Science.gov

Sample records for una familia chilena

  1. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carani, George; Carani, Josť; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "AlphabetizaÁ„o" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of Josť Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambť (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," basedÖ

  2. "Escola Familia": A Proposal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carani, George; Carani, José; Strong-Wilson, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    "Alphabetização" (literacy) of young children involves a school exclusively devoted to the early years, parental participation, and teachers specialized in early literacy. This is the basis of José Carani's proposal for an "escola familia" in the municipality of Cambé (Brazil). This "Note from the Field," based…

  3. órbitas: caos en familia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carpintero, D. D.

    Durante los √ļltimos a√Īos, ha ido adquiriendo importancia la descripci√≥n din√°mica de un sistema estelar a trav√©s de su estructura orbital, complementando el tradicional uso de la funci√≥n de distribuci√≥n en el espacio fase. El desarrollo de esta nueva concepci√≥n condujo, con el tiempo, a la conclusi√≥n de que las √≥rbitas ca√≥ticas juegan un importante papel din√°mico en modelos realistas de galaxias. Sin embargo, la determinaci√≥n de la caoticidad de una √≥rbita, o de la familia regular a la cual pertenece, sigui√≥ siendo una tarea artesanal. Nuevos m√©todos de clasificaci√≥n fueron surgiendo con el tiempo; hoy en d√≠a, se cuenta con m√©todos que permiten determinar autom√°ticamente el contenido orbital de cualquier potencial arbitrario que se desee para modelar una galaxia, o incluso determinar la familia de una √≥rbita sin siquiera conocer el potencial en el que est√° sumergida.

  4. La edad de las familias Eos, Themis y Koronis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gil-Hutton, R.

    Las familias de asteroides son el producto de la disrupci√≥n colisional de objetos destru√≠dos por impactos ocurridos en el cintur√≥n principal. Las colisiones posteriores han modificado los tama√Īos y las √≥rbitas de los miembros de estas familias, por lo que las distribuciones que vemos hoy en d√≠a pueden ser muy diferentes de aquellas producidas inmediatamente despu√©s de la fragmentaci√≥n del objeto original. En esta hip√≥tesis, puede ser dif√≠cil reconstruir la evoluci√≥n colisional de la familia bas√°ndose s√≥lo en las actuales distribuciones y puede ser necesario hacer ciertas suposiciones para obtener informaci√≥n sobre las condiciones iniciales. En este trabajo se deriva una estimaci√≥n de la edad de las familias Eos, Themis y Koronis obtenida de una simulaci√≥n de la evoluci√≥n colisional de un cuerpo original te√≥rico para cada familia usando un modelo de distribuci√≥n para el cintur√≥n propuesto por Gil-Hutton (1996).

  5. Conocimientos y autoeficacia asociados a la prevención del VIH y SIDA en mujeres chilenas

    PubMed Central

    Villegas Rodríguez, Natalia; Ferrer Lagunas, Lilian Marcela; Cianelli Acosta, Rosina; Miner, Sarah; Lara Campos, Loreto; Peragallo, Nilda

    2014-01-01

    Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la relaci√≥n existente entre conocimientos y autoeficacia asociados al VIH/SIDA en mujeres chilenas en desventaja social. Metodolog√≠a Estudio correlacional, que utiliza la medici√≥n basal del estudio ‚ÄúTesteando una intervenci√≥n en VIH y SIDA en mujeres chilenas‚ÄĚ, realizada entre 2006 y 2008, que tiene una muestra de 496 mujeres entre 18 y 49 a√Īos residentes en dos comunas de Santiago de Chile. Las participantes respondieron un cuestionario estructurado aplicado por entrevistadoras entrenadas. Este cuestionario incluy√≥ preguntas sobre datos sociodemogr√°ficos, escala de conocimientos de conductas de riesgo y autoeficacia, entre otros. Resultados Edad promedio de 32.3¬Ī9.1 a√Īos, 72.2% vive con su pareja y 42.7% poseen educaci√≥n media completa. La puntuaci√≥n media de los conocimientos de la infecci√≥n por el VIH fue de 8.9¬Ī2.5, mientras que para las tres escalas empleadas para medir autoeficacia fueron: ‚ÄúNormas de los pares‚ÄĚ =9.8¬Ī3.6, ‚ÄúIntenci√≥n de reducir conductas de riesgo‚ÄĚ =12.2¬Ī3.6 y ‚ÄúSelf Efficacy Form‚ÄĚ=20.2¬Ī4.7. Los conocimientos tuvieron una correlaci√≥n positiva d√©bil con la ‚Äúintenci√≥n de reducir conductas de riesgo‚ÄĚ (r=0.19; p<0.0001) y con la escala ‚ÄúSelf Efficacy Form‚ÄĚ (r=0.34; p<0.0001), pero no se relacionaron con las ‚Äúnormas de los pares en cuanto a relaciones sexuales seguras‚ÄĚ (r=0.13; p=0.78). Conclusi√≥n Existe una d√©bil correlaci√≥n positiva entre el nivel de conocimientos sobre el VIH/SIDA y la autoeficacia en mujeres chilenas en desventaja social. PMID:25284914

  6. Familias 3 - Extensions and new functionality.

    PubMed

    Kling, Daniel; Tillmar, Andreas O; Egeland, Thore

    2014-11-01

    In relationship testing the aim is to determine the most probable pedigree structure given genetic marker data for a set of persons. Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) based on DNA data from presumed relatives of the missing persons can be considered to be a collection of relationship problems. Forensic calculations in investigative mode address questions like "How many markers and reference persons are needed?" Such questions can be answered by simulations. Mutations, deviations from Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (or more generally, accounting for population substructure) and silent alleles cannot be ignored when evaluating forensic evidence in case work. With the advent of new markers, so called microvariants have become more common. Previous mutation models are no longer appropriate and a new model is proposed. This paper describes methods designed to deal with DVI problems and a new simulation model to study distribution of likelihoods. There are softwares available, addressing similar problems. However, for some problems including DVI, we are not aware of freely available validated software. The Familias software has long been widely used by forensic laboratories worldwide to compute likelihoods in relationship scenarios, though previous versions have lacked desired functionality, such as the above mentioned. The extensions as well as some other novel features have been implemented in the new version, freely available at www.familias.no. The implementation and validation are briefly mentioned leaving complete details to Supplementary sections. PMID:25113576

  7. Project Familia. Final Evaluation Report, 1993-94. OER Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Educational Research.

    Project Familia was an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII project in its second year in 1993-94 in New York City. Project Familia served 77 children at 3 schools who were identified as limited English proficient, special education students in prekindergarten through fifth grade and their parents. The project provided after-school…

  8. Project Familia. Final Evaluation Report, 1992-93. OREA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Candice

    Project Familia was an Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII funded project that, in the year covered by this evaluation, served 41 special education students of limited English proficiency (LEP) from 5 schools, with the participation of 54 parents and 33 siblings. Participating students received English language enrichment and…

  9. Convivencia to Empowerment: Latino Parent Organizing at La Familia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jasis, Pablo; Ordonez-Jasis, Rosario

    2005-01-01

    This article explores the emergence of La Familia Initiative, a Latino parent-organizing project at a public middle school. Motivated by their urgency to improve their children's schooling and enhance their opportunities for a better high school experience in the future, the participants organize to establish a more inclusive partnership with the…

  10. The Sagrada Familia Cathedral where Gaudi envisaged his bell music

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshikawa, Shigeru; Narita, Takafumi

    2001-05-01

    The Sagrada Familia Cathedral in Barcelona, Spain was constructed in 1882. According to Antoni Gaudi, who worked over its grand plan, the Cathedral was supposed to be a huge musical instrument as a whole in the event of completion. As as result, the music of bells was expected to echo through the air of Barcelona from the belfries. However, Gaudi's true intention cannot be exactly known because the materials prepared by him were destroyed by war fire. If his idea of the Sagrada Familia as an architechtural music instrument is true, an acoustical balance should be considered between the roles of the Cathedral: bell music from the belfries and quiet service in the chapel. Basic structure of the Sagrada Familia seems to be an ensemble of twin towers. Following such speculation, we made a simplified acrylic 1/25-scale model of the lower structure of a twin tower located at the left side of the Birth Gate. The higher structure of this twin tower corresponds to the pinnacle where the bells should be arranged. The lower structure (about 43 m in actual height) has five passages connecting two towers. One of two towers includes five or six tandem columns whose ends are both squeezed to about 1.5 m in diameter. These columns seem to function as a kind of muffler. The location and shape of the roof over the nave is indefinite and tentatively supposed at the top of the lower structure. Based on our scale model, acoustical characteristics of the lower twin-tower structure as a muffler and acoustical differences between the exterior field and nave field will be reported and discussed.

  11. The sagrada familia: A daily whisper of the spirit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Campos, Arturo

    2002-11-01

    Sounds from the top of the Temple; songs of loyals going beyond the city, sounds of the rustic forms of the spaces for the soul; reality and miracle in just one voice, voice of religion for participation; mystery, mysticism, meditation, happiness, music and songs, bells and church towers, choirs and pulpits, religion and city. The religious architecture of Gaudi is involved by mystic sounds, real or imaginary sounds, whispers almost imperceptibles and sonorous surprises in the journeys destined to peace and spiritual calm. The Sagrada Familia in Barcelona is a Temple where the sonorous itineraries will exist and where the acoustic design of choirs, bells and bell towers was an essential idea of Antoni Gaudi. A living building with its voice singing with the people a song which will take in the whole city; ringing bells and bell towers crossing the sky and sending music, view and hearing of all the people to the new cathedral, a symbol to guide pilgrimages, ceremonies, songs and festivals. The Sagrada Familia and Barcelona, a union that Gaudi wanted to turn in total and where the acoustic design will be transformed in a daily murmur, highly spiritual. (To be presented in Spanish.)

  12. Hacer frente - Para la familia y los amigos

    Cancer.gov

    Si usted ayuda a su familiar o amigo durante el tratamiento del c√°ncer, usted es quien le cuida. Estar al cuidado de una persona con c√°ncer puede incluir muchas tensiones. Sugerencias para que se cuide usted cuando cuida a otros.

  13. A Guide for Parents about Retention and Promotion = Una Guia para los Padres de Familia sobre Retencion y Promocion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Oneonta. Coll. at Oneonta. Eastern Stream Center on Resources and Training.

    This bilingual (English and Spanish) brochure explains why retention is common among migrant students and what parents can do to help their children succeed in school. By second grade, nearly 50 percent of migrant students in the nation are older than their classmates and only about 50 percent of migrant students graduate from high school.…

  14. "La Familia" as "Locus Theologicus" and Religious Education in "Lo Cotidiano" [Daily Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Valerie

    2010-01-01

    Latinas/os are deeply religious, and their way of expressing and experiencing God and life is often different from that of the U.S. dominant culture. With the importance of family, community, and the belief that God is actively present in daily life in a Latino context, this article explores the interplay between "la familia" as "locusÖ

  15. "La Familia" as "Locus Theologicus" and Religious Education in "Lo Cotidiano" [Daily Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Valerie

    2010-01-01

    Latinas/os are deeply religious, and their way of expressing and experiencing God and life is often different from that of the U.S. dominant culture. With the importance of family, community, and the belief that God is actively present in daily life in a Latino context, this article explores the interplay between "la familia" as "locus…

  16. Extended Kinship in the United States: Competing Models and the Case of La Familia Chicana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sena-Rivera, Jaime

    1979-01-01

    Extended kinship among Chicanos is explored through intensive open-ended interviews with four cases of three generations of Mexican-descent families. "La familia chicana" is posited as a modified extended or kin-integrated family extending over time and space from Mexico at the turn of the century to present day industrial America. (Author)

  17. The Role of la Familia for Women of Mexican Descent Who Are Leaders in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elizondo, Sandra Gray

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to describe the role of "la familia" for women of Mexican descent as it relates to their development as leaders and their leadership in academia. Purposeful sampling was utilized to reach the goal of 18 participants who were female academic leaders of Mexican descent teaching full time in…

  18. Familia and Comunidad-Based Saberes: Learning in an Indigenous Heritage Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urrieta, Luis, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how children and youth learned indigenous heritage "saberes" (knowings) through intent community participation in Nocutzepo, Mexico. The "familia" (family) and "comunidad" (community)-based saberes were valuable for skills acquisition, but most important for learning indigenous forms of…

  19. An Evaluation of Mi Familia No Fuma: Family Cohesion and Impact on Secondhand Smoking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, Jon; Kelly, Michael; Garcia, Pema; Taylor, Thom

    2010-01-01

    Background: Family cohesion may be a factor to prevent exposure of Hispanics in United States to secondhand smoke. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate one permutation of Mi Familia No Fuma (MFNF) and its resulting outputs or proximal client outcomes. Methods: MFNF is an approach to secondhand smoke prevention, using family cohesion…

  20. Factores predictores de inicio y cesaci√≥n de tabaquismo en una cohorte de mujeres chilenas con 5,5 a√Īos de seguimiento

    PubMed Central

    Puschel, Klaus; Thompson, Beti; Olcay, Fabiola; Frreccio, Catterina

    2014-01-01

    Background Chilean women have one of the highest smoking prevalence in the world. Aim To estimate the main factors associated with smoking initiation and quitting among a cohort of adult women living in a low socioeconomic status area of Santiago, Chile. Material and methods A random population-based sample of 1,100 women, 18 years and older, were selected from a community located in the South East area of Santiago. Sociodemographic, as well as smoking, beliefs, behaviors, stages of change and nicotine addiction level were recorded during a personal interview. After an average follow-up period of 5.5 years, women were re-evaluated. Results Seventy-three percent of women completed the study. At baseline, 39% of women were smokers. At the end of the study, there was an absolute smoking rate reduction of 7.1% (p<0.001). The main variables associated with smoking initiation were younger age (Odds ratio (OR): 1.08, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.05‚Äď1.12), higher education level (OR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.07‚Äď1.35), and having fewer children (OR: 1.3 95% CI: 1.01‚Äď1.66). Factors related with quitting were younger age of onset (OR: 1.06 95% CI: 1.02‚Äď1.1), higher level of nicotine dependence (OR: 4.22, 95% CI: 1.74‚Äď10.27), and higher perception of smoking addiction (OR: 4.34, 95% CI: 2‚Äď9.09). Stage of change was associated with smoking cessation but its effect was diluted after adjusting for the level of nicotine addiction. Conclusions Sociodemographic and family factors were the main variables related with initiation, whereas age of onset, belief of addiction, and nicotine dependence were the main factors related with cessation. Women with a high motivation for quitting should be evaluated for nicotine addiction level to define the best strategy for intervention (Rev M√©d Chile 2009; 137: 1001‚Äď9). PMID:19915762

  1. Familias Sanas: an Intervention Designed to Increase rates of Postpartum Visits among Latinas

    PubMed Central

    Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Bermudez-Parsai, Monica; Coonrod, Dean

    2010-01-01

    Familias Sanas (Healthy Families) is an educational intervention implemented and tested with low-income, immigrant Latina mothers. The program was designed to reduce existing health disadvantages of Latinas by empowering them to take active part in the management of their health and by encouraging them to advocate for themselves. Familias Sanas was implemented at a prenatal clinic located at a major urban hospital in the southwestern U.S. The efficacy of the intervention was evaluated through a randomized control trial measuring the participants’ rate of postpartum visits and other relevant well-being measures. Initial findings show a significant effect of the intervention, with participants in the experimental group returning for their postpartum clinic visit at a higher rate in comparison with the control group. The results are discussed from a culturally specific perspective. Practice, policy, and research implications and recommendations are provided. PMID:20675950

  2. Familias Unidas' Crossover Effects on Suicidal Behaviors among Hispanic Adolescents: Results from an Effectiveness Trial.

    PubMed

    Vidot, Denise C; Huang, Shi; Poma, Sofia; Estrada, Yannine; Lee, Tae Kyoung; Prado, Guillermo

    2016-04-01

    The long-term impact of Familias Unidas on suicidal behaviors among Hispanic 8th graders (N = 746) was examined along with parent-adolescent communication as a moderator of intervention effectiveness. At baseline, 9.2% (95% CI = 7.3%-11.6%) of adolescents reported suicide ideation and 5.7% (95% CI = 4.1%-7.7%) reported a past year suicide attempt. There were no significant intervention effects on suicidal behaviors; however, parent-adolescent communication was a moderator of suicide attempts in the past year, across the intervention (b = -.01, p = .01). Results suggest that Familias Unidas reduces suicidal behaviors among Hispanic adolescents with low levels of parent-adolescent communication despite no suicide-specific intervention content. Implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:27094111

  3. [Asociacion Dominicana Pro Bienestar de la Familia begins its second programs of promoters].

    PubMed

    1976-01-01

    The Dominican Asociacion Pro Bienestar de la Familia started in the country's 7 provinces and in the National District its new project of community distribution of contraceptives. 8 selected people are in charge of informing, motivating and promoting contraception to new couples, and to supervise the workers who will distribute contraceptives in the various communities. It is hoped that there will be 12000 new acceptors by the end of the first year of the project. PMID:12261381

  4. [Dangerous wet nurses: breastfeeding, science, and slavery in A M√£i de Familia].

    PubMed

    Carula, Karoline

    2012-12-01

    The article examines how the defense of breastfeeding was intertwined with slavery-related issues in 'A M√£i de Familia', a newspaper that circulated in the city of Rio de Janeiro (1879-1888). A special focus of analysis are the articles signed by physician Carlos Costa, main editor and founder of the periodical. After introducing the newspaper, the text goes on to highlight the fight in favor of breastfeeding, which was a highly notable topic aimed at educating women to fulfill their maternal roles in accordance with hygienic parameters. It then discusses how the fact that most wet nurses were slaves influenced arguments against mercenary breastfeeding. Lastly, it analyzes a story published in the newspaper, which narrates the misfortunes of a captive wet nurse. PMID:23370106

  5. [The impact of conditional cash transfers on health status: the Brazilian Bolsa Familia Programme].

    PubMed

    Rivera Casti√Īeira, Berta; Currais Nunes, Luis; Rungo, Paolo

    2009-01-01

    Conditional cash transfers are becoming the standard approach to reducing poverty levels; the Brazilian Bolsa Familia Program, in particular, is the largest program of this kind, and the evaluation of its impact allows for drawing some interesting conclusions, which may apply to other countries. In this paper, the lack of positive results in terms of both health status and modification of unhealthy habits is underlined. Among different causes, which are discussed here, the existence of barriers on the supply side appears as the most important limitation for obtaining better results. The positive impact of this program on both education and poverty reduction however, allows for predicting improvements in health status in the long run. PMID:19495491

  6. El contexto de la familia y el vecindario en la salud de los ancianos del estudio EPESE hispano

    PubMed Central

    Reyes-Ortiz, Carlos A.; Camacho, María E.; Eschbach, Karl; Markides, Kyriakos S.

    2014-01-01

    RESUMEN En este artículo se discute el papel de la familia y el vecindario en la salud de los ancianos méjico-americanos del estudio EPESE (Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly) hispano. La paradoja epidemiológica consiste en que, a pesar de estar en desventaja socioeconómica, los ancianos hispanos tienen mortalidad relativamente menor que los ancianos de raza blanca. Esto es especialmente cierto cuando el anciano vive en los vecindarios donde hay un porcentaje alto de méjico-americanos. La familia también juega un papel importante en estos ancianos al disminuir el riesgo de institucionalización o de morbilidad. Asimismo, el estrés originado en problemas económicos o al depender económicamente de la familia, habiendo inmigrado en edades tardías, puede sobrepasar la capacidad de amortiguamiento del estrés y afectar la salud del anciano méjico-americano. PMID:25190897

  7. Familia Adelante: A Multi-Risk Prevention Intervention for Latino Families

    PubMed Central

    Cervantes, Richard; Goldbach, Jeremy; Santos, Susana M.

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive approach for providing behavioral health services to youth is becoming increasingly emphasized (IOM, 2009). Latino youth are at increased risk for substance abuse, mental health concerns, unsafe sexual practices and HIV (Prado et al., 2006), and these outcomes have been empirically connected to individual, family and community-based stress (IOM, 2009). Despite this knowledge, there is a lack of evidence-based approaches that target these negative outcomes by reducing stress in Latino families in a culturally relevant manner (Cervantes, Kappos, Duenas & Arellano, 2003). The current study examined the use of research-based strategies for reducing multiple risk behaviors in a predominantly Mexican American sample of families. Through a modular approach, participants engaged in a psycho-educational curriculum to enhance communication and psychosocial coping, increase substance abuse and HIV knowledge and perception of harm, and improve school behavior. Over 12 sessions, the curriculum aimed to achieve these outcomes through an overall decrease in family and community-based stress by focusing on acculturative stress. Findings indicate that communication and perception of substance use harm were significantly enhanced, while social norms regarding sexual behavior, HIV anxiety and past use of marijuana and other illegal drugs were significantly reduced. While many of measures were reliable (őĪ > .80), further changes are necessary to improve the accuracy of future studies. Despite these limitations, Familia Adelante improves many areas of participant‚Äôs family life, and points toward the feasibility of multi-risk reduction behavioral health prevention approaches. PMID:21822979

  8. Blending Qualitative and Computational Linguistics Methods for Fidelity Assessment: Experience with the Familias Unidas Preventive Intervention.

    PubMed

    Gallo, Carlos; Pantin, Hilda; Villamar, Juan; Prado, Guillermo; Tapia, Maria; Ogihara, Mitsunori; Cruden, Gracelyn; Brown, C Hendricks

    2015-09-01

    Careful fidelity monitoring and feedback are critical to implementing effective interventions. A wide range of procedures exist to assess fidelity; most are derived from observational assessments (Schoenwald and Garland, Psycholog Assess 25:146-156, 2013). However, these fidelity measures are resource intensive for research teams in efficacy/effectiveness trials, and are often unattainable or unmanageable for the host organization to rate when the program is implemented on a large scale. We present a first step towards automated processing of linguistic patterns in fidelity monitoring of a behavioral intervention using an innovative mixed methods approach to fidelity assessment that uses rule-based, computational linguistics to overcome major resource burdens. Data come from an effectiveness trial of the Familias Unidas intervention, an evidence-based, family-centered preventive intervention found to be efficacious in reducing conduct problems, substance use and HIV sexual risk behaviors among Hispanic youth. This computational approach focuses on "joining," which measures the quality of the working alliance of the facilitator with the family. Quantitative assessments of reliability are provided. Kappa scores between a human rater and a machine rater for the new method for measuring joining reached 0.83. Early findings suggest that this approach can reduce the high cost of fidelity measurement and the time delay between fidelity assessment and feedback to facilitators; it also has the potential for improving the quality of intervention fidelity ratings. PMID:24500022

  9. Preventing Internalizing Symptoms Among Hispanic Adolescents: A Synthesis Across Familias Unidas Trials

    PubMed Central

    Perrino, Tatiana; Pantin, Hilda; Prado, Guillermo; Huang, Shi; Brincks, Ahnalee; Howe, George; Beardslee, William; Sandler, Irwin; Brown, C. Hendricks

    2014-01-01

    Studies document that there are efficacious interventions to prevent adolescent depression and internalizing symptoms, including several family-focused interventions. Questions remain about for whom interventions work (moderation) and by what mechanisms they work (mediation) to prevent internalizing symptoms. Unfortunately, single trials are often underpowered to address moderation and mediation, an issue addressed in this paper. This synthesis study combined individual-level, longitudinal data from 721 adolescents across 3 randomized clinical trials of Familias Unidas, a family-focused prevention intervention for Hispanic youth. Using integrative data analysis (IDA) methods applied to trials, the study examined intervention moderation and mediation effects on internalizing symptoms. Baseline internalizing symptoms were a significant moderator of the intervention's effects on internalizing symptoms, while baseline externalizing symptoms did not moderate intervention effects. Baseline parent‚Äďadolescent communication, a modifiable risk factor and hypothesized mechanism by which the intervention works, significantly moderated the intervention's effects. Specifically, the intervention was more efficacious in its impact on internalizing symptoms for youth with lower initial levels of parent‚Äďadolescent communication compared to those with higher communication levels. Moderated mediation analyses showed that parent‚Äďadolescent communication changes mediated the intervention's effects on internalizing symptoms, with stronger effects for those with poorer baseline communication. Results suggest a potential benefit of identifying youth risks prior to interventions, and targeting specific modifiable mediators that lead to reductions of internalizing problems of adolescents. Findings also highlight advantages of utilizing data from combined trials and IDA for examining intervention moderators and mediators. PMID:24390684

  10. Blending Qualitative and Computational Linguistics Methods for Fidelity Assessment: Experience with the Familias Unidas Preventive Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Gallo, Carlos; Pantin, Hilda; Villamar, Juan; Prado, Guillermo; Tapia, Maria; Ogihara, Mitsunori; Cruden, Gracelyn; Brown, C Hendricks

    2014-01-01

    Careful fidelity monitoring and feedback are critical to implementing effective interventions. A wide range of procedures exist to assess fidelity; most are derived from observational assessments (Schoenwald et al, 2013). However, these fidelity measures are resource intensive for research teams in efficacy/effectiveness trials, and are often unattainable or unmanageable for the host organization to rate when the program is implemented on a large scale. We present a first step towards automated processing of linguistic patterns in fidelity monitoring of a behavioral intervention using an innovative mixed methods approach to fidelity assessment that uses rule-based, computational linguistics to overcome major resource burdens. Data come from an effectiveness trial of the Familias Unidas intervention, an evidence-based, family-centered preventive intervention found to be efficacious in reducing conduct problems, substance use and HIV sexual risk behaviors among Hispanic youth. This computational approach focuses on ‚Äújoining,‚ÄĚ which measures the quality of the working alliance of the facilitator with the family. Quantitative assessments of reliability are provided. Kappa scores between a human rater and a machine rater for the new method for measuring joining reached .83. Early findings suggest that this approach can reduce the high cost of fidelity measurement and the time delay between fidelity assessment and feedback to facilitators; it also has the potential for improving the quality of intervention fidelity ratings. PMID:24500022

  11. Building Your Baby's Brain: A Parent's Guide to the First Five Years = Como estimular el cerebro infantil: Una guia para padres de familia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Heroman, Cate

    Noting that all parents can help their baby's brain to grow, this guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, explores what science has learned about infant brain development and how parents and caregivers can influence cognitive development. Topics covered include: prenatal care, touching your baby, teaching about feelings and self-control,…

  12. Perspectivas sobre las escuelas charter: Una resena para padres de familia (Perspectives on Charter Schools: A Review for Parents). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donahoo, Saran

    Recently, charter schools have gained popularity with parents, students, and others as alternatives to public schools, but what are charter schools and what effects are they having? This Spanish-language Digest defines charter schools and clarifies some of the administrative and legal details surrounding such schools. The Digest also lays out some…

  13. Hacia Adelante: Pathways to College. A Guide for Latino Families [and] Hacia Adelante: Pathways to College. Una Guia Para Familias Latinas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Rosana; McCollum, Pam; Diaz-Sanchez, Micaela; Romero, Anna Alicia; Montemayor, Aurelio

    This guide provides a family approach to college planning, with the goal of helping Latino students gain college entrance. Part 1 provides basic information about college, including information about how early parents should begin talking with their children about college, how parents can help their children plan for college, ensuring that…

  14. Alianza para el Aprendizaje: Una guia de actividades educativas para familias (Alliance for Learning: A Guide of Educational Activities for Families).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carr, Phil

    This Spanish-language publication condenses the information in the Alliance for Learning series. The publication is intended principally for families with preschool or primary grade children, although the material can be used with older children. The sections of the publication address various themes and present activities that parents can do with…

  15. Una visita en Sud America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-09-01

    Oisfrute de una estadfa en el Hotel La Silla, el mejor hotel de Sud America con su tan unica atmosfera extraterrestre! Los espera su calificado personal de experimentados hoteleros, jefes de cocina, etc., ansiosos todos de satisfacer sus deseos hasta el mas mfnimo detalle. Naturalmente nuestro espacioso restaurant de tres estrellas ofrece un completo surtido de exquisitas comidas y deliciosos tragos (conocedores usualmente eligen "Oelicia Orion" 0 "Centauro Especial"). EI servicio cempleto durante 24 horas incluye nuestra ya mundialmente famosa "Cena de medianoche para los miradores de estrellas", por eso - no olvide: No pierda la oportunidad de una estadfa en EL HOTEL LA SILLA - una experiencia maravillosa!

  16. The Efficacy of Familias Unidas on Drug and Alcohol Outcomes for Hispanic Delinquent Youth: Main Effects and Interaction Effects by Parental Stress and Social Support

    PubMed Central

    Prado, Guillermo; Cordova, David; Huang, Shi; Estrada, Yannine; Rosen, Alexa; Bacio, Guadalupe A.; Jimenez, Giselle Leon; Pantin, Hilda; Brown, C. Hendricks; Velazquez, Maria-Rosa; Villamar, Juan; Freitas, Derek; Tapia, Maria I.; McCollister, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Drug and alcohol use disproportionately affect Hispanic youth. Despite these disparities, few empirically supported preventive interventions are available to ameliorate this public health concern among Hispanic youth. This study examined the effects of Familias Unidas, relative to Community Practice, in reducing past 90-day substance use, alcohol and marijuana dependence, and having sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Additionally, this study explored whether Familias Unidas‚Äô effects varied by environmental context, namely parental stress and social support for parents. METHODS A total of 242 delinquent Hispanic youth aged 12 ‚Äď 17 years and their primary caregivers were randomized to either Familias Unidas or Community Practice and assessed at three time points. RESULTS Familias Unidas was efficacious in reducing past 90-day substance use, illicit drug use, and in reducing the proportion of youth with an alcohol dependence diagnosis, relative to Community Practice. Results also showed a reduction in the proportion of youth who reported having sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. No differences between conditions were observed in past 90-day alcohol use or marijuana dependence. Intervention effects on illicit drug use and alcohol dependence varied by environmental context. For example, Familias Unidas was most efficacious for adolescents with parents exhibiting high stress and lower levels of social support. CONCLUSIONS Familias Unidas was efficacious in reducing some drug and alcohol related outcomes. The findings also support the concept of targeting family-based interventions, such as Familias Unidas, for adolescents with parents exhibiting high stress and low levels of social support. PMID:22776441

  17. GENOME-WIDE SCAN FOR SERUM GHRELIN DETECTS LINKAGE ON CHROMOSOME 1P36 IN HISPANIC CHILDREN: RESULTS FROM THE VIVA LA FAMILIA STUDY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study was conducted to investigate genetic influence on serum ghrelin and its relationship with adiposity-related phenotypes in Hispanic children (n = 1030) from the Viva La Familia study (VFS). Anthropometric measurements and levels of serum ghrelin were estimated and genetic analyses conducte...

  18. A Process Evaluation of an Efficacious Family-Based Intervention to Promote Healthy Eating: The "Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud" Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmied, Emily; Parada, Humberto; Horton, Lucy; Ibarra, Leticia; Ayala, Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    "Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud" was a successful family-based randomized controlled trial designed to improve dietary behaviors and intake among U.S. Latino families, specifically fruit and vegetable intake. The novel intervention design merged a community health worker ("promotora") model with an entertainment-education…

  19. A Process Evaluation of an Efficacious Family-Based Intervention to Promote Healthy Eating: The "Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud" Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmied, Emily; Parada, Humberto; Horton, Lucy; Ibarra, Leticia; Ayala, Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    "Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud" was a successful family-based randomized controlled trial designed to improve dietary behaviors and intake among U.S. Latino families, specifically fruit and vegetable intake. The novel intervention design merged a community health worker ("promotora") model with an entertainment-educationÖ

  20. Family Engagement in Literacy Activities: Revised Factor Structure for the Familia--An Instrument Examining Family Support for Early Literacy Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buhs, Eric S.; Welch, Greg; Burt, Jennifer; Knoche, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated a data-set drawn using "The Familia"--a measure originally developed to evaluate shared-reading activities. A newly developed set of conceptual supports and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were applied to a new factor structure/model. Data were drawn from 219 young children and their families (mean age = 43 months)…

  1. Exploring the Underlying Factor Structure of the Home Literacy Environment (HLE) in the English and Spanish Versions of the Familia Inventory: A Cautionary Tale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Taylor, Aaron B.; McCormick, Anita S.; Villareal, Victor; Kim, Minjung; Perez, Erica; Darensbourg, Alicia; Haynes, Rebekah

    2011-01-01

    Few research-based measures of the family literacy environment are commercially available, especially in Spanish. One exception is the Familia Inventory (Taylor, 1995). The present study investigated the 10 subscales of this instrument and the factor structure they imply, using data from a low-socioeconomic (SES), largely Hispanic population.…

  2. Reducing Substance Use and HIV Health Disparities among Hispanic Youth in the U.S.A.: The Familias Unidas Program of Research

    PubMed Central

    Prado, Guillermo; Pantin, Hilda

    2011-01-01

    Preventing/reducing substance use and HIV among Hispanic youth is essential to eliminating the health disparities that exist between Hispanics and other segments of the population. The objective of this article is to describe a program of research involving Familias Unidas, a Hispanic-specific, parent-centered intervention, aimed at reducing substance use and HIV health disparities among Hispanic youth. This article will focus on the theoretical foundation of the intervention, the empirical research supporting the theoretical model, the intervention model itself, the findings of the program of research, and the translation of this intervention into community practice. PMID:21743790

  3. We Are Familia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Almendariz, Abe Lujan; Villarreal, Micha; Rodriquez, Roy C.

    2001-01-01

    Describes the family-based administrative structure of the Alicia Chacon International School, a magnet elementary school in El Paso, Texas. Students are motivated to learn within the school's family environment through involvement in cultural activities, multilingual instruction, and family participation. (PKP)

  4. Un Abrazo Para La Familia: An Evidenced-based Rehabilitation Approach in Providing Cancer Education to Low-SES Hispanic Co-Survivors

    PubMed Central

    Marshall, Catherine A.; Curran, Melissa A.; Koerner, Susan Silverberg; Kroll, Thilo; Hickman, Amy C.; García, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    We discuss Un Abrazo Para La Familia as an effective, rehabilitation-informed evidence-based model of education, information-sharing, and skill-teaching for use with low-income Hispanic co-survivors of cancer. Over two years, 120 co-survivors participated in the intervention. The majority of participants (96%) were women and all but one reported being Hispanic. Both in Years 1 and 2, we followed the same pre- and post-intervention evaluation design. Based on pre- and post-intervention assessments of cancer-related knowledge and self-efficacy, the percentage of questions answered correctly about cancer significantly increased for co-survivors. Self-efficacy significantly increased as well. Using item analysis, we explored skill teaching as a mechanism for the effective delivery of Un Abrazo and recommend the use of promotoras in providing the intervention. Of the 12 cancer knowledge items resulting in statistically significant increases of cancer knowledge, 5 were taught via interactive skill-teaching. Given the projected rise in the incidence of cancer in Hispanic populations, coupled with the fact that people from low-income backgrounds face unique challenges in cancer prevention and management, implications of the Un Abrazo model for future research and policy regarding cancer and families are considered. PMID:24347436

  5. A Process Evaluation of an Efficacious Family-Based Intervention to Promote Healthy Eating: The Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud Study.

    PubMed

    Schmied, Emily; Parada, Humberto; Horton, Lucy; Ibarra, Leticia; Ayala, Guadalupe

    2015-10-01

    Entre Familia: Reflejos de Salud was a successful family-based randomized controlled trial designed to improve dietary behaviors and intake among U.S. Latino families, specifically fruit and vegetable intake. The novel intervention design merged a community health worker (promotora) model with an entertainment-education component. This process evaluation examined intervention implementation and assessed relationships between implementation factors and dietary change. Participants included 180 mothers randomized to an intervention condition. Process evaluation measures were obtained from participant interviews and promotora notes and included fidelity, dose delivered (i.e., minutes of promotora in-person contact with families, number of promotora home visits), and dose received (i.e., participant use of and satisfaction with intervention materials). Outcome variables included changes in vegetable intake and the use of behavioral strategies to increase dietary fiber and decrease dietary fat intake. Participant satisfaction was high, and fidelity was achieved; 87.5% of families received the planned number of promotora home visits. In the multivariable model, satisfaction with intervention materials predicted more frequent use of strategies to increase dietary fiber (p ‚ȧ .01). Trends suggested that keeping families in the prescribed intervention timeline and obtaining support from other social network members through sharing of program materials may improve changes. Study findings elucidate the relationship between specific intervention processes and dietary changes. PMID:25810469

  6. Ni√Īos Sanos, Familia Sana: Mexican immigrant study protocol for a multifaceted CBPR intervention to combat childhood obesity in two rural California towns

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Overweight and obese children are likely to develop serious health problems. Among children in the U.S., Latino children are affected disproportionally by the obesity epidemic. Ni√Īos Sanos, Familia Sana (Healthy Children, Healthy Family) is a five-year, multi-faceted intervention study to decrease the rate of BMI growth in Mexican origin children in California‚Äôs Central Valley. This paper describes the methodology applied to develop and launch the study. Methods/Design Investigators use a community-based participatory research approach to develop a quasi-experimental intervention consisting of four main components including nutrition, physical activity, economic and art-community engagement. Each component‚Äôs definition, method of delivery, data collection and evaluation are described. Strategies to maintain engagement of the comparison community are reported as well. Discussion We present a study methodology for an obesity prevention intervention in communities with unique environmental conditions due to rural and isolated location, limited infrastructure capacity and limited resources. This combined with numerous cultural considerations and an unstable population with limited exposure to researcher expectations necessitates reassessment and adaptation of recruitment strategies, intervention delivery and data collection methods. Trial registration # NCT01900613. Trial registration NCT01900613. PMID:24172250

  7. Un Abrazo Para La Familia: an evidenced-based rehabilitation approach in providing cancer education to low-SES Hispanic co-survivors.

    PubMed

    Marshall, Catherine A; Curran, Melissa A; Koerner, Susan Silverberg; Kroll, Thilo; Hickman, Amy C; GarcŪa, Francisco

    2014-12-01

    We discuss Un Abrazo Para La Familia as an effective, rehabilitation-informed evidence-based model of education, information-sharing, and skill teaching for use with low-income Hispanic co-survivors of cancer. Over 2†years, 120 co-survivors participated in the intervention. The majority of participants (96†%) were women and all but one reported being Hispanic. Both in years 1 and 2, we followed the same pre- and post-intervention evaluation design. Based on pre- and post-intervention assessments of cancer-related knowledge and self-efficacy, the percentage of questions answered correctly about cancer significantly increased for co-survivors. Self-efficacy significantly increased as well. Using item analysis, we explored skill teaching as a mechanism for the effective delivery of Un Abrazo and recommend the use of promotoras in providing the intervention. Of the 12 cancer knowledge items resulting in statistically significant increases of cancer knowledge, 5 were taught via interactive skill teaching. Given the projected rise in the incidence of cancer in Hispanic populations, coupled with the fact that people from low-income backgrounds face unique challenges in cancer prevention and management, implications of the Un Abrazo model for future research and policy regarding cancer and families are considered. PMID:24347436

  8. Brief Report: Un Abrazo Para la Familia: Providing Low-Income Hispanics with Education and Skills in Coping with Breast Cancer and Caregiving

    PubMed Central

    Badger, Terry A.; Curran, Melissa A.; Koerner, Susan Silverberg; Larkey, Linda K.; Weihs, Karen L.; Verdugo, Lorena; García, Francisco A. R.

    2012-01-01

    Objective Un Abrazo Para La Familia [A Hug for the Family] is an intervention designed to increase the accessibility of cancer information to low-income and medically underserved co-survivors of cancer. Co-survivors are family members or friends of an individual diagnosed with cancer. Our goal was to increase socio-emotional support for co-survivors, and improve skills in coping with cancer. The purpose of our pilot study was to explore the effectiveness of the intervention in increasing cancer knowledge and self-efficacy among co-survivors. Methods Un Abrazo consisted of three one-hour sessions, in either Spanish or English. Sessions were delivered by a trained promotora [community health worker], in partnership with a counselor. Sixty participants completed measures of cancer knowledge and self-efficacy preceding (pre-test) and following the intervention (post-test). Results From pre- to post-test, the percentage of questions answered correctly about cancer knowledge increased (p < .001), as did ratings of self-efficacy (p < .001). Decreases were seen in ‚ÄúDo not know‚ÄĚ responses for cancer knowledge (p < .01), with a negative correlation between number of ‚ÄúDo not knows‚ÄĚ on cancer knowledge at pre-test and ratings of self-efficacy at pre-test (r = ‚ąí.47, p < .01). Conclusions When provided an accessible format, co-survivors of cancer from underserved populations increase their cancer knowledge and self-efficacy. This is notable because research indicates that family members and friends with increased cancer knowledge assume more active involvement in the cancer care of their loved ones. PMID:22140003

  9. Family Pictures = Cuadros de familia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lomas Garza, Carmen

    Bilingual (English and Spanish) text and illustrations describe the author-artist's experiences growing up in a traditional Hispanic community in south Texas, near the border with Mexico. The brightly colored paintings of her family and community show, in great detail, the everyday activities that remain vivid in her memory: picking oranges for…

  10. Echoes of the "Primiera Familia."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Jon C.

    1992-01-01

    A residential school for deaf and hard-of-hearing students developed family living units for some students. Program features include student diversity as a selection factor, a teaching-parent couple in each unit, food acquired from the school kitchen but prepared and eaten in the unit, and close communication between teachers and teaching parents.…

  11. Family Kindergarten = Kinder para familias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtin, Jolinda

    The Family Kindergarten program designed and pilot tested by a bilingual kindergarten teacher at Garretson Elementary School in Corona, California, is described. Based on the premise that parents are the most important and influential educators of children, Family Kindergarten was conceived as an evening class that includes parents and children…

  12. Consentimiento informado: una praxis dialogica para la investigacion

    PubMed Central

    Mondragon-Barrios, Liliana

    2009-01-01

    El consentimiento informado es un proceso, en el que una persona acepta participar en una investigation, conociendo los riesgos, beneficios, consecuencias o problemas que se puedan presenter durante el desarrollo de la misma. El objetivo de este trabajo es reunir las caracteristicas del proceso de consentimiento informado (PCI) pare que su discernimiento y cumplimiento posibilite el ejercicio etc¬į dialogico, reflexivo y responsable del investigador. Se presentan los resultados de una extensa revision de les elementos del PCI, desde sus cornponentes hasta su fundamento etico y legal, incluyendo los mites y realidades que existen sobre el formato de consentimiento informado come recurso legal de protection. El consentimiento informado no es un formato establecido que los investigadores repliquen, se trata de que la praxis del PCI sea una tarea cotidiana dentro de la investigation con seres humanos, como comunicaciOn deliberative y critica, responsable y comprometida entre dos agentes morales, investigador-investigado. PMID:19507477

  13. Una b√ļsqueda de la identidad regional em Astrometria

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abad, C.

    2003-11-01

    La idea sobre una reuni√≥n latino-americana que congregara a las personas que desarrollan su trabajo en el √°rea de la astrometr√≠a, se gest√≥ a partir de una de las reuniones que el proyecto QUEST realizaba anualmente en M√©rida (Venezuela). El proyecto QUEST (Quasars Equatorial Survey Team) celebraba su IV Reuni√≥n Anual, en la cual se hac√≠a una revis√≥n de la marcha del proyecto durante el √ļltimo a√Īo. Adem√°s, se expon√≠an los logros cient√≠ficos y t√©cnicos alcanzados hasta el momento y se planificaba el futuro del mismo para el per√≠odo anual siguiente.

  14. Lichens from the Una National Park (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    PubMed Central

    Bilovitz, Peter O.; T√ľrk, Roman; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2011-01-01

    A list of 57 taxa of lichens (56 species) from the Una National Park in the north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina is presented. Bacidia subincompta, Buellia griseovirens, Candelariella reflexa, Cetrelia monachorum, Fulgensia subbacteata, Lecanora subcarpinea, L. subrugosa, and Trapeliopsis viridescens are new for Bosnia and Herzegovina. PMID:22318913

  15. Entrop√≠a de la informaci√≥n: una herramienta √ļtil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cincotta, P.

    En este trabajo se presenta una muy breve introducción al concepto de Entropía de la Información y se muestran distintas aplicaciones de una misma técnica para estudiar problemas tan variados como la determinación de periodicidad en una serie de tiempo arbitraria o de estimar el grado de caoticidad de una trayectoria en un sistema dinámico de N grados de libertad.

  16. Radioastronomía: Una Mirada Más Amplia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bianchi, Viviana

    2004-12-01

    The existence of the celestial bodies is known due to the light they emit. But light is a small part of a bigger phenomenon known as electromagnetic radiation. The representation of all kinds of electromagnetic radiation as a function of its frequency is called the electromagnetic spectrum. If we only studied the visible part of the spectrum, we would ignore a great deal of information. The celestial bodies emit radiation in all the regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, with very different intensity. To capture these data, astronomers design new types of telescopes that capture radiation at different wavelengths, among them the radiotelescopes that, as the name indicates, detect radio waves. The radiotelescope can be compared to a regular radio set. A radio station sends information by means of radio waves. The radio set captures these waves by means of its antenna, processes it and reproduces the information (music, etc.) in audible form. In the field of radioastronomy, interesting observations can be carried out: radio emission from stars, nebulas, pulsars, distant galaxies and stars, radiogalaxies, the Milky Way, the Sun, Jupiter, etc. La presencia de los cuerpos celestes se conoce gracias a que emiten luz. Pero la luz constituye solo una peque√Īa parte de un fen√≥meno mucho mas amplio conocido como radiaci√≥n electromagn√©tica. La representaci√≥n de todas las clases de radiaci√≥n como funci√≥n de su frecuencia se denomina espectro electromagn√©tico. Si solo estudi√°ramos la parte visual del espectro ignorar√≠amos una gran cantidad de informaci√≥n. Los cuerpos celestes emiten radiaci√≥n en todas las regiones del espectro electromagn√©tico, aunque con muy distinta intensidad. Para captar estos datos, los astr√≥nomos deben dise√Īar nuevos tipos de telescopios que puedan captar la radiaci√≥n de distintas longitudes de ondas, entre ellos los radiotelescopios, qu√© como su nombre lo indica detectan ondas de radio. El radiotelescopio puede compararse a un aparato de radio familiar. Una estaci√≥n emisora est√° enviando informaci√≥n por medio de ondas de radio. El aparato de radio capta estas ondas mediante su antena, la procesa y el receptor reproduce la informaci√≥n (m√ļsica, etc.) en forma audible. En el campo de la radioastronom√≠a se pueden realizar observaciones interesantes: Radioestrellas, nebulosas, p√ļlsares, galaxias y estrellas lejanas, radiogalaxias, la V√≠a L√°ctea, el Sol, J√ļpiter, etc.

  17. For a Child, Life is a Creative Adventure: Supporting Development and Learning through Art, Music, Movement, and Dialogue. A Guide for Parents and Professionals. = Para los ninos, la vida es una aventura creativa: Como estimular el desarrollo y el aprendizaje por medio de las artes visuales, la musica, el movimiento y el dialogo. Guia para padres de familia y profesionales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Elena

    Recognizing that creativity facilitates children's learning and development, the Head Start Program Performance Standards require Head Start programs to include opportunities for creative self-expression. This guide with accompanying videotape, both in English- and Spanish- language versions, encourages and assists adults to support children's…

  18. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 1st Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 1er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  19. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 2nd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 2do Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  20. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your Kindergartner Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Jardin Infantil (Kindergarten) Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the new…

  1. A Visit to the Library: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Una visita a la biblioteca: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides suggestions for parents of 3- to…

  2. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 7th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Septimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  3. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 9th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Noveno Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  4. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 5th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 5to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  5. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 10th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Decimo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  6. A Visit to the Library: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Una visita a la biblioteca: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides suggestions for parents of 3- toÖ

  7. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 6th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 6to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  8. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 11th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 11 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  9. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 12th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Grado 12 Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Education Oversight Committee, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  10. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 4th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 4to Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  11. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 8th Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de Octavo Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  12. A Guide for Parents and Families about What Your 3rd Grader Should Be Learning in School This Year. Don't Fail Your Children = Una Guia para los Padres y Familias Acerca de Lo Que Su Hijo de 3er Grado Debe Aprender en la Escuela Este Ano. No Le Falle a Sus Hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia.

    This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, shares with parents information about the South Carolina Curriculum Standards. The standards outline state requirements for children's learning and what students across the state should be able to do in certain subjects. The guide lists seven key reasons parents should be aware of the newÖ

  13. Men and Families = Hombres y Familias, 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Men and Families Newsletter, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter, published in both English and Spanish versions, focuses on men and their roles in families. It stems from a 3-day workshop held at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in Mexico City. The 24 participating researchers and practitioners discussed ways to support men in fathering roles in order to enhance the…

  14. [Family Health. La Salud de la Familia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moreno, Steve

    These three booklets on family and child health are part of a series of 22 booklets specifically designed to help parents understand their children and help them to learn. "The Effects of Stress on Parents and Family Life" (booklet #17), covers issues such as causes and effects of stress, stress and our modern society, and coping with stress. In…

  15. Estudio epidemiológico de sucesos traumáticos, trastorno de estrés post-traumático y otros trastornos psiquiátricos en una muestra representativa de Chile

    PubMed Central

    Pérez Benítez, Carlos I.; Vicente, Benjamin; Zlotnick, Caron; Kohn, Robert; Johnson, Jennifer; Valdivia, Sandra; Rioseco, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    RESUMEN Durante la d√©cada de 1990 en los Estados Unidos (EU), el conocimiento sobre el trastorno de estr√©s post-traum√°tico (TEPT) evolucion√≥ de estudios espec√≠ficos en un principio, sobre veteranos de guerra y sobre v√≠ctimas de desastres, a estudios epidemiol√≥gicos m√°s tarde, sin embargo, la epidemiolog√≠a del TEPT en pa√≠ses en desarrollo ha sido un √°rea poco estudiada hasta ahora. Los expertos en el √°rea de trauma han propuesto que los sucesos traum√°ticos que ocurren en la ni√Īez son m√°s perjudiciales para la salud mental que aquellos que ocurren m√°s tarde en la vida. Este trabajo revisa los resultados de un estudio epidemiol√≥gico llevado a cabo en Chile. Espec√≠ficamente, se revisan los resultados sobre las tasas de prevalencia del TEPT, traumas asociados m√°s frecuentemente con √©l, as√≠ como la comorbilidad de este trastorno con otros trastornos psiqui√°tricos a lo largo de la vida. Igualmente se analizaron las diferencias del TEPT en cada sexo, as√≠ como la exposici√≥n a traumas en una muestra representativa de chilenos. Adem√°s se compar√≥ la prevalencia de trastornos psiqui√°tricos en personas que sufrieron su primer trauma durante la ni√Īez, durante la edad adulta, o que no reportaron traumas durante su vida. En estos estudios epidemiol√≥gicos se usaron m√≥dulos del TEPT y trastorno de personalidad antisocial (TPA) de la entrevista diagn√≥stica siguiendo los criterios del DSM-III-R (DIS‚ÄďIII-R). Para evaluar el resto de los trastornos psiqui√°tricos se us√≥ la Entrevista Diagn√≥stica Internacional Compuesta (CIDI). Estos instrumentos fueron administrados en tres ciudades chilenas a 2390 personas mayores de 15 a√Īos. Para estimar los errores est√°ndares (EE) debido al dise√Īo de la muestra y a la necesidad de ajuste se us√≥ el m√©todo Taylor de linearizaci√≥n seriada. Tambi√©n se us√≥ un an√°lisis de regresi√≥n log√≠stica para examinar la relaci√≥n entre el TEPT, los factores demogr√°ficos de riesgo y el tipo de trauma. Adem√°s se utiliz√≥ la regresi√≥n log√≠stica multivariada para evaluar si la relaci√≥n entre el TEPT y el sexo pudiera ser explicada por medio de otros factores de riesgo, as√≠ como para calcular las tasas y la oportunidad relativa (raz√≥n de productos cruzados) de trastornos psiqui√°tricos a lo largo de la vida. El primer an√°lisis arroj√≥ que la prevalencia de TEPT a lo largo de la vida fue de 4.4% (2.5% para hombres y 6.2% para mujeres). De los hechos traum√°ticos reportados, la violaci√≥n sexual tuvo una correlaci√≥n m√°s alta con el TEPT que los dem√°s hechos traum√°ticos. Las mujeres tuvieron m√°s probabilidades de experimentar TEPT que los hombres, despu√©s de controlar la variable asalto violento. El segundo an√°lisis evidenci√≥ que los que hab√≠an sufrido traumas a lo largo de la vida tuvieron mayor probabilidad de tener un trastorno psiqui√°trico en comparaci√≥n con aquellos que no reportaron traumas. Tambi√©n se encontr√≥ que los que sufrieron su primer trauma durante la infancia tuvieron m√°s probabilidad de desarrollar trastornos de p√°nico a lo largo de la vida que aquellos que sufrieron su primer trauma en la edad adulta, independientemente del n√ļmero de traumas que sufrieron y de las diferencias demogr√°ficas. Aunque Chile tiene un contexto hist√≥rico-cultural y una econom√≠a diferente a otros pa√≠ses en los que se ha estudiado anteriormente la epidemiolog√≠a del TEPT, el presente estudio reflej√≥ tendencias similares a las reportadas en estudios previos. Los hallazgos expuestos enfatizan la importancia de investigar la prevalencia del TEPT, los patrones de comorbilidad del TEPT y las diferencias de sexo en la prevalencia del TEPT en diferentes pa√≠ses. Tambi√©n estos resultados sugieren que los sucesos traum√°ticos en la infancia (y no en la adultez) pueden estar relacionados con la ocurrencia de trastornos psiqui√°tricos espec√≠ficos. PMID:21113425

  16. Una propuesta para el desarrollo de un arreglo de síntesis de apertura

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arnal, E. M.

