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1

Hacia una Estrategia de Desarrollo para la Sierra Rural en el Perú  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo de este proyecto es elaborar un documento que establezca los lineamientos de una política de desarrollo para la Sierra rural en el Perú e identificar los requerimientos institucionales y de investigación complementaria que se requerirían para la construcción de programas específicos que atiendan de la manera más eficiente la problemática de la pobreza en esta región. El documento

J. A. Escobal; L. Valdivia

2004-01-01

2

Hacia una mejor educación rural: impacto de un programa de intervención a las escuelas en Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizando información censal de las sedes educativas rurales de Colombia el presente trabajo evalúa el impacto que tuvo el Programa de Educación Rural – PER - en las tasas de eficiencia (cobertura, reprobación, aprobación y deserción) y calidad de la educación en las sedes en donde se aplicó. A través de la implementación de modelos educativos flexibles adaptados a las

Catherine Rodríguez; Fabio J. Sánchez T; Armando Armenta

2007-01-01

3

Rural America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture has recently made a rural development publication available (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only). Rural Development Perspectives, issued three times annually, "track... economic and social trends in rural America," and present "nontechnical articles on the results of new rural research,." Selected archives of the publication is available, and articles can be downloaded individually.

1996-01-01

4

Rural Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE good work being done at Sexey's Trade School is of course well known to all who have interested themselves in rural education. Readers of NATURE will no doubt be glad to have Mr. Medd's independent testimony, and more particularly the detailed statement of figures concerning grants and fees. At the present time, when the subject of rural education is

R. Meldola

1899-01-01

5

Rural Agrobusiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes the formation and evolution of rural agribusiness (RA) in the southern hemisphere as a precondition for improving the lives of families in rural communities, and focuses on RA endeavors created by development projects in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. After a short introduction, the first section of this study…

Treillon, Roland; And Others

1992-01-01

6

Rural hospitals  

PubMed Central

The 340B Drug Pricing Program has the potential to reduce outpatient pharmaceutical costs for qualifying hospitals—hut many rural hospital administrators are unaware of their organization’s eligibility. PMID:18637547

Radford, Andrea; Slifkin, Rebecca; Schur, Claudia; Cheung, Karen; Baernholdt, Marianne

2013-01-01

7

Riesgos y desafíos en la implementación de una indicación geográfica (IG) Las denominaciones de origen (DO) y las indicaciones geográficas (IG) como herramientas para el desarrollo territorial rural con identidad cultural (DTR-IC)  

Microsoft Academic Search

La presente comunicación es resultado de un Estudio Complementario que se está desarrollando en la ciudad de Colonia Caroya, provincia de Córdoba (Argentina) sobre Indicaciones Geográficas (IG) y Desarrollo Territorial Rural con Identidad Cultural (DTR-IC). El trabajo se inserta en el marco de dos proyectos, por un lado, el Proyecto Desarrollo Territorial Rural con Identidad Cultural (DTR-IC) liderado por Claudia

Marcelo Champredonde; A. Benedetto

2010-01-01

8

Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)  

SciTech Connect

Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

1999-07-28

9

Rural Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

I AM very glad to learn from my friend, Prof. Meldola, that the school of which I previously wrote is so well known. The frequent reference to Bigods as an experiment, and as the first attempt to give a systematic training in science in a purely rural district, led me to imagine that people were not generally aware of Sexey's

John C. Medd

1899-01-01

10

Rural Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE Countess of Warwick and Prof. Meldola are entitled to all praise for their zeal in establishing the School of Science at Bigods, to which reference was made in your issue of October 5. There should, however, be some recognition of the similar work done by others in purely rural districts. At Bruton, a village in Somersetshire, the success of

John C. Medd

1899-01-01

11

Rural Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

I SHOULD like to add to the above interesting statement by Mr. Medd that a rural school of science, which is even more akin to Bigods' than Sexey's Trade School, has been at work for some years at Bakewell in Derbyshire. I referred to this in my address at Bigods in 1898. The resemblance in constitution and function is due

R. Meldola

1899-01-01

12

Rural Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are 10 papers resulting from a workshop, involving representatives from 33 state developmental disabilities councils, designed to examine common problems and issues confronting developmentally disabled citizens in rural areas. Entries include the following titles and authors: "Who, What, and Where--Studying Prevalence of Developmental…

Miller, Jon, Ed.; And Others

13

Producción y rendimiento reproductivo en Petrolisthes granulosus (Decapoda, Anomura, Porcellanidae) en diferentes localidades del norte de Chile: Una comparación latitudinal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ovigerous females of the porcellanid crab Petrolisthes granulosus were collected in the northern zone of Chile, to analyze latitudinal variations in their reproductive biology. Samples were taken from five localities situated between 18°33'S to 25°20'S. The average fecundity values for both locality and size strata, size of minimum sexual maturity, reproductive output and egg volume in the final stage of

Patricio Hernáez Bové

2001-01-01

14

Rural intentions  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To investigate the reasons for family medicine graduates’ career choices. DESIGN Qualitative study using focus groups and one-on-one interviews. SETTING University of Calgary in Alberta. PARTICIPANTS Seventeen male and female second-year family medicine residents, representing a range of ages and areas of origin, enrolled in the 2004 urban and rural south streams of the family medicine residency program at the University of Calgary. METHOD During the final month of training, 2 focus groups were conducted to determine graduating students’ career choices and the reasons for them. After focus-group data were analyzed, a questionnaire was constructed and subsequently administered to participants during face-to-face or telephone interviews. MAIN FINDINGS Most residents initially planned to do urban locums in order to gain experience. In the long term, they planned to open practices in urban areas for lifestyle and family reasons. Many residents from the rural stream had no long-term plans to establish rural practices. Most residents said they felt prepared for practice, but many indicated that an optional third year of paid training, with an emphasis on emergency medicine, obstetrics, and pediatrics, would be desirable. Reasons cited for not practising in rural areas were related to workload, lifestyle issues, family obligations, and perceived lack of medical support in the community. Only 4 female graduates and 1 male graduate intended to practise obstetrics. The main reason residents gave for this was inadequate training in obstetrics during residency. Finances were cited as a secondary reason for many choices, and might in fact be more important than at first apparent. CONCLUSION Despite its intention to recruit family medicine graduates to rural areas and to obstetrics, the University of Calgary residency training program was not successful in recruiting physicians to these areas. The program likely needs to re-examine the effectiveness of current approaches. If other programs are having similar difficulties recruiting graduates to obstetrics and rural practice, perhaps changes in policies should be considered. PMID:18625827

Lu, Diane J.; Hakes, Jacquie; Bai, Meera; Tolhurst, Helen; Dickinson, James A.

2008-01-01

15

Rural as Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay explains two ways in which "the rural" serves as context. The common way interprets the rural lifeworld as an impediment to certain projects and goals, thus framing "the rural" as a subjugated and diminished reality. The other way is called "the rural circumstance" in order to situate the rural lifeworld as a center of attention, not as…

Howley, Craig B.; Howley, Aimee A.

16

Rural Knowledge Clusters: The Challenge of Rural Economic  

E-print Network

Rural Knowledge Clusters: The Challenge of Rural Economic Prosperity Lee W. Munnich, Jr. Greg and Practice: No. 12 RURAL KNOWLEDGE CLUSTERS: THE CHALLENGE OF RURAL ECONOMIC PROSPERITY August 2002 Lee W Clusters ­ Evidence and Implications .........................................5 Rural Knowledge Clusters

Levinson, David M.

17

Rural Health Association  

E-print Network

Montana Rural Health Association Phone: 406-994-6004 Fax: 406-994-5653 E-mail: MRHA 170520 Bozeman, Montana 59717-0520 Montana Rural Health Association Membershipdesignation.Membershipisrenewedonan annualbasis.PleasemakecheckspayabletoMontanaRuralHealth

Maxwell, Bruce D.

18

Rural Youths' Images of the Rural  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the cultural turn within the social sciences, recent debates on how to conceptualise "the rural" have focused on "rurality" as a phenomenon produced by processes of social construction. This paper presents an empirical account of the outcome of these social construction processes through an analysis of how teenagers in a remote rural

Rye, Johan Fredrik

2006-01-01

19

Rural and Rural Farm Population: 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 64,798,000 persons, or 25% of the population of the United States, lived in rural areas in 1988. Rural areas include open countryside and places with fewer than 2,500 inhabitants not in the suburbs of large cities. This report presents demographic data on the rural population, pointing out that comparison with 1987 data suggests a…

Current Population Reports, 1989

1989-01-01

20

Rural-Urban Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication combines three papers on rural and urban youth issues. "Key Issues Facing Rural Youth" (Daniel F. Perkins) notes that rural adolescents share the same concerns and exhibit the same problem behaviors as their urban counterparts. But in addition, geographic isolation presents problems unique to rural areas. A framework is proposed…

Perkins, Daniel F.; LaGreca, Anthony J.; Mullis, Ronald L.

21

Rural Development Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements essential to an adequate framework for rural development in the U.S. are a national growth and development policy which includes a rural development strategy and definition of common problems and programmatic actions required to deal with them. Many past federal rural development programs (lacking a federal rural policy focus) have failed…

Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.

22

Leadership for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rural school superintendency is, in many ways, as demanding and difficult as the urban superintendency. Chapter 1 of this book provides a working definition of a rural small school district, an estimation of the number of rural systems in the nation that fit the criteria, and a profile of rural small school superintendents. Chapter 2 discusses…

Stephens, E. Robert; Turner, Walter G.

23

Pennsylvania's Rural Homeless Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Rural Pennsylvania analyzed data from the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare concerning rural homelessness for fiscal years 1997 through 1999. Findings indicate that rural Pennsylvania has a homeless population and it is growing. In 1999, more than 21,700 clients received homeless assistance in rural areas, 44 percent of whom…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

24

Alcoholism and Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes patterns of problem drinking in rural areas, suggests factors which may influence the comparatively lower rates of alcoholism among rural residents, discusses the types of alcohol treatment available in rural communities, and offers preliminary ideas for applying the alcoholism-reducing factors of rural life to preventing alcoholism in…

DiNitto, Diana

1982-01-01

25

Demographics and the Rural Ethos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the meaning of "rural" and identifies 31 states having a significant rural character. Discusses certain generalizations about rural America. Provides a demographic analysis with school finance implications. Draws implications for rural school finance policy. (Contains 3 tables.)(PKP)

Ward, James G.

2003-01-01

26

Rural Policies for the 1990s. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by some of the foremost experts on rural America, this book focuses on policy-relevant research on the problems of rural areas. In each chapter, rural policy needs are identified by examining the flow of events and rural sociology of the 1980s. Chapters are: (1) "Critical Times for Rural America: The Challenge for Rural Policy in the…

Flora, Cornelia B., Ed.; Christenson, James A., Ed.

27

National Rural Health Association  

MedlinePLUS

... and Multicultural Health Conference Philadelphia, PA April 14-17 38th Annual Rural Health Conference Philadelphia, PA July ... 15 SRHA Leadership Conference Minneapolis, MN July 15-17 11th Rural Quality and Clinical Conference Minneapolis, MN ...

28

What Is Rural?  

MedlinePLUS

... territory and populations." 3. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Services Rural Classification Page: http://www.ers. ... that Define Rural 1. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service for research and policy. The Atlas ...

29

Rural and Rural Farm Population: 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This government report presents information on age, sex, labor force activities, and race and ethnic origin of the rural and rural farm population for 1987. Also included are fertility characteristics for the June 1987 Current Population Survey (CPS) supplement and data from the March 1987 CPS supplement on marital status, household, family…

Kalbacher, Judith Z.; DeAre, Diana

1988-01-01

30

ANIMATION RURALE: Education for Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information gathered via literature review, interview, and personal observation was used to examine the effectiveness of animation rurale programs in Senegal and Niger, French West Africa. Identifiable animation rurale assumptions tested as applicable to Senegal and Niger were: nationwide development programs at the grass roots level can be…

Moulton, Jeanne Marie

31

Rural Education and Rural Community Viability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis examines the ways in which rural schools support or undermine rural community viability in the United States. Beginning in the late 19th century, the diverse people of the United States came under the power of a single ideology of modernization and the superiority of urban culture. This ideology has resulted in the American transition…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape

32

Rural Education Issues: Rural Administrators Speak Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the issues that most affect Minnesota's rural public school administrators as they attempt to fulfill the mandates required from state legislation and communities. A second purpose was to identify exemplary practices valued by individual Minnesota rural schools and districts. Electronic surveys were sent…

Williams, Julia; Nierengarten, Gerry

2010-01-01

33

Uninsured Rural Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Although research shows higher uninsured rates among rural versus urban individuals, prior studies are limited because they do not examine coverage across entire rural families. Purpose: This study uses the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) to compare rural and urban insurance coverage within families, to inform the design of…

Ziller, Erika C.; Coburn, Andrew F.; Anderson, Nathaniel J.; Loux, Stephenie L.

2008-01-01

34

Working as Rural Academics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 85 rural and metro academics at two Australian universities found that rural faculty experienced more autonomy, cross-disciplinary stimulation, and connection to community. Rural disadvantages included professional isolation, fewer opportunities for research and advancement, and metropolitan management structures. Most of those with…

Ellis, Bronwyn; Sawyer, Janet; Dollard, Maureen; Boxall, Dianne

2002-01-01

35

Reaching Rural Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue focuses on programming undertaken to address the health and educational needs of rural families in developing and developed nations. After examining the nature of rural families and rural poverty, the newsletter discusses: (1) the Mon Women's Organization in Thailand; (2) The "Contact With Kids" parent education project in…

Bernard van Leer Foundation Newsletter, 1995

1995-01-01

36

Rural Conditions and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This U.S. Department of Agriculture periodical gives current statistical information on rural America. This issue contains articles about the impact on rural areas of economic trends, employment, and industry changes. A general overview indicates that moderate improvements in rural employment since 1986 have been tempered by slow income growth.…

Mazie, Sara Mills, Ed.; And Others

1990-01-01

37

Joining Rural Development Theory and Rural Education Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Karl N. Stauber proposes three goals for rural development policy: helping the rural middle class survive, reducing concentrated rural poverty, and sustaining and improving the quality of the natural environment. In contrast to other visions, he advises policy that focuses on rural places rather than rural economic sectors such as agriculture,…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape

38

Women and the rural idyll  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of a ‘rural idyll’ has been widely accepted by social scientists working within the rural field. Yet the term itself has received relatively little critical attention. In particular, the variable characteristics and impacts of the rural idyll amongst different groups within the rural population has been largely overlooked. The cultural turn in rural geography and the emphasis which

Jo Little; Patricia Austin

1996-01-01

39

USDA Rural Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA Rural Development agency is committed "to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America". Its various financial programs and loans support the development and realization of such public facilities as water and sewer systems and also aid in various economic development initiatives aimed at improving conditions in rural settings across the country. On the site visitors can view the latest news from the agency along with reading about various grant and loan programs, such as water and waste disposal improvement programs. Thematically, the site is divided into areas such as community development, cooperatives, and utilities. Rural officials and policy specialists will find much to look over in the publications section, such as rural development factsheets, and equally importantly, the archives of the Rural Cooperatives Magazine, which is published six times a year.

40

Prevalencia de E. histolytica y E. dispar por Microscopía y ELISA en Muestras Fecales de una Población Urbano Marginal de Lima  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN OBJETIVOS: El propósito del presente estudio fue utilizar pruebas inmunoenzimáticas (ELISA) para estudiar la prevalencia de Entamoeba histolytica y Entamoeba dispar en una localidad urbano marginal de Lima (Callao). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron dos ELISA: uno que detecta E. histolytica y E. dispar (ELISA Entamoeba), y otro que identifica específicamente a E. histolytica. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvieron aleatoriamente 128

WILLIAM CORNEJO; YRMA ESPINOZA; ALINA HUIZA; PILAR ALVA; ROXANA SUAREZ; CARLOS SEVILLA; CÉSAR NÁQUIRA

41

Unique Rural District Politics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The politics of rural educational leadership are both intense and concentrated. Rural educational leaders need to be savvy and politically skilled if they are to inspire educational stakeholders and accomplish organizational objectives. The local school system is an organization with a political culture that can be characterized as a competitive…

Farmer, Tod Allen

2009-01-01

42

Rural Development Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to provide a basis for reexamining rural development policy by presenting comprehensive and current information on the effectiveness of various rural policy approaches. An introduction that defines development terminology and discusses changing policy needs is followed by 13 chapters that represent the best recent research…

Sears, David W., Ed.; Reid, J. Norman, Ed.

43

Rural Education in Tasmania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses factors affecting rural education in Tasmania (Australia), including population trends, financial support, student enrollment, socioeconomic status of rural residents, and geographic isolation. Issues that need to be addressed include the status of small schools in Tasmania, costs associated with transporting students, staffing, low…

Harrington, Graham

1997-01-01

44

Ad Hoc Rural Regionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or…

Hamin, Elisabeth M.; Marcucci, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

45

Introduction: Rural Cultural Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This themed section of Australian Humanities Review seeks to establish the emerging field of 'rural cultural studies' firmly on the agenda of the contemporary humanities and social sciences. This is a timely intervention as rural Australia has featured increasingly over the last decade and especially over the last few years as a topic of national policy attention, public commentary and

David Carter; Kate Darian-Smith; Andrew Gorman-Murray

46

Developing Rural Business Incubators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers background on rural entrepreneurship and incubation in the United States, with particular focus on rural incubators at community colleges and regional incubation systems. Explains how incubators, which provide shared services and business/management assistance for tenant companies, differ from other entrepreneurial development strategies.…

Weinberg, Mark L.; Burnier, DeLysa

1991-01-01

47

8- Rural Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the 1998 Symposium on Homelessness Research, rural homelessness was not assigned as a paper topic in its own right. Due to its increasing significance, the authors prepared a paper on rural homelessness for the 2007 Symposium. Given the somewhat limited formal research available, the authors supplemented their literature review with information from government documents and technical assistance materials as

Marjorie Robertson; Nancy Fritz; Rebecca Noftsinger; Pamela Fischer

48

Measuring Rural Hospital Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

2004-01-01

49

IDENTIDAD DE LA ESCUELA PRIMARIA RURAL COMO CENTRO CULTURAL DE LA COMUNIDAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

En el presente artículo la autora expone como la ciencia y la cultura influye en la identidad rural de la escuela como centro cultural de la comunidad y reconocen el roll de la escuela primaria rural como institución cultural, contribuyendo a una cultura general integral, con la participación de la familia y la comunidad. Se exponen criterios sobre la formación

María Rosa Núñez González

2012-01-01

50

Rural Schools as a Mechanism for Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A relationship exists between rural schools and rural development. Being an integral part of rural communities and society, these schools are affected by the forces at work within and on their society. Rural society, communities, and schools have been changed by massive forces of industrialization, urbanization, and bureaucratization. Migration…

Moe, Edward O.; Tamblyn, Lewis R.

51

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

52

Scaling the Rural: Reflections on Rural Cultural Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

How can cultural analysis be brought to bear on the rural? This central question for rural cultural studies prompts our exploration of how the rural has been delineated and interpreted in the developed West, as a departure for thinking about new intellectual approaches to rurality that span spaces, times and academic disciplines. In this paper we adopt a broad schema,

Andrew Gorman-Murray; Kate Darian-Smith; Chris Gibson

53

THE EFFECT OF RURALITY ON THE EDUCATION OF RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PHENONMENON OF RURALITY OCCURS ALONG A RURAL-URBAN CONTINUUM, WITH THE DEGREE OF RURALITY DEPENDING UPON ENVIRONMENTAL, OCCUPATIONAL, AND SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS. A HIGH DEGREE OF RURALITY IS LIKELY TO EXIST IN AREAS WHERE POPULATION CENTERS DO NOT EXCEED 2,500 PERSONS, OCCUPATIONS ARE PRIMARILY BASED ON NATURAL RESOURCE AND/OR LAND…

CHARLES, EDGAR B.

54

Rurality Research and Rural Education: Exploratory and Explanatory Power  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents analysed data from the first year of the Rural Teacher Education Project (RTEP 2007-2009) with a view to illustrating how a generative theory of rurality as education research was developed, and for which ends it might be utilised. The article suggests that data from projects in rural communities, which take the rural as…

Balfour, Robert J.

2012-01-01

55

OPPORTUNITIES FOR RURAL YOUTH IN RURAL AREAS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AGRIBUSINESS IS DEFINED AS THE SUM TOTAL OF ALL OPERATIONS INVOLVED IN THE MANUFACTURE AND DISTRIBUTION OF FARM SUPPLIES, PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE ON THE FARM, AND THE STORAGE, PROCESSING, AND DISTRIBUTION OF FARM COMMODITIES AND ITEMS MADE FROM THEM. WITHIN THESE THREE AREAS ARE SEEN MANY JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR RURAL AND URBAN YOUTH HAVING COLLEGE…

DOWLER, LLOYD

56

The Rural Outreach Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Rural Outreach Project was designed to increase the diversity of NASA's workforce by: 1) Conducting educational research designed to investigate the most effective strategies for expanding innovative, NASA-sponsored pre-college programs into rural areas; 2) Field-testing identified rural intervention strategies; 3) Implementing expanded NASA educational programs to include 300 rural students who are disabled, female and/or minority; and 4) Disseminating project strategies. The Project was a partnership that included NASA Langley Research Center's Office of Education, Norfolk State University, Cooperative Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering (CHROME) and Paul D. Camp Community College. There were four goals and activities identified for this project; 1) Ascertain effective strategies for expanding successful NASA-sponsored urban-based, pre-college programs into rural settings; 2) Field test identified rural intervention strategies; 3) Publish or disseminate two reports, concerning project research and activities at a national conference; 4) Provide educational outreach to 300, previously underserved, rural students who are disabled, female and /or minority.

Coleman, Clarence D.

2000-01-01

57

Rural environmental attitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two frequent beliefs about rural environmental attitudes are examined conceptually and empirically: (1) the common conception that rural environmental concerns are expressed predominantly by wealthy community newcomers; and (2) the related position that long-time rural residents are hostile to the environmental cause. We argue conceptually, through the use of a 2×2 community matrix, that environmental attitudes are equally likely to be expressed by what we term “upper middle income newcomers,” “lower middle income newcomers,” “upper middle income locals,” and “lower middle income locals.” Empirically, we find that although wealthy newcomers express the strongest environmental attitudes in the community, their concerns represent only a small percentage of rural environmental attitudes consisting of respondents who make less than 40,000 a year in household income are over 40 years of age, possess less than a college education, and work in a nonprofessional occupation. This new category expresses environmental concerns at least equal to the rest of the community on three of four measures of environmental attitudes. The findings provide insight into the widespread and cross-sectional nature of rural environmental concern. The implication is that environmental groups will find significant sources of political support in rural communities, provided they craft their environmental message in a language consistent with rural attitudes and values. Things are gettin' bad fast. Easterners and environmentalists comin' down here from the big cities are tryin' to turn our way of life completely upside down. A western US rancher quoted in Krakauer (1991)

McBeth, Mark K.; Foster, Richard H.

1994-05-01

58

Criminal Justice in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen papers (largely from the 1979 National Symposium on Rural Justice) explore rural crime, criminals, and the rural criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts and the legal process, and jails and corrections). Each section begins with a synthesis. Part I contains two papers: one addresses past research and future directions of rural

Cronk, Shanler D., Ed.; And Others

59

Rural School Communities in Colorado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Visits to nine of the smallest rural elementary schools in Colorado were conducted to gain insights into types of communities served by the schools. No one definition of "rural" covered all nine communities, so they were classified into six types: predominantly agricultural, rural industrial, stable recreational, ranching/railraod, rural commuter,…

Cousins, Jack

60

Workplace Learning in Rural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people perceive rural America as being an almost completely agricultural, farming, or ranching economy. In fact, less than 7 percent of rural employment is in agriculture; service industries account for over half, and service and manufacturing together account for more than 66 percent of employment in rural areas. Rural regions take 50…

Reardon, Robert F.; Brooks, Ann K.

2008-01-01

61

Economic Dimensions of Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural revitalization was the theme of the 1970s, and rural economic stress is the overriding issue of the 1980s. This stress is associated with both cyclical trends and with basic changes in the structure of the rural economy. These cyclical and structural changes affect, and are affected by, the human resource base of rural economies. Prior to…

Brown, David L.; Deavers, Kenneth L.

62

Changes & Challenges for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of the newsletter SEDLetter contains articles about the challenges facing rural youth, communities, and schools, and the ways that rural schools are meeting those challenges. "When Rural Traditions Really Count" (Ullik Rouk) outlines the rural situation with regard to adolescent substance abuse, youth gangs, teen pregnancy,…

Blair, Leslie Asher, Ed.

2001-01-01

63

1997 Australian Rural Education Award.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nominees for the 1997 Australia Rural Education Award included a program that allowed rural students to follow a young man sailing around the world; a music, dance, and drama competition for rural students; a music camp; a bandicoot conservation project; an agricultural education program; and student documentation of the history of a local rural

Education in Rural Australia, 1997

1997-01-01

64

Rural pharmacy closures: implications for rural communities.  

