Sample records for una localidad rural

  1. Políticas de Assentamento e Localidade. Os desáfios da reconstituicăo do trabalho rural no Brasil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. A. Cabello Norder

    2004-01-01

    The consolidation of the democratic institutions in<\\/span>Brazil<\\/span><\\/st1:place><\\/st1:country-region>in the last twenty years has been followed by the empowerment of the popular organisations that started to demand the implementation <\\/strong> of projects of land reform and rural settlements by means of the installation of camps [ acampamentos ] in the vicinity of the areas in dispute. The

  2. Creación y desarrollo de agroredes como estrategia de desarrollo rural en áreas periurbanas, el caso de la localidad de Sumapaz \\/ Bogotá-Colombia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria del Pilar Leal Londońo

    2008-01-01

    Bogotá una ciudad cuyo suelo rural corresponde a 78.00 hectáreas que representan poco mas del 75 por ciento de todo el territorio, pero en donde el 25 por ciento restante que corresponde a suelo urbano alberga una alta densidad habitacional, consecuencia de la concentración de las actividades económicas que se contraponen a la ausencia de oportunidades relacionadas con la actividad

  3. Rural America

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture has recently made a rural development publication available (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only). Rural Development Perspectives, issued three times annually, "track... economic and social trends in rural America," and present "nontechnical articles on the results of new rural research,." Selected archives of the publication is available, and articles can be downloaded individually.

  4. Las Hidroeléctricas deben contribuir para un desarrollo territorial sostenible! Una revisión de perspectivas, contradicciones y opciones urgentes para territorios rurales en Guatemala

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dagny Skarwan

    2011-01-01

    Las hidroeléctricas se convierten en una potencial alternativa energética frente a los combustibles fósiles. Abundan las contradicciones en distintos planos que se generan a partir de un sistema excluyente y visiones centralistas del sector energético en Guatemala. Enfocarlas será una precondición para proponer cambios a favor del desarrollo de los territorios donde se generan los recursos hídricos del país, pero

  5. Anemia y deficiencia de hierro en nińos menores de cuatro ańos de una localidad en Valencia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liseti Solano; María Adela Barón; Armando Sánchez Jaeger; María Páez

    Abstract Abstract Abstract Abstract. Iron deficiency with or without anaemia is one of the most frequent nutritional deficiencies in Venezuela, especially in socioeconomic deprived population. Due to the higher risk for children below four years of age for this deficiency, assessment of prevalences was determined by a descriptive and cross sectional study on 543 chil- dren from 6 to 48

  6. Rural Life and the Rural School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Joseph

    Published in 1915, this book addresses issues and problems of rural life and rural schooling during the early 1900s. Chapters cover: (1) a description of rural life and the role of rural schooling; (2) the rural-to-urban migration trend and resulting effects on rural schools; (3) the real and the ideal rural school; (4) industrial progress and…

  7. Rural Sociology 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    L - 5 4 8 4 03-07 ?Th e TWDB Rural Water Assistance Fund (RWAF) helps small, rural water utilities obtain low-cost fi nancing for water-related projects.? Resources for Small Water Systems in Texas T Gene Theodori, Associate Professor... because they are adjacent to the Texas-Mexico border, others because they have high unemployment rates and lower than average per capita incomes. The TWDB Rural Water Assistance Fund (RWAF) helps small, rural water utilities obtain low-cost fi nancing...

  8. Rural Agrobusiness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treillon, Roland; And Others

    1992-01-01

    This publication describes the formation and evolution of rural agribusiness (RA) in the southern hemisphere as a precondition for improving the lives of families in rural communities, and focuses on RA endeavors created by development projects in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. After a short introduction, the first section of this study…

  9. Rural Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goetz, Kathy, Ed.

    1992-01-01

    This "special focus" journal issue consists of 13 individual articles on the theme of rural family programs relating to school, health services, church, and other institutions. It includes: (1) "Towards a Rural Family Policy" (Judith K. Chynoweth and Michael D. Campbell); (2) "Montana: Council for Families Collaborates for Prevention (Jean…

  10. LA PEDAGOGÍA EN LA LOCALIDAD ARTEMISEŃA: SIGLOS XVIII-XX

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celier Crespo Alfonso; Yisell Martí Tramezayguez; Suharmy Herrera González

    2012-01-01

    Es un deber de todo ciudadano conocer la historia de su país, pero no cabe duda alguna, de que más que un deber es una necesidad, que todo cubano conozca la historia de la comunidad en la que vive, para que sea capaz de poder en el momento de tiempo que le toco vivir, dejar su huella y su impronta,

  11. National Rural Health Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Rural Health Fellows Program Application Volunteer Options NRHA Social Media Rural HIV/AIDS Resource Center Rural Health Students Education Liason Program NRHA International Task Force National ...

  12. Rural hospitals

    PubMed Central

    Radford, Andrea; Slifkin, Rebecca; Schur, Claudia; Cheung, Karen; Baernholdt, Marianne

    2013-01-01

    The 340B Drug Pricing Program has the potential to reduce outpatient pharmaceutical costs for qualifying hospitals—hut many rural hospital administrators are unaware of their organization’s eligibility. PMID:18637547

  13. [Rural nursing].

    PubMed

    Witt, R R; Backes, D L; Strim, C; Rodrigues, D

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the experience of a teacher and four students of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul within a sitting of members of a rural social movement that claims for land in Brazil. The work began with an activity of familiarization and ended up being an extension project. The aim of this project was the development of a Nursing assistencial model for the population of the rural area, considering the specificities of this movement, wishing to adapt Nursing teaching to this reality. The author sought for theoretical references in Breilh (1999) and Freire (1981). The activities were developed in 1996 and consisted of home care and group education. PMID:12004746

  14. Control de la presión arterial y prevalencia de hipertensión arterial en nińos y adolescentes de una población rural de Argentina. Datos preliminares del Proyecto Vela* Blood pressure control and arterial hypertension in children and adolescents from a rural population in Argentina. Preliminary data from Vela Proyect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alejandro Díaz; Matías Tringler; John David Molina; María C. Díaz; Virginia Geronimi; Darío Aguera; María S. Grenovero

    SUMMARY Hypertension can start at an early age, however there are few data about blood pressure control in rural students in Argen- tina. Proyecto Vela is a survey about cardiovascular risk fac- tors in the rural population of Maria Ignacia Vela, Argentina. We evaluated blood pressure levels, prevalence of arterial hy- pertension, sedentary lifestyle, overweight, and obesity in 331 children

  15. Rural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    Rural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative Image provided courtesy of Oregon Department of Agriculture Annual Report 2006 ­ 2007 (August 1, 2007) The Sustainable Rural Communities of the University to serve the people of Oregon. Rural Studies Program Oregon State University 213 Ballard Extension

  16. Rural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    Rural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative Near Molalla, Oregon - Image by Meredith Farmer on Flickr.com Annual Report August 2007 ­ July 2008 The Sustainable Rural Communities of the University to serve the people of Oregon. Rural Studies Program Oregon State University 213 Ballard Extension

  17. Rural as Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Craig B.; Howley, Aimee A.

    This essay explains two ways in which "the rural" serves as context. The common way interprets the rural lifeworld as an impediment to certain projects and goals, thus framing "the rural" as a subjugated and diminished reality. The other way is called "the rural circumstance" in order to situate the rural lifeworld as a center of attention, not as…

  18. Rural intentions

    PubMed Central

    Lu, Diane J.; Hakes, Jacquie; Bai, Meera; Tolhurst, Helen; Dickinson, James A.

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To investigate the reasons for family medicine graduates’ career choices. DESIGN Qualitative study using focus groups and one-on-one interviews. SETTING University of Calgary in Alberta. PARTICIPANTS Seventeen male and female second-year family medicine residents, representing a range of ages and areas of origin, enrolled in the 2004 urban and rural south streams of the family medicine residency program at the University of Calgary. METHOD During the final month of training, 2 focus groups were conducted to determine graduating students’ career choices and the reasons for them. After focus-group data were analyzed, a questionnaire was constructed and subsequently administered to participants during face-to-face or telephone interviews. MAIN FINDINGS Most residents initially planned to do urban locums in order to gain experience. In the long term, they planned to open practices in urban areas for lifestyle and family reasons. Many residents from the rural stream had no long-term plans to establish rural practices. Most residents said they felt prepared for practice, but many indicated that an optional third year of paid training, with an emphasis on emergency medicine, obstetrics, and pediatrics, would be desirable. Reasons cited for not practising in rural areas were related to workload, lifestyle issues, family obligations, and perceived lack of medical support in the community. Only 4 female graduates and 1 male graduate intended to practise obstetrics. The main reason residents gave for this was inadequate training in obstetrics during residency. Finances were cited as a secondary reason for many choices, and might in fact be more important than at first apparent. CONCLUSION Despite its intention to recruit family medicine graduates to rural areas and to obstetrics, the University of Calgary residency training program was not successful in recruiting physicians to these areas. The program likely needs to re-examine the effectiveness of current approaches. If other programs are having similar difficulties recruiting graduates to obstetrics and rural practice, perhaps changes in policies should be considered. PMID:18625827

  19. Rural Knowledge Clusters: The Challenge of Rural Economic

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Rural Knowledge Clusters: The Challenge of Rural Economic Prosperity Lee W. Munnich, Jr. Greg and Practice: No. 12 RURAL KNOWLEDGE CLUSTERS: THE CHALLENGE OF RURAL ECONOMIC PROSPERITY August 2002 Lee W Clusters ­ Evidence and Implications .........................................5 Rural Knowledge Clusters

  20. What Is Rural?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... rural territory and populations." 3. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Services Rural Classification Page: http://www. ... Sources that Define Rural 1. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service for research and policy. The ...

  1. PROPUESTA DE TURISMO RURAL A TRAVÉS DE UNA ESTRATEGIA DE COMUNICACIŇN Y MERCADEO PARA EL PRODUCTO GASTRONŇMICO Y TURÍSTICO “LAS TRUCHAS”, EN LA RUTA DE LAS TRUCHAS EN BAMBITO, PROVINCIA DE CHIRIQUĚ, PANAMŔ

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hipólito Solís

    2009-01-01

    Las actividades de producción en los espacios rurales se han desmejorado por múltiples factores, las fincas ya no producen lo suficiente para que las familias cubran sus gastos. El advenimiento de la denominada industria sin chimeneas (turismo), ha dinamizado las actividades económicas no solo en las grandes ciudades, en las zonas costeras de playa sino también en las zonas de

  2. Pennsylvania's Rural Homeless Reality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

    The Center for Rural Pennsylvania analyzed data from the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare concerning rural homelessness for fiscal years 1997 through 1999. Findings indicate that rural Pennsylvania has a homeless population and it is growing. In 1999, more than 21,700 clients received homeless assistance in rural areas, 44 percent of whom…

  3. Rural Education: Learning to Be Rural Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barter, Barbara

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper draws on research which began in 2006 with students in a graduate course on rural education. Its purpose was to find out what graduate students saw as current issues of rural education, how that compared to the literature, and what they thought supporting agencies such as government and universities needed to be doing to…

  4. Rural Poverty and Welfare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rural Housing Alliance, Washington, DC.

    Today poverty in rural America remains pervasive and persistent. A decade ago, 14 million rural Americans were classified as "officially" poor. In 1973, nearly 9.2 million were classified poor. The decline in rural poverty over the years has been minimal. This paper briefly documents the poverty statistics according to the living standards used by…

  5. Rethinking the Rural Practicum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This study explores and evaluates a rural practicum experience for pre-service Master of Arts in Teaching students. Using questionnaires, journal analysis, and interviews we share the experience from pre-service teachers' point of view. We learn about their attitudes about rural schools and rural school students. We asked, "does the experience…

  6. The Rural Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vineyard, Edwin E.

    1979-01-01

    Presents the views of the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges' Task Force on Rural Community Colleges in the areas of equal opportunity for the small, rural college, financing, accreditation, federal and state constraints, and the lack of literature and research relating to rural community colleges. A bibliography is included.…

  7. Rural Conditions and Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazie, Sara Mills, Ed.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    This U.S. Department of Agriculture periodical gives current statistical information on rural America. This issue contains articles about the impact on rural areas of economic trends, employment, and industry changes. A general overview indicates that moderate improvements in rural employment since 1986 have been tempered by slow income growth.…

  8. Think Rural Means Isolated?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kober, Nancy

    1990-01-01

    The benefits of distance education have made converts out of many rural school administrators. Through communication satellites, schools can gain access to the most advanced courses for students and staff while maintaining their rural characteristics and personal touch. Sidebars present a glossary and one rural New York school's experience with…

  9. Agriculture and Rural Viability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. Agricultural Experiment Station.

    Agriculture and the rural economic bases in mining, fisheries, forestry, and natural resource extraction are experiencing major social and economic changes. The farm and rural crises of the 1980s are not short-term aberrations, but symptoms of long-term trends that were partially hidden by the relatively good times for agriculture and rural areas…

  10. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities Prepared for: U for Rural America September 2003 Lee Munnich G. Edward Schuh James Lenhoff Marta Murray-Close Timothy Bates of Minnesota Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities Table of Contents

  11. Rural Policy Research Institute

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In the past several decades, a number of policy institutes and think-tanks have been formed to open a substantial dialogue about issues affecting rural communities. The Rural Policy Research Institute is one of these organizations, and involves scientists and policy analysts from Iowa State University, the University of Missouri, the University of Nebraska and other affiliated institutions. The Web site is divided into a number of sections, including a publications area, a section that contains editorials written by Institute fellows and staff members, and an area dedicated to providing information about helpful resources such as basic statistics about rural America. On the left side of the home page, visitors can also browse the Web pages of the Institute's affiliated centers such as the Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis and the Rural Poverty Research Center. Finally, users can elect to sign up for an electronic newsletter that will update them about upcoming events, conferences, and publications related to rural policy issues.

  12. HOSPITALS FOR RURAL PEOPLE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MANNY, ELSIE S.; ROGERS, CHARLES E.

    MODERN ADVANCEMENTS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE HAVE PRECIPITATED THE NEED FOR ADEQUATE UP-TO-DATE HOSPITAL FACILITIES REASONABLY CLOSE TO ALL PEOPLE. RURAL COMMUNITIES HAVE UTILIZED FEDERAL AID, STATE AID, ASSISTANCE FROM FOUNDATIONS, CIVIC BONDS, AND VOLUNTEER CONTRIBUTIONS AND DRIVES TO ERECT AND EQUIP HOSPITALS. HOSPITAL CARE FOR RURAL PEOPLE USUALLY…

  13. Rural Church Conference - 13 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties...

  14. Ad Hoc Rural Regionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamin, Elisabeth M.; Marcucci, Daniel J.

    2008-01-01

    A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or…

  15. Rural Youth and Leisure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Barbara

    A synthesis of Polish research and research methodology (1965-75) re: leisure time and rural youth reveals methodological differences and research results with implications for the future of rural youth. In the order of their popularity, the major Polish research methods are: inquiry; the memorialist approach; a combination of inquiry and free…

  16. Rural Policy Studies Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleury, Stephen C.; Mallan, John T.

    1988-01-01

    Describes a program for training high school social studies teachers to teach students to identify and systematically study rural policy issues affecting local economic and social development. Examines the relationships among policy studies, public education, and rural community development that make the proposed program particularly effective.…

  17. Measuring Rural Hospital Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

    2004-01-01

    Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

  18. National Rural Education Association

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1907, the National Rural Education Association is an organization designed to provide educational and administrative support to rural schools throughout the United States. Located at the University of Oklahoma, the Association's Web site provides information about their activities, including a list of mini-grants, teaching awards, and a yearly calendar that will be of great help to persons working in rural education settings. The site also contains the organization's bylaws, general objectives, and a listing of standing committees and executive directors. Other resources on the site include a listing of national education laboratories and other links to national educational research and policy groups and institutions. Lastly, the site contains full-text editions of two of the Association's publications, "Rural Education News" and "Rural Educator."

  19. Rural Health Option The Rural Health Option requires

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Rural Health Option The Rural Health Option requires: Membership in StORM Club, the Students for Osteopathic Rural Medicine Club (contact Rachael Pattison, President, e-mail: Rachael.pattison@okstate.edu) Early clinical experience in a rural site for 2 hours credit (SRE or ERE) (contact Morgan Farquharson

  20. Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development

    E-print Network

    Rice Center ­ NARS (National Agricultural Research Systems) Gender in Rice Research for DevelopmentDepartment of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development Curriculum Vitae Johanna 2013.11 ­ present Postdoctoral Fellow. Division of Rural Development, Dept. of Urban and Rural

  1. Rural America at a Glance. Rural Development Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

    This report highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing rural policies and programs. The economic expansion of the 1990s greatly benefited rural economies. Rural areas attracted both urban residents and immigrants. Hispanics accounted for over 25 percent of nonmetropolitan population…

  2. Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rose Bini Okiy

    2003-01-01

    Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

  3. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities Prepared for: U Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities Table of Contents Executive Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II

  4. Workplace Learning in Rural Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Robert F.; Brooks, Ann K.

    2008-01-01

    Many people perceive rural America as being an almost completely agricultural, farming, or ranching economy. In fact, less than 7 percent of rural employment is in agriculture; service industries account for over half, and service and manufacturing together account for more than 66 percent of employment in rural areas. Rural regions take 50…

  5. Rural tourism in Southern Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Oppermann

    1996-01-01

    A literature review reveals a multitude of different ideas as to what constitutes rural tourism. A model is suggested that places farm, rural, and non-urban tourism into context. Based on a survey of rural operators and tourists in Southern Germany, several aspects of rural tourism are discussed. The main market segments are families with children and older couples, and their

  6. Rurality and Mental Health Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emily J. Hauenstein; Stephen Petterson; Virginia Rovnyak; Elizabeth Merwin; Barbara Heise; Douglas Wagner

    2007-01-01

    Diversity within rural areas renders rural–urban comparisons difficult. The association of mental health treatment rates with\\u000a levels of rurality is investigated here using Rural–Urban Continuum Codes. Data from the 1996–1999 panels of the Medical Expenditure\\u000a Panel Survey are aggregated to provide annual treatment rates for respondents reporting mental health problems. Data show\\u000a that residents of the most rural areas receive

  7. Climate and Rural Income

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Mendelsohn; Alan Basist; Pradeep Kurukulasuriya; Ariel Dinar

    2007-01-01

    This paper tests whether climate has an impact on per capita rural income. The study finds that total (agricultural and nonagricultural)\\u000a income in rural counties and municipios in the US and Brazil are affected by climate. The study demonstrates that this income\\u000a effect is due to changes in the net value of agriculture. Regions with better climates for agriculture support

  8. Defining rural hospital markets.

    PubMed Central

    Goody, B

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to examine the geographic scope of rural hospital markets. DATA SOURCES. The study uses 1988 Medicare patient discharge records (MedPAR) and hospital financial information (HCRIS) for all rural hospitals participating in the Medicare Program. STUDY DESIGN. Hospital-specific market areas are compared to county-based market areas using a series of geographic and socioeconomic-demographic dimensions as well as indicators of market competitiveness. The potential impact of alternative market configurations on health services research is explored by estimating a model of rural hospital closure. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS. Hospital-specific market areas were defined using the zip code of patient origin. Zip code-level data were subsequently aggregated to the market level. FINDINGS. Using the county as the hospital market area results not only in the inclusion of areas from which the hospital does not draw patients but also in the exclusion of areas from which it does draw patients. The empirical estimation of a model of rural hospital closure shows that the definition of a hospital market area does not jeopardize the ability to identify major risk factors for closure. CONCLUSIONS. Market area definition may be key to identifying and monitoring populations at risk from rural hospital decisions to downsize or close their facilities. Further research into the market areas of rural hospitals that have closed would help to develop alternative, and perhaps more relevant, definitions of the population at risk. PMID:8514499

  9. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  10. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  11. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  12. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  13. 7 CFR 1980.405 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Rural areas. 1980.405 Section 1980.405 Agriculture...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  14. Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News, 1997-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News, 2000

    2000-01-01

    This document contains the 10 quarterly issues of "Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News," published from Fall 1997 to Winter 2000 (the final issue). This newsletter focused on projects funded by the Annenberg Rural Challenge, as well as research summaries and opinion pieces on the benefits of small schools, place-based education, and community…

  15. Putting Rural Readers on the Map: Strategies for Rural Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lester, Laura

    2012-01-01

    This manuscript provides readers with practical, evidence-based strategies, which have potential to enhance literacy instruction in rural schools. Rural teachers will find this manuscript especially useful as the unique characteristics, disparities and needs frequently present in rural communities are discussed, as well as, specific suggestions on…

  16. Rural power quality

    SciTech Connect

    Koval, D.O. (Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Chang, J.C. (Alberta Agriculture Engineering Services Branch, Edmonton (CA)); Leonard, J. (Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering)

    1992-07-01

    Very little published literature is available on the quality of power being delivered to rural industries. This paper will present the results of a detailed power quantity monitoring survey of 17 out of the 23 small rural industries surveyed (i.e., poultry broiler, poultry layer, beef feedlot, and pig (farrow to finish) rural industrial sites) and sponsored by the Canadian Electrical Association; the survey will provide a knowledge base on rural power quality and the possible origins of power supply anomalies. This paper will summarize the major power quality problems experienced at the various industrial sites and present some of the significant results of an across Canada questionnaire survey on On-farm Electrical Power Disturbances. The results of these surveys will provide a basis for mitigating actions by the utilities and their rural industrial customers by enhancing their ability to identify the possible origins of power supply disturbances affecting the performance of electronic and electrical equipment at the various farm industrial sites.

