Sample records for turkish reactor-1

  1. Turkish Students' Force Meanings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menekse, Muhsin; Clark, Douglas B.; Ozdemir, Gokhan; D'angelo, Cynthia; Scheligh, Sharon

    2009-01-01

    What are Turkish pre, elementary, middle, and high school students' force ideas? And, how do Turkish students' non-normative force ideas differ or be similar to the well-known force misconceptions reported in the literature? Students have false and persistent beliefs about the physical world and they struggle with challenging misconceptions based…

  2. Evaluation of Turkish Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the new Turkish education program that has been being implemented since 2005 gradually in light of teacher suggestions. The study has been done in scanning model. In this study which has been conducted with the purpose of evaluating the newly prepared Turkish education programs, the program has been tried to be…

  3. Turkish: A Guide to the Spoken Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

    This Turkish phrasebook is intended as a guide to pronunciation and useful words and phrases. All entries are given first in English, followed by the Turkish word in simplified English phonetic spelling, with the Turkish spelling in parentheses. The "Useful Words and Phrases," dealing with subjects such as directions, greetings, numbers and…

  4. Silicosis in Turkish denim sandblasters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Metin Akgun; Arzu Mirici; Elif Yilmazel Ucar; Mecit Kantarci; Omer Araz; Metin Gorguner

    Background Sandblasting of jeans in small Turkish workshops has recently been recognized as a cause of silicosis. Case series Between August 2004 and March 2006, we admitted 16 young men with a history of working in small workplaces producing sandblasted jeans. Of these, 14 presented with respiratory symptoms and the remaining two through awareness of their work colleagues. In the

  5. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  6. Turkish Basic Course. Graded Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agrali, Selman N., Comp.; And Others

    The present Reader is the third and final volume in the Foreign Service Institute's "Turkish Basic Course." (See ED 013 451 and ED 024 050 for Units 1-30 and Units 31-50.) Reading selections are arranged in approximate ascending order of difficulty with some grouping of selections in subject matter categories. The selections, which have not been…

  7. Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return.

    PubMed

    Vasileva, D

    1992-01-01

    The main factors which determined the 1989 migration of Turks in Bulgaria back to Turkey are discussed. Background history is provided. After World War I, Turks in bulgaria comprised 10% of the total population. Bulgarian policy had been, up to the 1980s to send Rumelian Turks back, but the policy after 1980 was one of a national revival process to integrate Turks into the developed socialist society. Muslim traditions, customs, and Turkish language were interfered with. International disfavor resulted. In May 1989, the Communist Party declared, in an effort to show democratic ideals, open borders. Thus began the new emigration wave. 369,839 people fled to the Turkish border. 43% of the 9.47 ethnic Turks in bulgaria went to Turkey within 4 months. The numbers decreased in November, and soon after the communist regime ended. New laws were adopted allowing Turks to assume their original Turkish names. The huge migration was clearly political, and as such, the emigrant Turks should be determined as refugees and asylum seekers. The provocation of ethnic Turks was used by the communist regime to solve potential social conflicts. Not only did Turks flee to escape from violence or for religious, cultural, and moral reasons but also due to free market initiatives begun in Turkey in the early 1980s which improved Turkish quality of life. Food and consumer goods were cheaper and economic advantages were perceived. Emigrants were primarily peasants with lower levels of education, professional qualifications, and labor skills. 154,937 (42%) returned to bulgaria and 58% stayed in Turkey to comprise 25% of the former Turkish population. During this period, tensions between countries was high.l Bulgarians actively encouraged emigration and Turkey welcomed it. The emigrants to Turkey were seen as foreigners (muhacir or gocmen) but were received with good will and were readily accepted into menial positions. Emigrants were confronted with political, linguistic, and cultural differences. The unifying factor was the Islamic religion. For those returning to Bulgaria, the change in regime meant the government worked to solve the emigrants' housing problems and teaching Turkish in primary and secondary schools. The result of this massive migration has been a change in the demographics and social structure of Bulgaria, and the realization that forceful migration is inefficient in solving problems. PMID:12285857

  8. Turkish To Crimean Tatar Machine Translation System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kemal Altintas

    2001-01-01

    TURKISH TO CRIMEAN TATAR MACHINE TRANSLATION SYSTEM Kemal Altintas MS in Computer Engineering Supervisor: Asst.Prof.Ilyas Cicekli July, 2001 Machine translation has always been interesting to people since the invention of computers. Most of the research has been conducted on western languages such as English and French, and Turkish and Turkic languages have been left out of the scene. Machine translation

  9. Concept Maps and Language: A Turkish Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilic, Gulsen Bagci

    2003-01-01

    Concept maps are being used by an increasing number of educators in Europe and the US. This paper has four goals. First, it discusses problems in developing Novak's style concept maps in Turkish caused by linguistic differences between Turkish and English. Second, it reports the findings of a research study conducted to adapt concept maps to…

  10. Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tas, Halil I.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

  11. Issues in Generating Turkish from Interlingua

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    used in the KANT knowledge­based machine translation system, and some issues that we have encountered. This study is the first application of knowledge­based machine translation from English to Turkish these systems, and build a prototype knowledge­based machine translation system from English to Turkish

  12. Teacher Efficacy of Turkish Physical Education Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gencay, Okkes Alpaslan

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of the Teacher Efficacy Scale in Physical Education (TESPE) in Turkey's conditions, and to test if there are any differences in gender and teaching experience of Turkish PE teachers. Turkish version of the scale was administered to 257 physical education teachers (184…

  13. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  14. Shifting Turkish American Identity Formations in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ilhan Kaya

    2003-01-01

    This dissertation examines Turkish-American identity formations in the United States. Through a case study based in the New York metropolitan area, this study explores how the contestation and negotiation of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-American identity is grounded in place and across space. It examines Turkish-Americaness in relation to Westerness, Muslimness, Arabness, Americaness, and Turkishness. The study problematizes ethnic and racial

  15. Turkish residential real estate investment analysis

    E-print Network

    Ciller, Berk (Berk U.)

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the investment potential for Turkish Residential Real Estate Market, focusing mainly on Istanbul. With a stable economy since 2002, dynamic population, geo-political location and the potential accession ...

  16. European Journal of Turkish Book Reviews

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    European Journal of Turkish Studies Book Reviews in the humanites and social sciences run by the CLEO, Centre for open electronic publishing (CNRS, EHESS, UP, UAPV). ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Electronic reference Elise Massicard, « Hans-Lukas Kieser, Vorkämpfer der ,,Neuen Türkei". Revolutionäre

  17. Acquired dyslexia in a Turkish-English speaker.

    PubMed

    Raman, Ilhan; Weekes, Brendan S

    2005-06-01

    The Turkish script is characterised by completely transparent bidirectional mappings between orthography and phonology. To date, there has been no reported evidence of acquired dyslexia in Turkish speakers leading to the naïve view that reading and writing problems in Turkish are probably rare. We examined the extent to which phonological impairment and orthographic transparency influence reading disorders in a native Turkish speaker. BRB is a bilingual Turkish-English speaker with deep dysphasia accompanied by acquired dyslexia in both languages. The main findings are an effect of imageability on reading in Turkish coincident with surface dyslexia in English and preserved nonword reading. BRB's acquired dyslexia suggests that damage to phonological representations might have a consequence for learning to read in Turkish. We argue that BRB's acquired dyslexia has a common locus in chronic underactivation of phonological representations in Turkish and English. Despite a common locus, reading problems manifest themselves differently according to properties of the script and the type of task. PMID:16107781

  18. TURKISH LVCSR: TOWARDS BETTER SPEECH RECOGNITION FOR AGGLUTINATIVE LANGUAGES

    E-print Network

    Schultz, Tanja

    @ira.uka.de ABSTRACT The Turkish language belongs to the Turkic family. All members of this family are close to one language of the Turkic family spoken by about 65 million speakers. For all experiments we use the Turkish

  19. Acquired Dyslexia in a Turkish-English Speaker

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raman, Ilhan; Weekes, Brendan S.

    2005-01-01

    The Turkish script is characterised by completely transparent bidirectional mappings between orthography and phonology. To date, there has been no reported evidence of acquired dyslexia in Turkish speakers leading to the naive view that reading and writing problems in Turkish are probably rare. We examined the extent to which phonological…

  20. Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

  1. Physical Profiles of Turkish Young Greco-Roman Wrestlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslanoglu, Erkal

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate some physical properties of Turkish National Greco-Roman wrestlers and reveal the profile of Turkish Young National Greco-Roman athlete. A total of 48 male athletes who were from Turkish Young National Greco-Roman Wrestling Team participated in this study. This study was carried out at Wrestling Federation…

  2. PARENTING AND SOCIAL ROLES IN TURKISH TRADITIONAL FAMILIES: ISSUES AND CHOICES IN PARENTING FOR TURKISH EXPATRIATE FAMILIES LIVING IN BUCHAREST

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet ECIRLI

    2012-01-01

    This article looks into the issues and challenges of parenting in Turkish families upholding traditional values that live in Bucharest, the capital of Romania. Based on theoretical mainstreams on parenting and the structure of Turkish families, a qualitative research was designed with two aims. The first was to describe the issues and choices in parenting for Turkish expatriate families living

  3. Internet use among Turkish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Tahiroglu, Aysegul Yolga; Celik, Gonca G; Uzel, Mehtap; Ozcan, Neslihan; Avci, Ayse

    2008-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate Internet use habits and problematic Internet use (PIU) in Turkish adolescents. Participants were 3,975 undergraduate students, 7.6% of whom used the Internet for more than 12 hours weekly. The Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was used. The most common purpose for using the Internet was playing games, followed by general information search. Female users mostly preferred searching for general information; male users preferred playing games (p < 0.001, gamma = 995.205). The most preferred type of game was violent games. While preference for strategy and fantasy role-play (FRP) games increased with age, preference for other games decreased (p < 0.0001, gamma = 283.767). Participants who used the Internet mostly for general information searches and school-related searches had lower OCS scores (p < 0.0001). The highest OCS scores were related to violent games, followed by FRP, strategy, and sports and motor racing games. Computers and the Internet are useful, important inventions, but like other inventions, if used improperly, they may be harmful. Risk of harm raises concerns about who should use the Internet and computers, and where, when, and why the Internet and computers should be used. PMID:18785800

  4. Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

    2009-01-01

    Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

  5. Beta thalassaemia mutations in Turkish Cypriots.

    PubMed Central

    Sozuoz, A; Berkalp, A; Figus, A; Loi, A; Pirastu, M; Cao, A

    1988-01-01

    Using oligonucleotide hybridisation or restriction endonuclease analysis, we have characterised the molecular defect in 94 patients with thalassaemia major and four with thalassaemia intermedia of Turkish Cypriot descent. We found that four mutations, namely beta+ IVS-1 nt 110, beta zero IVS-1 nt, beta+ IVS-1 nt 6, and beta+ IVS-2 nt 745 were prevalent, accounting for 69.9%, 11.7%, 8.7%, and 5.6% respectively of the beta thalassaemia chromosomes. This information may help in the organisation of a large scale prevention programme based on fetal diagnosis of beta thalassaemia by DNA analysis in the Turkish population. PMID:3236356

  6. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  7. An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erkan Erdogdu

    2011-01-01

    Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with

  8. Perceptions of Creativity by Turkish Student Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dikici, Ayhan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether Turkish student teachers have implicit opinions regarding creativity. For this purpose, whether the student teachers' genders, backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels created significant differences on the formation of their implicit opinions regarding creativity was examined. First, the What Do You…

  9. The Making of the Turkish Financial Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Korkut Boratav

    2003-01-01

    At the turn of the century the Turkish economy was in need of an urgent stabilization in order to halt a treacherous process of inflation, unsustainable public debt accumulation, and increasing financial fragility, resulting from irresponsible policies and lack of fiscal discipline that had been endemic since the early 1980s. The stabilization program launched with support from the IMF has,

  10. THE MAKING OF THE TURKISH FINANCIAL CRISIS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Korkut Boratav

    2002-01-01

    There can be little doubt that at the turn of the century the Turkish economy was in need of an urgent stabilization in order to halt a treacherous process of high and volatile inflation, unsustainable public debt accumulation, and increasing financial fragility, resulting from irresponsible policies and lack of fiscal discipline that had been endemic under various governments since the

  11. English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cetin, Gulcan

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

  12. Corrective Discourse in Turkish EFL Classrooms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Musayeva, Gulsen

    1998-01-01

    A study examined oral corrective discourse in English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) classes at a Turkish university, with data gathered through classroom observation of teacher-student interaction, teacher interviews, and a student survey concerning preferences for amount and type of corrective feedback. Results indicate a small degree of parity…

  13. Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seref Soylu

    2007-01-01

    Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NOx, particulate matter

  14. Beyond Classroom Achievement: Standardized Turkish Tests.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basci, Pelin

    1999-01-01

    The goals, concerns, and issues addressed by a committee of the American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages (AATT) in the process of developing a standardized Turkish language proficiency test at the college level are examined. The testing committee aimed at incorporating recent scholarship on second language acquisition, teaching…

  15. Turkish Proficiency Tests: A National Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuruoglu, Guliz

    1999-01-01

    The process and results of a project to develop a Turkish language proficiency test are described. The project was undertaken by the American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages, and involved development of two sample tests for intermediate and advanced levels in four skill areas (speaking, listening, reading, writing) using…

  16. Friendship Preferences among German and Turkish Preadolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter; Rutland, Adam

    2011-01-01

    This study examined changes in and predictors of preference for same-ethnic friendships among German (N = 106) and Turkish (N = 45) preadolescents (M age = 10.4 years) during their 1st year in an ethnically heterogeneous school. Drawing on the contact hypothesis, it examined the relation between children's attitudes and their preference for…

  17. Educational problems of Turkish migrants' children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nermin Abadan-Unat

    1975-01-01

    The author deals with the education of Turkish migrants' children and the handicaps existing for equal access to all educational opportunities. She comes to the conclusion that unless realistic measures endeavouring bi-cultural integration on behalf of the growing generations are implemented, the dependency of Turkey's excessive manpower on the European labour market will mark these children and leave them on

  18. Discourse Anaphora in Turkish as Mother Tongue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2009-01-01

    The present paper researches the abilities of Turkish adults from Bulgaria to create narratives. It analyses the narratives of the adults using discourse strategies. The findings show some problems of bilingual adults in creating narratives which are not discussed in the scientific literature. This paper brings some new knowledge to the field of…

  19. Mineral matter identification of some Turkish lignites

    SciTech Connect

    Yaman, S.; Taptik, Y.; Kuecuekbayrak, S.; Kadioglu, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey). Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty

    1995-01-01

    Samples of 15 Turkish lignites were oxidized by performic acid. Their mineral matter was isolated without any important chemical decomposition. The X-ray diffraction method was employed to determine the mineral species in the isolated mineral matter and in the ashes of the lignite samples. The results were compared and discussed.

  20. English Teaching Profile: Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    This review of the status of English language instruction in the Turkish community of Cyprus provides an overview of the social and political role of English in the society in general, and outlines the status of English use and instruction in the educational system at all levels (elementary, secondary, higher, adult, and teacher). Topics covered…

  1. Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkis, Secil

    2009-01-01

    This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

  2. Daily Life of a Turkish Medical Oncologist

    PubMed Central

    Serdar Turhal, Nazim

    2012-01-01

    There are many changes occurring in the Turkish health care system, including but not limited to consolidation of public hospitals and administrative takeover of some university hospitals by the Ministry of Health. Because of its unique situation, Marmara University Hospital is at the center of these changes. The adaptation process will continue for another year or so, after which it is hoped that a better health care environment will have been created for patients with cancer in Turkey. PMID:22942810

  3. "Turkish Modernization," Democracy, and Education: An Analysis from Dewey's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozsoy, Seckin

    2009-01-01

    Dewey is an important representative of the libertarian education movement, which has its roots based on the values of the enlightenment. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between "Turkish modernization" and education from Dewey's perspective. In the paper, the place and effect of Dewey in the Turkish pedagogical vision was analyzed…

  4. What Trends Do Turkish Biology Education Studies Indicate?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Calik, Muammer; Cavus, Ragip

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine what trends Turkish biology education studies indicate. To achieve this aim, the researchers examined online databases of the Higher Education Council and open access archives of graduate theses in web sites of Turkish universities. Finally, totally 138 graduate theses were elicited to analyze in regard to…

  5. Democracy through Learner-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Kaya

    2009-01-01

    Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article…

  6. Exploring Turkish Upper Primary Level Pupils' Understanding of Digestion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakici, Yilmaz

    2005-01-01

    This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The…

  7. Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

    2011-01-01

    The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

  8. Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagci, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

  9. Opinions of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers on the Curriculum of Turkish Literature Course Based on the Constructivist Learning Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epcacan, Cahit

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to collect the opinions of Turkish Language and Literature teachers at secondary schools about the Curriculum of the Turkish Literature Course based on the constructivist learning theory. To this end, the descriptive method was employed to collect teacher opinions. Structured interview was used as a data…

  10. Democracy Through Learner-Centered Education: a Turkish Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, Kaya

    2009-01-01

    Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article then presents the problems and constraints that pose threats to the implementation of learner-centered instruction in Turkey. The author also explains the problems within the Turkish educational system and teacher education programmes, and the challenges that in-service teachers and students may experience with learner-centered instruction.

  11. Gender equality or patriarchal dividend: Structural change in Turkish nursing.

    PubMed

    Herdman, Elizabeth; Badir, Aysel

    2008-06-01

    Turkey is attempting to join the European Union and is facing pressure to eliminate many forms of discrimination, including discrimination based on gender. In keeping with these aims, in early 2007 the Turkish government changed the law to permit Turkish men to become nurses. Given that Turkey is a highly patriarchal society and that occupational segregation by sex is a persistent feature, it is important to examine the potential outcome of the legislative changes. The aim of this paper is to explore the paradoxical potential for Turkish female nurses to experience increased discrimination in a system that is restructured by legislation to be non-discriminatory. PMID:18466390

  12. Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Turkish honey bees belong to the east Mediterranean mitochondrial lineage DR Smith) Summary — Honey bees were collected from12 localities in Turkey. The mitochondrial genomes lineages of honey bee mitochondrial DNA (west European, east Mediterranean and African). Based

  13. Opportunities and obstacles for foreign investors in Turkish real estate

    E-print Network

    Halkali, Hasan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the Turkish real estate market from the viewpoint of foreign investors contemplating entering into that market. Since 2002, the government of Turkey has been implementing an aggressive economic reform ...

  14. Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilek Yelda Bekta?

    2008-01-01

    In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities\\u000a is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading\\u000a to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services. Finally, key elements for working\\u000a effectively with international students are presented and a

  15. The Turkish version of the breastfeeding attrition prediction tool.

    PubMed

    Karaya?iz Muslu, Gonca; Basbakkal, Zümrüt; Janke, Jill

    2011-11-01

    This study demonstrates that the original English version of the Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) was successfully adapted to Turkey, as methodologically demonstrated here. The results of this study show that the Turkish version of the BAPT is similar to the original version and that it can be used with Turkish women to identify mothers who may be at high risk of weaning prematurely. PMID:21940427

  16. Current trends in traditional Turkish meat products and cuisine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Birol Kilic

    2009-01-01

    This study reports on the results of research and technological improvements achieved during the past decade in the field of traditional Turkish meat products having economic value. Traditional Turkish meat products discussed are sucuk (dry, uncooked, cured, and fermented sausage), past?rma (seasoned, air-dried, cured, pressed, and non-fermented beef cut), döner kebab (meat block roasted with slow rotation in front of

  17. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.

    PubMed

    Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

  18. Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

    2014-05-01

    The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

  19. Tactics of diabetes control: Turkish immigrant experiences with chronic illness in Berlin, Germany. 

    E-print Network

    Guell, Cornelia

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores Turkish migrants’ practices of diabetes care in Germany. Health statistics frequently identify minority groups as vulnerable to chronic illness and Turkish-origin Germans are said to be more likely ...

  20. Determining the Comprehensibility of Texts in Sixth Grade Turkish Course Books

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iseri, Kamil

    2010-01-01

    Texts are stated to have an important role in Turkish language education relevant to the goals stated in the Primary Schools Turkish Lesson Teaching Program and Guide (2006), and in the formation and improvement of the individual's reading culture. The aim of the study is to determine the comprehensibility levels of the texts in the Turkish…

  1. Türkçe ?çin Geni?letilebilir Siklik Analiz Programi An Extendible Frequency Analysis Tool for Turkish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melek OKTAY; Atakan KURT; Mehmet KARA

    The analysis of Turkish texts is significant in Turkish language, literature and a wide spectrum of areas. It is a complicated task to count language structures manually. A computer application that processes and analyzes Turkish text documents or document sets (corpus) is beneficial. In this paper, the text processing and analyzing tool is developed to analyze the texts and computes

  2. Identifying Accurate Equivalents between Turkish and Arabic for Foreign Language Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kadizade, Esma Dumanli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to make a list of accurate equivalents between Turkish and Arabic in order to help Arabic-speaking students learn Turkish as a second language, and offer teachers a guide to categorize and teach these lists. Equivalence between the different dialects of Turkish has been studied intensively by linguists. However, a review…

  3. Transfer at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Pronominal Subjects in Bilingual Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haznedar, Belma

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates the issue of crosslinguistic influence in the domain of subject realization in Turkish in simultaneous acquisition of Turkish and English. The use of subjects in a null subject language like Turkish is a phenomenon linked to the pragmatics-syntax interface of the grammar and, thus, is a domain where crosslinguistic…

  4. The experiences of involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands.

    PubMed

    van Rooij, Floor B; van Balen, Frank; Hermanns, Jo M A

    2009-05-01

    The consequences of involuntary childlessness are influenced by culture in several ways. In this study we explored the experiences and responses of infertile Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands (11 couples and 9 women). Interviews were transcribed verbatim and were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The respondents' experiences were clustered around six superordinate themes: effects on self; effects on the relationship with the partner; effects on the relationship with others; disclosure; coping; and the future. Most transcripts revealed that involuntary childlessness has a profound negative influence on multiple aspects of the lives of the respondents. Strong pronatalist ideology, misconceptions about infertility and treatment, and migration-related aspects such as language difficulties, appear to play a role in the negative experiences of Turkish immigrants. Respondents reported several ways of coping (to some extent) with these negative experiences. PMID:19270194

  5. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  6. Level Ordering and Economy in the Lexical Phonology of Turkish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inkelas, Sharon; Orgun, Cemil Orhan

    1995-01-01

    Supports the theory of level ordering by demonstrating, on the basis of productive morphology and phonology, that Turkish has four lexical levels. The first is the principle of Level Economy, which accounts for systematic exceptionality. The second is Level Prespecification, which exempts a root entirely from early lexical levels. Both of these…

  7. An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

    2008-01-01

    Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

  8. Language Planning and Implementation in Turkish Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkgoz, Yasemin

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores a major curriculum innovation in English language teaching in Turkish primary education from macro and micro perspectives. After an overview of the role of English in Turkey, macro-level planning underlying the introduction of English language teaching policy in state-owned primary education is presented. Then the diffusion of…

  9. Turkish Waters: Source of Regional Conflict or Catalyst for Peace?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. E. Gruen

    2000-01-01

    Unlike most Middle East countries which are highly dependent on water from sources originating in other countries or on desalination, Turkey is naturally endowed with relatively abundant water resources. The Turkish government has assigned the highest priority to completing its massive $32 billion Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), consisting of 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric power plants on the Euphrates and

  10. Türkçe metin belgeleri için damgalama Watermarking Tools for Turkish Texts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Mesut MERAL; Bülent SANKUR; A. Sumru ÖZSOY

    Text watermarking is a recent subject of natural language processing aimed to the content security and authentication information of the text documents. This study explores possible text watermarking tools for the Turkish language. Various watermarking tools such as changes of morphological and syntactic structures, and swapping of synonyms and punctuations are investigated and their relative performance measured.

  11. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  12. Anthropometric Breast Measurement: A Study of 385 Turkish Female Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilek K. Av?ar; Ahmet C. Ayg?t; Erol Benlier; Hüsamettin Top; O?uz Ta?k?nalp

    2010-01-01

    Background: Anthropometric measurements and proportions of the human body have made a significant contribution to the science of aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.Objective: The present study was performed to measure anthropometric breast values in Turkish female students and compare them with those of women in other nations.Methods: The study included 385 female undergraduate student volunteers between the ages of 18

  13. Turkish Adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--Version III

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

    2012-01-01

    Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the…

  14. Turkish Teachers' Expectancies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bulbin

    2011-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate (a) which social skills were accepted as critical for success in inclusive classrooms according to the Turkish general classroom teachers and (b) whether the teachers' expectancies related to social skills of the students with and without disabilities differed. The importance dimension of the Social…

  15. Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topcu, Mustafa Sami

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

  16. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  17. Trends in Turkish Mathematics Education Research: From 1998 to 2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baki, Adnan; Guven, Bulent; Karatas, Ilhan; Akkan, Yasar; Cakiroglu, Unal

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study is to determine trends in Turkish Mathematics Education on the basis of both master and doctoral theses involved. The researchers reviewed the online databases of the Higher Education Council and Proquest as well as the library of each university and examined 284 graduate theses in regard to research topic, research methods,…

  18. 4. VIEW NORTH, TURKISH FILBERT TREE AT THE CORNER OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. VIEW NORTH, TURKISH FILBERT TREE AT THE CORNER OF WHAT WAS ONCE THE NUT BLOCK AREA AT THE REAR OF THE ORIGINAL 50-ACRE PARCEL - U.S. Plant Introduction Station, Landscape, 11601 Old Pond Road, Glenn Dale, Prince George's County, MD

  19. European Journal of Turkish Being a MP in contemporary Turkey

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    European Journal of Turkish Studies 3 (2005) Being a MP in contemporary Turkey Studies, Thematic Issue N°3 , Being a MP in contemporary Turkey, URL : http://www.ejts.org/document499 Massicard Abstract. Like in many countries, MPs in Turkey are confronted with contradictory role

  20. Silicon tracker simulation for the Turkish Accelerator Center particle factory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tapan, I.; Pilicer, F. B.

    2014-11-01

    The tracker part of the Turkish Accelerator Center super charm factory detector is composed of 10 silicon strip detector planes supported with carbon layers. In this work, FLUKA simulation results of momentum, energy and position resolutions are presented for this structure. These simulations show that the silicon tracker design is suited for the requirements given by the charm factory physics program.

  1. Character Strengths Are Prominent as Mate Preferences of Turkish Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Elizabeth Michelle; Pearce, Amy R.; Khramtsova, Irina

    2011-01-01

    This study addressed the traits and characteristics that Turkish students deem most important in a long-term romantic partner. We collected quantitative and qualitative data on characteristics desired in romantic partners from students attending Bahçesehir Üniversitesi in Istanbul, Turkey. Like our previous cross-cultural studies conducted in…

  2. Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale into Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korkmaz, Ozgen; Kaya, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting "Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale" designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research…

  3. Functions of Identity Scale: Turkish Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demir, Ilkay

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to test the factor structure, convergent validity, and reliability of the Functions of Identity Scale (FIS) on a Turkish college sample. FIS is a 15 item, self-report instrument consisting of five scales. In line with the original version, both the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a five-factor…

  4. International Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers: A Multiple Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kizilaslan, Irem

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, countries around the world have promoted international experiences for student teachers' development of the knowledge and skills necessary in these interdependent and global times. Using a rigorous qualitative approach, this study explored 10 Turkish student teachers' international opportunities in several European countries…

  5. Reflective Teaching Practices in Turkish Primary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tok, Sukran; Dolapcioglu, Sevda Dogan

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the study is to explore the prevalence of reflective teaching practices among Turkish primary school teachers. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the study. The sample was composed of 328 primary school teachers working in 30 primary education institutions in the town of Antakya in the province of…

  6. Principles Involved in Writing an ESP Textbook for Turkish Policemen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akyel, Ayse; Yalcin, Eileen

    1991-01-01

    Development and use of an English for Special Purposes (ESP) textbook for Turkish police dealing with tourists are described. The textbook and accompanying videotape (not available from ERIC) were designed for use in a course to improve job-specific communicative competence of police officers with a lower-intermediate to intermediate level of…

  7. Turkish Geography Student Teachers' Concerns towards the Teaching Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sezer, Adem

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the levels of concern of Turkish geography student teachers towards the teaching profession. The study was conducted with 293 geography student teachers who are enrolled in the last class of the Geography Student Teachers Program of the Faculties of Education and enrolled in a Non-Thesis Master's Degree…

  8. Exploring Teacher Perceptions and Expectations of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot Girls from the Perspectives of Both Teachers and Students in Three London Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Ann Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the role of teacher perceptions and expectations in the relatively low educational achievement of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot (T/K/TC) girls in the English secondary system. Recent research emphasises the "invisibility" of these groups within educational settings. However, the study reported here finds, on…

  9. The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Sarmer; S. Ergin; G. Yavuzer

    2000-01-01

    This study was undertaken to translate and adapt the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into the Turkish language and\\u000a investigate its validity and reliability for Turkish female fibromyalgia (FM) patients. After translation into Turkish, we\\u000a administered the FIQ and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to 51 women with fibromyalgia. As well as socio-demographic\\u000a characteristics, the severity of relevant clinical symptoms, e.g., pain

  10. A qualitative case study of the impact of socio-cultural factors on prominent Turkish writers

    E-print Network

    Gunersel, Adalet Baris

    2009-05-15

    by its sociopolitical life? (Oral, Kaufman, & Sexton, 2004, p. 224). After World War I, the Turkish people, led by Mustafa Kemal (Atat?rk) (1881-1938), fought the invading Allies, the Ottoman aristocracy, and the palace, and founded the Turkish... (Meydan-Larousse, 1972). It has been suggested that modern Turkish culture has its roots in the Ottoman Empire in the same way that European cultures are rooted in medieval Roman Christendom (Paolucci, 1973). Social unrest, political instability...

  11. Burnup study for Pakistan Research Reactor1 utilizing high density low enriched uranium fuel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rizwan Ahmed; Aslam; Nasir Ahmad

    2005-01-01

    Burnup study for Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1), which is a typical swimming pool type MTR utilizing high density low enriched uranium fuel, was performed by using Fuel Cycle Analysis Program (FCAP). Existing equilibrium core of PARR-1, which is relatively economical but provides less neutron fluxes per unit power than the first equilibrium core, was formed by adding five more fuel

  12. Sexuality related attitudes and behaviors of Turkish university students.

    PubMed

    Askun, Duysal; Ataca, Bilge

    2007-10-01

    In this study, sexual attitudes and behaviors of Turkish university students were explored by taking many influential agents both at the distal and the proximal levels into consideration. A total of 563 students from three universities located in three cities completed a questionnaire that assessed their virginity status, first intercourse, sexual permissiveness, pornography usage, endorsement of traditional sexual double standards, and the perception of parental attitudes about sexuality. The results showed that women and students from rural areas were more traditional and conservative in their attitudes and behaviors regarding sexuality. The perception of maternal restriction about sexuality was related to sexual conservatism, negative affective reaction at first coitus, and endorsing traditional sexual double standards. The results are discussed in terms of various degrees of influences originating from proximal and distal variables in the Turkish context. PMID:17629783

  13. Design and Implementation of a Computational Lexicon for Turkish

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdullah Kurtulus Yorulmaz

    1997-01-01

    DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATIONOFA COMPUTATIONAL LEXICONFOR TURKISHAbdullah Kurtulu?s YorulmazM.S. in Computer Engineering and Information ScienceSupervisor: Asst. Prof. Kemal OflazerFebruary, 1997All natural language processing systems (such as parsers, generators, taggers)need to have access to a lexicon about the words in the language. This thesispresents a lexicon architecture for natural language processing in Turkish. Givena query form consisting of a surface form and

  14. Dimensions of the Turkish version of the Psychological Empowerment Scale.

    PubMed

    Hancer, Murat

    2005-10-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the dimensions of Spreitzer's Psychological Empowerment Scale for Turkish-speaking people. The scale was tested with a group of undergraduate students in Turkey (N = 214; M age = 22.6 yr., SD = 1.5, range = 19-27). Cronbach coefficient alpha was .84. By using maximum likelihood analysis with oblique rotation, three factors emerged and were labeled Influence, Meaning, and Competence. PMID:16342595

  15. Active tectonics of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alex Copley; James Jackson

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines how active faulting in the Turkey-Iran-Caucasus region accommodates the Arabia-Eurasia collision and the velocity field observed by GPS. The overall shortening across the zone is, in general, spatially separated (“partitioned”) into right-lateral strike slip in the Turkish-Iranian Plateau and thrusting in the Greater Caucasus. A band of counterclockwise rotating NW-SE right-lateral strike-slip faults accommodates a NW-SE gradient

  16. Assessing of energy policies based on Turkish agriculture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cengiz Sayin; M. Nisa Mencet; Burhan Ozkan

    2005-01-01

    In this study, the current energy status of Turkey and the effects of national energy policies on Turkish agricultural support policies are discussed for both current and future requirements. Turkey is an energy-importing country producing 30mtoe (million tons of oil equivalent) energy but consuming 80mtoe. The energy import ratio of Turkey is 65–70% and the majority of this import is

  17. An Assessment of Fertility in Boron-exposed Turkish Subpopulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bekir Sitki Sayli; Ersöz Tüccar; Atilla Halil Elhan

    1998-01-01

    Relationships between elevated boron intake and fertility were sought by comparing reproduction in the residents of two Turkish villages with high levels of boron in their drinking water (one with 8.5 to 29 mg B\\/L and the other with 2.05 to 2.5 mg B\\/L), with three nearby villages with more typical low boron levels (0.03 to 0.40 mg B\\/L). The

  18. An Assessment of Fertility in Boron-Exposed Turkish Subpopulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Çöl; B. Sayli; Y. Genç; E. Erçevik; A. Elhan; A. Keklik

    Relationships between elevated boron intake and fertility were sought by comparing reproduction in the residents of two Turkish villages with high levels of boron in their drinking water (one with 8.5 to 29 mg B\\/L and the other with 2.05 to 2.5 mg B\\/L), with three nearby villages with more typical low boron levels (0.03 to 0.40 mg B\\/L). The

  19. Somatotypes of Male Whitewater Canoe Athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vedat, Ayan

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the somatotype characteristics of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. 10 male whitewater canoe athletes from the Turkish National Canoe Team voluntarily participated in the study during the national team camp in Rize in 2011. The age, height, weight, skinfold thickness, circumference,…

  20. Borrowing and Its Implications for Turkish Phonology. Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics, Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yavas, Mehmet

    Borrowing and its implications for Turkish phonology is examined, focusing on words with initial and final consonant clusters. A brief summary of the relevant portions of Turkish phonology is presented. A formulation of the rules of lateral conditioning and velar conditioning is shown to successfully account for almost all the relevant borrowing…

  1. Program Development Models and Reform in Turkish Primary School Mathematics Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cem BABADOGAN; Sinan OLKUN

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the current reform in the Turkish Mathematics Education at the elementary level by summarizing the types of program development models and changes involved in the current reform. There are three models of pr ogram development; subject centred, learner centred, and problem centred. In terms of content, the Turkish elementary mathematics curricula seem

  2. Mutations of the CFTR gene in Turkish patients with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Didem Dayangac; Hayat Erdem; Engin Yilmaz; Ahmet Sahin; Christof Sohn; Meral Ozguc; Thilo Dork

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Mutations of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) can cause congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) as a primarily genital form of cystic fibrosis. The spectrum and frequency of CFTR mutations in Turkish males with CBAVD is largely unknown. METHODS: We investigated 51 Turkish males who had been diagnosed with CBAVD at the Hacettepe University, Ankara,

  3. The Construct Validity and Reliability of The Turkish Version of Self-consciousness Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet AKIN; Ramazan ABACI

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adapt the Self- consciousness Scale (Mittal & Balasubramanian, 1987) to Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. Participants were 740 university students from Sakarya University. In this study firstly, the language equivalency between English and Turkish forms were tested. After that exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Internal consistency coefficients, and test-retest reliabilities,

  4. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

  5. Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adalier, Ahmet

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

  6. Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

    2005-01-01

    The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

  7. E-Learning Readiness in Medicine: Turkish Family Medicine (FM) Physicians Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parlakkiliç, Alaattin

    2015-01-01

    This research investigates e-learning readiness level of family medicine physicians (FM) in Turkey. The study measures the level of e-learning readiness of Turkish FM physicians by an online e-learning readiness survey. According to results five areas are ready at Turkish FM physicians but need a few improvements:…

  8. Burnout among Turkish High School Teachers Working in Turkey and Abroad: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydogan, Ismail; Dogan, Ahmet Atilla; Bayram, Nuran

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived levels of burnout among Turkish high school teachers working in Turkey and abroad. Method: A total of 255 Turkish teachers working at public schools in Germany (n=78), Cyprus (n=94) and Turkey (n=83) comprised our study group. In Germany and Cyprus, the participants were selected…

  9. Language Proficiency and Socio-Cultural Orientation of Turkish and Moroccan Youngsters in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Extra, Guus; Yagmur, Kutlay

    2010-01-01

    In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherlands. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in…

  10. The Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akin, Ahmet; Abaci, Ramazan; Cetin, Bayram

    2007-01-01

    This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory. The sample of the study consisted of 607 university students. Results of language equivalence indicated that the correlations between Turkish and English forms of the MAI were quite high (r = 0.93). As a result of a series of…

  11. Determination of Career Planning Profiles of Turkish Athletes Who Are Ranked in the Olympics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulya, Bingol; Cemal, Gundogdu; Sukru, Bingol

    2012-01-01

    This study researched in the level of career planning of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics during the time they were active in sports and after they retired. This study which aimed to determine the career planning efficiency of Turkish athletes ranked in the Olympics based on the viewpoints of the athletes holding Olympic degree is scanning…

  12. Difficulties Encountered by Both Teachers and Students in Teaching and Learning Turkish as a Second Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canbulat, Mehmet; Dilekçi, Atilla

