Program and Guide (2006), and in the formation and improvement of the individual's reading culture. The aim of the study is to determine the comprehensibility levels of the texts in the Turkish…

Iseri, Kamil

2010-01-01

73

Transfer at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Pronominal Subjects in Bilingual Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the issue of crosslinguistic influence in the domain of subject realization in Turkish in simultaneous acquisition of Turkish and English. The use of subjects in a null subject language like Turkish is a phenomenon linked to the pragmatics-syntax interface of the grammar and, thus, is a domain where crosslinguistic…

Haznedar, Belma

2010-01-01

74

Validity and Reliability of a Turkish Version of the Friendship Activity Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Turkish version of the Friendship Activity Scale (FAS). Both the English and Turkish versions of the FAS were administered to 36 students to check for language equivalence. The Turkish version of the FAS was then administered to 226 students to ensure internal consistency, and to 61…

Nalbant, Sibel; Aktop, Abdurrahman; Ozer, Dilara; Hutzler, Yeshayahu

2011-01-01

75

The Adaptation of the Constructive Thinking Inventory (CTI) to Turkish, Language Validity, & Psychometric Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt the CTI to Turkish and investigate the Turkish version of the CTI . First, the CTI items were translated to Turkish and translation validity of the items were investigated. Second, for the language equivalency of the CTI, 42 ESL teachers from eight different secondary schools in Istanbul were selected as a…

Tosun, Ulku; Karadag, Engin

2008-01-01

76

Türkçe ?çin Geni?letilebilir Siklik Analiz Programi An Extendible Frequency Analysis Tool for Turkish  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of Turkish texts is significant in Turkish language, literature and a wide spectrum of areas. It is a complicated task to count language structures manually. A computer application that processes and analyzes Turkish text documents or document sets (corpus) is beneficial. In this paper, the text processing and analyzing tool is developed to analyze the texts and computes

Melek OKTAY; Atakan KURT; Mehmet KARA

77

New product development in the Turkish tourism market: the case of football tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish tourism industry is mainly dependent on international tourists visiting the country in the summer season for sun and sea tourism. Given the vulnerability of the Turkish tourism industry and the fact that there are recent trends which influence tourism demand, an urgent need arises to diversify tourism products in the Turkish tourism industry. It is established that sport tourism

Erdogan Koc

2005-01-01

78

Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

Otcu, Bahar

2010-01-01

79

Determination of coumarin metabolism in Turkish population.  

PubMed

Cytochrome P450 2A6 is an important human hepatic P450 which activates precarcinogens and oxidizes some drug constituents such as coumarin, halothane, and the major nicotine C-oxidase. Genetic polymorphism exists in the CYP2A6 gene. CYP2A6*1 (wild type) is responsible for the 7-hydroxylation of coumarin. The point mutation (T to A) in codon 160 leads to a single amino acid substitution (Leu to His) and the resulting protein, CYP2A*2 is unable to 7-hydroxylate coumarin. Gene conversion in exons 3, 6, and 8 between the CYP2A6 and the CYP2A7 genes creates another variant, CYP2A6*3. In this study, healthy male and female Turkish volunteers (n = 50) were administered 2 mg coumarin, and urine samples were analyzed for their content of the coumarin metabolite, 7-hydroxycoumarin (7OHC), by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Genetic polymorphism for CYP2A6 was detected by using two-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to identify CYP2A6*1, CYP2A6*2, and CYP2A6*3 in 13 of these subjects. The percentage of the dose excreted of total 7OHC in relation to CYP2A6 genotype and excretion of nicotine/cotinine was also evaluated to demonstrate the role of CYP2A6 in nicotine metabolism. The majority of Turkish subjects (68%) excreted less than 60% of the 2-mg dose as coumarin metabolite. The allelic frequencies were detected as 0.88 for CYP2A6*1 allele; 0.12 for CYP2A6*3 allele in 13 individuals. No heterozygous and homozygous individuals were identified for the CYP2A6*2 allelic variant. Phenotyping and genotyping for drug metabolizing enzymes are of great importance in studies correlating precarcinogen activation or drug metabolism to the CYP2A6 genotype in smoking behavior when populations are investigated. PMID:11393269

Cok, I; Aygün Kocaba?, N; Cholerton, S; Karakaya, A E; Sarda?, S

2001-04-01

80

The experiences of involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands.  

PubMed

The consequences of involuntary childlessness are influenced by culture in several ways. In this study we explored the experiences and responses of infertile Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands (11 couples and 9 women). Interviews were transcribed verbatim and were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The respondents' experiences were clustered around six superordinate themes: effects on self; effects on the relationship with the partner; effects on the relationship with others; disclosure; coping; and the future. Most transcripts revealed that involuntary childlessness has a profound negative influence on multiple aspects of the lives of the respondents. Strong pronatalist ideology, misconceptions about infertility and treatment, and migration-related aspects such as language difficulties, appear to play a role in the negative experiences of Turkish immigrants. Respondents reported several ways of coping (to some extent) with these negative experiences. PMID:19270194

van Rooij, Floor B; van Balen, Frank; Hermanns, Jo M A

2009-05-01

81

Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

2007-02-15

82

Trace elements in obese Turkish children.  

PubMed

The quality of the diet of obese children is poor. Eating habits may alter micronutrient status in obese patients. In this study, we determined the serum levels of selenium, zinc, vanadium, molybdenum, iron, copper, beryllium, boron, chromium, manganese, cobalt, silver, barium, aluminum, nickel, cadmium, mercury, and lead in obese Turkish children. Thirty-four obese and 33 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Serum vanadium and cobalt levels of obese children were significantly lower than those of the control group (0.244 ± 0.0179 vs. 0.261 ± 0.012 ?g/l, p < 0.001, and 0.14 ± 0.13 vs. 0.24 ± 0.15 ?g/l, p = 0.011, respectively). There was no significant difference between groups regarding the other serum trace element levels. In conclusion, there may be alterations in the serum levels of trace elements in obese children and these alterations may have a role in the pathogenesis of obesity. PMID:20957449

Tascilar, Mehmet Emre; Ozgen, Ilker Tolga; Abaci, Ayhan; Serdar, Muhittin; Aykut, Osman

2011-10-01

83

Health Risks Faced by Turkish Agricultural Workers  

PubMed Central

Background. Individuals who make a living through agriculture and animal husbandry are faced with a variety of physical and psychological health risks. In many international studies, it has been shown that these risks can result in disease. The purpose of this study is to summarize the health risks faced by Turkish agricultural workers. Materials and Methods. This study used a nonrandom, convenience sample. The biopsychosocial health statuses of 177 farmers from 11 central villages in Kars, Turkey, were examined. Results. It was determined that the depression rate among the study group was 62.1%, the rate of physical health problems was 52.0%, and the rate of social isolation was 53.7%. There was a statistically significant difference between the depression scale scores and lower education levels, having ? three children, and physical health problems, as well as the physical condition of the farmers' homes. There was a significant difference between poor physical health and older age, lower education levels, having ? three children, and social isolation. Conclusions. In providing data-based evidence, it is believed that this study will contribute considerably to understanding the causality of health problems in this population and in planning the development of public health and veterinary services based on regional needs.

Cakmur, Hulya

2014-01-01

84

Reliability and validity of Turkish version of clinical stress questionnaire.  

PubMed

This study was conducted for the purpose of testing the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Clinical Stress Questionnaire, which was developed to examine the stress that nursing students experience in their first clinical experiences that are threatening or challenging. The study sample was comprised of 80 first-year nursing students who had their first clinical practice experience. Internal consistency of the total questionnaire was Cronbach's alpha=0.70 and the factor analysis supported the original construct. Based on these results the Turkish version of the Clinical Stress Questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable instrument. PMID:18164787

Sendir, Merdiye; Acaroglu, Rengin

2008-08-01

85

Anorexia nervosa in Greek and Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

Five samples of adolescents were assessed in three countries: (1) 867 Greek pupils in Munich (Germany), (2) 2,700 Greek pupils in Veria (Greece), (3) 567 girls in Ioannina (Greece), (4) 2,783 adolescents in Istanbul (Turkey), and (5) 157 adolescents in Upper Bavaria (Germany). A two-stage procedure was used for samples one, two and four using the Anorexia Nervosa Inventory for Self-rating (ANIS) for screening and a standardized interview (Structured Interview for Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia) for personal exploration of possible cases and final case identification. Results of all samples were compared. Greek girls in Germany scored higher than Greek boys in Germany and Greek boys and girls in Germany scored lower than Greek girls in Veria in the ANIS factors figure consciousness, insufficiency, anancasm, negative effect of meals and bulimia in practically all age groups. The frequency distribution of the ANIS main factor figure consciousness was the same for both Greek samples in Greece, while the Turkish sample and the Greek sample in Munich had significantly lower scores. In the second stage the prevalence rates for anorexia nervosa according to Feighner criteria (modified for the purpose of a field study) were: 1.10% for Greek girls in Munich, 0.41% for Greek girls in Veria and 0.35% for Greeks in Ioannina. Thus, while Greek girls in Germany had lower scores in ANIS factors and other self-ratings (General Health Questionnaire) the actual rate of anorexic syndromes was highest among Greek girls in Munich. Socio-cultural influences and selection factors are discussed. PMID:3203700

Fichter, M M; Elton, M; Sourdi, L; Weyerer, S; Koptagel-Ilal, G

1988-01-01

86

Whole Genome Sequence of a Turkish Individual  

PubMed Central

Although whole human genome sequencing can be done with readily available technical and financial resources, the need for detailed analyses of genomes of certain populations still exists. Here we present, for the first time, sequencing and analysis of a Turkish human genome. We have performed 35x coverage using paired-end sequencing, where over 95% of sequencing reads are mapped to the reference genome covering more than 99% of the bases. The assembly of unmapped reads rendered 11,654 contigs, 2,168 of which did not reveal any homology to known sequences, resulting in ?1 Mbp of unmapped sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) discovery resulted in 3,537,794 SNP calls with 29,184 SNPs identified in coding regions, where 106 were nonsense and 259 were categorized as having a high-impact effect. The homo/hetero zygosity (1,415,123?2,122,671 or 1?1.5) and transition/transversion ratios (2,383,204?1,154,590 or 2.06?1) were within expected limits. Of the identified SNPs, 480,396 were potentially novel with 2,925 in coding regions, including 48 nonsense and 95 high-impact SNPs. Functional analysis of novel high-impact SNPs revealed various interaction networks, notably involving hereditary and neurological disorders or diseases. Assembly results indicated 713,640 indels (1?1.09 insertion/deletion ratio), ranging from ?52 bp to 34 bp in length and causing about 180 codon insertion/deletions and 246 frame shifts. Using paired-end- and read-depth-based methods, we discovered 9,109 structural variants and compared our variant findings with other populations. Our results suggest that whole genome sequencing is a valuable tool for understanding variations in the human genome across different populations. Detailed analyses of genomes of diverse origins greatly benefits research in genetics and medicine and should be conducted on a larger scale.

Dogan, Haluk; Can, Handan; Otu, Hasan H.

2014-01-01

87

Attitudes of Turkish anatomists toward cadaver donation.  

PubMed

There is an insufficient number of cadavers in anatomy education in Turkey. This is because of decreased number of unclaimed bodies and very few cadaver donations. Increasing the number of cadaver donation is one of the probable solutions. Although anatomists encourage people to donate bodies, the attitudes of anatomists toward donating their own bodies for dissection is not well known. In this study, the attitudes of Turkish anatomists toward cadaver donation were evaluated. The questionnaires were sent to the anatomists in Turkey by mail and E-mail. Eighty-three anatomists replied to the questionnaire. The main solutions proposed for cadaver insufficiency included increasing the supply of unclaimed bodies (77.1%) and increasing body donation (78.3%). Further, 51.8% of the respondents thought that increasing body donation was a long-term solution. The general belief (83.1%) was that a campaign would help to increase body donation and 47% of respondents were willing to participate in such a campaign. Of the 83 anatomists, 20.5% of the respondents donated their organs and 49.4% were planning to donate them. Further, 15.7% were planning to donate their bodies; however, 63.9% did not consider donating. The main reasons of the respondents to object the donation were: to be dissected by a colleague (15.7%), the unacceptability of donation by family (26.5%), psychological reasons (43.4%), the anxiety of disrespectful behavior to cadavers (26.5%), and religious beliefs (3.6%). Although the majority of the respondents objected to donating their bodies due to psychological reasons, body donation was proposed as the main solution of cadaver insufficiency. PMID:15495167

Sehirli, Umit S; Saka, Erdinç; Sarikaya, Ozlem

2004-11-01

88

Political violence, the ‘War on Terror’ and the Turkish military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the impact of the ‘War on Terror’ on political violence in Turkey. It begins by tracing the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the management and support of Turkey's militarised government since Ankara joined the Alliance in 1952. Here, it is suggested that a triangular concert of agents from the Turkish state's intelligence

Tim Jacoby

2010-01-01

89

An Analysis of Turkish High School Students' Metacognition and Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms…

Sungur, Semra; Senler, Burcu

2009-01-01

90

Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale into Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting "Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale" designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research…

Korkmaz, Ozgen; Kaya, Sinan

2012-01-01

91

Microflora of Boza, a traditional fermented Turkish beverage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boza, a Turkish traditional beverage made by yeast and lactic acid fermentation of cooked maize, wheat and rice flours was prepared and the microbial characteristics were investigated. During the course of fermentation from 0 to 24 h, populations of lactic acid bacteria and yeast raised from 7.6 × 106 and 2.25 × 105 after inoculation to 4.6 × 108 and

Ömre Hancio?lu; Mehmet Karapinar

1997-01-01

92

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

93

Cohesion in Compositions of Turkish and Immigrant Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cohesion refers to the relationships established between sentences and paragraphs via the units in the surface structure of the text. This study evaluated texts written by Uzbek origin immigrant students and Turkish students living in Hatay in terms of the use of cohesion devices (ellipsis, conjunctions, lexical cohesion, reference, substitution).…

Coskun, Eyyup

2011-01-01

94

The Effects of Currency Futures Trading on Turkish Currency Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the impact of the introduction of currency futures trading on the volatility of the underlying currency market for Turkey is studied. Analyzing the data, following results are obtained. First, the results suggest that the introduction of futures trading has decreased the volatility of Turkish currency market. Second, the results show that futures trading increases the speed at

Arif Oduncu

2011-01-01

95

Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2011-01-01

96

Turkish Geography Student Teachers' Concerns towards the Teaching Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the levels of concern of Turkish geography student teachers towards the teaching profession. The study was conducted with 293 geography student teachers who are enrolled in the last class of the Geography Student Teachers Program of the Faculties of Education and enrolled in a Non-Thesis Master's Degree…

Sezer, Adem

2010-01-01

97

Anthropometric Breast Measurement: A Study of 385 Turkish Female Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Anthropometric measurements and proportions of the human body have made a significant contribution to the science of aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.Objective: The present study was performed to measure anthropometric breast values in Turkish female students and compare them with those of women in other nations.Methods: The study included 385 female undergraduate student volunteers between the ages of 18

Dilek K. Av?ar; Ahmet C. Ayg?t; Erol Benlier; Hüsamettin Top; O?uz Ta?k?nalp

2010-01-01

98

Turkish high school students’ conceptions of the nature of science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this study is investigating the extent to which Turkish high school students understand the conceptions of nature of science (NOS). The paper describes the use of questionnaire of NOS and a semi-structured interview. The questionnaire was applied to 162 high school students. After the questionnaire was analyzed individually, six students were interviewed. Interview transcriptions were examined individually.

Oktay Bektas; Omer Geban

2010-01-01

99

Language Planning and Implementation in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores a major curriculum innovation in English language teaching in Turkish primary education from macro and micro perspectives. After an overview of the role of English in Turkey, macro-level planning underlying the introduction of English language teaching policy in state-owned primary education is presented. Then the diffusion of…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2007-01-01

100

Favoritism in the Turkish Educational System: Nepotism, Cronyism and Patronage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In almost all systems there have been unethical behaviors that take place in written and visual media. Of all these unethical behaviors, favoritism takes precedence. This study was conducted to investigate whether or not the administrators favor some people in the Turkish national education system and also to reveal the teachers' thoughts on…

Aydogan, Ismail

2009-01-01

101

Turkish Adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--Version III  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the…

Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

2012-01-01

102

Reproductive Health Training of Turkish Soldiers from Certain Risk Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

determine the results of RH training courses for soldiers born in the east region and married soldiers and to identify the prevalence of certain characteristics in the study group. Materials and Methods: In the frame of the Reproductive Health Program (RHP) of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF), all soldiers received training in RH by field trainers between April 2004 and

Bilal BAKIR; Aygül AKYÜZ; Mahir GÜLEÇ; Tülay KAYA; Sadettin GÜNGÖR; Metin HASDE

103

Turkish Pupils' Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils' views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a)…

Boz, Yezdan

2006-01-01

104

Long Memory in the Turkish Stock Market Return and Volatility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the dual long memory property of the Turkish stock market. The data set consists of daily returns, and long memory tests are carried out both for the returns and volatility. The results indicate that long memory dynamics in the returns and volatility might be modeled by using the ARFIMA-FIGARCH model. The results of the ARFIMAFIGARCH model show

Adnan Kasman; Erdost Torun

2007-01-01

105

Hyperdibasicaminoaciduria in a Turkish infant without evident protein intolerance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first patient of Turkish descent with hyperdibasicaminoaciduria is described. Recurrent diarrhea was observed only during the first three months of life. The infant exhibited low plasma levels of ornithine and arginine. Intestinal absorption of lysine was decreased. Hyperammonemia was noticed only after an i.v. alanine load. It was prevented by addition of arginine.

W. Endres; G. Zoulek; J. Schaub

1979-01-01

106

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

107

Economies of Scale and Scope in Turkish Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines production and cost structures of 28 Turkish universities to estimate their economies of scale and scope. Estimates multiproduct cost functions for teaching and research, examining social, health, and engineering sciences departments across 186 college faculties. Average incremental and marginal costs are highest for graduate instruction…

Lewis, Darrell R.; Dundar, Halil

1995-01-01

108

Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

Ipek, Cemalettin

2010-01-01

109

TURKISH SMALL & MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES- A case study: Nazilli  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small and medium sized enterprises (KOBIs in Turkish) make up about 98 percent of all manufacturing firms in Turkey. They make a significant contribution to the economy in terms of output, employment, value-added and economic growth. Unfortunately, there seems to be many obstacles restraining the growth of KOBIs, such as financial bottlenecks, lack of qualified human resources and bureaucratic procedures.

H. Gürak

2004-01-01

110

The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

2011-01-01

111

EFFECTS OF CONTEXT ON EVERYDAY CONVERSATIONS OF TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employed a diary method to investigate everyday conversations. Consistent with a dynamic view of partner context interaction, it was predicted that conversations occurring in different contexts would show variations with respect to topics and conversation partners. Turkish university students recorded durations, topics, and conversation partners of their conversations for seven consecutive days. Contexts, topics, and partners were categorized.

NURAN HORTAÇSU; ATIYE ORAL; YE?IM YASAK

1996-01-01

112

Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

Senyurt, Secil

2014-01-01

113

Adaptation of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Scale to Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt "Survey of Pre-service Teachers' Knowledge of Teaching and Technology" in order to assess pre-service primary teachers' Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) to Turkish. 407 pre-service primary teachers (227 female and 180 male) in their final semester in Education Faculties…

Kaya, Zehra; Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Emre, Irfan

2013-01-01

114

Illness perceptions in Turkish migrants with diabetes: A qualitative study.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES Illness perceptions are usually conceptualized using the self-regulatory model of illness. Although a few examinations of illness perceptions among Turkish language populations exist, the validity of the self-regulatory model of illness has never been confirmed for this population group. The aim of our study was to explore the validity of the self-regulatory model of illness in chronically ill Turkish migrants residing in Germany using diabetes mellitus type 2 as an example. METHODS Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 Turkish migrants with self-reported diabetes who were recruited through key persons. The core aspects of the qualitative data were extracted through a hermeneutic approach. Subsequently, a system of categories and sub-categories was developed by means of content analysis. RESULTS Seven distinct core dimensions of illness perceptions, each with a different number of sub-domains, could be identified in the sample. They comprised the perceived timeline of diabetes, its consequences, its causes, its controllability as well as the identity/coherence and the emotional response with respect to the condition. DISCUSSION As regards the conceptualization of illness perceptions, the dimensions identified are in line with the self-regulatory model of illness. Addressing illness perceptions through tailored interventions may contribute to improving health care and health outcomes in Turkish migrants. PMID:23986085

Yilmaz-Aslan, Yüce; Brzoska, Patrick; Bluhm, Martina; Aslan, Abdulselam; Razum, Oliver

2014-06-01

115

Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

2008-01-01

116

Turkish Prospective Chemistry Teachers' Beliefs about Chemistry Teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to study the beliefs of Turkish prospective chemistry teachers about teaching chemistry, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 prospective teachers. Analysis of the interviews revealed that most of the prospective teachers held intermediate (transition between constructivist and traditional) beliefs about chemistry teaching. Most of the student teachers exhibited inconsistencies in their beliefs about teaching chemistry. The findings indicate

Yezdan Boz; Esen Uzuntiryaki

2006-01-01

117

Reflective Teaching Practices in Turkish Primary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study is to explore the prevalence of reflective teaching practices among Turkish primary school teachers. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the study. The sample was composed of 328 primary school teachers working in 30 primary education institutions in the town of Antakya in the province of…

Tok, Sukran; Dolapcioglu, Sevda Dogan

2013-01-01

118

4. VIEW NORTH, TURKISH FILBERT TREE AT THE CORNER OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW NORTH, TURKISH FILBERT TREE AT THE CORNER OF WHAT WAS ONCE THE NUT BLOCK AREA AT THE REAR OF THE ORIGINAL 50-ACRE PARCEL - U.S. Plant Introduction Station, Landscape, 11601 Old Pond Road, Glenn Dale, Prince George's County, MD

119

Incentives and disincentives for using renewable energy: Turkish students’ ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A closed-form questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas of Turkish school students in years 7 and 8 (age 13–14 years) about renewable power generation. The questionnaire investigated students’ ideas about the characteristics of renewable energy, its perceived advantages and disadvantgaes, and, separately, their views about the importance of the characteristics of energy production; it is likely that

Ahmet K?l?nç; Martin Stanisstreet; Edward Boyes

2009-01-01

120

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

121

Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

122

Turkish High School Students' Attitudes towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, it is aimed to present whether or not Turkish high school students' attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help is effected by gender, whether or not having any prior psychological experience, perceived parental attitude and parents' education level. Research group is composed of total of 301 students, educated at high…

Sahin, Hulya; Uyar, Seyma Yuksel

2011-01-01

123

[Dietary habits of Turkish and Moroccan children in the Netherlands].  

PubMed

Migration might have considerable implications for nutrition and consequently for health. Because of the higher demands of growth, children are especially vulnerable to changes in nutrition. In order to get an insight into the need for a special nutrition policy for Turkish ad Moroccan children, the dietary habits and food consumption of 8-year-old Turkish and Moroccan children in The Netherlands were assessed. The results showed that the diet of these children was more compatible with the Dutch recommendations for a prudent diet than the diet of Dutch children from a similar socio-economic background. Quite a few of the basic food items Turkish and Moroccan children are accustomed to eat, like rice, cereals, bread, pulses and vegetables, contain valuable nutrients. So, an increased consumption of these items was recommended. The intake of calcium and riboflavin of Turkish and Moroccan children was low and so the use of dairy products--preferably in fermented form like yoghurt--was recommended. This would also enhance the Vitamin D status. PMID:11913348

Meulmeester, J F; Hulshof, K F

1993-07-01

124

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

125

The Philosophy of Turkish National and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to establish whether the Basic Law of National Education and the Law of Higher Education, both of which give direction to the Turkish educational system, are based on any educational philosophy trends, and to what extent. For this purpose, both laws were investigated using the "document analysis" method. All the data obtained were…

Toprakci, Erdal; Buldu, Serkan; Bozpolat, Ebru; Oflaz, Gulcin; Dagdeviren, Iclal; Ture, Ersin

2013-01-01

126

Functions of Identity Scale: Turkish Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to test the factor structure, convergent validity, and reliability of the Functions of Identity Scale (FIS) on a Turkish college sample. FIS is a 15 item, self-report instrument consisting of five scales. In line with the original version, both the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a five-factor…

Demir, Ilkay

2011-01-01

127

Trends in Turkish Mathematics Education Research: From 1998 to 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to determine trends in Turkish Mathematics Education on the basis of both master and doctoral theses involved. The researchers reviewed the online databases of the Higher Education Council and Proquest as well as the library of each university and examined 284 graduate theses in regard to research topic, research methods,…

Baki, Adnan; Guven, Bulent; Karatas, Ilhan; Akkan, Yasar; Cakiroglu, Unal

2011-01-01

128

Türkçe metin belgeleri için damgalama Watermarking Tools for Turkish Texts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Text watermarking is a recent subject of natural language processing aimed to the content security and authentication information of the text documents. This study explores possible text watermarking tools for the Turkish language. Various watermarking tools such as changes of morphological and syntactic structures, and swapping of synonyms and punctuations are investigated and their relative performance measured.

H. Mesut MERAL; Bülent SANKUR; A. Sumru ÖZSOY

129

The Study of Sociology in Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to reveal the differences among seven departments of sociology in Turkish universities based on studies carried out since 1985 by sociologists working in these departments. Since sociology and sociological education started in 1914, there have been many evaluations of sociology in Turkey. The present study differs from others in…

Kasapoglu, Aytul

2005-01-01

130

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

Uysal, Hacer Hande

2012-01-01

131

The Turkish version of the safety attitudes questionnaire: psychometric properties and baseline data  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo test the psychometric soundness of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in Turkish hospitals, examine differences in perceptions of safety and provide baseline data.MethodsThe SAQ (inpatient version) was translated with the back-translation technique into Turkish. Ten out of 50 teaching hospitals belonging to the Ministry of Health in Turkey were selected randomly. The Turkish version of the SAQ was administered

S?d?ka Kaya; Serkan Barsbay; Erdem Karabulut

2010-01-01

132

Survey of lead and copper in Turkish raisins.  

PubMed

Lead and copper levels in various types of Turkish raisins, collected from the most important production centers, were determined by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples were principally the products of 2005; however, two different and important raisin types produced between 2003 and 2006 were also analyzed. To investigate the source of pollution, the lead and copper content of all samples were separately determined after successive treatment with water, then with acetone and, finally, complete decomposition in a HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4)/H(2)O(2) mixture. Metal levels in raisin seeds were also determined. The results were statistically evaluated, indicating that the raisins taken from different regions and years contained a mean (range) of 0.056 (0.012-0.359) mg kg(-1) lead and 2.542 (0.770-4.706) mg kg(-1) copper. Lead concentrations in Turkish raisins were significantly lower than those found in a previous study. PMID:17691009

Calisir, F; Akman, S

2007-09-01

133

Analysis of VOT in Turkish speakers with aphasia.  

PubMed

Studies investigating voicing onset time (VOT) production by speakers with aphasia have shown that nonfluent aphasics show a deficit in the articulatory programming of speech sounds based on the range of VOT values produced by aphasic individuals. If the VOT value lies between the normal range of VOT for the voiced and voiceless categories, then it is a phonetic distortion, thus a phonetic/articulatory deficit. A number of studies in different languages (French, English, Thai, Taiwanese) have investigated VOT in aphasic subjects in which their VOT values have been compared to those of normal speakers. This study investigates the VOT productions of voiced and voiceless stops by Turkish speakers with aphasia. Six patients with different aetiologies but similar language characteristics participated in this study. The results suggest that although Turkish nonfluent aphasics exhibit unimodal distribution of VOT production, the VOT values and ranges show language-specific properties. PMID:21091206

Kopkalli-Yavuz, Handan; Mavis, Ilknur; Akyildiz, Didem

2011-04-01

134

Corruption and internal fraud in the Turkish construction industry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding about the internal fraud and corruption problem in the Turkish construction industry. The reasons behind the internal fraud and corruption problem as well as the types of prevention methods were investigated; and as a result various recommendations were made. To this end, a risk awareness questionnaire was used to understand the behavioral patterns of the construction industry, and to clarify possible proactive and reactive measures against internal fraud and corruption. The type of fraud experienced by Turkish construction companies was also surveyed in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent to 89 firms; and depending on the collected data, certain recommendations for construction industry professionals were provided. PMID:22371033

Gunduz, Murat; Önder, Oytun

2013-06-01

135

Gender and Cultural Differences in the 12Month Prevalence of Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts in Swedish and Turkish Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the prevalence rates of suicidal thoughts and attempts among 966 Swedish and 959 Turkish (N = 1925) high school students. Nearly equal percentages of Swedish (23.2%) and Turkish (25.7%) students reported having had thoughts of killing themselves during the past 12 months. Turkish students reported greater current suicidal ideation than their Swedish peers. Significantly more Turkish (4.6%)

Mehmet Eskin

1999-01-01

136

Type 2 diabetes in Belgians of Turkish and Moroccan origin  

PubMed Central

Objectives To compare the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 74 years of the Turkish and Moroccan communities in Belgium with the prevalence in native Belgians. To examine the determinants and specific mechanisms responsible for differences in diabetes between these communities. Method Both objectives were examined using the Health Interview Surveys of 1997, 2001 and 2004. Stepwise logistic regression analyses were performed with diabetes as the outcome variable. The variables 'age', 'sex', 'ethnic origin', 'body mass index', 'lack of physical activity', 'educational attainment' and 'income' were introduced in the model in consecutive steps. Results In 35- to 74-year-olds, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is higher in Belgians of Tur-kish and Moroccan origin than in native Belgians. In native Belgian men, the prevalence amounts to 5.0%. In 35- to 74-year-old men of Turkish and Moroccan origin, the diabetes prevalence is 5.8% and 6.5% respectively. 4.3%, 18.7% and 11.9% of the women of Belgian, Turkish and Moroccan origin respectively suffer from diabetes. In men, differences in the prevalence of diabetes are strongly reduced after controlling for lack of physical activity and educational attainment. In women, differences remain high, although they become smaller after accounting for BMI and educational attainment. Conclusions In men, the differences in diabetes prevalence are explained by lifestyle factors and educational attainment. In women, the community differences in diabetes prevalence persist, although lifestyle factors and educational attainment play an important part in understanding these differences.

2009-01-01

137

Non-isothermal pyrolysis kinetics of three Turkish oil shales  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetric analysis (t.g.a.) was conducted to determine the overall kinetics of pyrolysis of three Turkish oil shales: Beypazari, Seyitömer and Himmeto?lu. The integral method was used in the analysis of the t.g.a. data to determine first-order pyrolysis kinetics. Particle sizes of 0.7, 1.3 and 2.6 mm and final temperatures of 400, 550 and 700°C were

Ö. Murat Do?an; B. Zühtü Uysal

1996-01-01

138

Characteristics of the Turkish Isolates of Francisella tularensis  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY: In this study, cultures of patients with tularemia were evaluated, and antimicrobial susceptibilities of two Francisella tularensis strains were tested by disk diffusion and E-test methods. A high-resolution multiple- locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) comprising six variable-number tandem repeat loci was applied to elucidate the genetic relatedness among Turkish and Bulgarian isolates which were isolated in a recent

Saban Gürcan; Aynur Karadenizli; Todor Kantardjiev; Ivan N. Ivanov

139

European trade in Turkish Salep with special reference to Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of salep (ground orchid bulbs) has a long history in Turkey. The analysis of its trade revealed that it is still used\\u000a there as medicine, drink and as binder in so- called Mara? Ice cream. Substitutes, however, increasingly enter the market.\\u000a Export figures unfortunately do not distinguish between true salep and substitutes. The officially recorded Turkish export\\u000a of

Max Kasparek; Ute Grimm

1999-01-01

140

Interindividual variability of coumarin 7-hydroxylation in a Turkish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred healthy Turkish volunteers (70 male, 30 female) aged from 19 to 56 years were given 5 mg coumarin p.o. after an overnight fast. Urine samples were collected before and 2, 4 and 8 h after drug administration. The extent and rate of formation of 7-OH-coumarin (7OHC) was determined by the urinary excretion of the metabolite as measured with

M. Iscan; H. Rostami; T. Güray; O. Pelkonen; A. Rautio

1994-01-01

141

Reliability and validity of a Turkish version of the DELES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a Turkish version of the Distance Education Learning\\u000a Environment Survey (DELES) in post-secondary distance education. The second aim was to investigate empirically the conceptualisation\\u000a of the distance education learning environment as a singular latent construct, within a second-order factorial structure that\\u000a consists of six first-order factors.