    Los estudios llevados a cabo en la transici√≥n del hidr√≥geno neutro a őĽ~21-cm han contribu√≠do a incrementar nuestro conocimiento acerca de las propiedades globales del medio interestelar, sea este gal√°ctico o extragal√°ctico. Avances en este campo han sido provocados, a menudo, por la puesta en servicio de radiotelescopios que poseen una mayor resoluci√≥n angular. Aqu√≠ se presenta una propuesta para desarrollar un nuevo instrumento, un interfer√≥metro, que permitir√° abrir nuevas l√≠neas de investigaci√≥n. Este instrumento combinar√° la t√©cnica de s√≠ntesis de apertura con la de espectroscop√≠a de correlaci√≥n digital, para alcanzar una resoluci√≥n angular de 1' y un campo de visi√≥n de ~1o.7.

  17. Landscape Terms and Place Names in the Trobriand Islands--The Kaile'una Subset

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senft, Gunter

    2008-01-01

    After a brief introduction to the topic the paper first gives an overview of Kilivila landscape terms and then presents the inventory of names for villages, wells, island points, reef-channels and gardens on Kaile'una Island, one of the Trobriand Islands in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea. The data on the meaning of the place names…

  18. Landscape Terms and Place Names in the Trobriand Islands--The Kaile'una Subset

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senft, Gunter

    2008-01-01

    After a brief introduction to the topic the paper first gives an overview of Kilivila landscape terms and then presents the inventory of names for villages, wells, island points, reef-channels and gardens on Kaile'una Island, one of the Trobriand Islands in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea. The data on the meaning of the place namesÖ

  19. Batkoa apiculata (Thaxter) Humber affecting Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) in the municipality of Una, Southern Bahia, Brazil

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Surveys for fungal pathogens affecting adult mosquitoes from the genus Anopheles were conducted in flooded and swamp-like natural breeding sites near residences in the center and suburbs of the city of Una as well as the nearby village of Outeiro in southern Bahia. Surveys of 54 mosquito breeding si...

  20. Cultivating "Una Persona Educada: A Sentipensante" (Sensing/Thinking) Vision of Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rendon, Laura I.

    2011-01-01

    This essay focuses on the need to educate the new "persona educada", a dignified, honorable person with a good measure of social and personal responsibility who also possesses the habits of the mind and heart. To cultivate "una persona educada" requires a newly formed vision of education and pedagogy. Examples of three entrenched agreements that…

  1. Pasado, presente y futuro de la epidemiología. Una perspective latinoamericana

    PubMed Central

    Morabia, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Este art√≠culo intenta contestar tres preguntas. Sobre el pasado: ¬ŅPor qu√© no existi√≥ una epidemiolog√≠a precolombina? Sobre el presente: ¬ŅCu√°les son los or√≠genes de la epidemiolog√≠a moderna, incluyendo sus ra√≠ces sudamericanas? Y sobre el futuro, escog√≠ un t√≠tulo surrealista para enfatizar el hecho que estoy consciente de que es siempre delicado hacer predicciones: ¬ŅPor qu√© fen√≥menos complejos son los ‚Äúobjetos oscuros del deseo‚ÄĚ epidemiol√≥gico? PMID:25124247

  2. Observaciones del disco solar y de una protuberancia quiescente en radiación ultravioleta

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cirigliano, D.; Vial, J.-C.; Rovira, M.

    Observaciones del disco solar y de una protuberancia quiescente en el rango de longitudes de onda ultravioleta fueron obtenidas con el instrumento CDS (Coronal Diagnostic Spectrograph) y SUMER (Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of emitted radiation) a bordo de la sonda SOHO. El propósito es investigar las velocidades macroscópicas de varias especies metálicas que se observan tanto en el disco solar como en el plasma de las protuberancias. Para calcular las velocidades del disco solar aplicamos una técnica mixta para modelar la distribución de estructuras en UV en el Sol quieto. Las velocidades macroscópicas en las protuberancias se calcularon a partir de los corrimientos Doppler en cada línea espectral y luego se tomaron las del disco solar como referencia. Obtuvimos valores absolutos para las velocidades macroscópicas entre 5 y 40 km/seg. También detectamos comportamientos diferentes en las velocidades de las protuberancias en el centro con respecto a los bordes.

  3. Desarrollo curricular, conciencia ambiental y tecnologia para estudiantes de intermedia: Una investigacion en accion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez Ramos, Teresita

    Se llev√≥ a cabo una investigaci√≥n en acci√≥n con los prop√≥sitos de 1) documentar las relaciones de las tecnolog√≠as de la informaci√≥n y la comunicaci√≥n en las clases de ciencias de escuela intermedia como elemento de apoyo cuando se aborda el tema ambiental y sus conceptos pertinentes, a partir de las observaciones de la investigadora, as√≠ como las entrevistas y diarios reflexivos de los estudiantes de una escuela intermedia en la zona metropolitana, y luego 2) dise√Īar una unidad instruccional sobre el tema ambiental que integre actividades tecnolog√≠as para el curso de ciencias de la escuela intermedia seg√ļn el modelo PROCIC y las observaciones que hayan iniciado los estudiantes participantes. Finalmente, se plantearon las implicaciones educativas para el curr√≠culo del Programa de Ciencias al instrumentar este modelo de unidad mediante PROCIC, e integrado la tecnolog√≠a y el tema ambiental. Los hallazgos se analizaron y se categorizaron de acuerdo con las preguntas de investigaci√≥n. El hallazgo principal de la investigaci√≥n aborda las cuatro relaciones centrales en las que se articula la utilizaci√≥n de las tecnolog√≠as y sus aplicaciones en la clase de ciencias. Estas cuatro relaciones que recogen la posici√≥n de los estudiantes son: 1) Perspectiva de los estudiantes hacia la tecnolog√≠a. 2) Participaci√≥n de los estudiantes en los aspectos docentes. 3) Aprendizaje estudiantil sobre el ambiente, y 4) Conciencia ambiental en relaci√≥n con la vida diaria. Estas relaciones ponen de manifiesto,c√≥mo se plantea en las implicaciones, la necesidad de m√°s investigaci√≥n en acci√≥n en la sala de clases, la importancia‚ÄĒcomo tema transversal‚ÄĒde la conciencia ambiental mediante la tecnolog√≠a al construir conocimientos significativos dentro y fuera de la escuela, as√≥ como, valorar la investigaci√≥n y la dialogicidad en la sala de clases como actividades que obligan al reexamen de la pr√°ctica did√°ctica en su formas curriculares de objetivos, recursos, actividades, evaluaci√≥n, entre otros. Estos planteamientos definen la unidad curricular que se propone en el cuatro cap√≠tulo.

  4. [Influence of antioxidant phenovin and immunomodulator Una de gato on free radical oxidation at parodontitis].

    PubMed

    Gogebashvili, N N; Dzhashi, L M; Datunashvili, I V; Intskirveli, N A; Kiparoidze, L I

    2009-04-01

    The aim of the research: detection of changes in free radical oxidation at treatment of parodontitis with combination of preparations - antioxidant Phenovin and immunomodulator Una de gato. Reactive compounds of nitrogen, oxygen and lipids in saliva, blood and gingival tissue of patients suffering from moderate form of parodontitis has been studied by means of the electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) method and spin-traps (DETC, DMPO, PBN - Sigma). In patients with parodontitis content of free NO in saliva and blood increases, while in gingival tissue - decreases. In saliva, blood and gingival tissue of patients intense EPR signals of superoxidradicals (O2(-)) and lipoperoxides (LOO(-)) has been revealed indicating intensification of processes of lipid peroxidation in oral cavity, as well as in whole organism of patient. Exaggerated synthesis of NO in saliva and blood of patient is determined by high- expression of inducible NO-synthase triggered by oxidative stress, and increased activity of neuronal NO-synthase in saliva as a result of high concentrations of metacholine and P substance intensely secreted at parodontitis. Decreased content of free NO in gingival tissue of patients with parodontitis compared to control is the result of biological degradation of nitric oxide (conversion of NO into peroxinitrite on the background of intense oxidative stress in oral cavity) and nitrosylation of mitochondrial electron transport proteins of gingival tissue (characteristic for parodontitis) with further decrease in content of free oxide, suppression of intensity of mitochondrial respiration, energogenesis, development of ischemia in oral tissue leading to further initiation of destructive processes and progression of parodontitis. Treatment with combination of preparations - Phenovin and Una de gato decreased intensity of oxidative stress in organism of patients and reduced destructive processes of tissues in oral cavity. Relative normalization of oxidative metabolism in organism, restoration of NO-synthase system activity (intensity of EPR signals of spin-trapped nitric oxide and lipoperoxide radicals approach to control data) has been observed. It is concluded that combined treatment of patients suffering from parodontitis using preparations of antioxidant and immunoregulatory activity results in long-term remission of disease. PMID:19430040

  5. Mi Familia (My Family). Chula Vista Readers, Book One.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Olst, Ofelia; And Others

    This is book one in a series of beginning readers in Spanish for preschool and grade one. The program is designed to prepare children to read in Spanish by teaching the sound-symbol relationship in sequential order with simple reading selections. This book introduces the consonants "m,""p,""s,""l," and the consonant blend "pl." (Author/AM)

  6. Familia Ludens: Reinforcing the Leisure Component in Family Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orthner, Dennis K.

    1975-01-01

    Leisure is examined as a normal and potentially vital component in the contemporary family. Consideration is given to the interplay between work and leisure and the means by which leisure facilitates companionship and family interaction. (Author)

  7. La Familia: Student Workbook. Latino Family Life Education Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matiella, Ana Consuelo

    This workbook comprises eight lessons designed to enhance the self-esteem of Latino students, grades 5 through 8, through the exploration of family, family traditions and values, and the affirmation of family strengths. Each lesson begins with an illustration that reflects the content of the lesson and an introductory page. Each introductory page…

  8. Familia Faber: The Family as Maker of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulding, Elise

    1983-01-01

    Presented at the National Council on Family Relations Annual Meeting, October, 1981, Milwaukee, WI. The creative response of households to boom-town stress is examined, indicating a significant amount of household-initiated future-oriented community building takes place under stress of rapid growth. (Author/JAC)

  9. La Familia: Curriculum Unit. Latino Family Life Education Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matiella, Ana Consuelo

    This teaching guide comprises eight lessons designed to enhance the self-esteem of Latino students, grades 5 through 8, through the exploration of family, family traditions and values, and the affirmation of family strengths. Student objectives include the following: (1) define family; (2) describe similarities and differences among Latino…

  10. Nuestra Familia y la Salud (Our Family and Its Health).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This book is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. It provides instruction on knowing about, and caring for, the health of one's family. Topics covered include community health, pregnancy,…

  11. "La Influencia De La Familia": Latino Retention in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort Daniels, Tonya

    2012-01-01

    Although the Latino population is currently the largest minority ethnicity in the U.S. (U.S. Census, 2008), Latino students enroll in college and graduate in proportionately the smallest numbers (Latino, 2002). This dissertation examined the effect of Latino students' families on their decision to remain in school and finish a bachelor's…

  12. La Familia de la Raza. (The Family of the Race.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armas, Jose

    Chicanos in this country have been in a constant state of struggle for economic and cultural survival; yet the Chicano's family has remained the most important part of his culture. Chicano values, customs, life styles, and language are still very much a part of his family. This publication discusses the Chicano's family, covering: (1) la familia…

  13. A Standards-Based Thematic Unit: "Cuadros de Familia"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parvis-Condon, Katia; Kleinman, Donna; Brown, Joseph; Roa, Angela

    1998-01-01

    This unit was created as a result of a summer institute sponsored by the National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. The Center's goal is to improve student learning of foreign languages in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12). In the summer of 1996, the Center offered the Culture and Children's…

  14. La reconstrucción del seno después de una mastectomía

    Cancer.gov

    Hoja informativa que describe la reconstrucci√≥n del seno (mama) despu√©s de una mastectom√≠a. Contiene informaci√≥n sobre las opciones quir√ļrgicas, los cuidados de seguimiento y los ex√°menes de detecci√≥n del c√°ncer de seno despu√©s de la reconstrucci√≥n.

  15. If Your Child Learns in Two Languages: A Parent's Guide for Improving Educational Opportunities for Children Acquiring English as a Second Language = Si su nino aprende en dos idiomes: Una guia para que las familias sepan como mejorar las oportunidades educativas de los ninos que adquieren el ingles como segunda lengua = Neu lon Ban Hoc Bang Hai Thu Tieng: Chi-nam cua phu-huynh de cai tien co hoi hoc van cua con em dang hoc Anh van nhu sinh ngu thu hai.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zelasko, Nancy; Antunez, Beth

    This guide, in English, Spanish, and Vietnamese, aims to inform parents of students who have learned or are learning English as a Second Language about appropriate approaches for educating children so that they can work with schools to ensure a high quality education for their children. The emphasis is on explaining the laws, schools, and research…

  16. "Una Luna Brilla."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching Music, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Focuses on the "World's Largest Concerts" listing various songs to be sung by students. Includes teaching tips in the form of quotes from music teachers on aspects of music education, such as teaching rhythm. Includes information on how to access the songs. (CMK)

  17. Geomorphological significance of the palaeodrainage network on a karst plateau: The Una-Korana plateau, Dinaric karst, Croatia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bońćińá, Neven; Pahernik, Mladen; Mihevc, Andrej

    2015-10-01

    Karst plateaus often have a complex geological and geomorphological history. It is widely accepted that their development requires a long period of karst denudation. This study reconstructs the palaeodrainage network of a karst plateau, analyses its properties and establishes its geomorphological significance. The main purpose of this research was to deepen our understanding of a key stage in the evolution of karst plateaus - the transition from a fluvial land surface to one dominated by karst surface processes. The study was conducted on a large part of the Una-Korana plateau, the largest plateau in the Dinaric karst. The majority of the plateau is made of carbonate rocks of Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous age that set the conditions for the development of the karst. We have reconstructed the palaeodrainage network based on 1:25,000 topographic maps with 10 m contours. The transition of the surface drainage network to the underground karst drainage network is still in progress, so, depending on the degree of karstification, the drainage network was divided into three categories: active, dry and relict. It was found that 90.5% of the pre-existing drainage network has undergone some degree of karstification. The active surface drainage network gradually shifted to a dry network, then to a relict network. The surface drainage network is gradually replaced by a dense network of dolines. Today, the flat and karstified inter-fluvial area is drained underground towards the main watercourses and these drain the entire region over the surface towards the Pannonian basin. This is the largest known karst palaeodrainage network in the Dinaric karst that has been reconstructed in this way.

  18. Regiones de formaci√≥n de la l√≠nea de He II őĽ 1640 en una atm√≥sfera en expansi√≥n

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venero, R.; Cidale, L.; Ringuelet, A.

    Se calculan perfiles de la l√≠nea del He II őĽ1640 empleando un modelo de atm√≥sfera en expansi√≥n con una estructura cromosf√©rica para determinar la regi√≥n de formaci√≥n de la l√≠nea. El problema se trata en geometr√≠a esf√©rica, fuera de equilibrio termodin√°mico. La ecuaci√≥n de transporte radiativo se resuelve rigurosamente en el marco de referencia del flu√≠do para distintas leyes de velocidad, mon√≥tonamente crecientes, y diferentes leyes de temperatura. Se buscan relaciones globales entre las caracter√≠sticas del perfil y los par√°metros f√≠sicos atribu√≠dos a la atm√≥sfera estelar, con la finalidad de definir una herramienta de diagn√≥stico de las propiedades del medio.

  19. Informe Anual a la Nación sobre el Estado del Cáncer con una sección especial sobre la prevalencia d

    Cancer.gov

    El Informe Anual a la Naci√≥n sobre el Estado del C√°ncer (1975 a 2010), mostr√≥ un descenso m√°s acelerado que en a√Īos anteriores de los √≠ndices de mortalidad por c√°ncer de pulm√≥n. Tambi√©n contiene una secci√≥n especial que destaca los efectos significativos

  20. Determinación de la orientación global SAO-Hipparcos mediante una expansión en armónicos vectoriales

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cionco, R. G.; Vucetich, H.; Orellana, R.; Arias, E. F.

    En base a las diferencias de posición y movimientos propios de 101352 estrellas con posición SAO observadas por HIPPARCOS y utilizando la naturaleza vectorial de esas diferencias, determinamos 6 parámetros de orientación global (3 de rotación y 3 de desplazamiento axial), para los sistemas de referencia asociados a los marcos mencionados, mediante una descomposición en serie de armónicos vectoriales ortogonales.

  1. Tratamiento Quir√ļrgico de los Meningiomas del Foramen √ďptico, T√©cnicay Resultados de una Serie de 18 Pacientes

    PubMed Central

    Goldschmidt, Ezequiel; Ajler, Pablo; Campero, √Ālvaro; Landriel, Federico; Sposito, Maximiliano; Carrizo, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Introducci√≥n: los meningiomas del foramen √≥ptico producen un r√°pido deterioro de la funci√≥n visual a√ļn cuando su tama√Īo es peque√Īo, por eso su diagn√≥stico y manejo difiere del resto de los meningiomas clinoideos. El prop√≥sito de este estudio es presentar la t√©cnica y los resultados de nuestro manejo quir√ļrgico de meningiomas foraminales (MF). Pacientes y M√©todos: se llev√≥ a cabo una revisi√≥n de las historias cl√≠nicas de 47 pacientes con meningiomas primarios intraorbitarios. Se realizaron 52 cirug√≠as en los pacientes con MF. Se emple√≥ una craneotom√≠a fronto-orbitaria, seguida de una descompresi√≥n extradural del canal √≥ptico, resecci√≥n del componente intraorbitario y exploraci√≥n intradural del nervio √≥ptico. Resultados: de los 12 pacientes con MF que presentaban la visi√≥n conservada, la agudeza visual fue preservada en 7 casos, mejor√≥ en 2, y empeor√≥ en 3. En 18 pacientes, el principal s√≠ntoma fue exoftalmos y en 35 pacientes ceguera unilateral. Ocurrieron 6 recurrencias, 2 a 10 a√Īos despu√©s de la resecci√≥n quir√ļrgica. Cinco de ellos fueron reoperados. Se indic√≥ radioterapia despu√©s de la recurrencia en 3 pacientes. Conclusi√≥n: el manejo de los MF contin√ļa siendo controvertido y frecuentemente se propone un tratamiento conservador. Basados en nuestros hallazgos de frecuente extensi√≥n intracraneal, proponemos realizar una resecci√≥n total o subtotal del tumor, preservando el nervio √≥ptico en pacientes con visi√≥n prequir√ļrgica conservada. PMID:25165616

  2. El Instituto Nacional del C√°ncer de EE. UU. y Per√ļ firman una Declaraci√≥n de Intenci√≥n

    Cancer.gov

    El Instituto Nacional del C√°ncer y la Rep√ļblica del Per√ļ firmaron una declaraci√≥n de intenci√≥n para compartir el inter√©s en fomentar la investigaci√≥n biom√©dica de oncolog√≠a, bas√°ndose en la colaboraci√≥n mutua de ambas entidades, as√≠ como el objetivo com√ļn

  3. Diseno de una Actividad de Aprendizaje Basada en la Argumentacion Dialogica en un curso Virtual de Biotecnologia y su Incidencia en el Desarrollo de Competencias Cientificas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortiz Benavides, Fedra Lorena

    El proposito de la investigacion fue evaluar la efectividad de una actividad de aprendizaje basado en la argumentacion dialogica en linea y su incidencia en el desarrollo de competencias cientificas. Se fundamenta en la teoria del aprendizaje socio cultural de Vigotsky (1984), los principios del diseno instruccional de la cognicion situada por Hung y Der-Thang (2001) y como estrategia se aplico la argumentacion dialogica utilizando el Modelo Argumentativo de Toulmin MAT (1984). El diseno experimental comparo dos grupos de estudiantes A y B en el curso virtual de Biotecnologia. El grupo A (experimental) desarrollo la discusion a partir de la estrategia disenada para este estudio y el grupo B (control) realizo la discusion desde las actividades tradicionales. El desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa se valoro con el instrumento de evaluacion para argumentacion dialogica en linea propuesta por Clark y Sampson (2008). La evaluacion de las competencias cientificas se realizo a partir de una postprueba. Los datos fueron analizados con pruebas estadisticas no parametricas. Los resultados de la investigacion, indicaron diferencias significativas en el nivel de la competencia argumental en el grupo experimental en comparacion al grupo control. Igualmente se demostro que existe una relacion positiva entre el nivel de desarrollo de la competencia argumentativa y el nivel de desarrollo de las competencias cientificas.

  4. Seismicity in 2010 and major earthquakes recorded and located in Costa Rica from 1983 until 2012, by the local OVSICORI-UNA seismic network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ronnie, Q.; Segura, J.; Burgoa, B.; Jimenez, W.; McNally, K. C.

    2013-05-01

    This work is the result of the analysis of existing information in the earthquake database of the Observatorio Sismológico y Vulcanológico de Costa Rica, Universidad Nacional (OVSICORI-UNA), and seeks disclosure of basic seismological information recorded and processed in 2010. In this year there was a transition between the software used to record, store and locate earthquakes. During the first three months of 2010, we used Earthworm (http://folkworm.ceri.memphis.edu/ew-doc), SEISAN (Haskov y Ottemoller, 1999) and Hypocenter (Lienert y Haskov, 1995) to capture, store and locate the earthquakes, respectively; in April 2010, ANTELOPE (http://www.brtt.com/software.html) start to be used for recording and storing and GENLOC (Fan at al, 2006) and LOCSAT (Bratt and Bache 1988), to locate earthquakes. GENLOC was used for local events and LOCSAT for regional and distant earthquakes. The local earthquakes were located using the 1D velocity model of Quintero and Kissling (2001) and for regional and distant earthquakes IASPEI91 (Kennett and Engdahl, 1991) was used. All the events for 2010 and shown in this work were rechecked by the authors. We located 3903 earthquakes in and around Costa Rica and 746 regional and distant seismic events were recorded (see Figure 1). In this work we also give a summary of major earthquakes recorded and located by OVSICORI-UNA network between 1983 and 2012. Seismicity recorded by OVSICORI-UNA network in 2010

  5. Identification of Suitable Water Harvesting Zones Based on Geomorphic Resources for Drought Areas: A Case Study of Una District, Himachal Pradesh, India.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prakasam, D. C., Jr.; Zaman, B.

    2014-12-01

    Water is one of the most vital natural resource and its availability and quality determine ecosystem productivity, both for agricultural and natural systems. Una district is one of the major potential agricultural districts in Himachal Pradesh, India. More than 70% of the population of this district is engaged in agriculture and allied sectors and major crops grown are maize, wheat, rice, sugarcane, pulses and vegetables. The region faces drought every year and about 90 per cent of the area is water stressed. This has resulted in crop loss and shortage of food and fodder. The sources of drinking water, small ponds and bowlies dry-up during summer season resulting in scarcity of drinking water. Una district receives rainfall during monsoons from June to September and also during non-monsoon period (winter). The annual average rainfall in the area is about 1040 mm with 55 average rainy days. But due to heavy surface run-off the farmers not able to cultivate the crops more than once in a year. Past research indicate that the geomorphology of the Una district might be responsible for such droughts as it controls the surface as well as ground water resources. The research proposes to develop a water stress model for Una district using the geomorphic parameters, water resource and land use land cover data of the study area. Using Survey of India topographical maps (1:50000), the geomorphic parameters are extracted. The spatial layers of these parameters i.e. drainage density, slope, relative relief, ruggedness index, surface water body's frequency are created in GIS. A time series of normalized remotely sensed data of the study area is used for land use land cover classification and analyses. Based on the results from the water stress model, the drought/water stress areas and water harvesting zones are identified and documented. The results of this research will help the general population in resolving the drinking water problem to a certain extent and also the cultivators to water the crops more than twice per year which might increase the crop yield in Una district.

  6. Reconexión magnética en una región activa en decaimiento

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mandrini, C. H.; Démoulin, P.; van Driel-Gesztelyi, L.; Schmieder, B.; Bagalá, L. G.; Rovira, M. G.

    Se han obtenido observaciones desde Tierra (HőĪ y magnetogramas) coordinadas con el Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT), a bordo del sat√©lite japon√©s Yohkoh, de una regi√≥n activa bipolar en decaimiento. Estos datos constituyen la base para el estudio de un punto brillante en rayos X (PBX) y de la actividad relacionada con el mismo en distintas capas de la atm√≥sfera solar. Las observaciones muestran que el PBX est√° relacionado con la aparici√≥n de un bipolo menor (~ 1020 Mx) y que su abrillantamiento continuo, as√≠ como sus aumentos de brillo espor√°dicos (``fulguraciones"), son el resultado de la reconexi√≥n entre el peque√Īo arco emergente (visto en HőĪ como un sistema de filamentos arqueados, SFA) y arcos mayores asociados al campo facular preexistente. Se ha extrapolado el campo magn√©tico observado en la aproximaci√≥n libre de fuerzas lineal y se ha seguido su evoluci√≥n a lo largo de la vida del PBX. Se ha calculado la posici√≥n de las cuasiseparatrices (CSs) a partir del campo modelado. Las l√≠neas de campo extrapoladas, cuyas bases fotosf√©ricas se encuentran a ambos lados de las CSs, est√°n de acuerdo con las estructuras cromosf√©ricas y coronales observadas. Se ha calculado el espesor de la CD ubicada a lo largo de la polaridad negativa emergente, encontr√°ndose que su variaci√≥n est√° de acuerdo con la evoluci√≥n de la intensidad del PBX; la CS es muy delgada durante la vida del PBX (~ 100 m), mientras que su espesor aumenta considerablemente (>= 10^4 m) cuando el PBX desaparece de las im√°genes del SXT. Estos resultados se√Īalan que el abrillantamiento y las ``fulguraciones" de este PBX se deben al proceso de reconexi√≥n en 3D que tiene lugar en las CSs.

  7. Taxonomía de asteroides y cometas basada en los espectros de Lyapunov

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tancredi, G.; Motta, V.; Froeschlé, C.

    Estudiaremos dos familias de objetos que sufren encuentros cercanos con planetas, a saber: la familia de cometas de J√ļpiter (JF) y los asteroides cercanos a la Tierra (NEAs). El movimiento de estos objetos es ca√≥tico en una escala de tiempo corta. M√°s a√ļn, debido a los cambios err√°ticos en los elementos orbitales, la comparaci√≥n de los valores actuales da poca informaci√≥n acerca de la posible vinculaci√≥n din√°mica entre los objetos de una misma familia. Calculamos una estimaci√≥n finita de los Exponentes Caracter√≠sticos de Lyapunov (LCE), los llamamos Indicadores Caracter√≠sticos de Lyapunov (LCI) para ambas familias y analizamos las caracter√≠sticas del espacio de fase donde tiene lugar el movimiento de estos objetos. Integrando en un per√≠odo suficientemente largo (e.g. 20000 a√Īos), encontramos que el LCI alcanza un valor cuasi-constante. La mayor√≠a de los miembros de ambas familias muestran una concentraci√≥n de los tiempos de Lyapunov (inverso del LCI) de alrededor de 50-100 a√Īos (Tancredi, 1995, Astron & Astrop., 299, 288). La concentraci√≥n de los tiempos de Lyapunov es mayor para la familia de J√ļpiter que para los NEAs. Entre estos √ļltimos, la menor dispersi√≥n se da para aquellos que cruzan la √≥rbita de la Tierra. Se demostr√≥ que el espectro de los `indicadores locales' (Froeschl√© et. al., 1990, Cel. Mec. 56, 307) o ``n√ļmeros de estiramiento'' (Voglis and Contopoulos, 1994, J. Phys. A 26, 4899) (relacionados con el LCI) son invariantes y nos dan una informaci√≥n m√°s completa sobre el comportamiento ca√≥tico. Mediante la comparaci√≥n de espectros discutimos la similitud entre los objetos de una misma familia y analizamos las diferentes posibles rutas al caos. Los espectros se clasifican mediante la comparaci√≥n de los momentos de las distribuciones de los `n√ļmeros de estiramiento'. Aplicamos un m√©todo de agrupamiento jer√°rquico (Zappala et. al., 1990, Astron. J. 100, 2030) para identificar ``familias'' de espectros (grupos de espectros similares). Mediante esta clasificaci√≥n se discutir√° la hip√≥tesis del origen de la familia de J√ļpiter a trav√©s del splitting de un cometa gigante.

  8. EL PROGRAMA CITI: UNA ALTERNATIVA PARA LA CAPACITACI√ďN EN √ČTICA DE LA INVESTIGACI√ďN EN AM√ČRICA LATINA

    PubMed Central

    Litewka, Sergio; Goodman, Kenneth; Braunschweiger, y Paul

    2011-01-01

    El Programa CITI (Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative) es un curso basado en Internet y desarrollado por voluntarios, que brinda material educacional sobre protecci√≥n de sujetos humanos en investigaciones biom√©dicas y de conducta, buenas pr√°cticas cl√≠nicas, conducta responsable de la investigaci√≥n y trato humanitario a animales de laboratorio. Es un esfuerzo conjunto del Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center y la Universidad de Miami. Con la colaboraci√≥n de expertos locales, gran parte del contenido se ha adaptado para Am√©rica Latina, se ha traducido al espa√Īol y portugu√©s y se han establecido acuerdos de colaboraci√≥n con instituciones especializadas en bio√©tica en Chile, Brasil, Costa Rica y Per√ļ. Los autores presentan una metodolog√≠a accesible para la capacitaci√≥n en √©tica de la investigaci√≥n y una justificaci√≥n de su uso y difusi√≥n en Am√©rica Latina PMID:21687817

  9. Review of antiviral and immunomodulating properties of plants of the Peruvian rainforest with a particular emphasis on Una de Gato and Sangre de Grado.

    PubMed

    Williams, J E

    2001-12-01

    Viral diseases, including emerging and chronic viruses, are an increasing worldwide health concern. As a consequence, the discovery of new antiviral agents from plants has assumed more urgency than in the past. A number of native Amazonian medicines of plant origin are known to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity, although only a few have been studied for their antiviral properties and immunomodulating effects. Those most studied include: Sangre de Grado (drago) (Croton lechleri) in the Euphorbiaceae family and Una de Gato (Uncaria tomentosa) in the Rubiaceae family. This article reviews the chemical composition, pharmacological properties, state of current research, clinical use, and potential antiviral and immunomodulating activity of these and other plants from the Peruvian Amazon. PMID:11804547

  10. Las propiedades de las estrellas extra√Īas en el marco de una nueva ecuaci√≥n de estado para la materia extra√Īa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lugones, G.; Benvenuto, O. G.

    Se estudian las propiedades generales de las estrellas constitu√≠das por materia extra√Īa (ME) en el marco de una nueva ecuaci√≥n de estado (EOS) en la que consideramos la masa de los quarks como dependiente del n√ļmero medio de bariones por unidad de volumen. Se asume esta dependencia de forma que los quarks sean livianos (pesados) a densidades altas (bajas). En esta aproximaci√≥n, la EOS de la ME es similar a la predicha por el modelo de la Bolsa del MIT, pero es significativamente mas dura a bajas densidades. Esta propiedad modifica las propiedades de las estrellas extra√Īas en forma notable. Encontramos que, con esta nueva EOS, los objetos pueden ser m√°s masivos que en el caso de la EOS de la bolsa del MIT y que, adem√°s, pueden presentar mayores redshifts gravitatorios en hasta un 10%. En el caso de las oscilaciones radiales de estos objetos, calculamos la relaci√≥n per√≠odo vs. redshift gravitacional y encontramos una expresi√≥n anal√≠tica simple para el caso de las oscilaciones de objetos de baja masa. Encontramos que, a√ļn con hip√≥tesis muy diferentes en cuanto a la ecuaci√≥n de estado de la materia extra√Īa, las propiedades generales de estos objetos no se ve afectada en forma fundamental, y, por lo tanto, no deber√≠an ser muy diferentes de las aqu√≠ expuestas.

  11. S√≠ndrome del Outlet Tor√°cico: ¬ŅUna Patolog√≠a Siempre Quir√ļrgica? An√°lisis de una Serie de 31 Cirug√≠as Realizadas por V√≠a Supraclavicular Serie cl√≠nica

    PubMed Central

    Socolovsky, Mariano; Di Masi, Gilda; Binaghi, Daniela; Campero, √Ālvaro; P√°ez, Miguel Dom√≠nguez; Dubrovsky, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Introducci√≥n: El s√≠ndrome de outlet tor√°cico es una compresi√≥n del plexo braquial que suscita pol√©mica. Se clasifica en Outlet Tor√°cico Verdadero o neurog√©nico (OTV) y Outlet Tor√°cico Disputado o no neurog√©nico (OTD). El primero presenta s√≠ntomas motores en la mano, mientras que el segundo s√≥lo s√≠ntomas sensitivos en el miembro superior. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar los resultados obtenidos en una serie de 31 cirug√≠as. M√©todos: Se analizaron las cirug√≠as de nervios efectuadas entre 2003-2012, tomando los diagn√≥sticos de outlet tor√°cico cuyo per√≠odo de seguimiento post-operatorio m√≠nimo fuera de 6 meses. Se buscaron los siguientes datos: edad, sexo, presencia de s√≠ntomas sensitivos y/o motores, clasificaci√≥n, resultado de los estudios neurofisiol√≥gicos y de im√°genes, resultado de la cirug√≠a, complicaciones post-operatorias y recidivas. Resultados: Se incluyeron 31 cirug√≠as realizadas en 30 pacientes, 9 OTV (8 mujeres) de 24.3 a√Īos, y 21 con OTD (18 mujeres) de 37.4 a√Īos de edad en promedio. Un 90% presentaron alteraciones neurofisiol√≥gicas preoperatorias, y 66,6% imagenol√≥gicas. En el intraoperatorio, el 100% de los OTV present√≥ una alteraci√≥n anat√≥mica relacionada con la sintomatolog√≠a, hecho observado s√≥lo en el 36.7% de los OTD operados. El 87,5% de los OTV mejoraron sensitivamente, mientras que 77,7% mejoraron la atrofia. Por el contrario, 45.4% de los OTD mejoraron permanentemente, 36.3% no tuvieron cambios, 13.6% mejoraron transitoriamente y 4.5% (un caso) empeor√≥. Las complicaciones post-operatorias fueron m√°s frecuentes aunque transitorias en el grupo de OTV (3 casos sobre 9 operados, 33.3%) que en los OTD (3 casos sobre 22, un 13.6%). Conclusi√≥n: El OTV suele mayormente mejorar luego de la cirug√≠a, igual que el OTD aunque en una proporci√≥n mucho menor. Estos hallazgos coinciden con otros reportes recientes de esta patolog√≠a. PMID:25165614

  12. "Familias: Preparando La Nueva Generaciůn": A Randomized Control Trial Testing the Effects on Positive Parenting Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Williams, Lela Rankin; Ayers, Stephanie L.; Booth, Jaime M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This article reports the effects of a culturally grounded parenting intervention to strengthen positive parenting practices. Method: The intervention was designed and tested with primarily Mexican origin parents in a large urban setting of the southwestern United States using an ecodevelopmental approach. Parents (N = 393) wereÖ

  13. Guia Para Ver La Television En Familia (Guidelines for Family Television Viewing). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This ERIC digest addresses problems associated with children's excessive viewing of television programs and commercials and provides suggestions to help parents guide their children's television viewing. Children who watch television 3 to 5 hours a day have little time for other activities such as play, reading, and talking with others. Excessive…

  14. Pages from Life: Families Write Together = Paginas de la Vida: Familias Escriben Juntas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukes, Marguerite, Ed.; Rawson, Katherine, Ed.

    On Saturdays, neighbors in the Mount Pleasant area of the District of Columbia come together to participate in the family involvement component of The Books Project, a teacher education program that trains teachers to implement writing workshops in language diverse classrooms. The Family Involvement Project expands The Books Project to include…

  15. Familia Adelante: A Multi-Risk Prevention Intervention for Latino Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervantes, Richard; Goldbach, Jeremy; Santos, Susana M.

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive approach for providing behavioral health services to youth is becoming increasingly emphasized. Latino youth are at increased risk for substance abuse, mental health concerns, unsafe sexual practices and HIV, and these outcomes have been empirically connected to individual, family and community-based stress. Despite this knowledge,Ö

  16. Using La Familia Communication Competency Skills To Empower Hispanic At-Risk Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Norma Landa

    Hispanic families can be empowered through parent training workshops focusing on the development of competency based interpersonal communication skills. Nearly 50% of the Latinos in the United States are at risk of dropping out before graduating from high school. They believe that their family obligations come first and that the school system is…

  17. Autismo: Lo Que Miembros de Familia Necesitan Saber (Autism: What the Family Members Need to Know).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bancroft School, Haddonfield, NJ.

    In Spanish, the booklet addresses basic information for families with children who have autism. Facts about the syndrome are listed, followed by signs and symptoms, a summary of programmatic requirements, answers to questions frequently asked by families, suggestions to help parents cope, concerns facing adolescents and adults with autism, and…

  18. "La Familia": The Important Ingredient for Latina/o College Student Engagement and Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matos, Jennifer M. D.

    2015-01-01

    This article utilizes Yosso's (2005) community cultural framework and the six forms of cultural capital (aspirational, familial, linguistic, navigational, resistant, social) as corrective reframes of the cultural deficit model. Although the prevailing literature on Latina/o parents and families portray this population as being unmotivated andÖ

  19. METABOLIC AND BEHAVIORAL PREDICTORS OF WEIGHT GAIN IN HISPANIC CHILDREN: THE VIVA LA FAMILIA STUDY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Despite the high prevalence of overweight among Hispanic children in the United States, definitive predictors of weight gain have not been identified in this population. The study objective was to test sociodemographic, metabolic, and behavioral predictors of 1-y weight gains in a large cohort of Hi...

  20. Predictors of weight gain in Hispanic children - The VIVA LA FAMILIA study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Background: Childhood obesity arises from a dysregulation of energy balance; however, the relative role of diet and physical activity in the etiology of excessive weight gain is poorly understood. Methods: The specific aims of this study were to measure 1-year changes in weight, height, and body com...

  1. Familia Adelante: A Multi-Risk Prevention Intervention for Latino Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervantes, Richard; Goldbach, Jeremy; Santos, Susana M.

    2011-01-01

    A comprehensive approach for providing behavioral health services to youth is becoming increasingly emphasized. Latino youth are at increased risk for substance abuse, mental health concerns, unsafe sexual practices and HIV, and these outcomes have been empirically connected to individual, family and community-based stress. Despite this knowledge,…

  2. "La Familia": The Important Ingredient for Latina/o College Student Engagement and Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Matos, Jennifer M. D.

    2015-01-01

    This article utilizes Yosso's (2005) community cultural framework and the six forms of cultural capital (aspirational, familial, linguistic, navigational, resistant, social) as corrective reframes of the cultural deficit model. Although the prevailing literature on Latina/o parents and families portray this population as being unmotivated and…

  3. Children's Literacy: Children's Books for Healthy Families/Libros de Ninos Para Familias Saludables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kock, Jo Anne

    2003-01-01

    A 2-year project taught reading methods and provided culturally appropriate books for Spanish-speaking and English-speaking families (year 1, 1,013 families; year 2, 1,408 families). Data from home visits and follow-up surveys (n=207) revealed that positive parent/child interaction and time spent reading to children increased and the number of…

  4. "Entre Familia": Immigrant Parents' Strategies for Involvement in Children's Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poza, Luis; Brooks, Maneka Deanna; Valdés, Guadalupe

    2014-01-01

    Teachers and administrators in schools with large, working-class Latino populations often complain of parents' indifference or lack of involvement in children's schooling because of their low visibility at school events and relatively little face-to-face communication with teachers and school administration. In a series of…

  5. El Impacto del Trastorno del Espectro Autista en la Familia: Mi Hijo Despues de la Crisis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez Carrion, Milagros

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this research is to know the perception of families who have a child diagnosed with autism and identify the strategies and process use to care of these children. We selected five Puerto Rican families who were head of household and had an autism child and through their voices and experiences we were able to conduct the…

  6. Planes para atender un c√°ncer avanzado

    Cancer.gov

    Una planificaci√≥n cuidadosa reducir√° el peso que su familia enfrentar√° m√°s adelante. La planificaci√≥n puede incluir asuntos econ√≥micos y legales, pero puede ser tambi√©n b√ļsqueda de significado y de celebraci√≥n de su vida.

  7. CONTAMINACI√ďN AMBIENTAL, VARIABILIDAD CLIM√ĀTICA Y CAMBIO CLIM√ĀTICO: UNA REVISI√ďN DEL IMPACTO EN LA SALUD DE LA POBLACI√ďN PERUANA

    PubMed Central

    Gonzales, Gustavo F.; Zevallos, Alisson; Gonzales-Casta√Īeda, Cynthia; Nu√Īez, Denisse; Gasta√Īaga, Carmen; Cabezas, C√©sar; Naeher, Luke; Levy, Karen; Steenland, Kyle

    2015-01-01

    RESUMEN El presente art√≠culo es una revisi√≥n sobre la contaminaci√≥n del agua, el aire y el efecto del cambio clim√°tico en la salud de la poblaci√≥n peruana. Uno de los principales contaminantes del aire es el material particulado menor de 2,5 őľ (PM 2,5), en la ciudad de Lima, anualmente 2300 muertes prematuras son atribuibles a este contaminante. Otro problema es la contaminaci√≥n del aire domiciliario por el uso de cocinas con combustible de biomasa, donde la exposici√≥n excesiva a PM 2,5 dentro de las casas es responsable de aproximadamente 3000 muertes prematuras anuales entre adultos, con otro n√ļmero desconocido de muertes entre ni√Īos debido a infecciones respiratorias. La contaminaci√≥n del agua tiene como principales causas los desag√ľes vertidos directamente a los r√≠os, minerales (ars√©nico) de varias fuentes, y fallas de las plantas de tratamiento. En el Per√ļ, el cambio clim√°tico puede impactar en la frecuencia y severidad del fen√≥meno de El Ni√Īo oscilaci√≥n del sur (ENSO) que se ha asociado con un incremento en los casos de enfermedades como c√≥lera, malaria y dengue. El cambio clim√°tico incrementa la temperatura y puede extender las √°reas afectadas por enfermedades transmitidas por vectores, adem√°s de tener efecto en la disponibilidad del agua y en la contaminaci√≥n del aire. En conclusi√≥n, el Per√ļ, pasa por una transici√≥n de factores de riesgo ambientales, donde coexisten riesgos tradicionales y modernos, y persisten los problemas infecciosos y cr√≥nicos, algunos de los cuales se asocian con problemas de contaminaci√≥n de agua y de aire. PMID:25418656

  8. La preparacion en ciencia de los candidatos a maestros del nivel elemental primario segun la reforma de la educacion cientifica en Puerto Rico: Una propuesta de secuencia curricular

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodriguez Plaza, Evelyn

    El proposito de esta investigacion fue identificar los componentes de la preparacion en ciencia que deben recibir los estudiantes del Bachillerato en Artes en Educacion Elemental, Nivel Primario, de acuerdo a los documentos que dirigen la reforma de la educacion cientifica en Puerto Rico. Tambien, se identificaron los componentes de los cursos que forman parte de la preparacion en ciencia de estos estudiantes. Se compararon los componentes de la preparacion en ciencia y los componentes de los cursos para determinar congruencias y discrepancias. Con los datos recopilados se identificaron los componentes de los cursos de una secuencia curricular para la preparacion en ciencia de los candidatos a maestros del nivel elemental primario. La secuencia curricular que se propone en esta investigacion incluye cursos de contenido cientifico y de metodologia en la ensenanza de la ciencia disenados para satisfacer las necesidades de los candidatos. Se recomienda que en los procesos para el diseno, la implantacion y la evaluacion de estos cursos participen profesores de ciencia, profesores de educacion y maestros del nivel elemental primario. Todos los cursos de la secuencia curricular deben tener un enfoque constructivista. Las experiencias educativas que se incluyan en los cursos deben aspirar a desarrollar en los candidatos los atributos de la cultura cientifica y actitudes positivas hacia la ciencia y hacia la ensenanza de esta disciplina. El modelaje por parte de los profesores que ensenen los cursos de la secuencia curricular es fundamental en el desarrollo profesional de los candidatos. Se recomienda que en los cursos de contenido cientifico se estudien los conceptos y los conocimientos cientificos que forman parte del curriculo de Kindergarten a tercer grado de forma integrada y con una profundidad universitaria. Estos cursos deben tener un enfoque interdisciplinario e incluir el estudio de la naturaleza de la ciencia y un componente de laboratorio para desarrollar los procesos de la ciencia y las destrezas de la investigacion cientifica. En los cursos de metodologia en la ensenanza de la ciencia se deben estudiar los modelos, los metodos, las estrategias y las tecnicas mas efectivas para la ensenanza y el aprendizaje de la ciencia, asi como las tecnicas de avaluacion.

  9. La distribuci√≥n multimodal de c√ļmulos globulares en la galaxia NGC 1399

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forte, J. C.; Ostrov, P. G.

    Se presenta una discusi√≥n de las caracter√≠sticas del diagrama de dos colores para un muestreo de 400 c√ļmulos globulares asociados con NGC 1399. Los resultados indican la presencia de, por lo menos, tres familias de c√ļmulos. La naturaleza de una cuarta componente, muy azul, no es clara aunque podr√≠a tratarse de c√ļmulos ``sueltos" asociados con el sistema de Fornax.

  10. A'Una ("Let's Go!")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brescia, Bill

    The guide, intended to aid students (grades four and above) in making their bodies a good home for their spirit, provides a variety of athletic activities and traditional Indian recipes for use in the classroom or in cultural programs. Apart from running (the major American Indian means of maintaining physical fitness), instructions are given for…

  11. TEMAS PARA UNA BIOETICA LATINOAMERICANA

    PubMed Central

    Yunta, Eduardo Rodriguez

    2009-01-01

    El presente trabajo reflexiona sobre el fundamento filosófico de la bioética como disciplina, método y movimiento desde su contexto histórico y en relación con el contexto social y cultural de la vivencia latinoamericana. PMID:20209030

  12. A screen of chemical modifications identifies position-specific modification by UNA to most potently reduce siRNA off-target effects

    PubMed Central

    Bramsen, Jesper B.; Pakula, Malgorzata M.; Hansen, Thomas B.; Bus, Claus; Langkj√¶r, Niels; Odadzic, Dalibor; Smicius, Romualdas; Wengel, Suzy L.; Chattopadhyaya, Jyoti; Engels, Joachim W.; Herdewijn, Piet; Wengel, Jesper; Kjems, J√łrgen

    2010-01-01

    Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are now established as the preferred tool to inhibit gene function in mammalian cells yet trigger unintended gene silencing due to their inherent miRNA-like behavior. Such off-target effects are primarily mediated by the sequence-specific interaction between the siRNA seed regions (position 2‚Äď8 of either siRNA strand counting from the 5‚Ä≤-end) and complementary sequences in the 3‚Ä≤UTR of (off-) targets. It was previously shown that chemical modification of siRNAs can reduce off-targeting but only very few modifications have been tested leaving more to be identified. Here we developed a luciferase reporter-based assay suitable to monitor siRNA off-targeting in a high throughput manner using stable cell lines. We investigated the impact of chemically modifying single nucleotide positions within the siRNA seed on siRNA function and off-targeting using 10 different types of chemical modifications, three different target sequences and three siRNA concentrations. We found several differently modified siRNAs to exercise reduced off-targeting yet incorporation of the strongly destabilizing unlocked nucleic acid (UNA) modification into position 7 of the siRNA most potently reduced off-targeting for all tested sequences. Notably, such position-specific destabilization of siRNA‚Äďtarget interactions did not significantly reduce siRNA potency and is therefore well suited for future siRNA designs especially for applications in vivo where siRNA concentrations, expectedly, will be low. PMID:20453030

  13. Learning Astronomy by Playing in a Park. (Spanish Title: Aprender AstronoMía Jugando en Una Plaza.) Aprender Astronomia Brincando em Uma Praça

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camino, Néstor

    2012-12-01

    Some public-square games are presented in this paper, considered as didactic modules to help children imagine astronomical processes, based on the concept that learning in Astronomy should be developed to strengthen the relationship of our body with three-dimensional space and time, much in the same way we experience when observing the actual sky, holding a permanent "dialogue" between the actual world and what is to be learned. The games presented (merry-go-rounds and slides) were designed to work on the astronomical concepts related to the translation of the Earth around the Sun, the phases of the Moon and gravity, and on what is perceived by an observer about those phenomena. The description of each game, their physical and astronomical foundations, and a critical comment about their didactical importance are the key parts of the paper. Finally, a recommendation is given about the role teachers should play to be essential partners in the process of learning Astronomy by means of the interaction with these games. Se presentan en este trabajo algunos juegos de plaza, considerados como m√≥dulos did√°cticos para imaginar procesos astron√≥micos, a partir de la concepci√≥n de que el aprendizaje en Astronom√≠a debe desarrollarse fortaleciendo la relaci√≥n del propio cuerpo con el espacio tridimensional y con el tiempo, tal como se vive al observar el cielo, construyendo un "di√°logo" entre el mundo real y los aprendizajes a construir. Los juegos presentados (calesitas y toboganes) fueron dise√Īados para trabajar sobre la traslaci√≥n de la Tierra en torno al Sol, las fases de la Luna y la gravedad, y sobre lo que un observador percibe de los mismos. Se da la descripci√≥n de cada juego, se discuten sus fundamentos f√≠sicos y astron√≥micos, y se desarrolla una cr√≠tica did√°ctica de los mismos. Finalmente, se comenta el rol que deber√≠an tener los docentes en el acompa√Īamiento a los aprendices en el proceso de interacci√≥n con los juegos presentados. Apresentam-se neste trabalho alguns jogos de pra√ßa, considerados como m√≥dulos did√°ticos para imaginar processos astron√īmicos, a partir da concep√ß√£o de que a aprendizagem em Astronomia deve-se desenvolver fortalecendo a rela√ß√£o do pr√≥prio corpo com o espa√ßo tridimensional e com o tempo, tal como se vive ao observar o c√©u, construindo um "di√°logo" entre o mundo real e as aprendizagens a construir. Os jogos apresentados (carross√©is e tobog√£s) foram desenhados para trabalhar sobre a transla√ß√£o da Terra em torno do Sol, as fases da Lua e a gravidade, e sobre o que um observador percebe dos mesmos. D√°-se a descri√ß√£o de cada jogo, discutem-se seus fundamentos f√≠sicos e astron√īmicos, e desenvolve-se uma cr√≠tica did√°tica dos mesmos. Finalmente, comenta-se o papel que deveriam ter os docentes no apoio aos aprendizes no processo de intera√ß√£o com os jogos apresentados.