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in…

  13. Malignant mesothelioma due to environmental exposure to erionite: follow-up of a Turkish emigrant cohort

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Metintas; G. Hillerdal; S. Metintas

    1999-01-01

    Malignant mesothelioma due to environmental exposure to erionite: follow-up of a Turkish emigrant cohort. M. Metintas, G. Hillerdal, S. Metintas. #ERS Journals Ltd 1999. ABSTRACT: The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is extremely high in some Turkish villages where there is a low-level environmental exposure to erionite, a fibrous zeolite. The best known example is the village of Karain. However, since

  14. A Longitudinal Study of English-Major Turkish Students' Pragmatic Awareness in an EFL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Dogan

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a longitudinal study which examined the development of the Turkish EFL learners' pragmatic awareness in an EFL context in a four-year period. The data which were originally collected from American native speakers and used by Bulut and Ozkan (2005) were also used in this study as the baseline to compare Turkish…

  15. Reviewing Sonority for Word-Final Sonorant+Obstruent Consonant Cluster Development in Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topbas, Seyhun; Kopkalli-Yavuz, Handan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the acquisition patterns of sonorant+obstruent coda clusters in Turkish to determine whether Turkish data support the prediction the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP) makes as to which consonant (i.e. C1 or C2) is more likely to be preserved in sonorant+obstruent clusters, and the error patterns of…

  16. An Examination of Self-Presentational Concern of Turkish Adolescents: An Example of Physical Education Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koca, Canan; Asci, Hulya F.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine self-presentational concern of Turkish adolescents with regard to the gender composition of physical education (PE) class and also to investigate the attitude toward PE and PE class preferences of Turkish adolescents based on this concern. A total of 1,807 eighth-grade students (936 females and 871 males)…

  17. Determinants of daily smoking in Turkish young adults in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Floor VA van Oort; Jan van der Ende; Alfons AM Crijnen; Frank C Verhulst; Johan P Mackenbach; Inez MA Joung

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As little is known about the determinants of smoking in large ethnic minorities in the Netherlands and other Western European countries, we studied the determinants of smoking young adult offspring of Turkish migrants to the Netherlands. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 439 Turkish adults (18–28 y) in 2003. Smokers were compared with never smokers for five groups of determinants: demographic

  18. Teachers' Views on the Applicability of the Turkish Course Curriculum in Crowded Primary Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yaman, Havva

    2009-01-01

    Present study investigated relationships between classroom overcrowding and the Turkish education curriculum (2006) in terms of the applicability of activity-based lower secondary Turkish education curriculum in overcrowded classes. In addition, the problems that occur in the teaching process and the sufficiency of time for the program were…

  19. Bilingual Speech and Language Ecology in Greek Thrace: Romani and Pomak in Contact with Turkish

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bilingual Speech and Language Ecology in Greek Thrace: Romani and Pomak in Contact with Turkish Bilingual Speech and Language Ecology in Greek Thrace: Romani and Pomak in contact with Turkish Evangelia. Tsitsipis ABSTRACT: This paper examines the influence of language ecology (Mufwene 2001, 2005) on bilingual

  20. International Scientific Conference Computer Science'2006 Compiling a Turkish-English Bilingual Corpus and

    E-print Network

    Güngör, Tunga

    International Scientific Conference Computer Science'2006 Compiling a Turkish-English Bilingual discuss the compilation of a bilingual Turkish-English corpus and propose a method for sentence alignment, this is the first comprehensive bilingual corpus between these languages. The proposed sentence alignment algorithm

  1. Coping Resources, Perceived Stress, and Life Satisfaction Among Turkish and American University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth B. Matheny; William L. Curlette; Ferda Aysan; Anna Herrington; Coleman Allen Gfroerer; Errol Hamarat; Dennis F. Thompson

    2002-01-01

    This study investigated coping resources (Coping Resources Inventory for Stress), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), and life satisfaction (Satisfaction with Life Scale) among American and Turkish university students. Results support the use of transactional stress constructs in studying life satisfaction with students in both countries. American and Turkish students did not differ significantly in regard to perceived stress, life satisfaction,

  2. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  3. Migrants and the meaning of parenthood: involuntary childless Turkish migrants in the Netherlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rooij van F. B; F. van Balen; J. M. A. Hermanns

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Parenthood motives of infertile Turkish migrant men and women in The Netherlands are com- pared with those of infertile Dutch men and women. Additionally, the question of whether the importance of various parenthood motives of Turkish migrants are related to the degree of adaptation to the Dutch culture was investi- gated. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered to 58 involuntary childless

  4. Educational Inclusion/Exclusion of Turkish Immigrant Youth in Vancouver, Canada: A Critical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kayaalp, Dilek

    2014-01-01

    This empirical research analyses an understudied population, Turkish immigrant youths' educational experiences of inclusion/exclusion in Vancouver. My information was gathered from in-depth interviews and participant observation with the first- and second-generation, Muslim and non-religious female and male Turkish immigrant youth from…

  5. The Adaptation of Creativity Fostering Primary Teachers Index Scale into Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dikici, Ayhan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the creativity fostering teacher index scale into Turkish. For the language equivalence, firstly, the English version of the scale was translated by 30 English lecturers and then the Turkish version of the scale retranslated by the same lecturers. Later, the scale was applied to 288 teachers working in Nigde…

  6. Taking it to the grave: gender, cultural capital, and ethnicity in Turkish death announcements.

    PubMed

    Ergin, Murat

    Popularly considered a great equalizer, death and the rituals around it nevertheless accentuate social distinctions. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2554) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2006. Out of the liminal position of Turkish death announcements between obituaries and death notices emerges a large decentralized collection of private decisions responding to death, reflecting attitudes toward gender, ethnic/religious minority status and cultural capital, and echoing the aggregate efforts of privileged groups to maintain a particular self-image. Class closures lead to openings for traditionally under-represented minorities, such as Jewish Turkish citizens and citizens of Greek or Armenian origin. Results reveal that signs of status and power in announcements are largely monopolized by men of Turkish-Muslim origins. Although the changes in the genre-characteristics of death announcements are slow, they correspond to major turning points in Turkish social history. PMID:20222236

  7. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma.

    PubMed

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R; Pass, Harvey I; Rivera, Zeyana S; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

    2011-08-16

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

  8. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma

    PubMed Central

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y. Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A. Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R.; Pass, Harvey I.; Rivera, Zeyana S.; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

    2011-01-01

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

  9. Charting the growth of the Turkish-Iranian plateau

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schultz, Colin

    2013-06-01

    Stretching from the Persian Gulf up through Turkey, the northwest-southeast running Zagros fold-and-thrust belt is a region of extensive crustal deformation and seismic activity. Near the Zagros Mountains the structure of the Middle Eastern region is the result of the intersection of three tectonic plates, with the Eurasian plate being squished on both sides by the Arabian and Indian plates. Convergence of the plates is driving the formation of the Turkish-Iranian plateau, a high-elevation expanse of relatively smooth terrain reaching in some places more than 2 kilometers into the sky and lying northeast of the Zagros belt.

  10. Body image among Turkish women during the first year postpartum.

    PubMed

    Erbil, Nülüfer; Senkul, Asuman; Ba?ara, Gül Feyza; Sa?lam, Ye?im; Gezer, Mehtap

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the body image of Turkish women in their first year postpartum. We recruited 440 postpartum women who had applied to the outpatient clinics of the Maternity and Children's Hospital in the city of Ordu, Turkey. The mean of the women's body image scores was over the "middle level." The women's body image scale (BIS) score showed a significant negative relation with age, number of births, weight before pregnancy, weight gain, during pregnancy, weight soon after childbirth, present weight, postpartum weight gain, and postpartum body mass index (BMI). PMID:22242653

  11. Neurosurgery in Turkish poetry: three poets, two poems and two neurosurgeons.

    PubMed

    Kahilogullari, Gokmen

    2015-01-01

    Poems are essential in art and vital organs in literature. Similarly, surgery (and neurosurgery) is also regarded to be an art in medicine. From Hippocrates to nowadays, there is a debate on whether medicine -especially surgery- is a kind of an art or a field of science or a combination of both. This close relation becomes clearer during the practice of surgery, especially in neurosurgery. Herein, the relation between Turkish poetry and Turkish neurosurgery is being presented by researching the interesting and exciting stories about three poets (Can Yücel, Hasan Hüseyin Korkmazgil, Naz?m Hikmet), their poems; and two Turkish neurosurgeons (Gazi Ya?argil, Yücel Kanpolat). PMID:26037173

  12. Vulnerability of Turkish coasts to accelerated sea-level rise

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alpar, Bedri

    2009-06-01

    Accelerated rise in sea-level, and associated geological adjustment, may result in a high impact on shorelines. On the basis of hourly sea-level observations over a 20 year period, sea-level change along the Turkish coast has been investigated. In addition to relative sea-level rise, the high level of human activities in coastal areas puts a significant amount of stress on Turkish coastal zones, especially on coastal lowland plains. Coastal erosion and ground water salinization are the most important impacts and two case studies are discussed in this paper: the Kizilirmak river delta on the Black Sea; and the tourism center of Erdek on the Marmara Sea. Coastal retreat on the Kizilirmak river delta is mostly attributed to decreasing sediment supply to the coast. The shore barriers and the enclosed lagoons are likely to respond readily to future sea-level rise. At Erdek, the most important threat is intrusion of salt water into freshwater systems caused by a combination of accelerated sea-level rise, land reclamation and overexploitation of underground aquifers.

  13. Predicting Academic Achievement: The Role Of Parenting, Nonverbal Intelligence, and Goal Orientation in Turkish Children 

    E-print Network

    Korkmaz, Ummugulsum

    2014-07-25

    The purpose of this research is to examine parenting, child goal orientation, and child nonverbal intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among fifth grade Turkish children. The influence of intelligence, parenting style, and goal...

  14. Predicting Academic Achievement: The Role Of Parenting, Nonverbal Intelligence, and Goal Orientation in Turkish Children

    E-print Network

    Korkmaz, Ummugulsum

    2014-07-25

    The purpose of this research is to examine parenting, child goal orientation, and child nonverbal intelligence as predictors of academic achievement among fifth grade Turkish children. The influence of intelligence, parenting style, and goal...

  15. Design and Implementation of a Tactical Generator for Turkish, a Free Constituent Order Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dilek Zeynep Hakkani

    1996-01-01

    DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATIONOFA TACTICAL GENERATORFOR TURKISH,A FREE CONSTITUENT ORDER LANGUAGEDilek Zeynep HakkaniM.S. in Computer Engineering and Information SciencePrincipal Advisor: Asst. Prof. Kemal OflazerCo-advisor: Asst. Prof. Ilyas C icekliJuly, 1996This thesis describes a tactical generator for Turkish, a free constituent orderlanguage, in which the order of the constituents may change according tothe information structure of the sentences to be generated. In

  16. The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I Dag

    1999-01-01

    The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychiatric symptomatology were investigated in a Turkish college sample of 350 participants (233 females and 117 males). The data were collected with the Turkish version of Tobacyks revised Paranormal Belief Scale (PBS-R), Rotters Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (IELOC), and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Small but significant positive correlations between the

  17. Parenting and preschool child behaviour among Turkish immigrant, migrant and non-migrant families

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melek Daglar; Edward Melhuish; Jacqueline Barnes

    2011-01-01

    When families migrate the new culture and culture of origin may conflict, with possible consequences for parenting and children's development. Turks form one of the largest immigrant groups in Western Europe, and there is also much movement within Turkey. This study compares three groups; Turkish immigrants to the UK (N = 142), migrants within Turkey (N = 229), and Turkish non-migrants (locals, N = 396). The

  18. Participation in breast cancer screening among women of Turkish origin in Germany – a register-based study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Population-based breast cancer screening programs were implemented to reduce breast cancer mortality and to improve recovery chances. Breast cancer screening participation among migrant women differs from that of autochthonous populations in several European countries. Here we investigate for the first time participation among women of Turkish origin in Germany. Methods Data of five screening units covering 2010 and 2011 as well as associated population registries were analysed. Women of Turkish origin were identified using a name-based algorithm. Participation ratios among women of Turkish origin and odds ratios compared to women of non-Turkish origin were calculated. Analyses were stratified and adjusted for age-groups and screening unit. Results A total of 208,500 participants in the five breast screening units were included, out of 423,649 eligible women in the catchment areas (participation 49.2%). Women of Turkish origin have a slightly higher chance to participate in breast cancer screening than women without Turkish origin (OR 1.17; 95% CI: 1.14-1.21). Only women of Turkish origin aged 65–69 years have a lower chance to participate than women without Turkish origin (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.66-0.75). Conclusion In spite of low participation in preventive measures among migrant populations, the overall breast cancer screening participation among women of Turkish origin in Germany seems to be higher compared to women of non-Turkish origin. Turkish women aged 65 years and above have a lower chance of participation than younger Turkish women. There is need for further research to study factors affecting participation in screening among migrant and non-migrant populations in Germany. PMID:24507093

  19. Gem-quality Turkish purple jade: Geological and mineralogical characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hatipo?lu, Murat; Ba?evirgen, Yasemin; Chamberlain, Steven C.

    2012-02-01

    In the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of the western Anatolia (Turkey), an extensive contact metamorphic aureole at the border between the Late Mesozoic coherent metaclastic rocks of blueschist facies and the Early Senozoic intrusive granodiorite stock hosts an interesting and unique gem material with a mineral assemblage consisting mainly of jadeite, quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid, and phlogopite as identified by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and polarized-light microscopy. In addition, chemical analyses performed with X-ray fluorescence and inductive-coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy show that the mass of the metamorphic aureole has a silica-rich, calc-alkaline chemical content. Therefore, some rock building elements (such as Al, Ca, Na, K, P, Sr, and B of which characterize an acidic-neutral rock formation) and trace elements (such as Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ga, La, Ni, Pb, and Zn) are remarkable high ratios. Pale purple-colored gem material of this composition appears to be unique to Turkey, also is only found in one narrow provenance in Turkey. Therefore, it is specially called "Turkish (and/or Anatolian) purple jade" on the worldwide gem market. Even though the mineral jadeite is the principal constituent, 40% by volume as determined with petrographic thin-section examination under a polarized-light microscope, the material cannot be considered pure jadeite. Specific gravity measurements of the jade using a hydrostatic balance confirm that it has a heterogeneous structure. The measured average specific gravity of 3.04, is significantly lower than the normal range for characterized jadeites of 3.24-3.43. Turkish purple jade samples were examined in detail using dispersive confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy (DC?RS) as well as other well-known analytical methods. The resulting strong micro-Raman bands that peaked at 1038, 984, 697, 571, 521, 464, 430, 372, 326, 307, 264, and 201 cm -1 are characteristics of the Turkish purple jade. The first most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 697 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 doubly symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The "M" includes the some cationic substitutions of Si by Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and also K and Na. The second most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 372 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?2 single symmetric bending mode of (SiO 4/M) centers. The third most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 201 cm -1 can be interpreted as translational libration. Finally, the fourth distinctive Raman bands that peaked at 1038 and 984 cm -1 can be interpreted as the ?1 doubly symmetric stretching modes of (SiO 4/M) centers. In addition, both sides of these bands were also barricaded with relatively unimportant Raman bands produced by some structural imperfections. The measurements of these all analytical parameters are the most trustworthy method to distinguish the purple jade from the other well-known kinds of natural, synthetic, and/or color-enhanced jades. Finally, these parameters provide positive identification of the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade. The data obtained in this study for dispersive confocal micro-Raman bands, specific gravity values, and trace element contents provide a unique fingerprint for this kind of jadeite-jade gem material.

  20. On the universality of language comprehension strategies: evidence from Turkish.

    PubMed

    Demiral, Sükrü Bari?; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina

    2008-01-01

    A fundamental question in psycholinguistic research concerns the universality of comprehension strategies. We investigated this issue by examining the so-called "subject preference" in Turkish, a language which allows for a natural (unmarked) object reading of an initial ambiguous argument. Using event-related brain potentials (ERPs), we observed increased processing difficulty in the form of a broadly distributed positivity when an initial ambiguous argument was disambiguated towards an object reading. This effect was independent of the animacy (i.e. semantic subject prototypicality) of the ambiguous argument. Our results therefore speak in favour of a universal tendency to interpret the first argument encountered as the "subject" of the clause, even in languages providing no obvious structural motivation for such a strategy. However, we argue that the underlying explanation for this preference must be modified in accordance with cross-linguistic considerations. PMID:17336956

  1. The Status of Turkish Accelerator Center Test Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Yavas, Oe. [University of Ankara, Fac. of Engineering, Dept. of Engineering Physics, Tandogan 06100, Ankara (Turkey)

    2007-04-23

    Recently, conceptual design of Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. Main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consists of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring and free electron laser from the electron linac are proposed. The project related with this proposal has been accepted by Turkish government. It is planned that the Technical Design Report of TAC will have been written in next three years. In this period, an infrared oscillator free electron laser (IR FEL) will be constructed as a test facility for TAC. 20 and 50 MeV electron energies will be used to obtain infra red free electron laser. The main parameters of the electron linac, the optical cavities and the free electron laser were determined. The possible use of obtained laser beam in basic and applied research areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors and photo chemistry were stated.

  2. The Status of Turkish Accelerator Center Test Facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yava?, Ö.

    2007-04-01

    Recently, conceptual design of Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. Main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consists of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring and free electron laser from the electron linac are proposed. The project related with this proposal has been accepted by Turkish government. It is planned that the Technical Design Report of TAC will have been written in next three years. In this period, an infrared oscillator free electron laser (IR FEL) will be constructed as a test facility for TAC. 20 and 50 MeV electron energies will be used to obtain infra red free electron laser. The main parameters of the electron linac, the optical cavities and the free electron laser were determined. The possible use of obtained laser beam in basic and applied research areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors and photo chemistry were stated.

  3. Beneficiation of Turkish lignites by thermal treatment and magnetic separation

    SciTech Connect

    Onal, G.; Renda, D.; Mustafaev, I.; Dogan, Z.

    1999-07-01

    In this paper, the improvement of Turkish lignites by semi-coking and REMS magnetic separation, in two stages, is discussed. The oxidation and decomposition of pyrite through the thermal treatment result in the formation of iron oxide and pyrrhotite on the surface. In addition to pyrite, part of the organic sulfur is also removed. After thermal treatment of lignites at temperatures ranging from 370 to 650 C, the application of REMS magnetic separator produces a product higher in calorific value and lower in sulfur content. The product can be utilized after briquetting. The volatile gases can also be used after sulfur removal. This process appears to be feasible as a clean coal manufacture from the point of energy efficiency. A short economic analysis is also presented.

  4. Risk of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students.

    PubMed

    Kiziltan, Gül; Karabudak, Efsun

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Bulimic Investigatory Test-Edinburg (BITE). Psychological factors were measured with the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSE) and the State-trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The mean eating attitudes first scores, bulimic investigatory test scores, and Rosenberg self-esteem scores were similar in both groups. Only the STAI score was significantly higher in dietetic students than non-dietetic students. Skipping breakfast was significantly higher in non-dietetic students. Unhealthy weightloss methods were used more by the non-dietetic students than dietetic students. There were no significant effects of nutrition education on BMI and eating attitudes of the students. PMID:19086678

  5. Ethnopharmacy of Turkish-speaking Cypriots in Greater London.

    PubMed

    Yöney, Ahmet; Prieto, José M; Lardos, Andreas; Heinrich, Michael

    2010-05-01

    For centuries, in the Eastern Mediterranean region, medicinal plant use has been widely accepted as a treatment method for both minor and major diseases. Although some knowledge exists on the use of such medicinal plants within the Greek Cypriot culture and considerable information is available on various regions in Turkey, no detailed ethnopharmaceutical or ethnobotanical studies exist on Turkish-speaking Cypriots (TSC) both in Cyprus and within one of the largest TSC migrant communities in London, UK. Semi-structured interviews with members of the TSC community in London were conducted by using a questionnaire consisting both of open and closed questions. Open questions were aimed at identifying herbs, spices, medicinal plants and their uses. Also, graded questions were used to define informants' opinions as a quantitative parameter, constructing a statistical basis. A wide range of therapeutic claims were recorded, including 13 chronic illnesses within 85 different plant species, of which 18 were cited more than 10 times. The most frequently mentioned species were Mentha spicata, Salvia fruticosa and Pimpinella anisum. The plants recorded are frequently based on knowledge derived from Turkish-Cypriot traditions, but many examples of medicinal plants with a use based on UK or general western herbal medical traditions were also recorded. Informants highlighted the risk of knowledge loss in younger generations and thus this study serves as a repository of knowledge for use in the future. Due to a lack of knowledge about such usages in the healthcare professions, our study also highlights the need to develop information sources for use by healthcare practitioners in order to raise awareness about benefits and risks of such medical and health food products. PMID:19827023

  6. A Guide for Undergraduate Level Students to Perform Music for Solo Viola, Viola and Piano,and Viola and Orchestra By Turkish Composers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evren Bilgenoglu

    2008-01-01

    The impetus for this treatise grew out of the author’s curiosity towards viola repertory by Turkish composers and the reasons for very few performances of these works. There are few viola works by Turkish composers performed in concert halls and furthermore, it is unusual for a Turkish piece to be performed in a viola recital. If viola instructors were to

  7. Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three2012 #12;1 Shaky emerging economies in view of the global financial crisis: The Turkish economy after three decades of liberal reforms* Faruk ÜLGEN 1. Introduction The 2007/08 global financial crisis raises

  8. Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oztemel, Kemal

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

  9. English Related Difficulties Experienced by Turkish Students Studying in a Dual Diploma Elt Program in the U.S.A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildirim, Ozgur

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate English language related difficulties experienced by 30 Turkish dual diploma students studying in an ELT (English Language Teaching) program established between a Turkish and an American university, and to see the effects of those difficulties on the students' adjustment process in the U.S.A. The data…

  10. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  11. Türkçe Makalelerin Dergilere Da˜ ilimi ve Bradford Yasasi* Scatter of Turkish Articles to Journals and the Bradford Law

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yaar Tonta

    Bibliometric findings obtained through the analyses of articles published in journals are used to create scientific and technological road maps and to develop collection management policies in libraries. Yet such analytical studies reviewing the bibliometric characteristics of Turkish articles are scarce. This paper tests if the distribution of some 518,000 Turkish articles to journals conforms to the Bradford Law. Data

  12. An EnglishtoTurkish Interlingual MT System Dilek Zeynep Hakkani 1 , Gokhan Tur 1 , Kemal Oflazer 1 , Teruko Mitamura 2 ,

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    generation system with the KANT knowledge­based machine translation system to produce a prototype English known application of knowledge­based machine translation from English to Turkish, and our initial on Turkish natural language processing, with the KANT knowledge­based machine transla­ tion system, developed

  13. Perceived Quality of Teacher Education Programs in Turkey: Basic Issues and Their Application to Turkish Public Higher Education Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gok, Enes

    2013-01-01

    The Turkish education system has confronted radical changes over the last few years, as well as problems associated with it. In this context, the Turkish teacher education system attracts a lot of attention due to its role as the main teacher provider. Specifically, the quality of the teachers and the programs used to train them are being…

  14. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  15. Teachers' Views on Digital Educational Tools in English Language Learning: Benefits and Challenges in the Turkish Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çelik, Servet; Aytin, Kübra

    2014-01-01

    Despite the clear benefits provided by digital educational tools, Turkish teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) are often seen as failing to take advantage of computing technologies in the classroom. Deficiencies in terms of teachers' digital literacies are often faulted for this omission. The majority of studies concerning Turkish…

  16. Spelling English Words: Contributions of Phonological, Morphological and Orthographic Processing Skills of Turkish EFL Students in Grades 6-8

    E-print Network

    Unal, Melike

    2014-11-12

    spelling of Turkish 6th, 7th, and 8th grade pupils (N= 367). Measures tapping phonological, morphological, and orthographic skills in English (L2) and a background questionnaire were administered to Turkish 6th to 8th grade EFL children recruited...

  17. The Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale in Turkish Patients

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbiyik, Derya Iren; Sumbuloglu, Vildan; Guney, Zafer; Armutlu, Kadriye; Korkmaz, Nilufer; Keser, Ilke; Yuksel, Muazzez Merve; Karabudak, Rana

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study was to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQoL) in Turkish patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Demographic data of MS patients who had a registration in and followed up by a university hospital were recorded. The LMSQoL and Turkish Quality of Life…

  18. A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

  19. A cross-cultural investigation of the communication of suicidal intent in Swedish and Turkish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Eskin, Mehmet

    2003-02-01

    A recent study found that Swedish adolescents were more disapproving of a suicidal disclosure by a fictional friend than their Turkish counterparts. Given this finding, the present study investigated whether or not more adolescents in Turkey than in Sweden disclose their own suicidal thoughts to someone, to whom adolescents disclose their suicidal thoughts, what reactions such disclosures produce, and reasons for not disclosing suicidal feelings among 966 Swedish and 956 Turkish high school students. A questionnaire was used to collect information about different aspects of suicidal disclosures. More Turkish than Swedish adolescent suicide ideators disclosed their thoughts. More Turkish than Swedish students believed also that young people thinking about and planning suicide tell others of their plans and thereby ask for help. An overwhelming majority of adolescents in both groups revealed their thoughts to peers. The social reactions to suicidal disclosures in both samples were mainly positive. The two most common reasons for not disclosing in both groups involved interpersonal hopelessness. Adolescents who disclosed their past suicidal thoughts to someone reported having lower current suicidal ideation than those who had not. In line with favorable social attitudes towards suicidal disclosures and lower suicidal mortality rates in Turkey compared with Sweden, more Turkish than Swedish adolescents reported having disclosed their own suicidal thoughts to someone in their social milieu. PMID:12602997

  20. The prosthesis evaluation questionnaire: reliability and cross-validation of the Turkish version

    PubMed Central

    Safer, Vildan Binay; Yavuzer, Gunes; Demir, Sibel Ozbudak; Yanikoglu, Inci; Guneri, Fulya Demircioglu

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] Currently, there are a limited number of amputee-specific instruments for measuring prosthesis-related quality of life with good psychometric properties in Turkey. This study translated the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire to Turkish and analyzed as well as discussed its construct validity and internal consistency. [Subjects and Methods] The Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire was adapted for use in Turkish by forward/backward translation. The final Turkish version of this questionnaire was administered to 90 unilateral amputee patients. Second evaluation was possible in 83 participants within a median 28 day time period. [Results] Point estimates for the intraclass correlation coefficient ranged from 0.69 to 0.89 for all 9 Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire scales, indicating good correlation. Overall Cronbach’s alpha coefficients ranged from 0.64 to 0.92, except for the perceived response subscale of 0.39. The ambulation subscale was correlated with the physical functioning subscales of Short Form-36 (SF-36) (r=0.48). The social burden subscale score of the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire was correlated with social functioning subscales of SF-36 (r= 0.63). [Conclusion] The Turkish version of the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for implementation in the Turkish unilateral amputee population. PMID:26180296

  1. Dose rate reduction in the Pakistan Research Reactor1 by the utilization of high-density low enriched uranium fuel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rizwan Ahmed; Aslam; Nasir Ahmad

    2006-01-01

    The core conversion of Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) in 1992 from HEU to LEU core and also the power upgradation from 5MW to 10MW resulted in an increase in the dose rates at the pool surface and at the beam tubes' face. This simulation study was conducted with the aim to bring the dose rates to the same levels as

  2. More insight into the chemical composition of Greek propolis; differences and similarities with Turkish propolis.

    PubMed

    Celemli, Omür G; Hatjina, Fani; Charistos, Leonidas; Schiesser, Aygün; Ozkirim, Asli

    2013-01-01

    We aimed to determine the differences and similarities between Greek and Turkish propolis with respect to their chemical composition given that the two countries have many similarities in floral biodiversity. We observed that: a) Greek propolis is different from the European-type propolis, having a high terpene content; therefore we can definitely characterize it as a Mediterranean type; b) the Turkish propolis collected along the coast line of the Aegean Sea is similiar to the examined Greek propolis; c) the remaining Turkish samples, originating from the European part of Turkey, were found to be similiar to the European-type propolis, having a high flavonoid content. Finally, especially two compounds, beta-elemene and totarol, were found in Greek samples in quite high amounts that are thought to have important biological properties. PMID:24601080

  3. Identity and politicization among Turkish migrants in Germany: the role of dual identification.

    PubMed

    Simon, Bernd; Ruhs, Daniela

    2008-12-01

    The article examines the role of collective identification processes in the politicization of Turkish migrants in Germany. Building on the suggestion that politicized collective identity is a dual identity, the authors predicted and found that dual identification as both Turkish and German was positively related to politicization among members of the Turkish minority in Germany. This relationship was found in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses and held up even when the influence of sociodemographic variables, past political activity, and other forms of collective identification were statistically controlled, suggesting a unique and causal role of dual identification. However, there was no evidence that dual identification fosters radicalization or even political violence. The implications for social integration of politicization driven by dual identification are discussed, as is the interplay of dual identification and separatist identification that could underlie the shift from involvement in normative politics to radicalization. PMID:19025288

  4. Candi(e)d action: biosocialities of Turkish Berliners living with diabetes.

    PubMed

    Guell, Cornelia

    2011-09-01

    In this article, I explore Turkish migrants' responses to diabetes in Germany. Anthropological studies on health inequalities tend to theorize "social suffering" as passive experiences; those that analyze active social engagement by patient groups as "biosociality" do so solely in the realm of biotechnologies and suggest that social disadvantage prevent active engagement. This article draws on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Berlin from 2006 to 2007. Although Turkish Berliners seem burdened by diabetes, informal diabetes care, for example through a self-help group, is nonetheless collectively negotiated. Increasing incidence and awareness of diabetes in Berlin's Turkish population and their growing political organization and economic entrepreneurship, against the backdrop of experiences of marginality, gives rise to biosociality unanticipated in previous accounts. Addressing the limitations of previous uses of biosociality, this ethnography suggests that social interaction and belonging that formed around altered biologies, here diabetes, are complex and fragmented. PMID:22007563

  5. Production of Chromium Oxide from Turkish Chromite Concentrate Using Ethanol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aktas, S.; Eyuboglu, C.; Morcali, M. H.; Özbey, S.; Sucuoglu, Y.

    2015-05-01

    In this study, the possibility of chromium extraction from Turkish chromite concentrate and the production of chromium oxide were investigated. For the conversion of chromium(III) into chromium(VI), NaOH was employed, as well as air with a rate of 20 L/min. The effects of the base amount, fusing temperature, and fusing time on the chromium conversion percentage were investigated in detail. The conversion kinetics of chromium(III) to chromium(VI) was also undertaken. Following the steps of dissolving the sodium chromate in water and filtering, aluminum hydroxide was precipitated by adjusting the pH level of the solution. The chromium(VI) solution was subsequently converted to Cr(III) by the combination of sulfuric acid and ethanol. Interestingly, it was observed that ethanol precipitated chromium as chromium(VI) at mildly acidic pH levels, although this effect is more pronounced for K2Cr2O7 than Na2Cr2O7. On the other hand, in the strongly acidic regime, ethanol acted as a reducing agent role in that chromium(VI) was converted into Cr(III) whereas ethanol itself was oxidized to carbon dioxide and water. Subsequently, chromium hydroxide was obtained by the help of sodium hydroxide and converted to chromium oxide by heating at 800 °C, as indicated in thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA).

  6. Turkish Validation and Adaptation of Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ)

    PubMed Central

    Dursun, Onur Burak; Ogutlu, Hakan; Esin, Ibrahim Selcuk

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Chronotype refers to the time of the day that a person’s physical and cognitive functions are active. Simply this is a circadian phase preference of a person. While some of the people are morning active (so called larks) others are more active at nights (The owls). The study of circadian rhythms, known as chronobiology, is all about the metabolic and psychiatric differences between people who have different chronotypes. A few tests are used to determine chronotypes. The CCTQ (Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire) is a parent-report, 27-item mixed format questionnaire measuring chronotype of children in multiple domains : the midsleep point on free days (MSF), a morningness/eveningness scale(M/E) score, and a five-point chronotype (CT) score. The aim of this study is adapting Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ) into Turkish language and validating the instrument in Turkish population. Materials and Methods: 101 children aged nine through eighteen constitude the sample of the study. The sample was composed of clinical (n=51) and community groups (n=50). CCTQ and Morningness Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) questionnaires were applied to children and parents, then the CCTQ and MESC scores were compared to examine the validity of CCTQ. Results: The internal consistency and external validity of the Turkish CCTQ was sufficient to compare MESC-Turkish. As a result of this research carried out in accordance with methodological research principles, correlation between the M/E scores of CCTQ and MESC was significant. Conclusion: The Turkish version of CCTQ has been found to be valid and reliable in Turkish children. PMID:25745346

  7. Evaluation of Turkish seaweeds for antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activities.

    PubMed

    Süzgeç-Selçuk, Sevda; Meriçli, Ali H; Güven, Kas?m C; Kaiser, Marcel; Casey, Rosalyn; Hingley-Wilson, Suzie; Lalvani, Ajit; Tasdemir, Deniz

    2011-05-01

    As part of our continuing research on seaweeds, crude MeOH extracts of two green, three brown and six red algae collected from Marmara, Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas were screened. Four parasitic protozoa, i.e. Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T. cruzi, Leishmania donovani and the tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis were used as test organisms for the in vitro assays. The selective toxicity of the extracts was also determined against mammalian L6 cells. All seaweed extracts were active against T. brucei rhodesiense; the Dasya pedicellata extract was the most potent (IC(50) value 0.37?µg/mL). The same extract also weakly inhibited the growth of T. cruzi (IC(50) 62.02?µg/mL). All seaweed extracts also showed leishmanicidal activity (IC(50) values 16.76-69.98?µg/mL). The majority of the extracts also exhibited antiplasmodial potential and the most potent extracts were those from D. pedicellata (IC(50) 0.38?µg/mL), Codium bursa (IC(50) 1.38?µg/mL) and Caulerpa rasemosa (IC(50) 3.12?µg/mL). One brown and two red algal extracts showed some weak activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC values 125-256?µg/mL). Except for the extract of Dasya pedicellata, none of the extracts displayed any cytotoxicity. This is the second study investigating the antiprotozoal activities of Turkish marine algae and identifies Dasya pedicellata, an understudied algal species, as a candidate for further studies. PMID:21520472

  8. [Anthrax meningoencephalitis: a case report and review of Turkish literature].

