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1

Etnografía de la infección respiratoria aguda en una zona rural del altiplano mexicano  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To identify the terms used by mothers to refer to diseases, signs and symptoms related to acute respi- ratory illnesses (ARI), alarming signs which should moti- vate them to seek medical attention, and to describe common home practices of disease care and treatment. Material and methods. An ethnographic study was per- formed in six rural communities of the Mexican

HOMERO MARTÍNEZ; KIMBERLY SURIANO; GERY W. RYAN; GRETEL H. PELTO

1997-01-01

2

Rural Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course in rural studies, as part of the Home Economics curriculum at Worcester College of Education, provides students with the opportunity to grow their own vegetables and flowers, look after livestock, and experience a rural environment. (RY)|

Tuckley, Betty; Hitchings, Jim

1971-01-01

3

Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de

T. Jimenez; K. Olson

1999-01-01

4

Energia Renovable para Centros de Salud Rurales (Renewable Energy for Rural Health Clinics)  

SciTech Connect

Esta es la primera de una serie de guias de aplicaciones que el Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL esta comisionando para acoplar sistemas comerciales renovables con aplicaciones rurales, incluyendo agua, escuelas rurales y micro empresas. La guia esta complementada por las actividades de desarrollo del Programa de Energia de Villas de NREL, proyectos pilotos internacionales y programas de visitas profesionales.

Jimenez, T.; Olson, K.

1999-07-28

5

[Rural medicine].  

PubMed

There is a need for radical restructuring of training of physicians with subsequent post-graduate training every three years and quarterly improvement of self-education of physicians. Head physicians of regional rural hospitals should be released from all administrative and economic functions. This is the responsibility of an administrator with higher technical or economic education. Regional and rural Soviets should provide physicians-graduates with dwelling space or flats at their arrival to the place of work; ensure patronage for all kinds of care at rural regional hospitals, their departments and wards; undertake daily supervision and provision of rural hospitals with food products and in autumn time with firing. Rural physicians should be granted an opportunity each month to order food products for themselves and their families from collective-farms at State and collective-farm prices. The Ministry of Health of the USSR should solve the questions of centralization of supply and standardization of equipment and medical appliances for rural hospitals. PMID:2218677

Sega?lo, O L

1990-01-01

6

Una semantica \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In quest'articolo l'autore presenta brevemente una nuova teoria nel campo della Semantica, la Se- mantica Operazionale (S.O.). La S.O. si occupa dei significati di tutti quegli elementi linguistici che sono indispensabili per ogni espressione linguistica, cioè, principalmente, tutte le parole \\

Giulio Benedetti

7

Rural Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are 10 papers resulting from a workshop, involving representatives from 33 state developmental disabilities councils, designed to examine common problems and issues confronting developmentally disabled citizens in rural areas. Entries include the following titles and authors: "Who, What, and Where--Studying Prevalence of Developmental…

Miller, Jon, Ed.; And Others

8

Rural Prairie Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Rural Prairie Women" contains the work of two task forces: the Rural Social Work Task Force which looked at the forces active in North Dakota rural areas and the Rural Women Task Force which examined the position of women within those same rural communities. The relationship between the land, small towns, and sparse population is explored, as is…

Conrad, Kari

9

Cadres for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers qualities required of rural teachers in the USSR and implications for teacher education. Reports survey results of 430 rural teachers in the Tatar region concerning what a rural teacher must know and problems specific to rural teaching. Concludes that rural teachers must coordinate teaching with social work and face housing and material…

Iagofarova, D. S.

1990-01-01

10

Rural Logistics System Based on Rural Informatization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current status of rural informatization construction in China is analyzed, that is the relatively weak rural informatization, asymmetric market information, low level of information sharing, dispersedly allocated resources and no cross point among each other. The importance of information in rural logistic system is introduced: firstly, decision making of logistics system plan is based on information. Secondly, improvement of the

Cui-hong Hu

2010-01-01

11

Alcoholism and Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes patterns of problem drinking in rural areas, suggests factors which may influence the comparatively lower rates of alcoholism among rural residents, discusses the types of alcohol treatment available in rural communities, and offers preliminary ideas for applying the alcoholism-reducing factors of rural life to preventing alcoholism in…

DiNitto, Diana

1982-01-01

12

Rural Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special theme issue reports key results from a comprehensive assessment of skill development among the rural workforce and of rural education and job training in rural areas. This comprehensive assessment had three goals: to develop better measures of rural skills than were previously available, to identify human capital initiatives that…

Rural Development Perspectives, 1995

1995-01-01

13

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

14

The Rural Bellwether.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue of "State Education Leader" contains eight articles on rural education. "The Rural Bellwether" (Kathy Christie) discusses declining enrollment in rural schools, rural problems with teacher shortages and special education funding, issues related to school size and school district size, and distance learning initiatives. "Iowa Links…

Walker, Sherry Freeland, Ed.

2001-01-01

15

Rural Economies and Disability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Both the rural economy and the disability community in rural areas can benefit from a recognition that they are mutually dependent. With the decline of rural America, the economic base underpinning all aspects of disability support systems is weakening. In addition, rural disability services often are compartmentalized along functional lines with…

O'Donnell, Dennis

16

Rural-Urban Connections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication combines three papers on rural and urban youth issues. "Key Issues Facing Rural Youth" (Daniel F. Perkins) notes that rural adolescents share the same concerns and exhibit the same problem behaviors as their urban counterparts. But in addition, geographic isolation presents problems unique to rural areas. A framework is proposed…

Perkins, Daniel F.; LaGreca, Anthony J.; Mullis, Ronald L.

17

Rural Development Progress Report 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a world linked at the speed of light, 'rural' no longer means 'isolated'. Traditional industries remain important, but the Internet revolution and rural broadband have dramatically expanded the horizons of rural communities. Rural-based businesses can ...

2009-01-01

18

Rural Policies for the 1990s. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by some of the foremost experts on rural America, this book focuses on policy-relevant research on the problems of rural areas. In each chapter, rural policy needs are identified by examining the flow of events and rural sociology of the 1980s. Chapters are: (1) "Critical Times for Rural America: The Challenge for Rural Policy in the…

Flora, Cornelia B., Ed.; Christenson, James A., Ed.

19

Rural Policies for the 1990s. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written by some of the foremost experts on rural America, this book focuses on policy-relevant research on the problems of rural areas. In each chapter, rural policy needs are identified by examining the flow of events and rural sociology of the 1980s. Chapters are: (1) "Critical Times for Rural America: The Challenge for Rural Policy in the…

Flora, Cornelia B., Ed.; Christenson, James A., Ed.

20

National Rural Health Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The antiquated image of the "old-time" family doctor traveling hundreds of miles to see patients widely dispersed across the rural landscape may remain in the minds of some persons, but the truth of the matter is that many persons in rural America have relatively little access to adequate health care. Advocating on the behalf of rural Americans (and their health) is the National Rural Health Association (NRHA). While some of the material on the site is available only to members, there is certainly enough publicly available information here to warrant several visits. On the site, visitors can read about rural health policy and read articles from the NRHA's own publication, The Journal of Rural Health. Of additional value is the NRHA issue papers and policy briefs section, which includes papers that cover topics such as the special needs of rural veterans and HIV/AIDS in rural America and its disproportionate impact on minority and multicultural populations.

21

Rural Emergency Medical Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report finds that many State emergency medical service (EMS) systems are fragmented and lacking resources to remedy EMS problems in rural areas. Many rural EMS programs lack specialized EMS providers, have inadequate EMS transportation and communicati...

1989-01-01

22

Rural Education Issues: Rural Administrators Speak Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the issues that most affect Minnesota's rural public school administrators as they attempt to fulfill the mandates required from state legislation and communities. A second purpose was to identify exemplary practices valued by individual Minnesota rural schools and districts. Electronic surveys were sent…

Williams, Julia; Nierengarten, Gerry

2010-01-01

23

ANIMATION RURALE: Education for Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information gathered via literature review, interview, and personal observation was used to examine the effectiveness of animation rurale programs in Senegal and Niger, French West Africa. Identifiable animation rurale assumptions tested as applicable to Senegal and Niger were: nationwide development programs at the grass roots level can be…

Moulton, Jeanne Marie

24

Rural Education: Learning to Be Rural Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper draws on research which began in 2006 with students in a graduate course on rural education. Its purpose was to find out what graduate students saw as current issues of rural education, how that compared to the literature, and what they thought supporting agencies such as government and universities needed to be doing to…

Barter, Barbara

2008-01-01

25

Rural Education and Rural Community Viability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This thesis examines the ways in which rural schools support or undermine rural community viability in the United States. Beginning in the late 19th century, the diverse people of the United States came under the power of a single ideology of modernization and the superiority of urban culture. This ideology has resulted in the American transition…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape

26

Energy for rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 72 million households in rural India do not have access to electricity and rely primarily on traditional biofuels. This research investigates how rural electrification could be achieved in India using different energy sources and what the effects for climate change mitigation could be. We use the Regional Energy Model (REM) to develop scenarios for rural electrification for the period

Frauke Urban; René M. J. Benders; Henri C. Moll

2009-01-01

27

Agriculture and Rural Viability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Agriculture and the rural economic bases in mining, fisheries, forestry, and natural resource extraction are experiencing major social and economic changes. The farm and rural crises of the 1980s are not short-term aberrations, but symptoms of long-term trends that were partially hidden by the relatively good times for agriculture and rural areas…

North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh. Agricultural Experiment Station.

28

Uninsured Rural Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Although research shows higher uninsured rates among rural versus urban individuals, prior studies are limited because they do not examine coverage across entire rural families. Purpose: This study uses the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) to compare rural and urban insurance coverage within families, to inform the design of…

Ziller, Erika C.; Coburn, Andrew F.; Anderson, Nathaniel J.; Loux, Stephenie L.

2008-01-01

29

Pockets of Rural Prosperity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pennsylvania's rural areas are often characterized as having lower incomes and lower housing values than urban areas. This characterization is not universally accurate, however, since there are some impressive pockets of wealth within rural Pennsylvania. To highlight the diversity of wealth among Pennsylvania's rural municipalities, the Center…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, 2004

2004-01-01

30

Conceptualizing Integrated Rural Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural spaces are no longer associated purely with agricultural commodity production but are seen as locations for the stimulation of new socio-economic activity, often incorporating tourism, leisure, speciality food production and consumption and e-commerce. Within the context of debates about integrated and territorial approaches to rural development in Europe's ‘lagging regions’, this paper introduces the notion of ‘integrated rural tourism’

Gunjan Saxena; Gordon Clark; Tove Oliver; Brian Ilbery

2007-01-01

31

[Rural School Administrator's Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains resources on five topics relevant to rural school administrators. "Assessing Parent Involvement: A Checklist for Rural Schools": discusses educator beliefs that support successful parent engagement programs, challenges and advantages of rural schools attempting to involve parents and community, and aspects of successful…

AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.

32

Rural Women and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because some rural women underutilize their increased schooling while others are disadvantaged by low educational attainment and underdeveloped skills, and in order to help determine policy alternatives to meet rural women's educational needs, the educational attainments and labor force participation of rural white and minority women were…

Fratoe, Frank A.

33

Rural Administrative Leadership Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource book on rural administrative leadership is the result of 1988 interviews with school administrators involved in successful rural educational programs. The material is divided into eight chapters, each self-contained for separate use. Chapter 1, "Getting to Know the Community," addresses qualities of living and working in rural

Tift, Carolyn

34

Center for Rural Affairs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As their mission statement states, the Center for Rural Affairs is "committed to building communities that stand for social justice, economic opportunity, and environmental stewardship." One of the highlights of the Center's site is their monthly newsletter that offers a range of pertinent news stories dealing with national events affecting rural America. For persons in rural areas, the Rural Enterprise Assistance Project section will be most helpful, offering numerous outreach programs, such as a Women's Business Center, information on small business loans, and a newsletter. Also of interest is an area that highlights legislative actions and current bills affecting rural areas (most notably, legislation related to agriculture and farming).

35

Innovación y cambio rural: el turismo en el desarrollo local sostenible  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ante la cambiante evolución de la economía sectorial y global, los productores recurren a estrategias adaptativas diversas que implican una nueva transformación socioproductiva y espacial, producto del agotamiento del modelo económico anterior. Se presentan los procesos que transforman al espacio rural y las nuevas conceptualizaciones. El fomento de estrategias adaptativas de reconversión, el rescate de valores tradicionales del medio rural,

Guillermina Fernández; Aldo Ramos

2007-01-01

36

Joining Rural Development Theory and Rural Education Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Karl N. Stauber proposes three goals for rural development policy: helping the rural middle class survive, reducing concentrated rural poverty, and sustaining and improving the quality of the natural environment. In contrast to other visions, he advises policy that focuses on rural places rather than rural economic sectors such as agriculture,…

Hammer, Patricia Cahape

37

LAS INSTITUCIONES CULTURALES Y SU ACCIONAR EN LAS TRADICIONES MUSICALES. VISTO DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA SOCIOLÓGICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

En Cuba, la preservación del patrimonio intangible, es decir, de la cultura popular y tradicional, las tradiciones orales, musicales, danzarías, etc., tienen una gran importancia en la vida de nuestras comunidades, particularmente en las zonas rurales. Para una mejor comprensión de la problemática los estudios se centran en la labor de la institución cultural y sus influencias en el desarrollo

Jaime Tamayo Rodríguez; Eyedelkis Medina García; Raida Rodríguez Noa

2012-01-01

38

Rural Policy Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the past several decades, a number of policy institutes and think-tanks have been formed to open a substantial dialogue about issues affecting rural communities. The Rural Policy Research Institute is one of these organizations, and involves scientists and policy analysts from Iowa State University, the University of Missouri, the University of Nebraska and other affiliated institutions. The Web site is divided into a number of sections, including a publications area, a section that contains editorials written by Institute fellows and staff members, and an area dedicated to providing information about helpful resources such as basic statistics about rural America. On the left side of the home page, visitors can also browse the Web pages of the Institute's affiliated centers such as the Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis and the Rural Poverty Research Center. Finally, users can elect to sign up for an electronic newsletter that will update them about upcoming events, conferences, and publications related to rural policy issues.

39

USDA Rural Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USDA Rural Development agency is committed "to helping improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America". Its various financial programs and loans support the development and realization of such public facilities as water and sewer systems and also aid in various economic development initiatives aimed at improving conditions in rural settings across the country. On the site visitors can view the latest news from the agency along with reading about various grant and loan programs, such as water and waste disposal improvement programs. Thematically, the site is divided into areas such as community development, cooperatives, and utilities. Rural officials and policy specialists will find much to look over in the publications section, such as rural development factsheets, and equally importantly, the archives of the Rural Cooperatives Magazine, which is published six times a year.

40

The Rural Challenge: Rural Schools and Communities Working as Partners for the Future of Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Annenberg Rural Challenge locates and funds exemplary rural public school programs to serve as models for rural education reform. The guiding theory of the Rural Challenge is that when rural schools base their teaching on the economy, ecology, history, and culture of their communities while fully engaging the community in the school's work,…

Annenberg Rural Challenge, Granby, CO.

41

Reluctant rural regionalists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These arguments have long been deployed in the top-down restructuring of rural public administration; for example,

Peter V. Hall; Pamela Stern

2009-01-01

42

Ad Hoc Rural Regionalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or…

Hamin, Elisabeth M.; Marcucci, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

43

Ad hoc rural regionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new regionalism has been much documented and researched for metropolitan areas; this article documents that there is a new rural regionalism as well. In the United States, these groups appear most likely to emerge in areas that are challenged by outcomes characterizing globalization's effects on the rural condition: namely, exurban or metropolitan sprawl and the resulting landscape fragmentation, often

Elisabeth M. Hamin; Daniel J. Marcucci

2008-01-01

44

Rural Communities: Legacy & Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help identify, analyze, and address problems that are found in rural parts of the United States. It focuses on the community as the place where individuals come together in order to solve those problems. The book's 13 chapters are divided into 4 sections. The first section discusses rural definition and community…

Flora, Cornelia Butler; And Others

45

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Brigham Young University's elementary rural teacher training program which has successfully provided rural student teaching experiences for over 250 prospective teachers since 1973. Details live-in experience, financial structure, reciprocal benefits, and school district-university cooperation in teacher preparation. (NEC)

Campbell, Milo K.

1986-01-01

46

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the past 14 years, the elementary rural teacher training program at Brigham Young University (BYU), Utah, has successfully provided an 8-week student teaching experience which has assisted more than 250 prospective teachers in comparing their lifestyle and interests with those of rural America. Student participants are required to live with…

Campbell, Milo K.

47

Measuring Rural Hospital Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increased interest in the measurement of hospital quality has been stimulated by accrediting bodies, purchaser coalitions, government agencies, and other entities. This paper examines quality measurement for hospitals in rural settings. We seek to identify rural hospital quality measures that reflect quality in all hospitals and that are…

Moscovice, Ira; Wholey, Douglas R.; Klingner, Jill; Knott, Astrid

2004-01-01

48

Rural Development Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book seeks to provide a basis for reexamining rural development policy by presenting comprehensive and current information on the effectiveness of various rural policy approaches. An introduction that defines development terminology and discusses changing policy needs is followed by 13 chapters that represent the best recent research…

Sears, David W., Ed.; Reid, J. Norman, Ed.

49

Rural Communities: Legacy & Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is designed to help identify, analyze, and address problems that are found in rural parts of the United States. It focuses on the community as the place where individuals come together in order to solve those problems. The book's 13 chapters are divided into 4 sections. The first section discusses rural definition and community…

Flora, Cornelia Butler; And Others

50

Rural Education in Tasmania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses factors affecting rural education in Tasmania (Australia), including population trends, financial support, student enrollment, socioeconomic status of rural residents, and geographic isolation. Issues that need to be addressed include the status of small schools in Tasmania, costs associated with transporting students, staffing, low…

Harrington, Graham

1997-01-01

51

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Brigham Young University's elementary rural teacher training program which has successfully provided rural student teaching experiences for over 250 prospective teachers since 1973. Details live-in experience, financial structure, reciprocal benefits, and school district-university cooperation in teacher preparation. (NEC)|

Campbell, Milo K.

1986-01-01

52

Preparing Rural Elementary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the past 14 years, the elementary rural teacher training program at Brigham Young University (BYU), Utah, has successfully provided an 8-week student teaching experience which has assisted more than 250 prospective teachers in comparing their lifestyle and interests with those of rural America. Student participants are required to live…

Campbell, Milo K.

53

National Rural Education Association  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1907, the National Rural Education Association is an organization designed to provide educational and administrative support to rural schools throughout the United States. Located at the University of Oklahoma, the Association's Web site provides information about their activities, including a list of mini-grants, teaching awards, and a yearly calendar that will be of great help to persons working in rural education settings. The site also contains the organization's bylaws, general objectives, and a listing of standing committees and executive directors. Other resources on the site include a listing of national education laboratories and other links to national educational research and policy groups and institutions. Lastly, the site contains full-text editions of two of the Association's publications, "Rural Education News" and "Rural Educator."

1997-01-01

54

Reconnecting Rural America. Report on Rural Intercity Passenger Transportation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report summarizes the results of three regional symposia held during 1987-88 to gather grassroots information about rural passenger transportation needs across the country. The first section describes the structural transformation of rural America in the 1980s: (1) the rural economy; (2) rural population trends; (3) impact of information…

Stommes, Eileen S.

55

Rural America at a Glance. Rural Development Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing rural policies and programs. The economic expansion of the 1990s greatly benefited rural economies. Rural areas attracted both urban residents and immigrants. Hispanics accounted for over 25 percent of nonmetropolitan population…

Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

56

Information for rural development: challenge for Nigerian rural public libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nigeria is a developing country where the majority of the population live in rural areas. The majority of these rural dwellers are either non-literate or semi-literate. The need to involve them in the national development process cannot be overemphasized. This can be achieved through the identification of the information needs of rural dwellers and the provision of innovative rural public

Rose Bini Okiy

2003-01-01

57

Rural Youth: The Policy Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the advent of a Scottish Parliament and a Minister and Parliamentary Committee for Rural Affairs, there is now a broad consensus that policies are needed to generate "quality jobs" for young people in rural Scotland. This agenda is politically appealing, since it addresses various rural problems, including retention of young people in rural

Dey, Ian; Jentsch, Birgit

58

Criminal Justice in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen papers (largely from the 1979 National Symposium on Rural Justice) explore rural crime, criminals, and the rural criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts and the legal process, and jails and corrections). Each section begins with a synthesis. Part I contains two papers: one addresses past research and future directions of rural

Cronk, Shanler D., Ed.; And Others

59

Rural Health Issues. Keynote Address.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Medical students that come from rural areas are more likely to return to rural areas to practice, but rural students apply for medical school at half the rate of urban students. Factors that contribute to this problem are the lack of rural representation on medical school selection committees; centralization of medical education facilities in…

Hart, Gary

60

Workplace Learning in Rural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many people perceive rural America as being an almost completely agricultural, farming, or ranching economy. In fact, less than 7 percent of rural employment is in agriculture; service industries account for over half, and service and manufacturing together account for more than 66 percent of employment in rural areas. Rural regions take 50…

Reardon, Robert F.; Brooks, Ann K.

2008-01-01

61

Rural tourism in Southern Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review reveals a multitude of different ideas as to what constitutes rural tourism. A model is suggested that places farm, rural, and non-urban tourism into context. Based on a survey of rural operators and tourists in Southern Germany, several aspects of rural tourism are discussed. The main market segments are families with children and older couples, and their

Martin Oppermann

1996-01-01

62

Workplace Learning in Rural Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people perceive rural America as being an almost completely agricultural, farming, or ranching economy. In fact, less than 7 percent of rural employment is in agriculture; service industries account for over half, and service and manufacturing together account for more than 66 percent of employment in rural areas. Rural regions take 50…

Reardon, Robert F.; Brooks, Ann K.

2008-01-01

63

Economic Dimensions of Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural revitalization was the theme of the 1970s, and rural economic stress is the overriding issue of the 1980s. This stress is associated with both cyclical trends and with basic changes in the structure of the rural economy. These cyclical and structural changes affect, and are affected by, the human resource base of rural economies. Prior to…

Brown, David L.; Deavers, Kenneth L.

64

Successful Rural Finance Institutions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reviews the overall performance of four rural finance institutions (RFIs) operating in three developing countries: the Badan Kredit Kecamatan (BKK) and the Bank Rakyat Indonesia Unit Desa (BUD) in Indonesia, the Bank for Agriculture and Agricult...

J. Yaron

1992-01-01

65

Technology. Rural discount.  

PubMed

The Federal Communications Commission recently changed its definition of rural community, which could mean more affordable telecommunications rates for certain providers. June 30 is the deadline for funding applications. PMID:15828536

Bannon, Ed

2005-03-01

66

Guatemala's Rural Health Paraprofessionals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To redress the frequent bias of developing country health care systems toward providing high-cost, professional, curative care in urban areas to the neglect of delivering basic health care services in isolated rural areas, paraprofessional health workers ...

F. D. Colburn

1981-01-01

67

"Ruralizing" Presidential Job Advertisements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural community college presidential job advertisements that focus on geography, politics, and culture can improve the likelihood of a good fit between the senior leader and the institution. (Contains 2 figures.)|

Leist, Jay

2007-01-01

68

Labor's Final Rural \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural policy-making came under increasing pressure during 1990 and 1991 as a rural downturn rivalling the 1982-83 drought eroded farm incomes. International trade reform was stalled, the government procrastinated during the wool crisis and continued to be tardy in delivering the benefits of microeconomic reform to the agricultural sector. Also the liberal\\/National Coalition parties finally rallied to provide a coherent

Rolf Gerritsen

1992-01-01

69

Workforce issues in rural surgery.  

PubMed

Almost one quarter of America's population and one third of its landmass are defined as rural and served by approximately 20% of the nation's general surgeons. General surgeons are the backbone of the rural health workforce. There is significant maldistribution of general surgeons across regions and different types of rural areas. Rural areas have markedly fewer surgeons per population than the national average. The demography of the rural general surgery workforce differs substantially from the urban general surgery workforce, raising concerns about the extent to which general surgical services can be maintained in rural areas of the United States. PMID:19944809

Lynge, Dana Christian; Larson, Eric H

2009-12-01

70

Rural Development Perspectives, Volume 9, Issue 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The issue contains the following articles: Rural Development Policy: Responding to Change; Federal Rural Development Policy Since 1972; Rural America in the 1990's: Trends and Choices; A European Perspective: 12 Impressions of Rural America; Building Nati...

A. B. W. Effland A. C. Jansen L. M. Ghelfi T. D. Rowley W. A. Galston

1993-01-01

71

Country Roads: Counseling Psychology's Rural Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes number of rural inhabitants to present microcosm of rural America. Describes rising rates of alcoholism, child and spouse abuse, and depression among rural residents. Examines poverty in rural American. Focuses on rural practice, discussing the setting, concerns and dilemmas, and training issues. Looks at the rural context of counseling…

Birk, Janice M.

