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1

Turkish women's magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the way concepts of feminism and femininity, often considered oppositional, intersect within two contemporary Turkish women's magazines, Kim and Kad?nca. The methodology is derived from feminist critical theory and cultural studies, and includes textual analysis of the magazines as well as structured interviews with their editors. A range of potentially competing interests is identified in the

Süheyla Kirca

2001-01-01

2

Internationalization of Turkish MNEs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to focus on the company-specific level on the causes of Turkey's recent outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) surge. The paper analyzes the reasons as to why, how, and where Turkish multinational enterprises (MNEs) invest abroad, focusing on the differences between large enterprises and small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case-study approach, based on

Asim Erdilek

2008-01-01

3

Evaluation of Turkish Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to evaluate the new Turkish education program that has been being implemented since 2005 gradually in light of teacher suggestions. The study has been done in scanning model. In this study which has been conducted with the purpose of evaluating the newly prepared Turkish education programs, the program has been tried to be…

Durmuscelebi, Mustafa

2010-01-01

4

Cyberbullying among Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

Cyberbullying, harassment through the use of information and communication technology such as cell phones and the Internet, is an emerging phenomenon all around the world. Extensive research on aggression and bullying is guiding educators' understanding of cyberbullying. Yet the gap between the advancement in technology and the dearth of study on cyberbullying suggests that more research is needed to understand the scope of this form of bullying. In order to fill the gap in literature, 269 secondary school Turkish students were surveyed on their engagement in and coping strategies for cyberbullying. The results show that 35.7% of the students displayed bully behaviors, and 23.8% of the students displayed bully-victim behaviors. Only 5.9% of the students were victims. More boys displayed bully, victim, and bully-victim behaviors than girls. When faced with cyberbullying, 25% of the students reported telling their peers and parents about the cyberbullying incident, and 30.6% of the students reported finding active solutions such as blocking the harasser. The implication of the study for future research is discussed. PMID:18537493

Aricak, Tolga; Siyahhan, Sinem; Uzunhasanoglu, Aysegul; Saribeyoglu, Sevda; Ciplak, Songul; Yilmaz, Nesrin; Memmedov, Cemil

2008-06-01

5

Deconstructing the Turkish Military's Popularity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why is the military so popular in Turkish society? By using World Values Survey data, this study explores the impact of several political, social, and personal factors on societal confidence in the military. Empirical results indicate that there is a significant variance in confidence in the military across certain political groups. Although the military's popularity is high among nationalists, it

Zeki Sarigil

2009-01-01

6

Dry cleaning of Turkish coal  

SciTech Connect

This study dealt with the upgrading of two different type of Turkish coal by a dry cleaning method using a modified air table. The industrial size air table used in this study is a device for removing stones from agricultural products. This study investigates the technical and economical feasibility of the dry cleaning method which has never been applied before on coals in Turkey. The application of a dry cleaning method on Turkish coals designated for power generation without generating environmental pollution and ensuring a stable coal quality are the main objectives of this study. The size fractions of 5-8, 3-5, and 1-3 mm of the investigated coals were used in the upgrading experiments. Satisfactory results were achieved with coal from the Soma region, whereas the upgrading results of Hsamlar coal were objectionable for the coarser size fractions. However, acceptable results were obtained for the size fraction 1-3 mm of Hsamlar coal.

Cicek, T. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering

2008-07-01

7

Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish.  

PubMed

Five ectoparasites were collected during the period of 2002-2005 from fish of Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and inland waters of Turkey: Four crustaceans [Ergasilus mosulensis and Pennella instructa (Copepoda), Ceratothoa steindachneri (Isopoda) and Argulus foliaceus (Branchiura)] and one Annelida (Piscicola geometra) were found. The species, E. mosulensis, P. instructa and C. steindachneri have been reported for first time in Turkish waters, and A. foliaceus and P. geometra for the time from the Cavu?çu Lake. PMID:17594661

Oktener, Ahmet; Trilles, Jean Paul; Leonardos, Ioannis

2007-01-01

8

Identity Formation in Turkish and American Late Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the association of family decision making, identity formation, and self-esteem in Turkish and American late adolescents. Turkish adolescents differed from Americans in reporting more authoritarianism by their parents in managing the family. American adolescents attained the higher identity statuses (identity achievement and moratorium) than their Turkish counterparts. They were also higher in the foreclosure status than Turkish

Ronald D. Taylor; Gulter Oskay

1995-01-01

9

Technical Efficiencies of Turkish Hospitals: DEA Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses Data Envelopment Analysis to examine the technical efficiencies of 573 Turkish acute general hospitals. Inputs of number of beds, number of primary care physicians, and number of specialists, and how they are used to produce outputs of inpatient discharges, outpatient visits, and surgical operations, are examined. Results illustrate that less than ten percent of Turkish acute general

Korkut Ersoy; Sahin Kavuncubasi; Yasar A. Ozcan; James M. Harris II

1997-01-01

10

Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

2011-01-01

11

Internet addiction among Turkish young consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to profile young Turkish consumers by segmenting them over internet addiction. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – To profile the segments, the study analyses the internet addiction and its preceding factors among 313 Turkish high school internet user students, aged 15-18 years old, selected on a convenience basis. The data of this descriptive study were collected

Yonca Aslanbay; Muhiddin Aslanbay; Emine Çobano?lu

2009-01-01

12

A Character Recognizer for Turkish Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents particularly a contextual post processing subsystem for a Turkish machine printed character recognition system. The contextual post processing subsystem is based on positional binary 3- gram statistics for Turkish language, an error corrector parser and a lexicon, which contains root words and the inflected forms of the root words. Error corrector parser is used for correcting CR

Sait Ulas Korkmaz; G. Kirçiçegi; Y. Akinci; Volkan Atalay

2003-01-01

13

Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

2011-01-01

14

Concept maps and language: a Turkish experience  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concept maps are being used by an increasing number of educators in Europe and the US. This paper has four goals. First, it discusses problems in developing Novak's style concept maps in Turkish caused by linguistic differences between Turkish and English. Second, it reports the findings of a research study conducted to adapt concept maps to Turkish. Third, it recommends three methods for the adaptation resulting from research findings. Finally, it discusses the implications of the adaptation for educators worldwide and for future research.

Bagci Kilic, Gulsen

2003-11-01

15

The cultural contexts of Turkish Cypriot ethnic identity in contemporary north Cyprus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis examines the cultural contexts of Turkish Cypriot ethnic identity and resistance to Turkish socio-political influence in contemporary north Cyprus. As a result of Turkey’s political policy of increasing the “Turkishness” of north Cyprus, Turkish Cypriot ethnicity and culture are being politically assimilated into the pure “Turkish culture of Anatolia”. In response, many Turkish Cypriots are highlighting the intimate

Jonathan Ryan Arbuckle

2008-01-01

16

Anogenital Distance in Turkish Newborns  

PubMed Central

Objective: Anogenital distances are considered to be a sensitive indicator of external genitalia exposure to factors such as anti-androgens, and/or endocrine distruptors during the prenatal period. Exposure to such factors can lead to changes in the anogenital measurements (AGM) of newborn infants. These measurements can be used to predict masculinization of the external genitalia in healthy newborns. The goal of this study was to determine normal values for AGM in Turkish newborns of both genders. Methods: One hundred fifteen female and 135 male term newborns with no congenital defects were included in this study. A well-trained observer measured the anogenital distance by using a sliding Caliper graduated in millimeters. Anogenital distance was measured from the center of the anus to the posterior convergence of the fourchette in females and from the center of the anus to the junction of the smooth perineal skin with the base of the scrotum in males. Results: Anogenital distance in males and females was 23±0.6 mm and 10.3±0.2 mm, respectively. There were significant differences in anogenital distance values between male and female newborns (p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study provide data that can be used as reference standards with regard to AGM of the posterior genital structures in Turkish male and female newborns. These data will also serve in postnatal evaluations to determine the effects of prenatal exposures to factors affecting development of genitalia. Conflict of interest:None declared.

Konak, Belk?s; Cay?r, Atilla; Konak, Murat

2011-01-01

17

FDA Confirms Salmonella on Sunrise Commodities' Turkish ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

Information on FDA's investigation into Salmonella on Sunrise Commodities' Turkish Pine Nuts. ... Salmonella Page on FoodSafety.gov. -. -. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/recalls,%20outbreaks%20&%20emergencies/outbreaks

18

An Evaluation of Turkish Agricultural Production Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, productivity growth and technical changes in Turkish agriculture is measured for 1961 - 2001 period using Cobb-Douglas production function. Ridge regression estimating technique is used. The results indicate that the annual output growth rates ranged from 1.30% to 3.40% for the Turkish agricultural production in each of the 10-years period. Farm output growth is mainly due to

BAHRI KARLI; ABDULBAKI BILGIC

2006-01-01

19

Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

Isik, Erkan

2010-01-01

20

Psychological Adaptation of Turkish Students at U.S. Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of Turkish citizens entering the U.S. for their studies is growing more rapidly than almost any other group. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how acculturation factors affect psychological adaptation of Turkish students in the U.S. One hundred and twenty-four Turkish students participated in the study. Regression…

Bektas, Yelda; Demir, Ayhan; Bowden, Randall

2009-01-01

21

E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

Georgalas, Panagiotis

2012-01-01

22

Internet Learning Initiatives: How Well Do Turkish Virtual Classrooms Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the challenges of providing a meaningful learning experience on the Web. Summarizes results of a survey of 356 Turkish educational Internet users, in terms of popular Internet sites, examples of Turkish virtual classrooms, and drawbacks of Turkish virtual classrooms. (AEF)

Bayram, Servet

1999-01-01

23

Development of the Turkish Form of the Test Anxiety Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Turkish edition of the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI-T) was accomplished in three stages, each stage constituting an independent study with new samples. In the first study, using bilingual Turkish high school and college students, the transliteral equivalence between the Turkish and English TAI items were achieved. The second study, using a…

Oner, Necla

24

A new look at distance Turkish learning: Survival guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim for the study is to design a distance Turkish learning program for the Erasmus Exchange students who will study for one semester in Turkey and provide them with a chance to be able to practice beginning Turkish for daily communication through authentic visual and auditory language materials. Another aim is to develop a Turkish language learning model

Kenan Dikilitas; Abdullah Duvenci; Cigdem Aytekin

2009-01-01

25

Effects of Turkish Language Reform on Person Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of Turkish language reform, modern Turkish spans a range of styles from traditional to reformed. This range has political implications, in that traditional vocabulary is preferred by right-wing, traditionalist, and religious sectors of the population, while reformed terms are preferred by left-wing, modernist, and secular sectors. Turkish students were presented with matched pairs of paragraphs, differing only

Dan I. Slobin

1980-01-01

26

Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

Isik, Erkan

2010-01-01

27

Acquired Dyslexia in a Turkish-English Speaker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Turkish script is characterised by completely transparent bidirectional mappings between orthography and phonology. To date, there has been no reported evidence of acquired dyslexia in Turkish speakers leading to the naive view that reading and writing problems in Turkish are probably rare. We examined the extent to which phonological…

Raman, Ilhan; Weekes, Brendan S.

2005-01-01

28

TURKISH LITERARY READER. URALIC AND ALTAIC SERIES, VOLUME 22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS READER IS DESIGNED FOR THE SECOND-YEAR STUDENT OF TURKISH, AND PRESUPPOSES A KNOWLEDGE OF THE BASIC GRAMMATICAL RULES OF MODERN TURKISH. THE TEXTS WERE SELECTED FROM THE LITERATURE OF THE LAST 40 YEARS, TO REPRESENT THE PREDOMINANT MOOD OF MODERN TURKISH LETTERS. THE 16 PROSE SELECTIONS ARE ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY BY AUTHORS' BIRTH DATES.…

TIETZE, ANDREAS

29

PARENTING AND SOCIAL ROLES IN TURKISH TRADITIONAL FAMILIES: ISSUES AND CHOICES IN PARENTING FOR TURKISH EXPATRIATE FAMILIES LIVING IN BUCHAREST  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks into the issues and challenges of parenting in Turkish families upholding traditional values that live in Bucharest, the capital of Romania. Based on theoretical mainstreams on parenting and the structure of Turkish families, a qualitative research was designed with two aims. The first was to describe the issues and choices in parenting for Turkish expatriate families living

Ahmet ECIRLI

2012-01-01

30

Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents  

PubMed Central

We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity with age, whereas Turkish and Turkish Belgian adolescents were more religious regardless of age. Acculturating adolescents reaffirmed religion as compared with monocultural adolescents in Turkey. Religious reaffirmation was related to cultural values of interdependence, heritage culture maintenance, and ethnic identification.

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

2012-01-01

31

Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.  

PubMed

The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

2012-08-01

32

Personality traits of Turkish handgun license applicants.  

PubMed

Several theories have sought to explain the motivations for handgun possession and the relationship with personality. Perception of handguns also has cultural variations. The aim of the study is to evaluate handgun license applicants' personality profiles. 109 handgun license applicants were included in the study. Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) scores of the applicants were recorded. Scores were compared with Turkish and American normative data for the Inventory. The study group had significantly lower subscores on novelty seeking, harm avoidance, and higher subscores on reward dependence and persistence compared to Turkish norms and significantly lower subscores on novelty seeking, reward dependence, and self-directedness compared to American norms. Results indicate that Turkish handgun license applicants' personality features are more similar to American norms. PMID:23234086

Selek, Salih; Can, Serdar S; Yabanoglu, Ihsan

2012-10-01

33

Internet use among Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate Internet use habits and problematic Internet use (PIU) in Turkish adolescents. Participants were 3,975 undergraduate students, 7.6% of whom used the Internet for more than 12 hours weekly. The Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was used. The most common purpose for using the Internet was playing games, followed by general information search. Female users mostly preferred searching for general information; male users preferred playing games (p < 0.001, gamma = 995.205). The most preferred type of game was violent games. While preference for strategy and fantasy role-play (FRP) games increased with age, preference for other games decreased (p < 0.0001, gamma = 283.767). Participants who used the Internet mostly for general information searches and school-related searches had lower OCS scores (p < 0.0001). The highest OCS scores were related to violent games, followed by FRP, strategy, and sports and motor racing games. Computers and the Internet are useful, important inventions, but like other inventions, if used improperly, they may be harmful. Risk of harm raises concerns about who should use the Internet and computers, and where, when, and why the Internet and computers should be used. PMID:18785800

Tahiroglu, Aysegul Yolga; Celik, Gonca G; Uzel, Mehtap; Ozcan, Neslihan; Avci, Ayse

2008-10-01

34

Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

2009-01-01

35

Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

2009-01-01

36

General Outlook on Turkish Librarianship: UNAK-Turkish Platform of Law Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to give an overview of education of librarians, professional associations, publications and the types of libraries in Turkey. In addition, the activities of the Turkish Platform of Law Librarians and law librarianship in Turkey are presented.

Sami Çukadar; Kerem Kahvecio?lu

2010-01-01

37

Zipf's Law and Mandelbrot's Constants for Turkish Language Using Turkish Corpus (TurCo)  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Zipf’s Law is a common law applied for different kinds of observations. Many investigations were carried out to find the correspondences\\u000a between Zipf’s Law and different languages. This study deals with the correspondence of Turkish with Zipf’s Law and finding\\u000a Mandelbrot constants (c and B ) by using a large scale Turkish corpus (TurCo). In order to determine these constants, coefficient

Gökhan Dalkiliç; Yalçin Çebi

2004-01-01

38

TURKISH YOUTH IN THE EUROPEAN KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalisation and Europeanisation are complementary and partly overlapping processes that identify the increasingly supranational context in which political and educational systems are operating. This article explores how Turkish youth in two German and English secondary schools relate to the European knowledge economy, and how their political identities are shaped by school dynamics (ethos, curriculum and peer cultures) and social class

Daniel Faas

2007-01-01

39

Friendship Preferences among German and Turkish Preadolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined changes in and predictors of preference for same-ethnic friendships among German (N = 106) and Turkish (N = 45) preadolescents (M age = 10.4 years) during their 1st year in an ethnically heterogeneous school. Drawing on the contact hypothesis, it examined the relation between children's attitudes and their preference for…

Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter; Rutland, Adam

2011-01-01

40

Evidentials and Source Knowledge in Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has indicated that conceptual development in a specific domain may not be independent of the way it is mapped linguistically. We explore this claim in the semantic domain of evidentiality by considering various sets of data from Turkish-speaking children between one and a half to six years. We present evidence for (1) the…

Aksu-Koc, Ayhan; Ogel-Balaban, Hale; Alp, Ercan

2009-01-01

41

English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

Cetin, Gulcan

2007-01-01

42

(Non-)Peripheral Matters in Turkish Syntax  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the nature of word order variation in declarative and interrogative clauses in Turkish within the framework of the generative syntax. The specific issue that will be examined in this dissertation concerns the role of discourse-pragmatics in word order variation. I will argue that all movement…

Sener, Serkan

2010-01-01

43

Foreign banks: executive jobs for Turkish women?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the employment policies and practices of Turkish banks and how these practices affect the hiring and promotion of women. Turkey's banking sector consists of state-owned, private, and foreign banks. The overall restructuring of this sector along with the increase of foreign banks is an opportunity to enquire whether human resource

Oya Culpan; Toni Marzotto; Nazmi Demir

2007-01-01

44

Mineral matter identification of some Turkish lignites  

SciTech Connect

Samples of 15 Turkish lignites were oxidized by performic acid. Their mineral matter was isolated without any important chemical decomposition. The X-ray diffraction method was employed to determine the mineral species in the isolated mineral matter and in the ashes of the lignite samples. The results were compared and discussed.

Yaman, S.; Taptik, Y.; Kuecuekbayrak, S.; Kadioglu, E. [Istanbul Technical Univ. (Turkey). Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty

1995-01-01

45

Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

Alkis, Secil

2009-01-01

46

Occurrence of ochratoxin A in Turkish wines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 95 wine samples including 34 white, 10 rosé and 51 red wines originating from four different Turkish areas were analysed for ochratoxin A (OTA). An analytical method based on immunoaffinity column (IAC) for clean-up and high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FD) was used to determine OTA in wines. The limit of detection (LOD) was estimated

I. Var; B. Kabak

2007-01-01

47

An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with

Erkan Erdogdu

2011-01-01

48

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

49

Crystallographic patterns in nature and Turkish art  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, crystallographic aspects of ancient, medieval and modern Turkish ornaments are dealt with. Crystallographic patterns (CPs) are considerably different from other patterns. The following are characteristic of CPs: the edge of ornament elements draws the edge of the figure; maximal compactness of the ornament elements; lack of background or transformation of background to ornament elements; minimization of the

Hacali Necefoglu

2003-01-01

50

Perceptions of Creativity by Turkish Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to determine whether Turkish student teachers have implicit opinions regarding creativity. For this purpose, whether the student teachers' genders, backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels created significant differences on the formation of their implicit opinions regarding creativity was examined. First, the What Do You…

Dikici, Ayhan

2012-01-01

51

Discourse Anaphora in Turkish as Mother Tongue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper researches the abilities of Turkish adults from Bulgaria to create narratives. It analyses the narratives of the adults using discourse strategies. The findings show some problems of bilingual adults in creating narratives which are not discussed in the scientific literature. This paper brings some new knowledge to the field of…

Kyuchukov, Hristo

2009-01-01

52

Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

Aydin, Bahri

2010-01-01

53

Psychiatric Problems of Turkish Labourers in Holland  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study is made of factors associated with adjustment and neurosis among male Turkish migrants in Amsterdam. A random sample of 180 with a mean age of 34 years were screened with the Cornell Medical Index. Forty-five per cent were deemed to be neurotic. On comparison with the normals it was found that neurosis was associated with high levels of

Isik Sayil

1984-01-01

54

The Turkish accelerator complex IR FEL project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish accelerator complex (TAC) project was approved by State Planning Organization (DPT) of Turkey in 2006. The complex will contain a linac-ring type electron–positron collider as a particle factory and different accelerator based light sources. As a first step to the national center, the construction of an IR FEL facility is planned until 2011. It is also planned that the

Avni Aksoy; Özlem Karsli; Ömer Yavas

2008-01-01

55

Clinical characteristics in 113 Turkish vitiligo patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and design: This study assesses clinical findings and coexisting dermatological and systemic diseases of Turkish vitiligo patients. Materials and methods: One hundred and thirteen patients were included in the study over a 2-year period. Patients were diagnosed by clinical findings and Wood's lamp. Each patient's age, sex, date of onset, first localization, clinical type, disease activity, coexisting systemic or

Ö. Arýcan; K. Koç; L. Ersoy

56

Discourse Anaphora in Turkish as Mother Tongue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present paper researches the abilities of Turkish adults from Bulgaria to create narratives. It analyses the narratives of the adults using discourse strategies. The findings show some problems of bilingual adults in creating narratives which are not discussed in the scientific literature. This paper brings some new knowledge to the field of…

Kyuchukov, Hristo

2009-01-01

57

Evidentials and Source Knowledge in Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research has indicated that conceptual development in a specific domain may not be independent of the way it is mapped linguistically. We explore this claim in the semantic domain of evidentiality by considering various sets of data from Turkish-speaking children between one and a half to six years. We present evidence for (1) the…

Aksu-Koc, Ayhan; Ogel-Balaban, Hale; Alp, Ercan

2009-01-01

58

Korea Research Reactor -1 & 2 Decommissioning Project in Korea  

SciTech Connect

Korea Research Reactor 1 (KRR-1), the first research reactor in Korea, has been operated since 1962, and the second one, Korea Research Reactor 2 (KRR-2) since 1972. The operation of both of them was phased out in 1995 due to their lifetime and operation of the new and more powerful research reactor, HANARO (High-flux Advanced Neutron Application Reactor; 30MW). Both are TRIGA Pool type reactors in which the cores are small self-contained units sitting in tanks filled with cooling water. The KRR-1 is a TRIGA Mark II, which could operate at a level of up to 250 kW. The second one, the KRR-2 is a TRIGA Mark III, which could operate at a level of up 2,000 kW. The decontamination and decommissioning (D & D) project of these two research reactors, the first D & D project in Korea, was started in January 1997 and will be completed to stage 3 by 2008. The aim of this decommissioning program is to decommission the KRR-1 & 2 reactors and to decontaminate the residual building structure s and the site to release them as unrestricted areas. KAERI (Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) submitted the decommissioning plan and the environmental impact assessment reports to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) for the license in December 1998, and was approved in November 2000.

Park, S. K.; Chung, U. S.; Jung, K. J.; Park, J. H.

2003-02-24

59

Evolutionary Explanations of Syrian—Turkish Water Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issues of water and territory dominate relations between Syria and Turkey, upstream and downstream riparians in the Euphrates\\u000a and Tigris basin. This chapter propose an evolutionary game to explore eventual trajectories of riparian relations. Turkish\\u000a hawks are defined as those Turkish foreign policies that support no water concessions. Turkish doves can instead support the\\u000a flow of an increased amount

Serdar ? Güner

60

An empirical investigation of Turkish cola market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to present a broad view and analysis of brand switching attitudes of cola consumers in Turkish cola market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Presents the results of a questionnaire, conducted with 855 university students. Brand preferences and loyalty towards cola drinks were investigated by frequency distributions, T-tests and cross-tabulations, using particular factors such as purchasing

Dilber Ulas; H. Bader Arslan

2006-01-01

61

Trace Elements in Obese Turkish Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of the diet of obese children is poor. Eating habits may alter micronutrient status in obese patients. In this\\u000a study, we determined the serum levels of selenium, zinc, vanadium, molybdenum, iron, copper, beryllium, boron, chromium, manganese,\\u000a cobalt, silver, barium, aluminum, nickel, cadmium, mercury, and lead in obese Turkish children. Thirty-four obese and 33 healthy\\u000a control subjects were enrolled

Mehmet Emre Tascilar; Ilker Tolga Ozgen; Ayhan Abaci; Muhittin Serdar; Osman Aykut

62

Social anxiety level in Turkish adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social phobia is a mental disorder characterized by extreme and consistent fear of meeting new people, scrutiny in a variety\\u000a of performance and\\/or interactional situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of self-reported social\\u000a anxiety in a community sample of Turkish adolescents and the relationship between social anxiety and some sociodemographic\\u000a parameters. This study was a

Nursu Cakin Memik; Sahika G. Sismanlar; Ozlem Yildiz; Isik Karakaya; Cavit Isik; Belma Agaoglu

2010-01-01

63

Daily Life of a Turkish Medical Oncologist  

PubMed Central

There are many changes occurring in the Turkish health care system, including but not limited to consolidation of public hospitals and administrative takeover of some university hospitals by the Ministry of Health. Because of its unique situation, Marmara University Hospital is at the center of these changes. The adaptation process will continue for another year or so, after which it is hoped that a better health care environment will have been created for patients with cancer in Turkey.

Serdar Turhal, Nazim

2012-01-01

64

Discursive Constructions of Language and Identity: Parents' Competing Perspectives in London Turkish Complementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I…

Lytra, Vally

2012-01-01

65

Discursive constructions of language and identity: parents' competing perspectives in London Turkish complementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents’ constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents’ evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I demonstrate how parents brought up in Turkey and Cyprus

Vally Lytra

2011-01-01

66

Discursive constructions of language and identity: parents' competing perspectives in London Turkish complementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I demonstrate how parents brought up in Turkey and Cyprus

Vally Lytra

2012-01-01

67

Discursive Constructions of Language and Identity: Parents' Competing Perspectives in London Turkish Complementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I…

Lytra, Vally

2012-01-01

68

Opposites attract: The case of Greek and Turkish financial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the presence of financial linkages between Turkey and Greece. In particular, we estimate bivariate vector error correction systems between the Greek and Turkish stock markets and then between the Greek Drachma and the Turkish Lira to test for long and short run causality and interdependence. The findings indicate that interdependence and a long-run causal relationship are indeed present.

Konstantinos Drakos; Ali M. Kutan

2001-01-01

69

Turkish Nasreddin Hoca's Appearance as the Uzbek Afandi1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with the development of Turkish Nasreddin Hoca anecdotes in Central Asia. Compared with the Turkish tradition, the contribution of the Turkic peoples of Central Asia to the corpus of Nasreddin Hoca anecdotes is not yet sufficiently analysed. After the printed Ottoman version (Istanbul 1837) became the starting point for the Uzbek stories of Nasriddin Afandi or Afandi—as

Heidi Stein

2007-01-01

70

SUBJECTIVE AGE IDENTITY & PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING IN TURKISH ELDERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined subjective age identity and the relationship between subjective age identity and psychological well-being in a Turkish sample of older adults. The sample was comprised of 60 Turkish elders aged 59 to 103 years. The results indicated that the participants felt significantly younger than their chronological ages and believed that they were treated as significantly younger than their

Rübab G. Arim; Anita M. Hubley; Milena D'Almeida

71

Turkish prospective teachers’ understanding and misunderstanding on global warming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers’ opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers’ views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true–false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies education and primary school education departments of three universities in Turkey.

A. Ocal; M. Kisoglu; A. Alas; H. Gurbuz

2011-01-01

72

US/Turkish Relationships After Operation Iraqi Freedom.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On March 1, 2003 the Turkish Parliament voted not to allow US Forces to use Turkish bases during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM. This vote stunned the United States. The United States and Turkey have been dose partners since the beginning of the Cold War and the...