    PubMed

    Metan, Gökhan; Uysal, Burcu; Co?kun, Ramazan; Perçin, Duygu; Do?anay, Mehmet

    2009-10-01

    The incidence of anthrax is decreasing in Turkey, however, it is still endemic in some regions of the country. Although central nervous system involvement is rare in cases with anthrax, high mortality rates are significant. Here, we report a 46-years old woman who was anthrax meningoencephalitis. The patient was from Yozgat located in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Her history revealed that following peeling the skin of sheeps and consuming their meat a week ago, a lesion developed in her left forearm and she had been treated with penicilin G with the diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax in a local health center. The patient was admitted to the emergency room of our hospital due to increased headache and loss of conciousness and diagnosed as anthrax meningitis. Crytallized penicilin G (24 MU/day IV) and vancomycin (2 g/day IV) were initiated. The macroscopy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample was haemorrhagic, white blood cell count was 40/mm3 (80% of neutrophil) and Gram staining of CSF yielded abundant gram-positive bacilli. The diagnosis was confirmed by the isolation of Bacillus anthracis from CSF culture. Although the isolate was susceptible to penicillin and dexamethasone was added to the treatment, the patient died. Review of the Turkish literature revealed seven cases of anthrax with central nervous system involvement between 1980-2008. One of the patients was an 11-years old boy and the others were adults aged between 19 and 64 years. The source of the infection was skin in four patients and inhalation in one patient. The most common findings in all of the patients were inhabitance in rural area, haemorrhagic CSF and loss of all patients despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. In conclusion, anthrax meningitis and meningoencephalitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of haemorrhagic meningitis in areas where anthrax is endemic and high rate of mortality despite appropriate therapy should always be kept in mind. PMID:20084923

  9. Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms among Turkish Immigrants in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Morawa, Eva; Erim, Yesim

    2014-01-01

    The present study explores the impact of acculturation on depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany, taking into account different dimensions of cultural orientation. A total of 471 patients from two selected samples (254 primary care patients and 217 outpatients of a psychosomatic department) participated. Levels of acculturation were measured as orientation towards culture of origin (CO), and orientation towards the host culture (HC). Acculturation strategies (integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization) were also assessed as well as their association with depressive symptoms (BDI). Furthermore, gender- and migration-related differences in terms of acculturation and levels of depressive symptomatology were analyzed. Integration was the acculturation strategy associated with the lowest level of depressive symptoms (M = 14.6, SD = 11.9), while marginalization was associated with the highest (M = 23.5, SD = 14.7). Gender was not found to have a significant impact on acculturation but influenced depressive symptoms, with women (M = 21.8, SD = 13.3) reporting higher levels of depressive symptomatology than men (M = 15.1, SD = 14.0; p < 0.001). In first generation immigrants, significantly higher CO (M = 46.6, SD = 8.3; p < 0.001), lower HC (M = 31.0, SD = 9.6; p < 0.001), and higher levels of depressive symptoms (M = 20.2, SD = 14.1; p < 0.001) were found in comparison to second generation immigrants (CO: M = 41.3, SD = 7.4; HC: M = 36.2, SD = 8.8; depressive symptoms: M = 14.0, SD = 12.9). Our results suggest that orientation towards both the heritage and the host culture has a positive effect on the mental health status of immigrants. Future research needs to include representative samples of migrants from different cultures to further explore the association between acculturation and mental health. PMID:25222474

  10. Psychological consequences of cyber bullying experiences among Turkish secondary school children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özgür Erdur Baker; ?brahim Tanr?kulu

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the relations of cyber bullying experiences of Turkish secondary school children (as a victim and bully) to demographic variables (age and gender) and depressive symptoms. The participants were 165 secondary school students (94 females and 71 males) whose ages ranged from 10 to 14. According to the results, there is a significant interaction effect between

  11. In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ?lhan Gürbüz; Osman Üstün; Erdem Ye?ilada; Ekrem Sezik; Nalan Akyürek

    2002-01-01

    Through evaluation of the data accumulated in Data Bank of Turkish Folk Remedies (TÜH?B), five plant remedies, which are used to treat stomach ache were selected to test for their anti-ulcerogenic potency. In order to confirm the claimed activities, either decoction or methanol extracts were prepared from the roots of Asphodelus aestivus and Cichorium intybus, herbs of Equisetum palustre and

  12. Radiometric analysis of raw materials and end products in the Turkish ceramics industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ?. Turhan; ?. H. Ar?kan; H. Demirel; N. Güngör

    2011-01-01

    This study presents the findings of radiometric analysis carried out to determine the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides in raw materials (clay, kaolin, quartz, feldspar, dolomite, alumina, bauxite, zirconium minerals, red mud and frit) and end products (glazed ceramic wall and floor tiles) in the Turkish ceramics industry. Hundred forty-six samples were obtained from various manufacturers and suppliers throughout the

  13. Attributions for Problem Behavior as Described by Turkish Teachers of Special Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erbas, Dilek; Turan, Yasemin; Aslan, Yesim Gulec; Dunlap, Glen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this survey study was to determine Turkish teachers' attributions of problem behaviors. The participants' (special education teachers) attributions of problem behaviors varied with some teachers showing agreement with a behavioral perspective while others attributed the occurrence of problem behaviors to other factors (e.g., poor…

  14. An Investigation of Age and Gender Differences in Physical Self-Concept among Turkish Late Adolescents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asci, F. Hulya

    2002-01-01

    Evaluates age and gender differences in physical self-concept of Turkish university students. The Physical Self-Perception Profile was administered to participants for assessing physical self-concept. Multivariate analysis of variance revealed a significant main effect for gender, but no significant main effect for year in school. Univariate…

  15. Familiarity Overrides Complexity in Rhythm Perception: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of American and Turkish Listeners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hannon, Erin E.; Soley, Gaye; Ullal, Sangeeta

    2012-01-01

    Despite the ubiquity of dancing and synchronized movement to music, relatively few studies have examined cognitive representations of musical rhythm and meter among listeners from contrasting cultures. We aimed to disentangle the contributions of culture-general and culture-specific influences by examining American and Turkish listeners' detection…

  16. The Immediate Impacts of Preschool Attendance on Turkish Children's Mathematics Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aslan, Durmus; Aktas Arnas, Yasare

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the immediate impacts of preschool attendance on Turkish children's mathematics achievement. The participants were 200 children who attended or did not attend preschool. The number and operation task and the geometric shapes sorting task were used as the data collection tools. The children who attended…

  17. Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yaman, Havva

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

  18. The Role of Pragmatics in Reflexive Interpretation by Turkish Learners of English.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demirci, Mahide

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the effects of pragmatic principles on the acquisition of the binding of English reflexives by adult Turkish second language (L2) learners. Compares pragmatically-biased and pragmatically-neutral sentences to determine whether pragmatic bias towards a non-local antecedent overrides the parameter setting of English and causes learners…

  19. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  20. The Associations among Perceived Pubertal Timing, Parental Relations and Self-Perception in Turkish Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gure, Aysen; Ucanok, Zehra; Sayil, Melike

    2006-01-01

    This study is primarily aimed at investigating how pubertal timing is perceived in urban Turkish adolescents in terms of their feelings about maturation, their relationships with their parents, and their self-perception. A total of 697 high-school students (360 girls, 337 boys) between the ages of 14 and 18 (M = 16.15, SD = 1.08) were included in…

  1. Transfer of Conceptualization Patterns in Bilinguals: The Construal of Motion Events in Turkish and German

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daller, Michael H.; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine; Furman, Reyhan

    2011-01-01

    In the present article we provide evidence for the occurrence of transfer of conceptualization patterns in narratives of two German-Turkish bilingual groups. All bilingual participants grew up in Germany, but only one group is still resident in Germany (n = 49). The other, the returnees, moved back to Turkey after having lived in Germany for…

  2. How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sengoren, S. K.

    2010-01-01

    This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

  3. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

  4. The Effect of Reading Strategies on Reading Comprehension in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolukbas, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine which reading strategies students use while learning Turkish as a foreign language and investigate the effects of these strategies on reading comprehension skill. Conducted in compliance with "pretest-posttest control group model" as the experimental design, this research involved totally 36…

  5. Primary School Teachers' Views about the New Turkish Primary School Mathematics Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birgin, Osman; Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the primary school teachers' views related to the new Turkish primary school mathematics curriculum which was put into practice in the 2005-2006 academic years. A questionnaire developed by the researchers, consists of open ended and closed items, was applied to 60 primary school teachers selected randomly…

  6. Investigation on the Determinants of Turkish Export-Boom in 2000s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmet Faruk Aysan; Yavuz Selim Hacihasanoglu

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates the causes of Turkish export-boom after 2000 in the manufacturing sector. We mainly concentrate on cost and productivity aspects of the production in the manufacturing sector. Effects of productivity, wage and exchange rate are analyzed in the framework of the augmented unit labor cost model. Following the Edwards and Golub (2004) paper we use the dynamic panel

  7. Being Muslim and American: Turkish-American Children Negotiating Their Religious Identities in School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik-Ercan, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    Religious diversity in schools is a growing interest among educational researchers. This qualitative case study examines how 15 Turkish-Muslim children in elementary and middle school negotiated their religious identities as they responded to various experiences in American schools and in their communities. Unlike some earlier studies that…

  8. Visiting Shrines: A Turkish Religious Practice and Its Mental Health Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Ciftci, Ayse; Bulgan, Gokce

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore through qualitative methodology the practice of visiting shrines, a religious practice indigenous to Turkish Muslims, and its potential mental health benefits. Thirteen individuals were interviewed at two shrines in Istanbul, Turkey. The researchers focused on visitors' presenting issues, beliefs…

  9. Views of Students about Visuals Used in Turkish Language Course and Workbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aytan, Talat

    2013-01-01

    Turkish course books and workbooks delivered to the second grade primary students are the most important course materials. The visual factors in these materials help the students know and understand the elements such as main theme, plot, scene, setting, characters and existence in a text. They help students develop their thoughts about the texts…

  10. Individual Differences in the Mental Rotation Skills of Turkish Prospective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turgut, Melih

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of gender, academic performance and preschool education on mental rotation skills among Turkish prospective teachers. A total of 525 undergraduate students (364 female) from a government university located in western Turkey completed the Mental Rotation Test (MRT). A three-way [2 (gender) × 5 (academic…

  11. THE CONSEQUENCES OF INTERNET CAFÉ USE ON TURKISH COLLEGE STUDENTS' SOCIAL CAPITAL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mustafa KOÇ; Karen Ann FERNEDING

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet café use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet café usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafés. Social capital, on the other hand, was characterized by feelings

  12. Attitudes of Turkish Parents, Pediatric Residents, and Medical Students toward Child Disciplinary Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orhon, Filiz Simsek; Ulukol, Betul; Bingoler, Bahar; Gulnar, Sevgi Baskan

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The aims of the study were to: determine the attitudes of parents, pediatric residents, and medical students from a Turkish population toward childhood disciplinary methods; ascertain the association of participants' abusive childhood history with their attitudes toward discipline; and assess their attitudes about disciplinary actions,…

  13. Early Understanding of Normativity and Freedom to Act in Turkish Toddlers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunçgenç, Bahar; Hohenberger, Annette; Rakoczy, Hannes

    2015-01-01

    Two studies investigated young 2- and 3-year-old Turkish children's developing understanding of normativity and freedom to act in games. As expected, children, especially 3-year-olds, protested more when there was a norm violation than when there was none. Surprisingly, however, no decrease in normative protest was observed even when the…

  14. TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' TECHNOLOGY USE PROFILES AND THEIR THOUGHTS ABOUT DISTANCE EDUCATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bahar BARAN; Aysegul BAKAR ÇÖREZ

    This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students, 2) students' Internet and computer-use opportunities, 3)

  15. A Closer Look at Being a Woman in Turkish Academia: A Descriptive Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birlik, Nurten; Arikan, Arda

    2009-01-01

    In this descriptive study, women's professional lives with a focus on what it means to be a woman in Turkish academia and on whether being a woman differs from being a man in an academic context was put under scrutiny. For this purpose, a questionnaire was conducted among 41 women academics currently working at the Faculties of Education in…

  16. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students' Anxiety in Oral Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Subasi, Gonca

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student's fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department…

  17. The Effects of Culture on Psychological Mobility: Comparative Analyses of Turkish and Canadian Academicians

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogmus, Nihat; Aytekin, Ihsan

    2012-01-01

    The present study comparatively examines the effects of culture on psychological mobility of academicians in Turkey and Canada. Questionnaires were completed by 382 respondents, of them 277 Turkish and 105 Canadian. Data were collected using INDCOL for measuring the four cultural dimensions. Psychological mobility that consisted of boundaryless…

  18. Turkish High School Student's Perceptions of Learning Environment in Biology Classrooms and Their Attitudes toward Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cakiroglu, Jale; Telli, Sibel; Cakiroglu, Erdinc

    The purpose of this study was to examine Turkish high school students' perceptions of learning environment in biology classrooms and to investigate relationships between learning environment and students' attitudes toward biology. Secondly, the study aimed to investigate the differences in students' perceptions of learning environments in biology…

  19. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Efficacy Beliefs Regarding Science Teaching and Their Beliefs about Classroom Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gencer, Ayse Savran; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' science teaching efficacy and classroom management beliefs. Data in this study were collected from a total number of 584 preservice science teachers utilizing the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument and the attitudes and beliefs on classroom control (ABCC)…

  20. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Unal Ayranci; Nazan Son; Osman Son

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students.

  1. A MT System from Turkmen to Turkish Employing Finite State and Statistical Methods

    E-print Network

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    of direct translation method. However, the complex inflectional and derivational morphology of the Turkic that this approach is valid for most of the Turkic languages and the architecture implemented using FSTs can. In this paper, we present a MT system from Turkmen language to Turkish. Both SL and TL are cognate Turkic

  2. Psychometric Evaluation of the Turkish Version of the Defensive Pessimism Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Çelik-Örücü, Müge

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: Much theoretical interest and attention has been given to the cognitive strategies that individuals use in achievement related domains. Defensive-pessimism is a functional strategy in a demanding academic setting for those who easily become anxious. However, this is a new concept for Turkish researchers and there is currently no…

  3. Religiosity and the construction of death in Turkish death announcements, 1970-2009.

    PubMed

    Ergin, Murat

    2012-03-01

    Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and cultural distinction. Death announcements in Turkey occupy a liminal position between obituaries and death notices: Unlike obituaries, no editorial decisions are involved in their publications. However, unlike death notices, Turkish announcements are venues for expressions of culturally scripted individual decisions. These large and decentralized collections of private decisions display rigid genre characteristics involving formulaic phrases but also change over time to reflect social, cultural, and economic changes in Turkish society. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2,812) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2009. Results show that death announcements in Turkey increasingly rely on an emotional tone of loss and bereavement that replace constructions of death in a more detached and distant language and that religious and secular preferences in the language of announcements are an important domain in which cultural battles are fought and the participation patterns of new middle classes are negotiated. PMID:24567982

  4. School-Based Supervision at a Private Turkish School: A Mode for Improving Teacher Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Ayse Bas

    2002-01-01

    Examines school-based teacher supervision and evaluation in a Turkish private secondary school with an enrollment of 1,800 students in grades 5 to 12. Develops a two-phase (formative and summative) teacher supervision and evaluation model called Achievement Based Continuous Assessment. (Contains 32 references.) (PKP)

  5. Performance appraisal system in the Turkish National Police: the case of Ankara Police Department

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serdar Kenan Gul; Osman Dolu; Cemil Dogutas

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the performance appraisal system and particularly the problem of the ‘secret appraisal system’ in the Turkish National Police. Using a survey conducted at the Ankara Police Department in 2001, this study explores the raters’ and the ratees’ opinions about the existing performance appraisal system. Multivariate regression analyses show that district captains and lieutenants, in contrast to non?ranking

  6. Türkçe Metin Damgalama: Sözdizimsel bir Model Watermarking in Turkish: A Syntax Based Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hasan M. Meral; Emre Sevinç; Ersin Ünkar; Bülent Sankur; A. Sumru Özsoy; Tunga Güngör

    The aim of this study is to develop a natural language watermarking algorithm based on morphosyntactic manipulations of a text. This watermarking modality was chosen based on the observation that the Turkish syntax allows for a more stable and rich repertoire of tools. The watermarking algorithm utilizes linguistic tools such as dependency parser, tree converter, Wordnet and a lexicon. It

  7. Bir Türkçe konu?ma tanima sisteminin anatomisi The anatomy of a Turkish speech recognition system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cem Aksoylar

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a Turkish speech recognition system we have developed. We will be giving information about the building of our system and tests we conducted on it. SUVoice voice database, along with METU 1.0, was used in the training of our acoustic models. We performed limited vocabulary and large vocabulary recognition tests. We have shown the performance

  8. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions about Scientist and What Factors Affecting the Image of the Scientists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turkmen, Hakan

    2008-01-01

    Students' views of science and scientists have been widely studied. The purpose of this study is to analyze image of scientist from drawn picture of scientists using The Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) by 5th grade students and to analyze where this image comes from students minds in changing Turkish educational perspective. Two hundred eighty seven…

  9. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  10. An Assessment of Turkish Young Pupils' Environmental Literacy: A Nationwide Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogan, Mehmet; Ok, Ahmet

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this nationwide survey was to assess young Turkish pupils' environmental literacy (EL) level by considering six EL components. The sample of the study comprised of 2,412 fifth graders selected from 78 elementary schools (26 private and 52 public) in 26 provinces of Turkey. Data were obtained through the use of an elementary school…

  11. History of Science and Medicine in Turkish History Secondary School Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabag, S. Gulin

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, it is aimed to analyze the acquirements and topics in Turkish secondary school history textbooks that are published by the Ministry of National Education (MEB) and by the private sector to determine to what extend the place given to history of science and history of medicine. In the study, the document and content analysis…

  12. The Meaning of Fatherhood as Perceived by Turkish Police Fathers and Their Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozgun, Ozkan; Ciftci, Munire Aydilek; Erden, Sule

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide insight and understanding of Turkish police fathers' and their young children's conceptualizations of fatherhood. Data for the present study came from 21 police fathers and their 4-to-6 year old children. We asked the participant fathers to respond to a broad question of "What kind of father…

  13. Rumen ciliated protozoa of the Turkish domestic goats (Capra hir cus L.)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    BAYRAM GÖÇMEN; SAMIYE RASTGELDI; ADEM KARAO LU; HAKAN A KAN

    Rumen contents obtained from eight adult domesticated goats ( Capra hircus L.) at slaughterhouses in the southeastern area of Turkey were surveyed for ciliate protozoa. As a result of our survey, 12 genera including 39 species were identified. Fifteen of the species were further divided into 35 formae. The average ciliate density in the rumen contents of Turkish goats (33.21x10

  14. Brand Loyalty ?n The Cosmetics Industry: A Field Study On Turkish Women\\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elif Akagün Ergin

    2005-01-01

    Cosmetics industry has a share of 135 billion dollars in the global market. The biggest multinational cosmetics companies in the world such as Avon, Procter and Gamble, Estee Lauder, Nivea, L'oreal are very much interested in the Turkish market. Turkey is a developing country in terms of cosmetics consumption and has a great potential with a population of 70 million.

  15. Antibacterial activities of Turkish pollen and propolis extracts against plant bacterial pathogens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esin Basim; Hüseyin Basim; Musa Özcan

    2006-01-01

    The “in vitro” antibacterial activities of Turkish pollen and propolis extracts were investigated against 13 different species of agricultural bacterial pathogens including Agrobacterium tumefaciens, A. vitis, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Erwinia amylovora, E. carotovora pv. carotovora, Pseudomonas corrugata, P. savastanoi pv. savastanoi, P. syringae pv. phaseolicola, P. syringae pv. syringae, P. syringae pv. tomato, Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris

  16. Differences in the Reading of Shallow and Deep Orthography: Developmental Evidence from Hebrew and Turkish Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Guldenoglu, Birkan

    2014-01-01

    The present study investigates differences in the word-reading process between individuals reading in a deep (unpointed Hebrew) and a shallow orthography (Turkish). The participants were 120 students evenly and randomly recruited from three levels of education (primary = 3rd-4th graders; middle = 6th-7th graders; high = 9th-10th graders). The…

  17. HFE H63D mutation frequency shows an increase in Turkish women with breast cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aysen Gunel-Ozcan; Sibel Aly?lmaz-Bekmez; Emine Nilufer Guler; Dicle Guc

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The hereditary hemochromatosis gene HFE plays a pivotal role in iron homeostasis. The association between cancer and HFE hetero- or homozygosity has previously been shown including hepatocellular and nonhepatocellular malignancies. This study was performed to compare frequencies of HFE C282Y and H63D variants in Turkish women with breast cancer and healthy controls. METHODS: Archived DNA samples of Hacettepe University

  18. Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

  19. Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkholder, Jessica Reno

    2014-01-01

    A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

  20. Turkish Pre-Service Social Studies Teachers' Perceptions of "Good" Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yesilbursa, Cemil Cahit

    2015-01-01

    The current study explores Turkish pre-service social studies teachers' perceptions of "good" citizenship. The participants were 580 pre-service social studies teachers from 6 different universities in Turkey. The data were collected through an interview form having one open-ended question and analyzed according to open coding procedure.…

  1. A Comparative Study of the Importance of Hotel Selection Components by Turkish Business Travelers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cihan Cobanoglu; Kadir Corbaci; Patrick J. Moreo; Yuksel Ekinci

    2003-01-01

    The study surveyed 612 Turkish business travelers to determine the importance they placed on hotel selection attributes. Twelve major factors emerged including service, price and value, security, extra amenities, technology, room comfort, food and beverage, complimentary goods, parking, location, health sensitivity, and single sensitivity. Further analysis suggested that there are significant differences between male and female business travelers in five

  2. Turkish high school students' biology achievement in relation to academic self-regulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Necmettin Yumusak; Semra Sungur; Jale Cakiroglu

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991) and a Biology Achievement Test developed by the researchers. Results

  3. Active tectonics of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau Alex Copley1

    E-print Network

    and Caspian seas. A NNW-SSE band of previously unrecognized oblique normal faults is present on the Turkey in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea was severed by uplift in the area which is now the Turkish-Iranian Plateau [e

  4. Acupuncture points in the book of ?erefeddin Sabuncuo?lu, a 15th century Turkish physician.

    PubMed

    Acar, H Volkan

    2015-02-01

    ?erefeddin Sabuncuo?lu (1385-1468?), the author of Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye (Imperial Surgery), was a distinguished Ottoman Turkish surgeon. The first illustrated Turkish surgical textbook, Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye consisted of three chapters (ie, cauterisation treatments, surgical procedures and fractures and dislocations). Although the main source of the book was Al-Tasrif (Textbook of Surgery) by Albucasis (Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi; 936-1013 AD), Sabuncuo?lu added much new information, his clinical experiences and suggestions. The original illustrations and human figures made Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye the first illustrated medical textbook in Turkish and Islamic medicine literature. Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye was also a valuable source for acupuncturists. Some new sections and additions revealed that Sabuncuo?lu had knowledge of Chinese medicine. In four sections of Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye (ie, toothache, haemorrhoids, eczema and dermatophytosis) Sabuncuo?lu described acupuncture techniques and point locations. It is likely that the Chinese medicine content of Cerrahiyetü'l-Haniyye was derived from Central Asian roots of Anatolian Turkish people. PMID:25380833

  5. Panel reactive antibody positivity and associated HLA antibodies in Turkish renal transplant candidates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatma Nurhan Ozdemir; Siren Sezer; Ali Akcay; Zubeyde Arat; Munire Turan; Sale Gulmus; Eyup Kulah; Mehmet Haberal

    2004-01-01

    Pre- and post-renal transplantation panel reactive antibody (PRA) screening is associated with increased incidence of hyperacute or acute graft rejection and graft loss. This study was designed to find any relationship PRA sensitization and associated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-specific antibodies in Turkish renal transplant candidates. We included 340 patients who were in the renal transplantation waiting list in the study.

  6. Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yagmur, Kutlay

    2009-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

  7. Gestures in Prelinguistic Turkish Children with Autism, Down Syndrome, and Typically Developing Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toret, Gokhan; Acarlar, Funda

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine gesture use in Turkish children with autism, Down syndrome, and typically developing children. Participants included 30 children in three groups: Ten children with Down syndrome, ten children with autism between 24-60 months of age, and ten typically developing children between 12-18 months of age.…

  8. Predicting Teacher Job Satisfaction Based on Principals' Instructional Supervision Behaviours: A Study of Turkish Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ilgan, Abdurrahman; Parylo, Oksana; Sungu, Hilmi

    2015-01-01

    This quantitative research examined instructional supervision behaviours of school principals as a predictor of teacher job satisfaction through the analysis of Turkish teachers' perceptions of principals' instructional supervision behaviours. There was a statistically significant difference found between the teachers' job satisfaction level and…

  9. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

  10. The effects of electronic access to scientific literature in the consortium of Turkish university libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melih Kirlidog; Didar Bayir

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The paper seeks to provide some insight into the sharp increase in scientific publications originating from Turkish academic and research institutions in the last few years. The underlying reasons – widespread access to literature through electronic databases being the most important – are also investigated. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Although it is difficult to gauge national scientific productivity, the number

  11. Antihypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activity assessment of some plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gulcan Avc?; Esra Kupeli; Abdullah Eryavuz; Erdem Yesilada; Ismail Kucukkurt

    2006-01-01

    Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from five plant species used in Turkish traditional medicine were evaluated for in vivo hypercholesterolaemic and antioxidant activities: Agrostemma githago L., Potentilla reptans L., Thymbra spicata var. spicata L., Urtica dioica L. and Viscum album var. album L. We assayed the effects of the administration of plant extracts on serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-C, LDL-C, glucose,

  12. Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

  13. Consumer Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Turkish and American Consumers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas; Ziad Swaidan; Mine Oyman

    2005-01-01

    The ethical climate in Turkey is beset by ethical problems. Bribery, environmental pollution, tax frauds, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products, and the ethical violations that involved politicians and business professionals are just a few examples. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the ethical beliefs of American and Turkish consumers using the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ)

  14. A Study of Needs Analysis at Turkish Gendarmerie in Terms of English for Specific Purposes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solak, Ekrem

    2012-01-01

    Problem Statement: English learning and teaching activities are crucial for Turkish Gendarmerie personnel serving both at home and in various regions of the world. However, there is no sound basis determining the language needs of the gendarmerie organization and personnel to lead them to accomplishment in joint missions. Purpose of Study: This…

  15. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  16. Measuring Technology Acceptance Level of Turkish Pre-Service English Teachers by Using Technology Acceptance Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirmizi, Özkan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate technology acceptance of prospective English teachers by using Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) in Turkish context. The study is based on Structural Equation Model (SEM). The participants of the study from English Language Teaching Departments of Hacettepe, Gazi and Baskent Universities. The participants…

  17. Reflections of Single Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a Midwestern University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burkholder, Jessica Reno

    2010-01-01

    The research was guided by the research question: How do full-time single Turkish international graduate students conceptualize their experiences as international students? Participants in the study included three doctoral students and three master's students who participated in a series of semi-structured interviews. The data was transcribed and…

  18. A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.…

  19. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

  20. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  1. Turkish Primary School Teachers' Perceptions of School Culture Regarding ICT Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tezci, Erdogan

    2011-01-01

    The current study aimed at identifying Turkish primary school teachers' perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration in education. In addition, the current study was designed to investigate factors that might influence their perceptions. The participants were 1540 primary school teachers. The findings revealed that the teachers'…

  2. Internet-Assisted Technologies for English Language Teaching in Turkish Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL…

  3. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  4. Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti- Helicobacter pylori activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Ye?ilada; ?lhan Gürbüz; Hirofumi Shibata

    1999-01-01

    The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs

  5. Third Spaces: Turkish Immigrants and Their Children at the Intersection of Identity, Schooling, and Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik-Ercan, Zeynep

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative case study utilized hybridity theory, particularly the notion of third spaces, to investigate the ways Turkish immigrants (18 parents and 15 children) negotiate culture, identity, and schooling in the midwestern United States. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, observations, and artifacts, and analyzed using…

  6. Turkish Language Teachers' Stance Taking Movements in the Discourse on Globalization and Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coskun, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates how Turkish teachers take and give stances in the discourse on globalization and language by using linguistic resources. According to the findings obtained through the discourse analysis of the corpus that consisted of 36 h of recording of the discussion among 4 teachers with 5 to 10 years of teaching experience, the…

  7. Globalization and Its Challenges for Developing Countries: The Case of Turkish Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akar, Hanife

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each…

  8. Is the Turkish tourism industry ready for a disabled customer's market?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuksel Ozturk; Ali Yayli; Mehmet Yesiltas

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of the Turkish tourism industry to meet the needs of disabled people by surveying the views of hotel and travel agency managers in Turkey. To achieve the aim of the study, a questionnaire-type survey was conducted; a total of 252 hotels and 168 travel agencies took part. These questionnaires were

  9. The Manager's Role in Enhancing the Transfer of Training: A Turkish Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumuseli, Ali Ilker; Ergin, Banu

    2002-01-01

    Of 20 Turkish sales representatives, 8 received support and guidance for transfer of training. Compared with 12 controls, these 8 showed continuous work behavior change; the control group's changes slowed over time. Experimentals had greater but not significantly increased efficiency, effectiveness, and job satisfaction. Other factors, such as an…

  10. Spirometric studies on normal Turkish subjects aged 8 to 20 years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Necati Akgün; Hamit Özgönül

    1969-01-01

    Total lung capacity and its subdivisions, maximal breathing capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second expressed as a percentage of the forced vital capacity, were measured in 130 male and 130 female normal Turkish subjects 8 to 20 years old to establish normal values. The subjects were from different socio-economic communities. Statistical analysis was performed to determine the relationship

  11. European Language Portfolio in Turkish High Schools: Attitudes of EFL Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Göksu, Ali

    2015-01-01

    European Language Portfolio (ELP), adopting a vision for a better language teaching and learning process, has been piloted and implemented in many Turkish foreign language classrooms for over a decade. In spite of the several studies related to the ELP focusing on learner autonomy, speaking skills and course books, only few studies aimed at…

  12. Evaluation of the New Turkish Education System by Social Studies Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demir, Selcuk Besir

    2013-01-01

    It is proposed that the education system should be evaluated by relying on views of branch teachers about changes in the Turkish Education System by discussing these effects from a scientific background. In this research, a qualitative approach was adopted so that the issue can be examined thoroughly. In this research, the phenomenological pattern…

  13. Quality of the Tasks in the New Turkish Elementary Mathematics Textbooks: The Case of Proportional Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayazit, Ibrahim

    2013-01-01

    This study examines new Turkish elementary school mathematics textbooks to provide perspectives on the quality of the tasks related to the proportion concept and the ways they are presented. Tasks were analysed for several dimensions with a particular focus on their level of cognitive demands (LCD). Tasks were distinguished in two groups in terms…

  14. A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

    2010-01-01

    This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

  15. Parenting Practices and Pre-Schoolers' Cognitive Skills in Turkish Immigrant and German Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leyendeckera, Birgit; Jakel, Julia; Kademoglu, Sinem Olcay; Yagmurlu, Bilge

    2011-01-01

    The present study aims to investigate the association between parenting behaviours, children's daily activities and their cognitive development. Participants were 52 Turkish-German and 65 German pre-school children and their mothers, who were matched in terms of education level (10-12 years of schooling). Children's cognitive skills were assessed…

  16. Reliability and Construct Validity of Turkish Version of Physical Education Activities Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Memis, Ugur Altay

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted to examine the reliability and construct validity of Turkish version of physical education activities scale (PEAS) which was developed by Thomason (2008). Participants in this study included 313 secondary and high school students from 7th to 11th grades. To analyse the data, confirmatory factor analysis, post hoc…

  17. Oil prices and current account: A structural analysis for the Turkish economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ümit Özlale; Didem Pekkurnaz

    2010-01-01

    Although there has been an increasing number of studies about the effects of oil prices on the macroeconomic performances, the literature on the interaction between oil prices and current account is limited, especially for oil importing developing countries. This paper analyzes the impact of oil prices on the current account balances for the Turkish economy using a structural vector autoregression

  18. Turkish High School Students' Biology Achievement in Relation to Academic Self-Regulation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yumusak, Necmettin; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith,…

  19. Turkish Mothers' Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Styles of Interactions with Their Children with Language Delays

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diken, Ibrahim H.

    2009-01-01

    Turkish mothers' self-efficacy beliefs and their interactional behaviors with their children with language delays are described and explored. Participants included 19 mother-child dyads. Mothers' interaction with their children with language delays was videotaped for 30 minutes in a free-play context. Regarding mothers' interactional behaviors,…

  20. Catalytic hydrogenation of Turkish lignites to oxygen free oil and gas

    SciTech Connect

    Yorulmaz, V.; Weiss, A.H.

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to convert low heating value Turkish lignites (Elbistan and Beypaza) to high quality liquid and gaseous products and to investigate the kinetics and mechanisms of the reactions with the optimum conditions of petroleum type oil production. 8 refs.

  1. Opinions of Instructors about Reading Skills of Syrian Students Learning Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gün, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    The outbreak of domestic turmoil in Syria in 2011 forced Syrian people to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries, one of which was Turkey. This situation brought many problems, the primary of which was language. In this sense, teaching Turkish to Syrian students became a necessity. Therefore, conducting research on language skills was seriously…

  2. How Applicable Are "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" for Use with Turkish Children?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapci, Emine Gul; Kucuker, Sevgi; Uslu, Runa I.

    2010-01-01

    The majority of eligible children cannot access early intervention services in Turkey, often because they are not assessed. The authors adapted the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" (ASQ) for Turkish children ages 3 to 72 months. Study participants consisted of 375 children who were classified as at risk for developmental delays, 564 children…

  3. The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

  4. Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

    2010-01-01

    The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate that…

  5. A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

    2009-01-01

    Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

  6. Turkish Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Picture Books Reflecting LGBT-Related Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dedeoglu, Hakan; Ulusoy, Mustafa; Lamme, Linda L.

    2012-01-01

    This research study focuses on Turkish preservice teachers' perceptions of children's picture books containing lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues to lend support to encouraging diversity in teacher education programs and elementary school classrooms. The authors proposed that reading, listening, and responding to diverse children's…

  7. Turkish University Students' Technology Use Profiles and Their Thoughts about Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baran, Bahar; Kilic, Eylem; Bakar Corez, Aysegul; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2010-01-01

    This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students,…

  8. The Weight of Islam in the Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans Sylvie Gangloff

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Weight of Islam in the Turkish Foreign Policy in the Balkans Sylvie Gangloff Head, by the Balkan people themselves, as an area of confrontation between Islam and Christianity. Could in the Balkans. Turkey could therefore see in Islam a tool for easing its penetration into this area. But

  9. Turkish University Students' Hopes and Fears about Travel to the West

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Lorraine; Aktas, Gurhan

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to explore the perceptions and attitudes of Turkish university students about to embark on a European exchange trip. This qualitative study sheds light on their hopes and fears about travelling to and living for a period of three months in a western country. The article shows how participants shared common aspirations…

  10. A Study on Sixth-Grade Turkish Students' Spatial Visualization Ability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurtulus, Aytac; Yolcu, Belma

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate sixth-grade Turkish students' spatial visualization ability and to determine the strategies that students employ and the mistakes that they make while solving the problems requiring spatial reasoning. Therefore, the study examined the following achievements: visualizing different view images of…

  11. Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ergin, Murat

    2012-01-01

    Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and…

  12. Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

    2006-01-01

    The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

  13. Isomorphic and Diverse Features of Turkish Private Higher Education. PROPHE Working Paper Series. WP No. 18

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mizikaci, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    This study examines isomorphic and diversifying changes in Turkish private higher education institutions. Within and across the institutions isomorphic changes are common while diverse patterns appear among institutions with semi-elite characteristics. Within the limits of the national centralized system the semi-elite universities emerged as…

  14. Education Policies of Turkish Political Parties and Their Possible Effects on Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nartgun, Senay S.; Eren, Altay

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the educational policies of Turkish political parties and their possible effects on economic development. Document analysis method was used to investigate the principles of education policies under various party programs--namely, the Great Union Party, the Independent Turkey Party, the Justice and Development Party, the…

  15. Non-Linguistic Challenges for Turkish Students in American Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gertzog, Rachel

    2011-01-01

    International students who mainstream into American colleges and universities face complex and varied linguistic, cultural and sociolinguistic challenges. Although the number of Turkish students enrolling in American institutions continues to increase, little research has focused on their academic experience from the perspective of the cultural…

  16. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul; Sadler, Troy D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific…

  17. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  18. Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabacak, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

  19. A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

  20. The Role of Turkish Lessons and Reflective Practice in Teaching SLA as Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Amy S.; Erdil-­Moody, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated whether foreign language lessons coupled with engaging learners in reflective practice facilitates a deeper understanding of second language acquisition (SLA) course content. During this semester-­long SLA course, 14 graduate students were taught eight Turkish lessons for 25 minutes at the beginning of each class. As a…

  1. The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gocer, Ali

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

  2. Evaluating the Turkish Version of the Discipline Efficacy Scale (DES): Translation Adequacy and Factor Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adapt the discipline efficacy scale to Turkish language, and conduct the validity and reliability analysis of the adapted scale. The scale was applied to 157 teacher candidates. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to reveal the construct validity of the scale. The results of the exploratory…

  3. Development of a Scale for Evaluating the Pedagogical Formation Program Implemented with Turkish Prospective Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adiguzel, Oktay Cem

    2015-01-01

    The current study aims to develop a scale to evaluate the Pedagogical Formation Program implemented at a Turkish state university. Participants were 221 prospective teachers enrolled in the Pedagogical Formation Program in the 2010-2011 academic year. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on the scale items which revealed four factors…

  4. Use of cross-border healthcare services among ethnic Danes, Turkish immigrants and Turkish descendants in Denmark: a combined survey and registry study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Healthcare obtained abroad may conflict with care received in the country of residence. A special concern for immigrants has been raised as they may have stronger links to healthcare services abroad. Our objective was to investigate use of healthcare in a foreign country in Turkish immigrants, their descendants, and ethnic Danes. Methods The study was based on a nationwide survey in 2007 with 372 Turkish immigrants, 496 descendants, and 1,131 ethnic Danes aged 18–66. Data were linked to registry data on socioeconomic factors. Using logistic regression models, use of doctor, specialist doctor, hospital, dentist in a foreign country as well as medicine from abroad were estimated. Analyses were adjusted for socioeconomic factors and health symptoms. Results Overall, 26.6% among Turkish immigrants made use of cross-border healthcare, followed by 19.4% among their descendants to 6.7% among ethnic Danes. Using logistic regression models with ethnic Danes as the reference group, Turkish immigrants were seen to have made increased use of general practitioners, specialist doctors, hospitals, and dentists in a foreign country (odds ratio (OR), 5.20-6.74), while Turkish descendants had made increased use of specialist doctors (OR, 4.97) and borderline statistically significant increased use of hospital (OR, 2.48) and dentist (OR, 2.17) but not general practitioners. For medicine, we found no differences among the men, but women with an immigrant background made considerably greater use, compared with ethnic Danish women. Socioeconomic position and health symptoms had a fairly explanatory effect on the use in the different groups. Conclusions Use of cross-border healthcare may have consequences for the continuity of care, including conflicts in the medical treatment, for the patient. Nonetheless, it may be aligned with the patient’s preferences and thereby beneficial for the patient. We need more information about reasons for obtaining cross-border healthcare among immigrants residing in European countries, and the consequences for the patient and the healthcare systems, including the quality of care. The Danish healthcare system needs to be aware of the significant healthcare consumption by immigrants, especially medicine among women, outside Denmark’s borders. PMID:23148550

  5. Screening of Deletions in SMN, NAIP and BTF2p44 Genes in Turkish Spinal Muscular Atrophy Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sevtap Savas; Nalan Gokgoz; Hulya Kayserili; Ferda Ozkinay; Memnune Yuksel-Apak; Betul Kirdar

    2000-01-01

    Deletions of the spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)-determining gene, SMN1, NAIP, and a third multicopy gene, BTF2p44tel were investigated in 60 unrelated Turkish SMA patients. SMN1 was deleted for at least exons 7 and 8 in 85% of the Turkish SMA patients. The NAIP gene was deleted in 75 and 33% of type I and type II SMA patients, respectively. Analysis

  6. Decoding and comprehension skills in Turkish and English: Effects of the regularity of grapheme-phoneme correspondences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Banu Oney; Susan R. Goldman

    1984-01-01

    Assesses decoding and comprehension skills for Turkish and American 1st and 3rd graders. 20 Ss in each group were tested on a pseudoword vocalization task and on a paragraph comprehension task. Latency and accuracy data indexed decoding proficiency and percentage correct comprehension skill. Turkish Ss were faster and more accurate on the decoding task than Americans at the 1st-grade level

  7. Iranian Azeri’s Y-Chromosomal Diversity in the Context of Turkish-Speaking Populations of the Middle East

    PubMed Central

    Andonian, L; Rezaie, S; Margaryan, A; Farhud, DD; Mohammad, K; Naieni, K Holakouie; Khorramizadeh, MR; Sanati, M H; Jamali, M; Bayatian, P; Yepiskoposyan, L

    2011-01-01

    Background: The main goal of this study was to conduct a comparative population genetic study of Turkish speaking Iranian Azeries as being the biggest ethno-linguistic community, based on the polymorph markers on Y chromosome. Methods: One hundred Turkish-speaking Azeri males from north-west Iran (Tabriz, 2008–2009) were selected based on living 3 generations paternally in the same region and not having any relationship with each other. Samples were collected by mouth swabs, DNA extracted and multiplex PCR done, then 12 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) and 6 Microsatellites (MS) were sequenced. Obtained data were statistically analyzed by Arlequin software. Results: SNPs and Microsatellites typing were compared with neighboring Turkish-speaking populations (from Turkey and Azerbaijan) and Turkmens representing a possible source group who imposed the Turkish language during 11–15th centuries AD. Azeris demonstrated high level of gene diversity compatible with patterns registered in the neighboring Turkish-speaking populations, whereas the Turkmens displayed significantly lower level of genetic variation. This rate of genetic affiliation depends primarily on the geographic proximity. Conclusion: The imposition of Turkish language to this region was realized predominantly by the process of elite dominance, i.e. by the limited number of invaders who left only weak patrilineal genetic trace in modern populations of the region. PMID:23113065

  8. Low emittance lattice for the storage ring of the Turkish Light Source Facility TURKAY

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nergiz, Z.; Aksoy, A.

