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1

EL TURISMO RURAL: UNA DE LAS ALTERNATIVAS AL DESARROLLO RURAL EN LA SERRANÍA DE CUENCA  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Rural tourism has turned in the last years into the engine that generates additional reve- nues to the obtained ones in the primary sector. It is the way in order that the Serranía of Cuenca goes out of its stagnation and joins to the progress, but only that, a possible way. The tourism never has to be, of exclusive

Ana Eulalia; Aparicio Guerrero

2004-01-01

2

Asignación de ayudas públicas mediante ELECTRE-TRI. Una apliación al turismo rural en Galicia\\/Methodology for the Distribution of Public Aids: a Application for the Rural Tourism in Galicia  

Microsoft Academic Search

El turismo rural ha tenido un desarrollo muy importante en los últimos ańos en Espańa, el cual ha estado impulsado en cierta medida por las ayudas concedidas por las distintas administraciones. En este trabajo se aplica el método de superación ELECTRE-TRI al reparto de ayudas públicas relativas a proyectos de turismo rural presentados en Galicia en el ańo 2001. Los

FIDEL MARTÍNEZ ROGET; XOSÉ ANTÓN RODRÍGUEZ GONZÁLEZ

2005-01-01

3

La Implementacion de la Tecnologia en el Salon de Clases: Una guia para los que toman decisiones en las escuelas rurales (Putting Technology into the Classroom: A Guide for Rural Decision Makers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended for superintendents and central office staff in small, rural school districts who are considering ways of using technology in the classroom. It provides information about why technology is worth the trouble and what it can accomplish, lays out the basic issues and tasks involved in integrating technology into classroom…

Boethel, Martha; Dimock, K. Victoria; Hatch, Lin; Adams, Sharon, Ed.; Heath, Marilyn, Ed.

4

Características psicométricas de la Escala Center for Epidemiological Studies-depression (CES-D), versiones de 20 y 10 reactivos, en mujeres de una zona rural mexicana  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Depressive symptoms constitute a common mental health problem, with a relevant social and personal impact. These symptoms are present not only among the urban population in more economically developed countries, but also in rural areas in poor and middle development countries. In order to obtain reliable information on the frequency of depressive symptoms, their risk factors or the impact

Ietza Bojorquez Chapela; Nelly Salgado de Snyder

5

Preconceptos sobre el odontólogo y la consulta odontológica por parte de nińos de séptimo grado en una institución rural en el estado Trujillo, Venezuela  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN El rol del odontólogo en la prevención, educación y cuidados para la rehabilitación del sistema estoma- tognático es de notable importancia para la salud del individuo. Sin embargo, no existe una adecuada difu- sión sobre el rol del odontólogo. Por lo tanto, es de esperar que existan preconceptos erróneos en los nińos acerca de este profesional y sus funciones,

TRABAJO DE INVESTIGACIÓN

6

Rural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative  

E-print Network

........................................................................................................................14 ENGAGING LATINO LEADERS IN RURAL COMMUNITIES ..........................................................................................14 ENGAGING YOUTH IN RURAL COMMUNITIESRural Studies Program Sustainable Rural Communities Initiative Image provided courtesy of Oregon

Tullos, Desiree

7

Rural Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "special focus" journal issue consists of 13 individual articles on the theme of rural family programs relating to school, health services, church, and other institutions. It includes: (1) "Towards a Rural Family Policy" (Judith K. Chynoweth and Michael D. Campbell); (2) "Montana: Council for Families Collaborates for Prevention (Jean…

Goetz, Kathy, Ed.

1992-01-01

8

Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)  

SciTech Connect

Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

1999-07-28

9

Teaching in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Published in 1917, this book overviews rural schooling during the early 1900s and was written to address the problems of rural teaching and to serve as an introductory guide for rural teachers. Specifically, the book aimed to bring attention to the needs of rural life and the possible contributions of the rural school, to describe effective…

Woofter, Thomas Jackson

10

Rural Prairie Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Rural Prairie Women" contains the work of two task forces: the Rural Social Work Task Force which looked at the forces active in North Dakota rural areas and the Rural Women Task Force which examined the position of women within those same rural communities. The relationship between the land, small towns, and sparse population is explored, as is…

Conrad, Kari

11

Rural Health Association  

E-print Network

Montana Rural Health Association Phone: 406-994-6004 Fax: 406-994-5653 E-mail: MRHA 170520 Bozeman, Montana 59717-0520 Montana Rural Health Association Membershipdesignation.Membershipisrenewedonan annualbasis.PleasemakecheckspayabletoMontanaRuralHealth

Maxwell, Bruce D.

12

Rural Assistance Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Enhancement Program Sponsor: HRSA Bureau of Health Workforce Rural-Urban Differences in Continuity of Care among Medicare Beneficiaries Source: NC Rural Health Research Program Rural Affordable Care Act Outreach ...

13

Rural Youths' Images of the Rural  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the cultural turn within the social sciences, recent debates on how to conceptualise "the rural" have focused on "rurality" as a phenomenon produced by processes of social construction. This paper presents an empirical account of the outcome of these social construction processes through an analysis of how teenagers in a remote rural

Rye, Johan Fredrik

2006-01-01

14

Rural-Urban Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication combines three papers on rural and urban youth issues. "Key Issues Facing Rural Youth" (Daniel F. Perkins) notes that rural adolescents share the same concerns and exhibit the same problem behaviors as their urban counterparts. But in addition, geographic isolation presents problems unique to rural areas. A framework is proposed…

Perkins, Daniel F.; LaGreca, Anthony J.; Mullis, Ronald L.

15

Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development  

E-print Network

Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development Publication Record Johanna Geography, Lund University (2005, August). 1 #12;Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural

16

Demographics and the Rural Ethos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the meaning of "rural" and identifies 31 states having a significant rural character. Discusses certain generalizations about rural America. Provides a demographic analysis with school finance implications. Draws implications for rural school finance policy. (Contains 3 tables.)(PKP)

Ward, James G.

2003-01-01

17

Rural Policies for the 1990s. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by some of the foremost experts on rural America, this book focuses on policy-relevant research on the problems of rural areas. In each chapter, rural policy needs are identified by examining the flow of events and rural sociology of the 1980s. Chapters are: (1) "Critical Times for Rural America: The Challenge for Rural Policy in the…

Flora, Cornelia B., Ed.; Christenson, James A., Ed.

18

Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development  

E-print Network

Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development Curriculum Vitae Johanna 2013.11 ­ present Postdoctoral Fellow. Division of Rural Development, Dept. of Urban and Rural of the research conducted by NAI. 1 #12;Department of Urban and Rural Development Division of Rural Development

19

What Is Rural?  

MedlinePLUS

... territory and populations." 3. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Services Rural Classification Page: http://www.ers. ... that Define Rural 1. U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service for research and policy. The Atlas ...

20

Rural Population and Migration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rural Development Briefing Room is new to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) site (described in the July 2, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics). Easy access to non-metropolitan information is available including Rural-Urban Continuum Codes, Urban Influence Codes, Typology Codes, links to Rural Development Perspectives and Rural Conditions and Trends, and metro-nonmetro labor market indicators. A collection of country courthouse photos by Calvin Beale completes the site.

1998-01-01

21

Rural Education Issues: Rural Administrators Speak Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the issues that most affect Minnesota's rural public school administrators as they attempt to fulfill the mandates required from state legislation and communities. A second purpose was to identify exemplary practices valued by individual Minnesota rural schools and districts. Electronic surveys were sent…

Williams, Julia; Nierengarten, Gerry

2010-01-01

22

Rural Research Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following rural sociological research needs were identified: (1) acceptance of general sociological theory and methodology for use in "Rural" research; (2) recognition of bench marks and probable base lines in rural sociological research; (3) collection of widely scattered reports for examination and perhaps respecification; (4) establishment…

Jones, Lewis W.

23

Rethinking the Rural Practicum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores and evaluates a rural practicum experience for pre-service Master of Arts in Teaching students. Using questionnaires, journal analysis, and interviews we share the experience from pre-service teachers' point of view. We learn about their attitudes about rural schools and rural school students. We asked, "does the experience…

Jones, Anne

2011-01-01

24

[Rural School Administrator's Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains resources on five topics relevant to rural school administrators. "Assessing Parent Involvement: A Checklist for Rural Schools": discusses educator beliefs that support successful parent engagement programs, challenges and advantages of rural schools attempting to involve parents and community, and aspects of successful…

AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.

25

Pockets of Rural Prosperity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's rural areas are often characterized as having lower incomes and lower housing values than urban areas. This characterization is not universally accurate, however, since there are some impressive pockets of wealth within rural Pennsylvania. To highlight the diversity of wealth among Pennsylvania's rural municipalities, the Center for…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, 2004

2004-01-01

26

The Rural Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the views of the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges' Task Force on Rural Community Colleges in the areas of equal opportunity for the small, rural college, financing, accreditation, federal and state constraints, and the lack of literature and research relating to rural community colleges. A bibliography is included.…

Vineyard, Edwin E.

1979-01-01

27

Rural deprivation: reflecting reality.  

PubMed Central

In the United Kingdom (UK) there is currently an upsurge of interest in rural affairs. This brings the potential to address some of the gaps in rural health care research. The appropriate description and measurement of rural deprivation is one area consistently identified by UK rural practitioners and policymakers as urgently requiring evidence. Appropriate identification and measurement of deprivation within a rural context is important so that primary care resources can be targeted at those with greatest need. It is believed that current measures of deprivation are inappropriate for rural settings, but relationships between life circumstances and health are only beginning to be addressed by empirical research. In this paper we propose an approach to researching rural deprivation. It is important to be clear about definitions of rurality and deprivation and about the purpose of measurement. The requirement to test a range of indicators for their association with health status and health care need in rural areas and to gather more locally relevant data within primary care settings is highlighted. The relevance, for primary care, of exploring rural deprivation is suggested, along with ideas about a way forward in generating knowledge that can help to characterise and measure rural deprivation in a more sensitive manner. PMID:11407056

Farmer, J C; Baird, A G; Iversen, L

2001-01-01

28

Joining Rural Development Theory and Rural Education Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Karl N. Stauber proposes three goals for rural development policy: helping the rural middle class survive, reducing concentrated rural poverty, and sustaining and improving the quality of the natural environment. In contrast to other visions, he advises policy that focuses on rural places rather than rural economic sectors such as agriculture,…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape

29

Rural poverty in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

While rural poverty in Latin America has declined over the last three decades, success has been uneven across countries and rural poverty remains huge. Reduction in the number of rural relative to urban poor has been mainly the outcome of migration, not of successful rural development. We show that rural incomes are explained by the asset position of households and

Alain de Janvry; Elisabeth Sadoulet

2000-01-01

30

Rural Policy Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past several decades, a number of policy institutes and think-tanks have been formed to open a substantial dialogue about issues affecting rural communities. The Rural Policy Research Institute is one of these organizations, and involves scientists and policy analysts from Iowa State University, the University of Missouri, the University of Nebraska and other affiliated institutions. The Web site is divided into a number of sections, including a publications area, a section that contains editorials written by Institute fellows and staff members, and an area dedicated to providing information about helpful resources such as basic statistics about rural America. On the left side of the home page, visitors can also browse the Web pages of the Institute's affiliated centers such as the Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis and the Rural Poverty Research Center. Finally, users can elect to sign up for an electronic newsletter that will update them about upcoming events, conferences, and publications related to rural policy issues.

31

USDA Rural Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA Rural Development agency is committed "to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America". Its various financial programs and loans support the development and realization of such public facilities as water and sewer systems and also aid in various economic development initiatives aimed at improving conditions in rural settings across the country. On the site visitors can view the latest news from the agency along with reading about various grant and loan programs, such as water and waste disposal improvement programs. Thematically, the site is divided into areas such as community development, cooperatives, and utilities. Rural officials and policy specialists will find much to look over in the publications section, such as rural development factsheets, and equally importantly, the archives of the Rural Cooperatives Magazine, which is published six times a year.

32

Rural Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue of the journal Exceptional Children has the theme "Rural Special Education." Nine articles deal with this theme as follows: (1) "The State of the Art of Rural Special Education" (by D. Helge), looks at recent improvements, remaining challenges, and current functioning; policy recommendations are offered for national and state…

Helge, Doris, Ed.

1984-01-01

33

Rural Development Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book seeks to provide a basis for reexamining rural development policy by presenting comprehensive and current information on the effectiveness of various rural policy approaches. An introduction that defines development terminology and discusses changing policy needs is followed by 13 chapters that represent the best recent research…

Sears, David W., Ed.; Reid, J. Norman, Ed.

34

Rural Poverty in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of 13 essays discussing rural poverty in the United States, including historical and current conditions of rural poverty, underlying the social, economic, and political factors, and policy implications. The book is organized into three parts. Part 1 consists of four essays that provide a comprehensive description of the poverty…

Duncan, Cynthia M., Ed.

35

Rural Mathematics Educator, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the two issues of "Rural Mathematics Educator" published in 2002. This newsletter of the Appalachian Collaborative Center for Learning, Assessment, and Instruction in Mathematics (ACCLAIM) includes articles on rural mathematics education, as well as information and descriptions of professional development opportunities for…

Rural Mathematics Educator, 2002

2002-01-01

36

Measuring Rural Hospital Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are sensitive…

Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

2004-01-01

37

Ad Hoc Rural Regionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or…

Hamin, Elisabeth M.; Marcucci, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

38

National Rural Education Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1907, the National Rural Education Association is an organization designed to provide educational and administrative support to rural schools throughout the United States. Located at the University of Oklahoma, the Association's Web site provides information about their activities, including a list of mini-grants, teaching awards, and a yearly calendar that will be of great help to persons working in rural education settings. The site also contains the organization's bylaws, general objectives, and a listing of standing committees and executive directors. Other resources on the site include a listing of national education laboratories and other links to national educational research and policy groups and institutions. Lastly, the site contains full-text editions of two of the Association's publications, "Rural Education News" and "Rural Educator."

1997-01-01

39

żELECTRIFICACIÓN O ENERGIZACIÓN? MEDIANTE ENERGÍAS ALTERNATIVAS EN ZONAS RURALES 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN . Pasó más de una década del inicio de proyectos of iciales, relacionados básicamente con el suministro de energía eléctrica para zonas rurales en Argentina. El Gobierno Nacional, los Provinciales, ONGs e incl usive algunas empresas particulares, realizaron en los últimos ve inticinco ańos (para ciertos casos) diversos intent os poniendo en funcionamiento proyectos demostrativos, sistemas concesionados, o bien

Carlos Cadena; Facultad de Ciencias Exactas

2006-01-01

40

Efecto desestacionalizador del turismo rural en las regiones espańolas  

Microsoft Academic Search

La estacionalidad turística es una materia de estudio muy relevante para los responsables de las organizaciones y destinos turísticos. En el presente trabajo pretendemos analizar la estacionalidad en el turismo rural en Espańa y, especialmente, en las Comunidades Autónomas. Trata- mos de comprobar los indicadores estacionales tanto desde el lado de la demanda como de la oferta turística, utilizando distintas

Jesús Manuel López Bonilla; Luis Miguel; López Bonilla

41

Rural tourism in Southern Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review reveals a multitude of different ideas as to what constitutes rural tourism. A model is suggested that places farm, rural, and non-urban tourism into context. Based on a survey of rural operators and tourists in Southern Germany, several aspects of rural tourism are discussed. The main market segments are families with children and older couples, and their

Martin Oppermann

1996-01-01

42

The Rural Outreach Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Rural Outreach Project was designed to increase the diversity of NASA's workforce by: 1) Conducting educational research designed to investigate the most effective strategies for expanding innovative, NASA-sponsored pre-college programs into rural areas; 2) Field-testing identified rural intervention strategies; 3) Implementing expanded NASA educational programs to include 300 rural students who are disabled, female and/or minority; and 4) Disseminating project strategies. The Project was a partnership that included NASA Langley Research Center's Office of Education, Norfolk State University, Cooperative Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering (CHROME) and Paul D. Camp Community College. There were four goals and activities identified for this project; 1) Ascertain effective strategies for expanding successful NASA-sponsored urban-based, pre-college programs into rural settings; 2) Field test identified rural intervention strategies; 3) Publish or disseminate two reports, concerning project research and activities at a national conference; 4) Provide educational outreach to 300, previously underserved, rural students who are disabled, female and /or minority.

Coleman, Clarence D.

2000-01-01

43

Rural pharmacy closures: implications for rural communities.  

PubMed

Retail pharmacies provide essential services to residents of rural areas and serve many communities as the sole provider of pharmacist services. Losing the only retail pharmacy within a rural community (census designated city), and within a 10 mile radius based on driving distance ("sole community pharmacy"), may affect access to prescription and over-the-counter drugs and, in some cases, leave the community without proximate access to any clinical provider. This policy brief documents the closure of local retail pharmacies in which the pharmacist was the only clinical provider available in the community at the time the pharmacy closed. Characteristics of the community and the retail pharmacy are described. The findings may suggest future policy actions to minimize the risk or mitigate the negative consequences of pharmacy closures. Key Findings. (1) Between May 1, 2006, and October 31, 2010, 119 sole community pharmacies closed. (2) Of those 119 pharmacies, 31 were located in rural communities with no other health professionals or clinical providers. (3) In 16 states, at least 1 community lost a sole community retail pharmacy, and there was no other pharmacy within 10 miles (actual driving distance). (4) Of the 31 pharmacy closures in communities with no other providers, 17% were located in remote rural areas designated with a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) score of 10 or higher. Such a score means that, on average, 60 minutes of travel time is required to reach an urbanized area, and 40 minutes is required to reach a large urban cluster of 20,000 population or more. PMID:25399456

Todd, Kelli; Ullrich, Fred; Mueller, Keith

2013-01-01

44

Rural health's demographic destiny.  

PubMed

Demography is the study of the size and composition of populations. Populations change size through births, deaths and net-migration. Over time, mortality, fertility and migration patterns create populations that may be large or small, young or old, growing or declining. Rural and remote Australia has a unique demography that determines its health problems and health service needs. The tendency of young adults to leave rural and remote areas for cities means that they leave behind communities which are, on average, older than those found in the cities. Rural and remote women have slightly more children at significantly younger ages, but because of out-migration, the actual number of babies born outside of the cities is smaller than would be expected. Most rural and remote areas already have a high proportion of their population over 65 years old. Many communities with an older population are declining in absolute numbers but the need for health services may be greater than required for smaller, younger communities. In contrast to the trends in total population, the rural and remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is growing rapidly. This is the result of a higher proportion of young people, higher fertility rates and lower rates of moving to cities. The health characteristics of rural and remote Australia increasingly reflects the higher morbidity of Indigenous and older people. Responding to this demographic destiny is the present and future challenge. PMID:16623618

Larson, Ann

2006-01-01

45

Family Medicine in Rural Communities  

PubMed Central

Recruitment of physicians for rural communities is a continuing problem in Canada. Medical schools can be involved through preferential admission policies. Departments of family medicine across the country are including on-site training in rural communities and are seeking to improve their rural program curriculum. The McGill rural program is described from its origins to its present state. A rural coordinator oversees 12 sites at which both residents and students are trained. One site at Shawville, Que, is described from a rural physician's point of view. Imagesp2011-ap2012-ap2014-a PMID:21233945

Hirsh, Michael; Wootton, J.S.C.

1990-01-01

46

Bringing Rural Sociology Back In: Critical Theory and Rural Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, rural sociology has been the subject of sociological inquiries. Many of these have been highly critical, raising questions about the ontological nature of the discipline. This paper extends the tradition, providing a brief historical analysis of rural sociology's roots as both theoretical and applied and critiquing current rural

Falk, William W.; Gilbert, Jess

47

The Rural Arena: The Diversity of Protest in Rural England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 15-20 years, the rural areas of England have been used by a wide diversity of groups as the stage for their protest activities. Some have argued that this is due the rise of a rural social movement; this paper contends that rural areas have become both available and advantageous as the locale of protest through a range of interlocking…

Reed, Matt

2008-01-01

48

Rural Special Education: A Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article lists and discusses five problems in rural special education: a) low population density, b) financial constraints resulting from lower tax bases, c) rural flight, d) inability to recruit and retain quality personnel, and e) lack of future. (HMD)

Heller, Harold W.

1975-01-01

49

Bringing Rural Sociology Back In.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raises questions about current rural sociology from a critical theory perspective. Provides a brief historical analysis of its theoretical and applied roots. Suggests interweaving of research, practice, and advocacy as way to bring rural sociologists back into policy making. (LFL)

Falk, William W.; Gilbert, Jess

1985-01-01

50

Preparing Teachers for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the problems faced by teachers in rural and small schools and advances the need for inservice and preservice programs to teach special competencies necessary for teachers in rural communities. (SB)

Guenther, John; Weible, Tom

1983-01-01

51

Rural Community Assistance Corporation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1978, the Rural Community Assistance Corporation (RCAC) is dedicated â??to assisting rural communities in achieving their goals and visions by providing training, technical assistance and access to resources.â?ť Their work is primarily focused on work in the 13 Western states and for communities with populations under 50,000. The homepage is quite inviting, and allows users to peruse a list of upcoming events and support activities sponsored by the RCAC or other like-minded organizations. Persons seeking assistance or working on behalf of such communities will appreciate information from the homepage on such programs as housing, financing, and rural infrastructure development initiatives. The publications area of the site is quite strong, especially considering that visitors can study over ten newsletters here, including Alaska Anew, which details specifically with the search for finding solutions to the solid waste problem in Alaska.

52

Rural Familism: An Interregional Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing the hypothesis that at least two types of rural familism exist within different geographic regions of the United States, this study indicates that extended kin-oriented familism predominates in the rural Southeast and primary kin-oriented familism predominates in the rural Far West. (JC)

Heller, Peter L.; Quesada, Gustavo M.

1977-01-01

53

Colorado Rural Recreation Director's Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Colorado Rural Recreation Director's Project, based on a 1981 national survey identifying recreation/leisure needs of rural Americans, provided summer recreation for 11 western Colorado rural communities. Clinics in New Games, frisbee, hackisac, and tennis were given. Successful networking of resources by all involved parties produced positive…

Long, Patrick T.; Kraus, Barbara

1983-01-01

54

Purposeful Play in Rural Venezuela  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how children in rural Venezuela are trained in agricultural skills by the extended family. The highly organized training encourages play and exploration as important elements in familiarzing children with implements and methods of food production. It is suggested that rural school planners draw ideas from the rural family's educative…

Chesterfield, Ray

1977-01-01

55

Public Services in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines issues in the delivery of public services in rural areas. The importance of access to urban areas in identifying differences in rural delivery problems is emphasized. It is no longer accurate to equate "rural" with agriculture and farming, drawing a distinction between those who have easy access to an urban area and those who…

Rainey, Kenneth D.

56

Rural trauma telemedicine.  

PubMed

Telemedicine is the ability to provide remote health care to patients with the use of a consultant and 2-way interactive technology and telecommunication. Traumatic injuries occurring in rural areas frequently carry a greater risk of mortality than those same injuries occurring in the urban settings. The purpose of this article was to increase practitioner awareness of the potential for improved outcomes as a result of the use of telemedicine in rural trauma care. The use of trauma telemedicine will help decrease the overall mortality and morbidity, length of stay at the urban trauma centers, patient care cost, and transfer time. PMID:24305081

Wesson, James Bryan; Kupperschmidt, Betty

2013-01-01

57

Rural Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing affordable and comprehensive metal health services for those who need these services is a tremendous challenge for the helping professions. The demand for services across the nation exceeds the ability of the mental health community to provide them. This is especially true for rural communities. DeLeon (2000) reported that even though 25% of the citizens of the United States

DAVID L. FENELL; ALAN J. HOVESTADT

58

Rural Intelligent Transportation Systems  

E-print Network

Rural Intelligent Transportation Systems In a technical session at the 2011 NACE conference, Dennis Foderberg of SEH Inc. discussed intelligent transportation systems (ITS) developed by SEH in collaboration System--records data on vehicle behavior that can be analyzed and used as a design input. Design

Minnesota, University of

59

National Rural Health Association  

MedlinePLUS

... 2013 OIG CAH Report Health Reform and You Health Care Reform Timeline Appropriations Tracker Appropriations Tracker Medicaid News Government Affairs News State-By-State Data Policy Documents and Statements Official Policy ... Rural Health Policy Institute 2010 Policy Institute Recap 2009 Policy ...