  17. Rural Science Education Program

    SciTech Connect

    Intress, C. [New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Rural Science Education Project is an outreach program of the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science with the goal of helping rural elementary schools improve science teaching and learning by using local natural environmental resources. This program is based on the assumption that rural schools, so often described as disadvantaged in terms of curricular resources, actually provide a science teaching advantage because of their locale. The natural environment of mountains, forests, ponds, desert, or fields offers a context for the study of scientific concepts and skills that appeals to many youngsters. To tap these resources, teachers need access to knowledge about the rural school locality`s natural history. Through a process of active participation in school-based workshops and field site studies, teachers observe and learn about the native flora, fauna, geology, and paleontology of their community. In addition, they are exposed to instructional strategies, activities, and provided with materials which foster experimential learning. This school-museum partnership, now in its fifth year, has aided more than 800 rural teachers` on-going professional development. These educators have, in turn, enhanced science education throughout New Mexico for more than 25,000 students.

  18. Rural Special Education: A Dilemma

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Harold W.

    1975-01-01

    This article lists and discusses five problems in rural special education: a) low population density, b) financial constraints resulting from lower tax bases, c) rural flight, d) inability to recruit and retain quality personnel, and e) lack of future. (HMD)

  19. Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions

    E-print Network

    Queensland, University of

    Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions Preliminary report to the Agricultural Alliance, Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions. Preliminary report to the Australian Agricultural Alliance of Australia South Australian Farmers Federation Visy Western Australian Farmers Federation (Inc) Westpac

  20. Office of Rural Health Policy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Opportunities HRSA-15-146 Rural Opioid Overdose Reversal Grant Program Apply at Grants.gov by June 08 ... HRSA-15-145 Rural Child Poverty Telehealth Network Grant Program Apply at Grants.gov by June 22 ...

  1. The Two-Ness of Rural Life and the Ends of Rural Scholarship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, Michael M.

    2007-01-01

    I analyze the current return of academic rural doubt in the US in terms of an old intellectual quandary: what is the rural? I argue that scholars have two dominant epistemologies of the rural, what I term first rural and second rural, and correspondingly different political visions. By first rural I mean the material moment of the rural, to which…

  2. Rural Community Assistance Corporation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1978, the Rural Community Assistance Corporation (RCAC) is dedicated â??to assisting rural communities in achieving their goals and visions by providing training, technical assistance and access to resources.â?ť Their work is primarily focused on work in the 13 Western states and for communities with populations under 50,000. The homepage is quite inviting, and allows users to peruse a list of upcoming events and support activities sponsored by the RCAC or other like-minded organizations. Persons seeking assistance or working on behalf of such communities will appreciate information from the homepage on such programs as housing, financing, and rural infrastructure development initiatives. The publications area of the site is quite strong, especially considering that visitors can study over ten newsletters here, including Alaska Anew, which details specifically with the search for finding solutions to the solid waste problem in Alaska.

  3. Rural Outreach: Connecting Distant Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenkel, Mary Beth

    Rural outreach in community mental health centers involves staff commuting from a central agency to surrounding rural towns to provide clinical and/or community service. The problem for outreach staff is how to best provide services to a rural network that is distant and different from the urban network. In general the greater the distance, the…

  4. REMOTE AND RURAL ENTERPRISE (RARE)

    E-print Network

    Viglas, Anastasios

    REMOTE AND RURAL ENTERPRISE (RARE) Do you want to get out there beyond the classroom and engage opportunity to contribute to the development of Australia's remote and rural regions. We are engaging. Entrepreneurship and social enterprise open up new opportunities for remote and rural community development

  5. Adult Literacy in Rural Pennsylvania.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Askov, Eunice N.

    The rural work force has lower basic skills to supply labor for new jobs with higher literacy demands. At all levels of education the rural population is at a disadvantage compared with the urban population. One out of five rural adults in Pennsylvania has not continued education past the eighth grade. Among the costs to businesses from employee…

  6. Strengthening the Small Rural School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edington, Everett D.

    Since small school problems are magnified in rural areas and since small rural schools have suffered, consequently, from the consolidation syndrome, it is important to acknowledge the fact that due to geographical limitations some rural areas cannot consolidate and others simply prefer the small school environment. It should also be recognized…

  7. TURISMO RURAL E AGRICULTURA FAMILIAR

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CÉLIA DE CASTRO TEIXEIRA; FABIANA MOREIRA VICENTIM; TATHIANA TAKARA

    RESUMO O presente projeto faz uma breve reflexăo sobre o turismo rural e sua expansăo, sobre as novas tendęncias da demanda e a necessidade do produtor e rural de diversificar sua renda. Explana sobre os pontos positivos e negativos da atividade turística e atenta para a necessidade de um planejamento.Discute açőes, diretrizes e estratégias para o turismo rural.O agroturismo e

  8. Transport Costs and Rural Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maureen Kilkenny

    1998-01-01

    Innovations that reduce costs of transport from rural locations may also reduce transport costs to rural areas. As transport costs fall, producers can afford to concentrate and achieve economies of scale. This paper explains an initially negative, but ultimately positive, relationship between reductions in transport costs and rural development. A two-region general equilibrium model with firm and worker spatial mobility

  9. Juvenile Justice in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jankovic, Joanne, Ed.; And Others

    Producing a much-needed organized body of literature about rural juvenile justice, 14 papers (largely from the 1979 National Symposium on Rural Justice) are organized to identify current issues, identify forces causing changes in current systems, review programs responding to rural juvenile justice problems, and provide planning models to aid…

  10. What affects rural beneficiaries use of urban and rural hospitals?

    PubMed

    Buczko, W

    1992-01-01

    Analysis of the Medicare provider analysis record (MEDPAR) data during fiscal years 1984 through 1989 indicates that the proportion of rural Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized in urban hospitals has remained constant during the prospective payment system (PPS). Much of the use of urban hospitals by rural beneficiaries during this period was to obtain specialized care or surgery, as suggested by the analysis, and is consistent with historical patterns of referral of rural patients. Thus, the bypassing of rural hospitals by rural beneficiaries for treatment in urban hospitals has probably not increased during PPS. PMID:10127446

  11. Reluctant Rural Regionalists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Peter V.; Stern, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These…

  12. Manifesto on Rural Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Catholic Rural Life Conference, Des Moines, IA.

    Written in 1939, this book outlines fundamental Catholic principles and policies that address problems associated with the agricultural system and rural living during the early 20th century. The manifesto was derived from Catholic social philosophy and espouses the benefits of an occupation in agriculture, including the development of private…

  13. RURAL TEACHER'S GUIDE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Napa County Schools, CA.

    TEACHERS AND LOCAL BOARDS OF NAPA COUNTY'S RURAL SCHOOLS ARE PLACED IN THE POSITION OF PROVIDING EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP TO THE COMMUNITIES WHICH LACK GUIDANCE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS. RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM THE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT AND MATERIALS AVAILABLE FROM LOCAL SCHOOLS ARE LISTED. THE SUPERINTENDENT PROVIDES A COUNTY CONSULTANT TO AID IN…

  14. Rural Growth Slows Down.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Mark; And Others

    1987-01-01

    After decade of growth, rural income, population, and overall economic activity have stalled and again lag behind urban trends. Causes include banking and transportation deregulation, international competition, agricultural finance problems. Only nonmetropolitan counties dependent on retirement, government, and trade show continuing income growth…

  15. Rural Substance Abuse

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and increased risk of death from overdose and suicide. Rural and Urban Substance Abuse Rates (ages 12 and older, unless noted) Non-metro Small metro Large metro Underage alcohol use 11.3% 11.4% 11.7% Binge alcohol use by youths aged 12 to 17 6.6% 6.2% 6. ...

  16. Radio in Rural Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keshishoglou, John E.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the role that radio can play in keeping in touch with people in rural areas, motivating them to sustain or even increase agricultural productivity through the use of modern techniques, and addressing problems in nutrition, family health and the like. (Author)

  17. Energy requirements for rural development

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, D.W.

    1988-06-01

    This study on the role of energy in the development of rural areas was originally conducted in the spring and summer of 1985. It was intended to serve as a background paper for the preparation of a program plan for the Office of Energy of the United States Agency for International Development. As such it begins with a brief overview of how rural development fits into national development, then offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about rural development in particular and the energy implications of the various components of rural development. Agriculture naturally comes to mind when rural areas are mentioned, but industry is an important component of rural activity as well. Consequently, both agricultural and nonagricultural energy use is discussed. Modernization of rural areas will change household, as well as production, energy use. However, household energy use is a veritable subject in its own right, with a large literature. Consequently, that topic is discussed in less detail than the production energy topics.

  18. Early Rural Experience (ERE) The Early Rural Experience is a 120 hour rotation designed to reinforce student interest in rural

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Early Rural Experience (ERE) Curriculum The Early Rural Experience is a 120 hour rotation designed to reinforce student interest in rural practice and to prepare the student for their rural clerkships. This rotation is comprised of clinical office experiences in rural communities, community service

  19. Delinquent Behavior of Dutch Rural Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weenink, Don

    2011-01-01

    This article compares Dutch rural and non-rural adolescents' delinquent behavior and examines two social correlates of rural delinquency: communal social control and traditional rural culture. The analyses are based on cross-sectional data, containing 3,797 participants aged 13-18 (48.7% females). The analyses show that rural adolescents are only…

  20. ubccpd.ca/rural The UBC Rural CPD Program is supported by

    E-print Network

    ubccpd.ca/rural The UBC Rural CPD Program is supported by Rural Coordination Centre of BC EnhancingRuralHealthThroughEducation MOC SECTION 1 MAINPRO M1 12.0 What is the Online Journal Club in Rural Emergency Medicine? · An accredited, 100% online journal club for BC physicians who provide EM care in rural areas or small urban

  1. Center for Rural Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    Located at the University of Vermont, the Center for Rural Studies draws on the strengths of professors, researchers, and community development experts to address the "social, economic, and resource-based problems of rural people and communities." Visitors to the site are presented with a wide range of ways to access the reports, data tables, and other such information offered here. One of the site's highlights is the Vermont Indicators Online project, which includes detailed information about the towns, villages, and counties contained within the boundaries of this free-spirited state. What is particularly nice about this project is that the data can also be browsed through a visualization tool that allows visitors to zoom in and out across the state.

  2. Rural Health in Pharmacy Curricula

    PubMed Central

    Thrasher, Kim; O’Connor, Shanna K.

    2012-01-01

    The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act proposes strategies to address the workforce shortages of primary care practitioners in rural America. This review addresses the question, “What specialized education and training are colleges and schools of pharmacy providing for graduates who wish to enter pharmacy practice in rural health?” All colleges and schools accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or those in precandidate status as of December 2011 were included in an Internet-based review of Web sites. A wide scope of curricular offerings were found, ranging from no description of courses or experiences in a rural setting to formally developed programs in rural pharmacy. Although the number of pharmacy colleges and schools providing either elective or required courses in rural health is encouraging, more education and training with this focus are needed to help overcome the unmet need for quality pharmacy care for rural populations. PMID:23193344

  3. Rural pediatric surgery.

    PubMed

    Nakayama, Don K

    2015-03-01

    Published outcome studies support regionalization of pediatric surgery, in which all children suspected of having surgical disease are transferred to a specialty center. Transfer to specialty centers, however, is an expensive approach to quality, both in direct costs of hospitalization and the expense incurred by families. A related question is the role of well-trained rural surgeons in an adequately resourced facility in the surgical care of infants and children. Local community facilities provide measurably equivalent results for straightforward emergencies in older children such as appendicitis. With education, training, and support such as telemedicine consultation, rural surgeons and hospitals may be able to care for many more children such as single-system trauma and other cases for which they have training such as pyloric stenosis. They can recognize surgical disease at earlier stages and initiate appropriate treatment before transfer so that patients are in better shape for surgery when they arrive for definitive care. Rural and community facilities would be linked in a pediatric surgery system that covers the spectrum of pediatric surgical conditions for a geographical region. PMID:25760196

  4. Southern Rural Development Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Since John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson declared war on rural poverty during their time in the White House, there has been an overriding concern with alleviating the persistently high levels of poverty in the American South. A number of organizations have developed to provide assistance to the region, and the Southern Rural Development Center (SRDC), located at Mississippi State University is one such entity. The center's mission statement reflects this sentiment, as it notes its primary directive is "to strengthen the capacity of the region's 29-land grant institutions to address critical contemporary development issues impacting the well-being of people and communities in the rural South." Visitors interested in these issues will find plenty to examine here, as they may elect to view a calendar of germane events (such as regional science conferences and the like), look over a list of their primary focus areas, learn about available funding opportunities, and download any number of policy publications and newsletters which date back to 1993.

  5. School Reform for Rural America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fishman, Dan

    2015-01-01

    Overall, one in four rural children live in poverty, and of the 50 U.S. counties with the highest child-poverty rates, 48 are rural. Drug usage abounds. In the mid-2000s, rural 8th graders were 59 percent more likely than peers in large cities to use methamphetamines and 104 percent more likely to use any amphetamine, according to the National…

  6. 7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503 Section 25.503...Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...

  7. 7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503 Section 25.503...Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...

  8. 7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503 Section 25.503...Office of the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...

  9. 76 FR 80217 - Rural Business Investment Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ...action is 10.860, Rural Business Investment Program. Executive...officials. For the Rural Business Investment Program, the...teleconferences, to periodically host collaborative conversations with Tribal...I. Background A. Rural Business Investment Program On...

  10. 77 FR 4885 - Rural Business Investment Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-01

    ...Interim Rule for the Rural Business Investment...Part 4290 Community development, Government securities...follows: CHAPTER XLII--RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE...Under Secretary, Rural Development. [FR Doc....

  11. Delinquent Behavior of Dutch Rural Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Weenink

    2011-01-01

    This article compares Dutch rural and non-rural adolescents’ delinquent behavior and examines two social correlates of rural\\u000a delinquency: communal social control and traditional rural culture. The analyses are based on cross-sectional data, containing\\u000a 3,797 participants aged 13–18 (48.7% females). The analyses show that rural adolescents are only slightly less likely to engage\\u000a in delinquent behavior. Furthermore, while rural adolescents are

  12. Rural student doctors top city colleagues: Representation of a rural clinical school in the rural press

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine Harding; Louis Pilotto

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To describe the way in which the rural press portrays a rural clinical school and its staff and students.\\u000aDesign: Textual analysis of a collection of newspapers kept by the local campuses of the University of New South Wales Rural Clinical School (UNSW RCS).\\u000aThe study: The UNSW established a RCS in January 2000. This study sampled a total

  13. 75 FR 33501 - Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-14

    ...Microentrepreneur Assistance Program AGENCY: Rural Business-Cooperative Service...for qualified microenterprise development organizations to support microentrepreneurs in the development and ongoing success of rural microenterprises. This...

  14. Educational Renewal in Rural Alaska: The Alaska Rural Systemic Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnhardt, Ray

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Alaska Rural Systemic Initiative (AKRSI), which is documenting Alaska Native indigenous knowledge systems and developing pedagogical practices to integrate that knowledge into formal education. Discusses the Alaskan context of rural education; AKRSI's yearly cycle of activities in Alaska's five cultural regions; and activities…

  15. Impacts of the Rural Turnaround on Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Peggy J.; Green, Bernal L.

    Facilities and staff, financing, administration, and social/behavioral problems are four areas of the educational systems of rural schools impacted by the rapid population growth resulting from the urban-to-rural migration begun in the 1970's and expected to last several decades. Overcrowding of facilities is a short-range problem for communities…

  16. Contribución de la bioenergía al desarrollo sostenible del medio rural. Análisis para Castilla y León\\/Bioenergy contribution to sustainable rural development. Analysis for Castilla y León

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ANA QUIJANO PEDROSA; MARGARITA RICO GONZALEZ

    2011-01-01

    El progresivo deterioro socioeconómico de buena parte del territorio rural del interior espańol ha motivado la necesidad de aplicar medidas de acción que procuren la diversificación productiva de estos espacios. En este sentido, el sector de la bioenergía constituye una actividad susceptible de generar efectos económicos y sociales en las zonas de localización. El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en

  17. Issues of Rural Light Pollution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. H. Osborn; R. L. Hammer; A. Hammer

    2001-01-01

    Light pollution is generally considered mostly an urban problem. Common sources of light pollution are poorly designed lighting of streets, parking lots, businesses and advertizing signs and for security. These sources, and the amount of light pollution generated, increase with population density. Nevertheless, light pollution can also be significant in rural areas. Rural light pollution differs from that in urban

  18. Rural Sociology at the Crossroads

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krannich, Richard S.

    2008-01-01

    A complex array of socio-historical, demographic, and organizational factors have combined in recent years to threaten both the current status of and future prospects for the discipline of rural sociology, and for the Rural Sociological Society (RSS). This paper examines the somewhat problematic recent trajectories of the RSS as a professional…

  19. Technology and rural mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah P. Farrell; Caroline R. McKinnon

    2003-01-01

    In addition to the specific and pervasive rural issues of isolation and suitability of services, the rural mental health system faces many of the same problems as the health system in general: access and increasing costs. The introduction of technology adds the unknown dimensions of acceptability and feasibility. Technology has the potential to decrease the gap in services and improve

  20. Going Digital in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malecki, Edward J.

    This paper examines the extent to which rural America is digital--has access to the Internet and to newer technologies such as wireless broadband--and discusses rural supply and demand for "going digital." Supply aspects include issues of both infrastructure and public policy. Demand aspects include entrepreneurs (business users) and others with…

  1. Newfoundland and Labrador Rural Dialogue

    E-print Network

    deYoung, Brad

    Newfoundland and Labrador Rural Dialogue Discussion Document Prepared by Keith Storey Department of Newfoundland and Labrador. It represents a brief synopsis of a range of issues identified as important for the sustainability and development of rural Newfoundland and Labrador. Small-group consultations were held

  2. Portrait of Rural Virtual Schooling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbour, Michael K.

    2007-01-01

    Over the past two decades, distance education has become a reality of rural schooling in Newfoundland and Labrador. In this article, I provide historical background into the challenges facing rural schools in the province and how distance education was introduced to address that challenge. I also describe how that system of distance education…

  3. A Unique Rural School Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodendorf, Diane M.

    1983-01-01

    Observed 34 children in a Midwest rural two-room school. Teacher strategies are described, as well as child behavior, as they differed from urban schools. Comparison of the Metropolitan Achievement Tests and the Science Research Associates (SRA) scores yielded little or no differences in performance between urban and rural children. (Author)

  4. Persuading Teachers to Go Rural

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2010-01-01

    With a national teacher shortage projected to start peaking this year as baby boomers retire and budget shortfalls restrict state and local funding for teachers, rural school districts are working to keep the teachers they have while seeking new ones at little if any additional cost. The retirements alone will compound problems rural districts…

  5. Women and the Rural Idyll.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Jo; Austin, Patricia

    1996-01-01

    Draws on the current debate about the cultural construction of rurality and on interviews with 64 women in the village of East Harptree, Avon, England, to show how women's perceptions of the rural idyll were embedded in their lifestyles, identities, role as mothers, patterns of behavior, values, and relationships. Contains 31 references. (SV)

  6. A Rural-Urban Typology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ethridge, F. Maurice; Mookherjee, Harsha

    Much research and many publications have dealt with the concepts of rural-urban differences, but the controversy regarding the conceptual clarity of the variables remains. Assuming that these variables need clarification, this paper: (1) examines some of the conceptual and methodological problems involved in rural-urban differentiation, (2)…

  7. Finding Fairness for Rural Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strange, Marty

    2011-01-01

    High-poverty schools in rural areas and small towns are under attack from state policy makers who want to consolidate these schools in order to save money. In addition to calls for consolidation, rural schools also are threatened by unfair and inadequate funding formulas.