H. L. Hammond

2004-01-01

73

Development of English Academic Writing Competence by Turkish Scholars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how a group of 13 Turkish scholars from the humanities faculty of a prominent Turkish university perceive the development of their discipline-specific second lan- guage writing skills. Personal interviews were used to elicit data and excerpts from the interviews have been recorded in this paper. The acquisition strategies identified in the data reveal that the acquisition of

Louisa Buckingham

74

A Conjoint analysis of Turkish consumer preferences for energy drinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to examine the importance of product attributes of energy drinks in consumer choice. A conjoint based survey was administered to 126 Turkish consumers to examine how they made energy drink choice decisions. Our results indicate that Turkish consumers valued brand name, price and taste as the most important product attributes for their choices while

Celile ÖZÇ?ÇEK DÖLEKO?LU; Ali KARA; Gürkan EREL; Oscar W DeShields

2010-01-01

75

Domestic violence during pregnancy in Turkish and Moroccan communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a project implemented in midwifery practices in Amsterdam, in 2004. Turkish and Moroccan outreach workers were trained to offer information and education about domestic violence and to identify signs of domestic violence experienced by pregnant Turkish and Moroccan women. Domestic violence often starts in pregnancy. These preg- nant women disclosed their experiences with domestic violence to the

Dineke G. Korfker; Marlies E. B. Rijnders

76

A Turkish Version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to enhance social skills instruction in Turkey, the present study highlights the process and outcome of creating a Turkish-language version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), originally developed by Merrell (1993). The social skills of the Turkish pre-and elementary school students were based on the Likert scale. The analyses of…

Yukay-Yuksel, Muge

2009-01-01

77

"Turkish Modernization," Democracy, and Education: An Analysis from Dewey's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dewey is an important representative of the libertarian education movement, which has its roots based on the values of the enlightenment. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between "Turkish modernization" and education from Dewey's perspective. In the paper, the place and effect of Dewey in the Turkish pedagogical vision was analyzed…

Ozsoy, Seckin

2009-01-01

78

What Trends Do Turkish Biology Education Studies Indicate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to determine what trends Turkish biology education studies indicate. To achieve this aim, the researchers examined online databases of the Higher Education Council and open access archives of graduate theses in web sites of Turkish universities. Finally, totally 138 graduate theses were elicited to analyze in regard to…

Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Calik, Muammer; Cavus, Ragip

2012-01-01

79

Turkish Parents' Dialogical Storybook Reading Experiences: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dialogical storybook reading is a technique that supports the language skills competencies of children. With this study the dialogical storybook reading technique is introduced to Turkish parents. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the Turkish parents' experiences with dialogical storybook reading technique. The data were…

Kotaman, Huseyin

2007-01-01

80

Shyness and Cognitions: An Examination of Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness

Selda Koydemir; Ayhan Demir

2008-01-01

81

Sex-Role Influences on Turkish Adolescents' Self-Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was undertaken to investigate sex role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of an international self-identity research project. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to examine the role gender plays in the value systems of Turkish adolescents through a questionnaire. A total of 154 male and 119 female…

Yildirim, Ali

82

Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about language learning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explore what beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL), how their belief systems were…

Oz, Huseyin

2007-01-01

83

Brain potential correlates of number errors in the Turkish language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 16 native speakers of Turkish while they watched Turkish sentences flashed upon the screen of a videomonitor. The sentences were three words long and contained a verb at the terminal position that was manipulated (1) to have either the correct or the incorrect number with regard to the subject of the sentence, and (2)

Thomas F. Münte; Erdem Anvari; Mike Matzke; Sönke Johannes

1995-01-01

84

Gender issues and the women of the Turkish National Police  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the cultural context and gender issues of the policewomen of Ankara, Turkey, a modern, secular, Muslim city. The authors provide a brief history of the status of women in Turkey, and analyze the place of women both in the current Turkish labor market and within the Turkish police. A non?random, open?ended survey was done of various

Kübra Gültekin; Ellen C. Leichtman; Carole G. Garrison

2010-01-01

85

Exploring Turkish Upper Primary Level Pupils' Understanding of Digestion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The…

Cakici, Yilmaz

2005-01-01

86

Institutional and transaction cost determinants of Turkish MNEs' location choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Drawing on institutional and transaction cost theories, the purpose of this paper is to examine the location choice for a sample of 522 foreign affiliates of Turkish multinational enterprises (MNEs). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Binary logistic regressions are conducted to test a number of hypotheses on the functional relationships between the hypothesized effect of variables and location choice of Turkish

Mehmet Demirbag; Ekrem Tatoglu; Keith W. Glaister

2010-01-01

87

Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

2011-01-01

88

Constitutive Discourse of Turkish Nationalism: Atatürk's Nutuk and the Rhetorical Construction of the “Turkish People”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the “Great Speech” Nutuk, delivered in 1927 by Turkey's founder, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In analyzing Nutuk and its rhetorical features, we identify the mythic underpinnings Atatürk employed to construct a modern “Turkish people.” We use this case to further our understanding of the constitutive discourses of nationalism. We believe Atatürk's Nutuk provides a profitable discourse to think

Aysel Morin; Ronald Lee

2010-01-01

89

Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

2012-01-01

90

Specific Language Impairment in Turkish: Evidence from Case Morphology in Turkish-German Successive Bilinguals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Language disorders, and Specific Language Impairment (SLI), have been extensively studied in a number of different, though thus far almost exclusively Indoeuropean, languages. For other languages such as Turkish, Vietnamese, or Arabic, however, findings on the outcome of SLI are rare. In this context, the growing number of migrant children in…

Rothweiler, Monika; Chilla, Solveig; Babur, Ezel

2010-01-01

91

Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

2012-01-01

92

Somatic and Emotional Well-Being Among Turkish Immigrants in Belgium: Acculturation or Culture?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present studies investigate differences in well-being between Turkish immigrants, Belgian majority members, and Turkish majority members. Furthermore, the relationships between two acculturation dimensions (adaptation and maintenance) and well-being is investigated within the immigrant group. In a first study, somatic well-being is studied in a sample of 519 Belgian majority members, 229 Turkish immigrants, and 232 Turkish majority members. Turkish

Koen Beirens; Johnny R. J. Fontaine

2011-01-01

93

[One hundred and forty years of Turkish civilian and Turkish military hospital in Sarajevo].  

PubMed

This year BIH health celebrates two anniversaries: One hundred and forty years of Turkish civilian and Turkish military hospital in Sarajevo. During Ottoman period in Bosnian pasha region, Oman authorities have founded several military (in each bigger center it has been established military hospital of the Turkish Army) and five civil hospitals, mostly financed from vakuf (Islamic charity) funds. However, first hospital institution in BIH was located in Hadzi Sinan tekija at Mihrivode in Sarajevo, where was located special room for treatment, of mostly physiological patients, using zikr (spiritual ritual). By second half of 19th century civil populations were cured in homes, and wealthy citizens had their own private physicians who used to come with purpose or temporary from Dalmatian or neighboring countries bringing with them appropriate medications. By establishment of mentioned hospitals, other populations were treated by barbers, ranar (specialist for wounds), travar (person who treats patients with grass), and attars who had attar shops with medications purchased from Osman imperia or neighboring western countries. Drugs were prescribed to patients from Ijekarusa (drug prescription book), who were copied from generations and religion books, religion authorities of all confessions or from originals and copies of Arabic medical books which were brought by individuals going to Arabic countries (Mecca, Istanbul, Cairo, etc.). Mentioned hospitals, founded during Osman period (Sarajevo, Tuzla, Mostar, Travnik, Bihac) had key role in the history of BIH health, and they were basis for latter established regional and municipality hospitals founded in the Austria-Hungarian period. In the paper are described Turkish military and Turkish civil hospital established in June 1866 and in October 1866. PMID:16528939

Masi?, Izet

2006-01-01

94

Composition of the Turkish Cumin Seed Oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The steam and water distilled oils of Turkish cumin seed (Cuminumcyminum L.) were examined by a combination of GC and GC\\/MS. The major compounds characterized in the oils were cuminaldehyde (19.25–27.02%), p-mentha-l,3-dien-7-al (4.29–12.26%), p-mentha-l,4-dien-7-al (24.48–44.91%), ?-terpinene (7.06–14.10%), p-cymene (4.61–12.01%) and ?-pinene (2.98–8.90%). The mode of distillation and pregrinding of the cumin seed had a pronounced effect on the composition of

K. H. C. Baser; M. Kürkçüoglu; T. Özek

1992-01-01

95

Schizophrenia in Turkish newspapers : retrospective scanning study.  

PubMed

The attitude of mass media is a strong determinant for stigmatisation since the majority of the society gets exposed to psychiatric disorders via either written or visual media. In this study we explored to demonstrate the meaning attributed to the word schizophrenia in Turkish written printed media. We screened the online sites of 12 national newspapers which allow word scanning between the dates January 1, 2001 and May 1, 2006. The searched terms appeared in a total of 878 texts. In all twelve newspapers, the terms "Schizophrenia", "Schizophrene", or "Schizophrenic" appeared once every 2.2 days. While a positive referral appeared once in every 12.2 days, a negative referral or metaphoric use was seen once every 3.1 days. Among the 878 texts scanned, in 491(55.9%) the searched terms appeared with reference to the disease and in 387 (44.1%) the searched terms were used metaphorically. Considering the assumption the negative reporting may have a stronger impact than positive reporting, it is possible to suggest that Turkish newspapers are raising stigmatisation. It is meaningful that the name of a disease is used almost with equal frequency as a metaphoric term. In our study, higher rates of metaphoric use observed can be explained with the fact that in Turkey the word Schizophrenia is attributed with strong negative perception. PMID:17502973

Boke, Omer; Aker, Servet; Alptekin Aker, Arzu; Sarisoy, Gokhan; Sahin, Ahmet Rifat

2007-05-14

96

Water key ingredient in Turkish farming  

SciTech Connect

Turkey, like most other Mediterranean countries, is an arid country, notes Mehmet Aydin, professor of soil science at Cukorova University in Adama, Turkey. And like most other Mediterranean countries, Aydin adds, Turkey is experiencing a population beam. In the past three decades, this increase in population has put a strain on the land. The boom, in fact, {open_quotes}has led to overgrazing, more intense cultivation, and greater harvest of shrubs and trees for firewood.{close_quotes} In 1987, the Turkish government launched the Southeastern Anatolian Development Project. Its goal is to bring irrigation and hydroelectric power to the area along the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. {open_quotes}When the project is complete, it will carry irrigation water to an estimated 4 million acres and create some 26 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity per year,{close_quotes} Aydin notes. The Southeastern Anatolian Development Project {open_quotes}will usher in an era of modern agriculture for Turkish farmers, one based on high-yield systems that are as sustainable as they are productive,{close_quotes} Aydin concludes.

Aydin, M. [Cukorova Univ., Adana (Turkey)

1995-12-31

97

A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.|

Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

2007-01-01

98

Document Generator Software Design That Supports Turkish Alphabet.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this study is to design and implement software for an automatic document generator supporting the Turkish alphabet. THe implementation in this study is mainly based on IBM personal computers and dot matrix printers. Theses. (FR)

M. Akinci

1988-01-01

99

A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

2007-01-01

100

Analysis of mismatch repair gene mutations in Turkish HNPCC patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome) is caused by the inheritance of a mutant allele of a\\u000a DNA mismatch repair gene. We aimed to investigate types and frequencies of mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations in Turkish\\u000a patients with HNPCC and to identify specific biomarkers for early diagnosis of their non-symptomatic kindred’s. The molecular\\u000a characteristics of 28 Turkish colorectal

Berrin Tunca; Monica Pedroni; Gulsah Cecener; Unal Egeli; Enrica Borsi; Abdullah Zorluoglu; Carmela Di Gregorio; Tuncay Yilmazlar; Omer Yerci; Maurizio Ponz de Leon

2010-01-01

101

Signalling in the Turkish-Syrian Water Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a simple two-person game of one-sided incomplete information in extensive form to understand strategic choices made in the Turkish-Syrian linkage between water and terrorism. Turkish intelligence established Syrian support of a terrorist group that aims at an independent Kurdish state in eastern Anatolia. Yet, Turkey frequently stipulates the cessation of this support for negotiating with Syria a

Serdar Güner

1998-01-01

102

On the Cryptographic Patterns and Frequencies in Turkish Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Turkish is a significant language with over 60 million native speakers, its cryptographic characteristics are relatively\\u000a unknown. In this paper, some language patterns and frequencies of Turkish (such as letter frequency profile, letter contact\\u000a patterns, most frequent digrams, trigrams and words, common word beginnings and endings, vowel\\/consonant patterns, etc.) relevant\\u000a to information security, cryptography and plaintext recognition applications are

Mehmet Emin Dalkiliç; Gökhan Dalkiliç

2002-01-01

103

Using morphology in English-Turkish statistical machine translation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, statistical machine translation approaches for English-Turkish language couple are offered using morphological analysis in order to achieve different sub-lexical representations on SIU corpus. For language pairs having different inflectional morphologies like English-Turkish language pair, statistical machine translation efforts which use word forms as basic translation unit generally shows low performance. Hence, using different sub-lexical representations instead of

Onur Gorgun; Olcay Taner Yildiz

2012-01-01

104

Turkish Language Resources: Morphological Parser, Morphological Disambiguator and Web Corpus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a set of language resources for building Turkish language processing applications. Specifically,\\u000a we present a finite-state implementation of a morphological parser, an averaged perceptron-based morphological disambiguator,\\u000a and compilation of a web corpus. Turkish is an agglutinative language with a highly productive inflectional and derivational\\u000a morphology. We present an implementation of a morphological parser based on

Hasim Sak; Tunga Güngör; Murat Saraclar

2008-01-01

105

Turkish - English cross language information retrieval using LSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study of Turkish-English cross language information retrieval (CLIR) system. One of the biggest issues with CLIR studies is to access to bi-lingual parallel corpus. So, the first step of this study was to construct a parallel Turkish-English corpus. We have constructed a corpus that has 1801 parallel documents. The corpus has been divided in to two

Erbug Celebi; Baturman Sen; Burak Günel

2009-01-01

106

Variability of Turkish precipitation compared to El Niño events  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potential effects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) warm extreme on the Turkish monthly precipitation totals between 1931 and 1990 were investigated using precipitation data from more than one hundred and eight Turkish meteorological stations. The data were normalized by using the annual total precipitation to minimize the probable topographical effects. A quiet standard annual variation was determined by month-by-month

Mikdat Kadioglu; Yurdanur Tulunay; Yunus Borhan

1999-01-01

107

Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants  

PubMed Central

Background People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, level of education, and experience of illness and treatment. This study examines illness causal beliefs in Turkish-immigrants in Australia. Methods Causal beliefs about somatic and mental illness were examined in a sample of 444 members of the Turkish population of Melbourne. The socio-demographic characteristics of the sample were broadly similar to those of the Melbourne Turkish community. Five issues were examined: the structure of causal beliefs; the relative frequency of natural, supernatural and metaphysical beliefs; ascription of somatic, mental, or both somatic and mental conditions to the various causes; the correlations of belief types with socio-demographic, modernizing and acculturation variables; and the relationship between causal beliefs and current illness. Results Principal components analysis revealed two broad factors, accounting for 58 percent of the variation in scores on illness belief scales, distinctly interpretable as natural and supernatural beliefs. Second, beliefs in natural causes were more frequent than beliefs in supernatural causes. Third, some causal beliefs were commonly linked to both somatic and mental conditions while others were regarded as more specific to either somatic or mental disorders. Last, there was a range of correlations between endorsement of belief types and factors defining heterogeneity within the community, including with demographic factors, indicators of modernizing and acculturative processes, and the current presence of illness. Conclusion Results supported the classification of causal beliefs proposed by Murdock, Wilson & Frederick, with a division into natural and supernatural causes. While belief in natural causes is more common, belief in supernatural causes persists despite modernizing and acculturative influences. Different types of causal beliefs are held in relation to somatic or mental illness, and a variety of apparently logically incompatible beliefs may be concurrently held. Illness causal beliefs are dynamic and are related to demographic, modernizing, and acculturative factors, and to the current presence of illness. Any assumption of uniformity of illness causal beliefs within a community, even one that is relatively culturally homogeneous, is likely to be misleading. A better understanding of the diversity, and determinants, of illness causal beliefs can be of value in improving our understanding of illness experience, the clinical process, and in developing more effective health services and population health strategies.

Minas, Harry; Klimidis, Steven; Tuncer, Can

2007-01-01

108

Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.  

PubMed

This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

2011-01-01

109

Methylmercury in hair fisherman for Turkish coasts  

SciTech Connect

Environmental methylmercury mainly arises from the methylation of inorganic mercury. The change in speciation of mercury from inorganic to methylated forms is the first step in the aquatic bioaccumulation processes. The bioconcentration factor of methylmercury in fish tissue to that in water is usually between 10{sup 4} and 10{sup 5}. Among seafood, fish products are the main source of methylmercury absorbed by men from the environment. Since Minimata epidemic health injuries and deaths in relation to mercury pollution, environmental and biological monitoring of inorganic and organic mercury species has gained importance through out the world and many reports have been published on the health effects and biological monitoring of mercury compounds including some Mediterranean countries. This study focuses on methylmercury in hair of fisherman living in different geographical Turkish coasts and relationship to eating fish habit. 17 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Vural, N. [Ankara Univ. (Turkey); Uenlue, H. [Posion Information Centre, Ankara (Turkey)

1996-10-01

110

Smoking determinants in Turkish university students.  

PubMed

The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 +/- 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence. PMID:19742158

Celikel, Feryal C; Celikel, Serhat; Erkorkmaz, Unal

2009-08-12

111

The Turkish accelerator complex IR FEL project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Turkish accelerator complex (TAC) project was approved by State Planning Organization (DPT) of Turkey in 2006. The complex will contain a linac-ring type electron positron collider as a particle factory and different accelerator based light sources. As a first step to the national center, the construction of an IR FEL facility is planned until 2011. It is also planned that the technical design report for TAC will be completed in 2010. The TAC IR FEL facility will consist of an electron linac in the range of 15 40 MeV energy to obtain FEL in 2 185 microns range. In this study, the preliminary parameters of TAC IR FEL facility were presented. The possible using of the obtained FEL in material science, nonlinear optics, semiconductors, biotechnology, medicine and photochemical processes were discussed.

Aksoy, Avni; Karsl?, Özlem; Yava?, Ömer

2008-05-01

112

Steady-state thermal hydraulic analysis of the equilibrium core of Pakistan research reactor-1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Steady-state thermal hydraulic analysis of Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) has been carried out. RELAP5\\/Mod 3.4 (a best-estimate system code) was employed. PARR-1 is a swimming pool type research reactor using MTR (Material Testing Reactor) type fuel. It uses low enriched uranium (

I. H. Bokhari; T. Mahmood; K. S. Chaudri

2007-01-01

113

Performance evaluation\\/analysis of Pakistan Research Reactor1 (PARR1) current core configuration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neutronic and thermal hydraulic analyses have been carried out for current core of Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1). Comparison was made between calculated and measured key neutronic parameters. Reactor core parameters important for reactor operation and safety have been calculated. Calculated neutronic parameters include: excess reactivity, shut down margin, control rod worth, peak power density location, criticality position, peaking factors, neutron

Tayyab Mahmood; Ishtiaq Hussain Bokhari; Masood Iqbal; Tariq Mahmood; Naseer Ahmed; Muhammad Israr

2011-01-01

114

Success Breeds Success. Moroccan and Turkish Student Mentors in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of all the major migrant groups in theNetherlands, Turkish and Moroccan pupilsperform the least well in school. Althoughsmaller in number there is also a Turkish andMoroccan group that is successful in school. Inseveral projects these successful Turkish andMoroccan higher education students give, as astudent mentor, guidance and counselling toTurkish and Moroccan pupils in secondaryeducation. International literature hasextensively reviewed the effects

Maurice Crul

2002-01-01

115

Turkish commanders discuss counterterrorism strategies and lessons learned from 25 years of fighting the PKK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is an extended book review of the Turkish book Commanders' Front (Komutanlar Cephesi, Istanbul: Detay Publishing, 2007), written by prominent Turkish journalist Fikret Bila, who compiled a series of interviews with retired Turkish military commanders and two former presidents. It provides a foreign perspective on counterinsurgency\\/terrorism strategies and lessons learned from Turkey's small war against the Kurdistan Workers'

Karen Kaya

2012-01-01

116

Transfer at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Pronominal Subjects in Bilingual Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the issue of crosslinguistic influence in the domain of subject realization in Turkish in simultaneous acquisition of Turkish and English. The use of subjects in a null subject language like Turkish is a phenomenon linked to the pragmatics-syntax interface of the grammar and, thus, is a domain where crosslinguistic…

Haznedar, Belma

2010-01-01

117

Using the Identity Processing Style Q-Sort to Examine Identity Styles of Turkish Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on two studies with Turkish young adults that used the Turkish version of the Identity Processing Style Q-Sort (IPSQ). The IPSQ is based on Berzonsky's informational, normative, and diffused identity styles. Participants sort descriptors of the styles into columns ranging from most to least like them. Patterns in Turkish young…

Eryigit, Suna; Kerpelman, Jennifer

2009-01-01

118

Developing and Testing a Turkish Version of Torrance's Tests of Creative Thinking: A Study of Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study had two purposes. The first was to translate one of the most popular creativity measures in the West, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, into Turkish and to check the equivalency of the Turkish version against the original English measure. The second, after developing an equivalent form of the TTCT in Turkish, was to…

Aslan, A. Esra; Puccio, Gerard J.

2006-01-01

119

The Adaptation of the Constructive Thinking Inventory (CTI) to Turkish, Language Validity, & Psychometric Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to adapt the CTI to Turkish and investigate the Turkish version of the CTI . First, the CTI items were translated to Turkish and translation validity of the items were investigated. Second, for the language equivalency of the CTI, 42 ESL teachers from eight different secondary schools in Istanbul were selected as a…

Tosun, Ulku; Karadag, Engin

2008-01-01

120

An Analysis of the Strenghts and Weaknesses of the Turkish Real Estate Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real estate is one of the foremost and traditional investments for Turkish household. In addition to this traditional demand, it has also observed that Turkish real estate market becomes one of the popular investment destination for foreign investors. 2003-2007 period would be accepted as the boom period for Turkish economy in general and real estate sector in specific. Although there

Yener Coskun

2010-01-01

121

New product development in the Turkish tourism market: the case of football tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish tourism industry is mainly dependent on international tourists visiting the country in the summer season for sun and sea tourism. Given the vulnerability of the Turkish tourism industry and the fact that there are recent trends which influence tourism demand, an urgent need arises to diversify tourism products in the Turkish tourism industry. It is established that sport tourism

Erdogan Koc

2005-01-01

122

A concatenative Turkish text-to-speech system and evaluation process  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a concatenative text-to-speech system for Turkish is built. The system uses simple techniques and the concatenation units are obtained from the atomic units. This approach is very well suited for Turkish language structure and it is flexible enough to allow the synthesis of all types texts. The Turkish TTS system is tested considering the naturalness and intelligibility

Zeynep Orhan; Zeliha Görmez

2009-01-01

123

Determining the Comprehensibility of Texts in Sixth Grade Turkish Course Books  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Texts are stated to have an important role in Turkish language education relevant to the goals stated in the Primary Schools Turkish Lesson Teaching Program and Guide (2006), and in the formation and improvement of the individual's reading culture. The aim of the study is to determine the comprehensibility levels of the texts in the Turkish

Iseri, Kamil

2010-01-01

124

Developing and Testing a Turkish Version of Torrance's Tests of Creative Thinking: A Study of Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study had two purposes. The first was to translate one of the most popular creativity measures in the West, the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, into Turkish and to check the equivalency of the Turkish version against the original English measure. The second, after developing an equivalent form of the TTCT in Turkish, was to…

Aslan, A. Esra; Puccio, Gerard J.

2006-01-01

125

Validity and Reliability of a Turkish Version of the Friendship Activity Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Turkish version of the Friendship Activity Scale (FAS). Both the English and Turkish versions of the FAS were administered to 36 students to check for language equivalence. The Turkish version of the FAS was then administered to 226 students to ensure internal consistency, and to 61…

Nalbant, Sibel; Aktop, Abdurrahman; Ozer, Dilara; Hutzler, Yeshayahu

2011-01-01

126

The Adaptation of the Constructive Thinking Inventory (CTI) to Turkish, Language Validity, & Psychometric Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to adapt the CTI to Turkish and investigate the Turkish version of the CTI . First, the CTI items were translated to Turkish and translation validity of the items were investigated. Second, for the language equivalency of the CTI, 42 ESL teachers from eight different secondary schools in Istanbul were selected as a…

Tosun, Ulku; Karadag, Engin

2008-01-01

127

Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

Otcu, Bahar

2010-01-01

128

American style or Turkish chair: the triumph of bodily comfort.  

PubMed

This article investigates the reciprocal influence of Ottoman Turkish and American interiors in the development of seating furniture. Seating furniture is unique because it involves a direct and physical interaction between the piece of furniture and the body, while at the same time it is part of a public space where social interactions occur. I will argue that the interactions between the Ottoman Turks and Americans are reflected in the way these traditions modified their seating furniture as they sought to mediate cultural, political and social differences between them. The concept of bodily comfort will serve as a common thread in understanding the origin of the expression "American style" (Amerikan stili or Amerikan tarz?) in modern Turkish language, the "Turkish chairs" in Victorian America in the late nineteenth century and the English language use of words such as sofa, ottoman and divan. PMID:21114093

Çevik, Gülen

2010-01-01

129

Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners  

SciTech Connect

This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

2007-02-15

130

Mal de Meleda: a review of Turkish reports.  

PubMed

Keratoderma Palmoplantare Transgrediens or mal de Meleda (MDM) is a very rare, inherited disorder. Its name derives from the island of Meleda. Although, MDM has been reported from many different countries, only two Turkish patients with MDM have been reported in the international literature. Our six cases of MDM are reported, and retrospective analysis of published Turkish patients with MDM is included. We review the clinical characteristics, associated findings, consanguinity, and family history of the cases. In total, 26 Turkish cases of MDM including ours have been documented. Ten cases showed various nail abnormalities, the most common associated feature. We add 24 new cases from Turkey to the list in the literature. Our findings suggest that the MDM gene may also have originated elsewhere than in Mljet. PMID:11092272

Ayman, T; Yerebakan, O; Yilmaz, E

2000-10-01

131

Trace elements in obese Turkish children.  