  14. Revision curricular a partir de un analisis comparativo de las discrepancias en los curriculos de una escuela de optometria en Puerto Rico con las competencias requeridas para las agencias de revalida y acreditacion 2004

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rivera Pacheco, Andres

    El proposito de esta investigacion, un estudio cualitativo de caso, fue comparar y contrastar el curriculo vigente de la Escuela de Optometria de la UIAPR con las competencias y estandares requeridos por las agencias de acreditacion y de revalida. Con este proposito, decidimos realizar una revision y un analisis de documentos: el prontuario de cada uno de los cursos de los curriculos implantados en el 1993 y en el 2001; las competencias y estandares establecidos por las agencias de revalida y de acreditacion; y las estadisticas en las que se analiza el porcentaje de estudiantes que aprueban cada una de las partes de los examenes de revalida entre el 1998 al 2003. Se realizaron entrevistas dirigidas para dar apoyo y complementar la revision y el analisis de estos documentos. Los participantes de las entrevistas fueron tres estudiantes de la clase de optometria del 2004 (ultima clase del curriculo del 1993); tres estudiantes de la clase de optometria del 2005 (primera clase graduanda del curriculo vigente) y tres profesores y/o directores de los Departamentos de Ciencias Basicas, Ciencias Clinicas y Cuidado al Paciente. Esta investigacion se enmarco en el modelo de evaluacion curricular de discrepancia de Malcolm Provus y en el modelo de desarrollo basado en competencias. Uno de los hallazgos mas importantes del estudio es que los cambios que se implantaron al curriculo del 2001 no han logrado que los estudiantes mejoren su ejecucion en los examenes de revalida. Por otro lado, se encontro que el curriculo vigente atiende completamente los estandares de la practica de Optometria, pero no las competencias. Esta informacion fue validada mediante el uso de una tabla de cotejo para el analisis de los cursos y de la informacion obtenida de las entrevistas. El estudio determina y concluye que existen discrepancias entre los prontuarios de los cursos del curriculo y las competencias requeridas por la agencia de revalida. Segundo, que el Departamento de Ciencias Basicas es el que presenta mas deficiencias en el desarrollo de las competencias. El investigador recomienda disenar e implantar un curriculo basado en competencias y proveer formacion en didactica y procesos de aprendizaje a los profesores.

  15. Familias Latinas: Participando en la educacion de sus hijos (Latino Families: Getting Involved in Your Children's Education). Early Childhood Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Eliot

    Noting that many Latino parents have questions about parent participation in their children's education and how to go about getting involved, this Spanish-language early childhood digest answers some of those questions by providing suggestions for ways parents can involve themselves in a child's education both at school and at home. Following a…

  16. Familias Fuertes: a feasibility study with Mexican immigrants living in low-income conditions in the southeastern United States.

    PubMed

    Orpinas, Pamela; Reidy, Mary Clare; Lacy, Mary Elizabeth; Kogan, Steven M; Londo√Īo-McConnell, Angela; Powell, Gwynn

    2014-11-01

    Families Fuertes (FF) is a seven-session, family-centered program for supporting positive youth development of Latino children aged 10 to 14 years. The Pan American Health Organization adapted it from the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth for Spanish-speaking countries. The suitability of FF for recent immigrants to the United States is, however, unknown. This feasibility study assessed the appropriateness of FF with 12 low-income Mexican immigrant families residing in Georgia. Participants, a community liaison, and program staff evaluated (a) recruitment, retention, and evaluation strategies; and (b) the acceptability and promise of the curriculum. Recruitment and retention were very high; feedback of evaluation strategies was uniformly positive. Participants perceived that the program improved family relationships and that family members changed for the better. We detail practical and cultural adaptations to enhance the potential effectiveness of the program for this population. A version adapted to address acculturation-related stressors would increase the potential public health impact. PMID:24603505

  17. Nutrient adequacy and diet quality in low-income Hispanic Children ‚Äď The VIVA LA FAMILIA Study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The role of nutrient adequacy and diet quality in the etiology of childhood obesity is poorly understood. Epidemiological studies have suggested that low-cost, energy dense diets high in grains, added sugars, and fat contribute to the development of obesity, especially in low-income groups. The spec...

  18. Familias: Preparando la Nueva Generación: A Randomized Control Trial Testing the Effects on Positive Parenting Practices

    PubMed Central

    Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Williams, Lela Rankin; Ayers, Stephanie L.; Booth, Jaime M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives This article reports the effects of a culturally grounded parenting intervention to strengthen positive parenting practices. Method The intervention was designed and tested with primarily Mexican origin parents in a large urban setting of the southwestern United States using an ecodevelopmental approach. Parents (N = 393) were randomly assigned three treatment conditions: (1) a parenting and youth intervention, (2) a youth only intervention, or (3) a control group. A measurement model for positive parenting was first evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis, followed by structural equation modeling to estimate the effects of the intervention on positive parenting (i.e., baseline to follow-up). Results As hypothesized, parents in the intervention group reported higher rates of positive parenting compared to parents in youth-only condition. Conclusion The results are promising and add to growing evidence that interventions tailored to the cultural characteristics and environments of parents and their children can strengthen positive parenting. PMID:25506185

  19. Los Sentimientos, Luchas, y Esperanzas de Cinco Familias Mexicana: The Sentiments, Struggles, and Hopes of Five Mexican Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Due√Īas, Gilbert

    2015-01-01

    Within the everyday space of their modest trailer homes, I observed compelling environments in the households of 5 Mexican families. In their homes, there existed "los padres con sus hijos" (parents with their children) who intuitively expressed "cari√Īo," or love, for one another, conversed in multiple languages, practiced‚Ķ

  20. Serum uric acid concentrations and SLC2A9 genetic variation in Hispanic children: The Viva La Familia Study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Elevated concentrations of serum uric acid are associated with increased risk of gout and renal and cardiovascular diseases. Genetic studies in adults have consistently identified associations of solute carrier family 2, member 9 (SLC2A9), polymorphisms with variation in serum uric acid. However, it...

  1. Solving Guzman's Problem: "An Other" Narrative of "La Gran Familia Puertorriquena" in Judith Ortiz Cofer's "The Line of the Sun"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldron, John V.

    2009-01-01

    The first half of Judith Ortiz Cofer's novel "The Line of the Sun" (1989) narrates events that take place in the small fictional town of Salud, Puerto Rico, during the 1940s and 50s. In the second part of the novel, starting with chapter six, the readers see how two characters from the first half, Rafael and Ramona, and their young children,…

  2. Los Sentimientos, Luchas, y Esperanzas de Cinco Familias Mexicana: The Sentiments, Struggles, and Hopes of Five Mexican Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DueŮas, Gilbert

    2015-01-01

    Within the everyday space of their modest trailer homes, I observed compelling environments in the households of 5 Mexican families. In their homes, there existed "los padres con sus hijos" (parents with their children) who intuitively expressed "cariŮo," or love, for one another, conversed in multiple languages, practicedÖ

  3. Nuestra Familia: Primaria para Adultos. Segunda Parte. Edicion Experimental (Our Family: Primer for Adults. Part Two. Experimental Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This textbook is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. It is designed to orient people with little education or developing literacy skills to a sense of responsibility toward their families.…

  4. A QTL on Chromosome 18q influences energy intake and expenditure in Hispanic children: the VIVA LA FAMILIA study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The genetic contribution to dysregulation of energy intake and/or energy expenditure contributing to common obesities in children is poorly understood. A genome scan was performed to identify chromosomal regions contributing to obesity-related traits in Hispanic children participating in the VIVA LA...

  5. "Familias: Preparando La Nueva Generación": A Randomized Control Trial Testing the Effects on Positive Parenting Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Williams, Lela Rankin; Ayers, Stephanie L.; Booth, Jaime M.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: This article reports the effects of a culturally grounded parenting intervention to strengthen positive parenting practices. Method: The intervention was designed and tested with primarily Mexican origin parents in a large urban setting of the southwestern United States using an ecodevelopmental approach. Parents (N = 393) were…

  6. Adapting a Common Photographic Camera to Take Pictures of the Sky. (Spanish Title: Adaptando Una Camara Fotografica Comun Para Obtener Fotografias del Cielo.) Adaptando Uma C√Ęmera Fotogr√°fica Manual Simples Para Fotografar o C√©u

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Danhoni Neves, Marcos Cesar; Pereira, Ricardo Francisco

    2007-12-01

    In this paper will be introduced a method of astrophotography using a non-reflex photographic camera (a low-cost method). It will be revised some photographic processes commonly used nowadays for comparison with the aims of this paper. En este trabajo ser√° introducido un m√©todo de astrofotografia que utiliza una c√°mara fotogr√°fica non-reflex (un m√©todo de bajo costo). Ser√°n revisados algunos procesos fotogr√°ficos com√ļnmente utilizados actualmente para comparaci√≥n con los objetivos de este trabajo. O presente artigo procura introduzir um m√©todo de astrofotografia utilizando uma c√Ęmera fotogr√°fica n√£o reflex, de baixo custo. √Č feita uma revis√£o do processo fotogr√°fico comumente empregado para fins de compara√ß√£o com os objetivos pretendidos no presente trabalho.

  7. In vivo efficacy and off-target effects of locked nucleic acid (LNA) and unlocked nucleic acid (UNA) modified siRNA and small internally segmented interfering RNA (sisiRNA) in mice bearing human tumor xenografts

    PubMed Central

    Mook, ORF; Vreijling, Jeroen; Wengel, Suzy L; Wengel, Jesper; Zhou, Chuanzheng; Chattopadhyaya, Jyoti; Baas, Frank

    2010-01-01

    The clinical use of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is hampered by poor uptake by tissues and instability in circulation. In addition, off-target effects pose a significant additional problem for therapeutic use of siRNA. Chemical modifications of siRNA have been reported to increase stability and reduce off-target effects enabling possible therapeutic use of siRNA. Recently a large scale direct comparison of the impact of 21 different types of novel chemical modifications on siRNA efficiency and cell viability was published.1 It was found that several types of chemical modifications could enhance siRNA activity beyond that of an unmodified siRNA in vitro. In addition, a novel siRNA design, termed small internally segmented interfering RNA (sisiRNA), composed of an intact antisense strand and segmented guide strand stabilized using LNA was shown to be effective in cell based assays. In the present study we examined the in vivo efficacy of the LNA and UNA modified siRNA and sisiRNA in a mouse model bearing human tumor xenografts. We studied the biodistribution and efficacy of target knockdown in the mouse model. In addition we used whole genome profiling to assess the off-target effects in the liver of the mouse and the tumor xenografts. We report that LNA and UNA modified siRNA and sisiRNA improve the efficacy in target knockdown as compared with unmodified siRNA in the tumor xenografts without formulation. However, the level of off-target gene regulation in both the tumor and the liver correlated with the increase in efficacy in target knockdown, unless the seed region of the siRNA was modified. PMID:21687525

  8. The Moon Phases in a Paper Box. (Spanish Title: Las Fases de la Luna en Una Caja de Cartón.) As Fases da Lua Numa Caixa de Papelão

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de F√°tima O. Saraiva, Maria; Amador, Cl√°udio B.; Kemper, √Črico; Goulart, Paulo; Muller, Angela

    2007-12-01

    We present a very simple concrete model to demonstrate the concept of phases of an illuminated body. The main objective of our model is to help the understanding of the Moon phases as viewed from the perspective of an observer on Earth. The material allows the visualization of two important effects: (1st) even though all the time half Moon is illuminated by the Sun, we see different fractions of the illuminated Moon surface, depending on our angle of sight; (2nd) the orientation of the convex part of the Moon in the crescent and waning phases on the sky also depends on our perspective from Earth. The use of a closed box allows one to see the contrast among the different phases with no need of a dark room. We also present a text on the Moon phases, emphasizing the dependence of the aspect of the bright part on the angle of sight. En este trabajo proponemos la construcci√≥n de material did√°ctico de bajo costo para demostraci√≥n del concepto de fases de un cuerpo iluminado. El principal objetivo de nuestro material es facilitar la comprensi√≥n de las fases de la Luna desde la perspectiva de un observador en la Tierra. El material ayuda la visualizaci√≥n de dos efectos importantes: (1¬ļ) a pesar de tener siempre la mitad de la Luna (representada por una bolita de espuma pl√°stica o de ping-pong), iluminada por el Sol ( representado por una fuente de luz natural o artificial), vemos diferentes fracciones de su superficie iluminada, dependiendo del √°ngulo por el cual la vemos; (2¬ļ) la orientaci√≥n del borde convexo de la Luna en las fases Creciente y Menguante tambi√©n depende de la perspectiva por la cual la miramos desde la Tierra. El uso de una caja cerrada permite observar el contraste entre las diferentes fases sin necesidad de estar en un recinto oscuro. Presentamos tambi√©n un texto explicativo sobre las fases de la Luna, enfatizando la dependencia de la apariencia de la parte iluminada con el √°ngulo de visi√≥n. Neste trabalho propomos a constru√ß√£o de material did√°tico de baixo custo para demonstra√ß√£o do conceito de fases de um corpo iluminado. O principal objetivo de nosso material √© facilitar a compreens√£o das fases da Lua da perspectiva de um observador na Terra. O material ajuda na visualiza√ß√£o de dois efeitos importantes: (1¬ļ) mesmo tendo sempre a metade da "Lua" (representada por uma bolinha de isopor ou de ping-pong) iluminada pelo "Sol" (representado por uma fonte de luz natural ou artificial), n√≥s vemos diferentes fra√ß√Ķes de sua superf√≠cie iluminada, dependendo do √Ęngulo pelo qual a olhamos; (2¬ļ) a orienta√ß√£o da borda convexa da Lua nas fases Crescente e Minguante tamb√©m depende da perspectiva pela qual a olhamos da Terra. O uso de uma caixa fechada permite observar o contraste entre as diferentes fases sem necessidade de estar em uma sala escurecida. Apresentamos tamb√©m um texto explicativo sobre fases da Lua, enfatizando a depend√™ncia da apar√™ncia da parte iluminada com o √Ęngulo de visada.

  9. Autoreporte de exposición a publicidad y promoción de tabaco en una cohorte de fumadores mexicanos: Antes y durante la publicación de la Ley General para el Control del tabaco en 2008

    PubMed Central

    Hern√°ndez, Rosaura P√©rez; Thrasher, James F.; Bola√Īos, Rosibel Rodr√≠guez; Guti√©rrez, Inti Barrientos; Hern√°ndez, Norma A Iba√Īez

    2015-01-01

    Resumen Objetivo Determinar en población fumadora el nivel de exposición a la mercadotecnia por parte de la Industria Tabacalera (IT), a través de diferentes métodos de promocionar sus productos de tabaco, antes y durante la publicación de la Ley General para el Control del Tabaco (LGCT) en 2008. Material y métodos Estudio de cohorte en fumadores adultos (n=941 pre-LGCT y n=1051 post-LGCT) de cuatro ciudades mexicanas. Se realizaron análisis multivariados mediante modelos de ecuaciones de estimación generalizada (GEE). Resultados Se incremento el autoreporte de recepción de muestras gratis de cigarros (3.7% a 8.1%), ropa o artículos con marcas o logos (3.6% a 6.4%), haber visto información sobre eventos especiales (1.9% a 4.7%), y bares, antros y discos para mayores de edad (21.4% a 28%). Se observaron decrementos de publicidad en exteriores (54.7% a 47.2%). Conclusión Es necesaria una política integral con prohibiciones totales de la publicidad y promoción de los productos de tabaco que integre mayor vigilancia y sanciones para lograr la disminución y prevención del consumo de tabaco. PMID:22689158

  10. Ciencia, Sociedad, Soluciones: Una Introduccion al USGS

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2001-01-01

    El USGS sirve a la nacion de los Estados Unidos proveyendo informacion fidedigna para ? Describir y comprender la Tierra; ? Minimizar la perdida de vidas y propiedades por desastres naturales; ? Manejar los recursos hidrologicos, biologicos, energeticos y minerales; y ? Mejorar y proteger nuestra calidad de vida.

  11. Basic Concepts of Astronomy: a Methodological Proposal. (Spanish Title: Conceptos Básicos de Astronomía: Una Propuesta Metodológica.) Conceitos Básicos de Astronomia: Uma Proposta Metodológica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; Heineck, Renato; Samudio Pérez, Carlos Ariel

    2011-12-01

    In this report, the development of a methodological proposal which approaches basic concepts of astronomy-grounded pedagogically on Meaningful Learning is described. The proposal, which consists of four meetings, was developed by teachers and academics of the course of Professor in Physics of the University of Passo Fundo (UPF), through an extension course to a group of highschool students of a public school of the town of Passo Fundo, RS. The work was focused into basic concepts of astronomy. The signs of Meaningful Learning have been obtained by means of research and evaluation tools that were applied at the end of each meeting. The evaluation of the proposal has been conducted by means of a final questionnaire which was answered by the participants at the end ofthe development of activities. By means of the results obtained from the different instruments, and the comments made by the participants during the activities and by means of the high rates of approval obtained in the final questionnaire, we think that the proposal reached the established goals and it may be repeated with the certainty of success. En este relato se describe una propuesta de desarrollo metodol√≥gico que aborda conceptos b√°sicos de astronom√≠a fundamentada pedag√≥gicamente en el Aprendizaje Significativo. La propuesta que comprende cuatro encuentros, fue desarrollada por profesores y acad√©micos del curso de Licenciatura en F√≠sica de la Universidad de Passo Fundo (UPF), a trav√©s de un curso de extensi√≥n para un grupo de Liceo del 6¬ļ a√Īo de una Escuela P√ļblica de la ciudad de Passo Fundo/RS. El trabajo tuvo como eje principal los "conceptos b√°sicos de astronom√≠a". Los indicios de Aprendizaje Significativo fueron obtenidos por instrumentos de pesquisa y evaluaci√≥n, siempre aplicados despu√©s de cada encuentro. La evaluaci√≥n de la propuesta fue hecha a trav√©s de un cuestionario final y contestado por los participantes al finalizar el desarrollo de actividades. Por los resultados obtenidos en diferentes momentos, por los comentarios efectuados por los participantes durante las actividades y por los altos √≠ndices de aprobaci√≥n al final de la etapa, consideramos que la propuesta atingi√≥ los objetivos establecidos y puede ser repetida con certeza de √©xito. Neste relato, descreve-se o desenvolvimento de uma proposta metodol√≥gica que aborda conceitos b√°sicos de astronomia fundamentada pedagogicamente na Aprendizagem Significativa. A proposta, que compreende quatro encontros, foi desenvolvida por professores e acad√™micos do curso de Licenciatura em F√≠sica da Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF), atrav√©s de um curso de extens√£o, a um grupo de dez estudantes do ensino m√©dio de uma escola p√ļblica da cidade de Passo Fundo, RS. O trabalho centrou-se em conceitos b√°sicos de astronomia. Os ind√≠cios da aprendizagem significativa foram obtidos por instrumentos de pesquisa e avalia√ß√£o aplicados ao t√©rmino de cada encontro. A avalia√ß√£o da proposta foi efetuada atrav√©s de um question√°rio final respondido pelos participantes ao t√©rmino do desenvolvimento das atividades. Pelos resultados obtidos nos diferentes instrumentos, pelos coment√°rios efetuados pelos participantes durante as atividades e pelos altos √≠ndices de aprova√ß√£o alcan√ßados no question√°rio final, consideramos que a proposta atingiu os objetivos estabelecidos e pode ser repetida com convic√ß√£o de sucesso.

  12. A Proposed Activity for a Meaningful Learning about the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Uma Proposta de Atividade Para a Aprendizagem Significativa sobre as Fases da Lua.) Una Actividad Propuesta Para EL Aprendizaje Significativo Acerca de Las Fases de la Luna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martins, Bruno Andrade; Langhi, Rodolfo

    2012-12-01

    This paper presents one of the concepts of Astronomy and its consequent failure in teaching this topic in high school, even when the official documents point out the necessity of Astronomy teaching at this school level. Among the spontaneous conceptions in Astronomy that high school students carry with them, even after the end of the school, we emphasized in this research the Moon phases. The development of different strategies in relation to traditional methods, aimed to teaching-learning process on this topic was considered in this study. These strategies were devised based on the reference frame of the Meaningful Learning, as elaborated by Ausubel. The proposals presented here include the active participation of students in experimental activities and other didactic activities, for their continuous evaluation during the process. These activities finished with a Comics elaboration about the Moon phases. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present a proposal for differentiated teaching activity about Moon phases supported by the theoretical principles of Meaningful Learning at Physics classes. Este texto foca um dos conte√ļdos de Astronomia e a consequente falha no ensino deste tema no ensino m√©dio, apesar de os documentos oficiais apresentarem a necessidade de se trabalhar a Astronomia neste n√≠vel de ensino. Dentre as concep√ß√Ķes alternativas em Astronomia que os alunos do ensino m√©dio carregam consigo, mesmo ap√≥s o t√©rmino dos estudos, destacamos, nesta pesquisa, o fen√īmeno das fases da Lua. O desenvolvimento de estrat√©gias diferenciadas em rela√ß√£o ao ensino tradicional, visando o processo de ensino-aprendizagem sobre este tema, foi contemplado neste trabalho como um dos resultados obtidos sob a luz dos referenciais da aprendizagem significativa, fundamentados em Ausubel. Segundo a proposta aqui apresentada, a participa√ß√£o ativa dos alunos na execu√ß√£o de uma atividade experimental e outras atividades did√°ticas, que visam sua cont√≠nua avalia√ß√£o durante o processo, culmina com a elabora√ß√£o de uma hist√≥ria em quadrinhos envolvendo as fases da Lua. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho √© apresentar uma proposta de atividade did√°tica diferenciada sustentada pelos princ√≠pios te√≥ricos da aprendizagem significativa aplicada ao ensino das fases da Lua durante as aulas de F√≠sica no ensino m√©dio. En este trabajo se presenta uno de los contenidos de la Astronom√≠a y el evidente fracaso en la ense√Īanza del tema en la escuela secundaria, a pesar del hecho que los documentos oficiales apuntan para la necesidad de trabajar contenidos de Astronom√≠a en este nivel. Entre los conceptos alternativos en Astronom√≠a que los alumnos secundarios llevan consigo, a√ļn despu√©s de terminados los estudios, destacamos aqu√≠ el fen√≥meno de las fases de la Luna. El desarrollo de diferentes estrategias en relaci√≥n con los m√©todos tradicionales, dirigidas al proceso de ense√Īanza-aprendizaje en este tema fue considerado en este trabajo como uno de los resultados obtenidos a la luz de los referenciales del aprendizaje significativo, tal como fueron fundamentados por Ausubel. Seg√ļn la propuesta que aqu√≠ se presenta, la participaci√≥n activa de los estudiantes en la ejecuci√≥n de una actividad experimental y otras actividades educativas destinadas a la evaluaci√≥n continua durante el proceso culmin√≥ en la elaboraci√≥n de una historieta respecto de las fases de la Luna. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una propuesta de actividad de ense√Īanza diferenciada con el apoyo de los principios te√≥ricos del aprendizaje significativo aplicado a la ense√Īanza de las fases de la luna durante las clases de f√≠sica del ciclo secundario.

  13. Nutrient adequacy and diet quality in non-overweight and overweight Hispanic children of low socioeconomic status: The Viva La Familia Study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The role of diet quality and nutrient adequacy in the etiology of childhood obesity is poorly understood. The specific aims of these analyses were to assess overall diet quality and nutrient adequacy, and test for association between weight status and diet in children from low socioeconomic status (...

  14. Guia para Madres y Padres de Familia sobre Educacion Pre-Escolar a Temprana Edad (A Parents' Guide to Early Childhood Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Phinney, Joanna

    This booklet for parents explains what children learn in preschools that employ the Creative Curriculum for Early Childhood and the ways in which learning can be reinforced at home. The first sections of the booklet explain the goals and philosophy of experience-based preschools. Goals include teaching children to love reading and school and to be…

  15. Family and Community Involvement: Reaching Out to Diverse Populations = La participacion de la familia y la comunidad: El acercamiento a las diversas poblaciones.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

    This handbook, in English and Spanish, is designed for educators who want to develop meaningful parent and community involvement in public education in culturally and linguistically diverse communities. The advice of leaders of Hispanic, African American, Native American, and Asian communities is incorporated into five strategies to help develop…

  16. La Evolucion del Curriculo de las Matematicas: Un Folleto para los Padres de Familia. (The Changing Mathematics Curriculum: A Booklet for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This booklet, written in Spanish, provides a guide for parents to help their children become successful in school mathematics. The information is divided into four sections: (1) important facts about the mathematics curriculum and mathematics instruction; (2) expectations about participation, calculators, cooperative learning, dialogue, and…

  17. Guia para Madres y Padres de Familia sobre Educacion Pre-Escolar a Temprana Edad (A Parents' Guide to Early Childhood Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Phinney, Joanna

    This booklet for parents explains what children learn in preschools that employ the Creative Curriculum for Early Childhood and the ways in which learning can be reinforced at home. The first sections of the booklet explain the goals and philosophy of experience-based preschools. Goals include teaching children to love reading and school and to beÖ

  18. Genome-wide scan for plasma ghrelin detects linkage on chromosome 1p36 in Hispanic children: Results from the Viva La Familia study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Disorders in energy homeostasis are believed to be among the key contributing factors in the development of obesity. The rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity, particularly in children, is a major public health issue. Ghrelin is a brain-gut peptide with an important role in the regulation of e...

  19. Reports from the field: engaging learners as interpreters for developing health messages -- designing the 'Familias Sin Plomo' English as a Second Language curriculum project.

    PubMed

    Handley, Margaret A; Santos, Maricel G; McClelland, Jeff

    2009-09-01

    California has a recently documented problem of trans-national environmental lead exposures in imported foods from Mexico but there is limited health information available in immigrant communities about this problem. This report highlights collaborative work with English as a Second Language (ESL) learners to critically review research data on lead exposures and reframe prevention messages about lead contamination of imported foods. These messages are now integrated into ESL curricula for dissemination to Spanish-speaking populations that are disproportionately affected by lead poisoning. This 'learners as interpreters' approach is a participatory method that can be applied across a wide range of public health activities. ESL learners emerged as ideal partners in developing curriculum for lead poisoning prevention for several reasons: the parents expressed strong interest in lead poisoning prevention, several have children under age 6 when lead screenings are recommended, and many have emigrated from regions in Mexico where lead hazards were identified. PMID:19773301

  20. Pick and Choose: A Videotape Series on Nutrition for Migrant Families (Coja y Escoja: Peliculas para Television Sobre la Nutricion para las Familias Migratorias).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1979

    One of the major problems faced by migrant workers throughout the United States is a lack of awareness of the relationship between proper diet and an individual's general health and well being. To help solve this problem was the major objective of the series "Pick and Choose." The three 15-minute programs in the series present information related…

  1. A Family Guide to Systems of Care for Children with Mental Health Needs = Guia para la familia de "Systems of Care" para la salud mental de sus hijos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Janice; Harris, Pam; Hawes, Janet; Shepler, Rick; Tolin, Canice; Truman, Connie

    This bilingual (English-Spanish) guide is intended to assist parents and caregivers in seeking help for children with mental health problems. As part of the system of care, parents and caregivers need to work together to help the child in need. Caregivers and counselors can help families define their strengths, determine the things they want to…

  2. Latino Families in the United States. A Resourcebook for Family Life Education = Las Familias Latinas en los Estados Unidos. Recursos para la Capacitacion Familiar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrade, Sally J., Ed.

    The primary objectives of this resource book are to increase family life educators' knowledge and understanding of Latinos and to encourage advocacy by Latinos for appropriate family life programs in their communities. English and Spanish versions of the same text are included. There are six chapters. Chapter 1 outlines the book's objectives and…

  3. Un Paso Adelante a los Tres Anos de Edad: Guia para las Familias (Step Ahead at Age 3: A Guide for Families).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Pamela, Ed.; And Others

    This publication guides Spanish-speaking parents in Kansas communities as they plan for the transition of young children with special needs from the Infant-Toddler Services program to Early Childhood Special Education Services and/or other community services. Information is provided on the seven-step process: (1) planning ahead; (2) the transitionÖ

  4. "El Alfabetismo Y Las Familias Latinas": A Critical Perspective on the Literacy Values and Practices of Latino Families with Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billings, Elsa S.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated literacy values and practices among Latino families with preschool-age children. Results are part of a larger study that looked at the efficacy of a pediatric-based early literacy promotion program called Reach Out and Read (ROR). Participants included families participating in a ROR program in which…

  5. Los Cambios en el Programa de Estudios de la Lengua: Folleto para los Padres de Familia (The Changing Language Arts Curriculum: A Booklet for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Div.

    This Spanish-language version of a booklet intended for parents offers information about how reading instruction is changing and is now only one part of an integrated language arts curriculum. The booklet urges parents and educators to work together to help meet students' needs. Section titles include: Important Facts About Integrated Language…

  6. Clasificación orbital

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carpintero, D. D.; Aguilar, L. A.

    Presentamos un m√©todo para clasificar √≥rbitas generales en potenciales de 2 y 3 dimensiones, basado en el concepto de din√°mica espectral introducido por Binney y Spergel (ApJ 252, 308, 1982). Este m√©todo distingue correctamente √≥rbitas regulares e irregulares, familias de √≥rbitas (cajas, tubos, etc.), y resonancias, a√ļn cuando son de alto orden o de rango mayor que 1. Se propone asimismo una nueva nomenclatura para la clasificaci√≥n de √≥rbitas.

  7. Astronomy, Art and Mythology in a Public Elementary School in Itaocara/rj. (Spanish Title: Astronomía, Arte y Mitologia en el Ensino Fundamental en Una Escuela de la Red Estatal en ITAOCARA/RJ.) Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia no Ensino Fundamental em Escola da Rede Estadual em ITAOCARA/RJ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira Bernardes, Adriana; Ramos dos Santos, Arleidimar

    2008-12-01

    Volunteer advisors at Itaocara Astronomy Club Marcos Pontes(CAIMP), in their majority high school students, introduced students at Teot√īnio Brand√£o Vilela Elementary School to basic concepts in Astronomy, Physics, and Mythology. Computer Science, Arts, puppetry, and educational videos were used to stimulate students to share their feelings and test their knowledge of the concepts presented. The work done by the volunteers helped boost the student's self-esteem and improved their oral skills by applying their knowledge of Physics and Astronomy in Lab experiments. The main goals of the CAIMP are the possibility of including astronomy in Elementary school curricula and developing an interdisciplinary work involving Astronomy, Arts, and Mythology. Through tests and reports, the students who participated in the Brazilian Astronomy Olympics, showed an increase in their knowldge of the sujects presented during the volunteer work. Durante el curso de un trabajo voluntario con estudiantes de nivel primario (1 ¬ļ a 4 ¬ļ grado), los gu√≠as de Astronom√≠a miembros del CAIMP (Club de Astronom√≠a de Itaocara "Marcos Puentes"), en su mayor√≠a estudiantes secundarios, desarrollaron un trabajo de introducci√≥n a las Ciencias y Astronom√≠a con alumnos del colegio estatal Teot√īnio Vilela Brand√£o. A trav√©s de talleres de inform√°tica, artes, videos educativos y teatro de t√≠teres, los estudiantes pudieron expresar sus conocimientos y emociones frente a las leyendas mitol√≥gicas con las que se inici√≥ el trabajo de introducci√≥n. La labor desarrollada por los gu√≠as con los alumnos promovi√≥ la integraci√≥n entre las aulas del colegio haci√©ndolos participar en actividades con el fin de estimular su expresi√≥n verbal y aumentar su autoestima. Trabajando diversas formas de expresi√≥n, los alumnos pudieron realizar experimentos y conocer algunos conceptos de F√≠sica y Astronom√≠a al mismo tiempo que adquir√≠an autonom√≠a para la libre expresi√≥n de sus sentimientos y de los conocimientos recibidos. El trabajo en s√≠ ha mostrado adem√°s de la posibilidad de la inclusi√≥n de la Astronom√≠a en la Educaci√≥n Primaria, la posibilidad de un trabajo interdisciplinario en los niveles iniciales incluyendo Astronom√≠a, Arte y Mitolog√≠a. Los resultados presentados por los estudiantes en las Olimpiadas promovidas en la escuela y por la OBA (Olimpiada Brasilera de Astronom√≠a) permitieron verificar un creciente aprendizaje y estimulo hacia las materias cient√≠ficas, comprobados por la apropiada expresi√≥n de los conceptos adquiridos de astronom√≠a y presentados en evaluaciones o en informes obtenidos de ellos mismos, sus familias y profesores. Desenvolvendo um trabalho volunt√°rio junto aos alunos do ensino fundamental no 1¬ļ ciclo (1¬™ a 4¬™ s√©rie), os monitores de Astronomia membros do CAIMP (Clube de Astronomia de Itaocara Marcos Pontes), que eram em sua maioria alunos do ensino m√©dio, desenvolveram um trabalho de aproxima√ß√£o entre os alunos do Col√©gio Estadual Teot√īnio Brand√£o Vilela e os temas envolvendo Ci√™ncias e Astronomia. Atrav√©s de oficinas de inform√°tica, artes, v√≠deos educativos e teatros de fantoches, os alunos puderam expressar seus conhecimentos e emo√ß√Ķes diante das lendas mitol√≥gicas com as quais come√ßaram a ter contato. O trabalho desenvolvido pelos monitores junto aos alunos proporcionou a integra√ß√£o entre as turmas do col√©gio e os levou a participa√ß√£o em atividades de maneira a estimular sua oralidade e aumentar sua auto-estima. Trabalhando v√°rias formas de express√Ķes, os alunos puderam realizar seus experimentos e conhecer alguns conceitos de F√≠sica e Astronomia, enquanto adquiriam autonomia para se expressarem de acordo com seus sentimentos e conhecimentos adquiridos. O trabalho em si mostrou al√©m da possibilidade de inser√ß√£o de Astronomia no Ensino Fundamental, a possibilidade de realiza√ß√£o de um trabalho interdisciplinar nas s√©ries iniciais envolvendo Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia. Os resultados apresentados pelos alunos nas Olimp√≠adas promovidas na escola e pela OBA (Olimp√≠ada Brasileira de Astronomia) possibilitaram a verifica√ß√£o de uma crescente aprendizagem e est√≠mulo ao conhecimento de temas cient√≠ficos, que foi comprovado diante da apropria√ß√£o dos conceitos de Astronomia adquiridos e apresentados em resultados como avalia√ß√Ķes, ou ainda, diante dos relatos obtidos dos mesmos, suas fam√≠lias e professores.

  8. What Providers Should Know about Child Care Assistance for Families: A Targeted Effort to Reach Hispanic Families and Providers = Lo que Deben Saber los Proveedores Sobre el Programa de Ayuda de Cuidado Infantil para las Familias: Un Esfuerzo Especial para Alcanzar Familias y Proveedores Hispanos

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Child Care Bureau, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Federal and State governments can help families pay for child care. The families one serves may be eligible for this assistance, and one may receive this funding for services one provides, thus becoming a "participating provider." This paper provides answers to the following questions: (1) How can parents receive child care assistance?; (2) How do…

  9. C√ļmulos globulares como trazadores de bimodalidad estelar en galaxias cD

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forte, J. C.

    Se muestra que tanto la forma de los perfiles de brillo como de color observados en dos galaxias arquet√≠picas de tipo cD (NGC 1399 y NGC 4486) son compatibles con la presencia de poblaciones estelares bi-modales que comparten la misma distribuci√≥n espacial y composici√≥n qu√≠mica de las familias dominantes de c√ļmulos globulares asociadas con ellas. El modelo resultante tambi√©n predice una variaci√≥n de la frecuencia espec√≠fica de los c√ļmulos como funci√≥n del radio galactoc√©ntrico. Se discute este resultado en el contexto de una variedad de escenarios astrof√≠sicos que intentan describir la formaci√≥n de galaxias cD.

  10. Suvali Una? (And What Is This One Doing?).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacLean, Edna Ahgeak

    This bilingual reader in the Barrow Inupiaq language and in English is intended for beginning readers on the elementary school level. Pen-and-ink drawings illustrate the text and a free English translation is appended. (NCR)

  11. Esercitazioni Matematiche: Una Rivista Ad uso Degli Studenti Universitari.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Micale, Biagio

    1992-01-01

    The history of the journal "Esercitazioni Matematiche" (1921-43) edited by the "Circolo Matematico di Catania" for university students is described. A selection of proposed problems with some of their solutions is reported. (Author)

  12. C/1999 S4 (LINEAR): la morte di una cometa

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foglia, Sergio; Ligustri, Rolando; Milani, Giannantonio

    2002-01-01

    The comet C/1999 S4 was expected to be a moderately bright object during summer 2000. It was observed by visual, photographic and CCD techniques. The derived light curve shows that the comet reached a brightness maximum (mag. 6 around July 26) corresponding to the total dissolution of its nucleus. From the analysis of the light curve a double maximum was detected, the dissolution event appearing to start around July 20. Several morphological changes were also observed during the apparition in relation to partial fragmentation events. The comet aspect completely changed during the final disruption. Relevant changes in the plasma tail were observed and they are probably related both to the activity of the nucleus and to the solar wind. A perspective anti-tail was detected in early July.

  13. Una Perspectiva de Mexico: Its People, Places and History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bianchi, Gary; Bianchi, Maria Eugenia Matute

    Evolving from a general commitment to the goals of cultural pluralism and bicultural education, this portfolio of 24 full color and halftone photographs aims to reinforce those curricular objectives which emphasize a respect for the value and individuality of different cultures and groups, affirm the right of an individual to maintain a bicultural…

  14. La Ciencia de los Antiguos Mexicanos: Una Bibliografia Selecta

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ortiz-Franco, Luis; Magana, Maria

    1973-01-01

    Fifty-five citations pertaining to the scientific and mathematic development of ancient Mexicans, particularly the Mayas, are given in this select bibliography. The introduction and descriptions of resource libraries in 8 States are in Spanish. (NQ)

  15. RETOS EN LA INTERVENCI√ďN CON ADOLESCENTES PUERTORRIQUE√ĎOS/AS QUE MANIFIESTAN COMPORTAMIENTO SUICIDA*

    PubMed Central

    Vélez, Yovanska Duarté; Dávila, Paloma Torres; Hernández, Samariz Laboy

    2015-01-01

    Presentamos un estudio de caso de una adolescente puertorrique√Īa con comportamiento suicida. Esta comenz√≥ una Terapia Socio Cognitivo-Conductual para el Comportamiento Suicida (TSCC-CS) de tipo ambulatorio luego de una hospitalizaci√≥n por intento suicida. La TSCC-CS incorpora una perspectiva ecol√≥gica y de desarrollo a la terapia cognitivo-conductual. Inicialmente mostr√≥ baja autoestima y severos s√≠ntomas depresivos y de ansiedad. Al finalizar el tratamiento, manifest√≥ un cambio significativo en su sintomatolog√≠a cl√≠nica y evidenci√≥ una mejor√≠a en sus destrezas de manejo. No present√≥ ideas suicidas durante meses previos, ni durante el seguimiento. El an√°lisis de este caso permiti√≥ realizar cambios en el protocolo de tratamiento, particularmente en las sesiones de familia y de comunicaci√≥n con el fin de aumentar la viabilidad del tratamiento. PMID:26702337

  16. The Understanding of Astronomy Concepts by Students from Basic Education of a Public School. (Spanish Title: El Entendimiento de Conceptos de Aastronm√≠a Por Los Alumnos de Educaci√≥n B√°sica en Una Escuela P√ļblica.) O Entendimento de Conceitos de Astronomia Por Alunos da Educa√ß√£o B√°sica: O Caso de Uma Escola P√ļblica Brasileira

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iria Machado, Daniel; dos Santos, Carlos

    2011-07-01

    We present the results obtained in a research on the comprehension of basic astronomical concepts, in which 561 students from fifth grade middle school to third grade high school of a public school of the city of Foz do Igua√ßu (Brazil) took part. A test with 20 multiple-choice questions was applied to indentify the most common conceptions expressed by the students. This test was elaborated based on the literature about misconceptions and covered the following topics: the day-night cycle; the time zones; the seasons of the year; the phases of the Moon; the movement of the Moon; the apparent movement of the Sun in the celestial sphere; the eclipses; the dimensions and distances in the Universe; the brightness of the stars and its observation from Earth. Though a small progress was verified in the proportion of scientifically acceptable answers when comparing the eighth grade of middle school to the fifth, and the third grade of high school to the first, there was an overall predominance of alternative conceptions regarding most of the explored subjects, which persisted up to the last year of secondary school. The comparison to data found in this research made in other socio-cultural contexts revealed, in many aspects, similar notions and difficulties revealed by the students. Se presentan los resultados de una investigaci√≥n sobre la comprensi√≥n de conceptos astron√≥micos b√°sicos, en la cual participaron 561 estudiantes que cursaban entre el quinto grado de la ense√Īanza primaria y el tercer a√Īo de la ense√Īanza secundaria de una escuela p√ļblica de la ciudad de Foz do Igua√ßu (Brasil). Se utiliz√≥ un test de 20 preguntas de opci√≥n m√ļltiple para identificar las concepciones m√°s comunes expresadas por los estudiantes. Este instrumento de recolecci√≥n de datos se desarroll√≥ en base a la literatura sobre las concepciones alternativas y trat√≥ los siguientes temas: el ciclo d√≠a-noche, los husos horarios, las estaciones del a√Īo, las fases de la Luna, el movimiento de la Luna, el movimiento aparente del Sol sobre la esfera celeste, los eclipses, las dimensiones y las distancias en el Universo, el brillo de las estrellas y su observaci√≥n de la Tierra. Si bien ha habido un peque√Īo progreso en la proporci√≥n de respuestas aceptables cient√≠ficamente cuando se cotej√≥ el octavo grado de la ense√Īanza primaria con el quinto, y el √ļltimo a√Īo de la ense√Īanza secundaria con el primero, se observ√≥ un predominio de las concepciones alternativas en relaci√≥n a la mayor√≠a de los temas explorados, que continu√≥ hasta los √ļltimos a√Īos de la educaci√≥n b√°sica. Una comparaci√≥n con los datos encontrados en investigaciones realizadas en otros contextos socioculturales revelaron, en muchos aspectos, conceptos y dificultades similares expresadas por los estudiantes. Apresentam-se os resultados de uma investiga√ß√£o sobre a compreens√£o de conceitos astron√īmicos b√°sicos, da qual participaram 561 estudantes da quinta s√©rie do Ensino Fundamental ao terceiro ano do Ensino M√©dio de uma escola p√ļblica da cidade de Foz do Igua√ßu. Um teste com 20 quest√Ķes de m√ļltipla escolha foi aplicado para identificar as concep√ß√Ķes mais comuns expressadas pelos alunos. Esse instrumento de coleta de dados foi elaborado com base na literatura sobre concep√ß√Ķes alternativas e abordou os seguintes temas: o ciclo dia-noite; os fusos hor√°rios; as esta√ß√Ķes do ano; as fases da Lua; o movimento da Lua; o movimento aparente do Sol na esfera celeste; os eclipses; as dimens√Ķes e dist√Ęncias no Universo; o brilho das estrelas e sua observa√ß√£o da Terra. Embora se tenha verificado um pequeno progresso na propor√ß√£o de respostas cientificamente aceit√°veis ao se cotejar a oitava s√©rie do Ensino Fundamental com a quinta, e a terceira s√©rie do Ensino M√©dio com a primeira, houve o predom√≠nio de concep√ß√Ķes alternativas em rela√ß√£o √† maior parte dos temas explorados, as quais persistiram at√© o √ļltimo ano da Educa√ß√£o B√°sica. A compara√ß√£o com dados encontrados em investiga√ß√Ķes realizadas em outros contextos socioculturais revelaram, em muitos aspectos, no√ß√Ķes e dificuldades similares manifestadas pelos estudantes.

  17. 75 FR 42445 - Notice of Agreement Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-21

    ... No.: 012105. Title: SCM Lines Transportes/CCNI Agreement. Parties: Compania Chilena de Navegacion Interoceanica S.A. and SCM Lines Transportes Maritimos Sociedade Unipessoal, LDA. Filing Party: John P....

  18. 76 FR 14395 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ...; 1627 I Street, NW., Suite 1100; Washington, DC 20006-4007. Synopsis: The amendment deletes APL Co. PTE... Discussion Agreement. Parties: A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S; APL Co. Pte Ltd.; Compania Chilena de...

  19. 75 FR 74732 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ...-Maersk A/S; APL Co. Pte Ltd.; Compania Chilena de Navegacion Interoceanica, S.A.; Compania Sud Americana... APL's corporate address. Agreement No.: 012086-001. Title: Maersk Line/Horizon Lines Space...

  20. The Universe in a Box: Introduction to the Study of Astronomy in the Initial Formation of Physics Teachers. (Spanish Title: El Universo Representado en Una Caja: Introducción al Estudio de la Astronomía en la Formación Inicial de Profesores de Física.) O Universo Representado em Uma Caixa: Introdução ao Estudo da Astronomia NA Formação Inicial de Professores de Física

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Longhini, Marcos Daniel

    2009-07-01

    This is a report of an activity of introduction to the study of Astronomy developed with a group of future Physics teachers at a Brazilian public university. Such activity had the goal of giving privileged emphasis to notions of spatiality, alternative conceptions of the participants and the process of interaction among peers, and consisted of the representation, in a three dimensional space, of the models of the universe that the participants had. The results, which were categorized as miscellaneous, geocentric, heliocentric and acentric models of the universe, were qualitatively analyzed. Analyses of the activity in the perspective of the participants are indicated and additional considerations are made regarding its use as a resource for teaching Astronomy and for teacher training. Este es el informe de una actividad para presentar un estudio introductorio de la Astronom√≠a, desarrollado con una clase de futuros profesores de f√≠sica en una universidad p√ļblica brasile√Īa. Esta actividad tuvo como objetivo centrar las nociones de espacialidad, las concepciones alternativas de los participantes y el proceso de interacci√≥n entre pares, y consisti√≥ en la representaci√≥n en un espacio tridimensional, de los modelos del universo que los participantes hab√≠an. Los resultados, que se clasificaron en universo miscelania, geoc√©ntrico, helioc√©ntrico y acentrico, se analizaron cualitativamente. Son identificadas an√°lisis de la actividad por los participantes, e hizo observaciones sobre su uso como recurso para la ense√Īanza de la astronom√≠a y la formaci√≥n de docentes. Trata-se do relato de uma atividade de introdu√ß√£o ao estudo da Astronomia, desenvolvida com uma turma de futuros professores de F√≠sica, em uma universidade p√ļblica brasileira. Tal atividade teve como meta privilegiar no√ß√Ķes de espacialidade, as concep√ß√Ķes alternativas dos participantes e o processo de intera√ß√£o entre pares e constou da representa√ß√£o, em um espa√ßo tridimensional, dos modelos de universo que os participantes possu√≠am. Os resultados, que foram categorizados em universo miscel√Ęnea, geoc√™ntrico, helioc√™ntrico e ac√™ntrico, foram analisados qualitativamente. S√£o apontadas as an√°lises da atividade na √≥tica dos participantes, al√©m de tecidas considera√ß√Ķes sobre seu emprego como recurso ao ensino de Astronomia e na forma√ß√£o docente.

  1. Sobrevivendo a un tsunami: lecciones de Chile, Hawai y Japon

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Compilado por Atwater, Brian F.; Cisternas V., Marco; Bourgeois, Joanne; Dudley, Walter C.; Hendley, James W., II; Stauffer, Peter H.

    1999-01-01

    Este folleto contiene historias veridicas que ilustran como sobrevivir, y como no sobrevivir, a un tsunami. Esta publicacion esta dirigida a las personas que viven, trabajan o, simplemente, se divierten a lo largo de las costas que pueden ser afectadas por un tsunami. Tales costas rodean la mayor parte del Oceano Pacifico pero tambien incluyen algunas areas costeras de los Oceanos Atlantico e Indico. Aunque mucha gente llama a los tsunamis 'olas de marea', estos no estan relacionados a las mareas, sino son una serie de olas, o 'tren de olas', generalmente causadas por cambios en el nivel del fondo marino durante los terremotos. Los tsunamis tambien pueden ser generados por la erupcion de volcanes costeros, islas volconicas, deslizamientos submarinos e impactos de grandes meteoritos en el mar. Como sucedio en Sumatra en el 2004, los tsunamis pueden alcanzar alturas de 15 metros, no tan solo en la costa sino tambien kilometros tierra adentro. Los relatos presentados en este folleto fueron seleccionados de entrevistas realizadas a personas que sobrevivieron al tsunami del Oceano Pacifico de 1960. Muchas de estas personas, incluyendo a la enfermera de la foto, se enfrento a las olas generadas a poca distancia, en la costa chilena. En cambio, otros debieron hacer frente al tsunami muchas horas despues, en Hawai y Japon. La mayoria de las entrevistas fueron realizadas a fines de los anos ochenta y en los noventa. Las historias ofrecen una mezcla de lecciones de supervivencia a un tsunami. En algunos casos se presentan las acciones que confiablemente salvaron vidas: poner atencion a los avisos de la naturaleza, abandonar los bienes, dirigirse rapidamente a un sector alto y permanecer alli hasta que el tsunami realmente haya terminado. Otras historias describen como se encontro refugio al subir a construcciones y arboles o flotar sobre desechos, tacticas que tuvieron diferentes resultados y que pueden ser recomendadas solo como actos desesperados de personas atrapadas en sectores bajos.