Alev Özkök; Scott L. Walker; ?ener Büyüköztürk

2009-01-01

142

Assessing of energy policies based on Turkish agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the current energy status of Turkey and the effects of national energy policies on Turkish agricultural support policies are discussed for both current and future requirements. Turkey is an energy-importing country producing 30mtoe (million tons of oil equivalent) energy but consuming 80mtoe. The energy import ratio of Turkey is 65–70% and the majority of this import is

Cengiz Sayin; M. Nisa Mencet; Burhan Ozkan

2005-01-01

143

Atmospheric dispersion modeling for an accidental release from the Pakistan Research Reactor1 (PARR1)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atmospheric dispersion modeling and radiation dose calculations have been performed for a postulated accidental airborne radionuclide release from the Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) appropriate to a power upgrade to 10MW. Estimates of releases for various radionuclide groups are based upon US-NRC regulatory guide 1.183. Committed Effective Doses (CEDs) to the public at various downwind distances were calculated using a health

S. Shoaib Raza; M. Iqbal

2005-01-01

144

Corneal endothelial cell density and morphology in healthy Turkish eyes.  

PubMed

Purpose. To describe the normative values of corneal endothelial cell density, morphology, and central corneal thickness in healthy Turkish eyes. Methods. Specular microscopy was performed in 252 eyes of 126 healthy volunteers (M?:?F, 42?:?84). Parameters studied included mean endothelial cell density (MCD), mean cell area (MCA), coefficient of variation (CV) in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and central corneal thickness (CCT). Results. The mean age of volunteers was 44.3 ± 13.5 (range, 20 to 70) years. There was a statistically significant decrease in MCD (P < 0.001; correlation, -0.388) and percentage of hexagonal cells, (P < 0.001; correlation, -0.199) with age. There was also a statistically significant increase in MCA (P < 0.001; correlation, 0.363) with increasing age. There was no statistically significant difference in MCD, MCA, CV in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and CCT between genders and there was also no significant difference in these parameters between fellow eyes of subjects. Conclusions. Normotive data for the endothelium in the Turkish population are reported. Endothelial cell density in the Turkish eyes is less than that described in the Japanese, American, Chinese, and Filipino eyes and higher than that described in Indian, Thai, and Iranian eyes. PMID:24683494

Ar?c?, Ceyhun; Arslan, Osman Sevki; Dikkaya, Funda

2014-01-01

145

Corneal Endothelial Cell Density and Morphology in Healthy Turkish Eyes  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To describe the normative values of corneal endothelial cell density, morphology, and central corneal thickness in healthy Turkish eyes. Methods. Specular microscopy was performed in 252 eyes of 126 healthy volunteers (M?:?F, 42?:?84). Parameters studied included mean endothelial cell density (MCD), mean cell area (MCA), coefficient of variation (CV) in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and central corneal thickness (CCT). Results. The mean age of volunteers was 44.3 ± 13.5 (range, 20 to 70) years. There was a statistically significant decrease in MCD (P < 0.001; correlation, ?0.388) and percentage of hexagonal cells, (P < 0.001; correlation, ?0.199) with age. There was also a statistically significant increase in MCA (P < 0.001; correlation, 0.363) with increasing age. There was no statistically significant difference in MCD, MCA, CV in cell size, percentage of hexagonal cells, and CCT between genders and there was also no significant difference in these parameters between fellow eyes of subjects. Conclusions. Normotive data for the endothelium in the Turkish population are reported. Endothelial cell density in the Turkish eyes is less than that described in the Japanese, American, Chinese, and Filipino eyes and higher than that described in Indian, Thai, and Iranian eyes.

Ar?c?, Ceyhun; Arslan, Osman Sevki; Dikkaya, Funda

2014-01-01

146

The Language Proficiency of Turkish Returnees from Germany: An Empirical Investigation of Academic and Everyday Language Proficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the everyday academic language proficiency of German-Turkish Bilinguals who grew up in Germany as children of Turkish immigrants and learned German as a second language. Everyday and academic language proficiency was measured with two different C-tests. Scores obtained were compared with those of a control group of Turkish university…

Daller, Helmut; Grotjahn, Rudiger

1999-01-01

147

Impact of the Headscarf Ban Policy on the Identity Development of Part-Time Unveilers in Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the impact of the Turkish higher education headscarf ban policy on the plural self-identities (i.e., as Turkish citizens, as Muslims, and as females) of part-time unveilers, female students who cover their hair in their private life but who remove the headscarf (or conceal it to appear unveiled) while at a Turkish…

Seggie, Fatma Nevra; Austin, Ann E.

2010-01-01

148

Gender Differences in Attachment Styles regarding Conflict Handling Behaviors among Turkish Late Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to examine gender differences in attachment styles and explore the relationship between attachment styles and preference for conflict handling behavior in close relationships among Turkish adolescents. The participants comprised 371 Turkish undergraduate students (252 females and 119 males; with a mean age of 21.98 years;…

Karairmak, Ozlem; Duran, Nagihan Oguz

2008-01-01

149

The Process of Supervision in the Turkish Educational System: Purpose, Structure, Operation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to provide information on the purposes, structure and operation of the process of supervision in the Turkish educational system. In this paper, the historical development of supervision services in the Turkish educational system, as well as the purposes and principles of educational supervision in Turkey and the structure…

Memduhoglu, Hasan Basri; Aydin, Inayet; Yilmaz, Kursad; Gungor, Sabri; Oguz, Ebru

2007-01-01

150

A Content Analysis of Turkish Newspapers: Prevalence of Articles Containing Health Information Related to Physical Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was retrospective in design and the purpose was to review health information related to PA (physical activity) in articles of Turkish newspapers. The search covered newspaper articles printed between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 in all Turkish newspapers that are accessible via the electronic newspaper database. Four daily…

Koksal, Leyla; Subasi, Feryal; Luleci, Emel; Hey, William

2012-01-01

151

Disintegration and Violence among Migrants in Germany: Turkish and Russian Youths versus German Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish and Russian immigrants are the two largest groups of immigrants in Germany, but there are some important differences regarding their legal status. Although most of the Turkish adolescents were born in Germany, few of them have German citizenship. In contrast, most of the Russian youths were born outside Germany, but they mostly possess…

Baier, Dirk; Pfeiffer, Christian

2008-01-01

152

The Turkish handmade carpet industry: an analysis in comparison with select Asian countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the Turkish handmade carpet industry and to compare it with select Far East countries. In particular, the Turkish handmade carpet industry is compared with the handmade carpet industries of Iran, India, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nepal. In this context, the determinants of handmade carpets in the US market are analyzed empirically.

Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin; Ender Demir; Marco Chi Keung Lau

2011-01-01

153

Turkish versions of To the lighthouse from the perspective of modernism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the reception of modernism in Turkey, from the tracks of the Turkish versions of Virginia Woolf's To the lighthouse. Accordingly, it compares the Turkish versions of To the lighthouse (from 1944 to 2000), so as to reveal the way in which ‘modernism’ has been perceived as a literary genre, and the stages it has gone through

Mine Yaz?c?

2010-01-01

154

Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

Adalier, Ahmet

2012-01-01

155

The Inner Self Desires a Friendly Chat: Chat Metaphors in Turkish and English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a cross-cultural contrastive analysis of chat and its dictionary translation sohbet in Turkish. It aims to find out the source domains in the metaphorical expressions of chat in Turkish and English and what these source domains reflect regarding the two cultures because it is believed that metaphor is not just “in the heads” as a figure of

Hümeyra Can; Nilüfer Can

2010-01-01

156

The Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory. The sample of the study consisted of 607 university students. Results of language equivalence indicated that the correlations between Turkish and English forms of the MAI were quite high (r = 0.93). As a result of a series of…

Akin, Ahmet; Abaci, Ramazan; Cetin, Bayram

2007-01-01

157

Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in…

Ulusoy, Kadir

2011-01-01

158

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

159

Determination of Career Planning Profiles of Turkish Athletes Who Are Ranked in the Olympics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study researched in the level of career planning of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics during the time they were active in sports and after they retired. This study which aimed to determine the career planning efficiency of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics based on the viewpoints of the athletes holding Olympic degree is scanning…

Hulya, Bingol; Cemal, Gundogdu; Sukru, Bingol

2012-01-01

160

Cystic Fibrosis Mutations and Associated Haplotypes in Turkish Cystic Fibrosis Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification of mutations causing cystic fibrosis (CF) in the Turkish population is essential for assessment of the molecular basis of CF in Turkey and the development of strategies for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling. Here, we present an updated report of mutations found in the Turkish CF population from an extensive screening study of the entire coding region, including exon-intron

Tuncer Onay; Julian Zielenski; Ozlem Topaloglu; Nalan Gokgoz; Huyla Kayserili; Memnune Yuksel Apak; Yildiz Camcioglu; Haluk Cokugras; Necla Akcakaya; Lap-Chee Tsui; Betul Kirdar

2011-01-01

161

Cystic Fibrosis Mutations and Associated Haplotypes in Turkish Cystic Fibrosis Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

6 Abstract Identification of mutations causing cystic fibrosis (CF) in the Turkish population is essential for assessment of the molecular basis of CF in Turkey and the development of strategies for prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling. Here, we present an updated report of mutations found in the Turkish CF population from an extensive screening study of the entire coding region,

TUNCER ONAY; JULIAN ZIELENSKI; OZLEM TOPALOGLU; NALAN GOKGOZ; MEMNUNE YUKSEL APAK; YILDIZ CAMCIOGLU; HALUK COKUGRAS; NECLA AKCAKAYA; LAP-CHEE TSUI; BETUL KIRDAR

2001-01-01

162

Heavy metals in organisms and sediments from Turkish Coast of the Black Sea, 1997–1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the period 1997–1998, macroalgae, sea snail, mussel, fish and sediment samples were collected at different stations of the Turkish Black Sea coast in order to establish the concentration of selected heavy metals. Heavy metals analyzed were Cd, Co, Cr, Ni, Zn, Fe, Mn, Pb and Cu. The results showed that the Turkish Black Sea coast is facing heavy metal

S Topcuo?lu; Ç K?rba?o?lu; N Güngör

2002-01-01

163

Reviewing Sonority for Word-Final Sonorant+Obstruent Consonant Cluster Development in Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the acquisition patterns of sonorant+obstruent coda clusters in Turkish to determine whether Turkish data support the prediction the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP) makes as to which consonant (i.e. C1 or C2) is more likely to be preserved in sonorant+obstruent clusters, and the error patterns of…

Topbas, Seyhun; Kopkalli-Yavuz, Handan

2008-01-01

164

Language Proficiency and Socio-Cultural Orientation of Turkish and Moroccan Youngsters in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherlands. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in…

Extra, Guus; Yagmur, Kutlay

2010-01-01

165

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

166

Teachers' Views on the Applicability of the Turkish Course Curriculum in Crowded Primary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present study investigated relationships between classroom overcrowding and the Turkish education curriculum (2006) in terms of the applicability of activity-based lower secondary Turkish education curriculum in overcrowded classes. In addition, the problems that occur in the teaching process and the sufficiency of time for the program were…

Yaman, Havva

2009-01-01

167

Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

2012-01-01

168

The Adaptation of Creativity Fostering Primary Teachers Index Scale into Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt the creativity fostering teacher index scale into Turkish. For the language equivalence, firstly, the English version of the scale was translated by 30 English lecturers and then the Turkish version of the scale retranslated by the same lecturers. Later, the scale was applied to 288 teachers working in Nigde…

Dikici, Ayhan

2013-01-01

169

Reasons for Errors Done by Belarusian Learners Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language (TFL) has gained importance recently and several studies are carried out in this field. Especially, learners of linguistically different communities (Byelorussian/Russian) are observed to make errors while learning Turkish. If making errors is an integral outcome in learning a TFL, then to what extent is it…

Tum, Gulden

2012-01-01

170

Preferences of Turkish Language Teachers for the Assessment-Evaluation Tools and Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine the rate of teachers' use of assessment and evaluation tools given in 2005 curriculum of Turkish language teaching. To this end; we presented a list of assessment and evaluation tools on the basis of random sampling to 216 teachers of Turkish who work in Ordu, Samsun, Ankara, Trabzon and Istanbul…

Guney, Nail

2013-01-01

171

Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

172

Comparing the earthquake exposed and non-exposed Turkish children's Post Traumatic Stress Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unfortunately, Turkey is stretched out on the earthquake fault line; therefore, Turkish children are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) caused by earthquake exposures and the threats of the anticipated earthquakes as well as aftershocks. This current study aimed at identifying PTSD reactions of disaster exposed and non-exposed Turkish children after the big 1999 Marmara earthquakes in the

Sefa Bulut

2006-01-01

173

The Personality and Leadership Style of Recep Tayyip Erdo?an: Implications for Turkish Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recep Tayyip Erdo?an is clearly the most controversial figure in recent Turkish political history. His preponderance in political life is remarkable even by Turkish standards. Because Erdo?an is so powerful and has effectively weakened most internal checks on his power, any attempt to explain Turkey's recent foreign policy outcomes will be seriously lacking without considering his leadership impact. The purpose

Aylin ?. Görener; Meltem ?. Ucal

2011-01-01

174

Taking it to the grave: gender, cultural capital, and ethnicity in Turkish death announcements.  

PubMed

Popularly considered a great equalizer, death and the rituals around it nevertheless accentuate social distinctions. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2554) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2006. Out of the liminal position of Turkish death announcements between obituaries and death notices emerges a large decentralized collection of private decisions responding to death, reflecting attitudes toward gender, ethnic/religious minority status and cultural capital, and echoing the aggregate efforts of privileged groups to maintain a particular self-image. Class closures lead to openings for traditionally under-represented minorities, such as Jewish Turkish citizens and citizens of Greek or Armenian origin. Results reveal that signs of status and power in announcements are largely monopolized by men of Turkish-Muslim origins. Although the changes in the genre-characteristics of death announcements are slow, they correspond to major turning points in Turkish social history. PMID:20222236

Ergin, Murat

175

Depressive disorder among Turkish women in the Netherlands: a qualitative study of idioms of distress.  

PubMed

The provision of mental health services to immigrants in the Netherlands is hampered by difficulty in establishing valid diagnoses of psychiatric disorders. To improve the process of diagnosing depressive disorder among Turkish women in Dutch mental healthcare, we conducted a qualitative study of women with depression in Rotterdam. A bilingual Turkish-Dutch diagnostic interview was developed to explore Turkish women's idioms of distress. Interviews were conducted with 20 women with a disputed diagnosis of depression. Results showed that distress among the Turkish women was characterized by a wide range of somatic complaints, with anxiety and agitation occurring as frequently as depressive complaints. Because the range of complaints is so varied, major depression may be underdiagnosed in the Turkish immigrant population. PMID:22016465

Borra, Ria

2011-11-01

176

Comparison of Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms between Turkish and European-American Adults  

PubMed Central

One of the most important components of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is the evaluation of the patient's soft tissue profile. The main purpose of this study was to develop soft-tissue cephalometric standards for Turkish men and women and compare them with the cephalometric standards of normal European-American white people. The sample included 96 Turkish adults (48 women, 48 men), aged 20 to 27 years. Turkish subjects have increased facial convexity associated with retruded mandible, more obtuse lower face-throat angle, increased nasolabial angle and upper lip protrusion, deeper mentolabial sulcus, and smaller interlabial gap compared with European-American white people. It is appropriate to consider these differences during routine diagnosis and treatment planning of a Turkish patient or an American patient of European ancestry. Turkish males reveal more obtuse mandibular prognathism and upper lip protrusion, and smaller nasolabial angle than females.

Celebi, Ahmet Arif; Tan, Enes; Gelgor, Ibrahim Erhan; Colak, Tugba; Ayyildiz, Erdem

2013-01-01

177

Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma  

PubMed Central

Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted.

Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y. Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A. Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R.; Pass, Harvey I.; Rivera, Zeyana S.; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

2011-01-01

178

Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma.  

PubMed

Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R; Pass, Harvey I; Rivera, Zeyana S; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

2011-08-16

179

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail [Council of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul (Turkey); Uner, H. Bulent [Institute of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

2007-04-23

180

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

2007-04-01

181

Wellness and Self-esteem Among Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four\\u000a of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms\\u000a of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a short-form\\u000a of the Wellness Inventory (WI-30). The results of ANOVA showed

Nagihan Oguz-Duran; Esin Tezer

2009-01-01

182

Statistical shape analysis of nose in Turkish young adults.  

PubMed

There are several anthropometric studies regarding the nose, however none of them involves data about a statistical shape analysis. In this study, a landmark-based geometric morphometric technique was used to analyze the nasal shapes in a young Turkish adult population.A population of 75 female and 75 male volunteer Turkish young adults whose ages ranged 18-39 years (24.82 +/- 5.64 year) was examined. The stratified sampling method was used to determine the subjects according to the seven main geographic regions of Turkey. All data was obtained from standardized digital photographic images taken from anterior, lateral and inferior aspects by using standard anthropometric measurement methods. Euclidean Distance Matrix Analysis (EDMA) is used to calculate all possible linear distances among landmarks by creating matrixes for each subject.Today, the anthropometric methods and surgical practice intersected at a point to treat the congenital or post-traumatic facial disfigurements in various racial or ethnic groups. Rhinoplasty surgeons require access to facial databases based on accurate anthropometric measurements to perform optimum correction in both sexes. There should be some points brought to mind during the cosmetic nasal surgery for men because of different expectations, which is not technically different from the one for women. This study is a way to clarify these important points and a basis for further clinical studies enhancing the plans of the corrective surgery. PMID:17251867

Ercan, Ilker; Etoz, Abdullah; Guney, Ibrahim; Ocakoglu, Gokhan; Turan-Ozdemir, Senem; Kan, Ismet; Kahveci, Ramazan

2007-01-01

183

Common Familial Mediterranean Fever gene mutations in a Turkish cohort.  

PubMed

Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder with the responsible gene of MEFV which primarily affects Jewish, Armenian, Turkish and Arab populations. The FMF gene (MEFV) has recently been cloned to chromosome 16 p, which encodes pyrin. In the present study, we enrolled 2,067 unrelated patients with the suspicion of FMF in Middle Anatolia between the years 2006-2009 and identified the 12 MEFV mutations. DNA was amplified by PCR and subjected to reverse hybridization for the detection of MEFV gene mutations. Among the 2,067 patients, 866 (41.9%) were males and 1,201 (58.1%) were females. The mutations were homozygous in 176 (16.85%) patients, compound heterozygous in 314 (30.1%) patients, heterozygous in 546 (52.25%) patients and the other forms of mutations were found in 8 patients (0.76%). No mutation was detected in 1,023 (49.5%) patients. The most frequent mutations were M694V, M680I (G/C), E148Q and V726A. We could not find any significant differences between the two common mutations according to the gender. The high incidence of MEFV gene mutations in the Turkish population indicated that newborn screening may be discussed in the future. Because of the ethnic origin of Anatolia, larger serial analyses are necessary to investigate the rate and coexistence of these mutations. PMID:21153919

Dundar, Munis; Emirogullari, Elif Funda; Kiraz, Aslihan; Taheri, Serpil; Baskol, Mevlut

2011-11-01

184

Current Titles in Turkish Science. Volume 6. Numbers 7-9, July-August-September 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monthly issues include journal articles, proceedings, reports, government documents, thesis and reprints of articles and other papers by Turkish authors published in foreign journals. Generally the material must have been published in the current year...

1979-01-01

185

Effects of National Cultures in Contract Negotiations: A Study of Turkish and American Cultures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the impact of national cultures in international contract negotiations. The main focus, however, is negotiations between Turkish and American entities. The key cultural differences between the two societies are determined by a cultura...

M. Kutlu

1999-01-01

186

Change in value orientations of Turkish youth from 1989 to 1995.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in value orientations of Turkish youth from 1989 to 1995 and to see how changes in Turkish society affected the value orientations of Turkish youth. The Rokeach Value Survey (RVS; M. Rokeach, 1973) was administered in Ankara to 289 young people in 1989, to 318 young people in 1992, and to 397 young people in 1995. Results indicated that the value orientations of the Turkish youth in 1989 underwent major changes that were manifested in 1992, toward a more competitive and individualistic orientation. Similar characteristics were reflected in the value priorities of the young people in 1995, which indicates that values are modified to fit the changes the society experiences. PMID:10907707

Cileli, M

2000-05-01

187

Psychometric Evaluation of the T-CSUQ: The Turkish Version of the Computer Satisfaction Usability Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the development of a standardized computer satisfaction usability questionnaire for use with speakers of the Turkish language, the Turkish Computer System Usability Questionnaire, Short Version (T-CSUQ-SV). This new questionnaire, based on the English-language CSUQ, underwent careful translation and transformation through comprehensive psychometric evaluation. The results of the psychometric evaluation revealed an acceptable level of reliability,

O?uzhan Erdinç; James R. Lewis

2012-01-01

188

DNA haplotype analysis at the phenylalanine hydroxylase locus in the Turkish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Thirty-nine Turkish phenylketonuria (PKU) families were investigated for their DNA haplotypes at the phenylalanine hydroxylase\\u000a (PAH) locus. There was a threefold higher incidence of consanguinity in the population studied compared with the general Turkish\\u000a population. The PAH DNA haplotype 6 was found to be almost exclusively associated not only with the mutant PAH genes but also\\u000a with the classic phenotype

Uta Lichter-Konecki; Magdalena Schlotter; Canan Yaylak; Meral Özgüç; Turgay Çoskun; Imran Özalp; Udo Wendel; Ulrich Batzler; Friedrich K. Trefz; David Konecki

1989-01-01

189

At Least Six Different Mutations in HEXAGene Cause Tay-Sachs Disease among the Turkish Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five Turkish infants with Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) have been diagnosed in the past 8 years. All are from consanguineous, nonrelated families. The present study deals with the molecular basis of six Turkish TSD patients from five unrelated families in which the parents were first cousins. The five mutations identified in this study were INS-5 G?A, R393X, R137X, 12-bp deletion in

H. Asuman Özkara; Ruth Navon

1998-01-01

190

Cancer mortality patterns among Turkish immigrants in four European countries and in Turkey.  

PubMed

The aim of this study on cancer mortality among Turkish immigrants, for the first time, traditional comparisons in migrant health research have been extended simultaneously in two ways. First, comparisons were made to cancer mortality from the immigrants' country of origin and second, cancer mortality among Turkish immigrants across four host countries (Belgium, Denmark, France and the Netherlands) was compared. Population-based cancer mortality data from these countries were included. Age-standardized mortality rates were computed for the local-born and Turkish population of each country. Relative differences in cancer mortality were examined by fitting country-specific Poisson regression models. Globocan data on cancer mortality in Turkey from 2008 were used in order to compare mortality rates of Turkish immigrants with those from their country of origin. Turkish immigrants had lower all-cancer mortality than the local-born populations of their host countries, and mortality levels comparable to all-cancer mortality rates in Turkey. In the Netherlands and France breast cancer mortality was consistently lower in Turkish immigrants women than among local-born women. Lung cancer mortality was slightly lower in Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands and France but varied considerably between migrants in these two host countries. Stomach cancer mortality was significantly higher in Turkish immigrants when compared to local-born French and Dutch. Our findings indicate that exposures both in the country of origin and in the host country can have an effect on the cancer mortality of immigrants. Despite limitations affecting any cross-country comparison of mortality, the innovative multi-comparison approach is a promising way to gain further insights into determinants of trends in cancer mortality of immigrants. PMID:23179631

Spallek, Jacob; Arnold, Melina; Razum, Oliver; Juel, Knud; Rey, Grégoire; Deboosere, Patrick; Mackenbach, Johan Pieter; Kunst, Anton Eduard

2012-12-01

191

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychiatric symptomatology were investigated in a Turkish college sample of 350 participants (233 females and 117 males). The data were collected with the Turkish version of Tobacyks revised Paranormal Belief Scale (PBS-R), Rotters Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (IELOC), and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Small but significant positive correlations between the

I Dag

1999-01-01

192

Turkish Fingerspelling Recognition System Using Axis of Least Inertia Based Fast Alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Fingerspelling is used in sign language to spell out names of people and places for which there is no sign or for which the\\u000a sign is not known. In this work we describe a Turkish fingerspelling recognition system that recognizes all 29 letters of\\u000a the Turkish alphabet. A single representative frame is extracted from the sign video, since that frame

Oguz Altun; Songül Albayrak; Ali Ekinci; Behzat Bükün

2006-01-01

193

Suicidal behavior and attitudes in Slovak and Turkish high school students: a cross-cultural investigation.  

PubMed

Suicidal behavior and its variation across social contexts are of importance for the science of suicidology. Due to its special character controlled experimental studies on suicide are ruled out for ethical reasons. Cross-cultural studies may throw light on the etiology of both suicidal behavior and its cross-cultural variation. The present study compared suicidal behavior and attitudes in 423 Slovak and 541 Turkish high school students by means of a self-report questionnaire. The two groups reported similar percentages (Slovak = 36.4%; Turkish = 33.8%) of lifetime, past 12-months or current suicidal ideation but significantly more Turkish (12.2%) than Slovak (4.8%) students reported lifetime or past 12-months suicide attempts. Slovak adolescents displayed more liberal and permissive attitudes toward suicide, while those of Turkish adolescents were more rejecting. Turkish students rated themselves to be more religious and hence they believed to a greater extent that suicidal persons would be punished in a life after death than their Slovak peers. However, attitudes of Turkish students toward an imagined suicidal close friend were more accepting than the attitudes of Slovak students. Comparison of suicidal and nonsuicidal students revealed that those reporting suicidal ideation or attempts were more accepting of suicide and viewed suicide as a solution to a greater extent than the nonsuicidal ones. The results from this study suggest that cultural factors play a role in suicidal behavior, attitudes and reactions in a predicted direction. PMID:24350593

Eskin, Mehmet; Palova, Eva; Krokavcova, Martina

2014-01-01

194

Prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger in Turkish prisoners.  

PubMed

In Turkey, prison studies are rare and the mental health status of prisoners has not received proper attention. The purpose of this cross-sectional and descriptive study was to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, and anger among a group of Turkish prisoners. Two self-reporting instruments (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-42 and Multidimensional Anger Scale) were filled out by 685 prisoners. Prisoners in the study group were found to be depressive, anxious, and stressed. Anger symptoms and aggressive behaviors were found to be at a moderate level. Prisoners with a history of being subjected to domestic violence in childhood had higher depression, anxiety, and stress scores than those without such a history. Young prisoners, those who had been previously imprisoned, with substance dependency and higher stress and anxiety levels reported more anger symptoms than others. Psychological support, together with stress and anger management programs, seems to be essential. PMID:23682918

Unver, Yener; Yuce, Mehmet; Bayram, Nuran; Bilgel, Nazan

2013-09-01

195

Evaluation of Turkish National Strong Ground Motion Network Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The strong ground motion records archieved in the Turkish National Strong Ground Motion Network database and Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Strong Ground Motion Network database have been analysed in order to extract some regional characterisitics of the records and to evaluate existing attenuation relationships. The strong ground motion data of (M2.2-M7.4) earthquakes recorded from 1976 to 2007 have been analysed and engineering parameters extracted. The engineering parameters obtained from the process include peak ground motion parameters such as PGA, PGV, PGD, spectral parameters such as Sa, Sd, ground motion duration and intensity estimations. In total 6762(2254 x 3) strong ground motion records with epicentral distance varying from 8.7km to 250km have been studied. The calculated parameters have been used in the evaluation and comparision of ground motion prediction equations which are used in the formation of real-time ground motion parameters and intensity maps.

Zulfikar, C.; Kamer, Y.; Erdik, M. O.

2011-12-01

196

Secondary metabolites of Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species.  

PubMed

In the present study, the presence of the phloroglucinol derivative hyperforin, the naphthodianthrones hypericin and pseudohypericin, the phenylpropane chlorogenic acid and the flavonoids rutin, hyperoside, kaempferol, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine was investigated in Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species for the first time. The aerial parts representing a total of 30 individuals were collected at full flowering and dissected into floral, leaf, and stem tissues. After being dried at room temperature, the plant materials were assayed for secondary metabolite concentrations by HPLC. Aerial plant parts accumulated chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine, but they did not accumulate hyperforin, hypericin, pseudohypericin, rutin, and kaempferol. Accumulation levels of the detected compounds varied with plant tissues. Such kind of data could be useful for elucidation of the chemotaxonomical significance of the corresponding compounds and phytochemical evaluation of this endemic species. PMID:22649295

Camas, Necdet; Radusiene, Jolita; Stanius, Zydrunas; Caliskan, Omer; Cirak, Cuneyt

2012-01-01

197

Secondary Metabolites of Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an Endemic Turkish Species  

PubMed Central

In the present study, the presence of the phloroglucinol derivative hyperforin, the naphthodianthrones hypericin and pseudohypericin, the phenylpropane chlorogenic acid and the flavonoids rutin, hyperoside, kaempferol, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine was investigated in Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species for the first time. The aerial parts representing a total of 30 individuals were collected at full flowering and dissected into floral, leaf, and stem tissues. After being dried at room temperature, the plant materials were assayed for secondary metabolite concentrations by HPLC. Aerial plant parts accumulated chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine, but they did not accumulate hyperforin, hypericin, pseudohypericin, rutin, and kaempferol. Accumulation levels of the detected compounds varied with plant tissues. Such kind of data could be useful for elucidation of the chemotaxonomical significance of the corresponding compounds and phytochemical evaluation of this endemic species.

Camas, Necdet; Radusiene, Jolita; Stanius, Zydrunas; Caliskan, Omer; Cirak, Cuneyt

2012-01-01

198

Suicidal behavior among Turkish patients with Parkinson's disease  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the predictors of suicidal ideation and attempts among Turkish Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. Materials and methods The study comprised 120 patients with PD. Clinical findings were obtained by using the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. Disease severity was measured by the Hoehn and Yahr staging scale, and the Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living scale was used for patient disability. Psychiatric evaluation was performed by the same psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) Axis I Disorders. Severity of depression was measured with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Suicidal ideation and attempts were considered positive if experienced during the patient’s lifetime. The Suicide Probability Scale was used to assess the risk of suicide. Data were analyzed by logistic regression models to identify variables associated with suicidal ideation and attempts. Results Based on logistic regression analysis, education level, age of disease onset, disease duration, depression, and history of impulse-control disorder (ICD) behaviors were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. The risk rate in the presence of depression and history of ICD behaviors was increased by 5.92 and 4.97, respectively. Additionally, lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation was found in 11.6% (14 of 120) of PD patients, although no patient had ever attempted suicide. Conclusion Turkish patients with PD who exhibit a high risk for suicidal ideation also experience disease starting at an earlier age, longer disease duration, presence of depression, and ICD behaviors, and should be monitored carefully.

Ozdilek, Betul; Gultekin, Bulent Kadri

2014-01-01

199

Ethnopharmacy of Turkish-speaking Cypriots in Greater London.  