PubMed

The quality of the diet of obese children is poor. Eating habits may alter micronutrient status in obese patients. In this study, we determined the serum levels of selenium, zinc, vanadium, molybdenum, iron, copper, beryllium, boron, chromium, manganese, cobalt, silver, barium, aluminum, nickel, cadmium, mercury, and lead in obese Turkish children. Thirty-four obese and 33 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Serum vanadium and cobalt levels of obese children were significantly lower than those of the control group (0.244 ± 0.0179 vs. 0.261 ± 0.012 ?g/l, p < 0.001, and 0.14 ± 0.13 vs. 0.24 ± 0.15 ?g/l, p = 0.011, respectively). There was no significant difference between groups regarding the other serum trace element levels. In conclusion, there may be alterations in the serum levels of trace elements in obese children and these alterations may have a role in the pathogenesis of obesity. PMID:20957449

Tascilar, Mehmet Emre; Ozgen, Ilker Tolga; Abaci, Ayhan; Serdar, Muhittin; Aykut, Osman

2010-10-19

132

Transient analysis of Ghana Research Reactor1 using PARET\\/ANL thermal–hydraulic code  

Microsoft Academic Search

PARET\\/ANL (Version 7.3 of 2007) thermal–hydraulic code was used to perform transient analysis of the Ghana Research Reactor-1. The reactivities inserted were 2.1mk, 4mk and 6.71mk. The results obtained are similar to experiment and theoretical studies performed to demonstrate that the reactor is safe to operate. The PARET\\/ANL (Version 7.3 of 2007) could not simulate the reactivities above 5mk insertions

E. Ampomah-Amoako; E. H. K. Akaho; S. Anim-Sampong; B. J. B. Nyarko

2009-01-01

133

Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

Ipek, Cemalettin

2010-01-01

134

The Impact of Principalship on School Culture: A Turkish Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses how principals can shape school culture. The author begins by examining the definitions of school culture and the meaning of principalship. The author provides an overview on the literature on the impact of principal leadership on school culture. The author also looks at the present principalship situation in the Turkish

Celikten, Mustafa

2006-01-01

135

PUTTING INTERACTION BACK INTO CHILD LANGUAGE: EXAMPLES FROM TURKISH  

Microsoft Academic Search

As in the case of other non-English languages, the study of the acquisition of Turkish has mostly focused on aspects of grammatical morphology and syntax, largely neglecting the study of the effect of interactional factors on child morphosyntax. This paper reviews indications from past research that studying input and adult-child discourse can facilitate the study of the acquisition of morphosyntax

AYLÝN C. KÜNTAY; Dan I. Slobin

2002-01-01

136

First Year Turkish Science Undergraduates' Understandings and Misconceptions of Light  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to identify first year Turkish Science undergraduates' understandings and misconceptions of the concept of light and its propagation. For this purpose, an instrument composed of four open-ended questions was developed by the researchers. The diagnostic test was piloted with twenty students and modifications were made prior…

Yalcin, Mehmet; Altun, Sema; Turgut, Umit; Aggul, Fatma

2009-01-01

137

Principles Involved in Writing an ESP Textbook for Turkish Policemen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development and use of an English for Special Purposes (ESP) textbook for Turkish police dealing with tourists are described. The textbook and accompanying videotape (not available from ERIC) were designed for use in a course to improve job-specific communicative competence of police officers with a lower-intermediate to intermediate level of…

Akyel, Ayse; Yalcin, Eileen

1991-01-01

138

International Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers: A Multiple Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, countries around the world have promoted international experiences for student teachers' development of the knowledge and skills necessary in these interdependent and global times. Using a rigorous qualitative approach, this study explored 10 Turkish student teachers' international opportunities in several European countries…

Kizilaslan, Irem

2010-01-01

139

Incentives and disincentives for using renewable energy: Turkish students’ ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A closed-form questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas of Turkish school students in years 7 and 8 (age 13–14 years) about renewable power generation. The questionnaire investigated students’ ideas about the characteristics of renewable energy, its perceived advantages and disadvantgaes, and, separately, their views about the importance of the characteristics of energy production; it is likely that

Ahmet K?l?nç; Martin Stanisstreet; Edward Boyes

2009-01-01

140

Body Image Among Turkish Women During the First Year Postpartum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated the body image of Turkish women in their first year postpartum. We recruited 440 postpartum women who had applied to the outpatient clinics of the Maternity and Children's Hospital in the city of Ordu, Turkey. The mean of the women's body image scores was over the “middle level.” The women's body image scale (BIS) score

Nülüfer Erbil; Asuman ?enkul; Gül Feyza Ba?ara; Ye?im Sa?lam; Mehtap Gezer

2012-01-01

141

Body Image Among Turkish Women During the First Year Postpartum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we investigated the body image of Turkish women in their first year postpartum. We recruited 440 postpartum women who had applied to the outpatient clinics of the Maternity and Children's Hospital in the city of Ordu, Turkey. The mean of the women's body image scores was over the “middle level”. The women's body image scale score showed

Nülüfer Erbil; Asuman ?enku; Gül Feyza Ba?ara; Ye?im Sa?lam; Mehtap Gezer

2011-01-01

142

A chaos analysis for Greek and Turkish equity markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper sets out to apply chaos theory to the prediction of stock returns using Greek and Turkish stock index data. The aim of the analysis is to empirically show whether the markets have informational efficiency, in a comparative perspective. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research employs Grassberger and Procaccia's methodology in the time series analysis in order to estimate

Alper Ozun; Mike P. Hanias; Panayiotis G. Curtis

2010-01-01

143

Attachment Styles and Self-Image in Turkish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to examine the attachment styles and the relation of these styles to the self-image in Turkish adolescents. The study included 378 adolescents (196 females and 182 males) from high schools with different socioeconomic status (SES) who were administered Relationship Scale Questionnaires and Offer Self-Image…

Cetin, Fusun Cuhadaroglu; Tuzun, Zeynep; Pehlivanturk, Berna; Unal, Fatih; Gokler, Bahar

2010-01-01

144

Turkish Parents' Views on Quality Standards for Children's Television Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of parents of pre-school children about children's programmes on TV. The study had two phases: In the first step "The Evaluation Scale for Children's Programmes" was translated into Turkish, the reliability and validity of the scale was tested through analyzing of the data collected from…

Onder, Alev; Dagal, Asude Balaban

2007-01-01

145

On the Universality of Language Comprehension Strategies: Evidence from Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A fundamental question in psycholinguistic research concerns the universality of comprehension strategies. We investigated this issue by examining the so-called "subject preference" in Turkish, a language which allows for a natural (unmarked) object reading of an initial ambiguous argument. Using event-related brain potentials (ERPs), we observed…

Demiral, Sukru Baris; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina

2008-01-01

146

Morphological characterization of Korean and Turkish watermelon germplasm1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 67 watermelon accessions of Korean (37 accessions) and Turkish (27 accessions) germplasm and 3 accessions of other species were characterized for morphological characteristics. The accessions were characterized according to UPOV descriptor list for 56 characters (6 seedling, 4 plant, 11 leaf, 5 flower, 23 fruit and 7 seed). Eight quantitative characters (hypocotyl length, cotyledon width, cotyledon length,

Y. C. Huh; I. Solmaz; N. Sari

147

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

148

Global Crisis, National Responses: The Political Economy of Turkish Exceptionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

With its dilatory and piecemeal fiscal activism and uncharacteristic aversion to IMF assistance, the Turkish government's response to the global economic crisis of 2008–9 diverged considerably from prevalent trends in other major emerging market countries. Underlying this intriguing pattern were Turkey's pre-existing policy and macroeconomic constraints, cognitive lapses on the part of policymakers, and the conjunctural dynamics of domestic politics.

Ziya Öni?; Ali Burak Güven

2011-01-01

149

Turkish Waters: Source of Regional Conflict or Catalyst for Peace?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike most Middle East countries which are highly dependent on water from sources originating in other countries or on desalination, Turkey is naturally endowed with relatively abundant water resources. The Turkish government has assigned the highest priority to completing its massive $32 billion Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP), consisting of 22 dams and 19 hydroelectric power plants on the Euphrates and

G. E. Gruen

2000-01-01

150

Fears of children and the cultural context: The Turkish norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was undertaken to identify children's fears in terms of their age, gender and Socio Economic Status (SES) characteristics. Another aim of the study was the adaptation and the standardization of the “Fear Survey Schedule for Children” (FSSC) to Turkish population and to determine its psychometric properties. FSSC was given to 1237 Lower SES children aged 9–13 years.

Nese Erol; Nail Sahin

1995-01-01

151

Perimenopausal contraception in Turkish women: A cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic research has shown that perimenopausal contraception is an important medical issue, because women during the perimenopause still need effective contraception. The objective of the study was to assess the contraceptive choices of perimenopausal Turkish women. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that in a non – random fashion recruited 202 perimenopausal and naturally menopausal women who lived

Nevin H ?ahin; Sema B Kharbouch

2007-01-01

152

Type 2 diabetes in Belgians of Turkish and Moroccan origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To compare the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in adults aged 35 to 74 years of the Turkish and Moroccan communities in Belgium with the prevalence in native Belgians. To examine the determinants and specific mechanisms responsible for differences in diabetes between these communities. Method Both objectives were examined using the Health Interview Surveys of 1997, 2001 and 2004.

Vandenheede H; Deboosere P

153

The Practice of Cultural Studies in the Turkish Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author focuses on how cultural studies has been translated into the Turkish context in terms of modernization, and how the process of remaking it has raised some interesting questions about interdisciplinarity. Should it exist or should it be rejected on the grounds that it seeks to abandon established disciplinary models…

Raw, Laurence

2004-01-01

154

Corrections in Turkish: Sociolinguistic Analysis and Cross-Cultural Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzed verbal responses of status unequals in situations where a linguistic mistake occurred. Subjects were 80 native Turkish-speaking university students (28 males, 52 females) who participated in role-playing exercises using such situations. Two aspects of the responses were investigated: the semantic and syntactic formulas that…

Dogancay, Seran; Kamisli, Sibel

155

Functions of Identity Scale: Turkish Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to test the factor structure, convergent validity, and reliability of the Functions of Identity Scale (FIS) on a Turkish college sample. FIS is a 15 item, self-report instrument consisting of five scales. In line with the original version, both the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a five-factor…

Demir, Ilkay

2011-01-01

156

Cohesion in Compositions of Turkish and Immigrant Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cohesion refers to the relationships established between sentences and paragraphs via the units in the surface structure of the text. This study evaluated texts written by Uzbek origin immigrant students and Turkish students living in Hatay in terms of the use of cohesion devices (ellipsis, conjunctions, lexical cohesion, reference, substitution).…

Coskun, Eyyup

2011-01-01

157

Trends in Turkish Mathematics Education Research: From 1998 to 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study is to determine trends in Turkish Mathematics Education on the basis of both master and doctoral theses involved. The researchers reviewed the online databases of the Higher Education Council and Proquest as well as the library of each university and examined 284 graduate theses in regard to research topic, research methods,…

Baki, Adnan; Guven, Bulent; Karatas, Ilhan; Akkan, Yasar; Cakiroglu, Unal

2011-01-01

158

Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

159

CYPRUS AND THE CLASH OF GREEK AND TURKISH NATIONALISMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to explain which factors played a central role in the development of rival Greek and Turkish Cypriot national identities and how geography, modernization, and colonial policies came to play a critical role in this development. The article argues that the development of rival nationalisms on Cyprus must be analyzed by looking at seven factors: (1) the geographic

NADAV MORAG

2004-01-01

160

Turkish Pupils' Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils' views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a)…

Boz, Yezdan

2006-01-01

161

Turkish Pupils’ Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils’ views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a) arrangement and movement

Yezdan Boz

2006-01-01

162

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

163

Turkish Adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--Version III  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the…

Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

2012-01-01

164

A comprehensive review of Turkish technology foresight project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review and analyse Vision 2023: the Turkish National Technology Foresight project. The paper aims to review the process of conducting the project, how it was implemented afterwards and how it compares to other national technology foresight projects Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through a literature search, a process framework was conducted. The analysis was

Tugrul Daim; Nuri Basoglu; Orhan Dursun; Ozcan Saritas; Pisek Gerdsri

2009-01-01

165

Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2011-01-01

166

The evolution of military neurosurgery in the Turkish army.  

PubMed

The history of neurosurgery in the Turkish army is not long and complex. Neurosurgery was first practiced in the Ottoman army by Cemil Pasha, who was a general surgeon. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Republic of Turkey was established and modern neurosurgical procedures were applied at the Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA). Maj. Zinnur Rollas, M.D., was the founder of the Department of Neurosurgery at GMMA in 1957. A modern neurosurgical program and school was established in 1965 by Col. Hamit Ziya Gokalp, M.D., who completed his residency training in the US. Today, 26 military neurosurgeons are on active duty in 11 military hospitals in Turkey. All of these neurosurgeons work in modern clinics and operating theaters. In this paper, military neurosurgery in the Turkish army is reported in 3 parts: 1) the history of neurosurgery in the Turkish military, 2) the Department of Neurosurgery at the GMMA, and 3) the duties of a military neurosurgeon in the Turkish army. PMID:20568932

Izci, Yusuf

2010-05-01

167

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

168

Innovation and Adaptation in a Turkish Sample: A Preliminary Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine the representations of adaptation and innovation among adults in Turkey. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with a sample of 20 Turkish adults (10 men, 10 women) from various occupations. The participants' ages ranged from 21 to 58 years. Results of content analysis showed that the representation of innovation varied with the type

Bengi Öner

2000-01-01

169

Political violence, the ‘War on Terror’ and the Turkish military  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the impact of the ‘War on Terror’ on political violence in Turkey. It begins by tracing the role of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the management and support of Turkey's militarised government since Ankara joined the Alliance in 1952. Here, it is suggested that a triangular concert of agents from the Turkish state's intelligence

Tim Jacoby

2010-01-01

170

Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

2009-01-01

171

The Nature of Persistence in Turkish Real Exchange Rates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to investigate the persistence in Turkish real exchange rates (RER) using unit root tests and autoregressive fractionally integrated moving average (ARFIMA) models. We consider two RERs, one in terms of the German DM and the other, in terms of the US$. The plots of these RERs (based on both wholesale price indices and consumer

HALUK ERLAT

2003-01-01

172

Value Domains of Turkish Adults and University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors identified the basic dimensions of contemporary values among Turkish university students and adults and explored gender and group (adults vs. students) differences in the importance attributed to particular value types. The authors administered a composite value survey to 101 students from different departments of Middle East Technical University and 101 adults from different parts of Ankara. Factor analysis

Zahide Karakitapo?lu Aygün; E. Olcay Imamo?lu

2002-01-01

173

Language Planning and Implementation in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores a major curriculum innovation in English language teaching in Turkish primary education from macro and micro perspectives. After an overview of the role of English in Turkey, macro-level planning underlying the introduction of English language teaching policy in state-owned primary education is presented. Then the diffusion of…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2007-01-01

174

A prototype DBMS with a Turkish query Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a prototype DBMS, called VERTUR, which supports relational data structures and can be used inter-actively through a query language. The query language referred to as TURDIL is based on Turkish Language and is defined by a regular grammar. VERTUR has a fully integrated data dictionary which contains definitions of relations and user-views based on relations, along with

Kemal Koymen

1982-01-01

175

The Philosophy of Turkish National and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aims to establish whether the Basic Law of National Education and the Law of Higher Education, both of which give direction to the Turkish educational system, are based on any educational philosophy trends, and to what extent. For this purpose, both laws were investigated using the "document analysis" method. All the data obtained were…

Toprakci, Erdal; Buldu, Serkan; Bozpolat, Ebru; Oflaz, Gulcin; Dagdeviren, Iclal; Ture, Ersin

2013-01-01

176

Volatile Compounds of Traditional Turkish Dry Fermented Sausage (Sucuk)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The profile of volatile compounds of a typical Turkish dry fermented sausage (sucuk) were analyzed by gas chromatography\\/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) using a solid phase microextraction (SPME). The significant differences were found in the volatile profiles obtained in the five commercial brands analyzed. A total 92 compounds were identified. The volatile compounds were consisted of 5 acids, 7 esters, 10 aliphatic

Guzin Kaban

2010-01-01

177

Critical Factors Associated with Early Postpartum Depression among Turkish Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this study was to examine the associated factors of the early postpartum depression, in a Turkish sample of 151 postnatal women. Besides positive and negative affect and marital adjustment measures, demographic and labor related variables, which may affect the postpartum depression, were also included into the study. To reveal the critical factors associated with the early

Özden Yalç?nkaya Alkar; Tülin Gençöz

2005-01-01

178

Marketing management functions of construction companies: Evidence from Turkish contractors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Globalization, the restructuring of the world economy, changes experienced in project financing and delivery systems, the pervasive utilization of information and communication technologies (ICT), and the intensity of the competition prevailing in the market compel contractors to rethink the competitive forces and client expectations, which in turn necessitate a well planned marketing orientation for business planning. The Turkish construction industry

Gul Polat; Umit Donmez

2010-01-01

179

The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

2011-01-01

180

THE CAVES OF TURKISH REPUBLIC OF THE NORTHERN CYPRUS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish Republic of the Northern Cyprus which has been at complicated active fault zone has been covered with 10 percentages of karstic rocks. The karstic rocks consist of re-crystallized dolomite, dolomitic limestone and limestone (Upper Triassic-Cretaceous), mélange \\

Lütfi NAZ?K; Koray TÖRK; Emrullah ÖZEL; Kadir TUNCER

181

Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

2012-01-01

182

The export competitive advantages of Turkish manufacturing companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the export competitive advantage differences between high- and low-performing companies in Turkey. The paper specifically and separately analyzes the companies' export resources, export skills, and export competitive advantages in order to identify the discrimination effects of each variable. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A structured questionnaire was sent to 98 Turkish exporting companies

Mehmet Haluk Köksal; Engin Özgül

2010-01-01

183

Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2011-01-01

184

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

185

According to students’ views the assessment of Turkish literature books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to evaluate Turkish Literature lesson book according to students’ views. For the research, description method has been used as a means of data collecting in the study. In the first section of the survey form, students’ some of personal information, questions about a measuring tool with three levels consisted of 39 items in Likert

Cahit Epçaçan; Cevdet Epçaçan; A. Halim Ula?; Tuba Delek

2010-01-01

186

Reproductive Health Training of Turkish Soldiers from Certain Risk Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

determine the results of RH training courses for soldiers born in the east region and married soldiers and to identify the prevalence of certain characteristics in the study group. Materials and Methods: In the frame of the Reproductive Health Program (RHP) of the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF), all soldiers received training in RH by field trainers between April 2004 and

Bilal BAKIR; Aygül AKYÜZ; Mahir GÜLEÇ; Tülay KAYA; Sadettin GÜNGÖR; Metin HASDE

187

Perceptions of Anti?Semitism among Turkish Jews  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly believed that there is little or no anti?Semitism in Turkey. For this reason, the Turkish Jewish community is considered to be fortunate. The 1942 Capital Tax, the September 6–7 Events in 1955, and even the Thrace Incidents of 1934, in which the Jews were the main targets of violence, are considered to be examples of discrimination against

?ule Tokta?

2006-01-01

188

Heterogeneity in social change: Turkish and Moroccan women in Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The data presented here pertain to 850 Turkish and 860 Moroccan women aged 17–49 currently living in Belgium, and interviewed in 1991–93 by native female interviewers. The two surveys cover short migration histories, family formation variables pertaining to nuptiality, endogamy, fertility, contraception, utility of children, gender relation attitudes, residential characteristics, education and female labour force participation, linguistic abilities and opinions

R. Lesthaeghe; J. Surkyn

1995-01-01

189

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

Uysal, Hacer Hande

2012-01-01

190

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

Uysal, Hacer Hande

2012-01-01

191

Determining the Orbit Locations of Turkish Airborne Early Warning and Control Aircraft Over the Turkish Air Space.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research provides optimal orbit locations that can be updated according to the threats, for Turkish AEW&C aircraft in the combat arena. Three combat scenarios Turkey might encounter are examined. Turkey can expect threats from everywhere. The worst c...

N. Sarikaya

2009-01-01

192

Social reactions of Swedish and Turkish adolescents to a close friend's suicidal disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The prevalence of nonfatal suicidal behavior has been shown to be equal in Swedish and Turkish adolescents, but more Swedish\\u000a than Turkish adolescents kill themselves. Social attitudes towards self-killing are liberal\\/permissive in Sweden compared\\u000a to condemnatory\\/prohibiting attitudes in Turkey. Against this background, this study investigated Swedish and Turkish adolescents'\\u000a reactions to a close friend's suicidal disclosure. It also compared

M. Eskin

1999-01-01

193

The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was undertaken to translate and adapt the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into the Turkish language and\\u000a investigate its validity and reliability for Turkish female fibromyalgia (FM) patients. After translation into Turkish, we\\u000a administered the FIQ and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to 51 women with fibromyalgia. As well as socio-demographic\\u000a characteristics, the severity of relevant clinical symptoms, e.g., pain

S. Sarmer; S. Ergin; G. Yavuzer

2000-01-01

194

Validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for Turkish language: the VISA-A-Tr study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) questionnaire for patients with Achilles tendinopathy.DesignFifty-five patients with a diagnosis of Achilles tendinopathy and 55 healthy subjects were included in the study. VISA-A questionnaires were translated and culturally adapted into Turkish. The final Turkish version (VISA-A-Tr) was tested for reliability on healthy

Yunus Dogramaci; Aydiner Kalaci; Nigar Kücükküba?; Taceddin Inand?; Erdinc Esen; A Nedim Yanat

2011-01-01

195

A review of post-modern management techniques as currently applied to Turkish forestry.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the effects of six post-modern management concepts as applied to Turkish forestry. Up to now, Turkish forestry has been constrained, both in terms of its operations and internal organization, by a highly bureaucratic system. The application of new thinking in forestry management, however, has recently resulted in new organizational and production concepts that promise to address problems specific to this Turkish industry and bring about positive changes. This paper will elucidate these specific issues and demonstrate how post-modern management thinking is influencing the administration and operational capacity of Turkish forestry within its current structure. PMID:18194835

Dölarslan, Emre Sahin

2008-01-14

196

Survey of lead and copper in Turkish raisins.  

PubMed

Lead and copper levels in various types of Turkish raisins, collected from the most important production centers, were determined by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Samples were principally the products of 2005; however, two different and important raisin types produced between 2003 and 2006 were also analyzed. To investigate the source of pollution, the lead and copper content of all samples were separately determined after successive treatment with water, then with acetone and, finally, complete decomposition in a HNO(3)/H(2)SO(4)/H(2)O(2) mixture. Metal levels in raisin seeds were also determined. The results were statistically evaluated, indicating that the raisins taken from different regions and years contained a mean (range) of 0.056 (0.012-0.359) mg kg(-1) lead and 2.542 (0.770-4.706) mg kg(-1) copper. Lead concentrations in Turkish raisins were significantly lower than those found in a previous study. PMID:17691009

Calisir, F; Akman, S

2007-09-01

197

Development of an earthquake loss model for Turkish catastrophe insurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the devastating Kocaeli and Düzce earthquakes of August andNovember 1999, the Turkish Government was faced with an enormousfinancial burden as a result of its statutory obligation to cover the full costsof rebuilding. In order to offset this liability in the future - which has hadan adverse effect on the Government's economic programme - acompulsory earthquake insurance scheme has been introduced for allhouseholders in Turkey. A key element for successful implementation ofthis novel and ambitious programme is the transfer of the earthquake riskabsorbed by the Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool (TCIP) to theinternational reinsurance market. An earthquake loss model, described inthis paper, has been developed for the TCIP to serve as a basis for thedecision-making process with respect to the pricing of its insurance policy,risk control, the purchase of reinsurance, and the transfer of seismic risk.Sample results of the loss calculations are presented.

Bommer, Julian; Spence, Robin; Erdik, Mustafa; et al.

198

Corruption and internal fraud in the Turkish construction industry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding about the internal fraud and corruption problem in the Turkish construction industry. The reasons behind the internal fraud and corruption problem as well as the types of prevention methods were investigated; and as a result various recommendations were made. To this end, a risk awareness questionnaire was used to understand the behavioral patterns of the construction industry, and to clarify possible proactive and reactive measures against internal fraud and corruption. The type of fraud experienced by Turkish construction companies was also surveyed in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent to 89 firms; and depending on the collected data, certain recommendations for construction industry professionals were provided. PMID:22371033

Gunduz, Murat; Önder, Oytun

2012-02-28

199

Anthropometric studies on the Turkish population--a historical review.  

PubMed

A historical review of anthropometric studies conducted on Turkish children and adults is presented. In view of observed differences in growth status between children of different societies, the need for local reference standards and the methodology to be used for such studies have been stressed. The importance of local studies in reflecting the state of health and nutrition both in children and adults has also been mentioned. While a number of studies in children cited in this paper are designed to compare the growth of children from different socioeconomic levels, other studies aim to establish local reference data for Turkish children. While the historical studies in adults aim to define racial characteristics, the more recent studies aim to bring out nutritional characteristics with emphasis on increasing frequency of obesity. PMID:23419421

Neyzi, Olcay; Saka, H Nurçin; Kurto?lu, Selim

2013-02-19

200

Exploring Turkish upper primary level pupils' understanding of digestion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The most significant finding was the children's conception of the digestive process as 'melting of foods' rather than 'breaking foods down'. Some other children considered digestion to be a filtering process that is performed by the stomach in order to separate the useful and waste parts of food. These views 'melting of foods' and 'filtering of foods' have not been mentioned in the literature previously. The study revealed that social influences and everyday language had an important impact on children's learning of the digestive process.

Cakici, Yilmaz

2005-01-01

201

Gender and Cultural Differences in the 12Month Prevalence of Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts in Swedish and Turkish Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the prevalence rates of suicidal thoughts and attempts among 966 Swedish and 959 Turkish (N = 1925) high school students. Nearly equal percentages of Swedish (23.2%) and Turkish (25.7%) students reported having had thoughts of killing themselves during the past 12 months. Turkish students reported greater current suicidal ideation than their Swedish peers. Significantly more Turkish (4.6%)

Mehmet Eskin

1999-01-01

202

Maple syrup urine disease: Mutation analysis in Turkish patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), the most frequently occurring organic acidaemia in Turkey, is caused by a deficiency of the activity of branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase enzyme (BCKAD) complex. Mutation analysis of the E1a, E1ß, and E2 genes of the BCKAD complex in 12 Turkish MSUD patients yielded three disease-specific mutations and a polymorphism in the E1a gene, none in

A. Dursun; M. Henneke; K. Özgül; J. Gartner; T. Co?kun; A. Tokatli; H. S. Kalkano?lu; M. Demirkol; U. Wendel; ?. Özalp

2002-01-01

203

Non-isothermal pyrolysis kinetics of three Turkish oil shales  

Microsoft Academic Search

A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetric analysis (t.g.a.) was conducted to determine the overall kinetics of pyrolysis of three Turkish oil shales: Beypazari, Seyitömer and Himmeto?lu. The integral method was used in the analysis of the t.g.a. data to determine first-order pyrolysis kinetics. Particle sizes of 0.7, 1.3 and 2.6 mm and final temperatures of 400, 550 and 700°C were

Ö. Murat Do?an; B. Zühtü Uysal

1996-01-01

204

Activated Protein C Resistance in Turkish Women with Severe Preeclampsia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence rate of APC resistance (APC-R) with severe preeclampsia in Turkish women. Thirty-two consecutive women having severe preeclampsia were included in the study. Thirty-two healthy pregnant women served as the control group. APC-R assays were performed in the third trimester of pregnancy, and 3 and 9 months after delivery. APC-R was

Mustafa Çetin; Bülent Eser; Mehmet Tayyar; Ali Ünal

2001-01-01

205

Basal Metabolic Rates of Turkish Women during Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the basal metabolic rates (BMRs) of pregnant Turkish women and to compare them with values from other countries. Twenty-four pregnant women (aged 24.8 ± 5.7 years) were studied longitudinally from early pregnancy through to the end of pregnancy. BMR values were measured in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters by indirect

1999-01-01

206

Oral Health Care Behavior in a Group of Turkish Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate oral health attitude and behavior of a group of Turkish children aged between 6-12 years Methods: A sample of 139 children attending Marmara University Dentistry School (MUDS) Department of Pediatrics Dentistry between December 2002 to April 2003 was selected. Results: The mean age for girls was 8.82 yr (SD=2.06) and for

N Bekiroglu; I Tanboga; B Altinok; B Kargul

2009-01-01

207

Mutations of the HFE gene among Turkish hereditary hemochromatosis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the discovery of the HFE gene, C282Y and H63D mutations have been reported as significantly correlated with clinically manifested hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). As the other genes involved in iron metabolism have been described, non-HFE cases of HH have been identified. Since in the general Turkish population, the C282Y mutation is not found and the H63D mutation is of high

Halis Simsek; Yasemin H. Balaban; Engin Yilmaz; Hale Sumer; Yahya Buyukasik; Cem Cengiz; Osman Ozcebe; Gulsen Hascelik; Gonca Tatar

2005-01-01

208

The Gender Wage Gap in the Turkish Labor Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?This paper examines the sources of the gender wage gap in the Turkish labor market by using matched employer–employee data and the standard wage regression estimations as well as the Oaxaca decomposition method. The extensive number of variables in the data set enables a thorough quantitative analysis of the role of various individual- as well as firm-related factors leading to

Ipek Ilkkaracan; Raziye Selim

2007-01-01

209

Prevalence and Correlates of Depression in Pregnancy Among Turkish Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence and correlates of depression in pregnancy among Turkish women in Sivas, a\\u000a semi-urban region consisting partly of people with low or middle socioeconomic status. This cross-sectional population-based\\u000a study was conducted in 19 primary health care centers from urban areas of Sivas in Turkey. Two hundred fifty-eight eligible\\u000a pregnant women were interviewed

Zehra Golbasi; Meral Kelleci; Gursum Kisacik; Ali Cetin

2010-01-01

210

Methanol contents of Turkish varietal wines and effect of processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methanol levels of Turkish varietal wines obtained from different representative viticultural regions were determined and the effect of maceration time and pectolytic enzyme treatments on the methanol levels of the red wines were investigated. 164 wine samples (60 white, 4 rosé, 100 red) were analysed by gas chromatography–flame ionisation detector (GC–FID). Methanol levels ranged from 30.5 to 121.4 mg\\/l in

Turgut Cabaroglu

2005-01-01

211

Surface waveform tomography of the Turkish-Iranian plateau  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Middle East is a tectonically complex region consisting of terrains as diverse as Precambrian shields and young orogens. The dominant tectonic feature is the Turkish-Iranian plateau, a recently elevated, seismically active region along the Zagros-Bitlis suture, which results from the collision of the Arabian Plate with Eurasia. In this study, we use surface waveform tomography to elucidate the upper-mantle

Alessia Maggi; Keith Priestley

2005-01-01

212

Active tectonics of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how active faulting in the Turkey-Iran-Caucasus region accommodates the Arabia-Eurasia collision and the velocity field observed by GPS. The overall shortening across the zone is, in general, spatially separated (“partitioned”) into right-lateral strike slip in the Turkish-Iranian Plateau and thrusting in the Greater Caucasus. A band of counterclockwise rotating NW-SE right-lateral strike-slip faults accommodates a NW-SE gradient

Alex Copley; James Jackson

2006-01-01

213

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all

Ismail Cakir; H. Bulent Uner

2007-01-01

214

Characteristics of grape seed and oil from nine Turkish cultivars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Percentages of crude oil, protein, fibre and ash of grape seeds obtained from Turkish cultivars were of the ranges 5.40–10.79, 5.24–7.54, 17.6–27.1, and 1.2–2.6, respectively. The highest crude oil, crude protein and crude fibre were determined in Siyah pekmezlik, Karadimrit and Antep grape seeds. The energy values of seeds were established to be between 102.28 and 148.07?kcal?g. Potassium and calcium

Mehmet Musa Özcan; Ahmet Ünver; Tuncay Gümü?; Ayd?n Ak?n

2011-01-01

215

Mediated Justice: Turkish Newspapers’ Coverage of Controversial Criminal Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a content analysis of news coverage of three criminal cases in four (Cumhuriyet, Hürriyet, Sabah, Zaman) Turkish national newspapers. Those cases were extensively discussed on both national and international levels and they became symbols in the quest for justice in the country. The brutal beheading of 17?year?old Münevver Karabulut, 76?year?old Vakit columnist Hüseyin Üzmez’s sexually abusing a

Asli Tunç

2010-01-01

216

Interactions between Turkish mothers and preschool children with autism.  