  8. Home Schooling in Rural Nebraska.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Robert L.; Cruzeiro, Patricia; Holz, Jan

    1999-01-01

    A 1996-97 survey of 40 home schooling families in rural Nebraska examined family characteristics, parents' social and political attitudes, the rationale for home schooling, curriculum and supplementary materials, children's opportunities for social experiences, rural characteristics, parents' educational attitudes, and support from extended…

  9. Teacher Incentives in Rural Schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DAISY F. REED; DORIS W. BUSBY

    This study was undertaken to determine the number and types of incentives being offered to teachers in rural schools and to ascertain if the offering of incentives had an effect on the recruitment and retention of teachers. Sixty-sevensuperintendents of rural schools in the Commonwealth of Virginia responded to a questionnaire. The results of the study indicate that the majority of

  10. Introduction to Rural America

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Meredith Redlin

    This exercise was designed for a sociology course and focuses on rural youth in the United States. Students will complete an exercise of simplified recreation of study data and then take on the role as researchers and use their own class data for hypothesis formulation and testing. The data is compiled by the instructor and cross-tabulations are run for each variable. Student then devise original hypotheses and analyze the data using their choice of variables from the data set. This activity utilizes a recreation of study survey of students in the class to create a unique dataset for students to analyze.

  11. Rural Policy Matters: A Newsletter of Rural School & Community Action, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rural Policy Matters, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This document contains the 11 issues of the newsletter "Rural Policy Matters" published in 2001. Issues examine recent educational research on small and rural schools; report on court litigation related to rural school finance, local advocacy efforts in support of rural schools, and the condition of rural school facilities; outline policy issues…

  12. Summer Rural Externship Application OSU-CHS Center for Rural Health

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Rev 4/7/09 Summer Rural Externship Application OSU-CHS Center for Rural Health Area Health Rural Externship and what you hope to gain from this rural experience. Name Summer Rural Externship? Check all boxes that apply Within 50 miles of Tulsa I plan to stay with family

  13. Rural development and rural to urban migration in China 1978–1990

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianfa Shen

    1995-01-01

    Economic reforms since the late 1970s have brought about significant changes in rural China. A large number of surplus rural labourers have been released from the agricultural sector and there has been a massive transition of rural residents from agricultural to non-agricultural employment. These changes will be analyzed by examining the changes in the employment structure of rural residents. Rural

  14. The Reported Value of Rural Internal Medicine Residency Electives and Factors That Influence Rural Career Choice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Christine C.; DeWitt, Dawn E.

    2002-01-01

    A survey of 58 medical residents participating in a 1-2 month rural elective and 51 matched nonparticipants found that participants' interest in rural practice increased significantly after the elective. Respondents suggested means to increase rural career choice, barriers to rural practice, and ways of increasing the rural elective's influence on…

  15. rurAL humAn services College of Rural and Community Development

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    rurAL humAn services College of Rural and Community Development Statewide Programs 907 Endorsement: 16 Credits The rural human services programs are designed to develop strong and healthy rural and principles. The occupational endorsement is a concentrated course of study focused on rural behavioral health

  16. rurAL utiLities Business College of Rural and Community Development

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    rurAL utiLities Business mAnAgement College of Rural and Community Development Division of Rural and Economic Development Interior-Aleutians Campus 907-474-5439 www.uaf.edu/rural/ Occupational endorsement Minimum Requirements for Occupational Endorsement: 12 credits The occupational endorsement in rural

  17. Lay discourses of the rural: Developments and implications for rural studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Owain Jones

    1995-01-01

    Considerations of lay discourses of the rural - people's everyday interpretations of rural places and ideas of the rural - have become increasingly evident in some key articles addressing the theory and practice of academic rural studies. A major element of the retheorization of rural studies, which itself is set within the broader contexts of recent developments in social theory,

  18. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities 

    E-print Network

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01

    states, while it is the second largest state in the union and home to 3 of the ten largest U.S. cities (U.S Department of Commerce 2000). The priorities and challenges of rural communities are sufficiently different than those of urban centers... census? Unemployment drains the rural community to a greater degree than in urban centers, as job creation in rural areas lags behind that in urban centers. Periods of high or sustained unemployment may result in out-migration from small towns...

  19. Mental Health Issues in Rural Nursing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babich, Karen S., Comp.

    Five papers cover recent developments in rural mental health nursing. "Rural Mental Health Care: A Survey of the Research" (Karen Babich) chronicles recent interest in understanding the rural population's character and the nature of mental health services needed by and provided to rural America. Lauren Aaronson ("Using Health Beliefs in a Nursing…

  20. Rural Elementary School Teachers' Technology Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Aimee; Wood, Lawrence; Hough, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Based on survey responses from more than 500 third-grade teachers, this study addressed three research questions relating to technology integration and its impact in rural elementary schools. The first analyses compared rural with non-rural teachers, revealing that the rural teachers had more positive attitudes toward technology integration. Then…

  1. Rural Areas Feel Effects of Macroeconomic Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malley, James R.; Hady, Thomas F.

    1987-01-01

    Diversification of rural economies and changes in financial markets and world trade have broken down many barriers that insulated rural areas in the past. United States rural areas--the rural South and Northeast in particular--now appear to be affected slightly more than urban areas by national monetary and fiscal policies. (JHZ)

  2. Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State Colleges and Universities Prepared for. The Institute does not itself take positions on issues of public policy. #12;Rural Knowledge Clusters 3 Rural Knowledge Clusters: Model of Rural Innovation 5 Approach and Research Design 8 Case Studies

  3. The Impact of Agribusiness on Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theobald, Paul

    The dramatic growth of multinational agribusiness corporations has led to all types of rural decline--social, demographic, institutional, and environmental. Historically, rural inhabitants and rural land have been abused and neglected in the name of progress. Rural development efforts often attract small assembly or light manufacturing plants that…

  4. Gender, Class and Rurality: Australian Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Lia; Pini, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The interrelationship between gender and class in rural spaces has received little attention. While rural scholars have focused on the implications for class from processes of gentrification and agricultural and rural restructuring, these analyses have remained largely ungendered. Similarly, feminist rural studies have rarely explored subjectivity…

  5. Designing Appropriate Computing Technologies for Rural Development

    E-print Network

    Parikh, Tapan S.

    Designing Appropriate Computing Technologies for Rural Development Tapan S. Parikh Department billion people in the rural developing worlddeveloping world need the sameneed the same of relations 3 billion people in the rural3 billion people in the rural developing worlddeveloping world have

  6. Addressing Personnel Needs for Rural Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenkoetter, Sharon E.; Irwin, Jill D.; Saceda, Rachelle G.

    2004-01-01

    A chronic shortage of early interventionists and special educators exists in rural areas. The authors argue that special rural knowledge and skills may be required for early interventionists and special educators to be satisfied and productive in rural areas. Both recruitment and retention of rural special educators can be challenging, leading in…

  7. Southern Rural Access Program: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beachler, Michael; Holloman, Curtis; Herman, James

    2003-01-01

    The Southern Rural Access Program, a grant program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in eight southern states, funds projects that nurture rural and disadvantaged students in health-care fields; build state, regional, or community capacity to recruit and retain rural health professionals; support rural health networks; and provide loans to…

  8. Bassett healthcare rural surgery experience.

    PubMed

    Borgstrom, David C; Heneghan, Steven J

    2009-12-01

    The surgical training at Bassett is naturally broader than in many university settings, with a survey showing that nearly 70% of graduates who practice general surgery remain in a rurally designated area. Rural surgery experience falls into 3 categories: undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. The general surgery training program has no competing fellowships or subspecialty residencies; residents get significant experience with endoscopy; ear, nose, and throat; plastic and hand surgery; and obstetrics and gynecology. The rural setting lifestyle is valued by the students, residents, and fellows alike. It provides an ideal setting for recognizing the specific nuances of small-town American life, with a high-quality education and surgical experience. PMID:19944814

  9. La empresa rural a través del análisis estratégico: Grupo de herbolaria “Hamelia”

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ma. Del Carmen Vergara Tenorio; Tatiana Soberón Acuńa; José Arévalo Ramírez; Esli Suárez Zurita

    2011-01-01

    Desde un enfoque de género, las empresas rurales pueden constituir una instancia para el empoderamiento social y económico de las mujeres y la conservación de los recursos biológicos. El grupo de productoras “Hamelia” de los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, México; elabora productos cosméticos y medicinales usando conocimientos etnobotánicos. A su vez, este grupo ejemplifica las problemáticas que experimentan estas empresas. En el

  10. La investigación acción participativa: instrumento para la transformación del trabajo en las microuniversidades rurales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maribel Asín Cala; Lenin Massó Salazar

    2011-01-01

    La realidad de las micro universidades rurales dentro del contexto de la universalización superior pedagógica en Cuba, y particularmente del trabajo del tutor para la asesoría de los docentes en formación, precisa de una forma de organización del trabajo que permita la transformación de directores, tutores y docentes en formación en el propio proceso docente educativo. Es sugerente, entonces, incluir

  11. Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities

    E-print Network

    Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

    2004-01-01

    stable for the past 20 years (Stenberg 2003a). Stenberg states, ?the rate for rural areas, in the aggregate and largely as a consequence of Federal and State policies, is comparable to urban areas? (2003a, 1). The Telecommunications Act of 1996... access? This indicator continues the argument above as an indicator of the current status and ?quality of telecommunication services [that] can encourage business activity to remain or develop in rural areas? (Stenberg et al. 1997, 32...

  12. Rural Residents Who Are Hospitalized in Rural and Urban Hospitals: United States, 2010

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Who Are Hospitalized in Rural and Urban Hospitals: United States, 2010 On This Page Key findings Hospitalized rural ... distribution of hospitalized rural residents, by hospital location: United States, 2010 NOTE: Estimates may not add to totals ...

  13. Rural Schools' Mental Health Needs

    E-print Network

    Lee, Steven W.; Lohmeier, Jill H.; Niileksela, Christopher Robert; Oeth, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    Rural schools often can not provide the same access to mental health service as schools in larger population areas can.. Understanding the implications of these sometimes limited services is important in overcoming barriers to adequate services...

  14. 7 CFR 1940.589 - Rural Business Enterprise Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Rural Business Enterprise Grants. 1940.589 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  15. 7 CFR 1940.593 - Rural Business Opportunity Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Rural Business Opportunity Grants. 1940.593 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  16. 7 CFR 1940.589 - Rural Business Enterprise Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural Business Enterprise Grants. 1940.589 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  17. 7 CFR 1940.593 - Rural Business Opportunity Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural Business Opportunity Grants. 1940.593 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  18. 7 CFR 1980.312 - Rural area designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rural area designation. 1980.312 Section 1980.312...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  19. 7 CFR 1940.593 - Rural Business Opportunity Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural Business Opportunity Grants. 1940.593 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  20. 7 CFR 1940.593 - Rural Business Opportunity Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Rural Business Opportunity Grants. 1940.593 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  1. 7 CFR 1980.312 - Rural area designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rural area designation. 1980.312 Section 1980.312...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  2. 7 CFR 1980.312 - Rural area designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural area designation. 1980.312 Section 1980.312...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  3. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program. 1940.560 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  4. 42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Definition of Underserved Rural Community. 5a.3 Section 5a.3...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS RURAL PHYSICIAN TRAINING GRANT PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural...

  5. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program. 1940.560 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  6. 7 CFR 1940.589 - Rural Business Enterprise Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural Business Enterprise Grants. 1940.589 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  7. 42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Definition of Underserved Rural Community. 5a.3 Section 5a.3...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS RURAL PHYSICIAN TRAINING GRANT PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural...

  8. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program. 1940.560 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  9. 7 CFR 1940.589 - Rural Business Enterprise Grants.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agriculture 13 2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Rural Business Enterprise Grants. 1940.589 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  10. 42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Definition of Underserved Rural Community. 5a.3 Section 5a.3...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS RURAL PHYSICIAN TRAINING GRANT PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural...

  11. 7 CFR 1980.312 - Rural area designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural area designation. 1980.312 Section 1980.312...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  12. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program. 1940.560 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  13. 7 CFR 1980.312 - Rural area designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Rural area designation. 1980.312 Section 1980.312...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  14. 42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Definition of Underserved Rural Community. 5a.3 Section 5a.3...HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS RURAL PHYSICIAN TRAINING GRANT PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural...

  15. Characterising Rural Businesses--Tales from the Paperman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosworth, Gary

    2012-01-01

    A case study of a self-termed "rural business" is used to deconstruct the concept of a rural business and shed light on specific features of "operating in a rural area" and "serving a rural population". Alongside "selling a rural product", the paper claims that these make up three parameters for categorising rural businesses. Highlighting these…

  16. Growing Up in Rural Illinois. Illinois Rural Youth Survey Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, Nancy

    Most Americans view small towns and rural areas as ideal places to grow up and raise a family, yet 1990 census data reveal that most rural areas are losing population, particularly the young. Teenagers who live in rural communities are likely to have important insights into this contradiction. Approximately 5,600 students attending 114 rural high…

  17. Predicting Rural Practice Using Different Definitions to Classify Medical School Applicants as Having a Rural Upbringing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, John A.; Conaway, Mark R.; Bailey, Beth A.; Hayden, Gregory F.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This study determines the relationship between a medical school applicant's rural background and the likelihood of rural practice using different definitions of rural background. Methods: Cohort study of 599 physicians who entered the University of Virginia School of Medicine in 1990-1995 and graduated in 1994-1999. The "rurality" of the…

  18. Rural Community and Rural Resilience: What Is Important to Farmers in Keeping Their Country Towns Alive?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McManus, Phil; Walmsley, Jim; Argent, Neil; Baum, Scott; Bourke, Lisa; Martin, John; Pritchard, Bill; Sorensen, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Many studies have highlighted the phenomenon of rural decline in parts of the developed world, summarised as a loss in agricultural employment leading to a decline in the number and size of rural settlements. This study of small towns in part of Australia's inland rural "heartland" employs the concepts of interactional rural community of place and…

  19. Rural Cultural Houses (A New Approach to Rural Youth Work in Iran).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salmanzadeh, Cyrus

    Based on field work in rural areas of Khuzestan Province in southwestern Iran in 1973-74, an examination of the nature of rural cultural houses in Iran was undertaken. Set up by royal decree in 1968, the rural cultural houses have had as their objective to assist peasantry in general and rural youth in particular to achieve a socially enriched…

  20. Rural Libraries: A Forum for Rural Library Service. Volume X, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheller, Rebekah, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    The two issues of the journal "Rural Libraries" for 1990 contain a total of seven articles. "Cooperation and Rural Libraries," by Jackie Schmitt, reports on a nationwide survey of 119 rural libraries' participation in intrastate library cooperatives. "Rural Public Library Service to Native Americans," by Susan Hollaran, outlines strategies for the…

  1. RuralCafe: Web Search in the Rural Developing World New York University

    E-print Network

    Subramanian, Lakshminarayanan

    RuralCafe: Web Search in the Rural Developing World Jay Chen New York University 715 Broadway New States jinyang@cs.nyu.edu ABSTRACT The majority of people in rural developing regions do not have access phenomenon. A significant fraction of rural regions around the world, especially in the developing world

  2. rurAl DevelopMent College of Rural and Community Development

    E-print Network

    Hartman, Chris

    rurAl DevelopMent College of Rural and Community Development Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development Fairbanks Campus 907-474-6528 Toll-free 888-574-6528 Anchorage Office 907 Degree Minimum Requirements for Degree: 120 credits Rural development degree programs are designed

  3. Rural Runaways: Rurality and Its Implications for Services to Children and Young People Who Run Away

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franks, Myfanwy; Goswami, Haridhan

    2010-01-01

    This article debates options for service provision to young rural runaways in the UK. Using data drawn from two national surveys and follow-on qualitative studies, the authors trace urban myths of rurality and their effects on runaway provision. The authors review models of rural refuge, systemic advocacy and mobile services for rural runaways.…

  4. Recruitment and Retention of Rural Physicians: Outcomes from the Rural Physician Associate Program of Minnesota

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halaas, Gwen Wagstrom; Zink, Therese; Finstad, Deborah; Bolin, Keli; Center, Bruce

    2008-01-01

    Context: Founded in 1971 with state funding to increase the number of primary care physicians in rural Minnesota, the Rural Physician Associate Program (RPAP) has graduated 1,175 students. Third-year medical students are assigned to primary care physicians in rural communities for 9 months where they experience the realities of rural practice with…

  5. 78 FR 76257 - Rural Call Completion

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-17

    ...level of service for completing long-distance calls to rural areas. This document...concerns about completion of long-distance calls to rural areas. Doing so will help ensure that long-distance calls to all Americans,...

  6. Adult Education and Anomia in Rural Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odokara, E. O.

    1971-01-01

    Extracts from an article describing the efforts of the University of Nigeria to dispel post-civil war anomia among the rural population, and to direct various reconstruction and rehabilitation programs to rural areas. (Author/JB)

  7. Rural Poor Bear Higher Burden of COPD

    MedlinePLUS

    ... All rights reserved. More Health News on: COPD Health Disparities Rural Health Concerns Recent Health News Related MedlinePlus Health Topics COPD Health Disparities Rural Health Concerns About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs ...

  8. Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty

    E-print Network

    that will help rural women and men move out of poverty and, in the process, become part of the solution in Africa (AGRA) "In addition to being an in-depth evaluation of the status of rural poverty and its

  9. Nursings students’ attitudes towards rural nursing practice 

    E-print Network

    Tao, Yuexian

    2014-07-01

    Background: Nursing shortage is a worldwide phenomenon; in rural areas, this shortage is exacerbated by geographical imbalances. Reducing the inequality of health outcomes between rural and urban areas requires improvement ...

  10. Rural Youth and Multimedia: An Interagency Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brumby, Susan; Eversole, Robyn; Scholfield, Kaye; Watt, Leanne

    2007-01-01

    The 10MMM multimedia project began in late 2002 in a rural region of western Victoria and has now entered its second stage. It is an inter-agency initiative intended to decrease the social isolation of rural young people and stimulate the expression of youth "voice" and leadership using multimedia tools. As the process of working with rural young…

  11. Queer country: Rural lesbian and gay lives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Bell; Gill Valentine

    1995-01-01

    Studies of rural life and lifestyles have yet to seriously address issues of sexuality. This paper outlines some of the experiences of lesbians and gay men who live in the countryside. It begins by tracing the history of the relationship between homosexuality and rurality in fiction and film, paying particular attention to the role of rural utopias in the lesbian

  12. Inside Rural Pennsylvania: A Statistical Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

    Graphs, data tables, maps, and written descriptions give a statistical overview of rural Pennsylvania. A section on rural demographics covers population changes, racial and ethnic makeup, age cohorts, and families and income. Pennsylvania's rural population, the nation's largest, has increased more than its urban population since 1950, with the…

  13. A Review of the Definition of Rural.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosak, Jeanine; Perlman, Baron

    1982-01-01

    A review of 178 sources (articles, books, and other sources from 1971 through 1980, and frequently-cited earlier sources) on rural sociology and rural mental health indicated 4 major categories of definitions of rural: not explicitly stated, verbal (qualitative), homemade quantitative, and external quantitative. Sources were summarized as to…

  14. Promoting Regional Disaster Preparedness among Rural Hospitals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Janine C.; Kang, JungEun; Silenas, Rasa

    2008-01-01

    Context and Purpose: Rural communities face substantial risks of natural disasters but rural hospitals face multiple obstacles to preparedness. The objective was to create and implement a simple and effective training and planning exercise to assist individual rural hospitals to improve disaster preparedness, as well as to enhance regional…

  15. Graduate Medical Education and Rural Health Care.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Talley, Robert C.