  2. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Navarro Rosenblatt, Deborah; Dur√°n Ag√ľero, Samuel

    2016-01-01

    El c√°ncer de ves√≠cula biliar es la neoplasia maligna m√°s com√ļn en el tracto biliar. Chile presenta la tercera prevalencia m√°s alta de c√°ncer de ves√≠cula en el continente americano, siendo las mujeres chilenas de la ciudad de Valdivia las que presentan la prevalencia m√°s alta.Los principales factores que se han asociado al c√°ncer de ves√≠cula son: ser mujer, colelitiasis, obesidad, etnia, inflamaci√≥n cr√≥nica, historia de enfermedades infecciones, como H. pylori y Salmonella e historia familiar de c√°ncer.En Chile la mortalidad por c√°ncer de ves√≠cula es cercana al nivel de prevalencia. Esto se debe en parte a que el c√°ncer de ves√≠cula es una enfermedad silenciosa y sin s√≠ntomas espec√≠ficos en primeras instancias.Presentar obesidad y ser portador de agentes infecciosos, como Helicobacter pylori, son dos de los factores de riesgo m√°s importantes para desarrollar c√°ncer de ves√≠cula en Chile, ya que existe y una prevalencia de obesidad cercana al 30%.El objetivo de esta revisi√≥n literaria es informar y resumir los factores de riesgo de c√°ncer de ves√≠cula prevalentes en Chile, para as√≠ enfocarse en la prevenci√≥n y cuidado de estos, con el prop√≥sito de reducir la prevalencia de esta letal enfermedad. PMID:27019264

  3. A Diagnostic Assessment for the Teaching of Astronomy. (Spanish Title: Una Evaluaci√≥n Diagn√≥stica Para la Ense√Īanza de la Astronomia.) Uma Avalia√ß√£o Diagn√≥stica Para o Ensino da Astronomia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pacifico Ribeiro de Assis Silveira, Felipa; Soares Gomes de Sousa, Célia Maria; Moreira, Antonio

    2011-07-01

    This article aims to present the results of a diagnostic evaluation, used as a tool for collecting data on prior knowledge of scientific concepts needed to understand the topic "Earth and Universe", from a group comprised of 47 students of 6th grade. The educational method of diagnosing the student's prior knowledge before teaching them is founded on the Meaningful Learning theory, proposed by David Ausubel. The diagnostic evaluation consisted of 25 questions; the answers were analyzed and categorized, making possible their interpretation, which allows us to understand the meanings assigned by the student to these concepts. It follows from the diagnostic evaluation, that the majority of students surveyed had difficulties in exposing scientific concepts on the topic "Earth and Universe" when starting the 6th grade. However, we identified relevant ideas and representations that contributed to the re-signification of scientific concepts proposed for the teaching of the subject in this grade. The results of diagnostic evaluation served as reference to the organization of the syllabus, making possible the learning process by matching the sequence of teaching to the students" characteristics and context of the classroom. It is expected that other researchers in this topic can also use the instrument presented in this paper. Este art√≠culo tiene como objetivo presentar los resultados de una evaluaci√≥n diagn√≥stica, utilizada como una herramienta para recoger datos sobre el conocimiento previo de los conceptos cient√≠ficos necesarios para comprender el tema "Tierra y Universo", de un grupo compuesto por 47 alumnos de 6¬ļ grado de la escuela primaria. La acci√≥n pedag√≥gica del diagn√≥stico de los conocimientos previos del estudiante antes de ense√Īarles est√° justificada por la teor√≠a del Aprendizaje Significativo, propuesta por David Ausubel. La evaluaci√≥n de diagn√≥stico consisti√≥ en 25 preguntas, las respuestas fueron analizadas y clasificadas objetivando-se su interpretaci√≥n, lo que nos permite comprender los significados asignados por el estudiante a estos conceptos. Se desprende de la evaluaci√≥n diagn√≥stica que la mayor√≠a de los encuestados ha tenido dificultades para exponer los conceptos cient√≠ficos sobre el Universo y la Tierra, para iniciar el 6 ¬ļ grado. Sin embargo, se identificaron ideas relevantes y las representaciones que contribuyeron a la re-significaci√≥n de los conceptos cient√≠ficos propuestos para la ense√Īanza del tema en esta serie. Los resultados de la evaluaci√≥n diagn√≥stica han servido como referencia para la organizaci√≥n del Programa, facilitando el proceso de aprendizaje, haciendo coincidir la secuencia did√°ctica a las caracter√≠sticas de los estudiantes y el contexto del aula. Se espera que el instrumento presentado en este documento tambi√©n pueda ser utilizado por otros investigadores en investigaciones relacionadas con el tema. Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar os resultados de uma avalia√ß√£o diagn√≥stica, utilizada como instrumento para a coleta de dados sobre o conhecimento pr√©vio de conceitos cient√≠ficos, necess√°rios √† compreens√£o do tema Terra e Universo, de um grupo composto por 47 estudantes, da 6¬™ s√©rie do Ensino Fundamental. A a√ß√£o pedag√≥gica de diagnosticar os conhecimentos pr√©vios, do estudante, antes de ensin√°-los, tem fundamento na teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa, proposta por David Ausubel. Essa avalia√ß√£o diagn√≥stica foi composta por 25 quest√Ķes, cujas respostas foram analisadas e categorizadas visando sua interpreta√ß√£o, o que permitiu compreender os significados atribu√≠dos pelo estudante a esses conceitos. Conclui-se, a partir da avalia√ß√£o diagn√≥stica, que a maioria dos estudantes pesquisados apresentou dificuldades em expor conceitos cient√≠ficos sobre o tema Terra e Universo ao iniciar a 6¬™ s√©rie. Entretanto, foram identificadas ideias e representa√ß√Ķes relevantes que contribu√≠ram para a (re)significa√ß√£o dos conceitos cient√≠ficos propostos para o ensino do tema nessa s√©rie. Os resultados da avalia√ß√£o diagn√≥stica serviram como refer√™ncia para a organiza√ß√£o do plano de ensino, viabilizando o processo de aprendizagem, por adequar a sequ√™ncia did√°tica √†s caracter√≠sticas dos estudantes e ao contexto da sala de aula. √Č esperado que o instrumento apresentado nesse artigo possa ser utilizado tamb√©m por outros pesquisadores em investiga√ß√Ķes relacionadas ao tema.

  4. Learning about the Sky from the Environment: An Experience Working Along One Year with Students of Elementary Education. (Spanish Title: Aprendiendo sobre EL Cielo Desde el Entorno: Una Experiencia Trabajando Durante un A√Īo Junto a Estudiantes del Primario.) Aprendendo sobre o C√©u a Partir do Entorno: Uma Experi√™ncia de Trabalho ao Longo de um Ano com Alunos de Ensino Fundamental

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Longhini, Marcos Daniel; Gomide, Hanny Angeles

    2014-12-01

    Research developed with 95 students of the 6th year of elementary education in a public school of Uberl√Ęndia, Minas Gerais. It was a continuous work from February to December 2013, which led the students to participate in activities of observation of the environment, specifically the sky, analyzing the changes occurred. We focused on the study of variations in temperature, rainfall, day length, variations in the size of the shadows and changes in the aspect of the Moon. Our focus of analysis targeted the discussion of the knowledge that these students had about the topics indicated and as they entered the stage during the implementation of the proposal. The results showed a limited perception that students have of their environment, however, lately expanded due to the undertaken activities, especially in relation to the Moon. Working with systematic measure procedures reveals the careful handling of data so that they become understandable to students, and working with the shadows points towards the students first understand how shadows are formed, and then apply this knowledge to Astronomy. Finally, we conclude that the lived process consisted of an initial step of a work that should be encouraged for the subsequent years of training of these students. Proyecto de investigaci√≥n desarrollado con 95 alumnos del sexto a√Īo de primaria en una escuela p√ļblica de Uberl√Ęndia, Minas Gerais. Fue un trabajo continuo, de febrero a diciembre de 2013, que llev√≥ a los estudiantes a participar en actividades de observaci√≥n de su entorno, entre ellas, el cielo, analizando los cambios ocurridos. Nos centramos en el estudio de las variaciones en la temperatura, las precipitaciones, la duraci√≥n del d√≠a, las variaciones en el tama√Īo de las sombras y los cambios en los aspectos de la Luna. Nuestro foco de an√°lisis se centr√≥ en discutir el conocimiento que estos estudiantes ten√≠an sobre los temas indicados al inicio y t√©rmino de la propuesta. Los resultados mostraron una percepci√≥n limitada que los estudiantes tienen de su alrededor la cual, sin embargo, se expandi√≥ debido a las actividades llevadas a cabo, sobre todo en relaci√≥n con la Luna. Trabajar con medidas sistem√°ticas revela el manejo cuidadoso de los datos para que sean comprensibles para los estudiantes, as√≠ como el trabajo con las sombras para que comprendan primero como se forman estas para despu√©s trabajarlas en Astronom√≠a. Por √ļltimo, llegamos a la conclusi√≥n de que el proceso desarrollado consisti√≥ en una etapa inicial de una obra que debe ser profundizado en los a√Īos posteriores de la formaci√≥n de estos estudiantes. Projeto de pesquisa desenvolvido com 95 alunos do 6¬ļ ano do Ensino Fundamental de uma escola p√ļblica estadual de Uberl√Ęndia, Minas Gerais. Foi um trabalho cont√≠nuo, de fevereiro a dezembro de 2013, o qual levou os alunos a participarem de atividades de observa√ß√£o do entorno, dentre ele, o c√©u, analisando as mudan√ßas ocorridas. Focamos no estudo das varia√ß√Ķes de temperaturas, chuvas, dura√ß√£o do dia, varia√ß√Ķes do tamanho das sombras e mudan√ßas nos aspectos da Lua. Nosso foco de an√°lise centrou-se em discutir os conhecimentos que os referidos alunos tinham acerca dos temas indicados no in√≠cio e ao t√©rmino da implementa√ß√£o da proposta. Os resultados mostraram a percep√ß√£o limitada que os estudantes possuem de seu entorno, todavia, ampliada em fun√ß√£o das atividades desenvolvidas, principalmente no que se refere √† Lua. O trabalho com medidas sistem√°ticas revela o cuidado no tratamento dos dados para que eles se tornem compreens√≠veis aos alunos, assim como o trabalho com as sombras sinaliza para que os alunos primeiramente compreendam como as sombras s√£o formadas para depois trabalhar isso em Astronomia. Por fim, conclu√≠mos que o processo vivido constituiu-se em uma etapa inicial de um trabalho que deve ser estimulado para os anos subsequentes da forma√ß√£o desses alunos.

  5. Efectos combinados de la ampliaci√≥n de la atenci√≥n primaria de salud y de las transferencias condicionadas de dinero en efectivo sobre la mortalidad infantil en Brasil, 1998‚Äď2010*

    PubMed Central

    Guanais, Frederico C.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos. Examin√© los efectos combinados del acceso a la atenci√≥n primaria mediante el Programa de Salud Familiar (PSF) y las transferencias condicionadas de dinero en efectivo del Programa Bolsa Familia (PBF) sobre la mortalidad infantil posneonatal (MIPN) en Brasil. M√©todos. Emple√© un an√°lisis ecol√≥gico longitudinal usando datos en panel de 4‚ÄČ583 municipios brasile√Īos de 1998 al 2010, con 54‚ÄČ253 observaciones en total. Estim√© modelos de regresi√≥n de efectos fijos por m√≠nimos cuadrados ordinarios, con la tasa de MIPN como la variable dependiente y el PSF, el PBF y sus interacciones como las principales variables independientes de inter√©s. Resultados. La asociaci√≥n de una mayor cobertura del PSF con una menor tasa de MIPN se volvi√≥ m√°s fuerte conforme aumentaba la cobertura del PBF. En los promedios de todas las dem√°s variables, cuando la cobertura de PBF era 25%, la MIPN predicha fue 5,24 (intervalo de confianza [IC] de 95% = 4,95, 5,53) para una cobertura del PSF de 0%, y de 3,54 (IC de 95% = 2,77, 4,31) para una cobertura del PSF de 100%. Cuando la cobertura del PBF era de 60%, la MIPN predicha fue 4,65 (IC de 95% = 4,36, 4,94) para una cobertura del PSF de 0%, y de 1,38 (IC de 95% = 0,88, 1,89) para una cobertura del PSF de 100%. Conclusiones. El efecto del PSF depende de la ampliaci√≥n del PBF. Para las poblaciones empobrecidas y subatendidas, la combinaci√≥n de intervenciones tanto del lado de la oferta como del lado de la demanda podr√≠a ser necesaria para mejorar los resultados en salud.

  6. El regreso a la escuela, Sigamos adelante: Lo que significa para las familias americanas "No dejar atras a ningun nino" (Back to School, Moving Forward: What "No Child Left Behind" Means for America's Families).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of the Secretary.

    This pamphlet for parents Spanish presents the components of the "No Child Left Behind" policy of the George W. Bush administration. Prefaced with remarks by President Bush and Secretary of Education Rod Paige, the pamphlet discusses the importance of high academic standards and provides guidance for parents in interpreting test scores. The…

  7. A Look at the Decisions Hispanic Families Make after the Diagnosis of Deafness = Un estudio sobre las decisiones que toman las familias hispanas despues de un diagnostico de sordera.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steinberg, Annie; Bain, Lisa; Li, Yuelin; Montoya, Louise; Ruperto, Vivian

    This study, written in both English and Spanish, examined the decision-making process of Hispanic families living in the United States who have a child with a hearing loss. Twenty-nine families in four different geographical areas shared their experiences in learning about their child's disability, searching for appropriate interventions, and…

  8. Early Childhood Family Education: Implementing the Minnesota Model = Education de la premiere enfance: Mise en oeuvre de modele Minnesota = La educacion de la familia y la ninez: Poner en practica el modelo de Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Helen L.

    Over a decade ago, the Minnesota state legislature funded the Council on Quality Education to create nine exemplary and experimental pilot programs to support young children and their families. One of the early models was a family-oriented, structured preschool activity that featured weekly 2-hour sessions during which parents of 4-year-olds…

  9. America vuelve a la escuela: Participe y colabore! Informacion para familias y miembros de la comunidad (America Goes Back to School: Get Involved! Stay Involved! Information for Families and Community Members).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Partnership for Family Involvement in Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    This Spanish-language brochure provides several tips for families and for community members to help them encourage student achievement and success. The tips are grouped into three categories: (1) "Help our children read well and independently by the end of third grade"; (2) "Help our children learn to meet high math and science standards and take…

  10. Can We Talk? Helping Families Talk about Self-Esteem, Sex, and Peer Pressure. Training Package = Conversamos? Ayudando a Familias a Hablar sobre la Autoestima, el Sexo, y la Presion de los Amigos. Paquete de Capacitacion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappello, Dominic; Newberry, Jerald

    This English and Spanish language multimedia packet comprises an educational curriculum designed to help families talk about self-esteem, sex, and peer pressure with their children in grades 4 through 8. The packet consists of a planning and training manuals, family activity books, and a videotape. The curriculum is comprised of four parent…

  11. Rights and Responsibilities of Parents and Schools in the Education of Handicapped Children = Derechos y Responsabilidades de los Padres de Familia y los Distritos Escolares en la Educacion de los Ninos Incapacitados.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix. Div. of Career and Vocational Education.

    The booklet is intended to help Arizona parents understand their role in the education of handicapped children. A question and answer format draws upon contents of P.L. 94-142, The Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Arizona revised statutes; and the State Board of Education rules and regulations. Four main topics are covered: (1)…

  12. Educacion, Salud y Bienestar para el Nino Preescolar y la Familia (7 de Enero--29 de Febrero de 1996). Informe Curso sobre (Education, Health and Welfare for Small Children. January 7 - February 29, 1996. Report of a Course.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golda Meir Mount Carmel International Training Centre, Haifa (Israel).

    This Spanish-language report (with an English summary) describes a course on interagency cooperation held at the Golda Meir Mount Carmel International Training Center in Haifa, Israel. The course, with 30 Central and South American participants, discusses the necessity of pooling resources and sharing responsibility among institutions in various…

  13. Head Start Service Guide for Children and Families with HIV or AIDS = Guia de Servicios para Ninos con V.I.H. Positivo y con Sindrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (S.I.D.A.) y sus Familias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puerto Rico Commonwealth Office of Children's Services and Community Development, Old San Juan.

    This document provides guidelines and procedures, in Spanish and English, for Head Start teachers in taking care of children with AIDS, or children who are HIV positive, and their families. The goal of the guide is to maximize participation of infected children in the Head Start program. The guide presents activities in three main stages:…

  14. Can We Talk? Helping Families Talk about Self-Esteem, Sex, and Peer Pressure. Training Package = Conversamos? Ayudando a Familias a Hablar sobre la Autoestima, el Sexo, y la Presion de los Amigos. Paquete de Capacitacion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cappello, Dominic; Newberry, Jerald

    This English and Spanish language multimedia packet comprises an educational curriculum designed to help families talk about self-esteem, sex, and peer pressure with their children in grades 4 through 8. The packet consists of a planning and training manuals, family activity books, and a videotape. The curriculum is comprised of four parentÖ

  15. Colorado Guidelines for Service Coordination: Early Childhood Connections for Infants, Toddlers & Families = Guia para la Coordinacion de Servicios de Colorado: Conexiones para la Ninez Temprana para los Infantes, Parvulos y las Familias.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Jerri; Petersen, Sandy

    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act entitles each family with an eligible infant or toddler to service coordination at no cost to them. This publication sets forth guidelines and describes the vision for how service coordination will be provided to families in Colorado. The publication, in English and Spanish versions, notes that…

  16. Parent-adolescent communication in foster, inter-country adoptive, and biological Italian families: Gender and generational differences.

    PubMed

    Rosnati, Rosa; Iafrate, Raffaella; Scabini, Eugenia

    2007-02-01

    There is a paucity of studies aimed at comparing how parents and children in different family structures cope with the challenges posed by the adolescence transition; in particular, there are few studies aimed at comparing adoptive and foster families. In order to partially fill this gap, the principal aims of the present study were to verify whether there are differences in parent-child communication among foster, intercountry adoptive, and biological families according to the adolescents' gender, and to compare the perceptions of parents and adolescents concerning parent-child communication. Data were elaborated on two levels: a generational level (adolescent's and his/her parents' perceptions among the three family groups) and a dyadic level (mother-child and father-child perceptions). The sample was composed of 276 Italian families with adolescents aged between 11 and 17 (81 foster, 98 international adoptive, and 97 biological families). Subjects (mothers, fathers, and children) filled out a questionnaire including the Parent-Adolescent Communication Scale (Barnes & Olson, 1985 ). Results highlighted that in foster families, parent-child communication showed more difficulties from both the adolescent's and the parents' point of view. Adoptive adolescents, however, reported a more positive communication with both their parents than did their peers living in biological and foster families. At a dyadic level, some differences emerged among the three groups. In biological families, a more pronounced distance emerged between parents and children. In adoptive families, father and adolescent shared more similar perceptions, whereas a significant discrepancy emerged between mother and child. A higher level of perceptual congruence between adolescents and parents was found in foster families. Gender differences were also seen: Mothers experienced a more open communication with their children than did fathers, and adolescents, and above all females, communicated better with their mothers than with their fathers in all three family groups. Il existe peu d'√©tudes qui visent √† comparer comment les parents et les enfants, dans diff√©rentes structures familiales, composent avec les d√©fis amen√©s par la transition √† l'adolescence; en particulier, il existe peu d'√©tudes qui visent √† comparer les familles adoptives et les familles d'accueil. Dans le but de combler en partie cette lacune, les principaux buts de la pr√©sente √©tude √©taient de v√©rifier s'il existe des diff√©rences dans la communication parent-enfant entre les familles d'accueil, les familles adoptives (adoption entre pays) et les familles biologiques en fonction du sexe des adolescents et de comparer les perceptions des parents et des adolescents au sujet de la communication parent-enfant. Les donn√©es ont √©t√© √©labor√©es √† deux niveaux: un niveau g√©n√©rationnel (les perceptions de l'adolescent et de son parent parmi les trois groupes familiaux) et un niveau dyadique (perceptions m√®re-enfant et p√®re-enfant). L'√©chantillon √©tait compos√© de 276 familles italiennes avec adolescents entre 11 et 17 ans (81 familles d'accueil, 98 familles adoptives internationales et 97 familles biologiques). Les participants (m√®res, p√®res et enfants) ont compl√©t√© un questionnaire incluant le ¬ęParent-Adolescent Communication Scale (Barnes & Olson, 1985 ). Les r√©sultats ont soulign√© que, dans les familles d'accueil, la communication parent-enfant a montr√© plus de difficult√©s √† la fois du point de vue de l'adolescent et du point du parent. Cependant, les adolescents adoptifs ont √©valu√© leur communication avec leurs m√®res et p√®res comme √©tant plus positive en comparaison √† leurs pairs vivant dans des familles d'accueil et dans des familles biologiques. A un niveau dyadique, quelques diff√©rences ont √©merg√© entre les trois groupes. Dans les familles biologiques, une distance plus prononc√©e a √©merg√© entre les parents et les enfants. Dans les familles adoptives, le p√®re et l'adolescent partageaient des perceptions similaires, tandis qu'une diff√©rence significative a √©merg√© entre la m√®re et l'enfant. Un plus grand niveau de congruence perceptuelle entre les adolescents et les parents a √©t√© trouv√© dans les familles d'accueil. Des diff√©rences entre les sexes ont aussi apparu: en comparaison aux p√®res, les m√®res ont exp√©riment√© une communication plus ouverte avec leurs enfants et les adolescents, surtout les filles, communiquaient mieux avec leurs m√®res qu'avec leurs p√®res dans les trois groupes familiaux. Son escasos los estudios que se han propuesto comparar c√≥mo los padres e hijos pertenecientes a diferentes estructuras familiares afrontan los retos que impone la transici√≥n a la adolescencia; en particular, pocos estudios comparan las familias adoptivas y las que ejercen el cuidado temporal. Para subsanar parcialmente esta deficiencia, los prop√≥sitos principales de el presente estudio fueron verificar si difiere la comunicaci√≥n padres-hijos entre familias que ejercen cuidado temporal, aqu√©llas adoptivas entre pa√≠ses, y biol√≥gicas de acuerdo con el sexo del adolescente, y comparar las percepciones de los padres y de los adolescentes en cuanto a la comunicaci√≥n padres-hijo. Los datos se analizaron en dos niveles: un nivel de generaciones (las percepciones del adolescente y de sus padres entre los tres grupos de familias) y un nivel de d√≠adas (las percepciones madre-hijo y padre-hijo). Doscientas setenta y seis familias italianas con adolescentes entre 11 y 17 a√Īos de edad (81 familias de cuidado temporal, 98 adoptivas internacionalmente y 97 biol√≥gicas) constituyeron la muestra. Los participantes (madres, padres e hijos) respondieron a un cuestionario que inclu√≠a la Escala de Comunicaci√≥n Padre-Adolescente (Barnes & Olson, 1985 ). Los resultados resaltan m√°s dificultades en la comunicaci√≥n padres-hijo en las familias que ejercen cuidado temporal, tanto desde la perspectiva del adolescente como de los padres. En tanto que los adolescentes adoptados perciben una comunicaci√≥n m√°s positiva que la de sus compa√Īeros que viven en familias biol√≥gicas y de cuidado temporal. En el nivel de d√≠adas, surgieron algunas diferencias entre los tres grupos. En las familias biol√≥gicas, se observ√≥ una distancia m√°s pronunciada entre padres e hijos. En las familias adoptivas, el padre y el adolescente comparten percepciones m√°s similares, mientras que discrepan significativamente madre e hijo. Se encontr√≥ un nivel mayor de congruencia perceptual entre los adolescentes y sus padres en las familias de cuidado temporal. En cuanto a diferencias de g√©nero, las madres experimentan una comunicaci√≥n m√°s abierta con sus hijos en comparaci√≥n con los padres, y los adolescentes, sobretodo las mujeres, se comunican mejor con sus madres que con sus padres en los tres grupos de familias. PMID:24274778

  17. 75 FR 4567 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-28

    ... proposed study is to assess the efficacy of Streamlined Familias Unidas, a 5-session version of a longer... Familias Unidas intervention group, and (2) a group that receives routine information about HIV from...

  18. 75 FR 43985 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-27

    ... the development and evaluation of a streamlined version of Familias Unidas, a family-based... minority group in the nation, Familias Unidas is the only published intervention found to be efficacious in preventing both drug use and unsafe sexual behavior. Familias Unidas has demonstrated efficacy in...

  19. The Combine Project: An Experience in a Dual-Language Classroom = El proyecto de la cosechadora: una experiencia en una clase bilingue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Rebecca

    This article, also available in Spanish, describes what happened when a bilingual kindergarten class in West Liberty, Iowa, investigated a combine. The dual-language Kindergarten program supports content area instruction in both Spanish and English. The first part of the article tells the story of the Combine Project, this class's first project…

  20. Comunicación de pareja y VIH en mujeres en desventaja social

    PubMed Central

    Rosina Cianelli, A.; Lilian Ferrer, L.; Margarita Bernales, S.; Natalia Villegas, R.

    2009-01-01

    Introducci√≥n La epidemia de VIH y SIDA se ha diseminado r√°pidamente a nivel mundial tendiendo a la feminizaci√≥n, pauperizaci√≥n y heterosexualizaci√≥n. La comunicaci√≥n de pareja en torno el VIH es descrita como uno de los factores protectores en la adquisici√≥n de esta enfermedad, favoreciendo la adopci√≥n de conductas sexuales seguras tales como la negociaci√≥n de pareja y la utilizaci√≥n de preservativo, consider√≥ndose como un pilar fundamental en la incorporaci√≥n de medidas de autocuidado en la sexualidad femenina. Objetivo Determinar el nivel de comunicaci√≥n de pareja en torno al VIH en mujeres chilenas en desventaja social. Metodolog√≠a Cuatrocientas noventa y seis mujeres contestaron la entrevista inicial de la investigaci√≥n ‚ÄúTesting an HIV/AIDS Prevention Intervention for Chilean Women‚ÄĚ (RO1 TW 006977 PI Cianelli). Se utiliz√≥ la escala ‚ÄúHealth protective sexual communication scale (HPC)‚ÄĚ (0‚Äď10 puntos). Se realiz√≥ un an√°lisis descriptivo utilizando el programa SPSS 16.0. Resultados El promedio del nivel de comunicaci√≥n de pareja fue de 3,26 ¬Ī 2,7 puntos con la pareja principal, de 2,52 ¬Ī 2,48 puntos con una segunda pareja y de 0 puntos con una tercera pareja. Los temas de menor comunicaci√≥n entre las parejas fueron el uso de preservativo y la realizaci√≥n del test para VIH antes de tener relaciones sexuales. Conclusi√≥n Las mujeres de la muestra presentan bajos niveles de comunicaci√≥n de pareja en relaci√≥n a VIH con todas sus parejas sexuales. Son necesarias estrategias que potencien este t√≥pico dentro de las intervenciones de prevenci√≥n de VIH y SIDA de manera de fortalecer la adopci√≥n de conductas de autocuidado en torno al tema. PMID:19936328

  1. Alejarse como proceso social: ni√Īos y ancianos ¬ęabandonados¬Ľ en Ayacucho1

    PubMed Central

    Leinaweaver, Jessaca

    2013-01-01

    En investigaciones previas sobre el acogimiento familiar y la adopción en Ayacucho, se ha podido descubrir cómo los ayacuchanos adquieren y producen relaciones sociales. Mientras negocian creativamente los discursos y espacios construidos simultáneamente por instituciones, comunidades, y estructuras sociales, van adquiriendo nuevas formas de relacionarse. Este artículo discute el proceso opuesto: el deshacerse de relaciones de parentesco, y el proceso social del abandono o alejamiento. Cuando se aleja a una persona de su familia o su comunidad, los que se quedan en ella llegan a entenderse como ciertos tipos de personas. En los estudios de caso discutidos aquí, recopilados a través de una detallada y cuidadosa observación participante y de entrevistas etnográficas grabadas entre 2001 y 2007, se puede ver cómo, después de un alejamiento social, los individuos que alejan se reinterpretan como sujetos que se encuentran superándose o volviéndose modernos, o bien sacrificándose. PMID:25177044

  2. [In Process Citation].

    PubMed

    Etxeberria Lekuona, D; Méndez López, I; Mercado Gutiérrez, M R; Oteiza Olaso, J; Arteaga Mazuelas, M; Jarne Betrán, V

    2016-01-01

    ¬†El clopidogrel es un f√°rmaco antiagregante de la familia de la tienopiridinas muy utilizado en pacientes con cardiopat√≠a isqu√©mica, ictus y arteriopat√≠a perif√©rica. La toxicidad hep√°tica por este f√°rmaco es muy infrecuente. En la bibliograf√≠a √ļnicamente se han descrito 16 casos, y solo en dos de ellos se practic√≥ una biopsia hep√°tica. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 78 a√Īos pluripatol√≥gico que present√≥ una hepatitis t√≥xica colest√°sica severa por este f√°rmaco y los hallazgos de la biopsia hep√°tica que se le realiz√≥. El cuadro se resolvi√≥ tras la retirada del f√°rmaco.¬†En base a los hallazgos de nuestro caso y los de los casos previamente publicados se revisan las caracter√≠sticas de la hepatitis t√≥xica por clopidogrel y su manejo diagn√≥stico y terap√©utico.¬†Palabras clave. Clopidogrel. Toxicidad. Hepatotoxicidad. Biopsia. PMID:27125614

  3. Nanoparticulas basadas en complejos de Fe(II) con transicion de espin: sintesis, caracterizacion y aplicaciones en electronica molecular

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monrabal Capilla, Maria

    Esta tesis doctoral esta organizada en 5 capitulos y esta destinada al estudio de sistemas de Fe (II) que presentan el fenomeno de la transicion de espin a escala nanometrica. El capitulo 1 contiene una introduccion general sobre materiales moleculares multifuncionales, destacando aquellos ejemplos mas importantes. Por otro lado, se explicara el fenomeno de la transicion de espin, tratando aspectos conceptuales, los antecedentes mas importantes y la situacion actual. En el capitulo 2 se describen los diferentes procesos existentes para la obtencion de diferentes tipos de nanoparticulas. Ademas, se presenta la sintesis y caracterizacion de nanoparticulas del polimero de coordinacion unidimensional [Fe(Htrz)2(trz)]BF4, obtenidas mediante el metodo de micelas inversas. Estas nanoparticulas, con una estrecha distribucion de tamanos centrada alrededor de los 11 nm, presentan una transicion de espin muy abrupta, con un ancho ciclo de histeresis termica de unos 40K. En el capitulo 3 se describe el proceso de modificacion del tamano de las nanoparticulas descritas en el capitulo anterior, llevado a cabo variando la proporcion de surfactante/H2O en el medio. Ademas, con el objetivo de modificar las propiedades magneticas de las nanoparticulas obtenidas en el capitulo 2, se lleva a cabo la sintesis de nanoparticulas de polimeros de la misma familia del [Fe(Htrz)2(trz)]BF4. En concreto se sintetizaron 3 nuevos tipos de nanoparticulas basadas en el polimero [Fe(Htrz)1-x(NH2trz)x](ClO4)2, siendo x = 0.05, 0.15 y 0.3, en cada caso. Estas nanoparticulas siguen presentando una estrecha distribucion de tamanos y una transicion de espin muy abrupta y con un ancho ciclo de histeresis. Ademas, se observa que este ciclo se desplaza a temperaturas mas proximas a la temperatura ambiente a medida que se aumenta el porcentaje de 4-amino-1, 2, 4- triazol en la muestra. Pero al mismo tiempo se produce una disminucion de la anchura de este ciclo. Por ultimo, en este capitulo se presenta la sintesis de otro nuevo tipo de nanoparticulas, obtenidas a partir de otro polimero de la misma familia, el [FeO8ZnO2(Htrz)3](BF4). Estas nanoparticulas se sintetizaron con el objetivo de estudiar el efecto de la dilucion del metal en la muestra. Como resultado se obtuvieron nanoparticulas que tambien presentan una estrecha distribucion de tamanos pero en este caso la transicion de espin no es tan abrupta como en los casos anteriores. Aunque sigue presentando un ciclo de histeresis termica bastante ancho y a temperaturas proximas a la temperatura ambiente. En el capitulo 4 se describiran las estrategias que se han seguido para mejorar la estabilidad y afinidad sobre diferentes sustratos de las nanoparticulas sintetizadas en el capitulo 2. Tambien se hablara de los intentos realizados parar depositarlas en superficies y embeberlas en diferentes matrices organicas e inorganicas. En el capitulo 5 presentaremos la obtencion de un interruptor molecular realizado poniendo en contacto nanoparticulas individuales sintetizadas en el capitulo 2, con unos electrodos separados varios nanometros. Este dispositivo exhibe "switching" y efecto memoria a temperaturas proximas a la temperatura ambiente como consecuencia de la biestabilidad intrinseca de las nanoparticulas. Ademas demostraremos que el estado magnetico de estas nanoparticulas puede ser controlado electricamente, ya que la transicion de espin en este nanodispositivo molecular puede ser inducida simplemente aplicando un voltaje, lo que puede ser de gran interes para la electronica molecular.

  4. I Didn't Say a Word/No Dije una Palabra.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bielawski, Joseph G.; Pickens, Marjorie

    This bilingual English/Spanish book of captioned photographs and its related teaching manual were created as a joyful experience in nonverbal communication for children and adults. It is intended to sharpen awareness of nonverbal messages expressed by children in their everyday environment. To help develop self-understanding and to encourage oral…

  5. Luchando por una educacion: A Qualitative Understanding of Undocumented Latina/o College Student Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro, Elvia Lorena

    2013-01-01

    The current qualitative study explored the factors and resources that motivate undocumented Latino/a college students to persist in higher education. Through the data obtained from the four qualitative open-ended survey questions, a content analysis revealed specific codes, themes, and subthemes addressing the factors and resources that motivate…

  6. The Puerto Ricans--Two Communities, One Culture. (Los Puertorriquenos--Dos Comunidades, Una Cultura.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vivo, Paquita

    1980-01-01

    Puerto Rican roots stem from the ethnic mixture of Indians, Europeans, and Africans. This article describes the advent of each of the groups on the island, the historical and cultural impact each made, and the retention of heritage among Puerto Rican migrants to the U.S. (DS)

  7. Cuentos Faciles. Habia una vez.... (Simple Stories. There was a Time....) (Presenting Simple Stories in Spanish.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arroyo, Nancy; And Others

    For Spanish-speaking children, simple stories in Spanish, told in a natural language suitable for their age, are not only entertaining, but a means of developing vocabulary and concepts. Non-Spanish-speaking children, too, need exposure to more language than they can understand word for word. However, the simple stories for the Spanish speaker…

  8. Historia de vidas de profesoras de ciencias: Hacia una ensenanza cientifica de calidad

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vega Osorio, Melba

    The purpose of this research was to capture the memories, practices, thoughts and philosophies of education that four experienced Science teachers have accumulated through the years. The life story qualitative research design was used in order to collect more meaningful information from the participants amenable to in depth analysis and interpretation. The life stories interviews were conducted using an interview protocol especially designed for the study. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The questions that guided this research are: 1. What are the meanings that science teachers give to their educational practices? 2. How did the life experiences of the participants contribute to their success as science teachers? 3. How did the participants' educational practices change and evolve over time? 4. What does teaching science mean in the life of the participants? 5. Which reflections arise from the work of the participants that impact the teaching of science? 6. What are the participants' conceptions about teachers' professional development? 7. What are the participants' contributions to the field of scientific education? Wolcott's (1994) DAI analytical model was used for the analysis of the information and the narratives were written following the three dimensions of the model: description, analysis and interpretation. According to the life stories of the participants, being a teacher requires more than teaching the content. To be a successful and an exemplary science teacher, they have to live the teaching vocation, with dedication, passion, commitment and love for teaching, for students and science; teachers have to give their best for the students, even if it means making personal sacrifices; they should keep updated in knowledge (content) and in educational innovations (strategies); emphasizing both the theoretical and the practical aspects in the field of science, and being an inspirational guide for students.

  9. Perspectiva sobre una Personalidad Senera: Carmen Fischer Ramirez (Perspective on a Singular Personality: Carmen Fischer Ramirez).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quezeda, Dina Alarcon

    1992-01-01

    Traces the career of Carmen Fischer Ramirez, focusing on her work in improving early childhood education in Chile. Reviews her university career, work with the World Organization for Early Childhood Education, and major publications. (AC)

  10. "...Una Etapa Siempre Dificil": Concepts of Adolescence and Programs of Secondary Education in Mexico.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinson, Bradley A.

    An American visiting a Mexican secundaria (equivalent to the U.S. junior high school) noted the strong presence of discourses on "adolescence." This prompted an ideological and historical review of the secundaria since its development in the postrevolutionary ethos of the 1920s-30s. Inspired by a U.S. model of adolescent education in the liberal…

  11. Mediacion en educacion especial: Una guia para los padres (Special Education Mediation: A Guide for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Consortium for Appropriate Dispute Resolution in Special Education (CADRE), Eugene, OR.

    Designed for Spanish-speaking parents of students with disabilities living in Oregon, this brochure describes the general mediation process that parents can use to resolve special education services disputes with schools. It begins by discussing what mediation is and the characteristics of a trained mediator. It addresses the requirement for…

  12. The Struggle for Mexico's First Gay-Straight Alliance: Como una Novela Real

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macgillivray, Ian K.

    2006-01-01

    In 2004, a group of high school students at a private American school in Mexico City started the first gay-straight alliance in Mexico. A small group of conservative parents and a Mormon principal organized in opposition. This paper details the students' struggle to keep their club and offers lessons learned about student activism, school change,…

  13. GSC 3087 2079. Invito all'osservazione di una (quasi sospetta) variabile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Papini, Riccardo; Donati, Silvia; Marchini, Alessandro

    2005-12-01

    On June, 2002, Marvin Baldwin, chairman of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) RR Lyrae Committee, suggested to observe few variable stars recently discovered during the ROTSE project all-sky survey. The selected star was GSC 3087 2079 whose variability was confirmed using the data gathered by the authors during the 2002 summer. In this article we assign the variable to the RR Lyr c class, and invite the interested observers to collect further data.

  14. Una experiencia europea de innovacion pedagogica basada en la escritura de un ibro.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montane, Mireia; Roc, Merce

    2002-01-01

    Describes a European project based on writing a book from an educational perspective. Participants included 18 schools from 13 countries. The study originated in a Spanish Comenius 3.1 project, which determined that university teams would visit "book writing" schools, supporting teachers and analyzing and publishing their experiences. AfterÖ

  15. Areas Nacionales de Estudio Ambiental: Una Guia. (National Environmental Study Area: A Guide).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    This booklet, the Spanish version of SE 014 817, is a guide for teachers and resource managers who are interested in establishing National Environmental Study Areas (NESA) or interested in receiving NESA recognition for their on-going environmental study area programs. It outlines the characteristics and procedures of the program; the nature,…

  16. Historia Verdadera de Una Gota de Miel. (The True Story of a Drop of Honey).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galarza, Ernesto

    Part of the series "Coleccion Mini-Libros" (Mini-Book Collection), the booklet is a factual account of the life of a bee. Designed to provide a tool for education of the Spanish-speaking child, as well as to stimulate an interest in Spanish among the youth of our country, the publication is a compilation of photographs with a description of bees…

  17. Una nina adoptada su conducta en el jardin de infantes (An Adopted Girl's Conduct in Preschool).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Truscello de Mason, Marile

    1994-01-01

    Reports observations made by a preschool teacher in Argentina about a four-year-old adopted girl in her preschool. The teacher noticed problems between the girl and her adoptive mother, who tried to prevent the girl from remembering her past. The teacher particularly noticed changes in the girl's drawings. (AA)

  18. Una guia a los padres acerca del sistema educacional = A Parent's Guide to Education. Spanish Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowch, Nancy

    A guide for Spanish-speaking parents of elementary and secondary school students in Nebraska provides in Spanish, and then in English, information concerning education in the state. Topics covered include: state policy concerning enrolling children in school, medical requirements for enrollment and attendance, the school curriculum requirements…

  19. Evolución de una protuberancia observada por el HASTA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luoni, M. L.; Francile, C.

    Prominence eruptions are one of the most spectacular manifestations of solar activity; in addition to flares and coronal mass ejections. Both filaments and prominences are chromospheric material suspended in the corona by the magnetic field. Hence their importance as tracers of field ejections. Some parts of their magnetic structure are not well understood; especially with regard to the loss of stability. On 06 December 2010 the H-Alpha Telescope for Argentina (HASTA) observed a prominence in the eastern solar limb including when part of it was ejected. In this paper the evolution of the filament is analyzed; its structure before and after the eruption; determining parameters that characterize it from HASTA data. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  20. Una nueva galaxia IR con nucleo compuesto: Seyfert 1.5 y estallido de formacion estelar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lipari, S. L.; Merlo, D. C.; Moyano, M. M.

    Optical aperture spectroscopy and CCD broad- and narrow-band images are presented for the barred Seyfert 1 galaxy: IRAS 22117-3903. IRAS data are also used to analyse this object. The CTIO broad band CCD imaging show interesting morphological features: a compact nucleus with a prominent bar; two bright spiral arms; and a partial/segmented inner ring. The narrow-band imaging show that the nuclear H+[NII] emission is concentrate mainly in the nucleus. We find optical spectral features characteristic of a Seyfert 1.5 nucleus; i.e.; showing hydrogen emission lines with broad and narrow components. We detected high excitation emission lines ([CaV]+[FeXIV]; [FeVII]). We study the stellar population in the nuclear region. We find that the stellar population that represent quite well the nuclear stellar population is an average of spiral galaxies dominated by the old population plus a contribution of young stars. Physical conditions are derived for the narrow emission line region; and we detected very high electron temperature (T=4400045000 K); untypical for the ordinary AGNs and probably associated to shocks in a starburst component. Finally; at the optical and IR wavelength; we find properties typical of an nucleus with compound nature; in good agreement with the AGN/QSOs evolutionary model of Lípari ; Terlevich (2006; ; 368; 1001). FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  1. Una Experiencia Pedagogica en el Jardin Infantil "La Cabana" (A Teaching Experience in "La Cabana" Kindergarten).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Vega, B.

    1992-01-01

    Reviews the history of La Cabana kindergarten, which provides preschool education and meals for 100 children and sewing classes for mothers in a working class neighborhood in Bogota, Colombia. Describes the implementation of a new curriculum which develops child creativity through free choice of activities around a common project. (AC)

  2. Renovando la Esperanza por una Educacion sin Exclusiones (Rekindling the Hope for an Education without Exclusion).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Articles in this issue, written in Spanish, focus on the following: current status and outlook of youth and adult education; opening statement of the 50th anniversary commemoration; regional framework for the education of youth and adults in Latin America and the Caribbean; interculturalism and the education of youth and adults; participation of…

  3. Community Resources Guide for Central Florida = Una Guia de Recursos en la Comunidad de Florida Central.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medina, Linda, Comp.

    Designed to orient Hispanic refugees to the services that are available in Central Florida, this bilingual guide consists of a section of general information on living and working in the United States and a section devoted to various public and private agencies. Provided first are addresses and phone numbers of various government agencies:…

  4. Una Metodologia de Analisis de la Interaccion Alumno-Orgendaor en la Investigacion Sobre Informatica Educativa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Estepa, A.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    The recording of the interaction between pupil and computer is one of the data sources frequently used in research on the use of computers in teaching. Describes the analysis methodology of these recordings to determine the use of computers in statistics and its adaptation to other research work on the use of computers in education. (Author/MDH)

  5. Una mirada hacia el pasado -- El Telescopio Espacial James Webb - Duration: 31 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    La NASA planea usar el nuevo Telescopio Espacial James Webb para mirar el pasado. Al observar la luz de las estrellas que se formaron al principio del universo, la NASA est√° a punto de arrojar nuev...

  6. [Clip Sheets from BOCES. Opportunities. Health. Careers. = Oportunidades. Salud. Una Camera En...

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Geneseo. Coll. at Geneseo. Migrant Center.

    This collection of 83 clip sheets, or classroom handouts, was created to help U.S. migrants learn more about health, careers, and general "opportunities" including education programs. They are written in both English and Spanish and are presented in an easily understandable format. Health clip-sheet topics include the following: Abuse; AIDS;…

  7. Una guia para los padres a la educacion preescolar (A Parent's Guide to Preschool).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Phinney, Joanna

    This booklet, in Spanish- and Japanese-language versions, offers parents guidance on how to partner with teachers to help their children acquire the skills, attitudes, and habits to do well in school and throughout life. The booklet begins with a description of how preschool children learn, and continues with a discussion of the goals of theÖ

  8. A Guide to Delegate Preparation: UNA-USA Model UN Survival Kit. 1988-89 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muldoon, James P., Jr., Ed.; Diehl, John, Ed.

    Written by students for students, the purpose of the book, one of four components of the Model UN Survival kit, is to help prepare secondary and college student delegates for participation in Model United Nations (UN) Conferences. Model UN programs help students discover the difficulties of world political processes and understand other nationsÖ

  9. Protegiendo a nuestros ninos: una guia de accion (Safeguarding Our Children: An Action Guide).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC. Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice.

    Although most schools are safe, they all can be safer. Improving school safety requires the strategic investment of time and dollars--scarce resources for which there are competing demands. Fortunately, schools that strategically coordinate schoolwide efforts are more likely to improve academic performance as well as reduce behavior problems. This…

  10. Exploración del Sistema Solar -- Una mirada hacia el futuro - Duration: 30 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    ¬ŅPiensas que ya sabemos todo acerca de nuestro sistema solar? La realidad es que apenas hemos comenzado con lo que hay para conocer. √önete a la NASA, en el env√≠o de misiones a los confines del sist...

  11. Historia Verdadera de Una Gota de Miel. (The True Story of a Drop of Honey).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galarza, Ernesto

    Part of the series "Coleccion Mini-Libros" (Mini-Book Collection), the booklet is a factual account of the life of a bee. Designed to provide a tool for education of the Spanish-speaking child, as well as to stimulate an interest in Spanish among the youth of our country, the publication is a compilation of photographs with a description of beesÖ

  12. Sistemas Eolicos Pequenos para Generacion de Electricidad: Una guia para consumidores en Nuevo Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-09-01

    This Spanish version of the popular Small Wind Electric Systems: A New Mexico Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

  13. Sistemas Eolicos Pequenos para Generacion de Electricidad; Una guia para consumidores en los EE.UU.

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-09-01

    This Spanish version of the popular Small Wind Electric Systems: A U.S. Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

  14. Per una pedagogia della comprensione interculturale (A Method for Teaching Intercultural Understanding).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Titone, Renzo

    1986-01-01

    Defines true bilingualism as biculturalism, explains what "understanding" another culture means, and describes how to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching methods for students from different cultures. Ideally, individuals learning a second language will acquire a "metacultural" consciousness that permits them to be comfortable in any cultural…

  15. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  16. Una experiencia europea de innovacion pedagogica basada en la escritura de un ibro.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montane, Mireia; Roc, Merce

    2002-01-01

    Describes a European project based on writing a book from an educational perspective. Participants included 18 schools from 13 countries. The study originated in a Spanish Comenius 3.1 project, which determined that university teams would visit "book writing" schools, supporting teachers and analyzing and publishing their experiences. After…

  17. Diseno y desarrollo de una base de datos bibliograficos (Design and Development of a Bibliographic Database).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattenella, L. E.; Velazco, J. W.

    1992-01-01

    This article briefly describes the development of bibliographic retrieval systems in the Instituto de Beneficio di Minerales (IN BE MI) in Salta, Argentina, using the Mini-micro CDS/ISIS software developed by Unesco. (LRW)

  18. Guia Practica para una Evaluacion Alternativa (Practical Guide to Alternative Assessment).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Joan L.; Aschbacher, Pamela R.; Winters, Lynn

    Guidance is offered in Spanish on the creation and use of alternative assessment, and a process model is presented that links assessment with curriculum and instruction, based on contemporary theories of learning and cognition. The introductory chapter provides background on the purposes of assessment and the need for new alternatives, with an…

  19. PREVENCI√ďN DEL VIH/SIDA EN LOS CIRCUITOS DE LEVANTE HSH: UNA ASIGNATURA PENDIENTE.

    PubMed

    Barreda, Victoria; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Marone, Rub√©n; Bal√°n, Iv√°n; Pando, Mar√≠a √Āngeles; Avila, Mar√≠a Mercedes

    2010-12-01

    A partir de un relevamiento de tipo etnográfico, se describen lugares de encuentro de HSH en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y sus prácticas sexuales. El reconocimiento de tales espacios, así como las características que asumen en ellos los encuentros sexuales entre los HSH, plantean obstáculos específicos en la adopción de comportamientos preventivos y, asimismo, generan nuevos desafíos para las actividades de prevención. Se plantean las dificultades y debates conceptuales que la misma categoría presenta, y sus consecuencias en el abordaje preventivo y teórico-metodológico para las ciencias sociales. Además, se proponen nuevos interrogantes acerca de los alcances y las limitaciones del modelo preventivo del VIH/Sida para HSH. PMID:21874154

  20. GERBERTVS una nuova rivista per l'astronomia e la scienza nell'alto medioevo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigismondi, C.

    GERBERTVS appears as an international e-journal on medieval science, namely astronomy. It has been created to gather all the studia promoted on Gerbert of Aurillac, the most prominent figure of the tenth century: astronomer, organ builder and music theoretician, mathematician, philosopher, and finally pope with the name of Silvester II (999-1003). Here is presented the first volume (2010) published in the institutional web site www.icra.it/gerbertus with the ISSN 2038-355X.

  1. The Complete Chloroplast and Mitochondrial Genomes of the Green Macroalga Ulva sp. UNA00071828 (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta)

    PubMed Central

    Melton, James T.; Leliaert, Frederik; Tronholm, Ana; Lopez-Bautista, Juan M.