PubMed

This study explored the relationship between Turkish mothers' style of interaction and the engagement of their preschool-aged children with autism. Data were collected from fifty mother-child dyads in which all children had diagnoses of autism. Video recordings of mother-child interaction were analyzed using the Turkish versions of the Maternal Behavior Rating Scale and the Child Behavior Rating Scale (O. Diken, 2009 ). Similar to mothers from Western countries, Turkish mothers tended to engage in highly directive interactions with their children. However, a cluster analysis revealed considerable variability in mothers' style of interaction. This included a directive nonengaged style, a directive/achievement-oriented style, and a responsive style of interaction. Children's level of engagement was associated with differences in mothers' style of interaction. Children were least engaged with directive/nonengaged mothers and most engaged with responsive mothers. However, children's engagement was only associated with their mothers' responsiveness, not with their directiveness. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for early intervention. PMID:23834215

Diken, Ozlem; Mahoney, Gerald

2013-06-01

217

Shyness and cognitions: an examination of Turkish university students.  

PubMed

The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness Scale, the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (Z. Hamamci & S. Büyükoztürk, 2004) the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (M. R. Leary, 1983), and the M. Rosenberg (1965) Self-Esteem Scale. Bivariate correlations showed that shyness had a significant positive correlation with unrealistic relationship expectations and interpersonal rejection. Fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem also had significant relations to shyness. A stepwise regression analysis indicated that fear of negative evaluation, self-esteem, and interpersonal rejection were significant predictors of shyness, and self-esteem was the best predictor. These results provided evidence of the role of distorted relationship beliefs, approval concerns, and self-evaluations in shyness for Turkish university students. The authors discuss the findings in terms of relevant literature and cultural issues. PMID:19049241

Koydemir, Selda; Demir, Ayhan

2008-11-01

218

Turkish adaptation of Spinal Cord Independence Measure--version III.  

PubMed

Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in individuals with spinal cord injury. There is no specific functional assessment scale for Turkish patients with spinal cord injury. The Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM) is a specific test, which has become popular in the last decade. A study was conducted to validate and evaluate the Turkish adaptation of the SCIM III (T-SCIM III). The SCIM III was translated into Turkish. Reliability, (internal consistency, interrater reliability, and test-retest reliability), validity (with Functional Independence Measurement), and sensitivity (changes in 8-week exercise program) were studied. Internal consistency for total score was sufficient (Cronbach ?=0.79). The interrater reliability was moderate to high (Cohen ? between 0.72 and 1). Convergent validity was high (r=0.89, P<0.01). The T-SCIM III was found to be more sensitive than the Functional Independence Measurement to changes in function. Hence, we recommend the use of T-SCIM III in clinical practice as a reliable, valid, and easy-to-use tool. PMID:22217650

Kesiktas, Nur; Paker, Nurdan; Bugdayci, Derya; Sencan, Sureyya; Karan, Ayse; Muslumanoglu, Lutfiye

2012-03-01

219

Attitudes of Australian and Turkish veterinary faculty toward animal welfare.  

PubMed

The attitudes of veterinary faculty toward animal welfare were surveyed in four Australian and three Turkish veterinary schools. The former were considered to be typical of modern Western schools, with a faculty of more than 40% women and a primary focus on companion animals, whereas the latter were considered to represent more traditional veterinary teaching establishments, with a faculty of 88% men and a primary focus on livestock. A total of 116 faculty responded to the survey (42 Australian and 74 Turkish faculty members), for response rates of 30% and 33%, respectively. This survey included demographic questions as well as questions about attitudes toward animal-welfare issues. Women were more concerned than men about animal-welfare issues, especially the use of animals in experiments, zoos, entertainment, and sports and for food and clothing. Total scores demonstrated different concerns among Turkish and Australian faculty. The study demonstrates that the veterinary faculty of these two countries have different concerns for animal welfare, concerns that should be acknowledged in considering the welfare attitudes that students may adopt. PMID:22718008

Izmirli, Serdar; Phillips, Clive J C

2012-01-01

220

The pronunciation of the inter-dental sounds of English: an articulation problem for Turkish learners of English and solutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inter-dental consonant phonemes like \\/?\\/ and \\/?\\/ have always created pronunciation problems for Turkish learners of English in that these two sounds are non-existent as phonemes or sounds in the sound system of the Turkish language. The aim of this study is to rehabilitate the pronunciation mistakes caused by [?] and [?] sounds of English to Turkish learners of

Murat Hismanoglu

2009-01-01

221

The Adaptation of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Elementary Form into Turkish, Language Validity, and Preliminary Psychometric Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to adapt the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale- Elementary Form (MARS-E, Suinn, 1988) into Turkish by first doing the translation of its items and then the preliminary psychometric investigation of the Turkish form. The study included four different samples: 30 bilingual language experts, 50 Turkish language…

Baloglu, Mustafa; Balgalmis, Esra

2010-01-01

222

The Turkish and Moroccan Second Generation in the Netherlands: Divergent Trends between and Polarization within the Two Groups1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the socioeconomic and sociocultural status of the second-generation Turkish young people in the Netherlands, comparing them to their Moroccan counterparts. The comparative perspective can better highlight the characteristic features of the Turkish second genera- tion. The educational status of both the Turkish and the Moroccan young people is still weak, especially by comparison with their ethnic Dutch

Maurice Crul; Jeroen Doomernik

2006-01-01

223

Effects of the Turkish Language Reform on Person Perception. Working Papers of the Language Behavior Research Laboratory, No. 47.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the Turkish language reform, modern Turkish spans a range of styles from traditional to reformed, the former preferred by right-wing, traditionalist, and religious sectors of the population, the latter by left-wing, modernist, and secular sectors. Turkish students evaluate the two styles differently, and attribute attitudes and…

Cuceloglu, Dogan; Slobin, Dan I.

224

Language-Mixing in Children's Speech: Dutch Language Use in Turkish Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on Dutch-Turkish language-mixing behavior of Turkish children growing up in The Netherlands are presented and analyzed. While functional characteristics of the children's language-mixing were compatible with models from earlier research, structural analysis suggests no universality of surface structure constraint rules for sentence-internal…

Boeschoten, Hendrik E.; Verhoeven, Ludo Th.

1987-01-01

225

The Inner Self Desires a Friendly Chat: Chat Metaphors in Turkish and English  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a cross-cultural contrastive analysis of chat and its dictionary translation sohbet in Turkish. It aims to find out the source domains in the metaphorical expressions of chat in Turkish and English and what these source domains reflect regarding the two cultures because it is believed that metaphor is not just “in the heads” as a figure of

Hümeyra Can; Nilüfer Can

2010-01-01

226

Burnout among Turkish High School Teachers Working in Turkey and Abroad: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine perceived levels of burnout among Turkish high school teachers working in Turkey and abroad. Method: A total of 255 Turkish teachers working at public schools in Germany (n=78), Cyprus (n=94) and Turkey (n=83) comprised our study group. In Germany and Cyprus, the participants were selected…

Aydogan, Ismail; Dogan, Ahmet Atilla; Bayram, Nuran

2009-01-01

227

Appropriateness of Admission and Length of Stay in a Turkish Military Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of inappropriate days of stay in a Turkish military hospital, and to explore the variables correlated with these. A review was made of the medical records of surgery patients admitted to the hospital of Gülhane Military Medical Academy. To determine the appropriateness of lengths of hospitalization, a Turkish version of

Kadir Teke; Adnan Kisa; Cesim Demir; Korkut Ersoy

2004-01-01

228

An Examination of Self-Presentational Concern of Turkish Adolescents: An Example of Physical Education Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine self-presentational concern of Turkish adolescents with regard to the gender composition of physical education (PE) class and also to investigate the attitude toward PE and PE class preferences of Turkish adolescents based on this concern. A total of 1,807 eighth-grade students (936 females and 871 males)…

Koca, Canan; Asci, Hulya F.

2006-01-01

229

Program Development Models and Reform in Turkish Primary School Mathematics Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the current reform in the Turkish Mathematics Education at the elementary level by summarizing the types of program development models and changes involved in the current reform. There are three models of pr ogram development; subject centred, learner centred, and problem centred. In terms of content, the Turkish elementary mathematics curricula seem

Cem BABADOGAN; Sinan OLKUN

230

Vegetarianism and eating disorders: association between eating attitudes and other psychological factors among Turkish adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences exist in eating attitudes, self-esteem, social trait anxiety and social physique anxiety of self-reported vegetarian and nonvegetarian Turkish adolescents. The sample for the Turkish University' students is designed to provide the estimates of vegetarian indicators and prevalence. The participants were 608 females and 597 males, in total 1205 adolescents aged

Murat Ba?; Efsun Karabudak; Gül Kiziltan

2005-01-01

231

An Empirical Study of Internet Usage, Online Shopping, and Online Banking Behavior of Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reviews the global trends in Internet access and concludes the rest of the world is rapidly catching up with the Western world. The study then shifts to the Turkish case and reports the findings of a survey conducted at a Turkish University that focused on Internet usage, online shopping and online banking. The results indicate that a large

Fahri Unsal; Nursel Ruzgar; Bahadtin Ruzgar

2008-01-01

232

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

233

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

234

Reasons for Errors Done by Belarusian Learners Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language (TFL) has gained importance recently and several studies are carried out in this field. Especially, learners of linguistically different communities (Byelorussian/Russian) are observed to make errors while learning Turkish. If making errors is an integral outcome in learning a TFL, then to what extent is it…

Tum, Gulden

2012-01-01

235

Teachers' Views on the Applicability of the Turkish Course Curriculum in Crowded Primary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Present study investigated relationships between classroom overcrowding and the Turkish education curriculum (2006) in terms of the applicability of activity-based lower secondary Turkish education curriculum in overcrowded classes. In addition, the problems that occur in the teaching process and the sufficiency of time for the program were…

Yaman, Havva

2009-01-01

236

Reviewing Sonority for Word-Final Sonorant+Obstruent Consonant Cluster Development in Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the acquisition patterns of sonorant+obstruent coda clusters in Turkish to determine whether Turkish data support the prediction the Sonority Sequencing Principle (SSP) makes as to which consonant (i.e. C1 or C2) is more likely to be preserved in sonorant+obstruent clusters, and the error patterns of…

Topbas, Seyhun; Kopkalli-Yavuz, Handan

2008-01-01

237

Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

2012-01-01

238

Competitive analysis of the Turkish brick industry—a case study for developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article was to examine the factors affecting the competition in brick industries in developing countries. Turkish brick industry was analysed as a case study within the frame of Porter's five forces model.A questionnaire survey was undertaken with Turkish brick makers and the results were evaluated by using frequency tables, Likert scale of comparisons and hypothesis testing.Findings

Emel Laptali Oral; Gulgun M?st?koglu

2007-01-01

239

Managing Turkish debt: An OLG investigation of the IMF's fiscal programming model for Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the fiscal policy alternatives on domestic debt management, cohort welfare, and growth for the Turkish economy. We utilize a model of exogenous growth in the overlapping generations (OLG) tradition with intertemporally optimizing agents and open capital markets, calibrated to the Turkish economy in 1990s. We examine the macroeconomic effects of the current IMF-led austerity program

Ebru Voyvoda; Erinc Yeldan

2005-01-01

240

Mutations of the CFTR gene in Turkish patients with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Mutations of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) can cause congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) as a primarily genital form of cystic fibrosis. The spectrum and frequency of CFTR mutations in Turkish males with CBAVD is largely unknown. METHODS: We investigated 51 Turkish males who had been diagnosed with CBAVD at the Hacettepe University, Ankara,

Didem Dayangac; Hayat Erdem; Engin Yilmaz; Ahmet Sahin; Christof Sohn; Meral Ozguc; Thilo Dork

2004-01-01

241

DESIRED AND PORTRAYED CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN IN MODERN TURKISH LITERATURE: 1960-1980  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the position of women in Turkish society since 1960, and the portrayal of these women in selected novels, short stories and plays of Turkish authors from 1960 until 1980. It examines whether the subordination of women in society is ascribed in literary works to their supposed innate inferiority as women, or is shown to be

Ramazan GÜLENDAM

242

Somatotypes of Male Whitewater Canoe Athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to determine the somatotype characteristics of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. 10 male whitewater canoe athletes from the Turkish National Canoe Team voluntarily participated in the study during the national team camp in Rize in 2011. The age, height, weight, skinfold thickness, circumference,…

Vedat, Ayan

2012-01-01

243

Diversity of Experience, Experience of DiversityTurkish Migrant Youth Culture in Berlin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In public, popular, and scholarly discourses, Turkish migrant youth appear as relentless agents of revitalized Turkishness or Islam in the midst of European modernity. Contrary to this seemingly intuitive assumption, I argue in this article that the manifest diversity of migrant youth cultures is facilitated and authorized by the discursive and institutional resources available to them in Berlin, the metropolis

Levent Soysal

2001-01-01

244

The Role of Agriculture in Turkish Economy at the Beginning of the European Union Accession Negotiations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, Turkish economy and importance of agriculture in the economy on the way of accession negotiations to the European Union (EU) are discussed. Compliance with EU norms based on macroeconomic indicators is evaluated. Turkish economy exhibits the characteristics of a developing economy based on per capita income, economic growth, employment, income distribution, foreign trade volume and economic structure.

Harun Tanrivermis; Mehmet Bulbul

2007-01-01

245

Dental Hygiene Fear Survey: Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of the present study were to 1) investigate patient anxiety as it relates to dental hygiene procedures and 2) conduct validity and reliability testing of the Turkish version of the Dental Hygiene Fear Survey (DHFS) to test its psychometric properties in the Turkish culture. The study consisted of 200 periodontal patients. The patients completed the DHFS, the Modified

Zuhal Yetkin Ay; Duru Gündog; Sener Büyüköztürk; Cynthia Gadbury-Amyot; Yetkin Ay

2008-01-01

246

Changes in the Turkish Security Culture and in the Civil-Military Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes dynamics of Turkish civil - military rela- tions starting from the year 2001. It aims at explaining both insti- tutional and cultural changes in the field. Analytical model applied assumes four main variables which are not deterministic: the EU - harmonization process as a major variable, the Turkish security culture, the civil-military related political culture and the

NILUFER NARLI

247

Application of Box–Behnken design and response surface methodology for modeling of some Turkish coals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of our research was to apply Box–Behnken experimental design and response surface methodology for modeling of some Turkish coals. As a base for this study, standard Bond grindability tests were initially done and Bond work indexes (Wi) values were calculated for three Turkish coals. The Box–Behnken experimental design was used to provide data for modeling and the variables

N. Aslan; Y. Cebeci

2007-01-01

248

Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

2012-01-01

249

Attitudes and opinions of Turkish language teacher candidates on the usage of basic language skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to put forward the status and opinions of Turkish Language Teaching students on basic language skills, hi this research, using the opinions of 235 students of Turkish Language Teaching during 2009-2010 year of education, a survey form consisting of six questions was used as a data collecting tool. The collected data was resolved by

A. Halim Ula?; Emine Kolaç; Cahit Epçaçan; O?uzhan Sevim

2010-01-01

250

Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

2005-01-01

251

Word Statistics of Turkish Language on a Large Scale Text Corpus - TurCo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determination of the statistical properties of a natural language is one of the most important part of the language analysis. Number of different words (NODW), and different word usage ratio (DWUR) concepts are some of the general characteristics of a corpus. These values are described and calculated for the Turkish corpus (TurCo). Also, word n-grams are calculated for Turkish which

Gökhan Dalkiliç; Yalçin Çebi

2004-01-01

252

On developing new text and audio corpora and speech recognition tools for the turkish language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent work towards development of new corpora and tools for Turkish speech research. This effort represents an on-going collaboration between the Center for Spoken Language Research (CSLR) at the University of Colorado and the Department of Electrical Engineering at the Middle East Technical University (METU). A new text corpus developed from Turkish newspapers' text is described. In

Özgül Salor; Bryan L. Pellom; Tolga Çiloglu; Kadri Hacioglu; Mübeccel Demirekler

2002-01-01

253

Reasons for Errors Done by Belarusian Learners Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language (TFL) has gained importance recently and several studies are carried out in this field. Especially, learners of linguistically different communities (Byelorussian/Russian) are observed to make errors while learning Turkish. If making errors is an integral outcome in learning a TFL, then to what extent is it…

Tum, Gulden

2012-01-01

254

Predictors of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of job satisfaction, job characteristics and demographics on levels of burnout among middle managers in the Turkish hospitality industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a questionnaire survey of 139 middle managers in four- and five-star hotels in a major tourist destination of Turkey, data were collected on: the Turkish version

Ay?e Kuruüzüm; Nilgün Anafarta; Sezgin Irmak

2008-01-01

255

Beliefs About Wife Beating Among Turkish College Students: The Effects of Patriarchy, Sexism, and Sex Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how patriarchy, hostile sexism, benevolent sexism, and sex of participants influence Turkish College students' attitudes toward wife beating. Two hundred twenty-one Turkish undergraduate students from Middle East Technical University filled out questionnaires measuring attitudes toward wife beating, hostile and benevolent sexism, and support for patriarchy. Participants were from middle or high social classes, and from various region

Nuray Sakalli

2001-01-01

256

Translation and validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish pre-service teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely conducted using adapted versions of the Schommer (1990)

Aylin Cam; Mustafa Sami Topcu; Yusuf Sulun; Gokhan Guven; Sertac Arabacioglu

2012-01-01

257

First and Second Language Proficiency: Prospects for Turkish and Moroccan Children in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a large-scale investigation among Turkish and Moroccan children in Dutch primary schools. The focus is on these children's proficiency, respectively in Turkish and Arabic and Dutch. and on the development of skills in both languages. (26 references) (VWL)|

Driessen, Geert

1992-01-01

258

Trends in sexual risk behaviour among Turkish\\/Moroccan adolescents in The Netherlands 1990-195  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: in 1990, a national survey on adolescent sexuality showed that Turkish\\/Moroccan students were at special risk for sexually transmitted diseases. In 1995 the study was repeated. This article describes trends in the safe sex knowledge and sexual behaviour of Turkish\\/Moroccan students. The results are also seen in relation to those of Dutch students. Methods: data were collected from representative

EMILY BRUGMAN; TON VOGELS; GERTJAN VAN ZESSEN

1997-01-01

259

Language Proficiency and Socio-Cultural Orientation of Turkish and Moroccan Youngsters in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherlands. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in…

Extra, Guus; Yagmur, Kutlay

2010-01-01

260

Language proficiency and socio-cultural orientation of Turkish and Moroccan youngsters in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, data and discourses on immigrant minority groups and languages other than Dutch at home and at school are presented in order to contextualise the status of Turkish and Moroccan communities and their languages in the Netherland. Patterns of language use, choice and attitudes of Turkish (n = 63) and Moroccan (n = 64) youngsters in the Netherlands

Guus Extra; Kutlay Yagmur

2010-01-01

261

Budgeting practices in the Turkish hospitality industry: An exploratory survey in the Antalya region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aims to explore budgeting practices of Turkish hotels in the Antalya region which is the most prominent tourism center of the country. The results indicate that having a budget committee and budget manual are common for Turkish hotels. Secondly, participative budgeting is advocated within the industry. Furthermore, budget period seems dynamic, because hotels state that they revise

Ali Uyar; Necdet Bilgin

2011-01-01

262

Sport, media and migration: use of sports media by Turkish migrants and its potential for integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay takes a closer look at what meaning the use of sports media has for the integration of German residents with a Turkish migration background. In a first step, the integrative potentials of the broadcast sports are discussed through theoretical considerations. Then, the selected empirical results of a survey of people with Turkish migration backgrounds, being the largest immigration

Mark Ludwig; Thomas Schierl

2012-01-01

263

Influence of Pluralism and Electoral Participation on the Transformation of Turkish Islamism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Similar to other Islamists, Turkish Islamists have also used intolerant and exclusivist rhetoric. They have used religion in a heavy-handed manner as the dominating parameter of their political ideology and have confined religious concepts and values to a certain group, nationalizing, modernizing, secularizing and politicizing them. Turkish Islamists have also envisaged taking over the state and using it to socially

Ihsan Yilmaz

264

How Responsive Turkish Health Care System Is to Its Citizens: The Views of Hospital Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With this paper it was tried to give a broad perspective about the responsiveness level of Turkish health care system, and how Turkish health care system meets the expectations of its citizens. For achieving the main purpose of this study a sample of hospital managers (n = 172) was selected, and the responsiveness questionnaire developed by WHO was administered. If

Ozgur Ugurluoglu; Yusuf Celik

2006-01-01

265

Comparison of Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms between Turkish and European-American Adults  

PubMed Central

One of the most important components of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is the evaluation of the patient's soft tissue profile. The main purpose of this study was to develop soft-tissue cephalometric standards for Turkish men and women and compare them with the cephalometric standards of normal European-American white people. The sample included 96 Turkish adults (48 women, 48 men), aged 20 to 27 years. Turkish subjects have increased facial convexity associated with retruded mandible, more obtuse lower face-throat angle, increased nasolabial angle and upper lip protrusion, deeper mentolabial sulcus, and smaller interlabial gap compared with European-American white people. It is appropriate to consider these differences during routine diagnosis and treatment planning of a Turkish patient or an American patient of European ancestry. Turkish males reveal more obtuse mandibular prognathism and upper lip protrusion, and smaller nasolabial angle than females.

Celebi, Ahmet Arif; Tan, Enes; Gelgor, Ibrahim Erhan; Colak, Tugba; Ayyildiz, Erdem

2013-01-01

266

Comparison of soft tissue cephalometric norms between Turkish and European-American adults.  

PubMed

One of the most important components of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is the evaluation of the patient's soft tissue profile. The main purpose of this study was to develop soft-tissue cephalometric standards for Turkish men and women and compare them with the cephalometric standards of normal European-American white people. The sample included 96 Turkish adults (48 women, 48 men), aged 20 to 27 years. Turkish subjects have increased facial convexity associated with retruded mandible, more obtuse lower face-throat angle, increased nasolabial angle and upper lip protrusion, deeper mentolabial sulcus, and smaller interlabial gap compared with European-American white people. It is appropriate to consider these differences during routine diagnosis and treatment planning of a Turkish patient or an American patient of European ancestry. Turkish males reveal more obtuse mandibular prognathism and upper lip protrusion, and smaller nasolabial angle than females. PMID:23533362

Celebi, Ahmet Arif; Tan, Enes; Gelgor, Ibrahim Erhan; Colak, Tugba; Ayyildiz, Erdem

2013-03-07

267

Taking it to the grave: gender, cultural capital, and ethnicity in Turkish death announcements.  

PubMed

Popularly considered a great equalizer, death and the rituals around it nevertheless accentuate social distinctions. The present study focuses on a sample (N = 2554) of death announcements in a major Turkish daily newspaper (Hürriyet) from 1970 to 2006. Out of the liminal position of Turkish death announcements between obituaries and death notices emerges a large decentralized collection of private decisions responding to death, reflecting attitudes toward gender, ethnic/religious minority status and cultural capital, and echoing the aggregate efforts of privileged groups to maintain a particular self-image. Class closures lead to openings for traditionally under-represented minorities, such as Jewish Turkish citizens and citizens of Greek or Armenian origin. Results reveal that signs of status and power in announcements are largely monopolized by men of Turkish-Muslim origins. Although the changes in the genre-characteristics of death announcements are slow, they correspond to major turning points in Turkish social history. PMID:20222236

Ergin, Murat

268

Intergenerational Transmission of Collectivism and Achievement Values in Two Acculturation ContextsThe Case of Turkish Families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan Families in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of parental goals and acculturation contexts on value transmission in immigrant families. Combining cross-national and cross-ethnic comparisons, 400 Turkish parent-child dyads in Germany and 190 Turkish and Moroccan dyads in the Netherlands were asked to report their commitment to family-based collectivism and individualism, their academic aspirations, as well as conformity, autonomy, and achievement goal stresses

Karen Phalet; Ute Schönpflug

2001-01-01

269

Vibration Analysis of Primary Inlet Pipeline of Pakistan Research Reactor1 during Steady State and Transient Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pakistan Research Reactor-1 (PARR-1) has been converted to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel and upgraded to a maximum power level of 9MW. During conversion and upgradation most of the reactor systems were modified and several additional facilities were provided. Major changes were carried out in the cooling system. These include installation of new primary pumps, set of heat exchanger assemblies,

S. K. AYAZUDDIN; A. A. QURESHI; T. HAYAT

1998-01-01

270

Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma  

PubMed Central

Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted.

Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y. Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A. Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R.; Pass, Harvey I.; Rivera, Zeyana S.; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

2011-01-01

271

Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma.  

PubMed

Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R; Pass, Harvey I; Rivera, Zeyana S; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

2011-07-25

272

Historical profile of gender in Turkish veterinary education.  