PubMed

Retail pharmacies provide essential services to residents of rural areas and serve many communities as the sole provider of pharmacist services. Losing the only retail pharmacy within a rural community (census designated city), and within a 10 mile radius based on driving distance ("sole community pharmacy"), may affect access to prescription and over-the-counter drugs and, in some cases, leave the community without proximate access to any clinical provider. This policy brief documents the closure of local retail pharmacies in which the pharmacist was the only clinical provider available in the community at the time the pharmacy closed. Characteristics of the community and the retail pharmacy are described. The findings may suggest future policy actions to minimize the risk or mitigate the negative consequences of pharmacy closures. Key Findings. (1) Between May 1, 2006, and October 31, 2010, 119 sole community pharmacies closed. (2) Of those 119 pharmacies, 31 were located in rural communities with no other health professionals or clinical providers. (3) In 16 states, at least 1 community lost a sole community retail pharmacy, and there was no other pharmacy within 10 miles (actual driving distance). (4) Of the 31 pharmacy closures in communities with no other providers, 17% were located in remote rural areas designated with a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) score of 10 or higher. Such a score means that, on average, 60 minutes of travel time is required to reach an urbanized area, and 40 minutes is required to reach a large urban cluster of 20,000 population or more. PMID:25399456

Todd, Kelli; Ullrich, Fred; Mueller, Keith

2013-01-01

65

Rurality and Mental Health Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diversity within rural areas renders rural–urban comparisons difficult. The association of mental health treatment rates with\\u000a levels of rurality is investigated here using Rural–Urban Continuum Codes. Data from the 1996–1999 panels of the Medical Expenditure\\u000a Panel Survey are aggregated to provide annual treatment rates for respondents reporting mental health problems. Data show\\u000a that residents of the most rural areas receive

Emily J. Hauenstein; Stephen Petterson; Virginia Rovnyak; Elizabeth Merwin; Barbara Heise; Douglas Wagner

2007-01-01

66

Project '80, Rural Michigan Now and in 1980; Rural Family Living and Rural Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine what adjustments the rural family will be making in the next 15 years, this study, a part of Project '80, examines past trends and future projections for the Michigan rural family. The first section on rural family living gives rural family characteristics which include information on transportation, communications, clothing, food,…

Ferrar, Barbara; And Others

67

"Ruralizing" Presidential Job Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural community college presidential job advertisements that focus on geography, politics, and culture can improve the likelihood of a good fit between the senior leader and the institution. (Contains 2 figures.)

Leist, Jay

2007-01-01

68

¿ELECTRIFICACIÓN O ENERGIZACIÓN? MEDIANTE ENERGÍAS ALTERNATIVAS EN ZONAS RURALES 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN . Pasó más de una década del inicio de proyectos of iciales, relacionados básicamente con el suministro de energía eléctrica para zonas rurales en Argentina. El Gobierno Nacional, los Provinciales, ONGs e incl usive algunas empresas particulares, realizaron en los últimos ve inticinco años (para ciertos casos) diversos intent os poniendo en funcionamiento proyectos demostrativos, sistemas concesionados, o bien

Carlos Cadena; Facultad de Ciencias Exactas

2006-01-01

69

African rural settlement patterns.  

PubMed

Rural settlements, characterized by illiteracy, traditionalism, isolationism, and an agricultural economy, dominate Tropical Africa. This paper presents an historical review of settlement evolution from before colonial rule to the present, to provide a better understanding of rural life for government policy formulation purposes. Before colonial rule, the early 19th century slave trade drove many villagers into scattered, remote settlements which were further established by increased food production, and decreased migration. After Africa's partition (1885), various governments concentrated dispersed settlements for security and administrative control. Rural settlements were transformed through colonial force, desires by the villagers for more land and wealth, and new settlement establishment by Europeans. In present day Africa, improved communication, a more diversified economy, and less traditional conservatism still influence rural settlement patterns. Resource development and agricultural and medical reasons currently act to change settlements, but villagers are now compensated for such moves and may even improve their earning power from them. The author describes settlement patterns in Sierra Leone, which typify much of Tropical Africa. Hill settlements, which offered security against intertribal wars, predominated in the 19th Century, but the Hut Tax War (1989) brought tranquility and an improved economy. Today, much of rural Sierra Leone has lost its population to diamond and iron mining areas. Modernization has changed food, housing, settlement size, and arrangement and farming techniques. The author emphasizes the strong environmental influences on settlement evolution and development, and urges a greater understanding of rural settlements to aid in future planning for Tropical Africa's people. PMID:12143658

Kaloko, F R

1983-11-01

70

Rural power quality  

SciTech Connect

Very little published literature is available on the quality of power being delivered to rural industries. This paper will present the results of a detailed power quantity monitoring survey of 17 out of the 23 small rural industries surveyed (i.e., poultry broiler, poultry layer, beef feedlot, and pig (farrow to finish) rural industrial sites) and sponsored by the Canadian Electrical Association; the survey will provide a knowledge base on rural power quality and the possible origins of power supply anomalies. This paper will summarize the major power quality problems experienced at the various industrial sites and present some of the significant results of an across Canada questionnaire survey on On-farm Electrical Power Disturbances. The results of these surveys will provide a basis for mitigating actions by the utilities and their rural industrial customers by enhancing their ability to identify the possible origins of power supply disturbances affecting the performance of electronic and electrical equipment at the various farm industrial sites.

Koval, D.O. (Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Chang, J.C. (Alberta Agriculture Engineering Services Branch, Edmonton (CA)); Leonard, J. (Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering)

1992-07-01

71

Rural Science Education Program  

SciTech Connect

The Rural Science Education Project is an outreach program of the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science with the goal of helping rural elementary schools improve science teaching and learning by using local natural environmental resources. This program is based on the assumption that rural schools, so often described as disadvantaged in terms of curricular resources, actually provide a science teaching advantage because of their locale. The natural environment of mountains, forests, ponds, desert, or fields offers a context for the study of scientific concepts and skills that appeals to many youngsters. To tap these resources, teachers need access to knowledge about the rural school locality`s natural history. Through a process of active participation in school-based workshops and field site studies, teachers observe and learn about the native flora, fauna, geology, and paleontology of their community. In addition, they are exposed to instructional strategies, activities, and provided with materials which foster experimential learning. This school-museum partnership, now in its fifth year, has aided more than 800 rural teachers` on-going professional development. These educators have, in turn, enhanced science education throughout New Mexico for more than 25,000 students.

Intress, C. [New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-12-31

72

The Rural Arena: The Diversity of Protest in Rural England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 15-20 years, the rural areas of England have been used by a wide diversity of groups as the stage for their protest activities. Some have argued that this is due the rise of a rural social movement; this paper contends that rural areas have become both available and advantageous as the locale of protest through a range of interlocking…

Reed, Matt

2008-01-01

73

Putting Rural Readers on the Map: Strategies for Rural Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript provides readers with practical, evidence-based strategies, which have potential to enhance literacy instruction in rural schools. Rural teachers will find this manuscript especially useful as the unique characteristics, disparities and needs frequently present in rural communities are discussed, as well as, specific suggestions on…

Lester, Laura

2012-01-01

74

Rural Youth as a Factor of Rural Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine West German rural youths' involvement in and availability to the mechanism of social change, surveys of youth aged 17-28 in towns of less than 5,000 people were made in 1955, 1968, and 1980. Between 1955 and 1980 the social structure of rural youth changed dramatically, especially in employment. In 1955, 55% of rural youth…

Planck, Ulrich

75

Agriculture and Rurality: Beginning the "Final Separation"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When is a farm a farm? When is rural rural? Has the issue of the rural-urban continuum returned? Decades ago rural sociology worked itself into two blind alleys: rural-urban differences and attempts to define the rural-urban fringe. Although these conceptual problems eventually were exhausted, recent developments in California raise the…

Friedland, William H.

2002-01-01

76

Preparing Teachers for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the problems faced by teachers in rural and small schools and advances the need for inservice and preservice programs to teach special competencies necessary for teachers in rural communities. (SB)

Guenther, John; Weible, Tom

1983-01-01

77

FAMILY BACKGROUND OF RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FAMILY BACKGROUNDS OF RURAL YOUTH ARE DISCUSSED. THE BACKGROUND PROVIDED BY THE FAMILY HAS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ADJUSTMENT OF RURAL YOUTH IN AN URBANIZED, HIGHLY TECHNICAL SOCIETY. THE BASIC ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF RURAL AREAS INFLUENCE THE RATE OF SOCIAL CHANGE, THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AS A SOCIAL UNIT, AND THE ORIENTATION TOWARD LEGAL…

COPP, JAMES H.

78

Rural Libraries and Community Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of rural public libraries in the information age. Characteristics of rural communities that library planners should consider are conservatism, the lack of professionally trained librarians, library trustee involvement, the need for marketing, and gender balance. Suggestions for recreating rural libraries and providing…

Vavrek, Bernard

1995-01-01

79

Rural Education: A Changing Landscape.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection features 11 papers from a national symposium on rural education. The papers are consistent in noting that while there are common elements among all schools regardless of location, rural schools operate within a unique context. Several papers address the diversity of rural locales and the challenges educators face in such locales.…

Daly, Carson, Ed.; Stern, Joyce D., Ed.

80

Juvenile Justice in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Producing a much-needed organized body of literature about rural juvenile justice, 14 papers (largely from the 1979 National Symposium on Rural Justice) are organized to identify current issues, identify forces causing changes in current systems, review programs responding to rural juvenile justice problems, and provide planning models to aid…

Jankovic, Joanne, Ed.; And Others

81

Recruiting Teachers for Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unquestionably, rural schools face many obstacles in their attempts to attract teachers. However, a survey of preservice teachers working in rural districts found that many of these obstacles stem from misconceptions or a lack of knowledge about what it means to live and work in a rural area. Perception, however, is reality and therefore deserves…

Simmons, Betty Jo

2005-01-01

82

Rurality and Rural Education: Discourses Underpinning Rurality and Rural Education Research in South African Postgraduate Education Research 1994-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, rurality and rural education have been marginalised bodies of knowledge in South Africa. The post-1994 era has seen an emerging government concern to address the continuing interplay between poverty, HIV/AIDS, underdevelopment, and underachievement in schools categorised as rural. To address these concerns, scholars in South African…

Nkambule, T.; Balfour, R. J.; Pillay, G.; Moletsane, R.

2011-01-01

83

Future Issues in Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many rural schools today are faced with problems of inadequate facilities and instructional materials, limited course offerings, inadequate funding, poor teaching, and limited job opportunities for students. Rural young people, particularly women, have bleak prospects for post-secondary education or non-traditional employment. Because rural youth…

Amodeo, Luiza B.; And Others

84

OCLC and Rural Library Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of ways in which OCLC can be used by rural libraries to enhance the library services offered to rural Americans suggests that OCLC is a type of technology that can be used to overcome the insufficiency of funds to finance library services. OCLC products and services that are particularly relevant to small, rural public libraries…

Walters, Clarence R.

85

National Rural Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop a list of research priorities for rural education, members of the Rural Education Association's (REA) Research Committee and Executive Board were asked to rank order nine thematic research categories. The ranking process resulted in the following list (starting with the highest priority): (1) rural school effectiveness; (2) staff…

Barker, Bruce O.; Stephens, E. Robert

86

RURAL TEACHER'S GUIDE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TEACHERS AND LOCAL BOARDS OF NAPA COUNTY'S RURAL SCHOOLS ARE PLACED IN THE POSITION OF PROVIDING EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP TO THE COMMUNITIES WHICH LACK GUIDANCE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS. RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM THE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT AND MATERIALS AVAILABLE FROM LOCAL SCHOOLS ARE LISTED. THE SUPERINTENDENT PROVIDES A COUNTY CONSULTANT TO AID IN…

Napa County Schools, CA.

87

Small Rural School Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low cost or no cost ideas for programs in smaller rural schools are listed. Areas covered include public relations, special programs and curriculum. Based on the experience of a small school district in Elizabeth, Illinois, these ideas include the school's relationship to students, faculty and the community; extracurricular activities relating to…

Burgett, James

88

Reluctant Rural Regionalists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These…

Hall, Peter V.; Stern, Pamela

2009-01-01

89

Rural cultural economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable work has now been conducted into the ways in which the countryside and related products are commodified, yet relatively few accounts have attempted to examine the factors affecting local resident participation in this so-called “commodification dynamic”. The aim of this paper is to explore some of these factors through a case study of tourism development in rural Brittany. It

Moya Kneafsey

2001-01-01

90

Rural Information Network.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the National Public Telecomputing Network's (NPTN) development of free, public-access, community computer systems throughout the United States. It also provides information on how to initiate a "Free-Net" through the Rural Information Network. Free-Nets are multi-user systems with some of the power and sophistication of…

National Public Telecomputing Network, Cleveland, OH.

91

Rural Internet Connectivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A positive relationship has been found between access to telecommunications capabilities and improved economic development. However, the deployment of systems that deliver toll-free Internet access favors urban regions. This research examines Internet service providers' (ISP) operations in rural portions of Texas, Iowa, Louisiana, and West…

Strover, Sharon

92

Energy requirements for rural development  

SciTech Connect

This study on the role of energy in the development of rural areas was originally conducted in the spring and summer of 1985. It was intended to serve as a background paper for the preparation of a program plan for the Office of Energy of the United States Agency for International Development. As such it begins with a brief overview of how rural development fits into national development, then offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about rural development in particular and the energy implications of the various components of rural development. Agriculture naturally comes to mind when rural areas are mentioned, but industry is an important component of rural activity as well. Consequently, both agricultural and nonagricultural energy use is discussed. Modernization of rural areas will change household, as well as production, energy use. However, household energy use is a veritable subject in its own right, with a large literature. Consequently, that topic is discussed in less detail than the production energy topics.

Jones, D.W.

1988-06-01

93

The rural context of health care provision.  

PubMed

By first laying out some of the major threads involved in the fabric of rurality and rural care, we consider the major interrelated issues in rural care provision before reviewing the larger universal contextual issues of rurality and care. By reflecting on the many definitions of 'rural', we infer that defining 'rural' is a difficult research and practice challenge. We conclude by suggesting that a holistic, place-specific definition of 'rural' may provide the basis to best understand the attributes and challenges of rural places in addressing the complex and problematic professional context of rural interprofessional care provision. PMID:12028892

Williams, Allison M; Cutchin, Malcolm P

2002-05-01

94

Rural Viability Index: A Tool for Assessing Rural Communities  

E-print Network

for the limited resources of government. Especially in this period of difficult budget restrictions, public officials can only fund the projects that will produce the most for their communities. The Rural Viability Index is designed to provide public... officials with critical information that will help them decide where they might best spend their budget dollars. The Rural Viability Index (Index) is an easy-to-use survey that measures the current status of Texas? rural communities The Index helps...

Bearden, Christi; Cruz, Nelda; Heinsohn, Heidi; Kuzaro, Jami; Norton, Keller; Richardson, Willis; Wood, Meghan

2004-01-01

95

Center for Rural Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Vermont, the Center for Rural Studies draws on the strengths of professors, researchers, and community development experts to address the "social, economic, and resource-based problems of rural people and communities." Visitors to the site are presented with a wide range of ways to access the reports, data tables, and other such information offered here. One of the site's highlights is the Vermont Indicators Online project, which includes detailed information about the towns, villages, and counties contained within the boundaries of this free-spirited state. What is particularly nice about this project is that the data can also be browsed through a visualization tool that allows visitors to zoom in and out across the state.

2005-01-01

96

Delinquent Behavior of Dutch Rural Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares Dutch rural and non-rural adolescents' delinquent behavior and examines two social correlates of rural delinquency: communal social control and traditional rural culture. The analyses are based on cross-sectional data, containing 3,797 participants aged 13-18 (48.7% females). The analyses show that rural adolescents are only…

Weenink, Don

2011-01-01

97

CHANGING SCHOOL NEEDS IN RURAL AREAS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AS THE RURAL ECONOMY HAS BECOME MORE AFFECTED BY AUTOMATION, RURAL SOCIETY HAS BECOME MORE INDUSTRIAL. FARM POPULATION AND THE NUMBER OF FARMS HAVE DECREASED, WHILE NON-FARM RURAL POPULATION HAS INCREASED. THE CHANGING RURAL SCENE IS REFLECTED IN CHANGES IN RURAL EDUCATION. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES HAVE GREATLY INCREASED DUE TO SCHOOL…

RHODES, ALVIN E.

98

Southern Rural Development Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson declared war on rural poverty during their time in the White House, there has been an overriding concern with alleviating the persistently high levels of poverty in the American South. A number of organizations have developed to provide assistance to the region, and the Southern Rural Development Center (SRDC), located at Mississippi State University is one such entity. The center's mission statement reflects this sentiment, as it notes its primary directive is "to strengthen the capacity of the region's 29-land grant institutions to address critical contemporary development issues impacting the well-being of people and communities in the rural South." Visitors interested in these issues will find plenty to examine here, as they may elect to view a calendar of germane events (such as regional science conferences and the like), look over a list of their primary focus areas, learn about available funding opportunities, and download any number of policy publications and newsletters which date back to 1993.

99

Rural Health in Pharmacy Curricula  

PubMed Central

The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act proposes strategies to address the workforce shortages of primary care practitioners in rural America. This review addresses the question, “What specialized education and training are colleges and schools of pharmacy providing for graduates who wish to enter pharmacy practice in rural health?” All colleges and schools accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or those in precandidate status as of December 2011 were included in an Internet-based review of Web sites. A wide scope of curricular offerings were found, ranging from no description of courses or experiences in a rural setting to formally developed programs in rural pharmacy. Although the number of pharmacy colleges and schools providing either elective or required courses in rural health is encouraging, more education and training with this focus are needed to help overcome the unmet need for quality pharmacy care for rural populations. PMID:23193344

Thrasher, Kim; O'Connor, Shanna K.

2012-01-01

100

Política educativa i escola rural durant el franquisme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aquest article presenta una panoràmica general del que va ser la política educativa sobre l'escola rural durant l'època franquista (1936\\/1939-1975). S'incideix de manera especial en aquells aspectes i models organitzatius (com per exemple les escoles graduades, les escoles comarcals i molt especialment les escoles llar) que frenaren i obstaculitzaren el correcte desenvolupament d'un prototipus d'escola que amb el pas del

Jordi Feu i Gelis

2006-01-01

101

50 CFR 100.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Rural determinations. 100...MONUMENTS SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR PUBLIC...Determinations § 100.23 Rural determinations. ...Board has determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...

2013-10-01

102

36 CFR 242.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Rural determinations... SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.23 Rural determinations...determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...of Subsistence Management. The...

2012-07-01

103

50 CFR 100.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Rural determinations... SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 100.23 Rural determinations...determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...of Subsistence Management. The...

2012-10-01

104

36 CFR 242.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Rural determinations... SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.23 Rural determinations...determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...of Subsistence Management. The...

2013-07-01

105

7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503...Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...designated by the Office of Management and Budget,...

2013-01-01

106

50 CFR 100.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Rural determinations... SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 100.23 Rural determinations...determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...of Subsistence Management. The...

2011-10-01

107

7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503...Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...designated by the Office of Management and Budget,...

2011-01-01

108

36 CFR 242.23 - Rural determinations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Rural determinations... SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.23 Rural determinations...determined all communities and areas to be rural in accordance...of Subsistence Management. The...

2011-07-01

109

7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503...Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...designated by the Office of Management and Budget,...

2012-01-01

110

7 CFR 25.503 - Rural areas.  

...2014-01-01 false Rural areas. 25.503...Secretary of Agriculture RURAL EMPOWERMENT ZONES AND ENTERPRISE COMMUNITIES Special Rules § 25.503 Rural areas. (a) What constitutes...designated by the Office of Management and Budget,...

2014-01-01

111

Rural Development: What's Coming--What's Needed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The speech, delivered 1 June 1978 at the Western Roundup Regional Conference on Rural Home Services (University of Montana, Missoula), indicates that rural America has suffered from neglect, disorganization, and the lack of a federal rural development policy. (B R)

Hyde, Henry

1978-01-01

112

Nursing assessment of older rural drivers.  

PubMed

Fifty rural nurses and 75 rural elders participated in a study to (a) explore the perceptions of nurses regarding their role in assessing the driving abilities of rural elders and (b) to describe the nurse's influence on rural elders' decision to stop driving. Findings suggest that, although driving safety of rural elders is of concern to nurses, they do not discuss these concerns with their clients, and rural elders do not discuss driving with nurses. PMID:9834558

Johnson, J E

1998-01-01

113

Delinquent Behavior of Dutch Rural Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares Dutch rural and non-rural adolescents’ delinquent behavior and examines two social correlates of rural\\u000a delinquency: communal social control and traditional rural culture. The analyses are based on cross-sectional data, containing\\u000a 3,797 participants aged 13–18 (48.7% females). The analyses show that rural adolescents are only slightly less likely to engage\\u000a in delinquent behavior. Furthermore, while rural adolescents are

Don Weenink

2011-01-01

114

Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities  

E-print Network

Industry V. Developing Rural Knowledge Indicators 20 VI. Industry Clusters & Intelligent Transportation, but includes the components of local institutions and history as important drivers in the success of rural as innovative, interrelated groups of firms located outside metropolitan areas, deriving competitive advantages

Levinson, David M.

115

The Changing Rural Scene: The Rural Setting--General.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1920, farm people comprised 61% of the rural population; in 1950, however, 60% of the rural population was composed of non-farm people. This change is attributed to increased agricultural efficiency and to expansion of industry and military services. From 1960 to 1966 the net out-migration averaged 804,000 persons per year from farm to city.…

Moe, Edward O.

116

Rural Knowledge Clusters: Innovation and Vitality in America's Rural Communities  

E-print Network

Summary 1 I. Context: The Challenge of Rural Community Vitality in a Knowledge-Based Global Economy 5 II Studies 15 Mankato: Wireless technologies 17 Alexandria: Automation technologies 25 Northwest Minnesota challenges to prosperity and vitality in a knowledge-based global economy. Traditional sources of rural

Levinson, David M.

117

Rural Scene Perspective Transformations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a method for converting Landsat imagery of natural rural scenes to horizontal viewing perspectives in a digital image processing system. The technique uses digital terrain images for a three-dimensional representation of the scene. Full color pixel-by-pixel (as opposed to skeletal or graphical) images are synthesized, and hidden pixels are eliminated. A sequence of synthesized images of the Colorado River basin is shown. Examples of panoramic and orthographic projections are also shown. An appendix presents a method for converting a contour map into a digital terrain map in raster format.

Devich, Robert N.; Weinhaus, Frederick M.

1982-06-01

118

Introduction to Rural America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise was designed for a sociology course and focuses on rural youth in the United States. Students will complete an exercise of simplified recreation of study data and then take on the role as researchers and use their own class data for hypothesis formulation and testing. The data is compiled by the instructor and cross-tabulations are run for each variable. Student then devise original hypotheses and analyze the data using their choice of variables from the data set. This activity utilizes a recreation of study survey of students in the class to create a unique dataset for students to analyze.

Redlin, Meredith

119

New Partnerships in Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To stress one of this nation's greatest strengths--its ability to form groups or partnerships to solve problems, such as providing quality education to rural America--academic year 1983-84 was proclaimed "National Year of Partnerships in Education." The Intra-Agency Committee on Rural Education, composed of representatives of the 14 major offices…

Worthington, Robert M.

120

Noise Exposures of Rural Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This project was conducted to characterize the noise exposure of adolescents living in rural and agricultural environments. Methods: From May to October, 25 adolescents ages 13 through 17, living either on a farm or a rural nonfarm, were enrolled in the study. Subjects received training on the correct operation and use of personal noise…

Humann, Michael; Sanderson, Wayne; Flamme, Greg; Kelly, Kevin M.; Moore, Genna; Stromquist, Ann; Merchant, James A.

2011-01-01

121

Gifted Education in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes responses of 35 state gifted education consultants and 76 teachers of gifted students in rural areas to survey of rural gifted programming. Finds many needs for gifted programming involving cooperative efforts, adequate funding, use of community resources, more consistent/appropriate identification methods, teacher influence, and role…

Meriweather, Suzanne; Karnes, Frances A.

1986-01-01

122

Going Digital in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the extent to which rural America is digital--has access to the Internet and to newer technologies such as wireless broadband--and discusses rural supply and demand for "going digital." Supply aspects include issues of both infrastructure and public policy. Demand aspects include entrepreneurs (business users) and others with…

Malecki, Edward J.

123

Finding Fairness for Rural Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-poverty schools in rural areas and small towns are under attack from state policy makers who want to consolidate these schools in order to save money. In addition to calls for consolidation, rural schools also are threatened by unfair and inadequate funding formulas.