1994-01-01

72

Education Issues in Rural Schools of America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To have an impact on rural schools and communities, education researchers and reformers must stop approaching rural issues from an urban perspective, adopt a perspective that values rurality, and address issues specific to the rural context. Rural schools have contributed to the depletion of rural communities by focusing on individual mobility and…

Harmon, Hobart L.

73

Education Issues in Rural Schools of America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To have an impact on rural schools and communities, education researchers and reformers must stop approaching rural issues from an urban perspective, adopt a perspective that values rurality, and address issues specific to the rural context. Rural schools have contributed to the depletion of rural communities by focusing on individual mobility…

Harmon, Hobart L.

74

Development Model of Rural Industrialization in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the implementation of the policy of expanding domestic demand, farmers have become the main body of rural economy and rural industrialization. Development of rural industrialization promotes the development of rural economy in China, effectively transfers the surplus labor force in rural areas, continuously optimizes the rural economic structure, improves the living standard of farmers, and has made important contributions

Weihong Chen; Ruide Zhang; Guichuan Liu

2009-01-01

75

The Rural Arena: The Diversity of Protest in Rural England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past 15-20 years, the rural areas of England have been used by a wide diversity of groups as the stage for their protest activities. Some have argued that this is due the rise of a rural social movement; this paper contends that rural areas have become both available and advantageous as the locale of protest through a range of interlocking…

Reed, Matt

2008-01-01

76

Rural Youth as a Factor of Rural Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine West German rural youths' involvement in and availability to the mechanism of social change, surveys of youth aged 17-28 in towns of less than 5,000 people were made in 1955, 1968, and 1980. Between 1955 and 1980 the social structure of rural youth changed dramatically, especially in employment. In 1955, 55% of rural youth…

Planck, Ulrich

77

Persistent Poverty in Rural America. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this volume, the Rural Sociological Society Task Force on Persistent Rural Poverty analyzes the leading explanations of persistent rural poverty and points out new directions in theory that should provide a firmer foundation for antipoverty policies and programs. Written by over 50 leading social scientists, the Task Force report explains that…

Rural Sociological Society, Bozeman, MT.

78

Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News, 1997-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the 10 quarterly issues of "Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News," published from Fall 1997 to Winter 2000 (the final issue). This newsletter focused on projects funded by the Annenberg Rural Challenge, as well as research summaries and opinion pieces on the benefits of small schools, place-based education, and community…

Rural Matters: The Rural Challenge News, 2000

2000-01-01

79

The Rural Arena: The Diversity of Protest in Rural England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 15-20 years, the rural areas of England have been used by a wide diversity of groups as the stage for their protest activities. Some have argued that this is due the rise of a rural social movement; this paper contends that rural areas have become both available and advantageous as the locale of protest through a range of interlocking…

Reed, Matt

2008-01-01

80

Rural Health Care Demonstration Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A rural health care demonstration project attempted to develop various types of family practices to serve as models for increasing the availability of primary health care in rural areas. The hypothesis was that family nurse practitioners could be employed...

L. H. Andrus

1976-01-01

81

Rural Development Progress Report 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

USDA Rural Development leads the Federal effort to increase economic opportunity and improve the quality of life in rural America. The mission is broad and - with President Bush's initiatives for an ownership society, better access to critical health care...

2005-01-01

82

Rural Development Progress Report 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For more than 70 years, USDA Rural Development with its founding agencies has been a creative force for rural America. We provide support for vital community services; modern healthcare facilities; emergency services; water, wastewater, electric, telecomm...

2008-01-01

83

Rural Special Education: A Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article lists and discusses five problems in rural special education: a) low population density, b) financial constraints resulting from lower tax bases, c) rural flight, d) inability to recruit and retain quality personnel, and e) lack of future. (HMD)|

Heller, Harold W.

1975-01-01

84

Rural Emergency Nursing Instructors Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rural Emergency Nursing manual is a composite of essential emergency nursing content for the rural emergency department nurse instructor. Each content module was developed by a recognized professional in the 'specific' area. The developer is identifie...

M. Miller

1979-01-01

85

New Directions in Rural Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Knowledge of major economic forces shaping the future of rural America provides insights about the likely importance and effectiveness of various broad program alternatives as components of a rural development policy. The rural economic base was transformed during the 1960s and 1970s from a primary dependence on natural resource activities,…

Deavers, Kenneth L.

86

Agrarian Reform and Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the plight of the world's poor, which was discussed at The World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development in July, 1979. Urban bias is attributed to the failure of rural development. More participation of rural people is needed. Progress is being made. Examples of literary programs in Iraq and the Sudan are included.…

Biswas, Margaret R.

1979-01-01

87

Public Services in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines issues in the delivery of public services in rural areas. The importance of access to urban areas in identifying differences in rural delivery problems is emphasized. It is no longer accurate to equate "rural" with agriculture and farming, drawing a distinction between those who have easy access to an urban area and those who…

Rainey, Kenneth D.

88

Youth in Rurality, A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Approximately 200 books, pamphlets, and documents published between 1949 and 1966 comprise this bibliography on rural youth. The primary emphasis is on the education of rural youth, but included is a wide spectrum of subjects that impinge on the rural environment, such as mental health, vocational aspirations and opportunities, functions of the…

Charles, Edgar B., Comp.

89

Recreation and the Rural Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This review of the literature on recreation for the rural elderly is organized into seven sections. The first section is a brief overview of the values and socio-economic characteristics of the rural elderly. In the next section, studies on the leisure interests and the recreation participation patterns of the rural elderly are presented. The…

Leitner, Michael J.; And Others

90

TOWARD A RURAL CRITICAL CRIMINOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of the extant literature reveals a recent growth in critical criminological analyses of rural crime and societal reactions to it. Nevertheless, rural critical criminology is still in a state of infancy and requires much more development. Thus, heavily influenced by Taylor, Walton, and Young's (1973) path-breaking book The New Criminology and by research on woman abuse in rural

JOSEPH F. DONNERMEYER; WALTER DEKESEREDY

91

Rural Consumer Health Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A health consumer survey was conducted in three rural Maine towns during July and August of 1971. Two questionnaires were used in the survey, one for households and one for individuals. In the household survey, 270 questionnaires were administered and wer...

1972-01-01

92

Reluctant Rural Regionalists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recently, scholars have begun to explore questions of regionalism and regionalization in rural contexts. Regionalism is often understood and presented as a pragmatic solution to intractable problems of fragmentation, inefficiency, accountability, spillover and neglect in the face of economic restructuring and other external threats. These…

Hall, Peter V.; Stern, Pamela

2009-01-01

93

The Rural Advantage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science teachers in rural areas have the opportunity to present their students with concrete examples of science concepts they're studying simply by going outdoors. Examples presented focus on earth science, food webs, succession, and comparative ecology. Tips for developing topics using outdoor experiences are included. (JM)|

Coble, Charles R.; Koballa, Thomas R., Jr.

1983-01-01

94

Rural Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing affordable and comprehensive metal health services for those who need these services is a tremendous challenge for the helping professions. The demand for services across the nation exceeds the ability of the mental health community to provide them. This is especially true for rural communities. DeLeon (2000) reported that even though 25% of the citizens of the United States

DAVID L. FENELL; ALAN J. HOVESTADT

95

Information and Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines approaches taken to development in lesser developed countries in the past, discusses the importance of appropriate technology and human development, and summarizes the information needs of the rural poor in developing nations. Information dissemination programs using video- and audiotape technology in Bangladesh, Guatemala, and Peru are…

Storm, Bonnie L.

1982-01-01

96

Special Issue: Rural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The issue discusses the role of the International Labour Office in the field of workers' education for rural workers and their organizations. Articles discuss labor conditions, child labor in agriculture, gender and equality training, trade unions, fair trade, and changing patterns of food production. Appendixes include information about…

Goodson, Elizabeth; And Others

1995-01-01

97

Rural Use of Biogas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A manual on the production and use of biogas in the rural areas of China is presented. The importance of biogas production for improving the agricultural level is stressed and its properties are explained. The basic principles in the construction and main...

1976-01-01

98

Globalization and Rural Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a rice village in the Philippines as a social observatory, the impacts of modernization forces under globalization on rural poverty are assessed based on data collected from recurrent household surveys over the past three decades. After cultivation frontiers closed in the early 1950s relentless population increases continued to press hard on limited land resources in this village. This pauperizing

Yujiro Hayami

99

Women in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In rural America 34 million culturally and economically diverse women share the common problem of unfair treatment based on sex. Although in recent years women have begun to question the social attitudes limiting their aspirations, a formidable gap exists between their expectations and the archaic legal, social, and economic policies that…

Rural America, Inc., Washington, DC.

100

Rural Incubator Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This profile summarizes the responses of 20 managers of rural business incubators, reporting on their operations, entry and exit policies, facility promotion, service arrangements and economic development outcomes. Incubators assist small businesses in the early stages of growth by providing them with rental space, shared services, management and…

Weinberg, Mark L.

101

Rural Family Day Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural family day care settings are reviewed and the need for back up resources is emphasized. Suggestions are made for action by responsible agencies, trainers and others concerned with the delivery of effective child care services, particularly when appropriate group care is not available. (MS)|

Adams, Diane; Macht, Mary

1976-01-01

102

Energy requirements for rural development  

SciTech Connect

This study on the role of energy in the development of rural areas was originally conducted in the spring and summer of 1985. It was intended to serve as a background paper for the preparation of a program plan for the Office of Energy of the United States Agency for International Development. As such it begins with a brief overview of how rural development fits into national development, then offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about rural development in particular and the energy implications of the various components of rural development. Agriculture naturally comes to mind when rural areas are mentioned, but industry is an important component of rural activity as well. Consequently, both agricultural and nonagricultural energy use is discussed. Modernization of rural areas will change household, as well as production, energy use. However, household energy use is a veritable subject in its own right, with a large literature. Consequently, that topic is discussed in less detail than the production energy topics.

Jones, D.W.

1988-06-01

103

Rural Deposit Mobilization: An Alternative Approach for Developing Rural Financial Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Financial intermediation and rural finance; Traditional rural financial market projects; Rural deposit mobilization; Rural savings and institutional viability; Intersectoral flow of funds; Problems encountered in implementing financial reforms; ...

R. L. Meyer

1985-01-01

104

Poverty in the Rural United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Rural Sociological Society's Task Force on Persistent Rural Poverty describes rural poverty, comparing it to urban poverty; rejects human-capital, economic-organization, and culture-of-poverty theories of rural poverty and proposes research on 10 other theories; and discusses rural policy and its inequitable emphasis on farmers. (KS)

Dudenhefer, Paul

1993-01-01

105

Training For Rural Practice: The Way Ahead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a program initiated in 1992 to provide appropriate training for rural physicians and to address the shortage of physicians in rural Australia. Rural medical practice differs dramatically from urban practice in that there is limited access to specialist services in rural areas, thus requiring rural practitioners to be…

Doolan, Thomas; Nichols, Anna

106

Gender, class and rurality: Australian case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interrelationship between gender and class in rural spaces has received little attention. While rural scholars have focused on the implications for class from processes of gentrification and agricultural and rural restructuring, these analyses have remained largely ungendered. Similarly, feminist rural studies have rarely explored subjectivity as gendered and classed. This paper contributes to rural theories of class and gender

Lia Bryant; Barbara Pini

2009-01-01

107

Center for Rural Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at the University of Vermont, the Center for Rural Studies draws on the strengths of professors, researchers, and community development experts to address the "social, economic, and resource-based problems of rural people and communities." Visitors to the site are presented with a wide range of ways to access the reports, data tables, and other such information offered here. One of the site's highlights is the Vermont Indicators Online project, which includes detailed information about the towns, villages, and counties contained within the boundaries of this free-spirited state. What is particularly nice about this project is that the data can also be browsed through a visualization tool that allows visitors to zoom in and out across the state.

2005-01-01

108

Rural children at risk.  

PubMed

The Family Life Project (FLP) is the most ambitious study ever launched to chart the course of social, emotional, and cognitive development of young, rural children-beginning at birth. The present monograph describes important findings from the research through three years of age. This commentary addresses several issues raised by the authors including the need for more rural research on child development, the representativeness of the study population and retention rates, methods for measuring socioeconomic disadvantage, the implications of the findings for theoretical models of socioeconomic influences on families and children, and the guidance the current findings provide for future research, social policy, and preventive interventions. I especially emphasize the extreme poverty and disadvantage of the African American families in the study. PMID:24147444

Conger, Rand D

2013-10-01

109

Rural Energy Conference Project  

SciTech Connect

Alaska remains, even at the beginning of the 21st century, a place with many widely scattered, small, remote communities, well beyond the end of both the road system and the power grid. These communities have the highest energy costs of any place in the United States, despite the best efforts of the utilities that service them. This is due to the widespread dependence on diesel electric generators, which require small capital investments, but recent increases in crude oil prices have resulted in dramatic increases in the cost of power. In the enabling legislation for the Arctic Energy Office in 2001, specific inclusion was made for the study of ways of reducing the cost of electrical power in these remote communities. As part of this mandate, the University of Alaska has, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, the Denali Commission and the Alaska Energy Authority, organized a series of rural energy conferences, held approximately every 18 months. The goal of these meeting was to bring together rural utility operators, rural community leaders, government agency representatives, equipment suppliers, and researchers from universities and national laboratories to discuss the current state of the art in rural power generation, to discuss current projects, including successes as well as near successes. Many of the conference presenters were from industry and not accustomed to writing technical papers, so the typical method of organizing a conference by requesting abstracts and publishing proceedings was not considered viable. Instead, the organizing committee solicited presentations from appropriate individuals, and requested that (if they were comfortable with computers) prepare Power point presentations that were collected and posted on the web. This has become a repository of many presentations, and may be the best single source of information about current projects in the state of Alaska.

Dennis Witmer; Shannon Watson

2008-12-31

110

Services in Rural Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The need for interdisciplinary collaboration and the open exchange of information among professionals in public health, medicine,\\u000a the ministry, and various mental health and social services disciplines is clearly demonstrated when mental health issues\\u000a affecting women are viewed in the context of rurality. This is particularly true when these mental health issues are considered\\u000a in terms of the broader perspective

Pamela L. Mulder; Robert Jackson; Sarah Jarvis

111

Rural health in pharmacy curricula.  

PubMed

The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act proposes strategies to address the workforce shortages of primary care practitioners in rural America. This review addresses the question, "What specialized education and training are colleges and schools of pharmacy providing for graduates who wish to enter pharmacy practice in rural health?" All colleges and schools accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education or those in precandidate status as of December 2011 were included in an Internet-based review of Web sites. A wide scope of curricular offerings were found, ranging from no description of courses or experiences in a rural setting to formally developed programs in rural pharmacy. Although the number of pharmacy colleges and schools providing either elective or required courses in rural health is encouraging, more education and training with this focus are needed to help overcome the unmet need for quality pharmacy care for rural populations. PMID:23193344

Thrasher, Kim; O'Connor, Shanna K; Joyner, Pamela U

2012-11-12

112

Rural Myths and Urban Ideologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument of this paper is grounded in the contention that the traditional city\\/bush, urban\\/rural distinctions made of Australian society represent a false dichotomy. Rather, it is suggested that this distinction serves an ideological purpose in opposing, for example, rural and urban workers, rural and urban owners\\/managers etc. The rhetoric and the reality of Australian cultural mythologies is analysed with

Judith L. Kapferer

1990-01-01

113

Committed to the Future of Rural Communities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Increasing economic opportunity and improving the quality of life for people in rural America is the goal of USDAs Rural Development mission area. USDA believes rural Americans deserve the same services enjoyed by people in suburban and urban areas while ...

2009-01-01

114

Evaluation of Four Rural Housing Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the study was to provide the Office of Economic Opportunity with an evaluation of four rural housing programs: Rural Development Corporation (RDC) in California; the rural component of the Low-Income Housing Development Corporation (LIHDC) ...

1970-01-01

115

Rural Health Care and Interdisciplinary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|James Madison University's undergraduate course, Interdisciplinary Rural Primary Health Care, addresses the shortage of professionals in rural areas, increases student awareness of the needs of rural populations, and helps students try out career choices in this area. (SK)|

LaSala, Kathleen B.; Hopper, Sandra K.; Rissmeyer, David J.; Shipe, Diane P. S.

1997-01-01

116

Desarrollo y procesos de innovación económica en espacios rurales. Valoración de experiencias en Castilla y León  

Microsoft Academic Search

El món rural ha sofert els últims anys una pèrdua de personalitat com a conseqüència de la urbanització i els forts canvis econòmics de la societat. Aquesta realitat provoca que aquelles comarques que no siguin capaces d’adaptar-se a la nova economia, mitjançant la innovació i la competitivitat, vegin agreujada la seva crisi i marginalitat en un món dominat pels mercats

José Luis Alonso Santos

2005-01-01

117

Revitalizing Rural Communities: Lessons from the Rural Community College Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MDC, Inc. is a private nonprofit whose mission is to expand opportunities, reduce poverty, and build inclusive communities in the South. The Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) is a national project that supports community colleges in distressed rural areas in moving their people and communities toward prosperity. MDC and the Ford Foundation…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

118

Gentrifying the Rural? Planning and Market Processes in Rural Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural gentrification represents an emerging research agenda in the context of social transformation of rural localities. Having as a case study the Republic of Ireland, which provides a case of a laissez-faire planning system, this paper first addresses supply-side factors that have provided key preconditions for gentrification to take place. Then, using survey data in case study localities, we examine

Menelaos Gkartzios; Mark Scott

2012-01-01

119

Rural Leaders, Rural Places: Problem, Privilege, and Possibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present a case study of the influence of rurality and a sense of place on leaders' beliefs about purposes of local schooling and their concomitant theories of action in one rural school district. Interview data show that despite their portrayal of life in the valley as a privilege, most leaders viewed their place as presenting more problems than possibilities

Kathleen Budge

2006-01-01

120

Reaching Out to Rural Learners. Rural Economy Series Bulletin 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin explores sociological and technological problems encountered in a project undertaken by the East Devon College of Further Education using an audio teleconferencing system to deliver community college courses to the rural unemployed in English villages. The project team identified the characteristics of several types of rural Devon…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

121

A proposed rural healthcare ethics agenda.  

PubMed

The unique context of the rural setting provides special challenges to furnishing ethical healthcare to its approximately 62 million inhabitants. Although rural communities are widely diverse, most have the following common features: limited economic resources, shared values, reduced health status, limited availability of and accessibility to healthcare services, overlapping professional-patient relationships and care giver stress. These rural features shape common healthcare ethical issues, including threats to confidentiality, boundary issues, professional-patient relationship and allocation of resources. To date, there exists a limited focus on rural healthcare ethics shown by the scarcity of rural healthcare ethics literature, rural ethics committees, rural focused ethics training and research on rural ethics issues. An interdisciplinary group of rural healthcare ethicists with backgrounds in medicine, nursing and philosophy was convened to explore the need for a rural healthcare ethics agenda. At the meeting, the Coalition for Rural Health Care Ethics agreed to a definition of rural healthcare ethics and a broad-ranging rural ethics agenda with the ultimate goal of enhancing the quality of patient care in rural America. The proposed agenda calls for increasing awareness and understanding of rural healthcare ethics through the development of evidence--informed, rural-attuned research, scholarship and education in collaboration with rural healthcare professionals, healthcare institutions and the diverse rural population. PMID:17329381

Nelson, W; Pomerantz, A; Howard, K; Bushy, A

2007-03-01

122

Delinquent behavior of Dutch rural adolescents.  

PubMed

This article compares Dutch rural and non-rural adolescents' delinquent behavior and examines two social correlates of rural delinquency: communal social control and traditional rural culture. The analyses are based on cross-sectional data, containing 3,797 participants aged 13-18 (48.7% females). The analyses show that rural adolescents are only slightly less likely to engage in delinquent behavior. Furthermore, while rural adolescents are exposed more often to communal social control, this does not substantially reduce the likelihood that they engage in delinquent behavior. Concerning rural culture, marked differences appeared between rural and non-rural adolescents. First, alcohol use and the frequency of visiting pubs were more related to rural adolescents' engagement in delinquent behavior. Second, the gender gap in delinquency is larger among rural adolescents: whereas rural boys did not differ significantly from non-rural boys, rural girls were significantly less likely to engage in delinquent behavior than non-rural girls. However, the magnitude of the effects of most indicators was rather low. To better account for the variety of rural spaces and cultures, it is recommended that future research into antisocial and criminal behavior of rural adolescents should adopt alternative measurements of rurality, instead of using an indicator of population density only. PMID:21431337

Weenink, Don

2011-03-23

123

Rural Justice and Legal Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Poor rural residents are often denied equal protection, due process, and other constitutional rights given to every American. The application of justice in rural America is lacking in its: (1) law enforcement quality, (2) judicial process functions, and (3) participation by the poor and ethnic minorities residing within its jurisdiction. Several…

Rural Housing Alliance, Washington, DC.

124

Finding Fairness for Rural Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High-poverty schools in rural areas and small towns are under attack from state policy makers who want to consolidate these schools in order to save money. In addition to calls for consolidation, rural schools also are threatened by unfair and inadequate funding formulas.|

Strange, Marty

2011-01-01

125

Livelihoods perspectives and rural development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Livelihoods perspectives have been central to rural development thinking and practice in the past decade. But where do such perspectives come from, what are their conceptual roots, and what influences have shaped the way they have emerged? This paper offers an historical review of key moments in debates about rural livelihoods, identifying the tensions, ambiguities and challenges of such approaches.

Ian Scoones

2009-01-01

126

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

127

Rural Teachers in Project Launch  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The success of Project Launch, a teacher induction program sponsored by a regional teacher center and a consortium of universities, is compared for rural and non-rural participants. Indicators of success include teacher accomplishment of action plan goals, teacher self and mentor assessment of teaching strengths related to action plan goals,…

Harris, Mary M.; Holdman, Linda; Clark, Robin; Harris, T. Robert

2005-01-01

128

Renewable Energy for Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education in rural communities is an important priority, in many cases, electricity is not available to support rural educational activities. Renewable energy systems present a reasonable solution to support activities such as lighting, computers, telecommunications, and distance learning. There are certain factors and criteria that need…

Jimenez, Antonio C.; Lawand, Tom

129

Public Education in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like agriculture, public education in rural America has increasingly moved away from a small community orientation to larger consolidations. The forces of modernization, consolidation, and urbanization challenge the rural community to create a pragmatically viable alternative to the metropolitan way of life, because by adopting urban practices and…

Sher, Jonathan P.; And Others

130

Rural Sociology at the Crossroads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A complex array of socio-historical, demographic, and organizational factors have combined in recent years to threaten both the current status of and future prospects for the discipline of rural sociology, and for the Rural Sociological Society (RSS). This paper examines the somewhat problematic recent trajectories of the RSS as a professional…

Krannich, Richard S.

2008-01-01

131

Portrait of Rural Virtual Schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Over the past two decades, distance education has become a reality of rural schooling in Newfoundland and Labrador. In thisarticle, I provide historicalbackground into the challenges facing rural schools in the province and how distance education was introduced to address that challenge. I also describe how that system of distance education evolved from a system that used the telephone

Michael K. Barbour

132

Rural Adult Education in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adult education in rural areas in Australia provides a contrast both in its general mood and intentions and in its organization with that in the United States. Particularly in rural areas, there seems to be less of the compulsion to organize groups (there are usually no school boards, no chambers of commerce, no women's clubs, no youth centers)…

Roberts, Hew

133

School efficiency in rural Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper addresses the issues concerning the ability of the educational sector in Guatemala to meet its basic objective of providing primary education to children in rural areas. We report on data collected in seven villages in rural Guatemala on over 2000 children. Measures of school efficiency in these villages indicate that although increasingly large numbers of children are

Kathleen S. Gorman; Ernesto Pollitt

1992-01-01

134

Rural Access. AACC Project Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Community College Initiative (RCCI) provides funds and technical assistance to targeted community colleges in an effort to improve educational access and foster economic development in distressed rural areas of the United States. This project brief describes RCCI's attempts to increase access by implementing an approach more holistic…

Eller, Ronald; Martinez, Ruben; Pace, Cynthia; Pavel, Michael; Garza, Hector; Barnett, Lynn

135

Helping Rural Schools Achieve Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Senator Collins of Maine plans to fight for proper federal funding of the Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP) that allows rural schools to combine federal funding sources. Collins, and Senator Dianne Feinstein, will soon introduce legislation that will eliminate inequities in the current Social Security law that penalize teachers and other…

Collins, Susan

2003-01-01

136

POWER IN A RURAL COUNTY  

Microsoft Academic Search

To more fully understand power structures in rural settings, this article investigates the power structure of an economically depressed rural county in southwestern Pennsylvania. The power structure must be viewed in the context of the economic hard times that the county has confronted. In this regard, there has been a decline in the number of local economic notables over the

WILLIAM BEAVER; ERIC COHEN

2004-01-01

137

Noise Exposures of Rural Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This project was conducted to characterize the noise exposure of adolescents living in rural and agricultural environments. Methods: From May to October, 25 adolescents ages 13 through 17, living either on a farm or a rural nonfarm, were enrolled in the study. Subjects received training on the correct operation and use of personal noise…

Humann, Michael; Sanderson, Wayne; Flamme, Greg; Kelly, Kevin M.; Moore, Genna; Stromquist, Ann; Merchant, James A.