    2015-06-01

    The TAC (Turkish Accelerator Center) project aims to build an accelerator center in Turkey. The first stage of the project is to construct an Infra-Red Free Electron Laser (IR-FEL) facility. The second stage is to build a synchrotron radiation facility named TURKAY, which is a third generation synchrotron radiation light source that aims to achieve a high brilliance photon beam from a low emittance electron beam at 3 GeV. The electron beam parameters are highly dependent on the magnetic lattice of the storage ring. In this paper a low emittance storage ring for TURKAY is proposed and the beam dynamic properties of the magnetic lattice are investigated. Supported by Turkish Republic Ministry of Development (DPT2006K120470)

  9. Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of CRAFFT Substance Abuse Screening Test among adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Kandemir, Hasan; Aydemir, Ömer; Ekinci, Suat; Selek, Salih; Kandemir, Sultan B; Bayazit, Hüseyin

    2015-01-01

    Aim This study aimed to validate the CRAFFT diagnostic test, against the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition, Axis 1-based diagnostic inventory in a Turkish population of adolescents. Method The 124 adolescents who were 15–18 years old were enrolled to this study. CRAFFT was self-administered. Interviews took approximately 30 minutes, including the DSM-IV diagnostic interview for alcohol/drug dependence. Results The mean age of subjects was 16.653 years (minimum: 15 years, maximum: 18 years). A score of 2 or higher in part B was found to be optimal for detecting youths with substance dependence problems (sensitivity: 0.82; specificity: 0.88) and it was sufficiently discriminative. Conclusion The CRAFFT is a valid and reliable instrument for identifying Turkish-speaking youths at risk for substance use disorders. PMID:26150721

  10. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    PubMed

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  11. Continuing Effects of Early Enrichment in Adult Life: The Turkish Early Enrichment Project 22 Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagitcibasi, Cigdem; Sunar, Diane; Bekman, Sevda; Baydar, Nazli; Cemalcilar, Zeynep

    2009-01-01

    Long-term studies of early intervention, spanning over decades, are scarce in the United States and nonexistent in the rest of the world. The Turkish Early Enrichment Project (TEEP) is the only non-U.S. example to date. This paper reports a new follow-up assessment of the long-term outcomes of TEEP, an intervention carried out in 1983-1985 with…

  12. Impact of Exchange Rate Changes on Domestic Inflation: The Turkish Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ara Volkan; Cem Saatçioğlu; Levent Korap

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the extent to which changes in exchange rates result in changes in Turkish domestic inflation. Specifically, we determine if there has been a change in the magnitude of this impact from the pre-2003 period to the post-2003, when the exchange rates were allowed to float. Employing monthly frequency data, we estimate two impulse-response functions and pass-through coefficients,

  13. Seroprevalence of Tetanus Antibody in Turkish Population and Effectiveness of Single-Dose Tetanus Toxoid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Cavuslu; O. Oncul; H. Altunay; M. F. Ozsoy; N. Kocak

    2003-01-01

    The study presented here was performed to determine the rates of immunity to tetanus in a cross section of the Turkish population and to assess the impact of a single-dose tetanus toxoid in previously unvaccinated individuals. Among 18-year-old participants who received their last tetanus booster 4 years prior to the study and 22-year-old participants who received the booster 8 years

  14. Exploring the Sources of Turkish Pre-service Chemistry Teachers’ Chemistry Self-efficacy Beliefs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esen Uzuntiryaki

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the underlying sources in developing chemistry self-efficacy beliefs of Turkish pre-service chemistry teachers. For this purpose, the College Chemistry Self-efficacy Scale (CCSS) was administered to 20 pre-service chemistry teachers. Then, phenomenological approach was employed and semi-structured interviews were conducted with five pre-service teachers selected based on their scores on the CCSS to identify the underlying

  15. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Turkish Water Resources: A Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Koray K. Yilmaz; Hasan Yazicigil

    \\u000a Water resources are mainly controlled by the climate conditions. Global warming will therefore have evolving impacts on water\\u000a resources and poses important challenges for sustainable development. Studies are rapidly emerging with focus on potential\\u000a implications of climate change on Turkish water resources. These studies can be grouped into two major fields: (1) Studies\\u000a investigating the degree of climate change reflected

  16. Fasciola hepatica cathepsin L1 from a Turkish isolate is related to Asiatic isolates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salih Kuk; Mustafa Kaplan; Aykut Ozdarendeli; Sukru Tonbak; Suleyman Felek; Ahmet Kalkan

    2005-01-01

    Cathepsin L1 (CatL1) is one of the major molecules in the excretory-secretory products of Fasciola hepatica and is secreted by all stages of the developing parasite; it is involved in tissue penetration, immune evasion, feeding and pathogenesis. Our aim in this study was to clone and characterise the F. hepatica CatL1 gene from a Turkish isolate. This is the first

  17. Perceived parenting style, depression and anxiety levels in a Turkish late-adolescent population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ?rem Anl?; T. Alper Karsl?

    2010-01-01

    The socio-economic status of family has an effect on the mental health. Individuals from “low-S.E.S” families are more prone to depression and anxiety disorders. This study observes the relation between perceived parenting style and depressive moods in Turkish adolescents from 3 different S.E.S levels. A total of 150 subjects representing 3 different S.E.S levels were given the “My Memories of

  18. Phenotypic Diversity within a Collection of Distinct Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ) Cultivars Derived from Turkish Land Races

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eftal Düzyaman

    2005-01-01

    Ten traditional, Turkish okra cultivars (Bat? Trakya, Akköy 41, Kabakl? II, Denizli, Denizli uzun, Bornova (TR-57377 and TR-57420), Amasya Çiçek, Bal?kesir T-1, A?lasun\\/Burdur) and one commercial cultivar (Sultani\\/May Seed Company) were selected to represent the variability within domestic okra germplasm from the Anatolian Plateau. Replicated field trials were conducted to evaluate a total of 21 morphological, horticultural and physiological characteristics.

  19. Globalization and its challenges for developing countries: the case of Turkish higher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hanife Akar

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators\\u000a in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After\\u000a a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each stage of development of Turkey’s\\u000a modern institutions of

  20. Unprotected Sexual Intercourse and Unplanned Pregnancy Experience of Turkish University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ayten Senturk Erenel; Zehra Golbasi

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the unprotected sexual experience for Turkish university students. The study was carried out with 1,689\\u000a voluntary students from two state universities. The data was gathered with a questionnaire composed of 33 questions prepared\\u000a by researchers. Chi- square test and Student t test were used in the statistical analysis of data. 15.9% of the students had sexual experience.

  1. Attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of Turkish secondary and high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramiz ARABACI

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study was to investigate attitudes toward physical education and class preferences of Turkish secondary and high school students related to gender and age. The participants were 302 female (Mage = 13.11 ± 0.79) and 332 male (Mage = 13.14 ± 0.69) students from secondary school education aged 12 to 14 and 290 female (Mage = 16.48

  2. Arm Anthropometry Indices in Turkish Children and Adolescents: Changes Over a Three-Year Period

    PubMed Central

    Çiçek, Betül; Öztürk, Ahmet; Maz?c?o?lu, Mustafa Mümtaz; Kurto?lu, Selim

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Time-related changes and comparisons for mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), arm fat area (AFA) are lacking for Turkish children and adolescents. To determine the arm anthropometry indices (MUAC, TSF, AFA) in children and adolescents and to also assess the changes in these indices over a 3-year time period. Methods: The data of the Anthropometry of Turkish Children Aged 0-6 Years (ATCA-06) study and the Second Study of Determination of the Anthropometric Measurements of Turkish Children and Adolescents (DAMTCA-II) were used to calculate the arm anthropometry percentiles in a total group of 6982 children and adolescents aged 28 days to 17 years. The 3rd-97th percentiles were computed by the LMS method. Results: In girls, 50th percentile MUAC values linearly increased with age. In boys, 50th percentile TSF values linearly increased until 10 years of age and decreased after age 11 years, while in girls, TSF values increased linearly with age. 50th percentile values for AFA showed a linear increase in both genders with age. Significant differences were found between the 5th, 50th and 95th percentile values for MUAC and AFA obtained in the two studies (DAMTCA-II and DAMTCA-I) in both boys and girls. Conclusions: The prominent finding was the significant and alarming increase in arm anthropometry indices in both genders within as short period of time as three years. PMID:25541892

  3. The role of GSTM1 gene polymorphisms in lung cancer development in Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Adalet; Altin, Sedat; Pehlivan, Davut; Demir, Mulahim; Yakar, Fatih; Seyhan, Ekrem Cengiz; Dincer, Seyyit Ibrahim

    2007-01-01

    Background Glutathione S-transferase (GSTs) plays an important role in the detoxification of many xenobiotics involved in the etiology of cancer. In different ethnic groups, variations in null allele frequency have been observed. We have investigated GSTM1 gene polymorphisms in healthy subjects and lung cancer patients in the Turkish population and reviewed the control subjects of the studies performed in the Turkish population. Methods Following blood sampling from patients and controls, DNA samples were extracted from the whole blood and were amplified by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method in all of the 256 cases, consisting of 102 previously diagnosed with lung cancer and 154 healthy controls. Results The prevalence of GSTM1-null genotype in the lung cancer patients was 49%, compared to 52.6% in the control group (OR = 1.39, 95% CI = 0.70–1.90, p = 0.57). There were also no significant relationships in GSTM1 genotypes among histopathologic types of lung cancers (p > 0.05). The frequency of GSTM1 was found to be 41.2% (n = 1809) when the control subjects of the studies performed in Turkish population were reviewed. Conclusion We have observed that GSTM1 genotype is not an independent risk factor for lung cancer. PMID:17897446

  4. Emotion displays in media: a comparison between American, Romanian, and Turkish children's storybooks

    PubMed Central

    Wege, Briana Vander; Sánchez González, Mayra L.; Friedlmeier, Wolfgang; Mihalca, Linda M.; Goodrich, Erica; Corapci, Feyza

    2014-01-01

    Children's books may provide an important resource of culturally appropriate emotions. This study investigates emotion displays in children's storybooks for preschoolers from Romania, Turkey, and the US in order to analyze cultural norms of emotions. We derived some hypotheses by referring to cross-cultural studies about emotion and emotion socialization. For such media analyses, the frequency rate of certain emotion displays can be seen as an indicator for the salience of the specific emotion. We expected that all children's storybooks would highlight dominantly positive emotions and that US children's storybooks would display negative powerful emotions (e.g., anger) more often and negative powerless emotions (e.g., sadness) less often than Turkish and Romanian storybooks. We also predicted that the positive and negative powerful emotion expressions would be more intense in the US storybooks compared to the other storybooks. Finally, we expected that social context (ingroup/outgroup) may affect the intensity emotion displays more in Turkish and Romanian storybooks compared to US storybooks. Illustrations in 30 popular children's storybooks (10 for each cultural group) were coded. Results mostly confirmed the hypotheses but also pointed to differences between Romanian and Turkish storybooks. Overall, the study supports the conclusion that culture-specific emotion norms are reflected in media to which young children are exposed. PMID:24987384

  5. The role of environmental and occupational exposures in Turkish immigrants with fibre-related disease.

    PubMed

    Dumortier, P; Göcmen, A; Laurent, K; Manço, A; De Vuyst, P

    2001-05-01

    Environmental exposure to tremolite and erionite causes endemic diseases of the lung and pleura in Turkey. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of these exposures and further occupational exposures on fibre-related diseases in Turkish immigrants living in Belgium. The study included 51 males and 17 females that emigrated < 1-38 yrs ago. Most of them (n=46) had nonmalignant pleural lesions, one had asbestosis and one had mesothelioma. Environmental asbestos exposure was likely for the majority of patients (60%), but there were also reports of possible occupational asbestos (n = 14) and erionite (n = 2) exposure. Tremolite was the main fibre type in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Elevated concentrations of amosite or crocidolite were detected in only two patients. The delay elapsed since the end of the environmental exposure had no influence on the asbestos body or the tremolite fibre concentrations in the BALF of Turkish immigrants. Most fibre-related diseases in Turkish immigrants are probably due to environmental rather than occupational exposure. Precise information about geographical origin and occupation should be obtained when investigating these patients. Mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid gives valuable information on the type and intensity of exposure, especially in patients with both environmental and occupational exposure. PMID:11488327

  6. Colonization of Legionella species in Turkish baths in hotels in Alanya, Turkey.

    PubMed

    Erdogan, Haluk; Arslan, Hande

    2015-05-01

    This study evaluated the prevalence of Legionella species in water samples collected from Turkish baths in hotels in Alanya, Turkey, from August 2003 to September 2013. Water samples were collected in 100-mL sterile containers and then concentrated by filtration. Heat treatment was used to eliminate other microorganisms from the samples, which were then spread on Legionella-selective-buffered charcoal yeast extract alpha (BCYE-?) agar and on BCYE-? agar supplemented with glycine, vancomycin, polymyxin, and cycloheximide. Cysteine-dependent colonies were identified by latex agglutination. In total, 135 samples from 52 hotels with Turkish baths were evaluated. Legionella species were identified in 11/52 (21.2%) hotels and 18/135 (13.3%) samples. The most frequently isolated species was Legionella pneumophila, with most isolates belonging to serogroups 6 (55.6%) and 1 (22.2%). The colony count was <100 colony-forming units (CFU) mL(-1) in nine samples, from 100 to 1000 CFU mL(-1) in six samples, and >1000 CFU mL(-1) in three samples. These findings suggest that the hot water systems of Turkish baths in hotels must be viewed as a possible source of travel-associated Legionnaires' disease, and preventative measures should be put in place. PMID:25850992

  7. The Status of the Female Academicians in Turkish Universities During the Process of EU Admission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ozel, Ali

    The aim of this study is to reveal the status of the female academicians in Turkish universities during the process of EU admission. In this process, the geographical position and the importance of Turkey`s strategic position for various countries in the world and, especially for EU, the status of female academicians in several developed countries and the historical development of the female academicians in Turkish universities have been analysed. In addition, the distribution of the female academicians in basic fields in Turkey and in several other developed countries has been compared. The study showed that the number of the female academicians and professors in Turkey has been increasing rapidly and that they have achieved not only considerable progress in every echelon, but also a high rate of representation in certain scientific fields. Among the other important finding of the study is that Turkish women possess more career opportunities in higher education institutions in Turkey than in other developed countries although they reflect a lower level of higher education achievements and suffer economical difficulties at times due to sexual discrimination in public-however relative it may seem.

  8. Analysis of the effects of the global financial crisis on the Turkish economy, using hierarchical methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantar, Ersin; Keskin, Mustafa; Deviren, Bayram

    2012-04-01

    We have analyzed the topology of 50 important Turkish companies for the period 2006-2010 using the concept of hierarchical methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and hierarchical tree (HT)). We investigated the statistical reliability of links between companies in the MST by using the bootstrap technique. We also used the average linkage cluster analysis (ALCA) technique to observe the cluster structures much better. The MST and HT are known as useful tools to perceive and detect global structure, taxonomy, and hierarchy in financial data. We obtained four clusters of companies according to their proximity. We also observed that the Banks and Holdings cluster always forms in the centre of the MSTs for the periods 2006-2007, 2008, and 2009-2010. The clusters match nicely with their common production activities or their strong interrelationship. The effects of the Automobile sector increased after the global financial crisis due to the temporary incentives provided by the Turkish government. We find that Turkish companies were not very affected by the global financial crisis.

  9. Mutualism, resource competition and opposing movements among Turkish organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin, 1965-2000.

    PubMed

    Vermeulen, Floris

    2013-09-01

    This article seeks to understand environmental effects on associational interdependencies, be they competitive or collaborative, in a polarized organizational population. To do so, it builds on the density-dependent model and the ecology of ideologies. Especially interested in the effect of context on density-dependent processes, I compare different Turkish ideological movements in Amsterdam and Berlin. Amsterdam represents an open and supportive environment for such movements, whereas Berlin constitutes a more closed and hostile one. By analysing the founding and disbanding rates of Turkish immigrant organizations in Amsterdam and Berlin during the period 1965-2000, the article demonstrates how the increasing density of Turkish ideologies has affected interdependencies in two main ways: by heightening competition, particularly between ideologically similar organizations, and by increasing counter activities between opposing movements. It also shows that the influence of context is limited. An open environment does not significantly influence the vitality rates of ideologies or further collaboration among or between them. On the contrary, it seemingly increases competition and fragmentation because more resources and opportunities are available. More signs of collaboration and mutualism are found in Berlin's closed environment. PMID:23998320

  10. Education and Turkish Communities in Bulgaria in the Years of Transformation (1989-2007): A Negotiated Formal Balance of Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iliycheva, Maria

    2010-01-01

    This paper on the education of the Turkish minority in Bulgaria in the years of transformation (1989-2007) aims to discuss the perceptions and experiences of minority members in schooling. After a succinct introduction into the historical development of minority education, the article focuses on research conducted among the Turkish communities in…

  11. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

  12. Adaptation of the Boundary Violations Scale Developed Based on Structural Family Therapy to the Turkish Context: A Study of Validity and Reliability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avci, Rasit; Çolakkadioglu, Oguzhan; Öz, Aysegül Sükran; Akbas, Turan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt "The Boundary Violations Scale" (Madden et al., 2002), which was created to measure the intergenerational boundary violations in families from the perspective of children, to Turkish and to test the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of this instrument. This instrument was developed…

  13. An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.

    PubMed

    Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

    2008-05-01

    The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites. PMID:18570568

  14. The reliability of the Greulich and Pyle atlas when applied to a Southern Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Gungor, Ozge Erken; Celikoglu, Mevlut; Kale, Burak; Gungor, Ahmet Yalcin; Sari, Zafer

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of Greulich and Pyle (GP) method for Southern Turkish population. Materials and Methods: Hand and wrist radiographs of 535 patients (276 females, 259 males aged from 10 to 18 years) selected retrospectively from the archive. Skeletal age (SA) estimation was performed according to GP atlas. The chronological age (CA) and SA were compared using the Paired t-test. Results: The mean difference between the CA and SA ranged from 0.07 to 1.11 years. These differences between the CA and estimated SA were statistically significant in group I (10–10.90 years) (P < 0.001), group II (11–11.90 years) (P < 0.050), group III (12–12.90 years) (P < 0.001), group IV (13–13.90 years) (P < 0.010), and group V (14–14.90 years) (P < 0.001) for females. The mean difference between the CA and SA ranged from ?0.41 to ?1.79 years for females. These differences between the CA and estimated SA were statistically significant in all age groups. Conclusions: Statistically significant differences were found in the CA and SA assessed by GP method for the Southern Turkish sample. SA was significantly over-predicted in the 10–15 year ages in males and for 10–18 year ages for females. It is appropriate to use GP method in Southern Turkish children; however, a revision is needed for better results and to minimize the mistakes.

  15. A Three-Dimensional Seismic Velocity Model of the Arabian Plate, Iranian and Turkish Plateaus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghalib, Hafidh; Gritto, Roland; Sibol, Matthew; Herrmann, Robert; Aleqabi, Ghassan; Carron, Pierre; Wagner, Robert; Ali, Bakir; Ali, Ali

    2010-05-01

    Translational and rotational interaction between the Arabian, African and Eurasian plates over time has resulted in a challenging seismotectonic framework that is least understood in the Middle East region, in particular. Sea floor spreading along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, transform faulting along the Dead Sea and Own fracture zone, and compressional suture zones form the seismic and tectonic boundaries between the Arabian plate, the Iranian and Turkish plateaus. One objective of this effort is to map the three-dimensional shear-wave velocity variation using surface waves recorded by the broadband stations of North Iraq Seismographic Network (NISN), re-established Iraq Seismographic Network (ISN), and local stations of the Global Seismographic Network (GSN). Analysis of the seismograms netted a new seismicity map for the region consisting of about 2000 well located small to medium size earthquakes using all available phase arrivals including those published by the neighboring Syrian, Iranian and Turkish networks. Analysis of Rayleigh wave pure-path dispersion curves produced detailed maps showing the lateral and vertical variation of seismic velocities throughout the Middle East. These maps show a thick (10-15km) sedimentary layer that overlay the crystalline basement and a Conrad and Moho discontinuities at depths of 20-25km and 45-55km, respectively. The maps also show that the Arabian plate exhibits higher shear-wave velocities than found across the Turkish and Iranian plateaus; imprint of the Zagros Mountain roots extends down as deep as the Moho; and that the tectonic boundaries along the Dead Sea, Taurus and Zagros are more pronounced with depth describing a 60km or thicker Arabian plate. Future plans involving body wave velocity tomography modeling, high frequency wave attenuation, and moment tensor analysis to estimate the focal mechanism and magnitude of events are in preparation.

  16. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Nuss Questionnaire Modified for Adults

    PubMed Central

    Bahadir, A. Tugba; Kuru, Pinar; Afacan, Ceyda; Ermerak, Nezih Onur; Bostanci, Korkut; Yuksel, Mustafa

    2015-01-01

    Background Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common chest wall deformity. The Nuss Questionnaire modified for Adults (NQmA) is a disease-specific health-related quality of life assessment tool for patients with pectus deformities. The aim of this study is to adapt the NQmA into Turkish. Methods Two hundred and sixty-five patients with PE were participated, with an age range of 14 to 29 years. All patients underwent a physical examination and had not undergone corrective surgery. The Turkish version of the NQmA was completed by patients and their parents. Results The content validity index based on expert opinions was 91% for the patient questionnaire and 96% for the parent questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha value for the NQmA was found to be 0.805 for the patient questionnaire and 0.800 for the parent questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis was used to assess construct validity. Two factors explained 51.1% of the total variance in the patient questionnaire (psychosocial: 31.145%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.818; physical: 19.955%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.862). In the parent questionnaire, two factors explained 51.422% of the total variance (psychosocial: 26.097%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.743; physical: 25.325%, Cronbach’s alpha=0.827). Construct validity was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. Conclusion The Turkish version of the NQmA was found to be valid and reliable for the assessment of quality of life in patients with PE. PMID:25883894

  17. Validation of the Turkish version of the quality of recovery-40 questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The Quality of Recovery-40 questionnaire (QoR-40) is a self-rated questionnaire used to assess the postoperative recovery quality and health status of patients in the early stages following surgery; however, there is no Turkish version of the QoR-40. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Turkish version of the QoR-40 (QoR-40 T). Methods After the approval of the ethics committee, a total of 137 patients completed the questionnaire during the preoperative period, on the third day, and one month after surgery. The quality of life was evaluated by using a health-related quality of life questionnaire (Short-Form Health Survey-36; SF-36) on the third day and one month after surgery. Reliability, feasibility, and validity were assessed to validate the QoR-40 T. Results The Cronbach’s alpha of the global QoR-40 T on the third day after surgery was 0.936. A positive moderate correlation was obtained between the physical comfort, emotional state, physical independence, and pain dimensions of the QoR-40 T and the physical component summary, mental health, physical functioning, and bodily pain subscales of the SF-36 on the third day after surgery, respectively (physical comfort - physical component summary, ??=?0.292, p?=?0.001; emotional state - mental health, ??=?0.252, p?=?0.003; physical independence - physical functioning, ??=?0.340, p?Turkish population. PMID:24428925

  18. Applicability of the Demirjian method for dental assessment of southern Turkish children.

    PubMed

    Celik, Salih; Zeren, Cem; Celikel, Adnan; Yengil, Erhan; Altan, Ahmet

    2014-07-01

    Age-related legal problems are especially common in underdeveloped parts of Turkey. In terms of civil and criminal law, the ages from 13 years to 18 years are critical in our country. Estimation of age is a very significant in aspect of accordance with laws. The aims of this study were to evaluate the applicability and accuracy of the Demirjian technique for assessing southern Turkish children; to analyze the sexual dimorphism of dental age in the studied groups; and to define the relationship between the dental age and the degree of mineralization in mandibular permanent tooth in southern Turkish children. This study was performed using panoramic radiographs from 932 healthy southern Turkish children, 444 girls and 488 boys aged between 4 and 18 years. Statistical evaluations were performed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for Windows 13.0 software. The mean difference between dental and chronological age was calculated for each age and sex group. The paired t-test was used to compare all data. The chi-square test was used for between-group comparisons of categorical variables. Continuous variables were tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Relationships between continuous variables were examined using Pearson's correlation coefficient. The same observer re-examined 700 teeth three months after the first examination. The results were evaluated with the intraclass correlation test and both measurements were statistically significantly similar with each other(R = 0.982, p = 0.0001). .Dental age (DA) and chronological age (CA) were consistent for boys in the 16-16.9 age group and for girls in the 9-9.9 and 15-15.9 age groups. From this study, we can conclude that dental age varies across ethnic populations. Additionally, dental maturation varies across different regions of the same country. Because Demirjian's standards are not suitable for all age groups of southern Turkish children, a new table is necessary for evaluating this population. Future studies using multi-ethnic population data are needed to establish the international applicability of Demirjian's method. PMID:24931852

  19. College Science Teaching Changing to Mirror Real Science in Turkish Higher Education

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Alev Dogan

    2007-07-01

    College science is often poorly taught and it is rare that any consideration is given to the nine visions for reform of science teaching featured in the National Science Education Standards (NSES) (NRC 1996, p. 52). It is even more rare to see interdisciplinary science courses taught in colleges. At many universities, this is changing where there are Science-Technology-Society (STS) enthusiasts. For example, Clemson University (Cheek 2006) is struggling with developing such courses as part of their general education requirements for all undergraduates and similar changes are occurring in Turkish higher education.

  20. Alternative diesel fuel study on four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin

    SciTech Connect

    Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F. [Istanbul Technical Univ., Istanbul (Turkey)

    1997-02-01

    Four different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). Blends were investigated in a diesel engine with a precombustion chamber at speeds between 1,200 and 2,100 rpm. Vegetable oils, diesel fuel, and fuel blends were characterized according to standard test methods. It was found that for short-term use, the fuel blends have engine characteristics similar to the baseline diesel fuel. Fuel blends also display less smoke emissions than diesel fuel.

  1. Effect of some Turkish vegetable oil-diesel fuel blends on exhaust emissions

    SciTech Connect

    Ergeneman, M.; Oezaktas, T.; Cigizoglu, K.B.; Karaosmanoglu, F.; Arslan, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey)

    1997-10-01

    For different types of vegetable oils of Turkish origin (sunflower, corn, soybean, and olive oil) were blended with grade No. 2-D diesel fuel at a ratio of 20/80 (v/v). The effect of the compression ratio on exhaust emissions is investigated in an American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)-cooperative fuel research (CFR) engine working with the mentioned fuel blends and a baseline diesel fuel. A decrease in soot, CO, CO{sub 2}, and HC emissions and an increase in NO{sub x} emissions have been observed for fuel blends compared to diesel fuel.

  2. Effects of the Professional Development Program on Turkish Teachers: Technology Integration along with Attitude towards ICT in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uslu, Oner; Bumen, Nilay T.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of the professional development (PD) program on technology integration (TI) besides attitudes towards ICT in education of Turkish teachers. This study demonstrates the outcomes of one group pre-test and post-test design based on data, collected before, just after and six weeks after the PD…

  3. "Get Your Face Out of Mine": Culture-Oriented Distance in EFL Context. A Helpful Guide for Turkish EFL Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Celik, Servet

    2005-01-01

    This research study aims to find out the experiences of Turkish EFL (English as a foreign language) teachers in the United States regarding the differences between their understanding and use of personal space and that of Americans, and to discuss how the issue is closely related to foreign language instruction. The study will center around a…

  4. Deutsch, Doyc or Doitsch? Chatters as Languagers--The Case of a German-Turkish Chat Room

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinnenkamp, Volker

    2008-01-01

    The paper looks at the process of online-languaging of adolescents with a migratory and ethnic Turkish background in a diasporic chat room. The multiple resources and voices used are analysed. One particular example is looked at more thoroughly to illustrate the process of languaging and how it is legitimised by the chatters themselves. Finally,…

  5. An analytical network process-based framework for successful total quality management (TQM): An assessment of Turkish manufacturing industry readiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ozden Bayazit; Birsen Karpak

    2007-01-01

    In this study, we have developed an analytic network process (ANP)-based framework to identify the level of impact of different factors on total quality management (TQM) implementation and to assess the readiness of the Turkish manufacturing industry to adopt TQM practices. ANP is a methodology recently introduced by Saaty for multiple criteria problems where there is feedback and interdependence among

  6. A Comparison of Level of Discrimination Directed at Academic Staff in a Turkish and an Azerbaijani University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halici, Ali; Kasimoglu, Murat

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to understand the level of discrimination against academic staff in a Turkish and an Azerbaijani university. This research is the last stage of a four-stage study. Design/methodology/approach: In the first part of the study, the areas of discrimination in universities were determined using approaches related to…

  7. An Analysis of the Turkish New Elementary Mathematics Curriculum and Textbooks in Terms of the Presentation of Geometric Concepts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toptas, Veli

    2010-01-01

    It is widely accepted that learning becomes more enduring and deeper if geometric concepts are presented in various orientations and dimensions in textbooks. The purpose of this study was to examine how geometric concepts are presented in the Turkish elementary mathematics curriculum and the textbooks in terms of sizes and orientations. For this…

  8. Adaptation of the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills to Turkish Children Aged 61 to 72 Months

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uyanik, Ozgun; Kandir, Adalet

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this research is s to adapt and apply t the Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills (K-SEALS) to Turkish children in the city of Ankara. In the study, a descriptive screening model was used. The population of the study consisted of children who showed normal developmental characteristics and who were enrolled at public…

  9. GLOBAL DYNAMICS, DOMESTIC COALITIONS AND A REACTIVE STATE: MAJOR POLICY SHIFTS IN POST-WAR TURKISH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ziya Öni

    The main objective of this study is to propose an analytical framework to explain the major policy shifts that has characterized post-war Turkish economic development; divided into four phases, starting respectively in 1950, 1960, 1980, and 2001. Its main contribution is to incorporate external and internal factors into this framework within a broadly political economy perspective, attaching particular significance to

  10. The Children of Guest Workers: Comparative Analysis of Scholastic Achievement of Pupils of Turkish Origin throughout Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasztor, Adel

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the integration of Turkish labour migrant children in four countries across Europe in terms of their educational performance. By looking at the PISA 2003 (Programme for International Student Assessment) data pertaining to mathematics achievement of 15-year-olds, it explores the effects of ethnicity, gender and family…

  11. The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers and Teacher Candidates towards the Use of Mass Media in Teaching Turkish Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadag, Ruhan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to explore the perceptions of primary school teachers and teacher candidates of the use of mass media in teaching Turkish in primary education. The data for this descriptive study is collected via semi-structured interviews--one of the qualitative data analysis methods and the collected data is analyzed by employing…

  12. Evaluation of some plants used in Turkish folk medicine against parasitic infections for their in vivo anthelmintic activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esma Kozan; Esra Küpeli; Erdem Yesilada

    2006-01-01

    Ethanolic and aqueous extracts obtained from nine plant species from seven families selected depending on their use in Turkish folk medicine, including Citrillus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. (seed), Jasminum fruticans L. (branches), Juniperus drupacea Labill. (fruits), Juniperus nana L. (fruit and leaves), Juniperus oxcycedrus L (fruit and leaves), Mentha longifolia L. (herba), Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Richt. (fruits), Plantago lanceolata

  13. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  14. Turkish Pre-Service Science and Mathematics Teachers' Computer Related Self-Efficacies, Attitudes, and the Relationship between These Variables

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pamuk, Savas; Peker, Deniz

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish pre-service science and mathematics teachers' computer self-efficacies (CSEs) and computer attitude (CA) considering gender, year in program, and computer ownership as independent variables. Additionally the study aimed to examine the relationship between CSE and CA. Computer Self-efficacy Scale…

  15. Determination of some characteristics coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Turkish kefirs with natural probiotic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. N Yüksekda?; Y Beyatli; B Aslim

    2004-01-01

    In this study, a total of 21 coccoid forms of lactic acid bacteria (lactococci) were isolated from Turkish kefir samples. As a result of the identification tests, 21 lactococci isolates were identified as Lactococcus cremoris (11 strains), Lactococcus lactis (4 strains), Streptococcus thermophilus (3 strains) and Streptococcus durans (3 strains). The amount of produced lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide, proteolytic activity,

  16. Are We There Yet? A Progress Report from Three Turkish University Pioneers in Distance Education and E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latchem, Colin; Simsek, Nurettin; Balta, Ozlem Cakir; Torkul, Orhan; Cedimoglu, I. Hakki; Altunkopru, Alpaslan

    2009-01-01

    The international literature provides little in-depth analysis of distance education and e-learning activities, achievements, and challenges in Turkish higher education other than the country's mega-university, Anadolu. This paper examines the development of, and lessons to be learned from, such undertakings by three pioneers--two regular state…

  17. Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

  18. Relationship of Bender Gestalt Developmental Scores and Human Drawing Developmental Scores in a Sample of Turkish Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozer, Serap

    2009-01-01

    The Bender Gestalt test and Human Drawings are frequently utilized tests in assessing school readiness in children. This study was a pilot attempt to evaluate these two tests in a Turkish sample as they relate to first grade behaviour as measured by teacher ratings. One hundred and five children were evaluated at the end of kindergarten using the…

  19. Career barriers for women executives and the Glass Ceiling Syndrome: the case study comparison between French and Turkish women executives.

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Career barriers for women executives and the Glass Ceiling Syndrome: the case study comparison Management Career barriers for women executives and the Glass Ceiling Syndrome: the case study comparison between French and Turkish women executives. Cansu Akpinar-Sposito Octobre ­ 2012 Ecole Doctorale Sciences

  20. A Comparison of Problem Behavior Profiles in Turkish Children with AD/HD and Non-AD/HD Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: There is an increasing number of studies describing the symptoms of ADHD among school-age children in western cultures. Yet, studies on children with ADHD living in non-western cultures are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare problem behavior profiles of Turkish children with AD/HD and non-AD/HD children. Method:…

  1. A Clinically Variant Fibrosis Syndrome in a Turkish Family Maps to the CFEOM1 Locus on Chromosome 12

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emin C. Sener; Bjorn A. Lee; Banu Turgut; A. Nurten Akarsu; Elizabeth C. Engle

    Objectives: To describe the phenotype of a Turkish fam- ily with variably expressed congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM), and to determine the genetic location of their disorder. Methods: Participants were examined and had blood extracted for genetic analysis. The clinical features of the family's disorder were studied, and the disorder was tested for linkage to the 3 known

  2. L1 Transfer in Article Selection for Generic Reference by Spanish, Turkish and Japanese L2 Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snape, Neal; García-Mayo, Maria Del Pilar; Gurel, Ayse

    2013-01-01

    This study examines second language (L2) acquisition of English generic noun phrases (NPs) by Spanish, Turkish and Japanese learners. The aim is to identify the role of the first language (L1) in the L2 acquisition of definite NP-level generics and indefinite sentence-level generics with singular, bare plural, and mass generic nouns. The four…

  3. Effects of Screencasting on the Turkish Undergraduate Students' Achievement and Knowledge Acquisitions in Spreadsheet Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tekinarslan, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of screencasts on the Turkish undergraduate students' achievement and knowledge acquisitions in spreadsheet applications. The methodology of the study is based on a pretest-posttest experimental design with a control group. A total of 66 undergraduate students in two groups (n = 33 in…

  4. Efficiency of the Technology Acceptance Model to Explain Pre-Service Teachers' Intention to Use Technology: A Turkish Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Timothy; Ursavas, Omer Faruk; Bahcekapili, Ekrem

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the efficiency of the technology acceptance model (TAM) to explain pre-service teachers' intention to use technology in Turkey. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 197 pre-service teachers from a Turkish university completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to four constructs…

  5. Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

  6. Social representation of events in world history: crosscultural consensus or Western discourse? How Turkish students view events in world history.