    2015-01-01

    Sequencing mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes has become an integral part in understanding the genomic machinery and the phylogenetic histories of green algae. Previously, only three chloroplast genomes (Oltmannsiellopsis viridis, Pseudendoclonium akinetum, and Bryopsis hypnoides) and two mitochondrial genomes (O. viridis and P. akinetum) from the class Ulvophyceae have been published. Here, we present the first chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes from the ecologically and economically important marine, green algal genus Ulva. The chloroplast genome of Ulva sp. was 99,983 bp in a circular-mapping molecule that lacked inverted repeats, and thus far, was the smallest ulvophycean plastid genome. This cpDNA was a highly compact, AT-rich genome that contained a total of 102 identified genes (71 protein-coding genes, 28 tRNA genes, and three ribosomal RNA genes). Additionally, five introns were annotated in four genes: atpA (1), petB (1), psbB (2), and rrl (1). The circular-mapping mitochondrial genome of Ulva sp. was 73,493 bp and follows the expanded pattern also seen in other ulvophyceans and trebouxiophyceans. The Ulva sp. mtDNA contained 29 protein-coding genes, 25 tRNA genes, and two rRNA genes for a total of 56 identifiable genes. Ten introns were annotated in this mtDNA: cox1 (4), atp1 (1), nad3 (1), nad5 (1), and rrs (3). Double-cut-and-join (DCJ) values showed that organellar genomes across Chlorophyta are highly rearranged, in contrast to the highly conserved organellar genomes of the red algae (Rhodophyta). A phylogenomic investigation of 51 plastid protein-coding genes showed that Ulvophyceae is not monophyletic, and also placed Oltmannsiellopsis (Oltmannsiellopsidales) and Tetraselmis (Chlorodendrophyceae) closely to Ulva (Ulvales) and Pseudendoclonium (Ulothrichales). PMID:25849557

  2. "Necesita una vacuna": what Spanish-speakers want in text-message immunization reminders.

    PubMed

    Ahlers-Schmidt, Carolyn R; Chesser, Amy; Brannon, Jennifer; Lopez, Venessa; Shah-Haque, Sapna; Williams, Katherine; Hart, Traci

    2013-08-01

    Appointment reminders help parents deal with complex immunization schedules. Preferred content of text-message reminders has been identified for English-speakers. Spanish-speaking parents of children under three years old were recruited to develop Spanish text-message immunization reminders. Structured interviews included questions about demographic characteristics, use of technology, and willingness to receive text reminders. Each participant was assigned to one user-centered design (UCD) test: card sort, needs analysis or comprehension testing. Respondents (N=54) were female (70%) and averaged 27 years of age (SD=7). A card sort of 20 immunization-related statements resulted in identification of seven pieces of critical information, which were compiled into eight example texts. These texts were ranked in the needs assessment and the top two were assessed for comprehension. All participants were able to understand the content and describe intention to act. Utilizing UCD testing, Spanish-speakers identified short, specific text content that differed from preferred content of English-speaking parents. PMID:23974378

  3. A Guide to Delegate Preparation: UNA-USA Model UN Survival Kit. 1988-89 Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muldoon, James P., Jr., Ed.; Diehl, John, Ed.

    Written by students for students, the purpose of the book, one of four components of the Model UN Survival kit, is to help prepare secondary and college student delegates for participation in Model United Nations (UN) Conferences. Model UN programs help students discover the difficulties of world political processes and understand other nations…

  4. Chile: Una Vision Politica, Economica y Social (Chile: A Political, Economic, and Social View).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cortes-Hwang, Adriana

    1972-01-01

    This address seeks to explain in brief the historical background and political, economic, and social conditions leading to the democratic election of a Marxist president in Chile. A historical sketch of Chilean government from independence in 1810 is provided with a description of the situation just before Salvador Allende's election in 1969. Some…

  5. Luchando por una educacion: A Qualitative Understanding of Undocumented Latina/o College Student Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navarro, Elvia Lorena

    2013-01-01

    The current qualitative study explored the factors and resources that motivate undocumented Latino/a college students to persist in higher education. Through the data obtained from the four qualitative open-ended survey questions, a content analysis revealed specific codes, themes, and subthemes addressing the factors and resources that motivateÖ

  6. Estrellas Wolf-Rayet y el medio interestelar: huellas de una fuerte interacción

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cichowolski, S.; Arnal, E. M.

    Se presentan resultados observacionales de un estudio de la distribución de hidrógeno neutro en los alrededores de estrellas Wolf-Rayet (WR) galácticas. Los datos de la línea de 21 cm provienen de observaciones de resolución angular intermedia (9') tomadas con el radiotelescopio de Effelsberg. La muestra está compuesta por cuatro WR de la serie del nitrógeno (WN): WR130, WR131, WR155, WR156 y tres WR de la serie del carbono (WC): WR154, WR117 y WR126. Este análisis ha permitido detectar cavidades y envolturas de HI en expansión presumiblemente vinculadas a dichas estrellas.

  7. Borders and Identity: A Resource Guide for Teachers = Identidad y Fronteras: Una Guia para Maestros.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belauus, Betty; Botein, Emily; Cadaval, Olivia

    The materials in this resource guide include a four-part video, a poster-size cultural map with additional exercises, and the five sections of this guide. The unit, presented in English and Spanish, intends to introduce students to the peoples and cultures of the U.S.-Mexico border, to explore the concept of borders in their own communities, to…

  8. Una guia para los padres a la educacion preescolar (A Parent's Guide to Preschool).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodge, Diane Trister; Phinney, Joanna

    This booklet, in Spanish- and Japanese-language versions, offers parents guidance on how to partner with teachers to help their children acquire the skills, attitudes, and habits to do well in school and throughout life. The booklet begins with a description of how preschool children learn, and continues with a discussion of the goals of the…

  9. Per una pedagogia della comprensione interculturale (A Method for Teaching Intercultural Understanding).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Titone, Renzo

    1986-01-01

    Defines true bilingualism as biculturalism, explains what "understanding" another culture means, and describes how to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching methods for students from different cultures. Ideally, individuals learning a second language will acquire a "metacultural" consciousness that permits them to be comfortable in any culturalÖ

  10. Confieso que Divulgo. Reflexiones y Experiencias de una Astrofísica

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rodríguez Hidalgo, I.

    Este art√≠culo presenta algunas reflexiones en torno a la popularizaci√≥n de la Ciencia, desarrolladas a lo largo de mi trayectoria profesional, un camino inacabado desde la intuici√≥n al oficio. Tras revisar las se√Īas de identidad de la divulgaci√≥n cient√≠fica, se exponen ideas, experiencias y recursos, cribados por la pr√°ctica y su posterior an√°lisis cr√≠tico. Se destacan las actividades relacionadas con la Astronom√≠a, que se cuentan entre las m√°s espectaculares y gratificantes. Confessions of a popularizer: This paper presents some author's thoughts about scientific outreach, developed along her professional path, an unfinished way from intuition to trade. First, identity signs of outreach are revised; then, ideas, experiences and resources, sifted by practice and further critical analysis, are reviewed. Activities related to Astronomy, being one of the most spectacular and rewarding, are remarked 1

  11. Una Visita al Viejo San Juan (A Visit to Old San Juan).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabello, Victor; And Others

    Written in Spanish, this black and white illustrated booklet provides a tour of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico's oldest and most historic city. Brief historical information is provided on the Perro de San Jeronimo, a statue of a barking dog found in front of the Castillo; Plaza de Colon, a small plaza dedicated to Christopher Columbus; the Catedral de…

  12. Mi Vecina es una Mujer Colpeada (My Neighbor Is a Battered Woman).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Melissa

    This book, the Spanish version of "My Neighbor is a Battered Woman," is intended as a general introduction to the problems of battered women. The format for part 1 consists of the presentation of facts about wife beating, i.e., who are victims, characteristics of batterers, the environment in which family violence exists, and services for battered…

  13. Establishing the Empirical Relationship Between Non-Science Majoring Undergraduate Learners' Spatial Thinking Skills and Their Conceptual Astronomy Knowledge. (Spanish Title: Estableciendo Una Relación Empírica Entre el Razonamiento Espacial de los Estudiantes de Graduación de Carreras no Científicas y su Conocimento Conceptual de la Astronomía.) Estabelecendo Uma Relação Empírica Entre o RacioCínio Espacial dos Estudantes de Graduação EM Carreiras Não Científicas e Seu Conhecimento Conceitual da Astronomia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heyer, Inge; Slater, Stephanie J.; Slater, Timothy F.

    2013-12-01

    The astronomy education community has tacitly assumed that learning astronomy is a conceptual domain resting upon spatial thinking skills. As a first step to formally identify an empirical relationship, undergraduate students in a non-major introductory astronomy survey class at a mediumsized, Ph.D. granting, mid-western US university were given pre- and post-astronomy conceptual diagnostics and spatial reasoning diagnostics, Instruments used were the "Test Of Astronomy Standards" and "What Do You Know?" Using only fully matched data for analysis, our sample consisted of 86 undergraduate non-science majors. Students' normalized gains for astronomy surveys were low at .26 and .13 respectively. Students' spatial thinking was measured using an instrument designed specifically for this study. Correlations between the astronomy instruments' pre- to post-course gain scores and the spatial assessment instrument show moderate to strong relationships suggesting the relationship between spatial reasoning and astronomy ability can explain about 25% of the variation in student achievement. La comunidad de educaci√≥n en astronom√≠a ha supuesto de forma t√°cita que el aprendizaje de la astronom√≠a consiste en un dominio conceptual fundamentado en el razonamiento espacial. Como un primer paso para identificar formalmente una relaci√≥n emp√≠rica entre estas dos cosas, utilizamos como muestra los estudantes de graduaci√≥n de carreras no cient√≠ficas de un curso experimental en una universidad norteamericana del medioeste de porte mediano con programa de Doctorado em curso, en el cual estos estudiantes se sometieron a un diagn√≥stico de razonamiento espacial y conceptos astron√≥micos antes e despu√©s del mismo. Las herramientas utilizadas fueron el Test Of Astronomy Standards (TOAST) y el cuestionario What do you know? Utilizando solo los datos completamente consistentes para este an√°lisis, nuestra muestra consisti√≥ en 86 estudantes de graduaci√≥n. Las mejoras, depu√©s de normalizadas, en el desempe√Īo de los estudiantes en estos dos asuntos foram pequenas, 0.26 e 0.13 respectivamente. El razonamiento espacial de los estudiantes fue medido utilizando un instrumento espec√≠fico desarrollado para este trabaljo. Las correlaciones entre los resultados de los tests astron√≥micos y este instrumento espec√≠fico, antes y despu√©s del curso mostraron una relaci√≥n entre moderada y fuerte, sugiriendo que la relaci√≥n entre el razonamiento espacial y el conocimiento astron√≥mico puede explicar hasta un 25% de la variaci√≥n em el desempe√Īo de los estudiantes. A comunidade da educa√ß√£o em astronomia tem suposto de forma impl√≠cita que o aprendizado da astronomia consiste em um dom√≠nio conceitual fundamentado no racioc√≠nio espacial. Como um primeiro passo para identificar formalmente uma rela√ß√£o emp√≠rica entre estas duas coisas, utilizamos como amostra os estudantes de gradua√ß√£o de carreiras n√£o cient√≠ficas de um curso explorat√≥rio em uma universidade norte-americana do meio-oeste de m√©dio porte com programa de Doutorado em andamento, onde estes estudantes foram submetidos a um diagn√≥stico de raciocino espacial e conceitos astron√īmicos antes e depois do mesmo. As ferramentas utilizadas foram o Test Of Astronomy Standards (TOAST) e o question√°rio What do you know? Utilizando somente dados completamente consistentes para esta an√°lise, nossa amostra consistiu de 86 estudantes de gradua√ß√£o. As melhoras, depois de normalizadas, do desempenho dos estudantes nos dois quesitos foram pequenas, 0.26 e 0.13 respectivamente. O racioc√≠nio espacial dos estudantes foi medido utilizando um instrumento espec√≠fico desenhado para este trabalho. As correla√ß√Ķes entre os resultados dos testes astron√īmicos e este instrumento espec√≠fico antes e depois do curso mostraram uma rela√ß√£o entre moderada e forte, sugerindo que a rela√ß√£o entre o racioc√≠nio espacial e o conhecimento astron√īmico pode explicar at√© um 25% na varia√ß√£o no desempenho dos estudantes.

  14. 76 FR 20668 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ....gov . Agreement No.: 011284-069. Title: Ocean Carrier Equipment Management Association Agreement... amendment deletes Hanjin Shipping as a party to the Agreement. Agreement No.: 012105-001. Title: SCM Lines Transportes/CCNI Agreement. Parties: Compania Chilena de Navegacion Interoceanica S.A. and SCM...

  15. Revisiting an era in Germany from the perspective of adolescents in mother-headed single-parent families.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Deepali; Silbereisen, Rainer K

    2007-02-01

    Much of the documented work on families headed by single mothers is based on empirical evidence from North America and a few Anglo-Saxon countries. Many researchers consider single-mother families to be at a disadvantage because of nonsupportive family policies. This paper uses data from a social context that differed hugely in this respect-the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The GDR provided extensive state support to single-mother families and, thus, was vastly different from other countries. Based on a literature review and using Hill's family stress theory, this paper is based on the hypothesis that adolescents living in mother-headed single-parent families and those living with their biological parents would have near-similar social outcomes (display of psychosomatic symptoms, perception of stress, display of delinquent behaviour, life satisfaction, academic self-efficacy, and academic grades) and family-related outcomes (relationship with parents and perception of family environment). Further, it was hypothesized that adolescents from stepfather families would display more negative social and family-related outcomes when compared with respondents from the other two family types. The sample comprised 1302 adolescents (M ¬†=¬† 13.82 years, SD ¬†=¬† 1.88) who were recruited from the city of Leipzig in the year immediately following German unification, 1991. Respondents reported on measures of psychosomatic symptoms, stress, delinquency, life satisfaction, academic achievement, and family-related variables. ANCOVAs, with a control for income adjusted for household size, indicated adolescents from single-mother families to have very similar experiences to respondents living with their biological parents on all measures except for their assessment of family environment. Adolescents living in stepfather families reported the least favourable experiences. Results are indicative of a social context in Germany that, despite unification and the early hardships for single-mother families, still provided these families with more opportunities than constraints. This paper was completed during a postdoctoral research fellowship from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation awarded to the first author at the Department of Developmental Psychology and Centre for Applied Developmental Science, University of Jena, Germany. La plupart de la recherche publi√©e sur les familles dirig√©es par des m√®res monoparentales est bas√©e sur l'√©vidence¬†empirique de l'Am√©rique du Nord et de quelques pays anglo-saxons. Plusieurs chercheurs consid√®rent les familles de m√®res monoparentales comme √©tant d√©savantag√©es √† cause des politiques familiales non supportantes. Cet article utilise des donn√©es provenant d'un contexte social qui diff√®re largement dans ce sens, soit la R√©publique d√©mocratique allemande (RDA). La RDA a offert un large soutien de l'√©tat aux familles de m√®res c√©libataires et √©tait ainsi largement diff√©rente des autres pays. En se fondant sur une recension des √©crits et en utilisant la th√©orie du stress familial de Hill, cet article est bas√© sur l'hypoth√®se que les adolescents vivant dans des familles monoparentales dirig√©es par des m√®res et ceux vivant avec leurs parents biologiques auraient des r√©sultats sociaux (manifestation de sympt√īmes psychosomatiques, perception du stress, expression du comportement d√©linquant satisfaction de la vie, auto-efficacit√© scolaire et notes scolaires) et des r√©sultats familiaux (relation avec les parents et perception de l'environnement familial) quasi similaires. De plus, nous avons √©mis l'hypoth√®se que les adolescents de familles recompos√©es avec beau-p√®re¬†d√©montreraient plus de r√©sultats familiaux et sociaux n√©gatifs, en comparaison aux r√©pondants des deux autres types de familles. L'√©chantillon comprend 1302 adolescents (M¬†=¬†13.82 ans, √©cart-type¬†=¬†1.88) et √©tait recrut√© de la ville de Leipzig pendant l'ann√©e qui a imm√©diatement suivi l'unification allemande, soit 1991. Les r√©pondants ont rapport√© sur des mesures de sympt√īmes psychosomatiques, de stress, de d√©linquance, de satisfaction de la vie, de l'accomplissement scolaire et des variables reli√©es a la famille. Des ANCOVAs, en contr√īlant pour le revenu ajust√© pour la taille du m√©nage, ont indiqu√© que les adolescents provenant de familles de m√®res monoparentales ont des exp√©riences tr√®s similaires aux r√©pondants vivant avec leurs parents biologiques sur toutes les mesures √† l'exception de leur √©valuation de l'environnement familial. Les adolescents vivant dans des familles recompos√©es avec beau-p√®re ont rapport√© les exp√©riences les moins favorables. Les r√©sultats de cette √©tude d√©voilent un contexte social en Allemagne qui, malgr√© l'unification du pays et ses difficult√©s initiales pour les familles de m√®res monoparentales, leur a quand m√™me offert plus d'opportunit√©s que de contraintes. Gran parte de trabajo documentado con familias encabezadas por una madre soltera se basa en datos de pa√≠ses del norte de Am√©rica y anglo sajones. Muchos investigadores consideran a las familias de madre soltera en desventaja, debido a pol√≠ticas que no apoyan a las familias. Este trabajo emplea datos de un contexto social diferente, la Rep√ļblica Democr√°tica Alemana (RDA). La RDA proporcion√≥ gran apoyo estatal a las familias de madres solteras y, por lo tanto, difer√≠a ampliamente de otros pa√≠ses. Este trabajo, basado en la revisi√≥n de la literatura y empleando la teor√≠a del estr√©s familiar de Hill, propone como hip√≥tesis que habr√≠a similitud entre los adolescentes que viven en familias de madre soltera y aqu√©llos que viven con ambos padres biol√≥gicos respecto a desenlaces sociales (manifestaci√≥n de s√≠ntomas psicosom√°ticos, percepci√≥n de estr√©s, manifestaci√≥n de conducta delincuente, satisfacci√≥n con la vida, autoeficacia acad√©mica, y calificaciones escolares) y desenlaces relativos a la familia ( relaci√≥n con los padres y percepci√≥n del ambiente familiar). Es m√°s, se propuso la hip√≥tesis de que los adolescentes de familias con padrastro manifestar√≠an m√°s efectos sociales y familiares negativos al compararse con adolescentes provenientes de los otros dos tipos de familias. La muestra, compuesta por 1302 adolescentes (M¬†=¬†13.82 a√Īos, SD¬†=¬†1.88), se reclut√≥ en la ciudad de Leipzig al a√Īo siguiente de la unificaci√≥n de Alemania, 1991. Los participantes respondieron a medidas de s√≠ntomas psicosom√°ticos, estr√©s, delincuencia, satisfacci√≥n por la vida, desempe√Īo acad√©mico y variables relativas a la familia. Los an√°lisis de covarianza aplicados, controlando el ingreso ajustado al tama√Īo de la familia, sugirieron que los adolescentes de familias de madre soltera ten√≠an experiencias muy similares a las de aqu√©llos que viv√≠an con sus padres biol√≥gicos en todas las medidas, excepto en la de evaluaci√≥n del ambiente familiar. Los adolescentes que viv√≠an en familias con padrastro informaron experiencias menos favorables. Los resultados son indicativos de que el contexto social en Alemania proporcion√≥ a√ļn m√°s oportunidades que restricciones a las familias de madre soltera, a pesar de la unificaci√≥n y el comienzo de las dificultades que √©sta les impuso. PMID:24274779

  16. Exploring with Technology: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Exploremos con tecnologia: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides computer literacy activities for…

  17. "Estudia para que no te pase lo que a mi": Narrativas Culturales Sobre el Valor de la Escuela en Familias Mexicanas ("Study So That What Happened to Me Doesn't Happen to You": Cultural Narratives about the Value of Schooling in Mexican Families).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos, Claudia Saucedo

    2003-01-01

    Narratives used by parents in Mexican working-class families to motivate their children to study are examined for the advice offered and parental attitudes about the importance of school. The integration of contemporary pressures about the value of schooling is investigated, as well as the ways in which the value of schooling is being…

  18. El juego entre el nacimiento y los 7 anos: Un manual para ludotecarias. Investigacion-accion sobre la Familia y la Primera Infancia. UNESCO Sector de Educacion Monografia (Play between Birth and 7 Years: A Manual for Preschool Teachers. Action Research in Family and Early Childhood. UNESCO Education Sector Monograph).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grellet, Carolina

    The purpose of this Spanish-language manual is to help preschool teachers better understand theoretical concepts related to children's play. Following a preface that discusses UNESCO's activities related to early childhood education, the two main sections of the manual discuss children's play between 0-2 years and 2-7 years. Each section includes…

  19. En sus marcas--Listos--A leer! Para las familias: Actividades de lenguaje para la primera infancia y ninez entre el nacimiento y los 5 anos. El reto: A leer, America! (Ready--Set--Read! For Families: Early Childhood Language Activities for Children from Birth through Age Five. America Reads Challenge).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This Ready--Set--Read Kit includes an activity guide for families, a 1997-98 early childhood activity calendar, and an early childhood growth wallchart. The activity guide presents activities and ideas that families (adults who have nurturing relationships with a child--a mother, father, grandparent, other relative, or close friend) can use to…

  20. Educacao Intercultural e a Dificuldade de sua Pratica: Um Estudo da Imagem do Migrante e sua Familia em Livros Didaticos Alemaes. (Intercultural Education and the Difficulty of Its Practice: A Study of the Image of the Migrant and His Family in German Textbooks.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weller, Wivian

    1995-01-01

    Provides a brief historical report on pedagogical efforts to improve the integration of migrants and their families into German society. Examines the way in which the migrants' social situation has been dealt with in textbooks, particularly in books on politics, history, geography, and occupational education. (PA)

  1. El Mundo del Nino con Trastornos del Desarrollo: Un Manual para Padres con un Directorio de Servicios que Existen para las Familias del Condado de Lake, Illinois (The World of the Child with Developmental Disorders: A Parents Manual with a Directory of Services for Families in Lake County, Illinois).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suelzle, Marijean; Keenan, Vincent

    Intended for parents of developmentally disabled children, the handbook, in Spanish, provides information on service needs and services available in Lake County, Illinois. Section I focuses on life course planning with sections of diagnosis and assessment, professionals involved with special education, education for the developmentally disabled,…

  2. Art and Writing: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Arte y escritura: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents and…

  3. Words All around Us: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Palabras y palabras a nuestro alrededor: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents and…

  4. Building Adult Relationships: Are You Treated as an Equal in Your Family? (A Pamphlet for People with Disbilities) [and] Como Establecer Relaciones Adultas: Se Lo Trata a UD. Igual que a Los Demas Adultos en Su Familia? (Un Panfleto para las Personas con Impedimentos).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baron, Carla

    Two booklets, in English and Spanish, are addressed to disabled adults and offer guidelines for building adult relationships within the family. Stressed are the importance of feeling good about oneself, learning to make decisions, and developing good communication skills so that family balance is maintained. Also included are lists of the types of…

  5. Educacion, Salud y Bienestar para el Nino Preescolar y la Familia. (5 de Enero--28 de Febrero, 1997) Informe Curso sobre (Education, Health, and Well-Being of Preschool Children and the Family. January 5 - February 28, 1997. Report of a Course).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golda Meir Mount Carmel International Training Centre, Haifa (Israel).

    This report describes a course held in Spanish at the Golda Meir Mount Carmel International Training Center in Haifa, Israel. The course considered various themes related to the education, health, and well-being of preschool children. Participants were 30 individuals from Central and South American countries who held decision-making positions in…

  6. Reading with Children: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = La lectura con los ninos: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents and…

  7. Art and Writing: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Arte y escritura: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents andÖ

  8. Reading with Children: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = La lectura con los ninos: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents andÖ

  9. Words All around Us: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Palabras y palabras a nuestro alrededor: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents andÖ

  10. Talking, Singing, Rhyming: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Hablar, cantar, recitar: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents andÖ

  11. Exploring with Technology: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Exploremos con tecnologia: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides computer literacy activities forÖ

  12. Talking, Singing, Rhyming: Activities for Families with Children Ages 3 to 5 [Presented by]"Between the Lions[R]" = Hablar, cantar, recitar: Actividades para familias con ninos de 3 a 5 anos [presentado por]"Between the Lions[R]."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    "Between the Lions" is a Public Broadcasting System program promoting literacy for children ages 4 through 7 years combining state-of-the-art puppetry, animation, live action, and music to achieve its mission of helping young children learn to read. This guide, in English- and Spanish-language versions, provides literacy activities for parents and…

  13. Neuroimagen en la enfermedad de Alzheimer: nuevas perspectivas

    PubMed Central

    Becker, James T.

    2012-01-01

    Introducci√≥n y desarrollo En los pr√≥ximos 50 a√Īos vamos a presenciar un incremento significativo de la poblaci√≥n mayor de 65 a√Īos y por lo tanto va a aumentar, considerablemente, el n√ļmero de individuos con riesgo de desarrollar demencias neurodegenerativas, especialmente la enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA). Las estrategias actuales de tratamiento farmacol√≥gico y no farmacol√≥gico se han centrado en las fases sintom√°ticas de esta enfermedad y, gradualmente, vamos teniendo una mayor comprensi√≥n de los posibles factores de riesgo del s√≠ndrome cl√≠nico. Conclusiones Los estudios de neuroimagen han sido muy √ļtiles para mostrar los cambios estructurales del envejecimiento normal y patol√≥gico, as√≠ como tambi√©n los factores de riesgo para la EA. Los tratamientos apropiados de los factores de riesgo y su posible combinaci√≥n con tratamientos espec√≠ficos para la EA podr√≠an prolongar el per√≠odo presintom√°tico de la EA y, por tanto, mejorar la calidad de vida y disminuir la carga para el paciente, la familia y la sociedad. PMID:20517866

  14. La dinámica demográfica y la desigualdad educativa en Méxicoa

    PubMed Central

    Giorguli Saucedo, Silvia E.; Vargas Valle, Eunice D.; Ulloa, Viviana Salinas; Hubert, Celia; Potter, Joseph E.

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta una investigaci√≥n sobre el v√≠nculo entre los procesos educativos y la din√°mica demogr√°fica en M√©xico. La tradici√≥n del pensamiento sobre poblaci√≥n y desarrollo ha partido de la hip√≥tesis de que el ritmo de crecimiento poblacional, el tama√Īo de las familias y la migraci√≥n influyen sobre la acumulaci√≥n de capital humano entre la poblaci√≥n en edades escolares. Se explora aqu√≠ la relaci√≥n del desempe√Īo educativo de los j√≥venes entre 14 y 23 a√Īos y la raz√≥n de dependencia juvenil, la fecundidad adolescente y la migraci√≥n interna e internacional; para ello se utilizan datos agregados a escala municipal del a√Īo 2000. El an√°lisis incluye indicadores de la oferta educativa municipal basados en estad√≠sticas administrativas de la SEP. PMID:26146427

  15. Hacer frente - La adaptación al cáncer

    Cancer.gov

    Información para ayudarle a usted y a su familia a enfrentar los desafíos que representa el cáncer en su vida. Incluye temas sobre cómo hablar con sus médicos, sugerencias para hablar con sus hijos, cambios en su familia e información sobre grupos de apoy

  16. A Voice and a Vote: The Advisory Board Experiences of Spanish-Speaking Latina Mothers

    PubMed Central

    DeCamp, Lisa Ross; Gregory, Emily; Polk, Sarah; Chrismer, Marilyn Camacho; Giusti, Flor; Thompson, Darcy A.; Sibinga, Erica

    2016-01-01

    Latino children experience disparities in health care access and quality. Family advisory groups for clinics and hospitals may be one way to address disparities. We implemented and sustained an advisory board whose parent participants were exclusively limited-English proficient Latina mothers. As part of the board evaluation, we conducted semistructured individual interviews with parent participants during initial participation and after the final board meeting of the year. Members were satisfied with their board participation in both initial and follow-up interviews. They reported that board membership was an important way to improve clinic services and a unique opportunity for Latinos in the community. Experiences of discrimination and marginalization in health care settings were a theme across interviews. Members reported board membership countered these negative experiences. An advisory board including Spanish-speaking parents is an opportunity to engage vulnerable populations, which may result in broader impact on health care disparities. Los ni√Īos latinos experimentan disparidad en el acceso y calidad del cuidado de salud. Grupos de familias asesoras para cl√≠nicas y hospitales pueden ser una forma de hacer frente a las disparidades. Nosotros implementamos y sostuvimos un consejo asesor cuyos participantes fueron exclusivamente madres latinas con dominio limitado del ingl√©s. Como parte de la evaluaci√≥n del consejo, condujimos entrevistas semi-estructuradas individuales con las madres participantes durante la participaci√≥n inicial y despu√©s de la √ļltima reuni√≥n del a√Īo del consejo. Los miembros estaban satisfechas con su participaci√≥n en el consejo en ambas entrevistas, la inicial y la de seguimiento. Ellas reportaron que ser miembros del consejo era una forma importante para mejorar los servicios de la cl√≠nica y una oportunidad √ļnica para los latinos en la comunidad. Las experiencias de discriminaci√≥n y marginalizaci√≥n en las instalaciones de cuidado de salud eran un tema a lo largo de las entrevistas. Los miembros reportaron que ser miembros del consejo contrarrest√≥ estas experiencias negativas. Un consejo asesor incluyendo padres que hablan espa√Īol es una oportunidad para involucrar a poblaciones vulnerables, las cuales pueden resultar en un impacto m√°s amplio en las disparidades del cuidado de salud. PMID:26671562

  17. Una novedosa herramienta estad√≠stica para desentra√Īar las caracter√≠sticas intr√≠nsecas de una distribuci√≥n de datos astrof√≠sicos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferrero, I.; Piatti, A. E.

    The statistical analysis of a sample of data includes the collection; the analysis and the interpretation of them. For example; the construction of histograms has proven to be a powerful tool in statistics; from which it is possible to obtain an overview of the distribution of the data sample considered. In some circumstances; however; the results often depend on the way they are constructed (e.g. size of the bins used; etc.) leading to a variety of possible interpretations. Specifically; this paper presents a statistical method that allows to unravel the intrinsic distribution of a n-dimensional data distribution from "adaptive bins" and the consideration of the errors of the data used. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  18. Una Nueva IDEA: Una Guia para Padres acerca de los Cambios en la Ley de Educacion Especial para Ninos con Incapacidades (A New IDEA: A Parent's Guide to the Changes in Social Education Law for Children with Disabilities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seltzer, Tammy

    This guide for parents, in Spanish, explains the changes in the federal special education law resulting from the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Changes related to the parent's role in decisions about the child's education and in how schools can discipline special education students are highlighted. A…

  19. La Migracion Como Una Transicion Critica para la Persona en Su Ambiente. Una Interpretacion Organismico Evolutiva. (Migration as a Critical Person-in-Environment Transition: An Organismic-Developmental Interpretation.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pacheco, Angel M.; And Others

    In order to explore some of the changes and stresses connected with migration and return migration, a study was conducted among migrants returning from the United States mainland to Puerto Rico. The sample consisted of 75 adolescents participating in a Bilingual Education program in Puerto Rico. Data were collected using Psychological Distance…

  20. Incidental Vocabulary Learning in Second Language Acquisition: A Literature Review (Aprendizaje incidental de vocabulario en la adquisición de una segunda lengua: una revisión de literatura)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Restrepo Ramos, Falcon Dario

    2015-01-01

    This literature review aims to analyze previous studies that address the incidental learning of vocabulary in second language acquisition. The articles included in this literature review look into the understanding of vocabulary learning through incidental means, the relationship of reading and incidental vocabulary learning, and the strategies…

  1. Peer Interaction: A Social Perspective towards the Development of Foreign Language Learning (Interacción entre pares: una perspectiva social hacia el desarrollo del aprendizaje en una lengua extranjera)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gómez Lobatón, July Carolina

    2011-01-01

    This pedagogical innovation aims at discovering new ways of interaction that go beyond the unidirectional relationship that is presented in the classrooms most of the times. The innovation considers peers to be active agents in the construction of knowledge and proposes new ways to arrange groups in the classroom so that the arrangement can…

  2. Una Escoba para Ana, Cien Oficios para Juan. Quinto Modulo de una Serie para Maestros de Escuela Elemental. (A Broom for Anna, A Hundred Jobs for John. Fifth Module of a Series for Elementary School Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molina, Carmen Eneida, Ed.; And Others

    This guide for teachers, in English and Spanish, examines the stereotyped work roles assigned to men and women. The guide examines educational materials that perpetuate these roles and presents teaching alternatives which reinforce students' self esteem and confidence. A pre-test and post-test are included to measure the user's awareness of…

  3. Il volto della Luna da Plutarco a Newton. Storia di una teoria ellenistica della gravità

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cappi, Alberto

    2013-03-01

    In his dialogue "De Facie quae in Orbe Lunae apparet", Plutarch includes a discussion on a non-Aristotelian theory of gravity. I describe how this theory could be developed during the Hellenistic period and its influence on the cosmological debate along the centuries until the beginning of modern science. (Text in Italian)

  4. Una Nacion En Peligro: La Necesidad Imperiosa de Reformar La Ensenanza. (A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Commission on Excellence in Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report: (1) investigates the declining state of the educational system in America, as measured by high school student performance in the United States and other countries; (2) identifies specific problem areas; and (3) offers multiple recommendations for improvement. The five major recommendations arrived at appear, respectively, under the…

  5. Una Vida de Esperanza (A Life of Hope). Out of Poverty and Violence Comes the Poetry of Luis Rodriguez.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullard, Sara, Ed.

    1993-01-01

    Explores the childhood and adolescence of the Hispanic American poet Luis Rodriguez, who grew up in Los Angeles (California) and was involved in gangs with other children of Mexican immigrants. Rodriguez's autobiography is offered so that adolescents, including his own son, may learn from his experience. (SLD)

  6. PREVENCI√ďN DEL VIH/SIDA EN LOS CIRCUITOS DE LEVANTE HSH: UNA ASIGNATURA PENDIENTE1

    PubMed Central

    Barreda, Victoria; Carballo-Dieguez, Alex; Marone, Rub√©n; Bal√°n, Iv√°n; Pando, Mar√≠a √Āngeles; √Āvila, Mar√≠a Mercedes

    2011-01-01

    Resumen A partir de un relevamiento de tipo etnográfico, se describen lugares de encuentro de HSH en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y sus prácticas sexuales. El reconocimiento de tales espacios, así como las características que asumen en ellos los encuentros sexuales entre los HSH, plantean obstáculos específicos en la adopción de comportamientos preventivos y, asimismo, generan nuevos desafíos para las actividades de prevención. Se plantean las dificultades y debates conceptuales que la misma categoría presenta, y sus consecuencias en el abordaje preventivo y teórico-metodológico para las ciencias sociales. Además, se proponen nuevos interrogantes acerca de los alcances y las limitaciones del modelo preventivo del VIH/Sida para HSH. PMID:21874154

  7. Reconnaissance evaluation of Honduran geothermal sites. Una evaluacion por medio de reconocimiento de seis areas geotermicas en Honduras

    SciTech Connect

    Eppler, D.; Fakundiny, R.; Ritchie, A.

    1986-12-01

    Six geothermal spring sites were selected on the basis of preliminary investigations conducted in Honduras over the last decade and were evaluated in terms of their development potential. Of the six, the Platanares and San Ignacio sites have high base temperatures and high surface fluid discharge rates and appear to have the best potential for further development as sources of electrical power. A third site, Azacualpa, has a high enough base temperature and discharge rate to be considered as a back-up, but the logistical problems involved in geophysical surveys make it less attractive than the two primary sites. Of the remaining three sites, Pavana may be a source of direct-use heat for local agricultural processing. Sambo Creek and El Olivar have either severe logistical problems that would impede further investigation and development or base temperatures and flow rates that are too low to warrant detailed investigation at this time.

  8. Linguistica applicata e glottodidattica: Una collana per insegnanti (Applied Linguistics and Language Teaching: A Series for Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salvi, Rita

    1988-01-01

    A series on language teaching and learning for teachers includes books on the following topics: (1) psycholinguistics (Titone); (2) the role of the brain in language acquisition (Danesi); (3) the creative language of children (Crema & De Robertis); and (4) suggestopedia (Lozanov & Gateva). (CFM)

  9. Hacia una adaptación cultural para el tratamiento de trastornos alimentarios en latinos en Estados Unidos

    PubMed Central

    Reyes-Rodríguez, Mae Lynn; Bulik, Cynthia M.

    2011-01-01

    Eating disorders affect all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. However, evidence based treatments for eating disorders have been developed and tested exclusively on Caucasian populations. With the purpose to develop a culturally sensitive framework for the eating disorders treatment in Latinos/as, the objectives of this work were: 1) identify and describe some of the relevant cultural elements for eating disorders in the Latino population and, 2) to draft a culturally sensitive intervention model for eating disorders in Latino population in the United States. Providing culturally sensitive treatments for Latinos with psychiatric disorders is essential to reverse public health disparities. PMID:22003472

  10. La Formacion Docente y la Educacion Primaria en Una Propuesta de Cambio (Teacher Training on Education: A Proposal for Change).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez, Enrique Alonso, Ed.

    In order to raise the quality of teaching and teacher education in Uruguay, a program of innovation and change was considered at a 1986 educational conference. Conference goals included identifying ways to: (1) increase opportunities to promote innovation and change; (2) search for strategies to encourage creative problem solving; (3) increase…

  11. Una formalizacion tentativa del problema de la barrera linguistica (A Tentative Formalization of the Problem of Linguistic Barriers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zierer, Ernesto

    1971-01-01

    The formulas presented in this paper provide the means for showing the ease with which scientific information can be passed from one language into another. The formulas are based on several factors. The linguistic barrier can be measured to illustrate the relative degree of difference between two languages based on a comparison of vocabulary,…

  12. Una vision holistica de la educacion superior en contextos posmodernos (The Integrative Conception of Postmodern Higher Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee; Zoreda-Lozano, Juan Jose

    This paper argues that current "postmodern" conditions demand a rethinking of higher education, especially in countries like Mexico. This would involve the rapprochement of science, technology, and the humanities, based on the belief that the chasm separating them, apart from being artificial, is no longer socially viable. Through a critical…

  13. Intensive Behavioral Intervention for School-Aged Children with Autism: Una Breccia nel Muro (UBM)--A Comprehensive Behavioral Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fava, Leonardo; Vicari, Stefano; Valeri, Giovanni; D'Elia, Lidia; Arima, Serena; Strauss, Kristin

    2012-01-01

    Although, reviews and outcome research supports empirical evidence for Early Intensive Behavior Intervention in pre-scholars, intensive behavioral service provision for school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are less subject to research studies. In order to provide effective behavioral interventions for school-aged children it…

  14. Personal Safety for Children: A Guide for Parents = Una guia para los padres sobre la seguridad personal de los ninos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Justice, Washington, DC.

    Noting that parents and teachers have the responsibility of safeguarding children and teaching them the skills they need to be safe, this pamphlet, in Spanish and English versions, is designed to help parents talk to their children about how to protect themselves against abduction and exploitation. The pamphlet is organized into six sections.…

  15. Our Treasures: A Celebration of Nebraska's Mexican Heritage = Nuestros Tesoros: Una celebracion de la herencia mexicana de Nebraska.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln.

    This publication is intended as a resource guide for teachers, students, and librarians interested in Mexican American culture, and for groups wishing to conduct local community research using oral histories. The Mexican American Traditions in Nebraska project was designed to document and preserve the richness of Nebraska's Mexican culture. The…

  16. Una Guia Para Los Tutores del Programa de Alfabetizacion en Espanol (Guide for Spanish Literacy Program Tutors).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schildgen, Emilia G., Comp.

    Ideas and guidance for literacy program tutors are offered. This guide presents the characteristics of an adult learner, in contrast to a student from elementary or high school, and describes how the relationship between the tutor and the student should be established and maintained. Goals should be set up at the beginning of the program, keeping…

  17. How To Start a Family Day Care = Como Iniciar una Guarderia en El Hogar. [Videotape and Viewer's Guide].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raphael, Doris; Weisman, Douglas

    Being a family day care provider is work that requires professional responsibilities and attention to the physical, emotional, and educational well-being of children; listening and responding to parents; and running a business. This videotape, in English- and Spanish-language versions, explores the elements involved in starting up a family day…

  18. Distribución superficial de impactos en Iapetus originada por el remanente de una colisión

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zoppetti, F. A.; Leiva, A. M.; Briozzo, C. B.

    2015-08-01

    By means of Circular Restricted Three Body Problem Saturn--Iapetus, we analize potential impact distributions on the surface of Iapetus, originated from considering a low-energy population generated as remnants of a collisional event occurred in the past on the surface of this satellite. The results are analized in order to offer a new approach to explain the origin of the albedo dichotomy observed on Iapetus.

  19. How To Start a Family Day Care = Como Iniciar una Guarderia en El Hogar. [Videotape and Viewer's Guide].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raphael, Doris; Weisman, Douglas

    Being a family day care provider is work that requires professional responsibilities and attention to the physical, emotional, and educational well-being of children; listening and responding to parents; and running a business. This videotape, in English- and Spanish-language versions, explores the elements involved in starting up a family dayÖ

  20. Una Mejor Opportunidad para Aprender: La Educacion Bilingue Bicultural (A Better Chance to Learn: Bilingual-Bicultural Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The effectiveness of bilingual bicultural education as a means of increasing the opportunities of language minority students is examined in this report, which is addressed to educators and the general public. First, an introduction defines key terms, briefly outlines controversies which surround bilingual education, and describes the contents ofÖ

  1. Educacion Ambiental en las Escuelas: Creando una Programa que Funcione! (Environmental Education in the Schools: Creating a Program That Works!).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braus, Judy A.; Wood, David

    This book is a manual that enables teachers to formulate an effective program of environmental education across multiple grade levels and cultural settings. A section provides tips for using the book, followed by nine chapters dealing with different aspects of developing and implementing an environmental education program. Chapter 1 presents a…

  2. Puentes hacia una mejor vida (Bridges to a Better Life): Outcome of a Diabetes Control Peer Support Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Ayala, Guadalupe X.; Ibarra, Leticia; Cherrington, Andrea L.; Parada, Humberto; Horton, Lucy; Ji, Ming; Elder, John P.

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE Peer support can promote diabetes control, yet research on feasible and effective peer support models is lacking. This randomized controlled trial tested a volunteer-based model of peer support for diabetes control. METHODS Thirty-four volunteer peer leaders were recruited and trained to provide support to 5 to 8 patients each through telephone contact, in-person, individual, and group support. Planned dose was 8 contacts, preferably in the first 6 months. Patients with uncontrolled diabetes were randomly sampled from the medical records of 3 community clinics. After a baseline interview and medical records review to obtain baseline values for the primary outcome, HbA1c, 336 patient participants were randomly assigned to a 12-month peer support intervention or usual care. The assessment protocol was repeated at 6 and 12 months after baseline. RESULTS Thirty peer leaders delivered an average of 4 contacts each per assigned participant (range 1‚Äď24). Despite the lack of intervention fidelity, the intervention was effective at reducing glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) among intervention as compared with usual care participants (P=0.05). Similar trends were observed in frequency of meeting fruit and vegetable guidelines (P =0.09), a secondary outcome. Counterintuitively, usual care participants reported checking their feet more days out of 7 than intervention participants (P =0.03). CONCLUSIONS Given the modest changes we observed, combined with other evidence for peer support to promote diabetes control, additional research is needed on how to modify the system of care to increase the level of peer support delivered by volunteers. PMID:26304977

  3. La Formacion Docente y la Educacion Primaria en Una Propuesta de Cambio (Teacher Training on Education: A Proposal for Change).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez, Enrique Alonso, Ed.

    In order to raise the quality of teaching and teacher education in Uruguay, a program of innovation and change was considered at a 1986 educational conference. Conference goals included identifying ways to: (1) increase opportunities to promote innovation and change; (2) search for strategies to encourage creative problem solving; (3) increaseÖ

  4. El Desarrollo Social de los Ninos: Una Lista de Cotejo. ERIC Digest. (Young Children's Social Development: A Checklist. ERIC Digest.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClellan, Diane E.; Katz, Lilian G.

    The best childhood predictor of later adult adaptation is the adequacy with which a child gets along with other children. Because social development begins in the early years, it is appropriate that early childhood programs include regular formal and informal assessment of children's acquisition of social competence. This digest presents the…

  5. Promoviendo una Alimentación Saludable (PAS) Design and Methods: Engaging Latino Families in Eating Disorder Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Reyes-Rodríguez, Mae Lynn; Bulik, Cynthia M.; Hamer, Robert M.; Baucom, Donald H.

    2013-01-01

    The use of culturally sensitive intervention could improve mental health care for the eating disorders treatment in the Latino population. The aim of this report is to describe the rationale, design, and methods of the ongoing study entitled ‚ÄúEngaging Latino families in eating disorders treatment.‚ÄĚ The primary aim of the study is to compare (a) the combined effect of individual cognitive behavioral therapy for bulimia nervosa (CBT-BN) that has been previously adapted for the Latino population plus Family Enhanced (FE) modules, with (b) the standard adapted individual CBT-BN in a proof-of-principle study with 40 Latina adults with eating disorders and one relative or significant other per patient. We hypothesize that 1) the feasibility, acceptability, and adherence of participants in CBT-BN+ FE will be superior to individual CBT-BN only; 2) relatives in CBT-BN+ FE will report greater treatment satisfaction, greater reduction in family conflict, and greater decreases in caregiver burden than relatives in the individual CBT-BN only condition; and 3) patients who participate in CBT-BN+ FE will show trends towards greater decreases in ED symptoms compared with patients in CBT-BN only; although power will be limited to detect this difference. However, we predict that they will show greater retention in treatment, greater treatment satisfaction, and greater decreases in family conflict than patients in CBT-BN only. The completion of this investigation will yield important information regarding the acceptability and feasibility of a culturally sensitive evidence-based treatment model for Latinos with eating disorders. (Word Count=240) PMID:23376815

  6. Estudios de medicina de precisión para cáncer: empieza una nueva era

    Cancer.gov

    Avances en gen√≥mica, en exploraciones con im√°genes, bioinform√°tica y disciplinas relacionadas nos permiten dise√Īar estudios m√°s peque√Īos, m√°s r√°pidos y m√°s inteligentes que incorporan los principios esenciales de la medicina de precisi√≥n.

  7. Hacia una adaptación cultural para el tratamiento de trastornos alimentarios en latinos en Estados Unidos.

    PubMed

    Reyes-Rodríguez, Mae Lynn; Bulik, Cynthia M

    2010-01-01

    Eating disorders affect all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. However, evidence based treatments for eating disorders have been developed and tested exclusively on Caucasian populations. With the purpose to develop a culturally sensitive framework for the eating disorders treatment in Latinos/as, the objectives of this work were: 1) identify and describe some of the relevant cultural elements for eating disorders in the Latino population and, 2) to draft a culturally sensitive intervention model for eating disorders in Latino population in the United States. Providing culturally sensitive treatments for Latinos with psychiatric disorders is essential to reverse public health disparities. PMID:22003472

  8. Desarrollo de una intervención grupal para la prevención del VIH en parejas heterosexuales1

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-Jiménez, David; Escabí Montalvo, Aracelis; del Carmen Cabrera Aponte, María

    2012-01-01

    HIV preventive efforts with heterosexual couples are almost nonexistent. We designed a group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model with the aim of increasing male condom use and promoting the practice of mutual masturbation as a safer sex alternative. We carried out a pilot study with four couples to evaluate the feasibility of the intervention and the aspects of content and format that needed to be modified. Findings reflect that participants were very satisfied with the intervention and they found it entertaining and innovative. They were very comfortable with its format, as well as with the activities. The findings confirm the feasibility of this intervention and the need to direct preventive efforts to this population. PMID:23847716

  9. Una miscelanea de refranes espanoles raros, curiosos, y jocosos (A Miscellany of Rare, Curious and Humorous Spanish Proverbs).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Francis

    This listing of unusual Spanish proverbs contains words of wisdom on money, doctors, agriculture, students, procrastination, pessimism, war, good and evil, religion, God, and a host of other topics. The topic of each proverb is given in English. (CHK)

  10. Compartiendo la Ciencia con los Ninos: Una Guia para los Padres (Sharing Science with Children: A Guide for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina Museum of Life and Science, Durham.

    This guide offers Spanish-speaking parents ways in which they can help their children learn about science at home and in the community. Science is a way of looking at the world. It uses everyday techniques such as observation and classification to give us information about things and how they work. Advice to parents that want to support their…

  11. Una Guia de Consejos Practicos Sobre la Lectura para los Padres (A Guide to Reading Tips for Parents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    The No Child Left Behind program changes the federal role in education by asking America's schools to describe their success in terms of what each student accomplishes. The information in this reading guide, presented in Spanish, was developed by the United States Department of Education to assist parents, caregivers, and teachers in understanding…

  12. Bienvenido a los Estados Unidos. Una Guia para Refugiados (Welcome to the United States. A Guide for Refugees). First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Economic and Social Research Council, Edinburgh (Scotland). Centre for Educational Sociology.

    This guidebook provides Spanish-speaking refugees being resettled in the United States with general information about what they will encounter and the services they can receive in their first months in the country. This is the Spanish version, and is available in several other languages. The book is distributed to overseas processing agencies,…

  13. Una Crisis para la Educacion Bilingue en Nuevo Mexico. (A Crisis for Bilingual Education in New Mexico)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benavides, Ezequiel

    1976-01-01

    Written in Spanish and English, this article briefly reviews the bilingual picture in New Mexico. If New Mexico is to succeed in attracting Federal monies for bilingual education, it must strive for unity in its efforts and objectives. (NQ)

  14. Simulation of the roughness of the border of a molecule. Simulacion del arrugamiento del borde de una monocapa

    SciTech Connect

    Ramirez, R.; Schneider, M.; Rahman, A.; Schuller, I.K.

    1987-02-01

    We have solved, using molecular dynamics techniques, a model which consists of a 487-particle movable overlayer on an infinite rigid substrate. The interaction J/sub 1/ between the boundary and interior atoms of the overlayer is weaker than those between interior atoms. We have found that the roughness of the border of the overlayer increases with increasing temperature and with decreasing J/sub 1/, contrary to the interpretation of Kolaczkiewicz and Bauer of their experiment of an overlayer of Au on a W substrate. We also argue that the Kolaczkiewicz-Bauer claim that their experimental setup is a realization of the Abraham model for the 2D ferromagnetic Ising model, has to be revised.

  15. Schoolwide Programs: Parents' Guide & Capacity-Building Materials = Programas Schoolwide: Una Guia para Padres y Materias de Capacitacion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

    The reauthorization of Title I (Improving America's Schools Act--IASA) made the Schoolwide Program (Schoolwide) a major strategy for schools with high poverty rates and stressed the importance of parent involvement. This guide was developed to provide professional development and parent education on Schoolwide implementation in California. The…

  16. La Traduccion Simultanea como Materia en Una Carrera de Lenguas (Simultaneous Translation as a Course in a Foreign Language Program)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, D.