2011-01-01

138

Issues of Rural Light Pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light pollution is generally considered mostly an urban problem. Common sources of light pollution are poorly designed lighting of streets, parking lots, businesses and advertizing signs and for security. These sources, and the amount of light pollution generated, increase with population density. Nevertheless, light pollution can also be significant in rural areas. Rural light pollution differs from that in urban

W. H. Osborn; R. L. Hammer; A. Hammer

2001-01-01

139

Sustainable mobility in rural China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural areas in China suffer from various problems. The stagnating economic development and a lack of (sufficient) job opportunities and basic services, etc., lead to disadvantages for great parts of China's population. In this context, the transport sector plays a crucial role for the development of rural settlements.Although the degree of undersupply varies between villages, the situation of Chinese villages

Holger Dalkmann; Sabine Hutfilter; Karin Vogelpohl; Peter Schnabel

2008-01-01

140

Mental Health in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent national data suggests that there is a similarity between the prevalence of clinically defined mental health problems, as well as comorbidity including substance abuse, among rural and urban adult populations. However, due to the lack of a mental health and substance abuse infrastructure in rural areas, many times these disorders go…

National Rural Health Association, Kansas City, MO.

141

USDA: Rural and Community Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States government has been involved in rural development support for over seventy years, and the United States Department of Agriculture's Rural and Community Development program has spearheaded many of these initiatives directly. Users of the site should first look at their homepage, which provides recent announcements and website features, such as information about rural development policy and related pieces of legislation. The homepage also includes information on backyard conservation, utility services, and drought assistance. Near the bottom of the homepage, visitors will find links to recent reports, such as "Promoting Tourism in Rural America". Additionally, the homepage also provides access to the Journal of Extension and Rural Cooperatives Magazine. Finally, the site also includes a database of farmers' markets across the United States.

142

Rural African women and development.  

PubMed

70-90% of Africans still live in rural areas, and 25-30% of rural households are headed by women. Standards of living in rural areas are lower than in urban areas. Rural African women's involvement in development is in its initial stages, and social development for women is likely to be slow. Increasing women's opportunities for education is a means of promoting social justice and fairness. Schools should offer courses of practical value for those not planning on higher education and special programs and career counseling for gifted girls. Women's organizations, African leaders, and other influential parties should aggressively create awareness about the oppressive aspects of traditional attitudes, beliefs, and views about women. Laws on ownership of property, inheritance, access to credit, and employment must be equitable and enforced. Consciousness-raising among rural women is an effective means of encouraging rural women to seek and assume new roles and for questioning unreasonable expectations and norms. Women's professional associations serve important functions and fulfill the need for role models. The quality of rural women's life is effectively improved through formulation of policies relevant to women's needs and problems and improve rural conditions. Women should have fair representation at local and national levels of government. Women's role in agriculture is likely to be enhanced through improved transportation systems, electricity supply, and introduction of intermediate technology. This assessment of rural African women's contributions to economic growth emphasizes women's involvement in farming and the informal sector and their lack of equal remuneration or low wages. Illiteracy places women in a disadvantaged position when competing for employment in the formal sector. Lack of access to credit and limits on credit are other obstacles in the informal sector. The reduced participation of rural women in the formal and informal sector is due to lack of economic power, limited educational opportunities, and policies that place industry in urban areas. Social development that reduces illiteracy and poverty should be encouraged. PMID:12346826

Kabadaki, K

1994-01-01

143

‘How to be a rural man’: Young men's performances and negotiations of rural masculinities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with young rural men and how they ‘do’ identity politics living in a rural area of Norway. Focusing on how masculinity and rurality are constructed and interrelated in young men's narratives of living in a remote community, it is identified that young rural men reproduce, negotiate and transform local discourses of rural masculinity. First, the article

Linda Marie Bye

2009-01-01

144

"How to Be a Rural Man": Young Men's Performances and Negotiations of Rural Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is concerned with young rural men and how they "do" identity politics living in a rural area of Norway. Focusing on how masculinity and rurality are constructed and interrelated in young men's narratives of living in a remote community, it is identified that young rural men reproduce, negotiate and transform local discourses of rural

Bye, Linda Marie

2009-01-01

145

Rural development and rural to urban migration in China 1978–1990  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic reforms since the late 1970s have brought about significant changes in rural China. A large number of surplus rural labourers have been released from the agricultural sector and there has been a massive transition of rural residents from agricultural to non-agricultural employment. These changes will be analyzed by examining the changes in the employment structure of rural residents. Rural

Jianfa Shen

1995-01-01

146

Rural Backwaters or Front-Runners? Rural Telehealth in the Vanguard of Psychology Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 20% of the United States population lives in rural areas, and rural clients often face serious access barriers to receiving psychology services. The acuity of rural need and growing ubiquity of the Internet among rural communities create opportunities for psychologists to provide assessment and treatment services to support rural clients at a distance using telehealth. This article reviews recent

Laura H. Schopp; George Demiris; Robert L. Glueckauf

2006-01-01

147

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

148

Rural Knowledge and Information Systems for Non-Agricultural Rural Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As developing countries gradually rely less upon agriculture for rural income, rural economies require new solutions to access knowledge and information systems for rural development. Non-agricultural rural knowledge and information systems can play a significant role in developing and disseminating successful strategies to escape rural poverty.…

Rivera, William M.

2006-01-01

149

Southern Rural Access Program: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Southern Rural Access Program, a grant program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in eight southern states, funds projects that nurture rural and disadvantaged students in health-care fields; build state, regional, or community capacity to recruit and retain rural health professionals; support rural health networks; and provide loans to…

Beachler, Michael; Holloman, Curtis; Herman, James

2003-01-01

150

Health Careers Education for Rural Primary Schoolchildren  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International and national studies have reported that health professionals who grew up in a rural area are more likely to return to work in a rural area than their urban raised counterparts. The chronic severe shortage of health professionals in rural and remote Australia has meant inequitable health care for rural and remote communities and a…

Gorton, Susan M.

2011-01-01

151

The Invisible Poor: Rural Youth in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes demographic information about rural populations in the United States and discusses a variety of issues that are relevant to rural youth poverty. Although recent poverty rates for rural areas were higher than urban poverty rates, the media and political forces have almost completely neglected the rural poor. Extensive census…

Hodgkinson, Harold; Obarakpor, Anita Massey

152

Burnout Among Rural School Psychologists 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses conditions in rural school settings which may create or exacerbate problems of burnout among rural school psychologists. Specifically, problems concerning role and function, professional support, visibility and preservice train­ ing are related to rural practice. Also, suggestions for coping with stress and burnout in rural settings are presented. Burnout has become an important issue for a variety

E. SCOTT HUEBNER

153

Social Studies Needs Assessment: Rural vs. Urban.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to a survey of social studies teachers in small, rural, midwest high schools: (1) social studies curriculum needs of rural students do not differ from those of urban students; (2) cultural aspects of rural and urban societies should be passed on to students by the formal education process; and (3) they incorporated rural-oriented aspects…

Huber, Joe; Forey, William

154

The Impact of Agribusiness on Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dramatic growth of multinational agribusiness corporations has led to all types of rural decline--social, demographic, institutional, and environmental. Historically, rural inhabitants and rural land have been abused and neglected in the name of progress. Rural development efforts often attract small assembly or light manufacturing plants that…

Theobald, Paul

155

Nature, Types and Scale of Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The issue of rural development has been surrounded by a number of debates regarding its nature, types, and scale. Included among the sources of controversy relating to rural development are the following areas: (1) the relation between rural development and rural industrialization, (2) the distribution of benefits and costs associated with…

Hill, Frances

156

The Impact of Agribusiness on Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dramatic growth of multinational agribusiness corporations has led to all types of rural decline--social, demographic, institutional, and environmental. Historically, rural inhabitants and rural land have been abused and neglected in the name of progress. Rural development efforts often attract small assembly or light manufacturing plants…

Theobald, Paul

157

Gender, Class and Rurality: Australian Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The interrelationship between gender and class in rural spaces has received little attention. While rural scholars have focused on the implications for class from processes of gentrification and agricultural and rural restructuring, these analyses have remained largely ungendered. Similarly, feminist rural studies have rarely explored…

Bryant, Lia; Pini, Barbara

2009-01-01

158

Rural Areas Feel Effects of Macroeconomic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Diversification of rural economies and changes in financial markets and world trade have broken down many barriers that insulated rural areas in the past. United States rural areas--the rural South and Northeast in particular--now appear to be affected slightly more than urban areas by national monetary and fiscal policies. (JHZ)|

Malley, James R.; Hady, Thomas F.

1987-01-01

159

Biopsychosocial imperatives from the rural perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural health issues are examined within a biopsychosocial framework by addressing three questions: what is meant by 'rural'? what are rural health needs? what factors must be considered in understanding and addressing these needs? Probably the single most important characteristic distinguishing rural from urban areas is low population density. This factor is particularly important in terms of its impact on

Sam M. Cordes

1985-01-01

160

Elements of a Sustainable Rural Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If a new and effective rural policy is to be crafted, policymakers must realize that rural America has changed a great deal in recent years. To be sustainable, rural policy must be flexible enough to accommodate continuing changes in global structure; be sufficiently targeted to address the unique concerns found in diverse rural situations;…

Pulver, Glen C.

161

Perspectives on Rural Child Care. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This digest reviews findings about the nature of rural child care and suggests implications for practitioners and policymakers. Rural families experience child care differently from urban ones on a number of counts. Center-based care is less available to rural children, and rural day care centers tend to be of lower quality in terms of teacher…

Beach, Betty A.

162

Attracting and Retaining Teachers in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the problem varies across the United States, overall there is a shortage of rural teachers, especially in the subject areas of math, science, and special education. Recruiting teachers for rural settings requires targeting persons with rural backgrounds, attacking the negative stereotypes surrounding rural schools, and stressing the…

Harmon, Hobart L.

163

Rural Areas Feel Effects of Macroeconomic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diversification of rural economies and changes in financial markets and world trade have broken down many barriers that insulated rural areas in the past. United States rural areas--the rural South and Northeast in particular--now appear to be affected slightly more than urban areas by national monetary and fiscal policies. (JHZ)

Malley, James R.; Hady, Thomas F.

1987-01-01

164

Rural Elementary School Teachers' Technology Integration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey responses from more than 500 third-grade teachers, this study addressed three research questions relating to technology integration and its impact in rural elementary schools. The first analyses compared rural with non-rural teachers, revealing that the rural teachers had more positive attitudes toward technology integration. Then…

Howley, Aimee; Wood, Lawrence; Hough, Brian

2011-01-01

165

Risk factors for injury in rural Iowa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Unintentional injuries represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in rural communities. This study aimed to determine the distribution of injury risk factors in a rural Iowa community and to identify the rural subgroups at highest risk for injury.Methods: We reported on 1583 participants, aged ?25 years, from Round One of the Keokuk County Rural Health Study, a

Craig Zwerling; James A Merchant; David L Nordstrom; Ann M Stromquist; Leon F Burmeister; Stephen J Reynolds; Kevin M Kelly

2001-01-01

166

Rural Health: Access to Care and Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lack of access to quality health care has been a long-standing risk for rural Americans. Multiple factors are emerging that may increase this risk in the future. The National Association for Home Care continuously keeps rural access on the radar and supports legislation that will preserve home care access to vulnerable rural areas. Of special interest are the rural elderly.

Julie A. Nelson; Barbara Stover Gingerich

2010-01-01

167

Prevalence of Hunger Declines in Rural Households.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The prevalence of hunger in rural households declined slightly from 1995 to 1998, and food insecurity rates stayed constant. Food insecurity was almost three times as prevalent among rural Blacks as among rural Whites. For rural Hispanics, the rate was about twice that of Whites. Food insecurity was higher in single-parent families than in any…

Nord, Mark; Winicki, F. Joshua

2000-01-01

168

Bassett healthcare rural surgery experience.  

PubMed

The surgical training at Bassett is naturally broader than in many university settings, with a survey showing that nearly 70% of graduates who practice general surgery remain in a rurally designated area. Rural surgery experience falls into 3 categories: undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate. The general surgery training program has no competing fellowships or subspecialty residencies; residents get significant experience with endoscopy; ear, nose, and throat; plastic and hand surgery; and obstetrics and gynecology. The rural setting lifestyle is valued by the students, residents, and fellows alike. It provides an ideal setting for recognizing the specific nuances of small-town American life, with a high-quality education and surgical experience. PMID:19944814

Borgstrom, David C; Heneghan, Steven J

2009-12-01

169

78 FR 26572 - Rural Call Completion and List of Rural Operating Carrier Numbers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...currently available list of rural Operating Carrier Numbers as a template for the reporting requirements proposed in the Rural Call Completion...calendar quarter. The Commission would specify an electronic template for this reporting requirement with a list of rural...

2013-05-07

170

The changing rural environment and the relationship between health services and rural development.  

PubMed Central

Author summarizes today's changing rural America and the challenges that health services researchers and policymakers face in relating the rural environment to the problems and possibilities of rural health services delivery.

Cordes, S M

1989-01-01

171

Educational Media for Rural Ecuador  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primitive conditions existing in rural Ecuador created unique problems for the University of Massachusetts project attempting to develop educational tools for the area. Author describes the approach taken and the learning devices which were produced. (Author)|

Gunter, Jock

1973-01-01

172

The Technology of Rural Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the nature of technical innovation in rural development, the conditions required for successful innovation in agriculture, and the implications of these for development activities. While maintaining an economic perspective, the study r...

J. P. McInerney

1978-01-01

173

Rural surgery: framing the issues.  

PubMed

Many rural residents have limited access to surgical care. Although this problem has been ongoing for the past few decades, several factors threaten to exacerbate the situation. The narrowing of general surgery practice, workforce shortages and inappropriate distribution of surgeons, changes in how surgeons are trained, and increasing health care costs contribute to the problem. Creative approaches to address these issues are needed to provide high-quality surgical services to the approximately 50 million Americans living in rural communities. PMID:19944808

Doty, Brit; Zuckerman, Randall

2009-12-01

174

Regional policy for rural settlements in Bulgaria.  

PubMed

Government policies concerning rural settlement and rural-urban migration in Bulgaria since 1944 are evaluated and described. The author observes that during this period, "Bulgaria...has undergone rapid urbanization.... The marked destructive processes in the rural settlement network since 1944, mainly due to the ageing of the rural population and its migration to the cities, have necessitated the implementation of an active regional policy in rural regions. A 'policy of key settlements' and 'a policy of key regions' were developed in recent years [to encourage rural development]." PMID:12317807

Tsekov, N

1992-01-01

175

Rural Development Long-Range Plan 2000-2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rural Business-Cooperative Service (RBS), the Rural Housing Service (RHS), and the Rural Utilities Service (RUS) constitute the Rural Development mission area. The mission area's efforts support Goal 4 of the USDA Strategic Plan-- 'Enhance the capacit...

2000-01-01

176

Leadership development for rural health.  

PubMed

Leadership is the capacity to help transform a vision of the future into reality. Individuals who can and will exercise leadership are like a river's current--a part past where we now stand, a part yet to come. We have an ongoing need to remember and to look toward the next "generation." A key responsibility of those here now, is to mentor and to create structures for mentoring, in order to maximize the flow and effectiveness of tomorrow's leaders. When recruiting organizational leaders, the recruitment and interview process must seek individuals who in addition to technical competence, also have demonstrated leadership in their prior work and activities. To exercise effective leadership, we must work to know who we are, how we relate to others, and the environment around us. "Servant leadership" is a perspective held by many throughout the rural health community and offers a key set attributes of leadership useful to rural health. To implement the Institute of Medicine's recommendations in Through Collaboration: the Future of Rural Health, we must develop leaders skilled in collaboration, both internal to their organization and across organizations. The National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services had it right when they said to the Secretary and to the rest of us, "the best way to honor Jim is to consciously work to help develop the next generation of rural health leaders." There are, of course, a multitude of leadership institutes, programs, and courses throughout America; this is not a call for yet another separate entity. But it is a call to each of us in rural health to assure that we are deliberate in how we identify "emerging leaders from and for rural communities and provide them with the training and resources to play a lead role in ensuring access to quality healthcare in their states and communities." Let's get started. PMID:16550995

Size, Tim

177

Sustainable mobility in rural China.  

PubMed

Rural areas in China suffer from various problems. The stagnating economic development and a lack of (sufficient) job opportunities and basic services, etc., lead to disadvantages for great parts of China's population. In this context, the transport sector plays a crucial role for the development of rural settlements. Although the degree of undersupply varies between villages, the situation of Chinese villages is often worsened by an insufficient developed transport sector. Regarding mobility in rural China, major constraints and therefore challenges are the difficult access to the transport infrastructure, bad road conditions and the lack of public transport systems. Improvements within the transport sector can be regarded as crucial for the economic and social development of (rural) China and should be carried out in a sustainable and holistic manner using participatory approaches. The aim should be the development of mobility strategies considering the specific needs within the field of transport, which shall have a decisive and positive impact on related sectors. This paper is based on experiences made during the 3 years lasting Sino-European research project SUCCESS (Sustainable Users Concept for China Engaging Scientific Scenario) that analyses the present and the potential future role of transport systems in selected rural areas of China. Referring to the case studies of three villages in rural China, some mobility-related projects that present a favourable impact not only on the transport sector but also on the social system and the economy shall be highlighted. Finally, based on the analysis, instruments and measures for the development of a pathway to a sustainable mobility in rural China will be outlined. PMID:17977642

Dalkmann, Holger; Hutfilter, Sabine; Vogelpohl, Karin; Schnabel, Peter

2007-10-30

178

Biogas as a source of rural energy  

SciTech Connect

The hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, with nearly 2.15 million cattle and 0.7 million buffalo, has the potential to install 0.64 million biogas plants of 1 m{sup 3} size. These plants could generate nearly 4.90 x 105 m{sup 3} of biogas, equivalent to 3.07 x 10{sup 5} L kerosene per day to meet domestic energy needs of nearly one-fourth of its rural population. During 1982--1998, only 12.8% of this potential was achieved. The percent of possible potential achieved in plant installations in 12 districts of this state, namely, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Solan, and Una, are 35.35, 1.70, 20.96, 8.67, 1.54, 6.96, 0.00, 18.49, 3.84, 8.521, 18.29, and 13.23%, respectively. There is a need to strengthen biogas promotion, particularly in the districts of Kangra, Mandi, Solan, and Una, which range from mid-hill to low-hill terrain and which have large potential due to high concentration of bovine population. Increased costs and comparatively low rate of subsidies has resulted in a decreasing rate of plant installation annually, from 3,500 during 1987--1992 to fewer than 1,200 during 1995--1998. The percentage of functioning plants was 82% in 1987--1988 but has decreased to 63%. To ensure proper installation and functionality of plants, the authors discuss the needed improvements in the biogas promotion program.

Kalia, A.K.

2000-01-01

179

Adapting Focus Groups to a Rural Context: Challenges and Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus group research needs to be modified when the focus groups are to be conducted in a rural area or with a rural population. The authors argue for “seeing the rural”: for recognizing rurality as a social context that affects research. Based on experience with North American rural focus groups, the authors propose six aspects of the design of rural

Todd L. Goodsell; Carol J. Ward; M. Joshua Stovall

2009-01-01

180

Early psychosis in rural areas.  

PubMed

Early psychosis (EP), in which the terms first-episode psychosis or first-break psychosis are also considered, is an area of developing research intensity. Although it is apparent that considerable progress has been made in establishing best practice criteria and protocols for EP in general, the particular issues pertaining to rural areas have not received the same attention. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature of early psychosis programmes, initiatives and research in rural areas in order to help establish the best available evidence. The authors conducted a systematic search of major electronic databases, based on the NHMRC hierarchy of evidence, an established scale, for identified early psychosis cross-referenced with multiple rural terms, between the years 1995 and 2005. A total of 637 articles met the initial search criteria; 206 were identified as having primary significance; three dealt specifically with rural areas. There is a paucity of research findings or published literature concerning the specific needs or characteristics of early psychosis practice or service delivery in rural areas. A number of inferences and suggestions for further research, investigations and policy directions are put forward for consideration. PMID:17508318

Welch, Mark; Welch, Twilla

2007-06-01

181

Training, Recruiting, and Retaining Personnel in Rural Areas. Making It Work in Rural Communities. A Rural Network Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series of Rural Network monographs concerning rural service delivery to young handicapped children and their families, this collection of four papers identifies problems inherent in finding appropriate personnel to work in rural areas, suggests strategies for retaining staff, and describes three distinctly different training programs…

Casto, Glendon; And Others

182

Industrialization and the Processes of Stratification in Rural Societies: A Comparison of Rural India and Rural United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Status attainment processes of the experienced civilian labor force of rural India and rural United States were analyzed by using the Blau-Duncan model, for the first time employing that model to compare rural sectors of an agrarian society with those in an industrial society. United States data were obtained from the 1962 Occupational Changes in…

Sharda, Bam Dev; Elder, Joseph W.

183

Regenerating Rural Social Space? Teacher Education for Rural-Regional Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex interconnection among issues affecting rural-regional sustainability requires an equally complex program of research to ensure the attraction and retention of high-quality teachers for rural children. The educational effects of the construction of the rural within a deficit discourse are highlighted. A concept of rural social space is…

Reid, Jo-Anne; Green, Bill; Cooper, Maxine; Hastings, Wendy; Lock, Graeme; White, Simone

2010-01-01

184

Investing in People: The Human Capital Needs of Rural America. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of existing human resource conditions in rural America; examines key economic, social, and technological forces shaping the future viability of rural areas; describes human capital issues for rural women and minority groups; and outlines strategies to strengthen rural human capital resources. Chapters are: (1) "Human…

Beaulieu, Lionel J., Ed.; Mulkey, David, Ed.

185

Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development: The North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Facilitator's Role in Collaborative Rural Development Project began in 1979 as a study of 12 rural development efforts which comprised the North Carolina Rural Employment Laboratory and was expanded in 1980-81 to include rural development in 6 other states (California, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, and Vermont). A wide range of…

MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.

186

Rural Libraries: A Forum for Rural Library Service. Volume X, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The two issues of the journal "Rural Libraries" for 1990 contain a total of seven articles. "Cooperation and Rural Libraries," by Jackie Schmitt, reports on a nationwide survey of 119 rural libraries' participation in intrastate library cooperatives. "Rural Public Library Service to Native Americans," by Susan Hollaran, outlines strategies for…

Sheller, Rebekah, Ed.

1990-01-01

187

Rural Community and Rural Resilience: What Is Important to Farmers in Keeping Their Country Towns Alive?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have highlighted the phenomenon of rural decline in parts of the developed world, summarised as a loss in agricultural employment leading to a decline in the number and size of rural settlements. This study of small towns in part of Australia's inland rural "heartland" employs the concepts of interactional rural community of place and…

McManus, Phil; Walmsley, Jim; Argent, Neil; Baum, Scott; Bourke, Lisa; Martin, John; Pritchard, Bill; Sorensen, Tony

2012-01-01

188

An Inquiry into Rural Dwellers' Opinions about Living Conditions in Urban and Rural Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utilizing data derived from a questionnaire survey of the rural population of Novosibirsk province in the USSR, the following hypothesis was tested: the attitude of rural inhabitants toward urban and rural conditions is characterized by a considerable preponderance of positive evaluations of dominant rural conditions and transient urban…

Azarkh, Emilia Davidovna; Korel, Liudmila Vasilyevna

189

Investing in People: The Human Capital Needs of Rural America. Rural Studies Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides an overview of existing human resource conditions in rural America; examines key economic, social, and technological forces shaping the future viability of rural areas; describes human capital issues for rural women and minority groups; and outlines strategies to strengthen rural human capital resources. Chapters are: (1)…

Beaulieu, Lionel J., Ed.; Mulkey, David, Ed.