PubMed

Women in Turkey were first given the opportunity to attend schools of higher education in 1914. Following the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923, a number of social, judicial, and economic reforms took place that enabled women to participate actively in both the public and private sectors, and, as a consequence, the number of women students in higher education increased rapidly. The first woman graduated from the veterinary school in Ankara in 1935, becoming the first female veterinarian in the country. Since that time, the number of female veterinary graduates in Turkey has steadily increased. PMID:18723820

Gül, Raziye Tamay Basagaç; Ozkul, Türel; Akçay, Aytaç; Ozen, Abdullah

2008-01-01

273

[Turkish (Aztec) tobbaco (Nicotiana rustica L.) unnoticeable danger?].  

PubMed

Tobacco harmful influence on men's health is usually linked with smoking cigarettes. Alternative ways of intake tobacco are also dangerous. Nicotine and tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines with carcinogenic activity are not only present in tobacco smoke but also of nicotine-rich product for chewing. There are some internet sources about Turkish (Aztec) tobacco (Nicotiana rustica L.) as easy available material for home-made tobacco mixtures. A some reports about dangerous effects connected with chewing tobacco and similar to smoking-related disorders are present in current literature. PMID:18409339

Modnicki, Daniel

2007-01-01

274

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

SciTech Connect

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail [Council of Forensic Medicine, Ministry of Justice, Istanbul (Turkey); Uner, H. Bulent [Institute of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul (Turkey)

2007-04-23

275

Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic.

Cakir, Ismail; Uner, H. Bulent

2007-04-01

276

Body image among Turkish women during the first year postpartum.  

PubMed

In this study, we investigated the body image of Turkish women in their first year postpartum. We recruited 440 postpartum women who had applied to the outpatient clinics of the Maternity and Children's Hospital in the city of Ordu, Turkey. The mean of the women's body image scores was over the "middle level." The women's body image scale (BIS) score showed a significant negative relation with age, number of births, weight before pregnancy, weight gain, during pregnancy, weight soon after childbirth, present weight, postpartum weight gain, and postpartum body mass index (BMI). PMID:22242653

Erbil, Nülüfer; Senkul, Asuman; Ba?ara, Gül Feyza; Sa?lam, Ye?im; Gezer, Mehtap

2012-01-01

277

Initial Experiments on Fuzzy Control for Nuclear Reactor Operations at the Belgian Reactor 1  

SciTech Connect

The application of fuzzy logic control (FLC) in the domain of the nuclear industry presents a tremendous challenge. The main reason for this is the public awareness of the risks of nuclear reactors and the very strict safety regulations in force for nuclear power plants. The very same regulations prevent a researcher from quickly introducing novel control methods into this field. On the other hand, the application of FLC has, despite the ominous sound of the word 'fuzzy' to nuclear engineers, a number of very desirable advantages over classical control, e.g., its robustness and the capability to include human experience into the controller. In this paper an FLC for controlling the power level of a nuclear reactor is described. The study is intended to assess the applicability of FLC in this domain. The final goal is to develop an optimized and intrinsically safe controller. After reviewing some available literature on FLC in nuclear reactors, an FLC is proposed and first tested by comparing it with the classical controller of the Belgian reactor 1 (BR1). In the next step the BR1 at the Belgian Nuclear Research Center (SCK-CEN) was used as a test bed to implement a programmable logic controller-based hardware controller. The BR1 reactor is internationally regarded as a nuclear calibration reference. It therefore provides an excellent environment for this type of experiment because over the years considerable knowledge of the static and dynamic properties of the reactor has been accumulated. The project (1995-1999) aimed at investigating the added value and technical limits of FLC for nuclear reactor operations. The progress made in these experiments including closed-loop experiments are presented and discussed in this paper.

Da Ruan [Belgian Nuclear Research Center - SCK-CEN (Belgium)

2003-08-15

278

Genetic variation and relationships among Turkish water buffalo populations.  

PubMed

The genetic variation and relationships among six Turkish water buffalo populations, typical of different regions, were assessed using a set of 26 heterologous (bovine) microsatellite markers. Between seven and 17 different alleles were identified per microsatellite in a total of 254 alleles. The average number of alleles across all loci in all the analysed populations was found to be 12.57. The expected mean heterozygosity (H(e)) per population ranged between 0.5 and 0.58. Significant departures from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were observed for 44 locus-population combinations. Population differentiation was analysed by estimation of the F(st) index (values ranging from 0.053 to 0.123) among populations. A principal component analysis of variation revealed the Merzifon population to show the highest differentiation compared with the others. In addition, some individuals of the Danamandira population appeared clearly separated, while the Afyon, Coskun, Pazar and Thural populations represented a single cluster. The assignment of individuals to their source populations, performed using the Bayesian clustering approach implemented in the structure 2.2 software, supports a high differentiation of Merzifon and Danamandira populations. The results of this study are useful for the development of conservation strategies for the Turkish buffalo. PMID:19799598

Gargani, M; Pariset, L; Soysal, M I; Ozkan, E; Valentini, A

2009-10-02

279

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) Project: Status and Regional Importance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) Project was started in 1997 with support of the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey under Ankara University's coordination. After completing Feasibility Report (FR, 2000) and Conceptual Design Repot (CDR, 2005), third phase of the project was started in 2006 as an inter-university project with support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to write Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility as a first step. The first facility and TDR studies are planned to be completed in 2012. Construction phase of TAC will cover 2013-2023. TAC collaboration include ten Turkish Universities: Ankara, Gazi, ?stanbul, Bo?aziçi, Do?u?, Uluda?, Dumlupmar, Ni?de, Erciyes and S. Demirel Universities. It was planned that the first facility will be an IR FEL & Bremsstrahlung laboratory based on 15-40 MeV electron linac and two optical cavities with 2.5 and 9 cm undulators to scan 2-250 microns wavelength range. Main purpose of the facility is to use IR FEL for research in material science, nonlinear optics, semiconductors, biotechnology, medicine and photochemical processes. In this study; aims, regional importance, main parts and main parameters of TAC and TAC IR FEL & Bremsstrahlung facility are explained. Road map of the TAC project is given. National and international collaborations are explained.

Yava?, Ö.

2010-01-01

280

Common Familial Mediterranean Fever gene mutations in a Turkish cohort.  

PubMed

Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder with the responsible gene of MEFV which primarily affects Jewish, Armenian, Turkish and Arab populations. The FMF gene (MEFV) has recently been cloned to chromosome 16 p, which encodes pyrin. In the present study, we enrolled 2,067 unrelated patients with the suspicion of FMF in Middle Anatolia between the years 2006-2009 and identified the 12 MEFV mutations. DNA was amplified by PCR and subjected to reverse hybridization for the detection of MEFV gene mutations. Among the 2,067 patients, 866 (41.9%) were males and 1,201 (58.1%) were females. The mutations were homozygous in 176 (16.85%) patients, compound heterozygous in 314 (30.1%) patients, heterozygous in 546 (52.25%) patients and the other forms of mutations were found in 8 patients (0.76%). No mutation was detected in 1,023 (49.5%) patients. The most frequent mutations were M694V, M680I (G/C), E148Q and V726A. We could not find any significant differences between the two common mutations according to the gender. The high incidence of MEFV gene mutations in the Turkish population indicated that newborn screening may be discussed in the future. Because of the ethnic origin of Anatolia, larger serial analyses are necessary to investigate the rate and coexistence of these mutations. PMID:21153919

Dundar, Munis; Emirogullari, Elif Funda; Kiraz, Aslihan; Taheri, Serpil; Baskol, Mevlut

2010-12-14

281

Current Titles in Turkish Science. Volume 6. Numbers 7-9, July-August-September 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The monthly issues include journal articles, proceedings, reports, government documents, thesis and reprints of articles and other papers by Turkish authors published in foreign journals. Generally the material must have been published in the current year...

1979-01-01

282

Turkish Thoracic Society 16th Annual Congress: while I breathe, I hope.  

PubMed

Turkish Thoracic Society Meeting Antalya, Turkey, 3-7 April 2013 This year, the 16th Annual Congress of Turkish Thoracic Society took place in Antalya, Turkey, on 3-7 April 2013. The Turkish Thoracic Society has successfully organized 15 congresses starting in 1996, but it has been held annually since 2000. Considerable effort, dedication and enthusiasm behind the scenes are the major reasons for the national success and high quality of the congress. Each national congress of the Turkish Thoracic Society represents an outstanding collaboration between headquarters and the chief committee, all the members, specialists, residents and sponsors. It was officially reported that this year the congress had attracted over 1500 participants from different parts of Turkey along with 23 international faculties. A total of 815 abstracts have been sent to the scientific program committee and 153 abstracts among them have been accepted as oral presentations and the remaining have ended up as poster presentation. PMID:24090072

Bavbek, Sevim

2013-10-03

283

PRESERVICE SECONDARY MATHEMATICS TEACHERS' COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF TURKISH AND AMERICAN HIGH SCHOOL GEOMETRY TEXTBOOK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the preservice mathematics teachers' comparative analyses of Turkish and American geometry textbook. This study explores issues emerging from a teacher education activity from a course called \\

Hasan ÜNAL

284

Greek-Turkish Rapprochement Process, 1999-2004: Paradigm Shift or Epi-phenomenon.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the Greek-Turkish ongoing rapprochement. This latest rapprochement effort followed closely two devastating earthquakes that hit Greece and Turkey consequently in 1999. The two nations sent official and private (NGO) relief help, inclu...

M. Naoum

2004-01-01

285

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships among paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychiatric symptomatology were investigated in a Turkish college sample of 350 participants (233 females and 117 males). The data were collected with the Turkish version of Tobacyks revised Paranormal Belief Scale (PBS-R), Rotters Internal-External Locus of Control Scale (IELOC), and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Small but significant positive correlations between the

I Dag

1999-01-01

286

Frequency of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Turkish adult-onset diabetic population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequency of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in the Turkish adult-onset diabetic population has not been assessed previously. In the present study, we retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 801 Turkish patients with adult-onset (?30 years) diabetes to determine the frequency of cases diagnosed as insulin-dependent diabetes. Fifty-two (6.5%) patients met our criteria of adultonset insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. At disease onset,

A. Gtirlek; S. Sayinalp; O. Gedik

1996-01-01

287

Resisting the grammatical change: Nominal groups in Turkish-Norwegian codeswitching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with a particular grammatical feature in the Turkish-Norwegian codeswitching data, namely the nominal groups, with the help of the Matrix Language Frame model Myers-Scotton, 1993a [1997]). The main point here is to focus on the issue of stability, rather than change, in Turkish when in contact with Norwegian in a bilingual immigrant context. The data present us

Emel Türker

2005-01-01

288

Reliability and validity studies of the Turkish version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a self-administered eight-item questionnaire that is widely used in English speaking\\u000a countries for assessment of daytime sleepiness in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity\\u000a of the ESS in the Turkish language. The Turkish version of the ESS (ESStr) was applied to 194 healthy controls and 150 consecutive

Bilgay Izci; Sadik Ardic; Hikmet Firat; Altay Sahin; Meltem Altinors; Ismet Karacan

2008-01-01

289

Emotional and Behavioral Problems of Turkish Adolescents and Young Adults in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish adolescents in the Netherlands have more \\u000amental health problems, especially emotional problems, than Dutch \\u000aadolescents. It is unclear what happens with this disparity when \\u000aadolescents grow up into adults and whether it has consequences for \\u000asocial opportunities in adulthood. Further, little is known about the \\u000adeterminants of mental health problems of Turkish young adults in the \\u000aNetherlands. In this

Oort van F. V. A

2006-01-01

290

Exploring the factors contributing to empowerment of Turkish migrant women in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of demographic factors (length of stay, education and language level), perceived discrimination, social support, four acculturation attitudes, and psychological distress in predicting empowerment among Turkish migrant women in the UK. The study sample comprised 248 Turkish migrant women (mean age: 34.38; SD: 7.6) living in London. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess empowerment, social support,

S. Gulfem Cakir; Oya Yerin Guneri

2011-01-01

291

Determination of Fatty Acid Composition and Total Trans Fatty Acids in Cereal-Based Turkish Foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fatty acid composition and trans fatty acids of 13 cereal-based foods produced by Turkish companies were analysed by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. The total fat contents of the samples ranged from 1.8 to 37.9%. Traditional Turkish white bread and bulgur had the lowest fat content (1.8% and 2.3% respectively) and wafer the highest (37.9%). The major fatty acids in the

292

Beyond Post-Islamism: A Critical Analysis of the Turkish Islamism's Transformation toward Fethullah Gülen's  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increased international prominence of Turkey and its successful and internationally respected AK Party government, the Academia's attention has focused on the Turkish Islamist experience. Turkey had already been seen as an almost unique case as far Islam-state-secularism- democracy relations were concerned but the recent transformation of Turkish Islamism coupled with the global turmoil in the post-9\\/11 world has

Stateless Cosmopolitan Islam; Ihsan Yilmaz

293

A Two-Stage Visual Turkish Sign Language Recognition System Based on Global and Local Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide communication between the deaf-dumb people and the hearing people, a two-stage system translating Turkish\\u000a Sign Language into Turkish is developed by using vision based approach. Hidden Markov models are utilized to determine the\\u000a global feature group in the dynamic gesture recognition stage, and k nearest neighbor algorithm is used to compare the local\\u000a features in the

Hakan Haberdar; Songül Albayrak

2006-01-01

294

Turkish Fingerspelling Recognition System Using Axis of Least Inertia Based Fast Alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Fingerspelling is used in sign language to spell out names of people and places for which there is no sign or for which the\\u000a sign is not known. In this work we describe a Turkish fingerspelling recognition system that recognizes all 29 letters of\\u000a the Turkish alphabet. A single representative frame is extracted from the sign video, since that frame

Oguz Altun; Songül Albayrak; Ali Ekinci; Behzat Bükün

2006-01-01

295

Self-Esteem and the Evaluation of Ethnic Identity among Turkish and Dutch Adolescents in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nationwide sample of Turkish and Dutch adolescents was used to answer two questions. Do Turkish youths in the Netherlands demonstrate negative effects of minority status on global self-esteem or specific components of self-esteem? What is the meaning of ethnic identity for the self-concept of these youngsters? The results showed that Turkish adolescents had a lower score for global self-esteem

Maykel Verkuyten

1990-01-01

296

‘What will become of us without barbarians?’ The enduring Greek–Turkish rivalry as an identity-based conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper begins by presenting 10 reasons for the enduring Greek–Turkish rivalry and indicates that all of them can be overcome (and at times have been overcome). Yet they retain their salience, with no resolution of the outstanding Greek–Turkish differences in sight in spite of extensive bilateral talks. The thrust of the paper is that the non-resolution of the Greek–Turkish

Alexis Heraclides

2012-01-01

297

Complete genome sequences and phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis delta viruses isolated from nine Turkish patients.  

PubMed

Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a subviral agent of hepatitis B virus (HBV), and its life cycle is dependent on HBV. It is commonly accepted that HDV has eight distinct genotypes. In this study, the complete nucleotide sequences of HDV genomes isolated from nine Turkish patients were obtained by RT-PCR using two pairs of primers that cover the entire HDV genome. PCR products were sequenced directly. The results showed that these 9 isolates were approximately 1680 base pairs in length and clustered in the genotype HDV-1 branch when phylogenetic analysis was done with the sequences together with the complete sequences of HDV genomes representing each genotype retrieved from GenBank. Analysis of a portion of the large hepatitis D antigen (L-HDAg) gene showed that sequence similarity among these Turkish isolates is between 87.4 and 97.1%, and the Turkish isolates have the most sequence similarity to HDV-1 (90.5%), while they have the least sequence similarity to HDV-3 (64.1%). Full-genome analysis indicates that the sequence similarity is between 80.7 and 95.4%, and the highest sequence similarity is 84.8% (between the Turkish isolates and HDV-1). The lowest sequence similarity is 56.4% (between the Turkish isolates and HDV-3). In conclusion, phylogenetic analysis shows that the Turkish HDV isolates belong to HDV-1. PMID:21984217

Celik, Inci; Karatayli, Ersin; Cevik, Emrah; Kabakçi, S Gökçe; Karatayli, Senem Ceren; Dinç, Bedia; Cinar, Kubilay; Yalçin, Kendal; Idilman, Ramazan; Yurdaydin, Cihan; Bozdayi, A Mithat

2011-10-05

298

Sources of self-identity among Turkish adolescents.  

PubMed

As part of the International Self-Identity Research Project, this study explored sources of identity among Turkish adolescents. The interview sample consisted of three male and three female high school students in Ankara, Turkey. The results indicated that social, familial, personal, physical, and moral-ethical dimensions contributed to adolescents' definitions of self, but to different degrees. Social and familial dimensions were very influential and were used as reference points for defining self in other areas. Physical and personal aspects of identity were also apparent, but were not as salient as social and familial dimensions. Patriotism and religion played a role in moral-ethical identity. Overall, self-identity influenced emotional state, cognitive and behavioral functioning, and social relations to a significant degree. PMID:10658861

Güneri, O Y; Sümer, Z H; Yildirim, A

1999-01-01

299

The Status of Turkish Accelerator Center Test Facility  

SciTech Connect

Recently, conceptual design of Turkic Accelerator Center (TAC) proposal was completed. Main goal of this proposal is a charm factory that consists of a linac-ring type electron-positron collider. In addition, synchrotron radiation from the positron ring and free electron laser from the electron linac are proposed. The project related with this proposal has been accepted by Turkish government. It is planned that the Technical Design Report of TAC will have been written in next three years. In this period, an infrared oscillator free electron laser (IR FEL) will be constructed as a test facility for TAC. 20 and 50 MeV electron energies will be used to obtain infra red free electron laser. The main parameters of the electron linac, the optical cavities and the free electron laser were determined. The possible use of obtained laser beam in basic and applied research areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, semiconductors and photo chemistry were stated.

Yavas, Oe. [University of Ankara, Fac. of Engineering, Dept. of Engineering Physics, Tandogan 06100, Ankara (Turkey)

2007-04-23

300

Evaluation of Turkish National Strong Ground Motion Network Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The strong ground motion records archieved in the Turkish National Strong Ground Motion Network database and Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Strong Ground Motion Network database have been analysed in order to extract some regional characterisitics of the records and to evaluate existing attenuation relationships. The strong ground motion data of (M2.2-M7.4) earthquakes recorded from 1976 to 2007 have been analysed and engineering parameters extracted. The engineering parameters obtained from the process include peak ground motion parameters such as PGA, PGV, PGD, spectral parameters such as Sa, Sd, ground motion duration and intensity estimations. In total 6762(2254 x 3) strong ground motion records with epicentral distance varying from 8.7km to 250km have been studied. The calculated parameters have been used in the evaluation and comparision of ground motion prediction equations which are used in the formation of real-time ground motion parameters and intensity maps.

Zulfikar, C.; Kamer, Y.; Erdik, M. O.

2011-12-01

301

Secondary metabolites of Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species.  

PubMed

In the present study, the presence of the phloroglucinol derivative hyperforin, the naphthodianthrones hypericin and pseudohypericin, the phenylpropane chlorogenic acid and the flavonoids rutin, hyperoside, kaempferol, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine was investigated in Hypericum leptophyllum Hochst., an endemic Turkish species for the first time. The aerial parts representing a total of 30 individuals were collected at full flowering and dissected into floral, leaf, and stem tissues. After being dried at room temperature, the plant materials were assayed for secondary metabolite concentrations by HPLC. Aerial plant parts accumulated chlorogenic acid, hyperoside, isoquercetine, quercitrine, and quercetine, but they did not accumulate hyperforin, hypericin, pseudohypericin, rutin, and kaempferol. Accumulation levels of the detected compounds varied with plant tissues. Such kind of data could be useful for elucidation of the chemotaxonomical significance of the corresponding compounds and phytochemical evaluation of this endemic species. PMID:22649295

Camas, Necdet; Radusiene, Jolita; Stanius, Zydrunas; Caliskan, Omer; Cirak, Cuneyt

2012-04-29

302

Turkish Pupils' Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research study is to explore year 6, 8 & 11 (13, 15 and 17 years old respectively) Turkish pupils' views about the particulate nature of matter within the context of phase changes. About 300 pupils participated in the study. Questionnaires distributed to year 6, 8 and 11 pupils included 6-item open-ended questions about (a) arrangement and movement of particles in a solid, liquid and gas and (b) application of particulate ideas to explain phase changes. In addition to questionnaires, semi-structured interviews were carried out with pupils. Results indicated that many pupils, even older ones, had difficulties in applying the particulate theory to explain phase changes despite science teaching. The study has several implications for both teachers and curriculum designers.

Boz, Yezdan

2006-04-01

303

Turkish nursing students' knowledge and perceptions regarding virginity.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to describe the level of knowledge and perceptions of the Turkish nursing students regarding virginity, the virginity examination and the hymen repair. A convenience sample was used for the study purpose. An investigator designed questionnaire was administered to a total sample of 781 undergraduate nursing students originating from two universities in Mersin and Gaziantep, Turkey, respectively. The results showed that the participating nursing students agreed that a man must marry a virgin woman and the students' opinions had been affected by the social pressures and the social values regarding virginity. In additon, it was found that the repair of the hymen was acceptable by the participating students. The findings of this study addressed and highlighted the gap in the knowledge on virginity related violence so as to improve the educational programmes and clinical practice within the context of preparing nurses for an extended role in violence against women. PMID:22405344

Zeynelo?lu, Simge; K?sa, Sezer; Y?lmaz, Duygu

2012-03-08

304

Gem-quality Turkish purple jade: Geological and mineralogical characteristics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Harmancik-Bursa region of the western Anatolia (Turkey), an extensive contact metamorphic aureole at the border between the Late Mesozoic coherent metaclastic rocks of blueschist facies and the Early Senozoic intrusive granodiorite stock hosts an interesting and unique gem material with a mineral assemblage consisting mainly of jadeite, quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid, and phlogopite as identified by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and polarized-light microscopy. In addition, chemical analyses performed with X-ray fluorescence and inductive-coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy show that the mass of the metamorphic aureole has a silica-rich, calc-alkaline chemical content. Therefore, some rock building elements (such as Al, Ca, Na, K, P, Sr, and B of which characterize an acidic-neutral rock formation) and trace elements (such as Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ga, La, Ni, Pb, and Zn) are remarkable high ratios.Pale purple-colored gem material of this composition appears to be unique to Turkey, also is only found in one narrow provenance in Turkey. Therefore, it is specially called "Turkish (and/or Anatolian) purple jade" on the worldwide gem market. Even though the mineral jadeite is the principal constituent, 40% by volume as determined with petrographic thin-section examination under a polarized-light microscope, the material cannot be considered pure jadeite.Specific gravity measurements of the jade using a hydrostatic balance confirm that it has a heterogeneous structure. The measured average specific gravity of 3.04, is significantly lower than the normal range for characterized jadeites of 3.24-3.43.Turkish purple jade samples were examined in detail using dispersive confocal micro-Raman spectroscopy (DC?RS) as well as other well-known analytical methods. The resulting strong micro-Raman bands that peaked at 1038, 984, 697, 571, 521, 464, 430, 372, 326, 307, 264, and 201 cm-1 are characteristics of the Turkish purple jade. The first most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 697 cm-1 can be interpreted as the ?2 doubly symmetric bending mode of (SiO4/M) centers. The "M" includes the some cationic substitutions of Si by Fe, Cr, Mn, Be, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn, and also K and Na. The second most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 372 cm-1 can be interpreted as the ?2 single symmetric bending mode of (SiO4/M) centers. The third most intensive and widest Raman band that peaked at 201 cm-1 can be interpreted as translational libration. Finally, the fourth distinctive Raman bands that peaked at 1038 and 984 cm-1 can be interpreted as the ?1 doubly symmetric stretching modes of (SiO4/M) centers. In addition, both sides of these bands were also barricaded with relatively unimportant Raman bands produced by some structural imperfections.The measurements of these all analytical parameters are the most trustworthy method to distinguish the purple jade from the other well-known kinds of natural, synthetic, and/or color-enhanced jades. Finally, these parameters provide positive identification of the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade. The data obtained in this study for dispersive confocal micro-Raman bands, specific gravity values, and trace element contents provide a unique fingerprint for this kind of jadeite-jade gem material.

Hatipo?lu, Murat; Ba?evirgen, Yasemin; Chamberlain, Steven C.

2012-02-01

305

Retired physicians: a survey study by the Turkish Medical Association  

PubMed Central

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of retired Turkish physicians. The focus was on their working conditions, their health status, and the impact of their disabilities on activities of daily life. Methods: The survey was conducted using a 35 item questionnaire, which was distributed to the local medical chambers allied with the Turkish Medical Association and thereafter was mailed to retirees aged 65 years and older. Results: Out of 680 physicians, 391 (57.5%) responded, and percentages are expressed according to the number of physicians answering each question. The ages of the physicians ranged between 65 years and 91 years with a mean of 72.57±5.22 years. Overall, 236 physicians (60.8%) were still actively carrying on their profession, and 152 (39.2%) were not. Of the physicians who were working, 0.8% classified their working conditions as very bad, 9.7% as unsatisfactory, 37.7% as satisfactory, 33.6% as good, and 18.2% as excellent. The number of physicians with a disability was 42 (11.8%). The number of days on which physicians were hindered in their daily tasks ranged between 0 and 30 days with a mean (SD) of 1.55 (4.88) days, and the amount of sick leave ranged between 0 and 365 days with a mean of 2.25 (21.08) days. Conclusion: It is believed that planning for retirement in all its aspects should be a legitimate concern of all physicians. Recommendations for future retirees or the construction of guidelines for making this time of life enriching and a period of intellectual growth are awaited.

Gokce-Kutsal, Y; Ozcakar, L; Arslan, S; Sayek, F

2004-01-01

306

Intercultural Transmission of Collectivism and Achievement Values in Two Acculturation Contexts: The Case of Turkish Families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan Families in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the impact of immigrant parents' goals and acculturation contexts on family value transmission, surveying Turkish parent-child dyads in the Netherlands. Across cultures, parents' collectivism values were transmitted. Parental goals mediated value transmission. Transmission was significant after controlling for gender and education.…

Phalet, Karen; Schonpflug, Ute

2001-01-01

307

Intercultural Transmission of Collectivism and Achievement Values in Two Acculturation Contexts: The Case of Turkish Families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan Families in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined the impact of immigrant parents' goals and acculturation contexts on family value transmission, surveying Turkish parent-child dyads in the Netherlands. Across cultures, parents' collectivism values were transmitted. Parental goals mediated value transmission. Transmission was significant after controlling for gender and education.…

Phalet, Karen; Schonpflug, Ute

2001-01-01

308

Determinants of self-reported emotional and behavioral problems in Turkish immigrant adolescents aged 11–18  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine how adolescent, parent, family and stress factors and parental psychopathology are associated with self-reported emotional and behavioral problems in Turkish immigrant adolescents. Methods: Multiple logistic models were fitted to determine the associations between problems, assessed by the Youth Self-Report (n = 363), and determinants, derived from the Turkish Immigrant Assessment Questionnaire

S. Darwish Murad; I. M. A. Joung; F. C. Verhulst; J. P. Mackenbach; A. A. M. Crijnen

2004-01-01

309

Targeting and Fire Control System Analysis of the New Turkish Attack Helicopter 'The AH-1Z King Cobra'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May of 1997, the Turkish Military issued a Request for Proposal for the purchase of 145 attack helicopters. Turkey has chosen Bell Helicopter's KingCobra as its attack helicopter. The major difference between the USMC version of AH-1Z and the Turkish v...