    1990-01-01

    It is proposed that medical schools recruit students from rural areas, have them choose family practice, and train them in rural settings. Specific recommendations for improving content and context of rural medical care education are made, including merging internal medicine, family practice, and pediatrics as a single primary care specialty.…

  16. Southern Rural Education Association Journal, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulick, Chuck, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This journal contains the following articles pertaining to education in rural areas: (1) "The State of the Association" (William Peter) reviews the mission and progress of the Southern Rural Education Association; (2) "Arts Enrichment Programs in Middle Tennessee Rural Schools" (Howard Brahmstedt and Patricia Brahmstedt) describes how these…

  17. Risk Factors for Rural Residential Fires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allareddy, Veerasathpurush; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Yang, Jingzhen; Zwerling, Craig

    2007-01-01

    Context and Purpose: Rural households report high fire-related mortality and injury rates, but few studies have examined the risk factors for fires. This study aims to identify occupant and household characteristics that are associated with residential fires in a rural cohort. Methods: Of 1,005 households contacted in a single rural county, 691…

  18. Place Value: Experiences from the Rural Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nachtigal, Paul

    In 1993, Ambassador Walter Annenberg gave $500 million to address issues of school reform in the United States. A portion of this, known as the Rural Challenge, was dedicated to rural school reform. The four aspects of the Rural Challenge--a grants program, public policy initiative, public engagement effort, and large evaluation--provide a…

  19. A Demographic Profile of Pennsylvania's Rural Women.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

    Pennsylvania has the largest rural population in the nation, and more than 50 percent of this population is female. Overall, Pennsylvania's rural women are doing well in education, family life stability, and health, relative to comparison groups of rural men and urban women and men. Educational attainment is greater among urban women and men, but…

  20. Rural People in the American Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

    An initial report of the Economic Development Division analyzes rural America from a number of viewpoints: size and characteristics of the rural population, well-being of the rural population, ways of life and making a living, troubled areas, current economic changes, and future prospects. The publication deals briefly with the history of the…

  1. School Dropouts in Rural Colorado School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tombari, Martin; Andrews, Alex; Gallinati, Tina

    2009-01-01

    Dropouts from rural school districts have not received the same scrutiny as given to those from urban ones. The reasons behind this lack of knowledge about the experience of rural school districts with dropouts are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to begin to close this knowledge gap. A first major study of rural dropouts in the…

  2. Meeting Facility Needs in Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelps, Margaret S.; Peach, Larry E.; Reddick, Thomas L.

    Rural schools, in partnership with a solid base of supportive community citizens, can positively influence community vitality through expanded curricular and extracurricular offerings. This paper explores the ways in which rural communities can enhance education in their own towns. It discusses the characteristics of successful rural schools,…

  3. The Other Poor: Rural Poverty and Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Books, Sue

    1997-01-01

    This paper argues that rural poverty remains relatively invisible because, although shameful, it is profitable, and the rural poor pose little threat to their suburban neighbors. This is illustrated via interrogation concerning a rural poultry plant fire. The paper examines implications of this case for foundations scholars and educational…

  4. Exploring Rural Contexts with Digital Storytelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wake, Donna G.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes rural middle school students' exploration of their identity and their rural contexts through the vehicle of digital storytelling. Participants included 40 7th and 40 9th grade students at two rural schools in the Southeast United States. Students worked in shared writing groups to create digital stories expressing their…

  5. PRIORITIZING RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS Jolanda Prozzi

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin, University of

    0-4169-P3 PRIORITIZING RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS Authors: Jolanda Prozzi Rob Harrison Project 0-4169: Managing Rural Truck Traffic in Texas MARCH 2004 Performing Organization: Center for Transportation damage associated with major rural truck traffic generators in Texas. It was felt that given increased

  6. RURAL SOCIAL ORGANIZATION Sociology 4351, Spring 2007

    E-print Network

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    RURAL SOCIAL ORGANIZATION Sociology 4351, Spring 2007 Tuesdays and Thursdays, 1:40 ­ 3:00 6 Lockett __________________________________________________________________________________ COURSE DESCRIPTION This course provides an in-depth overview of the social organization of rural society. While the work of many rural sociologists is international in focus, this course will focus

  7. MPEPU RURAL YOUTH ENCOURAGEMENT (MRYE) OUTREACH INITIATIVE

    E-print Network

    MPEPU RURAL YOUTH ENCOURAGEMENT (MRYE) OUTREACH INITIATIVE Two of the five "hurdles" which the DST students at the University of Pretoria, all of whom came from disadvantaged rural backgrounds and were aware of the problems of poverty, poor education and deprivation facing these learners in the rural

  8. Safety Considerations When Driving on Rural Roads

    E-print Network

    Vivoni, Enrique R.

    Safety Considerations When Driving on Rural Roads Introduction Secondary roads in remote and/or rural areas may present hazardsthat drivers accustomed to travel on urbanand suburban roadways may not be aware of. This document describes hazards particular to unpaved and rural roads andrecommends safety

  9. Will Learning Social Inclusion Assist Rural Networks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchant, Jillian

    2013-01-01

    Current research on social networks in some rural communities reports continuing demise despite efforts to build resilient communities. Several factors are identified as contributing to social decline including globalisation and rural social characteristics. Particular rural social characteristics, such as strong social bonds among members of…

  10. MPEPU RURAL YOUTH ENCOURAGEMENT (MRYE) OUTREACH INITIATIVE

    E-print Network

    MPEPU RURAL YOUTH ENCOURAGEMENT (MRYE) OUTREACH INITIATIVE The MRYE outreach initiative, under engineering students at the University of Pretoria, all of whom came from disadvantaged rural backgrounds in the rural areas. We are pleased to report that students from other Faculties, including the Science

  11. Rural Public Transportation: An Instructional Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayden, Linda

    A concept-based introduction to rural public transportation is provided in this instructional module for undergraduate and graduate transportation-related courses for disciplines such as engineering, business, sociology, and technology. Rural public transportation involves systems in rural and small urban areas with populations under 50,000…

  12. Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed.

    This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural

  13. An Agenda for Studying Rural School Busing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Craig B.; Smith, Charles R.

    Researchers and other persons interested in promoting research about rural school busing met in Columbus, Ohio, in December 1998. Drawing on that meeting and the rural school literature, this report describes why school transportation is an important issue nationwide, explains the lack of research on rural school busing, proposes a research…

  14. Copreneurship in rural tourism: exploring women's experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jo Bensemann; C. Michael Hall

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The paper seeks to explore the experiences of owners of rural tourism accommodation businesses in New Zealand within the framework of copreneurship. It aims to examine roles within copreneurial rural tourism businesses and describes and evaluates women's experiences of entrepreneurship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The method of the research is a postal survey of rural tourism accommodation business owners complemented

  15. Career Patterns of Rural Female Educational Administrators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallin, Dawn; Sackney, Larry

    2003-01-01

    A study examined the impact of the rural context upon the careers of women educational administrators in Saskatchewan. Surveys and interviews with 24 female rural administrators indicated that the behavior and career patterns of rural female administrators were influenced by the organizational context of the school and its community. A new…

  16. Postsecondary and Adult Education in Rural Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spears, Jacqueline D.; Maes, Sue C.

    Approximately one-fourth of those involved in adult learning live in rural areas. A survey of programs serving rural adult learners reveals that no one educational provider or program seems best suited to provide services to rural communities. What successful providers have in common are programs which: (1) respond to a specific societal need, (2)…

  17. Rural Math Talent, Now and Then

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Craig B.; Showalter, Daniel; Klein, Robert; Sturgill, Derek J.; Smith, Michael A.

    2013-01-01

    This article interprets inequality evident at the intersection of three realms: (a) mathematical talent (as a cultural phenomenon); (b) rural place and rural life; and (c) future economic, political, and ecological developments. The discussion explains this outlook on inequality, contextualizes interest in rural mathematics education, presents the…

  18. Developing Rural Knowledge Indicators Prepared for

    E-print Network

    Levinson, David M.

    Developing Rural Knowledge Indicators Prepared for U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES) Fund for Rural America July 2003 Impresa of possible indicators of the presence of knowledge workers and knowledge-based industry clusters in rural

  19. Toward a Transdisciplinary Rural Education Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stapel, Christopher J.; DeYoung, Alan J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the representation of rural education research orientations--defined in terms of methodological approach, academic focus and place-consciousness--within the literature and across academic disciplines. A content analysis of 155 abstracts from articles published in the Journal of Research in Rural Education and Rural Sociology…

  20. Production, prices and poverty in rural India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ashwani Saith

    1981-01-01

    This paper challenges the view that increases in agricultural production have reduced poverty in rural India. Rural poverty is related directly to the consumer price index number for agricultural labourers, and inversely to agricultural production. The underlying time trend term indicates a residual rising trend in rural poverty after accounting for the influence of these two factors. There are plausible,

  1. Rural America in Passage: Statistics for Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilford, Dorothy M., Ed.; And Others

    The Panel on Statistics for Rural Development Policy was established to assess the current quality and availability of data for rural development policy--a more difficult task than might first appear. Until recent decades, rural development was commonly understood to be the development of agriculture. As science and technology transformed U. S.…

  2. Urban-Rural Education: "Relieving the Tension".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easley, Edgar M.

    As part of a panel on rural education, Dr. Edgar M. Easley spoke on the topic "Urban-Rural Education - Relieving the Tension". Based on findings from literature of adult migration to urban areas, Dr. Easley stated the following implications for adult education teachers and administrators: (1) that the tension found in rural migrants related to…

  3. 3, 49895018, 2003 Climatology of rural

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    three stations there is a characteristic sea-15 sonal variation of rural ozone concentrationsACPD 3, 4989­5018, 2003 Climatology of rural surface ozone in Greece P. D. Kalabokas and C. C and Physics Discussions A climatological study of rural surface ozone in central Greece P. D. Kalabokas and C

  4. XXIII ESRS Congress, Vaasa 2009 1 Working Group 2.5: Governing the Local? Rural Power, Rural Needs and Rural Policy

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    XXIII ESRS Congress, Vaasa 2009 1 Working Group 2.5: Governing the Local? Rural Power, Rural Needs and Rural Policy "Territorialisation, Return or Death of Agriculture in Rural Policies?", Esposito (A.) & Lajarge (R.) Territorialisation: Rebirth or Death of Agriculture in Rural Policies? Aurélien ESPOSITO

  5. Rural VOC's for Rural Folks: Vocational Education in the Country.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenfeld, Stuart A.

    Rural conditions influence the implementation and effect of vocational education policies dealing with funding, accessibility, economics, and local values. By law funding formulas must consider two criteria: relative district wealth, often determined by property values, which have a low correlation to median family income; and concentration of…

  6. Forgotten Places: Uneven Development in Rural America. Rural America Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyson, Thomas A., Ed.; Falk, William W., Ed.

    This book examines predominantly rural regions of the United States that lag behind the rest of the country in income, employment, access to services, and measures of education and health. Case studies of nine regions examine historical background; current economic and social conditions (including demography, educational attainment, and…

  7. Innovations in Rural Service Delivery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magel, Don; Price, Cheryl

    1979-01-01

    Describes an Arizona State School of Social Work training program which utilizes "Teaching Learning Centers" in four rural communities as places where students, community residents, agency personnel, and university faculty are working together to develop social service delivery systems responsive to the expressed needs and desires of each…

  8. Communication and Integrated Rural Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Information Center on Instructional Technology Report, 1976

    1976-01-01

    In discussing communication planning and integrated rural development, Philip H. Coombs, Manzoor Ahmed, and Pratima Kale of the International Council for Educational Development stress that communication planning must deal with problems in behavioral and not just technical terms. Communication planners must be able to work with experts from other…

  9. Sex Education in Rural Churches.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isberner, Fred R.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Describes Open Communication Teens or Parents Understanding Sexuality (OCTOPUS), rural teenage pregnancy prevention program. Program presented in religious setting to improve sexual attitudes and parent-child communication. Finds that participants generally gained in knowledge and self-assessment, but teenagers showed no improvement in attitude…

  10. Fire Protection for Rural Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagevig, William A.

    Fire protection in rural Alaskan communities depends on individual home fire prevention and protection rather than on the services offered by a centralized fire department. Even when help is summoned to extinguish a blaze, aid does not come in the form of a cadre of highly trained firefighters; it comes instead from whomever happens to be in the…

  11. Teacher Incentives in Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Daisy F.; Busby, Doris W.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the number and types of incentives offered to teachers in 67 rural schools in Virginia and examines effect on teacher recruitment and retention. Finds success in recruitment/retention directly related to the range of incentives and rewards. Notes most school districts offer no rewards to superior teachers. (LFL)

  12. Rural demand for drought insurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Madhur Gautam; Peter Hazell; Harold Alderman

    1994-01-01

    Many agricultural regions in the developing world are subject to severe droughts, which can have devastating effects on household incomes and consumption, especially for the poor. To protect consumption, rural households engage in many different risk management strategies - some mainly risk-reducing and some simply coping devices to protect consumption once income has been lost. An important limitation of these

  13. Bringing Dance to Rural Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Binder, Jude

    This paper describes the work of a teacher at the Heartwood Dance Center, a school of dance and related arts in rural Calhoun County, West Virginia. The teacher also conducts freelance workshops in local schools of the region, where people are isolated and incomes are generally low. The extent to which children are talented is partially dependent…

  14. Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cash, Terry

    2011-01-01

    For over two years the National Dropout Prevention Center (NDPC) at Clemson University has been supporting the Lower Kuskokwim School District (LKSD) in NW Alaska with their efforts to reduce high school dropout in 23 remote Yup'ik Eskimo villages. The Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP) provides school-based E-mentoring services to 164…

  15. Proposal: Rural Policy Studies Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleury, Stephen C.; Mallan, John T.

    A proposed project would develop a rural policy studies program for high school seniors in northern New York State. The program would deal with value positions as they pertain to the improvement of social conditions, use a variety of sources and kinds of knowledge, emphasize development and use of thinking skills, and concentrate on how knowledge…

  16. Crossing Divides: Ethnicity and Rurality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Askins, Kye

    2009-01-01

    This paper draws on research with people from African, Caribbean and Asian backgrounds regarding perceptions and use of the English countryside. I explore the complex ways in which the category "rural" was constructed as both essentialised "and" relational: how the countryside was understood most definitely as "not-city" but also, at the same…

  17. The State and Rural Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Warren; Cocklin, Chris

    1989-01-01

    Examines relations between the state and rural systems worldwide. Notes growing international concern for declining environmental quality, implying new imperatives for international cooperation. Relates these trends to state intervention's changing nature and alternative governance systems, political economy theory respecting family farms and…

  18. Reflections of a Rural Practitioner

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, Judi L.

    2010-01-01

    Some ethical dilemmas are more prevalent or more complicated to resolve in rural practice. In this practice note, I share some of the reflections that have helped me to unpack some of the ethical complications of overlapping relationships and objectivity, community pressure and integrity, generalist practice and competency, interdisciplinary…

  19. Educating for Sustainable Rural Futures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartholomaeus, Pam

    2013-01-01

    Classrooms and their pedagogy have historically been characterised by a disconnection from the community outside, and this trend is particularly problematic for rural schools (Bryden & Boylan, 2004; Corbett, 2006). There is reduced encouragement for teachers to connect classroom and community with the current focus on standardised testing,…

  20. Technological Tools for Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hofmeister, Alan M.

    Effective utilization of computer technology can help rural and small school administrators and teachers overcome problems of time, distance, sparsity in course offerings and support personnel, and unequal funding through facilitation of communication and through the potential to replicate quality instruction. Tools that have implications for…

  1. Using TDSi in Rural Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koenig, Darlene

    2010-01-01

    Jodi Fletcher is a teacher on special assignment in curriculum instruction and assessment for Falcon School District 49 in Colorado. Serving about 12,500 students across 16 schools, the district encompasses the northeastern portion of Colorado Springs and the rural area of Falcon. About 30 percent of students in the district are from military…

  2. The Principalship in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Alfred P.

    A review of relevant available literature divides the functions of rural principals into six categories (instruction/curriculum leadership, personnel guidance, school/community relations, administrative responsibilities, evaluation, professional improvement) and provides suggestions on helpful material for each. Recent research on principals and…

  3. Approaches to Rural Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornburg, Kathy R.; Scott, Jacqueline L.

    2006-01-01

    Three professional development approaches have shown promise in raising the competency level of early childhood professionals in rural areas. Provider registry systems gather information that provides a foundation for further professional development initiatives and systemic development. Statewide professional development systems designed to serve…

  4. The Rural Educator and Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keiper, Robert W.; Busselle, Kim

    1996-01-01

    A study of stress in 120 rural teachers in Whatcom County, Washington, revealed that time management issues were listed most frequently as the highest stress factor, followed by lack of administrative support, poor student motivation, and discipline. Salary levels and violence toward teachers were insignificant. Includes teachers' predictions of…

  5. The Sudan Rural Television Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Low, John

    1978-01-01

    Discusses a rural education program, which was implemented in the Gezira Irrigated Area (as defined with a map) in Sudan. The aim of the project was the socioeconomic development of the Gezira tenant farmers through discussion of specifically designed educational programs in village viewing clubs. (JEG)

  6. Nambour: The Model Rural School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brady, Tony

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the Rural Schools of Queensland. Starting with Nambour in 1917, the scheme incorporated thirty schools, and operated for over forty years. The rhetoric of the day was that boys and girls from the senior classes of primary school would be provided with elementary instruction of a practical character. In reality, the subjects…

  7. Rural Family Functioning. Bulletin 562.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Helen M.; Kuipers, Judith L.

    In a 1972 interview survey of 250 rural families in 2 East Tennessee counties, patterns of family functioning were shown to be directly related to economic level, husband's age, and husband's educational level. Within the sample population consisting of family households of 2 or more members, the mean age of husbands was 49, and of wives, 46. The…

  8. Rural system model for microlevel development

    SciTech Connect

    Devadas, V. [Indian Inst. of Tech., Kharagpur (India)

    1997-07-01

    A rural system model is presented for computing the output from various components of a rural system. This projection makes use of a set of technical coefficients that relate the inputs to and the outputs from individual segments of the rural production system. While some of the technical coefficients are based on previously published data, a very large number have been quantified on the basis of a careful survey of the rural segment of the Kanyakumari District. The usefulness of the model is illustrated by computing the rural system output. A rural system consumes energy in several forms, such as manual labor, animal power, crop residues, biomass, fuelwood, kerosene, diesel, electricity, chemical fertilizers, farmyard manure, and feeds. The rural system also produces energy in several forms, namely, manual labor, draft animal power, crop residues and other biomass, along with nutritional energy in the form of several farm products, fat, protein, etc.

  9. Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    The International Fund for Agricultural Development's 2001 report on rural poverty argues that to reduce poverty, international efforts must focus on "legally secure entitlements to assets (especially land and water); technology (above all for increasing the output and yield of food staples); access to markets; opportunities to participate in decentralized resource management; and access to microfinance." The extensive document is posted in .pdf format with the above address linking to its table of contents.

  10. Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality 

    E-print Network

    Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

    2013-07-16

    ? do and don?t do in Muskogee ..................................................... 155 1 CHAPTER I ?THE AMERICANS THAT I KNOW?: THE RURAL IMAGINARY AND SETTLER COLONIAL DISCOURSE boy, y?all were gonna get rain but you done... that uncritically assumes a traditionally white, male, middle-classed non-heterosexual subjectivity as the basis for its analysis. (Think, for example, of the shows Queer Eye for the Straight Guy and Will and Grace as the supposedly ?authentic? depictions of gay...

  11. Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vissing, Yvonne M.

    Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

  12. RATES OF INTEREST, CREDIT SUPPLY AND CHINA'S RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Enjiang Cheng; Zhong Xu

    2004-01-01

    By analyzing the data on the supply of rural credit, we find that official statistics have overstated the supply of institutional credit in rural China, as the supply of institutional credit as a proportion of rural deposits in China has actually plummeted after 1996. The decline in the supply of rural credit has impacted negatively on China's rural economic development,

  13. Agrarian Literature: Overlooked Source for Rural Teacher Preparation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theobald, Paul

    1988-01-01

    Argues that preparation for rural teaching should include a seminar focusing on the literature about rural schooling and rural community dynamics. Suggests a curriculum of agrarian literature to help the future rural teacher deal with xenophobia, differing aspirations, and common illusions about rural life. (DHP)

  14. Business Productivity and Area Productivity in Rural England

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Webber; Nigel Curry; Anthony Plumridge

    2009-01-01

    Webber D., Curry N. and Plumridge A. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England, Regional Studies. Rural area productivity and rural business productivity measure different things. This paper presents a empirical analysis of labour productivity differentials across the new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) definition of ‘rural’. Labour productivity is 21% (13%) lower in sparse (less

  15. Rural Health Care Providers in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, L. Gary; Salsberg, Edward; Phillips, Debra M.; Lishner, Denise M.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the rural physician shortage and related policy and research needs. Discusses geographic distribution of physicians, quality of rural care, rural recruitment and retention, rural residency training, factors in medical education affecting entry into rural practice, physician productivity and income, reimbursement, federal and state programs…

  16. The Perceived Importance of University Presence in Rural Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drummond, Aaron; Halsey, R. John; van Breda, Marja

    2011-01-01

    The present study investigated rural residents' perceived importance of university presence in rural, regional and remote Australia. The present data indicate that the presence of university in rural areas is perceived as highly important by both rural and urban citizens. Results indicate that rural residents perceive that there is a need for…

  17. `The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development: Europe

    E-print Network

    `The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development: Europe investing in rural areas'. FarmSafeNet is funded through the Northern Ireland Rural Development Programme and delivered through the Countryside for farming groups `The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development: Europe investing in rural areas

  18. Increasing Caring and Reducing Violence in Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroth, Gwen; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan

    This paper briefly reviews the literature on violence in rural schools and communities, as well as the causes of rural crime and violence. General demographic and economic characteristics of rural communities are listed, followed by facts on rural school enrollments, achievement, and funding. Recent changes in rural communities that might…

  19. Rural generalism and the Queensland Health pathway--implications for rural clinical supervisors, placements and rural medical education providers.

    PubMed

    Kitchener, Scott

    2013-01-01

    The lifeline for country medicine' was the description by the Rural Doctors Association of Australia of the Queensland Health Rural Generalist Pathway (RGP). The program promises to redress rural medical workforce issues in Queensland. It may fulfil these promises, but only with the support of rural clinical supervisors and medical educators adapting to new expectations of competencies, of training structure and endpoints of training. These adaptations will be a key element of the RGP success, particularly as other states adopt the approach. This article outlines the lessons learnt and adaptations made by clinical supervisors and medical educators in the Queensland Rural Medical Education group, to deliver the Rural Pathway of the Australian General Practice Training program since the first registrars identifying as RGP appeared in this program in 2006. PMID:23731088

  20. Summer Rural Externship (SRE) The Summer Rural Externship is a three-week rotation designed to reinforce student

    E-print Network

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Summer Rural Externship (SRE) Curriculum The Summer Rural Externship is a three-week rotation designed to reinforce student interest in rural practice and to prepare the student for their rural.001 1. General Description A. Course Title: Summer Rural Externship Course Length: Three Weeks (120

  1. New Directions for U.S. Rural Policy. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drabenstott, Mark

    Over 250 rural leaders attended the conference "Beyond Agriculture: New Policies for Rural America," held in Kansas City (Missouri) in April 2000. The conference began with an assessment of where the rural economy and rural policy are headed in the new century. Speakers suggested that the rural economy is likely to remain a mix of weakness and…

  2. Rural Girls’ Perceptions of Success and the Effect of Living in a Rural Context 

    E-print Network

    Campbell, Katherine S

    2014-06-05

    The aim of this study was to better understand how young women in a rural community define successful adulthood and how life in a rural area benefited or challenged their transition into successful adulthood. Non-probability, purposive sampling...

  3. Physician satisfaction with rural hospitals.

    PubMed

    Mackesy, R

    1993-01-01

    This study examines factors leading to physician satisfaction with small rural hospitals. Interviews were conducted with 122 rural physicians using a standardized survey instrument. The relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable, hospital satisfaction, are described and tested using chi-square and discriminant analysis. The findings of this study revealed that no demographic variables appeared in the chi-square, and only age appeared in the discriminant analysis. Practice factors impacting hospital satisfaction included practice satisfaction (both in the chi-square and discriminant analysis) and years at current location (only in the chi-square). Hospital-related factors affecting hospital satisfaction included administrative responsiveness (strongest association); administration accessibility, communication with administration, and nursing skill and knowledge in the chi-square; and administrative responsiveness, nursing skill and knowledge, and technology in the discriminant analysis. PMID:10128120

  4. Health Services and Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rural Housing Alliance, Washington, DC.

    Rural people lose more days of school and work due to illness than do urban people; have higher infant mortality rates, and have more work-related injuries, all of which are aggravated by lack of access to or even the absence of medical services. Lack of doctors is the most glaring problem (in 1973 there were 138 U.S. counties which had no…

  5. Institutional alternatives to the rural hospital

    PubMed Central

    Christianson, Jon B.; Moscovice, Ira S.; Wellever, Anthony L.; Wingert, Terence D.

    1990-01-01

    An important aspect of the ongoing debate on rural health policy is how to deliver inpatient care in sparsely populated rural areas. One alternative is to create a new classification of rural inpatient facility that would deliver more limited services than available in a rural hospital, have more flexibility in staffing requirements, and possibly be reimbursed differently. The support of the Health Care Financing Administration for the concept of a limited service rural hospital is critical, since such a facility would not be financially viable without Medicare payment. Several organizational and public policy issues that merit consideration in the design and implementation of institutional alternatives to rural hospitals are discussed, including licensure and certification, scope of services, personnel, quality assurance, and payment. PMID:10113274

  6. 4, 33593380, 2004 High ozone at rural

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 4, 3359­3380, 2004 High ozone at rural sites in India D. Chand and S. Lal Title Page Abstract Discussions High ozone at rural sites in India D. Chand1, 2 and S. Lal1 1 Physical Research Laboratory@mpch-mainz.mpg.de) 3359 #12;ACPD 4, 3359­3380, 2004 High ozone at rural sites in India D. Chand and S. Lal Title Page

  7. 7 CFR 23.4 - State Rural Development Advisory Council.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false State Rural Development Advisory Council...Agriculture STATE AND REGIONAL ANNUAL PLANS OF WORK...23.4 State Rural Development Advisory Council...of the State Rural Development Advisory Council will...under title V including regional programs...

  8. 7 CFR 23.4 - State Rural Development Advisory Council.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false State Rural Development Advisory Council...Agriculture STATE AND REGIONAL ANNUAL PLANS OF WORK...23.4 State Rural Development Advisory Council...of the State Rural Development Advisory Council will...under title V including regional programs...

  9. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

  10. 7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

  11. 42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

  12. 47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22...COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration....

  13. 7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Identified Rural Areas. 4290.130 Section 4290.130 Agriculture...of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  14. 7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Identified Rural Areas. 4290.130 Section 4290.130 Agriculture...of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  15. 7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49...Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a)...

  16. 7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49...Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a)...

  17. 7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Identified Rural Areas. 4290.130 Section 4290.130 Agriculture...of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  18. 42 CFR 405.2402 - Rural health clinic basic requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Rural health clinic basic requirements. 405...HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Rural Health Clinic and Federally Qualified Health Center Services § 405.2402 Rural health clinic basic requirements....

  19. 7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49...Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a)...

  20. 7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Identified Rural Areas. 4290.130 Section 4290.130 Agriculture...of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. 47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22...COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration....

  2. 47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22...COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration....

  3. 7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49...Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a)...

  4. 7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Identified Rural Areas. 4290.130 Section 4290.130 Agriculture...of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  5. 7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49...Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a)...

  6. 47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22...COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration....

  7. 78 FR 30848 - Inviting Applications for Rural Cooperative Development Grants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-23

    ...Applications for Rural Cooperative Development Grants AGENCY: Rural Business--Cooperative Service...SUMMARY: USDA announces the availability of grants through the Rural Cooperative Development Grant (RCDG) Program for Fiscal Year (FY)...

  8. 7 CFR 23.4 - State Rural Development Advisory Council.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false State Rural Development Advisory Council. 23.4...State Program § 23.4 State Rural Development Advisory Council. (a...University will appoint a State Rural Development Advisory Council with...

  9. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Financing rural development planning. 22.306 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will...

  10. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Financing rural development planning. 22.306 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will...

  11. 7 CFR 63.11 - Under Secretary for Rural Development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Under Secretary for Rural Development. 63.11 Section 63.11 Agriculture...Definitions § 63.11 Under Secretary for Rural Development. Under Secretary for Rural Development means the Under Secretary for...

  12. 7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State...

  13. 7 CFR 63.11 - Under Secretary for Rural Development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Under Secretary for Rural Development. 63.11 Section 63.11 Agriculture...Definitions § 63.11 Under Secretary for Rural Development. Under Secretary for Rural Development means the Under Secretary for...

  14. 7 CFR 23.4 - State Rural Development Advisory Council.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false State Rural Development Advisory Council. 23.4...State Program § 23.4 State Rural Development Advisory Council. (a...University will appoint a State Rural Development Advisory Council with...

  15. 7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State...

  16. 7 CFR 63.11 - Under Secretary for Rural Development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Under Secretary for Rural Development. 63.11 Section 63.11 Agriculture...Definitions § 63.11 Under Secretary for Rural Development. Under Secretary for Rural Development means the Under Secretary for...

  17. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Financing rural development planning. 22.306 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will...

  18. 7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Financing rural development planning. 22.306 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will...

  19. 7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State...

  20. 7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State...

  1. 7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State...

  2. 7 CFR 23.4 - State Rural Development Advisory Council.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false State Rural Development Advisory Council. 23.4...State Program § 23.4 State Rural Development Advisory Council. (a...University will appoint a State Rural Development Advisory Council with...

  3. Strengthening the Rural Carolinas: A Conceptual Framework for the Program for the Rural Carolinas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

    The Duke Endowment's Program for the Rural Carolinas is a 5-year effort to assist the revitalization of rural communities. Guiding principles of the program are that the rural Carolinas matter, this generation of workers matters, effective community development involves the entire community, solutions must be locally determined, healthy…

  4. A Bibliography on Rural Development in Tanzania. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kocher, James E.; Fleisher, Beverly

    Rural development is understood to mean both the increased productivity of agriculture and other rural economic activities and the enhancement of the material well-being of the rural people (who comprise about 90% of Tanzania's 16 million population) through education, improved health, and better nutrition. Seven hundred and sixty-one books,…

  5. Rural Schools, Rural Communities: An Alternative View of the Future. Keynote Address.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nachtigal, Paul M.

    The urbanization and industrialization of a society based on commercial competitiveness has resulted in the marginalization of rural communities and the disempowerment of rural people. An alternative view of the future is needed, and rural schools have a part to play in creating it. Four sets of forces are driving society toward a different…

  6. Is Isolation a Problem? Issues Faced by Rural Libraries and Rural Library Staff in South Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Rebecca; Calvert, Philip J.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this research was to investigate current issues faced by public library staff in rural South Australia and to examine some of the reasons why people choose to work in rural libraries. The study took a mixed methods approach, combining interviews and questionnaires to gain a fuller understanding of the issues and experiences of rural

  7. Teachers' Perceptions of Rural STEM Teaching: Implications for Rural Teacher Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodpaster, Kasey P. S.; Adedokun, Omolola A.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

    2012-01-01

    Rural school districts often struggle with attracting and retaining high-quality teachers, especially in science subject areas. However, little is known about STEM in-service teachers' lived experiences of rural teaching as they relate to retention. In this phenomenographical study, six rural in-service science teachers were interviewed regarding…

  8. Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

    Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

  9. Rural Libraries. A Forum for Rural Library Service. Volume XI, No. 1 and No. 2, 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheller, Rebekah, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    These volumes report on investigation, activities, and viewpoints related to rural library service. Topics covered are the role of rural libraries, the needs and characteristics of its users, the characteristics of its trustees, difference in operation and information service between rural and urban libraries, and the role of technology in helping…

  10. A Critique of "New" Rural Local Governance: The Case of Gender in a Rural Australian Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pini, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Over the past decade rural social scientists have demonstrated significant interest in documenting the new forms of governance emerging in rural and regional areas. However, little attention has been given to examining the gendered aspects of these new arrangements. This paper takes up the issue of gender and governance in rural areas by reporting…

  11. Strategic approaches to rural tourism and sustainable development of rural areas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. ŠIMKOVÁ

    2007-01-01

    The paper describes the role of rural tourism for the sustainable development of rural areas and stresses out the importance of strategic approach in the planning of their development. The author identifies core problems, which elimi - nate their use and disable individual strategies set by some entrepreneurs in rural tourism. Concretely it is the absence of developing projects and

  12. Differences in Child Care Quality in Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maher, Erin J.; Frestedt, Becki; Grace, Cathy

    2008-01-01

    This study examines rural differences in one important indicator of quality for licensed child care settings--the number of children per adult. It also investigates the relationships between cost of child care, child care subsidy receipt, and child care quality for both rural and non-rural areas. We used representative child care survey data…

  13. Two Rural Worlds: Differences of Rural High School Students' Motivational Profiles in Indiana and Colorado

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.; Hennessey, Maeghan N.

    2010-01-01

    This research examined how rural high school students' self-perceptions and environmental perceptions influence their engagement, expectations, and achievement, and how those relationships differ by geographic rural location. Participants were 224 students in four rural, public high schools in two U.S. states, Colorado and Indiana. Path models…

  14. The Restructuring of Local Government in Rural Regions: A Rural Development Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Douglas, D.J.A.

    2005-01-01

    Rural development is a multidimensional phenomenon. The political dimension, relating as it does to power, resources, accountability, priorities and choice, is a pivotal aspect of rural development. Local government is often the centrepiece of rural political systems. Interventions to reconfigure local government are therefore quintessentially…

  15. Children in Contemporary Society. IYC Series: Part IV. Rural Children and Rural Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frank, Mary, Ed.

    1980-01-01

    The contemporary rural population, comprising one-quarter of the nation's total, is diverse. Hence, no single label can be applied to its inhabitants, its families, or its children. This collection of articles, highlighted with drawings by five year old rural residents, describes adaptations to modern American life made by three types of rural

  16. Rural Policy and the New Regional Economics: Implications for Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quigley, John M.

    This paper discusses gross economic and demographic trends in rural and urban America during the past 30 years, the kinds of competitive advantages enjoyed by urban and rural regions, and insights offered by the new regional economics concerning exploitation of those advantages. The importance of agriculture has declined in rural areas, while that…

  17. Efficiency in the Most Rural States: Litigation Influencing Fiscal Policies toward Rural Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Randy J.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the nature of rural education and meanings of efficiency as seen in finance-litigation literature. Describes litigation in five rural states (Arkansas, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, West Virginia), highlighting interpretations of the "thorough and efficient" clause within these states' constitutions. Rural schools' small size and…

  18. Children's health in the rural environment.

    PubMed

    Cherry, Debra C; Huggins, Barbara; Gilmore, Karen

    2007-02-01

    The rural environment is not as wholesome as some might think. In fact, smoking, drinking, illicit drug use, and obesity are more prevalent in rural than in urban youngsters. Childhood mortality is higher in rural areas, with drowning, motor vehicle accidents, firearm injuries, and farm machinery accidents as the leading causes. Air and water quality are monitored less and actually may be worse in the country than in urban areas. This article describes children's health problems associated with the rural environment and provides a list of resources for addressing these problems. PMID:17306687

  19. Rural poverty dynamics: development policy implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher B. Barrett

    2005-01-01

    This article explores the useful distinction between chronic and transitory poverty in understanding rural welfare dynamics, highlighting the possibility of poverty traps and their implications for \\

  20. Changes in Veterinary Students' Attitudes Toward the Rural Environment and Rural Veterinary Practice: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Hashizume, Cary T; Woloschuk, Wayne; Hecker, Kent G

    2015-01-01

    There is a paucity of research regarding veterinary students' attitudes toward the rural environment and rural veterinary practice and how these attitudes might change over the course of a veterinary medicine program that includes rural clinical experience. Using a 23-item questionnaire, attitudes toward rural lifestyle, rural work-life balance, opportunities for career and skill development in rural veterinary practice, and inter-professional teamwork in the rural environment were assessed at the beginning and completion of a four-year veterinary medicine program. Eighty-six students (74.4% female) were included in this Canadian study over a six-year period. Thirty-one participants (36.1%) were rural students. Overall, students' attitudes toward the rural lifestyle, rural work-life balance, and inter-professional teamwork in rural veterinary practice all significantly decreased (p<.001) over the course of the program. As compared to urban students, rural students had significantly higher rural lifestyle scores at both the beginning (p<.001) and end (p<.01) of the veterinary medicine program. A less positive attitude toward living and working in a rural environment could influence students to exclude rural veterinary practice as a career choice. Rural clinical experiences designed to sustain or increase veterinary student interest in rural practice may not be sufficient to support positive rural attitudes. Given the demand for rural veterinary services in developed countries, the implications of this study may extend beyond Canada. PMID:25631883

  1. Securing Funding in Rural Programs for Young Handicapped Children. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garland, Corinne Welt, Comp.

    The problem of securing funds to support programs for the young handicapped child is a major one for rural service providers. The process of securing funds from within the rural community itself should include nine steps: (1) defining the needy; (2) determining responsibility; (3) identifying resources; (4) considering the message; (5) choosing…

  2. SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN FINANCING RURAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HORNBOSTEL, VICTOR O.

    SPARSITY OF POPULATION, A MIGRATORY POPULATION, AND AN ETHNIC POPULATION INFLUENCE THE RISING COSTS OF RURAL EDUCATION. AN IMPORTANT GOAL IN FINANCING RURAL EDUCATION IS TO PROVIDE LOCAL SCHOOL BOARDS WITH THE FLEXIBILITY NECESSARY TO MEET ANY FINANCIAL NEEDS THAT ARISE. LOCAL SCHOOL SUPPORT COMES MAINLY FROM PROPERTY TAX, STATE SCHOOL SUPPORT…

  3. Integrated Child Development in Rural China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xie, Qing; Young, Mary Eming

    Since two thirds of the country's children reside in the countryside, improving child development services in rural areas is one of China's most pressing concerns. This report details the current situation of children in rural and urban China and identifies problems related to child development. The report also presents evidence of the effect of…

  4. Returns to Education in Rural China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhao, Litao

    2007-01-01

    Based on one of the most widely used datasets by foreign-based sociologists, this paper examines the rate of returns to education in rural China. Compared with the previous studies that showed rather low rates in rural areas throughout the 1980s, this study finds a considerably higher rate in 1996. A chief contributor is the rapid non-agricultural…

  5. Occupational Awareness and the Rural Elementary Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rich, Nancy S.

    1978-01-01

    Reports results of a study conducted to determine the level of occupational knowledge of fourth, fifth, and sixth graders and the extent to which these levels are influenced by the rural community in which the students live. It was concluded that a career education program would provide more knowledge of non-local occupations to give rural

  6. Integrated rural energy decision support system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shaligram Pokharel

    1997-01-01

    Rural areas in developing countries face severe energy problems. At some places, this problem is addressed by ad-hoc policies, which in many instances lack continuity. The lack of both energy data and the capability to analyse energy options for a given planning area have been the primary causes for misrepresentation of rural energy problems. In this research, a systematic approach

  7. Rural Itinerant Manpower Services, 1978-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Charles

    The Rural Itinerant Manpower Services Project, a joint venture of Portable Practical Education Preparation, Inc. (PPED) and Arizona's Department of Economic Security (DES), is a modified mobile service delivery model. It seeks unsubsidized employment for and provides social services to Southern Arizona's migrant/seasonal farmworkers and rural poor…

  8. Systems for Implementing Rural Education Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heald, James E.

    On every continent and in virtually every sovereign nation, rural people are not nearly as well served by educational programs as their fellow countrymen who reside in urban centers. Those persons in governmental agencies who seek solutions to the problems of rural education are confronted by scattered student populations, hostile geography,…

  9. Women and Rural Development in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jing Lin

    1995-01-01

    This paper examines the important roles played by rural women in the development of China's local economy and provides an overview of the impact of the ongoing economic reform on their lives. The paper examines the active participation of women in the growing market economy, pinpoints the challenges that they confront, and discusses the function of non-formal education in rural

  10. Issues of China's rural development and policies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiwen Chen

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – China's economic and social structure are changing quickly since the start of the new century and how to balance the urban-rural development has become a key point of the further development of the whole economy. Based on a brief review of rural policies since the new century, the paper aims to investigate whether these policies are successful and

  11. Improving Rural Teachers' Attitudes towards Acceleration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olthouse, Jill M.