Strange, Marty

2011-01-01

124

Women and the Rural Idyll.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on the current debate about the cultural construction of rurality and on interviews with 64 women in the village of East Harptree, Avon, England, to show how women's perceptions of the rural idyll were embedded in their lifestyles, identities, role as mothers, patterns of behavior, values, and relationships. Contains 31 references. (SV)

Little, Jo; Austin, Patricia

1996-01-01

125

Rural Community Library in 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores what the rural library will look like in 2001, and envisions rural information needs and the roles the library will assume to meet those needs. Demographically, the year 2001 will see an aging population, low population growth, and a rising percentage of racial minorities. Key areas of public concern will be the environment and…

Walsh, Jan

126

Harmonious development of rural tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tries to study the harmonious development of rural tourism on the basis of fuzzy evaluation. Evaluation system on the harmonious development of rural tourism is designed in terms of economy, politics, culture, environment and management. The weight of first and second level indexes are determined firstly by factor analysis and then by normalization. And the case study is

Xuejing Zhang; Shifeng Li

2011-01-01

127

Issues of Rural Light Pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light pollution is generally considered mostly an urban problem. Common sources of light pollution are poorly designed lighting of streets, parking lots, businesses and advertizing signs and for security. These sources, and the amount of light pollution generated, increase with population density. Nevertheless, light pollution can also be significant in rural areas. Rural light pollution differs from that in urban

W. H. Osborn; R. L. Hammer; A. Hammer

2001-01-01

128

BOOTLEGGING AND RURAL CRIMINAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the organization of the bootlegging of illicit alcohol in “dry,” rural counties located in Kentucky's Appalachian region. Using a participant observation methodology, the study focuses on organizational variables such as size of the illicit enterprise, its geographic scope, the characteristics of participants and other illicit goods and services provided in an attempt to describe the rural bootlegging

Robert S. Davis; Gary W. Potter

1991-01-01

129

Rural Australia Providing Climate Solutions  

E-print Network

report aims to help identify the potential, problems, and priorities for rural businesses and communities to realise this potential, and estimates the associated benefits for Australia rural businesses of emissions trading on competitiveness will depend on the details of policy implementation and accompanying

Queensland, University of

130

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

131

Rural Energy-Conservation Program  

SciTech Connect

The Rural Energy Conservation Program is a Cooperative Extension Service educational program stressing improved energy efficiency and encouraging a self-help atmosphere among rural and small town residents. Included here are program promotion materials, project schedules, workshop agendas, heat loss and home insulation analysis worksheets, program evaluation worksheets, heating system analysis materials, and client interview data sheets. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-01-01

132

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

133

Los posibles efectos de la liberalización comercial en los hogares rurales centroamericanos a partir de un modelo desagregado para la economía rural: Caso de Nicaragua  

Microsoft Academic Search

El presente trabajo se enmarca en el contexto de la ratificación de Nicaragua del tratado de libre comercio DR-CAFTA en 2005. El objetivo del estudio es desarrollar un modelo que permita analizar los posibles impactos de la apertura comercial en los hogares rurales nicaragüenses, con una perspectiva microeconómica que incorpore las diversidades entre los hogares y las complejidades en sus

J. Edward Taylor; Antonio Yúñez Naude; Nancy Jesurun-Clements; Eduardo Baumeister; Ana Lissette Amaya; Ramón Canales; Miguel Alemán; Guy Delmelle

2006-01-01

134

USDA: Rural and Community Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States government has been involved in rural development support for over seventy years, and the United States Department of Agriculture's Rural and Community Development program has spearheaded many of these initiatives directly. Users of the site should first look at their homepage, which provides recent announcements and website features, such as information about rural development policy and related pieces of legislation. The homepage also includes information on backyard conservation, utility services, and drought assistance. Near the bottom of the homepage, visitors will find links to recent reports, such as "Promoting Tourism in Rural America". Additionally, the homepage also provides access to the Journal of Extension and Rural Cooperatives Magazine. Finally, the site also includes a database of farmers' markets across the United States.

135

Women in rural development.  

PubMed

The integration of women in rural development means something more than mere labor involvement, but there has never been a clear definition of what it means. 4 principal concerns of policy-makers are briefly described as they affect women: unemployment and inadequate employment; 2) the satisfaction of basic needs and women's participation in decision-making; 3) population issues; and 4) rural-to-urban migration. The actual inter-household and inter-personal distribution of more work and higher productivity work could result in some hard-working people working even longer hours because of additional tasks with others losing their intermittent employment opportunities due to mechanization. These contradictions can be particularly acute for women. The non-material basic need of decision-making powers is more important in the case of women than of men, yet the personal status of women is being threatened by the institution-building that accompanies peasant-based agricultural intensification plans and anti-poverty programs. The education of females has been seen as a possible factor favoring family planning. In addition, education for women can mean access to public information and new expectations from life for themselves. At this time more women than men seem to be migrating to towns and cities in a number of countries with varied economic structures. 3 cases studies of agricultural development in Kenya, Bangladesh and Java, Indonesia are presented. PMID:12336530

Palmer, I

1980-01-01

136

Let's Go Rural: Influencing Decision Makers. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several targets, tools and strategies can help the novice director of programs for preschool handicapped children in rural isolated areas work with advocates and volunteers who may offer valuable help, but who need information and direction. The fragility of intercommunity relationships in rural areas often requires the sensitive use of talents…

Phillipp, Louise, Comp.

137

Rural Policy Matters: A Newsletter of Rural School & Community Action, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the 11 issues of the newsletter "Rural Policy Matters" published in 2001. Issues examine recent educational research on small and rural schools; report on court litigation related to rural school finance, local advocacy efforts in support of rural schools, and the condition of rural school facilities; outline policy issues…

Rural Policy Matters, 2001

2001-01-01

138

"How to Be a Rural Man": Young Men's Performances and Negotiations of Rural Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with young rural men and how they "do" identity politics living in a rural area of Norway. Focusing on how masculinity and rurality are constructed and interrelated in young men's narratives of living in a remote community, it is identified that young rural men reproduce, negotiate and transform local discourses of rural

Bye, Linda Marie

2009-01-01

139

Learning To Find the "Niches"; Rural Education and Vitalizing Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past two decades, rural America has undergone substantial restructuring that affects both rural education and prospects for rural economic development. Rural restructuring has made rural America more economically dependent and more economically and socially diverse, has replaced relatively autonomous communities with regional units of…

Hobbs, Daryl

140

Rural Roots: News, Information, and Commentary from the Rural School and Community Trust, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the first eight issues of "Rural Roots"--two published in 2000 and six published bimonthly in 2001. A newsletter of the Rural School and Community Trust, "Rural Roots" provides news, information, and commentary from the Rural Trust and highlights the wide variety of place-based education work happening in rural schools and…

Westra, Kathryn E., Ed.; Yaunches, H. Alison, Ed.

2001-01-01

141

Rural male suicide in Australia.  

PubMed

The rate of suicide amongst Australia's rural men is significantly higher than rural women, urban men or urban women. There are many explanations for this phenomenon including higher levels of social isolation, lower socio-economic circumstances and ready access to firearms. Another factor is the challenge of climate transformation for farmers. In recent times rural areas of Australia have been subject to intense climate change events including a significant drought that has lingered on for over a decade. Climate variability together with lower socio-economic conditions and reduced farm production has combined to produce insidious impacts on the health of rural men. This paper draws on research conducted over several years with rural men working on farms to argue that attention to the health and well-being of rural men requires an understanding not only of these factors but also of the cultural context, inequitable gender relations and a dominant form of masculine hegemony that lauds stoicism in the face of adversity. A failure to address these factors will limit the success of health and welfare programs for rural men. PMID:20541304

Alston, Margaret

2012-02-01

142

Mental Health Issues in Rural Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers cover recent developments in rural mental health nursing. "Rural Mental Health Care: A Survey of the Research" (Karen Babich) chronicles recent interest in understanding the rural population's character and the nature of mental health services needed by and provided to rural America. Lauren Aaronson ("Using Health Beliefs in a Nursing…

Babich, Karen S., Comp.

143

Rural Areas Weaning Themselves from Farming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Farm policy alone is no longer a sufficient development policy for today's rural America. Rural economies have changed over the last 30-40 years from reliance on farming to greater reliance on manufacturing and service industries. Rural economic development policies need to reflect today's changed rural economy. (Author)

Carlin, Thomas A.

1987-01-01

144

Outcomes of Rural Training Tracks: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural training tracks (RTT) encourage family medicine residents to enter into rural practice. Studies reveal that 76 percent of RTT graduates are practicing in rural America and that graduates feel prepared for rural practice. However, RTTs produced only 107 graduates during 1989-99. Without significant investment, this model can not supply enough…

Rosenthal, Thomas C.

2000-01-01

145

Rural Areas Feel Effects of Macroeconomic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diversification of rural economies and changes in financial markets and world trade have broken down many barriers that insulated rural areas in the past. United States rural areas--the rural South and Northeast in particular--now appear to be affected slightly more than urban areas by national monetary and fiscal policies. (JHZ)

Malley, James R.; Hady, Thomas F.

1987-01-01

146

Creating Vibrant Communities & Economies in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the economic expansion of the 1990s was felt even in small towns and rural areas, events in recent months point out that the economic health of rural America remains fragile. Rural manufacturing has suffered sizable employment declines in recent months and only modest expansion has occurred in the service sector--the lifeblood of rural

Beaulieu, Lionel J.

147

Gender, Class and Rurality: Australian Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interrelationship between gender and class in rural spaces has received little attention. While rural scholars have focused on the implications for class from processes of gentrification and agricultural and rural restructuring, these analyses have remained largely ungendered. Similarly, feminist rural studies have rarely explored subjectivity…

Bryant, Lia; Pini, Barbara

2009-01-01

148

Remote Possibilities: Rural Children's Educational Aspirations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better understand the influence of rural context on youth's life chances, this study takes up the question of rural children's educational aspirations. The experience of rural life may, as some claim, limit students' educational aspirations. Yet there are indications that rural communities simultaneously generate important social benefits that…

Howley, Caitlin W.

2006-01-01

149

The Experiences of the Rural School Counselor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a qualitative study of the experiences of rural school counselors. Asserts that rural school counselors encounter unique circumstances warranting consideration in counselor education programs. Suggests the development of practicums and internships in rural settings, exposure to relevant literature pertaining to rural

Morrissette, Patrick J.

2000-01-01

150

Rural Elementary School Teachers' Technology Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey responses from more than 500 third-grade teachers, this study addressed three research questions relating to technology integration and its impact in rural elementary schools. The first analyses compared rural with non-rural teachers, revealing that the rural teachers had more positive attitudes toward technology integration. Then…

Howley, Aimee; Wood, Lawrence; Hough, Brian

2011-01-01

151

Rural Gifted Education: A Comprehensive Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of literature about gifted rural education reveals not only important information but the need for further work. The concepts presented have applicability that is not exclusively rural, but they derive from studies done with rural students and take rural culture, history, and circumstances into account. Understanding the context of…

Lawrence, Barbara Kent

2009-01-01

152

The Impact of Agribusiness on Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic growth of multinational agribusiness corporations has led to all types of rural decline--social, demographic, institutional, and environmental. Historically, rural inhabitants and rural land have been abused and neglected in the name of progress. Rural development efforts often attract small assembly or light manufacturing plants that…

Theobald, Paul

153

76 FR 80217 - Rural Business Investment Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Business-Cooperative Service Rural Utilities Service Farm Service Agency 7 CFR Part 1940 Rural Business-Cooperative...Utilities Service; Rural Housing Service; and Farm Service Agency, USDA. ACTION: Interim...Program (RBIP) to conform it to the 2008 Farm Bill, to add provisions for Rural...

2011-12-23

154

A Survey of Rural Schools in Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes results of a 1981 survey of 162 small rural schools in Montana. Notes that teachers cited educational finance as the main rural education problem and that Montana's rural teachers receive few incentives. Reports results pertaining to preparing teachers for rural settings, curriculum development, school-community relationships, and…

Gardener, Clark E.

1984-01-01

155

Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State  

E-print Network

Rural Knowledge Clusters: Implications for Minnesota State Colleges and Universities Prepared for. The Institute does not itself take positions on issues of public policy. #12;Rural Knowledge Clusters 3 Rural Knowledge Clusters: Model of Rural Innovation 5 Approach and Research Design 8 Case Studies

Levinson, David M.

156

Need for Improvement of Rural School Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Accounting Agency estimates that one third of the nation's schools are in need of extensive repairs or replacement of one or more buildings. The condition of America's rural schools are at a crisis stage and need to be improved to continue to educate rural youth. This paper profiles the state of rural schools' infrastructure, rural

Hodges, V. Pauline

157

Bassett healthcare rural surgery experience.  

PubMed

The surgical training at Bassett is naturally broader than in many university settings, with a survey showing that nearly 70% of graduates who practice general surgery remain in a rurally designated area. Rural surgery experience falls into 3 categories: undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. The general surgery training program has no competing fellowships or subspecialty residencies; residents get significant experience with endoscopy; ear, nose, and throat; plastic and hand surgery; and obstetrics and gynecology. The rural setting lifestyle is valued by the students, residents, and fellows alike. It provides an ideal setting for recognizing the specific nuances of small-town American life, with a high-quality education and surgical experience. PMID:19944814

Borgstrom, David C; Heneghan, Steven J

2009-12-01

158

Rural Drag: Settler Colonialism and the Queer Rhetorics of Rurality  

E-print Network

In the United States, rural culture is frequently thought of as traditional and “authentically” American. This belief stems from settler colonial histories in which Native lands are stolen and “settled” by white colonial communities. Through...

Nichols, Garrett Wedekind

2013-07-16

159

SOME DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RURAL YOUTH, DEFINED AS THOSE AGED 15 TO 24, COMPRISE AN IMPORTANT PORTION OF THE U.S. POPULATION. THEY NUMBER 7.5 MILLION PERSONS, WITH 5.7 MILLION RESIDING IN RURAL-NONFARM AREAS AND 1.8 MILLION RESIDING IN RURAL-FARM AREAS. RURAL-NONFARM AND RURAL-FARM YOUTH IN THESE AGES FORM A LARGER PERCENTAGE OF THEIR RESPECTIVE TOTAL POPULATION THAN URBAN…

BEEGLE, J. ALLAN

160

The changing rural environment and the relationship between health services and rural development.  

PubMed Central

Author summarizes today's changing rural America and the challenges that health services researchers and policymakers face in relating the rural environment to the problems and possibilities of rural health services delivery. PMID:2917874

Cordes, S M

1989-01-01

161

Office of Rural Health Policy  

MedlinePLUS

... live. Open Funding Opportunities HRSA-15-039 Rural Health Care Services Outreach Apply at Grants.gov by November 14 All Open Opportunities About ORHP Policy and Research Policy & Research Programs Community-Based Programs ...

162

Identifying the potential rural optometrist.  

PubMed

Rural optometrists were found to differ from urban optometrists in background, environmental attitude, and interest patterns. Attitude toward the urban environment and place of origin were the best predictors of an optometrist's practice location. When "urbanism" and "origin" were scaled and placed in a multiple regression equation to predict practice location, identification of an optometrist's location as rural or urban was highly accurate. Most importantly, scores on the equation were predictive of optometry students' future practice locations. A single cut-off point on the equation correctly identified 79% of students who entered rural or isolated small city practice and 81% of those who entered urban practice. The findings suggest that optometry students most likely to enter rural (or indeed urban) practice can be objectively identified early in, or even prior to, training. Such identification may assist educators in selecting and training optometrists who will deliver vision care to people in areas of greatest need. PMID:984177

Kegel-Flom, P

1976-09-01

163

Predictors of rural practice location.  

PubMed

Attitudes toward the urban environment and place of origin were found to be the best predictors of an optometrist's practice location. When urbanism attitude and origin were scaled and placed in an equation to predict practice location, identification of an optometrist's practice location as rural or urban was highly accurate. Most important, scores on the equation were predictive of optometry students' future practice location. A single cutoff point on the equation correctly identified 79 percent of students who entered a rural or isolated small city practice and 81 percent of those who entered urban practice. The findings imply that optometry students most likely to enter rural practice can be objectively identified early in their training. If certain factors affecting choice of practice location are common to all health professions, the predictive equation presented here may be useful in the selection of students for rural practice in medicine. PMID:839513

Kegel-Flom, P

1977-03-01

164

A Model for Rural Oncology  

PubMed Central

Small rural hospitals in the United States have had challenging issues developing sustainable oncology programs. This is a report on the development of a successful rural oncology program. In 2006, the Tahoe Forest Health System in Truckee, CA, a remote mountain resort town, started a cancer program that was focused on addressing patient and family fears that are common to all cancer patients but more frightening in the rural setting. Four years later, it is a thriving program with significant community support, a creative academic affiliation, and a central focus of the future of the hospital. The Tahoe Forest Cancer Center developed a sustainable model for high quality cancer care that overcomes geographic, cultural and financial barriers. This structure may serve as a model for national rural health care. PMID:21886498

Heifetz, Laurence J.; Christensen, Scott D.; deVere-White, Ralph W.; Meyers, Fredrick J.

2011-01-01

165

Assessment of Rural Health Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The final report represents an intermediate stage toward a systems approach to a problem oriented knowledge assessment of rural health services research. It embodies the gathering, screening, inventorying (bibliographic) and evaluating classifying of rura...

G. Singleton, J. Wooten, S. Wyban, D. Cooke, H. Friedman

1974-01-01

166

Sexual Assault In Rural Communities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When sexually assaulted in a rural community, victims often find that opportunities for medical, legal or emotional services are very limited, or even nonexistent. Their economic situation and geographic isolation may further limit their options. Strong c...

S. H. Lewis

2003-01-01

167

TURISMO RURAL-CULTURAL: EL CASO DEL MUNICIPIO DE SAN JUAN LA LAGUNA, GUATEMALA  

Microsoft Academic Search

El turismo es un fenómeno social moderno que reviste importancia en la economía del mundo y en el caso de Guatemala, no es la excepción. Este hecho social se caracteriza por su complejidad; empero se le considera una alternativa socio-económica capaz de propiciar la integración de sectores sociales ubicados en espacios geográficos denominados como medios rurales. Esta actividad presenta diversidad

Enrique Rascón Palacio

2010-01-01

168

Stress in rural law enforcement.  

PubMed

Questionnaires and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were administered to rural police officers to determine whether stressful factors were comparable to those of urban officers. Most (90%) indicated the job was stressful, but traditional measures of police stress failed to support this perception. It is suggested that the denial of the effects of stress may be a prerequisite to successful performance in rural law enforcement. PMID:6877982

Bergen, G T; Bartol, C R

1983-06-01

169

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Rural determination process...MONUMENTS SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 100.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2012-10-01

170

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Rural determination process...AGRICULTURE SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2012-07-01

171

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Rural determination process...MONUMENTS SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 100.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2011-10-01

172

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Rural determination process...AGRICULTURE SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2011-07-01

173

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Rural determination process...MONUMENTS SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 100.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2013-10-01

174

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Rural determination process...AGRICULTURE SUBSISTENCE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS FOR... § 242.15 Rural determination process...determine if an area or community in Alaska is rural...in evaluating a community's rural or...

2013-07-01

175

Industrialization and the Processes of Stratification in Rural Societies: A Comparison of Rural India and Rural United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Status attainment processes of the experienced civilian labor force of rural India and rural United States were analyzed by using the Blau-Duncan model, for the first time employing that model to compare rural sectors of an agrarian society with those in an industrial society. United States data were obtained from the 1962 Occupational Changes in…

Sharda, Bam Dev; Elder, Joseph W.

176

Modeling Rural Business Innovation: A Farm Diversification Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines optimal business development strategies for rural firms given the specific characteristics of their rural business environment. An investigation of rural business strategy informs public policy formation by helping to determine how rural firms would react to changes in their market and policy environment. Moreover, an explicit rural business strategy analysis should help rural business managers and advisers

Duncan J. Anderson; Peter Tyler

2008-01-01

177

Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana  

E-print Network

Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

2011-01-01

178

Profile of Rural Physicians in Alberta  

PubMed Central

A questionnaire was mailed to 564 rural Alberta physicians to determine the demographic profile of practising rural physicians, to identify factors that attracted and retained physicians in rural practice, and to identify the skills that newly trained general practitioners require for rural practice. Rural-based physicians were relatively young (50% below the age of 38 years) and predominantly male (86%). Approximately 73% were general practitioners without certification by the College of Family Physicians of Canada, and 19% were family physicians with certification. Compared with the Canadian-trained physicians (56%), foreign-trained rural physicians (44%) tended to be older, to have been longer than 10 years in rural practice, and to have had more than four years of postgraduate training. The major reasons for contemplating leaving rural practice were retirement, career advancement or limited challenge, and heavy work-load. PMID:21233907

Higgins, Gerald L.; Szafran, Olga

1990-01-01

179

Social Work Consultation Services in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews social work consultation models and describes applications of consultation techniques in rural communities. Discusses following steps in developing rural consultation services: making contact, negotiating contract, formulating goals, problem solving, action, evaluation, and termination. Encourages consultation services development as…

Waltman, Gretchen H.

1989-01-01

180

Profile of Rural Idaho: A Look at Economic and Social Trends Affecting Rural Idaho.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines population trends and economic and social indicators in rural Idaho. The first few sections discuss the definition of "rural," rural challenges and strengths, and outside economic and political forces impacting Idaho's rural areas. Subsequent sections present data on population trends, migration patterns, race and ethnicity,…

Idaho State Dept. of Commerce, Boise.

181

Talking about Rurality: Social Representations of the Rural As Expressed by Residents of Six English Parishes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys of 267 newcomers to 6 rural parishes in Lancaster and Mid Devon (England) and interviews with 113 survey respondents revealed definitions of "the rural" as abstract social representations. Respondents' representations of the rural focused on the physical environment, contained many aspects of the "rural idyll," but also involved engaged…

Halfacree, Keith H.

1995-01-01

182

Rural Education/Rural Special Education Literature Review. Bibliography and Abstracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, 67% of all schools are in rural areas and 33% of all school children attend rural schools. The availability of rural-specific information is imperative for rural and urban special educators, administrators, parents and others who come into daily contact with children and youth with disabilities. This collection of 105…

Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Dept. of Special Education.

183

An Analysis of North Carolina's Rural Health Problems as Perceived by County Rural Development Panels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A State Task Force on Rural Health was formed (January 1973) by the State Rural Development Committee to identify and analyze major rural health problems in North Carolina and to recommend alleviation strategies. The Task Force submitted open-ended questionnaires to members of the County Rural Development Panels to secure their perceptions of…

Hamilton, Vance E., Comp.

184

Education for Rural Development: Embedding Rural Dimensions in Initial Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In South Africa, rural education and development are issues of social justice, especially in places that were previously established as homelands. This article presents some of the tensions that are inherent in the conceptions of rurality, rural education and the possibility of sustainable rural education and development. We propose the notion of…

Masinire, Alfred; Maringe, Felix; Nkambule, Thabisile

2014-01-01

185

Arguing for Rural Health in Medicare: A Progressive Rhetoric for Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural health policy is the laws, regulations, rules, and interpretations that benefit or affect health and health care for rural populations. This paper examines how rural health policy is viewed in the broader field of public policy, discusses the role of advocacy in developing rural health policy, and suggests ways to make that advocacy more…

Ricketts, Thomas C.

2004-01-01

186

Investing in People: The Human Capital Needs of Rural America. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of existing human resource conditions in rural America; examines key economic, social, and technological forces shaping the future viability of rural areas; describes human capital issues for rural women and minority groups; and outlines strategies to strengthen rural human capital resources. Chapters are: (1) "Human…

Beaulieu, Lionel J., Ed.; Mulkey, David, Ed.

187

Undergraduate Rural Medical Education Program Development: Focus Group Consultation with the NRHA Rural Medical Educators Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Over a decade ago, leaders in rural medical education established the Rural Medical Educators (RME) Group, an interest group within the National Rural Health Association, to support faculty in rural medical education programs. This group has convened an annual RME conclave since 2006. In 2008, this conclave convened 15 national leaders in…

Downey, Laura H.; Wheat, John R.; Leeper, James D.; Florence, Joseph A.; Boulger, James G.; Hunsaker, Matt L.

2011-01-01

188

How Rural America Sees Its Future. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To gain a perspective on rural America's future, seven roundtables consisting of seven rural stakeholder groups were convened. Four groups of challenges facing rural areas emerged. The rural business environment was considered the source of greatest challenge. Agriculture concerns included low profits and access to world markets. The effects of…

Barkema, Alan D.; Drabenstott, Mark

189

Rural America's Stake in the Digital Economy. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first article in a series on telecommunications in rural America provides an overview of several key telecommunication issues facing rural regions. High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few…

Staihr, Brian

190

Rural Schools and Communities: How Globalization Influences Rural School and Community Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how a rural school district and the communities in which the district belonged collaborated on a community development initiative. This dissertation examined the opportunities and constraints rural communities are facing and the role that a rural school system could play in increasing social and economic sustainability of rural

Butler, Thomas

2008-01-01

191

Rural Social Welfare: Preparing Students To Work Effectively in Rural Communities. An Australian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complexity of rural practice in rural and remote communities means that higher order skills are required by rural social workers. In 1991, the University of Ballarat in Victoria (Australia) began teaching a course to prepare students for work in rural social welfare. The course was developed partly to meet industry needs, as local agencies…

Green, Rosemary

192

Revised: 11/4/13 1 Rural Campuses under College of Rural & Community Development (CRCD)  

E-print Network

Interior/Aleutians Campuses: Aleutians/Pribilof Center, McGrath Center, Nenana Center, Tok Center, Yukon College of Rural and Community Development (CRCD) (3 Unit Representatives) Alaska Native and Rural Transfer CTC General Education CTC Voc Tech RC Early Childhood Rural Alaska Honors Institute Rural

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

193

Rural Runaways: Rurality and Its Implications for Services to Children and Young People Who Run Away  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article debates options for service provision to young rural runaways in the UK. Using data drawn from two national surveys and follow-on qualitative studies, the authors trace urban myths of rurality and their effects on runaway provision. The authors review models of rural refuge, systemic advocacy and mobile services for rural runaways.…

Franks, Myfanwy; Goswami, Haridhan

2010-01-01

194

Predicting Rural Practice Using Different Definitions to Classify Medical School Applicants as Having a Rural Upbringing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study determines the relationship between a medical school applicant's rural background and the likelihood of rural practice using different definitions of rural background. Methods: Cohort study of 599 physicians who entered the University of Virginia School of Medicine in 1990-1995 and graduated in 1994-1999. The "rurality" of the…

Owen, John A.; Conaway, Mark R.; Bailey, Beth A.; Hayden, Gregory F.