60

Reluctant Rural Regionalists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These…

Hall, Peter V.; Stern, Pamela

2009-01-01

61

Analysis on current status of rural finance in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the current status of rural finance in China, including the status of rural finance supply and demand, rural financial credit environment, rural financial supervision, and rural financial service level. The result shows there is high fund demand in rural China due to the low rural per-capita income, lack of rural job opportunity, low rural social security level

Tan Qingmei; Ma Jiao

2010-01-01

62

Energy requirements for rural development  

SciTech Connect

This study on the role of energy in the development of rural areas was originally conducted in the spring and summer of 1985. It was intended to serve as a background paper for the preparation of a program plan for the Office of Energy of the United States Agency for International Development. As such it begins with a brief overview of how rural development fits into national development, then offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about rural development in particular and the energy implications of the various components of rural development. Agriculture naturally comes to mind when rural areas are mentioned, but industry is an important component of rural activity as well. Consequently, both agricultural and nonagricultural energy use is discussed. Modernization of rural areas will change household, as well as production, energy use. However, household energy use is a veritable subject in its own right, with a large literature. Consequently, that topic is discussed in less detail than the production energy topics.

Jones, D.W.

1988-06-01

63

Rural Hospital Networks: Implications for Rural Health Reform  

PubMed Central

This article summarizes the perspectives gained in the course of evaluating a 4-year demonstration program that supported rural hospital networks as mechanisms for improving rural health care delivery. Findings include: (1) joining a network is a popular, low-cost strategic response for rural hospitals in an uncertain environment; (2) rural hospital network survival is enhanced by the mutual resource dependence of members and the presence of a formalized management structure; (3) rural hospitals join networks primarily to improve cost efficiency but, on average, hospitals do not appear to realize short-term economic benefit from network membership; and (4) some of the benefits of these networks may be realized outside of the communities in which rural hospitals are located. PMID:10153475

Moscovice, Ira; Christianson, Jon; Johnson, Judy; Kralewski, John; Manning, Willard

1995-01-01

64

Enhancing Traditional and Innovative Rural Support Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite all the optimistic discussions of a rural renaissance and a significant population turnaround favoring growth in rural communities, rural areas are still experiencing a lack of essential services in virtually every area important to quality of life for rural residents. Included among the areas in which a need for improved rural support…

Agria, Mary A.

65

CHANGING SCHOOL NEEDS IN RURAL AREAS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AS THE RURAL ECONOMY HAS BECOME MORE AFFECTED BY AUTOMATION, RURAL SOCIETY HAS BECOME MORE INDUSTRIAL. FARM POPULATION AND THE NUMBER OF FARMS HAVE DECREASED, WHILE NON-FARM RURAL POPULATION HAS INCREASED. THE CHANGING RURAL SCENE IS REFLECTED IN CHANGES IN RURAL EDUCATION. EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES HAVE GREATLY INCREASED DUE TO SCHOOL…

RHODES, ALVIN E.

66

Center for Rural Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Vermont, the Center for Rural Studies draws on the strengths of professors, researchers, and community development experts to address the "social, economic, and resource-based problems of rural people and communities." Visitors to the site are presented with a wide range of ways to access the reports, data tables, and other such information offered here. One of the site's highlights is the Vermont Indicators Online project, which includes detailed information about the towns, villages, and counties contained within the boundaries of this free-spirited state. What is particularly nice about this project is that the data can also be browsed through a visualization tool that allows visitors to zoom in and out across the state.

2005-01-01

67

The Rural Uninsured  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Carmen Gonzales is a 63 year-old who has been sent home to her rural community of about 1,500 residents from an urban hospital\\u000a following surgery and chemotherapy for colon cancer. She has metastasis of the cancer to the liver and throughout the peritoneum.\\u000a No further treatment is being considered. She has only one daughter, a single mom who lives with

68

Services in Rural Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The need for interdisciplinary collaboration and the open exchange of information among professionals in public health, medicine,\\u000a the ministry, and various mental health and social services disciplines is clearly demonstrated when mental health issues\\u000a affecting women are viewed in the context of rurality. This is particularly true when these mental health issues are considered\\u000a in terms of the broader perspective

Pamela L. Mulder; Robert Jackson; Sarah Jarvis

69

Rural Energy Conference Project  

SciTech Connect

Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

2008-12-31

70

Southern Rural Development Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson declared war on rural poverty during their time in the White House, there has been an overriding concern with alleviating the persistently high levels of poverty in the American South. A number of organizations have developed to provide assistance to the region, and the Southern Rural Development Center (SRDC), located at Mississippi State University is one such entity. The center's mission statement reflects this sentiment, as it notes its primary directive is "to strengthen the capacity of the region's 29-land grant institutions to address critical contemporary development issues impacting the well-being of people and communities in the rural South." Visitors interested in these issues will find plenty to examine here, as they may elect to view a calendar of germane events (such as regional science conferences and the like), look over a list of their primary focus areas, learn about available funding opportunities, and download any number of policy publications and newsletters which date back to 1993.

71

Electrifying rural India  

SciTech Connect

NREL personnel team with the Indian and US governments and an Indian NGO to bring photovoltaic electricity to rural residents of the Sundarbans in India. India is the world's second most populous country, quickly approaching one billion people. Although it has a well-developed electricity grid, many residents have little or no access to electricity and the benefits associated with it. Many rural areas, for example, are isolated from the grid and will not be connected for many years, if ever. One such area is the Sundarbans located in the delta region of the two great rivers, the Ganges and Brahmaputra. The region lies partially in India and partially in Bangladesh. It is estimated that 1.5 million people live in this area, crisscrossed by many islands and rivers, who have only marginal supplies of electricity generated primarily from diesel generators and batteries. Working with the regional non-governmental organization (NGO), the Ramakrishna Mission and the West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency, the governments of India and the US initiated a rural electrification initiative in Sundarbans. The initiative was designed to demonstrate the economic and technical feasibility of photovoltaics (PV) to provide limited supplies of electricity for applications such as solar home lighting systems (SHS), water pumping, vaccine refrigeration, communications and economic development activities.

Stone, J.L.; Ullal, H.S.

1999-12-01

72

78 FR 36520 - Rural Development Voucher Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service Rural Development Voucher Program AGENCY...of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The 2013...authority and funding levels for the Rural Development Voucher program...

2013-06-18

73

78 FR 49374 - Rural Development Voucher Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service 7 CFR Part 3560 RIN 0575-AC96 Rural Development Voucher Program...and remain in such former Rural Development-financed properties...calculation method (Housing and Urban Development section 8...

2013-08-14

74

Revitalizing Rural Communities: Lessons from the Rural Community College Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MDC, Inc. is a private nonprofit whose mission is to expand opportunities, reduce poverty, and build inclusive communities in the South. The Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) is a national project that supports community colleges in distressed rural areas in moving their people and communities toward prosperity. MDC and the Ford Foundation…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

75

Duration of rural training during residency  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To determine whether rural family physicians thought they had received enough months of rural exposure during family medicine residency, how many months of rural exposure those who were satisfied with their training had had, and how many months of rural exposure those who were not satisfied with their training wanted. DESIGN Mailed survey. SETTING Rural Canada. PARTICIPANTS Rural family physicians who had graduated between 1991 and 2000 from a Canadian medical school. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Respondents’ opinions about whether their exposure to rural medicine during training had been adequate. RESULTS Response rate was 59% (382/651). After excluding physicians who had not had Canadian family medicine residency training, 348 physicians remained, and of those, 58% thought they had had adequate rural exposure during residency. Median duration of rural training among those who thought they had had enough rural exposure was 6 months; median duration of rural exposure among those who thought they had not had enough was 2 months. Median duration of rural exposure desired by those who thought they had not had enough rural training was 6 months. Some physicians wanted much more than 6 months of rural training; for example, one quarter of those satisfied with their rural training had had 10 or more months of rural rotations. Fewer than 1% of respondents thought they had received too much rural training. There was no significant difference in number of months of rural training preferred by men and women (P?=?.94). One third of respondents had graduated from rural-focused family practice residency programs. Rural program graduates were more likely than non–rural program graduates to report that the duration of their rural training was adequate (84% vs 46%, P?rural exposure (8.9 vs 3.4; P?rural family physicians prefer to have 6 months of rural exposure during residency. This finding is consistent with the recommendation of a College of Family Physicians of Canada committee that rural family medicine training programs offer at least 6 months of rural rotations. Almost half of rural family physicians wished they had had more rural training. Both rural-focused and non–rural-focused programs should consider providing opportunities for pursuing elective rotations in rural areas in addition to mandatory rotations if they want to respond to these preferences for training. PMID:16926963

Chan, Benjamin T.B.; Degani, Naushaba; Crichton, Tom; Pong, Raymond W.; Rourke, James T.; Goertzen, James; McCready, Bill

2006-01-01

76

Rural Energy-Conservation Program  

SciTech Connect

The Rural Energy Conservation Program is a Cooperative Extension Service educational program stressing improved energy efficiency and encouraging a self-help atmosphere among rural and small town residents. Included here are program promotion materials, project schedules, workshop agendas, heat loss and home insulation analysis worksheets, program evaluation worksheets, heating system analysis materials, and client interview data sheets. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-01-01

77

Rural Community Library in 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores what the rural library will look like in 2001, and envisions rural information needs and the roles the library will assume to meet those needs. Demographically, the year 2001 will see an aging population, low population growth, and a rising percentage of racial minorities. Key areas of public concern will be the environment and…

Walsh, Jan

78

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

79

Helping Rural Schools Achieve Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senator Collins of Maine plans to fight for proper federal funding of the Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP) that allows rural schools to combine federal funding sources. Collins, and Senator Dianne Feinstein, will soon introduce legislation that will eliminate inequities in the current Social Security law that penalize teachers and other…

Collins, Susan

2003-01-01

80

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

81

The Preparation of Rural Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Placement of field experience students (FES) in rural schools develops human relations skills and positive attitudes. FES may assist rural educators by doing paper work, providing individual tutoring, and working with small groups and on individualized projects. However, success of these placements depends on the active involvement of university…

Martin, Ralph E., Jr.; Wood, George H.

1984-01-01

82

Issues of Rural Light Pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light pollution is generally considered mostly an urban problem. Common sources of light pollution are poorly designed lighting of streets, parking lots, businesses and advertizing signs and for security. These sources, and the amount of light pollution generated, increase with population density. Nevertheless, light pollution can also be significant in rural areas. Rural light pollution differs from that in urban

W. H. Osborn; R. L. Hammer; A. Hammer

2001-01-01

83

Rural Development in South Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews development in rural areas of South Korea since the late nineteenth century, with particular emphasis on rural to urban migration, governmental investment in agriculture, transportation and mass communications, development projects, social leveling processes, upgraded living standards, and cooperative village improvement projects. Journal…

Brandt, Vincent S. R.

1979-01-01

84

Urbanization and Changing Rural Norms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indicators of normative traditionalism were derived from 1947 and 1970 attitude surveys of adolescents from 68 Pennsylvania high schools. Rural-urban character of the areas was indexed by 1950 and 1970 census materials. Although 1970 normative climates were more permissive, findings suggest continuing utility of rural-urban distinction in dealing…

Chou, Bih-Er; And Others

1982-01-01

85

Minnesota Rural Teen Crash Project  

E-print Network

June 2012 Minnesota Rural Teen Crash Project Author: Karen Sprattler Sprattler Group CTS 12-22 #12 and Subtitle 5. Report Date Minnesota Rural Teen Crash Project June 2012 6. 7. Author(s) 8. Performing or county is immune from the tragedy of teen motor vehicle crashes, some areas appear to be more vulnerable

Levinson, David M.

86

Gifted Education in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes responses of 35 state gifted education consultants and 76 teachers of gifted students in rural areas to survey of rural gifted programming. Finds many needs for gifted programming involving cooperative efforts, adequate funding, use of community resources, more consistent/appropriate identification methods, teacher influence, and role…

Meriweather, Suzanne; Karnes, Frances A.

1986-01-01

87

The Church and Rural Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Involvement of the church in rural community life was investigated by examining the "Fifty-Year Index to Rural Sociology." Findings revealed that 43 separate articles were published from 1944 to 1977 under categories of community life (7 articles); ministers: elite control (4); attitudes (5); beliefs, practices (6); churches (6); church…

Cleland, Charles L.

88

Information Sources on Rural Recycling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides resources for rural recycling operations with the principle aim of assisting rural government officials, planners, residents, and educators to encourage recycling as an integral part of an individual's or community's solid waste management plan. Sources range from bibliographies, directories, and government documents to case studies. (49…

Notess, Greg; Kuske, Jodee

1992-01-01

89

Finding Fairness for Rural Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-poverty schools in rural areas and small towns are under attack from state policy makers who want to consolidate these schools in order to save money. In addition to calls for consolidation, rural schools also are threatened by unfair and inadequate funding formulas.

Strange, Marty

2011-01-01

90

Toward a Rural Development Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines programs aimed at encouraging the economic, social, and cultural development of rural areas; the nature of activities undertaken and results achieved; major provisions of the new Rural Development Act; and directions which future policies and programs should take. A statement by the National Planning Association (NPA)…

Maddox, James G.

91

Retention of Rural Speech Pathologists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses the need for research examining the critical shortage of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in rural Canada. Results of a survey of 87 speech language pathologists in rural British Columbia and Saskatchewan (Canada) were similar to earlier American studies in that employment practices, employment benefits, lifestyle, and other personal…

Foster, Felicity; Harvey, Brian

1996-01-01

92

USDA: Rural and Community Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States government has been involved in rural development support for over seventy years, and the United States Department of Agriculture's Rural and Community Development program has spearheaded many of these initiatives directly. Users of the site should first look at their homepage, which provides recent announcements and website features, such as information about rural development policy and related pieces of legislation. The homepage also includes information on backyard conservation, utility services, and drought assistance. Near the bottom of the homepage, visitors will find links to recent reports, such as "Promoting Tourism in Rural America". Additionally, the homepage also provides access to the Journal of Extension and Rural Cooperatives Magazine. Finally, the site also includes a database of farmers' markets across the United States.

93

Women in rural development.  

PubMed

The integration of women in rural development means something more than mere labor involvement, but there has never been a clear definition of what it means. 4 principal concerns of policy-makers are briefly described as they affect women: unemployment and inadequate employment; 2) the satisfaction of basic needs and women's participation in decision-making; 3) population issues; and 4) rural-to-urban migration. The actual inter-household and inter-personal distribution of more work and higher productivity work could result in some hard-working people working even longer hours because of additional tasks with others losing their intermittent employment opportunities due to mechanization. These contradictions can be particularly acute for women. The non-material basic need of decision-making powers is more important in the case of women than of men, yet the personal status of women is being threatened by the institution-building that accompanies peasant-based agricultural intensification plans and anti-poverty programs. The education of females has been seen as a possible factor favoring family planning. In addition, education for women can mean access to public information and new expectations from life for themselves. At this time more women than men seem to be migrating to towns and cities in a number of countries with varied economic structures. 3 cases studies of agricultural development in Kenya, Bangladesh and Java, Indonesia are presented. PMID:12336530

Palmer, I

1980-01-01

94

Rural Roots: News, Information, and Commentary from the Rural School and Community Trust, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the first eight issues of "Rural Roots"--two published in 2000 and six published bimonthly in 2001. A newsletter of the Rural School and Community Trust, "Rural Roots" provides news, information, and commentary from the Rural Trust and highlights the wide variety of place-based education work happening in rural schools and…

Westra, Kathryn E., Ed.; Yaunches, H. Alison, Ed.

2001-01-01

95

Rural Roots: News, Information, and Commentary from the Rural School and Community Trust, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the six issues of "Rural Roots" published bimonthly in 2002. A newsletter of the Rural School and Community Trust, "Rural Roots" provides news, information, and commentary from the Rural Trust and highlights the wide variety of place-based education work happening in rural schools and communities across the country. Feature…

Yaunches, Alison, Ed.; Loveland, Elaina, Ed.

2002-01-01

96

"How to Be a Rural Man": Young Men's Performances and Negotiations of Rural Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with young rural men and how they "do" identity politics living in a rural area of Norway. Focusing on how masculinity and rurality are constructed and interrelated in young men's narratives of living in a remote community, it is identified that young rural men reproduce, negotiate and transform local discourses of rural

Bye, Linda Marie

2009-01-01

97

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

98

Southern Rural Access Program: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Southern Rural Access Program, a grant program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in eight southern states, funds projects that nurture rural and disadvantaged students in health-care fields; build state, regional, or community capacity to recruit and retain rural health professionals; support rural health networks; and provide loans to…

Beachler, Michael; Holloman, Curtis; Herman, James

2003-01-01

99

Rural Governments in the Municipal Bond Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The differential interest costs to rural governments associated with borrowing in the tax-exempt bond market is a function of the advantageous position of several large partially rural counties and the dominance of school district borrowing in rural communities, rather than a disadvantage of predominantly rural governments. This conclusion is the…

Palumbo, George; Sacks, Seymour

100

Elements of a Sustainable Rural Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If a new and effective rural policy is to be crafted, policymakers must realize that rural America has changed a great deal in recent years. To be sustainable, rural policy must be flexible enough to accommodate continuing changes in global structure; be sufficiently targeted to address the unique concerns found in diverse rural situations;…

Pulver, Glen C.

101

Gender, Class and Rurality: Australian Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interrelationship between gender and class in rural spaces has received little attention. While rural scholars have focused on the implications for class from processes of gentrification and agricultural and rural restructuring, these analyses have remained largely ungendered. Similarly, feminist rural studies have rarely explored subjectivity…

Bryant, Lia; Pini, Barbara

2009-01-01

102

Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the problem varies across the United States, overall there is a shortage of rural teachers, especially in the subject areas of math, science, and special education. Recruiting teachers for rural settings requires targeting persons with rural backgrounds, attacking the negative stereotypes surrounding rural schools, and stressing the…

Harmon, Hobart L.

103

Rural Elementary School Teachers' Technology Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey responses from more than 500 third-grade teachers, this study addressed three research questions relating to technology integration and its impact in rural elementary schools. The first analyses compared rural with non-rural teachers, revealing that the rural teachers had more positive attitudes toward technology integration. Then…

Howley, Aimee; Wood, Lawrence; Hough, Brian

2011-01-01

104

Landlessness and Rural Poverty in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although reducing rural poverty has been the key agenda of economic reforms in Pakistan, the rural poverty continued to rise during the 1990s. The causes of rural poverty are complex and multidimensional. The rural poor are quite diverse both in the problems they face, and the possible solutions to these problems are also different. The paper uses the most recent

Talat Anwar; Sarfraz K. Qureshi; Hammad Ali

2004-01-01

105

Tourism in rural areas: Kedah, Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an empirical study examining the adequacy of the planning approach and establishment types in developing rural tourism in Malaysia with a focus on rural capacity to absorb tourism. It explores the policy background that encourages the growth of rural tourism and highlights issues and factors hampering the involvement of rural communities in tourism. Three illustrations, which are

Abby Liu

2006-01-01

106

State of the State's Rural Health  

E-print Network

, with comparisons among the rural and urban areas of the state. We expect this initial snapshot to provide a basis that is most widely accepted among those who conduct rural health research: the Rural-Urban Commuting Area in census tracts with urban and rural RUCA codes. Counties with more than 95 percent of their population

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

107

Prevalence of Hunger Declines in Rural Households.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of hunger in rural households declined slightly from 1995 to 1998, and food insecurity rates stayed constant. Food insecurity was almost three times as prevalent among rural Blacks as among rural Whites. For rural Hispanics, the rate was about twice that of Whites. Food insecurity was higher in single-parent families than in any…

Nord, Mark; Winicki, F. Joshua

2000-01-01

108

Nature, Types and Scale of Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of rural development has been surrounded by a number of debates regarding its nature, types, and scale. Included among the sources of controversy relating to rural development are the following areas: (1) the relation between rural development and rural industrialization, (2) the distribution of benefits and costs associated with…

Hill, Frances

109

Drug Abuse in Rural America. Treatment Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A household survey of 3,253 rural persons, conducted as part of the 1979 National Survey on Drug Abuse, focused on comparisons between rural and non-rural drug usage patterns. The findings indicated that rates of illicit drug use in rural areas increased through the 1970's and that rural/non-rural differences in illicit drug use declined. Rural

Harrell, Adele V.; Cisin, Ira H.

110

Demographic Change and Rural Nature  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Future demographic change in Australia’s rural environments will yield substantial challenges and opportunities for biodiversity\\u000a conservation. Humans preferentially settle in the most biodiverse regions resulting in considerable spatial conflict between\\u000a human settlement\\u000a and species conservation. The natural amenities\\u000a of rural landscapes (e.g., mountains and forests) are recognised increasingly as factors important in influencing rural population\\u000a growth. A combination of natural

Gary W. Luck

111

SOME DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

RURAL YOUTH, DEFINED AS THOSE AGED 15 TO 24, COMPRISE AN IMPORTANT PORTION OF THE U.S. POPULATION. THEY NUMBER 7.5 MILLION PERSONS, WITH 5.7 MILLION RESIDING IN RURAL-NONFARM AREAS AND 1.8 MILLION RESIDING IN RURAL-FARM AREAS. RURAL-NONFARM AND RURAL-FARM YOUTH IN THESE AGES FORM A LARGER PERCENTAGE OF THEIR RESPECTIVE TOTAL POPULATION THAN URBAN…

BEEGLE, J. ALLAN

112

The Center for Excellence in Rural Safety (CERS) at the University of Minnesota developed the Rural Highway Safety  

E-print Network

-miles traveled is 2.6 times higher in rural areas than in urban areas. www.RuralHighwaySafety.orgThe RuralThe Center for Excellence in Rural Safety (CERS) at the University of Minnesota developed the Rural of the U.S. Department of Transportation's strategy to reduce deaths on the nation's rural roads. The Rural

Minnesota, University of

113

Rural practice. Preference, perception, and reality.  

PubMed

Numerous studies have approached the geographic maldistribution of physicians in the United States by evaluating factors associated with rural placement and retention, with "rural" being variably defined. To our knowledge, no one has qualitatively investigated physicians' perceptions of rurality or how closely those perceptions fit commonly used definitions of rurality. In addition, no one has evaluated physicians' preference for rural practice or the association between this preference and the rurality of their practice as they perceive it. This descriptive study uses a questionnaire mailed to graduates of a community hospital, university-affiliated Family Medicine residency program to evaluate physician perception and preference regarding rural practice. The participation rate was 83.1%. Agreement between the rurality of practice sites, as perceived, and definitions of rural was greatest when defined as a "nonurban population center of less than 25,000." Twenty-one (44.7%) of 47 respondents who preferred rural practice sites perceived themselves to be in urban practice sites. Respondents identified a nonurban population center of less than 25,000 as their perceived threshold between rural and urban practice settings. This threshold should be further evaluated as a potential operational standard. Nearly one half of the respondents who preferred rural practice perceived themselves to be in urban practice, indicating significant barriers to rural practice in this population. Potentially many more physicians may settle in rural practices if barriers for those who prefer rural practice can be identified and eliminated. PMID:8124495

Hartlaub, P P; Gordon, R L

1993-11-01

114

The changing rural environment and the relationship between health services and rural development.  

PubMed Central

Author summarizes today's changing rural America and the challenges that health services researchers and policymakers face in relating the rural environment to the problems and possibilities of rural health services delivery. PMID:2917874

Cordes, S M

1989-01-01

115

Rural Schools' Mental Health Needs  

E-print Network

Rural schools often can not provide the same access to mental health service as schools in larger population areas can.. Understanding the implications of these sometimes limited services is important in overcoming barriers to adequate services...

Lee, Steven W.; Lohmeier, Jill H.; Niileksela, Christopher Robert; Oeth, Jessica

2009-01-01

116

Intimate partner violence in rural environments.  

PubMed

The purpose of this chapter is to review nursing and other research related to rural intimate partner violence. The author presents a review of research in the area of intimate partner violence in the rural setting. The findings indicate that there is limited nursing research related to intimate partner violence in rural communities. The review describes the prevalence and types of abuse, the rural service issues, and the consequences of battering. The chapter also discusses the health implications of violence in the rural setting. The author concludes with a presentation of a research agenda for nursing research in rural environments. PMID:18709747

Annan, Sandra L

2008-01-01

117

Regional policy for rural settlements in Bulgaria.  

PubMed

Government policies concerning rural settlement and rural-urban migration in Bulgaria since 1944 are evaluated and described. The author observes that during this period, "Bulgaria...has undergone rapid urbanization.... The marked destructive processes in the rural settlement network since 1944, mainly due to the ageing of the rural population and its migration to the cities, have necessitated the implementation of an active regional policy in rural regions. A 'policy of key settlements' and 'a policy of key regions' were developed in recent years [to encourage rural development]." PMID:12317807

Tsekov, N

1992-01-01

118

76 FR 38604 - Inviting Applications for Rural Business Opportunity Grants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...4284, subpart G, the Rural Business- Cooperative Service (RBS), an Agency within the Rural Development mission area, announces...Overview Federal Agency: Rural Business-Cooperative Service (RBS). Funding Opportunity Type: Rural Business Opportunity...

2011-07-01

119

7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section 22...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State rural...

2010-01-01

120

7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section 22...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State rural...