    PubMed

    Özer, Serap; Ergün, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    The perceptions of historical events are considered to be an important cultural, political, and social psychological variable. Earlier studies have shown a crosscultural consensus on historical events that are considered to be important. It has been indicated that a strong Western-Christian European template dominates the view of which events are considered to be important events in history, by many samples across the world. It was the aim of this study to test this finding with a Turkish sample, which would represent some unique characteristics in that it is Muslim, comes from an Empire background, and has undergone a recent nation-building process. College students (n?=?372) responded to a questionnaire that was utilized in seven other countries. It was shown that Turkish students were not Eurocentric as expected by the literature: They were highly sociocentric; they gave importance to events related to Turkish history. They were similar to their European counterparts in that war and violence were given primary importance when selecting events as important in history. However, they did not behave as predicted by earlier literature: They did not see Western European events as having a primary importance in history but gave at least equal importance to events that originated from Ottoman Empire roots. The results were discussed in terms of the unique cultural and historical variables that contribute to the identity and social psychological attributions of Turkish students. Further research should focus on not only which events are considered as important historical events but also the reasons behind these. PMID:22827603

  7. Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: A Perspective of Pre-Service Teachers from a Turkish Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yüce, Kemal; Sahin, Esin Y.; Koçer, Ömer; Kana, Fatih

    2013-01-01

    As teaching is a nation-building profession, the career motivations of pre-service teachers are worth exploring. This study examines the career motivations of 283 Turkish pre-service teachers who have chosen teaching as a career. Accordingly, they were asked questions about deciding to teach, career perceptions, and major expectations. A profile…

  8. Acquisition of binding of English reflexives by Turkish L2 learners: A neo-gricean pragmatic account

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahide Demirci

    2001-01-01

    This study looks at how pragmatic constraints affect the acquisition of the binding of English reflexives by adult Turkish L2 learners. Pragmatically biased and pragmatically netural sentences are compared to find out whether pragmatic bias towards a non-local antecedent overrides the parameter setting of English and causes learners to choose as possible antecedents NPs outside the binding domain. Both group

  9. PEN\\/PAPER AND ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR DEVELOPING REFLECTIVE THINKING OF TURKISH EFL STUDENT TEACHERS?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ZEYNEP KOCOGLU; AYSE AKYEL; GULCAN ERCETIN

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the role of portfolio development on the improvement of the reflective thinking ability of five Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) student teachers from a University in Turkey. In this case study, participants' reflective papers written for their pen\\/paper and electronic portfolios and their interviews were analysed. The results showed that the process of preparing a

  10. The Comparative Effects of Processing Instruction and Dictogloss on the Acquisition of the English Passive by Speakers of Turkish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uludag, Onur; Vanpatten, Bill

    2012-01-01

    The current study presents the results of an experiment investigating the effects of processing instruction (PI) and dictogloss (DG) on the acquisition of the English passive voice. Sixty speakers of Turkish studying English at university level were assigned to three groups: one receiving PI, the other receiving DG and the third serving as a…

  11. Analysing Instructors' View Regarding the Efficiency of the Turkish History Subjects Presented in Turkey Social Studies Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seker, Mustafa; Ilhan, Genç Osman

    2015-01-01

    Just like it is the reflex of each nation to teach its own history to the next generations, it is essential that our country is also able to identify the sufficiency level of the Turkish history within the framework of developing a programme. Through this study, the parallelism between the social studies teaching programme within the education…

  12. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  13. The Cultural Orientations of Entrepreneurs and Employees' Job Satisfaction: The Turkish Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yetim, Nalan; Yetim, Unsal

    2006-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine whether cultural orientations which were pervasive and salient in the society of SMEs' entrepreneurs predict employees' job satisfaction. Paternalism, collectivism, individualism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance were assessed as pervasive and salient attributes for Turkish society. Data were…

  14. The Place and Meaning of the Field of PE in Turkish Young People's Lives: A Study Using Bourdieu's Conceptual Tools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koca, Canan; Atencio, Matthew; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2009-01-01

    This paper draws on Bourdieu's notions of habitus, social field, and capital to provide a more complex examination of the place and meaning of physical education in Turkish young people's lives. Two secondary schools comprised of students from quite distinctive social, cultural, and geographical locations were involved in the study. Collected data…

  15. Personality Dimensions, Psychosocial-Demographic Variables, and English Language Competency in Predicting Level of Acculturative Stress Among Turkish International Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdinc Duru; Senel Poyrazli

    2007-01-01

    A sample of 229 Turkish international students studying in 17 universities throughout the United States participated in this online study. The main purpose of the study was to investigate acculturative stress based on students' demographics, personality, level of social connectedness, and English language competency. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated that marital status, English language competency, social connectedness, adjustment difficulties, neuroticism,

  16. The Relationship between Anxiety and Attitude of Students Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language and Their Achievement on Target Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gocer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the anxiety connected with target language of the high school students learning Turkish as a foreign language. In this study, descriptive relational screening model was used. Two scales were used for collecting data. First scale was FLCAS-Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale; it was developed by Horwitz…

  17. Removal of ammonium ion from aqueous solution using natural Turkish clinoptilolite.

    PubMed

    Karadag, Do?an; Koc, Yunus; Turan, Mustafa; Armagan, Bulent

    2006-08-25

    A study on ion exchange kinetics and equilibrium isotherms of ammonium ion on natural Turkish clinoptilolite (zeolite) was conducted using a batch experiment technique. The effects of relevant parameters, such as temperature, contact time and initial ammonium (NH(4)(+)) concentration were examined, respectively. The pseudo first-order, pseudo second-order kinetic models and intraparticle diffusion model were used to describe the kinetic data. The pseudo second-order kinetic model provided excellent kinetic data fitting (R(2)>0.990) and intraparticle diffusion effects ammonium uptake. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms for ammonium uptake and the Langmuir model agrees very well with experimental data. Thermodynamic parameters such as change in free energy (DeltaG(0)), enthalpy (DeltaH(0)) and entropy (DeltaS(0)) were also determined. An examination of the thermodynamic parameters shows that the exchange of ammonium ion by clinoptilolite is a process occurring spontaneously and physical in nature at ambient conditions (25 degrees C). The process is also found to be exothermic. The results indicate that there is a significant potential for the natural Turkish clinoptilolite as an adsorbent material for ammonium removal from aqueous solutions. PMID:16442711

  18. An investigation of retronasal testing of olfactory function in a Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Salihoglu, Murat; Altundag, Aytug; Cayonu, Melih; Tekeli, Hakan

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was: (1) to perform a preliminary study for the validation of “retronasal olfactory testing” in the Turkish population to find the best way to evaluate smell and taste disorders in Turkey; (2) to determine if cultural differences make application of the test more difficult; and (3) to determine the flavors that participants had not yet tasted by using the survey method. Material/Methods The study included 330 volunteers. Orthonasal olfactory function was assessed psycho-physically using the “Sniffin’ Sticks” olfactory test. Retronasal olfaction was assessed using a collection of 20 available food powders applied to the oral cavity. Also, all participants filled in a questionnaire of 50 items about the flavors they had not tasted before. Results The mean age of the participants was 26±7.3 years. Participants were divided into 3 groups according to the “Sniffin’ Sticks” test results: anosmia, hyposmia, and normosmia groups. Differences in retronasal olfaction scores were significant among the 3 groups. Conclusions The retronasal olfactory test appeared to perform well, but modifications of odorized powders or granules and distracters used in the retronasal olfactory test, taking into account Turkish cultural differences, is likely to improve its performance. PMID:24704823

  19. Panel reactive antibody positivity and associated HLA antibodies in Turkish renal transplant candidates.

    PubMed

    Ozdemir, Fatma Nurhan; Sezer, Siren; Akcay, Ali; Arat, Zubeyde; Turan, Munire; Gulmus, Sale; Kulah, Eyup; Haberal, Mehmet

    2004-01-01

    Pre- and post-renal transplantation panel reactive antibody (PRA) screening is associated with increased incidence of hyperacute or acute graft rejection and graft loss. This study was designed to find any relationship PRA sensitization and associated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-specific antibodies in Turkish renal transplant candidates. We included 340 patients who were in the renal transplantation waiting list in the study. We determined PRA sensitization ratio and the associated anti-HLA IgG antibody distribution of the patient group. The PRA testing was currently performed and levels above 30% were accepted to be positive. The PRA class I positivity was determined in 24 (7%) and class II in 34 (10%) of the patients. The most frequent HLA antibodies for class I were B56, A2, A34, A1, A23, A24 and B61; and for class II were DR11, DR14, DQ7, DR10, DQ5, DR1 and DR7, respectively. From these, the increase of the numbers of anti-HLA class II antibodies was significantly correlated with the increase of PRA sensitization ratio. In conclusion, the identification of the associated HLA-specific antibodies and correlation with the Turkish population HLA antigen distribution will identify the high-risk patients who are candidates for transplantation. PMID:14967317

  20. Application of Rasch analysis to Turkish version of ECOS-16 questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Karadeniz, Pinar Gunel; Bekiroglu, Nural; Ercan, Ilker; Altan, Lale

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reevaluate validity of Turkish version of the ECOS-16 questionnaire by using Rasch analysis in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. ECOS-16 (Assessment of health related quality of life in osteoporosis) is a quality of life questionnaire, which is convenient for measuring the quality of life of post-menopausal women with osteoporosis. 132 post-menopausal women with osteoporosis who attended Uludag Universtity, Atatürk Rehabilitation and Research Center between January 2010 and March 2011 were included in this study. The subjects filled out Turkish version of ECOS-16 questionnaire by themselves. The Rasch model was used for assessing construct validity of ECOS-16 data. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The mean infit and outfit mean square (z std) were found as 1.08 (0.1) and 1.02 (-0.1), respectively. The separation indices for the item and person were found as 7.72 and 3.13; the separation reliabilities were 0.98 and 0.91, respectively. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was found as 0.90. The construct validity of ECOS-16 questionnaire was assessed by Rasch analysis. PMID:24992253

  1. Investigation of major international and Turkish companies via hierarchical methods and bootstrap approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kantar, E.; Deviren, B.; Keskin, M.

    2011-11-01

    We present a study, within the scope of econophysics, of the hierarchical structure of 98 among the largest international companies including 18 among the largest Turkish companies, namely Banks, Automobile, Software-hardware, Telecommunication Services, Energy and the Oil-Gas sectors, viewed as a network of interacting companies. We analyze the daily time series data of the Boerse-Frankfurt and Istanbul Stock Exchange. We examine the topological properties among the companies over the period 2006-2010 by using the concept of hierarchical structure methods (the minimal spanning tree (MST) and the hierarchical tree (HT)). The period is divided into three subperiods, namely 2006-2007, 2008 which was the year of global economic crisis, and 2009-2010, in order to test various time-windows and observe temporal evolution. We carry out bootstrap analyses to associate the value of statistical reliability to the links of the MSTs and HTs. We also use average linkage clustering analysis (ALCA) in order to better observe the cluster structure. From these studies, we find that the interactions among the Banks/Energy sectors and the other sectors were reduced after the global economic crisis; hence the effects of the Banks and Energy sectors on the correlations of all companies were decreased. Telecommunication Services were also greatly affected by the crisis. We also observed that the Automobile and Banks sectors, including Turkish companies as well as some companies from the USA, Japan and Germany were strongly correlated with each other in all periods.

  2. A polymorphism in ERAP1 is associated with susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis in a Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Cinar, Muhammet; Akar, Hatice; Yilmaz, Sedat; Simsek, Ismail; Karkucak, Mutlu; Sagkan, Rahsan Il?kci; Pekel, Aysel; Erdem, Hakan; Avci, Ismail Yasar; Acikel, Cengizhan; Musabak, Ugur; Tunca, Yusuf; Pay, Salih

    2013-11-01

    We assessed the role played by the ERAP1 gene in Turkish patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in terms of disease susceptibility, clinical manifestations, and disease severity. We included 150 consecutive AS patients who met the modified New York classification criteria and 150 healthy controls. We documented the presence of 10 ERAP1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and HLA-B27 in these patients. ERAP1 SNPs were genotyped using competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. Differences between genotype and allele frequencies were compared using the Pearson's Chi-square test. The associations between ERAP1 SNPs, on the one hand, and with disease severity and clinical findings, on the other, were determined. One SNP, rs26653, was significantly associated with AS susceptibility (OR 1.609, 95% CI 1.163-2.226; p = 0.004). The population-attributable risk of possession of the rs26653 SNP allele was 23.4%. No relationship was noted between HLA-B27 positivity and the distribution of rs26653 genotype frequency. No associations were seen between disease severity measures and clinical manifestations of AS. In summary, an ERAP1 polymorphism was associated with AS in a Turkish population. The contributions of HLA-B27 and the rs26653 SNP to AS pathogenesis appear to be independent. PMID:23864143

  3. Characterization of the yeast flora present in some Turkish high-sugar products.

    PubMed

    Senses-Ergul, Sule; Ozbas, Zekiye Yesim

    2006-04-01

    In this study, 129 Turkish high-sugar products were examined in terms of their yeast flora and 73 representative strains were isolated. Yeast isolates were identified at species level by using Apilab Plus (bioMérieux, France), a specific computer program developed for ID 32C strips (bioMérieux, France). While one of the isolates could be identified at genus level as Aureobasidium, 66 of them were identified as 21 species belonging to 8 different genera. The distribution of these isolates were as follows: Candida (38), Rhodotorula (8), Zygosaccharomyces (7), Cryptococcus (6), Saccharomyces (3), Debaryomyces (2), Pichia (1) and Torulaspora (1). Approximately 70% of the isolates were found to have the ability to grow on media with 50% (w/w) glucose. Hence, they were characterized as xerotolerant strains. Although Zygosaccharomyces rouxii is known as the most xerotolerant yeast species, only two strains of Z. rouxii could be isolated from Turkish high-sugar foods. During identification studies, it was observed that ID 32C test strips should certainly be supported by morphological and physiological tests for obtaining more reliable identification results. If not, closely related yeast species such as anamorph and telemorph forms can not be distinguished. PMID:16778353

  4. Adaptation study of the Turkish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-T).

    PubMed

    Arcan, K; Karanci, A N

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to adapt and to test the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS-T) that was developed by Raylu and Oei (Addiction 99(6):757-769, 2004a). The significance of erroneous cognitions in the development and the maintenance of gambling problems, the importance of promoting gambling research in different cultures, and the limited information about the gambling individuals in Turkey due to limited gambling research interest inspired the present study. The sample consisted of 354 voluntary male participants who were above age 17 and betting on sports and horse races selected through convenience sampling in betting terminals. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis following the original scale's five factor structure indicated a good fit for the data. The analyses were carried out with 21 items due to relatively inadequate psychometric properties of two GRCS-T items. Correlational analyses and group comparison tests supported the concurrent and the criterion validity of the GRCS-T. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole scale was 0.84 whereas the coefficients ranged between 0.52 and 0.78 for the subscales of GRCS-T. The findings suggesting that GRCS-T is a valid and reliable instrument to identify gambling cognitions in Turkish samples are discussed considering the possible influence of the sample make-up and cultural texture within the limitations of the present study and in the light of the relevant literature. PMID:24146305

  5. A model linking sources of stress to approach and avoidance coping styles of Turkish basketball referees.

    PubMed

    Anshel, Mark Howard; Sutarso, Toto; Ekmekci, Ridvan; Saraswati, Intan W

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of this study was to externally validate and test a conceptual transient model involving six paths that linked sources of acute stress to avoidance and approach coping styles among Turkish basketball referees. The sample consisted of 125 Turkish basketball referees ranging in age from 18 to 36 years (mean = 25.58. ? = 3.69). The path analysis tested the relationships simultaneously from stressors, in consecutive order, distractions, subpar performance and verbal abuse, to coping styles, first both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive, and then approach-behaviour. Results indicated that the model achieved a good fit and that all paths tested simultaneously were significant. The distractions stressor was positively related to subpar performance, which, in turn, was positively related to verbal abuse. Verbal abuse was negatively associated with an avoidance-cognitive coping style and positively related to the approach-cognitive coping style. The results also supported a crossover effect of both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive on approach-behaviour. One implication of this study is that coping should be studied in naturally occurring stages, a process-oriented approach. Another implication is that approach and avoidance coping styles, each sub-divided into cognitive and behavioural categories, provide a meaningful framework which provides sports officials a coherent structure for learning and improving ways to cope with acute stress experienced during the contest. PMID:24015999

  6. Meat and masculinity among young Chinese, Turkish and Dutch adults in the Netherlands.

    PubMed

    Schösler, Hanna; de Boer, Joop; Boersema, Jan J; Aiking, Harry

    2015-06-01

    The achievement of sustainability and health objectives in Western countries requires a transition to a less meat-based diet. This article investigates whether the alleged link between meat consumption and particular framings of masculinity, which emphasize that 'real men' eat meat, may stand in the way of achieving these objectives. From a theoretical perspective, it was assumed that the meat-masculinity link is not invariant but dependent on the cultural context, including ethnicity. In order to examine the link in different contexts, we analyzed whether meat-related gender differences varied across ethnic groups, using samples of young second generation Chinese Dutch, Turkish Dutch and native Dutch adults (aged 18-35) in the Netherlands. The Turkish group was the most traditional; it showed the largest gender differences and the strongest meat-masculinity link. In contrast, the native group showed the smallest gender differences and the weakest meat-masculinity link. The findings suggest that the combination of traditional framings of masculinity and the Western type of food environment where meat is abundant and cheap is bound to seriously hamper a transition to a less meat-based diet. In contrast, less traditional framings of masculinity seem to contribute to more healthy food preferences with respect to meat. It was concluded that cultural factors related to gender and ethnic diversity can play harmful and beneficial roles for achieving sustainability and health objectives. PMID:25681291

  7. Low enriched uranium foil plate target for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mushtaq, A.; Iqbal, Masood; Bokhari, Ishtiaq Hussain; Mahmood, Tayyab

    2009-04-01

    Low enriched uranium foil (19.99% 235U) will be used as target material for the production of fission Molybdenum-99 in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1). LEU foil plate target proposed by University of Missouri Research Reactor (MURR) will be irradiated in PARR-1 for the production of 100Ci of Molybdenum-99 at the end of irradiation, which will be sufficient to prepare required 99Mo/ 99mTc generators at Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad (PINSTECH) and its supply in the country. Neutronic and thermal hydraulic analysis for the fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1 has been performed. Power levels in target foil plates and their corresponding irradiation time durations were initially determined by neutronic analysis to have the required neutron fluence. Finally, the thermal hydraulic analysis has been carried out for the proposed design of the target holder using LEU foil plates for fission Molybdenum-99 production at PARR-1. Data shows that LEU foil plate targets can be safely irradiated in PARR-1 for production of desired amount of fission Molybdenum-99.

  8. Eski Grek Dört Unsur Nazariyesi ve Türkçe Müzik Yazmalarinda Etkisi The doctrine of four elements in ancient Greece and its influence over Turkish musical writings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    The doctrine of four elements dated back from ancient Greeks exerted a strong influence over islamic music theory in the Middle Ages and then over turkish musical writings up to 18th century, in Ottoman period.

  9. Fast breeder reactors--1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Marshall; L. M. Davies

    1979-01-01

    These four lectures describe the development and construction of fast breeder reactors, their safety, the fuel cycle and the economics of the system. Lastly, the concerns are considered that have been expressed with regard to the introduction of fast breeder reactors on a commercial scale.

  10. Turkish Pre-Service Teachers` Perceived Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Knowledge about Using Expository Text as an Instructional Tool in Their Future Classroom Settings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kasim Yildirim; Seyit Ates

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine Turkish pre-service teachers` knowledge and perceived self-efficacy beliefs toward using expository text as an instructional tool in their future classroom settings. The research sample were 346 pre-service teachers who studied in different teacher preparation programs which included elementary classroom and middle content classrooms (for example, science, social studies and Turkish language arts)

  11. Westside Sõnav Kaygõsõ Ölçeinin Türkçe Formunun Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalõ?masõ The Validity and Reliability Study of The Turkish Version of Westside Test Anxiety Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarõk Totan; Yaar Yavuz

    The aim of this research is to adapt the Westside Test Anxiety Scale (Driscoll, 2007) to Turkish and examine its psychometric properties. The research conducted on 373 university students (girls n=263, 67,83%; men n= 120, 32,17%) Buca Educational Faculty of Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey. Language correspondence between English and Turkish for scale was investigated via bilingual group design. There was

  12. Stress and distress in migration: problems and resources of Turkish women in Denmark.

    PubMed

    Mirdal, G M

    1984-01-01

    Data collected through interviews with 72 Turkish female immigrants to Denmark show that migration and the inevitable confrontation with an unfamiliar cultural mileu, create several stress producing situations, which they are unable to cope due to their multiple disadvantage of being poor, uneducated, alien and female. Turkish women began arriving in Denmark after 1973, in order to join male members of their families, when Denmark began experiencing economic recession and rising unemployment. This was responsible for the lukewarm reception they faced in their host country, even from their own relatives. A feeling of uprootedness is common in these women, who, leaving behind the security of their their own society, are constantly exposed to behavior patterns that appear to be in sharp contrast to their own. An unfamiliarity with the implicit structure of the society and rules of conduct can be threatening. Having a job outside the home creates the double burden of working to earn a living and having to take full responsibility for children and the household. On the other hand, not having a job creates an excess of leisure time, due to the availability of time saving gadgets, which is spent indoors with no meanigful activities. Lack of mobility compounds the situation. While proximity to other Turks inbitits freedom for fear of criticism, staying away brings loneliness. Changing concepts of sex roles can be disruptive, especially when roles they are brought up to believe are theirs, are no longer needed. As accompanying wives, they are excessively dependent on their husbands, and are more isolated and overwoked than they would have been in their homeland. All these factors help render the women extremely powerless. The women interviewed attributed their complaints, physical or emotional, to their state as immigrants. Women's complaints, especially if they are psychological in nature, lead to the danger of the women being labelled mentally ill. Despite their general low status, these women seemed determined to solve their problems, and thus had strength and resources as well, arising out of, among other factors, the knowledge of Turkish girls that, because of their sex, they have to be prepared to make adjustments. PMID:12340241

  13. Identification of XRCC1 Arg399Gln and XRCC3 Thr241Met Polymorphisms in a Turkish Population and Their Association with the Risk of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

    PubMed

    Mutlu, Pelin; Elçi, Mualla P?nar; Y?ld?r?m, Murat; Nevruz, Oral; Çetin, Ahmet Türker; Avcu, Ferit

    2015-09-01

    DNA repair systems are essential for cellular functions. Defects due to sequence variations in DNA repair genes can lead severe failure of cell functions and causing many cancer types including leukemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between XRCC1 Arg399Gln and XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphisms and susceptibility to chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in Turkish patients. In addition, genotype distribution of these polymorphisms was compared with other populations. The frequencies of Arg399Gln and Thr241Met single nucleotide polymorphisms were studied in 25 CLL patients and 30 healthy individuals. Single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-RFLP method. The genotype and allele frequencies of Arg399Gln and Thr241Met polymorphisms were not statistically different between the CLL patients and control group. The allelic frequency similarities were found between Turkish and Brazilian populations for Arg399Gln polymorphism. On the other hand, similarities were found between Turkish and other Caucasian populations for Thr241Met polymorphism. Marked differences were observed between American African versus Turkish and Chinese versus Turkish populations for Arg399Gln and Thr241Met polymorphisms respectively. These results indicate that Arg399Gln and Thr241Met polymorphisms were not associated with the development of CLL in Turkish population and ethnic differences is one of the most important factor for allele frequency differences. PMID:26085717

  14. In vivo gastroprotective effects of five Turkish folk remedies against ethanol-induced lesions.

    PubMed

    Gürbüz, Ilhan; Ustün, Osman; Ye?ilada, Erdem; Sezik, Ekrem; Akyürek, Nalan

    2002-12-01

    Through evaluation of the data accumulated in Data Bank of Turkish Folk Remedies (TUHIB), five plant remedies, which are used to treat stomach ache were selected to test for their anti-ulcerogenic potency. In order to confirm the claimed activities, either decoction or methanol extracts were prepared from the roots of Asphodelus aestivus and Cichorium intybus, herbs of Equisetum palustre and Viscum album ssp. album and fruits of Laurus nobilis, according to their folkloric application way and tested for their effects on ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. Pharmacological experiments clearly demonstrated that the relevant extracts of all the plants given orally showed significant stomach protection against this model of ulcerogenesis. Results were further evaluated by using histopathological techniques. PMID:12426092

  15. Friendship, perceived mattering and happiness: a study of American and Turkish college students.

    PubMed

    Demir, Melik?ah; Ozen, Ayça; Do?an, Aysun

    2012-01-01

    Although it is well established that friendship is a consistent correlate of happiness, less is known about how friendship experiences might promote happiness. The current investigation addressed this gap by testing a mediational model proposing that perceived mattering explains the association of friendship quality with happiness among college students in Turkey and the United States. An alternative model suggesting friendship quality as the mediator was also tested to enhance confidence in the proposed model. SEM analyses revealed that perceived mattering mediated the association of friendship with happiness only in the American sample. In the Turkish sample, friendship quality mediated the association between mattering and happiness. Findings highlight the importance of cross-cultural research and suggest that the underlying processes and psychological mechanisms related to the friendship-happiness link might be different in different cultures. PMID:22931003

  16. From empire to democracy: effects of social progress on Turkish writers.

    PubMed

    Oral, Günseli; Kaufman, James C; Sexton, Janel D

    2004-05-01

    What is the effect of a society's culture on the creative writers living there? Few cultures have had such a event as Ataturk's 1920 revolution that changed Turkey from a monarchy ruled by sultans into a republic. How would such a dramatic shift in a country's history be reflected in the accomplishments and characteristics of its writers? In this study, the authors investigated 948 eminent Turkish writers. Variables of gender, era, type of writing, education level, profession, and winning an award were all analyzed. The type of writing (fiction, poetry, plays, or nonfiction) and the era in which the writing was produced were both predictive of whether an author won a literary award. Before 1920, fiction writers received more awards than poets; after 1920, poets received more awards. In addition, professional writers were more likely to win awards than were professional politicians. Reasons for these findings are discussed with an emphasis on cultural and historical influences. PMID:15264440

  17. Hamdi Suat-Hulusi Behçet: an affective trainee - tutor relationship from Turkish medical history.

    PubMed

    Satar, Gülay; Kadio?lu, Selim

    2011-01-01

    This article is about the trainee - tutor relationship between two eminent figures of Turkish medical history, namely Hamdi Suat Aknar (1873-1936) and Hulusi Behçet (1889-1948). Hamdi Suat Aknar was the pioneer of modern pathology in Turkey. Alongside his scientific achievements, he took educational activities seriously and exerted a great effort to train his students as proficient clinicians and physicians with good command of histology and histopathology. Hulusi Behçet met Hamdi Suat Aknar when he was a medical student and did not lose his contact with him ever since, even after becoming an internationally well-known scientist. Hulusi Behçet mentioned his tutor with gratitude at every opportunity and wrote a necrology full of sincerity after his death. PMID:21935865

  18. Perceptions and experiences after radical prostatectomy in Turkish men: a descriptive qualitative study.

    PubMed

    Iyigun, Emine; Ayhan, Hatice; Tastan, Sevinc

    2011-05-01

    Radical prostatectomy (RP) can significantly influence men's quality of life. Data from the Ministry of Health's Fight With Cancer Office Directorate in 2003 show that prostate cancer is third among the 10 most common types of cancer in men, with an incidence of 5.97% in the population. The objectives of this study were to define the experiences and perceptions of Turkish men who have undergone RP and to determine the views and suggestions of men who had undergone RP as to their discharge training content. Following the RP, urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED) negatively affect the daily life of men. It has been determined that men need support to deal with these problems they met. Being discharged without obtaining information from the health care staff regarding home catheter care and UI and ED management causes men to experience difficulties and find it difficult to cope when faced with these problems. PMID:20974065

  19. [Erionite-induced pleural plaques. Exposition to urban pollution in a female Turkish migrant in Germany].

    PubMed

    Gräsel, B; Kaya, A; Stahl, U; Rauber, K; Kuntz, C

    2008-06-01

    Erionite is a zeolite mineral of volcanic origin which contains no asbestos. It is found in different regions of the world, including southeast Turkey in ash and dust, from which it can cause inflammatory pleural plaques or malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). We report a female Turkish migrant exposed to urban pollution in her home country who decades later suffered from pleural plaques with a nonspecific chronic inflammatory disease. The differential diagnosis of inflammatory pleural plaques was assumed radiologically and confirmed by video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsy. Short-term clinical and radiologic control of the patient will be necessary because of the risk of MPM. For epidemiologic considerations discussed referring to current literature, a growing incidence of this type of disease in migrants from high-risk areas must be reckoned with in Germany, even without exposition to asbestos. PMID:18506411

  20. Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Y?lmaz-Tüzün, Özgül; Sadler, Troy D.

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific issues, three issues were related to gene therapy, another three were related to human cloning, and one was related to global warming. The data were analyzed using an interpretive qualitative research approach. The characteristic of informal reasoning was determined as multidimensional, and the patterns of informal reasoning emerged as rationalistic, emotive, and intuitive reasoning. The factors influencing informal reasoning were: personal experiences, social considerations, moral-ethical considerations, and technological concerns.

  1. Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti-Helicobacter pylori activity.

    PubMed

    Ye?ilada, E; Gürbüz, I; Shibata, H

    1999-09-01

    The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs and flowers of Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis, fruits of Momordica charantia, herbaceous parts of Sambucus ebulus, and flowering herbs of Hypericum perforatum were evaluated in this study. Results showed that all except one extract from six of these plants showed activity against the microorganism with MICs between 1.95 and 250 microg/ml, with S. junceum being the only inactive species. Amongst the active plants the inhibitory properties of C. laurifolius were found prominent. PMID:10473175

  2. Turkish meteor surveillance systems and network: Impact craters and meteorites database

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Unsalan, O.; Ozel, M. E.; Derman, I. E.; Terzioglu, Z.; Kaygisiz, E.; Temel, T.; Topoyan, D.; Solmaz, A.; Yilmaz Kocahan, O.; Esenoglu, H. H.; Emrahoglu, N.; Yilmaz, A.; Yalcinkaya, B. O.

    2014-07-01

    In our project, we aim toward constructing Turkish Meteor Surveillance Systems and Network in Turkey. For this goal, video observational systems from SonotaCo (Japan) were chosen. Meteors are going to be observed with the specific cameras, their orbits will be calculated by the software from SonotaCo, and the places where they will be falling / impacting will be examined by field trips. The collected meteorites will be investigated by IR-Raman Spectroscopic techniques and SEM-EDX analyses in order to setup a database. On the other hand, according to our Prime Ministry Ottoman Archives, there are huge amounts of reports of falls for the past centuries. In order to treat these data properly, it is obvious that processing systems should be constructed and developed.

  3. Lymphocyte DNA damage in Turkish asphalt workers detected by the comet assay.

    PubMed

    Bacaksiz, Aysegul; Kayaalti, Zeliha; Soylemez, Esma; Tutkun, Engin; Soylemezoglu, Tulin

    2014-01-01

    Asphalt has a highly complex structure and it contains several organic compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic compounds. In this study, comet assay was used to detect the DNA damage in blood lymphocytes of 30 workers exposed to asphalt fumes and 30 nonexposed controls. This is the first report on Turkish asphalt workers' investigated DNA damage using the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE). The DNA damage was evaluated by the percentage of DNA in the comet tail (% tail DNA) for each cell. According to our results, workers exposed to asphalt fumes had higher DNA damage than the control group (p?

  4. Liquefaction/solubilization of low-rank Turkish coals by white-rot fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium)

    SciTech Connect

    Elbeyli, I.Y.; Palantoken, A.; Piskin, S.; Kuzu, H.; Peksel, A. [Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul (Turkey). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    2006-08-15

    Microbial coal liquefaction/solubilization of three low-rank Turkish coals (Bursa-Kestelek, Kutahya-Seyitomer and Mugla-Yatagan lignite) was attempted by using a white-rot fungus (Phanerochaete chrysosporium DSM No. 6909); chemical compositions of the products were investigated. The lignite samples were oxidized by nitric acid under moderate conditions and then oxidized samples were placed on the agar medium of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. FTIR spectra of raw lignites, oxidized lignites and liquid products were recorded, and the acetone-soluble fractions of these samples were identified by GC-MS technique. Results show that the fungus affects the nitro and carboxyl/carbonyl groups in oxidized lignite sample, the liquid products obtained by microbial effects are the mixture of water-soluble compounds, and show limited organic solubility.

  5. Mitochondrial ATPase Subunit 6 and Cytochrome B Gene Variations in Obese Turkish Children

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Durkad?n; Türkkahraman, Do?a; Samur, An?l Akta?; Lüleci, Güven; Akçurin, Sema; M. Alper, Özgül

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Due to the importance of energy metabolism in mitochondria, mitochondrial genome variations are evaluated in energy-related diseases such as obesity. To date, several nuclear genes were found to be related to obesity. Our aim in this study was to investigate the presence of polymorphisms in mitochondrial ATPase subunit 6 (mt-ATP6) and cytochrome b (mt-CytB) genes that may be associated with childhood obesity. Methods: The mt-ATP6 and mt-CytB genes were amplified and entirely sequenced in a series of 100 obese and in an equal number of healthy Turkish children aged between 6-14 years. Results: A total of 118 synonymous and nonsynonymous variations were detected in the obese and control groups. Only two previously reported synonymous substitutions (mt.8614T>C and mt.8994G>A) in the mt-ATP6 gene were found to be significantly higher in the obese group compared to the control group (p<0.05). In the mt-ATP6 gene, one novel nonsynonymous substitution (mt.8726C>T) and one novel synonymous substitution (mt.9108A>T) were found. In the mt-CytB gene, one nonsynonymous substitution (mt.14880T>C) and two synonymous substitutions (mt.14891C>T and mt.15091C>T) were novel substitutions. Conclusion: Two synonymous substitutions (mt.8614T>C and mt.8994G>A) in the mt-ATP6 gene may be associated with childhood obesity. Our study provides the first data about mitochondrial genome variations in a Turkish obese population and also the first in obese children. More cases should be screened in obese groups in order to understand the effects of mitochondrial polymorphisms in the development of obesity. PMID:25541891

  6. Views of elementary and middle school Turkish students toward environmental issues

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William J.; Andersen, Hans O.

    2004-12-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward Environmental Issues Scale (ATEIS) was created and utilized. In total, the scale involved 30 distinct environmental issues. These environmental issues are emphasized in the current Turkish science education curriculum. A total of 458 students in grade 4-8 classrooms completed the scale. Rasch analysis results indicated that, in general, the students felt environmental problems should be confronted in Turkey. But when students were presented with a range of survey items stating that a particular environmental issue should take precedence over economic growth, it was often very difficult for students to agree. On the other hand, when students were simply presented a range of survey issues concerning environmental problems in Turkey, it was easy for them to agree with the presence (or importance) of these environmental issues in Turkey. Subsequent analysis suggested that the set of ATEIS survey items were understood and functioned in a similar measurement manner for male and female students, as well as elementary and middle school students. Results of ANOVA analyses indicated that recent high achievement in science courses resulted in more positive attitudes toward environmental issues. T-test analyses revealed that the older female students of this data set exhibited more support for environmental issues than did male students. Students with high family income, and those students living in urban areas, displayed more positive attitudes toward environmental issues than did students with low family income, and those living in suburban areas.

  7. Effect of Turkish propolis extracts on proteome of prostate cancer cell line

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Propolis is a natural, resinous hive product that has several pharmacological activities. Its composition varies depending on the vegetation, climate, season and environmental conditions of the area from where it was collected. Surface enhanced laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) is a proteomic approach which has been used in cancer proteomics studies. Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in men. It has shown that nutritional supplements rich in polyphenolic compounds such as propolis play a significant role in prostate cancer chemoprevention. The aim of this study is to evaluate if protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines could be differentiated when incubated with dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis. Results The antioxidant potentials of dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis were found in correlation with the amount of total phenolic compounds of them. Dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of propolis of 20 ?g/mL reduced the cell viability to 24.5% and 17.7%, respectively. Statistically significant discriminatory peaks between control PC-3 cells and dimethyl sulfoxide extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 5143, 8703, 12661, 20184 and 32794, detected by CM10 ProteinChip, and the peak at m/z 3772, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Between control PC-3 cells and water extract of propolis-treated PC-3 cells, statistically significant discriminatory peaks were found to be the proteomic features at m/z 15846, 16052 and 24658, detected by CM10 ProteinChip and the peaks at m/z 10348, 10899 and 11603, detected by Q10 ProteinChip. Conclusions It was concluded that dimethyl sulfoxide and water extracts of Turkish propolis may have anti-proliferative activity through differentiating protein expression profile in PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines along with their antioxidant capacity. PMID:22152088

  8. [Failure to return to industry, the primary feature of the sequence of Turkish migration].