2007-01-01

195

Application of the Rural Development Index to Analysis of Rural Regions in Poland and Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research was to construct a multi-dimensional (composite) index measuring the overall level of rural development and quality of life in individual rural regions of a given EU country. In the Rural Development Index (RDI) the rural development domains are represented by hundreds of partial socio-economic, environmental,…

Michalek, Jerzy; Zarnekow, Nana

2012-01-01

196

Profiles in Rural Economic Development: A Guidebook of Selected Successful Rural Area Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook presents 64 profiles of successful economic development initiatives in the small towns and rural areas of 37 states. Intended for use by rural and small town leaders and rural economic development specialists, the guide provides ideas, encouragement, and an "insider perspective" on alternative rural development strategies. Each…

Thomas, Margaret G.

197

The Rural Context of Illicit Substance Offers: A Study of Appalachian Rural Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural adolescents are at risk for early initiation and problematic substance use, but to date few studies have examined the rural context of substance use. To better understand substance offers in the rural context, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 118, 12- to 19-year-old adolescents (M = 13.68, SD = 1.37) from Appalachian, rural

Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Krieger, Janice; Hecht, Michael L.

2012-01-01

198

Regenerating Rural Social Space? Teacher Education for Rural-Regional Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex interconnection among issues affecting rural-regional sustainability requires an equally complex program of research to ensure the attraction and retention of high-quality teachers for rural children. The educational effects of the construction of the rural within a deficit discourse are highlighted. A concept of rural social space is…

Reid, Jo-Anne; Green, Bill; Cooper, Maxine; Hastings, Wendy; Lock, Graeme; White, Simone

2010-01-01

199

Resilience among rural lesbian youth.  

PubMed

Rural lesbian youth are encumbered with a number of obstacles in their development of a positive self-identify and self-worth. Youth may experience implied physical threats, abuse, and mental health concerns as they attempt to define themselves within a context that emphasizes the role of women as heterosexual caretakers of the community. A number of factors can serve to diminish or enhance the young rural lesbian's ability to cope with barriers and obstacles that she may face, including having a supportive family network, a larger network of friends, supportive mentors and teachers, and access to gay-straight alliances. The intent of this article is to examine the challenges that rural lesbian youth face in developing a positive self-identity including tools to enhance resilience. PMID:20077267

Cohn, Tracy J; Hastings, Sarah L

2010-01-01

200

A Demographic Profile of Pennsylvania's Rural Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania has the largest rural population in the nation, and more than 50 percent of this population is female. Overall, Pennsylvania's rural women are doing well in education, family life stability, and health, relative to comparison groups of rural men and urban women and men. Educational attainment is greater among urban women and men, but…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

201

Rural Math Talent, Now and Then  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article interprets inequality evident at the intersection of three realms: (a) mathematical talent (as a cultural phenomenon); (b) rural place and rural life; and (c) future economic, political, and ecological developments. The discussion explains this outlook on inequality, contextualizes interest in rural mathematics education, presents the…

Howley, Craig B.; Showalter, Daniel; Klein, Robert; Sturgill, Derek J.; Smith, Michael A.

2013-01-01

202

Urban-Rural Education: "Relieving the Tension".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a panel on rural education, Dr. Edgar M. Easley spoke on the topic "Urban-Rural Education - Relieving the Tension". Based on findings from literature of adult migration to urban areas, Dr. Easley stated the following implications for adult education teachers and administrators: (1) that the tension found in rural migrants related to…

Easley, Edgar M.

203

Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural

Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed.

204

Career Patterns of Rural Female Educational Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the impact of the rural context upon the careers of women educational administrators in Saskatchewan. Surveys and interviews with 24 female rural administrators indicated that the behavior and career patterns of rural female administrators were influenced by the organizational context of the school and its community. A new…

Wallin, Dawn; Sackney, Larry

2003-01-01

205

Defining "Rural" for Veterans' Health Care Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) devised an algorithm to classify veterans as Urban, Rural, or Highly Rural residents. To understand the policy implications of the VHA scheme, we compared its categories to 3 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and 4 Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) geographical categories. Method: Using…

West, Alan N.; Lee, Richard E.; Shambaugh-Miller, Michael D.; Bair, Byron D.; Mueller, Keith J.; Lilly, Ryan S.; Kaboli, Peter J.; Hawthorne, Kara

2010-01-01

206

Rural Folklife Days: Resources for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Folklife Days is an annual celebration of customs and crafts that have been practiced every fall by generations of people in rural areas of north Florida. This packet is designed to help teachers prepare elementary students for Rural Folklife Days and to introduce them to traditional crafts and arts that are still practiced in parts of north…

Kay, Jon, Ed.; Beasley, Holly, Ed.; Hollingsworth, Teresa, Ed.; Smith, KC, Ed.

207

Telecommunications Access for Rural Americans with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines reasons why community action is needed to assure both physical and economic access to telecommunications for rural people with disabilities. Discusses the rural-urban geography of disability in America, rural problems in rehabilitation service delivery, recent federal legislation on telecommunications and disabilities, and key…

Seekins, Tom; Enders, Alexandra

1999-01-01

208

Development of Entrepreneurship among Rural Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurship is the only solution to the growing employment among rural youth. It helps to generate employment for number of people within their own social system. This is more beneficial for women in rural areas as it enable them to add to the family income while taking care of their farm, home and livestock centered tasks. Rural women possess abundant

Kiranjot Sidhu; Sukhjeet Kaur

209

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty  

E-print Network

of the problems that poor rural people face in their struggle for a better life, and offers practical advice their farms as businesses and market their surpluses ­ and to collectively deliver large-scale results Introduction 28 What's new for rural economies and agriculture? 30 The changing context for rural poverty

210

Wolf Creek, rurality and the Australian gothic  

Microsoft Academic Search

As with Crocodile Dundee before it, the recent Australian film Wolf Creek promotes a specific and arguably urban-centric understanding of rural Australia. However, whilst the former film is couched in mythologized notions of the rural idyll, Wolf Creek is based firmly around the concept of rural horror. Wolf Creek is both a horror movie and a road movie, one which

John Scott; Dean Biron

2010-01-01

211

Exploring Rural Contexts with Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes rural middle school students' exploration of their identity and their rural contexts through the vehicle of digital storytelling. Participants included 40 7th and 40 9th grade students at two rural schools in the Southeast United States. Students worked in shared writing groups to create digital stories expressing their…

Wake, Donna G.

2012-01-01

212

School Closures in Rural Finnish Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The network of small rural schools in Finland has been radically weakened since the global recession of the 1990s. This article focuses on the social role of rural schools and the phenomenon of school closures. Our aim is to look at rural schools from the viewpoint of local residents and examine how they experience school closures. We seek to hear…

Autti, Outi; Hyry-Beihammer, Eeva Kaisa

2014-01-01

213

Virtue Ethics and Rural Professional Healthcare Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because rural populations are at risk not only for clinically disparate care but also ethically disparate care, there is a need to enhance scholarship, research, and teaching about rural health care ethics. In this paper an argument for the applicability of a virtue ethics framework for professionals in rural healthcare is outlined. The argument…

Crowden, Andrew

2010-01-01

214

Rural Science Education: Valuing Local Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether playing outdoors or working on the farm, rural children acquire science and engineering skills throughout their daily lives. Although 11.4 million children in the United States grow up in rural areas, compared to 14.6 million in urban areas, relatively little attention is given to rural science education. This article demonstrates that…

Avery, Leanne M.

2013-01-01

215

Production, Consumption and Imagination in Rural Thailand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transformation of Thailand's rural areas from agricultural production to arenas of consumption of a constructed "rural idyll" is illustrated in cases of a hotel with a "working rice farm," and an elite school. The school (and companion resident "village") created an idealized rural past for rich consumers who wanted a modern education for their…

Rigg, Jonathan; Ritchie, Mark

2002-01-01

216

The Triple Bias: Rural, Minority and Female.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Chicanas share values and problems with other rural women (conservative orientation toward sex roles and life styles, conflict between traditional demands of rural culture and pressure to enter the labor force), but with additional socio-linguistic barriers (limited English-speaking ability, few marketable job skills). Many Chicanas do not…

Amodeo, Luiza B.; And Others

217

School Dropouts in Rural Colorado School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropouts from rural school districts have not received the same scrutiny as given to those from urban ones. The reasons behind this lack of knowledge about the experience of rural school districts with dropouts are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to begin to close this knowledge gap. A first major study of rural dropouts in the…

Tombari, Martin; Andrews, Alex; Gallinati, Tina

2009-01-01

218

The Other Poor: Rural Poverty and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that rural poverty remains relatively invisible because, although shameful, it is profitable, and the rural poor pose little threat to their suburban neighbors. This is illustrated via interrogation concerning a rural poultry plant fire. The paper examines implications of this case for foundations scholars and educational…

Books, Sue

1997-01-01

219

Families and schools in rural appalachia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review revealed conceptual elements and approaches that have been productive in the study of(a) rural education and (b) rural families and children as they interface with schools. The Appalachian region is considered relative to these same issues. For nearly two decades the Appalachia Educational Laboratory has pursued systematic research and development aimed at improving the effectiveness of rural

Edward E. Gotts; Richard F. Purnell

1986-01-01

220

Risk Factors for Rural Residential Fires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context and Purpose: Rural households report high fire-related mortality and injury rates, but few studies have examined the risk factors for fires. This study aims to identify occupant and household characteristics that are associated with residential fires in a rural cohort. Methods: Of 1,005 households contacted in a single rural county, 691…

Allareddy, Veerasathpurush; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Yang, Jingzhen; Zwerling, Craig

2007-01-01

221

The Comprehensive Mission of Rural Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the comprehensive mission of rural community colleges, arguing that they are major elements in the life of their service areas and must meet community needs. Describes the role of rural college presidents and the importance of environmental scanning. Reviews challenges facing rural institutions in the future. (MAB)

Cavan, John

1995-01-01

222

Rural High School Principals: Leadership in Rural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational leadership has been the focus of many studies; however, leadership does not occur in a vacuum. Understanding the context in which it occurs will in turn help to explain the phenomenon itself. Rural communities in the United States have many differences when compared to urban and suburban areas. Twenty-eight percent of schools in the…

Shuman, Aaron L.

2010-01-01

223

Forgotten Places: Uneven Development in Rural America. Rural America Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines predominantly rural regions of the United States that lag behind the rest of the country in income, employment, access to services, and measures of education and health. Case studies of nine regions examine historical background; current economic and social conditions (including demography, educational attainment, and…

Lyson, Thomas A., Ed.; Falk, William W., Ed.

224

Drinking Among Rural Youth with Implications for Rural Institutional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a 3-month period ending in January 1977, questionnaires were given to 889 eighth and twelfth grade students to determine the extent of drinking among rural teenagers in Idaho, and the sociological and psychological factors affecting their drinking habits. At least 16% of 8th graders and 34% of 12th graders drink frequently. A much higher…

Lassey, Marie; And Others

225

Rural Economic Development: What Makes Rural Communities Grow?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies local factors that foster rural economic growth. A review of the literature revealed potential indicators of county economic growth, and those indicators were then tested against data for nonmetro counties during the 1980s using multiple regression analysis. The principal variables examined included demographic and labor…

Aldrich, Lorna; Kusmin, Lorin

226

Teaching Rural Sociology to Students with Non-Rural Backgrounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course designed to teach rural sociology to urban and suburban university students is described in this paper. Introductory material sets forth the objectives and the conceptual approach of the course, which systematically examines social changes associated with food and fiber production throughout the world. Five concepts--group, imperative…

Spaulding, Irving A.

227

Educational efforts in the implementation of rural family planning programs in East Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Resumen  Los estudios piloto en planeamiento familiar que se reportan en este trabajo fueron conducidos en una zona rural adyacente\\u000a a la ciudad de Daca en Pakistán Este. Se informa sobre los hallasgos preliminares de investigación-acción en la implementación\\u000a de los esfuerzos educacionales para alcanzar a los pobladores rurales de un pals en desarrollo.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a El análisis preliminar de los registros permite

Harold C. Gustafson; H. T. Croley; William Griffiths; Beryl J. Roberts

1967-01-01

228

Does teaching an entire nursing degree rurally have more workforce impact than rural placements?  

PubMed

Education plays a key role in recruitment of health workforce to rural and remote locations. In Australia, Schools of Nursing have set up a variety of educational programmes to encourage rural workforce choices. These programmes include rural campuses and short-term rural placement programmes out of urban campuses. This study compares the relative workforce impacts of rural campus versus short-term rural placements out of urban campus. The single outcome measure - rural or urban location after graduation - showed that the rural school graduated a significantly higher proportion of rural-working graduates (chi(2) 4.46, p = 0.04). However there was no difference in the rural workforce choices of students from rural backgrounds, irrespective of their university location (chi(2) = 1.45, p = 0.23). We conclude that both rural universities and affirmative action for selecting rural students into nursing programmes are effective workforce strategies, but that rural campuses have the added benefit of encouraging under-represented rural students to access university education. PMID:20636179

Playford, Denese; Wheatland, Belynda; Larson, Ann

2010-01-01

229

Resilience Among Rural Lesbian Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural lesbian youth are encumbered with a number of obstacles in their development of a positive self-identify and self-worth. Youth may experience implied physical threats, abuse, and mental health concerns as they attempt to define themselves within a context that emphasizes the role of women as heterosexual caretakers of the community. A number of factors can serve to diminish or

Tracy J. Cohn; Sarah L. Hastings

2010-01-01

230

Rural neighborhoods and child aggression.  

PubMed

Structural equation modeling with latent variables was used to evaluate the direct and mediated effects of a neighborhood risk factor (negative teen behaviors) on the parent-report aggressive behavior of 213 students in grades 3 through 5 attending a school in a low-income, rural community. Contagion and social control hypotheses were examined as well as hypotheses about whether the neighborhood served as a microsystem or exosystem for rural pre-adolescents. Analyses took into account the clustering of students and ordinal nature of the data. Findings suggest that rural neighborhoods may operate as both a microsystem and exosystem for children, with direct contagion effects on their aggressive behaviors as well as indirect social control effects through parenting practices. Direct effects on aggression were also found for parenting practices and child reports of friends' negative behaviors. Pre-adolescence may be a transitional stage, when influences of the neighborhood on child behavior begin to compete with influences of caregivers. Findings can inform the timing and targets of violence prevention in rural communities. PMID:25205545

Bowen, Natasha K; Wretman, Christopher J

2014-12-01

231

Rural Families and Early Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a 5-year research project involving 50 primarily rural families with infants identified neonatally in birth crisis, or shortly thereafter, as having developmental disabilities. Parents were interviewed to gather information on their perceptions of and experiences with the early intervention (EI) process.…

Haring, Kathryn A.; Lovett, David L.

232

Impact of Declining Rural Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the impact of declining rural community infrastructure on social, environmental, and economic well-being in Western Australia's central wheatbelt. Questionnaires were completed by 398 residents of the central wheatbelt, on-farm interviews were conducted with 68 respondents, and 4 focus groups were held in area towns.…

McKenzie, Fiona Haslem

233

Rural Teachers Meet the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results are reported from surveys and interviews with 22 rural teachers who participated in "Reach for the Sky," an initiative that links reform in math and science education with telecommunications use. Topics include benefits and frustrations of using the Internet, math/science resources found on the Internet, and the impact of Internet use on…

Rogan, John M.

1996-01-01

234

When Rural Reality Goes Virtual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In rural towns where sparse population and few business are barriers, virtual reality may be the only way to bring work-based learning to students. A partnership between a small-town high school, the Ohio Supercomputer Center, and a high-tech business will enable students to explore the workplace using virtual reality. (JOW)

Husain, Dilshad D.

1998-01-01

235

Reflections of a Rural Practitioner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some ethical dilemmas are more prevalent or more complicated to resolve in rural practice. In this practice note, I share some of the reflections that have helped me to unpack some of the ethical complications of overlapping relationships and objectivity, community pressure and integrity, generalist practice and competency, interdisciplinary…

Malone, Judi L.

2010-01-01

236

Rural Family Functioning. Bulletin 562.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a 1972 interview survey of 250 rural families in 2 East Tennessee counties, patterns of family functioning were shown to be directly related to economic level, husband's age, and husband's educational level. Within the sample population consisting of family households of 2 or more members, the mean age of husbands was 49, and of wives, 46. The…

Reed, Helen M.; Kuipers, Judith L.

237

Realities of Rural School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in isolated rural areas like Braxton County, West Virginia, can emerge as learning communities and telecommuting villages. Future school mergers will be less common than consolidation of programs and services to improve access for students, their families, and the community. Technology will link schools with a global information network.…

Seal, Kenna R.; Harmon, Hobart L.

1995-01-01

238

Social Development in Rural Manitoba.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critique of recommendations by the Local Government Boundaries Commission (LGBC) related to improvement of rural education in Manitoba, Canada, is provided. Backed by footnotes and 12 appendices, the paper contends that the LGBC Report "fails to meet its technocratic objectives and also ignores a broad role for education in social development."…

Manitoba Cabinet Secretariat, Winnipeg.

239

TRENDS IN RURAL SULFUR CONCENTRATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents an analysis of regional trends in atmospheric concentrations in sulfur dioxide (502) and particulate sulfate (50~- ) at rural monitoring sites in the Clean Air Act Status and Trends Monitoring Network (CAsTNet) from 1990 to 1999. A two-stage approach is used t...

240

Reexamining Myths about Rural Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes findings from the "National Study Regarding At-Risk Students." Discusses the role of Catholic religious educators and pastoral ministers working in rural areas. Suggests that they seek individual ministry opportunities, target the individual rather than the group, see religious education through the lens of the family, and develop…

Finn, Jerry

1994-01-01

241

Using TDSi in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jodi Fletcher is a teacher on special assignment in curriculum instruction and assessment for Falcon School District 49 in Colorado. Serving about 12,500 students across 16 schools, the district encompasses the northeastern portion of Colorado Springs and the rural area of Falcon. About 30 percent of students in the district are from military…

Koenig, Darlene

2010-01-01

242

Energy Use in Rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

India, and especially rural India is considered as a partially closed energy ecosystem and gives a great variety and quantity of statistics to illustrate the energy flow. These data include the energy consumption and expenditure for many forms of human (men, women and children) activity. This is presented in relation to the total energy-flow picture involving all types of energy

Roger Revelle

1976-01-01

243

Psycholinguistic Behaviors of Rural Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an attempt to break the socioeconomic educational poverty cycle of rural black children in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. Early childhood education was identified as the area for the greatest concentration of effort. Training and retraining of instructional staff was mandated. Twenty-two kindergarten classes were placed…

Cowles, Milly; Daniel, Kathryn Barchard

244

Rural health networks in Florida.  

PubMed

This article describes the development of rural health networks in Florida, which has adopted formal policies to support these networks. First, the history and content of the relevant legislation are described. The current networks are identified and their development to date summarized. Finally, a detailed case study is employed to outline the steps taken to establish one network. PMID:10141278

Duncan, R P; Klepper, B R; Krumerman, C J; Kuhn, S L

1995-01-01

245

Nambour: The Model Rural School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the Rural Schools of Queensland. Starting with Nambour in 1917, the scheme incorporated thirty schools, and operated for over forty years. The rhetoric of the day was that boys and girls from the senior classes of primary school would be provided with elementary instruction of a practical character. In reality, the subjects…

Brady, Tony

2012-01-01

246

Rural Organization and Poverty Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The deprivations of poverty seriously restrict the ability of millions of rural Americans to develop their potential and obtain "quality of life". If development of potential is to be maximized and if deprivations are to be reduced, structural changes are needed. The 4 change approaches that encompass much purposive social change at the locality…

Stockdale, Jerry D.

247

Crossing Divides: Ethnicity and Rurality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on research with people from African, Caribbean and Asian backgrounds regarding perceptions and use of the English countryside. I explore the complex ways in which the category "rural" was constructed as both essentialised "and" relational: how the countryside was understood most definitely as "not-city" but also, at the same…

Askins, Kye

2009-01-01

248

Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over two years the National Dropout Prevention Center (NDPC) at Clemson University has been supporting the Lower Kuskokwim School District (LKSD) in NW Alaska with their efforts to reduce high school dropout in 23 remote Yup'ik Eskimo villages. The Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP) provides school-based E-mentoring services to 164…

Cash, Terry

2011-01-01

249

Veterinary Manpower for Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the main activity of veterinarians is the care and treatment of animals, they are professionally trained personnel who have a history of involvement in community action. Their full potential has not been tapped to help alleviate the inadequacies of rural health services. Cited in this paper are specifics relating the number of trained…

Tucker, E. W.

250

Rural development--national improvement.  

PubMed

Rural development should be viewed as the core of any viable strategy for national development in developing countries where an average 2/3 of the population live in rural areas. Rural development is multisectoral, including economic, sociopolitical, environmental, and cultural aspects of rural life. Initially, the focus is on the provision of basic minimum needs in food, shelter, clothing, health, and education, through optimum use and employment of all available resources, including human labor. The development goal is the total development of the human potential. The hierarchy of goals of development may be shown in the form of an inverted pyramid. At the base are basic minimum needs for subsistence whose fulfillment leads to a higher set of sociopolitical needs and ultimately to the goal of total developmentand the release of creative energies of every individual. If development, as outlined, were to benefit the majority of the people then they would have to participate in decision making which affects their lives. This would require that the people mobilize themselves in the people'ssector. The majority can equitably benefit from development only if they are mobilized effectively. Such mobilization requires raising the consciousness of the people concerning their rights and obligations. All development with the twin objectives of growth with equity could be reduced to restructuring the socioeconomic, and hence political relationships. Desinging and implementing an intergrated approach to rural development is the 1st and fundamental issue of rural development management. The commonly accepted goals and objectives of a target group oriented antipoverty development strategy include: higher productivity and growth in gross national product (GNP); equitable distribution of the benefits of development; provision of basic minimum needs for all; gainful employment; participation in development; self reliance or self sustaining growth and development; maintenance of environmental balance. The most challenging task for development managers in developing countries is to mobilize the vast reservoir of surplus human labor and to channel it to productive use. Forest development and management of forest resources is important for rural development for 2 major objectives: to provide firewood, fodder, and other products; and in many areas and particularly in mountainous countries, forest depletion, largely from uncontrolled agricultural expansion, is leading to a loss of environmental protection of the forest, resulting in floods, droughts, erosion, desertification, silation, and loss of agricultural production. PMID:12266174

Malhotra, R C

1984-05-01

251

Biogas as a source of rural energy  

SciTech Connect

The hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, with nearly 2.15 million cattle and 0.7 million buffalo, has the potential to install 0.64 million biogas plants of 1 m{sup 3} size. These plants could generate nearly 4.90 x 105 m{sup 3} of biogas, equivalent to 3.07 x 10{sup 5} L kerosene per day to meet domestic energy needs of nearly one-fourth of its rural population. During 1982--1998, only 12.8% of this potential was achieved. The percent of possible potential achieved in plant installations in 12 districts of this state, namely, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Solan, and Una, are 35.35, 1.70, 20.96, 8.67, 1.54, 6.96, 0.00, 18.49, 3.84, 8.521, 18.29, and 13.23%, respectively. There is a need to strengthen biogas promotion, particularly in the districts of Kangra, Mandi, Solan, and Una, which range from mid-hill to low-hill terrain and which have large potential due to high concentration of bovine population. Increased costs and comparatively low rate of subsidies has resulted in a decreasing rate of plant installation annually, from 3,500 during 1987--1992 to fewer than 1,200 during 1995--1998. The percentage of functioning plants was 82% in 1987--1988 but has decreased to 63%. To ensure proper installation and functionality of plants, the authors discuss the needed improvements in the biogas promotion program.

Kalia, A.K.

2000-01-01

252

Rural female adolescence: Indian scenario.  

PubMed

This article describes the life conditions of female adolescents in India and issues such as health, discrimination in nutrition and literacy, child labor, early marriage, juvenile delinquency, and violence against girls in rural areas of India. Data are obtained from interview samples conducted among 12 villages in north India. Female adolescents suffer from a variety of poverty-ridden village life conditions: caste oppression, lack of facilities, malnutrition, educational backwardness, early marriage, domestic burden, and gender neglect. Girls carry a heavy work burden. Adolescence in rural areas is marked by the onset of puberty and the thrust into adulthood. Girls have no independent authority to control their sexuality or reproduction. Girls are expected to get married and produce children. Control of female sexuality is shifted from the father to the husband. There is a strong push to marry girls soon after menstruation, due to the burden of imposing strict restrictions on female sexuality, the desire to reduce the burden of financial support, and the need to ensure social security for daughters. Girls may not go out alone or stay outside after dark. Many rural parents fear that education and freedom would ruin their daughter. Girls develop a low self-image. Rural villages have poor sanitation, toilet facilities, and drainage systems. Girls are ignorant of health and sex education and lack access to education. The neglect of female children includes malnutrition, sex bias, and early marriage. In 1981, almost 4 out of every 100 girls had to work. 5.527 million girls 5-14 years old were child laborers. Girls are veiled, footbound, circumcised, and burnt by dowry hungry in-laws. Female delinquents are subjected to sexual harassment and sometime to sexual abuse while in custody. Cows are treated better in rural India than women. Gender disparity is caused by the perpetuation of patriarchal masculine values. PMID:12158005

Kumari, R

1995-01-01

253

Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Fund for Agricultural Development's 2001 report on rural poverty argues that to reduce poverty, international efforts must focus on "legally secure entitlements to assets (especially land and water); technology (above all for increasing the output and yield of food staples); access to markets; opportunities to participate in decentralized resource management; and access to microfinance." The extensive document is posted in .pdf format with the above address linking to its table of contents.