190

Application of the Rural Development Index to Analysis of Rural Regions in Poland and Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this research was to construct a multi-dimensional (composite) index measuring the overall level of rural development and quality of life in individual rural regions of a given EU country. In the Rural Development Index (RDI) the rural development domains are represented by hundreds of partial socio-economic, environmental,…

Michalek, Jerzy; Zarnekow, Nana

2012-01-01

191

2005 Nebraska Rural Poll Results: Community Life and Housing in Rural Nebraska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many rural communities are experiencing population decline. However, rural residents have continued to show a strong attachment to their communities. How do rural Nebraskans feel about their community? Are they satisfied with the services provided? Do they own their home? What is the condition of their home? This report details 2,851 responses to the 2005 Nebraska Rural Poll, the tenth

Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Bruce B. Johnson; Alan J Tomkins

2005-01-01

192

Community Life and Housing in Rural Nebraska: 2005 Nebraska Rural Poll Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many rural communities are experiencing population decline. However, rural residents have continued to show a strong attachment to their communities. How do rural Nebraskans feel about their community? Are they satisfied with the services provided? Do they own their home? What is the condition of their home? This report details 2,851 responses to the 2005 Nebraska Rural Poll, the tenth

Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Bruce B. Johnson; Alan Tomkins

2005-01-01

193

Undergraduate Rural Medical Education Program Development: Focus Group Consultation with the NRHA Rural Medical Educators Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Over a decade ago, leaders in rural medical education established the Rural Medical Educators (RME) Group, an interest group within the National Rural Health Association, to support faculty in rural medical education programs. This group has convened an annual RME conclave since 2006. In 2008, this conclave convened 15 national leaders…

Downey, Laura H.; Wheat, John R.; Leeper, James D.; Florence, Joseph A.; Boulger, James G.; Hunsaker, Matt L.

2011-01-01

194

Rural America's Stake in the Digital Economy. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This first article in a series on telecommunications in rural America provides an overview of several key telecommunication issues facing rural regions. High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few…

Staihr, Brian

195

Regenerating Rural Social Space? Teacher Education for Rural-Regional Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The complex interconnection among issues affecting rural-regional sustainability requires an equally complex program of research to ensure the attraction and retention of high-quality teachers for rural children. The educational effects of the construction of the rural within a deficit discourse are highlighted. A concept of rural social space is…

Reid, Jo-Anne; Green, Bill; Cooper, Maxine; Hastings, Wendy; Lock, Graeme; White, Simone

2010-01-01

196

Profiles in Rural Economic Development: A Guidebook of Selected Successful Rural Area Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook presents 64 profiles of successful economic development initiatives in the small towns and rural areas of 37 states. Intended for use by rural and small town leaders and rural economic development specialists, the guide provides ideas, encouragement, and an "insider perspective" on alternative rural development strategies. Each…

Thomas, Margaret G.

197

An Interprofessional Rural Health Education Program  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To develop, implement, and assess an interprofessional rural health professions program for pharmacy and medical students. Design. A recruitment and admissions process was developed that targeted students likely to practice in rural areas. Pharmacy students participated alongside medical students in completing the Rural Health Professions program curriculum, which included monthly lecture sessions and assignments, and a capstone clinical requirement in the final year. Assessment. Fourteen pharmacy students and 33 medical students were accepted into the program during the first 2 years of the Rural Health Professions program. Approximately 90% of the rural health professions students were originally from rural areas. Conclusions. The rural health professions program is an interprofessional approach to preparing healthcare providers to practice in rural communities.

MacDowell, Martin; Schriever, Allison E.; Glasser, Michael; Schoen, Marieke D.

2012-01-01

198

SOLERAS: Rural/Agricultural Project Technical Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of the Rural and Agricultural Solar Applications Projects is to enhance the quality of rural life in hot, arid climates by providing systems that use renewable or regenerable energy sources for domestic or communal, agricultural, and local i...

F. S. Huraib J. P. Adcock R. D. Knect

1987-01-01

199

Health Disparities: A Rural- Urban Chartbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rural minorities experience disparitites in health and health care delivery. Previous studies have illustrated many of the health disparities experience by rural residents, such as poorer health status, higher obesity prevalence, more with activity limita...

B. Olatosi J. C. Probst K. J. Bennett

2008-01-01

200

Rural Government: Poor Counties, 1962-87.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 1960's many rural local governments were believed to provide inadequate government services, which hindered rural development. Rapid growth in government spending has substantially reduced the incidence of government povery. By 1987, relatively...

A. C. Jansen R. J. Reeder

1995-01-01

201

Entrepreneurship, the informal economy and rural communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to evaluate whether early-stage entrepreneurs and the established self-employed in rural communities trade off-the-books and whether this tendency varies across deprived and affluent rural localities. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 350 households in both affluent and deprived rural communities in England. Findings – In both the affluent and deprived rural communities surveyed, wholly

Colin C. Williams

2011-01-01

202

Echocardiogram Utilization Among Rural and Urban Veterans  

PubMed Central

Purpose To compare echocardiography use among urban and rural veterans and whether differences could be accounted for by distance. Methods We used Veterans Administration (VA) administrative data from 1999 to 2007 to identify regular users of the VA Healthcare System (VA users) who did and did not receive echocardiography. Each veteran was categorized as residing in urban, rural or highly rural areas using RUCA codes. Poisson regression was used to compare echocardiography utilization rates among veterans residing in each area after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities, clustering of patients within VA networks and distance to the nearest VA medical center offering echocardiography. Findings Our study included 22.7 million veterans of whom 1.3 million (5.7%) received at least one echocardiogram. Of echocardiography recipients, 69.2% lived in urban, 22.0% in rural and 8.8% in highly rural areas. In analyses adjusting for patient demographics, comorbidities, and clustering, utilization of echocardiography was modestly lower for highly rural and rural veterans compared with urban veterans (42.0 vs 40.1 vs 43.1 echocardiograms per 1,000 VA users per year for highly rural, rural and urban, respectively; P < .001). After further adjusting for distance, echocardiography utilization was somewhat higher for veterans in highly rural and rural areas than it was for urban areas (44.9 vs 41.8 vs 40.8 for highly rural, rural and urban, respectively; P < .001). Conclusions Echocardiography utilization among rural and highly rural veterans was marginally lower than for urban veterans, but these differences can be accounted for by the greater distance of more rural veterans from facilities offering echocardiograms.

Okrah, Kingston; Vaughan-Sarrazin, Mary; Kaboli, Peter; Cram, Peter

2011-01-01

203

Rural women walking for health.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study is to describe rural women's barriers and motivators for participation in a walking program. Twenty rural women, ages 22 to 65, participated in a 12-week walking program. Data from field notes and focus groups were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Data were inductively coded, codes were categorized into themes, and themes were classified as barriers or motivators to adopting a walking program. Three main barriers are identified: balancing family and self, chronic illness gets in the way of routine, and illness or injury breaks routine. Seven motivators are identified: being part of a group, group camaraderie, learning, pacesetter, seeing progress, energizing, and I am a walker. Women report that family responsibilities are a powerful and pervasive barrier. Motivators center on the importance of group interaction. This qualitative study increases our understanding of rural women's barriers and motivators to embarking on and sustaining a regular walking routine. PMID:17634383

Perry, Cindy K; Rosenfeld, Anne G; Kendall, Judith

2007-07-18

204

Promoting Regional Disaster Preparedness among Rural Hospitals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context and Purpose: Rural communities face substantial risks of natural disasters but rural hospitals face multiple obstacles to preparedness. The objective was to create and implement a simple and effective training and planning exercise to assist individual rural hospitals to improve disaster preparedness, as well as to enhance regional…

Edwards, Janine C.; Kang, JungEun; Silenas, Rasa

2008-01-01

205

Rural Youth and Multimedia: An Interagency Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 10MMM multimedia project began in late 2002 in a rural region of western Victoria and has now entered its second stage. It is an inter-agency initiative intended to decrease the social isolation of rural young people and stimulate the expression of youth "voice" and leadership using multimedia tools. As the process of working with rural young…

Brumby, Susan; Eversole, Robyn; Scholfield, Kaye; Watt, Leanne

2007-01-01

206

Rural Vocational Education for a Technological Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews gradual transition of rural vocational education from agricultural to industrial model, responding to societal change. Examines rural vocational education participation and its responsiveness to changes in technology and labor demands. Examines secondary and two-year postsecondary vocational education models as ways to serve rural

Rosenfeld, Stuart A.

1988-01-01

207

Exploring Rural Contexts with Digital Storytelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes rural middle school students' exploration of their identity and their rural contexts through the vehicle of digital storytelling. Participants included 40 7th and 40 9th grade students at two rural schools in the Southeast United States. Students worked in shared writing groups to create digital stories expressing their…

Wake, Donna G.

2012-01-01

208

Production, Consumption and Imagination in Rural Thailand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Transformation of Thailand's rural areas from agricultural production to arenas of consumption of a constructed "rural idyll" is illustrated in cases of a hotel with a "working rice farm," and an elite school. The school (and companion resident "village") created an idealized rural past for rich consumers who wanted a modern education for their…

Rigg, Jonathan; Ritchie, Mark

2002-01-01

209

Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural

Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed.

210

"Place" Value: The Rural Perspective. Occasional Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Place-based, or "contextualized," mathematics instruction gives learners the opportunity to see how mathematics is relevant to their lives. Such opportunities are crucial to the success of students in rural settings and may be crucial to the survival of rural communities. For the last half century, schools have educated rural children to believe…

Long, Vena; Bush, William S.; Theobald, Paul

211

Putting "Rural" into Psychiatry Residency Training Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Evidence indicates disparities in the number of psychiatrists practicing in rural America compared to urban areas suggesting the need for a greater emphasis on rural psychiatry in residency training programs. The authors offer suggestions for integrating a rural focus in psychiatry residency training to foster greater competency and…

Nelson, William A.; Pomerantz, Andrew; Schwartz, Jonathan

2007-01-01

212

Socioeconomic Measures and Achievement: Urban vs. Rural.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares fifth grade reading and math achievement scores for schools on the Missouri Mastery Achievement Test in rural and urban elementary schools. Found no significant differences between rural and urban schools on achievement. Rural schools were more homogeneous in achievement and SES. Free and reduced lunch status was the best predictor of…

Alspaugh, John W.

1992-01-01

213

Understanding Smoking Cessation in Rural Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Rural communities are adversely impacted by increased rates of tobacco use. Rural residents may be exposed to unique communal norms and other factors that influence smoking cessation. Purpose: This study explored facilitating factors and barriers to cessation and the role of rural health care systems in the smoking-cessation process.…

Hutcheson, Tresza D.; Greiner, K. Allen; Ellerbeck, Edward F.; Jeffries, Shawn K.; Mussulman, Laura M.; Casey, Genevieve N.

2008-01-01

214

Defining "Rural" for Veterans' Health Care Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) devised an algorithm to classify veterans as Urban, Rural, or Highly Rural residents. To understand the policy implications of the VHA scheme, we compared its categories to 3 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and 4 Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) geographical categories. Method: Using…

West, Alan N.; Lee, Richard E.; Shambaugh-Miller, Michael D.; Bair, Byron D.; Mueller, Keith J.; Lilly, Ryan S.; Kaboli, Peter J.; Hawthorne, Kara

2010-01-01

215

Rural Fire Problem in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the findings from an extensive analysis of the fire problem in rural areas of the U.S. While there are many similarities between fires in rural and non-rural areas, there are also many differences. Some of the differences, such as t...

1997-01-01

216

[Qualities and Strengths of Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal contains the following articles pertaining to English instruction in rural schools: (1) "Different, To Be Sure" (Nathan James Weate) compares rural and urban students and finds rural students to have strong family cohesiveness, strong moral values, and diversified interests; (2) "An Elevating Experience" (Dorothy Trusock) describes a…

deRosa, Richard J., Ed.

1992-01-01

217

Changing Rural Social Systems: Adaptation and Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book includes studies of globalization-related social changes in rural areas of the United States and other countries and implications of these studies for sociological theory. Although no chapter focuses exclusively on education, education-related themes include rural school dropouts and intergenerational poverty, the migration of rural

Johnson, Nan E., Ed.; Wang, Ching-li, Ed.

218

Virtue Ethics and Rural Professional Healthcare Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because rural populations are at risk not only for clinically disparate care but also ethically disparate care, there is a need to enhance scholarship, research, and teaching about rural health care ethics. In this paper an argument for the applicability of a virtue ethics framework for professionals in rural healthcare is outlined. The argument…

Crowden, Andrew

2010-01-01

219

Terrorism risks in rural and frontier America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy for the safety of the United States must include an awareness of the importance of rural and frontier areas to urban areas. Water, power, and food are not available in sufficient amounts to support urban areas and are routinely shipped in from rural areas. National plans should address the increased costs of operating in rural areas and the increased

B. H. Stamm

2002-01-01

220

ICT AND INNOVATION IN RURAL AREAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ICTs in innovation processes play an increasingly more important role in rural areas. Regional innovation performance varies widely between regions and is much lower in rural areas. The growing requrements for developing new applications and services depends on increasing access to wireless and broadband services in rural areas. Some EU supported RTD projects have served to develop the agri-food sector

Miklós Herdon; Ian Houseman

221

Education: Designed for the Rural Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is a discussion of the educational opportunities for the economically disadvantaged rural populations of Third World Nations. Emphasized is the need for broadening the educational base for the small farm in order to involve members of rural communities in rural progress. (Author/SA)|

Higgs, John; Moore, David

1980-01-01

222

Rural Development Progress Report 2005-2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

USDA Rural Development's mission is to increase economic opportunity and improve the quality of life in rural America. Since its creation 71 years ago, the agency's rolelike rural America itself - has grown larger and more complex. In the beginning, the n...

2006-01-01

223

ELEMENTS OF A SUSTAINABLE RURAL POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crafting of a national policy addressing the contemporary con- cerns of rural America is an important and challenging task. The de- mand for a new rural policy is driven by the fact that the economic situation of most of the one in five Americans who live in rural re- gions is now deteriorating in comparison to that of their

Glen C. Pulver

224

Serving Rural Youth: A Regional Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The regional approach as an alternative for meeting the needs of rural youth is discussed in comparison to the small school district which cannot possibly serve the broad spectrum of student needs in rural areas. The rural educational setting and its shortcomings are described as the lack of facilities, a lack of an obvious connection between…

Edington, Everett D.

225

Rural School Counseling: Turning Obstacles into Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A counselor at a rural high school in New York reflects on her career and addresses issues facing rural school counselors. She chose a career in school counseling based on her interests in education, community involvement, and adolescents. As the only high school counselor for 280 students, she soon realized that rural youth faced many of the…

McConnell, Catherine

226

R&D Speaks: Rural & Small Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of a rural and small schools conference held in December, 1980 in Austin, Texas are to link the region's educators who are concerned with rural and small schools at both state and local levels with current research and resources and to identify needs of rural and small schools in the region (Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico,…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

227

[Qualities and Strengths of Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This journal contains the following articles pertaining to English instruction in rural schools: (1) "Different, To Be Sure" (Nathan James Weate) compares rural and urban students and finds rural students to have strong family cohesiveness, strong moral values, and diversified interests; (2) "An Elevating Experience" (Dorothy Trusock) describes a…

deRosa, Richard J., Ed.

1992-01-01

228

Rural Sociological Society 1999 Award Recipients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Rural Sociological Society 1999 awards: Excellence in Instruction, Jill Belsky, for designing a college program in rural and environmental change, and Lori Cramer, for strengthening interdisciplinary linkages among rural sociology, forestry, and agriculture; Excellence in Extension, Emmett Fiske; Excellence in Research, Sonya Salamon;…

Rural Sociologist, 1999

1999-01-01

229

Valuing environmental assets on rural lifestyle properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changing land-ownership patterns transform many rural landscapes from agricultural to multifunctional, which may have significant implications for land management and conservation policy. This paper presents a hedonic pricing model that quantifies the value of the remnant native vegetation captured by owners of rural lifestyle properties in rural Victoria, Australia. Remnant native vegetation has a positive but diminishing marginal implicit price.

Maksym Polyakov; David J. Pannell; Ram Pandit; Sorada Tapsuwan; Geoff Park

2012-01-01

230

Development of Entrepreneurship among Rural Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurship is the only solution to the growing employment among rural youth. It helps to generate employment for number of people within their own social system. This is more beneficial for women in rural areas as it enable them to add to the family income while taking care of their farm, home and livestock centered tasks. Rural women possess abundant

Kiranjot Sidhu; Sukhjeet Kaur

231

Rural Folklife Days: Resources for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural Folklife Days is an annual celebration of customs and crafts that have been practiced every fall by generations of people in rural areas of north Florida. This packet is designed to help teachers prepare elementary students for Rural Folklife Days and to introduce them to traditional crafts and arts that are still practiced in parts of…

Kay, Jon, Ed.; Beasley, Holly, Ed.; Hollingsworth, Teresa, Ed.; Smith, KC, Ed.

232

Principals as Assessment Leaders in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports a study of rural school principals' assessment leadership roles and the impact of rural context on their work. The study involved three focus groups of principals serving small rural schools of varied size and grade configuration in three systems. Principals viewed assessment as a matter of teacher accountability and as a…

Renihan, Patrick; Noonan, Brian

2012-01-01

233

Rural Folklife Days: Resources for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural Folklife Days is an annual celebration of customs and crafts that have been practiced every fall by generations of people in rural areas of north Florida. This packet is designed to help teachers prepare elementary students for Rural Folklife Days and to introduce them to traditional crafts and arts that are still practiced in parts of north…

Kay, Jon, Ed.; Beasley, Holly, Ed.; Hollingsworth, Teresa, Ed.; Smith, KC, Ed.

234

Families and schools in rural appalachia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literature review revealed conceptual elements and approaches that have been productive in the study of(a) rural education and (b) rural families and children as they interface with schools. The Appalachian region is considered relative to these same issues. For nearly two decades the Appalachia Educational Laboratory has pursued systematic research and development aimed at improving the effectiveness of rural

Edward E. Gotts; Richard F. Purnell

1986-01-01

235

Inside Rural Pennsylvania: A Statistical Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graphs, data tables, maps, and written descriptions give a statistical overview of rural Pennsylvania. A section on rural demographics covers population changes, racial and ethnic makeup, age cohorts, and families and income. Pennsylvania's rural population, the nation's largest, has increased more than its urban population since 1950, with the…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

236

Queer country: Rural lesbian and gay lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of rural life and lifestyles have yet to seriously address issues of sexuality. This paper outlines some of the experiences of lesbians and gay men who live in the countryside. It begins by tracing the history of the relationship between homosexuality and rurality in fiction and film, paying particular attention to the role of rural utopias in the lesbian

David Bell; Gill Valentine

1995-01-01

237

Will energy markets refuel the rural economy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rural economy began 2006 facing an uncertain outlook. For two years, rural growth had been unusually strong. But rising energy prices threatened to stall the expansion. Many businesses had already been weakened by high input costs, and many households were feeling squeezed by higher costs for gas and heating fuel. As the year progressed, however, some rural communities were

Jason Henderson; Maria Akers

2007-01-01

238

The Changing Nature of Rural Religious Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributions to societal integration of the flexible and diversified religious institution of rural Appalachia in the United States were compared and contrasted with the contributions of the more or less monolithic and state-controlled rural church in Greece. It was found that the process of integration of rural society into the larger social…

Photiadis, John; Simoni, Joseph J.

239

Rural surgery: the Australian experience.  

PubMed

A significant proportion of the Australian population resides nonmetropolitan regions. For the majority of these smaller regional centers, the surgical service delivery has been traditionally provided by either solo or two-person surgical practices. As medical students' interest in rural practice declined, new models were created to ensure medical care in these areas. This article outlines the past and current state of medical care in rural areas, highlighting models used in Port Augusta, Mount Gambier, and Port Lincoln. It concludes that these models are successful and should be further developed. PMID:19944815

Bruening, Martin H; Maddern, Guy J

2009-12-01

240

School efficiency in rural Guatemala  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper addresses the issues concerning the ability of the educational sector in Guatemala to meet its basic objective of providing primary education to children in rural areas. We report on data collected in seven villages in rural Guatemala on over 2000 children. Measures of school efficiency in these villages indicate that although increasingly large numbers of children are enrolling in school, promotion, repetition, and drop-out rates continue to be high and that girls are at a greater disadvantage than boys in this population. Complex interrelationships among the schooling variables point to the need for policy decisions to incorporate family, community and school level inputs.

Gorman, Kathleen S.; Pollitt, Ernesto

1992-09-01

241

Drinking Among Rural Youth with Implications for Rural Institutional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a 3-month period ending in January 1977, questionnaires were given to 889 eighth and twelfth grade students to determine the extent of drinking among rural teenagers in Idaho, and the sociological and psychological factors affecting their drinking habits. At least 16% of 8th graders and 34% of 12th graders drink frequently. A much higher…

Lassey, Marie; And Others

242

Rural Libraries. A Forum for Rural Library Service. 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of the two issues of the biannual serial "Rural Libraries" published during 1992. The issues contain three articles and seven speeches and conference papers. The articles describe: (1) how strong community support led to the development of a library on the Glasgow campus of Western Kentucky University; (2) a report of the…

Pratt, Mary Lou, Ed.

1992-01-01

243

Drinking Among Rural Youth with Implications for Rural Institutional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During a 3-month period ending in January 1977, questionnaires were given to 889 eighth and twelfth grade students to determine the extent of drinking among rural teenagers in Idaho, and the sociological and psychological factors affecting their drinking habits. At least 16% of 8th graders and 34% of 12th graders drink frequently. A much higher…

Lassey, Marie; And Others

244

Approaches to Rural Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three professional development approaches have shown promise in raising the competency level of early childhood professionals in rural areas. Provider registry systems gather information that provides a foundation for further professional development initiatives and systemic development. Statewide professional development systems designed to…

Thornburg, Kathy R.; Scott, Jacqueline L.

2006-01-01

245

TRENDS IN RURAL SULFUR CONCENTRATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents an analysis of regional trends in atmospheric concentrations in sulfur dioxide (502) and particulate sulfate (50~- ) at rural monitoring sites in the Clean Air Act Status and Trends Monitoring Network (CAsTNet) from 1990 to 1999. A two-stage approach is used t...

246

Political Assertion: Rural Revolutionary Gymnastics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Danish Grundtvigian spiritual and national revival in the decade around 1900 contained a high degree of enthusiasm and a strong collective feeling, which was demonstrated not least through gymnastics displays where young farm-lads' and girls' teams marched into and out of the arena singing patriotic anthems, led by a gymnast carrying a huge Danish national flag. Through gymnastics rural

Hans Bonde

2009-01-01

247

Dental Health in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concentration of dental health services in urban areas creates a problem for the rural population of America. The problem is analyzed in this document by looking at the population distribution today and the ratio of dental services per population, the location of dental education resources, and the concern of society for the quality of living.…

Howell, Charles S.

248

The Sudan Rural Television Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a rural education program, which was implemented in the Gezira Irrigated Area (as defined with a map) in Sudan. The aim of the project was the socioeconomic development of the Gezira tenant farmers through discussion of specifically designed educational programs in village viewing clubs. (JEG)

Low, John

1978-01-01

249

Fire Protection for Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fire protection in rural Alaskan communities depends on individual home fire prevention and protection rather than on the services offered by a centralized fire department. Even when help is summoned to extinguish a blaze, aid does not come in the form of a cadre of highly trained firefighters; it comes instead from whomever happens to be in the…

Hagevig, William A.

250

OCLC and Rural Library Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the historical background, structure, and services of OCLC. Ways in which OCLC can assist small rural libraries in meeting users' needs are discussed, including cataloging, access to a wide range of library resources, access to CD-ROM technology, and provision of a major resource sharing tool through the "Online Union Catalog" Group…

Walters, Clarence R.

1989-01-01

251

Impact of Declining Rural Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated the impact of declining rural community infrastructure on social, environmental, and economic well-being in Western Australia's central wheatbelt. Questionnaires were completed by 398 residents of the central wheatbelt, on-farm interviews were conducted with 68 respondents, and 4 focus groups were held in area towns.…

McKenzie, Fiona Haslem

252

Crossing Divides: Ethnicity and Rurality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on research with people from African, Caribbean and Asian backgrounds regarding perceptions and use of the English countryside. I explore the complex ways in which the category "rural" was constructed as both essentialised "and" relational: how the countryside was understood most definitely as "not-city" but also, at the same…

Askins, Kye

2009-01-01

253

1986 rural electric power conference  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a conference on power distribution systems for rural areas. Topics considered at the conference included distribution automation, the Athens automation and control experiment distribution automation project, critical issues in distribution system surge protection, the benefits of performing unbalanced voltage calculations, and an expert system for overcurrent protective device coordination.

Not Available

1986-01-01

254

School Participation in Rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an analysis of the determinants of school participation in rural north India, based on a recent household survey that includes detailed information on school characteristics. School participation, especially among girls, responds to a wide range of variables, including parental education and motivation, social background, dependency ratios, work opportunities, village development, teacher postings, mid-day meals and infrastructural quality.