PubMed

For centuries, in the Eastern Mediterranean region, medicinal plant use has been widely accepted as a treatment method for both minor and major diseases. Although some knowledge exists on the use of such medicinal plants within the Greek Cypriot culture and considerable information is available on various regions in Turkey, no detailed ethnopharmaceutical or ethnobotanical studies exist on Turkish-speaking Cypriots (TSC) both in Cyprus and within one of the largest TSC migrant communities in London, UK. Semi-structured interviews with members of the TSC community in London were conducted by using a questionnaire consisting both of open and closed questions. Open questions were aimed at identifying herbs, spices, medicinal plants and their uses. Also, graded questions were used to define informants' opinions as a quantitative parameter, constructing a statistical basis. A wide range of therapeutic claims were recorded, including 13 chronic illnesses within 85 different plant species, of which 18 were cited more than 10 times. The most frequently mentioned species were Mentha spicata, Salvia fruticosa and Pimpinella anisum. The plants recorded are frequently based on knowledge derived from Turkish-Cypriot traditions, but many examples of medicinal plants with a use based on UK or general western herbal medical traditions were also recorded. Informants highlighted the risk of knowledge loss in younger generations and thus this study serves as a repository of knowledge for use in the future. Due to a lack of knowledge about such usages in the healthcare professions, our study also highlights the need to develop information sources for use by healthcare practitioners in order to raise awareness about benefits and risks of such medical and health food products. PMID:19827023

Yöney, Ahmet; Prieto, José M; Lardos, Andreas; Heinrich, Michael

2010-05-01

200

Vibration Analysis of Primary Inlet Pipeline of Pakistan Research Reactor1 during Steady State and Transient Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) has been converted to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel and upgraded to a maximum power level of 9MW. During conversion and upgradation most of the reactor systems were modified and several additional facilities were provided. Major changes were carried out in the cooling system. These include installation of new primary pumps, set of heat exchanger assemblies,

S. K. AYAZUDDIN; A. A. QURESHI; T. HAYAT

1998-01-01

201

Analysis of Accidents at the Pakistan Research Reactor1 Using Proposed Mixed-Fuel (HEU and LEU) Core  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) was converted from highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel in 1991. The reactor is running successfully, with an upgraded power level of 10 MW. To save money on the purchase of costly fresh LEU fuel elements, the use of less burnt HEU spent fuel elements along with the present LEU fuel elements

Bokhari; Ishtiaq H

2004-01-01

202

Translation and validation of the EORTC QLQ-C30 for use among Turkish and Moroccan ethnic minority cancer patients in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to validate the core EORTC quality of life questionnaire, the QLQ-C30 (version 3.0), for use among Turkish and Moroccan cancer patients in the Netherlands. The questionnaire was translated into two oral Moroccan languages , and the existing Turkish version was culturally adapted for use in the Netherlands. Ninety Turkish and 79 Moroccan patients completed

R. Hoopman; M. J. Muller; C. B. Terwee; N. K. Aaronson

2006-01-01

203

Intercultural Transmission of Collectivism and Achievement Values in Two Acculturation Contexts: The Case of Turkish Families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan Families in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the impact of immigrant parents' goals and acculturation contexts on family value transmission, surveying Turkish parent-child dyads in the Netherlands. Across cultures, parents' collectivism values were transmitted. Parental goals mediated value transmission. Transmission was significant after controlling for gender and education.…

Phalet, Karen; Schonpflug, Ute

2001-01-01

204

Teaching Word Stress to Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) Learners through Internet-Based Video Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to elicit problem causing word stress patterns for Turkish EFL (English as a foreign language) learners and investigate whether Internet-based pronunciation lesson is superior to traditional pronunciation lesson in terms of enhancing Turkish EFL learners' accurate production of stressed syllables in English words. A…

Hismanoglu, Murat

2012-01-01

205

Dominated Consumer Acculturation: The Social Construction of Poor Migrant Women's Consumer Identity Projects in a Turkish Squatter  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conduct an ethnographic case study of poor migrant women living in a Turkish squatter to explore how consumer acculturation operates in this important context. Poor migrants have no choice but to engage Turkish consumer culture because it is hegemonic and it conflicts ideologically with their village culture, and they do so with few resources. Our dominated consumer acculturation model

Tuba stner

2007-01-01

206

Targeting and Fire Control System Analysis of the New Turkish Attack Helicopter 'The AH-1Z King Cobra'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May of 1997, the Turkish Military issued a Request for Proposal for the purchase of 145 attack helicopters. Turkey has chosen Bell Helicopter's KingCobra as its attack helicopter. The major difference between the USMC version of AH-1Z and the Turkish v...

G. L. Reyhan

2001-01-01

207

Development of Social Studies Curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey's Effect on the Modernization of Turkish Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the historical development, status and purpose of the Turkish social studies curriculum in addition to understanding John Dewey's impact on the modernization of Turkish educational system. Document analysis as a qualitative research method is used in this study. The data were obtained from the…

Tarman, Bulent

2011-01-01

208

Essential Oil Composition of Greek (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) and Turkish (O. onites) Oregano: a Tool for Their Distinction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aiming to find out if any distinction between the Greek (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) and Turkish oregano (O. onites) essential oils exists, the composition of six wild Greek populations of the former and four of the latter taxon were analyzed by means of GC and GC\\/MS. A PCA analysis showed that Turkish oregano oils had higher amounts of sabinene, myrcene,

Stella Kokkini; Regina Karousou; Effie Hanlidou; Tom Lanaras

2004-01-01

209

Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

2007-01-01

210

Morphological Cues vs. Number of Nominals in Learning Verb Types in Turkish: The Syntactic Bootstrapping Mechanism Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The syntactic bootstrapping mechanism of verb learning was evaluated against child-directed speech in Turkish, a language with rich morphology, nominal ellipsis and free word order. Machine-learning algorithms were run on transcribed caregiver speech directed to two Turkish learners (one hour every two weeks between 0;9 to 1;10) of different…

Ural, A. Engin; Yuret, Deniz; Ketrez, F. Nihan; Kocbas, Dilara; Kuntay, Aylin C.

2009-01-01

211

The Educational Problems of the Turkish Citizens Living in Switzerland in the Process of Adjustment to Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every society experiences migration and influxes of immigrants. The most common reasons for migration include political and economic obligations as well as wishing access to better educational opportunities. Although the concept of migration is as old as human history, Turkish society encountered the concept after World War II. Two million Turkish…

Ari, Asim

2007-01-01

212

The Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Version of the Online Technologies Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to adapt a scale of self-efficacy towards online technologies which was developed by Miltiadou and Yu (2000) to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, first, the scale items were translated to Turkish by the researchers. Then, a translation form was further developed by consulting eight specialists. These English and…

Horzum, Mehmet Baris; Cakir, Ozlem

2009-01-01

213

Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

Oztemel, Kemal

2013-01-01

214

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

215

Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

Dede, Yuksel

2013-01-01

216

Türkçe Makalelerin Dergilere Da˜ ilimi ve Bradford Yasasi* Scatter of Turkish Articles to Journals and the Bradford Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bibliometric findings obtained through the analyses of articles published in journals are used to create scientific and technological road maps and to develop collection management policies in libraries. Yet such analytical studies reviewing the bibliometric characteristics of Turkish articles are scarce. This paper tests if the distribution of some 518,000 Turkish articles to journals conforms to the Bradford Law. Data

Yaar Tonta

217

Standards of soft tissue Arnett analysis for surgical planning in Turkish adults.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were (1) to establish standards for Arnett soft tissue cephalometric analysis of Anatolian Turkish young adults and (2) to identify possible gender differences between males and females. After analysing the cephalometric radiographs of 350 individuals, 133 subjects (67 males, mean age 22.6 +/- 2.2 years, and 66 females, mean age 22.1 +/- 2.6 years) with normal antero-posterior and vertical skeletal relationships were selected. The true vertical line was established. The landmarks were marked and soft tissue facial analysis was performed. For statistical evaluation, an independent-samples t-test was used. The lower lip thickness of the Turkish population was lower and menton thickness was greater than Arnett's norms. Turkish subjects have depressed orbital rims, cheek bones, subpupils, upright and thin upper and lower lips, retruded incisors, and pogonion and point B. Most of the Turkish mean harmony values were within the range of Arnett's harmony standards. Soft tissue thicknesses were greater and facial lengths, except upper incisor exposure, were longer in Turkish males than females. These differences between ethnic groups should be taken into consideration when formulating orthodontic/orthognathic treatment plans for patients with dentofacial deformity. PMID:19482876

Uysal, Tancan; Yagci, Ahmet; Basciftci, Faruk Ayhan; Sisman, Yildiray

2009-08-01

218

Current Observations in the Turkish Straits during EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Straits System (TSS) consists of the Bosphorus Strait, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles Strait and is the only connection between the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Pairs of acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) were deployed at each end of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits as part of the United States Naval Research Laboratory's Exchange Processes in Ocean Straits (EPOS) project. The main objective of EPOS is to understand the synoptic variability of the exchange flows in the TSS by study of the currents, temperature, salinity, and microstructure. In close collaboration with the Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography and the NATO Undersea Research Center (NURC), the R/V Alliance was used for the mooring work and data collection. Eight current moorings were deployed in September 2008 and remained in place for about half a year in the Bosphorus and for one year in the Dardanelles. Nearly full water-column current profiles are used to describe the vertical current structure and the seasonal variability of the two-layer current system. Considerable differences in average flows, current variability, and layer thicknesses were found in both straits. Layer interfaces ranged from about 10 to 20 m depth in the Dardanelles and from 15 to 40 m depth in the Bosphorus. Integral time scales for the along strait current components were 2-4 days for the Dardanelles and 6-9 days for the Bosphorus. Maximum observed currents were 122 cm/s in the Dardanelles and 231 cm/s in the Bosphorus. Largest speeds were observed in the upper layer except for the northern end of the Bosphorus. Greatest range in velocity was at the southern end of the Bosphorus where the currents ranged from -231 to +115 cm/s. Depth dependent processes dominated both straits and were stronger in the Bosphorus. Dynamical processes appeared similar at both ends of the Dardanelles but dynamics were very different between the ends of the Bosphorus, and quite different between the two straits. Numerous current reversals were found in the top layer and, interestingly, can be predicted from the integrated wind stress. We expect that results from this experiment will enhance our understanding of the dynamics in the TSS and will lead to additional field and modeling efforts. This is the first time that comprehensive current measurements coincident to both straits over seasonal time scales have been made.

Teague, William J.; Jarosz, Ewa; Book, Jeffrey W.; Besiktepe, Sukru; Hulbert, Mark; Quaid, Andrew

2010-05-01

219

Initial Experiments on Fuzzy Control for Nuclear Reactor Operations at the Belgian Reactor 1  

SciTech Connect

The application of fuzzy logic control (FLC) in the domain of the nuclear industry presents a tremendous challenge. The main reason for this is the public awareness of the risks of nuclear reactors and the very strict safety regulations in force for nuclear power plants. The very same regulations prevent a researcher from quickly introducing novel control methods into this field. On the other hand, the application of FLC has, despite the ominous sound of the word 'fuzzy' to nuclear engineers, a number of very desirable advantages over classical control, e.g., its robustness and the capability to include human experience into the controller. In this paper an FLC for controlling the power level of a nuclear reactor is described. The study is intended to assess the applicability of FLC in this domain. The final goal is to develop an optimized and intrinsically safe controller. After reviewing some available literature on FLC in nuclear reactors, an FLC is proposed and first tested by comparing it with the classical controller of the Belgian reactor 1 (BR1). In the next step the BR1 at the Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK-CEN) was used as a test bed to implement a programmable logic controller-based hardware controller. The BR1 reactor is internationally regarded as a nuclear calibration reference. It therefore provides an excellent environment for this type of experiment because over the years considerable knowledge of the static and dynamic properties of the reactor has been accumulated. The project (1995-1999) aimed at investigating the added value and technical limits of FLC for nuclear reactor operations. The progress made in these experiments including closed-loop experiments are presented and discussed in this paper.

Da Ruan [Belgian Nuclear Research Center - SCK-CEN (Belgium)

2003-08-15

220

Analysis of Turkish groundwater legislation and policy regarding international principles and conventions.  

PubMed

Water resources have shaped the destinies of societies and affected settlement choice of civilizations for centuries. Demand for them is constantly increasing and this surge has become an important threat for water resources due to those excessive demands and variety of usage types; at the same time, balancing the protection and use of ground and surface waters has become more difficult. The progress in legal and corporate structures for water management has been too slow for a long time. In this study, principles of international conventions on groundwater are compared with the relevant Turkish groundwater legislation, which is in the process of harmonization with European Union (EU) acquis under the scope of Turkey's nomination for EU membership. The purpose of this study is to measure the compliance of Turkish legislation on groundwater with the relevant international principles and conventions, and also to analyze legal loopholes in Turkish legislation in accordance with the international principles and conventions to be determined. PMID:24845334

Elvan, Osman Devrim; Turker, Y Ozhan

2014-01-01

221

Sediment and water discharge rates of Turkish Black Sea rivers before and after hydropower dam construction  

SciTech Connect

Presently, the water discharge rate to the Black Sea by Turkish rivers is approximately 41 km[sup 3]/yr. The sediment discharge rate of Turkish rivers to the Black Sea is 28 x 10[sup 6] t/yr. Before construction of the hydroelectric dams, the sediment discharge rate was approximately 70 x 10[sup 6] t/yr. The sharp reduction in sediment load is largely a result of the dams near the mouths of the Yesil Irmak and Kizil Irmak rivers. Before the construction of dams, Turkish rivers contributed approximately one third of the total amount of sediment received by the Black Sea from all surrounding rivers. The life-span of the major reservoirs varies from approximately only one century (Yesil Irmak river reservoirs) to several thousand years (Sakarya river reservoirs). Life-span for the large Altinkaya Dam reservoir is estimated with approximately 500 yr.

Hay, B.J. (Louis Berger Associates, Inc., Needham, MA (United States))

1994-06-01

222

HLA B-27 Subtypes in Turkish Patients with Spondyloarthropathy and Healthy Controls  

PubMed Central

The frequency and the distribution of HLA-B27 subtypes in spondylarthropathy (SpA) patients and controls were investigated in a sample Turkish population. B27 subtyping was performed by PCR-SSP method in two groups: 49 unrelated HLA-B27 positive Turkish patients with the diagnosis of SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group Criteria, and 55 HLA-B27 positive healthy controls. The frequency of HLA-B?27 was 2.6% in the Turkish population, and B?2705 was the predominant allele among patients with SpA. The difference was mainly between male patients and male controls The proportion of B?2705 among B27-positive patients and controls was significantly different (P = 0.02). Our study supports other reports from different populations which showed that B?2705 and B?2702 were more frequent in Caucasian patients with SpA.

Oguz, Fatma Savran; Ocal, Lale; Diler, Ali Sarper; Ozkul, Hilmi; Asicioglu, Faruk; Kasapoglu, Esen; Bozkurt, Gokay; Konice, Meral; Carin, Mahmut

2004-01-01

223

Assessment of Turkish junior male physicians' exposure to mobbing behavior  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the extent of Turkish junior male physicians’ exposure to mobbing behavior and its correlation with physicians' characteristics. Methods The study included physicians recruited for compulsory military service in April 2009. No sampling method was used, questionnaires were delivered to all physicians, and 278 of 292 (95%) questionnaires were returned. We used Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror including 45 items for data collection and structural equation model for data analysis. Results A total of 87.7% of physicians experienced mobbing behavior. Physicians who worked more than 40 hours a week, single physicians, physicians working in university hospitals and private hospitals, and physicians who did not have occupational commitment were more exposed to mobbing (P??0.05). All goodness-of- fit indices of the model were acceptable (?2?=?1.449, normed fit index?=?0.955, Tucker Lewis index?=?0.980, comparative fit index?=?0.985, and root mean square error of approximation?=?0.040). Conclusions Workplace mobbing is a critical problem for junior male physicians in Turkey. We suggest an introduction of a reporting system and education activities for physicians in high-risk groups.

Sahin, Bayram; Cetin, Mehmet; Cimen, Mesut; Yildiran, Nuri

2012-01-01

224

Functional lipid characteristics of Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.).  

PubMed

The quality of crude oil extracted from Tombul (Round) hazelnut, grown in the Giresun province of Turkey, was evaluated for its fatty acid, triacylglycerol (TAG), tocol, and phytosterol compositions. Oleic acid contributed 82.78% to the total fatty acids, followed by linoleic, palmitic, and stearic acids. Among 12 TAGs separated, 11 were identified (including one unknown): LLL, OLL, PLL, OOL, POL, PPL, OOO, POO, PPO, SOO, and PSO (where P, palmitoyl; S, stearoyl; O, oleoyl; and L, linoleoyl). The main components were OOO (71.31%), OOL (12.26%), and POO (9.45%), reflecting the high content of oleic acid present in hazelnut oil. Seven tocol isoforms (four tocopherols and three tocotrienols) and eight phytosterols as well as cholesterol were positively identified and quantified; among these, alpha-tocopherol (40.40 mg/100 g) and beta-sitosterol (134.05 mg/100 g) were predominant in hazelnut oil and contributed 78.74 and 81.28% to the total tocols and phytosterols present, respectively. Tocotrienols were detected in small amounts (1.02% to the total tocols). The crude hazelnut oil extracted from Turkish Tombul hazelnut, thus, serves as a good source of nutrients, bioactives, and health-promoting components. PMID:17177557

Alasalvar, Cesarettin; Amaral, Joana S; Shahidi, Fereidoon

2006-12-27

225

Prevalence of bifid mandibular condyle in a Turkish population.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) using panoramic radiographs supported by different radiographic techniques. A retrospective study was carried out by evaluating panoramic radiographs of 18,798 patients referred to the Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. T-tests were used to compare the frequency of BMC between left and right sides and between female and male patients. In this study, 98 patients (0.52%) were found to have BMC. Of these patients, 51 (52%) were females and 47 (48%) were males. Of the 98 patients, 71 (72.4%) had unilateral and 27 (27.6%) had bilateral BMC. A total of 125 BMCs were found in 98 patients. No statistically significant differences were found between the right and left BMCs or between female and male patients (P > 0.05). Because symptoms associated with BMC are either absent or minimal, it is usually discovered as an incidental finding during routine radiographic examination. Different appearances of BMC can be seen on panoramic radiographs. The exact orientation of the condyles can only be determined using 3D imaging techniques. BMC may be a more frequent condition in the Turkish population. PMID:22167027

Sahman, Halil; Sekerci, Ahmet E; Ertas, Elif T; Etoz, Meryem; Sisman, Yildiray

2011-12-01

226

Colonization and vertical transmission of Streptococcus mutans in Turkish children.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to establish the colonization of Streptococcus mutans and to determine the possibility of intra-familial transmission in a group of Turkish children and their parents. A total of 56 children participated in the study together with their parents (20 fathers and 49 mothers). Saliva samples were collected from the individuals and cultivated on S. mutans selective TYCSB agar. The typical isolates of S. mutans were identified by using classical microbiological methods, as well as molecular typing of S. mutans clones which was performed by using AP PCR with OPA5 primer for the detection of transmission. The vertical transmission of salivary S. mutans was detected among 14 mother-father-child, 35 mother-child (one twins) and 6 father-child combinations. The homologies of strain types were recorded as 24% and 16.6% for mother-child and father-child combinations, respectively. A significant positive correlation (p<0.001) was found between the infected children and their parents with high S. mutans counts. PMID:16735109

Hame?-Kocaba?, E Esin; Uçar, Füsun; Kocata? Ersin, Nazan; Uzel, Ataç; Alpöz, Ali Riza

2008-01-01

227

Oral impacts on daily performance in Turkish adults attending a dental school.  

PubMed

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate oral health related quality of life (OHRQOL) in Turkish adults attending a dental school by using Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) inventory. Materials and methods: This study included 1324 patients. A modifed questionnaire including sociodemographic information, questions about OHRQOL and OIDP inventory was prepared. The questions consisted of reasons and frequency for dental attendance, self-reported oral health status of the participants and number of natural teeth was recorded. Results: The rates of participants experienced at least one OIDP impact was 65.2% and eating was the most affected item (41.6%). There was statistically signifcant difference between number of missing teeth-self reported oral health status, number of missing teeth-sociodemographic factors for the participants who reported at least one OIDP impact. Conclusion: This study showed that OHRQOL of Turkish adults attending a dental school is affected several factors including sociodemographic factors, regular dental visit and number of missing teeth similarly other societies. Clinical signifcance: OIDP inventory assesses impacts of oral health conditions that affect daily activities of an individual and is commonly used as OHRQOL indicator. Also, it is important self-report information of patients about changing their oral conditions and affecting daily life for the clinicians. There is insuffcient data for OIDP inventory of Turkish dental patients. OHRQOL of Turkish adults was evaluated by using OIDP inven- tory in this study. The scale was found as a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish dental patients and was determined the relationships between this scale and several parameters. Keywords: Oral health, Quality of life, OIDP, Sociodemographic factors. How to cite this article: Peker I, Alkurt MT. Oral Impacts on Daily Performance in Turkish Adults Attending a Dental School. J Contemp Dent Pract 2014;15(1):92-98. Source of support: Nil Confict of interest: None declared. PMID:24939272

Peker, Ilkay; Alkurt, Meryem Toraman

2014-01-01

228

Investigation of adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism with Turkish Almost Perfect Scale-Revised.  

PubMed

The present study examined the factor structure of the Turkish Almost Perfect Scale-Revised to identify adaptive and maladaptive perfectionists and non-perfectionists and examined whether the participants (N= 383) in these groups differed on a measure of psychological distress. A confirmatory factor analysis of the Turkish Almost Perfect Scale-Revised yielded three subscales: High Standards, Order, and Discrepancy. A cluster analysis identified adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and non-perfectionists and these groups were found to be significantly different from each other on a measure of psychological distress. PMID:22897102

Ulu, Inci Pinar; Tezer, Esin; Slaney, Robert B

2012-06-01

229

Comparison of Facial Proportions and Anthropometric Norms Among Turkish Young Adults With Different Face Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study aimed to determine the prevalence of three different face types among Turkish young adults based on facial indices,\\u000a to assess and compare the vertical and horizontal dimensions for each type, and to establish anthropometric norms for Turkish\\u000a adults.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A total of 173 healthy young adults (83 females and 90 males) 17 to 25 years of age were examined.

Seher Gündüz Arslan; Celal Genç; Bahad?r Odaba?; Jalen Devecio?lu Kama

2008-01-01

230

Evaluation of Turkish seaweeds for antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activities.  

PubMed

As part of our continuing research on seaweeds, crude MeOH extracts of two green, three brown and six red algae collected from Marmara, Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas were screened. Four parasitic protozoa, i.e. Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T. cruzi, Leishmania donovani and the tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis were used as test organisms for the in vitro assays. The selective toxicity of the extracts was also determined against mammalian L6 cells. All seaweed extracts were active against T. brucei rhodesiense; the Dasya pedicellata extract was the most potent (IC(50) value 0.37?µg/mL). The same extract also weakly inhibited the growth of T. cruzi (IC(50) 62.02?µg/mL). All seaweed extracts also showed leishmanicidal activity (IC(50) values 16.76-69.98?µg/mL). The majority of the extracts also exhibited antiplasmodial potential and the most potent extracts were those from D. pedicellata (IC(50) 0.38?µg/mL), Codium bursa (IC(50) 1.38?µg/mL) and Caulerpa rasemosa (IC(50) 3.12?µg/mL). One brown and two red algal extracts showed some weak activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC values 125-256?µg/mL). Except for the extract of Dasya pedicellata, none of the extracts displayed any cytotoxicity. This is the second study investigating the antiprotozoal activities of Turkish marine algae and identifies Dasya pedicellata, an understudied algal species, as a candidate for further studies. PMID:21520472

Süzgeç-Selçuk, Sevda; Meriçli, Ali H; Güven, Kas?m C; Kaiser, Marcel; Casey, Rosalyn; Hingley-Wilson, Suzie; Lalvani, Ajit; Tasdemir, Deniz

2011-05-01

231

Serum Leptin Concentrations in Turkish Parkinson's Disease Population  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To investigate leptin levels and their relationship to body composition and demographic and clinical characteristics of Turkish patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients and Methods. Forty eligible PD patients and 25 healthy controls were included in the study. Body composition measurements (height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI)) of the whole sample and clinical findings of PD patients were evaluated in the on-state. A single 5?mL fasting blood sample was obtained from each participant in the morning. Severity of PD was evaluated using the Hoehn and Yahr scale and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale. Results. The mean age of the patients and controls was 60.8 ± 9.4 and 61.8 ± 5.8 years, while the mean BMI was 30.17 ± 5.10 and 28.03 ± 3.23 and the mean leptin levels were 6.8 ± 6.9 and 3.9 ± 3.8?ng/mL, respectively. Only age and gender were correlated with leptin levels. There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in leptin levels between male (3.6 ± 3.1?ng/mL) and female (14.3 ± 7.7?ng/mL) PD patients. Among the male PD patients, older age and higher BMI and WC values were associated with higher mean leptin levels. There was not any significant relationship between leptin levels and clinical findings in PD patients. Conclusion. These results may suggest that leptin levels have no determinative role in the follow-up of PD patients with regard to the severity and clinical prognosis of PD.

Ozdilek, Betul

2014-01-01

232

Terrestrial Gravity Measurements towards Turkish Height System Modernization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the key components of the Turkish height system modernization project is the determination of high resolution regional gravity field from terrestrial and satellite measurements. Terrestrial gravity data in Turkey have been collected by different organizations over many decades. Although the density of these data is sufficient in most part of the country, the poor quality mainly due to the inconsistent coordinate and gravity reference frames prevented us to compute a gravimetric geoid model of a few cm accuracy. Therefore, we are now working on the elimination of discrepancies between these historical datasets, developing a national gravity database and preparing guidelines for measuring, reducing, processing and exchanging terrestrial gravity data. In the meantime, new field campaigns were started in 2011 to extend the national gravity standardization network and to increase the amount of control points to be used for the quality check of the historical data. This study describes the (i) recent relative gravity and vertical gravity gradient measurements, (ii) numerical investigations on the standard reductions due to Earth tides, polar motion, instrumental height and air pressure variations, (iii) applied adjustment models and adjustment results. Preliminary results show that differences between using Longman formula adopted in Scintrex CG3 and CG5 instruments and the specific tide catalogues (e.g. Cartwright-Tayler, Tamura) with approximate amplitude and phase-difference values for the main tide wave groups never exceed 5 ?Gal. Maximum reduction for the pole motion is about 2 ?Gal. The variations in atmospheric pressure lead to a maximum reduction of about 5 ?Gal. Vertical gravity gradient values determined at 98 sites are in the range of -0.2078 to -0.4357 mgal/m with a mean of -0.2995 mgal/m that is about 9 ?Gal/m different from the theoretical value.

Simav, Mehmet; Y?ld?z, Hasan; Direnç, Ahmet; Türkezer, Ali

2013-04-01

233

Common MEFV gene mutations in Turkish patients with Behcet's disease.  

PubMed

Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder whose etiology has not been fully established yet. The MEditerranean FeVer (MEFV) gene has been identified as the cause of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). BD shows similarities with FMF, in terms of clinical findings and treatments, as well as their geographical and ethnic co-occurrence. In this study we investigated common MEFV gene mutation frequencies in Turkish patients with BD in an area of Turkey where both diseases are frequently encountered. We screened 207 BD patients who had no symptoms and family history for FMF and 200 healthy subjects for five common MEFV gene mutations (E148Q, M680I, M694V, V726A, P369S) and clinical features. Seventy-five patients were found to carry a single MEFV mutation, and six patients were compound heterozygous. The difference in the frequency of the MEFV mutation between the BD and control groups was statistically significant (p<0.001, odds ratio [OR] 2.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.75-4.29). The frequencies of E148Q and M680I mutations were significantly higher in the BD group (p=0.001, p=0.046, respectively). The frequency of uveitis was significantly lower in patients with the mutation than in patients without the mutation (p=0.029, OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.30-0.98). There was no statistical significance between carriers and non-carriers with respect to gender and other manifestations of BD. The frequency of the MEFV mutation was significantly higher in patients with BD compared to the healthy control group. Based on our results, MEFV mutations appear to have a role in the pathogenesis of BD. PMID:23973724

Tasliyurt, Turker; Yigit, Serbulent; Rustemoglu, Aydin; Gul, Ulker; Ates, Omer

2013-11-01

234

Migration experiences of Turkish women: notes from a researcher's diary.  

PubMed

This article presents six case studies of the experiences of Turkish women whose husbands were labor migrants. The article opens with an overview of labor emigration from Turkey to developed countries in Europe starting in the early 1960s and continues with a review of the literature that considers migrant women as an analytical category. The literature review then addresses the prevalent emphasis on the impact of labor migration on the emancipation of women and notes that these studies overgeneralize application of the analytical category "tradition," overlook the important effect of patriarchy on women's wages and work, and forward radically different conceptualizations of "emancipation." The research that yielded the case studies presented in this article was undertaken to determine if external migration had changed gender roles and indicates that migration experiences are influenced by whether the migrant workers are part of an extended or nuclear family. The case studies illustrate that the migration experiences of women are too multifaceted for a single categorization. Two of the women left their children with in-laws and followed their husbands to seek employment. One stayed at home under the supervision of a male relative, and two depended upon female relatives whose husbands had also migrated for mutual support. Another woman and her children accompanied her husband to Europe where the woman kept house and cared for the children. It is concluded that many different factors affect a woman's migration experience and that labor migration may change gender roles more for women who stay behind as heads of the household than for women who accompany their husbands as housewives. All of the women benefitted materially, but women who left their children behind regretted the loss of a close relationship with them. PMID:12293041

Kadioglu, A

1997-01-01

235

[Anthrax meningoencephalitis: a case report and review of Turkish literature].  

PubMed

The incidence of anthrax is decreasing in Turkey, however, it is still endemic in some regions of the country. Although central nervous system involvement is rare in cases with anthrax, high mortality rates are significant. Here, we report a 46-years old woman who was anthrax meningoencephalitis. The patient was from Yozgat located in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Her history revealed that following peeling the skin of sheeps and consuming their meat a week ago, a lesion developed in her left forearm and she had been treated with penicilin G with the diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax in a local health center. The patient was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital due to increased headache and loss of conciousness and diagnosed as anthrax meningitis. Crytallized penicilin G (24 MU/day IV) and vancomycin (2 g/day IV) were initiated. The macroscopy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample was haemorrhagic, white blood cell count was 40/mm3 (80% of neutrophil) and Gram staining of CSF yielded abundant gram-positive bacilli. The diagnosis was confirmed by the isolation of Bacillus anthracis from CSF culture. Although the isolate was susceptible to penicillin and dexamethasone was added to the treatment, the patient died. Review of the Turkish literature revealed seven cases of anthrax with central nervous system involvement between 1980-2008. One of the patients was an 11-years old boy and the others were adults aged between 19 and 64 years. The source of the infection was skin in four patients and inhalation in one patient. The most common findings in all of the patients were inhabitance in rural area, haemorrhagic CSF and loss of all patients despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. In conclusion, anthrax meningitis and meningoencephalitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of haemorrhagic meningitis in areas where anthrax is endemic and high rate of mortality despite appropriate therapy should always be kept in mind. PMID:20084923

Metan, Gökhan; Uysal, Burcu; Co?kun, Ramazan; Perçin, Duygu; Do?anay, Mehmet

2009-10-01

236

Risk factors determining allergic airway diseases in Turkish subjects.  

PubMed

With regard to changes in life-style after the 1980s, the reflection of environmental factors on the evolution of allergic airway disease (AAD) has not yet been analyzed in Turkey. In this trial, we aimed to determine the factors related to AAD in Turkish subjects. Patients diagnosed as having asthma and/or rhinitis with positive skin prick tests (SPTs) were accepted as members of the "atopic group" (n = 235). Subjects demonstrated to have negative SPTs and no clinical evidence of any atopic disorder were accepted as members of the "nonatopic control group" (n = 84). Data obtained from a questionnaire applied cross-sectionally to the study groups were compared for risk factor analysis. According to the results of univariate analysis, nonatopic controls were found to have been born in villages more frequently than those in the atopic group (14.3% vs. 4.7%, p = 0.02). Atopic group members had lived in apartments during childhood more frequently than nonatopic controls (53.6% vs. 38%, p = 0.04). A topic group members, particularly the asthmatics, had lower sibship size (< or = 1 sibling) (41.3% vs. 16.7%, p = 0.0003) and nonatopic subjects had higher sibship size (> or = 3 siblings) (73.8% vs. 43.4%, p < 0.0001). The rate of maternal atopy was higher in the atopic group (24.7% vs. 9.5%, p = 0.02). Place of birth, sibship size, and atopic status of the mother, but not house type, were found to be significant in the multivariate analysis. As a conclusion, rural life-style seems to have a protective effect on the development of atopy in Turkey. On the contrary, factors directly or indirectly related to urban life-style during early childhood were found to be associated with the allergic airway diseases. PMID:12214892

Celik, Gülfem; Sin, Betül; Keskin, Siddik; Ediger, Dane; Bavbek, Sevim; Mungan, Dil?ad; Ozer, Faruk; Demirel, Yavuz S; Gürbüz, Fikret; Misirligil, Zeynep

2002-08-01

237

Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to…

Agirdag, Orhan

2010-01-01

238

Counseling programs and the outcome of gestational diabetes in Austrian and Mediterranean Turkish women.  