    1977-01-01

    A description of the foreign language curriculum at the university level in which courses in simultaneous translation are required. The size and composition of the groups are described as well as methods used to develop skill in translating and interpreting. Results are assessed. (Text is in Spanish.) (AMH)

  17. Ionización en una atmósfera de carbono deficiente en hidrógeno

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milone, L. A.; Merlo, D. C.

    Assuming that LTE prevails, the ionization stage was analyzed in the atmosphere of a hydrogen defficient carbon (HdC) star: Y = 0.928, Zc = 0.056, X = 7 √ó 10-5, and remaining elements in approximately solar abundance (Z = 0.072). It is shown that in the shallower atmospheric layers, electron density in HdC is similar to that found in normal stars (as a consequence of assuming a quite similar metal abundance); in intermediate layers, C is the principal electron-donor, resembling H in normal composition stars, but similarity is not complete, as C is not so abundant in these stars as H is in normal stars (0.70 <= X <= 0.75). In deeper layers, He is the principal electron contributor. These facts, as well as the chemical composition, bring some consequences on the absorption in the stellar atmosphere; in solar composition stars, population II and HdC stars of medium temperature (5000 <= T <= 8000 K), the importance of different absorbers was analyzed. It was found that in the visual region, the absorption in a HdC star atmosphere is smaller than in a normal star. This paper will be published in full elsewhere and further details will be given there.

  18. Una prueba emp√≠rica de generadores de n√ľmeros pseudoaleatorios mediante un proceso de decaimiento exponencial

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coronel-Brizio, H. F.; Hern√°ndez-Montoya, A. R.; Jim√©nez-Monta√Īo, M. A.; Mora-Forsbach, L. E.

    2007-10-01

    Empirical tests for pseudorandom number generators based on the use of processes or physical models have been successfuly used and are considered as complementary to theoretical test of randomness. In this work a statistical methodology for evaluating the quality of pseudorandom number generators is presented. The method is illustrated in the context of the so-called exponential decay process, using some pseudorandom number generators commonly used in physics.

  19. [National consensus for management of community acquired pneumonia in adults].

    PubMed

    Saldías P, Fernando; Pérez C, Carlos

    2005-01-01

    Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute respiratory infection that affects pulmonary parenchyma, and is caused by community acquired microorganisms. In Chile, pneumonia represents the main cause of death due to infectious diseases and is the third specific cause of mortality in adults. In 1999, an experts committee in representation of "Sociedad Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias", presented the first National Guidelines for the Treatment of Adult Community Acquired Pneumonia, mainly based in foreign experience and documents, and adapted it to our National Health System Organization. During the last decade, impressive epidemiological and technological changes have occurred, making the update of guidelines for treatment of NAC by several international scientific societies, necessary. These changes include: new respiratory pathogens that are being identified in CAP and affect adult patients (Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila); the increasing senescent adult population that carries multiple co-morbidities; the emergence of antimicrobial resistance among respiratory pathogens associated to massive antibiotic prescription; the development by the pharmaceutical industry of new drugs that are effective for pneumonia treatment (macrolides, ketolides and respiratory fluorquinolones); and the development of new diagnostic techniques for detection of antigens, antibodies, and bacterial DNA by molecular biology, useful in respiratory infections. Based on these antecedents, an Advisory Committee of "Sociedad Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias" and "Sociedad Chilena de Infectología" has reviewed the national and international evidence about CAP management in adults in order to update clinical recommendations for our country. PMID:16163422

  20. Cirugía de los trastornos del comportamiento: el estado del arte

    PubMed Central

    Yampolsky, Claudio; Bendersky, Dami√°n

    2014-01-01

    Introducci√≥n: La cirug√≠a de los trastornos del comportamiento (CTC) se est√° convirtiendo en un tratamiento m√°s com√ļn desde el desarrollo de la neuromodulaci√≥n. M√©todos: Este art√≠culo es una revisi√≥n no sistem√°tica de la historia, indicaciones actuales, t√©cnicas y blancos quir√ļrgicos de la CTC. Dividimos su historia en 3 eras: la primera comienza en los inicios de la psicocirug√≠a y termina con el desarrollo de las t√≠cnicas estereot√°cticas, cuando comienza la segunda era. √Čsta se caracteriza por la realizaci√≥n de lesiones estereot√°cticas. Nos encontramos transitando la tercera era, que comienza cuando la estimulaci√≥n cerebral profunda (ECP) comienza a ser usada en CTC. Resultados: A pesar de los errores graves cometidos en el pasado, hoy en d√≠a, la CTC est√° renaciendo. Los trastornos psiqui√°tricos que se m√°s frecuentemente se tratan con cirug√≠a son: depresi√≥n refractaria, trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo y s√≠ndrome de Tourette. Adem√°s, algunos pacientes con agresividad fueron tratados quir√ļrgicamente. Hay varios blancos estereot√°cticos descriptos para estos trastornos. La estimulaci√≥n vagal puede ser usada tambi√©n para depresi√≥n. Conclusi√≥n: Los resultados de la ECP en estos trastornos parecen alentadores. Sin embargo, se necesitan m√°s estudios randomizados para establecer la efectividad de la CTC. Debe tenerse en cuenta que una apropiada selecci√≥n de pacientes nos ayudar√° a realizar un procedimiento m√°s seguro as√≠ como tambi√©n a lograr mejores resultados quir√ļrgicos, conduciendo a la CTC a ser m√°s aceptada por psiquiatras, pacientes y sus familias. Se necesita mayor investigaci√≥n en varios temas como: fisiopatolog√≠a de los trastornos del comportamiento, indicaciones de CTC y nuevos blancos quir√ļrgicos. PMID:25165612

  1. PREFACE: XV Chilean Physics Symposium, 2006

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soto, Leopoldo; Moreno, Jos√©; √Āvila, Ricardo; Cubillos, Karla

    2008-02-01

    The Chilean Physics Symposium is the main gathering of Physics in Chile, and its organization is one of the central activities of the Chilean Physical Society (Sociedad Chilena de F√≠sica, SOCHIFI). The Symposium assembles the largest number of Chilean and foreign physicists resident in the country. Recent advances in the various research areas in Physics are presented, by researchers from Universities and national research centres. At the same time this is an occasion for the participation of Physics students from both the pre- and post-graduate programs. The Symposium has gathered continuously every two years, since 1978. The organization of the XV symposium was in charge of the Thermonuclear Plasma Department of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, and it took place on 15-17 November 2006, at La Reina Nuclear Studies Centre, in the city of Santiago, Chile. During this symposium the relation of research in Physics with education and with the productive sector in the country was also analysed. During the Symposium, 121 abstracts were submitted, from 255 authors. All authors were invited to submit articles for publication in the Symposium Proceedings. The articles received were reviewed by the Symposium Scientific Committee and by invited peers. The criteria for review focussed on the demand for a consistent piece of research, and a clear statement of results. Most of the articles received report the work of research groups where advanced students and young investigators are prominent. Thanks to their enthusiasm, 52 articles are presented in this issue. We would like to express our appreciation to their authors. Finally, my personal apology is in order regarding my delay in publishing these proceedings. A sequence of personal and professional highly demanding circumstances have been in the way. I would like to thank Journal of Physics: Conference Series for providing very fast publication of the proceedings, having published them online less than 4 weeks after my initial contact with the journal. Leopoldo Soto President, Chilean Physical Society Head of Plasma Department, Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission Editors: Leopoldo Soto, Jos√© Moreno, Ricardo √Āvila, Karla Cubillos Scientific Committee Physicists from various research institutions, specialty areas, and regions of the country were invited by the Board of SOCHIFI to join the Symposium Scientific Committee, which was formed by: Julio Y√°nez, Universidad de Antofagasta Sergio del Campo, Pontificia Universidad Cat√≥lica de Valpara√≠so Patricio Vargas, Universidad T√©cnica Federico Santa Mar√≠a Rodrigo Soto, Universidad de Chile Ulrich Volkmann, Pontificia Universidad Cat√≥lica de Chile V√≠ctor Mu√Īoz, Universidad de Chile Rodrigo Aros, Universidad Andr√©s Bello Leopoldo Soto (Chairman), Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energ√≠a Nuclear Luis Huerta, Universidad de Talca Patricio Salgado, Universidad de Concepci√≥n Luis Roa, Universidad de Concepci√≥n Asticio Vargas, Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco Cristian Mart√≠nez, Centro de Estudios Cient√≠ficos, Valdivia Organizing Commitee Leopoldo Soto (Chairman), Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energ√≠a Nuclear Erik Herrera, Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energ√≠a Nuclear Jos√© Moreno, Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energ√≠a Nuclear Andrea Rozas, Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energ√≠a Nuclear Rodrigo Aros, Universidad Andr√©s Bello Gonzalo Guti√©rrez, Universidad de Chile Executive Board, Chilean Physical Society April 2006 - April 2008 Leopoldo Soto, President Joel Saavedra, Secretary Rodrigo Aros: Treasurer Rodolfo Figueroa: Director Luis Huerta: Director Conference photograph

  2. What's in a Word? Elementary Students Learn a Lesson in the Language of Respect. Los Estudiantes de Primaria Aprenden una Leccion en el Lenguaje del Respeto.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddalozzo, Rebecca

    2001-01-01

    Describes how one elementary teacher helped students in her class and in the entire school see through ethnic biases and feel proud of being bilingual or having bilingual friends. Her efforts taught the children that bilingual students are very much like their non-bilingual classmates in being unique people with talents that should be respected.…

  3. Aunque cerca...sano: Una guia para prevencion de los riesgos de los pesticidas (Although Nearby...Healthy: A Guide for the Prevention of Pesticide Risks).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saenz, Salvador

    Intended for Spanish-speaking farmworkers with children, this publication in comic book format tells these parents how they can protect their children from pesticide risks. On returning home from work, one farmworker couple does not hug their young children. When their behavior is questioned by neighbors, the mother explains that the fields were…

  4. El Arte de Aprender: Una Aventura Cooperativa. Un guia de recursos para trabajar con ninos jovenes. (Learning: A Cooperative Adventure. A Resource Guide for Working with Young Children.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

    Due to the large numbers of children from Spanish-speaking homes, many districts send both English and Spanish written communication to parents and community members. Therefore this booklet, a Spanish translation of "Learning: A Cooperative Adventure" (ED 119 868), was prepared to provide parents and preschool and kindergarten staff members with…

  5. Work and Family in the United States: A Policy Initiative. A Report of the Family Policy Panel of the Economic Policy Council of UNA-USA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Association of the United States of America, New York, NY.

    As part of its world employment project, the Economic Policy Council of the United Nations Association of the United States formed the family policy panel to further examine the extent of ongoing changes affecting the family, the workplace, and the economy. In its work, the family policy panel concentrated on five issues considered central to theÖ

  6. Un nuevo fármaco puede ser una opción de tratamiento para algunos cánceres de mama

    Cancer.gov

    Los resultados de un estudio clínico internacional permiten suponer que, en poco tiempo, habrá otra opción de tratamiento para las mujeres con cáncer de mama metastásico HER2 positivo que deja de responder a los tratamientos dirigidos con trastuzumab.

  7. Planteamientos multiculturales en la educacion: una experiencia alemana. Studies and Evaluation Papers 14. (Multicultural Approaches in Education: A German Experience. Studies and Evaluation Papers 11).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treppte, Carmen

    This paper describes the development of Turkish Children and Mothers, a project designed to help 5-year-old preschoolers in the Ruhr Valley of Germany develop linguistic, motor, cognitive, and social abilities. The paper also describes various aspects of the project, including those that relate to maternal involvement, educational facilities, the…

  8. Working Together towards Successful Transition: School to Adult Life = Trabajando juntos hacia una transicion exitosa: De la escuela a la vida adulta.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avoke, Selete

    This publication, in English and Spanish, is intended to assist in inclusion of transition from school to work components in the development of an Individualized Education Program (IEP) for a student with a disability in middle school or high school. The guide begins with definitions of "transitions" and "success" and then offers vignettes of the…

  9. Como sacar el mayor partido a una cancion en la clase de espanol (How to Get the Most Out of a Song in a Spanish Class).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acuna, Beatriz Gomez

    2002-01-01

    Although second language textbooks rarely provide songs or many song-related exercises, music excels at alleviating students' tension, enlivening the atmosphere, and offering teachers opportunities to emphasize pedagogical concepts, whether linguistic or cultural. A series of easy-to-use activities is provided that will work with most songs and is…

  10. An Eclectic Professional Development Proposal for English Language Teachers (Una propuesta ecléctica de formación docente para profesores de inglés)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaves, Orlando; Guapacha, Maria Eugenia

    2016-01-01

    This article reports a mixed-method research project aimed at improving the practices of public sector English teachers in Cali (Colombia) through a professional development program. At the diagnostic stage surveys, documentary analysis, and a focus group yielded the teachers' profile and professional needs. The action phase measured the program's…

  11. Why Is It "Una Persona" and Not "Un Persona": Influence of Linguistic and Cultural Variables on Conceptual Learning in Second Language Situations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Virginia; And Others

    A study investigated the interaction of cognitive, cultural, and linguistic factors in second-language concept formation in adults. Specifically, it examined how seven college students in a lower-division intensive Spanish class developed new gender concepts when learning a second language. Course instruction focused on concept construction at…

  12. Emotions as Learning Enhancers of Foreign Language Learning Motivation (Las emociones como potenciadoras de la motivación en el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    M√©ndez L√≥pez, Mariza G.; Pe√Īa Aguilar, Argelia

    2013-01-01

    The present article reports on a study that explores the effects of the emotional experiences of Mexican language learners on their motivation to learn English. In this qualitative research we present how emotions impact the motivation of university language learners in south Mexico. Results suggest that emotions, both negative and positive,…

  13. La crianza practica de los hijos: una guia paso a paso para formar hijos responsables y hogares felices (Common Sense Parenting: A Practical Approach from Boys Town).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Ray; Herron, Ron

    This workbook is designed to help parents develop a "common sense" approach to child rearing and become more effective parents. Each of the 15 chapters suggests a parenting skill and gives examples for using the skill in a variety of situations. Each chapter also includes exercises designed to help parents put these skills into practice with theirÖ

  14. Buenos H√°bitos Alimenticios para Una Buena Salud: Evaluation of a Nutrition Education Program to Improve Heart Health and Brain Health in Latinas

    PubMed Central

    Otilingam, Poorni G.; Gatz, Margaret; Tello, Elizabeth; Escobar, Antonio Jose; Goldstein, Aviva; Torres, Mina; Varma, Rohit

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The goal of this research was to evaluate nutrition education targeting Latinas, a group at particular risk of obesity and diabetes, which predict to later life cardiovascular disease and dementia. Methods Culturally tailored, theory-based nutrition education was provided to Mexican origin Latinas aged 48 to 84. The randomized design compared participants in workshops incorporating the connection between dietary fat and brain health, participants in workshops focusing only on dietary fat and heart health, a waitlist control group, and a posttest only control group. Results Among those assigned to either intervention, there was statistically significant gain in health literacy, knowledge about dietary fat, and behaviors to reduce dietary fat compared to waitlist control. There was no difference in outcomes between those given the module about diet and brain health and those not provided that module. Discussion A program to encourage dietary fat modification in Latinas proved feasible and modestly effective. PMID:25231884

  15. Summer Reading Adventure! Tips for Parents of Young Readers = La lectura...Una aventura para el verano: Ideas para padres de ninos que apenas comienzan a leer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Jeanette

    Over the summer, many children lose ground in the reading skills they are building at school. Weave reading into the family's summer, and children will go back to school refreshed, excited, and ready to pick up where he or she left off. Advice for parents and caregivers includes: seek out books and reading materials that tie into children's summer…

  16. Formulaci√≥n matem√°tica del frente de onda de una fuente luminosa seg√ļn el m√©todo modal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Villarreal, M. L.; Starck, M.; Recabarren, P.

    The modeling of a wave front sensor luminic signal; using the modal methode of Zernike polinomials; is described. The code was developed with Matlab; and the acquisition is based in a Field Programmable Gate Array device; as part of the initial stage of an Adaptive Optic system development. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  17. La Red Regional Replad: Una Estrategia Innovadora para la Capacitacion de Administradores Educacionales (The Regional Network Replad: An Innovative Strategy for the Training and Preparation of Educational Administrators).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jimenez Espinoza, Jorge

    This document presents an overview, analysis, and historical assessment of the Major Project for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Conferences, regional meetings, and outcomes from the inception of the project in 1979 are described. This project stresses the establishment of a regional network for exchange of information, experiences,…

  18. Conversacion sobre "Tres tristes tigres". Una entrevista de Rita Guibert (A Conversation about "Three Sad Tigers". An Interview with Rita Guibert)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabrera Infante, Guillermo

    1971-01-01

    Interview took place in London, England, on October 5, 1970 between Cuban writer Guillermo Cabrera Infante and journalist Rita Guibert. Special issue dedicated to contemporary Spanish American literature. (DS)

  19. Realidades Suburbanas: Latinos en el Condado de Dakota. Una Investigacion Dirigida por HACER = Suburban Realities: Latinos in Dakota County. A Study Conducted by HACER.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HACER: Hispanic Advocacy and Community Empowerment through Research, Minneapolis, MN.

    A research project was conducted between April and December of 1998 to learn about the experiences of the sizable numbers of Latinos who live in Dakota County (Minnesota). This diverse group was studied through examining existing demographic information, conducting interviews with 45 Latino and Anglo individuals, and conducting several focus…

  20. ""Una Persona Derechita" (Staying Right in the Mind)": Perceptions of Spanish-Speaking Mexican American Older Adults in South Texas "Colonias"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharkey, Joseph R.; Sharf, Barbara F.; St. John, Julie A.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This study describes the perceptions of brain health among older Spanish-speaking Mexican Americans who reside in colonia areas of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Design and Methods: In 2007, 33 Mexican American older adults (9 men and 24 women) were recruited by "promotoras" (community health workers) from clusters of "colonias" in…

  1. Resultados de una encuesta sobre posibles reformas ortograficas en el espanol del siglo XX (Results of a Survey Concerning Possible Orthographic Reforms in Twentieth Century Spanish)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varela Cuellar, Beatriz

    1976-01-01

    This article presents the results of a questionnaire sent to Spanish teachers regarding possible orthographic reforms in Spanish. Changes considered included elimination of certain letters and representation of each phoneme by only one letter. Responses to each question are classified and explained. (Text is in Spanish.) (CHK)

  2. Parental Involvement and Participation in Bilingual Education: A Guide. (El Involucramiento y la Participacion de los Padres en la Educacion Bilingue: Una Guia.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chavez, Eliverio

    This is a bilingual guide to parental involvement and participation in bilingual education programs funded under Title VII and other Federal acts. The guide also outlines activities through which parents and the community may become involved in education. Various levels of participation are discussed along with impediments to participation. The…

  3. Hacia Una Pedagogia de Solucion de Problemas en La Educacion Ambiental. Serie Educacion Ambiental 15 (Pedagogy of Solutions and Problems in Environmental Education. Environmental Education Series 15.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Santiago (Chile). Regional Office for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    This document discusses the teaching of problem solving in environmental education. From an interdisciplinary viewpoint, this study describes some strategies for teaching that can favor the practice of educational activities oriented toward solving the concrete problems of the surrounding environment. The volume is divided into seven chapters. The…

  4. Logo and Von Neumann Ideas [and] Towards a Humanistic Use of Computers in Education = Hacia una insercion humanista de las computadoras en la educacion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reggini, Horacio C.

    The first article, "LOGO and von Neumann Ideas," deals with the creation of new procedures based on procedures defined and stored in memory as LOGO lists of lists. This representation, which enables LOGO procedures to construct, modify, and run other LOGO procedures, is compared with basic computer concepts first formulated by John von Neumann.…

  5. Steppin' On Up: A Post-Secondary Guide for Migrant Students = Tomando Accion: Una Guia para los Estudiantes Migrantes Sobre Que Hacer Despues de la Escuela Secundaria.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Stream Migrant Education Program Coordination Center, Portland, OR.

    This bilingual guide (English and Spanish) provides information for migrant students on postsecondary education. The guide includes information on: (1) career planning, involving self-exploration, occupational exploration, and strategies for reaching career objectives; (2) planning for postsecondary education during high school, including a…

  6. La Marimba y el joven Pluma de Quetzal: una leyenda chiapaneca. (The Marimba and the Young Man, Pluma de Quetzal: A Chiapaneca Legend.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marquez, Jerry

    The illustrated book is about the legend of Pluma de Quetzal and the marimba. The story, which takes place in the Mexican state of Chiapas, tells how the woodcutters who lived in the area would sit around the fire talking and singing every night. Sung by tired voices, their songs had no happy music. Instead of happiness and hope, they expressedÖ

  7. Como evalvar la actuacion del profesor en una clase de segundo idioma (How to Evaluate a Teacher in a Second Language Classroom).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galvez de Bracamonte, Teresa

    This guide in Spanish provides performance criteria for evaluating the foreign language teacher. It provides an outline for analyzing the teacher's actions and teaching methods in the classroom. Through the evaluation by an outsider, the teacher can learn his or her faults in the views of others and can improve on them. The aspects to be analyzed…

  8. Sistemas E√≥licos Peque√Īos para Generaci√≥n de Electricidad: Una guia para consumidores en Nuevo M√©xico

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2005-10-01

    This Spanish version of the popular Small Wind Electric Systems: A New Mexico Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

  9. Estudio sociolinguistico de una variante sintactica el fenomeno "dequeismo" en el espanol canario (Sociolinguistic Study of a Syntactic Variant: The "Dequeismo" Phenomenon in Canary Islands Spanish).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serrano, Maria Jose

    1998-01-01

    The dequeismo phenomenon is occurring more frequently in spoken Spanish in both Spain and in Latin America. Introduction of the preposition "de" before "que" in nominal complements exploits one recourse in Spanish, namely the deictic capacity of prepositional "de" as a marker or introducer of the speaker's expressions, opinions, or thoughts. This…

  10. La crianza practica de los hijos: una guia paso a paso para formar hijos responsables y hogares felices (Common Sense Parenting: A Practical Approach from Boys Town).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Ray; Herron, Ron

    This workbook is designed to help parents develop a "common sense" approach to child rearing and become more effective parents. Each of the 15 chapters suggests a parenting skill and gives examples for using the skill in a variety of situations. Each chapter also includes exercises designed to help parents put these skills into practice with their…

  11. Screenwriting: A Strategy for the Improvement of Writing Instructional Practices (La escritura de guiones: una estrategia para mejorar las pr√°cticas instruccionales de escritura)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amado, Hern√°n

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a pedagogical experience that addresses the use of an instructional strategy called screenwriting aimed at improving the teaching of writing in an educational context. This pedagogical intervention took place in a private English language school, where three adult students willingly participated to create their own short…

  12. Un Segundo Idioma en el Aula: Nos Estamos Perdiendo una Oportunidad? = A Second Language in the Classroom: Are We Missing the Boat?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selman, Ruth Corey

    2007-01-01

    In recent years there has been greater emphasis placed on second language acquisition in schools. To be prepared for life in the 21st century, to function within an increasingly interdependent world society, to be free from the petty biases that hinder understanding and from the larger hatreds that lead to confrontation, children will need to…

  13. Estudio sociolinguistico de una variante sintactica el fenomeno "dequeismo" en el espanol canario (Sociolinguistic Study of a Syntactic Variant: The "Dequeismo" Phenomenon in Canary Islands Spanish).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serrano, Maria Jose

    1998-01-01

    The dequeismo phenomenon is occurring more frequently in spoken Spanish in both Spain and in Latin America. Introduction of the preposition "de" before "que" in nominal complements exploits one recourse in Spanish, namely the deictic capacity of prepositional "de" as a marker or introducer of the speaker's expressions, opinions, or thoughts. ThisÖ

  14. La Marimba y el joven Pluma de Quetzal: una leyenda chiapaneca. (The Marimba and the Young Man, Pluma de Quetzal: A Chiapaneca Legend.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marquez, Jerry

    The illustrated book is about the legend of Pluma de Quetzal and the marimba. The story, which takes place in the Mexican state of Chiapas, tells how the woodcutters who lived in the area would sit around the fire talking and singing every night. Sung by tired voices, their songs had no happy music. Instead of happiness and hope, they expressed…

  15. Ideas, Creencias, Actitudes. Primer Modulo de una Serie para Maestros de Escuela Elemental (Ideas, Beliefs, Attitudes. First Module of a Series for Elementary Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molina, Carmen Eneida, Ed.; And Others

    This guide for teachers, in English and Spanish, examines the role of stereotypes within the context of contemporary beliefs, ideas, and attitudes. A pre-test and post-test are included to measure the user's awareness of stereotypes. Object lessons cover the following topics: (1) definition of stereotypes; (2) racial and ethnic stereotypes; (3)…

  16. Previniendo el Uso de Drogas entre Ninos y Adolescentes: Una Guia Basada en Investigaciones (Preventing Drug Use among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloboda, Zili; David, Susan L.

    This question and answer guide provides an overview of the research on the origins and pathways of drug abuse, the basic principles derived from effective drug abuse prevention research, and the application of research results to the prevention of drug use among young people. The basic principles derived from drug abuse prevention research are…

  17. Estudio de los Esquemas Conceptuales y de los Perfiles de Unos Alumnos de Segundo de Bup en Relacion con el Concepto de Pendiente de Una Recta.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gimenez, Carmen Azcarate

    1992-01-01

    Presents a study to determine students' concept of slope carried out in three classes of the second form before introducing the notion of derivative. Discusses the meaning of conceptual framework and reviews literature on slope. Analyzes student responses to a questionnaire for mathematical content and expression and interprets the results. (MDH)

  18. IDEA: !"Vamos a Conocer Espana!: Una Guia Cultural Basada en Imagenes" (Let's Become Acquainted with Spain!: A Basic Cultural Guide in Pictures).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inestrillas, Mar

    1997-01-01

    Presents a collection of pictures presenting a visual array of the geographic features, customs, art, dress, and traditions of the Spanish culture on the European continent that are intended for classroom use. (Author/CK)

  19. Work and Family in the United States: A Policy Initiative. A Report of the Family Policy Panel of the Economic Policy Council of UNA-USA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Association of the United States of America, New York, NY.

    As part of its world employment project, the Economic Policy Council of the United Nations Association of the United States formed the family policy panel to further examine the extent of ongoing changes affecting the family, the workplace, and the economy. In its work, the family policy panel concentrated on five issues considered central to the…

  20. Una Introduccion a los Jovenes con Discapacidades: Bibliografia Anotada. Revisiones de CYDLINE (An Introduction to Youth with Disabilities: Annotated Bibliography. CYDINE Reviews).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

    This Spanish-language annotated bibliography describes English-language resources covering a wide range of issues related to disabled youth and their families. The 38 bibliographic citations date from 1980 to 1989 and are grouped into the following categories: psychosocial issues, health issues, educational issues, and community living.…

  1. Arrecifes de Coral: Una Coleccion de Actividades en Espanol para Estudiantes de Escuela Intermedia (Coral Reefs: A Spanish Compilation of Activities for Middle School Students).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Sharon H.; Newton, R. Amanda; Ortiz, Alida

    This activity book for middle school students on coral reefs is divided into 10 sections. Section 1 is the introduction. Section 2 describes what coral reefs are while section 3 describes how coral reefs reproduce and grow. Section 4 describes where coral reefs are found, and section 5 describes life on a coral reef. Section 6 describes the…

  2. Experiencias y repercusión de una formación en ética de investigación

    PubMed Central

    Rupaya, Carmen Rosa García

    2012-01-01

    El presente artículo tiene como propósito describir los logros y repercusiones de la capacitación en ética de la investigación que brinda el Centro Interdisciplinario de Estudios en Bioética de la Universidad de Chile, sirviendo de estímulo, motivación y orientación a profesionales que requieren conocer y aplicar las normas y el raciocinio conducente a la deliberación de los problemas en esta disciplina. Asimismo, describe cómo este conocimiento genera un efecto multiplicador en aspectos tales como la participación en un comité de ética de la investigación (CEI), organización de cursos y creación y desarrollo de líneas de investigación, que repercuten en publicaciones realizadas con estudiantes de posgrado. Relata además los contenidos y estrategias didácticas que pueden ser empleados en cursos de ética y bioética para estudiantes de estomatología y concluye mencionando la aplicación práctica de esta capacitación en los ámbitos docente, institucional y de investigación. PMID:24482556

  3. Estudio de una "superc√°scara" de hidr√≥geno neutro gal√°ctica centrada en (l; b) = (305¬į; +4¬į)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Corti, M. A.; Arnal, E. M.

    As part of a research program aiming at detecting neutral hydrogen (HI) shells in the interstellar medium of the Milky Way, in this paper we ex- amined the genesis, physical characteristics and dynamics of a HI structure centered at (l, b) = (305 , +4 ) whose baricentral radial velocity is -25 km s-1 (LSR). The HI survey carried out at the IAR was used in this study. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  4. Estudio del sistema de c√ļmulos globulares de la galaxia lenticular NGC6861: en busca de evidencias de una fusi√≥n.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Escudero, C. G.; Faifer, F. R.; Bassino, L. P.; Calderón, J. P.; Caso, J. P.

    We present a photometric study of the globular cluster system (GCS); associated to the lenticular galaxy NGC6861. It is based on GEMINI/GMOS images in the filters g'; r'; i' of three fields; one of them centered on the galaxy. Studying the colour-magnitude diagram of the system; we detect the presence of at least two populations of GCs (``blue'' and ``red'') and the presence of the phenomenon known as ``blue-tilt''. However; analyzing the colour distribution we infer the existence of a third population with intermediate colours which could be interpreted as evidence of a past interaction or fusion event. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  5. Los Rizos y el Beisbol. Septimo Modulo de una Serie para Maestros de Escuela Elemental. (Curls and Baseball. Seventh Module of a Series for Elementary School Teachers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molina, Carmen Eneida, Ed.; And Others

    This guide for teachers, in English and Spanish, examines how assigned sex roles affect grade school girls in competitive sports, simple games, pastimes, and other extracurricular activities. A pre-test and post-test are included to measure the user's awareness of sexual stereotypes. Five object lessons cover the following topics: (1) myths thatÖ

  6. Elastoplasticidad anisotropa de metales en grandes deformaciones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Caminero Torija, Miguel Angel

    El objetivo de este trabajo es el desarrollo de modelos y algoritmos numericos que simulen el comportamiento del material bajo estas condiciones en el contexto de programas de elementos finitos, dando como resultado predicciones mas precisas de los procesos de conformado y deformacion plastica en general. Para lograr este objetivo se han desarrollado diversas tareas destinadas a mejorar las predicciones en tres aspectos fundamentales. El primer aspecto consiste en la mejora de la descripcion del endurecimiento cinematico anisotropo en pequenas deformaciones, lo cual se ha realizado a traves de modelos y algoritmos implicitos de superficies multiples. Ha sido estudiada la consistencia de este tipo de modelos tanto si estan basados en una regla implicita similar a la de Mroz o en la regla de Prager. Ademas se han simulado los ensayos de Lamba y Sidebottom, obteniendo, en contra de la creencia general, muy buenas predicciones con la regla de Prager. Dichos modelos podrian ser extendidos de forma relativamente facil para considerar grandes deformaciones a traves de procedimientos en deformaciones logaritmicas, similares a los desarrollados en esta tesis y detallados a continuacion. El segundo aspecto consiste en la descripcion de la anisotropia elastoplastica inicial. Esto se ha conseguido mediante el desarrollo de modelos y algoritmos para plasticidad anisotropa en grandes deformaciones, bien ignorando la posible anisotropia elastica, bien considerandola simultaneamente con la anisotropia plastica. Para ello ha sido necesario desarrollar primero un nuevo algoritmo de elastoplasticidad anisotropa en pequenas deformaciones consistentemente linealizado y sin despreciar ningun termino, de tal forma que se conserve la convergencia cuadratica de los metodos de Newton. Este algoritmo en pequenas deformaciones ha servido para realizar la correccion plastica de dos algoritmos en grandes deformaciones. El primero de estos algoritmos es una variacion del clasico algoritmo de Eterovic y Bathe para incluir la posibilidad de plasticidad anisotropa con endurecimiento mixto. Este primer algoritmo esta restringido a casos de isotropia elastica. La isotropia elastica es una hipotesis bastante habitual en plasticidad anisotropa y tiene la ventaja de que permite el uso de formulaciones mixtas u/p. El segundo algoritmo, mas complejo y general, incluye la posibilidad de elasticidad anisotropa, plasticidad anisotropa y endurecimiento mixto. Este algoritmo supone una contribucion importante ya que esta basado en hipotesis comunmente aceptadas y utilizadas en elastoplasticidad isotropa: descomposicion multiplicativa del gradiente de deformaciones en parte elastica y parte plastica, descripcion hiperelastica sencilla en funcion de deformaciones logaritmicas e integracion exponencial que conserva el volumen. Ademas, la estructura final del algoritmo es modular y relativamente sencilla, consistiendo en un pre- y un postprocesador geometrico y una correccion plastica realizada en pequenas deformaciones. El algoritmo esta consistentemente linealizado para conservar la convergencia cuadratica asintotica de los metodos de Newton y la forma final que toma dicha linealizacion es similar al caso de isotropia elastoplastica implementado; consiste en el modulo tangente algoritmico de pequenas deformaciones sobre el que se aplica una transformacion para convertirlo en el de grandes deformaciones. Todos estos modelos han sido implementados en un codigo propio de elementos finitos denominado DULCINEA, el cual tiene formulaciones lagrangianas totales y actualizadas para grandes deformaciones. Una de las tareas necesarias para poder realizar las simulaciones, ha sido el estudio e implementacion de diferentes elementos que no sufran el bloqueo volumetrico severo que se observa en formulaciones estandar basadas en desplazamientos. Este bloqueo se debe a la condicion de quasi-incompresibilidad que imponen los modelos de plasticidad desviadores y consiste en una respuesta exageradamente rigida de la solucion obtenida por el metodo de los elementos finitos estandar. Entre los elementos implementados cabe destacar el basado en la formulacion mixta u/p, que contiene una interpolacion adicional de grados de libertad de presion. Estos grados de libertad adicionales habitualmente son internos al elemento en mecanica de solidos. En este trabajo se ha desarrollado e implementado en DULCINEA una familia de elementos tridimensionales mixtos en grandes deformaciones que incluye el caso particular BMIX 27/27/4, basado en la formulacion u/p, constituido por 27 nudos, con 27 puntos de integracion estandar y 4 grados de libertad de presiones, y que pasa la condicion Inf-Sup o de Babuska-Brezzi. Sin embargo, se ha observado que la formulacion u/p presenta ciertas limitaciones bajo las hipotesis conjuntas de anisotropia elastica y anisotropia plastica. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  7. Groundwater targeting in a hard-rock terrain using fracture-pattern modeling, Niva River basin, Andhra Pradesh, India

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srinivasa Rao, Y.; Reddy, T. V. K.; Nayudu, P. T.

    2000-09-01

    In hard-rock terrain, due to the lack of primary porosity in the bedrock, joints, fault zones, and weathered zones are the sources for groundwater occurrence and movement. To study the groundwater potential in the hard-rock terrain and drought-prone area in the Niva River basin, southern Andhra Pradesh state, India, Landsat 5 photographic data were used to prepare an integrated hydrogeomorphology map. Larsson's integrated deformation model was applied to identify the various fracture systems, to pinpoint those younger tensile fracture sets that are the main groundwater reservoirs, and to understand the importance of fracture density in groundwater prospecting. N35¬į-55¬įE fractures were identified as tensile and N35¬į-55¬įW fractures as both tensile and shear in the study area. Apparently, these fractures are the youngest open fractures. Wherever N35¬į-55¬įE and N35¬į-55¬įW fracture densities are high, weathered-zone thickness is greater, water-table fluctuations are small, and well yields are high. Groundwater-potential zones were delineated and classified as very good, good to very good, moderate to good, and poor. R√©sum√©. Dans les roches de socle, l'absence de porosit√© primaire dans la roche fait que les fractures, les zones de faille et les zones d'alt√©ration sont les sites o√Ļ l'eau souterraine est pr√©sente et s'√©coule. Pour √©tudier le potentiel en eau souterraine dans la r√©gion de socle sujette √† la s√©cheresse du bassin de la rivi√®re Niva (sud de l'√Čtat d'Andhra Pradesh, Inde), des donn√©es photographiques de Landsat 5 ont √©t√© utilis√©es pour pr√©parer une carte hydro-g√©omorphologique. Le mod√®le int√©gr√© de d√©formation de Larssons a √©t√© mis en Ňďuvre pour identifier les diff√©rents syst√®mes de fractures, pour mettre l'accent sur les ensembles de fractures en extension les plus jeunes qui constituent les principaux r√©servoirs d'eau souterraine, et pour comprendre l'importance de la densit√© de fractures pour la prospection de l'eau souterraine. Dans la r√©gion √©tudi√©e, les fractures N35¬į-55¬įE ont √©t√© identifi√©es comme √©tant en extension, et les fractures N35¬į-55¬įW comme √©tant √† la fois en extension et en cisaillement. Ces fractures sont apparemment les fractures ouvertes les plus jeunes. Partout o√Ļ la densit√© des fractures N35¬į-55¬įE et N35¬į-55¬įW est √©lev√©e, la zone alt√©r√©e est plus √©paisse, les fluctuations de la nappe sont faibles et les rendements des puits sont forts. Des zones √† potentiel en eau souterraine ont ainsi √©t√© d√©limit√©es et class√©es en excellent, bon √† tr√®s bon, assez bon et m√©diocre. Resumen. Las zonas de fracturaci√≥n y de meteorizaci√≥n son las que condicionan el flujo de agua subterr√°nea en rocas duras, debido a la falta de porosidad primaria en la matriz rocosa. Se utilizaron cinco conjuntos de datos fotogr√°ficos del sat√©lite Landsat con el fin de preparar un mapa integrado hidrogeomorfol√≥gico de la cuenca del r√≠o Niva, al sur del estado Andhra Pradesh (India). El objetivo era estudiar el potencial de aguas subterr√°neas en esta regi√≥n, que es propensa a per√≠odos de sequ√≠a, en la que predominan las rocas duras. Se aplic√≥ el modelo de deformaci√≥n integrado de Larsson a la identificaci√≥n de los sistemas de fracturaci√≥n. El prop√≥sito era, por un lado, identificar los conjuntos de fracturas de tracci√≥n m√°s j√≥venes, que desempe√Īan un papel principal como reservorios de aguas subterr√°neas. Por otro lado, se quer√≠a comprender la importancia de la densidad de fracturaci√≥n en el desarrollo de las aguas subterr√°neas. Se identific√≥ una familia de fracturas de tracci√≥n con orientaci√≥n N35¬į-55¬įE y otra familia N35¬į-55¬įW que conten√≠a tanto bandas de cizalla como fracturas de tracci√≥n. Aparentemente, se trataba de las fracturas abiertas m√°s recientes. El espesor de la zona de meteorizaci√≥n es grande cuando la densidad de fracturas de estas dos familias es elevada, hecho que est√° asociado a fluctuaciones peque√Īas del nivel fre√°tico y a caudales elevados. Se estableci√≥ una clasificaci√≥n de las aguas subterr√°neas como zona muy buena, buena-muy buena, moderadamente buena, y regular.

  8. Spain-Chile and Spain-Ecuador cooperation in the field of research nuclear reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Avendano, G.; Rodriguez, M.L.; Manas, L.; Masalleras, E.; Montes, J.

    1981-01-01

    The Spanish Board of Nuclear Energy (JEN) has been cooperating for the last several years with the Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear (Chilean Commission of Nuclear Energy (CCHEN)), on the one hand, and with the Comision Ecuatoriana de Energia Atomica (Ecuadorian Commission of Atomic Energy (CEEA)), on the other. The result of this cooperation has been the implementation of projects in both countries to create research centers around a nuclear reactor as the main working tool: the Lo Aguirre reactor in Chile and the Ruminahui reactor in Ecuador.

  9. Understanding differences in access and use of healthcare between international immigrants to Chile and the Chilean-born: a repeated cross-sectional population-based study in Chile

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction International evidence indicates consistently lower rates of access and use of healthcare by international immigrants. Factors associated with this phenomenon vary significantly depending on the context. Some research into the health of immigrants has been conducted in Latin America, mostly from a qualitative perspective. This population-based study is the first quantitative study to explore healthcare provision entitlement and use of healthcare services by immigrants in Chile and compare them to the Chilean-born. Methods Data come from the nationally representative CASEN (Socioeconomic characterization of the population in Chile) surveys, conducted in 2006 and 2009. Self-reported immigrants were compared to the Chilean-born, by demographic characteristics (age, sex, urban/rural, household composition, ethnicity), socioeconomic status (SES: education, household income, contractual status), healthcare provision entitlement (public, private, other, none), and use of primary services. Weighted descriptive, stratified and adjusted regression models were used to analyse factors associated with access to and use of healthcare. Results There was an increase in self-reported immigrant status and in household income inequality among immigrants between 2006 and 2009. Over time there was a decrease in the rate of immigrants reporting no healthcare provision and an increase in reporting of private healthcare provision entitlement. Compared to the Chilean-born, immigrants reported higher rates of use of antenatal and gynaecological care, lower use of well-baby care, and no difference in the use of Pap smears or the number of attentions received in the last three months. Immigrants in the bottom income quintile were four times more likely to report no healthcare provision than their equivalent Chilean-born group (with different health needs, i.e. vertical inequity). Disabled immigrants were more likely to have no healthcare provision compared to the disabled Chilean-born (with similar health needs, i.e. horizontal inequity). Factors associated with immigrants‚Äô access to, and use of, healthcare were sex, urban/rural status, education and country of origin. Conclusion There were significant associations between SES, and access to and use of healthcare among immigrants in Chile and a higher prevalence of no health care provision entitlement among poor and disabled immigrants compared to the Chilean-born. Changing associations between access and use of healthcare and SES among immigrants in Chile over time may reflect changes in their socio-demographic composition or in the survey methodology between 2006 and 2009. Resumen Introducci√≥n La evidencia internacional indica menor acceso y uso de servicios de salud por parte de inmigrantes, pero sus factores desencadenantes var√≠an significativamente dependiendo del contexto. Algunas investigaciones se han desarrollado en este tema en Am√©rica Latina, desde una perspectiva cualitativa. Este estudio cuantitativo explor√≥ el auto-reporte de acceso y uso de servicios de salud de inmigrantes en Chile y los compar√≥ con la poblaci√≥n chilena. M√©todos An√°lisis secundario de datos de encuesta nacional CASEN 2006 y 2009. Inmigrantes fueron comparados con chilenos en caracter√≠sticas demogr√°ficas (edad, sexo, urbano/rural, composici√≥n del hogar, etnia), estatus socioecon√≥mico (educaci√≥n, ingreso, situaci√≥n contractual), tipo de previsi√≥n (p√ļblica, privada, otra, ninguna), y uso de varios servicios de atenci√≥n primaria. An√°lisis descriptivo, estratificado, y modelos de regresi√≥n ponderados para entender factores asociados al acceso y uso de servicios de salud en STATA 11.0. Resultados Se observ√≥ un aumento de reporte de inmigrantes y de la desigualdad en el ingreso de inmigrantes entre 2006 y 2009. Hubo una disminuci√≥n en la tasa de inmigrantes sin previsi√≥n y un aumento en el acceso al sistema privado. Los inmigrantes usaron m√°s frecuentemente la atenci√≥n prenatal y ginecol√≥gica, y menos la atenci√≥n del ni√Īo sano. No hubo diferencia en el uso de citolog√≠a vaginal o el n√ļmero total de atenciones recibidas en comparaci√≥n con los chilenos. Los inmigrantes en el quintil inferior de ingresos reportaron 4 veces m√°s la ausencia de prestaci√≥n de salud que los chilenos (inequidad vertical). Similares resultados se observaron al comparar inmigrantes con discapacidad con chilenos con discapacidad (inequidad horizontal). Los factores asociados con el acceso y uso del servicio de salud por parte de los inmigrantes fueron el sexo, urbano/rural, educaci√≥n y pa√≠s de origen. Conclusi√≥n Se observ√≥ una asociaci√≥n significativa entre estatus socioeconomico, migraci√≥n y acceso y uso de asistencia sanitaria. Los resultados de este estudio pueden deberse a verdaderos cambios en la composici√≥n de los inmigrantes y sus patrones de uso del sistema de salud chileno, pero tambi√©n pueden deberse a cambios en la metodolog√≠a y recolecci√≥n de datos entre encuestas 2006 y 2009. Este aspecto requiere mayor an√°lisis y debate en la regi√≥n. PMID:23158113

  10. El Derecho de su Hijo(a) a Una Educacion: Una guia para los Padres de Ninos Impedidos en el Estado de Nueva York (Your Child's Right to an Education: A Guide for Parents of Children with Handicapping Conditions in New York State).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

    Intended for parents of handicapped students, the guide (available in English, Spanish, or Chinese) sets forth the New York State policies for speical education. The following topics are among those considered: eligibility for special education, program types, alternative placements (such as residential settings), referral, evaluation,Ö

  11. Mitigation of Disagreement in Peer Review among L2 Learners and Native Speakers in a College Writing Class (Mitigación del Impacto de las Opiniones de Desacuerdo en el Proceso de Revisión por Pares entre Estudiantes de una Segunda Lengua y Hablantes Nativos en una Clase de Escritura a Nivel Universitario)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christoffersen, Katherine O'Donnell

    2015-01-01

    Peer review is now a commonplace practice in process-oriented writing instruction. A crucial aspect of peer review is assessing another classmate's work, which encompasses the act of disagreement. Given its prevalence in the classroom, it is necessary to analyze how L2 learners mitigate disagreement in the context of peer review with other L2…

  12. El Derecho de su Hijo(a) a Una Educacion: Una guia para los Padres de Ninos Impedidos en el Estado de Nueva York (Your Child's Right to an Education: A Guide for Parents of Children with Handicapping Conditions in New York State).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

    Intended for parents of handicapped students, the guide (available in English, Spanish, or Chinese) sets forth the New York State policies for speical education. The following topics are among those considered: eligibility for special education, program types, alternative placements (such as residential settings), referral, evaluation,…

  13. Una Guia para Los Padres sobre La Educacion Especial: El Derecho de Su Hijo(a) a Adquirir una Educacion en el Estado de Nueva York (A Parent's Guide to Special Education: Your Child's Right to an Education in New York State).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept. Albany. Office for the Education of Children with Handicapping Conditions.

    This guide provides information to help parents of special needs children in New York become active partners in the planning and implementation of special education programs. The first part of the guide provides in-depth information related to the special education process in New York State public schools. A historical view of children's rights to…

  14. Nesting biology, morphological remarks, and description of the mature larva of Mellinus arvensis obscurus (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) in Nepal

    SciTech Connect

    Boesi, R.; Polidori, C.; Andrietti, F.; Gayubo, S.F.; Tormos, J.; Asis, J.D.