2001-01-01

254

The Perceived Importance of University Presence in Rural Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated rural residents' perceived importance of university presence in rural, regional and remote Australia. The present data indicate that the presence of university in rural areas is perceived as highly important by both rural and urban citizens. Results indicate that rural residents perceive that there is a need for…

Drummond, Aaron; Halsey, R. John; van Breda, Marja

2011-01-01

255

Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

Vissing, Yvonne M.

256

Mathematics Course-Taking in Rural High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 2005 NAEP High School Transcript Study, this paper examines the mathematics course-taking of rural high school students. Although several studies indicate rural high school students' mathematics achievement is comparable to that of students in non-rural high schools, the mathematics course-taking patterns of rural and non-rural

Anderson, Rick; Chang, Beng

2011-01-01

257

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

258

Integrated rural development programs: a skeptical perspective.  

PubMed

In examining integrated rural development programs the question that arises is why is it possible to identify several relatively successful small-scale or pilot rural development projects yet so difficult to find examples of successful rural development programs. 3 bodies of literature offer some insight into the morphology of rural development projects, programs, and processes: the urban-industrial impact hypothesis; the theory of induced technical change; and the new models of institutional change that deal with institution building and the economics of bureaucratic behavior. The urban-industrial impact hypothesis helps in the clarification of the relationships between the development of rural areas and the development of the total society of which rural areas are a part. It is useful in understanding the spatial dimensions of rural development where rural development efforts are likely to be most successful. Formulation of the hypothesis generated a series of empirical studies designed to test its validity. The effect of these studies has been the development of a rural development model in which the rural community is linked to the urban-industrial economy through a series of market relationships. Both the urban economy's rate of growth and the efficiency of the intersector product and factor markets place significant constraints on the possibilities of rural area development. It is not possible to isolate development processes in the contemporary rural community in a developing society from development processes in the larger society. The induced technical change theory provides a guide as to what must be done to gain access to efficient sources of economic growth, the new resources and incomes that are necessary to sustain rural development. Design of a successful rural development strategy involves a combination of technical and institutional change. The ability of rural areas to respond to the opportunities for economic growth generated by local urban-industrial development, or by the expansion of national and international markets, depends on the capacity for adaptive responses on the part of cultural, political, and economic institutions as well as on technical innovations which can generate substantial new income flows in response to the new economic opportunities. Improvements in the welfare of the rural population in poor regions will call for institutional innovations which effectively link urban and rural areas through a series of nonmarket and market relationships. A major implication of the models is that given the "markets" in which they operate, bureaucracies will be successful in capturing a relatively large share of the economic gains generated by their activities. PMID:12311877

Ruttan, V W

1975-11-01

259

New Directions for U.S. Rural Policy. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 250 rural leaders attended the conference "Beyond Agriculture: New Policies for Rural America," held in Kansas City (Missouri) in April 2000. The conference began with an assessment of where the rural economy and rural policy are headed in the new century. Speakers suggested that the rural economy is likely to remain a mix of weakness and…

Drabenstott, Mark

260

Does a Rural Educational Experience Influence Students' Likelihood of Rural Practice? Impact of Student Background and Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University of Calgary pre-medical students were surveyed before and after completing a mandatory 4-week rural clerkship in family medicine. The rural educational experience increased student intentions to do a rural medical locum. Students from rural backgrounds were more likely than urban peers to intend to do a rural locum and practice in a…

Woloschuk, Wayne; Tarrant, Michael

2002-01-01

261

Future Directions in Rural Development Policy. Findings and Recommendations of the National Commission on Agriculture and Rural Development Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Commission on Agriculture and Rural Development Policy, established by Congress to provide broad, long-range policy perspectives, examined rural development policy issues and made many field visits to observe rural conditions and rural development projects. The Commission recognized the diversity of rural communities and identified…

Reid, J. Norman; Rowley, Thomas D.

262

Do career criminals exist in rural America?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The criminal career paradigm had essentially ignored investigating offenders in rural areas. To fill this void, a retrospective, cross-sectional design sampled 331 former adult correctional clients from the case archives in a rural midwestern state. Self-report and official records indicated that rural criminal careers were characterized by relatively few arrests, short-lived criminal justice system involvements, and a paucity of violent

Mark T. Berg; Matt DeLisi

2005-01-01

263

Rural HIV: Brief interventions for felony probationers  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV\\/AIDS in Southern rural America has been described as an epidemic. Furthermore, the HIV prevalence rate among criminal\\u000a justice populations is higher than the general population in both rural and urban areas. One segment of the criminal justice\\u000a population, felony probationers, has not been targeted for HIV\\/AIDS interventions and little is known about rural HIV risk\\u000a behaviors. Probation is an

Carrie B. Oser; Carl G. Leukefeld; Abby Cosentino-Boehm; Jennifer R. Havens

2006-01-01

264

Planning Rural Fire Protection for Texas.  

E-print Network

IOC rA24S.7 73 ).1196 (Blank Pa.ge InOdgiuat Bulletinl ~ ; ''; . : .. . ~. " PLANNING RURAL FIRE PROTECTION FOR TEXAS JACK L. JONES, EXTENSION COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE INTRODUCTION A home fire... is one of the most feared accidents a homeowner can? have, especially in rural areas where extended distances, inadequate water supplies or lack of any community fire fighting services limit fire fighting capability. Unless a rural resident makes prior...

Jones, Jack L.

1981-01-01

265

Acute Traumatic Injuries in Rural Populations  

PubMed Central

In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death among individuals aged 1 to 45 years and the fourth leading cause of death overall. Rural populations exhibit disproportionately high injury mortality rates. Deaths resulting from motor vehicle crashes, traumatic occupational injuries, drowning, residential fires, and suicide all increase with increasing rurality. We describe differences in rates and patterns of injury among rural and urban populations and discuss factors that contribute to these differences. PMID:15451733

Peek-Asa, Corinne; Zwerling, Craig; Stallones, Lorann

2004-01-01

266

Children's health in the rural environment.  

PubMed

The rural environment is not as wholesome as some might think. In fact, smoking, drinking, illicit drug use, and obesity are more prevalent in rural than in urban youngsters. Childhood mortality is higher in rural areas, with drowning, motor vehicle accidents, firearm injuries, and farm machinery accidents as the leading causes. Air and water quality are monitored less and actually may be worse in the country than in urban areas. This article describes children's health problems associated with the rural environment and provides a list of resources for addressing these problems. PMID:17306687

Cherry, Debra C; Huggins, Barbara; Gilmore, Karen

2007-02-01

267

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

268

Children in Contemporary Society. IYC Series: Part IV. Rural Children and Rural Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contemporary rural population, comprising one-quarter of the nation's total, is diverse. Hence, no single label can be applied to its inhabitants, its families, or its children. This collection of articles, highlighted with drawings by five year old rural residents, describes adaptations to modern American life made by three types of rural

Frank, Mary, Ed.

1980-01-01

269

Coping with Rural Poverty: Economic Survival and Moral Capital in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of rural poverty is in many ways unique from that of urban poverty. In the rural setting, social cohesion creates pressure on the poor to behave in ways that are consistent with local values. This paper, based on qualitative research done in an isolated, rural Northern California community, argues that in this setting the survival…

Sherman, Jennifer

2006-01-01

270

Education for Rural Development - A Portfolio of Studies. Volume 1: Education and the Rural Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The five studies on education for rural development are directed to teachers, administrators, and others concerned with education in rural areas in their efforts to raise the social and economic status of the rural poor. The Indian study discusses the problem of wastage at the primary school level (with specific reference to Tamil Nadu), and…

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Asian Centre for Educational Innovation for Development.

271

Impacts of China's Rural Land Policy and Administration on Rural Economy and Grain Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distinctive changes in China's rural land policy and administration have exerted significant impacts on China's rural socioeconomic development and grain production, either positively or negatively. This article reviews the changes of China's rural land policy and administration in the recent 5 decades. After the land reform accomplished in 1952 and the people's commune system implemented during 1952-1978, China adopted

Hongye Zhang; Xiaofeng Li; Xiaomei Shao

2006-01-01

272

Strengthening the Rural Carolinas: A Conceptual Framework for the Program for the Rural Carolinas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Duke Endowment's Program for the Rural Carolinas is a 5-year effort to assist the revitalization of rural communities. Guiding principles of the program are that the rural Carolinas matter, this generation of workers matters, effective community development involves the entire community, solutions must be locally determined, healthy…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

273

Ten Decades of Rural Development: Lessons from India. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 1, 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred years of rural development in India is surveyed, tracing the impact of colonial administration up to and including the decades of independence--an administration built on elitism, centralism, and paternalism. Four major rural problems of famine, abuses of land tenure, peasant indebtedness, and rural disaffection and how political…

Khan, Akhter Hameed

274

Teachers' Perceptions of Rural STEM Teaching: Implications for Rural Teacher Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural school districts often struggle with attracting and retaining high-quality teachers, especially in science subject areas. However, little is known about STEM in-service teachers' lived experiences of rural teaching as they relate to retention. In this phenomenographical study, six rural in-service science teachers were interviewed regarding…

Goodpaster, Kasey P. S.; Adedokun, Omolola A.; Weaver, Gabriela C.

2012-01-01

275

The Broadband Quandary for Rural America. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few markets present significant obstacles to their deployment in rural areas. Broadband applications such as e-commerce, distance education, and telemedicine…

Staihr, Brian

276

Rural Africana; Current Research in the Social Sciences. Rural Education, Fall 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bulletin is one in the series "Rural Africana" published 3 times yearly by the African Studies Center, Michigan State University. "Rural Africana" is devoted to current research in the social sciences, exploring the problems of social and economic development in rural Africa south of the Sahara. The present issue is a compilation of papers…

Sheffield, James R., Ed.; And Others

277

Research on Employment in the Rural Nonfarm Sector in Africa. African Rural Employment Paper No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of the role of rural employment in overall economic development, the objectives were to summarize existing knowledge of the rural African nonfarm sector and to develop an analytical framework for examing utilization of labor in this sector, using a descriptive profile, a theoretical model, and a research approach to rural

Liedholm, Carl

278

A Survey of Professional Training and Certification of Rural Administrators and Rural Teachers in New Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and administrators in rural New Mexico schools and preservice teachers at New Mexico State University were surveyed to determine components that could be included in teacher education programs to augment prospective rural teachers' skills and to ease problems of recruitment/retention of certified personnel in rural schools. Questionnaires…

Tingley, Wayne

279

Is Isolation a Problem? Issues Faced by Rural Libraries and Rural Library Staff in South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to investigate current issues faced by public library staff in rural South Australia and to examine some of the reasons why people choose to work in rural libraries. The study took a mixed methods approach, combining interviews and questionnaires to gain a fuller understanding of the issues and experiences of rural

Haines, Rebecca; Calvert, Philip J.

2009-01-01

280

Rural Policy and the New Regional Economics: Implications for Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses gross economic and demographic trends in rural and urban America during the past 30 years, the kinds of competitive advantages enjoyed by urban and rural regions, and insights offered by the new regional economics concerning exploitation of those advantages. The importance of agriculture has declined in rural areas, while that…

Quigley, John M.

281

A Bibliography on Rural Development in Tanzania. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural development is understood to mean both the increased productivity of agriculture and other rural economic activities and the enhancement of the material well-being of the rural people (who comprise about 90% of Tanzania's 16 million population) through education, improved health, and better nutrition. Seven hundred and sixty-one books,…

Kocher, James E.; Fleisher, Beverly

282

A Critique of "New" Rural Local Governance: The Case of Gender in a Rural Australian Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade rural social scientists have demonstrated significant interest in documenting the new forms of governance emerging in rural and regional areas. However, little attention has been given to examining the gendered aspects of these new arrangements. This paper takes up the issue of gender and governance in rural areas by reporting…

Pini, Barbara

2006-01-01

283

7 CFR 4290.130 - Identified Rural Areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BUSINESS INVESTMENT COMPANY (âRBICâ) PROGRAM Qualifications for the RBIC Program Organizing A Rbic § 4290.130 Identified Rural Areas. A RBIC must identify the...

2010-01-01

284

Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development  

E-print Network

The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

2004-01-01

285

79 FR 34274 - Secure Rural Schools Resource Advisory Committees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Forest Service Secure Rural Schools Resource Advisory Committees...Intent to Renew the Secure Rural School Resource Advisory Committees...Agriculture intends to renew the charter for the Secure Rural Schools Resource Advisory...

2014-06-16

286

74 FR 53213 - Secure Rural Schools Resource Advisory Committees  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACTION: Notice; Charter Re-Establishment...the Secure Rural Schools Resource Advisory...SUMMARY: The eight charters for the Secure Rural School Resource Advisory...re-establish the eight charters for the Secure Rural Schools Resource...

2009-10-16

287

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

288

7 CFR 2.47 - Administrator, Rural Utilities Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...relating to Rural Utilities Service activities. (xiv...conservation and development projects in rural areas under... (8) Collect, service, and liquidate loans...Administer the Distance Learning and Medical Link Programs...telephone facilities and service in rural areas as...

2013-01-01

289

Securing Funding in Rural Programs for Young Handicapped Children. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of securing funds to support programs for the young handicapped child is a major one for rural service providers. The process of securing funds from within the rural community itself should include nine steps: (1) defining the needy; (2) determining responsibility; (3) identifying resources; (4) considering the message; (5) choosing…

Garland, Corinne Welt, Comp.

290

Solar Energy for Rural Egypt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Egypt is currently experiencing the symptoms of an energy crisis, such as electricity outage and high deficit, due to increasing rates of fossil fuels consumption. Conversely, Egypt has a high solar availability of more than 18.5 MJ daily. Additionally, Egypt has large uninhabited deserts on both sides of the Nile valley and Sinai Peninsula, which both represent more than 96.5 % of the nation's total land area. Therefore, solar energy is one of the promising solutions for the energy shortage in Egypt. Furthermore, these vast lands are advantageous for commissioning large-scaled solar power projects, not only in terms of space availability, but also of availability of high quality silicon (sand) required for manufacturing silicon wafers used in photovoltaic (PV) modules. Also, rural Egypt is considered market a gap for investors, due to low local competition, and numerous remote areas that are not connected to the national electricity grid. Nevertheless, there are some obstacles that hinder the progress of solar energy in Egypt; for instance, the lack of local manufacturing capabilities, security, and turbulent market in addition to other challenges. This paper exhibits an experience of the authors designing and installing decentralized PV solar systems, with a total rated power of about 11 kW, installed at two rural villages in at the suburbs of Fayoum city, in addition to a conceptual design of a utility scale, 2 MW, PV power plant to be installed in Kuraymat. The outcomes of this experience asserted that solar PV systems can be a more technically and economically feasible solution for the energy problem in rural villages.

Abdelsalam, Tarek I.; Darwish, Ziad; Hatem, Tarek M.

291

European Rural Regions: Current Trends, Future Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inclusion of the above statement as one of the key objectives in the draft Constitution for Europe is indicative of the significance of spatial equity to the members of the European Union. Implicit within this statement is a concern for rural regions as illustrated at the Salzburg Conference. In many respects this concern with rural regions sets the EU

David Meredith

2007-01-01

292

Midwestern Rural Adolescents' Oral Sex Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined the prevalence of oral sexual activity in rural Midwestern adolescents. We also examined the correlates of a series of risk behaviors with oral sexual activity. Methods: A questionnaire based on the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was distributed to 2121 rural middle and high school students in grades 6-12…

Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; Ward, Britney L.; Welch, Philip J.

2011-01-01

293

Rural Family Medicine Training in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the status of postgraduate family medicine training in rural settings in Canada and identifies problems and how they are addressed. Specifically, a survey of 18 university programs examined the portion of family medicine block training that is done in a rural practice setting within the 2-year postgraduate family medicine…

Rourke, James T. B.; Rourke, Leslie L.

294

Rural Women's Vocational Training for National Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although women are a crucial element in national rural development, their role continues to be neglected in plans and programs for change--especially in Third World countries. In addition to the burden faced by rural people generally in developing countries, women carry a double burden because of their low social status, high illiteracy rate, lack…

Chu, Lily

295

Black Rural Land Decline in the South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that it is widely accepted that millions of blacks who migrated from the South contributed significantly to the decline of black rural land ownership. However, the less than altruistic behavior patterns of land officials has also contributed to the loss of rural land by blacks. (Author/AM)

McGee, Leo; Boone, Robert

1977-01-01

296

Gay Men with AIDS in Rural America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some gay men spend their entire lives living in small towns or rural areas. Many more grow up there and emigrate to large cities, with some returning to the communities they grew up in when they become symptomatic with AIDS. Gay men living in rural areas face different obstacles than those living in large urban centers with well defined gay

Michael Shernoff

1997-01-01

297

Implementing Patient Safety Initiatives in Rural Hospitals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementation of patient safety initiatives can be costly in time and energy. Because of small volumes and limited resources, rural hospitals often are not included in nationally driven patient safety initiatives. This article describes the Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration project, whose goal was to strengthen capacity for…

Klingner, Jill; Moscovice, Ira; Tupper, Judith; Coburn, Andrew; Wakefield, Mary

2009-01-01

298

Skill Development for Volunteering in Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the skills required of volunteers in the voluntary sector organisations that operate in three rural Tasmanian communities. It reports how volunteers acquire those skills and reveals the challenges faced by voluntary sector organisations in rural communities whose industries and, following from this, community members have a…

Kilpatrick, Sue; Stirling, Christine; Orpin, Peter

2010-01-01

299

Improving Rural Leadership Potential in Public Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most of the United States, rural areas are experiencing economic and social changes that raise new policy questions for both government and private organizations. Often, these changes have industrial or urban roots and require knowledge and skills not part of the background of most rural people, with the likely outcome that farmers and other…

Howell, Robert E.

300

Adapting communication technology for rural development.  

PubMed

The experience in most Third World countries is that communication technology is not being applied to rural development. Originally, communications programs were advanced to meet the need for better participation in development programs by rural people and to facilitate the transfer of technical know-how. However, there has been so systematic use of this approach. Rural broadcasting rarely receives more than a fraction of total air time, and programs that do exist are uninspiring and ineffective. There is a shortage of portable recording equipment and transport, meaning that very little field recording can be done. Totally unexplored has been the potential of portable closed-circuit video for use in rural areas. The mere availability of cheap and appropriate communication technology such as videotaping does not ensure its use for rural development. The real obstacles are linked to rural development policies and politics. Within most governments, rural and agricultural development are not priorities in terms of budgetary and staff allocations. Morever, within that sector, communication is viewed as a peripheral activity. Governments have found it easier in many cases to issue 1-way commands than to communicate and plan with the rural population. A final factor of great importance is training people to use the tools of communication. PMID:12314979

Fraser, C

1983-01-01

301

Telepsychiatry for Treating Rural American Indian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of all of the medical specialties, child and adolescent psychiatry has the most severe shortage of practitioners. This shortage is even more pronounced in economically disadvantaged and rural areas. The American Indian population is younger, more economically disadvantaged, and more rural than the general U.S. population (United States Census…

Savin, Daniel; Garry, Mark T.; Zuccaro, Paula; Novins, Douglas

2006-01-01

302

Transformational Teacher Leadership in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the author explores the rural school context and its teacher leaders as a third transformational leadership prototype adding to Leithwood and Jantzi's (1999) two transformational leadership prototypes of females and new teachers in the elementary school. The author helps illuminate new understanding of rural schools and their highly…

Anderson, Kirk David

2008-01-01

303

Survey of Rural Information Infrastructure Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication and information technologies can reduce the barriers of distance and space that disadvantage rural areas. This report defines a set of distinct voice, computer, and video telecommunication services; describes several rural information applications that make use of these services; and surveys various wireline and wireless systems and…

Allen, Kenneth C.; And Others

304

New Mexico State Library Rural Services Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the information needs of rural services clientele was undertaken in New Mexico to define the services that the state library should provide. A survey about information needs was prepared and mailed to post office box holders, randomly selected, in rural areas of the state. In all, 1,200 surveys were distributed. Responses were received…

New Mexico State Library, Santa Fe.

305

Revisiting Rurality and Schooling: A Teacher's Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an understanding of what it means to be a teacher in a school defined as "rural". From a sociological perspective, we consider the mechanisms and ways of knowing that are adopted by a teacher for understanding not only the external world but for being a certain kind of teacher for a school in a rural setting. Employing data…

Pillay, Daisy; Saloojee, Sheeren

2012-01-01

306

Safety Considerations When Driving on Rural Roads  

E-print Network

and usable flashlight. · Carry water, food, and emergency supplies. · Don't count on cell phone serviceSafety Considerations When Driving on Rural Roads Introduction Secondary roads in remote and procedures to follow. Characteristics of rural or forest roads Extra caution is required when driving

Vivoni, Enrique R.

307

Barriers to Distance Education in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the current study was to examine barriers to the use of distance education and explore related factors in small and low-income rural schools. Data were collected via a telephone survey with administrators or other qualified personnel. The sample involved 417 randomly selected small and low-income rural school districts…

Irvin, Matthew J.; Hannum, Wallace H.; Varre, Claire de la; Farmer, Thomas W.

2010-01-01

308

Distance Education in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the mid-1990s, distance education seemed to hold the future for rural community colleges. As distance education has moved to Internet-based technologies, concern has been raised about the digital divide and its impact on distance education. This article describes the status of technology-based distance education offered by rural community…

Cejda, Brent D.

2007-01-01

309

Distance Education Use in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of rural school systems in the United States was conducted to determine the extent to which distance education is being utilized by rural schools, the technologies used, the curriculum areas impacted, the perceived needs for distance education, their satisfaction with distance education, and the barriers to distance education…

Hannum, Wallace H.; Irvin, Matthew J.; Banks, Jonathan B.; Farmer, Thomas W.

2009-01-01

310

Booms in the Rural West: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews socioeconomic impacts of rapid growth on rural areas in the western United States. Concludes that costs of development exceed benefits for some groups. Calls for research and policy initiatives to identify appropriate strategies to manage the growth and decline which are characteristic of changing rural areas. (LFL)

Fraser, Mark

1986-01-01

311

Amenities and Rural Appalachia Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patterns of economic growth in rural Appalachia are examined with a focus on natural and built amenities. While the literature is clear that rural areas endowed with scenic beauty, lakes, forests, and wildlife, among other natural amenities, and coupled with built amenities such as golf courses, are experiencing robust economic growth. It is not clear if these patterns extend to

Steven C. Deller; Victor Lledo

2007-01-01

312

Needs of Rural Schools Regarding HIV Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews problems related to sexual activity among rural U.S. teenagers, successes and failures of teen sex education programs, and problems and needs specific to rural areas. In a recent poll, 89% of adults favored sex education in the schools and 73% supported making birth control information and contraceptives available in school…

Helge, Doris

313

Remote Schools: A Dilemma Beyond Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With an area of 110,540 square miles and a population of less than one million people, Nevada experiences educational problems that are not simply rural but remote--vast distances, geographic barriers, lack of services, untrained personnel, inadequate funding, etc. The Nevada Rural School District Alliance was formed in 1983 to improve the quality…

Davis, L. D.

314

Agriculture and Rural Development Culture and Education  

E-print Network

B Agriculture and Rural Development Culture and Education Fisheries Regional Development Transport Transport and Tourism Regional Development Fisheries Culture and EducationCulture and Education Agriculture and Rural Development AFT ! DRAFT ! DRAFTEASE! PRE-RELEASE! THE ROLE OF CHINA IN WORLD FISHERIES STUDY EN

Pauly, Daniel

315

The Self-Esteem of Rural Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children's self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children's self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children's feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher…

Yang, Raymond K.; Fetsch, Robert J.

2007-01-01

316

Rural Education Directory: Organizations and Resources, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains brief descriptions and contact information for organizations, agencies, and publications related to rural education. Mindful of the wide variety of issues impacting rural schools and related information needs, the directory includes national associations, research and training centers, health organizations, publishers,…

Burczyk, Charlotte, Comp.; Dawson, Cindy, Comp.; Hammer, Patricia Cahape, Comp.; Mays, Janet, Comp.; Moellendick, Joseph, Comp.