    PubMed

    Abadan, N

    1972-01-01

    This article seeks to destroy the myth that the industrial experience of emigrated workers can be helpful in development efforts for the sending countries by supplying a highly qualified labor force. The extent and nature of unemployment in an underdeveloped country such as Turkey form the essential background. Insufficient demand for labor, oppressive living conditions for the unemployed, and the absence of hope for future improvement in employment conditions produce a high desire to work devoid of a specific job or career goals, tendencies which account for the willingness of workers to accept any kind of work as long as pay is adequate. Most Turkish migrant workers have been found to be oriented toward accumulating as much money as possible, not for use as a means of changing their structural situation or improving their employment qualifications, but as an end in itself. The hypothesis that polyannual migrants acquire new knowledge and ability to adapt to the mode of life of an industrial society, internalizing its structures, roles, and values, recieves little confirmation in the literature. A large proportion of Turkish migrants remain attached to preindustrial habits and preferences for work in a milieu that assures personal relationships. Few report in surveys that they learn significantly in their migrant jobs. Migrant workers who are only superficially familiar with industrial culture and who reject the mode of life of industrial society cannot be viewed as a force for change and innovation when they return. Migrant remittances are steadily increasing, but until the present, no structural changes have been made in Turkey to encourage their investment in productive enterprises. Personal or familial reasons, not desire to undertake new enterprises, are most often the cause of migrants' return; once they have done so, they aspire to new occupations in the tertiary sector rather than return to their earlier lines of employment. PMID:12265632

  9. Angular photogrammetric analysis of the soft tissue facial profile of Turkish adults.

    PubMed

    Malkoç, Siddik; Demir, Abdullah; Uysal, Tancan; Canbuldu, Naci

    2009-04-01

    One of the most important components of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is the evaluation of the patient's soft tissue profile. The aim of this study was to develop angular photogrammetric standards for Class I Anatolian Turkish males and females. A random sample of 100 Turkish individuals (46 males and 54 females; ages 19-25 years) was obtained. The photographic set-up consisted of a tripod that held a 35 mm camera and a primary flash. The camera was used in its manual position and photographic records were taken of the subjects in natural head posture. The photographic records, 35 mm slide format, were digitized and analyzed using the Quick Ceph Image software program for Windows. Twelve measurements were digitally analyzed on each photograph. For statistical evaluation a Student's t-test was performed and the reliability of the method was analyzed. The results were compared with reported norms of facial aesthetics. The nasofrontal (G-N-Prn), nasal (Cm-Sn/N-Prn), vertical nasal (N-Prn/TV), and nasal dorsum (N-Mn-Prn) angles showed statistically insignificant gender differences (P>0.05). The nasolabial angle (Cm-Sn-Ls) demonstrated large variability. Gender differences were present in the mentolabial (Li-Sm-Pg) and cervicomental (G-Pg/C-Me) angles. The mentolabial angle showed a high method error and large variability. Facial (G-Sn-Pg) and total facial (G-Prn-Pg) convexity angles were similar, while Cm-Sn-Ls angle range was larger compared with other angles. The mean values obtained from this sample can be used for comparison with records of subjects with the same characteristics and following the same photogrammetric technique. Angular photogrammetric profile analysis can provide the orthodontist with a way of determining problems associated with various soft tissue segments of the face. PMID:19064675

  10. Association of human leukocyte antigen class II alleles with pemphigus vulgaris in a Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Tunca, Mustafa; Musabak, Ugur; Sagkan, Rah?an Ilikci; Koc, Erol; Akar, Ahmet

    2010-03-01

    Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe autoimmune blistering skin disorder that is strongly associated with major histocompatibility complex class II alleles. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) subtypes vary with racial/ethnic backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of HLA class II alleles and haplotypes with PV in Turkish patients. Twenty-five patients with PV and 113 healthy transplant donors were genotyped for HLA class II alleles. HLA DNA typing was performed by the polymerase chain reaction/sequence specific primer method. The frequency of HLA DRB1*04 allele was 68.00% in patients compared to 30.97% in controls (P = 0.0012) and the frequency of HLA DRB1*14 allele was 32.00% in the patient group compared to 8.85% in the control group (P = 0.0054). Also, the frequency of HLA DRB1*04/DQB1*03 and HLA DRB1*14/DQB1*05 haplotypes in PV patients was significantly higher than controls (32.0% vs 6.2%, chi(2) = 28.142, P < 0.001; and 16% vs 2.7%, chi(2) = 15.143, P = 0.001, respectively). A preventive allele or haplotype for the manifestation of PV has not been identified in this study. Our findings suggest that HLA DRB1*04 and DRB1*14 alleles, and HLA DRB1*04/DQB1*03 and HLA DRB1*14/DQB1*05 haplotypes are genetic markers for general susceptibility to PV in the Turkish population. PMID:20507388

  11. Validation of a nurses' views on electronic medical record systems (EMR) questionnaire in Turkish health system.

    PubMed

    Top, Mehmet; Yilmaz, Ali; Karabulut, Erdem; Otieno, Ochieng George; Saylam, Melahat; Bak?r, Sevgi; Top, Sümbül

    2015-06-01

    Using of EMR in health services and organizations is steadily increasing for quality improvement, cost effectiveness and performance development. However, no validated national and international instruments (scale, questionnaire, index, and inventory) have assessed the effectiveness, satisfaction, health care savings, patient safety and cost minimization of electronic medical and health systems from the viewpoint and perceptions of nurses in Turkish health services. The perceptions of health care professionals especially physicians and nurses can contribute important information that may predict their acceptance of EMR and desired mode of use for EMR, evaluation performance of EMR thus guiding EMR implementation in hospitals. This article is a report of validation of the instrument to measure nurses' views on the use, quality and user satisfaction with EMR in Turkish health system. Items in the questionnaire were designed and obtained following O.G. Otieno, H. Toyama, M. Asonuma, M. Kanai-Pak, K. Naitoh's questionnaire about Use, Quality and User Satisfaction with EMR systems. Reliability and validity were examined and investigated in terms of responses from 487 nurses from one education hospital in Ankara, Turkey. This study was planned and conducted at a university hospital. The validation process was based on construct validity in this study. The response rate was 74.92%. Cronbach's alphas of three factors (use, quality and satisfaction of EMR) ranged from 0.78 to 0.94. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed a reasonable model fit. Results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that ?2 statistic indicated significant result (p?

  12. FORENSIC DNA BANKING LEGISLATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY CONCERNS REGARDING A DRAFT FROM TURKISH LEGISLATION1

    PubMed Central

    ?LG?L?, Önder; ARDA, Berna

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents and analyses, in terms of privacy and confidentiality, the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database prepared in 2004, and concerning the use of DNA analysis for forensic objectives and identity verification in Turkey. After a short introduction including related concepts, we evaluate the draft law and provide articles about confidentiality. The evaluation reminded us of some important topics at international level for the developing countries. As a result, the need for sophisticated legislations about DNA databases, for solutions to issues related to the education of employees, and the technological dependency to other countries emerged as main challenges in terms of confidentiality for the developing countries. As seen in the Turkish Draft Law on National DNA Database, the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms requires more care during the legislative efforts. PMID:25477772

  13. Appraisal of childhood fever by German and Turkish mothers in Germany--results of a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Langer, Thorsten; Pfeifer, Miriam; Sönmez, Aynur; Tarhan, Bilge; Ostermann, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    The cultural background of patients and parents is increasingly recognized as a relevant influence on health behavior. This study was conducted to test the validity and reliability of a questionnaire to investigate fever concepts among German and Turkish mothers living in Germany and to develop hypotheses on important correlations between cultural background and specific perceptions, explanations, fears, and measures taken when confronted with fever. We conducted 50 face-to-face interviews with Turkish and German mothers and 40 re-interviews by telephone. Validity of items was tested by discussion of videotaped interviews, cognitive interviewing and problem coding. To determine the reliability of items, Cohen's kappa was calculated. We found good results for validity and moderate to excellent results for reliability. The results of this pilot study indicate a relevant influence of the cultural background on the perception, explanation and treatment of childhood fever by mothers. However, a larger sample is required to adjust for educational and socioeconomic status. PMID:21434531

  14. Proteolytical, Chemical, Textural and Sensorial Changes During the Ripening of Turkish White Cheese Made of Pasteurized Cows' Milk

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali Topçu; Ilbilge Saldamli

    2006-01-01

    Turkish White Cheese (TWC), manufactured from pasteurized cows' milk, was ripened over 90 days at 4°C, and proteolytical, chemical, textural, and sensorial changes were investigated. The main compositional characteristics of TWC are low content of total solids (TS) (39.80–41.75 g\\/100 g of cheese), high content of fat (49.12–49.91 g\\/100 g of TS) and salt (8.69–9.35 g\\/100 g of TS). The

  15. Exploring the quality of the mathematical tasks in the new Turkish elementary school mathematics curriculum guidebook: the case of algebra

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Behiye UbuzAyhan; Ayhan Kür?at Erba?; Bülent Çetinkaya; Meriç Özgeldi

    2010-01-01

    To take its due place in the world of education, Turkey has been through serious reform initiatives in the curriculums of\\u000a various school subjects since 2003. The new Turkish elementary school curriculum was prepared considering the research studies\\u000a conducted in Turkey and in other countries, as well as the educational systems of developed countries and previous experiences\\u000a with mathematics education

  16. Differential Effects Between Group Counselling and Group Guidance in Conducting a ‘Coping with Stress Training Program’ for Turkish University Students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Sibel Türküm

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating differential effects between group counselling and group guidance in conducting a ‘Coping\\u000a with Stress Training Program’ for 24 Turkish university students. The dependent variables were coping with stress, irrational\\u000a beliefs and optimism. A 3??2 design (treatment sequence by repeated measures) was applied. As a result of the treatment no\\u000a significant difference was observed between the

  17. Stressors Related to Immigration and Migration Background in Turkish Patients with Psychiatric Disorder: Validity of a Short Questionnaire (MIGSTR10)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthias Johannes Müller; Eckhardt Koch

    The validity of a brief 10-item instrument for the assessment of stressors potentially related to migration and migration\\u000a background (MIGSTR10) was evaluated in a retrospective analysis. To show convergent and discriminant validity, MIGSTR10 scores\\u000a and general psychosocial stressors derived from DSM-IV axis IV (DSMSTR9) were compared between a randomly selected group of\\u000a 30 inpatients with Turkish migration background (MIG) and

  18. Review of the neotectonics of the Eastern Turkish–Armenian Plateau by geomorphic analysis of digital elevation model imagery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Damien Dhont; Jean Chorowicz

    2006-01-01

    Digital elevation model (DEM) images provide synoptic views of the Earth’s surface allowing the analysis of landforms of still\\u000a active tectonic and volcanic structures at regional scale. A DEM at 250 m pixel size constitutes regional scale data particularly\\u000a efficient to investigate the late Miocene–Quaternary deformation of the Eastern Turkish–Armenian Plateau in the Arabian–Eurasian\\u000a area of convergence. Geomorphic analysis of the

  19. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Turkish breast\\/ovarian families and young breast cancer patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H Yazici; O Bitisik; E Akisik; N Cabioglu; P Saip; M Muslumanoglu; G Glendon; E Bengisu; S Ozbilen; M Dincer; S Turkmen; I L Andrulis; N Dalay; H Ozcelik

    2000-01-01

    To date, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in breast and\\/or ovarian patients have not been characterized in the Turkish population. We investigated the presence of BRCA mutations in 53 individuals with a personal and family history of breast and\\/or ovarian cancer, and 52 individuals with a personal history of breast cancer diagnosed below age 50 without additional family history. We have

  20. Inhibitory effects of Turkish folk remedies on inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1 ?, interleukin-1 ? and tumor necrosis factor ?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdem Ye?ilada; Osman Üstün; Ekrem Sezik; Yoshihisa Takaishi; Yukihisa Ono; Gisho Honda

    1997-01-01

    In this study, in vitro inhibitory effects of 55 extracts or fractions obtained from 10 plant species on interleukin-1 (IL-1?, IL-1?) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-?) biosynthesis were studied. The following plant materials from Turkish folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases which are thought to be inflammatory in nature e.g. rheumatism, fever, infections, edemas or related inflammatory diseases

  1. Effects of the Original Versus Revised Bloom's Taxonomy on Lesson Planning Skills: A Turkish Study Among Pre-Service Teachers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nilay T. Bümen

    2007-01-01

    The original taxonomy of educational objectives, developed by Benjamin S.?Bloom and his associates in the 1950s, was revised\\u000a several decades later by a group of educationists and cognitive psychologists, who developed a revised taxonomy (RT). This\\u000a article describes a Turkish study carried out among a group of pre-service teachers in order to compare the influence of the\\u000a two systems on

  2. Effect of usage Urtica dioica L. on microbiological properties of sucuk, a Turkish dry-fermented sausage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. ? Aksu; M Kaya

    2004-01-01

    The effect of dried-ground Urtica dioica L. on microbiological characteristics of Turkish dry-fermented sausage (sucuk) were investigated. Dried-ground Urtica dioica L. was added to sucuk batters by the rate of 0%, 1%, 3% and 5%, and microbiological analysis were made on the 0, 3, 7, 10 and 14 days of ripening period.According to the results, both the level of Urtica

  3. City-forming propensities in a central place hierarchy: Application of Beckmann-Mcpherson model to the Turkish urban system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Servet Mutlu

    1986-01-01

    The paper analyzes the city-forming propensities, the service factors, in the Turkish central place hierarchy at the regional and national levels. It is built on the premise posited by Christaller that a functional relationship exists between the population of a central place and its complementary area. Following Beckmann and McPherson and utilizing data from a countrywide survey, city-forming propensities are

  4. Quantification of crystalline (mineral) matter in some Turkish coals using interactive Rietveld-based X-ray diffractometry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suphi Ural

    2007-01-01

    Quantitative X-ray diffractometry using a Rietveld-based computational method (SIROQUANT™) has been carried out for a series of coal samples from the various Turkish mines. Standard proximate and ultimate analyses were carried out. Chemical compositions of the high-temperature ash (HTA) of coal samples were determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry technique. Crystalline (mineral) matter and amorphous content of raw coal samples

  5. An exploratory study of characteristics and attributes of Turkish entrepreneurs: A cross-country comparison to Irish entrepreneurs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mehmet Turan; Ali Kara

    2007-01-01

    There has been limited research on entrepreneurship in Turkey. Given the fact that globalization has rapidly been increasing,\\u000a that foreign direct investment is spreading throughout the world, and that more and more foreign investors are seeking partners\\u000a in emergent markets such as Turkey. One important reason for the interest in Turkish entrepreneurs is because they have many\\u000a characteristics that are

  6. Gender Differences in the Relationship of ENPP1/PC-1 Variants to Obesity in a Turkish Population

    PubMed Central

    Tanyolaç, Sinan; Mahley, Robert W.; Hodoglugil, U?ur; Goldfine, Ira D.

    2015-01-01

    The ectoenzyme ENPP1 (also termed membrane glycoprotein PC-1 or ENPP1/PC-1) is an inhibitor of insulin-induced activation of the insulin receptor. There is evidence from previous studies that coding variants of ENPP1/PC-1 (K121Q) are associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity. Studies in the general Turkish population have demonstrated: unique plasma lipid characteristics; a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors; and an increased prevalence of obesity and T2D. We investigated, therefore, the association of ENPP1/PC-1 variants with obesity and T2D in Turkish individuals. The TaqMan allelic discrimination assay was used for genotyping the relationship of ENPP1/PC-1 variants to obesity and T2D in a genetic association study of 1553 genotyped, randomly selected subjects from the Turkish Heart Study. The K121Q (rs1044498) variant, and other previously reported variants (rs997509, rs1799774, rs1044548, rs11964389, rs7754561) were analyzed. In this cohort, the minor allele frequency of the K121Q variant was associated with obesity in male, but not female, subjects (male, OR 1.64, CI%95 1.004-2.698, p = 0.048; female, OR 1.003, CI%95 0.684-1.471, p=ns.). In addition, the previously reported ENPP1/PC-1 “risk haplotype” [Q (rs1044498), delT (rs1799774), and G (rs7754561) alleles] was found to be associated with obesity in male, but not female, subjects (p = 0.035). In contrast, there was no association of either the K121Q variant or the ENPP1/PC-1 haplotype with T2D. We find evidence that variants of ENPP1/PC-1 are associated with obesity in the male Turkish population and thus these variants may contribute to the development of the obesity in these individuals. PMID:18719658

  7. The R110C mutation in Notch3 causes variable clinical features in two Turkish families with CADASIL syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. O. Uyguner; A. Siva; H. Kayserili; S. Saip; A. Alt?nta?; M. Y. Apak; S. Albayram; N. I??k; G. Akman-Demir; M. Ta?yürekli; B. Öz; B. Wollnik

    2006-01-01

    Mutations in Notch3 gene are responsible for the cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). It is a late onset neurological disorder recognized by recurrent strokes and dementia. We describe here the clinical and molecular findings of three unrelated Turkish families with CADASIL syndrome. Two of the families were identified to have the same mutation, p.R110C (c.C328T),

  8. Utilization of natural antioxidants: Green tea extract and Thymbra spicata oil in Turkish dry-fermented sausage

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hüseyin Bozkurt

    2006-01-01

    Effect of natural (green tea extract, Thymbra spicata oil) and synthetic antioxidants (buthylatedhydroxytoluene, BHT) on the safety (biogenic amine and TBARS values) and quality (pH, colour and sensory attributes) of sucuk (Turkish dry-fermented sausage) were investigated during the ripening periods. Addition of antioxidants decreased (P<0.05) the TBARS values. It was found that natural antioxidants decreased TBARS formation more than BHT.

  9. Turkish Hamlets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sava? Arslan

    2008-01-01

    In modern Turkey, Hamlet is a freely adaptable text, a source for multiple translations conveying the complexities of modernization and Westernization in republican Turkey. Its translators include Halide Edip Ad?var, a female republican activist of the 1920s; Orhan Burian, a magazine editor and writer of the 1940s; Suut Kemal Yetkin, a republican literary essayist and art historian of the 1940s;

  10. Frequency of the Methylenetetrahydrofolate REDUCTASE 677CT and 1298AC mutations in an Iranian Turkish female population

    PubMed Central

    BAGHERI, Morteza; ABDI RAD, Isa

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Gene-environmental interactions in the pathway of folate metabolism influence greatly the embryonic development. Individual specific MTHFR 677C/T and 1298A/C mutations are known as risk factors for predisposition to human disorders. Therefore, we studied the frequencies of the MTHFR 677CT and 1298AC mutations in a female general population from Iranian Azeri Turkish. Material and methods: We studied 108 unrelated women from Iranian Azeri Turkish general population. Genomic DNA was extracted using standard procedure. The MTHFR 677CT and 1298AC mutations determined by PCR-RFLP method. Outcomes: The frequencies (percent) at position 677 for C and T alleles were 159(74%), 57(26%), and for CC, CT, and TT genotypes were 59(54.6%), 41(38%), and 8(7.41%) respectively. The frequencies (percent) at position 1298 for A and C alleles were 136(63%), 80(37%), and for AA, AC, and CC genotypes were 43(39.8%), 50(46.3%), and 15(13.9%) respectively. Conclusions: The frequency of MTHFR 677 C and T alleles were 0.74 and 0.26 while that of MTHFR 1298 A and C alleles were 0.63 and 0.37 in present study, respectively. This is the first report in its own kind in Iranian Azeri Turkish women. PMID:21977149

  11. Contraceptive use in Flanders (Belgium): A comparison between a general population sample and a Turkish ethnic minority sample.

    PubMed

    Elaut, Els; Buysse, Ann; Caen, Maya; Vandamme, Joke; Vermeire, Katrien; T'Sjoen, Guy

    2015-08-01

    Objectives To identify contraceptive profiles, and factors affecting these, among women of childbearing age, living in Flanders. Methods The prevalence of knowledge and use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) and contraceptive use is assessed in two samples from the SEXPERT-survey 'Sexual health in Flanders': (i) a population-based sample (n = 724); and (ii) a probability sample of respondents of Turkish descent (n = 216). Results Knowledge, but not use, of the ECP is significantly lower among women from the ethnic minority sample, even after correction for income and educational background. A lower educational level is associated with less knowledge of the ECP in both samples. In the general population sample, 16% of sexually active women of childbearing age are at risk of an unplanned pregnancy, compared to 14% of their peers of Turkish origin. These rates are comparable, even after controlling for the different socio-economic status (income and educational level) in both samples. Conclusions Contraceptive profiles of sexually active women of Turkish descent residing in Flanders are mostly similar to those of their counterparts in the general population. Further research is required to develop strategies to improve ECP-knowledge among women with lower educational achievements. PMID:25712536

  12. Association between osteoporosis and polymorphisms of the IL-10 and TGF-beta genes in Turkish postmenopausal women.

    PubMed

    Tural, Sengul; Alayli, Gamze; Kara, Nurten; Tander, Berna; Bilgici, Ayhan; Kuru, Omer

    2013-09-01

    Osteoporosis is a multifactorial disease in which genetic determinants are modulated by hormonal, environmental and nutritional factors. The balance between bone resorption and bone formation seems to be regulated by a variety of growth factors and cytokines. An important clinical risk factor in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis is the presence of genetic polymorphisms in susceptibility genes. In this study, we investigated the association between osteoporosis and interleukin 10 (IL-10) -597 C > A and transforming growth factor ?1 (TGF-?1) T869C (also named Leu10 > Pro) polymorphisms in Turkish postmenopausal women. Genomic DNA obtained from 255 individuals (152 osteoporotic and 103 healthy controls). The DNA sample was isolated from peripheral bloods by salting-out method and analyzed by the techniques of PCR-RFLP. Genotype and allele frequencies were calculated and data were analyzed using the ?(2) test. We found a statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to IL-10 genotype distribution (p = 0.001) and allele frequencies (p < 0.0002). However, we did not found any difference between the groups with regarding TGF-?1 genotype distribution and allele frequencies (p > 0.05). In the combined genotype analysis, IL-10/TGF-?1 CCCC combine genotype was also estimated risk factor for osteoporosis in Turkish postmenopausal women (p = 0.026). To our knowledge, this is the first report to examine IL-10 gene -597 C > A polymorphism and osteoporosis in Turkish population. PMID:23583365

  13. Tuesday 27 May 14:30 Turkish: History of the Middle East in the Age of Empire. Monday 09 June 09:30 Arabic Unprepared Translation into English and Comprehension.

    E-print Network

    Oxford, University of

    ): Korean History and Culture. Persian II: Prose Composition and Unprepared Translation (as 2nd Language). Persian: Prose Composition and Unprepared Translation. Turkish (as 2nd language): Turkish Prose including prepared translation (1st Language Akkadian). Japanese Special Texts II (Essays): Classical

  14. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    PubMed Central

    Ayranci, Unal; Son, Nazan; Son, Osman

    2005-01-01

    Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2) test, t test and percent (%) ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women). Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p < 0.05). The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%)', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%)', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%)'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4%) reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%), magazines/newspapers (41.5%) and internet websites (37.3%) were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively). Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7) (p < 0.001). Users and nonusers of NVNM supplements differed significantly according to sex, age, Body Mass Index (BMI) values, types of school, mother and fathers' education levels, family income, most permanent place of residence up to the time of survey, smoking status, and participating in sports. Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements. PMID:15904512

  15. Clinimetric properties of the Turkish translation of a modified neck disability index

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Neck pain is a common problem that can greatly affect a person's activities of daily living. Functional status questionnaires are important in assessing this effect, and are used to follow up neck pain management programs. The Neck Disability Index (NDI) is the first-created scale for neck pain-related disability and is widely translated and in common used in many countries. Our aim is investigate to clinometric properties of a Turkish version of modified NDI and to give a choice in daily practise of versions to be used. Methods The modified NDI was applied to 30 patients for reliability. 185 patients participated in the validity study. All patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of our department. The scale was translated by the forward and backward translation procedure according to the COSMIN criteria. The test was repeated at 48 hours interval for reliability study. SPSS-10.0, software was used for statistical analyses. The Intraclass correlation coefficient was used for the test- retest reliability of the modified NDI. Cronbach ? was used for internal consistency. Factor analysis was used for construct validity. The validity of the modified NDI with respect to the SF-36, HAD, VAS pain, VAS disability was assessed using Spearman correlations. Results The Intraclass correlation coefficient between first and second (within 48 hours) evaluation of test (rs) was 0.92. Questions 1,4,6,8,10 were shown to have excellent reliability. (rs > 0.9). Question 10 was the most frequently challenged question because "recreational and social activities" do not have not the same meanings in Turkey than in western countries. This required that detailed explanations be provided by the investigators. Cronbach's alpha for the total index was 0.88. A single factor accounting for 80.2% of the variance was obtained. Validity studies demonstrated good and moderate correlations (rs) among NDI, HAD, VAS, physical function subtitle of SF 36 (0.62, 0.76, 0.68). Conclusions The modified NDI-Turkish version is a reliable and valid test and is suitable for daily practise. PMID:22353546

  16. Psychometric evaluation of the Turkish version of the Zarit Burden Interview in family caregivers of inpatients in medical and surgical clinics.

    PubMed

    Ozer, Nadiye; Yurtta?, Afife; Akyil, Rah?an Çevik

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to adapt the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) to family caregivers of inpatients in medical and surgical clinics to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version. The study design was descriptive and methodological. A total of 223 family caregivers providing care to patients for at least 1 week in clinics were selected through convenience sampling. Data were collected using the Turkish translation of the ZBI. The psychometric testing of the adapted instrument was carried out to establish internal consistency, interitem correlation, and construct validity. The content validity procedure resulted in a final scale comprising 18 items. Cronbach's alpha was .82. Factor analysis yielded one factor. The Turkish version of the ZBI adapted to the clinics can be used as a one-factor tool. PMID:22228779

  17. A standardized set of 260 pictures for Turkish: norms of name and image agreement, age of acquisition, visual complexity, and conceptual familiarity.

    PubMed

    Raman, Ilhan; Raman, Evren; Mertan, Biran

    2014-06-01

    In the present study, normative data in Turkish are presented for the 260 color versions of the original Snodgrass and Vanderwart (1980) picture set for the first time. Norms are reported for name and image agreement, age of acquisition (AoA), visual complexity, and conceptual familiarity, together with written word frequency, and numbers of letters and syllables. We collected data from 277 native Turkish adults in a variety of tasks. The results indicated that, whilst several measures displayed language-specific variation, we also reported what seem to be language-independent-that is, universal-measures that show a systematic relationship across several languages. The implications of the reported measures in the domain of psycholinguistic research in Turkish and for wider cross-linguistic comparisons are discussed. PMID:23943583

  18. Ecosystem Structure Changes in the Turkish Seas as a Response to Overfishing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gazihan Akoglu, Ayse; Salihoglu, Baris; Akoglu, Ekin; Kideys, Ahmet E.

    2013-04-01

    Human population in Turkey has grown more than five-fold since its establishment in 1923 and more than 73 million people are currently living in the country. Turkey is surrounded by partially connected seas (the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea) each of which has significantly different productivity levels and ecosystem characteristics. Increasing human population with its growing socio-economic needs has generated an intensive fishing pressure on the fish stocks in its exclusive economic zone. Fishing grounds in the surrounding seas were exploited with different fishing intensities depending upon their productivity level and catch rates. Hence, the responses of these different ecosystems to overfishing have been realized differently. In this study, changes of the ecosystem structures in the Turkish Seas were comparatively investigated by ecosystem indices such as Marine Trophic Index (MTI), Fishing in Balance (FiB) and Primary Production Required (PPR) to assess the degree of sustainability of the fish stocks for future generations.

  19. Single-step purification of peroxidase by 4-aminobenzohydrazide from Turkish blackradish and Turnip roots.

    PubMed

    Kalin, Ramazan; Atasever, Ali; Özdemir, Hasan

    2014-05-01

    Peroxidases (PODs) were purified from the Turkish blackradish (Raphanus sativus L.) (TBR) and Turnip (Brassica rapa L.) using a simple and effective single-step method. An affinity resin was synthesised by coupling the 4-aminobenzohydrazide ligand and the l-tyrosine spacer-arm to CNBr-activated-Sepharose-4B. The purification factors for the TBR-POD and the Turnip-POD were 40.3-fold (with a yield of 10.6%) and 269.3-fold (with a yield of 9%), respectively. The molecular masses of the TBR-POD and Turnip-POD were approximately 67.3 and 65.8kDa, respectively. For guaiacol, the Km and Vmax values were calculated as 24.88mM and 3.23EU/mL, respectively for TBR-POD and as 4.09mM and 0.797EU/mL for the Turnip-POD. For H2O2, the Km and Vmax values were calculated as 3.247mM and 0.799EU/mL, respectively for TBR-POD, and as 12.49mM and 4.055EU/mL, respectively for the Turnip-POD. Furthermore, 4-aminobenzohydrazide was determined to be a non-competitive inhibitor of TBR-POD and Turnip-POD. PMID:24360459

  20. Origin and abundance of marine litter along sandy beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast.

    PubMed

    Topçu, Eda N; Tonay, Arda M; Dede, Ayhan; Öztürk, Ayaka A; Öztürk, Bayram

    2013-04-01

    Beach debris abundance was estimated from surveys on 10 beaches of the Turkish Western Black Sea Coast. Debris was collected from 20 m long transects during four different seasons; sorted and categorized by type, usage and origin. Litter density varied from 0.085 to 5.058 items m(-2). Debris was mainly composed of unidentifiable small size (2-7 cm) plastic pieces and beverage-related litter such as bottles and bottle caps. About half of the labeled litter was of foreign origin, including 25 different countries, 23% of which are in the Black Sea region. The south-western Black Sea Coast seems to receive foreign litter from two main sources: land-based debris from the neighboring countries and seaborne debris due to international shipping. Standardized methodology and indicators need to be designated all over the Black Sea basin in order to quantify and qualify coastal litter pollution, monitor compliance with MARPOL and develop regionally effective mitigation measures. PMID:23290790

  1. Prevalence and drug resistance of mycobacteria in Turkish cystic fibrosis patients

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Isolation of mycobacteria in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is increasingly being reported. Because of having long term antimicrobial treatment, CF patients are at risk of pulmonary infection with especially resistant nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) strains. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of mycobacterium spp. and antimicrobial susceptibility in Turkish CF patients. Methods During a 5.5 year study period, 376 sputa from 130 CF patients were analyzed. Antimycobacterial susceptibility testing was performed by the Bactec 460 TB System and the E test method. Results Totaly 28 (7.44%) Mycobacterium spp. were isolated from eight (6.15%) CF patients. Five isolates (17.9%) were identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), 14 (50%) as Mycobacterium abscessus and nine (32.1%) as Mycobacterium lentiflavum. All MTBC isolates were found to be susceptible to streptomycin, isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol. Resistance to some antibiotics was detected in some NTM strains. These are the first data about the prevalence of mycobacteria in CF patients from Turkey. Conclusions In pediatric CF patients, specific mycobacterial analysis of sputum specimens and susceptibility testing should be performed for allowing early detection, identification and the possibility of eradication of these bacteria. PMID:25123237

  2. An investigation of Turkish honeys: their physico-chemical properties, antioxidant capacities and phenolic profiles.

    PubMed

    Can, Zehra; Yildiz, Oktay; Sahin, Huseyin; Turumtay, Emine Akyuz; Silici, Sibel; Kolayli, Sevgi

    2015-08-01

    This study investigated some physico-chemical and biochemical characteristics of different honey types belonging to Turkish flora. Sixty-two honey samples were examined on the basis of pollen analyses, including 11 unifloral honeys (chestnut, heather, chaste tree, rhododendron, common eryngo, lavender, Jerusalem tea, astragalus, clover and acacia), two different honeydew honeys (lime and oak), and 7 different multifloral honeys. Electrical conductivity, moisture, Hunter color values, HMF, proline, diastase number, and sugar analyses of the honey samples were assessed for chemical characterization. Some phenolic components were analyzed by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) to determine honeys' phenolic profiles. Total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids, ferric reducing antioxidant capacity (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity were measured as antioxidant determinants. The study results confirm that physico-chemical and biological characteristics of honeys are closely related to their floral sources, and that dark-colored honeys such as oak, chestnut and heather, have a high therapeutic potential. PMID:25766810

  3. Growth reference centiles and secular changes in Turkish children and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Ozer, Ba?ak Koca

    2007-07-01

    The purpose of the study is to develop current reference growth centiles for Turkish children and adolescents. A cross-sectional growth survey was conducted on 1.427 (709 boys and 718 girls) healthy schoolchildren aged 6-17 years in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey. As an indicator of socio-economic status, the occupation of the parents was recorded. Growth references of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), sitting height, iliospinal height, relative iliospinal height and relative sitting height were constructed by the LMS method. Sex differences, association of parental occupation with height and BMI standard deviation scores were assessed by analyses of variance. Results showed significant sexual dimorphism for height, weight, sitting height and iliospinal height (p<0.001). Significant effect of socio-economic background was found on height and BMI. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was found using the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) reference criteria 22.4% and 5.6% in boys and 21.2% and 3% in girls. Present results demonstrated an increment during the last three decades in height, leg length and weight curves which is more prominent in boys, but not in the sitting height. This positive secular change appears to be a logical outcome of the gradual changes in nutrition, health care and education, and environmental and economic conditions. PMID:17475574

  4. Malignant mesothelioma due to environmental exposure to erionite: follow-up of a Turkish emigrant cohort.

    PubMed

    Metintas, M; Hillerdal, G; Metintas, S

    1999-03-01

    The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is extremely high in some Turkish villages where there is a low-level environmental exposure to erionite, a fibrous zeolite. The best known example is the village of Karain. However, since epidemiological studies are difficult to perform in Turkey, the incidence and the dose-response curve have not been thoroughly examined. A small cohort of immigrants from Karain who have lived in Sweden for many years were studied. Exposure data, i.e. the time residing in Karain, and hospital records including pathological diagnosis, were recorded. The cohort consisted of 162 people. During the observation time, 18 deaths occurred, 14 (78%) of which were due to malignant pleural mesothelioma. In addition, there were five patients with mesothelioma who were still alive, one of whom had a peritoneal mesothelioma. Thus, the risk of mesothelioma is 135-times and 1,336-times greater in males and females, respectively, than for the same sex and age groups in Sweden. The risk increased with duration of residence. PMID:10232420

  5. Can CA-125 Predict Lymph Node Metastasis in Epithelial Ovarian Cancers in Turkish Population?

    PubMed Central

    Köro?lu, Nadiye; Y?ld?r?m, Gökhan; Ülker, Volkan; Gülk?l?k, Ahmet; Dansuk, Ramazan

    2014-01-01

    Objective. The role of single preoperative serum CA-125 levels in predicting pelvic or paraaortic lymph node metastasis in patients operated for epithelial ovarian cancer has been investigated. Methods. 176 patients diagnosed with epithelial ovarian carcinoma after staging laparotomy between January 2002 and May 2010 were evaluated retrospectively. Results. The mean, geometric mean, and median of preoperative serum CA-125 levels were 632,6, 200,29, and 191,5?U/mL, respectively. The cut-off value predicting lymph node metastases in the ROC curve was 71,92?U/mL, which is significant in logistic regression analysis (P = 0.005). The preoperative log CA-125 levels were also statistically significant in predicting lymph node metastasis in logistic regression analysis (P = 0.008). Conclusions. The tumor marker CA-125, which increases with grade independent of the effect of stage in EOC, is predictive of lymph node metastasis with a high rate of false positivity in Turkish population. The high false positive rate may obscure the predictive value of CA-125. PMID:24795494

  6. Determination and Assessment of the Turkish Gravimetric Geoid Model of 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yildiz, H.; Sezen, E.; Direnç, A.; Simav, M.; Türkezer, A.

    2013-12-01

    A new gravimetric geoid model for Turkey (TG13) is determined combining a GRACE/GOCE based global geopotential model, GOCO03S, terrestrial land gravity measurements and an altimetry-derived marine gravity model, DTU10. For the gravimetric geoid determination, the Least Squares Modification of Stokes' Formula technique is implemented with a Residual Terrain Modeling based gridding of free air gravity anomalies. For the assessment, TG13 geoid heights are compared with 3590 GNSS/levelling geoid heights whose ellipsoidal heights above GRS80 and Helmert orthometric heights above Turkish Vertical Control Network (TUDKA) are known. The standard deviation of the differences is 15.3 cm in contrast to the 18 cm for EGM08. If the middle-to-long wavelength errors of the GNSS/levelling geoid undulations are estimated using GOCO03S up to degree and order 180 and removed before the comparison, the standard deviation of the differences between the TG13 and GNSS/levelling geoid undulations drops to 9.2 cm, indicating an improvement of about 40%. Furthermore, TG13 is compared in relative sense at 10 tide gauges connected with each other through TUDKA in terms of explaining the mean sea level differences between tide gauges. Results show that TG13 can successfully reproduce the higher level of the Black Sea relative to the Mediterranean Sea.

  7. Use of New Media by Turkish Fans in Sport Communication: Facebook and Twitter

    PubMed Central

    Özsoy, Selami

    2011-01-01

    This research examines the use of Facebook and Twitter, two social networks, for sportive reasons in Turkey. To this end, the literature was surveyed and a 5 Likert type data collection tool consisting of 21 questions was developed by the researcher based on the expert views. The sample of the research included 460 sport fans who are college students at Abant ?zzet Baysal University and Sakarya University. It was found in the research that 91.7% of the participants had a profile on Facebook and 13.3% had a profile on Twitter. The rate of opening an account on Twitter, which still has no version in Turkish language, was low. It was found that the fans mostly followed the official site of their favorite team on Facebook, got informed about the sports activities through Facebook and learned news, which they did not hear from other sources. It was also ascertained that male fans used social networks for sportive reasons more than female fans did (p<.05). It is possible to state that social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have become a rapidly-developing alternative medium in sports against traditional media such as newspaper and television. PMID:23487565

  8. Determination of Mould and Aflatoxin Contamination in Tarhana, a Turkish Fermented Food

    PubMed Central

    Colak, Hilal; Hampikyan, Hamparsun; Bingol, Enver Baris; Cetin, Omer; Akhan, Meryem; Turgay, Sumeyre Ipek

    2012-01-01

    Tarhana is a popular traditional Turkish cereal-based fermented food product mainly produced at home or at home-scale level. Some certain mould species can grow even at low moisture and pH values and produce aflatoxins in food. This study was conducted to determine aflatoksin levels in tarhana. For this purpose, a total of 138 tarhana powder samples were collected from bazaars in Istanbul and analyzed for aflatoxins, mould contamination, and some physco-chemical parameters. As a result, 32 out of 138 tarhana samples (23.2%) were found to be contaminated with aflatoxins in the range of 0.7–16.8??g/kg, whereas 29 samples contained Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) ranging from 0.2–13.2??g/kg. All samples (100%) contaminated with moulds in the range of 1.4 × 101?–5.8 × 107cfu/g. The average pH, moisture and aw results were detected as 3.82, 12.71%, and 0.695, respectively. PMID:22623886

  9. Determination of Dietary Status as a Risk Factor of Cardiovascular Heart Disease in Turkish Elderly People.

    PubMed

    Keser, Alev; Yabanci Ayhan, Nurcan; Bilgiç, Pelin; Tayfur, Muhittin; ?Im?ek, I?il

    2015-01-01

    This study was performed to determine the status of diet as a risk factor of cardiovascular heart disease in a group of Turkish elderly people. We performed a cross-sectional study using the data of voluntary participants aged between 65-74 years old. Participants completed 3-day diet records. Of participants, 64.1% of the men and 62.2% of the women reported their daily dietary fat intake as being > 30% of total energy (p > .05). More than 20% of these elderly respondents' daily intakes of vitamin E, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate were found to be under the recommended values. As a result, the total fat intake of these elderly people was found to be high; while their intake of fiber and vitamin B6, vitamin B12 were found to be low, compared to American Heart Association recommendations. In conclusion, it is recommended that developing sufficient and balanced diets may decrease cardiovascular risk factors. PMID:25603127

  10. Effects of internal displacement and resettlement on the mental health of Turkish children and adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Erol, Ne?e; ?im?ek, Zeynep; Öner, Özgür; Munir, Kerim

    2011-01-01

    Aims To evaluate the effects of internal displacement and resettlement within Turkey on the emotional and behavioral profile of children, age 5–18 after controlling for possible confounding and demographic variables. Method We conducted a national population survey using a self-weighted, equal probability sample. We compared the CBCL, TRF and YSR responses regarding children with (n = 1644) and without (n = 1855) experience of internal displacement. We examined the effects of gender, age, paternal employment, resettlement, urban residence and physical illness. Results The children and adolescents with internal displacement had significantly higher internalizing, externalizing and total problem scores on the CBCL and YSR, and higher internalizing scores on the TRF. The effect of displacement was related to higher internalizing problems when factors like physical illness, child age, child gender and urban residence were accounted. The overall effect was small explaining only 0.1–1.5% of the total variance by parent reports, and not evident by teacher reports. Discussion To our knowledge the present study is the first to examine Turkish children and adolescents with and without experience of internal displacement. The results are consistent with previous immigration studies: child age, gender, presence of physical illness and urban residence were more important predictors of internalization and externalization problem scores irrespective of informant source. PMID:15797700

  11. Biological screening of some Turkish medicinal plant extracts for antimicrobial and toxicity activities.

    PubMed

    Turker, A U; Usta, C

    2008-01-20

    Screening of antibacterial activity and toxicity of 22 aqueous plant extracts from 17 Turkish plants was conducted. Antibacterial activity was performed with six bacteria including Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Extracts of Tussilago farfara leaves, Helichyrsum plicatum flowers, Solanum dulcamara aerial parts and Urtica dioica leaves gave the best inhibitory activity against S. pyogenes, S. aureus and S. epidermidis. Of the 22 plant extracts, 20 extracts displayed toxicity (LC50 was <1000 mg L(-1)) in the brine shrimp bioassay. For radish seed bioassay, two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with a comparison between two concentrations (50,000 mg L(-1) and 10,000 mg L(-1)). At low concentration (10,000 mg L(-1)), S. dulcamara aerial parts and Primula vulgaris leaf extracts were observed to inhibit the root length more than the other plant extracts. Also, the most inhibitive plant extract for seed germination was obtained with S. dulcamara aerial parts. PMID:18075897

  12. Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity assessment of plants used as remedy in Turkish folk medicine.