PubMed

An increasing number of patients from different ethnic groups is admitted to European diabetes treatment centers. Counseling programs are of central importance in disease treatment, especially in gestational diabetes where counseling is of influence also on the outcome of pregnancy. We report about the outcome of gestational diabetes in 39 Mediterranean Turkish and 72 Caucasian Austrian women treated at our outpatient clinic. Both groups of patients underwent repeated counseling including information about the cause of gestational diabetes and therapeutic instructions with an emphasis on dietary recommendations adapted to the eating habits. Individually adapted and repeated instructions with the help of trained translators were of great importance for the Turkish women because nearly one third of them turned out to be illiterates. Under comparable treatment modalities, Turkish and Austrian women revealed no differences in metabolic control, the mean birth weight of the children was 3311+/-467 and 3370+/-600g, respectively, and 12.8% of the Turkish and 16.6% of the Austrian children still had a birth weight above 4000g. These results suggest that women with gestational diabetes and different ethnicity reveal a comparable outcome of gestational diabetes when therapeutic instructions are adapted to the social and cultural background as well as to the individual need of the patient. PMID:11755772

Hoppichler, F; Lechleitner, M

2001-12-15

239

An empirical investigation of the Turkish consumers’ acceptance of Internet banking services  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exploratory study of consumer acceptance of Internet banking (IB) services is conducted in a Turkish bank. Examines both consumer-related factors that may affect the adoption of an innovation or a product (such as complexity, perceived risk, and relative advantage) as well as organizational factors such as marketing effort. The results suggest that IB not only reduces operational cost to

Vichuda Nui Polatoglu; Serap Ekin

2001-01-01

240

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

241

Oral Mucosal Conditions and Risk Factors among Elderly in a Turkish School of Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Prevalence studies are important to determine the oral health status and treatment needs of elderly people. Our aim was to obtain data for the prevalence of oral mucosal conditions (OMC) in a Turkish elderly sample and to compare our results with different geographic regions. Objective: The purpose of this clinical-based study was to determine the prevalence of OMC and

Nesrin Dundar; Betul Ilhan Kal

2007-01-01

242

Emotion Regulation and Problem Behaviours in Turkish Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the group differences of 49 boys and girls from two different groups of Turkish children with and without attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) in the following two variables: emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy. In order to measure emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy, children completed the…

Ozdemir, Selda

2011-01-01

243

Views of Students about Visuals Used in Turkish Language Course and Workbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish course books and workbooks delivered to the second grade primary students are the most important course materials. The visual factors in these materials help the students know and understand the elements such as main theme, plot, scene, setting, characters and existence in a text. They help students develop their thoughts about the texts…

Aytan, Talat

2013-01-01

244

The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

2007-01-01

245

The Turkish Cultural and Educational Revolution: John Dewey's Report of 1924.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The cultural, educational, and intellectual development of Turkey is discussed. Emphasis is on John Dewey's effort in the 1920's to help the Turkish government advance the educational reform projected by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk as an integral element of his transformation of Turkey into a modernized, Westernized, secularized state. (RM)

Brickman, William W.

1985-01-01

246

An Investigation on the Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Turkish EFL Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' observations, students' experiences, and the review of related literature indicate that language anxiety is a significant factor adversely affecting the language learning process. Thus, this study aims to investigate the sources and levels of fear of negative evaluation as well as language anxiety among Turkish students as EFL learners,…

Aydin, Selami

2008-01-01

247

[Domestic violence, parenting styles and well-being of German and Turkish juveniles].  

PubMed

This intercultural comparative study tries to identify the influences of domestic violence and parenting styles on juvenile violence and the well-being of juveniles. To this end, 304 German and 214 Turkish pupils in Berlin at the age of 13 to 16 completed a standardised questionnaire in their schools. The results show that Turkish juveniles report more harsh parenting styles than their German age-mates, but by controlling statistically the educational background of the parents, these differences disappear. Nevertheless, as a stable finding, we can hold that Turkish parents demand from their children a more cultural appropriate and disciplined behaviour. Furthermore, regarding the rates of juvenile violence, the main differences are seen in violence-legitimating attitudes and witnessing parental violence in the Turkish group. Lastly, in the relations between parenting styles and violence, there seems to be no culturally different patterns, but more differences in the intensity of disadvantaging consequences of punishing and harsh parenting on the well-being of juveniles. PMID:19485096

Uslucan, Haci-Halil

2009-01-01

248

Privatization in agro-food sector: the case of Turkish dairy industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to focus on the issue of privatization movement in the agro-food sector, in the light of the Turkish Dairy Industry Enterprises (TSEK) case, and the effects on the sector following privatization. In order to make an appropriate evaluation, the background of the privatization movement and the general structure of the dairy sector in Turkey are

Sertaç Gönenç; Erkan Rehber

2007-01-01

249

Common MEFV Mutation Analysis in Iranian Azeri Turkish Patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To identify the frequency and distribution of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) gene (MEFV) mutations among Azeri Turkish patients from northwestern Iran. Methods: One hundred ninety unrelated patients were referred by specialists to the Molecular- Medical Genetic Center of Tabriz. A clinical diagnosis of FMF was made according to published criteria. Mutation screening of the MEFV gene was performed for

Mohsen Esmaeili; Mortaza Bonyadi; Mandana Rafeey; Kazem Sakha; Mohammad Hossein Somi

250

Locus of Control, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation among American, Philippine, and Turkish Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a study comparing U.S., Philippine, and Turkish students for relation of depression and suicidal thoughts to an external locus of control. Concludes that higher external locus of control scores were positively though weakly associated with depression and history of suicidal preoccupation among all subjects. (DK)

Lester, David; And Others

1991-01-01

251

Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

Yaman, Havva

2010-01-01

252

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

253

Religiosity and the construction of death in Turkish death announcements, 1970-2009.  

PubMed

Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and cultural distinction. Death announcements in Turkey occupy a liminal position between obituaries and death notices: Unlike obituaries, no editorial decisions are involved in their publications. However, unlike death notices, Turkish announcements are venues for expressions of culturally scripted individual decisions. These large and decentralized collections of private decisions display rigid genre characteristics involving formulaic phrases but also change over time to reflect social, cultural, and economic changes in Turkish society. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2,812) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2009. Results show that death announcements in Turkey increasingly rely on an emotional tone of loss and bereavement that replace constructions of death in a more detached and distant language and that religious and secular preferences in the language of announcements are an important domain in which cultural battles are fought and the participation patterns of new middle classes are negotiated. PMID:24567982

Ergin, Murat

2012-03-01

254

Evaluation of the New Turkish Education System by Social Studies Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is proposed that the education system should be evaluated by relying on views of branch teachers about changes in the Turkish Education System by discussing these effects from a scientific background. In this research, a qualitative approach was adopted so that the issue can be examined thoroughly. In this research, the phenomenological pattern…

Demir, Selcuk Besir

2013-01-01

255

Development of Turkish Education Policy and the Modernization Primary Education Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Turkish Republic was born out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire (1270-1920), which extended into three continents and ruled people of various ethnic denominations having different languages, religions, and culture. Elementary education for the masses was left to the people themselves, with little input from the imperial administration. This…

Sevinc, Muzeyyen

2006-01-01

256

Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property, social impact, safety and quality, net integrity

Aysen Gurcan Namlu; Hatice Ferhan Odabasi

2007-01-01

257

Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Child Dissociative Checklist  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper investigated the psychometric characteristics of the Turkish Version of the Child Dissociative Checklist (CDC).Method: The CDC was translated by the authors and discrepancies were resolved by consensus. It was administered to a sample consisting of 9 DID, 28 DDNOS, 35 anxiety disorder, 22 mood disorder, 22 ADHD, and 88 non-psychiatric comparison children and adolescents (N = 204,

Salih S. Zoroglu; Umran Tuzun; Mucahit Ozturk; Vedat Sar

2002-01-01

258

Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

Aydin, Hasan

2013-01-01

259

The role of environmental and occupational exposures in Turkish immigrants with fibre-related disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of environmental and occupational exposures in Turkish immigrants with fibre- related disease. P. Dumortier, A.Gocmen, K. Laurent, A. Manco, P. De Vuyst. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: Environmental exposure to tremolite and erionite causes endemic diseases of the lung and pleura in Turkey. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of these exposures and further occupational exposures on

P. Dumortier; A. Göcmen; K. Laurent; A. Manço; P. de Vuyst

2001-01-01

260

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-01-01

261

Globalization and Its Challenges for Developing Countries: The Case of Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each…

Akar, Hanife

2010-01-01

262

Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

Coskun, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

263

Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

2007-01-01

264

Attitudes of Turkish Distance Learners toward Internet-Based Learning: An Investigation Depending on Demographical Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop an attitude scale toward Internet-based learning (IBL) and to investigate whether attitude levels of Turkish distance learners in an IBL environment differ according to their demographical characteristics (i.e. age, gender, marital status, parental status, employment status, grade point average (GPA).…

Tekinarslan, Erkan

2008-01-01

265

Determination of the Turkish Primary Students' Views about the Particulate Nature of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study…

Ozmen, Haluk; Kenan, Osman

2007-01-01

266

Universalism, Particularism and cultural self-awareness: a comparison of American and Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universalism implies that correct behavior can be defined and always applies, while particularism suggests that relationships are more important than abstract social codes. The United States is generally considered universalistic, and Turkey particularistic. In the current study, American and Turkish students first reacted to a hypothetical situation in order to determine their location on the universalist-particularist dimension. The students were

Donald Tompkins; Diane Galbraith

267

An Analysis of English Language Teaching Coursebooks by Turkish Writers: "Let's Speak English 7" Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students' and teachers' on "Let's Speak English 7" were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing…

Tekir, Serpil; Arikan, Arda

2007-01-01

268

Using Songs as Audio Materials in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of songs as audio materials in teaching Turkish as foreign language is an important part of language culture and has an important place in culture. Thus, the transfer of cultural aspects accelerates language learning process. In the light of this view, it becomes necessary to transfer cultural aspects into classroom environment in teaching…

Keskin, Funda

2011-01-01

269

Survey of the Turkish Market for Food Processing and Packaging Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Turkey for food processing and packaging equipment; to examine growth trends in Turkish end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific produ...

1979-01-01

270

A Paradigmatic Shift for the Turkish Generals and an End to the Coup Era in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkey has been undergoing major democratic transformations in recent years, but one issue remains in question: the role of the military. Have these democratic changes also included an irreversible, structural change for the Turkish military's political role? Are the Turks reconceptualizing their special bond with the armed forces and most importantly, is the military leadership ready to go along with

Ersel Aydinli

2009-01-01

271

Turkish version of impact on family scale: a study of reliability and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although there is a considerably high prevalence of developmental disorders in Turkey there are not many assessment tools related to evaluating the impact of these children on their family. The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Impact on Family Scale (IPFAM), a health related quality of life measurement

Nilgun Bek; I Engin Simsek; Suat Erel; Yavuz Yakut; Fatma Uygur

2009-01-01

272

Development of Cross-Linguistic Variation in Speech and Gesture: Motion Events in English and Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way adults express manner and path components of a motion event varies across typologically different languages both in speech and cospeech gestures, showing that language specificity in event encoding influences gesture. The authors tracked when and how this multimodal cross-linguistic variation develops in children learning Turkish and…

Ozyurek, Asli; Kita, Sotaro; Allen, Shanley; Brown, Amanda; Furman, Reyhan; Ishizuka, Tomoko

2008-01-01

273

How Applicable Are "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" for Use with Turkish Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of eligible children cannot access early intervention services in Turkey, often because they are not assessed. The authors adapted the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" (ASQ) for Turkish children ages 3 to 72 months. Study participants consisted of 375 children who were classified as at risk for developmental delays, 564 children…

Kapci, Emine Gul; Kucuker, Sevgi; Uslu, Runa I.

2010-01-01

274

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

275

Examining the Relationship between Teacher Organizational Commitment and School Health in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between teachers' perceptions of organizational commitment and school health in Turkish primary schools. The Organizational Commitment Scale and the Organizational Health Inventory were used to gather data from 323 randomly selected teachers employed in 20 primary schools in Ankara.…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

276

Youths’ Perceptions of Corporal Punishment, Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment in a Turkish Metropolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal

Ronald P. Rohner

2006-01-01

277

Turkish Adaptation of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge Survey for Elementary Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Survey developed by Schmidt and colleagues into Turkish and investigate its factor structure through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The participants were 352 elementary pre-service teachers from three large universities in northwestern…

Kaya, Sibel; Dag, Funda

2013-01-01

278

Reading Comprehension, Figurative Language Instruction, and the Turkish English Language Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Turkish-speaking population in the United States increased significantly in the 1990s and has risen steadily over time. Today, the highest concentration is located in the states of New York, California, New Jersey, and Florida. Kaya (2003) reported a geographical dispersion across the U.S., from New York to…

Palmer, Barbara C.; Bilgili, Ebru M.; Gungor, Arzu; Taylor, Susan H.; Leclere, Judith T.

2008-01-01

279

Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

2011-01-01

280

Possible Effects of Professional Development on Turkish Teachers' Self-Efficacy and Classroom Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a professional development (PD) program on teacher self-efficacy and classroom practice. Thirty-eight in-service teachers from a foundation school in Izmir participated in this study. Multiple sets of data for this study came from the Turkish teachers' sense of efficacy scale, classroom…

Bumen, Nilay T.

2009-01-01

281

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

282

From Opfer to Gangsta: The Evolving Linguistic Representations of Turkish-Germans in the Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the media's portrayal of the linguistic situation of the predominantly Turkish migrant communities in Germany by analyzing data gathered from films, television clips, interviews, radio clips and the Internet, paying specific attention to the vowel systems of each speaker. I observe that the most salient aspect in…

Byrd, Brenna Reinhart

2010-01-01

283

Health, Wealth or Family Ties? Why Turkish Work Migrants Return from Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1960s and 1970s, hundreds of thousands of Turkish workers migrated to Germany. Some settled there, others returned to Turkey after a few years. To explore how the experience of life between two cultures and in transnational families affected the decision to return, we conducted focus-group sessions with male returnees in Turkey who had spent varying lengths of time

Oliver Razum; Nuriye N. Sahin-Hodoglugil; Karin Polit

2005-01-01

284

Fostering national research networks: The case of Turkish coauthorship patterns in the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the coauthorship networks of researchers affiliated at universities in Turkey by using two databases: the international SSCI database and the Turkish ULAKBIM database. We find that coauthorship networks are composed largely of isolated groups, permitting little knowledge diffusion. Moreover, there seems to be two disparate populations of researchers. While some scholars publish mostly in the international journals, others

Müge Özman

285

Fostering national research networks: The case of Turkish coauthorship patterns in the social sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the coauthorship networks of researchers affiliated at universities in Turkey by using two databases: the international SSCI database and the Turkish ULAKBIM database. We find that coauthorship networks are composed largely of isolated groups, permitting little knowledge diffusion. Moreover, there seems to be two disparate populations of researchers. While some scholars publish mostly in the international journals, others

Cedric Gossart; Muge Ozman

2007-01-01

286

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

287

Chemical Geodynamics of Cenozoic Magmatism in the Turkish-Iranian and Tibetan High Plateaus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the chemical geodynamics of Cenozoic magmatism in the Turkish-Iranian and Tibetan high plateaus within the framework of their collisional tectonic evolution. Post-collisional magmatism in both plateaus shows systematic spatial and temporal variations as a direct result of mantle response to plate tectonic events and hence changes in mantle dynamics through time. Continental collision and crustal accretion events along

Yildirim Dilek; Zhidan Zhao

2010-01-01

288

Attributions for Problem Behavior as Described by Turkish Teachers of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this survey study was to determine Turkish teachers' attributions of problem behaviors. The participants' (special education teachers) attributions of problem behaviors varied with some teachers showing agreement with a behavioral perspective while others attributed the occurrence of problem behaviors to other factors (e.g., poor…

Erbas, Dilek; Turan, Yasemin; Aslan, Yesim Gulec; Dunlap, Glen

2010-01-01

289

Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

2005-01-01

290

Quality of the Tasks in the New Turkish Elementary Mathematics Textbooks: The Case of Proportional Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines new Turkish elementary school mathematics textbooks to provide perspectives on the quality of the tasks related to the proportion concept and the ways they are presented. Tasks were analysed for several dimensions with a particular focus on their level of cognitive demands (LCD). Tasks were distinguished in two groups in terms…

Bayazit, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

291

Genome Sequence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. Corylina, Isolated from Turkish Filbert in Colorado  

PubMed Central

Previously, we reported the isolation of a bacterium producing leaf spots in Turkish filbert. Here, we present the draft genome assembly of the bacterium identified as Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina. To our knowledge, this is the first published genome of this pathovar of X. arboricola.

Ibarra Caballero, Jorge; Zerillo, Marcelo M.; Snelling, Jacob; Boucher, Christina

2013-01-01

292

Relationships between teacher organizational commitment, psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in Turkish primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara participated in the study. Personal Views Survey III-R and the Organizational Commitment

Ferudun Sezgin

2009-01-01

293

Validity and Reliability of the Academic Resilience Scale in Turkish High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the academic resilience scale in Turkish high school. The participances of the study includes 378 high school students in total (192 female and 186 male). A set of analyses were conducted in order to determine the validity and reliability of the study. Firstly, both exploratory…

Kapikiran, Sahin

2012-01-01

294

Evaluating the Turkish Version of the Discipline Efficacy Scale (DES): Translation Adequacy and Factor Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to adapt the discipline efficacy scale to Turkish language, and conduct the validity and reliability analysis of the adapted scale. The scale was applied to 157 teacher candidates. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to reveal the construct validity of the scale. The results of the exploratory…

Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay

2013-01-01

295

Mobile Learning Perceptions of the Prospective Teachers (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Sampling)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to analyze mobile learning perceptions and mobile learning levels of the prospective teachers at a university in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus according to their departments and gender. The research consists of 355 prospective teachers studying at a private university. The "Mobile Learning Perception Scale" was…

Serin, Oguz

2012-01-01

296

Drive for thinness, bulimia and body dissatisfaction in Turkish ballet dancers and ballerinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate drive for thinness, bulimia and body dissatisfaction in Turkish ballet dancers and ballerinas with respect to body mass index (BMI) category and gender. The study sample of the research is consisted of 215 ballet dancers and ballerinas who were recruited randomly from State Conservatories in some cities of Turkey. Multidimensional Eating Behaviors

Leyla Özgen; ?brahim K?saç

2009-01-01

297

Interoceptive awareness, ineffectiveness and maturity fears in Turkish ballet dancers and ballerinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study is to examine interoceptive awareness, ineffectiveness and maturity fears in Turkish ballet dancers and ballerinas with respect body mass index (BMI) type to and gender. The study sample of the research is consisted of 215 ballet dancers and ballerinas who were recruited randomly from State Conservatories in some cities of Turkey. Multidimensional Eating Behaviors Inventory

?brahim K?saç; Leyla Özgen

2009-01-01

298

Elucidating genetic relationships, diversity and population structure among the Turkish female figs.  

PubMed

A collection of 96 female Turkish fig (Ficus carica L.) accessions was studied to elucidate genetic structure and estimate diversity and genetic similarity distribution among the female figs present in Turkish genetic resources, using 157 molecular genome markers including 129 sequence-related amplified polymorphisms, 21 random amplified polymorphic DNAs, and 7 simple-sequence repeats. The plant samples mainly included Turkish fig collections selected throughout the country over the course of a half-century. Neighbor-joining analysis revealed continuous dissimilarity range, and it was difficult to classify figs into distinct groups. The principle component analysis produced similar results. The analysis of molecular variance indicated that 95 and 93% of genetic variation were explained by within geographic origins and similar fruit rind color, respectively. Sub-structuring Bayesian analysis assigned the 96 female figs into four sub-populations, and indicated that they were highly related. The corrected allelic pairwise distances among the six geographic origins were less than 5%. This study suggests that geography- and color-based groups were not genetically distinct among the Turkish figs. PMID:19711187

Ikten, Hatice; Mutlu, Nedim; Gulsen, Osman; Kocatas, Hilmi; Aksoy, Uygun

2010-02-01

299

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

Tezci, Erdogan

2011-01-01

300

Computer Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers and Impacting Demographics: A Turkish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technology use in education is largely influenced by external environmental and personal teacher factors. Adding a Turkish perspective, the purpose of the present study was to explore secondary school teachers' perceptions of computers and influencing demographics characteristics. Cross-sectional survey methodology was employed in three secondary…

Kahveci, Ajda; Sahin, Nese; Genc, Sebnem

2011-01-01

301

Gendered Communities of Practice and the Construction of Masculinities in Turkish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the construction of masculinities in Turkish physical education through Carrie Paechter's conceptualisation of gendered communities of practice. According to Paechter, educational communities of practice operate as sites of gendered activity. Membership within these communities contributes to the construction of a gendered…

Atencio, Matthew; Koca, Canan

2011-01-01

302

The Effects of Coping Humour and Gender on College Adjustment in Turkish Freshmen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of coping humour and gender in the college adjustment of Turkish freshmen. Considering greater happiness and academic achievement as predictors of initial college adjustment, data were gathered from a sample of 574 students using the Subjective Well-Being Scale (SWS) and the Coping Humour…

Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Yuksel, Asuman

2010-01-01

303

Apolipoprotein E genotyping in Turkish myocardial infarction survivors and healthy controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene is known to be polymorphic. Three common alleles determine six phenotypes which can easily be detected by restriction fragment length polymorphism. We performed apo E genotyping in myocardial infarction survivors and healthy controls for the first time in the Turkish population. DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the PCR product was digested

Gülay Hergenc; Yavuz Taga; Kaya Emerk; Beyaz?t C?rakoglu

1995-01-01

304

Epidemiology of Attention Problems among Turkish Children and Adolescents: A National Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology of attention problems using parent, teacher, and youth informants among a nationally representative Turkish sample. Method: The children and adolescents, 4 to 18 years old, were selected from a random household survey. Attention problems derived from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) (N = 4,488), Teacher…

Erol, Nese; Simsek, Zeynep; Oner, Ozgur; Munir, Kerim

2008-01-01

305

Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

Celik, Serkan

2013-01-01

306

A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.…

Cokelez, Aytekin

2010-01-01

307

The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

2007-01-01

308

Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs Regarding Science Teaching and Their Beliefs about Classroom Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' science teaching efficacy and classroom management beliefs. Data in this study were collected from a total number of 584 preservice science teachers utilizing the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument and the attitudes and beliefs on classroom control (ABCC)…

Gencer, Ayse Savran; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

309

Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

Song, Steve

2011-01-01

310

Facial soft tissue thickness in individuals with different occlusion patterns in adult Turkish subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of variation in facial soft tissue thickness is important for forensic anthropologists, dentists, and plastic surgeons. Forensic anthropologists use such information as a guide in facial reconstruction and superimposition methods. The purpose of this study was to measure facial tissue thicknesses of adult males and females of Turkish origin across different types of occlusion, and to compare the results

Ayla Kurkcuoglu; Can Pelin; Bar?? Ozener; Rag?ba Zagyapan; Zahira Sahinoglu; Ayse Canan Yaz?c?

2011-01-01

311

Preschool Children's Turkish Language Skills Related to Various Variables (Sample of Denizli)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to study 5-6 years old preschool children's Turkish language skills related to various variables (socioeconomic status, profession of fathers, working of mothers, education levels of parents, numbers of siblings, age of children and gender of children) in Denizli. The sample of the research consisted of 223 (114…

Onder, Alev; Gulay, Hulya

2010-01-01

312

Parents' Education Level, Popularity, Individual Cognitions, and Academic Performance: An Investigation with Turkish Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data obtained by a questionnaire were analyzed to explore relationships between variables related to Turkish children's academic performance. The results indicated that parents' education level, sociometric measures of insecure attachment, and social efficacy were significant predictors of grade point average. Parents' education also emerged as a significant predictor of insecure attachment and social efficacy. In addition, endorsement of secure and

Nuran Hortaçsu

1994-01-01

313

HMM-based sliding video text recognition for Turkish broadcast news  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop an HMM-based sliding video text recognizer and present our results on Turkish broadcast news for the hearing impaired. We use well known speech recognition techniques to model and recognize sliding video text characters using a minimal amount of labeled data. Baseline system without any language modeling gives a word error rate of 2.2% on 138

Temucin Som; Dogan Can; Murat Saraclar

2009-01-01

314

Maternal Socialization and Child Temperament as Predictors of Emotion Regulation in Turkish Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the role of maternal socialization and temperament in Turkish preschool children's emotion regulation. Participants consisted of 145 preschoolers (79 boys, 69 girls; M[subscript age]= 62 months), their mothers, and daycare teachers from middle-high socioeconomic suburbs of Istanbul. Maternal child-rearing practices and…

Yagmurlu, Bilge; Altan, Ozge

2010-01-01

315

Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College and the Atlantic Council of the United States conducted a colloquium entitled 'The Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context' on March 25, 2007. Additional support for this ...

W. A. Terrill

2007-01-01

316

Assessment and Selection of Personnel for the Turkish Special Forces Command.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this study is to develop a model for the assessment and selection personnel for the Turkish Special Forces Command based on procedures applied by the United States Army Special Forces. The study assumes a high degree of similarity between...

E. Kenar

1998-01-01

317

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

318

The Effects of Culture on Psychological Mobility: Comparative Analyses of Turkish and Canadian Academicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study comparatively examines the effects of culture on psychological mobility of academicians in Turkey and Canada. Questionnaires were completed by 382 respondents, of them 277 Turkish and 105 Canadian. Data were collected using INDCOL for measuring the four cultural dimensions. Psychological mobility that consisted of boundaryless…

Erdogmus, Nihat; Aytekin, Ihsan

2012-01-01

319

Familiarity Overrides Complexity in Rhythm Perception: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of American and Turkish Listeners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the ubiquity of dancing and synchronized movement to music, relatively few studies have examined cognitive representations of musical rhythm and meter among listeners from contrasting cultures. We aimed to disentangle the contributions of culture-general and culture-specific influences by examining American and Turkish listeners' detection…

Hannon, Erin E.; Soley, Gaye; Ullal, Sangeeta

2012-01-01

320

Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

Cavas, Pinar

2011-01-01

321

Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

2012-01-01

322

Reliability and Construct Validity of Turkish Version of Physical Education Activities Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to examine the reliability and construct validity of Turkish version of physical education activities scale (PEAS) which was developed by Thomason (2008). Participants in this study included 313 secondary and high school students from 7th to 11th grades. To analyse the data, confirmatory factor analysis, post hoc…

Memis, Ugur Altay

2013-01-01

323

Efficiency of the Turkish Stock Exchange with respect to monetary variables: A cointegration analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we test the semistrong form of the efficient market hypothesis in Turkey by using the recently developed techniques in time series econometrics, namely unit roots and cointegration. The long run relationship between stock prices and inflation is investigated by assuming the possible existence of a proxy effect. Conclusions are made as to the efficiency of the Turkish

Yaz Gulnur Muradoglu; Kivilcim Metin

1996-01-01

324

Global supplier selection strategies and implications for supplier performance: Turkish suppliers’ perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's global competitive environment, supplier evaluation and selection strategies are not only important for buyer performance and competitiveness, but also for supplier performance and capabilities. This study from the suppliers’ perception examines (i) the structure of supply relationships between Turkish automotive parts and components manufacturers and their global buyers, (ii) global buyers’ supplier evaluation and selection strategies, and (iii)

A. Inemek; O. Tuna

2009-01-01

325

Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and…

Ergin, Murat

2012-01-01

326

Turkish Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers' perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's…

Dedeoglu, Hakan; Ulusoy, Mustafa; Lamme, Linda L.

2012-01-01

327

Turkish Preservice Teachers’ Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers’ perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's picture books within reader response theories and critical literacy have the potential to help preservice

Hakan Dedeoglu; Mustafa Ulusoy; Linda L. Lamme

2012-01-01

328

A Closer Look at Being a Woman in Turkish Academia: A Descriptive Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, women's professional lives with a focus on what it means to be a woman in Turkish academia and on whether being a woman differs from being a man in an academic context was put under scrutiny. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among 41 women academics currently working at the Faculties of Education in…

Birlik, Nurten; Arikan, Arda

2009-01-01

329

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

330

Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

2013-01-01

331

Education Policies of Turkish Political Parties and Their Possible Effects on Economic Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the educational policies of Turkish political parties and their possible effects on economic development. Document analysis method was used to investigate the principles of education policies under various party programs--namely, the Great Union Party, the Independent Turkey Party, the Justice and Development Party, the…

Nartgun, Senay S.; Eren, Altay

2007-01-01

332

Turkish Pre-Service Primary School Teachers' Environmental Attitudes: Effects of Gender and Grade Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish pre-service primary school teachers' attitudes towards environment. Besides, it aimed to investigate how pre-service primary school teachers' environmental attitudes change with grade level and gender. A total of 2067 pre-service teachers attending to primary school education departments of nine…

Ozsoy, Sibel; Ozsoy, Gokhan; Kuruyer, Hayriye Gul

2011-01-01

333

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Turkish Parents in Relation to Their Recognition of Emotional Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To develop an instrument which could assess the extent to which emotionally maltreating parental behavior was recognized by Turkish parents (Study 1) and to evaluate a group of parental and family characteristics that were related with their recognition of emotional maltreatment (Study 2). Methods: Self-administered instruments were…

Uslu, Runa Idil; Kapci, Emine Gul; Yildirim, Revan; Oney, Esra

2010-01-01

334

Job Satisfaction, Absenteeism, and Workers' Choice in the Turkish Industrial Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relation of absenteeism to job satisfaction and fulfillment of Maslow's hierarchy of needs in Turkey. Responses of 154 white collar and 110 blue collar Turkish industrial workers to the Job Descriptive Index Questionnaire indicate that inadequate or unsatisfactory promotion opportunities and insecurity are attributes of high absenteeism among white collar workers and that low pay, inefficient

Ugur Yucelt

1982-01-01

335

Turkish Leaders and Foreign Policy Decision-Making: Lobbying for European Union Membership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to contribute to our understanding of Turkish foreign policymaking, which is an under-developed area of study. It does so by examining the role of individual leaders in the foreign policymaking process. It compares two Islamist prime ministers – Necmettin Erbakan and Recep Tayyip Erdo?an – and the difference in their levels of emotional attachment to Islam and

Brent E. Sasley

2012-01-01

336

IRS-2 G1057D polymorphism in Turkish patients with colorectal cancer  

PubMed Central

Introduction Gene polymorphisms have a broad range of analysis, but are of particular use in molecular medicine due to their potential in revealing the genetic tendency in diseases such as cancer, heart attack etc. These studies basically depend on mutations that can be detected by proper techniques. The genes coding the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins are among the most widely analysed polymorphisms in various cancer types, in which a G1057D mutation is seen. Aim To determine the risk of colon cancer by analysing the IRS-2 gene polymorphism in Turkish patients. Material and methods A total of 161 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients were analysed and compared to 197 unrelated healthy controls. A polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism method was carried out. Results No differences were observed between the patient and control groups for both allele and genotype frequencies of the IRS-2 G1057D gene. Conclusions Our results demonstrated that IRS-2 G1057D polymorphism is not associated with colorectal cancer in the Turkish population. This research is a preliminary and original study in Turkish patients with colorectal cancer. It also provides population-level genetic data on IRS-2 in the Turkish population. Further studies should be performed on larger number of patients and controls for more reliable results about the genetic tendency in colorectal cancer in Turkey. The study is a collaborative work of different universities and scientists.