Jean Dreze; Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

2001-01-01

255

Rural Areas Perceive Policy Tilt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan talks about using merit pay to attract the best teachers to the classroom, he probably doesn't have in mind a place like Richmond County, North Carolina. In this rural community where the unemployment rate is nearly 14 percent and there's no movie theater for miles around, school administrators say…

McNeil, Michele

2009-01-01

256

Reflections of a Rural Practitioner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some ethical dilemmas are more prevalent or more complicated to resolve in rural practice. In this practice note, I share some of the reflections that have helped me to unpack some of the ethical complications of overlapping relationships and objectivity, community pressure and integrity, generalist practice and competency, interdisciplinary…

Malone, Judi L.

2010-01-01

257

Rural Schools and Modern Visions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1991 West Virginia's governor announced a 10-year statewide plan that would close 245 schools, primarily in poor, small, and rural communities, and replace them with larger, more "efficient," more urban facilities. The controversy surrounding West Virginia school closings stems from the clash of two sets of beliefs and values. The people in…

Purdy, Deirdre

1994-01-01

258

School Efficiency in Rural Guatemala.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses the provision of universal primary education in seven rural villages in Guatemala. Indicates that although increasing numbers of children are enrolling in school, repetition and dropout rates remain high and that girls are at a greater disadvantage than boys. Suggests that families, communities, and schools provide input into policy…

Gorman, Kathleen S.; Pollitt, Ernesto

1992-01-01

259

Using TDSi in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jodi Fletcher is a teacher on special assignment in curriculum instruction and assessment for Falcon School District 49 in Colorado. Serving about 12,500 students across 16 schools, the district encompasses the northeastern portion of Colorado Springs and the rural area of Falcon. About 30 percent of students in the district are from military…

Koenig, Darlene

2010-01-01

260

Energy Use in Rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

India, and especially rural India is considered as a partially closed energy ecosystem and gives a great variety and quantity of statistics to illustrate the energy flow. These data include the energy consumption and expenditure for many forms of human (men, women and children) activity. This is presented in relation to the total energy-flow picture involving all types of energy

Roger Revelle

1976-01-01

261

Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For over two years the National Dropout Prevention Center (NDPC) at Clemson University has been supporting the Lower Kuskokwim School District (LKSD) in NW Alaska with their efforts to reduce high school dropout in 23 remote Yup'ik Eskimo villages. The Rural Alaska Mentoring Project (RAMP) provides school-based E-mentoring services to 164…

Cash, Terry

2011-01-01

262

Rural Families and Early Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a 5-year research project involving 50 primarily rural families with infants identified neonatally in birth crisis, or shortly thereafter, as having developmental disabilities. Parents were interviewed to gather information on their perceptions of and experiences with the early intervention (EI) process.…

Haring, Kathryn A.; Lovett, David L.

263

Montana Rural Education Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The material in this K-8 curriculum guide is designed to provide classroom professionals in rural Montana schools with some guidance as to when to introduce and develop concepts in each subject area. It is intended to be a guide, not a rule book or complete course of study. For each subject area and for each grade level, topics are coded as I…

Kroon, Ralph, Comp.

264

Rehabilitation Broadcasts for Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document presents a series of 14 scripts focusing on families with disabled children, written in English for radio broadcast in translation to rural village areas in Pakistan. Intended to educate the public concerning disabilities and how families can help their handicapped children participate as fully as possible in community life, the…

Mental Health Centre, Peshawar (Pakistan).

265

Cultural Tourism in Rural Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural tourism develops at a considerable speed and diversifies continuously in a multifaceted way. It constitutes not only the base for the booming European city tourism but acts more and more as an instrument for fostering tourism in rural areas. The main objective of this kind of policy is to maintain or improve the quality of life of the local

Reinhard Bachleitner; Andreas H Zins

1999-01-01

266

The State and Rural Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines relations between the state and rural systems worldwide. Notes growing international concern for declining environmental quality, implying new imperatives for international cooperation. Relates these trends to state intervention's changing nature and alternative governance systems, political economy theory respecting family farms and…

Moran, Warren; Cocklin, Chris

1989-01-01

267

Using TDSi in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Jodi Fletcher is a teacher on special assignment in curriculum instruction and assessment for Falcon School District 49 in Colorado. Serving about 12,500 students across 16 schools, the district encompasses the northeastern portion of Colorado Springs and the rural area of Falcon. About 30 percent of students in the district are from military…

Koenig, Darlene

2010-01-01

268

Battered Women in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that battered women in rural America are a neglected population. Addresses the plight of these women and points to the unique sociological factors and religious beliefs that make them a difficult group to reach. Presents implications for counselor education programing. (Author)|

Navin, Sally; And Others

1993-01-01

269

Emerging Ethics in Rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ethical dimensions of some of the current issues engaging rural India, affecting 600 million people. It uses the evolutionary framework of Sri Aurobindo's integral yoga, and also tags on to it the rights concepts of Amartya Sen's ethics. It attempts to take a balanced view between Ambedkar's perception of the ancient Indian village as a sink

R. C. Sekhar

2002-01-01

270

Fostering Rural/Corporate Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how rural groups might approach corporations to forge partnerships for a variety of educational and community programs and activities. Makes specific suggestions for selecting corporations, writing the first requests for information, evaluating responses, and following up leads. Includes a section on the workings of Apple Computer's…

Vermillion, Mark

1986-01-01

271

Electrifying rural Guatemala: central policy and rural reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Towards the end of the 20th century Guatemala embarked on an ambitious rural electrification plan: central planners in the Ministry of Energy and Mines hope to connect 90% of homes to the national electricity grid by 2004. Energy for the increased demand comes from floating power plants anchored in Guatemala's Pacific port, a new coal-fired power plant, and numerous small-scale

Matthew J Taylor

2005-01-01

272

Rural Health Care Providers in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the rural physician shortage and related policy and research needs. Discusses geographic distribution of physicians, quality of rural care, rural recruitment and retention, rural residency training, factors in medical education affecting entry into rural practice, physician productivity and income, reimbursement, federal and state…

Hart, L. Gary; Salsberg, Edward; Phillips, Debra M.; Lishner, Denise M.

2002-01-01

273

Research about Mathematics Achievement in the Rural Circumstance. Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research yields nine conclusions concerning mathematics achievement among rural and urban students. Among them are that currently a national rural vs. non-rural mathematics achievement gap does not exist; at the state level, a rural vs. non-rural achievement gap exists in 40 percent of the states, and that gap is evenly split between…

Howley, Craig B.

274

Rural MarketingIts Definition and Development Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Definition and domain related issues of ‘rural marketing’ need further clarification and revision. Often, rural marketing is equated with marketing by multinationals in rural India. The extant literature on rural marketing has uncritically used the same theories, models, concepts and frameworks as have been used in the mainstream marketing discipline. So far, rural marketing has not produced its own unique

Pratik Modi

2009-01-01

275

Increasing Caring and Reducing Violence in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly reviews the literature on violence in rural schools and communities, as well as the causes of rural crime and violence. General demographic and economic characteristics of rural communities are listed, followed by facts on rural school enrollments, achievement, and funding. Recent changes in rural communities that might…

Schroth, Gwen; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan

276

Business Productivity and Area Productivity in Rural England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Webber D., Curry N. and Plumridge A. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England, Regional Studies. Rural area productivity and rural business productivity measure different things. This paper presents a empirical analysis of labour productivity differentials across the new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) definition of ‘rural’. Labour productivity is 21% (13%) lower in sparse (less

Don Webber; Nigel Curry; Anthony Plumridge

2009-01-01

277

Increasing Caring and Reducing Violence in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper briefly reviews the literature on violence in rural schools and communities, as well as the causes of rural crime and violence. General demographic and economic characteristics of rural communities are listed, followed by facts on rural school enrollments, achievement, and funding. Recent changes in rural communities that might…

Schroth, Gwen; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan

278

Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

Vissing, Yvonne M.

279

The Perceived Importance of University Presence in Rural Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated rural residents' perceived importance of university presence in rural, regional and remote Australia. The present data indicate that the presence of university in rural areas is perceived as highly important by both rural and urban citizens. Results indicate that rural residents perceive that there is a need for…

Drummond, Aaron; Halsey, R. John; van Breda, Marja

2011-01-01

280

Supporting rural family palliative caregivers.  

PubMed

There is urgent need to effectively support the well-being of rural palliative family caregivers (FCGs). A mixed method study was conducted with 23 FCGs. Data collection included completion of an assessment questionnaire and semistructured interviews. The most prevalent needs identified by questionnaire were caring for the patient's pain, fatigue, body, and nourishment; FCG's fatigue and need for respite. Yet few FCGs wanted more attention to these needs by healthcare providers. FCGs resisted considering their own personal needs. Instead, they focused on needs related to providing care including to be(come) a palliative caregiver, be skilled and know more, navigate competing wishes, needs, demands, and priorities, and for "an extra pair of hands." Gaps in rural palliative services contributed to low expectations for assistance; reluctance to seek assistance was influenced by FCGs' resourcefulness and independence. Findings suggest that supporting FCGs will most likely be successful when framed in relation to their caregiving role. PMID:23007421

Robinson, Carole A; Pesut, Barbara; Bottorff, Joan L

2012-09-24

281

Integrated rural development programs: a skeptical perspective.  

PubMed

In examining integrated rural development programs the question that arises is why is it possible to identify several relatively successful small-scale or pilot rural development projects yet so difficult to find examples of successful rural development programs. 3 bodies of literature offer some insight into the morphology of rural development projects, programs, and processes: the urban-industrial impact hypothesis; the theory of induced technical change; and the new models of institutional change that deal with institution building and the economics of bureaucratic behavior. The urban-industrial impact hypothesis helps in the clarification of the relationships between the development of rural areas and the development of the total society of which rural areas are a part. It is useful in understanding the spatial dimensions of rural development where rural development efforts are likely to be most successful. Formulation of the hypothesis generated a series of empirical studies designed to test its validity. The effect of these studies has been the development of a rural development model in which the rural community is linked to the urban-industrial economy through a series of market relationships. Both the urban economy's rate of growth and the efficiency of the intersector product and factor markets place significant constraints on the possibilities of rural area development. It is not possible to isolate development processes in the contemporary rural community in a developing society from development processes in the larger society. The induced technical change theory provides a guide as to what must be done to gain access to efficient sources of economic growth, the new resources and incomes that are necessary to sustain rural development. Design of a successful rural development strategy involves a combination of technical and institutional change. The ability of rural areas to respond to the opportunities for economic growth generated by local urban-industrial development, or by the expansion of national and international markets, depends on the capacity for adaptive responses on the part of cultural, political, and economic institutions as well as on technical innovations which can generate substantial new income flows in response to the new economic opportunities. Improvements in the welfare of the rural population in poor regions will call for institutional innovations which effectively link urban and rural areas through a series of nonmarket and market relationships. A major implication of the models is that given the "markets" in which they operate, bureaucracies will be successful in capturing a relatively large share of the economic gains generated by their activities. PMID:12311877

Ruttan, V W

1975-11-01

282

Child mortality in rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on infant and child mortality in rural areas of India. We construct a flexible duration model, which allows\\u000a for frailty at multiple levels and interactions between the child’s age and individual, socioeconomic, and environmental characteristics.\\u000a The model is estimated using the Indian National Family and Health Survey 1998\\/1999. The estimation results show that socioeconomic\\u000a and environmental characteristics

Bas van der Klaauw; Limin Wang

2011-01-01

283

Cerebral malaria in rural India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:A cross-sectional hospital based study was carried out to investigate clinical features and outcome of cerebral malaria in\\u000a a rural area.Methods: All children fulfilling inclusion criteria, were enrolled and were entered on specially designed proforma. Their peripheral\\u000a smear (PS) were studied based on which the diagnosis was classified as definite cereral malaria (DCM) and probable cerebral\\u000a malaria (PCM).Result: There were

Milind B. Kamble; Pradeep P. Raut; Z. F. Hussain

2002-01-01

284

The Value of a Rural Medicine Rotation on Encouraging Students Toward a Rural Career: Clear Benefits From the RUSC Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The Australian government has addressed rural medical workforce shortages through strategies such as the Rural Undergraduate Support and Co-ordination program, based on the premise that increased exposure to rural medicine within the curricula will contribute to more students adopting a rural career. Purpose: This article reports on how an Australian Rural Clinical School is meeting the aims of this

Diann Eley; Peter Baker

2009-01-01

285

Using microcomputers in rural preceptorships.  

PubMed

Current U.S. health manpower forecasts indicate an oversupply of physicians. In the Intermountain Region this oversupply is concentrated in the medical and surgical subspecialties, not in primary care specialties. Students cite fear of not knowing all that a general field requires as a reason for focusing their studies in a narrow area. Because ambulatory care experiences are not required of medical students at Utah, it is difficult to recruit students into the primary care specialties. One means of exposing students to primary care and rural medicine is through the clinical preceptorship. Beginning in 1985, with a grant from the National Library of Medicine, clinical students who elected the rural family practice preceptorship were given lap-top microcomputers to take with them to their preceptorship sites. Students were taught how to operate the computer and how to perform a MEDLINE search. Student evaluations of the experience were high and students reported feeling less concerned about the knowledge explosion and positive about improving their ability to access current medical literature. It is anticipated that by teaching students how to use this technology to provide better patient care, they will be more likely to consider primary care practices in rural areas. PMID:2656354

Harris, D L; Peay, W J; Lutz, L J

286

Survey of aflatoxins in chillies from Pakistan produced in rural, semi-rural and urban environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chilli peppers from Pakistan are consumed locally and also exported. Their quality is compromised by aflatoxins (AF) contamination. AF in chillies from rural, semi-rural and urban areas of the Punjab region of Pakistan were determined. Twenty-three (52.3%), 22 (50%) and 29 (65.9%) samples from rural, semi-rural and urban areas respectively, contained levels of aflatoxins which exceeded the European Union limits

S. Z. Iqbal; R. R. M. Paterson; I. A. Bhatti; M. R. Asi

2010-01-01

287

Why rural crime and justice really matter  

Microsoft Academic Search

While it is true that in general urban crime is roughly three times higher than rural crime, over the last decades rural crime\\u000a has increased at the same rate as crime in big cities. Whereas violent crime in large cities rose from 1966 through 1991 and\\u000a then declined, rural rates drifted upward for the entire period. Moreover, some crimes are

Wojciech Cebulak

2004-01-01

288

Broadband Internet's Value for Rural America  

Microsoft Academic Search

As broadband—or high-speed—Internet use has spread, Internet applications requiring high transmission speeds have become an integral part of the “Information Economy,” raising concerns about those who lack broadband access. This report analyzes (1) rural broadband use by consumers, the community-at-large, and businesses; (2) rural broadband availability; and (3) broadband’s social and economic effects on rural areas. It also summarizes results

Peter L. Stenberg; Mitchell J. Morehart; Stephen J. Vogel; John Cromartie; Vincent E. Breneman; Dennis M. Brown

2009-01-01

289

The Restructuring of Local Government in Rural Regions: A Rural Development Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural development is a multidimensional phenomenon. The political dimension, relating as it does to power, resources, accountability, priorities and choice, is a pivotal aspect of rural development. Local government is often the centrepiece of rural political systems. Interventions to reconfigure local government are therefore quintessentially…

Douglas, D.J.A.

2005-01-01

290

RURAL RECREATION ENTERPRISES FOR PROFIT, AN AID TO RURAL AREAS DEVELOPMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

MANY RURAL AREAS OF THE U.S. POSSESS ENOUGH SPACE AND NATURAL ATTRACTIONS TO SERVE AS A BASIS FOR ESTABLISHING EITHER PART OR FULL-TIME RECREATIONAL ENTERPRISES. MOST OUTDOOR LEISURE ACTIVITIES CENTER AROUND WATER, HUNTING AND FISHING, ADMIRING SCENERY, AND ENJOYING THE NATURAL RURAL LANDSCAPE. THUS THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL RECREATION RESOURCES IS…

Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

291

The Influence of Rural vs, Non-Rural Background and Setting Variables on Psychoeducational Expectations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of rural vs. non-rural background and setting variables upon 383 school psychologists' ex­ pectations for a case study child. The results indicated that school psychologists' expectations were not influenced by the child's background or school setting. However, school psychologists who worked in rural school settings had higher future academic and vocational expectancies for the case

E. SCOTT HUEBNER

1985-01-01

292

Children in Contemporary Society. IYC Series: Part IV. Rural Children and Rural Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contemporary rural population, comprising one-quarter of the nation's total, is diverse. Hence, no single label can be applied to its inhabitants, its families, or its children. This collection of articles, highlighted with drawings by five year old rural residents, describes adaptations to modern American life made by three types of rural

Frank, Mary, Ed.

1980-01-01

293

Rural KIDS COUNT Pocket Guide. Measures of Child Well-Being in the Nation's Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Pocket Guide" is derived from the "2004 KIDS COUNT Special Report: City & Rural KIDSCOUNT Data Book." It is designed to give state-level policymakers a better understanding of conditions faced by families in their rural communities and how they compare to those in the rural parts of other states, as well as the country as a whole. This…

Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2004

2004-01-01

294

One Department Serving Rural America: HHS Rural Task Force Report to the Secretary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) created a rural task force to develop strategies to improve HHS services in rural communities. Fifteen HHS agencies have programs serving rural communities; child- and education-related programs provide child welfare services, Head Start, health promotion and prevention services, training…

Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.

295

The Revitalization of Rural Illinois: Report and Recommendations of the Illinois Rural Planning Council.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Illinois Rural Planning Council spent 1 year developing four task force reports assessing the needs of the state's rural areas and developing solutions to rural problems. The task force reports are principally directed to the Governor and the State Legislature, although the recommendations may be used by federal and state agencies wishing to…

Illinois State Dept. of Commerce and Community Affairs, Springfield.

296

Rural Policy and the New Regional Economics: Implications for Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses gross economic and demographic trends in rural and urban America during the past 30 years, the kinds of competitive advantages enjoyed by urban and rural regions, and insights offered by the new regional economics concerning exploitation of those advantages. The importance of agriculture has declined in rural areas, while…

Quigley, John M.

297

Rural Schools and Communities: How Globalization Influences Rural School and Community Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how a rural school district and the communities in which the district belonged collaborated on a community development initiative. This dissertation examined the opportunities and constraints rural communities are facing and the role that a rural school system could play in increasing social and economic sustainability of…

Butler, Thomas

2008-01-01

298

Rural Women Knowing All: Globalization and Rural Women's Organizing in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural women in China are located on the periphery of that country's processes of globalization and modernization. They also, in the 1990s, acquired a voice of their own through the magazine Rural Women Knowing All. This magazine, founded through the intersection of Chinese and transnational feminisms, provided rural women with connections, knowledge and a venue for their own aspirations. Through

Sharon R. Wesoky

2007-01-01

299

Is Isolation a Problem? Issues Faced by Rural Libraries and Rural Library Staff in South Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this research was to investigate current issues faced by public library staff in rural South Australia and to examine some of the reasons why people choose to work in rural libraries. The study took a mixed methods approach, combining interviews and questionnaires to gain a fuller understanding of the issues and experiences of rural

Haines, Rebecca; Calvert, Philip J.

2009-01-01

300

Adequate Yearly Progress in Small Rural Schools and Rural Low-Income Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adequate yearly progress (AYP) on No Child Left Behind criteria was examined for a randomly selected sample of districts that qualify for the Rural Education Achievement Program (REAP). The sample involved 10% of districts that were eligible for the Small Rural Schools Achievement (SRSA) program and 10% that were eligible for the Rural and…

Farmer, Thomas W.; Leung, Man-Chi; Banks, Jonathan; Schaefer, Victoria; Andrews, Bruce; Murray, Robert Allen

2006-01-01

301

The Broadband Quandary for Rural America. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few markets present significant obstacles to their deployment in rural areas. Broadband applications such as e-commerce, distance education, and telemedicine…

Staihr, Brian

302

The Broadband Quandary for Rural America. The Main Street Economist: Commentary on the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High speed data services known as broadband have the potential to make rural areas less isolated and improve the rural quality of life, but physical barriers, sparse population density, and few markets present significant obstacles to their deployment in rural areas. Broadband applications such as e-commerce, distance education, and telemedicine…

Staihr, Brian

303

Ten Decades of Rural Development: Lessons from India. MSU Rural Development Paper No. 1, 1978.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One hundred years of rural development in India is surveyed, tracing the impact of colonial administration up to and including the decades of independence--an administration built on elitism, centralism, and paternalism. Four major rural problems of famine, abuses of land tenure, peasant indebtedness, and rural disaffection and how political…

Khan, Akhter Hameed

304

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

305

Rural Conditions and Trends, Spring 1992. Vol. 3, No. 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Overview--Rural and urban unemployment rates converge, other gaps remain; National economic conditions--Sluggish economy continues; Employment--Rural employment falls in 1991; Unemployment--Rural unemployment stays high in fourth quarter 1991; I...

L. M. Ghelfi

1992-01-01

306

47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22.705 Section 22.705 Telecommunication ...Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration. Stations in the Rural Radiotelephone Service are...

2012-10-01

307

47 CFR 22.705 - Rural radiotelephone system configuration.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Rural radiotelephone system configuration. 22.705 Section 22.705 Telecommunication ...Radiotelephone Service § 22.705 Rural radiotelephone system configuration. Stations in the Rural Radiotelephone Service are...

2011-10-01

308

Mental Health Services in Rural Jails. Working Paper No. 42.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to explore the role of rural jails in the mental health systems in rural communities, investigate how rural jails manage mental health and substance abuse problems among inmates, ascertain barriers to providing mental health ...

A. Yousefian D. Hartley D. Lambert M. M. Race

2010-01-01

309

7 CFR 1940.593 - Rural Business Opportunity Grants.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Rural Business Opportunity Grants. 1940.593 Section 1940...Funds § 1940.593 Rural Business Opportunity Grants. (a) Amount available for...formula is not used for Rural Business Opportunity Grants (RBOG). (e) Base...

2012-01-01

310

78 FR 17418 - Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...award under the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development Grant...responsibilities for the Rural Health Information Technology Network Development...

2013-03-21

311

78 FR 54967 - Rural Health Care Support Mechanism  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service--Rural Health Care Program, Report and Order...Universal Service--Rural Health Care Program, WC Docket No...Healthcare Connect Fund, which reforms, expands, and modernizes the Rural Health Care program based on...

2013-09-09

312

Alternative delivery systems in rural areas.  

PubMed Central

Alternative delivery systems, such as HMOs, PPOs, and primary care case-management programs, have a long history in rural America despite significant impediments to their development. However, little is known about the effect of these systems on rural communities and their medical care delivery systems. Existing studies, which focus on rural HMOs, are qualitative in nature and generally are directed at identifying factors that facilitate or retard HMO development. Despite their limitations, the studies do raise a variety of issues deserving of quantitative analysis. Research is now needed that (1) investigates the effect of rural alternative delivery systems on the cost and quality of care received by rural residents, (2) assesses the effectiveness of different mechanisms used by these systems to contain costs, (3) estimates the effect of alternative delivery systems on rural providers, (4) determines the extent to which the presence or absence of alternative delivery systems influences physician decisions to locate in rural areas, (5) identifies factors that are important in consumer decisions to enroll or not enroll in a rural alternative delivery system, and (6) analyzes the diffusion patterns of these systems in rural areas.

Christianson, J B

1989-01-01

313

Rural mental health: neither romanticism nor despair.  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationship between rural places and mental health. It begins with a definition of mental health and an outline of the data that have led to the current concern with promoting positive mental health. We then consider aspects of rural life and place that contribute to positive mental health or increase the likelihood of mental health problems. Issues identified include environment, place, gender identity, violence and dispossession and the influence of the effects of structural changes in rural communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the determinants of resilience in rural places, including social connectedness, valuing diversity and economic participation. PMID:11249401

Wainer, J; Chesters, J

2000-06-01

314

Assessment of a dental rural teaching program  

PubMed Central

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a rural clinical placement on students’ self-perceived clinical skills and work location choice post-graduation. Methods: A one month rural placement program was introduced in 2008–2009 for 4th year dental undergraduates. Student’s views on the rural exercise were collected by pre and post self-completion questionnaires, which were distributed to rural placement students and to the students who did not participate in the placement. Information was collected on self-reported skill levels in various clinical techniques using Likert scales and future rural work intentions. Clinical supervisors and University Faculty Members opinions on the students clinical work were also collected via interviews. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 27 years and the majority were female (57%). All the placement students (volunteers) completed pre and post placement questionnaires and (67%) of the non-placement students completed the pre questionnaire and (65%) a post questionnaire. When the two groups were compared in terms of their Likert scores, there was a significantly (P<.02) larger increase in skill level in the rural group. Clinical supervisors confirmed volunteers increased in confidence and ability in clinical skills post placement. The majority (96%) of students who completed a placement reported that they were more likely to work in a rural environment after graduation. Conclusions: The rural placement improved the self-perceived clinical skills of the volunteers and enhanced positive attitudes towards working in a rural location.