317

Rural Poverty Resource Directory. 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains names and contact information for over 50 social scientists who are available for consultation on policy issues related to poverty in rural America. Part I is organized by topics that are relevant to rural poverty policies and legislation. Under each topic heading are the names; university affiliations; addresses; and…

Summers, Gene F., Comp.; And Others

318

Applications of Technology in Rural School Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools often have difficulty in developing and implementing a 21st century, K-12 technology plan. This report describes one rural school district's (Wayne, Nebraska) successful efforts at technology integration. It discusses the efforts of installing 25 networked computers in the local high school, linking buildings with fiber-optic cables,…

Jensen, Dennis

319

Selected Health Practices Among Ohio's Rural Residents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a stratified random sample of 12 of Ohio's 88 counties, this 1967 study had as its objectives (1) to measure the level of participation in selected health practices by Ohio's rural residents, (2) to compare the level of participation in selected health practices of farm and rural nonfarm residents, and (3) to examine levels of participation…

Phillips, G. Howard; Pugh, Albert

320

Educating Practitioners for Integrative Rural Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably, living and working in rural communities can pose significant challenges for human service practitioners--challenges that are different from those encountered by their urban counterparts. Human services employers, like many other employers in rural areas, have difficulty in recruiting and retaining staff. There is now considerable…

Chenoweth, Lesley

2004-01-01

321

Developing a Rural Teacher Education Curriculum Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents the development of a new website (www.rrrtec.net.au) specifically designed to better equip teacher educators to prepare graduates to teach in rural and regional communities. The two year study (2009-2011) that informed the website's creation included three data sources: A literature review of research into rural teacher…

White, Simone; Kline, Jodie

2012-01-01

322

Training To Provide for Healthy Rural Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the world's rapidly expanding aging population is in rural areas of developing countries. Geriatric training programs should include social, economic, and psychological aspects of aging as well as medical, and should focus on enabling primary health caregivers to care for older people in their environments. Efforts to provide rural

Troisi, Joseph

2001-01-01

323

Physical Activity and Rural Middle School Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports the self-reported physical activity level of rural adolescents. Eight hundred and twenty two middle school adolescents (M = 229, F = 593), mean age = 13.9 in three rural Indiana middle schools reported their participation in out-of-school physical activities over a 5 day period. Responses to the activity items were recoded into sedentary, active, and very active

Michael P. Savage; Lisa B. Scott

1998-01-01

324

Rurality Index for Small Areas in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An operational definition for "rural area" is pivotal if proposals, policies and decisions aimed at optimising the distribution of resources, closing the gap on inequity between areas and raising standards of living for the least advantaged populations are to be put in place. The concept of rurality, however, is often based on alternative and…

Ocana-Riola, Ricardo; Sanchez-Cantalejo, Carmen

2005-01-01

325

Rural School Children Picturing Family Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rurality is an active agent and central to the lived experiences of children growing up on a farm and attending a farm school. It is a key to their everyday experiences, and influences family life, schooling and their future. Previous studies elsewhere in the world have explored the notion of childhood in rural contexts, but there is a dearth of…

de Lange, Naydene; Olivier, Tilla; Geldenhuys, Johanna; Mitchell, Claudia

2012-01-01

326

The Rural World: Education and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calling for an international educational policy that would relate all education to the rural world and agriculture, this book is directed toward the developing nations and maintains: all citizens must be made aware of the importance of agriculture in the process of socioeconomic development; rural subjects should be included in education in…

Malassis, Louis

327

Planning Educational Services for Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report showed ways of providing rural youths with quality schooling while keeping costs down. An Oklahoma survey of student needs measured quality differences between rural and urban areas. Students from farms, ranches, and small towns consistently ranked below students in middle and large cities on achievement tests in each grade level…

White, Fred; Tweeten, Luther

328

Child Adoption in Contemporary Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative information from in-depth interviews and quantitative data from a survey of 425 adoptive families conducted in summer 2001 in rural China, this study attempts to explain the social and demographic patterns of adoption and investigate the roles of the State and families in adoption processes in contemporary rural China. Within…

Zhang, Weiguo

2006-01-01

329

Integrating the Arts in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes integrated approach to teaching the arts which can be utilized in single or multi-grade classrooms in rural settings by teachers who may not have a background in any art form. Addresses problems of time, preparation, and resources that hinder curriculum development by rural educators. (NEC)

Galles, Karen

1986-01-01

330

Racial Differences in Rural Adolescent Drug Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug abuse and the differences in drug use patterns and related behavior between rural blacks and whites were examined. Questionnaires were administered to 993 (369 black and 624 white) rural adolescents in grades 7-12 in randomly selected schools in Texas. The instrument totaled 15 pages containing 65 items which yielded 178 quantifiable…

Staggs, Frank M., Jr.; Nyberg, Kenneth L.

331

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

332

Police Management Guidelines for Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of the rural police function is likely to mount due to increasing urban to rural migration and a climbing crime rate (up as much as 30 percent in some parts of the midwest). Although 92 percent of police departments in the U.S. are comprised of less than 10 officers, there is little information available on the organization and…

Zapke, Robert A.

333

Catholic High Schools and Rural Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the effects of rural Catholic high schools on achievement in mathematics, high school graduation rates, and the likelihood that high school graduates go on to college are examined. Estimates that are corrected for selection bias indicate that rural Catholic high schools have a positive effect on mathematics test scores and no effect on graduation rates or on

William Sander

1997-01-01

334

Poverty and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poverty in rural Ethiopia is vast by any standard. Using the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS), which is a panel data set consisting of four rounds between 1994 and 1997, this analysis aims to examine the broad trends in poverty by calculating and decomposing poverty measures of the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke class, as well as to analyse the correlates of poverty by

Christelle Swanepoel

2005-01-01

335

Women's Fear of Crime: A Rural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines women's experience of fear of crime in rural areas. It argues that much existing research on issues of gender, fear and safety have focused on urban areas and that as a result we know relatively little about women's experience of fear in a rural context. As well as arguing that we need to redress the balance and respond to the…

Little, Jo; Panelli, Ruth; Kraack, Anna

2005-01-01

336

Energy Use and Concerns of Rural Nebraskans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy prices have steadily increased during the past year. Rural residents are now faced with higher costs to drive and heat and cool their homes. Given these conditions, how much of a problem have rising energy costs been for rural Nebraskans? What are their opinions on future energy sources? What changes have they made or do they plan to make

Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Miguel A. Carranza; Bruce Johnson; David J. Peters

2008-01-01

337

Rural Itinerant Manpower Services, 1978-1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Itinerant Manpower Services Project, a joint venture of Portable Practical Education Preparation, Inc. (PPED) and Arizona's Department of Economic Security (DES), is a modified mobile service delivery model. It seeks unsubsidized employment for and provides social services to Southern Arizona's migrant/seasonal farmworkers and rural poor…

Green, Charles

338

Obesity and Physical Inactivity in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context and Purpose: Obesity and physical inactivity are common in the United States, but few studies examine this issue within rural populations. The present study uses nationally representative data to study obesity and physical inactivity in rural populations. Methods: Data came from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey Sample Adult and…

Patterson, Paul Daniel; Moore, Charity G.; Probst, Janice C.; Shinogle, Judith Ann

2004-01-01

339

Rural and Urban Differences in Day Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates rural and urban differences in the need for and use of child care services. The research reported here consists of a secondary analysis of data collected in needs assessment questionnaires administered in four areas: rural Dane County, Wisconsin; urban Stoughton, Wisconsin; urban Madison, Wisconsin; and a five-county area…

Olsen, Glenn William

340

Poverty and Aging in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the high incidence of poverty among the rural elderly, their sources of income, and their helping networks. Calls attention to rural-urban differences, farm/nonfarm resident distinctions, regional differences, and characteristics of recent immigrants versus long-term residents. Urges social work interventions that address the distinctive…

Coward, Raymond T.

1987-01-01

341

Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy  

E-print Network

1 Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy Enterprise Development (B-REED) Juan Zak UNEP Risoe, but electricity supply to rural areas is not an attractive business for them. #12;4 First policy support 1 that encourages manufacture of alternative energy equipment in Brazil. 2. Replace subsidies via CCC by extension

342

Preliminary Findings on Rural Homelessness in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is designed to present preliminary findings from the first comprehensive study of rural homelessness in the United States. The study was conducted during the first 6 months of 1990, and data were collected from interviews with 921 homeless adults in 21 randomly selected rural counties in Ohio. The sample counties represent 26% of the…

First, Richard J.; And Others

343

A robust rural economy in 2006?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural America will remember 2005 as a year of drought, hurricanes, and surging gas prices. To be sure, some regions of the country faced devastating natural catastrophes. Yet, these catastrophes did not stop the farm sector from posting another banner income year—nor did they stop the nonfarm sectors from enjoying solid gains in employment and income. Overall, the rural economy

Jason Henderson

2006-01-01

344

Environmental Scanning Practices for Rural Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of environmental scanning in the planning efforts of rural community colleges. Reviews basic techniques and terminology and suggests sources of data. Argues that environmental scanning allows rural colleges to inexpensively forecast change, identify implications for the organization, and plan preferred responses to shape…

Friedel, Janice Nahra; Lapin, Joel D.

1995-01-01

345

Community outreach: rural mobile health unit.  

PubMed

With the increased emphasis on cost containment, hospital administrators are investigating community outreach projects to remain economically viable. The authors describe the planning and implementation of a mobile health unit for rural elderly residents. This project represents an alternative model of healthcare delivery in a rural area with limited resources and healthcare providers. PMID:8968323

Alexy, B B; Elnitsky, C A

1996-12-01

346

3, 49895018, 2003 Climatology of rural  

E-print Network

ACPD 3, 4989­5018, 2003 Climatology of rural surface ozone in Greece P. D. Kalabokas and C. C and Physics Discussions A climatological study of rural surface ozone in central Greece P. D. Kalabokas and C. C. Repapis Academy of Athens, Research Center for Atmospheric Physics and Climatology, Athens

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

Improving rural access to emergency physicians.  

PubMed

The recent Institute of Medicine report entitled The Future of Emergency Care in the United States Health System acknowledges workforce issues in rural America but does not adequately address the current shortage of emergency medicine residency-trained and board-certified emergency physicians in rural America. Areas worthy of further attention to ameliorate this threat include 1) government and hospital support of emergency medicine resident educational debt load, 2) modification of residency review committee for emergency medicine guidelines to permit modified training programs that are rural focused, and 3) support of pilot projects designed to modify the delivery of rural emergency care under remote supervision by academic medical center-based practitioners. The authors discuss these potential solutions to help guide policy makers seeking to enhance rural emergency care delivery through a stronger emergency medicine workforce. PMID:17470904

Handel, Daniel A; Hedges, Jerris R

2007-06-01

348

Rural Adult Learners: An Emerging Clientele for Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1975 a reverse in rural to urban migration has created an increasing population of rural adults who require the availability of continuing education programs; 28.8 % of the population now resides in rural areas. Although characteristics of urban and rural populations differ significantly, both have similar continuing education needs. In…

Barker, Bruce

349

Improving Rural Cancer Patients' Outcomes: A Group-Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant barriers exist in the delivery of state-of-the-art cancer care to rural populations. Rural providers' knowledge and practices, their rural health care delivery systems, and linkages to cancer specialists are not optimal; therefore, rural cancer patient outcomes are less than achievable. Purpose: To test the effects of a strategy…

Elliott, Thomas E.; Elliott, Barbara A.; Regal, Ronald R.; Renier, Colleen M.; Haller, Irina V.; Crouse, Byron J.; Witrak, Martha T.; Jensen, Patricia B.

2004-01-01

350

Rural Communities in an Advanced Industrial Society: Dilemmas and Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major features previously used to define rural life now fail to describe much of rural America, as changes that place rural areas in the vanguard of American society are manifest in rural landscape, institutions, economic activity, and life. The principal policy thrusts of modernization and urbanization and the related theories of product…

Blakely, Edward J.

351

Toward a More Holistic Evaluation Approach for Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion on and development of a holistic evaluation approach for rural development will be indispensable to improving and enriching the lives of rural people. This approach can be developed by considering the conceptualization of community policy structure in rural areas, the localization of policy structure in the rural community, and the…

Miyoshi, Koichi

2013-01-01

352

America's Forgotten Children: Child Poverty in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report draws on research, statistics, and the voices of rural young people to document the extent and causes of rural child poverty, and related problems and reasons for hope in specific focus areas. About 2.5 million rural children are chronically poor. Rural poverty is concentrated in central Appalachia, the deep South, the U.S.-Mexican…

Nadel, Wendy; Sagawa, Shirley

353

Improving Research on Mathematics Learning and Teaching in Rural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adequate research base for mathematics learning and teaching in rural areas does not exist. According to Silver (2001), mathematics education research has virtually ignored rural context, even though approximately one third of the nation's population lives in rural areas. Mathematics education and rural education researchers seem to have little…

Bush, William S.

2005-01-01

354

From açaí to access: distributed electrification in rural Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To rigorously examine success and failure in the use of small scale technologies for rural electrification. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Semi-structured primary field interviews plus secondary sources. Findings – Business model differences and influence of institutions important are important for understanding success and failure in rural electrification and the contribution rural electrification can play in rural development. Research limitations\\/implications –

Hisham Zerriffi

2008-01-01

355

Sources of Inequities in Rural America: Implications for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper identifies the basic factors affecting rural development and the social consequences of rural policies and structural changes in agriculture; it also suggests research areas relating some of these factors to what is happening in America's rural communities. Data sources such as congressional hearings, rural sociologists' critiques,…

Fujimoto, Isao; Zone, Martin

356

Sociology of ICT: Rural Internet Kiosk as Shared Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

By some estimates, there are over 150 rural PC kiosk projects in India, reaching approximately 10,000 rural villages across the country. Efforts like this to apply information and communication technologies to rural development are almost always led by urban technologists, who have preconceptions about villagers and their aspirations. In some cases, the urban-rural cultural differences are further augmented by transnational

N Rangaswamy

2005-01-01

357

Gender and Rural Employment: A View from Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on women employment in rural areas and its impacts in food security. The presentation includes data on rural women employment and its different labour strategies: temporary work, non agriculture rural employment and permanent rural employment. Poverty alleviation and its impact on families as well as implications in the economic…

Ballara, Marcela

2007-01-01

358

Rural-Specific Concerns and Strategies in the Budget Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, rural students represent about a quarter of all students attending public school; nearly a third of all schools are located in rural areas. Those rural schools and students have a number of unique characteristics and needs. For example, the smaller size of many rural schools and districts can sometimes lead to per-pupil expenditures…

Johnson, Jerry; Malhoit, Greg; Shope, Shane

2012-01-01

359

Center for Excellence in Rural Safety Mid-Term Report  

E-print Network

deaths.We are examining how new technology, better understanding of rural culture and driver behaviorsCenter for Excellence in Rural Safety Mid-Term Report July 2008 #12;#12;Contents Rural Safety at a Glance....................1 About the Center ..................................1 Quick facts on rural

Levinson, David M.

360

Rural Health Care Delivery: Hard Times, Hard Changes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America is undergoing rapid and confusing change which impacts on the role of rural health educators and practitioners. Although rural life has been romanticized, rural areas have emergencies and accidents remote from professional assistance, occupational diseases, high infant and maternal mortality rates, and the same high incidence of…

McLaughlin, Judith

361

Substance abuse in rural and small town America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol abuse exceeds illicit drug abuse in rural America and is a serious problem among rural youth, as highlighted here. The report also confirms that the abuse of stimulants, including methamphetamine, is high among certain rural populations, particularly among the rural unemployed.

Karen Van Gundy

2006-01-01

362

The High Performance Rural Health Care System of the Future  

E-print Network

are compounded in rural America by disproportionally ill and disabled rural citizens, under-financed primary care. But even foundations need support. A robust primary care system is fundamental and essential to the health services and sophisticated technologies. Therefore, rural primary care and other fundamental rural health

Maxwell, Bruce D.

363

The Relationship of Rurality and Education Accountability Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines accountability outcomes of Tennessee school districts, comparing rural versus urban districts and litigant versus nonlitigant districts from a 1993 fiscal equity lawsuit. School districts were assigned a measure of rurality using the Cleland Rurality Index, and comparisons were made among the 29 low-rurality districts, 66…

Peevely, Gary; Ray, John R.

364

Rural Communities: Human and Symbolic Capital Development, Fields Apart.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the nature of rurality as a social construct and implications for policymakers considering lifelong education in developed economies of the world. Discussion focuses on three key questions: (1) what is rurality?; (2) what effect has rurality on cultural identity; and (3) what are rural and urban young people's perceptions of formal…

Atkin, Chris

2003-01-01

365

Quality of Diabetes Mellitus Care by Rural Primary Care Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To explore the relationship between degree of rurality and glucose (hemoglobin A1c), blood pressure (BP), and lipid (LDL) control among patients with diabetes. Methods: Descriptive study; 1,649 patients in 205 rural practices in the United States. Patients' residence ZIP codes defined degree of rurality (Rural-Urban Commuting Areas…

Tonks, Stephen A.; Makwana, Sohil; Salanitro, Amanda H.; Safford, Monika M.; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Curry, William; Estrada, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

366

Teaching in Rural and Isolated Areas of Queensland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1985 mail survey of 97 rural schools and 53 coastal (urban/suburban) schools in Queensland, Australia, investigated teacher characteristics, problems, and needs. Respondents included 504 rural teachers, 215 rural parents, 405 coastal teachers, and 179 coastal parents. The results confirm many previous findings about teaching in rural Australia.…

Duck, Greg; And Others

367

Rural Difference: A Challenge for Beginning Teachers. Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, many teachers begin their careers in rural schools, a posting for which they are often ill-prepared. This book addresses the concerns of beginning teachers or other teachers about to take up rural appointments. The first chapter examines the context of rural schools, differentiates between "rural education" (education tailored to the…

Higgins, Andrew H.

368

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans  

E-print Network

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans 2008 Nebraska Rural Poll that they understand the issue of global climate change either fairly or very well. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe climate change is already happening. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe that our actions contribute

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

369

DENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ALTHOUGH DENTAL PROBLEMS ARE COMMON IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS, RURAL CHILDREN SEEM TO HAVE MORE DIFFICULTIES. THE REASONS FOR THIS APPEAR TO BE THAT THERE ARE FEWER DENTISTS PER CAPITA IN RURAL AREAS, AND THAT THE RURAL CHILD IS USUALLY EXPOSED TO A WATER SYSTEM LACKING FLUORIDATION, WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF ADMINISTERING FLUORIDES.…

DONNELLY, CHARLES J.

370

Digital Development in Rural Areas: Potentials and Pitfalls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on rural-urban differences in access to telecommunications technology suggest that the U.S. "digital divide" is diminishing. However, major shortcomings in telecommunications infrastructure persist in rural America, and more serious barriers to rural development are related to human capital shortages. These may be resolved in some rural areas…

Malecki, Edward J.

2003-01-01

371

Rural Latino Resources: A National Guide. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides background information on rural Latinos and includes brief profiles of 98 social scientists, researchers, and educators that focus their work on the rural Latino population. The first section addresses the need to study the rural Latino population and discusses census data, distinctions between rural and urban Mexican…

Rochin, Refugio I.; Marroquin, Emily

372

Perspectives in Rural Health Syllabus (Spring Elective) Course Overview  

E-print Network

of the literature that providing primary care to any population improves their health care status. Since Oklahoma: the NRHA Overview of OSU-CHS Center for Rural Health and the Oklahoma State Office of Rural Health Oklahoma Area Health Education Centers and Community Campus Early Rural Experience and the Summer Rural

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

373

Rural practice as a desired career option for health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural communities are faced with many social, economic and cultural challenges all of which impact on the viability of the community. Globalisation has indirectly resulted in the decline of the rural sector, a net loss in circulating money in many rural communities and changed community demographics. Young people move from rural communities out of necessity to more populous centres which

Karen Francis; Debra Bell; Margaret Mcleod; Fran White; Gabrielle O'Kane

374

What evidence-based undergraduate interventions promote rural health?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Method Literature review. Results Ten successful programmes were identified. Common features included selective admission, curricular focus on primary care\\/family medicine, community- based teaching, and community\\/rural preceptorship. A strong association exists between rural background of the student and choice of both a rural career and a career in primary care. Medical students of rural origin with an initial interest in a

Wayne Hsueh; Tim Wilkinson; Janne Bills

375

CURRENT ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLISHED BY THE SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES OCTOBER 2003 RURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODS  

E-print Network

to International Organisations - Summary of The World Bank: Reaching the Rural Poor 46 Rural Development According31/32 CURRENT ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLISHED BY THE SWEDISH UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES OCTOBER 2003 RURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL LIVELIHOODSRURAL

376

Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

1995-11-01

377

Hearing sensitivity in rural Michigan.  

PubMed

In a survey of the hearing sensitivity of a rural mid-Michigan population, 1,325 adults over 15 years of age received pure tone air conduction tests in a "mini" IAC room housed in a small trailer. In addition, a detailed questionnaire was administered to each person to obtain information about his exposure to noise vocationally and avocationally, family history of hearing loss, etc. Results indicated that, on the average, individuals displayed hearing losses considerably greater than was predicted on the basis of presbycusis alone. Also, people who had never had any industrial noise exposure had thresholds almost as poor as those who had worked in factories. These findings are discussed in view of the subject's exposure to various types of nonoccupational noise such as snowmobiles and motorcycles. PMID:1111269

Townsend, T H; Bess, F H; Fishbeck, W A

1975-01-01

378

Rural Schools' Mental Health Needs  

E-print Network

d b y t h e A m er ic an P sy ch o lo g ic al A ss o ci at io n o r o n e o f it s al li ed p u b li sh er s. T h is a rt ic le i s in te n d ed s o le ly f o r th e p er so n al u se o f th e in d iv id u al u se r an d i... health services (Harowski, Turner, LeVine, Schank & Leichter, 2006}.The available research indicates the mental health needs of rural populations are heterogeneous and shift on the basis of an array of changing socioeconomic factors, including...

Lee, Steven W.; Lohmeier, Jill H.; Niileksela, Christopher Robert; Oeth, Jessica

2009-01-01

379

Rural physicians, rural networks, and free market health care in the 1990s.  

PubMed

The changes brought about by managed care in America's urban communities will have profound effects on rural physicians and hospitals. The rural health care market characterized by small, independent group practices working with community hospitals is being offered affiliations with large, often urban-based health care organizations. Health care is evolving into a free market system characterized by large networks of organizations capable of serving whole regions. Rural provider-initiated networks can assure local representation when participating in the new market and improve the rural health infrastructure. Although an extensive review of the literature from 1970 to 1996 reveals little definitive research about networks, many rural hospitals have embraced networking as one strategy to unify health care systems with minimal capitalization. These networks, now licensed in Minnesota and New York, offer rural physicians the opportunity to team up with their community hospital and enhance local health care accessibility. PMID:9225701

Rosenthal, T C; James, P; Fox, C; Wysong, J; FitzPatrick, P G

1997-01-01

380

50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas 7 Figure...Subpt. E, Fig. 7 Figure 7 to Subpart E of Part 300—Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas...

2010-10-01

381

50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas 7 Figure...Subpt. E, Fig. 7 Figure 7 to Subpart E of Part 300—Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas...

2012-10-01

382

50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas 7 Figure...Subpt. E, Fig. 7 Figure 7 to Subpart E of Part 300—Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas...

2013-10-01

383

50 CFR Figure 7 to Subpart E of... - Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas 7 Figure...Subpt. E, Fig. 7 Figure 7 to Subpart E of Part 300—Western and Central Alaska Rural and Non-Rural Areas...

2011-10-01

384

Definition of "Rural" Determines the Placement Outcomes of a Rural Medical Education Program: Analysis of Jichi Medical University Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show the impact of changing the definition of what is "rural" on the outcomes of a rural medical education program. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 643 graduates under obligatory rural service and 1,699 graduates after serving their obligation, all from Jichi Medical University (JMU), a binding rural education program in Japan,…

Matsumoto, Masatoshi; Inoue, Kazuo; Kajii, Eiji

2010-01-01

385

Fat and muscle mass in different groups of prepubertal and pubertal rural children. Cross-cultural comparisons between Sahelian (rural  

E-print Network

Fat and muscle mass in different groups of prepubertal and pubertal rural children. Cross-cultural of prepubertal and pubertal rural children. Cross-cultural comparisons between Sahelian (rural Senegal comparisons between Sahelian (rural Senegal) and Amazonian (Beni River, Bolivia) children Running title: Fat

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

386

Raising Aspirations of New York State's Rural Youth. A Resource Book of Successful Programs and Strategies for Rural School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Education Advisory Committee, established in 1990 by the New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, was asked to identify and disseminate information on raising the aspirations and increasing educational opportunities for rural students. An examination of effective rural New York school districts led to identification of…

Metis Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

387

Differences in cardiovascular risk factors in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants in Peru  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo assess differences in cardiovascular risk profiles among rural-to-urban migrants and non-migrant groups.MethodsCross-sectional study in Ayacucho and Lima, Peru. Participants were: rural (n=201); rural-to-urban migrants (n=589); and urban (n=199). Cardiovascular risk factors were assessed according to migrant status (migrants vs non-migrants), age at first migration, length of residency in an urban area and lifetime exposure to an urban area.ResultsFor most

J Jaime Miranda; Robert H Gilman; Liam Smeeth

2011-01-01

388

Sex education in rural schools in the United States: impact of rural educators' community identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The overall purpose of this exploratory research was to better understand rural educators' feelings about school?based sex education in order to foster better communication and collaboration between prevention researchers and rural teachers and administrators. In order to accomplish this purpose, the research question asked ‘How does perceived community identity influence rural educators' decisions regarding school?based sex education?’Methods: Qualitative interviews

2008-01-01

389

"Rural health is subjective, everyone sees it differently": understandings of rural health among Australian stakeholders.  

PubMed

In Australia, a diversity of perspectives of rural health have produced a deficit discourse as well as multidisciplinary perspectives that acknowledge diversity and blend in social, cultural and public health concepts. Interviews with 48 stakeholders challenged categories of rural and remote, and discussed these concepts in different ways, but invariably marginalised Aboriginal voices. Respondents overwhelmingly used a deficit discourse to plead for more resources but also blended diverse knowledge and at times reflected a relational understanding of rurality. However, mainstream perspectives dominated Aboriginal voices and racial exclusion remains a serious challenge for rural/remote health in Australia. PMID:24056363

Bourke, Lisa; Taylor, Judy; Humphreys, John S; Wakerman, John

2013-11-01

390

All rural places are not created equal: revisiting the rural mortality penalty in the United States.  