    2015-01-01

    Gifted students see both educational benefits and barriers as a result of living in rural communities. Benefits include increased individual attention and community engagement; barriers include limited curricular options (Lawrence, 2009). Acceleration is an option that has positive academic outcomes but is underused, especially in rural areas.…

  12. Rural and Urban Teaching Experiences: Narrative Expressions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, Jane P.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative exploration of rural and urban teaching experiences encapsulates the experiences of 8 Western Canadian teachers. A literature review outlines the benefits and challenges of rural and urban education. Stemming from narrative inquiry data, I present the study's results in the form of two composite stories, which depict the lived…

  13. Rural Poverty & Education: A Foundational Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Books, Sue

    In 1991, after 25 workers died in a fire in a rural North Carolina poultry-processing plant, reporters exposed the exploitation that workers had endured and the company's callous disregard for workers' safety. This paper draws on the story of the fire and its victims to challenge some popular assumptions about poverty in general; rural poverty in…

  14. Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Ellis

    1998-01-01

    This article reviews the recent literature on diversification as a livelihood strategy of rural households in developing countries, with particular reference to sub?Saharan Africa. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. The determinants and effects

  15. Environmental Scanning Practices for Rural Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedel, Janice Nahra; Lapin, Joel D.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the importance of environmental scanning in the planning efforts of rural community colleges. Reviews basic techniques and terminology and suggests sources of data. Argues that environmental scanning allows rural colleges to inexpensively forecast change, identify implications for the organization, and plan preferred responses to shape…

  16. Rural Policy in a New Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall, Ray

    Past rural policies are reviewed, noting the effects of globalization and information technology. Rural business profits can be maximized by direct cost or value-added competition, but cost competition limits the development of productive capacity and leads to unequal income distribution. In contrast, value-added competition could create steep…

  17. Summer Programming in Rural Communities: Unique Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Ruthellen; Harper, Stacey; Gamble, Susan

    2007-01-01

    During the past several decades, child poverty rates have been higher in rural than in urban areas, and now 2.5 million children live in deep poverty in rural America. Studies indicate that poor children are most affected by the typical "summer slide." Summer programming has the ability to address the issues of academic loss, nutritional loss, and…

  18. Rural School Children Picturing Family Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Lange, Naydene; Olivier, Tilla; Geldenhuys, Johanna; Mitchell, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    Rurality is an active agent and central to the lived experiences of children growing up on a farm and attending a farm school. It is a key to their everyday experiences, and influences family life, schooling and their future. Previous studies elsewhere in the world have explored the notion of childhood in rural contexts, but there is a dearth of…

  19. A LOCATION THEORY FOR RURAL SETTLEMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN C. HUDSON

    1969-01-01

    A theory of rural settlement location is proposed which will explain changes in settlement distribution over time. A series of spatial processes similar to those found in plant ecology studies are postulated for rural settlement. There are three phases: Colonization, by which the occupied territory of a population expands; spread, through which settlement density increases with a tendency to short

  20. Midwestern Rural Adolescents' Oral Sex Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; Ward, Britney L.; Welch, Philip J.

    2011-01-01

    Background: This study examined the prevalence of oral sexual activity in rural Midwestern adolescents. We also examined the correlates of a series of risk behaviors with oral sexual activity. Methods: A questionnaire based on the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was distributed to 2121 rural middle and high school students in grades 6-12…

  1. Urban-Rural Differences in Job Satisfaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fossum, John A.

    1974-01-01

    In an experimental study of job satisfaction, 74 women, equally divided between urban and rural backgrounds, were hired to perform a repetitive clerical task for three hours. Tests showed no significant differences in task performance; however, rural subjects were found to be more satisfied with the task and pay than urban subjects. (DS)

  2. Aging in Italy: Urban–rural differences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fiorella Marcellini; Cinzia Giuli; Cristina Gagliardi; Roberta Papa

    2007-01-01

    Urban and rural living environments play a key role in social gerontology. The aim of this paper is to examine urban–rural differences in Italy against some influencing key factors as well as to analyse whether these differences can be explained by the environmental setting or the age and, in some cases, the education of its elderly population. The study is

  3. Skill Development for Volunteering in Rural Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilpatrick, Sue; Stirling, Christine; Orpin, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the skills required of volunteers in the voluntary sector organisations that operate in three rural Tasmanian communities. It reports how volunteers acquire those skills and reveals the challenges faced by voluntary sector organisations in rural communities whose industries and, following from this, community members have a…

  4. Typology of Leisure of Rural People.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

    Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

  5. Energy Use and Concerns of Rural Nebraskans

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Miguel A. Carranza; Bruce Johnson; David J. Peters

    2008-01-01

    Energy prices have steadily increased during the past year. Rural residents are now faced with higher costs to drive and heat and cool their homes. Given these conditions, how much of a problem have rising energy costs been for rural Nebraskans? What are their opinions on future energy sources? What changes have they made or do they plan to make

  6. Applications of Technology in Rural School Facilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Dennis

    Rural schools often have difficulty in developing and implementing a 21st century, K-12 technology plan. This report describes one rural school district's (Wayne, Nebraska) successful efforts at technology integration. It discusses the efforts of installing 25 networked computers in the local high school, linking buildings with fiber-optic cables,…

  7. Rural Education in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClurkin, W. D.

    Rural education is described in this paper in terms of its progress and problems. Among the problems, it is noted that money available on a competitive basis is generally out of reach of the rural school because of the lack of time and talent needed to obtain the funds. Teachers are often undertrained, holding "Life Certificates" earned with less…

  8. NATIONAL SURVEY OF RURAL HEALTH CLINICS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The National Survey of Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) was conducted as an effort to obtain up-to-date on the characteristics and operations of RHCs nationally and the federal Office of Rural Health Policy commissioned this survey of RHCs. The RHC Program is one of the oldest health ...

  9. Building Business Awareness in Rural New York.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Jean; Drake, Robert; Huber, Candace; Powers, Betty; Reuland, Kris

    Half of New York State's 50 school-to-work (STW) programs are in rural areas. Following background on the development of New York's STW initiative, this paper describes four programs that are overcoming rural barriers to building an STW system. The GLOW Partnership addressed a primary concern of business partners: over-saturation of the limited…

  10. Reaching Rural Handicapped Children: The Transportation Situation in Rural Service Delivery. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Jamie; And Others

    Almost everyone who responded to three transportation surveys of rural Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) projects identified transportation as a critical problem in the delivery of services to handicapped children in rural areas. Transportation problems encountered were attributed to environmental/geographic factors,…

  11. Poverty and Rural Schools. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Howard

    2009-01-01

    Impoverished populations and schools in rural areas face special challenges that are different from other settings. Among these are the distances from social services, the sparse availability of assistance programs, and the shortage of resources to support educational programs and student learning. Rural schools, do, however, have assets that can…

  12. Keeping Rural Schools up to Full Speed

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beesley, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Rural schools are long accustomed to meeting challenges in innovative ways. For them, the challenge is not so much a lack of technology as it is adequate internet access, which affects both teachers and students. In this article, the author discusses how to keep rural schools up to full speed. The author suggests that the best approach when…

  13. Rural Middle School Students' Perceptions of Bullying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Jonte' C.

    2009-01-01

    The present study is an examination of bullying perceptions by rural middle school students. Three rural middle schools participated in the study which involved 138 students completing The School Bullying Survey to determine their experiences with bullying by types and the overall school climate as it relates to bullying behavior. Results from…

  14. Nonformal Continuing Education in Rural Brazil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chesterfield, Ray; Schutz, Paulo

    1978-01-01

    The authors describe a nonformal adult vocational education program developed in Rio Grande do Sul, a rural Brazilian state, which offers in-school vocational education as well as adult continuing education. Truck trailers with vocational equipment and trained personnel visit rural communities to provide learning experiences both in and out of the…

  15. Using Cooperatives to Transport Rural Passengers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stommes, Eileen S.; Byrne, Robert J.

    A study of two rural New York counties--Cortland and Otsego--was undertaken to identify innovative ways to provide public passenger transportation services in rural areas by using transportation cooperatives. Information about current transportation services was obtained from staff members of the human service agencies and county government…

  16. Attracting and retaining doctors in rural Nepal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PR Shankar; Shankar PR

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: In Nepal, a number of private sector medical schools have opened recently; although sufficient numbers of doctors are graduating there continues to be a doctor shortage in rural areas. This article analysed the rural doctor shortage in Nepal and reviewed the international literature for strategies that may be suitable for use in Nepal. Methods: Original research articles, reviews, magazine

  17. Job Displacement and the Rural Worker.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Podgursky, Michael

    High rates of unemployment in rural areas poses questions as what education can do with the problem. This report examines the effects of rural American economies as they grow away from agriculture and toward dependence on manufacturing and service industries. Using data from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics' Displaced Worker Survey, the…

  18. Women's Status in a Rural Chinese Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Jianghong

    2005-01-01

    This study extends the literature by identifying two new dimensions of rural women?s status (husband?s housework sharing and women?s exposure to the larger world, in addition to power and autonomy) based on rich information from a representative sample of 1.062 childbearing women in rural Yunnan, China. It utilizes linear structural relations…

  19. Developing a Rural Teacher Education Curriculum Package

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Simone; Kline, Jodie

    2012-01-01

    This paper documents the development of a new website (www.rrrtec.net.au) specifically designed to better equip teacher educators to prepare graduates to teach in rural and regional communities. The two year study (2009-2011) that informed the website's creation included three data sources: A literature review of research into rural teacher…

  20. IMPACTOS DO CRÉDITO RURAL NO BRASIL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivia Bertoche Gryzagoridis; Leo da Rocha Ferreira

    2008-01-01

    O principal objetivo desta comunicaçăo é relatar o andamento de uma pesquisa sobre o impacto da política de crédito rural concedido a produtores rurais e cooperativas no Brasil. Com este propósito, foram utilizados dados sobre o valor e alocaçăo dos financiamentos concedidos pelo Sistema Nacional de Crédito Rural (SNCR). A análise é feita em termos regionais, por finalidade, atividade, e

  1. POTENCIALIDADE DO SEGURO RURAL NO BRASIL

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Lucia Carvalho Jardim; Leo da Rocha Ferreira

    2008-01-01

    O objetivo desta comunicaçăo é relatar o andamento de uma pesquisa que visa avaliar a eficięncia econômica de programas de seguro rural no contexto brasileiro, usando como base o atual projeto do governo de criaçăo do Fundo de Catástrofe. A potencialidade do seguro rural no Brasil é discutida e avaliada tendo como pano de fundo a atual política agrícola brasileira,

  2. Networks — a new paradigm of rural development?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Murdoch

    2000-01-01

    The network concept has become widely utilised in socioeconomic studies of economic life. Following the debates around exogenous and endogenous development, networks may also have particular utility in understanding diverse forms of rural development. This paper assesses whether networks provide a new paradigm of rural development. It seeks to capture a series of differing perspectives on economic networks — including

  3. Technology Needs of Rural School Psychologists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wise, Paula Sachs; Cruise, Tracy K.; Kelly, Ruth M.

    2000-01-01

    A survey of 71 rural Illinois school psychologists examined the frequency of their professional contacts, their level of computer knowledge, and their access to technology. Results indicate that although rural school psychologists serve an average of 1,620 students, practice in an average of 5.5 schools, and work for 2.2 school districts,…

  4. Rural Medical Education: Review of the Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curran, Vernon R.; Bornstein, Stephen; Jong, Michael; Fleet, Lisa

    2004-01-01

    (Purpose) This report summarizes a synthesis of the literature related to the evidence, initiatives and approaches to rural/northern medical education, particularly its role in strengthening the medical workforce in rural areas. (Methodology) A literature review was conducted involving the literature databases MEDLINE (January 1990-March 2003),…

  5. Continuing Education for Rural Hospital Nurses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Nancy; Pickard, Myrna R.

    1979-01-01

    Describes a rural outreach program to provide continuing education in nursing practice to all levels of nursing personnel in rural hospitals. Covers difficulties in planning and implementing the programs and the steps taken to explain the program philosophy and gain the trust of hospital adminstration and staff. (MF)

  6. Telepsychiatry for Treating Rural American Indian Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savin, Daniel; Garry, Mark T.; Zuccaro, Paula; Novins, Douglas

    2006-01-01

    Of all of the medical specialties, child and adolescent psychiatry has the most severe shortage of practitioners. This shortage is even more pronounced in economically disadvantaged and rural areas. The American Indian population is younger, more economically disadvantaged, and more rural than the general U.S. population (United States Census…

  7. Disadvantage and Poverty in Rural Scotland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McSwan, David

    1996-01-01

    A 1993 survey of 500 households in rural Scotland, followed by 120 interviews, found that poverty was widespread; subjective assessments of poverty contradicted objective definitions in that people were satisfied with rural life; acceptance of government benefits was low; rental housing was scarce; employment opportunities were limited, especially…

  8. Rural Education Directory: Organizations and Resources, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burczyk, Charlotte, Comp.; Dawson, Cindy, Comp.; Hammer, Patricia Cahape, Comp.; Mays, Janet, Comp.; Moellendick, Joseph, Comp.

    This directory contains brief descriptions and contact information for organizations, agencies, and publications related to rural education. Mindful of the wide variety of issues impacting rural schools and related information needs, the directory includes national associations, research and training centers, health organizations, publishers,…

  9. Rural migration in southern Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    Mosser, D.; Soden, D.L.

    1993-08-01

    This study reviews the history of migration in two rural counties in Southern Nevada. It is part of a larger study about the impact of a proposed high-level nuclear waste repository on in- and out-migration patterns in the state. The historical record suggests a boom and bust economic cycle has predominated in the region for the past century creating conditions that should be taken into account by decision makers when ascertaining the long-term impacts of the proposed repository.

  10. Cogeneration opportunities in rural areas

    SciTech Connect

    Noon, R.; Hochstetler, T.

    1981-01-01

    Five papers report the opportunities for using waste heat from municipal power plants and pipeline pumping stations or biogas from animal wastes in cogeneration projects suitable for the rural areas of Kansas. The papers address economical and convenient ways to supply process energy for ethanol production using waste heat from an internal combustion engine powerplant, using waste heat to dry small grains in Kansas, the application of cogeneration concepts to farm biogas energy systems, a survey of the potential of using power plant waste heat for kiln drying wood, and an emerging cogeneration technology using waste heat from natural gas pumping stations to produce electricity.

  11. Recruiting and Retaining Physicians in Very Rural Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pepper, Carolyn M.; Sandefer, Ryan H.; Gray, Matt J.

    2010-01-01

    Context: Recruiting and retaining physicians is a challenge in rural areas. Growing up in a rural area and completing medical training in a rural area have been shown to predict decisions to practice in rural areas. Little is known, though, about factors that contribute to physicians' decisions to locate in very sparsely populated areas. Purpose:…

  12. Rural Communities: Human and Symbolic Capital Development, Fields Apart.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkin, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Considers the nature of rurality as a social construct and implications for policymakers considering lifelong education in developed economies of the world. Discussion focuses on three key questions: (1) what is rurality?; (2) what effect has rurality on cultural identity; and (3) what are rural and urban young people's perceptions of formal…

  13. Digital Development in Rural Areas: Potentials and Pitfalls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malecki, Edward J.

    2003-01-01

    Data on rural-urban differences in access to telecommunications technology suggest that the U.S. "digital divide" is diminishing. However, major shortcomings in telecommunications infrastructure persist in rural America, and more serious barriers to rural development are related to human capital shortages. These may be resolved in some rural areas…

  14. FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China. It is largely restricted the new rural construction and the social harmonious development of villages and towns

  15. State Council Resolutions on Further Strengthening Rural Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chinese Education and Society, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Several resolutions on strengthening work in rural education have been made in order to accelerate development of rural education in China, deepen reform of rural education, guarantee a well-off society, and harmonize rural and urban development. This article presents a detailed plan of actions for each resolution. The resolutions are enumerated…

  16. Rural teens at high risk for pregnancy, analysis finds

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    , the decline was 43%, from 60 per 1,000 teen girls to 34. - Rural counties account for one in five teen births; only 16% of teen girls live in rural counties. - The teen birth rate is higher in rural counties thanRural teens at high risk for pregnancy, analysis finds Michelle Healy, USA TODAY4:39a.m. EST

  17. Rural Adult Learners: An Emerging Clientele for Continuing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bruce

    Since 1975 a reverse in rural to urban migration has created an increasing population of rural adults who require the availability of continuing education programs; 28.8 % of the population now resides in rural areas. Although characteristics of urban and rural populations differ significantly, both have similar continuing education needs. In…

  18. Rural Stop-Controlled Intersection Decision Support Systems

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Rural Stop-Controlled Intersection Decision Support Systems Janet Creaser HumanFIRST Program ITS Institute University of Minnesota www.humanfirst.umn.edu #12;Outline Problem Rural stop Evaluation Simulator evaluation Conclusions #12;Rural Stop-Controlled Intersections #12;The Problem Rural

  19. Rural Medicine Program You Can Make a Difference

    E-print Network

    Tam, Tin-Yau

    Rural Medicine Program You Can Make a Difference Setting Out to Meet the Needs of Alabama's RuralConcourse Auburn,AL36849-5319 2007-2008 Auburn university rurAl Medicine students (from left) Helen Hammond, Jeremy Thompson, Ty Ashley, Ashley Carter, Matthew Caldwell, David Johnson "Practicing medicine in a rural

  20. Rural Studies Program Hunger in Oregon Since the Great Recession

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    Rural Studies Program Hunger in Oregon Since the Great Recession Snehalatha Gantla and Mark Edwards School of Public Policy and the Rural Studies Program Oregon State University February 2014 Rural Studies,018 n=132,018 Geography Oregon's rural and urban hunger rates appear to be about the same right after

  1. Rural Community Colleges Developing Perceptions of Self-Identity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael T.; Tuttle, Courtney C.

    2006-01-01

    Rural America, in direct competition with growing suburban and urban America, has struggled to maintain a high quality of life. Rural out-migration levels are high, as are poverty and illiteracy rates. Rural community colleges have worked to defend and expand opportunities in rural settings, yet face their own challenges tied to resources,…

  2. Improving Rural Cancer Patients' Outcomes: A Group-Randomized Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Thomas E.; Elliott, Barbara A.; Regal, Ronald R.; Renier, Colleen M.; Haller, Irina V.; Crouse, Byron J.; Witrak, Martha T.; Jensen, Patricia B.