    2007-03-15

    Recently re-named as a sub-species of Mellinus arvensis, Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888 was investigated ecologically and morphologically in Nepal, in order to underline the most important differences with the well known M. arvensis arvensis. Mellinus arvensis obscurus females nested in clumped aggregations on inclined plains at high altitudes, both on sunny bare soil and on a shaded grassy one. Beginning of monsoon season probably interfered with wasp activity, and females performed few provisioning flights during the day. Prey consisted of a broad range of Diptera, except for one case of a spider. Many females were observed not provisioning a nest but floating on the nesting site, and many intraspecific interactions suggested a high degree of usurpation attempts. At least one species of flies and two of ants probably acted as natural enemies of the wasp. Morphological observations on females showed that the Nepal population shares more similarities (shape of tergite I, body punctation) with the European populations than with the closer Japanese population; melanization is strong, according to west-east and altitudinal cline. The mature larva of M. arvensis obscurus Handlirsch is described, illustrated, and compared with the other mature larva of the genus. The differences between both larvae mainly lie in the presence/absence, and number or differentiation of integumental structures. We conclude that morphological traits are more important than ecological and behavioral ones in distinguishing M. arvensis obscurus from M. arvensis arvensis. (author) [Spanish] En el presente articulo se aportan los resultados y conclusiones de un estudio, llevado a cabo en Nepal, en el que se abordaron aspectos ecologicos, comportamentales y morfologicos (tanto del ultimo estado de la fase larvaria como del adulto) de Mellinus arvensis obscurus Handlirsch 1888. El principal objetivo del estudio radicaba en mostrar las principales diferencias que separan a esta subespecie de la bien estudiada subespecie nominal. Mellinus arvensis obscurus nidifica a gran altitud, en terreno inclinado, con y sin vegetacion, expuesto en mayor o menor medida al sol y en agregaciones muy compactas. Durante la estacion lluviosa la hembras llevan a cabo pocos vuelos de aprovisonamiento. Las presas pertenecen al orden de los dipteros, aunque, en una ocasion se observo el aporte de una arana. Gran numero de las interacciones intraespecificas observadas sugieren un alto grado de intentos de usurpacion de nidos. Los enemigos naturales mas sobresalientes pertenecen al orden de los dipteros y a la familia de los formicidos. Del estudio morfologico del adulto, mencionaremos que la foma del terguito 1 y la escultura del cuerpo, en las hembras de las poblaciones del Nepal, son mas semejantes a los de las hembras de las poblaciones europeas que no a los de las japonesas. De la fase larvaria se describe el ultimo estado larvario, a la vez que se compara con la otra larva madura ya descrita del genero. Las diferencias entre ambas larvas maduras radican en la presencia/ausencia, numero o diferenciacion de las estructuras tegumentarias. El estudio finaliza concluyendo que los rasgos morfologicos son mas importantes, que los aspectos ecologicos y comportamentales, a la hora de establecer una separacion entre las dos subespecies (author)

  15. ‚ÄúCauses‚ÄĚ Of Pesticide Safety Behavior Change in Latino Farmworker Families

    PubMed Central

    Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Arcury, Thomas A.; Talton, Jennifer W.; D’Agostino, Ralph B.; Trejo, Grisel; Mirabelli, Maria C.; Quandt, Sara A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To identify the source of behavior change resulting from a health education intervention focused on pesticide safety. Methods Data were from the La Familia Sana demonstration project, a promotora-delivered pesticide safety education intervention conducted with immigrant Latinos (N = 610). Results The La Familia Sana program produced changes in 3 sets of pesticide safety behaviors. Changes in the conceptual targets of the intervention and promotora attributes explained 0.45‚Äď6% and 0.5‚Äď3% of the changes in pesticide-related behavior, respectively. Discussion The conceptual targets of the La Familia Sana program explained the greatest amount of change in pesticide-related behavior. Promotora attributes also contributed to intervention success PMID:23985226

  16. Diet of a sigmodontine rodent assemblage in a Peruvian montane forest

    PubMed Central

    Sahley, Catherine Teresa; Cervantes, Klauss; Pacheco, Victor; Salas, Edith; Paredes, Diego; Alonso, Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge of feeding habits of small rodents is necessary for understanding food webs, trophic structure, and plant‚Äďanimal interactions in Neotropical forests. Despite several studies that have investigated community structure and feeding behavior of rodents, large gaps remain in our understanding of their guild occupancy. Our objective was to investigate the diets of 7 species of small (< 100g) sympatric sigmodontine rodents in a high (3,500 m) Andean montane rainforest in Peru. We qualitatively and quantitatively assessed diet items in fecal samples from livetrapped rodents from 2009 to 2012. Frequency data for 4 diet categories indicated that all 7 species of rodents contained 4 diet categories in fecal samples: arthropods (88%), remains of leaves and fibers from plants (61%), intact seeds (with or without fruit pulp; 50%), and mycorrhizal spores (45%). Omnivory was found to be a strategy used by all species, although contingency table analysis revealed significant differences among and within species in diet categories. Cluster analysis showed 2 main groupings: that of the Thomasomys spp. plus Calomys sorellus group which included high amounts of intact seeds and plant parts in their fecal samples, and those of the genera Akodon, Microryzomys, Oligoryzomys, which included a greater proportion of arthropods in their fecal samples, but still consumed substantial amounts of fruit and plant parts. Intact seed remains from at least 17 plant species (9 families) were found in fecal samples. We concluded that this assemblage of sigmodontine rodents is omnivorous but that they likely play an important role as frugivores and in seed dispersal in tropical montane forests in Peru. El conocimiento de los h√°bitos alimenticios de roedores peque√Īos es necesario para comprender cadenas alimenticias, estructura tr√≥fica, e interacciones planta-animal en los bosques neotropicales. A pesar de que numerosos estudios han investigado la estructura de comunidades y el comportamiento de forrajeo en roedores, a√ļn existen grandes vac√≠os en nuestra comprensi√≥n de sus gremios tr√≥ficos. Nuestro objetivo fue investigar las dietas de siete especies de peque√Īos (< 100 g) roedores sigmodontinos simp√°tricos en un bosque montano andino a 3.500] m en Per√ļ. Cualitativamente y cuantitativamente evaluamos la dieta en muestras fecales de roedores capturados entre el 2009 y el 2012. Datos de frecuencia para cuatro categor√≠as de dieta indicaron que las siete especies de roedores consumieron cuatro categor√≠as de dieta: artr√≥podos (88%), pedazos de hojas y fibras de plantas (61%), semillas intactas (con o sin pulpa de frutos; 50%), y esporas de micorrizas (45%). Omnivor√≠a fue la estrategia utilizada por todas las especies, aunque el an√°lisis con tablas de contingencia revel√≥ diferencias significativas entre y dentro de especies en categor√≠as de dieta. El an√°lisis de agrupaci√≥n present√≥ 2 grupos principales: el grupo Thomasomys spp. y Calomys sorellus, que incluye una gran proporci√≥n de semillas intactas, y partes de plantas en las muestras fecales y el grupo que incluye los g√©neros Akodon, Microryzomys y Oligoryzomys, el cual incluy√≥ una proporci√≥n mayor de artr√≥podos en sus muestras fecales, pero con niveles altos de semillas intactas. Semillas intactas de al menos 17 especies de plantas (9 familias) fueron encontradas en las muestras fecales. Concluimos que este ensamble de roedores sigmodontinos es omn√≠voro y que probablemente las especies juegan un rol importante como frug√≠voros y en la dispersi√≥n de semillas en los bosques montanos tropicales en el Per√ļ. PMID:26937050

  17. The SAFER Latinos Project: Addressing a Community Ecology Underlying Latino Youth Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edberg, Mark; Cleary, Sean D.; Collins, Elizabeth; Klevens, Joanne; Leiva, Rodrigo; Bazurto, Martha; Rivera, Ivonne; del Cid, Alex Taylor; Montero, Luisa; Calderon, Melba

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the intervention model, early implementation experience, and challenges for the "Seguridad, Apoyo, Familia, Educacion, y Recursos" (SAFER) Latinos project. The SAFER Latinos project is an attempt to build the evidence for a multilevel participatory youth violence prevention model tailored to the specific circumstances of…

  18. Tensi√≥n postraum√°tica relacionada con el c√°ncer (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para pacientes

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de información revisada por expertos acerca de la tensión postraumática y los síntomas relacionados en los pacientes con cáncer, sobrevivientes del cáncer y miembros de la familia. Se discuten la evaluación y el tratamiento de estos síntomas.

  19. Comunicaci√≥n en la atenci√≥n del c√°ncer (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para profesionales de salud

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de información revisada por expertos sobre la comunicación con el paciente de cáncer y su familia, incluso los aspectos distintivos de la comunicación con pacientes de cáncer, los factores que afectan la comunicación y el entrenamiento de las aptitudes para la comunicación.

  20. Genome-wide scan revealed genetic loci for energy metabolism in Hispanic children and adolescents

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Genome-wide scans were conducted in a search for genetic locations linked to energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in children. Pedigreed data of 1030 Hispanic children and adolescents were from the Viva La Familia Study, which was designed to investigate genetic and environmental risk factors ...

  1. Tensi√≥n postraum√°tica relacionada con el c√°ncer (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para profesionales de salud

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de información revisada por expertos acerca de la tensión postraumática y síntomas relacionados en los pacientes con cáncer, sobrevivientes del cáncer y miembros de la familia. Se discuten la evaluación y tratamiento de estos síntomas.

  2. Benevolent Paradox: Integrating Community-Based Empowerment and Transdisciplinary Research Approaches into Traditional Frameworks to Increase Funding and Long-Term Sustainability of Chicano-Community Research Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Torre, Adela

    2014-01-01

    Ni√Īos Sanos, Familia Sana (NSFS) is a 5-year multi-intervention study aimed at preventing childhood obesity among Mexican-origin children in rural California. Using a transdisciplinary approach and community-based participatory research (CBPR) methodology, NSFS's development included a diversely trained team working in collaboration with‚Ķ

  3. Novel genetic loci identified for the pathophysiology of childhood obesity in the Hispanic population

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Genetic variants responsible for susceptibility to obesity and its comorbidities among Hispanic children have not been identified. The VIVA LA FAMILIA Study was designed to genetically map childhood obesity and associated biological processes in the Hispanic population. A genome-wide association stu...

  4. Gaudi Goes Green

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    When the author traveled to the city of Barcelona, Spain to see the still-unfinished La Sagrada Familia in person, she marveled at the magical genius of Antoni Gaudi's masterpiece. Inspired by Gaudi's whimsical tile work and cathedral towers, the author developed an art project that engages students in a creative experience, which combined art…

  5. Planificar la transici√≥n a la etapa final de la vida (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para pacientes

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de información revisada por expertos sobre la preparación necesaria por parte de los proveedores de atención de la salud, los pacientes y sus familias para la transición a la atención del cáncer avanzado en la etapa final de la vida.

  6. Gaudi Goes Green

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Suzanne

    2011-01-01

    When the author traveled to the city of Barcelona, Spain to see the still-unfinished La Sagrada Familia in person, she marveled at the magical genius of Antoni Gaudi's masterpiece. Inspired by Gaudi's whimsical tile work and cathedral towers, the author developed an art project that engages students in a creative experience, which combined artÖ

  7. Parent-Centered Intervention: A Practical Approach for Preventing Drug Abuse in Hispanic Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapia, Maria I.; Schwartz, Seth J.; Prado, Guillermo; Lopez, Barbara; Pantin, Hilda

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present article is to review and discuss Familias Unidas, an empirically supported, family-based, culturally specific drug abuse and HIV prevention intervention for Hispanic immigrant adolescents and their families. Method: The authors focus on engagement and retention as well as on intervention delivery.Ö

  8. Benevolent Paradox: Integrating Community-Based Empowerment and Transdisciplinary Research Approaches into Traditional Frameworks to Increase Funding and Long-Term Sustainability of Chicano-Community Research Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de la Torre, Adela

    2014-01-01

    NiŮos Sanos, Familia Sana (NSFS) is a 5-year multi-intervention study aimed at preventing childhood obesity among Mexican-origin children in rural California. Using a transdisciplinary approach and community-based participatory research (CBPR) methodology, NSFS's development included a diversely trained team working in collaboration withÖ

  9. Increasing Latino/a Representation in Math and Science: An Insider's Look

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre, Jarrad

    2009-01-01

    Recent Yale alumnus Jarrad Aguirre relates his experience creating MAS Familias, a campus organization that supports Latino/a undergraduates studying math and science. Alarmed by Latino/a students' academic struggles and the lack of Latino/a role models in the fields of math and science--and increasingly aware of the social benefits of a diverse…

  10. The SAFER Latinos Project: Addressing a Community Ecology Underlying Latino Youth Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edberg, Mark; Cleary, Sean D.; Collins, Elizabeth; Klevens, Joanne; Leiva, Rodrigo; Bazurto, Martha; Rivera, Ivonne; del Cid, Alex Taylor; Montero, Luisa; Calderon, Melba

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the intervention model, early implementation experience, and challenges for the "Seguridad, Apoyo, Familia, Educacion, y Recursos" (SAFER) Latinos project. The SAFER Latinos project is an attempt to build the evidence for a multilevel participatory youth violence prevention model tailored to the specific circumstances ofÖ

  11. Increasing Latino/a Representation in Math and Science: An Insider's Look

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aguirre, Jarrad

    2009-01-01

    Recent Yale alumnus Jarrad Aguirre relates his experience creating MAS Familias, a campus organization that supports Latino/a undergraduates studying math and science. Alarmed by Latino/a students' academic struggles and the lack of Latino/a role models in the fields of math and science--and increasingly aware of the social benefits of a diverseÖ

  12. Si, Se Puede! Preparing Teachers to Build Leadership among Underserved Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Helen M.

    2005-01-01

    The High School Puente Project, one of several outreach efforts of the University of California, is an innovative program that is designed to assist traditionally underserved students. Puente builds on community and the idea of "familia" and features a strong component of professional developments for teachers as well as structural changes in…

  13. Composing Identities: Films, Families and Racism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aitken, Stuart C.; Jokisch, Brad D.; Boone, Christopher G.

    2003-01-01

    With this paper, I elaborate the use of the movies "American History X" and "Mi Familia" in classroom settings to highlight issues of ethnicity and the social construction of identity through families and communities. Taken together, these movies draw attention to racial geographies of Los Angeles but in very different ways. I contrast the ways…

  14. A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Parent-Centered Intervention in Preventing Substance Use and HIV Risk Behaviors in Hispanic Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prado, Guillermo; Pantin, Hilda; Briones, Ervin; Schwartz, Seth J.; Feaster, Daniel; Huang, Shi; Sullivan, Summer; Tapia, Maria I.; Sabillon, Eduardo; Lopez, Barbara; Szapocznik, Jose

    2007-01-01

    The present study evaluated the efficacy of Familias Unidas + Parent-Preadolescent Training for HIV Prevention (PATH), a Hispanic-specific, parent-centered intervention, in preventing adolescent substance use and unsafe sexual behavior. Two hundred sixty-six 8th-grade Hispanic adolescents and their primary caregivers were randomly assigned to 1 of…

  15. Unintended Effects of an Intervention Supporting Mexican-Heritage Youth: Decreased Parent Heavy Drinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Lela Rankin; Marsiglia, Flavio F.; Baldwin, Adrienne; Ayers, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To assess the impact of a parenting intervention, "Familias: Preparando la Nueva Generación" (FPNG), intended to support children, on parents heavy drinking. We hypothesized that parent participants of FPNG would reduce their heavy drinking at 1-year follow-up. Methods: Parents (N = 281) of middle school children from a large,…

  16. Rape Within the Hispanic Family Unit.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinones-Sierra, Sylvia

    Because problems such as rape are often viewed as personal concerns of "la familia" there is great tendency on the part of Hispanics to accept this crime as something that must be resolved without intervention from the police, the hospitals or the courts. Seldom will much needed therapy and auxillary type services be sought due to the extreme…

  17. Cultural Understanding: Spanish Level 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Reid

    The teacher's attention is focused on selected elements of Spanish culture which may be taught integrally with instructional materials found in the first-year Spanish texts "Entender y Hablar", "La Familia Fernandez", and "A-LM Spanish, Level One". Items are cross-referenced for 42 cultural concepts ranging from nicknames to streets, roads, and…

  18. Research Considerations and Theoretical Application for Best Practices in Higher Education: Latina/os Achieving Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castellanos, Jeanett; Gloria, Alberta M.

    2007-01-01

    This scholarly article addresses the Latina/o undergraduate experiences proposing a (re)definition of educational success. Discussing strength-based practices of "familia", mentorship, cultural congruity, and professional development from a psychosociocultural (PSC) approach, the article presents practical recommendations and directions for…

  19. Parent-Centered Intervention: A Practical Approach for Preventing Drug Abuse in Hispanic Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapia, Maria I.; Schwartz, Seth J.; Prado, Guillermo; Lopez, Barbara; Pantin, Hilda

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The objective of the present article is to review and discuss Familias Unidas, an empirically supported, family-based, culturally specific drug abuse and HIV prevention intervention for Hispanic immigrant adolescents and their families. Method: The authors focus on engagement and retention as well as on intervention delivery.…

  20. Implementing Ready To Learn Outreach: Lessons from 20 Public Television Stations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vogel, Cheri; Uhl, Stacey; Boller, Kimberly

    Ready to Learn is an outreach initiative designed to increase the potential of PBS children's television programs to teach children cognitive and social skills. The program funds workshops for parents and teachers, materials supplementing children's television programs, children's book distribution, and "PBS Families" and "PBS para la Familia"…

  1. La Implementacion de la Tecnologia en el Salon de Clases: Una guia para los que toman decisiones en las escuelas rurales (Putting Technology into the Classroom: A Guide for Rural Decision Makers).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boethel, Martha; Dimock, K. Victoria; Hatch, Lin; Adams, Sharon, Ed.; Heath, Marilyn, Ed.

    This guide is intended for superintendents and central office staff in small, rural school districts who are considering ways of using technology in the classroom. It provides information about why technology is worth the trouble and what it can accomplish, lays out the basic issues and tasks involved in integrating technology into classroom…

  2. Teacher: Can You See What I'm Saying? A Research Experience with Deaf Learners (Profe: ¬ŅPuedes "ver" lo que estoy diciendo? Una experiencia de investigaci√≥n con alumnos sordos)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    √Āvila Caica, Olga Luc√≠a

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports a study carried out with eleven deaf volunteers who belonged to different academic programs at a Colombian public university but did not receive English instruction as part of their professional training. The main goal of the research study was to identify the effect of using Internet resources as support for the design and…

  3. Ideologies Revealed during the Construction of Meaning in an EFL Class (Ideologías reveladas durante la construcción de significado en una clase de inglés como lengua extranjera)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fajardo Mora, Néstor Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on an interpretive qualitative study conducted at a public university in Bogotá with 26 pre-service social studies teachers. It is focused on unveiling which ideologies are discovered when they construct the meaning of texts through text-based tasks in an English as a foreign language class. The data were collected by using…

  4. Developing Academic Literacy and Voice: Challenges Faced by a Mature ESL Student and Her Instructors (Desarrollo del discurso académico y la voz: retos de una estudiante de inglés como segunda lengua y sus profesores)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Correa, Doris

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on critical, socio-cultural and sociolinguistic theories of writing, text and voice, this ethnographic study examines the challenges that a mature ESL student and her instructors in a university course on Spanish Language Media face as they co-construct a common understanding of academic literacy and voice in an undergraduate General…

  5. The Feasibility of Assessing Teenagers' Oral English Language Performance with a Rubric (La viabilidad de evaluar el desempe√Īo oral de los adolescentes en ingl√©s con una r√ļbrica)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pineda, Diana

    2014-01-01

    This article reports the experience of a study group in a public university in Colombia, formed mostly by academic coordinators who worked in the design of assessment rubrics. Its focus is on the experience of the academic coordinator of the English program for teenagers, who concentrated on implementing the rubric to assess the students' oral…

  6. Teachers' Knowledge of Second Language and Curriculum: A Narrative Experience (Conocimiento de los profesores acerca de la segunda lengua y el currículo: una experiencia narrativa)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendieta Aguilar, Jenny Alexandra

    2011-01-01

    This study was carried out with a group of three teachers who work for the foreign languages department of a private university in Colombia. It was aimed at unveiling and characterizing the narrative knowledge these teachers hold about language teaching and learning processes as well as the role this knowledge plays in the constant construction…

  7. Online Peer Feedback between Colombian and New Zealand FL Beginners: A Comparison and Lessons Learned (Retroalimentación virtual de pares entre aprendices principiantes de lengua de Colombia y Nueva Zelanda: una comparación y lecciones aprendidas)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tolosa, Constanza; Ord√≥√Īez, Claudia Luc√≠a; Alfonso, Tania

    2015-01-01

    We report on an exploratory study comparing the performance as online tutors of two groups of beginner eleven-year-old students of English in Colombia and Spanish in New Zealand. The native speaker students of the foreign language the others were learning corrected paragraphs written by their peers. The feedback provided by each group of tutors…

  8. Contributions of a Social Justice Language Teacher Education Perspective to Professional Development Programs in Colombia (Contribuciones de una perspectiva de justicia social para la formación de docentes de lenguas a los programas de desarrollo profesional en Colombia)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sierra Piedrahita, Ana María

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the social justice language teacher education perspective and how it can help language teachers to develop a political view of their work and effect change inside and outside their particular school contexts. To do this, she briefly analyzes various professional development programs for teachers of English in…

  9. Fostering Intercultural Communicative Competence through Reading Authentic Literary Texts in an Advanced Colombian EFL Classroom: A Constructivist Perspective (Desarrollo de la competencia comunicativa intercultural mediante la lectura de textos literarios auténticos: una perspectiva constructivista)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gómez, Luis Fernando R.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes an action research experience carried out in an advanced English as a foreign language classroom of the language program at a university in Bogotá, Colombia, in 2010. The study proposes the inclusion of authentic literary texts in the English as a foreign language classroom through the implementation of four constructivist…

  10. The Latinas' Guide to the Information Superhighway: A Bilingual Guide for Latinas by Latinas = Guia para Mujeres Latinas sobre la Supercarretera de la Informacion: Una Guia Bilingue para Latinas por medio de Latinas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MANA, A National Latina Organization, Washington, DC.

    This guide to the Internet is designed to give Latinas basic information on computers and the information superhighway. Written in both Spanish and English, the guide begins by defining the Internet and making some suggestions about acquiring access to a computer. Among the topics discussed are how to choose an Internet service provider, how to…

  11. Viajando por la Carretera de la Educacion Especial: Una Guia para los Padres para Tener un Viaje Feliz y Seguro (Traveling the Special Education Highway: A Parent's Guide to a Safe and Happy Journey).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santa Maria, Karen

    Designed for Spanish-speaking parents, this brochure, written in Spanish, uses a car-trip analogy to describe special education services for students with disabilities. It addresses: (1) child find; (2) initial evaluation and eligibility determination; (3) categories of students who receive special education services and related services; (4)…

  12. Una Ricerca sull'Applicazione del TALB (Test di Attitudine Linguistica per Bambini) nella Scola Elementare [Research on the Application of the TALB (A Test for Linguistic Aptitude for Children) in Elementary School].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Acone, Ilario

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the administration of the Test di Attitudine Linguistica per Bambini (TALB) to students 7-9 years of age. Correlations between the TALB and achievement tests administered at the end of the course were very high. It is concluded that aptitude is a main factor in successful learning of a second language. (16 references) (LET)

  13. "Una Communita" Poco Nota della Communicazione non Verbale: Come Communicano il Direttore e l'Orchestra (A Little Known "Community" of Nonverbal Communication: How the Conductor and Orchestra Communicate).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leonardi, Magda Farago

    1992-01-01

    Examines how conductors and orchestras communicate. Communication is essentially nonverbal. Conductors use gestures, gaze, facial expression, nods and posture to deliver their message. Norbert Weiner's Cybernetic Theory of human communication is seen as a means of analyzing precisely how this musical communication takes place. (16 references) (LET)

  14. SOS! Ayuda para Padres: Una Guia Practica para Manejar Problemas de Conducta Comunes y Corrientes. (SOS! Help for Parents: A Practical Guide for Handling Common Everyday Behavior Problems.) Leader's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Lynn

    This Spanish-language version of "SOS" provides parents with guidance for handling a variety of common behavior problems based on the behavior approach to child rearing and discipline. This approach suggests that good and bad behavior are both learned and can be changed, and proposes specific methods, skills, procedures, and strategies for parentsÖ

  15. Pautas para Organizar Una Actividad de Capacitacion: Un Seminario-Taller para el Desarrollo de Personal de Direccion de Sistemas Educativos (Guidelines to Organize a Training Activity: A Workshop for Management Development of Educational Systems).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valle, Victor M.

    Often personnel performing managerial functions within educational systems are educators with almost no training in management. This paper presents ideas on how to organize a training activity intended to develop management knowledge and skills among educational systems officials and to implement an organizational self-study on management…

  16. "Buddy System": A Pedagogical Innovation to Promote Online Interaction (Sistema de amigos: una innovación pedagógica para fomentar la interacción en línea)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espitia Cruz, Martha Isabel; Kwinta, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Recent technological development has created new pedagogical practices in the EFL classroom to maximize the time for students to use the language by considering online tools. Whilst working in a pedagogical context with new technologies, some educators were concerned with how online interaction in EFL content-based classes could be effectively…

  17. World bank's role in the electric power sector: Policies for effective institutional, regulatory, and financial reform. World Bank policy paper. Funcion del banco mundial en el sector de la electricidad: politicas para efectuar una reforma institucional, regulatoria y financiera eficaz

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The paper outlines the World Bank's new policies for the energy sector. It recommends several new policies to improve the performance of the electric power sector in developing countries. Bank loans for electric power will go first to countries clearly committed to improving the performance of their power sectors. The Bank will also discourage subsidies on energy prices and will encourage private investment in utilities. And it will provide financing to help the least developed countries import power where local generation is not practical.

  18. Desarrollo de una Interfaz de Control para un Observatorio Astronómico Robotizado con fines educativos en la Facultad de Ciencias Exactas; Físicas y Naturales de la UNSJ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pogrebinsky, L.; Francile, C.

    We report the development and the construction of an Interface to Control a robotized Astronomical Observatory (ICOA), which allows to control the operation of an observatory based on a Meade LX200 telescope. The interface operates together with a computer to control and supervise all the local variables of the observatory, and can take the control of it in risky situations. It serves as a link among the control computer and all the necessary devices for the astronomical observation such as the telescope, the dome, the weather station, the CCD camera, the calibration devices and the security devices. The computer receives orders from an operator who can be or not at the site of observation. The goal of this robotized observatory is the operation in a secure, autonomous and unattended way, with the purpose of to be used remotely by the students of the "Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales" of the UNSJ. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

  19. El Instituto de Nutrición de Centro América y Panamá: Servicios de Información Científica en Una Región en Vía de Desarrollo *

    PubMed Central

    Flores, Raquel; Corado, Adelina; Girón, Arturo

    1964-01-01

    Pioneering scientific information in underdeveloped areas poses several problems, such as (1) lack of understanding on the part of key functionaries as to the why, what, and when of information services; (2) lack of trained personnel to assume the responsibility for such services; (3) lack of economic resources; and (4) lack of information pertaining to available bibliographical sources in the particular area or region. The Bibliographic and Documentation Service of the Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama (INCAP) provides, in addition to the customary services, technical assistance for the organization or reorganization of biomedical libraries and makes INCAP library materials available to member countries, either by loan or photocopy. Although the program was designed for the member countries, INCAP tries to make its services available to other Latin American nations, Africa, and Asia, where similar nutritional problems are being studied. PMID:14119292

  20. Alcoholism and the Hispanic: A Mutual Concern = El Alcoholismo y Los Hispanos Una Preocupacion Nacional. Proceedings of the National Hispanic Conference on Alcoholism (San Antonio, Texas, September 7-10, 1981).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    AVANTE International Systems Corp., San Antonio, TX.

    Written in Spanish and English, the proceedings include 6 papers and the recommendations presented at the conference on alcoholism and alcohol-related problems among Hispanics attended by approximately 400 participants, representing 29 states, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. "The Challenge of the 1980's: Action Through Unity" discusses the need for unity…

  1. Vinculos Entre la Capacitacion de Docentes y el Desarrollo de Materiales Educativos Impresos--Anotaciones para Una Discusion (Links between In-service Teacher Training and the Development of Printed Educational Aids).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valle, Victor M.

    Textbooks and other printed materials will be ever present, in the foreseeable future, as major aids for teaching and learning processes. New textbooks imply new guidelines for teachers, and the ways to handle such guidelines demand teacher training. This paper explains some links between inservice teacher training programs and the development of…

  2. Guiandose por la Intrincada Senda de la Educacion Especial: Una Guia para Padres y Maestros. Tercera Edicion. (Negotiating the Special Education Maze: A Guide for Parents & Teachers. Third Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Winifred; Chitwood, Stephen; Hayden, Deidre

    Designed to assist Spanish-speaking parents and teachers in understanding special education procedures, this book describes the process for obtaining school services for children with disabilities. An introduction reviews six major provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that relate to children's rights to a free,…

  3. Linguistica matematica, statistica linguistica e linguistica applicata. Una nota storica sui lessici di frequenza e l'educazione linguistica (Mathematical Linguistics, Linguistic Statistics, and Applied Linguistics. An Historical Note on Word Frequencies and Linguistic Education)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elia, Annibale

    1977-01-01

    This article traces the history of several themes in applied linguistics and to show the relationships between linguistic theory and the sciences concerned with the learning and teaching of languages. Interest in word frequency statistics is discussed in particular. (Text is in Italian.) (CFM)

  4. Ayudando a los Ninos a Amarse a Si Mismos y a Otros: Una guia profesional para el cuidado infantil en el hogar (Helping Children Love Themselves and Others: A Professional Handbook for Family Day Care).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellert, Sandra; And Others

    This Spanish-language guide presents an anti-bias, multicultural approach to family day care. Part A provides a rationale for such an approach. Subsections of this part concern: (1) family day care as a site for the transmission of bias; (2) characteristics of an anti-bias, multicultural approach; (3) language and stereotypes; (4) developmental…

  5. Fields without Borders: An Anthology of Documentary Writing and Photography by Student Action with Farmworkers' Interns = Campos sin Fronteras: Una Antologia de Obras Escritas y Fotografia por Estudiantes Internos de Accion Estudiantil con Trabajadores Agricolas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manly, Libby, Ed.; Okie, Alejandra, Ed.; Wiggins, Melinda, Ed.

    In this booklet, essays and poems, presented both in English and in Spanish, portray the feelings, conditions, and economic plight of migrant and seasonal farmworkers in North and South Carolina, often in their own words. A preface describes Student Action with Farmworkers summer internships in which college students spend 10 weeks working with…

  6. Puerto Rican Psychology: A Review of Issues Pertaining to Assessment and Counseling = La Psicologia Puertorriquena: Una Revision de la Problematica Relacionada con la Medicion y la Consejeria. Monograph #135.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prewitt-Diaz, Joseph O., Ed.

    This is a collection of papers related to psychological assessment and counseling in Puerto Rico. Included are: (1) an introduction (in Spanish), by Joseph O. Prewitt-Diaz; (2) "A Procedure for Constructing Valid Cross-Cultural Attitude Measures for Use in Puerto Rico," by Cecil R. Trueblood; (3) "Perfil de Personalidad en el Adolescente…

  7. Bilinguismo e immigrazione: una nota sociolinguistica al piano europeo di mantenimento delle lingue nazionali nelle comunita di emigrati (Bilingualism and Immigration: A Sociolinguistic View of the European Plan for the Maintainance of National Languages in Immigrant Communities).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tosi, Arturo

    1979-01-01

    Outlines the European Economic Community's (EEC) plan for the maintainance of national languages among immigrants. Describes the variety of objectives behind the EEC's linguistic policy as incompatible with the creation of a unified instructional approach. Emphasizes that dialects spoken within immigrant families create additional problems in…

  8. Puerto Rican Psychology: A Review of Issues Pertaining to Assessment and Counseling = La Psicologia Puertorriquena: Una Revision de la Problematica Relacionada con la Medicion y la Consejeria. Monograph #135.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prewitt-Diaz, Joseph O., Ed.

    This is a collection of papers related to psychological assessment and counseling in Puerto Rico. Included are: (1) an introduction (in Spanish), by Joseph O. Prewitt-Diaz; (2) "A Procedure for Constructing Valid Cross-Cultural Attitude Measures for Use in Puerto Rico," by Cecil R. Trueblood; (3) "Perfil de Personalidad en el AdolescenteÖ

  9. Expresiones de Modalidad en una Situacion de Contacto: "Deber (De)" Vs. "Tener Que" en el Espanol Hablado en Houston (Expressions of Modals in a Contact Situation in the Spanish Spoken in Houston).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairclough, Marta

    2000-01-01

    Examined an aspect of modality in the Spanish spoken in the Houston, Texas community. Demonstrates that semantic-pragmatic variation and change are taking place and affecting the forms of "deber (de) and "tener que" in their deontic and epistemic modes. Interviewed Mexicans and Mexican-Americans in Spanish. Analyses show an increased use of "tener…

  10. La Provision de una Igualdad de Oportunidades Educativas para los Estudiantes con Conocimientos Limitados del Idioma Ingles (The Provision of an Equal Education Opportunity to Limited English Proficient Students).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This federal policy statement outlines policy on provision of education to limited-English-speaking school children. First, it describes briefly the demographics of this population and the academic difficulties faced by them, and the recent federal initiative for broadened educational opportunity, America 2000: An Education Strategy. Then,…

  11. Hacia una pedagogia Co-emergente, Transaccional y Transcultural: El Cuento Ultracorto de Cienca Ficcion en Ingles (Towards a Co-emerging Transactional and Transcultural Pedagogy: The Science Fiction Short Short Story in English).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    An outline of a "co-emergent" pedagogical perspective describes the conceptual framework for an advanced university-level English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) course. The course framework, which involves choosing and studying a brief science fiction story, allows for transcultural encounters via a transactional literary approach in which the…

  12. Writing Using Blogs: A Way to Engage Colombian Adolescents in Meaningful Communication (La escritura a través de bitácoras o "blogs": una forma de involucrar a adolescentes colombianos en comunicación significativa)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rojas √Ālvarez, Gloria

    2011-01-01

    We report an action research project developed with ninth grade students of a public school in Bogotá, Colombia, and which focused on innovating English communication through writing blogs. The project took into account the implementation of a specific blog that proposes activities, suggestions, strategies and links, among other things, to…

  13. Towards Contextual Experimentation: Creating a Faculty Learning Community to Cultivate Writing-to-Learn Practices (Hacia una experimentación contextual: Creando comunidades de aprendizaje docente para el cultivo de prácticas de escritura para el aprendizaje)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Mary K.; Rao, Kavita; Stewart, Maria L.; Farley, Cynthia A.; Li, Katherine

    2016-01-01

    In order to explore ways to integrate new pedagogical practices, five faculty members created an informal faculty learning community focused on writing-to-learn practices, an inquiry and process-based writing pedagogy. The faculty members learned the writing-to-learn practices together, periodically met to discuss how they implemented the…

  14. Introduccion a la Evaluacion: Una introduccion practica a la evaluacion en proyectos para la ninez de temprana edad (Introducing Evaluation: A Practical Introduction to Evaluation in Early Childhood Projects).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eyken, Willem van der

    Developed for the staff of field projects, this booklet provides guidelines for evaluating projects to promote activities that will enhance the well-being of young children, their families, and their communities. The booklet aims to stimulate ideas and discussions, offers general principles to help in evaluation, and raises issues that encourage…

  15. Studiar L'inglese dalle elementari--Problema europeo: Una proposta nuova della pedagogia cibernetica (Beginning the Study of English in the Elementary School Grades--A European Problem: A New Proposal from Cibernetic Education).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiti-Batelli, Andrea

    1986-01-01

    Warns the European community of the dangers of accepting English as the international language and urges the adoption of Esperanto, a neutral language without its own cultural tradition, as the international lingua franca. (CFM)

  16. Kathy Attends a Mother-to-Mother Support Group Meeting. Mother-to-Mother Support = Josefa Asiste a una Reunion de Grupo de Apoyo de Madre a Madre. Apoyo Madre a Madre.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Rebecca; Stone-Jimerez, Maryanne; Allen de Smith, Paulina; Smith, Natalia

    These magazine-sized booklets, one in English, one in Spanish, are in cartoon format and designed to be used by people with limited literacy in English or Spanish. This booklet explains what a mothers' support group is, and that mothers share experiences and information about breastfeeding, invite friends and relatives to attend, and is…

  17. Teacher Collaboration Praxis: Conflicts, Borders, and Ideologies from a Micropolitical Perspective (La práctica colaborativa entre docentes: conflictos, fronteras e ideologías desde una perspectiva micropolítica)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keranen, Nancy; Encinas Prudencio, F√°tima

    2014-01-01

    This paper looks at a feature of teacher collaboration within Achinstein's (2002) micropolitics of collaboration but from an intrapersonal perspective. Results discussed feature issues of conflict, borders, and ideologies within each participating teacher rather than between teachers. Unresolved or unacknowledged intrapersonal conflict might lead…

  18. El análisis de un estudio clínico indica que una combinación de fármacos puede ser de gran eficacia

    Cancer.gov

    El uso de un tratamiento farmacol√≥gico combinado para el c√°ncer de ovario recidivante mostr√≥ mejor√≠as significativas, seg√ļn se inform√≥ el d√≠a de hoy en el congreso anual de la Sociedad Americana de Oncolog√≠a Cl√≠nica (ASCO). La combinaci√≥n farmacol√≥gica se

  19. Un Nuevo Convenio para el Aprendizaje: Una Sociedad para Mejorar los Resultados Educativos en el Estado de Nueva York (A New Compact for Learning: A Partnership To Improve Educational Results in New York State).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Elementary, Middle and Secondary Education.

    This Spanish translation of the abridged version of "A New Compact for Learning" acknowledges the current U.S. education system's inadequacy to educate U.S. citizenry and introduces New York State's New Compact for Learning, intended as a plan to reorganize New York's own system. The compact's fundamental principles are: (1) recognizing that all…

  20. Receta para el Exito. Una Guia Actualizada para Padres sobre el Mejoramiento de las Escuelas de Colorado y Logros Estudiantiles (Recipe for Success: An Updated Parents' Guide to Improving Colorado Schools and Student Achievement).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taher, Bonnie; Durr, Pamela

    This Spanish language guide describes ways that parents can help improve student achievement and school quality. It answers such questions as: how to choose the right early-education opportunity for a preschooler; how to make sure a 5-year-old is ready for school; how to help a daughter do well in school; how to work with a daughter's or son's…

  1. SOS! Ayuda para Padres: Una Guia Practica para Manejar Problemas de Conducta Comunes y Corrientes. (SOS! Help for Parents: A Practical Guide for Handling Common Everyday Behavior Problems.) Leader's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Lynn

    This Spanish-language version of "SOS" provides parents with guidance for handling a variety of common behavior problems based on the behavior approach to child rearing and discipline. This approach suggests that good and bad behavior are both learned and can be changed, and proposes specific methods, skills, procedures, and strategies for parents…

  2. Jovenes con Discapacidades y Enfermedades Cronicas: Una Guia Introductoria para Joyenes y Padres. Revisiones de CYDLINE (Youth with Disabilities and Chronic Illnesses: An Introductory Guide for Youth and Parents. CYDLINE Reviews). Parents. CYDLINE Reviews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

    This bibliography covers a wide range of issues related to the needs of adolescents and young adults with chronic illnesses and disabilities and their families. For each item in the bibliography, information provided includes author, title, source, date, and abstract. Price information is given when available. Materials include books, audiotapes,…

  3. Little Steps for New Parents: A Week-by-Week Guide and Journal for Baby's First Year = Pasitos para nuevos padres: Una guia y diario semanal para el primer ano del bebe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briggs, Sandy

    Providing young infants with a loving and interesting environment through play will have a positive impact on their future. This book, designed for first time parents, provides simple and enjoyable activities intended to promote brain development during the first year. The book's introduction discusses the importance of the environment during theÖ

  4. Hacia la creacion de una filosofia latinoamericana. Un ensayo nacionalista: El perfil del hombre y la cultura en Mexico (Toward the Creation of a Latin American Philosophy. An Essay on Nationalism: A Profile of the Mexicans and Their Culture).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Manuel

    An analysis of a Mexican essay by Samuel Ramos attempts to resolve the issue of whether or not there is a common philosophy in Latin America today. Manuel Mendoza concludes that no such philosophy exists, because the area has not had time to develop an internal character, and as a result, the intellectual and and philosophical concepts are based…

  5. Task-Based Language Learning: Old Approach, New Style. A New Lesson to Learn (Aprendizaje basado en tareas: un antiguo enfoque, un nuevo estilo. Una nueva lección para aprender)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodríguez-Bonces, Mónica; Rodríguez-Bonces, Jeisson

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of Task-Based Language Learning (TBL) and its use in the teaching and learning of foreign languages. It begins by defining the concept of TBL, followed by a presentation of its framework and implications, and finally, a lesson plan based on TBL. The article presents an additional stage to be considered when planning…

  6. Reaching Higher. A Parent's Guide to the Washington Assessment of Learning. Revised = Para llegar mas arriba. Una guia para padres sobre la evaluacion del aprendizaje de los estudiantes del estado de Washington (Washington Assessment of Student Learning). Revisado.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Office of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Olympia.

    This guide in English and Spanish is designed to answer questions parents may have about the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL), including how it will help improve their children's education, how it is scored, and how to use the information it provides. In Washington, clear educational goals for subject content, thinking skills, and…

  7. Methodology for producing 100 tons of fuel peat for a cement plant test burn. Metodologia para producir 100 toneladas de turba combustible para una prueba de quema en uns planta de cemento

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, A.B.; Malavassi, L.; Ramirez, O.; Thayer, G. , Plymouth, NC; RECOPE, San Jose; Los Alamos National Lab., NM )

    1989-05-01

    As a part of the Agency for International Development-funded cooperative project between Los Alamos and Costa Rica, the burning characteristics of Costa Rican peat were to be tested in an application. The cement plant owned by Industria National de Cemento in Cartago has a capability to handle solid fuel and was chosen for the burn demonstration. The Jungle No. 1 Peat Deposit near El Cairo was chosen as the site of the peat excavation. This peat production methodology study covers project site selection, installation of an access road and clearing of the jungle vegetation, removal of an upper layer of organic peat, excavation of fuel-grade peat, transport of the peat to the drying site, and drying and stockpiling of the finished product. As of this date the peat removal for the demonstration project has been started, and a description of the operation is included as an appendix to this paper. 10 figs.

  8. La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

    In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

  9. Reducing the Risk of Internalizing Symptoms among High-risk Hispanic Youth through a Family Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    PubMed

    Perrino, Tatiana; Pantin, Hilda; Huang, Shi; Brincks, Ahnalee; Brown, C Hendricks; Prado, Guillermo

    2016-03-01

    Familias Unidas is an intervention that has been found to be efficacious in preventing and reducing substance use, sexual risk, and problem behaviors among Hispanic youth. While it does not specifically target youth internalizing symptoms, the intervention works to strengthen parenting and family factors associated with reduced risk of internalizing symptoms (i.e., depression, anxiety symptoms). This study examines the effects of Familias Unidas on internalizing symptoms among high-risk youth, as well as the role of family level factors in the intervention's effects. A total of 242 12-17-year-old Hispanic youth with a history of delinquency and their primary caregivers were recruited from the school and juvenile justice systems, and randomly assigned to the Familias Unidas intervention or community practice control. A linear latent growth model was used to examine intervention effects on the trajectory of adolescent internalizing symptoms from baseline to 6 and 12 months post-baseline. Results show that the Familias Unidas intervention was more efficacious than control in reducing youth internalizing symptoms. Baseline youth externalizing and internalizing symptoms did not moderate the intervention's effects on the trajectory of youth internalizing symptoms. While parent-adolescent communication did not significantly moderate the intervention's effects, changes in parent-adolescent communication mediated the intervention's effects on internalizing symptoms, showing stronger intervention effects for youth starting with poorer communication. Findings indicate that the Familias Unidas intervention can reduce internalizing symptoms among high-risk Hispanic youth, and that improving parent-youth communication, a protective family factor, may be one of the mechanisms by which the intervention influences youth internalizing symptoms. PMID:25683164

  10. Spatial patterns of carbon, biodiversity, deforestation threat, and REDD+ projects in Indonesia

    PubMed Central

    Murray, Josil P; Grenyer, Richard; Wunder, Sven; Raes, Niels; Jones, Julia PG

    2015-01-01

    There are concerns that Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) may fail to deliver potential biodiversity cobenefits if it is focused on high carbon areas. We explored the spatial overlaps between carbon stocks, biodiversity, projected deforestation threats, and the location of REDD+ projects in Indonesia, a tropical country at the forefront of REDD+ development. For biodiversity, we assembled data on the distribution of terrestrial vertebrates (ranges of amphibians, mammals, birds, reptiles) and plants (species distribution models for 8 families). We then investigated congruence between different measures of biodiversity richness and carbon stocks at the national and subnational scales. Finally, we mapped active REDD+ projects and investigated the carbon density and potential biodiversity richness and modeled deforestation pressures within these forests relative to protected areas and unprotected forests. There was little internal overlap among the different hotspots (richest 10% of cells) of species richness. There was also no consistent spatial congruence between carbon stocks and the biodiversity measures: a weak negative correlation at the national scale masked highly variable and nonlinear relationships island by island. Current REDD+ projects were preferentially located in areas with higher total species richness and threatened species richness but lower carbon densities than protected areas and unprotected forests. Although a quarter of the total area of these REDD+ projects is under relatively high deforestation pressure, the majority of the REDD+ area is not. In Indonesia at least, first-generation REDD+ projects are located where they are likely to deliver biodiversity benefits. However, if REDD+ is to deliver additional gains for climate and biodiversity, projects will need to focus on forests with the highest threat to deforestation, which will have cost implications for future REDD+ implementation. Los Patrones Espaciales del Carbono, la Biodiversidad, la Amenaza de Deforestaci√≥n y los Proyectos REDD+ en Indonesia Resumen Actualmente hay preocupaci√≥n por que las Emisiones Reducidas de la Deforestaci√≥n y Degradaci√≥n del Bosque (REDD+, en ingl√©s) puedan fallar en la entrega de co‚Äďbeneficios potenciales de la biodiversidad si se enfocan en √°reas de alto carbono. Exploramos los traslapes espaciales entre los stocks de carbono, la biodiversidad, las amenazas proyectadas de deforestaci√≥n y la ubicaci√≥n de proyectos REDD+ en Indonesia, un pa√≠s tropical a la vanguardia del desarrollo REDD+. Para la biodiversidad, reunimos datos sobre la distribuci√≥n de vertebrados terrestres (h√°bitats de anfibios, mam√≠feros, aves y reptiles) y plantas (modelos de distribuci√≥n de especies para ocho familia). Despu√©s investigamos la congruencia entre las diferentes medidas de la riqueza de la biodiversidad y los stocks de carbono en la escala nacional y sub‚Äďnacional. Finalmente mapeamos proyectos REDD+ activos e investigamos la densidad de carbono y la riqueza potencial de la biodiversidad y modelamos presiones de deforestaci√≥n dentro de estos bosques en relaci√≥n con √°reas protegidas y no protegidas. Hubo poco traslape interno entre los diferentes hotspots (el 10% m√°s rico de las celdas) de riqueza de especies. Tampoco hubo congruencia espacial consecuente entre los stocks de carbono y las medidas de la biodiversidad: una correlaci√≥n negativa d√©bil en la escala nacional enmascar√≥ las relaciones altamente variables y no-lineales isla por isla. Los proyectos REDD+ actuales estuvieron ubicados preferencialmente en √°reas con una riqueza total de especies y con una riqueza de especies amenazadas m√°s altas pero con densidades de carbono m√°s bajas que en las √°reas protegidas y los bosques sin protecci√≥n. Aunque un cuarto del √°rea total de estos proyectos REDD+ est√° bajo una presi√≥n de deforestaci√≥n relativamente alta, la mayor√≠a del √°rea REDD+ no lo est√°. Por lo menos en Indonesia, los proyectos REDD+ de primera generaci√≥n est√°n ubicados en donde tengan probabilidad de entregar beneficios para la biodiversidad. Sin embargo, si se espera que REDD+ entregue beneficios adicionales para el clima y la biodiversidad, los proyectos necesitar√°n enfocarse en los bosques con la mayor amenaza de deforestaci√≥n, lo que tendr√° implicaciones de costo para la implementaci√≥n futura de REDD+. PMID:25864538

  11. Herbarium of the University of Malaga (Spain): Vascular Plants Collection

    PubMed Central

    García-Sánchez, José; Cabezudo, Baltasar

    2013-01-01

    Abstract The herbarium of University of M√°laga (MGC Herbarium) is formed by four biological collections. The vascular plants collection (MGC-Cormof) is the main collection of the herbarium. MGC-Cormof dataset aims to digitize and publish data associated with over 76.000 specimens deposited in the collection, of which 97.2% of the specimens are identified at species level. Since 2011, the University of Malaga‚Äôs Central Research Service (SCAI) has been responsible for maintaining the herbariums and the dataset. The collection is growing continuously, with an annual intake of about 1.500 specimens. Nearly 96% of the collection is digitized, by Herbar v3.7.1 software (F. Pando et al. 1996‚Äď2011), making over 73.000 specimens accessible through the GBIF network (http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8105/). At present, 247 families and 8.110 taxa, distributed in angiosperms (93.97%), ferns and fern allies (4.89%) and gymnosperms (1.14%), constitute the MGC-Cormof collection. The families and genera best represented in the collection are Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Labiatae, Caryophyllaceae, Teucrium, Silene, Asplenium, Linaria and Quercus. Most of the specimens are from the Western Mediterranean Region, fundamentally Southern Spain (Andalusia: 82% of specimens) and Northern Morocco (2.17%). Approximately, 63% of the specimens are georeferenced. The identification of the specimens in the collection has been carried out by the plant biology department at the University of Malaga and plus 40% of the specimens has been reviewed by experts. The MGC-Cormof dataset has been revised by DarwinTest v3.2 tool (Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) before being published in GBIF. The data included in this database are important for conservation works, taxonomy, flora, cartography, phenology, palynology, among others. El Herbario de la Universidad de M√°laga (Herbario MGC) est√° constituido por cuatro colecciones biol√≥gicas. La colecci√≥n de plantas vasculares (MGC Cormof) es la colecci√≥n principal del herbario. La base de datos MGC-Cormof tiene como objetivo la digitalizaci√≥n y publicaci√≥n de los datos asociados con los m√°s de 76.000 ejemplares depositados en la colecci√≥n, de los cuales el 97,2% de las muestras se encuentran identificadas a nivel de especie. Desde 2011, los Servicios Centrales de Investigaci√≥n (SCAI) de la Universidad de M√°laga son responsables de mantener el herbario y sus respectivas bases de datos. Esta colecci√≥n est√° en continuo crecimiento, con una incorporaci√≥n anual de unos 1.500 ejemplares. Casi el 96% de la colecci√≥n est√° digitalizada, a trav√©s del programa Herbar v3.7.1 (F. Pando et al. 1996‚Äď2011) por lo que m√°s de 73.000 espec√≠menes son accesibles a trav√©s de la red de GBIF (http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8105/). Actualmente, la colecci√≥n MGC-Cormof est√° constituida por 247 familias y 8.110 taxones, distribuidos en angiospermas (93,97%), helechos y plantas afines (4,89%) y gimnospermas (1,14%). Las familias y g√©neros mejor representados en la colecci√≥n son Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Labiatae, Caryophyllaceae, Teucrium, Silene, Asplenium, Linaria y Quercus. La mayor√≠a de los espec√≠menes provienen de la regi√≥n del Mediterr√°neo Occidental, fundamentalmente del sur de Espa√Īa (Andaluc√≠a: 82% de las muestras) y del norte de Marruecos (2,17%). Aproximadamente, el 63% de las muestras se encuentran georreferenciadas. La identificaci√≥n de los ejemplares de la colecci√≥n ha sido realizada por personal del departamento de biolog√≠a vegetal de la Universidad de M√°laga y adem√°s un 40% de los ejemplares ha sido revisado por especialistas. La base de datos MGC-Cormof ha sido revisada mediante la herramienta DarwinTest v3.2 (Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) antes de ser publicada en GBIF. Los datos incluidos en esta base de datos son importantes para trabajos de conservaci√≥n, taxonom√≠a, flora, cartograf√≠a, fenolog√≠a, palinolog√≠a, entre otros. PMID:24194668

  12. Herbarium of the university of malaga (Spain): vascular plants collection.

    PubMed

    García-Sánchez, José; Cabezudo, Baltasar

    2013-01-01

    The herbarium of University of M√°laga (MGC Herbarium) is formed by four biological collections. The vascular plants collection (MGC-Cormof) is the main collection of the herbarium. MGC-Cormof dataset aims to digitize and publish data associated with over 76.000 specimens deposited in the collection, of which 97.2% of the specimens are identified at species level. Since 2011, the University of Malaga's Central Research Service (SCAI) has been responsible for maintaining the herbariums and the dataset. The collection is growing continuously, with an annual intake of about 1.500 specimens. Nearly 96% of the collection is digitized, by Herbar v3.7.1 software (F. Pando et al. 1996-2011), making over 73.000 specimens accessible through the GBIF network (http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8105/). At present, 247 families and 8.110 taxa, distributed in angiosperms (93.97%), ferns and fern allies (4.89%) and gymnosperms (1.14%), constitute the MGC-Cormof collection. The families and genera best represented in the collection are Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Labiatae, Caryophyllaceae, Teucrium, Silene, Asplenium, Linaria and Quercus. Most of the specimens are from the Western Mediterranean Region, fundamentally Southern Spain (Andalusia: 82% of specimens) and Northern Morocco (2.17%). Approximately, 63% of the specimens are georeferenced. The identification of the specimens in the collection has been carried out by the plant biology department at the University of Malaga and plus 40% of the specimens has been reviewed by experts. The MGC-Cormof dataset has been revised by DarwinTest v3.2 tool (Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) before being published in GBIF. The data included in this database are important for conservation works, taxonomy, flora, cartography, phenology, palynology, among others. El Herbario de la Universidad de M√°laga (Herbario MGC) est√° constituido por cuatro colecciones biol√≥gicas. La colecci√≥n de plantas vasculares (MGC Cormof) es la colecci√≥n principal del herbario. La base de datos MGC-Cormof tiene como objetivo la digitalizaci√≥n y publicaci√≥n de los datos asociados con los m√°s de 76.000 ejemplares depositados en la colecci√≥n, de los cuales el 97,2% de las muestras se encuentran identificadas a nivel de especie. Desde 2011, los Servicios Centrales de Investigaci√≥n (SCAI) de la Universidad de M√°laga son responsables de mantener el herbario y sus respectivas bases de datos. Esta colecci√≥n est√° en continuo crecimiento, con una incorporaci√≥n anual de unos 1.500 ejemplares. Casi el 96% de la colecci√≥n est√° digitalizada, a trav√©s del programa Herbar v3.7.1 (F. Pando et al. 1996-2011) por lo que m√°s de 73.000 espec√≠menes son accesibles a trav√©s de la red de GBIF (http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8105/). Actualmente, la colecci√≥n MGC-Cormof est√° constituida por 247 familias y 8.110 taxones, distribuidos en angiospermas (93,97%), helechos y plantas afines (4,89%) y gimnospermas (1,14%). Las familias y g√©neros mejor representados en la colecci√≥n son Compositae, Leguminosae, Gramineae, Labiatae, Caryophyllaceae, Teucrium, Silene, Asplenium, Linaria y Quercus. La mayor√≠a de los espec√≠menes provienen de la regi√≥n del Mediterr√°neo Occidental, fundamentalmente del sur de Espa√Īa (Andaluc√≠a: 82% de las muestras) y del norte de Marruecos (2,17%). Aproximadamente, el 63% de las muestras se encuentran georreferenciadas. La identificaci√≥n de los ejemplares de la colecci√≥n ha sido realizada por personal del departamento de biolog√≠a vegetal de la Universidad de M√°laga y adem√°s un 40% de los ejemplares ha sido revisado por especialistas. La base de datos MGC-Cormof ha sido revisada mediante la herramienta DarwinTest v3.2 (Ortega-Maqueda and Pando 2008) antes de ser publicada en GBIF. Los datos incluidos en esta base de datos son importantes para trabajos de conservaci√≥n, taxonom√≠a, flora, cartograf√≠a, fenolog√≠a, palinolog√≠a, entre otros. PMID:24194668

  13. Quality management systems for fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) sterile insect technique

    SciTech Connect

    Caceres, C.; Robinson, A.; Shelly, T.; Hendrichs, J.