    PubMed

    Erdemoglu, Nurgun; Küpeli, Esra; Ye?ilada, Erdem

    2003-11-01

    Ethanolic and aqueous extracts from seven plant species used in Turkish traditional medicine were evaluated for in vivo anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activities; Helleborus orientalis Lam. roots and herbs, Juglans regia L. leaves, Laurocerasus officinalis Roemer leaves, Nerium oleander L. dried and fresh flowers and leaves, Rhododendron ponticum L. leaves, Rubus hirtus Walds. et Kit aerial parts and Rubus sanctus Schreber aerial parts and roots. All the plant extracts, except the aqueous extract of Rubus hirtus, were shown to possess significant antinociceptive activity in varying degrees against p-benzoquinone-induced abdominal contractions in mice. However, only the ethanolic extracts of Helleborus orientalis roots, Juglans regia leaves, Laurocerasus officinalis leaves, Nerium oleander dried and fresh flowers, and Rhododendron ponticum leaves exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced hind paw edema model in mice without inducing any gastric damage. Results of the present study confirmed the folkloric claim that all the selected materials to possess potent antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity. PMID:14522443

  13. Preliminary Findings of ? -Actinin-3 Gene Distribution in Elite Turkish Wind Surfers.

    PubMed

    Ulucan, K; Göle, S; Altindas, N; Güney, Ai

    2013-06-01

    A common polymorphism in the ? -actinin-3 ( ACTN3 R577X) gene represents one of the most widely examined variations in terms of performance and genetic predisposition to certain sports. The aim of the present study was to examine the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in elite Turkish wind surfers. The genotyping procedure was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Five male and three female wind surfers, eight elite wind surfers in total, were enrolled in the study. Five of the surfers had RX, two had XX and one had RR genotypes. Previous findings indicated that the X allele was the endurance allele. Our findings were in agreement with the previous reports. Seven of our subjects had at least one copy of the X allele that was considered to have a tendency to prolong endurance. Our preliminary results must be supported with further studies in greater numbers of subjects to clarify the effect of gene polymorphism. PMID:24265587

  14. Preliminary Findings of ? -Actinin-3 Gene Distribution in Elite Turkish Wind Surfers

    PubMed Central

    Ulucan, K; Göle, S; Altindas, N; Güney, AI

    A common polymorphism in the ? -actinin-3 ( ACTN3 R577X) gene represents one of the most widely examined variations in terms of performance and genetic predisposition to certain sports. The aim of the present study was to examine the ACTN3 R577X polymorphism in elite Turkish wind surfers. The genotyping procedure was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Five male and three female wind surfers, eight elite wind surfers in total, were enrolled in the study. Five of the surfers had RX, two had XX and one had RR genotypes. Previous findings indicated that the X allele was the endurance allele. Our findings were in agreement with the previous reports. Seven of our subjects had at least one copy of the X allele that was considered to have a tendency to prolong endurance. Our preliminary results must be supported with further studies in greater numbers of subjects to clarify the effect of gene polymorphism. PMID:24265587

  15. Fast scanning of illegal oil discharges for forensic identification: a case study of Turkish coasts.

    PubMed

    Telli Karakoç, Fatma; Atabay, Hakan; Tolun, Leyla; Kuzyaka, Ersan

    2015-04-01

    Increasing marine traffic, over 55,000 ships visit per year, through the Turkish Straits System and the Sea of Marmara, produces a yearly average of 12 illegal oil discharges. This paper documents the comparison of chemical fingerprints of spilled oil with suspected sources of oils for identifying the source of illegal pollution in Turkey's seas. Fingerprinting is initiated by comparison of the synchronous fluorescence spectra (?=20 or 15 nm) of fugitive and suspected source oils. Potential matches of the spectra/chromatogram are confirmed or rejected by subsequent comparison of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography with a flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) analysis results. In this study, 39 clean sea waters, 41 polluted sea waters and 111 suspected samples were analysed. According to the comparison of the suspected source sample and polluted sea water sample spectra by using spectrofluorometric analysis, 76 suspected source samples were categorised as non-match whilst 35 suspected samples were classified as match or probable match. Then, match and probable match samples were analysed by using further selected chromatographic methods. Finally, 28 suspected source samples were confirmed as a match, enabling legal proceedings to be initiated. PMID:25810085

  16. [Group psychotherapy for Turkish patients with a translator--a report with comments of the first, constituting session].

    PubMed

    Röder, F; Hersfeld, B

    1995-07-01

    The needs of insufficiently treated Turkish patients motivated to offer a group-psychotherapy in cooperation with an interpreter. Only on a trickful way his expenses could be paid by the health insurance. While the plan for such a group was made, it was estimated just as a second-rate escape for such patients. But already during the course of the first group-session a therapeutic concept developed which overcame barriers of language and culture. So this experiment turned out to be an important step for developing suitable therapeutic structures for migrants. PMID:7675902

  17. A GIS based decision support system for estimation, visualization and analysis of air pollution for large Turkish cities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elbir, Tolga

    A decision support system has been developed to support local authorities in air quality management for big Turkish cities. The system is based on CALPUFF dispersion model, digital maps and related databases to estimate the emissions and spatial distribution of air pollutants. It applies a geographical information system. The system estimates ambient air pollution levels at high temporal and spatial resolutions. The system enables mapping of emissions and air quality levels. Mapping and scenario results can be compared with air quality limits. Impact assessment of air pollution abatement measures can also be carried out.

  18. Comparison of Chosen Physical Fitness Characteristics of Turkish Professional Basketball Players by Division and Playing Position

    PubMed Central

    Köklü, Yusuf; Alemdaro?lu, Utku; Koçak, Fatma Ünver; Erol, A. Emre; F?nd?ko?lu, Gülin

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare chosen physical fitness characteristics of Turkish professional basketball players in different divisions (first and second division) and playing positions. Forty-five professional male basketball players (14 guards, 15 forwards, 16 centers) participated in this study voluntarily. For each player, anthropometric measurements were performed, as well as a multi-stage 20 m shuttle run, isokinetic leg strength, squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), 10–30 meter single-sprint and T-drill agility tests. The differences in terms of division were evaluated by independent t-test and the differences by playing position were evaluated by one-way ANOVA with Post Hoc Tukey test. First division players’ CMJ measurements were significantly higher than those of second division players’ (p?0.05), whereas second division players’ 10 m sprint times were significantly better than those of first division players’ (p?0.05). In addition, forwards and centers were significantly taller than guards. Centers were significantly heavier and their T-drill test performances were inferior to those of forwards and guards (p?0.05). Moreover, guards had a significantly higher maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) than centers. Guards and forwards showed significantly better performance in the 10 and 30 m sprint tests than centers (p?0.05). Forwards and centers had significantly better left leg flexor strength at 180°.s?1(p?0.05). In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that physical performance of professional basketball players differed among guards, forwards and centers, whereas there were not significant differences between first and second division players. According to the present study, court positions have different demands and physical attributes which are specific to each playing position in professional basketball players. Therefore, these results suggest that coaches should tailor fitness programs according to specific positions on the court. PMID:23486863

  19. Turkish Straits System and Southern Black Sea: Exchange. Mixing and Shelf / Canyon Interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Özsoy, Emin; Gürses, Özgür; Tutsak, Ersin

    2015-04-01

    Based largely on an experiment employing high-resolution measurements carried out in June-July 2013 and re-interpretation of past experiments, the oceanographic variability of the exchange through the Turkish Straits System (TSS) and the interactions with the southern Black Sea are revealed through CTD, ADCP, oxygen and light transmission measurements. The exchange flow is primarily governed by the complex topography spanning two narrow straits, wide continental shelf regions, steep slopes and numerous canyons connecting deep basins. Water properties and currents in the high energy environment depends on the mosaic of fine-scale processes and pathways. The TSS, often approximated as a two-layer system has a hydraulically controlled, upper ocean and straits intensified regime, leading to surface jets and bottom plumes participating in mixing and renewal processes. The exit of the 'Mediterranean effluent' onto the Black Sea past a sill overflow from the Bosphorus passes through two subsequent hydraulic jumps and proceeds along a narrow canyon that veers to the west clear of the greater Bosphorus Canyon finally cascading down the few small canyons. A diffusive spread from the bottom vein of salty water reforms to the east and spills down the Bosphorus Canyon. The suspended particulate signature of the cascade, as well as its influence in hydrography is traced over the shelf and slope waters and through the numerous canyons into deep water where the reformed flow is found to sustain signatures of the past evolution of intrusive waters. An evaluation of the processes is given with reference to model development carried out in parallel to the analyses of the measurements.

  20. The fate of abstracts presented at Turkish national radiology congresses in 2010–2012

    PubMed Central

    Beker-Acay, Mehtap; Fidan, Nurdan; Unlu, Ebru; Katirag, Ahmet; Ulker, Huseyin; Acay, Akif; Yucel, Aylin

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE This study aims to evaluate the analysis and publication rates of abstracts presented at the Turkish National Radiology meetings in 2010–2012. METHODS Abstracts presented in the national radiology meetings of 2010, 2011, and 2012 were included in the study. The presentations were classified according to presentation type (oral or poster presentations), study type, study design, imaged organ or body systems, imaging modalities, time interval between the presentation and the publication date, and the journal in which the article was published. The conversion rate of presentations into full-text articles in peer-reviewed journals were surveyed through PubMed. The time from presentation in the meetings to publication was determined. The distribution of journals was also demonstrated. RESULTS The total number of presentations submitted in three national radiology meetings was 3,192. The publication rate was 11% for the 2010 meeting, 8.2% for the 2011 meeting, and 9.6% for the 2012 meeting. A total of 300 papers were published, with an average of 15 months (range, 0–42 months) between presentation and final publication. The first three refereed international journals with the most number of papers derived from these meetings were Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Clinical Imaging, and European Journal of Radiology. CONCLUSION The overall publication rate of scientific abstracts from Turkey was lower than those from overseas countries. Encouraging the authors to conduct higher-quality research would raise the publication rate as well as improve the quality and success of our scientific meetings. PMID:26133322

  1. Efficacy of sorafenib in advanced differentiated and medullary thyroid cancer: experience in a Turkish population

    PubMed Central

    Benekli, Mustafa; Yalcin, Suayib; Ozkan, Metin; Elkiran, Emin Tamer; Sevinc, Alper; Cabuk, Devrim; Coskun, Hasan Senol; Oksuzoglu, Berna; Bayar, Banu; Akbulat, Akif; Ozet, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Background Antivascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been used recently in the treatment of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Off-label sorafenib is used in Turkey with special permission by the Ministry of Health for this indication. Patients and methods Patients with advanced DTC and MTC were retrospectively identified from the Turkish Ministry of Health database. Data on these patients were prospectively collected before permission is granted to use sorafenib. Results Thirty patients with complete data were analyzed: 14 DTC (papillary number [n] =10; follicular n=4) and 16 MTC. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range: 28–79 years), and there were 18 males and 12 females. All DTC patients were iodine refractory and had received a median three doses of radioactive iodine (range: 1–7 doses). Sorafenib was used for a median of 12 months (range: 1–49 months). The overall response rate was 20%, all partial responses, with no complete response. The overall response rate was 14% in DTC and 25% in MTC patients. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.3–26.8) and overall survival (OS) was not reached. The 2-year PFS and OS were 39% and 68%, respectively. DTC and MTC patients had similar survival outcomes: median PFS of 21.3 months (95% CI: 5.8–36.7) versus 14.5 months (95% CI: 3.7–25.2), respectively (P=0.36), with the median OS not reached in either group (P=0.17). Tumor marker levels did not have any prognostic or predictive role. The toxicity profile was similar to that of other sorafenib trials. Conclusion Sorafenib is an effective and well-tolerated treatment in advanced thyroid cancers. PMID:25548522

  2. The Adiponectin variants contribute to the genetic background of type 2 diabetes in Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Arikoglu, Hilal; Ozdemir, Hulya; Kaya, Dudu Erkoc; Ipekci, Suleyman Hilmi; Arslan, Ahmet; Kayis, Seyit Ali; Gonen, Mustafa Sait

    2014-01-15

    Adiponectin, an adipose tissue specific protein encoded by the Adiponectin gene, modulates insulin sensitivity and plays an important role in regulating energy homeostasis. Many studies have shown that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Adiponectin gene are associated with low plasma Adiponectin levels, insulin resistance and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of the Adiponectin gene polymorphisms in genetic background of type 2 diabetes in a Turkish population. In total, 169 unrelated and non-obese diabetic patients and 119 age- and BMI-matched nondiabetic individuals with no family history of diabetes were enrolled in this study. We detected a significant association between type 2 diabetes and two SNPs: SNP ?11391G N A, which is located in the promoter region of the Adiponectin gene, and SNP +276G N T, which is found in intron 2 of the gene (P b 0.05). The silence SNP G15G (+45TN G) in exon 1 and SNP+349ANG in intron 2 also showed a weak association with type 2 diabetes (P=0.06 and P=0.07, respectively),while SNPs?3971ANG in intron 1 and Y111H, R112C and H241P in exon 3 showed no association (P N 0.05). In conclusion, these findings suggest that Adiponectin gene polymorphisms might be effective on susceptibility for type 2 diabetes development which emerged from the interactions between multiple genes, variants and environmental factors. PMID:24404592

  3. The Adiponectin Variants Contribute to the Genetic Background of Type 2 Diabetes in Turkish Population.

    PubMed

    Arikoglu, Hilal; Ozdemir, Hulya; Kaya, Dudu Erkoc; Ipekci, Suleyman Hilmi; Arslan, Ahmet; Kayis, Seyit Ali; Gonen, Mustafa Sait

    2013-10-26

    Adiponectin, an adipose tissue specific protein encoded by the Adiponectin gene, modulates insulin sensitivity and plays an important role in regulating energy homeostasis. Many studies have shown that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Adiponectin gene are associated with low plasma adiponectin levels, insulin resistance and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of the Adiponectin gene polymorphisms in genetic background of type 2 diabetes in a Turkish population. In total, 169 unrelated and non-obese diabetic patients and 119 age- and BMI-matched non-diabetic individuals with no family history of diabetes were enrolled in this study. We detected a significant association between type 2 diabetes and two SNPs: SNP -11391G>A, which is located in the promoter region of the Adiponectin gene, and SNP +276G>T, which is found in intron 2 of the gene (P<0.05). The silence SNP G15G (+45T>G) in exon 1 and SNP +349A>G in intron 2 also showed a weak association with type 2 diabetes (P=0.06 and P=0.07, respectively), while SNPs -3971A>G in intron 1 and Y111H, R112C and H241P in exon 3 showed no association (P>0.05). In conclusion, these findings suggest that Adiponectin gene polymorphisms might be effective on susceptibility for type 2 diabetes development which emerged from the interactions between multiple genes, variants and environmental factors. PMID:24513330

  4. Association of cytokine gene polymorphisms in CWP and its severity in Turkish coal workers

    SciTech Connect

    Ates, I.; Suzen, H.S.; Yucesoy, B.; Tekin, I.O.; Karakaya, A. [Ankara University, Ankara (Turkey)

    2008-10-15

    Cytokines appear to play a key role in some inflammatory reactions affecting the interactions among pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms that result in several diseases such as coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). In this study, to determine the cytokine gene profiles of Turkish coal miners, we performed genotyping analysis to investigate the polymorphisms of CWP-related pro-inflammatory (TNFA, IL1A, IL1B, and IL6) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1RN and TGFB1). Genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique. TNFA (-238) gene polymorphism principally affected CWP development and severity (OR=3.47: 95% CI, 1.12-10.77 and OR=4.30: 95% CI, 1.25-14.74, respectively) and also risk of CWP (OR=3.79: 95% CI, 1.37-10.46). The TNFA (-308) variant was associated with a risk for the CWP severity (OR = 2.84: 95% CI, 1.08-7.39). A protective effect of IL6 was found on the development (OR = 0.48: 95% CI, 0.21-0.93) and severity of CWP (OR = 0.37: 95% CI, 0.15-0.91). We suggest that TNFA (-238) variant may be a risk factor in both development and the severity, of CWP while TNFA (-308) variant seems to be important only in disease severity On the other hand, IL6 variant may have a protective effect on the development and disease severity.

  5. Hydrodynamics and hydraulics of exchange flows in the long sea straits: Turkish Straits case study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanarska, Yu.; Maderich, V.; Zervakis, V.

    2003-04-01

    Exchange flows in which fluids of differing densities move in opposing directions through a channel are of interest in geophysical hydrodynamics. The flows in the Gibraltar Strait, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles are well-known examples. In this paper, we consider the exchange dynamics in long straits focusing on the role of strait topography, friction, mixing and non-hydrostatic effects. A two-layer hydraulic model with friction (Maderich, 2002) as well as a 3D nonhydrostatic model (Kanarska and Maderich, 2002) are applied to the problem. The latter model is a non-hydrostatic extension of the free-surface primitive equation POM model. A mode splitting technique, using decomposition of pressure and velocity fields into hydrostatic and non-hydrostatic components and sequential calculation of these components are the bases of numerical algorithm of the model. Both models are tested against laboratory experiments by Maderich (2000) on exchange flow through a long and narrow strait with sill or contraction and are applied to the modelling of water exchange through the Turkish straits. The hydraulic model, coupled with 1D models of adjacent seas, was used for the simulation of the exchange between the Black and Aegean seas in 1970-1999. The circulation in the Strait of Dardanelles for summer period is investigated by the 3D model to clarify the role of mixing in the exchange. The calculated 3D fields of currents, density, turbulence intensity and dissipation showed effects of intensive mixing at the zone of the Nara Passage. Contrary to previous studies the composite Froude number remains subcritical throughout the whole strait. It is concluded that mixing can play a crucial role in limiting the exchange through the Dardanelles at least in some periods of the year. More detailed future field studies and simulations are necessary to understand processes in the Nara Passage area.

  6. Anti-HLA antibody profile of Turkish patients with end-stage renal disease.

    PubMed

    Karahan, G E; Seyhun, Y; Oguz, F; Kekik, C; Onal, E; Caliskan, Y; Bakkaloglu, H; Yazici, H; Turkmen, A; Aydin, A E; Sever, M S; Eldegez, U; Carin, M N

    2009-11-01

    Exposure to human leukocyte antigens (HLA) via blood transfusions, pregnancies, and previous transplantations can result in anti-HLA antibody production. The presence of anti-HLA antibodies in recipient sera before transplantation is an important risk factor. To demonstrate the anti-HLA antibody status of Turkish end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, 674 patients (mean age, 40.35 +/- 13.15 years; female/male, 328/346) were enrolled into the study. Anti-HLA antibody screening and identification tests were performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The panel-reactive antibody (PRA)-negative group consisted of 564 (83.6%) and the PRA-positive group consisted of 110 (17.3%) patients. Of the 110 (17.3%) PRA-positive patients, 43 (6.4%) were class I (+) and class II (-); 19 (2.8%) were class I (-) and class II (+); 48 (7.1%) were both class I and II (+). The most frequent antibodies were directed against the A2 crossreactive group (CREG) and the A10 CREG with less frequent reactions against the B7 CREG, indicating antibodies to both frequent (members of A2 CREG) and relatively rare (members of A10 CREG and B7 CREG antigens). These data also suggested that some antibodies occur at greater than expected frequency because of shared epitopes. Our findings confirmed the significant correlation between female gender, pregnancy, failed graft history, long dialysis duration, and blood transfusions with PRA positivity (P < .05). PMID:19917361

  7. Oral Health Attitudes and Behavior among a Group of Turkish Dental Students

    PubMed Central

    Peker, Ilkay; Alkurt, Meryem Toraman

    2009-01-01

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-reported oral health attitude and behavior among a group of Turkish dental students and to compare differences in oral health attitudes between years of study and gender. Methods This study included 267 (153 female, 114 male) dental students. A modified English version of Hiroshima University Dental-Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) which consists of twenty-eight dichotomous responses (yes-no) was used. Results Totally 141 preclinical (1, 2 and 3rd years of study) and 126 clinical students (4 and 5th years of study) who were mean age of 21.16 participated in the study. Statistically significant differences were found between years of study for brushing each of teeth carefully, cleaning the teeth well without using toothpaste, using a toothbrush which has hard bristles and for having had their dentist tell that they brush very well. There were statistically significant differences between females and males for using a toothbrush which has hard bristles and using tooth floss regularly. Statistically significant differences were found for brushing each of the teeth carefully and using mouth wash on regular basis between smokers and non-smokers. Conclusions This study confirmed that oral and dental health behavior and attitudes and also their knowledge about oral and dental health care of dental students improved with increasing level of education while oral and dental health care of female students were better than males and oral and dental health care of non-smokers were better than smokers. PMID:19262728

  8. Human papillomavirus vaccines and cervical cancer: awareness, knowledge, and risk perception among Turkish undergraduate students.

    PubMed

    Rathfisch, Gülay; Güngör, ?lkay; Uzun, Ece; Keskin, Özlem; Tencere, Zeliha

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness, knowledge, and risk perception about human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer, and HPV vaccines among undergraduate students in Turkey. The convenience sample of this descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 605 undergraduate students in Istanbul University during a semester. Demographic characteristics of students, their reproductive health and lifestyle behaviors, and knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccine were questioned using self-administered forms. The overall proportion of students who had heard about HPV infection was 48.8%, while the proportion of students who had heard of the HPV vaccine was 44.5%. Forty eight percent of females and 60% of males reported never having heard of the HPV. Only 45.7% of females had knowledge about HPV as a cause of genital warts, and 58.1% correctly indicated that HPV caused cervical cancer. The majority of students in both genders (>80%) knew that the infection is primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse. Females were more concerned than males about having cervical/penile cancer associated with HPV in the future. Only 46.4% of females and 39% of males reported having heard of the HPV vaccine. The majority of the female and male students did not know who should get the HPV vaccine and when to get vaccinated. Among males, 25.8% reported that they would consider getting vaccinated (if available) and 38.4% intended to vaccinate their children. Turkish undergraduate students had a low to moderate level of knowledge regarding HPV infection and HPV vaccine. In order to increase awareness about HPV and develop positive behaviors, young people should be provided with accurate information through educational activities in the community and health care services. PMID:24989817

  9. Turkish validity and reliability study of the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report.

    PubMed

    Tarakç?o?lu, Mahmut C; Çak?n Memik, Nursu; Olgun, Nesligül N; Aydemir, Ömer; Weiss, Margaret D

    2015-06-01

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is seen frequently in childhood and leads to marked impairment in functioning. There is no scale in Turkey with documented validity and reliability that assesses ADHD-specific functional impairment (FI). This study aimed at adapting the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report (WFIRS-P), which assesses ADHD-related FI, for use in Turkey, and examining psychometric aspects of the scale. The study included 250 children diagnosed with ADHD and 250 healthy children and their parents. Internal consistency and test-retest methods were used to test the reliability of the scale. Validity was tested with exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and convergent and discriminant validity analyses. Since all six questions of the WFIRS-P were scored 0, analyses were conducted for the original scale questionnaire consisting of 50 items and the questionnaire consisting of 44 items where the six questions scored 0 were not included. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.93 for the whole scale. The Spearman's correlation coefficient was 0.93 for test-retest reliability. The exploratory factor analysis run on the 44-item questionnaire showed that the scale items were best represented in a 7-factor structure, but some items were placed in different subdomains than those of the original scale. In the confirmatory factor analysis, the root mean square error of approximation was 0.061, and the comparative fit index was 0.95 for the whole model. Therefore, the Turkish WFIRS-P is valid and reliable in testing functional impairment in children with ADHD. PMID:25428590

  10. Comparison of chosen physical fitness characteristics of Turkish professional basketball players by division and playing position.

    PubMed

    Köklü, Yusuf; Alemdaro?lu, Utku; Koçak, Fatma Ünver; Erol, A Emre; F?nd?ko?lu, Gülin

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare chosen physical fitness characteristics of Turkish professional basketball players in different divisions (first and second division) and playing positions. Forty-five professional male basketball players (14 guards, 15 forwards, 16 centers) participated in this study voluntarily. For each player, anthropometric measurements were performed, as well as a multi-stage 20 m shuttle run, isokinetic leg strength, squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), 10-30 meter single-sprint and T-drill agility tests. The differences in terms of division were evaluated by independent t-test and the differences by playing position were evaluated by one-way ANOVA with Post Hoc Tukey test. First division players' CMJ measurements were significantly higher than those of second division players' (p?0.05), whereas second division players' 10 m sprint times were significantly better than those of first division players' (p?0.05). In addition, forwards and centers were significantly taller than guards. Centers were significantly heavier and their T-drill test performances were inferior to those of forwards and guards (p?0.05). Moreover, guards had a significantly higher maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) than centers. Guards and forwards showed significantly better performance in the 10 and 30 m sprint tests than centers (p?0.05). Forwards and centers had significantly better left leg flexor strength at 180°.s(-1)(p?0.05). In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that physical performance of professional basketball players differed among guards, forwards and centers, whereas there were not significant differences between first and second division players. According to the present study, court positions have different demands and physical attributes which are specific to each playing position in professional basketball players. Therefore, these results suggest that coaches should tailor fitness programs according to specific positions on the court. PMID:23486863

  11. How medical students use the computer and Internet at a Turkish military medical school.

    PubMed

    Kir, Tayfun; Ogur, Recai; Kilic, Selim; Tekbas, Omer Faruk; Hasde, Metin

    2004-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine how medical students use the computer and World Wide Web at a Turkish military medical school and to discuss characteristics related to this computer use. The study was conducted in 2003 in the Department of Public Health at the Gulhane Military Medical School in Ankara, Turkey. A survey developed by the authors was distributed to 508 students, after pretest. Responses were analyzed statistically by using a computer. Most of the students (86.4%) could access a computer and the Internet and all of the computers that were used by students had Internet connections, and a small group (8.9%) had owned their own computers. One-half of the students use notes provided by attending stuff and textbooks as assistant resources for their studies. The most common usage of computers was connecting to the Internet (91.9%), and the most common use of the Internet was e-mail communication (81.6%). The most preferred site category for daily visit was newspaper sites (62.8%). Approximately 44.1% of students visited medical sites when they were surfing. Also, there was a negative correlation between school performance and the time spent for computer and Internet use (-0.056 and -0.034, respectively). It was observed that medical students used the computer and Internet essentially for nonmedical purposes. To encourage students to use the computer and Internet for medical purposes, tutors should use the computer and Internet during their teaching activities, and software companies should produce assistant applications for medical students. Also, medical schools should build interactive World Wide Web sites, e-mail groups, discussion boards, and study areas for medical students. PMID:15646190

  12. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-06-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

  13. Relationship between blood pressure levels and bone mineral density in postmenopausal Turkish women

    PubMed Central

    Yazici, Selma; Yazici, Mehmet; Korkmaz, Ugur; Engin Erkan, Melih; Erdem Baki, Ali; Erden, Ismail; Ozhan, Hakan; Atao?lu, Safinaz

    2011-01-01

    Introduction We investigated the association between bone mineral density (BMD) detected by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometric (DXA) method and blood pressure (BP) in a large sample of postmenopausal women. Material and methods The current study was based on a retrospective analysis of 586 postmenopausal women with a mean age of 60.8 ±8.8 years, who were screened for osteopenia or osteoporosis by DXA. Patients with hypertension (HT, n= 306) were compared with normotensive (NT, n = 290) individuals. Bone mineral density results for the femur neck and spine were classified into 3 groups according to World Health Organization criteria: normal (T score > –1.0 SD), osteopenia (T score –1.0 to –2.5 SD) and osteoporosis (T score < –2.5 SD). Patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis (T score < –1.0 SD) were grouped as having low bone mass (LBM). Results There were no significant differences in femur T score, femur BMD, femur Z score, spinal T score, spinal BMD and spinal Z score between hypertensive and normotensive groups. The group of patients with low bone mass calculated from femur T scores had higher age, systolic BP, duration of hypertension and duration of menopause, but lower BMI. Similarly, patients with low spine BMD had higher age and duration of menopause, but lower BMI. Linear regression analysis showed a significant correlation between systolic BP and femur BMD and T score values. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis revealed that hypertension is an independent predictor of spinal osteopenia and osteoporosis. Conclusions The presence of hypertension is an independent predictor of spinal low bone density in Turkish women after menopause. PMID:22291766

  14. The Effect of Combining Analogy-Based Simulation and Laboratory Activities on Turkish Elementary School Students' Understanding of Simple Electric Circuits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unlu, Zeynep Koyunlu; Dokme, Ibilge

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of both analogy-based simulation and laboratory activities as a teaching tool was more effective than utilizing them separately in teaching the concepts of simple electricity. The quasi-experimental design that involved 66 seventh grade students from urban Turkish elementary…

  15. Turkish Pre-Service Teachers' Perceived Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Knowledge about Using Expository Text as an Instructional Tool in Their Future Classroom Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildirim, Kasim; Ates, Seyit

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine Turkish pre-service teachers' knowledge and perceived self-efficacy beliefs toward using expository text as an instructional tool in their future classroom settings. The research sample were 346 pre-service teachers who studied in different teacher preparation programs which included elementary classroom and…

  16. What Did the New Social Studies Program Change in Upper Primary Level Social Studies Education in Turkish Schools? An Assessment from Teachers' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Incekara, Suleyman

    2010-01-01

    The Turkish education system has undergone radical changes since 2004 in all educational curricula, including social studies at the primary and secondary levels. Today, almost six years after its inception, an assessment is needed as to whether the reforms of 2004 affected beneficial changes in the social studies program. If not, it is important…

  17. The globalization of digital technologies and lgbt identities: The Turkish collegiate lesbigay population's access to the Internet and the formation of lesbigay identities and communities in Turkey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Serkan Gorkemli

    2005-01-01

    This project examines the emergence and expansion of Legato, the Turkish collegiate lgbt network, from the perspective of the globalization of digital technologies and lgbt identities. The triple perspectives of globalization studies, research on lgbt youths' use of digital technologies, and the critique of technology research in humanities calls attention to the need for international research on the use of

  18. Behaviour of Turkish Elementary School Principals in the Change Process: An Analysis of the Perceptions of Both Teachers and School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gokce, Feyyat

    2009-01-01

    Technological and economic changes affect societies, and consequently bring about change in education. Elementary school principals in Turkey spend considerable time and effort managing change in their schools. This study contributes to the better management of Turkish elementary schools by determining the behavior of elementary school principals…

  19. 'Palliative care': a contradiction in terms? A qualitative study of cancer patients with a Turkish or Moroccan background, their relatives and care providers

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Palliative cancer care aims to improve quality of life and ultimately quality of dying, while prolonging life is not an objective anymore when death nears. The question is, however, whether these perspectives on palliative care are congruent with the perspectives of immigrant families with a Turkish or Moroccan background. Methods A qualitative design was used as we were looking for the personal views of 'very ill' cancer patients with a Turkish or Moroccan background, their family members and their Dutch care providers. We interviewed 83 people, involved in 33 cases to obtain information about their views, values and norms on 'good care'. Results The main concerns about 'good care' expressed by Turkish and Moroccan families were: maximum treatment and curative care until the end of their lives, never having hope taken away, devoted care by their families, avoiding shameful situations, dying with a clear mind and being buried in their own country. Their views conflict, to some extent, with the dominant principles in palliative care, for example, the emphasis on quality of life and advanced care planning, which includes discussing diagnosis and prognosis with the patient. Conclusions Patients and their families with a Turkish or Moroccan background often have different ideas about 'good care' than their Dutch care providers. As many of them are aiming at cure until the end of life, they find 'good palliative care' a contradiction in terms. PMID:20831777

  20. What Does Democracy Mean to 14-Year-Old Turkish Children? A Comparison with Results of the 1999 IEA Civic Education Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doganay, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The scores of Turkish students on the international tests such as TIMMS and PISA, which assess basic science concepts, reading and problem-solving abilities, are among the lowest. Although understanding the concept of democracy has been studied across the countries, it has not been clearly researched in Turkey. For this reason, the focus of this…

  1. ULTRASONIC VOCALIZATIONS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH THE NON-VOCALIZATION BEHAVIOUR OF THE ENDANGERED TURKISH SPINY MOUSE ACOMYS CILICIUS SPITZENBERGER IN A CAPTIVE POPULATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SHEREENA GRIFFITHS; SUE DOW; OLIVER BURMAN

    2010-01-01

    Although ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) have been recorded in many species of rodent and in various contexts, e.g. sexual behaviour and aggression, it has not been demonstrated for the endangered Turkish Spiny Mouse Acomys cilicius Spitzenberger. This study investigated whether A. cilicius emits USVs and, if so, how these USVs associated with non-vocalization behaviour. Ultrasonic recording equipment was set up for

  2. "To Be Dutch or Not to Be Turkish, that Is the Question", or, How to Measure the Reception of a Community-Based Play about Living between Cultures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vuyk, Kees; Poelman, Linda; Cerovecki, Ivana; van Erven, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors experiment with an interdisciplinary, partly empirical investigation into the reception of a community-based theatre production created by three generations of Turkish migrants in the Netherlands. Although community arts has been experiencing a boom of sorts in the Netherlands and local funding agents increasingly call…

  3. Turkish EFL Academicians' Problems Concerning Translation Activities and Practices, Attitudes towards the Use of Online and Printed Translation Tools, and Suggestions for Quality Translation Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zengin, Bugra; Kacar, Isil Gunseli

    2011-01-01

    This mixed method research study aimed to highlight the problems of EFL academicians concerning their current translation practices, their attitudes towards the use of various translation tools, and offer suggestions for more quality translation practices. Seventy-three EFL academicians from three Turkish universities participated in the study.…

  4. Written Narrations by 8- to 10-Year-Old Turkish Pupils in Flemish Primary Education: A Follow-Up of Seven Text Features

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verheyden, Lieve; Van den Branden, Kris; Rijlaarsdam, Gert; Van den Bergh, Huub; De Maeyer, Sven

    2010-01-01

    This semi-longitudinal study examined the development of narrative writing quality of young Turkish second language learners in mainstream Dutch-only education, and the impact of student-level and classroom-level predictors of narrative writing quality, using hierarchical linear modelling. Writing samples of 106 third graders and 111 fourth…

  5. A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

    2009-01-01

    The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance…

  6. Evaluation of maximum contaminant levels in Turkish bottled drinking waters utilizing parameters reported on manufacturer's labeling and government-issued production licenses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cüneyt Güler

    2007-01-01

    A total of 189 domestic brands of bottled water consisting of natural spring, natural mineral, drinking and processed drinking types were evaluated by means of both physical and chemical parameters reported on their manufacturer's labeling and\\/or in government-issued production licenses. A comparison between the water composition and the maximum contaminant levels imposed by the Turkish legislation (Resmi Gazete, No. 23144)

  7. The Design and Evaluation of a Teaching-Learning Sequence Addressing the Solubility Concept with Turkish Secondary School Students. Special Issue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabapinar, Filiz; Leach, John; Scott, Phil

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports upon a study addressing teaching and learning about solubility to Turkish first-year secondary school students (age 14-15). The principal aim of the research was to investigate the impact on students' understanding of solubility, of introducing a simple particle model of matter. A teaching intervention to fit within the existing…

  8. The Effects of the First Step to Success Program on Academic Engagement Behaviors of Turkish Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2011-01-01

    The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the First Step to Success (FSS) early intervention program with Turkish children identified with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Intervention effectiveness on target children's academic engagement behaviors was studied. Participants were four 7-year-old first-grade students in…

  9. Prospective Turkish Elementary Science Teachers' Knowledge Level about the Greenhouse Effect and Their Views on Environmental Education in University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kisoglu, Mustafa; Gürbüz, Hasan; Erkol, Mehmet; Akar, Muhammed Said; Akilli, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The fundamental factor of environmental education is teachers who are well-informed about environmental issues. This research aimed to determine prospective Turkish elementary science teachers' knowledge level about causes, consequences and reducing of the greenhouse effect and to investigate the effect of gender, information source and…

  10. The Sources of Productivity Growth in Turkish Banks by Ownership: The Initial Responses of Public, Private, and Foreign Banks to Liberalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ihsan Isik; Do?an Uysal

    2006-01-01

    Banks depending on their ownership type may demonstrate different responses to the changing operational environment. The Turkish financial system has undergone significant legal, structural and operational changes as a result of financial liberalization launched in the early 1980s. This paper investigates the sources of initial productivity changes in public, private and foreign banks as financial repression is phased out of

  11. Cancer incidence among Turkish, Chilean, and North African first-generation immigrants in Sweden compared with residents in the countries of origin and native Swedes.