    2004-01-01

    Significant barriers exist in the delivery of state-of-the-art cancer care to rural populations. Rural providers' knowledge and practices, their rural health care delivery systems, and linkages to cancer specialists are not optimal; therefore, rural cancer patient outcomes are less than achievable. Purpose: To test the effects of a strategy…

  3. Sources of Inequities in Rural America: Implications for Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fujimoto, Isao; Zone, Martin

    The paper identifies the basic factors affecting rural development and the social consequences of rural policies and structural changes in agriculture; it also suggests research areas relating some of these factors to what is happening in America's rural communities. Data sources such as congressional hearings, rural sociologists' critiques,…

  4. Targeting the Rural Poor: The Role of Education and Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasperini, Lavinia; Maguire, Charles

    Over 70 percent of the world's poor live in rural areas, and most of these people are illiterate and undernourished. This paper calls for the international donor community and developing nations to combine for an all-out assault on rural poverty, and presents a proposal for education for sustainable rural development. Education for rural

  5. Rural and Remote Professional Practice Placements for Children's Studies Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackiewicz, Stephanie; Brockman, Kristen; Lincoln, Rosa

    A graduate children's-studies course at Edith Cowan University in Western Australia implemented a rural and remote practicum to expose students to the special needs of children and families in rural communities. Many graduates will eventually work in the country, and prospective rural employers look for graduates with experience in rural settings.…

  6. Rural-Specific Concerns and Strategies in the Budget Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Jerry; Malhoit, Greg; Shope, Shane

    2012-01-01

    Nationally, rural students represent about a quarter of all students attending public school; nearly a third of all schools are located in rural areas. Those rural schools and students have a number of unique characteristics and needs. For example, the smaller size of many rural schools and districts can sometimes lead to per-pupil expenditures…

  7. "Deprivation" and "the Rural": An Investigation into Contradictory Discourses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodward, Rachel

    1996-01-01

    Rural respondents in the (English) Rural Lifestyles Project frequently denied rural "deprivation" through representations of rural areas as problem-free and idyllic, portrayals of deprivation as an individual fault, and constructions of deprivation as an urban feature. Argues that normative constructions of "deprivation" obscure lived experience…

  8. Rural tourism and visitors' expenditures for local food products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitris Skuras; Efthalia Dimara; Anastasia Petrou

    2006-01-01

    Skuras D., Dimara E. and Petrou A (2006) Rural tourism and visitors' expenditures for local food products, Regional Studies40, 769–779. European rural development policy has supported the production of local and regionally denominated food as a means to differentiate agricultural production, and rural tourism as a means to diversify rural employment. The aim of the present work is to address

  9. Experience for Sustainable Development of Rural Energy in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. L. Wallace; H. Wu; Z. Y. Wang

    É Abstract: China has made great progress in the past 20 years in lifting rural populations out of poverty and in providing modern services such as access to electricity to remote rural villages and households. Still more than 20 million rural farmers and herdsmen in more than 20,000 villages remain unelectrified. Increasingly, the concept of sustainable rural energy and economic

  10. Urban-Rural Disparities in Injury Mortality in China, 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hu, Guoqing; Baker, Susan P.; Baker, Timothy D.

    2010-01-01

    Context: Urban-rural disparity is an important issue for injury control in China. Details of the urban-rural disparities in fatal injuries have not been analyzed. Purpose: To target key injury causes that most contribute to the urban-rural disparity, we decomposed total urban-rural differences in 2006 injury mortality by gender, age, and cause.…

  11. Postgraduate Medical Education for Rural Family Practice in Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rourke, James T. B.

    2000-01-01

    To produce more rural physicians, the College of Family Physicians of Canada recommends providing earlier and more extensive rural medicine experience for all undergraduate medical students, developing rural postgraduate training programs, providing third-year optional special and advanced rural family-medicine skills training, and making advanced…

  12. Rural Health Care Delivery: Hard Times, Hard Changes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Judith

    Rural America is undergoing rapid and confusing change which impacts on the role of rural health educators and practitioners. Although rural life has been romanticized, rural areas have emergencies and accidents remote from professional assistance, occupational diseases, high infant and maternal mortality rates, and the same high incidence of…

  13. Gender and Rural Employment: A View from Latin America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ballara, Marcela

    2007-01-01

    The paper focuses on women employment in rural areas and its impacts in food security. The presentation includes data on rural women employment and its different labour strategies: temporary work, non agriculture rural employment and permanent rural employment. Poverty alleviation and its impact on families as well as implications in the economic…

  14. America's Forgotten Children: Child Poverty in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nadel, Wendy; Sagawa, Shirley

    This report draws on research, statistics, and the voices of rural young people to document the extent and causes of rural child poverty, and related problems and reasons for hope in specific focus areas. About 2.5 million rural children are chronically poor. Rural poverty is concentrated in central Appalachia, the deep South, the U.S.-Mexican…

  15. DENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR RURAL YOUTH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DONNELLY, CHARLES J.

    ALTHOUGH DENTAL PROBLEMS ARE COMMON IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS, RURAL CHILDREN SEEM TO HAVE MORE DIFFICULTIES. THE REASONS FOR THIS APPEAR TO BE THAT THERE ARE FEWER DENTISTS PER CAPITA IN RURAL AREAS, AND THAT THE RURAL CHILD IS USUALLY EXPOSED TO A WATER SYSTEM LACKING FLUORIDATION, WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF ADMINISTERING FLUORIDES.…

  16. Recruiting medical students to rural practice

    PubMed Central

    Jutzi, Leah; Vogt, Kelly; Drever, Erin; Nisker, Jeff

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To explore the strategies used by rural recruitment programs and their perceived influence on medical students. DESIGN Two original questionnaires delivered electronically, one to medical students and the other to recruiters in rural Ontario communities. SETTING Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS All 525 medical students enrolled in the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Western Ontario in London and physician recruiters in 71 rural communities in Ontario were invited to participate in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The factors that influence medical students to consider rural practice, strategies used by recruiters, and student perceptions of the ethical appropriateness of both. RESULTS The questionnaire was completed by 42.1% of medical students. Lifestyle considerations were an important influence for 93.1% of students. Themes from the qualitative analysis included the ethical appropriateness of financial considerations, economic forces, perceived disadvantages of rural practice, competition between communities, and lack of altruism. Responses were received from recruiters in 43.7% of communities; of those, 92.9% offered financial incentives to attract prospective physicians. CONCLUSION Financial and lifestyle considerations are important influences on medical students’ choice to practise in rural communities. Most medical students felt incentive programs offered by rural communities were ethically appropriate. PMID:19155375

  17. 50 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart E of... - Northern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  18. 50 CFR Figure 2 to Subpart E of... - Southern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  19. 50 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart E of... - Prince William Sound Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  20. 50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  1. 50 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart E of... - Northern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  2. 50 CFR Figure 2 to Subpart E of... - Southern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

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  3. 50 CFR Figure 5 to Subpart E of... - Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna, and Kenai Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  4. 50 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart E of... - Prince William Sound Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  5. 50 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart E of... - Prince William Sound Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  6. 50 CFR Figure 5 to Subpart E of... - Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna, and Kenai Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  7. 50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  8. 50 CFR Figure 2 to Subpart E of... - Southern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  9. 50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  10. 50 CFR Figure 4 to Subpart E of... - Prince William Sound Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  11. 50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  12. 50 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart E of... - Northern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

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  13. 50 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart E of... - Northern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  14. 50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  15. 50 CFR Figure 5 to Subpart E of... - Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna, and Kenai Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

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  16. 50 CFR Figure 3 to Subpart E of... - Northern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

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  17. 50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

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  18. 50 CFR Figure 5 to Subpart E of... - Anchorage, Matanuska-Susitna, and Kenai Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

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  19. 50 CFR Figure 2 to Subpart E of... - Southern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

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  20. 50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

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    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

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  3. 50 CFR Figure 2 to Subpart E of... - Southern Southeast Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

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  4. 50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

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  5. Graphing Calculators and Learning Styles in Rural and Non-Rural High Schools. Working Paper No. 23

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alfonso, Zully; Long, Vena

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine rural and non-rural students in order to understand similarities and differences between their learning styles and the ease with which they learned Algebra with a graphic calculator. Two samples of students, one from a rural high school and one from a non-rural one, answered a survey asking about their…

  6. A Comparison of Mental Health, Substance Use, and Sexual Risk Behaviors Between Rural and Non-Rural Transgender Persons

    PubMed Central

    HORVATH, KEITH J.; IANTAFFI, ALEX; SWINBURNE-ROMINE, REBECCA; BOCKTING, WALTER

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the mental health, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors of rural and non-rural transgender persons. Online banner advertisements were used to recruit 1,229 self-identified rural and non-rural transgender adults (18+ years) residing in the United States. Primary findings include significant differences in mental health between rural and non-rural transmen; relatively low levels of binge drinking across groups, although high levels of marijuana use; and high levels of unprotected sex among transwomen. The results confirm that mental and physical health services for transgender persons residing in rural areas are urgently needed. PMID:24380580

  7. Una poeta, una dramaturga y un director uruguayos

    E-print Network

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1999-04-01

    , y en presencia de su madre. Esta mujer de noche se encerraba a escribir esa poesía erótica desenfrenada y la publica en vida, ˇimagínate vos! No fue una poesía que se conoció después de la muerte de la poeta. Una muchacha de la buena sociedad...

  8. 75 FR 17121 - Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-05

    ...Service Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants; Correction AGENCY: Rural Business--Cooperative Service, USDA. ACTION...2010, inviting applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants. The document contained...

  9. 78 FR 34978 - Amendment to Notice of Funding Availability for the Rural Energy for America Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-11

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Business-Cooperative Service Amendment to Notice of Funding Availability for the Rural Energy for America Program AGENCY: Rural Business-Cooperative Service, USDA....

  10. 7 CFR 1744.203 - Establishing amount of rural development investment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...false Establishing amount of rural development investment. 1744.203 ...203 Establishing amount of rural development investment. For purposes of determining whether a rural development investment is within...

  11. 7 CFR 1744.203 - Establishing amount of rural development investment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...false Establishing amount of rural development investment. 1744.203 ...203 Establishing amount of rural development investment. For purposes of determining whether a rural development investment is within...

  12. 7 CFR 1744.203 - Establishing amount of rural development investment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...false Establishing amount of rural development investment. 1744.203 ...203 Establishing amount of rural development investment. For purposes of determining whether a rural development investment is within...

  13. 7 CFR 1744.203 - Establishing amount of rural development investment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...false Establishing amount of rural development investment. 1744.203 ...203 Establishing amount of rural development investment. For purposes of determining whether a rural development investment is within...

  14. 7 CFR 1744.203 - Establishing amount of rural development investment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...false Establishing amount of rural development investment. 1744.203 ...203 Establishing amount of rural development investment. For purposes of determining whether a rural development investment is within...

  15. Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey

    SciTech Connect

    Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

    1995-11-01

    This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

  16. "Rural health is subjective, everyone sees it differently": understandings of rural health among Australian stakeholders.

    PubMed

    Bourke, Lisa; Taylor, Judy; Humphreys, John S; Wakerman, John

    2013-11-01

    In Australia, a diversity of perspectives of rural health have produced a deficit discourse as well as multidisciplinary perspectives that acknowledge diversity and blend in social, cultural and public health concepts. Interviews with 48 stakeholders challenged categories of rural and remote, and discussed these concepts in different ways, but invariably marginalised Aboriginal voices. Respondents overwhelmingly used a deficit discourse to plead for more resources but also blended diverse knowledge and at times reflected a relational understanding of rurality. However, mainstream perspectives dominated Aboriginal voices and racial exclusion remains a serious challenge for rural/remote health in Australia. PMID:24056363

  17. Assessment of rural energy resources; Methodological guidelines

    SciTech Connect

    Rijal, K.; Bansal, N.K.; Grover, P.D. (Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Inst. of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 11016 (IN))

    1990-01-01

    This article presents the methodological guidelines used to assess rural energy resources with an example of its application in three villages each from different physiographic zones of Nepal. Existing energy demand patterns of villages are compared with estimated resource availability, and rural energy planning issues are discussed. Economics and financial supply price of primary energy resources are compared, which provides insight into defective energy planning and policy formulation and implication in the context of rural areas of Nepal. Though aware of the formidable consequences, the rural populace continues to exhaust the forest as they are unable to find financially cheaper alternatives. Appropriate policy measures need to be devised by the government to promote the use of economically cost-effective renewable energy resources so as to change the present energy usage pattern to diminish the environmental impact caused by over exploitation of forest resources beyond their regenerative capacity.

  18. 75 FR 30113 - Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...a program for training and other enhancement...accommodate the capacity building, training...to provide training, operational support, or a rural capacity building service to a...field-wide capacity building. While...

  19. Wind Energy for Rural Economic Development

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-08-01

    The wind industry contributes to the economies of 46 states, and the outlook for regional economic growth from wind energy is heartening. Wind energy projects provide new jobs, a new source of revenue to farmers and ranchers, and an increased local tax base for rural communities. And wind energy is homegrown energy that helps secure our energy future during uncertain times while reducing pollution emissions and preserving our precious water resources. In fact, achieving the goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative during the next 20 years will create$60 billion in capital investment in rural America, provide$1.2 billion in new income for farmers and rural landowners, and create 80,000 new jobs. Wind energy is the fastest-growing energy source in the world, and rural communities are poised to reap the benefits. This brochure provides rural stakeholders with information about wind energy projects and rural economic development, including case studies an d resources for those interested in bringing wind energy to their communities.

  20. Transformation of China's rural health care financing.

    PubMed

    Liu, Y; Hsiao, W C; Li, Q; Liu, X; Ren, M

    1995-10-01

    In the late 1970s China launched its agricultural reforms which initiated a decade of continued economic growth and significant transformation of the Chinese society. The agricultural reforms altered the peasants' incentives, weakened community organization and lessened the central government's control over local communities. These changes largely caused the collapse of the widely acclaimed rural cooperative medical system in China. Consequently China experienced a decreased supply of rural health workers, increased burden of illnesses, disintegration of the three tier medical system, reduced primary health care, and an increased demand for hospital medical services. More than ten years have elapsed since China changed its agricultural economic system and China is still struggling to find an equitable, efficient and sustainable way of financing and organizing its rural health services. The Chinese experiences provided several important lessons for other nations: there is a need to understand the limits of the market forces and to redefine the role of the government in rural health care under a market economy; community participation in and control of local health financing schemes is essential in developing a sustainable rural health system; the rural health system needs to be dynamic, rather than static, to keep pace with changing demand and needs of the population. PMID:8578331

  1. Who Is Rural? A Typological Approach to the Examination of Rurality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michael K.; Luloff, A. E.

    1981-01-01

    Results of a multiple discriminant analysis suggest that, although current residence and occupation are correlated with a rural culture, place of residence at age 16 along with several personal demographic features such as religion, income, and age, are more central to understanding the broader concept of rurality. (Author)

  2. Early Development of Low-Income Rural Appalachian Children. Rural Health Monograph Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fish, Margaret; Jacquet, Ellen; Frye, Hadassah

    The Rural Appalachian Infant Temperament Project followed a group of 80 low-income rural Appalachian children from birth to kindergarten, focusing on two areas of child development: social/emotional functioning and cognitive skills. Subjects were recruited at a Lincoln County, West Virginia, clinic; all were white; and 73 percent had family…

  3. What Do You Mean? An Educational Researcher's Reflections Regarding "Rural" When Rural Is Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brann-Barrett, M. Tanya

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I engage in a reflexive examination of my educational research in order to explore various meanings of rurality and the ways these meanings can include and exclude. Focusing on commonly held conceptions of rurality as critiqued by theorists (Halfacree 2003, 2006; Cloke 2006), I use examples from my own multi-media research, as…

  4. Listening to Rural Adolescents: Views on the Rural Community and the Importance of Adult Interactions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dalva Hedlund

    1993-01-01

    The problems facing rural areas are many faceted, but a key component to their solution is the human resource of ruraladolescents. In this study, an interpretiveanalysisof interviews focusing on perceptions of the community, family, school social dynamics, andaspects of self identity with 20 adolescents from a rural high school, is discussed within the framework of two organizingdimensions: living in a

  5. Preventive Health Education Needs Among Rural Farm and Rural Nonfarm Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leadley, Samuel M.; And Others

    Focusing on heart disease and cancer, the study compared the preventive health education needs of farm and nonfarm rural adults. During July and August 1975, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 57 men and 161 women living in Armstrong and Butler Counties, Pennsylvania. The sample included 119 commercial farm households and 99 rural nonfarm…

  6. The Rural Education and Agriculture Program (REAP): Belize's New Approach to Rural Primary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massey, Romeo M.

    The Rural Education and Agriculture Program (REAP) was initiated in response to perceived deficiencies in the rural primary schools of Belize. Since its inception in 1976, REAP has moved through two of its anticipated three phases (Pilot Phase, July 1976-June 1979; District-Level Phase, July 1979-June 1982). REAP integrates academic subjects with…

  7. The Rural Planning Specialist. A Unique Approach to the Problems of Poverty in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pennsylvania State Dept. of Community Affairs, Harrisburg.

    The Rural Planning Specialist (RPS) Project was an effort to study and analyze methods for providing community services in rural Pennsylvania. The approach for alleviating poverty described in this report evolved from that project. The RPS program was described by need for innovation, structure of the project, RPS role and responsibilities,…

  8. Science and Technology of Rural Transport System. Teaching of Science and Technology in Rural Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nagaraj, D. N.; Satheesh, H. L.

    Most science curriculum innovations seem to have their origins and emphases in urban intellectual concerns and their content generally caters to university bound students. The reason for the failure of rural students in science subjects may be the lack of relevancy of the program to the needs of individuals living in rural areas. Chapter 1…

  9. Effective Schooling in Rural Africa Report 4: Frequently Asked Questions about Effective Schooling in Rural Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.

    The challenges of making rural schools more effective vary with different types of rural conditions. But typically these challenges might include any of the following: teacher shortages, lack of facilities, isolation, HIV/AIDS and related social stigma, war crises and displaced populations, multigrade and shift teaching, administration of small…

  10. The perceived value of the rural tourism stay and its effect on rural tourist behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Isabel Polo Peńa; Dolores María Frías Jamilena; Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Molina

    2012-01-01

    Rural tourism (RT) constitutes a valuable tool for the sustainable development of rural areas. This paper explores issues of tourist motivation in RT and develops a specially tailored perceived value (PV) scale for the RT sector. Special attention is given to links between tourists’ motivations, perceived values, and the service and actions by RT providers leading to the sustainability of

  11. Relational Rurals: Some Thoughts on Relating Things and Theory in Rural Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heley, Jesse; Jones, Laura

    2012-01-01

    This paper considers how shifts within the social sciences towards conceptualising spatiality in relational terms have unfolded in rural studies in particular ways over the past decade or so. A period in which networks, connections, flows and mobility have all established themselves as compelling conceptual frames for research, the rural has…

  12. EMPLOYER SIZE, HUMAN CAPITAL, AND RURAL WAGES: IMPLICATIONS FOR SOUTHERN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David S. Kraybill; Michael J. Yoder; Kevin T. McNamara

    1991-01-01

    A recent trend in rural development policy emphasizes small business development in place of industrial recruitment. To analyze some of the likely effects of expanding the proportion of small firms in local economies, an empirical wage rate model incorporating employer size was developed, and parameters were estimated using household date from rural Putnam County, Georgia. The estimates indicated that large

  13. Understanding Contexts of Family Violence in Rural, Farming Communities: Implications for Rural Women's Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wendt, Sarah; Hornosty, Jennie

    2010-01-01

    Research on family violence in rural communities in Australia and Canada has shown that women's experience of family violence is shaped by social and cultural factors. Concern for economic security and inheritance for children, closeness and belonging, and values of family unity and traditional gender roles are factors in rural communities that…

  14. Toward the 21st Century: A Rural Education Anthology. Rural School Development Outreach Project. Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karim, Gordon P., Ed.; Weate, Nathan James, Ed.

    This anthology focuses on rural education improvement that will prepare students for the 21st century. Articles address issues related to school funding, educational technology, curriculum offerings, state and federal policies, the role of rural teachers and administrators in school reform, cultural diversity, and changing socioeconomic factors in…

  15. Orthopedic Surgery in Rural American Hospitals: A Survey of Rural Hospital Administrators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weichel, Derek

    2012-01-01

    Rural American residents prefer to receive their medical care locally. Lack of specific medical services in the local community necessitates travel to a larger center which is less favorable. This study was done to identify how rural hospitals choose to provide orthopedic surgical services to their communities. Methods: All hospitals in 5 states…

  16. The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

    2013-01-01

    Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

  17. Why Rural Matters 2003: The Continuing Need for Every State To Take Action on Rural Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beeson, Elizabeth; Strange, Marty

    2003-01-01

    The importance and urgency of rural education to each state was assessed using seven and nine indicators, respectively. The Mid-South Delta, central Appalachia, coastal Southeast, the north Plains, and northern New England emerged as priority rural education regions. The most important urgency indicators were teacher salaries, computer use, school…

  18. RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY Allison L. Naleway*, Nancy L. Sprince?, Erik R. Svendsen?, Ann M. Stromquist?, James A. Merchant? *Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation, Marshfield, WI; ?University of Iowa Co...