PubMed

Objectives. I investigated mortality disparities between urban and rural areas by measuring disparities in urban US areas compared with 6 rural classifications, ranging from suburban to remote locales. Methods. Data from the Compressed Mortality File, National Center for Health Statistics, from 1968 to 2007, was used to calculate age-adjusted mortality rates for all rural and urban regions by year. Criteria measuring disparity between regions included excess deaths, annual rate of change in mortality, and proportion of excess deaths by population size. I used multivariable analysis to test for differences in determinants across regions. Results. The rural mortality penalty existed in all rural classifications, but the degree of disparity varied considerably. Rural-urban continuum code 6 was highly disadvantaged, and rural-urban continuum code 9 displayed a favorable mortality profile. Population, socioeconomic, and health care determinants of mortality varied across regions. Conclusions. A 2-decade long trend in mortality disparities existed in all rural classifications, but the penalty was not distributed evenly. This constitutes an important public health problem. Research should target the slow rates of improvement in mortality in the rural United States as an area of concern. PMID:25211763

James, Wesley L

2014-11-01

391

Rural-to-Urban Labor Migration, Household Livelihoods, and the Rural Environment in Chongqing Municipality, Southwest China.  

PubMed

Rural migration and its relationship to the rural environment have attracted increasing research interest in recent decades. Rural migration constitutes a key component of human population movement, while rural areas contain most of the world's natural resources such as land and forests. This study empirically evaluates a conceptual framework incorporating rural household livelihoods as an integrative mediating factor between rural migration and the rural environment in the context of rural-to-urban labor migration in Chongqing Municipality, Southwest China. The analysis draws on data collected through household surveys and key informant interviews from four villages. Results confirm the hypothesis that labor-migrant and non-labor-migrant households differ significantly in livelihood activities including agricultural production, agricultural technology use, income and consumption, and resource use and management. Implications for the subsequent environmental outcomes of rural labor out-migration and corresponding natural resource management and policy in rural origin areas are discussed. PMID:22207776

Qin, Hua

2010-10-01

392

Rural Public Transportation Performance Evaluation Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, describes how rural and small city transit operators can use numerical indicators to assess how their systems are performing. Both financial (expense, revenue, and subsidy) and non-financial performance factors are covered. The document intro...

1982-01-01

393

77 FR 4885 - Rural Business Investment Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulation, including one to conform to the 2008 Farm Bill provision that allows a Rural Business Investment...Conservation, and Energy Program of 2008 (the 2008 Farm Bill) was enacted. The 2008 Farm Bill affects several provisions of the RBIP...

2012-02-01

394

Multipurpose Centers in a Rural County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes services, programs, and funding for the various senior centers in Frankin County, New York, which has a predominately rural, low-income population. Services include bus transportation, nutrition programs, health and financial assistance, and social events. (MF)

Norris, Jean

1978-01-01

395

Assessment of rural energy resources; Methodological guidelines  

SciTech Connect

This article presents the methodological guidelines used to assess rural energy resources with an example of its application in three villages each from different physiographic zones of Nepal. Existing energy demand patterns of villages are compared with estimated resource availability, and rural energy planning issues are discussed. Economics and financial supply price of primary energy resources are compared, which provides insight into defective energy planning and policy formulation and implication in the context of rural areas of Nepal. Though aware of the formidable consequences, the rural populace continues to exhaust the forest as they are unable to find financially cheaper alternatives. Appropriate policy measures need to be devised by the government to promote the use of economically cost-effective renewable energy resources so as to change the present energy usage pattern to diminish the environmental impact caused by over exploitation of forest resources beyond their regenerative capacity.

Rijal, K.; Bansal, N.K.; Grover, P.D. (Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Inst. of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 11016 (IN))

1990-01-01

396

PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Rural & urban landscape  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Rural & urban landscape ecology programme group Introduction details at end of next article) #12;2 Habitat Networks Duncan Ray This is an applied programme of studies

397

Rural-Urban Difference in Depression Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective was to assess the association between rurality and depression care. Methods: Data were extracted for 10,319 individuals with self-reported depression in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Pharmacotherapy was defined as an antidepressant p...

F. Dong, J. C. Fortney, J. S. Harman, S. Xu

2009-01-01

398

75 FR 33501 - Rural Microentrepreneur Assistance Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...technical and financial assistance program for qualified microenterprise development organizations to support microentrepreneurs in the development and ongoing success of rural microenterprises. This document corrects the Office of Management...

2010-06-14

399

Rural energy - ODA`s perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Overseas Development Administration has as a goal `to improve the quality of life of people in poorer countries by contributing to sustainable development and reducing poverty and suffering.` Rural energy fits into this goal as a means to an end. The emphasis is firmly on the service provided, with the aim being provision of basic needs as a part of rural development. ODA plays a role in this task on a number of fronts: research and development; support for NGO`s; aid in a bilateral or multilateral form. The view of ODA is that even rural energy projects must emphasize the service provided and must be economically sustainable. Within its sphere of influence, there is a clearly growing position for the employment of rural energy programs.

Woolnough, D.

1997-12-01

400

Las Ferias Agroalimentarias de Costa Rica: espacios para promocionar la agroindustria, los productos típicos y el turismo en los territorios rurales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Con el propósito de analizar las características y el impacto de las ferias agroalimentarias sobre la comercialización de productos agropecuarios, la diversificación de la producción agroindustrial y el desarrollo de nuevas opciones de turismo en los territorios rurales, se realizó una investigación preliminar y de tipo cualitativo de cuatro de las ferias que se realizan en Costa Rica, éstas son

Marvin Blanco; German Masis

2010-01-01

401

Are rural health professionals also social entrepreneurs?  

PubMed

Social entrepreneurs formally or informally generate community associations and networking that produces social outcomes. Social entrepreneurship is a relatively new and poorly understood concept. Policy promotes generating community activity, particularly in rural areas, for health and social benefits and 'community resilience'. Rural health professionals might be well placed to generate community activity due to their status and networks. This exploratory study, conducted in rural Tasmania and the Highlands and Islands of Scotland considered whether rural health professionals act as social entrepreneurs. We investigated activities generated and processes of production. Thirty-eight interviews were conducted with general practitioners, community nurses, primary healthcare managers and allied health professionals living and working rurally. Interviewees were self-selecting responders to an invitation for rural health professionals who were 'formally or informally generating community associations or networking that produced social outcomes'. We found that rural health professionals initiated many community activities with social outcomes, most related to health. Their identification of opportunities related to knowledge of health needs and examples of initiatives seen elsewhere. Health professionals described ready access to useful people and financial resources. In building activities, health professionals could simultaneously utilise skills and knowledge from professional, community member and personal dimensions. Outcomes included social and health benefits, personal 'buzz' and community capacity. Health professionals' actions could be described as social entrepreneurship: identifying opportunities, utilising resources and making 'deals'. They also align with community development. Health professionals use contextual knowledge to envisage and grow activities, indicating that, as social entrepreneurs, they do not explicitly choose a social mission, rather they act within their known world-view. Policymakers could consider ways to engage rural health professionals as social entrepreneurs, in helping to produce resilient communities. PMID:19783086

Farmer, Jane; Kilpatrick, Sue

2009-12-01

402

Rural youth culture: Keten in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

A remarkable present-day phenomenon in rural areas in the Netherlands is that young people, mostly males, often meet in small groups in self-built or at least self-fitted out sheds or caravans (keten). At first glance, these keten seem to be substitutes for more official entertainment sites in the relatively sparsely populated parts of the Dutch countryside, and male rural adolescents,

Tialda Haartsen; Dirk Strijker

2010-01-01

403

URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION OF MISSOURI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes three trends that have characterized the geographic distribution of Missouri's population. One has been the rural-to-urban shift of the population, which was driven by the industrialization of our nation's economy during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The mechanization of agricultural production in rural areas and concurrent proliferation of industrial production in urban areas provided the push\\/pull

Gary Brinker; Ravindra Amonker

404

Calvin Beale's Legacy for Rural Demography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calvin Lunsford Beale was born in Washington, DC, on June 6, 1923, and passed away at age 85 on September 2, 2008. He was a city boy born and bred, and while he "never wanted to live in a rural area" he became one of the most astute observers of rural America in the latter half of the twentieth century. Calvin spent the majority of his…

Brown, David L.; Elo, Irma T.

2011-01-01

405

Ownership matters: Forestland concentration in rural Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The land tenure literature theorizes relationships between land tenure patterns and rural well?being which have application in the analysis of contemporary trends in forestland ownership in the U.S. South. Of particular interest are impacts of landown?ership concentration on the well?being of rural areas. In this article, we review the literature on land concentration and well?being; describe current forest ownership patterns

John C. Bliss; Mary L. Sisock; Thomas W. Birch

1998-01-01

406

Telematics for rural health care practitioners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The " crisis" in rural health care i. e. the decreasing number of practitioners is partially caused by the increasing use of technology in health care. Health care practitioners in rural Canada are progressively finding their practice more difficult because of their isolation from the population centers housing many of the services and supplies needed in the modern practice of medicine. The centralization of these supplies and services results from the increasing use of technology in medicine. It is uneconomical to place expensive equipment highly trained technicians and consultants and well-stocked and current information sources in rural locations where they are underutilized. Thus over the years the increasing use of technology makes rural practice more difficult and less attractive in comparison to an urban practice that can easily and cheaply employ the benefits of technology and expert consultation. The Saskatchewan situation is examined using data collected by the authors and compared to other rural areas reported in the literature. The ways that computer communications can help alleviate this situation are explained and illustrated through a review of North American telematics activities. Telematic services for physicians are developing in North America. This is in synergy with the increasing ownership of computers by physicians. We contrast the Canadian scene with the American. Telematics is a technological approach that can be employed to reduce the isolation of rural health care practitioners. It can provide

Greenfield, Robert H.; Kardaun, Jan W. P. F.

1990-06-01

407

Rural Life and Education: A Study of the Rural-School Problem As a Phase of the Rural-Life Problem. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published in 1922, this book examines changes in rural life during the 19th century, and resulting problems and effects on rural schooling in the early 20th century. The book suggests that by the early 20th century, rural schools had lost their former importance to the community and were far behind compared to the progress of urban schools. The…

Cubberley, Ellwood Patterson

408

The Secure Rural Schools Act of 2000: Does It Make Rural Schools Secure?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State budget crises, along with voter-passed initiatives limiting property tax levies, have severely reduced school financing in many states in recent years. Rural schools may be particularly vulnerable in that they are typically less able to generate revenue because funding often is tied to enrollment, rural districts tend to have lower property…

Gebert, Krista M.; Calkin, David E.; Schuster, Ervin G.

2004-01-01

409

The Impact of Rural Industries on the Outcomes of Schooling in Rural America. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional relationships between rural and urban areas and the changes brought on by specialized rural industries discussed. The digest reviews work that has investigated the impact of farming, manufacturing, and mining on education. The effect of agricultural activity on academic achievement, especially via vocational agriculture programs,…

Howley, Craig B.

410

The benefits of rural roads. Enhancing income opportunities for the rural poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies have measured the benefits of rehabilitated rural roads by focusing on reductions in monetary or time costs needed to access product and factor markets or key public social services. This paper complements these studies by evaluating their impact on key welfare indicators such as income or consumption. Looking at rural households living in some of the poorest districts

Javier Escobal; Carmen Ponce

2003-01-01

411

Perception of Change in Rural Communities. A Research Project in Rural Education, 1973-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of social change in American society and education were examined via an attitude survey (22 demographic questions and 73 opinion statements) administered to the entire population of 5 Northern California rural high schools (n=1,288); all English classes in 2 Sacramento schools (n=1,384); and rural adults (n=258). Structured interviews…

Johnson, Elyot W.

412

Effective Schooling in Rural Africa Report 4: Frequently Asked Questions about Effective Schooling in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges of making rural schools more effective vary with different types of rural conditions. But typically these challenges might include any of the following: teacher shortages, lack of facilities, isolation, HIV/AIDS and related social stigma, war crises and displaced populations, multigrade and shift teaching, administration of small…

World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.

413

Relational Rurals: Some Thoughts on Relating Things and Theory in Rural Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how shifts within the social sciences towards conceptualising spatiality in relational terms have unfolded in rural studies in particular ways over the past decade or so. A period in which networks, connections, flows and mobility have all established themselves as compelling conceptual frames for research, the rural has…

Heley, Jesse; Jones, Laura

2012-01-01

414

Population Trends in Rural Downstate Illinois. Rural Research Report. Volume 22, Issue 4, Fall 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural areas are undergoing a significant transition with both opportunities and challenges that will require effective management and investment strategies by all levels of government. Since 2007, the recession has magnified long-term shifts in employment and economic activity, especially in rural areas. The employment structure continues to…

Walzer, Norman; Harger, Brian L.

2011-01-01

415

The perceived value of the rural tourism stay and its effect on rural tourist behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural tourism (RT) constitutes a valuable tool for the sustainable development of rural areas. This paper explores issues of tourist motivation in RT and develops a specially tailored perceived value (PV) scale for the RT sector. Special attention is given to links between tourists’ motivations, perceived values, and the service and actions by RT providers leading to the sustainability of

Ana Isabel Polo Peña; Dolores María Frías Jamilena; Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Molina

2012-01-01

416

Rural tourism as a factor in rural community economic development for economies in transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how community resources can be mobilised to help rural communities make the transition from agrarian to diversified and sustainable economies. It discusses the concept of the Global Management Approach used by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Europe, and shows how this approach can be used to develop sustainable rural tourism, paying close

Agnes Gannon

1994-01-01

417

Modelling the rural community library : Characteristics of the Kitengesa Library in rural Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide background on how the Kitengesa Community Library in rural Uganda, which serves as both a community library and a school library, might be seen as a model for other similar libraries in developing countries. To use a case study of the library to highlight certain characteristics of rural libraries as developed by B.J. Mostert and presented

Valeda Frances Dent

2006-01-01

418

Orthopedic Surgery in Rural American Hospitals: A Survey of Rural Hospital Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural American residents prefer to receive their medical care locally. Lack of specific medical services in the local community necessitates travel to a larger center which is less favorable. This study was done to identify how rural hospitals choose to provide orthopedic surgical services to their communities. Methods: All hospitals in 5 states…

Weichel, Derek

2012-01-01

419

Research Needs in Rural Development. Report of the Southern Regional Rural Development Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated in 1974 to ascertain research needs in the Southern region, the Rural Development Task Force investigated the nature of rural development problems and needed and clientele oriented research. Current research was reviewed, priority areas were identified, and allocation of Scientific Man Years were recommended. Major problems identified…

Tyner, Fred, Comp.; And Others

420

Deregulation and the Structure of Rural Financial Markets. Rural Development Research Report Number 75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in rural financial markets as affected by bank deregulation have a potential impact on rural educational finance, specifically, financial aid programs for students and schools. Banking legislation and regulation changes have aimed to strengthen the industry and to provide consumers with more services and more choices among providers.…

Milkove, Daniel L.; Sullivan, Patrick J.

421

Rural Women's Transitions to Motherhood: Understanding Social Support in a Rural Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social support protects women from various negative consequences, yet we have little understanding of how rural women acquire and utilize social support. Using interviews of 24 women in a North Dakota community, this research sought to understand how rural women were supported as new mothers. One, familial women and partners were vital supports to…

Gjesfjeld, Christopher D.; Weaver, Addie; Schommer, Kathryn

2012-01-01

422

Rural Sociology in an International Context. Papers on the State of Rural Sociology in Selected Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published in order to further a better understanding of how work in the field of rural sociology is carried on in various places, the six papers describe pedagogical and research activities relating to the sociological concern for rural people in West Africa, Brazil, Iran, the Middle East, Japan, and India. Each paper describes the evolution of…

Fugitt, Glenn V., Ed.

423

Understanding Contexts of Family Violence in Rural, Farming Communities: Implications for Rural Women's Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on family violence in rural communities in Australia and Canada has shown that women's experience of family violence is shaped by social and cultural factors. Concern for economic security and inheritance for children, closeness and belonging, and values of family unity and traditional gender roles are factors in rural communities that…

Wendt, Sarah; Hornosty, Jennie

2010-01-01

424

Economic Growth, Rural Educational Investment and the Level and Distribution of Rural Incomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines two related questions. First, it estimates the effect of growth in the demand for skilled and unskilled labor on rural household incomes and the rural wage structure. Second, it examines the effect of growth in household incomes and in labor market returns to education on household educational investment. The…

Badiani, Reena Chandu

2010-01-01

425

Why Rural Matters 2003: The Continuing Need for Every State To Take Action on Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance and urgency of rural education to each state was assessed using seven and nine indicators, respectively. The Mid-South Delta, central Appalachia, coastal Southeast, the north Plains, and northern New England emerged as priority rural education regions. The most important urgency indicators were teacher salaries, computer use, school…

Beeson, Elizabeth; Strange, Marty

2003-01-01

426

The Changing American Countryside: Rural People and Places. Series: Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interdisciplinary collection of 26 readings in rural studies aims to address the paucity of information and absence of informed people to advise public debate about rural issues. Sections of the book examine the pastoral tradition in literature; the changing nature of the countryside; money, jobs, and space; distress and poverty; regional and…

Castle, Emery N., Ed.

427

Sex Education in Rural Schools in the United States: Impact of Rural Educators' Community Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The overall purpose of this exploratory research was to better understand rural educators' feelings about school-based sex education in order to foster better communication and collaboration between prevention researchers and rural teachers and administrators. In order to accomplish this purpose, the research question asked "How does…

Blinn-Pike, Lynn

2008-01-01

428

Wireless Broadband Communications Systems in Rural Wisconsin. Rural Research Report. Volume 19, Issue 1, Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a communications system engineering planning process that demonstrates an ability to design and deploy cost-effective broadband networks in low density rural areas. The emphasis in on innovative solutions and systems optimization because of the marginal nature of rural telecommunications infrastructure investments. Otherwise,…

Schlager, Kenneth J.

2008-01-01

429

Preventive Health Education Needs Among Rural Farm and Rural Nonfarm Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on heart disease and cancer, the study compared the preventive health education needs of farm and nonfarm rural adults. During July and August 1975, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 57 men and 161 women living in Armstrong and Butler Counties, Pennsylvania. The sample included 119 commercial farm households and 99 rural nonfarm…

Leadley, Samuel M.; And Others

430

Listening to Rural Adolescents: Views on the Rural Community and the Importance of Adult Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems facing rural areas are many faceted, but a key component to their solution is the human resource of ruraladolescents. In this study, an interpretiveanalysisof interviews focusing on perceptions of the community, family, school social dynamics, andaspects of self identity with 20 adolescents from a rural high school, is discussed within the framework of two organizingdimensions: living in a

Dalva Hedlund

1993-01-01

431

78 FR 26572 - Rural Call Completion and List of Rural Operating Carrier Numbers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...normal business hours in the FCC Reference Information Center, Portals...of long-distance telephone calls to rural customers. The Commission...2013. All pleadings are to reference WC Docket No. 13-39. In...electronic form the monthly call answer rate for rural...

2013-05-07

432

Anaerobic digestion in rural China  

SciTech Connect

The People`s Republic of China has been promoting underground, individual, anaerobic digesters to process rural organic materials. This strategy has resulted in approximately five million household anaerobic digesters installed in China today. Simple reactors provide energy and fertilizer for Chinese farms and villages. Another benefit includes improved household sanitation. Reactor design has evolved over time. In the standard modern design, effluent is removed from the reactor at the top of the water column, meaning that supernatant is collected rather than sludge. Additionally, no mixing of the system occurs when effluent is removed. In some systems, a vertical cylindrical pull-rod port is added to the base of the effluent port. Effluent is removed by moving the pull-rod - simply a wooden shaft with a metal disk on the bottom - up and down in the port. A bucket can be placed directly under the pull-rod port, simplifying effluent removal, while the movement of the wooden shaft provides some mixing in the reactor. The gas primarily is used for cooking and lighting. A digester can provide approximately 60 percent of a family`s energy needs. Effluent from the reactors is an odorless, dark colored slurry, primarily used as an agricultural fertilizer. 3 figs.

Henderson, J.P. [City of Vancouver (Canada)

1997-01-01

433

Women's health promotion in the rural church: a Canadian perspective.  

PubMed

The rural church may be an effective health resource for rural Canadian women who have compromised access to health resources. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relevance of the Christian church and faith community nurses in promoting the health of rural Canadian women in the evolving rural context. The findings from an extensive literature search reveal that religion and spirituality often influence the health beliefs, behaviors, and decisions of rural Canadian women. The church and faith community nurses may therefore be a significant health resource for rural Canadian women, although this phenomenon has been significantly understudied. PMID:21935724

Plunkett, Robyn; Leipert, Beverly D

2013-09-01

434

Una obra uruguaya en Madrid  

E-print Network

SPRING 1986 103 Una obra uruguaya en Madrid Entre el 12 y el 15 de septiembre se ofrecieron al publico madrileño en el Centro Cultural de la Villa seis representaciones de Retrato de señora, con espejo (Vida y pasión de Margarita Xirgu). Este... sido una de las alumnas predilectas de Margarita Xirgu. Esta obra, previamente montada con éxito en Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Asunción y Barcelona, en Madrid ha sido un verdadero fracaso de taquilla, probablemente en gran medida porque ha coincidido...

Blaylock, Curtis

1986-04-01

435

Telmaco Talavera Siles Presidente CNU / Rector UNA  

E-print Network

Free Trade Agreements United States, Mexico, Panama, Taiwan, Dominican Republic, Chile & European Union : Cordoba (C$22.43 x US$1 ­ 2011 average) Poverty : 50% of the total population 70% of the rural population of the Poverty Reduction Strategy · Economical growth with emphasis in the rural sector. · Investment in human

436

Quality of Diabetes Mellitus Care by Rural Primary Care Physicians  

PubMed Central

Purpose To explore the relationship between degree of rurality and glucose (hemoglobin A1c), blood pressure (BP), and lipid (LDL) control among patients with diabetes. Methods Descriptive study; 1,649 patients in 205 rural practices in the United States. Patients’ residence ZIP codes defined degree of rurality (Rural-Urban Commuting Areas codes). Outcomes were measures of acceptable control (A1c <= 9%, BP < 140/90 mmHg, LDL < 130 mg/dL) and optimal control (A1c < 7%, BP < 130/80 mmHg, LDL < 100 mg/dL). Statistical significance was set at P < .008 (Bonferroni’s correction). Findings Although the proportion of patients with reasonable A1c control worsened by increasing degree of rurality, the differences were not statistically significant (urban 90%, large rural 88%, small rural 85%, isolated rural 83%; P = .10); mean A1c values also increased by degree of rurality, although not statistically significant (urban 7.2 [SD 1.6], large rural 7.3 [SD 1.7], small rural 7.5 [SD1.8], isolated rural 7.5 [SD1.9]; P = .16). We observed no differences between degree of rural and reasonable BP or LDL control (P = .42, P = .23, respectively) or optimal A1c or BP control (P = .52, P = .65, respectively). Optimal and mean LDL values worsened as rurality increased (P = .08, P = .029, respectively). Conclusion In patients with diabetes who seek care in the rural Southern US, we observed no relationship between degree of rurality of patients’ residence and traditional measures of quality of care. Further examination of the trends and explanatory factors for relative worsening of metabolic control by increasing degree of rurality is warranted. PMID:23083082

Tonks, Stephen A.; Makwana, Sohil; Salanitro, Amanda H.; Safford, Monika M.; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Curry, William; Estrada, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

437

Disseminating Ambient Assisted Living in Rural Areas  

PubMed Central

The smart home, ambient intelligence and ambient assisted living have been intensively researched for decades. Although rural areas are an important potential market, because they represent about 80% of the territory of the EU countries and around 125 million inhabitants, there is currently a lack of applicable AAL solutions. This paper discusses the theoretical foundations of AAL in rural areas. This discussion is underlined by the achievements of the empirical field study, Casa Vecchia, which has been carried out over a four-year period in a rural area in Austria. The major goal of Casa Vecchia was to evaluate the feasibility of a specific form of AAL for rural areas: bringing AAL technology to the homes of the elderly, rather than moving seniors to special-equipped care facilities. The Casa Vecchia project thoroughly investigated the possibilities, challenges and drawbacks of AAL related to this specific approach. The findings are promising and somewhat surprising and indicate that further technical, interactional and socio-psychological research is required to make AAL in rural areas reasonable in the future. PMID:25068862

Leitner, Gerhard; Felfernig, Alexander; Fercher, Anton J.; Hitz, Martin

2014-01-01

438

Impact of the Bank's rural development lending.  

PubMed

Following the global food crisis of the early 1970s, the World Bank has placed a priority on funding agriculture and rural development projects. These projects have been funded with a view to raising the productivity of low-income groups. Projects aimed at increasing the incomes of rural poor must clearly identify the target group and be designed so that they will benefit directly. Some of these Bank-funded projects have been in the following areas: 1) irrigation; 2) fertilizer; 3) general rural development, e.g., road construction and rural electrification; 4) agricultural extension; 5) credit extension in rural areas; and 6) comprehensive projects. So far, the Bank programs seem to have exerted an influence on government development policies. Experience shows, however, that expansion of the income-employment sector is limited in scope. It is evident also that poverty-oriented programs must be longer-term than more conventional programs. Real success in this field will be measured in terms of community development and self-sufficiency. PMID:12261286

Yudelman, M

1979-09-01

439

Challenges in evaluating rural health programs.  