    PubMed

    Mousavi, Seyed Mohsen; Sundquist, Jan; Hemminki, Kari

    2013-01-01

    We compared the incidence of cancer among Turkish, Chilean, and North African (NA) first-generation immigrants with residents in their countries of origin and native Swedes. The Swedish Family-Cancer Database was used to calculate age-standardized incidence rates. We compared the age-standardized incidence rates for immigrants with those in the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents report. All-cancer rates were decreased in Turks (men) and Chileans and increased in NAs compared with the residents in their countries of origin. The rates of stomach cancer in Chileans and lung cancer in Turkish men were decreased, whereas Turkish women had an increased rate of lung cancer. Furthermore, the rate of prostate cancer in Turks and NAs and nervous system tumors in NA men and Turkish women were increased. Chileans had higher rates of stomach and testicular cancers and lower rates of colon cancer, nervous system tumors, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma compared with Swedes. Higher rates of male lung cancer and female thyroid cancer, and lower rates of male rectal and kidney cancers and nervous system tumors, and female stomach and colon cancers were observed among Turks compared with Swedes. The differences observed in all-cancer rates among immigrants were mostly attributable to decreased rates of stomach and lung cancers or an increased rate of prostate cancer after migration. We observed increased rates of colon, breast, and nervous system cancers after migration, whereas the rates of testicular, kidney and thyroid cancers, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma remained unchanged. PMID:22955339

  12. Exploring Pupils' Perceptions of Teacher Racism in Their Context: A Case Study of Turkish and Belgian Vocational Education Pupils in a Belgian School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Peter A. J.

    2008-01-01

    This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish-speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic…

  13. Evaluation of the Turkish Version of the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional" in Identifying Children with Social-Emotional Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kucuker, Sevgi; Kapci, Emine Gul; Uslu, Runa Idil

    2011-01-01

    The applicability of the Age and Stages Questionnaires: Social Emotional (ASQ-SE; J. Squires, D. Bricker & E. Twombly, 2003) for Turkish children was examined. A total of 608 mothers completed the ASQ-SE's. Overall sensitivity and overall specificity were 83.7% and 89.9%, respectively. Test-retest reliability, assessed by classifying children as…

  14. Turkish freshwater and marine macrophyte extracts show in vitro antiprotozoal activity and inhibit FabI, a key enzyme of Plasmodium falciparum fatty acid biosynthesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Orhan; B. Sener; T. At?c?; R. Brun; R. Perozzo; D. Tasdemir

    2006-01-01

    The ethanolic extracts of a number of Turkish freshwater macrophytes (Potamogeton perfoliatus, Ranunculus tricophyllus and Cladophora glomerata) and marine macroalgae (Dictyota dichotoma, Halopteris scoparia, Posidonia oceanica, Scinaia furcellata, Sargassum natans and Ulva lactuca) were assayed for their in vitro antiprotozoal activity. Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania donovani and Plasmodium falciparum were used as test organisms. The cytotoxicity of the

  15. Exploring the Types and Reasons of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty among Turkish Undergraduate Students: Development of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty Scale (ITADS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Sendag, Serkan; Birinci, Gurkay; Kilicer, Kerem; Sahin, Mehmet C.; Odabasi, Hatice F.

    2008-01-01

    Internet contributes to the development of science and facilitates scientific demeanors while it also serves as a ground for academic misdemeanors. Recent studies indicate that Internet facilitates and spreads academic dishonesty. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the extent of involvement of Turkish university students in…

  16. The Effect of German and Turkish Mathematics Teachers' Teaching Experience on Mathematics Education Values: A Cross-Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    This study reported the specific findings of a larger comparative study concerning Turkish and German mathematics teachers' values. The main focus was on the teaching experience of the mathematics teachers. Interactions related to nationality were also of interest. The research methodology employed in this study was a descriptive study. The…

  17. A new Turkish infant with clinical features of CS/CISS1 syndrome and homozygous CRLF1 mutation.

    PubMed

    Moortgat, Stephanie; Benoit, Valerie; Deprez, Marie; Charon, Anne; Maystadt, Isabelle

    2014-04-01

    Cold-induced sweating syndrome (CISS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by profuse sweating at cold environmental temperatures, facial dysmorphism and skeletal features. The infantile presentation of CISS, referred to as Crisponi syndrome (CS), is characterized by facial muscular contractures in response to slight tactile stimuli or during crying, by life-threatening feeding difficulties caused by suck and swallow inabilities, and by intermittent hyperthermia. High febrile crises can lead to death within the first months of life. In preadolescence, surviving patients develop kyphoscoliosis and abnormal sweating. CISS is a genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by mutations in CRLF1 in more than 90 percent of patients (CISS1) and by mutations in CLCF1 in the remaining patients (CISS2). It is now well demonstrated that all patients with an infantile-onset CS will develop CISS, confirming that CS and CISS are not "allelic disorders" but the same clinical entity described at different ages of affected patients. Here we report on a Turkish patient with a phenotype consistent with CS/CISS1 and a nonsense homozygous mutation (c.829C>T, p.R277X) in the CRLF1 gene. This mutation has already been reported in another Turkish patient with CS/CISS1. PMID:24613578

  18. Turkish pediatric surgical nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding pain assessment and nonpharmacological and environmental methods in newborns' pain relief.

    PubMed

    Efe, Emine; Dikmen, Sevkiye; Alta?, Nuray; Boneval, Cem

    2013-12-01

    Effective pain management requires accurate knowledge, attitudes, and assessment skills. The purpose of the present study was to describe Turkish pediatric surgical nurses' knowledge and use of pain assessment and nonpharmacologic and environmental methods in relieving newborn's pain in hospital. The sample consisted of 111 pediatric surgical nurses employed in pediatric surgical unit in 15 university hospitals located in Turkey. A questionnaire was used to measure the nurses' knowledge and use of pain assessment, nonpharmacologic, and environmental methods. Data were analyzed with the use of descriptive statistics. Of the nurses that participated in the study, 83.8% were between the ages of 20 and 35 years, 54.1% had a bachelor degree, and 75.7% had a nursing experience ?10 years. 50.5% stated that physiologic and behavioral indicators used in the assessment of pain in infants. The most commonly used nonpharmacologic methods were giving nonnutritive sucking, skin-to-skin contact, and holding. The most commonly used environmental methods were avoiding talking loudly close to the baby, minimal holding, care when opening and closing of the incubator, avoiding making noise when using wardrobe, drawers, trash, or nearby devices, such as radio and television, avoiding sharp fragrances, such as alcohol, perfume, near the baby, and reducing light sources. Although Turkish pediatric surgical nurses used some of the nonpharmacological and environmental methods in infant's pain relief, there remains a need for more education about pain management and for more frequent use of these methods in clinical care. PMID:24315257

  19. Personality, posttraumatic stress and trauma type: factors contributing to posttraumatic growth and its domains in a Turkish community sample

    PubMed Central

    Karanci, Ayse Nuray; I??kl?, Sedat; Aker, Ahmet Tamer; Gül, Ervin ?zmit; Erkan, Burçak Ba?bu?; Özkol, Hivren; Güzel, Hayal Yavuz

    2012-01-01

    Background Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is conceptualized as a positive transformation resulting from coping with and processing traumatic life events. This study examined the contributory roles of personality traits, posttraumatic stress (PTS) severity and their interactions on PTG and its domains, as assessed with the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory Turkish form (PTGI-T). The study also examined the differences in PTG domains between survivors of accidents, natural disasters and unexpected loss of a loved one. Method The Basic Personality Traits Inventory, Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale, and PTGI-T were administered to a large stratified cluster community sample of 969 Turkish adults in their home settings. Results The results showed that conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness to experience significantly related to the total PTG and most of the domains. The effects of extraversion, neuroticism and openness to experience were moderated by the PTS severity for some domains. PTG in relating to others and appreciation of life domains was lower for the bereaved group. Conclusion Further research should examine the mediating role of coping between personality and PTG using a longitudinal design. PMID:22893832

  20. Environmental and health benefits from designating the Marmara Sea and the Turkish Straits as an emission control area (ECA).

    PubMed

    Viana, M; Fann, N; Tobías, A; Querol, X; Rojas-Rueda, D; Plaza, A; Aynos, G; Conde, J A; Fernández, L; Fernández, C

    2015-03-17

    Ship emissions degrade air quality and affect human health, and are increasingly becoming a matter of concern. Sulfur emission control areas (ECA), specific coastal regions where only low-sulfur fuels may be consumed by ocean-going ships, have proven to be useful tools to reduce ship-sourced air pollution along the North American, Canadian, and European North and Baltic Sea coastlines. The present work assesses the environmental and health benefits which would derive from designating an ECA in the Marmara Sea and the Turkish Straits (50?000 ships/year; 23 million inhabitants). Results show evidence that implementing an ECA would be technically viable and that it would reduce ship-sourced PM10 and PM2.5 ambient concentrations in Istanbul by 67%, and SO2 by 90%. The reduction of the air pollution burden on health was quantified as 210 hospital admissions from exposure to PM10, 290 hospital admissions from exposure to SO2, and up to 30 premature deaths annually due to ECA emission controls. Consequently, the designation of an ECA in the Marmara Sea and the Turkish Straits is evaluated as a positive, technically viable and real-world measure to reduce air pollution from ships in Turkey. PMID:25700153

  1. Turkish education in Cyprus since 1974. An outline of some of the changes in curriculum organisation and the professional standing of teachers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crellin, C. T.

    1981-09-01

    The setting up of the `Turkish Federated State of Cyprus' (TFSC) in the north of Cyprus and the settlement of several thousand mainland Turks to assist the ailing economy and the international isolation of the minority Turkish community, have affected teaching and development in the schools of that community. At the same time, the sense of security and independence has encouraged the authorities to shift the emphasis from isolated single teacher village schools to larger units, but this has not been without resistance from some of the communities concerned. Schooling is seen as a pattern of 6+3+3 years from the age of six, representing elementary, middle and secondary high school. In the secondary field proposals have been put forward to offer a curriculum and organisation more appropriate to the developing needs of the small community. However, the dependent economy, the democratic ideals of which the community is very conscious, and the conflicting influence of Western and Islamic traditions render progress here fraught with difficulty. Similarly, the moves towards a Turkish-Cypriot based, rather than a Turkish based, curriculum in the elementary schools can move only very slowly in a situation where there is some resentment of the mainland Turkish presence yet political dependence upon it. In the absence of higher education on the island, and with an impoverished teacher training college in Kyrenia, the obvious destination for the island's students is mainland Turkey. The radical elementary teachers' union is particularly critical of Turkish nationalist sentiment. Teachers in general have good conditions of service but have both the benefits and drawbacks of close association with government officials in the small community. The teacher's role is changing not only now that the fighting has ceased but also as moves towards larger units are undertaken. Clearly, if progress is to be made, there is need for the involvement of commonwealth or other international agencies in the development of a wider curriculum in elementary schools, in the organisation of secondary education, in teacher training and in the establishment of higher education at university level on the island — ideally one which could serve both Greek and Turkish communities.

  2. [The main sources of medieval Islamic medicine and the medical books translated into Turkish in the 10th century texts. Muslim scientists produced original medical works].

    PubMed

    Se?en, R

    1993-01-01

    Medieval Islamic medicine in the late Omeyad and early Abbasid periods was based on works translated from the Greek, Sanskrit, Persian, Nabatean and Syriac languages, combining their own experiences in medical practice with the knowledge obtained from these. The majority of sources translated were Greek works; among them, those of Hippocrates and Galen were used prominently. From the theoretical standpoint, medieval Islamic medicine was based on the principles determined by Hippocrates. On the other hand, translations in different fields of medicine were done by specialists in those fields, who also authored their own works. Among them are such well-known figures as Abu Bakr el-Razi, Ibn Sina and Ibn el-Nafis. Islamic medicine saw a brilliant development during the Ayyubid period: with the establishment of many hospitals, clinical medicine and practical experience gained importance. these hospitals were at the same time centres of medical education and training. It is also in this period that the first medical school of the Muslim world was set up in Damascus by Mühezzebüddin el-Dahvar (d. 1231). Medical literature in Turkish originated in the framework of Islamic culture, as was in other fields of science. Early medical works in Turkish were translated from Arabic and Persian in the beginning of the 13th century. Original works in Turkish started to be produced from the end of the 13th and beginning of the 14th centuries. The volume of Turkish medical literature increased considerably throughout the Ottoman period. This experience and the accumulation of references facilitated the acquisition of modern medical knowledge. This paper is an overview of thirteen major works on medicine which were translated into Turkish in the middle of the 15th century. PMID:11624884

  3. Association of familial Mediterranean fever in Turkish children with inflammatory bowel disease

    PubMed Central

    Be?er, Ömer Faruk; Çoku?ra?, Fügen Çullu; Kutlu, Tufan; Erginöz, Ethem; Gülcü, Didem; Kasapçopur, Özgür; Erkan, Tülay

    2014-01-01

    Aim: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) carry similar clinical and biological properties. Both are characterized with chronic inflammation attacks and neutrophil migration and impaired apoptosis mechanism are present in the areas of damage in both conditions. In our study, we aimed to determine the frequency of association of FMF in patients with IBD, to compare the demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment response properties in these patients with the ones in other IBD patients and to determine association of FMF especially in treatment-resistant patients. Material and Methods: Fifty-three patients who were being followed up with a diagnosis of IBD aged between 0 and 18 years were included in the study. The patient group included the patients who were diagnosed with IBD according to clinical, serological, endoscopic and histopathological criteria, who were being followed up and whose therapies were continuing. Genetic analysis in terms of MEFV gene mutations was performed in all patients with a diagnosis of IBD. Acute phase reactants, complete blood count, immunoglobulin levels, stool analysis, “perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies” (pANCA) and “anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies” (ASCA) were studied at the time of diagnosis. The diagnosis of FMF was made according to detailed history, physical examination findings, laboratory tests and the results of genetic analyses in terms of MEFV gene mutations in accordance with the criteria defined in 2009. Results: We found that FMF accompanied in 14 (26.4%) of the patients who had a diagnosis of IBD. 3 of these 14 patients in whom FMF accompanied were being followed up with a diagnosis of Crohn disease and 11 were being followed up with a diagnosis of ulcerative colitis. All of these patients had MEFV gene mutation. These mutations included M694V (50%), K695R (21.4%), M680I (14.3%) and R202Q (14.3%) in order of frequency. When the laboratory data were compared between the patients who had a diagnosis of IBD alone and who had a diagnosis of IBD plus FMF, it was observed that the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) values were statistically significantly higher in the IBD+FMF group. Conclusions: FMF is a common condition in the Turkish population and M694V mutation is found most commonly. In our study, this status did not change in cases where FMF accompanied IBD, but K695R mutation was found more frequently compared to FMF alone. We think that it should be kept in mind that other inflammatory conditions including mainly FMF may accompany IBD, if a case of IBD does not have an expected course or is resistant to treatment.

  4. Menopause status and attitudes in a Turkish midlife female population: an epidemiological study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background It is a well accepted status that socio-cultural characteristics may affect the onset of menopause and its characteristics. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence rates of menopausal symptoms and these symptoms related factors, and to assess the women's attitudes towards some climacteric issues. Methods This survey was conducted between Jan., 1st 2008 and March, 31st 2008 to research the menopause status of the female population in a city of western Turkey. The study group consisted of 1551 women selected with a multistage area sampling method: a random sample of individuals aged 40-65 years. The questionnaire included questions pertaining to women's sociodemographic characteristics, women's menopausal status, some statements about the climacteric, use of hormones at menopause or before menopause, and some climacteric myths. The data was analyzed by Chi-square (x2) analysis and percent (%) ratios with a significant value of P < 0.05. Results The mean age of the women was 49.1 years. Over 90% of the women were of the negative opinion that the climacteric is "the end of youth", "the end of fecundity", and "the end of unclean days". Most women said that cessation of menstrual periods was the most positive thing because they do not have to wait for monthly bleedings, use sanitary equipment, or take birth control methods. There were significant connections between age groups and nearly all the items, with the exception of the items "the end of life" and "the end of fecundity". Among the women, hot flushes were the most common complaint occurring in 96.5% of women: being severe in 32.9%, moderate in 43.1% and mild in 20.4%. This was followed by low backache or muscle pain 95.0% (25.9% severe, 46.0% moderate and mild 23.1%), headache 91.7% (21.9% severe, 34.9% moderate and 34.9% mild) and feeling tired 91.0% (15.3% severe, 38.6% moderate and 37.1% mild). Conclusions Most of the women in this study had mixed ideas of opinions concerning the climacteric, and the majority was also suffering from climacteric complaints. This data could assist healthcare providers in the provision of culturally competent health care to midlife Turkish women. PMID:20064263

  5. Frequency and Risk Factors of Endocrine Complications in Turkish Children and Adolescents with Sickle Cell Anemia

    PubMed Central

    Özen, Samim; Ünal, Selma; Erçetin, Neslihan; Ta?delen, Bahar

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To define frequency and risk factors of abnormalities in growth, puberty, thyroid function, and bone and carbohydrate metabolisms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). Materials and Methods: Endocrine problems including short stature, puberty and thyroid disorders, and carbohydrate and bone metabolisms in 50 Turkish children and adolescents with SCD were evaluated. Relationships among sex, disease type, blood transfusions, exchange and exacerbation frequency, ferritin levels, and endocrine pathologies were investigated. Results: The mean age of the study group was 13.1±2.9 years. Weights and heights of 12 participants (24%) were below -2 standard deviations and 4 participants (8%) had malnutrition. Mean difference (±standard deviation) between bone and chronological age of patients was -1.73±1.86 years. Fifty percent of patients had at least one endocrine abnormality other than vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency. Hypergonadotropic hypogonadism in 3 patients (6%), hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in 1 female patient (2%), and small testicular volume in respect to age in 3 male patients (8.5%) were seen. Growth hormone deficiency was detected in 1 (2%) female patient, and hypothyroidism was diagnosed in 3 patients (6%; 1 central case, 2 cases of primary hypothyroidism). At vertebral level, 5 patients (11.1%) had osteopenia and 1 patient (2.2%) had osteoporosis, while 5 patients (11.1%) had osteopenia at femur neck level. The most common endocrine abnormality was vitamin D deficiency. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D was deficient in 63.2% and insufficient in 18.4% of patients. Sex, disease type, blood transfusion frequency, exacerbation frequency, and ferritin levels were not related to endocrine pathologies. As the age was increased, standard deviation scores of femur neck bone mineral density was decreased (r =-0.56; p<0.05). Vitamin D was lower in patients whose weights and/or heights were below -2 standard deviations from the mean (p<0.05). Conclusion: Endocrine organ dysfunctions are commonly detected in children and adolescents with SCD, and vitamin D deficiency is the most commonly encountered endocrine disorder. Regular follow- ups of patients for endocrine complications, starting from early ages of patients, and initiation of appropriate treatments will elongate expectancy and quality of life. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:24385749

  6. Turkish health system reform from the people’s perspective: a cross sectional study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Since 2003, Turkey has implemented major health care reforms to develop easily accessible, high-quality, efficient, and effective healthcare services for the population. The purpose of this study was to bring out opinions of the Turkish people on health system reform process, focusing on several aspects of health system and assessing whether the public prefer the current health system or that provided a decade ago. Methods A cross sectional survey study was carried out in Turkey to collect data on people’s opinions on the healthcare reforms. Data was collected via self administered household’s structured questionnaire. A five-point Likert-type scale was used to score the closed comparative statements. Each statement had response categories ranging from (1) “strongly agree” to (5) “strongly disagree.” A total of 482 heads of households (response rate: 71.7%) with the mean age of (46.60 years) were selected using a multi stage sampling technique from seven geographical regions in Turkey from October 2011 to January 2012. Multiple logistic regressions were performed to identify significant contributing factors in this study. Results Employing descriptive statistics it is observed that among the respondents, more than two third of the population believes that the changes have had positive effects on the health system. A vast majority of respondents (82.0%) believed that there was an increase in accessibility, 73.7% thought more availability of health resources, 72.6% alleged improved quality of care, and 72.6% believed better attitude of politician/mass media due to the changes in the last 10 years. Indeed, the majority of respondents (77.6%) prefer the current health care system than the past. In multivariate analysis, there was a statistically significant relationship between characteristics and opinions of the respondents. The elderly, married females, perceived themselves healthy and those who believe that people are happier now than 10 years ago have a more positive opinion of the changes. While, the single unemployed from rural region who perceived themselves as unhealthy and believe that people are unhappy now compare to ten years ago showed less positive opinions. Conclusions Hence, we conclude that from the people’s perspective overall the health system reforms were most likely successful. PMID:24447374

  7. Experiences with TRIDEC's Crisis Management Demonstrator in the Turkish NEAMWave12 exercise tsunami scenario

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hammitzsch, Martin; Necmioglu, Ocal; Lendholt, Matthias; Reißland, Sven; Schulz, Jana; Aksari, Dogan; Koseoglu, Aysegul; Ozer, Ceren; Comoglu, Mustafa; Meral Ozel, Nurcan; Wächter, Joachim

    2013-04-01

    On November 27-28, 2012, the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI) joined other countries in the North-eastern Atlantic, the Mediterranean and Connected Seas (NEAM) region as participants in an international tsunami response exercise. The exercise, titled NEAMWave12, simulated widespread Tsunami Watch situations throughout the NEAM region. It is the first international exercise as such, in this region, where the UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS tsunami warning chain has been tested to a full scale for the first time with different systems. One of the systems is developed in the project Collaborative, Complex, and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises (TRIDEC) and has been validated in this exercise among others by KOERI. KOERI, representing the Tsunami National Contact (TNC) and Tsunami Warning Focal Point (TWFP) for Turkey, is one of the key partners in TRIDEC. KOERI is responsible for the operation of a National Tsunami Warning Centre (NTWC) for Turkey and establishes candidate Tsunami Watch Provider (TWP) responsibilities for the Eastern Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Seas. Based on this profound experience KOERI is contributing valuable requirements to the overall TRIDEC system and is responsible for the definition and development of feasible tsunami-related scenarios in the context of UNESCO-IOC ICG/NEAMTWS activities. However, KOERI's, most important input focuses on testing and evaluating the TRIDEC system according to specified evaluation and validation criteria in order to meet ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The TRIDEC system will be implemented in three phases, each with a demonstrator. Successively, the demonstrators are addressing related challenges. The first and second phase system demonstrator, deployed at KOERI's crisis management room has been designed and implemented, firstly, to support plausible scenarios for the Turkish NTWC to demonstrate the treatment of simulated tsunami threats with an essential subset of a NTWC. Secondly, the feasibility and the potentials of the implemented approach are demonstrated covering ICG/NEAMTWS standard operations as well as tsunami detection and alerting functions beyond ICG/NEAMTWS requirements. The demonstrator presented addresses information management and decision-support processes for a hypothetical tsunami-related crisis situation in the context of the ICG/NEAMTWS NEAMWave12 exercise. Experiences and results gained with the TRIDEC system during the exercise will be reported.

  8. Comparison of milk yield and animal health in Turkish farms with differing stall types and resting surfaces.

    PubMed

    Kara, Nurcan Karslioglu; Galic, Askin; Koyuncu, Mehmet

    2015-02-01

    The current study was carried out to determine the influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield and animal health. Study was carried out in Bursa that is one of the most important cities of Turkey in terms of dairy production. Effects of resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield were found to be important. Also influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on lactation length was examined and found that rubber mats were different from the two other options. Relationships between different resting surfaces or stall types and health problems were examined and connection between stall type and repeat breeding (RB), dystocia, retained placenta and a connection between resting surface types and RB and clinical mastitis were found to be important. Considering their economic reflections, it can be said that results are quite important to the Turkish dairy industry. PMID:25557824

  9. Screening for antibacterial activity of some Turkish plants against fish pathogens: a possible alternative in the treatment of bacterial infections

    PubMed Central

    Turker, Hakan; Y?ld?r?m, Arzu Birinci

    2015-01-01

    The antibacterial activity of ethanolic and aqueous crude extracts from 36 plants in Turkey, including seven endemic species, against fish pathogens was studied using the disc diffusion assay. The extract that was most active against all microbial strains, except Aeromonas salmonicida, was that of Dorycnium pentaphyllum. Some of the extracts also showed a very broad spectrum of potent antimicrobial activity. The extract of Anemone nemorosa showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Vibrio anguillarum. V. anguillarum, a Gram-negative bacterium, appeared to be the most susceptible to the plant extracts used in this experiment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the antimicrobial activity of 11 of the studied plants. The preliminary screening assay indicated that some of the Turkish plants with antibacterial properties may offer alternative therapeutic agents against bacterial infections in aquaculture industry. PMID:26019642

  10. Comparison of Milk Yield and Animal Health in Turkish Farms with Differing Stall Types and Resting Surfaces

    PubMed Central

    Kara, Nurcan Karslioglu; Galic, Askin; Koyuncu, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The current study was carried out to determine the influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield and animal health. Study was carried out in Bursa that is one of the most important cities of Turkey in terms of dairy production. Effects of resting surfaces and stall types on milk yield were found to be important. Also influence of different resting surfaces and stall types on lactation length was examined and found that rubber mats were different from the two other options. Relationships between different resting surfaces or stall types and health problems were examined and connection between stall type and repeat breeding (RB), dystocia, retained placenta and a connection between resting surface types and RB and clinical mastitis were found to be important. Considering their economic reflections, it can be said that results are quite important to the Turkish dairy industry. PMID:25557824

  11. Inhibitory effects of Turkish folk remedies on inflammatory cytokines: interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha.

    PubMed

    Ye?ilada, E; Ustün, O; Sezik, E; Takaishi, Y; Ono, Y; Honda, G

    1997-09-01

    In this study, in vitro inhibitory effects of 55 extracts or fractions obtained from 10 plant species on interleukin-1 (IL-1alpha, IL-1beta) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) biosynthesis were studied. The following plant materials from Turkish folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases which are thought to be inflammatory in nature e.g. rheumatism, fever, infections, edemas or related inflammatory diseases were selected as the subject of this study: Cistus laurifolius leaves, Clematis flammna flowering herbs, Crataegus orientalis roots, Daphne oleoides ssp. oleoides whole plant, Ecbalium elaterium roots, Rosa canina roots, Rubus discolor roots, Rubus hirtus roots, Sambucus ebulus flowers and leaves, Sambucus nigra flowers and leaves. All plants showed inhibitory activity against at least one of these models in various percentages depending upon the concentration, thus supporting the folkloric utilization. Daphne oleoides was found to be the most active plant against the test models. PMID:9324006

  12. First case report of Rett syndrome in the Azeri Turkish population and brief review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Gharesouran, Jalal; Khalili, Azizeh Farshbaf; Azari, Noushin Sorkhkoh; Vahedi, Leila

    2015-01-01

    Rett syndrome is a dominant X-linked male-lethal disorder largely caused by mutations in the gene encoding methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2). Clinical manifestations include neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by early-onset intractable seizures, severe developmental delay, intellectual disability, and abnormal electroencephalograms. Afflicted females show normal development until the age of 6 to 18 months, followed by gradual loss of speech abilities, microcephaly, social impairment, ataxia, and stereotypic hand movements. We report a 7-year-old girl who was born of a nonconsanguineous marriage presenting with mental retardation and delayed development. Physical examination revealed loss of speech, repetitive hand-wringing movement, short stature (120 cm), strabismus, microcephaly, and autistic behavior. The diagnosis was confirmed by sequencing MECP2 gene with heterozygous mutation C385A in exon 2. The current study aimed to report the first case of Rett syndrome in the Azeri Turkish population. PMID:25737965

  13. [A short look on the protection of the disabled in Turkish history until the Republic of Turkey I].

    PubMed

    Sari, N

    1993-01-01

    This study deals with the care taken through Turkish history to protect and shelter the disabled orphans, widows, crippled and the aged, etc. In the Seljukian and Ottoman periods there were different foundations which shouldered the duty and functioned as almhouses. Some of these foundations had houses for sheltering the disabled and the homeless, according to those quoted in the trust of deeds. These institiutions were "D?r-al rah?" (almhouse); T?b-kh?ne" and "Im?ret" (almshouse and soup kitchen for the poor), "Caravanserai" (inns), "Mus?fir-kh?ne" (public guest house for travelers); "D?r-al ziy?fe" (temporary boarding house and kitchen); "D?r-al shif?" (hospital) and "Tekye" or "Z?viye" (dervish lodges), etc. ... PMID:11624892

  14. [The portrait of an elite, during the transformation from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic (1861-1940)].

    PubMed

    Ulman, Ye?im I?il

    Having spent the first half of his lifetime during declining years of the Ottoman Empire and the other half, at the first reformative, energetic decades of the Turkish Republic, Besim Omer Akalin, M.D. exemplifies very well of a new urban elite at the turn of the 20th century, regarding his education, formation, professional and administrative roles in the society He is known of his remarkable contributions in obstetrics, in pediatrics; and also of his fundamental works for the education of midwifery and nursing in Turkey. He carried out several duties at the same time, such as professor at the Istanbul medical School (Mekteb-i Tibbiye-i Sahane - Darülfünun Tip Fakültesi), head of the first Obstetrical clinic (Viladethane) in Turkey, leader of several associations such as the Red Crescent Society (Hilal-i Ahmer Cemiyeti), the Society for the Protection of Children (Himaye-i Etfal Cemiyeti), Anti-Tuberculosis Society (Verem Sava? Derne?i), member of several commissions concerning the public sanitation and health affairs, rector of the Istanbul University, Turkish delegate of the international medical congresses and associations, member of Parliament. Among all those responsibilities, the accomplished to write numerous books, yearbooks and articles on the above mentioned topics. He was also famous for his initiative supporting women to educate at the university and also to come up at the public and socialarena. This study deals with his activities and works on the basis of his biography studied on archival and bibliographical sources. The list of his complete works is annexed to the text. PMID:21661218

  15. Effect of HOTAIR rs920778 polymorphism on breast cancer susceptibility and clinicopathologic features in a Turkish population.

    PubMed

    Bayram, Süleyman; Sümbül, Ahmet Taner; Batmac?, Celal Yücel; Genç, Ahmet

    2015-05-01

    Overexpression of Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), is associated with cancer cell proliferation, invasion, progression, and metastasis as well as poor survival in a variety of human cancers including breast cancer (BC). A common functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs920778 (T???C) in the intronic enhancer of the HOTAIR has been reported to influence HOTAIR expression and cancer predisposition, but the association of HOTAIR rs920778 polymorphism with BC susceptibility and clinicopathological features has yet to be investigated. We genotyped HOTAIR rs920778 polymorphism in 245 Turkish women including 123 BC patients and 122 age-matched healthy controls by a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with the TaqMan assay. We found that the CC genotype of HOTAIR rs920778 polymorphism significantly increased the risk of BC in both codominant (odds ratio (OR)?=?2.12, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.00-4.51, P?=?0.05) and recessive (OR?=?2.40, 95 % CI 1.22-4.73, P?=?0.01) inheritance genetic models. Our research also indicated an association between the CC genotype of HOTAIR rs920778 polymorphism and clinicopathologic features of tumor, including advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, larger tumor size, distant metastasis, and poor histological grade (P?Turkish population, further independent studies are required to validate our findings in a larger series, as well as in patients of different populations. PMID:25586347

  16. Assessments of functional status, comorbidities, polypharmacy, nutritional status and sarcopenia in Turkish community-dwelling male elderly.

    PubMed

    Bahat, Gulistan; Tufan, Fatih; Bahat, Zumrut; Aydin, Yucel; Tufan, Asli; Akpinar, Timur Selcuk; Erten, Nilgun; Karan, Mehmet Akif

    2013-06-01

    Functionality, comorbidities, polypharmacy, nutritional status and sarcopenia affect the prognosis of elderly excessively. These parameters are influenced by the population, living settings and age. We aimed to study these parameters in Turkish community-dwelling male elderly. We studied 274 male elderly ?60 years of age admitted to our Geriatrics outpatient clinics. Mean age was 74.4?±?7.1 years; 47.4% of the subjects were ?75 years, 24.1% were ?80 years. Mean activities-of-daily-living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) scores were 9.4 and 11.1, respectively. Patients with at least one-dependence at ADL-IADL were 22.6%-47.2%, and more than half-dependence at ADL-IADL were 2.8%-17.9%, respectively. Mean number of comorbidities were 2.6. Most common diagnosis was hypertension with 65%; mean number of drugs were 4.5; 55.3% were using ?4 chronic drugs. Prevalences of malnutrition were 3.7%-6.9%, malnutrition risk were 23.5%-26.7% by the mini nutritional assessment test-long form and short form, respectively. Calf circumference was measured <31?cm in 10.5%. Our findings suggest that Turkish community-dwelling male elderly may have greater prevalences of functional dependence, sarcopenia but lower rates of malnutrition and similar rates of polypharmacy compared with the western developing countries and developed countries. This study emphasized the geographical differences in and/or between the individual countries highlighting the need for studies both country- and world-wide. PMID:23461711

  17. An investigation of some Turkish herbal medicines in Salmonella typhimurium and in the COMET assay in human lymphocytes.

    PubMed

    Basaran, A A; Yu, T W; Plewa, M J; Anderson, D

    1996-01-01

    Medicinal plants play a major role in the life of Turkish people and of late medicinal plant usage has increased in many countries. Green plants in general contain mutagenic and carcinogenic substances, but there is little information about the biological activities of herbal medicine. In the present study, therefore, various Turkish medicinal herbs were investigated for their genotoxic potential in the Salmonella typhimurium microsomal activation assay and the alkaline single cell gel electrophoresis (COMET) assay. Extracts from these medicinal herbs and some fractions of these extracts were examined. The species investigated were Arctium minus, Ecballium elatterium, Momordica charantia, Plantago major, Urtica dioica, Viscum album, Salvia triloba, Euphorbia rigida, Stachys lavandulifolia, Acteoside, Abies nordmannia. They are used for various immune disorders and are applied either topically or taken orally as a herbal tea. Of the 19 samples of the extracts and fractions investigated, none produced a positive response in strains TA98 and TA100 with or without metabolic activation, but all produced an increase above negative control values in the COMET assay. Some extracts were investigated further and produced dose-related increases. In the case of Urtica and Euphorbia species, where two fractions from these plants were examined, one fraction produced a greater response than the other. It is suggested that the lesser response of the fractions might be due to less DNA strand-breaking agents in the fractions or they may have antigenotoxic properties. The breaks that are detected in the COMET assay could be alkali-labile AP-sites and intermediates in base- or nucleotide-excision repair and are difficult to interpret in terms of hazard for man. Further studies with additional genotoxicity assays would be required to make such a prediction. PMID:8875742

  18. Conversion of Molybdenum-99 production process to low enriched uranium: Neutronic and thermal hydraulic analyses of HEU and LEU target plates for irradiation in Pakistan Research Reactor-1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mushtaq, Ahmad; Iqbal, Masood; Bokhari, Ishtiaq Hussain; Mahmood, Tayyab; Muhammad, Atta

    2012-09-01

    Technetium-99m, the daughter product of Molybdenum-99 is the most widely needed radionuclide for diagnostic studies in Pakistan. Molybdenum-99 Production Facility has been established at PINSTECH. Highly enriched uranium (93% 235U) U/Al alloy targets have been irradiated in Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) for the generation of fission Mo-99, while basic dissolution technique is used for separation of Mo-99 from target matrix activity. In line with the international objective of minimizing and eventually eliminating the use of HEU in civil commerce, national and international efforts have been underway to shift the production of medical isotopes from HEU to LEU (LEU; <20% 235U enrichment) targets. To achieve the equivalent amount of 99Mo with LEU targets, approximately 5 times uranium is needed. LEU aluminum uranium dispersion target has been developed, which may replace existing HEU aluminum/uranium alloy targets for production of 99Mo using basic dissolution technique. Neutronic and thermal hydraulic calculations were performed for safe irradiation of targets in the core of PARR-1.

  19. I am so happy 'cause my friend is happy for me: capitalization, friendship, and happiness among U.S. and Turkish college students.

    PubMed

    Demir, Melik?ah; Do?an, Aysun; Procsal, Amanda D

    2013-01-01

    Friends usually share positive events in their lives with each other. Referred to as capitalization, this process promotes individual happiness when the discloser perceives that the responses display genuine support. Yet, the specific mechanisms explaining why capitalization is associated with happiness are not known. The present study addresses this empirical issue by testing a mediational model positing that friendship quality would mediate the relationship between capitalization and happiness among U.S. and Turkish college students. Although the psychosocial well-being of the U.S. participants was significantly higher than Turkish participants, the proposed model was supported in both groups. This suggests that part of the reason capitalization is associated with happiness is because of friendship experiences. The authors also provide suggestions for future research. PMID:23484350

  20. Titanite and zircon fission-track dating resolves successive igneous episodes in the formation of the composite Kaçkar batholith in the Turkish eastern Pontides

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Boztug; R. Jonckheere; G. A. Wagner; A. I. Erçin; Z. Yegingil

    2007-01-01

    The Kaçkar batholith in the Turkish eastern Pontides comprises several intrusive units with distinctive textural, mineralogical\\u000a and geochemical characteristics. Their titanite and zircon fission-track ages confirm that the different lithodem units result\\u000a from consecutive igneous episodes, establish their emplacement sequence and, together with geochemical data, help to relate\\u000a them to their geodynamic context. The Çaml?kaya granitoid (112.4 ± 1.6 Ma) was emplaced during