Johnson, George; Blinkhorn, Anthony

2012-01-01

315

The Discussion on the Interaction and Integration of Modern Agriculture and Rural tourism Sustainable Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis summarizes the connotation of rural tourism and divides it into six types, including rural sightseeing and leisure tour, rural sports and fitness tour, rural folk culture tour, rural farming experience tour, rural business activity tour and rural learning and development tour. It outlines the theory of rural tourism sustainable development and points out that what sustainable development of

Xiao Xiao; Peng Song

2010-01-01

316

Calidad objetiva y su relación con la formación y la satisfacción del empresario: El caso de los alojamientos rurales españoles1  

Microsoft Academic Search

La revisión de la literatura desvela una relación entre el perfil del pequeño empresario y la competitividad del negocio que regenta. A su vez, observamos la progresiva utilización de estándares de calidad en el sector del turismo rural, bien por parte de la Administración o por asociaciones privadas. El desarrollo de estándares se debe a los resultados empresariales positivos que

Rosa María; Hernández Maestro; Pablo A. Muñoz Gallego; Libia Santos Requejo

317

Rural-to-Urban Labor Migration, Household Livelihoods, and the Rural Environment in Chongqing Municipality, Southwest China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural migration and its relationship to the rural environment have attracted increasing research interest in recent decades.\\u000a Rural migration constitutes a key component of human population movement, while rural areas contain most of the world’s natural\\u000a resources such as land and forests. This study empirically evaluates a conceptual framework incorporating rural household\\u000a livelihoods as an integrative mediating factor between rural

Hua Qin

2010-01-01

318

Rural Education and the Beginning Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses the major issues beginning teachers face in their first postings to rural areas in Australia. The issues go beyond pedagogy. Beginning teachers need to understand social factors affecting rural communities so they can link lessons to the realities experienced by students. Geographic isolation affects the provision of…

Higgins, Andrew

319

Biotech Tradeoffs in the Rural Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Synthesizes findings with personal estimates of likely impacts of biotechnology on nonmetropolitan economy, farming, public research institutions. Indicates biotechnology's benefit to rural America may come in expanded demand for raw materials although drawbacks may include declining farm numbers and displacement of rural workers in…

Buttel, Frederick H.

1987-01-01

320

Information technology in rural emergency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural communities face a multitude of hazardous conditions—from blizzards, floods, droughts, and insect infestations caused by nature to hazardous material spills, transportation accidents, and dam failures that result from human activities. Information technology offers to rural emergency managers potentially important tools with which to better plan, alert, and respond to disasters.Three case studies are presented about uses of different technologies.

James W. Morentz

1983-01-01

321

Rural School Children Picturing Family Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rurality is an active agent and central to the lived experiences of children growing up on a farm and attending a farm school. It is a key to their everyday experiences, and influences family life, schooling and their future. Previous studies elsewhere in the world have explored the notion of childhood in rural contexts, but there is a dearth of…

de Lange, Naydene; Olivier, Tilla; Geldenhuys, Johanna; Mitchell, Claudia

2012-01-01

322

Breastfeeding practices in urban and rural Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe and compare breastfeeding practices in rural and urban areas of Vietnam and to study associations with possibly influencing person and household factors. This type of study has not been conducted in Vietnam before. METHODS: Totally 2,690 children, born from 1st March 2008 to 30th June 2010 in one rural and one

H. N. Thu; B. Eriksson; T. T. Khanh; M. Petzold; G. Bondjers; C. N. Kim; L. N. Thanh; H. Ascher

2012-01-01

323

Improving the Rural School Reading Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students who live in rural areas will almost certainly leave those areas for occupations in larger city areas when they reach adulthood. Therefore, the child needs to receive the best education possible to prepare for an unknown future. This paper discusses some of the characteristics of rural schools, especially the plethora of children living…

Ediger, Marlow

324

Rural Public Libraries in Multitype Library Cooperatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a historical overview of library cooperative efforts, the roles identified for the cooperative library organizations and their members, and associated services. Examines the contributions that rural libraries make toward cooperation among all types of libraries and identifies challenges for rural libraries participating in networks in the…

Ison, Jan

1995-01-01

325

Energy utilisation in rural industries in Karnataka  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is a vital component in rural industries such as the Agro processing industries and the brick and tile industries. In rural areas, population pressure and low agricultural productivity are among factors forcing people into marginal and ecologically fragile lands. Forests are being logged to meet the energy demand of a region in addition to clearing forests for agricultural purposes

T. V. Ramachandra

1998-01-01

326

Womens pay in English rural districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines hourly wage payments for women who live in the rural districts of England, both in terms of variability within such districts and in terms of comparisons with non-rural districts. Drawing on the Labour Force Surveys Local Annual Database, the paper argues that, once education, industry and occupation are taken into account, there is little to distinguish wage

Keith Hoggart; Shen Cheng

2006-01-01

327

Rural Poverty Resource Directory. 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This directory contains names and contact information for over 50 social scientists who are available for consultation on policy issues related to poverty in rural America. Part I is organized by topics that are relevant to rural poverty policies and legislation. Under each topic heading are the names; university affiliations; addresses; and…

Summers, Gene F., Comp.; And Others

328

Environmental Scanning Practices for Rural Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the importance of environmental scanning in the planning efforts of rural community colleges. Reviews basic techniques and terminology and suggests sources of data. Argues that environmental scanning allows rural colleges to inexpensively forecast change, identify implications for the organization, and plan preferred responses to shape…

Friedel, Janice Nahra; Lapin, Joel D.

1995-01-01

329

Revisiting Rurality and Schooling: A Teacher's Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents an understanding of what it means to be a teacher in a school defined as "rural". From a sociological perspective, we consider the mechanisms and ways of knowing that are adopted by a teacher for understanding not only the external world but for being a certain kind of teacher for a school in a rural setting. Employing data…

Pillay, Daisy; Saloojee, Sheeren

2012-01-01

330

Commercialization of Food Consumption in Rural China.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rural households in China have traditionally consumed food mostly grown on their own farms. While they continue to rely on self-produced grains, vegetables, meats, and eggs for a large portion of their diet, rural households are now purchasing more of the...

F. Gale H. Xu P. Tang X. Bai

2005-01-01

331

Connecting Rural School Improvement and Community Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first of a series of issue papers that discuss ways in which rural communities and schools can work together to guarantee their students the best education possible. By working together, rural schools and communities can not only improve education, but revitalize the entire community. The Southwest Educational Development Laboratory is…

Benefits2, 1999

1999-01-01

332

Rural Primary School Closures in England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A three-phase interdisciplinary effort between educators and environmental planners is focusing on the social effects of rural primary school reorganization now occuring in England as a result of a declining birth rate and the resulting need for school closure. A questionnaire mailed nationally to rural Local Education Authorities,…

Whitfield, Richard C.

333

Poverty and Rural Schools. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Impoverished populations and schools in rural areas face special challenges that are different from other settings. Among these are the distances from social services, the sparse availability of assistance programs, and the shortage of resources to support educational programs and student learning. Rural schools, do, however, have assets that can…

Johnston, Howard

2009-01-01

334

Environmental Issues and Perceptions of Rural Nebraskans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This working paper presents findings from the first annual Nebraska Rural Poll. The study is based on 2,754 responses from households in the 87 nonmetropolitan counties in the state. The objectives of this paper are to provide information on how rural Nebraskans view the following issues and questions: 1. Does the state of Nebraska currently do enough to prevent groundwater

John C. Allen; Sam Cordes; Amy M. Smith; Matt Spilker; Amber Hamilton

2002-01-01

335

Rural-Urban Migration Patterns Shift.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Migration data from the Current Population Survey indicate a small population gain for rural areas during the period from 1990 to 1994. Examination of data by age, education, and poverty level suggests a reversal of the "brain drain" trend of the 1980s, as more working-age people with children and college graduates move into rural areas,…

McGranahan, David A.; Kassel, Kathleen

1995-01-01

336

Meeting the Needs of Rural Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the gender order that operates in rural areas of Australia, ensuring that women are accorded secondary status, that their contributions are discounted, and that their concerns are trivialized. Women are disadvantaged by patriarchal gender relations that dominate rural society and that are reinforced by ideologies of family and…

Alston, Margaret

337

Drug Use by Urban and Rural Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated drug use behaviors of rural and urban students in Georgia. Data from 1,897 response forms indicated experimental use of alcoholic beverages was high (approximately two-thirds for rural and urban samples), while approximately one-third reported marijuana use. Males exceed females in weekly and daily drug use. (Author)

Gleaton, Thomas J., Jr.; Smith, Sidney P.

1981-01-01

338

Towards a Theory of Rural Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical developments in rural India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China are the empirical basis of this study which offers a theory of rural development for all Asia keyed to fundamental humanistic values rather than narrower techno-economic considerations. Previous efforts have often been "top-down" processes tending to serve bureaucracies and…

Haque, Wahidul; And Others

339

Rural Technical Assistance Center Workshop Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This reference guide contains summaries of workshops developed by the Rural Technical Assistance Centers (R-TACs) at the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory to provide assistance to Chapter 1 personnel. The booklet describes currently available standard workshops from which rural educators may select. Most workshops can range from an…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.

340

Rural Medical Education: Review of the Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|(Purpose) This report summarizes a synthesis of the literature related to the evidence, initiatives and approaches to rural/northern medical education, particularly its role in strengthening the medical workforce in rural areas. (Methodology) A literature review was conducted involving the literature databases MEDLINE (January 1990-March 2003),…

Curran, Vernon R.; Bornstein, Stephen; Jong, Michael; Fleet, Lisa

2004-01-01

341

Rural Gifted Education: Enhancing Service Delivery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Devising appropriate service delivery for gifted individuals is never an easy task and is especially challenging in rural areas. Characteristics of rural schools may be both barriers and benefits to gifted education. Limited numbers may mean that programming options for gifted students are unfeasible, but small schools and classes make…

Lewis, Joan D.

342

Rural Homeless Shelters: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there has been some increased attention to the issue of homelessness and homeless shelter services, little effort has been made to understand the operation of rural homeless shelters. This situation persists despite decades of effort showing that the rural environment provides a very different context for the delivery of services than an urban environment. This study hypothesized that contextual

Marianne Goodfellow

1999-01-01

343

ORGANIZATION OF ALZHEIMER'S SERVICES FOR RURAL AREAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current number of diagnosed Alzheimer's patients, nationally estimated to be at least two million people, is a major social and policy problem. Research on the management of Alzheimer's disease has a decidedly urban focus, even though a quarter of the U.S. population is rural. Different models of providing care to Alzheimer's patients in rural areas are explored, including (a)

Yvonne M. Vissing; Jeffrey C. Salloway; David L. Siress

1994-01-01

344

Rural-Urban Partnering in Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interactive television was used to deliver instruction on advanced cardiac life support to rural health care providers. The partnership between rural and urban hospitals enabled the provision of high-quality, cost-effective continuing education to geographically isolated populations. (SK)|

Malay, Michael E.; Moore, Jayne F.

2002-01-01

345

Uninsured Hospitalizations: Rural and Urban Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Few studies have examined hospitalization patterns among the uninsured, especially from the perspective of rural and urban differences. Purpose: To examine whether the patterns of uninsured hospitalizations differ in rural and urban hospitals and to identify the most prevalent and costly diagnoses among uninsured hospitalizations.…

Zhang, Wanqing; Mueller, Keith J.; Chen, Li-Wu

2008-01-01

346

Risk Communication in Rural Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk communication is a methodology recommended for rural special education professionals who communicate with parents and teachers. Using rural special education examples, the steps of risk-based decision making are described: hazard identification, hazard assessment, risk assessment, risk management, risk analysis, and risk communication.…

Bull, Kay Sather; Kimball, Sarah

1997-01-01

347

Police Management Guidelines for Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The importance of the rural police function is likely to mount due to increasing urban to rural migration and a climbing crime rate (up as much as 30 percent in some parts of the midwest). Although 92 percent of police departments in the U.S. are comprised of less than 10 officers, there is little information available on the organization and…

Zapke, Robert A.

348

Implementing Patient Safety Initiatives in Rural Hospitals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementation of patient safety initiatives can be costly in time and energy. Because of small volumes and limited resources, rural hospitals often are not included in nationally driven patient safety initiatives. This article describes the Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration project, whose goal was to strengthen capacity for…

Klingner, Jill; Moscovice, Ira; Tupper, Judith; Coburn, Andrew; Wakefield, Mary

2009-01-01

349

Training To Provide for Healthy Rural Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most of the world's rapidly expanding aging population is in rural areas of developing countries. Geriatric training programs should include social, economic, and psychological aspects of aging as well as medical, and should focus on enabling primary health caregivers to care for older people in their environments. Efforts to provide rural

Troisi, Joseph

2001-01-01

350

The Mass Media in Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As educators and politicians have become aware of the need to provide more educational opportunities to rural areas, mass media has become more important. Focusing upon the developing nations of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, this article discusses the past and continuing use of mass media in rural education. Topics are: an overview of mass…

Hornik, Rboert; And Others

351

Catholic High Schools and Rural Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the effects of rural Catholic high schools on achievement in mathematics, high school graduation rates, and the likelihood that high school graduates go on to college are examined. Estimates that are corrected for selection bias indicate that rural Catholic high schools have a positive effect on mathematics test scores and no effect on graduation rates or on

William Sander

1997-01-01

352

Uninsured Hospitalizations: Rural and Urban Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Few studies have examined hospitalization patterns among the uninsured, especially from the perspective of rural and urban differences. Purpose: To examine whether the patterns of uninsured hospitalizations differ in rural and urban hospitals and to identify the most prevalent and costly diagnoses among uninsured hospitalizations.…

Zhang, Wanqing; Mueller, Keith J.; Chen, Li-Wu

2008-01-01

353

Implementing Patient Safety Initiatives in Rural Hospitals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Implementation of patient safety initiatives can be costly in time and energy. Because of small volumes and limited resources, rural hospitals often are not included in nationally driven patient safety initiatives. This article describes the Tennessee Rural Hospital Patient Safety Demonstration project, whose goal was to strengthen capacity for…

Klingner, Jill; Moscovice, Ira; Tupper, Judith; Coburn, Andrew; Wakefield, Mary

2009-01-01

354

Midwestern Rural Adolescents' Oral Sex Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: This study examined the prevalence of oral sexual activity in rural Midwestern adolescents. We also examined the correlates of a series of risk behaviors with oral sexual activity. Methods: A questionnaire based on the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was distributed to 2121 rural middle and high school students in grades 6-12…

Dake, Joseph A.; Price, James H.; Ward, Britney L.; Welch, Philip J.

2011-01-01

355

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

356

Continuing Education for Rural Hospital Nurses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a rural outreach program to provide continuing education in nursing practice to all levels of nursing personnel in rural hospitals. Covers difficulties in planning and implementing the programs and the steps taken to explain the program philosophy and gain the trust of hospital adminstration and staff. (MF)|

Burns, Nancy; Pickard, Myrna R.

1979-01-01

357

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION IN ETHIOPIA: OPPORTUNITIES AND BOTTLENECKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural electrification has long been top on the development agenda of many developing countries. Nevertheless, a vast majority of the population in these countries is still in the darkness. The proportion of rural population in the Sub- Saharan Africa that has an access to electricity is, for instance, as low as 4%. Electric energy (electric light in particular) is still

Aklilu Dalelo

358

LTE for rural applications and humanitarian relief  

Microsoft Academic Search

India faces a huge challenge in providing health services in rural areas. India, with only 8 skilled health workers per 10,000 people compared to the international norm of 25. needs to use wireless broadband technology along with cost-effective devices and cloud telemedicine apps, to extend healthcare to rural areas. The proper use of wireless broadband will ensure that advanced medical

Kumar N. Sivarajan

2011-01-01

359

Multicultural Experiences Exist in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Legislation requiring multicultural education for teacher preparation programs could help dispel misconceptions about the homogeneity of rural American (all redneck farmers/ranchers, no poverty). Using field experiences in rural areas/schools for beginning teachers to observe cultural pluralism may have serendipitous effects of promoting positive…

Lotven, Brian

1983-01-01

360

Rural Development Programs. A Citizen's Action Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Where the money is and what you'll need to do to get it," form the central theme of this citizen's guide to rural development. Designed to assist a community leader interested in implementing a development project, the guide concentrates on the sources which most frequently fund rural community development projects, i.e., the grant and loan…

De Weaver, Norman

361

Transitioning Rural Graduate Nurses Into Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purposes\\/Aims: With no end in sight for the nation’s nursing shortage, hospitals are directing greater attention toward recruitment and retention of graduate nurses. Qualified nurses are needed in health care facilities throughout the country, including rural hospitals. A lack of qualified nurses and geographical disparities in rural health care play a major role in the delivery of quality patient care.

E’Raina Hatch; Mary Randall; Helen Ryan; Heather Taylor

2009-01-01

362

NGOs, THE INTERNET AND SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today sustainable rural development is of paramount importance in Indonesian development. Yet, different social actors have different perspectives on it. Non-government organizations (NGOs) in Indonesia have established themselves in pivotal positions in the social, economic and political landscape across the country, and a large amount of their work has been connected with development in the rural sector. But, there has

Yanuar Nugroho

2010-01-01

363

South Africa, the homelands and rural development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1986 the Urban Foundation commissioned the authors to explore the impact on rural development of political?economic relations between South Africa and the ‘homelands’. The exercise was inevitably speculative and ranged from a historical and statistical evaluation of these relations to policy prescriptions for rural development (Nattrass & Nattrass, 1986). This article draws on some of the ideas expressed in

Nicoli Nattrass; Jill Nattrass

1990-01-01

364

Summer Programming in Rural Communities: Unique Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the past several decades, child poverty rates have been higher in rural than in urban areas, and now 2.5 million children live in deep poverty in rural America. Studies indicate that poor children are most affected by the typical "summer slide." Summer programming has the ability to address the issues of academic loss, nutritional loss,…

Phillips, Ruthellen; Harper, Stacey; Gamble, Susan

2007-01-01

365

Poor, Rural Neighborhoods and Early School Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study sought to identify the existence of neighborhood effects on school achievement that are independent of social class and family background among students from poor, rural neighborhoods. Ethnographic material yielded a concept of rural West Virginia neighborhoods in which residents expect their encounters to be friendly, informal, almost…

Bickel, Robert; Smith, Cynthia; Eagle, Teresa Hardman

366

Rural Policy in a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past rural policies are reviewed, noting the effects of globalization and information technology. Rural business profits can be maximized by direct cost or value-added competition, but cost competition limits the development of productive capacity and leads to unequal income distribution. In contrast, value-added competition could create steep…

Marshall, Ray

367

Implementing Welfare Reform in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is part of a broader study considering effects of welfare reform on households in rural areas. This report describes the findings of qualitative research, which examined welfare reform implementation and availability of services in 12 rural communities in Alabama, Arkansas, California, and Maine. The study sites were diverse in terms of…

Pindus, Nancy M.

368

Reconceptualising Child Care in Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examining child care services in rural and remote areas conducted focus group interviews and distributed questionnaires to parents living in 15 towns in the Mallee region of Western Victoria (Australia). Barriers to accessing child care in rural areas included limited availability of formal services, costs, stereotypes associated with life…

Morda, Romana; Kapsalakis, Anthoula; Clyde, Margaret

369

Access to Care Among Rural Minorities: Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An estimated 14.9 million children live in rural areas of the US. For this report, rural is defined as a county that is not part of a metropolitan area. Most of these children (11.8 million) are white, followed by 1.5 million African American children, 1....

C. Moore E. G. Baxley J. C. Probst K. W. Roof M. E. Samuels

2001-01-01

370

Energy Use and Concerns of Rural Nebraskans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy prices have steadily increased during the past year. Rural residents are now faced with higher costs to drive and heat and cool their homes. Given these conditions, how much of a problem have rising energy costs been for rural Nebraskans? What are their opinions on future energy sources? What changes have they made or do they plan to make

Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Miguel A. Carranza; Bruce Johnson; David J. Peters

2008-01-01

371

Telepsychiatry for Treating Rural American Indian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of all of the medical specialties, child and adolescent psychiatry has the most severe shortage of practitioners. This shortage is even more pronounced in economically disadvantaged and rural areas. The American Indian population is younger, more economically disadvantaged, and more rural than the general U.S. population (United States Census…

Savin, Daniel; Garry, Mark T.; Zuccaro, Paula; Novins, Douglas

2006-01-01

372

The Rural Elderly: Program Planning Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for the rural practitioner, this manual offers a description of the major developmental tasks faced by individuals during the latter part of the life span and a summary of the major implications that research holds for building community programs for the rural elderly. Section II discusses two major assumptions: (1) because human beings…

Coward, Raymond T.; Kerckhoff, Richard K.

373

Child Adoption in Contemporary Rural China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on qualitative information from in-depth interviews and quantitative data from a survey of 425 adoptive families conducted in summer 2001 in rural China, this study attempts to explain the social and demographic patterns of adoption and investigate the roles of the State and families in adoption processes in contemporary rural China. Within…

Zhang, Weiguo

2006-01-01

374

Women's Status in a Rural Chinese Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study extends the literature by identifying two new dimensions of rural women?s status (husband?s housework sharing and women?s exposure to the larger world, in addition to power and autonomy) based on rich information from a representative sample of 1.062 childbearing women in rural Yunnan, China. It utilizes linear structural relations…

Li, Jianghong

2005-01-01

375

Rural and Urban Teaching Experiences: Narrative Expressions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative exploration of rural and urban teaching experiences encapsulates the experiences of 8 Western Canadian teachers. A literature review outlines the benefits and challenges of rural and urban education. Stemming from narrative inquiry data, I present the study's results in the form of two composite stories, which depict the lived…

Preston, Jane P.

2012-01-01

376

Rural Men, Sexual Identity and Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between rurality and men's sexuality remain relatively unexplored. This study addresses the knowledge gap in the research literature by focusing on men who have sex with men in rural areas across Ontario, Canada. Employing a constructivist grounded theory methodology, interviews were conducted with 32 men across 28 geographic locales consisting of populations of less than 10,000 people. Men

Michael Kennedy

2010-01-01

377

Barriers to Distance Education in Rural Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary purpose of the current study was to examine barriers to the use of distance education and explore related factors in small and low-income rural schools. Data were collected via a telephone survey with administrators or other qualified personnel. The sample involved 417 randomly selected small and low-income rural school districts…

Irvin, Matthew J.; Hannum, Wallace H.; Varre, Claire de la; Farmer, Thomas W.

2010-01-01

378

Understanding Race and Ethnicity in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|American Indian reservations, Mexican American colonias, and African American communities in the rural South are located in close proximity to historic institutions established for their exploitation, and represent a legacy from which much can be learned. Reviews studies of race and ethnicity in rural areas during three periods in the development…

Snipp, C. Matthew

1996-01-01

379

Rural Alaskan Youth's Attitudes Toward Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines educational expectations, aspirations, and anticipatory goal deflections of 73 high school sophomores and seniors with a variety of racial-ethnic backgrounds from 3 isolated rural Alaska schools. Reports significant differences between groups and schools; rural Alaskan Natives showed much lower expectations and aspirations than any other…

Chu, Lily; Culbertson, Jeanne

1982-01-01

380

Planning Educational Services for Rural Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report showed ways of providing rural youths with quality schooling while keeping costs down. An Oklahoma survey of student needs measured quality differences between rural and urban areas. Students from farms, ranches, and small towns consistently ranked below students in middle and large cities on achievement tests in each grade level…

White, Fred; Tweeten, Luther

381

EVALUATING TELEMEDICINE TECHNOLOGIES IN RURAL SETTINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in health care policies, demographics, and technology have presented new opportunities for the delivery of medical care services and information to rural communities. Telemedicinethe use of electronic information and communications technologies to provide and support health care when distance separates the participantshas significantly impacted the delivery of rural health care services. This paper presents an overview of the telemedicine

Susan M. Capalbo; Christine N. Heggem

1999-01-01

382

USDA and Communications with Rural America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This address emphasizes the need to revitalize the rural community. To revitalize the community, reorganization is going to have to take place. “Change” is going to occur in agriculture, starting with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. This change, reorganization, is the key to the future success of rural America and agriculture.