2014-01-01

121

7 CFR 22.204 - Rural development committees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural development committees. 22.204 Section 22...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION Roles and Responsibilities...Federal Government § 22.204 Rural development committees. State rural...

2012-01-01

122

Livability Principle National Rural Transit Livability Performance Measures  

E-print Network

-- rural, urban, or suburban. Improve economic competitiveness through reliable and timely accessLivability Principle National Rural Transit Livability Performance Measures Coordinate revitalization and the efficiency of public works investments and safeguard rural landscapes. Rural transit

123

Rural Schools and Communities: How Globalization Influences Rural School and Community Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how a rural school district and the communities in which the district belonged collaborated on a community development initiative. This dissertation examined the opportunities and constraints rural communities are facing and the role that a rural school system could play in increasing social and economic sustainability of rural

Butler, Thomas

2008-01-01

124

Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development: The North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development Project began in 1979 as a study of 12 rural development efforts which comprised the North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory and was expanded in 1980-81 to include rural development in 6 other states (California, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, and Vermont). A wide range of…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

125

Rural America's Stake in the Digital Economy. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This first article in a series on telecommunications in rural America provides an overview of several key telecommunication issues facing rural regions. High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few…

Staihr, Brian

126

Undergraduate Rural Medical Education Program Development: Focus Group Consultation with the NRHA Rural Medical Educators Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Over a decade ago, leaders in rural medical education established the Rural Medical Educators (RME) Group, an interest group within the National Rural Health Association, to support faculty in rural medical education programs. This group has convened an annual RME conclave since 2006. In 2008, this conclave convened 15 national leaders in…

Downey, Laura H.; Wheat, John R.; Leeper, James D.; Florence, Joseph A.; Boulger, James G.; Hunsaker, Matt L.

2011-01-01

127

rurAL nutritiOn services College of Rural and Community Development  

E-print Network

rurAL nutritiOn services College of Rural and Community Development Interior-Aleutians Campus 907 credits The Rural Nutrition Services Program teaches job-related skills and knowledge needed for entry and other organizations serving rural Alaska. Students learn nutrition sci- ence, behavioral health

Hartman, Chris

128

An Analysis of North Carolina's Rural Health Problems as Perceived by County Rural Development Panels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A State Task Force on Rural Health was formed (January 1973) by the State Rural Development Committee to identify and analyze major rural health problems in North Carolina and to recommend alleviation strategies. The Task Force submitted open-ended questionnaires to members of the County Rural Development Panels to secure their perceptions of…

Hamilton, Vance E., Comp.

129

Application of the Rural Development Index to Analysis of Rural Regions in Poland and Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this research was to construct a multi-dimensional (composite) index measuring the overall level of rural development and quality of life in individual rural regions of a given EU country. In the Rural Development Index (RDI) the rural development domains are represented by hundreds of partial socio-economic, environmental,…

Michalek, Jerzy; Zarnekow, Nana

2012-01-01

130

Investing in People: The Human Capital Needs of Rural America. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of existing human resource conditions in rural America; examines key economic, social, and technological forces shaping the future viability of rural areas; describes human capital issues for rural women and minority groups; and outlines strategies to strengthen rural human capital resources. Chapters are: (1) "Human…

Beaulieu, Lionel J., Ed.; Mulkey, David, Ed.

131

76 FR 80217 - Rural Business Investment Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...For the Rural Business Investment Program, the Agency will conduct intergovernmental...Securities, Small businesses. For the reasons...Chapter XLII of the Code of Federal Regulations...SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE...

2011-12-23

132

THE NATIONAL RURAL CLEAN WATER PROGRAM SYMPOSIUM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Rural Clean Water Program (RCWP) was initiated as an experimental effort to address agricultural nonpoint source pollution problems in rural watersheds across the country. his document contains the technical papers presented at the National RCWP Symposium. hese papers documen...

133

Designing sanitation projects in rural Ghana  

E-print Network

Providing sanitation to rural areas in Ghana remains a huge challenge. Government funding is scarce while many international donor projects are ineffective. This thesis explores the difficulties with rural sanitation ...

Lau, Jonathan (Jonathan Ho Yin)

2011-01-01

134

Rural Poor Target of Increased Research Interest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes significant problems that are specific to rural poor and particularly devastating to poor Blacks. Lack of jobs and the farm crisis are the main causes of rural poverty. Discusses funding for research and need for future studies. (JS)

Farrell, Charles S.

1989-01-01

135

Issues of Rural Light Pollution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Light pollution is generally considered mostly an urban problem. Common sources of light pollution are poorly designed lighting of streets, parking lots, businesses and advertizing signs and for security. These sources, and the amount of light pollution generated, increase with population density. Nevertheless, light pollution can also be significant in rural areas. Rural light pollution differs from that in urban settings, both in the types of pollution and in the means that must be employed to control it. In the country the offending sources are often isolated lights such as from farm barns, vacation cottages, radio and cell phone towers, and road intersections. A culture of strong property rights and privacy rights affects attempts to control rural light pollution. We describe how some of these issues may be addressed based on the results from an Eagle Scout project carried out in central Michigan.

Osborn, W. H.; Hammer, R. L.; Hammer, A.

2001-12-01

136

Entrepreneurship, the informal economy and rural communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to evaluate whether early-stage entrepreneurs and the established self-employed in rural communities trade off-the-books and whether this tendency varies across deprived and affluent rural localities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 350 households in both affluent and deprived rural communities in England. Findings – In both the affluent and deprived rural communities surveyed, wholly

Colin C. Williams

2011-01-01

137

RATIONALIZATION OF THE RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ALTHOUGH THE PATTERN OF RURAL TO URBAN MIGRATION IS BEGINNING TO SUBSIDE, THE PROBLEMS OF EMPLOYMENT FACED BY THESE RURAL MIGRANTS ARE CONTINUING. PROGRAMS TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH THEIR RELOCATION AND EMPLOYMENT HAVE NOT BEEN DEVISED, AND EFFORTS TO DATE HAVE BEEN CURATIVE RATHER THAN PREVENTIVE. A PRACTICAL WAY TO RATIONALIZE THE RURAL-URBAN…

MIRENGOFF, WILLIAM

138

Urban influences on rural schooling in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many believe that low levels of schooling in rural areas of developing economies are a consequence of the low rate of return to schooling in agriculture. This belies the possibility that rural schooling decisions are undertaken in response to the possibility of employment in urban areas. This paper tests this hypothesis, using three cross sections of household data for rural

Anjini. Kochar

2004-01-01

139

Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural

Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed.

140

Rural Sociological Society 1999 Award Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Rural Sociological Society 1999 awards: Excellence in Instruction, Jill Belsky, for designing a college program in rural and environmental change, and Lori Cramer, for strengthening interdisciplinary linkages among rural sociology, forestry, and agriculture; Excellence in Extension, Emmett Fiske; Excellence in Research, Sonya Salamon;…

Rural Sociologist, 1999

1999-01-01

141

School Dropouts in Rural Colorado School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dropouts from rural school districts have not received the same scrutiny as given to those from urban ones. The reasons behind this lack of knowledge about the experience of rural school districts with dropouts are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to begin to close this knowledge gap. A first major study of rural dropouts in the…

Tombari, Martin; Andrews, Alex; Gallinati, Tina

2009-01-01

142

Rural Programs for Gifted and Talented Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to develop guidelines in gifted education appropriate for the approximately 212 Washington rural school districts with fewer than 2000 students, the booklet has 3 purposes: to describe Washington's rural community, to provide basic information about gifted education, and to encourage the planning and development of rural programs in…

Long, Margo

143

Career Patterns of Rural Female Educational Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the impact of the rural context upon the careers of women educational administrators in Saskatchewan. Surveys and interviews with 24 female rural administrators indicated that the behavior and career patterns of rural female administrators were influenced by the organizational context of the school and its community. A new…

Wallin, Dawn; Sackney, Larry

2003-01-01

144

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty  

E-print Network

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty New realities, new challenges: new opportunities for tomorrow's generation #12;"The Rural Poverty Report 2011 is a valuable contribution to the effort that it supports investment, innovation and risk-taking. I have high hopes that the Rural Poverty Report will help

145

Putting "Rural" into Psychiatry Residency Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Evidence indicates disparities in the number of psychiatrists practicing in rural America compared to urban areas suggesting the need for a greater emphasis on rural psychiatry in residency training programs. The authors offer suggestions for integrating a rural focus in psychiatry residency training to foster greater competency and…

Nelson, William A.; Pomerantz, Andrew; Schwartz, Jonathan

2007-01-01

146

[Qualities and Strengths of Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal contains the following articles pertaining to English instruction in rural schools: (1) "Different, To Be Sure" (Nathan James Weate) compares rural and urban students and finds rural students to have strong family cohesiveness, strong moral values, and diversified interests; (2) "An Elevating Experience" (Dorothy Trusock) describes a…

deRosa, Richard J., Ed.

1992-01-01

147

The Triple Bias: Rural, Minority and Female.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Chicanas share values and problems with other rural women (conservative orientation toward sex roles and life styles, conflict between traditional demands of rural culture and pressure to enter the labor force), but with additional socio-linguistic barriers (limited English-speaking ability, few marketable job skills). Many Chicanas do not…

Amodeo, Luiza B.; And Others

148

Principals as Assessment Leaders in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of rural school principals' assessment leadership roles and the impact of rural context on their work. The study involved three focus groups of principals serving small rural schools of varied size and grade configuration in three systems. Principals viewed assessment as a matter of teacher accountability and as a…

Renihan, Patrick; Noonan, Brian

2012-01-01

149

Risk Factors for Rural Residential Fires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context and Purpose: Rural households report high fire-related mortality and injury rates, but few studies have examined the risk factors for fires. This study aims to identify occupant and household characteristics that are associated with residential fires in a rural cohort. Methods: Of 1,005 households contacted in a single rural county, 691…

Allareddy, Veerasathpurush; Peek-Asa, Corinne; Yang, Jingzhen; Zwerling, Craig

2007-01-01

150

Rural Collaboratives: A Review of the Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alternative models of rural school improvement consortia were identified through a review of research literature in order to determine what existing models were applicable to rural school consortia in the northwest United States. Organization structure of rural school collaboratives and characteristics associated with successful functioning were…

Crohn, Leslie; Nelson, Steven R.

151

The Other Poor: Rural Poverty and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that rural poverty remains relatively invisible because, although shameful, it is profitable, and the rural poor pose little threat to their suburban neighbors. This is illustrated via interrogation concerning a rural poultry plant fire. The paper examines implications of this case for foundations scholars and educational…

Books, Sue

1997-01-01

152

Southern Rural Education Association Journal, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal contains the following articles pertaining to education in rural areas: (1) "The State of the Association" (William Peter) reviews the mission and progress of the Southern Rural Education Association; (2) "Arts Enrichment Programs in Middle Tennessee Rural Schools" (Howard Brahmstedt and Patricia Brahmstedt) describes how these…

Hulick, Chuck, Ed.

1990-01-01

153

Defining "Rural" for Veterans' Health Care Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) devised an algorithm to classify veterans as Urban, Rural, or Highly Rural residents. To understand the policy implications of the VHA scheme, we compared its categories to 3 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and 4 Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) geographical categories. Method: Using…

West, Alan N.; Lee, Richard E.; Shambaugh-Miller, Michael D.; Bair, Byron D.; Mueller, Keith J.; Lilly, Ryan S.; Kaboli, Peter J.; Hawthorne, Kara

2010-01-01

154

Education: Designed for the Rural Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a discussion of the educational opportunities for the economically disadvantaged rural populations of Third World Nations. Emphasized is the need for broadening the educational base for the small farm in order to involve members of rural communities in rural progress. (Author/SA)

Higgs, John; Moore, David

1980-01-01

155

Virtue Ethics and Rural Professional Healthcare Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because rural populations are at risk not only for clinically disparate care but also ethically disparate care, there is a need to enhance scholarship, research, and teaching about rural health care ethics. In this paper an argument for the applicability of a virtue ethics framework for professionals in rural healthcare is outlined. The argument…

Crowden, Andrew

2010-01-01

156

Rural Folklife Days: Resources for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Folklife Days is an annual celebration of customs and crafts that have been practiced every fall by generations of people in rural areas of north Florida. This packet is designed to help teachers prepare elementary students for Rural Folklife Days and to introduce them to traditional crafts and arts that are still practiced in parts of north…

Kay, Jon, Ed.; Beasley, Holly, Ed.; Hollingsworth, Teresa, Ed.; Smith, KC, Ed.

157

On rural urbanization in China.  

PubMed

The author reviews "the debate regarding rural urbanization in the Chinese literature and the political factions that support different positions. He also introduces us to the complexity of defining żurbanization' in a Chinese context. He cautions us in the use of the common but important yardsticks for measuring basic data, such as growth in the officially registered urban population or an increase in the number of rurally registered people who change to nonagricultural registration status, that is, urban-registered status (nong zhuan fei)." A comparison of urbanization in different prosperous areas is made. PMID:12292820

Zhou, D

1995-01-01

158

Biogas as a source of rural energy  

SciTech Connect

The hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, with nearly 2.15 million cattle and 0.7 million buffalo, has the potential to install 0.64 million biogas plants of 1 m{sup 3} size. These plants could generate nearly 4.90 x 105 m{sup 3} of biogas, equivalent to 3.07 x 10{sup 5} L kerosene per day to meet domestic energy needs of nearly one-fourth of its rural population. During 1982--1998, only 12.8% of this potential was achieved. The percent of possible potential achieved in plant installations in 12 districts of this state, namely, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Solan, and Una, are 35.35, 1.70, 20.96, 8.67, 1.54, 6.96, 0.00, 18.49, 3.84, 8.521, 18.29, and 13.23%, respectively. There is a need to strengthen biogas promotion, particularly in the districts of Kangra, Mandi, Solan, and Una, which range from mid-hill to low-hill terrain and which have large potential due to high concentration of bovine population. Increased costs and comparatively low rate of subsidies has resulted in a decreasing rate of plant installation annually, from 3,500 during 1987--1992 to fewer than 1,200 during 1995--1998. The percentage of functioning plants was 82% in 1987--1988 but has decreased to 63%. To ensure proper installation and functionality of plants, the authors discuss the needed improvements in the biogas promotion program.

Kalia, A.K.

2000-01-01

159

Challenging the Comfortable Stereotypes: Rural Education and Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the question of standardization and educational equity among rural school systems and offers three "fundamental challenges" for educators. The first challenge is to take seriously the power of education and to resist the temptation to reduce expectations placed on education and educators. The power of education is illustrated…

Sher, Jonathan P.

160

Rural High School Principals: Leadership in Rural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational leadership has been the focus of many studies; however, leadership does not occur in a vacuum. Understanding the context in which it occurs will in turn help to explain the phenomenon itself. Rural communities in the United States have many differences when compared to urban and suburban areas. Twenty-eight percent of schools in the…

Shuman, Aaron L.

2010-01-01

161

Rural Economic Development: What Makes Rural Communities Grow?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report identifies local factors that foster rural economic growth. A review of the literature revealed potential indicators of county economic growth, and those indicators were then tested against data for nonmetro counties during the 1980s using multiple regression analysis. The principal variables examined included demographic and labor…

Aldrich, Lorna; Kusmin, Lorin

162

Impact of Declining Rural Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the impact of declining rural community infrastructure on social, environmental, and economic well-being in Western Australia's central wheatbelt. Questionnaires were completed by 398 residents of the central wheatbelt, on-farm interviews were conducted with 68 respondents, and 4 focus groups were held in area towns.…

McKenzie, Fiona Haslem

163

The Sudan Rural Television Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a rural education program, which was implemented in the Gezira Irrigated Area (as defined with a map) in Sudan. The aim of the project was the socioeconomic development of the Gezira tenant farmers through discussion of specifically designed educational programs in village viewing clubs. (JEG)

Low, John

1978-01-01

164

When Rural Reality Goes Virtual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In rural towns where sparse population and few business are barriers, virtual reality may be the only way to bring work-based learning to students. A partnership between a small-town high school, the Ohio Supercomputer Center, and a high-tech business will enable students to explore the workplace using virtual reality. (JOW)

Husain, Dilshad D.

1998-01-01

165

A Rural Internship Program Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven rural California counties participated in a teacher preparation internship program funded by the Education Professions Development Act. The 101 elementary teacher intern candidates--having a wide range of academic backgrounds, personal interests, and talents--first took part in an 8-week summer preservice experience consisting of (1)…

Blackmore, Dorothy S.; MacNair, C. Richard

166

Rehabilitation Broadcasts for Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents a series of 14 scripts focusing on families with disabled children, written in English for radio broadcast in translation to rural village areas in Pakistan. Intended to educate the public concerning disabilities and how families can help their handicapped children participate as fully as possible in community life, the…

Mental Health Centre, Peshawar (Pakistan).

167

Rocket Science for Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooking and lighting-the two basic necessities constitute 75% of total energy consumed by rural population 1. A user friendly and quality product to satisfy these needs from locally available resources like biomass can go a long way in improving the quality of life for nearly 3\\/5 th of mankind. Recent evidence suggests that indoor air pollution from biomass cooking stoves

Anil K. Rajvanshi

168

Smoking Patterns Among Rural Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health promotion among the elderly has been shown to produce positive outcomes despite widespread belief that the elderly will not benefit. Helping the elderly to quit smoking has immediate and significant health and economic benefits. This epidemiological study examined the tobacco use status of elderly living in rural areas primarily because of their reduced accessibility to group cessation programs and

R. Craig Stotts; Constance K. Smith

169

PLANNING FOR RURAL HEALTH SERVICES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE RURAL POPULATION HAS BEEN SHIFTING TOWARD THE URBAN CENTERS OF OUR COUNTRY. SOME EVIDENCE INDICATES A REVERSAL OF THIS SITUATION IN THE NEAR FUTURE. INDUSTRY IS MOVING AWAY FROM THE CITIES TO AVOID WATER POLLUTION, TRAFFIC CONGESTION, AND HIGHER OPERATIONAL COSTS. PLANNED CITIES WHICH INCLUDE COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH PLANS ARE BEING CONSTRUCTED IN…

CHAPMAN, A.L.

170

Reflections of a Rural Practitioner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some ethical dilemmas are more prevalent or more complicated to resolve in rural practice. In this practice note, I share some of the reflections that have helped me to unpack some of the ethical complications of overlapping relationships and objectivity, community pressure and integrity, generalist practice and competency, interdisciplinary…

Malone, Judi L.

2010-01-01

171

Youth Migration from Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The persistent net loss of young people from rural areas has potentially contradictory implications for educational policy. Believing that youth migration to urban areas is inevitable, one school board might feel obligated to prepare students for urban jobs. Another board might view such actions as community suicide and attempt to slow…

Haller, Emil J.; Monk, David H.

172

Sex Education in Rural Churches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Open Communication Teens or Parents Understanding Sexuality (OCTOPUS), rural teenage pregnancy prevention program. Program presented in religious setting to improve sexual attitudes and parent-child communication. Finds that participants generally gained in knowledge and self-assessment, but teenagers showed no improvement in attitude…

Isberner, Fred R.; And Others

1990-01-01

173

Using TDSi in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jodi Fletcher is a teacher on special assignment in curriculum instruction and assessment for Falcon School District 49 in Colorado. Serving about 12,500 students across 16 schools, the district encompasses the northeastern portion of Colorado Springs and the rural area of Falcon. About 30 percent of students in the district are from military…

Koenig, Darlene

2010-01-01

174

WHITE AMERICANS IN RURAL POVERTY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

POOR RURAL WHITES ARE A MAJOR AND PERSISTENT POVERTY PROBLEM, AND HAVE RECEIVED INSUFFICIENT ATTENTION. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT--(1) WHITES IN POVERTY TEND TO BE SEPARATED FROM MAJOR NATIONAL MARKETS AND THE GENERALLY ACCEPTED AMERICAN WAYS OF LIFE, (2) EMERGENCE OF MANY SPECIAL PROGRAMS TO CATER TO "TARGET GROUPS" ON THE BASIS OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL…

BIRD, ALAN R.; MCCOY, JOHN L.

175

Bringing Dance to Rural Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the work of a teacher at the Heartwood Dance Center, a school of dance and related arts in rural Calhoun County, West Virginia. The teacher also conducts freelance workshops in local schools of the region, where people are isolated and incomes are generally low. The extent to which children are talented is partially dependent…

Binder, Jude

176

Rural Areas and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the rise of the so-called information age, a number of research institutes have felt compelled to research the digital divide that seems to exist between the mainstream and certain marginalized groups, such as those with lower incomes or those in rural areas. Released in February 2004, this intriguing 38-page report authored by Peter Bell of the Pew Internet & American Life Project, examines the use of the internet by rural residents across the United States. Based primarily on survey data collected between March and August 2003, the report contains some interesting findings, most notably the fact that while almost 52% of rural adults go online on a regular basis, they still have internet participation rates lower than their urban and suburban counterparts. Other interesting findings include information in the report that suggests rural users' online connections to various groups and virtual communities are more likely to stretch beyond immediate physically proximate communities. The report is rounded out by the inclusion of a methodology section and several demographic tables.

177

Cultural Diversity in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As rural communities become more culturally diverse, the institutions and organizations that serve them must assist this cultural transition by providing a framework for change. Such a framework includes a vision of healthy diverse communities that are conscious of changing demographics and willing to reevaluate community self-image. Three…

Castania, Kathy

1992-01-01

178

Rural development--national improvement.  

PubMed

Rural development should be viewed as the core of any viable strategy for national development in developing countries where an average 2/3 of the population live in rural areas. Rural development is multisectoral, including economic, sociopolitical, environmental, and cultural aspects of rural life. Initially, the focus is on the provision of basic minimum needs in food, shelter, clothing, health, and education, through optimum use and employment of all available resources, including human labor. The development goal is the total development of the human potential. The hierarchy of goals of development may be shown in the form of an inverted pyramid. At the base are basic minimum needs for subsistence whose fulfillment leads to a higher set of sociopolitical needs and ultimately to the goal of total developmentand the release of creative energies of every individual. If development, as outlined, were to benefit the majority of the people then they would have to participate in decision making which affects their lives. This would require that the people mobilize themselves in the people'ssector. The majority can equitably benefit from development only if they are mobilized effectively. Such mobilization requires raising the consciousness of the people concerning their rights and obligations. All development with the twin objectives of growth with equity could be reduced to restructuring the socioeconomic, and hence political relationships. Desinging and implementing an intergrated approach to rural development is the 1st and fundamental issue of rural development management. The commonly accepted goals and objectives of a target group oriented antipoverty development strategy include: higher productivity and growth in gross national product (GNP); equitable distribution of the benefits of development; provision of basic minimum needs for all; gainful employment; participation in development; self reliance or self sustaining growth and development; maintenance of environmental balance. The most challenging task for development managers in developing countries is to mobilize the vast reservoir of surplus human labor and to channel it to productive use. Forest development and management of forest resources is important for rural development for 2 major objectives: to provide firewood, fodder, and other products; and in many areas and particularly in mountainous countries, forest depletion, largely from uncontrolled agricultural expansion, is leading to a loss of environmental protection of the forest, resulting in floods, droughts, erosion, desertification, silation, and loss of agricultural production. PMID:12266174

Malhotra, R C

1984-05-01

179

October 2000 The Rise of Rural-to-Rural Labor Markets in China  

E-print Network

Department of Agriculture, and 2 anonymous referees for comments and suggestions on this work. Key Words: rural labor, labor migration, rural industry, genderThe Rise of Rural-to-Rural Labor Markets in China The continued transfer of agricultural labor into the industrial sector is crucial to China’s transformation into an industrial economy. We argue in this paper that rural industry offers an alternative to urban industry for receiving agricultural labor from areas without off-farm employment opportunities. Characteristics of rural industry differ from their urban counterparts. These characteristics may serve to shape the growth in employment for incoming workers in rural areas, provide opportunities for certain types of workers, and affect the impacts these workers have on the local economy. In this paper we examine the features of China’s rural-to-rural labor movement and the villages where these workers are employed. Using a nationally representative sample of 215 villages, we show that the growth in rural-to-rural labor movement between 1988 and 1995 has been much faster than in rural-to-urban movement or in local off-farm employment. The rapid growth in rural-to-rural commuting and migration has not negatively affected off-farm income earning opportunities for workers living in the receiving villages. Rural-to-rural labor movement also has many positive effects. Labor movement into rural villages provides opportunities for workers generally underrepresented in other parts of the off-farm labor market, appears to dampen upward pressure on wages that allows rural industry to maintain labor intensive practices, and promotes national economic integration.

Bryan Lohmar; Scott Rozelle; Changbao Zhao

180

Rural Poverty Report 2001: The Challenge of Ending Rural Poverty  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Fund for Agricultural Development's 2001 report on rural poverty argues that to reduce poverty, international efforts must focus on "legally secure entitlements to assets (especially land and water); technology (above all for increasing the output and yield of food staples); access to markets; opportunities to participate in decentralized resource management; and access to microfinance." The extensive document is posted in .pdf format with the above address linking to its table of contents.