Celik, Sevim Karakas; Kucuk, Meral Urhan; Yalin, Erdinc; Ozkal, S. Sebnem; Ates, Cengiz; Berkoz, Mehmet; Yalin, Serap; Ates, Nurcan Aras

2014-01-01

337

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

338

The Poetry of Turkish Village Institute-Educated Poets: Social Commentary on a Developing Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to reach a close understanding of villagers' experience of change in the changing context of the Turkish Republic. The poetry books of two renowned literary figures Mehmet Basaran and Talip Apaydin were studied to investigate villagers' reactions and responses to various national changes. The literary work of these…

Zabitgil, Ozlem

2010-01-01

339

Genome Sequence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. Corylina, Isolated from Turkish Filbert in Colorado.  

PubMed

Previously, we reported the isolation of a bacterium producing leaf spots in Turkish filbert. Here, we present the draft genome assembly of the bacterium identified as Xanthomonas arboricola pv. corylina. To our knowledge, this is the first published genome of this pathovar of X. arboricola. PMID:23704178

Ibarra Caballero, Jorge; Zerillo, Marcelo M; Snelling, Jacob; Boucher, Christina; Tisserat, Ned

2013-01-01

340

Life Satisfaction Depending on Socio-Economic Status and Gender among Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was carried out using the survey method in an attempt to find out the relationship between the life satisfaction and socio-economic status (SES) of adolescents. The research was conducted among 275 young Turkish people chosen by the random sampling method. The research findings determined that there was a significant difference…

Eroglu, Susran Erkan; Bozgeyikli, Hasan; Calisir, Vahit

2009-01-01

341

How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

Sengoren, S. K.

2010-01-01

342

Türkçe Metin Damgalama: Sözdizimsel bir Model Watermarking in Turkish: A Syntax Based Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to develop a natural language watermarking algorithm based on morphosyntactic manipulations of a text. This watermarking modality was chosen based on the observation that the Turkish syntax allows for a more stable and rich repertoire of tools. The watermarking algorithm utilizes linguistic tools such as dependency parser, tree converter, Wordnet and a lexicon. It

Hasan M. Meral; Emre Sevinç; Ersin Ünkar; Bülent Sankur; A. Sumru Özsoy; Tunga Güngör

343

Bir Türkçe konu?ma tanima sisteminin anatomisi The anatomy of a Turkish speech recognition system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a Turkish speech recognition system we have developed. We will be giving information about the building of our system and tests we conducted on it. SUVoice voice database, along with METU 1.0, was used in the training of our acoustic models. We performed limited vocabulary and large vocabulary recognition tests. We have shown the performance

Cem Aksoylar

2009-01-01

344

The African variant of BKV in a Turkish renal transplant patient.  

PubMed

In renal transplant recipients, BK polyomavirus (BKV) is linked to nephropathy. BK virus genotypes have a strong geographic component. This paper presents the African variant of BKV in a Turkish renal transplant patient, which is a rare cause of infection in the Northern Hemisphere and, to our knowledge, the first case from Turkey. PMID:24726687

Colakoglu, Sule; Dursun, Hasan; Cengiz, Nurcan; Bulat, Meryem Cosar; Noyan, Aytul

2014-06-01

345

Prediction of commercial bank failure via multivariate statistical analysis of financial structures: The Turkish case  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to propose a methodological framework for constructing the integrated early warning system (IEWS) that can be used as a decision support tool in bank examination and supervision process for detection of banks, which are experiencing serious problems. Sample and variable set of the study contains 40 privately owned Turkish commercial banks (21 banks failed

Serpil Canbas; Altan Cabuk; Süleyman Bilgin Kilic

2005-01-01

346

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

347

Human platelet antigen genotypes in Turkish and Caucasian blood donors in Germany.  

PubMed

Exposition to allogenic human platelet antigens (HPAs) can lead to antibody formation causing neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), post-transfusion purpura or platelet (PLT) transfusion refractoriness. The frequencies of HPA differ between ethnical groups which could be associated with different potential alloimmunization risk. The Turkish population is the largest ethnic minority group living in Germany. However, no data are available about the HPA frequency among Turkish population. We compared the frequency of HPA between Caucasian and Turkish blood donors. DNA from blood samples of 119 Caucasian and 117 Turkish blood donors was isolated. The genotype of HPA-1, -2, -3 -4, -5 and -15 was determined using a commercialized polymerase chain reaction kit with sequence-specific primers. In Turkish blood donors, the gene frequencies of HPA-1a/1b, -2a/2b, -3a/3b, -4a/4b, -5a/5b and -15a/15b were 0.863/0.137, 0.868/0.133, 0.607/0.393, 0.996/0.004, 0.893/0.107 and 0.474/0.256, respectively. In Caucasians, we observed 0.798/0.202, 0.908/0.092, 0.567/0.432, 1.000/0.000, 0.916/0.084 and 0.517/0.483 for HPA-1a/1b, -2a/2b, -3a/3b, -4a/4b, -5a/5b and -15a/15b, respectively. No statistically significant difference between genotypes in these populations could be observed. Due to the similar distribution of HPA genotypes in both ethnical groups, no increased risk of NAIT for children of mixed couples or of post-transfusion purpura or PLT transfusion refractoriness secondary to antibodies to HPAs for recipients of PLT concentrates from blood donors of the other ethnicity is given. PMID:22681418

Hauck-Dlimi, B; Hammon, K; Eckstein, R; Ott, S; Zimmermann, R; Dengler, T; Ringwald, J

2012-09-01

348

Dynamics of the Circulation in the Sea of Marmara: Numerical Modeling Experiments and Observations from the Turkish Straits System Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During September 2008 and February 2009, the NR/V Alliance extensively sampled the waters of the Sea of Marmara within the framework of the Turkish Straits System (TSS) experiment coordinated by the NATO Undersea Research Centre. The observational effort ...

E. Jarosz J. Chiggiato J. Dykes J. W. Book L. Torrisi

2011-01-01

349

Improving the Small-Business Role in Turkish Defense Acquisitions: Recommendations from U.S. Best Practices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Small businesses play very important roles in the U.S. and Turkish economies because they are a major source of entrepreneurship, innovation, and employment. They also promote competition. Unfortunately, due to their limited resources and market imperfect...

M. Engin O. Koc

2010-01-01

350

Performance of children on the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test: Effect of word similarity, word length, and scoring.  

PubMed

Abstract This study aims to report the preliminary results of the development of the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test and to contribute to the clinical accuracy of the test by comparing the performance of children with specific language impairment with that of language-level matched and age-matched typically developing children on a nonword repetition (NWR) test developed for Turkish. To determine the effect of word similarity and word length, the Turkish Nonword Repetition Test is composed of language-like and language-unlike items. To determine the effect of scoring, the performances of children were scored as correct/incorrect for a whole word, for only the consonants, and for only the vowels. The findings suggest that the test is a reliable tool to differentiate Turkish-speaking children with SLI from typically developing children. PMID:25000381

Topba?, Seyhun; Kaçar-Kütükçü, D?lber; Kopkalli-Yavuz, Handan

2014-07-01

351

Study on Performance Based Logistics/Performance Based Service Acquisitions and Their Applicability to Turkish Navy Service Acquisition Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this MBA professional report is to investigate and analyze performance Based Logistics (PBL)/Performance Based Service Acquisitions (PBSA) and provide implementation alternatives for Turkish Navy service acquisitions. This Professional MBA ...

A. Bozkurt A. C. Guducu

2005-01-01

352

Exploiting Morphology and Local Word Reordering in English-to-Turkish Phrase-Based Statistical Machine Translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present the results of our work on the development of a phrase-based statistical machine translation prototype from English to Turkish-an agglutinative language with very productive inflectional and derivational morphology. We experiment with different morpheme-level representations for English-Turkish parallel texts. Additionally, to help with word alignment, we experiment with local word reordering on the English side, to

Ilknur Durgar El-Kahlout; Kemal Oflazer

2010-01-01

353

Who Profits Most from Early Parental Investments? The Effects of Activities Inside and Outside the Family on German and Turkish Children’s Language Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the effects of direct and indirect early parental investments on the German-language development of 3–5-year-old\\u000a children of Turkish immigrants and native German children. Since Turkish parents are on average less proficient in German\\u000a than native parents, it is hypothesised that Turkish children cannot profit as much as German children from activities inside\\u000a the family (e.g., frequency of

Birgit Becker

2010-01-01

354

Turkish lupusPRO: cross-cultural validation study for lupus.  

PubMed

LupusPRO is a disease-targeted patient-reported outcome measure that was developed and validated from and among US patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We herein report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation study of the Turkish translated version of the LupusPRO. Turkish LupusPRO and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36) (Turkish) were administered to the Turkish lupus patients. Disease activity was ascertained using the physician global assessment (PGA), Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SELENA-SLEDAI), and flare (defined by LFA-Lupus Foundation of America). Disease damage was assessed with Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology damage index (SDI). Also, second Turkish LupusPRO tests were given to the patients to be completed within 2-3 days and sent back to us. Internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and convergent and criterion validity (against disease activity or health status) were tested. All reported p values are two-tailed. The conceptual framework of the LupusPRO was evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis appropriate for categorical data. One hundred two SLE subjects (94 % women) were enrolled. The median (IQR) age and mean disease duration (±SD) were 38.5 (18) years and 60.3 (±56.3) months, respectively. The mean?±?SD, SLEDAI, and SDI scores were 3.1?±?3.7 and 0.52?±?0.75, respectively. There were 25 patients who had flares at the time of study. Forty-two patients with no change in their health status completed and sent back the second LupusPRO test and were included in the test-retest analysis. Test-retest reliability of LupusPRO domains ranged from 0.87 to 0.97, while internal consistency reliability of the domains ranged from 0.63 to 0.94. Convergent validity with corresponding domains of SF-36 was present. Health-related quality-of-life domains performed well against disease activity measures (PGA, total SLEDAI, LFA flare, and SF-6D-overall health status), establishing its criterion validity. Item-to-factor loadings representing the hypothesized item-to-scale relationships were satisfactory. The model fit for the hypothesized item-to-scale relationships was also satisfactory. The Turkish version of the LupusPRO is valid and appears to perform comparably to the English and Spanish language versions. It can be used as a patient-reported outcome parameter in clinical trials, as well as longitudinal studies for testing responsiveness to change. PMID:23934384

Kaya, Arif; Goker, Berna; Cura, Elife Senem; Tezcan, Mehmet Engin; Tufan, Abdurrahman; Mercan, R?dvan; Bitik, Berivan; Haznedaroglu, Seminur; Ozturk, Mehmet Akif; Mikolaitis-Preuss, Rachel A; Block, Joel A; Jolly, Meenakshi

2014-08-01

355

Molecular identification of Anisakis species (Nematoda: Anisakidae) from marine fishes collected in Turkish waters.  

PubMed

Anisakid nematodes are important etiological agents for zoonotic human anisakiasis (or anisakidosis). These parasites in the Turkish waters still remain unexplored. This study aims the molecular identification of Anisakis species in Turkey's coast from Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Sea and specifically to screen for zoonotic species in commonly commercialized a total of 1145 fish belonging to 31 different species using both polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PCR-RFLP) and sequencing of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase subunit II (cox2) gene. A total of 776 Anisakis type I larvae were isolated in 56/1145 (4.8%) fish of 7 species from Turkish waters. The combining all of our results, e.g., morphology, PCR-RFLP, ITS region, and the cox2 gene, conclusively supported the identification of 3 Anisakis spp. taken from marine fish hosts, namely Anisakis pegreffii, Anisakis typica and Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.str.)/A. pegreffii hybrid genotype. No Anisakis larvae were isolated from the Black Sea whereas A. pegreffii, A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotype was found in the Aegean Sea and A. pegreffii was only isolated from the Mediterranean Sea. This study represents the first identification of A. typica and A. simplex s.str./A. pegreffii hybrid genotypes from Turkish waters. Moreover, in the present study first record of the presence of A. pegreffii is also reported from Turkish coasts of Aegean and Mediterranean Sea. No zoonotic Anisakis species were found in commonly commercialized 1025 fish belonging to 16 different species from the Black Sea, thus Turkish populations who consume captured fish from the Black Sea may have a less risk of human anisakiasis or allergies. However, the prevalence of larvae were 47.1% and 46% and recognized zoonotic A. pegreffii were identified from the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea coast, suggesting a high threat of anisakiasis or allergies for Turkish populations who consume fish originating in these regions. PMID:24485564

Pekmezci, Gokmen Zafer; Onuk, Ertan Emek; Bolukbas, Cenk Soner; Yardimci, Banu; Gurler, Ali Tumay; Acici, Mustafa; Umur, Sinasi

2014-03-17

356

Factors affecting relationships of Turkish adolescents with parents and same-sex friends.  

PubMed

The present study attempted to investigate the differences between Turkish late adolescents' relationships with their parents and friends by using Armsden and Greenberg's (1987) scales for measuring attachment. In addition, an attempt at determining predictors of different aspects of attachment was made. The findings were that (a) similar dimensions of attachment emerged from a factor analysis of Turkish data when compared with Armsden and Greenberg's factors, (b) the data provide evidence for the argument that relationships should be studied with an awareness that they exist within a sociological background that includes other relationships, and (c) regression analysis predicting different aspects of attachment indicated that different variables may be important as determinants of men's and women's relationships with significant others. PMID:1875680

Hortaçsu, N; Oral, A; Yasak-Gültekin, Y

1991-06-01

357

Inheritance and chromosome locations of scald-resistance genes derived from Iranian and Turkish wild barleys  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of advanced backcross barley lines derived from crosses between cv Clipper and different Iranian and Turkish wild barleys,\\u000a which are homozygous for particular isozyme-marked donor intervals, was screened for resistance to barley scald. Eight lines\\u000a that consistently exhibited scald resistance were identified, and genetic analysis indicated that single dominant genes encoded\\u000a resistance in five of the lines, single

D. F. Garvin; A. H. D. Brown; J. J. Burdon

1997-01-01

358

Support, sensitivity, satisfaction: Filipino, Turkish and Vietnamese women's experiences of postnatal hospital stay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to assess Filipino, Turkish and Vietnamese women's views about their care during the postnatal hospital stay.Design: interviews were conducted with recent mothers in the language of the women's choice, 6–9 months after birth, by three bilingual interviewers.Participants: three hundred and eighteen women born in the Phillipines (107), Turkey (107) and Vietnam (104) who had migrated to AustraliaSetting: women were

Jane Yelland; Rhonda Small; Judith Lumley; Valerie Cotronei; Rosemary Warren; Pranee Liamputtong Rice

1998-01-01

359

Characterization of two Turkish ?-hexosaminidase mutations causing Tay–Sachs disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two homoallelic mutations have recently been identified in the ?-subunit of hexosaminidase A (EC 3.2.1.52) causing the infantile form of Tay–Sachs disease in Turkish patients. Both of these mutations, a 12 bp deletion (1096–1107 or 1098–1108 or 1099–1109) in exon 10 and a point mutation (G1362 to A, Gly454 to Asp) in exon 12, are located in the catalytic domain

Hatice Asuman Özkara; Konrad Sandhoff

2003-01-01

360

Celiac Disease in an Adult Turkish Population with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celiac disease is a frequent cause of morbidity among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In this study our objective was to determine the prevalance of celiac diasease in a Turkish adult population with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Patients included 122 type 1 diabetes cases from adult diabetes clinic. Total IgA and IgA-antiendomysial antibody (AEA) assays were performed. Patients positive

Cem Aygun; Suleyman Uraz; Taner Damci; Zeynep Osar; Volkan Yumuk; Emine Akdenizli; Hasan Ilkova

2005-01-01

361

Advantages of breastfeeding according to Turkish mothers living in Istanbul and Stockholm  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a cross-sectional study, carried out among Turkish mother-infant pairs, the mothers of 269 infants living in Istanbul and 30 living in Stockholm were asked about their opinions as to the advantages and\\/or disadvantages of breastfeeding. The answers were categorized according to the attributes mentioned, quantified and related to the socio-economic status of the area of residence, maternal

Tahire Koctürk

1988-01-01

362

Effect of the mineral matrix on the extractability of the kerogen of a Turkish oil shale  

SciTech Connect

Oil shales contain material readily soluble in the high density solvent vapor formed under supercritical conditions. Some initially insoluble material may be solubilized by chemical changes occurring during the supercritical treatment. The mineral matrix of the oil shale may affect catalytically the solubilization of the kerogen in contact with the supercritical solvent. The aim of this report is to detail, in part, the effects of the mineral matrix on the extractability of the kerogen of Turkish Goynuk oil shale by supercritical toluene.

Yurum, Y.; Karabakan, A.

1987-04-01

363

Recovery of organic material by supercritical toluene from Turkish Goynuk oil shale  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe the effect of the mineral matrix on the recovery of organic material by supercritical toluene extraction from Turkish Goynuk oil shale. Samples were prepared by successive demineralization procedures to study the interaction of different mineral groups during the supercritical interaction. Extraction experiments were done in a stainless steel autoclave of 75 ml capacity at 350{sup 0}C for 60 minutes. Effect of the toluene/kerogen ratio and reaction time on the recovery of organic material was studied.

Yurum, Y.; Karabakan, A. (Hacettepe Univ., Dept. of Chemistry, Beytepe, Ankara (TR))

1990-01-01

364

Antioxidant and Radical Scavenging Activity of Aerial Parts and Roots of Turkish Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza Glabra L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of lyophilized aqueous extract and ethanol extract of roots and barks of Turkish liquorices (Glycyrrhiza glabra L.) by employing various in vitro antioxidant assays such as DPPH scavenging activity, ABTS scavenging activity, DMPD scavenging activity, O2 scavenging activity, total antioxidant activity, Fe-Fe and Cu-Cu reducing abilities H2O2 scavenging and ferrous ions (Fe) chelating

Hatice Serbetci Tohma; Ilhami Gulçin

2010-01-01

365

Alternative Diesel Fuel Study on Four Different Types of Vegetable Oils of Turkish Origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, com, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20\\/80 (v\\/v). Blends were investigated in a diesel engine with a precombustion chamber at speeds between 1200 and 2100 rpm. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel, and fuel blends were characterized according to standard test methods.

TURGUT ÖZAKTA; F?L?Z KARAOSMANOGLU

1997-01-01

366

[Treatment results from inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation of Turkish migrants: a prospective study].  

PubMed

Psychosomatic rehabilitation and the concluding social-medical assessment constitute a particular challenge. The aim of this study was to examine whether inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation in the context of an integrated treatment concept, conducted in Turkish and German, is effective in the rehabilitation of Turkish migrant laborers, and what concluding socio-medical assessment results from this treatment. 195 Turkish patients--44 male and 151 female--received inpatient psychosomatic treatment for approximately 40 days. Sociodemographic, psychiatric and social-medical data were recorded, as well as Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R) testing upon admission and discharge. A predominant number of patients were laborers, with a low level of primary education, who were afflicted with psychosocial problems and dissatisfaction with their workplace and who first came into psychosomatic treatment many years following the onset of their illness. Many of them had a clearly defined desire to retire. At the end of their admission, a significant improvement in almost all the scales of the SCL-R-90 was ascertained on the one hand, but on the other, adequate socio-medical results were hardly observed. The symptoms' improvement would confirm that the combination of service offerings in Turkish and German proved themselves. A portion of the patients (approx. 40 %) were classified subsequent to treatment as capable of working for 6 hours or more. Nevertheless, approximately approx. 75 % still sought to retire. Timely psychosomatic treatment could counteract chronification of the illness and the establishment of a steadfast desire to enter retirement, and consequently represent an improvement in the prognosis. Likewise, consistent psychosomatic training of physicians, as well as systematic prophylactic measures with the migrant laborers, should be considered. PMID:16575693

Nickel, C; Lojewski, N; Muehlbacher, M; Cangoez, B; Müller-Rabe, T; Buschmann, W; Mitterlehner, F O; Lahmann, C; Egger, C; Kettler, C; Rother, N; Tritt, K; Bachler, E; Fartacek, R; Leiberich, P; Pedrosa Gil, F; Rother, W K; Loew, T H; Nickel, M

2006-03-01

367

The effect of heat treatment on the foaming properties of tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal food  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of heat treatment (simmering for 10min at atmospheric conditions) on the foaming capacity (FC) and foam stability (FS) of tarhana, a traditional Turkish cereal food, was investigated using response surface methodology with concentration (0.5–1.5% db) and whipping time (30–120s) being the independent variables. Regression equations for predicting the FC and FS were developed. The results were compared with

Esra ?bano?lu; ?enol ?bano?lu

1997-01-01

368

Mobilization of some trace elements from ashes of Turkish lignites in rain water  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short-term water solubility characteristics of bottom ashes and fly ashes from two important Turkish lignites were investigated in association with the concentrations of some heavy metals. For this, the alkaline ashes were interacted with acidic rain water and dilute acidic solutions for leaching times changing from 10min to 2days to assess the mobilization potential during ash–water interactions. The concentrations of

H. Haykiri-Acma; S. Yaman; N. Ozbek; S. Kucukbayrak

2011-01-01

369

Polymorphisms of vitamin D receptor gene in Turkish familial psoriasis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psoriasis is characterized by hyperproliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes, and inflammation. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin\\u000a D3, which is used for the treatment of psoriasis, binds to vitamin D receptor (VDR) and modulates gene transcription. We analyzed\\u000a VDR gene FokI, ApaI and TaqI polymorphisms in 51 Turkish familial psoriasis patients (psoriasis vulgaris and psoriatic arthritis)\\u000a and 100 healthy subjects, and evaluated the correlation

Didem Dayangac-Erden; Aysen Karaduman; Hayat Erdem-Yurter

2007-01-01

370

Urinary incontinence in Moroccan and Turkish women: a qualitative study on impact and preferences for treatment  

PubMed Central

Aim To gain insight into the impact of urinary incontinence on the daily lives of Moroccan and Turkish women and their preferences for treatment. Design of study A qualitative analysis of data from semi-structured in depth interviews with 30 Moroccan and Turkish migrant women with urinary incontinence. Setting Six general practices with large numbers of immigrant families in four cities in the Netherlands. Method Semi-structured in depth interviews were conducted with Moroccan and Turkish migrant women, who presented with complaints of urinary incontinence in six general practices with large numbers of immigrant families on the practice list in four different cities in the Netherlands. Results All the women adhered closely to bodily cleanliness and considered incontinence to be dirty. As Muslims, they were obliged to perform ritual prayers preceded by ablution five times per day and the urinary incontinence breached their status of ritual purity. Therefore, they had to wash more often and experienced this as a heavy burden. In a number of the women, shame formed a reason why they could not talk to anybody about the incontinence, not even with the doctor. One-third of the women felt that their GP had not taken them seriously. Knowledge about anatomy, physiology and available treatments was mostly lacking. In addition, the women did not understand the aim of the exercises from the physiotherapist. The majority of women gave preference to help from a female doctor. Conclusion Urinary incontinence in Moroccan and Turkish migrant women formed a considerable problem in their daily following of the Islam faith. Shame on the part of the patient and miscommunication at the doctor's surgery led to inadequate care.

van den Muijsenbergh, Maria ETC; Lagro-Janssen, Toine ALM

2006-01-01

371

Trace elements in the diets of Turkish children determined by INAA  

SciTech Connect

The role of toxic and essential trace elements in human diet is increasingly important because of environmental problems and the increasingly sophisticated industrial treatment of food products. Instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) is particularly well suited for multielement determinations. In order to test and demonstrated the usefulness of the method in connection with the fast pneumatic tube system of the Mainz TRIGA reactor, the authors have analyzed six diet samples of Turkish children.

Aras, N.K. (Middle East Technical Univ., Ankara (Turkey)); Mauerhofer, E.; Naidu, R.K.; Arcasoy, A.; Denschlag, H.O.

1992-01-01

372

Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

2008-01-01

373

The quality of life and self-efficacy of Turkish breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-efficacy has a positive effect on health behaviors, symptom control, compliance with cancer treatment, and quality of life. This study aims to describe the quality of life and self-efficacy of Turkish breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. The sample consisted of 141 patients. Data was gathered using a Patient Information Form, the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer (FACT-B), a scale

Semiha Akin; Gulbeyaz Can; Zehra Durna; Adnan Aydiner

2008-01-01

374

Novel compound heterozygous mutation in TREM2 found in a Turkish frontotemporal dementia-like family.  

PubMed

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) homozygous mutations cause Nasu-Hakola disease, an early-onset recessive form of dementia preceded by bone cysts and fractures. The same type of mutations has recently been shown to cause frontotemporal dementia (FTD) without the presence of any bone phenotype. Here, we further confirm the association of TREM2 mutations with FTD-like phenotypes by reporting the first compound heterozygous mutation in a Turkish family. PMID:23870839

Guerreiro, Rita; Bilgic, Basar; Guven, Gamze; Brás, José; Rohrer, Jonathan; Lohmann, Ebba; Hanagasi, Hasmet; Gurvit, Hakan; Emre, Murat

2013-12-01

375

Developing two different measures for assessing knowledge of and attitudes toward epilepsy for the Turkish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to develop two new scales for assessing Turkish public’s knowledge of epilepsy and attitudes toward it. A 26-item knowledge scale and a 15-item attitude scale were first developed and then tested using a random selection of adults aged ?18 n=613) from different parts of Istanbul. After item and factor analyses of the knowledge scale,

Nuran Aydemir

2008-01-01

376

Continuing Effects of Early Enrichment in Adult Life: The Turkish Early Enrichment Project 22 Years Later  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Long-term studies of early intervention, spanning over decades, are scarce in the United States and nonexistent in the rest of the world. The Turkish Early Enrichment Project (TEEP) is the only non-U.S. example to date. This paper reports a new follow-up assessment of the long-term outcomes of TEEP, an intervention carried out in 1983-1985 with…

Kagitcibasi, Cigdem; Sunar, Diane; Bekman, Sevda; Baydar, Nazli; Cemalcilar, Zeynep

2009-01-01

377

Assessing Adult Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Turkish Version of the Current Symptoms Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report normative data for a Turkish translation of the Current Symptoms Scale (CSS), a screening measure of adult attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The CSS yields 3 scores reflecting diagnostic criteria for: (1) ADHD, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type; (2) ADHD, predominantly inattentive type, and (3) ADHD, combined type. For comparison purposes, we also present normative data from a community sample in the

Ayse Aycicegi; Wayne M. Dinn; Catherine L. Harris

2003-01-01

378

Neurocognitive correlates of adult attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder in a Turkish sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

We established a neuropsychological testing profile among Turkish adults presenting with ADHD controlling for general intelligence\\u000a and comorbid psychiatric conditions. Adults with ADHD frequently present with comorbid conditions (e.g., mood and substance\\u000a use\\/abuse disorders) that may have a detrimental impact on neurocognitive function. Hence, we excluded patients with ADHD\\u000a meeting criteria for comorbid psychiatric syndromes. A comprehensive neuropsychological test battery

Ayse Aycicegi-Dinn; Sevinc Dervent-Ozbek; Yanki Yazgan; Duygu Bicer; Wayne M. Dinn

2011-01-01

379

Emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy: a study of Turkish EFL pre-service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence and teacher efficacy among 90 English language pre-service teachers from a university in Turkey. Data sources included Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk-Hoy’s Teachers’ Sense of Efficacy Scale and Reuven Bar-On’s Emotional Quotient Inventory. The findings indicated that Turkish EFL pre-service teachers felt more efficacious in managing the class rather than in making the class

Zeynep Koço?lu

2011-01-01

380

Path analysis of organizational commitment, job involvement and job satisfaction in Turkish hospitality industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to determine the structural relationships between job involvement, job satisfaction, and three dimensions of organizational commitment (i.e. affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance commitment) in the Turkish hospitality industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire survey was conducted among the full-time employees of five-star hotels in the Antalya region, which is an important tourism destination especially for

Ay?e Kuruüzüm; Emre Ipekçi Çetin; Sezgin Irmak

2009-01-01

381

Globalization and its challenges for developing countries: the case of Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators\\u000a in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After\\u000a a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each stage of development of Turkey’s\\u000a modern institutions of

Hanife Akar

2010-01-01

382

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students’ Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students’ interest in science by using their self-generated\\u000a questions. We investigated students’ interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among\\u000a them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample\\u000a may represent a group of students who have a

Gultekin Cakmakci; Hatice Sevindik; Meryem Pektas; Asli Uysal; Fatma Kole; Gamze Kavak

2011-01-01

383

Who is likely to quit nursing jobs? A study in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.  

PubMed

The study reported in this article examines the nature of relationships between organizational and personal resources and nurses' turnover intentions. A sample of 124 nurses in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus serves as the study setting. Results of the study reveal that a form of organizational support (empowerment) and two personal resources (customer orientation, job resourcefulness) are the best predictors of turnover intentions. Implications of these results are discussed and avenues for future research are offered. PMID:23458483

Yavas, Ugur; Karatepe, Osman M; Babakus, Emin

2013-01-01

384

Effect of Some Turkish Vegetable Oil-Diesel Fuel Blends on Exhaust Emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

For different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, com, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade No. 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20\\/80 (v\\/v). The effect of the compression ratio on exhaust emissions is investigated in an American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-cooperative fuel research (CFR) engine working with the mentioned fuel blends and

MET?N ERGENEMAN; TURGUT ÖZAKTA?; K. BARI? CI?IZO?LU; F?L?Z KARAOSMANO?LU; ERTU?RUL ARSLAN

1997-01-01

385

Trust as a determinant of entrepreneurs' preference to remain tenants in Turkish business incubators.  

PubMed

Relations of two types of trust by entrepreneurs with the entrepreneurs' preference to remain an incubator tenant were examined using questionnaire data from 67 owners of companies in 6 Turkish incubators. As hypothesized, trust in incubator management had a positive and unique relation with preference to remain an incubator tenant. However, trust in other incubator tenants did not show the hypothesized positive and unique relation with preference to remain a tenant; the results indicated the relation is negative. PMID:22049659

A?cigil, Semra F; Magner, Nace R; Temel, Elif Karabulut

2011-08-01

386

Waist Circumference Cutoff Points to Predict Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, and Cardiovascular Risk in Turkish Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective. The waist circumference (WC) cutoff levels defined for the Caucasian people may not be representative for different ethnic groups. We determined sex specific WC cutoff points to predict obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular risk in Turkish adults. Design and Methods. The demographic characteristics of 1898 adult males and 2308 nonpregnant females from 24 provinces of 7 different regions of Turkey (mean age 47 ± 14?yrs) were evaluated. Results. The WC levels of 90?cm and 100?cm define overweight and obese males while the levels of 80?cm and 90?cm define overweight and obese females. With these cutoff values, 239 additional males (12.6%) are diagnosed as overweight and 148 additional males (7.8%) as obese. Instead, 120 females (5.1%) are free of being labeled as obese. Conclusions. This is the first nationwide study to show the action levels of WC for overweight and obese Turkish adults. The ideal cutoff levels of WC to predict metabolic syndrome are 90?cm and 80?cm for Turkish adult men and women, respectively. These values are easy to implement and suggested to be used by the physicians dealing with cardiometabolic disorders in Turkey.

Bayram, Fahri; Barcin, Cem; Ozsan, Muge; Kaya, Ahmet; Gedik, Vedia

2013-01-01

387

Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks  

PubMed Central

Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed.

Wege, Briana Vander; Sanchez Gonzalez, Mayra L.; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M.; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

2014-01-01

388

Regional Crustal Velocity Models for Northern Arabian Platform and Turkish-Iranian Plateau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geological structure of the Northern Arabian platform and surrounding mountains is dominated by the collision and suturing of the Arabian plate with the Eurasian plate and the formation of the Turkish-Iranian plateau. The structure of the Northern Arabian platform and surrounding region is poorly constrained. A recent deployment of 10 broadband seismometers in northern and central Iraq provides an opportunity to refine velocity models of the region. We have applied the Niching Genetic Algorithm waveform inversion technique to Rayleigh and Love waves traversing the Northern Arabian platform, the Zagros fold belt, the southern Turkish Plateau, the Iranian Plateau. Results show variations in crustal thickness and shear wave velocity between the Northern Arabian platform and the Turkish-Iranian plateau. In general the shear wave velocities are higher in the Northern Arabian platform than in the Plateaus. Variation of shear velocities within each of the provinces reflects the diversity in tectonic environment across the Zagros fold belt and the complex tectonic history of the region. Crustal thickness results show little crustal thickening has occurred due to collision.