PubMed

Complex community-based prevention programs are being held to scientific evidence of their effectiveness and rural public health departments that implement such programs often are not equipped to evaluate them. Rural public health departments are fettered by small budgets, small staffs, and less access to evaluation experts and similar resources. Community-based health promotion programs can include complex designs that may work differently in rural areas and evaluation of rural programs can be hampered by lack of control groups and the instability of results from small populations. The University of Kentucky has entered into a contract with the state Department for Public Health to implement an internal, participatory model of evaluation. In this model, the university evaluation expert trains local public health department staff in technical skills for program evaluation and acts as mentor and technical consultant to local public health departments on an ongoing basis. Through training and site visits, this model is one approach to addressing the challenges of evaluating rural health promotion programs. PMID:12135148

Beaulieu, Joyce; Webb, John

2002-01-01

440

Disseminating ambient assisted living in rural areas.  

PubMed

The smart home, ambient intelligence and ambient assisted living have been intensively researched for decades. Although rural areas are an important potential market, because they represent about 80% of the territory of the EU countries and around 125 million inhabitants, there is currently a lack of applicable AAL solutions. This paper discusses the theoretical foundations of AAL in rural areas. This discussion is underlined by the achievements of the empirical field study, Casa Vecchia, which has been carried out over a four-year period in a rural area in Austria. The major goal of Casa Vecchia was to evaluate the feasibility of a specific form of AAL for rural areas: bringing AAL technology to the homes of the elderly, rather than moving seniors to special-equipped care facilities. The Casa Vecchia project thoroughly investigated the possibilities, challenges and drawbacks of AAL related to this specific approach. The findings are promising and somewhat surprising and indicate that further technical, interactional and socio-psychological research is required to make AAL in rural areas reasonable in the future. PMID:25068862

Leitner, Gerhard; Felfernig, Alexander; Fercher, Anton J; Hitz, Martin

2014-01-01

441

Uptake of Free HPV Vaccination among Young Women: A Comparison of Rural versus Urban Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To contrast rates of initial HPV vaccine uptake, offered at no cost, between a rural clinic, a rural community college, and an urban college clinic and to identify rural versus urban differences in uptake of free booster doses. Methods: Young rural women attending rural clinics (n = 246), young women attending a rural community college (n…

Crosby, Richard A.; Casey, Baretta R.; Vanderpool, Robin; Collins, Tom; Moore, Gregory R.

2011-01-01

442

Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in rural women of  

E-print Network

Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in rural women of Tamilnadu: implications Ramachandra University, Chennai, India Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the 13th pulmonary disease; prevalence; biomass fuel users; rural women; disease burden Received: 25 April 2011

Silver, Whendee

443

76 FR 38604 - Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Opportunity Type: Rural Business Opportunity Grants...technical assistance for business development and economic...Act of 2006 and must report information about subawards...complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Assistant Secretary...Administrator, Rural Business-Cooperative...

2011-07-01

444

Migration, rural development, poverty and food security: a comparative perspective  

E-print Network

rural underdevelopment, poverty and food insecurity in rural areas? The case studies provide mixed-funding schemes for public infrastructure and the poverty of women. halshs-00921812,version1-21Dec2013 #12;4 Table

Boyer, Edmond

445

76 FR 37307 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...02-60; FCC 11-101] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...discounted services under the rural health care program. Grandfathered providers...but play a key role in delivering health care services to surrounding...

2011-06-27

446

77 FR 42185 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...02-60; FCC 12-74] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...responsible basis for specific Rural Health Care Pilot Program participants that...connectivity and the resulting health care benefits that patients...

2012-07-18

447

Nomination Form Rural Clinician Partner's Program Alzheimer's Disease Research Center  

E-print Network

residing in rural or semi-rural areas of Missouri and surrounding States. Physicians, advanced practice nurses and physician's assistants are the primary target groups for this program. Registered nurses: ______________________________________________________________ Phone #: ___________________ Fax: __________________ E-mail: ___________________ Licensed in Missouri

448

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through their own resources...or the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management assistance...

2010-01-01

449

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through their own resources...or the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and management assistance...

2011-01-01

450

Rural Enterprises, Incorporated report of significant activities and accomplishments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ongoing activities of Rural Enterprises, Inc. are presented. The function of Rural Enterprises is to bring innovation from its rudimentary conceptual stages to useful and productive ends by means of cooperation with government, business, and educational institutions.

1985-01-01

451

MPEPU RURAL YOUTH ENCOURAGEMENT (MRYE) OUTREACH INITIATIVE 2006-2007  

E-print Network

of Pretoria, all of whom came from disadvantaged rural backgrounds and were aware of the problems of poverty, poor education and deprivation facing these learners in the rural areas. The group's mission

452

47 CFR 22.709 - Rural radiotelephone service application requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES PUBLIC MOBILE SERVICES Rural Radiotelephone Service § 22...and future demand for paging, two-way mobile and rural radiotelephone services (see § 22.719(c))....

2010-10-01

453

Training and burn care in rural India  

PubMed Central

Burn care is a huge challenge in India, having the highest female mortality globally due to flame burns. Burns can happen anywhere, but are more common in the rural region, affecting the poor. Most common cause is flame burns, the culprit being kerosene and flammable flowing garments worn by the women. The infrastructure of healthcare network is good but there is a severe resource crunch. In order to bring a positive change, there will have to be more trained personnel willing to work in the rural areas. Strategies for prevention and training of burn team are discussed along with suggestions on making the career package attractive and satisfying. This will positively translate into improved outcomes in the burns managed in the rural region and quick transfer to appropriate facility for those requiring specialised attention. PMID:21321647

Chamania, Shobha

2010-01-01

454

Education Financing of Rural Households in China.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper was to examine children's education financing alternatives among households in rural China. Data on education financing was from a household survey conducted in three poverty villages in Guizhou, China. The difference in financing education by households was verified through non-parametric testing. Findings show that private savings is dominant in financing education of children in school. Formal loans are almost absent even in the highest wealth group examined. The findings implied that the extension of financial services to children's education could motivate parents to send their children for more education, increase disposable income of rural households by reducing precautionary savings, and provide better-educated labors in rural China. PMID:20835379

Wang, Hua-Shu; Moll, Henk

2010-09-01

455

Improving collected rainwater quality in rural communities.  

PubMed

The country of Mexico is facing serious problems with water quality and supply for human use and consumption in rural communities, mainly due to topographic and isolation. In Mexico the average annual precipitation is 1,500 cubic kilometers of water, if 3% of that amount were used, 13 million Mexicans could be supplied with drinking water that they currently do not have access. Considering the limited infrastructure and management in rural communities, which do not receive services from the centralized systems of large cities, a modified pilot multi-stage filtration (MMSF) system was designed, developed, and evaluated for treating collected rainwater in three rural communities, Ajuchitlan and Villa Nicolas Zapata (Morelos State) and Xacxamayo (Puebla State). The efficiencies obtained in the treatment system were: colour and turbidity >93%. It is worth mentioning that the water obtained for human use and consumption complies with the Mexican Standard NOM-127-SSA1-1994. PMID:21977666

Garrido, S; Aviles, M; Ramirez, A; Gonzalez, A; Montellano, L; Gonzalez, B; de la Paz, J; Ramirez, R M

2011-01-01

456

Rural Economy and Land Use Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The rural landscape of England has been greatly transformed over the past few decades, and this particular research initiative based at the University of Newcastle was created in order "to investigate the social, economic, environmental and technological challenges faced by rural areas." Visitors to the site should note the main divisions, which include "Research", "Events", and "Publications/Press". For researchers and scientists, the "Publications/Press" area will be a special treat, as it features briefing papers, annual reports, and their policy series. The topics covered here are quite diverse and recent paper titles include "Eating Biodiversity: An Investigation of the Links Between Quality Food Production and Biodiversity Protection" and "The Role of Regulation in Developing Biological Alternatives to Pesticides". Policy practitioners and others working in the areas of land use planning and rural economic development will want to return to the site and check up on future developments, and it may even help those looking at comparative studies in these areas.

457

Home-based business sectors in the rural economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge calls for a monolithic rural home-based business (HBB) sector and instead propose meaningful sub-sectors of HBB that fit within contemporary rural economic development theory. This informs business support and policy objectives. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey analysis of rural microbusinesses in the North East of England compares home-based and other rural microbusinesses

Robert Newbery; Gary Bosworth

2010-01-01

458

Rural?urban differences in Austrian suicides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The answer to the question whether suicide rates are higher in urban than in rural areas may have changed over the years.\\u000a This study analyzes the longitudinal trends of rural and urban suicides in Austria from 1970 to 2005. The most recent decade,\\u000a 1995–2005 was also investigated cross-sectionally in terms of age groups, gender, suicide methods and family status.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Official

Nestor D. Kapusta; Arno Zorman; Elmar Etzersdorfer; Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger; Elisabeth Jandl-Jager; Gernot Sonneck

2008-01-01

459

Incomes of Rural Families in Northeast Texas.  

E-print Network

of these controlled enough farm resources to earn net money family incomes of considerably more than $2,000. This study is part of a research program undertaken to provide research analysis for the Rural De- velopment Program. INCOMES OF RURAL FAMILIES... good year for-farmers, the average gross sales per farm for the area amounted to only about $1,000, which ras about half the average for the State, and nTna low volume of production for that time. ip has widened in recent years because of eater...

Southern, John H.; Hendrix, W. E.

1959-01-01

460

SOLERAS: Rural/agricultural project technical overview  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Rural and Agricultural Solar Applications Projects is to enhance the quality of rural life in hot, arid climates by providing systems that use renewable or regenerable energy sources for domestic or communal, agricultural, and local industrial applications. These systems must provide domestic services such as hot water, heat for cooking, and electric power for lighting, communications, and refrigeration. In addition, agricultural applications such as water desalination, irrigation pumping, and heat and electricity for crop or food processing and local industrial functions, can become the basis for improving the villagers' standard of living. 29 refs., 82 figs., 23 tabs.

Huraib, F.S.; Adcock, J.P.; Knect, R.D.

1987-04-01

461

Better rural churches through architectural planning  

E-print Network

? that aD of ths activities should bs held in one building? a ~r of successful rural ohurclxxe have eevexai buildings to eerxe their needs? There Isight be a builxLLng for ths eanctuaxp or ylace of xsxrahiy? a eeyarats Sundays soho building or lying? a... religious and social plennings refers to that whish is being deme to reritalise the rural ohuroh by the different ohureh dsxwssixwxtione~ irohiteotunQ. plan- ning would inoluds nc4 only p', hxnning for ~ worship servioee? Sunday sohool traiaixg periodsx...

Robinson, K. Frank

2012-06-07

462

Rural telemedicine project in northern New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

A virtual electronic medical record system is being deployed over the Internet with security in northern New Mexico using TeleMed, a multimedia medical records management system that uses CORBA-based client-server technology and distributed database architecture. The goal of the NNM Rural Telemedicine Project is to implement TeleMed into fifteen rural clinics and two hospitals within a 25,000 square mile area of northern New Mexico. Evaluation of the project consists of three components: job task analysis, audit of immunized children, and time motion studies. Preliminary results of the evaluation components are presented.

Zink, S.; Hahn, H.; Rudnick, J.; Snell, J.; Forslund, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Martinez, P. [Northern New Mexico Community Coll., Espanola, NM (United States)

1998-12-31

463

Retaining registered nurses in rural community hospitals.  

PubMed

In rural practice settings where the task of recruiting new employees is exceedingly difficult, the first step in surviving the nursing shortage should begin with maintaining existing resources. Based on a survey of 2,488 staff registered nurses working in rural community hospitals, the authors compare personal, demographic, and practice characteristics of nurses by their self-reported intentions to stay in their present positions. Specific areas of job dissatisfaction that best distinguish those who anticipate leaving in 1 year from those committed to remaining in their present job for 5 years or more are identified. PMID:8473927

Muus, K J; Stratton, T D; Dunkin, J W; Juhl, N

1993-03-01

464

Gendered production and consumption in rural Africa  

PubMed Central

Recent research underscores the continued importance of gender in rural Africa. Analysis of interactions within households is becoming more sophisticated and continues to reject the unitary model. There is some evidence of discriminatory treatment of girls relative to boys, although the magnitudes of differential investments in health and schooling are not large and choices seem quite responsive to changes in opportunity costs. Social norms proscribing and prescribing male and female economic behavior remain substantial, extending into many domains, especially land tenure. Gender constructions are constantly evolving, although there is little evidence of rapid, transformative change in rural areas.

Kevane, Michael

2012-01-01

465

Rural entrepreneurship in Europe : A research framework and agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work provides an integrated view of rural entrepreneurship and sets the agenda for future research in the area. Rurality defines a territorially specific entrepreneurial milieu with distinct physical, social and economic characteristics. Location, natural resources and the landscape, social capital, rural governance, business and social networks, as well as information and communication technologies, exert dynamic and complex influences

Sophia Stathopoulou; Demetrios Psaltopoulos; Dimitris Skuras

2004-01-01

466

Household perspectives on school attendance in rural Tibet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores household perspectives on school access at the village level in rural Tibet. Data from two rural areas are compared. This paper argues that despite abolition of all school fees, the use of Tibetan as a medium of instruction, the provision of boarding schools, and other incentives, dropout rates in rural areas remain high. This is largely due

Gerard Postiglione; Ben Jiao; Sonam Gyatso

2006-01-01

467

Household Perspectives on School Attendance in Rural Tibet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores household perspectives on school access at the village level in rural Tibet. Data from two rural areas are compared. This paper argues that despite abolition of all school fees, the use of Tibetan as a medium of instruction, the provision of boarding schools, and other incentives, dropout rates in rural areas remain high. This…

Postiglione, Gerard; Jiao, Ben; Gyatso, Sonam

2006-01-01

468

Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services Among Rural Minorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of current conditions and prospects for increased access to mental health and substance abuse services among rural minorities. First, it addresses challenges in ensuring rural minorities access to needed services. Second, it considers steps to increase rural minority participation in the mental health and…

Gamm, Larry D.

2004-01-01

469

Off to a Poor Start: Infant Health in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyses infant health data from the 332 poorest rural U.S. counties for the period 1975-1985. The study updates and expands a report released in 1986. The data show that, until 1980, rates of infant mortality and low birthweights (LBW) improved significantly, especially in rural areas. The trend toward better prenatal care in rural

Shotland, Jeffrey; Loonin, Deanne

470

Wage Determination in Rural Russia: A Stochastic Frontier Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines wages in rural Russia after the first decade of economic transition using data from a nationally representative household survey. The stochastic frontier analysis reveals that Russia's rural labour markets place high value on human capital. The overall level of rural wages, however, is very low, with the median wage 10% below the official subsistence level. The gender

Constantin Ogloblin; Gregory Brock

2006-01-01

471

Marriage and Suicide among Chinese Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicides by young females in rural China contribute substantially to the high rate of suicide and the total number of suicides in China. Given the traditional familial structure that remains largely intact in rural China, this research focuses on whether being married is a risk or protective factor for suicide by young women. I examined 168 rural

Zhang, Jie

2010-01-01

472

Rural Areas Attract Young Families and College Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1995 through 1997, the rural population increased, especially in the South and West, due to net migration from urban areas. The largest rural gains were among people ages 26 to 30, including many young families. College graduates were well represented among rural in-migrants. Includes migration data by age group, educational attainment,…

Nord, Mark; Cromartie, John

1999-01-01

473

Rural Practice: Getting In, Keeping Up, Getting Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document's major portion addresses aspects of rural social work practice from importance of the worker's first actions to knowing when and how to leave successfully. Beginning with "What is your Rural IQ?" and some definitions of rurality, all subsequent sections conclude with "Some Exercises and Mental Challenges" and a reading list. Emphasis…

Tarleau, Alison, T.; Horner, Bill

474

Community Problem Solving and Small/Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because demographic and social changes in rural communities also affect small and rural school environments, schools must consider the impact of community change and plan accordingly. Rural school administrators, who are visible and respected, know how to work with groups, and understand the local community, are well qualified to provide their…

DeFoe, Bettye Haller

475

Rural Philosophy for Education: Wendell Berry's Tradition. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ERIC Digest reviews past and present rural educational philosophy, focusing on the views of Wendell Berry, a Kentucky farmer and novelist who in recent years has emerged as a leading American philosopher. The major difference underlying rural and urban living is the relationship of people with nature. Rural living is much more closely related…

Theobald, Paul

476

External Culture: Its Impact on Rural Community College Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External culture acts as a powerful force on rural community colleges and the presidents that lead them. This article is concerned with external culture and its impact on a rural community college president. Interviews with 15 senior leaders explored the typical mindsets and values existing in a rural setting. Findings indicate that to improve the…

Leist, Jay

2007-01-01

477

Women, Work and Household Electrification in Rural India  

E-print Network

v Women, Work and Household Electrification in Rural India We must not believe, certainly electrification in rural India, the answer, it seems, would clearly point in a particular direction. On the one their chores. In addition, the principal end-use of energy in rural India is cook- r i 1 i i~ t \\, Women

Kammen, Daniel M.

478

The Rural School and Community Trust Annual Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Rural School and Community Trust is to enlarge student learning and improve community life by strengthening relationships between rural schools and communities and engaging students in community-based public work. Following a message from the president, a section on the Rural Trust's capacity building program presents the six…

Rural School and Community Trust, Washington, DC.

479

Southern Rural Development Center Year in Review, 1998-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Southern Rural Development Center (SRDC) is one of four regional rural development centers in the nation. SRDC coordinates rural development research and extension education programs cooperatively with the 29 land-grant institutions in 13 Southern states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. This annual report outlines activities undertaken by…

Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.

480

Leadership for Rural Schools: Lessons for All Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools present unique challenges for school administrators, challenges that require knowledge of various skills in a range of disciplines. This book touches nearly every aspect of rural school leadership. It aims to help educational leaders in small or rural schools better understand their role, and to help all educators learn elements of…

Chalker, Donald M., Ed.

481

Contrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change  

E-print Network

night-time urban heat island. The urban-rural contrast in heat stress is most pronounced at nightContrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change E. M. Fischer,1 K. W. Oleson,2 to explore the urban-rural contrast in the wet-bulb globe temperature, a heat stress index accounting

Fischlin, Andreas

482

The Rural Low-Income Student and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed at this conference concerned with education for the rural poor were: (1) "The Community College and the Rural Poor," (2) "The Rural Low Income Student--What a Small College Can Do to Get Them Into School and Keep Them There," (3) "The New Iron Ore Industry Worker Needs New Schools and New Programs to Keep Marketable," (4) "The…

Morgan, Don A., Ed.

483

The Ghanaian Rural Youth: Human Resource or Human Burden.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defining rural youth as the 14-25 age group (literate or illiterate and employed or unemployed) and as residents of localities with less than 5,000 people, this paper addresses Ghanaian rural youth and its relationship to: the total population; youth policy and organizations; rural-urban differences; and societal improvements. Major points of…

Brown, C. K.

484

Making Room for Place-Based Knowledge in Rural Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many rural schools the view outside the classroom window is one of scenic fields, pasture lands, or forests nestled at the base of mountains. Despite the proximity of rural schools to both agricultural land and the natural world, what little connection to place that may have existed in rural schools' curricula has been disappearing as schools…

Shamah, Devora; MacTavish, Katherine A.

2009-01-01

485

Grocery Store Politics: Leading the Rural Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America is characterized by decreasing populations, increasing poverty, limited economic growth, and limited access to cultural events. The context of the rural environment makes leading colleges in these locations different than in larger, more urban regions. The research reported here investigated the experience of rural community college…

Eddy, Pamela

2007-01-01

486

Will the Retiring Baby Boomers Return to Rural Periphery?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality,…

Jauhiainen, Jussi S.

2009-01-01

487

RURAL LANDSCAPE VALUATION IN A CROSS-BOARDER REGION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rural landscape is one of the most valuable agricultural externalities and it is often affected by modifications in the agricultural production process. Moreover, some rural areas are deteriorating because of the depopulation process and others are being transformed owing to socio-economic pressures. Since the European Conference on Rural Development hosted in Cork in 1996, efforts have been made in

488

Communication and Rural Developments in Communist China Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural mainland China has undergone dramatic changes since the establishment of the People's Republic in 1949. The collectivization of agriculture basically altered the rural arrangement of conventional China. Using a series of mass media campaigns, Mao Tse-Tung to some extent transformed the traditional rural social system to what he envisioned as…

Koo, Charles, M.

489

A Bibliography of Rural Development: Listings by Topic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 776 journal articles pertaining to rural development are cited. Entries are arranged by topic: agriculture, area development, community, economic development, environmental improvement, facilities and services, human resource development, leadership, organization, rural development, rural-urban relationships, and social action. Some articles…

Parker, Carrie G.; And Others

490

Strategies for Improving Patient Safety in Small Rural Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration Project sought to improve patient safety in small rural facilities by strengthening their capacity to implement priority patient safety interventions. The project focused on interventions relevant to the core services and capacities of rural hospitals and was sensitive to their structure and processes. A process for assessing the status of hospital patient safety

Judith Tupper; Andrew Coburn; Stephenie Loux; Ira Moscovice; Jill Klingner; Mary Wakefield

491

Community and self: Concepts for rural physician integration and retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low physician availability in rural areas of the United States is a long-standing issue. While most research has focused upon the locational decisions of physicians to understand the causes of the problem, a relatively new and neglected research focus is the retention of rural physicians. This paper takes the perspective that integration of physicians within rural communities is the basis

Malcolm P. Cutchin

1997-01-01

492

Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities  

E-print Network

1 Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities Caridad Araujo , Alain-farm non-agricultural (OFNA) employment offers a major pathway from poverty for rural populations. However and informal OFNA employment using village census data for rural Mexico. We test and reject the possibility

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

493

Does Core Area Theory Apply to STIs in Rural Environments?  

PubMed Central

Background Our objective was to determine the extent to which geographical core areas for gonorrhea and syphilis are located in rural areas, as compared to urban areas. Methods Incident gonorrhea (January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2010) and syphilis (January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2010) rates were estimated and mapped by census tract and quarter. Rurality was measured using percent rural and rural-urban commuting area (RUCA; rural, small town, micropolitan, or urban). SaTScan was used to identify spatiotemporal clusters of significantly elevated rates of infection. Clusters lasting five years or longer were considered core areas; clusters of shorter duration were considered outbreaks. Clusters were overlaid on maps of rurality and qualitatively assessed for correlation. Results Twenty gonorrhea core areas were identified; 65% in urban centers, 25% in micropolitan areas, and the remaining 10% were geographically large capturing combinations of urban, micropolitan, small town and rural environments. Ten syphilis core areas were identified with 80% in urban centers and 20% capturing two or more RUCAs. All ten of the syphilis core areas (100%) overlapped with gonorrhea core areas. Conclusions Gonorrhea and syphilis rates were high for rural parts of North Carolina; however, no core areas were identified exclusively for small towns or rural areas. The main pathway of rural STI transmission may be through the interconnectedness of urban, micropolitan, small town and rural areas. Directly addressing STIs in urban and micropolitan communities may also indirectly help address STI rates in rural and small town communities. PMID:23254115

Gesink, Dionne C; Sullivan, Ashleigh B; Norwood, Todd; Serre, Marc L; Miller, William C

2012-01-01

494

Rural Library Issues: Three Veteran Administrators Speak Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents transcript of interviews with three administrators of small rural libraries. Highlights include state and national encouragement of marketing efforts; funding for in-service education for rural public librarians; changing roles of rural public libraries; library standards; and advice for newly appointed directors. (LRW)

Torgeson, Paula

1991-01-01

495

Rural School Psychology: Re-Opening the Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of school psychology in rural areas is a topic that has been fairly absent from the literature since the 1980s. A needs assessment of school psychologists practicing in rural counties in a midwestern state was conducted to explore current issues for rural school psychologists. The response rate for usable surveys was 72% (N = 106).…

Clopton, Kerri L.; Knesting, Kimberly

2006-01-01

496

Perspectives of "Health" in the Rural Context. Keynote Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the broad definition of health in the rural context and relates it to policy, practice, and pedagogical challenges in providing access to services in rural areas. Historically, policy, practice, and teaching institutions have supported a dependency model for health service delivery, forcing rural communities to rely on…

Alfero, Charles

497

How rural children in China consume media & advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study investigates household access to traditional and new media, media exposure, time spent on media and other activities, and attention to advertising among rural children in mainland China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of 1,008 rural children ages six to 13 in four Chinese rural provinces was conducted in March 2003. Questionnaires were distributed through elementary schools. The

Kara Chan; James McNeal

2006-01-01

498

RuRal alaska Six-week summer  

E-print Network

RuRal alaska HonoRs InstItute Six-week summer college preparatory program for rural and Alaska Native college bound high school juniors and seniors May 27 - July 11, 2014 University of Alaska Fairbanks RAHI is funded by the College of Rural and Community Development , University of Alaska Fairbanks

Ickert-Bond, Steffi

499

Rural Women and Osteoporosis: Awareness and Educational Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Little is known about rural women's knowledge about osteoporosis. Purpose: To explore what women from high-prevalence rural communities know about osteoporosis and to assess their learning preferences. Methods: We surveyed 437 women in rural Washington and Oregon. Findings: The response rate was 93% (N = 406). The mean age of respondents…

Matthews, Hollie L.; Laya, Mary; DeWitt, Dawn E.

2006-01-01

500

Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality  

E-print Network

Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality Ximing Wu,* Jeffrey M. Perloff and transfer programs on the evolution of income inequality for rural and urban areas by state from 1981. #12;Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality Although income inequality has

Perloff, Jeffrey M.