2001-01-01

181

The Perceived Importance of University Presence in Rural Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated rural residents' perceived importance of university presence in rural, regional and remote Australia. The present data indicate that the presence of university in rural areas is perceived as highly important by both rural and urban citizens. Results indicate that rural residents perceive that there is a need for…

Drummond, Aaron; Halsey, R. John; van Breda, Marja

2011-01-01

182

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

183

Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

Vissing, Yvonne M.

184

Potential of CDMA450 for Rural Network Connectivity  

E-print Network

is a promising technology, competitive in both capacity-centric urban environments and in coverage-centric rural model targeting both urban and rural deployments, and utilizing urban to rural cross-subsidization. We of rural users (mobile phone penetration in rural India is 2% as opposed to 33% in urban areas in 2006

Sanders, Seth

185

Center for Excellence in Rural Safety Mid-Term Report  

E-print Network

Perspectives of Rural and Urban Drivers Across Different Generations.......................................10 in rural areas. Not surprisingly, many of the people killed on rural highways live in urban areas. BecauseCenter for Excellence in Rural Safety Mid-Term Report July 2008 #12;#12;Contents Rural Safety

Levinson, David M.

186

Increasing Caring and Reducing Violence in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly reviews the literature on violence in rural schools and communities, as well as the causes of rural crime and violence. General demographic and economic characteristics of rural communities are listed, followed by facts on rural school enrollments, achievement, and funding. Recent changes in rural communities that might…

Schroth, Gwen; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan

187

Dementia care in rural China  

PubMed Central

Dementia is a major cause of disability and has immense cost implications for the individual suffering from the condition, family caregivers and society. Given the high prevalence of dementia in China with its enormous and rapidly expanding population of elderly adults, it is necessary to develop and test approaches to the care for patients with this disorder. The need is especially great in rural China where access to mental healthcare is limited, with the task made more complex by social and economic reforms over the last 30 years that have transformed the Chinese family support system, family values and health delivery systems. Evidence-based collaborative care models for dementia, depression and other chronic diseases that have been developed in some Western countries serve as a basis for discussion of innovative approaches in the management of dementia in rural China, with particular focus on its implementation in the primary care system. PMID:24427180

2013-01-01

188

Correlation Analysis of the Rural Finance Development and Rural Economic Growth - A Case of Sichuan Province, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on relevant research on rural finance development and rural economic growth by some Chinese scholars, taking Sichuan Province of China as an example, index of rural financial scale (deposit scale Y1 and credit scale Y2), index of rural financial support to agriculture (agricultural loan scale Y3, loan size of township enterprises Y4), index of rural economic development level (total

Chenzhong Lu

2009-01-01

189

Acute Traumatic Injuries in Rural Populations  

PubMed Central

In the United States, injuries are the leading cause of death among individuals aged 1 to 45 years and the fourth leading cause of death overall. Rural populations exhibit disproportionately high injury mortality rates. Deaths resulting from motor vehicle crashes, traumatic occupational injuries, drowning, residential fires, and suicide all increase with increasing rurality. We describe differences in rates and patterns of injury among rural and urban populations and discuss factors that contribute to these differences. PMID:15451733

Peek-Asa, Corinne; Zwerling, Craig; Stallones, Lorann

2004-01-01

190

Rural HIV: Brief interventions for felony probationers  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV\\/AIDS in Southern rural America has been described as an epidemic. Furthermore, the HIV prevalence rate among criminal\\u000a justice populations is higher than the general population in both rural and urban areas. One segment of the criminal justice\\u000a population, felony probationers, has not been targeted for HIV\\/AIDS interventions and little is known about rural HIV risk\\u000a behaviors. Probation is an

Carrie B. Oser; Carl G. Leukefeld; Abby Cosentino-Boehm; Jennifer R. Havens

2006-01-01

191

Rural Libraries. A Forum for Rural Library Service. Volume XI, No. 1 and No. 2, 1991.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These volumes report on investigation, activities, and viewpoints related to rural library service. Topics covered are the role of rural libraries, the needs and characteristics of its users, the characteristics of its trustees, difference in operation and information service between rural and urban libraries, and the role of technology in helping…

Sheller, Rebekah, Ed.

1991-01-01

192

Strengthening the Rural Carolinas: A Conceptual Framework for the Program for the Rural Carolinas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Duke Endowment's Program for the Rural Carolinas is a 5-year effort to assist the revitalization of rural communities. Guiding principles of the program are that the rural Carolinas matter, this generation of workers matters, effective community development involves the entire community, solutions must be locally determined, healthy…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

193

The Rural Services Institutes Network as a Strategy for Assisting Rural Communities in New York State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New York State Office of Rural Affairs has developed an innovative network of 17 Rural Services Institutes (RSIs) located at colleges and universities throughout the state in order to help meet the needs of rural communities. RSIs operate with minimal cost to the state and involve few bureaucratic constraints. Each RSI shares expertise and…

Merwin, William C.; And Others

194

ubccpd.ca/rural The UBC Rural CPD Program is supported by  

E-print Network

· Register online or fill in the form on reverse. · Cost: $100 per physician. Participation is complimentaryRuralHealthThroughEducation MOC SECTION 1 MAINPRO M1 12.0 What is the Online Journal Club in Rural Emergency Medicine? · An accredited, 100% online journal club for BC physicians who provide EM care in rural areas or small urban

195

Rural Education -- A Forward Look. Yearbook 1955 (Department of Rural Education).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon the 1954 National Conference on Rural Education, the Yearbook discusses major problems and possibilities arising from significant changes in rural education. Part I presents an overview of education for rural America -- its achievements, continuing problems and some suggestions for their solutions, and the challenge for the immediate…

National Education Association, Washington, DC. Dept. of Rural Education.

196

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

197

Rural Women Knowing All: Globalization and Rural Women's Organizing in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural women in China are located on the periphery of that country's processes of globalization and modernization. They also, in the 1990s, acquired a voice of their own through the magazine Rural Women Knowing All. This magazine, founded through the intersection of Chinese and transnational feminisms, provided rural women with connections, knowledge and a venue for their own aspirations. Through

Sharon R. Wesoky

2007-01-01

198

The Broadband Quandary for Rural America. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few markets present significant obstacles to their deployment in rural areas. Broadband applications such as e-commerce, distance education, and telemedicine…

Staihr, Brian

199

A Critique of "New" Rural Local Governance: The Case of Gender in a Rural Australian Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade rural social scientists have demonstrated significant interest in documenting the new forms of governance emerging in rural and regional areas. However, little attention has been given to examining the gendered aspects of these new arrangements. This paper takes up the issue of gender and governance in rural areas by reporting…

Pini, Barbara

2006-01-01

200

Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China  

SciTech Connect

Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of China’s total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on China’s success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

2014-04-01

201

Rural mental health: neither romanticism nor despair.  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationship between rural places and mental health. It begins with a definition of mental health and an outline of the data that have led to the current concern with promoting positive mental health. We then consider aspects of rural life and place that contribute to positive mental health or increase the likelihood of mental health problems. Issues identified include environment, place, gender identity, violence and dispossession and the influence of the effects of structural changes in rural communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the determinants of resilience in rural places, including social connectedness, valuing diversity and economic participation. PMID:11249401

Wainer, J; Chesters, J

2000-06-01

202

7 CFR 2.17 - Under Secretary for Rural Development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...agencies in encouraging the creation of rural community development...National Rural Development Partnership; (H) Section 379E (7...agencies in encouraging the creation of local rural community development... (xxi) Administer the Value-Added Agricultural...

2010-01-01

203

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant AGENCY: Health Resources...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant (RHITND) to Grace...the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development (RHITND) Grant to the...

2013-03-21

204

7 CFR 2003.10 - Rural Development State Offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Rural Development State Offices. 2003.10 Section 2003... Functional Organization of the Rural Development Mission Area § 2003.10 Rural Development State Offices. (a) Headed by...

2011-01-01

205

7 CFR 2003.10 - Rural Development State Offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Rural Development State Offices. 2003.10 Section 2003... Functional Organization of the Rural Development Mission Area § 2003.10 Rural Development State Offices. (a) Headed by...

2012-01-01

206

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2013-01-01

207

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2014-01-01

208

42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

2010-10-01

209

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2010-01-01

210

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2010-01-01

211

42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.  

...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

2014-10-01

212

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2014-01-01

213

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2011-01-01

214

42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

2011-10-01

215

7 CFR 1940.560 - Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Funds § 1940.560 Guarantee Rural Rental Housing Program...State's percentage of National rural population, (2) State's...percentage of the National number of rural households between 50 and 115...the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The...

2012-01-01

216

42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

2012-10-01

217

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2011-01-01

218

76 FR 34839 - Establishment of the White House Rural Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...effectiveness of Federal engagement with rural stakeholders, including agricultural...organizations regarding the needs of rural America; (c) coordinate Federal...geographic regions that encompass both urban and rural areas; and (d) identify and...

2011-06-14

219

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2013-01-01

220

42 CFR 5a.3 - Definition of Underserved Rural Community.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PROGRAM § 5a.3 Definition of Underserved Rural Community. Underserved Rural Community means a community: (a) Located...county, all Census Tracts that are assigned a Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCAs) codes of...

2013-10-01

221

7 CFR 22.306 - Financing rural development planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the Secretary of Agriculture RURAL DEVELOPMENT COORDINATION ...Governments § 22.306 Financing rural development planning. States will be required to finance rural development planning through...the Department of Housing and Urban Development planning and...

2012-01-01

222

Village adoption scheme : a model for rural development  

E-print Network

The study describes a "Village Adoption Scheme" as a model for energising the rural economy in India and to slow down rural - urban migration which research has shown to be harmful to both; rural and urban people of India ...

Nanavati, Shahid Sadruddin, 1961-

2004-01-01

223

Solar Energy for Rural Egypt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Egypt is currently experiencing the symptoms of an energy crisis, such as electricity outage and high deficit, due to increasing rates of fossil fuels consumption. Conversely, Egypt has a high solar availability of more than 18.5 MJ daily. Additionally, Egypt has large uninhabited deserts on both sides of the Nile valley and Sinai Peninsula, which both represent more than 96.5 % of the nation's total land area. Therefore, solar energy is one of the promising solutions for the energy shortage in Egypt. Furthermore, these vast lands are advantageous for commissioning large-scaled solar power projects, not only in terms of space availability, but also of availability of high quality silicon (sand) required for manufacturing silicon wafers used in photovoltaic (PV) modules. Also, rural Egypt is considered market a gap for investors, due to low local competition, and numerous remote areas that are not connected to the national electricity grid. Nevertheless, there are some obstacles that hinder the progress of solar energy in Egypt; for instance, the lack of local manufacturing capabilities, security, and turbulent market in addition to other challenges. This paper exhibits an experience of the authors designing and installing decentralized PV solar systems, with a total rated power of about 11 kW, installed at two rural villages in at the suburbs of Fayoum city, in addition to a conceptual design of a utility scale, 2 MW, PV power plant to be installed in Kuraymat. The outcomes of this experience asserted that solar PV systems can be a more technically and economically feasible solution for the energy problem in rural villages.

Abdelsalam, Tarek I.; Darwish, Ziad; Hatem, Tarek M.

224

Lead Poisoning in Rural Scotland  

PubMed Central

Nine people from four families living in rural parts of Scotland have been found to suffer from clinical or biochemical effects of lead poisoning. Five had symptoms and four had unequivocal evidence of excessive lead exposure. The source of lead has been traced to the domestic water supply which in all cases was grossly contaminated with lead acquired from lead plumbing systems, including lead storage tanks. Clinical improvement followed the replacement of lead piping in two families studied. Lead poisoning is a possible cause of chronic ill health in areas of plumbosolvent water. PMID:5031206

Beattie, A. D.; Dagg, J. H.; Goldberg, A.; Wang, I.; Ronald, J.

1972-01-01

225

Peritoneal dialysis in rural Australia  

PubMed Central

Background Australians living in rural areas have lower incidence rates of renal replacement therapy and poorer dialysis survival compared with urban dwellers. This study compares peritoneal dialysis (PD) patient characteristics and outcomes in rural and urban Australia. Methods Non-indigenous Australian adults who commenced chronic dialysis between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2010 according to the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) were investigated. Each patient’s residence was classified according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics remote area index as major city (MC), inner regional (IR), outer regional (OR), or remote/very remote (REM). Results A total of 7657 patients underwent PD treatment during the study period. Patient distribution was 69.0% MC, 19.6% IR, 9.5% OR, and 1.8% REM. PD uptake increased with increasing remoteness. Compared with MC, sub-hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] for commencing PD were 1.70 [1.61-1.79] IR, 2.01 [1.87-2.16] OR, and 2.60 [2.21-3.06] REM. During the first 6 months of PD, technique failure was less likely outside MC (sub-hazard ratio 0.47 [95% CI: 0.35-0.62], P?rural areas, PD technique failure is less likely during the first 6 months and time to first peritonitis is comparable to urban areas. Mortality while on PD does not differ by region. PD is therefore a good dialysis modality choice for rural patients in Australia. PMID:24359341

2013-01-01

226

1973 Post Season Rural Manpower Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1973 annual report describes services provided by the Rural Manpower Service (RMS) to 63 Michigan counties. Section I describes the organization of the RMS, and its 2 special projects -- Operation Hitchhike, and the National Migrant Worker Program (formerly the Mobility Facilitator Unit). Section II gives rural area demographic data and…

Michigan State Dept. of Labor, Detroit. Michigan Employment Security Commission.

227

1972 Post Season Rural Manpower Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Services provided by the Rural Manpower Service to 23 Michigan counties were described in this report. Services included those provided by the special projects, Operation Hitchhike and the Mobility Facilitator Unit. Major topics were program highlights, public relations, wages and earnings, rural manpower services, major crops, and employment and…

Michigan State Dept. of Labor, Detroit. Michigan Employment Security Commission.

228

Policy support activities Brazil Rural Energy  

E-print Network

makers implement Electricity Law 10.438 in ways that enable small rural energy enterprises to coexist with distribution utilities. ·The Law, approved in April 2002, dealt with key issues for rural energy enterprises on ·regulation/implementation of Law 10.438 ·modification of related laws and regulation #12;6 First policy

229

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

230

Reconceptualising Child Care in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examining child care services in rural and remote areas conducted focus group interviews and distributed questionnaires to parents living in 15 towns in the Mallee region of Western Victoria (Australia). Barriers to accessing child care in rural areas included limited availability of formal services, costs, stereotypes associated with life…

Morda, Romana; Kapsalakis, Anthoula; Clyde, Margaret

231

Meeting the Needs of Rural Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the gender order that operates in rural areas of Australia, ensuring that women are accorded secondary status, that their contributions are discounted, and that their concerns are trivialized. Women are disadvantaged by patriarchal gender relations that dominate rural society and that are reinforced by ideologies of family and…

Alston, Margaret

232

Reaching Rural Handicapped Children: The Transportation Situation in Rural Service Delivery. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost everyone who responded to three transportation surveys of rural Handicapped Children's Early Education Program (HCEEP) projects identified transportation as a critical problem in the delivery of services to handicapped children in rural areas. Transportation problems encountered were attributed to environmental/geographic factors,…

Tucker, Jamie; And Others

233

Midwestern Rural Adolescents' Oral Sex Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examined the prevalence of oral sexual activity in rural Midwestern adolescents. We also examined the correlates of a series of risk behaviors with oral sexual activity. Methods: A questionnaire based on the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was distributed to 2121 rural middle and high school students in grades 6-12…

Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; Ward, Britney L.; Welch, Philip J.

2011-01-01

234

Determinants of vaccination coverage in rural Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Childhood immunization is a cost effective public health strategy. Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) services have been provided in a rural Nigerian community (Sabongidda-Ora, Edo State) at no cost to the community since 1998 through a privately financed vaccination project (private public partnership). The objective of this survey was to assess vaccination coverage and its determinants in this rural

Olumuyiwa O Odusanya; Ewan F Alufohai; Francois P Meurice; Vincent I Ahonkhai

2008-01-01

235

Risk Communication in Rural Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk communication is a methodology recommended for rural special education professionals who communicate with parents and teachers. Using rural special education examples, the steps of risk-based decision making are described: hazard identification, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management, risk analysis, and risk communication.…

Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah

1997-01-01

236

Rural Poverty Resource Directory. 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains names and contact information for over 50 social scientists who are available for consultation on policy issues related to poverty in rural America. Part I is organized by topics that are relevant to rural poverty policies and legislation. Under each topic heading are the names; university affiliations; addresses; and…

Summers, Gene F., Comp.; And Others

237

Reinventing Rural Sociology: Processes and Substance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes changes in the social contract between society and land grant universities and resulting implications for rural sociology's research, teaching, and extension agenda. Traces the legislative, academic, and social contexts of these changes. Suggests new organizational and networking strategies for rural sociology that will foster new…

Zuiches, James J.

1994-01-01

238

Rural-Urban Partnering in Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive television was used to deliver instruction on advanced cardiac life support to rural health care providers. The partnership between rural and urban hospitals enabled the provision of high-quality, cost-effective continuing education to geographically isolated populations. (SK)

Malay, Michael E.; Moore, Jayne F.

2002-01-01

239

Aging in Italy: Urban–rural differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban and rural living environments play a key role in social gerontology. The aim of this paper is to examine urban–rural differences in Italy against some influencing key factors as well as to analyse whether these differences can be explained by the environmental setting or the age and, in some cases, the education of its elderly population. The study is

Fiorella Marcellini; Cinzia Giuli; Cristina Gagliardi; Roberta Papa

2007-01-01

240

Telepsychiatry for Treating Rural American Indian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of all of the medical specialties, child and adolescent psychiatry has the most severe shortage of practitioners. This shortage is even more pronounced in economically disadvantaged and rural areas. The American Indian population is younger, more economically disadvantaged, and more rural than the general U.S. population (United States Census…

Savin, Daniel; Garry, Mark T.; Zuccaro, Paula; Novins, Douglas

2006-01-01

241

Rural School Children Picturing Family Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rurality is an active agent and central to the lived experiences of children growing up on a farm and attending a farm school. It is a key to their everyday experiences, and influences family life, schooling and their future. Previous studies elsewhere in the world have explored the notion of childhood in rural contexts, but there is a dearth of…

de Lange, Naydene; Olivier, Tilla; Geldenhuys, Johanna; Mitchell, Claudia

2012-01-01

242

Education For Social Work In Rural Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social problems should be attacked as a totality. Yet, many of the problems of rural areas result from current concern for urban difficulties to the exclusion of an equal concern for nonurban situations. Social workers who are involved in rural areas and their problems should have the following skills: (1) sensitivity to minority and ethnic…

Ginsberg, Leon H.

243

Collaboration between Rural Schools and a University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools have often lacked sufficient resources to acquire training, consultant, and evaluative services. The expertise of faculty in university teacher and administrator training programs has been largely untapped. This is primarily because of a lack of programs linking rural schools with the university faculties that might provide needed…

Kennedy, Robert L.; And Others

244

Summer Programming in Rural Communities: Unique Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past several decades, child poverty rates have been higher in rural than in urban areas, and now 2.5 million children live in deep poverty in rural America. Studies indicate that poor children are most affected by the typical "summer slide." Summer programming has the ability to address the issues of academic loss, nutritional loss, and…

Phillips, Ruthellen; Harper, Stacey; Gamble, Susan

2007-01-01

245

NATIONAL SURVEY OF RURAL HEALTH CLINICS  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Survey of Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) was conducted as an effort to obtain up-to-date on the characteristics and operations of RHCs nationally and the federal Office of Rural Health Policy commissioned this survey of RHCs. The RHC Program is one of the oldest health ...

246

Black Rural Land Decline in the South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that it is widely accepted that millions of blacks who migrated from the South contributed significantly to the decline of black rural land ownership. However, the less than altruistic behavior patterns of land officials has also contributed to the loss of rural land by blacks. (Author/AM)

McGee, Leo; Boone, Robert

1977-01-01

247

Rural Idaho Family Physicians' Scope of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Scope of practice is an important factor in both training and recruiting rural family physicians. Purpose: To assess rural Idaho family physicians' scope of practice and to examine variations in scope of practice across variables such as gender, age and employment status. Methods: A survey instrument was developed based on a literature…

Baker, Ed; Schmitz, David; Epperly, Ted; Nukui, Ayaka; Miller, Carissa Moffat

2010-01-01

248

Selected Health Practices Among Ohio's Rural Residents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a stratified random sample of 12 of Ohio's 88 counties, this 1967 study had as its objectives (1) to measure the level of participation in selected health practices by Ohio's rural residents, (2) to compare the level of participation in selected health practices of farm and rural nonfarm residents, and (3) to examine levels of participation…

Phillips, G. Howard; Pugh, Albert

249

Educating Practitioners for Integrative Rural Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguably, living and working in rural communities can pose significant challenges for human service practitioners--challenges that are different from those encountered by their urban counterparts. Human services employers, like many other employers in rural areas, have difficulty in recruiting and retaining staff. There is now considerable…

Chenoweth, Lesley

2004-01-01

250

Profile of rural female headed households.  

PubMed

The author presents a profile of rural households headed by women in India, using data from the 1987-1988 Employment and Unemployment Survey. Comparisons between female-headed and other types of rural households are made in terms of household size, land owned and cultivated, use of hired agricultural labor, and household consumption. PMID:12285791

Padmanabhan, M

1990-11-01

251

Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries  

E-print Network

Accuracy Requirements for Rural Land Parcel Boundaries Kristin M. Stock School of Planning to a questionnaire addressing issues associated with accuracy requirements, rather than asking landowners what accuracy they require directly, there is some indication that rural landowners require land boundary

Stock, Kristin

252

Job Displacement and the Rural Worker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High rates of unemployment in rural areas poses questions as what education can do with the problem. This report examines the effects of rural American economies as they grow away from agriculture and toward dependence on manufacturing and service industries. Using data from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics' Displaced Worker Survey, the…

Podgursky, Michael

253

Applications of Technology in Rural School Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools often have difficulty in developing and implementing a 21st century, K-12 technology plan. This report describes one rural school district's (Wayne, Nebraska) successful efforts at technology integration. It discusses the efforts of installing 25 networked computers in the local high school, linking buildings with fiber-optic cables,…

Jensen, Dennis

254

Community outreach: rural mobile health unit.  

PubMed

With the increased emphasis on cost containment, hospital administrators are investigating community outreach projects to remain economically viable. The authors describe the planning and implementation of a mobile health unit for rural elderly residents. This project represents an alternative model of healthcare delivery in a rural area with limited resources and healthcare providers. PMID:8968323

Alexy, B B; Elnitsky, C A

1996-12-01

255

Training for Agriculture and Rural Development--1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighteen papers about education, training, and extension in rural areas of the developing world are presented in this 1975 journal published jointly by three United Nations agencies closely concerned with education and rural development: Food and Agriculture Organization; Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization; International Labor…

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (Italy).

256

Postgrad Education for Rural Family Practice  

PubMed Central

In this article, the author sketches the rural family-practice setting and outlines the postgraduate educational needs of rural family physicians. He then identifies some of the problems and deficiencies that currently exist and puts forward some recommendations. PMID:21253168

Rourke, James

1988-01-01

257

Obesity and Physical Inactivity in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context and Purpose: Obesity and physical inactivity are common in the United States, but few studies examine this issue within rural populations. The present study uses nationally representative data to study obesity and physical inactivity in rural populations. Methods: Data came from the 1998 National Health Interview Survey Sample Adult and…

Patterson, Paul Daniel; Moore, Charity G.; Probst, Janice C.; Shinogle, Judith Ann

2004-01-01

258

Development of Infrastructure for Rural Prosperity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Despite significant advancement in industrial development, Indian economy is dependent on agrobased activities. Over 70% of the population living in rural areas is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. A majority of these families spend over 90% of their earnings on basic needs such as food, fuel and health care. Over 50% of the rural families who are not

N. G. Hegde

259

Rural Youth Education Project: First Wave  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the Center for Rural Pennsylvania contracted with Pennsylvania State University to begin a longitudinal study of rural Pennsylvania school students to understand their future aspirations, the factors influencing these aspirations, whether their plans change as they age, and if they attain their goals and plans. The main research questions…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, 2006

2006-01-01

260

Rural Youth Education Project: Second Wave  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, the Center for Rural Pennsylvania contracted with Pennsylvania State University to begin a longitudinal study of rural Pennsylvania school students to understand their educational and career aspirations and the factors influencing their aspirations, whether their plans change as they age and if they attain their goals. In its entirety,…

McLaughlin, Diane K.; Demi, Mary Ann; Curry, Alisha; Snyder, Anastasia R.