Aleqabi, G.; Wysession, M.; Ghalib, H.

2008-12-01

389

Mutualism, resource competition and opposing movements among Turkish organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin, 1965-2000.  

PubMed

This article seeks to understand environmental effects on associational interdependencies, be they competitive or collaborative, in a polarized organizational population. To do so, it builds on the density-dependent model and the ecology of ideologies. Especially interested in the effect of context on density-dependent processes, I compare different Turkish ideological movements in Amsterdam and Berlin. Amsterdam represents an open and supportive environment for such movements, whereas Berlin constitutes a more closed and hostile one. By analysing the founding and disbanding rates of Turkish immigrant organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin during the period 1965-2000, the article demonstrates how the increasing density of Turkish ideologies has affected interdependencies in two main ways: by heightening competition, particularly between ideologically similar organizations, and by increasing counter activities between opposing movements. It also shows that the influence of context is limited. An open environment does not significantly influence the vitality rates of ideologies or further collaboration among or between them. On the contrary, it seemingly increases competition and fragmentation because more resources and opportunities are available. More signs of collaboration and mutualism are found in Berlin's closed environment. PMID:23998320

Vermeulen, Floris

2013-09-01

390

Molecular identification, genotyping, and drug susceptibility of the basidiomycetous yeast pathogen Trichosporon isolated from Turkish patients.  

PubMed

Deep-seated infections due to Trichosporon species are emerging mycoses that have a very poor prognosis in patients with persistent neutropenia. This study elucidated the mycological characteristics of Trichosporon strains obtained from deep-seated infections in Turkish patients and identified by DNA sequence analysis of intergenic spacer (IGS) region 1 of the rDNA locus. In addition, we genotyped the major causative agent, T. asahii, and evaluated the in vitro drug susceptibility of the isolates. While 87 (81.3%) of the 107 isolates were T. asahii, the remaining 20 were T. faecale (14.0%), T. asteroids (0.9%), T. coremiiforme (0.9%), T. japonicum, (0.9%), T. lactis (0.9%), and a new species (0.9%). In addition to the eight known T. asahii genotypes, one novel genotype was identified. The distribution of the T. asahii genotypes in this study were genotype 1 (79.3%), followed by 5 (8.0%), 3 (6.9%), 6 (3.4%), 4 (1.1%), and 9 (1.1%). Turkish isolates showed low susceptibility to amphotericin B, 5-flucytosine, and fluconazole. Although relatively low minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were found with all drugs, voriconazole appeared to be the most active. The MICs of the non-Trichosporon asahiiTrichosporon species were similar to those of the T. asahii strains. Our findings suggest that Trichosporon species isolated from Turkish patients are more diverse than those reported from other countries. PMID:19462333

Kalkanci, Ayse; Sugita, Takashi; Arikan, Sevtap; Yucesoy, Mine; Ener, Beyza; Otag, Feza; Kiraz, Nuri; Kustimur, Semra; Sancak, Banu; Evci, Canan; Emektas, Gurol

2010-02-01

391

Common Mediterranean fever gene mutations in the Azeri Turkish population of Iran.  

PubMed

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder primarily affecting the Mediterranean populations. It is characterized by recurrent attacks of fever and inflammation of serosal membranes and gradual development of nephropathic amyloidosis. More than 70 disease-associated mutations have been identified in the Mediterranean fever gene (MEFV) responsible for FMF. The aim of this study was to determine the mutation carrier rate in the Iranian Azeri Turkish population. A cohort of 200 unrelated healthy individuals was screened for the five most common MEFV mutations (M694V, V726A, M680I, M694I, and E148Q) using the amplification refractory mutation system for the first four and by polymerase chain reaction-restriction-digestion testing for E148Q. Genotyping revealed that the carrier rate in the Azeri Turkish population was 25.5%, with E148Q being the most common mutation (11.5%) followed by V726A (1.75%). The remaining common mutations were not found in this cohort. Our data indicate that the FMF carrier rate and E148Q mutation frequency are high in the Iranian Azeri Turkish population. PMID:19929404

Bonyadi, Mortaza; Esmaeili, Mohsen; Karimi, Abbas; Dastgiri, Saeed

2010-02-01

392

Radiographic Study of the Prevalence of Dens Invaginatus in a Sample Set of Turkish Dental Patients  

PubMed Central

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dens invaginatus in a sample of Turkish dental patients. Materials and Methods: The sample included 6, 912 panoramic radiographs from different Turkish dental patients. The ages of the patients ranged from 18 to 50 years. A tooth was considered having dens invaginatus if an infolding of a radiopaque ribbon-like structure equal in density to enamel was seen extending from the cingulum into the root canal. Maxillary and mandibular teeth were evaluated on panoramic radiographs to determine the type of dens invaginatus using Oehlers’ classification. Results: The overall incidence of patients with dens invaginatus was 0.17%. Dens invaginatus were detected in 15 teeth of a total of 192 150 teeth to give a tooth prevalence of 0.008%. Maxillary lateral incisors were most commonly affected teeth in the mouth (80% of cases), followed by maxillary canine teeth (20% of cases). The bilateral incidence of a symmetrical distribution was 25%. Conclusion: The occurrence of dens invaginatus among this Turkish population was rare. Attention should be paid to the presence of dens invaginatus and the treatment problems associated with it.

Colak, Hakan; Tan, Enes; Ayl?kc?, Bahad?r Ugur; Uzgur, Recep; Turkal, Mustafa; Hamidi, Mehmet Mustafa

2012-01-01

393

The applicability of the "Sniffin' Sticks" olfactory test in a Turkish population  

PubMed Central

Background Olfactory assessment is often neglected in clinical practice, although olfactory loss can assist in diagnosis and may lead to significant morbidity. “Sniffin’ Sticks” is a modern test of nasal chemosensory performance that was developed in Germany and validated in many countries. Our aim was to validate the applicability of “Sniffin’ Sticks” in a Turkish population. Material/Methods The study included 123 healthy volunteers with a reported normal sense of smell and 51 patients complaining of a reduction in their olfactory function presenting either at rhinology or neurology clinics. The mean age of the subjects tested was 30.2±12.5 years in 126 males and 48 females. The participants were divided into 2 groups according to subjective olfactory function – healthy or abnormal. Each subject’s olfactory function was assessed using the “Sniffin’ Sticks” test. Results We found significant differences in “Sniffin’ Sticks” test results between the abnormal and healthy groups. In healthy subjects, the 10th percentiles of odor threshold score, odor discrimination score, odor identification score, and TDI score were 7.25, 12, 11, and 32, respectively. Considering the 2 groups together, apple and turpentine were the least well-recognized odors from the 16 odors presented. Conclusions Our study provides an update of normative values for routine clinical use of “Sniffin’ Sticks” in a Turkish population. Also, the present study validates that “Sniffin’ Sticks” olfactory test was applicable for clinical usage in a Turkish population.

Tekeli, Hakan; Altundag, Aytug; Salihoglu, Murat; Cayonu, Melih; Kendirli, Mustafa Tansel

2013-01-01

394

The Status of the Female Academicians in Turkish Universities During the Process of EU Admission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study is to reveal the status of the female academicians in Turkish universities during the process of EU admission. In this process, the geographical position and the importance of Turkey`s strategic position for various countries in the world and, especially for EU, the status of female academicians in several developed countries and the historical development of the female academicians in Turkish universities have been analysed. In addition, the distribution of the female academicians in basic fields in Turkey and in several other developed countries has been compared. The study showed that the number of the female academicians and professors in Turkey has been increasing rapidly and that they have achieved not only considerable progress in every echelon, but also a high rate of representation in certain scientific fields. Among the other important finding of the study is that Turkish women possess more career opportunities in higher education institutions in Turkey than in other developed countries although they reflect a lower level of higher education achievements and suffer economical difficulties at times due to sexual discrimination in public-however relative it may seem.

Ozel, Ali

395

Development of a problematic mobile phone use scale for Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Scale (PMPUS) for Turkish Adolescents. The psychometric properties of PMPUS were tested in two separate sample groups that consisted of 950 Turkish high school students. The first sample group (n=309) was used to determine the factor structure of the scale. The second sample group (n=461) was used to test data conformity with the identified structure, discriminant validity and concurrent scale validity, internal consistency reliability calculations, and item statistics calculations. The results of exploratory factor analyses indicated that the scale had three factors: interference with negative effect, compulsion/persistence, and withdrawal/tolerance. The results showed that item and construct reliability values yielded satisfactory rates in general for the three-factor construct. On the other hand, the average variance extracted value remained below the scale value for three subscales. The scores for the scale significantly correlated with depression and loneliness. In addition, the discriminant validity value was above the scale in all sub-dimensions except one. Based on these data, the reliability of the PMPUS scale appears to be satisfactory and provides good internal consistency. Therefore, with limited exception, the PMPUS was found to be reliable and valid in the context of Turkish adolescents. PMID:22304426

Güzeller, Cem Oktay; Co?guner, Tolga

2012-04-01

396

Z-Score Reference Values for Height in Turkish Children Aged 6 to 18 Years  

PubMed Central

Ob­jec­ti­ve: Standard deviation score or Z-score reference charts are used in some countries in preference to percentile charts and are considered as better tools in assessing children with measurements outside the accepted limits of normality. Growth data for Istanbul children have previously been reported as percentiles; hence, the aim of this study is to present these data in Z-score reference tables. Data on secular trend in height in Turkish children will also be presented. Methods: Height and weight data based on a total of 11 664 height and 11 655 weight measurements in 1100 boys and 1020 girls between 6 and 18 years of age obtained by biannual visits to schools were analyzed. All children came from well-to-do families and were all healthy. All measurements were made by two trained technicians. The LMS method was used in the analyses. The results were expressed as Z-score values for age. Results: Heights of the boys and girls in all age groups were close to the updated USA growth references and showed an upward trend from previous data on Turkish children. Conclusions: Height growth in Turkish school-age children of high socioeconomic level conforms to the updated growth data for USA children and also shows a secular trend. The data also point to the importance of updating local growth data periodically.

Gunoz, Hulya; Bundak, Ruveyde; Furman, Andrzej; Darendeliler, Feyza; Saka, Nurcin; Bas, Firdevs; Neyzi, Olcay

2014-01-01

397

Diversities Between the Regulations of Turkish Accounting Standard Setters: A Brief History of Turkiye’s Twentieth Century Accounting Standardization Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the evolution of Turkish accounting standards to ascertain the extent of differences in Turkiye’s accounting practices among the different governmental Standard setter’s regulations during the twentieth century. The research results show that the accounting standards had set by the public corporates own self as parallel to economic policies of Turkish Ministry of Finance and money policies of

Hilmi Erdogan Yayla

2006-01-01

398

Factor Structure of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire in Turkish Children and Gender, Grade-Level, and Socioeconomic Status Differences in Reactive and Proactive Aggression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to evaluate the factor structure of the Reactive-Proactive Aggression Questionnaire (RPQ) with Turkish children, and to investigate gender, grade-level, and socioeconomic status (SES) differences in reactive and proactive aggression. Participants consisted of 1,081 Turkish children (544 boys and 537 girls) aged 9 to 14…

Uz Bas, Asli; Yurdabakan, Irfan

2012-01-01

399

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

400

Reducing unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics for acute cough: Adaptation of a leaflet aimed at Turkish immigrants in Germany  

PubMed Central

Background The reduction in the number of unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics has become one of the most important objectives for primary health care. German GPs report that they are under "pressure to prescribe" antibiotics particularly in consultations with Turkish immigrants. And so a qualitative approach was used to learn more about the socio-medical context of Turkish patients in regard to acute coughs. A German leaflet designed to improve the doctor-patient communication has been positively tested and then adapted for Turkish patients. Methods The original leaflet was first translated into Turkish. Then 57 patients belonging to 8 different GPs were interviewed about the leaflet using a semi-standardised script. The material was audio recorded, fully transcribed, and analysed by three independent researchers. As a first step a comprehensive content analysis was performed. Secondly, elements crucial to any Turkish version of the leaflet were identified. Results The interviews showed that the leaflets' messages were clearly understood by all patients irrespective of age, gender, and educational background. We identified no major problems in the perception of the translated leaflet but identified several minor points which could be improved. We found that patients were starting to reconsider their attitudes after reading the leaflet. Conclusion The leaflet successfully imparted relevant and new information to the target patients. A qualitative approach is a feasible way to prove general acceptance and provides additional information for its adaptation to medico-cultural factors.

Sahlan, Selime; Wollny, Anja; Brockmann, Silke; Fuchs, Angela; Altiner, Attila

2008-01-01

401

Comparison of Perinatal Data of Immigrant Women of Turkish Origin and German Women - Results of a Prospective Study in Berlin  

PubMed Central

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare obstetrical process indicators and outcomes for German women with women of Turkish origin residing in Germany. Do women of Turkish origin attend antenatal examinations as frequently as non-immigrant women? Are high-risk pregnancies and anemia more common among immigrant women? Are the rates for epidural analgesia (PDA) and combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSE) during delivery the same for immigrant women compared to German women? Are there identifiable differences in the mode of delivery and in perinatal outcomes? Patient Population/Methods: Data were obtained from 3 maternity clinics in Berlin for the period 2011 to 2012. The questionnaires covered socio-demographic factors and information on prenatal care as well as immigration/acculturation. The data obtained from these questionnaires was supplemented by information obtained from the official maternal record of prenatal and natal care (Mutterpass) and perinatal data recorded by the clinic. Results: The response rate was 89.6?%; the data of 1277 women of Turkish origin who had immigrated to Germany or whose family had immigrated and of 2991 non-immigrant women in Germany were included in the study. Regression analysis showed no statistically significant difference in the number of antenatal examinations between immigrant and non-immigrant women. Women of Turkish origin born in Germany had a significantly higher risk of postpartum anemia. PDA/CSE rate, arterial umbilical cord pH and 5-minute Apgar scores did not differ. The incidence of cesarean sections (elective and secondary) was significantly lower in the population of immigrant women of Turkish origin. Conclusion: Outcomes for most perinatal parameters were comparable for immigrant and non-immigrant women. These results indicate that the achieved standards of antenatal care and medical care during pregnancy are similar for Turkish immigrant women compared to non-immigrant women in maternity clinics in Berlin. The higher rates of anemia among immigrant women should be targeted by preventive measures.

David, M.; Borde, T.; Brenne, S.; Ramsauer, B.; Henrich, W.; Breckenkamp, J.; Razum, O.

2014-01-01

402

Ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol among Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch ethnic groups living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Background High total cholesterol and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol are important determinants of cardiovascular disease. Little is known about dyslipidemia among Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest ethnic minority groups in several European countries. This study examines ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol levels between Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan ethnic groups. Methods Data were collected in the setting of a general health survey, in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, in 2004. Total response rate was 45% (Dutch: 46%, Turks: 50%, Moroccans: 39%). From 1,220 adults information on history of hypercholesterolemia, lifestyle and demographic background was obtained via health interviews. In a physical examination measurements of anthropometry and blood pressure were performed and blood was collected. Total and HDL cholesterol were determined in serum. Results Total cholesterol levels were lower and hypercholesterolemia was less prevalent among the Moroccan and Turkish than the Dutch ethnic population. HDL cholesterol was also relatively low among these migrant groups. The resulting total/HDL cholesterol ratio was particularly unfavourable among the Turkish ethnic group. Controlling for Body Mass Index and alcohol abstinence substantially attenuated ethnic differences in HDL cholesterol levels and total/HDL cholesterol ratio. Conclusions Total cholesterol levels are relatively low in Turkish and Moroccan migrants. However part of this advantage is off-set by their relatively low levels of HDL cholesterol, resulting in an unfavourable total/HDL cholesterol ratio, particularly in the Turkish population. Important factors in explaining ethnic differences are the relatively high Body Mass Index and level of alcohol abstinence in these migrant groups.

2010-01-01

403

Low enriched uranium foil plate target for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low enriched uranium foil (19.99% 235U) will be used as target material for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1). LEU foil plate target proposed by University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) will be irradiated in PARR-1 for the production of 100Ci of Molybdenum-99 at the end of irradiation, which will be sufficient to prepare required 99Mo/ 99mTc generators at Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad (PINSTECH) and its supply in the country. Neutronic and thermal hydraulic analysis for the fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1 has been performed. Power levels in target foil plates and their corresponding irradiation time durations were initially determined by neutronic analysis to have the required neutron fluence. Finally, the thermal hydraulic analysis has been carried out for the proposed design of the target holder using LEU foil plates for fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1. Data shows that LEU foil plate targets can be safely irradiated in PARR-1 for production of desired amount of fission Molybdenum-99.

Mushtaq, A.; Iqbal, Masood; Bokhari, Ishtiaq Hussain; Mahmood, Tayyab

2009-04-01

404

HLA antigens in Beh?et's disease: a reappraisal by a comparative study of Turkish and British patients.  

PubMed Central

We have compared the distribution of histocompatibility antigens of 22 Turkish and 14 British patients with Behçet's disease with those of their respective controls. There was a strong association of B5, specifically its Bw51 split, with the disease. A modest increase in the incidence of HLA B27 was noted in British patients, but numbers were too small for analysis. The incidence of DRw2 and DRw4 antigens among Turkish and British patients did not differ from that of their respective controls.

Yazici, H; Chamberlain, M A; Schreuder, I; D'Amaro, J; Muftuoglu, M

1980-01-01

405

The Role of Agriculture in Turkish Economy at the Beginning of the European Union Accession Negotiations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, Turkish economy and importance of agriculture in the economy on the way of accession negotiations to the European Union (EU) are discussed. Compliance with EU norms based on macroeconomic indicators is evaluated. Turkish economy exhibits the characteristics of a developing economy based on per capita income, economic growth, employment, income distribution, foreign trade volume and economic structure. Long-term economic growth rate of Turkey is quite low and it is negatively affected by economic crises. Income distribution among the households and the regions (both of the geographical and rural-urban regions) is imbalanced. Income per capita is about ¼ of an average developed country and the economy is still characterized by a high degree of dualism in the economic sectors, regions as well as social segments. Economy suffers from trade deficit and the level of agricultural import has almost reached to agricultural export`s level in 2004. From the point of view of all socio-economic indicators, the contribution of agricultural production to domestic economy is essential in terms of employment, contributing to national income and export earnings. The enterprise size is relatively small, duality in socio-economic structure is common, population is high, productivity level is low, costs are high and competition power of some sub-sectors is low in Turkish agricultural sector. Small family farms are the main unit of crops and livestock production and household members provide most of the labor requirements of the farms. Turkey launched a radical change in agricultural policy instead of unsustainable and costly system of support policies including input subsidies and support prices and issued a policy paper for 2006-2010 in line with the Common Agricultural Policy of the EU. Reevaluation of the agricultural policies is needed in order to minimize the regional development differences and to control the migration from rural areas to cities.

Tanrivermis, Harun; Bulbul, Mehmet

406

An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites. PMID:18570568

Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

2008-05-01

407

Validation of the Turkish version of the quality of recovery-40 questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The Quality of Recovery-40 questionnaire (QoR-40) is a self-rated questionnaire used to assess the postoperative recovery quality and health status of patients in the early stages following surgery; however, there is no Turkish version of the QoR-40. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Turkish version of the QoR-40 (QoR-40 T). Methods After the approval of the ethics committee, a total of 137 patients completed the questionnaire during the preoperative period, on the third day, and one month after surgery. The quality of life was evaluated by using a health-related quality of life questionnaire (Short-Form Health Survey-36; SF-36) on the third day and one month after surgery. Reliability, feasibility, and validity were assessed to validate the QoR-40 T. Results The Cronbach’s alpha of the global QoR-40 T on the third day after surgery was 0.936. A positive moderate correlation was obtained between the physical comfort, emotional state, physical independence, and pain dimensions of the QoR-40 T and the physical component summary, mental health, physical functioning, and bodily pain subscales of the SF-36 on the third day after surgery, respectively (physical comfort - physical component summary, ??=?0.292, p?=?0.001; emotional state - mental health, ??=?0.252, p?=?0.003; physical independence - physical functioning, ??=?0.340, p?Turkish population.

2014-01-01

408

A Three-Dimensional Seismic Velocity Model of the Arabian Plate, Iranian and Turkish Plateaus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Translational and rotational interaction between the Arabian, African and Eurasian plates over time has resulted in a challenging seismotectonic framework that is least understood in the Middle East region, in particular. Sea floor spreading along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, transform faulting along the Dead Sea and Own fracture zone, and compressional suture zones form the seismic and tectonic boundaries between the Arabian plate, the Iranian and Turkish plateaus. One objective of this effort is to map the three-dimensional shear-wave velocity variation using surface waves recorded by the broadband stations of North Iraq Seismographic Network (NISN), re-established Iraq Seismographic Network (ISN), and local stations of the Global Seismographic Network (GSN). Analysis of the seismograms netted a new seismicity map for the region consisting of about 2000 well located small to medium size earthquakes using all available phase arrivals including those published by the neighboring Syrian, Iranian and Turkish networks. Analysis of Rayleigh wave pure-path dispersion curves produced detailed maps showing the lateral and vertical variation of seismic velocities throughout the Middle East. These maps show a thick (10-15km) sedimentary layer that overlay the crystalline basement and a Conrad and Moho discontinuities at depths of 20-25km and 45-55km, respectively. The maps also show that the Arabian plate exhibits higher shear-wave velocities than found across the Turkish and Iranian plateaus; imprint of the Zagros Mountain roots extends down as deep as the Moho; and that the tectonic boundaries along the Dead Sea, Taurus and Zagros are more pronounced with depth describing a 60km or thicker Arabian plate. Future plans involving body wave velocity tomography modeling, high frequency wave attenuation, and moment tensor analysis to estimate the focal mechanism and magnitude of events are in preparation.

Ghalib, Hafidh; Gritto, Roland; Sibol, Matthew; Herrmann, Robert; Aleqabi, Ghassan; Carron, Pierre; Wagner, Robert; Ali, Bakir; Ali, Ali

2010-05-01

409

Rapid screening of 12 common mutations in Turkish GSD 1a patients using electronic DNA microarray.  

PubMed

Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the G6PC gene encoding glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase), a key enzyme for the maintenance of glucose homeostasis. Molecular analysis is a reliable and accurate way of diagnosing GSD Ia without to need for invasive liver biopsies for enzyme tests. In some ethnic groups and geographic regions, allelic homogeneity was detected in GSD Ia. In the present study, the most common 12 mutations in the world were searched by microelectronic array technology, a new method, in 27 Turkish patients diagnosed for GSD Ia and the relation between detected mutations and clinical and laboratory findings was investigated. Mutations causing the disease were detected in 45 (83.3%) of 54 alleles screened in the cases with GSD Ia. Allelic frequency of mutations (p.R83C, p.G270V, p.G188R, p.W77R) looked for were found as 68.5%, 7.4%, 3.7%, and 3.7%, respectively. p.G188R mutation was detected for the first time in a patient of Turkish origin. Eight (p.R170Q, p.Q347X, c.79delC, c.380_381insTA, p.D38V, p.W63X, c.648G>T, c.979_981delTTC) of 12 mutations looked for were coincided in none of the patients. The patient with homozygous p.W77R mutation seemed to present milder clinical and laboratory findings, compared to other patients. In conclusion, we suggest that microarray technology, which allows rapid analysis of frequently detected mutations and has considerably lower costs than other methods, can be successfully used in diagnosis of GSD Ia in populations with allelic homogeneity, such as patients of Turkish origin, instead of screening the whole gene. PMID:23352793

Eminoglu, Tuba Fatma; Ezgu, Fatih Süheyl; Hasanoglu, Alev; Tumer, Leyla

2013-04-15

410

The characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish High School students.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was examine the characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish high school students and to investigate the contribution of sociodemographic variables on this second individuation process of adolescence. The sample consisted of 618 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 in three urban and two rural high schools (338 females and 280 males). Measures used included a demographic questionnaire and the Separation-Individuation Test of Adolescence (SITA), developed by Levin, Green, and Millon (1986). Results indicated that the 16-year-old group had significantly higher mean scores on the Engulfment Anxiety, Dependency Denial, and Rejection Expectancy subscales than the 15-year-old group. Males had significantly higher scores on the Practicing-Mirroring subscale than girls. Tenth graders had significantly higher mean scores on the Practicing-Mirroring, Nurturance Seeking, Peer Enmeshment, Teacher Enmeshment, and Healthy Separation subscales but the mean scores on the Dependency Denial and Engulfment Anxiety subscales decreased. The means scores on the Practicing-Mirroring, Dependency, Denial, Separation Anxiety, Teacher Enmeshment, and Rejection Expectancy subscales were significantly different among the socioeconomic status groups. Also, rural adolescents can be distinguished from urban counterparts by their increased tendency to perceive themselves as self-centered, to experience separation anxiety, to seek close interpersonal ties with caretakers, teachers, and peers, and by an integration of needs for dependence and independence. The general pattern of results investigating the separation-individuation development of Turkish adolescents suggested that compared with individualistic Western cultures, Turkish culture stressed the importance of connection as well as separation and psychic restructuring and interpersonal relatedness changes leading to an autonomous self within relational contexts. PMID:16689449

Tamar, Müge; Bildik, Tezan; Kösem, Figen Sen; Kesikçi, Hande; Tatar, Arkun; Yaman, Bora; Erermis, Serpil; Ozbaran, Burcu

2006-01-01

411

Sitting height and sitting height/height ratio references for Turkish children.  

PubMed

Sitting height (SHt) measurements and sitting height/height (SHt/Ht) ratio are important criteria in the diagnosis of growth problems and particularly in the diagnosis of dysproportionate growth. It is known that body proportions are related to genetic influences and show variations among different populations. This study aimed to provide reference data on SHt and SHt/Ht ratios for Turkish children of ages 6-18 years. SHt measurements were performed on a sample of 1,100 boys and 1,020 girls between 6 and 18 years of age attending primary and secondary schools located in six different districts of Istanbul city. Criteria advanced by WHO for establishing reference standards for growth were observed in the study design. The sample consisted of a mixture of children measured only once and those measured at follow-up over different periods of time. Parallel to increase in Ht, SHt increased with age. Mean value for SHt/Ht ratio was 55-56 % at ages 6 to 8.5 years in both sexes. In girls, this value started to decrease at age 11.5 years and remained between 53 % and 54 % thereafter. In the boys, a decrease to 52-53 % was noted in the SHt/Ht ratio after age 12 years. In both sexes, SHt/Ht ratio decreased with puberty, demonstrating that growth in trunk length exceeded growth in limb length in midpubertal ages. These changes occurred at an earlier age in the girls. Values obtained for SHt/Ht ratios in Turkish children were high as compared to Dutch children and low as compared to Chinese children. Conclusion: This study, by providing reference data on sitting height and sitting height/height ratios in Turkish children of ages between 6 and 18 years, will be useful in the diagnosis and follow-up of children with growth problems. This study also supports the view that body proportions are influenced by genetic makeup. PMID:24401935

Bundak, Rüveyde; Bas, Firdevs; Furman, Andrzej; Günöz, Hülya; Darendeliler, Feyza; Saka, Nurçin; Poyrazo?lu, Sükran; Neyzi, Olcay

2014-07-01

412

Applicability of the Demirjian method for dental assessment of southern Turkish children.  

PubMed

Age-related legal problems are especially common in underdeveloped parts of Turkey. In terms of civil and criminal law, the ages from 13 years to 18 years are critical in our country. Estimation of age is a very significant in aspect of accordance with laws. The aims of this study were to evaluate the applicability and accuracy of the Demirjian technique for assessing southern Turkish children; to analyze the sexual dimorphism of dental age in the studied groups; and to define the relationship between the dental age and the degree of mineralization in mandibular permanent tooth in southern Turkish children. This study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 932 healthy southern Turkish children, 444 girls and 488 boys aged between 4 and 18 years. Statistical evaluations were performed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for Windows 13.0 software. The mean difference between dental and chronological age was calculated for each age and sex group. The paired t-test was used to compare all data. The chi-square test was used for between-group comparisons of categorical variables. Continuous variables were tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Relationships between continuous variables were examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. The same observer re-examined 700 teeth three months after the first examination. The results were evaluated with the intraclass correlation test and both measurements were statistically significantly similar with each other(R = 0.982, p = 0.0001). .Dental age (DA) and chronological age (CA) were consistent for boys in the 16-16.9 age group and for girls in the 9-9.9 and 15-15.9 age groups. From this study, we can conclude that dental age varies across ethnic populations. Additionally, dental maturation varies across different regions of the same country. Because Demirjian's standards are not suitable for all age groups of southern Turkish children, a new table is necessary for evaluating this population. Future studies using multi-ethnic population data are needed to establish the international applicability of Demirjian's method. PMID:24931852

Celik, Salih; Zeren, Cem; Celikel, Adnan; Yengil, Erhan; Altan, Ahmet

2014-07-01

413

Relationship between hopelessness, loneliness, and perceived social support from family in Turkish patients with cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Life-threatening diseases such as cancer can create hopelessness and loneliness by altering the lifestyle of the patient and\\u000a family. Perceived social support may facilitate coping with illness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship\\u000a between hopelessness, loneliness, and perceived social support from family in Turkish patients with cancer.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  This study involved 188 patients with cancer. The data

Seda Pehlivan; Ozlem Ovayolu; Nimet Ovayolu; Alper Sevinc; Celalettin Camci

414

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with autonomic crises: a Turkish variant of familial dysautonomia?  

PubMed

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies have different phenotypes. We report 2 cousins with differing clinical courses of a hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy. The progressive disease in case 1 is dominated by loss of sensation, autonomic crises, and pain. Case 2 shows loss of sensation, mental retardation, and deafness, clinically similar to patients with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II. Detailed molecular studies in case 1 for all known genes that are associated with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies were negative. However, the occurrence of the 2 cases within 1 kindred makes a common genetic background likely. We, therefore, propose a Turkish variant of familial dysautonomia in these 2 patients. PMID:22140130

Koy, Anne; Freynhagen, Rainer; Mayatepek, Ertan; Tibussek, Daniel

2012-02-01

415

Effect of some Turkish vegetable oil-diesel fuel blends on exhaust emissions  

SciTech Connect

For different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade No. 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). The effect of the compression ratio on exhaust emissions is investigated in an American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-cooperative fuel research (CFR) engine working with the mentioned fuel blends and a baseline diesel fuel. A decrease in soot, CO, CO{sub 2}, and HC emissions and an increase in NO{sub x} emissions have been observed for fuel blends compared to diesel fuel.

Ergeneman, M.; Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F.; Arslan, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey)

1997-10-01

416

Alternative diesel fuel study on four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin  

SciTech Connect

Four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). Blends were investigated in a diesel engine with a precombustion chamber at speeds between 1,200 and 2,100 rpm. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel, and fuel blends were characterized according to standard test methods. It was found that for short-term use, the fuel blends have engine characteristics similar to the baseline diesel fuel. Fuel blends also display less smoke emissions than diesel fuel.

Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F. [Istanbul Technical Univ., Istanbul (Turkey)

1997-02-01

417

Environmental exposure to tremolite asbestos: pleural mesothelioma in two Turkish workers in Germany.  

PubMed

This report concerns two Turkish immigrant workers, aged 50 and 59, who developed histologically confirmed diffuse malignant mesothelioma in the absence of obvious occupational exposure to asbestos in Germany. Both patients had spent their childhood in central Anatolia, Turkey, where the presence of tremolite asbestos in the environment has been described. In both patients, the lung-dust burden showed a high concentration of amphibole fibers (186 x 10(6) resp. 59 x 10(6) per gram dry tissue), mainly classified as actionolite/tremolite fibers in scanning transmission electron microscopy. In both patients, the disease was thus attributed to early environmental exposure to tremolite asbestos. PMID:9987816

Schneider, J; Rödelsperger, K; Brückel, B; Kayser, K; Woitowitz, H J

1998-01-01

418

College Science Teaching Changing to Mirror Real Science in Turkish Higher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

College science is often poorly taught and it is rare that any consideration is given to the nine visions for reform of science teaching featured in the National Science Education Standards (NSES) (NRC 1996, p. 52). It is even more rare to see interdisciplinary science courses taught in colleges. At many universities, this is changing where there are Science-Technology-Society (STS) enthusiasts. For example, Clemson University (Cheek 2006) is struggling with developing such courses as part of their general education requirements for all undergraduates and similar changes are occurring in Turkish higher education.