    2007-03-15

    The papers presented in this issue are focused on developing and validating procedures to improve the overall quality of sterile fruit flies for use in area-wide integrated pest management (AW-IPM) programs with a sterile insect technique (SIT) component. The group was coordinated and partially funded by the Joint FAO/IAEA Programme of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, under a five-year Coordinated Research Project (CRP) on 'Quality Assurance in Mass-Reared and Released Fruit Flies for Use in SIT Programmes'. Participants in the CRP from 16 countries came from both basic and applied fields of expertise to ensure that appropriate and relevant procedures were developed. A variety of studies was undertaken to develop protocols to assess strain compatibility and to improve colonization procedures and strain management. Specific studies addressed issues related to insect nutrition, irradiation protocols, field dispersal and survival, field cage behavior assessments, and enhancement of mating competitiveness. The main objective was to increase the efficiency of operational fruit fly programs using sterile insects and to reduce their cost. Many of the protocols developed or improved during the CRP will be incorporated into the international quality control manual for sterile tephritid fruit flies, standardizing key components of the production, sterilization, shipment, handling, and release of sterile insects. (author) [Spanish] Los articulos presentados en este numero se enfocan en el desarrollo y la validacion de procedimientos para mejorar la calidad total de moscas de las frutas esteriles para su uso en programas de manejo integrado de plagas en donde la tecnica del insecto esteril (TIE) es uno de los componentes clave. El grupo fue coordinado y parcialmente financiado por la Division Conjunta de Tecnicas Nucleares para la Alimentacion y la Agricultura de la FAO/OIEA, Viena, Austria, por un periodo de cinco anos bajo el proyecto de Investigacion Coordinada (PIC) sobre 'el Aseguramiento de la Calidad de Moscas de las Frutas Criadas y Liberadas para su Uso en Programas de TIE'. Los participantes en el PIC representan 16 paises con experiencia en campos de investigacion basica y aplicada. Para asegurar que los procedimientos desarrollados fueran apropiados y pertinentes, se realizaron una variedad de estudios para el desarrollo de protocolos para evaluar la compatibilidad y para mejorar los procedimientos de colonizacion y manejo de cepas salvajes. Estudios especificos trataron asuntos relacionados con la nutricion de insectos, los protocolos de irradiacion, la dispersion y supervivencia en el campo, evaluacion del comportamiento en jaulas de campo, y el mejoramiento de la competitividad sexual. Los objetivos fundamentales fueron el aumentar la eficiencia y reducir los costos de los programas operacionales de control de moscas de las frutas donde TIE es utilizada. Muchos de los protocolos desarrollados o mejorados durante el PIC seran incorporados en el Manual Internacional de Control de Calidad para Moscas Estriles de la familia Tephritidae, para estandarizar componentes claves como la produccion, esterilizacion, envio, manejo y liberacion de insectos esteriles. (author)

  14. Etapa final de la vida (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para pacientes

    Cancer.gov

    Sumario informativo revisado por expertos sobre el tratamiento y la atenci√≥n del paciente de c√°ncer desde los √ļltimos d√≠as hasta las √ļltimas horas de vida; esto incluye los s√≠ntomas comunes, los dilemas √©ticos que pueden surgir y la funci√≥n que desempe√Īa el onc√≥logo en proveer cuidados al paciente y su familia durante este per√≠odo.

  15. Etapa final de la vida (PDQ¬ģ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para profesionales de salud

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de informaci√≥n revisada por expertos sobre lo que debe ser el cuidado desde los √ļltimos d√≠as hasta las √ļltimas horas de vida, esto incluye los s√≠ntomas comunes, dilemas √©ticos que podr√≠an surgir, y la funci√≥n que desempe√Īa el onc√≥logo en proveer cuidados al paciente y su familia durante este tiempo.

  16. Etapa final de la vida (PDQ)‚ÄĒVersi√≥n para profesionales de salud

    Cancer.gov

    Resumen de informaci√≥n revisada por expertos sobre lo que debe ser el cuidado desde los √ļltimos d√≠as hasta las √ļltimas horas de vida, esto incluye los s√≠ntomas comunes, dilemas √©ticos que podr√≠an surgir, y la funci√≥n que desempe√Īa el onc√≥logo en proveer cuidados al paciente y su familia durante este tiempo.

  17. Healing war wounds and perfuming exile: the use of vegetal, animal, and mineral products for perfumes, cosmetics, and skin healing among Sahrawi refugees of Western Sahara

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Over the past decade, there has been growing interest within ethnobiology in the knowledge and practices of migrating people. Within this, scholars have given relatively less attention to displaced people and refugees: to the loss, maintenance, and adaptation of refugees‚Äô ethnobiological knowledge, and to its significance for refugees‚Äô wellbeing. This study focuses on cosmetics and remedies used to heal skin afflictions that are traditionally used by Sahrawi refugees displaced in South Western Algerian refugee camps. Methods The research methods included a structured survey carried out with 37 refugee households, semi-structured interviews with 77 refugees, 24 retrospective interviews with refugees and other knowledgeable informants, and a voucher specimen collection of the plants and products cited. Results We recorded the use of 55 plant species, nine animal species, and six mineral products used within the three main use categories discussed in this paper: 1) Remedies for health issues that are typical of the desert environment where the Sahrawi once lived as nomads and now live as refugees (e.g. eye afflictions); 2) Remedies for wounds that are influenced by the Sahrawi‚Äôs recent history of guerrilla warfare; and 3) Cosmetics and products used for body care, decoration and perfuming (e.g. hair care, teeth cleansing, henna use) and for aromatizing the air inside of tents and which are widely used in everyday life and social practices. Conclusions We discuss the changes that have occurred in the patterns of use and procurement of these products with exile and sedentarization in refugee camps, and conclude that refugees are not simply passive recipients of national and international aid, but rather struggle to maintain and recover their traditional ethnobiological practices in exile. Finally, we suggest further research into the ethnobiological practices and knowledge of displaced populations. Resumen Sanando las heridas de guerra y perfumando el exilio: el uso de productos vegetales, animales y minerales con fines de perfumer√≠a, cosm√©tica y curativos de la piel entre los refugiados saharauis del S√°hara Occidental. Antecedentes Durante la √ļltima d√©cada ha habido un creciente inter√©s en los estudios etnobiol√≥gicos de los conocimientos y pr√°cticas de las personas que migran. Dentro de esta tendencia, los estudiosos han prestado relativamente menor atenci√≥n a las personas desplazadas y a los refugiados: a la p√©rdida, el mantenimiento y la adaptaci√≥n de sus conocimientos etnobiol√≥gicos, y su importancia para el bienestar de los refugiados. Este estudio se centra en los cosm√©ticos y remedios para curar problemas de la piel tradicionalmente utilizados por los refugiados saharauis en los campamentos de desplazados al sudoeste de Argelia. M√©todos Los m√©todos de investigaci√≥n que se utilizaron son: una encuesta estructurada con 37 familias de refugiados, entrevistas semi-estructuradas con 77 refugiados, 24 entrevistas retrospectivas con refugiados e informantes conocedores, y una colecci√≥n de muestra de las plantas y productos citados. Resultados Se registr√≥ el uso de 55 especies vegetales, nueve especies animales, y seis productos minerales utilizados en tres principales categor√≠as de usos: 1) Recursos contra los problemas de salud caracter√≠sticos del entorno des√©rtico donde una vez vivieron los saharauis como n√≥madas y donde ahora viven como refugiados (por ejemplo problemas en los ojos); 2) Remedios para heridas que reflejan la historia reciente de guerra de guerrilla de los n√≥madas saharauis; y 3) Cosm√©ticos y productos utilizados para el cuidado del cuerpo, decoraci√≥n y perfumes (por ejemplo, atenci√≥n al cabello, limpieza de dientes, uso del henna) y como aromatizantes del aire al interior de las tiendas, que son ampliamente utilizados en la vida y las pr√°cticas sociales cotidianas de los refugiados. Conclusiones En la discusi√≥n, se analizan los cambios que se han producido en los patrones de uso y en la adquisici√≥n de estos productos durante el exilio. Llegamos a la conclusi√≥n de que los refugiados no son recipientes pasivos de la ayuda nacional e internacional, sino m√°s bien luchan para mantener y recuperar sus pr√°cticas tradicionales etnobiol√≥gicas en el exilio. Finalmente, sugerimos nuevas direcciones para la investigaci√≥n de las pr√°cticas y los conocimientos etnobiol√≥gicos de las poblaciones desplazadas. PMID:23270531

  18. ‚ÄėEverybody knows‚Äô, but the rest of the world: the case of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome in dromedary camels observed by Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The traditional knowledge of local communities throughout the world is a valuable source of novel ideas and information to science. In this study, the ethnoveterinary knowledge of Sahrawi pastoralists of Western Sahara has been used in order to put forward a scientific hypothesis regarding the competitive interactions between camels and caterpillars in the Sahara ecosystem. Methods Between 2005 and 2009, 44 semi-structured interviews were conducted with Sahrawi pastoralists in the territories administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Western Sahara, using a snow-ball sampling design. Results Sahrawi pastoralists reported the existence of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome, known locally as duda, affecting their camels. On the basis of Sahrawi knowledge about duda and of a thorough literature review, we built the hypothesis that: 1) caterpillars of the family Lasiocampidae (genera Lasiocampa, Psilogaster, or Streblote) have sudden and rare outbreaks on Acacia treetops in the Western Sahara ecosystem after heavy rainfall; 2) during these outbreaks, camels ingest the caterpillars while browsing; 3) as a consequence of this ingestion, pregnant camels have sudden abortions or give birth to weaklings. This hypothesis was supported by inductive reasoning built on circumstantiated evidence and analogical reasoning with similar syndromes reported in mares in the United States and Australia. Conclusions The possible existence of a caterpillar-borne reproductive loss syndrome among camels has been reported for the first time, suggesting that such syndromes might be more widespread than what is currently known. Further research is warranted to validate the reported hypothesis. Finally, the importance of studying folk livestock diseases is reinforced in light of its usefulness in revealing as yet unknown biological phenomena that would deserve further investigation. Resumen ‚ÄėTodos lo saben‚Äô, menos el resto del mundo: el caso de un s√≠ndrome de p√©rdida reproductiva en dromedarios transmitido por orugas y observado por pastores n√≥madas saharauis del S√°hara Occidental. Antecedentes Los conocimientos tradicionales de las comunidades locales de todo el mundo son una valiosa fuente de nuevas ideas e informaci√≥n para la ciencia. En este estudio, se utilizaron los conocimientos de etnoveterinaria de pastores saharauis del S√°hara Occidental con el fin de proponer una hip√≥tesis cient√≠fica sobre las interacciones competitivas entre los camellos y las orugas en el ecosistema del S√°hara. M√©todos Entre los a√Īos 2005 y 2009, se realizaron 44 entrevistas semi-estructuradas a los pastores saharauis en los territorios administrados por la Rep√ļblica √Ārabe Saharaui Democr√°tica, S√°hara Occidental, mediante un dise√Īo de muestreo por bola de nieve. Resultados Los pastores n√≥madas saharauis describieron un s√≠ndrome reproductivo transmitido por orugas, llamado duda, entre sus camellas. Sobre la base de los conocimientos saharauis sobre el duda y una revisi√≥n literaria exhaustiva, se propuso la siguiente hip√≥tesis: 1) brotes espor√°dico de orugas de la familia Lasiocampidae (g√©neros Lasiocampa, Psilogaster o Streblote) en √°rboles de Acacia se pueden presentar despu√©s de fuertes lluvias en el ecosistema del S√°hara Occidental; 2) durante estos brotes, los camellos ingieren las orugas durante el pastoreo; 3) como consecuencia de esta ingesti√≥n, se producen abortos repentinos o partos de cr√≠as debilitadas. Apoyamos esta hip√≥tesis mediante razonamiento inductivo basado en evidencia circunstancial y razonamiento anal√≥gico con s√≠ndromes similares en yeguas de los Estados Unidos y Australia. Conclusiones Este es el primer reporte de la posible existencia de un s√≠ndrome de p√©rdida reproductiva en camellos, transmitido por orugas. Se insin√ļa que estos s√≠ndromes son m√°s comunes que lo que actualmente se conoce. Se sugieren investigaciones adicionales para poner a prueba nuestra hip√≥tesis. Finalmente, se destaca la importancia de estudios de las enfermedades del ganado en pueblos de pastores n√≥madas porque pueden revelar fen√≥menos biol√≥gicos a√ļn desconocidos y merecen ser investigados. PMID:23305273

  19. An application of the Complier Average Causal Effect analysis to examine the effects of a family intervention in reducing illicit drug use among high-risk Hispanic adolescents.

    PubMed

    Huang, Shi; Cordova, David; Estrada, Yannine; Brincks, Ahnalee M; Asfour, Lila S; Prado, Guillermo

    2014-06-01

    The Complier Average Causal Effect (CACE) method has been increasingly used in prevention research to provide more accurate causal intervention effect estimates in the presence of noncompliance. The purpose of this study was to provide an applied demonstration of the CACE analytic approach to evaluate the relative effects of a family-based prevention intervention, Familias Unidas, in preventing/reducing illicit drug use for those participants who received the intended dosage. This study is a secondary data analysis of a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the relative efficacy of Familias Unidas with high-risk Hispanic youth. A total of 242 high-risk Hispanic youth aged 12-17 years and their primary caregivers were randomized to either Familias Unidas or Community Practice and assessed at baseline, 6 months and 12 months postbaseline. CACE models were estimated with a finite growth mixture model. Predictors of engagement were included in the CACE model. Findings indicate that, relative to the intent-to-treat (ITT) analytic approach, the CACE analytic approach yielded stronger intervention effects among both initially engaged and overall engaged participants. The CACE analytic approach may be particularly helpful for studies involving parent/family-centered interventions given that participants may not receive the intended dosage. Future studies should consider implementing the CACE analysis in addition to ITT analysis when examining the effects of family-based prevention programs to determine whether, and the extent to which, the CACE analysis has more power to uncover intervention effects. PMID:24611528

  20. La Realidad de la Adquisicion del Lenguaje Oral y Escrito en una Muestra de Escuelas del Sector sur de Santiago. [The Reality of the Acquisition of Oral and Written Language in a Sample of Schools in the Southern Part of Santiago.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oyarce, Carmen Diaz; Mujica, Elena Alvarez-Salamanca

    2001-01-01

    Investigated reading and writing skills of socioeconomically deprived first graders in Santiago, Chile. Found that the children had low achievement in reading and writing and at the end of the school year had not acquired sufficient linguistic competence to successfully master these skills. Also found a dissociation between observed practice and…

  1. Human Relations Activities for the Single Parent To Develop More Effective Parent/Child Relations. Bilingual Guide = Actividades sobre relaciones humanas para ayudar al padre-soltero o madre-soltera a desarrollar una relacion efectiva entre padre e hijo Guia bilingue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Susan

    Written in English and Spanish, this bilingual guide offers 10 activities which single parents can use to improve their relationships with their children. Objectives of activities include: (1) developing children's responsibility for work tasks in the home; (2) improving sibling relationships; (3) discussing emergencies with children; (4)Ö

  2. Experiencias interculturales y la pedagogia de la anglofonia en la ensenanza de ingles como lengua extranjera (EILE) desde una perspectiva deweyana. Working Paper (A Deweyan Perspective on Cross-Cultural Experiences and Anglophone Pedagogy in the Teaching of English as a Foreign Language. Working Paper).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoreda, Margaret Lee

    This paper discusses a framework for teaching English as a foreign language that incorporates significant cultural content and fosters critical encounters with Anglophone culture. It reviews relevant contemporary perspectives for understanding cross-cultural processes within the foreign language teaching environment with emphasis on the issue of…

  3. Una guia para los padres sobre lo mas importante: el logro academico plan de educacion de Maryland desde preescolar hasta el 12 grado, 2002-2003. (A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Spanish-language guide for parents outlines the goals and characteristics of…

  4. Hacer lo mejor de la educacion de su nino: Una Guia para padres. Preparado para el Proyecto para la Movilizacion de la Communidad Hispana para la Provencion de la Desercion Escolar. (Making the Most of Your Child's Education: A Guide to Parents. Prepared for the ASPIRA Hispanic Community Mobilization for Dropout Prevention Project).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pell, Elena; And Others

    This guide, in Spanish, offers practical advice to Latino parents on how to help their children succeed academically. Chapter 1, "About This Booklet," discusses the importance of parent involvement in a child's education and development and reviews the format of the five other chapters. Chapter 2, "What Is Parent Involvement, and Why Should I Get…

  5. How Do EFL Student Teachers Face the Challenge of Using L2 in Public School Classrooms? (¬ŅC√≥mo enfrentan los docentes practicantes de ingl√©s como lengua extranjera el reto de usar una segunda lengua en las aulas de clase de la escuela p√ļblica?)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vi√°fara, John Jairo

    2011-01-01

    As an EFL Student teachers' advisor, I had constantly perceived that they regarded using the target language with their pupils inside their classroom as a challenge. That is why I became interested in investigating how thirteen student teachers in Tunja public schools faced this issue. While participants were involved in a reflective teaching…

  6. Teacher Activities and Adolescent Students' Participation in a Colombian EFL Classroom (Actividades de ense√Īanza y participaci√≥n de estudiantes adolescentes en una clase de ense√Īanza de ingl√©s como lengua extranjera en Colombia)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caicedo, Jefferson

    2015-01-01

    The present study concerns the activities teachers develop and ninth-graders' participation in responses to those activities. The objectives of this study were to identify and describe the types of teaching activities developed and how students respond to them and to show how the target language is used in the classroom. The data collection was…

  7. The Design of a Rubric to Evaluate Laboratory Reports in Astronomy: Academic Literacy in the Disciplines (El dise√Īo de una r√ļbrica para evaluar informes de laboratorio en Astronom√≠a: la alfabetizaci√≥n acad√©mica en las disciplinas)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arancibia Aguilera, María Cristina

    2014-01-01

    A rubric was developed to evaluate laboratory reports written by undergraduate students of astronomy and astrophysics from Universidad Católica de Chile. The process of elaboration, peer validation, and application of the rubric to the evaluation of written tasks extended from August 2011 to August 2012. The instrument proved to be effective as an…

  8. Skype‚ĄĘ Conference Calls: A Way to Promote Speaking Skills in the Teaching and Learning of English (Llamadas para conferencia en Skype‚ĄĘ: una forma de promover la habilidad de habla en la ense√Īanza y aprendizaje del ingl√©s)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roma√Īa Correa, Yeferson

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the results of a research project on the teaching and learning of English through the use of Skype‚ĄĘ conference calls. The research was carried out with a group of 12 English as a foreign language adult learners in the language institute of Universidad Distrital Francisco Jos√© de Caldas, Bogot√°, Colombia. The findings of this‚Ķ

  9. An Exploration of EFL Teachers' Awareness of the Sources of Pedagogical Knowledge in a Teacher Education Program (Una exploración del nivel de conciencia de docentes de inglés como lengua extranjera respecto a las fuentes del conocimiento pedagógico en un programa de formación de docentes)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macías, Diego Fernando

    2013-01-01

    This project set out to investigate the extent to which the sources of English as a foreign language teachers' pedagogical knowledge are acknowledged and addressed in a teacher education program in a public university in Colombia. It involved the participation of teacher educators and novice teachers as well as the analysis of documents. This…

  10. Teaching English through Stories: A Meaningful and Fun Way for Children to Learn the Language (La ense√Īanza del ingl√©s a trav√©s de historias: una forma divertida y significativa para que los ni√Īos aprendan el idioma)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porras González, Nohora Inés

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on utilizing stories for teaching English as a foreign language to children in first, second and third grades. It was carried out in a Colombian public elementary school in Bucaramanga, Colombia. The proposal was initiated by a group of student-teachers at Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Seccional…

  11. Human Relations Activities for the Single Parent To Develop More Effective Parent/Child Relations. Bilingual Guide = Actividades sobre relaciones humanas para ayudar al padre-soltero o madre-soltera a desarrollar una relacion efectiva entre padre e hijo Guia bilingue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Susan

    Written in English and Spanish, this bilingual guide offers 10 activities which single parents can use to improve their relationships with their children. Objectives of activities include: (1) developing children's responsibility for work tasks in the home; (2) improving sibling relationships; (3) discussing emergencies with children; (4)…

  12. Self-Programmed Counseling and Self-Programmed Control Manual. A Guide to Self-Image Development with Emphasis on the Chicano Student. Student's Guide = Manual de Sistema de Consejo Auto Programado y Control Auto Programado. Una Guia Para el Desarrollo de La Imagen Propia Con un Enfasis en el Estudiante Chicano.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mireles, S. Raymond

    Self-Programmed Counseling, the instructor's guidance, and Self-Programmed Control (SPC), the student's response, was initially developed by Title III Project USTED (United Students and Teachers for Educational Development) for Mexican American college students on academic probation to use on a non-credit, special group counseling basis. As part…

  13. Comparing Teaching Styles and Personality Types of EFL Instructors in the Public and Private Sectors (Una comparaci√≥n de los estilos de ense√Īanza y los tipos de personalidad de profesores de ingl√©s de los sistemas educativos estatal y privado)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz Larenas, Claudio H.; Rodriguez Moran, Andrea Victoria; Poblete Rivera, Karen Jocelyn

    2011-01-01

    This is an exploratory non-experimental research study whose main objective is to compare the teaching styles of a group of thirty teachers of English working in either public or private secondary education in Chile. In order to collect the required data, two instruments were administered to the participants: a teaching style inventory and a…

  14. La Segmentazione Grafica della Scrittura di una Storia Conosciuta. Uno Studio Descrittivo su 450 Testi di Bambini dai 6 agli 8 Anni (Graphic Segmentation of the Writing of a Familiar Story. A Descriptive Study of 450 Texts of Children from 6 to 8 Years Old).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pontecorvo, Clotilde; Di Eduardo, Roberta

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze how children in the early grades of elementary school divide words while writing. The subjects were 450 Italian children belonging either to upper-middle-class or lower-middle-class families who were asked to write the familiar story of "Little Red Riding Hood." (CFM)

  15. Minority Languages of the Russian Federation: Perspectives for a Ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages. Mercator Working Papers = Las lenguas minoritarias de la Federacion Rusa Perspectivas para una ratificacion de la Carta Europea de las Lenguas Regionales y Minoritarias. Mercator Documentos de trabajo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vieytez, Eduardo J. Ruiz

    This paper describes the linguistic plurality of the Russian Federation, assessing the impact that the hypothetical ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages could have on it. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Part 1--The Linguistic Plurality of the Russian Federation": the linguisticÖ

  16. Minority Languages of the Russian Federation: Perspectives for a Ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages. Mercator Working Papers = Las lenguas minoritarias de la Federacion Rusa Perspectivas para una ratificacion de la Carta Europea de las Lenguas Regionales y Minoritarias. Mercator Documentos de trabajo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vieytez, Eduardo J. Ruiz

    This paper describes the linguistic plurality of the Russian Federation, assessing the impact that the hypothetical ratification of the European Charter of Regional and Minority Languages could have on it. Four sections focus on the following: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Part 1--The Linguistic Plurality of the Russian Federation": the linguistic…

  17. Autobiographies: A Way to Explore Student-Teachers' Beliefs in a Teacher Education Program (Autobiografías: una forma de explorar las creencias de docentes en formación en un programa de Licenciatura en Inglés)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durán Narváez, Norma Constanza; Lastra Ramírez, Sandra Patricia; Morales Vasco, Adriana María

    2013-01-01

    Autobiographies depict with words life stories, personal experiences, and perceptions that allow researchers to deeply understand the way people see life, reflect, and construct meaning out of experiences. This article aims at describing the contributions of autobiographies as valuable resources in qualitative research when exploring people's…

  18. A Reappraising of Cosmography: the Interface Between Astronomical and Geographic Studies. (Breton Title: Releitura do Conceito de Cosmografia: a Interface Entre os Estudos Astron√īmicos e Geogr√°ficos.) Una Relectura del Concepto de Cosmograf√≠a: la Interfase Entre los Estudios Astron√≥micos y Geogr√°ficos

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azevedo Sobreira, Paulo Henrique

    2012-12-01

    The concept of "Cosmography" is in disuse since the 80s of the last century, but the astronomical themes previously discussed in the school subjects of Geography and Cosmography remain in current textbooks. The use of term "Cosmography" was rescued in this research, and the study of its re-signification prompted the appearance of the term Geographic Cosmography. The Geographic Cosmography is a field of studies of the Geography, whose set of knowledge and skills is predominantly scholar. It studies the interface between terrestrial and celestial knowledge, and assigns a geographic significance to them. It examines human and natural relationships with Sidereal Space and its consequences for society and nature. O conceito de "Cosmografia" est√° em desuso desde os anos 80 do s√©culo XX, mas os temas astron√īmicos anteriormente abordados nas disciplinas escolares de Cosmografia e de Geografia permanecem nos atuais livros did√°ticos. O uso do termo "Cosmografia" foi resgatado nesta pesquisa e o estudo de sua ressignifica√ß√£o proporcionou o surgimento do termo Cosmografia Geogr√°fica. A Cosmografia Geogr√°fica √© um campo de estudos da Geografia, cujo conjunto de conhecimentos e habilidades √© predominantemente escolar. Estuda a interface entre os conhecimentos terrestres e os celestes e lhes atribui signific√Ęncia geogr√°fica. Analisa as rela√ß√Ķes humanas e naturais com o Espa√ßo Sideral e suas consequ√™ncias para a sociedade e a natureza.

    Aunque el concepto de "Cosmograf√≠a" no se usa desde la d√©cada de los '80 del siglo pasado, los temas astron√≥micos que se ense√Īaban anteriormente en las asignaturas escolares de Cosmograf√≠a y de Geograf√≠a permanecen en los actuales libros did√°cticos. El uso del t√©rmino "Cosmograf√≠a" fue rescatado en esta investigaci√≥n y el estudio de su resignificaci√≥n proporcion√≥ el surgimiento del t√©rmino Cosmograf√≠a Geogr√°fica. La Cosmograf√≠a Geogr√°fica es un campo de estudio de la Geograf√≠a, donde el conjunto de conocimientos y habilidades es predominantemente escolar. Estudia la interfase entre los conocimientos terrestres y los celestes, d√°ndoles un significado geogr√°fico. Analiza las relaciones humanas y naturales con el Espacio Sideral y sus consecuencias para la sociedad y la naturaleza.

  19. Self-Programmed Counseling and Self-Programmed Control Manual. A Guide to Self-Image Development with Emphasis on the Chicano Student. Student's Guide = Manual de Sistema de Consejo Auto Programado y Control Auto Programado. Una Guia Para el Desarrollo de La Imagen Propia Con un Enfasis en el Estudiante Chicano.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mireles, S. Raymond

    Self-Programmed Counseling, the instructor's guidance, and Self-Programmed Control (SPC), the student's response, was initially developed by Title III Project USTED (United Students and Teachers for Educational Development) for Mexican American college students on academic probation to use on a non-credit, special group counseling basis. As partÖ

  20. La Roya naranja de la ca√Īa de az√ļcar, una enfermedad emergente: su impacto y comparaci√≥n con la roya marr√≥n English Translation: Orange rust of sugarcane, an emerging disease: its impact and comparison to brown rust.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Sugarcane orange rust, caused by Puccinia kuehnii, was first detected in Florida in 2007, the first for Western Hemisphere. Subsequently, it has spread to the majority of sugarcane producing countries in the hemisphere. Orange rust is distinguished from brown rust its pustule size which is slightl...

  1. Narrative Research into the Possibilities of Classroom-Generated Stories in English Teacher Education (Una investigación narrativa en torno a las posibilidades de los relatos realizados en clase en la formación del profesorado de inglés)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarasa, María Cristina

    2015-01-01

    This paper summarizes a narrative inquiry carried out with forty volunteer undergraduate participants attending the course Overall Communication, in the English Teacher Education Program in the School of Humanities of the "Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata," Argentina. It addresses their family/academic identities and personal…

  2. Educacion Bilingue: Una Declaracion del Plan y Accion que Proponen los Regentes de la Universidad del Estado de Nueva York (Bilingual Education: A Statement of Policy and Proposed Action by the Regents of the University of the State of New York.)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    The primary goal of the Regents in their bilingual education program is to provide equal educational opportunity for non-English-speaking children through activities capitalizing on their proficiency in their native language and developing competency in English. Two complementary goals are inherent: (1) a vitally needed national resource, the…

  3. Educacion Bilingue: Una Declaraccion del Plan y Accion que Proponen los Regentes de la Universidad del Estado de Nueva York. Bilingual Education: A Statement of Policy and Proposed Action by the Regents of the University of the State of New York. Position Paper No. 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    Large numbers of Puerto Rican and other non-English-speaking students live in school districts throughout New York State. To enable these students to function in an English-speaking society while retaining their own culture, a policy to promote bilingual program planning was established by the Board of Regents of New York State in 1972. In this…

  4. Indigenous Students' Attitudes towards Learning English through a Virtual Program: A Study in a Colombian Public University (Actitudes de estudiantes ind√≠genas frente al aprendizaje de ingl√©s a trav√©s de un programa virtual: un estudio en una universidad p√ļblica colombiana)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuasialpud Canchala, Ruth Elena

    2010-01-01

    This article reports an exploratory study carried out at a public university in Bogotá, Colombia, with two indigenous students who took a level I virtual English-course during the second term of 2008 and the first term of 2009. The aim was to analyse their attitudes towards the learning of English through the virtual modality. Interviews,…

  5. EFL Teenagers' Social Identity Representation in a Virtual Learning Community on Facebook (Representación de la identidad social de los estudiantes adolescentes de inglés como lengua extranjera en una comunidad de aprendizaje virtual en Facebook)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jiménez Guamán, Laura Verónica

    2012-01-01

    In this article I report the findings of a descriptive and interpretative qualitative study carried out in a public school in Bogotá, Colombia. The study aimed at analyzing, describing and exploring teenage students' social identity representation as observed in their participation in a learning community on Facebook. Data were collected from…

  6. Oxygen uptake of overweight and obese children at different stages of a progressive treadmill test: Consumo de ox√≠geno de ni√Īos y ni√Īas con sobrepeso y obesos en los diferentes estadios de una prueba progresiva en un tapiz rodante.

    PubMed

    Meléndez-Ortega, Agustín; Lucy Davis, Catherine; Barbeau, Paule; Boyle, Colleen Ann

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic risks but it is difficult to assess in obese children. The objective of this study was to develop an equation to estimate VO2 (mL/kg/min) and to check the % of tests that were maximal according to recommended criteria. METHODS: Stress tests were analyzed of 222 subjects (94 male and 128 female with a BMI above the 85 percentile for age and sex), and repeated 4 months later. Mean age was 9.4 ¬Ī 1.1 years and weighed 52.4 ¬Ī 13.3 kg. Body fat % (40.5 + 6.2) was determined by DXA (Hologic QDR 4500W). The protocol on the treadmill started with a warm up at 2.5 and 3 mph with a slope of 0% and 2%. The speed was kept at 3 mph for all the stages and the slope was increased 2% every 2 minutes. Statistical analysis (descriptive, t-test and ANOVAS 2√ó2√ó2) was done with SPSS 15.0. RESULTS: Only 35% of the tests were maximal. The equation calculates was Y = 2.6x + 22.3 (x = protocol stage). Data pre and post treatment were not statistically different DISCUSSION: Increments in VO2 were consistent despite subject diversity (sex, % body fat, physical fitness, treatment). CONCLUSION: To be able to estimate VO2 at the different stages of the test without complex equipment or specialized staff, will facilitate the performance of stress tests on a daily basis. PMID:21218170

  7. Desorden Deficitario de la Atencion. Segunda Edicion. NICHCY Briefing Paper [and] El Desorden Deficitario de la Atencion: Una Bibliografia de Materiales en Ingles y Espanol (Attention Deficit Disorder. Second Edition. NICHCY Briefing Paper [and] Attention Deficit Disorder: A Bibliography of Materials in English and Spanish).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, Mary

    This briefing paper uses a question-and-answer format to provide basic information about children with attention deficit disorder (ADD). Questions address the following concerns: nature and incidence of ADD; causes of ADD; signs of ADD (impulsivity, hyperactivity, disorganization, social skill deficits); the diagnostic ADD assessment; how to…

  8. A review of Chilean chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae), with the description of a new genus and ten new species.

    PubMed

    Stekolnikov, Alexandr A; Gonz√°lez-Acu√Īa, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    A new genus and species of chigger mites, Diaguitacarus choapensis gen. et sp. nov., is described from four lizard species of the genus Liolaemus in Choapa Province of Chile. Eight new chigger species are described from lizards of the genera Liolaemus, Phymaturus (Squamata: Liolaemidae), and Microlophus (Squamata: Tropiduridae), in Arica and Parinacota, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, and Biobío Regions: Eutrombicula nerudai sp. nov., Eutrombicula mistrali sp. nov., Eutrombicula picunche sp. nov., Microtrombicula mapuche sp. nov., Parasecia molini sp. nov., Paratrombicula philippii sp. nov., Morelacarus jorgei sp. nov., and Morelacarus camanchaca sp. nov. A new species Proschoengastia antarctica sp. nov., which is described from American mink Neovison vison on Navarino Island (Region of Magallanes and Antártica Chilena), is the most southerly chigger species, found at the distance of about 1000 km from the continent of Antarctica. Whartonacarus chaetosus (Brennan and Jones, 1961) comb. nov., which was described from Peru, is for the first time recorded in Chile (Atacama Region) and on Microlophus atacamensis. A new combination Proschoengastia macrochaeta (Brennan and Jones, 1961) comb. nov. is established. The genus Morelacarus Vercammen-Grandjean, 1973 previously known from Mexico and southwestern USA is for the first time recorded in Chile. A review of all previously described Chilean chiggers and a key to Eutrombicula species from Chile are provided. In all, 22 species from 13 genera were recorded in Chile, of which only one species (Whartonacarus chaetosus) is known outside the country. PMID:26249418

  9. Dense Transient Plasmas Driven by a Mega-Ampere Device in the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soto, Leopoldo; Kies, Walter; Sylvester, Gustavo; Ziethen, G√ľnter; Zambra, Marcelo; Moreno, Jos√©; Silva, Patricio; Birstein, Lipo; Mu√Īoz, Richard M.; Saavedra, Renato

    2002-12-01

    Recently, the pulse power generator SPEED 2, a medium energy and large current device (187kJ, 4MA, 300kV, 400ns, dI/dt ňú 1013 A/s), has been transfered from the D√ľsseldorf University to the Plasma Physics Group of the Comisi√≥n Chilena de Energia Nuclear (CCHEN). The SPEED 2 arrived at CCHEN in May 2001 and was in operation in January 2002, being the most powerful device for dense transient plasma in the Southern Hemisphere. Experiments in different Z-pinch configurations using the SPEED 2 generator will be carried out at CCHEN in the future. Possible objectives using the SPEED 2 devices are discussed in this work: a) Neutron flux characteristics from plasma focus discharges operating in D2 (with temporal and spatial resolution) correlated to discharge parameters, plasma dynamics and instabilities. Particular investigation of the effect of insulator surface preparation and conditioning on pinch behavior and neutron yield, b) High brightness and soft X- ray radiation from transient electrical discharges, especially in wire arrays, and c) Magnetic confinement in a quasistatic z-pinch at mega ampere peak current. Plasma dynamics and stability in an original quasi-static z-pinch configuration (a gas embedded compressional Z-pinch) and in a combination scheme that use gas puff and plasma focus will be studied at high current using the SPEED 2 generator. Results about SPEED 2 performance, obtained in Chile, are presented.

  10. "One of the Most Uniform Races of the Entire World": Creole Eugenics and the Myth of Chilean Racial Homogeneity.

    PubMed

    Walsh, Sarah

    2015-11-01

    This article illuminates why Nicol√°s Palacios's 1904 monograph, Raza chilena: Libro escrito por un Chileno i para los Chilenos [Chilean Race: A Book Written by a Chilean for Chileans], is central to the creation of a myth of Chilean racial homogeneity at the turn of the twentieth century. Placing Palacios in the context of Latin American eugenic discourse, it demonstrates how he selected a specific racial origin story in order to accommodate his belief in racial hierarchy while also depicting race mixing in a positive light. Specifically, the article highlights how the myth of Chilean racial homogeneity elided the difference between the term "mestizo," which was applied to people of mixed racial heritage, and "white." I contend that Palacios sought to differentiate Chileans from other Latin Americans by emphasizing their racial distinctiveness. The article therefore highlights that Latin American eugenics was concerned with the creation of national narratives that historicized particular racial mixtures in order to reify and affirm national differences. As such, it connects to literature regarding the history of eugenics, race, nation, and the creation of whiteness. PMID:25733067

  11. Trajes espaciales - Duration: 32 seconds.

    NASA Video Gallery

    Un traje espacial es mucho m√°s que un conjunto de prendas que los astronautas usan en los paseos espaciales. En realidad, un traje espacial totalmente equipado es una nave para una persona, formada...

  12. Effects of a Family Intervention in Reducing HIV Risk Behaviors Among High-Risk Hispanic Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Prado, Guillermo; Pantin, Hilda; Huang, Shi; Cordova, David; Tapia, Maria I.; Velazquez, Maria-Rosa; Calfee, Meghan; Malcolm, Shandey; Arzon, Margaret; Villamar, Juan; Jimenez, Giselle Leon; Cano, Nicole; Brown, C. Hendricks; Estrada, Yannine

    2013-01-01

    Objective To determine the efficacy of a family intervention in reducing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors among Hispanic delinquent adolescents. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Miami‚ÄďDade County Public School System and Miami‚ÄďDade County‚Äôs Department of Juvenile Services, Florida. Participants A total of 242 Hispanic delinquent youth aged 12 to 17 years and their primary caregivers completed outcome assessments at baseline and 3 months after intervention. Intervention Participants were randomized to either Familias Unidas (120 participants), a Hispanic-specific, family intervention designed to reduce HIV risk behaviors among Hispanic youth, or a community practice control condition (122 participants). Main Outcome Measures Self-reported measures included unprotected sexual behavior, engaging in sex while under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs, number of sexual partners, and incidence of sexually transmitted diseases. Family functioning (eg, parent-adolescent communication, positive parenting, and parental monitoring) was also assessed via self-report measures. Results Compared with community practice, Familias Unidas was efficacious in increasing condom use during vaginal and anal sex during the past 90 days, reducing the number of days adolescents were under the influence of drugs or alcohol and had sex without a condom, reducing sexual partners, and preventing unprotected anal sex at the last sexual intercourse. Familias Unidas was also efficacious, relative to community practice, in increasing family functioning and most notably in increasing parent-adolescent communication and positive parenting. Conclusion These results suggest that culturally tailored, family-centered prevention interventions may be appropriate and efficacious in reducing HIV risk behaviors among Hispanic delinquent adolescents. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01257022 PMID:21969363

  13. FotometrŪa de imŠgenes CCD insuficientemente muestreadas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ostrov, P. G.

    Se enfrenta el problema de la fotometrŪa de imŠgenes CCD con una escala inadecuada (fwhm menor o igual que el tamaŮo de un pixel) y psf fuertemente variable con la posiciůn. Se analiza, en particular, la aplicabilidad de una tŠctica propuesta por Massey, consistente en eliminar las vecinas dťbiles (utilizando una psf rudimentaria) para luego efectuar una fotometrŪa de apertura sobre las estrellas brillantes. Se determina, mediante experimentos numťricos, la precisiůn alcanzada mediante esta tťcnica.

  14. One baby in six a foreigner.

    PubMed

    1975-04-01

    Foreign workers are a growing phenomenom in the Federal Republic of Germany. Every 6th baby born in the country is of foreign extract, and considering the adverse circumstances of many foreigners in the country, the timing of the baby's birth is probably unplanned. PRO Familia is a family planning organization concerned with the plight of foreigners in the country. Although the organization's activities in this field have been limited to foreign language pulbications (concerning contraceptive methods) and radio broadcasting, it is making concerted efforts to include foreigners in their family planning services. PMID:12178327

  15. Engaging Community With Promotores de Salud to Support Infant Nutrition and Breastfeeding Among Latinas Residing in Los Angeles County: Salud con Hyland's.

    PubMed

    Rios-Ellis, Britt; Nguyen-Rodriguez, Selena T; Espinoza, Lilia; Galvez, Gino; Garcia-Vega, Melawhy

    2015-01-01

    The Salud con Hyland's Project: Comienzo Saludable, Familia Sana [Health With Hyland's Project: Healthy Start, Healthy Family],was developed to provide education and support to Latina mothers regarding healthy infant feeding practices and maternal health. The promotora-delivered intervention was comprised of two charlas (educational sessions) and a supplemental, culturally and linguistically relevant infant feeding and care rolling calendar. Results indicate that the intervention increased intention to breastfeed exclusively, as well as to delay infant initiation of solids by 5 to 6 months. Qualitative feedback identified barriers to maternal and child health education as well as highlighted several benefits of the intervention. PMID:24625100

  16. Phytoreovirus-like sequences isolated from salivary glands of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homolodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)

    SciTech Connect

    Katsar, C.S.; Hunter, W.B. . E-mail: Whunter@ushrl.ars.usda.gov; Sinisterra, X.H.

    2007-03-15

    The salivary glands of the Glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis Germar 1821, (syn. H. coagulata, Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) were collected and used to produce a cDNA library. Examination by BLASTX analyses identified 2 viral sequences, one a 610-base pair fragment and a second 839-base pair fragment, both of which had significant homology to viruses within the genus Phytoreovirus. Resequencing of the fragments confirmed sequence validities. These sequences were used for in silico protein translation and BLASTP analysis confirming the established homology. While the GWSS is the primary vector of Pierce's disease of grapes, this is the first report that GWSS may be a vector of a phytoreoviruses. Phylogenetic and homology comparisons with BLASTX, BLASTP, and PAUP analyses indicated that the viral sequences isolated from GWSS were closely related to the viruses in the Family Reoviridae, Genus Phytoreovirus, specifically Rice Dwarf Phytoreovirus (RDV). RDV is the only plant reovirus that is not limited to the phloem. Phytoreoviruses are transmitted in a propagative manner by cicadellid leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), which acquire and transmit them during feeding. Phytoreoviruses have been reported from Agallian, Agalliopsis, Nephotettix, and Recilia, genera of leafhoppers, with evidence for transovarial transmission. The GWSS, although considered to feed primarily from the xylem, ingests from other plant tissues, such as the phloem and mesophyll during probing similar to other leafhoppers. The feeding behavior and wide host range of the GWSS provides an overlapping condition for these two organisms, leafhopper and virus. GWSS will feed from grasses as a transitory host, and on herbaceous and woody plants as primary hosts, which may favor the acquisition and transmission of Phytoreovirus by this leafhopper. Monitoring for an increase of Phytoreovirus spread in graminaceous crops that are in proximity to vineyards or tree crop orchards, where GWSS occurs, such as in southern California, will provide a better understanding of the potential role of the GWSS as a disease vector in the spread of phytoreoviruses and other plant pathogens. The sequences have been deposited in NCBI database under the accession numbers (EF058280) for GWSS-V1, WHSg013C11 and (EF058281) for GWSS-V2, WHSg024H02. (author) [Spanish] Dos fragmentos de 610 y 839 pares de bases fueron aislados apartir de una genoteca de expresion derivada de las glandulas salivales del cucarron de las alas cristalinas (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, Germar 1821 (syn. H. coagulata) el cual es vector de la enfermedad de Pierce de las uvas. Los resultados de alineamiento utilizando BLASTX, BLASTP y el analisis filogenetico utilizando PAUP indicaron que los fragmentos de DNA estaban relacionado de manera mas cercana a viruses en la familia Reoviridae, genero Phytoreovirus, y especificamente a los virus del enanismo del arroz (RDV) y al virus del tumor de las grietas (WTV). El cucarron de las alas cristalinas es un saltahoja que se alimenta no solo del xilema sino tambien del floema y del mesofilo. Saltahojas del genero Agallian, son los principales vectores de WTV, el cual infecta el floema de plantas dicotiledoneas tumoraciones en las hojas y en las raices. WTV es transmitido por saltahojas y es el unico reovirus que es capaz de infectar tanto tejidos del xilema como del floema. El comportamiento alimentario del GWSS y su amplio rango de hospederos que incluye pastos y plantas herbaceas y lenosas podria proveer la interaccion entre estos dos organismos facilitando la adquisicion y tranmision de fitoreovirus por el GWSS. Un adecuado monitoreo de el incremento en la expansion de reoviruses en cultivos de gramineas asociados al los vinedos en donde GWSS ocurre en regiones tales como el sur de California, y en general el sur de los Estados Unidos, podria proveer un mejor entendimiento del papel del GWSS como vector de fitoreovirus y otros patogenos de plantas. Las sequencias se depositaron en la base de datos NCBI con los siguientes numeros de identificacion: (EF058280) para GWSS-V1, WHSg013C11 y (EF058281) para GWSSV2, WHSg024H02. (author)

  17. [Intersectoral, convergent and sustainable actions: the challenges of the "Bolsa Família" program in Manguinhos shantytown in Rio de Janeiro].

    PubMed

    Magalh√£es, Rosana; Coelho, Angela Virginia; Nogueira, Milena Ferreira; Bocca, Cl√°udia

    2011-11-01

    Some studies have revealed the impact of the family welfare allowance based on the fulfillment of certain conditions on improving living conditions and access to health and education services in different countries. However, gaps persist relating to the evaluation of the benefits of such programs among the groups that have greater difficulty in gaining access to public services or advances in the quality of education and school performance. Moreover, there is limited evidence of adequacy of the program to the respective contexts of implementation, levels of adhesion and local cooperation and strategies adopted for integration with other social policy programs. The scope of this article is to discuss the findings of the study of the implementation of the "Bolsa Familia" in the Manguinhos shantytown area in Rio de Janeiro conducted in 2007 and 2008 based on semi-structured interviews with program officials and local stakeholders. In conclusion, the study shows that the sustainability of "Bolsa Familia" actions to reduce poverty and promote health equity calls for strengthening the vertical and horizontal communication channels between government levels, public managers and civil associations, recognition of the complexity of the local social demands and an intersectoral agenda. PMID:22124825

  18. D√©couverte d'une m√©gafaune holoc√®ne √† la Toca do Serrote do Artur (aire arch√©ologique de S√£o Raimundo Nonato, Piau√ģ, Br√©sil). A gruta do Serrote do Artur (√°rea arqueol√≥gica de S√£o Raimundo Nonato, Pia√ļi, Brasil): data√ßoes holoc√™nicas para megaf√°una de mam√≠feros

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Faure, Martine; Guérin, Claude; Parenti, Fabio

    1999-09-01

    The cave of Toca do Serrote do Artur (S√£o Raimundo Nonato Archaeological Area, southeastern Piau√≠, Brazil) has yielded a Mammalian community constituted of Dasypus septemcinctus, Propraopus cf. sulcatus, Hoplophorus euphractus, Glyptodon clavipes, Conepatus sp., Panthera onca, Equus neogaeus, Dicotyles tajacu, Tayassu pecari, Palaeolama major, Mazama guazoubira, Mazama americana and a large Cervid. In comparison with the Mammalian fauna of the other sites from the same area, such a list shows a comparatively reduced biodiversity together with the presence of rare ( Hoplophorus, Conepatus) or unknown ( Propraopus, Palaeolama major) taxa. Explanation lies in the more recent age of the fossiliferous layers, probably Lower Holocene, as demonstrated by two 14C dating of 8 490 ¬Ī 120 BP and 6 890 ¬Ī 60 BP of the highest one. Moreover, that fauna shows the late survival of some genera ( Propraopus, Hoplophorus, Glyptodon, Equus, Palaeolama) together with climatic modifications related to the Pleistocene-Holocene transition.

  19. Creativity and Democratic Governance. Adult Learning: A Strategic Choice. Proceedings of the ICAE World Assembly (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, August 9-12, 2001) = Creativite et Gouvernance Democratique. L'apprentissage des Adultes: Un Choix Strategique. Actes de la Assemblee Mondiale du CIEA (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaique, 9 au 12 aout 2001) = Creatividad y Gobernabilidad Democratica. Educacion de Adultos: Una Eleccion Estrategica. Actas de la Asamblea Mundial del ICAE (6th, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, Agosto 9-12, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobson, Stephan, Ed.

    This document contains information from and about a world assembly on creativity and democratic governance in adult learning that was held by the International Council for Adult Education (ICAE) and its partner organizations in the Caribbean. The proceedings begin with English, French, and Spanish translations of the address…

  20. Derechos Educacionales de los Padres: Una Explicacion de los Procedimientos de Seguridad para los Padres de Ninos con Discapacidades. Bajo la Clausula del Acta de Educacion para Individuos con Discapacidades (IDEA) y las Reglas para la Administracion del Acta de Educacion para Ninos Excepcionales (Educational Rights of Parents: An Explanation of Procedural Safeguards Available to Parents of Children with Disabilities. Under Provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and the Rules for the Administration of the Exceptional Children's Educational Act [ECEA]).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mountain Plains Regional Resource Center, Des Moines, IA.

    This pamphlet, in Spanish, describes Colorado parents' educational rights under federal and state special education rules and regulations. It addresses: (1) free appropriate public education and termination of services; (2) required prior notice to parents if there is a proposed change or refusal to change a child's special education program; (3)…