2009-01-01

261

Developing a Rural Teacher Education Curriculum Package  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper documents the development of a new website (www.rrrtec.net.au) specifically designed to better equip teacher educators to prepare graduates to teach in rural and regional communities. The two year study (2009-2011) that informed the website's creation included three data sources: A literature review of research into rural teacher…

White, Simone; Kline, Jodie

2012-01-01

262

Child Adoption in Contemporary Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative information from in-depth interviews and quantitative data from a survey of 425 adoptive families conducted in summer 2001 in rural China, this study attempts to explain the social and demographic patterns of adoption and investigate the roles of the State and families in adoption processes in contemporary rural China. Within…

Zhang, Weiguo

2006-01-01

263

Rural Poverty & Education: A Foundational Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1991, after 25 workers died in a fire in a rural North Carolina poultry-processing plant, reporters exposed the exploitation that workers had endured and the company's callous disregard for workers' safety. This paper draws on the story of the fire and its victims to challenge some popular assumptions about poverty in general; rural poverty in…

Books, Sue

264

Internationalizing Rural Sociology: Training - Practice - Recruitment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of publications designed to disseminate information concerned with international agricultural development, this occupational study on improvement of training of high-talent manpower is presented to serve rural sociology both in the United States and the rest of the world by reporting research on the profession of rural sociology.…

Taylor, Lee; And Others

265

Preliminary Findings on Rural Homelessness in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is designed to present preliminary findings from the first comprehensive study of rural homelessness in the United States. The study was conducted during the first 6 months of 1990, and data were collected from interviews with 921 homeless adults in 21 randomly selected rural counties in Ohio. The sample counties represent 26% of the…

First, Richard J.; And Others

266

Challenges and Changes Faced by Rural Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was designed to build grounded theory about the challenges faced by rural superintendents. Participating rural superintendents identified five areas that presented a challenge but that also applied to superintendents in other settings: school law, finance, personnel, government mandates, and district or board policies. Further,…

Lamkin, Marcia L.

2006-01-01

267

Rural Community Service Coordinator Program Interim Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an early assessment of the Rural Community Service Coordinator Program (RCSCP), organized by the University of Missouri Extension Service using funds from the federal Food Security Act of 1985. Five full-time coordinators were named by area mental health officials to help rural people cope with despair and emotional disturbances caused by…

Heffernan, William D.; Heffernan, Judith Bortner

268

rom urban downtown Portland to rural north-  

E-print Network

rom urban downtown Portland to rural north- ern Idaho and western Montana, subbasin plans. "Urban areas have a contribution to make," he said. "We're at the bottom of a giant watershed; what we do to a contributor to natural resource management." Meanwhile, in rural northern Idaho, the Kootenai Tribe has been

269

PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Rural & urban landscape  

E-print Network

1 PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Rural & urban landscape ecology programme group Introduction Kevin Watts The purpose of the rural and urban landscape ecology group (ruLE) is to conduct and manage agendas (including habitat networks and urban greening). In this issue we highlight work on four current

270

Rural and Urban Teaching Experiences: Narrative Expressions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative exploration of rural and urban teaching experiences encapsulates the experiences of 8 Western Canadian teachers. A literature review outlines the benefits and challenges of rural and urban education. Stemming from narrative inquiry data, I present the study's results in the form of two composite stories, which depict the lived…

Preston, Jane P.

2012-01-01

271

Needs of Rural Schools Regarding HIV Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews problems related to sexual activity among rural U.S. teenagers, successes and failures of teen sex education programs, and problems and needs specific to rural areas. In a recent poll, 89% of adults favored sex education in the schools and 73% supported making birth control information and contraceptives available in school…

Helge, Doris

272

A Conversation on Rural Health Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wayne Myers, director of the Office of Rural Health Policy, discusses Appalachian rural health and access to health care. The health manpower shortage in Central Appalachia still exists but is less severe than 10 years ago. The needs of underserved areas could be address by training local people in the community and through telemedicine and…

Myers, Wayne; Russell, Jack; Baldwin, Fred D.

1999-01-01

273

Biotech Tradeoffs in the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Synthesizes findings with personal estimates of likely impacts of biotechnology on nonmetropolitan economy, farming, public research institutions. Indicates biotechnology's benefit to rural America may come in expanded demand for raw materials although drawbacks may include declining farm numbers and displacement of rural workers in…

Buttel, Frederick H.

1987-01-01

274

Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a broader study considering effects of welfare reform on households in rural areas. This report describes the findings of qualitative research, which examined welfare reform implementation and availability of services in 12 rural communities in Alabama, Arkansas, California, and Maine. The study sites were diverse in terms of…

Pindus, Nancy M.

275

Skill Development for Volunteering in Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the skills required of volunteers in the voluntary sector organisations that operate in three rural Tasmanian communities. It reports how volunteers acquire those skills and reveals the challenges faced by voluntary sector organisations in rural communities whose industries and, following from this, community members have a…

Kilpatrick, Sue; Stirling, Christine; Orpin, Peter

2010-01-01

276

Clinical Decision Making of Rural Novice Nurses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop substantive theory regarding decision making by the novice nurse in a rural hospital setting. Interviews were guided by the following research questions: What cues were used by novice rural registered nurses in order to make clinical decisions? What were the sources of feedback which influenced subsequent…

Seright, Teresa J.

2010-01-01

277

Influencia del talento del empresario y del tipo de página web en los resultados empresariales para las casas de turismo rural en Espańa  

Microsoft Academic Search

El Turismo rural ha alcanzado un auge muy fuerte en Espańa e internet se ha convertido en una herramienta vital en el sector. En este trabajo se persigue: 1) analizar la importancia del talento del empresario en la implantación de páginas web; 2) examinar la influencia de este talento y de las características de la página web sobre los resultados

Jannine Waleska; Nieto Arias; Rosa María; Hernández Maestro; Pablo A. Muńoz Gallego

278

PREVALENCIA Y FACTORES ASOCIADOS AL ASMA EN NIŃOS DE 5 A 14 AŃOS DE UN ÁREA RURAL DEL SUR DEL PERÚ  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Objetivos. Determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al asma en nińos de 5 a 14 ańos de una zona rural en la provincia de Ica, Perú. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en nińos de 5 a 14 ańos del distrito de Santiago, Ica, en el ańo 2004. Se visitaron a las madres de los nińos

César V. Munayco; Jesús Arana; Julio Torres-Chang; Luis Saravia; M. Gabriela Soto-Cabezas

2009-01-01

279

Una obra uruguaya en Madrid  

E-print Network

SPRING 1986 103 Una obra uruguaya en Madrid Entre el 12 y el 15 de septiembre se ofrecieron al publico madrileńo en el Centro Cultural de la Villa seis representaciones de Retrato de seńora, con espejo (Vida y pasión de Margarita Xirgu). Este... sido una de las alumnas predilectas de Margarita Xirgu. Esta obra, previamente montada con éxito en Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Asunción y Barcelona, en Madrid ha sido un verdadero fracaso de taquilla, probablemente en gran medida porque ha coincidido...

Blaylock, Curtis

1986-04-01

280

Influence of Industrialization in the Campinas Rural Region.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Campinas region of Brazil was studied to determine if the introduction of industrial plants in rural areas influenced the life of the rural population. The purpose of this study was to obtain an insight into the manner by which the industrialization influence is functioning in the Campinas rural area. The region and its rural population were…

Ferrari, Alfonso Trujillo

281

The Rural Texas Environment: A Profile of Stressors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaire data from 168 rural residents of Atacosa, Cass, Freestone, Scurry, and Upton counties, 153 health and human services providers and interviews with 125 residents of 25 rural communities identified and described stressors in the rural Texas environment. Rural Texans viewed economic problems (money, lack of jobs, poverty, working…

Mountain, Karen; and Others

282

Skills and Requirements of Rural Human Service Organisations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature identified social, cultural, and work-related issues that may affect the retention and selection of qualified human services staff in rural areas. A survey of 60 rural professionals and follow-up interviews examined attitudes toward living in rural areas, skills required by rural human services organizations, and gaps in…

Sacco, Marise

283

State Council Resolutions on Further Strengthening Rural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several resolutions on strengthening work in rural education have been made in order to accelerate development of rural education in China, deepen reform of rural education, guarantee a well-off society, and harmonize rural and urban development. This article presents a detailed plan of actions for each resolution. The resolutions are enumerated…

Chinese Education and Society, 2005

2005-01-01

284

Rural Communities: Human and Symbolic Capital Development, Fields Apart.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the nature of rurality as a social construct and implications for policymakers considering lifelong education in developed economies of the world. Discussion focuses on three key questions: (1) what is rurality?; (2) what effect has rurality on cultural identity; and (3) what are rural and urban young people's perceptions of formal…

Atkin, Chris

2003-01-01

285

Gender and Rural Employment: A View from Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper focuses on women employment in rural areas and its impacts in food security. The presentation includes data on rural women employment and its different labour strategies: temporary work, non agriculture rural employment and permanent rural employment. Poverty alleviation and its impact on families as well as implications in the economic…

Ballara, Marcela

2007-01-01

286

Rural Community Colleges Developing Perceptions of Self-Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America, in direct competition with growing suburban and urban America, has struggled to maintain a high quality of life. Rural out-migration levels are high, as are poverty and illiteracy rates. Rural community colleges have worked to defend and expand opportunities in rural settings, yet face their own challenges tied to resources,…

Miller, Michael T.; Tuttle, Courtney C.

2006-01-01

287

America's Forgotten Children: Child Poverty in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report draws on research, statistics, and the voices of rural young people to document the extent and causes of rural child poverty, and related problems and reasons for hope in specific focus areas. About 2.5 million rural children are chronically poor. Rural poverty is concentrated in central Appalachia, the deep South, the U.S.-Mexican…

Nadel, Wendy; Sagawa, Shirley

288

Quality of Diabetes Mellitus Care by Rural Primary Care Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To explore the relationship between degree of rurality and glucose (hemoglobin A1c), blood pressure (BP), and lipid (LDL) control among patients with diabetes. Methods: Descriptive study; 1,649 patients in 205 rural practices in the United States. Patients' residence ZIP codes defined degree of rurality (Rural-Urban Commuting Areas…

Tonks, Stephen A.; Makwana, Sohil; Salanitro, Amanda H.; Safford, Monika M.; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Curry, William; Estrada, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

289

Rural Health Care Delivery: Hard Times, Hard Changes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America is undergoing rapid and confusing change which impacts on the role of rural health educators and practitioners. Although rural life has been romanticized, rural areas have emergencies and accidents remote from professional assistance, occupational diseases, high infant and maternal mortality rates, and the same high incidence of…

McLaughlin, Judith

290

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans  

E-print Network

Global Climate Change: Opinions and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans 2008 Nebraska Rural Poll that they understand the issue of global climate change either fairly or very well. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe climate change is already happening. #12;Most rural Nebraskans believe that our actions contribute

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

291

Rural Sociological Research in the South: An Historical Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper identifies and describes development of rural sociological research in the southern United States. It traces the emergence of rural sociology as a discipline from recognition of problems of rural life in the early 1900's, points out that the northern United States predominated in early research, and discusses why early rural

Bertrand, Alvin L.

292

DENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ALTHOUGH DENTAL PROBLEMS ARE COMMON IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS, RURAL CHILDREN SEEM TO HAVE MORE DIFFICULTIES. THE REASONS FOR THIS APPEAR TO BE THAT THERE ARE FEWER DENTISTS PER CAPITA IN RURAL AREAS, AND THAT THE RURAL CHILD IS USUALLY EXPOSED TO A WATER SYSTEM LACKING FLUORIDATION, WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF ADMINISTERING FLUORIDES.…

DONNELLY, CHARLES J.

293

Digital Development in Rural Areas: Potentials and Pitfalls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on rural-urban differences in access to telecommunications technology suggest that the U.S. "digital divide" is diminishing. However, major shortcomings in telecommunications infrastructure persist in rural America, and more serious barriers to rural development are related to human capital shortages. These may be resolved in some rural areas…

Malecki, Edward J.

2003-01-01

294

Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality  

E-print Network

Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality Ximing Wu,* Jeffrey M. Perloff and transfer programs on the evolution of income inequality for rural and urban areas by state from 1981 and rural areas. Most importantly, taxes are more effective in redistributing income in urban than in rural

Perloff, Jeffrey M.

295

Urban-Rural Disparities in Injury Mortality in China, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Urban-rural disparity is an important issue for injury control in China. Details of the urban-rural disparities in fatal injuries have not been analyzed. Purpose: To target key injury causes that most contribute to the urban-rural disparity, we decomposed total urban-rural differences in 2006 injury mortality by gender, age, and cause.…

Hu, Guoqing; Baker, Susan P.; Baker, Timothy D.

2010-01-01

296

Toward a More Holistic Evaluation Approach for Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion on and development of a holistic evaluation approach for rural development will be indispensable to improving and enriching the lives of rural people. This approach can be developed by considering the conceptualization of community policy structure in rural areas, the localization of policy structure in the rural community, and the…

Miyoshi, Koichi

2013-01-01

297

Rural-Specific Concerns and Strategies in the Budget Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, rural students represent about a quarter of all students attending public school; nearly a third of all schools are located in rural areas. Those rural schools and students have a number of unique characteristics and needs. For example, the smaller size of many rural schools and districts can sometimes lead to per-pupil expenditures…

Johnson, Jerry; Malhoit, Greg; Shope, Shane

2012-01-01

298

"If Only Someone Had Told Me ...": Lessons from Rural Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Health care providers face challenges in rural service delivery due to the unique circumstances of rural living. The intersection of rural living and health care challenges can create barriers to care that providers may not be trained to navigate, resulting in burnout and high turnover. Through the exploration of experienced rural

Chipp, Cody; Dewane, Sarah; Brems, Christiane; Johnson, Mark E.; Warner, Teddy D.; Roberts, Laura W.

2011-01-01

299

From measuring the rural to the rural made to measure: social representations in perspective.  

PubMed

The founding myth of rural sociology established an opposition between countryside and cities, classifying these notions as separate spatial and social realities. In the last two decades, an idyllic and divinized image of the rural has been constructed, especially in countries from the European Union. What reasons have conspired to foster this new appreciation of the rural? Is there a mutually accepted, recurring meaning between the way this new discourse about the rural is created in Europe and in other countries? This study aims to explore some of the contradictions associated with what the authors call the emergence of a rural "made to measure" in a context marked by post-productivism and the increasing weight of post-materialist values, taking social representations of the rural as the focus of the analysis. PMID:25055320

dos Anjos, Flávio Sacco; Caldas, Nádia Velleda

2014-01-01

300

Rural health nursing research review: global perspectives.  

PubMed

The CINAHL and MEDLINE databases were used to conduct a review of international rural nursing research published between 2003 and 2007. In total, 41 articles were reviewed and organized based on the United Nations Human Development Index, which categorizes countries based on development status. Critical review of international rural nursing research yielded three major organizational themes: clinical issues, aspects of nursing practice, and nursing and health policy research. Despite the variety in international locale of the research, these themes and other common findings emerged. The need for increased access to specialized nursing knowledge, resources, and support is an ongoing issue facing nurses in rural and remote settings. PMID:18709754

Greiner, Doris S; Glick, Doris F; Kulbok, Pamela A; Mitchell, Emma McKim

2008-01-01

301

COHERENT DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ECONOMY, ECOLOGY AND ENERGY County-level Integrated Rural Energy Development Has Achieved Obvious Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analysis the rural energy development program and its economic background, points out that the input of different types of energy is necessary for developing rural economy and that China has achieved soundly environmental benefit in rural energy development. On the basis of the trial work in 18 counties successfully conducted integrated rural energy development during 1983 to 1990.

Deng Keyun

1994-01-01

302

Rural Youth in Asia. Report of the CCA Rural Youth Study Group (Sibu, Malaysia, March 14-19, 1976).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical causes of rural poverty and general recommendations for work among rural youth in India, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are presented in this summary of national reports given before the Rural Youth Study Group in 1976. In addition to study papers on each country, the volume contains an introduction on rural youth and…

1977

303

Raising Aspirations of New York State's Rural Youth. A Resource Book of Successful Programs and Strategies for Rural School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Education Advisory Committee, established in 1990 by the New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, was asked to identify and disseminate information on raising the aspirations and increasing educational opportunities for rural students. An examination of effective rural New York school districts led to identification of…

Metis Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

304

Rural electric cooperatives IRP survey  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the integrated resource planning (IRP) practices of US rural electric cooperatives and the IRP policies which influence these practices. It was prepared by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and its subcontractor Garrick and Associates to assist the US Department of Energy (DOE) in satisfying the reporting requirements of Title 1, Subtitle B, Section 111(e)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), which states: (e) Report--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary (of the US Department of Energy) shall transmit a report to the President and to the Congress containing--(the findings from several surveys and evaluations, including:); (3) a survey of practices and policies under which electric cooperatives prepare IRPs, submit such plans to REA, and the extent to which such integrated resource planning is reflected in rates charged to customers.

Garrick, C. [Garrick and Associates, Morrison, CO (United States)

1995-11-01

305

Frailty among rural elderly adults  

PubMed Central

Background This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and associated factors related to frailty, by Fried criteria, in the elderly population in a rural area in the Andes Mountains, and to analyze the relationship of these with comorbidity and disability. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken involving 1878 participants 60 years of age and older. The frailty syndrome was diagnosed based on the Fried criteria (weakness, low speed, low physical activity, exhaustion, and weight loss). Variables were grouped as theoretical domains and, along with other potential confounders, were placed into five categories: (a) demographic and socioeconomic status, (b) health status, (c) self-reported functional status, (d) physical performance-based measures, and (e) psychosocial factors. Chi-square, ANOVA, and multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to test the prognostic value of frailty for the outcomes of interest. Results The prevalence of frailty was 12.2%. Factors associated with frailty were age, gender, health status variables that included self-perceived health and number of chronic conditions, functional covariate variables that included disability in activities in daily living (ADL), disabilities in instrumental ADL, chair stand time, and psychosocial variables that included depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment. Higher comorbidity and disability was found in frail elderly people. Only a subset of frail elderly people (10%) reported no disease or disability. Conclusions A relevant number of elderly persons living in rural areas in the Andes Mountains are frail. The prevalence of frailty is similar to that reported in other populations in the Latin American region. Our results support the use of modified Cardiovascular Health Study criteria to measure frailty in communities other than urban settings. Frailty in this study was strongly associated with comorbidities, and frailty and comorbidity predicted disability. PMID:24405584

2014-01-01

306

Doctoral Researchin Rural Education and the Rural R&D Menu  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed abstracts of 196 doctoraldissertations completed during 1989-1993, using The Rural Education Re­ search,and Development,Menu developedjointly by the Appalachia Educational Laboratory and membersofthe rural education special interest groupofthe AmericanEducationalResearch Association. Categories from the menu,were used to categorize issues investigated by the dissertations. Overall schooleffectiveness was the topic to which dissertations were mostfrequently assigned, whereas the~se of(advancedelectronic) technology in rural

Hobart L. Harmon; John R. Sanders

1996-01-01

307

A Comparison of Mental Health, Substance Use, and Sexual Risk Behaviors Between Rural and Non-Rural Transgender Persons  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to compare the mental health, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors of rural and non-rural transgender persons. Online banner advertisements were used to recruit 1,229 self-identified rural and non-rural transgender adults (18+ years) residing in the United States. Primary findings include significant differences in mental health between rural and non-rural transmen; relatively low levels of binge drinking across groups, although high levels of marijuana use; and high levels of unprotected sex among transwomen. The results confirm that mental and physical health services for transgender persons residing in rural areas are urgently needed. PMID:24380580

HORVATH, KEITH J.; IANTAFFI, ALEX; SWINBURNE-ROMINE, REBECCA; BOCKTING, WALTER

2014-01-01

308

Rural transport in peripheral rural areas : The role of social enterprises in meeting the needs of rural citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of a rural-based, social enterprise organising rural transportation to improve access to remote areas. It highlights the very important impacts of such a service for local residents and describes some of the challenges threatening the long-term sustainability of this local initiative. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study includes both quantitative

Mary OShaughnessy; Enda Casey; Patrick Enright

2011-01-01

309

Is Australian rural practice changing? Findings from the National Rural General Practice Study.  

PubMed

The National Rural General Practice Study (NRGPS) was the first comprehensive national study covering rural and remote general practitioners throughout Australia. It was undertaken in 1996-1997 and drew on data from existing sources such as the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, together with a postal survey of general practitioners in rural and remote areas. There was a 75% response rate to the survey, which covered professional issues, personal and social issues, personal background, patient issues, recruitment and retention programs and changing health services. Overall, the study findings confirmed those of previous individual State-based studies in the early 1990s and showed that there had been some changes since those previous studies. In particular, access to continuing medical education has improved, the rural medical workforce appears to be ageing, the proportion of women rural doctors is increasing and the projected length of stay in rural practice is decreasing. Whereas in the early 1990s the projection for rural doctor numbers was continuing decline, the NRGPS projected overall numbers in rural practice as staying approximately the same over the next 5 years. In the light of these trends, the challenge is to implement targeted initiatives that improve the recruitment and retention of rural and remote general practitioners. PMID:11894289

Strasser, R P; Hays, R B; Kamien, M; Carson, D

2000-08-01

310

IMPROVED URBAN-RURAL LINKAGES AS AN EU RURAL DEVELOPMENT PO LIC Y MEASURE  

E-print Network

In EU discourses, urban-rural linkages are usually constructed from an urban perspective, with rural areas conceptualised as residuals between dynamic urban growth nodes. References to urban-rural linkages, where in evidence, have generally been confined to the domain of Spatial planning and Cohesion policy. However, the Commission’s recent communication, ‘The CAP towards 2020 ’ (European Commission 2010), proposes improving the links between rural and urban areas as a means of contributing to the balanced territorial development of rural areas. This instrument from Spatial planning and Cohesion policy with the wider aims of regional and societal development becomes dedicated to providing benefits to rural areas. The more territorial aspects of the CAP to date have been addressed in its ‘second pillar ’ and have focused on: improving the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector; improving the environment and the countryside; improving the quality of life in rural areas and encouraging diversification of the rural economy; and building local capacity for employment and diversification (European Council 2006). CA P towards 2020 suggests that there is still much support for a rural development policy that continues to contribute to:

Hilary Talbot; Paul Courtney; Intro Duction

311

Telmaco Talavera Siles Presidente CNU / Rector UNA  

E-print Network

CONTENT #12;Strategically Located Between North and South America #12;Source: INIDE, Population Estimates : Cordoba (C$22.43 x US$1 ­ 2011 average) Poverty : 50% of the total population 70% of the rural population of the Poverty Reduction Strategy · Economical growth with emphasis in the rural sector. · Investment in human

312

Financially fragile rural hospitals: mergers and closures.  

PubMed

Rural hospitals serve as major sources of health care and employment for their communities, but recently they have been under increased financial stress. What are the causes of this stress, and how have hospitals and their communities responded? PMID:25621479

Holmes, Mark

2015-01-01

313

Better rural churches through architectural planning  

E-print Network

The purpose of this thesis is to show that Protestant rural churches can be batter churches by combining religious and sociological planning with proper architectural planning. Architectural planning as presented in this thesis is a technique...

Robinson, K. Frank

2012-06-07

314

Rural energy - ODA`s perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Overseas Development Administration has as a goal `to improve the quality of life of people in poorer countries by contributing to sustainable development and reducing poverty and suffering.` Rural energy fits into this goal as a means to an end. The emphasis is firmly on the service provided, with the aim being provision of basic needs as a part of rural development. ODA plays a role in this task on a number of fronts: research and development; support for NGO`s; aid in a bilateral or multilateral form. The view of ODA is that even rural energy projects must emphasize the service provided and must be economically sustainable. Within its sphere of influence, there is a clearly growing position for the employment of rural energy programs.

Woolnough, D.

1997-12-01

315

Rural health care support mechanism. Final rule.  