Dogan, Alev; Kaya, Osman N.; Yager, Robert

2007-07-01

419

An autosomal recessive adducted thumb-club foot syndrome observed in Turkish cousins.  

PubMed

Male and female cousins, the offspring of consanguineous Turkish parents, have been affected by a hitherto unreported combination of problems comprising moderate to severe psychomotor developmental delay, ocular anterior chamber abnormality, facial dysmorphisms (broad, bossed forehead, late-closing fontanelle, telecanthus, downslanting palpebral fissures, posteriorly rotated ears, downturned angles of mouth), arachnodactyly and distal arthrogryposis with severely adducted thumbs and club feet. This striking phenotype has some similarities with the multiple pterygium syndrome (Escobar syndrome), but it most likely represents a distinct condition caused by an autosomal recessive gene defect. PMID:9084938

Dundar, M; Demiryilmaz, F; Demiryilmaz, I; Kumandas, S; Erkilic, K; Kendirci, M; Tuncel, M; Ozyazgan, I; Tolmie, J L

1997-01-01

420

Population genetics of 17 Y-STR markers in Turkish Cypriots from Cyprus.  

PubMed

We analyzed seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) [DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385a/b, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y-GATA-H4, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS448] in 253 unrelated, male individuals from the Turkish Cypriot population of the Eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. While 206 out of the 253 haplotypes present in the dataset were unique, there are also 22 haplotypes that were observed in two individuals each, and 1 haplotype that was observed in three individuals. While no locus duplications or null alleles were observed in our dataset, we have detected 43 allelic variants in total, the majority of which (25 out of 253 haplotypes or 9.88%) comprised of .2 intermediate variants at the DYS458 locus (alleles 16.2, 17.2, 18.2, 19.2, and 20.2). For the 229 different haplotypes observed in the Turkish Cypriot dataset, the calculated discrimination capacity (DC) was 0.9051 and the haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.9992. The calculated average gene diversity (GD) values ranged from 0.3828 to 0.9631 for the DYS392 and DYS385a/b loci, respectively. Pairwise genetic distance comparisons of the Turkish Cypriot Y-STR dataset with those from the neighbouring (Turkey, Greece, Israel/Palestinian Authority area, Egypt and Italy) and relatively distant (Lithuania, Taiwan and Australia) countries through the use of analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and multi-dimensional scaling (MDS) analyses confirmed that our data do not deviate significantly from the typical core haplotypes of the Eastern Mediterranean region. The Turkish Cypriot Y-STR haplotype dataset will find an immediate use in the Committee on Missing Persons in Cyprus Project on the "Exhumation, Identification and Return of Remains of Missing Persons" and it is also expected to contribute to the establishment of forensic genetic services in North Cyprus. PMID:24507085

Teral?, K; Zorlu, T; Bulbul, O; Gurkan, C

2014-05-01

421

Challenges in access to health services and its impact on quality of life: a randomised population-based survey within Turkish speaking immigrants in London  

PubMed Central

Background and aim There are a significant number of Turkish speaking immigrants living in London. Their special health issues including women's health, mental health, and alcohol and smoking habits has been assessed. The aim of this study was to explore the ongoing challenges in access to health care services and its impact on Quality of Life of immigrants. Material and methods This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted between March and August 2010 with Turkish immigrants (n = 416) living in London. Of these, 308 (74%) were Turkish and 108 (26%) were Turkish Cypriots. All healthy or unhealthy adults of 17-65 years of age were enrolled. A structured questionnaire with 44 items in five subcategories and 26-items WHOQOL BREF were used. Results Mean duration of stay for Turkish Cypriots (26.9 ± 13.9 years) was significantly longer than Turkish immigrants (13.3 ± 7.5) (p < 0.001). Turkish immigrants (n = 108, 36.5%) need interpretation more often when using health services than Turkish Cypriots (n = 16, 15%) (p < 0.001). Multivariate analyses suggested significant effects of older age, non-homeownership, low socioeconomic class, poor access to health services, being ill, poor community integration and being obese on physical well-being and also significant effects of low income and poor community integration on perceived overall Quality of Life (WHOQOL) of the participants. Conclusions The results of this study demonstrate how the health and well-being of members of the Turkish speaking community living in London are affected by social aspects of their lives. Providing culturally competent care and interpretation services and advocacy may improve the accessibility of the health care.

2012-01-01

422

Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

Basbagi, R. Ragip

2012-01-01

423

Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

2014-01-01

424

Screening of the antioxidative properties and total phenolic contents of three endemic Tanacetum subspecies from Turkish flora  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methanolic extracts of three different Tanacetum subspecies [Tanacetum densum (Lab.) Schultz Bip. subsp. sivasicum Hub-Mor and Grierson, Tanacetum densum (Lab.) Schultz Bip. subsp. eginense Heywood and Tanacetum densum (Lab.) Schultz Bip. subsp. amani Heywood] which are endemic to Turkish flora were screened for their possible antioxidant activities by two complementary test systems namely DPPH free radical scavenging and ?-carotene\\/linoleic acid.

Bektas Tepe; Atalay Sokmen

2007-01-01

425

A Proposal of "Applied Social Activities" Module for Undergraduate Program of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, it was aimed to determine the views on the contributions provided for the prospective teachers with the course of Applied Social Activities suggested to be in the undergraduate program of the Turkish Language and Literature Teaching. A qualitative research method was used in order to evaluate the views of prospective teachers about…

Sarac, Cemal

2011-01-01

426

Turkish Pre-Service Science and Mathematics Teachers' Computer Related Self-Efficacies, Attitudes, and the Relationship between These Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish pre-service science and mathematics teachers' computer self-efficacies (CSEs) and computer attitude (CA) considering gender, year in program, and computer ownership as independent variables. Additionally the study aimed to examine the relationship between CSE and CA. Computer Self-efficacy Scale…

Pamuk, Savas; Peker, Deniz

2009-01-01

427

Influence of gender, program of study and PC experience on unethical computer using behaviors of Turkish undergraduate students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205–215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an impact on ethical judgments of undergraduate students regarding information and

Yavuz Akbulut; Ömer Uysal; Hatice Ferhan Odabasi; Abdullah Kuzu

2008-01-01

428

The Reasons for Unethical Behavior in the Turkish Custom Services from Employees' and Citizens' Points of View  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no limit to the potential of individuals and organizations behaving unethically. Unfortunately, this potential is too frequently felt, in that unethical organizational practices are very commonplace. This article explores what accounts for unethical actions in public organizations, more specifically, why public servants commit those unethical practices from the points of view of employees and citizens, taking The Turkish

Hamza Ate?; Tuncay Gülo?lu; Muharrem Es

2012-01-01

429

Psychological wellbeing of Turkish university students with physical impairments: An evaluation within the stress-vulnerability paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally, universities in developing countries offer little in the way of provisions and support (material, emotional, etc.) for disabled students. Therefore, disabled students experience considerable burdens and barriers in their educational life. This study investigated the psychological wellbeing of disabled Turkish university students by examining influences on stress-related growth and psychological distress. Disability is defined within the framework of a

Mujde Koca-Atabey; A. Nuray Karanci; Gulay Dirik; Deniz Aydemir

2011-01-01

430

Children of Turkish Immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands: The Impact of Differences in Vocational and Academic Tracking Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Much research is being done on Turkish immigrants and their children in Germany and the Netherlands, but almost always from a national perspective. To compare the situation, for example, regarding educational outcomes across the two countries has proved to be very difficult because of different sets, selection criteria, and…

Crul, Maurice; Schneider, Jens

2009-01-01

431

Verbal short-term memory and vocabulary development in monolingual Dutch and bilingual Turkish-Dutch preschoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With increasing immigration, bilingualism has become part and parcel of the everyday lives of many children. Although research indicates that under favourable circumstances bilingual children can become balanced bilinguals, especially immigrant children seem to have difficulty coping with the language of schooling. In the current thesis, 67 Turkish-Dutch immigrant children and 72 Dutch native speakers were followed during their kindergarten

M. H. Messer

2010-01-01

432

Turkish K12 Teachers' Intentions toward New Communicational Technologies: Building an Effective Technology Plan via the Theory of Planned Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this qualitative research is to find out Turkish K12 teachers' intentions toward New Communication Technologies (NCTs) that they redesign and revolutionize their new roles in these new interactive milieus carefully. In this study, the K12 teachers' intentions are indications of their readiness and immediate antecedent of…

Kurubacak, Gulsun

2005-01-01

433

Development of a Personality Test Battery to be Used in Officer Selection in the Turkish Armed Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is an earlier step in the development of a personality test battery to be used in the selection of officers recruited from outside sources in the Turkish Armed Forces. Prior to this study, five personality dimensions were identified as being re...

H. C. Sumer K. Demirutku N. Sahin N. Sahin N. Sumer

2000-01-01

434

Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

2013-01-01

435

Influence of Gender, Program of Study and PC Experience on Unethical Computer Using Behaviors of Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205-215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an…

Akbulut, Y.; Uysal, O.; Odabasi, H. F.; Kuzu, A.

2008-01-01

436

Your Verbal Zone: An Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning Program in Support of Turkish Learners' Vocabulary Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of an intelligent computer-assisted language learning (ICALL) program on Turkish learners' vocabulary learning. Within the scope of this research, an ICALL application with a morphological analyser (Your Verbal Zone, YVZ) was developed and used in an English language preparatory class to measure its…

Esit, Omer

2011-01-01

437

Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

2011-01-01

438

A new classification of the Turkish terranes and sutures and its implication for the paleotectonic history of the region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Turkish part of the Tethyan realm is represented by a series of terranes juxtaposed through Alpine convergent movements and separated by complex suture zones. Different terranes can be defined and characterized by their dominant geological background. The Pontides domain represents a segment of the former active margin of Eurasia, where back-arc basins opened in the Triassic and separated the

Patrice Moix; Laurent Beccaletto; Heinz W. Kozur; Cyril Hochard; François Rosselet; Gérard M. Stampfli

2008-01-01

439

Effectiveness of an intercultural module added to the treatment guidelines for Moroccan and Turkish patients with depressive and anxiety disorders  

PubMed Central

Background Since the sixties of the last century, many people from Morocco and Turkey have migrated into the Netherlands. In the last decade, Moroccan and Turkish patients have found their way to organizations for mental health care. However, they often drop out of treatment. Problems in the communication with therapists and different expectations regarding treatment seem to be causal factors for the early drop-out of therapy. In the Netherlands as in other countries courses have been developed for training cultural competence of therapists. Yet, up to now, the effectiveness of increased cultural competence of therapists in reducing drop-out of treatment has not been studied. Methods/Design A randomized clinical trial was started in January 2010. Moroccan and Turkish adult patients who are referred to our outpatient clinics for mood and anxiety disorders are randomly assigned to mental health workers who are trained in a cultural module and to those who are not. The therapists have been trained in the Cultural Formulation and in techniques bridging the (cultural) gap between them and their Moroccan and Turkish patients. The target number of participants is 150 patients, 75 for each group. Drop-out of treatment is the primary outcome measure. Secondary outcome measures are no-show and patients' perspective of care. Discussion The study will give an answer to the question whether increasing cultural competence of therapists reduces drop-out of treatment in Moroccan and Turkish outpatients with depressive and anxiety disorders. Trial Registration The Dutch Cochrane Centre, NTR1989

2011-01-01

440

The Working Routine of Turkish Women in the Federal Republic of Germany: Results of a Pilot Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a survey concerning the daily life of Turkish women working in West Germany, both those working for pay and those working within the family. Focuses on the interrelationship between women's roles outside and inside the family and the effects of paid work on women. (KH)

Munscher, Alice

1984-01-01

441

The Cultural Orientations of Entrepreneurs and Employees' Job Satisfaction: The Turkish Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether cultural orientations which were pervasive and salient in the society of SMEs' entrepreneurs predict employees' job satisfaction. Paternalism, collectivism, individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance were assessed as pervasive and salient attributes for Turkish society. Data were…

Yetim, Nalan; Yetim, Unsal

2006-01-01

442

Are We There Yet? A Progress Report from Three Turkish University Pioneers in Distance Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The international literature provides little in-depth analysis of distance education and e-learning activities, achievements, and challenges in Turkish higher education other than the country's mega-university, Anadolu. This paper examines the development of, and lessons to be learned from, such undertakings by three pioneers--two regular state…

Latchem, Colin; Simsek, Nurettin; Balta, Ozlem Cakir; Torkul, Orhan; Cedimoglu, I. Hakki; Altunkopru, Alpaslan

2009-01-01

443

Role of Phonology in EFL Acquisition (Based on the Analysis of Mistakes Made by Georgian and Turkish Students of English).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the importance of phonology in the acquisition of the English monophthong system and offers English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teachers practical suggestions for enhancing the efficacy of their daily classroom performance. The paper is based on a comparative analysis of phonetic mistakes made by Georgian and Turkish adult…

Meskhi, Anna

444

Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

Hinnenkamp, Volker

2008-01-01

445

Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to extensively examine the psychometric properties of adapted version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in different Turkish samples. In order to test the psychometric properties of the SWLS three separate and independent samples are utilized in this study, namely university students (n = 547), correctional officers (n =…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Gencoz, Tulin

2010-01-01

446

Attitudes of School Administrators and Teachers towards the "Smoke-Free Air Zone" Policy in Turkish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Schools are likely to be better able to achieve compliance with smoke-free regulations if principals and teachers perceive the importance of a smoke-free policy. The purpose of this study was to measure teacher and administrator attitudes towards the smoke-free policy in Turkish schools, which promotes a total smoking ban. Method: The…

Banoglu, Köksal

2013-01-01

447

A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

Demir, Tazegul

2013-01-01

448

Correlations for the sulfur contents of Turkish coals exposed to ashing and devolatilization conditions at 750°C and 950°C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total sulfur, sulfur forms, CaO, MgO and ash were analyzed in 19 selected Turkish coals with widely varying characteristics (from bituminous coal to low grade lignite) according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards. The combustible sulfur contents of coals, the sulfur retained in the coal ash, the volatile sulfur content, and the sulfur retained in the

Davut Uzun; Sibel Özdo?an

1998-01-01

449

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Form of Technology-Rich Outcome-Focused Learning Environment Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a Turkish adaptation of Technology-Rich Outcomes-Focused Learning Environment Inventory (TROFLEI) which was developed by Aldridge, Dorman, and Fraser. A sample of 985 students from 16 high schools (Grades 9-12) participated in the study. Translation process followed…

Cakir, Mustafa

2011-01-01

450

An International Comparison Using a Diagnostic Testing Model: Turkish Students' Profile of Mathematical Skills on TIMSS-R  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study illustrates how a diagnostic testing model can be used to make detailed comparisons between student populations participating in international assessments. The performance of Turkish students on the TIMSS-R mathematics test was reanalyzed with a diagnostic testing model called the Rule Space Model. First, mathematical and cognitive…

Dogan, Enis; Tatsuoka, Kikumi

2008-01-01

451

Effects of Interfaith Dialog Activities: The Role of a Turkish Student Association at an East Coast U.S. University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this case study is to analyze a Turkish Student Association's (TSA) extracurricular activities involving interfaith dialog with respect to their contributions to students' academic and social development in a predominantly white, Catholic, liberal arts college located in the Northeastern United States. The study aims to…

Acar, Erkan

2013-01-01

452

A Comparison of Problem Behavior Profiles in Turkish Children with AD/HD and Non-AD/HD Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: There is an increasing number of studies describing the symptoms of ADHD among school-age children in western cultures. Yet, studies on children with ADHD living in non-western cultures are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare problem behavior profiles of Turkish children with AD/HD and non-AD/HD children. Method:…

Ozdemir, Selda

2010-01-01

453

Dimensions of Learning Process over Global Environmental Problems: An Evaluation of Roger Conceptual Learning Method Regarding Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objectives of the study have been testing Roger conceptual learning method with regard to Turkish students and to investigate the applicability of the method on graduate students. The experimental group was formed by 10 volunteer students. The study lasted 16 weeks according to group discussion method. In this period, global environmental…

Oluk, Sami; Sakaci, Tansel

2009-01-01

454

FOREIGN TRADE ANALYSIS OF TURKISH SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES IN KONYA CITY AND AN EMPIRICAL STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SME's) play a central role in the Turkish economy. They are a major source of employment, production and tax incomes. In this study we define external - internal opportunities also threatens of SME's so that we can also emphasize that the SME's advantages and disadvantages. For this reason we explain problems of SME's in foreign trade

Zekeriya MIZIRAK; Esra Tala?li KABAKLARLI; M. Göktu? KAYA; Hakan ACET

455

Constructing Identities: The Ethno-National and Nationalistic Identities of White and Turkish Students in Two English Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates how 15-year-old white and Turkish students in two Inner London comprehensive schools, one in a predominantly working-class area (Millroad School) and the other in a more middle-class environment (Darwin School), construct their identities. Drawing on mainly qualitative data from documentary sources, focus groups and…

Faas, Daniel

2008-01-01

456

Gender Differences in Turkish Primary Students' Images of Astronomical Scientists: A Preliminary Study with 21st Century Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the images of astronomical scientists held by Turkish primary students by gender. The Draw an Astronomical Scientist Test was administered to 472 students from an urban area. A Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to test for statistically significant differences between gender groups. Significant differences were found…

Korkmaz, Hunkar

2009-01-01

457

Relationship of Bender Gestalt Developmental Scores and Human Drawing Developmental Scores in a Sample of Turkish Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bender Gestalt test and Human Drawings are frequently utilized tests in assessing school readiness in children. This study was a pilot attempt to evaluate these two tests in a Turkish sample as they relate to first grade behaviour as measured by teacher ratings. One hundred and five children were evaluated at the end of kindergarten using the…

Ozer, Serap

2009-01-01

458

Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

2013-01-01

459

Determination of some characteristics coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Turkish kefirs with natural probiotic  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a total of 21 coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria (lactococci) were isolated from Turkish kefir samples. As a result of the identification tests, 21 lactococci isolates were identified as Lactococcus cremoris (11 strains), Lactococcus lactis (4 strains), Streptococcus thermophilus (3 strains) and Streptococcus durans (3 strains). The amount of produced lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, proteolytic activity,

Z. N Yüksekda?; Y Beyatli; B Aslim

2004-01-01

460

The Effects of Counsellor Gender and Problem Type on Help-Seeking Attitudes among Turkish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explores gender differences in help-seeking attitudes and the effects of counsellor gender and problem type on those attitudes among Turkish high school students. The Attitudes towards Seeking Help Scale and a survey instrument concerning related factors were administered to 342 adolescents. ANOVAs show that male and female…

Yilmaz-Gozu, Hamide

2013-01-01

461

Scoliosis, blindness and arachnodactyly in a large Turkish family: is it a new syndrome?  

PubMed

In this report we have described an affected sib in a large Turkish family who appears to have a new distinct dominantly-inherited blindness, scoliosis and arachnodactyly syndrome. The combination of clinical abnormalities in these patients did not initially suggest Marfan syndrome or other connective tissue disorders associated with ectopia lentis. The proband was a 16-year-old boy who was referred to our clinics for scoliosis. He had arachnodactyly of both fingers and toes. He had been suffering from progressive visual loss and strabismus since he was eight-years-old. His 20-year-old brother had severe kyphoscoliosis, and arachnodactyly of fingers and toes. He was 130 cm tall and was bilaterally blind. His 23-year-old sister had only eye findings but no arachnodactyly or scoliosis. His 60-year-old father had mild scoliosis, blindness and arachnodactyly and mother was normal. We performed routine mutation analyses in the genes FBN1, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2, but no mutation has been detected. Our Turkish patients are most likely affected by a hitherto unrecorded condition which is caused by an autosomal dominant gene defect with variable expression but we can not exclude multigenic inheritance. Further studies are needed to assess the contribution of sex influence to the syndrome because the female relative is less affected. PMID:18990988

Dundar, M; Erkilic, K; Argun, M; Caglayan, A O; Comeglio, P; Koseoglu, E; Matyas, G; Child, A H

2008-01-01

462

Finding help: Turkish-speaking refugees and migrants with a history of psychosis.  

PubMed

There is a large population of Turkish-speaking migrants living in London, many of whom are refugees (Enneli, Modood, & Bradley, 2005). Primary care and secondary mental health services have consistently reported poor continuity of care among patients from this community. The aim of this study was to explore the possible interconnection of causal attributions and pathways into care among Turkish-speaking, mainly Kurdish, patients with a past history of psychosis. Narratives of illness were elicited from informants. Physical symptomatology was a prominent feature of presentation in this group. These patients did not discuss their health problems conceptualized as uniform ;models' of illness, but rather in an attributional style that emphasized the experience of traumatic life events, often related to the overarching problem of exile and settlement. Childhood and family issues of poverty and domestic violence were often raised by patients, but tended to be backgrounded as having little contributory significance. These patients sought intervention, serially or in combination, from a diverse range of practitioners, including private healthcare and traditional healers or hocas. Their explanatory models of illness were complex and fragmentary and the relationship between explanations and help seeking is seldom linear. The implications of these findings for health services are discussed. PMID:17576728

Leavey, Gerard; Guvenir, Taner; Haase-Casanovas, Silvia; Dein, Simon

2007-06-01

463

Predoctoral prosthodontic curricula on removable partial dentures: survey of Turkish dental schools.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to evaluate the predoctoral removable partial denture (RPD) curricula in Turkish dental schools in regards to materials, techniques, and approaches. A questionnaire consisting of eighteen multiple-choice questions was sent by e-mail to the senior members of the prosthodontic departments of seventeen long-established dental schools in Turkey. The response rate was 100 percent. All schools (100 percent) used custom trays for making final impressions of partially dentate arches, taught border molding of the custom tray for the edentulous areas, used modeling plastic impression compound in border molding the final impression trays, and used base metal alloys for RPD frameworks. None of the schools had an in-house laboratory that fabricates RPD frameworks, and none of the students cast the frameworks of their own RPDs. The majority of schools used irreversible hydrocolloid as a final impression (70.6 percent) and dental surveyor (76.5 percent) in the designing of RPDs. The majority of schools did not flask their own RPDs (64.7 percent), did not treat patients using RPDs with attachments (76.5 percent), and did not perform the altered cast technique in bilateral and unilateral distal extension RPD cases (76.5 percent). Six teen schools (94.1 percent) had a minimum number of RPD arches that a student must complete in order to graduate. It was found that predoctoral RPD curricula in Turkish dental schools were both variable and similar. PMID:23314471

Dikbas, Idil; Ozkurt, Zeynep; Kazazoglu, Ender

2013-01-01

464

Development of dental charts according to tooth development and eruption for Turkish children and young adults  

PubMed Central

Purpose In this study, we aimed to develop dental charts for Turkish children and young adults of both genders within the age group of 4.5-22.5 years according to tooth mineralization and eruption in a format similar to that proposed by AlQahtani et al. Materials and Methods In total, 753 digital panoramic radiographs from 350 males and 403 females were assessed. The permanent teeth were evaluated according to the classification system described by Demirjian et al. The eruption stage was assessed with Bengston's system, which was modified by AlQahtani et al at four points. Results Teeth generally developed earlier in females than in males. This was particularly notable in the age group of 5-14 years. However, this difference was usually visible in only one stage, not in all teeth. It has been determined that the mixed dentition period ended with the shedding of the second deciduous molars in both genders. Conclusion The dental charts presented here included information that could be beneficial to dental clinicians in making appropriate diagnosis and planning orthodontic and surgical procedures. These charts also provided datasets for preliminary dental age estimation in Turkish children and young adults.

Afsin, Huseyin; Ozaslan, Abdi; Karaday?, Sukriye

2014-01-01

465

Patients' knowledge and awareness of dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patients' knowledge on dental implants in a Turkish subpopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Five hundred twenty seven Turkish adults referred to Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey, were presented with a questionnaire including 20 questions regarding the level of information and awareness about the dental implants. The data were collected and statistical analyses were performed with Chi square test to compare the descriptive data. RESULTS Among 527 subjects, 54% were female and 46% were male with a mean age of 42.2 years. The rate of patients' implant awareness was 27.7%. When the patients were questioned about the treatment options for rehabilitation of tooth missing, 60.9% of patients were informed about fixed partial denture, followed by conventional complete denture (32.5%) and removable partial denture (24.9%). Six percent reported that they were very well informed about the dental implants whereas 48.2% were poorly informed. The information sources of the implants were from the dentist (44.5%), printed media (31.6%) and friends and acquaintances (17.3%), respectively. Sixteen percent of the population believed that their implants would last forever. CONCLUSION The dentists should give more detailed information to the patients about dental implants and tooth-supported fixed partial dentures in the future.

Ozcak?r Tomruk, Ceyda; Sencift, Kemal

2014-01-01

466

Frequency of angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene polymorphism in Turkish acute stroke patients.  

PubMed

This study was performed in acute stroke patients in the Turkish population to determine the frequency of the A1166C polymorphism in the AT1 gene and to examine the role of this polymorphism in acute stroke development. In this study, 257 genomic DNA samples were analysed (from 206 acute stroke patients and 51 healthy individuals). Genomic DNA was prepared from peripheral blood using the salt-extraction method. The presence of the A1166C polymorphism in the AT1 gene was determined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. PCR products were separated by 2% agarose gel electrophoresis and visualized by a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. In this study, the allele frequency at the A1166C position was 92% A and 8% C for control and 97% A and 3% C for patients. This difference in allele frequency between the control group and the patient group was not statistically significant. However, genotype and allele frequencies showed a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the control and the patient groups. The results of this study show no relationship between the A1166C polymorphism in the AT1 gene and acute stroke in the Turkish population. PMID:23480670

Hulyam, Kurt; Aysegul, Bayramoglu; Veysi, Gunes Hasan; Demet, Ozbabalik; Irfan, Degirmenci; Ertugrul, Colak; Didem, Cosan Turgut; Banu, Bayram; Miris, Dikmen

2013-04-01

467

A model linking sources of stress to approach and avoidance coping styles of Turkish basketball referees.  

PubMed

Purpose of this study was to externally validate and test a conceptual transient model involving six paths that linked sources of acute stress to avoidance and approach coping styles among Turkish basketball referees. The sample consisted of 125 Turkish basketball referees ranging in age from 18 to 36 years (mean = 25.58. ? = 3.69). The path analysis tested the relationships simultaneously from stressors, in consecutive order, distractions, subpar performance and verbal abuse, to coping styles, first both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive, and then approach-behaviour. Results indicated that the model achieved a good fit and that all paths tested simultaneously were significant. The distractions stressor was positively related to subpar performance, which, in turn, was positively related to verbal abuse. Verbal abuse was negatively associated with an avoidance-cognitive coping style and positively related to the approach-cognitive coping style. The results also supported a crossover effect of both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive on approach-behaviour. One implication of this study is that coping should be studied in naturally occurring stages, a process-oriented approach. Another implication is that approach and avoidance coping styles, each sub-divided into cognitive and behavioural categories, provide a meaningful framework which provides sports officials a coherent structure for learning and improving ways to cope with acute stress experienced during the contest. PMID:24015999

Anshel, Mark Howard; Sutarso, Toto; Ekmekci, Ridvan; Saraswati, Intan W

2014-01-01

468

The reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the constipation risk assessment scale.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to translate into the Turkish language, and test the reliability and validity, of the Turkish version of the Constipation Risk Assessment Scale (CRAS). This study consisted of 245 adult in-patients who were hospitalized in the medical and surgical clinics of Celal Bayar University Hospital in January through May 2007. The patients were categorized into two groups (constipated and not constipated) according to Rome II criteria. All participants were assessed with the CRAS. The CRAS was retested on 32 patients selected randomly from among the initial constipated group (n =152). The statistical analysis consisted of reliability and validity analyses. Test-retest comparison and internal consistency were used to assess the reliability of the instrument. Divergence and known groups approaches were used to test for construct validity. Correlation analysis using the Pearson's coefficient was conducted to assess the test-retest. For testing of the criteria and known groups, Student's t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used. Cronbach's = value for the constipated respondents was r = 61.9. According to the effect size comparisons, the most effective variable on the CRAS score was perception of constipation risk requirement. The overall score and subsection score correlations were also found acceptable (r = 0.47-0.57). PMID:21637085

Kutlu, Adalet Koca; Yilmaz, Emel; Ceçen, Dilek; Eser, Erhan

2011-01-01

469

Assessment of hypodontia in the Turkish patients referring to the orthodontic clinic: A retrospective study  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prevalence and distribution of hypodontia in the permanent dentition in a sample of Turkish patients who referred to the Ankara Dental Hospital for orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: The pre-treatment orthodontic records of 2530 patients, 1382 girls (54.62%) and 1148 boys (45.38%) between the chronological ages of 7 and 16 years, were examined for evidence of hypodontia. The third molars were excluded in this study. Results: The prevalence of hypodontia in the inspected population was 5% (3.05% for girls, 1.95% for boys). The average number of the congenitally missing teeth per patient was 2.03 (1.08 for girls, 0.95 for boys). The prevalence of the congenitally missing permanent teeth was 34% for the upper laterals, 30% for the lower second premolars, 12.5% for the upper second premolars and 23.5% for the other teeth. Most patients with hypodontia (84.9%) (57.13% for girls, 27.77% for boys) had got missing either one tooth (45.23%) or two teeth (39.67%). Conclusions: The prevalence of hypodontia in girls was higher than in boys in this sample of the Turkish patients. The upper laterals and lower second premolars were consecutively the most symmetrically absent teeth. The prevalence of advanced hypodontia was lower than single and symmetrical hypodontia.

Uzuner, Deniz; Celik, Meltem Melik; Toy, Ebubekir; Turkdonmez, Candan Okay

2013-01-01

470

Relationship between plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) gene polymorphisms and osteoporosis in Turkish women  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The development of osteoporosis is associated with several risk factors, such as genetic structures that affect bone turnover and bone mass. The impact of genetic structures on osteoporosis is not known. Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 regulates the bone matrix and bone balance. This study assessed the correlation between plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 gene 4G/5G polymorphisms and osteoporosis in a population of Turkish women. METHODS: A total of 195 postmenopausal female patients who were diagnosed with osteoporosis (Group I) based on bone mineral density measurements via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and 90 females with no osteoporosis (Group II) were included in this study. Correlations between PAI-1 gene 4G/5G polymorphisms and osteoporosis were investigated through the identification of PAI-1 gene 4G/5G polymorphism genotypes using the polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: No significant differences in the genotype and allele frequency of 4G/5G plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 polymorphisms were observed between the two groups, and both groups exhibited the most frequently observed 4G5G genotype. CONCLUSION: No correlation between the development of osteoporosis in the female Turkish population and 4G/5G plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 gene polymorphisms was observed.

Ozgen, Merih; Cosan, Didem Turgut; Doganer, Fulya; Soyocak, Ahu; Armagan, Onur; Gunes, Hasan Veysi; Degirmenci, Irfan; Ozkara, Gulsah Ogutler; Mutlu, Fezan Sahin

2012-01-01

471

Determination of in-service needs of Turkish high school science teachers in Istanbul  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purposes of this study were to identify the in-service needs of high school science teachers in Istanbul, Turkey according to the subgroups such as school type and gender and determine the priority obstacles preventing these science teachers from attendance at in-service programs. Moreover, this study aimed to find the other greatest needs of high school science teachers that are not mentioned in the survey instrument. The data for this research was gathered by conducting a survey in Istanbul, Turkey in Fall 2001 and Spring 2002 Semesters. Turkish translation of the modified version of a science teacher's needs inventory, Science Teacher Inventory of Need (STIN), entitled STIN-2 was used as the survey instrument. The subjects consisted of 75 high school science teachers who were selected from 369 high schools by using stratified random sampling in grades nine through eleven. By personally administering the survey, 422 science teachers from 75 high schools completed the survey and a 97% response rate was achieved. The results obtained in this study show that Turkish high school science teachers in Istanbul have a number of shared needs. One other indication is that they also have a number of needs, which are specific to subgroups of those science teachers.