G. L. Reyhan

2001-01-01

310

The Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale in Turkish Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study was to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQoL) in Turkish patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Demographic data of MS patients who had a registration in and followed up by a university hospital were recorded. The LMSQoL and Turkish Quality of Life…

Akbiyik, Derya Iren; Sumbuloglu, Vildan; Guney, Zafer; Armutlu, Kadriye; Korkmaz, Nilufer; Keser, Ilke; Yuksel, Muazzez Merve; Karabudak, Rana

2009-01-01

311

The Validity and Test-Retest Reliability of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale in Turkish Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQoL) in Turkish patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Demographic data of MS patients who had a registration in and followed up by a university hospital were recorded. The LMSQoL and Turkish Quality of Life…

Akbiyik, Derya Iren; Sumbuloglu, Vildan; Guney, Zafer; Armutlu, Kadriye; Korkmaz, Nilufer; Keser, Ilke; Yuksel, Muazzez Merve; Karabudak, Rana

2009-01-01

312

The Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Version of the Online Technologies Self-Efficacy Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study is to adapt a scale of self-efficacy towards online technologies which was developed by Miltiadou and Yu (2000) to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, first, the scale items were translated to Turkish by the researchers. Then, a translation form was further developed by consulting eight specialists. These English and…

Horzum, Mehmet Baris; Cakir, Ozlem

2009-01-01

313

Development of Social Studies Curriculum in Turkey and John Dewey's Effect on the Modernization of Turkish Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the historical development, status and purpose of the Turkish social studies curriculum in addition to understanding John Dewey's impact on the modernization of Turkish educational system. Document analysis as a qualitative research method is used in this study. The data were obtained from the…

Tarman, Bulent

2011-01-01

314

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

315

Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers in Pedagogy and Educational Technology during an Internship Program in the US  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study was conducted to examine technological and pedagogical experiences of Turkish student teachers in a US Department of State sponsored international internship program. The internship program had a specific emphasis on student-centered teaching and technology integration. Turkish interns completed a 6-week teaching…

Sahin, Ismail; Toy, Serkan

2009-01-01

316

Support and Education of Immigrants with Chronically Ill Children: Identified Needs from a Case Study of Turkish and Kurdish Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyse how parents of Turkish and Turkish/Kurdish children with diabetes and health care professionals perceived the education and support provided, and to assess what was required to improve the collaboration between the families and the team in order to optimize selfcare and metabolic control. Design: A…

Povlsen, Lene; Karlberg, Ingvar; Ringsberg, Karin C

2008-01-01

317

Vitamin B12 status in patients of Turkish and Dutch descent with depression: a comparative cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a clear relationship between depressive disorders and vitamin B12 deficiency. Gastroenteritis and Helicobacter pylori infections can cause vitamin B12 deficiency. Helicobacter pylori infections are not uncommon among people of Turkish descent in The Netherlands. AIM: To examine the frequency of vitamin B12 deficiency in depressive patients of Turkish descent and compare it to the frequency of

Yener Güzelcan; Peter van Loon

2009-01-01

318

Guiding metaphors of nationalism: the Cyprus issue and the construction of Turkish national identity in online discussions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a study of three major metaphors organizing nationalistic discourse about Cyprus in two online forums for Turkish university students. The analysis suggests that discussants symbolically warranted their constructions of the future of Cyprus and Turkish Cypriots with metaphors of blood and heroism that emphasized their personal and collective memory of sacrifice. Sports metaphors were used predominantly to

Lemi Baruh; Mihaela Popescu

2008-01-01

319

The stationary of energy consumption for Turkish disaggregate data by employing linear and nonlinear unit root tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the first attempt to investigate the stationary of energy consumption for Turkish disaggregates data by employing linear and non-linear unit root tests extending from 1970 to 2006. It is concluded that the linearity is rejected in 4 cases in 7 Turkish sectors. In addition, when LM (Lagrange multiplier) tests that account for at most two structural breaks

Alper Aslan; Hakan Kum

2011-01-01

320

Frequency of Thalassemia, Iron and Glucose6Phosphate Dehydrogenase Defi- ciency Among Turkish Migrating Nomad Children in Southern Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ferropenia and consequent iron deficiency anemia (IDA), 9-thalassemia, and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency are three main common hematological problems in Iran. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of these problems in Turkish migrating nomads in southern Iran. From June to October 2006, the blood sample of 152 Turkish migrating nomadic children including 79 (52%) males and 73

D. Mehrabani; M. Pasalar; A. R. Afrasiabi; Z. Mehravar; I. Reyhani; R. Hamidi; M. Karimi

321

Understanding and improving communication and decision-making in palliative care for Turkish and Moroccan immigrants: a multiperspective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The aim of this study is to explore how communication and decision-making in palliative care among Turkish and Moroccan patients is influenced by different styles of care management between Turkish and Moroccan families and Dutch professional care providers. Problems as well as solutions for these problems are highlighted.Design. A qualitative design was used, totally interviewing 83 people (6 patients,

Fuusje M. de Graaff; Anneke L. Francke; Maria E. T. C. van den Muijsenbergh; Sjaak van der Geest

2012-01-01

322

A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

2007-01-01

323

Support and Education of Immigrants with Chronically Ill Children: Identified Needs from a Case Study of Turkish and Kurdish Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The aim of the study was to analyse how parents of Turkish and Turkish/Kurdish children with diabetes and health care professionals perceived the education and support provided, and to assess what was required to improve the collaboration between the families and the team in order to optimize selfcare and metabolic control. Design: A…

Povlsen, Lene; Karlberg, Ingvar; Ringsberg, Karin C

2008-01-01

324

Family structure and spatial configuration in Turkish house form in Anatolia from late nineteenth century to late twentieth century  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a background that embraces various cultures and civilizations, the evolution of house form in Anatolia is a particularly interesting case. Previous research has examined configurational properties of Turkish houses during the Ottoman Empire period, with interpretations about relationships to social structure. Building on this research, this study examines the transformation of Turkish house and apartment plans from the late

Umut Toker; Zeynep Toker

325

The Effect of Dominant Discourses on the Vitality of Judeo-Spanish in the Turkish Social Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Judeo-Spanish in the light of language death/shift/revival theories, focusing on the Turkish Jews living in Istanbul who form the largest Jewish community in Turkey. Analysis focuses on dominant Eurocentric discourse each language carried, and their influence on the present linguistic situation in the Turkish Jewish community. (Author/VWL)

Altabev, Mary

1998-01-01

326

Design and Evaluation of a Text-to-Speech System for Azerbaijani Turkish Language and Database Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the design of a text-to-speech system for Azerbaijani Turkish language and also explains the database preparation for the system. Various speech synthesis methods are explained and some important linguistic features of Azerbaijani Turkish language are investigated. According to this features among the variety of synthesis methods, corpus based concatenative speech synthesis is selected for this language. A

Mir Saeed Damadi; Bahram Zahir Azami

2009-01-01

327

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

328

Does the Speech of Turkish-Speaking Phonologically Disordered Children Differ from that of Children Speaking Other Languages?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How phonological disorders should be categorized in Turkish children remained vague for a long period of time due to a lack of normative studies. This paper reports the phonological systems of 70 phonologically disordered children, aged 4;0-8;0, in comparison with the results of a normative study of 665 Turkish-speaking children, aged 1;3-8;0.…

Topbas, Seyhun

2006-01-01

329

Morphological Cues vs. Number of Nominals in Learning Verb Types in Turkish: The Syntactic Bootstrapping Mechanism Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The syntactic bootstrapping mechanism of verb learning was evaluated against child-directed speech in Turkish, a language with rich morphology, nominal ellipsis and free word order. Machine-learning algorithms were run on transcribed caregiver speech directed to two Turkish learners (one hour every two weeks between 0;9 to 1;10) of different…

Ural, A. Engin; Yuret, Deniz; Ketrez, F. Nihan; Kocbas, Dilara; Kuntay, Aylin C.

2009-01-01

330

Turkish Mothers' Verbal Interaction Practices and Self-Efficacy Beliefs regarding Their Children with Expressive Language Delay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to explore Turkish mothers' verbal interaction practices and their maternal self-efficacy beliefs regarding their children with expressive language delay. Participants included 33 Turkish mothers of children with expressive language delay. Results indicated that mothers in general use child directed talk strategies…

Diken, Ibrahim H.; Diken, Ozlem

2008-01-01

331

A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The questionnaire covers six biotechnological issues such as biotechnology, agrobiotechnology, human health

Lutfullah Turkmen; Emine Selcen Darcin

332

Life Satisfaction among Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands: The Role of Absolute and Relative Income  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we investigate the role of several socio-economic and non-economic factors such as absolute and relative income, education and religion to explain the differences of happiness levels of Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands by using ordered logit model. We focus on members of the Moroccan and Turkish communities, as…

Gokdemir, Ozge; Dumludag, Devrim

2012-01-01

333

Ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol among Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch ethnic groups living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background High total cholesterol and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol are important determinants of cardiovascular disease. Little is known about dyslipidemia among Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest ethnic minority groups in several European countries. This study examines ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol levels between Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan ethnic groups. Methods Data were collected in

J. K. Ujcic-Voortman; G. Bos; C. A. Baan; D. G. Uitenbroek; A. P. Verhoeff; J. C. Seidell

2011-01-01

334

Ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol among Turkish, Moroccan and Dutch ethnic groups living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: High total cholesterol and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol are important determinants of cardiovascular disease. Little is known about dyslipidemia among Turkish and Moroccan migrants, two of the largest ethnic minority groups in several European countries. This study examines ethnic differences in total and HDL cholesterol levels between Dutch, Turkish and Moroccan ethnic groups. METHODS: Data were collected in

Joanne K Ujcic-Voortman; Griët Bos; Caroline A Baan; Daan G Uitenbroek; Arnoud P Verhoeff; Jacob C Seidell

2010-01-01

335

Life Satisfaction among Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands: The Role of Absolute and Relative Income  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we investigate the role of several socio-economic and non-economic factors such as absolute and relative income, education and religion to explain the differences of happiness levels of Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants in the Netherlands by using ordered logit model. We focus on members of the Moroccan and Turkish communities, as…

Gokdemir, Ozge; Dumludag, Devrim

2012-01-01

336

Barriers to home care for terminally ill Turkish and Moroccan migrants, perceived by GPs and nurses: a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Previous qualitative research proved that relatives of elderly terminally ill Turkish and Moroccan immigrants experience several barriers to the use of Dutch professional home care. The aim of this study was to explore how general practitioners and home care nurses perceive the home care for terminally ill Turkish and Moroccan migrants and their families in the Netherlands. METHODS: Questionnaires

Fuusje M de Graaff; Anneke L Francke

2009-01-01

337

The effects of slaughter weight and sex on some slaughter traits of Akkaraman and Morkaraman and Turkish Merino lambs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Some slaughter characteristics of Akkaraman, Morkaraman and Turkish Merino lambs were evaluated. The data were collected from 219 Akkaraman (181 male and 38 female) and 54 Morkaraman (32 male and 22 female) and 73 Turkish Merino (47 male and 26 female) lambs. The data were analysed by using least squares models. The models were included fixed effects of breed,

Bülent TEKE; Necmettin ÜNAL

338

Teachers' and Students' Opinions about the Interactive Instructional Environment Designed for Bilingual Turkish Primary School Students in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the context of multicultural education process, bilingual students face the risk of failure due to the problems they experience while using their mother language. One of the groups that have similar problems is Turkish students in Norway; these students also have many problems in learning and using their mother language, Turkish. Some of…

Eristi, Suzan Duygu; Belet, Serife Dilek

2010-01-01

339

Current Observations in the Turkish Straits during EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Turkish Straits System (TSS) consists of the Bosphorus Strait, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles Strait and is the only connection between the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Pairs of acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) were deployed at each end of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits as part of the United States Naval Research Laboratory's Exchange Processes in Ocean Straits (EPOS) project. The main objective of EPOS is to understand the synoptic variability of the exchange flows in the TSS by study of the currents, temperature, salinity, and microstructure. In close collaboration with the Turkish Navy Office of Navigation, Hydrography and Oceanography and the NATO Undersea Research Center (NURC), the R/V Alliance was used for the mooring work and data collection. Eight current moorings were deployed in September 2008 and remained in place for about half a year in the Bosphorus and for one year in the Dardanelles. Nearly full water-column current profiles are used to describe the vertical current structure and the seasonal variability of the two-layer current system. Considerable differences in average flows, current variability, and layer thicknesses were found in both straits. Layer interfaces ranged from about 10 to 20 m depth in the Dardanelles and from 15 to 40 m depth in the Bosphorus. Integral time scales for the along strait current components were 2-4 days for the Dardanelles and 6-9 days for the Bosphorus. Maximum observed currents were 122 cm/s in the Dardanelles and 231 cm/s in the Bosphorus. Largest speeds were observed in the upper layer except for the northern end of the Bosphorus. Greatest range in velocity was at the southern end of the Bosphorus where the currents ranged from -231 to +115 cm/s. Depth dependent processes dominated both straits and were stronger in the Bosphorus. Dynamical processes appeared similar at both ends of the Dardanelles but dynamics were very different between the ends of the Bosphorus, and quite different between the two straits. Numerous current reversals were found in the top layer and, interestingly, can be predicted from the integrated wind stress. We expect that results from this experiment will enhance our understanding of the dynamics in the TSS and will lead to additional field and modeling efforts. This is the first time that comprehensive current measurements coincident to both straits over seasonal time scales have been made.

Teague, William J.; Jarosz, Ewa; Book, Jeffrey W.; Besiktepe, Sukru; Hulbert, Mark; Quaid, Andrew

2010-05-01

340

[Different explanatory models for addictive behavior in Turkish and German youths in Germany: significance for prevention and treatment].  

PubMed

Due to cultural and social barriers, immigrants seldom frequent centers for information, counseling, and treatment of addictive disorders. We examine cultural differences in the explanatory models of addictive behavior among Turkish and German youths in Germany with statistical devices that map the concepts associated with problems of addiction. Relevant differences were found between the disorder concepts of Turkish and German youth. German but not Turkish youths classified eating disorders among severe addictive disorders and associated them with embarrassment and shame. Concerning substance abuse, German but not Turkish youths clearly differentiated between illegal drug abuse and the abuse of alcohol and nicotine. Nearly half of all Turkish youths rejected central medical concepts such as "physical dependence" or "reduced control of substance intake" as completely inadequate to characterize problems of addictive behavior. Preventive information programs must consider these differences and use concepts that are accepted and clearly associated with addictive behavior by immigrant populations. PMID:12940243

Penka, S; Krieg, S; Hunner, Ch; Heinz, A

2003-07-01

341

Chronic procrastination among Turkish adults: exploring decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles.  

PubMed

The authors examined the prevalence of chronic procrastination (decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles) as functions of demographic variables among 354 Turkish adults (148 men, 206 women; M age = 38.7 years, SD = 8.26 years). Prevalence analyses showed that among Turkish participants, 17.5% were indecisive procrastinators, 13.8% were avoidant procrastinators, and 14.7% were arousal procrastinators. Results did not yield significant differences for gender or age on any forms of procrastination, which is consistent with other international samples. However, significant differences emerged depending on the number of children such that Turkish adults who had more than 3 children claimed to be more indecisive than they claimed to be arousal or avoidant procrastinators. Respondents with less than a graduate degree reported higher rates of indecision than did respondents with at least a graduate degree. PMID:19537606

Ferrari, Joseph R; Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan

2009-06-01

342

Identity and politicization among Turkish migrants in Germany: the role of dual identification.  

PubMed

The article examines the role of collective identification processes in the politicization of Turkish migrants in Germany. Building on the suggestion that politicized collective identity is a dual identity, the authors predicted and found that dual identification as both Turkish and German was positively related to politicization among members of the Turkish minority in Germany. This relationship was found in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses and held up even when the influence of sociodemographic variables, past political activity, and other forms of collective identification were statistically controlled, suggesting a unique and causal role of dual identification. However, there was no evidence that dual identification fosters radicalization or even political violence. The implications for social integration of politicization driven by dual identification are discussed, as is the interplay of dual identification and separatist identification that could underlie the shift from involvement in normative politics to radicalization. PMID:19025288

Simon, Bernd; Ruhs, Daniela

2008-12-01

343

Candi(e)d action: biosocialities of Turkish Berliners living with diabetes.  

PubMed

In this article, I explore Turkish migrants' responses to diabetes in Germany. Anthropological studies on health inequalities tend to theorize "social suffering" as passive experiences; those that analyze active social engagement by patient groups as "biosociality" do so solely in the realm of biotechnologies and suggest that social disadvantage prevent active engagement. This article draws on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork in Berlin from 2006 to 2007. Although Turkish Berliners seem burdened by diabetes, informal diabetes care, for example through a self-help group, is nonetheless collectively negotiated. Increasing incidence and awareness of diabetes in Berlin's Turkish population and their growing political organization and economic entrepreneurship, against the backdrop of experiences of marginality, gives rise to biosociality unanticipated in previous accounts. Addressing the limitations of previous uses of biosociality, this ethnography suggests that social interaction and belonging that formed around altered biologies, here diabetes, are complex and fragmented. PMID:22007563

Guell, Cornelia

2011-09-01

344

[Turkish exile of women and their contribution to the science of Turkey from 1933 to 1945].  

PubMed

When the National-Socialists from the year 1933 forced Jewish civil-servants and professionals to leave their jobs with restrictive laws against different professional groups, among those who left the country in order do find new openings were many women. For many of them the exile meant the break up of their academic career. However, those who found a new occupation in the Turkish university reform the Turkish state started in 1933 made an important contribution to a successful project of science transfer the large group of emigrants from Germany and Austria carried out in Turkey between 1933 and 1945. The article shows how exiled German and Austrian women especially in the medical professions took part in the innovational shift of science and learning of the Turkish universities and the clinical practice in the institutions of public health. PMID:17153363

Erichsen, Regine

2005-12-01

345

Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism.  

PubMed

In this study, the reliability, validity, and psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism were assessed. The psychometric properties of the scale were studied through a descriptive and correlational design. The study sample consisted of 231 healthy people living in the Marmara region of Turkey. In order to obtain three sets of data, a questionnaire was designed containing demographic questions and the Scale. The content validity index for the full scale was 0.98. The ? coefficient for 25 items was 0.84, and the split-half reliability of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism was 0.81. The three factors represented 38.31% of the variance. In this study, we concluded that the Turkish version of the Fraboni Scale of Ageism is a suitable instrument for measuring ageism in the Turkish population. PMID:23186521

Kutlu, Yasemin; Kucuk, Leyla; Yildiz Findik, Ummu

2012-12-01

346

Moral reasoning and moral orientation of U.S. and Turkish university students.  

PubMed

Participants from an individualistic society (U.S.A.) were compared with participants from a collectivistic society (Turkey) in terms of moral reasoning and orientation (justice and care). A total of 396 undergraduates (203 U.S. students, 193 Turkish students) between the ages of 18 and 46 years were administered the original version of the Defining Issues Test and the Measure of Moral Orientation. Turkish participants received higher mean principled scores than did the U.S. participants, and female participants received higher mean principled scores than did male participants. Turkish participants also scored significantly higher on the justice and care orientations than U.S. participants, and female participants scored significantly higher on the justice and care orientations than male participants. PMID:21117472

Kuyel, Nilay; Glover, Rebecca J

2010-10-01

347

Characteristics of 351 supernumerary molar teeth In Turkish population  

PubMed Central

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the demographic profile of supernumerary molar (SM) teeth in people in various regions of Turkey. Study Design: A retrospective analysis was carried out on an initial sample of 104,902 subjects drawn from the ortopantographics files from 10 clinics in 7 Turkish cities with documentation of demographic data, the presence of SM teeth, their location, eruption, morphology, and position within the arch. In one region associated patho­logies and treatments were also evaluated. Results: Three hundred fifty-one SMs were detected in 288 patients, constituting 0.33% of the study subjects, with a greater frequency in females (56.4%). SMs were found more frequently in the maxilla (87.7%) than in the mandible, and distomolars (62.9%) were more common than paramolars. The SMs encountered were mostly of conical shape (45.7%), impacted (81.1%), and in a vertical position (52.1). The 33% of SM teeth were related to impacted molar teeth. Conclusion: The most common complication involving these teeth was soft tissue irritation. Demographic data from such specific extensive studies are crucial for improved diagnosis of SM teeth. Early detection allows for measures against complications and more successful therapy. Key words:Supernumerary molars, distomolar, paramolar, prevalence.

Kara, Muhammed I.; Ay, Sinan; Bereket, Cihan; Sener, Ismail; Bulbul, Mehmet; Ezirganl?, Seref; Polat, Hidayet B.

2012-01-01

348

Modified Turkish delight: morcellized polyethylene dorsal graft for rhinoplasty.  

PubMed

Rhinoplasty is one of the most challenging facial aesthetic procedures. Achieving a desirable result depends on correct planning and execution and the tissue characteristics of the patient. Dorsal augmentation has been performed extensively using cartilage grafts harvested from the septum, alar cartilage, conchal artilage and costal cartilages as well as from bone harvested from the ilium or tibia. Carved or crushed cartilage used as a graft might be perceptible through the nasal skin when tissue resolution is complete. Graft warpage and displacement are potential complications. The use of finely diced cartilage wrapped in one layer of Surgicel mixed with 1 ml of the patient's blood, popularly known as Turkish delight, was suggested by Erol in 2000. The use of cartilage from the septum and ala might not suffice and conchal and costal cartilage harvesting requires a second surgical site. Also, considering the increasing demand for revision rhinoplasty, it might not always be feasible to harvest an adequate quantity of graft. The authors suggest the use of finely diced Medpor implant material wrapped in Surgicel, mixed with 1 ml of the patient's blood for dorsal augmentation during rhinoplasty. Preliminary results are encouraging. PMID:21514116

Richardson, S; Agni, N A; Pasha, Z

2011-04-21

349

Assessment of Turkish junior male physicians' exposure to mobbing behavior  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the extent of Turkish junior male physicians’ exposure to mobbing behavior and its correlation with physicians' characteristics. Methods The study included physicians recruited for compulsory military service in April 2009. No sampling method was used, questionnaires were delivered to all physicians, and 278 of 292 (95%) questionnaires were returned. We used Leymann Inventory of Psychological Terror including 45 items for data collection and structural equation model for data analysis. Results A total of 87.7% of physicians experienced mobbing behavior. Physicians who worked more than 40 hours a week, single physicians, physicians working in university hospitals and private hospitals, and physicians who did not have occupational commitment were more exposed to mobbing (P??0.05). All goodness-of- fit indices of the model were acceptable (?2?=?1.449, normed fit index?=?0.955, Tucker Lewis index?=?0.980, comparative fit index?=?0.985, and root mean square error of approximation?=?0.040). Conclusions Workplace mobbing is a critical problem for junior male physicians in Turkey. We suggest an introduction of a reporting system and education activities for physicians in high-risk groups.

Sahin, Bayram; Cetin, Mehmet; Cimen, Mesut; Yildiran, Nuri

2012-01-01

350

A Common VWF Exon 28 Haplotype in the Turkish Population.  

PubMed

An increasing number of mutations and polymorphisms have been identified in the von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene of patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). Most of the sequence alterations are within exon 28, duplicated in the VWF pseudogene on chromosome 22. Genetic recombination causing the gene conversion between the VWF gene and its pseudogene is associated with multiple substitutions in the VWF gene and with VWD. In the present study, VWF gene exon 28 was analyzed in 33 patients with VWD by DNA sequencing. A total of 73% of the patients were heterozygous for p.D1472H, p.V1485L, p.1500A, p.1501F, p.L1503P, and p.S1506L single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Family analysis revealed that the gene conversion occurred between the VWF gene and its pseudogene in 3 patients. Case-control association analysis by Haploview 4.2 did not show an association between the haplotype and VWD. In conclusion, a common exon 28 haplotype in the Turkish population, which might have arisen from the gene conversion events in the founder population, was identified. PMID:22473027

Berber, Ergul; Pehlevan, Funda; Akin, Mehmet; Capan, Ozlem Yalcin; Kavakli, Kaan; Caglayan, S Hande

2012-04-02

351

GAA repeat polymorphism in Turkish Friedreich's ataxia patients.  

PubMed

Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), the most common subtype of early onset hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by unstable GAA tri-nucleotide expansions in the first intron of FRDA gene located at 9q13-q21.1 position. Results of GAA repeat polymorphism in 80 Turkish SCA patients and 38 family members of 11 typical FRDA patients were reported. GAA triplet repeat size ranged from approximately 7 to 34 in normal alleles and from approximately 66 to 1300 in mutant alleles. Twenty six patients were homozygous for GAA expansion and size of expanded alleles differed from approximately 425 to 1300 repeats. Children 2 and 6 years old (showing no ataxia symptoms) of one family had homozygous GAA expansions reaching approximately 925 repeats. All 11 families studied had at least 1 afflicted child and 9 parents and 2 siblings were carrier (heterozygous) with mutant alleles ranging from 66 to 850 repeats. Family studies confirmed the meiotic instability and stronger effect of expansion in the smaller alleles on phenotype and a negative correlation between GAA repeat expansion size and onset-age of the disease. PMID:16644517

Yilmaz, M Bertan; Koç, A Filiz; Kasap, Halil; Güzel, A Irfan; Sarica, Yakup; Süleymanova, Dilara

2006-05-01

352

Gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity.  

PubMed

This study investigated gender role influences on Turkish adolescents' self-identity process as part of the International Self-Identity Research Project. A total of 154 male and 119 female adolescents ages 14 through 17 from urban and rural areas of Turkey were surveyed through a questionnaire. The results indicated that "family" was the dominant source of belongingness for both males and females, followed by "friendships" and "school." Friendships and education were valued more by females than by males. Symbolic items (e.g., relationships, happiness) influenced females' self-identity more than they did males, while males tended to place greater importance on material items (e.g., home, TV, sports equipment). Athletic activities were highly important in males' self-validation process while females were oriented more toward the artistic and creative. General affective attributes (e.g., honesty, respect, thoughtfulness) were similarly valued by males and females as important criteria for self-evaluation. Finally, males were more religious, patriotic, and felt stronger ties to ancestors while females appeared to be more altruistic and placed high importance on social relations. PMID:9105502

Yildirim, A

1997-01-01

353

Sleep quality and job satisfaction of Turkish nurses.  

PubMed

This research was conducted as a descriptive study for the purpose of examining nurses' sleep quality, job satisfaction, and the relationship between them. The research population was comprised of nurses who work at Inönü University Turgut Ozal Medical Center (Turkey) and the research was conducted with a total of 418 nurses. A Personal Information Form, developed by the researchers based on information in the literature, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Short Form Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), which have been adapted for Turkish and had validity and reliability studies conducted, were used for data collection in the research. For data analysis, frequency distribution, arithmetic mean, variance analysis (One-Way ANOVA), Tukey test, and Independent Samples t test were used. According to the findings obtained from the research it was determined that nurses' total sleep quality score mean was 7.28 +/- 3.56 and job satisfaction score mean was 48.05 +/- 11.77 and a weak negative correlation was found between the 2 tools (r = -0.25) (P < .05). As the nurses' sleep quality increased (that is, as their sleep quality score mean decreased) their job satisfaction increased (their job satisfaction score mean increased). In general, the results obtained from our research show that nurses' sleep quality is low and their job satisfaction is at a moderate level. In parallel with this, as the nurses' sleep quality decreases their job satisfaction also decreases. PMID:19041451

Karagozoglu, Serife; Bingöl, Nurhan

354

First Year Turkish Science Undergraduates' Understandings and Misconceptions of Light  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study aims to identify first year Turkish Science undergraduates’ understandings and misconceptions of the concept of light and its propagation. For this purpose, an instrument composed of four open-ended questions was developed by the researchers. The diagnostic test was piloted with twenty students and modifications were made prior to the final administration of the test. The content validity of the test questions was assessed by two physics researchers and one lecturer. These questions were administered to a hundred first year undergraduates (aged 16-18) enrolled in the Science Teacher Training Department in Ataturk University in Turkey. In addition, the semi-structured interviews of 30-40 min were conducted with the four students whose responses involved common misunderstanding. All interview records were transcribed and analysed. The findings showed that undergraduates’ understanding of light is poor and also they have important and prevalent misconceptions. Identified misconceptions, some of which have been reported in the literature, are discussed qualitatively. The misunderstandings identified were compared with those in the literature. The results have some implications for teaching light, suggesting that a substantial revision of teaching strategies is needed.