PubMed

In this document, the Federal Communications Commission reforms its universal service support program for health care, transitioning its existing Internet Access and Rural Health Care Pilot programs into a new, efficient Healthcare Connect Fund. This Fund will expand health care provider access to broadband, especially in rural areas, and encourage the creation of state and regional broadband health care networks. Access to broadband for medical providers saves lives while lowering health care costs and improving patient experiences. PMID:23476995

2013-03-01

316

TURISMO IDIOMÁTICO EN EL MEDIO RURAL: UNA PROPUESTA PARA SU DESARROLLO Y COMERCIALIZACIÓN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Miles de personas se desplazan a Espańa cada ańo para sumergirse en su lengua y su cultura. Puesto que esta actividad utiliza los servicios propios del turismo tradicional es considerada un tipo de turismo denominado turismo de idiomas o turismo idiomático. En Espańa existen destinos especializados fuertemente consolidados, frecuentemente urbanos y relacionados con universidades y zonas costeras. Los cambios en

Ana María Campón Cerro; José Manuel Hernández Mogollón

2011-01-01

317

Rural background and clinical rural rotations during medical training: effect on practice location  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Providing health care services in rural communities in Canada remains a challenge. What affects a family medicine resident's decision concerning practice location? Does the resident's background or exposure to rural practice during clinical rotations affect that decision? METHODS: Cross-sectional mail survey of 159 physicians who graduated from the Family Medicine Program at Queen's University, Kingston, Ont., between 1977 and 1991. The outcome variables of interest were the size of community in which the graduate chose to practise on completion of training (rural [population less than 10,000] v. nonrural [population 10,000 or more]) and the size of community of practice when the survey was conducted (1993). The predictor or independent variables were age, sex, number of years in practice, exposure to rural practice during undergraduate and residency training, and size of hometown. RESULTS: Physicians who were raised in rural communities were 2.3 times more likely than those from nonrural communities to choose to practise in a rural community immediately after graduation (95% confidence interval 1.43-3.69, p = 0.001). They were also 2.5 times more likely to still be in rural practice at the time of the survey (95% confidence interval 1.53-4.01, p = 0.001). There was no association between exposure to rural practice during undergraduate or residency training and choosing to practise in a rural community. INTERPRETATION: Physicians who have roots in rural Canada are more likely to practise in rural Canada than those without such a background. PMID:10234346

Easterbrook, M; Godwin, M; Wilson, R; Hodgetts, G; Brown, G; Pong, R; Najgebauer, E

1999-01-01

318

Re-conceptualising rural resources as countryside capital: The case of rural tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commentators tend to agree that the rural resource is becoming increasingly subject to pressures arising from an ever wider range of economic, social, political and environmental influences. This paper focuses on the case of rural tourism in illustrating the advantages of adopting a sustainable development approach to identifying suitable policies and strategic action plans to assist in addressing these increasingly

Brian Garrod; Roz Wornell; Ray Youell

2006-01-01

319

Early Development of Low-Income Rural Appalachian Children. Rural Health Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Appalachian Infant Temperament Project followed a group of 80 low-income rural Appalachian children from birth to kindergarten, focusing on two areas of child development: social/emotional functioning and cognitive skills. Subjects were recruited at a Lincoln County, West Virginia, clinic; all were white; and 73 percent had family…

Fish, Margaret; Jacquet, Ellen; Frye, Hadassah

320

Deregulation and the Structure of Rural Financial Markets. Rural Development Research Report Number 75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in rural financial markets as affected by bank deregulation have a potential impact on rural educational finance, specifically, financial aid programs for students and schools. Banking legislation and regulation changes have aimed to strengthen the industry and to provide consumers with more services and more choices among providers.…

Milkove, Daniel L.; Sullivan, Patrick J.

321

Re-Conceptualising Rural Resources as Countryside Capital: The Case of Rural Tourism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commentators tend to agree that the rural resource is becoming increasingly subject to pressures arising from an ever wider range of economic, social, political and environmental influences. This paper focuses on the case of rural tourism in illustrating the advantages of adopting a sustainable development approach to identifying suitable policies…

Garrod, Brian; Wornell, Roz; Youell, Ray

2006-01-01

322

Toward Rural Prosperity: A State Policy Framework in Support of Rural Community Colleges. Policy Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In six policy areas, states can better equip rural community colleges to serve their communities. In the area of economic and community development, states can use rural community colleges to promote community development efforts and service learning and to provide small business assistance and entrepreneurship education. States can improve access…

Chesson, J. Parker, Jr.; Rubin, Sarah

323

Wireless Broadband Communications Systems in Rural Wisconsin. Rural Research Report. Volume 19, Issue 1, Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a communications system engineering planning process that demonstrates an ability to design and deploy cost-effective broadband networks in low density rural areas. The emphasis in on innovative solutions and systems optimization because of the marginal nature of rural telecommunications infrastructure investments. Otherwise,…

Schlager, Kenneth J.

2008-01-01

324

The Secure Rural Schools Act of 2000: Does It Make Rural Schools Secure?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State budget crises, along with voter-passed initiatives limiting property tax levies, have severely reduced school financing in many states in recent years. Rural schools may be particularly vulnerable in that they are typically less able to generate revenue because funding often is tied to enrollment, rural districts tend to have lower property…

Gebert, Krista M.; Calkin, David E.; Schuster, Ervin G.

2004-01-01

325

Who Is Rural? A Typological Approach to the Examination of Rurality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research attempted to establish the existence or lack of existence of an identifiable "rural culture" and to establish the presence or absence of an equivalence relationship between geographic residence and rural culture. A factor analysis of a wide range of attitudinal questions from the 1977 National Opinion Research Center (NORC) General Social…

Miller, Michael K.; Luloff, Albert E.

326

Population Trends in Rural Downstate Illinois. Rural Research Report. Volume 22, Issue 4, Fall 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural areas are undergoing a significant transition with both opportunities and challenges that will require effective management and investment strategies by all levels of government. Since 2007, the recession has magnified long-term shifts in employment and economic activity, especially in rural areas. The employment structure continues to…

Walzer, Norman; Harger, Brian L.

2011-01-01

327

Rural Health Services Funding: A Resource Guide. Revised Edition. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the collapse of health care services in many rural areas in recent years, rural health care providers are developing new strategies to meet the needs of their communities and are working creatively to maximize resources. Much of that effort has been enhanced with financial and technical assistance from federal, state, and private…

Towner, Sarah R., Comp.

328

Health Communications in Rural America: Lessons Learned from an Arthritis Campaign in Rural Arkansas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Lack of awareness about diseases and associated risk factors could partially account for some rural health disparities. Health communications campaigns can be an effective means of increasing awareness in these areas. Purpose: To review findings and lessons learned from a rural health communications campaign. Methods: The health…

Balamurugan, Appathurai; Rivera, Mark; Sutphin, Kim; Campbell, Debbie

2007-01-01

329

Understanding Contexts of Family Violence in Rural, Farming Communities: Implications for Rural Women's Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on family violence in rural communities in Australia and Canada has shown that women's experience of family violence is shaped by social and cultural factors. Concern for economic security and inheritance for children, closeness and belonging, and values of family unity and traditional gender roles are factors in rural communities that…

Wendt, Sarah; Hornosty, Jennie

2010-01-01

330

Rural background and clinical rural rotations during medical training: effect on practice location  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Providing health care services in rural communities in Canada re- mains a challenge. What affects a family medicine resident's decision concern- ing practice location? Does the resident's background or exposure to rural prac- tice during clinical rotations affect that decision? Methods: Cross-sectional mail survey of 159 physicians who graduated from the Family Medicine Program at Queen's University, Kingston, Ont.,

Mark Easterbrook; Marshall Godwin; Ruth Wilson; Geoffrey Hodgetts; Glenn Brown; Raymond Pong; Edward Najgebauer

331

Science and Technology of Rural Transport System. Teaching of Science and Technology in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most science curriculum innovations seem to have their origins and emphases in urban intellectual concerns and their content generally caters to university bound students. The reason for the failure of rural students in science subjects may be the lack of relevancy of the program to the needs of individuals living in rural areas. Chapter 1…

Nagaraj, D. N.; Satheesh, H. L.

332

Land and Landlessness among Rural-to-Rural Migrants in Nepal's Terai Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nepal has been experiencing a permanent rural-to-rural migration of households from the central hill zone to the Terai region. Migrant households, due to the structure of the Terai economy, are impelled to acquire control of land for subsistence agriculture by squatting, purchasing, or receiving a grant. A household's ability to maximize subsistence opportunities is partly a function of the means

Tony Dignan; Kingsley E. Haynes; Dennis Conway; Nanda R. Shrestha

1989-01-01

333

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

334

Rural Sociology in the South: 1972. Proceedings: Rural Sociology Section, Association of Southern Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers presented in this collection are said to represent the major thrusts of research and other scholarly activities of rural sociologists in the South in 1972. Arranged in the order of their presentation at the Rural Sociology Section of the Southern Agricultural Workers meetings, these papers discuss such topics as youth, social change in…

Voland, Maurice E., Ed.

335

Rural Africana. Current Research in the Social Sciences -- No. 17, Rural Health in Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document is one in a series devoted to current research in the social sciences, exploring the problems of social and economic development in rural Africa south of the Sahara. Each issue focuses on a specific problem. This document covers rural health in Africa. The 13 papers are divided into 4 sections: (1) cultural, economic, and political…

Messing, Simon D., Ed.; And Others

336

The Impact of Rural Industries on the Outcomes of Schooling in Rural America. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional relationships between rural and urban areas and the changes brought on by specialized rural industries discussed. The digest reviews work that has investigated the impact of farming, manufacturing, and mining on education. The effect of agricultural activity on academic achievement, especially via vocational agriculture programs,…

Howley, Craig B.

337

Wisconsin Migrant and Rural Services Annual Report, 1975. Annual Rural Manpower Report, MA 5-79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the last four years, Wisconsin's rural manpower program consisted of three program units--Rural Services, Migrant Services, and Teacher Placement Services. These services reported to and were coordinated by the Director of Central Operations. Ongoing shifts in program emphasis and an extensive reorganization of the State Employment Service…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Industry, Labor and Human Relations, Madison.

338

RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY Allison L. Naleway*, Nancy L. Sprince?, Erik R. Svendsen?, Ann M. Stromquist?, James A. Merchant? *Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation, Marshfield, WI; ?University of Iowa Co...

339

Toward the 21st Century: A Rural Education Anthology. Rural School Development Outreach Project. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This anthology focuses on rural education improvement that will prepare students for the 21st century. Articles address issues related to school funding, educational technology, curriculum offerings, state and federal policies, the role of rural teachers and administrators in school reform, cultural diversity, and changing socioeconomic factors in…

Karim, Gordon P., Ed.; Weate, Nathan James, Ed.

340

Omar Grasso, una pasión teatral  

E-print Network

cambiarla. Por eso su crudeza, su indignación, su rabia, como respuesta dramática. Esa fue la vida de Grégor Díaz y toda su obra. Domingo Piga Lima Ornar Grasso, una pasión teatral El telón final ha caído sobre la vida talentosa de un gran hombre de...

Bogado, Ví ctor

2002-04-01

341

Anaerobic digestion in rural China  

SciTech Connect

The People`s Republic of China has been promoting underground, individual, anaerobic digesters to process rural organic materials. This strategy has resulted in approximately five million household anaerobic digesters installed in China today. Simple reactors provide energy and fertilizer for Chinese farms and villages. Another benefit includes improved household sanitation. Reactor design has evolved over time. In the standard modern design, effluent is removed from the reactor at the top of the water column, meaning that supernatant is collected rather than sludge. Additionally, no mixing of the system occurs when effluent is removed. In some systems, a vertical cylindrical pull-rod port is added to the base of the effluent port. Effluent is removed by moving the pull-rod - simply a wooden shaft with a metal disk on the bottom - up and down in the port. A bucket can be placed directly under the pull-rod port, simplifying effluent removal, while the movement of the wooden shaft provides some mixing in the reactor. The gas primarily is used for cooking and lighting. A digester can provide approximately 60 percent of a family`s energy needs. Effluent from the reactors is an odorless, dark colored slurry, primarily used as an agricultural fertilizer. 3 figs.

Henderson, J.P. [City of Vancouver (Canada)

1997-01-01

342

The Rural Context of Illicit Substance Offers: A Study of Appalachian Rural Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Rural adolescents are at risk for early initiation and problematic substance use, but to date few studies have examined the rural context of substance use. To better understand substance offers in the rural context, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 118, 12-19 year old adolescents (M = 13.68, SD = 1.37) from Appalachian, rural school districts in Pennsylvania and Ohio. Interviews elicited stories about substance offer-response episodes including where offers occurred, who offered substances, and how youth gained access to illicit substances. Findings describe the settings in which substance offers and use occur for these rural adolescents and advance prevention efforts for tailoring health messages to this target population.

Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Krieger, Janice; Hecht, Michael L.

2015-01-01

343

Differences in cardiovascular risk factors in rural, urban and rural-to-urban migrants in Peru  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess differences in cardiovascular risk profiles among rural-to-urban migrants and non-migrant groups. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Ayacucho and Lima, Peru Participants rural (n=201); rural-urban migrants (n=589) and urban (n=199). Main outcome measures Cardiovascular risk factors were assessed according to migrant status (migrants vs. non-migrants), age at first migration, length of residency in an urban area and lifetime exposure to an urban area. Results For most risk factors, the migrant group had intermediate levels of risk between those observed for the rural and urban groups. Prevalences, for rural, migrant and urban groups, was 3%, 20% and 33% for obesity and 0.8%, 3% and 6% for type-2 diabetes. This gradient of risk was not observed uniformly across all risk factors. Blood pressure did not show a clear gradient of difference between groups. The migrant group had similar systolic blood pressure (SBP) but lower diastolic blood pressure (DBP) than the rural group. The urban group had higher SBP but similar DBP than rural group. Hypertension was more prevalent among the urban (29%) compared to both rural and migrant groups (11% and 16% respectively). For HbA1c, although the urban group had higher levels, the migrant and rural groups were similar to each other. No differences were observed in triglycerides between the three groups. Within migrants, those who migrated when aged older than 12 years had higher odds of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose and metabolic syndrome compared to people who migrated at younger ages. Adjustment for age, sex and socioeconomic indicators had little impact on the patterns observed. Conclusions The impact of rural to urban migration on cardiovascular risk profile is not uniform across different risk factors, and is further influenced by the age at which migration occurs. A gradient in levels was observed for some risk factors across study groups. This observation indicates that urbanization is indeed detrimental to cardiovascular health. PMID:21478383

Miranda, J. Jaime; Gilman, Robert H.; Smeeth, Liam

2011-01-01

344

The Health of Caregiving Grandmothers: A Rural-Urban Comparison  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of rural versus urban caregiving grandmothers along with their physical and mental health status. Methods A secondary analysis of data produced from the first wave of a longitudinal study of 485 Ohio grandmothers was conducted. Health status was measured using the SF-36 Health Survey and the 20-item CES-D depression scale. Rural-urban classification was made using Rural Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) codes based on resident ZIP codes, identifying 97 rural and 388 urban grandmothers in the sample. Findings The rural and urban grandmothers were similar in age, educational level and employment status; however, 90% of the rural grandmothers compared with 60% of the urban grandmothers were white. Rural grandmothers were most likely to have traditional nonresidential relationships with their grandchildren. Approximately 38% of both the rural and urban grandmothers served as primary caregivers for their grandchildren, but a lower percentage of rural grandmothers lived in multigenerational homes. There was no significant difference between the rural and urban grandmothers in relation to physical or mental health. Among rural grandmothers, primary caregivers had significantly lower levels of mental health compared with the other caregiver groups. Conclusions These findings suggest that rural and urban grandmothers have similar levels of physical and mental health, despite differences in demographics and caregiving arrangements. Health promotion efforts with rural caregiving grandparents are indicated, addressing both mental and physical health. PMID:21729156

Bigbee, Jeri L.; Musil, Carol; Kenski, Diane

2013-01-01

345

Labour migration and rural transformation in Nigeria.  

PubMed

The trends in rural-urban migration in Nigeria responded to changes in political and socioeconomic developments which occurred during the 1980s. Since the 1980s, rural-urban migration trends were rapidly reversed, and migrants returned to rural areas. In 1981, government revenues from oil declined. The oil production and price declines between 1980 and 1986 resulted in a foreign exchange crisis. Import restrictions were imposed, and stabilization measures resulted in scarcities of raw materials and spare parts and declines in industrial capacity. About 50% of import substitution factories went bankrupt. Between 1981 and 1983, about one million workers were estimated to have been laid off, of which 55,000 were federal and state employees. Other estimates indicated one million laid off just in the industrial sector. The government reinforced this urban-rural movement by emphasizing increased food production. In 1992, government wages were increased in order to offset high inflation. In 1986 and 1992, State and Local Government Areas were established as political entities tied to grassroots development; local offices were situated in greater proximity to local populations. In 1986, the objective was to provide infrastructure, promote production, and organize rural areas for development. Several community banks devoted to rural areas were established. Development programs for rural women were initiated. Federal revenue allocations to rural areas increased from 10% to 15%. Inducements were given to attract private formal and informal commerce and industry. The result was less than expected. Obstacles to rural development included the absence of an effective and integrated approach, inadequate funding, and corruption. Provision of good roads and schools did meet objectives and may have induced out-migration. Delays in provision of entitlements exacerbated the ability of return migrants to establish new economic activity. The new political divisions did not conform to demographic or labor market areas. The sudden redistribution of population was difficult for local governments to accommodate. Social adjustment was difficult, and primary education costs were sacrificed at the expense of expanded higher education. PMID:12179891

Onyeonoru, I P

1994-06-01

346

Women and health care in rural Pakistan.  

PubMed

The provision of medical facilities to rural areas is a major objective of development in Pakistan and the government has undertaken several programs to train and deploy auxiliary health workers on a large scale. Programs to train lady health visitors, dispensers and sanitary inspectors, have been in operation for decades and their graduates have a place in the workforce. Currently the Government is developing a Basic Health Program to train auxiliary health workers and to establish a network of rural health facilities throughout the country. The research here reported was meant to help plan this program. The 4 week study was conducted in four districts of the Punjab and North West Frontier Provinces. We first interviewed women patients of rural dispensaries in the four districts to determine their views of their needs and of the constraints of the purdah system when seeking health care. We then interviewed principals of medical colleges and training institutes, who were in a position to assess the availability of women to enter the medical workforce and female mid-level health workers who were currently serving in their posts. Finally, since allopathic medical institutions compete with indigenous medical specialists, we interviewed two hakims and a homeopathic physician to obtain their view of rural health needs, as well as their potential for contributing to a broad based rural health care system. PMID:6867786

Schmidt, R L

1983-01-01

347

Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda  

PubMed Central

Objectives—To describe and contrast injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda. Settings—One rural and one urban community in Uganda. Methods—Community health workers interviewed adult respondents in households selected by multistage sampling, using a standardized questionnaire. Results—In the rural setting, 1673 households, with 7427 persons, were surveyed. Injuries had an annual mortality rate of 92/100 000 persons, and disabilities a prevalence proportion of 0.7%. In the urban setting 2322 households, with 10 982 people, were surveyed. Injuries had an annual mortality rate of 217/100 000, and injury disabilities a prevalence proportion of 2.8%. The total incidence of fatal, disabling, and recovered injuries was 116/1000/year. Leading causes of death were drowning in the rural setting, and road traffic in the city. Conclusion—Injuries are a substantial burden in Uganda, with much higher rates than those in most Western countries. The urban population is at a higher risk than the rural population, and the patterns of injury differ. Interventions to control injuries should be a priority in Uganda. PMID:11289535

Kobusingye, O; Guwatudde, D; Lett, R

2001-01-01

348

SECTION 595 WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO,  

E-print Network

SECTION 595 ­ WRDA 1999, AS AMENDED IDAHO, MONTANA, RURAL NEVADA, NEW MEXICO, RURAL UTAH I.J. of the agreement to increase the program limits for Idaho, rural Nevada, and rural Utah-Federal interests in Idaho, Montana, rural Nevada, New Mexico, rural Utah, and Wyoming pursuant to Section 595

US Army Corps of Engineers

349

Uptake of Free HPV Vaccination among Young Women: A Comparison of Rural versus Urban Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To contrast rates of initial HPV vaccine uptake, offered at no cost, between a rural clinic, a rural community college, and an urban college clinic and to identify rural versus urban differences in uptake of free booster doses. Methods: Young rural women attending rural clinics (n = 246), young women attending a rural community college (n…

Crosby, Richard A.; Casey, Baretta R.; Vanderpool, Robin; Collins, Tom; Moore, Gregory R.

2011-01-01

350

Rural Enterprises, Incorporated report of significant activities and accomplishments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ongoing activities of Rural Enterprises, Inc. are presented. The function of Rural Enterprises is to bring innovation from its rudimentary conceptual stages to useful and productive ends by means of cooperation with government, business, and educational institutions.

1985-01-01

351

Tri-National Agricultural Accord Rural Development Workshop  

E-print Network

/Regional Development: integrate economic, social, and environmental; place based #12;Rural Development: Strategy vs arrangements Municipalities / Municipal Development Corporations Third Sector (co-ops, social, economicTri-National Agricultural Accord Rural Development Workshop Overview of Canadian Provinces April 14

deYoung, Brad

352

78 FR 13935 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...47 CFR Part 54 Rural Health Care Support Mechanism; Final Rule Federal...02-60; FCC 12-150] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal Communications...universal service support program for health care, transitioning its existing Internet...

2013-03-01

353

Return to Old Times: Rural Romanticism in American Education History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the rural-urban dichotomy that regularly surfaces in educational history and argues that a full understanding of the role of cities is needed to overcome a rural romanticism that ill-serves public education policy. (CMG)

Warren, Donald

1984-01-01

354

National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... 10000lb Tractor Home > National Children's Center Home National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety The National Children’s Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety ...

355

Matrix to Identify Candidate Rural Transit Livability Measures Performance Measure  

E-print Network

Matrix to Identify Candidate Rural Transit Livability Measures Performance Measure Restated? Ease of Calculation? Transit Can Influence Measure Directly? Helps Identify Deficiencies In Level Of Transit Service? Measure With Existing Planning Tools? Includes Needs Of Aging And Disabled Rural

356

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2013-07-01

357

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2012-07-01

358

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2010-07-01

359

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2010-10-01

360

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2012-10-01

361

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2011-07-01

362

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2013-10-01

363

36 CFR 242.15 - Rural determination process.  

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2014-07-01

364

50 CFR 100.15 - Rural determination process.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in this process. (5) Community or area characteristics shall...considered in evaluating a community's rural or non-rural... (ii) Development and diversity of the economy; (iii) Community infrastructure;...

2011-10-01

365

77 FR 42185 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...02-60; FCC 12-74] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...responsible basis for specific Rural Health Care Pilot Program participants that...connectivity and the resulting health care benefits that patients...

2012-07-18

366

76 FR 37307 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...02-60; FCC 11-101] Rural Health Care Support Mechanism AGENCY: Federal...discounted services under the rural health care program. Grandfathered providers...but play a key role in delivering health care services to surrounding...

2011-06-27

367

Rural and Urban Hospitals' Role in Providing Inpatient Care, 2010  

MedlinePLUS

... CDC/NCHS, National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2010. How did rural hospital inpatients differ from urban hospital inpatients ... CDC/NCHS, National Hospital Discharge Survey, 2010. How did patients' first-listed diagnoses differ in rural and ...

368

Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China.  

E-print Network

??Using self-collected rural household data in Zhijiang municipality, Hubei province, China, my dissertation addresses three different aspects of rural-urban migration in hinterland China. First, I… (more)

Meng, Lei

2009-01-01

369

Rethinking the nonmetropolitan turnaround: renewed rural growth or extended urbanization?  

E-print Network

was rural, the dominant pattern of urbanization was rural-urban migration. When the majority of the population became urban, the dominant urbanization pattern reversed to urbanrural migration because urban centers had reached beyond their optimal density...

Wang, Xiaodong

2007-04-25

370

Improving collected rainwater quality in rural communities.  

PubMed

The country of Mexico is facing serious problems with water quality and supply for human use and consumption in rural communities, mainly due to topographic and isolation. In Mexico the average annual precipitation is 1,500 cubic kilometers of water, if 3% of that amount were used, 13 million Mexicans could be supplied with drinking water that they currently do not have access. Considering the limited infrastructure and management in rural communities, which do not receive services from the centralized systems of large cities, a modified pilot multi-stage filtration (MMSF) system was designed, developed, and evaluated for treating collected rainwater in three rural communities, Ajuchitlan and Villa Nicolas Zapata (Morelos State) and Xacxamayo (Puebla State). The efficiencies obtained in the treatment system were: colour and turbidity >93%. It is worth mentioning that the water obtained for human use and consumption complies with the Mexican Standard NOM-127-SSA1-1994. PMID:21977666

Garrido, S; Aviles, M; Ramirez, A; Gonzalez, A; Montellano, L; Gonzalez, B; de la Paz, J; Ramirez, R M

2011-01-01

371

Appropriate satellite systems for rural telecommunications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to provide a minimum, basic telecommunications service to as large a segment of the unserved rural population as possible, the system objective should be to place one or a few telephone instruments in as many localities as possible, instead of placing a larger number of subscriber instruments in fewer localities. A high value of satellite figure of merit (G/T) combined with high transponder gain would facilitate the utilization of low transmit power from the earth station; it is claimed that this would be the key to the success of an operational rural telecommunications service via satellite. It is noted that demand assigned SCPC transmission techniques are ideally suited for this service. It is concluded that, for satellite communications to provide minimum basic rural telephone service within a reasonable time span, it will be necessary to employ properly designed high-transfer-gain satellites with large production runs of small low-cost earth stations.