Ogan, Feral

472

Investigation of major international and Turkish companies via hierarchical methods and bootstrap approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a study, within the scope of econophysics, of the hierarchical structure of 98 among the largest international companies including 18 among the largest Turkish companies, namely Banks, Automobile, Software-hardware, Telecommunication Services, Energy and the Oil-Gas sectors, viewed as a network of interacting companies. We analyze the daily time series data of the Boerse-Frankfurt and Istanbul Stock Exchange. We examine the topological properties among the companies over the period 2006-2010 by using the concept of hierarchical structure methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and the hierarchical tree (HT)). The period is divided into three subperiods, namely 2006-2007, 2008 which was the year of global economic crisis, and 2009-2010, in order to test various time-windows and observe temporal evolution. We carry out bootstrap analyses to associate the value of statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We also use average linkage clustering analysis (ALCA) in order to better observe the cluster structure. From these studies, we find that the interactions among the Banks/Energy sectors and the other sectors were reduced after the global economic crisis; hence the effects of the Banks and Energy sectors on the correlations of all companies were decreased. Telecommunication Services were also greatly affected by the crisis. We also observed that the Automobile and Banks sectors, including Turkish companies as well as some companies from the USA, Japan and Germany were strongly correlated with each other in all periods.

Kantar, E.; Deviren, B.; Keskin, M.

2011-11-01

473

Assessment of the Prevalence of Pulp Stones in a Sample of Turkish Central Anatolian Population  

PubMed Central

Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of pulp stones (PS) in a Turkish dental patient population with respect to sexes and dental localization in relation between sex and this anomaly. Materials Methods. A retrospective study was performed using bitewing radiographs of 814 patients ranging in age from 15 to 65. All data (age, sex, and location) was obtained from the files. These patients were analyzed for pulp stones. Descriptive characteristics of sexes, jaws, and dental localization were recorded. The Pearson chi-squared test was used. Results. Of the patients, 462 (56.8%) were female and 352 (43.2%) were male. Sixty (12%) had one or more teeth that contained pulp stones. Pulp stones were identified in 518 (63.6%) of the subjects and in 2391 (27.8%) of the teeth examined. Pulp stone occurrence was significantly more common in the females than in males. With the increasing of age, the prevalence of pulp stones increased. Molars had statistically more pulp stones than premolars. Pulp stones were significantly more common in the maxilla compared with mandible. Conclusion. Prevalence of pulp stones in Turkish population was 27.8% but further larger-scale studies are required to assess its prevalence in the general population to compare it with other ethnic groups.

Colak, Hakan; Celebi, Ahmet Arif; Hamidi, M. Mustafa; Bayraktar, Yusuf; Colak, Tugba; Uzgur, Recep

2012-01-01

474

Opinions of Turkish physicians towards termination of pregnancy for fetal disorders.  

PubMed

Termination of pregnancy (ToP) raises ethical dilemmas. Although ToP for fetal disorders is commonly approved by health professionals, their opinions and attitudes are influenced by a diversity of cultural contexts. The aim of the study is to investigate Turkish physicians' opinions on ToP for fetal disease and the hypothesis is that their opinions are influenced by whether they face any disabilities of affected children or not. We aimed to survey by a questionnaire the opinions of Turkish physicians towards ToP for untreatable fetal disorders. A group of 250 subjects was included in the study. Physicians' approval of parents' decision for ToP was higher for disorders that they encounter more frequently during their daily work. Their opinions were not statistically different when compared for gender and marital status, however, having children of their own caused significant differences for some of the disorders. Approximately 65% of the participants responded that families alone should have the right to decide on ToP. The results confirm that health professionals may have differences in perception of severity of diseases, based on their clinical experience. Physicians encountering affected children more likely approve ToP for that particular disease. PMID:22303801

Utine, G E; Kiper, P O; Salanci, B V; Alanay, Y; Akta?, D; Alika?ifo?lu, M; Boduro?lu, K; Tunçbilek, E

2011-01-01

475

Investigation of third molar impaction in Turkish orthodontic patients: Prevalence, depth and angular positions  

PubMed Central

Objective: We aimed to investigate the prevalence, distribution, angular position, and depth of third molar impaction in a Turkish orthodontic patient population. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the panoramic radiographs, intraoral photographs, and dental casts of 207 patients (62 men and 145 women; age 20-39 years) who had undergone orthodontic treatment at a university department of orthodontics for impacted third molars (ITMs). A comprehensive chart review of all subjects was conducted. Patient and treatment-related data were recorded in a digital database for comparative analysis. Results: The prevalence of ITMs was 54.1%, and no statistically significant gender differences were evident (61.3% in men and 51.0% in women; P = 0.23). The frequency of maxillary ITMs was 49.3% (148 of 300 teeth) while that of mandibular ITMs was 50.7% (152 of 300 teeth). The most frequently observed angulations of impaction were mesioangular for the mandible (65.1%), and distoangular for the maxilla (64.2%). Of all the ITMs analysed, 61% were partially buried in bone and 39% were completely buried. Conclusions: Third molar impaction was evident in 54.1% of a group of Turkish orthodontic patients aged 20-39 years, and there was no statistically significant gender bias. Mesioangular and distoangular inclinations were the most common in the mandible and the maxilla, respectively.

Topkara, Ahu; Sari, Zafer

2013-01-01

476

Alpha-galactosidase A activity levels in Turkish male hemodialysis patients.  

PubMed

Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder due to deficient activity of alpha-galactosidase A (?-Gal A) leading to renal insufficiency in males. The aim of present study was to investigate the level of ?-Gal A activity and to determine the prevalence of Fabry disease in a Turkish male hemodialysis population. The activity of plasma ?-Gal A was measured in a group of 808 male hemodialysis patients using fluorimetric methods. Patients with low ?-Gal A activity were evaluated clinically and genetic testing was carried out. A correlation with creatinine, uric acid, urea, white blood cell (WBC), and high sensitivity (hs)CRP and ?-Gal A activity was also investigated. Plasma ?-Gal A activity among this male population undergoing hemodialysis was 7.88 ± 5.18 µM/hour/L (0.40-55.72), significantly lower when compared to controls. No influence of creatinine, uric acid, WBC, or hsCRP on measured ?-Gal A activity was reported. Two new Fabry disease patients were identified. Both were previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2. These findings provide, for the first time, data regarding the prevalence of ?-Gal A deficiency (0.24%) in Turkish males receiving hemodialysis. PMID:23190516

Kalkan Uçar, Sema; Sozmen, Eser; Duman, Soner; Ba?çi, Ali; Çoker, Mahmut

2012-12-01

477

Observations of tidal energy and tidal fluxes through the Turkish Straits System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From September 2008 through February 2009, The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory in collaboration with NATO Undersea Research Centre and the Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography, used 8 Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) in 4 pairs to measure currents and pressure at the entrances and exits to the Dardanelles and Bosphorus Straits inside the Turkish Strait System. The variability of currents in the system are dominantly at synoptic and lower frequencies and the mean two layer exchange of Aegean and Black Sea origin water has been the focus of much prior research. However, current fluctuations at tidal frequencies also play a role in the Straits, reaching 20% of the total variance in the mid-water column of the Southern Dardanelles. Measurement of tidal currents and pressures simultaneously allows the calculation of the energy fluxes of the barotropic tides. Preliminary estimates from select stations suggests that net tidal energy passes from the Aegean to the Dardanelles (1.2 MW K1, 0.6 MW M2), from the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara (0.3 MW K1, 0.2 MW M2), from the Sea of Marmara to the Bosphorus (0.005 MW K1, 0.054 MW M2), and from the Black Sea to the Bosphorus (0.006 MW K1, 0.086 MW M2). These results imply that the Turkish Strait System acts to dissipate and/or generate baroclinic tides from the supplied barotropic tidal energy and that this action in the Dardanelles is frequency selective, creating an effective barrier to barotropic diurnal energy transmission. Although little barotropic tidal energy was found to pass from the Dardanelles to the Sea of Marmara, total tidal energy levels inside the strait itself were similar between the southern and northern sections. However, the distribution of tidal energy was very different between these two sections. For M2 tides in the Dardanelles, modest levels of potential energy at the Aegean entrance appear to be almost entirely transformed into kinetic energy at the Sea of Marmara entrance. Thus, while tidal sea-surface-height fluctuations significantly decrease in the Dardanelles from north to south, tidal currents increase due to both this effect and to a narrowing of the passage. In all measured sections of the Turkish Strait System, estimates of tidal kinetic energy greatly exceeded tidal potential energy. For K1 tides in the Dardanelles, 97% of the kinetic energy was in the form of vertically-uniform currents at the Aegean (southern) entrance but only 64% was in this form at the Sea of Marmara (northern) entrance. Much less (93% to 87%) of the M2 kinetic energy was transformed in this way, suggesting the existence of a frequency selective action of baroclinic tide generation in the Dardanelles. As expected from the energy flux estimates, tidal energy was generally much lower in the Bosphorus than in the Dardanelles, and primarily at semidiurnal frequencies. Also, less of the tidal kinetic energy was carried by vertically-uniform currents in the Bosphorus for both K1 (60% and 73%) and M2 (74% and 64%) tides. Our analysis finds that the Turkish Strait System acts both as a barrier and a transformer of tidal fluctuations.

Book, Jeffrey W.; Jarosz, Ewa; Be?iktepe, Å.?Ükrü; Kemal Cambazo?lu, M.

2010-05-01

478

Phylogenetic analysis of Helicobacter pylori cagA gene of Turkish isolates and the association with gastric pathology  

PubMed Central

Background The cagA gene is one of the important virulence factors of Helicobacter pylori. The diversity of cagA 5? conserved region is thought to reflect the phylogenetic relationships between different H. pylori isolates and their association with peptic ulceration. Significant geographical differences among isolates have been reported. The aim of this study is to compare Turkish H. pylori isolates with isolates from different geographical locations and to correlate the association with peptic ulceration. Methods Total of 52 isolates of which 19 were Turkish and 33 from other geographic locations were studied. Gastric antral biopsies collected from 19 Turkish patients (Gastritis?=?12, ulcer?=?7) were used to amplify the cagA 5? region by PCR then followed by DNA sequencing. Results The phylogenetic tree displayed 3 groups: A) a mix of 2 sub-groups “Asian” and “African/Anatolian/Asian/European”, B) “Anatolian/European” and C) “American-Indian”. Turkish H. pylori isolates clustered in the mixed sub-group A were mostly from gastritis patients while those clustered in group B were from peptic ulcer patients. A phylogenetic tree constructed for our Turkish isolates detected distinctive features among those from gastritis and ulcer patients. We have found that 2/3 of the gastritis isolates were clustered alone while 1/3 was clustered together with the ulcer isolates. Several amino acids were found to be shared between the later groups but not with the first group of gastritis. Conclusions This study provided an additional insight into the profile of our cagA gene which implies a relationship in geographic locations of the isolates.

2013-01-01

479

Modeling and simulation of coupled nuclear heat energy deposition and transfer in the fuel assembly of the Ghana Research Reactor1 (GHARR-1)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) code coupled with PLTEMP\\/ANL code were used to model and simulate the heat transfer problems in the fuel elements assembly of the Ghana Research Reactor-1 (GHARR-1) by solving Boltzmann transport approximation to the heat conduction equation. Coupled neutron radiation-thermal codes were used to determine the spatial variations of thermal energy in the fuel channels, the heat

Felix Ameyaw; Akwasi Ayensu; E. H. K. Akaho

480

Eski Grek Dört Unsur Nazariyesi ve Türkçe Müzik Yazmalarinda Etkisi The doctrine of four elements in ancient Greece and its influence over Turkish musical writings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The doctrine of four elements dated back from ancient Greeks exerted a strong influence over islamic music theory in the Middle Ages and then over turkish musical writings up to 18th century, in Ottoman period.

481

High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism and generalized bone pain in Turkish immigrants in Germany: identification of risk factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT), generalized bone pain and predictors of vitamin D deficiency in a cohort of 994 healthy adult urban residents (589 males, 405 females; age range: 16–69 years) consisting of 101 Germans, 327 Turkish residents of Turkey and 566 Turkish immigrants living in Germany.Methods  The mean (± standard

M. Z. Erkal; J. Wilde; Y. Bilgin; A. Akinci; E. Demir; R. H. Bödeker; M. Mann; R. G. Bretzel; H. Stracke; M. F. Holick

2006-01-01

482

Westside Sõnav Kaygõsõ Ölçeinin Türkçe Formunun Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalõ?masõ The Validity and Reliability Study of The Turkish Version of Westside Test Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to adapt the Westside Test Anxiety Scale (Driscoll, 2007) to Turkish and examine its psychometric properties. The research conducted on 373 university students (girls n=263, 67,83%; men n= 120, 32,17%) Buca Educational Faculty of Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey. Language correspondence between English and Turkish for scale was investigated via bilingual group design. There was

Tarõk Totan; Yaar Yavuz

483

Parenting in an Individualistic Culture with a Collectivistic Cultural Background: The Case of Turkish Immigrant Families with Toddlers in the Netherlands  

PubMed Central

Expanding our knowledge on parenting practices of immigrant families is crucial for designing culturally sensitive parenting intervention programs in countries with high immigration rates. We investigated differences in patterns of parenting between second-generation immigrant and native families with young children. Authoritarian and authoritative control and sensitivity of second-generation Turkish immigrant mothers of 2-year-old children (n = 70) and native Dutch mothers (n = 70) were observed in the home and in the laboratory. Controlling for maternal age and education, Turkish immigrant mothers were less supportive, gave less clear instructions to their children, were more intrusive and were less authoritative in their control strategies than native Dutch mothers. No differences were found in authoritarian control. In both ethnic groups supportive presence, clarity of instruction, authoritative control, and low intrusiveness loaded on one factor. No differences between ethnic groups were found in gender-differentiated parenting. Maternal emotional connectedness to the Turkish culture was associated with less authoritative control, whereas more use of the Turkish language was related to more sensitivity. Even though mean level differences in parenting behaviors still exist between second-generation Turkish immigrant and native Dutch mothers, the patterns of associations between parenting behaviors were comparable for both groups. This suggests that existing parenting interventions for native families may be applicable to second-generation Turkish immigrants as well.

Yaman, Ayse; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; Linting, Marielle

2010-01-01

484

Recent studies on activated carbons and fly ashes from Turkish resources  

SciTech Connect

This article deals with adsorptive properties of activated carbons (ACs) and fly ashes from Turkish coal and biomass resources. ACs because of their high surface area, microporous character and the chemical nature of their surface have been considered potential adsorbents for the removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Pyrolysis is an established process method for preparation of activated carbon from biomass. The bio-char is can be used as AC. The adsorption properties of ACs were strictly defined by the physicochemical nature of their surface and their texture, i.e., pore volume, pore size distribution, surface area. It is well known that the pH of the solution-adsorbant mixture is an important variable in the adsorption process. Fly ash has the highest adsorption capacity (198.2 mg/g for Cd(II)). Almond shell AC has the lowest adsorption capacity (2.7 mg/g).

Ayhan Demirbas; Gulsin Arslan; Erol Pehlivan [Selcuk University, Konya (Turkey). Department of Chemical Engineering

2006-05-15

485

Psychological and physical correlates of disordered eating in male and female Turkish college students.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disordered eating and three psychological variables (obsessive and depressive symptoms, self-esteem) and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of male and female college students in Turkey. Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES), Eating Attitude Test (EAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh (BITE) scales were administered to 408 college students (279 women; 129 men). By multiple regression analysis, the scales of MOCI, BDI, RSES and BMI were used as potential predictors of EAT and BITE scores for each gender. Obsessionality and BMI were the strongest predictors of bulimic and anorexic symptoms in women. In men, while the strongest predictors of bulimic symptoms were the depressive and obsessive symptoms, the best predictor of anorexic symptoms was obsession scores. There were significant differences and some similarities between male and female Turkish college students. PMID:16958937

Erol, Atila; Toprak, Gulser; Yazici, Fadime

2006-10-01

486

A mutation of aspartoacylase gene in a Turkish patient with Canavan disease.  

PubMed

Canavan disease (CD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder characterized by spongy degeneration of the brain. The deficiency of aspartoacylase (ASPA), resulting in the accumulation of N-acetyl aspartic acid (NAA) in the brain, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the disease. The cardinal features of this neurodegenerative disease are macrocephaly, mental retardation, and hypotonia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain generally shows diffuse white matter degeneration and also elevated excretion of urinary NAA is usually seen. A large number of mutations were identified to date. We report here a 9 months old girl with Canavan Disease and a homozygous c.79G>A mutation in the ASPA gene, detected for the first time in Turkish population. PMID:22611636

Eke, Gungor H; Iscan, A; Cece, H; Calik, M

2012-01-01

487

Application of multivariate statistical methods to the analysis of ancient Turkish potsherds  

SciTech Connect

Three hundred ancient Turkish potsherds were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis, and the resulting data analyzed by several techniques of multivariate statistical analysis, some only recently developed. The programs AGCLUS, MASLOC, and SIMCA were sequentially employed to characterize and group the samples by type of pottery and site of excavation. Comparison of the statistical analyses by each method provided archaeological insight into the site/type relationships of the samples and ultimately evidence relevant to the commercial relations between the ancient communities and specialization of pottery production over time. The techniques used for statistical analysis were found to be of significant potential utility in the future analysis of other archaeometric data sets. 25 refs., 33 figs.

Martin, R.C.

1986-01-01

488

Network centrality measures and systemic risk: An application to the Turkish financial crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we analyze the performance of several network centrality measures in detecting systemically important financial institutions (SIFI) using data from the Turkish Interbank market during the financial crisis in 2000. We employ various network investigation tools such as volume, transactions, links, connectivity and reciprocity to gain a clearer picture of the network topology of the interbank market. We study the main borrower role of Demirbank in the crash of the banking system with network centrality measures which are extensively used in the network theory. This ex-post analysis of the crisis shows that centrality measures perform well in identifying and monitoring systemically important financial institutions which provide useful insights for financial regulations.

Kuzuba?, Tolga Umut; Ömerciko?lu, Inci; Salto?lu, Burak

2014-07-01

489

Attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of Turkish adolescents in terms of school gender composition.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward Physical Education Scale was administered and the results of 2 x 2 (Gender x School Type) ANOVA indicated that students in coeducational schools in general, and boys had more favorable attitudes. Additionally, chi-square analysis demonstrated significant differences in PE class preferences between students from single-sex and coeducational schools and between girls and boys. PMID:16114598

Koca, Canan; A?çi, F Hülya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

2005-01-01

490

Friendship, perceived mattering and happiness: a study of American and Turkish college students.  

PubMed

Although it is well established that friendship is a consistent correlate of happiness, less is known about how friendship experiences might promote happiness. The current investigation addressed this gap by testing a mediational model proposing that perceived mattering explains the association of friendship quality with happiness among college students in Turkey and the United States. An alternative model suggesting friendship quality as the mediator was also tested to enhance confidence in the proposed model. SEM analyses revealed that perceived mattering mediated the association of friendship with happiness only in the American sample. In the Turkish sample, friendship quality mediated the association between mattering and happiness. Findings highlight the importance of cross-cultural research and suggest that the underlying processes and psychological mechanisms related to the friendship-happiness link might be different in different cultures. PMID:22931003

Demir, Melik?ah; Ozen, Ayça; Do?an, Aysun

2012-01-01

491

A Survey about resilience of Turkish People to a Potential Disaster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As it is known, some of the cities in Turkey have experienced such disasters as earthquake; flood and they are continuing to experience. After all these disasters, it takes a long time for a city to recover itself. In this period, the people living in that city are important factors to use this time more effectively. For this purpose, this paper is prepared using a survey in order to evaluate and comment on the resilient capacity of the society in Turkey. This paper, which is composed of ten questions of survey, covers basic questions that the individuals should apply in the stages of mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery which are among the cycles of a disaster such as if they have disaster plans or policies, if they are capable of applying first aid, also their knowledge about the golden hours term. Some questions are asked in order to obtain opinions of individuals about the options to fix the resilience problem. This survey has been carried out among the people who live in different cities and various occupations and also belongs to different socio-economic groups, in Turkey. This study indicates whether Turkish citizens are resilient to a potential disaster or not. The survey has been implemented to 100 people using the telephone and the internet. According to the survey, Turkish people are not resilient to a potential disaster. Only 20% of the society is aware of the concepts of being resilient, other 80% is lack of training and knowledge to a potential disaster. Reasons to absence of preparedness, and mitigation are listed as being not educated and financial difficulties. Although the disasters that experienced in Turkey, the society have short-time awareness but then, it disappears in process of time rapidly after disaster.

Gurbas, P.

2012-04-01

492

Knowledge and attitudes of Turkish endodontists towards digital radiology and cone beam computed tomography.  

PubMed

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of Turkish endodontists toward digital radiological imaging (DRI) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed. Questionnaires were given to a sample of endodontists and PhD students in endodontics who attended the 11 th International Congress of the Turkish Endodontic Society in Istanbul in 2012. Following the congress, the same questionnaires were sent electronically to endodontists who did not attend the congress. The participants were asked to answer 28 multiple-choice questions concerning their knowledge and practice regarding recent imaging techniques. The questions were subdivided into 2 main topics; general information; general approach to digital imaging. The statistical analysis was carried out by an ?2-test to compare the means at a significance level of P < 0.05. Results: The response rate for this study was 74%. The mean age of the endodontists who participated in this study was 32.74 ± 10.40 (range 22-61 years). Of the endodontists, 76.6% used digital imaging techniques (DUEs) in their clinics. Statistically significant differences were found between the DUEs and endodontists not using digital imaging (NDUEs), regarding age, gender, graduation year and place of employment ( P < 0.01). Endodontists 40-years-old and above had significantly lower knowledge of CBCT compared to the younger groups ( P = 0.001). Conclusions: The number of endodontists using digital imaging has been increasing in Turkey. The findings of the present study highlighted the need for adapting to new technologies via continuing education. PMID:24909472

Yalcinkaya, S Ercalik; Berker, Y Garip; Peker, S; Basturk, F B

2014-01-01

493

Effect of Turkish propolis extracts on proteome of prostate cancer cell line  

PubMed Central

Background Propolis is a natural, resinous hive product that has several pharmacological activities. Its composition varies depending on the vegetation, climate, season and environmental conditions of the area from where it was collected. Surface enhanced laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) is a proteomic approach which has been used in cancer proteomics studies. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men. It has shown that nutritional supplements rich in polyphenolic compounds such as propolis play a significant role in prostate cancer chemoprevention. The aim of this study is to evaluate if protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines could be differentiated when incubated with dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis. Results The antioxidant potentials of dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis were found in correlation with the amount of total phenolic compounds of them. Dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis of 20 ?g/mL reduced the cell viability to 24.5% and 17.7%, respectively. Statistically significant discriminatory peaks between control PC-3 cells and dimethyl sulfoxide extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 5143, 8703, 12661, 20184 and 32794, detected by CM10 ProteinChip, and the peak at m/z 3772, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Between control PC-3 cells and water extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells, statistically significant discriminatory peaks were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 15846, 16052 and 24658, detected by CM10 ProteinChip and the peaks at m/z 10348, 10899 and 11603, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Conclusions It was concluded that dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis may have anti-proliferative activity through differentiating protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines along with their antioxidant capacity.

2011-01-01

494

"I should live and finish it": A qualitative inquiry into Turkish women's menopause experience  

PubMed Central

Background While bio-medically, menopause could be treated as an illness, from a psychosocial and cultural perspective it could be seen as a "natural" process without requiring medication unless severe symptoms are present. Our objective is to explore the perceptions of Turkish women regarding menopause and Hormone Therapy (HT) to provide health care workers with an insight into the needs and expectations of postmenopausal women. Methods A qualitative inquiry through semi-structured, in-depth interviews was used to explore the study questions. We used a purposive sampling and included an equal number of participants who complained about the climacteric symptoms and those who visited the outpatient department for a problem other than climacteric symptoms but when asked declared that they had been experiencing climacteric symptoms. The interview questions focused on two areas; 1) knowledge, experiences, attitudes and beliefs about menopause and; 2) menopause-related experiences and ways to cope with menopause and perception of HT. Results Most of the participants defined menopause as a natural transition process that one should go through. Cleanliness, maturity, comfort of not having a period and positive changes in health behaviour were the concepts positively attributed to menopause, whereas hot flushes, getting old and difficulties in relationships were the negatives. Osteoporosis was an important concern for most of the participants. To deal with the symptoms, the non-pharmacological options were mostly favoured. Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first qualitative study which focuses on Turkish women's menopausal experiences. Menopause was thought to be a natural process which was characterised by positive and negative features. Understanding these features and their implications in these women's lives may assist healthcare workers in helping their clients with menopause.

Cifcili, Serap Y; Akman, Mehmet; Demirkol, Abdullah; Unalan, Pemra C; Vermeire, Etienne

2009-01-01

495

MEFV mutations in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients with familial Mediterranean fever.  

PubMed

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder with more than 60 disease-associated mutations in the responsible gene, MEFV. In the present study, we determined 15 MEFV mutations in Iranian Azeri Turkish FMF patients. Five hundred and twenty-four unrelated patients were tested for 15 known mutations in the MEFV gene using amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. Thirty-five different genotypes were characterized among the studied patients. Of the alleles investigated, the most common mutation was p.M694V (42.4%), followed by p.V726A (17%), p.E148Q (16.2%), and p.M680I (c.2040G>C) (15.2%). The p.R761H mutation (4.7%) was found to be the most frequent among the rare mutations. The mutations p.M680I (c.2040G>A), p.I692del, p.M694del and p.K695R were not found in this cohort. The remaining mutations account for 7.7% of the identifiable mutations. Five different types of complex alleles were also identified. The results show the diversity and the frequency of the mutations in the Iranian Azeri Turkish FMF patients. The p.R761H mutation is rather prevalent in Azeri Turks; therefore, it should be included in the routine molecular diagnosis of FMF patients from this ethnic group. PMID:19863562

Bonyadi, M; Esmaeili, M; Jalali, H; Somi, M H; Ghaffari, A; Rafeey, M; Sakha, K; Lotfalizadeh, N; Pourhassan, A; Khoshbaten, M; Ardalan, M R; Laghaeian, N

2009-11-01

496

TNF-Alpha Gene Polymorphisms in Iranian Azari Turkish Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases  

PubMed Central

Context: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (IBD) whose causes are not fully known. Emerging data indicate that alterations in cytokine synthesis may play a role in IBD pathogenesis. Aims: We aimed to determine the association between tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF?) promoter polymorphisms (at positions ? 308 and ? 1031) and susceptibility to IBD among Iranian Azari Turkish patients. Settings and Design: One hundred and one patients with IBD and 100 healthy subjects were analyzed. Materials and Methods: Both polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNF? gene at positions -1031T/C and -308G/A were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. All statistical analyses were calculated with SPSS for Windows 16.0. The Fisher's exact test was used to test for departure from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium of the genotype frequencies (P > 0.05). Results: The allele frequency of the TNF?-308G and -1031T were higher in IBD patients but did not reach statistical significance. However, the homozygous TT genotype for the SNP-1031 T > C was significantly higher in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.01) and the heterozygous CT genotype for the SNP -1031 T > C was significantly lower in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.03). Conclusions: The TNF?-1031 T allele confers a significant risk for developing UC in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients. Also the frequency of TNF?-1031 C allele was considerably low among patients with UC and it may have protective role among them (OR = 0.43; P = 0.01).

Bonyadi, Mortaza; Abdolmohammadi, Reza; Jahanafrooz, Zohreh; Somy, Mohammad-Hosein; Khoshbaten, Manoochehr

2014-01-01

497

The prevalence of pulp stones in a Turkish population. A radiographic survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The goal of this retrospective study was to determine the prevalence of pulp stones in a Turkish population. Any possible associations between pulp stones and gender, tooth type and dental arch were also evaluated. Study Design: Four hundred and sixty nine patients’ bitewing radiographs which were reached through the patient database of Erciyes University Dentistry School, Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology were examined. Of these 469 subjects whose mean age was 24( ± 10.7), 302 were females and 167 were males. A total of 6,926 teeth were examined during this study. Pulp stones were recorded as present or absent and any relations with gender, tooth type and dental arch were noted. Results: Pulp stones were identified in 270 (57.6 %) of the subjects and in 1,038 (15 %) of the teeth examined. Their presence were seldom found in the premolars (9.07%) but was much higher in the molars (90.92 %). Pulp stone occurrence was significantly more common in the first molars than in the second molars, and in the first premolars than in the second premolars in each dental arch. Their occurrence was higher in the maxilla than in the mandible for each tooth type. No difference between the two genders could be identified. Conclusion: Pulp stones are not only incidental radiographic findings of the pulp tissue but may also be an indicator of some serious underlying disease. On the other hand, they may provide useful information to predict about the susceptibility of patients for other dystrophic soft tissue calcifications such as urinary calculi and calcified atheromas. However, further study on this issue is needed. Key words: Prevalence, pulp stone, Turkish population.

Aktan, Ali M.; Tar?m-Ertas, Elif; Ciftci, Mehmet E.; Sekerci, Ahmet E.

2012-01-01

498

Turkish version of impact on family scale: a study of reliability and validity  

PubMed Central

Background Although there is a considerably high prevalence of developmental disorders in Turkey there are not many assessment tools related to evaluating the impact of these children on their family. The aim of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Impact on Family Scale (IPFAM), a health related quality of life measurement to be utilized in clinical trials, health care services, research and evaluation. Methods Caregivers of 85 children with developmental disabilities answered the questionnaire and 65 of them answered it twice with a one week interval. The reliability of the measurement was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient, and with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for test-retest reliability. Construct validity was assessed by calculating the correlation between total impact score of IPFAM, WeeFIM and the physiotherapists' evaluation via Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to determine the child's disability. Results Test-retest reliability was found to be ICC = 0.953 for total impact, 0.843 for financial support, 0.940 for general impact, 0.871 for disruption of social relations and 0.787 for coping. Internal consistency was tested using Cronbach's alpha and was found to be 0.902 for total impact of IPFAM. For construct validity the correlation between total impact score of IPFAM and WeeFIM was r = -0,532 (p < 0.001) and the correlation between total impact score of IPFAM and the physiotherapist's evaluation was r = 0.519 (p < 0.001). Conclusion The Turkish version of IPFAM was found to be a reliable and valid instrument for assessing the impact of developmental disorders of the child on the family.

Bek, Nilgun; Simsek, I Engin; Erel, Suat; Yakut, Yavuz; Uygur, Fatma

2009-01-01

499

Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of ladd and profilet child behavior scale victimization scale and picture sociometry scale to measure peer relations of 5-6 years- old turkish children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to test the linguistic equivalance, reliability, validity of the Turkish version of “Ladd and Profilet Child Behavior Scale, Victimization Scale and Picture Sociometry Scale”.Statistics of aritmetic average, standart deviation, internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach Alpha), item-total and item-remainder analysis, test- retest reliability were calculated for reliability of Ladd and Profilet Child Behavior Scale, Victimization Scale

Hülya Gülay; Alev Önder

2009-01-01

500

First observations in Turkish Thrace on water mite larvae parasitism of Ranatra linearis by Hydrachna gallica (Acari: Hydrachnidia).  

PubMed

Many aquatic insect species, including aquatic Hemiptera, are parasitized by water mite larvae. Although this situation may cause damaging impacts to the hosts, the mites can disperse and colonize new localities in this way. Little is known about the frequency of water mite ectoparasitism amongst the aquatic Hemiptera in Turkey. In this study, larval water mite parasitism on aquatic Hemiptera, which have been collected from different localities in Turkish Thrace, was evaluated. It was found that only nine individuals, belonging two different species in a total of 367 hemipteran specimens, were parasitized by larval water mites. Furthermore, variations in sizes and shapes of the mites on the waterscorpion Ranatra linearis Linne, 1758 and Nepa cinerea Linne, 1758 were determined. These are the first records for larval mite parasitism on R. linearis and N. cinerea in Turkish Thrace. PMID:23377913

Zawal, Andrzej; Çamur-Elipek, Belgin; Fent, Meral; Kirgiz, Timur; Dzierzgowska, Kinga

2013-03-01