  19. The social management of rural nature: understanding agrarian-based rural development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Marsden; Jo Banks; Gillian Bristow

    2002-01-01

    There is a growing realisation that agriculture is a central mechanism for delivering sustainable rural development in Europe. However, agro-industrial and postproductivist logics and dynamics have largely tended to marginalise its significance. In this paper we explore some of the conceptual parameters needed to develop the rural development dynamic. This is one which recentralises agriculture and farm-based activities and provides

  20. The role of urban?to?rural remittances in rural development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Rempel; Richard A. Lobdell

    1978-01-01

    One of the effects of rural?to?urban migration is the return of money and resources by the migrants to their respective home areas. Recently, it has been argued by several authors that such remittances represent a significant means for removing supply constraints to improved productivity in agriculture. In this paper the authors examine critically the available evidence on the rural impact

  1. Rural tourism as a factor in rural community economic development for economies in transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Agnes Gannon

    1994-01-01

    This paper examines how community resources can be mobilised to help rural communities make the transition from agrarian to diversified and sustainable economies. It discusses the concept of the Global Management Approach used by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Europe, and shows how this approach can be used to develop sustainable rural tourism, paying close

  2. Wisconsin Migrant and Rural Services Annual Report, 1975. Annual Rural Manpower Report, MA 5-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Industry, Labor and Human Relations, Madison.

    For the last four years, Wisconsin's rural manpower program consisted of three program units--Rural Services, Migrant Services, and Teacher Placement Services. These services reported to and were coordinated by the Director of Central Operations. Ongoing shifts in program emphasis and an extensive reorganization of the State Employment Service…

  3. Economic Growth, Rural Educational Investment and the Level and Distribution of Rural Incomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Badiani, Reena Chandu

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation examines two related questions. First, it estimates the effect of growth in the demand for skilled and unskilled labor on rural household incomes and the rural wage structure. Second, it examines the effect of growth in household incomes and in labor market returns to education on household educational investment. The…

  4. Re-Conceptualising Rural Resources as Countryside Capital: The Case of Rural Tourism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrod, Brian; Wornell, Roz; Youell, Ray

    2006-01-01

    Commentators tend to agree that the rural resource is becoming increasingly subject to pressures arising from an ever wider range of economic, social, political and environmental influences. This paper focuses on the case of rural tourism in illustrating the advantages of adopting a sustainable development approach to identifying suitable policies…

  5. Rural households' decisions towards income diversification: Evidence from a township in northern China*

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rural households' decisions towards income diversification: Evidence from a township in northern 2010 Abstract: Economic reforms in rural China have brought opportunities to diversify both within rural households' income. This paper analyzes the factors that drive rural households and individuals

  6. 7 CFR 1940.563 - Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 true Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans. 1940.563 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  7. 7 CFR 1940.575 - Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans. 1940.575 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  8. 7 CFR 1940.575 - Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans. 1940.575 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  9. 7 CFR 1940.563 - Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... false Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans. 1940.563 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  10. 7 CFR 1940.563 - Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2009-01-01 true Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans. 1940.563 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  11. 7 CFR 1940.564 - Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans. 1940.564 Section 1940.564...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  12. 7 CFR 1940.565 - Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans. 1940.565 Section 1940.565...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  13. 7 CFR 1940.564 - Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 true Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans. 1940.564 Section 1940.564...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  14. 7 CFR 1940.565 - Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans. 1940.565 Section 1940.565...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  15. 7 CFR 1940.564 - Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2009-01-01 true Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans. 1940.564 Section 1940.564...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  16. 7 CFR 1940.564 - Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2009-01-01 true Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans. 1940.564 Section 1940.564...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  17. 7 CFR 1940.575 - Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans. 1940.575 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  18. 7 CFR 1940.563 - Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2009-01-01 true Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans. 1940.563 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  19. 7 CFR 1940.565 - Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans. 1940.565 Section 1940.565...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  20. 7 CFR 1940.563 - Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... false Section 502 non-subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing (RH) loans. 1940.563 Section 1940...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  1. 7 CFR 1940.564 - Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Section 502 subsidized guaranteed Rural Housing loans. 1940.564 Section 1940.564...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  2. 7 CFR 1940.575 - Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans. 1940.575 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  3. 7 CFR 1940.575 - Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Section 515 Rural Rental Housing (RRH) loans. 1940.575 Section...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  4. 7 CFR 1940.565 - Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2009-01-01 true Section 502 subsidized Rural Housing loans. 1940.565 Section 1940.565...Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...

  5. 47 CFR 22.717 - Procedure for mutually exclusive applications in the Rural Radiotelephone Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Procedure for mutually exclusive applications in the Rural Radiotelephone...CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone...Procedure for mutually exclusive applications in the Rural Radiotelephone Service. Mutually exclusive applications in the Rural...

  6. 78 FR 38361 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Capacity Building for Community Development and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-26

    ...INFORMATION: HUD's Rural Capacity Building for Community Development...55). The Rural Capacity Building Program provides...rural areas. Rural Capacity Building Program funds can...Technical assistance, training, support, and...

  7. Rural Studies Program Near Hillsboro, Oregon by swainboat from flickr.com

    E-print Network

    Tullos, Desiree

    ............................................................................................................................................................11 INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE RURAL POLICY STUDIES (ICRPS) SUMMER SCHOOL

  8. 75 FR 52303 - Notice of Funding Availability: Rural Development Voucher Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-25

    ...Notice of Funding Availability: Rural Development Voucher Program AGENCY: Rural...the funding available for the Rural Development Voucher Program. A correction...Portfolio Management Division, Rural Development, U.S. Department of...

  9. Injection drug use in Rural Iran: integrating HIV prevention into iran's rural primary health care system.

    PubMed

    Mojtahedzadeh, Vahid; Razani, Nooshin; Malekinejad, Mohsen; Vazirian, Mohsen; Shoaee, Shervan; Saberi Zafarghandi, Mohammad Bagher; Hernandez, Alexandra L; Mandel, Jeffrey S

    2008-07-01

    Major opium trafficking routes traverse rural Iran, but patterns of drug use and HIV infection in these areas are unknown. In 2004, Iran's Ministry of Health integrated substance use treatment and HIV prevention into the rural primary health care system. Active opium or heroin users (N = 478) were enrolled in a rural clinic. Participants received counseling for abstinence from substances, or daily needle exchange and condoms. On enrollment, 108 (23%) reported injecting; of these, 79 (73%) reported sharing needles. Of 65 participants tested for HIV, 46 (72%) tested positive. Participants who received daily needle exchange/condoms stayed in the program longer than those who did not (AOR 2.08, 95% CI 1.1-3.88). This project demonstrates that HIV risks exist in rural Iran and suggests the innovative use of Iran's rural health care system to extend prevention and treatment services to these populations. PMID:18521737

  10. The Rural Context of Illicit Substance Offers: A Study of Appalachian Rural Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Krieger, Janice; Hecht, Michael L.

    2015-01-01

    Rural adolescents are at risk for early initiation and problematic substance use, but to date few studies have examined the rural context of substance use. To better understand substance offers in the rural context, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 118, 12-19 year old adolescents (M = 13.68, SD = 1.37) from Appalachian, rural school districts in Pennsylvania and Ohio. Interviews elicited stories about substance offer-response episodes including where offers occurred, who offered substances, and how youth gained access to illicit substances. Findings describe the settings in which substance offers and use occur for these rural adolescents and advance prevention efforts for tailoring health messages to this target population. PMID:25620838

  11. Downstaging cancer in rural Africa.

    PubMed

    Ngoma, Twalib; Mandeli, John; Holland, James F

    2015-06-15

    Cancer is usually diagnosed late in rural Africa leading to incurability and abbreviated survival. Many curable cancers present on the body surface, often recognizable early by laymen as suspicious, justifying professional referral. Cancer diagnoses in two randomly chosen Tanzanian villages were compared after conventional dispensary self-referral vs. proactive visits in the home. Village navigators organized trips for professional consultation. In the control village 21% were self-referred, 20% of them were sent on as suspicious, 78% had cancer (8% in men) 0.9% of the village population. In the intervention village 99% were screened, 14% were referred for professional opinion, 93% had cancer (32% in men) 1.6% (p?

  12. Una obra uruguaya en Madrid

    E-print Network

    Blaylock, Curtis

    1986-04-01

    SPRING 1986 103 Una obra uruguaya en Madrid Entre el 12 y el 15 de septiembre se ofrecieron al publico madrileńo en el Centro Cultural de la Villa seis representaciones de Retrato de seńora, con espejo (Vida y pasión de Margarita Xirgu). Este... sido una de las alumnas predilectas de Margarita Xirgu. Esta obra, previamente montada con éxito en Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Asunción y Barcelona, en Madrid ha sido un verdadero fracaso de taquilla, probablemente en gran medida porque ha coincidido...

  13. Disseminating Ambient Assisted Living in Rural Areas

    PubMed Central

    Leitner, Gerhard; Felfernig, Alexander; Fercher, Anton J.; Hitz, Martin

    2014-01-01

    The smart home, ambient intelligence and ambient assisted living have been intensively researched for decades. Although rural areas are an important potential market, because they represent about 80% of the territory of the EU countries and around 125 million inhabitants, there is currently a lack of applicable AAL solutions. This paper discusses the theoretical foundations of AAL in rural areas. This discussion is underlined by the achievements of the empirical field study, Casa Vecchia, which has been carried out over a four-year period in a rural area in Austria. The major goal of Casa Vecchia was to evaluate the feasibility of a specific form of AAL for rural areas: bringing AAL technology to the homes of the elderly, rather than moving seniors to special-equipped care facilities. The Casa Vecchia project thoroughly investigated the possibilities, challenges and drawbacks of AAL related to this specific approach. The findings are promising and somewhat surprising and indicate that further technical, interactional and socio-psychological research is required to make AAL in rural areas reasonable in the future. PMID:25068862

  14. Tegola tiered mesh network testbed in rural Scotland 

    E-print Network

    Bernardi, Giacomo; Buneman, Peter; Marina, Mahesh

    2008-01-01

    low cost rural wireless networks with active community participation. This paper presents an overview of our efforts in this direction in deploying a rural WiFibased long distance mesh network testbed in the Scottish Highlands and Islands. We highlight...

  15. 77 FR 33704 - Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-07

    ...or be located in a rural area (if a business). Project funds cannot be used for...4)). You must provide population statistics from the 1990 and the 2010 decennial...Padalino, Acting Administrator, Rural Business-Cooperative Service. [FR Doc....

  16. 911 Best Call for Heart Attack Victims in Rural Areas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... news/fullstory_152330.html 911 Best Call for Heart Attack Victims in Rural Areas: Study But many drive ... 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Many rural residents with severe heart attacks drive or are driven to the hospital, but ...

  17. 75 FR 48235 - Rural Health Care Universal Service Support Mechanism

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-09

    ...47 CFR Part 54 Rural Health Care Universal Service Support Mechanism...02-60; FCC 10-125] Rural Health Care Universal Service Support Mechanism...improve the quality and delivery of health care, and addresses each of the...

  18. 77 FR 42185 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ...02-60; FCC 12-74] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...responsible basis for specific Rural Health Care Pilot Program participants that...connectivity and the resulting health care benefits that patients...

  19. 78 FR 13935 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-01

    ...47 CFR Part 54 Rural Health Care Support Mechanism; Final Rule...02-60; FCC 12-150] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...universal service support program for health care, transitioning its existing...

  20. 76 FR 37307 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-27

    ...02-60; FCC 11-101] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...discounted services under the rural health care program. Grandfathered providers...but play a key role in delivering health care services to surrounding...

  1. Empowering Women in Agricultural Education for Sustainable Rural Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ugbomeh, George M. M.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the concepts of agricultural education, women empowerment, and sustainable rural development. Suggests that, because women make up more than half of Nigeria's population, their empowerment would assist the efforts for sustainable rural development. (Contains 48 references.) (JOW)

  2. Motivation for math in rural schools: student and teacher perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardré, Patricia L.

    2011-06-01

    Rural schools, students, teachers, administrators, families and community leaders face unique challenges from those of their urban and suburban counterparts. This paper investigates motivation in rural secondary schools, with a particular focus on mathematics, from teacher and student perspectives. It integrates recent research on math learning and motivation from the fields of educational psychology, human neuroscience and rural education, to present an integrated systemic view of motivation for learning math in rural schools.

  3. Issues in Rural Health: Access, Hospitals, and Reform

    PubMed Central

    Weisgrau, Sheldon

    1995-01-01

    This overview discusses articles published in this issue of the Health Care Financing Review, entitled “Access to Health Care Services in Rural Areas: Delivery and Financing Issues.” These articles focus on the following topics: rural hospitals (including closures, the impact of Federal grants, network development, and costs), managed care in rural areas, telemedicine, and the delivery of mental health services to rural Medicaid beneficiaries. PMID:10153465

  4. An earth station design for rural telecommunications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tustison, G. F.

    A design for an earth station intended specifically for rural telephony applications is described with a discussion of overall system and satellite parameters. It is noted that higher satellite transfer gain and reduced receiver noise figure allow the use of more economical combinations of antenna size and HPA power in the rural terminal. Small-aperture earth terminals employing 3-meter antennas, 0.2 Watt transmitters, and 100-K low-noise amplifiers, designed using the integrated common equipment SCPC approach, provide substantial cost and power consumption savings over conventional designs. Specific objectives for a prototype development program are established. The integration of a satellite DAMA control system with a telephone exchange specifically designed for a small number of subscribers in a rural environment provides additional cost reduction.

  5. Appropriate satellite systems for rural telecommunications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nickelson, R. L.

    In order to provide a minimum, basic telecommunications service to as large a segment of the unserved rural population as possible, the system objective should be to place one or a few telephone instruments in as many localities as possible, instead of placing a larger number of subscriber instruments in fewer localities. A high value of satellite figure of merit (G/T) combined with high transponder gain would facilitate the utilization of low transmit power from the earth station; it is claimed that this would be the key to the success of an operational rural telecommunications service via satellite. It is noted that demand assigned SCPC transmission techniques are ideally suited for this service. It is concluded that, for satellite communications to provide minimum basic rural telephone service within a reasonable time span, it will be necessary to employ properly designed high-transfer-gain satellites with large production runs of small low-cost earth stations.

  6. Opportunities for research in rural practice.

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, G. J.

    1979-01-01

    The contributions of Denis Burkitt, William Budd, Sir James MacKenzie and Will Pickles, among others, are examples of the research that can be accomplished by busy doctors in a general practice or a rural setting with a minimum of equipment. It is still possible to undertake worthwhile research in rural areas of Canada. This contention is supported by many examples of published work from northern Newfoundland and Labrador. The studies have dealt with conditions that are particularly frequent in each region, including those due to nutritional deficiency, infection, extremes of climate and genetic factors. Epidemiologic studies have compared the occurrence of disease in different geographic regions and in different races. The content of general practice and methods of health care delivery have also been investigated. It is suggested that some of these observations could have been made only in the context of rural medical practice. Images p1246-a p1246-b PMID:445268

  7. Rural Future: Enabling a Bold Rural Future for the Great Plains The University of Nebraska has launched a new iniative called Institute for the Rual Fu-

    E-print Network

    Farritor, Shane

    Rural Future: Enabling a Bold Rural Future for the Great Plains The University of Nebraska has with rural communities to address how the landscape of rural Nebraska needs to develop in the coming decade. This futuristic and forward-looking approach will address the hard quesitons of what rural Nebraska needs

  8. Off to a Poor Start: Infant Health in Rural America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shotland, Jeffrey; Loonin, Deanne

    This study analyses infant health data from the 332 poorest rural U.S. counties for the period 1975-1985. The study updates and expands a report released in 1986. The data show that, until 1980, rates of infant mortality and low birthweights (LBW) improved significantly, especially in rural areas. The trend toward better prenatal care in rural

  9. Technology Facilitation in the Rural School: An Analysis of Options.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawkes, Mark; Halverson, Pamela; Brockmueller, Bradley

    2002-01-01

    A study examining technology support in rural schools surveyed 129 school technology coordinators in four upper plains states. Heavy pedagogical and technical demands were placed on rural technology coordinators. Rural technology coordinators should have teaching experience and advanced degree work in network administration, computer hardware…

  10. Rural Health Care in New York State: A Preliminary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

    Supporting the premise that rural communities require functioning health care systems for their physiological, emotional, and economic well-being, the First Statewide Legislative Symposium on Rural Development defined problems and established goals for rural health care in New York. Despite increases in New York's overall physician supply during…

  11. Rural Press for Village Post-Literacy Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sam-Kpakra, Robert H.; And Others

    Three articles concerning the development of the rural press in Africa as a means of communicating and promoting literacy are included in this collection of reprints. "The Rural Press, Effective Rural Communication Medium" by Robert H. Sam-Kpakra describes this medium of communication by and for people living in areas with little or no access to…

  12. The Impact of Employment on Rural High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, John K.; Phelps, Margaret S.

    A survey of 229 students in grades 10-12 at a rural consolidated high school in Tennessee sought to determine employment patterns among rural students and the impact of that employment on students' academic and personal lives. Findings indicate that employment of rural youth was an accepted part of the teen culture; student employment increased at…

  13. Prevention of HIV/AIDS Education in Rural Communities III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torabi, Mohammad R., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This third special issue of the Health Education Monograph Series on HIV/AIDS Prevention in Rural Communities presents 9 articles on: "Rural Adolescent Views of HIV Prevention: Focus Groups at Two Indiana Rural 4-H Clubs" (William L. Yarber and Stephanie A. Sanders); "Implementing HIV Education: Beyond Curriculum" (Susan Frelick Wooley);…

  14. The Diffusion of the Internet and Rural Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhao Jinqiu; Hao Xiaoming; Indrajit Banerjee

    2006-01-01

    This study explores the applicability of the diffusion of innovations theory to internet development in rural China by examining internet diffusion and usage patterns in two rural areas of China's Gansu Province. Its ethnographic research design allowed the researchers to interact with the rural people under study and obtain first-hand data on their adoption and usage of the internet. The

  15. Rural development in China : Industry policy, regionalism, integration and scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Colin G. Brown; Scott A. Waldron; John W. Longworth

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – The Chinese government has increasingly turned to industry policy as a means of promoting rural development. These industry policies have not necessarily led to an improvement in rural incomes nor to the achievement of other social and environmental goals. This paper examines ways of designing these policies to achieve better rural development outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach adopts

  16. Communication and Rural Developments in Communist China Revisited.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koo, Charles, M.

    Rural mainland China has undergone dramatic changes since the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949. The collectivization of agriculture basically altered the rural arrangement of conventional China. Using a series of mass media campaigns, Mao Tse-Tung to some extent transformed the traditional rural social system to what he envisioned as…

  17. The epidemiology of Newcastle disease in rural poultry: A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Awan; M. J. Otte; A. D. James

    1994-01-01

    Rural poultry are the dominant form of poultry kept in the developing world. They are a natural resource whose potential is not fully exploited for the welfare of rural populations. The most devastating disease of rural poultry is Newcastle disease (ND). ND is an epidemic disease in intensive poultry and is responsible for high economic losses. Its epidemiology in intensive

  18. Health Literacy Skills in Rural and Urban Populations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zahnd, Whitney E.; Scaife, Steven L.; Francis, Mark L.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether health literacy is lower in rural populations. Method: We analyzed health, prose, document, and quantitative literacy from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy study. Metropolitan Statistical Area designated participants as rural or urban. Results: Rural populations had lower literacy levels for all literacy…

  19. Profile of A Rural School Teacher in British Columbia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haughey, Margaret L.; Murphy, Peter J.

    1983-01-01

    Reviews limited research on rural teachers in British Columbia. Finds that rural teachers have more experience than previously, are increasingly male, there is a serious mismatch between teacher expectations and current conditions, and lack of public interest and support has had a damaging effect on today's rural teachers. (BRR)

  20. THE FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF INFORMATIONIZATION IN NEW RURAL

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    THE FUNCTION ANALYSIS OF INFORMATIONIZATION IN NEW RURAL COOPERATIVES MEDICAL SERVICE MANAGEMENT of new rural cooperative medical system is an important action for comprehensive affluent society. It is an important measure for Central Party Committee and State Council to solve "three rural" issue effectively