Nickelson, R. L.

372

An earth station design for rural telecommunications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A design for an earth station intended specifically for rural telephony applications is described with a discussion of overall system and satellite parameters. It is noted that higher satellite transfer gain and reduced receiver noise figure allow the use of more economical combinations of antenna size and HPA power in the rural terminal. Small-aperture earth terminals employing 3-meter antennas, 0.2 Watt transmitters, and 100-K low-noise amplifiers, designed using the integrated common equipment SCPC approach, provide substantial cost and power consumption savings over conventional designs. Specific objectives for a prototype development program are established. The integration of a satellite DAMA control system with a telephone exchange specifically designed for a small number of subscribers in a rural environment provides additional cost reduction.

Tustison, G. F.

373

Rural Economy and Land Use Programme  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The rural landscape of England has been greatly transformed over the past few decades, and this particular research initiative based at the University of Newcastle was created in order "to investigate the social, economic, environmental and technological challenges faced by rural areas." Visitors to the site should note the main divisions, which include "Research", "Events", and "Publications/Press". For researchers and scientists, the "Publications/Press" area will be a special treat, as it features briefing papers, annual reports, and their policy series. The topics covered here are quite diverse and recent paper titles include "Eating Biodiversity: An Investigation of the Links Between Quality Food Production and Biodiversity Protection" and "The Role of Regulation in Developing Biological Alternatives to Pesticides". Policy practitioners and others working in the areas of land use planning and rural economic development will want to return to the site and check up on future developments, and it may even help those looking at comparative studies in these areas.

374

Rural Health Care in Texas: The Facts--1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although there exists in the minds of urban Texans the myth that rural life is especially healthy, in fact the mental and physical health of rural Texans is markedly worse than that of urban Texans. If health is defined in terms of environmental, physical, mental, and social factors, it is inaccurate to say that rural residents are receiving…

Knudson, Yvonne, Comp.; And Others

375

Mutually Dependent Relationships between Rural Community Colleges and Their Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The population of rural America has faced changes as the manufacturing industries that once assured jobs for those living in rural areas have moved or closed. Small towns have become smaller as younger residents move away for employment or educational opportunities. As these changes take place rural citizens face increased challenges in the wake…

Betz, Leslie M.

2009-01-01

376

Medicare Graduate Medical Education Funding and Rural Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the importance of medical residents to rural hospitals, and to predict the possible effect of reductions in Medicare graduate medical education (GME) payments, data from Medicare hospital cost reports and from a telephone survey of rural hospitals with residency programs are analyzed. In prospective payment system year 11,70 rural hospitals received more than $80 million in Medicare GME

Postdoctoral Fellow Kathleen Dalton

2000-01-01

377

Economic Role of School Districts in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores secondary economic effects of rural Minnesota school districts, including purchasing power of payrolls, employment, retail stimulus, recapture of taxes, property values, and banking services. Provides nontechnical approach to interpreting how school operations offset costs of rural education. Study can be replicated by rural educators.…

Sederberg, Charles H.

1987-01-01

378

Rural Allied Medical Business Occupations (RAMBO). Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A partnership was formed to address the crisis that rural health care facilities in rural Nebraska face in attracting and hiring trained health care workers. The Rural Allied Medical Business Occupations (RAMBO) project trained economically disadvantaged individuals in high technology medical fields. Five objectives were outlined in the project:…

Smith, Gloria

379

Rural Practice: Getting In, Keeping Up, Getting Out.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document's major portion addresses aspects of rural social work practice from importance of the worker's first actions to knowing when and how to leave successfully. Beginning with "What is your Rural IQ?" and some definitions of rurality, all subsequent sections conclude with "Some Exercises and Mental Challenges" and a reading list. Emphasis…

Tarleau, Alison, T.; Horner, Bill

380

Strategies for Funders: Community Colleges and Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper urges foundations and state and federal agencies to consider funding rural community colleges, in light of the successful experiences of the Rural Community College Initiative. Much of rural America is in trouble because educational attainment and job opportunities are low; innovation is stifled by poor schools, isolation, and…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

381

Power in the Production of Spaces Transformed by Rural Tourism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article critiques Halfacree's conceptualisation of rural space for masking the workings of power within "black boxes" such as "structural coherence" and "trial by space". One consequence is that rural change's social activities and also their social and personal consequences are cloaked, thereby rendering the localised fault lines of rurality

Frisvoll, Svein

2012-01-01

382

Progress Report on Rural Development for Fiscal Year 1970.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural development progress relative to State-U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) committees is presented via exemplary citation in this 1970 report. Summaries are given for: (1) Status of State-USDA Organization for Rural Development, (2) Functional Relationships of USDA Committees on Rural Development, (3) Activities and Projects Underway, (4)…

Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

383

Adult Education, Community Enterprises and Rural Development in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for and the difficulties in providing rural development and education programs for rural workers in Latin America and suggests linking adult education with community associative enterprises. Low income rural workers maintain membership by contributing their work to the enterprise and receive goods according to their…

Araujo, Jose Emilio G.

1978-01-01

384

Implications of Land Policy and Rural Development in Botswana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines land tenure alteration in relation to rural development programs in Botswana. Development efforts have had a class differentiated effect, aiding the relatively well-off cattle owners, but ignoring the small crop producers. A rural development strategy that benefits all rural groups must contain measures specifically tailored to each. (DHP)

Milazi, Dominic

1988-01-01

385

Country Queers: Queer Youth and the Politics of Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploring the lives of rural lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth and their identity work, Mary Gray's "Out in the Country: Youth, Media, and Queer Visibility in Rural America" offers one of the first ethnographic studies of queer rural life in the United States and their use of new media. Throughout, Gray provides various case…

Greteman, Adam J.

2012-01-01

386

42 CFR 485.603 - Rural health network.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rural health network. 485.603 Section 485.603 Public Health...Hospitals (CAHs) § 485.603 Rural health network. A rural health network is an organization that meets the following...

2010-10-01

387

Cuban Rural Education: A New Strategy for Revolutionary Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined in this paper are some of the major consequences for rural education of recent Cuban efforts to favor the rural population, to achieve a rural transformation, and to operationalize the revolutionary ideology. Sources used in this case study include Cuban primary and secondary materials and government publications, recent social science…

Paulston, Rolland G.

388

Children Who Are Short-Changed: Rural Blacks and Chicanos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relevant problems facing rural Blacks and Chicanos are discussed in this paper. It is argued that the "American Dream" creates unrealistically high aspirations and expectations for rural youth and the disadvantaged minorities. If rural youth do not choose to migrate to the urban centers, their only alternative is to take whatever employment is…

Kuvlesky, William P.

389

OUR CHANGING RURAL SOCIETY--PERSPECTIVES AND TRENDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

POPULATION SHIFTS AND GROWTH, COUPLED WITH AN INCREASINGLY INDUSTRIALIZED SOCIETY, HAVE PRODUCED DRAMATIC CHANGES IN RURAL SOCIETIES THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. A COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW OF THE CHANGES TAKING PLACE IN RURAL AMERICAN AND OTHER RURAL SOCIETIES IS PRESENTED IN THIS BOOK, WITH MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATIONS OF TRENDS IN SOCIETY,…

COPP, JAMES H., ED.

390

Rural Minority Student Engagement with a Healthcare Pipeline Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural communities are underserved by the medical profession. This shortage is particularly acute for minority rural communities lacking reliable access to minority healthcare professionals. This article reports the results of a study designed to understand the attitudes and responses of rural minority students who participated in a program…

Holley, Karri A.

2013-01-01

391

Resolving Mobility Constraints Impeding Rural Seniors' Access to Regionalized Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural and small town places in developed economies are aging. While attention has been paid to the local transportation needs of rural seniors, fewer researchers have explored their regional transportation needs. This is important given policies that have reduced and regionalized many services and supports. This article explores mobility constraints impeding rural seniors' access to regionalized services using the example

Laura Ryser; Greg Halseth

2012-01-01

392

Mental health services for rural elderly: Innovative service strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews issues in planning and delivering mental health services to rural dwelling elderly. First, comparative data on the prevalence of mental illness among rural elderly, and the availability and accessibility of mental health services in rural areas are presented to provide a basis for subsequent discussion. Next, several strategies for improving the development and delivery of geriatric mental

Zona Chalifoux; Jane B. Neese; Kathleen C. Buckwalter; Eugene Litwak; Ivo L. Abraham

1996-01-01

393

Will the retiring baby boomers return to rural periphery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many belonging to large post-war age cohorts in the western countries moved from rural areas to larger industrializing cities. They retire soon and can consider moving back to the childhood places. This article studies these baby boomers and the issues about their return to peripheral rural areas. The case regards one rural municipality, Ristijärvi, in the remote Northeastern Finland. Despite

Jussi S. Jauhiainen

2009-01-01

394

Rural Development Literature. An Annotated Bibliography, 1969-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

References with annotations in seven key rural development areas and suggestions on sources of information are contained in this selective bibliography on rural development. Community leaders, rural development committees, researchers, and community resource development personnel should find the publication useful for identifying and obtaining…

Southern Rural Development Center, State College, MS.

395

7 CFR 2.49 - Administrator, Rural Housing Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...by the Rural Housing Service or its predecessor agencies...for the Rural Housing Service and representation...of the Rural Housing Service. (8) Administer...and title VI of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster...to significant risk to human health; (iv)...

2010-01-01

396

Factors Associated with Emergency Department Use among the Rural Elderly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Emergency Department (ED) use among the rural elderly may present a different pattern from the urban elderly, thus requiring different policy initiatives. However, ED use among the rural elderly has seldom been studied and is little understood. Purpose: To characterize factors associated with having any versus no ED use among the rural

Fan, Lin; Shah, Manish N.; Veazie, Peter J.; Friedman, Bruce

2011-01-01

397

Rural School Psychology: Re-Opening the Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of school psychology in rural areas is a topic that has been fairly absent from the literature since the 1980s. A needs assessment of school psychologists practicing in rural counties in a midwestern state was conducted to explore current issues for rural school psychologists. The response rate for usable surveys was 72% (N = 106).…

Clopton, Kerri L.; Knesting, Kimberly

2006-01-01

398

Grocery Store Politics: Leading the Rural Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural America is characterized by decreasing populations, increasing poverty, limited economic growth, and limited access to cultural events. The context of the rural environment makes leading colleges in these locations different than in larger, more urban regions. The research reported here investigated the experience of rural community college…

Eddy, Pamela

2007-01-01

399

Updating Rurality Index for Small Areas in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nowadays, there is a wide debate about what rural means. An operational definition of rural concept is essential in order to measure health problems, optimize resource allocation and facilitate decision making aimed at closing the gap on inequity between areas. In 2005, the rurality index for Small Areas in Spain (IRAP) was developed using the…

Prieto-Lara, Elisa; Ocana-Riola, Ricardo

2010-01-01

400

Research on Rural Veterans: An Analysis of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The Veterans Health Administration (VA) provides comprehensive health care services to veterans across the United States. Recently, the VA established an Office of Rural Health to address the health care needs of rural veterans. Purpose: To review the literature on rural veterans' health care needs in order to identify areas for future…

Weeks, William B.; Wallace, Amy E.; West, Alan N.; Heady, Hilda R.; Hawthorne, Kara

2008-01-01

401

Reviewing the "Rural Lens" in Education Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is interesting to reflect upon past conversations and to explore their implications for current practice. That is the point of the current paper, which looks back at our progress towards adopting a rural lens to drive policy--to develop initiatives for rural education based upon rural needs, rather than apparent metro-centric political decision…

Wallace, Andrew; Boylan, Colin

2009-01-01

402

42 CFR 485.603 - Rural health network.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Rural health network. 485.603 Section...603 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID...603 Rural health network. A rural health network...electronic sharing of patient data; and (3) The provision...that is a member of the network when applicable;...

2011-10-01

403

FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA  

E-print Network

FUZZY COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION OF RURAL INFORMATION POVERTY IN CHINA CASE STUDY OF HEBEI PROVINCE@yahoo.com.cn Abstract: Information poverty is a new form of poverty in information society. With the growing information-gap between urban and rural areas, information poverty is prevailing in the vast rural areas in China

Boyer, Edmond

404

The Rural Community College as an Administrative Labor Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External culture acts as a powerful force on rural community colleges and the presidents that lead them. This article examines whether rural community colleges comprise an administrative labor market, based on the careers of 69 chief academic officers employed in rural community colleges. Findings indicate the characteristics of both an…

Allen, Nathan T.; Cejda, Brent D.

2007-01-01

405

Rural-Urban Differences in Environmental Concern: A Closer Look.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents survey results from rural areas having significant levels of employment both in agriculture and in extraction industries (coal mining). Although a review of the literature suggests that rural residents may express lower levels of environmental concern than urban residents, one study proposed that rural residents in farm-related…

Freudenburg, William R.; McGinn, Barbara

406

Household Perspectives on School Attendance in Rural Tibet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores household perspectives on school access at the village level in rural Tibet. Data from two rural areas are compared. This paper argues that despite abolition of all school fees, the use of Tibetan as a medium of instruction, the provision of boarding schools, and other incentives, dropout rates in rural areas remain high. This…

Postiglione, Gerard; Jiao, Ben; Gyatso, Sonam

2006-01-01

407

The Rural Low-Income Student and the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Topics discussed at this conference concerned with education for the rural poor were: (1) "The Community College and the Rural Poor," (2) "The Rural Low Income Student--What a Small College Can Do to Get Them Into School and Keep Them There," (3) "The New Iron Ore Industry Worker Needs New Schools and New Programs to Keep Marketable," (4) "The…

Morgan, Don A., Ed.

408

Making Room for Place-Based Knowledge in Rural Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For many rural schools the view outside the classroom window is one of scenic fields, pasture lands, or forests nestled at the base of mountains. Despite the proximity of rural schools to both agricultural land and the natural world, what little connection to place that may have existed in rural schools' curricula has been disappearing as schools…

Shamah, Devora; MacTavish, Katherine A.

2009-01-01

409

The Prevention of Alcohol Use by Rural Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about preventing alcohol use by youth in rural America, and almost no rural alcohol prevention program has been evaluated. To address these deficiencies, this paper critically examines the issue of alcohol use by rural youth within a public health framework. The literature is reviewed to identify what is known about the prevalence…

D'Onofrio, Carol N.

410

The Internet: Opportunities for Rural Outreach, Exchange and Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses types of Internet services and service providers. Urges rural social service agencies to evaluate use of the Internet as a means to alleviate professional isolation, become part of a larger community, and extend computing resources to clients. Lists 44 rural gopher sites, 37 freenets, 14 listservs, and 13 rural health links. (SAS)

Kelly, Michael J.; Lauderdale, Michael L.

1996-01-01

411

The Rural School and Community Trust Annual Report, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the Rural School and Community Trust is to enlarge student learning and improve community life by strengthening relationships between rural schools and communities and engaging students in community-based public work. Following a message from the president, a section on the Rural Trust's capacity building program presents the six…

Rural School and Community Trust, Washington, DC.

412

Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities  

E-print Network

1 Peer effects in employment: Results from Mexico's poor rural communities Caridad Araujo , Alain-farm non-agricultural (OFNA) employment offers a major pathway from poverty for rural populations. However and informal OFNA employment using village census data for rural Mexico. We test and reject the possibility

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

413

Rural Production Cooperative Approach and Farmers' Professional Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this study was to assess the professional satisfaction of Rural Production Cooperative members. The secondary purpose was to investigate professional characteristics of RPCs' farmers, and determine the RPC members' attitudes toward cooperative farming. The population of this study consisted of all 2,000 rice-growing members of four rural production cooperatives in rural Mazandaran, a northern province in

Hassan Sadighi

2003-01-01

414

External Culture: Its Impact on Rural Community College Presidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External culture acts as a powerful force on rural community colleges and the presidents that lead them. This article is concerned with external culture and its impact on a rural community college president. Interviews with 15 senior leaders explored the typical mindsets and values existing in a rural setting. Findings indicate that to improve the…

Leist, Jay

2007-01-01

415

Rural Transportation in New York State: A Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report catalogs strengths, defines problems, and establishes goals for the next two decades for rural New York in the area of transportation. Describing where rural New York is today, section one lists 12 trends, 8 strengths, and 16 weaknesses affecting transporation. Trends include increased rural population inflow and demands on local…

New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

416

Depression Screening Patterns for Women in Rural Health Clinics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Rates and types of screening for depression in rural primary care practices are unknown. Purpose: To identify rates of depression screening among rural women in a sample of rural health clinics (RHCs). Methods: A chart review of 759 women's charts in 19 randomly selected RHCs across the nation. Data were collected from charts of female…

Tudiver, Fred; Edwards, Joellen Beckett; Pfortmiller, Deborah T.

2010-01-01

417

Entrepreneurial In-Migration and Neoendogenous Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social, cultural, and economic transitions in rural areas across the globe lead us to critique the traditional "top-down" or "bottom-up" distinction as being outdated for contemporary rural policy. In Europe and the United States in particular, high rates of counterurbanization heighten the need for new ways of thinking about rural

Bosworth, Gary; Atterton, Jane

2012-01-01

418

Health Literacy Skills in Rural and Urban Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether health literacy is lower in rural populations. Method: We analyzed health, prose, document, and quantitative literacy from the National Assessment of Adult Literacy study. Metropolitan Statistical Area designated participants as rural or urban. Results: Rural populations had lower literacy levels for all literacy…

Zahnd, Whitney E.; Scaife, Steven L.; Francis, Mark L.

2009-01-01

419

Contrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change  

E-print Network

Contrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change E. M. Fischer,1 K. W. Oleson,2 to explore the urban-rural contrast in the wet-bulb globe temperature, a heat stress index accounting to neighbouring rural areas. Urban humidity deficit only weakly offsets the enhanced heat stress due to the large

Fischlin, Andreas

420

Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

2008-01-01

421

Rural Press for Village Post-Literacy Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles concerning the development of the rural press in Africa as a means of communicating and promoting literacy are included in this collection of reprints. "The Rural Press, Effective Rural Communication Medium" by Robert H. Sam-Kpakra describes this medium of communication by and for people living in areas with little or no access to…

Sam-Kpakra, Robert H.; And Others

422

The 1972-73 New Rural Society Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Rural Society Concept, which urges establishment of a more balanced rural-urban population distribution in response to the interdependent rural-urban energy crisis, is explicated in this report on a model project initiated in 1972 in 10 northeastern Connecticut townships. The following are cited as major project objectives: (1) to obtain…

Fairfield Univ., CT.

423

Leadership for Rural Schools: Lessons for All Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools present unique challenges for school administrators, challenges that require knowledge of various skills in a range of disciplines. This book touches nearly every aspect of rural school leadership. It aims to help educational leaders in small or rural schools better understand their role, and to help all educators learn elements of…

Chalker, Donald M., Ed.

424

Rural Health Care in New York State: A Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting the premise that rural communities require functioning health care systems for their physiological, emotional, and economic well-being, the First Statewide Legislative Symposium on Rural Development defined problems and established goals for rural health care in New York. Despite increases in New York's overall physician supply during…

New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

425

Youth Unemployment in Rural Areas. Work and Opportunity Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated factors leading to employment and unemployment for young people living in urban and rural areas in Scotland. Surveys and interviews were conducted with 817 youths, 40 rural employers, and 25 professionals from across Scotland. Findings include: (1) long-term youth unemployment was less common in rural than in urban areas,…

Cartmel, Fred; Furlong, Andy

426

The Bumpy Road off TANF for Rural Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural welfare mothers receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) have a difficult time reaching economic security and lessening their reliance on benefits because of the impediments they face regarding employment opportunities, transportation, child care resources, and more. This article focuses on 62 rural mothers, each receiving TANF at some point during the three year Rural Families Speak study. By

Mary Jo Katras; Elizabeth M. Dolan; Sharon B. Seiling; Bonnie Braun

2009-01-01

427

Asthma Education for Rural School Nurses: Resources, Barriers, and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a school-based asthma education program for rural elementary school nurses. The program was designed to teach school nurses in 7 rural counties in Maryland how to implement and to reinforce asthma management behaviors in children with asthma and their caregivers. Rural nurses who participated in this program increased their…

Winkelstein, Marilyn L.; Quartey, Ruth; Pham, Luu; Lewis-Boyer, LaPricia; Lewis, Cassia; Hill, Kimberly; Butz, Arlene

2006-01-01

428

Set Pair Analysis for Rural Drinking Water Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large number of uncertain problems existing in rural drinking water safety system, it is of great significances to apply Set Pair Analysis (SPA) theory to analyze and study these uncertain problems in rural drinking water safety system. This study applies SPA theory to conduct an integrated evaluation of water quality to rural drinking water safety in Ya'an City, based

Ni Fuquan; Liu Guo-dong; Gao Yang-yang; Xu Li-ping; Fu Cheng-wei

2010-01-01

429

Gender and savings in rural India.  

PubMed

"In this study we use data from rural India to examine the impact of the birth of a boy relative to the birth of a girl (i.e., the żgender shock') on the savings, consumption and income of rural Indian households. We find that the gender shock reduces savings for medium and large farm households, although there is no evidence that the shock affects savings for the landless and the small farm households. We also estimate the effect of the shock on income and consumption for the former group in order to determine the source of the drop in savings." PMID:12294783

Deolalikar, A; Rose, E

1998-01-01

430

Domestic satellite services for rural areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is pointed out that rural areas can be served by a domestic satellite communications system in an efficient and economical manner. To accomplish such efficiency and economy, the engineering parameters of the satellite communications system must be analyzed and selected with a view toward achieving the desired performance at minimum total cost. The equipment for an entire rural satellite communication system serving 1200 communities can be acquired for approximately $200 million (1983 dollars). An identical system, however, could also be implemented at much lower capital costs by leasing space segment capacity from existing satellite systems (Briskman and Savage, 1983).

Briskman, R. D.

1984-03-01

431

Rural telemedicine project in northern New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

A virtual electronic medical record system is being deployed over the Internet with security in northern New Mexico using TeleMed, a multimedia medical records management system that uses CORBA-based client-server technology and distributed database architecture. The goal of the NNM Rural Telemedicine Project is to implement TeleMed into fifteen rural clinics and two hospitals within a 25,000 square mile area of northern New Mexico. Evaluation of the project consists of three components: job task analysis, audit of immunized children, and time motion studies. Preliminary results of the evaluation components are presented.

Zink, S.; Hahn, H.; Rudnick, J.; Snell, J.; Forslund, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Martinez, P. [Northern New Mexico Community Coll., Espanola, NM (United States)

1998-12-31

432

Interagency Coordination: A Necessity in Rural Programs. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of six papers, this monograph illustrates how early childhood personnel can work together to eliminate overlap in services, keep communication open, and assist each other in providing appropriate, quality services to young handicapped children residing in rural areas. Mary T. Morse ("Interagency Coordination: An Overview") designates…

Threet, Steve, Comp.; Hutinger, Patricia, Ed.

433

Hoffmann, Odile, "Playa Vicente, Veracruz : la faz cambiante de un espacio local", pp 33-51 en El cambio en la sociedad rural mexicana Se valoran los recursos estratgicos?,  

E-print Network

- 51 en El cambio en la sociedad rural mexicana ¿Se valoran los recursos estratégicos?, vol.III "Nueva antecedentes remotos, prehispánicos y los primeros tiempos de la colonia, no nos hablan tanto de una zona de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

Rural Health Leaders Pipeline, 1990–2005: Case Study of a Second-Generation Rural Medical Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pipeline model has been suggested to increase the rural physician supply. This study is an institutional case report used to describe the context, development, and in-house evaluation of the University of Alabama Rural Health Leaders Pipeline, 1990–2005. This program was developed at a University of Alabama School of Medicine branch campus to target rural students at multiple levels, elementary

John R. Wheat; John E. Brandon; James D. Leeper; James R. Jackson; Dennis W. Boulware

2008-01-01

435

A Comparison of Health-Risk Behaviors of Rural Migrants with Rural Residents and Urban Residents in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To determine whether rural-to-urban migrants in China are more likely than rural and urban residents to engage in risk behaviors. Methods: Comparative analysis of survey data between migrants and rural and urban residents using age standardized rate and multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence and frequency of tobacco…

Chen, Xinguang; Stanton, Bonita; Li, Xiaoming; Fang, Xiaoyi; Lin, Danhua; Xiong, Qing

2009-01-01

436

Expanding Economic and Educational Opportunity in Distressed Rural Areas: A Conceptual Framework for the Rural Community College Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) collaborates with community colleges in rural communities that are racially, ethnically, culturally, and economically diverse by challenging them to think broadly about their potential as catalysts for regional development. RCCI is a national demonstration program that combines the goals of rural

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

437

Rural Health Resource Guide: A Compilation of Data and Information on Rural Health in New York State. Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide reflects, largely through statistical information, the status of health care in rural New York State. It is divided into five sections: (1) Demographics, Socioeconomics, and Technology; (2) Client Needs; (3) Provider Needs; (4) Designing an Integrated Rural Health System; and (5) Developing a Rural Health System for New York…

New York State Legislative Commission on Rural Resources, Albany.