Yalcin, Mehmet; Altun, Sema; Turgut, Umit; Aggül, Fatma

2009-08-01

355

Validation of the Wexner scale in women with fecal incontinence in a Turkish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and hypothesis  The main aim of this study was to validate the Turkish translated version of the Wexner scale.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  After establishing the test–retest reliability and internal consistency of the Turkish version of Wexner scale on 31 patients,\\u000a total and subscale scores and anal manometric measurements of 60 participants were performed. Correlation between Wexner scale\\u000a scores and manometric measurement values were

Cetin Cam; Selcuk Selcuk; Mehmet Resit Asoglu; Niyazi Tug; Yesim Akdemir; P?nar Ay; Ates Karateke

356

The health status of first- and second-generation Turkish immigrants in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  Since previous research on immigrants’ health status is rare, this study focuses on Turkish immigrants currently living in\\u000a Germany and evaluates their subjective health status using relatively new data from the Generations and Gender Survey (2005\\/2006).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The cross-sectional study includes around 10,000 German natives and 4,000 Turkish immigrants. Logistic regression models are\\u000a estimated to compare the health of first- and

Annelene Wengler

357

Psychological distress, depression and generalised anxiety in Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  This study assesses the prevalence of and risk and protective factors for common mental health complaints in a general population\\u000a sample of Turkish and Moroccan immigrants living in Belgium. Focus is on between- and within-group variation.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The study is based on pooled data from the Belgian Health Interview Surveys 2001 and 2004 and focuses on the Turkish and Moroccan\\u000a immigrant

Katia Levecque; Ina Lodewyckx; Piet Bracke

2009-01-01

358

Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.  

PubMed

Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability. PMID:23833879

Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Kayis, Ahmet Rifat; Akin, Ahmet

2013-04-01

359

Terrestrial Gravity Measurements towards Turkish Height System Modernization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the key components of the Turkish height system modernization project is the determination of high resolution regional gravity field from terrestrial and satellite measurements. Terrestrial gravity data in Turkey have been collected by different organizations over many decades. Although the density of these data is sufficient in most part of the country, the poor quality mainly due to the inconsistent coordinate and gravity reference frames prevented us to compute a gravimetric geoid model of a few cm accuracy. Therefore, we are now working on the elimination of discrepancies between these historical datasets, developing a national gravity database and preparing guidelines for measuring, reducing, processing and exchanging terrestrial gravity data. In the meantime, new field campaigns were started in 2011 to extend the national gravity standardization network and to increase the amount of control points to be used for the quality check of the historical data. This study describes the (i) recent relative gravity and vertical gravity gradient measurements, (ii) numerical investigations on the standard reductions due to Earth tides, polar motion, instrumental height and air pressure variations, (iii) applied adjustment models and adjustment results. Preliminary results show that differences between using Longman formula adopted in Scintrex CG3 and CG5 instruments and the specific tide catalogues (e.g. Cartwright-Tayler, Tamura) with approximate amplitude and phase-difference values for the main tide wave groups never exceed 5 ?Gal. Maximum reduction for the pole motion is about 2 ?Gal. The variations in atmospheric pressure lead to a maximum reduction of about 5 ?Gal. Vertical gravity gradient values determined at 98 sites are in the range of -0.2078 to -0.4357 mgal/m with a mean of -0.2995 mgal/m that is about 9 ?Gal/m different from the theoretical value.

Simav, Mehmet; Y?ld?z, Hasan; Direnç, Ahmet; Türkezer, Ali

2013-04-01

360

Evaluation of Turkish seaweeds for antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial and cytotoxic activities.  

PubMed

As part of our continuing research on seaweeds, crude MeOH extracts of two green, three brown and six red algae collected from Marmara, Black, Aegean and Mediterranean Seas were screened. Four parasitic protozoa, i.e. Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, T. cruzi, Leishmania donovani and the tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis were used as test organisms for the in vitro assays. The selective toxicity of the extracts was also determined against mammalian L6 cells. All seaweed extracts were active against T. brucei rhodesiense; the Dasya pedicellata extract was the most potent (IC(50) value 0.37?µg/mL). The same extract also weakly inhibited the growth of T. cruzi (IC(50) 62.02?µg/mL). All seaweed extracts also showed leishmanicidal activity (IC(50) values 16.76-69.98?µg/mL). The majority of the extracts also exhibited antiplasmodial potential and the most potent extracts were those from D. pedicellata (IC(50) 0.38?µg/mL), Codium bursa (IC(50) 1.38?µg/mL) and Caulerpa rasemosa (IC(50) 3.12?µg/mL). One brown and two red algal extracts showed some weak activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC values 125-256?µg/mL). Except for the extract of Dasya pedicellata, none of the extracts displayed any cytotoxicity. This is the second study investigating the antiprotozoal activities of Turkish marine algae and identifies Dasya pedicellata, an understudied algal species, as a candidate for further studies. PMID:21520472

Süzgeç-Selçuk, Sevda; Meriçli, Ali H; Güven, Kas?m C; Kaiser, Marcel; Casey, Rosalyn; Hingley-Wilson, Suzie; Lalvani, Ajit; Tasdemir, Deniz

2010-11-12

361

Common MEFV gene mutations in Turkish patients with Behcet's disease.  

PubMed

Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder whose etiology has not been fully established yet. The MEditerranean FeVer (MEFV) gene has been identified as the cause of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). BD shows similarities with FMF, in terms of clinical findings and treatments, as well as their geographical and ethnic co-occurrence. In this study we investigated common MEFV gene mutation frequencies in Turkish patients with BD in an area of Turkey where both diseases are frequently encountered. We screened 207 BD patients who had no symptoms and family history for FMF and 200 healthy subjects for five common MEFV gene mutations (E148Q, M680I, M694V, V726A, P369S) and clinical features. Seventy-five patients were found to carry a single MEFV mutation, and six patients were compound heterozygous. The difference in the frequency of the MEFV mutation between the BD and control groups was statistically significant (p<0.001, odds ratio [OR] 2.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.75-4.29). The frequencies of E148Q and M680I mutations were significantly higher in the BD group (p=0.001, p=0.046, respectively). The frequency of uveitis was significantly lower in patients with the mutation than in patients without the mutation (p=0.029, OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.30-0.98). There was no statistical significance between carriers and non-carriers with respect to gender and other manifestations of BD. The frequency of the MEFV mutation was significantly higher in patients with BD compared to the healthy control group. Based on our results, MEFV mutations appear to have a role in the pathogenesis of BD. PMID:23973724

Tasliyurt, Turker; Yigit, Serbulent; Rustemoglu, Aydin; Gul, Ulker; Ates, Omer

2013-08-22

362

Cellular profile of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in Turkish miners  

PubMed Central

Pneumoconiosis is still a health problem in Turkey and has a relatively high incidence. Retired underground miners were investigated to document alveolitis, and to observe the difference in the cellular profiles of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid with or without pneumoconiosis. Twenty nine retired male miners and 17 controls, eight non-smokers (four male, four female) and nine smokers (six male, three female), without any dust exposure were evaluated. According to the International Labor Office 1980 classification system, the miners were allocated to three subgroups: eight without pneumoconiosis, 11 with simple pneumoconiosis, and 10 with progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). Spirometric tests and arterial blood gases analysis were done and fibreoptic bronchoscopy and BAL were performed in all subjects. The study and the control subjects were comparable in respect to age, smoking habits, except the non-smoker controls, and the duration of dust exposure, except the controls. The amount of recovered BAL fluid was lower in all miners compared with the non-smoker controls (p<0.05). The amount of recovered BAL fluid and the total cell count correlated significantly (r = 0.48, p<0.01). The percentage of lymphocytes in the BAL fluid of miners without pneumoconiosis and with PMF (p<0.05) and that of simple pneumoconiosis (p<0.01) was significantly lower compared with the non-smoker controls. Alveolitis was not a representative feature of Turkish subjects with an occupational history of underground mining, and BAL fluid cellular profile did not seem to be different in miners with or without pneumoconiosis.

Kayacan, O; Beder, S; Karnak, D

2003-01-01

363

Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions about Scientist and What Factors Affecting the Image of the Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students' views of science and scientists have been widely studied. The purpose of this study is to analyze image of scientist from drawn picture of scientists using The Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) by 5th grade students and to analyze where this image comes from students minds in changing Turkish educational perspective. Two hundred eighty seven…

Turkmen, Hakan

2008-01-01

364

Networks for Knowledge: The Turkish Electronic Classroom in the Twenty-First Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers ways in which technology such as computer networks may affect the future development of education in Turkey. A historical-cultural perspective of Turkish education is provided; education as an agent for transmitting cultural values is discussed; computerized information networks are described; and obstacles are considered. (eight…

McIsaac, Marina Stock

1992-01-01

365

Potential bioleaching developments towards commercial reality: Turkish metal mining’s future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bioleaching\\/biooxidation processes have been commercially applied for the recovery of copper, gold and uranium for two decades. Concerning these processes by mesophiles and thermophiles, academic and commercial applications have been extensively increasing in laboratory, pilot, full scale operations. Several bacterial species are used in many commercial operations in South America, Australia, South Africa, India, China. In near future Turkish copper

A. Akcil

2004-01-01

366

A Randomized Control Study of Responsive Teaching with Young Turkish Children and Their Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A randomized control study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of responsive teaching (RT) with a sample of 19 Turkish preschool-age children with disabilities and their mothers over a 6-months period. RT is an early intervention curriculum that attempts to promote children's development by encouraging parents to engage in highly…

Karaaslan, Ozcan; Diken, Ibrahim H.; Mahoney, Gerald

2013-01-01

367

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

368

Screening of Turkish anti-ulcerogenic folk remedies for anti- Helicobacter pylori activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The anti-Helicobacter pylori effect of the extracts and fractions obtained from seven Turkish plants, which are used in folk medicine for the treatment of gastric ailments including peptic ulcers, were studied against one standard strain and eight clinical isolates of H. pylori by using the agar dilution method. Flowers of Cistus laurifolius and Spartium junceum, cones of Cedrus libani, herbs

Erdem Ye?ilada; ?lhan Gürbüz; Hirofumi Shibata

1999-01-01

369

(On the Erection and the Engravement of the Old Turkish Inscriptions)  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a chance to compare what is mentioned in the Old Turkish Inscriptions, which are spread over various areas in the Middle Asia, with Chinese, Byzantine and Arabic sources. However, this comparison can only be made possible on condition that the owners of the khanate inscriptions have governmental relations with the mentioned governments. The inforination on especially who they

Erhan AYDIN

2007-01-01

370

ATTITUDES OF TURKISH DISTANCE LEARNERS TOWARD INTERNET-BASED LEARNING: An Investigation Depending on Demographical Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to develop an attitude scale toward Internet-based learning (IBL) and to investigate whether attitude levels of Turkish distance learners in an IBL environment differ according to their demographical characteristics (i.e. age, gender, marital status, parental status, employment status, grade point average (GPA). Research data were gathered from 804 (491 male and 313 female) learners

Erkan TEKINARSLAN

371

Turkish Female Students' Attitudes toward Internet, Computers and Game Play from the View of Cultural Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the current status of computer usage, Internet usage and game preferences among 252 Turkish primary school female students. Data were collected by giving to the participants a questionnaire and conducting brief interview with 71 girls selected randomly. The quantitative results revealed that many of the participants had negative attitudes toward new technologies

YAVUZ INAL; KURSAT CAGILTAY

372

Turkish immigrant entrepreneurs in the European Union: a political-institutional approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Applying a multidisciplinary perspective combining theories about immigration, citizenship and enterprise, this paper seeks to examine the influence of the political-institutional framework in the development of enterprise amongst Turkish immigrants in the European gateway cities, pointing to the relevance of the case study for wider theoretical debate about immigration, globalisation and enterprise. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is based

Prodromos Ioannou Panayiotopoulos

2008-01-01

373

Predictors of Suicidal Behavior in a Sample of Turkish Suicide Attempters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a Turkish sample, 100 suicide attempters, were compared with 60 healthy controls on measures of hopelessness, depression, and suicidal ideation. Suicide attempters were more depressive, more hopeless, and displayed greater suicidal ideation than healthy controls. Depression severity rather than hopelessness correlated with suicidal intent.…

Sayar, Kemal; Kose, Samet; Acar, Burcin; Ak, Ismail; Reeves, Robert A.

2004-01-01

374

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Turkish Parents in Relation to Their Recognition of Emotional Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To develop an instrument which could assess the extent to which emotionally maltreating parental behavior was recognized by Turkish parents (Study 1) and to evaluate a group of parental and family characteristics that were related with their recognition of emotional maltreatment (Study 2). Methods: Self-administered instruments were…

Uslu, Runa Idil; Kapci, Emine Gul; Yildirim, Revan; Oney, Esra

2010-01-01

375

Runs in Folktales and the Dynamics of Turkish Runs : A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Runs are inherent to Turkish folktales, as they are to folktales of certain other cultures. They are traditionally accepted forms, and useful compositional devices that function as bridges between the world of the tale and the world of everyday reality. This study attempts to demonstrate the dynamics of runs through an ex- amination of the stylistic techniques that narrators employ,

DENIZ ZEYREK

1993-01-01

376

Migrant News Seekers: News media use and evaluation by Moroccan and Turkish adolescents in Flanders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article empirically examines the use and evaluation of television news by young 'news seekers' of Moroccan and Turkish origin. The main research questions are: Do 'migrant' adolescents, between 18 and 28 years, consult the Flemish television news? And, if so, how do they evaluate these broadcastings? By means of in-depth interviewing we tried, in this qualitative study, to gain

Noël Clycq

377

Internet-assisted technologies for English language teaching in Turkish universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the enormous potential of the Internet has gained attention in Internet-assisted language teaching (IALT), a solid background of research is still lacking about\\/investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' use of Internet assistive technologies. This study set out to determine Turkish university level EFL instructors' perceptions and perspectives on the use of the Internet for pedagogical purposes. A

Serkan Celik

2012-01-01

378

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

379

Attachment and Coping as Facilitators of Posttraumatic Growth in Turkish University Students Experiencing Traumatic Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to explore the role of attachment and coping as facilitators of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a sample of Turkish university students who experienced traumatic life-events. Participants who reported a traumatic event from a list were asked to choose the most distressing one and to fill out trauma impact-related questions, measures of attachment styles, ways of coping

Gizem Arikan; Nuray Karanci

2012-01-01

380

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

381

Depth profiles of cyanobacterial hepatotoxins (microcystins) in three Turkish freshwater lakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Turkish freshwater lakes, Sapanca, Iznik and Taskisi (Calticak) have been enriched with nutrients from agriculture and domestic sources for many years. A major bloom of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) in Lake Sapanca was recorded in May 1997, closely followed by a fish kill. Investigations were subsequently made on the cyanobacteria and water quality of the lakes, including analysis for cyanobacterial

Meric Albay; Reyhan Akcaalan; Huseyin Tufekci; James S. Metcalf; Kenneth A. Beattie; Geoffrey A. Codd

2003-01-01

382

The Determinants Of Human Resource Practices: An Empirical Investigation In The Turkish Manufacturing Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource Practice is a relatively new concept in Turkey. This paper documents the results of our empirical study on the determinants of human resource practices of 217 companies in the Turkish manufacturing industry. Therefore, this study aims at contributing to theory building by examining the determinants of human resource activities of recruiting and selection, training and development, compensation and

Hatice Ozutku; Harun Ozturkler

2009-01-01

383

THE DETERMINANTS OF HUMAN RESOURCE PRACTICES: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION IN THE TURKISH MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human Resource Practice is a relatively new concept in Turkey. This paper documents the results of our empirical study on the determinants of human resource practices of 217 companies in the Turkish manufacturing industry. Therefore, this study aims at contributing to theory building by examining the determinants of human resource activities of recruiting and selection, training and development, compensation and

Harun ÖZTÜRKLER

384

How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

Sengoren, S. K.

2010-01-01

385

What is Behind the Headscarf Ruling of the Turkish Constitutional Court?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern constitutions foresee a constitutional judiciary body to serve as a limiting factor for the legislative body. The concrete users of this judiciary power have been the constitutional courts. The Turkish Constitutional Court takes Carl Schmitt as a reference, whether intentionally or not, while making the decisions in question. The Court did not use its factual review power, the power

Abdurrahman Saygili

2010-01-01

386

Global supplier selection strategies and implications for supplier performance: Turkish suppliers’ perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today's global competitive environment, supplier evaluation and selection strategies are not only important for buyer performance and competitiveness, but also for supplier performance and capabilities. This study from the suppliers’ perception examines (i) the structure of supply relationships between Turkish automotive parts and components manufacturers and their global buyers, (ii) global buyers’ supplier evaluation and selection strategies, and (iii)

A. Inemek; O. Tuna

2009-01-01

387

The Mosque as a Divisive Symbol in the Turkish Political Landscape  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the impact of two controversial mosque projects. The first project was intended for Göztepe Park and the second for Taksim Square in Istanbul. These projects are considered in the broader context of a general Islamist bid over the last few decades to re?conquer the Turkish political landscape and public opinion. These attempts on the part of Islamist

Sefa ?im?ek; Zerrin Polvan; Tayfun Ye?il?erit

2006-01-01

388

Turkish dilemma after Operation Desert Storm (1990–1991): an analysis of “negative consequences”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the internal criticism of the political and economic consequences of Turkish support for the UN international coalition against Iraq's occupation of Kuwait in 1990. Was this criticism warranted and justifiable or not? To answer the research question, certain issues like the Kurdish problem, relations with other countries in the region, and economic issues will be examined in

Haldun Çanc?; ?evket Serkan ?en

2010-01-01

389

Transfer of Conceptualization Patterns in Bilinguals: The Construal of Motion Events in Turkish and German  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present article we provide evidence for the occurrence of transfer of conceptualization patterns in narratives of two German-Turkish bilingual groups. All bilingual participants grew up in Germany, but only one group is still resident in Germany (n = 49). The other, the returnees, moved back to Turkey after having lived in Germany for…

Daller, Michael H.; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine; Furman, Reyhan

2011-01-01

390

A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.…

Cokelez, Aytekin

2010-01-01

391

Making Sense of Turkish Foreign Policy in the Middle East under AKP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employing the four categories of change as defined by Charles Hermann and the insight of Walter Carlsneas that the dynamic between structure and agency causally condition each over time, the article conceptualizes change in Turkish foreign policy under the AKP. This theoretical analysis of Turkey's foreign policy allows for the examination of the interplay of domestic actors with the regional

Meliha B. Altuni?ik; Lenore G. Martin

2011-01-01

392

Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College and the Atlantic Council of the United States conducted a colloquium entitled 'The Evolution of U.S.-Turkish Relations in a Transatlantic Context' on March 25, 2007. Additional support for this ...

W. A. Terrill

2007-01-01

393

Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

Song, Steve

2011-01-01

394

Component Processes of Early Reading, Spelling, and Narrative Writing Skills in Turkish: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined: (a) the role of phonological, grammatical, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) skills in reading and spelling development; and (b) the component processes of early narrative writing skills. Fifty-seven Turkish-speaking children were followed from Grade 1 to Grade 2. RAN was the most powerful longitudinal predictor of reading…

Babayigit, Selma; Stainthorp, Rhona

2010-01-01

395

Turkish-German Access to Higher Education: An Historical and Democratic Theory Analysis, 1960-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article looks at access to higher education in Germany. For a number of reasons, explained in this article, higher education is presently an elite system that privileges ethnic Germans while preventing Turkish-Germans from gaining sufficient access into academe. If Germany is to become a fully functioning multicultural democracy with equal…

Gonzalez, Roger Geertz

2012-01-01

396

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Turkish Immigrants with Type 2 Diabetes Living in The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cross sectional study investigated the association of tobacco smoke, vitamin D status, anthropometric parameters, and kidney function in Turkish immigrants with type 2 diabetes (T2D) living in the Netherlands. Study sample included a total of 110 participants aged 30 years and older (males= 46; females= 64). Serum cotinine, a biomarker for smoke exposure, was measured with a solid-phase competitive

Shiryn D Sukhram

2012-01-01

397

Cardiovascular risk factors in Turkish immigrants with type 2 diabetes living in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cross sectional study investigated the association of tobacco smoke, vitamin D status, anthropometric parameters, and kidney function in Turkish immigrants with type 2 diabetes (T2D) living in the Netherlands. Study sample included a total of 110 participants aged 30 years and older (males= 46; females= 64). Serum cotinine, a biomarker for smoke exposure, was measured with a solid-phase competitive

Shiryn D Sukhram

2012-01-01

398

LAY THEORIES OF CAUSES OF AND CURES FOR DEPRESSION IN A TURKISH UNIVERSITY SAMPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study on university students' attributions for the causes of and cures for depression conducted in a Turkish sample. Results revealed six components for causes, which were trauma, job-related problems, loss, disposition, intimacy, and isolation. Seven compo- nents were found for cures, which were hobby, sensation seeking, avoidance, professional help, religious practices, esteem, and spiritual activities. Men

Okan Cem Çirako?lu; Do?an Kökdemir; Kür?ad Demirutku

2003-01-01

399

Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

Cuhadar, Cem

2012-01-01

400

Reflections of Single Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research was guided by the research question: How do full-time single Turkish international graduate students conceptualize their experiences as international students? Participants in the study included three doctoral students and three master's students who participated in a series of semi-structured interviews. The data was transcribed and…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2010-01-01

401

Examination of Personality Characteristics in a Turkish Sample: Development of Basic Personality Traits Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to test the cross-cultural validity of the five-factor nature of personality. For this aim, an indigenous, psychometrically strong instrument measuring the basic personality dimensions within Turkish culture and language was developed through three consecutive studies. The first study aimed to reveal the adjectives that have been most frequently used to define people in

Tülin Gençöz; Öznur Öncül

2012-01-01

402

The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

2010-01-01

403

An Analysis of Burnout and Job Satisfaction between Turkish Headteachers and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study attempted to explore Turkish headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction relating to work status, gender and years work-experiences. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is difference between headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction in terms of work status, gender and years…

Gursel, Musa; Sunbul, Ali Murat; Sari, Hakan

2002-01-01

404

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-01-01

405

Opinions of Students at Turkish and German Universities on Turkey in the EU Accession Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Turkey's candidacy for accession to the European Union (EU) dates back to many years and is still a current and highly disputed issue. This study was conducted to determine the opinions of students at Turkish and German universities on Turkey in relation to the European Union. Two hundred twenty six German students participated in the study from…

Celebi, Nurhayat

2009-01-01

406

Mini Skirts and Headscarves: Undergraduate Student Perceptions of Secularism in Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education sector. The study further illuminates these students' perspectives of how the university may…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Seggie, Fatma Nevra

2008-01-01

407

Evaluation of Eleventh Grade Turkish Pupils' Comprehension of General Chemistry Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study is to evaluate eleventh grade Turkish pupils' comprehension of various general chemistry concepts which in turn enables to investigate chemistry concepts which are easier and harder for students to comprehend. Examining the effect of gender and last semester chemistry course grades on pupils' comprehension of…

Belge Can, Hatice; Boz, Yezdan

2011-01-01

408

SEASONAL EFFECTS ON TRANSPLANTABILITY OF SCARLET OAK, GREEN ASH, TURKISH HAZELNUT AND TREE LILAC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak), Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash), Corylus colurna (Turkish hazel- nut) and Syringa reticulata 'Ivory Silk' (tree lilac) trees were transplanted bare-root throughout the spring and fall planting season. Post-transplant response was compared with the root growth activity of established trees at the time of transplanting. Root growth rate of established trees at transplanting was not related to

J. Roger Harris; Nina L. Bassuk

409

Turkish foreign policy since 2002: between a‘post-Islamist’government and a Kemalist state  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses Turkish foreign policy over the past four years, since the election of a ‘post-Islamist’ administration. It argues that although this period has been ‘Huntingtonian’, in terms of the diff erent political values and origins of the government on the one hand and the largely Kemalist state on the other, in the realm of foreign policy at least

PHILIP ROBINS

2007-01-01

410

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess students' homework behaviors, and a multiple regression approach was employed to determine whether students' homework motivation

Ayten ?flazo?lu; Eunsook Hong

2012-01-01

411

Emotion Regulation and Problem Behaviours in Turkish Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the group differences of 49 boys and girls from two different groups of Turkish children with and without attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) in the following two variables: emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy. In order to measure emotional intensity and perceived self-efficacy, children completed the…

Ozdemir, Selda

2011-01-01

412

Breast cancer risk factors in Turkish women – a University Hospital based nested case control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has been increased in developing countries, but there are limited data for breast cancer risk factors in these countries. To clarify the risk for breast cancer among the Turkish women, an university hospital based nested case-control study was conducted. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2006, a survey was prospectively conducted among women admitted to clinics of

Vahit Ozmen; Beyza Ozcinar; Hasan Karanlik; Neslihan Cabioglu; Mustafa Tukenmez; Rian Disci; Tolga Ozmen; Abdullah Igci; Mahmut Muslumanoglu; Mustafa Kecer; Atilla Soran

2009-01-01

413

Counseling programs and the outcome of gestational diabetes in Austrian and Mediterranean Turkish women  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of patients from different ethnic groups is admitted to European diabetes treatment centers. Counseling programs are of central importance in disease treatment, especially in gestational diabetes where counseling is of influence also on the outcome of pregnancy. We report about the outcome of gestational diabetes in 39 Mediterranean Turkish and 72 Caucasian Austrian women treated at our

Friedrich Hoppichler; Monika Lechleitner

2001-01-01

414

Visiting Shrines: A Turkish Religious Practice and Its Mental Health Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to explore through qualitative methodology the practice of visiting shrines, a religious practice indigenous to Turkish Muslims, and its potential mental health benefits. Thirteen individuals were interviewed at two shrines in Istanbul, Turkey. The researchers focused on visitors' presenting issues, beliefs…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Ciftci, Ayse; Bulgan, Gokce

2013-01-01

415

Attributions for Problem Behavior as Described by Turkish Teachers of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this survey study was to determine Turkish teachers' attributions of problem behaviors. The participants' (special education teachers) attributions of problem behaviors varied with some teachers showing agreement with a behavioral perspective while others attributed the occurrence of problem behaviors to other factors (e.g., poor…

Erbas, Dilek; Turan, Yasemin; Aslan, Yesim Gulec; Dunlap, Glen

2010-01-01

416

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

417

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

418

Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and…

Ergin, Murat

2012-01-01

419

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality questionnaire,…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

420

The Effects of Culture on Psychological Mobility: Comparative Analyses of Turkish and Canadian Academicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study comparatively examines the effects of culture on psychological mobility of academicians in Turkey and Canada. Questionnaires were completed by 382 respondents, of them 277 Turkish and 105 Canadian. Data were collected using INDCOL for measuring the four cultural dimensions. Psychological mobility that consisted of boundaryless…

Erdogmus, Nihat; Aytekin, Ihsan

2012-01-01

421

Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

Song, Steve

2011-01-01

422

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

423

Transfer of Conceptualization Patterns in Bilinguals: The Construal of Motion Events in Turkish and German  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present article we provide evidence for the occurrence of transfer of conceptualization patterns in narratives of two German-Turkish bilingual groups. All bilingual participants grew up in Germany, but only one group is still resident in Germany (n = 49). The other, the returnees, moved back to Turkey after having lived in Germany for…

Daller, Michael H.; Treffers-Daller, Jeanine; Furman, Reyhan

2011-01-01

424

Reading Comprehension, Figurative Language Instruction, and the Turkish English Language Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Turkish-speaking population in the United States increased significantly in the 1990s and has risen steadily over time. Today, the highest concentration is located in the states of New York, California, New Jersey, and Florida. Kaya (2003) reported a geographical dispersion across the U.S., from New York to…

Palmer, Barbara C.; Bilgili, Ebru M.; Gungor, Arzu; Taylor, Susan H.; Leclere, Judith T.