Sam Taylor

1994-01-01

383

DIGITAL DIVIDE EVIDENCE IN FOUR RURAL TOWNS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate about a digital divide between rural and urban America suggests that communities of place still influence how telecommunications and other advanced technologies are used. This article examines the utilization of email and the Web, based on a sample of 471 residents from four rural communities in Nebraska and Wisconsin, in which the study found nearly identical levels and

JOSEPH F. DONNERMEYER; C. ANN HOLLIFIELD

2003-01-01

384

Rurality Index for Small Areas in Spain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An operational definition for "rural area" is pivotal if proposals, policies and decisions aimed at optimising the distribution of resources, closing the gap on inequity between areas and raising standards of living for the least advantaged populations are to be put in place. The concept of rurality, however, is often based on alternative and…

Ocana-Riola, Ricardo; Sanchez-Cantalejo, Carmen

2005-01-01

385

Typology of Leisure of Rural People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a 1972 sociological survey of rural inhabitants working in the public economy of the province of Novosibirsk, this study examined leisure as an element of the residents' life style. Rural residents with common leisure behaviors were identified through the classification of the behavior's function and quality. Leisure functions…

Tapilina, Vera Sergeevna

386

Job Displacement and the Rural Worker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High rates of unemployment in rural areas poses questions as what education can do with the problem. This report examines the effects of rural American economies as they grow away from agriculture and toward dependence on manufacturing and service industries. Using data from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics' Displaced Worker Survey, the…

Podgursky, Michael

387

Women's Fear of Crime: A Rural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines women's experience of fear of crime in rural areas. It argues that much existing research on issues of gender, fear and safety have focused on urban areas and that as a result we know relatively little about women's experience of fear in a rural context. As well as arguing that we need to redress the balance and respond to the…

Little, Jo; Panelli, Ruth; Kraack, Anna

2005-01-01

388

Rural-Urban Partnering in Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive television was used to deliver instruction on advanced cardiac life support to rural health care providers. The partnership between rural and urban hospitals enabled the provision of high-quality, cost-effective continuing education to geographically isolated populations. (SK)

Malay, Michael E.; Moore, Jayne F.

2002-01-01

389

Opportunities for ESAs Serving Rural School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opportunities abound for educational service agencies (ESAs) to assist rural schools districts with implementing the No Child Left Behind Act. Strategies that ESAs could pursue are presented for critical issues in the areas of school-community relationships, school roles in rural development, funding, standard setting, school size, facility…

Harmon, Hobart L.

2003-01-01

390

Modelling urban - rural population growth in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population of China is still growing despite a dramatic decline in fertility in the past two decades. There are marked urban - rural differentials in fertility and, as a result, the pace of urbanization has significant effects on population growth. In this research an attempt is made to model urban - rural population growth in China. A demoeconomic model

J Shen; N A Spence

1996-01-01

391

Rural Education Directory: Organizations and Resources, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This directory contains brief descriptions and contact information for organizations, agencies, and publications related to rural education. Mindful of the wide variety of issues impacting rural schools and related information needs, the directory includes national associations, research and training centers, health organizations, publishers,…

Burczyk, Charlotte, Comp.; Dawson, Cindy, Comp.; Hammer, Patricia Cahape, Comp.; Mays, Janet, Comp.; Moellendick, Joseph, Comp.

392

Rural and Urban Teaching Experiences: Narrative Expressions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative exploration of rural and urban teaching experiences encapsulates the experiences of 8 Western Canadian teachers. A literature review outlines the benefits and challenges of rural and urban education. Stemming from narrative inquiry data, I present the study's results in the form of two composite stories, which depict the lived…

Preston, Jane P.

2012-01-01

393

Keeping Rural Schools up to Full Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural schools are long accustomed to meeting challenges in innovative ways. For them, the challenge is not so much a lack of technology as it is adequate internet access, which affects both teachers and students. In this article, the author discusses how to keep rural schools up to full speed. The author suggests that the best approach when…

Beesley, Andrea

2011-01-01

394

Rural Public Libraries in Multitype Library Cooperatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a historical overview of library cooperative efforts, the roles identified for the cooperative library organizations and their members, and associated services. Examines the contributions that rural libraries make toward cooperation among all types of libraries and identifies challenges for rural libraries participating in networks in…

Ison, Jan

1995-01-01

395

Experiences of Women in Rural Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although rural governance is allegedly more inclusive than government, evidence suggests that a 'male culture' can exclude some groups, including women, from forms of governance such as partnership working. In addition, because of the focus on traditional scientific methodologies with which studies of rural life have usually been conducted, there is a dearth of knowledge regarding the experiences of women

Florence A Bell

396

Rural Poverty Resource Directory. 2nd Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains names and contact information for over 50 social scientists who are available for consultation on policy issues related to poverty in rural America. Part I is organized by topics that are relevant to rural poverty policies and legislation. Under each topic heading are the names; university affiliations; addresses; and…

Summers, Gene F., Comp.; And Others

397

Market Access and Rural Poverty in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic reforms in Tanzania have resulted in low inflation and solid economic growth, but many observers question whether the standard of living of ordinary Tanzanians has improved. Furthermore, there is a strong suspicion that the benefits have been concentrated among the urban population and among rural households with good market access, leaving remote rural households behind. In this paper, we

Nicholas Minot

2006-01-01

398

Rural-Urban Continuum Code - SEER Datasets  

Cancer.gov

Rural-Urban Continuum Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan (metro) counties by the population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) counties by degree of urbanization and adjacency to a metro area or areas. For more information from the USDA or to download the original data, go to their section on Rural-Urban Continuum Codes.

399

Rural Economic Development: Learning from Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report analyzes the strategies used for successful rural economic development in twelve counties around the U.S. These counties had strong employment growth relative to other rural counties in the 1980s. The report is intended for the use of officials...

S. H. Leaman T. J. Cook L. S. Stewart A. B. Spruyt

1990-01-01

400

Keeping Rural Schools up to Full Speed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural schools are long accustomed to meeting challenges in innovative ways. For them, the challenge is not so much a lack of technology as it is adequate internet access, which affects both teachers and students. In this article, the author discusses how to keep rural schools up to full speed. The author suggests that the best approach when…

Beesley, Andrea

2011-01-01

401

Urban Poverty and Rural to Urban Migration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from the 1967 Survey of Economic Opportunity analyze dimensions of the presumed relationship of rural-urban migration and the plight of cities: the location of rural migrants in urban areas, and the extent of their contribution to urban poverty. (Author/KM)|

Ritchey, P. Neal

1974-01-01

402

A robust rural economy in 2006?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural America will remember 2005 as a year of drought, hurricanes, and surging gas prices. To be sure, some regions of the country faced devastating natural catastrophes. Yet, these catastrophes did not stop the farm sector from posting another banner income year—nor did they stop the nonfarm sectors from enjoying solid gains in employment and income. Overall, the rural economy

Jason Henderson

2006-01-01

403

Opportunities for ESAs Serving Rural School Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Opportunities abound for educational service agencies (ESAs) to assist rural schools districts with implementing the No Child Left Behind Act. Strategies that ESAs could pursue are presented for critical issues in the areas of school-community relationships, school roles in rural development, funding, standard setting, school size, facility…

Harmon, Hobart L.

2003-01-01

404

Improving rural health care in South Dakota.  

PubMed

This study was designed to find ways to improve the quality of health care in rural settings. The study includes three components: a telephone survey of a rural community, a patient quiz, and interviews with ten rural family practice doctors in the southeast corner of South Dakota. This study was conducted in a rural community of about 1,500 people. The results of the survey suggest that rural health care can be improved by more education of the public on what is offered for preventative medicine, especially for the men 55 or younger, a female doctor who is willing to do obstetrical/gynecological services to meet the local demand, and physicians learning new procedures such as colonoscopy, colposcopy, and stress testing to better serve their patients. PMID:8997151

Mortinsen, R

1996-12-01

405

Rural versus non-rural differences in surgeon performed endoscopy: results of a national survey.  

PubMed

The ongoing decline in the number of general surgeons practicing in rural areas of the United States is concerning. Existing data show that rural surgeons perform a broad spectrum of cases including procedures that are not considered to be in the repertoire of most general surgeons. In particular, rural surgeons seem to be performing a sizeable number of endoscopic procedures. A sixty-item survey was mailed to 1700 rural surgeons while a random sample of 154 urban surgeons were telephoned and administered the same questionnaire. The general surgeons were identified using a list obtained from the American Medical Association Masterfile. The response rate was 25 per cent and 74 per cent among rural and nonrural surgeons respectively. Seventy four per cent of rural surgeons performed more than 50 flexible endoscopies a year in contrast to 33 per cent of nonrural surgeons (P < 0.05). Approximately 42 per cent of rural surgeons reported doing more than 200 procedures annually, whereas only 12 per cent of the nonrural surgeons did so. Additionally, 63 per cent of rural surgeons wished they had further training in endoscopy before starting practice as compared with 46 per cent (P < 0.05) of nonrural surgeons. Rural surgeons perform flexible endoscopy at a much higher rate than their nonrural counterparts. The majority of rural surgeons feel they would have benefited from additional flexible endoscopy training before entering practice. PMID:17939423

Zuckerman, Randall; Doty, Brit; Bark, Kenneth; Heneghan, Steven

2007-09-01

406

The meaning of 'rural' in rural health: a review and case study from Brazil.  

PubMed

Health disparities between rural and urban populations are an important global health concern, although ascertaining what constitutes a rural context is a complicated undertaking. This article summarises theoretical contributions that help to explain how uncritical use of rural classifications may interfere with epidemiological data and health policies. Bonfim, a community located in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, illustrates the discussion. Bonfim is classified as urban by the Brazilian census, although the community contains farmland, parkland and rural social groups such as family farmers and ecotourism employees. The (mis)classification of Bonfim as urban further complicates the meaning of rural, and thus also what is meant by rural health. Researchers have developed some new rurality indexes to overcome the rural-urban dichotomy and to help understand local scale health determinants. But the obstacles for large-scale studies and government decision-making are still many. 'Rural' is an epidemiological variable that unites in a single indicator diverse life aspects relevant for health purposes. Therefore, to facilitate allocation of health resources based on objective criteria, governments and policy makers must acknowledge the difficulty of defining what rural is and work to improve the definitions they use. PMID:21390962

Lourenço, Ana Eliza Port

2011-05-24

407

Rural Emergency Medicine: Patient Volume and Training Opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A paucity of board-certified Emergency Physicians practice in rural Emergency Departments (EDs). One proposed solution has been to train residents in rural EDs to increase the likelihood that they would continue to practice in rural EDs. Some within academic Emergency Medicine question whether rural hospital EDs can provide adequate patient volume for training an Emergency Medicine (EM) resident. Study

Jeff Reames; Daniel A. Handel; A. Al-Assaf; Jerris R. Hedges

2009-01-01

408

Rural-to-Urban Commuting: Three Degrees of Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commuting ties between rural places of residence and urban places of employment are among the most visible forms of rural-urban integration. For some rural areas, access to urban employment is a key source of population retention and growth. However, this access varies considerably across rural areas, with distance representing a primary deterrent. In addition to distance, the size of the

MARK D. PARTRIDGE; KAMAR ALI; M. ROSE OLFERT

2010-01-01

409

Efficient Mitigation Strategies for Epidemics in Rural Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Containing an epidemic at its origin is the most desirable mitigation. Epidemics have often originated in rural areas, with rural communities among the first affected. Disease dynamics in rural regions have received limited attention, and results of general studies cannot be directly applied since population densities and human mobility factors are very different in rural regions from those in cities.

Caterina Scoglio; Walter Schumm; Phillip Schumm; Todd Easton; Sohini Roy Chowdhury; Ali Sydney; Mina Youssef; Thomas Mailund

2010-01-01

410

Improving Rural Cancer Patients' Outcomes: A Group-Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant barriers exist in the delivery of state-of-the-art cancer care to rural populations. Rural providers' knowledge and practices, their rural health care delivery systems, and linkages to cancer specialists are not optimal; therefore, rural cancer patient outcomes are less than achievable. Purpose: To test the effects of a strategy…

Elliott, Thomas E.; Elliott, Barbara A.; Regal, Ronald R.; Renier, Colleen M.; Haller, Irina V.; Crouse, Byron J.; Witrak, Martha T.; Jensen, Patricia B.

2004-01-01

411

Improving Rural Cancer Patients' Outcomes: A Group-Randomized Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Significant barriers exist in the delivery of state-of-the-art cancer care to rural populations. Rural providers' knowledge and practices, their rural health care delivery systems, and linkages to cancer specialists are not optimal; therefore, rural cancer patient outcomes are less than achievable. Purpose: To test the effects of a strategy…

Elliott, Thomas E.; Elliott, Barbara A.; Regal, Ronald R.; Renier, Colleen M.; Haller, Irina V.; Crouse, Byron J.; Witrak, Martha T.; Jensen, Patricia B.

2004-01-01

412

Assessment of Rural Tourism in Turkey Using SWOT Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study, current and future situations of rural tourism in Turkey were criticized by means of SWOT analysis technique. As a result, Turkey has important rural tourism potential, but initiatives, investments and promotion for rural tourism are inadequate and slow compared to main tourism destinations in Mediterranean countries. Turkey can be one of the most important rural tourism centres

Hasan Akca

2006-01-01

413

"If Only Someone Had Told Me ...": Lessons from Rural Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Health care providers face challenges in rural service delivery due to the unique circumstances of rural living. The intersection of rural living and health care challenges can create barriers to care that providers may not be trained to navigate, resulting in burnout and high turnover. Through the exploration of experienced rural

Chipp, Cody; Dewane, Sarah; Brems, Christiane; Johnson, Mark E.; Warner, Teddy D.; Roberts, Laura W.

2011-01-01

414

Rural Latino Resources: A National Guide. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide provides background information on rural Latinos and includes brief profiles of 98 social scientists, researchers, and educators that focus their work on the rural Latino population. The first section addresses the need to study the rural Latino population and discusses census data, distinctions between rural and urban Mexican…

Rochin, Refugio I.; Marroquin, Emily

415

Rural Ageing in the United States: Trends and Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines rural population ageing in the United States with a particular focus on the contrasting contexts in which older rural residents live. We compare the characteristics of the older population by rural versus urban residence, and explore challenges and opportunities associated with the ageing of rural baby boomers. The United…

Glasgow, Nina; Brown, David L.

2012-01-01

416

The Rural Texas Environment: A Profile of Stressors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaire data from 168 rural residents of Atacosa, Cass, Freestone, Scurry, and Upton counties, 153 health and human services providers and interviews with 125 residents of 25 rural communities identified and described stressors in the rural Texas environment. Rural Texans viewed economic problems (money, lack of jobs, poverty, working…

Mountain, Karen; and Others

417

Big Brother in rural societies: Youths’ discourses on gossip  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article examines the rural discourse among rural and urban youths. The 'rural' is not seen as a fixed reality, but as a constructed and contested concept. The article is based on essays and focus group interviews with youths in a comprehensive school. The youths construct the 'rural' by contrasting it with the 'urban'. 'Safe and good' is found to

MARIT S. HAUGEN; Mariann Villa

2006-01-01

418

Professional Preparation for Rural Teachers: Growing Your Own.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This videotape transcript describes Kansas State University's Alternative Teacher Preparation Program for Rural Citizens Seeking a New Career. Three related problems affect education in the Plains States--the devastated rural economy, limited career opportunities in rural areas, and the shortage of teachers of selected subjects in small rural

Price, Floyd H.

419

From açaí to access: distributed electrification in rural Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To rigorously examine success and failure in the use of small scale technologies for rural electrification. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Semi-structured primary field interviews plus secondary sources. Findings – Business model differences and influence of institutions important are important for understanding success and failure in rural electrification and the contribution rural electrification can play in rural development. Research limitations\\/implications –

Hisham Zerriffi

2008-01-01

420

Internet Purchases by Rural Residents: Implications for Community Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Internet purchasing patterns of rural residents by age, income, and sex to determine the characteristics of Internet purchasers and the types of stores in rural areas likely to face the most competition. The multivariate Logit analysis of 840 rural residents in the 2000 Illinois Rural Life Panel indicates that access to the Internet at home rather than

Norman Walzer; Justin Colavito

2005-01-01

421

The Rural Texas Environment: A Profile of Stressors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Questionnaire data from 168 rural residents of Atacosa, Cass, Freestone, Scurry, and Upton counties, 153 health and human services providers and interviews with 125 residents of 25 rural communities identified and described stressors in the rural Texas environment. Rural Texans viewed economic problems (money, lack of jobs, poverty, working…

Mountain, Karen; and Others

422

Rx for the Rural Health-Care Shortage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of Appalachian initiatives aim to recruit rural doctors. West Virginia's three medical schools require all students to spend time working in rural clinics, where they develop an understanding of and connections to rural communities. In two rural Tennessee counties, East Tennessee State University maintains teaching medical practices…

Casto, James E.

1996-01-01

423

DENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ALTHOUGH DENTAL PROBLEMS ARE COMMON IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS, RURAL CHILDREN SEEM TO HAVE MORE DIFFICULTIES. THE REASONS FOR THIS APPEAR TO BE THAT THERE ARE FEWER DENTISTS PER CAPITA IN RURAL AREAS, AND THAT THE RURAL CHILD IS USUALLY EXPOSED TO A WATER SYSTEM LACKING FLUORIDATION, WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF ADMINISTERING FLUORIDES.…

DONNELLY, CHARLES J.

424

"If Only Someone Had Told Me ...": Lessons from Rural Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Health care providers face challenges in rural service delivery due to the unique circumstances of rural living. The intersection of rural living and health care challenges can create barriers to care that providers may not be trained to navigate, resulting in burnout and high turnover. Through the exploration of experienced rural

Chipp, Cody; Dewane, Sarah; Brems, Christiane; Johnson, Mark E.; Warner, Teddy D.; Roberts, Laura W.

2011-01-01

425

Rural tourism and visitors' expenditures for local food products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skuras D., Dimara E. and Petrou A (2006) Rural tourism and visitors' expenditures for local food products, Regional Studies40, 769–779. European rural development policy has supported the production of local and regionally denominated food as a means to differentiate agricultural production, and rural tourism as a means to diversify rural employment. The aim of the present work is to address

Dimitris Skuras; Efthalia Dimara; Anastasia Petrou

2006-01-01

426

DENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES FOR RURAL YOUTH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ALTHOUGH DENTAL PROBLEMS ARE COMMON IN BOTH RURAL AND URBAN AREAS, RURAL CHILDREN SEEM TO HAVE MORE DIFFICULTIES. THE REASONS FOR THIS APPEAR TO BE THAT THERE ARE FEWER DENTISTS PER CAPITA IN RURAL AREAS, AND THAT THE RURAL CHILD IS USUALLY EXPOSED TO A WATER SYSTEM LACKING FLUORIDATION, WHICH IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY OF ADMINISTERING FLUORIDES.…

DONNELLY, CHARLES J.

427

Rural-Specific Concerns and Strategies in the Budget Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nationally, rural students represent about a quarter of all students attending public school; nearly a third of all schools are located in rural areas. Those rural schools and students have a number of unique characteristics and needs. For example, the smaller size of many rural schools and districts can sometimes lead to per-pupil expenditures…

Johnson, Jerry; Malhoit, Greg; Shope, Shane

2012-01-01

428

America's Forgotten Children: Child Poverty in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report draws on research, statistics, and the voices of rural young people to document the extent and causes of rural child poverty, and related problems and reasons for hope in specific focus areas. About 2.5 million rural children are chronically poor. Rural poverty is concentrated in central Appalachia, the deep South, the U.S.-Mexican…

Nadel, Wendy; Sagawa, Shirley

429

Chaos Problem Cumulative Effects Research on Rural Financial Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the analysis of the complexity of rural financial system and its chaotic characteristic of the evolution, with the help of the relevant theories about chaotic economics, this thesis analyzes the cumulative effects of rural financial innovation by modeling. Furthermore, it involves the cumulative effects of rural financial innovation, the efforts and the internal innovative impetus of rural financial

Haoquan Wang; Guoxing Zhang

2010-01-01

430

Research on development of Rural Urbanization and development strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural Urbanization is a process of the transfer of the rural population to cities and towns and the change of the rural economy into urban economy. Urbanization is a major issue for the social and economic development of China in the new era. This paper mainly describes the development history, current situation and development models of rural urbanization in China,

Hongmei Chen; Yujun Miao

2010-01-01

431

The Role of Organic Agriculture in Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Rural development includes local population, its way of life, employment characteristics, income structure, dwelling conditions, service levels as well as cultural aspects just as traditional handcrafts, dishes, language, clothing and habits. Since agriculture is a historically determining economic activity in rural areas its effects primarily determines the rural ways of life. New rural development policy of EU can be

Csaba SARUDI; Zoltán SZAKÁLY; Attila MÁTHÉ; Viktória SZENTE

2003-01-01

432

Rural? In Educational Research: It's a Matter of Purpose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the meaning of "rural" in rural education research and the relationship of this meaning to the research project's design and purpose. In traditional, comparative research designs, "rural" becomes a part of research that involves or implies comparisons with the nonrural. In contrast, emergent, interpretive designs make "rural"…

Hedlund, Dalva E.

433

Quality of Diabetes Mellitus Care by Rural Primary Care Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To explore the relationship between degree of rurality and glucose (hemoglobin A1c), blood pressure (BP), and lipid (LDL) control among patients with diabetes. Methods: Descriptive study; 1,649 patients in 205 rural practices in the United States. Patients' residence ZIP codes defined degree of rurality (Rural-Urban Commuting Areas…

Tonks, Stephen A.; Makwana, Sohil; Salanitro, Amanda H.; Safford, Monika M.; Houston, Thomas K.; Allison, Jeroan J.; Curry, William; Estrada, Carlos A.

2012-01-01

434

Sources of Inequities in Rural America: Implications for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper identifies the basic factors affecting rural development and the social consequences of rural policies and structural changes in agriculture; it also suggests research areas relating some of these factors to what is happening in America's rural communities. Data sources such as congressional hearings, rural sociologists' critiques,…

Fujimoto, Isao; Zone, Martin

435

7 CFR 1780.49 - Rural or Native Alaskan villages.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Rural or Native Alaskan villages. 1780.49 Section...Application Processing § 1780.49 Rural or Native Alaskan villages. (a) General...or use pit privies. (2) Rural or Native Alaskan village. A rural or...

2013-01-01

436

State Council Resolutions on Further Strengthening Rural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several resolutions on strengthening work in rural education have been made in order to accelerate development of rural education in China, deepen reform of rural education, guarantee a well-off society, and harmonize rural and urban development. This article presents a detailed plan of actions for each resolution. The resolutions are enumerated…

Chinese Education and Society, 2005

2005-01-01

437

Urban-Rural Disparities in Injury Mortality in China, 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Urban-rural disparity is an important issue for injury control in China. Details of the urban-rural disparities in fatal injuries have not been analyzed. Purpose: To target key injury causes that most contribute to the urban-rural disparity, we decomposed total urban-rural differences in 2006 injury mortality by gender, age, and cause.…

Hu, Guoqing; Baker, Susan P.; Baker, Timothy D.

2010-01-01

438

Rural hospitals' viability and strategic responses.  

PubMed

In 1989 the Catholic Health Association, in conjunction with the University of Iowa Center for Health Services Research, surveyed chief executive officers (CEOs) of rural hospitals regarding their hospital's viability and strategic behaviors and orientations. An extensive questionnaire was sent to the CEOs of all Catholic, all other religious not-for-profit, and all investor-owned rural hospitals, as well as to a 50 percent random sample of government and other not-for-profit rural hospitals. CEOs on average perceived that their hospital's viability relative to that of other rural hospitals was higher in 1989 than it had been in 1987. Ninety-four percent of hospitals whose CEOs perceived an increase in viability had been medium- or low-viability hospitals two years earlier. Thus, despite reports of deteriorating conditions for rural hospitals, rural hospital CEOs appeared to be relatively optimistic regarding their institution's viability. Changes in strategic direction accompanied these perceived increases in viability. The predominant strategic orientation adopted by rural hospitals in 1987 was that of the defender, but many hospitals that used this approach switched to the analyzer orientation by 1989. Significant shifts also occurred toward the reactor orientation from the analyzer and defender orientations. A greater percentage of hospitals with a perceived increase in viability between 1987 and 1989 altered their organizational role. The most common change for these hospitals was from limited care to basic care. PMID:10117404

Ludke, R L; Westhoff, L J; Flood, B M

1992-05-01

439

Rural Youth in Asia. Report of the CCA Rural Youth Study Group (Sibu, Malaysia, March 14-19, 1976).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical causes of rural poverty and general recommendations for work among rural youth in India, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are presented in this summary of national reports given before the Rural Youth Study Group in 1976. In addition to study papers on each country, the volume contains an introduction on rural youth and…

1977

440

Mental Health and Family Life among Kindergarten Children in Rural Areas. Rural Early Childhood Brief, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief presents selected findings from a rural analysis of the Kindergarten Cohort of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) by the National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives in collaboration with Child Trends. Comparisons of rural and non-rural young children in the baseline data of the Kindergarten Cohort of the…

National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives - Mississippi State University Early Childhood Institute, 2005

2005-01-01

441

50 CFR Figure 6 to Subpart E of... - Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas 6 Figure...E, Fig. 6 Figure 6 to Subpart E of Part 300âAlaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands Rural and Non-Rural Areas...