438

Rethinking the Changing Structures of Rural Local Government--State Power, Rural Politics and Local Political Strategies?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a notable absence in contemporary rural studies--of both a theoretical and empirical nature--concerning the changing nature of rural local government. Despite the scale and significance of successive rounds of local government reorganisation in the UK, very little has been written on this topic from a rural perspective. Instead research…

Pemberton, Simon; Goodwin, Mark

2010-01-01

439

Una tarde con Héctor Mendoza  

E-print Network

hay más. Mira, realmente, les voy a contar. Lo que me sucede ahora es que me he preocupado terriblemente por la teoría de la actuación, y lo que estoy haciendo son textos teóricos sobre la actuación. Ahora lo que hago es una obra mezclada con la... teoría de la actuación. Siento que tomar un texto de los Siglos de Oro, que son textos que ya me son muy familiares, entonces, se me facilita muchísimo más para su manejo; en este sentido, żno? Ahora, yo siento que se me facilita también tomar un texto...

Padró n-Leó n, Bá rbara A.; Peale, C. George

1999-10-01

440

Medical Expenditure and Rural Impoverishment in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thanks to continued economic growth and increasing income, the overall poverty rate has been on the decline in China. However, due to escalating medical costs and lack of insurance coverage, medical spending often causes financial hardship for many rural families. Using data from the 1998 China National Health Services Survey, the impact of medical expenditure on the poverty headcount for

Yuanli Liu; Keqin Rao; William C. Hsiao

2003-01-01

441

Rural Public Welfare: Observations from West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The public welfare agency is a major influence in rural community life. It is the service delivery mechanism for medical care, cash aid, food stamps, and many other kinds of life-or-death assistance. It is significant in local economies and its employees are influential in communities where well-educated people are scarce. (JHZ)

Ginsberg, Leon H.

1984-01-01

442

Connecting Allied Health Students to Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Statewide studies indicate a continuing shortfall of personnel in several allied health disciplines in rural Georgia. National trends indicate lagging enrollment in allied health education programs, suggesting that the workforce shortages will worsen. Purpose: This article describes the efforts of the School of Allied Health Sciences at…

Guion, W. Kent; Mishoe, Shelley C.; Taft, Arthur A.; Campbell, Carol A.

2006-01-01

443

Rural Hospital Preparedness for Neonatal Resuscitation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Neonatal resuscitation is a critical component of perinatal services in all settings. Purpose: To systematically describe preparedness of rural hospitals for neonatal resuscitation, and to determine whether delivery volume and level of perinatal care were associated with overall preparedness or its indicators. Methods: We developed the…

Jukkala, Angela; Henly, Susan J.; Lindeke, Linda

2008-01-01

444

The Political Economy of Rural School Consolidation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that social, political, and economic circumstances provide better explanations of rural school consolidation than the advertised curricular, pedagogical, or administrative benefits. Modern views of schooling over recent decades emphasize economic development and the need to improve international competitiveness. There is a…

DeYoung, Alan J.; Howley, Craig B.

445

Recognizing Privilege: Rural, Urban, and International Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forms of White oppression in the United States are hierarchically evaluated through male-dominated society. This paper concentrates on a different perspective--White, female privilege through the experiences and self-reflections of narratives from three geographical perspectives--rural, urban, and international. Within the theoretical frameworks…

Munn, Sunny L.; Rinfret, Sara; Davitt, Kendra

2010-01-01

446

Rural Abandonment and Sustainable Development1  

E-print Network

Rural Abandonment and Sustainable Development1 Socio-economic forces and governmental policy have encouraged the intensification of agriculture and have aggravated the trend toward abandonment of remote of abandonment and intensification processes. The intensification of agriculture is associated with high

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

447

Incidental Education (for Women) in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Country Women's Association (CWA) is a nationwide Australian group that started in the 1920s in response to isolated women's need to socialize. The group's activities have expanded greatly over time. It distributes essential food and clothing to needy rural families, and its extensive involvement in incidental education for women includes…

Crosby, Valmai

448

Rural Tourism and Livelihood Strategies in Romania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substantial changes in the Romanian countryside accompanied by the need for more robust economic activities have caused some families to turn to tourism as an economic diversification strategy. A qualitative study of selected rural tourism entrepreneurs indicates positive experiences, both economically and in other aspects of their lives. However,…

Iorio, Monica; Corsale, Andrea

2010-01-01

449

Cooperative Planning for Rural Job Creation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural school districts across the country have seen a serious loss of employment opportunities for families in their communities. Even when jobs exist, they are often low-level service jobs that do not provide wages that encourage young people to grow roots. When good jobs are available, often those jobs are outsourced to other low-wage areas,…

Kellogg, Robert C.

2004-01-01

450

Rural Appalachia's Doctor Deficit: A Pennsylvania Solution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geisinger Medical Center, in rural Pennsylvania, has five residents in each year of the family-practice three-year program; the center expects most of its graduates to locate permanently nearby since experience shows that graduating residents locate within 100 miles of the site of their training. (BR)

Coogan, Mercy Hardie

1978-01-01

451

Importance of rural bioenergy for developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy resources will play an important role in the world’s future. Rural bioenergy is still the predominant form of energy used by people in the less developed countries, and bioenergy from biomass accounts for about 15% of the world’s primary energy consumption and about 38% of the primary energy consumption in developing countries. Furthermore, bioenergy often accounts for more than

Ayse Hilal Demirbas; Imren Demirbas

2007-01-01

452

Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll. Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1984 Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll is summarized in this report. Responses from 1,585 randomly selected Iowa farm families showed that respondents opposed relaxing current state laws limiting foreign investors and non-farm corporations' ownership of farmland; had mixed feelings on absentee ownership, changing banking laws to allow banks to…

Lasley, Paul

453

Review of the Rural Manpower Service, 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a public complaint filed with the Secretary of Labor alleging discriminatory practice by the Rural Manpower Service (RMS), an investigation of the charges was conducted. The petition was filed on behalf of 16 organizations and 398 specifically named individuals, and it accused the RMS of exploiting migrant farm workers. The…

Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

454

Political Participation in a Rural Wisconsin County.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although individuals aim their attempts to exert legitimate political influence at particular levels of government, the hierarchical organization of "political influence attempts" is an aspect of political participation which has not yet received systematic study. In order to examine the perceived political influence of rural people in a…

Olson, Mary; Bills, David

455

Terrorism and Rural Entrepreneurship in Punjab  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims at describing the process whereby entrepreneurship among members belonging to a particular caste and religion emerged as a result of terrorism. Rural entrepreneurship saw drastic changes during the last two decades. The once dominant business class found themselves in a situation where it was difficult for them to oper ate. The subversive activities—a resultant of terrorism—created panic

Gurpreet Bal; Paramjit S. Judge

2001-01-01

456

Rural Youth and Anticipatory Goal Deflection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Race, sex, community size, occupation of major wage earner, father's education, mother's education, and certainty of expectations were the variables used in this study to determine the "anticipatory occupational goal deflection" (AOGD) of urban and rural youth (blacks and whites) in Louisiana. Least squares analysis of variance and other…

Curry, Evans W.; And Others

457

Collaborative Job Training in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examine collaborative efforts by employers to provide job training in rural areas and assess how this collaboration affects the willingness of employers to train workers. Data are drawn from a telephone survey conducted in 2001 of a stratified random sample of 1,590 nonmetropolitan firms in the U.S. The literature on job training suggests that…

Green, Gary Paul; Galetto, Valeria; Haines, Anna

2003-01-01

458

Rural Delivery Model for Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Black Hills Special Services Cooperative provides innovative and model practices for serving individuals with disabilities in a rural area of South Dakota. This article reviews the program's history and background, curriculum development, evaluation, and transitional and supported employment utilizing an entrepreneurial model of partnerships…

Baumeister, Mary; Morris, Randall K.

1992-01-01

459

Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico  

E-print Network

Broadband, Higher Education and Rural New Mexico Gil Gonzales, Ph.D., Chief Information Officer University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 E mail: gonzgil@unm.edu Background UNM students enjoy the country do. New Mexico is also home to two national laboratories in Los Alamos (Los Alamos National

Maccabe, Barney

460

The Rural Developmentally Disabled, An Underserved Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining problems that confront developmentally disabled persons in rural areas, this article includes the current definition of developmental disabilities, discusses preventive measures, points out some considerations to be made in the establishment of appropriate professional diagnostic and treatment services, and examines public and private…

Brantley, Dale; West, Sibyl

1980-01-01

461

Salvation Army Programs in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes services of the Salvation Army's network of rural local service units. Discusses relationship between local units, community agencies, and regional Service Extension Departments. Provides examples of individuals who received aid coordinated by local volunteers where formal social services were unavailable. Emphasizes Salvation Army's…

Ricken, William

1987-01-01

462

PC Kiosk Trends in Rural India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a series of preliminary, quantitative results on rural PC kiosks in India. An analysis of the data confirms many expected trends and correlations and shows that kiosks still face the challenge of sustainability as a business. This study is based on questionnaires presented to kiosk operators and customers of kiosks operated…

Toyama, Kentaro; Kiri, Karishma; Menon, Deepak; Sethi, Suneet; Pal, Joyojeet; Srinivasan, Janaki

2006-01-01

463

Changing Teaching Practices in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the approach of a five-year initiative, funded by the National Science Foundation, to improve the teaching of mathematics and science in 10 rural school districts of Missouri. Traditional challenges of improving the professional practice of teachers are addressed through a regional partnership. External project evaluation…

Harmon, Hobart L.; Gordanier, Janna; Henry, Lana; George, Ann

2007-01-01

464

Welfare dynamics in rural Kenya and Madagascar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents comparative qualitative and quantitative evidence from rural Kenya and Madagascar in an attempt to untangle the causality behind persistent poverty. We find striking differences in welfare dynamics depending on whether one uses total income, including stochastic terms and inevitable measurement error, or the predictable, structural component of income based on a household's asset holdings. Our results suggest

Christopher B. Barrett; Paswel Phiri Marenya; John Mcpeak; Bart Minten; Festus Murithi; Willis Oluoch-Kosura; Jean Claude Randrianarisoa; Jhon Rasambainarivo; Justine Wangila

2006-01-01

465

Elderly Black widows in rural Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the effects of rapid social change and the breakdown of traditional life and family support systems on Black rural widows of Zimbabwe. It examines women's perceptions of their lives before and after widowhood and identifies conditions which are related to changes in economic position, status, self-concept, life styles and social relationships. These changes have created an increasing

Jeannette R. Folta; Edith S. Deck

1987-01-01

466

Persons Interested in Rural Texas. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The directory was compiled to provide individuals and groups working with problems concerning rural Texas with a list of resource persons who could be of assistance in the resolution of these problems, and to encourage individuals with similar areas of interest/expertise to share information with each other. Listed alphabetically by five…

Hunsicker, Alma, Comp.; And Others

467

Education in Rural Areas of Scotland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a glimpse of the current picture of education in rural Scotland. Scotland has many small schools, and not all of these are in geographically isolated areas. Although Scotland's population has decreased in the past 20 years, the decline has been mostly in urban areas. Remote areas are becoming more cosmopolitan as highly…

Urch, Mary

468

Sustaining Rural Communities through Sustainable Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 5-year collaborative project between Missouri, Michigan State, and Nebraska Universities to provide new opportunities for rural community self-development through sustainable agriculture had mixed results. This happened because community members did not understand the principles of sustainability, and because the extension education system was…

Ikerd, John

469

Cornerstones: Building Rural America through Service Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in a poor, rural county in South Carolina worked with their community to build a new volunteer fire station, enabling many residents to get fire insurance. The project enabled students to see the relevance of education and to be seen as solutions to problems rather than as problems, generated enthusiasm among students toward the community…

Pace, Jerry

470

1971 Post Season Rural Manpower Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Manpower Service reports on the migrant seasonal labor in Michigan during 1971. Seasonal labor has been declining since it reached its peak of 97,700 in 1962. This report discusses migrant seasonal labor with regard to (1) the wages and earnings of the workers, (2) the recruitment of workers, (3) the agricultural-labor housing, (4) the…

Michigan State Dept. of Labor, Detroit. Michigan Employment Security Commission.

471

The Career Development of Rural Queensland Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the occupational aspirations and career development influences of children attending Years 6 and 7 at a sample of rural and remote primary schools in the central western region of Queensland. Data was collected by means of the "Revised Career Awareness Survey" (McMahon & Patton, 2001). Australian and New Zealand Standard…

McMahon, Mary; Rixon, Kylie

2007-01-01

472

Hispanic Population Growth and Rural Income Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze the relationship between Hispanic population growth and changes in U.S. rural income inequality from 1990 through 2000. Applying comparative approaches used for urban areas we disentangle Hispanic population growth's contribution to inequality by comparing and statistically modeling changes in the family income Gini coefficient across…

Parrado, Emilio A.; Kandel, William A.

2010-01-01

473

SYNTHESIS OF THE RURAL MODEL REVIEWS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Protection Agency has undertaken an independent review of eight rural diffusion models, two of which were developed by the EPA; the remaining six were submitted to the EPA for approval by outside agencies and consulting firms. In the first phase of the review pr...

474

Student Wellness Needs in Rural Appalachia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A risk behaviors survey was administered to students in a rural West Virginia high school. Findings indicate that some issues of national concern (tobacco and steroid use) were not confirmed in this sample. Suicide and food choices were areas of concern. Nutrition education and methods of coping with depression were targeted for curriculum…

Summers, Sally; Leary, Paul

2002-01-01

475

Farm productivity and rural poverty in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Armed with new data, we return to an old question from the pages of this journal: to what extent do India's rural poor share in agricultural growth? Combining data from 24 household sample surveys spanning 35 years with other sources, we estimate a model of the joint determination of consumption?poverty measures, agricultural wages, and food prices. We find that higher

Gaurav Datt; Martin Ravallion

1998-01-01

476

Using Strategic Planning To Improve Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the elements of strategic planning and applies them to educational reform and improvement. The paper also describes how a planning model, Strategic Planning for Educational Reform and Improvement (SPERI), was used by Rural Assistance Councils (RACs) in Pennsylvania and Delaware, with technical assistance from Research for…

D'Amico, Joseph J.

477

Rural Canadian Youth Exposed to Physical Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exposure to physical violence is an unfortunate reality for many Canadian youth as it is associated with numerous negative psychosocial effects. The study aims to assist in understanding resilience in rural Canadian youth exposed to physical violence. This is accomplished by identifying the importance of protective factors, as measured by the…

Laye, Adele M.; Mykota, David B.

2014-01-01

478

Reaching Rural Women: Case Studies and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although not often considered in the past by planners because their economic contributions are not performed for money, rural women are contributors to the development of their countries. The urgency of reaching women with important information to break the cycle of poverty is now being recognized by the major development agencies. While there are…

Colle, Royal D.; Fernandez de Colle, Susana

479

Rural Education Directory: Organizations and Resources, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory provides information on organizations and resources related to rural education. The first section lists 62 national and multistate organizations, including agencies, associations, centers, clearinghouses, and federal programs. Each entry includes address, contact person, telephone number, and a brief profile of organizational…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape, Comp.

480

Supporting Ongoing Professional Learning in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the creation and development of the Southeastern Regional Professional Development Center (Ohio), and examines accomplishments and challenges in interdistrict collaboration on staff development. Center strengths include rural location and culture, attitudes supporting sharing and interdependence, collaboration with higher education, local…

Hillkirk, Keith; Chang, Bih-Ru; Oettinger, Leigh Ann; Saban, Ahmet; Villet, Charmaine

1998-01-01

481

Promoting Heart Health in Rural Women  

PubMed Central

Purpose To compare 2 strategies, Stage Matched Nursing and Community Intervention (SMN+CI) and Community Intervention (CI) alone in changing cardiovascular risk factors in up to 3 behavioral areas: diet, physical activity, and/or smoking among rural women. Methods A 14-month, multisite randomized controlled trial of 117 rural women was conducted. Transtheoretical model was used in identification of stage of change and development of the SMN+CI nursing interventions. A Social-ecological model was used to address issues of rurality in the development of interventions. Findings The SMN+CI group was superior on 4 outcomes. There were significant increases in 2 measures of dietary intake; improvement in dietary stage of change for fruits and vegetables; and reduced diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in the SMN+CI group. After log transformation DBP significance was lost. The CI group had a significant reduction in change in total cholesterol; however, significance was lost after control for the initiation of lipid lowering medications. There was a significant reduction in Framingham risk scores pre- to post-intervention, regardless of group. Conclusions There continues to be a need to improve cardiovascular risk factors in rural women. There should be an exploration of whether intensified dose and fidelity of the intervention strategies of diet and physical activity are effective in improving anthropometric and laboratory values. Further investigation is warranted into factors influencing the pre- to post-reduction in Framingham risk scores. PMID:23802927

Fahs, Pamela Stewart; Pribulick, Margaret; Williams, Ishan Canty; James, Gary D.; Rovynak, Virginia; Seibold-Simpson, Susan M.

2012-01-01

482

Integrating International Education into Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program promoting international education in South Dakota's rural elementary schools has provided staff development opportunities and assistance in curriculum modification based on information about the status of international education in the schools and student knowledge of the world. The program succeeds where key teachers and administrators…

Hadley, Marilyn B.; Wood, Robert W.

1987-01-01

483

Unlocking the Creative Potential of Rural India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Rural education": the phrase conjures up unflattering images of broken blackboards and slates, lackadaisical teachers and students, rote learning and of outdated teaching techniques and suppressed creativity. Yet, these images are completely out of consonance with modern India and a knowledge-based society. This article describes a new model for…

Raghavan, Ramji

2007-01-01

484

Contemporary Issues Education: Rural Perspectives and Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the inclusion movement integrates students with disabilities into community situations, these students become more vulnerable to various forms of exploitation and manipulation. This paper compares rural and urban teachers' provision of contemporary issues education to special education students and describes the development of Web-based…

Lamorey, Suzanne; Perry, Nancy

485

Understanding Genetics and Inheritance in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conducted in urban and rural schools in two provinces of South Africa, the present study reports biology learners' understanding of concepts about genetics and inheritance. Participants were Grade 11 and 12 learners, aged 15-16 years. The tools included a written questionnaire, interviews, pre- and post-paper and pencil tests and focus group…

Kibuka-Sebitosi, Esther

2007-01-01

486

Education and Earnings in Rural China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates education and earnings for 3,709 residents of rural China. Education was significantly related to earnings; an additional year of schooling raised residents' earnings by 4.8 yuan monthly. The earnings effect was stronger for males and in economically advanced areas. Average private rate of return to education was 4.8%. Contains 26…

Wei, Xin; Tsang, Mun C.; Xu, Weibin; Chen, Liang-Kun

1999-01-01

487

REMEDIATION OF DRINKING WATER FOR RURAL POPULATIONS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Nitrate is the most common nitrogen contaminant in raw water supplies. In rural areas agricultural activities that involve the use of fertilizers and animal manures are major sources of nitrate contamination. Several processes are currently available that can effectively remove nitrate from raw wa...

488

The Rural Economy in a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technological change, globalization, and localization have changed rural economies. They have increased labor productivity, reducing the importance of labor costs in location decisions; decreased the importance of distance; increased the importance of economies of scale; and increased the role of local conditions and choices in determining…

Johnson, Thomas G.

489

Rural Education Should Principally Serve Local Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stresses national concern with rural education which is viewed as the key factor in future economic development. Points out that 80 percent of the population lives in the countryside, and findings show that they are disadvantaged in both basic education and technical training. Author provides specific policies to institute change. (NL)

He, Dongchang

1990-01-01

490

Confronting Uncertainty: Lessons from Rural Social Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communities in Australia and internationally are experiencing massive change. Climate variability is an aspect of change that social workers in Australia, particularly in rural areas, are grappling with. Vulnerable populations will be at increased risk as extreme weather events increase in frequency. Communities will be facing social challenges hitherto unknown. The experience of uncertainty and fragmentation as characteristics of postmodernism

Robyn Mason

2011-01-01

491

Midwestern Rural Adolescents' Anal Intercourse Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of anal intercourse and its associated risk behaviors in a sample of Midwestern, predominantly white rural adolescents. Most of the research on this activity has been local or regional studies, with urban East and West Coast racial and ethnic minority adolescents. Methods: A…

Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; McKinney, Molly; Ward, Britney

2011-01-01

492

Rural Women, Money and Financial Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author points out the multifaceted aspects of the problems associated with rural women's need for money and financial services and outlines innovative schemes in this area such as the bank for the landless in Bangladesh, a savings and loan cooperative for market women in Nicaragua, and a savings development movement in Zimbabwe. (CT)

Jiggins, Janice

1985-01-01

493

Sustainable Rural Energy Development in Brazil  

SciTech Connect

Under the Luz Para Todos ('Lights for All') Program, the Government of Brazil (GOB) seeks to provide basic electricity services to all its citizens by 2008. An estimated 2.5 million rural households (over 12 million Brazilians) currently lack electric service, with approximately 80% of them located in rural areas. Since many of these households are too geographically isolated to be connected to the national grid, they will receive distributed energy systems, and the government hopes to maximize the use of local renewable resources to service them. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is working with the GOB and a variety of local partners to identify and implement sustainable off-grid solutions to meet Brazil's rural energy needs. Focused in the Amazon region, these collaborative activities are, on one hand, using field-based activities to build local technical capacity and design replicable models for rural energy development, while on the other hand helping to develop the institutional structures that will be necessary to sustain distributed renewable energy development on a large-scale in Brazil.

Ghandour, A.

2005-01-01

494

Summer programming in rural communities: unique challenges.  

PubMed

During the past several decades, child poverty rates have been higher in rural than in urban areas, and now 2.5 million children live in deep poverty in rural America. Studies indicate that poor children are most affected by the typical "summer slide." Summer programming has the ability to address the issues of academic loss, nutritional loss, and the lack of safe and constructive enrichment activities. However, poor rural communities face three major challenges in implementing summer programming: community resources, human capital, and accessibility. The success of Energy Express, a statewide award-winning six-week summer reading and nutrition program in West Virginia, documents strategies for overcoming the challenges faced by poor, rural communities in providing summer programs. Energy Express (1) uses community collaboration to augment resources and develop community ownership, (2) builds human capital and reverses the acknowledged brain drain by engaging college students and community volunteers in meaningful service, and (3) increases accessibility through creative transportation strategies. West Virginia University Extension Service, the outreach arm of the land-grant institution, partners with AmeriCorps, a national service program, and various state and local agencies and organizations to implement a program that produces robust results. PMID:17623413

Phillips, Ruthellen; Harper, Stacey; Gamble, Susan

2007-01-01

495

Expanding the University Environment in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Murray State University has established financial self-sustaining programs to provide high-quality academic experiences for non-college-age students in the rural environment surrounding the university. The programs are designed to promote the long-term goal of increasing college attendance rates in an area where they are among the lowest in the…

Hazler, Richard J.

496

Non-Human Loss in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines non-human loss and its psychological effect upon rural people. It discusses the absence of any ritual response to loss, including farm loss, that would otherwise benefit the loss victims or the surrounding society. The dilemma is comparable to that of the "transitional person," the immigrant experience following World War II.…

Holcomb, Ralph

497

Poor Rural Children Attract Close Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing up poor in isolated rural areas and small towns is qualitatively different from growing up poor in the city. Yet most of what experts know about the effects of poverty on children's development comes from studies conducted in big cities. Now, an ambitious project run by universities in Pennsylvania and North Carolina is putting what some…

Viadero, Debra

2008-01-01

498

Bottles to breastfeeding in rural Haiti.  

PubMed

In 1987 exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Haiti was rare. Most rural women deliver at home. The Haitian Health Foundation (HHF) provides family- oriented, practical education and, home visits. By 1998, 66% of women completed six months of EBF; 80% by 2010. In 2011, HHF and two villages were certified “baby friendly.” PMID:25418223

Gebrian, Bette

2014-11-01

499

A Rural Citizens Health Promotion Demonstration Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a health promotion demonstration project which addressed the health problem of hypertension, as related to variables of excercise, weight, blood pressure measurement and reduction, medication compliance, and nutritional practices. Participants (N=18) were senior citizens who were associated with a small, rural, predominantly…

Sutherland, Mary; And Others

1989-01-01

500

Rural Inservice Education: Staples Teacher Center Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its two-year existence, the federally funded Staples Teacher Center (STC) in Minnesota has had a significant impact on improving classroom instruction and staff development activities in a rural setting, proving that teacher centers are a most effective delivery system for inservice education in sparsely populated areas. Services are rendered…

Krueger, Rick