2008-01-01

425

Maternal Socialization and Child Temperament as Predictors of Emotion Regulation in Turkish Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the role of maternal socialization and temperament in Turkish preschool children's emotion regulation. Participants consisted of 145 preschoolers (79 boys, 69 girls; M[subscript age]= 62 months), their mothers, and daycare teachers from middle-high socioeconomic suburbs of Istanbul. Maternal child-rearing practices and…

Yagmurlu, Bilge; Altan, Ozge

2010-01-01

426

Visiting Shrines: A Turkish Religious Practice and Its Mental Health Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to explore through qualitative methodology the practice of visiting shrines, a religious practice indigenous to Turkish Muslims, and its potential mental health benefits. Thirteen individuals were interviewed at two shrines in Istanbul, Turkey. The researchers focused on visitors' presenting issues, beliefs…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Ciftci, Ayse; Bulgan, Gokce

2013-01-01

427

MARRYING A ‘FOE’: JOINT SCRIPTS AND REWRITTEN HISTORIES OF GREEK-TURKISH COUPLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing the notion of “mixture” in marriages between individuals with diverse ethnic and religious identity as well as ambiguous historical relations, this article investigates the conjugal life and relations of Greek-Turkish couples living in Athens. It explores the meanings such unions take on in modern Greek society where nationalist discourse underlines issues of cultural and biological “purity” and shows how

Marina Petronoti; Eleni Papagaroufali

2006-01-01

428

Complete Genome Sequence of an MLB2 Astrovirus from a Turkish Child with Diarrhea.  

PubMed

Only two complete genome sequences of MLB2 astroviruses are available, one from an Indian child with diarrhea and another from plasma of an American child. Here we report the complete MLB2 genome sequence from a Turkish child with diarrhea. This MLB2 astrovirus genome sequence shows high nucleotide identity with the American MLB2. PMID:23950127

Mitui, Marcelo Takahiro; Bozdayi, Gulendam; Matsumoto, Takashi; Dalgic, Buket; Nishizono, Akira; Ahmed, Kamruddin

2013-08-15

429

A large Turkish kindred with syndactyly type II (synpolydactyly). 1. Field investigation, clinical and pedigree data  

Microsoft Academic Search

A very large Turkish family with syndactyly type II (synpolydactyly (SPD)) is described, which originated from and is mainly concentrated in the village of Derbent, Afyon. The kindred consists of 425 subjects over seven generations, of whom 182 are affected. It appears that a founder effect in this village has led to this extensive kindred. This condition is inherited as

B S Sayli; A N Akarsu; U Sayli; O Akhan; S Ceylaner; M Sarfarazi

1995-01-01

430

Turkish High School Students' Biology Achievement in Relation to Academic Self-Regulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith,…

Yumusak, Necmettin; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

431

An Analysis of the Portrayal of Gender Roles in Turkish Television Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine gender role portrayals in Turkish television advertising. For this purpose, a content analysis of the advertisements that aired on the selected 6 television channels was carried out. Three hundred fourteen independent advertisements were coded according to general characteristics of the advertisements and demographic and attitudinal\\/behavioral characteristics of the primary figures. The data

Nimet Uray; Sebnem Burnaz

2003-01-01

432

Development of Turkish Education Policy and the Modernization Primary Education Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Turkish Republic was born out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire (1270-1920), which extended into three continents and ruled people of various ethnic denominations having different languages, religions, and culture. Elementary education for the masses was left to the people themselves, with little input from the imperial administration. This…

Sevinc, Muzeyyen

2006-01-01

433

Religiosity and the Construction of Death in Turkish Death Announcements, 1970-2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Death and rituals performed after death reflect and reproduce social distinctions despite death's popular reputation as a great leveler. This study examines expressions of religiosity and constructions of death in Turkish death announcements, paying particular attention to gendered, ethnic, and temporal variations as well as markers of status and…

Ergin, Murat

2012-01-01

434

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-01-01

435

Meanings of Child's Play According to Turkish Early Childhood Educators: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Play is a very critical element in and has important long-lasting impacts on child's development and learning. However, it has numerous definitions many of which are unclear. There is also a lack of research done with Turkish participants about the meaning of child's play according to early childhood educators who have significant roles in this…

Tekin, Gokce; Tekin, Ali Kemal

2007-01-01

436

Dimensions of advertising attitudes : Congruence between Turkish and New Zealand consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Examines the similarities and differences in the dimensionality of advertising attitudes between Turkish and New Zealand consumers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey data, collected by questionnaire from 303 respondents in Turkey and 189 respondents in New Zealand were first analysed separately using principal components analysis to identify the underlying dimensions of advertising attitudes. The factor congruency technique was then used

Nicholas J. Ashill; Ugur Yavas

2005-01-01

437

The media and reform: The saz and elektrosaz in urban Turkish folk music  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arabesk, a popular genre of Turkish music, is explicitly condemned by the dominant Kemalist political tradition. This critique is frequently cast in terms of an ideological distinction between the forces of a bureaucratic, secular centre and a reactionary, “Islamist” periphery. The former has promoted a reconstructed national folk musical tradition, in opposition to the “oriental” fatalism of Arabesk, associated with

Martin Stokes

1992-01-01

438

Cross-cultural differences in the perception of crowding and privacy regulation: American and Turkish students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines cross-cultural differences in the perception of crowding and privacy regulation between American and Turkish freshmen living in similar residence hall settings. The research was conducted at Oklahoma State University (OSU) in Oklahoma, USA and at Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey. Participants were evenly divided across culture and gender. The total sample size was 408 freshmen living in

Naz Kaya; Margaret J. Weber

2003-01-01

439

Exploring Academic Procrastination Among Turkish Students: Possible Gender Differences in Prevalence and Reasons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2, 784 students (363 women, 421 men; M

Bilge Uzun Özer; Ayhan Demir; Joseph R. Ferrari

2009-01-01

440

An Analysis of Burnout and Job Satisfaction between Turkish Headteachers and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to explore Turkish headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction relating to work status, gender and years work-experiences. The purpose of this study is to find out whether there is difference between headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction in terms of work status, gender and years…

Gursel, Musa; Sunbul, Ali Murat; Sari, Hakan

2002-01-01

441

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

442

Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

2011-01-01

443

Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites,…

Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

2011-01-01

444

Poststroke Shoulder Pain in Turkish Stroke Patients: Relationship with Clinical Factors and Functional Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this study was to assess the possible causes of hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) in Turkish patients with stroke, to identify the correlation between HSP and clinical factors, and to review the effects of HSP on functional outcomes. A total of 187 consecutive patients with stroke were evaluated for the presence of HSP and for the…

Barlak, Aysegul; Unsal, Sibel; Kaya, Kurtulus; Sahin-Onat, Sule; Ozel, Sumru

2009-01-01

445

A comparison of some of the cardiovascular risk factors in vegetarian and omnivorous Turkish females  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Elevated serum total homocysteine (tHcy) is asso- ciated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Homocysteine levels may be influenced by dietary habits. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a vegetarian diet on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in Turkish females. Method The study was conducted on 26 vegetarian and 26 omni-

E. Karabudak; G. Kiziltan; N. Cigerim

2008-01-01

446

Turkish high school students' biology achievement in relation to academic self-regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, & McKeachie, 1991) and a Biology Achievement Test developed by the researchers. Results

Necmettin Yumusak; Semra Sungur; Jale Cakiroglu

2007-01-01

447

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Toward Sexually-Transmitted Infections in Turkish Sex Trade Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence and subsequent rise of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is an important public health problem in Turkey, as it is in other parts of the world. Since the mid-1980s, the incidence of STIs among the Turkish population has increased dramatically, particularly in the major urban areas. One hundred and fifty registered sex trade workers were interviewed to examine their

SUKRAN SIMSEK; NALAN OZHAN ELBAS; ADNAN KISA; SOPHIA F. DZIEGIELEWSKI; DILAVER TENGILIMOGLU

2004-01-01

448

Unplanned Terminology Development: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study on Economic Terms in Turkish Newspapers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study deals with unplanned terminology development in the subject field of economics within media discourse. It examines how economic terms in Turkish newspapers emerge, are used, and cease. This developmental process is also analyzed through productivity of economic terms and the factors affect them. The subject terms are also analyzed as a…

Karabacak, Erkan

2009-01-01

449

Determination of the Turkish Primary Students' Views about the Particulate Nature of Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study…

Ozmen, Haluk; Kenan, Osman

2007-01-01

450

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Turkish Parents in Relation to Their Recognition of Emotional Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To develop an instrument which could assess the extent to which emotionally maltreating parental behavior was recognized by Turkish parents (Study 1) and to evaluate a group of parental and family characteristics that were related with their recognition of emotional maltreatment (Study 2). Methods: Self-administered instruments were…

Uslu, Runa Idil; Kapci, Emine Gul; Yildirim, Revan; Oney, Esra

2010-01-01

451

The Reliability and Validity of the Preschool Behaviour Checklist to Turkish Nursery Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the validity and reliability of the Pre-school Behaviour Checklist (PBCL) for Turkish nursery school children. Data were obtained from 902 children, 24 to 82 months old, attending state or private nursery schools. Findings suggested that the PBCL has psychometric properties comparable to the British sample and could be used…

Kapci, Emine G.

1999-01-01

452

A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

2006-01-01

453

How Applicable Are "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" for Use with Turkish Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The majority of eligible children cannot access early intervention services in Turkey, often because they are not assessed. The authors adapted the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires" (ASQ) for Turkish children ages 3 to 72 months. Study participants consisted of 375 children who were classified as at risk for developmental delays, 564 children…

Kapci, Emine Gul; Kucuker, Sevgi; Uslu, Runa I.

2010-01-01

454

The Validity, Reliability and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS) developed by Silvera, Martinussen, and Dahl (2001). 719 students from Sakarya University participated in the study. Construct validity and criterion related validity and reliability were assessed.…

Dogan, Tayfun; Cetin, Bayram

2009-01-01

455

The Poetry of Turkish Village Institute-Educated Poets: Social Commentary on a Developing Nation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to reach a close understanding of villagers' experience of change in the changing context of the Turkish Republic. The poetry books of two renowned literary figures Mehmet Basaran and Talip Apaydin were studied to investigate villagers' reactions and responses to various national changes. The literary work of these…

Zabitgil, Ozlem

2010-01-01

456

Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

2010-01-01

457

Classroom Participation by International Students: The Case of Turkish Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores four Turkish students' perceptions of participation in graduate courses at a U.S. university. Data were collected during one academic semester through in-depth interviews, a focus group interview, classroom observations, and collection of relevant documents. The findings suggest that the participants' classroom participation…

Tatar, Sibel

2005-01-01

458

A Description of Turkish-English Phonology for Teaching English in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of English as an international language has resulted inevitably in a blending of English and the first languages of the users. One particular consequence of this contact has been the creation of a system involving the phonemic features of the two languages, one such variety being Turkish-English phonology. The objective of this article is…

Celik, Mehmet

2008-01-01

459

The Characteristics of Separation-Individuation in Turkish High School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish high school students and to investigate the contribution of sociodemographic variables on this second individuation process of adolescence. The sample consisted of 618 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 in three urban and two rural high…

Tamar, Muge; Bildik, Tezan; Kosem, Figen Sen; Kesikci, Hande; Tatar, Arkun; Yaman, Bora; Erermis, Serpil; Ozbaran, Burcu

2006-01-01

460

Reflections of Single Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a Midwestern University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research was guided by the research question: How do full-time single Turkish international graduate students conceptualize their experiences as international students? Participants in the study included three doctoral students and three master's students who participated in a series of semi-structured interviews. The data was transcribed and…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2010-01-01

461

HFE H63D mutation frequency shows an increase in Turkish women with breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The hereditary hemochromatosis gene HFE plays a pivotal role in iron homeostasis. The association between cancer and HFE hetero- or homozygosity has previously been shown including hepatocellular and nonhepatocellular malignancies. This study was performed to compare frequencies of HFE C282Y and H63D variants in Turkish women with breast cancer and healthy controls. METHODS: Archived DNA samples of Hacettepe University

Aysen Gunel-Ozcan; Sibel Aly?lmaz-Bekmez; Emine Nilufer Guler; Dicle Guc

2006-01-01

462

Fear of the Unknown: A Pre-Departure Qualitative Study of Turkish International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from 11 in-depth interviews with Turkish undergraduate students, who were, by the time of data collection, about to spend a semester at a European university under the Erasmus exchange scheme. The students all agreed to be interviewed about their feelings about studying in a foreign culture, and were found to be…

Brown, Lorraine; Aktas, Gurhan

2011-01-01

463

Survey of the Turkish Market for Food Processing and Packaging Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The market research was undertaken to study the present and potential US share of the market in Turkey for food processing and packaging equipment; to examine growth trends in Turkish end-user industries over the next few years; to identify specific produ...

1979-01-01

464

Turkish Preservice Science Teachers' Informal Reasoning regarding Socioscientific Issues and the Factors Influencing Their Informal Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study is to explore Turkish preservice science teachers' informal reasoning regarding socioscientific issues and the factors influencing their informal reasoning. The researchers engaged 39 preservice science teachers in informal reasoning interview and moral decision-making interview protocols. Of the seven socioscientific…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Yilmaz-Tuzun, Ozgul; Sadler, Troy D.

2011-01-01

465

The role of environmental and occupational exposures in Turkish immigrants with fibre-related disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of environmental and occupational exposures in Turkish immigrants with fibre- related disease. P. Dumortier, A.Gocmen, K. Laurent, A. Manco, P. De Vuyst. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: Environmental exposure to tremolite and erionite causes endemic diseases of the lung and pleura in Turkey. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of these exposures and further occupational exposures on

P. Dumortier; A. Göcmen; K. Laurent; A. Manço; P. de Vuyst

2001-01-01

466

Development of Cross-Linguistic Variation in Speech and Gesture: Motion Events in English and Turkish  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way adults express manner and path components of a motion event varies across typologically different languages both in speech and cospeech gestures, showing that language specificity in event encoding influences gesture. The authors tracked when and how this multimodal cross-linguistic variation develops in children learning Turkish and English, 2 typologically distinct languages. They found that children learn to speak

Asl? Özyürek; Sotaro Kita; Shanley Allen; Amanda Brown; Reyhan Furman; Tomoko Ishizuka

2008-01-01

467

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

468

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students.

Unal Ayranci; Nazan Son; Osman Son

2005-01-01

469

Hugging, Drinking Tea, and Listening: Mental Health Needs of Turkish Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Twelve Turkish immigrants were interviewed in a hypothesis-generating, qualitative investigation of their immigration experiences and mental health needs. Findings suggest high levels of psychological distress associated with homesickness, lack of English proficiency, problematic immigration status, difficulty adjusting to a new culture, and…

Sohtorik, Yasemin; McWilliams, Nancy

2011-01-01

470

Clustering of Obesity and Dental Health with Lifestyle Factors among Turkish and Finnish Pre-Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryBackground: This study aims to assess any clustering between obesity, number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT), television (TV) viewing, and lifestyle factors among pre-adolescents living in 2 countries with different developmental status and oral health care systems – Turkey and Finland. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study of Finnish (n = 338) and Turkish (n = 611) preadolescents,

Basak Cinar; Heikki Murtomaa

2008-01-01

471

Views of Elementary and Middle School Turkish Students toward Environmental Issues. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward…

Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William; Andersen, Hans

2004-01-01

472

Turkish-German access to higher education: an historical and democratic theory analysis, 1960–2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at access to higher education in Germany. For a number of reasons, explained in this article, higher education is presently an elite system that privileges ethnic Germans while preventing Turkish-Germans from gaining sufficient access into academe. If Germany is to become a fully functioning multicultural democracy with equal rights for all it will have to revamp its

Roger Geertz Gonzalez

2012-01-01

473

Preschool Children's Turkish Language Skills Related to Various Variables (Sample of Denizli)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research is to study 5-6 years old preschool children's Turkish language skills related to various variables (socioeconomic status, profession of fathers, working of mothers, education levels of parents, numbers of siblings, age of children and gender of children) in Denizli. The sample of the research consisted of 223 (114…

Onder, Alev; Gulay, Hulya

2010-01-01

474

A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.…

Cokelez, Aytekin

2010-01-01

475

Gendered Communities of Practice and the Construction of Masculinities in Turkish Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyses the construction of masculinities in Turkish physical education through Carrie Paechter's conceptualisation of gendered communities of practice. According to Paechter, educational communities of practice operate as sites of gendered activity. Membership within these communities contributes to the construction of a gendered…

Atencio, Matthew; Koca, Canan

2011-01-01

476

Quality of the Tasks in the New Turkish Elementary Mathematics Textbooks: The Case of Proportional Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines new Turkish elementary school mathematics textbooks to provide perspectives on the quality of the tasks related to the proportion concept and the ways they are presented. Tasks were analysed for several dimensions with a particular focus on their level of cognitive demands (LCD). Tasks were distinguished in two groups in terms…

Bayazit, Ibrahim

2013-01-01

477

A Randomized Control Study of Responsive Teaching with Young Turkish Children and Their Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A randomized control study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of responsive teaching (RT) with a sample of 19 Turkish preschool-age children with disabilities and their mothers over a 6-months period. RT is an early intervention curriculum that attempts to promote children's development by encouraging parents to engage in highly…

Karaaslan, Ozcan; Diken, Ibrahim H.; Mahoney, Gerald

2013-01-01

478

How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

Sengoren, S. K.

2010-01-01

479

Unemployment and Transitions in the Turkish Labor Market: Evidence from Individual Level Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a systematic analysis of the determinants of transitions in the Turkish labor market by using the Household Labor Force Survey (HLFS) panel data of 2000 and 2001. We provide two types of evidence. First, we compute annual transition probabilities between the labor market states of employment, unemployment and out-of-the labor force under Markovian assumptions by gender and

H. Mehmet Tasci; Aysit Tansel

2005-01-01

480

A Multi-Attribute Comparison of Turkish Quality consultants by Fuzzy AHP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality consultants are used in ISO 9000 implementation projects especially by many small and medium-sized enterprises. Clients do not always appreciate differences between quality consultants. This paper aims to provide an analytical tool to select the best quality consultant providing the most customer satisfaction. The clients of three Turkish quality consultancy firms were interviewed and the most important criteria taken

Ufuk Cebeci; Da Ruan

2007-01-01

481

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

482

Perceived discrimination, social connectedness, and other predictors of adjustment difficulties among Turkish international students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of perceived discrimination, social connectedness, age, gender, years of study in the US, English language competency, and social contact patterns on adjustment difficulties among a sample of 229 Turkish international students studying in the United States. Findings indicated that students who reported higher levels of social connectedness, lower levels of perceived discrimination, more years of

Erdinc Duru; Senel Poyrazli

2011-01-01

483

Appraising the integration of sustainable development into sectoral policies: The case of Turkish Science & Technology policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a study investigating how sustainable development can be integrated in Turkish science and technology policies. It contributes to the elaboration of the national sustainable development strategy and to the implementation of the EU acquis. The project’s originality for Turkey lies in its methodology (a participatory approach), and in its topic since sustainable development integration

Erkan Erdil; Cédric Gossart

2009-01-01

484

Primary School Teachers' Views about the New Turkish Primary School Mathematics Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to determine the primary school teachers' views related to the new Turkish primary school mathematics curriculum which was put into practice in the 2005-2006 academic years. A questionnaire developed by the researchers, consists of open ended and closed items, was applied to 60 primary school teachers selected randomly…

Birgin, Osman; Tutak, Tayfun; Turkdogan, Ali

2009-01-01

485

Oral Mucosal Conditions and Risk Factors among Elderly in a Turkish School of Dentistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Prevalence studies are important to determine the oral health status and treatment needs of elderly people. Our aim was to obtain data for the prevalence of oral mucosal conditions (OMC) in a Turkish elderly sample and to compare our results with different geographic regions. Objective: The purpose of this clinical-based study was to determine the prevalence of OMC and

Nesrin Dundar; Betul Ilhan Kal

2007-01-01

486

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

487

Reliability and validity of Turkish versions of the child, parent and staff cancer fatigue scales.  

PubMed

This study was designed to adapt the Turkish versions of scales to evaluate fatigue in children with cancer from the perspectives of the children, parents and staff. The objective of this study was to validate "Child Fatigue Scale-24 hours" (CFS-24 hours), "Parent Fatigue Scale-24 hours" (PFS-24 hours) and "Staff Fatigue Scale-24 hours" (SFS-24 hours) for use in Turkish clinical research settings. Translation of the scales into Turkish and validity and reliability tests were performed. The validity of the translated scales was assessed with language validity and content validity. The reliability of the translated scales was assessed with internal consistency. The scales were evaluated by considering the following: calculation of the Cronbach alpha coefficient for parallel form reliability with 52 pediatric cancer patients, 86 parents and 43 nurses. The internal consistency was estimated as 0.88 for the Child Fatigue Scale-24 hours, 0.77 for the Parent Fatigue Scale-24 hours, and 0.72 for the Staff Fatigue Scale-24 hours (Cronbach's ?). The Turkish version of the Child Fatigue Scale-24 hours, the Parent Fatigue Scale-24 hours and the Staff Fatigue Scale-24 hours were judged reliable and valid instruments to assess fatigue in children and showed good psychometric properties. These scales should assist in understanding to what extent initiatives can minimize or eliminate fatigue. Our scales are recommended for further studies and use in pediatric oncology clinics as routine measurements and nursing initiatives should be planned accordingly. PMID:22994723

Gerçeker, Gülçin Özalp; Yilmaz, Hatice Bal

2012-01-01

488

Detection and Tracking of Face and Facial Features for Recognition of Turkish Sign Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate localization of facial features is the basic step for interpreting the facial gestures, which we use in our daily conversation to express our feelings and opinions. This research, planned to use in Turkish sign language recognition systems, introduces a new method, called MISSE, whose aim is to find the facial features and to track them. The success rate

M. Amaç Güvensan; Hakan Haberdar

2007-01-01

489

Language Use and Ethnolinguistic Vitality of Turkish Compared with the Dutch in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this paper is on the relationships between Turkish speakers' ethnolinguistic vitality (EV) perceptions and their language maintenance (LM), language use, and choice patterns. The theoretical framework of the study is based on Giles, Bourhis, and Taylor's (1977) EV theory. In line with the model, a subjective EV vitality…

Yagmur, Kutlay

2009-01-01

490

Descriptive study of learner's level of autonomy: voices from the Turkish language classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of learner autonomy that is thought to bring some benefits in the context of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and the effects of European Language Portfolio applications, developed as a language teaching Project by the Council of Europe, on language learning and teaching are the basis of this study. The importance of Learner Autonomy has been introduced

Z. Canan Karababa; Duygu Nihal Eker; Recep Serkan Arik

2010-01-01

491

Turkish LVCSR: Database Preparation and Language Modeling for an Agglutinative Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkish language is an agglutinative language. It is pos- sible to produce a very high number of words from the same root with suffix es (1). Language modeling for ag- glutinative languages needs to be different than model- ing of languages like English. Such languages also have inflections but not as many as an agglutinative language. Techniques which can be

Erhan Mengusoglu; Olivier Deroo

2001-01-01

492

Development of Cross-Linguistic Variation in Speech and Gesture: Motion Events in English and Turkish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The way adults express manner and path components of a motion event varies across typologically different languages both in speech and cospeech gestures, showing that language specificity in event encoding influences gesture. The authors tracked when and how this multimodal cross-linguistic variation develops in children learning Turkish and…

Ozyurek, Asli; Kita, Sotaro; Allen, Shanley; Brown, Amanda; Furman, Reyhan; Ishizuka, Tomoko

2008-01-01

493

Case Morphology and Word Order in Second Language Turkish: Evidence from Greek Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The optional use of morphology attested in second language learners has been attributed either to a representational deficit or to a "surface" problem with respect to the realization of inflectional affixes. In this article we contribute to this issue by providing empirical data from the early interlanguage of Greek learners of Turkish. Three…

Papadopoulou, Despina; Varlokosta, Spyridoula; Spyropoulos, Vassilios; Kaili, Hasan; Prokou, Sophia; Revithiadou, Anthi

2011-01-01

494

Metaphors on “Literature” by teachers-to-be graduates of Turkish language and literature departments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at analyzing metaphors on the concept of “literature” by graduates of Turkish Language and Literature Departments. Metaphor, the use of a word instead of another, as a language act is one of the basic concepts of literature. In this study, on the use of metaphors by teachers-to-be, qualitative research method has been applied. Sampling is made up

Nermin Yaz?c?

2010-01-01

495

Evaluation of Turkish prospective teachers’ attitudes towards teaching profession (Near East University case)  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the important factors that affect a teacher's success and efficiency is his\\/her attitude towards the profession. For the realization of an efficient \\/ active mother tongue teaching, mother tongue teachers need to have a positive attitude towards he profession. The fundamental objective of this study is to determine the mother tongue (Turkish) prospective teachers’ attitudes towards the teaching

Ahmet Güneyli; Canan Aslan

2009-01-01

496

Possible Chaotic Structures in the Turkish Language with Time Series Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility of chaotic structures in Turkish and English texts, as well as the possibility of using the pseudo-invariants in a reconstructed phase space as identifying characteristics for languages is investigated. Texts of length up to 83000 in both languages have been analyzed. Two alternatives for the dependent variable in a time series analysis have been used. Word frequencies based

Gökhan Sahin; Murat Erentürk; Avadis Hacinliyan

2010-01-01

497

Lexical Richness in Maternal Input and Vocabulary Development of Turkish Preschoolers in the Netherlands.  

PubMed

The present study examined lexical richness in maternal input to Turkish preschool children in the Netherlands and the relationship with their vocabulary. Fifteen Turkish mother-child dyads were videotaped at the age of 3 and 4 in three settings: book reading, picture description and block building. Children's vocabulary in Turkish was measured at the age of 3 and 4 and in Dutch at the age of 5;10. The lexical richness of the input was analysed both quantitatively (tokens) and qualitatively on diversity, density, and sophistication. The results indicate that lexical richness varied largely among mothers, which could partially be attributed to their SES levels and literacy practices. Furthermore, lexical richness differed between the settings, with the highest richness in the book setting. More importantly, lexical richness in maternal input related to the vocabulary of children in L1 (Turkish) and in the longer run also to L2 (Dutch). Quality of the input (diversity, density and sophistication) turned out to be more influential than quantity. PMID:23504557

Demir-Vegter, Serpil; Aarts, Rian; Kurvers, Jeanne

2013-03-16

498

Reading Comprehension, Figurative Language Instruction, and the Turkish English Language Learner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Turkish-speaking population in the United States increased significantly in the 1990s and has risen steadily over time. Today, the highest concentration is located in the states of New York, California, New Jersey, and Florida. Kaya (2003) reported a geographical dispersion across the U.S., from New York to…

Palmer, Barbara C.; Bilgili, Ebru M.; Gungor, Arzu; Taylor, Susan H.; Leclere, Judith T.

2008-01-01

499

Preparation and characterization of mesoporous carbons using a Turkish natural zeolitic template\\/furfuryl alcohol system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The template carbonization method was utilized for the production of mesoporous carbons using a Turkish natural zeolite as a template. The major carbon precursor used was furfuryl alcohol. Furfuryl alcohol was polymerized and carbonized between 700°C and 1000°C in the channels of the natural zeolite. The structure of the zeolite template and carbons were investigated by surface analysis techniques, scanning

Billur Sakintuna; Yuda Yürüm

2006-01-01

500

Development of Turkish Education Policy and the Modernization Primary Education Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Turkish Republic was born out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire (1270-1920), which extended into three continents and ruled people of various ethnic denominations having different languages, religions, and culture. Elementary education for the masses was left to the people themselves, with little input from the imperial administration. This…

Sevinc, Muzeyyen

2006-01-01