2010-10-01

442

Alzheimer's Rural Care Healthline: Linking Rural Caregivers to Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the challenges faced by rural caregivers in providing assistance to older family members with Alzheimer's disease and closely related conditions. Procedure: Preliminary focus group findings from a new grant initiative, Alzheimer's Rural Care Healthline, that assesses the efficacy of telephone-based cognitive-behavioral intervention for rural dementia caregivers. Groups identified specific caregiver educational and skills-training requirements and best methods

Robert L. Glueckauf; Curtis Stine; Michelle Bourgeois; Alice Pomidor; Pilar Rom; Mary Ellen Young; Angela Massey; Pat Ashley

2005-01-01

443

Sex education in rural schools in the United States: impact of rural educators' community identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The overall purpose of this exploratory research was to better understand rural educators' feelings about school?based sex education in order to foster better communication and collaboration between prevention researchers and rural teachers and administrators. In order to accomplish this purpose, the research question asked ‘How does perceived community identity influence rural educators' decisions regarding school?based sex education?’Methods: Qualitative interviews

2008-01-01

444

Health care in rural areas.  

PubMed

In India, although the health care system infrastructure is extensive, the people often regard government facilities as family planning (FP) centers instead of primary health care centers. This problem has been compounded by the separation of health care and FP at all stages, even down to the storage of the same medication in two different locations depending upon whether it is to be used for "health" or for "FP." In rural areas where the government centers are particularly desolate, the community has chosen to erect its own health care system of private practitioners of all sorts and qualifications. Even in rural areas where a comprehensive health service is provided, with each household visited regularly by health workers, and where this service has resulted in a lowering of the crude death rate from 14.6 to 7 and the maternal mortality rate from 4.7 to 0.5/1000, people depend upon practitioners of various types. Upon analysis, it was discovered that the reason for using this multiplicity of practitioners had nothing to do with the level of satisfaction with the government service or with the accessibility of the services. Rather, when ill, the people make a diagnosis and then go to the proper place for treatment. If, for instance, they believe their malady was caused by the evil eye, they consult a magico-religious practitioner. These various types of practitioners flourish in areas with the best primary health care because they fulfill a need not met by the primary health care staff. If government agencies work with the local practitioners and afford them the proper respect, their skills can be upgraded in selected areas and the whole community will benefit. PMID:12288590

Nath, L M

1994-02-01

445

Rural Healthy People 2010, 2020, and beyond: the need goes on.  

PubMed

Rural Healthy People 2010 represented the first effort to specifically include small and rural communities in the Healthy People movement to improve the health of Americans. Rural Healthy People 2010 set rural-specific health priority areas, documented what is known about health in rural areas, identified rural best practice programs/interventions, and promoted rural health services research and researchers. Over the last decade Rural Healthy People 2010 has provided policy makers, rural providers, and rural communities with a valuable resource for planning and policy making. Sustaining the Rural Healthy People project in collaboration with the broader Healthy People 2020 effort will provide an important infrastructure for improving rural health. PMID:21378515

Bellamy, Gail R; Bolin, Jane Nelson; Gamm, Larry D

446

Paraprofessional Roles in Rural Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paraprofessional roles in rural mental health project which emphasized early detection and/or prevention of potential mental health crises, use of community alternatives to institutionalization and reduction of need for institutionalization or long-te...

J. Shybut

1981-01-01

447

Rural Electrification and Windpower in Tanzania.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Present rural electrification in Tanzania means supplying electricity to townships and to only a few of the existing 8000 registered villages, which are not yet electrified in any considerable numbers due to technical and economical problems. The initial ...

R. Reichel

1978-01-01

448

Organization of Health Services for Rural Areas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Organizational patterns of health services in rural areas are described and discussed. Two frames of reference for viewing the organization of any community service are considered. The elements of the first include three structures (provider, consumer, an...

C. O. Crawford

1973-01-01

449

Rural nurses' safeguarding work: reembodying patient safety.  

PubMed

Practice-based evidence includes research that is grounded in the everyshift experiences of rural nurses. This study utilized institutional ethnography to reembody the work of rural nurses and to explore how nurses' work experiences are socially organized. Registered nurses who work in small acute care hospitals were observed and interviewed about their work with the focus on their experiences of providing maternity care. The safeguarding work of rural nurses included anticipating problems and emergencies and being prepared; careful watching, surveillance, and vigilance; negotiating safety; being able to act in emergency situations; and mobilizing emergency transport systems. Increased attention to inquiry about safeguarding as an embodied nursing practice and the textual organization of the work of rural nurses is warranted. PMID:21572259

MacKinnon, Karen

450

Quality of Work Life: Rural Teachers' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire mailed to 528 teachers in rural British Columbia sought opinions on their conditions of work, professional autonomy, and interactions with students and administrators. Responses suggest policy changes to reduce high rate of teacher turnover. (JW)|

Haughey, Margaret L.; Murphy, Peter J.

1983-01-01

451

Speed Management Toolbox for Rural Communities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of this toolbox is to summarize various known traffic-calming treatments and their effectiveness. This toolbox focuses on roadway-based treatments for speed management, particularly for rural communities with transition zones. Educat...

N. Hawkins S. Knickerbocker S. L. Hallmark

2013-01-01

452

Telephone Communications: Issues Affecting Rural Telephone Service.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As the telephone industry moves to a more competitive structure, about 1,400 local telephone companies face regulatory and technological changes. Small rural companies could have more difficulty in adjusting to some changes because they serve low-density ...

1987-01-01

453

Logistics Support Program for Rural Economic Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objecitve of this project was to develop a program that provides short-term analyses and education in an effort to enhance the viability of rural manufacturing and processing firms through a better understanding of transportation and logistics managem...

J. Honeyman M. Titus J. Barber

1996-01-01

454

77 FR 4885 - Rural Business Investment Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...several technical amendments to correct the Rural Business Investment Program (RBIP...removing an unnecessary reference to the Small Business Administration; and Correcting...Non-leveraged RBICs, all references to the Small Business Administration (SBA)...

2012-02-01

455

Technology Education: The Rural Context Factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The delivery of an effective technology education program in rural communities, where less than ideal circumstances may exist,\\u000a typically presents many challenges to educators compared to teaching in the often relative affluence of urban centres. The\\u000a unique characteristics of rural communities, as well as their particular social and cultural milieu, must be considered along\\u000a with a variety of program delivery

George J. Haché; Dennis B. Sharpe

456

Rural health care support mechanism. Final rule.  

PubMed

In this document, the Federal Communications Commission reforms its universal service support program for health care, transitioning its existing Internet Access and Rural Health Care Pilot programs into a new, efficient Healthcare Connect Fund. This Fund will expand health care provider access to broadband, especially in rural areas, and encourage the creation of state and regional broadband health care networks. Access to broadband for medical providers saves lives while lowering health care costs and improving patient experiences. PMID:23476995

2013-03-01

457

Induced abortion: What's happening in rural Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study was done in rural Bangladesh among the women seeking abortion-related care at six health facilities in two rural sub-districts of Bangladesh in 1996–1997. It looked at contraceptive use, why women had abortions, who made the abortion decision, who provided the abortions, the complications of abortion that developed, where and how soon the women sought treatment. A majority

Shameem Ahmed; Ariful Islam; Parveen A. Khanum

1999-01-01

458

How China utilizes biogas in rural areas  

SciTech Connect

An outline is presented of how China utilizes biogas in rural areas. Already, 7,140,000 small biogas digesters have been built. Sichuan province has 4,160,000 digesters including about 20,000 large digesters which operate diesel engines to generate electricity. This is seen as the key area for further research and development. In rural areas, biogas is used principally for cooking and to power stationary units such as grinding mills, electric generators and crop driers.

Ji, M.

1981-05-01

459

Chinese Rural Industrial Productivity and Urban Spillovers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese rural industry has grown three times faster than national GDP, surpassing agriculture in size in 1987, and now nearing half of the total Chinese economy. We use a rich, new county-level data set to explore this dramatic growth. We find that a Cobb-Douglas production function explains over 80 percent of across-county variation in 1991 rural industrial output per capita,

Yusheng Peng; Lynne G. Zucker; Michael R. Darby

1997-01-01

460

Rural Finance for Growth and Poverty Alleviation  

Microsoft Academic Search

To promote agricultural --- and hence economic --- growth, Pakistan must make more credit available to agricultural smallholders, the rural nonfarm sector, and women. Subsidizing interest rates is not the way to help marginal borrowers. Instead, they can be helped through fixed-cost subsidies and self-selected targeting.Pakistan's rural sector accounts for more than 70 percent of employment, and roughly two-thirds of

Rashid Faruqee; Saeed Qureshi; Ijaz Nabi

1996-01-01

461

Will the rural economy rebound in 2010?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the U.S. economy emerges from recession, prospects for a rural rebound in 2010 are also rising. After months of sharp contraction, the nation’s GDP rose solidly in the second half of 2009. Rural job losses also slowed as the year progressed, and commodity prices rebounded, spurring some optimism that farm profits could soon stabilize. ; The nation’s economic gains,

Jason Henderson

2010-01-01

462

Pathways of rural development in Madagascar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on community-level data from 188 villages in rural Madagascar. The survey that was conducted in 1997 made extensive use of long-term recall questions ascertaining changes during the past 10 years in rice yields, wages, population, soil fertility, and other pertinent variables of rural development. We find that—on average for all villages—the yields of irrigated rice, the

Manfred Zeller; Cécile Lapenu; Bart Minten; Eliane Ralison; Désiré Randrianaivo; Claude Randrianarisoa

2000-01-01

463

Why Rural Matters 2011-12: The Condition of Rural Education in the 50 States. A Report of the Rural School and Community Trust Policy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Why Rural Matters 2011-12" is the sixth in a series of biennial reports analyzing the contexts and conditions of rural education in each of the 50 states and calling attention to the need for policymakers to address rural education issues in their respective states. While it is the sixth in a series, this report is not simply an updating of data…

Strange, Marty; Johnson, Jerry; Showalter, Daniel; Klein, Robert

2012-01-01

464

Human Resources in the Rural Area of Slavonia and Baranja - the New Rural Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rural area is most often defined by the type of settlements (village), the dominating profession (agriculture) and by the prevailing social interactions (typical for the community). The “vicinity” of nature is also a significant determination of a rural area. Industrialization and the modernization stimulated by it in the second half of the twentieth century have changed the village image,

Antun Sundalic

2009-01-01

465

Managing Liberalization and Globalization in Rural China: Trends in Rural Labour Allocation, Income and Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

China’s integration into the global economy, while rapid, has been managed as part of a wider liberalization process. The structural changes in the rural economy arising from these twin processes have led to widening intra-rural inequalities. To address these, the central leadership has, in Polanyian manner, moved to counter some of the adverse effects of liberalization and globalization. We discuss

Xiao-Yuan Dong; Paul Bowles; Hongqin Chang

2009-01-01

466

The emergence of new uses for rural spaces and interrelations of rural and urban labour markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

38th Congress of the European Regional Science Association 28 August ? 1 September 1998 in Vienna Europe quo vadis? ? Regional question at the Turn of the Century Topic: E: Poverty, Labour Markets and Migrations The emergence of new uses for rural spaces and interrelations of rural and urban labour markets (Abstract) by Thomas Dax, Bundesanstalt fur Bergbauernfragen The former

Thomas Dax

1998-01-01

467

Research Needs in Rural Development. Report of the Southern Regional Rural Development Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initiated in 1974 to ascertain research needs in the Southern region, the Rural Development Task Force investigated the nature of rural development problems and needed and clientele oriented research. Current research was reviewed, priority areas were identified, and allocation of Scientific Man Years were recommended. Major problems identified…

Tyner, Fred, Comp.; And Others

468

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

469

Wisconsin Migrant and Rural Services Annual Report, 1975. Annual Rural Manpower Report, MA 5-79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the last four years, Wisconsin's rural manpower program consisted of three program units--Rural Services, Migrant Services, and Teacher Placement Services. These services reported to and were coordinated by the Director of Central Operations. Ongoing shifts in program emphasis and an extensive reorganization of the State Employment Service…

Wisconsin State Dept. of Industry, Labor and Human Relations, Madison.

470

Toward Rural Prosperity: A State Policy Framework in Support of Rural Community Colleges. Policy Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In six policy areas, states can better equip rural community colleges to serve their communities. In the area of economic and community development, states can use rural community colleges to promote community development efforts and service learning and to provide small business assistance and entrepreneurship education. States can improve access…

Chesson, J. Parker, Jr.; Rubin, Sarah

471

Sex Education in Rural Schools in the United States: Impact of Rural Educators' Community Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The overall purpose of this exploratory research was to better understand rural educators' feelings about school-based sex education in order to foster better communication and collaboration between prevention researchers and rural teachers and administrators. In order to accomplish this purpose, the research question asked "How does…

Blinn-Pike, Lynn

2008-01-01

472

Rural tourism as a factor in rural community economic development for economies in transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how community resources can be mobilised to help rural communities make the transition from agrarian to diversified and sustainable economies. It discusses the concept of the Global Management Approach used by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Europe, and shows how this approach can be used to develop sustainable rural tourism, paying close

Agnes Gannon

1994-01-01

473

Re-Conceptualising Rural Resources as Countryside Capital: The Case of Rural Tourism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Commentators tend to agree that the rural resource is becoming increasingly subject to pressures arising from an ever wider range of economic, social, political and environmental influences. This paper focuses on the case of rural tourism in illustrating the advantages of adopting a sustainable development approach to identifying suitable…

Garrod, Brian; Wornell, Roz; Youell, Ray

2006-01-01

474

Orthopedic Surgery in Rural American Hospitals: A Survey of Rural Hospital Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural American residents prefer to receive their medical care locally. Lack of specific medical services in the local community necessitates travel to a larger center which is less favorable. This study was done to identify how rural hospitals choose to provide orthopedic surgical services to their communities. Methods: All hospitals in 5 states…

Weichel, Derek

2012-01-01

475

The Impact of Rural Industries on the Outcomes of Schooling in Rural America. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The traditional relationships between rural and urban areas and the changes brought on by specialized rural industries discussed. The digest reviews work that has investigated the impact of farming, manufacturing, and mining on education. The effect of agricultural activity on academic achievement, especially via vocational agriculture programs,…

Howley, Craig B.

476

The Influence of Rural vs. Non-Rural Background and Setting Variables on Psychoeducational Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys 383 rural/urban/suburban school psychologists to evaluate influence of child's background, school setting, and psychologist's work setting on educational expectations for hypothetical case study child. Finds expectations not influenced by student's background or school setting. However, rural psychologists have higher academic/vocational…

Huebner, E. Scott

1985-01-01

477

An Introduction to RTC: Rural /The Research and Training Center on Rural Rehabilitation Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is estimated that nearly 8.5 million people living in rural America possess some form of disabling condition. Strokes are the major cause of disabilities among older persons and accidents are the major cause among teenagers and young adults. This paper provides background information on rehabilitation services in rural areas, some examples of…

Page, Charles M.; And Others

478

RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF RURAL AND FARM WOMEN IN THE KEOKUK COUNTY RURAL HEALTH STUDY Allison L. Naleway*, Nancy L. Sprince?, Erik R. Svendsen?, Ann M. Stromquist?, James A. Merchant? *Marshfield Medical Research and Education Foundation, Marshfield, WI; ?University of Iowa Co...

479

Early Development of Low-Income Rural Appalachian Children. Rural Health Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Appalachian Infant Temperament Project followed a group of 80 low-income rural Appalachian children from birth to kindergarten, focusing on two areas of child development: social/emotional functioning and cognitive skills. Subjects were recruited at a Lincoln County, West Virginia, clinic; all were white; and 73 percent had family…

Fish, Margaret; Jacquet, Ellen; Frye, Hadassah

480

Early Development of Low-Income Rural Appalachian Children. Rural Health Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Rural Appalachian Infant Temperament Project followed a group of 80 low-income rural Appalachian children from birth to kindergarten, focusing on two areas of child development: social/emotional functioning and cognitive skills. Subjects were recruited at a Lincoln County, West Virginia, clinic; all were white; and 73 percent had family…

Fish, Margaret; Jacquet, Ellen; Frye, Hadassah

481

How Does Degree of Rurality Impact the Provision of Surgical Services at Rural Hospitals?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Rural residents frequently have decreased access to surgical services. Consequences of this situation include increased travel time and financial costs for patients. There are also economic implications for hospitals as they may lose revenue when patients leave the area in order to obtain surgical services. Rural communities vary in size…

Doty, Brit; Zuckerman, Randall; Finlayson, Samuel; Jenkins, Paul; Rieb, Nathaniel; Heneghan, Steven

2008-01-01

482

Preventive Health Education Needs Among Rural Farm and Rural Nonfarm Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focusing on heart disease and cancer, the study compared the preventive health education needs of farm and nonfarm rural adults. During July and August 1975, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 57 men and 161 women living in Armstrong and Butler Counties, Pennsylvania. The sample included 119 commercial farm households and 99 rural

Leadley, Samuel M.; And Others

483

Economic Growth, Rural Educational Investment and the Level and Distribution of Rural Incomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This dissertation examines two related questions. First, it estimates the effect of growth in the demand for skilled and unskilled labor on rural household incomes and the rural wage structure. Second, it examines the effect of growth in household incomes and in labor market returns to education on household educational investment. The…

Badiani, Reena Chandu

2010-01-01

484

Listening to Rural Adolescents: Views on the Rural Community and the Importance of Adult Interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems facing rural areas are many faceted, but a key component to their solution is the human resource of ruraladolescents. In this study, an interpretiveanalysisof interviews focusing on perceptions of the community, family, school social dynamics, andaspects of self identity with 20 adolescents from a rural high school, is discussed within the framework of two organizingdimensions: living in a

Dalva Hedlund

1993-01-01

485

Effective Schooling in Rural Africa Report 4: Frequently Asked Questions about Effective Schooling in Rural Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The challenges of making rural schools more effective vary with different types of rural conditions. But typically these challenges might include any of the following: teacher shortages, lack of facilities, isolation, HIV/AIDS and related social stigma, war crises and displaced populations, multigrade and shift teaching, administration of small…

World Bank, Washington, DC. Human Development Network.

486

The Rural Practicum: Preparing a Quality Teacher Workforce for Rural and Regional Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communities play a critical role in supporting pre-service teachers during rural and regional professional experience. This support, coupled with access to teacher educators and university resources, appears to positively influence graduate attitudes toward taking up a rural appointment. These are among the key findings to emerge from open-ended…

Kline, Jodie; White, Simone; Lock, Graeme

2013-01-01

487

Living and Learning in Rural Schools and Communities. A Report to the Annenberg Rural Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Annenberg Rural Challenge represents a large national effort to transform rural schools and communities. Among its dominant themes are that students should come to know their local communities well, that communities should see schools and students as critical assets, and that communities and schools need to become more integrated. As part of…

Bryant, Miles; Canniff, Julie; Casey, Mary; Christian, Scott; Cochrane, Candace; Fontaine, Carla; Landry, Richard; Leiter, Bob; Shirley, Dennis; Sosniak, Lauren; Stafanakis, Evangeline; Titone, Connie; Ulichny, Polly; Williams, Ben; Wood, Doug

488

Rural Profile of Arkansas: A Look at Economic & Social Trends Affecting Rural Arkansas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet profiles key economic and social features of rural Arkansas. Data are drawn from reports by the U.S. Census Bureau, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and Arkansas state agencies. About half of Arkansas' people live in rural areas, and most of these live in open country (not incorporated areas) and are completely dependent on county…

Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville, Cooperative Extension Service.

489

Rural Women's Transitions to Motherhood: Understanding Social Support in a Rural Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Social support protects women from various negative consequences, yet we have little understanding of how rural women acquire and utilize social support. Using interviews of 24 women in a North Dakota community, this research sought to understand how rural women were supported as new mothers. One, familial women and partners were vital supports…

Gjesfjeld, Christopher D.; Weaver, Addie; Schommer, Kathryn

2012-01-01

490

Modelling the rural community library : Characteristics of the Kitengesa Library in rural Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide background on how the Kitengesa Community Library in rural Uganda, which serves as both a community library and a school library, might be seen as a model for other similar libraries in developing countries. To use a case study of the library to highlight certain characteristics of rural libraries as developed by B.J. Mostert and presented

Valeda Frances Dent

2006-01-01

491

Rural Nebraska: Looking Back at a Decade of Change and Progress: 2005 Nebraska Rural Poll Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

To commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Nebraska Rural Poll, rural Nebraskans were asked about changes they may have experienced during the past ten years. Where have they lived during the past decade? In what types of business activities have they been involved? Have they received any education or training during that time period? What has been their experience with

Rebecca J. Vogt; Randolph L. Cantrell; Bruce B. Johnson; Alan Tomkins

2005-01-01

492

Rural Medical Service Funding: Issues and Alternatives. Rural Information Center Publication Series, No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By almost any definition, rural America has been medically underserved. This bibliography includes materials available from the National Agricultural Library's (NAL) Rural Information Center. The listed materials include approximately 36 books and monographs, 106 articles, and the names and addresses of 17 related associations. Certain local…

Kane, John D. H., III, Comp.; Leuci, Mary Simon, Comp.

493

Rural Camp School Eco Learn--Outdoor Education in Rural Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Outdoor education in rural and agricultural surroundings offers many possibilities for learning and studying different school subjects as well as teaching. This study aims to explore the development of an educational rural camp school, Eco Learn, and to investigate pupils' expectations and experiences and teachers' experiences of carrying out the…

Smeds, Pia; Jeronen, Eila; Kurppa, Sirpa; Vieraankivi, Marja-Liisa

2011-01-01

494

Re-Conceptualising Rural Resources as Countryside Capital: The Case of Rural Tourism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Commentators tend to agree that the rural resource is becoming increasingly subject to pressures arising from an ever wider range of economic, social, political and environmental influences. This paper focuses on the case of rural tourism in illustrating the advantages of adopting a sustainable development approach to identifying suitable policies…

Garrod, Brian; Wornell, Roz; Youell, Ray

2006-01-01

495

The Changing American Countryside: Rural People and Places. Series: Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This interdisciplinary collection of 26 readings in rural studies aims to address the paucity of information and absence of informed people to advise public debate about rural issues. Sections of the book examine the pastoral tradition in literature; the changing nature of the countryside; money, jobs, and space; distress and poverty; regional…

Castle, Emery N., Ed.

496

Understanding Contexts of Family Violence in Rural, Farming Communities: Implications for Rural Women's Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on family violence in rural communities in Australia and Canada has shown that women's experience of family violence is shaped by social and cultural factors. Concern for economic security and inheritance for children, closeness and belonging, and values of family unity and traditional gender roles are factors in rural communities that…

Wendt, Sarah; Hornosty, Jennie

2010-01-01

497

Rural Scholars or Bright Rednecks? Aspirations for a Sense of Place Among Rural Youth in Appalachia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we promote sense ofplace as a legitimate aspiration of rural youth, including very able rural youth. The aspiration concerns the quest for rootedness and community as opposed to mobility and individual status. We con­ ducted exploratory analyses ofdata gatheredfrom 158 participants in the 1994 West VirginiaGovernor's Honors Acad­ emy (GHA) andfroma contrasting group of644 students in seven

Craig B. Howley; Hobart L. Harmon; Gregory D. Leopold

1996-01-01

498

Relational Rurals: Some Thoughts on Relating Things and Theory in Rural Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers how shifts within the social sciences towards conceptualising spatiality in relational terms have unfolded in rural studies in particular ways over the past decade or so. A period in which networks, connections, flows and mobility have all established themselves as compelling conceptual frames for research, the rural has…

Heley, Jesse; Jones, Laura

2012-01-01

499

Wireless Broadband Communications Systems in Rural Wisconsin. Rural Research Report. Volume 19, Issue 1, Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes a communications system engineering planning process that demonstrates an ability to design and deploy cost-effective broadband networks in low density rural areas. The emphasis in on innovative solutions and systems optimization because of the marginal nature of rural telecommunications infrastructure investments.…

Schlager, Kenneth J.

2008-01-01

500

Wireless Broadband Communications Systems in Rural Wisconsin. Rural Research Report. Volume 19, Issue 1, Spring 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a communications system engineering planning process that demonstrates an ability to design and deploy cost-effective broadband networks in low density rural areas. The emphasis in on innovative solutions and systems optimization because of the marginal nature of rural telecommunications infrastructure investments. Otherwise,…

Schlager, Kenneth J.

2008-01-01